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Title: Rules and Regulations of the Insane Asylum of California - Prescribed by the Resident Physician, August 1, 1861
Author: Stockton State Hospital (Calif.)
Language: English
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*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Rules and Regulations of the Insane Asylum of California - Prescribed by the Resident Physician, August 1, 1861" ***

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                                OF THE

                     INSANE ASYLUM OF CALIFORNIA.

                            AUGUST 1, 1861.

                       ARMOR & CLAYES, PRINTERS.


The Resident Physician, who shall also be the Superintendent, shall be
the chief executive officer of the Asylum; he shall have the general
superintendence of the buildings, grounds, and property, subject to the
laws and regulations of the Trustees; he shall have the sole control and
management of the patients; he shall ascertain their condition, daily
prescribe their treatment, and adopt such sanitary measures as he may
think best; he shall appoint, with the approval of the Trustees, so many
attendants and assistants as he may think proper and necessary for the
economical and efficient performance of the business of the Asylum,
prescribe their several duties and places;—he shall, also, from time to
time, give such orders and instructions as he may judge best calculated
to insure good conduct, fidelity and economy in every department of
labor and expense; and he is authorized and enjoined to maintain
salutary discipline among all who are employed by the Institution, and
uniform obedience to all the rules and regulations of the
Asylum.—[_State Law of 1858._



“The Assistant Physician shall perform” the “duties, and be subject to
the responsibility of the Superintendent, in his sickness or absence,
and” he “may call to his aid, for the time being, such medical
assistance, as he may deem necessary”—“and perform such other duties as
may be directed by the Superintendent and prescribed by the
By-Laws.”—[_State Law of 1858._


He shall prepare and superintend the administration of medicines, visit
the wards frequently, and carefully note the condition and progress of
individual cases; see that the directions of the Superintendent are
faithfully executed, and promptly report any case of neglect or abuse
that may come under his observation, or of which he may be informed.


He shall assist in devising employment and recreation for the patients,
and endeavor in every way to promote their comfort and recovery; keep
such records of cases as the Superintendent may direct, assist in
preparing statistics, and conducting correspondence, and he shall
perform such other duties of his office as properly belong thereto.


1. Persons employed in the service of the Asylum will learn that
character, proper deportment, and faithfulness to duty, will alone keep
them in the situations in which they are placed; and they should
consider well, before entering upon service, whether they are prepared
to devote all their time, talents, and efforts, in the discharge of the
duties assigned to them. The Institution will deal in strict good faith
with its employees, and it will expect, in return, prompt, faithful, and
self-denying service.

2. No one can justly take offense when respectfully informed by the
Superintendent, that his or her temperament is better adapted to some
other employment; and those receiving such information should regard it
as kindly given, that they may have opportunity to avoid the
unpleasantness of being discharged.

3. Those employed at the Asylum be expected to hold themselves in
readiness for duty when directed by its officers; and the neglect of any
labor, or duty, on the ground that laboring hours are over, or to
hesitate, after proper direction, on such pretexts, will be regarded as
evidence against the fitness of the employee for the place he or she may

4. It must be remembered by all the employees, that their duties are
peculiar and confidential, and that there is an obvious impropriety in
disclosing the names, peculiarities, or acts of the inmates. It should
never be forgotten that the most cruel wounds may, by imprudent
disclosures, be inflicted on those whose conduct and language, during
their misfortune, should be covered with the veil of deepest secrecy.
Conversations, in relation to the Asylum and its inmates, sought by the
idle and mischievous, should be studiously avoided.

5. All persons employed in the Asylum are required to cultivate a calm
and deliberate method of performing their daily duties—carelessness and
precipitation being never more out of place than in an insane asylum.
Loud talking, hurrying up and down stairs, rude forms of address to one
another, and unsightly styles of dress, are wholly misplaced where
everything should be strictly decorous and orderly.

6. In the management of patients, unvarying kindness must be strictly
observed by all. When spoken to, mild, pleasant and persuasive language
must never give place to authoritative expressions of any kind. All
threats, taunts, or other kinds of abuse in language, are expressly
forbidden. A blow, kick, or any other kind of physical abuse, inflicted
on a patient, will be immediately followed by the dismissal of the
person so offending.

