By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: The Invasion of France in 1814
Author: Erckmann, Émile, Chatrian, Alexandre
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Invasion of France in 1814" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.









NEW YORK::::::::::::::::::::::1911

COPYRIGHT, 1889, 1898



_As they climbed up they were clubbed with muskets . . . Frontispiece_

_There was a general shout of_ "_Long live France!_"

_Big Dubreuil; the friend of the allies_

_Yégof saluted each phantom with sparkling eyes_

"_Let us overwhelm them, as at Blutfeld!_"


The invasion of France by the allied armies after the battle of Leipsic
had proved the German campaign even more disastrous than that of Russia
the year before, was not only essentially the death-blow to the power
of Napoleon, but was the first real taste France had had for many years
of an experience she had so often previously meted out to her
neighbors.  In spite of all she had suffered from the conscription and
from exhaustion of men and treasure in offensive war--or at least war
waged outside her own territory--the great Invasion meant for her
something far more terrible than any reverses she had yet undergone.
Napoleon was not only not invincible, it appeared, he was not even able
to defend the frontiers he had found firmly established on his
accession to power.  The allies had announced that they were warring
not against France but against the French Emperor--"against the
preponderance that Napoleon had too long exercised beyond the limits of
his empire."  Everywhere in France except in the official world of
Paris, the once enchanted name of Napoleon had become recognized as a
synonym of national disaster.

Nevertheless nothing--except, perhaps, the similar circumstances of the
Prussian invasion in 1870--has ever so well attested the fundamental
and absorbing patriotism of the French people as their heroic
resistance to this invasion and their instinctive and universal refusal
to separate in this crisis the cause of their Emperor from their own.
The presence of a foreign foe on whatever pretext within their
boundaries sufficed to arouse them _en masse_.  No such enthusiasm had
been known since the days of the Republic's and the Consulate's
victories as was awakened, in the thick of national disaster and amid
the ruin of all ambitious hopes, by the thought of an enemy within the
borders of _la patrie_.  And in "The Invasion" of MM. Erckmann-Chatrian
this enthusiasm and devotion find a chronicle which is most
realistically impressive.  So soon as the peasants of the outlying
villages of the eastern frontier learn of the impending descent of the
Cossacks and Germans, without thought of their own comfort and
safety--which it is, however, impartially pointed out they know would
hardly be better secured by submission--they organize for resistance.
They blockade the highways and defend the mountain passes.  Women and
children aid in the work.  While the siege of Phalsbourg goes on the
heights are occupied by sturdy peasants who oppose for a while an
effective obstacle to the passage of the invaders.  The worst
hardships, the most perilous adventures, are accepted by them with the
heroic courage of regulars.  Outlaws and smugglers work and fight hand
to hand with the respected worthies of the neighborhood.  They watch
their farms burn from their outlook on the hill-tops, they suffer the
pangs of starvation when their supplies are intercepted by the enemy,
they fight to desperation when their position is finally turned by the
treachery of a crazy German they have long harbored--and whose vagaries
give, by the way, a most romantic color to the narrative--and they are
finally slain or captured just as Paris capitulates and peace is made.
None of the National Novels is more graphic or more significant
historically than "The Invasion."




If you would wish to know the history of the great invasion of 1814,
such as it was related to me by the old hunter Frantz du Hengst, you
must transport yourself to the village of Charmes, in the Vosges.
About thirty small houses, covered with shingles and dark-green
houseleeks, stand in rows along the banks of the Sarre: you can see the
gables carpeted with ivy and withered honeysuckles, for winter is
approaching; the beehives closed with corks of straw, the small
gardens, the palings, the hedges which separate them one from the other.

To the left, on a high mountain, arise the ruins of the ancient château
of Falkenstein, destroyed two hundred years ago by the Swedes.  It is
now only a mass of stones and brambles; an old "timber-way," with its
worn-out steps, ascends to it through the pine-trees.  To the right, on
the side of the hill, one can perceive the farm of Bois-de-Chênes--a
large building, with granaries, stables, and sheds, the flat roof
loaded with great stones, in order to resist the north wind.  A few
cows are grazing in the heather, a few goats on the rocks.

Everything is calm and silent.

Some children, in gray stuff trousers, their heads and feet bare, are
warming themselves around their little fires on the outskirts of the
woods; the spiral lines of blue smoke fade away in the air, great white
clouds remain immovable above the valley; behind these clouds arise the
arid peaks of the Grosmann and Donon.

You must know that the end house of the village, whose square roof is
pierced by two loophole windows, and whose low door opens on the muddy
street, belonged, in 1813, to Jean-Claude Hullin, one of the old
volunteers of '92, but now a shoemaker in the village of Charmes, and
who was held in much consideration by the mountaineers.  Hullin was a
short stout man, with gray eyes, large lips, a short nose, and thick
eyebrows.  He was of a jovial, kind disposition, and did not know how
to refuse anything to his daughter Louise, a child whom he had picked
up among some miserable gypsies--farriers and tin-sellers--without
house or dwelling-place, who go from village to village mending pots
and pans, melting the ladles, and patching up cracked utensils.  He
considered her as his own daughter, and never seemed to remember she
came of a strange race.

Besides this natural affection, the good old fellow possessed others
still: he loved above all his cousin, the old mistress of the farm of
Bois-de-Chênes, Catherine Lefèvre, and her son Gaspard, who had been
carried off that year by the conscription--a handsome young fellow, the
"fiancé" of Louise, and whose return was expected by all the family at
the end of the campaign.

Hullin recalled always with enthusiasm his campaigns of the
Sambre-et-Meuse, of Italy and of Egypt.  He often thought of them, and
sometimes in the evening, when the work was over, he would go to the
sawmills of Valtin, that dark manufactory formed of trunks of trees
still bearing their bark, and which you can perceive down there at the
end of the valley.  He sat down among the wood-cutters and
charcoal-gatherers, and sledges, in front of the great fire; and while
the heavy wheel turned, the dam thundered and the saws grinded, he, his
elbow on his knee, and his pipe in his mouth, would speak to them of
Hoche, of Kleber, and finally of General Bonaparte, whom he had seen
hundreds of times, and whose thin face, piercing eyes, and eagle
profile, he would depict as though he were present.

Such was Jean-Claude Hullin.

He was one of the old Gallic stock, fond of extraordinary adventures
and heroic enterprises, but constant to his work, out of a sentiment of
duty, from New Year's day until Saint Sylvester's.

As for Louise, the child of the tramp, she was a slender creature, with
long delicate hands, eyes of such a soft deep blue that they seemed to
penetrate to the depths of your soul, skin of a snowy whiteness, hair
of a pale straw-color, like silk in texture, and drooping shoulders
like those of a virgin praying.  Her ingenuous smile, pensive
forehead--in fact, her whole appearance--recalled the old _Lied_ of the
Minnesinger Erhart, when he said: "I have seen a ray of light pass by:
my eyes are still dazzled by it.  Was it a moonbeam piercing the
foliage?  Was it a smile from the dawn in the forests?  No, it was the
beautiful Edith, my love, who passed by.  I have seen her, and my eyes
are still dazzled."

Louise only cared for fields, gardens, and flowers.  In spring-time,
the first notes of the skylark made her shed tears of delight.  She
went to see the budding hawthorn and blue cornflowers behind the hedges
on the hill-sides; she watched for the return of the swallows, from the
little windows of the garret.  She was always the true child of the
homeless vagrants, only less wild.  Hullin forgave her everything; he
understood her nature, and would sometimes say, laughingly:--"My poor
Louise, with the booty that thou bringest us,--thy fine sheaves of
flowers and golden wheat-ears--we should die of hunger in three days!"

Then she would smile so tenderly at him and embrace him so willingly,
that he would go on with his work, saying:--"Bah! why need I grumble?
She is right: she loves the sunshine.  Gaspard will work for two--he
will have the happiness of four.  I do not pity him: on the contrary.
One can find plenty of women who work, and that does not improve their
beauty; but loving woman! what luck to have found one--what luck!"

Thus reasoned the good old fellow; and days, weeks, and months wore
away in the expectation of Gaspard's return.

Madame Lefèvre, an extremely energetic woman, partook of Hullin's ideas
on the subject of Louise.

"As for me," she said, "I only want a daughter who loves us; I do not
wish her to have anything to do with my household affairs.  So long as
she is contented!  Thou wilt not bother me--is it not so, Louise?"

And then they would embrace each other.  But Gaspard did not return,
and for two months they had had no tidings of him.

On that same day, toward the middle of December, 1813, between three
and four o'clock in the afternoon, Hullin, bending over his bench, was
finishing a pair of nailed shoes for the wood-cutter Rochart.  Louise
had just put an earthenware porringer down on the little iron stove,
which sang and crackled in a plaintive manner, while the old clock
counted the seconds in its monotonous tic-tac.  Outside, all along the
street, could be perceived small pools of water, covered with a coating
of thin white ice, announcing the approach of intense cold.  At times
the sound of great wooden shoes, running along the hardened road, could
be heard, and a felt hat, a cape, or a woollen cap would pass by: then
the noise would cease, and the plaintive hissing of the green wood in
the flames, the humming of Louise's spinning-wheel, and the boiling of
the porridge-pot again prevailed.  This had gone on for about two
hours, when Hullin, glancing accidentally through the little
window-panes, stopped his work, and remained with his eyes wide open,
staring, as though absorbed by some unusual spectacle.

In fact, at the corner of the street, in front of the "Trois Pigeons,"
there advanced, in the midst of a crowd of whistling, jumping, and
shouting boys, who called out "The King of Diamonds!  The King of
Diamonds!"--There advanced, I say, one of the strangest personages
imaginable.  Picture to yourself a red-headed, red-bearded man, with a
grave face, gloomy expression, straight nose, the eyebrows meeting on
the forehead, a circle of tin on the head, a gray dogskin floating over
the back, its forepaws tied around the neck; the chest covered with
little copper crosses, the legs clothed with a sort of gray cloth
trousers fastened above the ankle, and the feet bare.  A great raven,
with black wings glossed over with white, was perched on his shoulder.
From his imposing gait one would have taken him for one of the ancient
Merovingian kings, such as are represented by the images of
Montbéliard; he held in the left hand a short thick stick in the shape
of a sceptre, and with the right he made ostentatious gestures, raising
his finger toward heaven, and apostrophizing his retinue.

All the doors opened on his passage; behind every pane appeared
inquisitive faces.  Some few old women on the outer stairs of their
houses, called out to the madman, who would not deign to turn his head;
others went down into the streets and tried to prevent him passing; but
he, lifting his head and raising his eyebrows, with one word and a
sign, forced them to make way.

"Hullo!" said Hullin, "here is Yégof.  I did not expect to have seen
him again this winter.  It is not one of his customs.  What on earth
can bring him back in such weather?"

And Louise, laying down her distaff, hurried away to contemplate "The
King of Diamonds."  It was a great event, the arrival of Yégof the
madman at the commencement of winter: some rejoiced over it, hoping to
keep him and make him relate his glory and fortunes in the inns;
others, and especially the women, were filled with a sort of vague
uneasiness, for madmen, as all know, have ideas from another world:
they know the past and the future--they are inspired by God: the only
thing is to know how to understand them--their words bearing always two
meanings: one for the ordinary run of people, the other for more
refined and delicate souls, and the wise.  This madman besides, more
than another, had truly some sublime and extraordinary thoughts.  None
knew from whence he came, nor where he went, nor what he wanted; for
Yégof wandered about the country like some troubled spirit.  He spoke
of extinct races, and pretended that he was Emperor of Australasia, of
Polynesia, and of other lands besides.  Great books could have been
written on his palaces, castles, and strongholds--of which he knew the
number, the situation, the architecture--and whose beauty, riches, and
grandeur, he would celebrate in a simple and modest manner.  He spoke
of his stables, of his hunts, of his crown-officers, ministers,
counsellors, of the heads of his provinces; he never made any mistakes
as to their names or different merits; but he bitterly bewailed having
been dethroned by the accursed race: and the old midwife, Sapience
Coquelin, every time that she heard him groan over this subject, would
cry bitterly, and others also did the same.  Then he would raise his
arms to heaven and cry out,--"O women, women! remember, remember!  The
hour approaches--the spirits of darkness flee! the old race--the
masters of your masters--advance like the waves of the sea!"

And every spring he was in the habit of making a survey of all the old
owls' nests, the ancient castles, and all the ruins which crown the
Vosges in the depths of their forests, at Nideck, Géroldseck,
Lutzelbourg, and Turkestein, saying that he was going to visit his
territories, talking of re-establishing the past splendor of his
states, and of putting all mutinous people into slavery, with the aid
of his cousin the "Grand Gôlo."

Jean-Claude Hullin made light of these things, from not having a soul
elevated enough to enter into the invisible spheres; but Louise was
much troubled by them--above all, when the raven flapped its wings and
gave its hoarse cry.

Yégof, then, descended the street, without stopping anywhere; and
Louise, all excitement, seeing that he looked toward their little
house, said aloud,--"Papa Jean-Claude, I believe he is coming our way."

"It is quite possible," replied Hullin.  "The poor devil must be in
need of a pair of good lined shoes for the great cold, and if he were
to ask me, I should hardly be able to refuse them to him."

"Oh, how kind you are!" said the young girl, embracing him

"Yes, yes! thou art flattering me," said he, laughing, "because I do
what thou wishest.  Who will pay me for my wood and work?  It will not
be Yégof!"

Louise kissed him again, and Hullin, looking lovingly at her,
murmured,--"This payment is worth the other."

Yégof was then about fifteen yards from their door: the tumult still
kept increasing; the boys hung on to the tatters of his coat, crying
out, "Diamond!  Club!  Spade!"  Suddenly he turned, raised his sceptre,
and called out in a dignified though furious manner,--"Go back,
accursed race!  Go back, deafen me no longer, or I will loose my
bloodhounds against you!"

This menace only made the shouts of laughter and hisses redouble; but
as at that moment Hullin appeared on the threshold with a long strap in
his hand, and distinguishing five or six of the most obstinate among
them, he warned them that that evening he would go and pull their ears
during their supper--a feat which he had already performed several
times with the consent of the parents, the whole band dispersed in
great consternation.  Then, going toward the madman,--"Enter, Yégof,"
said the shoemaker, "come and warm thyself by the fire."

"I do not call myself Yégof," replied the unhappy man, looking
offended.  "I call myself Luitprandt, King of Australasia and

"Yes, yes, I know," said Jean-Claude--"I know!  Thou hast already told
me all that.  But what does it matter that thou callest thyself Yégof,
or Luitprandt? come in all the same.  It is cold; try to warm thyself."

"I come in," replied the madman; "but it is for a much more serious
affair: it is for a state affair--to form an indissoluble alliance
between the Germans and the Triboques."

"Well, we will talk of that."

Yégof, stooping under the door, entered as though in a reverie, and
saluted Louise by bowing and lowering his sceptre; but the raven would
not come in.  Opening his great wings, he made a circuit around the
house, and came and fastened himself onto the window-panes to break

"Hans," shouted the madman, "take care!  I am coming!"

But the bird did not detach its sharp claws from the casement, and
never ceased fluttering its great wings so long as its master remained
in the cottage.  Louise did not take her eyes off it: she was afraid.
As for Yégof, he sat down in the old leathern armchair behind the
stove, his legs stretched out as though on a throne; and gazing around
him in a triumphant manner, he cried out,--"I come direct from Jérome,
to conclude an alliance with thee, Hullin.  Thou art not ignorant that
I have deigned to cast my eyes on thy daughter, and I come to ask her
of thee in marriage."

At this proposition Louise blushed to the roots of her hair, and Hullin
burst into a loud laugh.

"Thou laughest!" cried the madman, in a hollow voice.  "Well! thou art
wrong to laugh.  This alliance may alone save thee from the impending
ruin of thyself, thy house, and all thy belongings.  At this moment my
armies are advancing.  They are countless--they cover the earth.  What
can you do against me?  You will be vanquished, annihilated, or reduced
to slavery, as you have already been for centuries: for I, Luitprandt,
King of Australasia and of Polynesia--I have decided that everything
shall be as it once was.  Remember!"--here the madman raised his finger
solemnly--"remember what has passed!  You have been beaten!  And we,
the old northern races--we have put our yokes upon you.  We have
burdened you with the largest stones for building our strong castles
and our subterraneous prisons; we have harnessed you to our ploughs;
you have been before us as the straw before the hurricane.  Remember,
remember, Triboque, and tremble!"

"I remember very well," said Hullin, still laughing; "but we had our
revenge.  Thou knowest?"

"Yes, yes," interrupted Yégof, frowning; "but that time has gone by.
My warriors are more numerous than the leaves in the forests; and your
blood flows like the water of the brooks.  Thou, I know thee--I knew
thee a thousand years ago!"

"Bah!" said Hullin.

"Yes, it was this hand--dost thou hear?--this hand that has vanquished
thee, when, for the first time, we entered your forests.  It has made
thy head bow beneath the yoke--it will make it bend again!  Because you
are brave, you believe yourselves masters of this country and of all
France forever.  Well, you are wrong!  We have spoiled you, and we will
spoil you again.  We will restore Alsace and Lorraine to Germany,
Brittany and Normandy to the men from the North, with Flanders and the
South to Spain.  We will make France into a little kingdom around
Paris--a very little kingdom--with a descendant of the ancient race at
your head.  And you will no longer agitate yourselves--you will be very
tranquil.  Ha, ha, ha!"  Yégof began to laugh.

Hullin, who had no knowledge of history, was astonished that he should
know so many names.

"Bah! stop that, Yégof," said he; "and come, take a little soup to warm
thy inside."

"I do not ask thee for soup; I ask thee for this girl in marriage--the
most beautiful on my estates.  Give her to me willingly, and I raise
thee to the steps of my throne: else my armies shall take her by force,
and thou shalt not have the merit of giving her to me."

While thus speaking, the unhappy creature regarded Louise with an air
of profound admiration.

"How beautiful she is!  I destine her to the greatest honors.  Rejoice,
young girl, rejoice!  Thou shalt be queen of Australasia."

"Listen, Yégof," said Hullin.  "I am very much flattered by thy demand:
it shows that thou canst appreciate beauty.  It is well.  But my
daughter is already affianced to Gaspard Lefèvre."

"And I," said the madman, greatly irritated--"I will not hear of such a
thing!"  Then rising up,--"Hullin," said he, in solemn tones, "it is my
first demand.  I will renew it yet twice again--dost thou hear--twice!
And if thou wilt persist in thy obstinacy--misfortune, misfortune on
thee and thy race!"

"What! thou wilt not take any soup?"

"No, no!  I will accept nothing from thee so long as thou hast not
consented.  Nothing, nothing!"  And then marching toward the door, much
to the satisfaction of Louise, who was intent on the raven, fluttering
its wings against the window-panes, he said, raising his
sceptre,--"Twice again!" and departed.

Hullin went off into a shout of laughter.  "Poor devil!" he exclaimed.
"In spite of himself, his nose turned toward the porringer.  He has
nothing in his inside--his teeth chatter with hunger.  Well! his
madness is stronger than either cold or hunger."

"Oh, how he frightened me!" said Louise.

"Come, come, my child, calm thyself.  He is gone.  He thinks thou art
pretty, fool though he is; do not let that terrify thee."

But although the madman had left, Louise still trembled, and felt
herself blushing when she thought of how he had looked at her.

Yégof had taken the road to Valtin.  He could still be seen, his raven
on his shoulder, walking slowly along and making curious gestures,
although no one was near him.  The night was drawing on, and soon the
tall figure of "The King of Diamonds" disappeared in the gray shadows
of the winter twilight.



In the evening of that same day, after their supper, Louise, having
taken her spinning-wheel, was gone for a little diversion to the Mother
Rochart's where all the good women and young girls of the neighborhood
used to assemble till near midnight.  They spent their time in relating
old legends, talking of the rain, of the weather, of marriages,
baptisms, of the departure or return of the conscripts, and what not,
that enabled them to pass the hours agreeably.

Hullin remained alone before his little copper lamp, nailing the shoes
of the old wood-cutter.  He no longer thought of the madman Yégof.  His
hammer rose and fell, driving the great nails into the thick wooden
shoes quite mechanically, by force of habit.  In the meantime thousands
of ideas came into his head; he was thoughtful without knowing why.
Now it was Gaspard, who gave no signs of being alive; then it was the
campaign, which was being indefinitely prolonged.  The lamp threw its
yellowish light around the smoky little room.  Outside, not a sound.
The fire began to die away.  Jean-Claude rose to put on a fagot, then
sat down again, muttering,--"Bah! this cannot last; we shall receive a
letter one of these days."

The old clock began to strike nine; and as Hullin was recommencing his
work, the door opened and Catherine Lefèvre, the mistress of
Bois-de-Chênes, appeared on the threshold, to the great stupefaction of
the shoemaker, for it was not her custom to arrive at such a time.

Catherine Lefèvre might have been sixty years old, but she was as
upright and strong as at thirty.  Her clear gray eyes and beaked nose
resembled those of a bird of prey; the corners of her mouth turned
down, and made her look somewhat gloomy and sad; two or three locks of
gray hair fell over her forehead; a brown striped hood reached from her
head, over her shoulders and down to her elbows.  Her physiognomy
announced a steadfast, tenacious character, with something
indescribably grand and mournful about it, which inspired both respect
and fear.

"Can it be you, Catherine?" said Hullin, in astonishment.

"Yes, it is I," replied the old dame, calmly.  "I am come to talk with
you, Jean-Claude....  Louise is away?"

"She has gone for a little amusement to Madeleine Rochart's."

"It is well."

Then Catherine pushed back her hood from her head, and sat down at the
end of the bench.  Hullin looked fixedly at her: he perceived something
extraordinary and mysterious about her which fascinated him.

"What has happened, then?" said he, putting down his hammer.

Instead of answering this question, she turned toward the door, and
seemed to be listening; then hearing no sound, her serious expression
came back.

"Yégof the madman spent last night at the farm," said she.

"He came to see me this afternoon," rejoined Hullin, without attaching
any importance to this fact, which was totally indifferent to him.

"Yes," replied the old dame, in a low voice, "he spent the night with
us; and yesterday evening, about this time, in the kitchen, before us
all, this madman related terrible things!"

Then she relapsed into silence, and the corners of her mouth seemed to
turn down more than ever.

"Terrible things!" murmured the shoemaker, excessively astonished: for
he had never seen Catherine Lefèvre in such a condition before.  "But
what then? say, what?"

"Dreams I have had!"

"Dreams?  You certainly want to make fun of me!"


Then, after a short pause, she slowly continued--"Yesterday evening,
all our people were assembled in the kitchen around the large fireplace
after supper; the table still remained covered with empty dishes,
plates, and spoons.  Yégof had partaken of it with us, and had amused
us with the history of his treasures, castles, and provinces.  It might
have been toward nine o'clock: the madman was sitting at one end of the
blazing fire; old Duchêne, my ploughboy, was mending Bruno's saddle;
the herdsman, Robin, was plaiting a basket; Annette arranged her pans
on the shelves: and I had brought my wheel nearer the fire to finish
spinning a distaff-ful before going to bed.  Out of doors, the dogs
were barking at the moon; the cold was very great.  We were all there,
talking of the coming winter.  Duchêne said it would be very severe,
for he had seen several flocks of wild-geese.  And Yégof's raven, on
the edge of the mantel-piece, its head buried in its raffled feathers,
seemed to sleep; but now and then it would elongate its neck and watch
us, listen a moment and then cover itself again in its plumes."

She remained silent a moment, as though to collect her ideas; her
eyelids drooped, her great beaked nose seemed to bend down on to her
lips, and a strange pallor came over her face.

"What the devil is coming next?" thought Hullin.

The old woman continued: "Yégof near the fire, with his tin crown, and
his short stick on his knees, was dreaming of something.  He looked at
the great black chimney, the stone mantel-piece, which is carved with
different figures and trees, and the smoke which went up in great
clouds around the sides of bacon: when suddenly he struck with the end
of his stick on to the tiles and called out, as though in a
dream--'Yes, yes, I have seen that long ago--long ago!'  And as we all
looked at him speechless--'In those times,' he went on to say, 'the
pine-forests were forests of oak.  The Nideck, the Dagsberg,
Falkenstein, Géroldseck, all those old ruined castles did not exist.
In those times the bison could be hunted in the depths of the woods,
the salmon caught in the Sarre, and you, the fair men, were buried in
snow six months of the year.  You lived on milk and cheese, for you had
many flocks and herds on the Hengst, the Schneeberg, the Grosmann, the
Donon.  In the summer you hunted: you came down to the Rhine, the
Moselle, the Meuse.  I can recall it all!'

"And wonderful to relate, Jean-Claude, as the madman spoke, I seemed to
see also these countries of years gone by, and to remember them as I
should a dream.  I had let fall my distaff, and Duchêne, Robin,
Jeanne--in fact, everybody--listened.  'Yes, it was long ago,' he
continued.  'In those days you were already building these great
chimneys; and all around, at a distance of two or three hundred yards,
you planted palisades fifteen feet high, and with the points hardened
by the fire.  And inside them you kept your big dogs with their hanging
cheeks, who barked day and night.'

"We could see what he said, Jean-Claude; we could see it all.  But he
paid no heed to us: he regarded the figures on the chimney-piece with
his mouth open; but, in an instant, having stooped his head and seeing
how attentive we all were, he laughed with a wild, mad laughter, and
cried out:--'In those days you believed yourselves the lords of the
country, O fair men, with your blue eyes and white skins, fed on milk
and cheese, and only tasting blood in the autumn, at the great hunts:
you believed yourselves the masters of the plains and mountains, when
we, the red men, with the green eyes, out of the sea--we who drank
always blood and only liked battles--one fine morning we arrived with
our axes and spears, and ascended the Sarre under the shadows of the
old oaks.  Ah! it was a cruel war, which lasted weeks and months.  And
the old woman--there--' said he, pointing at me, with a singular smile,
'the Margareth of the clan of Kilberix, that old woman with her beaked
nose, in her palisades, in the midst of her dogs and warriors--she
fought like a wolf.  But when five moons had passed, hunger arrived.
The doors of the palisades opened for flight, and we, in ambush in the
stream--we massacred all!--all--except the children and the beautiful
young girls.  The old woman, alone, defended herself to the last with
her teeth and nails; and I, Luitprandt, clove her head in two; and I
took her father, the aged man and blind, to chain him at the door of my
castle like a dog!'

"Then, Hullin," continued the old woman, "the madman began to chant a
long song--the lamentation of the old man chained to his doorway.  Wait
till I can recall it, Jean-Claude.  It was mournful--mournful as a
_Miserere_.  No, I cannot remember it; but I seem still to hear it.  It
made our blood curdle; and, as he laughed without ceasing, at last all
our servants gave a terrible cry, rage seized them.  Duchêne sprang on
the madman to strangle him; but he, with more strength than one could
suppose he possessed, threw him back, and raising his stick furiously,
said to us:--'On your knees, slaves--on your knees!  My armies are
advancing!  Do you hear?  The earth trembles with them.  These castles,
the Nideck, the Haut-Barr, the Dagsberg, the Turkestein, you shall
build them up again!  On your knees!'

"I never saw a more fearful face than Yégof's at that moment; but,
seeing for the second time my servants rising against him, I was
obliged to defend him myself.  'It is a madman,' I said to them.  'Are
you not ashamed to believe in the words of a madman?'  They stopped on
my account; but I could not close my eyes that night.  The words of
that wretched man kept recurring to me.  I seemed to hear the chant of
the old prisoner, the barking of our dogs, and the sounds of battle.
For years I have never felt so uneasy.  That is why I came to see you,
Jean-Claude.  What do you think of it?"

"I?" exclaimed the shoemaker, in whose ruddy face both irony and pity
were visible.  "If I did not know you so well, Catherine, I should say
you were deranged:--you, Duchêne, Robin, and the rest of you.  All that
has about the same effect on me as one of Geneviève de Brabant's
tales--made up to terrify little children, and which shows us how
foolish our ancestors were."

"You do not comprehend these things," said she, in a calm, grave voice;
"you have never had any of those ideas."

"Then you believe all that Yégof has said to you?"

"Yes, I believe it."

"What, you, Catherine?--you, a sensible woman?  If it were the mother
of Rochart I should say nothing; but you!"

He rose as though annoyed, took off his apron, shrugged his shoulders,
then sat down again quickly, and called out:--"This madman, do you know
what he is?  I will tell you.  He is most assuredly one of those German
school-masters who stuff their brains with 'Old Mother Goose' tales,
and then gravely relate them to others.  By dint of studying, dreaming,
ruminating, their wits get out of order; they have visions, many-sided
ideas, and take their dreams for realities.  I have always looked upon
Yégof as one of those poor wretches.  He knows lots of names, he speaks
of Brittany and Australasia, of Polynesia and the Nideck, and then of
Géroldseck, of the Turkestein, of the Rhine--in fact of everything at
hazard; and it ends by having the appearance of something when it is
nothing.  In ordinary times you would think as I do, Catherine; but you
are troubled at not receiving any tidings from Gaspard.  These rumors
of war and of invasion that are going about torment and unsettle you.
You cannot sleep; and what a poor madman says, you regard as Bible

"No, Hullin; it is not that.  If you yourself had heard Yégof----"

"Get along!" exclaimed the good old fellow.  "If I had, I should have
laughed at him as I did just now.  Do you know that he came to ask
Louise of me in marriage, to make her queen of Australasia?"

Catherine Lefèvre could not restrain a smile; but, regaining almost at
once her serious expression--"All your reasonings, Jean-Claude," said
she, "cannot convince me; but, I confess it, the silence of Gasper
frightens me.  I know my son: he would certainly have written to me.
Why have his letters never reached me?  The war is going on badly,
Hullin--we have all the world against us.  They don't want our
revolution--you know it as well as I do.  So long as we were masters,
and won victory after victory, they looked kindly on us; but since our
Russian misfortunes, things wear a bad aspect."

"Là, Là, Catherine, how you get carried away.  You see everything

"Yes, I see everything gloomily, and I am right.  What makes me so
uneasy is, that we never get any news from the outer world; we live
here as in a savage country: one knows of nothing that goes on.  The
Austrians and the Cossacks could be upon us at any time, and we should
be taken by surprise."

Hullin observed the old dame, whose expression was very animated; and
even he began to be influenced by the same fears.

"Listen, Catherine," said he, suddenly.  "When you speak in a
reasonable manner, it is not I who would say anything against it.  All
you now tell me is possible.  I do not believe in it; but one might as
well make sure.  I had intended to go to Phalsbourg in a week, to buy
sheepskins for trimming some shoes: I will go to-morrow.  At
Phalsbourg, a garrison and post town, there must be some reliable news.
Will you believe those I shall bring you on my return from that place?"


"Good; it is then arranged.  I shall leave to-morrow early.  There are
five leagues in all.  I shall return about six o'clock.  You will see,
Catherine, that all your dismal ideas have no sense in them."

"I hope so," she replied, rising.  "I hope so.  You have somewhat
reassured me, Hullin.  Now I will go to the farm, and may I sleep
better than I did last night.  Good-night, Jean-Claude."



The next day at dawn, Hullin, wearing his blue cloth Sunday breeches,
his large brown velvet jacket and red waistcoat with brass buttons, and
a broad beaver mountaineer's hat turned up like a cockade above his
ruddy face--started on his way to Phalsbourg, a stout stick in his hand.

Phalsbourg is a small fortress, half-way on the imperial road from
Strasbourg to Paris; it dominates Saverne, the defiles of Haut-Barr,
Roche-Platte, Bonne-Fontaine, and of the Graufthâl.  Its bastions,
outposts, and demilunes are cut out in zig-zags on a rocky plain: from
afar, the walls look as though they might be cleared at a jump; but on
coming closer one perceives the moat, a hundred feet wide, thirty deep,
and the dark ramparts hewn in the face of the rock.  That makes one
stop suddenly.  Besides, with the exception of the church, the
town-hall, the two gateways of France and Germany, in shape of mitres,
and the peaks of the two powder-magazines, all the rest is hidden
behind the fortifications.  Such is Phalsbourg, which is not without a
certain imposing effect, especially when one crosses its bridges and
piers, under its thick gates, garnished with iron-spiked portcullis.
In the interior, the houses are distributed in regular quarters; they
are low, in straight lines, built of freestone: everything bears a
military aspect.

Hullin, owing to his robust constitution and jovial disposition, never
had any fears for the future, and considered all rumors of retreat,
rout, and invasion, which circulated in the country, as so many lies
propagated by dishonest individuals; so that one may judge of his
stupefaction when, on leaving the mountains and from the outskirts of
the woods, he saw the whole surroundings of the town laid as bare as a
pontoon: not a garden, not an orchard, not a promenade, or a tree, or
even a shrub--all was destroyed within cannon-range.  A few poor
creatures were picking up the last remnants of their little houses, and
carrying them into the town.  Nothing was to be seen on the horizon but
the line of ramparts standing out clearly above the hidden roads.  It
had the effect of a thunder-bolt on Jean-Claude.

For some moments he could neither articulate a word nor make a step

"Oh, ho!" said he, at last, "this is bad--this is very bad.  They
expect the enemy."

Then his warlike instincts prevailed; a dark flush came over his brown
cheeks.  "It is those rascally Austrians, Prussians, and Russians, and
all the other wretches picked up out of the dregs of Europe, who are
the cause of this," cried he, waving his stick.  "But beware! we will
make them pay for the damages!"

He was possessed with one of those white rages such as honest people
feel when they are driven to extremities.  Woe to him who annoyed
Hullin just then!

Twenty minutes later he entered the town, at the rear of a long file of
carriages, each harnessed to five or six horses, pulling, with much
trouble, enormous trunks of trees, destined to construct block-houses
on the _place-d'armes_.  Among the conductors, the peasants, and
neighing, stamping horses, marched gravely a mounted _gendarme_--Father
Kels--who did not seem to hear anything, and said, in a rough voice,
"Courage, courage, my friends!  We will make two more journeys before
evening.  You will have deserved well of your country!"

Jean-Claude crossed the bridge.

A new spectacle opened before him in the town.  There reigned the ardor
of defence: all the doors were open; men, women, and children came and
ran, helping to transport the powder and projectiles.  They stopped in
groups of three, four, six, to make themselves acquainted with the news.

"Hé neighbor!"

"What then?"

"A courier has just arrived in great speed.  He entered by the French

"Then he has come to announce the National Guard from Nancy."

"Or, perhaps, a convoy from Metz."

"You are right.  We want sixteen-pounders, and shot also.  The stoves
are to be broken up to make some."

A few worthy tradespeople in their shirt-sleeves, standing on tables
along the pavement, were busying themselves with barricading their
windows with large pieces of wood and mattresses; others rolled up to
their doors tubs of water.  This enthusiasm reanimated Hullin.

"Excellent!" said he; "everybody is making holiday here.  The allies
will be well received."

In front of the College, the squeaky voice of the Sergeant-de-ville
Harmentier was proclaiming:--

"Let it be known that the casemates are to be opened: therefore
everybody may take a mattress there, and two blankets each.  And the
commissaries of this place are going to commence their rounds of
inspection, to ascertain that each inhabitant possesses food for three
months in advance, which he must certify.--This day, 20th December,
1813.--JEAN PIERRE MEUNIER, _Governor_."

All this Hullin saw and heard in less than a minute, for the whole town
was in the greatest excitement.  Strange, serious, and comic scenes
succeeded each other without interruption.

Near the narrow street leading to the Arsenal, a few National Guards
were drawing a twenty-four pounder.  These honest fellows had a very
steep ascent to climb; they could do no more.  "Ho! all together!
Mille tonnerres!  Once again!  Forward!"  They all shouted at once,
pushing the wheels, and the great cannon, stretching out its long neck
over its immense carriage, above their heads, rolled slowly along,
making the pavement tremble.

Hullin, quite rejoiced, was no longer the same man.  His soldier-like
instincts, the remembrance of the bivouac, of the marches, of the
firing, and of the battles--all returned.  His eyes sparkled, his heart
beat faster, and already thoughts of defence, of entrenchments, of
death-struggles came and went in his head.

"Faith!" said he, "all goes well!  I have made enough shoes in my life,
and since the occasion to take up the musket presents itself, well, so
much the better: we will show the Prussians and Austrians that we have
not forgotten to charge at the double."

Thus reasoned the good man, carried away by his warlike instincts; but
his joy did not last long.

Before the church, on the _place-d'armes_, were standing fifteen or
twenty carts, full of wounded, arrived from Leipzig and Hanau.  These
unhappy creatures, pale, ghastly, heavy-eyed, some whose limbs were
already amputated, others with their wounds still untouched, tranquilly
awaited death.  Near them, a few worn-out jades were eating their
meagre allowance, while the conductors, poor wretches, who had been
brought into requisition in Alsace, wrapped in their old mantles, slept
notwithstanding the cold--their great hats turned down over their faces
and their arms folded--on the steps of the church.  One shuddered to
see these sad groups of men, with their gray hoods, heaped up on the
bloody straw--one carrying his broken arm on his knees; another with
his head bandaged in an old handkerchief; a third, already dead, being
used as a seat for the living, his black hands hanging down the ladder.
Hullin, in front of this mournful spectacle, stopped rooted to the
ground.  He could not lift his eyes from it.  Great human suffering has
this strange power of fascination over us: we look to see men perish,
how they regard death: the best among us are not exempt from this
frightful curiosity.  It seems as though eternity is going to deliver
up its secret!

There, then, near the shafts of the first cart, to the right of the
file, were crouched two carbineers in little sky-blue vests, veritable
giants, whose powerful natures gave way under the clutch of pain: like
two caryatides crushed by the weight of some heavy mass.  One, with
great red mustaches and ashy cheeks, looked at you out of his sunken
eyes, as though from the depths of some fearful nightmare; the other,
bent double, with blue hands, and shoulder torn by shot, sank more and
more; then would raise himself with a jerk, talking softly as though
dreaming.  Behind lay stretched, two and two, some infantry soldiers,
the greater number struck by ball, with a leg or an arm broken.  They
seemed to support their fate with more firmness than the giants.  These
poor creatures said nothing: a few only, the youngest, furiously
demanded water and bread; and in the next cart, a plaintive voice--the
voice of a conscript--called, "My mother! my mother!" while the older
men smiled gloomily, as though to say: "Yes, yes, she will come, thy
mother!"  Perhaps they did not think of anything all the time.

Now and then a shudder would pass along the whole of them.  Then
several wounded could be seen half lifting themselves, with deep
groans, and falling back as if death had gone its rounds at that moment.

And again everything relapsed into silence.  While Hullin was watching,
and feeling sick to his heart's core, a shopkeeper in the vicinity,
Sôme the baker, came out of his house carrying a large basin of soup.
Then you should have seen all these spectres move, their eyes sparkle,
their nostrils dilate; they seemed born again.  The unhappy fellows
were dying of hunger!

Good Father Sôme, with tears in his eyes, approached, saying, "I am
coming, my children.  A little patience!  It is I, you know me!"

But hardly was he near the first cart, when the great carbineer with
the ashy cheeks, reviving, plunged his arm up to the elbow in the
boiling basin, seized the meat, and hid it under his vest.  It was done
with the rapidity of lightning.  Savage yells arose on all sides: those
men, if they had had strength to move, would have devoured their
comrade.  He, his arms pressed tightly to his chest, the teeth on has
prey, and glaring round him, appeared to hear nothing.  At these cries
an old soldier, a sergeant, rushed out of the nearest inn.  He was an
old hand; he understood at once what it was about, and, without useless
reflections, he tore away the meat from the wild beast, saying to him,
"Thou dost not deserve any!  It must be divided into parts.  We will
cut ten rations!"

"We are only eight!" said one of the wounded, very calm to all
appearance, but with eyes gleaming out of their bronze mask.

"How, eight?"

"You can see, sergeant, that those two are dying fast: it would be so
much food lost!"

The old sergeant looked.

"Eight," said he; "eight rations!"

Hullin could bear it no longer.  He went over to the innkeeper
Wittmann's opposite, as white as death; Wittmann was also a fur and
leather merchant.  Seeing him enter, "Hé! is it you, Master
Jean-Claude?" he exclaimed.  "You arrive sooner than usual; I did not
expect you till next week."  Then seeing how he staggered--"But say,
you are ill?"

"I have just seen the wounded."

"Ah, yes! the first time, it shocks you; but if you had seen fifteen
thousand pass, as we have, you would not think anything more about it."

"A glass of wine, quick?" said Hullin, who felt badly.  "Oh, mankind,
mankind!  And to think that we are brothers!"

