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Title: Water Wizardry - A collection of tricks in which water is the chief agent
Author: Ainslie, Arthur
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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  WATER WIZARDRY

  A COLLECTION OF TRICKS IN WHICH WATER IS THE CHIEF AGENT

  BY
  ARTHUR AINSLIE


  _ILLUSTRATED BY 20 DIAGRAMS_


  London
  C. Arthur Pearson, Limited
  Henrietta Street, W.C.
  1922



  Printed in Great Britain at
  _The Mayflower Press, Plymouth_. William Brendon & Son, Ltd.



  CONTENTS


                                                                     PAGE

     I. Little Tricks                                                  11

        The Impossible--"An old One"--A Quaint Mixture--The Shower
        Bath--A Steady Hand--In the Soup--On the Edge

    II. Little Tricks--(_continued_)                                   26

        Topsy Turvy--A Sporting Offer--A Feat of Dexterity--More
        than Full--The Obedient Corks--A Peculiar Egg--The Suspended
        Mug--The Sticky Glass--The Floating Pin--Washing a Card

   III. The Hydrostatic Tube (David Devant's Trick)                    43

    IV. The Passe-Passe Trick                                          50

     V. The Rice Bowls                                                 60

    VI. The Indian Sands                                               75

   VII. The Dissolved Card                                             83

  VIII. Miscellaneous Water Tricks                                     96

        The Wine and Water Trick (David Devant's method)--The
        Vanishing Glass of Water--The Vanishing Water--The Aquarius
        Tube--Links--The Milk Cans--Water from Waste Paper--Cotton
        Wool to Water--Silk from Water



  WATER WIZARDRY

  CHAPTER I

  LITTLE TRICKS


The following tricks are suitable for informal performances. These
tricks are easy, but I advise the amateur conjurer to try them over
privately a few times before showing them to an audience. The first
trick I call


  The Impossible

Three tumblers, a jug of water, and a piece of stiff paper about eight
inches by four are required. Pour the water into the tumblers until each
is about half full. Be very anxious--before an audience--to see that
there is the same quantity of water in each glass, not that this little
detail has anything to do with the actual working of the trick, but it
may lead people to think that it has--until they see you do the trick.

Now, place the paper on the edges of two of the glasses, forming a kind
of bridge between them. Pick up the third glass and let it rest, while
the hand still holds it, on the paper bridge. Naturally, the paper will
sink down under the weight. Then you move the two glasses a little
nearer to each other and try again, and again the paper bends under the
weight of the glass you place on it.

[Illustration:
{3 half-full glasses and piece of paper}
_THE APPARATUS_

{half-full glass supported by pleated paper on top of 2 half-full glasses}
_THE TRICK_

Fig. 1]

You pretend to be in difficulties and encourage the "knowing ones" in
your audience to jeer at you as you try the trick again and again. You
explain that there is a way of resting the glass on the paper in such a
way that the paper shall not sink down. Some brainy person will then
say, "Impossible!"--or it is to be hoped that they will--because that
will give you the opportunity of saying:

"Thank you. I remember it now. 'Impossible' happens to be the name of
the trick; thanks for giving me the clue. It won't be such a bad
trick--will it?--if I make a bridge between these two glasses with this
piece of paper and then place the other glass on the bridge. . . ."

"With the water still in the glass," says one of your victims.

"Of course--with the water still in the glass."

Some members of your audience will be sure to say that it cannot be
done; others will beg to be allowed to think it out. You will probably
hear whispering:

"The water in the glasses has something to do with it. Why was he so
jolly careful to get the same quantity of water in each glass? Now, wait
a minute. . . ."

This is where you chuckle secretly. You invite anyone to come and try
the experiment. Your audience will suggest putting something under the
paper--a strip of cardboard or something of that kind. You work up the
excitement as you say: "No cardboard is used in the trick."

Your audience will jump to the conclusion that something besides the
articles they see is used, but they are wrong. The trick can be done
when you know how to do it.

When everyone has "given it up" fold the paper in pleats lengthwise,
open out the pleats a little, and rest the paper on the tops of two of
the glasses. The paper is then in corrugated form and it will bear the
weight of the third glass, half full of water, upon it. You have
achieved the "impossible."

Of course you could do the trick in about half the time by merely
asking: "Can you do this?" and then proceeding to do it, but by working
up the trick in the way I have suggested you make it more effective.

You will now see the necessity of a little private rehearsal with the
glasses and the paper that you are going to use. You have to make sure
that the paper is sufficiently thick, that the pleats are folded
properly (they must not be too wide) and that the glass is not too
heavy. The trick is quite simple with a "pony" glass, but as the base of
the glass is small the pleats of the paper must also be small; otherwise
you will have difficulty in balancing the glass on the paper.


  "An Old One"

If you have a small boy in your audience when you start to do your next
trick you will be sure to hear him say that he has seen it before and
that it is an old trick, but you need not let a little thing like that
worry you. The trick is old, but I have given it a little "twist" which,
I think, will leave the small boy guessing as to how it is done.

You have a glass of water. You borrow a penny, throw a handkerchief over
it and ask someone to hold it over the glass; the penny is held by the
edges. You instruct the person helping you to drop the penny into the
glass of water when you say "Go!" They obey your instructions and the
penny is heard to drop into the water. (You will understand, of course,
that the handkerchief is draped round the glass, and so the penny is not
seen to fall.) You pull the handkerchief away and hold the glass up to
the light. The penny has vanished.

The old way of doing this trick was with an eyeglass, which was
concealed in your hand. In throwing the handkerchief over the penny you
brought the eyeglass up and under the handkerchief while you kept the
penny concealed in your hand. The eyeglass was therefore dropped into
the glass and it sank to the bottom. By using a glass of the right size
it is possible to pour out the water without giving the trick away; the
eyeglass adheres to the bottom of the little tumbler.

In all probability, therefore, at the conclusion of the trick the small
boy in your audience will say:

"Now let's look at the tumbler."

You pass it to him at once; he thinks he has "got you," but he hasn't.
The glass is empty.

The little "twist" I have mentioned consists in using an eyeglass with a
hole in it. The hole enables you to attach the eyeglass by a short piece
of cotton to one corner of the handkerchief. The trick is doubly
effective when done in this way because at the beginning you can show
that you have only the penny in your hand. Arrange the handkerchief in
your pocket before commencing the trick; you will find it convenient to
have it either in your right trousers pocket or the left-hand inside
pocket of your coat; then you will be able to get at it easily. The
prepared corner, with the eyeglass resting on it, should be at the top.
When you take the handkerchief by the prepared corner from your pocket
the eyeglass will hang down behind the handkerchief and be hidden there.
Then take the handkerchief by the prepared corner in your left hand and
apparently place the penny under the handkerchief, but of course you
conceal the penny in your hand and bring up the eyeglass. Someone grasps
the eyeglass by the edge (through the handkerchief) and lets it fall
into the tumbler. You then take the handkerchief by the prepared corner
and pull it upwards quickly and then away from the glass. Put the
handkerchief into your pocket as you pour the water out of the glass to
show that the penny has vanished. The small boy may ask to see the
handkerchief again, and so you have taken the precaution to have another
handkerchief, bunched up in your pocket, in readiness. And this is the
handkerchief that you produce for inspection--if someone insists on
seeing "the handkerchief" but not otherwise.


  A Quaint Mixture

A soda-water tumbler, a jug containing from a quarter to half a pint of
water, and a cup of coffee with a little milk in it are needed for this
experiment.

The trick is to pour both the coffee and the water into the big tumbler
and then separate them again. Possibly somebody will attempt this feat
by first placing a small tumbler in the large one, pouring the coffee
into the small tumbler and the water around it. But can it be said that
you pour both the coffee and the water into the tumbler when you really
pour the coffee into another glass placed inside the tumbler? No, that
solution does not work.

Here is the way in which you carry out your intentions.

Pour the coffee into the big tumbler and place on it a disc of thin
cardboard; the disc should reach nearly to the edge of the tumbler. Then
pour the water very slowly, a few drops at a time, on to the top of the
cardboard, which breaks the fall of the water. The water runs off to the
edge, and as the coffee is heavier than the water the latter remains on
the top. The cardboard disc floats upwards with the water, and so the
first half of the trick is accomplished.

The separation of the liquids can be brought about in two or three ways.
For example, you can offer to drink the coffee without drinking the
water, and you achieve this apparent miracle by merely putting in a
straw and sucking up the coffee; in that way you have separated the two
liquids.

With the help of a scent spray you can pump the water into the jug
again, taking great care, of course, not to disturb the surface of the
coffee. You can also take out nearly all the water with a small sponge
and the remainder with a piece of blotting paper.


  The Shower Bath

This is not really the title of the next trick, but it is sometimes
suitable for it when the trick is performed by a man who has never had a
rehearsal. It is quite a good trick to play on to somebody at a
Christmas party. Just tell your audience that instead of doing the next
trick yourself you will show somebody else how to do it. Then pour out a
glass of water, put a small plate on the top of it and, pressing the
plate with the left hand on to the glass and holding the glass with the
right hand, turn the lot over. Thus you have a glass of water inverted
on a plate.

The trick is to drink the water, but in order to get the glass to your
mouth you must use only one hand.

To do it--lift the plate with the glass upon it and place it on your
head. Balance it there for a second. Then, pressing the glass against
the plate with the right hand, bend down to the table until you can put
the glass on the table and leave the plate on the top of it. Then all
you have to do is to lift the plate and drink the water.

There is another way of doing this trick, and if the first does not
result in a shower bath for the man who is trying it for the first time
the second way is almost sure to have that effect.

After the glass of water is inverted on the plate, bend down until the
top of the head touches the bottom of the glass. Then, pressing the
plate against the glass slowly raise the head and stand erect. Stand
quite still, remove the plate, and then remove the glass and drink the
contents--if you like.

[Illustration:
{forehead placed on inverted glass on plate,
then invert head so glass is upright}
Fig. 2]

There is a kind of first cousin to this trick. Take two claret glasses.
Half fill one of them with water and place the empty glass on the top of
it. The trick is to pour the water into the empty glass and drink it,
but you must use only one hand and you are not to touch the top glass
with it.

Pick up the two glasses together by taking the bottom one by the stem
(it is just as well to practise this with your own glasses and to stand
over a bed during the rehearsal) and then pull off the top one with
your mouth and hold it firmly between the teeth. Then you can pour the
water into it. Still holding the other glass in your hand place the
glass with the water on the top of it, and then, holding the two
together, you can drink the water.


  A Steady Hand

You can use one of the glasses for this trick. Half fill it with water
and then, tilting the glass, try to balance it on the edge of the foot.
With care and a little practice you can accomplish this feat by sheer
skill, but you simplify it considerably if you take the precaution to
slip a match under the table-cloth before you begin. If you are doing
the trick at a dinner table it is just possible that some evil-disposed
person may notice the little bump in the tablecloth caused by the match,
and so you prepare for that charge by tying a piece of cotton to the
match. The end of the cotton hangs down below the table-cloth close to
your hand, and directly you have done the trick you quietly pull the
match away, and then you can challenge Mr. Know-all to do the trick
himself.


  In the Soup

The soup in this case is represented with water, and you can use the
same glass; it should be about half full of water. Lay a piece of nice
shiny cardboard on the top of it--a piece about eight inches square is
large enough--and on the cardboard and exactly over the glass stand a
cork. On the top of the cork balance a tangerine orange. Now, if you
give a sharp knock to the cardboard with your right hand the cardboard
should go skimming away, taking the cork "off the premises" with it, and
the tangerine should drop into the water.

This feat appears to be very difficult, but it is not; the weight of the
tangerine helps you. When you can do the trick every time with one glass
you can try it with two glasses--using a larger piece of cardboard, of
course--and then three glasses, and, finally, four. It is not so easy
then.

This feat is often performed on the stage, but eggs--or, rather,
imitation eggs--are used in place of the tangerines, and the trick in
that form is difficult because the eggs are light. Don't follow up your
stroke when you are hitting the cardboard away. Just give it a sharp
knock and bring the hand to a standstill with a jerk. Look around you
before you do the trick; otherwise, you may hurt somebody with the
flying piece of cardboard. To avoid any accident of this kind get a
friend to stand a little to the side of your table so that he may catch
the cardboard.

When the trick is performed on the stage a tea-tray is generally used,
and the raised edge of the tray adds considerably to the difficulty of
the trick.


  On the Edge

Hold a card by the sides between the fingers and thumb of the right
hand, the face of the card being towards the audience. Now, can you
balance a glass half full of water on the top of the card?

[Illustration:

_PLAN_
{from front it looks like glass is balanced on edge of card,
from side you see index finger is helping to balance glass}

_FRONT_     _SIDE_

Fig. 3]

I know of four ways of doing this trick, but we need not take any notice
of the first because you are not likely to trouble to learn it; it
consists in actually doing what you profess to do--balance the glass. It
can be done, but you need a very steady hand and long practice.

The second way is by the aid of a specially prepared card. This is made
of two cards, fastened together.

Fold a card lengthways in half. Stick one-half to the back of another
card and then fold back the half which is not stuck so that the back of
the prepared card may appear to be the back of an ordinary card.

Now, if you hold up this card by the sides you can easily fold the loose
half back a little when you are putting the glass on the edge of the
card, and thus you get a firm standing place for the glass. If you wish
to be able to throw this card down on the table without giving away the
secret (because there will naturally be a little curve in the part which
you folded back) you must make a little spring hinge by means of a strip
of india-rubber down the card. A card prepared in this way can be bought
at a conjuring shop. The trick is quite a good one when done in this
way, but, of course, it has this drawback. If you are performing at a
friend's house and you are using borrowed cards it is more than probable
that the backs of the borrowed cards will not match the back of the
trick card. Well, you can do the trick without the use of a specially
prepared card, and this brings us to the third method.

Take any card and fold it in halves lengthways. Then fold it back again
and put it on the top of the pack. Of course, if you are performing with
a borrowed pack of cards you will have to seize your opportunity to do
this when the attention of the audience is directed to another trick, or
you can do it before your performance begins.

Now, pick up the two top cards together and hold them in the right hand
in the way described, with the face of the lower card towards the
audience. You will understand, of course, that to the audience these two
cards must appear to be one card. When you take the glass with your left
hand and try to balance it on the top of the card the back of the left
hand is towards the audience and the hand nearly covers the whole of the
card. This gives you the chance of bending back the top card to make a
firm resting-place for the glass. The bending is done with the right
first finger. To assist you in keeping the cards nicely squared up while
you are bending back the top one place the right little finger under the
lower edge of the cards and the left middle finger and thumb at the
sides, the left thumb being just above the right thumb. Of course, the
left hand is held in this position for only a few moments while you are
balancing the glass.

After you have done the trick in this way casually return the two cards
to the pack and shuffle the cards, thus getting the bent card out of
sight.

The fourth method is, to my mind, the best of the lot, because you use
only one card. Hold it in the way described and bend it slightly, the
convex side being towards the audience. Now, in the act of balancing the
glass on the edge with your left hand just stick your right first finger
straight up behind the card and rest the glass partly on the edge of the
card and partly on the tip of your finger which, of course, is hidden
by the card. It will be necessary to hold the card up fairly high so
that no one can get a glimpse over the top of it. The trick is over so
quickly that no one notices that the first finger is concealed behind
the card.



  CHAPTER II

  LITTLE TRICKS--(_continued_)


I have often thought that many conjurers--amateur and professional--take
themselves and their conjuring far too seriously. It is just as well to
unbend occasionally, and as a little change from tricks to spring a
simple catch on your audience. Here is one.

