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Title: An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language - in which the words are explained in their different senses, ...
Author: Jamieson, John
Language: English
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    *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *
    *                        INTRODUCTORY NOTE                        *
    *                                                                 *
    * This dictionary is an abridged edition of the two-volume quarto *
    * dictionary published in 1808. Numerous entries are prefixed by  *
    * an asterisk, for which no explanation is given.  According to   *
    * the four-volume edition published in 1879-1882, "The asterisk   *
    * signifies that the word to which it is prefixed, besides the    *
    * common meaning in English, is used in a different sense in      *
    * Scotland."                                                      *
    *                                                                 *
    * Some entries are alphabetically out of sequence.                *
    *                                                                 *
    * Some entries are undefined.  A full list is included in the     *
    * Transcriber's Notes at the end.                                 *
    *                                                                 *
    * Some cross-references have spellings at variance with the word  *
    * referred to. This reflects the fluidity of the spelling of      *
    * Scottish words at the time the dictionary was compiled.         *
    *                                                                 *
    * A number of words for which a cross-reference is cited do not   *
    * in fact appear in the dictionary.  A full list is included in   *
    * the Transcriber's Notes.                                        *
    *                                                                 *
    *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *  *



    AN

    ETYMOLOGICAL

    DICTIONARY

    _OF THE_

    SCOTTISH LANGUAGE.



                                    AN

                               ETYMOLOGICAL

                                DICTIONARY

                                  OF THE

                             SCOTTISH LANGUAGE;

                                 IN WHICH

             THE WORDS ARE EXPLAINED IN THEIR DIFFERENT SENSES,
        AUTHORISED BY THE NAMES OF THE WRITERS BY WHOM THEY ARE USED,

                                    AND

                      DEDUCED FROM THEIR ORIGINALS.


                   _ABRIDGED FROM THE QUARTO EDITION,_

                                BY THE AUTHOR,

                              JOHN JAMIESON, D. D.

                 FELLOW OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH,
         OF THE SOCIETY OF THE ANTIQUARIES OF SCOTLAND, AND OF THE
                          AMERICAN ANTIQUARIAN SOCIETY.


                                   EDINBURGH:

                PRINTED FOR ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE AND COMPANY, AND
                          ALEXANDER JAMESON, EDINBURGH,
                            _By Abernethy & Walker._


                                     1818.



PREFACE.


~The Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language~, which was
published in the year 1808, has been so favourably received, that
although the impression was large, a set is now rarely to be found; and
at any rate cannot be purchased at less than double the price paid by
Subscribers.

As many, who would wish to possess the original work, cannot now be
supplied; while it has still been out of the reach of others, not less
interested in our national literature; the Author has been advised to
give it to the Public in an abridged form.

He has followed the same plan with that of the abridgment of Dr
~Johnson~'s English Dictionary; in giving all the terms contained in the
larger work, in their various significations, the names of the writers
by whom they are used, or the titles of the works in which they occur,
and their derivations. In one instance only has he deviated from the
plan of the great English Lexicographer, in placing the etymons after
the definitions. This mode is undoubtedly the most simple; as a reader,
when looking into a Dictionary for the origin of a word with which he is
familiar, or for the signification of one with which he is unacquainted,
must be supposed to turn his eye first to the definition, that he may
know whether this is the word that he looks for, or whether, in the
passage in which it has occurred, it can bear the sense there given,
before he thinks of examining its origin, or can form any judgment as to
the propriety of the etymon that may be offered.

While this work contains a variety of words which are not to be found in
the quarto edition, the Author flatters himself that he does not claim
too much in supposing, that during ten years which have elapsed since it
was published, he has had it in his power, from many sources formerly
unexplored, to make considerable improvements both in the explanatory
and in the etymological department. This, he trusts, will be evident to
any who will take the trouble to compare the one work with the other.

In most instances, where he has met with new significations of the words
explained in the larger work, he has inserted them in this, with their
authorities. Such, indeed, is the copiousness of our vernacular
language, that he is far from pretending that he has had it in his
power to give a complete view of it. From the recent publication of many
of our old acts formerly imprinted, from his own researches, and from
the liberal communications both of friends and strangers, who have been
anxious to render what they are pleased to consider a national work as
complete as possible, the Author has been supplied with a great variety
of terms which were formerly unknown to him. These he hopes to have it
soon in his power to give to the public in an additional volume in
quarto, in order to complete the former work. This, as far as he can
calculate at present, will be equal in size to any of the preceding
volumes.

    ~Edinburgh~, }
    May 6. 1818. }



_An Explanation of the Contractions used in this Work._

    _A. Bor._     Anglia Borealis, North of England.

    _Adj._        Adjective.

    _Adv._        Adverb.

    _Alem._       Alemannic language.

    _Ang._        Angus, county of.

    _Arm._        Armorican, or language of Bretagne.

    _A. S._       Anglo-Saxon language.

    _Belg._       Belgic language.

    _C. B._       Cambro-Britannic, or Welsh language.

    _Celt._       Celtic.

    _Clydes._     Clydesdale.

    _Conj._       Conjunction.

    _Contr._      Contracted, or Contraction.

    _Corn._       Cornish, or language of Cornwall.

    _Corr._       Corrupted, or corruption.

    _Dan._        Danish language.

    _Dimin._      Diminutive.

    _Dumfr._      Dumfriesshire.

    _E._          English language.

    _Fr._         French language.

    _Franc._      Frankish, Theotisc, or Tudesque language.

    _Fris._       Frisian dialect of the Belgic.

    _Gael._       Gaelic of the Highlands of Scotland.

    _Germ._       German language.

    _Gl. Gloss._  Glossary.

    _Gl. Sibb._   Glossary by Mr James Sibbald.

    _Gr._         Greek language.

    _Heb._        Hebrew language.

    _Hisp._       Spanish language.

    _Ibid._       In the same place.

    _Id._         Having the same signification; also, the same writer.

    _Imper._      Imperative.

    _Ir._         Irish language.

    _Isl._        Islandic (or Icelandic) language.

    _Ital._       Italian language.

    _Lat._        Latin language.

    _L. B._       Barbarous Latin.

    _Loth._       Lothian.

    _Metaph._     Metaphor, Metaphorical.

    _Moes. G._    Moeso-Gothic, as preserved in Ulphilas's
                  Version of the Gospels.

    _Mod._        Modern.

    _MS._         Manuscript.

    _N._          Note.

    _O._          Old.

    _Orkn._       Orkney.

    _Part. pr._   Participle present.

    _---- pa._    ---- past.

    _Pers._       Persian language.

    _Perh._       Perhaps.

    _Pl._         Plural.

    _Prep._       Preposition.

    _Pret._       Preterite.

    _Pron._       Pronoun; _also_, Pronounce, pronunciation.

    _Prov._       Proverb.

    _Q._ or _q._  Quasi.

    _q. v._       Quod vide.

    _S._          Scottish, Scotland.

    _S._          Denotes that a word is still used in Scotland.

    _S. A._       Scotia Australis, south of Scotland.

    _S. B._       Scotia Borealis, North of Scotland; also Northern Scots.

    _Shetl._      Shetland.

    _Shirr._      Shirrefs.

    _S. O._       Scotia Occidentalis, West of Scotland.

    _s._          Substantive.

    _Su. G._      Suio-Gothic, or ancient language of Sweden.

    _Sw._         Swedish language, (modern.)

    _Term._       Termination.

    _Teut._       Teutonic.

    _Tweedd._     Tweeddale.

    _V._          Vide, see.

    _v._          Verb.

    _vo._         Voce.



_Rules for rendering the use of this Dictionary more easy._


Y vowel, used by our ancient writers promiscuously with _i_, being in
fact only double _i_, and printed _ij_ in other northern languages, is
to be sought for, not as it stands in the English alphabet, but in the
same place with the letter _i_, throughout the work.

Words not found in SH, to be sought for under SCH.

Those, in like manner, not found in WH, to be sought for under QUH,
expressing the sound of the old Gothic guttural.

Words, improperly printed in our old books with _Z_, to be looked for
under Y consonant.


                  *       *       *       *       *


                    In One Volume 8vo, price 12s.

                          HERMES SCYTHICUS,

                                 OR

                       THE RADICAL AFFINITIES

                               OF THE

                      GREEK AND LATIN LANGUAGES

                                 TO

                             THE GOTHIC.

        _Illustrated from the Moeso-Gothic, Anglo-Saxon, Francic,
                 Alemannic, Suio-Gothic, Islandic, &c._

                        TO WHICH IS PREFIXED,

             A DISSERTATION ON THE HISTORICAL PROOFS OF THE
                    SCYTHIAN ORIGIN OF THE GREEKS.

    ⁂ A few copies have been printed in royal 8vo, price 24s.

     "Dr Jamieson, being amply provided with an accurate knowledge
     of the various dialects of the Gothic Languages to be compared
     with the Greek, has proved the existence of a connection
     between them, more extensive and more intimate than could
     easily have been imagined, without so laborious an
     investigation, in which he appears to have gone considerably
     further than his learned and ingenious predecessors Ihre and
     Rudbeck."

     ~Quarterly Review~, ~NO.~ ~XXVII~, Oct. 1815.



    AN
    ETYMOLOGICAL
    DICTIONARY
    OF THE
    SCOTTISH LANGUAGE.



A


The letter A has, in the Scottish language, four different sounds:

1. _A_ broad, as in E. _all_, _wall_. _U_ is often added, as in _cald_,
cold, written also _cauld_; and sometimes _w_; both as marks of the
prolongation of the sound.

2. _A_ short, in _lak_, _mak_, _tak_, S. as in _last_, _past_, E.

3. _A_ open, in _dad_, _daddie_, a father, and some other words, S. as
in E. _read_ pret., _ready_ adj.

4. _A_ slender or close, in _lane_, _alane_, alone, _mane_, moan, S.
like _face_, _place_, E. The monosyllables have generally, although not
always, a final _e_ quiescent.


_A_ is used in many words instead of _o_ in E.; as _ane_, _bane_,
_lang_, _sang_, _stane_, for _one_, _bone_, _long_, _song_, _stone_. For
the Scots preserve nearly the same orthography with the Anglo-Saxons,
which the English have abandoned. Thus the words last mentioned were
written in A. S. _an_, _ban_, _lang_, _sang_, _stan_. In some of the
northern counties, as in Angus and Mearns, the sound of _ee_ or _ei_
prevails, instead of _ai_, in various words of this formation. _Ane_,
_bane_, _stane_, &c. are pronounced _ein_, _bein_, _stein_, after the
manner of the Germans, who use each of these terms in the same sense.

When this letter is written with an apostrophe, as _a'_, it is meant to
intimate that the double _l_ is cut off, according to the pronunciation
of Scotland. But this is merely of modern use.


_A_ is sometimes prefixed to words, both in S. and old E., where it
makes no alteration of the sense; as _abade_, delay, which has precisely
the same meaning with _bade_. This seems to have been borrowed from the
A. S., in which language _abidan_ and _bidan_ are perfectly synonymous,
both simply signifying, to remain, to tarry.


_A_, in composition, sometimes signifies _on_; as _agrufe_, on the
_grufe_ or belly, S.; Isl. _a grufu_, cernuè, pronè. Johnson thinks that
_a_, in the composition of such E. words as _aside_, _afoot_, _asleep_,
is sometimes contracted from _at_. But these _terms_ are unquestionably
equivalent to _on side_, _on foot_, _on sleep_; on being used, in the
room of _a_, by ancient writers.


_A_ is used, by our oldest writers, in the sense of _one_. The
signification is more forcible than that of the indefinite article in
English; for it denotes, not merely an individual, where there may be
many, or one in particular, but one exclusively of others, in the same
sense in which _ae_ is vulgarly used.


ABAD, ABADE, ABAID, _s._ Delay, abiding, tarrying; the same with ~Bad~,
~Bade~.
    A. S. _abid-an_, manere.

  _Wallace._


ABAID, _part. pa._ Waited, expected.

    A. S. _abad_, expectatus.

  _Douglas._


_To_ ABAY, ABAW, _v. a._ To astonish. _Abayd_, part. pa. astonished;
_abawed_, Chaucer.

    Fr. _esbah-ir_, id.

  _K. Hart._


_To_ ABAYS, _v. a._ To abash, to confound. _Abaysyd_, part. pa.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _abass-ir_, id.


ABAITMENT, _s._ Diversion, sport.

  _Douglas._

    Arm. _ebat-a_ ludere, _ebat_ ludus; O. Fr. _ebaud-ir_ recreare,
_ebattement_ recreatio.


ABAK, _adv._ Back, behind; Chaucer, id.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _aabak_, retrorsum, A. S. _on baec_, id.


ABANDOUN. _In abandoun_, _at abandoun_, at random.

  _Barbour._

Chaucer uses _bandon_ as denoting free will, pleasure.

    Fr. _en ábandon_, _à l'ábandon_, id. from _à_, _ban_, and _donner_,
to give up to interdiction.


_To_ ABANDON, _v. a._

1. To bring under absolute subjection.

  _Barbour._

2. To let loose, to give permission to act at pleasure.

  _Wallace._

3. To destroy, to cut off.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _abandonn-er_, id.


ABANDONLY, _adv._ At random, without regard to danger.

  _Wallace._


ABASIT, _part. pa._ Confounded, abashed.

  _Douglas._


ABATE, _s._ Accident; something that surprises one, as being unexpected.

  _King's Quair._

    Fr. _abatt-re_, to daunt, to overthrow; or _abet-ir_, stupidum,
_hebet_-em, reddere.


_To_ ABAW.

V. ~Abay~.


ABBEIT, _s._ Dress, apparel, O. E. _abite_.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Arm. _abyt_, _abyta_, Lat. _habit-us_, Fr. _habit_, id.


ABBACY, ABBASY, _s._ An abbey.

    L. B. _abatia_, id.

  _Acts. Ja. III._


ABBOT OF UNREASON, a sort of histrionic character, anciently exhibited
in Scotland, but afterwards forbidden by Act of Parliament.

  _Acts Marie._

    This was one of the Christmas sports; and, as the ancient
_Saturnalia_ levelled all distinction of ranks, the design of this
amusement was to ridicule the solemnity of the proceedings of an Abbot,
or other dignified clergyman. It is the same with the _Abbot of
Misrule_, and distinguished in name only from the _Boy-Bishop_,
characters formerly well known both in England and in France. The
principal personage was denominated the _Abbot of Unreason_, because his
actings were inconsistent with _reason_, and merely meant to excite
mirth.


ABEE. _To let abee._ To let alone, to bear with, not to meddle with, S.

    _To let be_, E.

  _Ritson._


ABEECH, ABIEGH, _adv._ Aloof, "at a shy distance," chiefly used in the
west of S.

_Stand abeigh_, keep aloof.

  _Burns._

    Fr. _aboy_, O. Fr. _abai_, _abay_, _abbais_; E. _at bay_, O. E.
_abay_.


ABERAND, _part. pr._ Going astray.

    Lat. _aberrans_, E. _aberring_.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ ABHOR, _v. a._ To fill with horror.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ ABY, _v. a._ To suffer for.

    O. E. _abeye_, _abie_. A. S. _byg-an_, to buy.

  _Henrysone._


ABIL, _adj._ Able.

  _Wyntown._

    Lat. _habil-is_, Fr. _habile_, C. B. _abl_, Teut. _abel_, id.


ABIL, _adv._ Perhaps.

V. ~Able~.


ABYLL, _adj._ Liable, apt.

V. ~Abil~.

  _Bellenden._


ABITIS, _s. pl._ Obits, service for the dead.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Lat. _obit-us_, death; also, office for the dead.


ABLACH, _s._ A dwarf, an expression of contempt, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirrefs._

    Gael. _abhach_, id.


ABLE, ABLIS, ABLINS, _adv._ Perhaps, peradventure, S. _Yeable-sea_, id.

  _Montgomery._

    A. S. _abal_, Isl. and Su. G. _afl_, strength, properly that of the
body; _afl-as_, to be _able_.


ABLINS, _adv._

V. ~Able~.


ABOWYNE, ABONE, ABOW, _prep._ Above, S.  Yorks.  Westmorel.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _abufan_, id. The radical term is evidently _ufan_, supra.


_To_ ABREDE, _v. a._ To publish, to spread abroad.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    A. S. _abraed-an_, propalare.


_To_ ABREDE, _v. n._ To start, to fly to a side. Chauc. _abraide_, id.

  _Henrysone._


ABREID, ABRADE, ABREAD, _adv._ Abroad, at large, S.

  _Burel._

    A. S. _abred-an_, extendere, or Isl. _a braut_, forth, in via.


ABSTINENCE, _s._ A truce, cessation of arms.

  _Spotswood._

    Fr. id. L. B. _abstinentia_.


AB-THANE, ABTHANE, _s._

V. ~Thane~.


ABULYEIT, ABULYEID, ABILYEIT, _part. pa._

1. Drest, apparelled.

  _Douglas._

2. Equipped for the field of battle.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Fr. _habill-er_, to clothe.


ABULIEMENT, _s._ Dress, habit; Fr. _habiliment_.

  _Bellenden._


AC, EC, _conj._ But, and.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _aec_, _eac_; Moes. G. _auk_; Alem. _auh_; Su. G. _och_,
_ock_; Belg. _ook_; Lat. _ac_, etiam.


ACCOMIE, _s._ A species of metal, S.

V. ~Alcomye~.


_To_ ACCORD. Used impersonally; _as accords_, or _as accords of law_, i.
e. as is agreeable or conformable to law. It has greater latitude of
signification than the phrase, _as effeiris_, which denotes any thing
proportional, convenient, or becoming, as well as conformity.

  _Laws of S._


_To_ ACHERSPYRE, _v. n._ To shoot, to germinate, E. _acrospire_.

  _Chalmerlan Air._

    A. S. _aechir_, an ear of corn, _aecer_, Su. G. _aakar_, corn, and
_spira_, the projection of any thing that is long and slender.  Gr.
ακρος, summus, and σπειρα, spira.


ACHERSPIRE, _s._ The germination of malt at that end of the grain from
which the stalk grows, S.


ACHIL, _adj._ Noble.

V. ~Athil~.


_To_ ACRES, ACRESCE, _v. n._

1. To increase, to gather strength.

  _Burel._

2. Used us a law term in S. to denote that one species of right, or
claim, flows from, and naturally falls to be added to, its principal.

    Fr. _accroist-re_, Lat. _accrescere_, id.


_To_ ACQUEIS, _v. a._ To acquire.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _acquis_, _acquise_, part. pa.; Lat. _acquisitus_.


ACQUART, AIKWERT, _adj._ Cross, perverse, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _acwerd_, aversus, perversus, E. _aukward_.


ACTON, _s._ A leathern jacket, strongly stuffed, anciently worn under a
coat of mail.

  _Stat. Rob. I._

    O. Fr. _auqueton_, _haucton_, L. B. _aketon_, _acton_, id.


ACTUAL, _adj._ _An actual minister_, or _an actual man_, a phrase still
used by the vulgar to denote one who is in full orders as a minister of
the gospel, S.

  _Wodrow._

    L. B. _actus_, officium, ministerium.


ADDETTIT, _part. pa._ Indebted.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _endebté_, id.


ADEW, used as an _adj._ Gone, departed.

  _Douglas._

    From Fr. _adieu_, used in an oblique sense.


ADEW, _part. pa._ Done.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _adoa_ facere, _adon_ tollere.


ADHEILL, _s._ The district in S. now called Athol.

  _Barbour._

    Gael. _Blair-adh-oll_, Blair-Atholl, expl. "the great pleasant
plain."


ADDILL, ADDLE, _s._

1. Foul and putrid water.

  _Douglas._

2. The urine of black cattle, Renfrews.

    A. S. _adl_, filthy gore, Teut. _adel_, filth, mire.

Hence,


_To_ ADDLE, _v. n._ To moisten the roots of plants with the urine of
cattle, Renfrews.

    Su. G. _adl-a_, mejere.


ADIST, _prep._ On this side, S. It is opposed to _ayont_, i. e. on the
other side.

  _Kelly._

    Perhaps from Germ. _diss_. hoc, E. _this_.


_To_ ADORNE, _v. a._ To worship, to adore.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


ADRED, _adv._ Downright.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _adroit_, or _droit_, right, straight, Lat. _direct-us_, Rudd.


ADREICH, _adv._ Behind, at a distance.

_To follow adreich_, to follow at a considerable distance, S. B.
_Adrigh_, O. E.

    From the adj. _Dreich_, q. v.

  _Bellenden._


ADREID, _conj._ Lest.

  _Palice Hon._

    Imper. of A. S. _adraed-an_ timere.


ADRESLY, _adv._ With good address.

  _Wyntown._


AE, _adj._ One, S.

V. letter A.

  _Ramsay._


AE, _adv._ Always; E. _aye_.

  _Z. Boyd._

    Isl. _ae_, semper, Moes. G. _aiw_ aeternum.


AER, _s._ Oar.

V. ~Air~.

  _Stat. Gild._


_To_ AFAYND, _v. a._ To attempt, to endeavour, to try.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _afand-ian_ tentare.


AFALD, AFAULD, AEFAULD, AUFAULD, EFFAULD, _adj._

1. Honest, upright, without duplicity, S.

2. Used to denote the unity of the divine essence in a trinity of
persons.

  _Barbour._

    Moes. G. _ainfalth_, Isl. _einfauld_, A. S. _anfeald_, simplex.
Immediately from S. _a_ or _ae_ one, and _fald_ fold.


AFF, _adv._ Off, S.

  _Ross._

    Moes. G.  Isl.  Su. G.  Dan.  Belg. _af_, Gr. απο, αφ', Alem. and
Lat. _ab_.

_Aff at the knot_, lunatic, deranged, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirrefs._

_Aff and on_.

1. Applied to those who lodge on the same floor, S.

2. Without any permanent change, used in relation to the sick, S.

_Aff or on_, determined one way or another, as in regard to a commercial
transaction, S.


AFFCAST, _s._ A castaway.

  _Bruce._

    From _aff_ off, and _cast_.


AFFCOME, _s._

1. The termination of any business, the reception one meets with, as, "I
had an ill _affcome_," S.

2. Sometimes used in the sense of escape, S. q. "_coming off_."


AFFECTUOUS, _adj._ Affectionate.

V. ~Effectuous~.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


AFFER, AFEIR, EFFEIR, EFFERE, _s._

1. Condition, state.

  _Barbour._

2. Warlike preparation, equipment for war.

  _Wallace._

3. Appearance, shew.

  _Barbour._

4. Demeanour, deportment.

  _Maitland P._

V. ~Fair~, ~Fere~.


AFFERD, _part. pa._ Afraid, O. E. _affered_, vulgar E. _afeard_.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _afaered_, territus.


AFFERIS, EFFEIRS, _v. impers._

1. Becomes, belongs to, is proper or expedient; frequently used in our
laws.

  _Barbour._

2. It sometimes signifies what is proportional to, S.

  _Acts Counc._

    O. Fr. _affer-ir_, appartenir, Lat. _affero_.


AFF-HAND, _adj._ Plain, honest, blunt, given to free speaking. S.
_affin-hand_, Ang.


AFF-HAND, _adv._ Without premeditation, S.

  _Ramsay._


AFFLUFF, AFFLOOF, _adv._

1. Without book, off hand.

To repeat _aff lufe_, to deliver merely from memory, without having a
book or notes, S.

2. Extempore, without premeditation, S.

  _Ramsay._

    From S. _aff off_, and _lufe_, the palm of the hand.


AFFPUT, _s._ Delay, or pretence for delaying. S.


AFFPUTTING, _adj._ Delaying, trifling, dilatory, _putting off_, S.


AFFRAY, _s._ Fear, terror; Chaucer, id.

    Fr. _affre_, _effroi_, terreur.

  _Barbour._


AFFROITLIE, _adv._ Affrightedly.

    Fr. _effroy-er_, to frighten.

  _Douglas._


AFFSET, _s._

1. Dismission, the act of putting away, S.

2. An excuse, a pretence, S.

  _Ross._

    Moes. G. _afsat-jan_, amovere.


AFFSIDE, _s._ The farther side of any object, S. Su. G. _afsides_,
seorsum.


AFLOCHT, AFLOUGHT, _part. pa._ Agitated, in a flutter, S.

V. ~Flocht~.

  _Bellenden._


AFORGAYN, _prep._ Opposite to; the same with ~Foregainst~, q. v.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _onforan_, ante, coram, and _gean_, contra; _on_ being changed
into _a_ in S. and E., as _onweg_ into _away_.  _Foran ongean_, ex
adverso.


AFORNENS, _prep._ Opposite to.

V. ~Fore-anent~.

  _Wyntown._


AFTEN, _adv._ Often, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _aeft_, iterum.


AFTER ANE, _adv._ Alike, in the same manner, in one form, S. i. e.
_after one_.


AFTER-CLAP, _s._ Evil consequence, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._


AFTERHEND, _adv._ Afterwards.

V. ~Eftirhend.~


AFTERINGS, AFT'RINS, _s. pl._ The last milk taken from a cow, S.
Lancash. Derbysh. id.

    A. S. _aefter_ post.

  _Morison._


AGAYNE, AGANE, _prep._ Against, S.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _gean_, _agen_, _ongean_, Su. G. _gen_, _igen_, Isl. _gegn_,
_gen_, contra.


AGAIT, _adv._ On the way or road.

V. ~Gait~.

  _Wallace._

    _A_ in the sense of _on_, and _gait_, a way.


AGATIS, _adv._ In one way, uniformly.

  _Barbour._

    _A_, one, and _gatis_ the plur. or genit. of A. S. _gat_, a way.


AGEE, A-JEE, _adv._

1. To one side, S. _To look agye_, to look aside, Gl. Yorks.

  _Ramsay._

2. A-jar, a little open, S.

  _Burns._

    From _a_ on, and _jee_, to move, to turn.


_To_ AGENT, _v. a._ To manage, whether in a court of law, or by
interest, S.

  _Baillie._


_To_ AGGRISE, _v. a._ To affright, to fill with horror. _Agryse_,
Chaucer, to shudder, to make to shudder.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _agrys-an_, horrere.


AGLEY, A-GLY, _adv._ Off the right line, obliquely, wrong, S.

  _Burns._

V. ~Gley~.


AGRUFE, _adv._ In a flat or grovelling position, S.

V. ~Grufe~.


AGWET, _s._ The name anciently given to the hill on which the castle of
Edinburgh stands.

  _Hardyng._

    Corr. from C. B. _Agned_, _Castel mynyd Agned_; perhaps, q. "the
castle of the rifted mount," _agen_, signifying a cliff, _ageniad_, id.
_agenedig_, rifted.


AHIND, AHINT, _prep._ Behind, S.

  _Buchan Poems._

    A. S. _hindan_, post, _aet hindan_, a tergo, _on-hinder_, retrorsum.


AHIND, AHINT, _adv._

1. Behind, in respect of place, S.

2. Late, as to time, S.

3. Applied to what remains, or is left, S.

  _Ross._


AICH, _s._ Echo, S. B.


AIGARS, _s._ Grain dried very much in a pot, for being ground in a quern
or hand-mill. S. B.

    Moes. G. _akran_, Su. G. _aker_, Isl. _akur_, corn; A. S. _aecer_,
an ear of corn.

Hence,


AIGAR-MEAL, _s._ Meal made of grain dried in this manner, S.


AIGAR-BROSE, _s._ A sort of pottage made of this meal, S.


To AIGH, _v. a._ To owe, to be indebted; _aighand_, owing, S. B.

    Su. G. _aeg-a_, Isl. _eig-a_, debere; Moes. G. _aig-an_, A. S.
_ag-an_, habere, possidere.


AIGHINS, _s. pl._ What is owing to one, especially used as denoting
demerit. When one threatens to correct a child who is in fault, it is a
common expression, "I'll gie you your _aighins_," S. B.

    Moes. G. _aigins_, possession.


AIGLET, _s._

1. A tagged point.

  _Gl. Sibb._

2. A jewel in one's cap.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Fr. _esguilette_, id. q. _aculeata_.


AIK, AYK, _s._ The oak, S. Plur. _akis_, oaks.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ac_, _aec_, Alem. Germ. _eiche_, Su. G. _ek_, Isl. _eik_,
quercus.


AIKERIT, _part. adj._ Eared; _weil yaikert_, having full ears; applied
to grain, Tweedd, Pron. _yaikert_.

V. ~Aigars~.


AIKRAW, _s._ Pitted warty lichen, L. scrobiculatus, Linn. South of S.

V. ~Staneraw~.

  _Lightfoot._


AYLE, _s._

1. A projection from the body of a church, one of the wings of the
transept, S.

2. An inclosed and covered burial place, adjoining to a church, though
not forming part of it, S.

  _Spalding._

    Moes. G. and A. S. _alh_, templum.


AILICKEY, _s._ The bridegroom's man, he who attends on the bridegroom or
is employed as his messenger at a wedding, Ang.

    Su. G. _e_ marriage, and _lackey_, Fr. _lacquay_, a runner.


AIN, _adj._ Own, S.

V. ~Awin~.


AYND, END, _s._ The breath; also written _end_; A. Bor. _Yane_, id.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. Su. G. _ande_, A. S. _ond_, halitus, spiritus.


_To_ AYND, EAND, _v. a._ To breathe upon.

  _Bellenden._

    Isl. _and-a_, Su. G. _and-as_, respirare.


AYNDING, _s._ The act of breathing.

  _Douglas._


AYNDING-STEDE, _s._ A breathing-place.

  _Douglas._


AYNDLESSE, _adj._ Breathless, out of breath.

  _Barbour._


AINS, _adv._ Once.

V. ~Anis~.


AIR, AYR, AR, ARE, _adv._

1. Before, formerly.

  _Wallace._

2. Early.

_Fell air_, very early in the morning.

_Airer_, compar.; _airest_, superl.

  _Wyntown._

_Are morrow_, early in the morning.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _air_, A. S. _aer_, Alem. _er_, Belg. _eer_, ante, prius;
also tempus matutinum.


AIR, _adj._ Early, S.

  _Journ. Lond._


AIR, _s._ Expl. "hair, used for a thing of no value."

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Isl. _aur_, the smallest thing imaginable.


AIR, AIRE, AYR, AYRE, AR, _s._ An oar; still used, S. B.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. Alem. _are_, Isl. _aar_, Dan. _aere_, Su. G. _ara_.


AIR, AIRE, AYR, _s._ An heir.

  _Barbour._

    Moes. G. _arbi_, Su. G. _arf_, Lat. _haeres_, id.


AYRSCHIP, _s._ Inheritance, S.

  _Acts Ja. III._


AIR, AYRE, AYR, _s._ An itinerant court of justice; E. _Eyre_.

  _Wallace._

    Lat. _iter_, O. Fr. _eire_.


AIRN, _s._ Iron, S.  _Airns_, pl. Fetters.

    Isl. _iarn_, Su. G. _iern_.

V. ~Irne~.


AIRT, ART, ARTH, AIRTH, _s._

1. Quarter of the heaven, point of the compass, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A particular quarter of the earth.

  _Wallace._

_On every art_, on every hand, on all sides.

  _Douglas._

    Gael. _aird_, a cardinal point; Germ. _ort_, _wart_, Belg. _oorde_,
a place or quarter; Isl. _vart_, Moes. G. _wairths_, versus, towards.


_To_ AIRT, ART, ERT, _v. a._

1. To direct, to mark out a certain course, used with respect to the
wind, as blowing from a particular quarter, S.

  _Law Case._

2. To give direction or instruction, in order to find out a certain
person or place, or any other object, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

3. _To airt on_, to urge forward, Galloway.

  _Davidson._


AIRT and PART.

V. ~Art~.


AISLAIR, _adj._ Polished, S.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


AISMENT, AYSYAMENT, _s._ Used in the same sense with E. _easement_, as
denoting assistance, accommodation. Fr. _aisement_, commodum.

  _Stat. Rob. I._


AIT, oat or oaten.

V. ~Aits~.

  _Douglas._


AITS, _s. pl._ Oats, S. _Wild aits_, bearded oat-grass, S. Avena fatua,
Linn.

    A. S. _ata_, _ate_, avena.


AITEN, _adj._ Oaten, S.

  _Ritson._


AITH, AYTHE, _s._ An oath.

V. ~Athe~.


AITH, or AIFTLAND, _s._ That kind of land called _infield_, which is
made to carry oats a second time after barley, and has received no dung.
Ang.

    Perhaps from A. S. _aeft_, iterum.


AITH-HENNES, _s. pl._ Apparently _heath-hens_, as being bred on the
heath.

  _Skene._


AYSYAMENT, _s._

V. ~Aisment~.


AIZLE, _s._ A hot ember.

V. ~Eizel~.


AKYN, _adj._ Oaken.

  _Douglas._


ALAGUST, _s._ Suspicion.

V. ~Allagust~.


ALAIS, _s. pl._ Alleys.

  _Wallace._


ALAK,

  _Wallace._

V. ~Lak~.


ALAMONTI, ALLAMOTTI, _s._ The storm finch, Procellaria pelagica, Linn.
Orkn. The same with the _Assilag_ of St Kilda. _Allamotti_ is the proper
pronunciation.

  _Neill._

    Ital. _ala_, a wing, and _moto_, motion.


ALANE, ALLANE, _adj._ Alone, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Alem. _alain_, Germ. _allein_, alone; from _all_ omnis, and _ain_,
_ein_, unus.


ALANERLIE, _adv._

V. ~Allanerly~.


ALAREIT.

V. ~Lareit~.


ALARS. _Alars yet_, apparently, the gate overspread with alder.

  _Palice Hon._

    A. S. _alr_, Alem. _ellra_, the alder; Su. G. _alar_, of or
belonging to the alder-tree.


ALAWE, _adv._ Downward, below.

V. ~Law~, ~Lawe~.


ALBLASTRIE, _s._ Apparently, the exercise of the cross-bow.

V. ~Awblaster~.


ALCOMYE, _s._ Latten, a kind of mixed metal still used for spoons.
Hence, _Accomie spunes_, spoons made of alchymy, S. B.

  _Douglas._

    From Fr. _alquemie_ or O. E. _alchymy_.


ALD, ALDE, AULD, _adj._ Old, S. Yorks. O. E. _ald_, id.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _eald_, Alem. _alt_, vetus; derived from A. S. _eald-ian_, to
remain, to stay, to last, Alem. _alten_, to prolong.


_To_ ALEGE, _v. a._ To absolve from allegiance.

    Fr. _alleg-er_, id.

  _Wyntown._


ALEUIN, _adj._ Eleven.

  _Complaynt S._


ALGAIT, ALGATE, ALGATIS, _adv._

1. Every way.

  _Douglas._

2. At all events, by all means.

  _Douglas._

    O. E. _all gate_, R. Brunne; _all gates_, Chaucer.  From _all_, and
_gait_, or _gatis_, i. e. all ways.


ALHALE, ALHALELY, _adv._ Wholly, entirely.

  _Douglas._

    From _all_, and _hale_, _hail_, whole.


ALIENARE, _s._ A stranger.

  _Douglas._

    Lat. _alien-us_.


ALYA, ALLIA, ALLYA, ALLAY, _s._

1. Alliance.

  _Wallace._

2. An ally.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

3. Sometimes used as a plural noun, signifying allies.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _allie_, with a Saxon termination.


ALYAND, _part. pr._ Keeping close together.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _alli-er_, to join, to knit.


_To_ ALYCHT, _v. a._ To enlighten.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _alyht-an_, illuminare; _alyht-nysse_, illuminatio.


ALIST. _To come alist._ To recover from faintness or decay, applied both
to animals and vegetables; to recover from a swoon, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _lios_, light; _aliost_, the dawn of day; _at koma i liosi_, to
make manifest.


ALYTE, _adv._ A little.

V. ~Lite~.

  _Lyndsay._


ALLAGRUGOUS, _adj._ Grim, ghastly.

  _Journ. Lond._

    Perhaps from _all_, Moes. G. _alla_, and _gruous_, ghastly, q. v.


ALLAGUST, _s._ Suspicion.

  _Journ. Lond._

    Fr. _a le goust_, has a taste or smack.


_To_ ALLAYA, _v. a._ To ally.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _alli-er_.


ALLANERLIE, ALANERLY, ALLENARLY, _adv._ Only, solely, S.

From _all_, and _anerly_, only.

  _Reg. Maj._


ALL ANYS, _adv._ Together, in a state of union.

  _Wallace._

    From _all_, A. S. _eall_, and _anes_, the genit. of _an_ unus, q.
all of one.


ALLARIS, ALLERIS, Common, universal, an old genitive used adjectively.
O. E. _alre_, id.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _allera_, genit. pl. of _all_, omnis; Belg. _aller_, id.

V. ~Aller~.


ALLA-VOLIE, ALLE-VOLIE, _adv._ At random, S.

    Fr. _à la volée_.

  _Philotus._


ALLA-VOLIE, ALLE-VOLIE, _adj._ Giddy, volatile; "An _alle-volie_
chield," a volatile fellow, S.


ALLE-MEN, _adj._ Common, universal.

  _Popul. Ball._

    Su. G. _all-maen_, communis, Teut. _alle-man_, omnis homo,
_al-ghemeyn_, universus.


ALLAR, ALLER, _s._ The alder, a tree, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


ALLER, _adv._ Wholly, entirely, altogether. _Aller-hale_, a pleonasm.

  _Barbour._

    O. E. _alder_, id. often prefixed to a superlative.

V. ~Allaris~.


ALLERIS, _s. pl._ The same with ~Allaris~.

  _Douglas._


ALLEVIN, _part. pa._ Allowed, admitted.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    A. S. _alef-an_, concedere, permittere; Su. G. _lofw-a_, Moes. G.
_laub-jan_, id.


ALLIA.

V. ~Alya~.


ALLYNS, _adv._ Altogether, thoroughly.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _alleingis_, _allaengis_, A. S. _allinga_, _eallenga_,
omnino, prorsus.


ALLKYN, ALKIN, _adj._ All kind of, _Aw kin kind_, S. B.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _eall-cyn_, omnigenus.


ALL OUT, _adv._ In a great degree, beyond comparison.

  _Barbour._


_To_ ALLOW, _v. a._

1. To approve of, generally with the prep. _of_ subjoined.

  _Rollock._

2. To praise, to commend.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _allou-er_, approbare, Su. G. _lofw-a_, laudare.


ALLPUIST, APIEST, APIECE, _conj._ Although, S. B. _abies_, Loth.

  _Jour. Lond._

    Perhaps corr. from _albeit_.


ALLRYN, _adj._ Constantly, progressive, applied to time.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _all_ omnis, and _rinn-an_, currere.


ALLSTRYNE, _adj._ Ancient.

  _Maitland Poems._

    A. S. _ald_, old, and _strynd_, generation, or _stryn-an_, to beget.


ALLTHOCHTE, _conj._ Although.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _all_, all, and _thohte_, part. pa. q. "every thing taken into
consideration."

V. ~Thocht~.


ALLUTERLIE, ALLUTTERLY, _adv._ Wholly, entirely.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _all_ omnis, and _uter_, _utter_, exterior, from _ut_ extra.


ALL-WEILDAND, _adj._ All-governing.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _all_, all, and _weald-an_, to govern; Franc. _alluualt_, Isl.
_all-valdur_, omnipotent.


ALMANIE WHISTLE, a flagelet of a very small size, used by children,
Aberd. Thus denominated, because whistles of this kind were originally
imported from _Almanie_, i. e. Germany.


ALMASER, ALMOSEIR, _s._ An almoner, or dispenser of alms.

  _Dunbar._

    From _Almous_, alms.


ALMERIE, ALMORIE, _s._ Anciently a place where _alms_ were deposited or
distributed; in latter times used to denote a press or cupboard, where
utensils for house keeping are laid up; the same with E. _ambry_.

  _Dunbar._

    O. Fr. _almoire_, _aumuire_, A. S. _almerige_, repositorium,
scrinium.


ALMOUS, ALMOWS, AUMIS, _s._ Alms, S. _Almesse_, O. E.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _almes_, _almesse_; Sw. _almosa_; Gr. ελεημοσυνα.


ALPE, _s._ An elephant. _Alpes bon_, ivory.

  _Gl. Complaynt S._

    A. S. _elp_, Lat. _eleph-as_; Heb. _alaph_, bos.


ALQUHARE, ALLQUHARE, _adv._ Every where.

  _Douglas._

    From _all_, and _quhare_ where.


ALRY, _adj._

For its different senses, V. ~Elrische~.


ALRYNE, _s._ Apparently a watch-tower, or the highest part of a castle.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Su. G. _hall-a_ defendere, _hallare_ praesidium, _hallarena_
watchmen.


ALS, _conj._ As; generally employed in the first part of a comparison;
"_Als_ fers as a lyoun," i. e. "As fierce as a lion."

  _Wallace._

    From A. S. _ealles_, omnino; or _eall swa_, ita, tam.


ALS, ALSE, _adv._ Also, in the same manner.

V. ~Sua~, ~Alsua~.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _eall swa_, etiam.


ALSAME, ALSAMEN, _adv._ Altogether.

  _Douglas._

    From A. S. _eall_ all, and _same_ together.  Alem. _alsamen_, simul.


ALSMEKLE, _adv._ As much.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    From _als_, and _mekle_, much, great.


ALSONE, _adv._ As soon, with _as_ subjoined.

  _Barbour._

    Properly _als sone_, A. S. _eall swa sona_.


ALSUA, _adv._ Also.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _alswa_, sicut.


ALSWYTH, _adv._ Forthwith.

  _Barbour._

    From _all_, and _swith_, quickly, q. v.


ALUTERLY, _adv._

V. ~Alluterlie~.


ALWAIES, ALWAYIS, _conj._ Although; notwithstanding, however.

  _Bellenden._


AMAILLE, _s._ Enamel.

  _King's Quair._

    Fr. Belg. _email_, Dan. _amel_; Teut. _mael-en_ pingere, A. S.
_mael_, imago.


AMAIST, _adv._ Almost, S. _ameast_, Westmorel.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _ealmaest_, Belg. _almeest_, id.


AMANG, AMANGIS, _prep._

1. Among; _amang_, S. Westmorel.

  _Wyntown._

2. At intervals, occasionally.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _meng-an_, Su. G. _maeng-a_, Isl. _meng-a_, to mix, to
blend.


AMBASSATE, AMBASSIAT, _s._ An embassy, as denoting the persons sent
considered collectively.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _ambassade_, id.


AMBRY, _s._ A press in which the provision for the daily use of a family
in the country is locked up, S.

V. ~Almerie~.


_To_ AMEISE, AMESE, AMEYSS, _v. a._ To mitigate, to appease.

  _Barbour._

    Franc. _mezz-an_, Germ. _mass-en_, moderari, mitigare; C. B. _masw_,
soft.


AMENE, _adj._ Pleasant.

  _Douglas._

    Lat. _amoen-us_, id.


AMERAND, _adj._ Green, verdant; probably written _ameraud_.

  _Douglas._

    From the colour of the emerald, Fr. _emeraud_.


AMERIS, AUMERS, _s. pl._ Embers; aumers, S. B.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _aemyria_, Belg. _ameren_, Isl. _eimyria_, favilla.


AMYRALE, _s._ An admiral.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _amiral_; Arab. _amir_, a lord, _ameer al omrah_, prince of the
princes.


_To_ AMIT, _v. a._ to admit.

  _Wallace._


AMMELYT, _part. pa._ Enamelled.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _emaill-er_, L. B. _amayl-are_, id.


_To_ AMMONYSS, _v. a._ To admonish, to counsel.

V. ~Monesting~.

  _Barbour._


AMORETTIS, _s. pl._ Loveknots, garlands.

  _King's Quair._

    Fr. _amourettes_, love-tricks, dalliances, Cotgr.


_To_ AMOVE, AMOW, _v. a._ To move with anger, to vex, to excite.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _emouv-oir_, id.


AMOUR, _s._ Love.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. id. Lat. _amor_.


AMSCHACH, _s._ A misfortune. S. B.

  _Ross._

    Ir. Gael. _anshogh_, adversity, misery.


AMSHACK, _s._ Noose, fastening; probably the same with ~Ham-shackel~, q.
v.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ AN, _v. a._

1. To appropriate, to allot as one's own.

  _Sir Tristrem._

2. To owe, to be indebted to.

  _Sir Trist._

    Su. G. _egn-a_ proprium facere, from _egen_ proprius; A. S. _agnian_
possidere, from _agen_ proprius.


AN, AND, _conj._

1. If, S. "_If_, and _An_, spoils mony a gude charter," S. Prov.

  _Barbour._

2. Sometimes used as equivalent to E. _although_.

  _W. Guthrie._

    Su. G. _aen_ si, et; Isl. _end_, id.


_To_ ANALIE, _v. a._ To dispone, to alienate; a juridical term.

  _Reg. Maj._

    By transposition from Lat. _alien-are_.


ANALIER, _s._ One who alienates property, by transporting it to another
country. Lat. _alien-ator_.

  _Stat. Rob. I._


_To_ ANAME, _v. a._ To call over names, to muster.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ ANARME, ANNARME, _v. a._ To arm.

  _Acts Ja. I._


ANCLETH, HANCLETH, _s._ The ancle.

  _Gl. Sibb._


AND, _conj._

V. ~An~.


ANE, _adj._ One, S.

  _Barbour._

    Moes. G. _ain_; A. S. _an_, _ane_; anc. Su. G. _an_; mod. Su. G.
_en_; Isl. Germ. _ein_; Belg. _een_, id.


ANE, _article_, signifying one, but with less emphasis.

  _Barbour._


_To_ ANE, _v. n._ To agree, to accord. Pret. _anyd_.

  _Wyntown._

    Germ. _ein-en_, concordare, convenire; Su. G. _en-a_, firmiter
aliquid proponere; Isl. _eining_, unio; Su. G. _enig_; Germ. _einig_.
concors.


ANEABIL, _s._ A single woman; properly one who is used as a concubine.

  _Reg. Maj._

    O. Fr. _anable_, habile, capable, convenable, from L. B.
_inhabil-is_, valde habilis; Gl. Roquefort.


ANEDING, _s._ Breathing.

V. ~Aynd~, _v._

  _Barbour._


ANEFALD, _adj._ Honest, acting a faithful part, the same with ~Afald~.

  _Douglas._


ANELIE, _adv._ Only.

  _R. Bruce._


ANELYD, _part. pa._ Aspired; literally, panted for.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _anhel-er_, to aspire after; Lat. _anhel-are_, L. B. _anel-are_.


ANENS, ANENST, ANENT, ANENTIS, _prep._

1. Over against, opposite to, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Concerning, about, in relation to; still used by old people, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Gr. αναντι, oppositum; A. S. _ongean_, ex adverso.


_To_ ANERD, ANNERE.

V. ~Anherd~.


ANERLY, ANYRLY, _adv._ Only, alone, singly. Hence _allanerly_.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _anre_, tantum; Germ. _einer_, solus, from _an_ and _ein_,
unus.


ANERLY, ANERLIE, _adj._ Single, solitary; only.

  _G. Buchanan._


ANETH, _prep._ Beneath, S.

  _Bord. Minstrelsy._

    A. S. _on_ in, and _neothan_, deorsum; Isl. _nedan_, Belg. _neden_.
Su. G. _ned_. id.


ANEUCH, _adv._ (gutt.) Enough, S.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _genog_, _genoh_, satis, deduced by H. Tooke from _genog-an_,
multiplicare; perhaps rather from Moes. G. _janoh_ multi, many.


ANEWIS, _s. pl._ "Budding flowers," Tytler.

  _King's Quair._

    Perhaps rings, from Fr. _anneau_, annulus.


ANGELL-HEDE, _s._ The hooked or barbed head of an arrow.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. Dan. Germ. _angel_, a hook, an angle; Teut. _anghel_, a sting,
O. Teut. _anghel-en_, to sting.


ANGIR, _s._ Grief, vexation.

  _Wyntown._

    Gr. ἀγγρις, grief; Isl. _angr_, dolor, moeror; Su. G.  Isl. _angra_,
dolore afficere, deduced by Ihre from _aung-a_ premere, arctare.


_To_ ANHERD, ANERD, ANNERE, ENHERDE, _v. n._ To consent, to adhere.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _anhraed_, _anraed_, signifies constans, concors, unanimis;
apparently from _an_ one, and _raed_ counsel.  But I find O. Fr.
_enherdance_ rendered by Roquefort, adherence, attachment.  Lat.
_inhaerere_, to cleave, or stick fast in, or to, is therefore the more
probable origin.


ANIEST, _adv._ or _prep._ On this side of, Ayrs.; q. "on the nearest
side." This is opposed to _Adist_, _adiest_, on that side.

    A. S. on _neawiste_, in vicinia, prope ad; or _on_ and _neahst_
proximus, from _neah_ near, E. _nigh_.


ANYD, _pret._ Agreed.

V. ~Ane~, _v._


ANYNG, _s._ Agreement, concord.

  _Wyntown._


ANIS, ANYS, AINS, _adv._ Once; pron. as _ainze_, or _yince_, S. _eenze_,
S. B.

  _Douglas._

    The genit. of A. S. _an_, unus, one, _anes_ unius, also rendered
semel, q. actio unius temporis.


ANIS, ANNIS, _s. pl._

1. Asses.

  _Chron. S. P._

2. Metaphor used for foolish fellows.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Fr. _asne_, Lat. _asinus_; Su. G. _asna_, Isl. _esne_.


ANYS, the genitive of _Ane_, one.

V. ~Anis~.


ANKER-SAIDELL, HANKERSAIDLE, _s._ A hermit, an anchorite.

  _Philotus._

    A. S. _ancer-setle_, an anchorite's cell or seat, a hermitage; from
_ancer_, a hermit, Lat. _anachoreta_, Gr. αναχωρητης.


ANKERSTOCK, _s._ A large loaf, of an oblong form. The name is extended
to a wheaten loaf, but properly belongs to one made of rye, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Q. an _anchorite's_ stock, or supply; or from some fancied
resemblance to the _stock_ of an _anchor_.


ANLAS, _s._ Properly "a kind of knife or dagger usually worn at the
girdle," as the term occurs in Chaucer; but used to denote a pike fixed
in the cheveron of a horse.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Franc. _anelaz_, _analeze_, adlaterale telum, from _lez_ latus, the
side; C. B. _anglas_, a dagger; L. B. _anelac-ius_, id.


ANN, _s._ A half-year's salary legally due to the heirs of a minister,
in addition to what was due expressly according to the period of his
incumbency, S.

  _Acts Cha. II._

    Fr. _annate_, L. B. _annata_.


ANMAILLE, _s._ Enamel.

V. ~Amaille~.


_To_ ANORNE, _v. a._ To adorn.

  _Douglas._

    L. B. _inorn-are_, Tertullian.


ANSE, ANZE, ENSE, _conj._ Else, otherwise, Ang.

    Allied perhaps to Su. G. _annars_ alias.


_To_ ANTER, _v. n._

1. To adventure, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. To chance, to happen, S. B.

  _Journ. Lond._

3. In the form of a participle, as signifying occasional, single, rare.
An _antrin ane_, one of a kind met with singly and occasionally, or
seldom, S.

  _Ferguson._

    To be viewed as the same with ~Aunter~, q. v.


ANTERCAST, _s._ A misfortune, a mischance, S. B.

  _Ross._

    _Anter_, or _aunter_, adventure, and _cast_, a chance, q. something
accidental.


ANTETEWME, _s._ "Antetune, antiphone, response," L. Hailes.

  _Bannatyne P._


ANTYCESSOR, ANTECESSOWR, ANTECESTRE, _s._ An ancestor, a predecessor.
Lat. _antecessor_.

  _Wallace._


APAYN, _part. pa._ Provided, furnished.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _appan-é_, having received a portion, _appan-er_ to give a
portion, L. B. _apan-are_, id. from _pain_, Lat. _pan-is_, as originally
denoting the supply of bread and other necessaries of life.


APAYN, _adv._

1. Reluctantly, unwillingly; sometimes written distinctly, _a payn_.

  _Barbour._

2. Hardly, scarcely.

  _Wallace._

3. It seems improperly used for _in case_.

  _Wallace._

4. Under pain, at the risk of. In editions, _on payn_.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _à peine_, "scarcely, hardly, not without much ado," Cotgr.


A PER SE, "An extraordinary or incomparable person; like the letter _A
by itself_, which has the first place in the alphabet of almost all
languages;" Rudd. Chaucer id.

  _Douglas._


APERSMAR, APIRSMART, _adj._ Crabbed, ill-humoured; _snell_, _calschie_,
S. synon.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _afor_, _afre_, Isl. _apur_, _asper_, (as _apurkylde_, acre
frigus); and A. S. _smeorte_, Su. G. _smarta_, pain.  Haldorson remarks,
that the Isl. term is also applied to one of austere manners.


APERT, _adj._ Brisk, bold, free.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _appert_, expert, prompt; Lat. _apparat-us_, prepared.


APERT. _In apert_, _adv._ Evidently, openly.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _apert_, _appert_, open, evident; from _appar-oir_, Lat.
_appar-ere_, to appear.


APERTLY, _adv._ Briskly, readily.

V. ~Apert~, _adj._

  _Barbour._


APIEST, APIECE, _conj._ Although.

V. ~Allpuist~.


APILL RENYEIS, _s. pl._ A string, or necklace of beads; q. a _rein_ or
bridle of beads, formed like _apples_.

  _Dunbar._


APLIGHT, _adv._ Completely; O. E. _apliht_.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _on_ and _pliht_ periculum, _pliht-an_ periculo objicere se.


APON, APOUN, _prep._ Upon, S.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _ufa_, Su. G. _uppa_, insuper, and _on_.


APORT, APORTE, _s._ Deportment, carriage.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _apport_, from _apport-er_, to carry; Lat. _ad_ and _port-are_.


_To_ APPAIR, _v. a._ To injure, to impair, O. E. _apeir_.

  _Detect. Q. Mary._

    Fr. _emper-er_, id.

V. ~Pare~, _v._


APPARELLE, APPARYLE, APPARAILL, _s._ Equipage, furniture for warfare,
preparations for a siege, whether for attack or defence; ammunition.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _appareil_, provision, furniture, preparations for war.


APPIN, _adj._ Open, S.

  _Complaynt S._

    Dan. _aaben_ apertus; Isl. _opna_ foramen.  Wachter derives Germ.
_offen_, apertus, from _auf_ up.


APPLERINGIE, _s._ Southernwood, S. Artemisia abrotanum, Linn.

    Fr. _apilé_ strong, and _auronne_ southernwood, from Lat.
_abrotanum_, id.


_To_ APLEIS, APPLESS, _v. a._ To satisfy, to content, to please.

  _Wallace._

    Apparently from an obsolete Fr. v. of the form of _applaire_.


APPLY, _s._ Plight, condition.

  _Sir Egeir._

    Fr. _pli_ state, habit.


_To_ APPORT, _v. a._ To bring, to conduce.

    Fr. _apport-er_, id.

  _R. Bruce._


_To_ APPREUE, APPRIEVE, _v. a._ To approve.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _approuver_, Lat. _approbare_.


AR, ARE, _adv._ Formerly; also, early.

V. ~Air~.


_To_ AR, ARE, ERE, _v. a._ To plough, to till, S. _to ear_, E.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _ar-ian_, Su. G. _aer-ia_.  Isl. _er-ia_, A. S. _er-ian_,
Alem. _err-en_, Germ. _er-en_, Gr. αρ-ειν, Lat. _ar-are_.  Ihre views
Heb. ץאר _ar-etz_, earth, as the fountain.


ARAGE, ARRAGE, ARYAGE, AUARAGE, AVERAGE, _s._ Servitude due by tenants,
in men and horses, to their landlords. This custom is not entirely
abolished in some parts of Scotland. "_Arage_ and carriage" is a phrase
still commonly used in leases.

  _Skene._

    L. B. _averag-ium_, from _aver-ia_, a beast for work; and this
perhaps from Fr. _ouvre_ work.


_To_ ARAS, ARRACE, _v. a._

1. To snatch or pluck away by force.

  _Wyntown._

2. To raise up.

  _Douglas._

    This sense is so different from the former, that it might rather
seem to be put for _arraise_, q. to raise up.

    Fr. _arrach-er_, to tear, to pull by violence; to pull up by the
roots, from Lat. _eradic-are_.


ARBY, _s._ The sea-gilliflower, Orkn.

  _Neill._


ARBY-ROOT, _s._ The root of the sea-pink, or Statice armeria, Orkn.


ARCH, ARGH, AIRGH, ERGH, (gutt.) _adj._

1. Averse, reluctant; often including the idea of timidity as the cause
of reluctance, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Apprehensive, filled with anxiety, S. Chaucer, _erke_, weary,
indolent.

  _Popul. Ball._

    A. S. _earg_, desidiosus, iners, slothful, sluggish, _earh_ fugax,
"timorous, and ready to run away for fear," Somn. Isl. _arg-ur_,
reformidans; _arg-r_ piger, deses; Su. G. _arg_, ignavus.  Among the
Goths _argur_, L. B. _arga_, denoted a poltroon, a coward.


_To_ ARCH, ARGH, _v. n._ To hesitate, to be reluctant.

V. ~Ergh~, _v._


ARCHNES, ARGHNESS, _s._

1. Reluctance, backwardness.

  _Wodrow._

2. Obliquely used for niggardliness, q. reluctance to part with any
thing.

  _Legend Bp. St Androis._


_To_ AREIK, ARREIK, _v. a._ To reach, to extend.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _arecc-an_, assequi, to get, to attain.


AREIR, _adv._ Back. _To rin areir_, to decline.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _arriere_ backward; Lat. _a retro_.


ARESOUND, _pret._ Perhaps, called in question; Fr. _aresoner_,
interroger, questionner, demander; _ratiocinari_; Gl. Roquefort.
_Areson_ is used by R. Brunne in the sense of persuade, or reason with.

  _Sir Tristrem._


ARETTYT, _part. pa._ Accused, brought into judgment.

  _Barbour._

    L. B. _rect-are_, _ret-are_, _arett-are_, accusare, in jus vocare,
Du Cange.


ARGENT CONTENT, Ready money. Fr. _argent comptant_, id.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ ARGH, _v. n._ To hesitate.

V. ~Arch~, and ~Ergh~, _v._


ARGIE, _s._ Assertion in a dispute, the specific plea which one uses in
disputation, S. B.

    Su. G. _ierga_, semper eadem obgannire; Isl. _iarg-r_, keen
contention.


_To_ ARGLE-BARGLE, AURGLE-BARGIN, _v. n._ To contend, to bandy backwards
and forwards, S. _Argle-bargin_, Loth. _Eaggle-bargin_, synon.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _arg_ enraged, _jarg-a_ to contend.


_To_ ARGONE, ARGOWNE, ARGWE, ARGEW, _v. a._

1. To argue, to contend by argument.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

2. To censure, to reprehend, to chide with.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _argu-er_, Lat. _argu-ere_.


ARGUESYN, _s._ The lieutenant of a galley; he who has the government
and keeping of the slaves committed to him.

  _Knox._

    Fr. _argousin_, satelles remigibus regendis et custodiendis
praepositus, Dict. Trev.


_To_ ARGUMENT, _v. a._ To prove, to shew.

  _Crosraguel._

    Lat. _argument-ari_, to reason.


ARK, _s._ A large chest, especially one used for holding corn or meal,
S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    A. S. _arce_, _erce_, a chest, a coffer; Alem. _arca_; Su. G. _ark_,
Lat. _arca_, Gael. _arc_.

Hence,

~Eel-Ark~, _s._ That kind of box which is placed in lakes, ponds, &c.,
for catching and retaining _eels_; a term common in old deeds.


ARK _of a Mill_, the place in which the centre-wheel runs, S.


ARK-BEIN, the bone called the _os pubis_, S. B.


_To_ ARLE, _v. a._

1. To give an earnest of any kind, S.

2. To give a piece of money for confirming a bargain, S.

3. To put a piece of money into the hand of a seller, at entering into a
bargain, as a security that he shall not sell to another while he
retains this money, S.

  _Skene._

    L. B. _arrh-are_, arrhis sponsam dare, Fr. _arrh-er_, _arr-er_.


ARLES, ERLIS, ARLIS, ARLIS-PENNY, AIRLE PENNY, _s._

1. An earnest of whatever kind, a pledge of full possession, S. A. Bor.

  _Wyntown._

2. A piece of money given for confirming a bargain, S. A. Bor.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

3. A piece of money put into the hands of a seller when one begins to
cheapen any commodity; as a pledge that the seller shall not strike a
bargain, or even enter into terms with another while he retains the
_arles_, S.

    Lat. _arrhabo_, _arrha_, Gael. _iarlus_, id.


ARLICH, ARLITCH, _adj._ Sore, fretted, painful, S. B.

V. ~Arr~.

    Su. G. _arg_ iratus, _arg-a laedere_, Dan. _arrig_, troublesome; as
we say, "an angry sore;" or from Su. G. _aerr_ cicatrix, whence _aerrig_
vulneratus.


ARLY, _adv._ Early.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _arlice_, matutinè.


ARMYN, ARMYNG. _s._ Armour, arms.

  _Wyntown._


ARN, _s._ The alder; a tree, S. pronounced in some counties q. _arin_.

    C. B. _uern_, Arm. _vern_, _guern_, Gael. _fearn_, alnus.


ARN, _v. subst._ Are, the third pers. plural; Chaucer _arn_.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _aron_, sunt.


ARNS, _s. pl._ The beards of corn, S. B. synon. _awns_.

    Franc. _arn_ spica.


ARNUT, LOUSY ARNOT, _s._ Tall oat-grass or pignut; Bunium bulbocastanum,
or flexuosum, Linn. S.

  _Yurnut._

A. Bor.

  _Lightfoot._

    Corr. from _earth-nut_.


ARR, _s._ A scar, S. A. Bor. _Pock-arrs_, the marks left by the
small-pox, S. Lancash.

    Su. G. _aerr_, Isl. _aer_, cicatrix.


ARRED, _part. adj._ Scarred, having the marks of a wound or sore.

Hence, _Pock arred_, marked by the small-pox, S.

    Dan. _arred_ cicatrised; Isl. _aerra_ cicatrices facere.


_To_ ARRACE.

V. ~Aras~.


ARRONDELL, _s._ The swallow, a bird.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _arondelle_, _hirondelle_, from Lat. _hirundo_, id.


ARSECOCKLE, _s._ A hot pimple on the face or any part of the body, S. B.
The term seems originally to have been confined to pimples on the hips;
synon. with Teut. _aers bleyne_, tuberculus in ano.


ARSEENE, _s._ The quail.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _aerschen_, coturnix, also _erschenn_, from _ersc_ and _henn_,
q. gallina vivarii.


ARSELINS, _adv._ Backwards, Clydes. S. B.

  _Ross._

    Belg. _aersel-en_, to go backwards; _aerseling_ receding;
_aerselincks_, retro.


ARSOUN, _s._ Buttocks.

  _Barbour._


ART, ARD.

This termination of many words, denoting a particular habit
or affection, is analogous to Isl. and Germ. _art_, Belg. _aart_,
nature, disposition; as E. _drunkard_, _bastard_; Fr. _babillard_, a
stutterer; S. _bombard_, _bumbart_, a drone, _stunkart_, of a stubborn
disposition; _hastard_, hasty, passionate.


ART _and_ PART, Accessory to, or abetting, a forensic phrase, S. used in
a bad sense. _Art_ denotes the instigation or advice, _Part_ the share
that one has in the commission of a crime.

  _Erskine._

    The terms are frequently used in the way of discrimination, "Art
_or_ part."

  _Wyntown._

    Borrowed from the Lat. phrase, _Artem_ et _partem_ habuit.


ARTAILYE, _s._ Artillery; applied to offensive weapons of what kind
soever, before the introduction of fire arms.

V. ~Artillied~.

  _Wallace._


ARTATION, _s._ Excitement, instigation.

  _Bellenden._

    L. B. _artatio_, from _arto_ for _arcto_, _arc_, to constrain.


ARTILLIED, _part. pa._ Provided with artillery.

  _Pitscottie._

    Fr. _artill-er_, to furnish with ordinance.


ARTHURY'S HUFE, the name given to the constellation Arcturus.

  _Douglas._

V. ~Hoif~.


ARTOW, Art thou? used interrogatively, S. the verb and pronoun being
often, in colloquial language, conjoined in Scottish, as in Germ. and
Isl.

    Isl. _ertu_, id.

  _King's Quair._

_Ertow_, id.

  _Ywaine and Gawin._


AS, _conj._ Than, S. synon. with _nor_.

  _Kelly._


AS, ASS, ASSE, ALSE, _s._ Ashes; plur. _assis_, S. _ass_ and _aiss_; A.
Bor. _ass_, Cumberl. _esse_, id.

  _Dunbar._

    Moes. G. _asja_, Alem. _asca_, Germ. and Belg. _asche_, Su. G. and
Isl. _aska_, cinis.


ASSHOLE, _s._ The place for receiving the ashes under the grate; S.
Lancash. _esshole_, _ashole_, id.

V. Preceding word.


ASCHET, _s._ A large flat plate on which meat is brought to the table,
S.

    Fr. _assiette_, "a trencher-plate," Cotgr.


ASYNIS, _s. pl._ Asses.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _asne_, Lat. _asin-us_.


ASK, AWSK, _s._ An eft, a newt; a kind of lizard, S.; _asker_, A. Bor.

  _Wyntown._

    Germ. _eidechs_, _eidex_; Franc. _edehsa_; A. S. _athexe_; Belg.
_egdisse_, _haagdisse_, id.  Wachter deduces the Germ. word from _ey_,
_eg_, ovum, and _tyg-en_ gignere, q. "produced from an egg."


ASKLENT, ASCLENT, ASKLINT, _adv._ Obliquely, asquint, on one side, S.
_Aslant_, E.

  _R. Bruce._

    Swed. _slant_, obliquus, from _slind_ latus.


ASPECT, _s._ The serpent called the asp, or aspik, Fr. _aspic_.

  _Burel._


ASPERANS, _adj._ Lofty, elevated, pompous; applied to diction.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _aspirant_, Lat. _aspirans_, aspiring.


ASPERT, _adj._ Harsh, cruel.

  _King's Quair._

    Fr. _aspre_, Lat. _asper_.


ASPYNE, _s._ From the connexion, apparently meant to denote a boat.

  _Barbour._

    Swed. _esping_, a long boat, Teut. _hespinghe_, _espinck_, cymba, a
small boat.


ASPRE, _adj._ Sharp.

V. ~Aspert~.

  _Wallace._


ASPRESPER, _s._ Perhaps q. "sharp spear;" like _aspre_ bow, also used by
_Blind Harry_.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _asper_, dur, rude, bâton noueux; Gl. Roquefort.


ASPRIANCE, _s._

V. ~Asperans~.


_To_ ASS, _v. a._ To ask.

  _Henrysone._

    Germ. _eisch-en_, Fran. _eiscon_, interrogare.


ASS, _s._ Ashes.

V. ~As~.


_To_ ASSAILYIE, _v. a._ To attack, to assail.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _assaill-ir_; L. B. _adsal-ire_, _assal-ire_, invadere, aggredi.


ASSAYIS, _s._ Assize, convention.

  _Wyntown._

ASSEDATION, _s._

1. A lease; a term still commonly used in our legal deeds, S.

  _Balfour._

2. The act of letting in lease.

    L. B. _assedatio_.

  _Chalmerl. Air._


_To_ ASSEGE, _v. a._ To besiege.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _assieg-er_, L. B. _assidiare_, obsidere; from Lat. _ad_, and
_sedeo_.


_To_ ASSEMBLE, _v. n._ To join in battle.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _assembl-er_, from Su. G. _saml-a_, Germ. _saml-en_, Belg.
_zamel-en_, congregare; from Su. G. and Germ. _sam_, a prefix denoting
association and conjunction.


ASSEMBLÉ, _s._ Engagement, battle.

  _Wyntown._


ASSENYHE, _s._ The word of war.

    Corr. from ~Ensenyie~, q. v.

  _Barbour._


ASSILAG, _s._ The stormy petrel, a bird; Procellaria pelagica, Linn.

  _Martin._

    Perhaps from Gael. _eascal_, Ir. _eashal_, a storm.


ASSILTRIE, _s._ An axle-tree.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _asseul_, Ital. _assile_, axis.


_To_ ASSYTH, ASSYITH, SYITH, SITHE, _v. a._ To make a composition to
another, to satisfy, Old E. _asseeth_, _asseth_, id.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Lat. _ad_ and A. S. _sithe_, vice; Skinner.  Rather from Su. G. and
Isl. _saett-a_ conciliare; reconciliare.  Ir. and Gael. _sioth-am_, to
make atonement.


ASSYTH, ASSYTHMENT, SYTH, SITHEMENT, _s._ Compensation, satisfaction,
atonement for an offence. _Assythment_ is still used as a forensic term.
S. O. E. _aseeth_, Wiclif.

  _Wyntown._

    This word is still in use in our courts of law, as denoting
satisfaction for an injury done to any party.

    Su. G. _saett_, reconciliation, or the fine paid in order to procure
it.


_To_ ASSOILYIE, _v. a._

1. To acquit, to free from a charge or prosecution; a forensic term much
used in our courts, S.

  _Reg. Maj._

2. To absolve from an ecclesiastical censure; as from excommunication.

  _Bellenden._

    Old E. _assoil_, _asoilen_, and _asoul_, denote the absolution by a
priest; P. Ploughman.

3. To pronounce absolution from sin, in consequence of confession.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

4. To absolve from guilt one departed, by saying masses for the soul;
according to the faith of the Romish church.

  _Barbour._

5. Used improperly, in relation to the response of an oracle; apparently
in the sense of _resolving_ what is doubtful.

  _Douglas._

6. Also used improperly, as signifying to unriddle.

  _Z. Boyd._

    O. Fr. _assoilé_, _absoillé_, dechargé, absous, despensé; Gl.
Roquefort; corr. from Lat. _absolv-ere_.


_To_ ASSONYIE, ESSONYIE, _v. a._

1. To offer an excuse for absence from a court of law.

  _Stat. K. Will._

2. Actually to excuse; the excuse offered being sustained.

  _Quon. Attach._

3. To decline the combat, to shrink from an adversary.

  _Wallace._

    O. E. _asoyned_, excused; R. Glouc. _Essoine_, a legal excuse,
Chaucer.

V. ~Essonyie~, _s._

    Fr. _essoyner_, _exon-ier_, to excuse from appearing in court, or
going to the wars.  Su. G. _son-a_, Germ. _sun-en_, to reconcile, to
explain; Moes. G. _sunj-an_, to justify.


ASSURANCE, _s._ To take _assurance_ of an enemy; to submit, to do
homage, under the condition of protection.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _donner assurement_, fidem dare; L. B. _assecur-are_, from Lat.
_ad_ and _secur-us_.


ASTALIT, _part. pa._ Decked or set out.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Fr. _estail-er_, to display, to shew.


_To_ ASTART, ASTERT, _v. n._

1. To start, to fly hastily.

  _King's Quair._

2. To start aside from, to avoid.

  _King's Quair._

    Teut. _steert-en_, to fly; Germ, _starz-en_, to start up.


ASTEER, _adv._ In confusion, in a bustling state; S. q. _on stir_.

  _Ritson._


ASTRE, _s._ A star; Fr.

  _Chron. S. Poet._


AT, _conj._ That; O. E. id. Gower.

  _Barbour._

    Dan. and Swed. _at_, quod; Su. G. _att_, a conjunction corresponding
to Lat. _ut_.


AT, _pron._ That, which.

  _Wyntown._


AT ALL, _adv._ "Altogether," Rudd.; perhaps, at best, at any rate.

  _Douglas._


ATANIS, ATTANIS, ATANYS, ATONIS, _adv._ At once; S. at _ainze_.

V. ~Anis~, ~Anys~.

  _Gawan and Gol._


ATCHESON, ATCHISON, _s._ A billon coin, or rather copper washed with
silver, struck in the reign of James VI., of the value of eight pennies
Scots, or two-thirds of an English penny.

  _Ruddiman._

    From the name of the assay-master of the mint.


ATHARIST, Houlate III. 10.

V. ~Citharist~.


ATHE, AITH, AYTHE, _s._ An oath; plur. _athis_.

  _Barbour._

    Moes. G. _aith_, A. S. _ath_, Precop. _eth_, Isl. _aed_, Su. G.
_ed_, Dan. and Belg. _eed_, Alem. and Germ. _eid_, juramentum.


ATHER, _conj._ Either.

V. ~Athir~.

  _R. Bruce._


ATHIL, ATHILL, HATHILL, _adv._ Noble, illustrious.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _aethel_, nobilis; whence _Aetheling_, _Atheling_, a youth of
the blood royal; Su. G. _adel_, id.; _adling_, juvenis nobilis; deduced
from ancient Gothic _aelt_, kindred.  C. B. _eddyl_ is also equivalent
to Lat. gens, cognatio.


ATHIL, HATHEL, _s._ A noble prince, a man, an illustrious personage;
plur. _athilles_, (erroneously _achilles_,) _hatheles_.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._


ATHIR, ATHYR, _pron._

1. Either, whichsoever.

  _Wyntown._

2. Mutual, reciprocal.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _aegther_, uterque.

V. ~Either~.


ATHORT, _prep._ Through, S.; _athwart_, E.

V. ~Thortour~.

  _Baillie._


ATHORT, _adv._ Abroad, far and wide.

  _Baillie._


ATIR, EATIR, _s._ Gore, blood mixed with matter.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ater_, _aetter_, _aettor_; Alem. _eitir_, Isl. and Germ.
_eiter_, Su. G. _etter_, venenum; from Alem. _eit-en_, to burn.


ATO, _adv._ In twain.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _on twa_, in duo.


ATOUR, _s._ Warlike preparation.

    Fr. _atour_, attire.

  _Barbour._


ATOUR, ATTOURE, _prep._

1. Over, S.

  _Wallace._

2. Across, S.

  _Wallace._

3. Beyond, as to time; exceeding.

  _Quon. Att._

4. Exceeding in number.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _a tour_, _en tour_, _au tour_, circum; or Su. G. _at_, denoting
motion towards a place, and _oefwer_, over.


ATOUR, ATTOUR, _adv._

1. Moreover, _By and attour_, id. Laws, S.

  _Pitscottie._

2. Out from, or at an indefinite distance from the person speaking, or
the object spoken of.

  _Douglas._

_To stand attour_, to keep off; _to go attour_, to remove to some
distance, S. _By and attour_, _prep_. Besides, over and above, S.

  _Spalding._


ATRY, ATTRIE, _adj._

1. Purulent, containing matter; applied to a sore that is cankered, S.

  _R. Bruce._

2. Stern, grim, S. B.; _attern_, fierce, cruel, snarling; Gloucest.

V. ~Atir~, ~Eatir~.

  _Ross._

    Belg. _etterig_, full of matter; _eiter-en_, to suppurate.


ATRYS, _s. pl._ Perhaps from Fr. _atour_, a French hood.

  _Watson's Coll._


ATRYST, _s._ Appointment, assignation,

V. ~Tryst~.

  _Dunbar._


ATTAMIE, A skeleton, S.

    Abbreviated from Fr. _anatomie_.


ATTEILLE, ATTEAL, ATTILE, _s._ Apparently the wigeon; being
distinguished from the _teal_.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Isl. _tialld-r_, turdus marinus.


ATTELED, _part. pa._ Aimed.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

V. ~Ettle~


ATTEMPTAT, _s._ A wicked or injurious enterprise.

  _Bellenden._

    L. B. _attemptat-io_, nefaria molitio, scelus, Gall. _attentat_; Du
Cange.


ATTER-CAP, ATTIR-COP, _s._

1. A spider, S. _Attercop_, _attercob_, id. A. Bor.

  _Montgomery._

2. An ill-natured person; one of a virulent or malignant disposition, S.

    A. S. _atter-coppe_, _atter-coppa_, aranea, from _atter_ venenum,
and _coppe_ calix, q. "a _cup_ full of _venom_;" like Isl. _eitrorm_ a
serpent, i. e. "a poisonous worm."


ATTOUR, _prep._

V. ~Atour~.


ATWEESH, _prep._ Between.

  _Shirrefs._

    Franc. _tuisc_, _entuishan_, Belg. _tuschen_, inter.


AVA', _adv._ At all, S.

  _Ross._

    Corr. from _af_ or _of_, and _all_.


AVAILL, _s._ Abasement, humiliation.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _aval-er_, _avall-er_, to fall down; _aval_, en descendant, au
bas, en bas; _ad vall-em_; Gl. Roquefort.


_To_ AUALE, _v. n._ To descend.

V. ~Availl~.

  _Douglas._


AUANT, AWANT, _s._ Boast, vaunt; Chaucer, id.

  _Douglas._


AVANTCURRIER, _s._ One of the fore-runners of an army, the same perhaps
that are now called picquet-guards.

  _Godscroft._

    Fr. _avantcoureur_, from _avant_ before, and _courir_ to run.


AUCHINDORAS, _s._ A large thorn-tree at the end of a house; Fife.


AUCHLIT, _s._ Two stones weight, or a peck measure, being half of the
Kirkcudbright bushel; Galloway.


AUCHT, AWCHT, (gutt.) _pret._ of Aw.

1. Possessed. _Auht_, id. R. Brunne.

  _Wyntown._

2. Owed, was indebted, id. R. Brunne.

  _Wyntown._


AUCHT, (gutt.) _v. imp._ Ought, should.

  _Douglas._

_Auchten_ occurs in the same sense.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _aht-on_, the third pers. plur. pret. of A. S. _ag-an_,
possidere.


AUCHT, _s._ Possession, property; what is exclusively one's own. _In aw
my aucht_, in my possession, viewed at its utmost extent, S.

V. ~Best Aucht~.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    A. S. _aht_; Moes. G. _aigin_, _aihn_, peculiaris ac propria
possessio.


AUCHT, (gutt.) _adj._ Eight, S. _auhte_, O. E. id. R. Brunne.

  _Wyntown._

    Moes. G. _aht-au_, A. S. _eaht-a_, Germ. _aht_, Belg. _acht_, Isl.
and Su. G. _att-a_, Gael. _ocht_, Lat. _oct-o_.


AUCHTAND, AUCHTEN, _adj._ The eighth. Isl. _aatunde_, octavus.

  _Douglas._


AVENAND, _adj._ Elegant in person and manners.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Fr. _advenant_, _avenant_, handsome; also, courteous.


AVENTURE, _In aventure_, _adv._ Lest, perchance.

V. ~Aunter~.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _à l'aventure_, id.


AVER, AVIR, AIVER, _s._

1. A horse used for labour, a cart-horse, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. An old horse, one that is worn out with labour, S.

  _Dunbar._

3. A gelded goat, S.

V. ~Hebrun~.

  _Statist. Acc._

    L. B. _afferi_, _affri_, jumenta vel cavalli colonici; _averia_,
_averii_, equi, boves, jumenta; Du Cange.

V. ~Arage~.


AVERIL, _s._ Apparently a diminutive from _aver_, a beast for labour.

  _Dunbar._


AVERILE, AVYRYLE, _s._ April.

  _Wyntown._


AVERIN, AVEREN, AIVERIN, _s._ Cloudberry or knoutberry, S. Rubus
chamaemorus, Linn.; eaten as a dessert in the north of S.

  _Ross._

    Perhaps from Germ. _aver_ wild, and _en_, a term now applied in Su.
G. to the berry of the juniper; Gael. _oidh' rac_, _oirak_.


AVIL, _s._ The second crop after lea or grass; Galloway.

V. ~Awat~.


AVILLOUS, _adj._ Contemptible, debased.

  _Chron. Scot. P._

    Fr. _avili_, _ie_, in contemptionem adductus; Dict. Trev.


AUISE, _s._ Advice, counsel; _avis_, Chaucer; _avys_, R. Brunne.

    Fr. _avis_.

  _Douglas._


AVYSE, AWISE, _s._ Manner, fashion.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _wisa_, _wise_, Alem. _uuis_, _uuisa_, Belg. _wijse_, modus.


AVISION, _s._ Vision; Chaucer, id.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _avision_, vision, fantaisie; Gl. Roquefort.


AUKWART, AWKWART, _prep._ Athwart, across.

  _Wallace._


AULD, _s._ Age.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    A. S. _aeld_ senectus, Moes. G. _alds_ aetas.

V. ~Eild~.


AULDFARREN, _adj._ Sagacious, S.; _audfarand_, id. A. Bor.

  _Ramsay._

    Moes. G. _ald_ old, and Swed. _far-a_, Germ. _far-en_, experiri;
Swed. _faren_, Isl. _farinn_, peritus; Belg. _aervaaren_, skilful.


AULD-MOU'D, _adj._ Sagacious in discourse; sometimes implying the idea
of craft, S. B.

  _Ross._

    From _auld_ old, and _mou'_ or _mow_, the mouth.


AULD-FATHER, _s._ A grandfather; a term used by some in the west of S.

    A. S. _eald-faeder_, Belg. _oud-vader_, avus.


AULD-WARLD, _adj._ Antique, antiquated, S.

  _Ferguson._

    From _auld_ old, and _warld_ world.


AULIN. _Scouti-aulin_, _Dirty Aulin_, the arctic gull, Orkn. Loth.

  _Pennant._

V. ~Scouti-Aulin~, and ~Skaitbird~.


AULTRAGES, AULTERAGES, _s. pl._ The emoluments arising from the
offerings made at an altar, or from the rents appointed for the support
of it.

  _Spotswood._

    L. B. _altarag-ium_, _alterag-ium_, obventio altaris; Du Cange.


AUMERS, _s. pl._ Embers.

V. ~Ameris~.


_To_ AUNTER, AWNTYR, _v. a._ To hazard, to put into the power of
accident.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _aventur-er_, risquer, mettre au hazard; Dict. Trev.

_Aunter_ is used by Chaucer and Gower in a neuter sense.

V. ~Anter~, _v._


AUNTER, _s._ Adventure; O. E. _antre_, R. Brunne.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    Fr. _aventure_, _auenture_, abbreviated.


AUNTEROUS, _adj._ Adventurous.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    O. Fr. _aventureux_, hasardé; L. B. _adventor-ius_; Gl. Roquefort.


_To_ AVOKE, _v. a._ To call away, to keep off.

    Lat. _avoc-are_.

  _Baillie._


AVOUTERIE, ADVOUTERIE, _s._ Adultery.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    O. Fr. _avoutrie_; Ital. _avolteria_; Lat. _adulter-ium_; Teut.
_vouter-en_, fornicare, camerare.


AVOW, AVOWE, _s._

1. A vow; used in the same sense by Chaucer.

  _Douglas._

2. Discovery, declaration; in modern language, avowal.

  _Minstrelsy Bord._

    Fr. _avou-er_, to confess.


AUSTIE, _adj._ Austere, harsh.

  _Henrysone._

    A. S. _ostige_, knotty, from _ost_, Teut. _oest_, a knot, properly
in wood.


_To_ AW, AWE, _v. a._ To owe, S.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _aa_, _atte_, debeo, debuit; A. S. _ag_, _ahte_; Su. G. _a_;
Moes. G. _aih_, habeo, imperf. _aiht-a_.

V. ~Aigh~, ~Aucht~.


AW, sometimes to be viewed as the third pers. sing. of the _v._;
signifying owed, ought.

  _Wallace._


_To_ AUCHT, AWCHT, AUGHT, _v. a._ To owe.

V. ~Aw~.

  _Peblis to the Play._


AW, used for ~All~, S.

  _Bannatyne P._

_Wyth aw_, withal.

  _Douglas._


AWA, _adv._ Away; the general pronunciation in S.

  _Douglas._


_To_ AWAIL, AWAL, _v. a._

1. To let fall.

  _Barbour._

2. To descend; used in a neuter sense.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _aval-er_, to go, or fall, down; also, to let fall; Teut.
_af-vall-en_, decidere; _af-val_, casus; Su. G. _afal_, _affal_, lapsus.


_To_ AWAILL, AWAILYE, _v. n._ To avail.

  _Barbour._


AWAY. This word seems to have been used occasionally as a verb.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _aweg_, away, may be viewed as the imperat. of _awaeg-an_, to
take away, or _awegg-an_, to depart.


AWAYMENTIS, _s. pl._ Consultations; Gl. Perhaps preparations, or
preliminaries.

  _Wyntown._

    Perhaps from O. Fr. _avoy-er_, to put in train; _avoyment_, enquêté,
ouverture; de _via_; Gl. Roquefort.


AWALT SHEEP, one that has fallen backward, or downhill, and cannot
recover itself, S.

V. ~Awail~.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ AWANCE, _v. a._ To advance.

    Fr. _avanc-er_, id.

  _Wallace._


AWAT, _s._ Ground ploughed after the first crop from lea. The crop
produced is called the _awat-crap_, also pronounced _award_; Ang.
_Avil_, Galloway, _aewall_, Clydes. id.

    A. S. _afed_, pastus, _af-at_, depastus; or Su. G. _awat_, _afat_,
deficiens; or perhaps from _af-val_, diminution, as the same with
~Awalt~, q. v.


AWAWARD, _s._ The vanguard.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _avantgarde_.


AWBYRCHOWNE, AWBERCHEOUN, _s._ The habergeon, or breastplate.

  _Wyntown._

    Franc. _halsberge_, Isl. _halsbeorg_, collare chalybeum, from _hals_
the neck, and _berga_ to defend; Fr. _haubergeon_; L. B. _halberg-ium_.


AWBLASTER, _s._

1. A crossbow-man, _alblastere_, and _arblast_, O. E.

  _Barbour._

2. The crossbow itself; Fr. _arbaleste_.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _arbelestier_, L. B. _arcubalista_, arbalista.


AWCY, _s._ Perhaps, pain, torment.

    A. S. _ace_, _aece_, dolor.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gol._


AWEDE, _adj._ In a state approaching to insanity.

   _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _awed-an_, _awoed-an_, insanire.


_To_ AWENT, _v. a._ To cool or refresh by exposing to the air.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _awynd-wian_, ventilare, from _wind_, ventus.


AWERTY, AUERTY, _adj._ Cautious, experienced; _auerty_, R. Brunne.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _averti_, warned, advertised.


AWIN, AWYN, AWNE, _adj._ Own, proper, S. _awne_; Gl. Yorks. id. This is
the common pron. of the south of S.; in other parts, _ain_.

  _Wallace._

    Moes. G. _aigin_, _aihn_, proprius, A. S. _agen_, Germ. _eighen_,
Belg. _eyghen_, Su. G. _egen_, id. from their respective verbs denoting
right or property.


AWISE, _s._ Manner, fashion.

V. ~Avyse~.


AWISE, AWYSEE, _adj._ Prudent, considerate, cautious.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _avisé_, prudens, cautus, consideratus; deduced in Dict. Trev.
from Goth. _wis-an_, A. S. _vis-an_, with _ad_ prefixed, L. B.
_avisare_.


AWISELY, _adv._ Prudently, circumspectly.

  _Barbour._


AWMON, HEWMON, _s._ A helmet.

  _Gl. Sibb._


AMOUS, _s._ A cap or cowl; a covering for the head; printed _aumons_.

  _Houlate M. S._

    L. B. _almuc-ia_, O. Fr. _aumusse_, from Germ. _mutze_, S. _mutch_.


AWNIE, _adj._ Bearded, S.

V. Next word.

  _Burns._


AWNS, _s. pl._ The beards of corn, S.  _Anes_, Prov. E.

_Bar awns_, the beards of barley, Ang.  Perths.

    Moes. G. _ahana_, Su. G. _agn_, Gr. αχνα, αχνη, chaff; Alem.
_agena_, id.; also, a shoot or stalk.


AWP, WHAUP, _s._ The curlew, a bird, S.

V. ~Quhaip~.

  _Gl. Sibb._


AWORTH, _adv._ "Worthily," Tytler.

  _King's Quair._

    A. S. _awyrth-ian_, glorificare.


AWRO, Probably _a wro_, a corner.

  _Gl. Complaynt S._

    Su. G. _wra_, pron. _wro_, angulus.


AWS, AWES, _of a mill-wheel_, _s._ The buckets or projections on the
rims which receive the shock of the water as it falls, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


AWSK, _s._ The newt or eft.

V. ~Ask~.


AWSOME, _adj._ Appaling, awful, S. B.

  _Rutherford._


AWSTRENE, _adj._ Stern, austere.

V. ~Asterne~.

  _Henrysone._

    Lat. _auster-us_, or A. S. _styrn_.


AWTAYNE, _adj._ Haughty.

  _Wyntown._

    O. Fr. _hautain_, grand, sublime, elevé, Gl. Roquefort; from Lat.
_alt-us_.


AWTER, _s._ An altar; Chaucer, id.

    O. Fr. _autiere_, Lat. _altare_.

  _Barbour._


_To_ AX, _v. a._ To ask, S. _Asched_, _axede_, asked; R. Glouc.

  _Ruddiman._

    A. S. _ahs-ian_, _ax-ian_, interrogare.


AXIS, ACKSYS, _s. pl._ Aches, pains. _Axes_, id. Orkn.

  _King's Quair._

    A. S. _aece_, dolor; _egesa_, horror; Moes. G. _agis_, terror.


AX-TREE, _s._ An axle-tree, S.

    A. S. _eax_, _ex_; Alem. _ahsa_, Germ. _achse_, axis; perhaps from
Isl. _ak-a_, to drive a chariot or dray, G. Andr.


AYONT, _prep._ Beyond, S.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _geond_ ultra, with a prefixed; or _on_, as _afield_,
originally _on field_.



B


BAACH, _a._ Ungrateful to the taste.

V. ~Bauch~.


BABIE, BAWBIE, _s._ A copper coin equal to a halfpenny English, S.

  _Knox._

    Fr. _bas-piece_, base or billon money.


BABIE-PICKLE, _s._ The small grain, which lies in the bosom of a larger
one, at the top of a stalk of oats, S.

V. ~Pickle~.


BACHLANE; To ~Bachle~.

V. ~Bauchle~.


BACK, _s._ An instrument for toasting bread above the fire, made of
pot-metal, S.

    Germ. _backen_, to bake.


BACK, _s._ A large vat used for cooling liquors, S.

    Belg. _bak_, a trough.


BACK, BACKING, _s._ A body of followers, or supporters, S.

  _Baillie._


BACK-BREAD, _s._ A kneading-trough, S.


BACK-CAST, _s._ A relapse into trouble, or that which is the occasion of
it, S.


BACK-CAW, _s._ The same as _Back-cast_, S.


BACKE, _s._ The bat.

V. ~Bak~, ~Backie-bird~.


BACKINGS, _s. pl._ Refuse of wool or flax, used for coarser stuffs, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Swed. _bakla lin_, to dress flax.


BACKLINS, _s._ Backwards; as, _To gae backlins_, to go with the face
turned opposite to the course one takes, S.

V. the termination ~Lingis~.


BACK-SEY, _s._

V. ~Sey~.


BACK-SET, _s._

1. A check, any thing that prevents growth or vegetation, S.

2. Whatsoever causes a relapse, or throws one _back_ in any course, S.

  _Wodrow._

    Eng. _back_ and _set_.


BACKSPANG, _s._ A trick, or legal quirk, by which one takes the
advantage of another, after every thing seemed to have been settled in a
bargain, S.

    _Back_ and _spang_, to spring.


_To_ BACK-SPEIR, _v. a._

1. To trace a report as far back as possible, S.

2. To cross-question; S.

    _Back_ and _speir_, to examine.

V. ~Spere~, v.


BACK-SPEIRER, BACK-SPEARER, _s._ A cross-examinator, S.

  _Cleland._


BACK-SPRENT, _s._ The back-bone, S.

    _Back_, and S. _sprent_, a spring.


BADE, _pret._ of ~Bide~, q. v.


BADE, BAID, _s._

1. Delay, tarrying.

  _Wallace._

2. Place of residence, abode.

  _Sibbald._


BADDERLOCK, BADDERLOCKS, _s._ A species of eatable fucus, S.

  _Lightfoot._


BADDOCK, _s._ Apparently the coal fish, or Gadus carbonarius, Aberd.

  _Statist. Acc._


BADDORDS, _s. pl._ Low raillery.

  _Ross._


BADLYNG, _s._ A low scoundrel.

  _Scot. Poems Reprinted._

    Franc. _baudeling_, a cottager.


BADNYSTIE, _s._ Silly stuff.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _badinage_, id.


BADOCH, _s._ A marine bird of a black colour.

  _Sibbald._


BADRANS, BATHRONS, _s._ A designation for a cat, S.

  _Henrysone._


_To_ BAE, _v. n._ To bleat, S.


BAE, _s._ The sound emitted in bleating, S.

    Fr. _bee_, id.


_To_ BAFF, _v. a._ To beat. S.

V. ~Beff~.


BAFF, BEFF, _s._ A stroke, a blow, S.


BAGENIN, _s._ Indelicate toying, Fife.


BAGATY, BAGGETY, _s._ The female of the lump, or sea-owl, a fish, S.

  _Sibbald._


BAG-RAPE, _s._ A rope of straw, used in fastening the thatch of a roof,
Ang.


BAGREL, _s._ A child, Dumfr.

    Su. G. _bagge_, puer.


BAY, _s._ The sound caused by the notes of birds.

  _Douglas._


BAICH, BAICHIE, _s._ A child, Perths. C. B. _bachgen_, Teut. _bagh_,
puer.

  _Polwart._


_To_ BAICHIE, _v. n._ To cough, S. B.


BAIKIE, BAKIE, _s._ The stake to which an ox or cow is bound in the
stall, Ang.

    Sw. _paak_, a stake.

  _S. Prov._


BAIKIE, BACKET, _s._ A square wooden vessel, for carrying coals to the
fire, S.


BAIL, BAILE, BAYLE, BALL, BELE, BELLE, _s._

1. A flame, or blaze of what kind soever.

  _Barbour._

2. A bonfire.

   _Sir Gawan._

3. A fire kindled as a signal.

  _Douglas._

4. Metaph. the flame of love.

  _Henrysone._

    A. S. _bael_, Su. G. _baal_, a funeral pile, Isl. _baal_, a strong
fire.


BAYLE-FYRE, _s._ A bonfire.

    A. S. _bael-fyr_, the fire of a funeral pile.


BAILCH, _s._ A very lusty person, S. B.

V. _Belch_.

  _Ross._


BAILLE, _s._ A mistress.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _belle_, id.


BAILLIE, BAILIE, _s._

1. A magistrate second in rank, in a royal borough, an alderman, S.

  _Lyndsay._

2. The baron's deputy in a burgh of barony, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Fr. _Baillie_, an officer, L. B. _baliv-us_.


BAILLIERIE, _s._

1. The extent of a bailie's jurisdiction, S.

  _Wodrow._

2. The extent of a sheriff's jurisdiction.

  _Acts Ja. I._


BAYNE, BANE, _adj._

1. Ready, prepared, S. B.

  _Wallace._

2. Alert, lively, active.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _bein-a_, expedire.


BAYNLY, _adv._ Readily, cheerfully.


BAYNE, "_Forte_, a kind of fur," Rudd.

  _Douglas._


BAIR, BAR, _s._ A boar.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _bar_, Germ. _baer_, Lat. _verr-es_, id.


BAIRD, _s._ A poet or bard.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    C. B. _bardh_, Gael. Ir. _bard_.


BAIRMAN, _s._ A bankrupt.

  _Reg. Maj._

    E. _bare_, nudatus.


BAIRN, BARNE, _s._ A child, S.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _barn_, a child, from _bair-an_, ferre, gignere, A. S.
_bearn_.


BAIRNHEID, BARNEHEID, _s._

1. The state of childhood.

  _Inventories._

2. Childishness.

  _Dunbar._


BAYRNIS-BED, _s._ The matrix.

  _Complaynt S._


BAIRNLY, _adj._ Childish, S.

    Sw. _barnslig_, puerilis.


BAIRNLINESS, _s._ Childishness, S.


BAIRN-TYME, BARNE-TEME, _s._ Brood of children, S.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _bearn-team_, liberorum sobolis procreatio.


BAIRNS-PART _of_ ~Gear~, that part of a father's personal estate to
which his children are entitled to succeed, and of which he cannot
deprive them by any testament, or other gratuitous deed to take effect
after his death, S.

  _Stair._


BAIRNS-PLAY, _s._ The sport of children, S.

  _Rutherford._


BAIRNS-WOMAN, _s._ A dry nurse, S.


BAIS, _adj._ Having a deep or hoarse sound.

    Fr. _bas_, E. _base_.

  _Douglas._


BAISDLIE, _adv._ In a state of stupefaction.

V. ~Bazed~.

  _Burel._


BAISE, _s._ Haste, expedition, S. B.

    Su. G. _bas-a_, citato gradu ire.


_To_ BAISS, _v. a._ To sew slightly, S.

    Fr. _bast-ir_, E. _baste_.


_To_ BAIST, _v. a._ To overcome, S. B.

    Isl. _beyst-a_, ferire.


BAIST, _s._ One who is struck by others, especially in the sports of
children, S. B.


BAISTIN, _s._ A drubbing, S.


BAIT, _s._ A boat.

V. ~Bat~.


_To_ BAYT, _v. a._ To give food to.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _beit-a_, to drive cattle to pasture, _beit_ pasture.


_To_ BAYT, _v. n._ To feed.

  _Gl. Sibb._


BAITTLE, _adj._ Denoting that sort of pasture, where the grass is short
and close, Selkirks.

    Isl. _beitinn_, fit for pasture.


BAIVEE, _s._ A species of whiting.

  _Sibbald._


BAK, BACKE, BAKIE-BIRD, _s._ The bat or rearmouse, S.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _nattbacka_, id.


BAKE, _s._ A small cake, a biscuit, S.

  _Burns._


BAKGARD, _s._ A rear-guard.

  _Wallace._


BAKIE, _s._ The black-headed gull, Orkn.


BAKIE, _s._ The name given to one kind of peat, S.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._

    E. _bake_, to knead.


BAKIE, _s._ A stake.

V. ~Baikie~.


BAKIN-LOTCH, _s._ A species of bread.

  _Evergreen._


BAKSTER, BAXSTER, _s._ A baker, S.

  _Burrow Lawes._

    A. S. _baecestre_, a woman-baker.


BAL, BALL, the initial syllable of a great many names of places in
Scotland.

    Ir. Gael. _baile_, _ball_, a place or town; Su. G. Isl. _bol_, id.
domicilium, sedes, villa, from _bo_, _bo-a_, _bu-a_, to dwell, to
inhabit.


BALAS, _s._ A sort of precious stone, said to be brought from _Balassia_
in India.

    Fr. _balais_, bastard ruby.


BALAX, _s._ A hatchet, Aberd.

    Isl. _bolyxe_, Su. G. _baalyxa_, a large axe.


BALBEIS, _s. pl._ Halfpence.

V. ~Babie~.

  _Maitland Poems._


BALD, BAULD, _adj._

1. Bold, intrepid, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. Irascible, S.

  _Douglas._

3. Pungent to the taste, or keenly affecting the organ of smelling, S.

4. Keen, biting; expressive of the state of the atmosphere, S.

  _Davidson._

5. Certain, assured.

  _Henrysone._

6. Used obliquely, bright; as "a _bald_ moon."

  _Kelly._

    A. S. _bald_, _beald_, Su. G.  Alem.  Germ. _bald_, audax.


_To_ BALD, _v. a._ To embolden.

  _Douglas._


BALDERRY, _s._ Female-handed orchis, a plant, S.

  _Lightfoot._


BALK and BURRAL, a ridge raised very high by the plough, and a barren
space of nearly the same extent, alternately, S. B.

V. ~Bauk~, _s._

  _Statist. Acc._


BALDERDASH, _s._ Foolish and noisy talk, S. Isl. _bulldur_, stultorum
balbuties.


BALEN, _adj._ Made of skin.

V. ~Pauis~.

  _Douglas._

    Isl.  Su. G. _baelg_, Germ. _balg_, a skin.


BALYE, _s._ A space on the outside of the ditch of a fortification,
commonly surrounded by strong palisades.

  _Spotswood._

    Fr. _bayle_, a barricado, L. B. _ball-ium_.


BALLANT-BODDICE, _s._ Boddice made of leather, anciently worn by ladies
in Scotland, S. B.

V. ~Balen~.


BALLINGAR, BALLINGERE, _s._ A kind of ship.

    Fr. _ballinjier_.

  _Wallace._


BALOW, _s._

1. A lullaby, S.

  _Ritson._

2. A term used by a nurse, when lulling her child.

  _Old Song._

    Fr. _bas, là le loup_, "be still, the wolf is coming."


BAMULLO, BOMULLOCH, To _gar_ one _lauch_, _sing_ or _dance Bamullo_, to
make _one_ change one's mirth into sorrow, Ang.  Perths.

    C. B. _bw_ terror, Gael. _mula_, _mullach_, gloomy brows, q. "the
spectre with the dark eye-brows."


BANCHIS, _s. pl._ Deeds of settlement.

    Ital. _banco_, a bank.

  _Dunbar._


BANCOURIS, _s. pl._ Coverings for stools or benches.

    Teut. _banckwerc_, tapestry; Fr. _banquier_, a bench-cloth.


_To_ BAN, BANN, _v. n._ Often applied in S., although improperly, to
those irreverent exclamations which many use in conversation, as
distinguished from cursing.

  _A. Douglas._


BAND (To take), to unite; a phrase borrowed from architecture.

  _Rutherford._


BAND, _s._ Bond, obligation, S.

  _Wyntown._

_To mak band_, to come under obligation, to swear allegiance.

  _Wallace._


BAND _of a hill_. The top or summit.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _bann_, summitas, Gael. _ben_.


BANDKYN, _s._ A cloth, the warp of which is thread of gold, and the woof
silk, adorned with figures.

  _Douglas._

    L. B. _bandequin-us_.


BANDOUNE, BANDOWN, _s._ Command, orders.

V. ~Abandon~.

  _Wallace._

    Germ. _band_, a standard.


BANDOUNLY, _adv._ Firmly, courageously.

  _Wallace._


BANDSTER, BANSTER, _s._ One who binds sheaves after the reapers in the
harvest-field, S.

  _Ritson._

    A. S. Germ. _band_, vinculum.


BANE, _s._ Bone, S.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _ban_, Alem. _bein_, id.


BANE, _King of Bane_, the same with _King of the Bean_, a character in
the Christmas gambols. This designation is given to the person who is so
fortunate as to receive that part of a divided cake which has a _bean_
in it; _Rex fabae_.

  _Knox._


BANE-FYER, _s._ A bonfire, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Apparently corrupted from ~Bail-fire~.


BANEOUR, BANNEOURE, _s._ A standard-bearer.

  _Barbour._


BANERER, _s._ Properly, one who exhibits his own distinctive standard in
the field, q. "the lord of a standard."

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _bander-heer_, _baner-heer_, baro, satrapa.


BANERMAN, _s._ A standard-bearer.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _banersman_, vexillifer.


BANES-BRAKIN, _s._ A bloody quarrel, "the breaking of bones," S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


_To_ BANG, _v. n._ To change place with impetuosity; as, to _bang up_,
to start from one's seat or bed; _to bang to the dore_, to run hastily
to the door, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _baang_, tumult, Isl. _bang-a_, to strike.


_To_ BANG _out_, _v. a._ To draw out hastily, S.

  _Ross._


BANG, _s._

1. An action expressive of haste; as, He _cam wi' a bang_, S.

_In a bang_, suddenly, S.

  _Ross._

2. A great number, a crowd, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ BANG, _v. n._ To push off with a boat, in salmon-fishing, without
having seen any fish in the channel, Aberd.

  _Law Case._


BANGEISTER, BANGSTER, _s._

1. A violent and disorderly person, who regards no law but his own will.

  _Maitland Poems._

2. A braggart, a bully, S.

  _Ross._

3. A loose woman, Clydes.

    Isl. _bang-a_, to strike, _bang-ast_, to run on one with violence.


BANGSTRIE, _s._ Strength of hand, violence to another in his person or
property.

    From _Bangster_.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


BANKERS, _s. pl._ Apparently the same with ~Bancouris~, q. v.


BANKROUT, _s._ A bankrupt.

  _Skene._

    Fr. _banquerout_, Ital. _bancorotto_, Teut. _banckrote_, id.


BANNOCK, BONNOCK, BANNO, _s._ A cake, baked of dough in a pretty wet
state, and toasted on a girdle, S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Ir. _boinneog_, _bunna_, Gael. _bonnach_, a cake.

_Bear-bannock_, _s._ A cake of this description, baked of barley-meal,
S.

  _Ritson._


BANNOCK-FLUKE, _s._ The name given to the genuine turbot, from its flat
form as resembling a cake, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


BANNOCK-HIVE, _s._ Corpulence, induced by eating plentifully, S.

V. ~Hive~.

  _Morison._


BANRENTE, _s._ A banneret.

  _Acts Ja. I._


BANSTICKLE, _s._ The three-spined stickle-back, gasterosteus aculeatus,
Linn, S.

  _Barry._


BANWIN, _s._ As many reapers as may be served by one _bandster_, S.
Fife, S. A.

    A. S. _band_, vinculum, and _win_, labor.


BAP, _s._

1. A thick cake baked in the oven, generally with yeast, whether made of
oat-meal, barley-meal, flour of wheat, or a mixture, S.

  _Ritson._

2. A roll, a small loaf of wheaten bread, of an oblong form, S.


BAR, _s._ The grain in E. called barley; _bar-meal_, barley-meal;
_bar-bread_, _bar-bannock_, &c. S. B.

    Moes. G. _bar_, hordeum.


BAR, _s._ A boar.

V. ~Bair~.


_To_ BAR, _v. n._ To bar from bourdes, apparently to avoid jesting.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Fr. _barr-er_, to keep at a distance.


BARBAR, BARBOUR, _adj._ Barbarous, savage.

    Fr. _barbare_, id.

  _Kennedy._


BARBER, _s._ What is excellent in its kind, a low term, S.

    Su. G. _baer-a_, illustrare.


BARBLES, _s. pl._ A species of disease.

  _Polwart._

    Fr. _barbes_, a white excrescence which grows under the tongue of a
calf.


BARBLYT, _part. pa._ Barbed.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _barbele_, id.


_To_ BARBULYIE, _v. a._ To disorder, to trouble, Perths.

  _Montgomery._

    Fr. _barbouillé_, confusedly jumbled.


BARDACH, BARDY, _adj._

1. Stout, fearless, determined, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. Irascible, contentious, and at the same time uncivil and pertinacious
in managing a dispute, S.

  _R. Galloway._

    Isl. _barda_, pugnax, _bardagi_, Su. G. _bardaga_, praelium.


BARDILY, _adv._

1. Boldly, with intrepidity, S.

2. Pertly, S.


BARDIE, _s._ A gelded cat, Ang.


BARDIS, _s. pl._ Trappings.

  _Douglas._

    Goth. _bard_, a pole-ax.


BARDYNGIS, _s. pl._ Trappings of horses.

  _Bellenden._


BARDISH, _adj._ Rude, insolent in language.

  _Baillie._

    From _bard_, S. _baird_, a minstrel.


BARE, _adj._ Lean, meagre, S.

    A. S. _bare_, _baer_, nudus.


_To_ BARGANE, _v. n._ To fight, to contend.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _baer-ia_, _beargh-a_, ferire, pugnare.


BARGANE, _s._

1. Fight, battle, skirmish.

  _Barbour._

2. Contention, controversy, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. Struggle, S. B.

  _Ross._


BARGANER, _s._ A fighter, a bully.

  _Dunbar._


BARGANYNG, _s._ Fighting.

  _Barbour._


_To_ BARK, _v. a._ To tan leather, S.

  _Chalmerl. Air._

    Su. G. _bark-a_, decorticare, _barka hudar_, coria glabra reddere.


BARKER, _s._ A tanner, S.

    Dan. _barker_, id.


_To_ BARKEN, _v. n._ To clot, to become hard; _part. pa. barknyt_.

  _Douglas._


BARKING and FLEEING, a phrase used to denote one, who, especially from
prodigality, is believed to be on the eve of bankruptcy, S.


BARLA-BREIKIS, BARLEY-BRACKS, A game generally played by young people in
a corn-yard, S.

  _Bannatyne MS._

    Perh. q. _breaking_ the _barley_, or _parley_.


BARLA-FUMMIL, BARLA-FUMBLE, An exclamation for a truce by one who has
fallen down in wrestling or play.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Fr. _parlez, foi melez_, "let us have a truce, and blend our
faith."


BARLEY, _s._ A term used in the games of children, when a truce is
demanded, S.

    Fr. _parlez_, E. _parley_.


BARLEY-MEN.

V. ~Burlaw~.


BARLEY-BOX, _s._ A small box of a cylindrical form, now made as a toy
for children, but formerly used by farmers for carrying samples of
_barley_, or other grain to market, S.


BARLICHOOD, _s._ A fit of ill-humour, especially as the result of
intemperance, S.

  _Ramsay._

    From _barley_; as expressing the effect of any intoxicating
beverage.


BARME HORS, A horse without a saddle, Ang.

  _Wyntown._


BARMY, _adj._

1. Volatile, giddy.

  _Montgomery._

2. Passionate, choleric. "A _barmy_ quean," a passionate woman, S.

    From E. _barm_, yeast.


BARMKYN, BERMKYN, _s._ The rampart or outermost fortification of a
castle.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _barbacane_; or Teut. _barm_, a mound, with the termination
_kin_.


BARNAGE, _s._

1. Barons or noblemen, collectively viewed. Old Fr.

  _Wallace._

2. A military company; including both chieftains and followers.

  _Douglas._


BARNAT, _adj._ Native.

_Our barnat land_, q. the land of our _barnheid_ or nativity.

  _Wallace._


BARNE, _s._ The same with _Barnage_.

    Old Fr. _barnez_, nobility.

  _Wallace._


BARNE, _s._ A child.

V. ~Bairn~.


BARNE, _s._ Apparently for _barme_, bosom.

  _Douglas._


BARNS-BREAKING, _s._ Any mischievous or injurious action; in allusion to
the act of _breaking_ up a _barn_ for carrying off corn, S.


BARRACE, BARRAS, BARRES, BARROWIS, _s._

1. A barrier, an outwork at the gate of a castle.

  _Wyntown._

2. An inclosure made of felled trees for the defence of armed men.

  _Wallace._

3. Lists for combatants.

  _Douglas._

    Old Fr. _barres_, palaestra.


BARRAT, _s._

1. Hostile intercourse, battle.

  _Wallace._

2. Contention, of whatever kind.

  _Dunbar._

3. Grief, vexation, trouble.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G.  Isl. _baratta_, praelium.


BARRATRIE, _s._ The crime of clergymen who went abroad to purchase
benefices from the see of Rome for money.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    L. B. _baratria_, from O. Fr. _barat_, deceit.


BARREL-FERRARIS.

V. ~Ferraris~.


BARREL-FEVERS, _s. pl._ A term used by the vulgar, to denote the
disorder produced in the body by intemperate drinking, S.


BARRIE, _s._ A swaddling cloth of flannel, in which the legs of an
infant are wrapped for defending them from the cold, S.


BARTANE, _s._ Great Britain.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


BARTANYE, BERTANYE, _s._ Britanny.

  _Bellenden._


BARTIZAN, BERTISENE, _s._ A battlement on the top of a house or castle,
or around a spire, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    O. Fr. _bretesche_, wooden towers used for defence, Ital.
_bertesca_.


BASE DANCE, A kind of dance, slow and formal in its motions.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _basse danse_.


_To_ BASH, _v. a._ To beat to sherds, Loth.  _Smash_ synon.

    Su. G. _bas-a_, to strike.


BASH, _s._ A blow, S. A.


_To_ BASH _up_, _v. a._ To bow or bend the point of an iron instrument
inwards, Loth.


BASING, BASSING, _s._ A bason; pl. _basingis_.

Fr. _bassin_, id.

  _Bellenden._


BASS.

1. This term is used in S. for the inner bark of a tree.

2. A mat laid at a door for cleaning the feet; also, one used for
packing bales, S.

    Teut. _bast_, cortex.


BASSIE, _s._ A large wooden dish, used for carrying meal from the
_girnal_ to the _bakeboard_, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _bassin_, a bason.


BASSIE, _s._ An old horse, Clydes. Loth.

V. ~Bawsand~.


BASSIL, _s._ A long cannon, or piece of ordnance.

  _Pitscottie._

    Abbrev. from Fr. _basilic_.


BASSIN, _adj._ Of or belonging to rushes.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _biese_, juncus, scirpus; L. B. _basse_, a collar for
cart-horses made of flags.


BASSNYT, _adj._ White-faced.

V. ~Bawsand~.

  _Gl. Sibb._


BASTAILYIE, _s._ A bulwark, a blockhouse.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _bastille_, a fortress, a castle furnished with towers.


BASTILE, BASTEL, _s._ A fortress, principally meant for securing
prisoners, South of S.

V. preceding word.

  _Statist. Acc._


BASTOUN, _s._ A heavy staff, a baton.

    Fr. _baston_, _baton_, id.

  _Douglas._


BAT, _s._ A staple, a loop of iron, S.


BATAILL, _s._

1. Order of battle, battle-array.

  _Barbour._

2. A division of an army, a battalion.

  _Barbour._

3. It seems to signify military equipment.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _bataille_, order of battle; also, a squadron, battalion, or
part of an army; deduced from Germ. _batt-en_, caedere, A. S.
_beatt-an_, id.


BATE, BAIT, _s._ A boat.

  _Barbour._

    A. S.  Alem.  Isl. and Su. G. _bat_; C. B. and Ir. _bad_, cymba.


BATHE, BAITH, BAYTH, BAID, _adj._ Both, S.  ~Baid~ is the pron. of
Angus.

  _Wyntown._

    Moes. G. _ba_, _bai_, _bagoth_; A. S. _ba_, _buta_; Alem. _bedia_,
_bedu_, _beidu_; Isl. and Su. G. _bade_; Dan. _baade_; Germ. _beide_;
Belg. _beyde_; ambo.


BATIE, BAWTY, _s._ A name for a dog, without any particular respect to
species; generally given, however, to those of a larger size; S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Perhaps from O. Fr. _baud_, a white hound; _baud-ir_, to excite
dogs to the chace.


BATIE, BAWTIE, _adj._ Round and plump, applied either to man or beast,
Clydesd.