"Yes, brothers until it touches your purse," replied Wittmann.  "Come,
drink! that will set you right."

"And you have seen fifteen thousand go by?" rejoined the shoemaker.

"At the least, for two months, without speaking of those who have
remained in Alsace and the other side of the Rhine; for, you
comprehend, they cannot find carts enough for all, and then many are
not worth the trouble of being carried away."

"Yes, I comprehend!  But why are they there, those poor creatures?  Why
do they not go into the hospital?"

"The hospital!  What is one hospital, ten hospitals, for fifty thousand
wounded?  Every hospital, from Mayence and Coblentz as far as
Phalsbourg, is crowded.  And, besides, that terrible fever, typhus, you
see, Hullin, kills more than the bullet.  All the villages of the plain
twenty leagues round are infected with it; they die everywhere like
flies.  Luckily the town has been in a state of siege these three days;
the gates will be closed, and no more will enter.  I have lost, for my
part, my Uncle Christian and my Aunt Lisbeth, as healthy, solid people
as you and I, Master Jean-Claude.  At last the cold has arrived; last
night there was a white frost."

"And the wounded remained on the pavements all night?"

"No, they came from Saverne this morning; in an hour or two, when the
horses are rested, they will leave for Sarrebourg."

At that moment, the old sergeant, who had re-established order in the
carts, came in rubbing his hands.

"Hé! hé!" said he, "it freshens, Papa Wittmann.  You did well to light
the fire in the stove.  A little glass of cognac to drive away the fog.
Hum! hum!"

His small half-closed eyes, his beaked nose, the cheek-bones being
separated from it by two flourishing wrinkles, which were lost to sight
in a long reddish imperial--everything looked gay in his face, and told
of a jovial, kind disposition.  It was a regular military face,
scorched, burnt by the open air, full of frankness, but also of a
cheery slyness; his great shako, his blue-gray cloak, the
shoulder-belt, the epaulette, seemed to partake of his individuality.
One could not have represented him without them.  He walked up and down
the room, continuing to rub his hands, while Wittmann poured him a
glass of brandy.  Hullin, seated near the window, had at once noticed
the number of his regiment--6th Light Infantry.  Gaspard, the son of
Madame Lefèvre, served in this regiment.  Jean-Claude could now obtain
some tidings of the lover of Louise; but, as he was going to speak, his
heart beat loud.  If Gaspard was dead; if he had perished like so many

The worthy shoemaker felt nearly suffocated; he kept silent.  "Better
to know nothing," thought he.  However, a few minutes later, he could
do so no longer.  "Sergeant," said he, in a hoarse voice, "you are in
the 6th Light Infantry?"

"Yes, my citizen," said the other, turning round in the middle of the

"Do you know one called Gaspard Lefèvre?"

"Gaspard Lefèvre, of the 2d division of the 1st?  Parbleu, if I know
him!  It is I who taught him his drill.  A brave soldier! hardened
against fatigue.  If we had a hundred thousand of that stamp----"

"Then he lives? he is well?"

"Yes, citizen.  Eight days ago I left the regiment at Fredericsthal to
escort this convoy of wounded.  You understand, it is hot there--one
cannot answer for anything.  From one moment to the other, each of us
may have his business settled for him.  But eight days ago, at
Fredericsthal--the 15th December--Gaspard Lefèvre still answered to the

Jean-Claude breathed.  "But then, sergeant, have the goodness to tell
me why Gaspard has not written to his village for two months?"

The old soldier smiled, and blinked his little eyes.  "Ah! now,
citizen, do you then believe that one has nothing else to do on the
march but to write?"

"No.  I have served; I was in the campaigns of Sambre-et-Meuse, of
Egypt and Italy, but that did not prevent me from giving some news of

"One instant, comrade," interrupted the sergeant.  "I have passed
through Egypt and Italy also; the campaign we are finishing is
altogether different."

"It has then been very severe?"

"Severe! one must have one's soul driven into every part of one's
members, so as not to leave one's bones there.  All was against us:
sickness, traitors, peasants, townsfolk, our allies--in fact all!  From
our company, which was complete when we quitted Phalsbourg, the 21st of
last January, only thirty-four men remain.  I believe Gaspard Lefèvre
is the only conscript left.  Those poor conscripts! they fought well;
but they were not accustomed to endure hardships: they melted like
butter in an oven."  So saying, the old sergeant approached the counter
and drank his glass off at one draught.  "To your health, my citizen.
Are you perchance the father of Gaspard?"

"No, I am a relation."

"Well, you can pride yourselves on being stoutly built in your family.
What a man at twenty!  He has gone through everything--he has, while
the others fell away in dozens."

"But," rejoined Hullin, after an instant's silence, "I cannot see
anything so very different in this last campaign; for we also had
sickness and traitors."

"Anything different!" exclaimed the sergeant.  "Everything was
different!  Formerly, if you have gone through the war in Germany, you
ought to remember that, after one or two victories, it was over: the
people received you well; one drank the little white wines, and ate
sauerkraut and ham with the townsfolk; one danced with the buxom wives.
The husbands and grandpapas laughed heartily, and when the regiment
left, everybody cried.  But this time, after Lutzen and Bautzen,
instead of feeling kindly, the people regarded us with diabolical
faces; we could get nothing out of them but by force; one could have
fancied one's self in Spain or Vendée.  I do not know what stuff they
had in their heads against us.  Better had we only been French, had we
not had Saxons and other allies, who only awaited the moment to spring
at our throats: we should then have pulled through all the same, one
against five!  But the allies--don't talk to me of the allies!  Why, at
Leipzig, the 18th of October last, in the hottest part of the battle,
our allies turned against us and shot at us from behind; those were our
good friends the Saxons.  A week later, our former friends the
Bavarians came and threw themselves across our retreat: we had to pass
over them at Hanau.  The day after, near Frankfort, another column of
good friends presented themselves, and we had to crush them.  The more
one kills, the more they come!  Here we are now this side of the Rhine.
Well, there are decidedly more of these good friends marching from
Moscow.  Ah! if we could have foreseen it after Austerlitz, Jena,
Friedland, Wagram!"

Hullin had become very thoughtful.  "And now how do we stand, sergeant?"

"We have had to repass the Rhine, and all our strongholds on the other
side are blockaded.  The 10th of November last the Prince of Neufchâtel
reviewed the regiment at Bleckheim.  The 3d battalion had been
amalgamated with the 2d, and the 'cadre' received orders to be in
readiness to leave for the depot.  Cadres are not wanting, but men.  As
for twenty years we have been bled on all sides, it is not astonishing.
All Europe is down upon us.  The Emperor is at Paris; he is laying down
a plan of the campaign.  If we may only have breathing time till the

Just then Wittmann, who was standing by the window, said,--"Here is the
governor come from inspecting the clearings around the town."

It was the commandant, Jean-Pierre Meunier, wearing a three-cornered
hat, and a tricolor scarf around his waist, who crossed over the square.

"Ah," said the sergeant, "I must get him to sign my papers.  Pardon,
citizen; I must leave you."

"Do so, sergeant; and thank you.  If you meet Gaspard, tell him that
Jean-Claude Hullin embraces him, and that they expect tidings from him
in the village."

"Good--good.  I will not fail to do so."

The sergeant went out, and Hullin finished his wine in a reverie.

"Father Wittmann," said he, after a pause, "what of my parcel?"

"It is ready, Master Jean-Claude."  Then, looking into the kitchen,
"Grédel!  Grédel! bring Hullin's parcel."

A little woman appeared, and put down on the table a roll of
sheepskins.  Jean-Claude passed his stick through it, and lifted it
over his shoulder.

"What, you are going to leave us so soon?"

"Yes, Wittmann.  The days are short, and the roads difficult through
the forests after six o'clock.  I must get back early."

"Then a safe journey to you, Master Jean-Claude."

Hullin left, and crossed the square, turning away his face from the
convoy, which still remained before the church.

The innkeeper from his window watched him hurrying away, and thought to
himself, "How white he looked on entering; he could hardly keep
upright.  It is queer that such a sturdy man, and an old soldier too,
should not have energy enough for a cat.  As for me, I would see fifty
regiments go by on those carts without minding it any more than I did
my first pipe."



While Hullin was learning the disaster of our armies, and was walking
slowly, his head bent, and an anxious expression on his face, toward
the village of Charmes, everything went on as usual at the farm of
Bois-de-Chênes.  No one thought of Yégof's wonderful stories, or of the
war: old Duchêne led his oxen to their drinking-place, the herdsman
Robin turned over their litter; Annette and Jeanne skimmed their
curdled milk.  Only Catherine Lefèvre was silent and gloomy--thinking
of days gone by--all the while superintending with an impassible face
the occupations of her domestics.  She was too old and too serious to
forget from one day to another what had so much troubled her.  When
night came on, after the evening's repast, she entered the great room,
where her servants could hear her drawing the large register-book from
the closet and putting it on the table, to sum up her accounts, as she
was in the habit of doing.

They soon began to load the cart with corn, vegetables, and poultry:
for the next day there was a market at Sarrebourg, and Duchêne had to
start early.

Picture to yourself the great kitchen, and all these worthy folks
hurrying to finish their work before going to rest: the black kettle,
full of beetroot and potatoes destined for the cattle, boiling on an
immense pinewood fire; the plates, dishes, and soup-tureens shining
like suns on the shelves; the bunches of garlic and of reddish-brown
onions hung up in rows to the beams of the ceiling, among the hams and
flitches of bacon; Jeannie, in her blue cap and little red petticoat,
stirring up the contents of the kettle with a big wooden spoon; the
wicker cages, with the cackling fowls and great cock, who pushed his
head through the bars and looked at the flames with a wondering eye and
raised crest; the bull-dog Michel, with his flat head and hanging jowl,
in search of some forgotten dish; Dubourg coming down the creaking
staircase to the left, his back bent with a sack on his shoulder; while
outside, in the dark night, old Duchêne, upright on the cart, lifted
his lantern and called out, "That makes the fifteenth, Dubourg; two
more."  One could see also, hanging against the wall, an old hare,
brought by the hunter Heinrich to be sold at the market, and a fine
grouse, with its purple and green plumage, dimmed eye, and a drop of
blood at the end of its beak.

It was about half-past seven when the sound of footsteps was heard at
the entrance to the yard.  The bull-dog went toward the door growling.
He listened, sniffed the night air, then went back quietly, and began
licking his dish again.

"It is some one belonging to the farm," said Annette.  "Michel does not

Nearly at the same time, old Duchêne from outside called,--"Good-night,
Master Jean-Claude.  Is it you?"

"Yes.  I come from Phalsbourg; and I am going to rest myself a minute
before going down to the village.  Is Catherine here?"

And then the good man came forward to the light, his hat pushed off his
face, and his roll of sheepskins on his back.

"Good-night, my children," said he; "good-night!  Always at work!"

"Yes, Monsieur Hullin, as you see," replied Jeanne, laughing.  "If one
had nothing to do, life would be very wearisome."

"True, my pretty girl, true.  It is only work which gives you your
roses and brilliant eyes."

Jeanne was going to answer, when the door of the great room opened, and
Catherine Lefèvre advanced, looking piercingly at Hullin, as though to
guess beforehand what news he brought.

"Well, Jean-Claude, you have returned."

"Yes, Catherine; with good tidings and bad."

They entered the large room--a high and spacious apartment wainscoted
with wood to the ceiling, with its oak closets and their shining
clasps, its iron stove opening into the kitchen, its old clock counting
the seconds in its walnut-wood case, and the leathern arm-chair, worn
and used by ten generations of aged men.  Jean-Claude never went into
this room without its bringing back to his remembrance Catherine's
grandfather, whom he seemed still to see, with his white head, sitting
behind the oven in the dark.

"Well?" demanded the old dame, offering a chair to the old shoemaker,
who was just putting his pack down on the table.

"Well, from Gaspard the tidings are good; the boy is in good health.
He has had hardships.  All the better: it will be the making of him.
But for the rest, Catherine, it is bad.  The war! the war!"

He shook his head, and the old woman, her lips pressed, sat down facing
him, upright in the armchair, her eyes attentively fastened on him.

"So things look badly--decidedly--we shall have the war among us?"

"Yes, Catherine, from day to day we may expect to see the allies in our

"I thought so.  I was sure of it; but speak, Jean-Claude."

Hullin, then, his elbows on his knees, his red ears between his hands,
and lowering his voice, began to relate all he had seen: the clearing
of everything around the town, the placing of batteries on the
ramparts, the proclamation of the state of siege, the cart-loads of
wounded on the great square, his meeting with the old sergeant at
Wittmann's, and the story of the campaign.  From time to time he
paused, and the old mistress of the farm blinked her eyes slowly, as
though to impress more deeply the various circumstances on her mind.
When Jean-Claude told about the wounded, the good woman murmured
softly--"Gaspard has then escaped it all!"

Then, at the end of this mournful tale, there was a long silence, and
both looked at each other without pronouncing a word.

How many reflections, how many bitter feelings filled their souls!

After some seconds, Catherine recovering from these terrible
thoughts--"You see, Jean-Claude," said she, in a serious tone.  "Yégof
was not wrong."

"Certainly, certainly, he was not wrong," replied Hullin; "but what
does that prove?  A madman, who goes from village to village, who
descends into Alsace, and from thence to Lorraine--who wanders from
right to left--it would be very astonishing if he saw nothing, and if
he did not sometimes tell the truth in his madness.  Everything gets
muddled in his head, and others believe they understand what he does
not understand himself.  But what of these wild stories, Catherine?
The Austrians are upon us.  It only concerns us to know if we shall
allow them to pass, or if we shall have courage to defend ourselves."

"To defend ourselves!" cried the old woman, whose white cheeks
trembled: "if we shall have courage to defend ourselves!  Surely it is
not to me that you speak, Hullin.  What! are we not worthy of our
ancestors?  Did they not defend themselves?  Were they not
exterminated--men, women, and children?"

"Then you are for the defence, Catherine?"

"Yes, yes; so long as there remains to me a bit of skin on my bones.
Let them come!  The oldest of the women is ready!"

Her masses of gray hair shook on her head, her pale rigid cheeks
quivered, and her eyes sent forth lightnings.  She was beautiful to
see--beautiful, like that old Margareth of whom Yégof had spoken.
Hullin held out his hand silently, and gave an enthusiastic smile.

"Excellent," said he--"excellent!  We are always the same in this
family.  I know you, Catherine: you are ready now; but be calm and
listen to me.  We are going to fight, and in what way?"

"In every way; all are good--axes, scythes, pitchforks."

"No doubt; but the best are muskets and the balls.  We have muskets:
every mountaineer keeps his above his door; unfortunately powder and
balls are scarce."

The old dame became quieter all of a sudden; she pushed her hair back
under her cap, and looked anxiously about.

"Yes," she rejoined brusquely; "the powder and balls are wanting, it is
true, but we shall have some.  Marc Divès, the smuggler, has some.  You
shall go and see him to-morrow from me.  You shall tell him that
Catherine Lefèvre will buy all his powder and balls; that she will pay
him; that she will sell her cattle, her farm, land,
everything--everything--to have some.  Do you understand, Hullin?"

"I understand.  What you would do, Catherine, is noble."

"Bah! it is noble--it is noble!" replied the old dame.  "It is quite
simple; I wish to revenge myself.  These Austrians--these red men who
have already exterminated us--well!  I hate them, I detest them, from
father to son.  There! you will buy powder, and these mad ruffians
shall see if we will rebuild their castles."

Hullin then perceived that she still thought of Yégof's tale; but
seeing how exasperated she was, and that, besides, her idea contributed
to the defence of the country, made no observation on that subject, and
said calmly,--"So, Catherine, it is settled; I am to go over to Marc
Divès's to-morrow!"

"Yes! you shall buy all his powder and lead.  Some one ought also to go
the round of the mountain villages, to warn the people of what is
coming, and to arrange a signal beforehand for bringing them together
in case of attack."

"Do not fear," said Jean-Claude.  "I will undertake to charge myself
with that."

Both rose and turned toward the door.  For about half an hour no sounds
were heard in the kitchen; the farm-servants had gone to bed.  The old
dame put down her lamp on the corner of the hearth, and drew the bolts.
Outside the cold was intense, the air still and clear.  All the peaks
round, and the pine-trees of the Jägerthal, stood out against the sky
in dark or light masses.  In the distance, far away behind the
hill-side, a fox giving chase could be heard yelping in the valley of

"Good-night, Hullin," said Catherine.


Jean-Claude walked quickly away on the heath-covered slopes, and the
mistress of the farm, after watching him for a second, shut her door

I leave you to imagine the joy of Louise when she learnt that Gaspard
was safe and sound.  The poor child had hardly been living for two
months.  Hullin took care not to show her the dark cloud which was
coming over the horizon.

Through the night he could hear her prattling in her little room,
talking as though congratulating herself, murmuring Gaspard's name,
opening her drawers and boxes, without doubt so as to hunt up some
relics in them and tell them of her love.

So the linnet drenched in the storm, will, while yet shivering, begin
to sing and hop from branch to branch with the first sunbeam.



When Jean-Claude Hullin, in his shirt-sleeves, opened the shutters of
his little house the next morning, he saw all the neighboring
mountains--the Jägerthal, the Grosmann, the Donon--covered with snow.
This first appearance of winter, coming in our sleep, is very striking
to us: the old pines, the mossy rocks, adorned only the night before
with verdure, and now sparkling with rime, fill our souls with an
indefinable sadness.  "Another year gone by," one says to one's self;
"another hard season to pass before the return of the flowers!"  And
one hastens to put on the great-coat and to light the fire.  Your
sombre habitation is filled with a white light, and outside, for the
first time, you hear the sparrows--the poor sparrows huddled under the
thatch, their feathers ruffled--calling, "No breakfast this morning--no

Hullin drew on his big iron-nailed, double-soled shoes, and over his
vest a great thick cloth waistcoat.

He heard Louise walking overhead in the little garret.

"Louise," he cried, "I am going."

"What! you are going away to-day also?"

"Yes, my child: it must be so: my affairs are not yet finished."

Then, having doffed his large hat, he went up the stair, and said, in a
low tone: "Thou must not expect me back so soon, my child.  I have to
make some distant rounds.  Do not be uneasy.  If any one ask where I
am, thou art to reply, 'He is with Cousin Mathias at Saverne.'"

"You will not have breakfast before leaving?"

"No: I have a crust of bread and the small flask of brandy in my
pocket.  Adieu, my child!  Rejoice, and dream of Gaspard."

And, without waiting for fresh questions, he took his stick and left
the house, going in the direction of the hill of Bouleaux to the left
of the village.  In a quarter of an hour he had passed it by, and
reached the path of the Trois-Fontaines, which winds round the
Falkenstein along by a little wall of dry stones.  The first snow,
which never lasts in the damp shades of the valleys, was beginning to
melt and run down the path.  Hullin got on the wall to climb the
ascent.  On giving an accidental look toward the village, he saw a few
women sweeping before their doors, a few old men wishing each other the
"Good-day" while smoking their first pipes on the threshold of their
cottages.  The deep calm of life, in presence of his agitating
thoughts, affected him much.  He continued his way pensively, saying to
himself, "How quiet everything is down there!  Nobody has any idea of
anything; yet in a few days, what clamors, what rolls of musketry, will
rend the air!"

As the first thing to be done was to procure powder, Catherine Lefèvre
had very naturally cast her eyes on Marc Divès the smuggler, and his
virtuous spouse, Hexe-Baizel.

These people lived on the other side of the Falkenstein, under the base
of the old ruined castle.  They had hollowed inside a sort of den, very
comfortable, possessing one door and two skylights, but according to
certain rumors, communicating with ancient caves by a rift in the rock.
The custom-house officers had never been able to discover these caves,
notwithstanding numerous domiciliary visits for that purpose.
Jean-Claude and Marc Divès had known each other from infancy; they had
gone nesting together after hawks and owls, and since that time had
seen each other nearly every week at the saw-mills of Valtin.  Hullin,
therefore, believed himself sure of the smuggler, but he had some
doubts of Madame Hexe-Baizel, a most cautious person, who would not, in
all probability, have the war-like instinct sufficiently developed.
"But we shall see," he said to himself as he went along.

He had lit his pipe, and from time to time turned round to contemplate
the immense landscape, whose limits were extending more and more.

Nothing could be grander than those wooded mountains, rising one above
the other in the pale sky--those vast heather plains, stretching as far
as the eye could see, white with snow; those black ravines, shut in
between the woods, with torrents at the bottom, dashing over the
greenish pebbles polished like bronze.

And then the silence--the great silence of winter!  The soft snow
falling from the top of the loftiest pine-trees onto their lower
drooping branches: the birds of prey circling in couples above the
forests, screaming out their war-cry: all this ought to be seen for it
cannot be described.

An hour after his departure from the village of Charmes, Hullin,
climbing the summit of the peak, reached the base of the rock of the
Arbousiers.  All round this granite mass extends a sort of rugged
terrace, three or four feet wide.  This narrow passage, surrounded by
the tall pines growing out from the precipice, looks dangerous, but it
is safe; unless one feels dizzy, there is no danger in going along it.
Overhead projects, in a vaulted arch, the rock covered with ruins.

Jean-Claude was approaching the retreat of the smuggler.  He halted a
minute on the terrace, put back his pipe into his pocket, then advanced
along the passage, which forms a half-circle, and ends on the other
side with a chasm.  Quite at the farthest extremity of it, and almost
on the edge of the chasm, he perceived the two skylight windows of the
den and the partly opened door.  A great heap of manure was collected
in front of it.

At the same time Hexe-Baizel appeared, tossing, with a broom made of
green furze, the manure into the abyss.  This woman was small and
hard-looking; she had shaggy red hair, hollow cheeks, pointed nose,
little eyes, bright like two sparks, thin lips, very white teeth, and a
florid complexion.  As for her costume, it was composed of a short
dirty woollen petticoat, and a coarse but clean chemise; her brown,
muscular arms, covered with yellow hairs, were bare to the elbows,
notwithstanding the excessive cold of the winter at this height; and,
lastly, all she had on her feet were a pair of long shoes hanging in

"Ha! good-day, Hexe-Baizel," Jean-Claude called out, good naturedly but
with a tone of raillery.  "You are always fair and fat, happy and
lively!  It gives me pleasure!"

Hexe-Baizel turned sharply, like a weasel surprised on the watch; her
red hair stiffened, and her little eyes flashed fire.  However, she
calmed down immediately, and exclaimed, in a curt voice, as though
speaking to herself, "Hullin--the shoemaker!  What does he want?"

"I am come to see my friend Marc, fair Hexe-Baizel," replied
Jean-Claude; "we have some business to settle together."

"What business?"

"Ah, it only concerns us.  Here let me pass that I may speak to him."

"Marc is asleep."

"Well, he must be awakened then; the time is precious."

So saying, Hullin stooped under the door, and penetrated into a cavern,
whose vault, instead of being round, was composed of irregular curves,
scored with fissures.  Close to the entrance, two feet from the ground,
the rock formed a sort of natural fireplace, on which burned a few
coals and branches of juniper.  Hexe-Baizel's culinary utensils
consisted of an iron kettle, a stone pot, two broken plates, and three
or four tin forks; her furniture comprised a wooden stool, a hatchet to
split wood, a salt box fastened to the rock, and her large furze broom.
To the left of this kitchen was another cavern, with a curious door,
larger at the top than at the bottom, closing by aid of two planks and
a cross-bar.

"Well, where is Marc?" said Hullin, seating himself near the hearth.

"I have already told you that he is asleep.  He returned home late
yesterday.  My husband must sleep, don't you hear?"

"I hear very well, dear Hexe-Baizel; but I have no time to wait."

"Then go away!"

"Go away?  It is easy said; only I won't go away.  I did not walk three
miles, to turn back with my hands in my pockets."

"Is it thou, Hullin?" interrupted a brusque voice coming from the
neighboring cavern.

"Yes, Marc."

"Ah!  I'm coming."

The sound of straw in motion could be heard; then the wooden barrier
was withdrawn; and a huge frame, three feet broad from one shoulder to
the other, wiry, bony, with neck and ears brick-color, and thick brown
hair, appeared in the doorway, and Marc Divès drew himself up before
Hullin, yawning and stretching his long arms with a short sigh.

At first sight, the physiognomy of Marc Divès seemed peaceable enough:
his low broad forehead, bare temples, short curly hair coming down in a
point almost to the eyebrows, his straight nose and long chin--above
all the quiet expression in his brown eyes--would have caused him to be
classed among the ruminating rather than the wilder animals; but one
would have been wrong in thinking so.  Certain rumors were prevalent in
the country that Marc Divès, when attacked by the custom-house people,
had never any hesitation to use his axe or carbine to decide the
dispute; to him were attributed several serious accidents which had
happened to the fiscal agents; but proofs were completely wanting.  The
smuggler, owing to his thorough knowledge of all the mountain defiles
and by-roads from Dagsburg to Sarrbrück, and from Raon-l'Etape to Bâle
in Switzerland, was always fifteen leagues from any place where a
wicked action had been committed.  And then he had such an ingenuous
look! and those who connected him with sinister tales generally
finished badly: which clearly shows the justice with which Providence
sways the world.

"Faith, Hullin," said Marc, after having left his lair, "I was thinking
of thee yesterday evening, and if thou hadst not appeared, I should
have gone expressly to the saw-mills of Valtin to meet thee.  Sit down!
Hexe-Baizel, give a chair to Hullin!"

Then he placed himself on the hearth, his back to the fire, in front of
the open door, which was raked by all the winds of Alsace and

Through this opening there was a magnificent view: it might be compared
to a picture framed in the rock--an enormous picture, embracing the
whole valley of the Rhine, and the mountains beyond, which melted away
in the mist.  And then one could breathe so freely! and the little
fire, which glimmered in the owl's-nest, was a place to look on, with
its red light, after one had gazed into the azure expanse.

"Marc," said Hullin, after a short pause, "may I speak before thy wife?"

"We are as one, she and I."

"Well, Marc, I am come to buy powder and lead of thee."

"To kill hares, is it not so?" observed the smuggler, winking.

"No, to fight against the Germans and Russians."

There was a moment's silence.

"And thou wilt want much powder and lead?"

"All that thou canst supply."

"I can supply as much as three thousand francs' worth to-day," said the

"Then I'll take it."

"And as much more in a week," added Marc, with the same calm manner and
eager look.

"I take that also."

"You will take it!" cried Hexe-Baizel.  "You will take it!  I should
think so!  But who is to pay?"

"Hold thy tongue!" said Marc, roughly, "Hullin takes it: and his word
is enough for me."  And holding out his large hand cordially:
"Jean-Claude, here is my hand: the powder and lead are thine: but I
must have my price, dost thou understand?"

"Yes, Marc: only I intend paying thee at once."

"He will pay, Hexe-Baizel, dost thou hear?"

"Eh, I am not deaf, Baizel.  Go and find a bottle of 'brimbelle-wasse'
for us, so that we may warm our hearts a little.  What Hullin tells me
rejoices me.  These rascally 'kaiserlichs' will not have the easy game
against us that I thought.  It appears that we are going to defend
ourselves, and right well."

"Yes, right well!"

"And there are people who can pay?"

"Catherine Lefèvre pays, and she it is who sends me," said Hullin.

Then Marc Divès rose, and in a solemn tone, and pointing toward the
precipice, exclaimed, "She is a woman indeed--a woman as grand as that
rock down there, the Oxenstein, the greatest I have ever seen in my
life.  I drink to her health.  Drink also, Jean-Claude."

Hullin drank, then Hexe-Baizel.

"Now everything has been said," continued Divès; "but listen, Hullin.
Do not believe that it will be an easy matter to check the enemy: all
the hunters, all the sawyers, all the wood-cutters and carriers on the
mountains will not be too many.  I come from the other side of the
Rhine.  They are so many--those Russians, Austrians, Bavarians,
Prussians, Cossacks, and Hussars--they are so many, that the earth is
black with them.  The villages cannot hold them: they camp on the
plains, in the valleys, on the hills, in the towns, in the open
air--they are to be found everywhere."

At that moment a shrill cry was heard.

"It is a buzzard chasing something," said Marc, stopping.

But just then a shadow came over the rock.  A cloud of chaffinches
cleared the abyss, and hundreds of buzzards and hawks fought above them
in their rapid flight, uttering loud screams to terrify their prey,
while the mass seemed stationary, so dense was it.  The regular
movement of these thousands of wings produced, in the silence, a sound
like that of dead leaves blown in the wind.

"That is the departure of the chaffinches of the Ardennes," said Hullin.

"Yes, it is the last passage: the beech-nuts are buried under the snow,
and the seeds also.  Well, then, look! there are more men over there
than birds in this pass.  All the same, Jean-Claude, we will get over
them, so long as every one bears a hand in it!  Hexe-Baizel, light the
lantern: I am going to show Hullin our supplies of powder and lead."

Hexe-Baizel made a face at this proposition.  "For twenty years," said
she, "no one has gone into the cave.  He can surely believe our word.
We believe, for our part, that he will pay us.  I will not light the
lantern--no, indeed!"

Marc, without saying anything, put out his hand and caught up a cudgel
from the pile of wood; thereupon the old woman darted into the nearest
hole like a weasel, and, two seconds later, came out with a big horn
lantern, which Divès quietly lit at the fire on the hearth.

"Baizel," said he, replacing the stick in its corner, "thou must know
that Jean-Claude is an old friend of my childhood, and that I confide
much more in him than in thee, old wench; for wert thou not afraid of
being hanged the same day as myself, I should long ago have been
swinging to a rope's end.  Come, Hullin, follow me."

They went out, and the smuggler, turning to the left, walked straight
toward the chasm, which projected over the Valtin two hundred feet in
the air.  He pushed aside the branches of a little oak, which had its
roots down below, put forth his leg, and disappeared as though pitched
into the abyss.  Jean-Claude shuddered, but directly after he saw,
against the side of the rock, the head of Divès, who called to
him,--"Hullin, put out thy hand to the left--there is a hole.  Stretch
thy leg out boldly--thou wilt feel a step, and then turn around."

Master Jean-Claude obeyed, with some trepidation.  He could feel the
hole in the rock, he found the step, and turning slightly, was face to
face with his comrade in a sort of arched niche, evidently abutting on
a sally-port in times past.  At the end of the niche there was a low

"How the devil didst thou discover that?" exclaimed Hullin, much

"In seeking after nests thirty-five years ago.  I was one day on the
rock, and I had often observed flying from there a horned-owl and its
mate, two splendid birds: their heads were the size of my fists, and
the wings six feet broad.  I could hear their young calling, and I said
to myself, 'They are near the cavern, at the end of the terrace.  If I
could get round a little beyond the chasm I should have them!  By dint
of looking and bending over, I perceived at last a corner of the step
above the precipice.  There was a strong holly-bush at one side.  I
caught hold of it, put out my leg, and, faith, I found myself here.
What a fight, Hullin!  The old birds wanted to tear out my eyes.
Luckily, it was broad daylight.  They went at me like cocks, opened
their beaks and hissed, but the sun dazzled them.  I kicked them.
Finally, they fell on to the top of an old pine-tree down there, and
all the jays in the country, the thrushes, chaffinches and tom-tits,
flew about them till nightfall, plucking out their feathers.  Thou
canst not imagine, Jean-Claude, the quantity of bones, rat-skins,
leverets, and carrion of all sorts that they had heaped up in this
niche.  It was pestilential.  I threw it all into the Jägerthal, and I
discovered this passage.  But I must also tell thee that there were two
young ones.  I twisted their necks and poked them into my bag.
Afterward, I quietly entered, and thou shalt see what I found.  Come!"

They slipped under the narrow archway, formed of enormous red stones,
where the light threw only a flickering glimmer.

Thirty paces farther on, a vast circular cave, low in the middle, and
formed in the rock itself, appeared to Hullin.  About fifty little
casks were arranged at the bottom in shape of pyramids, and, at the
sides, a large number of ingots of lead and bales of tobacco, which
filled the air with its smell.  Marc deposited his lantern at the
entrance of the vault, and regarded his hiding-place with gratification
and a smile upon his lips.

"That is what I discovered," said he; "the cave was empty, only in the
centre of it was the carcass of an animal, snowy white,--no doubt some
fox, dead of old age.  The rascal had known of the passage before I
had.  He slept safely here.  Who on earth would have dreamed of
pursuing him?  In those days, Hullin, I was twelve years old.  I
immediately thought that this place might one day be of use to me.  I
did not know then what use.  But, later on, when I had begun my first
attempts at smuggling--at Landau, Kehl, Bâle--with Jacob Zimmer, and
during two winters all the custom-house people were after us, the idea
of my old cavern began to haunt me from morning till evening.  I had
made the acquaintance of Hexe-Baizel, who was then one of the
farm-servants at Bois-de-Chênes with Catherine's father.  She brought
me twenty-five louis as marriage-portion, and we settled ourselves in
the cavern of the Arbousiers."

Divès paused; and Hullin, who had become very thoughtful, asked
him,--"This hole, then, pleases thee much, Marc?"

"Pleases me!  Why, I would not go and live in the most beautiful house
in Strasbourg for two thousand pounds a year.  For twenty-three years I
have here hidden my wares: sugar, coffee, powder, tobacco,
brandy--everything goes in here.  I have eight horses always

"But thou hast no happiness."

"I have no happiness!  Dost thou think it is nothing to laugh at the
gendarmes, excisemen, custom-house people; to enrage them, to outdo
them, to hear on all sides, 'That rascally Marc--isn't he a sharp one!
How he manages his business!  He can do as he likes with the law and
its agents,' and this and that.  Hé! hé! hé!  I can tell thee, I can,
that it is the greatest pleasure in the world.  And then the people
like it: they get everything half price; one helps the poor, and keeps
himself warm and well-off."

"Yes, but what dangers!"

"Bah! a customs'-guard would never think of crossing the chasm."

"I should suppose not," thought Hullin, remembering that he must cross
the precipice again.

"At the same time thou art not altogether wrong, Jean-Claude.  When I
first had to enter this place with those little barrels on my back, I
streamed with perspiration; now I am accustomed to it."

"And if thy foot slipped?"

"There would be an end of me!  I would as soon die, spiked on a pine,
as to cough weeks and months on a mattress."

Divès then shed the light of his lantern on the piles of kegs reaching
to the top of the vault.

"It is the finest English powder," said he; "it runs like silver grains
in the hand, and fires like Old Nick.  No need to use much of it--a
thimbleful is enough.  And here is lead, unmixed with tin.  From this
very evening, Hexe-Baizel shall begin casting balls.  She knows all
about it, thou wilt see."

They were beginning to return by the path leading to the chasm, when
suddenly a confused murmur of words began to fill the air.  Marc blew
out his lantern, and they stopped still in the darkness.

"Some one is walking up there," the smuggler softly said.  "Who on
earth has been able to climb up the Falkenstein in such snow?"

They listened, holding their breath, and their eyes fixed on the ray of
bluish light which came down through a small chink into the cavern.
Around the cleft grew a few shrubs, sparkling with frost; above, could
be perceived the ridge of an old wall.  While they were watching,
keeping profound silence, there appeared at the foot of the wall a
large shaggy head bound round with a shining circle, a long face, then
a pointed red beard,--the whole standing out in curious relief against
the white winter sky.

"It is 'The King of Diamonds,'" observed Marc, laughing.

"Poor devil!" said Hullin, gravely; "he has come to walk about his
castle, his bare feet on the ice, and a tin crown on his head!  But
look! he is speaking: he is giving orders to his courtiers; he points
with his sceptre to the north and to the south--all belongs to him; he
is master of the heavens and earth!  Poor devil! merely to see him in
those trousers of his, with his dog-skin on his back, makes me cold all

"Yes, Jean-Claude, it produces on me the effect of a burgomaster or
village mayor, who puffs himself out like a bullfinch, and blows his
cheeks up, saying, 'I am Hans Aden; I have ten acres of fine meadows; I
have two houses; I have a vineyard, an orchard, a garden, h-m! h-m!  I
have this and that!'  The next day a little fit lays hold of him,
and--good-evening.  Mad, mad! who is not mad?  Let us go, Hullin; the
sight of this unfortunate who talks to the winds, and of his raven that
croaks of famine, makes my teeth chatter."

They entered the passage, and the daylight almost blinded Hullin.
Happily, the great height of his companion standing in front of him,
prevented his becoming giddy.

"Lean firmly," said Marc; "imitate me: the right hand in the hole, the
right foot on the step, turn a bit--here we are!"

They returned to the kitchen, where Hexe-Baizel told them that Yégof
was in the ruins of the old _Burg_.

"We knew it," replied Marc: "we have just seen him breathing the fresh
air over there.  Each man to his taste."

Just then the raven Hans, sailing above the abyss, passed the door with
a hoarse cry; they heard the frost crackling on the bushes, and the
madman appeared upon the terrace.  He was haggard; and after glancing
toward the hearth, cried out--"Marc Divès, clear out quickly.  I warn
thee I am tired of this disorder.  The fortifications of my domains
ought to be free.  I cannot allow vermin to lodge where I am;
consequently, thou must make thy arrangements."  Then perceiving
Jean-Claude, his face brightened--"Thou here, Hullin?" said he, "Art
thou at length clear-sighted enough to accept the proposals that I have
condescended to make thee?  Dost thou feel that an alliance such as
mine, is the only resource to preserve thee from the total destruction
of thy race?  If it is so, I congratulate thee; thou showest more sense
than I gave thee credit for."

Hullin could not help laughing.

"No, Yégof, no! heaven has not yet enlightened me, or I might accept
the honor thou wouldst make me.  Besides, Louise is not old enough to
be married."

The madman became again serious and gloomy.  Standing on the edge of
the terrace, his back to the abyss, he seemed quite at home, and his
raven, hovering from right to left, did not trouble him.

He raised his sceptre, frowned, and exclaimed:

"Then this is the second time, Hullin, that I have made my demand, and
for the second time thou darest refuse me.  Now, I will renew it once
again--once, dost thou hear?  Then the fate shall be accomplished!"

Hullin, Marc Divès, and Hexe-Baizel herself burst into fits of laughter.

"He is a great madman," said Hexe-Baizel.

"I think thou art right there," replied the smuggler.  "Poor Yégof!
decidedly he is out of his wits.  But never mind!  Baizel, attend to
me.  Thou must commence melting balls of all sizes.  I am going to
start for Switzerland.  In a week, at latest, the remainder of our
ammunition will be here.  Give me my boots."

Then stamping down his heels, and twisting round his neck a thick scarf
of red wool, he unhooked from the wall one of those dark-green mantles
such as herdsmen wear, threw it over his shoulders, put on an old worn
hat, took a gourd, and shouted: "Don't forget what I have been telling
thee, old woman, or beware!  Let us go, Jean-Claude!"

Hullin followed him on the terrace without wishing good-by to
Hexe-Baizel, who, for her part, did not deign even to go to the
doorstep to see them depart.  When they were come to the base of the
rock, Marc Divès drew up and said, "Thou art going into the mountain
villages, art thou not, Hullin?"

"Yes: that must first be done.  I must warn the wood-cutters,
charcoal-burners, and others, of what is going on."

"Without doubt.  Do not forget Materne of Hengst and his two boys,
Labarbe of Dagsburg, and Jérome of St. Quirin.  Tell them that there
will he powder and balls; that we are of the number, Catherine Lefèvre,
myself, Marc Divès, and all the honest folks of the country."

"Calm thyself, Marc--I know my men."

"Then good-by for the present."

They shook hands warmly.

The smuggler took the path to the right, toward Donon; Hullin that to
the left, toward the Sarre.

They were now at some distance from each other, when Hullin called out
to his comrade: "Hé!  Marc, inform Catherine Lefèvre, as thou passest
by, that all goes on well.  Tell her I am going into the mountains."

The other assented by a nod, and they both continued their different



An extraordinary agitation reigned at that time all along the line of
the Vosges: the tidings of the invasion which was approaching spread
from village to village, and among the farm-houses and woodmen's
cottages of the Hengst and the Nideck.  The hawkers, wagoners, tinkers,
all that floating population which is continually moving from the
mountains to the plains and from the plains to the mountains, brought
every day, from Alsace and the borders of the Rhine, many strange
reports.  "The towns," so these people said, "were being put into a
state of defence; expeditions were being made to provision them with
corn and meat; the roads to Metz, Nancy, Huningue, and Strasbourg were
swarming with convoys.  Everywhere you met powder and ammunition
wagons, cavalry, infantry, artillery, going to their posts.  Marshal
Victor still held the route to Saverne; but the bridges of the
fortresses were already raised from seven in the evening to eight in
the morning."