Pour some water into a glass and cover it with an opera hat. Throw a
large cloth over the hat.

"Now then," you say to your audience, "do you think that I can drink the
water without lifting the hat?" The answer is in the negative, as they
say in the House of Commons when they mean "No."

Hold up the cloth so that it hides your face. The audience see both
hands on the top edge of the cloth and therefore are convinced that you
are not removing the hat. Make the sound of a man drinking from a glass.
(I confess that this part of the experiment is not all it ought to be!)
Then announce that you have performed the feat and drop the cloth.
Somebody will be sure to pick up the hat to see if the water is in the
glass; then you drink the water. You have performed the feat of drinking
the water without lifting the hat.


  Topsy Turvy

A more difficult experiment--until you know the secret. Ask someone to
put water into a glass when the glass is held upside down. Naturally,
they give it up. Then:

Pour some water on a plate. Crumple up a small piece of paper, light it
and drop it into a tumbler; let it burn for a second or two and then
invert the glass over the plate. You will see the water rush into the
glass. You have kept your word and have put water into the glass when
the glass has been upside down.


  A Sporting Offer

Bend a wooden match into the form of a capital V, taking care not to
break the match. Lay the match on the top of a bottle and just at the
angle of the "V" place a threepenny bit. Tell someone that they may have
the coin if they can get it into the bottle, but they must not touch the
match, or the coin, or the bottle, or the table on which the bottle is
standing, and they must not blow the coin into the bottle.

You have probably guessed--since this book has to do with water
tricks--that water must be used in this trick in some way. In that case
you are right. Drop a little water on the angle of the match; the wood
will expand, the "V" will open and the threepenny bit will drop into the
bottle.


  A Feat of Dexterity

Pour some water into a tumbler and balance two pennies on the edge of
the tumbler; the coins should be opposite to each other.

The trick is to remove the coins together, using only a thumb and one
finger.

To do this place the thumb on one coin and the first finger on the
other. Quickly slide the coins down the sides of the glass and bring the
first finger and thumb together, taking the coins with them.

This is a feat of dexterity; it is not difficult, but you will not do it
at the first attempt. The water helps to steady the glass.


  More Than Full

If a glass is full of water it will not hold anything else; that is
obvious. But----

Fill a glass with water. Stand it on a level surface. Wipe the edge of
the glass very carefully, because for the purpose of this experiment it
must be quite dry. Then, with a steady hand bring the edge of a sixpence
to the surface of the water and let the coin go. If you are careful you
can put a dozen sixpences into the glass without causing the water to
run over the brim.


  The Obedient Corks

For this little experiment you want a nice large rose bowl, full of
water, and seven corks. The trick is to put the corks into the water
and to cause them to float in a perpendicular position.

This is how you do it. Grasp all the corks in one hand, and hold them
under the water until they are thoroughly soaked. Then hold them in the
position you wish them to assume and let them go; they will remain close
together and in an upright position.


  A Peculiar Egg

The peculiarity of the egg used in this experiment is that it neither
floats on the top of a large glass of water nor sinks to the bottom, but
merely remains an inch or two under water all the time.

Make a saturated solution of salt and half fill a big tumbler with it.
Then, with a spoon fill up the tumbler with ordinary water, putting it
in very steadily so that it does not mingle with the brine at the bottom
of the glass. Now if you drop an egg gently into the liquid--which looks
like ordinary water--the egg will sink down through the water, but will
come to a standstill on to the top of the brine.


  The Suspended Mug

This is an easy catch--more suitable for the garden than for the
drawing-room.

Tie a piece of string to the handle of a mug. Hold the other end of the
string, so that the mug is suspended, and pour in all the water it will
hold in that position.

Stand on a chair and ask for the services of an assistant. You tell
your assistant that you are going to cut the string, and it is his job
to catch the mug without spilling a drop of the water. The first
assistant naturally fails because you cut the string when he is not
expecting the mug to fall. Another assistant tries his luck; he probably
holds his hands just under the mug. You protest that that is not fair,
but you will try the trick, nevertheless. While talking you quietly move
the string until the mug is just over your victim's head, and then you
cut the string quickly. (Note. Don't try this trick with a bad-tempered
person, or you may spoil the party, and, obviously, the man must be
wearing a hard hat or the mug will hurt him badly.)

You can keep the game going for quite a little time if you can induce
enough brave spirits to take a hand, but sooner or later someone is sure
to suggest that you try the trick yourself. You at once consent, and you
tell your audience that if they will cut the string you will most
certainly catch the mug directly it falls. While making this apparently
rash promise you quietly tie a little loop in the string and keep it
hidden with your hand for a moment. When your assistant is holding one
end of the string and everyone is prepared to see you get a ducking you
take your hand away from the loop, tell your assistant to cut the string
"just there" pointing to the loop, and you will catch the mug directly
it falls; of course, it will not fall.

All this is only a catch, something to amuse people at a juvenile
garden party. To go to the opposite extreme, here is a little trick
which will "want doing" if it is to be done well.


  The Sticky Glass

Pick up a wineglass and fill it with water; while doing so say something
about the state of the glass; you can say that the stem feels a little
sticky, but perhaps it will do for the trick. Dip a small square piece
of paper into the glass of water and take it out again. This action
naturally spills a little of the water, so you fill up the glass once
more. Then you place the piece of wet paper on the top of the glass and
turn the glass over, and take the hand away. The paper remains over the
glass, and the water does not run out.

If there is a schoolboy present he will be sure to tell you that there
is nothing in that; anybody can do it. It is even probable that the boy
will explain to you that the pressure of the air on the under surface of
the paper is greater than the pressure of the water in the glass. Hence
the apparent miracle. Let the dear boy prattle on. Then tell him that
you have not done the trick yet.

Slowly take the paper away from the glass. The water remains. Put the
paper back again; turn the glass right end uppermost, remove the paper,
and show that you have nothing in your hands except the paper and the
wineglass of water.

This is a capital little trick, but it needs practice. The edge of the
top of the glass should be ground perfectly flat, and the base should be
rather larger than the top. You also need a disc of celluloid with the
edge slightly sunk so that when the disc is placed on the glass it fits
there and cannot easily slip off sideways.

[Illustration: _Paper disc_      _Paper_

_Celluloid Fake_                 _Fake_

_PAPER PLACED ON BOTTOM OF GLASS_  _PAPER & FAKE COVER GLASS TOGETHER_

Fig. 4]

Before commencing the trick dip this celluloid disc into some water and
place it under the base of the glass, the sunk edge being against the
glass. The water will cause the disc to adhere to the glass, and
therefore when you show the glass you have nothing concealed in your
hands. Fill the glass with the water and dip in the piece of paper. This
causes some of the water to overflow and you naturally want to pick up
the jug to fill it up again, but you are holding the glass in the left
hand and the wet paper in your right. To get the right hand free you
place the paper under the base of the glass and therefore under the
celluloid disc while you fill up the glass with water. Then, in putting
on the paper again you take the disc away with it and the disc goes
quietly on the top of the glass. It is advisable to make the water
overflow in the first place because you want to get the edge of the
glass wet.

Press down on the paper and shape the paper round the glass and you need
not worry about the rest; the celluloid disc will adhere tightly and you
can wave the glass about after you have taken the paper away. You have
said something in the first part of the trick about the glass being
sticky, and you now mention that it must be very sticky, since all the
water has stuck to it.

In replacing the paper on the top of your glass get your thumb nail
under the disc and lift it up. Then remove the paper with the disc under
it, place both under the glass, take away the paper, leaving the disc
stuck to the base of the glass and the trick is over.

A similar trick is done with a tumbler, but as the base of an ordinary
tumbler is smaller than the top the disc of celluloid cannot be hidden
under the tumbler; it is usual to have it on a tray, and after wetting
the paper to place the paper over the disc and pick up both together.

The tumbler used for this trick usually has a small hole made in one
side (if there can be any side to a round tumbler). At the beginning of
the trick the hole is closed with wax, and to conclude the trick the
conjurer holds the inverted glass with the paper on it over a glass
bowl, scrapes away the wax, thus admitting air, and the water rushes
out, carrying the paper and disc with it into the bowl.

For a very much finer trick of this kind the reader is referred to
Chapter III, "The Hydrostatic Tube."

We now return, for a moment, to our wineglass which was left at the
conclusion of the trick, with a celluloid disc adhering to its base. The
conjurer will naturally want to get rid of this disc at the earliest
opportunity, and so he provides his own opportunity by performing this


  Feat of Dexterity

First of all, the conjurer says that the base of the glass is wet. He
takes out a clean handkerchief to dry it and in so doing wipes away the
celluloid disc and puts it into his pocket. He pours a little of the
water out of the glass, which should not be more than about half full,
especially during the first rehearsals!

The feat consists in looping the loop with the glass, by swinging it
right round with the hand, without spilling the water. It is as well to
rehearse the feat in the garden!

Pick up the glass by holding the back of the hand towards the table and
getting the stem of the glass between the second and third fingers.
Extend the arm and then, with a quick semicircular sweep of the arm,
which should be held stiffly, bring the glass right round and deposit it
on the other side of the table. You want a little nerve, and the feat is
not difficult, but it appears to be.

[Illustration:
{glass of water with stem held between index and middle finger,
inverted in arc, and placed back on table without spilling water}
Fig. 5]

Japanese performers present a very spectacular feat of this kind in
which they use two large buckets tied to the ends of a rope. The buckets
are swung about at an alarming pace and in "impossible" positions
without a drop of water being spilled; centrifugal force explains the
mystery.


  The Floating Pin

This is a "quieter" trick. Give someone a bowl of water and ask them to
lay a pin on the surface of the water and leave it there. The pin
naturally sinks to the bottom of the bowl, whereupon you complain that
your directions have not been carried out properly; they are not likely
to be unless the person to whom you hand the pin happens to know the
secret of the trick.

Lay a cigarette paper gently on the top of the water and put the pin on
the paper. In a few moments the paper will sink, leaving the pin
floating on the surface of the water.


  Washing a Card

You can begin this trick by asking someone if they have ever tried to
wash a playing card with water; if so, have they noticed the effect. You
ask for a pack of cards and begin the experiment by holding the pack in
the left hand, with the fingers on the lower side and the thumb on the
other.

There is no harm in saying that the experiment is most successful with a
five-spot card, and you put, say, the five of clubs on the bottom of the
pack and therefore hold the pack with that card facing the audience.
Then, this is what you apparently do.

Dip a finger into some water and rub on the pip at the lower corner
nearest to you. To dry the card you take your handkerchief from your
pocket and dab the corner. The audience see that you have apparently
washed away one of the pips.

Turn the cards over in your hand, so that the blank corner is now at the
top and repeat the experiment with the pip which is now in the position
occupied by the first. This action reduces the number of pips on the
card to three, arranged diagonally across the face of the card.

Repeat the experiment, but this time wash away the two corner pips at
once, leaving only one pip in the centre of the card. Then wash away
this pip and you have a blank card, which you hand out for examination.

[Illustration:

_WASHING OFF THE SPOTS_

{hold five of clubs, then wash off one club at a time until all gone}
_SPECIAL CARDS REQUIRED_

Fig. 6]

To begin with, the request for the loan of a pack of cards is not quite
what it seems. You arrange with a kind friend in the audience to "find"
a pack of cards when you ask for one, and that person has no difficulty
in "finding" the pack which you have prepared for the trick and placed
in some convenient hiding-place in the house.

The disappearance of the first pip is easily managed: You dip a finger
into the water, shake it, and rub the corner with a dry finger. Then
shake the pack as though you were trying to dry the card; this action
enables you to turn the pack, in a natural way, with its face towards
the floor and thus the audience do not see that the pip is still on the
card. Then you take your handkerchief from your pocket, and in so doing
secretly take out a five of clubs with one spot missing behind the
handkerchief. It is not a difficult matter, under cover of the
handkerchief and while pretending to dab the corner of the card, to slip
the prepared card on the face of the pack. Having done that, show your
hands and the handkerchief to your audience, to let them see that you
have not merely slipped the pip off the card, but have apparently
dissolved it in water and removed all trace of it.

Directly after you have shown this card on the bottom of the pack turn
the pack over in the hand, so that the blank corner is now at the top.
Now if you bend the third and little fingers of the left hand slightly
they will conceal the pip at that corner, but before you bend the
fingers let the audience see the card. Now you have to exchange that
card for another with only three pips on it, the pips being diagonally
across the card.

This prepared card is at the back of the pack. While you are talking
bring the right hand to the front of the pack, push up the back card
with the first finger of the left hand, extend the fingers of the right
hand and push the card to the tips of the fingers of the right hand, at
the same time slide the card down on to the face of the pack.

This movement takes a long time to explain in print, but it is done in
the fraction of a second. All you apparently do is to bring the right
hand up to the pack to square up the cards.

Directly you have the "three card" at the face of the pack, bend the
third and little fingers slightly and thus hide the place where the
missing pip ought to be. The card is now apparently the same card which
the audience saw before--a five spot with one spot missing.

This time, when you dip a finger into the water and pretend to wash away
a spot you must work rather quickly, and as you take away the tips of
the third and little fingers to enable you to wash away the pip which is
supposed to be there, you must bring the right hand over the spot at
once, otherwise the audience will see that the spot is not there! This
time you have the advantage of being able to show the blank corner
directly you take away your right hand. Take out your handkerchief, dab
the corner with it and return it to your pocket.

Now tell your audience that if you wish to rub away two spots at once
you have to use both hands. Take the cards in the right hand for a
moment while you dip a finger of the left hand into the water. In the
act of passing the cards from one hand to the other you slide the next
card from the back to the front; this card has one pip in the centre.
(If your cards have no index corners you can use the ace for this card.)

While you dip the finger of the left hand into the water you must hold
the pack with the face card downwards; take it, in the same position, in
the left hand, while you dip a finger of the right hand into the water.
Then rub first one corner with the left hand and then the other corner
with the right hand and bring up the pack with the card facing the
audience, but hold the pack in both hands with the hands at the corners
(top and bottom) as though you were merely hiding the pips there.
Someone is sure to tell you to "take away your hands," and, apparently
reluctantly, you do so, disclosing the card with the single pip in the
centre. The laugh will then be in your favour, and you take advantage of
this temporary diversion to slip the next card from the back to the
front of the pack. Then hold the pack by the sides in the right hand
with the fingers right over the centre, and the audience will think that
the single pip is still there, being hidden by the fingers.

To conclude the trick you can say that your fingers are damp enough to
manage one pip and you pretend to rub it off the face of the card, which
is thus blank.

Take this card away in your right hand, and offer it to someone on your
left hand for examination, taking care to turn the pack down with its
face to the floor as you remove the blank card, otherwise the audience
will see the next card, which is the one-pip card.

The object of handing the blank card to someone on your left is to
enable you to turn in that direction in a natural way, because directly
you have turned you drop the pack you are holding in the left-hand
pocket of your coat (or dinner jacket) and take from it another pack,
from which the five of clubs has been abstracted. This is important
because a juvenile audience is merciless to an amateur conjurer as a
rule and someone is sure to say: "Let us have a look at the cards."
Don't be in too great a hurry to hand them out for examination; always
"play" with the younger members of your audience when you get the chance
to do so. Of course, if the children are so exceedingly well behaved
that they do not ask to see the cards you must suggest that "perhaps you
would like to have a look at the cards," but I hope for your sake that
the children are not of that kind. An audience of very prim and proper
children may be easy to a conjurer, because they do not attempt to catch
him out, but in another sense they are very difficult because it is by
no means easy to engage and hold their attention. I much prefer an
audience of children who are quite natural and who are therefore always
eager to pounce upon any little weak point--or point which they think is
weak--in a trick.