7. Employees having charge of patients outside of the wards, whether for
labor or exercise, will be held responsible for their safe return,
unless, by the direction of an officer they shall be transferred to the
charge of some other person; and when patients employed out of doors
become excited, they must be immediately returned to the wards whence
they were taken, and the fact reported at the office.

8. It will be expected of all employed in or about the Asylum, to check,
as far as possible, all conversations or allusions, on the part of
patients, to subjects of an obscene or improper nature, and remove, when
in their power, false impressions on their minds, respecting their
confinement or management; and any person who shall discover a patient
devising plans for escape, suicide, or violence to others, is enjoined
to report it to an officer without delay.

9. The place of duty of those having charge of patients is in the wards,
or in the yards, or in the garden with the patients. During the day and
while the patients are out of their sleeping apartments, they have no
business in their rooms, except for a momentary errand to adjust their
own clothing; and any employee who shall enter his or her room, and
engage in reading, writing, entertaining visitors, or be otherwise off
duty, will be acting in violation of rule.

10. The employees are not permitted to correspond with the friends of
patients; and all letters or packages to, or from, patients, must pass
through the hands of the Superintendent or Assistant Physician. All
making of dresses, working of embroidery, or any mechanism, for the use
of employees, is prohibited, unless by the special permission of the
Superintendent; and no employee of the Institution shall ever make any
bargain with any patient, or his or her friends, or accept of any fee,
reward or gratuity from any patient, or his or her friends, without the
Superintendent’s consent.

11. Employees will not be permitted to leave the Asylum without the
consent of the Superintendent or Assistant Physician, and, when allowed
to leave, they will be expected to return by 9 o’clock P. M.—unless
expressly permitted to remain out longer. Before leaving they must hang
up their keys in the place, in the office, provided for that purpose.
Non-residents will not be permitted to remain in the Institution at
night without the knowledge and consent of the Superintendent or
Assistant Physician.

12. No person will be employed in or about the Asylum who is intemperate
in habits, or who engages in gambling or any other immoral or
disreputable practice; and as the patients are not allowed the use of
tobacco, within the Asylum, the employees are expected not to use it, in
any form, in their presence.

13. While employees are not prohibited from _occasionally_ visiting each
other in their wards, it should never become a habit, and the indulgence
is only allowed in view of the spirit of emulation, which may thus be
encouraged by sometimes inspecting each other’s sphere of duty. When it
is discovered that the permission is abused, or that visits are being
spent in idle conversation, it will be held as a violation of rule.

14. The two departments of the Institution—male and female—must always
be separate to its employees, and no person, whose post of duty is
exclusively in the one, shall ever be permitted to enter the other,
unless some express or proper occasion shall demand it; and any one who
shall discover, and not disclose, or who shall in any way encourage, an
acquaintance between two patients, of opposite sex, will be held highly
culpable for such misdemeanor, and will be forthwith dismissed from

15. No employee will be permitted to appropriate to his or her use any
article belonging to the Asylum, or purchased for the use of the
patients, however small or comparatively valueless it may be. From the
salary of the person so offending, the cost of the article will be
deducted, and he or she dismissed from service.


1. The Steward shall have a general oversight of the business of the
farm, garden, grounds, fences and buildings; he shall assist in
maintaining the police regulations of the Asylum, observe the deportment
of those employed in subordinate positions, see that they do their duty,
and report to the Superintendent any instance of neglect or misconduct,
that he may observe, or of which he may be informed; he shall see to the
opening and closing of the house; that the employees rise and commence
their duties at the ringing of the bell, and return at proper season at
night; that the bell is rung promptly at such hours as may be
designated, from time to time, by the Superintendent. He shall have a
general care of the male patients, see that they are kindly treated,
that their clothes are taken care of, that their food is properly
cooked, served and distributed, that the rooms, passages and other
apartments are kept clean and properly warmed and ventilated, and that
every thing pertaining to the Asylum property is kept in order and in
good repair.

2. The Steward shall receive and store all provisions, fuel, clothing,
etc. provided by contracts, and, also, all supplies purchased under the
direction of the Superintendent, and he will be held responsible for the
safe-keeping and economical distribution of the same.

3. He shall keep just, accurate and methodical accounts of all articles
received, and all articles purchased by him, together with all
distributions of supplies to the several departments of the
Institution—each and every day’s accounts exhibiting, in detail, the
number, quantity weight or measurement, as the nature of the case may
be, of each and every article received, and from whom, and distributed,
and to whom.

