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´╗┐Title: A Syllabus of Kentucky Folk-Songs
Author: Shearin, Hubert G. (Hubert Gibson), 1878-, Combs, Josiah Henry, 1886-1960
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "A Syllabus of Kentucky Folk-Songs" ***

by The Kentuckiana Digital Library)

Transcriber's note

Archaic and variable spelling has been preserved. Minor punctuation
errors have been corrected without notice. A few obvious typographical
errors have been corrected, and they are listed at the end of this book.

     Transylvania University Studies in English


     A Syllabus of Kentucky Folk-Songs


     HUBERT G. SHEARIN, A. M. Ph. D.
     Professor of English Philology in Transylvania University


     Editor of The Transylvanian

     Transylvania Printing Company
     Lexington, Kentucky


     R. M. S.


This syllabus, or finding-list, is offered to lovers of folk-literature
in the hope that it may not be without interest and value to them for
purposes of comparison and identification. It includes 333 items,
exclusive of 114 variants, and embraces all popular songs that have so
far come to hand as having been "learned by ear instead of by eye," as
existing through oral transmission--song-ballads, love-songs,
number-songs, dance-songs, play-songs, child-songs, counting-out rimes,
lullabies, jigs, nonsense rimes, ditties, etc.

There is every reason to believe that many more such await the
collector; in fact, their number is constantly being increased even
today by the creation of new ones, by adaptation of the old, and even by
the absorption and consequent metamorphosis, of literary,
quasi-literary, or pseudo-literary types into the current of oral

This collection, then, is by no means complete: means have not been
available for a systematic and scientific search for these folk-songs,
which have been gathered very casually during the past five years
through occasional travel, acquaintanceship, and correspondence in only
the twenty-one following counties: Fayette, Madison, Rowan, Elliott,
Carter, Boyd, Lawrence, Morgan, Johnson, Pike, Knott, Breathitt, Clay,
Laurel, Rockcastle, Garrard, Boyle, Anderson, Shelby, Henry, and
Owen--all lying in Central and Eastern Kentucky.

All of the material listed has thus been collected in this State, though
a variant of The Jew's Daughter, page 8, has come by chance from
Michigan, and another of The Pretty Mohee, page 12, was sent from
Georgia. The Cumberland Mountain region, in the eastern part of the
State, has naturally furnished the larger half of the material, because
of local conditions favorable to the propagation of folk-song. However,
sections of Kentucky lying farther to the westward are almost equally
prolific. The wide extension of the same ballad throughout the State
argues convincingly for the unity of the Kentucky stock--a fact which
may be confirmed in more ways than one.

The arrangement is as follows: The material in hand is loosely grouped
in eighteen sections, according to origin, chronology, content, or form.
Though logically at fault, because of the cross-division thus inevitably
entailed, this plan has seemed to be the best. No real confusion will
result to the user in consequence. In fact, no matter what system be
adopted, certain songs will belong equally well to two or more different

Under each of these eighteen main divisions the treatment of the
individual song-ballad is in general as follows: First, stands the
title, with variant titles in parentheses. Should this be unknown, a
caption coined by the editors is placed in brackets. Secondly, a Roman
numeral immediately follows the above to denote the number of versions,
if variants have been found. Thirdly, the prosodical character of the
song is roughly indicated by a combination of letters and numerals. Each
letter indicates a line; the variation in the letters indicates, in the
usual fashion, the rime-scheme of the stanza. Each numeral indicates the
number of stresses in the line (or lines) denoted by the letter (or
letters) immediately succeeding it. When a chorus, burden, or refrain is
present, the metrical scheme of this stands immediately after an "and,"
as, for example, in The Blue and the Gray, page 14. In the case of the
refrain, the letters used are independent of those immediately preceding
the "and," and denoting the rime-scheme of the stanza proper. Fourthly,
an Arabic numeral follows to indicate the number of stanzas in the song,
exclusive of the refrain, should one be present. If the number of
stanzas in a ballad is indeterminable, because its form is fragmentary,
or because its variant versions differ in length, this fact is indicated
by an appended ca (_circa_). Sixth, and last, is a synopsis, or other
attempt to give briefly such data as may serve to complete the

Illustration of the third item above may be helpful. Thus in Pretty
Polly, on page 7, 4aabb indicates a quatrain riming in couplets, with
four stresses in each line. In Jackaro, page 9, 3abcb indicates a
quatrain riming alternately, with three stressed syllables in each line.
In The King's Daughter, page 7, 4a3b4c3b indicates a quatrain, with only
the second and fourth lines riming and with four stresses in the first
and third lines and three stresses in the second and fourth. In Johnnie
Came from Sea, page 14, 6aa denotes a rimed couplet, with six stresses
in each line.

It has, naturally, been difficult at times to decide whether certain
stanzas should be counted as couplets, or as quatrains half as long. In
such cases, the air, or tune, and other data, often rather subtle, have
been employed in making decisions. The quatrain form has in uncertain
instances been given the benefit of the doubt. Even thus, certain minor
inconsistencies will perhaps be noted. It is hardly necessary to add
that assonance freely occurs in the place of rime, and as such it is
considered throughout.

All attempt to indicate the prevailing metrical unit, or foot, within
the line has been frankly given over. Iambs, dactyls, and their ilk
receive scant courtesy from the composer of folk-song, who without qualm
or quaver will stretch one syllable, or even an utter silence (caesura),
into the time of a complete bar; while in the next breath he will with
equal equanimity huddle a dozen syllables into the same period.
Consequently, this item, even if it could be indicated, would have scant
descriptive value.

It is a pleasant duty to acknowledge gratefully the assistance of those
who have transmitted to our hands many of the songs: Mesdames J. W.
Combs, W. T. Phillips, Jennie L. Combs, Richard Smith, Martha Smith,
Ruth Hackney, W. F. Hays, Ollie Huff, Robin Cornett, Lucy Banks, Sarah
Burton, Kittie Jordan, and Ruby Martin; Misses Martha Jent, Maud Dean,
Virginia Jordan, Jessie Green, Lizzie Cody, Margaret Combs, Barbara
Smith, Helena E. Rose, Sarah Burton, Sarah Hillman, Cordia Bramblett,
Nannie S. Graham, Myrtle Wheeler, Melissa Holbrook, Rosetta Wheeler,
Ruth Hackney, Ora McDavid, Jeannette McDavid; Messrs. Wm. W. Berry,
Chas. Hackney, S. B. Wheeler, R. L. Morgan, Enoch Wheeler, Thos. H.
Hackney, James Goodman, W. S. Wheeler, Harry M. Morgan, Henry Lester, T.
G. Wheeler, C. F. Bishop, and John C. Jones.

Especially helpful as collaborators have been Messrs. Winfred Cox, Emory
E. Wheeler, Roud Shaw, A. B. Johnston, C. E. Phillips, and H.

Kind words or letters of appreciation and, in some cases, of suggestion,
from the following have encouraged the preparation of this syllabus:
Professors Alexander S. Mackenzie, of the Kentucky State University;
Clarence C. Freeman, of Transylvania University; John A. Lomax, of the
University of Texas; Albert H. Tolman, of the University of Chicago;
John M. McBride, Jr., of the University of the South; George Lyman
Kittredge, of Harvard University; Henry M. Belden, of the University of
Missouri; and Katherine Jackson, formerly of Bryn Mawr College, who has
most generously given the use of her manuscript collection. None of the
shortcomings of this brochure, however, can be imputed to them in the
slightest degree.



_The songs in this group are the survivors of English and Scottish
originals, found for the most part in the Child collection. Certain of
those given in sections II to XVIII below could doubtless, with due
effort, be identified in like manner._

9ca: Variants of Lady Isabel and the Elf Knight, Child, No. 4. By a
stratagem she drowns the lover just as he is about to drown her.

PRETTY POLLY, iv, 4aabb, 9ca: Parallel in general plot to the above,
save that she is led by the lover to an open grave and there slain. (Cf.
5, page 28.)

FAIR ELLENDER, 4a3b4c3b, 10: A variant of the Earl Brand cycle, Child,
No. 7.

LORD OF OLD COUNTRY, 4aa, with refrain as below, 10ca: A variant of The
Two Sisters, Child, No. 10.

     The miller was hung upon Fish-gate, Bosodown,
     The miller was hung upon Fish-gate,
     (These sons were sent to me)
     The miller was hung upon Fish-gate
     For drowning of my sister Kate!
     I'll be true, true to my true-love,
     If my love'll be true to me.

THE ROPE AND THE GALLOWS (LORD RANDAL), 4aa, 12ca: A variant of Lord
Randal, Child, No. 12.

EDWARD, 4a3b4c3b, 10: A variant of the Old World ballad of the same
name, Child, No. 13.

THE GREENWOOD SIDE (THREE LITTLE BABES), ii, 4a3b4c3b, 9: Variants of
The Cruel Mother, Child, No. 20.

LITTLE WILLIE, 4a3b4c3b, 5: A variant of The Two Brothers, Child, No.

LORD BATEMAN (THE TURKISH LADY), ii, 4abcb, 17ca: Variants of Young
Beichan, Child, No. 53.

Variants of Young Hunting, Child, No. 68.

LORD THOMAS AND FAIR ELLENDER, iii, 4a3b4c3b, 17ca: Variants of Lord
Thomas and Fair Elinor, Child, No. 73.

FAIR MARGARET AND SWEET WILLIAM, iv, 4a3b4c3b, 15ca: Variants of the Old
World ballad of the same name, Child, No. 74. (Published by Combs in
Jour. Am. Folklore, 23.381.)

LORD LOVELY, 4a3b4c3b, 9: A variant of Lord Lovel, Child, No. 75.