The preparation of the trick cards required for this trick is not a
difficult matter. If expense is no object the best plan is to buy
several packs of cards, with the backs all alike. A blank card usually
goes with each pack. If the cards have no index corners you need prepare
only two trick cards--one with four spots on it and one with three. To
get the spots, put a ten-spot card in cold water and let it soak until
you can peel away the face of it. Dry it on clean blotting paper. Then
cut out the spots very neatly and paste them on two of the blank cards,
taking care to get the pips at the corners in the right positions.

The other method of preparing the cards (presuming that you do not wish
to invest in several packs) is to float off the backs of a couple of
cards, dry them, paste white paper on them and then stick pips on the
paper. The drawback to this method is that the paper will probably not
match the paper on the faces of the other cards in the pack.



  CHAPTER III

  THE HYDROSTATIC TUBE


This trick is one of the many masterpieces of Mr. David Devant, and I am
greatly indebted to him for his permission to include a full description
of it in this book and to give his method of working the trick.

It was Mr. Devant's custom to follow this trick with the "Wine and
Water," and he had an object in doing so, for the preparations for the
second trick assisted him in performing the first.

On a tray on the table were four tumblers, the second and fourth of
which (counting from the performer's left hand) were inverted. Behind
the glasses there was a large glass lamp chimney with a piece of paper
tucked into one end, and a finger bowl, with two spouts, filled with
water, and a long hat pin.

The effect of the trick--to the audience--was as follows. The performer,
having shown that the tube was not prepared in any way, closed one end
with a piece of paper (half the piece which had been tucked into the
tube at the commencement of the trick). He then filled the tube with
water and placed the other piece of paper on the top. He then removed
his hand from the lower piece and the water remained in the tube. He
explained that there was no trick about that, the pressure of the air
kept the paper in its place and so prevented the water from rushing out.

He then removed the paper from the lower end of the tube and still the
water remained inside it. Then he took the paper from the top of the
tube, and still the water remained in the tube. Having replaced the
papers he picked up the large hat pin and held the tube over the bowl.
He pierced the upper paper with the pin and held it there for a moment.
Directly he withdrew the pin with the paper impaled on it the water fell
out of the tube into the bowl, carrying the lower paper with it. The
performer then showed once more that the tube was free from preparation
by rattling the pin inside it, and he at once went on with the "Wine and
Water" trick, using the water in the finger-bowl for that trick.

And now for the explanation. Two small discs of glass which fitted over
the ends of the tube were required. The ends of the tube were ground
perfectly level and the glass discs were made with a "shoulder" (or sunk
edge), so that when once they were placed on the ends of the tube they
could not be moved laterally. The edges of these glass discs were also
ground perfectly flat and were made to fit exactly on the ends of the
tube.

One of the glass discs had a hole in the centre, and this hole was
filled up, just before the commencement of the trick, with a little
piece of moistened soap. If the soap were prepared too long beforehand
it would become crumbly and dry; it has to be soft and damp.

The other glass disc was not prepared in any way. Before the
commencement of the trick the disc with the hole in it was placed on the
top of the fourth tumbler--and therefore to the performer's right. The
other disc was laid on the top of the second tumbler in the row of four.

The piece of paper tucked into the glass chimney was half of a double
sheet of note-paper. (Tear a double sheet from side to side.)

And now for the actual performance.

Begin by taking up the glass chimney, removing the paper, picking up the
hat pin and rattling it inside the chimney--thus showing that it is not
prepared in any way for the trick.

Put the chimney down, pick up the paper and tear it in halves. (The
object of having half a double sheet is to enable the conjurer to tear
it easily; the crease is ready for him.) The action of tearing the paper
is proof that there is no trickery in the paper.

Place one piece of paper on the top of the fourth tumbler (and therefore
over the disc with the hole in it). Dip the other piece of paper into
the glass bowl, shake it a little, and lay it on the top of the second
tumbler. Take the piece from the fourth tumbler, wet it in the same
way, and replace it on the top of the fourth tumbler.

Thus both pieces of paper are now wet and are over the two glass discs.
Pick up the piece of paper on the second tumbler, secretly taking with
it the glass disc (which, of course, is under the paper) and place it on
the top of the tube, taking great care not to let the glass disc "talk"
against the top of the chimney; the audience must not hear the slightest
"chink" of glass knocking against glass.

Now turn the tube over, holding the disc and paper in place, with the
second, third and little fingers underneath the paper, which should be
moulded round the end of the chimney. Fill the chimney with water, and
see that it is really full. Put the bowl down and pick up the other
paper, secretly getting the disc under it, and place the disc with the
paper over it on the top of the chimney.

Mould the paper round the top of the chimney and turn the chimney over,
thus bringing the glass disc with the hole in it at the bottom of the
chimney. Press on the disc and then slightly relax the pressure; if it
is firmly in place you will feel that it is "sucking" and you can go on
to the first part of the mystery.

Take your hand away from the lower end and the paper will naturally
remain in position. Then, holding the tube by the middle with the right
hand, peel the paper away slowly from the bottom of the tube and put
the paper between the lips for a moment while you take the top paper
away. In doing this you make use of an excellent little piece of
showmanship; you pretend to be very nervous.

The tube is now held perfectly still for a second or two, and as the
audience know that it is full of water and cannot see that there is
anything either at the top or bottom of the tube, the effect is very
mysterious.

Put the paper which was on the top under the lower end, pressing it well
round that end, and take the other piece from the lips and mould it
firmly round the top. Then invert the chimney, thus bringing the disc
with the hole in it to the top again. Again press the papers well round
both ends of the chimney.

Remove the lower paper once more, and still the water remains in the
chimney. At this point in the trick Mr. Devant had an excellent line of
patter which I hope he will forgive me for giving away; it always
brought a round of laughter. "Supported entirely by voluntary
contributions."

Replace the paper on the lower end of the chimney, and pick up the hat
pin. Place the pin in the top paper; of course, the pin passes through
the little plug of soap in the glass disc. As you take the pin out again
the air naturally gets in and the water begins to fall. (It will be
understood, of course, that at this stage of the trick you hold the
chimney over the bowl.) Directly you feel the water is moving put the
pin back into its place; this is a very important "move."

The water rushes out, naturally taking the disc and paper at the lower
end with it. The pin is sticking through the top paper and therefore
through the top disc. Remove the pin, taking the disc and paper impaled
on it, and push the paper off into the bowl; while you do this you can
lift the first paper slightly out of the bowl, so that the top disc
sinks to the bottom on the top of the one already there. Then remove
both papers and hold up the bowl of water. All trace of the method you
employed for bringing about this very mysterious effect is now
concealed, for the glass discs cannot be seen at the bottom of the bowl.
You pick up the pin and once more rattle it in the glass chimney to show
that you have nothing inside it, and then you go on to the next trick.

I have heard conjurers say that if they get one good trick out of a book
they have received excellent value for their money. If that be true--and
I, for one, certainly think it is--then, thanks to Mr. Devant,
purchasers of this book have no cause for complaint, for I know of no
finer trick with water than "The Hydrostatic Tube."

One little helpful hint. When the conjurer is about to put the pin
through the top paper he may have a slight difficulty in finding the
exact place for it. A little stain on the plug of soap will help him to
find the right place at once.

The trick needs a steady hand, and the conjurer must not know the
meaning of "nerves," but if he will see that the discs fit the ends of
the glass chimney perfectly and will carry out these directions he need
have no fear of any mishap.



  CHAPTER IV

  THE PASSE-PASSE TRICK


This is a very old trick, but one which is seldom performed in its
original and proper form. After being out of fashion for a number of
years the trick has been recently revived, and there are now several
versions of the trick. To the best of my knowledge, however, all the
modern versions of the passe-passe trick omit one important detail--some
water or other liquid.

In the original version of the trick the performer comes forward with a
bottle and a glass--if these things are not already on the table. (As a
matter of fact, it is a good plan to have two small tables on either
side of the stage for the presentation of this trick.) Two cardboard
cylinders, one fitting inside the other, are also required, together
with a small tin funnel. The bottle may be of the champagne kind, or a
wine bottle, or a beer bottle; the latter is generally the most
convenient; a Bass's label on the bottle serves as a kind of guarantee
that the bottle is "genuine."

The performer pours water from the bottle into the glass; in fact, he
fills the glass with water. Finding that he has a little too much water
for his purpose he pours a little back into the bottle, using the
funnel to aid him in the task of getting the water into the bottle. He
then places the bottle on the table on his right and the glass on the
table on his left.

The next thing to do is to show the cardboard covers to the audience,
and in doing this some little amusement may be caused by pretending that
you have something concealed in one of the covers. Thus, you lead off by
nursing the smaller cover carefully under one arm and showing the larger
cover. When this is returned to you slip it over the smaller cover,
withdraw the smaller, and hand that out for examination. The audience
will at once jump to the conclusion that you have concealed something in
the larger cover and will demand to be allowed to "look at the other."
Then the argument begins.

"But you have already seen that one," you say.

"Ah," comes the quick reply, "but you've slipped something from the
other one into that since we saw it."

Take back the smaller cover, pass it through the larger one, and hand
that out for examination. The audience, being now convinced that there
is "some trick" in the covers, will demand to see both of them at once,
and with a show of reluctance you hand out both covers at once and the
audience laugh at themselves for being "had." Possibly, however, some of
the more knowing ones will still think that the covers "have something
to do with the trick"; if so, all the better for you, because in that
case those persons are on the wrong scent altogether.

Having received the covers again you can assure your audience that the
covers are made in that way to save space in packing--a remark that is
sure not to be believed--and you go on to demonstrate the real use of
the covers. One covers the glass, the other the bottle.

The trick is, of course, to make the glass of water and the bottle
change places. You pronounce the magical word, lift the covers, and show
that your command has been obeyed. Having done that it is as well to
raise the glass to let the audience see that there is water in it. Then
you cover the glass and the bottle again and cause them to return to
their original places, and once more you show that the two covers are
empty.

Unknown to the audience the conjurer uses two bottles for this trick and
two glasses. The bottles are made of tin and are painted black to
resemble dark glass bottles. Neither bottle is quite "ordinary." One of
them has no bottom to it, and is therefore a mere shell. The other has
the bottom fixed in about half-way down, leaving room for a small glass
to be hidden in the bottle under the bottom. Close up against the neck
of this bottle there is fixed a tiny tin tube which passes down the neck
and then through the centre of the bottom. Therefore, if you merely pour
water into the neck of the bottle it remains in the bottle, but if you
insert a funnel into the top of the little tube and pour water into the
funnel you are really pouring the water into the glass hidden under the
bottom of the bottle.

[Illustration:

_Hole in back of bottle_

_BOTTLE NO 2._

{special bottle with straw to glass inside,
and hole in side so finger can hold glass against edge of bottle}
_Finger thro' hole_

_FRONT._

_LIFTING BOTTLE AND GLASS._

Fig. 7]

Of course, both bottles must be exactly alike and the label on one must
match the label on the other; it is a good plan to have a little piece
"accidentally" torn off the label. At the outset of the trick a glass,
similar to the "visible" one, is placed in the small bottle (the one
holding the water); the shell bottle is placed over that bottle. To
enable the conjurer to pick up the bottles and glass together two small
holes are made in the backs of the bottles; the tip of the middle finger
passes through both holes and holds the glass against the interior of
the bottle. In order to prevent the glass from "talking" (making any
sound by knocking against the inside of the bottle) it is a good plan
to line the lower half of the bottle with cloth.

The working of the trick will now be clear. Hold the bottle in the right
hand and the glass in the left. Pour out the water and stand the bottle
down, taking care to keep the side with the hole away from the audience.
Then apparently pour some of the water back into the bottle, but by
using the funnel you pour it into the glass below. When you are
practising the trick you can find out by experiment just how much water
to pour back in this way, and if you make a little scratch on the glass
you will guard against the fatal mistake of pouring in too much (because
you cannot get it back again) or pouring too little. Obviously, the
water you pour into the bottle (really into the glass below) should be
equal in quantity to that which you leave in the glass.

Having settled this matter to your satisfaction place the glass on the
other table or, if you are performing with only one table, keep the
bottle and glass as far apart as possible; if they are close together
some members of your audience may be confused and forget on which side
is the bottle and which the glass.

Now comes the business of handing round the cardboard covers for
examination. When you get them back again take care to hold the larger
one in the right hand. While pattering to your audience you quietly pass
the larger cover over the bottle, raise it, and then put the smaller one
over the bottle. In raising the larger cover you should nip it slightly
and so get the shell bottle inside it.

A word of caution is here necessary. Do not forget that there is a hole
in the back of the bottle; when you place the cover containing the shell
bottle over the glass--which you do immediately after you have covered
the bottle with the smaller cover--you want to make sure that the hole
in the shell bottle is still at the back. Therefore, note carefully the
position of the hand when you raise the cover with the shell bottle
inside it, and when you place the cover over the glass see that your
hand assumes the same position. You will probably find it convenient to
stand behind the table and to keep your thumb at the back of the cover.

Now the bottle and the glass are covered, and all you have to do to
cause them to change places is to raise both covers; you grip the one on
the right rather tightly, thus raising the bottle inside it and
disclosing the glass, and you hold the other loosely, thus leaving the
bottle in view. Cover the glass and bottle again and to cause them to go
back to their original positions first pick up the one on your
left--gripping tightly to hold the shell bottle inside it; then walk
over to the other and raise it, showing the bottle.

This leaves you with the shell bottle inside the larger cover, and you
naturally have to get rid of it. Drop the cover over the bottle quickly
and then apparently attempt to put the other cover over it. It is
impossible to do this, of course, because the cover which held the
shell bottle is the larger of the two; therefore you raise the larger
cover again, leaving the shell bottle in its original position over the
other bottle. Then put the smaller cover inside the larger one, pick up
the bottle, taking care to hide the glass inside it, and place it behind
your screen or on a side table. Then take away the glass and you are
ready for the next trick.

A word as to the appearance of the bottles and the covers. These can be
bought at a conjuring shop and you will find that, as the Scotsman said
of various brands of whiskey, "Some are better than others." You want a
bottle which looks exactly like the real thing, and the only way of
making quite sure of getting it is to take an empty bottle with you when
you are buying the trick. Note the slope of the "shoulder" of the
bottle. The labelling you can do yourself.

As to the covers, take care that they fit properly and are not too
stiff. If the larger one is really a shade too small for the shell
bottle and is also too limp you will have difficulty in raising the
cover quickly and leaving the shell bottle on the table; the bottle will
get jammed in the cover and then--well--perhaps you had better tell the
audience that the trick has not happened yet, but you hope it will in
time! It is better to guard against such a catastrophe by having covers
of the right size; they must not be too large or too small.

Although the trick is quite an easy one it requires more than a little
practice. The most important move of all is that which enables you to
get the shell bottle into the larger cover. You will find that the knack
of putting the cover quickly over the bottle and then lifting it up as
quickly with the shell bottle inside it is not learned in a moment; at
any rate, you cannot learn to do that in a natural way in a moment. To
get the move quite right put the cover over the shell bottle and lift it
without the shell inside; keep to the same movement when you lift the
cover with the shell bottle inside it. To guard against the dropping of
the shell you can place your little finger under the cover.