BATIE-BUM, BATIE-BUMMIL, _s._ A simpleton, an inactive fellow.

V. ~Blaitiebum~.

  _Maitland P._

    From _batie_ a dog, and _bum_, to make a humming noise.  Teut.
_bommel_, a drone.


BATS, _s. pl._ The disease in horses called in E. the _bots_, S.

  _Polwart._

    Teut. _botte_, papula, a swelling with many reddish pimples that
eat and spread; Swed. _bett_, pediculi, from _bit-a_, mordere.


BATTALLING, BATTELLING, _s._ A battlement.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _bastillé_, _batillé_, turriculis fastigiatus.


BATTAR-AX, _s._ A battle-ax.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _battre_, Ital. _battar-e_, to strike; also, to fight.


_To_ BATTER, _v. a._ To paste, to cause one body to adhere to another by
means of a viscous substance, S.


BATTER, _s._ A glutinous substance, used for producing adhesion, paste,
S.


_To_ BATTER, _v. a._ To lay a stone so as to make it incline to one
side, or to hew it obliquely; a term used in masonry, S.

    Fr. _battre_, to beat.


BATTILL-GERS. "Thick, rank, like men in order of battle," Rudd. This,
however, may be the same with _baittle_, applied to grass that is well
stocked, South of S.

    Teut. _bottel_, and _bottel-boom_, denote the arbutus, or wild
strawberry tree.


BATWARD, _s._ A boatman; literally, a boat-keeper.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _bat_, cymba, and _vard_, vigil, Swed. _ward_, custodia.


BAVARD, _adj._ Worn out, in a state of bankruptcy.

_Baiver_ and _baiver-like_, are used in S. to signify shabby in dress
and appearance.

V. ~Bevar~.

  _Baillie._

    Fr. _bavard_, _baveur_, a driveller; also, a babbler.


BAUBLE, _s._ A short stick, with a head carved at the end of it like a
_poupée_, or _doll_, carried by the fools of former times.

  _Lord Hailes._

    Fr. _babiole_, a toy, a gewgaw.


BAUCH, BAUGH, BAACH, (gutt.) _adj._

1. Ungrateful to the taste. In this sense _waugh_ is now used, S.

  _Polwart._

2. Not good, insufficient in whatever respect, S. as "a _baugh_
tradesman," one who is far from excelling in his profession.

  _Ramsay._

_Bauch-shod_, a term applied to a horse, when his shoes are much worn,
S.

3. Indifferent, sorry, not respectable, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. Not slippery. In this sense ice is said to be _bauch_, when there has
been a partial thaw. The opposite is _slid_ or _gleg_, S.

    Isl. _bag-ur_, reluctans, renuens; _bage_, jactura, nocumentum
(offals); _baga_, bardum et insulsum carmen.


BAUCHLY, _adv._ Sorrily, indifferently, S.

  _Ramsay._


BAUCHNESS, _s._ Want, defect of any kind, S.


_To_ BAUCHLE, BAWCHYLL, BACHLE, (gutt.) BASHLE, _v. a._

1. To wrench, to distort, to put out of shape; as "_to bauchle shoon_,"
to wear shoes in so slovenly a way as to let them fall down in the
heels, S.

  _Journ. London._

2. To treat contemptuously, to vilify.

  _Wallace._

_Bashel_ may be allied to Fr. _bossel-er_, to bruise.

    Isl. _backell_, luxatus, valgus, shambling, _biag-a_ violare,
whence _biag-adr_ luxatus, membrorum valetudine violatus.


BAUCHLE, BACHEL, _s._

1. An old shoe, used as a slipper, S.

2. Whatsoever is treated with contempt or disrespect. _To mak a bauchle
of_ any thing, to use it so frequently and familiarly, as to shew that
one has no respect for it, S.

  _Ferguson's Prov._


BAUGIE, _s._ An ornament; as, a ring, a bracelet.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _bagge_ gemma; Isl. _baug-r_; Alem. _boug_, A. S. _beag_, Fr.
_bague_, Ital. _bagun_, annulus.


BAUK, BAWK, _s._

1. One of the cross-beams in the roof of a house, which support and
unite the rafters, S.

2. The beam by which scales are suspended in a balance, S.

    Teut. _balck waeghe_, a balance. We invert the term, making it
_weigh-bauks_.  Germ. _balk_, Belg. _balck_, Dan. _bielke_, a beam.


BAUK, BAWK, _s._ A strip of land left unploughed, two or three feet in
breadth, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    A. S. and C. B. _balc_, Su. G. _balk_, porca, a ridge of land
between two furrows; Isl. _baulkur_, lira in agro, vel alia soli
eminentia minor.


BAUKIE, _s._ The razorbill, Alca torda, Orkn.

  _Barry._


BAUSY, _adj._ Big, strong.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _basse_, vir potens.


_To_ BAW, _v. a._ To hush, to lull.

  _Watson._

    Fr. _bas_, low.

V. ~Balow~.


BAW, _s._

1. A ball, used in play, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Money given to school-boys by a marriage company, to prevent their
being maltreated; as otherwise they claim a right to cut the bride's
gown, S. This is the same with _Ball money_, E.

V. ~Coles~.

    Corr. from E. _ball_.


BAWAW, _s._ An oblique look, implying contempt or scorn, S. B.

  _Ross._


BAWBIE, _s._ A half-penny.

V. ~Babie~.


BAWBURD, _s._ The larboard, or the left side of a ship.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _bas-bord_; Isl. _batforda_, id.


BAWD, _s_. A hare, Aberd.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    A. S. Ir. and Gael, _miol_ denotes a beast of whatever kind, _miol
bhuide_, or _boide_, is a hare; also _patas_.


BAWD-BREE, _s._ Hare-soup, Aberd.


BAWDEKYN, _s._ Cloth of gold.

    Fr. _baldachin_, _baldaquin_, _baudequin_, L. B. _baldachinum_,
tissue de fil d'or.


_To_ BAWME, _v. a._

1. To embalm.

    Fr. _em-baum-er_.

  _Wyntown._

2. To cherish, to warm.

  _Douglas._


BAWSAND, BASSAND, BAWSINT, _adj._

1. Having a white spot on the forehead or face; a term applied to a
horse, cow, &c., S.

  _Douglas._

2. It seems to be used as equivalent to brindled or streaked, S. A.

  _Minstrelsy Bord._

Hence, it would seem, _bassie_, an old horse, S.

    Fr. _balzan_, _balsan_, a horse that has a white mark on the feet;
deduced from Ital. _balzano_, and this from Lat. _bal-ius_, a horse
that has a white mark either on the forehead or feet.  Germ. _blaesse_,
Su. G. _blaes_, a white mark on the forehead of a horse.  Hence perhaps
E. _blazon_, and _blaze_.


BAWSY-BROWN, _s._ A hobgoblin; viewed as the same with Robin Goodfellow
of England, and _Brownie_ of S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Perhaps from Su. G. _basse_, vir potens, V. ~Bausy~, or _base_,
spectrum, and _brun_, fuscus, q. the strong goblin of a brown
appearance.


BAXTER, _s._ A baker, S.

V. ~Bakster~.

  _Ramsay._


BAZED, BASED, BASIT, _part. pa._

  _Watson's Coll._

  _Maitland Poems._

    Teut. _baes-en_, delirare; Belg. _byse_, _bysen_, turbatus; Su. G.
_bes-a_ denotes the state of animals so stung by insects, that they are
driven hither and thither; Fr. _bez-er_, id.


BE, _prep._

1. By, as denoting the cause, agent, or instrument, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Towards, in composition; as, _be-east_, towards the east; _be-west_,
towards the west, S.

  _Wyntown._

3. Of, concerning; as, _be the_, concerning thee.

  _Wallace._

4. By the time that.

  _Diallog._

5. During, expressive of the lapse of time.

  _Keith._

    A. S. _be_, per; de; circa.

_Be than_, by that time.


BE, _part. pa._ Been.

  _Douglas._


_To_ BEAL.

V. ~Beil~.


BEANSHAW.

V. ~Benshaw~.


_To_ BEAR, BER, BERE, _v. a._ _To bear on hand_, to affirm, to relate.

  _Wyntown._

_To bear upon_, to restrain one's self, S. B.

  _Ross._


BEAR, BERE, _s._ Barley, having four rows of grains, S.  Hordeum
vulgare, Linn.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _bere_, Moes. G. _bar_, hordeum.


BEAR LAND, land appropriated for a crop of barley, S.

_To go through the bear land with_ one, to tell him all the grounds of
umbrage at his conduct, to pluck a crow with him, S.


BEARIS BEFOR, Ancestors.

  _Wallace._

    A translation of Lat. _antecessores_.


BEARANCE, _s._ Toleration, S.

  _J. Nicol._


BEAT, _s._ A stroke, a blow, a contusion, S. B. apparently the same with
_Byt_ used in this sense by Douglas.


_To_ BEBBLE, _v. a._

1. To swallow any liquid in small, but frequent draughts; whether the
liquor be intoxicating or not, S.

2. To tipple, _v. n._ "He's ay _bebbling_ and drinking;" he is much
given to tippling, S.

    It seems to be formed from Lat. _bibere_ to drink, in the same
manner as _bibulus_, soaking, drinking, or taking it wet.


BECHT, _part. pa._ Tied; Gl. Rudd.

    Germ. _bieg-en_, flectere, is probably the origin.


_To_ BECK, BEK, _v. s._

1. To make obeisance, to cringe, S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

2. To curtsy; as restricted to the obeisance made by a woman, and
contra-distinguished from bowing.

    Isl. _beig-a_, Germ. _bieg-en_, to bow.


BECK, BEK, _s._ A curtsy, S.

  _Maitland Poems._


BEDDY, _adj._ Expressive of a quality in grey-hounds; the sense
uncertain.

  _Watson's Coll._

    It may signify, attentive to the cry of the huntsman. Fr. _baudé_,
"a cry as of hounds, Breton;" Cotgr.  It may, however, be the same word
which occurs in the S. Prov.; "Breeding wives are ay _beddie_;" Kelly,
p. 75. "Covetous of some silly things," N.  In this sense it is probably
allied to Isl. _beid-a_, A. S. _bidd-an_, Moes. G. _bid-jan_, Belg.
_bidd-en_, to ask, to supplicate, to solicit.


BEDE, _pret._ Offered; from the v. ~Bid~.

   _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

Chaucer uses the v. ~Bede~ as signifying to offer.

    A. S. _baed_, obtulit, from _beodan_.


BEDELUIN, _part. pa._ Buried, hid under ground.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _bedelfen_, sepultus, infossus; _be-delf-an_, circumfodere.


BEDENE, BY DENE, _adv._

1. Quickly, forthwith.

  _Barbour._

2. It seems also to signify, besides, moreover; in addition, as
respecting persons.

  _Gawan and Gol._

3. It undoubtedly signifies, in succession, or "one after another."

  _Gawan and Gol._

    As _belyve_, very similar in sense, is undoubtedly the imperat. of
_belif-an_, q. _wait_, _stay_; _bedene_ may have been formed in the
same manner, from Germ. _bedien-en_, to serve, to obey.


BEDIS, _s. pl._ Prayers.

  _King's Quair._

    Germ. _bed-en_; Germ. _ge-bet_, prayer.  Hence O. E. _bidde_, and
the phrase, _to bidde prayers_, to ask, to solicit them.


BEDE-HOUSE, _s._ A term used for an alms-house, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._


BEDE-MAN, BEIDMAN, _s._

1. A person who resides in a bede-house, or is supported from the funds
appropriated for this purpose, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. In the Court of Exchequer, this term is used to denote one of that
class of paupers who enjoy the royal bounty. The designation has
originated from some religious foundation, in times of popery. _Bedman_
occurs in O. E.

V. ~Assoilyie~, sense 3.

    The origin is A. S. _bead_, a prayer.  Hence, says Verstegan, the
name of _Beads_, "they being made to pray on, and _Beadsman_."


BEDYIT, _part. pa._ Dipped.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _deag-an_, tingere.


BEDOYF, _part. pa._ Besmeared, fouled.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _doft_, _dupt_, pulvis; or A. S. _bedof-en_, submersus,
dipped.


BEDOWIN, _part. pa._

  _Douglas._

    Rudd. expl. _bedowyne_, besmeared, deriving it from Belg.
_bedauwen_, to bedew, or sprinkle.


BEDRAL, _s._ A person who is bedrid.

V. ~Orphelin~.


BEDREL, _adj._ Bedrid, Galloway.

  _Douglas._

    Corr. perhaps from A. S. _bedrida_, id.; Teut. _bedder_, clinicus,
Germ. _bed-reise_.


BEDUNDER'D, _part. pa._ Stupified, confounded, S. q. having the ear
deafened by noise.

    Su. G. _dundr-a_, Belg. _dender-en_, tonare, to thunder.


BEE, _s._ The hollow between the ribs and hip-bone of a horse, S. B.

    Perhaps from A. S. _bige_, _byge_, flexus, angulus, sinus; _big-an_,
_byg-ean_, flectere, curvare.


BEE-ALE, _s._ A species of beer, or rather mead, made from the refuse of
honey; S. B. This in Clydes. is called _swats_.


BEE-BREAD, _s._ The substance that goes to the formation of bees, S.

    A. S. _beo-bread_ signifies honeycomb.


BE-EAST, Towards the East.

V. ~Be~, _prep._


BEELDE, BELD, _s._ "Properly an image.--Model of perfection or
imitation." Gl. Wynt.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _bilith_, _bild_, Belg. _beeld_, _beld_, Sw. _bild_, imago.


_To_ BEENGE, BYNGE, _v. a._ To cringe, in the way of making much
obeisance, S.

V. ~Beck~.

  _Ferguson._

    This is undoubtedly from A. S. _bens-ian_, also written _boens-ian_,
to ask as a suppliant; supplicitor petere, orare; _bensiende_,
supplicans.


BEENJIN, improperly written, is expl. "fawning."

  _J. Nicol._


BEEVIT, _part. pa._ Perhaps, installed as a knight.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _befeht_, cinctus, girded, Somn.

V. ~Falow~.


_To_ BEFF, BAFF, _v. a._ To beat, to strike, S.

~Beft~, beaten, _pret._ and _part. pa._

  _Douglas._

It is used more simply, as referring to the act of beating with strokes;
applied to metal.

  _Douglas._

~Doun Beft~ signifies, beat down, overthrown.


BEFF, BAFF, _s._ A stroke.

V. ~Baff~.


BEFORN, _prep._ Before.

  _Wallace._

It occurs also in O. E.

  _R. Brunne._

    A. S. _beforan_, ante; coram.


BEFOROUTH, _adv._ Before, formerly.

V. ~Forowth~.

  _Barbour._


BEFT, _part. pa._ Beaten.

V. ~Beff~.


_To_ BEGARIE, _v. a._

1. To variegate, to deck with various colours.

  _Lyndsay._

2. To stripe, to variegate with lines of various colours, to streak.
_Begaryit_, striped, _part. pa._

  _Douglas._

3. To besmear; to bedaub, to bespatter. "S. _begaried_, bedirted;" Rudd.
vo. ~Laggerit~.

  _Lyndsay._

    This _v._ has an evident affinity to our _Gair_, _gare_, a stripe
of cloth, and _Gaired_, _gairy_, q. v.  The word is immediately allied
to Fr. _begarr-er_, to diversify; _begarré_, of sundry colours, mingled.


BEGAIRIES, _s. pl._ Stripes or slips of cloth sewed on garments, by way
of ornament, such as are now worn in liveries; _pessments_, S. synon.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


BEGANE, _part. pa._ Covered; _Gold begane_, overlaid with gold.

  _Douglas._

    _Aurea tecta_, Virg. According to Rudd. q. _gone over_.  Chaucer
uses the phrase, _With gold begon_, Rom. Rose, 943., "painted over with
gold," Tyrwh.


_To_ BEGECK, BEGAIK, BEGEIK, _v. a._ To deceive; particularly by playing
the jilt, S.B.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _gheck-en_, deridere, ludibrio habere.

V. ~Geck~.


BEGEIK, BEGINK, BEGUNK, _s._

1. A trick, or illusion, which exposes one to ridicule, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. It often denotes the act of jilting one in love; applied either to a
male, or to a female, S.

~Begeik~ is the more common term, S. B.

  _Morison._


BEGES, BEGESS, _adv._ By chance, at random.

  _Evergreen._

    From _be_, by, and _gess_, guess, Belg. _ghisse_.


BEGGER-BOLTS, _s. pl._ "A sort of darts or missile weapons. The word is
used by James VI. in his Battle of Lepanto, to denote the weapons of the
_forceats_, or galley-slaves." Gl. Sibb. Hudson writes _beggers' bolts_.

    The word may have originated from contempt of the persons, who used
these arms, q. _bolts_ of _beggars_.


BEGOUTH, BEGOUDE, _pret._ Began.

  _Wyntown._

_Begoud_ is now commonly used, S.

    A. S. _gynn-an_, _beginn-an_,
seem to have had their pret. formed like _eode_, from _gan_, ire:
_Beginnan_, _begeode_.


BEGRAUIN, _part. pa._ Buried, interred.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _graf-an_, fodere; Teut. _be-gra-ven_, sepelire.


BEGRETTE, _pret._ Saluted.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _gret-an_, Belg. _be-groet-en_, salutare.


BEGRUTTEN, _part. pa._ Having the face disfigured with weeping, S.

    Sw. _begratande_, bewailing.

V. ~Greit~.


BEGUILE, _s._ A deception, trick, the slip; sometimes a disappointment,
S.

  _Ross._


BEGUNKIT, _part. adj._ Cheated, Clydes.

V. ~Begeck~.


_To_ BEHALD, _v. a._

1. To behold, S. _behaud_.

  _Wyntown._

2. To have respect to, to view with favour or partiality.

  _Douglas._

    _Spectat_, Virg.  A. S. _beheald-an_.

3. To wait, to delay; q. to look on for a while, S. used both as an
active, and as a neuter verb.

  _Ross._

~Behold~ occurs in the same sense.

  _Baillie._


BEHAUYNGIS, _s. pl._ Manners, deportment.

  _Bellenden._

    _Mores_, Boeth.

V. ~Havings~.


_To_ BEHECHT, _v. n._ To promise.

  _Douglas._

    Chaucer, _behete_, A. S. _behaet-an_, id. R. Glouc. _behet_; R.
Brunne, _be-hette_, promised.


BEHECHT, BEHEST, BEHETE, _s._

1. Promise.

  _Bellenden._

2. Engagement, covenant.

  _Douglas._

3. Command.

  _Douglas._

    Chaucer, _beheste_, id.


BEHO, BOHO, _s._ A laughing-stock. "To mak a _boho_" of any thing, to
hold it up to ridicule, S. B.

    Alem. _huohe_, ludibrium.


_To_ BEHUFE, _v. n._ To be dependent on.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _behof-ian_, Belg. _behoev-en_, to stand in need of, egere,
opus habere.


BEJAN CLASS, a designation given to the Greek class in the Universities
of St Andrew's and Aberdeen; as, till of late, in that of Edinburgh.
Hence, the students in this class are denominated _Bejans_.

    Fr. _bejaune_, a novice, an apprentice, a young beginner in any
science, art, or trade.  Cotgr. derives _bejaune_ from _bec jaulne_,
literally a yellow beak or bill.  Du Cange observes that L. B.
_bejaunus_ signifies a young scholar of any university, and _bejaunium_
the festivity that is held on his arrival. The term is thus very
emphatic, being primarily used in relation to a bird newly hatched,
whose beak is of a deep yellow.


_To_ BEJAN, _v. a._ When a new shearer comes to a harvest-field, he is
initiated by being lifted by the arms and legs, and struck down on a
stone on his buttocks; Fife. This custom has probably had its origin in
some of our universities. It is sometimes called _horsing_.


BEIK, _s._ A hive of bees.

V. ~Byke~.


_To_ BEIK, BEKE, BEEK, _v. a._

1. To bask, S.

  _Barbour._

2. To warm, to communicate heat to.

  _Ramsay._

3. It is often used in a neuter sense, S.

  _Ywaine._

    Belg. _baeker-en_ is used in the same sense; _baeker-en een kindt_,
to warm a child.  We say, To _beik_ in the sun; so, Belg. _baekeren in
de sonne_.  But our word is more immediately allied to the Scandinavian
dialects; Su. G. _bak-a_, to warm.


BEIK, _adj._ Warm.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


BEIK, _s._

1. This word primarily signifying the beak or bill of a fowl, is
"sometimes used for a man's mouth, by way of contempt;" Rudd.

  _Douglas._

2. It is used, as a cant word, for a person; "an auld _beik_," "a queer
_beik_," &c. S.

    Belg. _biek_, Fr. _bec_, rostrum.  It may be observed that the
latter is metaph. applied to a person.

V. ~Bejan~.


_To_ BEIL, BEAL, _v. n._

1. To suppurate, S.

  _Maitland Poems._

2. To swell or rankle with pain, or remorse; metaph. applied to the
mind, S. B.

  _Ross._

  _Wodrow._

    Belg. _buyl-en_, protuberare?  Ihre derives Su. G. _bold_, a boil,
from Isl. _bolg-a_, intumescere.


BEILIN, _s._ A suppuration, S.


BEILD, BIELD, _s._

1. Shelter, refuge, protection, S.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    "Every man bows to the bush he gets _bield_ frae;" S. Prov.  Every
man pays court to him who gives him protection.

2. Support, stay, means of sustenance, S.

  _Douglas._

3. A place of shelter; hence, applied to a house, a habitation; S.

  _Morison._

    A. Bor. _beild_, id.

~Beilding~ also occurs, where it seems doubtful whether buildings or
shelter be meant.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Isl. _baele_ denotes both a bed or couch, and a cave, a lurking
place; cubile, spelunca.  It is highly probable, that _baele_ is
radically the same with Isl. _boele_, domicilium, habitatio; from
_bo_, to build, to inhabit.


_To_ BEILD, _v. a._

1. To supply, to support.

  _Wallace._

2. In one passage it seems to signify, to take refuge; in a neuter
sense.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    This verb, it would seem, has been formed from the noun, q. v., or
has a common origin with Isl. _bael-a_, used to denote the act of
causing cattle to lie down.


BEILDY, _adj._ Affording shelter.

  _Ramsay._


BEILD, _adj._ Bold.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _beald_, id.  A. S.  Alem. _belde_, audacia.


BEILL, _s._ Perhaps, sorrow, care, q. _baill_.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


BEIN, _s._ Bone, Ang.

    One is said to be _aw frae the bein_, all from the bone, when proud,
elevated, or highly pleased; in allusion, as would seem, to the fleshy
parts rising from the bone, when the body is swollen.


BEIN, BEYNE, _adj._ ~Beinlier~.

V. ~Bene~.


BEIR, BERE, BIR, BIRR, _s._

1. Noise, cry, roar.

  _Douglas._

The word is used in this sense by R. Glouc.

2. Force, impetuosity; often as denoting the violence of the wind, S.
_Vir_, _virr_, Aberd.

  _Douglas._

    O. E. _bire_, _byre_, _birre_.  The term, especially as used in the
second sense, seems nearly allied to Isl. _byre_ (tempestas), Su. G.
_boer_, the wind; which seem to acknowledge _byr-ia_, _boer-ia_,
surgere, as their root.


_To_ BEIR, BERE, _v. s._ To roar, to make a noise.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _baeren_, _beren_, is expl. by Kilian; Fremere, sublatè et
ferociter clamare more ursorum.  The learned writer seems thus to view
it as a derivative from _baere_, _bere_, a bear.


BEIRD, _s._ A bard, a minstrel.

V. ~Baird~.

  _Douglas._


BEYRD, _pret._ Laid on a bere.

  _Maitland Poems._

    From A. S. _baer_, _baere_, feretrum.


BEIRTH, BYRTHE, _s._ Burden, incumbrance, charge; Gl. Sibb.

    Dan. _byrde_, _byrth_; Isl. _byrd_; Su. G. _boerd-a_; Belg. _borde_,
A. S. _byrth-in_; from Moes. G. _bair-an_, Su. G. _baer-a_, to bear.


BEIS, _v. s._ Be, is; third p. sing. subj. S.

  _Douglas._

    Here the second pers. is improperly used for the third.  A. S.
_byst_, sis; Alem.  Franc. _bist_, es, from _bin_, sum; Wachter, vo.
_Bin_.


BEIS, BEES, One's head is said to be _in the bees_, when one is confused
or stupified with drink or otherwise, S.

  _Shirrefs._

    Teut. _bies-en_, aestuari, furente impetu agitari; or from the same
origin with _Bazed_, q. v.


BEIST, BEISTYN, _s._ The first milk of a cow after she has calved, S.
_biestings_, E.

    A. S. _beost_, _byst_; Teut. _biest_, _biest melck_, id.
(colostrum).


_To_ BEIT, BETE, BEET, _v. a._

1. To help, to supply; to mend, by making addition.

  _Henrysone._

_To beit the fire_, or _beit the ingle_. To add fuel to the fire, S.
"_To beet_, to make or feed a fire." Gl. Grose.

_To beit a mister_, to supply a want, Loth.

2. To blow up, to inkindle, applied to the fire.

  _Douglas._

3. To bring into a better state, by removing calamity or cause of
sorrow.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _bet-an_, _ge-bet-an_, to mend, to restore to the original
state; Belg. _boet-en_; Isl. _bet-a_, Su. G. _boet-a_, id. _boet-a
klaeder_, to repair or mend clothes.  A. S. _bet-an fyr_, corresponds
to the S. phrase mentioned above, struere ignem.

~Bett~, _part. pa._ Supplied.

  _Wallace._


BEIT, _s._ An addition, a supply, S. B.

V. the _v._


BEITMISTER, _s._ That which is used in a strait, for supplying any
deficiency; applied either to a person or to a thing; Loth.

V. ~Beit~, _v._ and ~Mister~.


_To_ BEKE, _v. a._ To bask.

V. ~Beik~.


BEKEND, _part._ Known; S. B. _bekent_.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _bekaunt_, id. Teut. _be-kennen_, to know; A. S. _be-cunnan_,
experiri.


BELCH, BAILCH, BILCH, _s._ (gutt.)

1. A monster.

  _Douglas._

2. A term applied to a very lusty person, S. B.

"_A bursen belch_, or _bilch_, one who is breathless from corpulence, q.
burst, like a horse that is broken-winded.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _balgh_, the belly; or as it is pron. _bailg_, Moray, from Su.
G. _bolg-ia_, _bulg-ia_, to swell.


BELD, _adj._ Bald, without hair on the head, S.

V. ~Bellit~.

  _Burns._

    Seren. derives it from Isl. _bala_, planities.  With fully as much
probability might it be traced to Isl. _bael-a_, vastare, prosternere,
to lay flat.


BELD, _s._ Pattern, model of perfection.

V. ~Beelde~.


BELD, _imperf. v._ Perhaps, took the charge of, or protected.

  _Houlate._

    Fr. _bail_, a guardian.  In this sense it is nearly allied to E.
_bailed_, Fr. _bailler_, to present, to deliver up.  As, however, we
have the word _beild_, shelter, protection, _beld_ may possibly belong
to a verb corresponding in sense.


BELD CYTTES, _s. pl._ Bald coots.

  _Houlate._

    The _bald coot_ receives its name from a _bald_ spot on its head. It
is vulgarly called _bell-kite_, S.


BELDIT, _part. pa._ Imaged, formed.

V. ~Beelde~.

  _Houlate._

    Belg. _beeld-en_, Germ. _bild-en_, Sw. _bild-a_, formare, imaginari.
A. S. _bild_, _bilith_, Germ.  Sw. _bild_, _belaete_, an image.


_To_ BELE, _v. s._ "To burn, to blaze."

  _Wyntown._

    This, however, may mean, bellowed, roared, from A. S. _bell-an_,
Su. G. _bal-a_, id.  Chaucer uses _belle_ in the same sense.


BELE, _s._ A fire, a blaze.

V. ~Bail~.


_To_ BELEIF, _v. a._ To leave; pret. _beleft_.

    A. S. _be_ and _leof-an_, linquere.

  _Douglas._


_To_ BELEIF, BELEWE, _v. a._ To deliver up.

  _Douglas._

It is also used as a _v. n._ with the prep. _of_.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _belaew-an_, tradere; _belaewed_, traditus.


BELEFE, _s._ Hope.

  _Douglas._


_To_ BELENE, _v. n._ To tarry; or perhaps, to recline, to rest.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _bilen-ed_, inhabited.

V. ~Leind~.

    Or allied to Germ. _len-en_, recumbere.


BELEWYT, _imperf. v._ Delivered up.

V. ~Beleif~, _v._ 2.


BELGHE, _s._ Eructation, E. _belch_.

  _Z. Boyd._


BELYVE, BELIFF, BELIUE, BELIFE, _adv._

1. Immediately, quickly.

  _Douglas._

2. By and by, S.

  _Barbour._

This seems to be the only modern sense of the term in S.

3. At length.

  _Douglas._

4. It is used in a singular sense, S. B. _Litle belive_, or _bilive_, a
small remainder.

  _Popular Ball._

    Chaucer _belive_, _blive_, quickly; Gower, _blyve_, id.  Hickes
mentions Franc. _belibe_, as signifying protinus, confestim; and Junius
refers to Norm. Sax. _bilive_.  This is certainly the same word; from
Alem. and Franc. _belib-an_, manere; A. S. _belif-an_, id.


_To_ BELY, _v. a._ To besiege.

  _Spotswood._


TO BELL THE CAT, to contend, with one, especially, of superior rank or
power; to withstand him, either by words or actions; to use strong
measures, without regard to consequences, S.

  _Godscroft._

    Fr. _Mettre la campane au chat_, "to begin a quarrel, to raise a
brabble; we say also, in the same sense, to hang the bell about the
cat's neck." Cotgr.


_To_ BELLER, _v. n._ To bubble up.

  _Bp. Galloway._

    Isl. _belg-ia_, inflare buccas.


BELL-PENNY, _s._ Money laid up, for paying the expence of one's funeral;
from the ancient use of the passing-bell. This word is still used in
Aberbrothick.


BELL-KITE, _s._ The bald Coot.

V. ~Beld Cyttes~.


BELLAN, _s._ Fight, combat.

  _Douglas._

    Lat. _bellum_.


BELLE, _s._ Bonfire.

V. ~Bail~.


BELLING, _s._ The state of desiring the female; a term properly applied
to harts.

  _Douglas._

    Rudd. derives the phrase from Fr. _belier_, a ram; but perhaps it is
rather from Isl. _bael-a_, _bel-ia_, _baul-a_, Germ. _bell-en_, mugire,
boare.


BELLIS, _s. pl._

  _Wallace._


BELLIT, _adj._ Bald.

  _Fordun._

  _Scotichron._


BELLY-BLIND, _s._ The play called Blind-man's buff, S. A.: _Blind
Harie_, synon. S.

    Anciently this term denoted the person who was blindfolded in the
game.

  _Lyndsay._

    In Su. G. this game is called _blind-bock_, i. e. blind goat; and in
Germ. _blinde kuhe_, q. blind cow.  It is probable, that the term is the
same with _Billy Blynde_, mentioned in the Tales of Wonder, and said to
be the name of "a familiar spirit, or good genius."


BELLY-FLAUGHT.

1. To _slay_, or _flay_, _belly-flaught_, to bring the skin overhead, as
in flaying a hare, S. B.

  _Monroe's Iles._

2. It is used in Loth. and other provinces, in a sense considerably
different; as denoting great eagerness or violence in approaching an
object.

  _Ramsay._

3. It is also rendered, "flat forward."

_J. Nicol._


BELLY-HUDDROUN.

V. ~Huddroun~.


BELLY-THRA, _s._ The colic.

  _Gl. Complaynt._

    A. S. _belg_, belly, and _thra_, affliction.  This term, I am
informed, is still used on the Border.


_To_ BELLWAVER, _v. n._

1. To straggle, to stroll, S.

2. To fluctuate, to be inconstant; applied to the mind, S.

    I am informed, however, that the pronunciation of the term in some
places in the west of S. is _bullwaver_; and that it is primarily
applied to a _bull_ when going after the cow, and hence transferred to
man, when supposed to be engaged in some amorous pursuit.

    The origin of the latter part of the v. is obvious; either from E.
_waver_ or L. B. _wayviare_, to stray.  Perhaps the allusion may be to a
ram or other animal, roaming with a _bell_ hung round its neck.


_To_ BELT, _v. a._

1. To gird, S.

Hence, in our old ballads _belted knights_ are often introduced.

2. To gird, metaph. used in relation to the mind.

  _Bellenden._

3. To surround, to environ in a hostile manner.

  _Bellenden._

    Isl. _belt-a_, cingere zona.


_To_ BELT, _v. a._ To flog, to scourge, S.


_To_ BELT, _v. n._ To come forward with a sudden spring, S.

    Isl. _bilt-a_, _bilt-ast_, signifies, to tumble headlong.


BELT, _part. pa._ Built.

  _Douglas._


BELTANE, BELTEIN, _s._ The name of a sort of festival observed on the
first day of May, O. S.; hence used to denote the term of Whitsunday.

  _Peblis to the Play._

    This festival is chiefly celebrated by the cow-herds, who assemble
by scores in the fields, to dress a dinner for themselves, of boiled
milk and eggs.  These dishes they eat with a sort of cakes baked for the
occasion, and having small lumps in the form of _nipples_, raised all
over the surface.  The cake seems to have been an offering to some Deity
in the days of Druidism.--In Ireland, Beltein is celebrated on the 21st
June, at the time of the solstice.  There, as they make fires on the
tops of hills, every member of the family is made to pass through the
fire; as they reckon this ceremony necessary to ensure good fortune
through the succeeding year.--The Gael. and Ir. word _Beal-tine_ or
_Beil-tine_ signifies _Bel's Fire_; as composed of _Baal_ or _Belis_,
one of the names of the sun in Gaul, and _tein_ signifying fire. Even in
Angus a spark of fire is called a _tein_ or _teind_.


BELTH, _s._

  _Douglas._

    This word may denote a whirlpool or rushing of waters.  I am
inclined, however, to view it, either as equivalent to _belch_, only
with a change in the termination, _metri causa_; or as signifying,
figure, image, from A. S. _bilith_, Alem. _bilid_, _bileth_, id.


_To_ BEMANG, _v. a._ To hurl, to injure; to overpower, S. B.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


_To_ BEME, _v. n._

1. To resound, to make a noise.

  _Douglas._

2. To call forth by sound of trumpet.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Germ. _bomm-en_, resonare; or A. S. _beam_, _bema_, tuba. It is
evident that beme is radically the same with _bommen_, because Germ.
_bomme_, as well as A. S. _beam_, signifies a trumpet.


BEME, _s._ A trumpet; ~Bemys~, pl.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    O. E. _beem_, id.

V. the _v._


BEMYNG, _s._ Bumming, buzzing.

  _Douglas._


BEN, _adv._

1. Towards the inner apartment of a house; corresponding to ~But~, S.

  _Wyntown._

It is also used as a preposition, _Gae ben the house_, Go into the inner
apartment.

A ~But~ _and a_ ~Ben~, S.; i. e. a house containing two rooms.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. It is used metaph. to denote intimacy, favour, or honour. Thus it is
said of one, who is admitted to great familiarity with another, who
either is, or wishes to be thought his superior; _He is far ben_. "_O'er
far ben_, too intimate or familiar," Gl. Shirr.

  _Lyndsay._

Leg. as in edit. 1670, _far ben_.

    A. S. _binnan_, Belg. _binnen_, intus, (within); _binnen-kamer_,
locus secretior in penetralibus domus; Kilian.  Belg. _binnen gaan_, to
go within, S. _to gae ben_; _binnen brengen_, to carry within, S. _to
bring ben_.


BEN-END, _s._

1. _The ben-end of a house_, the inner part of it, S.

2. Metaph., the best part of any thing; as, _the ben-end of one's
dinner_, the principal part of it, S. B.


BEN-HOUSE, _s._ The inner or principal apartment, S.


BENNER, _adj._ A comparative formed from _ben_. Inner, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


BENMOST is used as a superlative, signifying innermost.

  _Ferguson._

    Teut. _binnenste_ is synon.


BEN-INNO, _prep._ Within, beyond, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

    From _ben_, q. v. and A. S. _inne_, or _innon_, within; Alem.
_inna_; Isl. _inne_, id.

~There-ben~, _adv._ Within, in the inner apartment, S.

V. ~Thairben~.


BEND, _s._

1. Band, ribbon, or fillet; pl. _bendis_.

  _Douglas._

"_Bend_, a border of a woman's cap, North.; perhaps from _band_," Gl.
Grose.

2. It is used improperly for a fleece.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _bend_, _baende_, Moes. G. _bandi_, Germ. _band_, Pers.
_bend_, vinculum.


_To_ BEND, _v. n._ To drink hard; a cant term, S.

  _Ramsay._


BEND, _s._ A pull of liquor, S.

  _Ramsay._


BENDER, _s._ A hard drinker, S.

  _Ramsay._


BENE, _v. subst._ Are.

  _Bellenden._

    Chaucer, _ben_, id. from _beon_, third p. pl. subj. of the A. S.
substantive verb.


BENE is also used for _be_.

  _King's Quair._


BENE, BEIN, BEYNE, BIEN, _adj._

1. Wealthy, well-provided, possessing abundance, S.

  _Henrysone._

    This is perhaps the most common sense of the term, S.  Thus we say,
_A bene_ or _bein farmer_, a wealthy farmer, one who is in easy, or even
in affluent circumstances; _a bein laird_, &c.

2. Warm, genial. In this sense it is applied to a fire, S.

  _Douglas._

3. Pleasant.

  _Douglas._

4. Happy, blissful, S.

  _Ferguson._

5. Splendid, showy.

  _Wallace._

6. Good, excellent in its kind.

  _Dunbar._

7. Eager, new-fangled. People are said to be _bein_ upon any thing that
they are very fond of, Loth. In this sense _bayne_ occurs in O. E.

    Isl. _bein-a_ signifies to prosper, to give success to any
undertaking.  _Bein_, as allied to this, signifies hospitable; _beine_,
hospitality, hospitis advenae exhibita beneficentia.  G. Andr. mentions
the v. _beina_, as signifying, hospitii beneficia praestare.  _Beini_,
hospitality, liberality.


BENELY, BEINLY, _adv._ In the possession of fulness, S.

  _L. Scotland's Lament._


BENE, _adv._ Well; _full bene_, full well.

  _Douglas._

    This word is most probably from Lat. _benè_, well.


BENJEL, _s._ A heap, a considerable quantity; as "a _benjel_ of coals,"
when many are laid at once on the fire, S. B. _Bensil_, however, is used
in the same sense in the South and West of S.

V. ~Bensell~.


BENK, BINK, _s._ A bench, a seat. It seems sometimes to have denoted a
seat of honour.

  _Kelly._

    Dan. _benk_, Germ. _bank_, scamnum; Wachter.


BENN, _s._ A sash.

V. ~Bend~.

  _Statist. Acc._


BENORTH, _prep._ To the northward of; _besouth_, to the southward of, S.

  _Wyntown._


BENSELL, BENSAIL, BENT-SAIL, _s._

1. Force, violence of whatever kind, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A severe stroke; properly that which one receives from a push or
shove, S.

3. "A severe rebuke," Gl. Shirr. "I got a terrible _bensell_;" I was
severely scolded, S.

4. _Bensil of a fire_, a strong fire, South and West of S.

    It is not unlikely that the word was originally _bent-sail_, as
alluding to a vessel driven by the force of the winds.


_To_ BENSEL, _v. a._ To bang, or beat, Gl. Sibb. "_Bensel_, to beat or
bang. Vox rustica, Yorksh." Gl. Grose.


BENSHAW, BEANSHAW, _s._ A disease, apparently of horses.

  _Polwart._

    Formed perhaps from A. S. _ban_, Teut. _been_, os, and _hef_,
elevatio; q. the swelling of the bone.


BENSHIE, BENSHI, _s._ Expl. "Fairy's wife."

  _Pennant._

    It has been observed, that this being, who is still reverenced as
the tutelar daemon of ancient Irish families, is of pure Celtic origin,
and owes her title to two Gaelic words, _Ben_ and _sighean_, signifying
the head or chief of the fairies.  But it seems rather derived from Ir.
Gael. _ben_, _bean_ a woman, said by Obrien to be the root of the Lat.
_Venus_, and _sighe_, a fairy or hobgoblin.


BENT, _s._

1. A coarse kind of grass, growing on hilly ground, S. Agrostis
vulgaris, Linn. Common hair-grass.

2. The coarse grass growing on the sea-shore, S. denoting the Triticum
juncium, and also the Arundo arenaria.

  _Lightfoot._

3. The open field, the plain, S.

  _Douglas._

4. To _gae to the bent_, to provide for one's safety, to flee from
danger, by leaving the haunts of men; as it is also vulgarly said, _to
tak the cuntrie on his back_.

  _Henrysone._

    Teut. _biendse_; Germ. _bintz_, _bins_, a rush, juncus, scirpus; a
_binden_, vincire, quia sportas, sellas, fiscellas, et similia ex juncis
conteximus; Wachter.


BENTY, BENTEY, _adj._ Covered with bent-grass, S.

  _Monroe's Iles._


_To_ BER _on hand_.

V. ~Bear~.


BERBER, _s._ Barberry, a shrub.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gol._

    L. B. _berberis_, Sw. id.


BERE, _s._ Noise; also, To ~Bere~.

V. ~Beir~.


BERE, _s._ Boar.

V. ~Bair~.

  _Douglas._


BERE, _s._ Barley.

  _Wyntown._


BERGLE, BERGELL, _s._ The wrasse, a fish, Orkn.

  _Barry._

    The first syllable of its name is undoubtedly from Isl. _berg_, a
rock. Had it any resemblance to the eel, we might suppose the last from
_aal_, q. the _rock eel_.


BERHEDIS, _s. pl._ Heads of boars.

V. ~Bere~.

  _Gawan and Gal._


BERIT, _imperf._

V. ~Beir~, _v._


_To_ BERY, BERYSS, BERISCH, _v. a._

To inter, to bury.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _byrig-an_, id. Junius says that A. S. _byrig-an_ is
literally, tumulare. It may, however, be supposed that the primitive
idea is found in Isl. _birg-ia_, Franc. _berg-an_, to cover, to hide,
to defend.


BERIIS, _s._ Sepulture.

    A. S. _byrigels_, sepultura. _Birielis_ is accordingly used by
Wiclif for tombs.


BERYNES, BERYNISS, _s._ Burial, interment.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _byrignesse_, sepultura.


BERY BROUNE, a shade of brown approaching to red.

  _Gawan. and Gol._

    We still say, "as brown as a _berry_," S.  A. S. _beria_, bacca.


BERLE, _s._ Beryl, a precious stone.

  _Houlate._

    From this _s._ Doug. forms the adj. _beriall_, shining like beryl.


BERLY, _adj._ Apparently, strong, mighty.

  _Henrysone._

    This word is the same, I suspect, with E. _burly_, strong. If
_berly_ be the ancient word, either from Germ. _bar_, vir illustris; or
from _baer_, ursus; especially as Su. G. _biorn_, id. was metaph. used
to denote an illustrious personage.


BERN, BERNE, _s._

1. A baron.

  _Wallace._

2. It is often used in a general sense, as denoting a man of rank or
authority; or one who has the appearance of rank, although the degree of
it be unknown.

  _Gawan and Gol._

3. A man in general.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _beorne_, princeps, homo, Benson; "a prince, a nobleman, a man
of honour and dignity," Somner. _Bern_, as denoting a man, in an
honourable sense, may be from A. S. _bar_, free, or Lat. _baro_, used by
Cicero, as equivalent to a lord or peer of the realm.


BERN, _s._ A barn, a place for laying up and threshing grain.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _bern_, id.  Junius supposes that this is comp. of _bere_,
barley, and _ern_, place, q. "the place where barley is deposited," Gl.
Goth.


BERSIS, _s._ "A species of cannon formerly much used at sea. It
resembled the faucon, but was shorter, and of a larger calibre," Gl.
Compl.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _barce_, _berche_, "the piece of ordnance called a base;" Cotgr.
pl. _barces_, _berches_.


BERTH, _s._ Apparently, rage.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. and Sw. _braede_, id.


BERTHINSEK, BIRDINSEK, BURDINSECK. _The law of Berthinsek_, a law,
according to which no man was to be punished capitally for stealing a
calf, sheep, or so much meat as he could carry on his back in a sack.

  _Skene._

    A. S. _ge-burthyn in saeca_, a burden in a sack; or from
_ge-beor-a_, portare.


BERTYNIT, BERTNYT, _pret._ and _part. pa._ Struck, battered.

  _Wallace._

    This is evidently the same with ~Brittyn~, q. v.


BESAND, BEISAND, _s._ An ancient piece of cold coin, offered by the
French kings at the mass of their consecration at Rheims, and called a
_Bysantine_, as the coin of this description was first struck at
_Byzantium_ or Constantinople. It is said to have been worth, in French
money, fifty pounds _Tournois_.

  _Kennedy._


_To_ BESEIK, _v. a._ To beseech, to entreat.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _be_ and _sec-an_, to seek; Belg. _ver-soek-en_, to solicit,
to entreat; Moes. G. _sok-jan_, to ask, used with respect to prayer.


BESY, _adj._ Busy.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _bysi_, Belg. _besigh_, id.; allied perhaps to Teut. _byse_
turbatus, _bijs-en_, violento impetu agitari.


BESYNES, _s._ Business.

  _Wyntown._


BESYNE, BYSENE, BYSIM, _s._ Expl. "whore, bawd," Gl. Sibb.

V. ~Bisym~.


BESCHACHT, _part. pa._

1. Not straight, distorted, Ang.

2. Torn, tattered; often including the idea of dirtiness, Perths. The
latter seems to be an oblique use.

V. ~Shacht~.


_To_ BESLE, or BEZLE, _v. n._ To talk much at random, to talk
inconsiderately and boldly on a subject that one is ignorant of, Ang.

    Belg. _beuzel-en_, to trifle, to fable; Teut. _beusel-en_, nugari.


BESLE, BEZLE, _s._ Idle talking, Ang.

    Belg. _beusel_, id.


BESMOTTRIT, _part. pa._ Bespattered, fouled.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _besmyt-an_, maculare, inquinare; Belg. _besmodder-en_, Germ.
_schmader-n_, _schmatter-n_, to stain, S. to _smadd_, Su. G. _smitt-a_.


BESOUTH, _prep._ To the southward of.

V. ~Benorth~.


BEST, _part. pa._ Struck, beaten.

V. ~Baist~.

  _Barbour._


BEST, _part. pa._ Perhaps, fluttering, or shaken.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _beyst-i_, concutio.


BEST, _s._ "Beast, any animal not human," Gl. Wynt.

  _Wyntown._

    The term is still used in this general sense, S. pronounced q.
_baist_.  S. B.


BEST-MAN, _s._ Brideman; as _best-maid_ is bride-maid; from having the
_principal_ offices in waiting on the bride, S.


BESTIAL, (_off Tre_) _s._ An engine for a siege.

  _Wallace._

    It seems uncertain, whether this word be formed from Lat.
_bestialis_, as at first applied to the engines called _rams_, _sows_,
&c., or from Fr. _bastille_, a tower; L. B. _bastillae_.


BESTIALITÉ, _s._ Cattle.

  _Complaynt S._

    L. B. _bestialia_, pecudes; Fr. _bestail_.


BESTREIK, _part. pa._ Drawn out; _gold bestreik_, gold wire or twist.

  _Burel._

    Teut. _be-streck-en_, extendere.


BESTURTED, _part. pa._ Startled, alarmed, afrighted, S.

    Germ. _besturz-en_, to startle; _besturzt seyn_, to be startled.
Ihre views Isl. _stird-r_, rigid, immoveable, as the root.


BESWAKIT, _part. pa._ Apparently, soaked, drenched.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _sock_, mergor, _saukv-a_, mergi.


_To_ BESWEIK, _v. a._ To allure; to beguile; to deceive.

    A. S. _swic-an_, _beswic-an_, Isl. _svik-ia_.  Alem. _bisuich-en_,
Su. G. _swik-a_, Germ. _schwick-en_, id.


BET, _pret._ Struck.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _beat-an_, Su. G. _bet-a_; _tu bete_, thou hast struck.


BET, BETT, _pret._ and _part._ Helped, supplied.

V. ~Beit~.


BET, _part. pa._ Built, erected.

  _Douglas._

    This is a secondary and oblique sense of the _v._ _Beit_, q. v.


BET, _adj._ Better.

  _King's Quair._

    A. S. _bet_, Teut. _bat_, _bet_, melius, potius, magis; Alem. _bas_,
_baz_, melior, the compar. of _bat_, bonus.  A. S. _bet-an_, emendare,
and the other synon. verbs in the Northern languages, have been viewed
as originating the term.  _Bet_, indeed, seems to be merely the past
part., mended, i. e. made _better_.


BETANE, _part. pa._ Perhaps, inclosed.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _betien-en_, _betyn-an_, to inclose, to shut up.


BETAUCHT, BETUK, Delivered, committed in trust; delivered up.

V. ~Betech~.


_To_ BETECH, BETEACH, _v. a._ To deliver up, to consign; _betuk_, pret.
_betaucht_, pret. and part. pa.

  _Barbour._

    Hence "the common Scots expression, _God I beteach me till_," Rudd.;
and that used by Ramsay, _Betootch-us-to_; i. e. Let us commend
ourselves to the protection of some superior being. O. E. _bitoke_,
committed; also _bitaughten_, _bitakun_, _bitauht_. A. S. _betaec-an_,
tradere, concedere, assignare, commendare; to deliver, to grant, to
assign or appoint, to betake or recommend unto; Somner. _Betaehte_,
tradidit.


BETHLERIS. Leg. ~Bechleris~. Bachelors.

  _Houlate._


_To_ BETRUMPE, _v. a._ To deceive.

  _Douglas._


_To_ BETREYSS, BETRASE, _v. a._ To betray.

  _Barbour._

    _Betrasit_, Douglas; _betraissed_, Wallace; _betraised_, Chaucer;
_betraist_, R. Brunne.  Germ. _trieg-en_, _betrieg-en_; Fr. _trah-ir_,
id. _trahi-son_, treason.


BETWEESH, _prep._ Betwixt, S.

V. ~Atweesh~.


BEVAR, _s._ One who is worn out with age.

  _Henrysone._

    It is evidently from the same source with _Bavard_, adj. q. v. We
still say a _bevir-horse_ for a lean horse, or one worn out with age or
hard work; S.


BEVEL, _s._ A stroke; sometimes, a violent push with the elbow, S.

  _Many._

    This is a derivative from _Baff_, _beff_, q. v.


BEVEREN, BEVERAND, _part. pr._

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    Perhaps from A. S. _befer-an_, circumdare; or as the same with
_beverand_, which Sibb. renders "shaking, nodding;" deriving it from
Teut. _bev-en_, contremere.  This is a provincial E. word. "_Bevering_,
trembling. North." Gl. Grose.


BEVIE, (_of a fire_) _s._ A term used to denote a great fire; sometimes,
_bevice_, S.

    Perhaps from E. _bavin_, "a stick like those bound up in faggots,"
Johnson. It is thus used in O. E.


BEVIE, _s._ A jog, a push, S. from the same source with _bevel_.

V. ~Baff~, _s._


BEVIS.

V. ~Bevar~.


BEUCH, _s._ (gutt.) A bough, a branch, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _boga_, _boh_, id. from _bug-an_, to bend.


BEUCHIT, _part. pa._ (gutt.) Bowed, crooked, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _bug-an_, curvare.


BEUGH, _s._ (gutt.) A limb, a leg, Border.

  _Evergreen._

    Isl. _bog_, Alem. _puac_, Germ. _bug_, id.  The term is applied both
to man and to other animals.  Both Ihre and Wachter view _bug-en_, to
bend, as the origin; as it is by means of its joints that an animal
bends itself.


BEUGLE-BACKED, _adj._ Crook-backed.

  _Watson._

    A. S. _bug-an_, to bow; Teut. _boechel_, gibbus. Germ. _bugel_, a
dimin. from _bug_, denoting any thing curved or circular.  It is
undoubtedly the same word that is now pronounced _boolie-backit_, S.


BEUKE, _pret. v._ Baked.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _boc_, pret. of _bac-an_, pinsere.


BEULD, _adj._ Bow-legged, Ang.; q. _beugeld_ from the same origin with
_beugle_, in _Beugle-backed_, q. v.


BEW, _adj._ Good, honourable. _Bew schyris_, or _schirris_, good Sirs.

    Fr. _beau_, good.

  _Douglas._


_To_ BEWAVE, BEWAUE, _v. a._ To cause to wander or waver.

  _Palice of Honour._

    A. S. _waf-ian_, vacillare, fluctuare.


BEWIS, BEWYS, _s. pl._ Boughs.

V. ~Beuch~.

  _Douglas._


BEWIS, _s. pl._ Beauties.

    O. Fr. _beau_, beauty.

  _Maitland Poems._


BEWITH, _s._ A thing which is employed as a substitute for another,
although it should not answer the end so well.

  _Ramsay._

One who arrives, when the regular dinner is eaten, is said to get "only
a _bewith_ for a dinner," S.

    From the subst. v. conjoined with the prep., q. what one must submit
to for a time.


_To_ BEWRY, _v. a._ To pervert, to distort.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _wroegh-en_, torquere, angere.


BY, _prep._

1. Beyond, S.

  _Pitscottie._

2. Besides, over and above.

  _Pitscottie._

3. Away from, without, without regard to, contrary to.

  _Wallace._

    _By_, as thus used, is sometimes directly contrasted with _be_, as
signifying _by_ in the modern sense of the term.  This may be viewed as
an oblique sense of _by_ as signifying _beyond_; perhaps in allusion to
an arrow that flies wide from the mark.

4. In a way of distinction from, S.

  _Wallace._


BY, _adv._ When, after; q. by the time that.

  _Pitscottie._

    This idiom is very ancient, Moes. G. _Bi the galithun thai
brothrjus is_; _When_ his brethren were gone up.


BY-HAND, _adv._ Over, S.

V. ~Hand~.


BY-LYAR, _s._ A neutral.

  _Knox._

    From the _v_. _To lie by_, E.


BIAS, a word used as a mark of the superlative degree; _bias bonny_,
very handsome; _bias hungry_, very hungry, Aberd.


BIB, _s._ A term used to denote the stomach, Ang., borrowed, perhaps,
from the use of that small piece of linen, thus denominated, which
covers the breast or stomach of a child.


BYBILL, _s._ A large writing, a scroll so extensive that it may be
compared to a book.

  _Detection Q. Mary._

    The word occurs in a similar sense in O. E.  As used by Chaucer,
Tyrwhitt justly renders it "any great book." In the dark ages, when
books were scarce, those, which would be most frequently mentioned,
would doubtless be the _Bible_ and _Breviary_. Or, this use of the word
may be immediately from L. B. _biblus_, a book, (Gr. βιβλος), which
occurs in this sense from the reign of Charlemagne downwards.


BICHMAN, _s._ Perhaps, for _buthman_, q. _boothman_, one who sells goods
in a _booth_.

  _Dunbar._

    In edit. 1508, it is _buthman_.


BYCHT.

V. ~Lycht~.

  _Houlate._


BICK, _s._ A bitch; "the female of the canine kind," S.

    A. S. _bicca_, _bicce_, id.; Isl. _bickia_, catella.


_To_ BICKER, BYKER, _v. a._ This _v_., as used in S., does not merely
signify, "to fight, to skirmish, to fight off and on," as it is defined
in E. dictionaries. It also denotes,

1. The constant motion of weapons of any kind, and the rapid succession
of strokes, in a battle or broil.

  _Wallace._

2. To fight by throwing stones; S.

3. To move quickly; S.

4. It expresses the noise occasioned by successive strokes, by throwing
of stones, or by any rapid motion; S.

    C. B. _bicre_, a battle; "Pers. _pykar_." id. Gl. Wynt.


BICKER, BIKERING, _s._

1. A fight carried on with stones; a term among schoolboys, S.

2. A contention, strife, S.

  _Baillie._


BICKER, BIQUOUR, _s._ A bowl, or dish for containing liquor; properly,
one made of wood; S.

  _Evergreen._

    Germ. _becher_; Isl. _baukur_, _bikare_; Sw. _bagare_; Dan.
_begere_; Gr. and L. B. βεικαρι, _baccarium_; Ital. _bicchiere_, patera,
scyphus.


_To_ BID, _v. a._

1. To desire, to pray for.

  _Henrysone._

    This sense is common in O. E.

2. To care for, to value.

  _Douglas._

    From the same origin with ~Bedis~, q. v.


_To_ BIDE, BYDE, _v. a._

1. To await, to wait for.

  _Kelly._

2. To suffer, to endure. "He _bides_ a great deal of pain;" S.
Westmorel, id.

  _Ross._

    An oblique sense of Moes. G. _beid-an_, A. S. _bid-an_, expectare.


_To_ BIDE _be_, _v. n._ To continue in one state, S.


BIDINGS, _s. pl._ Sufferings.

V. ~Bide~, _v._


BY-EAST, towards the east.

V. ~Be~, _prep._


BIERDLY, BIERLY, _adj._

  _Popular Ball._

    It is viewed as the same with _Burdly_, q. v. But to me it seems
rather to signify, fit, proper, becoming, from Isl. _byr-iar_, _ber_,
decet, oportet.


BIERLING, _s._ A galley, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._


BIG, BIGG, _s._ A particular species of barley, also denominated _bear_,
S. Cumb. id. barley.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _bygg_, hordeum, Dan. _byg_, Su. G. _biugg_, id.


_To_ BIG, BYG, _v. a._ To build; S., Cumb., Westmorel., id.

  _Wallace._

    This word occurs in O. E. although not very frequently.  A. S.
_bycg-an_, Isl. _bygg-ia_, Su. G. _bygg-a_, aedificare, instruere, a
frequentative from _bo_, id.; as it is customary with the Goths thus to
augment monosyllables in _o_; as _sugg-a_ from _so_, a sow.


BIGGAR, _s._ A builder, one who carries on a building.

  _Acts Marie._


BIGGING, BYGGYN, BYGGYNGE, _s._ A building; a house, properly of a
larger size, as opposed to a cottage, S.

  _Wallace._

    _Biggin_, a building, Gl.  Westmorel.  Isl. _bigging_, structura.


BIGGIT, _part. pa._ Built.

    This word is used in various senses, S.

_Biggit land_, land where there are houses or buildings, contrasted with
one's situation in a solitude, or far from any shelter during a storm,
S.

  _Barbour._

_Weill biggit_, well-grown, lusty.

  _Melvill's MS._

_A weill biggit body_ is one who has acquired a good deal of wealth, S.
B.


BIGGIT, _pret._ Perhaps, inclined.

    A. S. _byg-an_, flectere.

  _King Hart._


BIGLY, BYGLY, _adj._ Commodious, or habitable.

  _Bludy Serk._

    From A. S. _big-an_, habitare, and _lic_, similis.


BIGHTSOM, _adj._ Implying an easy air, and, at the same time, activity,
S. B.

  _Morison._

    Perhaps q. _buxom_, from A. S. _bocsum_ flexibilis; _byg-an_, to bend.


BIGONET, _s._ A linen cap or coif.

  _Ramsay._

    From the same origin with E. _biggin_, "a kind of coif, or linen-cap
for a young child;" Phillips.  Fr. _beguin_. id.


BYGANE, BIGANE, BYGONE, _adj._

1. Past; S. The latter is mentioned by Dr Johnson as "a Scotch word."

  _Acts Ja. I._

2. Preceding; equivalent to E. predeceased.

  _Douglas._


BYGANES, BIGONES, used as _s. pl._ denoting what is past, but properly
including the idea of transgression or defect.

1. It denotes offences against the sovereign, or the state, real or
supposed.

  _Baillie._

2. It is used in relation to the quarrels of lovers, or grounds of
offence give by either party, S.

  _Morison._

3. It often denotes arrears, sums of money formerly due, but not paid,
S.

  _Wodrow._


BIGS, Barbour, xix. 392. Pink. ed. Leg. ~Lugis~.


BIKE, BYKE, BEIK, _s._

1. A building, an habitation, S.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. A nest or hive of bees, wasps, or ants, S.

  _Douglas._

3. A building erected for the preservation of grain; Caithn.

  _Pennant._

4. Metaph. an association or collective body; S.

  _Lyndsay._

_To skail the byke_, metaph. to disperse an assembly of whatever kind;
S.

    Isl. _biik-ar_ denotes a hive, alvear; and Teut. _bie-bock_,
_bie-buyck_, apiarium, alvearium, Kilian.  The Isl. word is probably
from Su. G. _bygg-a_, to build, part. pa. _bygdt_; q. something prepared
or built.  There seems to be no reason to doubt that the word, as used
in sense 2, is the same with that denoting a habitation.  For what is a
_byke_ or _bee-bike_, but a building or habitation of bees?


BYK, Apparently, an errat. for _byt_, bite.

  _Dunbar._


BYKAT, BEIKAT, _s._ A male salmon; so called, when come to a certain
age, because of the _beak_ which grows in his under jaw; Ang.


BILBIE, _s._ Shelter, residence; Ang.

    This, I apprehend, is a very ancient word. It may be either from
Su.G. _byle_, habitaculum, and _by_, pagus, conjoined, as denoting
residence in a village; or more simply, from _Bolby_, villa primaria;
from _bol_, praedium, and _by_, a village. Thus _bolby_ would signify a
village which has a _praedium_, or territory of its own, annexed to it.


BILEFT, _pret._ Remained, abode.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _belif-an_, superesse, to remain; Alem. _bilib-en_, Franc,
_biliu-en_, manere; Schilter.


BILGET, _adj._ Bulged, jutting out.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _bulg-ia_, to swell, whence Isl. _bylgia_, a billow.  Or,
Isl. _eg belge_, curvo; _belgia huopta_, inflare buccas.


_To_ BILL, _v. a._ To register, to record.

  _Bp. Forbes._


BILLIE, BILLY, _s._

1. A companion, a comrade.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

2. Fellow, used rather contemptuously, S. synon. _chield_, _chap_.

  _Shirrefs._

3. As a term expressive of affection and familiarity; S.

  _Ramsay._

4. A lover, one who is in suit of a woman.

  _Evergreen._

Still used in this sense, S. B.

5. A brother, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

6. Apparently used in allusion to brotherhood in arms, according to the
ancient laws of chivalry.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

7. A young man. In this sense it is often used in the pl. _The billies_,
or, _the young billies_, S. B.

It is expl. "a stout man, a clever fellow," Gl. Shirr.

8. Sometimes it signifies a boy, S. B. as synon. with _callan_.

  _Ross._

    It is probably allied to Su. G. Germ. _billig_, Belg. _billik_,
equalis; as denoting those that are on a footing as to age, rank,
relation, affection, or employment.


BILLIT, _adj._ "Shod with iron," Rudd. _Billit ax_.

  _Douglas._

    This phrase is perhaps merely a circumlocution for the _bipennis_, or
large ax.

V. ~Balax~.


BILTER, _s._ A child, Dumfr.; Isl. _pilter_, puellus.


BIN, _s._ A mountain, S. O.

  _Galloway._

    From Gael. _ben_, id., Lomond _bin_, being synon. with _Benlomond_.


BIND, BINDE, _s._

1. Dimension, size; especially with respect to circumference. A barrel
of a certain _bind_, is one of certain dimensions, S.; hence _Barrell
bind_.

  _Acts Ja. III._

2. It is used more generally to denote size in any sense.

  _Acts Marie._

3. Metaph. to denote ability. "Aboon my _bind_" beyond my power. This is
often applied to pecuniary ability; S.

    This use of the word is evidently borrowed from the idea of _binding_ a
vessel with hoops.


BINDLE, _s._ The cord or rope that binds any thing, whether made of hemp
or of straw; S.

    Su. G. _bindel_, a headband, a fillet, from _bind-as_, to bind.
Teut. _bindel_, ligamen.


BINDWOOD, _s._ The vulgar name for ivy, S.; Hedera helix, Linn.; pron.
_binwud_.

    Denominated, perhaps, from the strong hold that it takes of a wall,
a rock, trees, &c. q. the _binding wood_. It is probably the same which
is written _benwood_.

  _Statist. Acc._


BING, _s._

1. A heap in general.

  _Lyndsay._

2. A heap of grain, S.

  _Douglas._

3. A pile of wood; immediately designed as a funeral pile.

  _Douglas._

4. "A temporary inclosure or repository made of boards, twigs, or straw
ropes, for containing grain or such like;" Gl. Sibb., where it is also
written _binne_.

    Dan. _bing_, Sw. _binge_, Isl. _bing-r_, cumulus.


_To_ BYNGE, _v. n._ To cringe.

V. ~Beenge~.


_To_ BINK, _v. a._ To press down, so as to deprive any thing of its
proper shape. It is principally used as to shoes, when, by careless
wearing, they are allowed to fall down in the heels; S.

    O. Teut. _bangh-en_, premere, in angustum cogere. Sw. _bank-a_, to
beat seems allied; q. to beat down.


BINK, _s._

1. A bench, a seat; S. B.

  _Priests of Peblis._

2. A wooden frame, fixed to the wall of a house, for holding plates,
bowls, spoons, &c. Ang. It is also called a _Plate-rack_; S.

  _Colvil._


BINK, _s._ A bank, an acclivity, S. B.

  _Evergreen._

    Wachter observes that Germ. _bank_, Su. G. _baenk_, denote any kind
of eminence.

~V. Benk~.


BINWEED.

V. ~Bunwede~.


BYPTICIT, _part. pa._ Dipped or dyed.

    Lat. _baptizo_.

  _Houlate._


BIR, BIRR, _s._ Force.

    I find that Isl. _byr_, expl. ventus ferens, is deduced from
_ber-a_, ferre; Gl. Edd. Saem.

V. ~Beir~.


BIRD, BEIRD, BRID, BURD, _s._

1. A lady, a damsel.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    As _bridde_ is the word used by Chaucer for bird, it is merely the
A. S. term for pullus, pullulus.  _Bird_, as applied to a damsel,
appears to be the common term used in a metaph. sense.

2. Used, also metaph., to denote the young of quadrupeds, particularly
of the fox.

V. ~Tod's Birds~.


BYRD, _v. imp._ It behoved, it became.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _byreth_, pertinet. This imp. v. may have been formed from
_byr-an_, _ber-an_, to carry, or may be viewed as nearly allied to it.
Hence _bireth_, gestavit; Germ. _berd_, _ge-baerd_, id., _sich berd-en_,
gestum facere.  Su. G. _boer-a_, debere, pret. _borde_, anciently
_boerjade_.


BIRDING, _s._ Burden, load.

V. ~Birth, Byrth~.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _byrthen_, Dan. _byrde_, id.


BIRD-MOUTH'D, _adj._ Mealy-mouth'd, S.

  _Ramsay._


BYRE, _s._ Cowhouse, S. _Byer_, id. Cumb.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Perhaps allied to Franc. _buer_, a cottage; _byre_, Su. G. _byr_, a
village; Germ. _bauer_, habitaculum, cavea; from Su. G. _bo_, _bu-a_, to
dwell.  Or from Isl. _bu_, a cow; Gael. _bo_, id.


BIRK, _s._ Birch, a tree; S. Betula alba, Linn.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _birc_, Isl. _biorki_, Teut. _berck_, id.


_To_ BIRK, _v. n._ To give a tart answer, to converse in a sharp and
cutting way; S.

    A. S. _birc-an_, _beorc-an_, to bark, q. of a snarling humour.

Hence,


BIRKIE, _adj._ Tart, in speech, S.


BIRKY, _s._

1. A lively young fellow; a person of mettle; S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

2. _Auld Birky_, "In conversation, analogous to   _Old Boy_," Gl. Shirr.

  _Ramsay._

    Allied perhaps to Isl. _berk-ia_, jactare, to boast; or _biarg-a_,
opitulari, q. one able to give assistance.


BIRKIN, BIRKEN, _adj._ Of, or belonging to birch; S.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _beorcen_, id.


_To_ BIRL, BIRLE, _v. a._

1. This word primarily signifies the act of pouring out, or furnishing
drink for guests, or of parting it among them.

  _Douglas._

2. To ply with drink.

  _Minst. Border._

3. To drink plentifully, S.

  _Douglas._

4. To club money for the purpose of procuring drink. "I'll _birle_ my
bawbie," I will contribute my share of the expence; S.

  _Ramsay._

    In Isl. it is used in the first sense; _byrl-a_, infundere, miscere
potum.  In A. S. it occurs in sense third, _biril-ian_, _birl-ian_,
haurire.  Hence _byrle_, a butler.  Isl. _byrlar_, id. _Birle_, O. E.
has the same signification.


_To_ BIRL, _v. n._

V. ~Birr~, _v._


BIRLAW-COURT, also BIRLEY-COURT.

V. ~Burlaw~.


BIRLEY-OATS, BARLEY-OATS, _s. pl._ A species of oats, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    It seems to have received its name from its supposed resemblance to
_barley_.


BIRLIE, _s._ A loaf of bread; S. B.


BIRLIN, _s._ A small vessel used in the Western Islands.

  _Martin._

    Probably of Scandinavian origin, as Sw. _bars_ is a kind of ship;
and _berling_, a boat-staff, Seren. I am informed, however, that in
Gael. the word is written _bhuirlin_.


_To_ BIRN, _v. a._ To burn.

V. ~Bryn~.


BIRN, BIRNE, _s._ A burnt mark; S.

  _Acts Charles II._

_Skin and Birn_, a common phrase, denoting the whole of any thing, or of
any number of persons or things; S. from A. S. _byrn_, burning.

  _Acts Marie._


BIRN, _s._ A burden, S. B.

  _Ross._

To _gie_ one's _birn a hitch_, to assist him in a strait, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    An abbreviation of A. S. _byrthen_, burden; if not from C. B.
_biorn_, onus, _byrnia_, onerare; Davies.


BIRNIE, BYRNIE, _s._ A corslet, a brigandine.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _byrn_, _byrna_, Isl. _bryn_, _brynia_, Sw. _bringa_, thorax,
lorica, munimentum pectoris; probably from Isl. _bringa_, pectus.


BIRNS, _s. pl._ Roots, the stronger stems of burnt heath, which remain
after the smaller twigs are consumed; S.

    A. S. _byrn_, incendium.

  _Pennycuik._


BIRR, _s._ Force.

V. ~Beir~.


_To_ BIRR, _v. n._ To make a whirring noise, especially in motion; the
same with _birle_, S.

V. ~Beir~, _s._

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Birl~, _v. n._

1. To "make a noise like a cart driving over stones, or mill-stones at
work." It denotes a constant drilling sound, S.

  _Popular Ball._

2. Used improperly, to denote quick motion in walking, Loth.

    _Birl_ seems to be a dimin. from the v. _Birr_, used in the same
sense, formed by means of the letter _l_, a common note of diminution.


BIRS, BIRSE, BYRSS, BIRSSIS, _s._

1. A bristle, "a sow's _birse_," the bristle of a sow, S.

  _Evergreen._

2. Metaph. for the beard.

  _Knox._

3. Metaph. for the indication of rage or displeasure. "To set up one's
_birss_," to put one in a rage. The _birse_ is also said to _rise_, when
one's temper becomes warm, in allusion to animals fenced with bristles,
that defend themselves, or express their rage in this way, S.

  _Course of Conformitie._

    A. S. _byrst_, Germ. _borst_, _burst_, Su. G. _borst_, id.  Ihre
derives it from _burr_, a thistle.  Sw. _saettia up borsten_, to put one
in a rage; _borsta sig_, to give one's self airs, E. to bristle up.

~Birssy~, _adj._

1. Having bristles, rough, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Hot-tempered, easily irritated, S.

3. Keen, sharp; applied to the weather. "A _birssy_ day," a cold bleak
day, S. B.


_To_ BIRSE, BIRZE, BRIZE, _v. a._

1. To bruise, S.

  _Watson._

  _Palice of Honour._

_Brise_ is common in O. E.

2. To push or drive; _to birse in_, to push in, S.

  _Shirrefs._

    A. S. _brys-an_, Belg. _brys-en_; Ir. _bris-im_; Fr. _bris-er_, id.


BIRSE, BRIZE, _s._ A bruise, S.


_To_ BIRSLE, BIRSTLE, BRISSLE, _v. a._

1. To burn slightly, to broil, to parch by means of fire; as, _to birsle
pease_, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To scorch; referring to the heat of the sun, S.

  _Douglas._

3. To warm at a lively fire, S. A. Bor. _brusle_, id.

    Su. G. _brasa_, a lively fire; whence Isl. _brys_, ardent heat, and
_bryss-a_, to act with fervour, _ec breiske_, torreo, aduro; A. S.
_brastl_, glowing, _brastlian_, to burn, to make a crackling noise.


BIRSLE, BRISSLE, _s._ A hasty toasting or scorching, S.


BIRTH, BYRTH, _s._ Size, bulk, burden.

V. ~Burding~.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _byrd_, _byrth-ur_, _byrth-i_, Dan. _byrde_, Su. G. _boerd_,
burden; whence _byrding_, navis oneraria.  The origin is Isl. _ber-a_,
Su. G. _baer-a_, A. S. _ber-an_, _byr-an_, portare.


BIRTH, _s._ A current in the sea, caused by a furious tide, but taking a
different course from it, Orkn. Caithn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _byrdia_, currere, festinare, Verel.; as apparently signifying
a strong _current_.


BY-RUNIS, _s. pl._ Arrears.

  _Skene._

    This is formed like ~By-ganes~, q. v.


BYRUNNING, _part. pr._ Waved.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _birinn-an_, percurrere.


BISHOPRY, _s._ Episcopacy, government by diocesan bishops.

  _Apologet. Relation._

    A. S. _biscoprice_, episcopatus.


BISHOP'S FOOT. It is said, _The Bishop's foot has been in the broth_,
when they are singed, S.

    This phrase seems to have had its origin in times of Popery, when
the clergy had such extensive influence, that hardly any thing could be
done without their interference. A similar phrase is used A. Bor. "_The
bishop has set his foot in it_, a saying in the North, used for milk
that is burnt-to in boiling."


BISKET, _s._ Breast.

V. ~Brisket~.


BISM, BYSYME, BISNE, BISINE, _s._ _Abyss_, gulf.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _abysme_, Gr. αβυσσος.


BISMAR, BYSMER, _s._ A steelyard, or instrument for weighing resembling
it; sometimes _bissimar_, S. B., Orkn.

V. ~Pundlar~.

  _Barry._

    Isl. _bismari_, _besmar_, libra, trutina minor; Leg. West Goth.
_bismare_, Su. G. _besman_; Teut. _bosemer_, id. stater; Kilian. G.
Andr. derives this word from Isl. _bes_, a part of a pound weight.


BISMARE, BISMERE, _s._

1. A bawd.

  _Douglas._

2. A lewd woman, in general.

  _Douglas._

    "F. ab A. S. _bismer_, contumelia, aut _bismerian_, illudere,
dehonorare, polluere," Rudd.


BISMER, _s._ The name given to a species of stickle-back, Orkn.

  _Barry._


BISMING, BYISMING, BYISNING, BYSENING, BYSYNT, _adj._ Horrible,
monstrous.

V. ~Byssym~.

  _Douglas._


BYSPRENT, _part. pa._ Besprinkled, overspread.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _besprengh-en_, to sprinkle.


BISSARTE, BISSETTE, _s._ A buzzard, a kind of hawk.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Germ. _busert_, Fr. _bussart_, id.


_To_ BYSSE, BIZZ, _v. n._ To make a hissing noise, as hot iron plunged
into water, S.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _bies-en_, to hiss like serpents.


BISSE, BIZZ, _s._ A hissing noise, S.

  _Ferguson._


BYSSYM, BYSYM, BESUM, BYSN, BISSOME, BUSSOME, BYSNING, _s._

1. A monster.

  _Houlate._

2. A prodigy, something portentous of calamity.

  _Knox._

3. _Bysim_ is still used as a term highly expressive of contempt for a
woman of an unworthy character, S.

V. ~Bisming~.

    Mr Macpherson, vo. _Bysynt_, mentions A. S. _bysmorfull_, horrendus.
Isl. _bysmarfull_ has the same sense; _bysna_, to portend; _bysn_, a
prodigy, grande quod ac ingens, G. Andr.


BISTAYD, BISTODE, _pret._ Perhaps, surrounded.

 _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _bestod_, circumdedit, from _bestand-an_, Teut. _besteen_,
circumsistere, circumdare.


BYSTOUR, BOYSTURE, _s._ A term of contempt; the precise meaning of which
seems to be lost.

  _Polwart._

    Several similar terms occur, as Fr. _bistorié_, crooked, _boister_,
to limp; _bustarin_, a great lubber.


BIT, _s._ A vulgar term used for food, S.

_Bit and baid_, meat and clothing, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Although _baid_ be understood of clothing, I suspect that it, as
well as _bit_, originally signified food, from A. S. _bead_, a table.


BYT, _s._ The pain occasioned by a wound.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _byt_, morsus, metaph. used.


BYTESCHEIP, _s._ A contemptuous term, meant as a play on the title of
_Bishop_.

  _Semple._


BITTILL, _s._ A beetle, a heavy mallet, especially one used for beating
clothes.

  _Houlate._


_To_ BYWAUE, _v. a._ To cover, to hide, to cloak.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _bewoef-an_, Moes. G. _biwaib-jan_, id.


_To_ BIZZ, _v. n._ To hiss. V. ~Bysse~.


_To_ BIZZ, BIZZ _about_, _v. n._ To be in constant motion, to bustle, S.

    Su. G. _bes-a_, a term applied to beasts which, when beset with
wasps, drive hither and thither; Teut. _bies-en_, _bys-en_, furente ac
violento impetu agitari, Kilian.


BLA, BLAE, _adj._ Livid; a term frequently used to denote the appearance
of the skin when discoloured by a severe stroke or contusion, S.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _blaa_, Isl. _bla-r_, Germ. _blaw_, Belg. _blauw_, Franc.
_plauu_, lividus, glaucus.


_To_ BLABBER, BLABER, BLEBER, _v. n._ To babble, to speak indistinctly.

  _R. Bruce._

    Teut. _blabber-en_, confuse et inepte garrire, Jun. vo. _Blab_.

Hence,


BLABERING, _s._ Babbling.

  _Douglas._


BLACKAVICED, _adj._ Dark of the complexion, S. from _black_ and Fr.
_vis_, the visage.

  _Ramsay._


BLACK-BOYDS, _s. pl._ The name given to the fruit of the bramble, West
of S.


BLACK-BURNING, _adj._ Used in reference to shame, when it is so great as
to produce deep blushing, or to crimson the countenance, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. Isl. _blygd_, shame, blushing; _blygd-a_, to blush; q. the
burning of blushes.


BLACK-COCK, _s._ The Heath-cock, black Game, S. Tetrao tetrix, Linn. V.
Penn. Zool. p. 266. Tetrao seu Urogallus minor.--Gallus palustris
Scoticus, Gesn. Nostratibus, the _Black cock_. Sibb. Scot. p. 16.

V. ~Capercailye~.


BLACK FISH, fish when they have recently spawned.

V. ~Reid Fische~.


BLACK-FISHING, _s._ Fishing for salmon, under night, by means of
torches, S.

V. ~Leister~.

  _Statist. Acc._


BLACK-FOOT, _s._ A sort of matchmaker; one who goes between a lover and
his mistress, endeavouring to bring the fair one to compliance, S.
pronounced _black-fit_; synon. _Mush_, q. v.


BLACK-HEAD, _s._ The Powit-gull, Shetl.

  _Neill._


BLACK-MAIL.

V. ~Mail~.


BLACK PUDDING.

V. ~Mart~.


BLACK SPAUL, a disease of cattle, S.

  _Essays Highl. Soc._


BLAD, BLAUD, _s._ A large piece of any thing, a considerable portion, S.
expl. "a flat piece of any thing," Gl. Burns.

  _Polwort._

"A _blad_ of bread," is a large flat piece. "I gat a _great blad_ of
Virgil by heart;" I committed to memory a great many verses from Virgil.

To _ding in blads_, to drive in pieces.

  _Melville's MS._

    This word, as perhaps originally applied to food, may be from A. S.
_blaed_, fruit of any kind; _blaed_, _bled_, also denoted _pot-herbs_;
Ir. _bladh_, a part; _bladh-am_, I break.

_Blads and dawds_, is still the designation given to large leaves of
greens boiled whole, in a sort of broth, Aberd. Loth.


BLAD, _s._ A person who is of a soft constitution; whose strength is not
in proportion to his size or looks; often applied to a young person, who
has become suddenly tall, but is of a relaxed habit, S. B.

    Allied, perhaps, to A. S. _blaed_, as denoting, either the boughs or
leaves of trees, or growing corn; as both often shoot out so rapidly as
to give the idea of weakness; or, to Germ. _blode_, the original sense
of which is, weak, feeble.


BLAD, _s._ A portfolio, S. B.

    As the E. word is comp. of Fr. _porter_, to carry, and _feuille_, a
leaf; the S. term has a similar origin, being evidently from Su. G.
_blad_, A. S. _blaed_, folium.


_To_ BLAD.

1. Used impers. "Its _bladdin on o' weet_," the rain is driving on; a
phrase that denotes intermitting showers accompanied with squalls, S.

2. To abuse, to maltreat in whatever way. Aberd. Corn is said to be
_bladdit_, when overthrown by wind.

3. To slap, to strike; to drive by striking, or with violence, S. _Dad_,
synon.

  _Evergreen._

    Germ. _blodern_ is used in the first sense. _Es blodert_, it storms
and snows; also, _blat-en_, to blow. Isl. _blaegt-a_ indeed signifies,
to be moved by the wind, motari aura; O. Fr. _plaud-er_, to bang, to
maul.


BLAD, _s._ A squall; always including the idea of rain, S. A heavy fall
of rain is called "a _blad_ of weet," S. B.

~Bladdy~, _adj._ Inconstant, unsettled; applied to the weather. "A
_bladdy_ day," is one alternately fair and foul.


BLAD, _s._ A dirty spot on the cheek, S. perhaps q. the effect of a
blow, Gael. _blad_, however, is synon.


BLADARIE, _s._ Perhaps, vain glory.

  _R. Bruce._

    Teut. _blaeterije_, jactantia, vaniloquentia.


BLADDERAND, BLADDRAND.

V. ~Blether~.


BLADE, _s._ The leaf of a tree, S.

    A. S. _blaed_, _bled_; Su. G.  Isl.  Belg. _blad_, Germ. _blat_,
Alem. _plat_, id.; perhaps the part. pa. of A. S. _blew-an_, _blow-an_,
florere, to bud, to burgeon; _blaewed_, q. what is _blowed_, or shot
forth; just as Franc. _bluat_, flos, is from _bly-en_, florere.


BLADOCH, BLEDOCH, BLADDA, s. Butter-milk, S. B.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Ir. _bladhach_, Gael. _blath-ach_, id. C. B. _blith_, milk in
general.


BLADRY, _s._ Expl. "trumpery."

  _Kelly._

It may be either the same with _Bladarie_, or _Blaidry_, q. v.


BLAE, BLAY, _s._ The rough parts of wood left in consequence of boring
or sawing, S. B.

    Germ. _bleh_, thin leaves or plates; lamina, bracteola; Wachter.


BLAES, _s. pl._ Apparently, lamina of stone, S.

  _Law Case._


BLAE, _adj._ Livid.

V. ~Bla~.


BLAE-BERRY, _s._ The Billberry; Vaccinium myrtillus, Linn.

  _Ramsay._

    Sw. _bla-baer_, vaccinium, Seren. Isl. _blaber_, myrtilli; G. Andr.


_To_ BLAFLUM, _v. a._ To beguile, S.

V. ~Bleflum~.

  _Ramsay._


BLAIDRY, _s._ Nonsense.

V. ~Blether~, _v._


BLAIDS, _s. pl._

  _Watson's Coll._

    A. S. _blaedr_, Su. G. _blaedot_, and Germ. _blater_, denote a
pimple, or swelling with many reddish pimples that eat and spread.  A.
S. _blaecth_, leprosy.


BLAIN, _s._ A mark left by a wound, the discolouring of the skin after a
sore, S.

  _Rutherford._

    A. S. _blegene_, Belg. _bleyne_, pustula. But our term is more
closely allied to Isl. _blina_, which is not only rendered _pustula_,
but also, _caesio ex verbere_; G. Andr. Germ. _blae-en_, to swell.


BLAIN, _s._ A blank, a vacancy.

_A blain in a field_, a place where the grain has not sprung, Loth.

    Probably a metaph. use of the preceding word.


BLAIR, _s._ That part of flax which is afterwards used in manufacture,
properly after it has been steeped, and laid out for being dried; for it
is subsequently called _lint_, S. This in E. is denominated _harle_.

    Sw. _blaer_, hards of flax; but rather from Isl. _blaer_, aura,
because it is thus exposed to the drought.


_To_ BLAIR, _v. n._ To become dry by exposure to the drought, Ang.


BLAIRIN, _s._ The ground appropriated for drying flax, Ang.

This term also denotes the ground on which peats are laid out to be
dried, ibid.


BLAIRAND, _part. pr._ Roaring, crying. Teut. _blaer-en_, mugire, Gl.
Sibb.


BLAIT, _adj._ Naked, bare.

  _Pr. of Peblis._


BLAIT, BLATE, _adj._

1. Bashful, sheepish, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Blunt, unfeeling; a secondary sense.

  _Douglas._

3. Curt, rough, uncivil.

  _Spalding._

4. Easily deceived.

  _Gl. Surv. Nairn._

    O. E. _blade_, silly, frivolous; or in the same sense in which we
now speak of a blunt reason or excuse. Isl. _blaad-ur_, _blauth-ur_,
_blaud_, soft.  The word seems to be primarily applied to things which
are softened by moisture.  Mollis, limosus, maceratus.  Hence used to
signify what is feminine; as opposed to _huat-ar_, masculine.  It also
signifies, timid.  _Bleyde_, softness, fear, shame; _hugbleith_,
softness of mind; Germ. Su. G. _blode_, Belg. _blood_, mollis, timidus.


BLAIT-MOUIT, _adj._ Bashful, sheepish, q. ashamed to open one's mouth.


BLAITIE-BUM, s. Simpleton, stupid fellow.

  _Lyndsay._

    If this be the genuine orthography, perhaps from Teut. _blait_,
vaniloquus; or rather, blait, sheepish, and _bomme_, tympanum.  But it
is generally written _Batie-bum_, q. v.


BLAK _of the_ EIE, the apple of the eye, S.

  _R. Bruce._


BLAN, _pret._ Caused to cease.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    It is undoubtedly the pret. of _blin_; A. S. _blan_, _blann_,
cessavit.


BLANCHART, _adj._ White.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Fr. _blanc_, _blanche_, id. The name _blanchards_ is given to a kind
of linen cloth the yarn of which has been twice bleached, before it was
put into the loom; perhaps immediately from Teut. _blancke_, id. and
_aerd_, Belg. _aardt_, nature.

V. ~Art~.


BLANCIS, _s. pl._ Ornaments worn by those who represented Moors, in the
Pageant exhibited at Edinburgh, A. 1590.

  _Watson's Coll._

    If not allied to Fr. _blanc_, white, it may be a cognate of Germ.
Su. G. _blaess_, Isl. _bles_, signum album in fronte equi; whence E.
_blason_, S. _Bawsand_, q. v.


BLAND, _s._ Some honourable piece of dress worn by knights and men of
rank.

  _Maitland Poems._

    _Blanda_, according to Bullet, is a robe adorned with purple, a robe
worn by grandees.  Su. G. _blyant_, _bliant_, a kind of precious garment
among the ancients, which seems to have been of silk.


_To_ BLAND, _v. a._ To mix, to blend.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. Isl. _bland-a_, to mix.


BLANDED BEAR, barley and common bear mixed, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    From Su. G. _bland-a_ is formed _blan-saed_, meslin or mixed corn.


BLAND, _s._ A drink used in the Shetland Islands.

  _Brand._

    Isl. _blanda_, cinnus, mixtura, pro potu, aqua mixto; Su. G. _bland_
dicebatur mel aqua permixtum.


_To_ BLANDER, _v. a._

1. To babble, to diffuse any report, such especially as tends to injure
the character of another, S.

2. Sometimes used to denote the want of regard to truth in narration; a
thing very common with tattlers, S. B.

    Perhaps from Isl. _bland-a_, Dan. _bland-er_, to mingle, as denoting
the blending of truth with falsehood.


BLANDIT, _part. pa._ Flattered, soothed.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _blander_, to soothe, Lat. _blandiri_.


_To_ BLASH, _n. a._ To soak, to drench. "To _blash_ one's stomach," to
drink too copiously of any weak and diluting liquor; S.

V. ~Plash~.

    Perhaps radically the same with _plash_, from Germ. _platz-en_.


BLASH, _s._ A heavy fall of rain; S.


BLASHY, _adj._ Deluging, sweeping away by inundation; S.

  _Ramsay._

_Blashy_, "thin, poor; Northumb."


BLASNIT, _adj._ Perhaps, bare, bald, without hair.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Germ. _bloss_, bare, _bloss-en_, to make bare; or rather, Teut.
_bles_, calvus, whence _blesse_, frons capillo nuda.


BLASOWNE, _s._

1. Dress over the armour, on which the armorial bearings were blazoned.

  _Wyntown._

2. The badge of office worn by a king's messenger on his arm, S.

  _Erskine._

    Germ. _blaesse_ denotes a sign in general. Thence _blazon_, a term
marking that sign, in heraldry, which is peculiar to each family. The
origin seems to be Su. G. _blaesse_.

V. ~Bawsand~.


_To_ BLAST, _v. n._

1. To pant, to breathe hard, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. To smoke tobacco, S. B.

3. To blow with a wind instrument.

  _Gawan and Gol._

4. To boast, to speak in an ostentatious manner. S.

    Su. G _blaas-a_, inspirare, Germ. _blas-en_, flare. Isl. _blast-ur_,
halitus, flatus.

Hence,


BLAST, _s._ A brag, a vain boast, S.

  _Z. Boyd._


BLASTER, _s._ A boaster; also, one who speaks extravagantly in
narration, S.


BLASTIE, _s._ "A shrivelled dwarf; a term of contempt," S. q. what is
_blasted_.

  _Burns._


_To_ BLAST, v. a. To blow up with gunpowder.

  _Statist. Acc._


BLASTER. One who is employed to blow up stones with gunpowder; S.

  _Pennant._


BLATE, _adj._ Bashful.

V. ~Blait~.


_To_ BLATHER, _v. n._ To talk nonsensically.


BLATHER, _s._

V. ~Blether~.


BLATTER, _s._ A rattling noise; S.

  _Ramsay._

    Lat. _blater-are_, Teut. _blater-en_, stultè loqui.


BLAUCHT, _adj._ Pale, livid.

  _Palace of Hon._

    A. S. _blac_, _blaec_; Su. G. _blek_, Isl. _bleik-r_, E. _bleak_,
pallidus. A. S. _blac-ian_, Su. G. _blek-na_, to wax pale.


BLAVING, BLAUING, _s._ Blowing.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _blawan byman_, buccina canere.


BLAW, _s._ A blow, a stroke.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _blaew-en_, caedere. _Blaw_ is used in this sense. Gl.
Westmorel.


_To_ BLAW, _v._ Used both as _a._ and _n._

1. To blow; in a literal sense referring to the wind. S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _blaw-an_, flare.

2. To breathe, S.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

3. To publish, to make known. S.

  _Burel._

E. _blow_ is used in the same sense.

4. To brag, to boast, S. _Blast_, synon.

  _Barbour._

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _blaw_, falsus, mendax, dolosus. Teut. _blas-en_, flare et
nimiis vanisque laudibus rem efferre, ac inani flatu infarcire.

5. To magnify in narration, especially from a principle of ostentation,
S.

6. To flatter, to coax.

  _Baillie._

S. Prov. "Ye first burn me, and then _blaw_ me."

7. To _blaw_ in one's _lug_, to cajole or flatter a person, so as to be
able to guide him at will, S.

  _Nicol Burne._

_To blow in the ear_, id. O. E.

    Su. G. _blaas-a_, to instil evil counsel. Teut. _oor-blaesen_, not
only signifies, in aurem mussare, sive mussitare, obgannire in aurem;
but is rendered, blandiri.

8. To huff a man at draughts. _I blaw_, or _blow you_, I take this man,
S.

    Su. G. _blaas-a_, to blow, is used in this very sense. _Blaasa bort
en bricka i damspel_, Seren.

9. To _blaw appin_ locks or bolts, and to loose fetters, by means of a
magical power ascribed to the breath, S.

  _Satan's Invisible World._

10. _To blaw out_ on one, to reproach him.

  _Wallace._


BLAW, _s._

1. A blast, a gust, S. Rudd.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. The sound emitted by a wind instrument.

3. A falsehood, a lie told from ostentation. _He tells greit blaws_, S.
B.

  _Ramsay._


BLAW, _s._ A pull, a draught; a cant term, used among topers, S.

  _Ferguson._


BLAWN COD, a split cod, half-dried, Ang.; so denominated, perhaps,
because exposed for some time to the _wind_.


BLAWORT, _s._ The Blue bottle; Centaurea cyanus, Linn., S.
_Witch-bells_, also _Thumbles_, S. B.

  _Neill._

    From _bla_, livid, q. v. and _wort_, an herb.


BLAZE, _s._ The name given to allum ore, S.


BLE, BLIE, _s._ Complexion, colour.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    This word is common in O. E.  A. S. _bleoh_, _blio_, color.


_To_ BLEACH _down_, or _along_, _v. n._ To fall flat to the ground.
_Bleach_ is also used to denote a fall of this description, Loth.

    Perhaps from Isl. _blak-a_, verberare; as denoting the effect of a
violent blow.


BLEACH, _s._ A blow, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._

  _Poems Buchan Dialect._


_To_ BLEAD, _v. a._ Apparently, to train, or to lead on to the chace.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Alem. _blait-en_, _beleit-en_, comitari, conducere.


BLEAR, _s._ Something that obscures the sight.

V. ~Bleiris~.

  _Ross._


_To_ BLECK, BLEK, _v. a._

1. To blacken, literally, S.

  _Polwart._

2. To injure one's character.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

3. To cause moral pollution.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    A. S. _blaec-an_, denigrare.  Isl. _blek_, liquor tinctorius.


_To_ BLECK, _v. a._ To puzzle, to reduce to a nonplus, in an examination
or disputation, S.

    Germ. _black-en_, _plack-en_, vexare, exagitare.


_To_ BLEEZE, _v. n._

1. To become a little sour. Milk is said to _bleeze_, or to be
_bleezed_, when it is turned, but not congealed, S.; _blink_, synon.

    From Germ. _blaes-en_, to blow; or, _blitz-en_, fulgurare; heat,
especially when accompanied by lightning, more generally producing this
effect.

2. The part. _bleezed_ signifies the state of one on whom intoxicating
liquor begins to operate, S. It especially denotes the change produced
in the expression of the countenance; as, _He looked bleezed-like_.


BLED, _part. pa._ Perhaps, sprung.

  _Gawan and Gol._


BLEFLUM, BLEPHUM, _s._ A sham, an illusion, what has no reality in it,
S.

V. ~Blaflum~, _v._

  _Rutherford._

    Isl. _flim_, irrisio, carmen famosum.  Hence _flimt-a_, diffamo,
_flimt_, nugae infames, G. Andr. p. 74.  Su. G. _flimm-a_, illudere.


BLEHAND, BLIHAND, _adj._

  _Sir Trist._

    "_Blue_, from _bleah_, Sax. _caeruleus_. Blehand brown. A bluish
brown," Gl. The word is merely A. S. _blae-hewen_ a little transformed.
The idea seems, "a brownish colour, inclining to purple or violet."


BLEIB, _s._

1. A pustule, a blister. "A burnt _bleib_," a blister caused by burning,
S.

_Bleb_, a blister, A. Bor. Gl. Grose.

2. _Bleibs_, _pl._ An eruption to which children are subject, in which
the spots appear larger than in the measles; Loth. Border.

V. ~Blob~.


BLEIRIE, _adj._ A term applied to weak liquor, which has little or no
strength; as _bleirie ale_, Fife.


BLEIRING, _part. pa._ _Bleiring Bats_.

  _Polwart._

    This seems to be the _botts_, a disease in horses.  _Bleiring_ may
express the effect of pain in making the patient to cry out; Teut.
_blaer-en_, boare, mugire.


BLEIRIS, _s. pl._ Something that prevents distinctness of vision.

  _Philotus._

    This is the same with _blear_, _s._ only used in the _pl._  Ihre
mentions E. _blear-eyed_, as allied to Su. G. _blir-a_, _plir-a_, oculis
semiclausis videre.


BLEIS, BLES, BLESS, BLEISE, _s._

1. Blaze, bright flame, S. B.

  _Barbour._

2. A torch, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _blaese_, fax, taeda, a torch, any thing that makes a blaze,
Su. G. _bloss_, id. Somn.

3. A signal made by fire, S.


BLEIS, _s._ The name given to a river-fish.

  _Sibbald._

    This seems to be what in E. is called _Bleak_, Cyprinus alburnus,
Linn.


BLELLUM, _s._ An idle talking fellow, Ayrs.

  _Burns._


_To_ BLEME, _v. n._ To bloom, to blossom.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


BLEMIS, _s. pl._ Blossoms, flowers.

  _Houlate._

    Belg. _bloem_, Isl. _bloma_, Alem. _bluom_, flos, flosculus.  Teut.
_bloem-en_, florere.


_To_ BLENK, BLINK, _v. n._

1. To open the eyes, as one does from a slumber, S.

  _Barbour._

2. To throw a glance on one, especially as expressive of regard, S.

  _Ross._

3. To look with a favourable eye; used metaph. in allusion to the
shining of the sun, after it has been covered with a cloud.

V. ~Blink~, _v._

  _Baillie._

    Belg. _blenck-en_, _blinck-en_, Su. G. _blaenk-a_, to shine, to
glance, to flash as lightning.


BLENK, BLINK, _s._

1. A beam, a ray.

  _Douglas._

2. "A glimpse of light," S. Sir J. Sinclair's Observ. p. 113.

3. Hence transferred to the transient influence of the rays of the sun,
especially in a cold or cloudy day. Thus it is common to speak of "a
warm _blink_," "a clear blink," S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

4. A gleam of prosperity, during adversity.

  _Godscroft._

5. Also transferred to a glance, a stroke of the eye, or transient view
of any object; the idea being borrowed, either from the quick
transmission of the rays of light, or from the short-lived influence of
the sun when the sky is much obscured with clouds, S.

  _Douglas._

6. A kindly glance, a transient glance expressive of regard, S.

  _Burns._

7. A moment. "I'll not stay a _blink_," I will return immediately. _In a
blink_, in a moment, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _blink_, _oegonblink_, is a glance, a cast of the eye, oculi
nictus; Germ. _blick_, Belg. _blik_, _oogenblik_, id.; the twinkling of
the eye, a moment.


BLENT, _pret._ Glanced, expressing the quick motion of the eye.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Perhaps allied to Su. G. _bliga_, _blia_, intentis oculis aspicere,
q. _bligent_.


BLENT, _s._ A glance.

  _Douglas._


BLENT, _pret._ Lost, as applied to sight.

  _King's Quair._

    Perhaps from A. S. _blent_, the part. of A. S. _blend-ian_, caecare,
used in a neuter sense; or from A. S. _blinn-an_, cessare, whence
_blind_, deficiens.


BLENTER, _s._ A flat stroke; Fife.

    Alem. _bliuun_, to strike; _bliuenti_, percutiens, striking;
Schilter.  Moes. G. _bliggwan_, id.


_To_ BLETHER, BLATHER, _v. n._

1. To speak indistinctly, to stammer, S. pron. like _fair_.

2. To prattle, S.

    Su. G. _bladdr-a_, Germ, _plauder-n_, to prattle, to chatter, to
jabber; Teut. _blater-en_, stultè loqui; Lat. _blater-are_, to babble.


_To_ BLETHER, BLATHER, BLADDER, _v. a._ To talk nonsensically, S.

  _Lyndsay._


BLETHERAND, _pret._

  _Fordun._

    Allied perhaps to Teut. _blater-en_, _blaeter-en_, proflare fastum,
gloriari.


BLETHER, BLATHER, _s._ Nonsense, foolish talk, S.; often used in pl.

  _Hamilton._


BLAIDRY, _s._ Nonsense, foolish talk.

  _Ramsay._


BLEW. _To look blew_, to seem disconcerted. It conveys both the idea of
astonishment and of gloominess, S.

  _Peblis to the Play._

_Blew_, S. is often synon. with _blae_, livid.


BLICHAM, _s._ (gutt.) A contemptuous designation for a person, Perths.


BLICHT, _adj._ An epithet expressive of the coruscation of armour, in
the time of action.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _blic-an_, coruscare; _blect_, coruscatus. Alem. _blechet_,
Germ. _blicket_, splendet.


_To_ BLIN, BLYN, BLYNE, _v. n._ To cease, to desist, S.; also _blind_.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _blinn-an_, cessare, contr. from _bilinn-an_, id.  In Isl. and
Su. G. it occurs in its simple form, _linn-a_, also, _lind-a_, id.


_To_ BLIN, _v. a._ To cause to cease.

  _Chron. S. Poet._


BLIND HARIE, Blind man's buff, S. _Belly-blind_, synon.

  _Herd._

    In the Scandinavian _Julbock_, from which this sport seems to have
originated, the principal actor was disguised in the skin of a _buck_ or
_goat_.  The name _Blind Harie_ might therefore arise from his rough
attire; as he was called _blind_, in consequence of being blindfolded.
Or it may signify, _Blind Master_, or _Lord_, in ironical language.

V. ~Herie~.


BLIND MAN'S BALL, or _Devil's snuff-box_, Common puff-ball, S. V. Flor.
Suec.

  _Lightfoot._

    It is also called _Blind man's een_, i. e. eyes, S. B.  An idea,
according to Linn., prevails throughout the whole of Sweden, that the
dust of this plant causes _blindness_.


BLYNDIT, _pret._ Blended.

  _Gawan and Gol._


BLINDLINS, BLYNDLINGIS, _adv._ Having the eyes closed, hoodwinked. It
denotes the state of one who does any thing as if he were blind, S.

V. ~Lingis~ Germ.  Dan. _blindlings_, id.

  _Douglas._


BLINDS, _s. pl._ The Pogge, or Miller's Thumb, a fish, _Cottus
Cataphractus_, Linn. West of S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Perhaps it receives this name, because its eyes are very small.


To BLINK, _v. n._

1. To become a little sour; a term used with respect to milk or beer, S.
_Bleeze_, synon.

  _Chr. Kirk._

2. To be _blinkit_, to be half drunk, Fife.

    Su. G. _blaenk-a_, Germ. _blink-en_, coruscare, to shine, to flash,
to lighten; q. struck with lightning, which, we know, has the effect of
making liquids sour; or as denoting that of sunshine, or of the heat of
the weather.


BLINNYNG, _part. pr._ Leg. _Blumyng_.

  _Maitland Poems._


BLYPE, _s._ A coat, a shred; applied to the skin, which is said to come
off _in blypes_, when it _peels_ in coats, or is rubbed off, in shreds;
S.

  _Burns._

    Perhaps radically the same with _Flype_, q. v. or a different pron.
of _Bleib_.


_To_ BLIRT, _v. n._ To make a noise in weeping, to cry. It is generally
joined with _Greet_. To _blirt and greet_, i. e. to burst out a-crying,
S.

  _Kelly._

    Germ. _blaerr-en_, _plarr-en_, mugire, rugire. Perhaps E. _blurt_ is
also radically allied.


BLIRT, _s._ The action expressed by the v. "A _blirt_ of greeting," a
violent burst of tears, accompanied with crying, S. B.


To BLITHE, BLYTHE, _v. a._ To make glad.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _bliths-ian_, laetari; Alem. _blid-en_, gaudere.  But perhaps
our v. is immediately formed from the adj.


BLITHEMEAT, _s._ The meat distributed among those who are present at the
birth of a child, or among the rest of the family, S. pronounced
_blyidmeat_, Ang. as the adj. itself, _blyd_, _blyid_.

    I need not say, that this word has its origin from the _happiness_
occasioned by a safe delivery.


BLYVARE. Perhaps for _Blyther_, more cheerful.

  _Houlate._


BLYWEST, _adj._ in the superl.

  _Houlate._

    "Blythest, most merry," Gl. Perhaps it rather refers to colour; q.
the palest.


_To_ BLIZZEN, _v. a._ Drought is said to be _blizzening_, when the wind
parches and withers the fruits of the earth, S. B.

    Su. G. _blas-a_, Germ. _blas-en_, A. S. _blaes-an_, to blow.


BLOB, BLAB, _s._ Any thing tumid or circular, S.

1. A small globe or bubble of any liquid.

  _Bellenden._

2. A blister, or that rising of the skin which is the effect of a
blister or of a stroke, S.

  _Gl. Complaynt._

3. A large gooseberry; so called from its globular form, or from the
softness of its skin, S.

4. A blot, a spot; as "a _blab_ of ink," S. denominated perhaps from its
circular form.

    Radically the same word with _Bleib_, q. v.


BLOBBIT, _part. pa._ Blotted, blurred.

V. ~Blob~.

  _Acts Ja. I._


_To_ BLOCK, _v. a._ To plan, to devise.

  _Baillie._

    Teut. _block-en_, assiduum esse in studiis, in opere, in ergastulo;
a sense evidently borrowed from a workman, who _blocks_ out his work
roughly, before he begins to give it a proper form.


BLOIK, BLOK, BLOCK, _s._

1. A scheme, a contrivance; generally used in a bad sense.

  _Douglas._

2. A bargain, an agreement.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


BLOCKER, _s._ A term formerly used in S. to denote a broker; q. one who
plans and accomplishes a bargain.

  _Minsheu._


BLOISENT, _part. pa._ One is said to have a _bloisent face_, when it is
red, swollen, or disfigured, whether by intemperance, or by being
exposed to the weather; Ang.

    This appears to be radically the same with E. _blowze_; "sun-burnt,
high-coloured;" Johns.  Teut. _blose_, rubor, purpurissum, redness, the
colour of purple; _blos-en_, rubescere; _blosende wanghen_, rubentes
genae, purpled cheeks.


_To_ BLOME, BLUME, _v. n._ To shine, to gleam.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _blomm-a_, to flourish; E. _bloom_, used metaph.: or perhaps
from A. S. _be_, a common prefix, and _leom-an_ to shine, as _gleam_ is
from _geleom-an_, id.


BLONK, BLOUK, _s._ A steed, a horse,

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Alem. _planchaz_, equus pallidus, hodie _blank_; Schilter. Thus
_blonk_ may have originally meant merely a _white_ horse, q. Fr. _blanc_
cheval.


BLONKS, _s. pl._

  _King Hart._

    If this does not denote horses, as above, it may mean _blocks_ of
wood.


BLOUT, _adj._ Bare, naked.

V. ~Blait~.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. Isl. _blott_, Belg. _bloot_, id. The tautological phrase
_blott och bar_ is used in Sw.


BLOUT, _s._

1. The sudden breaking of a storm, S. _Bloutenin_, Clydesd.

2. "A _blout_ of foul weather," a sudden fall of rain, snow or hail,
accompanied with wind, S.

3. A sudden eruption of a liquid substance, accompanied with noise, S.

    Probably allied to Su. G. _bloet_, humidus; _bloeta waegar_, viae
humidae.


BLUBBER, BLUBBIR, _s._ A bubble of air, S.

V. ~Blob~.

  _Henrysone._


_To_ BLUDDER, BLUTHER, _v. a._

1. To blot paper in writing, to disfigure any writing, S.

    Su. G. _pluttra_, incuriose scribere; Moes. G. _blothjan_, irritum
reddere.

2. To disfigure the face with weeping, or in any other way, S.

  _Ross. Cleland._


_To_ BLUDDER, BLUTHER, _v. n._ To make a noise with the mouth in taking
any liquid, S.


BLUE BONNETS, BLUE BOTTLES, S. Centaurea cyanus, Linn.

  _Lightfoot._


BLUE-GOWN, _s._ The name commonly given to a pensioner, who, annually,
on the King's birth-day, receives a certain sum of money, and a _blue
gown_ or cloak, which he wears with a badge on it, S.

V. ~Bedeman~.


BLUFFLEHEADED, _adj._ Having a large head, accompanied with the
appearance of dulness of intellect, S.; perhaps from E. _bluff_.


BLUIDVEIT, BLUIDWYTE, _s._ A fine paid for effusion of blood.

  _Skene. Reg. Maj._

    A. S. _blodwite_, pro effuso sanguine mulcta; from _blod_, sanguis,
and _wite_, poena, mulcta.


_To_ BLUITER, _v. n._

1. To make a rumbling noise; to blurt, S.

2. _To bluiter up_ with water, to dilute too much, S.

3. To blatter, to pour forth lame, harsh, and unmusical rhymes.

  _Polwart._

    Germ. _plaudern_, nugari et mentiri, _plauderei_, mixta nugis
mendacia.  In sense 2. it seems to be merely a dimin. from _Blout_,
q. v.


BLUITER, BLUTTER, _s._

1. A rumbling noise; as that sometimes made by the intestines, S.

2. Apparently used to denote filth in a liquid state.

  _Cleland._


_To_ BLUME, _v. n._ To blossom, S. _bloom_, E.


_To_ BLUNK, _v. a._ To spoil a thing, to mismanage any business, S.

Hence,


BLUNKIT, BLINKIT, _part. pa._ "Injured by mismanagement, or by some
mischievous contrivance," Gl. Sibb.


BLUNKET, _s._ Expl. "Pale blue; perhaps any faint or faded colour; q.
_blanched_." Sibb.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._


BLUNT, _adj._ Stripped, bare, naked.

  _Douglas._

    This seems to be radically the same with _Blout_, q. v.


BLUNTIE, _s._ A sniveller, a stupid fellow, S.

  _Burns._


BLUP, _s._ One who makes a clumsy or awkward appearance; Loth. It is
apparently the same with _Flup_, q. v.


_To_ BLUSTER, _v. a._ To disfigure in writing.

V. ~Bludder~, _v._

  _Baillie._


BLUTE, _s._ An action; used in a bad sense. _A fuil blute_, a foolish
action, S. B. perhaps the same with _Blout_, q. v.


BOAKIE, _s._ A sprite, a hobgoblin, Aberd. Shetl.

    Norw. _bokje_, Isl. _bocke_, _bokki_, vir grandis et magnificus. In
Sanscrit _buka_ is the name of an evil spirit. O. Teut. _bokene_,
phantasma, spectrum.


BOAL, BOLE, _s._

1. A square aperture in the wall of a house, for holding small articles;
a small press generally without a door; S. This is most common in
cottages.

  _Ramsay._

2. A perforation through the wall of a house, for occasionally giving
air or light; usually with a wooden shutter instead of a pane of glass,
S.


BOARDTREES, _s. pl._ A term used for the plank on which a corpse is
stretched; S. B.


_To_ BOAST, BOIST, _v. a._ To threaten.

V. ~Boist~.


_To_ BOB, BAB, _v. n._ To dance, S.

  _Herd._


BOB, _s._ Gust, blast.

V. ~Bub~.


BOB, _s._

1. A bunch; used as synon. with _cow_, S.

  _Priests of Peblis._

2. The same word, pronounced _bab_, is used for a bundle of flowers, a
nosegay.

    S. Fr. _bube_, a bunch; Isl. _bobbe_, a knot.


BOB, _s._ A mark, a but, S.; either q. a small bunch set up as a mark,
or, from the sense of the E. v., something to strike at.


BOB, _s._ A taunt, a scoff, S. B.

    Teut. _babb-en_, to prate; Isl. _komenn i bobba_, os correptum, _at
bobsa_, babare (to bark,) canum vox est.  Su. G. _babe_, sermo
inconditus.


BOBBY, _s._ A grandfather, S. B.

  _Ross._


BOBBYN, _s._ The seed-pod of birch, Loth.

    Fr. _bubon_, a great bunch.

  _Evergreen._


BOBBINS, _s._ The water-lily, S. B. _Bobbins_ are properly the
seed-vessels.

V. ~Cambie-leaf~.


BOCE; Burel, Watson's Coll. ii. 26.

V. ~Boss~.


_To_ BOCK, _v. a._ To vomit.

V. ~Bok~.


BOCK-BLOOD, _s._ A spitting, or throwing up of blood.

  _Polwart._


BOD, _s._ A person of small size, a term generally applied, somewhat
contemptuously, to one who is dwarfish, although of full age, S.


_To_ BODE, _v. a._ To proffer, often as implying the idea of some degree
of constraint. "He did na merely offer, but he _boded_ it on me;" S.


BODEN, _part. pa._ Preferred.


BODE, BOD, _s._ An offer made in order to a bargain, a proffer, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Germ. _bot_, id. from _biet-en_, to offer. Isl. _bud_, a proffer,
from _bioth-a_, offerre, exhibere, praebere.


BODE, _s._ Delay.

 _Sir Egeir._


BODDUM, _s._

1. Bottom.

  _Douglas._

2. Hollow, valley.

  _Douglas._

    Alem. _bodem_, Germ. Belg. _boden_, solum, fundus.


BODEN, _part. pa._ Proffered.

V. ~Bode~, _v._


BODEN, BODIN, BODYN, _part. pa._

1. Prepared, provided, furnished, in whatever way, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

_Weil-boden_, or _ill-boden_, well, or ill provided in whatever respect,
S.

2. It seems to be used, in one instance, in an oblique sense, as
signifying matched.

V. ~Boun~.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _bo_, Isl. _bo-a_, to prepare, to provide; _wael bodd_, well
provided against the cold.


BODY, _s._ Strength, bodily ability.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _bodig_ not only signifies the body in general, but stature.


BODLE, BODDLE, _s._ A copper coin, of the value of two pennies Scots, or
the third part of an English penny.

  _Rudd._

    These pieces are said to have been denominated from a mint-master
of the name of _Bothwell_.


