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´╗┐Title: Sovereign Grace - Its Source, Its Nature and Its Effects
Author: Moody, Dwight Lyman, 1837-1899
Language: English
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_Sovereign Grace_


Its Source, Its Nature and Its Effects


By D. L. Moody


_"By Grace are ye saved."--Ephesians ii. 8_


With Three Gospel Dialogues


Chicago New York Toronto

FLEMING H. REVELL COMPANY

London and Edinburgh


_Copyrighted 1891 by Fleming H. Revell Company._



PREFATORY NOTE.


IN the exercise of his high calling, the faithful ambassador of
Christ must not scruple to declare the whole counsel of
God--"rightly dividing the word of truth," to all classes of hearers.
He must warn the openly wicked man that if he persists in his evil
courses, the just judgments of God will inevitably overtake him; he
must unmask the hypocrite; he must utter no uncertain protest
against the crooked and devious ways of the self-seeker and the
time-server. But if he enters into the Spirit of his Master, no part
of his public work will be more congenial or delightful than the
proclamation of the full, free, and sovereign grace of God,
manifested towards sinful men in the gift of His Eternal Son, to be
the Saviour of the world. It has been my happy privilege in years
past to tell out, as best I could, this wonderful story of redeeming
grace. The following pages record the addresses I have given on the
various aspects of this great subject. I pray God that in their
printed form they may serve to deepen in the mind of the reader the
appreciation of this grace, at once so infinite and so undeserved.

The chapter entitled "A Chime of Gospel Bells," though not strictly
flowing out of the general subject, is in perfect harmony with it;
every note in the chime is intended to ring out the gracious
invitation to "Come" to the God of all grace and be blessed. The
Dialogues which form the latter part of the book were heard with
much interest and profit at some of the London meetings; I think the
perusal of them will be helpful in removing many of the hindrances
that prevent anxious inquirers from accepting without delay the
salvation that God in His grace has provided for the sinful children
of men.



CONTENTS.


The Fountain of Grace

Saved by Grace Alone

Possessing, and "Working Out"

Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners

Law and Grace

Grace for Living

Grace for Service

"A Chime of Gospel Bells"



GOSPEL DIALOGUES:


I. What It Is to be a Child of God

II. How to Become a Christian

III. What It Is to be Converted


   "Grace! 'tis a charming sound,
      Harmonious to the ear;
   Heaven with the echo shall resound,
      And all the earth shall hear.

   'Twas grace that wrote my name
      In life's eternal book;
   'Twas grace that gave me to the Lamb,
      Who all my sorrows took.

   Grace taught my wandering feet
      To tread the heavenly road;
   And new supplies each hour I meet,
      While pressing on to God.

   Oh let that grace inspire
      My soul with strength divine.
   May all my prayers to Thee aspire,
      And all my days be Thine."

_Dr. Doddridge._



SOVEREIGN GRACE


CHAPTER I.


THE FOUNTAIN OF GRACE.


THERE are some words with which we have been familiar from our
infancy up, and probably there are few words in the English language
that are so often used as this word "GRACE." Many of you at your
table "say grace" three times a day. You seldom go into a church
without hearing the word mentioned. You seldom read any part of the
New Testament, especially the Epistles, without meeting the word.

There is probably not a word in the language so little understood.
There are a great many who have received the grace of God into their
heart, but who, if they should be asked what the word means would be
troubled, and confused, and unable to tell. I experienced the grace
of God a good many years before I really knew the true meaning of
the word.

Now, grace means unmerited mercy--undeserved favor. If men were to
wake up to the fact, they would not be talking about their own
worthiness when we ask them to come to Christ. When the truth dawns
upon them that Christ came to save the unworthy, then they will
accept salvation. Peter calls God "the God of all grace."

Men talk about grace, but, as a rule, they know very little about
it. Let a business man go to one of your bankers to borrow a few
hundred dollars for sixty or ninety days; if he is well able to pay,
the banker will perhaps lend him the money if he can get another
responsible man to sign the note with him. They give what they call
three days' grace after the sixty or ninety days have expired; but
they will make the borrower pay interest on the money during these
three days, and if he does not return principal and interest at the
appointed time, they will sell his goods; they will perhaps turn him
out of his house, and take the last piece of furniture in his
possession. That is not grace at all; but that fairly illustrates
man's idea of it. Grace not only frees you from payment of the
interest, but of the principal also.


ITS SOURCE.

In the Gospel by John we read, "The Word was made flesh and dwelt
among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the Only-begotten
of the Father, full of grace and truth . . . For the law was given
by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ." Now you know
that for many years men were constantly trying to find the source of
the Nile. The river of grace has been flowing through this dark
earth for six thousand years, and we certainly ought to be more
anxious to find out its source than to discover the source of the
Nile. I think if you will read your Bible carefully you will find
that this wonderful river of grace comes right from the very heart
of God.

I remember being in Texas a few years ago, in a place where the
country was very dry and parched. In that dry country there is a
beautiful river that springs right out of the ground. It flows
along; and on both sides of the river you find life and vegetation.
Grace flows like that river; and you can trace its source right up
to the very heart of God. You may say that its highest manifestation
was seen when God gave the Son of His bosom to save this lost world.
"Not as the offense, so also is the free gift. For if through the
offense of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the
gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto
many."


A FREE GIFT.

Notice, it is the free gift of God. "Grace be unto you, and peace,
from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. I thank my God
always on your behalf, for the grace of God which is given you by
Jesus Christ." Paul wrote fourteen Epistles; and every one of them
is closed with a prayer for grace. Paul calls it "The free gift of
God." Thousands have been kept out of the kingdom of God because
they do not realize what this free gift is. They think they must do
something to merit salvation.

The first promise given to fallen man was a promise of grace. God
never promised Adam anything when He put him in Eden. God never
entered into a covenant with him as He did with Abraham. God told
him "of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil thou shalt not
eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely
die;" but when this came to pass then God came and gave him a
gracious promise. He dealt in grace with him. As he left the Garden
of Eden he could say to Eve, "Well, God does love us, though He has
driven us out." There was no sign that Adam recognized his lost
condition. As far as we know there was no cry for mercy or pardon,
no confession of sin. Yet we find that God dealt in grace with him.
God sought Adam out that he might bestow His grace upon him. He met
Adam in his lost and ruined condition, and the first thing He did
was to proclaim the promise of a coming Saviour.

For six thousand years, God has been trying to teach the world this
great and glorious truth--that He wants to deal with man in love and
in grace. It runs right through the Bible; all along you find this
stream of grace flowing. The very last promise in the closing
chapter of Revelation, like the first promise in Eden, is a promise
of grace: "Whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely."
So the whole revelation, and the whole history of man is encircled
with grace, the free favor of God.

Some years ago when I was speaking on this subject, a friend sent me
the following: "By the grace of God I am what I am!" This is the
believer's eternal confession. Grace found him a rebel--it leaves
him a son. Grace found him wandering at the gates of hell--it leads
him through the gates of heaven. Grace devised the scheme of
Redemption: Justice never would; Reason never could. And it is grace
which carries out that scheme. No sinner would ever have sought his
God but 'by grace.' The thickets of Eden would have proved Adam's
grave, had not grace called him out. Saul would have lived and died
the haughty self-righteous persecutor had not grace laid him low.
The thief would have continued breathing out his blasphemies, had
not grace arrested his tongue and tuned it for glory.

"'Out of the knottiest timber,' says Rutherford, 'He can make
vessels of mercy for service in the high palace of glory.'"

"'I came, I saw, I conquered,' says Toplady, 'may be inscribed by
the Saviour on every monument of grace.' 'I came to the sinner; I
looked upon him; and with a look of omnipotent love, I conquered.'"

My friend, we would have been this day wandering stars, to whom is
reserved the blackness of darkness--Christless--hopeless
--portionless--had not grace invited us, and grace constrained us.


RESTRAINING GRACE.

It is grace which, at this moment, keeps us. We have often been a
Peter--forsaking our Lord, but brought back to him again. Why not a
Demas or a Judas? 'I have prayed for thee that thy faith fail not.'
Is not this our own comment and reflection on life's retrospect?
'Yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.'

Oh, let us seek to realize our continual dependence on this grace
every moment! 'More grace! more grace!' should be our continual cry.
But the infinite supply is commensurate with the infinite need. The
treasury of grace, though always emptying is always full: the key of
prayer which opens it is always at hand: and the almighty Almoner of
the blessings of grace is always waiting to the gracious. The
recorded promise never can be canceled or reversed--'My grace is
sufficient for thee.'

Let us seek to dwell much on this inexhaustible theme. The grace of
God is the source of minor temporal as well as of higher spiritual
blessings.

It accounts for the crumb of daily bread as well as for the crown of
eternal glory. But even in regard to earthly mercies, never forget
the channel of grace through Christ Jesus. It is sweet thus to
connect every (even the smallest and humblest) token of providential
bounty with Calvary's Cross--to have the common blessings of life
stamped with the print of the nails; it makes them doubly precious
to think this flows from Jesus. Let others be contented with the
uncovenanted mercies of God. Be it ours to say as the children of
grace and heirs of glory--'Our Father which art in heaven, give us
this day our daily bread.' Nay, reposing in the all-sufficiency in
all things, promised by 'the God of all grace.'



CHAPTER II.


SAVED BY GRACE ALONE.


I WANT to call your special attention to the fact that we are saved
by grace alone, not by works _and_ grace. A great many people think
that they can be saved by works. Others think that salvation may be
attained by works and grace together. They need to have their eyes
opened to see that the gift of God is free and apart from works.
"For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of
yourselves, it is the gift of God. Not of works, lest any man should
boast." Many people would put it thus: "For by your works are ye
saved,--or by your tears, or your prayers, or your fastings, or your
trials, or your good resolutions, or your money!" But Paul tells us
plainly that it is "not of works, lest any man should boast." If we
could be saved by works, then of course Christ's mission to this
world was a mistake. There was no need for Him to come.

What had Paul ever done that could merit salvation? Up to the time
that Christ called him he had done everything he could against
Christ and against Christianity. He was in the very act of going to
Damascus to cast into prison every Christian he could find. If he
had not been stopped, many of them would probably have been put to
death. It was Paul, you remember, who cheered on the mob that stoned
Stephen. Yet we find that when Christ met him He dealt in grace with
him. No apostle says so much against salvation by works _before_ the
cross, as Paul; and none says so much about works _after_ the cross.
He put works in their right place. I have very little sympathy with
any man who has been redeemed by the precious blood of the Son of
God, and who has not got the spirit of work. If we are children of
God we ought not to have a lazy drop of blood in our veins. If a man
tells me that he has been saved, and does not desire to work for the
honor of God, I doubt his salvation. Laziness belongs to the old
creation, not to the new. In all my experience I never knew a lazy
man to be converted--never. I have more hope of the salvation of
drunkards, and thieves, and harlots, than of a lazy man.


WHAT THE THIRTY-NINE ARTICLES SAY.

I find some people have accused me of teaching heresy, because I say
salvation is all of grace. I remember once, a clergyman said I was
teaching false doctrine because I said salvation was all of grace.
He said that works had as much to do with our salvation as grace. At
that time I had never read the Thirty-Nine Articles; if I had I
should have been ready to meet him. I got the Prayer Book, and
looked through the Thirty-Nine Articles; and I found, to my
amazement, that they put it a good deal stronger than I had done.


Let us hear what they say--

"XI. _Of the Justification of Man._ We are accounted righteous
before God, only for the merit of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
by Faith, and not for our own works or deservings: Wherefore, that
we are justified by Faith only, is a most wholesome doctrine, and
very full of comfort."

"XII. _Of Good Works._ Albeit that Good Works, which are the fruits
of Faith, and follow after Justification, cannot put away our sins,
and endure the severity of God's judgment; yet are they pleasing and
acceptable to God in Christ, and do spring out necessarily of a true
and lively Faith; insomuch that by them a lively Faith may be as
evidently known as a tree discerned by the fruit."

"XIII. _Of Works Before Justification._ Works done before the grace
of Christ, and the inspiration of His Spirit, are not pleasant to
God; forasmuch as they spring not of faith in Jesus Christ, neither
do they make men meet to receive grace, or (as the school-authors
say) deserve grace of congruity: yea rather, for that they are not
done as God hath willed and commanded them to be done, we doubt not
but they have the nature of sin."

That is stronger than I ever put it. These Articles say of works
before justification that "they have the nature of sin." I never
called them sin! So you see this is not any new doctrine that we are
preaching. When the church and the world wake up to the fact that
works before salvation go for nought, _then_--and not till then, I
believe--men will come flocking into the kingdom of God by hundreds.
We work from the cross, not to it. WE work because we are saved, not
in order to be saved. We work from salvation, not up to it.
Salvation is the gift of God.

You have heard the Prayer Book: now hear paul; "Abraham believed
God; and it was counted unto him for righteousness. Now to him that
worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him
that worketh not, but believeth on Him that justifieth the ungodly,
his faith is counted for righteousness." Notice what the Apostle
says: "To him that worketh not." That is plain language, is it not?
I may perhaps startle some of you by saying that many of you have
been kept out of the kingdom of God by your good works. Nevertheless
it is true. If you put works in the place of faith, they become a
snare to you. It is "to him that worketh not, but believeth."

I freely admit salvation is worth working for; it is worth a man's
going round the world on his hands and knees, climbing its
mountains, crossing its valleys, swimming its rivers, going through
all manner of hardship in order to attain it. But we do not get it
in that way. Paul went through all the trials and hardships he had
to endure, because by the grace of God resting on him he was enabled
to do so.


PENANCE FOR SIN.

Would you insult the Almighty by offering Him the fruits of this
frail body to atone for sin? Supposing your Queen were to send me a
magnificent present, and I said to the royal messenger: "I certainly
should not like to accept this from Her Majesty without giving her
something in return." Suppose I should send her a penny! How would
the Queen feel, if I were to insult her in that way? And what have
we that we can offer to God in return for His free gift of
salvation? Less than nothing. We must come and take salvation in
God's way.

There is no merit in taking a gift. If a beggar comes to my house,
and asks for bread to eat, and I give him a loaf of bread, there is
no merit in his taking the bread. So if you experience the favor of
God, you have to take it as a beggar. Some one has said: "If you
come to God as a prince, you go away as a beggar: if you come as a
beggar, you go away as a prince." It is to the needy that God opens
the wardrobe of heaven, and brings out the robe of righteousness.

Paul says again: "If by grace, then is it no more of works:
otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it
no more grace: otherwise work is no more work." Paul is reasoning in
this way: that if I work for a gift or attempt to give money for it,
it ceases to be a gift. The only way to get a gift is to take it as
a gift.

An old man got up in one of our meetings and said, "I have been
forty-two years learning three things." I pricked up my ears at
that; I thought that if I could find out in about three minutes what
a man had taken forty-two years to learn, I should like to do it.
The first thing he said he had learned was that he could do nothing
towards his own salvation. "Well," said I to myself, "that is worth
learning." The second thing he had found out was that God did not
require him to do anything. Well, that was worth finding out too.
And the third thing was that the Lord Jesus Christ had done it all,
that salvation was finished, and that all he had to do was to _take_
it. Dear friends, let us learn this lesson; let us give up our
struggling and striving, and accept salvation at once.


A FREE PARDON.

I was preaching in the Southern States a few years ago; and the
minister called my attention to one of the elders in his Church. He
said: When the civil war broke out, that man was in one of the far
Southern States, and he enlisted into the Southern army. He was
selected by the Southern General as a spy, and sent to spy out the
Northern army. As you know, armies have no mercy on spies, if they
can catch them. This man was caught. He was tried by court-martial,
and ordered to be shot. While he was in the guard-room, previous to
the time of execution, the Northern soldiers used to bring him his
rations. Every time they came to his cell he would call Abraham
Lincoln by every vile epithet he could think of. It seemed as though
he "lay awake nights" trying to study such names. At last the
soldiers got so angry that they said they would be glad when the
bullet went through his heart. Some of them even said they would
like to put a bullet through him; and if they were not obliged by
military order to feed him, they would let him starve in the prison.
They thought that was what he deserved for talking so unjustly of
Lincoln.

One day while he was in the prison, waiting to be led out to
execution, a Northern officer came to the cell. The prisoner, full
of rage, thought his time was come to be shot. The officer opened
the prison door, and handed him a free pardon from Abraham Lincoln!
He told him he was at liberty; he could go to his wife and children!
The man who had before been so full of bitterness, and malice, and
rage, suddenly quieted down, and said, "What! has Abraham Lincoln
pardoned me? For what? I never said a good word about him." The
officer said, "If you had what you deserved you would be shot. But
some one interceded for you at Washington and obtained your pardon;
you are now at liberty." The minister, as he told me, said that this
act of undeserved kindness quite broke the man's heart and led to
his conversion. Said the minister, "You let any man speak one word
against Abraham Lincoln now in the hearing of that man, and see what
will happen. There is not a man in all the Republic of America, I
believe, who has a kinder feeling towards our late President than
he."

Now that is grace. The man did not _deserve_ a pardon. But this is
exactly what grace is: _undeserved mercy_. You may have been a rebel
against God up to this very hour; but if you acknowledge your
rebellion, and are willing to take the mercy that God offers, you
can have it freely. It is there for every soul on the face of the
earth. "The grace of God that bringeth salvation to all men hath
appeared." Thank God for that! Salvation by grace is for all men. If
we are lost, it will not be because God has not provided a Saviour,
but because we spurn the gift of God--because we dash the cup of
salvation from us.

What says Christ? You remember that when He was on earth, they came
to Him and asked what they should do to work the works of God. He
had been telling them to labor not for the bread that perisheth, but
for the meat that endureth unto everlasting life. Then they asked
Him, "What shall we do that we may work the works of God?" What did
Jesus tell them to do? Did He tell them to go and feed the hungry,
to clothe the naked, to visit the widow and the fatherless in their
affliction? Perhaps you may say that, according to Scripture, is
"pure and undefiled religion." Granted; but something comes before
that. That is all right and necessary in its place. But when these
men wanted to know what they had to do to inherit eternal life,
Jesus said: "This is the work of God, that ye believe on Him whom He
hath sent."