I give a few suggestions for "patter."

"A trick with a bottle and a glass. All kinds of tricks are done with
bottles and glasses, but this is not one of those tricks; this is a
perfectly harmless trick. At the risk of disappointing the male members
of my audience I may say at once that this bottle contains water. I
mention that because I noticed that one or two men seemed rather anxious
to come on the stage and assist in this experiment. They don't look so
anxious now. (_This as you pour out the water._) Just ordinary plain
water, the stuff that farmers and gardeners always want when they
haven't got it, and always grumble about when they have. If you live in
a town you grumble because you have to pay for it, whether you use much
or little; some people don't run any risk of using too much. I'm afraid
there's a little too much there--better put some back; it will do
another time. (_Pour with funnel into bottle._) There, that's just
right; now we can begin. I put the glass over there and the bottle here.
There are two other things used in this experiment; you see, this trick
ought to be done in the dark because it's rather dangerous, but as we
cannot have all the lights put out I have to put the glass and the
bottle into these little dark rooms; perhaps you would like to have a
look at them. (_Then follows the business, already explained, of having
the two covers examined._)

"You will notice that both the covers fit over the bottle and,
therefore, over the glass, but as we have to cover both we put one on
the bottle and the other on the glass. If we were to put one on the
glass and the other over the bottle we could not do the trick.

"Now I want somebody to say the magic word, because it doesn't always
work if I say it. Will someone please start talking about the weather.
That's easy. If you just say the word 'weather' I daresay it will do.
(_Look inside one of the covers._) It must have heard me; you see, the
weather is so changeable--it always is; that's why the word is so useful
to conjurers, although I once knew a conjurer who used a shorter word
when his trick went wrong. I don't think this trick has gone wrong so
far because you see the bottle and glass have changed places. (_Lift
covers and show them._) The worst of our magic word is that it works
only once in a trick. You might keep on saying: 'weather, weather,
weather, weather, weather' all day to the trick, but nothing would
happen--unless, of course, a kind policeman, thinking that you were
temporarily insane, took care of you. No, if we want the rest of the
trick to happen we have to whistle to the bottle to come back. You know
that beautiful song--'Whistle, and I shall hear.' Well, the bottle
always hears. (_Whistles._) Here it comes and here it is, and very
possibly we shall find that the glass has returned to its original
position." (_Show it._)



  CHAPTER V

  THE RICE BOWLS


In presenting this trick the conjurer begins by showing two small bowls
on a tray. Into one of the bowls he places a little rice and covers it
with the other bowl. On lifting the uppermost bowl the conjurer shows
that the quantity of rice has increased; the lower bowl is now heaped up
with rice, some of which falls on to the tray.

Using the empty bowl as a kind of scoop the conjurer removes some of the
surplus rice, letting it fall on the tray. Thus one bowl is now filled
to the brim with rice and the other is empty.

Once more the conjurer places the empty bowl over the one containing the
rice, and once more he raises the empty bowl. All the rice has now
vanished, for it has been magically transformed into water, which the
conjurer pours from bowl to bowl.

Thus there are two entirely different effects in this trick. A small
quantity of rice placed in a bowl increases in a mysterious manner; the
rice is afterwards changed into water.

There are two entirely different methods for this trick. For one of them
two china bowls are required; for the other the bowls are of brass. I
used the latter method when I presented this trick at St. George's Hall,
and I prefer it to the other, especially if I am performing in a room.
However, the other method is the more popular of the two, and I will
explain that before giving away the secret of the other method.

First, let me give a rough idea of the secret of the first method, in
which two china bowls are required, because this method admits of one or
two variations, and, of course, it is useless to describe these until
the reader knows just "how it is done."

The edge of one of the bowls is ground perfectly flat. This bowl is then
filled nearly to the brim with water. A disc of thick celluloid of the
same size of the top of the bowl is also required. The disc should be
made with a "lip," so that when it is laid on the top of the bowl it
cannot easily be pushed off it.

To prepare for the trick dip a finger into the water and run it round
the edge of the bowl; dampen the "lip" of the celluloid disc in the same
way. Then put the disc on the top of the bowl and press it down evenly
all round the edge. If the disc fits properly it will then be possible
to turn the bowl upside down without spilling the water; the disc will
adhere to the bowl. It is always advisable to have a disc specially made
to fit the bowl; then you may be certain that, with a reasonable amount
of care, accidents will not happen. If the disc fits properly you can
throw the bowl into the air and catch it without any fear of the disc
coming away from the bowl.

After the disc has been properly fitted to the bowl wipe it thoroughly
dry and place it, upside down, on the tray on which a couple of wooden
matches have previously been placed; there is then no risk of the disc
adhering to the tray. The empty bowl is placed, upside down, over the
faked bowl, and with a bag of rice on the tray, you are ready to do the
trick.

Pick up the empty bowl and show it to the audience. Fill it about half
full with rice and stand it on the table. Place the faked bowl on the
top of it and, holding the hands round the bowls, get them exactly
"together"--an easy thing to do because the bowls are the same size.

Keeping the hands in the same position round the bowls pick up both
bowls together and reverse them, so that the faked bowl is now
underneath. Obviously, there must be some excuse for doing this; that
will be provided for in the "patter." The rice naturally falls on to the
top of the celluloid disc, and when the top bowl is lifted the rice
seems to have increased in quantity.

Hold the empty bowl in both hands and scoop off some of the rice,
letting it fall on to the tray. Repeat the operation, taking a little
more rice away. In taking still a little more rice away get a finger
nail under the edge of the disc, and in apparently scooping off a little
more rice lift the disc under the bowl and place it on the tray; as the
disc with the rice on it is placed over the loose rice which fell on the
tray in the first instance it is not noticed. The latter part of this
"move" must be done fairly quickly, especially if one is performing at
close quarters, and the empty bowl is at once placed on the top of the
other bowl which now contains only water. To show the final effect is,
therefore, an easy matter. The top bowl is lifted with the right hand,
the other with the left hand, and the water is poured from bowl to bowl.

[Illustration:

_Celluloid Fake._

_Bowl "double filled" with rice_

_Fake_

_Removing Fake with rice_

Fig. 8]

Now for the "variations" of the trick. The weak point of the trick is at
the beginning; only one bowl is shown to be empty. Is it not possible
that some of the very attentive members of your audience will notice
this fact and will say to themselves: "He showed us only one empty
bowl--wonder what's in the other?" Of course, people ought not to think
in this way, and some conjurers believe that they do not, but my
experience tells me that there are always some persons in every audience
who do not miss much when it comes to judging a trick and trying to find
out the method of the conjurer.

Theoretically, when the conjurer picks up the faked bowl and holds it
upside down he convinces the audience that the bowl is empty. How can
there be anything in a bowl which is held upside down? Still, I think
you will admit that if you can show the interiors of both bowls at the
beginning of the performance you make it a much "stronger" trick than if
you show only one bowl and let the state of the other be taken for
granted. Besides, being an enthusiastic magician you will naturally want
to make your performance as nearly perfect as possible, and therefore
you will want to begin this trick by showing "two empty bowls." How are
you to do it?

Obviously, one bowl has to be exchanged for the faked bowl, and that
means that the faked bowl has to be hidden at the beginning of the
trick. Here is a simple way of getting over that difficulty.

Have a fairly large bag of rice. Place the faked bowl near the back of
the tray and the bag of rice in front of it; the bag can be shaped round
the bowl. You will also need a "servante" at the back of your table;
this can be either a small shelf or, better still, a bag with the mouth
slightly stiffened with a strip of whalebone. The "servante" is hidden
from the audience by the tablecloth, which hangs down in front of the
table.

Proceed in this way. At the beginning of the trick stand on the
left-hand side of your table. Pick up a bowl in each hand, show the
bowls to the audience, put the one in the left hand on the table and
apparently put the other on the table behind the bag of rice; of course,
you really drop it into the bag or place it on the shelf at the back of
the table. Continue the movement of the arm until your right hand is
resting against the faked bowl which is hidden behind the bag of rice.
At the same moment pick up the bag of rice with the left hand. The
audience see two bowls on the table and naturally think that they are
the two bowls which you have just shown to them. One of the bowls has
not left their sight, and if you make the "change" skilfully no one will
suspect you of having made it.

If you use this method of exchanging one ordinary bowl for the faked
bowl you should have a very small tray and a very small table;
otherwise, you have no excuse for apparently putting one bowl behind the
bag of rice. Why should you not put it at the side of the bag if there
is room for it there? Inquisitive people ask themselves these questions
sometimes. If you have a very small tray you naturally have to put the
second bowl down on the only vacant spot on it--behind the bag of
rice--but at the same moment you lift the bag.

Directly you have picked up the bag of rice with the left hand you pass
it to the right, pick up the empty bowl with the left hand and pour some
rice into it. Take care to let the audience see that rice, and nothing
but rice, goes into the bowl. Then put the bag down, pick up the faked
bowl, and present the rest of the trick in the way described.

This method is perfectly safe if you are performing on a small platform
or stage, so that your table is raised, but it is not practical in a
small room with the audience close to the table. If you wish to do the
trick under those difficult conditions I suggest that you use very small
bowls and have a box of rice in place of the bag. The exact size of the
box will depend on the size of the bowls.

Dip both bowls (having first shown them to be empty) into the box and
scoop up as much rice as you can get into them. Pour the rice back into
the box. Do this two or three times, and while you are apparently doing
the same thing for the third time bury the bowl which you have been
holding in your right hand in the box of rice and bring up in its place
the faked bowl, which was hidden in the box before the commencement of
the trick. You must take care to remember the position of the faked bowl
in the box.

In exchanging one bowl for another in this way your hand must not pause
in its movement down into the box and up again. To make quite sure of
getting the movement right practise in front of a looking-glass. First,
dip the two bowls into the box of rice and scoop up the rice into both
bowls. Remember just how your hands moved when you did that. Now start
again, but this time exchange the bowl in your right hand for the faked
bowl.

[Illustration:

_PLAIN BOWL_

_Escape Hole_

_Air Hole_

_Water_

_Plaster_

_FAKED BOWL_

Fig. 9]

Now tilt the rice back into the box, and the audience should be
convinced that you have two empty bowls in your hands because both bowls
are now upside down. Put the faked bowl, upside down, on the table. Take
a little rice from the box with the right hand and let it fall into the
empty bowl; continue doing this until you have filled the bowl. Then
pick up the faked bowl and continue the trick in the way already
described. You will find it convenient to close the lid of the box and
to use the top of it as your table.

If brass bowls are used no celluloid disc is required, and it is not
necessary to exchange one bowl for another; the secret of the trick
lies in the preparation of one of the bowls, and yet, at the beginning
of the trick, both bowls can be held with their interiors facing the
audience. Thus, the second method is altogether different from the
first.

The shape of the two brass bowls is shown in the illustration. The faked
bowl has an inner lining fitted to it, with sufficient space between the
lining and the bowl itself to hold a considerable quantity of water. The
lining is of highly polished brass, like the rest of the bowl, and if it
is kept "on the move" it can safely be shown to the audience. People
think that the lining is really the interior of the bowl, and the fact
that they can see inside both bowls helps to convince them that the
bowls are unprepared.

It will be obvious that the interior of the faked bowl is really much
smaller than that of the "plain" bowl; if, therefore, the latter bowl is
filled with rice and the faked bowl placed on the top and both bowls are
turned over together the quantity of rice appears to have increased
because it overflows. (The edge of the faked bowl is made to fit into
the edge of the other bowl, and thus the task of inverting the bowls is
simplified; they cannot slide apart.)

Near the brim of the faked bowl there is a small air hole, and there is
another hole in the centre of the bottom of the bowl. To fill the space
between the inner lining and the bowl itself with water and to prevent
the water from falling out until you wish it to appear, proceed in this
way.

Place the bowl in water and let it remain there until no more air
bubbles rise to the surface. Move the bowl once or twice in the water to
make sure that the space is properly filled. Lift the bowl out of the
water by the brim, but just before you get the brim clear of the water
put a finger on the air hole there; then the water will not run out of
the air hole at the bottom of the bowl.

Keep the finger jammed down tightly on the air hole in the brim of the
bowl, wipe the outside of the bowl thoroughly dry and place a small
piece of adhesive rubber plaster over the air hole in the bottom of the
bowl. You can then turn the bowl upside down without any fear that the
water will escape through the air hole in the brim. Wipe the inside of
the bowl thoroughly dry and you are ready to start the trick.

Place the faked bowl, upside down, on the table and the other bowl over
it. (You will understand, of course, that the bowls should be in this
position on the table when you are about to present the trick.)

Pick up the plain bowl with the left hand and the faked bowl with the
right, and show the interiors of both bowls to the audience. Pour rice
into the plain bowl until it is nearly full, and put the faked bowl on
the top of it. Invert the two bowls together; when you separate them the
quantity of rice will have apparently increased, because the interior
of the faked bowl is really much smaller than that of the plain bowl.

[Illustration: _Extracting rice from faked bowl._

Fig. 10]

As there is no celluloid disc to get rid of there is no need to use the
empty bowl as a scoop with which to level the rice; in fact, it will be
inadvisable to use it. By using the bowl as a scoop one would merely
level the rice, whereas it is really necessary to get nearly all the
rice out of the faked bowl. Begin by levelling the rice with the left
hand while you hold the other bowl in front of it; just before you
replace the empty bowl bend the left fingers slightly and thus scoop out
as much of the rice as you can possibly get out in this way. You must
not let the audience see that you are really trying to empty the bowl,
and no harm is done if you leave a little rice in it.

Replace the empty bowl on the top of the faked bowl, and invert both
bowls together; just before putting them on the table remove with the
left thumbnail the piece of rubber plaster which has covered the air
hole in the bottom of the faked bowl. (If you are performing in a hall
with part of the audience in a gallery, so that they can look down on to
the top of the bowls, it is as well to disguise the little piece of
rubber plaster with a touch of gold paint.)

Directly the rubber plaster is removed the water will start to run out
into the bottom bowl, and here we come to one of the disadvantages of
this method. To my mind it is only a very trifling disadvantage, but I
know that some conjurers regard it almost as a serious defect. The water
runs out of the air hole slowly, and therefore it is necessary to
"patter" for about a minute while the water is dropping into the lower
bowl. (The exact time will depend on the size of the bowl.)

Some conjurers do not talk at all during their performance; therefore
this method of doing the trick does not appeal to them. Some conjurers
who do talk during their performances are chary of pattering for a whole
minute without doing anything; they think that to do this looks as
though they were "holding up" the trick. Until you have pattered for a
whole minute without doing anything you do not realise what a very long
time one minute can seem to be; you must remember that, to some members
of the audience, at any rate, you appear to be talking for no reason
whatever.

Well, I have presented this trick at St. George's Hall and at private
performances and, as I have said, I prefer this method to the one with
the china bowls. I admit, however, that a drawing-room conjurer may find
the preparation of the trick a little tiresome. I have known a conjurer
to prepare the faked bowl--fill it with water and seal it--before
setting out on his journey to give his performance, but I should not
care to risk doing that myself. If the air hole should get uncovered
there would be a tragedy! The question therefore arises--How are you to
prepare for the trick in a drawing-room?

The simplest plan is to take a small pail--about as large as a child's
seaside pail--with you. Remember, the bowl has to be placed in the
water. Carry your own pail in your bag, and then all you have to ask for
is a large jug of water. Now, to continue with the presentation of the
trick.