BODWORD, BODWART, BODWORDE, _s._ A message, S. B.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _boda_, a messenger, and _word_. Su. G. Isl. _bodword_ is
edictum, mandatum.


BOETINGS, BUITINGS, _s. pl._ Half-boots, or leathern spatterdashes.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _boten schoen_, calceus rusticus e crudo corio; Kilian.


BOGGARDE, _s._ A bugbear.

  _Rollocke._

    A. Bor. _boggart_, a spectre. C. B. _bwg_, larva, terriculamentum.


BOGILL, BOGLE, _s._

1. A spectre, a hobgoblin, S. A. Bor.

  _Douglas._

2. A scarecrow, a bugbear, S. synon. _doolie_, _cow_; being used in both
senses.

    C. B. _bugul_, fear, _bwgwly_, to frighten.


BOGILL _about the stacks_, or simply, _Bogle_, a play of children or
young people, in which one hunts several others around the stacks of
corn in a barn-yard, S.

  _Ritson._

    It seems the same game with that called _Barley-bracks_, q. v. The
name has probably originated from the idea of the huntsman employed
being a scarecrow to the rest.


BOGILL-BO, _s._

1. A hobgoblin or spectre, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A pettish humour.

  _Philotus._

    In Lincolnsh. this word is used for a scarecrow, from _bogill_, or
C. B. _bogel-u_, to affright, and _bo_, a hobgoblin, q. "the affrighting
goblin."


_To_ BOGG-SCLENT, _v. n._ Apparently, to avoid action, to abscond in the
day of battle.

  _Colvil._

    Perhaps in allusion to him who _sklents_ or strikes off obliquely
from the highway, into a _bog_, to avoid being taken prisoner.


BOGSTALKER, _s._ An idle, wandering, and stupid fellow; one who seems to
have little to do, and no understanding, S.

V. ~Stalker~.

  _Ramsay._

    Borrowed perhaps from outlaws, who were seen at a distance hunting
in marshy places, where pursuit was more difficult.


BOID, _s._

  _Maitland Poems._

    Isl. _bode_, a term used to denote a wave agitated by the wind;
unda maris cum vadosis scopulis luctans.


BOIN, BOYN, BOYEN, BOWYNE, _s._

1. A washing-tub, S. B.

2. A flat broad-bottomed vessel, into which milk is emptied from the
pail, a _bowyne_, Loth.

    Unless from Isl. _boginn_, curvus, or Dan. _bugn-e_, to bend, as
respecting its form; I can offer no conjecture as to the origin.


BOYIS, _s._ _In boyis_, in fetters.

  _Barbour._

    Teut. _boeye_, compes, pedica, vinculum; _boey-en_ compedire.


BOIS, _adj._ Hollow.

V. ~Bos~.


BOISSES.

V. ~Boss~.

  _Knox's Hist._


_To_ BOIST, BOAST, _v. a._ To threaten, to endeavour to terrify, S.

  _Douglas._

    C. B. _bost-io_, to vaunt one's self; _bost_, vaunting.


BOIST, BOST, _s._ Threatening, S.

  _Wallace._


BOIT, _s._ A cask or tub used for the purpose of curing butcher-meat, or
for holding it after it is cured; sometimes called a _beef-boat_, S.

  _Ruddiman._

    Germ. _butte_; Ital. _botte_, id., whence E. _butt_.  Su. G.
_byttia_, situla, cupa; Teut. _botte_, id. dolium, orca, cupa.


_To_ BOK, BOCK, _v. a._

1. To vomit, S.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. To reach, to incline to puke, S.

3. To belch, (eructare) S.

    A. Bor. _boke_, _bowk_, to nauseate, to be ready to vomit; _booac_,
to reach, to keck, ibid. Perhaps from A. S. _bealc-an_, eructare. It
however has greater resemblance of _puke_, to which no etymon has been
assigned.


BOK, BOCK, _s._ The act of reaching, S.

  _Cleland._


BOKEIK, _s._ Bopeep, a game.

  _Lyndsay._


BOKS, _s. pl._ "Corner teeth," Gl. Sibb.

  _Maitland Poems._


_To_ BOLDIN, BOLDYN, _v. n._ To swell.

  _Douglas._

~Boldin~, ~Boulden~, _part. pa._ swelled.

    This is softened into _bowdin_, _bowden_, S.  Often in the _pret._
and _part._ it is written _bolnys_, swells, (Doug. V.) and _bolnyt_.  I
hesitate whether these are contr. from _boldinnys_, _boldinnyt_, or the
v. in another form, more nearly resembling Su. G. _buln-a_, Dan.
_bul-ner_.  Su. G. _bul-na_, _bulg-ia_, id. _bolginn_, swollen.  Hence
Isl. bilgia, Su. G. bolgia, a billow; because it is raised by the wind;
and _bolda_, a boil, a tumour.  Gael. _builg-am_ to swell, _builg_, a
blister.


BOLGAN LEAVES, Nipplewort, an herb, S. B. Lapsana communis, Linn.

    Perhaps from Isl. _bolg-a_, tumere, or Su. G. _bolginn_, swollen,
q. "swelling leaves," as being supposed by the vulgar in S. to be
efficacious in removing swellings.


_To_ BOLYN, _v. n._ To lay tack aboard.

  _Maitland Poems._

    O. Fr. _bolin-er_, to sail by a wind, or close upon a wind.


BOLL, _Lintseed Boll_.

V. ~Bow~.


BOLLMAN, _s._ A cottager, Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Perhaps from Su. G. Isl. _bol_, villa, and _man_, q. the inhabitant
of a village. It is always pronounced _bowman_.


BOLME, _s._ A boom, a waterman's pole.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _baum_, Belg. _boom_, a tree.


BOLNIT.

V. ~Boldin~.


BOLNYNG, _s._ Swelling.

V. ~Boldin~.

  _Henrysone._


BOLSTER, _s._ That part of a mill in which the axletree moves, S.


BOMBILL, _s._ Buzzing noise; metaph. used for boasting.

  _Polwart._

    Teut. _bommele_, a drone.


BON, _s._ Apparently, bane, injury.

  _Wallace._


BONALAIS, BONAILIE, BONNAILLIE, _s._ A drink taken with a friend, when
one is about to part with him; as expressive of one's wishing him a
prosperous journey, S.

  _Wallace._

    It is now generally pron. _bonaillie_, S. _Bonalais_ might seem to
be the plur. But perhaps it merely retains the form of Fr. _Bon allez_.


BONE, _s._ A petition, a prayer.

  _Douglas._

    O. E. id. Isl. _baen_, precatio, oratio; _boon_ petitio, gratis
acceptio, mendicatio, G. Andr. A. S. _ben_, _bene_, id.


BONETT, _s._ "A small sail, fixed to the bottom or sides of the great
sails, to accelerate the ship's way in calm weather." Gl. Compl.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _bonnette_, Sw. _bonet_, id.


BONIE, BONYE, BONNY, _adj._

1. Beautiful, pretty, S.

  _Maitland Poems._

_Boniest_, most beautiful.

  _Montgomerie._

2. It is occasionally used ironically, in the same way with E. _pretty_,
S.

  _Priests of Peblis._

3. Precious, valuable.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

    _Bonny_ is used in the same sense by Shakspeare, and since his time
by some other E. writers.  But I suspect that it is properly S.  Johnson
derives it from Fr. _bon_, _bonne_, good.  This is by no means
satisfactory; but we must confess that we cannot substitute a better
etymon.


BONYNES, _s._ Beauty, handsomeness.

  _Philotus_.


BONK, _s._ Bank.

  _Douglas._

    Probably corr. from A. S. _bene_.  Isl. _bunga_, however, signifies
tumor terrae.


BONNAGE, _s._ An obligation, on the part of the tenant, to cut down the
proprietor's corn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Evidently a corr. of _Bondage_.


BONNAR, _s._ "A bond," Gl.

  _Popular Ball._


BONNET.

V. ~White Bonnet~.


BONOCH, _s._ "A binding to tie a cow's hind legs when she is a-milking."

  _Kelly._


BONSPEL, _s._ A match, at the diversion of _curling_ on the ice, between
two opposite parties, S.

V. ~Curl~.

  _Graeme._

    Belg. _bonne_, a village, a district, and _spel_, play; because the
inhabitants of different villages or districts contend with each other
in this sport, one parish, for example, challenging another.  Or, the
first syllable may be traced to Su. G. _bonde_, an husbandman.


BONXIE, _s._ The name given to the Skua Gull, Shetl.

  _Neill._


BOO, BOW, _s._ A term sometimes used to denote a farm-house or village,
in conjunction with the proper name, Ang.

    Su. G. _bo_, Isl. _bu_, _boo_, domicilium, a house or dwelling, also,
a village; Moes. G. _baua_, id.

In the Orkney Islands, where the Gothic was long preserved in greater
purity than in our country, the principal farm-house on an estate, or in
any particular district of it, is in a great many instances called the
_Boll_ or _Bow_.

  _Barry._


BOODIES, _pl._ Ghosts, hobgoblins, Aberd.

  _Journal Lond._

    It might be deduced from A. S. _boda_, a messenger, from _bod-ian_,
to declare, to denounce.  But it seems to be rather originally the same
with C. B. _bugudhai_, hobgoblins, Gael. _bodach_, a ghost.


BOOL, _s._ A contemptuous term for a man, especially if advanced in
years. It is often conjoined with an epithet; as "an auld _bool_," an
old fellow, S.

    Su. G. _bol_, the trunk of the body, as distinguished from the head
and feet.


BOOLS _of a pot_, _s. pl._ Two crooked instruments of iron, linked
together, used for lifting a pot by the ears, S.; also called _clips_.

    Teut. _boghel_, numella; Germ. _bugel_, any thing that is circular
or curved.


BOOL-HORNED, _adj._ Perverse, obstinate, inflexible, S. apparently from
the same origin with ~Bools~.

    _Boolie-horned_, Border, and W. of S.  A. Bor. _buckle-horns_, short
crooked horns turned horizontally inwards.


BOONMOST, _adj._ Uppermost, S. pron. _bunemist_.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _bufan_, _bufon_, above, and _most_.


BOOT, BUT, BOUD, BIT, BUD, BOOST, _v. imp._ Behoved, was under a
necessity of, S.; _He boot to do_ such a thing; he could not avoid it.
_It bit to be_; it was necessary that this should take place.

  _Ross. Burns._

    _Bus_ and _bud_ occur in the same sense in Ywaine and Gawin.  Most
probably it is a corr. of _behoved_, Belg. _behoeft_.


BOOST, _s._ A box.

V. ~Buist~.


BOR, BOIR, BORE, _s._

1. A small hole or crevice; a place used for shelter, especially by
smaller animals, S.

  _Sir Tristrem._

2. An opening in the clouds, when the sky is thick and gloomy, or during
rain, is called a _blue bore_, S. It is sometimes used metaph.

  _Baillie._

    Su. G. Germ. _bor_, terebra; Isl. _bora_, foramen; A. S. _bor-ian_,
to pierce.


BORCH, BORGH, BOWRCH, BOROW, _s._ A surety. The term properly denotes a
person who becomes bail for another, for whatever purpose.

  _Wallace._

2. A pledge; any thing laid in pawn.

  _Barbour._

    The term occurs in both senses in O. E.  A. S. _borg_, _borh_,
fide-jussor; also, foenus; Germ. _burge_, a pledge.  Su. G. _borgen_,
suretyship.  Ihre derives Su. G. and Isl. _borg-a_, to become surety,
from _berg-a_, a periculo tueri, to protect from danger.  The idea is
certainly most natural:  For what is suretyship, but warranting the
_safety_ of any person or thing?


_To_ BORCH, _v. a._ To give a pledge or security for, to bail.

  _Wallace._


_To_ BORROW, BORW, _v. a._

1. To give security for; applied to property.

  _Wyntown._

2. To become surety for; applied to a person.

_Baron Courts._

    Su. G. _borg-a_, id.


_To_ BORROW _one_, to urge one to drink, Ang.

    When one _pledges_ another in company, he engages to drink after
him; and in ancient times it was generally understood, that he who
pledged another, was engaged to drink an equal quantity.


BORROWGANGE, s. A state of suretyship.

  _Reg. Maj._

    Su. G. _edgaang_, _laggaang_, are rendered by Ihre, actus jurandi,
from _gaa_, ire; _borrowgange_ may thus be merely the act of _going_ or
_entering_ as a surety.


BORD, _s._

1. A broad hem or welt, S.

2. The edge or border of a woman's cap, S.

    Fr. _bord_, Belg. _boord_, a welt, a hem, or selvage; Isl. _bard_,
_bord_, the extremity or margin.


BORDEL, _s._ A brothel, Dunbar.

    Fr. _bordel_, id., Su. G.  A. S. _bord_, a house.  The dimin. of
this, Ihre says, was L. B. _bordell-um_, _bordil-e_, tuguriolum, cujus
generis quum olim meretricum stabula essent.


BORDELLAR, _s._ A haunter of brothels.

  _Bellenden._


BORE, _s._ A crevice.

V. ~Bor~.


BORE'S- (or BOAR'S) EARS, _s. pl._ The name given to the Auricula, S. B.
Primula auricula, Linn.

    A bear is called a _boar_, S., especially S. B.


BORE-TREE, _s._ Sambucus nigra.

V. ~Bourtree~.


BOREAU, _s._ An executioner.

V. ~Burio~.


BORGH, _s._ A surety.

V. ~Borch~.


BORN.

  _Wallace._

    _Born_ may have some affinity to Isl. _borgun_, Su. G. _borgen_,
suretyship; q. one under contract or obligation.


BORROWING DAYS, the three last days of March, Old Stile, S.

  _Complaynt S._

    These days being generally stormy, our forefathers have endeavoured
to account for this circumstance, by pretending that March _borrowed_
them from April, that he might extend his power so much longer. Those
who are much addicted to superstition will neither borrow nor lend on
any of these days; lest the articles borrowed should be employed for the
purposes of witchcraft, against the lenders. Some of the vulgar imagine,
that these days received their designation from the conduct of the
Israelites in _borrowing_ the property of the Egyptians.


BOS, BOSS, BOIS, _adj._

1. Hollow, S.

  _Douglas._

"A _boss_ sound," that which is emitted by a body that is hollow, S.

2. Empty. A shell, without a kernel, is said to be _boss_. The word is
also used to denote the state of the stomach when it is empty, or after
long abstinence, S.

  _Morison._

3. In the same sense, it is metaph. applied to a weak or ignorant
person. One is said to be "nae _boss_ man," who has a considerable share
of understanding, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

4. Poor, destitute of worldly substance, S. B.

    Teut. _bosse_, umbo.

  _Ross._


BOSS, BOCE, _s._ Any thing hollow.

  _Burel._

_The boss of the side_, the hollow between the ribs and the haunch, S.


BOSS, BOISS, _s._

1. A small cask.

  _Pitscottie._

2. It seems to denote a bottle, perhaps one of earthen ware; such as is
now vulgarly called a _gray-beard_.

  _Dunbar._

3. In pl. _bosses_, _boisses_, a term of contempt, conjoined with
_auld_, and applied to persons of a despicable or worthless character.

  _Knox._

    From Fr. _boire_, to drink, whence _boisson_, drink, or _busse_, a
cask for holding wines.


BOT, _conj._ But, often confounded with _but_, prep. signifying,
without.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _butan_, _buton_, are used precisely as S. _but_, without.


BOTAND, BUT-AND, _prep._ Besides.

  _Percy._


BOTAND, _adv._

1. But if, except.

  _Barbour._

2. Moreover, besides.

  _Maitland Poems._

    In the latter sense, it is from A. S. _butan_, praeter.


BOTCARD, s. A sort of artillery used in S. in the reign of Ja. V.

  _Pitscottie._

    The same instruments seem to be afterwards called _battars_, ib.
Fr. _bastarde_, "a demie canon, or demie culverin; a smaller piece of
any kind," Cotgr.


BOTE, BUTE, _s._

1. Help, advantage; E. _boot_, Doug.

2. Compensation, satisfaction; Acts Parl. pass.

    A. S. _bote_, id. from _bet-an_, emendare, restaurare.

~Kin-bote~, compensation or "assithment for the slaughter of a kinsman;"
Skene, Verb. Sign.

    A. S. _cyn_, cognatio, and _bote_.

~Man-bot~, the compensation fixed by the law, for killing a man,
according to the rank of the person. Ibid.

    A. S. _man-bot_, id.

~Theift-bote~, compensation made to the king for theft.

  _Reg. Maj._


BOTHE, BOOTH, BUITH, _s._ A shop made of boards; either fixed, or
portable, S.

V. ~Lucken~.

  _Douglas._

    Hence the _Luckenbooths_ of Edinburgh, wooden shops, made for being
_locked_ up. Teut. _boede_, _bode_, domuncula, casa, Kilian; Su. G.
_bud_, taberna mercatorum, apotheca; Isl. _bud_, id.


BOTHIE, BOOTHIE, _s._ A cottage, often used to denote a place where
labouring servants are lodged, S.

  _Neill._

    Su. G. _bod_, a house, a cottage; Gael. _bothag_, _bothan_, a cot.


_To_ BOTHER, BATHER, _v. a._ To teaze one by dwelling on the same
subject, or by continued solicitation, S.


BOTHNE, BOTHENE, _s._

1. A park in which cattle are fed and inclosed.

  _Skene._

2. A barony, lordship, or sheriffdom.

  _Assis. Reg. Dav._

    L. B. _bothena_, baronia, aut territorium.


BOTINYS, _s. pl._ Buskins; Gl. Sibb.

    Fr. _botine_, cothurnus.

V. ~Boiting~.


BOTTLE-NOSE, _s._ A species of whale, S. Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._


BOTTOM-ROOM, _s._ The name vulgarly given to the space occupied by one
sitter in a church, S.


BOTWAND, _s._ Perhaps, a rod of authority.

  _Kennedy._

    Germ. _bot_, power, and _wand_, a rod.


BOUCHT, BOUGHT, _s._ A curvature or bending of any kind, S. "The
_bought_ of the arm," the bending of the arm at the elbow.

  _Journ. Lond._

Where the sea forms a sort of bay, it is said to have a _bought_, S.

    A. S. _bogeht_, arcuatus, crooked; _bug-an_, to bend. Germ. _bug_,
sinus; _bucht_, curvatura littoris, Wachter.


_To_ BOUCHT, BOUGHT, _v. a._ To fold down, S.

    Isl. _bukt-a_, Teut. _buck-en_, flectere, curvare.


BOUCHT, BOUGHT, BUCHT, BUGHT, _s._

1. A small pen, usually put up in the corner of the fold, into which it
was customary to drive the ewes, when they were to be milked; also
called _ewe-bucht_, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A house in which sheep are inclosed, Lanerks.; an improper sense.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Teut. _bocht_, _bucht_, septum, septa, interseptum, sepimentum
clausum.


_To_ BOUCHT, BOUGHT _v. a._ To inclose in a fold, S.; formed from the
_s._

  _Ross._


BOUCHT-KNOT, _s._ A running knot; one that can easily be loosed, in
consequence of the cord being _doubled_, S.


BOUGARS, _s. pl._ Cross spars, forming part of the roof of a cottage,
used instead of laths, on which wattling or twigs are placed, and above
these _divots_, and then the straw or thatch, S.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Lincolns. _bulkar_, a beam; Dan. _biaelke_, pl. _bielcker_, beams.
Su. G. _bialke_, a small rafter, tigillum, in Westro-Goth. is written
_bolkur_.


BOUK, BUIK, _s._

1. The trunk of the body, as distinguished from the head or extremity,
S.

A _bouk of tauch_, all the tallow taken out of an ox or cow, S.

    Germ. _bauch von talge_, id.

A _bouk-louse_, one that has been bred about the body.

    Teut. _beuck_, truncus corporis.

2. The whole body of man, or carcase of a beast, S.

  _Douglas._

3. The body, as contradistinguished from the soul.

  _R. Bruce._

4. Size, stature, S. _bulk_; _Boukth_, bulk, Gl. Lancash.

  _J. Nicol._

5. The greatest share, the principal part, S.

  _Cleland._


_To_ BOUK, _v. n._ To bulk, S.

Hence,


BOUKIT, BOWKIT, _part. pa._

1. Large, bulky; S.

  _Douglas._

2. _Boukit_ and _muckle-boukit_ are used in a peculiar sense; as
denoting the appearance which a pregnant woman makes, after her shape
begins to alter.


BOUKSUM, BOUKY, _adj._ Of the same sense with _Boukit_, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dialect._


BOUKE, _s._ A solitude.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    A. S. _buce_, secessus, "a solitary and secret place," Somner.


BOULDEN, _part. pa._ Swelled, inflated.

V. ~Boldin~.


BOULE, "Round," Rudd.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _bol_, tumidus, turgidus; or _boghel_, _beughel_, curvatura
semicircularis, from _bogh-en_, arcuare.


BOULENA, A sea cheer, signifying, Hale up the bowlings.

  _Complaynt S._


BOULENE, _s._ The same with E. _Bowline_. A rope fastened to the middle
part of the outside of a sail.

  _Complaynt S._

    Sw. _bog-lina_, id. from _bog_, flexus.


BOUN, BOUNE, BOWN, _adj._ Ready, prepared, S.

  _Barbour._

_Bone_ is used in the same sense, O. E.

    Su. G. _bo_, _bo-a_, to prepare, to make ready; Isl. _bu-a_, id.
_Boen_ or _boin_ is the part. pa.


_To_ BOUN, BOWN, _v. a._

1. To make ready, to prepare.

  _Wallace._

2. To go, to direct one's course to a certain place.

  _Sir Egeir._


BOUND, BUND, _part. pa._ Pregnant.

  _Douglas._


_To_ BOUNT, _v. n._ To spring, to bound.

    Fr. _bond-ir_, id.

  _Burel._


BOUNTÉ, _s._ Worth, goodness.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _bonté_, id.


BOUNTETH, BOUNTITH, _s._

1. Something given as a reward for service or good offices.

  _Watson's Coll._

2. It now generally signifies what is given to servants, in addition to
their wages, S; _bounties_, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

    Gael. _bunntais_ seems merely a corr. of this word.


BOUR, BOURE, _s._ A chamber; sometimes a retired apartment, such as
ladies were wont to possess in ancient times.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _bur_, _bure_, conclave, an inner chamber, a parlour, a
_bower_.  Teut. _buer_, id. Dan. _buur_, conclave, Su. G. Isl. _bur_,
habitaculum.  Isl. _jungfrubur_, gynaeceum, ubi olim filiae familias
habitabant; literally, the young lady's bower.  Hence _bour-bourding_,
jesting in a lady's chamber, Pink.


BOURACH, BOWROCK, _s._

1. An inclosure; applied to the little houses that children build for
play, especially those made in the sand, S.

  _Kelly._

"We'll never big sandy _bowrocks_ together."

  _S. Prov. Kelly._

2. A crowd, a ring, a circle, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dialect._

3. A confused heap of any kind, S. B. Such a quantity of body-clothes as
is burdensome to the wearer, is called _a bourach of claise_; Ang.

  _Statist. Acc._

4. A cluster, as of trees, S.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _beorh_, _burg_, an inclosure, a heap; Su. G. _borg_.

~Burrach'd~, ~Bourach'd~, _part. pa._ Inclosed, environed, S. B.

  _Ross._


BOURACH, BORRACH, _s._ A band put round a cow's hinder legs at milking,
S.

    Gael. _buarach_.


BOURBEE, _s._ The spotted Whistle fish, S.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ BOURD, _v. n._ To jest, to mock, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Fr. _bourd-er_, id.  But this seems to be merely an abbrev. of
_behourd-ir_, _bohord-er_, to just together with lances.  _Bohord_,
_behord_, is originally a Gothic word, as being used by old Northern
writers.


BOURD, BOURE, _s._ A jest, a scoff, S.

  _Kelly._

  _Houlate._


BOURIE, _s._ A hole made in the earth by rabbits, or other animals that
hide themselves there; E. a   _Burrow_.

  _Monroe._

    From the same origin with ~Bourach~.


BOURTREE, BORETREE, BOUNTREE, _s._ Common elder, a tree; Sambucus nigra,
Linn.; A. Bor. _Burtree_.

  _Lightfoot._

    It seems to have received its name from its being hollow within, and
thence easily _bored_ by thrusting out the pulp.


BOUSHTY, _s._ Expl. "bed." Aberd.

  _Shirrefs._

    The same with _Buisty_, q. v.


BOUSTOUR, BOWSTOWRE, _s._ A military engine, anciently used for
battering walls.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _byssa_, _bossa_, signifies a mortar, an engine for throwing
bombs; Bombarda, Ihre; formerly _byssor_; from _byssa_, theca, a box, or
case; because in these tubes, as in cases, bullets are lodged.


BOUSUM, BOWSOM, _adj._

1. Pliant, tractable.

  _Palice Honour._

    A. S. _bocsum_, _buhsum_, obediens, tractabilis, from _bug-an_,
Belg. _buyg-en_, flectere.

2. "Blythe, merry," Rudd.


_To_ BOUT, BOWT, _v. n._ To spring, to leap, S. "_bouted up_," Rudd. vo.
_up-boltit_.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _botten_, _op-bott-en_, to rebound, resilire.


BOUT, _s._ A sudden jerk in entering or leaving an apartment; a hasty
entrance or departure; the act of coming upon one by surprise; S.


BOUTGATE, _s._

1. A circuitous road, a way which is not direct, S. from _about_, and
_gait_ way.

  _Ross._

2. A circumvention, a deceitful course, S.

  _R. Bruce._

3. An ambiguity, or an equivocation, in discourse.

  _Bp. Forbes._


BOW, _s._ A boll; a dry measure, S.

  _Monroe._


BOW, BOLL, LINTBOW, _s._ The globule which contains the seed of flax.
_Bow_ is the pron. S.

  _Polwart._

    Germ. _boll_, id. oculus et gemma plantae, caliculus ex quo flos
erumpit; Wachter.


BOW, BOWE, _s._

1. The herd in general; whether inclosed in a fold or not.

  _Douglas._

2. A fold for cows, S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Su. G. _bo_, _bu_, either the herd or the flock; armenta, pecora,
grex; Dan. _boe_, a shed, booth or stall.


BOW, _s._

1. An arch, a gateway, S.

  _Knox._

2. The arch of a bridge, S.

  _Muses Threnodie._

    Teut. _boghe_, id. arcus, concameratio; from _bogh-en_, flectere;
A. S. _bog-a_, "an arch of a bridge or other building;" Somner.


BOW, _s._ As applied to a house.

V. ~Boo~.


BOWAND, _adj._ Crooked.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _bugend_, id.


BOWAT, _s._ A hand-lanthern.

V. ~Bowet~.


BOWBARD, _s._ A dastard, a person destitute of spirit.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _boeverje_, nequitia. Or, shall we rather view it as
originally the same with _Bumbart_, q. v.?


BOWBERT, _adj._ Lazy, inactive.

  _Douglas._


BOWDEN, _part. pa._ Swollen.

V. ~Boldin~.


BOWELHIVE, _s._ An inflammation of the bowels, to which children are
subject, S.

V. ~Hive~, _v._

  _Pennecuik._


BOWES ~and~ BILLES, A phrase used by the English, in former times, for
giving an alarm in their camp or military quarters.

  _Knox._


BOWET, BOWAT, _s._ A hand-lanthern, S. _Bowit_, A. Bor.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Perhaps from Fr. _bougette_, a little coffer; if not allied to
_bougie_, a small wax-candle.


BOWGER, _s._ The puffin, or coulter-neb, a bird; _alca arctica_, Linn.

  _Martin._


BOWGLE, _s._ A wild ox, a buffalo.

  _Dunbar._

    Lat. _bucul-us_, a young ox. Hence _bugle-horn_.


BOWIE, _s._

1. A small barrel or cask, open at one end; S.

  _Ferguson._

2. It denotes a small tub for washing, S.

3. It also sometimes signifies a milk pail, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Fr. _buie_, a water-pot or pitcher; Cotgr.

Hence,


BOWIEFU', _s._ The fill of a small tub, S.

  _J. Nicol._


BOW-KAIL, _s._ Cabbage, S. so called from the circular form of this
plant. For the same reason its Belg. name is _buys-kool_.

  _Burns._

~Bow-stock~, _s._ The same. "A bastard may be as good as a _bow-stock_,
by a time;" S. Prov.

  _Kelly._


BOWLAND, _part. adj._ Hooked, crooked.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _boghel-en_, arcuare. _Bowland_ is just the part. pr.
_boghelend_, contr.


BOWLIE, BOOLIE, _adj._ Crooked, deformed; _Boolie-backit_, humpbacked;
sometimes applied to one whose shoulders are very round, S.

V. ~Beugle-backed~.

    Germ. _bucklig_, Dan. _bugelt_, id. from _bugle_, a bunch or hump;
and this from _bug-en_, to bend; Dan. _boeyel_, crookedness, _boeyelig_,
flexible.


_To_ BOWN, _v. a._ To make ready.

V. ~Boun~, _v._


BOWRUGIE, _s._ Burgess; the third estate in a Parliament or Convention;
in resemblance of Fr. _bourgeois_.

  _Wallace._


BOWSIE, _adj._ Crooked, S.

    Fr. _bossu_, id.


BOWSUNES, _s._ Obedience.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _bocsumnesse_, obedientia.


BOWT, _s._

1. A bolt, a shaft; in general.

  _Chron. S. Poet._

2. A thunderbolt, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ BOX, _v. a._ To wainscot, to cover with boards, S.


BOXING, s. Wainscotting; Sir J. Sinclair, p. 170., S.


BRA, BRAE, BRAY, _s._

1. The side of a hill, an acclivity, S.

  _Barbour._

2. The bank of a river, S. _Breea_, A. Bor. id.

3. A hill, S.

  _Ross._

4. Conjoined with a name, it denotes the upper part of a country; as
"_Bra-mar, Bra-Cat, the Braes of Angus;_" S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

_To gae down the brae_, metaph. to be in a declining state, in whatever
sense; to have the losing side, S.

    C. B. _bre_, a mountain, pl. _breon_, _bryn_; Gael. _bre_, _bri_,
_brigh_, a hill.  Isl. _braa_, cilium, the brow; whence _augnabraa_, the
eye-brow; and _bratt_ signifies steep, having an ascent.


_To_ BRA, _v. n._

1. To bray.

2. To make a loud and disagreeable noise.

  _Douglas._


BRAAL, _s._ A fragment. "There's nae a _braal_ to the fore," There is
not a fragment remaining, Ang.


BRABBLACH, _s._ The refuse of any thing; as of corn, meat, &c. Fife.

    Gael. _prabal_, id.


BRACE, _s._ A chimney-piece, a mantle-piece, S.


BRACHELL, _s._ A dog; properly, one employed to discover or pursue game
by the scent.

  _Wallace._

    Alem. _brak_; Germ. _brack_, id. canis venaticus, forte
investigator; O. Fr. _brachez_.  Verel. expl. Isl. _rakke_ canis,
deriving it from _racka_, _frakka_, cursitare.


BRACHEN, (gutt.) BRAIKIN, BRECKEN, _s._ The female fern, Polypodium
filix foemina, Linn.

  _Burns._

    In Smoland in Sweden, the female fern is called _braeken_; Sw.
_stotbraakin_, id.  _In_ is a termination in Gothic, denoting the female
gender.


ROYAL BRACHENS, _s. pl._ The flowering fern, S.  Osmunda regalis, Linn.

  _Lightfoot._


BRACKS, _s._ A disease of sheep.

V. ~Braxy~.


BRAD, _part. pa._ Roasted.

V. next word.


_To_ BRADE, _v. a._ To roast.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    A. S. _braed-an_, id. _braedde_, assatus.


_To_ BRADE, BRAID, _v. n._

1. To move quickly, to take long steps in rapid succession.

  _Douglas._

2. To spring, to start.

  _Gawan and Gol._

3. To break out, to issue with violence.

  _Douglas._

4. To draw out quickly; used actively, especially with respect to the
unsheathing or brandishing of a sword, or other weapon of this kind.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _braad-a_, accelerare.  _At bregd-a sverde_, gladium evaginare
vel stringere.  A. S. _braed-an_, exerere, stringere.


BRADE, BRAIDE, _s._ A start, a spring, a quick motion of the body.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _bregd_, versura.


_To_ BRADE, BRAID, _v. a._ To attack, to assault; Rudd.

    Isl. _bregd-a manne nidur_, sternere virum.


BRAID, s. Assault, aim to strike.

  _Douglas._

    It is used in a similar sense, O. E.  Isl. _bregd_, nisus, an
attempt, an exertion.


BRADE, _adj._; S.

V. ~Braid~.


_To_ BRADE, BRAID, _v. a._ To turn round.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Isl. _bregd-a_, vertere.


_To_ BRADE, BRAID, BREDE, BREED, _v. n._

1. To resemble, to be like in manners; especially as denoting that
similarity which characterises the same stock or family; with the prep.
_of_.

  _Ferguson's S. Prov._

2. To appear, to be manifest.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _bregd-a_, _bregth-a_, Su. G. _braa_, denote the resemblance
of children, in dispositions, to their progenitors. _Bregdur barni til
aettar_, progenitoribus suis quisque fere similis est.


_To_ BRADE, BRAID _up_, _v. a._ "To _braid up_ the head," to toss it as
a high-mettled horse does, or to carry it high.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _bred-an_, Belg. _breyd-en_, to extend.


_To_ BRAG, _v. a._

1. To reproach, to upbraid.

  _Ruddiman._

2. To defy, S. B.

  _Morison._

    Su. G. _brigd-a_, exprobrare; Isl. _bregd-a_, opprobrare.


BRAGING, _s._ Boasting.

  _Gawan and Gol._


BRAGWORT, _s._ Expl. "Mead, a beverage made from the dregs of honey."
Gl. Sibb.

    _Braggot_, Gl. Lancash. C. B. _bragod_, id.


_To_ BRAID _up the burde_; marked as used by James I.


BRAID, BRADE, _adj._

1. Broad, S.

  _Ritson._

2. Plain, intelligible.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. Isl. _braid_, A. S. _bred_, latus.


BRAID, BRADE, _adv._ Widely.

  _Douglas._


BRAID-BAND, BROAD-BAND, _s._

1. Corn laid out, in the harvest field, on the band, but not bound, is
said to be _lying in braid-band_, S.

2. _To be laid in broad-band_, metaph. to be fully exposed.

  _Z. Boyd._


_To_ BRAIK, _v. n._ To reach.

V. ~Braking~.

  _Lyndsay._


BRAIK, s. A threat.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _brak-a_, strepo.


BRAIK, BREAK, _s._ An instrument used in dressing hemp or flax, for
loosening it from the core, S.

  _Watson's Coll._

    Teut. _braecke_, id. malleus stuparius, vulgo linifrangibula.


BRAIK, _s._ An internal mortification; a disease among sheep, Ang.

V. ~Braxy~.

    Su. G. _braeck_, a defect of any kind.


BRAIKIT, _adj._ Speckled, S.

    Ir. _breac_, _brek_, id.


BRAYMEN, _s. pl._ The name given to those who inhabit the southern
declivity of the Grampian hills, S.

  _D. Buchanan._


BRAIN, _s._ Voice. "A braw _brain_," "a strong _brain_," a powerful
voice, Ang.


_To_ BRAINDGE, _v. n._ "To run rashly forward," S. O.

  _Burns._

    Shall we view this as an oblique sense of Belg. _brins-en_, to
neigh?


BRAYNE, BRANE, _adj._ Mad, furious.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _brinn-an_, to burn, _bren_, _bryne_, fervor; whence
_bryne-adl_, a fever; Su. G. _braanad_, fervor, ardor.

~Brayn-wod~, ~Brane-wod~, _adj._ Mad, in a state of insanity.

  _Wyntown._

V. ~Brayne~ and ~Wod~.


BRAIRD, _s._ The first sprouting of grain.

V. ~Breer~.


_To_ BRAIS, _v. a._ To embrace.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _bras_, the arm, whence embrace, q. _in arms_.


BRAIS, _s. pl._ Snares, gins.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _braegd_, figmentum, _braegden_, fraud; _gebraegdas_, crafts,
frauds, subtile contrivances; Isl. Su. G. _bragd_, fraus.


BRAISE, BRAZE, _s._ The Roach, a fish, S.

  _Ure._

    Sw. _brazen_, cyprinus brama, bream; Teut. _braessem_, id. cyprinus
latus.


BRAITH, _adj._ Violent, severe.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. Su. G. _braede_, ira, animi fervor.


BRAITHFUL, BREITHFUL, _adj._ Sharp, violent.

  _Douglas._


BRAITHLIE, _adj._ The same with ~Braithful~; or perhaps in the sense of
struggling.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _bryt-a_, _brott-as_, Isl. _briot-a_, luctare.


BRAITHLY, _adv._ Violently, with great force.

  _Wallace._


_To_ BRAK, _v. n._ To break, S. B.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _brac-an_, id. Isl. _eg braaka_, frango.


BRAKE, _s._ A large and heavy kind of harrow, chiefly used for breaking
in rough ground, S.


_To_ BRAK, _v. n._ To express great sorrow on any account. One says,
"I'm like to _brak_," S. B.

    This is probably allied to Isl. _braek_, _brek_, wailing.


BRAK, BRAKE, _adj._ Somewhat salt, brackish.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _brack_, salsus.


BRAKING, _s._ Puking, reaching, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Teut, _braeck-en_, to vomit, _braecke_, nausea.


BRALD, _part. pa._ Decked, dressed.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _brell-er_, to glitter.


BRANDED, _part. pa._ Bordered, having a margin.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    Germ. _braun_, Isl. _brun_, limbus.


BRANDED, BRANNIT, _adj._ Having a reddish-brown colour, as if singed by
fire.

_A branded cow_ is one that is almost entirely brown, S.

    Germ. _braun_, id.

  _Minstrelsy Bord._


BRANDEN, _part. pa._ Grilled.

V. ~Brid~.


BRANDNEW, BRENTNEW, a phrase equivalent to _spick and span_, quite new,
S.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _brand new_, id., from _brand_, incendium, ustio.


BRANDER, BRANDRETH, _s._ A gridiron.

  _Wyntown._

    S. _brander_, A. S. _brandred_, "a brand-iron;" Dan. _brandrith_;
Teut. _brand-roede_, _brander_, fulcrum focarium.


_To_ BRANDER, _v. a._ To broil on a grid-iron, to grill, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


BRANDRETH.

V. ~Brander~.


BRANDUR, _s._ A border.

V. ~Branded~.


BRANE, _s._ Bran, the husks of corn ground.

  _Dunbar._


BRANEWOD, _s._ Wood for burning.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    A. S. _bryne_ incendium, and _wude_, wood.


BRANG, _pret._ Brought, S.

  _J. Nicol._


_To_ BRANGLE, _v. n._

1. To shake, to vibrate.

  _Douglas._

2. To menace, to make a threatening appearance.

  _Douglas._

3. To shake, applied to the mind; to confound, to throw into disorder;
used actively.

  _Godscroft._

    Fr. _branl-er_, to shake; Su. G. _brang-as_, cum labore perrumpere
velle.


BRANGILL, _s._ A kind of dance.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _branle_, "a brawle, or daunce, wherein many men and women move
all together;" Cotgr.


BRANIT, _part. pa._ Brawned; a term formed from E. _brawn_, the fleshy
or musculous part of the body.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ BRANK, _v. a._

1. To bridle, to restrain.

  _Godly Sangs._

2. _v. n._ To raise and toss the head, as spurning the bridle; applied
to horses.

  _Douglas._

3. To bridle up one's self.

  _Maitland Poems._

4. To prance, to caper.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _brank-en_ and _proncken_, both signify, ostentare se, dare se
spectandum; Germ. _prang-en_, id.; Su. G. _prunk-a_, superbire.  Wachter
gives _prang-en_, as also signifying, premere, coarctare.


BRANKEN, _part. pr._ Gay, lively, S. A.

  _J. Nicol._


BRANKS, _s. pl._

1. A sort of bridle, often used by country people in riding. Instead of
leather, it has on each side a piece of wood joined to a halter, to
which a bit is sometimes added; but more frequently a kind of wooden
noose resembling a muzzle, S.

  _Montrose's Mem._

Within these few years, an iron bit was preserved in the steeple of
Forfar, formerly used, in that very place, for torturing the unhappy
creatures who were accused of witchcraft. It was called _The Witch's
Branks_.

    Gael. _brancas_, a halter. But our word seems originally the same
with Teut. _pranghe_, _muyl-pranghe_, postomis, pastomis, confibula;
instrumentum quod naribus equorum imponitur; Kilian.

2. _Branks_, I suspect, is sometimes used in S. as synon. with _jugs_ or
pillory.

  _Howie._


BRANKS, _s. pl._ A swelling in the chops, S. A. from the compression of
the parts, as the chops of a horse are compressed by the _branks_ which
he wears; the _buffets_, S. B.


BRANNOCK, _s._ The Samlet, or small fish generally known in S. by the
name of _Par. Branlin_, Yorks.


BRASAND, _part. pr._ Embracing.

    Fr. _bras_, the arm.

  _Douglas._


_To_ BRASE, BRASS, _v. a._ To bind, to tie.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _embrass-er_, to bind.


BRASERIS, BRASARIS, _s. pl._ Vambraces, armour for the arms.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _brassar_, _brassard_, _brassart_, id.; brachiale ferreum; from
_bras_, the arm, Lat. _brach-ium_.


_To_ BRASH, _v. a._ To assault, to attack.

V. ~Bresche~.

  _Sir W. More._

    Teut. _broes-en_, tempestuosum et furentem ventum spirare; or from
A. S. _beraes-an_, impetuose proruere, irruere.


BRASH, BRASHE, _s._ An effort, an attack, an assault; as E. _brush_ is
used.

  _Muses Thren._


BRASHY, BRAUSHIE, _adj._ Stormy, S.

  _J. Nicol._


BRASH, _s._ A transient attack of sickness; a bodily indisposition of
whatever kind, S. _Quhither_, synon. S. B.

  _Burns._

    The disorder to which children are often subject after being weaned,
is called the _speaning-brash_. We also speak of "a _brash_ of the
teeth."  This, perhaps, is merely a different sense of the s. as
explained above.  Isl. _breisk_, however, signifies infirm,
_breiskleike_, weakness, G. Andr.


BRASHY, _adj._ Delicate in constitution, subject to frequent ailments,
S.


_To_ BRAST, _v. n._ To burst.

  _Douglas._

    _Brast_ is used in the same sense by R. Glouc.


BRAT, _s._

1. Clothing in general. _The bit and the brat_, S. Food and raiment.

  _Scotch Presb. Eloq._

2. A coarse kind of apron for keeping the clothes clean, S. "_Brat_, a
coarse apron, a rag, Lincolns." Gl. Grose.

3. Coarse clothing, S.; _dudds_, synon. A. S. _bratt_ signifies both
pallium and panniculus; "a cloak, a rag," Somner. C. B. _brathay_, rags.

4. Scum, S. It does not necessarily signify refuse; but is also applied
to the cream which rises from milk, especially of what is called a _sour
cogue_, or the _floatings_ of boiled whey.

  _Statist. Acc._


BRATCHART, _s._ A contemptuous term equivalent to E. _whelp_.

V. ~Brachell~.

  _Montgomerie._

    From Fr. _bratchet_, a kind of small hound; or immediately formed
from _Brach_.


_To_ BRATH, _v. a._ To plait straw-ropes round a stack, crossing them at
intervals, S. B.

    A. S. _braed-an_, to weave together; Isl. _bregd-a_, nectere fila in
funem.

~Brathins~, _s. pl._ The cross ropes of the roof of a thatched house, or
stack; also called _etherins_, Ang.

    Isl. _bragd_, nexus.


BRATHLY, _adj._ Noisy.

V. ~Braithlie~.


_To_ BRATTYL, BRATTLE, _v. n._

1. To make a clashing or clattering noise, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To advance rapidly, making a noise with the feet, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _briot-a_, _bryt-a_, exagitare, hue illucque movere, ut
luctantes; Teut. _bortel-en_, tumultuari.

~Brattyl~, ~Brattle~, _s._

1. A clattering noise, as that made by the feet of horses, when
prancing, or moving rapidly, S.

  _Ross._

2. Hurry, rapid motion of any kind, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. A short race, S.

  _Burns._

4. Fury, violent attack, S.

  _Burns._


BRAVERY, _s._ A bravado, a gasconade.

  _Spotswood._

    Fr. _braverie_, id. from _braver_, to brave, to play the gallant.


BRAUITIE, _s._

1. A show, a pageant.

  _Burel._

2. Finery in dress, S.

V. ~Braw~.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _braveté_, pour avoir de beaux habits; Gl. Roquefort.


BRAUL, BRAWL, _s._ The same as _Brangle_.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _bransle_, _branle_.


BRAUSHIE, _adj._ Stormy.

V. ~Brash~, _v._


BRAW, BRA', _adj._

1. Fine, gaily dressed, S.

  _Morison._

    Teut. _brauwe_, ornatus, bellus; Fr. _brave_, id.  Isl. _braer_,
nitet, splendet.

2. Handsome, S.

  _Burns._

3. Pleasant, agreeable, S.

  _A. Nicol._

4. Worthy, excellent, S. _A braw man_, a worthy man, S.

    Su. G. _braf_, bonus, praestans.  _En braf man_, the very phrase
still used by the vulgar in S.  Germ. _brav_, id.  _Braw_ is often used
adverbially, as conjoined with the copulative: _Braw and able_,
abundantly able for any work or undertaking; _Braw and weel_, in good
health.

Hence,

~Brawly~, _adv._ Very well, S. sometimes _brawlins_, Ang.; _browlies_,
_browlins_, Aberd.

  _Journal Lond._

    Sw. _Han mor braf_, He is well, Wideg.

~Braws~, _pl._ Fine clothes, one's best apparel, S.

  _Ross._

    Evidently from the _adj._ sense 1.


BRAWEN, _part. pa._ Perhaps, boiled. A. S. _browen_, coctus.

  _Polwart._


_To_ BRAWL, _v. n._ To run into confusion; part. pr. _brawland_.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _brouill-er_, to embroil, to confound. Su. G. _bryll-a_,
perturbare.


BRAWLIT, _part. pa._ Perhaps marbled, mixed; from the same _v._; Fr.
_brouill-er_, to jumble.

  _L. Scotland's Lament._


BRAWLINS, _s. pl._ The trailing Strawberry tree, or Bear-berry, S. B.
Arbutus uva ursi, Linn. The name is sometimes applied to the fruit of
the Vaccinium vitis Idaea, or red bill-berry.

    Gael. _braoilag_ denotes a whortleberry.


BRAXY, BRAXES, BRACKS, _s._

1. A disease in sheep, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    This is also called _braik_ and _bracks_, Ang.  A. S. _breac_,
rheuma; _broc_ sickness, disease; Su. G. _brak_, id.

2. A sheep which has died of disease; also, mutton of this description,
S.

  _Burns._


BRAZE, _s._ A roach.

V. ~Braise~.


BRAZARS, _s. pl._ Armour for the arms.

V. ~Braseris~.


_To_ BRE.

V. ~Biggit~.

  _K. Hart._


BRE, BREE, _s._ The eye-brow, S. B.

  _Douglas._

"He moved neither _ee nor bree_; i. e. eye nor eyebrow."

V. ~Bra~.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _breg_, palpebra; Isl. _braa_.


BREADBERRY, _s._ That food of children, which in E. is called _pap_, S.

    Perhaps from _bread_ and A. Bor. _berry_, to beat; q. "bruised
bread."


BREAK, _s._ A division of land in a farm, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ BREAK, _v. a._ To disappoint, S. B. "_I'se no break you_, I shall
not disappoint you," Shirr. Gl.

    Isl. _bregd-a_, frustrari aliquem.


BREAK (_of a hill_) _s._ A hollow in a hill, S.

    Isl. _breck-a_, crepido, declivitas.


BREARDS, _s. pl._ The short flax recovered from the first tow, by a
second hackling. The tow, thrown off by this second hackling, is called
_backings_.

  _Edin. Courant._


_To_ BREAST, _v. n._ To spring up or forward; a term applied to a horse,
S.

  _Burns._

    From the action of the _breast_ in this effort.

~Breast-woddie~, _s._ That part of the harness of a carriage-horse,
which goes round the breast, S. B.

V. ~Rig-Widdie~.

  _Journal Lond._


BRECHAME, BRECHEM, _s._ The collar of a working-horse, S.

V. ~Haims~.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    _Baurghwan_ is used in the same sense, A. Bor.  Gael. Ir. _braigh_,
the neck; whence _braighaidain_, a collar.  The last syllable has more
resemblance of Teut. _hamme_, a collar.


BREDDIT, _part. pa._ Apparently, wreathed.

  _Palice of Hon._

    A. S. _bred-an_, Teut. _breyd-en_, to wreathe.


BREDE, WYNTER-BREDE, _s._ Provisions for winter.

  _Douglas._

    This may be merely _bread_.  But Isl. _braad_ is rendered, praeda,
esca, carnivori animalis.


BREDIR, _s. pl._ Brethren.

V. ~Brodir~.


BREDIS.

~In Bredis~.

V. ~Abreid~.

  _Houlate._

    _In brede_, as used by Chaucer, is rendered _abroad_.


BREE, BRIE, S. B. BREW, BROO, S. _s._

1. Broth, soup.

  _Ross._

"_Bree_, broth without meal," Gl. Yorks.

2. Juice, sauce, S.

"_Breau_ is supping meat, or gravy and fat for brewis," Gl. Yorks.

3. Water; moisture of any kind, S.

  _Burns._

Thus _snaw-brue_ is melted snow; _herring-bree_, the brine of a
herring-barrel, S.

    A. S. _briw_, Germ. _brue_, _bruhe_, id. liquor; q. decoctum,
according to Wachter, from _brau-en_, to boil; Isl. _brugg_, calida
coctio, from _brugg-a_, coquere.


BREE, _s._ Hurry, bustle.

  _Shirrefs._

    Su. G. _bry_, turbare, vexare.


BREE, _s._ The eye-brow.

V. ~Bre~.

_To_ BREED _of_, to resemble.

V. ~Brade~.


BREEK, BREIK, _s._ One leg of a pair of breeches, S. pl. _breeks_,
_breiks_, breeches.

  _Godscroft._

    Anc. Goth. and Isl. _brok_; A. S. _braec_, _brec_; Su. G.
_braeckor_; C. B. _bryccan_; Gael. _brigis_; Ir. _broages_; Lat.
_bracca_, id.  From this dress, the Romans gave the name of _Gallia
Braccata_ to one part of Gaul.


BREELLS, _s. pl._ Spectacles in general; but more strictly
double-jointed spectacles, Clydes.

    Germ. _brill_, Su. G. _briller_, id. oculi vitrei, L. B. _berill-us_.


BREER, BRERE, BRAIRD, BREARD, _s._ The first appearance of grain above
ground, after it is sown, S.

_A fine breer_, an abundant germination.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _brord_, frumenti spicae, "corn new come up, or the spires of
corn," Somner. "_Bruart_, the blades of corn just sprung up;" Gl.
Lancash.

_To_ ~Breer~, ~Brere~, ~Breard~, _v. n._ To germinate, to shoot forth
from the earth; applied especially to grain, S. _Brerde_, part. pa.
Loth, _brairded_.

  _Douglas._

~Breirding~, _s._ Germination; used metaph. in relation to divine truth.

  _Rutherford._


BREESSIL, _s._ The act of coming on in a hurry, Fife.

    A. S. _brastl_, crepitus, strepitus, _brastl-ian_, crepitare,
strepere.  Isl. _brys_, ardens calor; _bryss-a_, fervide aggredi.


BREGER, _s._ One given to broils and bloodshed.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _briguer_, a quarrelsome, contentious, or litigious person.
The origin is most probably Su. G. _brigd-a_, litigare.


BREHON, _s._ The name given to hereditary judges appointed by authority
to determine, on stated times, all the controversies which happened
within their respective districts. By the _Brehon_ law, even the most
atrocious offenders were not punished with death, imprisonment, or
exile; but were obliged to pay a fine called _Eric_.

  _Dr. Macpherson._

    Ir. _breathav_, _breitheav_, still signifies a judge.  Bullet
supposes that _Breth_ has been used in this sense by the ancient Gauls;
whence _Vergobret_, the name of the supreme magistrate among them. Ir.
_Fear go fraith_ literally signifies the man who judges.


_To_ BREY, _v. a._ To terrify.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _breg-an_, id. probably allied to Sw. _bry_, to vex.


_To_ BREID, BREDE, _v. n._ To resemble.

V. ~Brade~, _v. 5_.


BREID, _s._ Breadth. _On breid_, broad, or in breadth.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _braed_; Su. G. _bredd_, id.  _Brede_ occurs in O.E.

  _R. Brunne._


BREYFE, BREVE, _s._ A writing.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _braue_, literae; Germ. _brief_, a letter; Isl. Su. G. _bref_,
epistola, diploma; Fr. _brief_, _breve_, a writ. These are all from Lat.
_breve_.

_To_ ~Breif~, ~Breve~, ~Breue~, ~Brew~, _v. a._

1. To write, to commit to writing.

  _Palace of Hon._

2. To compose.

  _Dunbar._

    Alem. _gebriaf-an_, scribere; Su. G. _bebref-wa_, literis confirmare.
L. B. _breviare_, in breves redigere.


BREIRD, _s._ The surface, the uppermost part, the top of any thing, as
of liquids.

  _Melvill's MS._

    Evidently the same with ~Brerd~, q. v.


BREITH, _adj._ Proceeding from fervour of mind.

V. ~Braith~.

    Su. G. _braede_, ira.

~Breithful~.

V. ~Braithful~.


BREK, _s._ Breach. _Wattir brek_, the breaking out of water.

  _Douglas._


BREK, _s._ Uproar, tumult.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _brak_, strepitus, tumultus, _eg brak-a_, strepo, cerpo, Su. G.
_braak-a_; metaph. de molesto quovis labore.


BREME, _adj._ Furious, Wynt.

V. ~Brim~.


BRENDE, _part. pa._ Burnt, so as to be thoroughly purified.

V. ~Burnt Silver~.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._


BRENE, _s._ Corslet, habergeon.

V. ~Birnie~.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._


BRENT, _pret. and part._ Burned; S. _brunt_.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _brenn-ing_, burning; Isl. _brenn_, ardeo.


BRENT, _adj._ High, straight, upright, S.

  _Maitland Poems._

    It most frequently occurs in one peculiar application, in connexion
with _brow_, as denoting a high forehead, as contra-distinguished from
one that is flat.

  _Douglas._

    A. Bor. _brant_, or _brunt_, steep.  A brant hill, Northumb. It is
also used in Westmorel. _Brent-brow_, a steep hill; Su. G. _bryn_, vertex
montis; Isl. _brun-a_, to lift one's self on high.  Meo judicio _bryn_
notat id, quod ceteris superstat, aut prae aliis eminet; Ihre.  Isl.
_brun_, Germ. _aug-braunen_, Alem. _braane_, the eyebrow.  Sw. _brant_,
steep; _en brant klippa_, a steep rock.


BRENT-NEW, quite new.

V. ~Brand-new~.


BRERD, _s._ The whole substance on the face of the earth.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _brerd_, summum.


_To_ BRERE, _v. n._ To germinate.

V. ~Breer~.


BRESCHE, _s._ An attack.

  _Knox._

    Su. G. _brask-a_, sonitum edere, tumultum excitare denotat, a
simplici _brask_, sonitus; Ihre. It may, however, be originally the same
with _Brash_, q. v.


BRESS, _pl._ Bristles.

  _Dunbar._


BRESSIE, _s._ A fish, supposed to be the Wrasse, or Old Wife, Labrus
Tinca, Linn.

  _Sibbald._

    Perhaps radically the same with E. _wrasse_.


BREST, _part. pa._ Forcibly removed; or as denoting the act of breaking
away with violence; for _burst_.

  _Douglas._

    _Breste_, to burst. Chaucer.


BRETH, _s._ Apparently, rage, wrath.

  _Houlate._

    Su. G. Isl. _braede_, praeceps ira, furor.  This is probably allied
to _braad-a_, accelerare.


BRETHIR, BRETHER, _s. pl._ Brethren.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. and Sw. _broeder_, brethren.


BRETS, _s. pl._ The name given to the Welch or ancient _Britons_, in
general; also, to those of Strat-clyde, as distinguished from the Scots
and Picts.

  _Lord Hailes_.

Wyntown uses _Brettys_ as the pl.

    A. S. _Brettas_, Britones; _Bryt_, Brito, Britannus.


BRETTYS, _s._ A fortification.

  _Wyntown._

    L. B. _breteschia_, _briteschia_.  It properly denotes wooden towers
or castles: _Bretachiae_, castella lignea, quibus castra et oppida
muniebantur, Gallis _Bretesque_, _breteches_; Du Cange.  Perhaps
radically allied to Su. G, _bryt-a_, to contend, to make war.


_To_ BREVE, _v. a._ To write.

V. ~Breif~.


BREW, _s._ Broth, soup.

V. ~Bree~.


BREW-CREESH, _s._ A term expressive of a duty paid to a landholder or
superior, which occurs in old law-deeds. It is still used, Aberd.
Sometimes it is called _Brew-tallow_.


BRIBOUR, BRYBOUR, _s._ A low beggarly fellow.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Fr. _bribeur_, "a beggar, a scrap-craver; also, a greedy devourer;"
_briber_, to beg; and this from _bribe_, a lump of bread given to a
beggar; Cotgr. C. B. _briw_, _brib_, a morsel, a fragment.


BRICHT, BRYCHT, A young woman, strictly as conveying the idea of beauty.

  _Wallace._

    Merely a poetical use of the adj. _bright_; in the same manner as
ancient writers used _fre_, _clere_, &c.


BRID, BRIDDE, _s._ A bird, a pullet.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    A. S. _brid_ is used for chicken, as also S. _burd_.


BRIDLAND, _part. pre._

  _Polwart._

    Apparently, q. bridalling, drinking as freely as men do at a bridal.


BRIG, BREG, BRYG, _s._ A bridge, S. A. Bor. Lancash.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _bricg_, _brigge_, Su. G. _brygga_, Belg. _brug_, id.  Ihre
views _brygga_ as a diminutive from _bro_, anc. _bru_, which has the
same meaning.


BRIGANER, _s. pl._ A robber, S. B.

    Evidently from _brigand_.

  _Journ. Lond._


BRIL, _s._ The merry thought of a fowl.

V. ~Breels~.

  _Sibbald._

    Teut. _bril_, ossiculum circa pectus a specilli similitudine dictum.


BRYLIES, _s. pl._ Bearberries.

V. ~Brawlins~.


BRIM, BRYM, BREME, _adj._

1. Raging, swelling; applied to the sea.

  _Bellenden._

    Isl. _brim_, the raging of the sea.  The word is thus defined;
Aestus maris, vehementibus procellis littus verberans; Olai Lex. Run.
A. S. _brim_, _brym_, salum, aequor, mare, the sea.

2. Fierce, violent.

  _Bellenden._

3. Stern, rugged, applied to the countenance.

  _Douglas._

4. Denoting a great degree either of heat or of cold.

  _Douglas._

Thus, "a _brim_ frost," is still a common phrase for a severe frost, S.
B.

~Brymly~, _adv._ Fiercely, keenly. Wall. vii. 995.

V. ~Artailye~.


BRIM, _s._ A cant term for a trull, Loth.

    Callander of Craigforth, in some MS. notes, mentions _brim_, as
signifying a scold, S.  This has most probably been the primary sense.


_To_ BRYN, BRIN, BIRN, _v. a._ To burn.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _brinn-a_, Germ. _brenn-an_, id. A. S. _bryne_, burning.

~Brynstane~, _Brynt-stane_, _s._ Brimstone, sulphur.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _bryn_, incendium, and _stan_, q. lapis incendii seu
incendiarius.  Sw. _braensten_, id.


BRIN, BRINN, _s._ A ray, a beam, a flash, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


BRINK.

~To Brink~. Perhaps, inwardly.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    Q. in pectore; Isl.  Su. G. _bring-a_, pectus.


BRINKIT, _part. pa._ Perhaps, bronzed.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Su. G. _brinna_, to burn, or _braecka_, to roast.


BRISKET, BISKET, _s._ The breast, S.

  _Morison._

    Fr. _brichet_, id.  Perhaps we have the origin of the word in Isl.
_briosk_, Sw. _brusk_, gristle.  The word in E. denotes "the breast of
an animal." It bears this sense also in S., and is sometimes corr.
called _briskin_.


BRISMAK, _s._ The name given to Torsk, our Tusk, in Shetland.


BRISSAL, _adj._ Brittle. Gl. Sibb.

    Alem. _bruzzi_, fragilitas; Otfrid.  Fr. _bresiller_, rompre,
briser, mettre en pièces; Gl. Roquefort.


BRISSEL-COCK, _s._ Apparently the turkey-cock.

  _Pitscottie._

    Denominated perhaps from its rough and _bristly_ appearance; or q.
_Brasil-cock_, as, according to Pennant, the turkey was unknown to the
old world before the discovery of America.  "The first birds of this
kind," he supposes, "must have been brought from Mexico."


_To_ BRISSLE, _v. a._ To broil, &c.

V. ~Birsle~.


_To_ BRIST, BRYST, _s._ To burst.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _brest-a_, Dan. _brist-er_, frangi, rumpi, cum fragore
(crepitu) dissilire.


BRITH, _s._ A term which seems to mean wrath or contention.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _braede_, anger; _brigd_, controversy; _brigd-a_, to
litigate.


_To_ BRITTYN, BRYTEN, BRETYN, _v. a._

1. To break down, in whatever way.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. To kill; applied both to man and beast.

V. ~Bertynit~.

  _Douglas._

    It is also written _bertyn_. A. S. _bryt-an_, Su. G. _bryt-a_, Isl.
_briot-a_, frangere.


BRITURE, Houlate iii. 8., is in Bannatyne MS. _brit ure_.


_To_ BRIZE, _v. a._ To bruise.

V. ~Birse~.


BROAD-BAND.

V. ~Braid-band~.


_To_ BROCHE, _v. a._ To prick, to pierce.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _brocher un cheval_, to spur a horse, properly to strike him
hard with the spurs.

Hence,

~Broche~, _s._

1. A spit.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. "A narrow piece of wood or metal to support the stomacher," Gl. Sibb.

3. A wooden pin on which yarn is wound, S.

  _Douglas._

    Evidently the same with Fr. _broche_, a spit.  Arm. _brochen_
signifies a spit; from _broch-a_, to pierce, transfigere.


BROCHAN, _s._ (gutt.) Oat-meal boiled to a consistence somewhat thicker
than gruel, S. It differs from _crowdie_, as this is oat-meal stirred in
cold water.

  _Martin._

    Gael. _brochan_, pottage, also, gruel; C. B. _bryhan_, a sort of
flummery.


BROCHE, BRUCHE, BROACH, _s._

1. A chain of gold, a sort of _bulla_, or ornament worn on the breast.

  _Douglas._

2. A fibula, a clasp, a breast-pin, S.

  _Muses Threnodie._

    Isl. _bratz_ signifies _fibūla_, Su. G. _braz_, from Isl. _brus-a_,
to fasten together.  Gael. _broiside_, a clasp; _broisde_, a brooch,
Shaw.


BROCHT, _s._ The art of puking.

V. ~Braking~.

  _Leg. Bp. St Androis._

    C. B. _brock_, spuma.


_To_ BROCK.

V. ~Brok~.


BROCKED, BROAKIT, _adj._ Variegated, having a mixture of black and
white, S. A cow is said to be _broakit_, that has black spots or
streaks, mingled with white, in her face, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Su. G. _brokug_, _brokig_, party-coloured; Ir. _breach_, speckled;
Gael. _brucach_, speckled in the face.


BROCKLIE, _adj._ Brittle.

V. ~Brukyl~.


BROD, _s._ A board, any flat piece of wood, a lid, S. A. Bor. _breid_, a
shelf or board, Ray.

    Isl. _broth_, A. S. _braed_, _bred_, id.


_To_ BROD, _v. a._

1. To prick, to job; to spur, S.

  _Douglas. Complaynt S._

2. To pierce, used metaph., S.

  _Ferguson._

3. To incite, to stimulate; applied to the mind.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _brodd_, cuspis, aculeus; Isl. _brodd_, the point of an
arrow; sometimes the arrow itself, a javelin, any pointed piece of iron
or steel; _brydd-a_, pungere; Ir. Gael. _brod-am_, to spur, to
stimulate.

~Brod~, ~Brode~, _s._

1. A sharp-pointed instrument; as the goad used to drive oxen forward,
S.

  _Wyntown._

2. A stroke with a sharp-pointed instrument, S.

  _Complaynt S._

3. An incitement, instigation.

  _Douglas._

~Broddit Staff~, "A staff with a sharp point at the extremity," Gl.
Sibb. Also called a _pike-staff_, S. This is the same with
_broggit-staff_.

V. ~Brog~.


BRODYRE, BRODIR, _s._ A brother; pl. _bredir_, _bredyre_.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _brodur_, pl. _broeder_.

~Brodir-Dochter~, _s._ A niece, S.

  _Wyntown._

_Brodir-son_ or _brother-son_, and _sister-son_, are used in the same
manner; and _brother-bairn_ for cousin, S.

    A Swed. idiom. _Brorsdotter_, niece; _brorson_, nephew; _brorsbarn_,
the children of a brother.


BROD MALE, BRODMELL, _s._ The brood brought forth, or littered, at the
same time.

  _Douglas._

    From A. S. _brod_, proles, and _mael_, tempus; or O. Germ, _mael_,
consors, _socius_; whence _ee-ghe-mael_, conjunx, Kilian.

~Brod Sow~, A sow that has a litter.

  _Polwart._


_To_ BROG, _v. a._ To pierce, to strike with a sharp instrument, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Hence _broggit staff_, mentioned as a substitute for an ax.  The
term _prog-staff_ is now used in the same sense, q. v.

~Brog~, _s._

1. A pointed instrument; such as an awl, S.

2. A job with such an instrument, S.


BROG, BROGUE, _s._ A coarse and light kind of shoe, made of
horse-leather, much used by the Highlanders, and by those who go to
shoot in the hills, S.

    Ir. Gael. _brog_, a shoe.

  _Lord Hailes._


BROGH, _s._ _Ye man bring brogh and hammer for't_, i. e. You must bring
proof for it, Loth.

    In the North of Germany, the phrase _burg und emmer_ is used in a
similar sense, as denoting legal security. Our _brogh_ and Germ. _burg_
both denote suretyship. The proper meaning of _emmer_ is not known.


_To_ BROGLE, _v. a._ To prick, Loth. _Brog_, synon.


BROGUE, _s._ "_A hum, a trick_," S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _brogd_, astus, stratagemata, Verel. _brigd_, id.


BROICE. Leg. _Broite_.

  _Barbour._


_To_ BROIGH, _v. n._ To be in a fume of heat; to be in a state of
violent perspiration, and panting; Lanerks.

V. ~Brothe~, from which it is probably corr.


BROILLERIE, _s._ A state of contention.

V. ~Brulyie~.

  _Godscroft._

     Fr. _brouillerie_, confusion.


BROK, BROCK, BROKS, _s._ Fragments of any kind, especially of meat; S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

     Moes. G. _ga-bruko_, Alem. _bruch_, id. Hence also Germ. _brocke_,
a fragment.

_To_ ~Brok~, ~Brock~, _v. a._ To cut, crumble, or fritter any thing into
shreds or small parcels, S.

    Apparently formed as a frequentative from _break_; if not
immediately from the _s._


BROKAR, _s._ A bawd, a pimp.

  _Douglas._

    This is merely a peculiar use of E. _broker_.


BROKYLL, _adj._ Brittle.

V. ~Brukyl~.


BROKITTIS, _s. pl._ The same with E. _Brocket_, a red deer of two years
old.

    Fr. _brocart_, id.

  _Douglas._


BRONCHED, _pret._ Pierced.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    Probably an error for _broched_, from Fr. _brocher_.


BRONDYN, _part. pa._ Branched.

  _Houlate._

    Fr. _brondes_, green boughs or branches.


BRONYS, BROUNYS, BROWNIS, _s. pl._ Branches, boughs.

  _Douglas._

    From the same origin with the preceding word.


_To_ BRONSE, _v. n._ To overheat one's self in a warm sun, or by sitting
too near a strong fire, S.

    Isl. _bruni_, inflammatio, Moes. G. _brunsts_, incendium.


BRONT, _part. pa._ Burnt, S. _brunt_.

V. ~Bryn~, _v._

  _Douglas._


BROO, _s._ Broth, juice, &c.

V. ~Bree~.


BROODIE, _adj._

1. Prolific; applied to the female of any species, that hatches or
brings forth many young; as, _a broodie hen_, S.

2. Fruitful, in a general sense, S.

  _Z. Boyd._


BROOSE, _s._ A race at country weddings.

V. ~Bruse~.


BROSE, _s._ A kind of pottage made by pouring water or broth on meal,
which is stirred while the liquid is poured, S. The dish is denominated
from the nature of the liquid, as _water-brose_, _kail-brose_.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _ceales briu_, kail-broo, S.; _briwas niman_, to take pottage
or brose.


BROT, BROTACH, _s._ A quilted cloth or covering, used for preserving the
back of a horse from being ruffled by the _Shimach_, on which the
pannels are hung, being fastened to a pack-saddle; Mearns.

    Isl. _brot_, plicatura.


_To_ BROTCH, _v. a._ To plait straw-ropes round a stack of corn, S. B.;
synon. _Brath_, q. v.

    Isl. _brus-a_, to fasten.


BROTHE, _s._ "A great _brothe_ of sweet," a vulgar phrase used to denote
a violent perspiration, S.

    The word may be radically the same with _froth_; or allied to Isl.
_braede_, _braedde_, liquefacio.

_To_ ~Brothe~, _v. n._ To be in a state of profuse perspiration, S.

  _Chron. S. Poet._


BROTEKINS, BROTIKINS, _s. pl._ Buskins, a kind of half boots.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _brodequin_, Teut. _broseken_, a buskin.


BROUDSTER, _s._ Embroiderer.

V. ~Browdin~.

  _Pitscottie._

Fr. _brod-er_, to embroider.


BROUKIT, BROOKED, BRUCKIT, BRUKET, _adj._ The face is said to be
_broukit_, when it has spots or streaks of dirt on it, when it is partly
clean and partly foul. A sheep, that is streaked or speckled in the
face, is designed in the same manner.

  _Burns._

    There can be no doubt that this is originally the same with
~Brocked~, ~Broakit~.  We may add to the etymon there given, Dan.
_broged_, variegated; speckled, grisled.


BROW, _s. Nae brow_, no favourable opinion. "An ill _brow_," an opinion
preconceived to the disadvantage of any person or thing, S.

  _Mary Stewart._


BROWDIN, BROWDEN, _part. pa._ Fond, warmly attached, eagerly desirous,
having a strong propensity, S. It often implies the idea of folly in the
attachment, or in the degree of it.

  _Montgomerie._

"To _browden on_ a thing, to be fond of it. North." Gl. Grose.

    It may be formed from Belg. _broed-en_, to brood, to hatch; all
creatures being fond of their young.


BROWDYN, _part. pa._ Embroidered.

  _Wyntown._

    C. B. _brod-io_, and Fr. _brod-er_, to embroider. Isl. _brydd-a_,
pungere, _brodd_, aculeus.


BROWDIN, _part. pa._ Expl. "clotted, defiled, filthy," Gl. Sibb.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Teut. _brodde_, sordes.


BROWDYNE, _part. pa._ Displayed, unfurled.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _braed-an_, to dilate, to expand.


BROWNIE, _s._ A spirit, till of late years supposed to haunt some old
houses, those, especially, attached to farms. Instead of doing any
injury, he was believed to be very useful to the family, particularly to
the servants, if they treated him well; for whom, while they took their
necessary refreshment in sleep, he was wont to do many pieces of
drudgery, S.

  _Douglas._

    Ruddiman seems to think that these spirits were called _Brownies_,
from their supposed "swarthy or tawny colour."  They may be viewed as
corresponding with the _Swartalfar_, i. e. _swarthy_ or _black_ elves of
the Edda, as the _Liosalfar_, or white elves, are analogous to our
_Fairies_.


BROWST, BROWEST, _s._

1. As much malt liquor as is brewed at a time, S.

  _Burrow Lawes._

2. Used metaph. to denote the consequences of any one's conduct,
especially in a bad sense. This is often called "an ill _browst_," S.

  _Kelly._

    Isl. _brugg-a raed_, invenire callida consilia; _brugga suik_,
struere insidias.

~Browster~, ~Browstare~, _s._ A brewer, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _briw-an_, coquere cerevisiam; Teut. _brouw-en_, id.; Isl. eg
_brugg-a_, decoquo cerevisias.  In the ancient Saxon, the termination
_ster_ affixed to a s. masculine, makes it feminine.  Thus, _baecestre_
properly signifies _pistrix_, "a woman-baker." Somn.


_To_ BRUB, _v. a._ To check, to restrain, to keep under, to oppress, to
break one's spirit by severity, S. B.; allied perhaps to A. Bor. _brob_,
to prick with a bodkin, Gl. Grose.


BRUCHE, _s._

V. ~Broche~.


BRUCKIT, _adj._

V. ~Brocked~.


BRUCKLE, _adj._ Brittle.

V. ~Brukyl~.


BRUDERMAIST, _adj._ Most affectionate; literally, most brotherly.

  _Dunbar._


BRUE. _s._

V. ~Bree~.


BRUGH, BROGH, BROUGH, BURGH, _s._

1. An encampment of a circular form, S. B.

In Lothian, encampments of the circular form are called _Ring-forts_,
from A. S. _hring_, orbis, circulus.

2. This name is also given to the stronger sort of houses in which the
Picts are said to have resided.

  _Brand._

3. A borough. "A royal _brugh_;" "A _brugh_ of barony," as distinguished
from the other, S. B.

V. ~Burch~.

4. A hazy circle round the disk of the sun or moon, generally considered
as a presage of a change of weather, is called a _brugh_ or _brogh_, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    A. S. _beorg_, _borh_, munimentum, agger, arx, "a rampire, a place
of defence and succour," Somner; _burg_, castellum, Lye.  The origin is
probably found in Moes. G. _bairgs_, mons.


BRUICK, BRUK, _s._ A kind of boil, S.

  _Gl. Complaynt._

An inflamed tumour or swelling of the glands under the arm is called a
_bruick-boil_, S. B., pron. as _brook_.

    Isl. _bruk_, elatio, tumor; expl. of a swelling that suppurates.


_To_ BRUIK, BRUKE, BROOK, _v. a._ To enjoy, to possess.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    A. S. _bruc-an_, Franc. _gebruch-en_, Su. G.  Isl. _bruk-a_, Belg.
_bruyck-en_, Germ. _brauch-en_, to use.


BRUKYL, BROKYLL, BROKLIE, _adj._

1. Brittle, easily broken, S.

  _Kelly._

  _Hamilton._

2. Metaph. used in relation to the unsettled state of political matters.

  _Baillie._

3. It seems to signify soft, pliable, as applied to the mind.

  _Wyntown._

4. Fickle, inconstant.

  _Wallace._

5. Inconstant, as including the idea of deceit.

  _King's Quair._

6. Weak, delicate, sickly, S. B.

7. Apt to fall into sin, or to yield to temptation.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Teut. _brokel_, fragilis, from _brok-en_, frangere; Sw.
_braeckelig_, id. Germ. _brocklicht_, crumbling.

~Bruckilness~, ~Brokilness~, _s._

1. Brittleness, S.

2. Apparently, incoherence, or perhaps weakness; used metaphorically.

  _King's Quair._


BRUDY, _adj._ Prolific.

V. ~Broodie~.

  _Bellenden._


BRULYIE, BRULYEMENT, _s._

1. A brawl, broil, fray, or quarrel, S.

  _Ross._

2. Improperly used for a battle.

  _Hamilton._

    Fr. _brouiller_, to quarrel; Su. G. _bryl-la_, _foerbrilla_, to
embroil.


_To_ BRUND, _v. n._ To emit sparks as a flint does when struck.--_It's
brundin_, the fire flies from it, S. B.

    Su. G. _brinn-a_, to burn.

~Brunds~, ~Brundis~, ~Brwndys~, _s. pl._

1. Brands, pieces of wood lighted.

  _Wallace._

2. It seems to signify the remains of burnt wood, reduced to the state
of charcoal, and as perhaps retaining some sparks.

  _Barbour._

3. The term is still commonly used in Ang., only with greater latitude.

    A. S. _brond_ may be the origin; as in the second sense it merely
denotes a firebrand almost entirely burnt out.


BRUS, _s._ Force, _impetus_.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _bruyssch-en_, to foam or roar like the sea; Su. G. _brus-a_,
sonare; De aquis cum impetu ruentibus aut fluctibus maris; Ihre.


BRUSE, BROOSE, BRUISE, _s. To ride the bruse_.

1. To run a race on horseback at a wedding, S., a custom still preserved
in the country. Those who are at a wedding, especially the younger part
of the company, who are conducting the bride from her own house to the
bridegroom's, often set off, at full speed, for the latter. This is
called, _riding the bruse_. He who first reaches the house is said to
_win the bruse_.

  _Burns._

2. Metaph., to strive, to contend in whatever way.

  _R. Galloway._

This means nothing more than riding for the _brose_, _broth_ or _kail_,
the prize of _spice-broth_ allotted in some places to the victor.


_To_ BRUS, BRUSCH, _v. a._ To force open, to press up.

  _Wyntown._

    Sicamb. _bruys-en_, premere, strepere.


_To_ BRUSCH, _v. n._ To burst forth, to rush, to issue with violence.

V. ~Brus~, _s._

  _Wallace._


BRUSIT, _part. pa._ Embroidered.

  _Houlate._

    L. B. _brusd-us_, _brust-us_, acupictus; Du Cange.

~Brusury~, _s._ Embroidery.

  _Douglas._


BRUSSLE, _s._ Bustle, Loth.

V. ~Breessil~.

    A. S. _brastl-ian_, strepere.


_To_ BRUST, _v. n._ To burst.

  _R. Bruce._

    Teut. _brost-en_, _brusten_, Sw. _brist-a_, _id._


BRWHS, _s._ Apparently, the same with _Brus_.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ BU, BUE, _v. n._ To low. It properly denotes the cry of a calf, S.

    Lat. _boo_, _--are_, id.


BU, BOO, _s._

1. A sound meant to excite terror, S.

  _Presb. Eloquence._

2. A bugbear, an object of terror, Ibid.

    Belg. _bauw_, a spectre; C. B. _bo_, a hobgoblin.

~Bu-kow~, _s._ Any thing frightful, as a scarecrow, applied also to a
hobgoblin, S.

V. ~Cow~.

    From _bu_, and _kow_, _cow_, a goblin.

~Bu-man~, _s._ A goblin; the devil, S. used as _Bu-kow_.


BUB, BOB, _s._ A. blast, a gust of severe weather.

  _Douglas._

    Allied perhaps to Isl. _bobbe_, malum, noxae; or E. _bob_, to beat,
as denoting the suddenness of its impulse.


BUBBLY, _adj._ Snotty, S. A. Bor.

~Bubblyjock~, _s._ The vulgar name for a turkey cock, S. synon.
_Polliecock_, S. B.

  _Grose._

    The name seems to have originated from the shape of his comb.


BUCHT, _s._ A bending; a fold.

V. ~Bought~.


_To_ BUCK, _v. n._ To push, to butt, Perths.

    Alem. _bock-en_, to strike; Su. G. _bock_, impulsus.


_To_ BUCK _out_, _v. n._ To make a guggling noise.


BUCKER, _s._ A name given to a species of whale, West of S.

  _Statist. Acc._


BUCKIE, BUCKY, _s._

1. Any spiral shell of whatever size, S.

  _Muse's Threnodie._

_The Roaring Buckie_, Buccinum undatum, Linn. is the common great whelk.

    Teut. _buck-en_, to bow, to bend; as this expresses the twisted form
of the shell.

2. A perverse or refractory person is denominated a _thrawn buckie_, and
sometimes, in still harsher language, a _Deil's buckie_, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Buckie Ingram~, that species of crab denominated Cancer bernardus,
Newhaven.

~Buckie Prins~, A periwinkle; Turbo terebra, Linn. Also called
_Water-spouts_, Loth.


_To_ BUCKLE, _v. a._ To join two persons in marriage; used in a low or
ludicrous sense, S.

  _Macneill._

~Buckle-the-beggars~, s. One who marries others in a clandestine and
disorderly manner, S.


BUCKTOOTH, _s._ Any tooth that juts out from the rest, S.

    Sibb. derives this from _Boks_, q. v.  Perhaps allied to Su. G.
_bok_, rostrum.


BUD, _s._ A gift; generally one that is meant as a bribe.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    C. B. _budd_, Corn. _bud_, profit, emolument.  Or shall we view it
as formed from A. S. _bude_, obtulit, q. the bribe that has been
_offered_?

_To_ ~Bud~, ~Budd~, _v. a._ To endeavour to gain by gifts, to bribe.

  _Pitscottie._


BUDGE, _s._ A kind of bill, used in warfare.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _bouge_, _boulge_, faucille, serpe; Roquefort.


BUFE, _s._ Beef, S. B.

    Fr. _boeuf_, id. Isl. _bufe_, cattle; from _bu_, an ox.


_To_ BUFF, _v. n._ To emit a dull sound, as a bladder filled with wind
does, S.

  _Chr. Kirk._

_It played buff_, S. It made no impression.

    Belg. _boff-en_, to puff up the cheeks with wind; Fr. _bouff-er_,
id.


_To_ BUFF, _v. a. To buff corn_, to give grain half thrashing, S.

"The best of him is _buft_," a phrase commonly used to denote that one's
natural strength is much gone, S.

    Alem. _buff-en_, pulsare.

_To buff herring_, to steep salted herrings in fresh water, and hang
them up, S.

~Buff~, _s._ A stroke, a blow, S.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Fr. _bouffe_, a blow, L. B. _buffa_, alapa.


_To_ BUFF _out_, _v. n._ To laugh aloud, S.

    Fr. _bouffee_, a sudden, violent, and short blast, _buff-ir_, to
spurt.


BUFF, _s._ Nonsense, foolish talk, S.

  _Shirrefs._

    Teut. _beffe_, id. nugae, irrisio; Fr. _buffoi_, vanité; also
moquerie.


BUFF, _s._ Skin. _Stript to the buff_, stript naked, S.

    Perhaps from E. _buff_, as denoting leather prepared from the
_skin_ of a buffalo.


BUFF NOR STYE. _He cou'd neither say buff nor stye_, S. i. e. "He could
neither say one thing nor another." It is also used, but, I suspect,
improperly, in regard to one who has no activity; _He has neither buff
nor stye with him_ S. B.

    Teut. _bof_, celeusma, a cheer made by mariners.  _Stye_ might be
viewed as referring to the act of mounting the shrouds, from Su. G.
_stig-a_, to ascend.


BUFFER, _s._ A foolish fellow; a term much used among young people,
Clydes.

    Fr. _bouffard_, "often puffing, strouting out, swelling with anger,"
Cotgr.


BUFFETS, _s. pl._ A swelling in the glands of the throat, Ang.
(_branks_, synon.) probably from Fr. _bouffé_, swollen.


BUFFETSTOOL, _s._ A stool with sides, in form of a square table with
leaves, when these are folded down, S. Lincolns, id.

  _A. Douglas._

    Fr. _buffet_, a sideboard; expl. by Roquefort, dressoir, which
denotes a board for holding plates without box or drawer.


BUFFIE, BUFFLE, _adj._ Fat, purfled; applied to the face, S.

    Fr. _bouffé_, blown up, swollen.


BUFFONS, _s. pl._ Pantomimic dances.

    Fr. _boufons_, those by whom they were performed.


BUG, _pret._ Built.

V. ~Big~, _v._

  _Minstrelsy Border._


BUGE, _s._ "Lamb's fur; Fr. _agnelin_." Rudd.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _bouge_, E. _buge_, id.


BUGGE, _s._ A bugbear.

V. ~Boggarde~.


BUGGLE, _s._ A bog, a morass, S. B. This seems to be merely a dimin.
from Ir. and E. _bog_.


BUGIL, BUGILL, _s._ A buglehorn.

  _Douglas._

    Q. _buculae cornu_, the horn of a young cow; or from Teut.
_boghel_, Germ. _bugel_, curvatura.


BUICK, _pret._ Court'sied; from the v. _Beck_.

  _Ross._


_To_ BUIGE, _v. n._ To bow, to creenge.

  _Maitland Poems._

    A. S. _bug-an_, to bend.


BUIK, _s._ The body.

V. ~Bouk~.


BUIK, BUKE, _pret._ Baked.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _boc_, coxit, from _bac-an_.


BUIK, BUK, BUKE, _s._ A book, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Germ. _buch_, Alem. _bouch_, Belg. _boek_, A. S. _boc_, Moes. G.
Isl.  Su. G. _bok_, id.  It has been generally supposed, that the
Northern nations give this name to a book, from the materials of which
it was first made, _bok_ signifying a beech-tree.

~Buik-lare~, _s._ Learning, the knowledge acquired by means of a regular
education, S.

~Buik-lear'd~, ~Book-lear'd~, _adj._ Book-learned, S.

  _A. Nicol._

    Isl. _boklaerd-ur_, id.

V. ~Lare~, _v._ and _s._


BUIR, Leg. Leuir.

  _Wallace._


BUISE, _To shoot the buise._

  _Cleland._

    Apparently, _to swing_, to be hanged; perhaps from Ital. _busco_,
the shoot of a tree.


BUIST, _s._ A part of female dress, anciently worn in S.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _busq_, or _buste_, plated body, or other quilted thing, worn to
make or keep the body straight. Ital. _busto_, stays or boddice.


BUIST, BUSTE, BOIST, _s._

1. A box or chest, S. _Meal-buist_, chest for containing meal.

  _Acts Ja. II._

2. A coffin; nearly antiquated, but still sometimes used by tradesmen,
Loth.

    O. Fr. _boiste_, Arm. _bouest_, a box.

_To_ ~Buist~ _up_, _v. a._ To inclose, to shut up.

  _Montgomerie._

~Buist-maker~, _s._ A coffin-maker, Loth.; a term now nearly obsolete.


BUISTY, _s._ A bed, Aberd.

  _Gl. Shirr._ used perhaps for a small one, q. a little box.

V. ~Booshty~.


BUITH, _s._ A shop.

V. ~Bothe~.


BUITING, _s._ Booty.

  _Montgomerie._

    Fr. _butin_, Ital. _butino_, id.


BUITS, _s. pl._ Matches for firelocks.

  _Baillie's Lett._


_To_ BUKK, _v. a._ To incite, to instigate.

  _Evergreen._

    Germ. _boch-en_, to strike, _bock-en_, to push with the horn; Su. G.
_bock_, a stroke; Isl. _buck-a_, calcitrare.


BUK-HID, BUK-HUD, _s._

V. ~Belly-blind~.

  _Henrysone._

    This seems to be an old name for some game, probably _Blind man's
Buff_.


BU-KOW, _s._ Any thing frightful; hence applied to a hobgoblin, S.

V. ~Bu~.


BULDRIE, _s._ Building, or mode of building.

  _Burel._


BULYIEMENT, _s._ Habiliments; properly such as are meant for warfare.

V. ~Abulyiement~.

  _Ross._

    _Bulyiements_ is still used ludicrously for clothing, S.


_To_ BULL, _v. n._ To take the bull; a term used with respect to a cow.
Both the _v._ and _s._ are pron. q. _bill_, S.

    _Bill-siller_, S., is analogous to Teut. _bolle-gheld_, merces pro
admissura tauri.


_To_ BULLER, _v. n._

1. To emit such a sound as water does, when rushing violently into any
cavity, or forced back again, S.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _bullr-a_, tumultuari, strepitum edere.

2. To make a noise with the throat, as one does when gargling it with
any liquid, S. _guller_, synon.

  _Bellenden._

3. To make any rattling noise; as when stones are rolled downhill, or
when a quantity of stones falls together, S. B.

4. To bellow, to roar as a bull or cow does, S.; also pron. _bollar_,
Ang.

    Isl. _baul-a_, mugire, _baul_ mugitus.

5. It is used as _v. a._ to denote the _impetus_ or act productive of
such a sound as is described above.

  _Douglas._

~Buller~, ~Bulloure~, _s._

1. A loud gurgling noise, S.

  _Douglas._

Hence, _the Bullers of Buchan_, the name given to an arch in a rock, on
the coast of Aberdeenshire.

    Su. G. _buller_, strepitus.

2. A bellowing noise; or a loud roar, S. B.

V. the _v._


BULLETSTANE, _s._ A round stone, S.

    Isl. _bollut-ur_, round; _bollut_, convexity.


_To_ BULLIRAG, _v. a._ To rally in a contemptuous way, to abuse one in a
hectoring manner, S.

    Isl. _baul_, _bol_, maledictio, and _raegia_, deferre, to reproach.


BULLS, _s. pl._ Strong bars in which the teeth of a harrow are placed,
S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Su. G. _bol_, Isl. _bolr_, truncus.


BULL-SEGG, _s._ The great cat-tail or reedmace, Typha latifolia, Linn.
S. B.


BULL-SEGG, _s._ A gelded bull.

V. ~Segg~.


BULTY, _adj_. Large, Fife.

    This may be allied to Teut. _bult_, gibbus, tuber; Belg. _bult_, a
bunch, _bultje_, a little bunch; Isl. _buld_, crassus.


BULWAND, _s._ The name given to common mugwort, Orkney, Caithn.

  _Neill_.


_To_ BUM, _v. n._

1. To buzz, to make a humming noise; used with respect to bees, S. A.
Bor.

  _J. Nicol._

2. Used to denote the noise of a multitude.

  _Hamilton._

3. As expressing the sound emitted by the drone of a bag-pipe, S.

  _Ferguson._

4. Used to denote the freedom of agreeable conversation among friends,
S. B.

    Belg. _bomm-en_, to resound; Teut. _bomme_, a drum.

~Bum~, _s._ A humming noise, the sound emitted by a bee, S.,

V. the _v._

~Bumbee~, _s._ A humblebee, a wild bee that makes a great noise, S.
_Bumble-bee_, id. A. Bor.

    Q. the _bee_ that _bums_.

~Bum-Clock~, _s._ A humming beetle, that flies in the summer evenings.

  _Burns._


BU-MAN, _s._ A name given to the devil.

V. under ~Bu~.


BUMBARD, _adj._ Indolent, lazy.

    Ital. _bombare_, a humble-bee.

  _Dunbar._

~Bumbart~, _s._

1. The drone-bee, or perhaps a flesh-fly.

  _Melvill's MS._

2. A drone, a driveller.

  _Dunbar._


BUMBAZED, BOMBAZED, _adj._ Stupified, S.

V. ~Bazed~.

  _Ross._

    Q. stupified with noise; from Teut. _bomme_, tympanum, and _baesen_,
delirare.


BUMMACK, BUMMOCK, _s._

1. An entertainment anciently given at Christmas by tenants to their
landlords, Orkn.

  _Wallace's Orkn._

2. A brewing of a large quantity of malt, for the purpose of being drunk
at once at a merry meeting.--Caithn.

    Isl. _bua_, parare, and _mage_ socius, q. to make preparation for
one's companions; or _bo_ villa, incola, and _mage_, the fellowship of a
village or of its inhabitants.


BUMMIL, BUMMLE, BOMBELL, _s._ Expl. a drone, an idle fellow.

V. ~Batie-Bummil~.

  _Burns._

    Teut. _bommele_, fucus.


_To_ BUMMIL, _v. a._ To bungle; also, as _v. n._ to blunder, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Bummeler~, ~Bumler~, _s._ A blundering fellow, S.


BUMP, _s._ A stroke. "He came _bump_ upon me," he came upon me with a
stroke, S.

    Isl. _bomps_, a stroke against any object, _bomp-a_, cita ruina
ferri.


BUN, BUNN. _s._ A sweet cake or loaf, generally one of that kind which
is used at the new year, baked with fruit and spiceries; sometimes for
this reason called a _sweetie-scone_, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Ir. _bunna_, a cake.


BUN, _s._

1. The same as E. _bum_.

  _Lyndsay._

2. This word signifies the tail or brush of a hare, Border; being used
in the same sense with _fud_.

  _Watson's Coll._

    Ir. _bon_, _bun_, the bottom of any thing; Dan. _bund_, id.; Gael.
_bun_, bottom, foundation.


BUN, _s._ A large cask placed in a cart, for the purpose of bringing
water from a distance; Ang.

    This may be radically the same with S. _boyn_, a washingtub.


BUNE, BOON, _s._ The inner part of the stalk of flax, the core, that
which is of no use, afterwards called _shaws_, Ang. _Been_, id. Morays.


BUNEWAND, _s._ The cow-parsnip, Heracleum sphondylium, is called
_Bunwand_, S. B.

  _Montgomerie._

    This appears to be of the same meaning with _Bunwede_, q. v.


BUNG, _adj._ Tipsy, fuddled; a low word, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Q. Smelling of the _bung_.


BUNKER, BUNKART, _s._

1. A bench, or sort of low chest serving for a seat.

  _Ramsay._

2. A seat in a window, which also serves for a chest, opening with a
hinged lid, S.

 _Sir J. Sinclair._

3. It seems to be the same word which is used to denote an earthen seat
in the fields, Aberd.

  _Law Case._

    A. S. _benc_, Su. G. _baenck_, a bench; Isl. _buncke_, acervus,
strues; a heap.


BUNKLE, _s._ A stranger. "The dog barks, because he kens you to be a
_bunkle_." This word is used in some parts of Angus.

    Perhaps originally a mendicant; from Isl. _bon_, mendicatio, and
_karl_, vulgarly _kall_, homo.


BUNNERTS, _s. pl._ Cow-parsnip, S. B. Heracleum sphondylium, Linn.

    Perhaps Q. _biorn-oert_, which in Sw. would be, the bear's wort.


BUNTLING, _s._ Bantling, E., a bird, S.


BUNWEDE, _s._ Ragwort, an herb; Senecio jacobaea, Linn. S. _binweed_;
synon. _weebow_.

  _Houlate._

    This name is also given, S. to the Polygonum convolvulus, which in
Sw. is called _Binda_.


BUR, _s._ The cone of the fir, S. B.

    Su. G. _barr_ denotes the leaves or needles of the pine.


BUR-THRISSIL, _s._ The spear-thistle, S. Carduus lanceolatus.
_Bur-thistle_, id. A. Bor.


_To_ BURBLE, _v. n._ To purl.

  _Hudson._

    Teut. _borbel-en_, scaturire.


BURCH, BWRCH, BUROWE, _s._ Borough, town.

  _Dunbar._

    Moes. G. _baurgs_; A. S. _burg_, _burh_, _buruh_, id.


BURD, _s._ A lady, a damsel.

V. ~Bird~.


BURD, BURDE, _s._ Board, table.

  _Dunbar._

    Moes. G. _baurd_, asser, tabula, A. S. _bord_, id.

~Burdclaith~, _s._ A tablecloth, S. Westmorel., id.

  _Dunbar._

    From _burd_, and _claith_, cloth.


BURDALANE, _s._ A term used to denote one who is the only child left in
a family; q. _bird alone_, or, solitary; _burd_ being the pron. of
_bird_.

  _Maitland MSS._


BURDE, _s._ Ground, foundation.

    Su. G. _bord_, a footstool.

  _Bellenden._


BURDE, _s._ A strip, properly an ornamental salvedge; as a "_burde_ of
silk," a salvedge of silk.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _borda_, limbus vel praetexta; unde _silkesborda_, cingulum
sericum vel limbus; _gullbord_, limbus aureus; Teut. _boord_, limbus.


BURDYN, _adj._ Wooden, of or belonging to _boards_.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _bord_, S. _burd, buird_, a board, a plank.


BURDING, _s._ Burden.

V. ~Birth, Byrth~.

  _Montgomerie._


BURDINSECK.

V. ~Berthinsek~.


BURDIT, _part. pa._ Stones are said to be _burdit_, when they split into
lamina, S. perhaps from _burd_, a board; q. like wood divided into thin
planks.


BURDLY, BUIRDLY, _adj._ Large and well-made, S. The E. word _stately_ is
used as synon.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _burdur_, the habit of body, strength, propriae vires;
_afburdur menn_, excellent men.


BURDON, BURDOUN, BURDOWNE, _s._

1. A big staff, such as pilgrims were wont
to carry.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _bourdon_, a pilgrim's staff; O. Fr. _bourde_, a baton; Isl.
_broddstafur_, scipio, _hastulus_, hastile.

2. _Be staff and burdon_; a phrase respecting either investiture or
resignation.

  _Bellenden._


BURDOUN, _s._ "The drone of a bag-pipe, in which sense it is commonly
used in S."

  _Ruddiman._

    Fr. _bourdon_, id.


BURDOWYS, _s._ Men who fought with clubs.

  _Barbour._

    _Burdare_, (Matt. Paris), is to fight with clubs, after the manner
of clowns, qui, he says, Anglis _Burdons_.


BUREDELY, _adv._ Forcibly, vigorously.

V. ~Burdly~.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._


BUREIL, BURAL, _adj._ Vulgar, rustic.

  _Wallace._

    Chaucer _borel_, id.; L. B. _burell-us_, a species of coarse cloth;
Teut. _buer_, a peasant.


BURG _of ice_, a whale-fisher's phrase for a field of ice floating in
the sea, S., most probably from its resemblance of a _castle_.


BURGENS, _s. pl._ Burgesses.

  _Wyntown._

    Lat. _burgens-es_.


BURGEOUN, _s._ A bud, a shoot.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _burgeon_, id.; Su. G. _boerja_, oriri; Isl. _bar_, gemma
arborum.


BURIAN, _s._ A mound, a tumulus; or a kind of fortification, S. Aust.

  _Statist. Acc._

    From A. S. _beorg_, _burg_, mons, acervus; or _byrigenn_, _byrgene_,
sepulcrum, monumentum, tumulus.


BURIO, BOREAU, BURRIO, BURIOR, BURRIOUR, _s._ An executioner.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _bourreau_, id.


BURLAW, BYRLAW, BIRLEY, BARLEY. _Byrlaw Court_, a court of neighbours,
residing in the country, which determines as to local concerns.

  _Skene. Reg. Maj._

    From Belg. _baur_ (boer) a husbandman, and _Law_; or as Germ.
_bauer_, A. S. _bur_, Isl. _byr_, signify a village, as well as a
husbandman, the term may signify the _Law_ of the _village_ or district.

~Burlie-Bailie~, _s._ An officer employed to enforce the laws of the
_Burlaw-courts_.

  _Ramsay._


BURLED, BURLIT, _part. pa._

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Does this signify _burnt_, from Fr. _brul-er_?


BURLY, _s._ A crowd, a tumult, S. B.

    Teut. _borl-en_, to vociferate.  Hence E. _hurly-burly_.


BURLY, BUIRLIE, _adj._ Stately, strong; as applied to buildings.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _boer_, Germ. _bauer_, a boor, with the termination _lic_,
denoting resemblance.


BURLINS, _s. pl._ The bread _burnt_ in the oven in baking, S. q.
_burnlins_.


BURN, _s._

1. Water, particularly that which is taken from a fountain or well S.

  _Ferguson._

    Moes. G. _brunna_, Su. G. _brunn_, Isl. _brunn-ur_, Germ. _brun_,
Teut. _burn_, _borne_, a well, a fountain; Belg. _bornwater_, water from
a well. A rivulet, a brook. S. A. Bor.

  _Douglas._

2. E. bourn. In this sense only A. S. _burn_, and _byrna_, occur; or as
signifying a torrent.

3. The water used in brewing, S. B.

  _Lyndsay_.

4. Urine, S. B. "To make one's _burn_," mingere. Germ. _brun_, urina.

~Burnie~, ~Burny~, is sometimes used as a dimin. denoting a small brook,
S.

  _Beattie_.


_To_ BURN, _v. a._

1. One is said to be _burnt_, when he has suffered in any attempt. _Ill
burnt_, having suffered severely, S.

  _Baillie._

2. To deceive, to cheat in a bargain, S. One says that he has been
_brunt_, when overreached. These are merely oblique senses of the E. v.


BURNET, _adj._ Of a brown colour.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _brunette_, a dark brown stuff formerly worn by persons of
quality.


BURNEWIN, _s._ A cant term for a blacksmith, S.

  _Burns._

"_Burn-the-wind_,--an appropriate term," N.


BURNT SILVER, BRINT SILVER, silver refined in the furnace.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Isl. _brendu silfri_, id.  Snorro Sturleson shews that _skirt
silfr_, i. e. pure silver, and _brennt silfr_, are the same.


BURR, BURRH, _s._ The whirring sound made by some people in pronouncing
the letter _r_; as by the inhabitants of Northumberland, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    This word seems formed from the sound.


BURRA, _s._ The most common kind of rush, Orkn.; there the Juncus
squarrosus.


BURRACH'D, _part. pa._ Inclosed.

V. ~Bowrach'd.~


_To_ BURRIE, _v. a._ To overpower in working, to overcome in striving at
work, S. B.

    Allied perhaps to Fr. _bourrer_, Isl. _ber-ia_, to beat.


BURRY, _adj._

  _Henrysone._

    Either rough, shaggy, from Fr. _bourru_, "flockie, hairie, rugged,"
Cotgr. or savage, cruel, from Fr. _bourreau_, an executioner.

V. ~Burio~.


BURROWE-MAIL,

V. ~Mail~.


BURSAR, _s._ One who receives the benefit of an endowment in a college,
for bearing his expences during his education there, S.

  _Buik of Discipline_.

    L. B. _Bursar-ius_, a scholar supported by a pension; Fr.
_boursier_, id. from L. B. _bursa_, an ark, Fr. _bourse_, a purse.
_Bourse_ also signifies "the place of a pensioner in a college," Cotgr.

~Bursary~, ~Burse~, _s._ The endowment given to a student in a
university, an exhibition, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


BURSIN, BURSTEN, _part. pa._

1. Burst, S.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Overpowered with fatigue; or so overheated by exertion as to drop
down dead, S.


BUS, _s._ A bush, S. _buss_.

V. ~Busk~.

  _Douglas._


BUSCH, _s._ Boxwood, S. B.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _bosse-boom_, _busboom_, Fr. _bouis_, _buis_, Ital. _busso_,
id.


_To_ BUSCH, _v. n._ To lay an ambush; pret. _buschyt_.

  _Wallace._

    O. E. _bussed_.

  _R. Brunne_.

    Ital. _bosc-are_, _imbosc-are_, from _bosco_, q. to lie hid among
bushes.

~Buschement~, _s._ Ambush.

  _Wallace._

    O. E. _bussement_.

  _R. Brunne._


_To_ BUSE, BUST, _v. a._ To inclose cattle in a stall, S. B.

    A. S. _bosg_, _bosig_, praesepe; E. _boose_, a stall for a cow,
Johns.


_To_ BUSH, _v. a._ To sheathe, to inclose in a case or box, S.; applied
to the wheels of carriages.

    Su. G. Belg. _bosse_, a box or case of any kind.


BUSH, _interj._ Expressive of a rushing sound, as that of water spouting
out, Tweedd.

  _J. Nicol._

    L. B. _bus-bas_, a term used to denote the noise made by fire-arms
or arrows in battle.


_To_ BUSK, _v. a._

1. To dress, to attire one's self, to deck, S.; _bus_, A. Bor. id.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _butz-en_, _buss-en_, Belg. _bocts-en_, Su. G. _puts-a_,
_puss-a_, ornare, decorare; Germ. _butz_, _buss_, ornatus; hence _butz
frau_, a well-dressed woman.

2. To prepare, to make ready, in general, S.

 _Sir Tristrem._

3. _v. n._ To tend, to direct one's course towards.

  _Gawan and Gol._

4. It sometimes seems to imply the idea of rapid motion; as equivalent
to _rush_.

  _Barbour._

~Busking~, _s._ Dress, decoration.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


BUSK, _s._ A bush.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. Isl. _buske_, Germ. _busch_, Belg. _bosch_, frutex. Ital.
_bosco_, wood.


BUSKENING, _s._

 _Sir Egeir._

    Apparently high-flown language, like that used on the stage; from E.
_buskin_, the high shoe anciently worn by actors.


BUSSIN, _s._ A linen cap or hood, worn by old women, much the same as
_Toy_, q. v. West of S.

    Perhaps from Moes. G. _buss-us_, fine linen, Gr. βυσσινον, id.


BUSSING, _s._ Covering.

  _Evergreen._

    Perhaps from Germ. _busch_, _fascis_, a bundle, a fardel.


BUST, _s._ A box.

V. ~Buist~.


BUST, BOOST, _s._ "Tar mark upon sheep, commonly the initials of the
proprietor's name," Gl. Sibb.

    Perhaps what is taken out of the tar-_bust_ or box.


_To_ BUST, _v. a._ To powder, to dust with flour, Aberd. _Must_, synon.

    This _v._ is probably formed from _bust_, _buist_, a box, in
allusion to the _meal-buist_.


_To_ BUST, _v. a._ To beat, Aberd. Isl. _boest-a_, id.


BUSTINE, _adj._ "Fustian, cloth," Gl.

  _Ramsay._

    Perhaps it rather respects the shape of the garment; from Fr.
_buste_, "the long, small or sharp-pointed, and hard-quilted belly of a
doublet;" Cotgr.


BUSTUOUS, BUSTEOUS, _adj._

1. Huge, large in size.

  _Douglas._

2. Strong, powerful.

  _Lyndsey._

3. "Terrible, fierce," Rudd.

4. Rough, unpolished.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _bus-a_, cum impetu ferri; Teut. _boes-en_, impetuose
pulsare.

~Bustuousness~, _s._ Fierceness, violence.

  _Douglas._


BUT, _prep._ Without.

V. ~Bot~.


BUT, _adv._

1. Towards the outer apartment of a house, S.

  _Dunbar._

2. In the outer apartment.

  _Dunbar._

_To gae but_, to go forward, or into, the outer apartment; sometimes
called the _but-house_, S. It is also used as a prep. _Gae but the
house_, S.

V. ~Ben~.

    A. S. _bute_, _buta_, Teut. _buyten_, extra, foras; forth, out of
doors.


BUT, _s._ The outer apartment of a house, S.

  _Dunbar._


BUT, _prep._ Besides.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _butan_, praeter.


BUT, _v. imp._ Expressive of necessity, S.

V. ~Boot~.


BUT, _s._ Let, impediment, S. This is merely the _prep._ used as a
substantive.


BUT AND, _prep._ Besides.

V. ~Botand~.


BUTER, BUTTER, _s._ Bittern.

V. ~Boytour~.


BUTT, _s._

1. A piece of ground, which in ploughing does not form a proper ridge,
but is excluded as an angle, S.

2. A small piece of ground disjoined from the adjacent lands.

    Fr. _bout_, end, extremity.  L. B. _butta terrae_, agellus.

3. Those parts of the tanned hides of horses which are under the
crupper, are called _butts_, probably as being the extremities, S.


BUTWARDS, _adv._ Towards the outer part of a room, S. B.

  _Ross._


BWNIST, _adj._ Uppermost.

  _Dunbar._

    From _boon_, contr. from _abone_, above, corresponding to modern
_boonmost_, uppermost, q. v. Belg. _bovenste_, id. from _boven_, above.



C


CA, CAW, _s._ A walk for cattle, a particular district, S. B.

V. ~Call~, ~Caw~, _v._

  _Ross._


CA, _s._ A pass or defile between hills, Sutherl.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ CAB, _v. a._ To pilfer, Loth.


CABARR, _s._ A lighter.

V. ~Gabert~.

  _Spalding._


CABBACK, _s._ A cheese.

V. ~Kebbuck~.


CABBIE, KEBBIE, _s._ A box, made of laths, narrow at the top, used as a
pannier for carrying grain on horseback; one being carried on each side
of the horse; Sutherl.

  _Statist. Acc._


CABBRACH, _adj._ Rapacious, laying hold of every thing, S. B.

  _Ross._


CABELD, _adj._ Reined, bridled.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _kebel_, a rope.


CABIR, KABAR, KEBBRE, _s._

1. A rafter, S.

  _Douglas_.

2. The same term is used to denote the transverse beams in a kiln, on
which grain is laid for being dried, S.

    C. B. _keibr_, Corn. _keber_, a rafter; Ir. _cabar_, a coupling;
Teut. _keper_, a beam, a brace.


CABROCH, _adj._ Lean, meagre; _skeebroch_, Galloway.

  _Evergreen._

    Ir. Gael. _scabar_, thin.


CACE, CAIS, _s._ Chance, accident. _On cace_, by chance.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _cas_, id.


_To_ CACHE, CAICH, CADGE, _v. a._ To toss, to drive, to shog, S.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _kaats-en_, to toss, Ital. _cacc-iare_, to drive.


CACHE-KOW, _s._ A cow-catcher, a cow-stealer.

  _Douglas._


CADDIS, _s._ Lint for dressing a wound, S.

    Gael. _cadas_, a pledget.


_To_ CADGE.

V. ~Cache~.


CADGELL, _s._ A wanton fellow.

V. ~Caigie~.


CADIE, _s._

1. One who gains a livelihood by running of errands, or delivering
messages; a member of a society in Edinburgh, instituted for this
purpose, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. A boy; especially as employed in running of errands, or in any
inferior sort of work, S.

3. A young fellow; used in a ludicrous sense, S.

  _Burns._

    Fr. _cadet_, a younger brother.


CADGY, CADY, _adj._

V. ~Caigie~.


CADUC, _adj._ Frail, fleeting.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _caduque_, Lat. _caduc-us_, id.


CAFF, _s._ Chaff, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _ceaf_, Germ, _kaf_, id. palea.


CAFLIS, _pl._ Lots.

V. ~Cavel~.


CAHUTE, _s._

1. The cabin of a ship.

  _Evergreen._

2. A small or private apartment of any kind.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _kaiute_, _koiute_, Su. G. _kaijuta_. id.


CAIB, _s._ The iron employed in making a spade, or any such instrument;
Sutherl.

    Gael. _ceibe_, a spade.

  _Statist. Acc._


CAIF, KAIF, _adj._ Tame, South of S.

    Sw. _kufw-a_, to tame.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ CAIGE, CAIDGE, _v. n._ To wanton, to wax wanton.

  _Philotus._

    Su. G. _kaett-jas_, lascivire.

~Caigie~, ~Caidgy~, ~Cady~, ~Keady~, _adj._

1. Wanton, S. _Kiddy_, Ang.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Cheerful, sportive; having the idea of innocence conjoined, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Dan. _kaad_, Su. G. _kaat_, salax, lascivus; Isl. _kaat-ur_,
hilaris.

~Cadgily~, _adv._ Cheerfully, S.

  _Ferguson._


CAIK, _s._ A stitch, a sharp pain in the side, South of S.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Teut. _koeck_, obstructio hepatis.


CAIK, _s._ A cake of oat-meal, S.

  _Knox._

~Caik-Fumler~, _s._ A parasite, a toad-eater; or perhaps, a covetous
wretch.

  _Douglas._


CAIL, _s._ Colewort, S.

V. ~Kail~.


CAYNE, _s._ An opprobrious term.

  _Kennedy._


CAIP, CAPE, _s._ The highest part of any thing, S.

Hence, _caip-stane_, the cope-stone, S.

    Teut. _kappe_, culmen.


CAIP, _s._ A coffin.

  _Henrysone._

    A. S. _cofe_, cavea.


_To_ CAIR, KAIR, _v. a._ To drive backwards and forwards, S. _Care_, Gl.
Sibb.

    Isl. _keir-a_, Su. G. _koer-a_, vi pellere.


_To_ CAIR, CAYR, _v. n._ To return to a place where one has been before.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _cerr-an_, to return, Belg. _keer-en_, Germ. _ker-en_, to
turn.


CAIR, CAAR, CARRY, KER, _adj._ Left.

Hence, _cair-handit_, _carry-handit_, left-handed, S.

V. ~Ker~.


CAIRD, CARD, KAIRD, _s._

1. A gipsy, one who lives by stealing, S.

  _Ross._

2. A travelling tinker, S.

  _Burns._

3. A sturdy beggar, S.; synon. with _Sornar_.

4. A scold, S. B.

    Ir. _ceard_, _ceird_, a tinker.


CAIRN, _s._

1. A heap of stones thrown together in a conical form, S.

  _Pennant._

2. A building of any kind in a ruined state, a heap of rubbish, S.

  _Burns._

    Gael. Ir. _carne_, C. B. _carneddaw_, id.


CAIRT, _s._ A chart or map.

  _Burel._

    Teut. _karte_, Fr. _carte_, id.


CAIRTS, _s. pl._ Cards, as used in play, S.

    Fr. _carte_, id.

~Cairtaris~, _s. pl._ Players at cards.

  _Knox._


CAIR-WEEDS, _s. pl._ Mourning weeds, q. "weeds of care."

  _Dunbar._


_To_ CAIT, _v. n._

V. ~Cate~.


CAITCHE, CAICHE, _s._ A kind of game.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _ketsc_, ictus pilae, _kaets-en_, ludere pila.


CALCHEN, _s._ (gutt.) A square frame of wood, with ribs across it, in
the form of a gridiron, on which candle-fir is dried in the chimney, S.
B.

    Isl. _kialke_, a sledge, _sperru-kialki_, rafters.


CALD, CAULD, _adj._

1. Cold, S.

  _Popular Ball._

2. Cool, deliberate, not rash in judgment.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _kalds_, A. S. _ceald_, Alem. _chalt_, Isl. _kalt_,
frigidus.

~Cald~, ~Cauld,~ _s._

1. Cold, the privation of heat, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. The disease caused by cold, S.

~Cauld Coal~. _He has a cauld coal to blaw at_, "He is engaged in work
that promises no success," S. Prov.

~Caldrife~, ~Cauldrife~, _adj._

1. Causing the sensation of cold, S.

  _Ross._

2. Very susceptible of cold, S.

3. Indifferent, cool, not manifesting regard or interest, S.

  _Ferguson._

_Cald_, and _rife_, q. "abounding in cold."