9ca: Variants of The Lass of Loch Royal, Child, No. 76. (Published by
Shearin, Mod. Lang. Review, Oct., 1911, p. 514.)

LORD VANNER'S (DANIEL'S) WIFE, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 17ca: Variants of Little
Musgrave and Lady Barnard, Child, No. 81.

BARBARA ALLEN, vi, 4a3b4c3b, 11ca: Variants of Barbara Allen's Cruelty,
Child, No. 84.

THE BAILIFF'S DAUGHTER OF ISLINGTON, 4a3b4c3b, 12: A variant of the Old
World ballad of the same name, Child, No. 105.

THE JEW'S DAUGHTER, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 12ca: Variants of Sir Hugh, Child, No.
155. One of the Kentucky versions makes the murdered boy's mother go
seeking him switch in hand, to punish him for not returning home before
nightfall. (Communicated by Dr. Katherine Jackson.)

THE HOUSE CARPENTER, iii, 4a3b4c3b, 13ca: Variants of The Demon Lover,
Child, No. 243.

DANDOO: A fragmentary variant of The Wife Wrapt in Wether's Skin, Child,
No. 277, as follows:

     He put the sheepskin to his wife's back, Dandoo;
     He put the sheepskin to his wife's back,
     Clima cli clash to ma clingo,
     He put the sheepskin to his wife's back,
     And he made the old switch go whickity-whack,
     Then rarum scarum skimble arum
     Skitty-wink skatty-wink
     Clima cli clash to ma clingo.

THE GREEN WILLOW TREE, metre as below, 11: A variant of The Golden
Vanitee, Child, No. 286.

     There was a ship sailed for the North Amerikee,
     From down in the lonesome Lowlands low--
     There was a ship sailed for the North Amerikee,
     And she went by the name of the Green Willow Tree,
     And she sailed from the Lowlands low.

THE DRIVER BOY (YOUNG EDWIN), 4a3b4c3b, 12; The above adapted to a
recital of Emily's love for the mail-driver boy and of his untimely

PRETTY PEGGY O, metre as below, 6: A fine lilting lyric of the Captain's
love for his lass; his farewell; and his death. It begins:

     As we marched down to Fernario,
     As we marched down to Fernario,
     Our captain fell in love with a lady like a dove,
     And they called her by name Pretty Peggy, O.

(Cf. Child, No. 299, Trooper and Maid. Published by Shearin, Sewanee
Review, July, 1911, p. 326.)

LADY GAY, 4a3b4c3b, 9: An English woman sends her three children to
America. They die on board ship, their shades return to the mother at
Christmas and warn her against pride. (Cf. Child, No. 79, The Wife of
Usher's Well, and a close variant from North Carolina in Kittredge's
Edition, p. 170.)

JACKARO, iv, 3abcb, 17ca: The daughter of a London silk merchant loves
Jack, the sailor-boy, against her father's will. Disguised as a man, she
follows him to "the wars of Germany," finds him wounded on the
battle-field, and nurses him back to health; then they are married. (Cf.
Child, 1857 ed., iv, p. 328. The Merchant's Daughter of Bristow, 4abab,
65: Maudlin disguised as a seaman follows her lover to Padua; they are
married, and return to England.)

THE FAN, ii, 4abcb, 12: A sea-captain and a lieutenant woo a lady. To
test their love she throws her fan into a den of lions. The sea-captain
recovers it and wins her. (Published by Shearin, Mod. Lang. Notes, 26.
113; for British originals see Belden, Sewanee Review, April, 1911, p.
218, and Kittredge, Mod. Lang. Notes, 26. 168.)

THE APPRENTICE BOY, iii, 4abcb, 12ca: Like Keats's Isabella, the
daughter of a merchant in a post-town loves her father's apprentice. He
is slain by her brothers and his body hidden in a valley. His ghost
reveals the murderers, who, striving to flee, are lost at sea.
(Identified by Belden with an English version, The Constant Farmer's
Son, in The Sewanee Review, April, 1911, p. 222.)


_The songs in this group are apparently of British origin. Material has
not been at hand to justify an attempt to establish their identity._

THE RICH MARGENT [MERCHANT], 2abcb, 12: Dinah, daughter of a rich London
merchant, loves Felix contrary to her father's wishes. Going into the
garden she drinks poison. Felix arrives and drains the rest of the
potion. Both are buried in one grave.

BENEATH THE ARCH OF LONDON BRIDGE, 4a3b4c3b and 4aaaa, 5ca: Here a man,
whose son has recently died, finds a waif. Struck by his resemblance to
his own heir, he adopts the orphan boy.

JACK WILSON, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 9: The confession of Jack Wilson, a Thames
boatman, awaiting execution in Newgate prison for robbery done in
Katherine Street, and his denunciation of the "false deluding girl" for
whose sake he had done the wrong.

THE OLD WOMAN OF LONDON, 3abcb, 6: She causes her husband to suck two
magic marrowbones, which blind him; then leading him to the river, she
essays to push him in to drown. But he steps aside, and she dies in his
stead. The refrain is:

     Sing tidri-i-odre-erdri-um,
     Sing fol-de-ri-o-day!

THE GOLDEN GLOVE, ii, 4aabb, 9: A mariner's daughter, about to be
married to a young squire of London, feigns illness, goes a-hunting on
the estate of her favored lover, a farmer, intentionally drops her
glove, and vows she will marry only the man who can return it. Of
course, the farmer is the lucky finder.

SHEARFIELD, 3abcb, 15: An apprentice in Sheffield recites his running
away to London, where he enters the service of an Irish Lady, who falls
in love with him. He, however, cares only for Polly Girl, her maid. His
jealous mistress, by a stratagem, causes him to be hanged for theft.

FAIR NOTAMON [NOTTINGHAM] TOWN, 4aabb, 7: An absurd recital, full of
obvious contradictions, of a countryman's visit to the city, where he
sees the royal progress:

     I called for a quart to drive gladness away
     To stifle the dust--it had rained the whole day.

weds young Henry, "a Highland man," and goes with him to London.
Deserted by him, she wanders forlorn to a sea-cliff and plunges in, to

WHO'LL BE KING BUT CHARLIE?, metre as below, 3: A rally-song upon the
landing of Charles Stuart, The Young Pretender, at Mordart, in
Inverness-shire, July, 1745, beginning:

     There's news from Mordart came yestreen,
       Will soon yastremony (sic) ferly,
     For ships o'er all have just come in
       And landed royal Charlie.

(Published by Shearin, Sewanee Review, July, 1911, p. 323.)

CUBECK'S [CUPID'S] GARDEN, 3abcb, 16: The poet overhears a lady and her
father's apprentice a-courting in "Cubeck's Garden." The angry parent
banishes the lad, who goes to sea, is promoted, draws forty thousand
pounds in a lottery, returns and marries his fair love.

WILLIAM HALL, ii, 4abcb, 11ca: He is a young farmer of "Domesse-town"
and loves a "gay young lady" of "Pershelvy-town" against her parents'
wishes. Banished by them to sea, he returns, finds by a ruse that the
lady is yet faithful, and marries her.

ROSANNA, 4aabb, 6ca (fragmentary): Silimentary, the lover, bids Rosanna
farewell, and is later lost at sea; at the news she stabs herself with a
silver dagger.

MARY OF THE WILD MOOR, 3ab4c3b, 8: She, with her babe, returns one
winter night to her father's door to seek forgiveness and protection, is
rebuffed by him, and perishes in the snow.

BETSY BROWN, 4aabb, 8: John loves Betsy, the waiting-maid; his old
mother objects and packs her off across the sea. He dies of grief.

THE ROMISH LADY, 6aabb (or 3abcb), 12 (or 24): "Brought up in popery,"
she obtains a Bible and turns Protestant, is tried before the Pope, is
condemned, bids farewell to mother, father, and tormentors, and is
burned at the stake.


_The songs of this group are connected more or less closely with
American colonial times. For most of them it is fair to infer a British

[TO AMERICA], ii, 4aabb, 8ca: An [English] sailor, bound for America to
serve his King, is forgotten by his sweetheart. Returning to her
father's hall, he finds her married, and vows to return to Charlestown,
where cannon-balls are flying.

THE SILK MERCHANT'S DAUGHTER, 2aa, 17: A London lad and his sweetheart
set sail for America. The ship springs a leak, the passengers drift in a
long-boat. Lot falls to the girl to be slain, her lover takes her place.
A passing ship carries them back to London, and they are married.

THE PRETTY MOHEE (MAUMEE), iii, 4aabb, 7: An Indian maid falls in love
with a young adventurer and wooes him. He tells her he must return to
his love across the sea. This he does, but dissatisfied returns to the
"pretty Mohee."

SWEET JANE. 4a3b4c3b, 12: Her lover sails for America "to dig the golden
ore," "loads up" his trunk with it, and after many trials reaches home,
across the main, and reclaims his bride.


_The songs of this group find their common bond in their reference to
Ireland, where some of them undoubtedly had their origin._

IRISH MOLLY O, 6aabb and 6aabb(?), 7: A Scotch laddie, MacDonald, falls
in love with "Irish Molly." Scorned by her parents, he wanders about,
signifying his intention to die for her, and suggests an appropriate
inscription for his tombstone. (See an Old World variant in Brooke and
Rolleston's Treasury of Irish Poetry, p. 15, Macmillan, 1905.)

WILLIAM RILEY, 6aabb, 7: Eloping with Polly Ann, he is brought back to
trial by her irate father, is defended by an aged lawyer, is
transported, and departs wearing the maiden's ring. (See an Old World
variant in the volume just named, p. 6.)