4. On the receipt of supplies, whether obtained under contract, or
purchased by order of the Superintendent, the Steward shall require a
bill or invoice of the same, and if, upon a careful examination of the
quality, quantity, weight or measurement of the article or articles,
they shall be found to correspond with the item or items of the bill, he
shall enter the aggregate amount, with the date and number of the
invoice, in a book provided for that purpose, after which he shall
endorse the bill _correct_, and file it, together with an abstract of
his daily disbursements, in the office of the Superintendent.

5. The Steward will be expected to devote his whole time to the
interests of the Institution, assist, in every way in his power, to
preserve order in the house, and faithfulness among the employees, and
see that all the rules and regulations of the Asylum are fully observed.


1. The Matron shall have charge of the female department of the Asylum.
It will be expected of her to be with the female patients, in all the
wards, as much as possible; see that they are kindly treated; that their
food is properly cooked, served and distributed; that their apartments
are kept clean and in good order, and properly warmed and ventilated;
that the female employees attend to their duties in all respects, and
report to the Superintendent any departure, on their part, from the
rules and regulations of the Institution.

2. The bedding, table linen, napkins, and drapery furniture, carpets,
table covers, and all similar property of the female department, as well
as the clothing of the female patients, shall be under her general care
and supervision. She shall direct the employment and amusements of all
the inmates of the female wards; in short, it will be expected of her to
look frequently and carefully into every interest connected with her
department; and thus, by devoting her whole time to the Institution, aid
in every way in her power, in securing the comfort and recovery of the
patients, and the general welfare of the Asylum.


1. It shall be the duty of the Clerk to keep a correct account, in a book
provided for that purpose, of all supplies received by the Steward under
contract, or purchased by him under direction of the Superintendent. He
shall keep a careful account of all articles used and consumed in the
Asylum daily, and at the end of every month, he shall make an exhibit of
the receipts, expenditures, and disbursements—arranging the different
articles used under appropriate headings, that the actual cost and
consumption of each article, for each day, shall be correctly shown. He
IMPROVEMENT AND REPAIRS ACCOUNT, each separate and distinct from the
other, and make out separate and distinct monthly exhibits of each. He
shall also make out, in connection with the exhibits of the above
accounts, a table showing the combined total cost per day, and the
combined total cost per month, with an average cost per day; and the
average cost of each patient per day, and the average cost of each
patient per month, together with any other items that may be of interest
and utility to the Asylum. He shall make out a table showing what bills
are to be paid on the last month’s expenditures, and, also, a table
exhibiting the Superintendent’s estimate for the expenditures of the
ensuing month.

2. It shall be the duty of the Clerk to keep a correct account of the
patients received—entering, at the time of their admission, in a book
provided for the purpose, a condensed copy of each commitment, with the
facts set forth in the certificate of the examining physicians
accompanying the same. He shall also note, in the same connection, the
condition of the patient, as found by the Superintendent or Assistant
Physician, at the time of admission.


1. The Supervisors shall have a general oversight of the duties of the
Attendants; they shall spend their time chiefly in the wards, and they
shall see that the rules prescribing the duties of the Attendants,
towards the patients, are faithfully observed, that the patients are
well treated, and in all respects properly cared for; they shall, in an
especial manner, have the oversight of the sick, and see that watchers
are detailed for such as require it.

2. They shall have the care of the clothing of the patients, and the
bedding, table linen, towels, etc., of their respective divisions. On
the arrival of a patient at the Institution, whatever clothing is
brought shall be committed immediately to the Supervisor of the division
to which the patient is sent. A clothing account shall be opened for
each patient, in a book provided for the purpose, in which shall be
entered every article brought to the Institution, including what may be
on the patient’s person, and, also, whatever may afterwards be received
or purchased for the patient’s use.

3. Money, jewelry, or other valuables, shall be brought to the office
for safe keeping—except where their retention by the patient is
expressly permitted by the Superintendent or Assistant Physician. On the
discharge, or removal, of a patient, the clothing in his or her
possession, shall be carefully compared with the clothing account of
said patient, that any losses may be discovered or accounted for.