~Cauldrifeness~, ~Coldrifeness~, _s._

1. Susceptibility of cold, chilness, S.

2. Coolness, want of ardour, S.

  _Baillie._

~Cauld Steer~, Sour milk and meal _stirred_ together in a _cold_ state,
S. B.


CALFLEA, _s._ Infield ground, one year under natural grass; probably
thus denominated from the _calves_ being fed on it, Ang.


CALFING, _s._ Wadding.

V. ~Colf~.


CALICRAT, _s._ Apparently an emmet or ant.

  _Burel._


_To_ CALKIL, _v. a._ To calculate.

    Fr. _calcul-er_, id.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ CALL, CA', CAA, CAW, _v. a._

1. To drive, to impel in any direction, S.

  _Barbour._

2. To strike, with the prep. _at_, S.

  _Sir Egeir._

    Dan. _kage_, leviter verberare.

_To_ ~Call~, ~Ca'~, _v. n._

1. To move quickly, S.

  _Ross._

2. To go in, or enter, in consequence of being driven, S.

  _Bord. Minstrelsy._

~Call~, ~Caw~ _of the water_, the motion of it in consequence of the
action of the wind, S.

~Caller~, _s._ One who drives horses or cattle under the yoke.

  _Barry._


CALLAN, CALLAND, CALLANT, _s._

1. A stripling, a lad; "a young _calland_," a boy, S.

  _Baillie._

2. Applied to a young man, as a term expressive of affection, S.

  _Waverley._

3. Often used as a familiar term, expressive of affection to one
considerably advanced in life, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Fr. _gallant_, Douglas uses _gallandis_ for _juvenes_.


CALLOT, _s._ A _mutch_ or cap for a woman's head, without a border, Ang.

    Fr. _calotte_, a coif.


CALLOUR, CALLER, CAULER, _adj._

1. Cool, refreshing; "_a callour day_," a cool day, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Fresh, not in a state of putridity, S., as _callour meat_, _callour
fish_, &c.

  _Bellenden._

3. Having the plump and rosy appearance of health, as opposed to a
sickly look, S. Isl. _kalldur_, frigidus.


CALOO, CALLOW, CALAW, _s._ The pintail duck, Anas acuta, Linn. Orkn.

  _Barry._


CALSAY, _s._ Causeway, street.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


CALSHIE, CALSHAGH, _adj._ Crabbed, ill humoured, S.

  _Morison._

    Isl. _kals-a_, irridere, _kalzug-ur_, derisor.


CALMES, CAUMS, _s. pl._

1. A mould, a frame, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. The small cords through which the warp is passed in the loom, S.,
synon. _heddles_.

3. _In the caulms_, in the state of being framed or modelled, metaph.

  _Baillie._

    Germ. _quem-en_, quadrare; Su.G. _bequaem_, Belg. _bequaam_, fit,
meet.


CALSUTER'D, _adj._ Apparently for calfuter'd, caulked.

  _Chron. S. Poet._

    Fr. _calfeutrer_, Dan. _kalfatre_, to caulk.


CALVER, _s._ A cow with calf, S.

    Teut. _kalver-koe_, id.


CAMBIE-LEAF, _s._ The water-lily, Nymphaea alba et lutea, Linn. S. B.


CAMDUI, s. A species of trout.

  _Sibbald._

    Gael. _cam_, crooked, and _dubh_, black.


CAMY, CAMOK, _adj._

1. Crooked.

  _Maitland Poems._

2. Metaph. used to denote what is rugged and unequal.

  _Douglas._

    Ir. Gael. _cam_, C. B. _kam_, L. B. _cam-us_.


CAMLA-LIKE, _adj._ Sullen, surly; Aberd.

  _Journ. Lond._

    Isl. _kamleit-r_, id., tetricus.


CAMMERAIGE, CAMROCHE, _s._ Cambric.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Named from _Cambray_, in Lat. _Camerac-um_, in Teut. _Camerijk_.


CAMMON, CAMMOCK, _s._

1. A crooked stick, S.

2. The game also called _Shinty_, Perths.

    Celt. _cambaca_, id. Bullet. Gael. _caman_, a hurling-club.


CAM-NOSED, CAMOW-NOSED, _adj._ Hook-nosed.

V. ~Camy~.

  _Polwart._


CAMOVYNE, CAMOWYNE, _s._ Camomile, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ CAMP, _v. n._

1. To contend.

V. ~Kemp~.

  _Melvill's MS._

2. To romp, Loth.

    Germ. _kamp-en_, certare.


CAMPERLECKS, _s. pl._ Magical tricks, Buchan; synon. _Cantraips_.

    Perhaps Teut. _kaemper_, a wrestler, and _lek_, play, q. jousts,
tournaments.


CAMPY, _adj._

1. Bold, brave, heroical; Gl. Sibb.

2. Ill-natured, contentious, Loth.

V. ~Camp~, _v._


CAMPIOUN, _s._ A champion.

  _Bellenden._

    Ital. _campione_, id.


CAMPRULY, _adj._ Contentious, S. A.

    Isl. _kempa_, pugil, and _rugla_, turbare.


CAMSCHO, CAMSCHOL, _adj._

1. Crooked.

  _Douglas._

2. Denoting a stern, grim, or distorted countenance.

  _Ramsay._

3. Ill-humoured, contentious, crabbed; Ang.

V. ~Camy~.


CAMSHAUCHEL'D, _part. adj._

1. Distorted, awry, S.

  _Nicol._

2. Angry, cross, quarrelsome, S.

    _Cam_, crooked, and _shachle_, q. v.


CAMSTERIE, CAMSTAIRIE, _adj._ Froward, perverse, unmanageable, S.

    Germ. _kamp_, battle, and _starrig_, stiff, q. obstinate in fight.


CAMSTONE, _s._

1. Common compact limestone, S.

2. White clay, indurated; Loth.

    Teut. _kalmey-steen_.


CAMSTRUDGEOUS, _adj._ The same with ~Camsterie~; Fife.

    Isl. _kaempe_, miles, and _striug_, animus infensus.


_To_ CAN, _v. a._ To know.

  _Henrysone._

    Teut. _konn-en_, noscere; posse.

~Can~, ~Cann~, _s._

1. Skill, knowledge, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. Ability, S. B.

  _Ross._


CAN, _pret._ for _Gan_, began.

  _Wallace._


CANALYIE, CANNAILYIE, The rabble, S. Fr. _canaille_, id.

  _J. Nicol._


CANDAVAIG, _s._

1. A foul salmon, that has lien in fresh water till summer, without
migrating to the sea; Ang.

2. Used as denoting a peculiar species of salmon, Aberd.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Gael. _ceann_, head, and _dubhach_, a black dye.


CANDLEMAS CROWN, A badge of distinction conferred, at some grammar
schools, on him who gives the highest gratuity to the rector, at the
term of Candlemas, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


CANE, KAIN, CANAGE, _s._ A duty paid by a tenant to his landlord in
kind; as "_cane_ cheese;" "_cane_ fowls," &c. S.

  _Ramsay._

    L. B. _can-um_, _can-a_, tribute, from Gael. _ceann_, the head.

_To Pay the Cain_, To suffer severely in any cause, S.

  _Ritson._


_To_ CANGLE, _v. n._ To quarrel, to be in a state of altercation, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _kiaenk-a_, arridere.

~Cangling~, _s._ Altercation, S.

  _Z. Boyd._

~Cangler~, _s._ A jangler, S.

  _Ramsay._


CANKERT, CANKERRIT, _adj._ Cross, ill-conditioned, S.

  _Douglas._


CANNA DOWN, CANNACH, _s._ Cotton grass, Eriophorum vaginatum, Linn. S.

    Gael. _cannach_, id.

  _Grant._


CANNA, CANNAE, cannot; compounded of _can_, v., and _na_ or _nae_, not,
S.

  _Percy._


CANNAS, CANNES, _s._

1. Any coarse cloth, like that of which sails are made, S. B.

    Fr. _cannevas_, E. _canvas_.

2. A coarse sheet used for keeping grain from falling to the ground when
it is winnowed by means of a _wecht_, S. B.

Hence,

~Cannes-braid~, s. The breadth of such a sheet, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. Metaph. the sails of a ship, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


CANNEL, _s._ Cinnamon.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Fr. _cannelle_, Teut. Dan. _kaneel_, Isl. _kanal_.

Hence,

~Cannel-waters~, _s. pl._ Cinnamon waters, S.


CANNELL BAYNE, The collar-bone.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _canneau du col_, the nape of the neck.


_To_ CANNEL, _v. a._ To channel, to chamfer, S.

    Fr. _cannel-er_, id.


CANNIE, KANNIE, _adj._

1. Cautious, prudent, S.

  _Baillie._

2. Artful, crafty, S.

  _Rutherford._

3. Attentive, wary, watchful, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. Frugal, not given to expence, S.

  _Burns._

5. Moderate in charges, S.

6. Useful, beneficial, S.

  _Ross._

7. Handy, expert at any business; often used in relation to midwifery,
S.

  _Forbes._

8. Gentle, so as not to hurt a sore, S.

9. Soft, easy, as applied to a state of rest, S.

  _Ramsay._

10. Slow in motion. "To gang _canny_," to move slowly; "to caw _canny_,"
to drive softly; also, to manage with frugality, S.

  _Burns._

11. Soft and easy in motion, S.

12. Safe, not dangerous. "A _canny_ horse," one that may be rode with
safety, S.

  _Burns._

_No canny_, not safe, dangerous, S.

  _Popul. Ball._

13. Composed, deliberate; as opposed to _flochtry_, _throwther_, S.

14. Not hard, not difficult of execution, S.

  _Burns._

15. Easy in situation, snug, comfortable; as "He sits very _canny_." "He
has a braw _canny_ seat," S.

  _Ramsay._

16. Fortunate, lucky, S.

  _Pennecuik._

17. Fortunate, used in a superstitious sense, S.

  _R. Galloway._

_No canny_, not fortunate, applied both to things and to persons.

  _Ramsay._

18. Endowed with knowledge, supposed by the vulgar to proceed from a
preternatural origin; possessing magical skill, South of S.

  _Tales Landl._

19. Good, worthy, "A braw _canny_ man," a pleasant, good-conditioned, or
worthy man, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

20. Applied to any instrument, it signifies well-fitted, convenient, S.
B.

  _Survey Nairn._

    Isl. _kiaen_, sciens, prudens; callidus, astutus; _kaeni_, fortis et
prudens; from _kenn-a_, noscere.

~Cannie Wife~, a midwife, South of S.

  _Cromek._

~Cannily~, adv.

1. Cautiously, prudently, S.

  _Baillie._

2. Moderately, not violently, S.

  _Baillie._

3. Easily, so as not to hurt or gall, S.

  _Rutherford._

4. Gently, applied to a horse obeying the rein, S.

  _Waverley._

~Canniness~, s.

1. Caution, forbearance, moderation in conduct, S.

  _Baillie._

2. Crafty management.

  _Baillie._


CANOIS, CANOS, CANOUS, adj. Gray, hoary. Lat. _can-us_.

  _Douglas._


_To_ CANT, _v. n._ To sing in speaking, to repeat after the manner of
recitation, S.

    Lat. _cant-are_, to sing.


_To_ CANT, _v. a._ To set a stone on its edge, a term used in masonry,
S.

    Germ. _kant-en_, id.


_To_ CANT, _v. n._ To ride at a hand-gallop, S. B. _Canter_, S.


CANT, _adj._ Lively, merry, brisk.

  _Barbour._

~Canty~, _adj._ Lively, cheerful; applied both to persons and to things,
S.

  _Burns._

    Ir. _cainteach_, talkative, prattling; Su. G. _gant-a_, ludificare.


CANTEL, CANTIL, _s._ A fragment.

  _Sir Egeir._

    Teut. _kanteel_, pinna, mina, Fr. _chantel_, a piece broken off from
the corner or edge of a thing.


CANTEL, _s._ The crown of the head, Loth. Teut _kanteel_, a battlement.


CANTEL, _s._ A juggling trick.

  _Houlate._

    L. B. _cantell-ator_, praestigiator, magus.

~Cantelein~, _s._ Properly an incantation, used to denote a trick.

  _Lyndsay._

    Lat. _cantilen-a_, a song.


CANTRAIP, CANTRAP, _s._

1. A charm, a spell, an incantation, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A trick, a piece of mischief artfully or adroitly performed, S.

  _Waverley._

    Isl. _gan_, _gand_, witchcraft, or _kiaen_, applied to magical arts,
and _trapp_, calcatio.


_To_ CAP, _v. n._ To uncover the head, in token of obeisance; q. to take
off one's cap.

  _Baillie._


_To_ CAP, _v. a._ To excel, Loth.

    Teut. _kappe_, the summit.


CAP, _s._ A wooden bowl for containing meat or drink, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _koppa_, cyaphus; Arab. _kab_, a cup.

Hence, perhaps,

~Caps~, _s. pl._ The combs of wild bees, S.


_To_ CAP, _v. a._

1. To seize by violence, to lay hold of what is not one's own, S.

2. To seize vessels in a privateering way.

  _Fountainhall._

3. To entrap, to ensnare.

  _K. Ja. VI._

    Lat. _cap-ere_, Su. G. _kipp-a_, rapere.

~Caper~, _s._ A pirate; or one who seizes vessels under a letter of
marque.

  _Colvil._

    Belg. Su. G. Dan. _kapare_, a pirate.


_To_ CAP, _v. a._ To direct one's course at sea.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _kape_, signum littorale.


CAPER, KAPER, _s._ A piece of oatcake and butter, with a slice of cheese
on it, Perths. Gael. _ceapaire_, id.


CAPERCAILYE, CAPERCALYEANE, _s._ The mountain cock, Tetrao urogallus,
Linn. S.

  _Bellenden._

    Gael. _capullecoille_, id.


CAPERNOITIE, CAPERNOITED, _adj._ Crabbed, irritable, peevish, S.

  _Hamilton._

    Isl. _kappe_, certamen, and _nyt-a_ uti, q. "one who invites
strife."


CAPES, _s. pl._

1. The grain which retains the shell, before it is milled, Loth.

2. The grain which is not sufficiently ground; especially where the
shell remains with part of the grain, Loth.

3. Flakes of meal which come from the mill, when the grain has not been
thoroughly dried, S. B.

  _Morison._


CAPYL, CAPUL, _s._ A horse or mare.

  _Douglas._

    Gael. _capull_, Ir. _kabbal_, C. B. _keffyl_, Hisp. _cavallo_, id.


CAPITANE, _s._ Caption, captivity.

  _Bellenden._


CAPLEYNE, _s._ "A steylle _capleine_," a small helmet.

  _Wallace._

    Germ. _kaeplein_, from _kappe_, tegumentum capitis.


_To_ CAPPER, _v. a._

1. To seize ships, to go a-privateering, Ang.

2. To catch, to seize, violently to lay hold of; used in a general
sense, Ang.

    Dan. _kapre_, to exercise piracy.


CAPPIT, _adj._ Crabbed, ill-humoured, peevish, S.

  _Philotus._

    Isl. _kapp_, contention, or Flandr. _koppe_, a spider; as we call an
ill-humoured person an _ettercap_, S.


CAPREL, _s._ A caper, as in dancing.

    Fr. _capriole_, id.

  _Polwart._


CAPROWSY, _s._ A short cloak furnished with a hood.

  _Evergreen._

    Fr. _cappe-rosin_, a red coloured cloak.


_To_ CAPSTRIDE, _v. a._ To drink in place of another, to whom it
belongs, when the vessel is going round a company, S.

    E. _cap_ and _stride_.


CAPUL, _s._ A horse.

V. ~Capyl~.


CAR, _adj._ Left, left-handed.

V. ~Ker~.


CAR, CAAR, _s._ A sledge, a hurdle, S.

    Ir. _carr_, id.

  _Wallace._


CARAGE, _s._

V. ~Arage~.


CARALYNGIS, _s. pl._ Dancing.

  _Houlate._

    Fr. _caroll-er_, to dance, to revel.


CARAMEILE, _s._ An edible root.

V. ~Carmele~.


CARCAT, CARKAT, CARCANT, _s._

1. A necklace, E. _carcanet_.

  _Maitland P._

2. A pendant ornament of the head.

  _Watson's Coll._


CARDINAL, _s._ A long cloak, or mantle, worn by women, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ CARE, _v. a._ To drive.

V. ~Cair~.


CARE-BED LAIR, A disconsolate situation; q. "_lying_ in the _bed_ of
care," S. B.

  _Ross._


CARECAKE, KERCAIK, _s._ A small cake, baked with eggs, and eaten on
_Yule-day_, in the north of S.

V. Next term.


CARE SONDAY, according to some, that immediately preceding Good Friday,
but generally used to signify the fifth in Lent, S.

V. ~Carlings~.

  _Bellenden._

    Germ. _kar_, satisfactio, from _karr-en_, _ker-en_, emendare; or
Su. G. _kaer-a_, to complain.


CARGE, _To carge_, in charge.

  _Wallace._

    O. Fr. _carguer_, used as _charger_.


CARIE, _adj._ Soft, pliable.

  _Kelly._


CARYBALD, _s._

  _Maitland Poems._

    Perhaps from Fr. _charaveau_, a beetle.


CARKINING, _s._ A collar.

V. ~Carcat~.

  _Houlate._


CARL, CAIRLE, CARLE, CARLL, _s._

1. A man, S. B.

    A. S. _carl_, Isl. _karl_, O. Teut. _kaerla_, masculus.

2. Man, as distinguished from a boy.

  _Wyntown._

3. A clown, a boor, S.  A. Bor.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _ceorl_, Isl. _karl_, Belg. _kaerle_, rusticus.

4. One who has the manners of a boor.

  _Kelly._

5. A strong man.

  _Wallace._

    Germ. _kerl_, fortis, corpore robusto praeditus.

6. An old man, S. A. Bor.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. Isl. _karl_, id.

~Carl-crab~, _s._ The male of the black-clawed crab, Cancer pagurus,
Linn. S.

  _Sibbald._

_Carl-hemp_, _s._

1. The largest stalk of hemp, S. A. Bor.

2. Used metaph. to denote firmness of mind.

  _Burns._

~Carl-again~, _To play carl-again_, to return a blow, to give as much as
one receives, Ang.

~Carl~ _and_ ~Cavel~,

V. ~Kavel~.

~Carl-doddie~, _s._ A stalk of rib-grass, S. Plantago lanceolata, Linn.

    _Doddie_, bald.

~Carlie~, _s._ A little man, a dimin. from _carl_, S.

  _Cleland._

~Carlish~, ~Carlitch~, _adj._

1. Coarse, vulgar.

    A. S. _ceorlic_, vulgaris.

  _Dunbar._

2. Rude, harsh in manners.

  _Popul. Ball._

~Carlin~, _s._

1. An old woman, S.

  _Philotus._

2. A contemptuous term for a woman, although not far advanced in life,
S.

  _Douglas._

3. A witch, Loth. Twedd.

  _Pennecuik._

4. The last handful of corn cut down in harvest-field, when it is not
shorn before Hallowmas, S. B. If before this, it is called the _Maiden_.

    Su. G. _kaering_, _kaerling_, anus.

~Carlin-heather~, _s._ Fine-leaved heath, Erica cinerea, Linn. S. also
called _Bell-heather_.

~Carlin-spurs~, _s. pl._ Needle furze or petty whin, Genista Anglica,
Linn., S. B. q. "the spurs of an old woman."

~Carlin-teuch~, _adj._ (gutt.) As hardy as an old woman, S. B.

    _Teuch_, S., tough.


CARLING, _s._ The name of a fish, Fife.; supposed to be the Pogge,
Cottus cataphractus, Linn.


CARLINGS, _s. pl._ Pease _birsled_ or broiled, Ang. according to Sibb.
"pease broiled on _Care_-Sunday."

  _Ritson._


CARMELE, CARMYLIE, CARAMEIL, _s._ Heath pease, a root, S. Orobus
tuberosus, Linn.

  _Pennant._

    Gael. _cairmeal_, id.


CARNAIL, _adj._ Putrid.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _charogneux_, putrified, full of carrion, Cotgr.


CARNELL, _s._ A heap, a dimin. from _cairn_.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ CARP, CARPE, _v. a._

1. To speak, to talk, to relate, whether verbally, or in writing.

  _Wyntown._

    O. E. id.

  _P. Ploughman._

2. To sing.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

    Lat. _carpo_, _-ere_, to cull.

~Carping~, _s._ Narration. O. E. id.

V the _v._


CARRALLES, _s. pl._ Carols, or songs, sung within and about kirks, on
certain days; prohibited by act of Parliament.

V. ~Caralyngis~ and ~Gysar~.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

~Carol-ewyn~, _s._ The name given, Perths. to the last night of the
year; because young people go from door to door singing _carols_, for
which they get small cakes in return.


CARRITCH, CARITCH, _s._ The vulgar name for a catechism; more commonly
in pl. _caritches_, S.

  _Magopico._

2. Used somewhat metaph.

  _Ferguson._


CARRY, _s._ A term used to express the motion of the clouds before the
wind, S. B.


CARSE, KERSS, _s._ Low and fertile land, generally, that which is
adjacent to a river, as _the Carse of Gowrie_, _the Carse of Stirling_,
&c. S.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _kaerr_ and Isl. _kiar_, _kaer_, both signify a marsh.

_Carse_ is sometimes used as an adj.

  _Lord Hailes._


CARTAGE, _s._ Apparently for _carcase_.

  _Douglas._


CARTE, _s._ A chariot, especially one used in war.

    Chaucer, _carte_, id.  Ir. _cairt_, C. B. _kertuyn_, A. S. _craet_,
id.


CARTIL, _s._ A cart-load, Ang.; perhaps contr. from _cart_ and _fill_ or
_full_.


CARTOW, _s._ A great cannon, a battering piece.

  _Spalding._

    Teut. _kartouwe_, id.


CARUEL, KERVEL, _s._ A kind of ship.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _caravelle_, id. Teut. _kareveel_. Hisp. _caravela_, Isl.
_karf_.


CASCHET, CASHET, _s._ The _fac simile_ of the king's superscription.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    From Fr. _cachet_, a seal.  This term has the same signification
with _caschet_, S.


CASEABLE, _adj._ Naturally belonging to a particular situation or case.

  _Baillie._


_To_ CASS, _v. a._ To make void, to annul.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

    Fr. _cass-er_, id. L. B. _cass-are_, irritum reddere.


CASS, _s._

1. Chance, accident, O. E. id.

  _Wallace._

2. Work, business.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _cas_, matter, fact, deed.


CASSIE, CAZZIE, _s._

1. A sort of basket made of straw, S. B.

  _Brand._

It is also written _cosie_.

2. Used in Orkney instead of a corn riddle.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Teut. _kasse_, capsa, cista, Fr. _casse_, Ital. _cassa_, L. B.
_cassa_, id.  Su. G. _kasse_, reticulum, in quo pisces portantur, &c.


CAST, _s._

1. A twist, a contortion, as, _His neck has gotten a cast_, or a _wrang
cast_, S.

2. Opportunity, chance, S.

3. A turn, an event of any kind, S.

  _Ross._

4. Lot, fate.

  _Hamilton._

5. Aim, object in view.

  _Douglas._

6. Subtle contrivance, wile, stratagem.

  _Wyntown._

7. Facility in performing any manual work, such especially as requires
ingenuity or expertness, S.

  _Douglas._

8. Legerdemain, sleight of hand.

  _Houlate._

9. The effect of ingenuity, as manifested in literary works.

  _Douglas._

    C. B. _cast_ signifies a trick, techna; Su. G. _kost_, modus agendi.


CAST, _s._

1. A district, a tract of country, S.

2. That particular course in which one travels, S.

  _Ross._


CAST, _s._  _A cast_ of herrings, haddocks, oysters, &c., four in number,
S.

    Su. G. _kast-a_, to cast, to throw.  _Ett kast sill_, quaternio
halecum.


_To_ CAST, _v. a._ To use, to propose, to bring forth. "To _cast_
essonyies," LL. S. to exhibit excuses.

    Su. G. _kast-a_, mittere.


_To_ CAST _a clod between persons_, to widen the breach between them, S.
B.

  _Ross._


_To_ CAST _a stone at_ one, to renounce all connexion with one, S.


_To_ CAST ~out~, _v. n._ To quarrel, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ CAST ~up~, _v. a._ To throw any thing in one's teeth, to upbraid
one with a thing, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ CAST ~up~, _v. n._

V. ~Upcasting~.


_To_ CAST ~Words~, to quarrel, S. B.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _ordkasta_, to quarrel.


CASTELWART, _s._ The keeper of a castle.

  _Wyntown._

    From _castle_ and _ward_.


CASTOCK, CASTACK, CUSTOC, _s._ The core or pith of a stalk of colewort
or cabbage; often _kail-castock_, S.

  _Journal Lond._

    Belg. _keest_, medulla, cor, matrix arboris, the pith.


CAT and CLAY, the materials of which a mud-wall is constructed, in many
parts of S. Straw and clay are well wrought together, and being formed
into pretty large rolls, are laid between the different wooden posts by
means of which the wall is formed, and carefully pressed down so as to
incorporate with each other, or with the twigs that are sometimes
plaited from one post to another, S.


CAT and DOG, the name of an ancient sport, S.

    It seems to be an early form of _Cricket_.


CATBAND, _s._ The name given to the strong hook used on the inside of a
door or gate, which being fixed to the wall, keeps it shut.

  _Act Sedt._

    Germ. _kette_, a chain, and _band_.


CATCHY, _adj._ Disposed to take the advantage of another, S. from the E.
_v. catch_.


CATCHROGUE, _s._ Cleavers or goose-grass, an herb, S. Galiam aparine,
Linn.


CATCLUKE, CATLUKE, _s._ Trefoil; an herb, S. Lotus corniculatus, Linn.

  _Douglas._

    "Named from some fanciful resemblance it has to a _cat_ (cat's) or a
_bird's foot_;" Rudd.  Dan. _katte-cloe_, a cat's claw or _clutch_.


_To_ CATE, CAIT, _v. n._ To desire the male or female; a term strictly
applied to cats only.

V. ~Caige~, ~Caigie~.

  _Colvil_.

    Su. G. _kaat_, salax, lascivus, _kaett-ias_, lascivire.


CATECHIS, _s._ A catechism.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


CATER, _s._ Money, S. B. q. what is _catered_.

V. ~Catour~.

  _Shirrefs._


CATERANES, KATHERANES, _s. pl._ Bands of robbers, especially such as
came down from the Highlands to the low country, and carried off cattle,
corn, or whatever pleased them, from those who were not able to make
resistance, S. _Kaitrine_, _Kettrin_.

  _Stat. Rob. II._

    Ir. _ceatharnach_, a soldier, _ceatharb_, a troop.


CAT-FISH, SEA-CAT, _s._ The Sea-wolf, S. Anarhicas lupus, Linn.

    Sw. _haf-kat_, i. e. sea-cat.

  _Sibbald._


CAT-GUT, _s._ Fucus filum, Orkn.

  _Neill._


CAT-HARROW, _s._ "_They draw the Cat Harrow_; that is, they thwart one
another."

  _Lyndsay._


CATHEL-NAIL, _s._ The nail by which the body of a cart is fastened to
the axle-tree, Fife.


CATINE, _s._

  _Polwart._


CATMAW, _s._ "To tumble the _catmaw_," to go topsy-turvy, to tumble, S.
B.


CATOUR, _s._ A caterer, a provider.

  _Wallace._

    O. Teut. _kater_, oeconomus.

V. ~Katouris~.


CAT-SILLER, _s._ The mica of mineralogists, S.; the _katzen silber_ of
the vulgar in Germany.


CATTER, CATERR, _s._ Catarrh.

  _Bellenden._


CATTLE-RAIK, _s._ A common, or extensive pasture, where cattle feed at
large, S.

V. ~Raik~.

    From _cattle_, and _raik_, to range.


CATWITTIT, _adj._ Harebrained, unsettled, q. having the _wits_ of a
_cat_, S.


_To_ CAUCHT, _v. a._ To catch, to grasp.

  _Douglas._

    Formed from the pret. of _catch_.


_To_ CAVE, KEVE, _v. a._

1. To push, to drive backward and forward, S.

2. To toss. "_To cave the head_," to toss it in a haughty or awkward
way, S.

  _Cleland._

_To_ ~Cave~ _over_, _v. n._ To fall over suddenly, S.

  _Melvill's MS._

~Cave~, _s._

1. A stroke, a push, S.

2. A toss.

    Isl. _akafr_, cum impetu, vehementer.

_To_ ~Cave~, _v. a._

1. To separate grain from the broken straw, after threshing, S. B.

2. To separate corn from the chaff, S. A.

    Teut. _kav-en_, eventilare paleas; or the v. both as signifying to
toss, and to separate, may be viewed as the same with Isl. _kaf-a_
volutare; _kafa i heya_, to toss, ted, or _cave_ hay.


CAVEL, CAUIL, CAFLE, KAVEL, KEVIL, _s._

1. Expl. "a rod, a pole, a long staff."

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Su. G. _kafle_, pertica, bacillus; Germ. _keule_, a club.

2. A lot, S. _keul_, S. A.

Hence, "to cast _cavels_," to cast lots. _Cavel_, id. Northumb.

  _Wallace._

3. By Rudd. _cavillis_ is not only translated lots, but "responses of
oracles."

  _Douglas._

4. State appointed, allotment in Providence, S. B.

  _Ross._

5. A division or share of property, as being originally determined by
lot, S. B.

  _Law Case._

    Su. G. Isl. _kafle_, which primarily means a rod, is transferred to
a lot in general.  Teut. _kavel_, a lot, _kavel-en_, to cast lots.

_To_ ~Cavell~, _v. a._ To divide by lot, S. B.

  _Law Case._


CAVIE, _s._ A hencoop, S.

  _J. Nicol._

    Teut. _kevie_, id. aviarium, Lat. _cavea_.


CAUIS, 3. _p. sing._ Falls suddenly over.

V. ~Cave~ _over_, _v._

  _Douglas._


CAUITS, _s. pl._ Apparently, cat-calls. From S. _caw_, to call.

  _Henrysone._


CAULD, _s._ A dam-head, S. A.

  _Lay Last Minstrel._

    Teut. _kade_, a small bank.


CAULD BARK, "To lie in the _cauld bark_," to be dead, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Perhaps a corr. of A. S. _beorg_, sepulchre, q. cold grave.


CAULER, _adj._ Cool.

V. ~Callour~.


CAULMES.

V. ~Calmes~.


CAUPE, CAUPIS, CAULPES, CALPEIS, _s._ An exaction made by a superior,
especially by the Head of a clan, on his tenants and other dependants,
for maintenance and protection, under the name of a _benevolence_. This
was generally the best horse, ox or cow the retainer had in his
possession.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

    Isl. _kaup_ denotes a gift; Su. G. _koep-a_, dare.


CAUPONA, Expl. "a sailor's cheer in heaving the anchor."

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _à un coup_, at once, altogether.


CAUSEY, CAUSAY, _s._ A street, S.

    Teut. _kautsije_, id.

  _Douglas._

_To keep the causey_, or, _the crown of the causey_, to appear openly,
to appear with credit and respectability.

  _Rutherford._

~Causey-Cloaths~, _s. pl._ Dress in which one may appear in public, S.

  _Baillie._

~Causey-Faced~, _adj._ One who may appear in public without blushing, S.
B.

~Calsay-Paiker~, _s._ A street walker.

V. ~Paiker~.

~Causey-Tales~, _s. pl._ Common news, q. street news, S.


CAURE, Calves; the pl. of _cauf_, a calf. It is commonly used in the
West of S.

  _Popular Ball._

    I am assured that the word is the same in Norway. A. S. _cealfru_,
id.


CAUTIONER, _s._ A surety, a sponsor, S. a forensic term.

  _Acts Ja. V._


_To_ CAW, _v. a._ To drive.

V. ~Call~.


CAWK, _s._ Chalk, S. _Caulk_, A. Bor.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _cealc_, Alem. _calc_, Dan. Belg. _kalck_, Isl. _kalk_, C. B.
_calch_, Lat. _calx_, id.


CAWKER, _s._

1. The hinder part of a horse's shoe sharpened, and pointed downwards,
to prevent the horse from sliding, S.

2. Metaph. a dram, a glass of ardent spirits, S.

    Isl. _keikr_, recurvus, _keik-a_, recurvi; as referring to the form
of the _caulker_.


CAWLIE, _s._ A contemptuous name for a man, S.; pron. like E. _cowl_.

  _Cleland._


CAZARD, _s._ Apparently, an emperor, or Caesar; as the latter is
sometimes written _Caser_.

  _Chron. S. Poet._


CAZZIE, _s._ A sort of sack or net made of straw, S. B.

V. ~Cassie~.


_To_ CEIRS, SERS, _v. a._ To search.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _cherch-er_, Ital. _cerc-are_, id.


CELICALL, _adj._ Heavenly, celestial.

  _Douglas._


CENCRASTUS, _s._ A serpent of a greenish colour, having its speckled
belly covered with spots resembling millet-seeds.

  _Watson's Coll._

    Fr. _cenchrite_, Lat. _cenchrus_, id.


CEST, CESSIT, _pret._ Seized.

  _Wallace._


CH.

    Words, of Goth. origin, whether S or E., beginning with _ch_,
sounded hard, are to be traced to those in the Germ. or Northern
languages that have _k_, and in A. S. _c_, which has the same power
with _k_.


_To_ CHACK, _v. n._ To clack, to make a clinking noise, S.

  _Cleland._


_To_ CHACK, _v. a._ To cut or bruise any part of the body by a sudden
stroke; as when the sash of a window falls on the fingers, S.

    E. _check_. Teut. _kack-en_, _kek-en_, increpare; synon. S. B.
_Chat_, q. v.


CHACK, CHATT, _s._ A slight repast, taken hastily, S.

    Q. a _check_ for hunger.


CHACK, CHECK, _s._ The Wheat-ear, a bird, Orkn. Motacilla oenanthe,
Linn.

V. ~Stane-Chacker~.

  _Barry._

    Nearly the same with the last part of its Germ. name, _stein
schwaker_.


CHACKARALLY, _s._ Apparently some kind of checkered or variegated cloth.

  _Watson's Coll._


CHACKE-BLYND-MAN, _s._ Blind man's buff.

  _Bp. Forbes._

    _Jockie-blind-man_, Angus, id.


CHACKLOWRIE, _s._ Mashed cabbage, mixed amongst barley-broth, Aberd.


CHAD, _s._ Gravel, such small stones as form the bed of a river, S. B.

    Teut. _kade_, litus, ora.

~Chaddy~, _adj._ Gravelly; as, _chaddy ground_, that which chiefly
consists of gravel, S.


_To_ CHAFF, _v. n._ To chatter, to be loquacious, Loth.

    Teut. _keff-en_, gannire, latrare.


CHAFTIS, CHAFTS, _s. pl._ Chops, S. A. Bor. _chafts_.

  _Peblis to the Play._

    Su. G. _kiaeft_, _kaeft_, Isl. _kiaft-ur_, the jaw-bone.  A. Bor.
_chafts_, _chefts_, id.  Hence also E. _chops_.

~Chaft-Blade~, _s._ The jaw-bone, S.

~Chaft-Talk~, _s._ Talking, prattling, Aberd. from _chaft_ and _talk_.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


_To_ CHAIPE, _v. n._ To escape.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _eschapp-er_, Ital. _scapp-are_, id.


CHAIPES, CHAPIS, _s. pl._ Price, rate, established value of goods.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    A. S. _ceap_, price; from _ceap-an_, to buy.


_To_ CHAISTIFIE, _v. a._ To chastise.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ CHAK, _v. a._ To check.

  _Wallace._

~Chak~, _s._ The act of checking, stop.

V. ~Char~.


_To_ CHAK, _v. n._

1. To gnash, to snatch at an object with the chops, as a dog does, S.

  _Douglas._

2. It expresses the sharp sound made by any iron substance, when
entering into its socket; to click, S.

3. _To chak to_, to shut with a sharp sound.

  _Bellenden._


CHAKIL, _s._ The wrist.

V. ~Shackle-Bone~.

  _Watson's Coll._


CHALANDRIE, _s._ Probably, imitations of singing birds.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _calandre_, a species of lark.


CHALDRICK, CHALDER, _s._ The name given in the Orkney Islands to the
Sea-pie, Hoematopus ostralegus, Linn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _tialldur_, id. Pennant's Zool.


CHALMER, _s._ Chamber.

  _Douglas._

~Chalmer-Glew~, _s._ "Chambering, secret wantonness," Gl. Sibb.

V. ~Glew~.


CHALOUS, Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. i. 11.

V. ~Cholle~.


CHAMBERERE, _s._ A chamberlain.

    Fr. _chambrier_, id.

  _King's Quair._


CHAMBRADEESE, _s._ A parlour; a name still used by some old people,
Fife.

V. ~Deis~.

    Fr. _chambre au dais_, a chamber with a canopy.


_To_ CHAMP, _v. a._ To chop, to mash, S. _Chomp_, Lancash., to cut
things small.

    Germ. Belg. _kapp-en_, id.

  _Godscroft._


CHAMPIT, _adj._ Having raised figures, imbossed, diapered.

  _Palice of Honour._

    Teut. _schamp-en_, radere, scalpere.


CHANCY, _adj._

1. Fortunate, happy, S.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _chanceaux_, id.

2. Foreboding good fortune, S. Any person or thing viewed as
inauspicious, is said to be _no chancy_, S.

  _Ross._


CHANDLER, CHANLER, _s._ A candlestick, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Fr. _chandelier_, a branch for holding candles, used obliquely.
Grose mentions _chaundler_.

~Chanler-Chafted~, _adj._ Lantern-jawed; having chops like a _chandler_
or candlestick, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._


CHANNEL, _s._ Gravel, S. (synon. _chad_) perhaps from _channel_, the bed
of a river.

V. ~Chingle~.

~Channelly~, _adj._ Gravelly, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ CHANNER, _v. n._ To fret, to be in a chiding humour, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


CHANOS, _adj._ Gray.

V. ~Canois~.

  _Douglas._


CHANTERIS, _s. pl._ Laics endowed with ecclesiastical benefices.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


CHAP, _s._

1. A fellow; a contemptuous term; sometimes _chappie_, or
"little _chap_," S.

  _Burns._

2. Like _chield_, it is also applied to a female, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _kaeps_, _keips_, _kaebs_, homo servilis conditionis.


_To_ CHAP, _v. a._

1. To strike with a hammer, or any instrument of similar use, S.

    Teut. _kapp-en_, incidere; Belg. _schopp-en_, to strike, Sewel.

_To_ ~Chap~ _hands_, to strike hands, especially in concluding a
bargain, S.

2. To chop, to cut into small pieces, S.

    Teut. _kapp-en_, conscindere minutim.

_To_ ~Chap~ _aff_, to strike off.

    Su. G. _kapp-a_, to amputate.

_To_ ~Chap~, _v. n._

1. To strike: "the knock's _chappin_," the clock strikes, S.

2. _To chap at a door_, to knock, to rap, S.

  _Sir Egeir._

~Chap~, ~Chaup~, ~Choppe~, s. A stroke of any kind, a blow, S.

  _Burns._

    Teut. _kip_, ictus; Moes. G. _kaupat-jan_, colaphos ingerere.

2. A tap or rap, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

Z. Boyd uses _choppe_ in the same sense.

~Chapping-Sticks~, _s._ Any instrument which one uses for striking with,
S.

  _Kelly._


_To_ CHAP, CHAUP _out_, CHAUPS, _v. a._

1. To fix upon any person or thing by selection, S. Hence the phrase,
_Chap ye, chuse ye_.

  _Ramsay._

2. Suddenly to embrace a proposal made in order to a bargain; to hold
one at the terms mentioned, S.

    Belg. _kipp-en_, to choose; which seems only a secondary sense of
the v. in Teut. as signifying to lay hold of.

~Chap~, _s._ The act of choosing; _Chap and choice_, great variety, S.
B.

  _Ross._


CHAP, _s._ A shop.

  _Many._


CHAPIN, _s._ Chopin, a quart, S.

  _Shirrefs._


CHAPYT,

V. ~Chaipe~.


CHAPMAN, _s._ A pedlar, a hawker, S., a merchant, O. E.

  _Statist. Acc._

    A. S. _ceapman_, Sw. _koepman_, a merchant.


CHAR, _s._ Carriages.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _char_, a waggon, a car.


_To_ CHAR, _v. a._

1. To stop.

  _Douglas._

2. _To char by_, to turn aside.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _cerr-an_, to turn, to turn from, divertere.


CHAR. _On char_, to a side.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _cerre_, turning, bending, winding.


_To_ CHAR, _Char doute_. Perhaps, "murmur distrust."

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _cear-ian_, to complain, to murmur.


CHARBUKILL, _s._

1. A carbuncle.

  _Douglas._

2. An ulcer.

  _Polwart._

    Fr. _escarboucle_, _carboucle_, the pestilent botch or sore, termed
a carbuncle.


CHARD, _pret._

V. ~Chier~.


CHARE, _s._ A chariot.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _char_, id.


CHARE, _s._ Care, charge.

  _Ross._

    Like E. _charie_, from A. S. _car_, cura, or _cearig_, solicitus.


CHARGES, _s. pl._ Rents.

  _Buik of Discipline._

    Fr. _charge_, pension, rente.


CHARLEWAN, CHARLEWAYNE, _s._ The constellation _Ursa Major_, also called
the Plough, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _carleaswagn_, Su. G. _karlwagn_, Dan. _karlvogn_.


CHARNAILL BANDIS, _s. pl._ Strong hinges used for massy doors or gates,
riveted, and often having a plate, on each side of the gate, S.
_centre-hinges_, E.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _charniere_, a hinge, a turning joint.


CHARRIS.

V. ~Char~, _v._


CHASBOL, CHESBOL, CHESBOWE, _s._ Poppy.

  _Complaynt S. Douglas._


CHASE, _s. Brak a chase_, perhaps, begun a pursuit.

  _Knox._


CHASS, _s._ Case, condition.

  _Wallace._


_To_ CHASTY, _v. a._ To chastise, to correct.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _chasti-er_, id.


_To_ CHAT, _v. a._ To bruise slightly, S.; synon. _chack_.


CHAT THE, "Hang thyself;" Rudd.

  _Douglas._


CHAUDMELLÉ, _s._ A sudden broil or quarrel.

  _Skene._

    Fr. _chaude_, hot, and _meslée_, _melée_, broil.


CHAUD-PEECE, _s._ Gonorrhoea.

    Fr. _chaude-pisse_, id.

  _Polwart._


_To_ CHAW, _v. a._

1. To fret, to gnaw.

  _Douglas._

2. To provoke, to vex, S.

    O. F. _chaloir_, to put in pain.


CHEATS, CHITS, _s._ The sweet-bread. _Chits and nears_, a common dish in
S. i. e. kidneys and sweet-breads.

  _Watson's Coll._


CHECK, _s._ A bird.

V. ~Chack~.


CHEEK-BLADE, _s._ The cheek-bone. S.

  _Cleland._


CHEESE-HAKE, _s._ A frame for drying cheeses when newly made, S.

V. ~Hake~.


CHEESE-RACK, _s._ The same with _Cheese-hake_, S.

  _Ferguson._


_To_ CHEIM, _v. a._ To divide equally; especially in cutting down the
backbone of an animal, S. B.

    Apparently corr. from the E. v. _chine_, used in the same sense,
from _chine_, the backbone.  Fr. _eschin-er_, id.


_To_ CHEIP, CHEPE, _v. n._

1. To peep, to chirp, as young birds in the nest, S. _Cheepe_, O. E.

  _Complaynt S._

2. To squeak with a shrill and feeble voice, S.

  _Godscroft._

3. To mutter; applied metaph. to man, S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

4. To creak, S.

    Isl. _keyp-a_, vagire puerorum; _keipar_, puerorum vagitus.

~Cheip~, _s._ This admits of the same various significations as the _v._
S.

~Cheiper~, _s._ The cricket, an insect; denominated from the noise it
makes, Loth.


_To_ CHEIPS, _v. a._ To buy or sell.

  _Maitland Poems._

    A. S. _ceap-an_, emere, vendere.


_To_ CHEIS, CHEISS, CHES, CHESE,

1. To choose.

  _Fordun._

2. To appoint; used in an oblique sense.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    Moes. G. _kes-an_, A. S. _ceos-an_, Belg. _kies-en_, Su. G. _kes-a_,
id.  Chauc. _chese_.


CHEITRES, Dunbar, Maitland Poems, p. 48. read _chekis_.


CHEK, _s._ 1. Cheek.

  _Douglas._

2. The post of a gate.

  _Douglas._


CHEKER, CHECKER, _s._ The exchequer.

  _Stat. Rob. III._


CHELIDERECT, _s._ A kind of serpent.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _chelydre_, Lat. _chelydrus_, id.


CHEMAGÉ.

V. ~Chemys~.

  _Wallace._

    _Chemes hie_, i. e. high dwelling, seems the true reading.


CHEMER, _s._ A loose upper garment.

V. ~Chymour~.

  _Barbour._


CHEMYS, CHYMES, CHYMMES, CHYMIS, _s._ A chief dwelling; as the
manor-house of a landed proprietor, or the palace of a prince.

_Baron Courts._

    O. Fr. _chefmez_, _chefmois_, the chief mansion-house on an estate;
L. B. _caput mansi_.


CHENYIE, CHENYÉ, _s._ A chain.

  _Complaynt S._


CHENNONIS, _s. pl._ Canons belonging to a cathedral.

  _Houlate._


_To_ CHEPE, _v. n._ To chirp.

V. ~Cheip~.


CHESBOW, _s._ The poppy.

V. ~Chasbol~.


_To_ CHESE, _v. a._ To choose.

V. ~Cheis~.


CHESYBIL, _s._ An ecclesiastical dress, O. E. _chesuble_, a short
vestment without sleeves.

  _Wyntown._

    L. B. _casubla_, Fr. _casuble_, id. a little cope.


CHESS, _s._ The frame of wood for a window, a sash, S.

    Fr. _chassis_, id.


_To_ CHESSOUN, _v. a._ To subject to blame, to accuse.

  _Priests of Peblis._

    Fr. _achoisonn-er_, id.


CHESSOUN, CHESOWNE, _s._ Blame, accusation, exception.

  _Priests of Peblis._

    Fr. _achoison_, accusation.


CHESTER, _s._ The name given to a circular fortification in some parts
of S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Lat. _castra_, adopted into A. S. in the form of _ceaster_, a fort,
a castle.


CHESWELL, _s._ A cheese-vat.

  _Kelly._


CHEVERON, _s._ Armour for a horse's head.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    L. B. _chamfrenum_, Du Cange; Fr. _chanfrain_, _chanfrein_.


CHEVIN, _part. pa._ Succeeded, prospered.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _chevir_, to obtain, also to make an end.


CHEWAL, _adj._ Distorted.

V. ~Shevel~ and ~Showl~.

  _Dunbar._


CHEWALRY, _s._

1. Men in arms, of whatever rank.

  _Barbour._

2. Courage, prowess in arms.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _chevalerie_, knighthood, transferred to armed men without
distinction.  It also signifies prowess.

~Chewalrous~, _adj._ Brave, gallant.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _chevaleureux_, illustris, nobilis.

~Chewalrusly~, _adv._ Bravely, gallantly.

  _Barbour._


_To_ CHEWYS, _v. a._ To compass, to achieve, to accomplish.

  _Barbour._

~Chewysance~, ~Chewysans~, _s._ Acquirement, provision, means of
sustenance.

  _Wallace._


_To_ CHICK, _v. n._ To make a clicking noise, as a watch does, S.

    Teut. _kick-en_, mutire, minimam vocem edere.


CHICKENWORT, _s._ Chickweed, S. Alsine media, Linn.

    From _chicken_ and _wort_, an herb.


CHIEL, CHIELD, _s._

1. A servant.

_Chamber-cheil_, a servant who waits in a gentleman's chamber, a valet.

  _Pitscottie._

    Su. G. _kullt_, a boy, _kulla_, a girl, _kulle_, offspring.  Or
_Child_, q. v. corr. from O. E. pronounced by the common people in E.
_Cheild_ or _Cheeld_.

2. A fellow, used either in a good or bad sense, although more commonly
as expressive of disrespect, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. A stripling, a young man, S. It is applied indifferently to a young
man or woman, S. B.

  _Ross._

4. An appellation expressive of fondness, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ CHIER, CHEIR, _v. a._ To cut, to wound.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    A. S. _scear-an_, _scer-an_, tondere.  Cheard, which occurs in the
same stanza, seems to be the pret. of the _v._


CHIERE, _s._ Chair.

  _King's Quair._


CHILD, CHYLD, _s._ A servant, a page.

  _Wallace._

In O. E., a youth, especially one of high birth, before he was advanced
to the honour of knighthood.

    A. S. _cild_; like L. _infans_, Fr. _enfant_, Hisp. _infant_,
transferred to the heir apparent of a sovereign.

~Childer~, _pl._ Children, S. Lancash.

    A. S. _cildru_, pueri.

  _Wallace._


CHILD-ILL, _s._ Labour, pains of child-bearing.

  _Barbour._


CHYMES, s. A chief dwelling.

V. ~Chemys~.


CHYMOUR, ~Chymer~, _s._ A light gown, E. _cymar_.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _chamarre_, a loose and light gown. Ital. _ciamare_, Belg.
_samare_.


CHIMNEY, CHIMLEY, _s._ A grate, S.

  _Burrow Lawes._

    Corn. _tschimbla_, a chimney.

~Chimley-brace~, _s._ The mantle-piece, S.

~Chimla-lug~, _s._ The fire-side, S.


CHINE, _s._ The end of a barrel, or that part of the staves which
projects beyond the head, S.

  _Acts Cha. I._

    Isl. _kani_, prominula pars rei, that part of a thing that projects,
also rostrum, Haldorson.  _Chine_, however, may be corr. from E.
_chime_, _chimb_, id., especially as Teut. _kieme_, and _kimme_, signify
margo vasis; and Su. G. _kim_, extremum dolii.


CHINGLE, _s._ Gravel, S.

V. ~Channel~.

  _Statist. Acc._

~Chingily~, _adj._ Gravelly, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ CHIP, CHYP, _v. n._

1. A bird is said to be _chipping_, when it cracks the shell. A. Bor.
id.

2. To break forth from a shell or calix, applied to flowers, also to
grain when it begins to germinate, S.

  _Douglas._

3. Metaph. applied to the preparation necessary to the flight of a
person.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

4. Transferred to a woman who is in the early state of pregnancy, S.

5. It is applied to ale when it begins to ferment in the working vat, S.
O.

    Belg. _kipp-en_, to hatch, to disclose.


CHYRE, _s._ Cheer, entertainment.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ CHIRK, JIRK, JIRG, CHORK, _v. n._

1. To make a grating noise, S.

  _Popular Ball._

_To chirk with the teeth_, also actively, _to chirk the teeth_, to rub
them against each other, S.

2. Used to denote "the noise made by the feet when the shoes are full of
water," S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _cearc-ian_, crepitare, stridere, to gnash, to creak; Chaucer,
to _chirke_.


_To_ CHIRME, _v. n._

1. Used to denote the mournful sound emitted by birds, especially when
collected together before a storm, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To chirp, without necessarily implying the idea of a melancholy
note, S.

  _Ferguson._

3. To be peevish, to be habitually complaining, S.

    Belg. _kerm-en_, lamentari, quiritari, Isl. _jarmr_, vox avium,
garritus.

~Chyrme~, _s._ Note, applied to birds.

  _Douglas._


_To_ CHIRT, _v. a._

1. To squeeze, to press out, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To act in a griping manner; also, to squeeze or practise extortion,
S.


CHIT, _s._ A small bit of bread, or of any kind of food, S.


_To_ CHITTER, _v. n._

1. To shiver, to tremble, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To chatter. The teeth are said to _chitter_, when they strike against
each other, S.

    Teut. _tsitter-en_, Germ. _schutt-ern_, to quiver.


CHITTER-LILLING, _s._ An opprobrious term.

  _Dunbar._

    Perhaps the same as E. _chitterlin_, the intestines.


_To_ CHIZZEL, _v. a._ To cheat, to act deceitfully, S. B.  _Chouse_, E.

    Belg. _kweezel-en_, to act hypocritically.


CHIZZARD.

V. ~Kaisart~.


CHOKKEIS, pronounced _chouks_, _s. pl._ The jaws, properly the glandular
parts under the jaw-bones, S.

V. ~Chukis~.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _kalke_, _kialke_, maxilla, the jaws, _kuok_, gula, faux bruti.

~Chok-band~, _s._ The small strip of leather by which a bridle is
fastened around the jaws of a horse, S.


CHOL, CHOW, _s._ The jole or jowl.

  _Evergreen._

    A. S. _ceole_, faucis, _ceolas_, fauces, the jaws.

_Cheek for chow_, S. cheek by jole.

  _Ramsay._


CHOLER, CHULLER, CHURL, _s._ A double-chin, S.

  _Journal Lond._


CHOLLE, _s._ Perhaps the chough.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._


_To_ CHORK.

V. ~Chirk~.


_To_ CHORP, _v. n._ To emit a creaking sound, Loth.


CHOSS, _s._ Choice.

  _Barbour._


CHOUKS.

V. ~Chokkis.~


CHOW, _s._ The jowl.

V. ~Chol~.


CHOWPIS, _pret. v._ Chops about.

  _Douglas._


CHOWS, _s. pl._ A smaller kind of coal, much used in forges, S.; perhaps
from Fr. _chou_, the general name of coal.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ CHOWTLE, CHUTTLE, _v. n._ To chew feebly, as a child, or an old
person does, S.

    Isl. _jodla_, infirmiter mandere.


CHRYSTISMESS, _s._ Christmas.

  _Wallace._


CHUCKIE, _s._ A low or cant term for a hen, S.

    Belg. _kuyken_, a chicken.

~Chuckie-Stane~, _s._

1. A small pebble, S.

    Teut. _keyken_, a small flint; if not from the circumstance of such
stones being swallowed by domestic fowls.

2. A game, used by girls, in tossing up, and catching pebbles as they
fall, is called the _Chuckie-stanes_.


CHUF, _s._ Clown.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Evidently the same with _Cufe_, q. v.


CHUK, _s._ Asellus marinus.

  _Sibbald._


CHUKIS, _s. pl._ Apparently, a swelling of the jaws.

  _Gl. Complaynt._

    A. S. _ceacena swyle_, faucium tumor.


CHUM, _s._ Food, provision for the belly, Clydes. _Scaff_, synon.


CIETEZOUR, _s._ A citizen.

  _Bellenden._


CYGONIE, _s._ The stork.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _cicogne_, id.


CYNDIRE, _s._ A term denoting ten swine.

  _Forrest Lawe._


_To_ CIRCUMJACK, _v. n._ To correspond with, W. Loth.


CYSTEWS, _s. pl._ Cistertian monks; Fr. _Cistaws_.

  _Wyntown._


CITHARIST, _s._ The harp.

  _Houlate._


CITHOLIS, _s._ A musical instrument.

  _Houlate._

    L. B. _citola_, Fr. _citole_, an instrument with cords.


CLAAICK, CLAWICK, _s._ The autumnal feast, or harvest-home, Aberd.;
synon. _Maiden_. When the harvest is early finished, it is called the
_Maiden Claaick_; when late, the _Carlin Claaick_.


CLACHAN, CLAUCHANNE, _s._ A small village, bordering on the Highlands,
in which there is a parish-church, S. Elsewhere, it is called the
_kirk-town_.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    From Gael. _clachan_, "a circle of stones;" as churches were erected
in the same places, which, in times of heathenism, had been consecrated
to Druidical worship.


CLACK, _s._ The clapper of a mill, S.

    Teut. _klack_, sonora percussio.


CLAES, _pl._ Clothes.

V. ~Claith~.


CLAG, CLAGG, _s._

1. An incumbrance, a burden lying on property; a forensic term, S.

  _Dallas._

2. Charge, impeachment of character; fault, or imputation of one, S.

  _Ritson._

    Teut. _klaghe_, accusatio; Dan. _klage_, a complaint, a grievance.
Or perhaps rather from the same origin with E. _clog_; q. what lies as a
_clog_ on an estate.


_To_ CLAG, _v. a._ To clog by adhesion, S.

  _Wallace._

    Dan. _klaeg_, viscous, glutinous, sticky; Isl. _kleggi_, massa
compacta.

~Claggy~, _adj._ Unctuous, adhesive, bespotted with mire, S.

V. the _v._

~Claggock~, _s._ "A dirty wench," Gl. Sibb.

  _Lyndsay._


CLAHYNNHÉ, CLACHIN. _s._ Clan or tribe of people living in the same
district.

  _Wyntown._

    Gael., Ir. _clan_, id. Moes. G. _klahaim_, children.


CLAYIS, _s. pl._ Clothes, S.

V. ~Claith~.


_To_ CLAIK, _v. n._

1. To make a clucking noise, as a hen does, especially when provoked, S.

2. To cry incessantly, and impatiently, for any thing, S.

3. To talk a great deal in a trivial way, S.; to _clack_, E.

4. To tattle, to report silly stories, S.

    Isl. _klak-a_, clango, avium vox propria; _klack-a_, to prattle;
Su. G. _klaek_, reproach.

~Claik~, _s._

1. The noise made by a hen, S.

    Isl. _klak_, vox avium.

2. An idle or false report; S.

  _Morison._


CLAIK, CLAKE, _s._ The bernacle; Anas erythropus (mas) Linn.

  _Bellenden._

    It seems to have been supposed, that this goose received its name
from its _claik_, or the noise which it makes.


CLAIR, _adj._

1. Distinct, exact, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _clair_, evident, manifest, Lat. _clarus_.

2. Ready, prepared, S. B. _clar_, Orkn.

    Dan. _klar_, id.

  _Pennecuik._


_To_ CLAIR, _v. a._ To beat, to maltreat.

  _Polwart._

_Clearings_ is used metaph. both for scolding, and for beating, Clydes.


CLAISE, Clothes.

V. ~Claith~.


CLAITH, CLAYTH, _s._ Cloth, S., Westmorel.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

_Clais_, _claise_, _claes_, S. pl. Westmorel., also Cumb.

    A. S. _clath_, cloth; _clatha_, Isl. Su. G. _klaede_, clothes.


_To_ CLAIVER, _v. n._ To talk idly or foolishly.

V. ~Claver~.


CLAM, _adj._

1. Clammy, S. Belg. _klam_, id.

2. Smooth; as "_clam_ ice," S. B.


CLAM, CLAM-SHELL, _s._ A scallop shell, S. Ostrea opercularis, Linn.

  _Sibbald._

    Probably from O. Fr. _clame_, a pilgrim's mantle; as these shells
were worn on the cape of their mantles, or on their hats, by those who
had made a pilgrimage to Palestine, as a symbol of their having crossed
the sea.


CLAMS, _s. pl._

1. Strong pincers used by ship-wrights, for drawing large nails, S. B.

2. A vice, generally made of wood; used by artificers for holding any
thing fast, S.

3. The instrument, resembling a forceps, employed in weighing gold.

  _Shirrefs._

    Belg. _klemm-en_, arctare; to pinch.


CLAMEHEWIT, CLAW-MY-HEWIT, _s._

1. A stroke, a drubbing, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. A misfortune, Ang.

    Qu. _claw my heved_, or head, scratch my head; an ironical
expression.


_To_ CLAMP UP, CLAMPER, _v. a._ To patch, to make or mend in a clumsy
manner, S.

  _Chron. S. Poet._

    Germ. _klempern_, metallum malleo tundere; _klempener_, one who
patches up toys for children.


_To_ CLAMP, CLAMPER, _v. n._ To make a noise with the shoes in walking,
S.

~Clamp~, _s._ A heavy footstep or tread.

  _Ferguson._


CLANK, _s._ A sharp blow that causes a noise, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _klanck_, clangor.

_To_ ~Clank~, _v. a._ To give a sharp stroke, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

_To_ ~Clank~ _down_, _v. a._ To throw down with a shrill sharp noise.

  _Melvill's MS._


CLANK, _s._ A catch, a hasty hold taken of any object, S. _Claught_,
synon.

  _Ross._


_To_ CLAP ~the~ HEAD, To commend; conveying the idea of flattery, S.

  _Ramsay._


CLAP, _s._ A stroke; _Dedis clap_, the stroke of death.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _klap_, a slap, a box on the ear.


CLAP, _s._ A moment; _in a clap_, instantaneously.

  _Baillie._

    The idea is, a clap of the hand; for _handclap_ is used, S. B.


CLAP _of the hass_, the vulgar designation for the uvula, S.; synon.
_pap of the hass_.


CLAP, _s._ A flat instrument of iron, resembling a box, with a tongue
and handle, used for making proclamations through a town, instead of a
drum or hand-bell, S.

  _Chron. S. Poet._

    Teut. _klepp-en_, pulsare, sonare; Belg. _klep_, a clapper.

~Clapman~, _s._ A public crier, S.

    Belg. _klapperman_, a watchman with a clapper.


CLAPPERS, _s. pl._ Holes intentionally made for rabbits to burrow in,
either in an open warren, or within an inclosure.

    Fr. _clapier_, id. Su. G. _klapper_, lapides minuti et rotundi.


CLARCHE PIPE.

  _Watson's Coll._


CLARE, _adv._ Wholly, entirely, S.

  _Douglas._


CLAREMETHEN. According to the law of _claremethen_, any person who
claims stolen cattle or goods is required to appear at certain places
particularly appointed for this purpose, and prove his right to them, S.

  _Skene._

    From _clare_, clear, and _meith_, a mark.


CLARGIE, CLERGY, _s._ Erudition.

  _Priests Peblis._

    Fr. _clergie_, id. from Lat. _clericus_.


_To_ CLARK, _v. a._ To act as amanuensis, S.


_To_ CLART, _v. a._ To dirty, to foul, S. _Clort_, Perths.

~Clarts~, _s. pl._ Dirt, mire, any thing that defiles, S.

Hence,

~Clarty~, _adj._ Dirty, nasty, S. _Clorty_, Perths.

  _Maitland Poems._

_Clart._ To spread or smear. _Clarty_; smear'd; A. Bor.


_To_ CLASH, _v. n._

1. To talk idly, S.

  _Cleland._

2. To tittle-tattle, to tell tales, S.

    Germ. _klatschen_, id.; _klatcherey_, idle talk.

~Clash~, _s._

1. Tittle-tattle, prattle, S.

  _Satan's Invis. World._

2. Vulgar fame, the story of the day, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ CLASH, _v. a._ To pelt, to throw dirt, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _klets-en_, resono ictu verberare; Dan. _klatsk-er_, to flap.

~Clash~, _s._ A blow, a stroke, S.

    Germ. _klatch_, id.


CLASH, _s._ A heap of any heterogeneous substances, S.

    Isl. _klase_, rudis nexura, quasi congelatio.


CLASH, _s._ A cavity of considerable extent in the acclivity of a hill,
S.


CLASPS, _s. pl._ An inflammation of the termination of the sublingual
gland, a disease of horses, Border.

  _Watson._


CLAT, _s._ Used as synon. with _clod_.

  _Z. Boyd._

    Teut. _klotte_, _kluyte_, id. gleba, massa.


_To_ CLAT, CLAUT, _v. a._

1. To rake together dirt or mire, S.

2. To rake together, in a general sense, S.

    Su. G. _kladd_, filth.

3. To scrape, to scratch any thing together.

  _Burns._

~Clat~, ~Claut~, _s._

1. An instrument for raking together dirt or mire, S.

2. A hoe, as employed in the labours of husbandry, S.

3. The act of raking together, as applied to property.

4. What is scraped together by niggardliness, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ CLATCH, _v. a._

1. To daub with lime, S.; _harle_, synon.

2. To close up with any adhesive substance.

    Isl. _kleose_, _kleste_, lino, oblino.

~Clatch~, _s._ Any thing thrown for the purpose of daubing.

    Isl. _klessa_, any thing that bedaubs.


_To_ CLATCH, SKLATCH, _v. a._ To finish any piece of workmanship in a
careless and hurried way, without regard to the rules of art, S.

~Clatch~, _s._ Any piece of mechanical work done in a careless way, S.


CLATH, CLAITH, _s._ Cloth, S.

V. ~Claith~.


_To_ CLATT, _v. a._ To bedaub, to dirty, S. _Clate_, to daub, A. Bor.

~Clattie~, _adj._ Nasty, dirty, S. _Claity_, id., Cumb.

  _Z. Boyd._

    Su. G. _kladd_, sordes, _kladd-a sig ned_, se vestesque suas
inquinare; Belg. _kladd-en_, to daub, _kladdig_, dirty.


_To_ CLATTER, _v. a._

1. To prattle, to act as a tell-tale, S.

  _Dunbar._

2. To chat, to talk familiarly, S.

    Teut. _kletter-n_, concrepare.

~Clatter~, _s._

1. An idle or vague rumour, S.

  _Hudson._

2. Idle talk, frivolous loquacity, S.

  _J. Nicol._

3. Free and familiar conversation, S.

  _Shirrefs._

~Clatterer~, _s._ A tale-bearer, S.

  _Lyndsay._

~Clattern~, _s._ A tattler, a babbler, Loth.

  _Ramsay._


CLAUCHANNE, _s._ A village in which there is a church.

V. ~Clachan~.


CLAUCHT, _pret._ Snatched, laid hold of eagerly and suddenly.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _klaa_, unguibus veluti fixis prehendere.  This may be viewed
as the pret. of the _v._ ~Cleik~, q. v.

~Claucht~, ~Claught~, _s._ A catch or seizure of any thing in a sudden
and forcible way, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ CLAVER, _v. a._

1. To talk idly, or in a nonsensical manner, S. pron. _claiver_.

  _Ramsay._

2. To chat, to gossip, S.

  _Morison._

    Germ. _klaffer_, garrulus.

~Claver~, ~Claiver~, _s._ Frivolous talk, prattle, S.

  _Ramsay._


CLAVER, CLAUIR, _s._ Clover, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _claefer_, Belg. _klaver_, id. from A. S. _cleafan_, to
cleave, because of the remarkable division of the leaves.


CLAW, _s._ A kind of iron spoon for scraping the bake-board, Ang.

    Teut. _klauw-en_, scalpere, _klauwe_, rastrum.


_To_ CLAY, CLAY UP, _v. a._ To stop a hole or chink by any unctuous or
viscous substance, S.

  _Ferguson._


CLEAVING, _s._ The division in the human body from the _os pubis_
downwards, S.

V. ~Clof~.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _klof_, femorum intercapedo.


_To_ CLECK, _v. a._ To hatch.

V. ~Clek~.


CLECKIN-BROD, _s._ A board for striking with at hand-ball, Loth.
_Baw-brod_, i. e. ball-board, synon.

    Isl. _klecke_, leviter verbero.


_To_ CLEED, CLEITH, _v. a._

1. To clothe, S.

  _Burns._

2. Metaph. applied to foliage.

  _Ferguson._

3. Used obliquely, to denote the putting on of armour.

  _Acts Marie._

4. To seek protection from.

  _Spalding._

    Isl. Su. G. _klaed-a_, Germ. _kleid-en_, Belg. _kleed-en_, Dan.
_klaed-er_, id.

~Cleeding~, ~Cleading~, _s._ Clothing, apparel, S.

Germ. _kleidung_, id.

  _Ramsay._

~Cled Score~, A phrase signifying twenty-one in number, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Qu. _clothed_ with one in addition.


CLEG, GLEG, _s._ A gad-fly, a horse-fly. It is pronounced _gleg_, S. B.
_cleg_, Clydes. A. Bor. id.

  _Hudson._

    Dan. _klaeg_, id. tabanus.


CLEIK, _adj._ Lively, agile, fleet, Loth.

V. ~Cleuch~, _adj._


_To_ CLEIK, CLEK, CLEEK, _v. a._ To catch as by a hook, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To lay hold of, after the manner of a hook, S.

3. To seize, in whatever way, whether by force, or by fraud, S.

  _Lyndsay._

4. _To cleik up_, obliquely used, to raise, applied to a song.

  _Peblis to the Play._

    Isl. _hleik-ia_, to bind with chains.

~Cleik~, ~Clek~, _s._

1. An iron hook.

  _Acts Ja. I._

2. A hold of any object, S.

3. The arm, metaph. used.

  _A. Nicol._

    Isl. _klakr_, ansa clitellarum, _hleck-r_, an iron chain.

~Cleiky~, _adj._ Ready to take the advantage, inclined to circumvent, S.

~Cleiks~, _s. pl._ A cramp in the legs, to which horses are subject.

  _Montgomerie._


CLEYNG, Perhaps, a dark substance.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._


_To_ CLEK, CLEKE, _v. a._

1. To hatch, to produce young by incubation, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. To bear, to bring forth, S.

  _Douglas._

3. To hatch, as applied to the mind, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. To feign.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Su. G. _klaeck-a_, Isl. _klek-ia_, excludere pullos.

~Cleckin~, _s._

1. A brood of chickens, S.

2. Metaph. a family of children, S.


CLEKET, _s._ The tricker of an engine.

  _Barbour._

    E. _clicket_, the knocker of a door, Fr. _cliquet_, id.


_To_ CLEM, _v. a._

1. To stop a hole by compressing, S.

2. To stop a hole by means of lime, clay, &c.; also to _clem up_, S.

    A. S. _cleam-ian_, id.


_To_ CLEP, CLEPE, _v. a._ To call, to name.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _cleop-an_, _clyp-ian_, vocare.

~Clep~, _s._ A more solemn form of citation, used especially in criminal
cases.

  _Skene._


_To_ CLEP, _v. n._

1. To act the tell-tale, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To chatter, to prattle; especially, as implying the idea of pertness,
S.

    Belg. _klapp-en_, to tattle, to betray.

~Clep~, _s._ Tattle, pert loquacity, S.

    Belg. _ydele klap_, idle chat.


CLERGY.

V. ~Clargie~.


CLERK-PLAYIS, _s. pl._ Properly, those theatrical representations the
subjects of which were borrowed from Scripture.

  _Calderwood._


CLETT, _s._ A projecting rock or cliff, Caithn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _klett-ur_, rupes mari imminens.


CLEUCH, CLEUGH, (gutt.) _s._

1. A precipice, a rugged ascent, S. B. _Heuch_, synon.

  _Wallace._

Ir. _cloichs_; a rock.

2. A strait hollow between precipitous banks, or a hollow descent on the
side of a hill, S.

  _Evergreen._

    A. S. _clough_, rima quaedam vel fissura ad montis clivum vel
declivum.


CLEUCH, _adj._

1. Clever, dextrous, light-fingered, S. B.

2. Niggardly and severe in dealing, S. B.

    Isl. _klok-r_, callidus, vafer; Germ. _klug_, id.


CLEUCK, CLUKE, _s._

1. A claw or talon.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Used figuratively for the hand. Hence _cair-cleuck_, the left hand,
S. B.

  _Morison._

    Perhaps a dimin. from Su. G. _klo_, Teut. _klauwe_, a claw or talon.

_To_ ~Cleuck~, ~Cleuk~, _v. a._ To grip, to seize with violence, Aberd.

  _Forbes._


CLEUE and LAW, Higher and lower part.

  _Barbour._

    _Cleue_ seems to be the same with Germ. _kleve_, A. S. _clif_,
clivus.


_To_ CLEVER, _v. n._ To climb, to scramble. A. Bor. id.

  _King's Quair._

    Teut. _klaver-en_, _klever-en_, sursum reptare unguibus fixis, Isl.
_klifr-a_, id.


CLEVERUS, _adj._ Clever.

V. ~Cleuch~.


CLEVIS, Leg. _clevir_, i. e. clover.

  _Maitland Poems._


_To_ CLEW, _v. n._ To cleave, to fasten.

    Teut. _klev-en_, id.

  _Wyntown._


CLEWIS, _s. pl._ Claws, talons.

V. ~Cleuck~.

  _Douglas._


CLIBBER, CLUBBER, _s._ A wooden saddle, a packsaddle, Caithn. Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _klifberi_, clitellae, from _klif_, fascis, sarcina, and _beri_
portator.


CLICK-CLACK, _s._ Uninterrupted loquacity, S.

    From E. _click_ and _clack_, both expressive of a sharp successive
noise; or Teut. _klick-en_, crepitare, _klack-en_, verberare resono
ictu.


CLIFT, _s._ A spot of ground, S.

    A. S. _cliof-an_, to cleave, because parted from the rest.


_To_ CLINCH, CLYNSCH, _v. n._ To limp, S.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _link-a_, claudicare.

~Clinch~, _s._ A halt, S.


CLINK, _s._ A smart stroke or blow, S.

  _Hamilton._

    Teut. _klincke_, id.; alapa, colaphus.


CLINK, _s._ Money; a cant term, S.

  _Burns._

    From the sound; Teut. _klinck-en_, tinnire.


_To_ CLINK, _v. a._ A term denoting alertness in manual operation, S.

_To_ ~Clink on~, _v. a._ To clap on.

  _Ramsay._

_To_ ~Clink up~, _v. a._ To seize any object quickly and forcibly, S.

    If not radically the same with the v. _cleik_, with _n_ inserted;
allied perhaps to Dan. _lencke_ a chain, a link, q. _gelencke_.


CLINT, _s._ A hard or flinty rock. Gl. Sibb. "_Clints_. Crevices amongst
bare lime-stone rocks, North." Gl. Grose.

Hence,

~Clinty~, ~Clynty~, _adj._ Stony, Loth.

    Su. G. _klint_, scopulus.

  _Douglas._


CLIP, _s._

1. probably borrowed from a sheep newly shorn or _clipped_.

  _Evergreen._

2. A colt of a year old.

  _Buchan._


_To_ CLIP, CLYP, _v. a._

1. To embrace.

  _King's Quair._

2. To lay hold of in a forcible manner.

  _Douglas._

3. To grapple in a sea-fight.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _clipp-an_, _clypp-ian_, to embrace.

~Clips~, ~Clippys~, _s. pl._

1. Grappling-irons, used in a sea-fight.

  _Wallace._

2. An instrument for lifting a pot by its ears, S.; or for carrying a
barrel.

  _Ramsay._

3. Hooks for catching hold of fish, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._


CLIPPIE, _s._ A talkative woman, S. Gl. Sibb.

    From Teut. _kleps_, dicax, or the E. v. _clip_.


CLIPPS, CLIPPES, _s._ An eclipse.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

~Clips~, _pres. v._ Suffers an eclipse.

  _Complaynt S._


CLYRE, _s._

1. "A _clyre_ in meat," a gland, S.

    Teut. _kliere_, id.

2. "To leave no _klyres_ in one's breast," to go to the bottom of any
quarrel or grudge, S.

~Clyred~, _adj._ Having tumours in the flesh.

  _Cleland._


CLISH-CLASH, _s._ Idle discourse, bandied backwards and forwards, S.
apparently a reduplication of _clash_, q. v.


CLISH-MA-CLAVER, _s._ Idle discourse, silly talk, S.; a low word.

  _Ramsay._


CLITTER-CLATTER, _s._ Idle talk, bandied backwards and forwards, S.

V. ~Clatter~, _s._ and _v._

  _Cleland._


CLIVACE, _s._ A hook for catching the bucket in which coals are drawn up
from the pit, Loth.


CLOCE.

V. ~Close~.


CLOCHARET, _s._ The Stonechatter, S. Motacilla rubicola, Linn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Gael. _cloichran_, id. from _cloich_, a stone, and perhaps _rann_, a
song.


_To_ CLOCHER, _v. n._ To cough; especially as indicating the sound
emitted, when there is much phlegm in the throat, S.

    Gael. _clochar_, wheezing in the throat, Shaw.


_To_ CLOCK, CLOK, _v. n._

1. To cluck, to call chickens together.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _clocc-an_, Teut. _klock-en_, glocire.

2. To hatch, to sit on eggs, S.

  _Kelly._


CLOCK-BEE, _s._ A species of beetle, _fleeing golach_, synon.


CLOD, _s._ A flat kind of loaf, made of coarse wheaten flour, and
sometimes of the flour of pease, S.

  _Shirrefs._

    Qu. resembling a _clod_ of earth.


CLOFF, _s._

1. A fissure of any kind.

2. What is otherwise S. called the _cleaving_.

    Lat. intercapedo.

  _Lyndsay._

3. A cleft between adjacent hills, Loth.

4. The cleft of a tree, or that part of it where the branches separate
from each other, Loth.

    Isl. _kloff_, Su. G. _kloffwa_, a fissure.


CLOIS, _s._ Crown.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _klos_, globus.


CLOYS, _s._ A cloister.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _kluyse_, clausura, locus clausus, L. B. _clusa_.


CLOIT, _s._ A clown, a stupid inactive fellow, S.

    Teut. _kloete_, homo obtusus, hebes.


_To_ CLOIT, _v. n._ To fall heavily, S.

  _Hamilton_.

    Belg. _klots-en_, to beat with noise.

~Cloit~, _s._ A hard or heavy fall, S.


_To_ CLOK, _v. n._ To cluck.

V. ~Clock~.


CLOLLE, _s._ Apparently, skull.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    Germ. _kleuel_, glomus.


CLORTY, _adj._ Dirty.

V. ~Clarty~.


CLOSE, _s._ A passage, an entry, S. _cloce_, Douglas.

  _Arnot._

    Belg. _kluyse_, clausura.


CLOSERIS, CLOUSOURIS, _s. pl._ Inclosures.

  _Douglas._


CLOVE, (_of a mill_) _s._ That which separates what are called the
bridgeheads, S.

V. ~Cloff~.

~Cloves~, _s. pl._ An instrument of wood, which closes like a vice, used
by carpenters for holding their saws firm while they sharpen them, S.

V. ~Cloff~.


CLOUYS, _s. pl._ Claws.

  _Douglas._


_To_ CLOUR, CLOWR, _v. a._

1. To cause a tumour, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To produce a dimple, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

~Clour~, _s._

1. A lump, a tumour, in consequence of a stroke or fall, S.

  _S. P. Repr._

2. A dint caused by a blow, S.


_To_ CLOUT, _v. a._ To beat, to strike, properly with the hands, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Teut. _klots-en_, pulsare.

~Clout~, _s._ A cuff, a blow, S.

  _Ritson._


_To_ CLOW, _v. a._ To beat down, Galloway.


CLOWE, _s._ A hollow between hills.

  _Sir Gawan and Sir Gal._

    The same with _Cleugh_, q. v. also _Cloff_.


CLOWIS, _s. pl._ Small round pieces.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _cleow_, Teut. _klouwe_, sphaera.


CLOWIT, _part. pa._ "Made of clews, woven." Rudd.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _klouwe_, glomus.


CLOUSE, CLUSH, _s._ A sluice, S.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

    Fr. _ecluse_, id. Arm. _clewz_, a ditch.


CLUBBER, _s._

V. ~Clibber~.


CLUBBOCK, _s._ The spotted Blenny; a fish, Blennius gunnellus, Linn.

  _Statist. Acc._


CLUF, CLUIF, _s._

1. A hoof, Rudd., _clu_, S. B.

    Su. G. _klof_, ungula.

2. A claw, Rudd.

    Teut. _kluyve_, unguls.


CLUKIS.

V. ~Cleuck~.


CLUMMYN, _part. pa._ of _Climb_.

  _Douglas._


CLUMP, _s._ A heavy inactive fellow, S.

    Su. G. _klump_, Teut. _klompe_.


CLUNG, _part. pa._ Empty, applied to the stomach or belly after long
fasting, S.

    From E. _cling_, to dry up.

  _Ross._


_To_ CLUNK, _v. n._ To emit a hollow and interrupted sound, as that
proceeding from any liquid confined in a cask, when shaken, if the cask
be not full, S.

    Dan. _glunk_, the guggling of a narrow-mouthed pot or strait-necked
bottle when it is emptying; Sw. _klunk-a_, to guggle.


CLUNKERS, _s. pl._ Dirt hardened in clots, so as to render a road,
pavement, or floor unequal, S.

    Germ. _clunkern_, a knot or clod of dirt.


CLUTE, _s._ The half of the hoof of any cloven-footed animal, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Germ. _cluft_, fissura, or A. S. _cleofed_, fissus.


CLUTTERING, _part. pr._ Doing any piece of business in an awkward and
dirty way, S. B.

    Teut. _kleuter-en_, tuditare.


COALS, _To bring over the coals_, to bring to a severe reckoning, S.

  _Forbes._

    Referring, most probably, to the ordeal by fire.


COBLE, KOBIL, _s._

1. A small boat, a yawl, S.

    A. S. _couple_, navicula.

  _Wyntown._

2. A larger kind of fishing boat, S.

3. _Malt coble_, a place for steeping malt, in order to brewing, S.

    Germ. _kubel_, a vat or tub.


_To_ COBLE, _v. a._ To steep malt.

  _Fountainhall._


COBWORM, _s._ The larva of the Cock-chaffer, Scarabaeus melolontha.

  _Statist. Acc._


COCK, _s._ The mark for which _curlers_ play, S.

  _Burns._


COCK, _s._ A cap, a head-dress, S. B.

  _Ross._


COCK AND PAIL, A spigot and faucet, S.


COCKALAN, _s._ A comic or ludicrous representation.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Fr. _coq à l'âne_, a libel, a pasquin, a satire.


COCKANDY, _s._ The Puffin, Alca arctica, Linn. S. _Tommy-noddy_, Orkn.

  _Sibbald._


COCKERDEHOY. _To ride cockerdehoy_, to sit on the shoulders of another,
in imitation of riding on horseback, S. B.

    Fr. _coquardeau_, a proud fool.


COCKERNONNY, _s._ The gathering of a young woman's hair, when it is
wrapt up in a band or fillet, commonly called a _snood_, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _koker_, a case, and _nonne_, a nun, q. such a sheath for
fixing the hair as the nuns were wont to use.


COCKERSUM, _adj._ Unsteady in position, threatening to fall or tumble
over, S.

    Fr. _coquarde_, a cap, worn proudly on the one side.


COCKY, _adj._ Vain, affecting airs of importance, S. B. from the E. v.
_to cock_.

  _Ross._


COCKIELEEKIE, _s._ Soup made of a _cock_ boiled with _leeks_, S.


COCKIELEERIE, _s._ A term expressive of the sound made by a cock in
crowing, S.

    Teut. _kockeloer-en_, to cry like a cock.


COCKLAIRD, _s._ A landholder, who himself possesses and cultivates all
his estate, a yeoman, S.

  _Kelly._


COCKLE, COKKIL, _s._ A scallop, Fr. _coquille_.

The _Order of the Cockle_, that of St Michael, the knights of which wore
the scallop as their badge.

  _Complaynt S._


COCKROSE, _s._ Any wild poppy with a red flower. _Coprose_, A. Bor.


COCK-PADDLE, _s._ The Lump, a fish, Cyclopterus lumpus, Linn., _The
Paddle_, Orkn.

  _Sibbald._


COCKS. _To cast at the cocks_, to waste, to squander, S. from the
barbarous custom of throwing for a piece of money at a cock tied to a
stake.

  _Ramsay._


COCK-STULE, CUKSTULE, _s._

1. The cucking-stool or tumbrell.

  _Bur. Lawes._

    Teut. _kolcken_, ingurgitare, or _kaecke_, the pillory.

2. This term has accordingly been used, in later times, to denote the
pillory, S.

  _Ramsay._


COD, _s._ A pillow, S. A. Bor.

  _Compl. S._

    A. S. _codde_, a bag. Isl. _kodde_, a pillow.

~Codware~, _s._ A pillow-slip, S.

    A. S. _waer_, retinaculum, Su. G. _war_, id. from _waeri_, to keep,
to cover.


CODBAIT, _s._

1. The Lumbricus marinus, Loth.

2. The straw-worm, ibid.

    A. S. _codd_, folliculus.


CODE, _s._ A chrysom.

V. ~Cude~.


_To_ CODLE (corn), _v. a._ To make the grains fly out of the husks by a
stroke, S. B. perhaps from _cod_, the pod.


CODROCH, _adj._

1. Rustic, having the manners of the country, Loth. Fife.

  _Ferguson._

2. Dirty, slovenly, synon. _hogry-mogry_, Loth.

    Ir. _cudar_, the rabble.


COELTS, _s. pl._ Colts.

  _Monroe._


_To_ COFF, COFFE, _v. a._ To buy, to purchase, S., most commonly in the
pret. _coft_.

V. ~Coup~, _v._

  _Shirrefs._

    Germ. _kaufte_, bought, from _kauf-en_, Su. G. _koep-a_, to buy.

~Coffe~, ~Cofe~, ~Coife~, A merchant, a hawker; _pedder coffe_, a
pedlar.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


COFFING, COFYNE, _s._

1. A shrine, a box.

  _Wyntown._

2. The hard crust of bread.

  _Douglas._

    Lat. _cophin-us_, a basket.


COFT, _pret._ and _part. pa._ Bought.

V. ~Coff~.


COG, COAG, COIG, COGUE, _s._ A hollow wooden vessel of a circular form
for holding milk, broth, &c. S.

  _Watson's Coll._

    Germ. _kauch_, a hollow vessel, C. B. _cawg_, a bason.

_To_ ~Cog~, ~Cogue~, _v. a._ To empty into a wooden vessel.

  _Ramsay._


COG, COGGE, _s._ A yawl or cockboat.

  _Wyntown._

    Teut. _kogghe_, celox; Su. G. _kogg_, navigii genus, apud veteres.


_To_ COGLE, COGGLE, _v. a._ To cause any thing to move from side to
side, so as to seem ready to be overset, S.

    Perhaps from _cog_, a yawl, because this is so easily overset.

~Cogglie~, _adj._ Moving from side to side, unsteady as to position, apt
to be overset, S. _Cockersum_, synon.


COY, _adj._ Still, quiet.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _coi_, _coy_, id., from Lat. _quiet-us_.


COIDOCH, COYDYOCH, _s._ A term of contempt applied to a puny wight.

  _Polwart._


COIF, _s._ A cave.

  _Douglas._


COIG.

V. ~Cog~, ~Coag~.


COILHEUCH, _s._ A coalpit, S.

  _Skene._


COIN, COYNYE, _s._ A corner.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _coin_, id. Ir. _cuinne_, a corner, an angle.


COISSING, Cherrie and Slae.

V. ~Cose~, _v._


COIST, COST, _s._

1. The side in the human body.

  _Douglas._

  _Wallace._

2. The trunk of the body.

  _Douglas._

3. Also used for E. _coast_, Lat. _ora_, Doug.

~Coist~, _s._

1. Expence, cost.

  _Douglas._

2. The provision made for watching the borders.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Belg.  Su. G. _kost_, cost, charge.

~Coist~, _s._

1. Duty payable in kind, Orkn.

2. The sustenance given to a servant, as distinct from money, ibid.

  _Skene._

    Su. G. Dan. _kost_, food.


_To_ COIT, _v. n._ To butt, to justle.

  _Fordun._

    Fr. _cott-er_, to butt, Isl. _kuettr_, torvus, _kueita_, violenter
jactare.


COK. _To cry cok_, to acknowledge that one is vanquished.

  _Douglas._

    O. Celt, _coc_, mediant, vile.


COKEWALD, _s._ A cuckold, Chauc.

    Isl. _qvonkall_, curruca, seu cornutus, from _kvon_, uxor, and
_kvola_, maculare, G. Andr.


COLEHOODING, _s._ The Black-cap, a bird, S. _Coalhood_.

  _Sibbald._


COLEMIE, COALMIE, _s._ The Coalfish, Asellus niger, Ang.

    Germ. _kohlmuhlen_, id.


_To_ COLF, _v. a._ To calk a ship.

    Fr. _calfat-er_, Teut. _kallefaet-en_, id.

~Colfin~, ~Calfing~, _s._ The wadding of a gun, S.

  _Wodrow._


COLIBRAND, _s._ A contemptuous designation for a blacksmith, Border.

  _Watson's Coll._

    Su. G. _kol_, carbo, and _brenna_, urere, q. the _coal-burner_.


COLK, _s._ The Eider duck, a sea-fowl, S. the _Duntur Goose_ of Sibbald.

  _Monroe._


COLL, _s._ A cock of hay, S. B. _Keil_. A. Bor.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _cueill-er_, to gather, E. _to coil_.


_To_ COLL, _v. a._

1. To cut, to clip. _To coll the hair_, to poll it, S.

2. To cut any thing obliquely, S.

V. ~Cow~.

    Su. G. _kull-a_, verticis capillos abradere.


COLLATYOWN, _s._ Conference, discourse.

    Lat. _collatio_.

  _Wyntown._


COLLEGENAR, _s._ A student at college, S.

  _Spalding._


COLLIE, COLLEY, _s._

1. The shepherd's dog, S. A. Bor.

  _Burns._

    Ir. _cuilean_, Gael. _culie_, a little dog.

2. One who follows another constantly, S.

3. A lounger, one who hunts for a dinner.

  _Calderwood._


_To_ COLLIE, _v. a._ To abash, to silence in an argument; in allusion to
a dog, who, when mastered or affronted, walks off with his tail between
his feet, Fife.


COLLIESHANGIE, _s._

1. An uproar, a squabble, S.

  _Ross._

2. A ring of plaited grass or straw, through which a lappet of a woman's
gown, or fold of a man's coat is clandestinely thrust, in order to
excite ridicule, Ang.

    Perhaps from _collie_ and _shangie_, q. v.


COLPINDACH, _s._ A young cow that has never calved.

  _Skene._

    Gael. _colbhtach_, a cow calf.


COM, COME, _s._ Act of coming, arrival.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _cum_, _cyme_, adventus.


_To_ COME, _v. n._

1. To sprout, to spring; applied to grain, when it begins to germinate,
S.

2. To sprout at the lower end; applied to grain in the process of
malting, S.

  _Chalm. Air._

    Isl. _keim-a_, Germ. _kiem-en_, id.


COMERWALD, _adj._ Hen-pecked.

  _Dunbar._

    _Comer_, a gossip, and A. S. _wald_, power.


COMMEND, _s._ A comment, a commentary.

  _Douglas._


COMMEND, _s._ A benefice _in commendam_.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _commende_, L. B. _commenda_, id.


COMMON, COMMOUN. _To be in one's common_, to be obliged to one, S.

  _Pitscottie._

_To quite a commoun_, to requite.

  _Knox._

    From _commons_ as signifying fare.


COMMONTIE, _s._

1. A common, S.

    Lat. _communit-as_.

2. Community.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


COMPARGES, _Leg._ _compaignyies_, companies.

  _Houlate._


_To_ COMPEIR, COMPEAR, _v. n._

1. To appear in the presence of another.

  _Bellenden._

2. To present one's self in a court, civil or ecclesiastical, in
consequence of being summoned, S.

  _Priests Peblis._

    Fr. _compar-oir_, to appear, Lat. _compar-ere_, id.

~Compearance~, _s._ The act of presenting one's self in a court, S.

  _Baillie._


COMPER, _s._ The Common Fishing Crog, Lophius piscatorius, Linn. Orkn.

  _Barry._


_To_ COMPESCE, _v. a._ To restrain.

    Lat. _compesco_.

  _Baillie._


_To_ COMPETE, _v. n._ To be in a state of competition, S.


COMPLENE, The last of the canonical hours.

  _Douglas._

    L. B. _complendae_, officium ecclesiasticum, quod cetera diurna
officia _com-plet_ et claudit.


COMPLIMENT, _s._ A present, a gift, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

_To_ ~Compliment~ _with_, _v. a._ To present one with, S.


_To_ COMPONE, _v. a._ To settle.

  _R. Bruce._


_To_ COMPONE, _v. n._ To compound.

  _Baillie._


CON, _s._ The squirrel; A. Bor. id.

  _Montgomerie._


CONABILL, _adj._ Attainable.

  _Barbour._

    Lat. _conabilis_, what may be attempted.


CONAND, _part. pr._ Knowing, skilful.

    From _Cun_, to know, q. v.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ CONCEALE, _v. a._ To conciliate, Lat. _concil-io_.

  _More._


CONCEIT-NET, _s._ A fixed net, used in some rivers, S. B.


_To_ CONDESCEND, _v. a._

1. To agree, to unite, S.

  _Complaynt S._

    L. B. _condescend-ere_, consentire.

2. To pitch upon, to enumerate particularly, S.


CONDET, CONDICT, CONDYT, _s._ Safe conduct.

  _Wallace._


CONDY, _s._ A conduit, S.


CONDICT, _s._ Conduit, passage.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _konduyt_, Fr. _conduit_, id.


CONFEERIN, _part. adj._ Consonant, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Lat. _conferr-e_, to compare.

~Confeirin~, _conj._ Considering.

  _Journal Lond._


CONFIDER, _adj._ Confederate.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _confeder-ez_, id.


_To_ CONFISKE, _v. a._ To confiscate.

    Fr. _confisqu-er_, id.

  _Bellenden._


CONYNG, _s._ Knowledge, skill.

  _King's Quair._


_To_ CONN, _v. a._ To know.

  _Barbour._


_To_ CONNACH, _v. a._ To abuse, in whatever way. Aberd.

  _Pennecuik._


CONNAND, CONAND, _s._

1. Engagement, contract.

  _Barbour._

2. Proffers, terms previous to an engagement.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _convenant_, from _conven-ir_, to agree.


CONNERED, _part. pa._ Curried.

  _Chalmerlan Air._

    Fr. _conroy-er_, to curry.


CONNIE, CONNEIS, _s._ Perhaps provisions.

  _Chron. S. P._

    O. Fr. _convis_, necessaries, Fr. _convoi_.


CONNYSHONIE, _s._ A gossiping conversation, S. B.


_To_ CONNOCH, _v. a._

V. ~Connach~.


CONNOCH, _s._ A disease.

  _Polwart._


_To_ CONQUACE, CONQUES, _v. a._

1. To acquire, whether by art or valour.

  _Douglas._

2. To acquire by conquest.

  _Wallace._

3. To purchase with money.

  _Reg. Maj._

~Conquace~, ~Conquese~, _s._

1. Conquest.

  _Wallace._

2. Acquisition by purchase.

    L. B. _conquestus_, id.

  _Quon. Attach._


CONRYET, _pret._ Perhaps, disposed.

  _Wallace._

    O. Fr. _conraer_, to prepare, whence _conroi_, order of battle.


CONSTABLE, _s._ A large glass, the contents of which he is obliged to
drink, who has not drunk as much as the rest of the company, S.


CONSTERIE, CONSTRY, _s._ Consistory.

  _Forbes._


_To_ CONSTITUTE, _v. a._ To open an ecclesiastical court with prayer, S.


CONTAKE, _s._ Contest.

  _Douglas._


CONTEMPTION, _s._ Contempt.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ CONTEYNE, _v. s._ To continue.

  _Wallace._


_To_ CONTENE, _v. n._ To demean one's self.

  _Barbour._

~Contening~, _s._

1. Demeanour.

  _Barbour._

2. Military discipline.

  _Barbour._


CONTENEU, _s._ Tenor.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _contenu_, id.


CONTER. _A conter_, to the contrary.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _contre_, against.


CONTERMYT, _part. pa._ Firmly set against.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _contremet-tre_, to oppose.


_To_ CONTINUE, _v. a._ To delay.

  _Spotswood._


CONTRIMONT, _adv._ The contrary way.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _contremont_, directly against the stream.


CONTRAIR, _adj._ Contrary, Fr.

  _Baillie._

_To_ ~Contrare~, ~Conter~, _v. a._ To thwart, to oppose, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _contrar-ier_, id.

~Contrare~, _s._

1. Opposition of any kind.

  _Douglas._

2. Something contrary to one's feelings or hopes. _Conter_, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ CONTRUFE, _v. a._ To contrive; _contruwit_, part. pa.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _controuv-er_, id.

~Contruwar~, _s._ A contriver.


_To_ CONVENE, CONVEANE, CONUEIN, _v. n._ To agree.

  _Forbes._

    Fr. _conven-ir_, Lat. _conven-ire_, id.

~Conuyne~, ~Conuene~, ~Conwyne~, ~Covyne~, ~Cowyne~, ~Cuwyn~, _s._

1. Paction, convention.

    Fr. _convent_, id.

  _Douglas._

2. Condition, state.

  _Barbour._

3. Stratagem, conspiracy.

  _Wyntown._

    O. Fr. _convine_, _couvine_, pratique, intrigue.


_To_ CONVOY, _v. a._ To accomplish any purpose, especially by artful
means.

  _Douglas._

~Convoy~, _s._

1. Mode of conveyance.

  _Baillie._

2. A trick.

  _Poems 16th Cent._

~Conwoy~, _s._ Mein, carriage.

  _Dunbar._


COODIE, CUDIE, _s._ A small tub, also _cude_: _quiddie_, Aberd.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _kutte_, tonnula, Gael. _ciotad_, a tub.


COOF, CUFE, _s._ A silly dastardly fellow, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _kufw-a_, to keep under, Isl. _kueif_, one who is cowardly
and feeble.


_To_ COOK, COUK, _v. n._

1. To appear and disappear by fits.

  _Burns._

2. To hide one's self.

  _Kennedy._

    Isl. _kvik-a_, moto, _qvika_, inquieta motatio.


COOKIE, _s._ A species of fine bread used at tea, of a round form, S.

    Teut. _koeck_, libum.


COOLRIFE, _adj._

1. Cool, cold, S.

  _Ross._

2. Indifferent, S.

V. ~Cauldrife~.


COOM, _s._ The wooden frame used in building the arch of a bridge, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Allied perhaps to _Queme_, q. v.


COOP, COUP-CART, _s._ A cart made close with boards, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Teut. _kuype_, a large vessel for containing liquids.


COOT, _s._ The ancle.

V. ~Cute~.


COOTH, _s._ A young coalfish.

V. ~Cuth~.


COOTIE, _adj._ A term applied to fowls whose legs are clad with
feathers, S.

  _Burns._


COP, COPE, _s._ A cup or drinking vessel.

    A. S. _cop_, Isl. _kopp_, id.

  _Dunbar._


COPOUT. "_To play copout_," to drink off all that is in a cup or
drinking vessel; _cap-out_, S.

  _Douglas._


COPE, _s._ A coffin; "a _cope_ of leid," a leaden coffin.

V. ~Caip~.

  _Knox._


_To_ COPÉ _betuene_, to divide.

  _King Hart._

    Fr. _coup-er_, to cut, to cleave.


COPER, _s._ A dealer.

V. ~Couper~.


COPY, _s._ Plenty, abundance.

  _Wyntown._

    Lat. _copia_.


COPPER, _s._ A cupbearer.

  _Palice of Hon._

    Evidently from A. S. _cop_, a cup.


COPPIN, _part. pa. Coppin in hevin_, elevated to heaven.

  _King's Quair._

    A. S. _cop_, the summit.


CORANICH, CORRENOTH, CORRINOCH, _s._

1. A dirge, a lamentation for the dead, S.

  _Lyndsay._

    Ir. Gael. _coranach_, from _cora_, a _quoir_, Lat. _chorus_.

2. A cry of alarm, a sort of war-cry.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

3. A proclamation of outlawry by means of the bagpipe.

  _Warton._


CORBIE, CORBY, _s._ A raven; Corvus corax, Linn, S.

  _Henrysone._

    Fr. _corbeau_, Ital. _corvo_, Lat. _corv-us_, id.

_Corbie-Aits_, _s. pl._ A species of black oats, denominated perhaps
from their dark colour, S. B.

~Corbie Messenger~, A messenger who either returns not at all, or too
late, S.

  _Houlate._


CORBIE-STEPS, _s. pl._ The projections of the stones, or the slanting
part of a gable, resembling steps of stairs, S.

    Fr. _corbeau_, a corbeil in masonry.


CORBIT, _adj._ Apparently, crooked.

  _Maitland._

    Fr. _courbé_, id. _courbette_, a small crooked rafter.


CORBUYLE, _s._ Leather greatly thickened and hardened in the
preparation, jacked leather.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _cuir bouilli_, corium coctum.


CORCHAT, _s._ Crotchet, a term in music.

  _Dunbar._


CORCOLET, _s._ A purple dye, Shetl.


CORDYT, _pret. v._ Agreed.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _accordée_.


CORDON, _s._ A band, a wreath.

    Fr. id.

  _Z. Boyd._


CORDOWAN, _s._ Spanish leather, Gl. Sibb. Tanned horse leather, S.


CORDS, _s. pl._ A contraction of the muscles of the neck; a disease of
horses, A. Bor.

  _Polwart._


CORE, _s._ A company, a body of men, often used for corps.

  _Hamilton._


CORF, _s._ A basket used for carrying coals from the pit, Loth.

    Belg. _korf_, Isl. _koerf_, Lat. _corb-is_, id.


CORF, _s._ A temporary building, a shed.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    A. S. _cruft_, a vault, Teut. _krofte_, a cave.

~Corf-House~, _s._ A house, shed, erected for the purpose of curing
salmon, and for keeping the nets in, S. B.

  _Courant._


CORFT, _part. pa. Corft fish_ are fish boiled with salt and water, S. B.


CORKY, _adj._ Airy, brisk.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


CORMUNDUM. _To cry Cormundum_, to confess a fault.

  _Kennedy._

    In allusion to one of the Penitential Psalms.


CORNCRAIK, _s._ The Crake or land rail, Rallus crex, Linn.

V. ~Craik~.

  _Houlate._

    Probably denominated from its cry.


CORNE PIPE, _s._ A reed or whistle with a horn fixed to it by the
smaller end.


CORNYKLE, _s._ A chronicle.

  _Wallace._


CORP, _s._ A corpse, a dead body.

~Corps-Present~, _s._ A funeral gift to the church, for supplying any
deficiency on the part of the deceased.

  _Knox._

    Fr. _corps_ and _present-er_, q. to present the body for interment;
or Fr. _present_, a gift.


CORRACH, CORRACK, _s._ A pannier, _Ang_.

    Su. G. _korg_, a pannier or basket.


CORRIE, _s._ A hollow between hills, or rather in a hill, Gael. also
_corehead_, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


CORS, CORSE, _s._ Market place, S.; from the _cross_ being formerly
erected there.

    Sw. _kors_, id.


CORS, CORSS, _s._ An animated body.

    Fr. _corps_.

  _Douglas._


CORSBOLLIS, _pl._ Crossbows.

  _Complaynt S._


CORSES, _s. pl._ Money, from its bearing the firm of the cross.

  _Dunbar._


CORSSY, _adj._ Bigbodied, corpulent.

  _Douglas._


CORSYBELLY, _s._ A shirt for a child, open before, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Q. A shirt that is folded _across the belly_.


CORTER, _s._

1. A quarter, corr. from _quarter_, Aberd.

2. A cake, because quartered, ibid.

  _Journal Lond._


CORUIE, _s._ A crooked iron for pulling down buildings.

  _Hudson._

    Fr. _corbeau_, "a certaine warlike instrument;" Cotgr.


CORUYN, _s._ A kind of leather.

  _Douglas._

    Corr. from _Cordowan_, q. v.


COSCH, COSHE, _s._ A coach.

  _Bruce._

    Fr. _coche_.


_To_ COSE, COSS, COISS, _v. a._ To exchange; _coss_, Loth.

  _Wallace._

~Cossing~, _s._ The act of exchanging.

  _Skene._


COSH, _adj._

1. Neat, snug; as denoting a comfortable situation, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. Quiet, without interruption, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

3. In a state of intimacy, S.

    Isl. _kios_, a small place well fenced.

~Coshly~, _adv._ Snugly, S.

  _Ferguson._


COSIE, COZIE, _adj._ Warm, comfortable, snug, well-sheltered, S.

  _Burns._

    This seems radically the same with _Cosh_.

~Cosiely~, _adv._ Snugly, comfortably, S.

  _Ramsay._


COSINGNACE, _s._

1. A relation by blood, a cousin.

  _Bellenden._

2. A grand-daughter; or a niece.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ COSS, _v. a._ To exchange.

V. ~Cose~.


COST, _s._ Side.

V. ~Coist~.


COSTAGE, _s._ Expence.

  _Douglas._


_To_ COSTAY, _v. n._ To coast.

  _Wyntown._


COSSNENT, _s. To work at cossnent_, to receive wages without victuals,
S.

_To work black cossnent_, to work without meat or wages, Ayr.

    Fr. _caust aneanti_, cost abrogated, q. expences not borne.


_To_ COT _with one_, _v. n._ To cohabit, S. B. q. to live in the same
_cot_.


COTTAR, COTTER, _s._ One who inhabits a _cot_ or cottage. S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    L. B. _cottar-ius_, Fr. _cottier_, id. Hence S. _cotterman_,
_cotterfouk_, &c.


COVAN, _s._ A convent.

  _Dunbar._

Anciently written _covent_.

  _Sir Gawan._

    In S., _caivin_ is still used for convent.


COUDIE, _adj._

V. ~Couth~.


COUATYSE, COVETISE, COWATYSS, _s._

1. Covetousness.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _couvoitise_, id.

2. Ambition, or the lust of power.

  _Barbour._


COUBROUN, _adj._ Uncertain, both as to signification and etymon.

  _Lyndsay._


COUCHER, _s._ A coward.

  _Rutherford._

_Coucher Blow_, the last stroke, S.

    From the E. v. _couch_, Fr. _couch-er_.


COVE, _s._ A cave, S. A. Bor.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _cofe_, Isl. _kofe_, id.


COUGHT, for _couth_. Could.

  _S. P. Rep._


COUHIRT, _s._ Cow-herd.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ COUK.

V. ~Cook~.


_To_ COUK, _v. n._ A term used to denote the sound emitted by the
cuckoo.

  _Montgomerie._


COULIE, COWLIE, _s._

1. A boy, S.

    Su. G. _kullt_, id.

2. A term applied to a man in the language of contempt, S.

  _Cleland._


COULPE, _s._ A fault.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _coulpe_, Lat. _culp-a_.


COULPIT, _part. pa._ Apparently, bartered, for _coupit_.

  _Maitland Poems._


_To_ COUNGEIR, _v. a._ To conjure.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

~Coungerar~, _s._ A conjurer.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


COUNYIE, _s._ Perhaps, motion.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _coign-er_, to beat, to strike.


COUNT, _s._ An accompt; _counting_, arithmetic, S.


_To_ COUNTERFACTE, _v. n._ To counterfeit.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


COUNTYR, COWNTIR, _s._

1. Encountre.

  _Douglas._

2. A division of an army engaged in battle.

  _Wallace._


_To_ COUP, COWP, _v. a._ To exchange, to barter, S.  A. Bor.

    Su. G. _koep-a_, id.

~Coup~, _s._

1. Exchange, S.

  _Maitland P._

2. _The hail coup_, the whole of any thing, S.

~Couper~, ~Coper~, _s._

1. A dealer; as, _horse-couper_, _cow-couper_.

  _Chalm. Air._

2. One who makes merchandise of souls.

  _Rutherford._


_To_ COUP, COWP, _v. a._ To overturn, to overset, S.

  _Knox._

_To_ ~Coup~, _v. n._ To overset, to tumble, S.

  _Muses Threnodie._

Sw. _gupp-a_, to tilt up.

~Coup~, ~Cowp~, _s._

1. A fall, S. _couppis_, S. B.

  _Lyndsay._

2. A sudden break in the stratum of coals, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


COUPLE, CUPPIL, _s._ A rafter, S.

    C. B. _kupul-ty_, id.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ COUR, _v. n._ To stoop, to crouch, S., _cower_, E.


_To_ COUR, _v. n._ To recover.

V. ~Cower~.


COURCHE, _s._ A covering for a woman's head. S. _Curchey_, Dunbar.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _couvre-chef_.


COURERS, CURERS, _s. pl._ Covers.

  _Gl. Sibb._


COUT, COWT, _s._ A young horse, S. corr. from _colt_.

~Cout-evil~, _s._ A disease incident to young horses, Border.; E.
_strangles_.

  _Polwart._


COUTCHACK, _s._ The clearest part of a fire, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._


COUTCHIT, _part. pa._ Inlaid, stuffed.

    Fr. _couch-er_, to lay.

  _Douglas._


COUTH, _aux. v._ Could.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _cuthe_, novi, from _cunn-an_, noscere.


COUTH, _part. pa._ Known.

  _Douglas._


COUTH, _s._ Enunciated sound; a word.

  _Popular Ball._

    Isl. _qwaede_, syllaba, _qwed-a_, effari.


COUTH, COUTHY, COUDY, _adj._

1. Affable, facetious, familiar, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Loving, affectionate, S.

  _Burns._

3. Comfortable.

  _Popular Ball._

4. Pleasant to the ear, S. B.

  _Ross._

5. Ominous of evil; _no coudy_, Ang.

    A. S. _cuth_, familiaris; Teut. _koddig_, facetus.

~Couthily~, _adv._ Kindly, familiarly, S.

  _Ross._

~Couthiness~, ~Coudiness~, _s._ Facetiousness, kindness, S.


COUTTERTHIRL, _s._ The vacuity between the _coulter_ and the
ploughshare, S.

V. ~Thirl~.


_To_ COW, _v. a._

1. To poll the head, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. To clip short, in general.

  _Polwart._

3. To cut, to prune, to lop off.

V. ~Coll~, _v._

_To cow out_, to cut out.

4. To eat up as food, S.

  _Popul. Ball._

5. To be _cowit_, to be bald.

  _Dunbar._

6. It occurs as signifying shaven; applied to the Roman tonsure.

  _Cleland._

    Isl. _koll-r_, tonsum caput.

7. Often used metaph. S. like E. _snib_.

  _Ramsay._

~Cow~, ~Kow~, _s._

1. A twig of any shrub or plant, S.

  _Priests Pebl._

2. Used to denote a bush.

  _Minst. Bord._

3. A besom made of broom, S.

  _Warton._

4. An instrument of correction, like E. _birch_, S.

5. The fuel used for a temporary fire, S.

  _Ross._

6. The act of pruning, viewed metaph. S.

  _Burns._


COW, KOW, _s._

1. A scarecrow, S.

  _Hamilton._

2. A hobgoblin, S.

  _Philotus._

_To play kow_, to act the part of a goblin.

  _Roull._

    From E. _cow_, to intimidate; or Isl. _kug_, suppressio.

~Cow~. _Brown cow_, a ludicrous designation given by the vulgar to a
barrel of beer or ale, from its colour, as contra-distinguished from
that of milk, S.

  _Ramsay._


COWAN, _s._ A fishing boat.

  _Wodrow._

    Su. G. _kogge_, C. B. _cwch_, linter.


COWAN, _s._

1. One who does the work of a mason, but has not been regularly bred, S.

2. One who builds dry walls, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Su. G. _kujon_, homo imbellis; Fr. _coi-on_, a base fellow; from
Su. G. _kufw-a_, supprimere, insultare.


COWART, _s._ Covert.

  _Wallace._


COWARTRY, _s._ Cowardice.

  _Bellenden._


COWATYSS.

V. ~Couatyse~.


COW-CLOOS, _s. pl._ Common trefoil, S. B. Trifolium pratense, Linn.


COWCLYNK, _s._ A harlot.

  _Lyndsay._

    Perhaps from _cow_, and _clink_, money; q. one who prunes the purse.


_To_ COWER, COWYR, COUR, _v. a._ To recover.

  _Barbour._

    Abbrev. from Fr. _recouvrir_.

~Cowering~, _s._ Recovery.

  _Barbour._


COW-FISH, _s._ The Mactra lutraria, Mya arenaria, or any other large
oval shellfish, Orkney.


COWFYNE, _s._ A ludicrous term.

  _Evergreen._


COWHUBBY, _s._ A cow-herd.

  _Evergreen._

    Belg. _koe_, a cow, and _hobb-en_, to toil, q. a cow-herd.


COWIE, _s._ The name given to the Porpoise in the Firth of Tay.


COWIE, _s._ A cow wanting horns, S.

V. ~Cow~, _v._


COWIE, adv. Very; as _cowie weel_, very well, Lanerks.

~Cowie~, _adj._ Odd, queer, Lanerks.


COWIT, _part. pa._

1. Closely cut.

2. Having short and thin hair.

V. ~Cow~, _v._


_To_ COWK, _v. n._ To reach ineffectually; in consequence of nausea, S.
B.

    Germ. _koch-en_, id.; Isl. _kuok-a_, gula niti.


COWKIN, _s._ A beggar, a needy wretch.

    Fr. _coquin_, id.

  _Dunbar._


COWLICK, _s._ A tuft of hair on the head, which cannot be made to lie in
the same direction with the rest of the hair, S.

    From its resemblance to hair _licked_ by a _cow_.


COWMACK, _s._ An herb supposed to have great virtue in making the cow
desire the male, S. B.


COWMAN, _s._ A name for the devil, S.

V. ~Cow~, _s._


COWNTIR, _s._ Rencountre.

  _Wallace._


COWNTYR PALYSS, Contrary to.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _contrepalé_, a term in heraldry, signifying that one _pale_ is
opposed to another.


COWOID, _pret._ Convoyed. _Leg. conwoid_.

  _Barbour._


COWPES, COWPIS, _s. pl._ Baskets for catching fish, S.

  _Acts Ja. III._

    A. Bor. _coop_, id. Teut. _kuype_, septa.


COWPON, _s._ A fragment, a shred, S.

  _R. Bruce._

    Fr. _coupon_, L. B. _copo_, a piece cut off from a thing.


COWPER JUSTICE, Trying a man after execution; the same with _Jeddart_,
or _Jedburgh justice_, S.

  _Cleland._


COW-QUAKE, _s._ An affection of cattle, caused by the chillness of the
weather, S.

  _Kelly._


COWSCHOT, _s._ A ringdove.

V. ~Kowshot~.


COXY, _adj._ Coxcomical, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ CRAB, CRABE, _v. n._ To fret.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Belg. _kribbig_, Su. G. _krepsk_, morosus.


_To_ CRAB, _v. a._ To provoke.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _krabb-en_, lacerare unguibus.


_To_ CRACK, CRAK, _v. n._

1. To talk boastingly.

  _Evergreen._

2. To talk freely and familiarly, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. To talk together in a confused manner; often as also implying
extension of voice, S.

    Germ. _kraken_, to make a noise.