ROVING IRISH BOY, 4a3b4c3b, 12: He lands in Philadelphia and "makes a
hit" with the ladies. Then he visits "other parts"--among the Dutch of
Bucks County, he meets an inn-keeper's daughter, and leaves off

THE WAXFORD GIRL, 4a3b4c3b, 6: A youth murders his sweetheart and throws
her into a stream. He tells his mother, who sees the blood on his
clothes, that his nose has been bleeding. He is haunted by the ghost of
the dead girl. (Cf. Lizzie Wan, Child, No. 51, and Miller-boy, page 28.)

PATTY ON THE CANAL, 3abcb and 3abcb, 9: Pat lands in "Sweet Philadelphy"
and soon "makes himself handy" on the canal, likewise among the girls,
whose mothers become anxious. He is a "Jackson man up to the handle."

MOLLY, 6aabb, 4: An Irish lad comes to America, courts Molly, but
against her parents' will. He goes to serve a foreign king for seven
years, returns, and finds that Molly has died of grief.

JOHNNIE CAME FROM SEA, 6aa, 10: Irish Johnnie escapes a shipwreck and
lands in America. Thinking him penniless, a landlord refuses him his
daughter's hand. Johnnie "draws out handfuls of gold" and departs, to
drink "good brandy."

IRISH GIRL, a fragment, as follows:

     So costly were the robes of silk
     The Irish girl did wear--
     Her hair was as black as a raven,
     Her eyes were black as a crow,
     Her cheeks were red as roses
     That in the garden grow.


_The songs of this group are based upon incidents or events of the Civil

BOUNTY JUMPERS, 3abcb, 9: Sam Downey, a soldier, "jumps his bounty," and
is apprehended in Baltimore. Refusing to return the money, he is shot by
the military authorities.

HIRAM HUBBERT, 3abcb, 9: Hiram Hubbert is taken by the Rebels in the
guerrilla warfare in the Cumberland Mountains, tried, tied to a tree and
shot. He leaves a last letter of farewell to his family.

THE GUERRILLA MAN, 3a3b4c3b, 5: A Southern soldier goes to Shelby
County, Ky., and falls in love with a "Rebel girl," who loves him in
spite of the opposition of her mother, and determines to follow him.

MURFREESBORO, 4a3b4c3b, 7: A Union soldier lies dying on the
battlefield. He sends to his mother and sweetheart a message recounting
his bravery.

BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG (THE TWO SOLDIERS), ii, 4a3b4c3b, 13: Two comrades
promise each other to bear messages, in the event of death to either of
them on the field--one to a sweetheart, the other to a mother.

THE BLUE AND THE GRAY, 4a3b4c3b4d3e4f4e and 4a3b4c3b3e4f3e, 2: A mother
has lost two sons in gray, at Appomattox and at Chickamauga. Her third
has just died in blue at Santiago.

ZOLLICOFFER: A fragment as follows:

     Old Zollicoffer's dead, and the last word he said
       Was, "I'm going back South; they're a-gaining."
     If he wants to save his soul, he had better keep his hole,
       Or we'll land him in the happy land of Canaan.

I'M GOING TO JOIN THE ARMY, 3abcb, 12: A volunteer's farewell to his
sweetheart as he leaves for Pensacola, her fears, and his promise to

[COME ALL, YE SOUTHERN SOLDIERS], 3abcb, 8: A volunteer, aged sixteen,
from Eastern Tennessee, describes the march into Virginia and his
feelings at his first sight of the "Yankees."


_The songs of this group relate to the days of pioneer migration
Westward. The one exception is The Sailor's Request, placed here in
order to bring it into proximity with its later variant, The Dying

ARKANSAS TRAVELLER (SANTFORD BARNES) ii, 4a3b4c3b, 14ca: A laborer's
humorous recital of his hard experiences in Arkansas. He leaves the
state, vowing that if he sees it again it will be "through a telescope
from hell to Arkansaw."

Smith" recites humorously his hard experiences as claim-holder in Beaver
County, Oklahoma. He resolves to go to Kansas, marry, and "life on
corn-dodgers the rest of his life."

THE DYING COWBOY, ii, 4abcb and 4abcb, 6: A cowboy, shot while gambling,
laments his career and fate, gives warning to his comrades, sends a
farewell to his family and sweetheart, and gives directions for his

THE LONE PRAIRIE, 4aabb, 10: A dying cowboy requests that he be buried
not on the lone prairie, but at home beneath the cotton-wood boughs,
near his mother. His comrades ignore his petition. (Cf. The Sailor's

THE SAILOR'S REQUEST, 4aabb, 9: A dying sailor requests that he be
buried not at sea, but at home in the churchyard, near his father. His
comrades ignore his petition. (Cf. The Lone Prairie.)

CALIFORNIA JOE, 3abcb, 17: A prospector during the California
gold-fever, in 1850, saves a girl of thirteen years from Indians, and
gives her over to her uncle, Mat Jack Reynolds. Later, she almost
shoots, by accident, her saviour, thinking him a Sioux.

POLLY, MY CHARMER, 4aa, 9: An adventurous youth, on the point of going
West, is detained by the charms of "Polly." He wishes he were like
Joshua, in order to prolong his moments with his love, by making the sun
stand still.

JESSE JAMES, 2aa3b2cc3b and 2aa3b2cc3b, 4: A lyric concerning the
robbing of "the Danville train" and "the Northfield raid"; the escape of
Jesse and Frank James to the West, and Jesse's death at the hand of "Bob

HANDSOME FLORA, 3abcbdefe, 6: Her lover, in prison for stabbing his
rival, tells his yet constant devotion to the "Lily of the West," the
"girl from Mexico."


_The songs of this group are of the "good-night" type, being the
meditations or confessions of criminals, while in prison and, usually,
under sentence of death._

MACAFEE'S CONFESSION (BETTY STOUT), ii, 4aabb, 17ca: Orphaned at five
years of age and reared by his uncle, MacAfee becomes wayward; later he
marries, but falls in love with Betty Stout, poisons his wife, and
speaks this confession under sentence of death.

BEAUCHAMP'S CONFESSION, 4aabb, 7: Under sentence of death by Judge
Davidge, for the murder of Sharpe (see VIII, end), Beauchamp pictures
the meeting of himself and his victim in hell.

JACK COMBS'S DEATH SONG, ii, 4abcb and 4abcb, 3: Jack Combs, dying,
tells of his murder by an unknown man, and gives directions for his
burial rites. (Based upon The Dying Cowboy, page 15.)

TOM SMITH'S DEATH SONG, ii, 3a(_bis_)4b3c and 3a(_bis_) 4b3c, 2: The
condemned man, standing on the scaffold, asks his friends not to lament
his death, since he is leaving them in peace on earth.

THE RICH AND RAMBLING BOY, iii, 4aabb, 8ca: He marries a wife whose
"maintenance" is so great that he is compelled to "rob on the broad
highway." He is sent to Frankfort [Ky.] prison, but in this song he
pictures his pardon and return home.

[IN ROWAN COUNTY JAIL], 3abcb, 6: While here awaiting trial for robbery,
the prisoner is visited by his sweetheart Lula, with "ten dollars in
each hand," to "go on his bail."

LAST NIGHT AS I LAY SLEEPING, 3abcb, 6: A prisoner in the Knoxville
[Tenn.] jail dreams of his home and sweetheart, but is rudely awakened
by the turnkey to hear his death-sentence passed.

EDWARD HAWKINS, 4abcb, 9ca: Under sentence of death for murder, he warns
his comrades by his example, welcomes death bravely, and invites them to
see his execution twenty-eight days hence.

ROWDY BOYS, metre as below, 5: A "rowdy" youth scorns his mother's
warning, serves a term in the Frankfort State Prison for homicide, and
comes back home still a "rowdy." The first stanza is:

I heard my mother talking; I took it all for fun.
She said I would ride the Frankfort train, before I was twenty-one.


_The songs of this group are epic; rather than lyric as are those in
VII, above. They are recitals of local tragedies--murders,
assassinations, feudal battles, and disasters._

THE CAUSE AND KILLING OF JESSE ADAMS, ii, 3abcb, 25: A detailed recital
of a domestic tragedy on the Brushy Fork of Blaine: Adams, overhearing
his wife and her paramour, shoots her and attempts suicide.

FLOYD FRAZIER, 3abcb, 16: A recital of Frazier's murder of Ellen
Flannery: he hides her body under a pile of stones; later, is arrested,
makes confession, and is placed in Pineville, Ky., jail to await

TALT HALL, ii, 3abcb, 8: A recital of Hall's murder of Frank Salyers,
his arrest in Tennessee, his confinement in the Gladeville, Va., jail,
and his execution in Richmond, Va.

WILLIAM BAKER, 3abcb, 12: A recital of Baker's murder of one Prewitt in
Clay County, Ky.: he hides the body in the woods and tells Prewitt's
wife that her husband had deserted her.

POOR GOENS, 4aabb, 5: A recital of the betrayal and murder of Goens for
the purpose of robbery, on Black-spur Mountain.

THE ROWAN COUNTY TRAGEDY, ii, 3abcb, 26: A detailed account of a feudal
battle in Morehead, Ky., on election day, and of the succeeding events
connected with the arrest of the participants.

JOHN T. PARKER, 4aabb, 12: An account of the drowning of Parker in the
Kentucky River one winter night, as, with three companions, he essays to
cross, but their boat is capsized in the wash from the steamboat Blue

[JEEMS BRAGGS], 4a3b4c3b, 8: A protest against the Governor's pardon of
Braggs, upon the eve of his execution, for the murder of one Prewitt.