No one thought that all this could bode any good.  Nevertheless, though
many were seriously afraid of war, and though the old women lifted up
their hands to heaven, crying, "Jesus!  Mary!  Joseph!" the greater
number were preparing the means of defence.  Under such circumstances,
Jean-Claude Hullin was well received by all.

The same day, toward five in the evening, he reached the summit of the
Hengst, and halted with the patriarch of forest-hunters, old Materne.
He spent the night there; for in winter the days are short and the
roads difficult.  Materne promised to keep watch over the defile of the
Zorn, with his two sons Kasper and Frantz, and to reply to the first
signal which was made from the Falkenstein.

On the following day, Jean-Claude started early for Dagsburg, so as to
come to an understanding with his friend Labarbe, the wood-cutter.
They visited together the nearest hamlets, reanimating the love of
country in the people's hearts; and the next day Labarbe accompanied
Hullin into Christ-Nickel's, the anabaptist farmer of Painbach--a
sensible and respectable man, but who could not be prevailed upon to
participate in their glorious enterprise.  Christ-Nickel had only one
reply for all their observations; "It is well, it is just, but the
Bible saith, 'Put up thy sword into its place.  He who lives by the
sword shall perish by the sword.'"  He promised them, however, to pray
for the good cause: it was all they could obtain.

They went from there to Walsch, and had some hearty shakes of the hand
with Daniel Hirsch, a former marine gunner, who agreed to collect all
the people of his district.

At this place Labarbe left Jean-Claude to make his way by himself.

For eight days longer he beat about the mountain, from Soldatenthal, to
Léonsberg, Meienthal, Abreschwiller, Voyer, Loëttenbach, Cirey,
Petit-Mont, and Saint-Sauveur; and on the ninth day he reached St.
Quirin and saw the bootmaker Jérome.  They visited the pass of Blanru
together; after which Hullin, satisfied with what he had done, took his
way to the village.  He had been walking briskly for about two hours,
picturing to himself the life of the camp,--the bivouac, marches and
counter-marches--all that life of a soldier which he had so often
regretted, and which he now saw returning with enthusiasm--when in the
far distance, amidst the shades of the twilight, he perceived the
hamlet of Charmes in a bluish mist, his little cottage sending forth a
scarcely perceptible line of smoke, the small gardens surrounded with
palisades, the stone-covered roofs, and to the left, bordering the
hill, the great farm of Bois-de-Chênes, with the saw-mills of Valtin at
the end of the now dark ravine.

Then suddenly, and without knowing why, his soul was filled with a
great sadness.

He slackened his pace, and thought of the calm, peaceable life he was
abandoning--perhaps forever; of his little room, so warm in the winter,
and cheerful in spring when he opened his windows to the breath of the
woods; of the tic-tac of the old timepiece, and then of Louise, his
good little Louise, spinning in the silence with downcast eyes, and in
the evenings singing some quaint strain with her pure penetrating voice
when they were both feeling weary.  These reflections laid such hold of
him that the slightest objects, every instrument used in his
profession,--the long shining augers, the round-handled hatchet, the
mallets, the little stove, the old closet, the platters of varnished
wood, the ancient figure of Saint Michael nailed to the wall, the old
four-post bed at the bottom of the alcove, the stool, the trunk, the
copper lamp,--all these things impressed themselves on his mind like a
living picture, and the tears came into his eyes.

But it was Louise, his darling child, whom he pitied.  How she would
weep, and implore him to renounce the war!  And how she would hang on
his neck, saying:--"Oh! do not leave me, Papa Jean-Claude!  Oh, I will
love you so much!  Oh, surely you will not abandon me!"

And the honest fellow could see the terror in her beautiful eyes--he
could feel her arms round his neck.  For a moment he fancied that he
might deceive her, make her believe anything, no matter what, and so
account for his absence to her satisfaction; but such means were not in
accordance with his character, and his sadness increased the more.

Arrived at the farm of Bois-de-Chênes, he went in to tell Catherine
Lefèvre that all was going well, and that the mountaineers were only
awaiting the signal.

A quarter of an hour after, Master Jean-Claude came down by the Houx
road in front of his own little house.

Before pushing open the creaking door, the idea struck him to see what
Louise was about at that moment.  He glanced into the little room
through the window: Louise was standing by the curtains of the alcove;
she seemed very animated, arranging, folding and unfolding clothes on
the bed.  Her sweet face beamed with happiness, and her large blue eyes
sparkled with a sort of enthusiasm; she even talked aloud.  Hullin
listened; but a cart happening to pass at the time in the street, he
could hear nothing.  Making a firm resolve, he entered, saying quietly:
"Louise, I have returned."

Immediately the young girl, joyous and skipping like a deer, ran to
embrace him.

"Ah! it is you, Papa Jean-Claude!  I was expecting you.  Mon Dieu! mon
Dieu! how long you stayed away!  At length you are back."

"It was, my child," replied the honest fellow, in a more undecided
tone, putting his stick behind the door and his hat on the table, "it
was because----"

He could say nothing else.

"Yes, yes, you went to see our friends," said Louise, laughing: "I know
all about it--Mamma Lefèvre has told me everything."

"What! thou knowest?  And dost thou not mind?  So much the better, so
much the better!  it shows thy sense.  And I, who fancied thou wouldst
have cried!"

"Cry! and what for, papa Jean-Claude?  Oh, I am courageous; you don't
know me yet--go!"  She put on a resolute air, which made Hullin smile;
but he did not smile long when she continued: "We are going to war--we
are going to fight--we are going to pass up the mountain!"

"Hullo! we are going! we are going!" exclaimed he in astonishment.

"Certainly.  Then are we not going?" said she, regretfully.

"That is to say--I must leave thee for a little time, my child."

"Leave me--oh, no!  I go with thee; it is all agreed upon.  Look, see!
my small parcel is ready, and here is yours, which I have arranged.
Don't trouble yourself, let me alone, and you will be satisfied!"

Hullin could not get over his stupefaction.  "But, Louise," he
exclaimed, "thou canst not think of such a thing.  Consider: we must
pass nights abroad, and march and run; consider the cold, the snow, the
musketry!  It cannot be."

"Come," said the young girl, in a tearful voice, throwing herself into
his arms, "do not pain me!  You are only making fun of your little
Louise.  You cannot forsake her!"

"But thou wilt be much safer here--thou wilt be warm--thou wilt hear
from us every day."

"No, no.  I will not--I must go too.  The cold does not harm me.  Only
too long have I been shut up.  I, too, must breathe a little.  Are not
the birds out of doors?  The robins are out all the winter.  Have I not
known what cold was when I was quite tiny? and hunger also?"

She stamped, and, for the third time, putting her arms round
Jean-Claude's neck,--"Come then, Papa Hullin," said she softly, "Mamma
Lefèvre said yes.  Would you be more naughty than she was?  Ah, if you
only knew how much I love you!"

The good man had sat down and turned away his head, so as not to yield,
and did not allow himself to be embraced.

"Oh, how naughty you are to-day, Papa Jean-Claude!"

"It is for thy sake, my child."

"Well, all the worse.  I will run away after you.  Cold--what is cold?
And if you are wounded--if you ask to see your little Louise for the
last time, and she is not there--near you, to take care of you, and
love you to the end--oh, you must think me very cold-hearted."

She sobbed, and Hullin could not stand it any longer.

"Is it true that Mamma Lefèvre consents?"

"Oh, yes--oh, yes--she told me so.  She said to me,--'Try and make Papa
Jean-Claude decide.  I am willing, and quite satisfied.'"

"Well, what can I do against two of you.  Thou shalt come with us; it
is quite decided."

She gave a scream of delight which ran through the cottage,--"Oh, how
kind you are!"

And with one rub she wiped all her tears away,--"We are going to be
off, to take to the woods and to make war."

"Ah," said Hullin, shaking his head, "I see it now; thou art always the
little gypsy.  As soon try to tame a swallow."

Then making her sit on his knees:--"Louise, it is now twelve years
since I found thee in the snow: thou wast blue, poor little one.  And
when we were in the cottage, near a good fire, and thou wert slowly
reviving, the first thing thou didst was to smile at me.  And since
that time thy will has always been mine.  With that smile thou hast led
me wherever thou wouldst."

Then Louise began again to smile at him, and they embraced each other.
"Now we will look at the packages," he said, sighing.  "Are they well
made, I wonder?"

He approached the bed, and was surprised to see his warmest clothes,
his flannel-waistcoats, all well brushed, folded, and packed; and
Louise's bundle, with her best dresses, petticoats, and stout shoes, in
nice order.  At last he could not help laughing and crying out--"O
gypsy, gypsy! you are the one for making fine bundles, and going away
without ever turning the head."

Louise smiled.  "Are you satisfied?"

"I suppose I must be.  But during all this piece of work, I will
venture to say thou hast never thought of preparing my supper."

"Oh, it will soon be ready.  I did not know you would return this
evening, Papa Jean-Claude."

"That is true, my child.  Bring me something--no matter what--quickly,
for I am hungry.  Meanwhile I shall smoke a pipe."

"Yes, that's it; smoke a pipe."

He sat down on the side of the bench and struck the tinder-box quite
dreamily.  Louise rushed right and left like a sprite, seeing to the
fire, breaking the eggs, and turning out an omelette with surprising
celerity.  Never had she appeared so lively, smiling, and pretty.
Hullin, his elbow on the table and his face in his hand, watched her
gravely, thinking how much will, firmness, and resolution there was in
this girl--as light as a fairy, yet determined as a hussar.  In a few
seconds she served him with the omelette on a large china plate, with
bread, and the glass and bottle.

"There, Papa Jean-Claude, be hungry no longer."  She observed him
eating with a look of tenderness.

The flame sprang up in the stove, lighting clearly the low beams, the
wooden stair in the shadow, the bed at the end of the alcove, the whole
of the abode, so often cheered by the joyous humor of the shoemaker,
the little songs of his daughter, and the industry of both.  And all
this Louise was leaving without any hesitation: she cared only for the
woods, the snow-covered paths, and the endless mountains, reaching from
the village into Switzerland, and even beyond.  Ah, Master Jean-Claude
had reason to cry "gypsy, gypsy!"  The swallow cannot be tamed: it
needs the open air, the broad sky--continual motion.  Neither storms,
nor wind, nor rain in torrents frighten it, when the hour of its
departure is at hand.  It has only one thought, one desire, one
cry--"Let us away!  Let us away."

The meal finished, Hullin rose and said to his daughter, "I am tired,
my child; kiss me, and let us go to bed."

"Yes; but do not forget to awake me, Papa Jean-Claude, if you start
before daybreak."

"Do not trouble thyself.  It is understood thou shalt come with us."
And seeing her mount the stair and disappear in the garret: "Isn't she
afraid of stopping in the nest, that's all!" said he to himself.

The silence was great outdoors.  Eleven o'clock had struck from the
village church.  The good man was sitting down to take off his boots,
when he caught sight of his musket suspended above the door: he took it
down, wiped it, and drew the trigger.  His whole soul was intent on the
business in hand.

"It is all right," he murmured: and then in a grave tone: "It is
curious....  The last time I held it ... at Marengo ... was fourteen
years ago, and yet it seems like yesterday!"

Suddenly the hardened snow cracked under a quick footstep.  He
listened: "Someone!"  At the same time two little sharp taps resounded
on the panes.  He ran to the window and opened it.  The head of Marc
Divès, with his broad hat stiff with the frost, bent forward from the

"Well, Marc, what news?"

"Hast thou warned the mountaineers--Materne, Jérome, Labarbe?"

"Yes, all."

"It was time: the enemy has passed."


"Yes, along the whole line.  I have walked fifteen leagues through the
snow since this morning to announce it to thee."

"Good; the signal must be given: a great fire on the Falkenstein."

Hullin was very pale.  He put on his boots.  Two minutes later, his
large blouse on his shoulders and his stick in his hand, he softly
opened the door, and with long strides followed Marc Divès on the way
to the Falkenstein.



From midnight till six in the morning a flame shone through the
darkness on the summit of the Falkenstein, and the whole mountain was
on the alert.

All the friends of Hullin, Marc Divès, and of Mother Lefèvre, their
long gaiters on their legs and old muskets on their shoulders,
journeyed, through the silent woods, toward the gorges of the Valtin.
The thought of the enemy traversing the plains of Alsace to surprise
the passes, was present to the minds of all.  The tocsins of Dagsburg,
Abreschwiller, Walsch, and St. Quirin, and of all the other villages,
began to call the defenders of the country to arms.

Now you must picture to yourself the Jägerthal, at the foot of the old
castle, in unusually snowy weather, at that early hour when the clumps
of trees begin to creep out of the shadow, and when the extreme cold of
night softens at the approach of day.  Picture, also, to yourself the
old Sawyerie, with its flat roof, its heavy wheel burdened with
icicles, the low interior dimly lit up by a pine-wood fire, whose blaze
fades away in the glimmer of the coming dawn; and, around the fire, fur
bonnets, caps, and black profiles, gazing one over the other, and
squeezing close together like a wall; and farther on, in the woods,
more fires lighting up groups of men and women squatting in the snow.

The agitation began to decrease.  As the sky became grayer the people
recognized each other.

"Ah, it is Cousin Daniel of Soldatenthal.  You have come too?"

"Yes, as you see, Heinrich, with my wife also."

"What, Cousin Nanette!  Where is she?"

"Down there, near the old oak, by Uncle Hans' fire."

They shook hands.  Many could be heard yawning loudly: others threw on
the fire bits of planks.  The gourds went round; some retired from the
circles to make room for their shivering neighbors.  Meanwhile the
crowd began to grow impatient.

"Ah," cried some, "we did not come here only to get our feet warmed.
It is time to see and come to an understanding."

"Yes, yes!  Let them hold a council, and name the chiefs."

"No; everybody is not yet arrived.  See, there are more coming from
Dagsburg and St. Quirin."

Indeed, the lighter it became, the more people could be seen hastening
along all the mountain paths.  At that time there must have been many
hundreds of men in the valley--wood-cutters, charcoal-burners,
raftsmen--without counting the women and children.

Nothing could be more picturesque than that gathering in the midst of
the snows, in the depths of the defile, closed in as it was by tall
pines losing themselves in the clouds.  To the right, the valleys
opening away into each other as far as the eye could reach; to the
left, the ruins of the Falkenstein rising into the sky.  From a
distance one would have said it was a flock of cranes settled on the
ice; but, nearer, these hardy men could be distinguished, with stiff
beards bristling like a boar, gloomy fierce eyes, broad square
shoulders, and horny hands.  Some few, taller than the rest, belonged
to the fiery race of red men, white-skinned, and hairy to the tips of
their fingers, with strength enough to pull an oak up by the roots.
Among this number was old Materne of Hengst, with his two sons Kasper
and Frantz.  These sturdy fellows--all three armed with little rifles
from Innsprück--having blue cloth gaiters with leathern buttons
reaching above their knees, their loins girdled with goat-skin, and
their felt hats coming down low over their necks--did not deign to
approach the fire.  For an hour they had been sitting on a trunk by the
river-side, on the watch, with their feet in the snow.  From time to
time the old man would say to his sons, "What do they shiver for over
there?  I never knew a milder night for the season: it is nothing--the
rivers are not even touched."

All the forest-hunters of the country passing by came to shake hands
with them, then congregated round them and formed a circle apart.
These fellows spoke little, being used to silence for whole days and
nights, for fear of frightening away their game.

Marc Divès, standing in the middle of another group, a head taller than
any of them, spoke and gesticulated--pointing now to one part of the
mountain, now to another.  In front of him was the old herdsman
Lagarmitte, with his large gray smock, a long bark trumpet on his
shoulder, and his dog at his feet.  He listened to the smuggler,
open-mouth, and kept on bowing his head.  The others all seemed
attentive: they were composed of charcoal-burners and wood-carriers,
with whom the smuggler had daily intercourse.

Between the saw-mills and the first fire, on the bridge over the dam,
sat the bootmaker Jérome of St. Quirin--a man of from fifty to sixty
years of age, with a long brown face, hollow eyes, big nose--his ears
covered with a badger-skin cap--and a yellow beard reaching to his
waist in a peak.  His hands, enveloped in great green woollen gloves,
were clasped over an immense stick of knotty service-tree.  He wore a
long sackcloth hood; and might easily have been taken for a hermit.  At
every rumor that arose, Father Jérome would slowly turn his head, and
try to catch what it was, frowning.

Jean Labarbe, grasping his axe, remained immovable.  He was a
white-faced man, with an aquiline nose and thin lips.  He exercised
great influence over the men of Dagsburg, owing to his resolution and
the clearness of his ideas.  When they shouted around him, "We must
deliberate; we cannot stay here doing nothing," he simply contented
himself with saying, "Let us wait: Hullin has not arrived, nor
Catherine Lefèvre.  There is no hurry."  Everybody then was silenced,
and looked impatiently toward the path from Charmes.

The sawyer Piorette--a small, brisk, thin, energetic man, whose black
eyebrows met above his eyes--stood on the threshold of his hut, with
his pipe between his teeth, contemplating the general appearance of
this scene.

Meanwhile, the impatience increased every moment.  Some village
mayors--in square-cut coats and three-cornered hats--advanced in the
direction of the saw-mills, calling on their communes to come and
decide what was to be done.  Most fortunately, at last Catherine
Lefèvre's cart appeared, and a thousand enthusiastic shouts arose on
all sides:

"There they are! they come!"

Old Materne gravely mounted on a trunk and quietly descended, saying,
"It is they."

Great agitation showed itself.  The farthest groups gathered together
in one crowd.  A sort of impatient shiver passed over the mass.
Scarcely has the old farmer's wife become visible, whip in hand, on her
straw box with little Louise, than from all parts came cries of "Vive
la France!  Vive la mère Catherine!"

Hullin, who had remained behind, his broad hat pushed back, his musket
slung across his shoulder, was now crossing the meadow of Eichmath,
distributing vigorous shakes of the hand: "Good-day, Daniel; good-day,
Colon.  Good-day--good-day!"

"Ah! it is going to be warm, Hullin."

"Yes--yes; we are going to hear the chestnuts popping this winter.
Good-day, my old Jérome!  We have serious business on hand."

"Yes, Jean-Claude.  We must hope to pull through it by the grace of

Catherine, on arriving at the saw-works, told Labarbe to set on the
ground a keg of brandy which she had brought away from the farm, and to
get a jug from the sawyer's cottage.

Soon after, Hullin, coming up to the fire, met Materne and his two sons.

"You have come late," said the old hunter.

"Ah! yes.  What was to be done?  I had to descend the Falkenstein, get
my gun, and start the women.  But as we are now here, let us lose no
more time; Lagarmitte, blow thy horn, so that all the men may assemble.
The first thing is to appoint the leaders."

Lagarmitte blew his long trumpet, his cheeks puffed out to his ears:
then those who were still on the hill-sides or paths hastened their
pace to be in time.  Soon all those brave fellows were assembled in
front of the saw-works.  Hullin got up on a pile of tree-trunks, and
looking seriously upon the crowd, said, amidst deep silence: "The enemy
crossed the Rhine the day before yesterday: they are marching over the
mountain into Lorraine: Strasbourg and Huningue are blockaded.  We may
expect to see the Germans and Prussians in three or four days."

There was a loud shout of "Vive la France!"


"Yes, vive la France!" continued Hullin; "for if the allies enter Paris
they can do what they choose; they can re-establish statute-labor,
tithes, convents, monopolies, and the gallows.  If you wish to see that
over again, you have only to let them pass."

It would be impossible to depict the savage fierceness of the audience
at that moment.

"That is what I had to tell you," cried Hullin, quite white.  "Since
you are here, it can only be to fight."

"Yes, yes."

"It is well; but listen to me.  I will be open with you.  Among you are
fathers of families.  We shall be one against ten, against fifty: we
must expect to perish.  So let the men who have not reflected on it,
who feel they have not heart to do their duty to the end, go--none will
take notice of them.  Each man is free."

Then he paused and looked around him.  Everybody remained stationary:
then with a firmer voice, he concluded thus: "No one goes away; you are
all, all resolved to fight.  Well, I am rejoiced to see there is not
one coward among us.  Now a leader must be chosen.  In great dangers,
the first thing is order and discipline.  The leader you are going to
name will have the right of commanding and being obeyed.  So reflect
seriously, for on that man will hang the fate of you all."

So saying, Jean-Claude descended from the tree-trunk, and the agitation
became extreme.  Every village deliberated apart by itself--every mayor
proposed his friend--and the hours wore on.  Catherine Lefèvre was
burning with impatience.  At length she could no longer contain
herself, and standing up on her bench, signed that she was going to

Catherine was held in great esteem.  At first only a few, then a larger
number approached to know what she wished to communicate.

"My friends," said she, "we are losing time.  What do you wish for?  A
trustworthy man, is it not so? a soldier--a man who has seen service,
and who knows how to profit by our positions?  Well, why do you not
choose Hullin?  Can any one find a better?  If so, let him speak, and
we will decide.  I propose Jean-Claude Hullin.  Hé! do you hear--over
there?  If this continues, the Austrians will have arrived before a
leader has been decided on."

"Yes,--yes!  Hullin!" shouted Labarbe, Divès, Jérome, and several
others.  "Let us see how many are for and against him."

Then Marc Divès, clambering on to the trunks, cried out in a voice like
thunder: "Those who do not want Jean-Claude Hullin for leader must lift
up their hands."

Not one hand was uplifted.

"Those who want Jean-Claude Hullin for their leader must raise their

Every hand was put up.

"Jean-Claude," said the smuggler, "mount up here, look--they have
chosen you for their leader."

Master Jean-Claude having done so, saw he was named, and said
immediately in a stern voice: "Good! you name me to be your chief.  I
accept!  Let Materne the elder, Labarbe of Dagsburg, Jérome of St.
Quirin, Marc Divès, Piorette the sawyer, and Catherine Lefèvre, come
into the saw-works.  We are going to take counsel.  In a quarter of an
hour or twenty minutes, I shall give my orders.  Meanwhile, each
village must put two men under the orders of Marc Divès, to fetch
powder and ball from the Falkenstein."



The persons indicated by Jean-Claude Hullin met together in the shed of
the Sawyerie, before the great fireplace; a species of good-humor
beaming on their faces.

"For twenty years have I heard speak of the Russians, Austrians, and
Cossacks," said old Materne, smiling, "and I shall not be sorry to see
a few within reach of my musket: it gives a change to one's ideas."

"Yes," replied Labarbe, "we shall see queer things; the little children
of the mountains will be able to relate something of what their fathers
and grandfathers did!  And the old women, of an evening--won't they
tell long tales in fifty years' time?"

"Comrades," said Hullin, "you know the whole country: you have the
mountain under your eyes from Thann to Wissembourg.  You know that the
great roads, imperial roads--traverse Alsace and the Vosges.  They both
commence at Bâle: one runs along the Rhine to Strasbourg, from whence
it ascends to Saverne and enters Lorraine.  Huningue, Neuf-Brisach,
Strasbourg, and Phalsbourg defend it.  The other turns to the left and
passes by Schlestadt: at Schlestadt it enters the mountain and reaches
Saint-Dié, Raon-l'Etape, Baccarat, and Lunéville.  The enemy will want
to force these two roads first,--being the best for cavalry, artillery,
and baggage,--but as they are defended, we need not trouble ourselves
about them.  If the allies besiege the fortresses--which would lengthen
the campaign--we have nothing to fear; but it is not probable they will
do so.  After having summoned Huningue to surrender, Belfort,
Schlestadt, Strasbourg, and Phalsbourg, on this side the
Vosges--Bitsche, Lutzelstein, and Sarrebrück on the other--I imagine
they will fall upon us.  Now attend to me.  Between Phalsbourg and
Saint-Die, there are several defiles for the infantry; but there is
only one way practicable for cannon: this is the road from Strasbourg
to Raon-les-Leaux by Urmatt, Mutzig, Lutzelhouse, Phramond,
Grandfontaine.  Once masters of this passage, the allies will be able
to come out on Lorraine.  This road passes the Donon, two leagues from
here, on our right The first thing to be done is to make a firm stand
there, in the most favorable part for defence, that is to say, on the
plateau of the mountain; to intersect it, to break down the bridges,
and to erect solid breastworks across it.  A few hundreds of great
trees across the road with all their branches are worth as much as
ramparts.  They are the best ambuscades: one is well sheltered behind
them and can see everything coming.  Those large trees hold like death.
They must be taken away piece by piece; bridges cannot be thrown over
them:--in fact it is the best thing to be done.  All that, comrades,
must be accomplished to-morrow evening, or next day at the latest.  I
charge myself with it.  But it is not sufficient to occupy a position
and put it in a good state of defence: it must be so managed that the
enemy shall not be able to turn it."

"I was just thinking of that," said Materne.  "Once in the valley of
Bruche, the Germans can march with their infantry into the hills of
Haslack and turn our left.  Nothing can prevent their trying the same
manoeuvre on our right, if they reach Raon-l'Etape."

"Yes, but to take these ideas out of their heads, we have a very simple
thing to do: it is to occupy the defiles of the Zorn and the Sarre on
our left, and that of Blanru on our right.  One can only keep a defile
by holding the heights; that is why Piorette must place himself with a
hundred men on the side of Raon-les-Leaux; Jérome on the Grosmann, with
the same number, to close the valley of the Sarre; and Labarbe, at the
head of the remainder on the great slopes to watch over the hills of
Haslach.  You must choose your men from those of the nearest villages.
The women ought not to have a long distance to carry provisions; and
then the wounded will be nearer their homes, which must also be thought
of.  There is all I have to say to you just now.  The chiefs of posts
must take care to send me every day on the Donon, where I shall
establish our head-quarters this evening, a good walker, to inform me
of what happens, and to receive the countersign.  We shall also
organize a reserve; but as we must make haste, we will speak of that
when you are all in position, and there is no longer cause to fear a
surprise from the enemy."

"And I," exclaimed Marc Divès, "I shall have nothing to do then?  I am
to remain with my arms folded, watching the others fight?"

"Thou--thou art to survey the transport of ammunition.  None of us know
how to treat the powder as thou dost, to preserve it from fire and
damp, to melt the balls, and make cartridges."

"But it is woman's work, that is," exclaimed the smuggler.
"Hexe-Baizel could do it as well as I.  What! am I not even to fire

"Softly, Marc," replied Hullin, laughing; "occasions will not be
wanting.  In the first place, the Falkenstein is the centre of our
line; it is our arsenal and our retreating place in case of misfortune.
The enemy will know through his spies that our convoys come from there;
he will try, probably, to take them: the balls and bayonet-thrusts will
come in thy way.  Besides, to have thee in safety will be all the
better, for thy cellars and caves must not be confided to the first
comer.  But if thou really wouldst like----"

"No," said the smuggler, who had been touched by Hullin's reference to
his caves--"no! all things considered, I believe thou art right,
Jean-Claude.  I have my men--they are well armed--we will defend the
Falkenstein; and if the opportunity of firing a shot should present
itself, I shall be all the freer."

"Then that is a decided and well-understood business?" demanded Hullin.

"Yes, yes, it is decided."

"Well, comrades," said the worthy fellow, joyously, "let us warm
ourselves with a few good glasses of wine.  It is ten o'clock; let each
one return to his village, and make his preparations.  To-morrow
morning all the defiles must be vigorously occupied."

They quitted the shed, and Hullin, in the presence of his followers,
named Labarbe, Jérome, and Piorette chiefs of the defiles: then he told
those of the Sarre to assemble as soon as possible near the farm of
Bois-de-Chênes, with axes, mattocks, and muskets.  "We shall leave at
two o'clock, and encamp on the Donon across the route," said he to
them.  "To-morrow, at dawn, we will begin the breastworks."

He retained Materne and his two sons Frantz and Kasper, announcing to
them that the battle would commence undoubtedly on the Donon, and that
good shots would be wanted on that side, which gave them pleasure.

Mistress Lefèvre had never looked happier than when she got into her
cart again, and, kissing Louise, said in her ear:--"All goes well.
Jean-Claude is a man: he sees everything; he draws people to him.  I
have known him forty years, yet he surprises even me."  Then turning
round--"Jean-Claude," cried she, "we have a ham waiting for us down
there and a few old bottles, which the Germans shall not drink."

"No, Catherine, they shall not drink them.  Go on, I am coming."

But just as they were starting, and when already a number of
mountaineers were climbing the hillsides to regain their villages,
quite in the distance, on the path of Trois-Fontaines, appeared a large
thin man on a big roan cob, with a flat-brimmed cap of rabbit-skin
covering the whole back of his neck: a great sheep-dog with a black
shaggy coat bounded along near him; and the ends of his enormous
surtout flapped behind him like wings.  Every one cried out,--"It is
Doctor Lorquin from the plain--the one who attends poor people gratis.
He comes with his dog Pluto.  He is a good man."

In fact he it was.  He galloped on, shouting, "Halt! stop! halt!"  And
his red face, sharp eyes, red-brown beard, broad shoulders, great horse
and dog, all cleaved the air and grew upon the view.  In two seconds he
had reached the foot of the mountain, crossed the meadow, and appeared
at the bridge, before the shed.  Instantly, in breathless tones, he
began to say:--"Ah! the cunning rogues who want to enter on a campaign
without me; they shall pay for it!"  And tapping a small box he carried
at his crupper,--"Listen, my good fellows, listen!  I have something
inside there of which you shall give me an account: every description
of knife, large, small, round and pointed, to take from you the balls
and shot of all kinds which you are going to be regaled with!"
Whereupon he burst out laughing, and all those near him felt a cold
shiver in all their veins.

Having delivered himself of this pleasantry, Doctor Lorquin continued
in a graver tone:--"Hullin, I must pull your ears!  What, when the
country has to be defended, you forget me! others have to warn me.  It
appears to me, however, that a doctor will not be out of the way here.
I must call you to account."

"Pardon me, doctor, I was wrong," said Hullin, squeezing his hand.
"During the last week so many things have happened!  One does not
always think of everything; and besides, such a man as you are, need
not be told how to fulfil his duty."

The doctor was appeased.

"All that is right and good," he cried; "but nevertheless by your fault
I am too late; the good places are taken, the crosses distributed.
Come, where is the general, that I may make complaints to him?"

"I am the general."

"Oh! oh! really?"

"Yes, doctor, I am the general; and I promote you to be our head

"Chief surgeon of the partisans of the Vosges!  Well, it suits me.  No
malice now, Jean-Claude."

Approaching the cart, the worthy man told Catherine that he relied on
her for the organization of the ambulances.

"Everything shall be ready, doctor," replied the farm-mistress.
"Louise and I are going to set to work this evening.  Is it not so,

"Oh, yes, Mamma Lefèvre," said she, enchanted to perceive that the
campaign was going to begin.  "We shall work well; we will spend the
night at it even.  M. Lorquin shall be well pleased with us."

"Well, then, let us go.  You will dine with us, doctor?"

They trotted away.  While keeping pace with them, the good doctor
related to Catherine laughingly how the tidings of the general rising
had reached him; the affliction of his old housekeeper, Marie, who
wanted to prevent his going to be massacred by the "kaiserlichs," and
the various episodes of his journey from Quibolo to the village of
Charmes.  Hullin, Materne, and his sons were coming on behind, their
carbines on their shoulders; and thus they ascended the hill-side
toward the farm of Bois-de-Chênes.



You can imagine the animation at the farm, the bustling of the
domestics, the shouts of enthusiasm, the chinking of glasses and forks,
the joy depicted on all faces, when Jean-Claude, Doctor Lorquin, the
Maternes, and all those who had followed the cart of Catherine Lefèvre
were installed in the large room around a magnificent ham, and began to
celebrate their future triumphs, glass in hand.

It was on a Tuesday, baking-day at the farm.  Excitement had prevailed
in the kitchen all the morning: old Duchêne, with shirt-sleeves turned
up and a cotton cap on his head, was taking out of the oven numberless
loaves of bread, the good odor of which pervaded the whole house.
Annette received them and piled them on the hearth; Louise waited on
the guests; and Catherine Lefèvre superintended everything, crying
out,--"Make haste, my children--make haste!  The third batch must be
ready when the men from the Sarre arrive.  It will make six pounds of
bread for each man."

Hullin, from his seat, watched the movements of the old farm-mistress.

"What a woman!" said he; "what a woman!  She forgets nothing.  Could
one find another such in the whole country?  To the health of Catherine

"To the health of Catherine Lefèvre!" replied the others.

The glasses met together, and they began again to talk over combats,
assaults, and intrenchments.  Each one felt animated with an invincible
confidence; every one said in himself, "All will go well!"

But heaven had in store for them yet another satisfaction on that day,
especially for Louise and the Mother Lefèvre.  About noon, just as a
beautiful gleam of winter sunshine whitened the snow and made the frost
melt on the window-panes, and the great cock, putting his head out of
his coop, uttered his triumphant crow, flapping his wings--just then
the watch-dog, old "Yohan," half blind and toothless, began to bark so
joyously and plaintively, that everyone listened with the greatest
attention.  The kitchen was all excitement with the fourth batch coming
out of the oven, and even Catherine Lefèvre herself stopped.

"Something is going on," said she, in a low voice: and then added, all
trembling, "Since my boy left, Yohan has never barked like that."

At the same moment, rapid steps traversed the court.  Louise sprang
toward the door, crying,--"It is he!  It is he!" and almost immediately
a hand tried to hasp.  The door opened, and a soldier appeared on the
threshold; but such a soldier, so worn, so bronzed, so emaciated! his
gray hood, with its pewter buttons, so ragged--his high leathern
gaiters so torn, that all present were astonished.

He appeared unable to advance a step farther, and slowly put the
butt-end of his musket on the ground.  The tip of his aquiline
nose--the nose of Mother Lefèvre--shone like bronze; his red mustaches
shook like one of those great lean hawks which are forced by hunger to
come to the very doors of the stables in winter.  He looked into the
kitchen, pale beneath the brown coating of his cheeks, and with his
great hollow eyes filled with tears, he seemed unable to advance or say
a word.

Outside, the old dog leaped, whined, and shook his chain; in the
interior, one could hear the fire blazing, so great was the silence;
but soon Catherine Lefèvre, with a piercing voice,
exclaimed,--"Gaspard! my child!  It is thou!"

"Yes, my mother," replied the soldier, softly, as though suffocating.

And at the same moment Louise began to weep, while in the great room
there arose a shout like thunder.  All the friends ran out, Master
Jean-Claude at their head, crying,--"Gaspard!  Gaspard Lefèvre!"

Then they saw Gaspard and his mother embracing each other.  This
strong, courageous woman was weeping: he did not weep; he held her
pressed to his breast, his red mustaches mingling with her gray locks,
and murmured,--"My mother!--my mother!  Ah, how often have I thought of
you!"  Then, in a louder voice, he said, "Louise!  Where is Louise?  I
saw Louise!"  And Louise threw herself into his arms, and their kisses
were mingled together.  "Ah, thou didst not recognize me, Louise!"

"Oh, yes!--oh, yes!  I knew thee, even by thy step!"

Old Duchêne, with his cotton cap in his hands, stammered out by the
fireplace,--"Lord! is it possible?  My poor child!  What does he look

He had brought up Gaspard, and always fancied him, ever since his
departure, fresh and ruddy in a beautiful uniform with red facings.  It
completely deranged his ideas to see him otherwise.

At that moment Hullin, raising his voice, said,--"And the rest of us,
Gaspard,--thy old friends--art thou not going to take notice of us?"

Then the brave fellow turned round and exclaimed with
enthusiasm,--"Hullin!  Doctor Lorquin!  Materne!  Frantz!  Why, they
are all here!"

And the embraces recommenced, but this time more joyously, with shouts
of laughter and shaking of hands that seemed endless.

"Ah, doctor, it is you!  Ah, my old father, Jean-Claude!"

They looked closely at each other, with bright, beaming faces, and went
arm-in-arm up and down the great room; and Mother Catherine with the
knapsack, Louise with the gun, and Duchêne with the shako, followed
them, laughing and drying their cheeks and eyes--nothing had ever been
seen like it before.

"Let us sit down and drink!" exclaimed Doctor Lorquin.  "This is the
bouquet of the feast."

"Ah, my poor Gaspard, how happy I am to behold thee safe and sound,"
said Hullin.  "Ha, ha!  Without flattery, I like thee better as thou
art now than with thy great red cheeks.  Parbleu! thou art a man now.
Thou remindest me of the old fellows of my time, those of the Sambre
and Egypt--ha, ha, ha! we had not round noses, we were not sleek and
fat; we looked like lean rats watching a cheese, and our teeth were
long and white!"

"Yes, yes, that does not surprise me, Papa Jean-Claude.  Come, let us
sit down; we can talk more at ease.  Ah, now, why are you all at the

"What, dost thou not know?  All the country is up, from Houpe to
Saint-Sauveur, to defend itself."

"Yes, the anabaptist of Painbach just mentioned it as I passed.  It is
then true?"

"It is true.  Everybody is in it; and I am the general in chief."

"Excellent--excellent!  That these rogues of 'kaiserlichs' should not
carry everything with a high hand in our own country gives me pleasure.
But hand me the knife.  Anyway one is happy to find one's self at home
again.  Hé!  Louise, come here and sit down a little while.  Look, Papa
Jean-Claude: with this girl on one side of me, the ham on the other,
and the bottle to the front, I should not need a fortnight to pick up
again; and my comrades would not know me when I joined the company."

Everybody was now sitting down and astonished to see with what appetite
the brave fellow ate and drank, while regarding Louise and his mother
tenderly, and replying to one and the other, without losing a single

The farm-people, Duchêne, Annette, Robin, and Dubourg, arranged in a
half-circle, watched Gaspard in ecstasies; Louise refilled his glass;
the Mother Lefèvre, seated by the stove, got up and went to his
knapsack, and, on only finding two old black shirts with holes wide
enough to put one's, hand through, with worn-out shoes and a bit of wax
for cartridges, a comb with two teeth and an empty bottle, she lifted
her hands to heaven and hastening to open the linen chest, saying,
"Lord, can one be astonished that so many die of sheer want!"

Doctor Lorquin, in presence of such a vigorous appetite, rubbed his
hands joyfully, and murmured to himself, "What a sturdy fellow!  What a
digestion!  What a set of teeth!  He could crunch pebbles like nuts."

And even old Materne said to his sons:--"In other days, after two or
three days of hunting in the high mountains in winter, I also used to
feel the hunger of a wolf, and to eat a haunch of venison right off:
now I am getting old, one or two pounds of meat are sufficient for
me---which shows what age does."

Hullin had lit his pipe, and seemed in a reverie: evidently something
worried him.  After a few minutes, seeing that Gaspard's appetite was
less lively, he brusquely asked, "Say, then, Gaspard, without
interrupting thyself, how the devil hast thou managed to come?  We
believed that thou wast still on the borders of the Rhine, on the
Strasbourg side."

"Ah! ah! old soldier, I comprehend," said young Lefèvre, winking.
"There are so many deserters, are there not?"

"Oh! such an idea would never enter my head, and yet----"

"You would not be sorry to know that I had done nothing wrong?  I
cannot blame you, Papa Jean-Claude: you are right.  He who is missing
at the roll-call when the 'kaiserlichs' are in France, deserves to be
shot.  Be composed, here is my leave."

Hullin, who possessed no false delicacy, read,--"Leave for twenty-four
hours to the grenadier Gaspard Lefèvre, of the 2d of the 1st.  This
day, 3d January, 1814.--GEMEAU, Head of Battalion."

"Good, good," exclaimed he.  "Put that carefully in thy knapsack, thou
mightest lose it."

All his good-humor had returned:--"Do you see, my children, I know what
love is?  There is both good and bad in it: but it is particularly bad
for young soldiers who come too close to their village after a
campaign.  They are capable of forgetting themselves and of not
returning unless in company of two or three gendarmes.  I have seen it.
But come, since everything is in order, let us drink a glass of
'rikevir.'  What say you, Catherine?  The men of the Sarre may arrive
at any moment, and we have not an instant to lose?"

"You are right, Jean-Claude," replied the old farm-mistress sadly.
"Annette, go down and bring three bottles from the small cellar."

The servant obeyed quickly.

"But this leave, Gaspard," continued Catherine--"how long has it

"I received it yesterday, at eight in the evening, at Vasselonne, my
mother.  The regiment is retreating on Lorraine; I must rejoin it this
evening at Phalsbourg."