YOU CAN BELIEVE.

A friend lately called my attention to the fact that God has put the
offer of salvation in such a way that the whole world can lay hold
of it. All men can believe. A lame man might not perhaps be able to
visit the sick; but he can believe. A blind man by reason of his
infirmity cannot do many things; but he can believe. A deaf man can
believe. A dying man can believe. God has put salvation so simply
that the young and the old, the wise and the foolish, the rich and
the poor, can all believe if they will.

Do you think that Christ would have come down from heaven, would
have gone to Gethsemane and to Golgotha, would have suffered as He
did, if man could have worked his way up to heaven?--if he could
have merited salvation by his own efforts? I think if you give five
minutes' consideration to this question you will see, that if man
could have saved himself Christ need not have suffered at all.
Remember, too, what Christ says: "He that climbeth up some other
way, the same is a thief and a robber." He has marked out the way to
God. He has opened up a new and shining way, and He wants us to take
_His_ way. Certainly the attempt to work our way up to heaven is
"climbing up some other way," is it not? If ever a man did succeed
in working his way into heaven we should never hear the last of it!
I have got so terribly sick of these so-called "self-made men."
There are some men whom you cannot approach without hearing them
blow their trumpet, saying, "I am a self-made man. I came here a
poor man ten years ago; and now I am rich." It is all I--I--I! They
go on boasting, and telling what wonderful beings they are! There is
one thing that is excluded from the kingdom of heaven; and that
is--boasting. If you and I ever get there it will be by the sovereign
grace of God. There will be no credit due to ourselves.


   "Saved by grace alone!
      This is all my plea:
   Jesus died for all mankind,
      And Jesus died for me."



CHAPTER III.


POSSESSING, AND "WORKING OUT."


I CAN imagine some one asking: What does that passage mean--"Work
out your own salvation with fear and trembling?" Well, I want you to
emphasize the word _your:_ "Work out _your_ salvation." That is most
important. You hear people talk of working out salvation, when all
the time they have not got it. How can you work out what you do not
possess? Paul is here writing to the Christians at Philippi. They
were already saved by the grace of God. Now that they had got this
wonderful gift, he says: "Go, work it out." When you see a person
working for salvation, you may know that he has got a false idea of
the teaching of the Scripture. We have salvation as a gift; and of
course we cannot get it by working for it. It is our appreciation of
this gift that makes us work.

Many people are working and working, as Rowland Hill says, like
children on a rocking horse--it is a beautiful motion, but there is
no progress. Those who are working for salvation are like men on a
treadmill, going round, and round, and round; toiling, and toiling,
and toiling; but nothing comes of it all. There is no progress, and
there cannot be until you have the motive power within, till the
breath of life comes from God, which can alone give you power to
work for others.

Suppose I say to my son: "You are going away from home; and I want
you to be very careful how you spend that $500." "Well," he says,
"if you will give me $500, I will be careful about it; but how can I
be careful in spending what I have not got?" And so, unless you have
salvation, you cannot work it out.

Take another illustration. One summer my boy asked me to give him a
piece of ground that he might have a garden all to himself. I said I
would give it to him; but that I expected he would keep it clear of
weeds, and use it in some way that would make it pleasant and
profitable to him. He was to work out the piece of land; but he
could not do that until I had given it to him. Neither was it his
working it out that secured him the garden. I gave it to him freely,
apart from any merit of his own; but I did so on the understanding
that he should employ it to the best advantage. I think that is a
fair illustration of our working out the salvation that God has
given us.

Of course these illustrations fail in some points. I could not
impart to my son the willingness to work out the piece of land,
though I could provide him with all the necessary implements. God
not only gives us salvation freely, but he gives us the power to
work it out.

A writer says on this point: "Paul does not command the Philippians
_to save themselves_. There was no thought in his mind of any
meritorious self-righteousness. Man can by no work of his own either
procure salvation or merit salvation. God worketh the salvation
_within_ the soul--man only worketh that salvation _out_ in the
Christian life. To break off from known sin; to renounce all
self-righteousness; to cast ourselves in loving faith on the merits of
Christ crucified; to commence at once a life of self-denial, of
prayer, of obedience; to turn from all that God forbids, resolutely
and earnestly, unto all that God requires--this is what the text
implies. But then this is not salvation. Salvation is of God--of
grace--of free grace. From the germ to the fruit, from foundation to
top-stone--it is of grace, free grace, altogether and only. But the
'_working out of salvation_'--is _man's part_ in the work of
salvation. God will not repent for the man; nor believe for the man;
nor lead a holy life for the man. God worketh inwardly--man worketh
outwardly. And this outward human work is as necessary as the inward
Divine work."

God works in us; and then we work _for_ Him. If He has done a work
in us, we certainly ought to go and work for others. A man must have
this salvation, and must know it, before he can work for the
salvation of others.

Many of you have tried hard to save yourselves; but what has been
the end of it all? I remember a lady in the North of England who
became quite angry when I made this remark publicly: "No one in this
congregation will be saved till they stop trying to save
themselves." Down she came from the gallery, and said to me: "You
have made me perfectly miserable." "Indeed," I said, "how is that?"
"Why, I always thought that if I kept on trying, God would save me
at some time; and now you tell me to stop trying: what, then, am I
to do?" "Why, let the Lord save you." She went off in something like
a rage. It is not always a bad sign when you see a man or a woman
wake up cross, if it is the Word of God that wakes them up. A day or
two afterwards she came and thanked me. She said she had been
turning over in her mind what I had said; and at last the truth
dawned upon her, that though she had worked long, though she had
formed a good many resolutions, she had made no progress. So she
gave up the struggle; and then it was that the Lord Jesus saved her.

I want to ask you this question: If sin needs forgiveness--and all
sin is against God--how can you work out your own forgiveness? If I
stole $100 from a friend, I could not forgive myself, could I? No
act of mine would bring about forgiveness, unless my friend forgave
me. And so, if I want forgiveness of sin, it must be the work of
God. If we look at salvation as a new life, it must be the work of
God. God is the author of life: you cannot give yourself life. If we
consider it as a gift, it must come from some one outside of
ourselves. That is what I read in the Bible--Salvation as a gift.
While I am speaking, you can make up your mind that you will stop
trying, and take this gift.

I wish I could get this whole audience to drop the word _try_, and
put the word _trust_ in its place. The forgiving grace of God is
wonderful. He will save you this very minute, if you are willing to
be saved. He delights in mercy. He wants to show that mercy to every
soul. The religion of Christ is not man working his way up to God;
it is God coming down to man. It is Christ coming down to the pit of
sin and woe where we are, bringing us out of the pit, putting our
feet upon a rock, and a new song in our mouth. He will do it this
minute, while I am speaking, if you will let Him. Will you let Him?
That is the question.

I do not believe much in dreams; but they sometimes illustrate a
point. I heard about a woman who had been trying for a long time,
just like many of you, to be better and better. She tried to save
herself, but made no progress. One night she fell asleep in a very
troubled state of mind, and she had a dream. She thought that she
was in a pit striving to get out--climbing and slipping, climbing
and slipping, climbing and slipping; at last she gave up the
struggle, and laid herself down at the bottom of the pit to die. She
happened to look up, and she saw through the mouth of the pit a
beautiful star. She fixed her eye on it; and it seemed as if the
star lifted her up till she was almost out. But the thought of
herself came to her mind; she looked off at the sides of the pit:
immediately she lost sight of the star, and down to the bottom of
the pit she went. Again she fixed her eye on the star; and again it
seemed to lift her almost out. But once again she took her eye off
the star, and looked at herself; down into the pit she fell again!
The third time she fixed her eye on the star and was lifted higher
and higher, until all at once her feet struck the ground above, and
she awoke from her sleep.

God taught her a lesson by the dream. She learned that if ever she
was to be saved, she must give up the struggle, and let Jesus Christ
save her. My friends, give up the struggle today! You have tried
long and hard. It has been a hard battle, has it not? Give it up;
and repose in the arms of Jesus Christ. Say "Lord, I come to thee as
a poor sinner; wilt Thou not save me and help me?" "The gift of God
is eternal life." It is offered to all: who will have it?

I see some children here: let me tell you a story. If you have not
heard it before, please do not forget it. A Sunday school teacher
wished to show his class how free the gift of God is. He took a
silver watch from his pocket one day, and offered it to the eldest
boy in the class. "It is yours, if you will take it." The little
fellow sat and grinned at the teacher. He thought he was joking. The
teacher offered it to the next boy, and said: "Take that watch: it
is yours." The little fellow thought he would be laughed at if he
held out his hand, and therefore he sat still. In the same way the
teacher went nearly round the class: but not one of them would
accept the proffered gift. At length he came to the smallest boy.
When the watch was offered to the little fellow, he took it and put
it into his pocket. All the class laughed at him. "I am thankful, my
boy," said the teacher, "that you believe my word. The watch is
yours. Take good care of it. Wind it up every night." The rest of
the class looked on in amazement; and one of them said: "Teacher,
you don't mean that the watch is his? You don't mean that he hasn't
to give it back to you?" "No," said the teacher, "he hasn't to give
it back to me. It is his own now." "Oh--h--h! if I had only known
that, wouldn't I have taken it!"

I see you laugh; but my friends you are laughing at yourselves. You
need not go far away to find these boys. Salvation is freely offered
to all, but the trouble is that men do not believe God's Word, and
do not accept the gift. Who will accept it now?

I found a few lines the other day on this point that I thought very
good. I will close with them:


   "I would not work my soul to save,
      For that my Lord hath done;
   But I would work like any slave,
      For love of God's dear Son."



CHAPTER IV.


GRACE ABOUNDING TO THE CHIEF OF SINNERS.


I WANT to lay emphasis on the fact that God desires to show mercy to
all. Christ's last command to His disciples was, "Go ye into _all_
the world and preach the Gospel to _every_ creature." There may be
some hearing me who have not received this grace, though it has
often been pressed on their acceptance. One reason why many do not
become partakers of this grace is that they think they can do better
without it. The Jews said they were the seed of Abraham. They had
Moses and the Law: therefore they had no need of the pardoning grace
of God that Christ had come to bring. We read in the book of
Revelation of a church that said it was "rich, and increased in
goods, and had need of nothing." That was the trouble when Christ
was down here. Instead of coming to Him to be blessed, the people
too often went away thinking and saying they had no need of His
favor and blessing.


THE TWO PRAYERS.

In the Gospel by Luke Christ brings two men before us. I do not know
that we can get any two cases in Scripture that will give us more
light on this subject than those of the Pharisee and the Publican,
who went into the temple to pray. One went away as empty as he came.
He was like the church described in Revelation, to which I have
referred. He went into the temple desiring nothing; and he got
nothing. The other man asked for something; he asked for pardon and
mercy. And he went down to his house justified.

Take the prayer of the Pharisee. There is no confession in it, no
adoration, no contrition, no petition. As I have said, he asked for
nothing and he got nothing. Some one has said that he went into the
temple not to pray but to boast. The sun and the moon were as far
apart as these two men. One was altogether of a different spirit to
the other. The one prayed with his head, and the other with his
heart. The one told God what a wonderfully great and good man he
was: "I am not as other men or even as this publican." His prayer
was not a long one; it consisted of thirty-four words; yet there
were five capital "I's" in it. It was self in the beginning, self in
the middle, self in the end--self all through. "'I fast twice a
week;' 'I give tithes of all I possess;' I am a wonderfully good
man, am I not, Lord?" He struck a balance twice a week, and God was
his debtor every time. He paraded his good deeds before God and man.
Such a one was not in a condition to receive the favor of God.

You can divide the human family to-day into two classes--pharisees
and publicans. There are those who are poor in spirit: the dew of
God's grace will fall upon them. There are others who are drawing
around them the rags of their self-righteousness: they will always
go away without the blessing of God. There were but seven words in
the prayer of the Publican: "God be merciful to me a sinner!" He
came to God confessing his sins, and asking for mercy; and he
received it.

If you were to run through Scripture, you would find that where men
have gone to God in the spirit of the Publican, He has dealt with
them in mercy and grace.

A young man came to one of our meetings in New York a few years ago.
He was convicted of sin; and he made up his mind he would go home
and pray. He lived a number of miles away, and he started for home.
On the way, as he was meditating about his sins and wondering what
he was going to do when he got home, the thought occurred to him:
"Why should I not pray right here in the street?" But he found he
did not know just how to begin. Then he remembered that when he was
a child, his mother had taught him this prayer of the Publican: "God
be merciful to me a sinner!" So he began just where he stood. He
said afterwards, that before he got to the little word "me," God met
him in grace, and blessed him. And so the moment we open our lips to
ask God for pardon, if the request comes from the heart, God will
meet us in mercy.

Let our cry be that of the Publican: "Be merciful _to me!_"--not to
some one else. A mother was telling me some time ago that she had
trouble with one of her sons, because he had not treated his brother
rightly. She sent him upstairs; and after awhile she asked him what
he had been doing. He replied that he had been _praying for his
brother!_ Although he had been the naughty one, he was acting as if
the fault lay with his brother instead of himself. So many of us can
see the failings of others readily enough but when we get a good
look at ourselves, we will get down before God as the Publican did
and cry for mercy: and that cry will bring an immediate answer. God
delights to deal in grace with the poor in spirit. He wants to see
in us a broken and contrite heart. If we take the place of a sinner,
confessing our sins and asking for mercy, the grace of God will meet
us right then and there; and we shall have the assurance of His
forgiveness.

In Matthew we see how God deals in grace with those who come in the
right spirit. "Then came she and worshipped Him, saying, Lord, help
me!" But he answered and said, "It is not meet to take the
children's bread, and to cast it to dogs." And she said, "Truth,
Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their master's
table." Then Jesus answered and said unto her, "O woman, great is
thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was
made whole from that very hour."

The disciples did not understand how full of grace was the heart of
Christ. This poor woman belonged to the far-off coasts of Tyre and
Sidon. She was a poor Gentile, and they wanted to send her away.
They thought she was not one of the elect; she did not belong to the
house of Israel. So they said to the Master, "Send her away, for she
crieth after us." Can you conceive of the loving Saviour sending
away a poor troubled one who comes to Him? I challenge you to find a
single instance of His doing such a thing, from the beginning to the
end of His ministry. Send her away! I believe He would rather send
an angel away than a poor suppliant for His mercy; He delighted to
have such as she come to Him. But He was going to test her, as well
as to give an object-lesson to those who should come after. "It is
not meet," He said, "to take the children's bread, and to cast it to
dogs."


A HUMBLE SPIRIT.

I am afraid if some of us had been in her place we would have
answered somewhat in this fashion: "You call me a Gentile dog, do
you? I would not take anything from you now if you were to give it
to me. Why, I know a Jewish woman who lives in my town. Though she
is a daughter of Abraham she is the meanest woman in the whole
street. I would not let my dogs associate with her." If this poor
woman had replied to the Master in such a fashion, she would not
have got anything. Yet you will find a good many men who respond to
the Saviour in that way when He wants to deal in grace with them.

What does this Gentile woman say? "Truth Lord; yet the dogs eat of
the crumbs which fall from their masters' table." She took her right
place down at the feet of the blessed Master. There was humility for
you! She was willing to take any place if the Lord would but meet
her need; the Lord blessed her. See asked for a crumb, and He gave
her a whole loaf!

I once heard Rev. William Arnot say that he was the guest of a
friend who had a favorite dog. The animal would come into the room
where the family were sitting at the dinner table and would stand
looking at his master. If the master threw him a crumb, the dog
would seize it before it got to the floor. But if he put the joint
of meat down on the floor the dog would look at it and leave it
alone, as if it were too good for him. "So," said Mr. Arnot, "there
are many Christians who are satisfied to live on crumbs, when God
wants to give them the whole joint."


A FULL BLESSING.

This poor woman got all she wanted; and if we will come in the right
spirit--if we are humble and poor in spirit--and call upon God for
what we want, He will not disappoint us. She went right to the Son
of God, and appealed to His great loving heart with the cry, "Lord
help me!" and he helped her. Let that cry go up to him today, and
see how quickly the answer will come. I never knew a case where God
did not answer right on the spot, where there was the spirit of
meekness. If on the other hand we are conceited, and think we have a
right to come, putting ourselves on an equality with God, we shall
get nothing.


"WORTHINESS."

In the Gospel by Luke we read of the centurion who had a sick
servant. He felt as though he were not worthy to go himself and ask
Christ to come to his house; so he asked some of his friends to
beseech the Master to come and heal his servant. They went and
delivered the centurion's message, saying, "He is worthy for whom
Thou shouldst do this: for he loveth our nation, and he hath built
us a synagogue." The Jews could not understand grace; so they
thought Christ would grant the request of this man, because he was
worthy. "Why," they said, "he hath built us a synagogue!" It is the
same old story that we hear to-day. Let a man give a few thousand
dollars to build a church and he must have the best pew; "he is
worthy." Perhaps he made his money by selling or making strong
drink; but he has put the Church under an obligation by this gift of
money, and he is considered "worthy." The same spirit was at work in
the days of Christ.

The Master immediately started for the centurion's house; and it
looked as though He were going because of his personal worthiness.
But if He had done so, it would have upset the whole story as an
illustration of grace. As the Saviour was on the way, out came the
Roman officer himself and told Jesus that he was not worthy to
receive Him under his roof. He had a very different opinion of
himself to that of his Jewish friends. Suppose he had said, "Lord,
you will be my guest; come and heal my servant because I am worthy:
I have built a synagogue." Do you think Christ would have gone? I do
not think he would. But he said, "I am not worthy that Thou shouldst
enter under my roof. Neither thought I myself worthy to come unto
Thee; but say in a word, and my servant shall be healed."