THE ASSASSINATION OF J. B. MARCUM, 3aa6b3cc6b and 3aa6b3cc6b, 13: A
detailed recital of the shooting of Marcum as he stood in the
court-house door at Jackson, Ky., with animadversions upon the identity
of his slayers and an account of their various trials.

THE IRISH PEDDLER, 4a3b4c3b, 7: An account of the murder of an old
peddler and his wife, shot from ambush one June morning for the purpose
of rifling their wagon.

JOHN HARDY, iii, 4a3b4c3b, 6: An account of Hardy's shooting a man in a
poker game, of his arrest, trial, conviction, conversion and baptism,
and of his execution and burial on the Tug River.

JEREBOAM BEAUCHAMP, 3abcb, 33: A recital of the murder of Beauchamp done
upon Solomon P. Sharpe, Attorney-General of Kentucky, at Frankfort in
the winter of 1824. (Cf. William Gilmore Simms' novel of the same name,
and see VII, 2.)


_The songs of this group relate to various occupational pursuits. Of
course, many of those listed elsewhere could be placed here also._

THE MOONSHINER, 4aa, 3: "For seventeen years I've made moonshine whiskey
for one dollar per gallon, at my still in a dark hollow. I wish all
would attend to their business and leave me to mine. God bless the

WALKING-BOSS, metre as below, 3: A teamster's song in couplets, with
refrain, beginning:

     Get up in the morning 'way before day,
     Feed old Beck some corn and hay.
     Get up in the morning soon, soon;
     Get up in the morning soon.

THE STEEL-DRIVER, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 11: John Henry, proud of his skill with
sledge and hand-drill, competes with a modern steam-drill in Tunnel No.
Nine, on the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad. Defeated, he dies, asking to be
buried with his tools at his breast.

ROSIN THE BOW, 3abcb, 4: A lyric of an old fiddler buoyant even in the
face of approaching death: he asks for wine and women at his funeral

ROSIN THE BOW: a fragment as follows:

     I'll tune up my fiddle, I'll rosin my bow,
     And make myself welcome wherever I go.

THE OLD SHOEMAKER, 4a3b4c3b and 4a3b4c3b, 4: Lately become a freeman,
with five pounds laid up, and half a side of leather, he sings of Kate,
the woman to make his content complete.

THE FARMER'S BOY, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 9: An orphan lad, he obtains employment
from the farmer, later to marry his daughter and inherit thus the farm.

OLD GRAY, 6aabb, 5: Song of a teamster, who, lured by the still-house,
hauls four loads of coal per day, instead of six; becoming drunk, he
rides Old Gray off to a country frolic one night, whither his father
follows him, and brings him back to his duty in the morning.

THE WAGGONER'S LAD, ii, 2abcb (or 4aa), 15: A complaint, arranged as a
_debat_, of a lorn and loving lass against the teamster lad, as he
departs from her.

OLD NUMBER FOUR (THE F. F. V., STOCKYARD GATE), ii, 6aabb, 10ca: George
Allen, engineer, stays at the throttle as train Number Four on the
Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad plunges into a fallen boulder near Hinton, W.
Va., and bids his fireman jump to safety, while he himself dies a hero's

[RAILROAD BOY], 4a3b4c3b and 4a3b4c3b, 5: A maiden's song in scorn of
all men save the railroad conductor, with his striped shirt, handsome
face, and diamond ring.

THE OLD MILLER, 4aabb, 7: Dying, he questions his sons in order to
choose one of them as his successor in the mill. Dick will take a peck
as toll from each bushel; Ralph will take half; Paul will take all. But
his wife assumes direction at his death.

LYNCHBURG TOWN, 4a3b4c3b, 3: A teamster's song as he takes his tobacco
to the Lynchburg (Va.) market.


_The songs of this group are of partisan or sectional character._

KAINTUCKY BOYS, 4abab and 4ab, 5. A _debat_ between a Virginia lad and
the Kentucky maiden whom he comes to woo. She scorns lands and money,
and lauds the superior manliness of the Kentucky lads.

BUCKSKIN BOYS, 4abab 9: The above adapted to the praises of the "boys"
of Owsley County (Ky.).

GOEBEL AND TAYLOR, 4a3b4c3d, 3: Composed soon after the assassination of
Wm. Goebel, the Democratic contestant for the Governorship of Kentucky
in 1900: He is lauded, while Taylor, his opponent, is condemned as a
demagogue and conspirator, who "ought to be in purgatory or some other
unhealthy spot."

JAMES A. GARFIELD: A fragment, as follows:

     Mr. James A. Garfield is dead,
     Oh, Mr. James A. Garfield is dead.
     I will weep like a willow,
     And I'll mourn like a dove;
     Mr. James A. Garfield is dead.


_Here are grouped songs whose main theme is love, subdivided as below.
Many are hardly "popular" in the strict sense: though current among the
folk, they differ from the true folk-song, or "song-ballet." On the
other hand, many bear a striking resemblance to certain of those listed
in I and II, above._


AVONIA (RED RIVER VALLEY), ii, 4a3b4c3b and 4a3b4c3b, 4: A constant
lover's song of farewell to Helen, as she leaves the vale of Avonia.

BARNEY AND KATE, 4abab, 6: Barney, maudlin with drink, comes one
winter's night to Kate's window and implores her to admit him. She
sends him packing. He goes away whistling, rejoicing in her chastity.

KITTY WELLS, 4ababcdcd and 3abab, 3. Her lover's Lament upon her death.
The refrain is:

     While the birds they were singing in the morning,
       And the ivy and the myrtle were in bloom,
     The sun on the hill-top was dawning,
       It was then we laid her in the tomb.

NORA O'NEIL, 4a3b4a3b, 5: Her lover's invitation to Nora to meet him "at
the foot of the lane" when the nightingale sings in the dusk.

SWEET BIRDS, ii, 4a3b4a3b and 5aa, 6: A maiden's song of longing for her
absent lover: she asks the birds to bear her message of devotion to him
and to bring him back secure in his affection for her.

[CONSTANT JOHNNY], 4aa, 14: A maiden sings her devotion to her absent
sailor lover. He returns and they are married.

LORLA, 4aabb, 2: A lover's elegy over the grave of Lorla beneath the
elm, as he recalls the golden willow under which they once sat on violet

LONESOME DOVE, 4a3b4c3b, 5: A constant husband sings his resolve to
return like a lonesome dove to his wife and children in "Californy."

LONESOME DOVE, 4aabb, 8: The singing of a dove bereft of its mate
reminds a constant husband of his Mary, recently dead of consumption.

PRETTY SARO, iii, 4aabb and 4aabb, 6ca: Her absent lover sings of his
devotion, wishing he were a priest and knew how to write to her, or a
dove to fly to her.

COME, ALL YE JOLLY BOATSMAN BOYS, 7aabb, 5: A ribald song of a sailor to
his amorata by night, and the birth of the child nine months later.

A PACKAGE OF OLD LETTERS, ii, 8aa, 11: A dying maiden bids her sister
bring them from their rosewood casket to read them to her again, and
asks that at her death they be buried with her.

JACK AND MAMIE, 6aabb and 4aaa3a, 4: Jack plunges into the water to
recover the hat of his girl sweetheart, Mamie. Jack, the man, leaves her
for a long voyage, and his ship never returned.

SWEET SUMMER EVENING, 4abcb, 7: The poet one summer evening overhears a
mother chide her daughter for her devotion to her roving sailor lover,
who soon appears and bids her an affectionate farewell.

WAIT FOR THE WAGON, 3abcbdefe and 4a(_ter_), 4: A lover's call to
Phyllis to jump into the wagon with him a-Sunday morning; he tells her
of the cabin he has built for her, and wooes her to marry him.

LOVELY NANCY, 4abcb, 5: A dialogue, in quatrains, between Nancy and her
lover, whom she wishes to accompany on his voyage to the West Indies.

NANCY TILL, 4aabb and 4aabb, 4: A serenade by her lover "down in the
canebrakes close by the mill," urging her to be ready to go with him
"a-sailing on the Ohio."

[EPHRIAM AND LUCY], 4a3b4c3b and 4a3b4c3b, 4: The night before their
wedding-day, amid night-hawks, owls, and whippoorwills, "we danced by
the light of the moon."


[SHE WAS HAPPY TILL SHE MET YOU], 4aa5b4cc5b4dd5e4ff5e and 4ababcc5b, 2:
A husband forsakes his wife; later, becoming repentant, he returns to
seek her at the house of her mother, who forbids him access to her.

[BEDROOM WINDOW], 4abcb, 5: The lover by night calls his sweetheart to
awake. She warns him away, saying that her father is armed to repulse
his presence. He vows to have her for his own. A suggestion of his
sinister motive closes the song.

I'LL HANG MY HARP ON A WILLOW TREE, ii, 4a3b4a3b4c3d4c3d, 3: A lover
voices his resolve to forsake the charms of his fickle mistress to court
a warrior's fate at the Saracen's hand on the field of Palestine.

THERE WAS A RICH OLD FARMER, ii, 3abcb, 9ca: The singer recites his
farewell to father and sweetheart to seek his fortune, and his faith in
her--until a letter arrives telling of her marriage to another man.

JACK AND JOE, 4a3b4b3c and 4a3b4b3c, 3ca: Both are sailors, away from
home. Jack, returning first, is commissioned by Joe to kiss his
sweetheart Nellie for him. When Joe returns, like Miles Standish, he
finds that Jack and she are married.

ALL ON THE BANKS OF CLAUDA, 3abcb, 10: By this stream the poet overhears
a maiden's complaint against her fickle Johnny. Like Oenone, she prays
the mountain to hear her, and implores Cupid to fire his heart anew.