4. The clothing belonging to the patients, in each division, shall be
deposited in a room, set apart for the purpose, the key of which shall
be in custody of the Supervisor, and, at some particular hour of the
day, the Supervisors shall be in attendance in their respective clothing
rooms, to exchange, or supply, such clothing as the wants of patients
may require, and Attendants are enjoined, not to call on the
Supervisors, for that purpose, at any other times, if avoidable.
Clothing required for daily use, shall be kept in the ward closets.

5. The Supervisors shall have charge of the sewing rooms, and when any
patient is in want of new clothing the fact shall be reported to the
Supervisors, who will receive instructions from the Superintendent in
regard to its supply. No clothing shall be purchased out of the Asylum,
if it can be manufactured in the sewing rooms.

6. The Supervisors shall be careful that the clothing of patients is
adapted to the season, and especially to see that patients are not
suffered to go out, either for exercise or labor, without a careful
inspection of what is worn.

7. All articles belonging to patients, shall be legibly marked, and the
Supervisors are expected to see that the clothing of each patient is
devoted to his or her use, and to the use of no other.

8. The Supervisors shall see that each patient is supplied with a full
change of under clothing once a week, and that their outer clothing, and
all bed clothing, is changed as often as their strict cleanliness shall


1. Those employed in the wards in the care of the patients, as their
Attendants, should remember that their first duty is to treat them with
unvarying kindness, respect and attention. Feelings of mutual good will,
can, with few exceptions, be successfully cultivated between Attendants
and those under their immediate care, and doubts may be justly
entertained of an Attendant’s fitness, when these are wanting.

2. The first effort on the part of an Attendant, on receiving a patient,
should be to win his or her confidence, however insensible the patient
may be to kindly advances. Patients generally enter the wards with the
thorough conviction that evil is intended them, and the first show of
harshness or force, however slight, will confirm that impression, while
kind assurances, and manifestations of sympathy, quickly disarm them of
their false impressions, and the first great step in the way of cure is
begun. The Attendant should regard the patient as an honored guest, who
comes, tarries for a short time, and goes on his way, to give to the
world a good or evil report of his entertainer.

3. When a patient manifests opposition to the will of the Attendant, the
point should never give rise to protracted discussion, as opposition may
be only increased thereby. Patients will usually yield when mildly and
kindly informed that they are only asked to comply with a rule binding
on all, and that the request is not merely arbitrary. Whenever
continued resistance is anticipated, it is better to yield the point to
the patient, if the request made is one of no great importance, and
report the case to the Superintendent or Assistant Physician.

4. The muffs, sleeves, wristbands, or other means of confinement, are
never to be used unless by order of the Superintendent or Assistant
Physician; and the Attendant shall never, under any circumstances, use
greater force than is sufficient to secure the patient, himself, or
others, from the efforts of his or her violence, and after the patient
is secured in his or her room, the Superintendent or Assistant Physician
shall be informed of what has occurred.

5. During the evening, after patients have retired, one Attendant or
Assistant, shall always be present in each ward, to discover any
disturbance, and administer to any necessity that may arise, and no
Attendant shall ever leave the ward in which he or she is engaged,
without informing an Assistant of his or her intended absence. During
the day Attendants are expected to make the patients, and the patient’s
clothing, and sleeping apartments, the objects of their most careful

6. On rising in the morning, Attendants shall see that the patients are
properly dressed, washed, hair combed, and otherwise in good condition
to appear at breakfast. The beds shall be made, rooms, halls, dining
rooms, water closets and stair-ways put in good order by 9 o’clock, from
April to September inclusively, and by 10 o’clock from October to March
inclusively. All soiled clothing, bedding, etc., shall be taken from the
building, at the earliest possible hour, before the air of the wards
becomes contaminated thereby. A straw bed once soiled or wet, shall be
immediately emptied and the tick sent to the laundry. The wards and
stair-ways shall be washed and swept as often as necessary to secure
perfect cleanliness. Attendants will be assisted by the patients in the
discharge of these duties, but are themselves alone responsible for
their prompt and faithful performance; when Attendants or Assistants are
engaged with their patients in any kind of outside labor, they shall
keep a correct account of the time of the patient employed, and report
the same at the office at the close of every week.