Jesus marveled at the man's faith. It pleased Him wonderfully to
find such faith and humility. Like the Syro-Phenician woman, he had
low thoughts of himself, and high thoughts of God: therefore he was
in a condition to receive the grace of God. His servant, we are
told, was healed that very hour. His petition was granted at once.
Let us learn a lesson from this man, and take a humble position
before God, crying to him for mercy; then help will come.


GREAT FORGIVENESS.

I never noticed till lately an interesting fact about the story of
the poor sinful woman mentioned in Luke's Gospel, who went into
Simon's house. If you have not observed it before, it will be quite
interesting for you to know it. The incident occurred immediately
after Christ had uttered those memorable words we read in Matthew:
"Come unto Me, all ye that labor and are heavy-laden, and I will
give you rest." Matthew closes the narrative there; but in the
seventh chapter of Luke you will find what the result of that
invitation was. A poor fallen woman came into the house where He
was, and obtained the blessing of rest to her soul. I think that
many ministers will bear me out in this statement, that when one has
preached to a large congregation, and has given an invitation to
those who would like to remain and talk about salvation, probably
the only one to do so is a poor fallen one, who will thus become a
partaker of the grace of God.

We find that the Saviour was invited to the house of Simon, a
Pharisee. While he was there, this poor sinful woman crept into the
house. Perhaps she watched for a chance when the servants were away
from the door, and then slipped into the room where the Master was.
She got down on her knees, and began to wash his feet with her
tears, wiping them with the hairs of her head. While the feast was
going on the Pharisee saw this; and he said to himself: "Jesus must
be a bad man, if He knows who this poor woman is. Even if He did not
know, He would be unclean according to the Mosaic law"--because he
had allowed the woman to touch Him. But the Master knew what Simon
was thinking about. He put some questions to him: "And Jesus
answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee.
And he saith, Master, say on. There was a certain creditor which had
two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty.
And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell
me therefore, which of them will love him most? Simon answered and
said, I suppose that he to whom he forgave most. And He said unto
him, Thou hast rightly judged."

Then He makes the application, "I came to your house," He says, "and
you gave me no water for my feet; you gave me no kiss; and no oil
for my head. You refused me the common hospitalities of life." In
those days when one went into a gentleman's house, a servant would
be at the door with a basin of water; the guest would slip off his
sandals, and the servant would wash his feet. Then the master of the
house would salute him with a kiss instead of shaking hands as we
do. There would also be oil for his head. Christ had been invited to
Simon's house; but the Pharisee had got Him there in a patronizing
spirit. "You gave me no water, no kiss, no oil; but this woman hath
washed my feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her
head: she hath not ceased to kiss my feet, and she hath anointed
them with ointment. She was forgiven much: and so she loves much."
To the poor woman herself Jesus said, "Thy sins are forgiven." They
may have risen up like a dark mountain before her; but one word from
the Saviour and they were all gone!

The spirit shown by Simon was altogether different from that of the
poor woman. Christ said that the publicans and harlots would go into
the kingdom of God before the self-righteous Pharisees! Simon, the
Pharisee, got nothing; and so there are many who go away from
religious meetings without one drop of heaven's dew, because they do
not seek for it. From the morning of the creation down to the
present time no man or woman ever went to God with a broken heart
without experiencing the forgiving love and grace of God, if they
believed His Word. It was so with this poor woman. Notice, the
Master did not extract any pledge or promise from her. He did not
ask her to join some synagogue; all He said was, "Thy sins are
forgiven thee." She found grace. So it was with the Syro-Phenician
woman. Christ did not ask any pledge from her; He met her in grace,
and blessed her according to her soul's desire.

You know what touched the heart of the father of the prodigal; it
was the broken and contrite spirit of his returning son. Would not
the same thing move the heart of any parent here? Suppose you had a
son who had gone astray: the boy comes home; and when you meet him
he begins to confess his sin. Would you not take him to your bosom
and forgive him? Nothing in the wide world would you more readily do
than forgive him. So if we come to God with this contrite spirit, He
will deal in grace with us and receive us freely, When Saul left
Jerusalem, there was nothing he wished for less than to receive the
grace of God. Yet the moment he said, "Lord, what wilt Thou have me
to do?" the forgiving grace of the Master flowed out towards him. We
are told by Matthew and Mark that the thief on the cross, who was
converted, railed on the Saviour at first like the other: but the
moment his heart was broken down and he said, "Lord, remember me!"
that very moment Christ heard and answered his prayer. God is
waiting to cover all your sins today; He has a long and a strong arm
that can reach down to the darkest, vilest, deepest depths of sin.
He will lift you up on a rock, and put a new song into your mouth.
Will you let him do it?

A man was telling me some time ago that he had prayed for over ten
years that God would have mercy upon him. "Has not God answered your
prayer?" "No." "Indeed! Let me ask you one question: suppose I
offered you that Bible as a gift, and you were afterwards to come
and ask me for it; what would I think of you?" "I do not know what
you would think." "Well, but what do you suppose I would think?"
"You would perhaps think I had gone a little wrong in my head."
"What is the use of your asking that God would deal in grace with
you, if you are not willing to receive it; or if you do not believe
that He gives it to you?"

When I was on the Pacific coast some years ago, I stayed with a
friend who had a large garden, with a great many orange trees. He
said to me: "Make yourself perfectly at home; if you see anything
you want just help yourself." When I wanted some oranges, I did not
go into the garden and pray to the oranges to tumble into my mouth;
I just put out my hand and took all I required. So it is with us.
Why should we go on asking and beseeching God to have mercy upon us,
when He has already given His Son, and given His Holy Spirit? What
we need is to have a broken and a contrite heart, and to be willing
to receive Him. The trouble with us is that we have locked the doors
of our hearts against Him.

There is a story that Dr. Arnot was accustomed to tell of a poor
woman who was in great distress because she could not pay her
landlord his rent. The Doctor put some money in his pocket and went
round to her house intending to help her. When he got there he
knocked at the door. He thought he heard some movement inside; but
no one came to open the door. He knocked louder and louder still;
but yet no one came. Finally he kicked at the door, causing some of
neighbors to look out and see what was going on. But he could get no
entrance; and at last he went away thinking his ears must have
deceived him, and that there was really no one there. A day or two
afterwards he met the woman in the street, and told her what had
happened. She held up her hands and exclaimed, "Was that you? I was
in the house all the while; but I thought it was the landlord, and I
had the door locked!"

Many people are keeping the door of their heart locked against the
Saviour in just the same way. They say "I am afraid I shall have to
give up so much." That is something like a ragged beggar being
unwilling to give up his rags, in order to get a new suit of good
clothes. I pity those people who are all the time looking to see
what they will have to give up. God wants to bestow His marvelous
grace on His people; and there is not a soul who has believed on
Jesus, for whom God has not abundance of grace in store. What would
you say of a man dying of thirst on the banks of a beautiful river,
with the stream flowing past his feet? You would think he was mad!
The river of God's grace flows on without ceasing; why should we not
partake of it, and go on our way rejoicing?

Do you say you are sinners? It is just to such as you that God's
grace is given. There was a sailor whose mother had long been
praying for him. I do think mothers' prayers are sure to be answered
some day. One night the memory of his mother came home to this man;
he thought of the days of his childhood, and made up his mind he
would try and lead a different life. When he got to New York he
thought he would join the Odd-fellows; he imagined that would be a
good way to begin. What miserable mistakes men make when they get
trying to save themselves! This man applied to a lodge of
Odd-fellows for admission; but the committee found that he was a
drinking man, and so they black-balled him. Then he thought he would
try the Freemasons; they discovered what sort of a man he was, and
they black-balled him too. One day he was walking along Fulton
Street, when he received an invitation to come to the daily
prayer-meeting held there. He went in, and heard about the Saviour; he
received Christ into his heart, and found the peace and power he
wanted. Some days after he stood up in the meeting and told the
story how the Odd-fellows had black-balled him; how the Freemasons
had black-balled him; and how he came to the Lord Jesus Christ, who
had not black-balled him, but took him right in. That is what Christ
will do to every poor penitent sinner. "This Man receiveth sinners."
Come to Him to-day, and He will receive you: His marvelous,
sovereign grace will cover and put away all your sins.

I am so glad that we have a Saviour who can save unto the very
uttermost. He can save the drunkard, the man who for years has been
the slave of his passions. I was talking to a friend not long ago,
who said that if a man had a father and a mother who were drunkards,
he would inherit the taste for drink, and that there was not much
chance of saving him. I want to say that there is a grand chance for
such men, if they will call upon Jesus Christ to save them. He is
able to destroy the very appetite for drink. He came to destroy the
works of the devil; and if this appetite for gin and whiskey is not
the work of the devil, I want to know what is. I do not know any
more terrible agency that the devil has got than this intoxicating
liquor.

An Englishman went out from England to Chicago, and became one of
the greatest drunkards in that city. His father and his mother were
drunkards before him. He said that when he was four years old, his
father took him into a public-house, and put the liquor to his lips.
By and by he got a taste for it; and for several years he was a
confirmed drunkard. He became what in America we call a "tramp." He
slept out of doors. One night, on the shore of a lake, he awoke from
his slumber, and began to call upon God to save him. There, at the
midnight hour, this poor, wretched, forlorn object got victory over
his sin. The last time I met him he had been nine-and-a-half years a
sober man. From that memorable midnight hour, he said, he had never
had any desire to touch or taste strong drink. God had kept him all
those years. I am so thankful we have a Gospel that we can carry
into the home of the drunkard, and tell him that Christ will save
him. That is the very thing He came to do.

Bunyan represents the power of grace, as shown by its first offer to
the Jerusalem sinners, the murderers of Christ, thus: "Repent, every
one of you: be baptized, every one of you, in His name, for the
remission of sins; and you shall, every one of you, receive the Holy
Ghost."

"But I was one of those who plotted to take away His life. May I be
saved by Him?"

"Every one of you."

"But I was one of those who bore false witness against Him. Is there
grace for me?"

"For every one of you."

"But I was one of those who cried out, Crucify Him! crucify Him! and
who desired that Barrabas, the murderer, might live, rather than He.
What will become of me, think you?"

"I am to preach repentance and remission of sins to every one of
you."

"But I was one of those who did spit in His face when He stood
before His accusers; I also was one that mocked Him when, in
anguish, He hung bleeding on the tree. Is there room for me?"

"For every one of you."

"But I was one of those who, in His extremity, said, Give Him gall
and vinegar to drink! Why may I not expect the same when pain and
anguish are upon me?"

"Repent of these thy wickednesses; and here is remission of sins for
every one of you."

"But I railed on Him; I reviled Him; I hated Him; I rejoiced to see
Him mocked at by others. Can there be hope for me?"

"There is; for every one of you."

Oh, what a blessed "Every-one-of-you" is here! How willing was Peter
and the Lord Jesus by the ministry of Peter--to catch these
murderers with the word of the Gospel, that they might be monuments
of the grace of God!

Now it is a solemn fact that every one who receives the offer of the
Gospel can lock and bolt the door of his heart, and say to the Lord
Jesus Christ he refuses to let Him in. But it is also a blessed
truth that you can unlock that door and say to Him, "Welcome! thrice
welcome, Son of God, into this heart of mine!" The question is: Will
you let Christ come in and save you? It is not a question of whether
He is able. Who will open their hearts, and let the Saviour come in?


   "There's a stranger at the door:
                 Let Him in!
   He has been there oft before:
                 Let Him in!
   Let Him in, ere He is gone;
   Let Him in, the Holy One,
   Jesus Christ, the Father's Son:
                 Let Him in!

   Open now to Him your heart:
                 Let Him in!
   If you wait He will depart:
                 Let Him in!
   Let Him in, He is your Friend;
   He your soul will sure defend;
   He will keep you to the end:
                 Let Him in!

   Hear you now His loving voice?
                 Let Him in!
   Now, oh now, make Him your choice:
                 Let Him in!
   He is standing at the door;
   Joy to you He will restore,
   And His name you will adore:
                 Let Him in!

   Now admit the heavenly Guest.
                 Let Him in!
   He will make for you a feast:
                 Let Him in!
   He will speak your sins forgiven,
   And when earth-ties all are riven,
   He will take you home to heaven,
                 Let Him in!"

_Rev. J. B Atchinson_



CHAPTER V.


LAW AND GRACE.


IN his Epistle to the Romans, Paul writes "For as by one man's
disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of One
shall many be made righteous. Moreover, the law entered that the
offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more
abound: that as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace
reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our
Lord."

Moses was the representative of the law. You remember that he led
the children of Israel through the wilderness, and brought them to
Jordan; but there he left them. He could take them up to the river,
which is a type of death and judgment; but Joshua (which means
Jesus--Saviour) led them right through death and judgment--through
the Jordan into the Promised Land. Here we have the difference
between Law and Grace; between the Law and the Gospel.

Take another illustration. John the Baptist was the last prophet of
the old dispensation--the last prophet under the law. You remember
that before Christ made His appearance at the Jordan, the cry of
John, day by day was, "Repent: for the kingdom of God is at hand!"
He thundered out the law. He took his hearers down to the Jordan and
baptized them. He put them in the place of death; and that was as
far as he could take them. But there was One coming after him who
could take them into the Promised Land. As Joshua led the people
through the Jordan into Canaan,--so Christ went down into the Jordan
of death, through death and judgment, on to resurrection ground.

If you run all through Scripture you will find that the law brings
to death. "Sin reigned unto death." A friend was telling me lately
that an acquaintance of his, a minister, was once called upon to
officiate at a funeral, in the place of a chaplain of one of Her
Majesty's prisons, who was absent. He noticed that only one solitary
man followed the body of the criminal to the grave. When the grave
had been covered, this man told the minister that he was an officer
of the law whose duty it was to watch the body of the culprit until
it was buried out of sight; that was "the end" of the British law.

And that is what the law of God does to the sinner; it brings him
right to death, and leaves him there. I pity deep down in my heart
those who are trying to save themselves by the law. It never has; it
never will; and it never can--save the soul. When people say they
are going to try and do their best, and so save themselves by the
law, I like to take them on their own ground. Have they, ever done
their very best? granting that there _might_ be a chance for them if
they had, was there ever a time when they could not have done a
little better? If a man wants to do his best, let him accept the
grace of God; that is the best thing that any man or woman can
possibly do.

But you will ask, What is the law given for? It may sound rather
strange, but it is given that it may stop every man's mouth. "We
know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are
under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world
may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law
there shall no flesh be justified in His sight; for by the law is
the knowledge of sin." The law shuts my mouth; grace opens it. The
law locks up my heart; grace opens it--and then the fountain of love
begins to flow out. When men get their eyes opened to see this
glorious truth, they will cease their constant struggle. They will
give up trying to work their way into the kingdom of God by the
deeds of the law. They will give themselves up for lost, and take
salvation as a free gift.

Life never came through the law. As some one has observed: When the
law was given, three thousand men lost life; but when grace and
truth came at Pentecost, three thousand obtained life. Under the
law, if a man became a drunkard the magistrates would take him out
and stone him to death. When the prodigal came home, grace met him
and embraced him. Law says, Stone him!--grace says, Embrace him! Law
says, Smite him!--grace says, Kiss him! Law went after him, and
bound him; grace said, loose him and let him go! Law tells me how
crooked I am; grace comes and makes me straight.

I pity those who are always hanging around Sinai, hoping to get life
there. I have an old friend in Chicago who is always lingering at
Sinai. He is a very good man; but I think he will have a different
story to tell when he gets home to heaven. He thinks I preach free
grace too much; and I must confess I do like to speak of the free
grace of God. This friend of mine feels as though he has a kind of
mission to follow me; and whenever he gets a chance he comes in with
the thunders of Sinai. I never yet met him but he was thundering
away from Horeb. The last time I was in Chicago, I said to him, "Are
you still lingering around Sinai?" "Yes," said he, "I believe in the
law." I have made inquiries, and I never heard of any one being
converted under his preaching: the effects have always dwindled and
died out. If the law is the door to heaven, there is no hope for any
of us. A perfect God can only have a perfect standard. He that
offends in one point is guilty of all: so "all have sinned and come
short of the glory of God."

Paul says to the Galatians: "Is the law then against the promises of
God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have
given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law. But
the Scripture hath concluded all under sin that the promise by faith
of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. But before
faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which
should afterwards be revealed. Wherefore the law was our
schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by
faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a
schoolmaster. For ye are all the children of God by faith in Jesus
Christ."


THE SOFTENING POWER OF GRACE.

So we see that the law cannot give life; all it can do is to bring
us to Him who is the life. The law is said to be "a schoolmaster."
Perhaps some of you do not know what a schoolmaster is. If you had
been under the same schoolmaster as I was when a boy you would have
known. He had a good cane and it was frequently in use. In the
little country district where I went to school, there were two
parties: for the sake of illustration we may call the one the "law"
party and the other the "grace" party. The law party said that boys
could not possibly be controlled without the cane: and they kept a
schoolmaster there who acted on their plan. The struggle went on,
and at last, on one election day, the law party was put out, and the
grace party ruled in their stead. I happened to be at the school at
that time; and I remember we said to each other that we were going
to have a grand time that winter. There would be no more corporal
punishment, and we were going to be ruled by love.

I was one of the first to break the rules of the school. We had a
lady teacher, and she asked me to stay behind. I thought the cane
was coming out again; and I was going to protest against it. I was
quite in a fighting mood. She took me alone. She sat down and began
to talk to me kindly. I thought that was worse than the cane; I did
not like it. I saw that she had not got any cane. She said: "I have
made up my mind that if I cannot control the school by love, I will
give it up. I will have no punishment; and if you love me, try and
keep the rules of the school." I felt something right here in my
throat. I was not one to shed many tears; but they would come--I
could not keep them back. I said to her, "You will have no more
trouble with me;" and she did not. I learned more that winter than
in the other three put together.