THE AUXVILLE LOVE, 4aabb, 6: A merchant's daughter, "in Auxville town or
Delaware," love-lorn, gathers flowers, Ophelia-like, and dies under a
green pine on the mountain.

CUCKOO, ii, 4aabb, 5ca: A love-lorn maiden's warning to her sex not to
be deceived, as she, by false men in springtime when the cuckoo calls.

WE HAVE MET AND WE HAVE PARTED, ii, 4abcb and 4abcb, 5ca: A maiden's
scornful farewell to her fickle lover, as she returns him the presents
and letters he has sent her.

IF I HAD MINDED MAMMA, 3abcb and 3abcb, 6: A maiden's regret that she
has been deluded by a faithless lover:

     He is like the blue-birds ever
       That flies from tree to tree;
     And when he sees another girl
       He never thinks of me.

I USED TO LOVE, 4abcb and 4abcb, 4: A maiden voices her complaint
against the "dark-eyed girl," her successful rival, and her wish for
"coffin, shroud, and grave," to end her woe.

THE BUTCHER'S BOY, iii, 4aabb, 8ca: A maiden voices her complaint
against the New York butcher's boy, once her childhood playmate and
lover, who now has forsaken her for a wealthier girl; then goes upstairs
and hangs herself, leaving a note pinned on her breast.

THE PALE AMARANTHUS, 4aabb, 5: A maiden's complaint against her
faithless lover, whom she vows to forget.

I HAVE FINISHED HIM A LETTER, 4abcb and 4abcb, 7: A maiden's complaint
against her lover, who has forsaken her for Annie Lee.

CAN YOU THEN LOVE ANOTHER?, ii, 3abcbdefe and 3abcb, 3: A lorn maiden's

     Say, must I be forgotten,
       Cast like a flower aside?
     Have I from memory faded,
       Once all your joy and pride?

TO CHEER THE HEART, ii, 3abcbdefe and 3abcbdede, 4: A maiden's complaint
against her faithless lover. He is the son of a "rich merchant," she,
the daughter of a "laboring man." "But why need I care? For I have
another man."

A POOR STRANGE GIRL, 4aabb, 7: The poet one May morning overhears a
damsel complaining against her faithless lover, and against her loss of
friends and home.

PRETTY POLLY, 4aabb, 5: A lover recites his visit one evening to her
home, where he sees his rivals enjoying her company. He retires to a
grove, sucks comfort from his whiskey bottle, and wishes that she were
drowned, floating on the tide, that he, like a fisherman, might draw her
in his net to shore.

HANG DOWN YOUR HEAD AND CRY, 4aabb, 2: A fragment (two quatrains),
apparently a complaint of a lover to his faithless sweetheart.

THE DYING GIRL'S MESSAGE, ii, 4abcb, 15: Her death-song to her mother,
breathing forgiveness for her faithless lover, and closing with a vision
of Christ waiting to receive her.

A second version contains only an elaboration of this last motif.

THE COLD, DARK SCENES OF WINTER, 3abcb, 9: In the winter the lover woos
his fair, but is rejected. In the spring, her mind changing, she writes
him of her love for him. He replies that meanwhile his heart has changed
in turn and that he is already married to another.

LOVING HANNER, 3abcb, 9: The lover sings his devotion to her, but in the
face of her coolness and her parents' opposition, vows to go on a long
voyage to try to forget her--but in vain.

MY BONNIE LITTLE GIRL, 4a3b4c3b, 4: Courting her too slow, the singer
finds his sweetheart has fled with another man.

LOVELY NANCY, ii, 4aabb, 5ca: A bachelor's warning against "courting too
slow": Sweet William goes on a voyage; meanwhile Nancy, his sweetheart,
writes him of her marriage to another. William dies of grief and Nancy,
of remorse.

I'M SCORNED FOR BEING POOR (VAIN GIRL), 3abcb, 8: A lover's farewell to
his sweetheart, who has forsaken him to be married to a wealthy stranger
from New England.

LITTLE NELLIE, 4a3b4c3b, 8: She forsakes her lover, the singer, to marry
wicked, wealthy Mr. Brown, who is a drunkard--and dies of a broken

THE SQUIRE, 2abcb, 10: The wealthy young squire, being rejected in love
by pretty Sally, vows to dance on her grave when she dies.

LITTLE SPARROW (A REGRET), ii, 4abcb, 5ca: A complaint of a love-lorn
maiden warning her kind against the faithlessness of all men.

THE AWFUL WEDDING, 4abcb, 7: At the marriage feast each guest is asked
for a song. The bride's former lover sings his unchanging affection for
her. She swoons and spends the night in her mother's bed, where she is
found dead the next morning.

THE YOUNG MAN'S LOVE, 2aa, 9: The singer one evening overhears a young
man lamenting the faithlessness of his sweetheart, who scorns him for
his poverty.

[MAGGIE], 3a3b4c3b and 2abab (approximately), 7: A story of Maggie, the
constant wife, who seeks in bar-room and dry-goods store her faithless
husband, who has eloped with Lula Fry. Failing to find him, she wanders
to the cemetery, and thence to the railroad trestle, where she is killed
by train No. Four.

JOE HARDY, 4a3b4c3b, 6: A maiden's explanation to her jilted lover that
when she plighted her troth in Bangor, she had not then met Joe Hardy,
whom she now adores.


LOVELY JULIA, iv, 4abcb, 9ca: Crossed in love by her parents, she leaves
the city, goes upon a mountain, and plunges a dagger into her breast.
Her lover finds her and in like manner dies with her.

JOHNNY DOYLE, 2aa, 14ca: A maiden, who loves Johnny, is forced by her
parents to prepare to marry Samuel Moore. Just as the priest enters, her
earrings fall to the floor and her stay-laces burst. She is carried home
fatally ill. The mother now proposes to send for Johnny Doyle, but it is
too late--she is dead.

ANNIE WILLOW, iii, 4a3b4c3b, 8: Her lover dreams of her and goes to her
uncle's house to visit her. Upon being told that she is absent, he
fights his way in with drawn sword and takes her away with him.

GREENBRIAR SHORE, 4aa, 10: An amorous youth recites his love for Nancy
on Greenbriar Shore. Her father chases him away with an "army of a
thousand or more." The sad lot of womankind deplored.


pretty fair damsel in a garden" is wooed by a passing soldier (or
sailor). She rejects him, saying her lover is absent in the wars.
Assured of her faithfulness, he proves his identity by taking their
betrothal ring from his pocket.

ANNIE AND WILLIE, 4a3b4c3b, 7: He bids her farewell at the seashore and
goes on a long voyage. After three years he returns, and, disguised as a
beggar, tests her devotion, draws the "patch from his eye," is
recognized, and marries her. (Cf. The Bailiff's Daughter of Islington,
page 8, above.)

PRETTY POLLY, 4aabb, 8: Pining for her soldier lover, who is absent in
the "town of renown," she goes in the guise of a trooper to seek him,
becomes his room-mate for the night, and discloses her identity in the


FLORELLA (FLOELLA, FAIR ELLA, JEALOUS LOVER), iv, 3abcb, 11ca: Her lover
comes one moonlit night to her cottage window and persuades her to
wander with him "through meadows dark and gay." She reluctantly follows,
and is murdered by him, forgiving him with her dying breath.

LITTLE OMY WISE (LITTLE ANNA), iii, 4aa, 13: John Lewis seduces her with
promises, lures her to Adam's Spring, murders her, and throws her body
into the stream. She is "missen," the body is found, the murderer views
it and confesses the crime.

MILLER-BOY, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 12ca: Johnny, the miller's apprentice, falls
in love with a Knoxville girl. One night the pair go walking; he murders
her with a fence-stake, explains the stains on his clothes as due to
nose-bleed, but is convicted. (Cf. Lizzie Wan, Child, No. 51, and
Waxford Girl, page 13.)

POLLY VAUGHN, 2abcb (approximately), 4ca: One evening dressed in white
she goes walking, takes refuge from a shower under a holly bush, is
mistaken for a swan by her lover, Jimmy Randal, and shot.

ROSE COLALEE (COLLEEN?), 4a3b4c3b, 2: She is murdered on the bank of a
river, by her lover, who, intoxicated with Burgundy wine, is persuaded
by his father's promise of money, to slay her.

NOTE.--_Amid the flotsam and jetsam of popular parlor-songs everywhere
current the following have come to hand. They are hardly worth
preserving, even by title, save for the fact that in spite of their
pseudo-literary tang they are fellow travelers by oral tradition with
the true folk-songs and song-ballads._

The list is: The Old, Old Love is Growing Still; There's a Spark of Love
Still Burning; I'll Remember You, Love, in My Prayers; The White Rose;
I'll Love Thee Always; Jack and Mary; Willie and Kate; Won't You Ever
Come Again?; Fond Affection; Will You Love Me When I'm Old?; Nell and I
had Quarrels; Tell Me Why You've Grown so Cold?; I Want to be Somebody's
Darling; By the Gate; The Broken Engagement; Say You'll be Mine in a
Year; I Cannot be Your Sweetheart; Kiss Me Again; Just Going Down to the
Gate; Darling, We have Long been Parted; Our Hands are Clasped; Only
Flirting; I Loved You Better than You Knew; Mollie Darling; The Jealous
Girl; The Independent Girl; Willie, Come Back; Free Again; The Hawthorn
Tree; The Sailor Lad; I'll be All Smiles Tonight; Love, I've been
Faithful; Maggie's Secret; I Rather Think I Will; Little Sweetheart;
Meet Me in the Moonlight; He's Got Money, Too; After the Ball; Sweet
Bunch of Daisies; In the Shadow of the Pines; On the Banks of the
Wabash; Mary has Gone with a "Coon."