"It is well; thou hast still seven hours; thou wilt not need more than
six to reach there, although there is much snow on the Foxthal."

The good woman came and sat down again by her son, with a full heart.
Every one was moved.  Louise, with her arm on the old tattered epaulet
of Gaspard and her cheek against his, was sobbing.  Hullin emptied the
ashes from his pipe at the end of the table, frowning, without saying
anything; but when the bottles arrived and were uncorked, "Come,
Louise," said he, "take courage! this cannot last forever; it must end
in one way or another, and I venture to affirm that it will end well.
Gaspard will come back to us, and then we shall have the wedding."

He refilled the glasses, and Catherine dried her eyes, murmuring, "To
think that those brigands are the cause of all this.  Ah! let them
come--let them come here!"

They all drank with a melancholy air; but the old "rikevir," entering
the hearts of these brave people quickly enlivened them.  Gaspard,
stronger than he had appeared at first, began to relate the terrible
battles of Bautzen, Lutzen, Leipzig, and Hanau, where the conscripts
had fought like tried soldiers, winning victory after victory, till
traitors began to appear.

Every one listened in silence.  Louise, when he spoke of any great
danger--of the passage over rivers under the enemy's fire, or the
taking of a battery by the bayonet--squeezed his arm as though to
defend him.  Jean-Claude's eyes sparkled; the doctor demanded each time
the position of the ambulance; Materne and his sons stretched out their
necks and clinched their jaws; and with help of the old wine the
enthusiasm increased every moment.  "Ah, the rascals! ah, the brigands!
But look out! it is not over yet."

Mother Lefèvre admired the courage and luck of her son in the midst of
these events, which will be remembered centuries to come.  But when
Lagarmitte, looking solemn and grave in his long gray cloth coat, with
his broad black felt on his white head, and with his bark trumpet on
his shoulder, crossed the kitchen, and appeared at the entrance to the
large room, saying,--"The men of the Sarre are come,"--then all this
enthusiasm, disappeared, and the company rose, thinking of the terrible
struggle which would soon take place in the mountains.

Louise, throwing her arms round Gaspard's neck, cried, "Gaspard, do not
go away!  Remain with us!"

He became very pale.

"I am a soldier," said he.  "I am called, Gaspard Lefèvre.  I love thee
a thousand times more than my own life; but a Lefèvre only knows his

And he unwound her arms.  Louise then, sinking on the table, began to
moan aloud.  Gaspard rose.  Hullin stood between them, and grasping his
hands tightly, with trembling lips, said: "Excellently well!  Thou hast
spoken like a man."

His mother came forward with a calm countenance to buckle his knapsack
on his shoulders.  She did it with knitted eyebrows and pressed lips,
without one sigh escaping her; but two great tears slowly ran down the
wrinkles of her cheeks.  And when she had done it, she turned away, and
with her sleeve over her eyes, said: "It is well!  Go--go, my child!
thy mother blesses thee.  Whatever thy fortune thou wilt yet not be
lost to us.  Look, Gaspard: there is thy place--there between Louise
and myself--thou wilt always be there.  This poor child is not old
enough yet to know that to live is to suffer."

Everybody left; only Louise remained lamenting in the room.  A few
seconds later, as the butt end of the musket sounded on the slabs of
the kitchen, and the outer door was opened, she gave a piercing shriek,
and darted after him.

"Gaspard, Gaspard, look!  I will be courageous; I will not cry; I will
not keep thee back.  Oh, no; but do not leave me in anger.  Have pity
on me!"

"Angry! angry with thee, my Louise!  Oh, no!  But to see thee so
unhappy breaks my heart.  Ah! if thou wert a little braver now, I
should feel happier."

"Well, I am.  Let us kiss each other!  See, I am no longer the same.  I
would be like Maman Lefèvre."

They calmly gave each other a parting embrace, Hullin held the gun;
Catherine motioned with her hands, as though to say, "Go, go! it is
enough!"  And he, suddenly seizing his musket, walked away resolutely,
without looking back.

On the other side, the men of the Sarre, with their axes and hatchets,
were climbing the steep ascent of the Valtin.

Five minutes later, on passing by the great oak, Gaspard turned round,
lifting his hands.  Catherine and Louise replied to it.  Hullin
advanced to meet his people.  Doctor Lorquin alone remained with the
women; and when Gaspard, continuing his way, had disappeared, he
exclaimed, "Catherine Lefèvre, you can pride yourself on having an
affectionate son.  God grant him good fortune!"

And the distant voices of the new-comers could be heard laughing among
themselves, as they were marching to war as gayly as to a wedding.



As Hullin, at the head of the mountaineers, was taking his measures for
the defence of his country, the madman Yégof, with his tin crown, that
sad spectacle of humanity shorn of its noblest attribute,
intelligence--the madman Yégof, his breast exposed to the fierce wind,
his feet bare, reckless of cold, like the reptile in his prison, was
wandering from mountain to mountain, in the midst of the snows of
winter.  How comes it that the madman is able to resist the sharpest
severity of the atmosphere, while an intelligent being would succumb to
it?  Does it arise from a more powerful concentration of life, a more
rapid circulation of the blood, a state of continued fever?  Or is it
the effect of the extraordinary excitement of the senses, or any other
unknown cause?

Science tells us nothing.  She admits only material causes, without
giving an account of such phenomena.

So Yégof went on at random, and night came.  The cold was redoubled,
the fox gnashed his teeth in the pursuit of an invisible prey; the
famished buzzard fell back with empty claws among the bushes, uttering
a cry of distress.  He, with his raven on his shoulder, gesticulating,
jabbering, as if in a dream, kept walking on, from Holderloch to
Sonneberg, from Sonneberg to Blutfeld.

Now, on this particular night, the old shepherd, Robin, of the farm of
Bois-de-Chênes, was destined to be the witness of a most strange and
fearful sight.

Some days ago, having been overtaken by the first fall of snow at the
bottom of the ravine of the Blutfeld, he had left his cart there to
conduct his flock back to the farm; but having discovered that he had
forgotten his sheepskin, and left it in a shed there, he had on this
day, when his work was done, set out about four o'clock in the
afternoon to go and fetch it.  The Blutfeld, situated between the
Schneeberg and the Grosmann, is a narrow gorge, bounded by rocks.  A
narrow stream of water winds through it, under shadow of the tall
shrubs, and in its depths extends a vast pasturage, all covered with
large gray stones, that lie thickly scattered about.

This gorge is very little frequented, for there is a wild look about
the Blutfeld, especially by the light of a winter moon.  The learned
folks of these regions, the school-master of Dagsburg, and he of
Hazlach, say that in that spot occurred the famous battle of the
Triboques against the Germans, who wished to penetrate into Gaul, under
the command of a leader named Luitprandt.  They say that the Triboques,
from the neighboring heights, hurling upon their enemies huge masses of
rocks, crushed them there as in a mortar, and that, on account of this
great carnage, the gorge has preserved to this day the name of
_Blutfeld_.  Fragments of broken pots, of rusty lances, of helmets, and
long swords with cross hilts, are often found there.

At night, when the moon sheds her light upon this field and those
immense stones, all covered with snow, when the north wind blows among
the frost-covered branches, making them rattle and clatter like
cymbals, you might fancy you heard the wild cry of the Germans at the
moment of surprise, the shrieks of the women, the neighings of the
horses, the rumbling of the chariots in the defile; for it seems that
these people brought with them, in their skin-covered carriages, women,
children, old men, and all that they possessed in gold, and silver, and
movables, like the Germans setting out for America.  The Triboques
never ceased to massacre them during two days, and on the third day
they returned to the Donon, the Schneeberg, the Grosmann, the Giromani,
the Hengst,--their broad shoulders stooping under the weight of their

This is what is related concerning the Blutfeld, and certainly to see
this gorge enclosed within the mountains like an immense trap, without
any other outlet than a narrow footpath, it is easy to understand how
the Germans were taken at a disadvantage and fell an easy prey to their

Robin did not reach the spot till between seven and eight o'clock, just
as the moon was rising.

The worthy fellow had descended the precipice a hundred times, but
never had he beheld the place so brightly illuminated, and at the same
time of so gloomy an aspect.

At a distance, his white cart, at the bottom of the abyss, looked to
him exactly like one of those enormous stones, covered with snow,
beneath which the Germans had been buried.  It was at the entrance of
the gorge, behind a thick cluster of shrubs, and beside it the little
torrent ran murmuring in a slender stream, bright as steel, and
sparkling like diamonds.

When he arrived there, the shepherd began to look for the key of the
padlock; then, having unlocked the shed, he crept in on his hands and
knees, and found, very fortunately, not only his sheepskin, but an old
hatchet, which he had quite forgotten.

But judge of his surprise when, on issuing from it, he saw the madman
Yégof appear at the turn of the footpath, and come straight toward him
in the bright moonlight.

The honest man immediately remembered the fearful story told in the
kitchen of Bois-de-Chênes, and he felt afraid; but quite another
feeling came over him when behind the fool, at fifteen or twenty paces,
he beheld, stealthily approaching in their turn, five gray wolves, two
big and three smaller ones.

At first he took them for dogs, but they were wolves.  They followed
Yégof step by step, and he did not appear to see them; his raven
hovered overhead, flitting from the full moonlight to the shadow of the
rocks, and then returning; the wolves, with flaming eyes, their sharp
muzzles turned up, were sniffing the air; the fool raised his sceptre.

The shepherd pulled-to the door of the shed as quick as lightning, but
Yégof did not see him.  He advanced into the gorge as into a spacious
chamber, to the right and left rose the steep rocks, above which
myriads of stars were shining.  You might have heard a fly move; the
wolves made no noise in walking; all was silent, and the raven had just
perched on the top of an old withered oak that grew upon one of the
rocks opposite; his shining plumage looked still darker than usual, as
he turned his head, and seemed to be listening.

It was a strange sight.

Robin said to himself:--"The fool sees nothing, hears nothing; they
will devour him.  If he stumbles, if his foot slips, it is all over
with him."

But in the middle of the gorge, Yégof, having turned round, sat down
upon a stone, and the five wolves round him, still sniffing the air,
squatted on their haunches in the snow.

And then, a really terrible sight--the fool raising his sceptre, made
them a speech, calling them each by his name.

The wolves answered him with dismal howls.

Now this is what he said to them:--"Hé, Child, Bléd, Merweg, and thou,
Sirimar, my ancient, we are met together, then, once again!  You have
returned fat.  There has been good cheer in Germany, eh?"

Then, pointing to the snow-covered gorge:--"You remember the great

First one of the wolves began to howl slowly in a dismal voice, then
another, then all the five together.

This lasted a good ten minutes.

The raven, perched on the withered branch, did not stir.

Robin would gladly have fled.  He put up his prayers, invoked all the
saints, and, in particular, his own patron, for whom all the shepherds
of the mountain have the highest veneration.

But the wolves still continued howling, awakening all the echoes of the

At last one, the oldest of the number, was silent, then another, then
all, and Yégof continued:--"Yes, yes: that is a dismal story.  Look!
there is the river down which our blood flowed in streams!  No matter,
Merweg, no matter; the others have left their bones to whiten on the
common, and the cold moon has seen their women tearing their hair for
three days and three nights!  Oh, that frightful day!  Oh, the dogs!
were they proud of their great victory?  Let them be

The fool had cast his crown to the ground.  He now picked it up,
groaning as he did so.

The wolves, still crouching round, listened to him like attentive
spectators.  The biggest among them began to howl, and Yégof answered
his complaint.

"You are hungry, Sirimar; take comfort, take comfort; you will not want
for food much longer; the men of our side are coming, and the strife
will begin afresh."

Then rising, and striking his sceptre on a stone, "See," said he,
"behold thy bones!"

He approached another.  "And thine, Merweg, behold them!" said he.

All the troop followed him, while he, raising himself upon a low rock,
and glancing round upon the silent gorge, exclaimed:--"Our war-song is
silent! our war-song is now a groan!  The hour is near; it will
reawaken, and you will be among the warriors; you will possess once
more these valleys and these mountains.  Oh! that sound of wheels,
those cries of women, those blows from crushing rocks and stones; I
hear them; the air is full of them.  Yes, yes; they fell on us from
above, and we were surrounded.  And now all is dead; hear!  all is
dead; your bones sleep, but your children are on their way, and your
turn will come.  Sing! sing!"

And this time he himself began to howl, while the wolves took up again
their savage song.

These dismal howls grew more and more loud and appalling; and the
silence of the rocks around, some plunged in darkness, while others
were fully revealed in the moon's rays, the solemn stillness of every
tree and shrub beneath its weight of snow, the distant echoes replying
with a sad voice to the mournful concert, all were calculated to strike
terror into the breast of the old shepherd.

But by degrees his fears grew less, for Yégof and his gloomy procession
were getting farther and farther away from him, and gradually
retreating toward Hazlach.

The raven, in his turn, with a hoarse cry unfurled his wings, and took
his flight through the sky.

The whole scene vanished like a dream.

Robin heard for a long while after the howlings of the retreating
wolves.  They had completely ceased for more than twenty minutes.  The
silence of winter reigned on all sides, when the worthy man felt
himself sufficiently recovered from his fright to come out of his
hiding-place, and take his way back at full speed to the farm.

On arriving at Bois-de-Chênes, he found everybody stirring.  They were
preparing to kill an ox for the troops from the Donon.  Hullin, Doctor
Lorquin, and Louise were already set out with those from the Sarre.
Catherine Lefèvre was loading her great four-horse wagon with bread,
meat, and brandy.  People were coming and going in all directions, and
all lending a helping hand in the preparations.

Robin could not bring himself to relate to any one all that he had seen
and heard.  Besides, it seemed to himself so incredible that he really
dared not open his mouth about it.

When he had retired to rest in his crib in the middle of the stable, he
said to himself that no doubt Yégof had, during the winter, tamed a
litter of young wolves, and that he talked nonsense to them just as one
talks sometimes to one's dog.

But, for all that, this strange encounter left a superstitious dread
upon his mind, and even when he had arrived at a great age, the old
fellow never spoke of these things without shuddering.



Hullin's orders had all been carried out; the defiles of the Zorne and
of the Sarre were well guarded; while that of Blanru, the extreme point
of the position, had been put into a state of defence by Jean-Claude
himself and the three hundred men who composed his principal force.

We must now transport ourselves to the southern slopes of the Donon,
two kilomètres from Grandfontaine, and await further events.

Above the high-road which winds round the hillside up to within
two-thirds of the summit, was a farm, surrounded with a few acres of
tilled land, the freehold of Pelsly the anabaptist: it was a large
building with a flat roof, much needed, so as to prevent its being
blown away by the high winds.  The out-houses and pigsties were
situated at the back, toward the summit of the mountain.

The partisans were encamped near: at their feet lay Grandfontaine and
Framont; in a narrow gorge farther on, at the point where the valley
takes a turn, rose Schirmeck and its old mass of feudal ruins; lastly,
among the undulations of the chain, the Bruche disappears in a zigzag,
under the grayish mists of Alsace.  To their left arose the arid peak
of the Donon, covered with rocks and a few stunted pines.  Before them
was the rugged road, its shelving banks thrown down over the snow, and
great trees flung across it with all their branches.

The melting snow let the yellow soil be seen in patches here and there,
or else formed great drifts, heaped up by the north wind.

It was a grand and severe spectacle.  Not a single traveller, not a
carriage appeared along the whole length of the road in the valley,
winding as far as the eye can reach: it was like a desert.  The fires
scattered round the farm-house sent up their puffs of damp smoke to the
sky, and alone indicated the position of the bivouac.

The mountaineers, seated by their kettles, with their hats slouched
over their faces, were very melancholy: three days they had been
awaiting the enemy.  Among one of the groups, sitting with their legs
doubled up, bent shoulders, and pipes in their mouths were old Materne
and his two sons.

From time to time Louise appeared on the step of the farm, then quickly
re-entered, and set herself again to her work.  A great cock was
scratching up the manure with his claws, and crowing hoarsely; two or
three fowls were strutting up and down among the bushes.  All that was
pleasant to look upon; but the chief pleasure of the partisans was to
contemplate some magnificent quarters of bacon, with red-and-white
sides, which were spitted on greenwood sticks, the fat melting drop by
drop on to the small coals--and to fill their flasks at a small cask of
brandy placed on Catherine Lefèvre's cart.

Toward eight o'clock in the morning a man suddenly appeared between the
great and little Donon; the sentinels perceived him at once; he
descended, waving his hat.

A few minutes later Nickel Bentz, the old forest-keeper of the Houpe,
was recognized.

The whole camp was roused; they ran to awaken Hullin, who had been
sleeping for an hour in the farm-house, on a great straw mattress, side
by side with Doctor Lorquin and his dog Pluto.

The three came out, accompanied by the herdsman Lagarmitte, nicknamed
Trumpet, and the anabaptist Pelsly--a silent man, having his arms
buried to the elbows in the deep pockets of his gray woollen tunic
trimmed with pewter clasps, with an immense beard, and the tassel of
his cotton cap half way down his back.

Jean-Claude seemed light-hearted.  "Well, Nickel, what is going on down
there?" cried he.

"At present, nothing new, Master Jean-Claude; only on the Phalsbourg
side one hears something like the rumbling of a storm.  Labarbe says
that it is cannon, for all night we have seen flashes through the
forest of Hildehouse, and since the morning gray clouds have been
spreading over the plain."

"The town is attacked," said Hullin; "but what about the Lutzelstein

"One can hear nothing," replied Bentz.

"Then the enemy is trying to turn the place.  In any case, the allies
are down there: there must be hosts of them in Alsace."  And turning
toward Materne, who was standing behind him, "We cannot remain any
longer in uncertainty," said he; "thou, with thy two sons, go on a

The old hunter's face brightened.  "So be it!  I can stretch my legs a
little," said he, "and see if I can't knock over one of those rascally
Austrians or Cossacks."

"Stop an instant, my old fellow! it is not now a question of knocking
anybody over; we want to see what is going on.  Frantz and Kasper will
remain armed; but I know thee: thou must leave thy carbine here, thy
powder-flask, and thy hunting-knife."

"What for?"

"Because thou wilt have to go into the villages, and if thou art taken
in arms, thou wilt be shot directly."


"Certainly.  We do not belong to the regular troops; they do not take
us prisoners; they shoot us.  Thou wilt follow, then, the road to
Schirmeck, stick in hand, and thy sons will accompany thee at a
distance, in the underwood, within musket-range.  If any marauders
attack thee, they will come to thy rescue; if it is a column, or a
handful of troops, they must allow thee to be taken."

"They are to let me be taken!" cried the old hunter, indignantly.  "I
should like to see that."

"Yes, Materne; it will be the best plan: for an unarmed man would be
released, an armed shot.  I do not need to tell thee not to sing out to
the Germans that thou art come to spy upon them."

"Ah, ah!  I comprehend.  Yes, yes, that is not badly planned.  As for
me, I never quit my gun, Jean-Claude, but war is war.  Hold! there is
my carbine, and my powder-flask, and my knife.  Who will lend me his
blouse and his stick?"

Nickel Bentz handed him his blue blouse and his cap.  They were
surrounded by an admiring crowd.

After he had changed his clothes, notwithstanding his large gray
mustaches, one would have taken the old hunter for a simple peasant
from the high mountains.

His two sons, proud to be of this first expedition, looked to the
priming of their muskets, and fixed to the end of the barrel a
boar-spear, straight and long as a sword.  They felt their
hunting-knives, flung their bags upon their backs, and confident that
all was in order, they glanced proudly round them.

"Ah," said Doctor Lorquin, laughing, "do not forget Master
Jean-Claude's advice.  Be careful.  One German more or less in a
hundred thousand would not make much difference in our affairs; whereas
if one or the other of you came back to us injured, you would be
replaced with difficulty."

"Oh, fear nothing, doctor: we shall have our eyes open."

"My boys," replied Materne, haughtily, "are true hunters; they know how
to wait the moment and profit by it.  They will only fire when I call.
You can rest assured! and now, let us start; we must be back before

They departed.

"Good luck to you!" shouted Hullin, while they mounted the snow in
order to avoid the breastworks.

They soon descended toward the narrow path, which turns sharply on the
right of the mountain.

The partisans watched them.  Their red frizzy hair, long muscular legs,
their broad shoulders, and supple, quick movements,--all showed that in
case of an encounter, five or six "kaiserlichs" would have little
chance against such fine fellows.

In a quarter of an hour they had reached the pine-forest and

Then Hullin quietly returned to the farm, talking to Nickel Bentz.

Doctor Lorquin walked behind, followed by Pluto, and all the others
returned to their places round the bivouac fires.



Materne and his two boys walked for some time in silence.  The weather
had become fine; the pale winter sun shone over the brilliant snow
without melting it, and the ground remained firm and hard.

In the distance, along the valley, stood out, with surprising
clearness, the tops of the fir-trees, the reddish peaks of the rocks,
the roofs of the hamlets, with their icy stalactites hanging from the
eaves, their small sparkling windows, and sharp gables.

People were walking in the street of Grandfontaine.  A troupe of young
girls were standing round the washing-place; a few old men in cotton
caps were smoking their pipes on the doorsteps of the little houses.
All this little world, lying in the depths of the blue expanse, came,
and went, and lived, without a sound or sigh reaching the ears of the

The old hunter halted on the outskirts of the wood, and said to his
sons: "I am going down to the village to see Dubreuil, the innkeeper of
the 'Pineapple.'"

And he pointed with his stick to a long white building, the doors and
windows of which were surrounded with a yellow bordering, a pine-branch
being suspended to the wall as a signboard.

"You must await me here.  If there is no danger, I will come out on to
the doorstep and raise my hat; you can then come and take a glass of
wine with me."

He immediately descended the snowy slopes to the little gardens lying
above Grandfontaine, which took about ten minutes; he then made his way
between two furrows, reached the meadow, and crossed the village
square: his two sons, with their arms at their feet, saw him enter the
inn.  A few seconds after he reappeared on the doorstep and raised his

Fifteen minutes later they had rejoined their father in the great room
of the "Pineapple."  It was a rather low room with a sanded floor, and
heated by a large iron stove.

Excepting the innkeeper Dubreuil, the biggest and most apoplectic
landlord in the Vosges, with immense paunch, round eyes, flat nose, a
wart on his left cheek, and a triple chin reaching over his
collar--with the exception of this curious individual, seated near the
stove in a leather arm-chair, Materne was alone.  He had just filled
the glasses.  The clock was striking nine, and its wooden cock flapped
its wing with a peculiar scraping sound.

"Good-day, Father Dubreuil," said the two youths in a gruff voice.

"Good-day, my brave fellows," replied the innkeeper, trying to smile.

Then, in an oily voice, he asked them, "Nothing new?"

"Faith, no!" replied Kasper; "here is winter, the time for hunting

And they both, putting their carbines in the corner of the window,
within reach, in case of attack, passed one leg across the bench, and
sat down, facing their father, who was at the head of the table.

At the same time they drank, saying, "To our healths!" which they were
always very careful to do.

"Thus," said Materne, turning to the fat man, as though taking up the
threads of an interrupted conversation, "you think, Father Dubreuil,
that we have nothing to fear from the wood of Baronies, and that we may
hunt boar peaceably?"

"Oh, as to that, I know nothing!" exclaimed the innkeeper; "only at
present the allies have not passed Mutzig.  Besides, they harm no one;
they receive all well-disposed people to fight against the usurper."

"The usurper?  Who is he?"

"Why, Napoleon Bonaparte, the usurper, to be sure.  Just look at the

He pointed to a great placard stuck on the wall, near the clock.

"Look at that, and you will see that the Austrians are our true

Old Materne's eyebrows nearly met, but, repressing his feelings, "Oh,
ah!" said he.

"Yes, read that."

"But I do not know how to read, Monsieur Dubreuil, nor my boys either.
Explain to us what it is."

Then the old innkeeper, leaning with his hands on the arms of his
chair, arose, breathing like a calf, and placed himself in front of the
placard, with his arms folded on his enormous paunch; and in a majestic
tone he read a proclamation from the allied sovereigns, declaring "that
they made war on Napoleon personally, and not on France.  Therefore
everybody ought to keep quiet and not meddle in their affairs, under
pain of being burnt, pillaged, and shot."

The three hunters listened, and looked at each other with a strange air.

When Dubreuil had finished, he reseated himself and said, "Now do you

"And where did you get that?" demanded Kasper.

"That, my boy, is put up everywhere!"

"Well, we are pleased with that," said Materne, laying his hand on
Frantz's arm, who had risen with sparkling eyes.  "Dost thou want a
light, Frantz?  Here is my flint."

Frantz sat down again, and the old man continued, good-naturedly: "And
our good friends the Germans take nothing from any one?"

"Quiet, orderly people have nothing to fear; but as to the rascals who
rise, all is taken from them.  And it is just--the good ought not to
suffer for the wicked.  For example, instead of doing you any harm, the
allies would receive you well at their head-quarters.  You know the
country: you would serve as guides, and you would be richly paid."

There was a slight pause.  The three hunters again looked at each
other: the father had spread his hands on the table, as though to
recommend calm to his sons; but even he was very pale.

The innkeeper, observing nothing, continued: "You would have much more
to fear in the woods of Baronies from those brigands of Dagsburg,
Sarre, and Blanru, who have all revolted, and wish to have '93 over

"Are you sure of that?" demanded Materne, making an effort to control

"Am I sure!  You have only to look out of the window and you will see
them on the road to the Donon.  They have surprised the anabaptist
Pelsly, and bound him to the foot of his bed.  They pillage, rob, break
up the roads.  But beware!  In a few days they will see strange things.
It is not with a thousand men that they will be attacked, not with ten
thousand, but with millions.  They will all be hung."

Materne rose.

"It is time for us to be going," said he briefly.  "At two o'clock we
must be at the wood, and here we are talking quietly like magpies!  Au
revoir, Father Dubreuil."  They rushed out hastily, no longer able to
contain their passion.

"Think of what I have said," cried the innkeeper to them from his chair.

Once in the open air, Materne, turning round, said, with trembling
lips: "If I had not restrained myself, I should have broken the bottle
on his head."

"And I," said Frantz, "should have run him through with my bayonet."

Kasper, one foot on the step, seemed about to re-enter the inn; he
grasped the handle of his hunting-knife, and his face bore a terrible
expression.  But his father took him by the arm and dragged him off,
saying: "Come, come, we will deal with him later on.  To counsel me to
betray the country!  Hullin told us to be on our guard: he was right."

They went down the street, looking to the right and left with haggard
eyes.  The people asked among themselves: What is the matter with them?

On reaching the end of the village, they halted, in front of the old
cross, close to the church, and Materne in a calmer tone, pointing out
the path which winds round Phramond over the heath, said to his sons:
"You must take that road.  I shall follow the route to Schirmeck.  I
shall not go too fast, so that you may have time to come up with me."

They parted, and the old hunter, with bowed head, walked on
thoughtfully for a long time, asking himself by what inward strength he
had been able to keep from breaking the fat innkeeper's head.  He said
to himself that no doubt it was from fear of compromising his sons.

While thinking over these things, Materne kept continually meeting
herds of cattle, sheep and goats, which were being led into the
mountain.  Some came from Wisch, Urmatt, and even from Mutzig; the poor
beasts could scarcely stand.

"Where the devil are you running so fast?" shouted the old hunter to
the melancholy herdsmen.  "Have you then no confidence in the
proclamation of the Austrians and Russians?"

And they angrily answered: "It is easy for you to laugh.
Proclamations! we know what they are worth now.  They pillage and rob
everything, make forced contributions, carry off the horses, cows,
oxen, and carts."

"Nonsense! impossible!  What are you talking about?" said Materne.
"You astound me!  Such worthy people, such good friends, the saviours
of France.  I cannot believe you.  Such a beautiful proclamation as it

"Well, go down to Alsace, and you will see."

The poor creatures went on, shaking their heads in extreme indignation,
and he laughed slyly.

The farther Materne advanced, the number of herds became greater.
There were not only troops of cattle bellowing and lowing, but flocks
of geese, as far as the eye could reach, screeching and cackling,
dragging themselves along the road with wings spread and half-frozen
feet: it was piteous to see.

It was worse still on approaching Schirmeck.  The people were flying in
crowds, with their great wagons loaded with barrels, smoked meats,
furniture, women and children.  They were lashing their horses almost
to death on the road, and screaming in terrified voices: "We are lost;
the Cossacks are coming."

The cry of "The Cossacks! the Cossacks!" ran along the whole line like
a puff of wind; the women turned round open-mouthed, and the children
stood up on the wagons to get a better view.  You never beheld anything
like it before; and Materne, angered, blushed for the terror of these
people, who might have defended themselves; while selfishness and their
desire to save their property, made them fly like cowards.

At the crossing of the Fond-des-Saules quite close to Schirmeck, Kasper
and Frantz rejoined their father, and the three entered the "Golden
Key" tavern, kept by the Widow Faltaux, on the right side of the road.
The poor woman and her two daughters were watching from a window the
great migration with streaming eyes and clasped hands.

In fact, the tumult increased every minute; the cattle, wagons, and
people seemed eager to get away over each other's shoulders.  They no
longer had any command of themselves: they were howling and striking
about them in their desire to escape.

Materne pushed the door open, and seeing the women more dead than
alive, white and dishevelled, he shouted, striking his stick on the
ground: "What, mother, have you too gone mad?  What! you, who owe a
good example to your daughters,--have you lost courage?  it is a shame."

The old woman turned round and said in a broken voice: "Ah, my poor
Materne, if you only knew--if you only knew!"

"Well, what then?  The enemy is coming: they won't eat you."

"No; but they devour everything without mercy.  Old Ursula, of
Schlestadt, came here yesterday evening.  She says that the Austrians
only want 'Knöpfe' and 'Nudel,' the Russians 'Schnapps,' and the
Bavarians 'Sauerkraut.'  And when they have stuffed all that down their
throats, they cry out with their mouths still full, 'Schocolat!
schocolat!'  O Lord, how can we feed all these people?"

"I know well that is difficult," said the old hunter: "you can never
satisfy a jay with white cheese.  But, first of all, where are these
Cossacks, these Bavarians, these Austrians?  All the way from
Grandfontaine we have not met even one."

"They are in Alsace, on the Urmatt side, and they are coming here."

"While waiting for them," said Kasper, "give us a bottle of wine.  Here
is a three-crown piece: you will hide it easier than your barrels."

One of the girls went to the cellar, and, at the same time, several
other persons entered: an almanac-seller from Strasbourg, a wagoner
from Sarrebrück in a blouse, and two or three townspeople from Hutzig,
Wisch, and Schirmeck, who were flying with their herds, and were
exhausted with shouting.

All sat down at the same table, before the windows overlooking the
road.  Wine was served them, and each began to relate what he knew.
One said the allies were in such numbers that they had to sleep side by
side in the valley of Hirschenthal, and they were so covered with
vermin that, after their departure, the dead leaves walked of
themselves in the woods; another, that the Cossacks had set fire to a
village in Alsace, because they had been refused candles for dessert
after dinner; that some of them, especially the Calmucks, ate soap like
cheese and bacon-rind like cake; that many drank brandy by the pint,
after having taken care to season it with handfuls of pepper; and that
it was necessary to hide everything from them, for nothing came amiss
to them for eating and drinking.

The wagoner said, at this point, that three days before, a Russian
corps-d'armée having passed the night under the ramparts of Bitsch, it
had been compelled to remain more than an hour on the ice in the little
village of Rorbach, and that the whole of this army corps had drunk out
of a warming-pan left on the window-sill of an old woman's house; that
this race of savages broke the ice to bathe, and afterward crept into
the brick-kilns to dry; lastly, that they only feared Corporal Knout.

These worthy folks communicated such singular things to each other,
which they pretended to have seen with their own eyes, or heard from
trustworthy sources, that one could with difficulty believe them.

Outside, the tumult, rolling of wagons, lowing of herds, shouts of the
drivers, and clamors of the fugitives, continued unceasingly, and
produced the effect of a vast murmur.

Toward noon Materne and his sons were going to leave, when a more
prolonged shout than any of the others was heard: "The Cossacks! the

Then everybody rushed outside, except the hunters, who contented
themselves with opening a window and looking out: they all ran away
across the fields: men, herds, wagons and all, were dispersed like
leaves in autumn.  In less than two minutes the road was deserted,
except in Schirmeck, which was so encumbered, that it would have been
impossible to walk four steps.  Materne, gazing far away along the
road, cried, "I look in vain--I can see nothing."

"Nor do I," rejoined Kasper.

"Come, come," cried the old hunter, "I see clearly that the fear of all
these people gives more strength to the enemy than he in fact
possesses.  It is not in such a way we shall receive the Cossacks in
the mountains; they will find who they have to deal with."

Then, shrugging his shoulders with an expression of disgust, he said:
"Fear is an odious thing, and after all we have only one poor life to
lose.  Let us go."

They quitted the inn, and the old man having taken the road to the
valley, in order to climb the summit of the Hirschberg in front of
them, his sons followed him.  They soon reached the outskirts of the
wood, when Materne said that they must mount as high as possible, so as
to see the whole plain, and bring back some positive news to the
bivouac; that all the accounts of those cowards were not worth one good
look by themselves.

Kasper and Frantz agreed, and all three began to climb the slope, which
forms a sort of advanced promontory commanding the plain.  When they
reached the peak they distinctly saw the enemy's position, three
leagues distant, between Urmatt and Lutzelhouse.  They formed great
black lines on the snow: farther off were a few dark masses--no doubt,
the artillery and baggage.  Other masses surrounded the villages, and,
notwithstanding the distance, the sparkling of the bayonets announced
that a column had just commenced marching toward Visch.

After having contemplated this spectacle in silence for some minutes,
the old man said, "We have decidedly thirty thousand men under our
eyes.  They are advancing in our direction; we shall be attacked
to-morrow, or the day after at the latest.  It will not be a trumpery
affair, my boys; but if they are numerous we have the best of the
position.  And then it is always agreeable to fire into a heap; there
are no balls lost."

Having made these judicious reflections, he looked at the height of the
sun, and added: "It is now two o'clock; we know all we want.  Let us
return to the bivouac."

The youths slung their carbines crossways, and leaving to their left
the valley of the Brocque, Schirmeck, and Framont, they climbed the
steep banks of the Hengsbach, which overlook the Little Donon--two
leagues distant--and came down again on the other side, without
following any regular path through the snow, and only guiding
themselves by the peaks in order to take a short cut.

They continued thus for about two hours: the winter sun was going down
to the horizon, night was approaching, bright and calm.  They had now
only to descend, and then mount, on the other side, the solitary gorge
of Kiel, forming a large circular basin in the midst of the woods, and
enclosing a bluish pond, where the deer came sometimes to quench their

Suddenly, as they were coming out from the underwood, not dreaming of
anything, the old man, stopping behind a thick screen of shrubs, said
"Chut!" and lifting his hand, pointed to the little lake, which was
covered with thin clear ice.

The two young fellows needed only to glance toward it to be greeted by
a most strange sight.  About twenty Cossacks, with yellow shaggy
beards, heads covered with old fur caps in the shape of stove-pipes,
their lean legs draped in long rags, and their feet in rope stirrups,
were seated on their little horses, with long floating manes and thin
tails, their bodies speckled yellow, black and white, like goats.  Some
had for their only weapon a long lance, others a sword, others an axe
suspended by a cord to their saddle, and a large horse-pistol passed
through their belts.  Several were looking upward with ecstasy on the
green tops of the pines, rising by stages above each other into the
clouds.  One great lanky fellow had broken the ice with the butt-end of
his lance; and his little horse was drinking with outstretched neck and
overhanging mane.  A few having dismounted, were clearing the snow and
pointing to the wood--no doubt to indicate that it was a good place for
encamping.  Their comrades on horseback were conversing and pointing to
the bottom of the valley on their right, which descends in the form of
a gap toward Grinderwald.

Anyway it was a halt.  It is impossible to describe the strange and
picturesque aspect of these fellows from a strange country, with their
copper-colored faces, long beards, black eyes, flat heads, squat noses,
and grayish tatters, on the banks of this lake, under the lofty
perpendicular rocks lifting up their green pines to the skies.

It seemed a new world in ours,--a sort of unknown and strange game,
which the three red hunters at first contemplated with intense
interest.  Having remained so for about five minutes, Kasper and Frantz
fixed their long bayonets at the muzzle of their carbines, and then
retired about twenty paces into the underwood.  They reached a rock,
fifteen or twenty feet high, which Materne climbed, having no arms;
then, after a few words exchanged in whispers, Kasper examined his
priming and raised his musket slowly to his shoulder, while his brother
stood by in readiness.

One of the Cossacks--he who was letting his horse drink--was about two
hundred paces from them.  The gun went off, awakening the deep echoes
of the gorge; and the Cossack, spinning over his horse's head, plunged
through the ice of the lake.

It is impossible to describe the stupor of the party at this report.
They looked round them in every direction: the echo replied as though
it had been a general fusillade; while a puff of smoke rose above the
clump of trees where the hunters were hiding.

Kasper had reloaded his piece in a moment; but in the same space of
time the dismounted Cossacks had bounded on their horses, and all took
flight over the slope of the Hartz, one after the other, like roebucks,
screaming wildly, "Hourah! hourah!"

This flight was but the work of a moment: the instant Kasper took aim
for the second time, the tail of the last horse disappeared in the

The horse of the dead Cossack alone remained at the water's edge, held
there by a singular circumstance: his master, whose head and part of
whose body was in the water, had his foot still in the stirrup.

Materne listened from his rock, then said joyously--"They are gone!
Well, let us go and see.  Frantz, remain here.  Suppose any of them
should return----?"

Notwithstanding this recommendation, they all three approached near the
horse.  Materne immediately took the bridle, saying:--"Come, old
fellow, we are going to teach you to speak French."

"Let us be off," exclaimed Kasper.

"No, we must see what we have shot.  Don't you see that will be good
for our comrades?  Dogs who have not sniffed the skin of the game are
never well trained."

Whereupon they fished the Cossack out of the pool, and having placed
him across the horse, began to climb the side of the Donon by such a
steep path, that Materne repeated, a hundred times at least,--"The
horse will never go up there."  But the horse, with its long goat-like
legs, passed more easily than they did; so that the old hunter wound up
by remarking--"These Cossacks have famous horses.  If ever I grow old,
I will keep him to go after the deer with.  We have a famous horse, my
boys; with all his look of a cow, he is strong as a cart-horse."

From time to time he also made reflections on the Cossack:--"What a
queer face, eh!  A round nose and a forehead like a cheese-box.  There
are certainly queer folks in the world!  Thou hast hit him well,
Kasper; right in the middle of the chest.  And look! the ball came out
at the back.  Capital powder!  Divès always keeps good articles."

Toward six they heard the first shout of their sentinels: "Who goes

"France," replied Materne, advancing.

Everybody ran to meet them.  "Here is Materne!"

Hullin himself was as curious as the rest, and could not help hastening
toward them with Doctor Lorquin.  The partisans were soon collected
round the horse, with outstretched necks and open mouths, by the side
of a large fire where the supper was cooking.

"It is a Cossack," said Hullin, squeezing Materne's hand.

"Yes, Jean-Claude; we caught him at the pond of Kiel: it was Kasper who
shot him."

They stretched the corpse out near the fire.  His yellow face had
strange shadows on it in the firelight.

Doctor Lorquin, having looked at him, said: "It is a fine specimen of
the Tartar race; if I had time, I should put it in a lime-bath, so as
to obtain a skeleton of this tribe."

He then knelt down, and opening the long tunic,--"The ball has
traversed the pericardium, and has produced almost the same effect as
aneurism of the heart."

The others kept silence.

Kasper, with his hand on the muzzle of his rifle, seemed quite
contented with his game; and old Materne, rubbing his hands, said: "I
was sure I would bring you back something: my boys and I never return
empty-handed.  There now!"

Hullin then pulled him aside.  They entered the farm together, and
after the first surprise was over, every man began to make his own
personal reflections on the Cossack.



That night, which was on a Friday, the anabaptist's little farm-house
never ceased for an instant to be filled with people coming in and
going out.

Hullin had established his head-quarters in the large room on the
ground floor, to the right of the barn, facing Framont: on the other
side of the passage was the ambulance: the upper part was inhabited by
the farm people.

Although the night was very still and the stars were shining in
myriads, the cold was so intense that there was nearly an inch of ice
on the panes.

Outside, one could hear the challenge of the sentinel, the passing of
the patrols, and, on the surrounding peaks, the howling of the wolves,
who followed our armies in hundreds since 1812.  These wild beasts
crouched on the ice, their sharp muzzles between their paws, with
hunger at their entrails, calling each other, from the Grosmann to the
Donon, with moaning sounds like that of the north wind.