That was the difference between law and grace. Christ says, "If you
love Me, keep My commandments." He takes us out from under the law,
and puts us under grace. Grace will break the hardest heart. It was
the love of God that prompted Him to send His only-begotten Son into
the world that He might save it. I suppose the thief had gone
through his trial unsoftened. Probably the law had hardened his
heart. But on the cross no doubt that touching prayer of the
Saviour, "Father, forgive them!" broke his heart, so that he cried,
"Lord, remember me!" He was brought to ask for mercy. I believe
there is no man so far gone but the grace of God will melt his
heart.

It is told of Isaac T. Hopper, the Quaker, that he once encountered
a profane colored man, named Cain, in Philadelphia, and took him
before a magistrate, who fined him for blasphemy. Twenty years
after, Hopper met Cain, whose appearance was much changed for the
worse. This touched the Friend's heart. He stepped up, spoke kindly,
and shook hands with the forlorn being. "Dost thou remember me,"
said the Quaker, "how I had thee fined for swearing?"

"Yes, indeed, I do: I remember what I paid as well as if it was
yesterday."

"Well, did it do thee any good?"

"No, never a bit: it made me mad to have my money taken from me."

Hopper invited Cain to reckon up the interest on the fine, and paid
him principal and interest too. "I meant it for thy good, Cain; and
I am sorry I did thee any harm."

Cain's countenance changed; the tears rolled down his cheeks. He
took the money with many thanks, became a quiet man, and was not
heard to swear again.


PEACE, GRACE AND GLORY.

So there is a great deal of difference between law and grace. "Being
justified by faith we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus
Christ; by whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein
we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God." There are three
precious things here: peace for the past; grace for the present; and
glory for the future. There is no peace until we see the finished
work of Jesus Christ--until we can look back and see the Cross of
Christ between us and our sins. When we see that Jesus was "the end
of the law for righteousness;" that He "tasted death for every man;"
that He "suffered the Just for the unjust"--then comes peace. Then
there is "the grace wherein we now stand." There is plenty of grace
for us as we need it day by day, and hour by hour.

Then there is glory for the time to come. A great many people seem
to forget that the best is before us. Dr. Bonar says that everything
before the true believer is "glorious." This thought took hold of my
soul; and I began to look the matter up, and see what I could find
in Scripture that was glorious hereafter. I found that the kingdom
we are going to inherit is glorious: our crown is to be a "crown of
glory;" the city we are going to inhabit is the city of the
glorified; the songs we are to sing are the songs of the glorified;
we are to wear garments of "glory and beauty;" our society will be
the society of the glorified; our rest is to be "glorious;" the
country to which we are going is to be full of "the glory of God and
of the Lamb." There are many who are always looking on the backward
path, and mourning over the troubles through which they have passed;
they keep lugging up the cares and anxieties they have been called
on to bear, and are forever looking at them. Why should we go
reeling and staggering under the burdens and cares of life when we
have such prospects before us?

If there is nothing but glory beyond, our faces ought to shine
brightly all the time. If a skeptic were to come up here and watch
the countenances of the audience he would find many of you looking
as though there was anything but glory before you. Many a time it
seems to me as if I were at a funeral, people look so sad and
downcast. They do not appear to know much of the joy of the Lord.
Surely if we were looking right on to the glory that awaits us, our
faces would be continually lit up with the light of the upper world.
We can preach by our countenances if we will. The nearer we draw to
that glory-land, where we shall be with Christ--the more peace, and
joy, and rest we ought to have. If we will but come to the throne of
grace, we shall have strength to bear all our troubles and trials.
If you were to take all the afflictions that flesh is heir to and
put them right on any one of us, God has grace enough to carry us
right through without faltering.

Some one has compiled the following, which beautifully describes the
contrast between law and grace:

The Law was given by Moses.

Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.

The Law says--This do, and thou shalt live.

Grace says--Live, and then thou shalt do.

The Law says--Pay me that thou owest.

Grace says--I frankly forgive thee all.

The Law says--The wages of sin is death.

GRACE says--The gift of God is eternal life.

The Law says--The soul that sinneth, it shall die.

Grace says--Whosoever believeth in Jesus, though he were dead, yet
shall he live; and whosoever liveth and believeth in Him shall never
die.

The Law pronounces--Condemnation and death.

Grace proclaims--Justification and life.

The Law says--Make you a new heart and a new spirit.

Grace says--A new heart will I give you, and a new spirit will I put
within you.

The Law says--Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things
which are written in the book of the law to do them.

Grace says--Blessed is the man whose iniquities are forgiven, whose
sin is covered; blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute
iniquity.

The Law says--Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart,
and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength.

Grace says--Herein is love: not that we love God, but that He loved
us, and sent His Son to be the propitiation for our sins.

The Law speaks of what man must do for God.

Grace tells of what Christ has done for man.

The Law addresses man as part of the old creation.

Grace makes a man a member of the new creation.

The Law bears on a nature prone to disobedience.

Grace creates a nature inclined to obedience.

The Law demands obedience by the terror of the Lord.

Grace beseeches men by the mercies of God.

The Law demands holiness.

Grace gives holiness.

The Law says--Condemn him.

Grace says--Embrace him.

The Law speaks of priestly sacrifices offered year by year
continually, which could never make the comers thereunto perfect.

Grace says--But this _Man_, after he had offered _one_ sacrifice for
sins forever . . . by one offering hath perfected forever them that
are sanctified.

The Law declares--That as many as have sinned in the Law, shall be
judged by the Law.

Grace brings eternal peace to the troubled soul of every child of
God, and proclaims _God's_ salvation in defiance of the accusations
of the adversary. "He that heareth My word, and believeth on Him
that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into
judgment (condemnation), but is passed from death unto life."

   "Whence to me this tranquil spirit--
      Me all sinful as I am?
   Is it thus descends the merit
      Of the sin-atoning Lamb?
   Grace, all power to deliver,
   Gift of a Creative Giver,
   Like a full, refreshing river,
                       Ever flowing.

   Over all my course of sinning
      Spread its waters without bound,
   Cleansing, fertilizing, winning
      For the Lord the barren ground.
   Lavish from the heavenly treasure,
   Fountains of a Father's pleasure,
   All the marks of human measure
                       Overflowing.

   Not my virtue or repenting
      Earned the precious boon for me.
   Thine, my Saviour, the relenting,
      Thine the pangs which set me free--
   Gift of grace beyond all knowing,
   From the heart of Jesus flowing,
   Ever flowing, overflowing,
                       Flowing freely."



CHAPTER VI.


GRACE FOR LIVING.


NOW we come to a very important part of our subject--Grace for
living. One of the saddest things in the present day is the fact
that so many professed Christians have no spiritual power. They bear
no testimony for Christ. There are so few who can go to the homes of
the sick and read the Bible to them, pray with them, and minister
comfort to their souls. How few can go to the abode of the drunkard,
and tell him of Christ's power to save! How few there are who are
wise in winning souls to Christ!

It is the low spiritual state of so many in the Church of Christ
that is the trouble. We are not living up to our privileges. As you
go through the streets of London you will see here and there the
words, "Limited Company." There are many Christians who practically
limit the grace of God. It is like a river flowing by; and we can
have all we need: but if we do not come and get a continual supply,
we cannot give it out to others.

Mother! father! are you not longing to see your children won to
Christ? What is the trouble? Is it the fault of the minister? I
believe that though ministers were to preach like angels, if there
is a low standard of Christian life in the home, there will be
little accomplished. What we want, more than anything else, is more
grace in our lives, in our business affairs, in our homes, in our
daily walk and conversation. I cannot but believe that the reason of
the standard of Christian life being so low, is that we are living
on stale manna. You know what I mean by that. So many people are
living on their past experience--thinking of the grand times they
had twenty years ago, perhaps when they were converted. It is a sure
sign that we are out of communion with God if we are talking more of
the joy, and peace, and power, we had in the past, than of what we
have to-day. We are told to "grow in grace;" but a great many are
growing the wrong way.

You remember the Israelites used to gather the manna fresh every
day: they were not allowed to store it up. There is a lesson here
for us Christians. If we would be strong and vigorous, we must go to
God daily and get grace. A man can no more take in a supply of grace
for the future than he can eat enough to-day to last him for the
next six months; or take sufficient air into his lungs at once to
sustain life for a week to come. We must draw upon God's boundless
stores of grace from day to day, as we need it.

I knew a man who lived on the banks of Lake Erie. He had pipes laid
to his house from the lake; and when he wanted water, all he had to
do was to turn the tap and the water flowed in. If the Government
had presented him with the lake, he would not have known what to do
with it. So we may say that if God were to give us grace enough for
a lifetime, we should not know how to use it. He has given us the
privilege of drawing on Him day by day--not "forty days after
sight." There is plenty of grace in the bank of heaven; we need not
be afraid of its becoming exhausted.

We are asked to come _boldly_ to the throne of grace--as sons to a
father--that we may find grace. You have noticed that a son is very
much more bold in his father's house than if he were simply a
servant. A good many Christians are like servants. If you go into a
house, you can soon tell the difference between the family and the
servants. A son comes home in the evening; he goes all over the
house--perhaps talks about the letters that have come in, and wants
to know all that has been going on in the family during his absence.
It is very different with a servant, who perhaps does not leave the
kitchen or the servants' hall all day except when duty requires it.

Suppose some one had paid a million dollars into the bank in your
name, and had given you a check-book so that you could draw out just
as you wanted: would you go to work and try to live on ten dollars a
month? Yet that is exactly what many of us are doing as Christians.
I believe this low standard of Christian life in the Church is doing
more to manufacture infidels than all the skeptical books that were
ever written.

Hear what the Apostle says: "My God shall supply _all_ your need."
Look at these words carefully. It does not say He will supply all
your _wants_. There are many things we want that God has not
promised to give. It is "your _need_" and "_all_ your need." My
children often want many things they do not get; but I supply all
they need, if it is in my power to give it to them. I do not supply
all their wants by any means. My boy would probably want to have me
give him a horse; when I know that what he really needs, perhaps, is
grace to control his temper. Our children might want many things
that it would be injurious for them to have. And so, though God may
withhold from us many things that we desire, He will supply all our
need. There can come upon us no trouble or trial in this life, but
God has grace enough to carry us right through it, if we will only
go to Him and get it. But we must ask for it day by day. "As thy
days, so shall thy strength be."

I met a man once in Scotland who taught me a lesson that I shall
never forget. A Christian friend wanted me to go and have a talk
with him. He had been bedridden for many years. This afflicted saint
comforted me and told me some wonderful things. He had fallen and
broken his back when he was about fifteen years of age, and had lain
there on his bed for some forty years. He could not be moved without
a good deal of pain, and probably not a day has passed all those
years without suffering. If any one had told him he was going to lie
there and suffer for forty years, probably he would have said he
could not do it. But day after day the grace of God has been granted
to him; and I declare to you it seemed to me as if I were in the
presence of one of God's most highly-favored children. It seemed
that when I was in that man's chamber, I was about as near heaven as
I could get on this earth. Talk about a man's face shining with the
glory of the upper world! I very seldom see a face that shines as
did his. I can imagine that the very angels when they are passing
over the city on some mission of mercy, come down into that man's
chamber to get refreshed. There he has been lying all these years,
not only without a murmur, but rejoicing all the while.

I said to him: "My friend, does the devil never tempt you to doubt
God, and to think He is a hard master?" "Well now," he said, "that
is just what he tries to do. Sometimes, as I look out of the window
and see people walking along in health, Satan whispers: 'If God is
so good, why does He keep you here all these weary years? Why, if He
loved you, instead of lying here and being dependent on others, you
might now have been a rich man, and riding in your own carriage.'"
"What do you do when the devil tempts you?" "Oh, I just take him up
to the Cross; and he had such a fright there eighteen hundred years
ago, that he cannot stand it; and he leaves me." I do not think that
bedridden saint has much trouble with doubts; he is so full of
grace.

And so if we will only come boldly to God, we shall get all the help
and strength we need. There is not a man or woman alive but may be
kept from falling, if they will let God hold them up in His almighty
arms.

There is a story in the history of Elisha the prophet that I am very
fond of; most of you are familiar with it. Sometimes we meet with
people who hesitate to accept Christ, because they are so afraid
they will not hold out. You remember there was a young prophet who
died and left a widow with two little boys. It has been said that
misfortunes do not come singly, but in battalions. This woman had
not only lost her husband, but a creditor was going to take her boys
and sell them into slavery. That was a common thing in those days.
The widow went and told Elisha all about it. He asked her what she
had in the house. Nothing, she said, but a pot of oil. It was a very
hard case.

Elisha told her to go home and borrow all the vessels she could. His
command was: "Borrow not a few." I like that. She took him at his
word, and borrowed all the vessels her neighbors would lend to her.
I can imagine I see the woman and her two sons going from house to
house asking the loan of their vessels. No doubt there were a good
many of the neighbors who were stretching their necks, and wondering
what it all meant; just as we sometimes find people coming into the
inquiry-room to see what is going on. If this woman had been like
some modern skeptics, she would have thought it very absurd for the
prophet to bid her do such a thing; she would have asked what good
could come of it. But faith asks no questions: so she went and did
what the man of God told her to do. I can see her going up one side
of the street knocking at every door and asking for empty vessels.
"How many do you want?" "All you can spare." There are the two sons
carrying the great vessels; some of them perhaps nearly as large as
the boys themselves. It was hard work. When they had finished one
side of the street, they went down the other. "Borrow not a few,"
she had been told; so she went on asking for as many as she could
get. If there were as much gossip in those days as there is now, all
the people in the street would have been talking about her. Why,
this woman and her boys have been carrying vessels into the house
all day; what can be the matter?

But now they have all the vessels the neighbors would lend. She
locks the door; and she says to one of the boys, "James, you are the
younger; bring me the empty vessels. John, you are the stronger;
when, I have filled them you take them away." So she began to pour.
Perhaps the first vessel was twice as big as the one she poured
from; but it was soon filled: and she kept on pouring into vessel
after vessel. At last her son says, "Mother, this is the last one;"
and we are told that the oil was not stayed till the last vessel was
full.

Dear friends, bring your empty vessels; and God will fill them. I
venture to say that the eyes of those boys sparkled as they saw this
beautiful oil, fresh from the hand of the Creator. The woman went
and told the man of God what had happened; he said to her, "Go, sell
the oil, and pay thy debt; and live thou and thy children off the
rest." That is grace for the present, and for the future. "As thy
days so shall thy strength be." You will have grace not only to
cover all your sins, but to carry you right into glory. Let the
grace of God into your heart; and He will bring you safely through.

Let me close by quoting the words of an old prayer: "God give us
grace to see our need of grace; give us grace to ask for grace; give
us grace to receive grace; give us grace to use the grace we have
received."

   "Grace taught my soul to pray,
      And pardoning love to know;
   'Twas grace that kept me to this day,
      And will not let me go.

   Grace all the work shall crown,
      Through everlasting days;
   It lays in heaven the topmost stone,
      And well deserves the praise!"



CHAPTER VII.


GRACE FOR SERVICE.


"FOR the grace of God that bringeth salvation to all men hath
appeared; teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts,
we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present
world; looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of
the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ, who gave Himself for us,
that He might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto Himself a
peculiar people, zealous of good works."

In this wonderful passage we see grace in a threefold aspect: grace
that bringeth salvation; grace for holy living; and grace for
service. I have had three red-letter days in my experience: the
first was, when I was converted; the next was when I got my lips
opened, and I began to confess Christ; the third was, when I began
to work for the salvation of others.

I think there are a great many who have got to the first stage; some
have got to the second; very few have got to the third. This is the
reason, I believe, why the world is not reached.

Many say they are anxious to "grow in grace." I do not think they
ever will, until they go out into the harvest field and begin to
work for others. We are not going to have the grace we need to
qualify us for work until we launch out into the deep, and begin to
use the abilities and the opportunities we already possess. Many
fold their arms, and wait for the grace of God to come to them; but
we do not get it in that way. When we "go forward," then it is that
God meets us with His Grace.

If Moses had stayed in Horeb until he got the grace he needed, he
never would have started for Egypt at all. But when he had set out,
God met him in the way and blessed him day by day as he needed. Many
grow discouraged because there is a little opposition; but if we are
going to work for God we must expect opposition. No real work was
ever done for God without opposition. If you think that you are
going to have the approval of a godless world, and of cold
Christians, as you launch out into the deep with your net, you are
greatly mistaken. A man said to me some time ago, that when he was
converted he commenced to do some work in connection with the
Church; he was greatly discouraged because some of the older
Christians threw cold water on him, so he gave up the whole thing.

I pity a man who cannot take a little cold water without being any
the worse for it. Why, many of the Christians in old times had to go
through the fire, and did not shrink from it. A little cold water
never hurts any one.

Others say they have so many cares and troubles, they have as much
as they can carry. Well, a good way to forget your trouble is--to go
and help some one else who is carrying a heavier burden than
yourself. It was when Job began to pray for his friends that he
forgot his own troubles. Paul gloried in his infirmity, and in the
tribulations he had to undergo, so that the power of Christ might
all the more rest upon him. He gloried in the Cross: and you must
bear in mind that the Cross was not so easy to bear in his day as it
is in ours. Every one was speaking against it. "I glory in the Cross
of Christ," he said. When a man gets to that point, do you tell me
that God cannot use him to build up His kingdom? In his second
letter to the Corinthians, Paul speaks of "the thorn in the flesh;"
he prayed the Lord to take it away. The Lord said He was not going
to take it away: but He would give His servant grace to bear it. So
the apostle learned to thank God for the thorn, because he got more
grace. It is when the days are dark that people are brought nearer
to God. I suppose that is what Paul meant.

If there is any child of God who has a "thorn in the flesh," God has
grace enough to help you to bear it if you will but go to Him for
it. The difficulty is that so many are looking at their troubles and
sorrows, instead of looking toward the glorious reward, and pressing
on their way by God's help.