When the water has trickled through into the lower bowl pick up the top
one--the faked bowl--with the left hand, take the other bowl with the
right hand and pour some of the water into the faked bowl. There will be
more than enough water to fill this bowl, and so if you wish you can
pour some into a glass bowl on table. You will notice that in this form
of the trick both the rice and the water increase.

I give some suggestions for "patter" which, of course, can be shortened
considerably if the conjurer is using china bowls. Some "silent"
conjurers dash through the trick in about half a minute, but it is as
well to let your audience see what you are doing. If you are going to
use brass bowls you should rehearse the trick very carefully, so that
you may be able to fill in the time while the water is running from one
bowl to another.

"I will try and show you how to make a rice pudding--a new kind of rice
pudding. You cook it in two bowls, so as to give the rice room to swell.
Even then it isn't swell rice. Swell rice is the kind which is used at
weddings. A man doesn't mind how much of this (_pouring rice into bowl_)
he has thrown in his face on his wedding day, but he does object to cold
rice pudding more than five times a week after his wedding day. And he
often gets it! Believe me, he does. You will notice that by this method
of cooking (_lift the bowls, wave them in the air and finally invert
them_), the rice is cooked entirely by friction. No fire needed;
therefore no coal bill; therefore, the coal merchant goes broke. You see
what new methods lead to. I don't know if the rice is done yet; excuse
me for a moment while I listen to it. There is no sadder sight in this
world than an underdone rice pudding. Yes, I think it is done; anyhow
we'll chance it. (_Lift bowl, showing quantity of rice increased._) You
see, by this method your rice does not swell in the cooking; the more
you cook the more rice you get; there's far too much here. (_Level rice
off and replace bowl; if brass bowls are used invert them._)

"Perhaps I ought to have explained at the beginning that this method of
cooking rice is rather slow; if the rice is at all aged and tough it
may take hours and hours--or even longer--to cook itself in a proper
manner; of course, this rice is strictly proper--highly refined. It can
be used for puddings, cakes, poultices, dog-biscuits and bill-stickers'
paste; it can also be used for waterproofing boots, and it is invaluable
for invalids. I once induced an invalid friend of mine to try some of my
patent rice pudding. The invalid got better at once--afraid of having to
face a second dose. It's dangerous stuff--rice pudding. Many a happy
home has been nearly wrecked--all through a cold, heavy, stodgy,
underdone, beastly rice pudding. Ladies, let it be a warning to
you. . . . I beg your pardon--I've been talking so much that I've been
forgetting my own cooking. (_Lift bowl and pour water from one bowl to
the other._) I'm very sorry. Really I must apologise. All the rice has
been cooked away--perhaps it's as well, because nobody really likes rice
pudding."



  CHAPTER VI

  THE INDIAN SANDS


In its simplest form this trick consists in putting some silver sand
into a bowl of water and taking it out--perfectly dry. But the trick in
that form is hardly worth doing and certainly not worth the trouble
involved in its preparation.

An important additional effect is produced by using sands of three
colours--red, white, and blue. The white sand is not really white, but
the natural colour of the sand. In this case, not only does the conjurer
take out the sand perfectly dry, but he takes out the sand of the colour
named by the audience.

This is a trick which depends largely for its effect upon the
showmanship of the performer, for unless the audience are thoroughly
convinced that the bowl of water is what the conjurer says it is and
nothing more--an ordinary bowl nearly filled with ordinary water--and
unless the audience are further convinced of the fact that the sands of
different colours are poured into the bowl and are thoroughly stirred up
into the water they will not be properly surprised when the conjurer
comes to the climax of the trick.

Therefore, the conjurer should lead off by giving the bowl out for
examination. The bowl can be either of glass, metal, or china. The trick
is most effective, I think, when a glass bowl is used; it should be a
large flat bowl.

The different sands should be placed in bags, the red sand being in a
red bag, and so on.

If the conjurer uses a glass bowl he should have the water in a large
glass jug. He leads off by holding up the bowl for inspection; then he
gives it out for examination. If he is performing in a room he should
have a box or some kind of stand on the table, so that everyone can see
the bowl during the whole of the performance.

Having received the bowl back again the conjurer pours in the water, and
he should take note beforehand of the actual quantity required. If there
is too much water some of it may get splashed over the brim during the
performance of the trick, and if there is too little the trick is not
sufficiently effective; besides, with a little water the trick is more
difficult.

The conjurer then picks up the red bag and pours out the sand, a little
at a time, on to his other hand; he should take care to let the audience
see that he has nothing concealed in his hand at the beginning of the
trick, and in pouring out the sand he should work slowly so that the
audience see that he pours out nothing else but sand. While he is doing
this he should hold his hand over the bowl, because some of the sand
will drop off his hand into the water. There will naturally be quite a
little mound of sand on his hand when the bag is empty. He then tips the
sand into the bowl and stirs it slightly. The dye will colour the water.

He proceeds to empty the other two bags in the same way, taking great
care to let the audience see that the bags contain nothing but sand and
that he places nothing else in the water. At the end of these
proceedings the water will be thoroughly coloured.

The conjurer, having turned up his sleeves, dips his right hand into the
water, and stirs it up. Then, displaying his empty hand to the audience,
he dips it into the water and takes out a handful of the wet sands and
holds it up so that the audience can see it. He returns the "mud" to the
bowl and washes off any sand from his hands.

Once more he dips his hand into the bowl and takes it out closed.
Picking up a glass goblet with his other hand, he holds it under his
right hand from which dry red sand slowly trickles. When the hand is
empty he opens it, shows it to the audience, and puts the goblet down.
Then he washes his hands in the bowl, and repeats the performance with
the white sand and the blue, so that at the end of the trick the
audience can see the sands in the three goblets. At the conclusion of
the trick he can pour all the water with the sand "mud" into another
vessel and thus show once more that the bowl is not prepared in any way
for the trick.

This splendid effect is brought about by very simple means. Most
conjurers hold the opinion that the best tricks are simple; this one is
both simple and easy.

The principal secret consists in the preparation of small quantities of
the different sands. First of all a quantity of sand is dyed red and a
similar quantity is dyed blue, and both are left to dry. While they are
drying the conjurer can prepare the white sand.

[Illustration:

{bag of loose sand, with compressed sand of different colours in
different shapes}
Loose sand

Faked sand

_METHOD OF LOADING BAGS OF SAND WITH SAND BLOCKS._

_KEY SHAPES FOR FINDING COLOURS BY TOUCH._

Fig. 11]

Place a small quantity in an old frying-pan and put it over the fire
until it is thoroughly hot. Then drop in a small piece of tallow candle.
When the grease melts stir it well into the sand, so that every grain is
covered. Then take the sand off the fire and press it down into little
moulds.

As sands of three different colours are to be used in the trick it
follows that the prepared sands must be put in moulds of three
different shapes, because the conjurer merely has to feel in the water
for the particular blocks of sand that he requires at each dip. The
white sand can be put into little round, flat moulds, about as large as
four halfpennies stuck together. When these little round blocks of
prepared sand are cool they will be perfectly hard and waterproof.

The red sand can be placed in small square moulds and the blue sand in
oval or round moulds; the shapes are immaterial so long as the conjurer
remembers them.

The bags can be of paper. To prepare for the trick, turn one of the bags
upside down and push the bottom of it inwards. Then place two or three
of the blocks of sand of the right colour in the cavity at the bottom of
the bag. Then turn the bag over and fill it with ordinary sand of the
same colour.

Prepare the other two bags in the same way. In picking up each bag from
the table, when you are going to do the trick, begin by lifting it about
an inch from the table with the left hand; then grasp it round the
middle with the right hand and hold the little finger under the bottom
of the bag to prevent the blocks of sand from falling away. The paper of
which the bags are made should be fairly stiff.

When all the sand from one of the bags has been poured out on to the
hand--naturally a good deal of it will fall into the bowl--the conjurer
turns his hand over and lets the sand drop into the bowl; at the same
time he merely has to take his right little finger away from the bottom
of the bag and the blocks fall into the water. They drop behind the
falling sand, and being of the same colour they are not noticed by the
audience.

If the conjurer does not care for this method of getting the prepared
blocks into the water he can have larger bags and have the prepared
blocks in them with the sand. In that case he dips his hand into a bag,
takes out a handful of sand, and lets it trickle back into the bag. He
does this once or twice; then he takes out a handful of sand and lets it
fall into the water, taking care to let the audience see that he puts in
nothing but sand. He repeats the action. Then, in taking another handful
of sand, he gets two or three of the blocks with it, lets some of the
sand fall into the water, brings his hand down close to the water,
releases the "blocks," brings his hand up again and releases the rest of
the sand from it. He can continue in this way until the bag is empty.

If the performer is on a stage there is very little likelihood of the
audience seeing the blocks even if they are dropped from a height with
the sand, but in a room, with the audience close to the table, it is as
well to take every precaution against the discovery of the secret.

As for the rest of the trick, the effect is produced entirely by
showmanship. In the hands of a capable performer the trick will cause a
sensation, but if it is presented in a slipshod careless way, so that
the audience are not thoroughly convinced at each stage of the trick
that there has been "no deception," then the trick will go for nothing.
For example, if the conjurer neglects to take out a handful of the wet
sand and show it to the audience, he misses a point. Of course, all that
the conjurer really has to do is to feel in the bowl for the particular
blocks of sand he requires. It is as well to have one or two more blocks
than are actually necessary. When the conjurer has taken out a handful
of the blocks he requires he merely has to crush them in his hand and
they fall in a shower of dry sand.

A hint to the drawing-room performer. After the performance see that the
water is poured away at once; otherwise, if some of the younger and more
inquisitive members of your audience come round behind your screen at
the close of the performance they will be sure to want to know how this
trick was done, and if they get a glimpse of the water they may possibly
notice grease floating on the surface!

Various other methods have been invented for keeping certain portions of
sand dry when other sand of similar colour is placed in water. Some
conjurers have done the sand up in little packets of grease-proof paper.
I have also heard of tiny air balloons being filled with sand. The great
drawback of any of these other methods is that when the conjurer is
letting the dry sand trickle away from his hand into the goblet he
cannot immediately let the audience see that he has nothing concealed in
his hand. He has to go at once to the bowl for the next handful and
leave the "fake," whatever it may be, in the bottom of the bowl. By
using the method I have described the conjurer gets the most convincing
effect, and if he prepares a large quantity of the different blocks of
sand at the same time the trick is really not troublesome. The exact
quantity of tallow required must be determined by experiment; it will
depend, of course, on the amount of sand which is being prepared.

The object of using goblets for the display of the dry sands is to
enable the members of the audience in the front rows of seats to see the
sands. When one is performing to an audience composed chiefly of
children the first two or three rows of seats are usually occupied by
very small children, and from their positions they cannot see the top of
the table. Raise the object which you are going to place on the table
and you bring it within the view of everyone.



  CHAPTER VII

  THE DISSOLVED CARD


Every good trick has a clear, logical conclusion. Although the conjurer
is apparently reversing one of Nature's laws he must also be more or
less reasonable in his performance. For example, if he tears up a piece
of paper into little pieces and then causes these pieces to form
together into four strips equal in length when laid end to end, to the
original piece, the conjurer is not behaving in a reasonable manner; he
should cause the little pieces to join together into one strip and the
audience must be led to believe that that strip is the original piece of
paper and that in some mysterious manner the conjurer has joined the
pieces together. The conjurer who does that brings his trick to what may
be called a "logical conclusion."

I mention this matter here because it bears upon the trick which I am
about to explain. In its simplest--and crudest--form this trick consists
in causing a playing card placed into a jug of water to disappear; the
water is supposed to dissolve the card. I imagine, however, that no
intelligent audience would be satisfied with the trick in that form;
there is obviously something wanting, and that something is the magical
reappearance of the card.

There are dozens of ways in which the trick could be completed--that is
to say, in which the card could be caused to reappear--but it must be
remembered that the card has apparently been dissolved in water, and
that therefore to bring the trick to the "logical conclusion" which is
the attribute of all good tricks, the water in which the card has
apparently been dissolved should be used in some way to bring about the
reappearance of the card.

It seems to me that if we were to reproduce the card in a box, or case,
or frame which had previously been shown to be empty we should not have
a very convincing trick. It might be argued, of course, that if instead
of suggesting that the card is dissolved in water we suggest that it is
made to disappear from the water we may fairly be allowed to reproduce
the card in any way we please. To regard the trick in that way is to
destroy the plot of it and to substitute another plot. In the one case
the conjurer is suggesting to his audience that the card remains in the
water in a state of solution and in the other that the card has
disappeared altogether from the water. I think you get a much better
effect if you induce your audience to think that the water has dissolved
the card, and it is for that reason that I have given the title "The
Dissolved Card" to the trick.

I propose, therefore, that we should present the trick in this way. The
conjurer brings forward a pack of cards, shuffles the cards with their
faces towards the audience, and asks someone in the audience to take a
card and to place it on the top of the pack. A glass jug, nearly full of
water, is then held up for inspection, and, lastly, a large dark silk
handkerchief--or muffler--is casually shown. If one of those very trying
persons who are always anxious to discover a conjurer's secrets appears
anxious to examine the handkerchief the conjurer will do well to pretend
that he is in a tight corner for a moment, but, somewhat reluctantly, he
allows the interrupter to examine the handkerchief; as a matter of fact,
the conjurer is not at all perturbed, because there is no "trick" about
the handkerchief.

While the jug of water and the handkerchief are being exhibited the pack
of cards is on the table. The conjurer picks it up, removes the top card
and asks the person who took it to say if it is the card which was
chosen and placed on the top of the pack. The answer is sure to be,
"Yes."

The conjurer holds the card in his left hand with its face towards the
audience, and his thumb and lingers pointing upwards. (The position of
the hand is important for the working of the trick, and therefore the
reader will do well to remember it.)

The conjurer throws the silk handkerchief over the card and arranges it
neatly, so that the card is about in the centre of the handkerchief.
Bringing his right hand over the top of the handkerchief the conjurer
takes the card in that hand and holds it over the jug of water, while
with his left hand he drapes the handkerchief round the outside of the
jug, practically hiding it. Someone in the audience is asked to take the
card from the conjurer (holding it, of course, with the handkerchief
over it) and to drop it into the water at the word "Go!" When this is
done the handkerchief naturally drops down and covers the jug. The
conjurer picks up the jug with the left hand and whisking away the
handkerchief with the right hand shows that the water has dissolved the
card.

The conjurer then brings forward two slates, and in order to get them
thoroughly clean wipes them with a small sponge which he dips into the
jug of water. The slates are dried, placed together, wrapped in a sheet
of newspaper and given into the possession of a member of the audience.
The audience are led to believe that the name of the card is to be
written magically on the slates, but when the person holding them takes
off the paper he finds to his surprise that the card is between the
slates and, as a matter of fact, the card is the identical card that was
chosen in the first place.

This effect is brought about by means of a few subtle--but quite
easy--"moves" and the use of one little "fake." The jug of water is
standing on the conjurer's table; placed just behind it is the large
silk handkerchief folded in four, and behind the handkerchief is a
piece of transparent celluloid of the exact size of the cards which are
to be used; beside the piece of celluloid is the pack of cards.

Picking up the cards, the conjurer shuffles them with their faces
towards the audience, thus showing--without directly calling attention
to the fact--that the pack is an ordinary one. The conjurer advances to
someone with the request that a card may be chosen.