7. Attendants, in this Institution, are considered the companions, not
“keepers,” of the patients, and, regarding themselves as such, they
shall strive to keep every one, whose physical health will admit of it,
engaged in some kind of amusement or employment in labor, as designated,
from time to time, by the Superintendent, or Assistant Physician. The
cultivation of fruits and flowers, the use of the library, reading room,
gymnasium, bowling alleys, and other means for mental, moral and
physical training, should be in every way encouraged.

8. The Attendants should see that the patients indulge in no pernicious
practices; those given to solitary habits must receive special
attention, and, as far as possible, induced to participate in the
pursuits and amusements of others. Indolent patients should be led about
the wards and yards, and induced to join in exercises; those, on the
contrary, who are weak, and restless, should be induced to take repose.

9. Attendants are forbidden to make walking out with their patients a
pretext for doing errands, or making calls for themselves, and they must
not go to town with the patients, when the state of the roads and fields
allow exercises in other directions, and they must be especially
vigilant that patients, when out, do not obtain possession of any
dangerous implements, matches, or other articles improper for them to
have, and strict search must be made for such immediately on their
return to the Asylum, and before they shall have time to secrete them in
the wards.

10. On the morning of Wednesday and Saturday of every week, each patient
shall receive a tepid bath, unless by reason of sickness or otherwise,
exceptions shall be made by the Superintendent, or Assistant Physician;
the male patients shall be shaven, and an inspection shall be made that
their hair and nails may be suitably trimmed, and the person generally
in cleanly condition. In trimming the hair, no more should be taken off
than necessary to secure a better appearance of the patient—the
practice, of cutting the hair of the insane close to the head, being
positively forbidden, unless, for some special reason, it shall be so
ordered by the Superintendent or Assistant Physician.

11. On Mondays and Thursdays the Attendants shall collect all clothing
designed for the wash, and deliver the same, with lists thereof, to the
Supervisors, at the assorting rooms, and on Wednesdays and Saturdays
they will assist the Overseers of the laundry to assort the clothing,
and place the articles of each ward to themselves for the inspection of
the Supervisors, who will compare them with the washing lists and make
their return thereon.


1. The Assistants will be employed with the Attendants in the care of
the patients, their rooms, clothing, etc.; they will be under the
immediate direction and control of the Attendants; and they are expected
to observe with care the rules prescribed for the management of the
patients, and the government of the Asylum.


1. The meals of the patients shall be served promptly at the following

                _Breakfast._     _Dinner._       _Supper._

December,   }
January,    }     7 A. M.          1 P. M.         7 P. M.
February.   }

March,      }
April,      }
May,        }    6½ A. M.        12½ P. M.        6½ P. M.
September,  }
October,    }
November.   }

June,       }     6 A. M.         12 P. M.         6 P. M.
July,       }
August.     }

2. The Attendants are required to see that their patients are properly
prepared for their meals; that their faces are washed, hair combed, and
clothing adjusted, that each may present a cleanly and orderly

3. At meals the Attendants shall always be present to carve, to
distribute the food, to see that each one has a proper supply, and that
they all take their meals in a proper manner. Each shall be supplied
with such liberal allowance as the nature of the case may require, but
all waste, gluttony, or improper habits at the table shall be mildly
checked by the Attendants. They shall be allowed time to take their
meals at leisure—habits of eating differ, and all (the old
particularly) should have time to eat without hurry.

4. Food that has been handled, or rendered unfit for use, shall be sent
back in a receptacle provided for the purpose, but whatever is fit to be
served in another form shall be carefully laid aside for future

5. Some very plain food should be kept in the dining-room closets, for
the use of those whose meals may have been interrupted, or for old
persons, or for convalescent patients, who sometimes require food
oftener than under ordinary circumstances.

6. Care must be taken that no patient carries away from the table a
knife, fork, spoon, or any article of food, and, to be sure of this, the
knives, forks and spoons should be counted after each meal, and search
be made for any lost article.


1. The duties of the Watchman will commence at half-past seven o’clock,
P. M., at which time he will visit the office to receive instructions
for the night.

2. He is expected, while on duty, to be faithful and vigilant; to visit
every part of the male department, and the outer walls of the female
department, at least every hour during the night, making as little
noise as possible, never conversing in a loud tone, and opening and
shutting the doors as quietly as possible.