In ii Corinthians 9:8, we read: "God is able to make all grace
abound towards you; that ye, always having all sufficiency in all
things, may abound to every good work." There are three thoughts
here--God makes _all grace_ to abound, that we may have _all
sufficiency_ in _all things_. I think this is one of the most
wonderful verses in the Bible.

There is plenty of grace. Many Christians, if they have grace enough
to keep them from outward sin, seem to be perfectly satisfied; they
do not press on to get _fullness of grace_, so as to be ready for
God's work. Many are satisfied to go into the stream of grace ankle
deep, when God wants them to swim in it.

If we always came to meetings desiring to get strength, then we
should be able to go out to work and speak for Christ. There are a
great many who would be used of God, if they would only come boldly
to His throne of grace, and "find grace to help in time of need." Is
it not a time of need now? God has said, "I will pour water on him
that is thirsty." Do we thirst for a deeper work of grace in our
hearts?--for the anointing of the Spirit? Here is the promise: "I
will pour water on him that is thirsty." Let all who are hungering
and thirsting for blessing come and receive it.

Another reason why many Christians do not get anything is--because
they do not give out to others. They are satisfied with present
attainments, instead of growing in grace. We are not the fountain;
we are only a channel for the grace of God to flow through. There is
not one of us but God wants to use in building up His kingdom. That
little boy, that grey-haired man, these young men and maidens; all
are needed: and there is a work for all. We want to believe that God
has grace enough to qualify us to go out and work for Him.

If we have known Jesus Christ for twenty years or more, and if we
have not been able to introduce an anxious soul to Him, there has
been something wrong somewhere. If we were full of grace, we should
be ready for any call that comes to us. Paul said, when he had that
famous interview with Christ on the way to Damascus, "Lord, what
wilt Thou have me to do?" Isaiah said, "Here am I, send me." Oh that
God would fill all His people with grace, so that we may see more
wonderful things than He has ever permitted us to see! No man can
tell what he can do, until he moves forward. If we do that in the
name of God, instead of there being a few scores or hundreds
converted, there will be thousands flocking into the Kingdom of God.
Remember, that we honor God when we ask for great things. It is a
humiliating thing to think that we are satisfied with very small
results.

It is said that Alexander the Great had a favorite General to whom
he had given permission to draw upon the royal treasury for any
amount. On one occasion this General had made a draft for such an
enormous sum that the Treasurer refused to honor it until he
consulted the Emperor. So he went into his presence and told him
what the General had done. "Did you not honor the draft?" said the
Emperor. "No; I refused till I had seen your Majesty; because the
amount was so great." The Emperor was indignant. His Treasurer said
that he was afraid of offending him if he had paid the amount. "Do
you not know," replied the Emperor, "that he honors me and my
kingdom by making a large draft?" Whether the story be authentic or
not, it is true that we honor God when we ask for great things.

It is said that on one occasion when Caesar gave a very valuable
present, the receiver replied that it was too costly a gift. The
Emperor answered that it was not too great for Caesar to give. Our
God is a great King; and He delights to use us: so let us delight to
ask Him for great grace, that we may go out and work for him.

I find that many Christians are in trouble about the future; they
think they will not have grace enough to die by. It is much more
important that we should have grace enough to live by. It seems to
me that death is of very little importance in the meantime. When the
dying hour comes there will be dying grace; but you do not require
dying grace to live by. If I am going to live perhaps for fifteen or
twenty years, what do I want with dying grace? I am far more anxious
about having grace enough for my present work.

I have sometimes been asked if I had grace enough to enable me to go
to the stake and die as a martyr. No; what do I want with martyr's
grace? I do not like suffering; but if God should call on me to die
a martyr's death, He would give me martyr's grace. If I have to pass
through some great affliction, I know God will give me grace when
the time comes; but I do not want it till it comes.

There is a story of a martyr in the second century. He was brought
before the king, and told that if he did not recant they would
banish him. Said he, "O king, you cannot banish me from Christ; for
He has said, I will never leave thee nor forsake thee!" The apostle
John was banished to the island of Patmos; but it was the best thing
that could have happened: for if John had not been sent there,
probably we should never have had that grand Book of Revelation.
John could not be separated from his Master.

So it was with this brave martyr, of whom I was speaking. The king
said to him, "Then I will take away your property from you." "You
cannot do that: for my treasure is laid up on high, where you cannot
get at it?" "Then I will kill you." "You can not do that; for I have
been dead these forty years: my life is hid with Christ in God." The
king said, "What are you going to do with such a fanatic as that?"

Let us remember that if we have not grace enough for service, we
have no one to blame but ourselves. We are not straitened in God: He
has abundance of grace to qualify us to work for Him.


MORE TO FOLLOW.

I heard a story about two members of a Church: one was a wealthy
man, and the other was one of those who cannot take care of their
finances--he was always in debt. The rich brother had compassion on
his poor brother. He wanted to give him some money; but he would not
give it to the man all at once: he knew he would not use it
properly. So he sent the amount to the minister, and asked him to
supply the needs of this poor brother. The minister used to send him
a five-dollar bill, and put on the envelope "More to follow." I can
imagine how welcome the gift would be; but the best of all was the
promise--"More to follow." So it is with God: there is always "more
to follow." It is such a pity that we are not ready to be used by
God when He wants to use us.

Dear friends, let me put this question to you: Are you full of
grace? You shake your head. Well, it is our privilege to be _full_.
What is the best way to get full of grace? It is to be emptied of
self. How can we be emptied? Suppose you wish to get the air out of
this tumbler; how can you do it? I will tell you: by pouring water
into the tumbler till it is full to overflowing. That is the way the
Lord empties us of self. He fills us with His grace. "I will pour
water on him that is thirsty." Are you hungering to get rid of your
sinful selves? Then let the Spirit of God come in and fill you. God
is able to do it.

See what He did for John Bunyan--how He made one of the mightiest
instruments for good the world ever saw, out of that swearing
Bedford tinker. If we had a telescope which would enable us to look
into heaven as Stephen did, I can imagine we should see the thief,
who believed in Jesus while on the cross, very near the throne. Ask
him how he got there; and he would tell you it was through the grace
of God. See how the grace of God could save a Mary Magdalene
possessed of seven devils! Ask her what it was that melted her
heart: and she would tell you that it was the grace of God. Look
again at that woman whom Christ met at the well at Sychar. The
Saviour offered her a cup of the living water: she drank, and now
she walks the chrystal pavement of heaven. See how the grace of God
could change Zaccheus, the hated publican of Jericho! Now he is in
yonder world of light; he was brought there by the sovereign grace
of God.

You will have noticed that many of those who were about the most
unlikely, have, by the power of God's grace, become very eminent in
His service. Look at the twelve apostles of Christ; they were all
unlettered men. This ought to encourage all whose education is
limited to give themselves to God's work. When our earthly work is
ended, then, like our Master, we shall enter into glory. It has been
well remarked: "Grace is glory militant; and glory is grace
triumphant. Grace is glory begun; glory is grace made perfect. Grace
is the first degree of glory: glory is the highest degree of grace."

   "Oh, to grace how great a debtor
      Daily I'm constrained to be!
   Let Thy grace, Lord, like a fetter,
      Bind my wandering heart to thee.
   Prone to wander, Lord, I feel it--
      Prone to leave the God I love--
   Here's my heart, oh take and seal it,
      Seal it for Thy courts above."



CHAPTER VIII.


A CHIME OF GOSPEL BELLS.


IN Baltimore, a few years ago, we held a number of meetings for men.
I am very fond of this hymn; and we used to let the choir sing the
chorus over and over again, till all could sing it.

   "Oh, word of words the sweetest,
      Oh, word in which there lie
   All promise, all fulfillment,
      And end of mystery!
   Lamenting or rejoicing,
      With doubt or terror nigh,
   I hear the 'Come!' of Jesus,
      And to His cross I fly.

        Come! oh, come to me!
        Come! oh, come to me!
        Weary heavy-laden,
        Come! oh, come to Me!

   O soul! why shouldst thou wander
      From such a loving Friend?
   Cling closer, closer to Him,
      Stay with Him to the end
   Alas! I am so helpless,
      So very full of sin;
   For I am ever wandering,
      And coming back again.

   Oh, each time draw me nearer,
      That soon the 'Come!' may be
   Nought but a gentle whisper
      To one close, close to Thee;
   Then, over sea and mountain,
      Far from, or near, my home,
   I'll take Thy hand and follow,
      At that sweet whisper, 'Come!'"

There was a man in one of the meetings who had been brought there
against his will; he had come through some personal influence
brought to bear upon him. When he got to the meeting, they were
singing the chorus of this hymn--

        "Come! come! come!"

He said afterwards he thought he never saw so many fools together in
his life before. The idea of a number of men standing there singing,
"Come! come! come!" When he started home he could not get this
little word out of his head; it kept coming back all the time. He
went into a saloon, and ordered some whiskey, thinking to drown it.
But he could not; it still kept coming back. He went into another
saloon, and drank some more whiskey; but the words kept ringing in
his ears: "Come! come! come!" He said to himself, "What a fool I am
for allowing myself to be troubled in this way!" He went to a third
saloon; had another glass, and finally got home.

He went off to bed, but could not sleep; it seemed as if the very
pillow kept whispering the word, "Come! Come!" He began to be angry
with himself: "What a fool I was for ever going to that meeting at
all!" When he got up he took the little hymn book, found the hymn,
and read it over. "What nonsense!" he said to himself; "the idea of
a rational man being disturbed by that hymn." He set fire to the
hymn book; but he could not burn up the little word "Come!" "Heaven
and earth shall pass away: but My word shall not pass away."

He declared he would never go to another of the meetings; but the
next night he came again. When he got there, strange to say, they
were singing the same hymn. "There is that miserable old hymn
again," he said; "what a fool I am for coming!" I tell you, when the
Spirit of God lays hold of a man, he does a good many things he did
not intend to do. To make a long story short, that man rose in a
meeting of young converts, and told the story that I have now told
you. Pulling out the little hymn book for he had bought another copy
and opening it at this hymn, he said: "I think this hymn is the
sweetest and the best in the English language. God blessed it to the
saving of my soul." And yet this was the very hymn he had despised.

I want to take up this little word "Come!" Sometimes people forget
the text of a sermon; but this text will be short enough for any one
to remember. Let me ring out a chime of Gospel bells, every one of
which says, "Come!" The first bell I will ring is,


COME AND HEAR!

"Incline your ear, and come unto me; hear, and your soul shall live;
and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure
mercies of David." "Incline your ear," God says. You have sometimes
seen a man who is a little deaf, and cannot catch every word, put
his hand up to his ear and lean forward. I have seen a man sometimes
put up both hands to his ears, as if he were determined to catch
every word. I like to see that. This is the figure that the prophet
uses when he says on God's behalf, "Incline your ear."

Man lost spiritual life and communion with his Maker by listening to
the voice of the tempter, instead of the voice of God. We get life
again by listening to the voice of God. The Word of God gives life.
"The words that I speak unto you," says Christ, "they are spirit,
and they are life." So, what people need is--to incline their ear,
and hear. It is a great thing when the Gospel preacher gets the ear
of a congregation--I mean the inner ear. For a man has not only two
ears in his head; he has also what we may call the outer ear, and
the inner ear--the ear of the soul. You may speak to the outward
ear, and not reach the ear of the soul at all. Many in these days
are like the "foolish people" to whom the prophet Jeremiah spoke:
"Which have eyes, and see not; which have ears, and hear not." There
are many in every congregation whose attention I am not able to
secure for five minutes together. Almost any little thing will
divert their minds. We need to give heed to the words of the Lord:
"He that hath ears to hear, let him hear."

You remember when Peter was sent to Cornelius, he was to speak to
him words whereby he and his house were to be saved. If you are to
be saved, it must be by listening to the Word of God. Here is the
promise: "Hear; and your soul shall live."

There was an architect in Chicago who was converted. In giving his
testimony, he said he had been in the habit of attending church for
a great many years, but he could not say that he had really heard a
sermon all the time. He said that when the minister gave out the
text and began to preach, he used to settle himself in the corner of
the pew and work out the plans of some building. He could not tell
how many plans he had prepared while the minister was preaching. He
was the architect for one or two companies; and he used to do all
his planning in that way. You see, Satan came in between him and the
preacher, and caught away the good seed of the Word. I have often
preached to people, and have been perfectly amazed to find they
could hardly tell one solitary word of the sermon; even the text had
completely gone from them.

A colored man once said that a good many of his congregation would
be lost because they were too generous. He saw that the people
looked rather surprised; so he said, "Perhaps you think I have made
a mistake; and that I ought to have said you will be lost because
you are not generous enough. That is not so; I meant just what I
said. You give away too many sermons. You hear them, as it were, for
other people." So there are a good many now hearing me who are
listening for those behind them: they say the message is a very good
one for neighbor So-and-so; and they pass it over their shoulders,
till it gets clear out at the door. You laugh; but you know it is
so. Listen! "Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that heareth My
word, and believeth on Him that sent Me, hath everlasting life, and
shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto
life."

The next note in this peal of bells I wish to ring out is--


COME AND SEE!

Scripture not only uses the ear, but the eye, in illustrating the
way of salvation. When a man both hears and sees a thing, he
remembers it twice as long as if he only heard it. You remember what
Philip said to Nathanael: "Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto
him, we have found Him of whom Moses in the Law, and the Prophets,
did write--Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. And Nathanael said
unto him, Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth? Philip
saith unto him, Come and see." Philip was a wise winner of souls. He
brought his friend to Christ. Nathanael had one interview with the
son of God; he became His disciple and never left Him. If Philip had
gone on discussing the matter with him, and had tried to prove that
some good thing could come out of Nazareth, he might have never been
a disciple at all.

After all, we do not gain much by discussion. Let objectors or
inquirers only get one personal interview with the Son of God; that
will scatter all their darkness, all their prejudice, and all their
unbelief. The moment that Philip succeeded in getting Nathanael to
Christ, the work was done.

So we say to you, "Come and see!" I thought, when I was converted,
that my friends had been very unfaithful to me, because they had not
told me about Christ. I thought I would have all my friends
converted inside of twenty-four hours; and I was quite disappointed
when they did not at once see Christ to be the Lily of the Valley,
and the Rose of Sharon, and the Bright and Morning Star. I wondered
why it was. No doubt many of those who hear me now have had that
experience; you thought when you saw Christ in all His beauty that
you could soon make your friends see Him in the same light.

But we need to learn that God alone can do it. If there is a skeptic
now hearing me, I want to say that one personal interview with the
Son of God will scatter all your infidelity and atheism. One night,
in the inquiry-room, I met the wife of an atheist, who had been
brought to God at one of our meetings. She was converted at the same
time. She had brought two of her daughters to the meeting, desiring
that they too should know Christ. I said to the mother: "How is it
with your skepticism now?" "Oh," said she, "it is all gone." When
Christ gets into the heart, atheism must go out; if a man will only
come and take one trustful, loving look at the Saviour, there will
be no desire to leave Him again.

A gentleman was walking down the street in Baltimore, a few years
ago. It was near Christmas-time, and many of the shop-windows were
filled with Christmas presents, toys, etc. As this gentleman passed
along, he saw three little girls standing before a shop window, and
he heard two of them trying to describe to the third the things that
were in the window. It aroused his attention, and he wondered what
it could mean. He went back, and found that the middle one was
blind--she had never been able to see--and her two sisters were
endeavoring to tell her how the things looked. The gentleman stood
beside them for some time, and listened; he said it was most
interesting to hear them trying to describe the different articles
to the blind child--they found it a difficult task. As he told me, I
said to myself, "That is just my position in trying to tell other
men about Christ: I may talk about Him; and yet they see no beauty
in Him that they should desire Him. But if they will only come to
Him, He will open their eyes and reveal Himself to them in all His
loveliness and grace."

Looking at it from the outside, there was not much beauty in the
Tabernacle that Moses erected in the desert. It was covered on the
outside with badgers' skins--and there was not much beauty in them.
If you were to pass into the inside, then you would find out the
beauty of the coverings. So the sinner sees no beauty in Christ till
he comes to Him--then he can see it.

You have looked at the windows of a grand church erected at the cost
of many thousands of dollars. From the outside they did not seem
very beautiful; but get inside, when the rays of the sun are
striking upon the stained glass, and you begin to understand what
others have told you of their magnificence. So it is when you have
come into personal contact with Christ; you find Him to be the very
Friend you need. Therefore we extend to all the sweet Gospel
invitation "Come and see!"

Let me now ring out the third bell--


COME AND DRINK!

"Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters: and he that
hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat: yea, come, buy wine and milk
without money and without price." If you will come and drink at this
fountain, Christ says you shall never thirst again. He has promised
to quench your thirst. "If any man thirst," He says, "let him come
unto Me and drink."

I thank God for those words: "_If any man_." That does not mean
merely a select few respectable people; it takes in all--every
drunkard, every harlot, every thief, every self-righteous Pharisee.

"If any man _thirst_." How this world is thirsting for something
that will satisfy! What fills the places of amusement--the dance
houses, the music halls, and the theaters, night after night? Men
and women are thirsting for something they have not got. The moment
a man turns his back upon God, he begins to thirst; and that thirst
will never be quenched until he returns to "the fountain of living
waters." As the prophet Jeremiah tells us, we have forsaken the
fountain of living waters, and hewn out for ourselves cisterns,
broken cisterns, that can hold no water. There is a thirst this
world can never quench: the more we drink of its pleasures, the
thirstier we become. We cry out for more and more; and we are all
the while being dragged down lower and lower. But there is "a
fountain opened to the House of David . . . for sin and for
uncleanness." Let us press up to it, and drink and live.