~Crack~, ~Crak~, _s._

1. Boasting, S.

  _Dunbar._

2. Chat, free conversation, S.

  _Ross._

3. Any detached piece of entertaining conversation, S.

  _Ross._

4. A rumour; generally used in pl.

  _Ramsay._

~Cracker~, ~Crakkar~, _s._ A boaster.

    Belg. _kraecker_, id.

  _Lyndsay._

~Cracky~, _adj._

1. Talkative; often denoting the effect of one's being elevated by means
of strong drink, S.

2. Affable, agreeable in conversation, S.


CRACK, _s. In a crack_, immediately, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ CRACK, _v. a._

1. _To crack credit_, to lose character and confidence in any respect,
S.

  _Z. Boyd._

2. _To crack tryst_, to break an engagement.


CRACKERHEADS, _s. pl._ The roots of big tangles, or _alga marina_, eaten
by young people, Ang.


CRACKLINGS, _s. pl._

1. The refuse of tallow, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. Tallow, when first bruised by the candlemaker, in its impure state,
S.

    Su. G. _krak_, quisquiliae.


CRAFT, _s._ Croft, a piece of ground, adjoining to a house.

    A. S. _croft_, id.


CRAG, CRAGE, CRAIG, _s._

1. The neck, S.

  _Complaynt S._

2. The throat, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Teut. _kraeghe_, jugulus.

~Craiged~, _adj._ Having a neck or throat, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Craigagee~, _adj._ Wrynecked, S.

V. ~Agee~.

~Cragbane~, _s._ The collar-bone.

  _Wallace._

~Crage Claith~, _s._ A neckcloth, a cravat, S.

    Sw. _krageclud_, id.


CRAIG, _s._ A rock, S.

  _Ramsay._

    C. B. _kraig_, Gael. _creog_, rupes.

~Craig-Flook~, s. A species of flounder.

  _Sibbald._

~Craig-Herring~, _s._ The Shad.

  _Sibbald._

~Craiglugge~, _s._ The point of a rock, S.

  _Brand._

~Craigy~, _adj._ Rocky.

  _Ramsay._


CRAYAR, CREAR, _s._ A kind of lighter.

  _Acts Marie._

    L. B. _craiera_, id. Sw. _krejare_, a small vessel with one mast.


_To_ CRAIK, _v. n._

1. Used to denote the cry of a hen after laying; or when dissatisfied,
S.

  _Polwart._

2. To call for any thing, with importunity and impatience, S.

    Teut. _kraeck-en_, crepare, strepere.

~Crakyng~, _s._ The clamour of a fowl, S.

  _Wyntown._


CRAIK, _s._ A kind of little ship.

  _Douglas._


CRAIL-CAPON, _s._ A haddock dried, but not split, Loth., denominated
from Caraill, a town in Fife.


CRAIT, CREET, _s._ A sort of basket in which window-glass is packed, S.

    Germ. _kraet_, corbis.


_To_ CRAK.

V. ~Crak~.


CRAKER, _s._ The Raill, Rallus crex, Linn.

  _Martin._


CRAKYS, _s. pl._ Great guns.

  _Barbour._

    From the noise they make when fired; or, Teut. _kraecke_, arcubalista.


CRAKLENE POKIS, Bags for holding artificial fireworks.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _craquer_, to crackle.


CRAME, CRAMERY.

V. ~Cream~, ~Creamery~.


CRAMESYE, CRAMMESY, _s._ Cloth of crimson, a grain-colour.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _cramoisi_, id.


_To_ CRAMP, _v. n._ To contract.

  _Henrysone._

    Teut. _kromp-en_, Sw. _krymp-a_, con-trahi.


CRAMPET, CRAMP-BIT, _s._

1. A cramping-iron, S.

2. An iron with small pikes for keeping the foot firm on ice, S.

  _Graeme._

3. The guard of the handle of a sword.

  _Watson's Coll._


CRAMPLAND, _part. pr._ Curling.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Sw. _krympling_, contractus.


CRAN, _s._ An iron instrument, laid across the fire for supporting a pot
or kettle.

    Denominated from its resemblance to a _crane_.


CRANCE, _s._ A chaplet.

  _Watson's Coll._

    Teut. _krants_, corona.


CRANE (of herrings), _s._ As many fresh herrings as fill a barrel, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


CRANGLING, _part. pr._ Winding.

  _Hudson._

    Teut. _kronckel-en_, intorquere, sinuare.


CRANK, _adj._ Infirm, weak.

    Teut. _krank_, id. Gl. Sibb.


CRANK, _s._ The noise of an ungreased wheel, S.

2. Used metaph. to denote inharmonious poetry.

  _Burns._

~Crankous~, _adj._ Fretful, captious, S.

  _Burns._

    Gael. _crioncan_, strife.


CRANNACH, _s._ Pottage, Ang. Aberd.


CRANREUCH, _s._ Hoar frost, S. O.

    Gael. _cranntarach_, id.

  _Burns._


CRANSHACH, CRANSHAK, _s._ A distorted person, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Gael. _crannda_, decrepid.


CRANTZE, _s._ The Common Coralline, Millepora polymorpha, Linn., Shetl.


CRAP, _s._

1. The highest part or top of any thing, S.; _crop_, E.

_Baith crap and root_, literally, top and bottom; metaph., beginning and
end, S.

2. The cone of a fir-tree, S. B.

    A. S. _croppa_, Su. G. _kroppa_, id.


CRAP, _s._ The produce of the ground, S.

  _Ramsay._


CRAP, _s._ The craw of a fowl, _crop_, E.; used ludicrously for the
stomach of man; _crapine_, id. S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _krop_, ingluvies; stomachus.

_To_ ~Crap~, _v. a._ To fill, to stuff, S.

_Crappit heads_, the heads of haddocks stuffed with a pudding made of
the roe, oatmeal and spiceries, S.

    Teut. _kropp-en_, saginare, turundis farcire.


_To_ CRAP, _v. a._ To crop, to lop, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Teut. _krapp-en_, abscindere.


CRAPS, _s. pl._ A species of weed, S. named perhaps from keeping near
the _crap_ or surface of the ground.


CRAUCH. _To cry crauch_, to acknowledge one's self vanquished.

  _Dunbar._

    Arm. _cracq_, a bastard.


CRAUCHMET, (gutt.) s. An exaction made by men in a state of war.

  _MS. Chron._


_To_ CRAW, _v. n._

1. To crow; _crawin_, part. pa.

  _Douglas._

2. To boast, to vapour, S.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _craw-an_, id.


CRAW, _s._ A crow, S.

~Craw~, _s._ The act of crowing, S.

  _Burns._

    A. S. _crawe_, Alem. _craue_, id.

~Craw-Croops~, _s. pl._ Crow-berries, S. B.

~Craw-Dulse~, _s._ Fringed fucus; S. Fucus ciliatus, Linn.

~Craw-Taes~, _s. pl._ Crowfoot, S. Ranunculus, repens and acris.


CRAWDOUN, _s._ A coward.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _creant_ and _donn-er_, to do homage.


_To_ CREAM, _v. a._ To hawk goods, S. B.

~Cream~, ~Craim~, ~Crame~, _s._

1. A merchant's booth, S.

  _Acts Sed._

    Teut. _kraem_, taberna rerum venalium.

2. A pack of goods for sale.

  _Skene._

    Teut. _kraem_, Dan. _kram_, merchandise.

~Creamer~, _s._ A pedlar, S. B.

  _Skene._

    Su. G. _kraemare_, Teut. _kraemer_, id.

~Creamerie~, ~Cramery~, _s._ Merchandise, goods sold by a pedlar, Aberd.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _kraemerije_, merx.

~Cream-Ware~, ~Creme-Ware~, _s._ Articles sold by those who keep booths.

  _Brand._


CREEK _of day_, The first appearance of the dawn, S.; _skreek_, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _kriecke_, aurora rutilans.


CREEPERS.

V. ~Creparis~.


_To_ CREEP IN, _v. n._ To shrink. _Cruppen in_, shrivelled, S.

    Isl. _kropna_, contrahi.


CREEPY, CREEPIE, _s._

1. A low stool, occasionally used in a pulpit for elevating the speaker,
S.

2. The stool of repentance, on which culprits formerly sat when making
public satisfaction in the church, S.

  _Ramsay._


CREESE, CREEZE, _s._ Crisis.

  _Ross._


CREIL, CREEL, _s._

1. An ozier basket, S.; _scull_, synon.

  _Bannatyne P._

2. Panniers are also called _creils_.

  _Dunbar._

_In a creel_, in a state of mental stupefaction or confusion, S.

    Ir. _crilin_, id. Gael. _criol_, a chest.

_To_ ~Creil~, _v. a._ To put into a basket, S.

~Creeling~, _s._ A foolish and indelicate custom, on the day after
marriage, still retained among the vulgar in some places, S.


_To_ CREIS, _v. n._ To curl.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _kroes-en_, Germ. _kraus-en_, crispare.


_To_ CREISCH, _v. a._

1. To grease, S.

  _Kelly._

2. Metaph. applied to the use of money, S.

  _Ferguson._

3. _To criesh one's lufe_, to give money as a veil, or as a bribe, S.

  _Journal Lond._

~Creische~, ~Creesh~, _s._ Grease, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _graisse_, id.

2. A stroke, a blow, S.

  _Ferguson._

~Creischie~, ~Creishy~, _adj._ Greasy, S.

  _Lyndsay._


CREYST, _s._ One who is both diminutive and loquacious, Border.

    Teut. _kroes-en_, to contract.


CREPARIS, _s. pl._ Grapnels of iron, S. _creepers_.

  _Bellenden._


CREVISH, _s._ A crayfish.

  _Baillie._


CREWIS, _pres. v._ Perhaps, craves.

    A. S. _craf-ian_, id.

  _Houlate._


_To_ CRY, _v. a._ To proclaim the bans of marriage, S.

_To_ ~Cry~, _v. n._ To be in labour, S.

~Crying~, _s._ Childbirth, S.

  _Galloway._


CRYKES, _pl. s._ Angles.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _crecca_, a creek.


_To_ CRIMP, _v. a._ To plait nicely, S.

    Sw. _krymp-a_, to shrink.


_To_ CRINCH, _v. a._

1. To grind with the teeth.

2. _To crinch the teeth_, to gnash.

    Fr. _grinc-er les dents_, id.


CRINCH, _s._ A very small bit of any thing, S.


_To_ CRINE, CRYNE, _v. n._

1. To shrivel, S.

  _Evergreen._

2. To diminish money by clipping it.

    Ir. _krion-am_, to wither.

  _Douglas._


CRINKIE-WINKIE, _s._ A contention, S. B.

    Su. G. _kraenka_, to be vexed.


CRISP, CRISPE, _s._

1. Cobweb lawn.

    Fr. _crespe_, id.

  _Burel._


CRISTIE, CRISTY, _adj._ Perhaps curled. Dan. _kruset_, id.

  _Acts Ja. II._


CRO, CROY, _s._ The satisfaction made for the slaughter of any man,
according to his rank.

  _Reg. Maj._

    Gael. _cro_, cows, the reparation being made in cattle; or Ir.
_crò_, death.


_To_ CROAGH, (gutt.) _v. a._ To strangle, Fife.


CROCE, CROYS, _s._ One of the sails in a ship.

  _Douglas._

    Sw. _kryss-top_, the mizzen-top.


CROCHE, CROCHERT.

V. ~Hagbut~.


CROCHIT, _part. pa._ "Covered."

  _Gawan and Gol._


CROCKONITION, _s._ Any thing bruised to pieces.

  _Buchan._


CROFT-LAND, _s._ Land of superior quality, which was still cropped, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


CROIL, CROYL, _s._ A distorted person, a dwarf.

    Teut. kriel, _pumilus_.

  _Polwart._


_To_ CROYN, CRONE, CRUNE, _v. n._

1. To cry as a bull does, in a low and hollow tone, S.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Belg. _kreun-en_, to whimper; Isl. _hryn-a_, grunnire.

2. To whine, to persist in moaning, S.

3. To hum, or sing in a low tone, S.

  _Burns._


CROYN, CRUNE, CROON, _s._

1. A hollow continued moan, S.

  _Douglas._

2. An incantation.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ CROISE, _v. n._ To gossip, to talk a great deal about little, S. B.

    Su. G. _krusa_, ficta in verbis civilitate uti.

~Crozie~, _adj._ Fawning, wheedling, Buchan.


CROISHTARICH, _s._ The fire-cross, or signal of war; a stake of wood,
the one end dipped in blood, and the other burnt, (as an emblem of fire
and sword,) which was conveyed with the greatest expedition, till it
went through the whole tribe or country.

    Gael. _croistara_, perhaps from _crois_, a cross, and _tara_, a
multitude.


CROK, _s._ A dwarf, Ang.

    Su. G. _kraek_, animal quodvis exiguum, Isl. _kracke_, _kroge_,
tener puellus vel pullus.


CROK, _s._ An old ewe that has given over bearing, S.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ CROK, _v. n._ To suffer decay from age, Gl. Sibb.


CRONACHIN, _part. pr._ Gossiping in a tattling way, S. B.

    Perhaps from _Coranich_, q. v.


CRONDE, _s._ Leg. _croude_, a fiddle.

  _Houlate._


_To_ CRONE, _v. n._ To use many words in a wheedling way, Buchan.


CRONY, _s._ A potatoe, Dumfr.


_To_ CROOK, _v. n._ To halt in walking, S.

    Sw. _krok-ia_, id.

  _Ramsay._

~Crook~, _s._ A halt, S.

  _Rutherford._


CROOKSADDLE, _s._ A saddle for supporting panniers, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._


CROONER, CROWNER, _s._ The Trigla lyra, a fish, S.; denominated from the
_cruning_ noise it makes after being taken.

  _Barry._


_To_ CROP the _causey_, to appear openly and boldly; q. to keep the
_crown_ of the causey.

  _Spalding._


CROOT, _s._

1. A puny, feeble child, Loth.

2. The youngest and feeblest of a nest, or of a litter, South of S.
synon. _wrig_.

    Arm. _crot_, petit enfant.


CROTE, _s._ The smallest particle.

    Sw. _krut_, powder.

  _Wyntown._


CROUCHIE, _s._ One that is hunchbacked, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _krok_, incurvus.


_To_ CROUD, CROWDE, _v. n._

1. To coo as a dove.

  _Douglas._

2. To croak, S.

  _Ruddiman._

3. Metaph. to groan, to complain.

  _Z. Boyd._

    C. B. _gridhuan_, gemere; Belg. _kryt-en_, to cry.


CROUDE, _s._ A musical instrument formerly used in S.


CROVE, _s._ A cottage.

V. ~Crufe~.


_To_ CROUP, CRUPE, CROWP, _v. n._

1. To croak, to cry with a hoarse voice.

  _Complaynt S._

2. To speak hoarsely, as the effect of a cold, S.

    Moes. G. _hrop-jan_, Isl. _hrop-a_, clamare.

~Crowping~, _s._ A hoarse sound.

  _Douglas._

~Croup~, _s._ A disease affecting the throat of a child, S. _Cynanche
trachealis_, synon. _chock_, _stuffing_, _closing_.

  _Buchan._

    From the noise made in breathing.


CROUP, _s._ A berry, Gl. Sibb.

V. ~Craw-croops~.

    A. S. _crop_, uva.


CROUS, CROUSE, _adj._ Brisk; apparently, brave, S.

  _Peblis to the Play._

    Fr. _courroucé_, chafed; or Su. G. _krus_, curled.

~Crouseness~, _s._ Appearance of courage, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

~Crousely~, _adv._ With confidence, or some degree of petulance, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ CROUT, _v. n._

1. To make a croaking or murmuring noise, S.

  _Popular Ball._

2. To coo, S.

V. ~Croud~.

  _Complaynt S._


CROWDIE, _s._

1. Meal and water in a cold state, stirred together, so as to form a
thick gruel, S.

  _Ritson._

2. Food of the porridge kind in general.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _grot_, Isl. _graut-ur_, pulse made of meal and water.

_Crowdie-time_, s. Time of taking breakfast, S.


_To_ CROWL, _v. n._ To crawl, S.

  _Burns._

    Belg. _kriol-en_, id.


CROWNELL, _s._ A coronet.

  _Douglas._

    L. B. _coronula_, parva corona.


CROWNER, CROWNARE, CROUNAL, _s._

1. An officer, to whom it belonged to attach all persons, against whom
there was an accusation in matters pertaining to the _crown_. E.
_coroner_.

  _Wyntown._

2. The commander of the troops raised in one county.

  _Baillie._

~Crownarship~, _s._ The office of a crowner.

  _Robertson._


CROWNER, _s._ The name of a fish.

V. ~Crooner~.


CROW-PURSE, _s._ The ovarium of a skate, Orkn.


CRUBAN, _s._ A disease of cows, S. B.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._


CRUBAN, _s._ A wooden pannier fixed on a horse's back, Caithn.

  _Statist. Acc._


CRUDS, _s. pl._ Curds, S.

  _Shirrefs._

~Cruddy Butter~, A kind of cheese, of which the curds, being poor, are
mixed with butter, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


CRUE-HERRING, _s._ The Shad, Tupea Alosa, Linn.

  _Pennant._


CRUELL, _adj._

1. Keen in battle.

  _Wallace._

2. Resolute, undaunted.

  _Wallace._

3. Terrible.

  _Wallace._

4. Acute. "_Cruel_ pain," acute pain, S.


CRUELS, _s._ The king's evil, scrophula, S.

    Fr. _ecrouelles_, id.

  _Wodrow._


CRUER, _s._ A kind of ship; apparently the same with ~Crayar~, q. v.

  _Mellvill's MS._


CRUFE, CRUIFE, CROVE, _s._

1. A hovel, S. _cru_, S. B.

  _Henrysone._

2. A stye.

  _Skene._

    Isl. _hroo_, _hroof_, structura vilis.


CRUISKEN _of whisky_, a certain measure of this liquor, Ang.

    Dan. _kruus_, a cup.


CRUKE, _s._ A circle.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _krok-en_, curvare.


CRUKIS, CROOKS, _s. pl._ The windings of a river, S.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _krok-r_, angulus.


_To_ CRULGE, _v. a._ To contract, to draw together, S.

  _Shirrefs._

    Teut. _krull-en_, intorquere, sinuare.

~Crulge~, _s._ A confused coalition, or conjunction, S.

    Isl. _krull_, confusio.


CRUMMIE, CRUMMOCK, _s._ A name for a cow that has crooked horns, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _krumme_, Gael. _crom_, crooked.

~Crummock~, ~Crummie-stick~, _s._ A staff with a crooked head, S.

  _Burns._


CRUMMOCK, _s._ Skirret, a plant, S.

    Gael. _crumag_, id.

  _Brand._


_To_ CRUMP, _v. a._ To make a crashing noise in eating what is hard and
brittle, S.

  _Morison._

~Crump~, ~Crumpie~, _adj._ Crisp, brittle, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ CRUNE.

V. ~Croyn~.


_To_ CRUNKLE, _v. a._

1. To cress, to rumple, S.

2. To shrivel, to contract, S.

    Teut. _kronckel-en_, to wrinkle.

~Crunkle~, _s._ A cress, a wrinkle, S.


CRUNT, _s._ A blow on the head with a cudgel, S.

  _Burns._


CRUVE, CRUIVE, _s._ A box resembling a hen-crib, placed in a dam or dike
that runs across a river, for confining the fish that enter into it, S.

    Su. G. _krubba_, praesepe.

  _Acts Ja. I._


CRUTLACHIN, _part. pr._ Conversing in a silly tattling way, S. B.


CUCHIL, CUTHIL, _s._ A forest or grove.

  _Douglas._

    C. B. _coedawl_, belonging to a forest.


CUCK-STULE, CUKSTULE.

V. ~Cock-stule~.


CUD, _s._ A strong staff, S.

    Teut. _kodde_, a club.

_To_ ~Cud~, _v. a._ To cudgel, S.

~Cuddy-rung~, _s._ A cudgel.

  _Dunbar._


CUDBEAR, _s._ The Lichen omphalodes, dark purple dyer's lichen, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


CUDDIE, _s._ An ass, often _cuddie-ass_, S.


CUDDIE, CUTH, _s._ The cole-fish.

  _Statist. Acc._


CUDDING, _s._ The char, a fish, Ayrs.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ CUDDLE, CUDLE, _v. n._ To embrace, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _kudd-en_, coire, convenire.


CUDDLIE, _s._ A secret muttering among a number of people, S. B.

    Teut. _quedel-en_, garrire.


_To_ CUDDUM, CUDDEM, _v. a._

1. "To _cuddum_ a beast," to make it tame and tractable, S. B.

2. To bring into domestic habits; applied to persons, S.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _accoutum-er_, to accustom.

~Cuddum~, _adj._ Tame, usually applied to a beast, S. B.


CUDE, CUDIE, _s._ (pron. as Gr. υ.). A small tub, Ang.

V. ~Coodie~.


CUDE, CODE, _s._ A chrysom, or facecloth for a child at baptism.

  _Spotswood._

    From C. B. _cudd-io_, to cover.


CUDE, CUID, _adj._ Harebrained, appearing as one deranged, Border.;
synon. _skeer_.

    Isl. _kuid-a_, to fear.


CUDEIGH, _s._ A bribe; a premium for the use of money, Loth.; a gift
conferred clandestinely, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Gael. _cuidaigh-am_, to help.


CUFE, _s._ A simpleton, S.

V. ~Coof~.


CUFF _of the neck_, the fleshy part of the neck behind, S.

    Isl. _kuf-r_, convexitas.


_To_ CUINYIE, _v. a._ To strike money.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Fr. _coign-er_, id. L. B. _cun-ire_, id.

~Cuinyie~, _s._

1. Coin, S. B.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

2. The mint.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

~Cuinyie-House~, _s._ The mint.

  _Skene._

~Cuinyioure~, _s._ The master of the mint.


CUIRIE, _s._ Stable, mews.

V. ~Quirie~.

    Fr. _escurie_, id.

  _Pitscottie._


CUISSER, CUSSER, _s._ A stallion, S.

V. ~Cursour~.

  _Ferguson._


CUIST, _s._ A reproachful term.

  _Polwart._


CUITCHOURIS, _s. pl._ Gamblers; also smugglers.

  _Gl. Sibb._


CULDEES, _s. pl._ A body of teaching presbyters, who, from the sixth
century downwards, had their establishments in Ireland, the Hebrides,
Scotland, and Wales; were greatly celebrated for their piety; and,
acknowledging no bishop, were subject to an abbot chosen by themselves.

  _D. Buchanan._

    Gael. _cuildeach_, a sequestered person, from _cuil_, a retired
corner, a cave, a cell.


_To_ CULYE, CULYIE, _v. a._

1. To coax, to cajole, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To soothe.

  _Douglas._

3. To cherish, to fondle.

  _Douglas._

4. To gain, to draw forth.

  _Kelly._

5. To train to the chace.

  _Douglas._

6. _To culye in with_ one, to curry favour, S.

    Su. G. _kel-a_, to fondle; _kela med en_, to make much of one.

~Culyeon~, _s._ A poltroon, E. _cullion_.

  _Hamilton._

~Cullionry~, _s._ The conduct of a poltroon.

  _Baillie._


CULLAGE, _s._ The characteristic marks of sex.

    Fr. _couille_, testes, &c. whence _couillage_, _culaige_, tributum
a subditis matrimonio jungendis, domino exsolvendum.


CULLOCK, _s._ A species of shell-fish, Shetl.

  _Neill._


CULMES, CULMEZ, _s._ A rural club.

  _Douglas._


CULPIT, _part. pa._ Leg. _cuplit_, coupled.

  _Lyndsay._


CULREACH, _s._ A surety given to a court, when one is repledged from it.

V. ~Repledge~.

  _Quon. Attach._

    Gael. _cul_, custody, and _reachd_, a law.


CULROUN, _s._ A rascal, a silly fellow.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _kul_, testiculus, and _ruyn-en_, castrare.


_To_ CUM _to_, _v. n._

1. To recover, S.

  _Knox._

2. To make advancement in art, S.

3. To rise to honour, S.

  _Presb. Eloq._

~Cumd~, _part. pa._ Come, Loth.

  _Burel._


CUMERLACH, CUMBERLACH, _s._ A servant attached to a religious
foundation.

~Cumerb~, id.

  _Chart. MS._

    Gael. _comhairleach_, an adviser; _com-harba_, a partner in church
lands, a vicar, pron. _coarb_.


CUMLIN, _s._ Any animal that attaches itself to a person or place of its
own accord, S.

    E. _comeling_, one newly come.


CUMMAR, _s._ Vexation, entanglement, E. _cumber_.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Belg. _kommer_, id.


CUMMER, KIMMER, _s._

1. A gossip, S.

  _Kelly._

    Fr. _commere_, a she-gossip.

2. A young girl, Ang.

~Cummerlyke~, adj. Like _cummers_ or gossips, Dunbar.


CUMMOCK, _s._ A short staff with a crooked head, S. O.

  _Burns._

    Gael. _cam_, crooked, with the mark of diminution added.


CUMRAYD, _pret. v._ Encumbered, embarrassed.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ CUN, _v. a._

1. To learn, to know, E. _con_.

  _Douglas._

2. To taste.

  _Montgomerie._

    A. S. _cunn-an_. scire.

~Cunnand~, _part. pr._ Knowing, skilful.

  _Wyntown._

~Cunning~, _s._ Knowledge.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    A. S. _cunnyng_, experientia.


CUNNAND, _s._ Covenant.

V. ~Connand~.

  _Barbour._


CUNDIE, _s._ An apartment, a concealed hole, Ang.

    O. Fr. _conduit_, a shop; boutique.


CUNING, _s._ A rabbit; S. _kinnen_, E. _conie_.

  _Dunbar._

    Belg. _konyn_, Sw. _kanin_, Gael. _coinnin_, id.; Lat. _cuniculus._

~Cuningar~, _s._ A warren, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Sw. _kaningaard_, from _kanin_, id. and _gaard_, an inclosure.

V. ~Yaire~.


CUNYSANCE, _s._ Badge, cognisance.

    Fr. _cognoissance_, id.

  _Gawan and Gol._


CUNTENYNG, _s._ Generalship.

V. ~Contenyng~.


CUPPIL, _s._ Rafter.

V. ~Couple~.


CUPPLIN, _s._ The lower part of the backbone, S. B.


CURAGE, _s._ Care, anxiety.

  _Douglas._


CURCUDDOCH,

1. _To dance curcuddoch_, or _curcuddie_, a play among children, in
which they sit on their houghs, and hop round in a circular form, S.

2. Sitting close together, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. Cordial.

  _Kelly._


_To_ CURE, _v. a._ To care for.

  _Lyndsay._

~Cure~, _s._ Care, anxiety; Fr.

  _Palice Hon._


CURER, _s._ A cover, a dish.

  _Houlate._


_To_ CURFUFFLE, _v. a._ To discompose, to dishevel, S.

V. ~Fuffle~.

  _Ross._


CURIE, _s._ Search, investigation.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _quer-ir_, to inquire.


CURIOUS, _adj._ Anxious, fond, S.

  _Baillie._


_To_ CURL, CURLE, _s._ To cause a stone to move alongst ice towards a
mark, S.

  _Pennecuik._

~Curler~, _s._ One who amuses himself by _curling_, S.

  _Baillie._

~Curling~, _s._ The act of pushing stones on ice, S.

  _Pennant._

~Curling-Stane~, _s._ A stone used in curling, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _krull-en_, sinuare, flectere.


CURLDODDY, _s._

1. Ribgrass.

  _Evergreen. Border Minstrelsy._

2. Natural clover, S. Orkn.

  _Neill._

~Curldoddies~, _s. pl._ Curled cabbage, S.


CURLIES, _s. pl._ Colewort, of which the leaves are _curled_. S. B.


CURLOROUS, _adj._ Churlish, niggardly.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    A. S. _ceorl_, rusticus.


CURMURRING, _s._ Grumbling; that motion of the intestines produced by
slight gripes, S.

  _Burns._

    Teut. _koer-en_, gemere; _morr-en_, mur-murare.


CURN, KURN, _s._

1. A grain, a single seed, S.

2. A particle, part of a grain, S.

  _Chalm. Air._

3. A quantity, an indefinite number, S.

4. A number of persons, S.

  _Journ. Lond._

    Moes. G. _kaurno_, Su. G. _korn_, a grain.

~Curny~, _adj._ Grainy, S. Germ. _kernicht_.


CURPHOUR, _s._ The curfew.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


CURPLE, _s._ A crupper, S.

    Fr. _croupe_.


CURPON, CURPIN, _s._

1. The rump of a fowl, S.

2. Applied ludicrously to the buttocks of man, S.

  _Burns._

    Fr. _cropion_, the rump.


_To_ CURR, _v. n._ To coo, S.

V. ~Curmurring~.


_To_ CURR, _v. n._ To lean.

    Isl. _kure_, avium more reclinatus quiesco.


CURRACH, CURROK, _s._ A skiff or small boat.

    Gael. _curach_.

  _Bellenden._


CURRACK, CURROCH, _s._ A small cart made of twigs, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Gael. _cuingreach_, a cart or waggon.


CURSOUR, S. COUSER, CUSSER, _s._ A stallion.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _coursiere_, a tilting horse.


CUSCHÉ, CUSSÉ, _s._ Armour for the thighs.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _cussot_, id. from _cuisse_, the thigh.


CUSCHETTE, _s._ A ringdove.

V. ~Kowschot~.


CUSHLE-MUSHLE, _s._ Earnest and continued muttering, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _kusk-a_, to soothe; _musk-a_, to hide.


CUSYNG, _s._ Accusation.

  _Wallace._


CUSSER, _s._

V. ~Cursour~.


CUSTOC, _s._

V. ~Castock~.


CUSTOMAR, CUSTOMER, _s._ One who receives duty on goods, S.

  _Acts Ja. IV._


CUSTROUN, _s._ A low-born fellow.

  _Polwart._

    O. Fr. _coestron_, bâtard, enfant illegitime; Gl. Roquefort.


CUT, _s._ A lot. _To draw cuts_, to determine by lot.

  _Douglas._


CUT, _s._ A certain quantity of yarn, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


CUTE, COOT, _s._ The ankle, S.

    Teut. _kuyte_, sura.

  _Lyndsay. Dunbar._


CUTE, _s._ A thing of no value.

  _Dunbar._


CUTE, _adj._ Clever, expert, S. B.

    A. S. _cuth_, expertus.


_To_ CUTER, _v. a._ To cocker, S.

V. ~Kuter~.


CUTH, COOTH, _s._ The coalfish, before it be fully grown, Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._


CUTHERIE, CUDDERIE, _adj._ Very susceptible of cold, S. B.

    Belg. _koud_, cold, and _ryk_, denoting full possession of any
quality.


CUTIKINS, _s. pl._ Spatterdashes, S.

    From _cute_, the ancle.


_To_ CUTLE, _v. n._ To wheedle; _To cutle in with_ one, id. S.

  _Pitscottie._

    Teut. _quedel-en_, garrire.


_To_ CUTLE, _v. a. To cutle corn_, to carry corn out of water-mark to
higher ground, W. Loth. _cuthil_. Perths.

    Sax. _kaut-en_, Su. G. _kiut-a_, mutare.


CUT-POCK, _s._ The stomach of a fish, S. B.

  _Ross._


CUTTIE, _s._ The Black Gulliemet, S. O.

  _Fleming._


CUTTY, CUTTIE, _adj._ Short, S.

    Gael. _cutach_, short, bobtailed.

Hence,

~Cuttie~, ~Cutie~, _s._

1. A popgun.

  _Bp. Galloway._

2. A spoon, S. Gael. _cutag_, id.

  _Ross._

3. A short tobacco pipe, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Cuttie-Boyn~, _s._ A small tub for washing the feet in; Lanerks. Ayrs.

~Cutty-Free~, _adj._ Able to take one's food, S. B.

~Cutty-Rung~, _s._ A crupper, formed by a short piece of wood fixed to
the saddle at each end by a cord, Mearns.


CUTTY-STOOL, _s._

1. A low stool, S.

2. The stool of repentance, S.

V. ~Kittie~.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

    From _cutty_, _kittie_, a light woman.


CUTTIT, CUTTED, _adj._

1. Abrupt, S.

  _R. Bruce._

2. Laconic and tart, S.

~Cuttetlie~, ~Cuttedly~, _adv._

1. With quick but unequal motion.

  _Burel._

2. Suddenly, abruptly, S.

3. Laconically and tartly, S.

  _Baillie._


CUTWIDDIE, _s._ The piece of wood by which a harrow is fastened to the
yoke, Fife.


CUTWORM, _s._ A small white grub, which destroys vegetables, by
_cutting_ through the stem, S.


CUWYN, _s._ Stratagem.

V. ~Conuyne~.


CUZ, _adv._ Closely, Ang.; synon. ~Cosie~, q.v.



D


DA, _s._ Day.

V. ~Daw~.

  _Douglas._


DA', DAE, DAY, _s._ Doe.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    A. S. _da_, Dan. _daa_, id.


DA, _s._ A sluggard.

V. ~Daw~.


_To_ DAB, DAUB, _v. a._

1. To peck, as birds do, S.

  _J. Nicol._

2. To prick.

  _Popular Ball._

~Dab~, _s._

1. A stroke from the beak of a bird, S.

2. A smart push.

  _Creichton._


DABLET, _s._ An imp, a little devil.

    Fr. _diableteau_, id.

  _Watson's Coll._


_To_ DACKER, DAIKER, _v. a._

1. To search; to search for stolen goods, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. To engage, to grapple, S. B.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

3. To toil as in job work.

  _Gl. Sibb._

4. To deal in a peddling way, S.

5. To be slightly employed, S.

    Gael. _deachair-am_, to follow; Flem. _daecker-en_, to fly about.


DACKLE, _s._ Suspence, hesitation; applied both to sensible objects, and
to the mind, S. B.

~Dacklin~, _part. pr._

1. In a state of doubt, S. B.

2. Slow, dilatory, S. B.

~Dacklin~, _s._ A slight shower; "a _dacklin_ of rain," S. B.


_To_ DAD, DAUD, _v. a._

1. To thrash, S. B.

2. To dash, to drive forcibly, S.

  _Knox._

3. To throw dirt so as to bespatter, S.

  _J. Nicol._

_To_ ~Dad Down~, _v. n._ To fall or clap down forcibly and with noise,
S.

  _Ramsay._

~Dad~, _s._ A sudden and violent stroke, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ DADDLE, DAIDLE, _v. a._

1. To draggle, S.

2. To do any work in a slovenly way, Ang.


_To_ DADDLE, DAIDLE, _v. n._

1. To be slow in motion or action, S.

2. To waddle, to wriggle, S.

3. _To daddle and drink_, to tipple, S.

V. ~Dawdie~.


DADDLE, DADDLIE, _s._ A larger sort of bib, S.


_To_ DAFF, _v. n._ To be foolish.

  _Polwart._

    Sax. _dav-en_ insanire; Su. G. _dofw-a_, sensu privare, _dofn-a_,
stupere.

~Daffery~, _s._

1. Romping, frolicksomeness, S.

2. Thoughtlessness, folly, S. B.

  _Ross._

~Daffin, Daffing~, _s._

1. Folly in general, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Pastime, gaiety, S.

  _Lyndsay._

3. Excessive diversion.

  _Kelly._

4. Matrimonial intercourse.

  _S. P. Repr._

5. Derangement, frenzy.

  _Mellvill's MS._

~Daft~, _adj._

1. Delirious, stupid; S.

  _Bellenden._

2. Foolish, unwise, S.

  _Lyndsay._

3. Giddy, thoughtless, S.

  _Diallog._

4. Playful, innocently gay, S.

  _Ramsay._

5. Gay, to excess, S.

  _Ross._

6. Wanton, S.

  _Shirrefs._

7. Extremely eager for the attainment of any object, or foolishly fond
in the possession of it, S.

    Isl. _dauf-r_, _dauft_, fatuus, subtristis; Su. G. _doef_, stupidus.

~Daft Days~, The Christmas holidays, S.

  _Ferguson._

~Daftly~, _adv._ Foolishly, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Daftlike~, _adj._ Having the appearance of folly, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Daftness~, _s._ Foolishness.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


DAFFICK, _s._ A coarse tub or trough, Orkn.


_To_ DAG, _v. a._ To shoot, to let fly.

  _Knox._


_To_ DAG, _v. n._ To rain gently, S.

    Isl. _dogg-ua_, rigo, Sw. _dugg-a_, to drizzle.

~Dag~, _s._

1. A thin, or gentle rain, S.

    Isl. _daugg_, pluvia, Sw. _dagg_, a thick or drizzling rain.

2. A thick fog, a mist, S.

    Su. G. _dagg_, dew.


DAY-NETTLES, Dead nettles, an herb, S.


DAIGH, _s._ Dough, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _dah_, id.

~Daighie~, _s._

1. Doughy, S.

2. Soft, inactive, destitute of spirit, S.


DAIKER, _s._ A decad.

  _Skene._

    Su.G. _deker_, id.


DAIKIT, _part. pa._ "It has ne'er been _daikit_," it has never been
used, Ang.


DAIL, _s._

1. A part, a portion; E. _deal_.

2. A number of persons.

  _Chr. K._

_To have dale_, to have to do.

  _Douglas._


DAIL, _s._ A ewe, which not becoming pregnant, is fattened for
consumption.

  _Complaynt S._


DAIMEN, _adj._ Rare, occasional, S. _auntrin_, synon.

~Daimen-Icker~, _s._ An ear of corn met with occasionally, S.

  _Burns._

    From A. S. _aecer_, an ear of corn, and perhaps _diement_, counted,
from A. S. _dem-an_, to reckon.


DAINTA, DAINTIS, _interj._ It avails not, Aberd.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _dien-en_, to avail, and _intet_, nothing.


DAYNTÉ, _s._ Regard.

  _Wyntown._

~Dainty~, _s._

1. Pleasant, good-humoured, S.

2. Worthy, excellent, S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _daindi_, excellenter bonum quid; _dandis madr_, homo
virtuosus; rendered in Dan., _en brav mand_, S. a _braw man_; perfectly
synon. with "a _dainty_ man."

~Daintith~, _s._ A dainty, S.

  _Kelly._


DAISE, _s._ The part of a stone bruised in consequence of the strokes of
the pickaxe or chizzel, Ang.


DAYIS. _To hald dayis_, to hold a truce.

  _Wyntown._


DAYS _of_ LAW, LAWDAYIS, The time, when those are summoned to attend,
who have interest in a court of justice.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _lagdag_, dies lege praefinitus.


DAIT, _s._ Destiny.

  _Wallace._


DAYWERK, DAWERK, DARK, _s._ A day's work, S. _darg_.

V. ~Darg~.

    A. S. _daegweorc_, id.

  _Wyntown._


DALK, _s._ Varieties of _slate clay_, sometimes _common clay_, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


DALLY, _s._ The stick used in binding sheaves, Border.


DALLY, _s._

1. A girl's puppet, S. B. E. _doll_.

2. A painted figure.

  _Morison._


DALLIS, 3 _p. s. v._ Dawns.

  _Godly Ball._


DALMATYK, _s._ A white dress worn by Kings and Bishops.

  _Wyntown._

    Thus denominated, as being brought from _Dalmatia_.


_To_ DAM, _v. n._ To urine.

  _Maitland P._


DAMBROD.

V. ~Dams~.


DAMMAGEUS, _adj._ Injurious.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ DAMMISH, _v. a._ To stun, to stupify, S.

  _Rollock._

    Germ. _damisch machen_, to stun one's head.


DAMMYS, DAMMEIS, _s._ Damage.

    Fr. _dommage_.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ DAMPNE, _v. a._ To condemn.


DAMS, _s. pl._ The game of draughts, S.

    Sw. _dam_, _dampsel_, id.; _dambraede_, S. a _dambrod_.


DAN, _s._ A term equivalent to _Lord_,  _Sir_.

    O. Fr.

  _Douglas._


_To_ DANCE _his_ or _her lane_; a phrase expressive, either of great
joy, or of violent rage, S.

  _James V._


_To_ DANDER, _v. n._

1. To roam, S.

2. To go about idly, to saunter, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. To roam, without a fixed habitation, S.

  _Ferguson._

4. To trifle, to mispend one's time, S.

5. To bewilder one's self, from want of attention, or stupidity, S.

  _Burel._


DANDERS, _s. pl._ The refuse of a smith's fire, S.


DANDIE, DANDY, _s._ A principal person or thing; what is nice, fine, or
possessing supereminence in whatever way, S.

V. ~Dainty~.

  _R. Galloway._


DANDIEFECHAN, _s._ A hollow stroke on any part of the body, Fife.


_To_ DANDILL, _v. n._ To go about idly.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _dandin-er_, "to go gaping ilfavouredly," Cotgr.


DANDILLY, DANDILY, _adj._ Celebrated, S.B.

  _Ross._

~Dandilly~, _s._ A female who is spoiled by admiration, S.

  _Cleland._

    Perhaps from the same origin with ~Dandill~.


DANDRING, _part. pr._ Emitting an unequal sound.

  _Evergreen._

    Teut. _donder-en_, tonare.


DANE, DAINE, _adj._ Gentle, modest.

    O. Fr. _dain_, dainty, fine.

  _Lyndsay._


DANG, _pret._ of ~Ding~, q. v.


DANGER, DAWNGER, _s._

1. The great exertion made by a pursuer, exposing another to imminent
danger.

  _Wallace._

2. _In his dawnger_, in his power.

  _Wyntown._

3. _But dawngere_, without hesitation.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _danger_, power, dominion.


DANGER, _adj._ Perilous.

  _Wallace._


DANT, _s._

V. ~Dent~.

  _Priests Peblis._


_To_ DANT, _v. a._ To subdue.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

~Danter~, _s._ A tamer, a subduer.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Danton~, _v. a._ To subdue, S.

    Fr. _domter_, _donter_, id.

  _Pitscottie._


_To_ DARE, (pron. _daar_) _v. n._ To be afraid, to stand in awe, Ang.

    Sw. _darr-a_, to quake, to tremble.


_To_ DARE, Perhaps, to hurt.

V. ~Dere~.

   _Sir Gawan._


DARE, _adj._ Stupid, dull.

  _Houlate._

    Su. G. _daere_, stultus.


DARG, DARK, _s._

1. A day's work, S.; anciently _daywerk_, q. v.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. A certain quantity of work, whether more or less than that of a day.

  _Kelly._

~Darging~, ~Darguing~, _s._ The work of a day-labourer, S.

  _R. Galloway._

~Darger~, _s._ A day-labourer, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


DARGEIS, _pl._ Dirges.

  _Bannatyne P._

~Dergie~, S.

V. ~Dregie~.


DARKLINS, _adv._ In the dark, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ DARN, DERN, _v. a._ To conceal, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

_To_ ~Dern~, _v. n._ To hide one's self.

    A. S. _dearn-an_, occultare.

  _Hudson._

~Darn~, _adj._ Secret, S.

  _Wallace._

_In dern_, _adv._ In secret.

  _Bannatyne P._


DARRAR, _adj._ Dearer.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


_To_ DARREN, _v. a._ To provoke.

    A. S. _dearr-an_, audere.

  _Douglas._


_To_ DASCAN, _v. n._ To contemplate, to scan.

  _Burel._

    Lat. _de_ and _scando_, whence E. _scan_.


_To_ DASE, DAISE, _v. a._

1. To stupify, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. To benumb.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _das-a_, languere, _dase_, stupidus.


DASE. _On dase_, alive, q. _on days_.

  _Gawan and Gol._


_To_ DASH, _v. a._

1. To flourish in writing, S.

2. To make a great shew, S.

~Dash~, _s._

1. A flourish in writing, S.

2. A splendid appearance, S.

  _Ferguson._


DAS KANE, _s._ Singing in parts.

    Lat. _discant-us_.

  _Montgomerie._


DASS, _s._

1. _Dass_ of a hay stack, that part of it that is cut off with a
hay-knife, Loth.

2. _A dass of corn_, that which is left in the barn after part is
removed, Fife.

    C. B. _das_, a heap of grain, Teut. _tas_, id.


DASS, _s._ A stratum of stones, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ DATCH, _v. a._ To jog, to skake, S. B. perhaps originally the same
with E. _dodge_.


DATIVE, _s._ A power legally granted to one to act as executor of a
latter will, when it is not confirmed by the proper heirs, S.

  _Acts Sedt._


DAUD, _s._ A large piece.

V. ~Dawd~.


DAUE, _adj._ Listless, inactive.

V. ~Daw~.

  _Dunbar._


DAVEL, DEVEL, _s._ A stunning blow, S.

  _Gl. Sibb_.


_To_ DAUER, DAIVER, _v. a._ To stun, to stupify, Loth.

_To_ ~Dauer~, ~Daiver~, _v. n._

1. To become stupid.

  _Burel_.

2. To be benumbed, S. B.

  _Journ. Lond._

    Su. G. _daur-a_, infatuare, Teut. _daver-en_, tremere.


_To_ DAW, _v. n._ To dawn.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _daeg-ian_, Sw. _dag-as_, lucescere.

~Daw~, _s._ Day; O. E. _dawe_.

~Dwne of Daw~, dead.

  _Wyntown._


DAW, DA, _s._

1. A sluggard, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Appropriated to a woman, as equivalent to E. _drab_, S. B.

  _Kelly._

    Isl. _daa_, defect, fainting; deliquium animi.


DAW, _s._ An atom, a particle, S. B.

    Anc. Goth, _daa_, vaporare.


DAWACHE, DAVOCH, _s._ As much land as can be properly laboured by eight
oxen.

  _Quon. Att._

    Gael, _damh_, pron. _dav_, an ox, and _ach_, field.


DAWCH, DAW, _adj._ Apparently the same with _Daue_, inactive.

  _Wallace._


DAWD, DAUD, _s._ A considerably large piece of any thing, S.

  _Kelly._

    Isl. _todde_, portio, tomus.

~Dawds and Blawds~. The _blades_ of colewort boiled whole, S.

  _Gl. Shirr._


DAWDIE, _s._ A dirty slovenly woman, S. B. O. E. _dowdy_.

    Isl. _dauda doppa_, foemella ignava.

~Dawdie~, _adj._ Slovenly, sluttish, S. B.

_To_ ~Dawdle~, _v. n._ To be indolent or slovenly, Perths.


DAW-FISH, _s._ The lesser Dog-fish, Orkn.

  _Barry._


DAWING, _s._ Dawn of day.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _dagung_, aurora.


DAWPIT, _adj._ In a state of mental imbecility, Ayrs.

V. ~Dowf~.


_To_ DAWT, DAUT, _v. a._

1. To fondle, to caress, S.

  _Ross._

2. To dote upon.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _dad-ur_, gestus amatorius.

~Dauting, Dauteing~, _s._ The act of fondling.

  _Dunbar._

~Dawtie~, ~Dawté~, _s._

1. Kindness, endearment.

  _Dunbar._

2. A darling, a favourite, S.

  _Sherrifs._

~Dawtit~, ~Dauted~, _part. pa._ Fondled.


DAY NOR DOOR. _I canna hear day nor door_, I can hear nothing for noise,
S. B.

  _Journal Lond._


_To_ DE, DEE, _v. n._ To die.

  _Douglas._

~Done to de~, Killed.

  _Douglas._


DEAD MEN'S BELLS, Foxglove, S.


DEAF, _adj._

1. Flat, applied to soil, S.

    Su. G. _daufjord_, terra sterilis.

2. Without vegetable life; often applied to grain, S.

    A. S. _deaf corn_, frumentum sterile.

3. Rotten; as, _a deaf nit_, S. Teut. _doove noot_, id.


DEAMBULATOUR, _s._ A gallery.

    Lat. _deambulator-ium_, id.

  _Douglas._


DEAN, DEN, _s._

1. A hollow where the ground slopes on both sides, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. A small valley, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    A. S. _den_, vallis.


_To_ DEAR, _v. n._ To savour.

  _Polwart._


DEARCH, DERCH, _s._ A dwarf.

V. ~Droich~.

  _Evergreen._


DEASOIL, DEISHEAL, _s._ Motion contrary to that of the sun, Gael.


_To_ DEAVE, _v. n._ To deafen.

V. ~Deve~.


_To_ DEAW, _v. n._ To rain gently, to drizzle, S. B.

    A. S. _deaw-ian_, Belg. _daw-en_, id.


DEBAID, _s._ Delay.

  _Barbour._


_To_ DEBAIT, _v. a._ To protect.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ DEBAIT, _v. a._ To lower.

  _Douglas._


_To_ DEBAIT, _v. a._ To be diligent in procuring any thing.

  _Bellenden_.

    Fr. _debat-re_, to strive.


DEBAITMENT, _s._ Contention.

    Fr. _debatement_, id.

  _Palice Honour._


_To_ DEBORD, _v. n._ To go beyond proper bounds.

  _More_.

    Fr. _debord-er_, to exceed rule.

~Debording~, _s._ Excess.


_To_ DEBOUT, _v. a._ To thrust from; Fr. _debout-er_.

  _Godscroft_.


DECAY, _s._ A decline, S.

  _Brand_.


_To_ DECORE, _v. a._ To adorn, Fr. _decor-er_.

  _R. Bruce_.


DECOURTED, _part. pa._ Dismissed from court.

  _Melvill._


DEDE, DEID, _s._

1. Death, S., O.E.

  _Dunbar._

2. The cause of death, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

3. The manner of dying.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _ded_, Su. G. _doed_, id.

~Dedechack~, _s._ The sound made by a woodwoom, S. _Chackie-mill_, S. B.

~Dede-Ill~, _s._ Mortal sickness.

  _Wyntown._

~Dedlyke~, _adj._ Deadly.

    A. S. _deadlic_.

  _Wyntown._

~Dede-Nip~, _s._ A blue mark in the body, ascribed to necromancy;
_witch's nip_, synon. S.

    Teut. _doode-nep_, id.

~Dede-Thraw~, _s._

1. The agonies of death.

    A. S. _thrawan_, agonizare.

  _Bellenden._

2. Meat is said to be _in the dead-thraw_, when neither cold nor hot, S.

3. _Left in the dead-thraw_, left unfinished, S.


_To_ DEDEINYE, DEDANE, _v. n._ To deign.

  _Douglas._


DEE, _s._ A dairy-maid.

V. ~Dey~.


DEEP, _s._ The deepest part of a river.

  _Law Case._


DEEPDRAUCHTIT, _adj._ Designing, crafty, S. from _deep_, and _draucht a_
plan.


DEER-HAIR, DEERS-HAIR, _s._ Heath clubrush, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


_To_ DEFAIK, _v. a._ To relax, to remit; Fr. _defalqu-er_.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ DEFAILL, _v. n._ To wax feeble.

    Fr. _defaill-er_.

  _Wallace._


_To_ DEFAISE, _v. a._ To deduct.

  _Acts Marie._

~Defaisance~, _s._

1. Excuse, subterfuge.

    Fr. _defaite_, a shift.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

2. Defalcation, deduction.

  _Acts Marie._


DEFAME, _s._ Infamy.

  _Douglas._


DEFAWTYT, _part. pa._ Forfeited.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _defaill-er_, to make a default.


_To_ DEFEND, _v. a._ To ward off.

    Fr. _defend-re_, id.

  _King's Quair._


_To_ DEFOUL, _v. a._

1. To defile.

  _Douglas._

2. To dishonour.

  _Gawan and Gol._

~Defowle~, _s._ Disgrace.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ DEFOUND, _v. a._ To pour down.

    Lat. _defund-o_.

  _Douglas._


DEGEST, _adj._ Grave.

  _Douglas._

    Lat. _digest-us_.

~Degestlie~, _adv._ Sedately.

  _Douglas._


DEGESTEABLE, _adj._ Concocted.

    Fr. _digest-er_, to concoct.

  _Wallace._


DEGYSIT, _part. pa._ Disguised.

  _King's Quair._

    Fr. _deguis-er_, to disguise.


DEGOUTIT, _part. pa._ Spotted.

  _King's Quair._


DEY, _s._ A dairy-maid, S. B. _Dee_, Loth.

    Sw. _deja_, a dairy-maid.

  _Ross._


_To_ DEY, _v. n._ To die.

  _Wyntown._


DEIL, DEILLE, _s._ Part, quantity.

_A deille_, any thing.

  _Wallace._

_Half dele_, the one half.

  _Douglas._


DEIL, DEEL, _s._ The devil, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Deil's Dozen~, the number thirteen, S.

    Apparently from the idea, that the thirteenth is the _devil's_ lot.

~Deil's Dung~, Assafoetida, named from its stench, S.

~Deil's Snuffbox~, the common puff-ball, S.

~Deil's Spoons~,

1. Great water plantain, S.

2. Broadleaved pondweed, S.


DEIR, _adj._ Bold, daring.

  _Gawan and Gol._


DEIR, _adj._ Wild.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Isl. _dyr_, a wild beast.


DEIR, DERE, _s._ A wild animal.


DEIR, _s._ Perhaps, precious.

  _Gawan and Gol._


DEIS, DESS, DEAS, _s._

1. The upper place in a hall, where the floor was raised, and a canopy
spread over head.

  _Douglas._

2. A long seat erected against a wall, S.

  _Wallace._

3. A table.

  _Popular Ball._

4. A pew in a church, S. B.

  _Popular Ball._

    O. Fr. _dais_, a throne or canopy.


_To_ DELASH, _v. a._ To discharge.

    O. Fr. _deslach-er_, id.

  _R. Bruce._


_To_ DELATE, _v. a._ To accuse, a law term, S.

  _Rollocke._

    L. B. _delat-are_, id.

~Delator~, _s._ An accuser, S.

  _Rollocke._


DELF, _s._

1. A pit.

  _Douglas._

2. A grave.

  _Wyntown._

    Belg. _delve_, a pit; _delv-en_, to dig.

3. Crockery, S. Hence _delf-house_, a pottery, S.


DELIERET, DELIRIE, _adj._ Delirious.

  _Burns._


_To_ DELYVER, _v. n._

1. To deliberate.

  _Wyntown._

2. To determine.

  _Bellenden._

    Lat. _deliber-are_.


DELIUER, _adj._ Light, agile.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _delivre_, libre, degagé.

~Deliuerly~, _adv._ Nimbly.

  _Barbour._


DELTIT, _part. adj._ Treated with great care, for preventing injury,
Banffs.

    Isl. _daella_, indulgentius, _dalaeti_, admiratio; _vera i dalaeti_,
haberi in delitiis.


_To_ DELUGE, _v. n._ To dislodge.

    Fr. _delog-er_, to remove.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ DEMANE, DEMAINE, _v. a._ To treat; generally to maltreat, S. B.

    O. Fr. _demain-er_, traiter.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ DEMAINE, DEMEAN, _v. a._ To punish by cutting off the hand.

  _Crookshank._

    Lat. _de_ and _manus_, Fr. _main_, hand.


DEMANYT, _part. pa._ Demeaned.

  _Barbour._


DEMELLE, _s._ Rencounter.

  _Ruddiman._

    Fr. _demel-er_, to contest.


DEMELLIT, _part. pa._ Hurt, injured, Ang.

~Demellitie~, _s._ A hurt, Ang. q. the effects of a broil.


_To_ DEMENT, _v. a._ To deprive of reason.

  _Baillie._

~Demented~, _adj._

1. Insane, S.

  _Wodrow._

2. Unsettled in mind, S.

  _Baillie._

    Lat. _demens_, insane.

~Dementation~, _s._ Derangement.

  _Wodrow._


DEMPSTER, DEMSTER, _s._

1. A judge, S. B.

2. The officer of a court, who pronounces doom.

  _Justice Air._

    A. S. _dem-an_, to judge.


DEMT, _part. pa._ Judged, doomed.

  _Barbour._


DEN, _s._ A hollow.

V. ~Dean~.


DEN, _s._

1. A respectful title prefixed to names.

V. ~Dan~.

  _Wyntown._

2. A dean.

  _Houlate._


_To_ DEN, _v. a._ To dam.

  _Barbour._


DENCE, _adj._ Danish.

  _Godly Ball._

~Densman~, _s._ A Dane.

  _Dunbar._


DENK, _adj._

1. Trim.

V. ~Dink~.

  _Dunbar._

2. Saucy, nice.

  _Dunbar._


DENSAIXES, _s. pl._ Danish axes.

  _Statist. Acc._


DENT, DINT, _s._ Affection.

_To tyne dent_ of a person or thing, to lose regard, Ang.

  _Ferguson._


DENT, _part. pa._ Indented.

    Fr. _denté_, id.

  _Gawan and Gol._


DENTILIOUN, _s._ Dandelion, an herb, S.

    Fr. _dent de lyon_.

  _Douglas._


DEPAYNTIT, Painted.

  _King's Quair._


_To_ DEPAIR, _v. a._ To ruin.

  _Palice Hon._

    Fr. _deper-ir_, to perish.


_To_ DEPART, DEPERT, _v. a._ To divide.

    Fr. _depart-ir_, id.

  _Barbour._


_To_ DEPESCHE, DEPISCHE, _v. a._ To dispatch.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _despesch-er_, id.


_To_ DEPONE, _v. n._ To testify on oath, S.

    L. B. _depon-ere_, testari.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ DEPRISE, _v. a._ To depreciate.

    Fr. _despris-er_.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ DEPULYE, _v. a._ To spoil.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _depouill-er_.


_To_ DER, _v. a._ To hazard.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _dear-ian_, Belg. _derr-en_, id.


DERAY, _s._

1. Disorder.

  _Barbour._

2. Mirthful noise at a banquet.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _desroy_, _deroi_, disorder.


_To_ DERE, DEIR, _v. a._

1. To hurt.

  _Douglas._

2. _To dere upon_, to make impression, S. B.

    A. S. _der-ian_, nocere.

~Dere~, ~Der~, ~Deir~, _s._ Injury.

  _Wallace._


_To_ DERE, _v. a._ To fear.

  _Burel._


DERE, _s._ Any beast of game.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _deor_, Su. G. _diur_, Isl. _dyr_, id.


DERE, _s._ A precious person.

  _Houlate._


_To_ DEREYNE, DERENE, DERENYHE, _v. a._ To determine a controversy by
battle.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _derainier_, prouver son droit en justice; Roquefort.

~Dereyne~, ~Derenye~, s. Contest, decision.

  _Barbour._


_To_ DERENE, _v. a._ To disorder.

  _Dunbar._


DERETH, _s._ Some kind of office anciently held in S.

  _Chart. Dunf._


_To_ DERNE, _v. a._ Perhaps for _darren_.

  _Hudson._


DERF, _adj._

1. Bold and hardy.

  _Douglas._

2. Capable of great exertion.

  _Douglas._

3. Possessing a sullen taciturnity, S. B.

4. Severe, cruel.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _diarf-ur_, Su. G. _diaerf_, daring.

~Derffly~, _adv._ Vigorously.

  _Wallace._


DERGAT, _s._ Target.

  _Wyntown._

    Gael. _targaid_.


_To_ DERN, _v. a._ To hide.

V. ~Darn~, _v._


_To_ DERT, _v. a._ To dart.

  _King's Quair._


To DESCRIVE, DISCRYVE, _v. a._ To describe, S.

  _Hamilton._


_To_ DESPITE, _v. n._ To be filled with indignation, S. B.

    Fr. _se despit-er_.


DET, _s._ Duty.

    Fr. _dette_.

  _Palice Hon._

~Detfull~, _adj._ Due.

  _Knox._

~Dettit~, _part. pa._ Indebted.

  _Bellenden._


DETBUND, _adj._ Predestinated.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _det_, a die.


_To_ DEUAIL, DEUAL, _v. n._

1. To descend.

  _Douglas._

2. _v. a._ To let fall.

  _Palice Honour._

    Fr. _devall-er_.

~Devall~, _s._ A sunk fence, Clydesd.


_To_ DEVALL, DEVALD, _v. n._ To cease, to intermit, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Su. G. _dwal-a_, to delay.

~Devall~, ~Devald~, _s._ A cessation, S.

    Isl. _duaul_, mora.


DEUCH, TEUCH, _s._

1. A draught, a potation, S.

V. ~Teuch~.

2. Drink in general, S. B.

~Deuchandorach~, ~Deuchandoris~, _s._

1. A drink taken at the door, S.

2. Equivalent to _stark-love and kindness_, S.

    Gael. _deoch an doruis_, the parting drink.


_To_ DEVE, DEAVE, _v. a._ To stupify with noise, S.

  _King Hart._

    Su. G. _doef-wa_, Isl. _deyf-a_, to deafen.


DEVEL, _s._ A stunning blow.

V. ~Davel~.


_To_ DEVISE, DIUISS, DEUYS, _v. a._ To talk.

    Fr _deuis-er_, id.

  _Barbour._


DEUGIND, _adj._ Wilful, litigious, Caithn.


DEUK, _s._ Covert, shelter, S. B.

V. ~Jouk~.


DEULE WEEDS, mourning weeds.

    Fr. _deuil_, mourning.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


DEVORE, DEUORE, _s._ Service.

    Fr. _devoir_.

  _Wyntown._


DEW, _adj._ Moist.

  _Douglas._


DEW, _pret._ Dawned.

V. ~Daw~.

  _Wallace._


DEWGAR, _s._ A salutation.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _Dieu garde_.


DEWGS, _s. pl._ Rags, shreds, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ DEWYD, DEWOYD, _v. n._ To divide.

  _Wallace._


_To_ DEWYSS, DIUISS, _v. a._ To divide.

    Fr. _devis-er_, id.

  _Barbour._


DEWYT, deafened, stunned.

V. ~Deve~.


DEWOR, DEWORY, _s._ Duty.

  _Barbour._


DEW-PIECE, _s._ A piece of bread given to servants when going out early
to their work, S. B.

  _Sinclair._


DGUHARE, Houlate. Leg.

  _Alquhare._


DIBBER-DERRY, _s._ Confused debate, S. B.

  _Ross._


DIBLER, _s._ A large wooden platter.

  _Burrow Lawes._

    O. E. _dobeler_, O. Fr. _doublier_, assiette.


_To_ DICE, _v. a._ To sew in a waved form, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ DICHT, DYCHT, _v._

1. To prepare.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _diht-an_, Germ. _dicht-en_, parare.

2. To deck, S.

  _Douglas._

3. To dress food.

  _Ritson._

4. To polish.

  _Douglas._

5. To wipe, S.

  _Colvil._

6. To dry by rubbing, S.

  _Ross._

7. To sift, S. Cumb.

  _Burns._

8. To treat, to handle.

  _Douglas._

9. To handle, applied to the mind, S. B.

    Belg. _dicht-en_, Su. G. _dicht-a_, to compose.

10. To drub, S. B.

  _Hamilton._

11. To make an end of.

  _Douglas._

~Dichtings~, _s. pl._

1. Refuse, S.

  _Ross._

2. The refuse of corn, S. synon. _shag_.


_To_ DICT, _v. a._ To dictate.

V. ~Dite~.


_To_ DIDDLE, _v. n._

1. To move like a dwarf, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To shake, to jog.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _dudd-est_, segnipes esse.


DIE, s. A toy, a gewgaw, Loth.


DIET-BOOKE, s. A diary.

  _Calderwood._

    L. B. _diaet-a_, iter unius diei.


DIFFER, _s._ A difference, S.

  _Bp. Forbes._


DIFFICIL, _adj._ Difficult.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ DIFFOUND, _v. a._ To diffuse.

  _Douglas._


DIGNE. _adj._ Worthy.

V. ~Ding~.


DIKE, DYK, _s._

1. A wall, S.

  _Kelly._

2. A vein of _whinstone_, traversing the strata of coal, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

3. A ditch.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _dic_, Su. G. _dike_, id.

_To_ ~Dyk~, _v. a._ To inclose with ramparts or ditches.

  _Barbour._

~Diker~, ~Dyker~, _s._ One who builds inclosures of stone, generally
without lime; also _dry-diker_, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ DILL, _v. a._ To conceal.

  _Callander._

    Isl. _dyll-a_, Su. G. _doel-ja_, occultare.


_To_ DILL, _v. a._ To assuage or remove.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    A. S. _dilg-ian_, delere; Isl. _dill-a_, lallare.

_To_ ~Dill Down~, _v. n._ To subside.

  _Baillie._


DILATOR, _s._ A delay; old law term.

    L. B. _dilatare_, to delay.

  _Baillie._


DILP, _s._ A trollop.

  _Ross._

    Sw. _toelp_, an awkward fellow.


_To_ DYMENEW, _v. a._ To diminish.

  _Douglas._


_To_ DIN, DYN, _v. n._

1. To make a noise.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. To resound.

    A. S. _dyn-an_, id.

  _Barbour._


DYND, _part. pa._

  _Bannatyne Poems._


_To_ DING, _v. a._

1. To drive,

  _S. Bellenden._

2. To exert one's self.

  _Henrysone._

3. To beat.

  _Wyntown._

4. To strike by piercing.

  _Bellenden._

5. To scourge, to flog.

  _Acts Ja. I._

6. To overcome, S.

  _Ferguson._

7. To excel. S.

  _Ramsay._

8. To discourage, S. B.

  _Ferguson._

9. _To ding down_, to overthrow, S.

  _Barbour._

10. _To ding in_, to drive in, S.

11. _To ding off_, to drive from.

  _Douglas._

12. _To ding on_, to attack with violence.

  _Barbour._

13. _To ding out_, to expel.

  _Bellenden._

_To ding out the bottom of_ any thing, to make an end of it, S.

  _Baillie._

14. _To ding ouer_, to overthrow, also to overcome, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

15. _To ding throw_, to pierce.

  _Bellenden._

16. _To ding to dede_, to kill with repeated strokes.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _daeng-ia_, Su. G. _daeng-a_, tundere.

_To_ ~Ding~, _v. n._

1. To drive.

  _Douglas._

_It's dingin on_, it rains, or snows, S.

2. _To ding down_, to descend.

  _Lyndsay._


DING, DIGNE, _adj._ Worthy.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _digne_, Lat. _dign-us_.


DINGLEDOUSIE, _s._ A stick ignited at one end; foolishly given as a
plaything to a child; Dumfr.

    Su. G. _dingl-a_, to swing, and _dusig_, dizzy.


DINK, DENK, _adj._

1. Neat, trim, S.

  _Evergreen._

2. Precise, saucy, Fife.

  _A. Douglas._

    Alem. _ding_, gay.

~Dinkly~, _adv._ Neatly.

  _R. Galloway._


_To_ DINLE, DYNLE, _v. n._

1. To tremble, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To make a great noise.

  _Ferguson._

3. To thrill, to tingle.

  _J. Nicol._

~Dinle~, _s._

1. Vibration, S.

2. A vague report, S. B.


DINMONT, DIMMENT, DILMOND, _s._ A wedder in the second year. S. q.
_twelve-months_.

  _Complaynt S._


DINNEN SKATE, The young of the Raia Batis.

  _Sibbald._


DINT, _s._ An opportunity, S.

  _Ross._


DINT, _s._ Affection.

V. ~Dent~.


DYOUR, _s._ A bankrupt.

  _Dunbar._


DIRD, _s._ An achievement; used ironically, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Teut. _dagh-vaerd_, Isl. _dagferd_, a day's journey.

~Dirdum~, _s._ Deed, achievement, S.B. ibid.

~Dirdum-Dardum~, _s._ A term, expressive of contempt for an action.

  _Chr. Kirk._


DIRD, _s._ A stroke, Aberd.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _dourd-er_, to beat.


DIRDUM, s.

1. An uproar, S.

  _King Hart._

    C. B. _dowrd_, sonitus, strepitus.

2. Damage. "To dree the _dirdum_," to do penance, S. B.

3. Passion, ill humour, Perths.

    Gael. _diardan_. surliness, anger.


DIRK, _s._ A dagger.

V. ~Durk~.


DIRK, DYRK, _adj._ Dark.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _deorc_.


_To_ DIRK, _v.n._ To grope in utter darkness.

  _Ferguson._

_To_ ~Dirkin~, _v. n._ To act clandestinely.

  _Dunbar._

_To_ ~Dirkin~, _v. a._ To darken.

  _Douglas._

~Dirkit~, _part. adj._ Darkened.

  _Dunbar._

~Dirkness~, _s._ Darkness.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ DIRLE, _v. a._ To pierce, E. _drill_.

  _Bannatyne MS._

    Su. G. _drill-a_, perforare.


_To_ DIRLE, _v. n._

1. To tingle, to thrill, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To emit a tingling sound, S.

  _Burns._

~Dirl~, _s._

1. A slight tremulous stroke, S.

2. The pain caused by such a stroke, S.

3. A vibration, S.

  _Burns._

~Dirling~, _s._ A short-lived smarting pain, S.

  _Douglas._


DIRR, _adj._

1. Torpid, benumbed, Loth.

2. Insensible, used in a moral sense, Loth.

    Su. G. _daer-a_, infatuare.

_To_ ~Dirr~, _v. n._ To be benumbed, ibid.


DIRT, _s._ Excrement, S.

~Dirtin~, _adj._

1. Defiled with excrement, S.

2. Mean, contemptible, S.

  _Bellenden._

~Dirt-fear'd~, _adj._ So much afraid as to lose the power of retention,
S.

  _Hamilton._


_To_ DISAGYIS, To disguise.

  _Gl. Complaynt._


DYSCHOWYLL, _adj._ Undressed.

    Fr. _deshabillé_, id.

  _Wallace._


DISCENSE, _s._ Descent.

  _Douglas._

    Lat. _descens-us_.


DISCREET, _adj._ Civil.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

~Discretion~, Civility, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


_To_ DISCRIUE, _v. a._ To describe.

  _Douglas._


_To_ DISCURE, _v. a._ To observe accurately.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _discour-ir_, to survey.

~Discourrour~, _s._ A scout.

  _Barbour._


DISDOING, _adj._ Not thriving, Clydes.


DISEIS, DISSESE, _s._

1. Want of ease.

  _Barbour._

2. State of warfare.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _desaise_, "a being ill at ease," Cotgr.


_To_ DISHAUNT, _v. a._ To leave any place or company.

  _Spotswood._

    Fr. _deshant-er_.


_To_ DISHERYS, _v. a._ To disinherit.

  _Barbour._

~Disherysown~, _s._ The act of disinheriting.

  _Wyntown._


DISHILAGO, _s._ The vulgar name of Tussilago or colt's-foot, S.


DISHORT, _s._

1. Displeasure.

  _Chron. S. P._

2. A disappointment, Aberd.

3. Any thing prejudicial, S.

    From _dis_, and _short_, _v._ to recreate.


DISJASKIT, _part. pa._

1. _Disjaskit-like_, exhibiting every appearance of a decay in
circumstances, S. B.

    Probably allied to Dan. _jask-er_, _hask-er_, sordide habeo.

2. Having a downcast look, S. B.


DISJUNE, DISJOON, _s._

1. Breakfast, S. B.

    O. Fr. _desjune_.

  _Ross._

2. _To make a disjune of_, to swallow up at once.

  _Baillie._


DISMAL, _s._ A mental disease, probably melancholy.

  _Polwart._


DYSMEL, _s._ Apparently, necromancy.

  _Priests Peblis._

    A. Goth, _dys_, dea mala, et _mal_, Moes. G. _mel_, tempus praefinitum.
Inde _dis-mal_ dies vindictae; Seren.


DYSOUR, _s._ One who plays at _dice_.

  _Dunbar._


DISPARAGE, _s._ Disparity of rank.

  _Skene._


DISPARIT, DISPERT, _adj._

1. Desperate.

  _Douglas._

2. Keen, violent, incensed, S. B.


_To_ DISPARPLE, _v. n._ To be scattered.

V. ~Sparpell~.

  _Hudson._


_To_ DISPEND, _v. a._ To expend.

    Fr. _dispend-re_.

  _Barbour._

~Dispending~, _s._ Expences.

  _Barbour._

~Dispence~, ~Dyspens~, _s._ Expence.

    Fr. _despens_.

  _Wyntown._


DYSPYTUWS, _adj._ Despiteful.

    Fr. _despiteux_.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ DISPLENISH, _v. a._ To disfurnish, S.

V. ~Plenys~, _v._

  _Baillie._


DISSAIF, _s._ Insecurity.

  _Wallace._


DISSEMBILL, _adj._ Unclothed.

    Fr. _deshabill-é_, id.

  _Wallace._


DYSTANS, DISTAWNS, _s._ Dissension.

  _Wyntown._

    L. B. _distenc-io_, contentio, lis.


DISTY-MELDER, _s._

1. The last quantity of meal made of the crop of one year, S.

2. Metaph. one's latter end, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._


_To_ DISTRUBIL, DISTROUBLE, _v. a._ To disturb.

  _Douglas._

~Distrowblyne~, _s._ Disturbance.

  _Barbour._


_To_ DIT, DYT, DITT, _v. a._ To close up, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _dytt-an_, occludere, obturare.


_To_ DITE, DYTE, DICT, _v. a._

1. To indite, S.

  _Wallace._

2. To dictate to an amanuensis, S.

  _Baillie._

3. To indict.

  _Henrysone._

    Teut. _dicht-en_, Sw. _dickt-a_, to compose; Germ. _dicht-en_,
sententiam dicere, literis mandare.

~Dyte~, _s._ Composition.

  _Wyntown._

~Ditement~, _s._ Any thing indited.

  _Sir W. More._

~Dittay, Dyttay~, _s._ Indictment.

  _Wallace._


DIV, DO. _I div_, I do, S.


DIVE, _s._ The putrid moisture, which issues from the mouth, &c. after
death, S. B.

~Divie~, _adj._ Having much _dive_, S. B.


_To_ DIVERT, _v. n._ To turn aside; Lat. _divert-ere_.

  _Baillie._


DIVET, DIFFAT, DIVOT, _s._ A thin flat oblong turf, used for covering
cottages, and also for fuel, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Lat. _defod-ere_, to dig.


DIUINE, _s._ A soothsayer.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _devin_, id.


DYVOUR, _s._ A bankrupt.

  _Skene._

    Fr. _devoir_, duty.

~Dyuourie~, _s._ Declaration of bankruptcy.

  _Skene._


DIXIE, _s._ Severe reprehension, S. q. the sentence of a pedagogue, Lat.
_dixi_, "I have said it."


_To_ DO, _v. a._ To avail.

V. ~Dow~.

  _Wallace._


_To_ DO _in-to_, to bring into.

  _Wyntown._


DO, _s._ pron. _doe_, A piece of bread, S. A.

    Fr. _dôt_, a portion.


DOACH, DOAGH, _s._ A wear or cruive.

  _Statist. Acc._


DOCHT, _pret._ Could, availed.

V. ~Dow~, 1.


DOCHTER, DOUCHTYR, _s._ Daughter, S.

  _Bellenden._

~Dochter-Dochter~, _s._ Grand daughter.

    Sw. _doter doter_, id.

  _Wyntown._


DOCHLY, _adv._ Perhaps for _dochtely_, powerfully; from A. S. _dochtig_.

  _Houlate._


DOCHTY, _adj._ Malapert, S. an oblique sense of E. _doughty_.


_To_ DOCK, _v. a._ To flog the hips, S.

    Teut. _dock-en_, dare pugnos.


DOCK, DOK, _s._

1. Podex, S.

  _Kennedy._

2. Stern of a ship.

  _Pitscottie._


DOCKEN, DOKEN, _s._ The dock, an herb, S.

  _Ritson._


DOCKER, _s._ Struggle, S. B.

V. ~Dock~, _v._

  _Ross._


DOCKUS, _s._ Any thing very short, S.


DOCUS, _s._ A stupid fellow, S.

    Germ. _docke_, a puppet.


DOD, _s._ A slight fit of ill-humour, S.

    Gael. _sdoid_, id.

~Doddy~, _adj._ Pettish, S.

    Gael. _sdodach_.


_To_ DODD, _v. n._ To jog, _Fife._

    Isl. _dudd-est_, segnipes esse.


DODDY, DODDIT, _adj._

1. Without horns, S.

2. Bald, without hair, S. B.

~Doddie~, _s._ A cow wanting horns, S.


_To_ DODGE, _v. n._ To jog, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._


DOFART, _adj._ Stupid.

V. ~Duffart~.


DOGDRIVE, DOG DRAVE, _s._ A state of ruin.

  _Ramsay._


DOG-HIP, _s._ The fruit of the Dog-rose, S.


DOG-NASHICKS, _s._ Something resembling the gall-nut, produced by an
insect depositing its _ova_ on the leaves of the Trailing willow, S. B.


DOG'S CAMOVYNE, Weak-scented feverfew, also _Dog-gowan_, S. B.


DOG'S SILLER, Yellow rattle or Cock's comb, S.


DOG'S TANSY, _s._ Silver-weed, S.

~Doggis~, _s. pl._ Swivels.

  _Complaynt S._

    Norm. Fr. _dagge_, a small gun.


DOG-LATIN, _s. Macaronic_ Latin. S.

  _Ruddiman._


DOGONIS, _s. pl._ Suitors.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ DOYCE, _v. a._ To give a dull heavy stroke, Ang.

~Doyce~, _s._

1. A dull heavy stroke, Ang.; _douss_, a blow, S.

V. ~Dusch~.

2. The flat sound caused by the fall of a heavy body, Ang.


DOID, _v. imp._ It becomes, Fr. _doit_.

  _Henrysone._


DOIL, _s._ A piece of any thing, as of bread, Ang. _dole_, E.


DOIL'D, DOILT, _adj._

1. Stupid, confused, S.

  _Polwart._

2. Crazed, S.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    Su. G. _dwal-a_, stupor; _ligga i dwala_, jacere in sopore.


DOYN, DONE, DOON, DOONS, DUNZE, _adv._ Very, in a great degree, a mark
of the superlative, S.

  _Bellenden._

_Doon weil_, or _dunze weil_, very well, S.

    Isl. _daeends_, id. as _daeends wael_, excellently, _dae waenn_,
very beautiful, from _daa_, an old primitive or particle, denoting any
thing good, worthy or excellent.

~Doonlins~, _adv._ The same. _No that doonlins ill_, not _very bad_, S.
B.


DOISTER, DYSTAR, _s._ A storm from the sea, Ang.

    Isl. _thustar_, aer incipit inclemens fieri.


DOIT, _s._ A small copper coin formerly current in S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


_To_ DOYTT, _v. n._

1. To dote.

  _Lyndsay._

2. To move as signifying stupidity, S.


DOITIT, DOYTIT, _part. adj._ Stupid, confused. S.

  _Dunbar._

    Belg. _dot-en_, delirare, Dan. _doede_, stupid.

~Doit~, _s._ A fool, a numskull, S.

~Doit~, _s._ A disease, perhaps stupor.

  _Watson._

~Doittrie~, _s._ Dotage, S.

  _Philotus._

~Doitrified~, _part. pa._ Stupified, S.


DOKEN, _s._ The dock.

V. ~Docken~.


DOLE, _s._ A doxy.

  _Gl. Shirr._


DOLENT, _adj._ Mournful.

  _Lyndsay._


DOLESS, DOWLESS, _adj._ Without exertion, S. _Doingless_, id.

    Sw. _dugloes_, id.


DOLF, _adj._

V. ~Dowf~.

~Dolfness~, _s._ Want of spirit.

  _Douglas._


DOLFISH, _s._ Leg. _Dog-fish_.

  _Statist. Acc._


DOLLY, DOLIE, DULLY, _adj._ Dull, S. _dowie_.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _daalig_, tristis.


DOLLYNE, _part._ Buried.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _be-dolfen_, id., Teut. _dolv-en_, inhumare, humo tegere,
sepelire, Kilian.


DOLPE, _s._ A cavity, S. _dowp_.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _dop_, a shell or husk.


DOME, _s._ Judgment, sentiment.

  _S. P. Repr._


DOMINIE, _s._

1. A pedagogue, S.

  _Forbes._

2. A contemptuous name for a minister, S.

  _Ritson._


DON, _s._ A favourite, S., perhaps from Hisp. _Don_.


DONGYN, DOUNGIN, _part. pa._ of _Ding_.


DONIE, _s._ A hare, Ang.

    A. S. _don_, damula?


DONK, _adj._ Damp, E. _dank_.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _dunk-en_, id.

~Donk~, _s._ Moisture, perhaps mouldiness.

  _Douglas._


_To_ DONNAR, _v. a._ To stupify, Fife.

  _A. Douglas._

~Donnard~, ~Donner'd~, _adj._ In a state of gross stupor, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Germ. _donner-n_, to thunder, q. stupified with noise, like
_bedundert_.


DONSIE, DONCIE, _adj._

1. Affectedly neat and trim, implying the idea of self-importance, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Obliquely signifying pettish, testy, S.

3. Restive, applied to a horse, S.

  _Burns._

4. Unlucky; in a moral sense.

  _Burns._

5. Dull and dreary.

  _Hamilton._

    Germ. _duns-en_, to swell; intumescere.


DONTIBOURS, DOUNTIBOURIS, _s. pl._ Probably, courtezans.

  _Knox._

    Fr. _domter_, to tame, and _bourse_, the purse; unless the last term
be used in the grosser sense mentioned by Cotgr.


DOOCK, DUCK, _s._ Strong coarse cloth, Ang.

_Sail-doock_, that used for sails. Pron. _doock_.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Teut. _doeck_, id.  Su. G. _duk_.


_To_ DOODLE, _v. a._ To dandle, S. B.

    Fr. _dodin-er_, _dodelin-er_, id.


DOOF, _s._, A stupid fellow.

V. ~Dowf~.


DOOK, _s._ A peg, S.

    Belg. _deuvig_, id.


DOOL, _s._ The goal in a game.

V. ~Dule~.


DOOL, _s._ To _thole the dool_, to bear the evil consequences of any
thing, Ang.

    Fr. _deuil_, grief.

~Dool-like~, _adj._ Having the appearance of sorrow.

  _Rutherford._


DOOLIE, _s._

1. A hobgoblin, S. B.

2. A scarecrow, a bugbear, S. B.

    A. S. _deoul_, diabolus, Isl. _dolg-r_, spectrum.


DOOMSTER, _s._ One who pronounces _doom_.

  _Rutherford._


DOOR, _s. Durk and door_.

  _Ritson._


DOOZIL, _s._

1. An uncomely woman, S. B.

2. A lusty child, S. B.

    Isl. _dusill_, servus, servulus.


DORDERMEAT, _s._ A _bannock_ given to farm-servants, after loosing the
plough, between dinner and supper, Ang.

    Su. G. _dagwerd_, a meal, from _dag_, day, and _ward_, food,
sometimes _dogoerdar_.


DORECHEEK, _s._ The door-post, S.


DORESTANE, _s._ The threshold, S.


DOREN. Probably, dare.

  _Wallace._


DORLACH, _s._ A bundle, or truss, Gael.

  _Baillie._


DORNICK, _s._ Linen cloth used in S. for the table; from Tournay, Teut.
_Dornick_.

  _Lyndsay._


DORT, _s._ Pet, commonly in pl.

  _Ross._

_To_ ~Dort~, _v. n._ To become pettish, S.

  _Shirrefs._

~Dorty~, _adj._

1. Pettish, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

2. Saucy, malapert, S.

3. Applied to a female who is saucy to her suitors, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. Applied to plants, when difficult to rear, S. B.

    Gael. _dorrda_, austere.

~Dortyness~, _s._ Pride, arrogance.

  _Douglas._


DOROTY, _s._

1. A doll, S.

2. A female of a very small size, S.


DOSK, _adj._ Dark-coloured.

  _Douglas._


DOSS, _adj._ Neat, spruce, Clydes.

    Teut. _doss-en_, munire vestibus suffultis.

~Dost up~, _part. pa._ Dressed sprucely.

  _Kennedy._


DOSS, _s._ A tobacco pouch, Aberd.

    Isl. _dos_, Germ. _dose_, a box.

  _Shirrefs._

_To_ ~Doss~, ~Dossie down~, _v. a._ To pay, S.

  _Ferguson._


DOTAT, _part. pa._ Endowed.

  _Bellenden._


DOT, _s._

1. A dotard.

  _Sir Tristrem._

2. A state of stupor.

  _Z. Boyd._


DOTED, _part. pa._ Given as a donation.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


DOTHER, _s._ Daughter, Ang.

  _Ross._


_To_ DOTTAR, _v. n._ To become stupid.

  _Evergreen._


DOTTLE, _s._ A small particle, S. _dot_, E.


DOTTLE, _adj._ In a state of dotage, S.

    Teut. _ver-doetelt_, repuerascens.


DOUBLE, _s._ A duplicate, S.

  _Baillie._

_To_ ~Double~, _v. a._ To take a duplicate of, id.


_To_ DOUCE, _v. a._ To knock, Fife.

V. ~Doyce~.

  _Douglas._

~Douce~, _s._ A stroke, Fife. Id.


DOUCE, DOUSE, _adj._

1. Sedate, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Modest, opposed to wantonness, S. B.

3. Of a respectable character, S.

  _Burns._

    Fr. _doux, douce_, mild, gentle.

~Doucely~, _adv._ Soberly, prudently, S.


DOUD, _s._ A woman's cap with a caul, Ang.


_To_ DOVER, _v. n._ To slumber, S. synon. _sloom_, S. B.

  _A. Douglas._

    Isl. _dofw-a_, stupere.

~Douerit~, ~Dowerit~, _part. pa._ Drowsy.

  _Douglas._

~Dover~, _s._ A slumber, S.

    Isl. _dur_, somnis levis.


_To_ DOUK, _v. a._ To duck, S.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _duck-en_, id.


DOUL'D, _part. pa._ Fatigued, Fife.

V. ~Doud~.

  _A. Douglas._


DOULE, _s._, A fool.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _dole_, fatuus.


DOUNGEOUN, _s._

1. The strongest tower belonging to a fortress.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _donjon_.

2. A tower in general.

  _Lyndsay._


DOUNT, _s._ A stroke, a blow.

V. ~Dunt~, _s._


_To_ DOUN THRING, _v. a._

1. To overthrow.

  _Lyndsay._

2. To undervalue.

V. ~Thring~.

  _Douglas._


DOUNWITH, _adv._

1. Downwards, S.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _adun_, deorsum, and _with_, versus.

2. As a _s. To the dounwith_, downwards, S.


_To_ DOUP, _v. n._ To incline the head or shoulders downwards, S.

  _Evergreen._

    Teut. _dupp-en_, verticem capitis demittere.

~Doup~. _In a doup_, _adv._ In a moment.

  _Ramsay._


DOUP, DOWP, DOLP, _s._ The breech or buttocks, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. The bottom, or extremity of any thing.

  _Ruddiman._

3. A cavity, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Isl. _doef_, clunes, posterior pars beluae.


DOUR, DOURE, _adj._

1. Hard.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Bold, intrepid.

  _Douglas._

3. Hardy, synon. with _derf_.

  _Douglas._

4. Inflexible, obstinate, S.

  _Douglas._

5. Stern; _a dour look_, S.

  _Wallace._

6. Severe; applied to the weather, S.

  _Burns._

    Lat. _dur-us_; C. B. _dewr_, audax.

~Dourly~, _adv._

1. Without mercy.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Pertinaciously.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


DOURTY, Leg. _dourly_.

  _Gawan and Gol._


DOUSE, _adj._ Solid.

V. ~Douce~.


DOUSS, _s._ A blow, a stroke.

V. ~Doyce~.


DOUT, DOUTE, _s._

1. Fear, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Ground of apprehension.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _doute_, id.

~Doutance~, _s._ Doubt.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _doubtance_.


DOUTSUM, _adj._

1. Hesitating.

  _Nat. Cov._

2. Uncertain, as to the event.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ DOW, _v. n._

1. To be able. _Pret. docht_, _dought_.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _dug-an_, valere.

2. To avail, to profit.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _doogh-en_, prodesse.

~Dow~, _s._ Worth, avail.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Teut. _doogh_, commodum.


DOW, _s._ A dove, S.

    A. S. _duua_.

  _Douglas._


_To_ DOW, _v. n._

1. To thrive, as to health, S.

  _Ross._

2. To thrive, in a moral sense, S.

    Alem. _douch-en_, _doh-en_, crescere, proficere.


_To_ DOW, _v. n._

1. To fade, to wither, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. To lose freshness, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. To dose, S. B.

  _Ross._

4. To neglect, S. B.

  _Morison._

    Alem. _douu-en_, perire.


DOWBART, _s._ A stupid fellow.

V. ~Dowfart~.

  _Dunbar._


DOWBRECK, _s._ A species of fish, Aberd.

    Gael. _dubhbreac_, a smelt.


DOWCATE, _s._ A pigeon-house.

  _Acts Ja. IV._


DOWCHSPERIS, DOWSY PEIRS, _s. pl._ The twelve peers, the supposed
companions of K. Arthur.

  _Wyntown._

    O. Fr. _les douz pers_, or _pairs_.


DOWF, DOLF, _s._

1. Destitute of courage or animation, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Melancholy, gloomy, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. Lethargic.

  _Douglas._

4. Hollow; applied to sound, S.

5. Silly, frivolous, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _dauf_, stupidus; Isl. _daup-r_, subtristis.

~Douf~, ~Doof~, _s._ A dull stupid fellow.

  _Dunbar._

~Dowfart~, ~Dofart~, _adj._

1. Destitute of spirit, S.; pron. as Gr. υ.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

2. Dumpish, melancholy, S.

3. Feeble, inefficient, S.

    From _dowf_ and Su. G. _art_, Belg. _aert_, disposition.

~Dowfart~, ~Doofart~, _s._ A dull, inactive fellow, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Duffie~, _adj._

1. Soft, spungy, S. _fozie_, synon.

2. Stupid, transferred to the mind, S.


DOWY.

V. ~Dolly~.


DOWYD, _pret._ Endowed.

    Fr. _dou-er_.

  _Wyntown._


DOWKAR, _s._ A diver.

  _Kennedy._

    Su. G. _dokare_, Belg. _duycker_, id.


DOWNCOME, DOUNCOME, _s._

1. Act of descending.

  _Douglas._

2. A fall, in whatever sense, S.

3. Overthrow.

  _Ruddiman._


DOWNDRAUGHT, _s._ Whatsoever depresses, S.


DOWNLYING, _s. At the down-lying_, about to be brought to bed, S.


DOWNLOOK, _s._ Scorn, contempt, S.

  _Ross._


DOWNSITTING, _s._ Session of a court, S.

  _Baillie._


DOWNTAK, _s._ Cause of imbecility, S.


DOWRE. Q. _dourly_. hardly.

  _Wyntown._


DOWRIER, DOWARIAR, _s._ Dowager.

    Fr. _Douairiere_, id.

  _Acts Marie._


DOWTIT, _part. pa._ Feared.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _doubt-er_, to dread.


DOXIE, _adj._ hazy, restive, S.

    Isl. _dosk-a_, to delay, _dosk_, inactivity.


_To_ DOZEN, DOSEN, _v. a._

1. To stupify.

  _Barbour._

2. To benumb. _Dozent with cauld_, S.

3. Denoting impotency.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _daase_, stupified; Isl. _das-ast_, languere.

_To_ ~Dozen~, _v. n._ To become torpid, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ DRABLE, DRAIBLE, _v. a._ To befoul, to slabber, S.


DRABLE, _s._ Perhaps a servant.

  _Houlate._


DRAFF, _s._

1. Grains, S.

  _Wallace._

2. Metaph., any moral imperfection, S.

    Teut. Isl. _draf_, siliquae excoctae.

~Draff-pock~, _s._

1. A sack for carrying grains, S.

2. Metaph., any imperfection.

  _S. Prov._


DRAGON, _s._ A paper kite, S.


DRAGOUN, _s. To raiss dragoun_, to give up to military execution.

  _Barbour._


_To_ DRAKE, DRAIK, DRAWK, _v. a._ To drench, S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Isl. _dreck-ia_, aquis obruo.

~Draiks~. _In the draiks_, in a slovenly disordered state, S. B.

  _Popular Ball._


DRAM, _adj._

1. Melancholy. S.B. _drum_, synon.

  _Douglas._

2. Indifferent, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _draums_, melancholicus.


DRAMOCK, DRAMMACH, DRUMMOCK, _s._

1. Meal and water mixed in a raw state, S.

  _Watson's Coll._

    Gael. _dramaig_.

2. Any thing boiled to the state of pulp, Ang.


_To_ DRANT, DRUNT, _v. n._

1. To drawl, S.

2. To pass in a tedious way, S.

    Isl. _dryn, drunde_, mugire.

  _Ferguson._

~Drant, Draunt~, _s._

1. A drawling enunciation, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A slow and dull tune, S.


DRAP, _s._

1. A drop, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

2. A small quantity of drink, S.

  _Ross._

_To_ ~Drap~, _v. n._ To drop, S.

  _S. Prov._


DRAP-DE-BERRY, _s._ Fine woollen cloth, made at Berry in France.

  _Watson's Coll._


_To_ DRATCH, DRETCH, _v. n._ To linger, S. B.

    Isl. _dratt-a_, segniter procedere.


_To_ DRAUCHT, _v. a._ To draw the breath in long convulsive throbs, S.

    Sw. _drag-as_, id.


DRAUCHT TRUMPET, War trumpet.

  _Douglas._


DRAUCHT, DRAUGHT, _s._

1. Lineament of the face, S.

  _Z. Boyd._

2. An artful scheme, S.

  _Rutherford._

    Teut. _draght_, vestigiae.


DRAVE, _s._

1. A drove of cattle, S.

2. A shoal of fishes, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

3. A crowd, S.

    A. S. _draf_, agmen.


_To_ DRAWL, _v. n._ To be slow in action, S.

    Teut. _drael-en_, cunctari.


_To_ DRE, DREE, DREY, _v. a._ To endure, S.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _dreog-an_, pati.


_To_ DRE, DREY, _v. n._ To endure.

    A. S. _adreog-an_, pati.

  _Barbour._


DREICH, DREEGH, _adj._

1. Slow, S.

  _Ross._

2. Tedious, S.

  _Montgomerie._

3. Denoting distance of situation.

    Goth. _drig_, _driug-r_, prolixus.

  _Ritson._

~Dreich~, ~Dregh~. _On dreich_, _adv._ At a slow pace.

  _Douglas._


DREDOUR, DRIDDER, _s._

1. Dread; _drither_, S. B.

  _Douglas._

2. Apprehension, S. B.

    A. S. _draed_, timor.

_To_ ~Dridder~, _v._ To dread, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ DREEL, _v. n._ To move quickly, Ang.

    Teut. _drill-en_, motitare.

  _Ross._


DREFYD, _pret._ Drave.

  _Wallace._


DREGY, DERGY, _s._

1. The funeral service.

  _Dunbar._

2. The compotation of the funeral company, S.

  _Herd._

    From the Lat. word _dirige_, frequently repeated in the office for
the dead.


DREGGLE, _s._ A small drop of any liquid, S.

    Su. G. _dregel_, saliva.


_To_ DREGLE, DRAIGLE, _v. n._ To be tardy, S.

V. ~Dreich~.


DREIK, _s._ Excrement.

    Teut. _dreck_.

  _Gl. Sibb._


To DREIP, _v. n._ To distil in drops, S.

  _Sel. S. Ball._

    A. S. _dryp-an_, Isl. _dreip-a_, id.


DREIRE, _s._ Leg. _deire_, hurt.

  _Fordun._


DRENE, _s._ Constant repetition.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ DRESS, _v. a._

1. To treat well or ill.

  _Wyntown._

2. To chastise, to drub, S.

3. To iron linens, S. _Dressing_-iron, a smoothing iron, S.


DRESSE, _s._ Exhibition.

  _Godly Ball._


DRESSER, _s._ A kitchen table, S.

    Teut. _dressoor_, Fr. _dressoir_, a sideboard.


DREVEL, _s._ A driveller.

  _Dunbar._


DREUILLYNG, DRIUYLLING, _s._ The vagaries of the mind, during unsound
sleep.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _draefl_, _drafl_, sermo stultus; also apinae, fooleries.


DREW, _s._

1. A species of sea-weed that grows very long, Orkn.

  _Neill._

2. Sea laces, Fucus filum, S.

    Isl. _driugr_, prolixus.


DREW, _s._ A drop.

  _Palice Honour._


DRIB, DRIBBLE, _s._

1. A drop, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Drizzling rain, S.

  _Burns._

    Belg. _druppel_, a drop.


DRY GOOSE, a handful of the finest meal, pressed very close together,
dipt in water, and then roasted among the ashes of a kiln, S. A.


DRYCHYN, DRYCHYNG, _s._ Delay.

V. ~Dreich~.

  _Wallace._


_To_ DRIDDER, _v. a._

V. ~Dredour~.


_To_ DRIDDLE, _v. n._

1. To spill from carelessness, Loth.

2. To have a diarrhoea.

  _Montgomerie._


_To_ DRIDDLE, _v. n._

1. To move slowly, S. B., same as _druttle_, q. v.

2. To be diligent without progress, Border.


DRIDDLES, _s. pl._ The intestines of a slaughtered animal, Fife.


DRIDDLINS, _s. pl._ The knotted meal left after baking, S.

    Germ. _trodel_, _treidel_, veteramenta.


DRIESHACH, _s._ The dross of a turf fire which glows when stirred, S. B.


DRIFLING, _s._ A small rain.

  _Baillie._

    Isl. _dreif-a_, spargere.


DRIFT, _s._ Drove; as of cattle, Ayrs.

    Teut. _drifle_, id.


_To_ DRIFT, _v. n._ To delay.

  _R. Bruce._

_To_ ~Drift~, _v. a._ To put off.

  _Z. Boyd._

~Drift~, _s._ Procrastination.

  _R. Bruce._


DRIGHTIN, _s._ Lord.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _drichten_, Alem. _drohtin_, id.


DRIMUCK, _s._ The same as _Dramock_.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ DRING, _v. a._ To obtain with difficulty, S. B.

  _Henrysone._

    Belg. _dring-en_, to urge, to press.


_To_ DRING, _v. n._ To be slow, S. B.

~Dring~, _adj._ Dilatory, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ DRING, DRINGE, _v. n._ To sound as a kettle before boiling.

  _Ramsay._

~Dring~, _s._ The noise of a kettle before it boils.


DRING, _s._

1. A servant.

  _Lyndsay._

    Sw. _dreng_, id.

2. A miser.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


DRINK-SILVER, _s._ A vale given to servants, S.

  _Rutherford._


DRYNT, _pret._ Drowned.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _adrenct_, mersus.


DRITHER, _s._ Dread.

V. ~Dredour~.


_To_ DRIZZEN, _v. n._

1. To low as a cow or ox, Ang.

2. Applied to a sluggard groaning over his work, S. O.

    Teut. _druyssch-en_, strepere.


_To_ DRIZZLE, _v. n._ To walk slow; Gl. Shirr.

    Isl. _drosl-a_, haesitanter progredi.


DRIZZLING, _s._ Slaver.

  _Gl. Shirr._


_To_ DROB, _v. a._ To prick, Ang.

    Isl. _drep-a_, perforare.

~Drob~, _s._ A thorn, a prickle, Perths.


DRODDUM, _s._ The breech.

  _Burns._


DROG, _s._ A buoy attached to the end of a harpoon line, S.


DROGARIES, _pl._ Drugs.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _drogueries_, id.


DROICH, _s._ A dwarf, _droch_, S. B. _dreich_, Border.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    A. S. _dweorh_, Isl. _droeg_, homuncio.

~Droichy~, _adj._ Dwarfish, S.


DROILE, _s._ A slave; Isl. _driole_, id.

  _Z. Boyd._


DRONACH, _s._ Penalty, S. B.

    Isl. _drungi_, molestia, onus.


DROTES, _pl._ Nobles.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Su. G. _drott_, a lord.


DROUBLY, DRUBLIE, _adj._

1. Dark, troubled.

  _Dunbar._

2. Muddy; applied to water.

    Teut. _droef_, turbidus.

  _Henrysone._


DROUERY, DROURY, _s._

1. Illicit love.

  _Barbour._

2. A love-token.

  _Douglas._

3. A gift of any kind.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _drurie_, la vie joyeuse.


_To_ DROUK, _v. a._ To drench, S.

  _Douglas._


DROUTH, _s._

1. Drought, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

2. Thirst, S.

  _R. Bruce._

~Drouthy~, _adj._

1. Droughty, S.

2. Thirsty, S.

  _Pennecuik._


DROW, _s._ A fainting fit, Ang.

    A. S. _throw-ian_, pati.


DROW, _s._ A squall.

  _Mellvill's MS._

    Gael. _drog_, motion of the sea.


DROWP, _s._ A feeble person.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _driup-a_, tristari.


_To_ DRUG, _v. a._ To pull forcibly, S.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _thrug-a_, premere, vim inferre.

~Drug~, _s._ A rough pull, S. B.

  _Ross._


DRUGGARE, _adj._ Drudging.

  _King's Quair._

    Isl. _droogur_, tractor, bajulus.


DRUM, _adj._ Melancholy, S. B.

V. ~Dram~.


DRUM, _s._ A ridge, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Gael. _druim_, id.

Applied, S. B. to little hills, which rise as ridges above the level of
the adjacent ground.


_To_ DRUMBLE, _v. n._ To raise disturbance.

  _Ramsay._

~Drumly~, ~Drumbly~, _adj._

1. Troubled.

  _Douglas._

2. Muddy, S.

  _Douglas._

3. Having a gloomy aspect, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. Confused; as to mind.

  _Ferguson._

5. Troubled; applied to the state of public matters, S.

  _Baillie._


_To_ DRUNE, _v. n._ To low in a hollow or depressed tone, Ang.

    Isl. _dryn-ia_, Sw. _droen-a_, mugire.

~Drunt~, _s._ A drawling enunciation, S.


DRUNT, _s._ Pet, sour humour, S.

  _Burns._

    O. Fland. _drint-en_, tumescere.


DRUSH, _s._

1. Atoms, fragments.

  _Watson._

2. The dross of peats, Banffs.

    Moes. G. _drauhsna_, a fragment, from _drius-an_, to fall.


_To_ DRUTTLE, _v. n._

1. To be slow in motion, S.

2. To trifle about any thing, S.

    Teut. _dreutel-en_, pumilionis passus facere.


DUALM, DWALM, DWAUM, _s._

1. A _swoon_, S.

  _Ross._

2. A sudden fit of sickness, S.

  _Ritson._

    Alem. _dualm_, caligo mentis stupore correptae.

~Dualmyng~, ~Dwauming~, _s._

1. A Swoon.

  _Douglas._

2. Metaph. the fall of evening, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._


DUB, _s._

1. A small pool of rain-water, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A gutter, S.

    Ir. _dob_, a gutter; Celt. _dubh_, canal.


DUBLAR, _s._

V. ~Dibler~.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


DUCHERY, _s._ Dukedom.

  _Bellenden._


DUCK, _s._ A leader.

V. ~Duke~.


DUCK, _s._ Sail-cloth.

V. ~Doock~.


DUD, _s._

1. A rag, S.

  _Ross._

_Daily dud_, the dish-clout, S. B.

2. _Duds_, _dudds_, pl. clothing, especially of inferior quality, S.

  _Polwart._

    Gael. _dud_, a rag, and _dudach_, ragged.  Isl. _dude_, indumentum
levioris generis.

~Duddy~, _adj._ Ragged, S.

  _Ramsay._


DUDDROUN, _s._ Sloven, drab.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _dudr-a_, to act in a slovenly manner.


DUDE, for _do it_, S.

  _Diallog._


_To_ DUEL, DUELL, DWELL, _v. n._

1. To delay, to tarry.

  _Douglas._

2. To continue in any state.

  _Barbour._

3. To cease or rest.

  _Wallace._

4. _Dwelt behind_, left behind.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _dwael-ias_, id.  Isl. _duel_, moror.

~Duelling~, _s._ Delay, tarrying.

  _Barbour._


DUERGH, _s._ A dwarf.

V. ~Droich~.

  _Gawan and Gol._


DUKE, DUCK, _s._ A general.

  _Evergreen._


DUKE, DUIK, _s._ A duck, S.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


DULCE, _adj._ Sweet; Lat. _dulc-is_.

  _Lyndsay._


DULDER, _s._ Any thing large, S. B.


_To_ DULE, _v. n._ To grieve.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _doul-oir_, Lat. _dol-ere_.

~Dule~, ~Dool~, _s._ Grief, S.

  _Wyntoun._

_To sing dool_, to lament.

  _Gl. Shirr._


DULE, DOOL, _s._ The goal in a game.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Teut. _doel_, aggesta terra, in quam sagittarii jaculantur sagittas.


DULL, _s._ Hard of hearing, S.

  _Sir John Sinclair._


DULSE, _adj._ Dull, heavy, S. B.

    Isl. _dollsa_, appendere ignavum.


DULSE, _s._ The fucus, a species of seaweed, S.

  _Martin._

    Gael. _duilliasg_, Ir. _dulisk_, id.


DUM TAM, a bunch of clothes on a beggar's back, under his coat, S. B.


_To_ DUMFOUNDER, _v. a._ To confuse, to stupify, S.


DUMBIE, _s._ pron. _Dummie_. One who is _dumb_, S.

  _Z. Boyd._


_To_ DUMP, _v. a._ To strike with the feet, Ang.

    Sw. _domp-a_, rudius palpare.


DUMPY, _adj._ Short and thick; also used as a _s._, S.

    Isl. _doomp_, ancillula crassa.


DUMSCUM, _s._ A game of children, much the same as _pallall_, or the
_beds_.


DUN, _s._ A hill, eminence, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

    A. S. _dun_, mons; Gael. id. a fortified hill.


_To_ DUNCH, _v. a._ To push or jog with the fist or elbow, S.

    Teut. _dons-en_, pugno percutere.


DUNCH, _s._ One who is short and thick, S.

~Dunchy~, _adj._ Squat, S.


DUNDERHEAD, _s._ A blockhead, Loth.

V. ~Donnart~.


DWMMYSMAN, _s._ A judge.

  _Wyntown._


DWN, _pret._ of the _v. Do_.

  _Wyntown._


DUNGEON _of wit_, One having a profound intellect, S.

  _Boswell._


DUNGERING, _s._ The dungeon of a castle.

  _S. P. Repr._


DUNIWASSAL, DUIN-WASSAL, _s._

1. A nobleman.

  _Colvil._

2. A gentleman of secondary rank.

  _Garnet._

3. Used to denote the lower class of farmers, generally in a
contemptuous way, Ayrs.

    Gael. _duine_, a man, and _uasal_, noble.


_To_ DUNNER, DUNDER, _v. n._ To make a noise like thunder.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ DUNT, _v. a._ To strike so as to produce a dull hollow sound, S.

  _Popular Ball._

_To_ ~Dunt~ _out_,

1. To bring any business to a termination, S.

  _Ross._

2. To come to a thorough explanation, after a variance, S.

    Su. G. _dunt_, ictus.

_To_ ~Dunt~, _v. n._ To palpitate.

  _Ramsay._

~Dunt~, ~Dount~, _s._

1. A stroke causing a flat and hollow sound, S. O. E. id.

  _Peblis to the Play._

2. Palpitation of the heart, S.

  _Ross._

3. _At a dunt_, unexpectedly, Stirlings.

    Isl. _dunt_, a stroke given to the back or breast, so as to produce
a sound.

~Dunting~, _s._ Continued beating, causing a hollow sound, S.

  _Melvil._


DUNTER-GOOSE, _s._ The Eider duck.

  _Brand._

    Su. G. _dun_, down, and _taer-a_, to gnaw, because it plucks the
down from its breast.


DUNTY, _s._ A doxy.

  _Gl. Ramsay._


DUNZE.

V. ~Doyn~.


DUR, DURE, _s._ Door.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _dure_, id.


DURGY, _adj._ Thick, gross, Loth.

    Isl. _driug-r_, densus.


DURK, _s._ A dagger, S.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

    Gael. _durc_, a poniard; Teut. _dolck_, sica.

_To_ ~Durk~, _v. a._

1. To stab with a dagger, S.

  _Cleland._

2. To spoil, to mismanage, S.


_To_ DURKEN, _v. a._ To affright.

  _Sir Gawan._


_To_ DUSCH, _v. n._

1. To move with velocity.

  _Douglas._

2. To twang.

  _Douglas._

3. _To dusch doun_. To fall with noise, id.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _dosen_, strepitum edere; Isl. _thus-a_, tumultuose proruere.

~Dusche~, _s._

1. A fall; as including the crash made by it.

  _Douglas._

2. A stroke, a blow.

V. ~Doyce~.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _thys_, Alem. _thuz_, _doz_, fragor.


DUSCHET, DUSSIE, _s._ A musical instrument.

  _Poems 16th Cent._


DUSCHET, DUSSIE, _s._ An indorsement.

  _Leg. Bp. St Androis._

    Fr. _douss-er_, to indorse.


_To_ DUSH, _v. a._ To push as a ram, ox, &c. S.

    Teut. _does-en_, pulsare cum impetu; Isl. _dusk-a_, verbera infligo.


DUST, _s._ A tumult.

    Su. G. _dyst_, id.


DUST _of a mill_, what flies from a mill in grinding, S. Teut. _duyst_,
pollen.


DUST _of lint_, what flies from flax in dressing, S.

    Teut. _doest_, lanugo lintei.


DUSTIE-FUTE, DUSTIFIT, _s._

1. A pedlar.

  _Skene._

2. One who is not resident in a country.

_Burr. Lawes._

3. Used to denote revelry.

  _Godly Ball._


_To_ DUTE, DUTT, _v. n._ To dose, S. B.

    Belg. _dutt-en_, to set a-nodding.

~Dut~, _s._ A stupid person, S. B.

    Dan. _doede_, stupidus; Belg. _dutt-en_, delirare.


DWABLE, DWEBLE, _adj._ Weak, flexible.

    Su. G. _dubbel_, double.

  _Ross._


DWALM, DWAUM, _s._

V. ~Dualm~.


_To_ DWANG, _v. a._

1. To oppress with labour, S. B.

2. To bear, or draw, unequally, S. B.

3. To harass by ill-humour, S. B.

    Teut. _dwingh-en_, domare, arctare.

_To_ ~Dwang~, _v. n._ To toil, S. B.

  _Morison._

~Dwang~, _s._ A rough shake or throw, S. B.

  _Morison._

_To_ ~Dwyne~, _v. n._

1. To pine, S.

  _A. Nicol._

2. To fade, applied to nature.

  _Ferguson._

3. To dwindle, S.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

    Teut. _dwyn-en_, attenuare, extenuare.

_To_ ~Dwyn~, _v. a._ To cause to languish.

  _Montgomerie._

~Dwyning~, _s._ A decline, S.

    Isl. _dwinar_, diminutio.



E


E, ~Ee~, _s._ The eye, S.

  _Douglas._


EA, _adj._ One.

V. the letter A.


_To_ EAND, _v. n._ To breathe.

V. ~Aynd~, _v._


EARLEATHER-PIN, _s._ An iron pin for fastening the chain by which a
horse draws in a cart, Fife.


_To_ EARM.

V. ~Yirm~.


_To_ EARN, _v. n._

1. To coagulate, S.

2. To cause to coagulate, S.

    Germ. _ge-rinnen_, Su. G. _raenn-a_, coagulare.

~Earning~, _s._ Rennet, S.

    A. S. _gerunning_, id.


EARN-BLEATER, _s._ The snipe, S. B. _earnbliter_.

  _Ross._


EARNY-COULIGS, _s. pl._ Tumuli, Orkn.

    Isl. _ern_, ancient, and _kulle_, tumulus, Su. G. summitas montis.


EASING, EASINGDRAP, _s._ The eaves of a house, S.

    A. S. _efese_; Belg. _oosdruyp_, id.


_To_ EASSIN, EISIN, _v. a._

1. To desire the bull, S.

2. Applied to strong desire of any kind.

  _Ferguson._

    Isl. _yxna_ or _oxna_, vitula appetens taurum.

~Eastning wort~, Scabious, an herb, S. A.

  _Pennecuik._


EARN, _s._ The Eagle.

V. ~Ern~.


EARTH, _s._ The act of earing, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Sw. _ard_, aratio, from _aer-ia_, to ear.


EASTIE-WASTIE, _s._ An unstable person, Ang.; q. one who veers from
_east_ to _west_.


EASTLAND, _adj._ Belonging to the east.

  _Baillie._


EASTLIN, _adj._ Easterly, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Eastlins~, _adv._ Eastward, S.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _east-laeng_, oriente tenus.


EASTILT, _adv._ Eastward, _westlit_, westward; pron. _eassilt_,
_wessilt_, Loth.

    A. S. _east-daele_, plaga orientalis.


EAT, _s._ The act of eating, S. B.

    A. S. _aet_, Teut. _aet_, food.


EATIN BERRIES, Juniper berries, S. B.

V. ~Etnagh~.


EBB, _adj._ Shallow, S.

  _Rutherford._

~Ebbness~, _s._ Shallowness.

  _Rutherford._


ECCLEGRASS, _s._ Butterwort or sheep-rot, Orkn.

  _Neill._


ECHER, ICKER, _s._ An ear of corn, S.

    A. S. _aecer_, _aechir_, id.

  _Douglas._


ECHT, _s._ Ought.

  _Barbour._


EDROPPIT, _part. pa._ Dropsical.

  _Bellenden._


EE, _s._ Eye.

V. ~E~.

~Ee~ _of the day_, Noon, mid-day, S. B.

~Ee-list~, ~Eye-list~, ~Eye-last~, _s._

1. A deformity, an eye-sore.

  _R. Bruce._

2. An offence.

  _Godscroft._

3. A break in a page, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    A. S. _eag_, oculus, and _laest_, defectus.

~Ee-stick~, ~Eistick~, _s._ Something singular or surprising; q. that
which causes the _eye_ to _stick_ or fix, S.

  _Ferguson._

~Ee-sweet~, ~Eye-sweet~, _adj._ Acceptable, S.

  _Rutherford._

~Ee-winkers~, _s._ The eye-lashes, S.

  _Rutherford._

~Een~, ~Ene~, _pl._ of ~Ee~, Eyes, S.

  _Douglas._


EEBREK CRAP, The third crop after lea, S. B.


EEGHIE ~nor~ OGHIE. _I can hear neither eeghie nor oghie_, neither one
thing nor another, Ang.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _igh_, or _eighi_, not.


EEKFOW, _adj._ Equal; also, just, Ang.

    Su. G. _ekt-a_, Germ. _eicht_, justus.