3. He is expected to be kind, gentle and soothing in his manners to the
patients, and use every means in his power to tranquilize those who are
excited, and to allay the fears and apprehensions of the timid; he will
pay particular attention to the sick, the suicidal, and those recently
admitted; will see that the patients are properly supplied with water,
when it is asked for, and will attend to all other reasonable wants;
will notice any unusual noise in the patients’ rooms, endeavor to
ascertain the cause, and, if necessary, report the same to the
Attendant; he will notice anything unusual occurring during the night,
and enter the same on a slate provided for the purpose, and he shall
report any irregularities, neglect of duty, or violation of rules, which
may come under his notice.

4. It will be the duty of the Watchman to look after the heating
apparatus during the night; he must be very watchful against fire, and
in case of its occurrence, must report immediately to the Superintendent
and officers without giving general alarm; he shall keep the hose and
fire-ladders always in good order, and in readiness for use; he shall
ring the bell at the hour for rising in the morning, and he will be
expected to perform such other duties as may be required of him. At six
o’clock A. M., he will be relieved by the Porter, and his services will
not be demanded again till the time for duty in the evening.


1. The Watchwoman will have charge of the interior of the female
department during the night, and in the management of the patients, and
the discharge of other duties, will be governed by the rules and
regulations laid down for the government of the Watchman.


1. The time of service of the Porter commences and ends in alternation
with that of night watchman. Cleaning, heating and lighting the front
rooms of the centre building belong to him; he shall see that the front
windows and doors are kept secured during the day, and that visitors
about the premises do not transgress the rules of propriety by talking
with the patients at the windows.

2. He is expected to keep within the sound of the office bell, unless
absent on duty; he shall attend to all messages, when required, and
receive and conduct visitors—observing toward all the utmost politeness
and attention; and he will be expected to perform such other duties as
may be required of him.


1. The Gardener, with the aid of such patients as can be taken out for
that purpose, shall have the care of the orchard, garden, and grounds
around the Asylum and Physician’s house; he shall have charge of the
cultivation of the vegetables, fruits and flowers, and he will be held
responsible for their safe keeping and delivery at the Asylum, as
directed, from time to time, by the Superintendent or Steward.

2. He shall keep a pass-book, in which shall be entered by the Steward,
the number, weight or measurement of the products of the garden and
orchard, delivered from time to time, to the Asylum and Physician’s
house, together with an accurate account of the time employed by the
patients in his department of labor, and he shall report the same at the
office every Saturday evening.

3. As the fruits and flowers are intended for the use of the patients,
the Gardener is enjoined not to permit visitors or employees to pluck,
or otherwise disturb them, without permission from the Superintendent
or Assistant Physician.


1. The Carpenter, who is also Engineer, shall have charge of the
work-shop, tools, etc., belonging to his department of labor; he shall,
with his Assistants, who will be subject to his direction, attend to the
repairs, alterations, and improvements made under the direction of the
Superintendent or Steward; he shall also have charge of the
engine-house, and tools connected therewith, and will be expected to run
the engine as often as may be necessary to keep a full and ample supply
of water in the tank for the daily and nightly use of the Asylum.

2. He shall keep a book in which shall be entered the amount of lumber
used, and the time employed by himself and Assistants, together with the
time employed by the patients, upon each item of labor in his
department; he shall also keep, in the same book, the amount of fuel
consumed, and the running time of the engine in pumping water, and in
sawing wood and lumber.

3. He shall make a report to the Clerk every Saturday night, showing all
the business and labor of his charge during the week.


1. The Overseers of the laundry will have charge of the house and
furniture of the laundry; they will be held responsible for the
safe-keeping of the clothing delivered to them, until they shall be
washed, ironed and returned, in a suitable condition for immediate use,
to the assorting room, and placed in the charge of the Supervisor.

2. They shall keep the house and furniture in good order, and see that
everything is safely locked up at night; they shall observe the rules
and regulations of the Institution, and see that they are observed by
all who are employed under them, and shall report any remissness, or
neglect of duty, to the Superintendent or Steward.


1. The Farmer, under the direction and control of the Steward, shall
have under his immediate charge, the lands used for farming purposes;
the farming implements, the horses, cattle, hogs, chickens and produce
of the farm, together with the hay, grain, straw, etc., purchased and
delivered at the Asylum.