It made more than one mountaineer grow pale.

"It is Death who calls," thought they; "he scents the battle, he
summons us!"

The oxen lowed in the stables, and the horses gave frightful neighs.

About thirty fires blazed on the plateau; all the anabaptist's wood was
taken; fagots were heaped one upon another.  Their faces were scorched,
and their backs frozen; they warmed their backs, and the ice hung from
their mustaches.

Hullin, alone, before the great pinewood table, was taking thought for
all.  According to the latest tidings of the evening, announcing the
arrival of the Cossacks at Framont, he was convinced that the first
attack would take place the next day.  He had distributed cartridges,
doubled the sentries, appointed patrols, and marked all the posts along
the outworks.  Every one knew beforehand what place he was to occupy.

Hullin had also sent orders to Piorette, Jérome of St. Quirin, and
Labarbe, to send him their best marksmen.

The little dark pathway, lit by a dim lantern, was full of snow, and
passing under the immovable light every instant one could see the
chiefs of the ambush, with their hats pressed down to their ears, the
ample sleeves of their great-coats pulled down over their wrists, with
their dark eyes and beards stiffened with ice.

Pluto no longer growled at the heavy step of these men.  Hullin, with
his head between his hands and his elbows on the table, listened
thoughtfully to all their reports:--

"Master Jean-Claude, there is a movement in the direction of
Grandfontaine; and the sounds of galloping are distinguishable."

"Master Jean-Claude, the brandy is frozen."

"Master Jean-Claude, many of the men are in want of powder."

"They are in want of this: they are in want of that."

"Let some one be sent to watch Grandfontaine, and let the sentries on
that side be changed every half-hour."  "Let the brandy be brought to
the fire."  "Wait until Divès comes: he brings us ammunition.  Let the
remainder of the cartridges be distributed.  Let those who have more
than twenty give some to their comrades."

And so it went on all the night.

At five in the morning, Kasper, Materne's son, came to tell Hullin that
Marc Divès, with a load of cartridges, Catherine Lefèvre on a cart, and
a detachment from Labarbe, had just arrived together, and that they
were already on the plateau.

The tidings pleased him, especially on account of the cartridges, for
he had feared delay.

He immediately rose and went out with Kasper.  The plateau presented a
curious spectacle.

On the approach of day, clouds of mist began to rise from the valley,
the fires hissed with the damp, and all around could be seen sleeping
men: one stretched on his back, with his arms thrown under his hat, a
blue face, and doubled-up legs; another with his cheek on his arm and
his back to the fire; the greater number seated, with bent heads and
their muskets slung across their shoulders.  All was silent, wrapped in
purple light or gray tints, just as the fire blazed or smouldered.
Then, in the distance, could be discerned the profile of the sentinels,
with their muskets across their arms or clubbed upon the ground, gazing
into the cloud-filled abyss beneath them.

To the right, fifty paces from the last fire, could be heard the
neighing of horses, and people stamping with their feet to warm
themselves, and talking aloud.

"Master Jean-Claude is coming," said Kasper, going toward them.

One of the partisans having thrown a few sticks of dry wood on to the
fire, there was a bright blaze; and Marc Divès's men on horseback,
twelve tall fellows, wrapped in their long gray cloaks, their felts
slouched back over their shoulders, with their long mustaches either
turned up or falling down to their necks, their sabres in their grasp,
stood motionless round the load of cartridges.  Farther on Catherine
Lefèvre crouched down in her cart, her hood over her face, her feet in
the straw, her back against a large barrel.  Behind her was a caldron,
a gridiron, a fresh-killed pig, scalded all white and red, with some
strings of onions and cabbages for making soup.  All stood out of the
darkness for a second, and then relapsed into night.

Divès, having quitted the convoy, advanced on his powerful horse.

"Is it you, Jean-Claude?"

"Yes, Marc."

"I have some few thousand cartridges there.  Hexe-Baizel is working day
and night."


"Yes, old fellow.  And Catherine Lefèvre brings provisions as well; she
killed yesterday."

"All right, Marc: we shall want all that.  The battle is impending."

"Yes, yes, I thought so; we came quickly.  Where is the powder to be

"There, under the cart-house behind the farm.  Ah, is that you,

"Of course, Jean-Claude.  It is dreadfully cold this morning!"

"You are always the same.  Have you no fear?"

"What! should I be a woman if I were not curious?  I must poke my nose

"Yes, you always make excuses for the fine and noble things you do."

"Hullin, you are wearisome with your repetitions; let me alone with
your compliments.  Must not all those people eat?  Can they live on air
in such weather as this?  And is not air fattening on a day so
cold--like needles and razors.  So I took my measures.  Yesterday we
slaughtered an ox--poor Schwartz, you know--he weighed a good nine
hundred.  I have brought his hind-quarters for this morning's soup."

"Catherine, it is in vain I have known you so long," cried Jean-Claude,
quite touched; "you are always astonishing me.  No sacrifice is too
great for you, neither money, care, nor trouble."

"Ah," replied the old farm-wife, rising and springing from her cart,
"you tease and worry me, Jean-Claude.  I am going to warm myself."

She gave Dubourg the reins of her horse, and looking back, said,
"Jean-Claude, those fires are a pleasure to behold.  But where is

"Louise spent the night cutting and sewing bandages with Pelsly's two
daughters.  She is at the ambulance: over there you see, where the
light is shining."

"Poor child!" said Catherine, "I will go and help her.  That will warm

Hullin watched her retreating figure, and made a gesture, as though
saying, "What a woman!"

At this moment, Divès and his people were carrying the powder into the
shed, and as Jean-Claude approached the nearest fire, what was his
surprise to see, among the crowd of partisans, Yégof the madman,
crowned as usual, gravely seated on a stone, with his feet in the
ashes, and draped in his rags as though they were a royal mantle.

Anything more strange than this figure by the fire-light could not be
imagined.  Yégof was the only one awake of the crowd, and might readily
have been taken for some barbarian king musing in the midst of his
sleeping horde.

Hullin only saw in him a madman, and laying his hand softly on his
shoulder, said, ironically:

"I salute thee, Yégof!  Thou art come, then, to lend us the help of thy
invincible arm and of thy countless armies?"

The madman, without showing the least surprise, replied: "That depends
on thee, Hullin; thy fate, and that of all these people, is in thy
hands.  I have suspended my anger, and I will allow thee to pronounce

"What sentence?" demanded Jean-Claude.

The other, without replying, continued, in a low solemn voice: "Behold
us two on the eve of a great battle, as we were sixteen hundred years
ago.  At that time, I, the chief of so many people, came among thy
tribe to ask a passage."

"Sixteen hundred years ago!" said Hullin.  "Zounds!  Yégof, that makes
us terribly old!  But it is of no consequence--each to his taste."

"Yes," rejoined the madman, "but, with thy usual obstinacy, thou
wouldst hear nothing.  Men died on the Blutfeld--men who now call for

"Ah, the Blutfeld!" said Jean-Claude.  "Yes, yes, an old story; I seem
to have heard it before."

Yégof reddened, and his eyes sparkled.

"Thou pridest thyself on thy victory!" cried he; "but take care--take
care! blood calls for blood!"  And in a calmer tone, "Listen," he
added.  "I am not angry with thee.  Thou art brave; the children of thy
race might mingle with those of mine.  I am anxious for an alliance
with thee--thou knowest it."

"There, he is going to begin about Louise," thought Jean-Claude.  And,
foreseeing a formal demand, he said: "Yégof, I am sorry, but I must
leave thee.  I have so much to see after----"

The madman did not wait the end of this leave-taking, and rising, with
his face distorted by indignation, "Thou refusest me thy daughter?"
cried he, lifting his finger solemnly.

"We will talk of that later on."

"Thou refusest!"

"Yégof, thy shouts will awaken every one."

"Thou refusest, and it is for the third time!  Beware! beware!"

Hullin, despairing of making him become more reasonable, walked rapidly
away, but the madman furiously pursued him with these strange words:

"Huldrix, woe on thee!  Thy last hour is at hand; the wolves are coming
to feed upon thy carcass.  All is over.  I let loose the tempests of my
wrath; and neither to thee nor thine shall mercy, pity, or pardon be
shown.  Thou hast so willed it."

And, flinging his rags over his shoulder, the poor wretch went away in
the direction of the peak of Donon.

Some of the volunteers, awakened by his cries, looked up drowsily, and
saw him disappearing in the darkness.  They heard the fluttering of
wings round the fire; then, as though it were a dream, they turned
round and fell asleep again.

About an hour later, Lagarmitte sounded the _reveille_; and in a few
minutes all were on their feet.

The chiefs of the ambuscade collected their men: some went toward the
shed, to obtain cartridges; others filled their gourds with brandy from
the cask.  All this was done in good order, their chiefs being at the
head of each body of men; then the several companies disappeared in the
gray morning light toward the out-posts on the hill-sides.

When the sun rose, the plateau was quite deserted, and, with the
exception of five or six fires which were still burning, there was no
sign that the partisans were in possession of all the posts on the
mountain, or in what place they had passed the night.

Hullin hurriedly ate a crust and drank a glass of wine with his friends
Doctor Lorquin and Pelsly the anabaptist.

Lagarmitte was with them, for he was not allowed to leave Master
Jean-Claude all day, and had to transmit his orders in case of need.



At seven o'clock there was no sign of any movement in the valley.

From time to time, Doctor Lorquin opened one of the windows in the
large room and looked out.  Nothing was stirring; the fires had
smouldered away; all was still.

In front of the farm, on a bank, about a hundred feet distant, the
Cossack could be seen who had been killed the previous evening by
Kasper.  He was white with the frost, and as hard as a stone.

In the interior, a fire had been made in the great iron stove.

Louise sat near her father, looking at him with an inexpressible
affection, as though she feared never to see him again.  Her red eyes
showed that she had been crying.

Hullin, though firm, looked not a little moved.  The doctor and the
anabaptist, both grave and serious, talked over the present position of
affairs, and Lagarmitte, from behind the stove, listened to them with
deep interest.

"We are not only right, but it is our duty to defend ourselves," said
the doctor.  "Our fathers cleared these woods and cultivated them: they
are our legitimate inheritance."

"No doubt," returned the anabaptist, sententiously; "but it is written,
'Thou shalt not kill.  Thou shalt not shed thy brother's blood!'"

Catherine Lefèvre, who was in the act of cutting a slice of ham,
evidently felt impatient at this conversation, and, turning round
sharply, replied to him: "If that were true, and your religion were
right, the Germans, Russians, and all these red men might take the
clothes off our backs.  'Tis fine, that religion of yours; yes, fine,
for it gives the rogues such an advantage!  It helps them to pillage
people of substance.  I am sure the allies would wish for us no better
religion than yours.  Unfortunately, everybody does not care to live
like sheep.  As for me, Pelsly--and I say it without wishing to annoy
you--I consider it folly to grow rich for the benefit of others.  But,
after all, you are honest folks; one cannot be angry with you: you have
been brought up from father to son in the same notions: what the
grandfather thought, the grandson thinks also.  But we will defend you
in spite of yourselves; and afterward we will let you tell us of the
peace eternal.  I am fond of discourses on peace, when I have nothing
else to do, and when I am thinking after dinner: then it rejoices my

After having said this, she turned round and went on carving her ham.

Pelsly opened his mouth and eyes, and Doctor Lorquin burst out laughing.

Just then the door opened, and one of the sentries who had been
stationed on the edge of the plateau, cried out, "Master Jean-Claude,
come and see.  I believe they are mounting the hill."

"It is well, Simon; I am coming," said Hullin, rising.  "Louise, kiss
me.  Have courage, my child.  Do not fear; all will go well."

He pressed her to his breast, her eyes swollen with tears.  She seemed
more dead than alive.

"Above all," said the worthy man, addressing Catherine, "let no one go
outside or near the windows."

Then he darted out into the road.

All those present turned pale.

When Master Jean-Claude had reached the verge of the hill, and cast his
eyes over Grandfontaine and Framont, three thousand mètres below, the
following sight presented itself to his eyes:

The Germans, who had arrived the evening before, a few hours after the
Cossacks, and had passed the night (about five or six thousand of them)
in the barns, stables, and sheds, were moving about like ants.  They
appeared on all sides in bodies of ten, fifteen, and twenty, buckling
their knapsacks and swords, and fixing their bayonets.

Besides these, the cavalry--the Uhlans, Cossacks, Hussars--in green,
blue, and gray uniforms striped with red and yellow--with their glazed
linen and sheepskin caps, colbacks, and helmets--were saddling their
horses and hastily rolling up their long cloaks.

Meanwhile the officers, in their great military cloaks, came down the
small staircase: some were looking up at the country; others were
embracing the women on the doorsteps.

Trumpeters, with their hands on their sides, were sounding the
roll-call at all the corners of the streets, and the drummers
tightening the cords of their instruments.

In short, through the broad expanse, one could see all their military
attitudes as they were on the point of starting.

A few peasants, leaning out of their windows, were watching the scene;
women were showing themselves at the loopholes of the garrets; and the
innkeepers were filling the gourds, Corporal Knout watching them


Hullin's sight was keen, and nothing escaped him; besides, for years he
had been accustomed to this sort of thing; but Lagarmitte, who had
never seen anything like it, was stupefied: "There are great numbers of
them," he exclaimed, shaking his head.

"Bah! what does that matter?" said Hullin.  "In my days we exterminated
three armies of them, of fifty thousand each, in six months; we were
not one against four.  All that thou seest there would not have been a
breakfast for us.  And besides, you may be sure, we shall not have to
kill them all; they will run like hares.  I have seen it before."

After these remarks, he resolved to inspect his men.  "Come on," he
said to the herdsman.

Then the two made their way behind the abatis, following a trench made
two days before in the snow, which had been frozen as hard as ice: the
felled trees in front of it, formed an insurmountable barrier, which
extended about six hundred mètres.  Below this was the broken-up road.

On coming near, Jean-Claude saw the mountaineers of Dagsburg crouching
at distances of twenty paces from each, other, in a sort of round nests
which they had dug out for themselves.

All these fine fellows were sitting on their knapsacks, with their
gourds to their right hand, their felts or foxskin caps drawn down upon
their heads, and their guns between their knees.  They had only to rise
to have a clear view of the road fifty feet below, at the foot of a
slippery descent.

Jean-Claude's arrival pleased them much.

"Ho, Master Hullin, shall we soon begin?"

"Yes, my boys, never fear; before an hour we shall be at it."

"Ah, so much the better!"

"Yes, but take care to aim at the breast: do not hurry, and show
yourselves no more than you can help."

"You may rest assured, Master Jean-Claude."

He passed on; but everywhere he met with a like reception.

"Do not forget," said he, "to stop firing when Lagarmitte sounds his
horn: it would be only powder lost."

Coming up to old Materne, who commanded all these men--numbering about
two hundred and fifty--he found him smoking his pipe, his nose fiery
red, and his beard stiffened with the cold.

"At, it is thou, Jean-Claude."

"Yes, I have come to shake your hand."

"In good time.  But why are they so slow in coming--tell me that?  Are
they going to march off in another direction?"

"Don't be afraid: they need the road for their artillery and baggage.
Hark! they are sounding 'to horse.'"

"Yes, I have seen already that they are preparing."  Then, chuckling to
himself: "Thou dost not know, Jean-Claude, what a funny thing I saw, a
few minutes ago, as I was looking toward Grandfontaine."

"What was it, my old friend?"

"I saw four Germans lay hold of big Dubreuil, the friend of the allies:
they stretched him on the stone bench by his door, and one great lanky
fellow gave him I know not how many cuts with a stick across his back.
Ha, ha, ha, he must have yelled, the old rascal!  I will wager that he
refused something to his good friends,--his wine of the year XI. for

Hullin heard no more: for, casting his eyes accidentally down the
valley, he caught sight of an infantry regiment coming up the road.
Farther back in the street, cavalry were seen coming, five or six
officers galloping in front of them.

"Ah, ah! there they come!" cried the old soldier, whose face glowed
suddenly with an expression of strange energy and enthusiasm.  "At last
they have made up their minds!"  Then he rushed out of the trench,
shouting: "Attention, my children!"

Passing by, he saw Riffi, the little tailor of Charmes, bending over a
long musket: the little man had been piling up the snow to give him a
better position for aiming.  Farther up, he saw the old wood-cutter
Rochart, his great shoes trimmed with sheepskin: he had taken a gulp at
his gourd, and was rising deliberately, having his carbine under his
arm and his cotton cap over his ears.

That was all: for in order to command the whole of the action, he had
to climb almost to the summit of the Donon, where there is a rock.

Lagarmitte followed, striding till his long legs looked like stilts.
Ten minutes after, when they had reached the top of the rock,
half-breathless, they perceived, fifteen hundred mètres below them, the
enemy's column, three thousand strong, with white great-coats, leather
belts, cloth gaiters, tall shakos, and red mustaches; and in the spaces
formed by the companies, the young officers, with flat caps, waving
their swords, and shouting in shrill voices: "Forward! forward!"

These troops were bristling with bayonets, and advancing at the charge
toward the breastworks.

Old Materne, his beaked nose rising above a juniper branch and his brow
erect, was also watching the arrival of the Germans; and as he was very
clear-sighted, he could distinguish even faces among the crowd, and
choose the man he wished to knock over.

In the centre of the column, on a large bay horse, an old officer was
advancing right ahead, with a white wig, a three-cornered hat trimmed
with gold, his waist encircled with a yellow scarf, and his breast
decorated with ribbons.  When this personage raised his head, the peak
of his hat, surmounted by a tuft of black plumes, formed a vizor.  He
had great wrinkles along his cheeks, and looked sufficiently stern.

"There is my man!" thought the old hunter, deliberately taking aim.

He fired, and when he looked again the old officer had disappeared.

Immediately the whole hill-side became enveloped in fire all along the
intrenchment; but the Germans, without replying, continued to advance
toward the breastworks, their guns on their shoulders, and as steadily
as though on parade.

To tell the truth, more than one brave mountaineer, father of a family,
seeing this forest of bayonets coming up, and notwithstanding the
excitement of battle, felt that he would have done better had he
remained in his village, than to have mixed himself up in such an
affair.  But, as the proverb says, "The wine was drawn, and it had to
be drunk."

Riffi, the little tailor, recalled the words of his wife Sapience:
"Riffi, you will get yourself crippled, and it will serve you right."

He vowed a costly offering to St. Leon's Chapel should he return from
the war; but at the same time he resolved to make good use of his

When they were about two hundred feet from the breastworks, the Germans
halted and began a rolling fire, such as had never been heard in the
mountain before.  It was a regular storm of shot: the balls in hundreds
tore away the branches, sent bits of broken ice flying in all
directions, or flattened themselves on the rocks on every side, leaping
up with a strange hissing noise, and passing by like flocks of pigeons.

All this did not stop the mountaineers from continuing their fire, but
it could no longer be heard.  The whole hill-side was wrapped in blue
smoke, which prevented their taking any aim.

About ten minutes later, there was the rolling of a drum, and all this
mass of men made a rush at the breastworks, their officers shouting,

The earth shook with them.

Materne, springing up in the trench, with quivering lips and in a
terrible voice, cried out, "To your feet! to your feet!"

It was time: for a good number of these Germans,--nearly all students
in philosophy, law, and medicine, heroes of the taverns of Munich,
Jena, and other places--who fought against us, because they had been
promised great things after Napoleon's fall--all these intrepid fellows
were climbing the icy slope, and endeavoring to jump into the

But they were received with the butt-end of the musket, and fell back
in disorder.

It was then that the gallant conduct of the old wood-cutter Rochart was
observable, knocking over, as he did, more than ten "kaiserlichs," whom
he took by the shoulder and hurled down the incline.  Old Materne's
bayonet was red with blood; and little Riffi never ceased loading his
musket and firing into the mass of Germans with great spirit.  Joseph
Larnette, who unluckily received a bullet in his eye; Hans Baumgarten,
who had his shoulder smashed; Daniel Spitz, who lost two fingers by a
sabre-cut, and many others, whose names should be honored and revered
for ages--all these never once left off firing and reloading their guns.

Below the slope fearful cries were heard, while above nothing but
bristling bayonets and men on horseback were to be seen.

This lasted a good quarter of an hour.  No one knew what the Germans
would do, since there was no passage; when they suddenly decided on
going away.  Most of the students had fallen, and the others--old
campaigners used to honorable retreats--no longer fought with the same

At first they retreated slowly, then more quickly.  Their officers
struck them from behind with the flat end of their swords; the
musketry-fire pursued them; and, finally, they ran away with as much
precipitation as they had been orderly in advancing.

Materne, and fifty others, rose upon the barricades, the old hunter
brandishing his carbine, and bursting into hearty roars of laughter.

At the foot of the bank were heaps of wounded dragging themselves along
the ground.  The trodden-down snow was red with blood.  In the midst of
the piles of dead were two young officers, still alive, but unable to
disengage themselves from their dead horses.

It was horrible!  But men are, in fact, savages: there was not one
among the mountaineers who pitied those poor wretches; but, on the
contrary, they seemed to rejoice at the sight.

Little Riffi, transported with a noble enthusiasm, just then glided out
along the bank.  To the left, underneath the breastworks, he had caught
sight of.  a superb horse, which had belonged to the colonel killed by
Materne, and had retired unhurt into his nook.

"Thou shalt be mine," said he to himself.  "Sapience will be

All the others envied him.  He seized the horse by the bridle and
sprang upon him; but judge of the general stupefaction, and of Riffi's
in particular, when this noble animal began to shape his course toward
the Germans in full gallop.

The little tailor lifted his hands to heaven, imploring God and all the

Materne would have liked much to fire; but he dared not, the horse went
so fast.

At last Riffi disappeared amid the bayonets of the enemy.

Everybody thought he had been killed.  However, an hour later, he was
to be seen passing along the main street of Grandfontaine, his hands
tied behind him, and Corporal Knout at his back, bearing his emblem of

Poor Riffi!  He alone did not partake of the triumph, and his comrades
laughed at his misfortune, as though he had been but a "kaiserlich."

Such is the character of men; so long as they are happy themselves, the
misery of others grieves them but little.



The mountaineers were almost beside themselves with enthusiasm: they
lifted their hands and bepraised one another, as if they were the cream
of mankind.

Catherine, Louise, Doctor Lorquin and all the others came out of the
farm, cheering and congratulating each other, gazing at the marks of
the bullets and at the bank blackened with powder; then at Joseph
Larnette stretched in his hole, having his head smashed; at Baumgarten,
who, with his arm hanging down, walked in great pallor toward the
ambulance; and then at Daniel Spitz, who, in spite of his sabre-cut,
wanted to stay and fight; but the doctor would not hear of it, and
forced him to enter the farm.

Louise came up with the little cart, and poured out brandy for the
combatants; while Catherine Lefèvre, standing at the edge of the
sloping bank, watched the dead and wounded scattered over the road, and
led up to by long lines of blood.  There were both young and old among
them, with faces white as wax, wide-opened eyes, and outstretched arms.
Some few tried to raise themselves, but no sooner had they done so than
they fell back again; others looked up as though they were afraid of
receiving some more bullets, and dragged themselves along the bank in
order to get under shelter.

Many of them seemed resigned to their fate, and were looking for a
place to die, or else watching their retreating regiment on its way to
Framont--that regiment with which they had quitted their homes, with
which they had made a long campaign, and which was now abandoning them!
"It will see old Germany again!" they thought.  "And when some one asks
the captain or the sergeant, 'Did you know such a one--Hans, Kasper,
Nickel, of the 1st or of the 2d company?' they will reply, 'Ah!  I
think so.  Had he not a scar on the ear, or on the cheek? fair or dark
hair? five feet six in height?  Yes, I know him.  He was buried in
France, near a little village whose name I do not remember.  Some
mountaineers killed him the same day big Major Yéri-Peter was killed.
He was a fine fellow!'  And then it is, 'Good-day to you.'"

Perhaps, too, there were some of them who dreamed of their mother, or
of a pretty girl left behind them, Gretchen or Lotchen, who had given,
them a ribbon, and shed hot tears when they left: "I will await thy
return, Kasper.  I will only marry thee!  Yes, yes, thou wilt have to
wait long!"

It was not pleasant to think of.

Madame Lefèvre, seeing this, thought of Gaspard.  Hullin, who came up
with Lagarmitte, cried out in a joyous tone, "Well, my boys, you have
been under fire.  Bravo! everything goes well.  The Germans will have
no occasion to boast of this day."

Then he embraced Louise, and hurried up to Catherine.

"Are you satisfied, Catherine?  There! our success is certain.  But
what is the matter?  You do not smile."

"Yes, Jean-Claude, all goes well.  I am satisfied.  But look down at
the road.  What a butchery!"

"It is only what happens in war," replied Hullin, gravely.

"Could we not go and help that little fellow down there, who watches us
with his large blue eyes?  He makes me feel so sad.  Or that tall, dark
man, who is binding his leg with his handkerchief?"

"Impossible, Catherine.  I am very sorry.  We should have to cut steps
in the ice to get down, and the Germans, who will be back in an hour or
two, would take advantage of them.  Let us go.  The victory must be
announced in all the villages--to Labarbe, Jérome, and Piorette.  Ho!
Simon, Niklo, Marchal, come here.  You will have to set out
immediately, and carry the great tidings to our comrades.  Materne,
keep thy eyes open, and warn me at the slightest movement."

They approached the farm, and, as he passed, Jean-Claude took a look at
the reserve, Marc Divès being on horseback surrounded by his men.  The
smuggler complained bitterly of being left with nothing to do, as if
his honor were tarnished thereby.

"Bah!" said Hullin, "so much the better!  Besides, thou keepest guard
over our right.  Look at that flat ground down there.  If we are
attacked from that point, thou wilt have to march!"

Divès made no answer; he looked both sad and indignant, nor did his
stalwart smugglers, wrapped in their cloaks, their long swords hanging
by their sides, seem at all in a better humor; one might have said that
they were meditating some revenge.

Hullin, not succeeding in consoling them, entered the farm-house.
Doctor Lorquin was extracting the ball from Baumgarten's wound, who was
making terrible cries.

Pelsly, on the doorstep, was trembling all over.  Jean-Claude asked him
for paper and ink, in order to transmit his orders through the
mountain; but the poor anabaptist could hardly give them to him, so
great was his trouble.  However, he succeeded at last, and the
messengers departed, proud of being charged to announce the first
battle and victory.

A few mountaineers were in the large room, warming themselves at the
oven and talking animatedly.  Daniel Spitz had already undergone
amputation of his two fingers, and sat behind the stove with his hand
bound up.

Those who had been posted behind the abatis before daybreak, not having
breakfasted, were now eating a crust of bread and drinking a glass of
wine, shouting, gesticulating, and making great bravado meanwhile.
Then they went out, looked at the intrenchments, came back to warm
themselves again, and laughed fit to split their sides when they spoke
of Riffi, and his wails and cries on horseback.

It was eleven o'clock.  These incomings and outgoings lasted till
twelve, when Marc Divès suddenly came into the room, calling
out:--"Hullin!  Where is Hullin?"

"Here I am."

"Well, then, come!"

The smuggler's tone had something remarkable about it: from being a
moment before furious at having taken no part in the fight, he had now
become triumphant.  Jean-Claude followed him, feeling very uneasy: and
the large room was immediately deserted, everybody being convinced,
from Marc's manner, that there was something serious the matter.

To the right of the Donon extends the ravine of Minières, through which
runs a foaming torrent when the snows melt--descending from the summit
of the mountain to the valley.

Exactly in front of the plateau defended by the partisans, and on the
other side of this ravine, at a distance of five or six hundred mètres,
projects a sort of open terrace with rugged sides, which Hullin had
considered unnecessary to occupy for the time, wishing not to divide
his forces, and seeing, besides, that it would be easy for him to turn
this position by the pine-clumps, and to establish himself there, if
the enemy showed any intention to take it.

Now imagine the consternation of the worthy man when, on reaching the
door of the farm-house, he saw two companies of Germans climbing this
ascent, among the gardens of Grandfontaine, having two field-pieces
yoked to powerful horses, which appeared to hang over the precipice.  A
troop was pushing at the wheels, and in a few seconds the guns would
have reached the plateau.

It was like a thunder-bolt for Jean-Claude; he turned pale, and then
into a great passion with Divès.

"Couldst thou not have warned me sooner?" he cried.  "Did I not command
thee to watch over the ravine?  Our position is turned.  They will hem
us in, and cut us off from the road farther on.  Everything is going to
the deuce."

The people present, and old Materne himself, who had come up in great
haste, were startled by the glance he darted at the smuggler; who,
notwithstanding his usual audacity, was quite confused, not knowing
what to reply.

"Come, come, Jean-Claude," said he at last, "be calm.  It is not so
serious as thou sayest.  We have not fought yet--we others; and
besides, we have no cannons--so it will be the very thing for us."

"Yes, the very thing for us, imbecile!  Thy self-love made thee wait
till the last minute, did it not?  Thou wert too eager to fight, and
have an opportunity for boasting and making bravado; and for that thou
didst not hesitate to risk all our lives.  Look! there are other troops
being got ready at Framont."

In fact, another column, much stronger than the first, was just then
marching out of Framont at the charge, and advancing against the
breastworks.  Divès did not say a word.  Hullin controlled his anger,
and became suddenly calm in the presence of danger.

"Go back to your posts," he said briefly to those around him.  "Let all
be ready for the coming attack.  Materne, listen!"

The old hunter inclined his head.  Meanwhile, Marc Divès had recovered
his self-possession.

"Instead of screaming like a woman," said he, "thou wouldst do better
to give me orders to attack down there, by turning the ravine at the

"Then do it!" replied Jean-Claude; and in a calmer tone: "Listen, Marc!
I am very angry with thee.  We were conquerors; and by thy fault the
battle has to be fought over again.  If thou failest in thy attack, all
is lost for us."

"Good! good!  The affair is altogether mine: I will answer for it."

Then, springing on his horse, and throwing the end of his mantle over
his shoulder, he drew his long blade with a defiant air.  His men did
the same.

He then turned to the reserve, composed of five hundred mountaineers,
and showing the plateau to them with the point of his sword, said,
"Look there, my men! we must carry that position.  The men of Dagsburg
must not say that they are braver than the men of the Sarre.  Forward!"
And, full of ardor, they advanced, skirting the ravine.  Hullin shouted
to them--"At the point of your bayonets!"

The big smuggler, on his great sleek roan, turned round, laughing out
of the corners of his mustache, and waved his sword in a significant
way; then the whole body dashed into the pine-wood.

At the same time the Germans, with their eight-pounders, had gained the
plateau, and were putting them in position, while the column from
Framont was ascending the hill-side.  Thus everything was in the same
condition as before the battle,--with this difference, that the
enemies' bullets would now come into play and take the mountaineers in
the rear.

One could see distinctly the two field-pieces with their cramp-irons,
levers, sponges, artillerymen, and the officer commanding, a great
lanky fellow, with broad shoulders and fair mustaches floating in the
wind.  The blue shades of the valley seeming to diminish the distance,
they looked as though you might have touched them; but Hullin and
Materne were not to be deceived; it was a good six hundred mètres
across.  No carbine could reach so far.  Nevertheless, the old hunter,
before returning to the abatis, wished to have his mind set quite at
rest.  He advanced as close as possible to the ravine, followed by
his-son Kasper and a few mountaineers; and, leaning against a tree, he
raised his gun deliberately and took aim at the tall officer with the
fair mustaches.  All those about him held their breath for fear of
balking the attempt.

Materne fired, but when he laid down his weapon to see what had
occurred, no change had taken place.

"It is astonishing how age weakens the sight," he said.

"Your weakened sight!" cried Kasper.  "There is not a man from the
Vosges to Switzerland who can boast of hitting his mark at two hundred
mètres like you!"

The old hunter knew well it was the case, but he did not wish to
discourage the others.

"Well," he replied, "we have no time for disputing.  Here is the enemy
again; let each do his duty."  Although these words seemed simple and
calm enough, Materne was very much troubled in reality.  On entering
the trench confused sounds met his ear--the clattering of arms and the
regular tramp of many feet.  He looked down over the steep bank, and
now saw the Germans, who this time carried long ladders with hooks at
the end.

It was not a pleasant sight for the brave fellow: he made a sign to his
son to approach, and said to him, in a low voice, "Kasper, that looks
bad--very bad; the rascals are coming with ladders.  Give me thy hand!
I should like to have thee near me, and Frantz as well; but we must
defend ourselves with steadiness."

At this moment a great explosion shook the abatis, and a hoarse voice
was heard crying out, "Ah, my God!"  Then a hundred paces distant there
was a heavy sound, and a fine tree bent down slowly and fell into the
abyss.  It was the first cannon-ball: it had cut off old Rochart's
legs.  It was followed by another immediately after, which covered all
the mountaineers with broken ice, and made a great rumbling.  Old
Materne himself had bent down under the force of the explosion, but
raising himself quickly, he shouted, "Let us revenge ourselves, my
children.  They are before you.  To conquer or die!"

Fortunately the panic of the mountaineers only lasted a second: they
all understood that the slightest hesitation and they were lost.  Two
ladders had already been raised, notwithstanding the fusillade, and
were being attached to the bank by their iron hooks.  This sight made
the partisans furious, and the fight became more terrible and desperate
than before.

Hullin had noticed the ladders before Materne had, and his wrath
against Divès increased; but as in such a case indignation is of no
avail, he had sent Lagarmitte to tell Frantz Materne, who had been
posted on the other side of the Donon, to come to him quickly with half
his men.  We may well believe the brave fellow, warned of the danger
his father was in, lost not a moment.  Already their large black hats
could be seen climbing the hill-side amid the snows, their carbines
slung across their shoulders.  They came with all despatch,
nevertheless Jean-Claude met them, with a haggard expression in his
eyes, and shouted in a vibrating voice, "Come quicker! at that rate you
will never reach us."

He was in a towering passion, and attributed all the misfortune to the

Meanwhile Marc Divès, in about half an hour, had gone round the ravine,
and, from the back of his tall horse, began to perceive the two
companies of Germans, with grounded arms, about a hundred feet behind
the guns, which were being fired upon the trench.  Then, approaching
the mountaineers, he said to them, in a stifled voice, while the
reports of the cannon were re-echoed in the gorge and in the distance
the noise of battle was heard: "Comrades, you must attack the infantry
with your bayonets: I and my men will be answerable for the rest.  Is
it understood?"

"Yes, it is understood."

"Then, forward!"

The whole troop advanced in good order toward the outskirts of the
wood, big Piercy of Soldatenthal at their head.  Nearly at the same
instant the _Wer da?_ ("Who there?") of a sentinel was heard; then two
shots; a loud cry of "Vive la France!" and the trampling of many feet
in a charge.  The brave mountaineers threw themselves like wolves on
the enemy.

Divès stood up in his stirrups and watched them with great glee.  "That
is well," said he.

The _mêlée_ was a terrible one; the ground trembled with it.  The
Germans were firing no more than the partisans: the affair was passing
in silence; the clashing of bayonets and the sound of sabre-strokes,
with here and there a rifle-shot, shouts of anger and a great tumult:
except these, one could hear nothing else.  The smugglers, with
outstretched necks and sword in hand, sniffed the carnage and awaited
the signal from their chief with impatience.

"Now, it is our turn," said Divès, at length.  "The guns must be ours."

And out of the underwood they sprang, and their large cloaks flying
behind them like wings, they dashed forward, bending in their saddles
and pointing their swords.

"Never mind cutting!  Run them through!" cried Divès once more.

That was all he said.

In a second, the twelve vultures were down upon the guns.  Among their
number were four old Spanish dragoons and two cuirassiers of the guard,
whom a life of danger had attached to Marc: so I leave you to imagine
how they fought.  Blows from lever, rammer, and sabre, the only arms
the gunners had to hand, rained upon them like hail; they parried them
all, and every cut they made brought down a man.

Marc Divès received two pistol-shots, of which one singed his left
cheek and the other carried away his hat.  But, at the same time,
bending over his saddle, his long arms stretched out, he transfixed the
big officer with the fair mustaches to his gun; then raising himself
deliberately, and gazing round him with a frown, said, in a sententious
manner: "We have cleared out the rubbish! the guns are ours."

To get a good idea of this terrible scene, you must imagine the crowd
on the plateau of Minières.  The cries, the neighings of horses, the
flight of some, who threw down their arms in order to run the faster,
the desperation of others;--beyond the ravine, the ladders covered with
white uniforms and bristling with bayonets; the mountaineers above the
escarpment defending themselves with obstinacy; the hill-sides, the
road, and, above all, the space outside the breastworks, encumbered
with dead and wounded;--the great numbers of the enemy, their muskets
over their shoulders and their officers in the midst of them, pressing
forward into action; and, finally, Materne standing on the crest of the
hill, his bayonet in the air, his mouth opened wide, shouting wildly to
his son Frantz, who was advancing with his troop, Master Jean-Claude at
their head, to aid the mountaineers.  You should have heard the
fusillade, the platoon and file firing, and, above all, the distant
confused shouts, intermixed with sharp wails dying away among the
mountain echoes.  To gain a good idea of the scene, you should imagine
all these as concentrated into one moment and surveyed with a rapid

But Divès was not of a contemplative turn: he lost no time in making
poetical reflections on the uproar and savagery of the battle.  With
one look he had taken in the whole situation; so, springing from his
horse, he went up to the first gun, which was still loaded, aimed it at
the ladders, and fired.

Then there arose wild clamors, and the smuggler, peering through the
smoke, saw that fearful havoc had been made in the enemy's ranks.  He
waved his hands in sign of triumph, and the mountaineers on the
breastworks answered with a general hurrah.

"Now then, dismount," said he to his men, "and don't go to sleep.  A
cartridge, a ball, and some turf.  We will sweep the road.  Look out!"

The smugglers put themselves in position, and continued to fire with
enthusiasm upon the white coats.  The bullets rained into their ranks.
At the tenth discharge there was a general _sauve-qui-peut_.

"Fire! fire!" shouted Marc.

And the partisans, now supported by Frantz's troop, regained, under
Hullin's directions, the positions which they had for the moment lost.

The whole of the hill-side was soon covered with dead and wounded.  It
was then four in the evening; night was approaching.  The last ball
fell into the street of Grandfontaine, and rebounding on the angle of
the pavement, knocked down the chimney of the "Red Ox."

About six hundred men perished that day: there were, of course, many
mountaineers among them, but the greater number were "kaiserlichs."
Had it not been for the fire of Marc Divès's cannon, all would have
been lost; the partisans were not one against ten, and the enemy had
already begun to gain on the trenches.



The Germans, huddled together in Grandfontaine, fled in crowds in the
direction of Framont, on foot and on horseback, hurrying, dragging
along their ammunition-wagons, strewing the road with their knapsacks,
and looking behind as though they feared to find the partisans at their

In Grandfontaine they destroyed everything out of sheer revenge; they
smashed in doors and windows, maltreated the people, demanded food and
drink indiscriminately.  Their shouts and curses, the commands of their
officers, the murmurs of the townsfolk, the artillery rolling over the
bridge of Framont, the shrill cries of the wounded horses, were heard
as a confused murmur at the breastworks.

The hill-side was covered with arms, shakos, and dead; in fact, with
all the signs of a great rout.  In front was Marc Divès's cannon
directed down the valley, ready to fire in case of a fresh attack.

All was finished, and finished well.  Yet no shout of triumph rose from
the intrenchments: the losses of the mountaineers, in this last
assault, had been too great for that.  There was something solemn in
this silence succeeding to the uproar; all these men who had escaped
the carnage, looked grave, as though astonished to see each other
again.  Some few called a friend, others a brother, who did not answer;
and then they searched for them in the trenches, along the breastworks,
or on the slopes, calling "Jacob, Philip, is it thou?"

Night came on; and the gray shadow creeping over everything, added
mystery to these fearful scenes.  The people came and went among the
wrecks of the battle without recognizing each other.

Materne, having wiped his bayonet, called hoarsely to his
boys:--"Kasper!  Frantz!" and seeing them approach in the darkness, he
asked, "Is that you?"

"Yes, we are here."

"Are you safe? are you wounded?"


The old hunter's voice became hoarser and more trembling still:--"Then
we are all three united once more," said he, in a low tone.

And he, whom none would have thought to be so tender, embraced his sons
warmly.  They could hear his chest heaving with suppressed sobs.  They
were both much moved, and said to each other,--"We never dreamed that
he loved us so much!"