~Eeksie-peeksie~, _adj._ Equal, Ang.


EEL. _A nine-ee'd eel_, a lamprey, S.

    Su. G. _neionoogon_, Germ. _neunauge_, id.

~Eel-backit~, _adj._ Having a black line on the back, applied to a
dun-coloured horse, S.

~Eelpout~, _s._ The viviparous Blenny, S.


EERIE, _adj._ Timorous.

V. ~Ery~.


EFFECTUOUS, _adj._ Affectionate.

    L. B. _affectuos-us_, id.

  _Douglas._


_To_ EFFEIR, _v. n._

1. To become, to fit.

  _Chr. Kirk._

2. To be proportional to.

  _Knox._

~Effeir~, _s._

1. What is becoming.

  _Maitland Poems._

2. A property, quality.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ EFFERE, EFFEIR, _v. a._

1. To fear.

  _Lyndsay._

2. To affright.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _afaer-an_, terrere.

_To_ ~Effeir~, _v. n._ To fear.

  _Lyndsay._

~Effray~, ~Effraying~, _s._ Terror.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _effray-ir_, to affright.

~Effrayitly~, _adv._ Under affright.

  _Barbour._


EFREST, Best; Isl. _ypprist_.

  _Houlate._


EFT, _adv._ After.

    A. S. id.

  _Wallace._

~Eft castel~, Hinder part of the ship.

  _Douglas._

~Efter~, ~Eftir~, _prep._ After.

    A. S. _eftyr_, id.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

~Eftir ane~, _adv._ Uniformly, S.

  _Douglas._

~Eftirhend~, _adv._ Afterwards, S.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Su. G. _efter_, and _haen_, hence, dehinc, posthac.

~Efterhend~, _prep._ After. Id.

~Eftremess~, _s._ A dessert.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _aefter_ and _mess_, a meal.


EFTSYIS, _adv._ Ofttimes, Rudd.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _eft_, iterum, and _sithe_, vice.


EGG-BED, _s._ The ovarium of a fowl, S.


EGGLAR, _s._ One who collects _eggs_ for sale, S. A.


EY, A termination of the names of many places; signifying an island,
also written _ay_, _a_, or _ie_.

    Isl. _ey_, id.


EIDENT, _adj._ Diligent.

V. ~Ithand~.


EIDER DOUN, Down of the eider duck.

    Sw. _eiderdun_, id.

  _Pennant._


EYE-LIST, _s._ A flaw.

V. ~Ee-List~.


EYEN, _pl._ Eyes.

V. ~Een~.


EIFFEST, _adv._ Especially.

  _Barry._

    Isl. _efst-r_, supremus.


EIK, _pron._ Each.

  _Douglas._


EIK, EKE, _s._ An addition, S.

  _Baillie._


EIK, _s._ Lineament used for greasing sheep, S. A.


_To_ EILD, ELD, _v. n._ To wax old.

    A. S. _eald-ian_, veterascere.

  _Bellenden._

~Eild~, ~Eld~, _s._

1. Any particular period of life, S.

  _Barbour._

_Euin eild_, Equal in age.

  _Douglas._

2. A generation.

  _Douglas._

3. An era.

  _Wyntown._

4. The advanced period of life.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _yld_, aetas, aevum.

~Eild~, _adj._ Old.

    A. S. _eald_, id.

  _Douglas._

~Eildit~, _part. pa._ Aged.

  _Douglas._

~Eildins~, ~Yealings~, _s. pl._ Equals in age.

  _Burns._

    A. S. _efen-eald_, coaevus, inverted.


_To_ EYNDILL, _v. n._ To be jealous of; _eenil_, Fife.

  _Maitland Poems._

~Eyndling~, ~Eyndland~, _part. pr._ Jealous.

  _Semple._


EIR, _s._ Fear, Ang.

V. ~Ery~.


EIRACK, _s._ A hen-pullet, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Gael. _eirag_, id.  Germ. _jahrig_, one year old.


EYRE FALCONS, Leg. _Gyre_.

  _Houlate._


EITHER, _adv._ Or, Ang.

  _Knox._

    Isl. _eda_, _edr_, seu.


EITH, EYTH, ETH, _adj._ Easy, S.

    A. S. _eath_, facilis.

  _Barbour._

_Eith_ is also used adverbially.

  _Ramsay._

~Eithar~, ~Ethar~, _comp._

  _Douglas._

~Eithly~, _adv._ Easily, S.


EYTTYN, ETTYN, ETIN, EATEN, _s._

1. A giant.

  _Complaynt S._

2. _Redeaten_ occurs as equivalent to _canibal_.

    Isl. _jautun_, _jotun_.

  _Mellvill's MS._


EIZEL, AIZLE, ISIL, ISEL, _s._

1. A hot ember, S.

  _Burns._

2. Wood reduced to the state of charcoal, S.

3. In _pl._ metaph. for the ruins of a country desolated by war.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ysle_, embers, Isl. _eysa_, carbones candentes sub cinere.


ELBOCK, ELBUCK, _s._ Elbow, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _elboga_, Alem. _elnboga_, from A. S. _eln_, the arm, and
_boge_, curvature.

~Elbow-grease~, _s._

1. Hard work with the arms, S.

2. Brown rappee, Ang.


ELDARIS, ELDRYS, _s. pl._ Ancestors.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _aldor_, Su. G. _aeldre_, senior.


ELDER, _s._ Among Presbyterians, one ordained to the exercise of
government without having authority to teach, S.

  _Buik of Discipline._


ELDERSCHIP, _s._

1. The ecclesiastical court, now called a Presbytery.

  _Buik of Discipline._

2. The Kirk-session of a particular congregation, S.

  _Baillie._

    A. S. _ealdor-scipe_, principatus.


ELDFADER, _s._

1. Grandfather.

    A. S. _eald fader_, id.

  _Barbour._

2. Father in law.

  _Douglas._


ELDIN, ELDING, _s._ Fuel of any kind, S.

    A. S. _aeled_, Su. G. _eld_, fire.

  _Ferguson._


ELDING, _s._ Age.

V. ~Eild~.

  _Maitland P._


ELDIS, _adv._ On all sides.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _eallis_, omnino.


ELDMODER, _s._ Mother in law.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ealde-moder_, avia.


ELDNING, ELDURING, _s._ Jealousy.

    A. S. _ellnung_, emulation.

  _Dunbar._


ELDREN, ELDERIN, _adj._ Elderly, S.

  _Ross._

    Dan. _aldrende_; Isl. _aldraen_, senex.


ELEVEN-HOURS, _s._ A luncheon, S.


ELFMILL, _s._ The sound made by a wood-worm, viewed by the vulgar as
preternatural, S. q. "_fairy_-mill."


ELFSHOT, _s._

1. The name vulgarly given to an arrow-head of flint, S.

  _Pennant._

2. Disease, supposed to be produced by the stroke of an elf-arrow, S.

  _Glanville._

    Norv. _allskaadt_, Dan. _elleskud_; i. e. _elfshot_.

_Elf-shot_, _adj._ Shot by fairies, S.

  _Ramsay._


ELIMOSINUS, _adj._ Merciful.

  _Burel._


ELYTE, _s._ One elected to a bishopric.

    O. Fr. _elite_.

  _Wyntown._


ELLER, _s._ The Alder, a tree, S.

  _Lightfoot._


ELLIS, _adv._ Otherwise.

    A. S. _elles_, id.


ELLIS, ELS, _adv._ Already, S.

  _Barbour._


ELRISCHE, ELRICHE, ELRAIGE, ELRICK, ALRISCH, ALRY, _adj._

1. Expressing relation to evil spirits.

  _Dunbar._

2. Preternatural, as regarding sound, S.

  _Douglas._

3. Hideous; respecting the appearance.

  _Douglas._

4. Frightful, respecting place, S.

  _Burns._

5. Uncouth; in relation to dress.

  _Bellenden._

6. Surly, austere.

7. Fretted; applied to a sore, Ang.

    A. S. _aelf_, and _ric_, rich; q. abounding in elves.


ELS, ELSE, _adv._ Already.

V. ~Ellis~.


ELSYN, ELSON, _s._ An awl, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _aelsene_.


ELWAND, ELNWAND, _s._

1. An instrument for measuring, S.

  _Burr. Lawes._

2. Orion's girdle, a constellation.

  _Douglas._

    From _eln_ and _wand_, a rod.


EMAILLE, _s._ Enamel.

V. ~Amaille~.


EMBER GOOSE, A fowl which inhabits the seas about Orkney.

  _Sibbald._


EMERANT, _s._ Emerald.

  _King's Quair._

~Emerant~, ~Emerand~, _adj._ Green.

  _Douglas._


EMMIS, IMMIS, _adj._

1. Variable, Ang.

2. _An immis nicht_, a gloomy night, Banffs.

    Su. G. _ymsa_, _oemsa_, to vary, alternare; Isl. _yms_, _ymiss_,
varius.


_To_ EMPASH, EMPESCHE, _v. a._ To hinder.

    Fr. _empescher_.

  _Bellenden._


EMPRESS, EMPRISS, EMPRISE, ENPRESS, _s._ Enterprise.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _empris_.


ENACH, _s._ Satisfaction for a trespass.

    Gael. _enach_, a ransom.

  _Reg. Maj._


ENARMED, _part. pa._ Armed.

  _Douglas._

~Enarmoure~, _s._ Armour.

  _Douglas._


ENBRODE, _part. pa._ Embroidered.

  _Id._


_To_ ENBUSCH, _v. a._ To lay in ambush.

    Fr. _embusch-er_, id. q. _en bois_.

  _Barbour._

~Enbuschyt~, _s._ Ambuscade.

  _Barbour._

~Enbuschment~, _s._

1. Ambush.

  _Barbour._

2. Used in describing the testudo.

  _Douglas._


ENCHESOUN, _s._ Reason, cause.

    O. Fr. _acheson_, occasion.

  _Barbour._


END, EYNDING, Breath.

V. ~Aynd~.

  _Polwart._

~Enday~, _s._ Day of death.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _and-as_, to die.

~Enfundeyng~, _s._ Perhaps, asthma.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _andfaadd_, cui spiritus praeclusus est.


ENDLANG, ENDLANGIS, _adv._ Along; S. _enlang_.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _andlang_, per; Su. G. _aendalongs_, id.


ENDORED, _part. pa._ Adorned; Fr. _endoré_; Lat. _inaur-utus_.

  _Sir Gawan._


ENE, _pl._ Eyes.

V. ~Een~.


ENERLY.

V. ~Anerly~.


ENEUCH, YNEWCH, _s._ Enough, S. pl. _ynew_.

    A. S. _genoh_, satis.

  _Wallace._


ENFORCELY, _adv._ Forcibly.

  _Barbour._


ENGAIGNE, _s._ Indignation.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _engain_, choler.


_To_ ENGREGE, _v. a._ To aggravate.

    Fr. _engreg-er_, id.

  _Diallog._


_To_ ENGREVE, ENGREWE, _v. a._ To vex.

    Fr. _grev-er_, id.

  _Barbour._


ENKERLY, ENCRELY, INKIRLIE, _adv._

1. Inwardly.

  _Barbour._

2. Ardently, keenly.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _en coeur_, q. in heart.


EMPRESOWNÉ, _s._ A prisoner.

  _Wyntown._


ENPRISE, _s._ Enterprise.

  _King's Quair._


ENSEINYIE, ENSENYE, ANSENYE, _s._

1. A mark, or badge.

    Fr. _enseigne._

  _Lyndsay._

2. Ensign, or standard.

  _Knox._

3. The word of war.

  _Barbour._

4. A company of soldiers.

  _Knox._


ENSELYT, _pret._ Sealed.

  _Barbour._


ENTAILYEIT, _part. pa._ Formed.

    Fr. _entaill-er_, to carve.

  _Palice of Hon._


ENTENTYVE, _adj._ Earnest, intent.

    Fr. _ententif_.

  _Barbour._

~Ententely~, _adv._ Attentively.

  _Barbour._


ENTREMELLYS, _s. pl._ Skirmishes.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _entremel-er_, to intermingle.


ENTRES, ENTERES, _s._ Access, entry.

  _Bellenden._


ENTRES, _s._ Interest.

  _Acts Sedt._


EPISTIL, _s._ A harangue or discourse.

  _Dunbar._


ER, _adv._ Before.

V. ~Air~.

  _Barbour._

~Erar~, ~Earer~, _comp._

1. Sooner.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. Rather.

  _Wyntown._

~Erast~, _superl._ Soonest.

  _Wyntown._


ERD, ERDE, YERD, YERTH, _s._

1. The earth, S. pron. _yird._

  _Wyntown._

2. Ground, soil, S.

    A. S. _eard_, Isl. _jaurd_, id., from Isl. _aer-a_, _er-ia_, to
plough.

_To_ ~Erd~, ~Yerd~, _v. a._

1. To inter a dead body, S. B.

  _Barbour._

2. Denoting a less solemn interment.

  _Barbour._

3. To cover with the soil, for concealment, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Su. G. _iord-as_, sepeliri; Isl. _iard-a_.

~Erd houses~, Habitations formed under ground.

    Isl. _jard-hus_, domus subterranea.

~Erddyn~, ~Yirden~, s.

1. An earthquake.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _eorth-dyn_, terrae motus.

2. Thunder, S. B.


ERE, EIR, _s._ Fear, dread; Ang.

V. ~Ery~.


ERF, _adj._

1. Averse, reluctant, Loth. Fife.

2. Reserved, distant, Loth.

V. ~Ergh~.


To ERGH, ARGH, ERF, _v. n._

1. To hesitate, to feel reluctance, S.

  _Baillie._

2. To be reluctant from timidity, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _earg-ian_, torpescere pro timore.

~Ergh~, _adj._

1. Hesitating, scrupulous, S.

2. Timorous, S. B.

~Ergh~, ~Erghing~, _s._

1. Doubt, apprehension, S.

2. Fear, timidity, S.

    A. S. _yrhth_, id.


ERY, EIRY, EERIE, _adj._

1. Affected with fear, from whatever cause.

  _Douglas._

2. Under the influence of fear, excited by wildness of situation.

  _Douglas._

3. Denoting the feeling inspired by the dread of ghosts, S.

  _Ross._

4. Causing fear of spirits, S.

  _Burns._

    Belg. _eer-en_, vereri, Isl. _ogr-a_, terreo.

~Eryness~, ~Eiryness~, _s._ Fear excited by the idea of an apparition,
S.

  _Evergreen._


ERYSLAND, ERLSLAND, EUSLAND, s. A denomination of land, Orkn.

  _Barry._

    Su. G. _oeresland_, the eighth part of a Markland.


ERLIS, _s._ Earnest.

V. ~Arles~.


ERN, ERNE, EIRNE, EARN, _s._

1. The eagle, S. B.

  _Douglas._

2. The osprey.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _earn_, Isl. _aurn_, _ern_, aquila.


ERNAND, _part. pr._ Running.

    A. S. _eorn-an_, currere.

  _Maitland P._


ERN-FERN, _s._ The brittle fern, S. q. "the eagle-fern."


ERSE, _adj._ used as a _s._ The dialect of the Celtic spoken by the
Highlanders of S. i. e. _Irish_.


ERTAND, _part. pr._ Perhaps, ingenious, from _Airt_, _v._ to aim.

  _Gawan and Gol._


ESCH, s. The ash, a tree.

  _Douglas._

~Eschin~, _adj._ Belonging to the ash.

  _Doug._


To ESCHAME, _v. n._ To be ashamed.

  _Douglas._


ESCHEL, ESCHEILL, _s._ A division of an army.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _eschielle_, a squadron.


To ESCHEVE, ESCHEW, _v. a._ To achieve.

    Fr. _achev-er._

  _Barbour._


ESCHEW, _s._ An achievement.

  _Barbour._


ESFUL, _adj._ Producing ease.

  _Wyntown._


ESK, _s._ A newt, S.

V. ~Ask~.


_To_ ESK, EESK, YESK, _v. n._ To hiccup, S. B.

    A. S. _gisc-ian_, id.

~Eskin~, ~Eeskin~, _s._ The hiccup, S. B.

    A. S. _geocsung_, id.


ESPERANCE, _s._ Hope, Fr.

  _Bellenden._


ESPYE, _s._ A spy.

    Fr. _espie_.

  _Douglas._

~Espyell~, _s._ A spy.

  _Knox._


ESPINEL, _s._ A sort of ruby. Fr.

  _Burel._


ESPOUENTABILL, _adj._ Dreadful.

    O. Fr. _espouventable_.

  _Lyndsay._


ESS, _s._ Ace.

  _Bannatyne P._


ESSYS, _pl._ Advantages.

    Fr. _aise_.

  _Wyntown._


ESSONYIE, _s._ Excuse offered for non-appearance in a court of law.

    Fr. _essoine_, id.

  _Reg. Maj._

~Essonyier~, _s._ One who legally offers an excuse for the absence of
another.

  _Reg. Maj._


ESTER, _s._ An oyster.

  _Lyndsay._


ESTLER, _adj._ Hewn.

V. ~Aislair~.

  _Ramsay._


ETH, _adj._ Easy.

V. ~Eith~.


ETHERINS, _s. pl._ The cross ropes of a thatched roof or stack, S. B.

    A. S. _ether_, a covert, _heather-ian_, arcere.


ETHIK, ETICK, _adj._

1. Hectic.

  _Bellenden._

2. Delicate, S. B.

    Fr. _etique_, hectic.


ETIN, _s._ A giant.

V. ~Eyttyn~.


ETION, _s._ Lineage, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Su. G. _aett_, _ett_, family.


ETNAGH BERRIES, Juniper berries, Ang.

  _Ross._


_To_ ETTIL, ETTLE, ATTEL, _v. a._

1. To aim, to take aim, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To make an attempt, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. To propose, to design, S.

  _Douglas._

4. To direct one's course.

  _Houlate._

    Isl. _aetla_, destinare.

~Ettle~, ~Etling~, _s._

1. A mark, S.

  _Ross._

2. Aim, attempt, S.

  _Burns._

3. Design.

  _Barbour._


_To_ EVEN, _v. a._

1. To equal, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

2. To bring down to a certain level.

  _Rutherford._

3. To talk of one as a match for another in marriage, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


EVENDOUN, _adj._

1. Perpendicular, S.

2. Honest, downright, S.

3. Denoting a very heavy fall of rain, S.


EVERICH, _adj._ Every; _everichone_, every one.

  _King's Quair._

    A. S. _aefre eac_, id.


EUERILK, _adj._ Every.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _aefre ealc_, id.

~Euirilkane~, _adj._ Every one.

  _Barbour._


EUILL-DEDY, _adj._ Wicked.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _yfel daeda_, prava agens.


EVINLY, _adj._

1. Equal.

  _Douglas._

2. Indifferent, impartial.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _efen-lic_, aequalis, aequus.


EVIRLY, _adv._ Constantly, continually, S. B.


_To_ EVITE, _v. a._ To avoid, Lat. _evit-are_.

  _Cleland._


EULCRUKE, _s._ Perhaps, oil-vessel.

  _Burrow Lawes._


EVLEIT, _adj._ Active.

V. ~Olight~.


EUOUR, EVEYR, _s._ Ivory.

  _Douglas._


EWDEN-DRIFT, _s._ Drifted snow, Aberd.

  _Shirrefs._


EWDER, EWDRUCH, _s._ A disagreeable smell, S. B. Clydes.

  _Journal Lond._

    Fr. _odeur_.


EWDER, _s._ Ablaze, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


EW-GOWAN, _s._ Common Daisy.


EWEST, _adj._ Contiguous.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


EWIN, _adv._ Straight, right.

  _Dunbar._


EWYNLY, _adv._ Equally.

  _Barbour._


_To_ EXAME, _v. a._ To examine, S.

  _Diallog._


_To_ EXCAMBIE, _v. a._ To exchange, S.

    L. B. _excamb-iare_.

~Excambion~, _s._ Exchange, S.

  _Spotswood._


_To_ EXEME, EXEEM, _v. a._ To exempt.

  _Skene._


EXPECTANT, _s._ A candidate for the ministry, not yet licensed to preach
the gospel.

  _Acts Assembly._


_To_ EXPISCATE, _v. a._ To fish out by inquiry, S.

  _Wodrow._

    Lat. _expisca-ri_, id.


_To_ EXPONE,

1. To explain.

  _Baillie._

    Lat. _expon-ere_.

2. To expose to danger.

  _Knox._


_To_ EXPREME, _v. a._ To express.

  _Doug._


EXPRES, _adv._ Altogether.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _par exprés_, expressly.


EXTRÉ, _s._ Axle-tree, S.

V. ~Ax-tree~.

  _Douglas._


_To_ EXTRAVAGE, _v. n._ To deviate in discourse.

V. ~Stravaig~.

  _Fountainhall._



F


FÁ, FAE, _s._ Foe.

    A. S. _fa_, id.

  _Douglas._


FA, _v._ and _s._

V. ~Faw~.


FABORIS, _s. pl._ Suburbs.

    Fr. _faux-bourg_.

  _Wallace._


FABURDOUN, _s._ Counterpoint in music; Fr. _faux-bourdon_.

  _Burel._


FACHENIS, _pl._ Faulchions.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _fauchon_.


FACHT, Leg. _flicht_, flight.

  _Houlate._


FADDIS, _s. pl._ Boats.

  _Bellenden._

    Gael. _fada_.


FADE, FEDE, _adj._ Appointed; A. S. _fad-an_, ordinare.

  _Sir Tristrem._


FADE, _s._ A company of hunters.

  _Doug._

    Isl. _veid-a_, to hunt, Gael. _fiadh_, a deer.


_To_ FADE, _v. a._ To fall short in.

    Isl. _fat-ast_, deficit.

  _Wyntown._


FADER, FADYR, _s._ Father.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _faeder_, Isl. _fader_, id.


FADGE, _s._ A bundle of sticks, Dumfr.

    Sw. _fagg-a_, onerare.


FADGE, FAGE, _s._

1. A large flat loaf or bannock.

  _Gl. Sibb._

2. A flat wheaten loaf, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _wegghe_, libum oblongum; Fr. _fouace_, a thick cake.

3. A lusty and clumsy woman, S.

  _Ritson._


_To_ FADLE, FAIDLE, _v. n._ To waddle, Ang.


FADOM, _s._ A fathom, S.

    Isl. _fadm-r_.


FAGALD, _s._ Faggot.

  _Barbour._


FAY, _s._

1. Faith, O. Fr. _fe_.

  _Wyntown._

2. Fidelity, allegiance.

  _Barbour._


_To_ FAIK, _v. a._ To grasp.

  _Douglas._

    Fland. _fack-en_, apprehendere.


_To_ FAIK, _v. a._ To fold, S.

  _Burns._

    Sw. _veck_, a fold.

~Faik~, _s._

1. A fold, S. B.

  _Bannatyne P._

2. A plaid, Ang. _Faikie_, Aberd.

  _Journal Lond._


FAIK, _s._ A stratum of stone, Loth.


FAIK, _s._ The razor-bill, a bird.

  _Neill._


_To_ FAIK, _v. a._

1. To lower the price of any commodity, Loth. Perths.

2. To let go with impunity, Loth.

    Su. G. _falk-a_, to cheapen.


_To_ FAIK, FAICK, _v. n._ To fail, S. B.

    Su. G. _wik-a_, cedere.

  _Ross._


_To_ FAIK, _v. n._ To stop, S. B.

  _Ross._


FAIL, FALE, FEAL, _s._

1. Any grassy part of the surface of the ground.

  _Doug._

2. A flat grassy clod cut from the sward, S.

  _Bellenden._

    Su. G. _wall_, (pron. _vall_), sward.

~Fail-dyke~, _s._ A wall built of sods, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


_To_ FAILE, _v. n._

1. To fail.

2. To be in want of any thing.

  _Barbour._

~Failyie~, ~Faylyhé~, _s._

1. Failure.

  _Act Sedt._

2. Legal subjection to a penalty.

  _Spalding._

3. Penalty in case of breach of bargain, S.


_To_ FAYND, FAND, _v. a._

1. To tempt.

  _Wyntown._

2. To put to trial.

  _Sir Tristrem._

3. To endeavour.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _fand-ian_, tentare.


_To_ FAYND, _v. n._ To shift.

V. ~Fend~.

  _Wallace._


FAYNDING, _s._ Perhaps, guile.

  _Barbour._


FAINY, _adv._ Not understood.

  _Houlate._


FAINTICE, _s._ Dissembling.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _faintise_.


FAIPLE, _s._ _To hang the faiple_, to be chopfallen, S.

  _A. Scott._


FAIR, _adj._ Calm, Orkney.


FAIR, FERE, FEYR, _s._ Appearance.

    A. S. _feorh_, vultus.

  _Douglas._


FAIR, FAYR, FAR, _s._

1. Solemn preparation.

  _Barbour._

2. Funeral solemnity.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Germ. _feyr-en_, to celebrate.


FAIR, _s._ Affair.

  _Priests of Peblis._


FAYR, _adj._ Proper.

  _Barbour._

    Moes. G. _fagr_, idoneus.


FAIRD, _s._

1. Course.

  _Complaynt S._

2. Expedition, enterprise.

  _Calderwood._


FAIRDED, _part. pr._ Painted.

V. ~Fard~, _v._


FAIRDING, _s._ Violent blowing.

  _Burel._


FAYRE, FARE, _s._ Course.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _far_, iter.


FAIR-FARAND.

V. ~Farand~.


FAIRFASSINT, _adj._ Having great semblance of discretion, Ang.


FAIR-FUIR-DAYS.

V. ~Fure-dayis~.


FAIRHEID, _s._ Beauty.

  _Dunbar._


FAIRIN, FARNE, _part. pa._ Fared.

  _Barbour._


FAIRY-HILLOCKS, _pl._ Verdant knolls, denominated from the vulgar idea
that these were anciently inhabited by the fairies, or that they used to
dance there, S.


_To_ FAIRLY.

V. ~Ferly~, _v._


FAIRNTICKL'D, _adj._ Freckled.


FAIT, _s. To lose fait of_, to lose one's good opinion of, S.

    Fr. _faire fête de_, to joy in.


_To_ FAYT, _v. a._ Perhaps, frame.

  _Sir Tristrem._


_To_ FAIZLE, _v. a._ To flatter, S. B.

    Su. G. _fios-a_, id.


FALD, FAULD, _s._

1. A sheep-fold, S.

  _Ross._

2. An inclosure of any kind.

  _Douglas._

    A. S.  Isl. _fald_, septum animalium.

_To_ ~Fald~, ~Fauld~, _v. a._ To inclose in a fold, S.

    Sw. _faella_, id.


_To_ FALD, _v. n._ To bow, S.

  _Garden._

    A. S. _feald-an_, plicare.


_To_ FALE, _v. n._ To happen.

  _Wyntown._


FALK, FAUK, _s._ The Razor-bill.

  _Martin._


_To_ FALL, _v. n._

1. To fall to, as one's portion, pron. _faw_, S.

  _Peblis to the Play._

2. To be one's turn. _It fawis me now_, S.

_To_ ~Fall~ _by_, _v. n._ To be lost, S.

  _Rutherford._


_To_ FALL _with child_, to become pregnant, S.


FALL, (pron. _faw_) _s._ A measure six ells square, S.

  _Skene._

    Su. G. _fale_, pertica, a perch.


FALL, FAW, _s._ A trap, S.

  _Evergreen._

    Germ. _falle_, Su. G. _falla_, decipula.


FALLBRIG, _s._ A bridge used in a siege, which the besiegers let _fall_
on the walls, that they might enter by it.

  _Barbour._


FALLEN STARS, a gelatinous plant, found in pastures, &c. after rain, S.

~Sea fallen stars~, ~Sea lungs~, An animal thrown on the sea-shore, S.


_To_ FALLOW, _v. a._ To follow, S.

  _Douglas._


FALOW, FALLOW, _s._ Fellow.

  _Wyntown._

_To_ ~Fallow~, _v. a._ To equal.

  _Dunbar._


FALSAR, FALSARIE, _s._ A falsifier.

  _Acts Marie._


FALSED, FALSETTE, _s._

1. Falsehood.

  _Dunbar._

2. A forgery.

    O. Fr. _faulsete_.

  _Acts Mar._


FALT, FAUTE, FAWT, _s._ Want.

    O. Fr. _faute_.

  _Barbour._


FAME, FAIM, FEIM, _s._

1. Foam, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Passion, S. B.

    A. S. _fam_, _faem_, spuma.

_To_ ~Fame~, _v. n._ To be in a rage, S.


FAMEN, _pl._ Foes.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _fah-mon_, foe-man.


FAMYLE, FAMELL, _s._ Family, race.

    Fr. _famille_.

  _Douglas._


FAMOUS, _adj._ Of good character.

    Fr. _fameux_, of much credit.

  _Wodrow._


_To_ FAND, _v. a._ To try.

V. ~Faynd~.


FAND, _pret. v._ Found, S.

  _Hudson._


_To_ FANE, _v. a._ To protect.

  _Dunbar._


FANE. _In fane_, fondly.

  _Gawan and Gol._


FANG, _s._

1. Capture.

  _Wallace._

2. What is seized or carried off, Ang.

  _Morison._

_With the fang_, having in possession, LL. S.

3. In pl., claws or talons, S.

4. The bend of a rope.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    A. S. _fang_, Teut. _vanghe_, captura, captus.


_To_ FANK, FANKLE, _v. a._ To entangle, especially by knots, S.

  _Henrysone._

    Teut. _vanck_, tendicula.


FANNOUN, FANNOWNE, _s._ A linen handkerchief carried on the priest's arm
at mass.

    Fr. _fanon_.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ FANTISIE, _v. a._ To regard with affection.

    Fr. _fantas-ier_.

  _G. Buchanan._

~Fantise~, _s._ Vain appearance.

  _K. Quair._


FANTON, _s._ Swoon.

  _Palice of Hon._


FANTOWN, _adj._ Fantastic.

  _Wyntown._


FAR, _s._ Pompous preparation.

V. ~Fair~.


FAR, _s._ Appearance.

V. ~Fair~.

  _Barbour._


FAR, FARE, FAYR, _s._ Expedition.

  _Barbour._


FARAND, FARRAND, _adj._ Seeming.

  _Douglas._

~Auld-farand~, _adj._ Sagacious, S.

~Fair-farand,~ _adj._

1. Having a goodly appearance.

  _S. P. Repr._

2. Having a fair carriage.

  _Houlate._

3. Having a specious appearance, S.

~Euil-farand~, _adj._ Unseemly.

  _Douglas._

~Foul-farren~, _adj._ Having a bad appearance.

  _Kelly._

~Weill-farand~, _adj._

1. Having a goodly appearance.

  _Barbour._

2. Handsome.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _far-a_, agere; Teut. _vaer-en_, gerere se.


FARAND, _part. pr._ Travelling.

  _Barbour._

~Farandman~, _s._ A traveller.

  _Skene._

    A. S. _farende_, itinerant.


FARAR, _compar._ Better.

  _Gawan and Gol._


FARCOST, _s._ A trading vessel.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Su.G. _farkost_, any instrument of travelling.


FARAR, _s._ A traveller.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FARD, FAIRD, _v. a._

1. To paint.

  _Z. Boyd._

2. To embellish.

  _Compl. S._

    Fr. _fard-er_, id. _fard_, paint.

~Fard~, _s._ Paint.

  _Z. Boyd._


FARD, _adj. Weill fard_, well favoured.

  _Lyndsay._


FARD, FARDE, FAIRD, _s._

1. Course.

  _Douglas._

2. Force, ardour.

  _Bellenden._

3. _To make a faird_, to make a bustle.

    Su. G. _faerd_, cursus, iter.

  _Ramsay._


FARDER, _adj._ Further, S.

  _R. Bruce._


FARDILLIS, _s. pl._ Shivers.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Teut. _vier-deel_, quadra.


FAREFOLKIS, _s. pl._ Fairies; _fair-folk_, Banffs.

  _Douglas._

    Q. _fair folk_, or _faring folk_.


FARY, FARIE, _s._

1. Bustle, tumult.

  _Dunbar._

2. Confusion, consternation.

V. ~Fiery~.

  _Douglas._


FARING, _s._ Leading of an army.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _faer-a_, Su. G. _foer-a_, ducere, ducem esse.


FARLAND, _adj._ Coming from a distant country.

  _Maitland P._

    A. S. _feorlen_, _feorlend_, longinquus.


FARLE, FARTHEL, FERLE, _s._ Properly, the fourth part of a thin cake,
whether of flour or oatmeal; but now used often for a third, S.

  _Wodrow._

    Teut. _vier-deel_; A. S. _feorth dael_, quarta pars.


FARRACH, _s._ Force, vigour, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Isl. _faer_, validus; Gael. _farrach_, force.


FARSY, _adj._ Having the _farcy_.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _farcin_.


FARTIGAL, _s._ A fardingale.

    Fr. _vertugale_, id.

  _Maitland P._


FAS, _s._ Hair.

    A. S. _feax_, id.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FASCH, FASH, _v. a._

1. To trouble, applied to the body, S.

  _Baillie._

2. Denoting what pains the mind.

  _Baillie._

3. To molest, in a general sense, S.

  _Evergreen._

_To fash one's thumb_, to give one's self trouble, S.

  _Ramsay._

_To_ ~Fasch~, _v. n._

1. To take trouble, S.

2. To be weary of, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

3. To intermeddle, so as to subject one's self to trouble, S.

    Fr. _se fach-er_, to grieve; Su. G. _faas widen_, tangere aliquem,
_to fash with_, S.

~Fasch~, ~Fash~, _s._

1. Trouble, S.

  _Burns._

2. Pains taken about any thing, S.

3. Denoting a troublesome person, S.

~Fascheous~, ~Fashious~, _adj._ Troublesome.

    Fr. _facheux_, _facheuse_, id.

  _Baillie._

~Facherie~, Fr. ~Fashrie~, _s._ Trouble, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


FASSE, _s._ A hair.

  _S. P. Repr._


FASSON, _s._ Fashion, S. B. _fassin_.

  _Complaynt S._


FASTAN REID DEARE, Deer of a deep red colour.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


FASTRINGIS-EWYN, _s._ The evening preceding the first day of the Fast of
Lent. _Fasterns-een_, S.

  _Barbour._

    Belg. _Vastenavond_, id.


FATHERBETTER, _adj._ Surpassing one's father, S. B.

  _Baillie._

    Isl. _faudrbetringr_, id.


FATHER-BROTHER, _s._ A paternal uncle, S.

  _Skene._

~Father-sister~, _s._ A paternal aunt.

  _Id._


FATT'RILS, _s. pl._ Folds or puckerings, S. O.

  _Burns._

    O. Fr. _fatraille_, trumpery.


FAUCH, FAW, FEWE, _adj._ Pale red, fallow; dun, Aberd.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _fah_, _fealg_, _fealh_, helvus.


_To_ FAUCH, FAUGH, _v. a._

1. To fallow ground, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. To beat. _He faught him well_, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    Isl. _faag-a_, Su. G. _faei-a_, purgare.

~Fauch~, ~Faugh~, _adj._ Fallow, not sowed, S.

~Fauch~, ~Faugh~, _s._

1. A single furrow, from lea, Ang.

2. The land thus managed, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

3. Applied to the tearing of character, Ang.


FAUCHT, _pret._ Fought.

V. ~Fecht~.


FAUTE, FAWT.

V. ~Falt~.


FAUCUMTULIES, _s. pl._ Perquisites due by the tenant to the proprietor,
Ang.


FAVELLIS, _pl._ Perhaps, savours.

  _K. Hart._


FAULTOUR, _s._ A transgressor.

  _Lyndsay._


FAUSE-HOUSE, _s._ A vacancy in a stack, for preserving corns, q. _false
house_.

  _Burns._


FAW, _adj._ Pale red.

V. ~Fauch~.

~Faw~, _adj._ Of diverse colours.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _fag_, _fah_, versicolor.


To FAW, FÁ, _v. a._

1. To obtain.

  _Burns._

2. To have as one's lot, S.

  _Popular Ball._

~Faw~, ~Fá~, _s._

1. Share, S.

  _Ross._

2. Lot, chance, S.

  _Burns._


FAW, FÁ, _s._ A fall, S.

_To_ ~Shak a Fá~, _s._

1. To wrestle, S.

  _Ross._

2. To strain every nerve, S. B.

  _Baillie._

~Faw-cap~, _s._ A stuffed cap for guarding a child's head from the bad
effects of a fall, S. B.


FAW, _s._ A trap.

V. ~Fall~.


FAWELY, _adv._ Few in number.

  _Wallace._


FAX, _s._ Face, visage.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _fas_, conspectus, gestus.


FAZART, _adj._ Dastardly.

  _Kennedy._

    Su. G. _fasar_, horreo.

~Fazart~, _s._ A dastard.

  _Montgomerie._


FE, FEE, FEY, FIE, _s._

1. Cattle.

  _Barbour._

2. Small cattle, sheep or goats.

  _Douglas._

3. Possessions, in general.

  _Barbour._

4. Money.

  _Wyntown._

5. Wages, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

6. Hereditary property in land.

  _Wyntown._

7. Hereditary succession.

  _Barbour._

8. Absolute property, as distinguished from liferent, LL. S.

  _Skene._

    Isl. _fe_, Su. G. _fae_, A. S. _feo_, _pecus_, _pecunia_.

~Fear~, ~Fiar~, _s._

1. One to whom property belongs in reversion, S.

2. Connected with the term _conjunct_, a liferenter, S.

  _Skene._


FEALE, _adj._ Faithful, loyal, O. Fr. _feal_.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


FEATHER CLING, A disease of black cattle, S.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._


_To_ FEBLE, _v. n._ To become weak.

  _Barbour._

_To_ ~Feblis~, _v. a._ To enfeeble.

    Fr. _foiblesse_, weakness.

~Febling~, _s._ Weakness.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FECHT, _v. a._

1. To fight; pret. _faucht_, _fawcht_.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _feaht-an_, Germ. _fecht-an_, id.

2. To toil, S.

  _Burns._

~Fecht~, ~Facht~, ~Faught~, _s._

1. Fight, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Struggle, of whatever kind, S.

  _Burns._

~Fechtar~, _s._ One engaged in fight, S.

    A. S. _feohtere_, pugnator.

  _Wallace._


FEGHIE-LEGHIE, _adj._ A contemptuous term, conjoining the ideas of
insipidity, inactivity, and diminutive size, Aberd.


FECK, FEK, _s._

1. A term denoting, both space and quantity or number, S.

  _Dunbar._

2. The greatest part, S.

  _Wallace._

3. _Of feck_, of value.

  _Montgomerie._

    A. S. _faec_, space, or Fr. _effect_.

~Feckful~, ~Feckfow~, _adj._

1. Wealthy, S. _Feckfow-like_ having the appearance of wealth, S.

2. Possessing bodily ability, S.

  _Hamilton._

3. Powerful.

  _Ramsay._

~Fecky~, _adj._ Gaudy, S. B.

  _Ross._

~Feckless~, _adj._

1. Weak, applied to the body, S.

  _Ross._

2. Feeble in mind.

  _Polwart._

3. Spiritless, Ang.

~Feckly~, ~Fectlie~, _adv._

1. Partly, S.

  _Watson._

2. Mostly, S.

  _Ross._

_Fecklessness_, _s._ Feebleness, S.

  _Rutherford._


FECKET, _s._ Under-waistcoat, S.

  _Burns._


FEDDERAME, FEDREM, _s. pl._ Wings.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _faether-ham_, a dress of feathers.


_To_ FEDE, _v. a._ To nurture.

  _Sir Trist._

    A. S. _fed-an_, educare; Su. G. _foed-a_, alere.


_To_ FEE, FIE, _v. a._ To hire, S.

V. ~Fe~.

  _Knox._


FEEDING STORM, One that is on the increase, S.

  _Baillie._


_To_ FEEL, _v. a._ To smell, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


FEENICHIN, _adj._ Foppish, Fife.


FEER ~for~ FEER, Every way equal, S. B.

V. ~Fere~, companion.


FEERICHIN, _adj._ Bustling, S. B.

V. ~Fiery~.


FEERIE, _adj._ Clever.

V. ~Fery~.


FEETH, FEITH, _s._ A net, fixed and stretching into the bed of a river,
Aberd.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Moes. G. _fatha_, sepes; Dan. _vod_, a net.


_To_ FEEZE, _v. a._ To twist, S. A.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Feeze about~,

1. To turn round, S.

2. To hang off and on, S. B.

  _Skinner._

    Belg. _vyz-en_, id.

_To_ ~Feeze on~, _v. a._ To screw, S.

_To_ ~Feeze aff~, _v. a._ To unskrew, S.

_To_ ~Feeze up~, _v. a._

1. To flatter, S.

    Su. G. _fias-a_, id.

2. To work up into a passion, S.


FEY, FEE, FIE, _adj._

1. On the verge of death, S.

  _Wallace._

2. Unfortunate, unhappy.

  _Douglas._

3. _A fey puckle_, a grain of corn, that has lost its substance, S. B.

    Isl. _feig-r_, Su. G. _feg_, A. S. _faege_, moribundus, morti
appropinquans, Belg. _veeg_, Fr. _fée_, fatal.

~Feydom~, _s._ The state of being near death, or that conduct which is
supposed to indicate it, S.


FEY, _s._

1. A fief, held of a superior.

  _Barbour._

2. A kingdom; improperly.

  _Wyntown._


FEY, _s._ A foe.

V. ~Fa~.

  _Maitland Poems._


FEID, FEDE, _s._ Enmity; a quarrel, S.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _faide_, _fed_, Su. G. _fegd_, A. S. _faehth_, E. _fewd_.

~Feidom~, _s._ Enmity.

  _Evergreen._


FEIGH, FEECH, _interj._ Fy, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Alem. _fig-en_, A. S. _fi-an_, odisse.


FEYK, _s._ Restlessness, proceeding from nervous affection, the
_fidgets_.

V. ~Fyke~.

  _Polwart._


FEIL, FEILE, FEILL, FELE, _adj._ Many.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _fiol_. pluralitas; A. S. _feala_, _fela_, many.

~Fell~, ~Fiel~, _adv._ Denoting degree, S. as, _fell weill_.

  _Burns._


_To_ FEIL, _v. a._ To understand.

  _Wallace._

~Feil~, ~Feille~, _s._ Knowledge.

  _Dunbar._


FEIM, _s._ Foam.

V. ~Fame~.


FEIR, _s._ Demeanour.

  _Bannatyne P._

~Feir~, ~Feare~ _of_ ~Were~, a warlike expedition.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _far-an_, proficisci, _fare_, expeditio.


FEYR. _In feyr_, in company.

V. ~Fere~.


FEYRD, fourth.

V. ~Ferd~.


FEIRIS, belongs.

  _Houlate._


FEKIT, FYKIT, Troubled.

  _Wallace._


FELCOUTH. L. _selcouth_, strange.

  _Wallace._


_To_ FELL, _v. a._ To kill, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


_To_ FELL, _v. n._ To befal.

  _Ross._


FELL, _adj._

1. Hot, biting, S.

  _Burns._

2. Singular, strange, S.

3. Clever, mettlesome, S.

  _Keith._

4. Acute, transferred to mind, S.


_To_ FELL, FELL OFF, _v. a._ To let out a net from a boat, S. B.

  _Law Case._

    Su. G. _faell-a_, dejicere, demittere.


FELL, _s._ A rocky hill, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _fiaell_, a ridge or chain of mountains.


FELL-BLOOM, _s._ Yellow clover, S.


FELL SYIS, _adv._ Often.

  _Barbour._


FELLIN, _s._ A disease of cattle, S.


FELOUN, FELLOUN, _adj._

1. Fierce.

  _Barbour._

2. Violent, dreadful.

  _Douglas._

3. Denoting any thing extreme.

    Fr. _felon_, _fellon_, fell, cruel.

  _Wallace._

~Felony~, ~Felny~, _s._

1. Cruelty.

  _Barbour._

2. Wrath, fierceness.

  _Wyntown._


FELT, _s._ Creeping wheat-grass, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


FELT, _s._ Perhaps the same with _fellin_.

  _Watson._


_To_ FELTER, _v. a._ To entangle, S. B.

    Fr. _feultrer_, to cover with _felt_.

  _Ross._


FELT GRAVEL, the sandy gravel.

  _Spotswood._


FELTIFARE, _s._ The red shank, S.

  _Gl. Complaynt._


FEN, _s._ Mud, filth. A. S. _fenn_.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _fenn_, lutum, sordes, Moes. G. _fani_, lutum.  Lat.
_foen-um_.


_To_ FEN.

V. ~Fend~, _v._ 2.


_To_ FEND, _v. a._ To tempt.

V. ~Faynd~.

  _Barbour._


_To_ FEND, FENDE, _v. a._

1. To defend, S. Fr. _de-fend-re_, id.

  _Wallace._

2. To support.

  _Minstr. Bord._

3. To provide for one's self.

  _Rutherford._


_To_ FEND, FEN, _v. n._

1. To shift, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

2. To fare in general, S.

~Fend~, ~Fen~, _s._ The shift one makes, S.

  _Douglas._

~Fendie~, _adj._ Good at making shift, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


FENESTER, _s._ A window.

  _Douglas._


FENT, _s._ An opening in a sleeve, shirt, coat, &c. S.

    Fr. _fente_, id.


FER, _s._ Preparation.

V. ~Fayr~.

  _Barbour._


FER, _adv._ Far.

  _Douglas._


FERCOST, _s._ A bark.

V. ~Farcost~.

  _Skene._


FERD, FEIRD, FEYRD, _adj._ Fourth.

    Su. G. _fiaerde_, Isl. _fiorda_, id.

  _Douglas._


FERD, _s._ Force.

V. ~Faird~.

  _Baillie._


FERDE, _s._ An army.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _faerd_, id.


FERDELY, _adv._ Perh. actively.

  _Wallace._


FERDER, _adv._ Farther.

  _Douglas._


FERDY, FEIRDY, _adj._ Strong, active, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Su. G. _faerdig_, paratus.


FERDLY, _adv._ Fearfully; Bord.

  _Wallace._


FERE, _adj._ Fierce, Lat. _ferus_.

  _K. Quair._


FERE, _s._ Appearance, shew.

V. ~Fair~.


FERE, FEER, _s._ A companion.

    A. S. _ge-fera_, socius.

  _Barbour._

_In fere_, together.

  _Gawan and Gol._

_Yfere_, _yferis_, the same.

  _Douglas._


FERE, FER, _adj._ Entire.

_Hale and fer_, whole and entire, S.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _faer_, Su. G. _foer_, validus.


FERE ~of~ WEIR.

V. ~Feir~.


FERETERE, _s._ A bier.

  _Douglas._


FERY, FEIRIE, FEERIE, _adj._ Vigorous, active, S.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _ferig_, expeditus, alacer.

~Ferilie~, ~Feerelie~, _adv._ Cleverly, S.

  _Lyndsay._


FERIAT, _adj._ _Feriat times_, holidays.

  _Acts Sedt._

    Lat. _feriati dies_; _feriae_, holidays.


FERIE-FARIE, _s._ Bustle.

V. ~Fary~.


FERIS, _v. n._ Becomes.

V. ~Afferis~.

  _Douglas._


FERYS, _s. pl._ Marks.

V. ~Fair~.

  _Douglas._


FERYT, FERRYIT, _pret. v._ Farrowed.

    Sw. _faerria_, porcellos parere.

  _Barbour._


FERYT, _pret. v._ Waxed.

  _Wallace._


FERITIE, _s._ Violence.

  _Bp. Forbes._


FERLIE, FERELY, FARLIE, _s._ A wonder, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _faerlic_, _ferlic_, repentinus; also, horrendus.

_To_ ~Ferly~, _v. n._ To wonder.

  _Douglas._

~Ferlyfull~, _adj._ Surprising.

  _Barbour._


FERLYST, L. _Terlyst_.

  _Wallace._


_To_ FERME, _v. a._ To make firm.

  _Doug._


_To_ FERME, _v. a._ To shut up.

    Fr. _ferm-er_.

  _Douglas._


FERME, _s._ Rent, Fr.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

~Fermorer~, _s._ A farmer. L. B. _firmar-ius_.

  _Knox._


FERN, FEARN, _s._ Prepared gut. S. _tharm_, E.

  _Gl. Sibb._


FERNITICKLES, _s. pl._ Freckles, S.

    Dan. _fregne_, id.

~Fernitickled~, ~Fairntickl'd~, _adj._ Freckled, S.

  _Ritson._


FERNYEAR, FARNE-YEIR, _s._ The preceding year, S.

  _L. Hailes._

    A. S. _faren_, past; or Moes. G. _fairni_, old.

~Fernyear's Tale~, a fabrication.

  _Sir Egeir._

S. _fernyears news_, any intelligence that has been known long ago.


FERRARIS, _s. pl._ _Barell ferraris_, casks for carrying liquids.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _ferriére_, a large leathern bottle.


FERRY COW, a cow that is not with calf, S.

    Belg. _vare koe_, a cow that yields no more milk.


FERRYAR, FERREAR, _s._ A ferryman.

  _Acts Ja. I._

  _Douglas._


FERS. _On fers._ Perforce.

  _Henrysone._


FERSIE, _s._ The farcy, S.

  _Ferguson._


FERTER-LIKE, _adj._ Appearing ready for the bier or coffin, Aberd.

V. ~Fertour~.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


FERTOUR, FERTOR, _s._ A little chest.

  _Bellenden._

    L. B. _feretrum_, a sarcophagus; whence O. Fr. _fiertre_, a chest in
which reliques of saints were kept.


_To_ FEST, _v. a._

1. To fix.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _faesta_, to fasten.

2. To confirm, by promise or oath.

  _Wallace._

_To_ ~Fessin~, _v. a._ To fasten.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

~Festnyng~, _s._ Confirmation.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _faestnung_, id.


_To_ FETYL, _v. n._ To join closely.

    Su. G. _faetil_, ligamen.

  _Wyntown._


FETTIL, FETTLE, _s._ Energy, power, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ FETTLE, _v. a._ To tie up, S.


FETTLE, _adj._

1. Neat, tight, S. B.

2. Low in stature, but well-knit, S. B.


FETOUS, _adj._ Neat, trim.

  _Ruddiman._

~Fetusly~, _adv._ Featly.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FEUCH, FEUGH, _s._ To take a whiff, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

    Isl. _fiuk-a_, vento agitari.

~Feuch~, _s._ A whiff, S. B.


FEUCH, _s._ A sounding blow, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._


FEVERFOULLIE, _s._ Feverfew, S.

_Featherwheelie_, S. B.


FEVER-LARGIE, _s._ Expl. Two stomachs to eat, and one to work.


FEU, FEW, _s._ A possession held on payment of a certain yearly rent.
The mode of possession is also called _few-ferme_, the rent _few-dutie_,
or _few-maill_, S.

    A. S. _feo_, pecunia.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

~Feuar~, ~Fewar~, _s._ One who holds lands in feu, S.


FEURE, _s._ Furrow.

V. ~Fur~.


FEWE, _adj._ Fallow.

V. ~Fauch~.


FEWLUME, _s._ A sparrow hawk.

  _Doug._


FEWS, FOUETS, _s. pl._ Houseleek.


FEWTÉ, _s._ Fealty. Fr. _feauté_.

  _Barbour._


_To_ FEWTER, FUTER, _v. a._ To lock together.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _fiaetr-a_, compedibus constringere.


FEWTIR, _s._ Rage.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _fudra_, efflagro.


FIAL, FIALL, _s._

1. One who receives wages.

  _Spalding._

2. A vassal.

    O. Fr. _feal_, id.

  _Knox._


FIARS, _s. pl._ The prices of grain legally fixed for the year, S.

    Fr. _feur_, estimatio venalium; or Isl. _fiar_, _fear_, the genit.
of _fe_, _fie_, pecunia, opes.


FICHE, _s._ A fish.

  _Burel._


FICHYT, _part. pa._ Fixed.

  _Barbour._


FYCHYT, _pret._ Fetched.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ FICKLE, _v. a._ To puzzle, Loth.

  _Wall._

    A. S. _ficol_, versipellis, Su. G. _vickla_, complicare, _in-vekla_
to puzzle.

~Fickly~, _adj._ Puzzling, Loth.


FIDDER, _s._ A multitude.

V. ~Fudder~.

  _Burel._


_To_ FIDDLE, _v. n._ To trifle, though apparently busy, S.

    Isl. _fitl-a_, leviter attingere.


FYDRING, _s._ Confederation.

  _Burel._


FIE, _s._ Sheep.

V. ~Fe~.


FIEL, _Burns_.

V. ~Feil~, _adj._


FIER, _s._ Sound.

V. ~Fere~.

  _A. Douglas._


FIERCELINGS, _adj._ Violent, S. B.

  _Ross._

~Fiercelings~, _adv._ Violently, S. B.

  _Ross._


FIERY, _s._

1. Bustle, confusion, S.

2. Rage, pron. _fieroch_, _furoch_, Perths.

    Su. G. _fir-a_, to celebrate.

~Fiery-fary~, _s._

1. Bustle, S.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Shew, pretended bustle.

  _Baillie._


FIESE WILK, Striated whelk.

V. ~Feeze~.

  _Sibbald._


FIFT, Houlate. L. _in fist_.


FY-GAE-BY, _s._ A ludicrous designation for the diarrhoea, S.


FYELL, PHIOLL, _s._ A round vaulted tower.

  _Palice Hon._

    Lat. _Phalae_, towers of an oval form.


FIGMALIRIE, _s._ A whim.

  _Ramsay._

    Apparently the same with _Whigmaleerie_, q. v.


_To_ FIKE, FYKE, FEIK, _v. n._

1. To be in a restless state, without change of place, S.

  _Cleland._

2. To move from place to place unsteadily, S.

  _Burel._

3. To be at trouble about any thing, S.

    Su. G. _fik-a_, cursitare; _fiack-a_, hunc illuc vagari.

_To_ ~Fike~, ~Feik~, _v. a._

1. To vex, to perplex, S.

2. To do any thing in a diligent but piddling way, S.

  _Kelly._

~Fike~, ~Fyke~, _s._

1. Bustle about what is trifling, S.

  _Hamilton._

2. Restlessness, from whatever cause.

  _Ramsay._

~Fikie~, _adj._ Minutely troublesome, S.

~Fikefacks~, _s. pl._

1. Minute pieces of work, causing considerable trouble, S.

2. Little troublesome peculiarities of temper, S.

    Teut. _fickfack-en_, agitare, factitare.


FILCHANS, _s. pl._ Rags patched or fastened together, Ang.


_To_ FYLE, FILE, _v. a._

1. To defile, S.

    A. S. _ge-fyl-an_, id.

  _Douglas._

2. To diffuse contagion.

  _Acts Ja. II._

3. To sully, used in a moral sense.

  _Douglas._

4. To accuse, a law term.

  _Fountainhall._

5. To pronounce guilty, S.

  _Reg. Maj._


FYLE, _s._ A fowl.

  _Houlate._


FILIBEG, PHILIBEG, FEIL-BEG, _s._ A piece of dress worn by men, in the
Highlands, instead of breeches, S.

    Gael. _filleadh-beg_; _filleadh_ fold, and _beg_, little.

  _Boswell._


FILL, _s._ Full, S.

    Su. G. _fylle_.

  _K. Quair._


FILLAT, FILLET, _s._ The flank.

    Fr. _filet_, id.

  _Douglas._


FILLER, _s._ The only term used for a funnel, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


FILLOK, FILLY, _s._

1. A young mare, S.

2. A giddy young woman.

  _Douglas._

3. _Filly_, a frothy young man.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Isl. _foelja_, fem. of _fil_, pullus equinus.


FILSCH, _adj._ Empty, faint, Loth.


FILSCH, _s._ Weeds or grass covering the ground, S. B.

    Su. G. _fel-a_, _fial-a_, to cover.

~Filschy~, _adj._ Applied to a sheaf when swelled up with weeds or
natural grass, S. B.


FIN, _s._ Humour; q. fun.

  _Gl. Shirr._


_To_ FIND, _v. a._

1. To feel, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To grope, to grubble, S.


FINDY, _adj._ Full, substantial; q. what _finds_ or supports.

  _Kelly._


FINDLE, _s._

1. Any thing found, S.

2. The act of finding, S. B.

    A. S. _fyndele_, adinventio.


FINDSILY, _adj._ Apt to find.

  _Kelly._

    A. S. _find-an_, and _saelig_, felix.


_To_ FINE, FYNE, _v. n._ To make an end.

  _Wyntown._


FINGER-FED, _adj._ Delicately brought up, S. A.


FINGERIN, _s._ Worsted spun of combed wool, on the small wheel, S.

  _Colvil._

~Fingroms~, _s. pl._ Woollen cloth, denominated, as would seem, from the
quality of the worsted, Aberd.

  _Statist. Acc._


FYNYST, _part. pa._ Bounded.

  _Douglas._


FYNKLE, _s._ Fennel.

  _S. P. Repr._

    Lat. _foenicul-um_.


FINNACK, FINNOC, FINNER, A white trout, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Gael. _feannog_, id.


FINNER, _s._ A species of whale.

  _St. Acc._


FINNIE, _s._ A salmon not a year old, S. B.


FINNIN, _s._ A fiend, Ang.

  _Pitscottie._

    Su. G. _fanen_, _fianden_, _fanden_; cacodaemon.


FINNISON, _s._ Anxious expectation, Fifes. Teut. _vinnigh_, acer,
vehemens.


_To_ FIPPIL, _v. n._ To whimper.

  _Peblis Play._


FIPILLIS.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Isl. _fipla_, attrectare.


FIR, _adv._ Far.

  _Gawan and Gol._


_To_ FIRE, _v. a._ To bake bread, S.

  _J. Nicol._


FYREFANGIT, _part. pa._

1. Laid hold of by fire.

  _Douglas._

2. Applied to cheese when swelled and cracked, from being exposed to
much heat before it has been dried, S.


FIREFLAUCHT, FYIRSLAUCHT, _s._ Lightning, S.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _vier_, ignis, and _vlack-en_, spargere flammam; _vierslaen_,
excutere ignem.


FYRIT, _pret. v._ Perh. dragged.

  _Bellenden._


FIRLOT, FYRLOT, FURLET, _s._ The fourth part of a boll of corn, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    A. S. _feorth_, and _lot_, quarta portio.


FIRRON, FARREN, _adj._ Belonging to the fir.

  _Douglas._


FIRTH, _s._

1. An estuary, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. A bay.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _fiaerd_, Isl. _fiord-r_, fretum.


FIRTH, FYRTH, _s._ A sheltered place, an inclosure.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _frith-ian_, tueri, protegere.


_To_ FISSLE, _v. n._ To make a slight continued noise, to rustle, S.

    Teut. _futsel-en_, agitare, factitare, attrectare.

~Fissle~, ~Fistle~, _s._ Bustle, fuss, S.

  _Ross._


FIT, _s._ Foot, S.

  _Ferguson._

~First-fit~, _s._ The name given, in the calendar of superstition, to
the person who _first_ enters a house, on any day which is particularly
regarded as influencing the fate of a family, S.

  _J. Nicol._

~Fitsted~, _s._ Print of the foot, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._

~Fitty~, ~Futty~, _adj._ Expeditious, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._

~Fittie-lan'~, _s._ The nearer horse of the hindmost pair in a plough,
S.  q. _foot the land_.

  _Burns._

~Fitting~, _s._ Footing, S.

  _Z. Boyd._

~Fittininment~, _s._ Interest, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

_To_ ~Fitter~, _v. a._

1. To injure by frequent treading, S.

2. _v. n._ To make a noise with the feet, S.

    Belg. _voeteer-en_, to foot it.

~Fitterin~, _s._ The noise made by frequent and rapid motion of the
feet, S.


_To_ FITCH, _v. n._ To move by slow succussations, S.


FITHOWE, FITHAWE, _s._ A polecat.

  _Acts Ja. I._


FYVESUM, _adj._ Five together, S. A.


FIXFAX, _s._ The tendon of the neck of cattle or sheep, S.


FIXFAX, _s._ Hurry, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _fiks_, alacer.


_To_ FIZZ, _v. n._ To make a hissing noise, S.

    Isl. _fys-a_, sufflare.

  _Burns._

~Fizz~, ~Fize~, _s._ A hissing noise, S.


_To_ FIZZ, FIZZ _about_, _v. n._

1. To be in a bustling state, S.

2. To be in a rage, S.

    A. S. _fys-an_, festinare; Isl. _fys-a_, instigare.

~Fizz~, _s._

1. A great bustle, S.

    Su. G. _fias_, id.

2. Rage, heat of temper, S.


FLA, _s._ A flea.

    A. S. id.

  _Palice Hon._


FLACKIE, _s._ A truss made of straw, for preserving a horse's back from
being hurt by the _creel_, Orkn.


_To_ FLAF, FLAFF, _v. n._

1. To flap, S.

  _Hudson._

2. To flutter.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Flaffer~, _v. n._ To flutter, S. B.


FLAG, _s._ A piece of green sward, cast with a spade, S.

    Isl. _flag-a_, glebas tenues exscindere.


FLAG, _s._ A squall.

    Teut. _vlaeghe_.

  _Doug._


FLAG, _s._ A flash of lightning.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _vlack-en_, vibrare instar flammae.


FLAGGIS, _s pl._ Flanks.

  _Dunbar._


FLAYIS. Leg. _slayis._

  _Barbour._


FLAIK, FLAKE, FLATE, _s._

1. A hurdle.

  _Wallace._

2. In pl. temporary folds or pens, S.

  _R. Bruce._

    Fris. _vlaeck_, Su. G. _flake_, crates; _flaet-a_, Teut.
_vlecht-en_, nectere.


FLAIN, FLANE, _s._ An arrow.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _flane_, id.


FLAIR, _s._ The skate, a fish.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ FLAIRY, _v. a._ To cajole.

V. ~Flare~.


FLAYT, _pret._ Scolded.

V. ~Flyte~, _v._


_To_ FLAM, _v. n._ To fly out and in, S. B.

V. ~Flem.~


_To_ FLAME, FLAMM, _v. a._ To baste meat while roasting, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _flamb-er_, id.


FLAN, FLANN, _s._ A gust of wind, S.

    Isl. _flan-a_, praeceps ferri.

  _Brand._


FLANE, _s._ An arrow.

V. ~Flain.~


_To_ FLANTER,

1. To waver, to be in some degree delirious, Ang.

2. To faulter in evidence or narration, Ang.

    Isl. _flane_, erroneus, praeceps fatuus.


_To_ FLARE, _v. a._ To cajole, Loth.; _flairy_, Fife. Isl. _flaar_,
crafty, _flaerd_, guile.

~Flare~, _s._ Flattering language, Loth.


FLASH, _s._ A depository for timber, Loth.


_To_ FLAST, _v. n._ To gasconade, S.

    Isl. _flas-a_, praeceps feror.


_To_ FLAT, _v. a._ To flatter.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _flat-er_, id.


FLAT, _s._ A field.

  _Douglas._


FLAT, _s._ Floor of a house.

V. ~Flet~.


_To_ FLATCH, _v. a._ To fold down, Loth.


FLATE, _s._ A hurdle.

V. ~Flaik.~


FLATLYNYS, FLATLINGS, _adv._ Flat.

  _Barbour._


FLAUCHT, FLAUCHTER, FLAUCHIN, _s._ A flake, S.

    Su. G. _snoeflage_, a flake of snow.


FLAUCHT, FLAUGHT, _s._ A handful, S. B.

  _Ross._


FLAUCHT _of land_, A croft, Ang.


FLAUCHTBRED, _adv._

1. At full length, S. q. spread out in _breadth_.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _flaeckt_, spread.

2. With great eagerness, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ FLAUCHTER, _v. a._ To pare turf from the ground, S. B.

V. ~Flag~, _s._ 1.

  _Gl. Shirr._

~Flauchter-fail~, _s._ A long turf cut with a flauchter-spade, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._

~Flauchter-spade~, _s._ A long two-handed instrument for casting turfs,
S.

  _Statist. Acc._


FLAW, _s._

1. A blast of wind.

  _Douglas._

2. A storm of snow, Ang.

  _Statist. Acc._

3. A sudden flash of fire.

  _Wyntown._

4. Rage, passion, Ang.

V. ~Flag.~


_To_ FLAW, _v. n._ To fib.

  _Ramsay._


FLAW, _pret._ Flew.

    A. S. _fleah._

  _Doug._


FLAW. _Fiery Flaw_, The sting ray.

  _Sibbald._


FLAW, _s._

1. An extent of land under grass, Orkn.

2. A broad ridge, ibid.

    Isl. _fla_, planus, latus.


FLAW PEAT. A soft and spongy peat, pron. _flow-peat_, S.

V. ~Flow~.

  _Walker._


FLAWKERTIS, _s. pl._ Armour for the legs.

  _Douglas._


FLAWMAND, _part. pr._ Displayed.

V. ~Flam~, _v._

  _Barbour._


FLEASOCKS, _s. pl._ The shavings of wood.


FLECH, (gutt.) _s._ A flea, S. B.

    A. S. _fleah_.


FLEDGEAR, _s._ One who makes arrows.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Germ. _flitsch_, Fr. _fleche_, an arrow.


FLEED, _s._ A head ridge, Aberd.


FLEE, _s._ A fly, S.

    Belg. _vliege_.

  _Z. Boyd._


FLEEGERIE, FLEEGARIE, _s._

1. A whim, S.

2. In pl. toys, gewgaws, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ FLEG, _v. a._ To affright, S.

  _Ramsay._

_To_ ~Fleg~, _v. n._ To take fright, S. B.

~Fleg~, _s._ A fright, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ FLEG, _v. n._ To fly from place to place, Dumfr.

    A. S. _fleog-an_, volare.


FLEG, _s._ A stroke.

  _Hamilton._


FLEGGAR, _s._ One who magnifies in narration, Loth.

    Su. G. _flick-a_, to patch; _skoflickare_, a cobler.


_To_ FLEY, FLEE, _v. a._

1. To frighten, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To put to flight, S.

_To_ ~Fley~, ~Fly~, _v. n._ To take fright, S. B.

  _Ross._


FLEY. Leg. _Sley_, sly.

  _Barbour._


_To_ FLEICH, FLEITCH, _v. a._ To wheedle, S.

  _Barbour._

    Teut. _flets-en_, adulari, blandiri.

~Fleich~, ~Fleech~, _s._ A piece of flattery.

  _Kelly._

~Fleiching~, ~Flechyng~, _s._ Flattery, S.

  _Douglas._

~Fleicher~, ~Flechour~, ~Fleitschour~, _s._ A flatterer.

    Teut. _fletser_.

  _Wyntown._


FLEIG, _s._ Flight.

  _Bellenden._


FLEYITNES, _s._ Affright.

  _Complaynt S._


FLEYNE. _Vnto fleyne_, On flight.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FLEIP, _v. a._

V. ~Flype~.


_To_ FLEYR, _v. n._ To make wry faces; also, to whimper, Ang.

  _Many._


_To_ FLEIT, _v. a._ To flee from.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _vlied-en_, id.


_To_ FLEIT, FLETE, _v. n._

1. To flow.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _flyt-a_, Teut. _vliet-en_, fluere.

2. To float.

  _Evergreen._

3. To sail.

  _Barbour._

4. To abound.

  _Lyndsay._


FLEYSUM, _adj._ Frightful, S.

V. ~Fley~.


_To_ FLEKKER, FLYKER, _v. n._

1. To flutter, S.

  _Wallace._

2. To quiver, to tremble.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _fleckra_, motitari, A. S. _fliccer-ian_, id.


FLECKERIT, _adj._ Spotted.

  _Gawan and Gol._


_To_ FLEM, FLEME, _v. a._ To banish, to expel.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _ge-flem-an_, fugare; Isl. _flaeme_, exulare facio, whence
_flaemingr_, an exile, an outlaw.

~Flemens-firth~, _s._ An asylum for outlaws.

  _Lay Last Minstrel._


FLENCH-GUT, _s._ Blubber of a whale laid out in long slices, S.

    Su. G. _flanka_, to slice.


_To_ FLEND, _v. n._ To flee.

  _Lyndsay._


FLENDRIS, FLENDERS, FLINDERS, _s. pl._ Splinters.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _flenters_, splinters, fragments.


FLEOURE, FLEURE, FLEWARE, FLEWER, FLEOWRE, _s._ Flavour.

    Fr. _flair_, odor.

  _Wyntown._


FLESCHE, _s._ Fleece.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _fleos_, _flys_, id.


FLET, _pret. v._

V. ~Flyt~, to scold.


FLET, _adj._ Prosaic.

  _Complaynt S._


FLET, FLETT, _s._

1. A house.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _flett_, id.

2. The inward part of a house.

  _LL. S._

3. A floor or story of a house; commonly _flat_, S.

  _Courant._


FLET, _s._ A matt of plated straw, for preserving a horse's back from
being injured by his load, Caithn.

  _Statist. Acc._


FLET, _s._ A saucer, S.

    Isl. _fleda_, id.


FLET, _pret._ Floated.

V. ~Fleit~.


FLETE, _s._ Product.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _vliet-en_, abundare.


_To_ FLETHER, _v. a._ To decoy by fair words.

V. ~Fludder~.

  _Burns._


FLEUME, FEUME, _s._ Phlegm.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ FLEURIS, _v. n._ To flourish.

  _Lyndsay._

~Fleurise~, ~Flureise~, _s._ Blossom, S.

  _Complaynt S._


FLEWET, FLUET, _s._ A smart blow.

  _Kelly._


FLYAME, _s._ Phlegm.

  _Polwart._


FLICHEN, _s._ Any thing very small, Dumfr.


_To_ FLICHT, _v. n._ To fluctuate.

    A. S. _flogett-an_, id.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ FLICHT, _v. n._ Same with _Flyte_.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ FLICHTER, FLYCHTER, _v. n._

1. To flutter, S.

  _Burel._

2. To quiver, to throb.

  _Douglas._

3. To startle, S. B.

V. ~Flekker~.


_To_ FLICHTER, FLIGHTER, _v. a._ To pinion, S.

  _Wodrow._

    Teut. _vlicht-en_, nectere.


_To_ FLICKER, _v. a._ To coax, S.

    Su. G. _fleckra_, adulari.


_To_ FLICKER, _v. n._ To flirt.

  _Popul. Ball._


_To_ FLYDE, _v. n._ To fly.

  _Maitland P._

    Teut. _vlied-en_, id.


FLIEP, _s._ A silly inactive fellow, Aberd.

V. ~Flup~.


FLYND, _s._ Flint.

  _Gawan and Gol._


_To_ FLINDER, _v. n._ To run about in a fluttering manner. Aug.

    Isl. _flan-a_, praeceps feror.


FLINDERS.

V. ~Flendris~.


FLINDRIKIN, _s._

V. ~Flinder~, _v._

  _Watson's Coll._

~Flindrikin~, _adj._ Flirting, Fife.


_To_ FLING, _v. a._

1. To baffle, to deceive, S.

2. To jilt. S.

  _Morison._

~Fling~, _s._

1. A disappointment, in general, S.

2. A disappointment in love, in consequence of being jilted, S.

  _A. Douglas._

3. A fit of ill humour. _To tak the fling_, to become unmanageable.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

~Flingin-tree~, _s._

1. A piece of timber used as a partition between horses. S.

2. The lower part of a flail, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ FLING, _v. n._

1. To dance.

  _Knox._

~Fling~, _s._ The act of dancing, S.

  _Neill._

Hence _the Highland fling_.


_To_ FLIPE, FLYPE, _v. a._ To pull off any thing, by turning it inside
out, S.

  _Lyndsay._

    Isl. _flipa_, the pendulous lip of a wound.

~Flipe~, _s._ A fold, a lap, S.

  _Cleland._


FLIRDON, _s._

  _Montgomerie._


_To_ FLYRD, _v. n._ To flirt.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _fleard-ian_, nugari.


_To_ FLYRE, _v. n._

1. To gibe, S. B.

  _Houlate._

    Isl. _flyr-a_, subridere, E. _fleer_.

2. To leer, S. B.

  _Popular Ball._

3. To look surly, Ang.

  _Morison._


FLYRIT, Not understood.

  _Maitland P._


FLYROCK, _s._ A term of contempt.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ FLISK, _v. n._

1. To skip, to caper, S.

  _Cleland._

    Su. G. _flas-a_, lascivire, Isl. id. praeceps ferri.

2. _To be fliskit_, to be fretted, Fife.

  _A. Douglas._


_To_ FLIST, _v. n._

1. To fly off, S.

2. To be in a violent emotion, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. _It's flistin_, it rains and blows at once, S. B.

    Teut. _flits-en_, evolare, Sw. _flaes-a_, anhelare.

~Flist~, _s._

1. A squall, Ang.

2. A flying shower of snow, Ang.

3. A fit of anger, Ang.

~Flisty~, _adj._

1. Stormy, squally, Ang.

2. Passionate, irascible, Ang.


_To_ FLIT, FLYT, _v. a._

1. To transport in whatever way, S.

  _Burns._

2. To transport by water.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _flytt-a_. transportare ab uno loco ad alterum. Isl.
_flytt-ia_, vecto.

_To_ ~Flit~, ~Flyt~, _v. n._ To remove from one house to another, S.

  _Kelly._

    Dan. _flytt-er_, id.

~Flitting~, _s._

1. The act of removing from one place of residence to another, S.

2. The furniture, &c. removed, S.

  _Wyntown._

3. _A moonlight flitting_, removal without paying one's debts, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ FLYTE, FLITE, _v. n._

1. To scold, S. pret. _flet_, anciently _flayt_.

  _Douglas._

~Flyting Free~ _with one_, under no such restraint as to prevent severe
reprehension, S.

    A. S. _flit-an_, rixare, to brawle, Somner.

2. To pray in the language of complaint, or remonstrance.

  _Wallace._

~Flyte~, ~Flyt~, _s._ A severe reprehension, continued for some time, S.

  _Ritson._

~Flyter~, _s._ One given to scolding, S.

  _Rollocke._

~Flyting~, _s._

1. The act of scolding, S.

  _Baillie._

2. Poetry of that kind which the French call _tenson_.

  _Evergreen._

~Flytepock~, _s._ The double-chin, S. B., denominated from its being
inflated when one is in a rage.

~Flytewite~, ~Flycht-vyte~, _s._ A fine for verbal abuse or broils.

  _Skene._

    A. S. _flit-wite_, id. from _flit_, strife, and _wite_, a fine.


_To_ FLOAN, FLOAN ~on~. _v. a._ To shew attachment or court regard, in
an indiscreet way; a term applied to females, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _flon_, stolidus, _flana_, praeceps feror.


FLOBBAGE, _s._ Phlegm.

  _Lyndsay._

    Sw. _flabb_, bucca, Dan. _flab_, the mouth.


FLOCHT, FLOUGHT, _s._

1. _On flocht_, on wing.

  _Douglas._

2. State of being fluttered, S. B. _a flocht_, id.

  _Burel._

3. Fluctuation.

  _Dunbar._

    Alem. _flught_, flight; A. S. _flogett-an_, fluctuare.

~Flochtry~, ~Floughtrous~, _adj._ Fluttered, in a flurry, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ FLODDER, FLOTTER, _v. a._

1. To overflow.

  _Douglas._

2. To blur, by weeping, synon. _bluther_.

  _Douglas._


FLOYT, _s._ A flatterer or deceiver.

  _Polwart._

    Teut. _fluyte_, mendacium blandum; _fluyt-en_, mentiri, blande
dicere.


FLOOK, FLEUK, _s._

1. A generic name for various kinds of flat fish, S.

  _Sibbald._

2. Most generally used to denote the common flounder, S.

    A. S. _floc_, passer.

~Flook-mow'd~, _adj._ Having a crooked mouth, S. B.


FLOOKED, _adj._ Barbed.

  _Z. Boyd._


FLORENTINE, _s._ Any thing baked in a dish, S.


FLORIE, _adj._ Vain, volatile, S.

    Teut. _flore_, homo futilis.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


FLOSS, _s._ The leaves of red Canary grass, Orkn.


FLOT, _s._ The scum of broth when boiling, S.

    Su. G. _flot_, adeps, qui juri supernatat.

~Flot-whey~, _s._ Those curds, left in whey, which, when boiled, float
on the top; Clydes. _Fleetings_, Ang.

  _Complaynt S._


FLOTE. _s._ A fleet.

    A. S. _flota_.

  _Barbour._


FLOTHIS, _s. pl._ Floods.

  _Wallace._

    Alem. _flout_, a stream.


_To_ FLOTTER.

V. ~Flodder~.


FLOTTRYT, _pret._ Splashed.

  _Wallace._

    Belg. _flodder-en_, to flap.


FLOUGHT, _s._ Flutter.

V. ~Flocht~.


FLOUR, _s._ The meal of wheat, S.

~Flour-bread~, _s._ Wheaten bread, S.

  _St. Acc._


FLOURE JONETT, _s._ Perhaps flowers in July, in O. Fr. called _Junet_.

  _K. Quair._


FLOURIS, _s. pl._ Prime of life.

  _Lyndsay._


FLOURISH, _s._ Blossom, S.


FLOUSS, _s._ A flood.

    Germ. _fluss_.

  _Barbour._


FLOW, _s._ A particle, S. B.

    A. S. _floh_, a fragment.


FLOW, FLOWE, FLOW-MOSS, _s._

1. A watery moss, a morass, S.

  _Pitscottie._

    Isl. _floe_, loca palustria, a _floe_, fluo.

2. A low-lying piece of rough watery land, not broken up, Loth.


FLOWAND, _adj._ Inconstant.

  _Bellenden._

    Isl. _flog_, vagus.


FLUD, FLUDE, _s._

1. Inundation, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. Flux of tide, S.

  _Id._

~Fludmark~, _s._ Water-mark, S.


_To_ FLUDDER, FLUTHER, _v. n._ To cajole.

    Isl. _fladra_, adulari.

  _S. P. Repr._


FLUFF'D, _part. pa._ Disappointed.

  _Gl. Shirr._


FLUM, _s._ Flattery.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


FLUM, _s._ Flow, metaph. used like _flumen_ ingenii, Cic.

    O. Fr. id.

  _Douglas._


FLUNKIE, _s._ A livery servant, S.

  _Burns._

    A. S. _vlonce_, pride.


FLUP, _s._ One both awkward in appearance, and foolish, Ang. Clydes.
_Fliep_, Aberd. _Floip_, Perths.

    Isl. _fleip_, ineptiae; Su. G. _fleper_, homo ignavus.


FLURDOM, FLYRDOM, _s._

  _Kennedy._


FLURISFEVER, _s._ The scarlet fever, S. B. denominated from the
ruddiness of the skin.


FLURISH, FLOURISH, _s._ Blossom, S.

  _Hume._


FLUSCH, _s._

1. A run of water.

  _Doug._

2. Snow in a state of dissolution, S.

3. Abundance, generally applied to liquids, S.

    Germ. _fluss_, aqua vel humor fluens.


_To_ FLUSTER, _v. n._ To be in a bustle, S.

    Isl. _flaust-r_, praecipitantia, _flaustr-a_, incaute festinare.

~Fluster~, _s._ Bustle, confusion proceeding from hurry, S.


FLUTCH, s. An inactive person, Loth.

    Teut. _flauw_, languidus.

~Flutchy~, _adj._ Inactive, Loth.


_To_ FLUTHER, _v. n._ To be in a great bustle, S.

    Su. G. _fladdr-a_, id. E. _flutter_.

~Fluther~, _s._ Hurry, bustle, S.

  _A. Douglas._


FLUTHER, _s._ Rise in a river, not so great as a spate, S. B.

V. ~Flodder.~


FOAL, _s._ A bannock or cake, any soft and thick bread, Orkn.

    Belg. _bol_, a small loaf.


FOCHE, _s._ A pretence.

  _Diallog._

    Su. G. _puts_, a fetch, techna.


FODE, FOODE, FWDE, _s._ Brood.

  _Ritson._

    Su. G. _affoeda_, id. from _foed-a_, gignere.


FODGEL, _adj._ Squat and plump, S. O.

  _Burns._

    Teut. _voedsel_, Isl. _faedsla_, cibus.


FOG, FOUGE, _s._ Moss, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Dan. _fug_, mossiness.

_To_ ~Fog~, _v. n._ To be covered with moss, S.

  _Pennecuik._

~Foggit~, _adj._ Supplied with moss; metaph. supplied in any respect;
_weel-foggit_, well-furnished, S.

  _Shirrefs._

~Foggie~, _adj._

1. Mossy, S.

  _A. Douglas._

2. Dull, lumpish.

  _Z. Boyd._

_To_ ~Fog~, _v. a._ To eat heartily, S. B.


FOGGIE, _s._ An invalid, or garrison soldier, S.

    Su. G. _fogde_, formerly, one who had the charge of a garrison.


FOY, _s._

1. An entertainment given to one about to leave any place of residence,
or go abroad, S.

  _Morison._

2. Metaph., as equivalent to wishing one a good journey.

    Belg. _de fooi geeven_, Sw. _dricka foi_, coenam profectitiam dare.


FOYNYIE, FUNYIE, _s._ The wood-martin, or beech-martin, S.

  _K. Quair._

    Fr. _fouine_, id.


FOIR GRANDSYR, Great-grandfather.

  _Acts Ja. I._


FOISON, FUSIOUN, _s._

1. Abundance.

    Fr. _foison_, id.

  _Barbour._

2. Pith, ability, S.

  _Ross._

~Foisonless~, _adj._ Without strength, S.

  _Kelly._


FOLD, _s._ Ground.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _folde_, id.


FOLY, _adj._ Belonging to fools.

  _Doug._

    Su. G. _fiollig_, foolish.

~Foliful~, _adj._ Foolish.

  _Complaynt S._


FON, FONE, _s. pl._ Foes.

  _K. Quair._


_To_ FON, _v. n._ To play the fool.

  _Lyndsay._

    O. E. _fonne_, id.; Isl. _faan-a_, fatue se gerere.

_To_ ~Fone~, _v. a._ To fondle.

  _Peblis Play._


_To_ FONDE, FOUND, _v. a._

1. To go.

  _Barbour._

2. _To found off_, to go from.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _fund-ian_, tendere.


FONERIT, L. _seuerit_.

  _Dunbar._


FONNED, _adj._ Prepared; _ill-fonned_, ill-prepared, Ang.

    A. S. _fund-ian_, disponere.


FOOLYIE, _s._ Gold leaf, S.

    Belg. _foeli_.


FOOR-DAYS.

V. ~Furedays~.


_To_ FOOT, _v. a._ To strike with the _foot_, Ang.


FOR, an inseparable particle, which implies negation, excess, intension,
or vitiation.


FOR, _conj._ Because.

  _Wyntown._


FOR, _prep._ Denoting quality.

    Su. G. _foer_, id.


FOR, _prep._ Against.

    A. S. id.

  _Barbour._


FORAT, _adv._ Forward, S.

  _J. Nicol._


FORAIVERT, _part. pa._ Much fatigued, S. B.


FORBEFT, _part. pa._ In great perturbation.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _for_, and _beof-ian_, trepidare.


FORBEIT, _pret._ L. _forleit_.

  _Dunbar._


FORBY, _prep._

1. Past.

  _Barbour._

2. Over and above.

  _Bellenden._

    Su. G. _foerbi_, Dan. _forbie_, by, past.

~Forby~, ~Forebye~, _adv._

1. Past.

  _Minst. Bord._

2. Besides, S.

  _Burel._


FORBLED, _part. pa._ Faint, from loss of blood.

  _Douglas._


FORBODIN, _part. pa._

1. Forbidden.

  _R. Bruce._

2. Unlawful.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _forbiod-an_, to forbid.

3. Unhappy, S.

  _Ruddiman._


FORBREIST, _s._

1. Forepart of a garment.

  _Douglas._

2. Van of an army.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _fore-breost_, thorax.


FORCEAT, _s._ A galley-slave.

  _Hudson._

    Fr. _forçat_, id.


FORCY,

V. ~Forsye~.


FORCHASIT, _part. pa._ Overchased.

  _K. Hart._


FOR-CRYIT, _part. pa._ Worn out with crying.

    Belg. _verkryt-en_, id.

  _Dunbar._


FORD, _s._

1. Way.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _fort_, via communis.

2. Metaph. means to attain an end.

  _Wallace._


FORDEIFIT, _part. pa._ Deafened.

  _Pal. Hon._


FORDEL, _s._

1. The precedence.

  _Doug._

    Teut. _veur-deel_, primae partes.

2. Progress, S. B.

    Teut. _veur-deel_, promotio.

~Fordel~, _adj._ Prepared, Ang.

~Fordals~, _s. pl._ Stock not exhausted, Buchan.


FORDELYD, _part. pa._ Wasted.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _fordilg-ian_, delere, obruere.


_To_ FORDER, _v. a._ To forward, S.

    Su. G. _fordr-a_, id.

~Fordersum~, _adj._ Expeditious, S. B.

  _Ramsay._


FORDYD, _pret._ Destroyed.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _fordo-n_, to waste.


_To_ FORDYN, _v. a._ To resound.

  _Doug._

    _For_ intens. and A. S. _dyn-an_, strepere.

_To_ ~Fordyn~, _v. n._ To overpower with noise.

  _Douglas._


FORDOUERIT, _part. pa._ Stupified.

    Teut. _verdoor-en_, infatuare.

  _Doug._


_To_ FORDRIUE, _v. a._ To drive out of the right course.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _fordrif-an_, abripere.


FORDRUNKIN, _part. pa._ Very drunk.

    A. S. _for-drenc-an_, inebriare.

  _Doug._


FORDULLIT, _part. pa._ Greatly confused.

  _Pal. Hon._


FORDWARD, FORDWART, FORTHWART, _s._ A paction.

    A. S. _for-word_, pactum.

  _Wallace._


FORDWARTE, _adv._ Forward.

  _Doug._


FORDWEBLIT, _part. adj._ Greatly enfeebled, S. B.

V. ~Dwable~.

  _Pop. Ball._


FORE, _prep._ Signifying priority.

_To the fore._

1. Still remaining or surviving, S.

  _Wodrow._

2. Saved as a stock, S.

  _Baillie._

3. Having the start of, S.

  _Baillie._


FORE, _s._ Help, furtherance, S.


FORE-ANENT, FORNENCE, FORNENS, FORNENTIS, FORNENT, _prep._ Directly
opposite to, S.

  _Bellenden._


FOREBEARIS, _s. pl._ Ancestors, S.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _fore_, and _bear-an_, to bring forth.


FORECASTEN, _part. pa._ Neglected.

  _Rutherford._

    Su. G. _foerkast-a_, abjicere.


FORGANE, FOREGAINST, _prep._ Opposite to.

  _Douglas._


FOREHANDIT, _adj._ Rash, S. B.


FORELDERIS, _s. pl._ Ancestors.

    Su. G. _foeraeldrar_, id.

  _Wyntown._


FORENAIL'D, _part. pa._ Applied to money which is spent before it be
gained.

    Teut. _verniel-en_, consumere.


FORENICHT, _s._ The interval between twilight and bed-time, S.

    Teut. _veur-nacht_, prima pars noctis.


FORESKIP, _s._ Precedence of another in a journey, S. B.


FORESPEAKER, _s._ An advocate.

    A. S. _forespeca_, prolocutor.

  _Reg. Maj._


FORESTAM, _s._

1. Prow of a ship.

  _Douglas._

2. The forehead, S. B.

  _Ruddiman._

    Su. G. _stamm_, pars navis prima.


FORETERES, _s._ Fortress.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FORFAIR, _v. a._ To waste.

  _Reg. Maj._

_To_ ~Forfair~, ~Forfar~, _v. n._ To perish.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _forfar-an_, perdere, perire.

~Forfairn~, _part. pa._

1. Forlorn, S.

  _Ross._

2. Old-fashioned, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. Worn out, jaded, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ FORFALT, FORFAULT, _v. a._ To attaint.

  _Bellenden._

~Forfalt~, _s._ Forfeiture.

  _Bellenden._

~Forfaultrie~, _s._ Forfeiture.

  _Baillie._


FORFANT, _adj._ Overcome with faintness.

  _Burel._


FORFLITTEN, _part. pa._ Severely scolded.

  _Gl. Sibb._


FORFOUCHT, FORFOUCHTEN, _part. pa._

1. Exhausted with fighting.

    Belg. _vervecht-en_, id.

  _Wallace._

2. Greatly fatigued.

  _Sir Egeir._


_To_ FORGADER, FORGATHER, _v. n._

1. To convene.

  _Douglas._

2. To meet in a hostile manner.

  _Pitscottie._

3. To meet accidentally, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. To be united in marriage, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _ver-gaeder-en_, congregare, convenire.


FORGANE,

V. ~Foregainst.~


FORGEIT, _pret._ Let fly.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    A. S. _forga-n_, dimittere.


FORGETTIL, _adj._ Forgetful, S. B.

    A. S. _forgytel_, id.


_To_ FORHOW, _v. a._ To forsake, S. B.

    A. S. _forhog-ian_, spernere.

  _Douglas._

~Forhoware~, _s._ A deserter.

  _Douglas._


FORJESKET, _part. pa._ Jaded, S.

  _Burns._

    Dan. _for_ and _jask-er_, to rumple.


FORINGIT, _part. pa._ Banished.

    Fr. _forain_.

  _King's Quair._


FORJIDGED, _part. pa._ Same with _forjeskit_, S. B.

    O. Fr. _forjug-er_, to condemn wrongfully.


FORK. _To stick a fork in the waw_, to throw the pains of a woman in
labour on her husband, S.


FORKY, _adj._ Strong.

  _Dunbar._


FOR-KNOKIT, _part. pa._ Worn out with knocking.


_To_ FORLAY, _v. n._ To lie in ambush.

    Teut. _verlaegh-en_, insidiari.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ FORLANE, _v. a._ To give.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Su. G. _foerlaen-a_, donare.


FORLAINE, _part. pa._ Left alone.

    A. S. _forlaeg-an_, negligi.

  _Henrysone._


FORLANE, _part. pa._ Lain with carnally.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _forleg-an_, fornicata est.


FORLANE, _adj._ Importunate.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _foerlaegen_, solicitus.


_To_ FORLEIT, FORLETE, _v. a._ To forsake.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    A. S. _forlaet-an_, Su. G. _foerlaet-a_, id.


_To_ FORLEITH, _v. a._ To loath, S. A.

    Teut. _ver-leed-en_, fastidire.

  _Gl. Sibb._

~Forlethie~, _s._ A surfeit, S. B.

  _Journ. Lond._


_To_ FORLY, _v. a._ To lie with carnally.

    A. S. _forlig-an_, fornicari.

  _Barbour._


FOR-LYIN, _part. pa._ Fatigued with lying too long in bed.

  _King's Quair._

    Teut. _verleghen_, fessus.


FORLYNE, _part. pa._

V. ~Forly~.


_To_ FORLOIR, _v. n._ To become useless, from languor.

  _Dunbar._

~Forlore~, _part. pa._ Forlorn.

    A. S. _forleor-an_, perdere.


FORLOPPIN, _part. pa._ Fugitive.

    Teut. _verloop-en_, to run away.

  _Doug._


FORMEKIL, _adj._ Very great.

  _Douglas._


FORMOIS, _adj._ Beautiful.

  _Lyndsay._

    Lat. _formos-us_.


FORNE. _To forne_, _adv._ Formerly.

    A. S. _forne_, prius.

  _Douglas._


FORNENT, _prep._ Concerning.

  _Watson._


FOROUCH, FOROUTH, _prep._ Before, as to time.

  _Barbour._


FOROUTH, FORROW, A ~forrow~, _adv._

1. Before, as to time.

  _Dunbar._

2. Before, as to place.

  _Barbour._

    Germ. _vorig_, prior, Sw. _foerut_, before.

~Forowsein~, Foreseen.

  _Barbour._


FOROWT, FOROWTYN, _prep._

1. Without.

  _Barbour._

2. Besides.

  _Wyntown._

    Sw. _foerutan_, absque; praeter.


FORPET, _s._ The _fourth part_ of a peck, S.

  _Ritson._


FOR-PLEYNIT, _part. pa._ Worn out with complaining.

  _King's Quair._


_To_ FORRAY, _v. a._ To pillage.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _fourrag-er_, to ravage.

~Forray~, _s._

1. The act of foraging.

  _Barbour._

2. A predatory excursion.

  _Wallace._

3. The party employed in carrying off the prey.

  _Wallace._

4. The prey itself.

  _Wyntown._

3. Advanced guard of an army.

  _Wyntown._

~Forreouris~, _s. pl._ A foraging party.

    O. Fr. _forrier_.

  _Wallace._


FORRET, _s._

1. Forehead.

  _Douglas._

2. Metaph., the brow of a hill.

  _Douglas._


FORRET, _adv._ Forward, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ FORREW, _v. n._ To repent exceedingly. _Forrwyd_, pret.

  _Wyntown._


FORRYDAR, _s._ One who rides before an armed party.

    Sw. _foerridare_.

  _Wallace._


FORROWN, FORRUN, _part. pa._ Exhausted with _running_.

  _Wallace._


FORS, FORSS, _s._ A current.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _fors_, cataracta fluminis.


_To_ FORS, _v. n._ To care.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _faire force_, id.


FORS, FORCE, _s._ Necessity. _Off fors_, _on force_, of necessity.

  _Douglas._


FORSAMEKILL, _conj._ For as much.

  _Stat. Dav. II._


FORSCOMFIST, _part. pa._

1. Overcome with heat, S.

V. ~Scomfist~.

2. Nearly suffocated by a bad smell, S.


_To_ FORSET, _v. a._

1. To overpower with work, S.

2. To surfeit, S.

    Teut. _ver-saet-en_, obsaturare.

~Forset~, _s._

1. The act of overpowering, S.

2. A surfeit, S.


FORSEL, _s._ A matt for defending a horse's back, Orkn.

    Su. G. _foer_, before, and Isl. _sile_, the handle of the dorsets.


FORSY, FORCY, FORSS, _adj._ Powerful. Superl. _forseast_.

  _Wallace._


FORSLITTIN, _part. pa._ L. _forflittin_, scolded to excess.

  _Philotus._


_To_ FORSPEAK, _v. a._

1. To injure, according to vulgar superstition, by immoderate praise, S.
 O. E.

  _Gl. Sibb._

2. To consecrate by charms.

Hence, _Fore-spoken water_, Orkn.

    Belg. _voorspook_, an omen.

  _Brand._

~Forespeaking~, _s._ Such commendation as is supposed thus to injure the
person or thing spoken of, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ FORSTÁ, _v. a._ To understand, S.

    Su. G. _foersta-n_, id.

  _Ross._


FORSTARIS, _s._ A female inhabitant of a forest.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FORSURNE, _v. a._ To spend.

    Teut. _versorg-en_, curare.

  _K. Hart._


FORSWIFTIT, _part. pa._ Strayed.

  _Douglas._

    Sw. _foer_, intensive, and _swaef-a_, to wander.


FORTAIVERT, _part. pa._ Much fatigued, S.


FORTHENS, _adv._ At a distance.

  _Doug._


FORTHERSUM, FORDERSUM, _adj._

1. Rash; S. B.

  _Ross._

2. Forward in manner, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. Of an active disposition, S. B.


FORTHGENG, _s._ The entertainment given when a bride leaves her father's
house, Ang.

    A. S. _forthgang_, exitus.


FOR-THI, FORTHY, _conj._ Therefore.

    A. S. id.

  _Wyntown._

_Nocht for thi_, nevertheless.

  _Barbour._


FORTHY, _adj._ Forward.

  _Pitscottie._


_To_ FORTHINK, _v. a._ To repent of.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _forthenc-an_, perperam cogitare de.

~Forethinking~, _s._ Repentance.

  _Z. Boyd._


FORTHYR, _s._ Furtherance.

  _Wallace._


FORTY, _adj._ Brave.

    Fr. _fort_.

  _Douglas._


FORTHWART, _s._ Precaution.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _forward_, id.


FORTRAVALIT, FORTRAWAILLYT, _part. pa._ Greatly fatigued, S.

  _Barbour._


_To_ FORVAY, FORUEY, FORWAY, _v. n._ To go astray.

  _Douglas._

_For_ negat. and _way_.

~Forway~, _s._ An error.

  _Douglas._


FORWAKIT, _part. pa._ Worn out with watching, S.

    Belg. _vervaakt_.

  _Wyntown._


FORWALLOUIT, _part. pa._ Greatly faded by reason of sickness, fatigue,
&c., S.

  _King's Quair._


FORWARD, _s._ Paction.

V. ~Fordward~.

  _Sir Tristrem._


FORWEPIT, _part. pa._ Worn out with _weeping_.

  _King's Quair._


FORWONDRYT, _part. pa._ Greatly surprised.

  _Barbour._


FORWORTHIN, _part. pa._ Execrable.

    A. S. _for-weorth-an_, perire.

  _Dunbar._


FORWROCHT, _part. pa._ Overtoiled.

    Belg. _verwerkt_, id.

  _Douglas._


FORYAWD, _part. adj._ Worn out with fatigue, Loth., perhaps for
_foryede_, q. over-walked.


_To_ FORYEILD, _v. a._ To recompense.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _for-geild-an_, compensare.


FORYEING, _part. pr._ Foregoing.

    A. S. _forga-n_, praeire.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ FORYET, FORYHET, _v. a._ To forget, S. B.

  _Wyntown._


FORYOUDENT, _adj._ Overcome with weariness, Ang., perhaps q.
over-yielded.


FOS, FOSS, _s._ Pit for drowning.

V. ~Pit~.


FOSSA, _s._ Grass growing among stubble, Ang.

    L. B. _fossae_.


FOSTEL, _s._ A cask.

  _King Hart._

    Fr. _fustaille_, id.


FOSTER, _s._ Progeny, Sw. id.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ FOTCH, FOUTCH, FOCH, _v. a._

1. To change situation.

  _R. Bruce._

2. To shift horses in a plough.

3. To exchange in any way, S. B.

_To_ ~Fotch~, _v. n._ To flinch.

  _Evergreen._

    Isl. _fetta_, retrorsum flectere.


FOTHYR, _s._ A cart-load.

V. ~Fudder~.


FOU, _s._ A pitch-fork.

  _Buchan._


FOUD, _s._ The president of the Supreme Court formerly held in the
Orkney Islands.

  _Barry._

    Su. G. _fogde_, _fougte_, praefectus.


FOUL, _adj._ Wet, rainy, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ FOUND, _v. n._ To go.

V. ~Fonde~.


_To_ FOUNDER, _v. a._ To fell, S.


FOUNE, _adj._ Belonging to fawns.

  _Doug._


FOURHOURS, _s._ The time of drinking tea; _four_ being the ancient
_hour_ for the afternoon beverage, S.

  _Watson._


FOURNEUKIT, _adj._ Quadrangular, S.

  _Bellenden._


FOURSOM, used as a _s._, four in company, Lanerks.

  _King Hart._


FOUSEE, FOUSY, _s._ A ditch.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _fossé_.


_To_ FOUTCH, _v. a._ To exchange.

V. ~Fotch~.

~Foutch~, _s._ An exchange, S. B.


FOUTH, FOWTH, _s._ Abundance, S.

    Q. _fulth_, or Teut. _vulte_, id.

  _Douglas._

~Fouth~, _adj._ Abundant.

  _Kelly._


FOUTY, FUTIE, _adj._ Mean, base, S.

    Fr. _foutu_, a scoundrel.

  _Hamilton._


FOUTTOUR, FOUTRE, _s._ A term expressive of the greatest contempt, S.

    Fr. _foutre_, to lecher.

  _Lyndsay._


FOW, FU', _adj._

1. Full, S.

  _Diallog._

2. Saturated with food, S.

  _Kelly._

3. Drunk, S.

    Su. G. _full_, id.

  _Ross._


FOW, _s._ A club; Fr. _fût_.

  _Priests Peblis._

~Half-fow~, _adj._ Fuddled, S.

    Sw. _half-full_.


FOWE ~and~ GRIIS, different kinds of fur.

  _Sir Tristrem._


FOWMARTE, _s._ A polecat, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    O. Fr. _ful_, fetid, and _merder_, a martin.


FOWSUM, FOUSUM, _adj._

1. Luscious, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. Obscene, gross.

  _Chron. S. P._

3. Nauseous, E. _fulsome_.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _ful_, impurus, obscoenus, and _sum_.

~Fowsumlie~, _adv._ Loathsomely large.

  _Bellenden._


FOWSUM, _adj._ Somewhat too large, S. B. from _fow_, full.


_To_ FOX, _v. n._ To dissemble.

  _Baillie._

    Isl. _fox-a_, fallere.


_To_ FOZE, _v. n._ To become mouldy, Perths. E. _fust_.


FOZY, _adj._

1. Spungy, porous, S.

2. Applied to one who is _purfled_, or _blawn up_, S. B.

3. Deficient in understanding, S. B.

    A. S. _wosig_, humidus, Teut. _voos_, spongiosus.


FRA, FRAY, FRAE, _prep._ From, S.

  _Douglas._

2. From the time that.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. Isl. _fra_, ab, ex.

~Fra~, _conj._ Since, seeing, S.

  _Barbour._


FRAAT, _conj._ Nevertheless, corr. of _for a' that_, S.

  _Ross._


FRACK, FRAK, FRECK,

1. Ready, active.

  _Diallog._

~Frakly~, _adv._ Hastily.

  _Douglas._

2. Vigorous, though advanced in life, S. B.

3. Open, ingenuous.

  _Pitscottie._

_To_ ~maik frack~, to make ready.

  _Knox._

    Su. G. _fraeck_, Isl. _frek-r_, strenuus, citus.

_To_ ~Frak~, _v. n._ To move swiftly.

  _Doug._


FRACTIOUS, _adj._ Peevish, fretful, S.

    Lat. _fractus_.


FRAGALENT, _adj._ Advantageous, Ang.


_To_ FRAY, _v. n._ To be afraid.

  _Baillie._

~Fray~, _s._ Fear.

    Fr. _effray_.

  _Baillie._


FRAYDANT, _adj._ Ill-humoured.

  _Maitland P._

    A. S. _freoth-an_, to fret, to chafe.


FRAYING, _s._ Friction.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _fray-er_, to rub.


FRAYIT, _part. pa._ Afraid.

V. ~Fray~.


_To_ FRAIK, _v. n._ To flatter, Ang.

  _A. Douglas._

~Fraik, Fraiken~, _s._

1. Flattery, S.

2. Fond discourse, having the appearance of flattery, Fife.

  _A. Douglas._


FRAIL, _s._ Expl. _flail_.

  _J. Nicol._


_To_ FRAIS, _v. n._ To crash.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _fraes-a_, stridere.


FRAISE, _s._ A cajoling discourse, S.


FRAISE, _s._ The pluck of a calf, S.

    Teut. _frase_, Fr. _fraise_, id.


_To_ FRAIST, FRASTYN, FREST, FRESTIN, _v. a._ To try, to prove.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _frest-a_, Isl. _freist-a_, id.


_To_ FRAME, _v. n._ To succeed.

  _Wodrow._

    A. S. _frem-ian_, prodesse.


FRANCHIS, _s._ Sanctuary.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _franchise_.


_To_ FRANE, FRAYN, _v. a._ To inquire.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _fraegn-ian_, Isl. _fregn-a_, interrogare.

~Frane~, _s._ Inquiry.

  _Chron. S. P._


_To_ FRATE, _v. n._ To chafe by friction.

    Su. G. _fraet-a_, to gnaw.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FRAUCHT, FRAWCHT, _v. a._ To freight, S.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

    Teut. _vracht-en_, vectare, Sax. _fracht-en_.

~Fraught~, ~Frawcht~, _s._

1. Freight of a vessel, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. The fare, S.

    Teut. _vracht_.

  _Kelly._

~Frauchtisman~, _s._ One who has the charge of loading a vessel.

  _Acts Ja. III._


FRAWART, FRAWARTIS, _prep._ From.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _fra_, and _weard_, denoting place.


FRAWFULL, _adj._ Perhaps, malapert.

    A. S. _fraefel_, praecox.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ FRE, _v. n._ To inquire.

  _Maitland P._

    Su. G. _fra_, Isl. _frae_, id.


FRE, _adj._ Noble.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _freo_, ingenuus.


FRE, _adj._ Beautiful.

  _Wyntown._

    O.  Su. G. _fri_, pulcher.

~Fre~, _s._ A lady, from the adj.

  _Maitland P._


_To_ FREATH, _v. n._ To froth, S.

  _Burns._

_To_ ~Freath~, _v. a._ To work up into froth, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Freath~, _s._ Froth, S.

    Dan. _fraade_, spuma.


FRECHURE, _s._ Coolness.

  _Chron. S. P._

    Fr. _fraischure_, id.


FRECK, _adj._

V. ~Frack~.


FREDFULL, _adj._ Read _frendfull_, Friendly.

  _Wallace._


FREE, _adj._

1. Brittle, S. B.

2. Applied to corn which is so ripe as to be easily shaken, S. B.


_To_ FREESK, _v. a._ To scratch, to curry, Ang.

~Freesk~, _s._ A hasty rub; metaph. any work done expeditiously, Ang.


FREFF, _adj._ Shy, reserved, Roxb.


FREIK, FREKE, FRICK, _s._

1. A strong man.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _fraeck_, strenuus.

2. A petulant young man.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _fraeck_, tumidus, insolens.


FREIRIS, _s._ A friary.

  _Bellenden._

    O. Fr. _frairies_, id.


_To_ FREITH, FRETH, _v. a._ To protect.

    A. S. _frith-ian_, id.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FREITH, _v. a._ To liberate.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _ge-frith-ian_, id.


FREIT, FREET, FRET, _s._ A superstitious notion, with respect to any
thing as a good or bad omen, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. A superstitious observance, a charm, S.

  _K. Ja. VI._

3. Any act of worship, proceeding from superstition.

  _More._

4. _To stand on frets_, to stickle at trifles, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _fraett_, _frett_, an omen or oracle.

~Freitty~, ~Fretty~, _adj._ Superstitious, S.


FRELAGE, _s._ Freedom.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _frilatz_, free.


FRELY, _Frely fute_, Noble woman.

V. ~Fode~.

    A. S. _freolic_, liberalis.

  _Barbour._

~Frely~, _s._ A beautiful woman; the _adj._ used as a _s._

  _Wallace._


FRELY, FREELY, _adv._ Entirely, S.

  _Dunbar._


FREMYT, FREMMYT, FRAMET, _adj._

1. Strange, foreign, S.

2. Acting like a stranger, S.

  _Kelly._

3. Having no relation, S.

  _Ruddiman._

4. Unlucky, adverse.

  _King's Quair._

    A. S. _fremd_, Moes. G. _framathja_, peregrinus.

~Fremmitness~, _s._ Strangeness.

  _Maitland P._


FRENCH-GOWS, _s. pl._ Perhaps _gauze_.

  _Watson._


FREND, FRIEND, _s._

1. A relation, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. One allied by marriage, S.

  _Kelly._

    Su. G. _fraende_, a kinsman.


FRENYIE, _s._ A fringe.

  _S. P. Repr._

    Teut. _frengie_, id.


_To_ FRENN, _v. n._ To rage, Ang.

~Frennisin~, _s._ Rage, Ang.

    Fr. _phrenesie_.


FRENSCHLY, _adv._ Frankly.

  _Douglas._


FRENSWM, _adj._ Friendly.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ FREQUENT, _v. a._ To acquaint, Ang.


FREQUENT, _adj._ Great, as denoting concourse.

  _Baillie._

~Frequently~, _adv._ Numerously.

  _Baillie._


FRER, FRERE, Fr. _s._ A frier.

  _Wyntown._


FRESH, _adj._ Open, opposed to _frosty_, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


FRESH, _s._ A slight flood in a river, S.

  _Law Case._


FRESON, _s._ A Frisic steed; Fr. _frison_.

  _Sir Gawan._


_To_ FREST, FRESTIN.

V. ~Fraist~.


FREST, _s._ Delay.

  _Barbour._

    Su. G. _frest_, temporis intervallum.


_To_ FRET, _v. a._ To devour.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _fret-an_.


FRET, _s._ A superstition.

V. ~Freit~.


FRETHIT, _part. pa._ Liberated.

V. ~Freith~.


FREUCH, FREWCH, FROOCH, (gutt.) _adj._

1. Frail, brittle, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

2. Dry; applied to corn, Ang.

    Su. G. _fraekn_, friabilis.

  _Pal. Hon._


FREUALT, L. _Seruall_, servile.

  _Wallace._


FREWALL, _adj._

1. Frivolous.

  _Act. Conc._

2. Used in the sense of _fickle_.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _frevel_.


FREWP, _s._ Perhaps, frippery.

  _Houlate._


FREZELL, _s._ An iron instrument for striking fire.

  _Z. Boyd._


FRY, _s._ A tumult, S. B. _fray_, E.

  _Ross._


FRIDOUND, _pret. v._ Quavered.

  _Montgomerie._

    Fr. _fredonn-er_, to quaver.


FRIED CHICKENS, Chicken-broth with eggs dropped in it, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


FRIEND-STEAD, _adj._ Possessing a friend.

  _Rutherford._


FRIGGIS, _s. pl._ Perhaps, q. _frekis_, stout men.

  _Chr. Kirk._


FRYME, L. _signe_.

  _Houlate._


FRIM-FRAM, _s._ Trifle.

  _Presb. Eloq._


_To_ FRIST, _v. a._

1. To delay.

    Isl. _frest-a_.

  _Rutherford._

2. To give on credit, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

~Frist~, ~Fristing~, _s._

1. Delay.

  _Rutherford._

    Isl. _frest-r_, Germ. _frist_, id.

2. _To frist_, _afrist_, on credit.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


FRYST, _adj_ First.

  _Barbour._


FRITTE, _s._ Perhaps, protection; Germ. _friede_.

  _Houlate._


FROATH-STICK, _s._ A stick for whipping cream, S. B.

  _Watson's Coll._


FRODY, _adj._ L. _frelie_.

  _Lyndsay._


FROG, _s._ An upper coat.

  _Barbour._

    O. Flem. _frock_, suprema vestis.


_To_ FROG, _v. n._ To snow or sleet at intervals, Ang.

~Frog~, _s._ A flying shower of snow or sleet, Ang.

  _Lyndsay._


FROG, _s._ A young horse.

  _Buchan._


_To_ FRONT, _v. n._ Applied to meat, when it swells in boiling, Ang.


FROUNSIT, _part. pa._ Wrinkled.

    Fr. _frons-er_, to wrinkle.

  _Henrysone._


FROW, _s._ A lusty female, S.

    Germ. _fraw_, Belg. _vrowe_, a woman.


FROWDIE, _s._ A big lusty woman, S. B.

    Sw. _frodig_, plump.


FROWDIE, _s._ A cap worn by old women, Ang.

    Su. G. _fru-tyg_, a lady's cap.


FRUCTUOUS, _adj._ Fruitful.

  _Douglas._


FRUNTY, FRONTY, _adj._ Free in manner, Fife.

  _A. Douglas._

    Fr. _effronté_, overbold.


_To_ FRUSCH, FRWSCH, _v. a._

1. To dash.

  _Douglas._

2. To break in pieces.

  _Barbour._

3. To overthrow.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _froiss-er_, to dash.

_To_ ~Frusch~, _v. n._ To break.

  _Wallace._

~Frusch, Frush~, _adj._. Brittle, S.

    Teut. _broosch_, fragilis.

  _Minst. Bord._

~Frusch~, s. Breaking.

  _Barbour._


_To_ FRUSTIR, _v. a._ To render useless.

    Fr. _frustr-er_, id.

  _Dunbar._

~Frustir~, _adj._

1. Frustrated.

  _Wallace._

2. Vain, empty.

  _Dunbar._


FUD, FUDE, _s._

1. The matrix.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _foth_, Isl. _fud_, id.

2. The backside, S. B.

  _Ritson._

3. A hare or rabbit's brush, S.

  _Burns._


FUDDER, FOTHYR, FUTHIR, FIDDER, _s._

1. A large quantity; a cart-load.

  _Barbour._

2. A certain weight of lead.

  _Skene._

3. A great number.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    A. S. _fother_, a wain-load.


FUDDER, _s._ Lightning.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _foudre_, id.


FUDDY, _s._ A designation given to the wind, Aberd.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

    Isl. _fud-r_, motus; or _hwida_, aer.

~Fuddum~, _s._ Drift at intervals, Ang.


FUDGIE, _adj._ Gross, Loth.

V. ~Fodgel~.


To FUF, FUFF, _v. n._ To puff, S.

  _Doug._

    Germ. _pfuffen_, id.

_To_ ~Fuff~, _v. a._ To blow intermittently, S.

  _Burns._

~Fuff~, _s._ A puff, S.

  _Lyndsay._

~Fuffars~, _s. pl._ Bellows, Ang.


_To_ FUFFLE, _v. a._ To put any thing in disorder, S.

    Isl. _fipla_, contrectare.


FUGE, _s._ Perhaps, a kind of pick-axe.

    Fr. _fouaige_, id.

  _K. Hart._


FUGÉ, FUGIE, _adj._ Fugitive.

  _Doug._

~Fugé~, ~Fugie~, _s._

1. A fugitive, S.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

2. One who flies from the fight, S.

  _Brand._


FUISH, _pret._ Fetched, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ FULE, _v. n._ To play the fool.

  _Barbour._


FULYE, _s._

1. A leaf.

  _Douglas._

2. Leaf gold, S.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Fr. _feuille_, id.


_To_ FULYIE, _v. a._ To defile.

  _Bellenden._

~Fulyie~, _s._

1. The dung of a town, S.

  _Act Sedt._

2. Transferred to manure.

  _Kelly._

~Fulyear~, s. One who pollutes.

  _Bellenden._


FULLYERY, _s._ Leaved work.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Fr. _fueill-er_, to foliate.


FULLELY, _adv._ Fully.

  _Barbour._


FULMAR, _s._ A species of petrel.

  _Martin._


FUMART.

V. ~Fowmarte~.


FUMLER, _s._ _Caik fumler_, a parasite.

  _Douglas._


_To_ FUNDY, FUNNY, _v. n._ To become stiff with cold.