_This group contains two-part songs, arranged dialogue-fashion, like a
debat or a tenson. All contain love-themes, as in XI above. In spite of
the obvious logical cross-division, it has seemed well to print them as
a separate section._

I'LL GIVE TO YOU A PAPER OF PINS, ii, 4aab3b, 13: The lover offers the
maiden in alternate quatrains various gifts to induce her to marry him.
She replies in alternate quatrains, refusing him. Finally, he offers
"the key of his chest." She accepts, but he scorns her mercenary love.

MADAM, I'VE A-COURTING COME, 4a3b4c3b, 7: The lover in the first three
quatrains offers his various forms of wealth to induce the lady to marry
him. She refuses in the fifth stanza his mercenary love. He makes reply
in the sixth and she in the seventh.

TWO LETTERS, ii, 3abcb, 13: The first four quatrains constitute the
letter from Charley Brooks to Nelly Adair, asking for the return of his
presents to her, since his love for her has grown cold. The last nine
are her reply, acquiescing with a sad dignity.

[STONY HILL], 4a3b4c3b, 3: Each quatrain contains, in couplets
respectively, question and reply of lover and sweetheart, who is
"sixteen next Sunday" and has to "ask her mammy."

STELLA, 4a3b4c3b, 14: A dialogue between Alfred, a volunteer at his
country's call, to Stella, his sweetheart.





_This group consists of humorous songs. Certain ones resemble modern
songs of the vaudeville, and such they probably were._

GRANDMOTHER'S MUSTARD PLASTER, 4aabb, 7ca: The story of a plaster that
drew the buttons from a vest, axles from a wagon, a street car forty
miles, jerked a "Chinee's" boot off and pulled his leg at the "opium
jint," mashed a "cop's" hat down, drew a wagon over town, stuck on a
passenger train, drew it to Washington, where it remained--stuck on

BOY AND BUMBLE-BEE, 4a3b4c3b(?), 5: An urchin puts a bumble-bee in his
pistol pocket and goes fishing. He sits down, the bee turns the trick,
and "spoils the urchin's disposition."

KATE AND THE CLOTHIER, 4aabb, 8ca: A jilted maiden disguises herself in
"an old cowhide with crooked horns," and seizes her clothier-lover in a
"lonesome field." Thinking her to be the Devil, he renounces the
lawyer's daughter and pledges his troth to Kate.

SEYMORE WILSON, 3a3b4c3b, 8ca: He is a gawky, love-sick youth. He goes
a-courting on Potriffle, but finding a rival sitting on the
"calico-side" returns to his plowing, weeps, then becomes cheerful in
his resolve to wait for another girl.

BILLY BOY, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 7: He replies to a series of questions about
his wife: she is "too young to leave her mammy," can "bake a
cherry-pie," is "as tall as a pine and as straight as a pumpkin-vine,"
is "twice six times seven, twice twenty and eleven," and so on.

[THE PREACHER AND THE BEAR], a chant of the 4a3b4c3b type, 7ca: He goes
hunting a-Sunday, meets a grizzly bear, climbs a tree, and prays a
humorous prayer for help. The limb breaks; he falls, but escapes.

[LOVE IS SUCH A FUNNY THING], 4a3b4c3b4d3e4f3e and 4a3b4c3b, 9: It
causes empty pockets, second-hand clothing, collectors, and even brings
the "bald-headed end of the broom" into play: a husband's soliloquy.

[THE MARRIED MAN], 4aa, 5: A married man's woes: children on his knees,
bad clothing, "seeping" shoes--while the single man suffers none of
these things.

DEVILISH MARY, 4a3b4c3b, 5: A hen-pecked husband's lament: he woos and
marries the termagant within three days--then follows trouble. She
"mashes his mouth with a shovel," bundles up her "duds", and leaves him
within three weeks.

I WON'T MARRY AT ALL, 4aab3b and 4aab3b, 3: I won't marry a rich man
because he will drink and fall in the ditch; a poor man, for he will go
begging; a fat man, for he will do nothing but "nurse" the cat.

POOR OLD MAID, metre as below, 5: She laments her virginity:

     Dressed in yaller, pink, and blue--
             Poor old maid!
     Dressed in yaller, pink, and blue,
     I'm just as sweet as the morning dew,
     And to a husband I'd stick like glue--
             Poor old maid!

I WISH I WAS SINGLE AGAIN, metre as below, 5: A married man's
repentance: his first wife died--

     I married me another, O then, O then;
     I married me another O then;
     I married me another, the Devil's grandmother,
     And I wish I was single again.

JOE BOWERS, 3abcb, 10: He leaves his sweetheart, Sally Black, in Pike
County, Missouri, and goes to "Rome," California, to make a home for
her. Later, he receives a letter from his brother Ike saying that she
had married a red-headed butcher and that their baby had red hair.

A POUND OF TOW, 3abcded, 4: A husband warns all bachelors by the example
of his own wife, who, though a good spinner before her marriage, has
since become a gad-about and a gossip.


_The songs of this group, in lieu of a better caption, may be called

THE BLIND CHILD, iii, 4a3b4c3b, 11ca: She deplores her father's second
marriage, kneels to say her evening prayers, and dies. She is buried by
the side of her mother.

THE DYING NUN, 4abcb, 12: To Sister Martha, her nurse, Sister Clara
tells her youthful waywardness toward her parents and recalls her early
love for Douglas, and dies.

THE SHIP THAT NEVER RETURNED, 4a3b4c3b4d3e4f3e, 6: The vanity of human
wishes: a feeble lad kissing his mother good-bye as he sets sail to seek
health in a foreign climate; a gallant seaman kissing his wife good-bye
as he sets sail to seek their fortune across the seas--but the ship of
either never returned.

I HAVE NO MOTHER NOW, 3abab, 9: An orphan's lament, with a vision of the
mother's grave, etc.

THE ORPHAN GIRL, 4a3b4c3b, 8: Refused shelter at the door of a rich man
one wintry night, she dies before it in the snow.

PHANTOM FOOTSTEPS, 4ababcdcd and 4abab, 3: A mother's night-yearning for
her dead child.

[THE WAYWARD GIRL], 4aa6b4cc6b4dd6e4ff6e and 4ab2cc4bde2ff4e, 2: One
year after leaving her home in wayward love, her father writes her of
her mother's death and forgives her, but she refuses to return.

OLD MAN'S TROUBLE, 4aa5b4cc5b and 4aa5b4cc5b, 3: A meditation upon the
sadness of old age and a warning to the young against their own days of
poverty and senile helplessness.

IN THE BAGGAGE-COACH AHEAD, iii, 4a3b4c3b4d3e4f3e4g3h4i3h and 4aabb, 2:
A crying child brings to its sad-eyed father remonstrances from sleepy
passengers until they are told that the dead mother is in the
baggage-coach ahead.

[SWEET MEMORY OF DEAR MOTHER], 3abcbdefe and 3abcbdefe, 3: A child's
loving reminiscence.

LITTLE MAUDIA, 4abcb, 6: A dying girl's farewell to her mother.

OLD CHURCH-YARD, 4abcb, 7: A forlorn orphan's meditation upon her
mother's grave.


_The songs of this group, in lieu of a more accurate name, may be called
moralities, since they contain a moral incident or reflection._

[THE BLACK SHEEP], 4a3b4c3b4d3e4f3e and 4a3b4c3b4d3e4f3e, 6: Jack and
Tom prevail upon their rich and aged father to send away their brother
Fred as a "black sheep." Later, just as these two Pharisees are about to
send the old man to the poorhouse, Fred reappears and saves him from
this disgrace.

[NOTHING TO BE MADE BY ROVING], 3abcb, 2: Dissipation brings discontent
at last.

TWO DRUMMERS, 6aabbccdd and 6aabb, 2: In a "grand hotel" they speak
slightingly to a pretty waitress. She rebukes them, making appeal to
their regard for their mothers. They apologize to her and one of them
marries her.

THE DRUNKARD'S DREAM, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 9: A vision of his dead wife and
children turns him from strong drink forever after.

3a3b4c3b, 3: The little daughter begs her father to come home from the
grog-shop before her little brother dies. The clock tolls twelve, one,
two, three--and when finally she leads him home, the boy is dead.

A DRIFTER RESCUED, 4abcb, 10: The turbulent journey of a ship-wrecked
soul: near the brink of destruction the reckless man finds a redeemer in
the Savior.

THE WANDERING BOY, 4aabb and 4abcc, 4: A mother's wail for her wayward
son: she points out the vacant chair, cradle, and shoes of his innocent


_This group contains sequence-songs, or number-songs, like the popular
German Zaehllieder, though not all are necessarily sung, but rather are
spoken. The first one below would seem to be akin to the various cabala
of the German Pietists of Pennsylvania._

[TWELVE APOSTLES], as follows:

     Twelve, twelve apostles,
     Eleven, eleven, I went to heaven,
     Ten, ten, commandments,
     Nine bright lights a-shining,
     Eight Gabel [Gabriel?] angels,
     Seven stars a-hanging high,
     Six, six go acymord,
     Five all alone abroard,
     Four scorn in Wackford,
     Three of them are drivers,
     Two of them are little lost babes,
     Oh, my dear Savior,
     One, one is left alone,
     One to be left alone.

CLUB-FIST: A series of questions and answers concerning the fire, water,
ox, butcher, rope, rat, cat, etc.--each of which terms is destructive of
the preceding one. (Spoken.)