But the old man, soon recovering from his emotion, called out, "It was
a hard day, though, my boys.  Let us have something to drink, for I am

Then, casting one last look on the dark slopes, and seeing that Hullin
had placed sentinels at short distances apart, they proceeded toward
the farmhouse.

As they were picking their way carefully through the trenches,
encumbered with the dead, they heard a stifled voice, which said to
them, "Is it thou, Materne?"

"Ah! forgive me, my poor old Rochart," replied the hunter, bending over
him, "if I touched thee.  What, art thou still here?"

"Yes, I cannot get away, for I have no longer any legs to carry me."

They remained silent for a moment, when the old wood-cutter
continued,--"Thou wilt tell my wife that in a bag behind the closet,
there are five pieces of six.  I have saved them up, in case we either
of us fell ill.  I no longer need them."

"That is to say--that is to say--But thou mayst recover still, my poor
old fellow.  We will carry thee away."

"No; it is not worth the trouble: I cannot last more than an hour.  It
would only make me linger."

Materne, without answering, signed to Kasper to place his carbine with
his own, so as to form a stretcher, and Frantz placed the old
wood-cutter upon them, notwithstanding his moans.  In this way they
arrived at the farm.

All the wounded who during the combat had had strength to drag
themselves to the ambulance were now assembled there; and Doctor
Lorquin and his comrade Dubois, who had arrived during the day, had
work enough to do.  But all was far from being over yet.

As Materne, his boys, and Rochart were traversing the dark alley under
the lantern, they heard to their left a cry which made their blood run
cold, and the old wood-cutter, half dead, called out, "Why do you take
me there?  I will not go; I will not have anything done to me."

"Open the door, Frantz," said Materne, his face streaming with
perspiration.  "Open it!  Be quick!"

Frantz having pushed open the door, they beheld in the centre of the
low room with its large brown beams, Colard's son stretched out full
length on a great kitchen-table, a man at each arm and a bucket beneath
him.  Doctor Lorquin, his shirtsleeves turned up to his elbows, and a
short saw in his hand, was cutting off the poor fellow's leg, while
Dubois stood by with a large sponge.  The blood trickled into the pail.
Colard was as white as death.

Catherine Lefèvre was there with a roll of lint on her arm.  She seemed
calm; but her teeth were clinched, and she fastened her eyes on the
ground as though determined to witness nothing.

"It is finished," said the doctor, turning round; and perceiving the
new-comers, "Ha! it is you, Father Rochart!" he exclaimed.

"Yes, it is I; but I will not let any one touch me.  I would rather die
as I am."

The doctor lifted up a candle, looked at him, and made a grimace.

"It is time to see to you, my poor old fellow.  You have lost much
blood, and if we wait longer it will be too late."

"So much the better!  I have suffered enough in my life."

"As you like.  Let us pass on to another."

He cast his eyes over a long line of straw mattresses at the end of the
room; the two last were empty, but covered with blood.  Materne and
Kasper laid the old wood-cutter down on the last, while Dubois,
approaching another wounded man, said, "Nicolas, it is thy turn!"

Nicolas Cerf raised his pale face and his eyes glistened with fright.

"Let him have a glass of brandy," said the doctor.

"No, I would rather smoke my pipe."

"Where is thy pipe?"

"In my waistcoat pocket."

"Good, I have found it.  And the tobacco?"

"In my trousers."

"All right.  Fill his pipe, Dubois.  He is a plucky fellow; it gives
one pleasure to see a man like that.  We are going to take off thy arm
in a trice."

"Is there no way of saving it, Monsieur Lorquin, to bring up my poor
children?  It is their only resource."

"No; it is no use; the bone is smashed.  Light the pipe, Dubois.  Now,
Nicolas, smoke away."

The unhappy fellow began, though evidently without relish.

"Is all ready?" asked the doctor.

"Yes," replied Nicolas, in a husky voice.

"Good.  Attention, Dubois!  Sponge away."

And he made a rapid turn in the flesh with a great knife.  Nicolas
ground his teeth.  The blood spurted up, and Dubois bound up something
tightly.  The saw grated for two seconds, and the arm fell heavily on
the boards.

"That is what I call a well-performed operation," said Lorquin.

Nicolas was no longer smoking; the pipe had fallen from his lips.
David Schlosser, of Walsch, who had held him, let go.  They bound up
the stump with linen, and, all unaided, Nicolas went to lie down on the

"One more finished!  Sponge the table well, Dubois, and let us go on to
another," said the doctor, washing his hands in a large bowl.

Each time that he said, "Let us go on to another," the wounded moved
uneasily, terrified by the screams they heard and the glittering knives
they saw.  But what was to be done?  Every room in the farm, the
granary, and the lofts was full.  They were thus obliged to operate
under the eyes of those who would soon in their turns come beneath the
painful knife.

The operation had taken but a few seconds.  Materne and his sons looked
on for the same reason as one looks at other horrible things,--to know
what they are like.  Then in the corner, under the old china clock,
they saw a heap of amputated limbs.

Nicolas's arm had already been cast among them, and a ball was now
being extracted from the shoulder of a red-whiskered mountaineer of the
Harberg.  They opened deep gashes in his back; his flesh quivered, and
the blood coursed down his powerful limbs.

The dog Pluto, behind the doctor, looked on with an attentive air, as
though he understood, and from time to time stretched himself and
yawned loudly.

Materne could look on no longer.

"Let us get out of this," said he.

Hardly were they outside the door, when they heard the doctor exclaim,
"I have got the ball!" which must indeed have been satisfactory to the
man from the Harberg.

Once outside, Materne, inhaling the cold air with, delight, exclaimed:
"Only think that the same might have happened to us!"

"True," said Kasper; "to get a ball in one's head is nothing; but to be
cut up in that style, and then to beg one's bread for the rest of one's

"Bah!  I should do the same as old Rochart," said Frantz.  "I should
die quietly.  The old fellow was right.  When one has done one's duty,
why should one be afraid?"

Just then the hum of voices was heard on their right.

"It is Marc Divès and Hullin," said Kasper, listening.

"Yes; they must be just returning from throwing up breastworks behind
the pine-wood, to protect the cannon," added Frantz.

They listened again; the footsteps came nearer.

"Thou must be very much bothered with these three prisoners," said
Hullin, roughly.  "Since thou returnest to the Falkenstein to-night to
get ammunition, what prevents thee from taking them away?"

"Where are they to be put?"

"Why, in the communal prison of Abreschwiller, to be sure.  We cannot
keep them here."

"All right, I understand, Jean-Claude.  And if they try to escape on
the way, I am to use my sword?"

"Just so."

By this time they had reached the door, and Hullin, perceiving Materne,
could not suppress a shout of enthusiasm: "Ah!  Is it thou, old fellow?
I have been searching for thee an hour.  Where the devil wert thou?"

"We have been carrying poor Rochart to the ambulance, Jean-Claude."

"Ah! it is a sad affair, isn't it?"

"Yes; it is sad."

There was a moment's pause, and the satisfaction of the worthy man
again became visible.

"It is not at all lively," said he; "but what is to be done when one
goes to the war?  You are not hurt any of you?"

"No; we are all three safe and sound."

"So much the better.  Those who are left can boast of being lucky."

"True," cried Marc Divès, laughing.  "At one time I thought Materne was
going to give way.  Without those cannon-balls at the finish, things
would have gone badly."

Materne colored, and glanced sideways at the smuggler.

"Perhaps so," said he, dryly; "but without the cannon-balls at the
beginning, we should not have needed those at the end.  Old Rochart,
and fifty other brave men, would still have had their arms and legs,
and our victory would not have been clouded."

"Bah!" interrupted Hullin, anticipating a dispute between the two brave
fellows, neither of whom was remarkable for his conciliatory
disposition.  "Leave that alone.  Every one has done his duty; and that
is the chief thing."

Then, addressing Materne: "I have just sent a flag of truce to Framont,
to bid the Germans carry away their wounded.  In an hour, I dare say,
they will be here.  Our sentries must be warned to let them approach if
they come without arms and with torches.  If in any other way, let them
be received with a volley."

"I will go at once," answered the old hunter.

"Materne, thou wilt afterward sup at the farm with thy boys."

"Agreed, Jean-Claude."

And he went off.

Hullin then bade Frantz and Kasper light great bivouac fires; Marc was
at once to feed his horses, so that he might go without delay to
procure ammunition.  Seeing them hurrying away, Hullin turned into the



At the end of the dark alley was the yard of the farm, into which one
descended by five or six well-worn steps.  On the left were the granary
and the wine-press; to the right the stables and pigeon-cot, the gables
of which stood out black on the dark cloudy sky; and in front of the
door was the laundry.

No sound from the outside reached the yard.  After so many tumultuous
scenes, Hullin was impressed by the deep silence.  He looked up at the
piles of straw hanging from the beams of the granary roof, the ploughs
and carts in the shadows of the outhouses, and an inexpressible feeling
of calm and repose came over him.  A cock was roosting quietly among
the hens on the wall.  A big cat, darting quickly by, disappeared
through a hole into the cellar.  Hullin thought himself in a dream.

After a few moments spent in silent contemplation, he walked slowly
toward the laundry, the three windows of which shone brightly in the
darkness: for the farm-kitchen not being large enough for preparing
food for three or four hundred men, it was now being used for the
purposes of cooking.

Master Jean-Claude heard Louise's clear voice giving orders in a
resolute tone, which astonished him.

"Now, Katel, quick! supper-time is near.  Our people must be hungry.
Since six in the morning they have taken nothing, and have been
fighting all the time.  They must not be kept waiting.  Come, bestir
yourself, Lesselé; bring the salt and pepper!"

Jean-Claude's heart leaped within him at the sound of this voice.  He
could not help gazing for a minute through the window before entering.

The kitchen was large, with low whitewashed ceiling.  A beechwood fire
crackled on the hearth, its red flames encircling the sides of an
immense kettle.  The charming figure of Louise, wearing her short
petticoat so as to move unimpeded, a bright color in her face, the
short red body of her dress leaving uncovered her round shoulders and
white neck, stood out clearly in the foreground.  She was in all the
bustle of the occasion, coming and going, tasting the soup and sauces
with a knowing air, and approving and criticising everything.

"A little more salt!  Lesselé, have you almost done plucking that great
lean cock?  At this rate we shall never have finished!"

It was delightful to see her thus busily commanding.  It brought tears
into Hullin's eyes.

The two daughters of the anabaptist--one tall, thin, and pale, with her
large flat feet encased in round shoes, her red hair fastened up in a
little black cap, her blue stuff dress falling in folds to her heels;
the other fat, slowly lifting up one foot after the other, and waddling
along like a duck--forming a striking contrast to Louise.

The stout Katel went panting about without saying a word, while Lesselé
performed everything in her sleepy methodical way.

The worthy anabaptist himself, seated at the end of the room, with his
legs crossed on a wooden chair, his cotton cap on his head, and his
hands in his blouse pockets, looked on with a wondering air, addressing
to them sententious exhortations from time to time: "Lesselé, Katel! be
obedient, my children.  Let this be for your instruction.  You have not
yet seen the world.  You must be quicker and sharper."

"Yes, yes, you must bestir yourselves," added Louise.  "Gracious! what
should become of us if we stood thinking months and weeks before
putting a little onion into a sauce!  Lesselé, you are the tallest,
unhook me that parcel of onions from the ceiling."

The girl obeyed.

Hullin had never felt prouder in his life.

"How she makes them move about!" thought he.  "Ah! ha! ha! she is like
a little hussar.  I never should have believed it."

After having watched them for five minutes, he went into the room.

"Well done, my children!"

Louise was holding a soup-ladle at the time.  She let it fall, and
threw herself into his arms, crying: "Papa Jean-Claude, is it you? you
are not wounded?  Nothing is the matter with you?"

At the sound of this voice, Hullin turned pale, and could make no
reply.  After a long silence, pressing her to his heart, he said: "No,
Louise, I am quite well; I am very happy."

"Sit down, Jean-Claude," said the anabaptist, seeing him trembling with
emotion; "here, take my chair."

Hullin sat down, and Louise, with her arms on his shoulder, began to

"What is the matter, my child?" said the worthy man, kissing her.
"Come, calm thyself.  Only a few seconds ago thou wert so courageous."

"Oh, yes, but I was only acting; I was very much afraid.  I thought,
'Why does he not come?'"

She threw her arms round his neck.  Then a strange idea came into her
head.  She took him by the hand, crying: "Papa Jean-Claude, let us
dance, let us dance!"

And they made three or four turns.  Hullin could not help laughing, and
turning toward the grave anabaptist, said: "We are rather mad, Pelsly;
do not let that astonish you."

"No, Master Hullin, it is quite natural.  King David himself danced
before the ark after his great victory over the Philistines."

Jean-Claude, astonished to find that he was like King David, made no

"And thou, Louise," he continued, stopping, "thou wert not afraid
during this last battle?"

"Oh, at first, with all the noise and the roaring of the cannons; but
afterward I only thought of you and of Mamma Lefèvre."

Master Jean-Claude grew silent again.

"I knew," thought he, "that she was a brave girl.  She has everything
in her favor."

Louise taking him by the hand, then led him to a regiment of pans
around the fire, and showed him with delight her kitchen.

"Here is the beef and roast mutton, here is General Jean-Claude's
supper, and here is the soup for our wounded.  Haven't we been busy!
Lesselé and Katel would tell you so.  And here is our bread," said she,
pointing to a long row of loaves arranged on the table.  "Mamma Lefèvre
and I mixed up the flour."

Hullin looked on astonished.

"But that is not all," said she; "come over here."

She took off the lid of a saucepan, and the kitchen was immediately
filled with a savory odor which would have rejoiced the heart of a

Jean-Claude was deeply touched by all these proofs of attention to the
wants of his men.

Just then Mother Lefèvre came in.

"Well," said she, "prepare the table; everybody is waiting over there.
Come, Katel, go and lay the cloth."

The girl went running out to do so.

They all crossed the dark yard and made their way toward the large
room.  Doctor Lorquin, Dubois, Marc Divès, Materne, and his two boys,
all very hungry, were awaiting the soup impatiently.

"How about our wounded, doctor?" said Hullin, on entering.

"They have all been attended to, Master Jean-Claude.  You have given us
plenty of work to do; but the weather is favorable; there is nothing to
fear from putrid fevers; things wear a pleasant aspect."

Katel, Lesselé, and Louise soon came in bearing an immense tureen of
smoking soup and two sirloins of roast beef, which they deposited on
the table.  They all sat down without ceremony--old Materne to the
right of Jean-Claude, Catherine Lefèvre to the left; and from that time
the clatter of spoons and forks and the gurgling of the bottles took
the place of conversation till half-past eight in the evening.  The
glow which might be seen from the outside upon the windows, proved that
the volunteers were doing justice to Louise's cookery, which
contributed greatly to the enjoyment of her guests.

At nine o'clock Marc Divès was on his way to Falkenstein with the
prisoners.  At ten everybody was asleep at the farm, on the plateau,
and around the watchfires.  The silence was only broken by the passing
of the patrols and the challenge of the sentinels.

Thus terminated, this great day, after the mountaineers had proved that
they had not degenerated from their ancestors.

Other events, not less important, were soon to succeed those which had
already taken place: for in this world, when one obstacle is
surmounted, others present themselves.  Human life resembles a restless
sea: one wave follows another from the old world to the new, and
nothing arrests its ever-lasting movement.



All through the battle, till the close of night, the good people of
Grandfontaine had observed the poor crazy Yégof standing upon the crest
of the Little Donon, and, his crown on his head, with his sceptre held
aloft, like a Merovingian king, shouting commands to his phantom
armies.  What passed through his mind when he saw the utter rout of the
Germans no one can say; but at the last cannon-shot he disappeared.
Where did he betake himself?  On this point the people of Tiefenbach
have the following story:--

At that time there lived upon the Bocksberg two singular
creatures--sisters--one named "little Kateline," and the other "great
Berbel."  These creatures, who were almost in tatters, had taken up
their abode in the "Cave of Luitprandt," so called, according to old
chronicles, because the German king, before invading Alsace, had caused
to be interred in that immense vault of red sandstone the savage chiefs
who had fallen in the battle of Blutfeld.  The hot spring which always
bubbles in the middle of the cavern protected the eerie sisters from
the sharp colds of winter; and the woodcutter, Daniel Horn, of
Tiefenbach, had been good enough to fill up the largest entrance to the
rock with heaps of brushwood.  By the side of the hot spring there is
another, cold as ice and clear as crystal.  Kateline, who always drank
of its waters, was scarce four foot high, thick-set and bloated; and
her cowering figure, her round eyes and enormous goitre, rendered her
whole appearance peculiarly suggestive of a big turkey-hen in a
reverie.  Every Sunday she carried into Tiefenbach a great basket,
which the people of the place filled with boiled potatoes, crusts of
bread, and occasionally, on high days, with cakes and other remains of
their festivals;--with which she reascended breathlessly to her rocky
home, muttering, gibbering, and behaving in the absurdest way.
Meanwhile Berbel took care to drink from the cold spring: she was
gaunt, one-eyed, scraggy as a bat, with a flat nose, large ears, a
gleaming eye, and thrived upon the booty obtained by her sister.
Seldom did she descend from the Bocksberg, except in July, at the time
of greatest heat--when she proceeded to launch her incantations--her
enchanting-wand a withered thistle--against the crops of those who had
failed to contribute to her sister's basket.  These imprecations were
always believed to be followed by dire storms, hail, and destructive
vermin without stint: whence they came to be dreaded as the plague, and
the hag herself to be regarded as a weather-witch (_Wetterhexe_), while
"little Kateline" was looked upon as the good genius of Tiefenbach and
its neighborhood.  In such wise Berbel folded her arms and took her
ease in her cave, while her sister went gibbering along the highways.

Unfortunately for the sisters, Yégof had for many years established his
winter-quarters in "Luitprandt's cavern;" and it was thence he set
forth every spring on a visit to his innumerable châteaux and
feudatories, as far as Geierstein in the Hundsrück.  Every year,
therefore, toward the end of November, after the first snows, he
arrived with his raven, to the accompaniment of piercing cries from

"What have you to grumble at?" he would say, while installing himself
in the place of honor.  "Are you not intruders upon my domain, and am I
not truly good to permit two such useless old hags (_Valkyries_) to
stay in the Valhalla of my fathers?"

Then Berbel, in a rage, used to overwhelm him with abuse, while
Kateline gave vent to her dissatisfaction in thick unintelligible
utterances; but he, regardless of both, lit his old box pipe and set
himself to describe his endless peregrinations to the ghosts of the
German warriors buried in the cavern sixteen centuries before, calling
upon each of them by name, and addressing them as personages still
living.  From this it will be understood with what disgust the arrival
of the maniac came to be regarded by Kateline and Berbel; in fact for
both it was nothing less than a calamity.

Now in the year we are speaking of, Yégof, having failed to return to
them at the proper time, induced the sisters to believe that he was
dead and to rejoice at the idea of seeing no more of him.  But for many
days Wetterhexe had remarked an extraordinary movement going on in the
neighboring gorges, and men marching off in bodies, shouldering their
muskets, from the sides of Falkenstein and Donon.  Clearly something
was taking place out of the common.  Recollecting that the year before
Yégof had informed the phantoms of the cave that his armies, in
countless hosts, were coming to invade the country, the sorceress was
seized with a vague apprehension and anxiety to learn the cause of so
much agitation; but no one came up to the cave, and Kateline having
made her rounds on the previous Sunday, could not have been induced to
stir out for the gift of a kingdom.

In this state of apprehension, Wetterhexe went and came upon the side
of the mountain and became hourly more restless and irritable.  During
the whole of that Saturday events assumed quite another aspect.  From
nine o'clock in the morning deep and heavy explosions began to growl
like a continuous storm among the thousand echoes of the mountain;
while far away in the direction of Donon, the swift lightnings swept up
across the sky among the peaks; then toward night the discharges
deepening in intensity filled the silent gorges with an indescribable
tumult.  At every report the Hengst, the Gantzlee, the Giromani, and
the Grosmann cliffs seemed to echo to their lowest depths.

"What can it be?" cried Berbel.  "Has the end of the world come?"

Then re-entering her lurking-place, and finding Kateline crouched in
her corner and munching a potato, Berbel shook her roughly and hissed
out:--"Fool! have you got no ears?  Is there anything that you fear?
You are good for nothing but eating, drinking, and mumbling.  Oh, you

She snatched away the potato in a rage, and then seated herself by the
side of the hot spring, which was sending up its gray fumes to the
roof.  Half an hour after, the darkness having become intense and the
cold excessive, she made a fire of brushwood, which shed its pale
gleams upon the blocks of red sandstone and lit up the farthest corner
of the cave, where Kateline was now asleep, huddled in the straw, with
her chin upon her knees.  Without, the noisy tumult had ceased.  Then
withdrawing the brushwood curtain from the mouth of the cave, she
peered out into the darkness, and returned to crouch down, by the
spring.  With her large lips compressed, her eyes closed, and the great
round wrinkles playing upon her cheeks, she drew round her knees an old
woollen covering, and appeared to fall asleep.  Throughout the cavern
there was no sound, except that of the congealed vapor, which fell back
at long intervals into the spring with a strange splashing noise.

This silence lasted for about two hours; midnight was approaching, when
all of a sudden a distant sound of footsteps, mingled with discordant
cries, was heard outside the cave.  Berbel listened, and at once
perceived that they were human cries.  Then she rose, trembling, and,
armed with her thistle-wand, proceeded to the entrance of the cave;
whence, through the screen of brushwood, she saw, at fifty paces
distant, Yégof advancing toward her in the moonlight.  He was alone,
but gesticulating and waving his sceptre, as if myriads of invisible
beings were about him.

"Hark, ye red men!" he was shrieking, with, beard sticking up on end,
his hair streaming about his head, and his dog-skin upon his arm.
"Hark, ye red men!  Roog!  Bled!  Adelrik! hark!  Will ye not hear me
at last?  Do you not see they are coming?  Behold them cleaving the sky
like vultures.  Hark to me.  Let this miserable race be annihilated!
Ha, ha! it is you, Minau! it is you, Rochart ... ha! ha!"  And
addressing the dead upon the Donon, he called upon them defiantly, as
if they were standing before him; and then fell back a step at a time,
striking the air, uttering imprecations, encouraging his phantoms, and
casting about him as if in close fight.  The sight of this terrible
struggle against beings who were invisible caused Berbel to shudder
with fright, and to fancy her hair stiffening upon her head.  She
sought to hide herself; but just at the moment a strange noise from
behind drew her attention, and her terror may be imagined when she saw
the hot spring bubbling with more than usual activity and sending out
clouds of steam, which rose and broke away in separate masses toward
the entrance of the cavern; and while these clouds like phantoms were
slowly advancing in close order, Yégof appeared upon the scene,
shouting hoarsely:--

"You come at last! you heard me then!"

Thus saying, he removed with an impatient effort all obstructions from
the mouth of the cave: the cold air rushed down the vault and the
steaming vapors rose far into the sky, writhing and glancing above the
cliff, as if the slain of that day and those of the ages gone by had
recommenced beyond the earth a battle that would never end.

Yégof, with face which appeared shrunken in the pale moonlight, his
sceptre held high, his great beard flowing down his breast, and his
eyes flaming, saluted each phantom with a wave of the hand, addressing
it by name:

"Hail, Bled!  Roog, hail! and you, my brave men, all hail!  The hour
you have been expecting for ages is at hand: the eagles are whetting
their beaks and the soil is thirsting for blood.  Remember Blutfeld!"


At this point Berbel's terror seemed to hold her transfixed; but soon
the last volumes of gray mist disappeared out of the cavern and melted
into the sky.  Seeing which the crazy montagnard marched fiercely into
the cave, and seating himself by the spring, with his great head
between his hands, and his elbows on his knees, looked down into the
boiling water with a haggard stare.

Kateline was now awake and venting her guttural moans; while
Wetterhexe, more dead than alive, was furtively watching the maniac
from the farthest corner of the cave.

"They have all gone up from the earth!" exclaimed Yégof, suddenly.
"All, all!  They have gone to reanimate the courage of my youths, and
inspire them with contempt of death!"

And again lifting up his face, which seemed impressed with deep
anguish, he cried, fixing his wolfish eyes on Wetterhexe:--

"Oh, thou descendant of the sterile valkyries, thou who hast nurtured
within thy bosom no life-breath of warriors, nor ever filled their deep
goblets at the festive board, nor regaled them with the smoking flesh
of the wild boar, for what purpose art thou good?  To spin shrouds for
the dead.  Ha! take thy distaff and spin night and day; for thousands
of brave men are slumbering in the snow!  ... They fought well....
Yes, they did all that men could do; but the time had not come, ... now
the ravens are fighting for their carcasses!"

Then in accents of uncontrollable rage, snatching the crown off his
head together with handfuls of hair--"Ah, cursed race," he exclaimed,
"will you always be barring our passage?  Were it not for you we had
already conquered Europe; the red men would have been masters of the
world....  And I have bowed my head before the leader of this race of
curs....  I asked him for his daughter, instead of seizing and carrying
her away as the wolf carries the lamb! ... Ah!  Huldrix, Huldrix!"

Then changing this rhapsody--"Listen, listen, valkyrie!" he cried in a
hoarse voice, and pointing his finger with great solemnity.

Wetterhexe listened.  A great gust of wind rose up through the night,
shaking the old forest-trees heavy with their load of frost.  Often and
often had the sorceress in the winter nights heard the soughing of the
north wind and paid it no attention, but now she was overwhelmed with
fear!  And as she stood there all trembling, a hoarse cry was heard
without; and almost at the same time the raven Hans, sweeping beneath
the rock, set himself to describe great circles overhead, flapping his
wings with a frightened air, and uttering melancholy cries.

Yégof became pale as death.  "Vod, Vod! what has thy son Luitprandt
done for thee?  Why choose him rather than another?"

For some seconds he stood as though amazed: then, suddenly transported
by savage enthusiasm and brandishing his sceptre, he dashed out of the

Two minutes afterward, Wetterhexe, standing at the entrance of the
rock, followed him with anxious eyes.

He went straight on, with neck stretched forward and long strides.  You
would have thought him a wild beast upon the prowl.  Hans went before
him, hopping from place to place.

In a moment they disappeared down the Blutfeld gorge.



Toward two o'clock the next morning, snow began to fall.  At daybreak
the Germans had left Grandfontaine, Framont, and even Schirmeck.  In
the distance, on the plains of Alsace, could be seen the black lines,
which indicated their retreating battalions.

Hullin arose early and made the round of the bivouacs.  He stopped for
a few seconds on the plateau, to look at the cannons in position, the
sleeping partisans, and the watchful sentries; then, satisfied with his
inspection, he re-entered the farm, where Louise and Catherine were
still asleep.

The gray light was spreading everywhere.  A few wounded in the next
room were growing feverish; they were calling for their wives and
children.  Soon the hum of voices and the noise of busy feet broke the
stillness of the night.  Catherine and Louise awoke.  They saw
Jean-Claude sitting in a corner of the window watching them, and
ashamed of having slept longer than he, they arose and approached him.

"Well?" asked Catherine.

"Well, they have left; and we are masters of the field, as I expected."

This assurance did not appear to satisfy the old dame.  She looked
through the window to see for herself that the Germans were retreating
into Alsace; and during the whole of that day she seemed both anxious
and troubled.

Between eight and nine the curé Saumaize came in from the village of
Charmes.  Some mountaineers then descended the slopes to pick up the
dead, and dug a deep pit to the right of the farm, where partisans and
"kaiserlichs," with their clothes, hats, shakos, and uniforms, were
laid side by side.  The curé Saumaize, a tall old man with white hair,
read the prayers for the dead in that solemn, mysterious voice which
seems to penetrate to the depths of one's soul, and to summon from the
tomb the spirits of extinct generations to attest to the living the
terrors of the grave.

All day carts and sledges continued to arrive to carry away the
wounded, who demanded, with loud cries, to be allowed to see their
villages once more.  Doctor Lorquin, fearing to increase their
irritation, was forced to consent.  And toward four o'clock, Catherine
and Hullin were alone in the great room: Louise had gone out to prepare
the supper.  Outside, large flakes of snow continued to fall, and, from
time to time, a sledge might be seen silently passing along, bearing a
wounded man laid in straw.  Catherine, seated near the table, was
folding bandages with an absent air.

"What ails you, Catherine?" demanded Hullin.  "You have seemed so
thoughtful since morning: and yet our affairs are going on well."

The old dame, pushing the linen slowly away from her, replied,--"Yes,
Jean-Claude, I am uneasy."

"Uneasy about what?  The enemy is in full retreat.  Only this moment,
Frantz Materne, whom I had sent to reconnoitre, and all the messengers
from Piorette, Jérome, and Labarbe, told me that the Germans are
returning to Mutzig.  Old Materne and Kasper, having gathered up the
dead, learned at Grandfontaine that nothing is to be seen in the
direction of Saint-Blaize-la-Roche.  All this proves that our Spanish
dragoons gave the enemy a warm reception on the way to Senones, and
that they fear an attack from Schirmeck.  What is it, then, Catherine,
that troubles you?"

And seeing that Hullin looked at her inquiringly, "You may laugh at
me," said she; "but I have had a dream."

"A dream?"

"Yes, the same as at the farm of Bois-de-Chênes."  And getting
animated, she continued, in an almost angry tone, "You may say what you
like, Jean-Claude, but a great danger menaces us.  Yes, yes! you don't
see any sense in all this; but it was not a dream, it was like an old
tale which comes back to one: something one sees in sleep and
remembers.  Listen!  We were as we are now, after a great victory--in
some place--I don't know where--in a sort of large wooden shed, with
beams across it, and palisades around.  We were not thinking of
anything: all the faces I saw I knew: you were among them, Marc Divès,
Duchêne, and old men already dead: my father and old Hugues Rochart of
Harberg, the uncle of him who has just died: and they all had coarse
gray cloth blouses, with long beards and bare necks.  We had won a like
victory, and were drinking out of red earthenware pots, when a cry
arose: 'The enemy is coming!'  And Yégof, on horseback, with his long
beard and pointed crown, an axe in his hand, and with his eyes gleaming
like a wolf's, appeared before me in the darkness.  I rushed on him
with a club, he waited for me--and from that moment I saw no more.  I
only felt a great pain in my neck; a cold wind passed over my face, and
my head seemed to be dangling at the end of a cord: it was that
wretched Yégof who had hung my head to his saddle and was galloping

There was a short pause; and then Jean-Claude, rousing from his stupor,
replied: "It is a dream.  I also have had dreams.  Yesterday you were
agitated, Catherine, by all that tumult, that noise."

"No," she exclaimed in a firm tone, taking up her task again: "no, it
was not that.  And to tell you the truth, during the battle, and even
when, the cannons were thundering against us, I was not afraid; I was
certain beforehand that we should not be beaten; I had seen it long
ago.  But now I am afraid."

"But the Germans have evacuated Schirmeck; the whole line of the Vosges
is defended.  We have more men than we need; they are coming every
minute in great numbers."

"No matter."

Hullin shrugged his shoulders.

"Come, come! you are feverish, Catherine; try to be calm, and think of
pleasanter things.  As for all these dreams, you see, I make no more
account of them than I do of the Grand Turk, with his pipe and blue
stockings.  The chief thing is to keep a good look-out, and to have
plenty of ammunition, men, and guns: that is infinitely better than the
most rose-colored dreams."

"You are mocking me, Jean-Claude."

"No; but to hear a sensible, courageous woman speak as you do, reminds
one in spite of himself of Yégof, who pretends to have lived sixteen
hundred years ago."

"Who knows?" said the old woman, in an obstinate tone; "it is possible
he may remember what others have forgotten."

Hullin was going to relate to her his conversation of the evening
before at the bivouac-fire with the madman, thus hoping to overthrow
all her gloomy fancies; but seeing she agreed with Yégof about the
sixteen hundred years, the worthy man said no more, but resumed his
walk up and down, with his head bent and an anxious face: "She is mad,"
thought he; "one more shock and it is all over with her!"

Catherine after a pause was going to speak, when Louise entered like a
swallow, calling out, in her sweetest voice, "Maman Lefèvre, Maman
Lefèvre, a letter from Gaspard!"

Whereupon the old farm-wife, whose hooked nose almost touched her lips,
so angry was she to see Hullin turning her dream into ridicule, raised
her head, the long wrinkles in her face relaxing.

She took the letter, looked at the red seal, and said to the young
girl: "Embrace me, Louise: it is a good letter!"  And Louise at once
embraced her with joy.

Hullin came close up to them, delighted at this incident; and the
postman Brainstein, his big boots dyed red with the snow, his two hands
on his stick, and drooping his shoulders, stationed himself at the door
with a tired look.

The old dame put on her spectacles, slowly opened the letter under the
impatient eyes of Jean-Claude and Louise, and read aloud:--

"This, my mother, is to announce to you that all goes well, and that I
reached Phalsbourg on Tuesday evening just as the gates were being
closed.  The Cossacks were already on the Saverne road; we had to fire
all night against their advanced guard.  The following day, an envoy
was sent demanding the surrender of the place.  The commandant,
Meunier, told him to go and be hanged; and three days after great
showers of bombs and shells began to rain upon the town.  The Russians
have three batteries--one on the side of Hittelbronn, the other at the
Baraques above, and the third behind the tilery of Pernette near the
drinking-tank; but the red-hot shot do us the most harm: they burn down
the houses, and when a fire has broken out the bombs then come in
quantities and prevent the people from extinguishing it.  The women and
children do not leave the block-houses; the townsmen remain with us on
the ramparts: they are fine fellows.  Among them are some old soldiers
of the Sambre-et-Meuse, Italy, and Egypt, who have not forgotten how to
manage the guns.  I felt sorry to see the graybeards bending over the
carronades to take aim.  I will answer for it that there are no balls
lost with them; but all the same, when one has made the world tremble,
it is hard to be obliged, in one's old days, to fight for one's home
and last morsel of bread."

"Yes, it is hard," exclaimed Catherine, drying her eyes.  "Only to
think of it makes one's heart bleed."

Then she continued:--

"The day before yesterday, the governor decided on our making a sortie
against the tile-kiln battery.  You must know that these Russians break
the ice of the tank, and bathe in it, in groups of from twenty to
thirty; afterward drying themselves in the oven of the brick-kiln.
Well! about four o'clock, as the day was closing, we went out by the
Arsenal gateway, ascending the covered way, and filing along the
Allée-des-Vaches, with our muskets under our arms, and marching at the
double.  Ten minutes after we commenced a rolling fire on the men that
were in the tank.  Then their comrades rushed out of the brick-kilns:
they had only time to put on their cartouche-boxes, seize their
muskets, and form, all naked as they were, on the snow, like regular
savages.  Notwithstanding that, the rogues were ten times more numerous
than we, and they began a movement to the right, in the direction of
the little chapel of St. John, in order to surround us, when the guns
from the Arsenal began to send such a storm of shot at them as I never
saw before; it carried whole files clean off.  A quarter of an hour
later they retreated in a body to Quatre-Vents, without waiting to pick
up their breeches--their officers at their head, and the hail from the
fortress bringing up the rear.  Papa Jean-Claude would have laughed at
the rout immensely.  At last, toward nightfall, we returned to the
town, having destroyed one of their batteries and thrown two
eight-pounders into the well of the kiln.  It was our first sortie.  I
am now writing to you from the Baraques du Bois-de-Chênes, where we
have been sent to get provisions for the fortress.  All this may last
months.  It is said that the allies are reascending the valley of
Dosenheim as far as Weschem, and that thousands of them are marching on
Paris.  Oh, if the Emperor once obtained the upper hand in Lorraine and
Champagne, not one of them would escape!  But who lives will see.  They
are sounding the retreat on Phalsbourg.  We have collected a pretty
good number of oxen, cows, and goats about here; but shall have to
fight in order to get them in safely.  Good-by, my good mother, my
dearest Louise, and Papa Jean-Claude.  I embrace you as though I held
you in my arms."

At the close of the letter, Catherine Lefèvre was overwhelmed with

"What a brave boy!" said she.  "He only knows his duty.  There! thou
hearest, Louise?  He embraces thee!"

Louise then throwing herself into her arms, they embraced each other;
and Catherine, notwithstanding the firmness of her character, could not
keep back two large tears from trickling down her cheeks; then,
recovering herself, "Come," said she, "all is well!  Come, Brainstein,
you must eat some meat and drink a glass of wine.  And here is a
crown-piece for your journey; I would give you the same sum every day
of the week for such a letter."

The postman, delighted with his present, followed the old dame.  Louise
walked after them, and Jean-Claude, also, being eager to interrogate
Brainstein as to what he had learnt on the road, touching the events
taking place; but he could get nothing new out of him, except that the
allies were besieging Bitsche and Lutzelstein, and that they had lost
some hundreds of men in trying to force the Graufthal pass.



Toward ten o'clock, Catherine Lefèvre and Louise, after having wished
Hullin good-night, went up to sleep in the room over the large kitchen;
in which there were two feather-beds, with curtains, striped with blue
and red, reaching to the ceiling.

"Come," exclaimed the old woman, climbing up to hers on a chair--"come,
sleep well, my child.  As for me, I am tired out, and almost asleep

She drew the bedclothes round her, and five minutes after was sound
asleep.  Louise soon followed her example.

Now this had lasted about two hours, when the old dame was awakened
suddenly by a tremendous noise.

"To arms! to arms!  Ho! this way quick!  A thousand thunders! they are
upon us!"

Five or six shots then followed each other, lighting up the dark

"To arms! to arms!"

Then there was more firing, and the noise of people rushing about

Hullin's voice, sharp and vibrating, could be heard giving orders.

Then, to the left of the farm, a great way off, there came a low dull
crackling sound, from the gorges of the Grosmann.

"Louise!  Louise!" cried the old farm-wife,--"dost thou hear?"

"Yes!  Oh, my God! it is terrible."

Catherine sprang out of bed.

"Get up, my child," said she, "and let us dress."

The firing redoubled, and flashed like lightning upon the panes.

"Attention!" shouted Materne.

One could also hear the neighing of a horse outside, and the tramping
of a great crowd in the alley, the yard, and before the farm: the house
seemed shaken to its foundations.

Suddenly, the firing came from the windows of the large room on the
ground-floor.  The two women dressed in haste.  Just at that moment, a
heavy foot creaked on the stairs; the door opened, and Hullin appeared
with a lantern, showing signs of great agitation.

"Make haste!" cried he; "we have not an instant to lose."

"What has happened then?" asked Catherine.

The fusillade came nearer.

"Eh!" exclaimed Jean-Claude, throwing up his arms, "have I time now to
explain to you?"

The old dame understood that the only thing to be done was to obey.
She put on her hood and descended the staircase with Louise.  By the
flickering light of the shots, Catherine saw Materne, bare-necked, and
his son Kasper, firing from the entrance of the alley upon the abatis,
and ten others behind handing them muskets, so that they had only to
aim and fire.  All these men, in a throng, loading, shouldering, and
firing, had a terrible aspect.  Three or four dead bodies lying against
the old wall added to the horror of the scene.  The smoke was at the
point of reaching the dwelling.

Coming down the stairs, Hullin cried, "Here they are, thank heaven!"
And all the brave fellows who were there, looking up, cried out,
"Courage, Mother Lefèvre!"

Whereupon the poor old lady, worn out by her emotions, began to weep
and lean on Jean-Claude's shoulder; but he lifted her up like a
feather, and ran along by the wall to the right.  Louise followed,
sobbing loudly.

Out of doors, one could only hear the whizzing of bullets and the dull
heavy blows against the wall; the bricks and mortar were tumbling down,
the tiles rolling about; while in front, near the abatis, and three
hundred yards off, one could see the white uniforms in line, lit up by
their own fire in the dark night; and, to their left, on the other side
of the ravine of Minières, the mountaineers attacking them in flank.

Hullin disappeared at the corner of the farm,--where all was in
darkness;--Doctor Lorquin, on horseback in front of a sledge, having a
large cavalry sword in his hand and two pistols passed through his
belt, with Frantz Materne and a dozen other armed men, being barely
distinguishable.  Hullin placed Catherine in the sledge, on some straw,
and Louise by her side.

"There you are!" exclaimed the doctor.  "It is well for you."

And Frantz Materne added:--"If it were not for you, Mother Lefèvre, you
may well believe that not one of us would quit the plateau this night;
but there is nothing to be said since you are in the case."