I remember after one of the great battles in the War we were coming
down the Tennessee River with a company of wounded men. It was in
the spring of the year, and the water was not clear. You know that
the cry of a wounded man is: "Water! water!" especially in a hot
country. I remember taking a glass of the muddy water to one of
these men. Although he was very thirsty, he only drank a little of
it. He handed the glass back to me, and as he did so, he said, "Oh
for a draught of water from my father's well!" Are there any thirsty
ones here? Come and drink of the fountain opened in Christ; your
longing will be satisfied, and you will never thirst again. It will
be in you "a well of water springing up into everlasting life."
Water rises to its own level; and as this water has come down from
the throne of God, it will carry us back to the presence of God.
Come, O ye thirsty ones, stoop down and drink, and live! You are all
invited: come along! When Moses took his rod and struck the flinty
rock in the wilderness, out of it there came a pure crystal stream
of water, which flowed or through that dry and barren land. All that
the poor thirsty Israelites had to do was to stoop and drink. It was
free to all. So the grace of God is free to all. God invites you to
come and take it: will you come?

I remember being in a large city where I noticed that the people
resorted to a favorite well in one of the parks. I said to a man one
day, "Does the well never run dry?" The man was drinking of the
water out of the well; and as he stopped drinking, he smacked his
lips, and said: "They have never been able to pump it dry yet. They
tried it a few years ago. They put the fire engines to work, and
tried all they could to pump the well dry; but they found there was
a river flowing right under the city." Thank God, the well of
salvation never gets dry, though the saints of God have been
drinking from it for six thousand years! Abel, Enoch Noah, Abraham.
Moses, Elijah, the Apostles all have drunk from it; and they are now
up yonder, where they are drinking of the stream that flows from the
throne of God. "They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more;
neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. For the Lamb
which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead
them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all
tears from their eyes."

Let me ring another Gospel bell:


COME AND DINE!

My brother, my sister--are you hungry? Then come along and dine.
Some people are afraid of being converted, because they think they
will not hold out. Mr. Rainsford once said, "If the Lord gives us
eternal life, He will surely give us all that is needful to preserve
it." He not only gives life; but He gives us our daily bread to feed
that life.

After the Saviour had risen from the dead, He had not appeared to
His disciples for some days. Peter said to the others, "I go a
fishing." Seven of them started off in their boats. They toiled all
night but caught nothing. In the grey of the morning, they saw a
Stranger on the shore. He addressed them and said "Children, have ye
any meat?" They told Him they had not. "Cast the net on the right
side of the ship; and ye shall find." I can imagine they said to
each other, "What good is that going to do? We have been fishing
here all night, and have got nothing? The idea that there should be
fish on one side of the boat, and not on the other!" However, they
obeyed the command; and they had such a haul that there was no room
for the fish in the boat. Then one of them said, "It is the Lord."
When he heard that, Peter sprang right into the sea, and swam to the
shore; and the others pulled the boat to land.

When they reached the shore the Master said, "Come and dine." What a
meal that must have been. There was the Lord of Glory feeding His
disciples. If He could set a table for His people in the wilderness,
and feed three millions of Israelites for forty years, can He not
give us our daily bread? I do not mean only the bread that
perisheth; but the Bread that cometh from above. If He feeds the
birds of the air, surely He will feed His children made in His own
image! If He numbers the very hairs of our head, He will take care
to supply all our temporal wants.

Not only so: He will give us the Bread of Life for the nourishment
of the soul--the life that the world knows nothing of--if we will
but go to Him. "I am the Bread of Life," He says. As we feed on Him
by faith, we get strength. Let our thoughts rest upon Him; and He
will lift us above ourselves, and above the world, and satisfy our
utmost desires.

Another Gospel bell is--


COME AND REST!

Dear friend, do you not need rest? There is a restlessness all over
the world to-day. Men are sighing and struggling after rest. The cry
of the world is, "Where can rest be found?" The rich man that we
read of in the parable pulled down his barns, that he might build
greater; and said to his soul, "Take thine ease." He thought he was
going to find rest in wealth; but he was disappointed. That night
his soul was summoned away. No; there is no rest in wealth or
pleasure.

Others think they will succeed in drowning their sorrows and
troubles by indulging in drink; but that will only increase them.
"There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked:" they are like the
troubled sea that cannot rest. We sometimes talk of the ocean as
being as calm as a sea of glass; but it is never at rest: and here
we have a faithful picture of the wicked man and woman.

O weary soul, hear the sweet voice that comes ringing down through
the ages: "Come unto me, all ye that labor, and are heavy-laden; and
I will _give_ you rest." Thank God, He does not _sell_ it! If He
did, some of us are so poor we could not buy; but we can all take a
gift. That little boy there knows how to take a gift; that old man,
living on borrowed time, and almost on the verge of another world,
knows how to take a gift. The gift Jesus wants to bestow is rest:
Rest for time, and rest for eternity. Every weary soul may have this
rest if he will. But you must come to Christ and get it. Nowhere
else can this rest be found. If you go to the world with your cares,
your troubles, and your anxieties, all it can do is to put a few
more on the top of them. The world is a poor place to go to for
sympathy. As some one has said: "If you roll your burdens anywhere
but on Christ, they will roll back on you with more weight than
ever. Cast them on Christ; and He will carry them for you."

Here is another bell--


COME AND REASON!

Perhaps there are some infidels reading this. They are fond of
saying to us, "Come and reason." But I want to draw their attention
to the verses that go before this one in the first chapter of
Isaiah. The trouble with a good many skeptics is this--they take a
sentence here and there from Scripture without reference to the
context. Let us see what this passage says: "When ye spread forth
your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many
prayers I will not hear: your hands are full of blood. Wash you,
make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before Mine
eyes; cease to do evil; learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the
oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow."

_Then_ we have the gracious invitation, "Come now, and let us reason
together." Do you think God is going to reason with a man whose
hands are dripping with blood, and before he asks forgiveness and
mercy? Will God reason with a man living in rebellion against Him?
Nay. But if we turn from and confess our sin, then He will reason
with us, and pardon us. "Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall
be as white as snow: though they be red like crimson, they shall be
as wool."

But if a man persists in his rebellion against God, there is no
invitation to him to come and reason, and receive pardon. If I have
been justly condemned to death by the law of the State, and am
waiting the execution of my sentence, I am not in a position to
reason with the governor. If he chooses to send me a free pardon,
the first thing I have to do is to accept it; then he may allow me
to come into his presence. But we must bear in mind that God is
above our reason. When man fell, his reason became perverted; and he
was not in a position to reason with God. "If any man willeth to do
His will he shall know of the teaching." We must be willing to
forsake our sins. "Let the wicked forsake his way, and the
unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the Lord, and
He will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for He will abundantly
pardon," The moment a man is willing to part with his sins, God
meets him in grace and offers him peace and pardon.

The next bell I would like to sound out is--


COME TO THE MARRIAGE!

"Behold, I have prepared my dinner: . . . all things are ready; come
unto the marriage." Who would not feel highly honored if they were
invited to some fine residence, to the wedding of one of the members
of the President's family? I can imagine you would feel rather proud
of having received such an invitation. You would want all your
friends to know it.

Probably you may never get such an invitation. But I have a far
grander invitation for you here than that. I cannot speak for
others; but if I know my own heart, I would rather be torn to pieces
to-night, limb from limb, and die in the glorious hope of being at
the marriage-supper of the Lamb, than live in this world a thousand
years and miss that appointment at the last. "Blessed is he that is
called to the marriage-supper of the Lamb." It will be a fearful
thing for any of us to see Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob taking their
place in the kingdom of God, and be ourselves thrust out.

This is no myth, my friends; it is a real invitation. Every man and
woman is invited. All things are now ready. The feast has been
prepared at great expense. You may spurn the grace, and the gift of
God; but you must bear in mind that it cost God a good deal before
He could provide this feast. When He gave Christ He gave the richest
jewel that heaven had. And now He sends out the invitation. He
commands His servants to go into the highways, and hedges, and
lanes, and compel them to come in, that His house may be full. Who
will come? You say you are not fit to come? If the President invited
you to the White House, and the invitation said you were to come
just as you were; and if the sentinel at the gate stopped you
because you did not wear a dress suit, what would you do? Would you
not show him the document signed in the name of the President? Then
he would stand aside and let you pass. So, my friend, if you can
prove to me that you are a sinner, I can prove to you that you are
invited to this Gospel feast--to this marriage supper of the Lamb.

Let me ring out another bell in this Gospel chime--


"COME, INHERIT THE KINGDOM!"

"Then shall the King say unto them on His right hand, Come, ye
blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the
foundation of the world." A kingdom!--think of that! Think of a poor
man in this world, struggling with poverty and want, invited to
become possessor of a kingdom! It is no fiction; it is described as
"an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled, and that fadeth not
away, reserved in heaven for you, who are kept by the power of God
through faith unto salvation, ready to be revealed in the last
time." We are called to be kings and priests: that is a high
calling. Surely no one who hears me intends to miss that kingdom!
Christ said, "_Seek ye first_ the Kingdom of God." Those who inherit
it shall go no more out.

Yet another bell--


"COME UP HITHER!"

In the Revelation we find that the two witnesses were called up to
heaven when their testimony was ended. So if we are faithful in the
service of our King, we shall by and by hear a voice saying, "Come
up hither!" There is going to be a separation one day. The man who
has been persecuting his godly wife will some day find her missing.
That drunkard who beats his children because they have been taught
the way into the Kingdom of God, will miss them some day. They will
be taken up out of the darkness, and away from the persecution, up
into the presence of God. When the voice of God saying, "Come up
hither" is heard, calling His children home, there will be a grand
jubilee. That glorious day will soon dawn. "Lift up your heads, for
the time of your redemption draweth nigh."

One more bell to complete the chime--


"WHOSOEVER WILL, LET HIM COME!"

It is the last time that the word "Come" appears in the Bible; and
it occurs there over one thousand nine hundred times. We find it
away back in Genesis, "Come, thou and all thy house, into the ark";
and it goes right along through Scripture. Prophets, apostles, and
preachers, have been ringing it out all through the ages. Now the
record is about to be closed, and Christ tells John to put in one
more invitation. After the Lord had been in glory for about sixty
years, perhaps He saw some poor man stumbling over one of the
apostles' letters about the doctrine of election. So He came to John
in Patmos, and John was in the Spirit on the Lord's Day. Christ said
to His disciple, "Write these things to the Churches." I can imagine
John's pen moved very easily and very swiftly that day; for the hand
of his Lord was upon him. The Master said to him, "Before you close
up the Book, put in one more invitation; and make it so broad that
the whole world shall know they are included, and not a single one
may feel that he is left out." John began to write "The Spirit and
the Bride say, Come," that is, the Spirit and the Church; "and let
him that heareth say, Come!" If you have heard and received the
message yourself, pass it on to those near you; your religion is not
a very real thing if it does not affect some one else. We have to
get rid of this idea that the world is going to be reached by
ministers alone. All those who have drunk of the cup of salvation
must pass it around.

"Let him that is athirst, come." But there are some so deaf that
they cannot hear; others are not thirsty enough or they think they
are not. I have seen men in our after-meetings with two streams of
tears running down their cheeks; and yet they said the trouble with
them was that they were not anxious enough. They were anxious to be
anxious. Probably Christ saw that men would say they did not feel
thirsty; so He told the apostle to make the invitation still
broader. So the last invitation let down into a thirsty world is
this: "Whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely."

Thank God for those words "Whosoever will!" Who will come and take
it? That is the question. You have the power to accept or to reject
the invitation. A man in one meeting once was honest enough to say
"I won't." If I had it in my power I would bring this whole audience
to a decision now, either for or against. I hope many now reading
these words will say, "I will!" If God says we can, all the devils
in hell cannot stop us. All the infidels in the world cannot prevent
us. That little boy, that little girl, can say, "I will!" If it were
necessary, God would send down a legion of angels to help you; but
He has given you the power, and you can accept Christ this very
minute if you are really in earnest.

Let me say that it is the easiest thing in the world to become a
Christian, and it is also the most difficult. You will say: "That is
a contradiction, a paradox." I will illustrate what I mean. A little
nephew of mine in Chicago, a few years ago, took my Bible and threw
it down on the floor. His mother said, "Charlie, pick up Uncle's
Bible." The little fellow said he would not, "Charlie, do you know
what that word means?" She soon found out that he did, and that he
was not going to pick up the Book. His will had come right up
against his mother's will. I began to be quite interested in the
struggle; I knew if she did not break his will, he would some day
break her heart. She repeated, "Charlie, go and pick up Uncle's
Bible, and put it on the table." The little fellow said he could not
do it. "I will punish you if you do not." He saw a strange look in
her eye, and the matter began to get serious. He did not want to be
punished, and he knew his mother would punish him if he did not lift
the Bible. So he straightened every bone and muscle in him, and he
said _he could not do it_. I really believe the little fellow had
reasoned himself into the belief that he could not do it.

His mother knew he was only deceiving himself; so she kept him right
to the point. At last he went down, put both his arms around the
Book, and tugged away at it; but he still said he could not do it.
The truth was he did not want to. He got up again without lifting
it. The mother said, "Charlie, I am not going to talk to you any
more. This matter has to be settled; pick up that Book, or I will
punish you." At last she broke his will, and then he found it as
easy as it is for me to turn my hand. He picked up the Bible, and
laid it on the table. So it is with the sinner; if you are really
willing to take the Water of Life, you can do it.

   "I heard the voice of Jesus say,
      'Come unto Me, and rest;
   Lay down, thou weary one, lay down,
      Thy head upon My breast.'
   I came to Jesus as I was--
      Weary, and worn, and sad,
   I found in Him a resting-place,
      And He has made me glad.

   I heard the voice of Jesus say,
      'Behold, I freely give
   The living water--thirsty one,
      Stoop down, and drink, and live.'
   I came to Jesus, and I drank
      Of that life-giving stream;
   My thirst was quenched, my soul revived,
      And now I live in Him.

   I heard the voice of Jesus say,
      'I am this dark world's Light:
   Look unto Me, thy morn shall rise,
      And all thy day be bright.'
   I looked to Jesus, and I found
      In Him my Star, my Sun;
   And in that Light of life I'll walk
      Till traveling days are done."

_Dr. H. Bonar_



GOSPEL DIALOGUES.


I.--MR. MOODY AND REV. MARCUS RAINSFORD.


WHAT IT IS TO BE A CHILD OF GOD.


MR. MOODY--What is it to be a child of God? What is the first step?

Rev. M. Rainsford--Well, sir, I am a child of God when I become
united to the Son of God. The Son of God prayed that all who
believed upon Him should be one with Him, as He was one with the
Father. Believing on Jesus, I receive Him, and become united to Him;
I become, as it were, a member of his Body. I am an heir of God, a
joint-heir with Christ.

Mr. M.--What is the best definition of Faith?

Mr. R.--Trust in the Son of God, as the Saviour He has given to us.
Simple trust, not only in a creed, but in a Person. I trust my soul
to Him. I trust the keeping of my soul to Him. God has promised that
whosoever trusts Him, mercy shall compass him on every side.

Mr. M.--Does not the Scripture say that the devils believe?

Mr. R.--They believe the truth, do they not? They believe that Jesus
was manifested to destroy them; and they "tremble." I wish we
believed as truly and as fully that God sent His Son into the world
to save us.

Mr. M.--What is it to "trust?"

Mr. R.--I take it to mean four things:

(1) Believing on Christ: that is, taking Him at His Word.

(2) Hoping in Christ: that is, expecting help from Him, according to
His Word.

(3) Relying on Christ: That is, resting on Him for the times, and
ways, and circumstances in which He may be pleased to fulfill His
promises according to His Word.

(4) Waiting on Christ: that is, _continuing_ to do so,
notwithstanding delay, darkness, barrenness, perplexing experiences,
and the sentence of death in myself. He may keep me waiting awhile
(I have kept Him a long time waiting); but He will not keep me
waiting always. Believing in Him, hoping in Him, relying upon Him,
and waiting for Him--I understand to be trusting in Him.

Mr. M.--Can all these friends here believe the promises?

Mr. R.--The promises are true, whether we believe them or not. We do
not make them true by believing them. God could not charge me with
being an unbeliever, or condemn me for unbelief, if the promises
were not true for me. I could in that case turn round and say:
"Great God, why did you expect me to believe a promise that was not
true for me?" And yet the Scriptures set forth unbelief as the
greatest sin I can continue to commit.

Mr. M.--How are we "cleansed by _the Blood?_"

Mr. R.--"The blood is the life." The sentence upon sinners for their
sin was, "The soul that sinneth it shall die." That we might not
die, the Son of God died. The blood is _the poured-out life of the
Son of God_, given as the price, the atonement, the substitute, for
the forfeited life of the believer in Jesus Christ. Any poor sinner
who receives Christ as God's gift is cleansed from all sin by His
Blood.

Mr. M.--Was the blood shed for us all?

Mr. R.--

   "There is a fountain filled with blood,
      Drawn from Immanuel's veins;
   And sinners plunged beneath that flood,
      Lose all their guilty stains.

   The dying thief rejoiced to see
      That fountain in his day;
   And there may we, though vile as he,
      Wash all our sins away."

Mr. M.--Some may think that this is only a hymn, and that it is not
Scripture. Did the Lord ever say anything similar to what the hymn
says?

Mr. R.--He said: "I have given you the blood upon the altar to make
an atonement for your souls." That was said of the picture of the
blood of Christ. And at the Last Supper our Lord said His blood was
"the blood of the new testament which is shed for you and for many
for the remission of sins."

Mr. M.--What is "the gift of God?"

Mr. R.--There are three great gifts that God has given to us--

(1) His blessed Son.

(2) The Holy Ghost, "the promise of the Father," that we might
understand the unspeakable gift bestowed on us when He gave His Son.

(3) He has given us His Holy Word.

The Holy Ghost has inspired the writers of it that we may read, and
hear, and know the love that God has to us, "in that while we were
yet sinners Christ died for us." We could not have the Son for our
Saviour, unless God gave Him. We could not understand the gift of
God, unless the Holy Ghost had come to quicken us and teach us; and
this He does through the Word.