JOHN BROWN'S LITTLE INDIANS: An enumeration of his "Indians" from unity
upward, and thence back to unity again.

THE UNLUCKY YOUNG MAN, ii, 4aa and 4aaa3b, 13ca: He exchanges oxen for a
cow, the cow for a calf, the calf for a dog, the dog for a cat, the cat
for a rat, the rat for a mouse, which "took fire to her tail and burned
down the house."

OLD SAM SUCK-EGG, ii, 2aa, 10: He swaps his wife for a duck-egg, and
this for other commodities in turn, which rime with each preceding line,
until he has lost all. (Spoken.)

[I BOUGHT ME A HORSE], 4aa and cumulative refrain of animal cries: In
each couplet a new purchase of some common animal or fowl is made, while
each succeeding refrain gathers up cumulative-fashion the cries made by
each succeeding addition to the collection.

ONE, TWO, COME BUCKLE MY SHOE, 2aa, 10: A sequence of riming half-lines,
each containing a digit up to twenty. (Spoken.)


_This group contains songs peculiar to the folk-dances, "frolickings,"
and movement-games of Kentucky._

CHARLIE, ii, 4a3b4c3b, an endless improvisation: In praise of Charlie,
the dandy, who feeds the girls on candy, drinks the apple-brandy, etc.

BLUEBIRD, ii: A rhythmical, rimeless, endless improvisation, in which
are woven the "calls" of the dance, beginning:

     Yonder goes the bluebird through the window
       Down in Tennessee.

THE RAILROAD, ii: To be characterized as the above, yet totally
different, beginning:

     Out on the railroad, O Jubilee,
     Waiting for my darling, O Jubilee.

THE BOATMAN, ii: In general form and function like the above, beginning:

Here she sits in her sad station.

LONG SUMMER DAY, ii: In general form and function like the above,

     Skate around the ocean,
     In a long summer day.

A-MOANING AND GROANING, ii: In general form and function like the above,

     A-moaning and groaning,
     And that shall be the cry.

MARCHING ROUND THE LEVY [LADY?]: In general form and function like the
above, beginning:

     We're marching round the levy,
     For we have gained the day.

GOING TO BOSTON: In general form and function like the above, beginning:

     Now we'll promenade, one, two, three,
     So early in the morning.

HERE COME TWO DUKES A-ROVING, ii: A rhythmical, rimeless improvisation
for the men and women of the dance, alternately--beginning:

     Here comes two dukes a-roving,
     With a high-o-ransom-day.

SKIP TO MY LOU, ii: A rhythmical, rimeless chant made up of the dance
"calls," beginning:

     Steal your partner, skip to my lou,
     Skip to my lou, my darling.

FOL DOL SOL, 4a3b4c3b, 2ca: One quatrain is:

     If you love me as I love you,
       We have not long to tarry;
     We'll keep the old folks fixing up
       For you and me to marry.

GREEN GROWS THE WILLOW, 4aaaa, 4ca: One quatrain is:

     Green grow the rashes O,
     Green grow the rashes O,
     Kiss her quick and let her go,
     For yonder comes her mammy O.

THE JOLLY MILLER, iii, metre as follows, 2:

     Jolly is the miller that lives by the mill,
     The wheel goes round with a right good will,
     One hand in the hopper and the other in the sack--
     The boys step forward and the girls step back.

SISTER PHOEBE, 4aab, 2: It begins:

     Old sister Phoebe, how happy were we
     The night we sat under the juniper tree,
     The juniper tree, heigh ho, heigh ho.

NEEDLE'S EYE, as follows:

     Needle's eye that doth supply
       The thread that runs so true;
     Many a beau have I let go
       Because I wanted you.

GREEN GRAVEL, 4aabb, 4ca: It begins:

     Green gravel, green gravel, the grass is so green;
     You're the prettiest maiden that ever was seen.

[OLD QUEBEC], ii, 4a3b4c3b, 3ca: It begins:

     We're marching down to Old Quebec,
     Where the fifes and drums are beating;
     America has gained the day
     And the British are retreating.

[SISTER FRANKIE], 3abcb and 3abcb, 3: The refrain is:

     Twice one is two
       And one and two is three;
     Dance around the maypole
       Just like me.

BUFFALO, ii, 4a3b4c3b, 2: It begins:

     Come along, my dearest dear,
       Present to me your hand;
     We are roaming in succession
       To some far and distant land.

BOUQUET PATCH (PAWPAW PATCH), ii: An endless, rimeless improvisation,

     Where, oh where, is pretty little Mary?
     Way down yonder in the bouquet patch.

GO IN AND OUT AT THE WINDOW: An endless, rimeless improvisation
containing the dance calls in order.


_This group contains paralipomena which baffle individual description.
It embraces counting-out rimes, jigs, lullabies, child-rimes,
nonsense-rimes, and ditties. They are always rhythmical, and usually
rimed, varying in length from a couplet to an endless improvisation. The
following list is an attempt to name them:_

Cluck, Old Hen; Frog in the Meadow; Old as Moses; When I was a Little
Boy; Sugar in the Gourd; I'll Build My Nest in a Tree; Old Dan Tucker;
Possum up a Gum-stump; By-o Baby Bunting; Peter Punkin-eater; Chickamy
Corney-crow; William Trimmel Tram: Shidepoke and Crane; Johnny's out on
Picking; Sourwood Mountain; Frisky Jim; Ground-hog; Tarry; Granny, Will
Your Dog Bite?; Old Sam Simons; Beefsteak When I'm Hungry; Gray Goose;
Needle and Thread; It Rained so Hard; I'll Never get Drunk Anymore; Rock
Island; Show Me the Way to Go Home; Sometimes Drunk and Sometimes Sober;
Apples in the Summertime; Coony has a Ringy Tail: I Went Down Town;
Sally in the Garden; Old Dad; Coon-dog; Rabbit Walked; Shoo, Old Lady,
Shine!; Hook and Line; Day I'm Gone; Churn Your Buttermilk; Kalamazine;
Hang Down Your Head; I Feel; Shoot Your Dice; Sara Jane; Whickum-whack;
Up to the Court-house; Come a High Jim Along; Had an Old Mare; To
Rowser's; Roll the Old Chariot Along; Shady Grove; Whangho; Cripple