"No," cried the others, "there is nothing to be said!"

Just at that moment, a tall fellow, with legs long as a heron's and a
round back, came running behind the wall and shouting, "They are
coming!  Fly! fly!"

Hullin turned pale.

"It is the big knife-grinder of the Harberg!" he exclaimed, grinding
his teeth.

Frantz without saying a word put his musket to his shoulder, aimed and
fired; and Louise saw the grinder at thirty yards in the dim light,
throw up his arms and fall face downward on the ground.  Frantz
reloaded, smiling grimly.

Hullin then said: "Comrades, here is our mother--she who has given us
powder and furnished us with food for the defence of our country; and
here is my child: save them!"

They all replied: "We will save, or die with, them."

"And do not forget to warn Divès to stay at the Falkenstein till
further orders."

"All right, Jean-Claude."

"Then forward, doctor, forward!" cried the gallant man.

"And you, Hullin?" exclaimed Catherine.

"My place is here; our position must be defended till death!"

"Papa Jean-Claude!" cried Louise, holding out her arms to him.

But he had already turned the corner,--the doctor flicked his horse,
and the sledge passed quickly along the snow.  Frantz Materne and his
men, with their muskets on their shoulders, marched behind; while a
rolling fire of musketry was still kept up around the farm.

That was what Catherine Lefèvre and Louise saw in the space of a few
minutes.  No doubt something strange and terrible had happened in the
night.  The old farm-mistress, recalling her dream, became very
thoughtful.  Louise dried her eyes and looked toward the plateau, which
was lighted up as by a fire.  The horse bounded away under the doctor's
whip, so that the mountaineers could hardly keep up.  For some distance
the tumult and clamor of the battle, the explosions, and whizzing of
the balls among the branches, were distinctly heard; but all this grew
fainter and fainter, and soon, at the descent of the path, vanished as
in a dream.

The sledge had reached the opposite side of the mountain, and was
flying like an arrow through the darkness.  The only sounds which broke
the silence were the galloping of the horse, the quick breathing of the
escort, and from time to time the doctor's cry, "Here, Bruno! here

A current of cold wind, coming up from the valley of the Sarre, carried
upon its breeze, like a great sigh, the endless roar of the torrents
and soughing of the woods.  The moon was peering out from behind a
cloud, and looking down on the black forests of Blanru, with their tall
pines loaded with snow.

Ten minutes later the sledge had gained an angle of the woods, and
Doctor Lorquin, turning round in his saddle, exclaimed,--"Now, Frantz,
what have we to do?  Here is the way which leads toward the hills of
St. Quirin, and there is another road which descends to Blanru.  Which
shall we take?"

Frantz and the men of the escort came up.  As they were then on the
western slope of the Donon, they began to see again, high in the air,
on the other side of the hill, the fusillade of the Germans, who were
advancing by way of the Grosmann.  First they saw the flashes, and then
heard the rolling echoes in the depths of the valleys.

"The road by the hills of St. Quirin," said Frantz, "is the shortest
cut to the farm of Bois-de-Chênes; it would save at least
three-quarters of an hour."

"Yes," rejoined the doctor, "but we should risk being stopped by the
Germans, who now occupy the defile of the Sarre.  See, they are already
masters of the heights; they have no doubt sent detachments to the
Sarre-Rouge in order to turn the Donon."

"Let us take the Blanru road, then," said Frantz; "it is longer, but

The sledge passed down the left along the woods.  The partisans, gun in
hand, advanced one after the other along the top of the bank, while the
doctor on his horse swept along the snow in the roadway.  Above, the
great pine-branches met across the road, and enveloped it with their
deep shadows, while the moon lit up the surrounding scenery.  This road
was so majestic and picturesque, that, under any other circumstances,
Catherine would have been astonished at it, and Louise would not have
failed to admire the garlands of icicles, looking like crystals in the
pale rays of the moon; but just then they were filled with uneasiness;
and, moreover, when the sledge entered the gorge, all the brightness
vanished, and only the summits of the high mountains around remained
visible.  They had been going in this way for a quarter of an hour,
when Catherine, having kept silence for some time, at last could
contain herself no longer, but exclaimed: "Doctor Lorquin, now that you
have us in the depths of Blanru, and can do with us what you please,
will you explain to me why we have been dragged away by force?
Jean-Claude carried me off, and flung me on this heap of straw--and
here I am!"

"Up, Bruno," cried the doctor.

Then he gravely answered her: "This night, Dame Catherine, a great
misfortune has overtaken us.  You must not attribute it to Jean-Claude:
it is by another's fault that we have lost the fruit of all our

"Through whose fault?"

"That unlucky Labarbe's, who did not guard the defile of the Blutfeld.
He died afterward fulfilling his duty; but that does not repair the
disaster; and if Piorette does not come up in time to aid Hullin, all
is lost; it will be necessary to abandon the road and to fight

"What! the Blutfeld is taken?"

"Yes, Mistress Catherine.  Who the deuce could ever have thought that
the Germans would enter that?  A defile almost impracticable for
foot-passengers, enclosed by rugged rocks, where the goatherds can
barely descend with their flocks.  Well, they marched that way, two at
a time; they turned Roche-Creuse, crushed Labarbe, and then fell upon
Jérome, who defended himself like a lion till nine in the evening; but,
at last, he was obliged to take refuge in the pine-woods, and leave the
pass to the 'kaiserlichs.'  That is the whole story.  It is shocking.
Indeed, there must be some one among us base and vile enough to have
guided the enemy, and would deliver us over to him bound hands and
feet.  Oh, the wretch!" cried Lorquin, furiously.  "I am not
revengeful, but if he came into my clutches, how I would serve him!
Up, Bruno! up, then!"

The partisans were marching along the bank like spectres, without
saying a word.

The old farm-mistress became silent in order to collect her ideas.

"I begin to understand," said she at last.  "We were attacked to-night
on both sides."

"Exactly so, Catherine.  Fortunately, ten minutes before the attack,
one of Marc Divès's smugglers, Zimmer, the old dragoon, had come full
gallop to warn us.  Had it not been for that, we would have been lost.
He fell in with our vanguard, after having run the gauntlet of a
detachment of Cossacks on the plateau of Grosmann.  The poor fellow had
received a terrible sabre-thrust; and his bowels were protruding over
the saddle--was it not so, Frantz?"

"Yes," replied the hunter, sadly.

"And what did he say?" demanded Catherine.

"He had only time to cry, 'To arms!  We are hemmed in!  Jérome sends
me.  Labarbe is dead!  The Germans have passed the Blutfeld!'"

"He was a gallant fellow," exclaimed Catherine.

"Yes, a gallant fellow," replied Frantz, with his head bent down.

Then they relapsed into silence, and for some time the sledge swept
through the winding valley.  Now and then they were obliged to stop,
the snow was so deep--when three or four mountaineers would take the
horse by the bridle--and so they continued their way.

"All the same," said Catherine, suddenly rousing up from her reverie,
"Hullin might have told me."

"But if he had mentioned these two attacks," interrupted the doctor,
"you would have wanted to remain."

"And who can hinder me from doing what I like?  If it pleased me to get
out of the sledge this very moment, should I not be free?  I had
forgiven Jean-Claude, but I am sorry for it!"

"Oh, Maman Lefèvre, supposing he is killed while you are saying that!"
murmured Louise.

"She is right, poor child," thought Catherine; and then quickly added,
"I said I was sorry for it; but he is such a good man, that one cannot
be angry with him.  I forgive him with all my heart; in his place I
should have done the same."

Two or three hundred yards farther on they entered the defile of
Roches.  The snow had ceased falling, and the moon was shining between
great white clouds.  The narrow gorge, hemmed in by steep precipices,
expanded in the distance, its sides covered with tall pines.  Nothing
disturbed the deep calm of the woods; one could have imagined one's
self far away from all human agitation.  The silence was so great that
every step the horse made in the snow could be heard, and even his
sharp quick breathing.  Frantz Materne halted at times to gaze upon the
black slopes, and then hurried on to overtake the others.

They crossed valley after valley; the sledge mounted and descended, now
to the right and then to the left; and the partisans, with their
bayonets fixed, followed continually.

Toward three in the morning they reached the meadow of Brimbelles,
where at the present day an old oak can still be seen bending over the
valley.  To the left, in the midst of the snow-covered, heather, behind
a low stone wall, stood the old house of the guard Cuny.  Three
beehives were placed on a bench, a gnarled vine hung down from the roof
and a small pine-bough was suspended over the door by way of
sign-board, for Cuny carried on the business of innkeeper in this
solitary place.

At this spot the road runs close under the meadow wall, and as a large
cloud obscured the light of the moon, the doctor, fearing to be upset,
halted beneath the oak.

"We have only one hour's journey more, Mother Lefèvre," said he; "take
courage; there is no hurry."

"Yes," said Frantz; "the heaviest part of the road is over, and the
horse may breath a while."

The small party collected round the sledge, and the doctor got down.
Some lit their pipes; but no one spoke: they were all busy thinking of
the Donon.  What was going on there?  Would Jean-Claude be able to
defend the plateau till Piorette arrived?  So many dread thoughts and
dismal reflections passed through the minds of the worthy people, that
not one seemed able to speak.

They had been standing thus about five minutes, when the black cloud
passed slowly away, and the pale moonlight lit up the gorge.  Suddenly,
a dark figure on horseback appeared two hundred paces from them, in the
path between the pine-trees.  By the light of the moon they quickly
perceived that it was the figure of a Cossack with his sheepskin cap,
and bearing a lance under his arm.  He was advancing slowly; Frantz was
already taking aim, when other Cossacks with their lances appeared
behind him.  They advanced deliberately in the direction of the sledge,
like people on the search, some with their heads turned upward, others
peering into the shrubs from their saddles.  They numbered more than

Imagine the feelings of Louise and Catherine, seated in the middle of
the road.  They looked on open-mouthed.  In another minute they would
be surrounded by these bandits.  The mountaineers were stupefied; it
was impossible to return: they were hemmed in on one side by the meadow
wall, on the other by the mountain-side.  The old farm-wife seized
Louise by the hand, and said, in a stifled voice, "Let us escape to the

She sprang from the sledge, leaving her shoe in the straw.

Suddenly one of the Cossacks uttered a guttural cry, which was repeated
along the whole line.

"We are discovered!" exclaimed the doctor, as he drew his sword.

The words had scarcely escaped his lips when twelve musket-shots lit up
the path from end to end; a regular savage whoop answered the report of
the muskets.  The Cossacks made off from the path to the meadow in
front, gave their horses the reins, bent down in their saddles, and
flew toward the guard-house like deer.

"Ha! they are off like the devil!" said the doctor.

But the worthy man was too hasty.  Suddenly, when they had gone two or
three hundred yards along the valley, the Cossacks again wheeled round
and massed themselves firmly together; then, with their lances in rest,
and bending over their horses' heads, they rushed straight at the
partisans, shouting in hoarse voices--"Hourah! hourah!"

It was a terrible moment.

Frantz and the others sprang toward the wall, to protect the sledge.

In another second, the clashing of lances and screams of rage could
alone be heard, mingled with imprecations.  Under the shadow of the old
oak, through the straggling moonbeams, could be seen the horses
prancing with tossing manes, as they endeavored to clear the meadow
wall; while the barbarian Cossacks, with gleaming eyes and uplifted
arms, struck furiously with their lances, advancing, retreating, and
uttering piercing yells.

Louise, deathly pale, and Catherine, with her gray dishevelled hair,
stood up in the straw.

Doctor Lorquin, in front of them, parried the strokes with his sabre,
and all the time kept shouting to them--"Lie down! lie down!"  But they
did not hear him.

Louise, in the midst of the tumult and shouting, thought only of
sheltering Catherine; and the old dame, in the midst of her terror, had
recognized Yégof, on a tall, gaunt horse--Yégof, with his tin crown,
bristling beard, long lance, and dog-skin floating from his shoulders.
She saw him as distinctly as though it were broad daylight.  He stood
about ten feet distant, with sparkling eyes, brandishing his blue lance
in the darkness, and striving to reach her.  What could she do?  Submit
to her fate!  Thus do the most resolute characters succumb to
inevitable destiny.  The old dame thought her fate was sealed.  She saw
all these people tearing like wolves, thrusting and parrying in the
moonlight.  She saw some fall; and horses running, riderless through
the fields.  She saw the topmost window of the guard-house thrown open;
and old Cuny, in his shirt-sleeves, shoulder his gun, though not daring
to fire into the crowd.  All passed before her eyes with wonderful
clearness.  "The madman has returned," she said to herself.  "Do what
they will, he will hang my head to the side of his saddle.  It will end
as I saw in my dream."

And, indeed, everything seemed to justify her fears: the mountaineers,
inferior in numbers, were giving way.  The Cossacks had cleared the
wall, and were already on the footpath.  A well-aimed thrust passed
through the old dame's back-hair, and she felt the cold iron against
her neck.

"Oh, the murderers!" she screamed, falling back and clutching fast at
the reins.

Doctor Lorquin himself had been hurled against the sledge.  Frantz and
the others, surrounded by twenty Cossacks, could afford them no help.
Louise felt a hand on her shoulder: it was the hand of the madman,
seated on his great horse.

At this fearful moment, the poor child, mad with terror, uttered a
scream of distress; then she saw something gleaming in the darkness: it
was Lorquin's pistols.  Quick as lightning, tearing them from the
doctor's belt, she fired them off both at once, singeing Yégof's beard,
and blowing out the brains of a Cossack who was bending toward her with
flaming eyes.  She then seized Catherine's whip, and pale as death,
lashed the horse, who bounded away.  The sledge flew through the
bushes, swaying from right to left.  Suddenly there was a shock.
Catherine, Louise, the straw, and all rolled in the snow on the slopes
of the ravine.  The horse stopped short on its haunches, its mouth full
of bloody foam.  It had struck against an oak-tree.

Rapid as was the fall, Louise had seen figures passing like the wind
behind the underwood.  She had heard a powerful voice, that of Divès,
crying out, "Forward!  Cut them down!"

It was like a vision--one of those confused apparitions which pass
before the eyes in moments of supreme danger; but, on rising, the young
girl had no longer any doubts.  Fighting was going on only a few paces
distant behind the cover of some trees, and the voice of Marc was heard
shouting, "Go it, my old fellows!  Give them no quarter!"

Then she saw a dozen Cossacks clambering up the hill in front, like
hares among the heather; below Yégof was crossing the valley in the
moonlight with the speed of a terrified bird on the wing.  Several
shots were sent after him, but the madman remained unscathed, and,
standing upright in his stirrups, with his horse at full gallop, he
turned, waving his lance with bravado, and shouting "Hourah!"  Two more
shots whizzed by from the guard-house; a bit of rag fell from his
loins, but the madman continued his course, crying "Hourah!" in a
hoarse tone, and toiled up the path which his companions had taken
before him.

All this passed before Louise like a dream.

Then, turning round, she saw Catherine by her side, stupefied and
absorbed like herself.  They gazed at each other for a moment, and then
embraced with an inexpressible feeling of happiness.

"We are saved!" murmured Catherine; and they both wept.  "Thou hast
behaved bravely.  Jean-Claude, Gaspard, and I have good reason to be
proud of thee!"

Louise was deeply agitated and trembled all over.  The danger being
passed, her gentle nature again resumed its sway, and she could not
understand whence came her courage of a few minutes before.

They were recovering from their fright and about to get into the
sledge, when they saw five or six partisans with the doctor coming
toward them.

"Ah! you may cry as much as you like, Louise," said Lorquin; "but, for
all that, you are a regular dragoon, a real little warrior.  Though you
now look so gentle, we have all seen you at work.  But where are my

At that moment the shrubs were pushed aside, and Marc Divès, sword in
hand, appeared.

"Ah, Mistress Catherine, these are rough adventures for you.  Zounds!
what luck that I happened to come up.  Those villains were spoiling you
right and left."

"Yes," replied she, pushing her hair under her cap again; "it was very

"Very fortunate!  I should think so.  It is only ten minutes since I
arrived with my wagon at Cuny's.  'Do not go to the Donon,' said he;
'the sky has been red for an hour in that direction; there is certainly
fighting going on up there.'  'You think so?'  'Faith! yes.'  'Then
Joson must go out and reconnoitre a little and we others will drink a
glass while waiting.'  'Good!'  Hardly had Joson left, when I heard
shouts as though five hundred devils were let loose.  'What is it,
Cuny?'  'I don't know.'  We pushed open the door, and saw the fray.
Ha!" exclaimed the big smuggler, "we did not wait long.  I jumped on my
brave horse Fox, and dashed forward.  What luck!"

"Ah!" said Catherine, "if we were only sure that our affairs go as well
on the Donon, we might then rejoice."

"Yes, yes!  Frantz told me about that:--it is the devil--there must
always be something wrong," replied Marc.  "But--but why stay here with
our feet in the snow?  Let us hope that Piorette will not allow his
comrades to be crushed, and let us go and empty our glasses, which we
left half full."

Four other smugglers then arrived, saying that that rascally Yégof
would probably come back, with some more brigands like himself.

"Very likely," replied Divès.  "We will return to the Falkenstein,
since it is Jean-Claude's orders; but we can't bring our wagon with us:
it would prevent our taking the short cuts; and in an hour all these
bandits would be down upon us.  Let us go first to Cuny's.  Catherine
and Louise will not be sorry to drink a little wine; and the others
too.  It will put their hearts in the right place again.  Up, Bruno!"

He led his horse by the bridle.  Two wounded men had been laid in the
sledge; two others having been killed, as well as seven or eight
Cossacks stretched with their boots wide apart in the snow, were
abandoned, and they went on toward the forester's house.

Frantz was consoling himself for not having been on the Donon: he had
finished two Cossacks, and the sight of the inn made him feel in a good
humor.  Before the door stood the small wagon full of cartridges.  Cuny
came out, saying: "A hearty welcome, Mistress Lefèvre.  What a night
for women!  Be seated!  What is going on up there?"

While they were hastily drinking some wine, everything had to be
explained over again.  The worthy old man in a blouse and green
breeches, with his wrinkled face, bald head, and wide-open eyes,
listened with clasped hands, exclaiming: "Good God!  Good God! in what
times are we living?  One can no longer follow the high-roads without
risk of being attacked.  It is worse than the old Swedish tales."  And
he shook his head.

"Come," said Divès, "time flies.  We must continue our way."

Everybody being ready, the smugglers led the wagon, which contained
some thousands of cartridges and two small kegs of brandy, about three
hundred yards off, to the middle of the valley, and then unharnessed
the horses.

"Go forward!" shouted Marc; "we will rejoin you in a few minutes."

"But what art thou going to do with the cart?" said Frantz.  "Since we
have no time to take it to the Falkenstein, it had better be left under
Cuny's shed than in the road."

"Yes, to get the poor old man hanged, when the Cossacks arrive, for
they will be here in less than an hour.  Do not trouble thyself; I have
my own idea."

Frantz rejoined the sledge, which went on its way.  In a short time
they passed by the saw-works of the Marquis and turned sharp to the
right, to reach the farm of Bois-de-Chênes, whose tall chimneys could
be perceived three-quarters of a league distant on the plateau.  They
were on the hill-side when Marc Divès and his men overtook them,

"Halt!  Stop a bit!  Look down there!"

And, looking down into the gorge, they saw the Cossacks capering round
the wagon--about three hundred of them.

"They are coming!  Let us fly!" cried Louise.

"Wait a bit," said the smuggler.  "We have nothing to fear."

He was still speaking, when an immense sheet of flame sped out from one
mountain to the other, illuminating the woods, rocks, and the little
house of the forester fifteen hundred yards below; then there was a
report so terrible that the earth seemed to tremble.

While those near him gazed in bewilderment and dumb terror at each
other, Marc's bursts of laughter reached their ears, in spite of the

"Ha, ha, ha!" shouted he, "I was sure the rogues would stop round the
wagon, to drink up my brandy.  I knew the match would have just time to
reach the powder!"

"Do you think they will pursue us?"

"Their arms and legs are now hanging from the branches of the
pine-trees!  Come along!  And may heaven grant the same fate to all
those who have now crossed the Rhine!"

The whole escort, the partisans, the doctor, all had grown silent: so
many terrible emotions had filled them with endless thoughts such as do
not fall within the experience of every-day life.  They said to
themselves: "What are men that they destroy, harass, and ruin each
other in this manner?  Why do they hate each other so?  And what spirit
of evil is it that thus excites them?"

But Divès and his men were not at all troubled by these events: they
galloped along, laughing and boasting.

"For my part," said the big smuggler, "I never saw such a farce before.
Ha, ha, ha! if I lived a thousand years, I should laugh at it still."
Then he became more serious, and exclaimed: "All the same, Yégof is the
cause of this.  One must be blind not to see that it was he who led the
Germans to the Blutfeld.  I shall be sorry if he has been struck down
by a piece of my wagon; I have something better in store for him than
that.  All that I wish is that he may keep in good health till we meet
somewhere in a lonely corner of the wood.  It is no matter whether it
be in one year, ten years, twenty years, provided only that we meet.
The longer it is deferred, the more savage my determination becomes:
the daintiest morsels are eaten cold, like a boar's head in white wine."

He said this with an air of good-humor, but those who knew him
perceived beneath it a serious danger for Yégof.

Half an hour later, they all reached the plateau on which the farm of
Bois-de-Chênes was situated.



Jérome of St. Quirin had managed to make good his retreat to the farm,
and since midnight he had occupied the plateau.

"Who goes there?" cried his sentinels as the escort approached.

"It is we, from the village of Charmes," shouted Marc, in his
stentorian voice.

The sentinels approached to examine them, and then they passed on their

The farm was silent; a sentry, his musket over his arm, was pacing
before the granary, where about thirty partisans were asleep upon the
straw.  At the sight of these great dark roofs, the stables and
outhouses belonging to the old building where she had spent her youth,
where her father and grandfather had led their tranquil laborious lives
in peace, and which she was now about to abandon, perhaps forever,
Catherine felt a terrible wrenching at her heart; but no word escaped
her.  Springing from the sledge, as in other days when she returned
from marketing, she said: "Come, Louise, here we are at home, thank

Old Duchêne pushed open the door, exclaiming: "Is that you, Madame

"Yes, it is I.  Any news from Jean-Claude?"

"No, Madame."

They entered the large kitchen.  Some cinders were still smouldering on
the hearth, and in the dark, under the broad chimney, was sitting
Jérome of St. Quirin, with his big horsehair hood, his great stick
between his knees, and his carbine leaning against the wall.

"Good-day, Jérome," said the old farm-wife.

"Good-day, Catherine," replied the grave chief of the Grosmann.  "Have
you come from the Donon?"

"Yes: things are going badly, my poor Jérome.  The 'kaiserlichs' were
attacking the farm when we left the plateau.  Nothing but white
uniforms was to be seen on every side.  They were already beginning to
cross the breastworks."

"Then you think Hullin will be compelled to abandon the road?"

"Possibly, if Piorette does not come to his assistance."

The partisans had approached near the fire.  Marc Divès bent over the
cinders to light his pipe; on rising, he exclaimed: "I ask thee one
thing only, Jérome; I know beforehand that they fought well under thy

"We have done our duty," replied the shoemaker.  "There are sixty men
stretched on the slopes of the Grosmann who will tell you so at the
last day."

"Yes; but who, then, guided the Germans?  They could not have
discovered the pass of the Blutfeld by themselves."

"Yégof the madman--Yégof," said Jérome, whose gray eyes, encircled by
deep wrinkles and thick white eyebrows, seemed to sparkle in the

"Ah! art thou certain of it?"

"Labarbe's men saw him climbing up; he led the others."

The partisans looked at each other with indignation.

At this moment Doctor Lorquin, who had remained outside to unharness
the horse, opened the door, shouting: "The battle is lost!  Here are
our men from the Donon.  I have just heard Lagarmitte's horn."

It is easy to imagine the emotion of the recipients of these tidings.
Each thought of the relations and friends that he might never see
again; and from the kitchen and the granary everybody at once rushed on
to the "plateau."  At the same time Robin and Dubourg, posted as
sentinels above Bois-de-Chênes, cried out, "Who goes there?"

"France!" replied a voice.

Notwithstanding the distance, Louise, fancying she could recognize her
father's voice, was seized with such a fit of trembling that Catherine
was compelled to support her.

Just then the noise of many footsteps resounded over the hardened snow,
and Louise, unable to contain herself any longer, exclaimed, "Papa

"I am coming," replied Hullin, "I am coming."

"My father?" exclaimed Frantz Materne, rushing to meet Jean-Claude.

"He is with us, Frantz."

"And Kasper?"

"He has received a slight scratch, but it is nothing.  Thou wilt see
them both again."

Catherine threw herself into Jean-Claude's arms.

"Oh, Jean-Claude, what joy to behold you once more!"

"Yes," replied the worthy man, in a suppressed voice, "there are many
who will never see their friends again."

"Frantz," said old Materne, "here, this way!"

And one could only see, on all sides, people seeking each other in the
dim light, squeezing hands, and embracing.  Some called for, "Niclau!
Sapheri!" but many did not answer to their names.

Then the voices became hoarse, as though stifled, and relapsed into
silence.  The joy of some, and the consternation of others, produced a
terrible sensation.  Louise was in Hullin's arms, sobbing bitterly.

"Ah, Jean-Claude," said Mother Lefèvre, "you will hear strange things
about that child.  I will say no more now, but we have been

"Yes, we will talk of that later; our time is short," said Hullin.
"The road to the Donon is lost, the Cossacks may be here at daylight,
and we have many things to arrange."

He turned the corner and entered the farm, all following him.  Duchêne
had just thrown a fagot on the fire.  All these people, with faces
blackened by powder, still animated by the combat, their clothes torn
by bayonet-thrusts, some blood-stained, advancing from the darkness
into the light, presented a strange spectacle.  Kasper, whose forehead
was bandaged with his handkerchief, had received a sabre-cut; his
bayonet, buff facings, and high blue gaiters, were stained with blood.
Old Materne, thanks to his imperturbable presence of mind, returned
safe and sound from the fray.  The remains of Jérome's and Hullin's
troops were thus once more united.  They wore the same wild
physiognomies, animated by the same energy and desire for vengeance.
But Hullin's men, harassed by fatigue, sat down right and left, on the
fagots, on the stone sink, on the low pavement of the hearth--their
heads in their hands and elbows on their knees; while Jérome's, who
could not be convinced of the disappearance of Hans, Joson, and Daniel,
looked about everywhere, exchanging questions, broken by long pauses.
Materne's two sons held each other by the arm, as though afraid of
losing one another, and their father, behind them, leaning against the
wall, with his elbow on his gun, watched them with an expression of

"There they are, I see them," he seemed to say: "two famous fellows!
They have saved their skins, both of them."  If any one came to ask him
about Pierre, Jacques, or Nicolas, his son or his brother, he would
reply hap-hazard--"Yes, yes, there are several lying down there on
their backs.  What can you expect?  It is war!  Your Nicolas has done
his duty.  You must console yourself."  Meanwhile he thought--"Mine are
out of the scrimmage; that is the chief thing."

Catherine and Louise were busy preparing supper.  Duchêne came up from
the cellar with a barrel of wine on his shoulder.  He set it down, and
knocked out the bung; and each partisan presented his flask or cup to
be filled with the purple liquid which glittered in the firelight.

"Eat and drink," said the old dame to them: "all is not lost yet; you
will have need of your strength again.  Here, Frantz, unhook those hams
for me.  Here is bread and knives.  Sit down, my children."

Frantz reached down the hams in the chimney with his bayonet.

The benches were brought forward; they sat down, and notwithstanding
their sorrows, they ate with that vigorous appetite which neither
present griefs nor thoughts for the future can make a mountaineer
forget.  But it did not prevent a bitter sadness from filling the
hearts of these brave men; and first one and then another would stop
suddenly, letting fall his fork, and leave the table, saying--"I have
had enough!"

While the partisans were thus engaged in recruiting their strength, the
chiefs were assembled in the next room to make some last resolutions
for the defence.  They sat round the table, on which was placed a tin
lamp: Doctor Lorquin, with his dog Pluto, looking inquiringly into his
master's face; Jérome, in the corner of the window to the right; Hullin
to the left, very pale; Marc Divès, his elbow on the table and cheek in
his hand, and his back turned to the door, showed only his brown
profile and the tip of his long mustache.  Materne alone remained
standing, leaning, as was his custom, against the wall behind Lorquin's
chair, with his carbine at his feet.  The noise of the men in the
kitchen could be distinctly heard.

When Catherine, summoned by Jean-Claude, entered the room, she heard a
sort of groan which made her shudder.  It was Hullin who was speaking.

"All these brave lads--all these fathers of families, who fell one
after the other," he cried, in a heartrending voice, "do you think I
did not feel it?  Do you think that I would not rather a thousand times
have been killed myself?  You do not know what I have suffered this
night!  To lose one's life is nothing; but to bear alone the weight of
such a responsibility----"

He paused: his trembling lips, the tear which trickled slowly down his
cheek, his attitude, all showed the scruples of the worthy man, in face
of one of those situations where conscience itself hesitates and seeks
further support.  Catherine went and sat down quietly in the big
arm-chair.  A few seconds later Hullin continued in a calmer
tone:--"Between eleven o'clock and midnight, Zimmer came up, shouting,
'We are turned!  The Germans are coming down the Grosmann!  Labarbe is
crushed!  Jérome can hold out no longer!'  What was to be done!  Could
I beat a retreat?  Could I abandon a position which had cost us so much
blood--the road to the Donon, the road to Paris?  If I had done so,
should I not have been a coward?  But I had only three hundred men
against four thousand at Grandfontaine, and I know not how many
descending from the mountain!  Well, I decided at any cost to hold it;
it was our duty.  I said to myself, 'Life is nothing without honor!  We
will all die; but they shall not say that we have yielded the high-road
to France.  No, no; they shall not say that.'"

At this moment Hullin's voice faltered, and his eyes filled with tears,
as he continued--"We held out; my brave children held out till two
o'clock.  I saw them fall: they fell shouting, 'Vive la France!'  I had
warned Piorette in the beginning of the action.  He came up quickly,
with fifty stout men.  It was too late.  The enemy poured in on every
side; they held three parts of the plain, and forced us back among the
pine-forests on the Blanru side; their fire burst upon us.  All I could
do was to assemble my wounded, those who could still drag along, and
put them under Piorette's escort; a hundred of my men joined him.  For
myself, I only kept fifty to occupy the Falkenstein.  We had to pass
right through the Germans, who wanted to cut off our retreat.  Happily,
the night was dark; had it not been for that, not one of us would have
escaped.  That is how we are situated.  All is lost!  The Falkenstein
alone remains ours, and we are reduced to three hundred men.  Now the
question is, shall we go on to the end?  I have already told you that I
dread to bear alone such a responsibility.  So long as it concerned
defending the road to the Donon, there was no doubt about it: every man
belongs to his country.  But this road is lost.  We should need ten
thousand men to retake it; and at this very moment the enemy is
entering Lorraine.  Come, what is to be done?"

"We must go on to the end," said Jérome.

"Yes, yes!" cried the others.

"Is that your opinion, Catherine?"

"Certainly," exclaimed the old dame, whose features expressed an
inflexible tenacity.

Then Hullin, in a firmer tone, explained his plan:--"The Falkenstein is
our point of retreat.  It is our arsenal; it is there that we have our
ammunition; the enemy knows it; he will attempt an attack on that side,
therefore all of us here present must make an effort to defend it, so
that the whole country may see us and say, 'Catherine Lefèvre, Jérome,
Materne and his boys, Hullin, and Doctor Lorquin are there.  They will
not lay down their arms.'  This idea will give fresh courage to all
manly hearts.  Besides, Piorette will remain in the woods; his troops
will grow more numerous day by day: the country will be filled with
Cossacks and marauders of every description; when the enemy's army
shall have entered Lorraine I will signal to Piorette; he will throw
himself between the Donon and the highway, so that all the laggers
behind scattered over the mountains will be caught as in a trap.  We
shall also be able to profit by favorable chances to carry off the
convoys of the Germans, to harass their reserves, and, if fortune aids
us, as we must hope it will, and all these 'kaiserlichs' are beaten in
Lorraine by our army, then we can cut off their retreat."

Everybody got up, and Hullin going into the kitchen, pronounced this
simple address to the mountaineers:--"My friends, we have decided that
we must push our resistance to the end.  Nevertheless, every one is
free to do as he likes; to lay down his arms and return to his village;
but let those who wish to revenge themselves join us; they will share
our last morsel of bread and our last cartridge."

Colon, the old wood-floater, arose and said, "Hullin, we are all with
thee; we began to fight together, and so will we finish."

"Yes, yes!" they all shouted.

"Have you all decided?  Well, listen.  Jérome's brother will take the

"My brother is dead," interrupted Jérome; "he lies on the slopes of the

There was a moment's pause; then in a loud voice Hullin continued:
"Colon, thou wilt take the command of all those that remain, with the
exception of the men who formed Catherine Lefèvre's escort, and whom I
shall keep with me.  Thou wilt go and rejoin Piorette in the valley of
Blanru, passing by the 'Two Rivers.'"

"And the ammunition?" said Marc Divès.

"I have brought up my wagon-load," said Jérome; "Colon can use it."

"Let the dray be loaded," said Catherine; "the Cossacks are coming, and
will pillage everything.  Our men must not leave empty-handed; let them
take away the cows, oxen, and calves--everything: it will be so much
gained on the enemy."

Five minutes later the farm was being ransacked; the dray was loaded
with hams, smoked meats, and bread; the cattle were led out of the
stables, the horses harnessed to the great wagon, and soon the convoy
began its march, Robin at the head, blowing on his horn, with the
partisans behind pushing at the wheels.  When it had disappeared in the
road, and silence had succeeded to all the noise, Catherine turning
round, beheld Hullin behind her.

"Well, Catherine," said he, "all is finished!  We are now going to make
our way up there."

Frantz, Kasper, and those of the escort, with Marc Divès and Materne,
all armed, were waiting in the kitchen.

"Duchêne," said the good woman, "go down to the village; you must not
be ill-treated by the enemy on my account."

The old servant shook his white head, and, with his eyes full of tears,
replied:--"I may as well die here, Madame Lefèvre.  It is nearly fifty
years since I came to the farm.  Do not make me leave; it would be the
death of me."

"Do as you like, my poor Duchêne," replied Catherine, softly; "here are
the keys of the house."

And the poor old man sat down in the chimney-corner, on a settee, with
fixed eyes and half-open mouth, as though lost in some painful reverie.

Then began the journey to the Falkenstein.  Marc Divès, on horseback,
sword in hand, formed the rear-guard.  Frantz and Hullin watched the
plateau to the left; Kasper and Jérome the valley to the right: Materne
and the men of the escort surrounded the women.  It was a singular
sight.  Before the cottages of the village of Charmes, on the
door-steps, at the windows and loopholes, appeared the faces of young
and old, looking at the flight of Mother Lefèvre; nor did their evil
tongues spare her:--"Ah! they are turned out at last," cried some;
"another time, do not meddle with what does not concern you."

Others reflected with a loud voice, that Catherine had been rich long
enough, and that every one should have his turn at poverty.  As for the
industry, wisdom, kind-heartedness, and all the virtues of the old
farm-wife, or Jean-Claude's patriotism, or the courage of Jérome and
the three Maternes, the disinterested motives of Doctor Lorquin or Marc
Divès's self-sacrifice, nobody ever mentioned them; for were they not



At the end of the valley of Bouleaux, two gun-shots from the village of
Charmes, to the left, the little troop began slowly to ascend the path
to the old "burg."  Hullin, remembering how he had taken the same road
when he went to buy powder of Marc Divès, could not help feeling very
sad.  Then, notwithstanding his journey to Phalsbourg, the spectacle of
the wounded from Leipzig and Hanau, and the account given by the old
sergeant, he did not despair or doubt of the success of the defence.
Now all was lost; the enemy were descending into Lorraine, and the
mountaineers were retreating.  Marc Divès rode by the side of the wall
in the snow; his horse, apparently accustomed to this journey, neighed
loudly.  The smuggler turned from time to time to look back on the
plateau of Bois-de-Chênes.  Suddenly he exclaimed, "Look! here come the

They all halted to look.  They were already high up on the mountain,
above the village and farm of Bois-de-Chênes.  The morning mists were
giving way to the gray light of the winter's day, and, on the hill-side
could be distinguished the forms of several Cossacks, with their heads
raised, and pistols pointed, stealthily approaching the old farm-house.
They were scattered after the manner of sharpshooters, as if they
feared a surprise.  A few minutes later more appeared, ascending the
valley of Houx, then still more, all in the same attitude, upright in
their stirrups, in order to see as far as possible.  The first, having
passed by the farm and observing nothing threatening, waved their
lances and returned half way back.  Whereupon the others galloped up at
full speed like a flock of crows when they have sighted their prey.  In
a few minutes the farm was surrounded and the door opened.  In another
moment the windows were smashed, and the furniture, mattresses, and
linen, thrown outside.  Catherine calmly looked on at the pillage.  She
said nothing for some time; but, on seeing Yégof, whom she had not
perceived before, strike Duchêne with the butt-end of his lance, and
push him out of the farm, she could not restrain a cry of indignation.

"The wretch!  Could any one be cowardly enough to strike a poor old man
unable to defend himself.  Ah! brigand, if I only held thee!"

"Come along, Catherine," said Jean-Claude; "that's enough; what is the
use of gazing at such a spectacle any longer?"

"You are right," said the old mistress; "let us go on, or I shall be
tempted to go back and revenge myself."

On approaching the red rocks, incrusted with large white and black
pebbles, overhanging the precipice like the arches of an immense
cathedral, Louise and Catherine stopped in ecstasy.  The magnificent
view of the streams of Lorraine, and the blue ribbon of the Rhine to
their right, with the distant woods and valleys, filled them with joy,
and the old dame said piously, "Jean-Claude, He who created these
rocks, and formed these valleys, forests, heaths, and mosses, He will
render to us the justice we merit."

As they were gazing thus on the rugged precipices, Marc led his horse
into a cavern close by, and, returning, began to climb up before them,
saying, "Take care, or you may slip!"

At the same time he pointed to the blue precipice on their right, with
pine-trees at the bottom.  Everybody then relapsed into silence till
the terrace was reached, where the arch commenced.  There they breathed
more freely.  In the middle of the passage were the smugglers Brenn,
Pfeifer, and Joubac, with their long gray mantles and black hats,
sitting round a fire.  Marc Divès said to them, "Here we are!  The
'kaiserlichs' are masters.  Zimmer was killed last night.  Is
Hexe-Baizel up there?"

"Yes," replied Brenn; "she is making cartridges."

"They may be of use," said Marc.  "Keep your eyes open, and if any come
up fire on them."

The Maternes halted at the corner of the rock; and these three sturdy
men, with their powerful muscular limbs, their hats pushed back, and
carbines on their shoulders, offered a curious spectacle in the blue
mists of the abyss.  Old Materne was pointing with outstretched hand to
a small white speck in the distance, almost hidden in the midst of the
pines.  "Do you recognize that, my boys?" said he; and they all three
peered through their half-closed eyes.

"It is our house," replied Kasper.

"Poor Margredel!" rejoined the old hunter, after a short pause; "how
uneasy she must have been these last eight days?  What prayers does she
not offer up for us to Saint-Odile?"

At that moment Marc Divès, who was walking on in front, uttered an
exclamation of surprise.

"Mother Lefèvre," said he, stopping short, "the Cossacks are burning
your farm."

Catherine received the tidings very calmly, and advanced to the edge of
the terrace, Louise and Jean-Claude following.  At the bottom of the
abyss was a great white cloud, through which could be seen a bright
spark, as it were, on the side of Bois-de-Chênes--that was all; but at
intervals, when the wind blew strong, the flames shot up, the two high
black gables, the hay-loft, the small stables burned brightly, then all
disappeared once more.

"It is nearly finished," said Hullin, in a low voice.

"Yes," replied Catherine; "there are the labor and trouble of forty
years vanishing in smoke; but they cannot burn my good land, nor the
great meadow of Eichmath.  We will begin our work over again.  Gaspard
and Louise will repair it all.  I regret nothing I have done."

A quarter of an hour later thousands of sparks arose, and the building
crumbled to the ground.  The black gables alone remained standing.
They continued to ascend the path.  As they were ascending the higher
terrace, they heard the sharp voice of Hexe-Baizel.

"Is it thou, Catherine?" she cried.  "Ah, I never thought thou wouldst
have come to see me in my wretched hole."