Mr. M.--How much is there in Christ for us who believe?

Mr. R.--In Him dwelt "all the fullness of the Godhead
bodily"--fullness of life, of righteousness, of sanctification, of
redemption, title to heaven, and meetness for it; all that God wants
from us, and all that we want from God, He gave in the person of
Christ.

Mr. M.--How long does it take God to justify a sinner?

Mr. R.--How long? The moment we receive Him we receive authority to
enroll ourselves among the children of God, and are then and there
justified from all things. The sentence of complete justification
does not take long to pronounce. Some persons profess to see a
difficulty in the variety of ways in which a sinner is said to be
justified before God: (1) Justified by God; (2) Justified by Christ;
(3) Justified by His Blood; (4) Justified by grace; (5) Justified by
faith; (6) Justified by works.

Justification has reference to a court of justice. Suppose a sinner
standing at the bar of God, the bar of conscience, and the bar of
his fellow-men, charged with a thousand crimes.

(1) There is the Judge: that is God, who alone can condemn or
justify: "It is God that justifieth." That is justification by God.

(2) There is the Advocate, who appears at court for the sinner; the
counselor, the intercessor: that is Christ. "Justified by Christ."

(3) There is next to be considered the ground and reason on account
of which the Advocate pleads before the Judge. That is the merit of
His own precious Blood. That is justification by His Blood.

(4) Next we must remember the law which the Judge is dispensing. The
law of works? Nay, but the law of grace and faith. That is
justification by His grace.

(5) And now the judge himself pronounces the result. "Be it known
unto you that through this Man is preached unto you the forgiveness
of sins; and by Him all that believe are justified from all things."
Now, for the first time, the sinner at the bar knows the fact. This
is justification by faith.

(6) But now the justified man leaves the criminal's dock. He does
not return to his prison, or to his chains. He walks forth from the
court-house a justified man; and all men, friends or foes, are made
aware that he is free. That is "justification by works."

Mr. M.--A man says: "I have not found peace." How would you deal
with him?

Mr. R.--He is really looking for the wrong thing. I do not look for
peace. I look for _Christ;_ and I get peace with Him. Some people
put peace in the place of Christ. Others put their repentance or
prayers in the place of Christ. _Anything_ put in the place of
Christ, or between the sinner and Christ, is in the _wrong place_.
When I get Christ, I possess in Him everything that belongs to Him,
as my Saviour.

Mr. M.--Some think they cannot be Christians until they are
sanctified.

Mr. R.--Christ is my Sanctification, as much as my Justification. I
cannot be sanctified but by His blood. There is a wonderful passage
in Exodus. The high priest there represented in picture the Lord
Jesus Christ. There was to be placed on the forefront of the miter
of the high priest, when he stood before God, a plate of pure gold,
and graven upon it as with a signet, the words: "Holiness to the
Lord." My faith sees it on the forefront of the miter on the brow of
my High Priest in heaven. "And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead,
that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the
children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it
shall be _always_ upon his forehead, that they may be accepted
before the Lord." That was for Israel of old! _That_ on the brow of
Jesus Christ is for me. Yes--for me, "that I may be accepted before
the Lord." As I believe this truth it purifies my heart, it operates
on my affections and my desires; and I seek to walk with Him,
because He is my Sanctification before God, just as I trust in Him
as my Justification--because He shed His blood for me.

Mr. M.--What is it to believe on His name?

Mr. R.--His name is His revealed self. We are informed what it is in
Exodus. Moses was in the mount with God, and He had shown him
wonderful things of kindness and of love. And Moses said, "O God,
show me thy _glory!_" And He said, "I will make all my _goodness_
pass before thee." So He put Moses in the cleft of the rock, and
proclaimed the name of the Lord: "The Lord, the Lord God, merciful
and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth;
keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity, transgression, and
sin"--there it is, root and branch "and that will by no means clear
the guilty." That is His name; and His glory He will not give unto
another: and to believe in the name of the Lord is just to shelter
under His promises.

Mr. M.--What is it to "receive the Kingdom of God like a little
child?"

Mr. R.--Well, I do not believe in a little child being an innocent
thing. I think it means that we are to receive it in all our need
and helplessness. A little child is the most dependent thing on
earth. All its resources are in its parents' love: all it can do is
to cry; and its necessities explain the meaning to the mother's
heart. If we interpret its language, it means: "Mother, wash me; I
cannot wash myself. Mother, clothe me; I am naked, and cannot clothe
myself. Mother, feed me; I cannot feed myself. Mother, carry me; I
cannot walk." It is written, "A mother may forget her sucking child;
yet will not I forget thee." This it is to receive the Kingdom of
God as a little child--to come to Jesus in our helplessness and say:
"Lord Jesus, wash me!" "Clothe me!" "Feed me!" "Carry me!" "Save me,
Lord, or I perish."

Mr. M.--A good many say they are going to _try_. What would you say
to such?

Mr. R.--God wants no man to "try." Jesus has already tried. He has
not only tried, but He has succeeded. "It is finished." Believe in
Him who has "made an end of sins, making reconciliation for
iniquity, finishing transgression, and bringing in everlasting
righteousness."

Mr. M.--If people say they are "going to try," what would you say to
them?

Mr. R.--I should say, Put _trusting_ in the place of trying;
_believing_ in the place of doubting; and I should urge them to come
to Christ as they are, instead of waiting to be better. There is
nothing now between God the Father and the poor sinner, but the Lord
Jesus Christ; and Christ has put away sin that I may be joined to
the Lord. "And he that is joined unto the Lord is one spirit;" "And
where the spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty."

Mr. M.--About the last thing an anxious inquirer has to contend with
is his feelings. There are hundreds here very anxious to know they
are safe in the Kingdom; but they think they have not the right kind
of feeling. What kind of feeling should they have?

Mr. R.--I think there are several of those present who can say that
they found a blessing in the after-meetings through one verse of
Scripture. I will quote it as an answer to Mr. Moody's question.
"Who is among you that feareth the Lord, that obeyeth the voice of
His servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? Let him
trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his God." Some of you
may be walking in darkness; that is how you feel. What is God's
command? "Let him trust in the name of the Lord, and stay upon his
God." If I am to trust God in the darkness, I am to trust Him
anywhere.

Mr. M.--You would advise them, then, to trust in the Lord, whether
they have the right kind of feeling or not?

Mr. R.--If I were to think of my feelings for a moment, I should be
one of the most miserable men in this hall to-night. My feelings are
those of a sinful corrupt nature. I am just to believe what God
tells me in spite of my feelings. Faith is "the evidence of things
not seen:" I might add, "the evidence of things not felt."

Mr. M.--Some may say that faith is the gift of God: and that they
must wait till God imparts it to them.

Mr. R.--"Faith cometh by hearing." The word of God is the medium
through which faith comes to us. God has given us Christ; and He has
given us His Spirit, and His Word: what need is there to wait? God
will give faith to the man who reads His Word and seeks for His
Spirit.

Mr. M.--What, then, should they wait for?

Mr. R.--I do not know of anything they have to wait for. God says:
"Come now; Believe now." No, no; there is nothing to wait for. He
has given us all He has to give: and the sooner we take it the
better.

Mr. M.--Perhaps some of them think they have too many sins to allow
their coming.

Mr. R.--The Lord Jesus has put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself.
"As far as the east is from the west, so far hath He removed our
transgressions from us." Why do we not believe him? He says He has
"made an end of sins." Why do we not believe Him? Is He a liar?

Mr. M.--Is unbelief a sin?

Mr. R.--It is the root of all sin.

Mr. M.--Has a man the power to believe these things, if he will?

Mr. R.--When God gives a command, it means that we are able by His
grace to do it.

Mr. M.--What do you mean by "coming" to Christ?

Mr. R.--Believing in Him. If I were to prepare a great feast in this
hall to-morrow night, and say that any man that comes to it would
have a grand feast and a five-pound note besides, there would not be
any question as to what "coming" meant. God has prepared a great
feast. He has sent His messengers to invite all to come; and there
is nothing to pay.

Mr. M.--What is the first step.

Mr. R.--To believe.

Mr. M.--Believe what?

Mr. R.--God's invitation; God's promise; God's provision. Let us
believe the faithfulness of Him who calls us. Does God intend to
mock us, and make game of us? If He did so to one man, it would hush
all the harps in heaven.

Mr. M.--Suppose the people do "come," and that they fall into sin
tomorrow?

Mr. R.--Let them come back again. God says we are to forgive till
seventy times seven. Do you think the great God will do less than He
commands us to do?

Mr. M.--If they truly come, will they have the desire to do the
things they used to do before?

Mr. R.--When a man really receives Christ into his heart, he
experiences "the expulsive power of a new affection." The devil may
tempt him to sin; but sin has lost its attraction. A man finds out
that it does not pay to grieve God's Holy Spirit.

Mr. M.--What would you advise your converts to do?

Mr. R.--When you were little babes, if you had had no milk, no
clothing, and no rest, you would not have lived very long. You are
now the result of your fathers' and mothers' care. When a man is
born in the family of God he has life; but he needs food. "Man doth
not live by bread alone." If you do not feed upon God's promises you
will be of no use in God's service: it will be well for you if your
life does not die out altogether before long. Then you need
exercise. If you only take food, and do no work, you will soon
suffer from what I may call spiritual apoplexy. When you get hold of
a promise, go and tell it to others. The best way for me to get help
for myself is by trying to help others. There is one great promise
that young disciples should never forget: "He that watereth shall be
watered also himself."

Mr. M.--How are they to begin?

Mr. R.--I believe there are some rich ladies and rich gentlemen on
the platform. When such persons are brought to the Lord, they are
apt to be ashamed to speak about salvation to their old companions.
If our Christian ladies would go amongst other ladies; Christian
gentlemen amongst gentlemen of their own class; and so on we should
see a grand work for Christ. Each of you have some friends or
relations whom you can influence better than anybody else can. Begin
with them; and God will give you such a taste for work that you will
not be content to stay at home: you will go and work outside as
well.

Mr. M.--A good place to start in would be the kitchen, would it not?
Begin with some little kitchen meetings. Let some of you get fifteen
or twenty mothers together; and ask them to bring their young
children with them. Sing some of these sweet hymns; read a few
verses of Scripture; get your lips opened; and you will find that
streams of salvation will be breaking out all around. I always think
that every convert ought to be good for a dozen others right away.

Mr. R.--Let me tell a little incident in my own experience. I was
once asked to go and see a great man and tell him about Christ. He
did not expect me; and if I had known that, perhaps I should not
have had the faith to go at all. When I went he was very angry and
very nearly turned me out of the house. He was an old man, and had
one little daughter. A few weeks afterwards he went to the
Continent, and his daughter went with him. One day when he was very
ill he saw his daughter looking at him, while the tears rolled down
her cheeks. "My child," he said, "what are you crying about?" "Oh,
papa, you do not love the Lord Jesus Christ; I am afraid you are
going to hell!" "Why do you say that?" "Do you not remember when Mr.
Rainsford called to see you, you were very rude to him? I never saw
you so angry. And he only wished to speak to you about Jesus."
"Well, my child, you shall read to me about Jesus." If that man has
gone to heaven--I do not say whether he has or not--the only light
he had he got from his little daughter. You set to work; and you
cannot tell what may be the result, by the blessing of God.

   "Sons of God, beloved in Jesus
      Oh, the wondrous word of grace!
   In His Son the Father sees us,
      And as sons He gives us place.

   Blessed power now brightly beaming--
      On our God we soon shall gaze;
   And in light celestial gleaming
      We shall see our Saviour's face.

   By the power of grace transforming
      We shall then His image bear;
   Christ His promised word performing,
      We shall then His glory share."

_El Nathan_



II.--MR. MOODY AND REV. MARCUS RAINSFORD.


HOW TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN.


MR. MOODY.--Mr. Rainsford, how can one make room in their heart for
Christ?

Rev. M. Rainsford.--First, do we really want Christ to be in our
hearts? If we do, the best thing will be to ask Him to come and make
room for Himself. He will surely come and do so. "I can do all
things through Christ which strengtheneth me." "Without Me ye can do
nothing."

Mr. M.--Will Christ crowd out the world if He comes in?

Mr. R.--He spake a parable to that effect. "When a strong man armed
keepeth his palace [the poor sinner's heart], his goods are in
peace. But when a stronger than he shall come upon him and overcome
him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted [unbelief,
false views of God, worldliness, and love of sin], and divideth his
spoils." The devil keeps the heart, because Christ desires it for
His throne--until Christ drives Him out.

Mr. M.--What is the meaning of the promise?--"Him that _cometh_ unto
Me I will in no wise cast out."

Mr. R.--I think we often put the emphasis upon the wrong word.
People are troubled about how they are going to come, when they
should put the emphasis on Him to whom they are coming. "Him that
cometh unto Me I will in no wise cast out:" no matter how he may
come. I remember hearing this incident at an after-meeting. A
gentleman was speaking to an anxious inquirer, telling him to _come_
to Christ, to _trust_ in Christ; but the man seemed to get no
comfort. He said that was just where he found his difficulty. By and
by, another friend came and spoke to the anxious one. All he said
was: "Come to CHRIST; trust in CHRIST." The man saw it in a minute.
He went and told the other gentleman, "I see the way of salvation
now." "Tell me," said he, "what did that man say to you?" "Well, he
told me to trust in Christ." "That is what I told you." "Nay, you
bade me _trust_ in Christ, and _come_ to Christ; he bade me trust in
_Christ_, and come to _Christ_." That made all the difference.

Mr. M.--What does Christ mean by the words "_in no wise?_"

Mr. R.--It means that if the sins of all sinners on earth and all
the devils in hell were upon your soul, He will not refuse you. Not
even in the range of God's omniscience is there a reason why Christ
will refuse any poor sinner who comes to Him for pardon.

Mr. M.--What is the salvation He comes to proclaim and to bestow?

Mr. R.--To deliver us from the power of darkness and the bottomless
pit, and set us upon the throne of glory. It is salvation from death
and hell, and curse and ruin. But that is only the half of it. It is
salvation to God, and light, and glory, and honor, and immortality;
and from earth to heaven.

Mr. M.--If the friends here do not come and get this salvation, what
will be the true reason?

Mr. R.--Either they are fond of some sin which they do not intend to
give up, or they do _not_ believe they are in a lost condition, and
under the curse of God, and therefore do not feel their need of Him
who "came to seek and to save that which was lost." Or they do not
believe God's promises. I have sometimes asked a man, "Good friend,
are you saved!" "Well, no, I am not saved." "Are you lost?" "Oh, God
forbid! I am not lost." "Where are you, then, if you are neither
saved nor lost?" May God wake us up to the fact that we are all in
one state or the other!

Mr. M.--What if any of them should fall into sin after they have
come to Christ?

Mr. R.--God has provided for the sins of His people, committed after
they come to Christ, as surely as for their sins committed before
they came to Him. Christ "ever liveth to make intercession for all
that come unto God by Him." "If we say that we have no sin we
deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. If we confess our
sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse
us from all unrighteousness." . . . . For, "if any man sin, we have
an Advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. And He is
the propitiation for our sins." He will take care of our sinful,
tried and tempted selves, if we trust ourselves to Him.

Mr. M.--Is it not said that if we sin willfully after we have
received the knowledge of the truth, "there remaineth _no more_
sacrifice for sins?"

Mr. R.--Yes. Paul wrote it in his Epistle to the Hebrews. Some of
them were trifling with the blood of Christ, reverting to the types
and shadows of the Levitical Law, and trusting to a fulfilled ritual
for salvation. He is not referring to _ordinary acts of sin_. By
sinning willfully he means, as he explains it, a "_treading under
foot the Son of God_," and a total and final apostatizing from
Christ. Those who reject or neglect Him will find no other sacrifice
for sin remaining. Before Christ came the Jewish ceremonies were
shadows of the good things to come; but Christ was the substance of
them. But now that he has come to put away sin by the sacrifice of
Himself, there is no other sacrifice for sin remaining for those who
reject Him. God will send no other Saviour, and no further
atonement; no second "fountain shall be opened for sin and
uncleanness." There remains, therefore, nothing for the rejector of
salvation by Christ, but "a fearful looking-for of judgment."

Mr. M.--There are some who say they do not know that they have the
right kind of faith.

Mr. R.--God does not ask us if we have the right kind of faith. He
tells us the right thing to believe, and the right faith is to
believe the _right thing_, even what God has told us and promised
us. If I told you, Mr. Moody, that I had found a hymn-book last
night you would believe me, would you not? (Mr. Moody: Yes.) Suppose
I said it was the valuable one _you_ lost the other night, you would
believe me also just the same. There is no difference in the _kind_
of faith; the difference is in the _thing believed_. When the Son of
God tells me that He died for sinners, that is a fact for my faith
to lay hold of: the faith itself is not some thing to be considered.
I do not look at my hand, when I take a gift, and wonder what sort
of a hand it is. I look at the gift.

Mr. M.--What about those people who say their hearts are so hard,
and they have no love to Christ?

Mr. R.--Of course they are hard and cold. No man loves Christ till
he believes that Christ loves him. "We love Him, because He first
loved us." It is the love of God shed abroad in our hearts by the
Holy Ghost that makes the change.

Mr. M.--Paul said he was "crucified with Christ." what did he mean?