  _Ramsay._


FUNDYN, _part. pa._

1. Found.

  _Barbour._

2. Supplied.

  _Id._

    A. S. _find-an_, suppeditare.


FUNYIE, _s._ A polecat.

V. ~Foyn~.


_To_ FUNK, _v. a._

1. To strike, S.

2. To kick behind, S.

~Funk~, _s._

1. A stroke, S.

2. A kick, S.

3. Ill humour, Loth.

    Teut. _in de fonck zijn_, turbari.


FUR, FURE, FEURE, _s._

1. A furrow, S.

  _Wallace._

~Furlenth~, _s._ The length of a furrow.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. What resembles a furrow.

  _Douglas._

    Dan. _fur_, A. S. _furh_, id.


FUR. _pret._

1. Went.

  _Wallace._

2. Fared; as to food.

  _Wallace._


FURC, _s._ Gallows.

V. ~Pit~.


_To_ FURE, _v. a._

1. To carry.

  _Acts Ja. III._

2. To conduct.

  _Bellenden._

    Su. G. _foer-a_, to carry, to lead.


FURE, _pret._ Fared.

    A. S. _for_.

  _Wyntown._


FURE, _adj._ Firm, fresh.

V. ~Fery~.

  _Gl. Sibb._


FURE, _s._ A strong man.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _foer_, fortis.


FURE-DAYS, FUIR-DAYS, FOOR-DAYS.

1. Late in the afternoon, S. B.

    A. S. _forth dages_, die longe provecta.

2. _Fair-fuir days_, broad day-light, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _veur-dagh_, tempus antelucanum.


FURFELLES, _s. pl._ Furred skins.

  _Skene._


FURISINE, _s._ A steel to strike fire with.

  _Bellenden._

    Teut. _vuer_, fire, and _ijser_, steel.


FURK ~and~ FOS, gallows and pit.

    Lat. _furc-a_, _fossa_.

  _O. Chart._


FURLENTH, _s._

V. ~Fur~.


FURLET.

V. ~Firlot~.


FURMAGE, _s._ Cheese; Fr. _fourmage_.

  _Henrysone._


FURME, _s._ A form.

  _Bannatyne P._


_To_ FURROW, _v. a._

V. ~Forray~.

  _Godscroft._


FURSABIL, _adj._ What can be driven away, Fr. _forceable_.

  _Maitland P._


FURSDAY, FURISDAY, _s._ Thursday, S.

  _Act Ja. V._


FURTH. _The muckle furth_, the open air, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._


_To_ FURTHEYET, _v. a._ To pour out.

  _S. P. Repr._

    A. S. _forth-geot-an_, profundere.


FURTHY, _adj._

1. Forward.

  _Sir Egeir._

2. Frank, affable, S.

  _Sax. and Gael._

3. Unabashed.

  _A. Douglas._


_To_ FURTHSCHAW, _v. a._ To manifest.

  _Crosraguell._


FURTH SETTER, _s._ An author.

  _Crosraguell._


FUSH, _pret._ v. Fetched.

  _Ramsay._


FUST, _adj._ Perhaps, at rest.

  _Bannatyne P._


FUTE-ALE, _s._ An entertainment given when a woman first gets out of
bed, after childbirth; pron. _fit-ale_, S.


FUTEBROD, _s._ A footstool, S.

    Moes. G. _fotabord_, id.


FUTE HATE,

1. Straightway; a term borrowed from the chase, q. _hot foot_.

  _Barbour._

2. Closely, accurately.

  _Douglas._

3. Denoting proximity of place.

  _Doug._


FUTIE, _adj._ Mean, S.

V. ~Fouty~.



G


_To_ GA, GAE, _v. n._

1. To go, S.

    A. S. _ga-n_, Isl. _ga_, id.

  _Wallace._

2. _To gae throw_, to bungle, S.

3. _To gae throw_, to waste, S.

4. _To gae_ one's _gait_, to depart, S.

5. _To gae with_, to go to wreck, S.


GAAR, GARR, _s._

1. Vegetable substance in the bed of a river, S. B.

2. Rheum from the eyes, when hardened, S. B.

    A. S. _gor_, coenum.


GAB, _s._

1. The mouth, S.

    Ir. _gob_.

  _Ramsay._

2. The taste, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ GAB, _v. n._

1. To mock.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _gabb-a_, A. S. _gabb-en_, deridere.

2. To prate, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

~Gab~, _s._

1. Prating, S.

2. Entertaining conversation, S.

  _Burns._

~Gabbed~, _adj._ Loquacious, S. B.

_Auld-gabbit_, sagacious, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Gabby~, _adj._

1. Having fluency of speech, S.

  _Hamilton._

2. Loquacious, S.

  _Journal Lond._

~Gabbing~, _s._

1. Mockery.

  _Barbour._

2. Jeering, raillery.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _gabbung_, derisio.


_To_ GABBER, _v. n._ To jabber, S.

    Belg. _gabber-en_, id.


GABBIT, _s._ A fragment, S. B.

    O. E. _gobet_.  Fr. _gob_, a morsel.


GABER, _s._ A lean horse, Stirlings.


GABERLUNYIE, _s._ A wallet that hangs on the loins.

  _Ritson._

~Gaberlunyie-man~, _s._ The man who carries the wallet.

  _Callander._


GABERT, _s._ A lighter, S.

    Fr. _gabare_.

  _Statist. Acc._


GABERTS, _s. pl._

1. A kind of gallows for supporting the wheel of a draw-well, Ang.

2. Three poles of wood, forming an angle at the top, for weighing hay,
Ang.


GAD, GADE, _s._

1. A rod, S.

  _Skene._

2. A spear.

  _Dalyell._

3. A fishing-rod, S. A.

4. A goad.

  _Z. Boyd._

    A. S. _gaad_, _gad_, stimulus.

~Gadwand~, _s._ A goad for driving cattle, S.

  _Douglas._


_To_ GADGE, _v. n._ To talk idly with stupid gravity.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ GADYR, _v. a._ To gather.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _gaeder-an_, id.

~Gaddryng~, _s._ Assembly.

  _Wyntown._


GAE, _s._ The jay, a bird.

  _Burel._


GAF, GAFF, _pret._ Gave.

  _Barbour._


GAFF, _s._ A sort of net.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._


_To_ GAFFAW, _v. n._ To laugh aloud, S.

V. ~Gawf~.

  _Ramsay._

~Gaffaw~, _s._ A loud laugh, S.

V. ~Gawf~.


_To_ GAGOIUN, _v. a._ To ridicule.

    Fr. _gogay-er_, to mock.

  _Godly Ball._


GAY, _adv._ Moderately.

V. ~Gey~.


GAID, _pret._ Went, S.

  _R. Bruce._


GAYN-CUM, _s._ Return.

  _Wyntown._


GAYNIS, _s._ Perh. gaiety.

  _Maitland P._


GAIR, GARE, _s._

1. A triangular piece of cloth inserted at the bottom of a shift or
robe, S. Also _Gore_.

  _Henrysone._

    Isl. _geir_, segmentum panni figura triquetra.

2. A slip of tender fertile grass in a barren situation, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._

~Gaired~, ~Gairy~, _adj._ Having streaks of different colours, S. A
_gairy cow_, a cow thus streaked.

~Gairie-bee~, _s._ Apis terrestris, S.


GAIRDONE, _s._ Perh. for _guerdon_, reward.

  _Henrysone._


GAIRFISH, _s._ The Porpoise, Ang.

  _Statist. Acc._


GAIS, _imperat._ of _Ga_, to go.

  _Wyntown._


GAISHON, _s._

1. A skeleton, Stirl. Dumfr.

  _Hogg._

2. An obstacle or impediment, Fife.

Hence, _ill-gaishon'd_, mischievously disposed, ibid.


GAISLIN, _s._ A young goose, S.

    Su. G. _gaasling_. id.

  _Ferguson._


GAIST, GAST, _s._

1. The soul.

  _Wyntown._

2. A ghost, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _gaste_, Belg. _gheest_.

3. A piece of dead coal, S.


GAIT, GATE, _s._

1. A way, S.

  _Wallace_.

    Su. G.  Isl. _gata_, semita, via.

2. An indefinite space.

  _Wallace._

3. A street, S.

    Su. G. _gata_, id.

  _Burel._

4. A warlike expedition.

  _Gawan and Gol._

5. As an _adv. Sa gat_, so; _How gats_, in what manner; _Thus gatis_,
after this manner; _Mony gatis_, in various ways.

6. _To tak the gait_, to depart, to run away; also, to begin to walk
out, S.

7. _To had the gate_, to prosper.

  _Gl. Ramsay._

~Gatewards~, _adv._ Towards, S. B.


GAIT, _s._ A goat, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _get_, A. S. _gat_, id.


GAIT GLYDIS.

V. ~Glyde~.

  _Maitland P._


_To_ GAIT, _v. a._ To set up sheaves on end, S. B.

    Isl. _gat_, foramen, _gat-a_, perforare.


GAITLING, GYTLING, _s._ An infant, S.

V. ~Get~.

  _Ramsay._


GAKIE, _s._ Venus mercenaria, a shell.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ GALAY, _v. n._ To reel.

  _Barbour._


GALYEARD, GALLIARD, _adj._

1. Sprightly.

  _Douglas._

2. Wanton.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _gaillard_, id.; A. S. _gal_, lascivus.

~Galliard~, _s._ One who is gay, but dissipated.

  _Minst. Bord._

~Galyartlie~, _adv._ In a sprightly manner.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ GALE, GAIL, _v. n._ Applied to the note of the cuckoo.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _gal-a_, to sing; Dan. _gal-er_, to crow.

_To_ ~Galyie~, ~Gallyie~, _v. n._ To roar, to brawl, Ang.

    Su. G. _gaell-a_, Isl. _giall-a_, to vociferate.

~Galyie~, ~Gallyie~, ~Gellie~, _s._ A cry of displeasure, Ang.

    Su. G. _gaell_, vociferatio.


GALLAND, _s._ A young fellow.

V. ~Callan~.


GALLANT, _adj._ Large, S. B.

  _Journ. Lond._


GALLION, _s._ A lean horse, Tweedd.


GALLYTROUGH, _s._ The char, Fife.

  _Statist. Acc._


GALLOWAY, _s._ A horse not more than fourteen hands high, S.


GALLOWS, _s._

1. An elevated station for a view, Loth.

2. Three beams erected in a triangular form, for weighing, S.


GALL WINDE, a gale.

  _Z. Boyd._

    Isl. _gol_, ventus frigidior.


GALNES, _s._ Satisfaction for slaughter.

  _Reg. Maj._

    Gael. _gial_, _geal_, a reparation, and _meas_, estimate.


GAM, _adj._ Gay, sportive.

  _Pal. Hon._

    A. S. _gam-ian_, ludere.


GAM, _s._ A tooth, S. B.

  _Douglas._


GAMALEERIE, _adj._ Tall, raw-boned and awkward, commonly used of a
female, S.; sometimes _gamareerie_.

~Gamaleerie~, _s._ A foolish person, Perths.

    Isl. _gamal-aer_, an old dotard.


GAMBET, _s._ A gambol.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _gambade_, id. from _gambe_, crus.


GAMESONS, _s. pl._ Armour for defending the forepart of the body.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Fr. _gamboison_, a quilted coat.


GAMFLIN, _part. adj._

1. Neglecting work from foolish merriment, S. B.

    Su. G. _gaffla_, to laugh immoderately, or Isl. _giamm_, hilares
facetiae.

2. Spending time in idle talk or dalliance with young men, Ang.


GAMYN, _s._ Game.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _gamen_, id.


GAMP, _adj._ Perhaps, Sportive.

  _Herd._


GALMOUND, GAMOUNT, _s._ A gambol.

V. ~Gambet~.

  _Dunbar._


GAN, _pret._ Began.

  _Barbour._


GANARIS, _s. pl._ Ganders.

  _Houlate._


_To_ GANE, GAYN, _v. n._

1. To be fit.

  _Wallace._

2. To belong to.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _gagn-a_, Isl. _gegn-a_, prodesse.

_To_ ~Gane~, _v. a._

1. To fit, S.

2. To wear with one.

  _Ritson._

3. To suffice, S.

  _Minst. Bord._

~Gane~, ~Gayn~, _adj._

1. Fit, proper, useful. _Gaynest_, superl.

  _Sir Tristrem._

2. Near; applied to a way, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _gen_, utilis; _genwaeg_, via brevior.

~Ganenyng~, _s._ Necessary supply.

  _Lyndsay._


GANE, _s._ The mouth or throat.

  _Doug._

    C. B. _gen_, the mouth.


GANER, _s._ Gander, S.

V. ~Ganaris~.


_To_ GANG, S. ~Geng~, S. B. _v. n._

1. To go.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

2. To go out, S.

  _Lyndsay._

3. To proceed in discourse.

  _Wallace._

4. To walk, opposed to riding, S.

  _Ross._

5. To pass from one state to another.

  _Douglas._

6. To proceed in any course of life.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

7. To have currency, S.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

8. _To gang thegither_, to be married, S.

  _Ross._

9. _To gang to gait_, to go abroad.

  _Philotus._

10. _To gang to the gait_, to set out on a journey, S. B.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _gangan_, from _ga-n_, _gaa-n_, id.

~Gang~, _s._

1. A journey, S. B.

    A. S. _gang_, iter.

2. A walk for cattle, S.

3. As much as one carries at once, S.

4. In composition, a passage. _Throwgang_, an alley.

~Ganging~, _s._ Going.

  _Barbour._

~Ganging Gudes~, moveable goods, S.

~Gangin Graith~, the furniture of a mill which a tenant is bound to
uphold, S.

~Gangar~, ~Genger~, _s._ A walker, S. B.

~Gangarel~, ~Gangrel~, _s._

1. A stroller, Ang.

  _Dunbar._

2. A child beginning to walk, Ang.

  _Ross._

3. Metaph. a novice.

  _Ross._

~Gangarris~, _s. pl._ A cant term for feet.

  _Dunbar._

~Gangdayis~, _s. pl._ Days of perambulation in Rogation week.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _gang-dagas_, Su. G. _gangdagar_.


GANYE, GAINYE, GENYIE, GAYNYHE, _s._

1. An arrow, a javelin.

  _Douglas._

2. An iron gun, opposed to the bow.

  _Wallace._

    Ir. _gain_, arrow; or an abbrev. of Fr. _engin_.


GANIEN, _s._ Rhodomontade, Banffs.

    Isl. _gan-a_, praeceps ruere.


GANYEILD, GENYELL, _s._ A recompence.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _gen_, again, and _gild-an_, to pay.


GANK, _s._ Unexpected trouble, S. B.

  _Ross._


GANSALD, GANSELL, _s._ A severe rebuke, S.

  _Ruddiman._

    Su. G. _gen_, against, and _sael-ia_, to pay.


GANSCH, _s._ A snatch; applied to a dog, S.


_To_ GANT, GAUNT, _v. n._

1. To yawn, S.

  _Kelly._

    A. S. _gan-ian_, Sw. _gan-a_, id.

~Gant, Gaunt~, _s._ A yawn, S.

  _Douglas._


GANTREES, _s._ A stand for ale-barrels, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _gaen_, fermentescere.


GAPPOCKS, _s. pl._ Gobbets.

  _Ritson._

    Isl. _gap-a_, hiare.


GAPUS, _s._ A fool; also _gilly-gapus_, _gilly-gawpy_, and
_gilly-gacus_, S.

    Isl. _gape_, id.

  _Journal Lond._


_To_ GAR, GER, _v. a._

1. To cause, S.

  _Barbour._

2. To force, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _goer-a_, anc. _giaer-a_, facere.


GARB, _s._

1. A young bird, Ang.

2. Metaph. a child, Ang.

    Norw. _gorp_, a raven.


GARDEROB, _s._ Wardrobe.

    Fr.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


GARDEVYANCE, _s._ A cabinet.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _garde de viandes_, a cup-board.


GARDY, _s._ The arm, S. B.

  _Douglas._

    Gael. _gairdain_, id.

~Gardy-chair~, _s._ An elbow chair, Aberd.

  _Journal Lond._


GARDIS, _s. pl._ Yards.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _geard_, a rod.


GARE, _adj._

1. Keen.

  _Douglas._

2. Rapacious.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _gearo_, expeditus.


GARE, _s._ The great auk.

  _Sibbald._

    Isl. _gyr_, id.


GARE, _s._ A stripe of cloth.

V. ~Gair~.


GARNISOUN, _s._

1. A garrison.

  _Doug._

2. A body of armed men.

  _Douglas._


GARRAY, _s._ Preparation.

  _Peblis Play._

    A. S. _geara_, apparatus.


GARRIT, GARRET, GERRET, _s._

1. A watch tower.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _garite_, id.

2. The top of a hill.

  _Ruddiman._

    O. Goth. _wari_, a mountain.

~Garritour~, _s._ The watchman on the battlements of a castle.

  _K. Hart._


GARRON, GERRON, _s._

1. A small horse, S.

    Ir. id. a hackney.

  _Stat. Acc._

2. An old stiff horse, Loth.

3. A tall stout fellow, Ang.

    Ir. _garran_, a strong horse.


GARRON NAILS, Spike nails, S.


GARSON, _s._ An attendant.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Fr. _garçon_, a boy.


GARSTY, _s._ The resemblance of an old dike, Orkn.

    Isl. _gardsto_, locus sepimenti.


GARSUMMER, _s._ Gossamer.

  _Watson._


GART, GERT, _pret._ of ~Gar~, ~Ger~.


GARTANE, _s._ A garter, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

    Gael. _gairtein_, id.


GARTEN BERRIES, Bramble berries.

  _Gl. Sibb._


GARTH, _s._

1. An inclosure.

  _Wallace._

2. A garden.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _geard_, used in both senses.


GARVIE, _s._ The sprat, a fish, S. _Garvock_, Inverness.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ GASH, _v. n._

1. To talk a great deal in a confident way, S.

2. To talk pertly, or insolently, S.

3. To talk freely and fluently, S. synon, _gab_.

  _Burns._

    Fr. _gauss-er_, to gibe.  Roquefort gives O. Fr. _gas_, _gaz_, as
merely a variation of _gab_, plaisanterie, moquerie.

~Gash~, _s._

1. Prattle, S. synon. _gab_.

2. Pert language, S.

~Gash~, _adj._

1. Shrewd in conversation, sagacious, S.

  _Watson._

2. Lively and fluent in discourse, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. Having the appearance of sagacity conjoined with that of
self-importance, S.

  _Burns._

4. Trim, respectably dressed, S.

  _R. Galloway._


GASH, _s._ A projection of the under jaw, S.

_To_ ~Gash~, _v. n._

1. To project the under jaw, S.

2. To distort the mouth in contempt, S.

    Fr. _gauche_, awry; _gauch-ir_, to writhe.


GAST, _s._ A gust of wind, S. B.

    A. S. _gest_, id.


GASTROUS, _adj._ Monstrous, Dumfr.

    Dan. _gaster_, Manes, ghosts. O. E. _gaster_, to affright.


GATE, _s._ A way.

V. ~Gait~.


GATE, _s._ Jet.

V. ~Get~.

  _Douglas._


GATING, _s._ Perhaps, guessing.

  _Burel._

    Su. G. _gaet-a_, conjecturam facere.


GAUCY, GAWSY, _adj._

1. Plump, jolly, S.

  _Journal Lond._

2. Applied to any thing large, S.

  _Burns._

3. Metaph., stately, portly, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Su. G. _gaase_, a male. The ancient Gauls called strong men _Gaesi_.

4. Well prepared, S.

  _A. Douglas._


GAUCKIT, _adj._ Stupid.

V. ~Gowkit~.


GAUD, GAWD, _s._

1. A trick.

  _Douglas._

2. A bad custom or habit, S. B.

    Fr. _gaud-ir_, to be frolicksome, Su. G. _gaed-as_, laetari; from
Isl. _gaa_, gaudium.


GAVEL, GAWIL, _s._ The gable of a house, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _gafwel_, Belg. _gevel_, id.


GAVELOCK, _s._ An iron lever, S.

    A. S. _gafelucas_, hastilia, _gafl_, furca.


GAUGES, _s. pl._ Wages.

  _Acts Sedt._

    O. Fr. _guaige_.


GAUKIE, GAWKY, _s._ A foolish person.

V. ~Gowk~.

    Sw. _gack_, id.

  _Ramsay._

~Gaukit~, ~Gawkit~, _adj._ Foolish, giddy, S.

  _Morison._


GAUL, _s._ Dutch myrtle, S.

V. ~Scotchgale~.


GAULE, _s._ A loud laugh.

V. ~Gawf~.


GAUT, _s._ A hog, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

    Isl. _galt_, sus exsectus.


_To_ GAW, _v. a._

1. To gall, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. Metaph., to fret, S.

  _Ramsay._

_To_ ~Gaw~, _v. n._ To become pettish, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

~Gaw~, _s._ The mark left by a stroke or pressure, S.

  _Polwart._


GAW, _s._ A gall-nut.

  _Ramsay._


GAW, _s._

1. A furrow or drain, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. A hollow with water springing in it, Ang.


GAWD, _s._ A goad, S.

  _Ross._


GAWDNIE, GOWDNIE, _s._ The yellow gurnard, S. q. _gold_-fish.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ GAWF, GAFF, _v. n._ To laugh violently, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _gaffla_, id. Germ. _gaffen_, to gape.

~Gaulf~, ~Gawf~, ~Gaffaw~, A horse-laugh, S.

  _Knox._


_To_ GAWP UP, _v. a._ To swallow voraciously, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Sw. _gulpa_, buccis vorare deductis.

~Gawp~, _s._ A large mouthful, S.


GAWRIE, _s._ The red gurnard, S.

  _Sibbald._


GAWSIE, _adj._ Jolly.

V. ~Gaucy~.


GEAN, GEEN, _s._ A wild cherry, S.

    Fr. _guigne_, _guine_, id.

  _Statist. Acc._

~Geantree~, _s._ A wild cherry-tree, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


GEAR, GEARED.

V. ~Gere~.


GEARKING, _part. adj._ Vain.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _gearc-ian_, apparare.


GEAT, _s._ A child.

V. ~Get~.


GEBBIE, GABBIE, _s._ The crop of a fowl, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Gael. _ciaban_, the gizzard.


_To_ GECK, GEKK, _v. a._

1. To sport, Ang.

2. To deride, S.

  _Philotus._

3. To befool.

  _Leg. St Androis._

4. To jilt, S.

5. To toss the head disdainfully, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _gheck-en_, deridere,  Su. G. _geck-as_, ludificari,  Sw.
_gaeck-a_, to jilt.

~Geck~, ~Gekk~, _s._

1. A sign of derision.

  _Dunbar._

2. A jibe.

  _Montgomerie._

    Teut. _geck_, jocus.

3. Cheat, S.

  _Poems 16th Cent._


GED, (_g_ hard) _s._ The pike, a fish, S.

    Su. G. Isl. _gaedda_, id.

  _Barbour._

~Ged-staff~, _s._

1. A staff for stirring pikes from under the banks.

  _Douglas._

2. A pointed staff, from Su. G. _gadd_, aculeus.

  _Gl. Sibb._


GEE, (_g_ hard) _s._ _To tak the gee_, to become pettish and
unmanageable, S.

    Isl. _geig_, offensa.

  _Ross._


GEY, GAY, (_g_ hard) _adj._ Tolerable.

  _S. P. Repr._

_A gey wheen_, a considerable number.

~Gey~, ~Gay~, _adv._ Indifferently. _Gey and weil_, pretty well, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Geily~, ~Gayly~, ~Geylies~, _adv._ Pretty well, S.

  _Kelly._

    Teut. _gheef_, sanus; Su. G. _gef_, usualis.


GEYELER, _s._ Jailor.

  _Wallace._


_To_ GEIF, GEYFF, _v. a._ To give.

  _Douglas._


_To_ GEIG, (_g_ soft) _v. n._ To make a creaking noise, S.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _geig-en_, fricare.


GEIG, _s._ A net used for catching the razor-fish.

  _Evergreen._


GEIL, GEILL, _s._ Jelly, S.

    Fr. _gel_.

  _Lyndsay._


GEILL POKKIS, bags through which calfshead _jelly_ is strained.

  _Maitland P._


GEING, (_g_ hard) _s._ Intoxicating liquor of any kind, Ang.

    Isl. _gengd_, cerevisiae motus.


GEING, (_g_ hard) _s._ Dung, Bord.

    A. S. _geng_, latrina.


GEIR, _s._ Accoutrements, &c.

V. ~Ger~.


_To_ GEYZE, GEISIN, GIZZEN, (_g_ hard) _v. n._ To become leaky for want
of moisture, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Su. G. _gistn-a_, _gisn-a_, id.


GEIST, _s._

1. An exploit; Lat. _gesta_.

  _Douglas._

2. The history of any memorable action.

  _Douglas._


GEIST, GEST, _s._

1. A joist, S.

  _Doug._

2. A beam.

  _Barbour._


GELORE, GALORE, GILORE, _s._ Plenty, S.

    Gael. _go leoir_, enough.

  _Ross._


_To_ GELL, (_g_ hard) _v. n._ To thrill with pain, S.

  _Sir Egeir._

    Germ. _gell-en_, to tingle.


_To_ GELL, (_g_ hard) _v. n._ To crack in consequence of heat, S.

    Isl. _geil_, fissura.

~Gell~, _s._ A crack or rent in wood, S.


GELL, (_g_ hard) _s._ A leech, S. B. _gellie_, Perths.

    Su. G. _igel_, id.  C. B. _gel_, a horseleech.


GELT, _s._ Money.

V. ~Gilt~.


GEN, _prep._ Against.

    A. S. _gean_, id.


GEND, (_g_ hard) _adj._ Playful.

  _S. P. Repr._

    Isl. _gant-a_, ludificare.


GENYIE, _s._ Engine of war.

  _Minst. Bord._


GENYEILD, GENYELL, _s._

V. ~Ganyeild~.


GENIS, _s._ Apparently, the rack.

  _Act Sed._

    Fr. _gêne_, id. from Lat. _gehenna_.


GENYUS CHALMER, bridal chamber.

  _Douglas._


GENTY, (_g_ soft) _adj._ Neat, limber, elegantly formed, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _jent_, bellus, elegans.


GENTIL, _adj._ Belonging to a nation.

  _Douglas._


GENTILLY, _adv._ Completely, Ang.

  _Barbour._


GENTRICE, GENTREIS, _s._

1. Honourable birth.

  _Dunbar._

2. Genteel manners.

  _Wallace._

3. Gentleness, softness.

  _Henrysone._


GEO, (_g_ hard) _s._ A deep hollow, Caithn.

    Isl. _gia_, hiatus oblongus.

2. A creek or chasm in the shore is called _geow_, Orkn.


GER, GERE, GEIR, GEAR, (_g_ hard) _s._

1. Warlike accoutrements.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _geir_, lancea; Dan. _dyn geira_, strepitus armorum.

2. Goods. _Goods and gear_, a law phrase, S.

  _Ruddiman._

3. Booty.

  _Minst. Bord._

4. All kind of tools for business, S.

  _Ruddiman._

5. Money, S.

  _Watson._

~Gerit, Geared~, _part. adj._ Provided with armour.

  _Wallace._


GERLETROCH. _s._

V. ~Gallytrough~.


GERRON, GAIRUN, _s._ A sea-trout, Ang.

  _Minst. Bord._


GERS, GYRS, _s._ Grass, S.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _gaers_, Belg. _gars, gers_, id.

~Gersy~, _adj._ Grassy, S.

  _Douglas._

~Gerss-house~, _s._ A house possessed by a tenant who has no land
attached to it, Ang.

~Gersslouper~, _s._ A grasshoper, S. B.

~Gerss-man~, ~Grass-man~, _s._ A tenant who has no land.

  _Spalding._

    Su. G. _graessaeti_, id.

~Gerss-tack~, _s._ The lease which a _gerss-man_ has, Ang.


GERSOME, GRESSOUME, _s._ A sum paid to a landlord by a tenant, at the
entry of a lease, or by a new heir to a lease or feu, S.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _gaersuma_, _gersume_, a compensation.


_To_ GES, _v. n._ To guess.

  _Wyntown._


GESNING, GESTNING, _s_ (_g_ hard) Hospitable reception.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _gistning_, id. from _gest-r_, a guest.


GESSERANT, Sparkling.

  _K. Quair._

    Teut. _ghester_, a spark.


GEST, _s._ Ghost.

V. ~Gaist~.

  _Houlate._


GET, GETT, GEAT, GEIT, _s._

1. A child.

  _Wyntown._

2. A contemptuous designation for a child, S.

  _Knox._

3. Progeny.

  _Wyntown._

4. Applied to the young of brutes.

    Goth. _get-a_, gignere.

  _Douglas._


GEWE, _conj._ If.

V. ~Gif~.


_To_ GY, GYE, _v. a._ To guide.

  _K. Quair._

    O. Fr. _guier_, id.

~Gy~, _s._ A guide.

Hisp. _guia_.

  _Wallace._


GY, _s._ A proper name; Guy, Earl of Warwick.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


GIB, GIBBIE, (_g_ hard), _s._ A gelded cat, S.

    Fr. _gibb-ier_, to hunt.

  _Henrysone._


GIBBLE, (_g_ hard), _s._ A tool of any kind, S.; whence _giblet_, any
small iron tool, Ang.

    Teut. _gaffel_, furca.

  _Morison._


GIBBLE-GABBLE, _s._ Noisy confused talk, S.

    Isl. _gafla_, blaterare.

  _Gl. Shirr._


GIDE, GYDE, _s._ Attire.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _giwaede_, id.


_To_ GIE, _v. a._ To give, S.

V. ~Gif~.


GIELAINGER, _s._ A cheat.

V. ~Gileynour~.


GIEST, A contr. of _give us it_, S.

  _Henrysone._


_To_ GIF, ~Gyf~, ~Giff~, _v. a._ To give; _gie_, S.

  _Barbour._


GIF, GYVE, GEUE, GEWE, _conj._ If.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _gau_, id. Su. G. _jef_, dubium.


GIFFIS, GYFFIS, _imper. v._ ~Gif~.

  _Douglas._


GIFF-GAFF, _s._ Mutual giving, S.

  _Kelly._

    A. S. _gif_ and _gaf_, q. I gave, he gave.


GYIS, GYSS, _s._

1. A mask.

  _Dunbar._

2. A dance after some particular mode.

    O. Fr. _gise_.

  _Henrysone._


GYKAT. L. ~Gillot~.

  _Maitland P._


GIL, (_g_ hard), _s._ A cavern.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _gil_, hiatus montium.


GILD, _s._ Clamour, noise.

  _A. Hume._

    Isl. _gelld_, clamor; _giel_, vocifero.

~Gild~, _adj._ Loud, S. B.


GILD, _adj._

1. Strong, well-grown.

  _Skene._

    Su. G. _gild_, validus, robustus.

2. Great. A gild rogue, a great wag.

  _Ruddiman._


GILD, GILDE, _s._ A fraternity instituted for some particular purpose,
S.

  _Stat. Gild._

    A. S. _gild_, fraternitas, sodalitium.

~Gild-brother~, _s._ A member of the _gild_, S.


GILDEE, _s._ The whiting pout.

  _Statist. Acc._


GYLE-FAT, _s._ The vat used for fermenting wort, S. _Gyle_, Orkn.

  _Burrow Lawes._

    Teut. _ghijl_, cremor cerevisiae.


GILEYNOUR, GILAINGER, _s._

1. A deceiver.

  _Kelly._

2. "An ill debtor."

  _Gl. Ramsay._

    Su. G. _gil-ia_, to deceive, _gyllningar_, fraudes.


GILLIE, _s._

1. A boy.

  _S. P. Repr._

    Ir. _gilla_, _giolla_, a boy; a servant, a page.

2. A youth who acts as a servant, page, or constant attendant, S.

  _Rob Roy._


GILLIEGAPUS, GILLIEGACUS.

V. ~Gapus~.


GILLIEWETFOOT, GILLIEWHIT, (_g_ hard) _s._

1. A worthless fellow, who gets into debt and runs off, Loth.

2. A running footman; also, a bum-bailiff.

  _Colvil._

    From _gillie_, a page, and _wet foot_.


GILL-WHEEP, GELL-WHEEP, _s._

1. A cheat, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

2. _To get the gill-wheep_, to be jilted, S. B.

    Isl. _gil-ia_, amoribus circumvenire, and _hwipp_, celer cursus.


GYLMIR.

V. ~Gimmer~.


GILPY, GILPEY, _s._ A roguish boy, a frolicsome boy or girl, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _gilp_, ostentation, arrogance.


GILSE, _s._ A young salmon.

V. ~Grilse~.


GILT, _pret. v._ Been guilty.

  _K. Quair._

    A. S. _gylt-an_, reum facere.


GILT, _s._ Money. S. _gelt_.

  _Watson._

    Germ. _gelt_, id. from _gelt-en_, to pay.


GILTY, _adj._ Gilded.

  _Douglas._


GYM, _adj._ Neat, spruce, S.

  _Doug._


GIMMER, GYLMYR, (_g_ hard) _s._

1. A ewe that is two years old, S.

  _Compl. S._

    Su. G. _gimmer_, ovicula, quae semel peperit.

2. A contemptuous term for a woman, S.

  _Ferguson._


GYMMER, _compar._ of ~Gym~.

  _Evergreen_.


_To_ GYMP, (_g_ soft) _v. n._ To gibe, to taunt.

  _Ruddiman._

    Isl. _skimp-a_, Su. G. _skymf-a_, to taunt.

~Gymp~, ~Jymp~, _s._

1. A witty jest, a taunt, S. B.

  _Douglas._

2. A quirk, a subtilty.

  _Henrysone._

    Belg. _schimp_, a jest, a cavil.


GYMP, GIMP, JIMP, _adj._

1. Slim, delicate, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Short, scanty, S.

    Su. G. _skamt_, short, _skaemt-a_, to shorten.

~Gimply~, ~Jimply~, adv. Scarcely, S.


GIN, _conj._ If, S.

  _Sel. Ball._


GYN, GENE, _s._

1. Engine for war.

  _Barbour._

_Gynnys for crakys_, great guns.

  _Barbour._

2. The bolt or lock of a door, S.

  _Ruddiman._


GYN, _s._ A chasm.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _gin_, hiatus.


_To_ GYN, _v. n._ To begin.

  _K. Quair._

~Gynnyng~, _s._ Beginning.

  _Wyntown._


GINGE-BRED, _s._ Gingerbread, S.

  _Pitscottie._


GINKER, _s._ A dancer.

  _Watson._

    Germ. _schwinck-en_, celeriter movere.


GYNKIE, (_g_ hard) _s._ A term of reproach applied to a woman; a giglet,
Renfr. Ang.

    Isl. _ginn-a_, decipere.


GYNOUR, _s._ Engineer.

  _Barbour._


GIPE, _s._ One who is greedy or avaritious.

    Isl. _gypa_, vorax.

  _Watson._


GIPSY, _s._ A woman's cap, S.

~Gipsey herring~, The pilchard, S.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._


GIRD, GYRD, _s._

1. A hoop, S.; also _girr_.

  _Minst. Bord._

    A. S. _gyrd_, Isl. _girde_, vimen.

~Girder~, _s._ A cooper, Loth.

2. A stroke, S.

  _Barbour._

~To let gird~,

1. To strike.

  _Chr. Kirk._

2. To let fly.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Gird~, _v. a._

1. To strike, with the pron. _throw_.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Gird~, _v. n._ To move with expedition and force.

  _Barbour._


_To_ GIRD, _v. n._ To drink hard, S. B.

  _Forbes._


GIRD, _s._ A trick.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _goer-a_, incantare; _utgiord_, magical art.


GIRDLE, _s._ A circular plate of malleable or cast iron, for toasting
cakes over the fire, S.

  _Colvil._

    Su. G. _grissel_, the shovel used for the oven; from _graedd-a_, to
bake.


GYRE-CARLING, (_g_ hard) _s._

1. Hecate, or the mother-witch of the peasants, S.

  _Lyndsay._

_Gy-carlin_, Fife.; _Gay-carlin_, Bord.

    Isl. _Geira_, the name of one of the Fates, and _karlinna_, an old
woman.

2. A hobgoblin.

  _Bannat. Journal._

3. A scarecrow, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._


GYRE FALCON, _s._ A large hawk.

  _Houlate._

    Germ. _geir_, a vulture, and _falke_, a falcon.


GYRIE, (_g_ soft) _s._ A stratagem, Selkirks.

V. ~Ingyre~.


_To_ GIRG, JIRK, _v. n._ To make a creaking noise, S.

V. ~Chirk~.

  _Douglas._


GIRKE, _s._ A stroke, E. _jerk_.

  _Z. Boyd._

    Isl. _jarke_, pes feriens.


_To_ GIRN, _v. n._

1. To grin, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To snarl, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. To gape; applied to dress, S.

~Girn~, _s._ A grin, S.

~Gyrning~, s. Grinning.

  _Barbour._


GIRN, GYRNE, _s._

1. A grin, S.

  _Bellenden_

2. A snare of any kind.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _girn_, Isl. _girne_, id.


GIRN, _s._ A tent put into a wound, a seton, Bord.

    Isl. _girne_, chorda.


GIRNALL, GIRNELL, GRAINEL, _s._

1. A granary, S.

  _Knox._

_Girnal-ryver_, the robber of a granary.

  _Evergreen._

2. A large chest for holding meal, S.

    Fr. _grenier_, id.

To ~Girnal~, _v. a._ To store up in granaries, S.

  _Acts Ja. II._


GIRNIGO, GIRNIGAE, _s._ A contemptuous term for a peevish person, S.

  _Gl. Complaynt._


GIRNOT, _s._ The gray Gurnard; vulgarly _garnet_, Loth.

  _Statist. Acc._


GYRS, _s._ Grass.

V. ~Gers~.


GIRSILL, _s._ A salmon not fully grown.

  _Acts Ja. III._


GIRSLE, _s._ Gristle, S.

~Girslie~, _adj._ Gristly, S.

  _J. Nicol._


GIRT, _pret. v._ Made, for _gert_.

  _Houlate._


GIRTEN, _s._ A garter.

  _Burel._


GIRTH, GYRTH, GIRTHOL, _s._

1. Protection.

  _Wallace._

2. A sanctuary.

  _Barbour._

3. The privilege granted to criminals during certain holidays.

  _Baron Court._

4. Metaph. in the sense of privilege.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ GYS, _v. a._ To disguise.

V. ~Gyis~.


GYSAR, GYSARD, _s._

1. A harlequin; a term applied to those who disguise themselves about
the time of the new year, S. _gysart_.

  _Maitland Poems._

2. One whose looks are disfigured by age, or otherwise, S.

  _Journal Lond._


_To_ GYSEN.

V. ~Geize~.


GISSARME, GISSARNE, GITHERN, _s._ A hand-ax, a bill.

  _Doug._

    O. Fr. _gisarme_, hallebard; from Lat. _gesa_, hasta, Roquefort.


GITE, _s._ A gown. Chauc. id.

  _Henrysone._


GYTE. _To gang gite_, to act extravagantly, S. _hite_, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _gaet-ast_, laetari.


GITHERN.

V. ~Gissarme~.

  _Douglas._


GYTHORN, _s._ A guitar.

  _Houlate._

    Fr. _giterne_, from Lat. _cithara_.


GITIE, _adj._ Shining as agate.

  _Watson._


GIZZEN, _s._ Childbed.

V. ~Jizzen-bed~.


_To_ GIZZEN, _v. n._ To be dried.

V. ~Geyze~.


_To_ GLABBER, GLEBBER, _v. n._ To speak indistinctly, S.

    Gael. _glafaire_, a babbler.


GLACK, _s._

1. A defile between mountains, Perths. Ang.

  _Minstrelsy Bord._

2. A ravine in a mountain.

  _Pop. Ball._

3. An opening in a wood where the wind comes with force, Perths.

4. The part of a tree where a bough branches out.

  _Gl. Pop. Ball._

5. That part of the hand between the thumb and fingers. Ibid.

    Gael. _glac_, a narrow glen, _glaic_, a defile.


GLACK, _s._

1. A handful or small portion, Ang.

  _Ross._

2. As much grain as a reaper holds in his hand, Ang.

3. A snatch, a slight repast, Ang.

    Gael. _glaic_, a handful.


_To_ GLACK _one's mitten_, to put money into one's hand, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

    Gael. _glac-am_, to receive.


GLAD, GLAID, GLADE, GLID, _adj._

1. Smooth, easy in motion, S.

  _Ruddiman._

2. Slippery; _glid ice_, S. B.

3. Applied to one who is not to be trusted, S. B.

    A. S. _glid_, Belg. _glad_, Su. G. _glatt_, lubricus.


GLADDERIT, _part. pa._ Besmeared.

    Teut. _kladder-en_, to bedaub.

  _Dunbar._


GLAIK, _pl._ ~Glaiks~, _s._

1. The reflection of the rays of light, from a lucid body in motion.

  _Kennedy._

_To cast the glaiks on_ one, to make the reflection fall on one, S.

2. Any thing that produces reflection.

  _Adamson._

3. A deception; what suddenly eludes one's grasp or sight, S.

  _Lyndsay._

_To play the glaiks with_ one, to gull, to cheat.

  _Lyndsay._

_To get the glaik_, to be gulled or cheated, S. B.

  _Leg. St Androis._

_To hunt the glaiks_, to pursue with perpetual disappointment.

  _Colvil._

4. The act of jilting. _To gie the glaiks_, to jilt one, S.

  _Herd._

5. A giddy and frivolous person.

  _Chr. Kirk._

6. A bat, Loth.

    A. S. _glig_, ludibrium, Teut. _glick-en_, nitere.

_To_ ~Glaik, Glaike~, _v. n._ To spend time idly or playfully, S.

  _Burel._

~Glaikit~, ~Glakyt~, _part. adj._

1. Light, giddy, S.

  _Complaynt S._

2. Foolish, rash.

  _Wallace._

3. Giddy, including the idea of coquetry, S.

  _Lyndsay._

~Glaiking~, _s._ Folly.

  _Dunbar._


GLAYMORE, _s._

1. A two-handed sword.

  _Boswell._

2. The common broad-sword, _claymore_, S.

  _Boswell._

    Gael _claidhamh_, a sword, _more_, great.


GLAIRY-FLAIRY. _adj._ Gaudy, shewy, S. B.

    E. _glare_, and _flare_.

~Glairie-flairies~, _s. pl._ Gaudy trappings, Ang.


GLAIZIE, _adj._ Glittering, glossy, S.

  _Burns._


GLAMER, GLAMOUR, _s._ The supposed influence of a charm on the eye,
causing it to see objects differently from what they really are.

Hence,

_to cast glamer o'er_ one, to cause deception of sight, S.

  _Ritson._

    Isl. _glam_, glaucoma in oculis gestans, fascinatis oculis.

~Glamourit~, _part. adj._ Fascinated.

  _Evergr._


GLAMER, _s._ Noise.

  _Diallog._

    Isl. _glamr-a_, strepitum edere.

~Glamrous~, _adj._ Noisy.

  _Wallace._


GLAMMACH, _s._

1. A snatch, an eager grasp, Ang.

2. A mouthful, Ang. _Glam, glammie_, S. A.

    Gael. _glaimm_, a gobbet; _glamh-am_, to catch at greedily.


_To_ GLAMP, _v. n._

1. To grasp ineffectually, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. To endeavour to lay hold of any thing beyond one's reach, S. B.

3. To strain one's self to catch at any thing.

Hence,

~Glamp~, _s._ A sprain, Ang.

~Glampit~, _part. pa._ Sprained.


GLAR, GLAUR, _s._

1. Mud, mire, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. Any glutinous substance.

  _Compl. S._

    Fr. _glaire_, the white of an egg.


GLASCHAVE, _adj._ Perhaps, voracious.

    Su. G. _glupsk_, id.

  _Dunbar._


GLASHIE, _adj._

  _Hudson._


GLASSOCK, _s._ The coal-fish, Sutherl.

  _Stat. Acc._


_To_ GLASTER, _v. n._

1. To bark, to bawl, Rudd.  Gl. Shirr. _glaister_.

2. To boast.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _glast-ir_, to bark, Su. G. _glafs-a_, id.; also to speak
foolishly.

~Glasterer~, _s._ A boaster.

  _Calderwood._


GLATTON, _s._ A handful, Clydes.


_To_ GLAUM, _v. n._ To grasp at any thing, generally denoting a feeble
and ineffectual attempt, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _taga i glims_, errare in capiendo, frustrari.

~Glaum~, _s._ A grasp, especially one that is ineffectual, Ang.


GLE, GLEW, _s._

1. Game, sport.

    E. _glee_.

  _Peblis to the Play._

2. Metaph. the fate of battle.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _gleo, gliw_, id.

~Gle-men~, _s. pl._ Minstrels.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _gli-man_, a musician.


GLEAM. _Gane gleam_, taken fire, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


GLED, _s._ The kite, S.


_To_ GLEEK, _v. n._ To gibe.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


GLEG, _adj._

1. Quick of perception, by means of any one of the senses, S., as _gleg
of the ee_, S.

  _Fordun._

2. Keen; applied to edged tools, S.

  _J. Nicol._

3. Clever, expeditious, S.

  _Burns._

4. Attentive, S.

  _Ramsay._

5. Smooth, slippery; as _gleg ice_, S.

6. Quick of apprehension, S.

  _Ferguson._

7. Conjoined with the idea of avarice.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _gloegg-r_, acer visu; acutus; attentus; consideratus; parcus;
from Su. G. _glo_, attentis oculis videre.

~Glegly~, _adv._

1. Expeditiously, S.

2. Attentively, S.

  _Ross._


GLEG, _s._ A gad-fly.

V. ~Cleg~.


_To_ GLEY, GLYE, _v. n._

1. To squint, S.

2. Metaph. to overlook.

  _Kelly._

~Gley~, _s._ A squint look, S.

~Gley'd~, ~Gleid~, ~Glyd~, _part. pa._

1. Squint-eyed, S.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _gloe_, _gloedt_, lippe prospecto, or _gleid-a_, distendere,
_gleid_, distentus.

2. Oblique, used generally, S.

_To_ ~Gledge~, _v. n._ To look asquint suddenly, Fife.


GLEID, GLEDE, _s._

1. A burning coal, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _gled_, Su. G. _gloed_, pruna.

2. A strong or bright fire, S.

  _Wallace._

3. Fire, in general.

  _Douglas._

4. A temporary blaze.

  _Lord Hailes._

5. A small fire.

  _Henrysone._

6. A mass of burning metal.

  _Douglas._

7. A hot ember, S.

8. A spark of fire.

  _Gl. Sibb._


GLEYD, GLYDE, _s._ An old horse, S. B.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Isl. _glad-r_, equus gradarius.


GLEIS, _s._ Splendour.

  _Evergreen._

    Isl. _glis_, nitor.


_To_ GLEIT, GLETE, _v. n._

1. To glitter.

  _Douglas._

2. Denoting the polish given to language.

    Isl. _glitt-a_, fulgere.

  _Pal. Hon._


GLE-MEN, _s. pl._ Minstrel.

V. ~Gle~.


GLENDER-GANE, _adj._ In a declining state of health, in bad
circumstances, or engaged in immoral habits; _glender-gear_, id. S.

    From _glanders_, a disease of horses.


GLENGORE, GLENGOUR, GRANDGORE, _s._ Lues venerea.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _gorre_, id. also _grande gorre_, Roquefort; or q. _glandgore_.


_To_ GLENT, GLINT, _v. n._

1. To glance, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To pass suddenly, S.

  _Minst. Bord._

3. To peep out, S.

  _Burns._

4. To squint, S. B.

  _Cleland._

~Glent~, ~Glint~, _s._ A glance, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A transient view, S.

3. A moment; _In a glent_, immediately, S.

    Teut. _glants_, splendor.

  _Ross._


_To_ GLEUIN, _v. n._ To glow.

V. ~Gliffin~.

  _Douglas._


_To_ GLEW, _v. a._ To make merry.

    A. S. _gleow-ian_, jocari.

  _King Hart._

~Glew~, _s._ Sport.

V. ~Gle.~


GLIB-GABBET, _adj._ Having a glib tongue, S.

  _Burns._


GLID, _adj._ Slippery.

V. ~Glad~.


_To_ GLIFF, GLOFF, GLUFF, _v. n._ To be seized with sudden fear, S.

  _Journal Lond._

_To_ ~Gliff~, _v. a._ To affright, to alarm, S. A. _It glift him_, Loth.
_Gluft_, id. Caithn.

~Gliff~, ~Gloff~, ~Gluff~, _s._

1. A sudden fear, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

2. The shock felt in plunging into water, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. Glow, uneasy sensation of heat, Ang.


GLIFF, _s._

1. A transient view, S.

2. A moment, S.

  _Mannering._


_To_ GLIFFIN, _v. n._ To open the eyes at intervals, in awaking from a
disturbed sleep.

V. ~Gleuin~.

  _Barbour._


GLIM, _s._ An effectual attempt to lay hold of an object, Aberd.

  _Shirrefs._

~Glim~, _adj._ Blind, Aberd.

~Glim-glam~, _s._ Blind man's buff.

  _Ibid._

    Isl. _glam_, visu hebes.


_To_ GLIMMER, _v. n._ To blink, to wink, S.


GLIMMER, _s._ Mica of mineralogists, Loth.


GLISK, _s._ A transient view, S.

  _J. Nicol._

    Isl. _glis_, nitor.


GLISNYT, GLISINT, _pret._ Blinked, like one newly awakened.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _glisn-ian_, coruscare.


_To_ GLISS, _v. n._ To cast a glance with the eyes.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Germ. _gleiss-en_, fulgere.


GLISTER, _s._ Lustre.

  _Knox._

    Su. G. _glistra_, scintilla.


GLIT, _s._

1. Tough phlegm, S.

2. Ooze in the bed of a river, S.

    Isl. _glat_, _glaet-a_, humor.


GLOAMIN, GLOMING, _s._ Twilight, S.

    A. S. _glomung_, id.

  _A. Hume._

~Gloamin-shot~, _s._ A twilight interview, S.

  _Burns._

~Gloamin-star~, _s._ The evening-star, Loth.


_To_ GLOCK, _v. a._ To gulp, including the idea of the sound, Ang.;
_wacht_ synon.

    Teut. _klock-en_, sonitum reddere, qualem angusti oris vasculum
solet.

~Glock~, _s._ A gulp, Ang.


GLOFF, _s._ A sudden fright, S.

V. ~Gliff~.


GLOG, _adj._ Slow; _glog-rinnin water_, a river that runs slowly,
Perths.

    Gael. _glog_, a soft lump, _gliogar_, slowness.


GLOY, _s._

1. The withered blades stripped off from straw, S. B.

  _Douglas._

2. Oaten straw, Orkn.

    Fr. _gluy_, Holl. _gluye_, stramen arundinaceum.

_To_ ~Gloy~, _v. a._ To give grain a rough thrashing, Loth.


GLOIS, _s._ A blaze.

V. ~Glose~.


_To_ GLOIT, _v. n._

1. To work in something liquid, miry, or viscous, Ang.

2. To do any thing in a dirty and awkward manner, Ang.

    Sw. _gloet-a_, to grope for fish.

~Gloitry~.

V. ~Gludderie~.


GLONDERS, _s. pl. In the glonders_, in a state of ill-humour, Loth.

  _Knox._

    Isl. _glundr-a_, confundere, turbare.


_To_ GLOPPE, GLOPPEN, _v. n._ To let the countenance fall, as when one
is about to cry or weep.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Isl. _glupn-a_, vultum demittere; contristari, ad lacrymas bibulas
effundendum moveri.


GLORE, _s._ Glory.

    Fr. _gloire_.

  _Doug._

_To_ ~Glore~, _v. n._ To glory.

  _Doug._


_To_ GLORG, _v. n._ To work in some dirty business, Ang.

~Glorg~, _s._ A nasty compound of any kind, Ang.

~Glorgie~, _adj._ _Glorgit_, _part. pa._ Bedaubed, from being engaged in
dirty work, or travelling in a miry road, Ang.


GLOSE, GLOIS, _s._

1. A blaze, S.

2. The act of warming one's self at a quick fire, S.

  _Philotus._

    Germ. _glauz_, Isl. _glosse_, flamma.

_To_ ~Glose~, ~Gloze~, _v. n._ To blaze, S.


GLOSS, _s._ Perh. the same with ~Glush~.

  _Wallace._


GLOTTEN, _s._ A thaw, S. A.


_To_ GLOUM, GLOOM, _v. n._ To frown, S.

    Germ. _glum_, turbidus.

  _Knox._

~Gloum~, ~Glowme~, ~Gloom~, _s._ A frown.

  _Z. Boyd._


_To_ GLOUR, GLOWR, _v. n._ To stare, S.

    Belg. _glurr-en_, to peer.

  _Dunbar._

~Glour~, _s._ A broad stare, S.

  _Pennecuik._


_To_ GLOUT, _v. n._ To pout.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

    Isl. _glott-a_, indignanter subridere; _glett-a_, irritare.


GLU, _s._ A glove, S. B.

  _Wyntown._

    Goth. _gloa_, id.


_To_ GLUDDER, (pron. _gluther_) _v. n._

1. To do any dirty work, or any work in a dirty manner, S. B.

V. ~Gloit~.

2. To carry on in a facetious, but low and cajoling style.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _glutr-a_, prodigere; _glutrun_, vita dissoluta.

~Gluddery~, ~Gloittry~, _adj._ Denoting work which is not only wet, but
unctuous to the touch, S. B.


_To_ GLUFF, _v. n._

V. ~Gliff~.


GLUGGERY, _adj._ Flaccid; applied to young and soft animal food, Ang.


_To_ GLUNSH, _v. n._ To pout, S.; _glumsh_, Fife.

    Isl. _glenska_, jocus mordax.

  _Burns._

~Glunsh~, _s._ A sour look, S.

  _Burns._

~Glunschoch~, _s._ One who has a morose look.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ GLUNT, _v. n._ To emit sparks, Ang.

V. ~Glent~.


GLUPE, _s._ A great chasm, Caithn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _gliuf-r_, hiatus, per quem precipitantur flumina.


GLUSH, _s._ Any thing in the state of a pulp; snow, when beginning to
melt, S.


GLUTTRÉ, _s._ Gluttony.

  _Wallace._


_To_ GNAP, _v. n._ To chirp.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Teut. _knapp-en_, crepitare.


_To_ GNAP, _v. a._ To eat, S. B.

V. ~Gnyp~.

~Gnap~, _s._ A bite, S. B.

  _Ross._


GNAPING, _part. pr._ Expressive of eagerness.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _gnap-a_, intentus intueri.


_To_ GNAP, _v.n._

1. To attempt, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._

2. To bite at.

  _Mellvill's MS._


GNARR, _s._ A hard knot in wood, S.

    Teut. _knorre_, id.


_To_ GNAT, _v. a._

1. To gnaw, Ang.

2. To grind the teeth, Ang.

    Isl. _gnat-a_, collidi.

~Gnat~, _s._ A bite, a snap, Ang.


GNIB, _adj._

1. Clever in motion or action, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. Light-fingered, S. B.

    Su. G. _knappe_, citus; _knapphaendig_, qui manu promptus est; Dan.
_knibe_, arete tenere.


_To_ GNIDGE, _v. a._

1. To press, to squeeze, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Isl. _knos-a_, to thrust; Teut. _knudsen_, to beat.

2. _To knidge aff_, to rub off, S. B.

  _Ross._


GNEIGIE, _adj._ Sharp-witted, Moray.

V. ~Knacky~.

  _Pop. Ball._


_To_ GNYP, GNIP, GNAP, _v. a._

1. To crop, to gnaw.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _kneipp-en_; Isl. _knyp-a_, vellere.

2. To eat, S. B.


GNIPPER ~for~ GNOPPER, an alliterative phrase used to express the sound
made by a mill in grinding.

  _Pop. Ball._

    Su. G. _knaepp-a_, to knap.


GOADLOUP, _s._ The gantelope, a military punishment.

  _Wodrow._

    Sw. _gatulopp_, id.


GOAN, _s._ A wooden dish for meat, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _gogn_, utensilia familiaria.


GOARE, _s._ A hurt, a wound.

    C. B. _gor_ pus.

  _Bp. Forbes._


GOAT, _s._ A narrow cavern or inlet, into which the sea enters, Ang.

    Isl. _gioota_, caverna terrae; _gat_, foramen.


GOAT-CHAFFER, _s._ Cerambyx aedilis.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ GOAVE, _v. n._

V. ~Goif~.


GOB, _s._ The mouth.

    Ir. _gob_.

  _Chr. Kirk._

2. The stomach, S. _gebbie_.

  _Maitland P._


GOBICH, _s._ The _goby_, a fish.

  _Stat. Acc._


GOCKMIN, GOKMAN, _s._ A centinel.

    Gael. _gochdman_, a watchman.

  _Martin._


GODBAIRNE, _s._ Godchild.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _godbearn_, puer lustricus.


_To_ GOGGE, _v. a._ To blindfold.

  _Z. Boyd._

~Goggles~, _s. pl._ Blinds for horses, S.


GOE, GEU, _s._ A creek.

V. ~Geo~.

  _Neill._


_To_ GOIF, GOUE, GOVE, GOAVE, GOUP, _v._

1. To stare, to gaze, to look with a roving eye, S.

    _Gawve_, A. Bor.

  _Douglas._

2. To investigate.

  _Douglas._

3. To look stedfastly, holding up the face, S. B.

  _Burns._

4. To throw up the head, tossing it from side to side, S.

    Germ. _gaff-en_, adspectare, Sw. _gap-a_, avide intueri, Isl.
_gap-a_, circumspicere.


GOLACH, _s._

1. The generic name for a beetle, Ang.

2. The earwig, Loth.

    Gael. _forchar-gollach_, id.


GO-LAIGH, GO-LAIGHIE, _s._ A low short-legged hen; also a woman of a
similar shape, S. B.

    From the v. _go_, and _laigh_, low.


GOLDING, _s._ A species of wild fowl.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


GOLDSPINK, _s._ The Goldfinch, S. _goudspink_.

  _Lyndsay._


GOLF, GOFF, GOUF, _s._

1. A game in Scotland, in which hooked clubs are used for striking
balls, stuffed very hard with feathers, from one hole to another. He
who drives his ball into the hole with fewest strokes, is the winner.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Belg. _kolf_, a club for striking bowls or balls.

2. _Gouf_, a stroke, S.

  _A. Nicol._


GOLINGER, _s._ A contemptuous term, Dumfr.

V. ~Gileynour~.

    Isl. _goelengar_, illecebrae.


GOLINYIE, _s._ Apparently, a subterfuge.

V. preceding word.

  _Colvil._


GOLK, _s._ Cuckow.

V. ~Gouck~.


GOLKGALITER, s. Some kind of disease.

  _Roull._

    Germ. _koken_, evomere, and A. S. _gealla_, bile.


GOME, GUYM, _s._ A man; sometimes, a brave man.

  _Wallace._

    Moes. G. _guma_, vir, A. S. _goma_, vir nubilis.

~Gome-graithe~, _s._ Furniture for war.

  _Sir Gawan._


GOMRELL, GAMPHRELL, _s._ A stupid fellow, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Fr. _goimpre_, one who minds nothing but his belly; Isl. _gambr-a_,
blaterare, jactare.


_To_ GOO, _v. n._ To coo; a term used with respect to infants, S.

    C. B. _cuaw_, to be loving.


_To_ GOOD, GUDIN, _v. a._ To manure.

V. ~Gude~.


GOODMAN, _s._

1. A proprietor of land, S.

V. ~Gude~, _adj._ sense 3.

  _Melville._

2. The owner of a single farm which he himself occupies.

  _Bp. Galloway._

3. A farmer, S.

  _Burns._

4. A husband.

V. ~Gudeman~.

5. The master of a family, S.

  _Dunbar._

6. Equivalent to _man_.

  _King Hart._

7. A jailor.

  _Wodrow._

8. By inversion, this designation has been given to the devil.

  _Arnot._


GOOG, _s._

1. An unfledged bird, Ang.

2. Very young meat, that has no firmness, Ang.

    A. S. _geoguth_, youth.


GOOL, GULE, _adj._ Yellow.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _geolu_, _guul_, Su. G. _gul_, id.


_To_ GOOSE, _v. a._ To iron linen cloths, S. from a tailor's _goose_.


GOOSE-CORN, _s._ Field Brome-grass, S.

    Sw. _gaas-hafre_, i. e. goose-oats.


GORBACK, _s._ A sort of rampart, Orkn.

    Isl. _gior-a_, facere, and _balk-r_, strues.


GORBET, _s._

1. A young bird, S. B.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Metaph., a child, Ang.

V. ~Garb~.


GORBY, _s._ A raven, S. _corby_.

  _Douglas._

    Norw. _gorp_, Isl. _gorbor_, id.


_To_ GORBLE UP, _v. a._ To swallow with eagerness, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

~Gorbling~, ~Gorling~, _s._ An unfledged bird, S., _gorbel_, Moray.

  _Ramsay._

2. A very young person, Loth. id.


GOR-COCK, _s._ The red cock, or moor-cock.

  _Burns._


GORDON, _s._ A wild fowl.

V. ~Golding~.


GORDS, _s. pl._ Lands now waste, that had formerly been cultivated,
Orkn.

    Su. G. _gord_, sepimentum, area clausa.


GORE, _s._ Hardened rheum from the eyes, S.

V. ~Gaar~.


GORE, _s._ A strip of cloth.

V. ~Gair~.


GORFY, _adj._ Having a coarse appearance, Ang.


_To_ GORGE, _v. n._ Expressing the sound made in walking, when the shoes
are filled with water, Fife.

V. ~Chirk~.


GORGÉ. Not understood.

  _Dunbar._


GORGOULL, _s._ Perhaps, harpy.

  _Burel._


_To_ GORL, _v. a._ To surround the roof of a stack with straw-ropes,
Loth.

    Su. G. _giord-a_, cingere.


GORMAND, _s._ A glutton. Fr.

  _Lyndsay._

~Gormand~, _adj._ Gluttonous, id.


GORMAW, S. GOULMAW, _s._

1. The corvorant.

  _Complaynt S._

2. A glutton, Lanerks.

    Teut. _gorre_, valde avarus, _maeghe_, stomachus; Sw. _gorma_, to
gobble up.


GOSK, _s._ Grass growing through dung, Ang.

~Gosky~, _adj._

1. Rank, luxuriant, Ang.

2. Large in size, but feeble, ibid.

    Isl. _groska_, gramen vernans.


GOSS, _s._

1. A silly good-natured man, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A mean, griping person, Loth.

    Isl. _gose_, servulus. Fr. _gossée_, one who is made a laughing-
stock.


GOSSE, _s._ Abbrev. of _gossip_.

  _Philotus._


GOSSEP, GOSSOP, _s._ Gossip.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _godsib_, Su. G. _gudsif_. lustricus; from _God_ and _sib_,
one related by a religious tie.

~Gossiprie~, _s._ Intimacy.

  _Mellvill's_ MS.


GO-SUMMER, _s._ The latter end of summer, S.

  _Spalding._


GOT, GOTE, _s._ A drain, S.

    Belg. _gote_, _geute_, id.  Su. G. _giut-a_, fluere.


GOUD, _s._ Gold, S.

    Teut.

  _Ramsay._


GOUDSPINK, _s._

V. ~Goldspink~.


GOUDIE, _s._ A blow, Ang.

    Isl. _gud_, pugna.


_To_ GOVE.

V. ~Goif~.

~Govellin~, _part. adj._ Hanging loosely and ungracefully, Ang.

2. Indicative of the appearance of the eyes, when one is intoxicated,
Ang.

    From _Goif_, q. v.


GOUERNAILL, s. Government, Fr.

  _Wallace._


GOVIRNANCE, _s._ Deportment.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ GOUK, _v. n._ 1. To gaze about in a vacant or foolish manner, Ang.

2. To expect foolishly.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _guck-en_, spectare, prospectare.


GOUK, _s._ The Cuckow.

V. ~Gowk~.


GOUK, _s._ A fool.

V. ~Gowk~.


_To_ GOUL, _v. n._

1. To howl, S.

  _Doug._

2. To scold, Lanerks.

    Isl. _goel-a_, _gaul-a_, horrendum triste et inconditum vociferare;
_gaul_, talis clamor.

~Goul~, _s._

1. A yell, S.

2. A cry of indignation, S.

~Gouling~, _s._ The act of yelling.

  _Douglas._


GOULE, _s._ The throat.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _gueule_, id.


GOULL-BANE, _s._ That bone which is the top of the _femur_, S. B.


GOULMAU.

V. ~Gormaw~.


_To_ GOUP, _v. n._ To stare.

V. ~Goif~.


GOUPIN, GOWPIN, GOUPING, _s._

1. The hollow of the hand, contracted in a semicircular form to receive
any thing, S. B.

_Goupins_, both hands held together in form of a round vessel, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A handful, S.; also _goupenfow_.

  _Bellenden._

    Isl. _gaupn_, Su. G. _goepn_, manus concava.


GOUPHERD, _part. pa._ Puffed.

  _Watson._

    Fr. _gauffr-er_, to adorn a garment with puffs.


GOURDED, _part. adj._ Gorged; applied to water when pent up, S. B.

V. ~Gurd~.


GOURIE, _s._ Garbage of salmon, Aberd.

    Isl. _gor_, _gorr_, sanies.

  _Spalding._


GOURL.

V. ~Gurl~.


GOUSTY, _adj._

1. Desolate, dreary, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Ghostly, preternatural.

  _Pop. Ball._

    O. Fr. _gast_, wasteness, _guast-er_, to desolate.


GOUSTROUS, _adj._

1. Dark, wet, stormy, Dumfr.

    Isl. _giostr_, ventus frigidus.

2. Frightful, ibid.


GOUTHERFOW, _adj._ Having the appearance of astonishment; staring
wildly, Ang.

    Isl. _galldr_, incantatio, q. _galldur-full_, under the power of
incantation.


GOW, _s._ A halo; a cloudy, colourless circle surrounding the disk of
the sun or moon, Ang.; _brugh_, synon.

    Isl. _gyll_, parelion.


GOW, _s. To tak the gow_, to run off without paying one's debts, Ang.

    O. Teut. _gouw_, a country.


GOWAN. _s._

1. The generic name for daisy, S.

  _Brand._

2. Singly, it denotes the mountain daisy, S.

    Gael. _gugan_, a daisy.

  _Burns._

~Ewe-gowan~, _s._ The common daisy, S. B. probably from the _ewe_, as
being frequent in pastures, and fed on by sheep.

~Horse-gowan~, _s._ The Leontodon, the Hypochaeris, and the Crepis, S.

~Yellow-gowan~, In S., denoting different species of the Ranunculus, the
Marsh marigold, and Corn marigold.

  _Ramsay._

~Gowany~, _adj._ Abounding with daisies, S.

  _Ramsay._


GOWAND, _s._ Apparently, equivalent to _young man_.

  _Henrysone._

    A. S. _gowen_, tyrocinium; q. in a state of apprenticeship.


GOWDIE. _Heels o'er gowdie_, topsy-turvy, S.

  _Burns._


GOWDY, _s._ A jewel.

  _Evergreen._

    Chaucer, _Gaudee_. Fr.


_To_ GOWFF, _v. a._ To strike, S.

  _Ritson._


GOWINIS, _s. pl._ Gowns.

  _Henrysone._


GOWK, GOUK, _s._ A fool, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Franc. _gouch_, stolidus, Germ. _gauch_.

~Gowkit~, ~Gauckit~, ~Guckit~, _part. adj._

1. Foolish, S.

  _Lyndsay._

2. Light; applied to young women.

  _Peblis Play._

~Gowkitlie~, _adv._ Foolishly.

  _Maitland P._


GOWK, GOLK, _s._ The cuckoo, S. _gouckoo_, S. B. _gock_, Stirlings.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _goek_, Isl. _gouk-r_, id.

~Gowk's errand~, A fool's errand, S.

_To hunt the gowk_, to go on a fool's errand.

  _Ramsay._

~Gowk's-hose~, _s._ Canterbury bells, S.

~Gowk's-meat~, _s._ Wood sorrel, S.

  _Lightfoot._

~Gowk's-spittle~, The frothy matter frequently seen on the leaves of
plants, S.


GOWL, _s._ A hollow between hills, Perths.

  _Muses Threnodie._

    Isl. _gaul_, any chasm or aperture.


GOWLIS, _s. pl._ Gules, in Heraldry.

  _Dunbar._


GOWP, _s._ A mouthful; E. _gulp_.

  _Philot._


GRABBLES, _s. pl._ A disease of cows, in which all their limbs become
crazy, Ang.


GRACE DRINK, The drink taken by a company, after the giving of thanks at
the end of a meal, S.

  _Encyc. Brit._


_To_ GRADDAN, _v. a._ To prepare grain by scorching the ears, S.

  _Boswell._

    Su. G. _graedd-u_, igne torrere, Gael. _graed-am_, id.

~Graddan~, _s._

1. Grain burnt out of the ear, S.

2. That kind of snuff which is commonly called _bran_, as consisting of
large grains, S.

    Gael. _greadan_, snuff.


GRAF, GRAWE, _s._ A grave, Loth. _graff_.

  _Stat. Will._

    A. S. _graef_, Alem. _graua_, id.


GRAGGIT, _part. pa._ Excommunicated.

  _Lyndsay._


GRAY, _adj._ Denoting what is bad or fatal, S.

  _Kelly._


GRAY FISH, _s._ The coal fish.

  _Stat. Acc._


_To_ GRAIF, GRAWE, _v. a._ To bury.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _graf-an_, Su. G. _be-grafw-a_, id.


_To_ GRAYF, _v. a._ To engrave.

  _Douglas._


GRAYLORD, _s._ The Coal fish full grown.

  _Martin._


_To_ GRAINE, GRANE, _v. n._

1. To groan, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _gran-ian_, Belg. _gran-en_, id.

~Graine~, ~Grane~, _s._ A groan, S.

  _Chr. Kirk._


GRAIN, GRANE, _s._

1. The branch of a tree, S. B.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. The stem of a plant.

  _Douglas._

3. A branch of a river, S.

  _Douglas._

4. In pl., the prongs of a fork, S.

    Su. G. _gren-a_, Isl. _grein-a_, dividere; _grein_, distinctio.


GRAINTER, _s._ One who has the charge of granaries.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _grenetier_, id.


_To_ GRAIP, _v. a._

1. To grope, S.

    A. S. _grap-an_, id.

2. To feel; in general.

  _Lyndsay._


GRAIP, GRIP, _s._ The griffin.

  _Burel._

    Goth. _greip_, a ravenous bird.


GRAIP, _s._ A dung fork, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _grepe_, id.


_To_ GRAITH, GRATHE, _v. a._

1. To make ready, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To put on military accoutrements.

  _Wallace._

3. To dress food.

  _Chalm. Air._

    A. S. _geraed-ian_, parare; Isl. _greid-a_, expedire.

~Graith~, _adj._

1. Ready.

  _Barbour._

2. Not embarrassed.

  _Wallace._

3. Straight, direct.

  _Wallace._

4. Earnest; as to observation.

  _Wallace._

~Graith~, _s._

1. Apparatus of whatever kind, S. _gear_, synon.

  _Douglas._

_House-graith_, Furniture of a house, S.

_Maister-graith_, The beam by which horses are joined to a plough or
harrow, Ang.

_Riding-graith_, Furniture necessary for riding, S.

  _Burns._

2. Accoutrements for war.

  _Lyndsay._

3. Substance, riches.

  _Philotus._

4. Wearing apparel.

  _Chalm. Air._

5. Any composition used by tradesmen in preparing their work.

  _Chalm. Air._

6. Suds for washing clothes, S.

  _Ramsay._

7. Stale urine, Ang.

8. Materials of a literary composition.

    A. S. _ge-raede_, apparatus.

  _Douglas._

~Graithly~, _adv._

1. Readily.

  _Barbour._

2. Eagerly.

  _Douglas._


GRAM, _s._

1. Wrath.

  _Palice Honour._

    A. S.  Su. G. _gram_, id.

2. Sorrow.

    A. S. id. molestia.

  _Doug._

~Gram~, _adj._ Warlike.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _gram_, A. S. _grame_, iratus.


GRAMARYE, _s._ Magic.

  _Lay Last Minstrel._

    Fr. _grammaire_, grammar.


GRAMASHES, _s._

1. Gaiters reaching to the knees.

2. A kind of stockings worn instead of boots, S.

    Fr. _gamaches_, id.

  _Colvil._


GRAMMAW, _s._ A voracious eater, S. V. ~Gormaw~.


GRANATE, GRANIT, _adj._ Ingrained. ed.

  _Palice Honour._


GRANDGORE, _s._ V. ~Glengore~.


GRANDSHER, _s._ Great-grandfather.

  _Quon. Att._


GRANGE, _s._

1. The buildings pertaining to a corn farm.

  _Douglas._

2. The place where the rents and tithes of religious houses, paid in
grain, were delivered and deposited.

  _Nimmo._

    Fr. _grange_, id.


GRANIT, _part. adj._ Forked. V. ~Grain~.

  _Douglas._


GRANK, _s._ The groaning of a wounded hart.

    Belg. _geronk_, a snoring.


GRANZEBENE, _s._ The Grampian mountains in S.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ GRAP, GRAPE, _v. a._

1. To grope, S.

    A. S. _grap-ian_, id.

  _Burns._

2. Metaph. to examine.

  _Douglas._


GRAPPLING, A mode of catching salmon, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


GRAPUS, _s._ The devil, or a hobgoblin, Ang.


GRASCHOWE-HEIDET, _adj._

    Fr. _graisseux_, greasy?

  _Dunbar._


_To_ GRATHE, _v. a._ To make ready. V. ~Graithe~.


GRATHING, L. _gruching_.

  _Wallace._


GRATINIS, L. _gratius_, gracious.

  _Houl._


GRATNIZIED, _part. pa._ Quilled.

    Fr. _gratigné_, scratched.

  _Watson._


_To_ GRASSIL, GRISSEL, GIRSSIL, _v. n._ To rustle.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _gresill-er_, to crackle.


GRAVIN, GRAWYN, Interred. V. ~Graif~, _v._ 1.


GRAUIS, _s. pl._ Groves.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _graf_, lucus.


GRAUNT. _adj._ Great.

  _Barbour._


GRE, GREE, _s._

1. A step.

  _Pal. Hon._

2. Degree, quality.

  _Douglas._

3. The superiority.

  _Houlate._

_To wyn the gree_, to be victor, S.

4. The prize.

_To bear the gre_, to carry off the prize, S.

  _Douglas._

5. Vogue, celebrity.

  _Gl. Shirr._

6. Humour.

  _Winyet._

7. Degree in measurement.

  _Bellenden._

8. Degree of affinity.

  _Wyntown._


GRECHES, _v._ Perhaps, frets.

  _Sir Gawan._


GREDUR, _s._ Greediness.

  _Burel._


_To_ GREE, _v. n._ To agree, S.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _gre-er_, id.

_To_ ~Gree~, _v. a._ To reconcile those at variance, S.


GREE, _s._

1. Tinge, dye.

  _Ross._

2. The _ichor_ which oozes from a sore in a brute animal, Ang.


GREEK, (of stones) _s._ The grain, S.

    Su. G. _gryt_, id.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ GREEN, _v. n._ To long. V. ~Grene~.


GREENBONE, _s._

1. Viviparous Blenny, Orkn.

  _Barry._

2. The Sea-needle.

  _Sibb._


GREEN BREESE, A stinking pool, Banffs.


GREEN LINTWHITE, Greenfinch, S.


GREEN SLOKE, Oyster green, S.


GREGIOUN, _s._ A Greek.

  _Douglas._


GREY, _s._ A badger.

  _King's Quair._


GREY, _s._ A greyhound. V. ~Grewe~.


GREYD, _part. pa._ Graduated.

  _Wyntown._


GREIF, _s._

1. A fault.

  _Douglas._

2. Indignation for offences.

  _Id._


GREIF, GRIEVE, _s._

1. A monitor.

  _Henrysone._

2. The manager of a farm, or overseer of any work, S.

  _Kelly._

    O. Teut. _graef_, praefectus, A. S. _ge-refa_, praeses.


_To_ GREIN, _v. n._ To long.

V. ~Grene~.


GREIS, _s. pl._ Greaves.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _greves_, id.


_To_ GREIT, GRETE, GREET, _v. n._ To weep, to cry, S.

  _Barbour._

    Moes. G. _gret-an_, Su. G. _graet-a_, flere.

~Greit~, ~Grete~, ~Greting~, _s._ The act of weeping, S.

  _Douglas._


GREKING, GRYKING, _s._ Peep of day, S.

V. ~Creek~.

  _Douglas._


GRENDES. _s. pl._ Grandees.

  _Sir Gawan._


_To_ GRENE, GREIN, _v. n._

1. To long for, S.

  _Evergreen._

2. To long, as a woman with child, S.

    A. S. _georn-an_, desiderare.

  _Ruddiman._

~Grening~, ~Greening~, _s._

1. Longing, S.

  _Forbes._

2. The object of this longing.

  _Montgom._


GRENE-SERENE, _s._ The Greenfinch.

  _Complaynt S._


GRESSOUME.

V. ~Gersome~.


GRETE, _s._ Gravel in rivers.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _greot_, Su. G. _gryt_, Isl. _griot_, id.


GRETE, _s._ A stair.

    Teut. _graet_.

  _Wallace._


GRETUMLY, GRYTUMLY, _adv._ Greatly.

  _Barbour._


GREUE, _s._ A grove.

  _Sir Gawan._


GREW, _s._ A greyhound, _gru_, S.

  _Bellenden._


GREWE, _s._

1. Greece.

  _Henrysone._

2. The Greek language.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _griu_, id.


GREWING, _s._ Grievance.

  _Barbour._


GRIECE, _s._ _Gray griece_, a fur worn by the Lords of Parliament.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Germ. _greis_, grey.


GRIES, _s._ Gravel.

  _Palice Honour._

    Germ. _gries_, id.


GRIESHOCH, _s._ Hot embers, Ayrs.

    Gael. _griosach_.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


GRIEVE, _s._ An overseer.

V. ~Greif~.

_To_ ~Grieve~, _v. a._ To oversee, S.

  _Pal. Hon._


_To_ GRYIS, GRISE, _v. a._ To affright.

    A. S. _agris-an_, horrere.

_To_ ~Grise~, _v. n._ To shudder.

  _Douglas._


GRYKING, _s._ Peep of day.

V. ~Greking~.


_To_ GRILLE, _v. a._ To pierce.

  _Sir Gawan._


GRYLLE, _adj._ Horrible.

  _Sir Gawan._


GRYLLES, _s. pl._

  _Sir Gawan._


GRILSE, GILSE, _s._ A salmon not fully grown, by some viewed as a
distinct species, S.

  _Stat. Rob. I._

    Sw. _graelax_, id. q. a grey salmon.


GRYMING, _s._ A sprinkling, a thin covering, S. A.

  _Minst. Bord._

    Isl. _gryma_, nox a pruina.


GRYNTARIS, _s. pl._

V. ~Grainter~.

  _Lyndsay._


GRYPPIT, _pret._ Searched.

  _Douglas._

~Grip~, _s._ Possession.

  _Gawan and Gol._

~Grippy~, _adj._ Disposed to defraud, S.

    A. S. _grife_, avarus.

~Grippill~, _adj._ Tenacious.

  _Douglas._


GRIS, GRYS, GRYCE, _s._ A pig, S. _griskin_, Ang.

    Su. G. _grys_, id.

  _Doug._


_To_ GRISE, GRYSE.

V. ~Gryis~.


_To_ GRISSILL, _v. a._ To gnash.

  _Doug._


GRIST, _s._ Thickness, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


GRIST, _s._ Fee paid at a mill for grinding, S.

  _Ruddiman._

    A. S. _ge-ris-an_, contundere.


GRIT, GRYT, _adj._

1. Great, S.  S. B. _grite_.

  _Ross._

2. Large, big, S.

  _Burel._

3. Thick, gross, S.

  _Dunbar._

4. In a state of intimacy, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _grith_, Isl. _grid_, pax.

5. Swelled with rain, S.

  _Spalding._

6. The heart is said to be _grit_, when one is ready to cry, S.

  _Minst. Bord._

_Grit-hearted_, _adj._ used in the same sense, S.


GRIT, _s._ The grain of stones, S.

  _St. Acc._

    C. B. id. lapis arenosus.


GRYTH, _s._ Quarter in battle.

  _Wallace._


GROATS, _s. pl._ Oats with the husks taken off, S.

    A. S. _grut_, far.

  _Kelly._


GROFF, _adj._

1. Having harsh features, S.

2. Unpolished, S.

  _Watson._

    Teut. _grof_, rudis.

3. Obscene, smutty, S.


GROME, GROYME, GRUME, _s._

1. A man.

  _K. Hart._

2. Paramour, lover.

V. ~Gome~.

  _Evergr._


GROOSIE, _adj._ As regarding the face; having a coarse skin, with a
greasy appearance, S.

    Belg. _gruyzig_, nasty.


GROSE, _s._ Style of writing.

  _Doug._

    Fr. _grosse_, engrossment of a deed.


_To_ GROSE, _v. a._

1. To rub off the wiry edge of a tool, Loth.

2. To rub off part of one's skin, ibid.

    Dan. _groett-er_, to bruise.


GROSET, GROSER, GROSERT, _s._ A gooseberry, S.

  _Burns._

    Gael. _grosaid_, Su. G. _krusbaer_, id.


GROSSE. _In grosse_, At random.

  _Muses Thren._


_To_ GROUE, GROWE, _v. n._

1. To shudder, to shiver, S. _groose_, Loth.

2. To be filled with terror.

  _Barbour._

3. To shrink back.

  _Houlate._

4. To feel horror, S.

  _Barbour._

    Teut. _grouw-en_, Dan. _gru-er_, horrere.

~Grousum~, _adj._

1. Frightful, S.

2. Very uncomely, S.

  _Burns._

    Germ. _grausam_, dreadful, ghastly.


GROUF, GRUF, _s._ The disturbed sleep which one has during sickness, S.


_To_ GROUK, _v. n._ To overlook with a watchful and apparently
suspicious eye, Ang.

    Teut. _ghe_ and _roeck-en_, curare.


_To_ GROUNCH, GRUNTSCH, _v. n._

1. To grunt.

  _Ruddiman._

2. To grumble, S. B.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _gronch-er_, id.


GROUNDIE-SWALLOW, _s._ Groundsel, S.


GROUNDS, _s. pl._ Refuse of flax, Loth.


GROZLIN, _part. adj._ Breathing with difficulty through the nose, Fife.


GRU, _s._ The crane.

    Fr. _grue_.

  _Burel._


GRU, _s._

1. A particle, an atom, S.

2. Applied to the mind.

_He has na a gru of sense_, S.

    Gr. γρυ, quicquid minutum est.


_To_ GRUB, _v. a._ To plant, or to prune.

    Moes. G. _grab-an_, fodere, pret. _grob_.


_To_ GRUCH, _v. n._ To grudge.

  _Wyntown._

~Gruching~, ~Growch~ _s._ Repining.

  _Wallace._


GRUFE, GROUFE. _On groufe_, flat, with the face towards the earth.

_To be on one's grufe_, to be in this manner, S.

  _Henrysone_.

    Isl. _gruf-a_, cernuare; _a grufwa_, cernué; _liggia a grufu_, in
faciem et pectus cubare.

~Grufelyngis~, ~Grulingis~, _adv._ In a grovelling attitude.

  _Douglas._


_To_ GRUGGLE, _v. a._ To put any thing out of order by much handling, S.

V. ~Misgrugle~.


GRUGOUS, _adj._ Grim.

V. ~Gruous~.


GRUME, _s._ A man.

V. ~Grome~.


GRUMMEL, _s._ Mud, dregs, Ang.

  _Godscroft._

    Isl. _groml_, coenum, turbida aqua; Su. G. _grummel_, id.

~Grumly~, _adj._ Muddy, dreggy, Ang. _Gumlie_, S. O.

    Su. G. _grumlog_, id.

  _Burns._


_To_ GRUMPH, _v. n._ To grunt, S.

    Su. G. _grymt-a_, id.

~Grumph~, _s._ A grunt, S.

~Grumphie~, _s._ A vulgar name for a sow, S.

  _Ramsay._


GRUNDIN, _part. pa._ Whetted; old part. of _grind_.

  _Douglas._


GRUNYE, _s._ Promontory.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _groign_, promontoire, Roquef.


GRUNYIE, _s._

1. The mouth, ludicrously, S.

  _Ruddiman._

    Fr. _groin_, the snout; Isl. _graun_, os et nasus.

2. A grunt.

  _Dunbar._


GRUNTILL, GRUNTLE, _s._

1. The snout.

  _Lyndsay._

2. The face in general, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ GRUNTLE, _v. n._ To coo, as infants, when highly pleased, S.

    O. Fr. _grondil-er_, murmurer.

~Gruntle~, _s._

1. The sound made by infants, S.

2. A grunting sound of any kind, S.

  _Cleland._


_To_ GRUNTSCH.

V. ~Grounch~.


GRUOUS, GRUGOUS, _s._ Grisly. S. B.

V. ~Groue~.

  _Journal Lond._


GRUPE, _s._ A hollow behind the stalls of horses or cattle, for
receiving their dung and urine, S.

    A. S. _groepe_, a small ditch.


GRUPPIT, _part._ Sprained, S. B.


_To_ GRUSE, _v. a._ To press, Fife.

    Germ. _grus-en_, comminuere.


GRUSHIE, Of thriving growth, Ayrs.   _Burns._

    Teut. _grootsigh_, amplus, Flandr. _groese_, vigor.


GRUTTEN, _part. pa._ Cried, S.

V. ~Greit~.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ GRUZZLE, _v. n._ To move the lips as if one were sucking, so as to
articulate indistinctly, Loth.

V. ~Gruse~.


GUBERT, _adj._ With wreathed figures.

Fr. _guipure_, wreathed work.

  _Watson._


_To_ GUCK, _v. n._ To trifle.

  _Montgomerie._

    Teut. _guygh-en_, nugari.

~Guckit~, _adj._ Foolish.

V. ~Gowkit~.

~Guckrie~, _s._ Foolishness.

  _Philotus._


GUD, _s._

1. Substance.

  _Wallace._

2. Provisions.

  _Wallace._


GUD, GUDE, _adj._

1. Good, S.

2. Brave.

    Su. G. _god_, id.

  _Wyntown._

3. Well-born, S.

  _Wallace._

    Moes. G. _guds_, Alem. _guot_, Su. G. _god_, nobilis.

4. In composition, denoting the various relations of blood or alliance.

~Gud-brother~, _s._ Brother-in-law, S.

  _Minst. Bord._

~Guddame~, _s._ Grandmother, S.

  _Wyntown._

~Gud-dochter~, _s._

1. Daughter-in-law, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A step-daughter, S.

~Gudeman~, _s._ A husband, S.

  _Ross._

~Gud-fader~, _s._

1. Father-in-law, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. A stepfather, S.

~Gud-moder~, _s._

1. Mother-in-law, S.

  _Baillie._

2. A step-mother, S.

  _Bellenden._

~Gud-syr~, ~Gud-schir~, ~Gudsher~, (pron. _gutsher_) _s._ A grandfather,
S.

  _Wyntown._

~Gudsister~, _s._ A sister-in-law, S.

~Gud-sone~, _s._

1. Son-in-law, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A step-son, S.


GUD, GUDE, _s._ Used for the name of God, S.

    Goth. _gud_, id. traced to _gud_, bonus.


_To_ GUDDLE, _v. a._ To mangle, to haggle, S.

    Fr. _coutelé_, slaughtered.


_To_ GUDE, GUID, GOOD, _v. a._ To manure; also _gudin_.

  _Monroe._

    Su. G. _goed-a_ stercorare.

~Gudin~, ~Gooding~, _s._ Manure, S.

  _Brand._


GUDELIHED, _s._ Beauty.

  _K. Quair._

    A. S. _godlic_, pulcher, and _had_.


GUDGET, _s._

1. A trull.

  _Philotus._

    Fr. _goujate_, id.

2. A servant attending the camp.

  _Rollock._


GUDGIE, _adj._ Short and thick, S.

    Fr. _gouju_, chuffy.


GUDLINIS, _s._ Base metal mixed illegally with gold.

  _Lyndsay._


GUDWILLIE, GUDWILLIT, _adj._

1. Liberal, S.

  _Watson._

    Su. G. _godwillig_, benevolus.

2. Cordial.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _godvillie_, spontaneus.


GUEED, _adj._ Good, S. B.

  _Ross._

~Gueeds~, _s. pl._ Goods, S. B.

  _Ross._


GUEDE, _s._ _No guede_, not a whit.

    Fr. _ne goute_, nothing.

  _Sir Tristrem._


GUEST-HOUSE, _s._ A place of entertainment.

     A. S. _gest-hus_, id.

  _Rutherford._


GUFF, _s._ A savour, a smell, S.

    Isl. _gufa_, vapor.


GUFF, GOFF, _s._ A fool, Gl. Sibb.

    Fr. _goffe_, id.; Isl. _gufa_, vappa, homo nibili.

~Guffie~, _adj._ Stupid, foolish, S.


GUFFER, _s._ Viviparous blenny.

  _Sibbald._


GUHYT. L. ~Gyhyt~. _pret._ Hid.

    A. S. _gehyt_, occultat.

  _Wallace._


GUIDE-THE-FIRE, a poker, Fife.


GUIDE-THE-GATE, a halter for a horse, Dumfr.


GUIDESHIP, _s._ Usage, S. B.

  _Ross._


GUIDON, _s._ A standard.

    Fr.

  _Godscroft._


To GUIK.

V. ~Gouk~.

  _L. Hailes._


GUILDE, GOOL, _s._ Corn marigold, S.

_Gules_, S. B.

    Su. G. _gul_, _gol_, yellow.

~Gool riding~, _s._ Riding through a parish, to observe the growth of
_guild_, and to fine the negligent farmer, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


GUKKOW, _s._ The cuckow.

V. ~Gowk~.


GUKSTON GLAIKSTON, a contemptuous designation expressive of the
combination of folly and vain-glory.

  _Knox._

    From _gowk_, a fool, and _glaiks_, the unstable reflexion of rays of
light.


GULBOW, _s._ Intimacy, Orkn.

    Isl. _gilld_, sodalitium, and _bo_, incola.


GULE, _adj._ Yellow.

V. ~Gool~.


To GULLER, _v. n._ To guggle, S.; _buller_, synon.

    Sw. _kolr-a_, id.


GULLY, _s._

1. A large knife, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. _To guide the gully_, to have the chief management, S.

  _Ross._

3. A warlike weapon, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

_To_ ~Gulligaw~, _v. a._ To wound with a knife in a quarrel, S. B.

    From _gully_, and _gaw_ to excoriate.


GULLION, _s._ A quagmire, Loth.

    Su. G. _goel_, O. Germ. _gulle_, vorago.


GULP, _s._ A big unwieldy child, Ang.


GULSCHY, _adj._ Gross in the body, Clydes.

    Teut. _gulsigh_, voracious.


GULSCHOCH, _s._ The jaundice.

  _Complaynt S._

    Su. G. _gulsot_, Belg. _geelzucht_, id. i. e. the yellow sickness.

~Gulschoch~, _adj._ Having a jaundiced appearance.

  _Evergreen._


GULSOCH, _s._ Voracious appetite, Fife.

    Teut. _gulsigh_, gulosus.


GUM, _s._

1. A mist.

  _Douglas._

2. Variance, umbrage, S.

    Arab. _ghum_, sorrow.


GUMLY, _adj._ Muddy.

V. ~Grumly~.


GUMPHIE, _s._ A fool, Ang.

    Isl. _gumps_, frustratio; Dan. _kumse_, a blockhead.


GUMPLEFACED, _adj._ Chopfallen, S.

    O. Fr. _guimple_, a veil worn by nuns; q. having the aspect of a
nun.


GUMPTION, _s._ Understanding, S.

_Gawmtion_, A. Bor. id.

  _J. Nicol._

    Moes. G, _gaum-jan_, percipere.


GUNNER FLOOK, the Turbot.

  _Sibb._


GUNSTANE, _s._ A flint, S.


GURAN, _s._ A small boil, S.

    Gael.  Ir. _guiran_, a pimple.


_To_ GURD, GOURD, _v. n._ To stop; applied to running water, when
stopped in its course by earth, ice, &c. S. B.

  _Doug._

    Fr. _gourd-ir_, to benumb.


_To_ GURDE, _v. a._ To strike.

V. ~Gird~.

  _Sir Gawan._


GURDEN, _v. 3 pl._ Gird.

  _Id._


GURL, GOURL, GURLIE, GOURLIE, _adj._

1. Bleak, stormy, S.

  _Doug._

2. Surly.

  _Evergreen._

    Belg. _guur_, cold, bleak.


GURR, _s._ A knotty stick or tree, Ang.


GUSCHACH, _s._ The fireside, Aberd.


GUSCHET, _s._

1. The armour by which the armpit was defended.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. gousset, id.

2. The clock of a stocking, S.

  _Forbes._


GUSE, _s._ The long gut, S.


GUSEHORN, GUISSERN, _s._ The gizzard, S.

    Fr. _gesier_, id.

  _Watson._


GUSSIE, _s._ A coarse lusty woman, S.

    Fr. _goussé_, stuffed with eating.


_To_ GUST, _v. a._

1. To taste, S.

  _Chalm. Air._

2. To give a relish to.

  _Ferguson._

_To_ ~Gust~, _v. n._

1. To eat.

  _Bellenden._

2. To have a relish of.

  _Bellenden._

3. To smell.

  _Douglas._

4. To learn from experience.

  _G. Buchanan._

    Lat. _gust-are_, Fr. _goust-er_.

~Gust~, _s._ A relish, S.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

~Gusted~, _part._ Having a savour.

  _Monroe._

~Gusty~, _adj._ Savoury, S.

  _Ramsay._


GUSTARD, _s._ The great bustard.

  _Sibb._


GUT, _s._ The gout, S.

  _Watson._


GUTSY, _adj._ Gluttonous, S.

    From E. _guts_.


_To_ GUTTER, _v. n._ To do any thing in a dirty way, Ang.

~Gutters~, _s. pl._ Mire, dirt.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _gyttia_, mire.

~Guttery~, _adj._ Miry, S.


GUTTY, _adj._ Thick, gross; applied both to persons and things, S.



H


HAAF, HA-AF, HAAF-FISHING, _s._ The fishing of ling, cod, and tusk,
Shetl.

  _Neill._

_To go to haaf_ or _haaves_, to go out to the main sea, Orkn.

    Isl. Su. G. _haf_, mare.

~Haaf-fish~, _s._ The great seal, Shetl.


HAAFLANG, _adj._ Half-grown.

V. ~Halflin~.


HAAR, _s._

1. A fog, S.

2. A chill easterly wind, S.

V. ~Hair~, _adj._

  _Nimmo._


_To_ HAAVE, _v. a._ To fish with a pock-net, Bord.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Su. G. _haaf_, rete minus; Dan. _haav_, a bow net.


_To_ HABBER, _v. n._ To stutter, S.

    Belg. _haper-en_, id.

~Habbergaw~, _s._

1. Hesitation, S. B.

2. An objection, S. B.

    _Habber v._ and Isl. _galle_, vitium.


HABBIE, _adj._ Stiff in motion, Loth.; q. like a _hobby-horse_.


_To_ HABBLE, _v. n._

1. To snap at any thing, as a dog does, S.

2. Denoting the growling noise made by a dog when eating voraciously, S.

    Teut. _habb-en_, captare.

~Habble~, _s._ The act of snapping, S.


_To_ HABBLE, _v. n._

1. To stutter, S.

    Su. G. _happl-a_, id.

  _A. Douglas._

2. To speak or act confusedly, S.


HABBLE, HOBBLE, _s._ A perplexity, S.

    Fland. _hobbel_, nodus.


HABBLIE, _adj._ Having big bones, S.


HABIL, HABLE, _adj._

1. Qualified, S.

Lat. _habil-is_, Fr. _habile_.

  _Wyntown._

2. Disposed to.

  _Maitland P._

3. Used in the sense of _able_.

  _Lyndsay._

4. Liable, exposed.

  _K. Quair._

_To_ ~Hable~, _v. a._ To enable.

  _K. Quair._


HABIRIHONE, _s._ Habergeon.

  _Douglas._


HABITAKLE, _s._ Habitation.

  _Lyndsay._

    Lat. _habitacul-um_.


_To_ HABOUND, _v. n._

1. To abound.

2. To increase in size.

  _Douglas._


HACE, HAIS, _adj._ Hoarse.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. Isl. _has_, Su. G. _haes_, id.


HACHART, _s._ A cougher.

V. ~Haugh~.

  _Maitland P._


HACHES, _s. pl._ Racks for hay.

V. ~Hack~.

  _Sir Gawan._


HACK, HAKE, HECK, _s._

1. A rack for cattle, S.

_To live at hack and manger_, S. to live in great fulness.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _haeck_, locus ubi foenum equis apponitur.

2. A frame suspended from the roof for drying cheeses, S.

  _Ross._


HACK, _s. Muck-hack_, a dung-fork, Ang.

    Dan. _hakke_, a mattock.

  _Statist. Acc._


HACK, _s._ A chop in the hands or feet, S.

    Isl. _hiack-a_, Su. G. _hack-a_, to chop.

_To_ ~Hack~, _v. n._ To be chopped, S.


HACKREY-LOOK'D, _adj._ Rough, gruff; pitted with the small-pox; Orkn.

    Dan. _hak_, a notch.


HACKSTOCK, _s._ A chopping-block, S. Germ.


HACSHE, _s._ Ache, pain.

  _Dunbar._


HADDYR, HADDER, _s._ Heath; _heather_, S.

  _Wallace._


HADDER ~and~ PELTER, a flail, Dumf.


HADDIES COG, a measure formerly used for meting out the meal
appropriated for supper to the servants, Ang.

    Su. G. _had_, a person.


_To_ HAE, _v. a._ To have, S.

  _Ross._

~Hae~, _s._ Property, Aberd.


HAFF-MERK MARRIAGE, a clandestine marriage, S. from the price paid.

  _Ramsay._

_To gae to the half-mark kirk_, to go to be married clandestinely, S.


HAFFIT, HAFFAT, HALFFET, _s._ The side of the head, S.

  _Pitscottie._

    A. S. _healf-heafod_, semicranium.


HAFLES, _adj._ Destitute.

  _Houlate._

    Belg. _havelos_, id.


HAFT, _s._ Dwelling, S. B.

  _Forbes._

    Su. G. _haefd_, possessio.


_To_ HAG, _v. a._

1. To hew, S.

    Isl. _hogg-ua_.

2. To mangle any business.

  _Walker._

~Hag~, _s._

1. One cutting of a certain quantity of wood, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. Moss-ground formerly broken up, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


HAGABAG, _s._

1. Coarse table-linen, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

2. Refuse of any kind, S. B.


HAGBERRY, HACK-BERRY, _s._ The Bird-cherry. S.

  _Lightfoot._

    Sw. _haeggebaer_, the fruit of bird's cherry.


HAGBUT ~of~ CROCHE, or CROCHERT, a kind of fire-arms anciently used, S.

  _Complaynt S._

    O. Fr. _hacqubute a croc_, from _croc_, _crochet_, the hook by which
the arquebuse was fixed to a kind of tripod.

~Hagbutar~, _s._ A musqueteer.

  _Compl. S._


HAGE, _L. Hagis_, hedges.

  _Wallace._


HAGG, _s._ A hagbut; denominated from the butt being crooked.

  _Gl. Compl._

    Su. G. _hake_ cuspis incurva.


HAGGARBALDS, _s. pl._ A term of contempt.

V. ~Heggerbald~.

  _Dunbar._


HAGGART, _s._ A stackyard, Galloway.

    Su. G. _hage_, praedium; _geard_, sepes.


HAGGART, _s._ Old useless horse, Loth.


_To_ HAGGER. _It's haggerin_, it rains gently, Ang., whence _hagger_, a
small rain; _hutherin_, synon.


HAGGERDECASH, _adv._ Topsy-turvy, Ang.


HAGGERSNASH, _s._ Offals, S. B.

    Su. G. _hugg-a_, to hack, and _snask-a_, to devour.


HAGGIES, _s._ A dish commonly made in a sheep's maw, of its lungs, heart
and liver, minced with suet, onions, salt and pepper; or of oat-meal,
mixed with the latter, without any animal food, S.

    From _hag_, q. to chop.

  _Dunbar._


HAICHES, _s._ Force, S. B.

V. ~Hauch~.

  _Morison._


HAGMAN, _s._ A feller of wood, S.


HAGMANÉ _s._

V. ~Hogmanay~.


HAID, _s._ Whit.

V. ~Hate~.


_To_ HAIFF, HAIF, _v. a._ To have; _hae_, S.

  _Barbour._


To HAIG, _v. a._ To butt, Moray.

  _Popular Ball._

    Isl. _hiack-a_, feritare, from _hoegg_, caedere.


_To_ HAIK, _v. n._ To anchor.

  _Maitl. P._

    Teut. _haeck-en_, unco figere.


_To_ HAIK, _v. n._ To go about idly from place to place, S.

    Perhaps the same with E. _hawk_.


_To_ HAIL, _v. a. To hail the ba_, at football.

_To hail the dules_, to reach the mark.

    Isl. _hille_, tego.

  _Chr. Kirk._

~Hail~, _s._ The place where those who play at football, or other games,
strike off, S.


_To_ HAIL, _v. a._ To haul, S.

  _Compl. S._


_To_ HAIL, HALE, _v. n._ To pour down, S.

    Su. G. _haella_, effundere.

  _Ross._


HAILSOME, _adj._ Wholesome, S.

    Germ. _heilsam_, id.

  _Hamilton._


HAILUMLY, _adv._ Wholly, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ HAYLYS, HAYLS, _v. a._ To hail.

    Su. G. _hels-a_, salutare.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ HAIMHALD.

V. ~Hamhald~.


HAIMS, HAMMYS, HEMS, _s. pl._ A collar, formed of two pieces of wood,
put round the neck of a working horse or ox, S.

  _Palice Honour._

    Teut. _hamme koe-hamme_, numella.


_To_ HAIN, HANE, _v. a._ To spare. S.

  _Forbes._

2. Not to expend, S.

  _Kelly._

_To_ ~Hain~, _v. n._ To be penurious, S.

  _Rams._

~Haining~.

V. ~Haning~.


_To_ HAINGLE, _v. n._

1. To go about feebly, S.

2. To dangle, S.

    Sw. _haengl-a_, to languish.

~Haingles~, _s. pl._

1. The influenza, Ang.

2. _To hae the haingles_, to be in a state of _ennui_, Ang.


HAIP, _s._ A sloven, Ang. Fife.

  _A. Doug._

    Perhaps from E. _heap_, cumulus; S. B. pron. _haip_.


HAIR, _s._ A very small portion, S.


HAIR, HAR, HARE, _adj._

1. Cold.

  _Douglas._

2. Keen, biting.

  _Montgomerie._

3. Moist; as in _hair-mould_, that kind of mouldiness which appears on
bread, &c.; and _hayr rym_, hoar-frost.

  _Complaynt S._

4. Ungrateful to the ear.

  _Henrysone._

5. Hoary, with age.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _har_, canus; _hor_, mucor.


HAIRSE, _s._ A lustre, S. B.

    Germ. _kerze_, a candle.


HAIRST, _s._ Harvest, S. _haist_, Moray.

  _Macneill._

    Belg. _herfst_, Isl. _haust_, Dan. _hoest_, id.


HAIRT, s. _Fleing Hairt_.

  _Burel._


HAIR-TETHER, _s._ A tether made of hair, S.


_To_ HAISTY, _v. a._ To hasten.

  _Bellenden._


HAIT, _part. pa._ Called.

V. ~Hat~.


HAIT, _s._ A whit.

V. ~Hate~.


HAITH, a minced oath, S.

  _A. Nicol._


HAKE, _s._ A frame for cheeses.

V. ~Hack~.


_To_ HALD, _v. a._ To hold, S. _had_.

  _Wynt._

    Moes. G. A. S. _hald-an_, Isl. _halld-a_.

1. _To hald again_, to resist, S.

2. _To hald by_, to pass, S.

3. _To hald dayis_.

V. ~Dayis~.

4. _To hald gaain_, to go on, S.

    Belg. _gaande houd-en_, id.

5. _To hald in_, to supply, S.

6. _To hald in_, not to leak, S.

7. _To hald in_, to spare, S.

  _Spalding._

8. _To hald in with_, to curry favour, S.

9. _To hald still_, to stop, S.

    Sw. _haalla stilla_, id.

10. _To hald till_, to persist in, S.

11. _To hald to_, to keep shut, S.

    Sw. _haalla til_, id.

12. _To hald out_, to pretend, S.

13. _To hald out_, to extend to the full measure or weight, S.

14. _To hald wi'_, to take part with, S.

_To_ ~Hald~, ~Had~, _v. n._ To cease, S.

  _Cleland._

~Hald~, ~Hauld~, _s._

1. A hold; S. _had_.

2. A habitation, S.

  _Douglas._

3. A stronghold.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _haald_, Su. G. _haall-a_, tueri.

4. A possession.

  _Douglas._


_To_ HALE, _v. n._ To pull forcibly.

  _Z. Boyd._


HALE, HAILL, _adj._ Whole, S.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _heill_, Su. G. _hel_, totus.

~Hale-ware~,

1. The whole assortment, S. from _ware_, merchandise.

2. The whole company, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


HALE, HAILL, _adj._

1. Sound, S.

  _Wallace._

2. Vigorous, S.

    Su. G. _hel_, A. S. _hal_, sanus.

~Hale-hide~, _adj._ Not having even the _skin_ injured, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

~Hale-skarth~, _adj._ Entirely sound, q. without a _scart_ or scratch,
S. _scartfree_.

  _Douglas._


HALF, _s._

1. Side.

  _Barbour._

2. Quarter, coast.

  _Barbour._

3. Part, side.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _haelf_, pars, ora, tractus.

~Halflang~, _adj._ Half-grown.

V. ~Halflin~.

~Halfe-hag~, _s._ A species of artillery.

V. ~Hagg~.

~Halfer~, ~Halver~, _s._ One who has a moiety of any thing.

  _Rutherford._

_To gang havers_, to be partners, S.

~Halfindall~, _adv._ The half.

  _Barbour._

    Teut. _holf deel_, dimidia pars.

~Halflin~, ~Halfin~, ~Haaflang~, _adj._ Not fully grown, S., q.
_half-long_.

  _J. Nicol._

~Halflying~, ~Halflings~, ~Hafflin~, ~Hallins~, _adv._ Partly, S.

  _King's Quair._

    Teut. _halvelingh_, dimidiatim; fere, ferme.

~Half-marrow~, _s._ A husband or wife, S.

  _Rutherford._

~Half-mark bridal~,

V. ~Haff-mark~.

~Half-witted~, _adj._ Foolish.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Isl. _haalfvita_, semifatuus.


HALY, _adj._ Holy. A. S. _halig_.

  _Wyntown._

~Halynes~, _s._ Sanctity.

  _Wyntown._


HALY, HALILY, _adv._ Wholly.

  _Barbour._


HALKRIG, HALKRIK, _s._ A corselet.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _halcret_, id. Belg. _halskraagie_, a collar.


HALLACH'D, _adj._ Crazy.

V. ~Hallokit~.


HALLAN, HALLON, HALLAND, _s._

1. A mud wall, in cottages, extending from the forewall backwards, as
far as is necessary to shelter the inner part of the house from the air
of the door, when it is opened. _Spirewaw_, synon. S. B.

  _Ramsay._

2. _Hallen_, a screen.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    Su. G. _haell_, the stone at the threshhold.

~Hallanshaker~,

1. A sturdy beggar, S. B. q. one who _shakes_ the _hallan_.

  _Journal Lond._

2. A beggarly knave.

  _Polwart._

3. One who has a shabby appearance.

  _Ramsay._

~Hallanshakerlike~, _adj._ Having a suspicious appearance, shabby in
dress, S.


_To_ HALLES, HAILS, HELSE, HAILST, _v. a._ To salute, S. B.

  _Complaynt S._

    Su. G. _hels-a_, Alem. _heiliz-an_, to salute, from Su. G. _hel_,
A. S. _hal_, Alem. _heil_, sanus, salvus.

~Halesing~, ~Halsing~, s. Salutation.

  _Doug._


HALLIER, _s. Half a year_, S. B.

V. ~Hellier~.


HALLINS, _adv._ Partly, S. B.

V. ~Halflying~.


HALLOKIT, S. HALLACH'D, S. B. _adj._

1. Crazy, S.

  _Rutherford._

2. Giddy, harebrained, S.

V. ~Haloc~.

  _Ross._


HALLOWEEN, _s._ The evening preceding Allhallows, S.

_To_ ~haud halloween~, To observe the childish or superstitious rites
appropriated to this evening, S.

  _Burns._

~Halloween bleeze~, A fire kindled on this evening, by young people, on
some rising ground, S.


HALOK, _adj._ Giddy.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _haelga_, levis, inconstans.

~Haloc~, _s._ A light thoughtless girl, South of S.

  _Gl. Complaynt._


HALOW, _s._ A saint.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _halga_, sanctus.


HALS, HAWSE, _s._

1. The neck; S. _hass_.

  _Bellenden._

2. The throat, S.

  _Cleland._

3. Any narrow passage.

  _Douglas._

    A. S.  Su. G. _hals_, collum.

_To_ ~Hals~, ~Hawse~, _v. a._ To embrace, S. B.

    Su. G.  Isl. _hals-as_, amplexari.

  _Doug._

~Hals~, _s._ Embrace, kiss.

  _Dunbar._

~Halsbane~, _s._ Collar-bone, S.

  _Ritson._

~Halsfang~, _s._ Pillory.

  _Burrow LL._

    A. S. id.


HALTAND, HALTYNE, _adj._

1. Haughty.

    O. Fr. _haltain_.

  _Douglas._

2. Contemptuous.

  _Wallace._

~Haltanely~, _adv._ Proudly.

  _Douglas._


HALTIR. _Haltir geistis_, perh. beams fastened together.

  _Douglas._

    Alem. _helte_, compes.


HAMALD, HAM-HALD, HAIM-ALD, _adj._

1. Domestic, S. pron. _haimilt_, _haimeil_, _haimeld_.

  _Douglas._

2. What is one's own.

  _Quon. Att._

3. Denoting the produce of our own country, S.

4. What is made at home; as _haimilt claith_, S.

5. Vernacular, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. Isl. _heimil_, proprius; Isl. _heimild_, proprietates.

6. Vulgar, S. B.

  _Skinner._

_To_ ~Hamald~, ~Haymhald~, _v. a._ To prove any thing to be one's
property, presently possessed or claimed by another.

  _Quon. Att._

2. To domesticate, Loth.

    Isl. _heimil-a_, domo recipere.

~Hamald~, ~Ham-hald~, _s. Borgh of hamhald_, one who becomes surety,
that the goods bought from the seller shall be safely delivered to the
purchaser.

  _Reg. Maj._

    Su. G. _hemull-a_, evictionem praestare, ut rem acquisitam quietus
possideat emtor.


HAME, HAIM, _s._ Home, S.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _ham_, Su. G. _hem_, domus.

~Hame-come~, _s._ Return, S.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _heimkoma_, domum adventatio.

~Hame-fare~, _s._ The removal of a bride from her own or her father's
house to that of her husband, S. from _hame_ and _fare_, to go.

~Hamelt~, _adj._ Domestic, &c.

V. ~Hamald~.

~Hamely~, ~Hamly~, _adj._

1. Familiar, friendly, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Without ceremony, S.

  _Wyntown._

3. Condescending, S.

  _Wallace._

4. Without refinement, S.

  _S. Prov._

5. Easy, not difficult.

  _R. Bruce._

6. Coarse, not handsome, S.

  _Hogg._

    Su. G. _heimlig_, Alem. _haimleich_, familiaris.

~Hameliness~, _s._ Familiarity, S.

  _Kelly._

~Hamesucken~, _s._ The crime of beating or assaulting a person within
his own house; a law term, S.

  _Erskine._

    Su. G. _hemsokn_, id. from _hem_, and _soek-a_, to assail with
violence; Teut. _heym-soeck-en_, invadere violenter alicujus domum.

~Hamesucken~, _adj._ Greatly attached to one's home, Clydes.

~Hamewith~, _adv._

1. Homeward, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. _adj._ In the same sense, S.

  _Ross._

3. _s. To the hamewith_, having a tendency to one's own interest, S. B.

    A. S. _ham_, Isl. _heim_, and A. S. _with_, Isl. _wid_, versus.


HAMELL, _s._ Not understood.

  _Colvil._


HAMES, HAMMYS, _s. pl._ A collar, S.

V. ~Haims~.

  _Douglas._


HAMMERFLUSH, _s._ The sparks which fly from iron when beaten with the
_hammer_, Ang.; also _hammerflaught_.

    Isl. _flis_, a splinter.


HAMMIT, HAMMOT, _adj._ Plentiful, properly applied to corn which has
many grains on one stalk, Ang.

    A. S. _hamod_, tectus, q. well covered with grains.


_To_ HAMP, _v. n._ To stutter, S. A.

~Hamp~, _s._ The act of stuttering, ibid.


_To_ HAMPER, _v. a._ To confine by giving little room, S.

  _Douglas._

    Sw. _hamp-as_, rei difficili intricatus laborare.


_To_ HAMPHIS, _v. a._ To surround, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ HAM-SCHAKEL, HABSHAIKEL, HOBSHAKLE, _v. a._ To fasten the head of a
horse or cow to one of its fore-legs.

  _Gl. Sibb._


HAMSCHOCH, _s._ A sprain or contusion in the leg, Fife.

    A. S. _ham_, the hip, and _shach_, _v._ to distort.


_To_ HAMSH, _v. n._ To eat voraciously with noise, Ang.

V. ~Hansh~.


HAMSTRAM, _s._ Difficulty, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _ham_, poples, _stremm-en_, cohibere.


HAN, _pret._ Have.