Baizel and Catherine Lefèvre had been at school together in former
days, therefore they used the third person when speaking.

"Nor I neither," replied the old farm-mistress.  "All the same,
Baizel--one is glad to find in misfortune an old companion of one's

Baizel seemed touched by her words.

"All that is here, Catherine, is thine," she exclaimed; "everything!"

She pointed to her miserable stool, the furze broom, and the five or
six fagots on the hearth.  Catherine looked on a few moments in
silence, and then said: "It is not grand, but it is solid; at least,
they will not be able to burn down thy house."

"No, they will not burn it," said Hexe-Baizel, laughing; "they would
need all the wood of the province of Dabo even to warm it a little.
Ha! ha! ha!"

After so many fatigues, the partisans stood in need of repose.  They
all placed their guns against the wall, and lay down on the ground to
sleep, Marc Divès having opened the second cavern to them, where they
at least were sheltered.  Marc then went out with Hullin to examine
their position.



On the rock of the Falkenstein, high up in the clouds, stands a tower,
somewhat sunken at its base.  This tower, overgrown with brambles,
hawthorn, and bilberries, is as old as the mountain; neither the
French, Germans, nor Swedes have destroyed it.  The stone and cement
are so solidly combined that not even a fragment can be detached from
it.  It looks gloomy and mysterious, carrying one back to ancient
times, beyond the memory of man.

At that time of the year when the wild-geese migrated in flocks, Marc
Divès, when he had nothing better to do, used to await them hidden in
the tower, and sometimes at nightfall, when the flocks came through the
fogs flying in large circles before resting, he would bring down two or
three, much to the satisfaction of Hexe-Baizel, who was always very
willing to put them on a spit.  Often, too, in the autumn, Marc laid
traps in the bushes, where he caught thrushes.  The old tower also
served him as a wood-house.

Divès, perceiving that his wood, covered with snow and soaked by rain,
gave more smoke than light, had covered in the old tower with a roof of
planks.  With reference to this occasion, the smuggler related a
curious story.  He pretended that, on laying the rafters, he had
discovered, at the bottom of a fissure, a snow-white owl, blind and
feeble: but supplied with quantities of bats and field-mice.  He
therefore called it the "grandmother of the country," as he supposed
that all the birds came to feed it on account of its extreme old age.

Toward the close of the day, the partisans posted round the rock saw
the white uniforms appearing in the neighboring gorges.  They poured in
on all sides in large numbers, thereby clearly showing their
determination to blockade the Falkenstein.  Perceiving this, Marc Divès
became more thoughtful.  "If they surround us," said he, "we shall not
be able to procure food, and shall have to surrender or die of hunger."

The enemy's staff on horseback could be clearly distinguished, halting
round the fountain of the village of Charmes.  There also stood a tall
chief with a large paunch, who was contemplating the rock through a
telescope.  Behind him was Yégof, whom from time to time he turned
round to question.  The women and children formed a circle beyond them,
apparently highly delighted, and five or six Cossacks pranced about.
The smuggler could not contain himself any longer, and, taking Hullin
aside, "Look," said he, "at that long line of shakos gliding along the
Sarre, and at the others who are scaling the valley on this side like
hares; they are 'kaiserlichs,' aren't they?  Well, what are they going
to do, Jean-Claude?"

"They are going to surround the mountain, that is clear.  How many are
there, dost thou think?"

"From three to four thousand men, without counting those who are
walking over the country.  Well, what can Piorette do against this pack
of vagabonds with three hundred men?  I ask thee frankly, Hullin."

"He can do nothing," replied the worthy man, simply.  "The Germans know
that our ammunition is on the Falkenstein; they dread an insurrection
after they enter Lorraine, and wish to insure their rear.  The enemy's
general knows that we cannot be taken by mere force, he is deciding to
reduce us by hunger.  All that is true, Marc; but we are men: we will
do our duty--we will die here!"

There was a short silence; Marc Divès frowned, and did not seem at all

"We will die!" he replied, scratching his head.  "I do not see why we
should die at all; it is not our intention to die: too many people
would be gratified by it."

"What wouldst thou do?" said Hullin, dryly.  "Wouldst thou surrender?"

"Surrender!" exclaimed the smuggler.  "Dost thou take me for a coward?"

"Then explain thyself."

"This evening I start for Phalsbourg.  I risk my skin in crossing the
enemy's lines; but I like that better than folding my arms here, and
perishing with hunger.  I will enter the town on the first 'sortie,' or
I will endeavor to climb one of the gates.  The commandant, Meunier,
knows me.  I have sold him tobacco for three years.  Like thyself, he
has gone through the campaigns of Italy and Egypt.  Well, I will
explain everything to him.  I shall see Gaspard Lefèvre.  I will so
arrange that they will give us, perhaps, a company.  Dost thou see,
Jean-Claude, that the uniform alone would save us?  All the brave men
who remain will join Piorette; and in any case we shall be delivered,
That is my idea.  What dost thou think of it?"

He looked at Hullin, whose gloomy, fixed expression made him uneasy.

"Dost thou not think that a chance?"

"It is an idea," said Jean-Claude at last.  "I do not oppose it."  And,
looking full in the smuggler's face, "Swear to me to do thy best to
enter the town."

"I will swear nothing," replied Marc, whose brown cheeks were covered
with a flush.  "I leave all my possessions here, my wife, my comrades,
Catherine Lefèvre, and thee, my oldest friend!  If I do not return, I
shall be a traitor; but if I return, Jean-Claude, thou shalt explain
what thou meanest by thy demand: we will settle this little affair
between us."

"Marc," said Hullin, "forgive me!  I have suffered much these last
days.  I was wrong.  Misfortune makes one distrustful.  Give me thy
hand.  Go!  Save us, save Catherine, save my child!  I say so now: our
only resource is in thee."

Hullin's voice faltered.  Divès relented; but he rejoined: "All the
same, Hullin, thou shouldst not have said that to me at such a time.
Never let us speak of it again.  I will leave my skin on the way, or
return to deliver you.  This evening, when darkness sets in, I will
leave.  The 'kaiserlichs' surround the mountain already; but no matter,
I have a good horse, and, besides, I have always been lucky."

By six o'clock the highest peaks were hid in darkness.  Hundreds of
fires, sparkling in the depths of the gorges, announced that the
Germans were preparing their repasts.

Marc Divès felt his way down the narrow path.  Hullin listened for a
few seconds to the retreating steps of his comrade, then walked
anxiously toward the old tower, where their head-quarters were
established.  He lifted the thick woollen covering which closed the
owl's-nest, and perceived Catherine, Louise, and the others crouching
round a small fire.  The old farm-mistress sat on an oak log, her hands
clasped round her knees, watching the flames fixedly, with compressed
lips.  Louise leant dreamily against the wall.  Jérome stood behind
Catherine, his hands crossed on his stick, his otter-skin cap touching
the mouldy roof.  All were sad and discouraged.  Hexe-Baizel, who was
lifting the lid of a kettle, and Doctor Lorquin, who was scratching the
softer parts of the old wall with the point of his sabre, alone
preserved their usual expression.

"Here we are," said the doctor, "returned to the days of the Triboques.
These walls are more than two thousand years old.  A great deal of
water must have flowed from the heights of the Falkenstein and Grosmann
to the Sarre and Rhine since a fire was last kindled in this tower."

"Yes," replied Catherine, as though awaking from a dream; "and many
besides ourselves have suffered cold, hunger, and misery here.  Who
knew of it?  No one.  And one, or two, or three hundred years hence,
others, perhaps, will again come for shelter to this place.  They will
find, as we have, the wall cold, and the earth damp; they will make a
fire; they will look as we look; and they will say, like us, 'Who
suffered here before ourselves?  Why did they suffer?  They must have
been pursued and hunted, like ourselves, to be obliged to come and hide
in this wretched hole.'  And they will think of past times; and no one
will reply."

Jean-Claude came up to them.  The old dame, raising her head, and
looking at him, said, "Well! we are blockaded; the enemy wants to
subdue us by famine."

"True, Catherine," replied Hullin; "but I did not expect that.  I felt
certain of a sudden attack; but the 'kaiserlichs' have not gained all
yet.  Divès has just left for Phalsbourg.  He knows the commandant of
the place; and if they will only send a few hundred men to our help----"

"Do not count on that," interrupted the old woman.  "Marc may be taken
or killed by the Germans: and, if not, and suppose he manages to cross
their lines, how will he be able to enter Phalsbourg?  You well know
that the town is besieged by the Russians."

Then everybody relapsed into silence.  Hexe-Baizel brought up the soup,
and they sat in a circle round the smoking bowl.



Catherine Lefèvre came out of the ancient ruin about seven in the
morning; Louise and Hexe-Baizel were still asleep; but broad daylight,
the clear light of the high regions, was already penetrating the
abysses.  In the depths, through the azure, the woods, valleys, and
rocks could be clearly traced, like the mosses and pebbles of a lake
beneath the blue crystal water.  Not a breath disturbed the air; and
Catherine, gazing over this grand spectacle, felt a calmness and
tranquillity beyond even that which comes of sleep.  "What are our
miseries of a day," thought she, "our uneasinesses and our sufferings?
Why pester heaven with our moans? why fear the future?  All this lasts
but a second; our sighs are of no more avail than the chirp of the
grasshopper in autumn; and do its cries prevent winter from coming?
Must not time pursue its course, and everything die to be renewed?"

Thus thought the old dame, and she had no longer any fears for the
future.  She had been thus musing for a few instants, when suddenly a
hum of voices struck her ears: she turned, and saw Hullin with the
three smugglers, talking seriously together on the other side of the
plateau.  They were engaged in a grave discussion, and had not noticed
her.  Catherine approached closer to them, and heard the following

"Then you do not think it possible for any one to get down either side?"

"No, Jean-Claude, it is quite impossible," replied Brenn; "those
brigands know the country thoroughly well: all the paths are guarded.
Hold, look along the paths of that stream: we never dreamt of observing
it even; well! they are defending that now.  And over there, on the
passage of the Rothstein, a path only for a goat, which is not trodden
once in ten years--thou canst see a bayonet sparkle behind the rock,
canst thou not?  And that nearer path along which I have slipped with
my bags for these eight years past without meeting a single gendarme,
they occupy that also: the devil certainly must have showed them all
the defiles."

"Yes," exclaimed Joubac, "if the devil has nothing to do with it, at
least Yégof has!"

"But," continued Hullin, "it seems to me that three or four men might,
if they liked, push through one of those posts."

"No, those posts lean one on the other; at the first shot one would
have a whole regiment upon one's shoulders," replied Brenn.  "Besides,
supposing one had the luck to get through, how could one return with
provisions?  My opinion is, that it is impossible."

There was a pause.

"After that," said Joubac, "if Hullin likes we will try all the same."

"We will try what?" said Brenn.  "To break our legs in escaping
ourselves, and leave the others in the trap.  I don't mind; if any
others go, I will too.  But as for pretending to return with
provisions, it is impossible.  Come, Joubac, by which way art thou
going, and by which way wilt thou return?  If thou knowest of a
passage, tell me.  For twenty years I have scoured the mountain with
Marc.  I know all the paths and roads ten leagues round, and I see no
other way but through the sky!"

Hullin turned round at that moment and saw Mother Lefèvre, close
behind, listening attentively.

"What! were you there, Catherine?" said he.  "Our affairs are taking a
bad turn."

"Yes, I heard; there is no means of renewing our provisions."

"Our provisions!" said Brenn with a queer laugh.  "Are you aware,
Mother Lefèvre, for how long we have them?"

"Why, for a fortnight," replied the old dame.

"For a week," said the smuggler, shaking out the ashes from his pipe.

"It is true," said Hullin, "Marc Divès and myself thought they would
attack the Falkenstein; we never imagined the enemy would blockade it
like a fortress.  We have been deceived!"

"And what is to be done?" said Catherine, turning pale.

"We are going to put everybody on half rations.  If, in a fortnight,
Marc does not return we shall have nothing left--then we shall see."

So saying, Hullin, Catherine, and the smugglers, with bowed heads, took
the path to the breach again.  As they were coming down the slope,
thirty feet below them they perceived Materne.  He was climbing
breathlessly among the ruins, and clutched hold of the bushes to help
him along faster.

"Well," shouted Jean-Claude to him; "what is the matter, old fellow?"

"Ah! there thou art.  I was coming to find thee; one of the enemy's
officers has come forward on the wall of the old 'burg' with a little
white flag; he looks as though he had something to say to us."

Hullin advanced immediately to the edge of the rock, and saw a German
officer standing on the wall, and awaiting a signal to mount.  He was
about two gun-shots distant; farther behind five or six soldiers were
stationed with their arms shouldered.  After having inspected this
group, Jean-Claude turned and said: "It is a flag of truce.  He comes
no doubt to summon us to surrender."

"Fire upon them!" cried Catherine; "it is all we have to say."

All the others appeared of the same advice, excepting Hullin, who,
without making any reply descended to the terrace, where the rest of
the partisans were assembled.

"My children," said he, "the enemy sends us a flag of truce.  We do not
know what he wants of us.  I suppose it is to order us to lay down our
arms; but it may possibly be something else.  Frantz and Kasper will go
to meet him; they must blindfold the officer and lead him here."

No objection being made, Materne's sons shouldered their carbines and
walked away under the lofty arch.  About ten minutes later, the two
red-haired hunters reached the officer; there was a rapid conference
between them, after which all three began to climb to the Falkenstein.
By degrees, as the party ascended, the uniform of the officer and his
face could be distinguished: he was a thin man, with light brown hair,
well made, and determined-looking.  At the foot of the rock Frantz and
Kasper blindfolded him, and soon the sound of their steps under the
arch could be heard.

Jean-Claude going toward them, himself unbound the handkerchief,
saying, "You desire to communicate something to me, sir; I am

The partisans stood about fifteen paces away.  Catherine Lefèvre, the
foremost among them, frowned; her bony, angular face, long beaked nose,
her three or four tresses of gray hair, falling down over her temples
and hollow cheek-bones, her compressed lips, and the fixity of her
gaze, appeared at first to rivet the attention of the German officer.
Next to her stood Louise, with her sweet pale face.  Jérome, with his
long tawny beard, draped in his horse-hair tunic, and Materne, leaning
on his short carbine, and the others around him completed the group.

The officer himself was the object of particular attention.  One could
see in him, his attitude, fine sunburnt features, clear gray eyes,
handsome mustache, in the elegance of his limbs, hardened by the labors
of war, a member of an aristocratic race: he combined the old soldier
and the man of the world, the warrior and the diplomatist.

This reciprocal inspection being finished, the bearer of the flag of
truce said, in good French, "I have the honor of addressing the
Commandant Hullin?"

"Yes, sir," replied Jean-Claude.

And seeing the other gazing hesitatingly around the circle, he
continued, "Speak loud, sir, so that everybody may hear you.  When
honor and the country are in question all are concerned in France; the
women are interested as well as ourselves.  Have you any proposition to
make me, and from whom?"

"From the General Commander-in-chief.  Here is my commission."

"Good; we are listening to you, sir."

Then the officer, raising his voice, said in a resolute tone: "Permit
me first, commandant, to remark that you have fulfilled your duty
splendidly: you have called forth the esteem of your enemies."

"In the matter of duty," replied Hullin, "we have all done our best."

"Yes," added Catherine, dryly, "and since our enemies esteem us on that
account, well, they will esteem us still more in eight or fifteen days,
for we have not reached the end of the war yet.  You will live to see
more of us."

The officer turned his head, and looked with astonishment at the savage
energy in the old woman's face.

"They are noble sentiments," he retorted, after an instant's silence:
"but humanity has its rights, and to squander blood uselessly is
returning evil for evil."

"Then why do you come into our country?" cried Catherine sharply.  "Go
away, and we will let you alone.  You make war like brigands: you
steal, pillage, and burn.  You all deserve to be hanged.  And to set a
good example, you personally ought to be hurled over that rock."

The officer turned pale, for the old woman seemed quite capable of
carrying out her threat; however he soon regained his composure, and
replied calmly: "I am aware that the Cossacks have set fire to the farm
in front of this rock.  They are pillagers, such as are to be found in
the rear of every army, and this isolated act proves nothing against
the discipline of our troops.  The French soldiers did the same in
Germany, and particularly in the Tyrol; not content with pillaging and
burning the villages, they mercilessly shot all mountaineers suspected
of having taken up arms for the defence of their country.  We might
make reprisals, and should be justified in doing so; but we are not
barbarians, we can understand that patriotism is noble and grand, even
in its most ill-advised acts.  Besides, we are not making war on the
French people, but on the Emperor Napoleon.  And the general, on
learning the conduct of the Cossacks, has publicly punished this act of
Vandalism; more, he has decided that an indemnity shall be accorded to
the proprietor of the farm."

"I will not receive anything from you," Catherine hastily interrupted;
"I will keep my injustice and revenge myself."

The officer understanding by the accent of the old woman's voice that
he could make no impression upon her, and feeling that it was even
dangerous for him to reply, turned toward Hullin, and said: "I am
ordered, commandant, to offer you the honors of war if you will consent
to give up this position.  You have no provisions, we know that.  In a
few days you will be obliged to lay down your arms.  The esteem felt
for you by our general has alone caused him to make you honorable
conditions.  A longer resistance would be useless.  We are masters of
the Donon, our battalions are entering Lorraine; the campaign will not
be concluded here, therefore you have no interest in defending such a
position.  We wish to spare you the horrors of famine on this barren
rock.  Come, commandant, decide."

Hullin turned toward the partisans and said to them: "You have heard?
I refuse; but I will submit if everybody accepts the propositions of
the enemy."

"We refuse, all of us," said Jérome.

"Yes, all," replied the others.

Catherine Lefèvre, who had looked inflexible till then, regarded Louise
and seemed touched; she took her by the arm, and turning toward the
officer, said to him: "We have a child with us; is there no means by
which we could send her to one of our relations at Saverne?"

Hardly had Louise heard these words, than throwing herself into
Hullin's arms with fear, she cried out: "No, no, I will remain with
you, Papa Jean-Claude; I will die with you."

"Well," said Hullin; "go tell your general what you have seen: tell him
that the Falkenstein will be ours till death!  Kasper, Frantz,
reconduct the truce-bearer."

The officer appeared to hesitate, but as he opened his mouth to speak,
Catherine, pale with rage, exclaimed, "Begone! you have not yet gained
all the advantages you think.  It is that brigand Yégof who has told
you that we have no provisions; but we have for two months, and by that
time our army will have exterminated you all.  Traitors will not always
have the best of it: bad luck to you."

Seeing she was becoming more and more excited, the officer thought it
best to take his departure: he turned to his guides, who put the
bandages over his eyes, and conducted him to the foot of the

The instructions which Hullin had given concerning the provisions were
executed on the same day, and each received his half ration.  A sentry
was placed before Hexe-Baizel's cavern, where the food was kept; the
door was barricaded, and Jean-Claude decided that the distributions
should be made in the presence of all, so as to prevent any injustice;
but all these precautions were destined to fail in preserving the
unfortunate people from the horrors of famine.



For three days they had been entirely without food on the Falkenstein,
and Divès had given no signs of life.  How often, during those long
days of agony, did the mountaineers turn their eyes toward
Phalsbourg!--how often had they listened, fancying they could hear the
smuggler's step, while the vague murmur of the wind alone filled the

The nineteenth day since the arrival of the partisans on the
Falkenstein was passed amidst all the tortures of hunger.  They no
longer spoke; they remained crouched on the earth, with pinched faces,
and lost in endless reveries.  Sometimes they watched each other with
sparkling eyes, as though about to devour one another, then relapsed
into sullen calm.

Occasionally Yégof's raven, flying from crag to crag, would approach
this place of misfortune.  Then old Materne would take aim with his
rifle, but the ill-omened bird would immediately take flight with
dismal croakings, and the old hunter's arm fell helpless by his side.
And as though the exhaustion of hunger was not enough to fill the
measure of so much misery, the poor creatures only opened their mouths
to accuse and menace one another.

"Do not touch me," cried Hexe-Baizel, in a shrill voice to those who
looked at her--"do not look at me, or I will bite you!"

Louise was delirious; her great blue eyes, instead of living objects,
saw only shadows flit across the plateau, touching the tops of the
bushes, and resting on the old tower.

"Here is food!" she said.  Then the others became enraged with the poor
child, crying out with fury, that she was mocking them, and bidding her

Jérome alone remained perfectly calm; but the great quantity of snow he
had swallowed to appease the pangs of ravenous hunger, had inundated
his whole body and bony face with a cold sweat.  To appease the
cravings of his stomach, Doctor Lorquin had bound a handkerchief round
his loins, and tightened it more and more.  He was seated with his back
against the tower, and his eyes closed, though he now and then opened
them to say, "We have reached the first--the second--the third stage.
One more day, and all will be over!"

He then began to declaim about the Druids, Odin, Brahma, Pythagoras,
quoting Latin and Greek, and announcing the near transformation of the
people of Harberg into wolves, foxes, and animals of all sorts.  "For
myself," he exclaimed, "I will be a lion!  I will eat fifteen pounds of
beef every day!"

Then renewing his discourse:--"No, I will be a man.  I will preach
peace, brotherhood, justice.  Ah, my friends, we suffer for our own
faults.  What have we done with the other side of the Rhine for the
last ten years?  With what right did we set up masters over those
peoples?  Why did we not exchange our ideas, our sentiments, the
produce of our arts and of our industry with theirs?  Why did we not
approach them like brothers, in place of wishing to subject them to us?
We should have been well received.  What must they not have suffered,
those unhappy people, during those ten years of violence and rapine!
Now they are avenged, and it is just!  May the malediction of heaven
fall on the miserable wretches who get up divisions among peoples in
order to oppress them!"

After these moments of excitement he would fall exhausted against the
wall of the tower, and murmur--"Some bread; oh, only a morsel of bread!"

Materne's two sons, crouched in the brushwood, their carbines at their
shoulders, seemed to expect the passage of some game which never
arrived.  Their ceaseless watching alone sustained their expiring

Others, bent double with pain, were shivering with cold, and yet were
burning with fever: they reproached Jean-Claude with having brought
them to the Falkenstein.

Hullin, with a superhuman force of character, still went and came,
observing what took place in the neighboring valleys, but without
saying anything.

Occasionally he would advance to the edge of the rock, and with his
massive jaws clinched and shining eyes, looked at Yégof, seated before
a large fire, on the plains of Bois-de-Chênes, in the midst of a band
of Cossacks.  Since the arrival of the Germans in the valley of the
Charmes, the madman had never quitted his post, but appeared to be
watching the agony of his victims.

Such was the position of these unfortunate people beneath the open

In the gloom of a prison the torture of hunger is doubtless frightful,
but in the broad light of day, in the eyes of a whole country, in face
of all the resources of nature, its sufferings are beyond all

At the close of the nineteenth day, between four and five o'clock in
the afternoon, the weather was gloomy; large gray clouds rose behind
the snowy summit of the Grosmann; the red sun, like a ball of fire,
threw a few last rays into the misty horizon.  The silence on the rock
was unbroken.  Louise no longer gave signs of life; Kasper and Frantz
remained among the bushes immovable as stones; Catherine Lefèvre,
crouching on the earth, her skinny arms clasped round her pointed
knees, with hard, rigid features, her hair hanging over her clammy
cheeks, looked like some old sibyl seated in the heather.  She had
ceased speaking.  That evening, Hullin, Jérome, old Materne, and Doctor
Lorquin gathered themselves around the old farm-mistress to die.  They
were silent, and the last rays of twilight fell upon the wretched
group.  To the right, behind a jutting rock, a few German watch-fires
sparkled in the abyss.  Suddenly the old dame, rousing from her dreams,
began to murmur some unintelligible words.

"Divès is coming," said she, in a low voice.  "I see him.  He goes out
from the door to the right of the arsenal.  Gaspard follows him,

Then she began to count.

"Two hundred and fifty men," she exclaimed; "National Guards and
soldiers.  They cross the ditch; they mount behind the demilune.
Gaspard is speaking with Marc.  What does he say?"

She appeared to listen.

"Let us hurry!--yes, hurry!  Time flies!  There they are on the glacis!"

There was a long pause; then the old woman suddenly arose, with
outstretched arms and hair on end, and screamed aloud in a terrible
voice:--"Courage!  Kill, kill!  Ah, ah!"  And she fell down heavily.

This fearful cry awoke them all; it would have aroused the dead.  The
besieged seemed born anew.  Something was abroad.  Was it hope, life, a
spirit?  I know not; but all rose up on their hands and knees, like
wild beasts, holding their breath to hear.  Louise even moved softly
and lifted her head; Frantz and Kasper dragged themselves along; and,
strange to say, Hullin, turning his eyes toward Phalsbourg, thought he
saw through the darkness the flashes of a fusillade announcing a sortie.

Catherine had resumed her first appearance; but her cheeks, before
still and pale as those of a corpse, trembled now.  The others listened
as though their salvation hung on her lips.  A quarter of an hour
nearly had passed, when the old dame slowly recommenced:--"They have
passed the enemy's lines; they are running toward Lutzelbourg.  I see
them!  Gaspard and Divès are before, with Desmarets, Ulrich, Weber, and
our friends of the town.  They come! they come!"

She again became silent.  Long did they listen; but the vision was
gone.  Seconds followed seconds slowly like centuries.  At length,
Hexe-Baizel, in an angry voice, began to say:--"She is mad!  She saw
nothing!  Marc, I know him: he is making fun of us.  What does it
matter to him if we perish?  So long as he has his bottle and tobacco
and can smoke his pipe in peace by the fireside, all the rest is
nothing.  Ah, the wretch!"

Then all relapsed into silence, and the unhappy creatures, reanimated
for an instant by hope of a speedy deliverance, again fell into despair.

"It is a dream," thought they; "Hexe-Baizel is right: we are condemned
to die of hunger."

While this was going on night arrived.  When the moon rose behind the
high pine-trees, and lit up the gloomy group, Hullin alone kept watch,
in spite of his raging fever.  Far off--very far off in the gorges--he
heard the voices of the German sentries; "Wer da?  Wer da?" the rounds
of the patrols in the woods; the shrill neighing of the horses at the
picket, and the shouts of their keepers.  Toward midnight the worthy
fellow fell asleep like the rest.  When he awoke, the clock of the
village of Charmes struck four.  At the sound of the distant chimes,
Hullin shook off his drowsiness, and he opened his eyes.  As he gazed
unconsciously into the darkness, trying to collect his thoughts, the
vague glimmer of a torch passed before his eyes.  A feeling of dread
came over him, and he said to himself:--"Am I mad?  The night is dark,
and I see torches!"

Nevertheless, the flame reappeared; he looked at it, then raised
himself quickly, resting his contracted face for a second in his hand.
At length, hazarding one more look, he distinctly saw a fire on the
Giromani, on the other side of Blanru--a fire which swept the heavens
with its purple wings, causing the shadows of the pines to dance on the
snow.  Recalling to himself that this signal had been agreed upon
between him and Piorette to announce an attack, he trembled from head
to foot, his face streamed with perspiration, and, walking in the dark,
groping like a blind man with his hands outstretched, he
stammered,--"Catherine, Louise, Jérome."  But no one answered.  Still
groping about, thinking he was walking while he did not make a step,
the unfortunate man fell down, exclaiming, "My children!  Catherine!
they come!  We are saved!"

A vague sound immediately arose.  One would have said that the dead
were awaking.  There was a shrill laugh: it was Hexe-Baizel, gone mad
from her sufferings.

Then Catherine exclaimed: "Hullin!  Hullin! who spoke?"

Jean-Claude, recovering from his emotion, said, in firmer tones:
"Jérome, Catherine, Materne, and the others, are you dead?  Do you not
see that fire down there, in the direction of Blanru?  It is Piorette,
who is coming to our assistance."

At the same instant, a deep boom rolled along the gorges of the
Jägerthal, like the rumbling of a storm.  The summoning trumpet of the
Judgment could not have produced a greater effect on the besieged: they
suddenly awoke.

"It is Piorette! it is Marc!" cried broken, harsh voices, such as might
have belonged to skeletons; "they are coming to our aid!"

And all the wretched creatures tried to rise: some sobbed; but they had
no longer any tears to shed.  A second report brought them upright.

"They are firing in detachments," said Hullin.  "Ours are doing so too.
We have soldiers in lines!  France forever!"

"Yes," replied Jérome.  "Mother Catherine was right; the Phalsbourgers
are coming to our assistance; they are descending the hills of the
Sarre; and there is Piorette, who is now attacking by Blanru."

Indeed, the fusillade now began to resound on both sides at once,
toward the plateau of Bois-de-Chênes and the heights of Kilbèri.

The two chiefs embraced; and, as they groped along in the dark night,
seeking to reach the edge of the rock, suddenly Materne cried out,
"Take care, the precipice is near!"

They stopped short and looked down; but nothing was to be seen: a
current of cold air ascending from the abyss alone warned them of the
danger.  The peaks and gorges round were all plunged in darkness.  On
the hill-sides in front the flashes of the fusillade passed like
lightning, illuminating now an old oak, now the heather, or the black
outline of some rock; and groups of men were coming and going, as
though in the midst of a conflagration.  Two thousand feet below, in
the depth of the gorge, could be heard dull sounds of galloping horses,
and the clamors of command.  Now, the shout of a mountaineer hailing
another was prolonged from peak to peak, and arose to the Falkenstein
like a sigh.

"It is Marc!" said Hullin; "it is Marc's voice!"

"Yes, it is Marc, who bids us have courage," replied Jérome.

The others looked around them with outstretched necks, their hands
grasping the rock.  The fusillade continued with a vivacity that
betrayed the fury of the battle; but nothing could be seen.  Oh! how
they wished to take part in this supreme struggle!  With what ardor
would they not have thrown themselves into the fire!  The fear of being
abandoned once more, of seeing by daylight their defenders retreating,
rendered them speechless with terror.

Day began to dawn; the pale light arose behind the black summits, and
began to illumine the gloomy valleys, and soon the fog of the abyss
turned to silvery mists.  Hullin, looking across the openings of these
clouds, at length made out the position.  The Germans had lost the
heights of Valtin, and the plain of Bois-de-Chênes.  They were massed
in the valley of Charmes, at the foot of the Falkenstein, so as to
obtain shelter from their adversaries' fire.  Piorette, master of
Bois-de-Chênes, had thrown out outworks, in front of the rock, on the
side of the descent to Charmes.  He was pacing to and fro, his pipe in
his mouth, and carbine slung across his shoulders; and the blue axes of
the wood-cutters glistened in the rising sun.  On the left of the
village, toward Valtin, in the midst of the furze, Marc Divès, on a
small black horse, with a long tail, his blade by his side, pointed to
the ruins and the sledge road; while an infantry officer and a few
National Guards were listening to him.  Gaspard Lefèvre stood alone, in
front of the group, leaning on his gun; and, on the summit of the hill,
by the wood, two or three hundred men were keeping watch.

The sight of the small number of their defenders caused the hearts of
the besieged to grow fearful; all the more so, as the Germans were
seven or eight times superior in numbers, and had already begun to form
columns of attack, to regain the positions they had lost.  Horsemen
were conveying on all sides the general's orders, and the bayonets
began to defile.

"It is all over," said Hullin to Jérome.  "What are five or six hundred
men to do against four thousand in line of battle?  The Phalsbourgers
will return to their houses and say, 'We have done our duty.'  And
Piorette will be crushed."

The others thought so too; and their despair was brought to a climax
when they suddenly saw a long file of Cossacks riding furiously along
the valley of Charmes, with Yégof the madman galloping like the wind at
their head, his beard, horse's tail, dogskin, and red hair floating
wildly in the air.  He looked up at the rock, and brandished his lance
above his head.  Reaching the bottom of the valley, he made at once for
the enemy's staff, and coming up to the general, he indicated by
gestures the other side of the plateau of Bois-de-Chênes.

"Ah, the brigand!" shouted Hullin.  "See, he tells them that Piorette
has no outworks on that side, that they must go round the mountain."

In fact, a column began immediately to march in that direction, while
another went toward the outworks to mask the movement of the first.

"Materne," cried Jean-Claude, "is there no means of sending a ball into
the madman?"

The old hunter shook his head.

"No," said he, "it is impossible; he is out of range."

Just then, Catherine Lefèvre gave a wild scream like a hawk.

"Crush them, crush them, as they did at the Blutfeld!"

And the old woman, an instant before so feeble, threw herself on a mass
of rock, lifted it with both hands, advanced, with her streaming gray
hair, bent over to the edge of the abyss, and the rock dashed through
the space beneath.

A terrible crash resounded below, pieces of pine flew out on all sides,
the great stone rebounded a hundred feet away, and descending the steep
slope with fresh impulse, struck Yégof, and crushed him at the feet of
the enemy's general.  This was but the work of a few seconds.

Catherine, upright on the edge of the rock laughed with a rattling
sound, which seemed as though it would never end.

The others, as though all animated with new life, precipitated
themselves on the ruins of the old castle, shouting: "Slay them! slay
them!  Crush them as at the Blutfeld!"


It is impossible to imagine a more terrible scene.  These beings, at
death's very door, lean and haggard as skeletons, found strength for
the carnage.  They no longer stumbled, they trembled no more; each one
lifted his stone and threw it down the precipice, then returned to take
another, without even looking to see what was passing below.

Imagine the stupor of the "kaiserlichs" at this deluge of ruins and
rocks.  All had turned at the sound of the stones bounding above
through the bushes and clumps of trees.  At first they stopped as
though petrified; but looking higher up, and seeing more and more
stones descending, and above it all the spectres coming and going,
lifting their arms, and continually discharging fresh burdens--seeing
their comrades crushed, fifteen or twenty at a time, an immense cry
went up from the valley of Charmes to the Falkenstein, and,
notwithstanding the fusillade which they kept up on every side, the
Germans scampered away to escape this fearful death.

In the thickest of the rout, the enemy's general contrived to rally a
battalion, and descend slowly toward the village.

There was something grand and dignified about this man, so calm in the
midst of disaster.  He turned from time to time with a gloomy look to
watch the bounding rocks, which made ghastly havoc in his columns.

Jean-Claude observed him, and, notwithstanding the intoxication of his
triumph and the certitude of having escaped famine, the old soldier
could not suppress a feeling of admiration.

"Look," said he to Jérome, "he acts as he did on returning from the
Donon and Grosmann: he is the last to retire, and yields only bit by
bit.  There are, indeed, brave fellows in every country!"

Marc Divès and Piorette, the witnesses of this stroke of fortune, then
descended into the midst of the fir-trees, to try and cut off the
retreat of the enemy.  But the battalion, reduced to half its strength,
formed into square behind the village of Charmes, and slowly ascended
the valley of the Sarre, stopping sometimes, like a wounded boar who
turns to look at the huntsmen, whenever Piorette's men or those of
Phalsbourg tried to press too nearly upon them.

Thus terminated the great battle of the Falkenstein, known in the
mountains under the name of the Battle of the Rocks.



The combat was hardly over, when, toward eight o'clock, Marc Divès,
Gaspard, and about thirty mountaineers, laden with provisions, ascended
the Falkenstein.  What a spectacle awaited them!  The besieged,
stretched on the earth, appeared to be dead.  It seemed useless to
shake them, to cry into their ears; "Jean-Claude!  Catherine?  Jérome!"
There came no reply.  Gaspard Lefèvre, seeing his mother and Louise
immovable, with clinched teeth, told Marc, that if they did not return
to life, he would blow out his brains with his gun.  Marc replied that
each man must do as he liked; but for his part he should not do
likewise on Hexe-Baizel's account.  At length old Colon, having laid
his burden down on a stone, Kasper Materne opened his eyes, and seeing
the provisions, his teeth began to chatter like those of a fox pursued
by the hounds.

They immediately understood the meaning of this symptom; and Marc
Divès, going from one to the other, passed his gourd under their noses,
which sufficed to bring them to.  They wanted to drink its contents all
up at once; but Doctor Lorquin, notwithstanding his condition, had
still enough sense to warn Marc not to allow them to do so, and the
slightest action of choking would be fatal to them.  Each one,
therefore, only received a morsel of bread, an egg, and a glass of
wine, which wonderfully revived their spirits; then Catherine, Louise,
and the others, were laid on sledges and were brought down to the

It is impossible to describe the enthusiasm and joy of their friends
when they saw them return, leaner than Lazarus when he rose from his
grave.  They gazed at one another, and embraced, and the process was
repeated on the arrival of every newcomer from Abreschwiller, Dagsburg,
St. Quirin, or elsewhere.

Marc Divès was obliged to relate more than twenty times the story of
his journey to Phalsbourg.  The brave smuggler had had no luck.  After
having miraculously escaped from the balls of the "kaiserlichs," he got
into the valley of Spartzprod, and fell into the midst of a band of
Cossacks, who ransacked him from top to toe.  He had been compelled to
wander for two weeks around the Russian posts which surrounded the
town, exposed to the continual fire of their sentries, and running
endless risks of being taken as a spy, before being able to get into
the town.  Then the commandant, Meunier, at first refused to give any
succor, assigning the weakness of his garrison as an excuse, and only
at the pressing petitions of the towns-folk at length consented to
detach two companies.  Listening to his recital, the mountaineers gave
vent to their admiration of Marc's courage and perseverance in the
midst of danger.

"Well," replied the tall smuggler good-humoredly to those who thus
congratulated him, "I have only done my duty; could I have allowed my
comrades to perish?  I well knew it would not be easy; those rascally
Cossacks are sharper than the customs' folks; they scent you a league
off like crows; but all the same, we have outwitted them."

Five or six days later everybody was on the alert; Captain Yidal, from
Phalsbourg, had left twenty-five men to guard the powder; Gaspard
Lefèvre was of the number, and the sturdy fellow went down every
morning to the village.  The allies had all passed into Lorraine, and
were no longer seen in Alsace, except around the fortresses.  Soon
after came the news of the victories of Champ-Aubert and Montmirail;
but a great misfortune was at hand; for the allies, notwithstanding the
heroism of our army and the genius of the Emperor, entered Paris.

It was a terrible shock to Jean-Claude and Catherine, Materne, Jérome
and all the mountaineers; but the history of these events does not
belong to this tale.  It has already been related by others.

Peace having been made, the farm of Bois-de-Chênes was rebuilt in the
spring; the wood-cutters, the shoemakers, masons, wood-floaters, and
all the workmen of the district, lent a hand in the work.

Toward the same time, the army having been disbanded, Gaspard cut off
his mustaches and his marriage with Louise took place.

On the day of the wedding all the combatants of the Falkenstein and
Donon came to the farm, where they were received with open doors and
windows.  Each brought his present to the newly married pair; Jérome,
small shoes for Louise; Materne and his sons, a black cock, the most
loving of birds, as all know; and Divès, packets of smuggled tobacco
for Gaspard; and Doctor Lorquin a fine set of baby-linen.  Tables were
spread out, even in the granaries and sheds.  How much wine, bread,
meat, and tarts was consumed I cannot say; but what I am sure of is,
that Jean-Claude, who had been low-spirited ever since the entry of the
allies into Paris, revived on that day, and sang the old song of his
youth as cheerfully as when he shouldered his gun and set out for
Valmy, Jemmapes, and Fleurus.  The echoes of the Falkenstein repeated
in the distance that old patriotic song; the grandest and noblest that
has ever been heard by man.  Catherine Lefèvre kept time on the table
with the handle of her knife; and if it be true, as many say, that the
dead come to listen when they are spoken of, our departed friends must
have been happy, and "The King of Diamonds" have fumed in his red beard.

Toward midnight, Hullin arose, and addressing the newly married pair,
said: "You will have fine children; I will jump them on my knees, I
will teach them my old song, and then I shall go to rejoin my old

So saying he embraced Louise, and arm in arm with Marc Divès and
Jérome, descended to his cottage, followed by the rest, who sang
together the fine old song.  A more beautiful night was never seen:
numberless stars shone out in the dark blue sky; the shrubs on the
hill-side, where so many brave fellows had found a grave, quivered
slightly in the breeze.  Every one felt happy and softened; they shook
hands on the threshold of the small house, and wished each other
"good-night," and departed, to the right and to the left, to their
different villages.

"Good-night, Materne, Jérome, Divès, Piorette--good-night!" cried

His old friends turned back, waving their hats, and said to themselves:
"There are some days when one is very happy on the earth.  Ah, if there
were never any plagues, or wars, or famines; if men would but agree to
love and help each other; if they would but live in peace together,
what a paradise this world would be!"

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Invasion of France in 1814" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.