Mr. R.--Oh, that is a grand text! Thank God I have been "crucified
with Christ." The Cross of Christ represents the death due to the
sinner who had broken God's laws. When Christ was crucified every
member of His body was crucified: but every believer that was, or
is, or shall be, is a member of Christ's body, of His flesh, and of
His bones. Again, we read: "Whether one member suffer, all the
members suffer with it; or one member be honored, all the members
rejoice with it: now ye are the body of Christ, and members in
particular." So when Christ was crucified for sin, I was also
crucified in Him; and now I am dead and gone as far as my old self
is concerned. I have already suffered for sin in Him. Yes; I am dead
and buried with Christ. That is the grand truth that Paul laid hold
upon. I am stone dead as a sinner in the sight of God. As it is
written, I am "become dead to the law by the body of Christ, that I
might be married to another, even to Him who is raised from the
dead, that I should bring forth fruit unto God." "I am crucified
with Christ; nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in
me;" and God Himself commands me so to regard my standing before Him
as His believing child. "In that Christ died, He died, unto sin
once: but in that He liveth, He liveth unto God. _Likewise reckon ye
also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin_, but _alive unto God_
through Jesus Christ our Lord."

Mr. M.--Should not a man repent a good deal before he comes to
Christ?

Mr. R.--"Repent a good deal!" I do not think any man repents in the
true sense of the word till he loves Christ and hates sin. There are
many false repentances in the Bible. We are told that Pharaoh
repented when the judgment of God came upon him, and he said, "I
have sinned;" but as soon as the judgment passed away, he went back
to his sin. We read that Balaam said: "I have sinned." Yet "he loved
the wages of unrighteousness." When Saul lost his kingdom he
repented; "I have sinned," he said. When Judas Iscariot found that
he had made a great mistake, he said: "I have sinned, in that I have
betrayed innocent blood;" yet he went "to his own place." I would
not give much for these repentances; I would rather have Peter's
repentance: when Christ looked upon His fallen saint it broke His
heart, and he went out and wept bitterly. Or the repentance of the
Prodigal, when his father's arms were around his neck, and his
kisses on his cheek, and he said, "Father, I have sinned against
heaven and before thee, and am no more worthy to be called thy son."

Mr. M.--What is your title to heaven?

Mr. R.--The Person, the Life, Death, and Righteousness, of the
God-man, the Son of God, my Substitute, and my Saviour.

Mr. M.--How do you obtain that?

Mr. R.--By receiving Him. "As many as received Him, to them gave He
authority to become the sons of God, even to them that believed on
His name."

Mr. M.--What is your meetness for heaven?

Mr. R.--The Holy Ghost dwelling in my heart is my fitness for
heaven. I have only to get there; and I have, by this great gift,
all tastes, desires, and faculties, for it: I have the eyes to
contemplate it: I have the ears for heaven's music: and I can speak
the language of the country. The Holy Ghost in me is my fitness and
qualification for the splendid inheritance for which the Son of God
has redeemed me.

Mr. M.--Would you make a distinction between Christ's work for us
and the Spirit's work in us?

Mr. R.--Christ's work for me is the payment of my debt; the giving
me a place in my Father's home, the place of sonship in my Father's
family. The Holy Spirit's work in me is to make me fit for His
company.

Mr. M.--You distinguish, then, between the work of the Father, the
work of the Son, and the work of the Holy Ghost.

Mr. R.--Thanks be to God, I have them all, and I want them
all--Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. I read that my Heavenly Father took
my sins and laid them on Christ; "The Lord hath laid on Him the
iniquity of us all." No one else had a right to touch them. Then I
want the Son, who "His own self bare my sins in His own body on a
tree." And I want the Holy Ghost. I should know nothing about this
great salvation, and care nothing for it, if the Holy Ghost had not
come and told me the story, and given me grace to believe it.

Mr. M.--What is meant when we are told that Christ saves "to the
uttermost?"

Mr. R.--That is another grand truth. Some people are troubled by the
thought that they will not be able to hold out if they come to
Christ. There are so many crooked ways, and pitfalls, and snares in
the world; there is the power of the flesh, and the snare of the
devil. So they fear they will never get home. The idea of the
passage is this. Suppose you are on the top of some splendid
mountain, very high up. You look away to where the sun sets, and you
see many a river, and many a country, and many a barren waste
between. Christ is able to save you through and over them all, out
and out, and beyond to the uttermost.

Mr. M.--Suppose a man came in here just out of prison: all his life
he has been falling, falling, till he has become discouraged. Can
Christ save him all at once?

Mr. R.--It is just as easy for Christ to save a man with the weight
of ten thousand sins upon him and all his chains around him, as to
save a man with one sin. If a man has offended in one point, the
Scripture says he is guilty of all.

Mr. M.--If a man is forgiven, will he go out and do the same thing
to-morrow?

Mr. R.--Well, I hope not. All I can say is that if we do, we shall
smart for it. I have done many a thing since the Lord revealed
Himself to my soul that I should not have done--I have gone backward
and downward; but I have always found that it does not pay when I do
anything that grieves my Heavenly Father. I think He sometimes
allows us to taste the bitterness of what it is to depart from Him.
And this is one of the many ways by which He keeps us from falling.

Mr. M.--What do you consider to be the great sin of sins?

Mr. R.--The Word of God tells us that there is only one sin of which
God alone can convince us. If I cut a man's throat or if I steal, it
does not need God to convince me that that is a sin. But it takes
the power of the Holy Ghost to convince me that not to receive
Christ, not to love Christ, not to believe in Christ, is the sin of
sins, the root of sins. Christ says, "When the Spirit is come, He
will convince the world of sin, _because they believe not on Me_."

Mr. M.--What do you mean by the Word of God?

Mr. R.--The Son of God is the Word of God incarnate: the Bible is
the Word of God written. The one is the Word of God in my nature:
the other is the Word of God in my language.

Mr. M.--If a man receives the word of God into his heart, what
benefit is it to him, right here to-night?

Mr. R.--The Father and the Son will make their abode with him; and
he will be the temple of the Holy Ghost. Where He goes the whole
Trinity goes; and all the promises are his. "Man doth not live by
bread alone; but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of
God."

Mr. M.--Who is it that judges a man to be unworthy of eternal life?

Mr. R.--_Himself!!_ There is a verse in Acts xiii that is worth
remembering: "Seeing ye put it [the Word of God] from you, and judge
_yourselves_ unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the
Gentiles." God does not judge us unworthy. He has given His Son for
our salvation. When a man puts away the Word of God from him and
refuses to receive Christ into his heart, he judges _himself_
unworthy of salvation.

Mr. M.--I understand, then, that if a man rejects Christ to-night,
he passes judgment on himself as unworthy of eternal life?

Mr. R.--He is judging himself unworthy, while God does not so
consider him. God says you are welcome to eternal life.

Mr. M.--If any one here wants to please God to-night, how can he do
it?

Mr. R.--God delights in mercy. Come to God and claim His mercy in
Christ; and you will delight His heart.

Mr. M.--Suppose a man say he is not "elected?"

Mr. R.--Do you remember the story of the woman of Canaan? Poor soul;
she had come a long journey. She asked the Lord to have mercy on her
afflicted child. He wanted to try her faith, and He said: "I am not
sent but to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." That looked as
if He Himself told her that she was not one of the elect. But she
came and worshipped Him, saying, "Lord, help me!" and He helped her
there and then. No; there is no election separating between the
sinner and Christ.

Mr. M.--Say that again.

Mr. R.--There is no election separating between the sinner and
christ.

Mr. M.--What is there between the sinner and Christ?

Mr. R.--Mercy!! Mercy!!

Mr. M.--That brings me near to Christ.

Mr. R.--So near that we cannot be nearer. But we must claim it. In
John we get God's teaching about election. "This is the Father's
will which hath sent Me, that of all which He hath given Me I should
lose _nothing_; but should raise it up again at the last day." He
will do his work, you may depend upon it. Then in the next verse we
read: "And this is the will of Him that sent Me, that _every one_
which seeth the Son, and _believeth_ on Him, may have everlasting
life: and I will raise him up at the last day." That is the part I
am to take: and when I have done so I shall know the Father's will
concerning me.

Mr. M.--What do you mean by the New Birth?

Mr. R.--I judge it by what I know of the Old Birth. I was born of
human parents into the human family; so I belong to Adam's race by
nature and by generation, and I inherit Adam's sin and curse
accordingly. The new birth is from my union by faith with the second
Adam; but this is by _grace_, not nature: and when I receive the
Lord Jesus Christ I am born of God--not by generation, but by
regeneration. As I am united to the first Adam by nature and
generation, so I am united by faith through grace and regeneration
to the second Adam, and inherit all His fullness accordingly.

Mr. M.--What is the meaning of being "saved by the Blood?"

Mr. R.--A gentleman asked me that in the inquiry-room; "What do you
mean by the shed Blood?" It is the poured-out life of the Son of God
forfeited as the atonement for sinners' sins.

Mr. M.--Is it available now?

Mr. R.--Yes; as much as ever it was.

Mr. M.--You mean it is just as powerful to-day as it was eighteen
hundred years ago when He shed it?

Mr. R.--If the blood of Abel cried out for vengeance against his
slayer, how much more does the blood of Christ cry out for pardon
for all who plead it! "It cleanseth (present tense) from all sin."

Mr. M.--How do you get faith?

Mr. R.--By hearing God's Word. "Faith cometh by hearing; and hearing
by the Word of God."

Mr. M.--How do you get the Holy Ghost?

Mr. R.--In the same way as you get faith. The Holy Ghost uses the
Word as the chariot by which He enters the believer's soul. The
Gospel is called "the ministration of the Spirit."

Mr. M.--Is the Word of God addressed to all here?

Mr. R.--"He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to
the Churches" (Rev. iii 22).

Mr. M.--What is the Gospel?

Mr. R.--"Good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people."
If our Gospel, proclaiming life, pardon, and peace, is not as
applicable for salvation to the vilest harlot here as to the
greatest saint in London, it is not Christ's Gospel we preach.

Mr. M.--What reason does the Scripture give tor the Gospel being hid
to some?

Mr. R.--It is "hid to them that are lost; in whom the God of this
world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the
light of the glorious Gospel of Christ, who is the image of God,
should shine into them." May God open all our eyes, and take away
the veil of unbelief with which the devil may be blinding any of us!

Mr. M.--Are there not many who give an intellectual assent to all
these things; and who yet have no power, and no divine life?

Mr. R.--An intellectual assent is not faith. I have never found
anyone who really believed God's Word who did not get power in
believing it. People may _assent_ to it; but I do not admit that
that is believing it. I do not think there is any man or woman here
who really believes the Gospel of the grace of God, who has not been
taught it by the Holy Ghost. I could easily cross-examine any one of
those "intellectual believers" who imagines he believes God, but
really does not; and he would break down in a few minutes.

Mr. M.--For whom, then, did Christ die?

Mr. R.--For "the ungodly."

Mr. M.--Why is salvation obtained by faith?

Mr. R.--That it might be by grace. "For this cause it is of faith,
that it may be according to grace?"

Mr. M.--How may a man know if he has eternal life?

Mr. R.--By not treating God as if He were a liar, when He tells us
He has given us eternal life in His Son.

Mr. M.--What is the means by which the New Birth we were speaking of
is effected?

Mr. R.--"Of His own will begat He us with the _word of truth_."
"Being _born again_, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible,
by the _Word of God_ . . . . and this is the Word, which by the
Gospel is preached unto you."

   "Oh, the wondrous love of Jesus
      To redeem us with His blood!
   Through His all-atoning merit,
      He has brought us near to God:
   For the boundless grace that saves us
      We His name will magnify;
   He is coming in His glory,
      We shall see Him by and by!

   Oh, the wondrous love of Jesus
      To redeem our souls from death!
   We will thank Him, we will praise Him,
      While His mercy lends us breath:
   We are waiting--only waiting--
      Till He comes our souls to bear
   To the Home beyond the shadows,
      In His Kingdom over there!"

_F. J. Crosby_



III.--MR. MOODY AND MR. RADSTOCK.


WHAT IT IS TO BE CONVERTED.


MR. MOODY: Christ says, "Except ye be converted, and become as
little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven."
What is it to be converted?

Mr. Radstock: To be "converted" is to turn to God, who is the only
one that can save. We cannot save ourselves even by our religion.
Therefore, in order to salvation we must turn to God, who alone has
the grace, the wisdom, and the power to save.

Mr. M.--What is it to be born of the Spirit?

Mr. R.--Man, by nature, cannot enter into the thoughts of God. He
cannot hold communion with God until he has a new nature. The
natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: he has no
capacity until he has the new life which God will give him by the
power of the Holy Ghost.

Mr. M.--Can he get that to-day if he repents?

Mr. R.--Yes. Repentance means a change of mind--a turning away from
his own thoughts to hear the voice and the message of God. If we
listen to the voice of God and confess our sins, God is "faithful
and just to forgive us our sins."

Mr. M.--To whom are we to confess our sins?

Mr. R.--When the light of God comes in, we see that we are guilty
before him; then we are constrained to go and lay our case before
Him. If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us.

Mr. M.--There is a passage that says the Lord Jesus Christ bear our
sins. In what sense did He bear our sins.

Mr. R.--The Lord Jesus Christ had really laid to His charge sins
which He had never committed. He was punished as if He had been the
sinner. Therefore on the cross He cried out, "My God, my God, why
hast Thou forsaken me?" God was dealing with Jesus as if He had
really been the guilty one.

Mr. M.--Do we get any help by believing that?

Mr. R.--When I believe God's testimony, God's witness about Jesus, I
then can trust myself to God, Giving myself to God, God becomes my
Saviour.

Mr. M.--Have these friends the power to believe?

Mr. R.--They are commanded to believe. They can believe it just as
well as they can believe any other fact, if they only listen to
God's voice. But they must get rid of their own thoughts, and listen
to God: Hearing His voice they will believe. "Faith cometh by
hearing: and hearing by the Word of God."

Mr. M.--All the sinner has to do is to repose in the promises of
God?

Mr. R.--Simply to trust Himself to God.

Mr. M.--What would you say to a man who says he has tried a good
many times and failed; and who has become discouraged?

Mr. R.--That man has probably made a good many resolutions, hoping
that he would gradually make himself a Christian by going through
this or that process, or by doing this or that thing. Of course he
failed, because he tried to make himself a Christian. Instead of
trying to save himself, let him trust in God, who has pledged His
word that every one who believes on the Lord Jesus Christ has at
that moment everlasting life.

Mr. M.--Should a man not break off from some of his sins before he
comes to God? Suppose he swears or has a bad temper, should he not
get a little control over his temper, or stop swearing, before he
comes to Christ?

Mr. R.--God knows that a man's nature is wrong: therefore He has
promised to give a man a new nature. We must therefore go to God,
just as a man goes to a physician, because he needs to be cured of
some disease.

Mr. M.--Can a drunkard or a blasphemer be saved all at once?

Mr. R.--Paul says: "To him that worketh not, but believeth on Him
that justifieth the ungodly" bad people, lost people, ruined
people--"his faith is counted for righteousness." When he believes
God, God becomes his Saviour. God is the friend of sinners.

Mr. M.--What is it to believe God?

Mr. R.--To take Him at His word.

Mr. M.--Do you not think there are a good many here who believe that
Jesus Christ is the Saviour of the world; and yet they are not
saved?

Mr. R.--No doubt; because they have not believed for themselves. A
man at the time of the Deluge, for instance, might have said, "Yes,
I believe it is a very good ark indeed; and that it will save those
who get into it." But it does not follow that he got into it
himself. The ark only saved those who went into it. So, when a man
trusts in Jesus Christ for himself, Jesus becomes his personal and
eternal Saviour.

Mr. M.--What if he should fall into sin after he has believed in
Christ?

Mr. R.--"These things write I unto you that ye sin not," says John;
"and if any man sin, we have an Advocate with the Father." The Good
Physician will not give up His case because of the disease; He will
deal with it. The Good Shepherd will not turn His poor wandering
sheep away; He will go after it, and bring it back. He has promised
that He will save His people _from_ their sins.

Mr. M.--Is salvation within the reach of every man here tonight?

Mr. R.--Jesus said, "God so loved the world that He gave his only
begotten Son, that _whosoever_ believeth in Him should not perish,
but have everlasting life."

Mr. M.--But some say they do not feel that; they do not realize it.

Mr. R.--When they take God at His word, and cast themselves upon
Him, whether they feel it or not--when they confess Jesus Christ as
their Lord--the Holy Ghost will come as a power to make them realize
it. For instance, a man at the time of the Deluge might have stood
outside the ark, and said, "I cannot realize how this ark will lift
me up above the waters." But if he were inside when the flood came
he would realize it. The sinner must believe first, and have his
experience afterwards. A man is told that a certain train will take
him to Edinburgh. He has never been there: he does not understand
about this particular train; and he cannot realize that it will take
him there. But he knows that he may trust the friend who told him;
so he gets into the train. Then he realizes that he is in the train;
by and by he will be able to realize that he is in Edinburgh.

Mr. M.--Would you advise people to come to God as they are, with
their unfeeling, treacherous, hard hearts--with any kind of heart?

Mr. R.--God has provided this salvation for lost sinners--those who
are thoroughly bad and corrupt. It is for such that God has shown
His salvation, His love, His grace.

Mr. M.--What would you say to any one who thinks he has no power to
believe?

Mr. R.--He _has_ the power to believe. Probably he is trying to
believe something about himself; to feel something about himself
instead of giving credit to God--He is not asked to realize this or
that about himself, but to believe the faithful God.

Mr. M.--Some say they have no power to overcome a besetting sin?

Mr. R.--Jesus came proclaiming liberty to the captives. As we read
in the beautiful words of the Church of England Prayer-book: "Though
we be tied and bound by the chains of our sin, let the pitifulness
of Thy mercy save us." Jesus Christ takes the prisoners of sin and
breaks off their chains.

Mr. M.--There is something said about confessing Christ. Would you
advise any one who wants to become a Christian to start right here
by confessing Christ with the mouth?

Mr. R.--God is already on your side, whoever you are. Christ is
Immanuel--God with us and for us. He is already on your side,
whether you believe it or not. Now it is for you to decide whether
He shall be your Saviour. He says that if you own Him as Lord--who
is now the one rejected by the world--He is responsible to be your
Saviour from that moment.





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