[Illustration:

{shows card in hand, then covered by handkerchief slips card into sleeve
with other hand}
_Celluloid_

_CARD AS SHOWN_

_Celluloid_

_CONCEALING CARD_

Fig. 12]

"Please take any card you like," says the conjurer. "Perhaps you would
like to take the pack in your hand and select a card at your leisure.
When you have made up your mind will you please put the card on the top
of the pack. . . . Have you done that? You'll know the card again when
you see it? Thank you. In order that everyone may remember the card I
will show it to the audience; there is no harm in my knowing what it
is."

The conjurer receives the pack back again, lifts off the top card, shows
it to the audience, returns it to the pack and then, turning the pack
over, drops it face upwards on the table so that it falls on the top of
the piece of celluloid. If the cards spread a little when they fall, so
much the better. The conjurer then exhibits the jug of water.

"A jug of water," he says. "If there were any trickery about this it
would be a transparent fraud, wouldn't it? But there is no trickery
about it; it's just the ordinary water that comes down from the clouds
and is charged for at the ordinary rates." (He puts the jug on the table
and picks up the handkerchief.) "A large silk handkerchief. Three
hundred silkworms had to work overtime for a fortnight to make the silk
for this handkerchief; it isn't one of those tiny little handkerchiefs."
(The conjurer shows both sides of the handkerchief and puts it down
again.) "And now I am going to see if you all have a good memory. Do you
remember what card was chosen and placed on the top of the pack? You do?
Well; let us see if you are right."

It will be remembered that the cards are face upwards on the table. The
conjurer picks up the pack with his right hand (including with it the
piece of celluloid), turns it over, and places it in his left hand;
directly it is there the right hand is brought over the pack to square
it up. The left thumb then pushes the piece of celluloid over the edge
of the pack for about half an inch--the right little finger preventing
it from going too far--and the left thumb then pushes the top card
forward in the same way. Thus the piece of celluloid is now directly
over the top card, and the two can be lifted off the pack together and
exhibited as one card. The conjurer shows the card to the audience on
his right and then places it in his left hand and shows it to the
audience on his left. Great care must be taken to nip the piece of
celluloid and the card closely together, and when the card is in the
left hand the thumb should be behind it, the fingers in front and the
tips of the thumb and fingers should point upwards.

The conjurer picks up the handkerchief with his right hand and throws it
over the card, at the same time saying:

"I cover the card with the handkerchief. I do this because it is so much
easier than covering the handkerchief with the card. I want to get the
centre of the handkerchief just over the card."

Directly the card is hidden by the handkerchief the conjurer pushes up
the piece of celluloid with his thumb, while with his fingers he slides
the card down a little way towards his wrist. In order to arrange the
handkerchief properly over the card the conjurer puts his right hand
under the handkerchief and lifts it into position, so that the centre is
over the card. While his right hand is under the handkerchief the
conjurer takes the card from the left hand and slips it for a moment
into the left sleeve, taking care to push it down, so that when his hand
is afterwards removed the card is hidden. The conjurer then brings his
right hand over the top of the handkerchief and, gripping the piece of
celluloid through the handkerchief, asks someone to hold it over the jug
of water; of course, that person naturally thinks that he is holding the
card, and the fact that the conjurer's hands are empty is proof that the
card must be under the handkerchief.

The next step in the trick is very simple. Having draped the
handkerchief round the jug and asked the person holding what he believes
to be the card to release "the card" at the word "Go!" the conjurer
merely has to take the handkerchief away and hold up the jug; the
celluloid sinks to the bottom and is therefore invisible. The assistant
is thanked and he returns to his seat.

The conjurer continues his patter:

"For a time the card is dissolved in that water, but if you would care
to wait a few hours you will see the water gradually evaporate, leaving
a kind of impression of the card stamped upon the jug. If you want the
trick done quickly you have to send a special message to the good fairy
who arranges these things. You would like the trick done quickly? Very
well, then I must write the message to the fairy on one of these slates
and ask for an immediate reply."

The conjurer picks up two ordinary slates and holds them in his left
hand. The palm of the hand should be facing the audience and the fingers
slightly bent. The ends of the two slates are rested on the fingers and
against the arm.

"When writing to fairies," says the conjurer, "you must always have a
clean slate." He dips a little sponge into the jug of water and sponges
over the slate which is facing the audience; the slate is turned over
and the other side is washed.

The conjurer now shifts the position of the slates. With his right hand
he grasps them near the ends which are resting on the left hand, and as
he does this he inserts the first and second fingers of his right hand
into his left sleeve and draws out the card, keeping it hidden behind
the slates. Directly he has done this the conjurer takes hold of the
slates with the left hand, holding them by their sides; his fingers keep
the card behind the slates. He should turn to his right when taking the
slates in the left hand. The next step is to slide out the under slate
by taking it with the right hand, while the left fingers keep the card
pressed against the slate which has been at the top. The slate which has
been taken away with the right hand is now placed on the top of the
other, both sides are cleaned, and the conjurer, taking a piece of
chalk, writes on the slate facing the audience:

"Please hurry up."

This slate is now drawn away with the right hand and placed under the
other, thus getting the card in between the two slates, which are then
wrapped in a sheet of paper and given to a member of the audience. The
conjurer picks up the jug of water for a moment and pretends to discover
suddenly that he has spoiled the experiment.

"I quite forgot," he says, "when I was cleaning the slates that I was
using some of this water. There's no telling what may happen now; you
may find little bits of the card all over the slates when they are dry.
Would you mind having a look at them?"

The person holding the slates unwraps them and finds the card in between
the two slates, and the conjurer finishes by suggesting that the fairy
has saved the situation.

The only "move" in the trick which is not quite easy is that which the
conjurer makes to get the card out of his sleeve and hidden behind the
slates. A very little practice, for preference in front of a
looking-glass, will enable the conjurer to get over this difficulty; he
should bear in mind that what he is apparently doing is to lift the
slates with the right hand and take them by the sides with the left
hand. If those movements are practised until the conjurer can make them
without having to stop to think about them he can then go on to practise
making the same movements while, at the same time, he gets the card out
of his sleeve and hides it behind the slates, keeping it there with the
fingers of his left hand. This is quite easy, but for the benefit of
beginners who may wish for a still more simple method of doing the
trick I suggest the following.

The card is "forced"; that is to say, the conjurer apparently allows the
person who is taking the card to have a free choice, but he really makes
sure that the person takes one particular card. An expert card conjurer
can "force" one particular card from an ordinary pack, but to do this is
not easy, and even an expert cannot be absolutely certain of forcing the
card which he wishes to use in a trick. Therefore, since the beginner is
out to make the trick as simple and sure as possible he should use a
"forcing pack," which consists of one card repeated, say, forty times; a
few other indifferent cards are placed on the top and below the forty.
The conjurer who is going to use a "forcing pack" should do some other
card trick with an ordinary pack and then exchange it for the "forcing
pack"; of course, the backs of the two packs must match. The conjurer
must also take care to hold the cards down when he is having one
selected, so that no one may get a glimpse under the cards.

The card is taken and placed on the top of the pack as in the first
method, and the card is got rid of by being pushed down the left sleeve,
but the procedure afterwards is greatly simplified.

One of the two slates used is a "flap" slate; that is to say, a loose
piece of cardboard painted to resemble a slate is laid inside it. The
cardboard is painted on both sides, and, therefore, when the ordinary
slate is placed on the top of the flap slate and both are turned over
together the "flap" falls into the ordinary slate.

The working of this part of the trick will now be obvious. A card
similar to the one which has been forced is placed under the flap of one
of the slates. When the conjurer picks up this slate he must be careful
to hold the flap firmly with his thumb to prevent it from falling away.
He lightly sponges both sides of the slate (in reality one side of the
flap and one side of the slate); he then cleans the ordinary slate in
the same way and places it on the top of the flap. He cannot give the
slates to a member of the audience to hold, and, therefore, after he has
turned them over, to get the flap to fall, the conjurer merely places a
broad elastic band on them and stands them up for a moment against a
candlestick or some piece of apparatus on the table after he has written
the message to the fairy.

By using a flap slate in this way the conjurer can produce a message on
one of the slates in addition to producing the card. The message is
written on one of the slates and is then covered with the flap; when the
flap falls the message and the card are both disclosed. Since the
conjurer apparently cleans all four sides of the two slates and leaves
them slightly damp he ought really to dampen the underside of the flap
and the side of the slate concealed by the flap before he begins the
trick; otherwise, someone with a very alert mind may point out at the
conclusion of the trick that although the conjurer wiped all four sides
of the slates with a damp sponge, two of them (really the underside of
the flap and the side of the slate which was concealed by the flap in
the first instance) are not quite dry. It is always as well to be
prepared for interruptions of that kind.



  CHAPTER VIII

  MISCELLANEOUS WATER TRICKS


The average beginner usually despises a very easy trick, simply because
it is easy. Maybe it is for that reason that one seldom hears of a young
amateur including the "Wine and Water" trick in his repertoire. I once
heard a young amateur state his objection to the trick.

"Oh, it's so obviously just a chemical experiment," he said.

He was wrong. If the trick is presented properly it will not be "just a
chemical experiment" but a very entertaining little bit of magic--simple
in its effect, and very short. The trick used to be in the repertoire of
Mr. David Devant, and other notable magicians have performed it in
public.

There are many ways of presenting the trick, but I do not think that
anyone has ever beaten Mr. Devant's method, which I give now with his
permission. The effect is so clear that the youngest child in the
audience can follow it.

Standing in a row on a tray on the table are four tumblers and a small
glass jug, with water in it. The conjurer picks up the jug in one hand,
a glass in another, pours out a little water and returns it to the jug.
Then he puts the glass down and pours a little water into each glass;
the glasses should be about half full. The audience are--or should
be--surprised to see that although the liquid in the first and third
glasses is undoubtedly water, the second and fourth glasses contain
wine, or ink, or stout, or whatever the conjurer is pleased to call it;
it is a black fluid.

The conjurer puts the jug down and, taking up the first and second
glasses, mixes the contents together, with the result that he gets one
glass full of "wine"; he pours this into the jug and all the water in
the jug is immediately turned into wine. The conjurer then mixes the
contents of the third and fourth glasses together, and he gets a glass
of clear water. Pouring this into the jug he causes all the "wine" in it
to change at once into clear water. Thus, at the finish of the trick the
conjurer returns to the point at which he started--with a jug of water
and four empty glasses.

The whole secret is in the "doctoring" of the four glasses. The
preparations must be made carefully, and when presenting it in a strange
place it is always necessary to try it out beforehand, because the
quantities of the chemicals used which are sufficient to work the trick
in one district may be quite wrong for the water of another district.

The glasses are prepared in this way. The first contains a teaspoonful
of a saturated solution of tannin; the second and fourth glasses contain
a few drops of a saturated solution of perchloride of iron, known to
some chemists as "steel drops"; the third glass contains a few drops of
a saturated solution of oxalic acid.

The object of pouring water into the first glass and tipping it back
into the jug is to mix the tannin with the water in the jug. Directly he
has done this the conjurer must be brisk in his movements, because after
the tannin has been put in the water soon becomes slightly cloudy.

The exact quantities of the chemicals required can only be determined by
experiment. Having settled that matter the conjurer has only to carry
out the instructions already given. The second and fourth glasses will
then have "wine" in them, and the first and third water. The contents of
the first and second mixed together will be "wine," and when poured into
the jug will cause the water left in the jug to change into "wine." The
oxalic acid in the third glass does the trick of taking all the colour
out of the contents of the fourth glass, and when he has poured that
into the jug the conjurer finishes, as he began, with a "jug of water."

The jug should be taken away at once, because the water will probably
become dull and clouded in the course of a few minutes. The "water," by
the way, is poisonous; to avoid any chance of an accident the conjurer
should pour it away at once, and should also see that the glasses and
jug are well washed.

If fairly large tumblers are used the steel drops can be "rinsed" round
the two tumblers (the second and fourth) just before the performance
begins, and those tumblers can then be placed upside down on a tray;
this position negatives the idea that there is anything in the tumblers
at the beginning of the trick.


  The Vanishing Glass of Water

To cause a glass of water to vanish is hardly a complete trick, but it
may well form part of many magical experiments. Thus, if you are
presenting the "Rice Bowls" (see Chapter V) you can proceed with the
trick up to the point when the rice has been secretly removed and the
water is in readiness for the final effect. Leave the bowls as they are,
one inverted on the other, and show a silk hat to the audience, letting
them see inside it.

Now pick up a jug of water with your right hand and throw a large
handkerchief over your right arm. With the left hand take a tumbler from
the table, pour some water into it, and take it with the disengaged
fingers of the right hand, so that with your left hand you can take the
handkerchief from your right arm and throw it over the glass.

Directly you have done this, hold the glass, through the handkerchief,
with the left hand and put the jug down on the table. The right hand
drapes the handkerchief round the glass. Pause for a second, and then
flick the handkerchief into the air. The glass of water has vanished.

Go to the silk hat and take from it a glass full of rice. The glass is
apparently that which has just vanished and the rice is that which the
audience think is in the lower bowl. Then go to the bowls and "discover"
the missing water.

[Illustration:

{jug in one hand with glass of water in the other, then place jug on
table and drop glass, while covered with handkerchief, into jug}
_FIRST POSITION_

_Cloth or rubber bag_

_THE VANISH_

Fig. 13]

The disappearance of the glass of water is managed in this way. The
handkerchief is really made of two handkerchiefs sewn together; sewn
between them, in the centre, is a round piece of cardboard of the size
of the top of the glass. When you throw the handkerchief over the glass
you get the disc of cardboard exactly over the top of the glass. Take
the glass in the left hand and tap it once against the top of the
jug--just to let the audience be convinced that it is there. Then, as
you take it away, drop it into the jug, which has been provided with a
cloth or india-rubber bag for its reception. The bag is stiffened at the
top. Of course, the cardboard disc conveys the impression that the glass
is still under the handkerchief. The jug must be either a china or a
metal one.

If you wish to use the vanish of the glass of water in the way I have
suggested--in conjunction with the rice bowls--it will be necessary to
have an opera hat with a hinged flap in the centre. Cut a piece of stiff
cardboard of the size of the crown of the hat. To the centre of this
fasten, by means of strips of black linen, a small, semicircular piece
of cardboard, which will thus be hinged to the other piece. Cover the
whole of this "fake" with black silk and put it into the open hat. The
top of the hinged flap should be about half-way down the hat when the
flap is resting against one side of the hat. It is an easy matter to
hide a glass under the flap, and that glass is nearly filled with rice,
which is prevented from coming out by means of a little plug of paper.
By holding the fingers against the flap and the thumb on the brim of the
hat it is an easy matter to prevent the glass from falling out when you
casually hold the hat up for inspection by the audience. Keep the hat
moving, and the audience will not see the flap. Put the hat down,
letting the flap swing over to the other side of the hat. Then, when you
wish to produce the glass of rice all you have to do is to pull out the
plug of paper, leave it in the hat, and take out the glass. Pour the
rice out on to a tray and then produce the water from the bowl, and
pour it backwards and forwards from one bowl to another.

If you are using the metal bowls this vanish of the glass of water helps
to fill in the time occupied by the water running from the top bowl to
the one underneath it.


  The Vanishing Water

Pour some water into a tumbler until it is about half full. Place a
short cardboard cylinder over the glass; when you lift the cylinder the
glass is empty, and the cylinder is held with one end facing the
audience; there is nothing inside it.