     After the Ball, 29

     All on the Banks of Clauda, 24

     A-moaning and Groaning, 36

     Annie and Willie, 27

     Annie Willow, 27

     Apples in the Summertime, 38

     Apprentice Boy, The, 10

     Arkansas Traveller, 15

     Assassination of J. B. Marcum, The, 18

     Auxville Love, The, 24

     Avonia, 21

     Awful Wedding, The, 26

     Bailiff's Daughter of Islington, The, 8

     Barbara Allen, 8

     Barney and Kate, 21

     Battle of Gettysburg, 14

     Beauchamp's Confession, 16

     [Bedroom Window], 23

     Beefsteak When I'm Hungry, 38

     Beneath the Arch of London Bridge, 10

     Betsy Brown, 12

     Betty Stout, 16

     Billy Boy, 30

     [Black Sheep, The], 33

     Blind Child, The, 32

     Blue and the Gray, The, 14

     Bluebird, 35

     Boatman, The, 36

     Bosom Friend, 8

     Bounty Jumpers, 14

     Bouquet Patch, 38

     Boy and Bumble-bee, 30

     Broken Engagement, The, 29

     Buckskin Boys, 21, 30

     Buffalo, 38

     Butcher's Boy, The, 24

     By the Gate, 29

     By-o Baby Bunting, 33

     California Joe, 16

     Can You then Love Another?, 25

     Cause and Killing of Jesse Adams, The, 18

     Charlie, 35

     Chickamy Corney-crow, 38

     Churn Your Buttermilk, 38

     Club-fist, 24

     Cluck, Old Hen, 38

     Cold, Dark Scenes of Winter, The, 25

     Cold Winter's Night, 8

     Come a High Jim Along, 39

     Come, All Ye Jolly Boatsman Boys, 22

     [Come, All Ye Southern Soldiers], 15

     [Constant Johnny], 22

     Coon-dog, 38

     Coony has a Ringy Tail, 38

     Cripple Creek, 39

     Cubeck's Garden, 11

     Cuckoo, 24

     Dandoo, 8

     Darling, We have Long been Parted, 29

     Day I'm Gone, 38

     Devilish Mary, 31

     Drifter Rescued, A, 24

     Driver Boy, The, 9

     Drunkard's Dream, The, 33

     Dying Cowboy, The, 15

     Dying Girl's Message, The, 25

     Dying Nun, The, 32

     Eddingsburg Town, 11

     Edward, 7

     Edward Hawkins, 17

     [Ephraim and Lucy], 23

     F. F. V., The, 20

     Fair Ella, 28

     Fair Ellender, 7

     Fair Margaret and Sweet William, 8

     Fair Notamon Town, 11

     Fan, The, 10

     Farmer's Boy, The, 20

     Father, Dear Father, Come Home with Me Now, 33

     Floella, 28

     Florella, 28

     Floyd Frazier, 18

     Fol Dol Sol, 36

     Fond Affection, 29

     Free Again, 29

     Frisky Jim, 38

     Frog in the Meadow, 38

     Go In and Out at the Window, 38

     Goebel and Taylor, 21

     Going to Boston, 36

     Golden Glove, The, 11

     Grandmother's Mustard Plaster, 30

     Granny, Will Your Dog Bite?, 38

     Gray Goose, 38

     Green Gravel, 37

     Green Grows the Willow, 37

     Green Willow Tree, The, 9

     Greenbriar Shore, 27

     Greenwood Side, The, 7

     Ground-hog, 38

     Guerrilla Man, The, 14

     Had an Old Mare, 39

     Handsome Flora, 16

     Hang Down Your Head, 38

     Hang Down Your Head and Cry, 25

     Hawthorn Tree, The, 29

     Here Come Two Dukes A-roving, 36

     He's Got Money, Too, 29

     Hiram Hubbert, 14

     Hook and Line, 38

     House Carpenter, The, 8

     [I Bought Me a Horse], 35

     I Cannot be Your Sweetheart 29

     I Feel, 38

     I have Finished Him a Letter, 25

     I Have no Mother Now, 32

     I Loved You Better than You Knew, 29

     I Rather Think I Will, 29

     I Used to Love, 24

     I Want to be Somebody's Darling, 29

     I Went Down Town, 38

     I Wish I was Single Again, 31

     I Won't Marry at All, 31

     If I had Minded Mamma, 24

     I'll be All Smiles Tonight, 29

     I'll Build My Nest In a Tree 38

     I'll Give to You a Paper of Pins, 29

     I'll Hang My Harp on a Willow tree, 23

     I'll Love Thee Always, 29

     I'll Never get Drunk Anymore, 38

     I'll Remember You, Love, In My Prayers, 28

     I'm Going to Join the Army, 15

     I'm Scorned for being Poor, 26

     [In Rowan County Jail], 17

     In the Baggage-coach Ahead, 33

     In the Shadow of the Pines, 29

     Independent Girl, The, 29

     Irish Girl, 14

     Irish Molly O, 13

     Irish Peddler, The, 19

     It Rained so Hard, 38

     Jack and Joe, 24

     Jack and Mamie, 23

     Jack and Mary, 29

     Jack Combe's Death Song, 17

     Jack Wilson, 10

     Jackaro, 9

     James A. Garfield, 21

     Jealous Girl, The, 29

     Jealous Lover, 28

     [Jeems Braggs], 18

     Jereboam Beauchamp, 19

     Jesse James, 16

     Jew's Daughter, The, 8

     Joe Bowers, 32

     Joe Hardy, 27

     John Brown's Little Indians, 34

     John Hardy, 19

     John Riley, 27

     John T. Parker, 18

     Johnnie Came from Sea, 14

     Johnny Doyle, 27

     Johnny's out on Picking, 38

     Jolly Miller, The, 37

     Just Going Down to the Gate, 29

     Kaintucky Boys, 21, 30

     Kalamazine, 38

     Kate and the Clothier, 30

     King's Daughter, The, 7

     Kiss Me Again, 29

     Kitty Wells, 22

     Lady Gay, 9

     Last Night as I Lay Sleeping, 17

     Little Anna, 28

     Little Maudia, 33

     Little Nellie, 26

     Little Omy Wise, 28

     Little Sparrow, 26

     Little Sweetheart, 29

     Little Willie, 7

     Lone Prairie, The, 15

     Lonesome Dove, 22

     Lonesome Dove, 22

     Long Summer Day, 36

     Lord Bateman, 7

     Lord Lovely, 8

     Lord of Old Country, 7

     Lord Randal, 7

     Lord Thomas and Fair Ellender, 8

     Lord Vanner's (Daniel's) Wife, 8

     Lorla, 22

     [Love is Such a Funny Thing], 31

     Love, I've been Faithful, 29

     Lovely Caroline of Old Edinboro, 11

     Lovely Julia, 27

     Lovely Nancy, 23

     Lovely Nancy, 26

     Lover's Farewell, 8

     Loving Hanner, 26

     Loving Henry, 8

     Lynchburg Town, 20

     MacAfee's Confession, 16

     Madam, I've A-courting Come, 29

     [Maggie], 26

     Maggie's Secret, 29

     Marching Round the Levy, 36

     [Married Man, The], 31

     Mary has Gone with a "Coon", 29

     Mary of the Wild Moor, 12

     Meet Me in the Moonlight, 29

     Miller-boy, 28

     Mollie Darling, 29

     Molly, 13

     Moonshiner, The, 19

     Murfreesboro, 14

     My Bonnie Little Girl, 26

     Nancy Till, 23

     Needle and Thread, 38

     Needle's Eye, 37

     Nell and I had Quarrels, 29

     Nora O'Neil, 22

     [Nothing to be Made by Roving], 33

     Old as Moses, 38

     Old Church-yard, 33

     Old Dad, 38

     Old Dan Tucker, 38

     Old Gray, 20

     Old Man's Trouble, 33

     Old Miller, The, 20

     Old Number Four, 20

     Old, Old Love is Growing Still, The, 28

     [Old Quebec], 37

     Old Sam Simons, 38

     Old Sam Suck-egg, 35

     Old Shoemaker, The, 20

     Old Woman of London, The, 10

     On the Banks of the Wabash, 29

     One, Two, Come Buckle My Shoe, 35

     Only Flirting, 29

     Orphan Girl, The, 32

     Our Hands are Clasped, 29

     Package of Old Letters, A, 22

     Pale Amaranthus, The, 24

     Patty on the Canal, 13

     Pawpaw Patch, 38

     Peter Punkin-eater, 38

     Phantom Footsteps, 32

     Polly, My Charmer, 16

     Polly Vaughn, 28

     Poor Goens, 18

     Poor Old Maid, 31

     Poor Strange Girl, A, 25

     Possum up a Gum-stump, 38

     Pound of Tow, A, 32

     [Preacher and the Bear, The], 31

     Pretty Mohee (Maumee), The, 12

     Pretty Peggy O, 9

     Pretty Polly, 7

     Pretty Polly, 7

     Pretty Polly, 25

     Pretty Polly, 27

     Pretty Saro, 22

     Rabbit Walked, 38

     Railroad, The, 35

     [Railroad Boy], 20

     Red River Valley, 21

     Regret, A, 26

     Rich and Rambling Boy, The, 17

     Rich Margent, The, 10

     Rock Island, 38

     Roll the Old Chariot Along, 39

     Romish Lady, The, 12

     Rope and the Gallows, The, 7

     Rosanna, 12

     Rose Colalee (Colleen?), 28

     Rosin the Bow, 19

     Rosin the Bow, 20

     Roving Irish Boy, 13

     Rowan County Tragedy, The, 18

     Rowdy Boys, 17

     Sailor Lad, The, 29

     Sailor Lover, The, 27

     Sailor's Request, The, 16

     Sally in the Garden, 38

     Santford Barnes, 15

     Sara Jane, 38

     Say You'll be Mine In a Year, 29

     Seymore Wilson, 30

     Shady Grove, 39

     Shearfield, 11

     [She was Happy till She Met You], 23

     Shidepoke and Crane, 38

     Ship that Never Returned, The, 32

     Shoo, Old Lady, Shine, 38

     Shoot Your Dice, 38

     Show Me the Way to Go Home, 38

     Silk Merchant's Daughter, The, 12

     Single Soldier, The, 27

     [Sister Frankie], 37

     Sister Phoebe, 37

     Six Pretty Fair Maids, 7

     Skip to My Lou, 36

     Sometimes Drunk and Sometimes Sober, 38

     Sourwood Mountain, 38

     Squire, The, 26

     Starving to Death on a Government Claim, 15

     Steel-driver, The, 19

     Stella, 30

     Stockyard Gate, 20

     [Stony Hill], 30

     Sugar in the Gourd, 38

     Sweet Birds, 22

     Sweet Bunch of Daisies, 29

     Sweet Jane, 13

     [Sweet Memory of Dear Mother], 33

     Sweet Summer Evening, 23

     Sweet William and Fair Ellender, 8

     Talt Hall, 18

     Tarry, 38

     Tell Me Why You've Grown so Cold, 29

     There was a Rich Old Farmer, 23

     There's a Spark of Love Still Burning, 28

     Three Little Babes, 7

     [To America], 12

     To Cheer the Heart, 25

     To Rowser's, 39

     Tom Smith's Death Song, 17

     Turkish Lady, The, 7

     [Twelve Apostles], 34

     Two Drummers, 33

     Two Letters, 29

     Two Soldiers, The, 14

     Unlucky Young Man, The, 35

     Up to the Court-house, 38

     Vain Girl, 26

     Waggoner's Lad, The, 20, 30

     Wait for the Wagon, 23

     Walking-boss, 19

     Wandering Boy, The, 34

     Waxford Girl, The, 13

     Wayward Girl, The, 32

     We have Met and We have Parted, 24

     Whangho, 39

     When I was a Little Boy, 38

     Whickum-whack, 38

     White Rose, The, 29

     Who'll be King but Charlie? 11

     Will You Love Me When I'm Old? 29

     William Baker, 18

     William Hall, 11

     William Riley, 13

     William Trimmel Tram, 38

     Willie and Kate, 29

     Willie, Come Back, 29

     Won't You Ever Come Again? 29

     Young Edwin, 9

     Young Man's Love, The, 26

     Zollicoffer, 15

       *       *       *       *       *

Transcriber's note

Archaic and variable spelling has been preserved. Minor punctuation
errors have been corrected without notice.

On Page 5 the name "Ruth Hackney" is listed twice; this was not

A few obvious typographical errors have been corrected and are listed

Page 3: "even by the absorbtion" changed to "even by the absorption".

Page 5: "in making decision" changed to "in making decisions".

Page 11: "Moidart, in Inverness-shire" changed to "Mordart, in

Page 23: "who soons appears" changed to "who soon appears".

Page 35: "rythmical, rimeless, endless" changed to "rhythmical,
rimeless, endless".

Page 40: "Apples in the Summer-time" changed to "Apples in the

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "A Syllabus of Kentucky Folk-Songs" ***

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