2. He will keep a book, in which, under the head of GENERAL ACCOUNTS, he
will charge the farm with, the wages paid for labor, and the labor
performed by the patients; the cost of farming implements; the amount
paid for blacksmithing; the grain, hay, bran, shorts, straw, etc.,
received; and all other articles or items, of expenditure for farming
purposes. Under the same head, he will credit the farm with all products
received; with the labor of himself and hands in making fences, gates,
putting up buildings etc., together with all articles which may be sold.

3. He will also keep, in the same book, separate accounts under the
following heads—FOR THE ASYLUM: FOR HOGS: FOR CATTLE, ETC. On account
for the Asylum he will charge every article of produce, grain, hay,
straw, etc., together with the pork, beef, veal, chickens, etc.,
delivered from time to time, to the Steward, for the use of the Asylum
and the Physician’s house; and credit the Asylum with every article, of
whatever nature or kind, purchased by the Steward and placed in his
keeping. On account for hogs he will charge—amount paid for sows, pigs,
shoats, etc.; amount paid for grain fed per day; amount paid for
butchering; and amount paid for any expenses not included in the above.
He will credit the number and weight of hogs sold, and the amount of
pork supplied. On account for cattle he will charge—amount paid for
cattle purchased; amount paid for grain, hay, shorts, bran, etc., fed
per day, and the amount of any other expenditure incurred for cattle. He
will credit—the quantity of milk and butter obtained daily, and the
number and weight of cattle fatted and killed, including the hides and

4. As the Farmer will be held responsible for the safe keeping of all
grain, hay, straw, bran, shorts, cattle, hogs, horses, farming
implements, or anything else connected with the farm, the Steward will
see that no such article is left at the Asylum, unless received by
himself in person, or by the Farmer.

5. The Farmer will be careful to confer often with the Steward in
reference to all matters pertaining to his charge, give timely notice as
to all his wants, and he will be expected to be faithful and industrious
in the use of every means in his power, to render the farm productive
and profitable to the Asylum.

6. He shall make a report, embracing all the business transactions of
the farm, whenever required to do so by the Superintendent or Steward.


1. Visitors and others will be permitted to visit the Institution on any
day, except Sunday, between the hours of 10 A. M. and 3 P. M.

2. No visitor shall be admitted within the wards occupied by the
patients, without express permission from the Superintendent, or
Assistant Physician. And especial care must be taken that no amount of
visiting is permitted in the wards that might prove injurious to the

3. Visitors are expressly forbidden to furnish any inmate of the Asylum
with tobacco in any form; or to deliver to, or receive from a patient,
any letter, parcel, or package, without the knowledge and approbation
of the Superintendent, or Assistant Physician.

4. Those having charge of patients are particularly enjoined to abstain
from mentioning to visitors the names of those in their charge, their
peculiarities, or any other circumstances, a knowledge of which might be
painful to persons connected with them.

5. Visitors are respectfully requested not to disturb the flowers and
fruit in the Asylum garden and grounds.


1. The Library of the male department shall be under the charge of the
Supervisor. Every volume taken therefrom shall be charged to the
borrower, except for the use of the patients, when it shall be charged
to the Attendant, into whose ward it is taken, who will be responsible
for its being used with ordinary care and returned in proper time.

2. If a volume shall be lost or destroyed, by any patient, the
Attendant, having charge of the patient, will report the fact to the
Supervisor, and, if practicable, exhibit the fragments. If lost or
destroyed, by any other person, it must be replaced.

3. No one will be permitted to take from the library more than one
volume at a time, or to keep a volume more than two weeks, without
permission from the Superintendent or Assistant Physician, except
Bibles, Testaments and Prayer books placed in the hands of the patients
for daily reading.

4. The Supervisor will be responsible for books taken from the library
and not charged.

5. The Library of the female department will be under the charge of the
Matron, who, in its management, will be governed by the above rules,
prescribing the duties and responsibilities of the Supervisor.


In the preparation of the foregoing Rules and Regulations, the Resident
Physician has made free use of the published rules of other
Institutions, particularly those of the Illinois State Hospital for the

Transcriber’s Note: The table below lists all corrections applied to the
original text.

p. 04: [added closing quote] prescribed by the By-Laws.”
p. 05: vail of deepest secrecy -> veil
p. 06: shall be tranferred -> transferred
p. 07: the use of tabacco-> tobacco
p. 16: 12 M. -> 12 P. M.
p. 21: the use of the Asylum and the Physcian’s house -> Physician’s

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