This is a very simple "vanish." The glass has a detachable lining of
transparent celluloid which will hold water. The presence of the lining
in the glass is not noticed. All that the conjurer has to do is to take
care not to put too much water into the "glass," because if he does he
may find a difficulty in lifting the lining out in the only way in which
it can be lifted out. The cover is placed over the glass. In removing
the cover the conjurer holds it with his thumb outside and his middle
finger, which should be moistened, inside. Two fingers pull up the
celluloid lining and hold it tightly against the cover, which, of
course, hides it for a moment while the conjurer picks up the glass and
shows that the water has vanished. While he does this he puts the cover
down on his table for a moment and lets the celluloid lining sink
gently down into a "well" in the table. A "well" is the conjurer's name
for a hole in the top of the table. The top of the table is covered with
black velvet, and the inside of the hole is lined with the same
material. If there is a pattern of gold braid on the top of the
table--though even this is not necessary if one is performing on a
stage--the hole cannot be seen by the audience, even if they are a few
feet away from the table.

[Illustration:

_GLASS WITH CELLULOID LINING_

_REMOVING LINING FROM GLASS._

Fig. 14]

The action of putting the cover down in a natural way, and not gingerly,
as though the conjurer was afraid of something inside it, must be
practised and, of course, the cover must be raised again at the earliest
possible moment and shown to be empty.

The mere vanishing of water in this way is not a complete trick in
itself; it should be combined with other tricks. The milk can,
explained later on in this chapter, will serve for the purpose of the
reproduction of the water, and if the conjurer will provide himself with
an extra celluloid lining, load it with three or four handkerchiefs and
place it behind a hat or some piece of apparatus on the table, he can
easily build up a little trick.

Having shown the milk can to be empty, he fills the glass, covers it,
and leaves it covered for a few moments while he shows some silk
handkerchiefs similar to those in the "fake." He "vanishes" these
handkerchiefs magically and shows his hands empty, or, if he prefers to
do so, he can have another prepared glass similar to the first and put
the handkerchiefs in that, so that he has a glass containing
handkerchiefs on one side of his table and a glass containing water on
the other, and the milk can in the centre. He lifts the cover from the
handkerchiefs and shows that they have disappeared; of course, the
"vanish" is managed in the same way, the celluloid lining of the glass
containing the handkerchiefs going down another "well" in the table.

Then the conjurer vanishes the water in the way described and having got
rid of the "fake," lifts the cover to show that it is empty and puts it
down over a similar fake (but containing handkerchiefs similar to those
which have been vanished). This fake can be standing behind an opera hat
on the table, and the conjurer should take away the hat as he puts the
cover down over the fake. He must not convey the impression that he is
trying to hide the cover behind the hat. He then replaces the cover over
the empty tumbler.

The position of things at this stage of the trick should be clear to the
audience. The milk can was shown to be empty; the conjurer has caused
some handkerchiefs and some water to vanish from two tumblers, one of
which is left uncovered. Going to the uncovered one the conjurer lifts
the cover and shows the handkerchiefs, and he can at once pour the water
from the milk can.

I do not suggest for a moment that that would be a particularly good
trick to do; I merely describe it in order to start you thinking of some
other article which might be added to the water and the handkerchiefs to
make a still more puzzling trick. A glance through any catalogue of
tricks will surely enable you to concoct a very fair trick on these
lines.


  The Aquarius Tube

Now, here is a trick of a different kind, one which is quite complete in
itself. The inventor is unknown to me and I have not been able to
discover his name. In common with some other conjurers I have always
been under the impression that Mr. Claude Chandler invented this trick,
but he tells me that he is not the inventor and he does not know by whom
the trick was originated.

The effect is quite simple and not difficult to obtain. The conjurer
comes forward with a small piece of brown paper in his left hand. He
shows both sides of it, rolls it into a tube and pours water into the
tube. To the surprise of the audience the water remains in the tube. The
conjurer puts two fingers into the lower end of the tube and draws out a
quantity of coloured paper ribbons, perfectly dry; when all the ribbons
are on the table there is quite a little mound of them. The conjurer
afterwards unrolls the paper and throws it on one side, showing that it
is not prepared in any way for the trick.

That is the trick known as the Aquarius tube, but most conjurers would
naturally wish to extend it by producing flags from the paper ribbons,
and this would not be a difficult matter.

In order to do this trick a small metal tube, closed at both ends, with
a hole in one end is required. The tube is about the height of a pony
glass, with a slightly smaller diameter. When the trick was first
invented the tube was made in the form of an "unspillable" ink-well.
(See illustration A.) Thus, when the water was poured in (in a way which
I will describe presently) there was no risk that the water would run
out even if the tube was inverted. The tube in that form was "safe," but
a little too safe, because of the difficulty of emptying it after a
performance; it had to be shaken vigorously to clear it of water.

Mr. Harry Leat, therefore, improved the tube. (See illustration B.) It
will be seen that in the improved tube there is a short length of a very
small tube attached to the hole in the top of the tube, and in order to
facilitate the task of emptying the tube there is a hole at the other
end; this hole is closed during the performance of the trick by an
india-rubber plug. It will be noticed that in both tubes the base is not
flush with the lower edge, but is fastened about half an inch from the
edge. Thus, there is space at the bottom of the tube for a small coil of
paper ribbons. (The rubber plug comes in the centre of the coil.)

[Illustration:

_Sections of Water Fakes_

_Type B_

_Paper coil_

_Type A_

_External appearance_

Fig. 15]

If a small quantity of water is poured into this tube it can be inverted
without any fear of the water running out, but, of course, if too much
water is used and the tube is turned upside down a small quantity of
water is bound to escape. For myself, I see no object in turning the
tube upside down. After the conjurer has made a tube of paper and has
poured water into it and has shown that the water does not run out from
the other end, I do not see that he gains anything by turning the tube
upside down. (It will be understood, of course, that the metal tube is
secretly introduced into the paper tube. I am coming to that.)

Having poured the water into the tube the conjurer makes one or two
mystic passes over it and then pulls out the paper ribbons; directly
these have been well started they will uncoil and fall from the tube in
a heap on the table.

How does the conjurer manage to get rid of the "fake" containing the
water? By camouflage. The "fake" tube is painted to match the ribbons.
When the ribbons have been produced the conjurer holds up a handful near
the end of the tube and calls attention to their colours. He then lets
the tube slide down out of the paper tube behind the ribbons and puts
the lot on the table again. The "fake," being the same colour as the
ribbons, is not noticed. If the conjurer has two or three handkerchiefs
on the table to act as a pad he can let the tube fall down on the table,
but he must bring the end of the paper tube as near to the table as
possible when the metal "fake" is to fall, otherwise there will be an
audible "thud."

The "fake" is introduced into the paper tube in a very simple manner.
The piece of brown paper should be about fifteen inches square. The
conjurer holds this in his left hand with his fingers behind the paper
and thumb in front of it. Unknown to the audience the conjurer is
holding the "fake" behind the paper. In order to show both sides of the
paper the conjurer brings up the free end with his right hand until it
reaches the left thumb, which then takes it. At the same time he
releases the end which he has been holding with his left thumb and that
end naturally falls down. The audience have seen both sides of the
paper, but the "fake" is still behind the paper in the left hand. This
"move" is quite a natural one, and is very easy; if the conjurer will
try it in front of a mirror he will see that it is also deceptive.

The conjurer, using both hands, now rolls the paper round the tube and
finally holds the tube near the lower end in his left hand; it is as
well to extend the little finger under the paper tube to prevent the
"fake" from falling.

The water should be poured into the paper tube in a thin stream. The
quantity of water required must be ascertained by experiment. The
conjurer then makes a few mystic passes below and over the tube with his
right hand, puts two fingers into the lower end of the tube and starts
the ribbons; they will fall at once into a heap on the table. I should
mention that before loading the "fake" with the coil the outer ribbon on
the coil should be torn; if it is not the end of the falling ribbons
will be a ring of paper, which will look suspicious. The centre end of
the coil should also be pulled out half an inch, so that the conjurer
does not have to fumble to get hold of it.

If the conjurer wishes to produce flags at the end of the experiment he
can have them in a bundle in a "well" in the table, and then all he has
to do is to pick up some of the ribbons with his left hand, at the same
time getting his thumb into a wire loop round the bundle. Then he breaks
the thread tied round the bundle and carries on to the end of the trick.


  Links

In this trick the conjurer fills a tumbler or goblet with water and
drops in a number of links from a chain. (A small brass curtain chain
which has been pulled to pieces answers well for the trick.) The
conjurer "fishes" into the tumbler with a long buttonhook and gets hold
of one of the links; all the others come with it, because the links are
joined together.

Here we make use of what is known as a "mirror" glass. A thick cut-glass
tumbler is divided in the centre by two pieces of looking-glass cemented
together. The glass is held in the left hand with one side of the mirror
facing the audience; hidden in the compartment behind the mirror is a
short length of chain. Having filled the glass with water the conjurer
puts it down on the table for a moment while he draws attention to the
separate links. He picks up the mirror-glass with his left hand and
drops in all the separate links into the front compartment of the
glass. (The water helps to disguise the presence of the mirror in the
glass.) Then the conjurer brings his right hand over to the glass, takes
it in that hand and immediately brings his hand right round to his
right. Thus he has turned the glass round without having apparently done
anything out of the ordinary; the audience see what they believe to be
the separate links in the glass. The conjurer then takes the glass with
his left hand, the fingers, being in front of the glass, help to hide
the mirror. Then--well, the rest is easy! Directly the chain has been
taken out the conjurer should put the glass down behind some piece of
apparatus on the table; the audience cannot be permitted to gaze at it
for any length of time.

[Illustration:

{glass of water, with mirror in centre and chain on one side,
then drop in separate links on other side, but pull out chain}
_FRONT_

_Mirror_

_Chain_                _FRONT_

_LINKS DROPPED IN_     _CHAIN PRODUCED_

Fig. 16]


  The Milk Cans

You have seen the toy milk cans in a shop? By having two of these
"faked" in the way shown in the illustrations you can compose two or
three little tricks. I have already explained a trick in which one of
the cans can be used.

[Illustration:

{special can with angled partition so that when water is poured in it
won't come out unless turned around}
_Partition_

_SECTION OF CANS_

_EMPTY_

_WATER_

Fig. 17]

It will be seen that if water is placed in one of the cans and the can
is held with the faked side downwards the can can be shown to be empty,
because the water will not run out, but if the can is held with the
faked side uppermost the water can be poured out. Of course, the
audience cannot be permitted to have a very close view of the interiors
of the cans.

Here is one way of using two of these cans in a trick. Have one loaded
with water and the other empty. Show the audience that both are empty
and put them down on the opposite sides of your table. Pour water into
the can which really is empty and command it to pass to the other can.
You can then make the water travel invisibly back to the first can.

In the course of your "patter" you will probably not miss the chance of
talking about the milk cans and the other liquid which is sometimes
supposed to be put into milk--an old joke, but one which audiences
almost seem to expect.


  Water from Waste Paper

For this trick you require two large aluminium drinking cups just alike.
One of them is filled with water and is then closed with an india-rubber
cap (procurable at any conjuring shop). Gummed on to this cap are little
bits of newspaper. The cup is then hidden in a box of pieces of
newspaper.

Come forward with the empty cup in your hands and fill it with the paper
by dipping it into the box. Add a handful of paper with the left hand
and then tip the lot back into the box. Repeat the movements. At the
third attempt leave the empty cup hidden in the box of waste paper and
get hold of the cup filled with water. Add a little more paper to the
top of this cup with the left hand and then remove one or two pieces;
this helps to convince the audience that the cup is really filled with
loose bits of paper. Close the lid of the box and stand the cup on it.
Cover the cup with a small thick silk handkerchief.

In removing the handkerchief you can easily "nip off" the rubber cover
with the thumb, and you leave it hidden in the handkerchief while you
pour the water out of the cup.

By having two boxes--or one larger one--the trick can be repeated, but
it would not be advisable to produce water from both cups. Let the
second production be a surprise. If you are performing to children you
can have no better production than sweets, which, of course, you give
away.

This trick is also performed with specially prepared cups with lids. The
cups in the boxes are closed with other lids (flush with the top), and
thus when they are brought up out of the boxes some loose paper is on
the top of each of the secret lids and the cups appear to be full of
paper. The "visible" lid is then put on to each cup, and when these lids
are removed they bring away with them the secret lids and the little
paper which was on the top of them. Then the real contents of the cups
are produced.


  Cotton Wool to Water

For this trick I use an old piece of apparatus known to conjurers as the
"coffee vase," and I mention it here because my method of using it
differs from that usually employed.

The vase is a tall, straight one on a foot; it is usually made of
polished tin. There is a separate metal lining to this vase; this lining
is of the shape shown in the illustration. It will be seen that the
bottom of the lining does not come down to the bottom of the vase, and
that the outside part of the lining goes over the outside of the vase
and extends to the whole length of the vase. Therefore, it is impossible
to tell, from looking at the outside of the vase, whether the lining is
inside or whether the vase is what you say it is--an empty vase.

[Illustration:

_COVER_

_VASE_

_FAKE_

Fig. 18]

There is also a cardboard cover which fits over the vase, a little metal
cup, acting as a lid, which fits loosely into the top of the lining, and
a lid with a knob for a handle which fits closely into this secret cup
or lid. The secret lid has a little cotton wool placed on it.

This is the usual way of working the trick. The lining, with its
"secret" lid on the top of it, is placed inside the cover and stood
upon the table. The conjurer shows the vase, and as at the moment it is
free from preparation he can rattle his wand inside it and show that it
is really empty. He then fills it with cotton wool, taking care to put
in the wool in little pieces and not pressing it down. He then
"explains"--and I ask you to remember that this is not my way of
presenting the trick--that the original way of doing the trick was by
covering the vase with a cardboard cylinder. He puts on the cover and so
gets the lining into the vase. The lining, of course, has been
previously filled with coffee, or milk, or water, or some other liquid;
the bottom of the lining presses down the cotton wool in the vase into a
very small compass.

Now, when the conjurer removes the cover the audience see the pieces of
cotton wool at the top of the secret lid on the lining, and apparently
no change has been made. The conjurer goes on to explain that the modern
method of doing the trick consists in merely putting "this little lid"
on the cotton wool. (Cotton wool, is easily compressible, and there is
sufficient space between the bottom of the lining and the bottom of the
vase for all the cotton wool which was placed loosely in the vase.)
Naturally, when the conjurer takes off the lid he brings away inside it
the secret lid and the little pieces of cotton wool which were on that
lid, and he can pour out any liquid which was in the "lining" to the
vase.

Every trick has its weak point, and it seems to me that the weak point
of that version of the trick is found by the audience when they realise
that they are not permitted to see that the cover is empty before it is
placed over the vase. I admit that the appearance of the vase is not
altered in any way after the cover has been removed. The exterior is
just the same and the audience see the little pile of cotton wool at the
top. Still, I have never liked that method.

I dispense with the secret lid or cup to the lining and, therefore, with
the "visible" lid to it. At the commencement of the trick I have the
inner lining, nearly filled with water, in the vase, and the cover
empty. I begin by showing that the cover really is empty, and to show
that it fits over the vase I drop it over the vase and lift it off
again. I replace the cover and then, as a kind of afterthought, say: "I
never showed you the vase; of course, there is nothing in that." This
time, when taking off the cover I take off the inner lining by pinching
the cover tightly and leave it for a moment hidden in the cover. Then I
fill the vase with cotton wool and put on the cover. The audience have
seen the cover empty and they have seen the empty vase filled with
cotton wool. Of course, when I take off the cover I can at once pour out
the water.

It is advisable to have the cover made of tin. When you are putting a
cardboard cover with the metal lining inside it over the vase it is not
an easy matter to prevent the lining from knocking against the top of
the vase, and if you are performing at close quarters the audience may
hear the "chink" of metal against metal. You get over that difficulty by
having the cover made of tin.

If you want to raise a laugh easily at the close of this trick you can
pretend to overhear someone say that the water is not real water. You at
once pour some into a cup and throw it--apparently--over the heads of
the audience, but instead of a shower of water they get a shower of
confetti.

[Illustration: _Partition_

{special cup with partition, holding confetti on one side. water is
poured in other side but drains through hole into hollow saucer}
_Confetti_

_Hole in cup_

_Water_

_Hole in Saucer_

_Hollow Saucer_

Fig. 19]

This is managed by means of a "confetti cup," which is a metal teacup on
a saucer. The cup is divided by a partition in the centre and the front
compartment is filled with confetti. There is a hole in the bottom of
the other compartment and it is there that you pour the water. Where
does the water go to? Into the saucer, which is somewhat suspiciously
thick. There is a hole in the centre of the saucer and the hole in the
bottom of the cup goes exactly over the hole in the saucer. Thus, when
the water is poured into the cup it finds its way directly into the
saucer and the cup can at once be lifted up. The trick is more suitable
for a stage than for a drawing-room; even a little confetti makes a big
litter in a room. Still, some good-natured hostesses, if asked if they
would have any objection to a litter of confetti in a room, would be
sure to reply: "Not the slightest, do what you like as long as you amuse
the children."


  Silk from Water

Most conjurers like to conclude a performance with a showy trick, one in
which they can produce a quantity of ribbons and flags, finishing up
with the production of a Union Jack--the bigger the better.

[Illustration:

{two cylinders, each with water in one portion and hidden flags in other}
_Hinged Flap_             _Rubber Cover_

_WATER_    _FLAGS ETC_    _FLAGS ETC_    _WATER_

_TYPE A._                 _TYPE B._

Fig. 20]

Here is a trick of that kind. The conjurer begins by showing a large
metal cylinder closed at one end. He rattles his wand inside it and
then holds it with its end facing the audience. But he does not hold it
perfectly still. If he is performing in a room with the front rows of
his audience close to him the utmost he can do--in the way of showing
the interior of the cylinder--is to point it to the audience on his
right and then bring it round with a quick sweep to the audience on his
left. It is as well to have an assistant for this trick, but the
assistant must be "in the know"--the conjurer's very own assistant,
because he--or, better still, she--is asked to hold the cylinder with
both hands while the conjurer fills it with water, and the conjurer
cannot allow a member of the audience to undertake that task.

The water should be poured in from a height, so that the audience can
see that real water is used, and that it really does go into the
cylinder. The conjurer puts the jug down and peeps into the cylinder as
though he were expecting something to happen. Of course, the trick could
be brought to a conclusion at once, but you may well pause here for a
moment--just to "work up the excitement."

You dip your hand into the cylinder and take it out dripping with water.
"Just wet water," you say, "very wet." Dip your hand in again. "Still
wet." Repeat the action, but this time you remark that here is something
which is "quite dry," and you take out an American flag. The little joke
may, or may not be, discovered by the audience, but probably some of the
older members will see it. You then continue to produce a quantity of
flags and finally finish up with the Union Jack, which, of course, must
be larger than any of the other flags you have produced.

But the trick is not yet over, because as you produce the last flag your
assistant, knowing what to do, pours out the water from the cylinder.

This effect is produced in a simple manner. The cylinder is divided down
the centre into two compartments. The top of the partition does not come
up to the top of the cylinder because one compartment, filled with flags
before the commencement of the trick, is closed with a little
semi-circular lid, and as this lid has to be opened before the flags can
be produced it follows that if it were level with the top of the
cylinder it would be seen. The whole of the interior is painted a dull
black.

Care must be taken in pouring the water into the cylinder; if it is
poured on to the top of the lid there will be a visible splash above the
top of the cylinder, which would give the trick away.

Your assistant, having rehearsed the trick with you, knows just what you
are going to do, and, therefore, when you dip your hand into the
cylinder for the third time to get at the first flag she tilts the
cylinder slightly towards you and holds it in such a way that you can
lift the lid quickly.

Another cylinder for producing the same effect has the secret
compartment in the centre. The compartment is a round tube closed at the
mouth with an india-rubber cap. This cylinder usually has a foot to it,
and this makes it more convenient for the assistant to hold. Besides,
knowing that the secret compartment is in the centre the conjurer does
not have to be over careful as to the way in which he pours in the
water; as long as the spout of the jug is near the edge of the cylinder
he knows that he is safe. I used one of these cylinders at St. George's
Hall some years ago.

It is advisable to produce a flag in the first place, because you are
then able to get away with the india-rubber cover behind it; the cover
can easily be pulled away and hidden afterwards as you put the flag
down.

It is a good plan, after the production of the first flag, to take out a
number of compressible things. If you are performing to children they
will like nothing better than two or three bundles of carrots. These
imitation carrots are made with springs inside them, and they can be
packed in a very small compass. Imitation flowers, sausages, balls and
other things are also made in such a way that they can be packed in a
very small space, but when they are produced they expand to the usual
size. If you adopt this plan you apparently take out of the tube far
more than could possibly be put into it. These things can be followed
with a few "throw-outs," as they are called--little coils of bright
tissue paper ribbons; the conjurer gets hold of the end and throws the
coil away from him when the ribbons spread out, making a good display.
After these can come a large number of silk handkerchiefs of bright
colours, and finally the flags.

Care should be taken in displaying all these things after they are
produced. You lose half the effect of the trick if you merely dump them
down in an untidy heap. One flag can be hung on the assistant's arm,
another over a chair, and another in front of the table, and so on, the
object being to leave the audience with some kind of a "spectacle."

The one drawback to this very easy, but very effective trick is the
anti-climax produced by the water being poured out of the vase at the
end of the trick. You really want the end of the trick to be the
production of the big Union Jack, and yet if you do not have the water
poured out you lose some of the effect of the trick.

You can get over this difficulty by producing the Union Jack in another
way, and this will give you a little more room in the vase for other
flags. Let the last of these be a Union Jack of the same size as the
others and drape it with the others over the back of a chair. Then have
the water poured out of the vase and the audience will think that you
have come to the conclusion of the trick and will begin to applaud--or
it is to be hoped they will! Then take several of the flags from the
back of the chair and produce a large Union Jack on a flagstaff; this
makes an excellent finish to the trick.

The flagstaff is a telescopic one; the flag is pleated and rolled up,
and the staff is concealed in a little bag hung behind the chair over
which you drape the flags. To cause the staff to open, grasp the handle
tightly and "shoot" it out with its point towards the floor for a
moment; this is a very important point, because if you are performing in
a room you may, in the excitement of the moment, do someone a serious
injury if you merely "shoot" out the flag towards the audience. The
flagstaff should be of the kind known as "self-locking"; that is to say,
when every joint is out the staff can immediately be raised to a
vertical position without any fear that the staff will collapse; it will
remain rigid until you wish to close it. Wave the flag, allowing the
other flags to fall from your hands to the floor, and if you do not
finish your performance to loud applause the fault will not be yours.



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[Illustration]

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[Illustration]

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[Illustration]

You pass round for examination two nickel-silver hoops and a sheet of
white paper. You then place the paper between the hoops. Now, holding
the impromptu Tambourine at arm's length you make a hole in the middle
with the forefinger, and from this hole you pull over sixty yards of
paper ribbon and again give the Tambourine to the company to find out
the trick if they can. Complete with full instructions. Price 4/9, post
4d.; large size, 6/6, post 4d.


  =Diminishing Billiard Ball.=

The performer shows a full-sized billiard ball, but wishing for a
smaller one, passes his hand over it, when it is seen half the size; he
passes his hand over again, when it is seen much smaller. The ball
having been proved solid, is now invisibly passed away. Price, with full
instructions, 2/6, post 3d.


  =The Havit Coin Trick.=

[Illustration]

Three pennies, after being covered with an empty and unprepared brass
cap, change into two pennies. A profitable trick. No practice required.
Price 1/3, post 2d.


  =The Celebrated Hindoo Sand Trick.=

A quantity of sand is placed in water and stirred up, but when those in
the secret take a handful out it is found perfectly dry. Price 6½d. per
box, post 2d.


  =The Magician Monthly.=

All about magic, of interest to the Man who is a Conjurer, and the Man
who would like to be. Specimen Copy, post free, 7½d.
Annual Subscription, 6/6.

       *     *     *     *     *

  =GAMAGES, HOLBORN, LONDON, E.C. 1=



  =AMUSEMENT FOR THE HOME.=

  =Price 1/6 net each.=

       *     *     *     *     *

  =Fun on the Billiard Table.=

A Collection of 75 Amusing Tricks and Games with Photographs and
Diagrams.

  By "STANCLIFFE."

  _Second Edition._       _Stiff Pictorial Wrapper._

"To say that no billiard room should be without this joyous and
ingenious little volume is nothing; there is no player, amateur or
professional, who would not get his money's worth out of
it."--_Sportsman._


  =Practice Strokes at Billiards.=

  For Tables of all sizes.

Examples from the actual match play of Roberts, Dawson, Stevenson,
Mitchell, Spiller, Peall, and other leading Professional Players, with
their methods of scoring therefrom. With 110 Diagrams illustrating the
various strokes.

  New and Enlarged Edition.

  _In Stiff Pictorial Wrapper._

"Anyone possessing a billiard table, or having the necessary 'oof' to
pay for private practice, can soon astonish his friends and erstwhile
conquering opponents by studying this book."--_Sporting Times._

  =Plays and Displays for Boy Scouts.=    _In Stiff Boards._

This volume contains six long plays, varying from thirty to sixty
minutes in performance, also several shorter plays occupying from five
to fifteen minutes, and a number of recitations suitable for Scout
Entertainments.

Instructions on How to Run a Scout Entertainment, The Art of Making-up
by Willie Clarkson, and How to make Scenery are also included.


  _UNIFORM WITH ABOVE._

  =Plays and Displays for Scout Entertainments.=

  Second Series.

A new collection of PLAYS, RECITATIONS, and other items for BOY SCOUTS.


  =How and What to Dance.=

  By GEOFFREY D'EGVILLE.

The contents include:--The Etiquette of the Ball-room--Organizing a
Dance. Round Dances: The Waltz, Hesitation Waltz and
Boston--Polka--Gallop--Two Step, One Step--The Fox Trot--The Jazz
Step--Tango--Maxina--Valeta--Barn Dance--Canadian Three
Step--Schottische--Highland Schottische. Square Dances:
Lancers--Quadrilles--Waltz Cotillion--Caledonians--Parisian
Quadrille--Alberts. Country Dances. Morris Dancing. Maypole Dancing.
Etc.

       *     *     *     *     *

  =Price 2/- Each net.=


  =Indoor Games for Children and Young People.=

  Edited by E. M. BAKER.

  _In Stiff Pictorial Paper Boards._

The contents include:--Indoor Games for a Wet Day--Games that can be
played alone--Sunday Games--Games for Christmas and Birthday
Parties--Home Stage Entertainments--Guessing Games--Table Games--Writing
and Letter Games--Round or Parlour Games--Artistic Productions--Home
Theatricals--Tableaux Vivants--The Art Exhibition--Forfeits, etc.


  =Conjuring with Coins.=

  Including Tricks by
  NELSON DOWNS
  and other well-known Conjurers.
  Edited by NATHAN DEAN.

A splendid collection of Simple Tricks and many more advanced requiring
apparatus.


  =Simple Conjuring Tricks that Anybody can Perform.=

  By WILL GOLDSTON.

  _Second Edition._

A splendid collection of Tricks with and without Apparatus, within the
scope of the beginner who wishes to amuse his friends at evening
parties, etc.

       *     *     *     *     *

  _The above Volumes may be had from all Booksellers and Railway
  Bookstalls, or post free for 1s. 9d. or 2/4 each, from_

  =C. ARTHUR PEARSON, Ltd., 17 Henrietta St., LONDON, W.C. 2.=



  =AMUSEMENT FOR THE HOME.=

  IN STIFF PICTORIAL WRAPPERS

  =Price 2/- net each.=

       *     *     *     *     *

  =Card Tricks=
  =Without Sleight of Hand or Apparatus.=

  By L. WIDDOP.

A Volume which will give the Amateur or Semi-Professional, who does not
wish to spend a great deal of time in practice, material for
entertaining performances. Card Tricks presented in new forms and with
up-to-date patter.


  =The Drawing Room Entertainer.=

A Practical Guide to the Art of Amateur and Semi-Professional
Entertaining.

  By CECIL H. BULLIVANT.

The Contents include:--Ventriloquism--Conjuring--Popular
Entertainments--The Drawing Room Comedian--The Sketch Artist--A Shadow
Show--Variety Programmes--Method and Management--How Best to Secure
Engagements.


  =Recitations for Children.=

  By JENE BELFRAGE.

  _Second Edition_

A charming Collection of Poems (chiefly _copyright_) specially selected
as being suitable for Young People, with instructions for Reciting.


  =Plays for Amateur Actors.=

Containing Eleven Original Humorous Plays.

With Hints for Amateur Theatricals.


  =Heard this One?=

The Newest Funny Stories collected and told by

  CHARLES VIVIAN,

  Editor of "The Novel Magazine."


  =Card Games.=

  By PETER ALSTON.

Including Bridge, Whist, Cribbage, and all the various games played
to-day.


  =Magic Made Easy.=

  By DAVID DEVANT.

  A New Edition.

A splendid collection of Conjuring Tricks by one of our leading
magicians.


  =Matchstick Magic.=

Puzzles, Games, and Conjuring Tricks with Matches.

  By WILL BLYTH, M.I.M.C.

With a foreword by DAVID DEVANT.


  =Ventriloquism= By Harold C. King;

  and

  =Juggling= By John E. T. Clark.

Two subjects of interest to the Amateur and Semi-Professional
Entertainer contained in one volume. Both are dealt with in a lucid and
interesting way.


  =Handkerchief Magic.=

  By WILL BLYTH,

  _Author of "Paper Magic," "Matchstick Magic," &c._

Tricks and Amusement with a Pocket Handkerchief, with a foreword by
CLIVE MASKELYNE.


  =Irish Reciter and Reader.=

Contains Selections from all the best writers of Ireland,
including--William Alexander, D.D. (Primate of Ireland), Katherine Tynan
Hinkson, Dora Sigerson Shorter, Alfred Percival Graves, W. H. Yeats,
Douglas Hyde, Lady Wilde, "Mr. Dooley," Lady Dufferin, Laurence Sterne,
Samuel Lover, and many others.


  =Hand Shadows.=

  The Complete Art of Shadowgraphy.

  By LOUIS NIKOLA.

In Stiff Pictorial Wrapper, with numerous illustrations showing how the
Shadows are produced.

       *     *     *     *     *

  _These Handbooks may be obtained through your Bookseller, or will be
  forwarded post free on receipt of 2s. 4d. from_

  =C. ARTHUR PEARSON, Ltd., 17 Henrietta Street, LONDON, W.C. 2.=





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