  _Sir Tristrem._


HANCLETH, _s._ Ancle.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _ancleow_, id.


HAND. _By hand_, _adv._ Over, past, S.

_To put by hand_, to put aside, S.

  _Rutherford._

_Weill at hand_, Active.

  _Barbour._

_To put hand in_, To put to death.

  _Godscroft._

_Fra hand_, _adv._ Forthwith.

  _Lyndsay._

_Out of hand_, id. S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

_Spede hand_, Make haste, S.

  _Douglas._

~Handcuffs~, _s. pl._ Manacles, S. q. _sleeves_ of iron.

_To_ ~Handcuff~, _v. a._ To manacle, S.

_To_ ~Hand-fast~, _v. a._

1. To betrothe by joining hands, in order to cohabitation before
marriage.

  _Pitscottie._

2. To contract in order to marriage.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _hand-faest-en_, fidem dare.

~Hand-fasting~, ~Hand-fastnyng~, _s._ Marriage with the incumbrance of
some canonical impediment, not yet bought off.

    Su. G. _handfaestning_, id.

  _Wyntown._

~Hand-hauand~, _part. pr._ Having in possession, applied to stolen
goods.

  _Skene._

    Teut. _hand-haven_, to possess.

~Handy-grips~, _s. pl._ Close grappling, S.

  _Rutherford._

~Handsel~, _s._

1. The first money received for goods, S.

2. A gift conferred at a particular season, S.

3. A piece of bread given before breakfast, Galloway.

    Su. G. _handsoel_, mercimonii divenditi primitiae.

~Handsel monday~, The first Monday of the New Year, O. S.; when children
and servants receive _handsel_, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


HAND-STAFF, _s._

1. The upper part of a flail, S.

2. A constellation, supposed to be Orion's sword.

  _Douglas._


HAND-WAIL'D, _adj._ Remarkable; carefully selected, S.

  _Ramsay._

    From _hand_, and _wale_ to choose.


HANDWAVING, _s._ A mode of measuring grain by stroaking it with the
hand, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._


HANDSENYIE, _s._

1. A standard, corr. from _ensenyie_.

  _Hist. Ja. Sext._

2. A token.

  _R. Bruce._


HAND-WHILE, commonly ~Hanla-while~, _adv._ A short time, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ HANE, _v. a._ To spare.

V. ~Hain~.

~Haning~, ~Haining~, _s._ Hedges, inclosures.

  _Acts Ja. V._

~Hanite~, ~Haned~, _part. pa._ Inclosed, surrounded with a hedge.

  _For. Lawes._

    Su. G. _haegn-a_, tueri circumdata sepe, from _hag_, sepimentum.


HANGARELL, HANGRELL, _s._ A piece of wood on which bridles, halters,
&c., are _hung_, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._


HANGIT-LIKE, _adj._ Out of countenance, S.


HANYIEL SLYP, A vulgar dependant, Aberd.

V. ~Slyp~.

  _Journal Lond._

    Teut. _hanghel_, something dangling.


_To_ HANK, _v. a._

1. To fasten, S.

  _Doug._

2. To tie so tight, as to leave the mark of the cord; _hankle_, id. S.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _hank_, a collar, a small chain.

~Hank~, _s._

1. A coil, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A skain, S.


HANKERSAIDLE.

V. ~Anker-saidell~.


_To_ HANSH, HAUNSH, _v. a._ To snatch at; applied to the action of a
dog, and apparently including the idea of the noise made by his jaws
when he lays hold of what is thrown to him, S.

  _Baillie._

    O. Fr. _hanch-er_, to snatch at with the teeth.

~Hansh~, _s._ A violent snatch or snap, S.


HANTY, _adj._

1. Convenient, S.

  _Gl. Shirr._

2. Handsome, S.

  _R. Galloway._

    Isl. _hent-a_, decere.


HANTLE, _s._

1. A considerable number, S. _hankel_, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

2. Equivalent to much, S. B.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

    Sw. _antal_, number; or q. _handtal_, what may be _counted_ by the
_hand_.


_To_ HAP, _v. a._

1. To cover, in order to conceal, S.

  _Ross._

2. To cover from cold, for defence, S.

  _Priests Peblis._

3. To defend from rain or snow, S.

  _R. Galloway._

4. To screen from danger in battle.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

    Isl. _hiup-r_, indusium; _hyp-ia_, in-volvor.

~Hap~, ~Happin~, _s._ A covering of whatever kind, S. also called
_hap-warm_.

  _Ramsay._

    Norw. _haufn_, toga.


_To_ HAP, _v. n._

1. To hop, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To halt, S.

V. ~Hop~.

~Hap~, _s._ A hop, a light leap, S.

~Hap-step-an'-lowp~, Hop, skip, and leap, S.

  _Burns._

~Happity~, _adj._ Lame, S.

  _Ritson._


HAP, (pron. _hawp_) _s._ The fruit of the briar, S. B.


HAPPER, _s._ Hopper of a mill, S.

  _Chalm. Air._

~Happerbauk~, _s._ The beam on which the hopper rests, S.


HAPPY, _adj._ Lucky, fortunate, i. e. constituting a good omen, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


HAR, HARE, _adj._ Cold.

V. ~Hair~.


HAR. _Out of har_, out of order.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hearre_, Teut. _harre_, a hinge.


HARBIN, _s._ A young coal-fish, Orkn.

  _Neill._


HARD FISH, Cod, ling, &c., salted and dried, S.


HARDHEAD, HARDHEID, _s._ A small coin of mixed metal or copper.

  _Knox._

    Fr. _hardie_, small copper money, named from Philip le _Hardi_, who
caused strike them.


HARDHEAD, _s._ A species of sea scorpion.

  _Sibbald._


HARDIN, HARDYN, _adj._ Coarse; applied to cloth made of _hards_, pron.
_harn_, S.

  _Complaynt S._

    A. S. _heordas_, stupae, tow-hards.


HARE, _adj._ Rough, shaggy.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _haer_, Su. G. _haar_, pilus.


HAREFRA, _adv._ Herefrom.

  _Knox._


HARESHAW, _s._ A harelip, S., anciently _harchatt_; _hareskart_, Renfr.

  _Roull._

    From _hare_, and Isl. _ska_, a particle denoting separation; Germ.
_scharte_, a gap.


HARYAGE, _s._ A collective word applied to horses.

  _Wyntown._

    O. Fr. _haraz_, L. B. _haracium_, id.


HARIE HUTCHEON, a play in which children hop round in a ring, with their
bodies resting on their hams, S. B.

    Belg. _hurk-en_, to squat, to sit stooping.


HARIGALDS, HARICLES, _s. pl._

1. The pluck of an animal, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Applied to the tearing of one's hair.

  _Ramsay._

Fr. _haricot_, a dish of boiled livers.


_To_ HARK, _v. n._ To whisper, S.

  _Cleland._


_To_ HARLE, _v. a._

1. To trail, S.

  _Doug._

2. To drag with force, S.

  _Kelly._

3. To draw to one's self by griping or violent means, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. To roughcast a wall, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

_To_ ~Harle~, _v. n._

1. To move onward with difficulty, S.

2. _To harle about_, to go from place to place, S.

~Harlin favour~, some degree of affection.

  _Journal Lond._

~Harle~, _s._

1. The act of dragging, S.

2. Property obtained by means not accounted honourable, S.


HARLE, _s._ The Goosander, Orkn.

    Fr. _harle_, id.

  _Barry._


HARLOT, _s._

1. A scoundrel.

  _Wallace._

2. A boor, synon. with _carle_.

  _Bellenden._

    Su. G. _haer_, exercitus, and _lude_, mancipium vile, a boor or
villain.


HARLEY, L. _harbry_, harbour.

  _Houlate._


HARMISAY, HARMESAY, _interj._ Alas.

    A. S. _earme_, wretched.

  _Philotus._


HARN.

V. ~Hardyn~.


HARNES, _s._ Defensive armour.

  _Doug._

    Dan. _harnisk_, id.


HARNES, _s._

1. The brains, S. _harns_.

  _Wyntown._

2. Metaph., understanding, S.

    Sw. _hiaerne_, Germ. _hern_, id.

~Harn-pan~, _s._ The skull, S.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _hirn-panne_, id.


HARP, _s._ A kind of searce, S.


HARPER CRAB.

V. ~Tammy Harper~.


HARRAGE, _s._ Service due to a landlord.

V. ~Arage~.

  _Statist. Acc._


HARRAND, _s._ Snarling.

  _Chr. S. P._


HARRO, _interj._ An outcry for help; also, an encouragement to pursuit,
S.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _haro_, _harou_; q. _Ha Roul_, O Rollo, or rather from Su. G.
_haerop_, clamor bellicus.


HARRY, _adj._ Stubborn, S. B.

    Su. G. _har_, locus lapidosus.


HARSK, HARS, _adj._

1. Harsh, sharp.

  _Douglas._

2. Bitter to the taste.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _harsk_, Isl. _hersk-ar_, austerus.


_To_ HART, _v. a._ To encourage, S. _heart_.

    Teut. _hert-en_, animare.

  _Barbour._


HARTILL, _s._ Heart-ill.

  _Watson._


HARTLY, HARTLYE, _adj_. Cordial.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _hertelick_, Dan. _hiertelig_, id.


HARTFULLIE, _adv._ Cordially.

  _Crosraguell._


HARUMSCARUM, _adj._ Harebrained, S.

    E. _hare_, to fright, and _scare_, to startle.


HASARD, HASERT, _adj._ Hoary.

  _Douglas._

~Hasard~, _s._ An old dotard.

  _Douglas._


HASARTOUR, _s._ One who plays at games of _hazard_.

    Fr. _hazardeur_.

  _Doug._


HASCHBALD, _s._ Perh. glutton.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ HASH, _v. a._

1. To slash, S.

    Fr. _hacher_.

2. To abuse, to maltreat, S.

  _Ferguson._

~Hash~,

1. A sloven, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A foolish fellow.

  _Burns._

~Hashly~, _adv._ In a slovenly manner, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

~Hashmethram~, _adv._ In a state of disorder, S.

    Isl. _thraum_, solum transversum.


HASKY, _adj._

1. Rank in growth, S. B.

2. Coarse to the taste, S. B.

3. Dirty, slovenly, S. B.

4. Applied to coarse work, S. B.

    Isl. _kask-ur_, strenuus.


HASLOCK, _adj._ Descriptive of the finest wool, being the _lock_ that
grows on the _hals_ or throat, S.

  _Ramsay._


HASSOCK, HASSICK, _s._

1. A besom, S. B.

2. Any thing bushy; as, a _hassick_ of _hair_, S.

  _Journal Lond._

3. A large round turf used as a seat, S. A.

    Sw. _hwass_, a rush.


HASTARD, _adj._ Irascible, S.

    Isl. _hast-r_, irabundus, and _art_, natura.


HASTER'D, _part. pa._ Curried, S. A.

  _J. Nicol._


HASTER'D HASTERN, _adj._ Early; _hastern aits_, early oats, S. B.

    Su. G. _hast-a_, celerare, and _aer-a_, metere.


HASTOW, _hast thou?_

  _K. Quair._


HAT, HATE, HAIT, _part. pa._ Is, or was, called.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _hat-an_, Su. G. _het-a_, vocare.


_To_ HATCH, HOTCH, _v. n._ To move by jerks, S.

  _Watson._

    Fr. _hoch-er_, id. Isl. _hik-a_, cedo.

_To_ ~Hatchel~, _v. a._ To shake in carrying, Fife.


HATE, HAIT, _adj._ Hot, S.

  _Kennedy._

    A. S. _hat_, Su. G. _het_, id.


HATE, HAIT, HAID, _s._ A whit, an atom, S.

    Isl. _haete_, the smallest object that can be imagined.


HATHILL, HATHELL, _s._ A nobleman.

V. ~Athill~.

  _Sir Gawan._


HATHER, _s._ Heath.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


HATRENT, _s._ Hatred.

  _Compl. S._


HATRY, _adj._ Disordered; as, a _hatry head_, i. e. matted, S. B.

V. ~Atry~.


_To_ HATTER, _v. a._ To batter, to shatter.

  _Gawan and Gol._


HATTIR, _adj._ Maple.

V. ~Haltir~.


HATTIT KIT, a dish of sour or coagulated cream, S.

  _Cromarty._

    Teut. _hott-en_, to coagulate.


HATTREL, _s._ A collection of purulent matter, S. B.

V. ~Atry~.


HATTREL, _s._ The flint of a horn, S. O.


HATTOU. _What hattou_, what art thou named.

V. ~Hat~.

  _Sir Tristrem._


HAUCH, _s._ The forcible reiterated respiration of one who exerts all
his strength in giving a stroke, S. _hech_.

    Germ. _hauch_, halitus.

  _Douglas._


HAUCHS _of a sock_, the three points into which the upper part of a
ploughshare is divided, and by which it clasps in the wood, Ang.

    Isl. _haeck_, Dan. _hage_, uncus.


HAUGH, HAWCH, HAUCH, HALCHE, _s._ Low-lying flat ground, properly on the
border of a river, and such as is sometimes overflowed, S.

  _Barbour._

    Gael. _augh_, id. Isl. _hage_, a place for pasture.


_To_ HAVE, _v. a._

1. To carry.

  _Acts Ja. I._

2. To behave.


_To_ HAVER, _v. n._ To talk foolishly, S. pron. _haiver_.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _gifr-a_, loquitor, _hefer_, garrulus.

~Havers~, ~Haivers~, _s._ Foolish or incoherent talk, S.

  _J. Nicol._

~Haveril~, _s._ One who habitually talks in a foolish manner, S.

  _Burns._

~Haveril~, _adj._ Foolish in talk, S.


HAVES, _s. pl._ Goods, effects.

  _Gl. Sibb._


HAUGULL, _s._ A cold and damp wind blowing from the sea, Ang.

    Isl. _hafgola_, flatus ex oceano spirans.


HAVINGS, HAVINS, HAWING, _s._

1. Carriage, behaviour.

  _Barbour._

2. Good manners, S.

  _Ross._

3. Weeds, dress, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _haef_, manners, Su. G. _haefv-a_, decere.


HAUNTY, _adj._

V. ~Hanty~.


_To_ HAUP, _v. n._ To turn to the right; applied to horses, or cattle in
the yoke, S.

    Isl. _hop-a_, retro cedere.

  _Meston._


HAW, HAAVE, _adj._

1. Azure.

  _Doug._

2. Pale, wan, S. B.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _haewen_, glaucus.


_To_ HAWGH, _v. n._ To force up phlegm, S. to _hawk_, E.

    C. B. _hochio_, id.


HAWYS, _imperat. v._ Have ye.

  _Wyntown._


HAWKIT, _adj._ Having a white face; applied to cattle, S.

  _Dunbar._

~Hawkey~, _s._

1. A cow with a white face, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A stupid fellow.

  _Gl. Shirr._


HAWK, _s._ A dung fork.

V. ~Hack~.


HAWSE, _s._ The throat.

V. ~Hals~.

  _Ferguson._


HAZEL-RAW, _s._ Lichen pulmonarius, S.

  _Lightfoot._


HE, _s._ A male, S. B.

  _Ross._

~He and He~.

1. Every one.

  _Douglas._

2. The one and the other, id.


HE, HEE, HEY, _adj._ High.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _hea_, _heh_, id.

~Hely~, _adv._ Highly.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _healice_, id.

_To_ ~He~, ~Hee~, ~Hey~, _v. a._

1. To elevate.

    A. S. _he-an_, id.

  _Dunbar._

2. To dignify.

  _Barbour._


HEAD-LACE, _s._ A narrow ribbon for binding the head, Ang.


HEADLINS, _adv._ Headlong, S. B.

  _Ross._


HEAD-MARK, _s._ Observation of the features of man or any other animal.

  _Statist. Acc._


HEADSTALL, _s._ The band that forms the upper part of a horse's collar,
Ang.


HEADUM ~and~ CORSUM, topsy-turvy, Dumfr.

_Head_ and _cross_, q. across. _Heads and thraws_, higgledy-piggledy, S.


_To_ HEAL, _v. a._ To conceal.

V. ~Heild~.


HEARKNING, _s._ Encouragement, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ HEART ~up~, _v. a._ To hearten, S.

V. ~Hart~.

~Heartning~, _s._ Encouragement, S.

  _Boyd._


HEART-AXES, _s._ The heartburn, Loth. A. S. _heort-ece_, id.


HEARTY, _adj._

1. Chearful, S.

  _Ross._

2. Liberal, S.


HEARTSCALD, HEARTSCAD, _s._

1. Heartburn, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. A disgust, S.

3. Metaph. regret, remorse.

  _Z. Boyd._


HEARTSOME, _adj._

1. Merry, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Causing cheerfulness, S.

  _Ramsay._


HEATHER _s._ Heath, S.

V. ~Haddyr~.

~Heather-bells~, _s. pl._ Heath blossoms, S.

  _Burns._

~Heather-birns~, _s. pl._ The stalks and roots of burnt heath, S.

V. ~Birn~.

~Heather-clu~, _s._ The ankle, Ang. q. what cleaves the heath in
walking.

    Isl. _klofv-a_, to cleave.

~Heatherie~, _adj._ Heathy, S.

  _J. Nicol._


HEAWE EEL, The conger.

  _Sibbald._

    Sw. _haf's-aal_, i. e. sea-eel.


_To_ HECH, HEGH, (gutt.) _v. n._ To breathe hard, to pant, S.

    Teut. _hygh-en_, id.

~Hech~, ~Hegh~, _s._ The act of panting, S.

V. ~Hauch~.

  _Ruddiman._


HECHIS, _s. pl._ Hatches of a ship.

  _Doug._


_To_ HECHT, HEYCHT, _v. n._

1. To name.

  _Douglas._

2. To promise, to engage.

  _Barbour._

3. To offer, to proffer, S.

  _Burns._

4. To command.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hat-an_, Su. G. _het-a_, vocare, promittere, jubere.

V. ~Hat~.

~Hecht~, ~Heycht~, _s._ A promise, Loth.

  _Wyntown._


HECK, _s._ A rack for cattle.

V. ~Hack~.


HECKABIRNEY, _s._ A lean feeble creature, Orkn.

    Isl. _heik-ia_, supprimere, deficere.


HECKAPURDES, _s._ A quandary, Orkn.


_To_ HECKLE, HEKLE, _v. a._ To fasten by means of a hook.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _haeck-en_, to fix with a hook.


_To_ HECKLE, _v. a._

1. To dress flax, S.

2. Metaph. to examine severely, S.

_To come o'er the heckle-pins_, to be severely examined, S.

    Teut. _hekel-en_, pectere linum.

_To_ ~Heckle~ _on_, _v. n._ To continue in keen disputation.

  _Mellvill's MS._

~Heckle~, ~Hekkil~, _s._

1. A hackling-comb, S.

    Teut. _hekel_, id.

  _Ruddiman._

2. The feathers on the neck of a cock, S.

  _Douglas._

3. A fly, for angling, dressed merely with a cock's feather, S.

~Heckler~, _s_. A flaxdresser, S.

    Teut. _hekelaer_, id.

~Heckleback~, _s._ The fifteen spined Stickleback.

  _Sibbald._


HEDDER-BLUTER, HETHER-BLUTTER, _s._ The bittern.

  _Burel._


HEDDLES, HEDELES, HIDDLES, _s. pl._ The small cords through which the
warp is passed in a loom, after going through the reed, S.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _haafhalld_, vulgo _hofudld_, id.


HEDE-STIKKIS, _s. pl._ A species of artillery.

  _Complaynt S._

    Su. G. _stycke_, tormentum majus.


HEDE-VERK, _s._ A head-ache.

  _Complaynt S._

    A. S. _heafod-waerc_, cephalalgia.


HEDY PERE, _s._ Of equal statute, S.

  _Ruddiman._


HEDISMAN, HEADSMAN, _s._ A chief.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _heafod-man_, primas.


HEELIE, _adj._ Slow, Aberd.

V. ~Huly~.


HEELIEGOLEERIE, _adv._ Topsy-turvy, Ang.

V. ~Hilliegeleerie~.


HEELS O'ER GOWDY, topsy-turvy, S. B.

V. ~Gowdy~.


HEELS O'ER HEAD, _adv._

1. Topsy-turvy, S.

  _Ross._

2. Without particular enumeration, S.


HEEPY, _s._ A fool, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _haepen_, attonitus.


HEER, HIER _of yarn_, Sixth part of a _hesp_ or hank, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Su. G. _haerf-wa_, a handful of yarn.


_To_ HEEZE.

V. ~Heis~.


_To_ HEFT, _v. n._

1. To dwell, Aberd.

    Su. G. _haefda_, colere, possidere.

2. To cause or accustom to live in a place, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ HEFT, _v. a._ To confine, applied to a cow's milk when not drawn
off for some time, S.

    Su. G. _haeft-a_, impedire, detinere.


HEGESKRAPER, _s._ An avaricious person.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Q. one who _scrapes hedges_.


HEGGERBALD, _s._ Not understood.

  _Dunbar._


HEGH-HEY, HEGH-HOW, HEIGH-HOW, _interj._ Expressive of languor or
fatigue, S.

  _Ross._


HEICH, (gutt.) _adj._ High, S.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Heicht~, _v. a._ To raise.


HEYCHT, _s._ A promise.

V. ~Hecht~.


HEID, HED, _term._ denoting state or quality, as in _bairnheid_, &c.

    Belg. _heyd_, status, qualitas.


HEYDIN, HEYTHING, HEITHING, HETHYNG, _s._ Scorn, derision.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _haedne_, _haethne_, illudendi actio; _haed-a_, irridere.


HEIGHEING, _s._ A command.

  _Sir Tristrem._


HEIL, HEYLE, HEAL, _s._ Health, S.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _hael_, Su. G. _hel_, sanitas.


_To_ HEILD, HEILL, HEYL, HEAL, HELE, _v. a._

1. To cover.

  _Barbour._

2. To conceal, to hide, S.

  _Ross._

3. To defend, to save.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hel-an_, Isl. _hael-a_, tegere.

~Heildyne~. _s._ Covering.

  _Barbour._


_To_ HEILD, HEYLD, _v. n._

1. To incline.

  _Palice Honour._

2. To give the preference.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _held-an_, _hyld-an_, Su. G. _haell-a_, inclinare.

~Heild~, _s._ _On heild_, inclined to one side.

  _Douglas._


HEILIE, _adj._ Holy.

  _Dunbar._

    Germ. _heilig_, id.


HEILY, HELY, HIELY, _adj._ Proud.

    A. S. _healic_, _heahlic_, excelsus.

  _Doug._


HEYND, HENDE, _adj._

1. Gentle.

  _Douglas._

2. Expert, skilful.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    A. S. _ge-hynde_, humiliatus; Isl. _hyggin_, prudens.

~Heyndnes~, _s._ Gentleness.

  _K. Hart._


HEYND, _s._ A person.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _hion_, id.


HEIR, _s._ Army.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _here_, Su. G. Isl. _haer_, Germ. _her_, exercitus.


HEIR DOWNE, _adv._ Below on this earth.

  _Dunbar._


HEIRIS, _s. pl._ Masters.

V. ~Her~, _s._ 1.

  _K. Hart._


HEYRD, HEYRT. _To gang_ or _gae heyrd_, to storm, to fume, Ang. _heyte_,
synon.

    Su. G. _hyr-a_, vertigine agi.

  _Chr. S. P._


HEIRLY, _adj._ Honourable.

  _Houlate._

    Germ. _herlich_, illustris.


_To_ HEIS, HEYS, HEEZE, _v. a._ To lift up, S.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _hiss-a_, Belg. _hys-en_, id.

~Heis, Heeze, Heisie~, _s._

1. The act of lifting up.

  _Douglas._

2. Aid, furtherance, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

3. The act of swinging, Loth.

4. Denoting any thing that discomposes.

  _Ritson._

~Heys and how~, A sea cheer.

  _Douglas._


HEYTIE, _s._ A name for the game of _shintie_, Loth.


HEKKIL, HECKLE, _s._ A hackling-comb, S.

  _Ruddiman._


_To_ HELE, _v. a._ To conceal.

V. ~Heild~.


HELDE, _s._ Age; for _eld_.

  _Wyntown._


HELY, _adv._ Highly.

V. ~He~.


HELY, _adv._ Loudly.

  _Barbour._


HELYNG, _s._ Covering.

  _Barbour._


HELIE, _adj._ Proud.

V. ~Heily~.


HELLIER, HALYEAR, _s._ Half a year, S.

  _Ross._


HELLIS, HELS, _s. pl._ Hell.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


HELLIS-CRUK, _s._ A crook for holding vessels over a fire.

  _S. P. Repr._

    Teut. _hels-en_, to embrace.


HELM ~of~ WEET, a great fall of rain, Ang.

    A. S. _holm_, water.

~Helmy~, _adj._ Rainy, Ang.

    A. S. _holmeg wedder_, procellosum coelum.


HELME STOK, _s._ The handle of the helm.

    Teut. _helm-stock_, id.

  _Doug._


HELPLIE, _adj._ Helpful, S. B.

  _Porteous of Nobilness._

    Teut. _helpelick_, auxiliaris.


HEM, _s._ Edge; applied to stones, S. B.


HEM, _pron. pl._ Them.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _heom_, dat. pl. illis.


HEM, _s._ A horse-collar.

V. ~Haims~.


HEMMIL, _s._ A heap, a crowd, S. B.

_To_ ~Hemmil~, _v. a._ To surround any beast in order to lay hold of it,
Ang.

    Isl. _hemil-a_, custodire, coercere.


HEMMYNYS, _s. pl._ Shoes of untanned leather.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _hemming_, pero, Isl. _heming-r_, the skin pulled off from the
legs of cattle.


HEMPY, _s._

1. A rogue; one for whom the _hemp_ grows, S.

  _J. Nicol._

2. A tricky wag, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ HENCH, _v. a._ To throw stones by bringing the hand alongst the
_haunch_, S.


HENDRE, HENDER, _adj._ Past, bygone.

    Moes. G. _hindar_, retro.

  _Barbour._


HEN-PEN, _s._ The dung of fowls, Ang.


HENSEMAN, HEINSMAN, _s._ A page, E. _henchman_.

  _Houlate._


HENSEIS, _s. pl._ Uncertain.

  _Dunbar._


HENSOUR, HENSURE, _s._ A giddy young fellow.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Sw. _hensker_, a fool.


HENS-WARE, HENWARE, _s._ Eatable fucus, S.


HENT, _pret._ Laid hold of.

V. ~Hint~.


HEN-WYFE, _s._

1. A woman who takes care of the poultry. S.

  _Tales Landlord._

2. A bawd.

  _Douglas._


HENWILE, _s._ A stratagem.

  _Baillie._

A _wile_, used by a _hen_ for gathering her chickens.


HEPTHORNE, _s._ The briar, S.

  _Doug._


HER, HERE, _s._

1. A person of rank.

  _Douglas._

2. A chief, a leader.

  _Douglas._

3. A magistrate.

  _Wallace._

4. A master.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _hera_, Su. G. _herre_, Teut. _herr_, Belg. _heer_, Lat.
_her-us_, dominus.


HER, HERE, _s._ Loss, injury.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _haer_, vis hostilis.


HER, _pron._ Their, O. E. and A. S.

  _Sir Gawan._


HERANDIS, _s. pl._

1. Errands.

  _Wynt._

2. Tidings, q. _hearings_.

  _Wyntown._


HERBERE, _s._ A garden for herbs.

    Lat. _herbar-ium_, id.

  _Douglas._


HERBERY, HERBRY, HARBORY, _s._

1. A military station.

  _Barbour._

2. A dwelling place.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Teut. _herberghe_, diversorium, A. S. _hereberga_, the abode of an
army.

_To_ ~Herbery~, ~Herbry~, _v. a._

1. To station.

  _Barbour._

2. To dwell; applied to a person.

    A. S. _herebeorg-an_, hospitari.

  _Barbour._

~Herbryage~, _s._ An inn.

  _Wallace._

~Herbriouris~, _s. pl._ A piquet.

  _Barbour._


HERDIS, HERDS, _s._ Refuse of flax.

  _Barbour._


HERDOUN, _adv._ Here below.

  _Barbour._


HERE, used in the composition of several names of places in S. pron.
like E. _hair_.

    A. S. _here_, Su. G. _haer_, an army.


HEREAWAY, _adv._

1. In this quarter, S.

2. In the present state, S.

  _Rutherford._


HEREFT, _adv._ Hereafter.

  _Wallace._


_To_ HERE TELL, _v. n._ To learn by report, S.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _heyrdi tala_; audivit.


HEREYESTERDAY, _s._ the day before yesterday, S. _air-yesterday_,
Banffs.

    A. S. _aer-gystran daeg_, id.

  _Baillie._


HEREYESTREEN, _s._ The night before yesternight. S.

  _Gl. Shirr._


HERIE, HEARY, _s._ A compellation still used by some old women, in
addressing their husbands, and sometimes _vice versa_, S.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _hera_, Su. G. Teut. _herre_, dominus.


HERIS, _imperat. v._ Hear ye.

  _Douglas._


HERISON, _s._ Hedgehog, Fr. _herisson_.

  _Burel._


HERITOUR, _s._

1. An heir.

    Fr. _heritier_, id.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

2. A landholder in a parish, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


HERLE, HURIL, _s._ A heron, Ang.

  _Maitland Poems._


HERLING, _s._ A trout.

V. ~Hirling~.


HERNIT, _pret._ Perhaps for _herknit_, hearkened.

  _King Hart._


HERON-BLUTER, _s._ The snipe, S. B.

V. ~Yern-bluter~.


HERREYELDE, HERE-GEILD, HYRALD, _s._ The fine payable to a superior, on
the death of his tenant.

  _Quon. Att._

    A. S. _here-gyld_, a military tribute.


_To_ HERRY, HERY, HIRRIE, HARRIE, _v. a._

1. To rob, to pillage, S.

  _Barbour._

2. To ruin by extortion, S.

  _Maitl. P._

    Su. G. _haer-ia_, depraedari, from _haer_, an army.

~Herryment~, _s._

1. Plunder, S.

2. The cause of plunder, S.

  _Burns._

~Herrie-water~, _s._

1. A net so formed as to catch or retain fish of a small size, and thus
to _spoil_ the _water_ of its brood; _harry-net_, S. B.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. Metaph., denoting both stratagem and violence.

  _Lyndsay._


HERRINBAND, _s._ A string by which yarn is tied before it be boiled,
Ang.

    Isl. _haarund_, coarse linen yarn, and _band_.


HERS, HEARSE, _adj._ Hoarse, S.

    Belg. _haersch_, id.

  _Douglas._


HERSCHIP, HEIRSCHIP, HEIRISCHIP, _s._

1. The act of plundering, S.

  _Wallace._

2. The cause of plunder.

  _Lyndsay._

3. Booty, plunder.

  _Ross._

4. Wreck of property.

  _Kelly._

5. Scarcity, as the effect of devastation.

  _Bellenden._

6. Dearness, high price.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _her_, an army, and _scipe_, denoting action; q. the act of an
army: or from ~Herry~, v.


HERSKET, _s._ The same with ~Heartscald~, Orkn.


HER TILL, _adv._ Hereunto.

  _Barbour._

    Sw. _haertil_, id.


HERVY, _adj._ Having the appearance of great poverty, Ang.

    A. S. _here-feoh_, a military prey.


HESP, _s._ A clasp or hook, S.

    Su. G. _haspe_, Germ. _hespe_, id.

_To_ ~Hesp~, _v. a._ To fasten.


HESP, HASP, _s._ A hank of yarn, S.

    Teut. _hasp_, fila congregata.

  _Stat. Acc._

_To make a ravell'd hesp_, to put a thing in confusion; _to redd a
ravell'd hesp_, to restore order.

  _Gl. Shirr._


HESS, _adj._ Hoarse.

  _Lyndsay._

    Su. G. _haes_, _hes_, A. S. _hax_, id.


HET, HAT, _adj._

1. Hot, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Keen, metaph.

  _Wallace._

~Hetfull~, _adj._ Hot, fiery.

  _Wallace._

~Hetly~, _adv._ Hotly, S.

  _Ross._

~Het pint~, The _hot_ beverage, which young people carry with them from
house to house early in the morning of the new year; used also on the
night preceding a marriage, and at the time of child-bearing, S.

  _Morison._

~Het stoup~, Same with _Het pint_, S.

  _J. Nicol._


HETHELICHE, Reproachful.

V. ~Heydin~.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    Isl. _haediligt_, Sw. _haediligt_, contumeliosus.


HETHING, _s._ Scorn.

V. ~Heydin~.


HEUCH, _pret. v._ Hewed.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _hugg-a_, caedere.


HEUCH, HEUGH, HEWCH, HUWE, HWE, HEW, _s._

1. A crag, a ragged steep, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. A steep hill or bank.

  _Evergreen._

3. A glen with steep overhanging _braes_ or sides, Loth. Bord.

  _Gl. Compl._

4. The shaft of a coal-pit, S.

  _Skene._

5. A hollow in a quarry, Loth.

    A. S. _hou_, mons; L. B. _hogh-ia_, Isl. _haug-r_, collis.


HEUCK, HEUGH, _s._ A disease of cows, inflaming the eye, Ang.

Hence,

~Heuck-stane~, _s._ Blue vitriol; as used for removing this disease,
ibid.


HEUCK-BANE, _s._ The huckle-bone, Ang.

    Belg. _huck-en_, to bow.


_To_ HEVYD, _v. a._ To behead.

  _Wyntown._


HEWID, _s._ Head.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _heafud_, id.; q. what is _heav'd_ or lifted up.


HEWYD, HEWYT, _part. pa._ Coloured.

  _Barbour._


HEWIS, _o. p. v._ Perhaps, for _haves_, has.

  _Henrysone._


HEWIS, _s. pl._ Forms; ghosts.

  _Philotus._

    A. S. _heawgas_, simulacra.


HEWIT, _pret._ Tarried.

  _Gawan and Gol._


HEWIT, _part. pa._ Having hoofs.

  _Doug._


HEWMOND, HEUMONT, _s._ A helmet.

  _Pitscottie._

    Isl. _hilm-a_, to cover, and _mond_, mouth.


HY, _s._ Haste.

    A. S. _hige_.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ HYCHT, HIGHT, _v. n._

1. To trust, to expect.

    A. S. _hihte_, spero.

  _Barbour._

2. To promise.

V. ~Hecht~.

  _Hudson._

~Hycht~, _s._ A promise.

  _Barbour._


_To_ HICHT, HIGHT, HEICHT, _v. a._

1. To heighten, S.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _hiht-an_, augere.

~Hichty~, _adj._ Lofty.

  _Douglas._


HIDDIE-GIDDIE, Loth., HIRDIE-GIRDIE, _adv._ Topsy-turvy.

  _Houlate._

    Q. the _head_ in a _giddy_ state.


HIDDIL, HIDLINS, _adv._ Secretly, S.

  _Dunbar._

~Hiddils~, ~Hiddillis~, ~Hidlings~, _s. pl._ Hiding-places.

  _Barbour._

_In the hiddils of_, under the cover or shelter of, S.

_In hidlings_, _adv._ secretly, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _hydels_, latibulum.


HIDDIRTYL, HIDDIRTILLIS, _adv._ Hitherto.

  _Douglas._


HIDWISE, _adj._ Hideous.

    Fr. _hideux_, id.

  _Gawan and Gol._


HIEGATIS, _s. pl._ High ways, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


HIE HOW, _interj._ Bravo.

  _Douglas._


_To_ HYGHT, _v. a._ To promise.

V. ~Hicht~.


HY-JINKS, HIGH-JINKS, _s._ A very absurd game, in which it was
determined by the dice who should for some time sustain a fictitious
character, or repeat a certain number of loose verses, under the penalty
of either swallowing an additional bumper, or paying a small sum to the
reckoning. This appears to be nearly the same with the drunken game
called _Whigmaleerie_.

  _Ramsay._

  _Mannering._


_To_ HILCH, _v. n._ To halt, S.

  _Burns._


HILLIEGELEERIE, _adv._ Topsy-turvy, S. B.

_Hilliegulair_, Perths.

    Gael. _uile go leir_, altogether.


HILT ~and~ HAIR, the whole of any thing, S.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _hull_, anc. _hold_, flesh; the carcase and hide; _med hull
och haar_, hide and hair, _the whole_; Germ. _haut und har_.


HILTED RUNG, a crutch.

  _Shirrefs._

    Q. a stick with a _hilt_ or handle.


HILTER-SKILTER, _adv._ In rapid succession, S.

    A. S. _heolstr sceado_, a confused heap.


HIMEST, Leg. HUMEST, _adj._ Uppermost.

V. ~Umast~.

  _Wallace._


HIMSELL, corr. of _himself_.

  _Philotus._

_At him_ or _her sell_, in full possession of one's mental powers, S. B.

  _Ross._

_Weill at himsell_, plump, Clydes.

_By himsell_, beside himself, S.

  _Burns._


HYNDER, _s._ Hinderance; S. B. _hender_.

  _Crosraguell._


HINDER, _adj._ Last, Loth.

  _Ferguson._


HINDER-END, _s._

1. Extremity, S.

2. Termination, S.

  _Ferguson._


HYNE, _s._

1. A person.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _hion_, individuum humanum.

2. A young man, a stripling.

  _Barbour._

3. A farm-servant, S., _hind_ E.

    A. S. _hine_, id.

  _Bar. Courts._

4. A peasant.

    A. S. _hineman_.

  _Doug._


HYNE, _adv._

1. Hence, S.

  _Douglas._

_Hyne far awa'_, far hence, Ang.

2. Referring to the eternal state.

  _Lyndsay._

    Belg. _heen_, away; Su. G. _haen_, hence. _Fra hyne-furth_,
henceforward.

  _Acts Ja. III._


HINDERNYCHT, _s._ The last night.

  _Bannatyne P._


_To_ HYNG, _v. a._ To hang, S.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Hing~, _v. n._

1. To be suspended.

  _Ramsay._

2. To be in a state of dependance.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

~Hingare~, _s._

1. A necklace.

  _Douglas._

2. In pl. hangings, tapestry.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ HYNK, HINK, _v. n._ To be in a doubtful state.

  _Henrysone._

    Germ. _henk-en_, to suspend; Su. G. _hwink-a_, vacillare.


HINK, _s._ Perh. hesitation.

  _Mellvill's MS._


HINKLINE, _s._ Same as E. _inkling_.

  _Mellvill's MS._

    Su. G. _wink-a_, to beckon.


_To_ HINT, HYNT, _v. a._ To lay hold of; pret. _hent_, S.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _haent-a_, id. manu prehendere, from _hand_, manus.

~Hynt~, _s._ Act of exertion.

  _K. Hart._


HINT, _s._ An opportunity, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _haend-a_, accidere.


HINT. _In a hint_, in a moment, S. B.

  _Ross._


HINT, _adv._ _To the hint_, behind, S.


HYNTWORTHE, _s._ An herb.

  _Bp. St Androis._


_To_ HIP, _v. a._ To miss, S. B.

    Su. G. _hopp-a_, Eston. _hypp-aen_, to pass.

~Hip~, _s._ An omission, S.


HIPPEN, _s._ A towel used for wrapping about the _hips_ of an infant, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ HIRCH, (_ch_ hard) _v. n._ To shiver, S. _groue_ synon.


HYRCHOUNE, (_ch_ hard) _s._ A hedgehog; S. _hurchin_.

  _Barbour._

    Arm. _heureuchin_, id.


_To_ HIRD, _v. a._

1. To tend cattle, S.

2. To guard any person or thing, S.

    Su. G. _hird-a_, A. S. _hyrd-an_, custodire.

~Hird~, ~Hyrde~, _s._ One who tends cattle, S.

    A. S. _hyrd_, Isl. _hyrde_, id.

  _Douglas._


HIRDIEGIRDIE.

V. ~Hiddie Giddie~.


_To_ HIRE, _v. a._ To let, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

~Hyregang~, _s._ In hyregang, paying rent.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _hyr_, merces, and _gang_, mos.

~Hireman~, _s._ A male servant, S. B.

    A. S. _hyreman_, mercenarius.

  _St. Acc._

~Hireship~, _s._ Service; also, the place of servants.

  _Gl. Shirr._

~Hirewoman~, _s._ A maid-servant, S. B.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


HIRY, HARY, a cry.

  _Bannatyne P._


HIRLING, HERLING, _s._ A small trout shaped like a salmon, its flesh
reddish, Dumfr.

  _Statist. Acc._


HIRNE, HYRNE, _s._

1. A corner.

  _R. Bruce._

2. A retirement, a recess.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hyrn_, anc. Su. G. _hyrn_, angulus.


HYRONIUS, _adj._ Erroneous.

  _Burel._


_To_ HIRPLE, _v. n._

1. To halt, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _hwerfla_, to move circularly.

2. To move crazily, S.

  _Burns._


HYRSALE, HIRSELL, HIRDSELL, HIRSLE, _s._

1. A multitude, a throng, S. _hissel_, Ayrs.

  _Wyntown._

2. A flock, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _haer_, an army, and _saell-a_, to assemble.

_To_ ~Hirsell~, _v. a._ To put into different flocks, S. A.

  _Stat. Acc._


HYRSETT, _s._ The payment of _Burrow mails_ for one year, as the
condition on which a new-made burgess continued to enjoy his privilege,
although his property was not built upon.

  _Burr. Lawes._

    A. S. _hyre_, merces, and _sett-an_, collocare.


_To_ HIRSILL, HIRSLE, _v. n._

1. To move resting on the hams, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _aersel-en_, culum versus ire.

2. To graze, to rub on.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hirstl-an_, crepere.


_To_ HIRSP, _v. n._ To jar.

  _Calderwood._

    E. to _rasp_, Su. G. _rasp-a_.


HIRST, _s._

1. A hinge.

  _Douglas._

2. _Miln-hirst_, the place on which the crubs ly, within which the
mill-stone rubs.

    A. S. _kyrr_, cardo.

  _Ruddiman._


HIRST, HURST, _s._

1. The bare and hard summit of a hill, S.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _har_, locus lapidosus.

2. A sand bank on the brink of a river, S. B.

  _Law Case._

3. Equivalent to _shallow_, in a river, S. B.

  _Law Case._

4. A resting place, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

5. A small wood.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    A. S. _hurst_, silva.


HISSIE, HIZZIE, _s._ Corr. of _housewife_.

  _Burns._

~Hissieskip~, ~Hussyfskap~, _s._ Housewifery, S. B.

  _Ritson._


HISTIE, _adj._ Dry, chaft, S. O.

  _Burns._

    Perhaps q. _hirsty_, from _Hirst_.


HIT, _pron._ It, S.

    A. S. Dan.

  _Sir Gawan._


HITCH, _s._

1. A motion by a jerk, S.

2. Metaph. augmentation, S.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _hik-a_, cedere, _hik_, commotiuncula.


HITCH, _s._ A loop, S. O.

  _Burns._


HITE, HYTE. _To gae hyte_, to be in a rage, to act as if one were mad,
S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

    Isl. _heipt-a_, animo violento agere.


HITHER ~and~ YONT, topsy-turvy, S.


_To_ HIVE, _v. a._ To swell, S.

  _Rutherford._

_To_ ~Hive~, or ~Hive up~, _v. n._ To swell, S. B.

~Hives~, ~Hyves~, _s. pl._ Any eruption in the skin, proceeding from an
internal cause, S.

_Bowel-hive_, a disease in children, in which the groin is said to
swell.

_Hives_ is used to denote both the _red_ and _yellow gum_, Loth.

    Su. G. _haefw-a_, to rise up.


_To_ HO, _v. n._ To stop.

  _Douglas._

Radically the same with _Hove_, _How_, q. v.

~Hoe~, _s._ A stop.

  _Z. Boyd._


HO, _pron._ She.

    A. S. _heo_, id.

  _Sir Gawan._


HO, _s._ A stocking, S.


HOAM, _s._ The dried grease of a cod, Ang.


HOAM'D, HUMPH'D, _part. adj._ Having a fusty taste, Clydes.


HOARSGOUK, _s._ The snipe, Orkn.

    Sw. _horsgjok_, id.

  _Barry._


HOAS, Not understood.

  _Law Case._


HOBBY, _s._ A kind of hawk.

  _Houlate._

    Belg. _huybe_, Fland. _hobbye_, id.


_To_ HOBBIL, _v. a._ To cobble.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


_To_ HOBBIL, _v. a._ To dance.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _hobbel-en_, saltare.


HOBBY-TOBBY, _adj._ Denoting the _tout-ensemble_ of an awkward, tawdry
woman, S.

    Teut. _hobbel-tobbel_, confusè.


HOBBLE, _s._ A state of perplexity, S. _habble_, Loth.

    Teut. _hobbel-en_, inglomerare.


HOBBLEDEHOY, _s._ A stripling, Loth.


HOBELERIS, _s. pl._

1. Light horsemen chiefly calculated for the purpose of reconnoitring,
&c.

  _Barbour._

Fr. _hobille_, a coat of quilted stuff.

2. Men lightly armed.

  _Grose._


HOBYNYS, _s. pl._ Light horses.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _hobin_, id.


HOBLESHEW, _s._

V. ~Hubbleshew~.


HOBURN SAUGH, the Laburnum, S.


HOCKERTY-COCKERTY, _adv._ To ride on one's shoulders with a leg on each,
Aberd.

  _Journal Lond._


HOCKIT, _pret._ Perhaps, for _hotchit_.

V. ~Hotch~.

  _Peblis Play._


HOCUS, _s._ A stupid fellow, S.

    Isl. _aukaise_, homo nihili.


_To_ HOD, HODE, _v. a._ To hide, S. B.

  _Morison._

    Belg. _hoed-en_, Alem. _huod-en_, id.


HODDEN-GREY, _adj._ Applied to cloth worn by the peasantry, which has
the natural colour of the wool, S.

  _Ramsay._

    E. _hoiden_, rustic, clownish.


HODDIE, _s._ A carrion-crow.

V. ~Huddy~.


HODDIN, _part._ Expressive of the jogging motion of one who rides a
horse that moves stiffly, S. O.

V. ~Houd~.

  _Burns._


_To_ HODDLE, _v. n._ To waddle, Ang.


HODLACK, _s._ A rick of bay, Etterick Forest.


HOE, HOE-FISH, _s._ The piked dogfish, Orkn.

  _Barry._

    Sw. _haj_, Dan. _ho_, id.


HOE-MOTHER, HOMER, _s._ The basking shark, Orkn.

  _Barry._


HOESHINS, _s. pl._ Stockings without feet, Ayrs.

    Teut. _huysken_, theca.


HOG, _s._ A young sheep, before it has lost its first fleece.

  _Gl. Complaynt._

  _Stat. Acc._

    L. B. _hoggaeius_, a young sheep of the second year.


HOG, _s._ In the diversion of curling, the name given to a stone which
does not go over the _distance score_, S.

  _Graeme._


_To_ HOG, HOGG, _v. a._ To shog, Ang.

  _Old Ball._

    Isl. _hagg-a_, commoveo, quasso.


HOGERS, HOGGERS, _s. pl._ Coarse stockings without feet, S.

  _Ross._


HOGMANAY, HOGMENAY, _s._

1. The last day of the year, S.

2. The entertainment given to a visitor on this day; or a gift conferred
on those who apply for it, S.

  _J. Nicol._

    The origin is quite uncertain.


HOGRY-MOGRY, _adj_ Slovenly, Loth. corr. from _hugger-mugger_, E.

V. ~Hudge-mudge~.


HOG-SCORE, _s._ A distance-line, in curling, drawn across the _rink_ or
course, S.

  _Burns._


HOG-SHOUTHER, _s._ A game in which those who amuse themselves justle
each other by the shoulders, S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _hogg-a_, to strike.

_To_ ~Hogshouther~, _v. a._ To justle with the shoulder.

  _Burns._


_To_ HOY, _v. a._

1. To incite, a term used as to dogs, S.

  _Burns._

2. To chase or drive away.

  _Lyndsay._

    Isl. _ho-a_, greges convocare vel agere.


HOYES, _s._

1. A term used in public proclamations, calling attention, S.

  _Skene._

    O. Fr. _oyez_, hear ye.

2. Used as equivalent to _hue_, in the phrase _hue_ and _cry_.

  _Stat. Rob. I._


HOIF, HOFF, HOVE, HOUFF, HUFE, _s._

1. A hall.

  _Bellenden._

    Su. G. _hof_, _aula_.

2. A burial-place. The principal place of interment at Dundee is called
the _houff_.

    Isl. _hof_, atrium, Germ. _hof_, area, _kirchhof_, area ante templum.

3. A haunt, S.

  _Burns._

    A. S. _hofe_, Germ. _hof_, a house.

4. A place where one wishes to be concealed.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _hofe_, spelunca, a den.


HOISPEHOY, _s._ A game used in Banffshire, similar to _Hide and Seek_.

    O. Fr. _oyez_, hear, and _espier_, to spy; q. listen, I espy you.


_To_ HOIST, _v. n._ To cough.

V. ~Host~.


_To_ HOIT, HOYTE, _v. n._ To move with expedition, but stiffly and
clumsily, S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _haut-a_, cursitare more detentae volucris.

~Hoit~, _s._ A hobbling motion, S. B.


HOLYN, HOLENE, _s._ The holly, S. A. S. _holen_, id.

  _Wallace._


_To_ HOLK, HOUK, HOWK, _v. a._

1. To dig, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Metaph. to search.

  _R. Bruce._

    Su. G. _holk-a_, cavare, from _hol_, cavus.


HOLKIS, _s. pl._ A disease of the eye; _heuck_, S. B.

  _Douglas._


_To_ HOLL, _v. n._ To excavate, S.

    A. S. _hol-ian_, id.

~Holl~, ~Howe~, _adj._

1. Hollow, deep; _how_, S.

  _Palice Hon._

2. Concave.

  _Douglas._

3. Giving a hollow sound, S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _hol-ur_, cavus, concavus.

~Holl~, _s._ Hold of a ship.

  _Wallace._


HOLLIGLASS, _s._ A character in old Romances.

  _Poems 16th Cent._

    Belg. _Uyle-spegel_, i. e. _Owl-glass_; the original work being
written in Dutch.


HOLLION, _s._ Conjoined with _hip_, Ang.

  _Morison._


HOLM, HOWM, _s._ The level low ground on the banks of a river, S.,
_hoam_, S. B.

    Isl. _hwam-r_, a little valley.

  _Wyntown._


HOLT, _s._ A wood; as in E.


HOLT, _s._

1. High and barren ground.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _hollt_, terra aspera et sterilis.

2. A very small hay cock, or a small quantity of manure before it is
spread, Dumfr.

  _Statist. Acc._


HOME, _adj._ Close, urgent, S.

  _Spalding._


HOMELTY-JOMELTY, _adj._ Clumsy and confused in manner.

  _Dunbar._

    Perh. from _whummil_, and _jumble_.


HOMYLL, _adj._ Having no horns; S. _hummil_, _hummilt_.

V. ~Hummil~.

  _Bellenden._

    Isl. _hamla_, membri mutilatione impedire.


_To_ HOMOLOGATE, _v. a._ To give an indirect approbation of any thing,
S.

  _Burnet._


HONE, _s._ Delay.

  _Barbour._

    Apparently from _Hove_, _How_, q. v.


HONEST, _adj._ Honourable.

  _Wyntown._

~Honest-like~, _adj._

1. Goodly; as regarding the person, S.

2. As respecting dress; not shabby, S.

3. Having the appearance of liberality, or of plenty, S.

~Honesty~, _s._

1. Respectability.

  _Wyntown._

2. Liberality, S.

  _Rutherford._

3. Decency, as becoming one's station, S.

    Lat. _honest-us_, kind; decent.

  _Kelly._


HOO, _s._ Delay.

V. ~Hove~.

  _Wallace._


HOO, _s._ Cap.

V. ~How~.


HOODED CROW, The pewit gull, Orkn.

  _Barry._


_To_ HOOL, _v. a._ To conceal, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

    Su. G. _hoel-ja_, operire; Moes. G. _hul-jan_.


HOOLIE, _adj._ Slow.

V. ~Huly~.


_To_ HOP, HAP, _v. n._ To dance.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _hopp-en_, salire, saltare.


HOP, HOPE, _s._ A sloping hollow between two hills, or the hollow that
forms two ridges between one hill, South of S.

  _Wallace._

    Celt. _hope_, petite vallée entre des montagnes.


HOPE, _s._ A small bay, Orkn.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _hop_, recessus maris.


HORIE GOOSE, the Brent goose; also _horra_, Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._


HORN, _s._ A vessel for holding liquor; figuratively used for its
contents, S.

    Isl. _horn_, poculum.

  _Ramsay._

~Horn~, _s._ An excrescence on the foot, a corn, S. B.

    Sw. _lik-thorn_, id. q. a body-horn.

~Horn~, _s. To put to the horn_, to denounce as a rebel; a forensic
phrase; from the formality of blowing a _horn_, S.

  _Bellenden._

~Horning~, _s._ Or, _Letter of Horning_, a letter issued from his
Majesty's Signet, and directed to a Messenger, who is required to charge
a debtor to pay the debt for which he is prosecuted, or perform the
obligation within a limited time, under the pain of rebellion, S.

  _Erskine._

~Horne~, _s._ One of the constellations.

  _Doug._

~Horn-daft~, _adj._ Outrageous; perhaps in allusion to an animal that
pushes with the _horn_, S.


HORRING, _s._ Abhorrence.

  _Buchanan._


HORSE, _s._ A faucet, S. B.


HORSE-COUPER, _s._ A horse-dealer, S.

  _Colvil._


HORSE-GANG, _s._ A certain quantity of land, S.

  _Pennant._


HORSEGOUK, _s._ The green sand-piper, Shetl.

    Dan. _horse gioeg_.


HORSE-KNOT, _s._ Common black knapweed, S.

  _Lightfoot._


HORSE-MUSCLE, _s._ The pearl oyster, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


HOSE-FISH, _s._ The cuttle-fish, S. _O-fish_, Loth.

  _Sibbald._


HOSE-NET, _s._

1. A small net, affixed to a pole, resembling a stocking, S.

2. _In a hose-net_, in an entanglement, S.

  _R. Bruce._


_To_ HOST, HOIST, _v. n._

1. To cough, S.

  _Henrysone._

2. Metaph. to belch up; applied to the effusions of grief or
displeasure.

  _Doug._

3. To hem, S.

    A. S. _hweost-an_, Su. G. _host-a_, id.

~Host~, ~Hoast~, ~Hoist~, _s._

1. A single act of coughing, S.

  _Dunbar._

2. A settled cough, S.

  _K. Hart._

3. A hem, S.

4. Denoting what is attended with no difficulty or hesitation. _It did
na cost him a host_, S.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _hweost_, Belg. _hoest_, id.


HOSTA, _interj._ Expressing surprise, and perhaps hesitation, Ang.

  _Shirrefs._

    Moes. G. _haus-jan_, audire.


_To_ HOSTAY, _v. a._ To besiege.

    Fr. _hostoyer_, id.

  _Wyntown._


HOSTELER, HOSTELLAR, _s._ An innkeeper.

    Fr. _hostelier_, id.

  _Wallace._

~Hostillar~, ~Hostillarie~, s. An inn.

    Fr. _hostelerie_, id.

  _Acts Ja. I._


_To_ HOTCH, _v. n._ To move the body by sudden jerks, S.

    Teut. _huts-en_, Belg. _hots-en_, Fr. _hoch-er_, to jog.


HOTCH-POTCH, _s._ A dish of broth, made with mutton or lamb, cut into
small pieces, together with green peas, carrots, turnips, and sometimes
parsley or celery, served up with the meat in it, S.

    Teut. _huts-pot_, Fr. _hochepot_.


_To_ HOTTER, _v. a._ To crowd together; expressive of individual motion,
S. O.

    Teut. _hott-en_, coalescere.

  _J. Nicol._


HOU, _s._ A roof-tree.

V. ~How~, _s._ 4.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ HOUD, _v. n._

1. To wriggle, S.

2. To move by succussation, Loth.

~Houd~, _s._ The act of wriggling, S. B.


_To_ HOVE, HOW, HUFE, HUFF, _v. n._

1. To lodge.

  _Barbour._

2. To stay, to tarry.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _hof-en_, domo et hospitio excipere.


_To_ HOVE, _v. n._

1. To swell, S.

  _Hogg._

2. To rise, to ascend.

  _Polwart._

    Dan. _hov-er_, to swell.


HOVE. ~Arthur's Hove~, the ancient building called _Arthur's Oon_, S.

  _Bellenden._


HOUFF, _s._ A haunt.

V. ~Hoif~.

_To_ ~Houff~, _v. n._ To take shelter, S.


HOUFFIT, _part._ Heaved.

  _K. Hart._


HOUGH, _adj._ Having a hollow sound.

  _Glanville._


HOUGH, _adj._ (gutt.)

1. Low, mean; pron. _hogh_.

  _Ramsay._

2. In a poor state of health, S.


_To_ HOUK, _v. a._ Expl. To heap.

  _Gl. Sibb._


HOUK, _s._ A large ship.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _holk_, navis oneraria.


HOURIS, _s. pl._

1. Matins.

  _Bellenden._

2. Metaph. the chanting of birds.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _heures_, a book of prayers for certain hours.


HOURS. _Ten hours_, ten o'clock, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Fr. _qu'elle heure_, S. _what hours?_


HOUSS, _s._ A castle.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _hus_, castellum, arx.


HOW, _adj._ Hollow.

V. ~Holl~.

~How~, _s._

1. Any hollow place, S.

  _Ross._

2. A plain, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

3. The hold of a ship.

  _Douglas._

4. _Dung in the howes_, overturned.

  _Baillie._


HOW, _s._ A tumulus, Orkn.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Isl. _haug_, Su. G. _hoeg_, a sepulchral mound.


HOW, _s._

1. A coif or hood. S. B. pron. _hoo_.

  _Kelly._

    Belg. _huyve_, Dan. _hue_, id.

2. A chaplet.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hufe_, tiara.

3. _Sely how_, also _happy how_, a membrane on the head, with which some
children are born; pron. _hoo_, S. B.

  _Ruddiman._


HOW, HOU, HOO, _s._ A piece of wood, which joins the _couple-wings_
together at the top, on which rests the roof-tree of a thatched house,
S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _huf_, summitas tecti.


HOW, _s._ A hoe, S.

    Fr. _houe_.

  _Barbour._


HOW, HOU, _s._

1. The sound made by the owl.

    Fr. _hu-er_, to hoot.

  _Doug._

2. A sea cheer.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ HOWD, _v. a._ To act as a midwife, S.

    Isl. _iod_, childbirth, _iod sott_, the pangs of childbirth.

~Howdy~, _s._ A midwife, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _iodgumma_, id. i. e. as frequently expressed in S. a
_houdy-wife_.


_To_ HOWDER, _v. n._ To move by succussation, S.

  _Ferguson._


_To_ HOWDER, _v. a._ To hide, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

~Howdrand~, _part. pa._ Hiding.

  _Dunbar._

    S. B. _hode_, to hide; or Teut. _hoeder_, receptaculum.


HOWE, _interj._ A call. S.

  _Douglas._

    Dan. _hoo_, Fr. _ho_, id.


HOWIE, CASTLE-HOWIE, _s._ The name given Orkn. to such of the Picts'
houses as still appear like tumuli.

    From How, a tumulus, q. v.


HOWYN, _part. pa._ Baptised.

  _Wynt._


HOWLLIS HALD, a ruin; q. an owl's habitation.

  _Dunbar._


HOWPHYN, _s._ A term of endearment, equivalent to E. _darling_.

  _Evergreen._

    C. B. _hoffdyn_, one who is beloved.


HOW SA, _adv._ Although.

  _Barbour._


HOWTOWDY, _s._ A hen that has never laid, S.

    Fr. _hustaudeau_, _hutaudeau_, any well-grown pullet.


HUBBILSCHOW, HOBBLESHOW, _s._ A hubbub, a tumult, S.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _hobbel-en_, inglomerare; _schowe_, spectaculum.


_To_ HUCK, _v. n._ To hesitate as in a bargain, q. to play the
_huckster_,

  _Z. Boyd._


HUCKIE-BUCKIE, _s._ A play, in which children slide down a hill on their
_hunkers_, Loth.

V. ~Hunker~.


HUD, _s._ The trough employed by masons for carrying mortar, Loth.


_To_ HUD, _v. n._ To hide.

V. ~Hod~.

  _Leg. St Androis._


HUDDERIN, HUDERON, _part. adj._ Flabby in person, and slovenly. Ang.
pron. _hutherin_.

  _Kelly._

2. Ugly, hideous, Aberd.

  _Journ. Lond._

3. Empty, ill-filled, Orkn.

    Teut. _huyder-en_, to have the udder distended.

~Huddroun~, _s. Belly-huddroun_, _s._ A gluttonous sloven.

  _Dunbar._


HUDDY CRAW, HODDIE, _s._ The carrion crow, S. B. _hoddy craw_, S. A.
_huddit crau_.

  _Complaynt S._


HUDDS, _s._ A kind of clay hardened, used for a back to a grate, Dumfr.

  _Stat. Acc._


HUDDUM, HUDDONE, _s._ A kind of whale.

  _Douglas._


HUDGE-MUDGE, _adj._ Clandestinely, S. B.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

    Su. G. _miugg_, secretly, compounded with _hug-a_, to meditate, O.
Teut. _huggh-en_, to observe.


HUD-PYKE, _s._ A miser.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _pick-hogad_, qui avide desiderat.


HUFUD, _s._ A stroke on the head, S. B.


HUGGRIE-MUGGRIE, _adv._ Hugger-mugger, Fife.

V. ~Hudge-mudge~.


HUICK, _s._ A small rick of corn, Banffs.


_To_ HUIK, _v. a._ To consider, to regard.

  _Chron. S. P._

    Teut. _huggh-en_, observare, considerare.


HUKEBANE, _s._ Huckle-bone, S. B.

    Su. G. Isl. _huk-a_, inclinare se.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ HUKE, Perhaps, to tack; Teut. _huck-en_, incurvare.

  _Maitland P._


HULGIE-BACK, _s._ Hump back.

  _Gl. Ross._

~Hulgie-backed~, _adj._ Hump-backed, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. _hulkig_, convexus, E. _hulch_.


HULY, HOOLIE, _adj._ Slow, moderate, S. _heelie_, Aberd.

  _Douglas._

_Hove_, to stay, S., or Su. G. _hoflig_, moderate.


HULLION, _s._ A sloven, Fife.


HULLCOCK, _s._ The Smooth hound, a fish, Orkn.


HULTER CORN, _s._ The same with _shilling_, Aberd. q. _hulled_.

  _Stat. Acc._


HUM, _s._ A sham, S.

    Su. G. _hum_, an uncertain rumour.


_To_ HUM, To feed, as birds do their young, by billing, Ang.


HUMANITY, _s._ The study of the Latin language.

Hence _the Humanity Class_, that in which this is taught; and the
teacher, the _Professor of humanity_.

    Lat. _Literae Humaniores_.

  _Stat. Acc._


HUMDRUM, _s._ Dejection, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _humm-a_, admurmurare, and _drom-a_, tarde et lente gradi.


HUMEST, _adj._ Uppermost.

V. ~Umast~.

  _Wallace._


HUMLY, _adj._ Humble.

  _Bellenden._


HUMLOIK, _s._ Hemlock.

  _Lyndsay._


HUMMEL, _s._ A drone.

  _Dunbar._

    Germ. _hummel_, fucus.


_To_ HUMMEL, _v. a. To hummil bear_, to separate the grain of barley
from the beards, S. B.

~Hummel-corn~, _s._ Grain which wants a beard, as pease, &c. S. B.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Su. G. _haml-a_, to mutilate.


HUMMEL, _adj._ Wanting horns.

V. ~Homyll~.


HUMMIE, _s._ The game otherwise called _shintie_, Loth.


HUMSTRUM, _s._ A pet.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    _Hum_, as in _hum-drum_, and _strum_, q. v.


HUND, _s._

1. A dog, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Moes. G. _hunds_, A. S. _hund_, canis.

2. An avaricious person, S.

    Teut. _hond_, homo avarus.


HUNE, _s._ Delay.

V. ~Hone~.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ HUNE, _v. n._ To emit a querulous sound, Ang.

    Su. G. _hwin-a_, lugere.


HUNGRY GROUND, ground, by superstition, believed to be so much under the
power of enchantment, that he who passes over it would infallibly faint,
if he did not use something for the support of nature, West of S.


_To_ HUNKER, _v. n._ To squat down.

  _Gl. Shirr._

_To_ ~Hunker~, _v. a._ The same.

  _Pop. Ball._

~Hunkers~, _s. pl. To sit on one's hunkers_, to sit with the hips
hanging downwards, S.

    Isl. _huk-a_, incurvare se modo cacantis.


HUPES _of a mill_, _s. pl._ The circular wooden frame, which surrounds
the millstones, Loth. q. _hoops_.


_To_ HUR, _v. n._ To snarl.

  _Muses Thren._

    Lat. _hirr-ire_, id.


HURBLE, _s._ A lean or meagre object, S. B.


HURCHAM, _adj._ Like a hedgehog.

  _Dunbar._


HURCHEON, _s._ A hedgehog, S.


HURD, HURDE, _s._ A hoard, S.

  _Wyntown._


HURDIES, _s. pl._ The buttocks, S.

  _Lyndsay._


HURDYS, _s. pl._ Hurdles.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Germ. _hurd_, Belg. _horde_, Fr. _hourde_.


_To_ HURDLE, _v. n._ To crouch like a cat or hare, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirrefs._


HURE, HORE, _s._ A whore, S.

  _Godly Sangs._

    A. S. _hure_, Teut. _hur_, Belg. _hoere_.

~Huredome~, Whoredom, id.


_To_ HURKILL, HURKLE, _v. n._

1. To draw the body together, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To be in a rickety state.

  _Dunbar._

3. To be contracted into folds.

  _Ritson._

~Hurkle-backit~, _adj._ Crook-backed, S.

  _Godly Ball._

    Belg. _hurk-en_, to squat, to sit stooping.


HURL, _s._ The act of scolding, S.


HURLE BEHIND, the diarrhoea.

  _Dunbar._


HURLEBARROW, _s._ A wheel-barrow, S.

  _Watson._


HURLY, _s._ Expl. the "last."

  _Poems Buch. Dial._


HURLIE-HACKET, _s._ Sliding down a precipice, S. A.

  _Lyndsay._

    Su. G. _hurr-a_, whence E. _hurl_, and _halk-a_, to slide.


HURLOCH, URLOCH, _adj._ Cloudy, Gael. _obherlach_.

  _Popular Ball._


HURRY-SCURRY, _s._ An uproar, Ang.

    Su. G. _hurra_, cum impetu circumagi; _skorra_, sonum stridulum
edere.


HURSTIS.

V. ~Hirst~.


HURTHY, L. _hurtly_, promptly.

  _Houlate._

    Germ. _hurtig_, expeditus; _hurt_, impetus.


HUSBAND, _s._ A farmer.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _husbonda_, L. B. _husbanda_, paterfamilias agriculturam
exercens.

~Husband-land~, s. A division of land.

  _Skene._


HUSCHER, _s._ An usher.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    Fr. _huissier_, id. from _huis_, a door.


HUSE, L. _hufe_, tarry.

  _Houlate._


HUSH, _s._ The Lump, a fish, S.


_To_ HUSH, _v. n._ To rush, Loth.


HUSHEL, _s._ Any implement that is worn out, Ang.


HUSHION, _s._ Apparently the same with _Hoeshin_.

  _Burns._


HUSSYFSKAP, _s._ Housewifery.

V. ~Hissieskip~.


HUSSILLING, _s._ A rattling or clashing noise.

  _Douglas._


_To_ HUSTLE, _v. n._ To emit such a sound as an infant does when highly
pleased, Ang.

    Isl. _hwisl-a_, in aurum susurrare.


HUT, An overgrown and indolent person, Ang.

~Hut~, ~Hand-hut~, _s._ A small stack built in the field, S.


HUT, _s._ A square basket, formerly used in Galloway for carrying out
dung to the field, of which the bottom opened to let the contents fall
out.


HUTHER, _s._ A wetting mist, S. B. ~It's hutherin~, it rains slightly,
ibid.

    Isl. _hiufrar_, parum pluit; _hiufr_, pluvia tenuis.


HUTHERIN, _s._

1. A young heifer, Ang. Loth.

V. ~Hudderin~.

2. A stupid fellow, Orkney.


HUTTIS ILL, some disease.

  _Roull._


HUTTIT, _adj._ Hated, abominable.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _hutta_, cum indignatione et contemtu ejicere.


HUTTOCK, _s._ Perhaps mitre.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Fr. _haute toque_, high cap.


_To_ HUZZH, _v. a._ To lull a child, S.

    Isl. _hoss-a_, id.


HWINKLE FACED, _adj._ Lantern-jawed, Orkn.



I, J, Y.


J corresponds to Germ.  Belg. _sch_, Su. G.  Isl. _sk_.  Y, as prefixed
to verbs, participles and verbal nouns, is merely the vestige of A. S.
_ge_, corresponding to Moes. G. _ga_.  _Ie_ is a termination used for
forming diminutives.


JA, _s._ The jay.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


JABB, _s._ A net for catching the fry of coal-fish.

  _Stat. Acc._


JABBIT, _adj._ Fatigued, jaded.

  _Gl. Shirr._


JABBLE, _s._ Soup, Aberd.

  _Shirrefs._


JACINCTYNE, _s._ Hyacinth.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _jacynthe_, id.


JACKSTIO, _s._ Jack-pudding.

  _Polwart._

    Su. G. _stoja_, tumultuari; Isl. _stygg-r_, insolens.


_To_ JAG, _v. a._

1. To job, S.

  _Watson._

2. To pierce.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _zack_, cuspis; _zeichnen_, to prick.


JAG, _s. Jack_, or hunter, fashion of boots.

    Teut. _jagh-en_, agitare feras.

  _Ritson._


JAGGET, _s._ A full sack dangling at every motion.


_To_ JAIP, JAPE, _v. a._ To mock.

  _Doug._

    A. S. _gabb-an_, Su. G. _gabb-a_, irridere.

~Jaip~, ~Jape~, _s._

1. A mock.

  _Douglas._

2. A deception.

  _Douglas._

~Jaiper~, ~Japer~, _s._ A buffoon.

  _Gl. Sibb._


JAY-PYET, _s._ A jay, Ang. Perths.


_To_ JAK, _v. n._ To spend time idly, S. _jauk_, q. v.

  _Priests Peblis._

~Jaukin~, _s._ Dallying, S.

  _Burns._


JAKMEN, _s. pl._ Retainers kept by a landholder, for fighting in his
quarrels.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _jaque_, a short coat of mail worn by them.


JAM, _s._ A projection, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Fr. _jambe_, a corbel.


_To_ JAMPH, _v. a._

1. To mock, S.

  _Ross._

2. To shuffle, S.

  _Ross._

3. To act the part of a male jilt.

  _Id._

4. To trifle, S.

    Su. G. _skymf-a_, to scoff, _schimpf-en_, id.  Su. G. _skaemta
tiden_, tempus fallere.

~Jampher~, _s._ A scoffer, S.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _schamper_, derisor.


JANGEALAR, _s._ A juggler.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ JANGIL, JANGLE, _v. n._ To prattle.

    Fr. _jangl-er_, id.

  _Complaynt S._

~Janglour~, _s._ A prater.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Fr. _jangleur_, id.


_To_ JANK, _v. n._

1. To trifle, Loth.

  _Cleland._

    Isl. _kiaenk-a_, arridere, might seem allied.

2. _To jank off_, to run off, Loth.


JANKIT, _part. adj._ Fatigued, jaded, Loth.


JANTY, _adj._ Cheerful, Fife.

  _A. Douglas._

    Su. G. _gant-as_, to sport like children.


_To_ JAPE, _v. a._ To mock.

V. ~Jaip~.


_To_ JARG, _v. n._ To make a sharp shrill noise, to creak, Bord.

  _Douglas._

2. To flinch.

  _Mellvill's MS._

    Su. G. _jerg-a_, eadem oberrare chorda.

_To_ ~Jargle~, _v. n._ To produce reiterated shrill sounds, Bord.

A dimin. from _Jarg_, or from O. Fr. _jergouill-er_, to mumble, to
mutter.

~Jargolyne~, _s._ Chattering.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ JARR, _v. n._ To make a harsh and grating noise; E. _jar_.

  _Douglas._


_To_ JARR, _v. n._ To stir with a staff in water.

    Alem. _girr-en_, turbare.

  _Douglas._


JASP, _s._ Jasper.

    Fr. id.

  _Henrysone._


JAUDIE, _s._

1. The stomach of a hog, Roxb.

2. A pudding of oat-meal and hogs' lard, with onions and pepper,
inclosed in a sow's stomach, Loth. S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    C. B. _gwaedogen_, omasum, a fat tripe; Arm. _guadec_, a pudding;
_guadegen kig minset_, a haggis.


JAVEL.

V. ~Jevel~.


JAUELLOUR, JEVELLOUR, _s._ A jailor.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ JAUK, _v. n._ To trifle, S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _jack-a_, continuo agitare; or Teut. _gack-en_, ludere.


JAW, JAWE, _s._

1. A wave, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A flash of water, S.

3. Coarse raillery, petulant language, S.

  _Burns._

4. Loquacity, S.

_To_ ~Jaw~, _v. n._

1. To dash, S.

  _Minst. Bord._

2. _v. a._ To spirt, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. To assault with coarse raillery, S.

  _A. Douglas._


_To_ JAWNER, _v. n._ To talk foolishly, Clydes.

  _Falls of Clyde._


JAWP, JAUP, JALP, _s._

1. A flash, a dash of water.

  _Douglas._

2. A spot of mud or dirty water, S.

3. Dregs, S. A.

  _J. Nicol._

Pron. _jalp_, both in the North and South of S.; in the West _jawpe_.

    Isl. _gialf-ur_, a hissing or roaring wave; _gialfr-a_, _gialp-a_,
obstrepere, allidere, applied to the dashing of waves; Belg. _zwalp_, a
flash of water.

_To_ ~Jawp~, _v. n._ To dash and rebound as water, S.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Jawp~, ~Jalp~, _v. a._ To bespatter with mud, S.

  _Kelly._


JAWTHERS, _s. pl._ Idle, frivolous discourse, S.

    Isl. _gialfra_, incondita loqui.


YBET, _part. pa._ Supplied.

  _Pal. Hon._

    A. S. _gebette_, emendatus.


ICHONE, YCHONE, Each one.

  _Doug._


YCORN, _part. pa._ Selected.

  _Sir Trist._

    A. S. _gecoren_, selectus; _ge-cur-an_, Su. G. _kora_, eligere.


ICKER, _s._ An ear of corn.

V. ~Echer~.


ICTERICK, _adj._ Of or belonging to jaundice.

    Fr. _icterique_.

  _Mellvill's MS._


YDANT, _adj._ Diligent.

V. ~Ithand~.


YDY, _s._ An eddy, a pool.

  _Houlate._

    Isl. _ida_, vortex aquae, _id-a_, more fluentis aquae circumcursito.


IDLESET, _s._ The state of being idle, S.

    Q. _set_ or placed _idle_.

  _R. Bruce._


YDILTETH, _s._ Idleness.

  _K. Ja. VI._

    A. S. _idel tid_, tempus vacuum.


YDRAW, _part. pa._ Drawn; metaph. advanced.

  _Douglas._


_To_ JEALOUSE, _v. a._ To suspect, S.

  _Wodrow._


JEBAT, _s._ A gibbet.

  _Bellenden._


JEDDART JUSTICE, A legal trial after the infliction of punishment, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

~Jedburgh staff~, A kind of spear, for making which the artificers of
Jedburgh were formerly celebrated.

  _Spalding._


JEDGE, _s._ A gauge.

  _Acts. Ja. VI._

    O. Fr. _jauger_, to gage.


_To_ JEE, _v. n._

1. To move, to stir, S.

  _Ross._

2. To move to one side, S. _Gee_, E.

    Sw. _gaa_, to budge; also to turn round; Isl. _gag-ast_, in obliquum
ferri.


_To_ JEEG, _v. n._

1. To creak, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To _jeeg at_, to work so as to make a creaking noise, S.

    Isl. _jag-a_, eadem oberrare chorda; or _gigia_, a fiddle.


JEEGLER, _s._ An unfledged bird, Loth.


JELLY, adj.

1. Upright, worthy, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

2. Excellent in its kind, Moray.

  _Popular Ball._

    Su. G. _gill_, able; also denoting the moral qualities.


JELLILY, _adv._ Merrily, Moray; _jollily_, E.

  _Popular Ball._


JILLET, _s._ A giddy girl, S. perhaps corr. from E. _jilt_.

  _Burns._


JEMMIES, _s. pl._ A species of woollen cloth, Aberd.


JENEPERE, _s._ Juniper.

  _K. Quair._


JEOPERD, _s._ A battle.

  _Bellenden._

~Jeoparty trot~, _s._

1. A quick motion between running and walking, Dumfr.

2. A contemptuous designation, perhaps as equivalent to _coward_,
_poltroon_, Dumf.


IER-OE, _s._ A great grandchild, S. O.

  _Burns._

    Ir. _iar_, after, and _ua_, a grandchild.


JEROFFLERIS, GERAFLOURIS, _s. pl._ Gilliflowers.

  _King's Quair._

    Teut. _gheroffel_, Lat. _caryophylla_, id.


JESP, _s._ A gap in the woof, S.


JEVE, _s._ A shove with the elbow, S.

    Germ. _scheib-en_, Su. G. _skufw-a_, propellere.

_To_ ~Jevel~, _v. a._ To joggle, Ang.


_To_ JEVEL, _v. n._ To move obliquely, Loth.


JEVEL, JEFWELL, JAVELL, _s._ A contemptuous term; meaning unknown.

  _Chr. Kirk._


YFERE, _adv._ In company.

V. ~Fere~.


JIFFIE, _s._ A moment, Loth. _Jiffin_, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._


JIMP, _s._ Thin slips of leather, put between the outer and inner soles
of a shoe, S.

    Isl. _skaemt-a_, brevem reddere; so _short_ as to be of no proper
use.


_To_ JIMP, _v. n._ To leap, S.


JYMP, _s._ A quirk.

V. ~Gymp~, _s._


JIMP, _adj._

1. Neat, slender, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

2. Scanty, S.

V. ~Gymp~, _adj._


JIMPS, _s. pl._ A kind of easy stays, S. _Jumps_, E.

~Jimpey~, _s._ The same with _Jimps_.

  _Pop. Ball._


JINGLE, _s._ The smooth water at the back of a stone in a river, Ang.


_To_ JINK, _v. n._ To elude a person who is trying to lay hold of one,
S. _jenk_, S. B.

  _Burns._

2. To cheat, to trick, S.

  _P. Buch. Dial._

3. To make a quick turn.

  _Burns._

4. To escape, to avoid, S.

  _Ferguson._

5. To spend time idly, S. A.

  _J. Nicol._

    Su. G. _swink-a_, subterfugia quaerere, Germ. _schwink-en_,
celeriter movere.

~Jink~, _s._ The act of eluding another, S.

  _Burns._

~Jinker~, _s._

1. A gay sprightly girl.

  _Ramsay._

2. A horse quick in its motions.

  _Burns._


_To_ JIRBLE, _v. n._ To spill liquids, Fife.


JIRGLE, _s._ Any small quantity of liquor left in the bottom of a glass,
or that has been emptied from one vessel to another, S.

_To_ ~Jirgle~, _v. n._ To empty any small quantity of liquor from one
vessel to another, S.


_To_ JIRK, _v. a._

V. ~Chirk~.


JIRT, _s._ Expl. "jerk."

  _Burns._


JISP, _s._ A flaw, fracture, or small orifice, S.

    Isl. _geisp-a_, hisco, _geispe_, q. a chink.


JIZZEN-BED, GIZZEN, _s._ Child-bed.

_To lie in jizzen_, to be on the straw, S. B.

  _Forbes._

    O. Fr. _gesine_, lying in child-bed; _gesir_, to be in child-bed;
L. B. _gesina_, puerperium.


IK, IC, _pron._ I.

    A. S. _ic_.

  _Barbour._


IC, _conj._ Also.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _ic-an_, to add.


ILD, _v. imp._ Would not.

  _Wyntown._

_Ill they_, _will they_, S. B.

    Isl. _ill-a_, controvertere.


ILK, ILKA, _adj. pron._ Each, every; _ilk-ane_, every one, S.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _aelc_, _elc_, omnis, singulus.


ILK, ILKE, _adj._ The same.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ylc_, _ylca_, id. _Of that ilk_, of the same; denoting that
he, who is thus designed, has a title the same with his surname.

  _Bellenden._

~Ilkaday~, _s._ A lawful day, as distinguished from that which is
appropriated to Christian worship, S. from _ilk_, every, and _day_.

  _Falls of Clyde._

_Ilkadays claise_, the clothes worn on ordinary days, by the working
classes, as distinguished from those reserved for Sabbath. S.


ILL, _s._

1. The _evil_, or fatal effects ascribed to the influence of witchcraft,
S.

2. Disease, malady.

  _Barbour._


ILL-BEST, _adj._ The best of those who are bad, S.

  _Baillie._


ILL-DEEDIE, _adj._ Mischievous, S.

  _Burns._


ILL-EASED, _adj._ Reduced to a state of inconvenience, S.


ILL-GAINSHON'D, _adj._ Mischievous.

V. ~Gaishon~.


ILL-GAITED, _adj._ Having bad habits, S.


_To_ ILL-HEAR, _v. a._ To chide, to scold S. B.


ILL-LESS, _adj._

1. Inoffensive, S.

2. Without evil design.

  _Spalding._


ILL-MUGGENT, _adj._ Evil-disposed, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Germ. _mog-en_, _moog-en_, to incline.


ILL-PRATTIE, _adj._ Mischievous, S. B.

V. ~Prat~.


ILL-SAR'D, _adj._ Ill-savoured.


ILL-SCRAPIT, _adj._ Rude, S.

  _Forbes._


ILL-WILLIE, ILL-WILLIT, _adj._

1. Ill-natured, envious, S.

  _Kelly._

2. Niggardly, S.

  _Ferguson._

5. Reluctant, S. B.

  _Popular Ball._

    Isl. _illvilie_, malevolentia.


YMAGE, _s._ Homage.

  _Wallace._


YMAGERIS, _s. pl._ Images.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _imager_, _-ere_, belonging to images.


IMBASSET, _s._ L. _inbasset_. Ambassador.

  _Wallace._


IMMER GOOSE, The greater ducker, Orkn.

  _Sibbald._

  _Barry._

    _Immer_, id. Norw. Dan. &c.


IMMICK, _s._ An ant, S. apparently corr. from E. _emmet_.


IMMIS, _adj._ Variable.

V. ~Emmis~.


_To_ YMP, _v. a._ To ingraff.

  _Henrysone._

    A. S. _imp-an_, Su. G. _ymp-a_, id. E. _imp_.


IMPERTINENT, _adj._ Uncivil, indiscreet, S.

  _Baillie._


_To_ IMPESCHE, _v. a._ To hinder.

    Fr. _empescher_, id.

  _G. Buchanan._


_To_ IMPYRE, _v. n._ To bear sway.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ IMPLEMENT, _v. a._ To fulfil, S.

  _Law Case._


YMPNE, _s._ A hymn.

  _Douglas._


_To_ IMPONE, _v. a._ To impose.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ IMPRIEVE, _v. a._ To disprove; also to impeach; a forensic term.

  _Acts Sedt._

    Lat. _improb-are_, to disallow.


IMPRESTABLE, _adj._ What cannot be performed.

  _Wodrow._

    Lat. _in_ neg. and _praest-are_, to perform.


IN, _prep._ Into.

    Moes. G.  A. S. _in_, id.

  _Wallace._


IN, a termination denoting the feminine gender; as in Germ. and Su. G.


IN, INNYS, _s._

1. A dwelling, A. S.

    Su. G. Isl. _inne_, id.

  _Barbour._

_Inns_, in vulgar language, S. a house of entertainment.

2. The tents of an army on the field.

  _Barbour._


IN ANE, _adv._

1. Together.

  _Douglas._

2. Without cessation, always.

  _Id._

3. Anon, quickly.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _on an_, simul, continuo; Teut. _aeneen_, id.


INAMITIE, _s._ Enmity.

  _Knox._


INBEARING, _part._ Embracing every opportunity of ingratiating one's
self, S.


INBY, _adv._

1. Nearer to any object, S.

  _Ross._

2. In the inner part of a house, S.


_To_ INBRING, _v. a._ To import.

  _Acts Ja. II._


_To_ INCALL, _v. a._ To invoke.

  _R. Bruce._


INCH, INCHE, _s._ An island, S.

  _Bellenden._

    C. B. _ynis_, Ir. _innshe_, Gael. _insh_, id.


INCOME, _s._ Any bodily infirmity, not apparently proceeding from an
external cause, S.


INCOMIN, _part. pr._ Ensuing, S.


INCONTINENT, _adv._ Forthwith, Fr.


INCOUNTREY, _s._ The interior of a country.

  _Spotswood._


IND, for _in_ prep.

  _Bannatyne P._


INDILLING.

V. ~Eldnyng~.

  _Dunbar._


INDING, _adj._ Unworthy.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _indigne_, id.


INDRAUGHT, _s._ A strong current.

    Su. G. _indrag-a_, to draw in.

  _St. Acc._


INDULT, _s._ A papal indulgence, Fr. id.

  _Bellenden._


INEFFECTIONAT, _adj._ Candid; from _in_ neg. and _affectionate_, q.
without partial attachment.

  _Crosraguell._


INFAL, _s._ A hostile attack.

  _Wodrow._

    Teut. _in-val_, illapsus.


INFANGTHEFE, _s._

1. A thief apprehended by a baron within his own territory.

  _Skene._

    A. S. _infangenthef_, a thief taken within.

2. The privilege conferred on a landholder of trying a thief taken
within his territory.

V. ~Fang~.


INFAR, INFARE, _s._

1. An entertainment given by the possessor, on newly entering a house.

  _Barbour._

2. The entertainment made for the reception of a bride in the
bridegroom's house, S.

  _Spalding._

    A. S. _infaere_, ingress.


INFIELD, _adj._

1. Applied to land receiving manure, and still kept under crop, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. To corn growing on this land, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

~Infield~, _s._ Land continually cropped, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


INFORTUNE, _s._ Misfortune.

  _Lyndsay._


INGAN, _s._ Onion, S.

  _Ramsay._


INGER, _s._ Expl. as signifying a gleaner, Loth.

    O. Teut. _inghe_, angustus; _ingher_, exactio.

~Ingher's pock~, a quantity of all kinds of grain dried in a pot, and
ground into meal, Loth.


INGYNE, ENGYNE, ENGENIE, _s._

1. Ingenuity, genius, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Disposition.

  _Pitscottie._

3. Mind in general.

  _Pitscottie._

4. Scientific knowledge.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _engin_, _engien_, esprit, volonté, genie, Roquef.


_To_ INGYRE, INGIRE, _v. a._ To introduce one's self into any situation,
by artful methods.

  _Douglas._

    Lat. _in_ and _gyr-o_, q. to wind one's self into favour.


INGLE, INGIL, _s._ Fire, S. A. Bor.

    Gael. _aingeal_, Lat. _ignis_.

  _Doug._

~Ingle-nook~, _s._ The corner of the fireside, S.

  _Ferguson._


_To_ INHABLE, _v. a._ To render unfit.

  _R. Bruce._

    L. B. _inhabil-itare_, incapacem declarare.


INHADDIN, _adj._ Applied to fuel which must be constantly _held in_, or
supplied, to the fire, S. B.

~Inhaddin~, _s._ Frugality, S. B. q. _holding in_.


INIQUE, _adj._ Unjust, Fr.

  _Balnaues._


INKIRLIE.

V. ~Enkerly~.


_To_ INLAKE, _v. a._ To want.

  _Pitscottie._

_To_ ~Inlake~, _v. n._

1. To be deficient, S.

  _Maitland P._

    _In_ and Teut. _laeck-en_, diminuere; diminui.

2. To die, S.

  _Journ. Lond._

~Inlaik~, ~Inlake~, ~Inlacking~, _s._

1. Deficiency, of whatever kind, S.

  _Pitscottie._

2. Death, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


INLYING, _s._ Childbearing, S.


INMEATS, _s. pl._ Those parts of the intestines used for food, S.

    Sw. _inmaete_, intestines.


_To_ INN, _v. a._ To bring in corn from the field, S.

    O. E.  Teut. _inn-en_, colligere.


INNERLY, _adj._ Affectionate, compassionate, S. A.

    Sw. _innerlig_, id. from _inner_, interior.


INNYS, _s._

V. ~In~.


INOBEDIENT, _adj._ Disobedient, Fr.

  _Lyndsay._

~Inobedient~, _s._ A disobedient person.

  _Lyndsay._

~Inobedience~, _s._ Disobedience.

  _Lyndsay._


INNOUTH, _adv._ Within.

V. ~Inwith~.


YNOM, _pret._ Took.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _genom_, id.


INORE, _s._ Perh. honour.

  _Sir Gawan._

    O. Fr. _enor_, id.


INORME, _adj._ Atrocious.

  _Chr. S. P._


_To_ INPUT, _v. a._ To put in.

  _Spalding._


INPUT, _s._

1. Share in a contribution, S.

2. Balance, in change of money, S.

3. Aid, metaph.

  _Ross._


_To_ IN-RIN, _v. a._ To incur.

  _Acts Ja. II._


INSCALES, _s. pl._ Racks at the lower end of a cruive.

  _Law Case._


INSICHT, _s._

1. Furniture of a house.

  _Burr. Lawes._

2. The implements of husbandry on a farm.

  _Bellenden._

3. Means of subsistence.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _insaete hus_, casa, casula.

~Insight~, _adj._ In relation to household furniture.

  _Spalding._

2. As to agricultural implements.

  _Id._


_To_ INSYLE, _v. a._ To infold.

V. ~Syle~.

  _Douglas._


INSPRAICH, _s._ Furniture of a house, Loth.

V. ~Spraichrie~.

  _Leg. St. Androis._


INSPRENT, _pret. v._ Sprung in.

V. ~Sprent~.


INSTRUMENT, _s._ A written document, given in proof of any deed of a
court, or transaction of an individual in that court, S.

1. _To ask an instrument_, or _instruments_; to demand a legal document
with respect to a deed.

  _G. Buchanan._

2. _To take instrument_ or _instruments_, to throw down money to the
clerk of a court, as claiming the benefit of a deed, or as confirming a
protest against it; used improperly, S.

  _Spalding._

L. B. _instrumentum_, a document.


_To_ INSWAKK, _v. a._ To throw in.

V. ~Swak~.

  _Douglas._


_To_ INTAKE, _v. a._ To take a fortified place.

  _Baillie._

    Sw. _intag-a_, to take a town.


INTAKE, _s._

1. The bringing in of the crop, S.

2. A contraction, in sewing, S.

3. That portion of running water which is _taken_ off from the principal
stream, S.

  _Law Case._

4. A fraud, a swindling trick, S.

5. A swindler, Aberd.


_To_ INTEND, _v. n._ To direct one's course.

    L. B. _intend-ere_, id.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ INTEND, _v. a._ To prosecute legally, a forensic term.

  _Acts Sed._

    L. B. _intend-ere_, judicio contendere.


_To_ INTENT, _v. a._ Same as the preceding _v._

    L. B. _intent-are_, id.

  _Wodrow._


_To_ INTERCOMMUNE, _v. n._ To have any intercourse with one denounced a
rebel.

  _Wodrow._

~Intercommuner~, ~Intercommoner~, _s._

1. One who holds such intercourse.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. One who treats between parties at variance.

  _Baillie._


INTERKAT, _adj._ Intricate.

  _Henrysone._


_To_ INTERMELL, _v. n._ To intermingle.

V. ~Mell~.


_To_ INTERPELL, _v. a._ To importune, Lat.

  _R. Bruce._


_To_ INSIST, _v. n._ To continue in a discourse, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


_To_ INTERTRIK, _v. a._ To censure.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _entre_ and _triquer_, to cull out.


INSUCKEN, _s._

V. ~Sucken~.


INTEST, Perhaps, troubled.

  _Houlate._

    O. Fr. _entest-er_, to trouble.


INTHRANG, _pret._ Pressed into.

V. ~Thring~.

  _Dunbar._


INTILL, _prep._

1. In, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Into, as denoting entrance, S.


_To_ INTROMIT, _v. n._ To intermeddle with goods that belonged to one
deceased, S.

  _Erskine._

    L. B. _intromitt-ere_, id.

~Intromission~, _s._ The act of intermeddling in this way, S.

  _Erskine._

~Intromitter~, ~Intrometter~, _s._ One who intermeddles, as defined
above, S.

  _L. Hailes._


_To_ INTRUSS, _v. a._ To intrude.

  _Henrysone._

    Fr. _intrus_, _intruse_, intruded.


INVAIRD, L. _Invairt_, inwardly.

  _Houlate._


_To_ INVAIRD, INWARD, _v. a._ To put inward.

  _Gl. Sibb._


INUASIBIL, _adj._ Invading.

  _Douglas._


INVICTAND, _part. pa._ Carrying.

  _Douglas._

    L. B. _invect-are_; or perh. _infecting_.


INUNTMENT, _s._ Ointment.

  _Doug._

    Lat. _inungo_.


INWITH, INNOUTH, _adv._ Within, S.

V. ~Outwith~.

  _Bellenden._

    Sw. _inuti_, within.

~Inwith~, _adj._ Inclining downwards, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ INYET, _v. a._ To infuse.

V. ~Yet~.

  _Douglas._


JO, JOE, _s._

1. A sweetheart, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Expressing affection, and some degree of familiarity, S.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _joye_, _joie_; _mon joie_, my darling.


JOCKEY-COAT, _s._ A great coat, S.


JOCKY-LANDY, _s._ A lighted stick, wisp, or any thing blazing, foolishly
given as a plaything to children, S. B.

    _Jack-a-lent_, E.


JOCKTELEG, _s._ A folding knife, S.

  _Burns._

    From _Jacques de Liege_, the name of a celebrated cutler.


_To_ JOGILL, _v. a._ To jog, S.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _schockel-en_, vacillare.


JOG-TROT, _s._

1. Slow motion on horseback, S.; corr. _dog-trot_.

2. A particular mode of operation to which one pertinaciously adheres,
S.


JOHN'S (St) NUTT, two nuts growing together in one husk; the possession
of which is supposed to secure against witchcraft; Dumfr., Perths.

  _Legend St Androis._


JOHNSTON'S (St) RIBBAND.

V. ~Ribband~.


IOYALL, _adj._ Causing delight.

  _Burel._


JOYEUSITY, _s._ Jollity.

  _Knox._

    Fr. _joyeuseté_.


JOINT, _s._ A word out of joint, one that is improper in any respect, S.


_To_ JOIS, JOYS, IOS, _v. a._ To enjoy.

  _Douglas._


JONETTE, _s._ Apparently, marsh marigold.

    Fr. _jaulnette_, id.

  _K. Quair._


JORDELOO, a cry which servants in the higher stories in Edinburgh were
wont to give, after ten at night, when they threw their dirty water, &c.
from the windows; also used to denote the contents of the vessel.


JORNEYE, JORNAY, JOWRNÉ, _s._

1. Day's work.

  _Wyntown._

2. Battle, fight.

  _Douglas._

3. Single combat.

  _Wyntown._

4. Warlike expedition.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _journée_, a day's work; also, a battle, from _jour_, a day.


JOT, _s._ A job, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._


_To_ JOT, _v. a._ To take short notes, S.

    E. _jot_, a point, a title.

~Jotting~, _s._ A memorandum, S.


JOUCATTE, JOUCAT, _s._

1. A measure of liquids.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. Now used as synon. with _gill_, Loth.

    E. _jugg_, Dan. _jugge_, urna.


JOUGS, _s. pl._

V. ~Juggs~.


JOUGS, _s. pl._ Bad liquors, S. B.


_To_ JOUK, JOWK, JOOK, _v. n._

1. To incline the body forwards with a quick motion, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To bend in consequence of a stroke.

  _Douglas._

3. To make obeisance.

  _Knox._

4. To act deceitfully, S.

5. To yield to any present evil, by making the best of it, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Germ. _zuck-en_, to shrink or shrug, in order to ward off a blow.

~Jouk~, ~Juik~, _s._

1. An evasive motion, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A bow, a genuflexion.

  _Godly Ball._

3. A slight curtsey, S. B.

  _Ross._

4. A shelter of any kind, Perths.

5. A trick.

  _Leg. St Androis._

~Jouking~, ~Jowking~, _s._

1. Shifting.

  _Doug._

2. Artful conduct, S.

~Joukry-pawkry~, _s._ Trick, juggling, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


_To_ JOUNDIE, JUNDIE, _v. a._ To jog with the elbow, S. _junnie_, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Sw. _skynd-a_, to hasten, to push forward.

~Joundie~, ~Jundie~, _s._ A push with the elbow, S.

  _Ramsay._


JOURDAN, JORDAN, _s._ A chamberpot, S. O. E.

    A. S. _gor_, stercus, _den_ cubile.


JOURNELLIE, _adv._ Daily.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ JOW, _v. n._

1. To move from side to side; _to jow on_, to jog on, S.

2. To toll, S.

  _Burns._

_To_ ~Jow~, _v. a._ To move, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

2. To toll a large bell by the motion of its tongue.

  _Gl. Sibb._

3. To ring.

  _Knox._

~Jow~, _s._ A single stroke in tolling, S.

  _Percy._


JOW, _s._ A juggler.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _jou-er_, to play.


JOW-JOWRDANE-HEDED, _adj._

V. ~Jourdan~.

  _Dunbar._


IOWIS, _s. pl._ Jaws.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _joue_, the cheek.


_To_ JOWK, _v. n._ To play tricks.

  _Houlate._


_To_ IRK, _v. n._ To tire.

  _Wallace._

~Irk~, _adj._ Indolent.

V. ~Ergh~.

  _Henrysone._

    A. S. _earg_, piger.


YRLE, _s._ A dwarf.

  _Kennedy._


IRNE, YRN, AIRN, _s._

1. Iron; _ern_, S.

  _Douglas._

2. In _pl._ fetters, S.

3. _New aff the airns_, recently come from finishing one's studies, S.

    Isl. _iarn_, Su. G. _iern_, id.


IRRESPONSAL, _adj._ Insolvent.

  _Rutherford._


IRRITANT, _adj._ Rendering null.

  _Acts Sedt._

    L. B. _irritare_, irritum facere.


IRUS, IROWS, _adj._ Angry.

  _Wyntown._

    Lat. _ira_, anger.

~Irusly~, _adv._ Angrily.

  _Barbour._


IS, _term._ The mark of the genitive sing., as _manis_, of man; in A. S.
_es_.


_To_ ISCH, ISCHE, _v. n._ To issue.

    O. Fr. _yss-ir_, id.

  _Barbour._

_To_ ~Ische~, _v. a._ To cause to issue.

    Isl. _ys-a_, expellere.

  _Acts Ja. V._

~Isché~, _s._ Issue.

  _Douglas._


ISE,

1. I shall.

  _Ross._

2. I am, West of S. q. _I is_.


ISECHOKILL, _s._ An icicle, S. _ice-shogle_, S. A.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ice-gicel_, Belg. _yskegel_, id.


ISILLIS, _pl._ Embers.

V. ~Eizel~.


ISK, ISKIE, _interj._ The word used in calling a dog, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Fr. _icy_, hither; or Teut. _aes_, _aesken_, a dog.


ITHAND, YTHEN, YTHAND, _adj._

1. Busy, diligent; S. _eident_.

  _Doug._

2. Steady, uniform.

  _Barbour._

3. Constant, continual.

  _Bellenden._

    Su. G. Isl. _idin_, laborious, industrious; _idne_, labour,
industry; from _id_, work.

~Ithandly~, ~Ythanly~, ~Ithinglie~, _adv._

1. Busily, diligently; S. _eidentlie_.

  _Doug._

2. Without interruption.

  _Barbour._


YTHRANGIN, _pret. v._ Thrust upwards.

V. ~Thring~, _v. a._


JUCAT, _s._ A measure.

V. ~Joucate~.


JUFFLER, _s._ Shuffler.

  _Dunbar._


JUGGS, JOUGS, JOGGES, _s. pl._ A kind of pillory; the criminal being
fastened to a wall or post, by an iron collar which surrounds his neck,
S.

    Lat. _jug-um_, a yoke.

  _Stat. Acc._


IVIGAR, _s._ The Sea Urchin.

  _Sibb._


JUM, _adj._ Reserved, not affable, S.


JUNCTLY, JUNTLY, _adv._ Compactly.

  _Wallace._


JUNDIE, _s._ A push.

V. ~Joundie~.


_To_ JUNE, _v. a._ To join.

  _Bellenden._


JUNT, _s._ A large piece of any thing, S., perhaps q. a _joint_.

  _Ramsay._


JUPE, _s._

1. A kind of short mantle for a woman, S.

2. A wide or great coat, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._

3. A bed-gown, Clydes.

4. _Jupes_, pl. a piece of flannel, used instead of stays, Ang.

    Fr. _jupe_, a long coat.


JUPPERTY, JEPERTY, _s._

1. A warlike enterprise.

  _Barbour._

2. A battle, or conflict.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _jeu parti_, any thing uncertain.


JUPSIE, _adj._ Big-headed, dull, and of a slothful appearance, Orkn.


JUSTICOAT, _s._ A waistcoat with sleeves, S. B.

    Fr. _just-au-corps_, a close coat.


_To_ JUSTIFIE, _v. a._ To punish with death.

  _Complaynt S._

    L. B. _justificare_, meritis poenis afficere.

~Justifying~, _s._ Subjection to capital punishment.

  _Pitscottie._


JUSTRY, _s._

1. Justice.

  _Wallace._

2. The justice eyre.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ JUTE, _v. a._ To tipple, S.

    Su. G. _giut-a_, A. S. _geot-an_, fundere.

~Jute~, ~Joot~, _s._ Sour or dead liquor, S.

    Belg. _jucht_, slight beer.

  _Ramsay._

~Juttie~, _s._ A tippler, Ang.

_To_ ~Juttle~, _v. n._ To tipple, S.


JUTE, _s._ A term of reproach applied to a woman, a jade, Clydes.


JUXTER, _s._ A juggler; q. _joukster_.

V. ~Jouk~, _v._



K


KA, _s._

V. ~Kay~.


KABBELOW, _s._ Cod-fish salted and hung for a few days, Ang.

    Belg. _kabbeliauw_, cod fish.


KAY, KA, KAE, _s._ A jack-daw, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _kae_, A. S. _ceo_, Alem. _ka_, id.  _Ka-wattie_,
_kay-wattie_, S. B. id.  Teut. _kauwett-en_, to chatter like a jack-daw.

~Kay-witted~, _adj._ Hare-brained, S.; q. giddy as a jack-daw.


KAIL, KALE, _s._

1. The generic name for colewort, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Isl. Dan. _kaal_, id.

2. Broth made of greens, especially of coleworts, S.

  _Godly Sangs._

~Kail-brose~, s. A sort of pottage made of meal and the scum of broth,
S.

V. ~Brose~.

~Kail-stock~, _s._ A plant of colewort, S.

  _Colvil._

    Sw. _kaalstok_, the stem or stalk of cabbage.

~Kail-gully~, _s._ A large knife for cutting and shearing down
coleworts, S.

  _Popular Ball._

~Kail-runt~.

V. ~Runt~.

~Kail-wife~, _s._ A green-woman, S.

  _Cleland._

~Kail-yard~, _s._ A kitchen-garden, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Sw. _kaalgard_, a garden of herbs.


To KAIM, KAME, KEME, _v. a._ To comb, S.

_To Kame against the hair_, to oppose, S.

  _Ross._

~Kaim~, _s._ A comb, S.

  _Minstr. Bord._

    _Su_. G.  Dan.  Belg. _kam_, A. S. _camb_, id.

~Kamtster~, _s._ A woolcomber.

V. ~Keme~.


KAIM, _s._

1. A low ridge, Lanerks.

2. A camp or fortress, South of S.

  _Minstr. Bord._

    Gael. _cam_, expl. a crooked bill; or rather Mod. Sax. _kam_, the
summit of a mound.


KAYME, KAME, _s._ A honeycomb.

  _Barbour._


KAIN, KAIN-FOWLS.

V. ~Cane~.


KAIR, _s._ A mire, a puddle, Fife.

    Isl. _ker_, palus; Sw. _kiaerr_, paludes.


KAIRD, _s._ A gipsey.

V. ~Caird~.


KAIRS, _s. pl._ Rocks through which there is an opening, S.

    A. S. _carr_, a rock.


KAISART, _s._ A cheese-vat; also called _chizzard_, S. B.

    Teut. _kaese-horde_, id.


KAY-WATTIE, _s._ A jack-daw.

V. ~Kay~.


KAY-WITTED, _adj._ Brainish, hot-headed, hair-brained, S.

V. ~Kay~.


KANNIE, _adj._ Prudent, &c.

V. ~Canny~.


KAR, _adj._ Left-handed.

V. ~Ker~.


KARRELYNG.

V. ~Caralyngis~ and ~Carolewyn~.


KARRIEWHITCHIT, _s._ A fondling term for a child, Ang.


KATABELLA, _s._ The Hen harrier, Orkn.

  _Barry._


KATHERANES, KETHARINES.

V. ~Cateranes~.


KATOGLE, _s._ The Eagle-owl, Orkn.

    Sw. _katugl_, id.

  _Barry._


KATOURIS, _s. pl._ Caters.

  _Houlate._


KAVEL, KEVEL, CAVEL, _s._ A mean fellow.

  _Dunbar._


KEADY, _adj._ Wanton.

V. ~Caige~, _v._


KEAVIE, _s._ A species of crab.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ KEB, _v. n._ To cast a lamb immaturely, Bord.

~Keb~, _s._ A ewe that has brought forth immaturely, or been prevented
accidentally from rearing.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ KEBBIE, _v. a._ To chide, Ang.

    Su. G. _kifw-a_, id. Su. G. _kif_, a quarrel.

_To_ ~Kebbie-lebbie~, _v. n._ To carry on altercation, Ang.


KEBBRE, _s._ A rafter.

V. ~Cabor~.


KEBBUCK, KEBUCK, CABBACK, _s._ A cheese of a larger size, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Gael. _cabag_, a cheese.


KEBRACH, _s._ Very lean meat, Loth.

V. ~Cabroch~.


KECKLING-PINS, _s. pl._ Wires for knitting stockings. Aberd.


KED, _s._ The sheep-louse, Tweed.

V. ~Kid~.


KEDGIE, _adj._ Cheerful, &c.

V. ~Caigie~.


KEEK, _s._ Linen dress for the head and neck, Ang.

  _Ross._


_To_ KEEK, KEIK, _v. n._

1. To look with a prying eye, S.

  _Dunbar._

2. To look by stealth, S.

  _Peblis Play._

    Su. G. _kik-a_, Belg. _kyk-en_, intentis oculis videre.

_To_ ~Keek through~, _v. a._

1. To prospiciate, S.

2. To examine with accuracy.

  _Burns._

~Keek~, ~Keik~, _s._ A peep, S.

  _Burns._

~Keekers~, _s. pl._ A cant term for eyes, S.

~Keek-bo~, _s._ Bo-peep, S.

    Belg. _kiekebo_, id.

~Keeking-glass~, _s._ A looking-glass, S.

  _Ritson._

~Starn-keeker~, _s._ A star-gazer.

    Su. G. _stiernkikare_, id.


KEEL, KEIL, _s._ Ruddle, S.

  _Douglas._

    Gael. _cil_, ruddle; Fr. _chaille_, a rocky earth.

_To_ ~Keel~, ~Keil~, _v. a._ To mark with ruddle, S.

  _Kennedy._


KEELICK, _s._

1. Anger, vexation, Ang.

    Isl. _keli_, dolor.

2. A stroke, Ang., also _keelup_.


KEELING, KELING, KEILING, KILLING, KILLIN, _s._ Cod of a large size, S.

  _Sibbald._

    Isl. _keila_, Sw. _kolja_, a haddock.


KEELIVINE, KEELIVINE-PEN, _s._ A black-lead pencil, S. Perhaps q.
_guille de vigne_, a quill made from the vine.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


KEEPSAKE, _s._ A token of regard, S.


KEEST, _pret._ Puked, S. B.


KEETHING SIGHT, the view of the motion of a salmond, by marks in the
water, S. B.

  _Law Case._

    This is the same with ~Kythe~, q. v.


_To_ KEIR, _v. a._ To drive, S. B.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Isl. _keir-a_, S. G. _koer-a_, to drive.


KEIR, _s._ In some parts of S., an ancient fortification.

    C. B. _caer_, a fort.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ KEYRTH, _v. a._ To scratch.

    Su. G. _kratt-a_, id.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ KEYTCH, _v. a._ To toss, S.

V. ~Cache~.

  _Ramsay._

~Keytch~, ~Kytch~, _s._ A toss, S.

  _Kelly._


KEITH, _s._ A sort of dam, Perths.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Germ. _kette_, Su. G. _ked_, a chain.


_To_ KEKKIL, KEKIL, _v. n._

1. To cackle, S.

  _Complaynt S._

2. To laugh aloud, S.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _kackel-en_, Su. G. _kakl-a_, id.


KELCHYN, KELTEN, _s._ A mulct paid by one guilty of manslaughter,
generally to the kindred of the person killed.

  _Reg. Maj._

    Gael. _gial_ and _cinnea_, expl. "paid to one's kinsmen;" or A. S.
_geld_, compensatio, and _cynn_, cognatio.


_To_ KELE, _v. a._ To kill.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _cwell-an_, id.


KELL, _s._

1. A dress for a woman's head.

  _Douglas._

2. The hinder part of a woman's cap, the _caul_, S.

    Belg. _kovel_, a coif.


KELLACH, KELLACHY, _s._ A small cart of wicker, fixed to a square frame
and tumbling shafts, Ang.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. Su. G. _kaelke_, a dray or sledge.


KELPIE, WATER-KELPIE, _s._

1. The spirit of the waters, who, as is vulgarly believed, gives
previous intimation of the destruction of those who perish within his
jurisdiction, by preternatural lights and noises, and even assists in
drowning them, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

    Alem. _chalp_, Germ. _kalb_, a calf?

2. A raw-boned youth.

  _Gl. Shirr._


KELT, _s._ Cloth with the nap, generally of native black wool, S. used
both as a _s._ and _adj._

  _Gl. Shirr._

  _Leg. St Androis._

    Isl. _kult_, tapestry, or any raised work.


KELT, _s._ A salmon that has been spawning, a foul fish, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Belg. _kuytvisch_ id. _kuyt_, Teut. _kiete_, spawn.


_To_ KELTER, _v. n._ To move in an undulating manner, S.

    Germ. _kelter_, vivarium.


KELTER, _s._ Money, Dumfr.

    Germ. _gelt_, id.


KELTIE, _s._ A large glass or bumper, imposed under the notion of
punishment on those who, as it is expressed, do not _drink fair_, S.
_Keltie's mends_, id.

  _Statist. Acc._


KELTIES, _s. pl._ Children, Ang.

    Su. G. _kullt_, a boy.


KEMBIT, _s._ The pith of hemp, Ayrs.

    Gael. _cainab_, hemp.


To KEME, _v. a._ To comb.

V. ~Kaim~.


KEMESTER, _s._ A wool-comber, S.

  _Burrow Lawes._


_To_ KEMP, _v. n._ To strive, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _camp-ian_, Su. G. _kaemp-a_, certare.

~Kemp~, _s._

1. A champion.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _cempa_, miles; Su.G. _kaempe_, athleta.

2. Sometimes it includes the idea of strength and uncommon size.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

3. The champion of a party in controversy.

  _Winyet._

    Dan. _kempe_, a giant; Isl. miles robustus.

~Kemp~, _s._ The act of striving for superiority, S.

  _J. Nicol._

~Kemper~, _s._

1. One who strives; now generally applied to reapers striving on the
harvest-field, S.

2. One who is supposed to excel in any respect, S.

  _Ross._

Isl. _kaemper_, is the pl. of _kaempe_.

~Kempin~, _s._ The act of striving on the harvest-field, S.

  _A. Douglas._


_To_ KEMPEL, _v.a._ To cut into separate parts, S. B.

    Su. G. _kappa_, L. B. _kapul-are_, to amputate.


KEMPLE, _s._ Forty wisps or bottles of straw or hay, S.

  _Courant._


_To_ KEN, _v. a._

1. To know, S.

    O. E.

2. To make known.

  _Wyntown._

3. To direct, in relation to a course.

  _Douglas._

4. To direct, as to the means, S. B.

    Isl. _kenn-a_, docere, instituere.

  _Barbour._

5. To be able.

  _Wyntown._

6. _To ken a_ widow _to her terce_, to set apart her proportion of the
lands which belonged to her deceased husband; a forensic phrase, S.

  _Fountainhall._

    Su. G. _kaenn-a_, cognoscere, sensu forensi.

_To_ ~Ken~, _v. n._ To be acquainted.

  _Wallace._

~Kennin~, _s._

1. Acquaintance, S. B.

2. A taste or smack of any thing, S.

3. A small portion, S.

  _J. Nicol._

4. A slight degree, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _kaenn-a_, to discover by the senses.

~Kenspeckle~, _adj._ Having so singular an appearance, as to be easily
recognised, S.

  _J. Nicol._

    From _ken_, and A. S. _specce_, a mark.


KENE, KEYNE, _adj._

1. Daring.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. Cruel.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _cene_, Su. G. _koen_, audax.


KENERED, _pret._ Stirred.

  _Sir Gawan._

    From C. B. _cynhyrv-u_, to move, to stir.


KENT, _s._ A long staff used by shepherds for leaping over ditches or
brooks, S.

  _Ross._


_To_ KEP, KEPP, KEIP, _v. a._

1. To intercept, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To receive in the act of falling, S.

  _Bellenden._

3. To meet in a hostile way.

  _Barbour._

4. To meet in an amicable way, S. B.

  _Gawan and Gol._

5. To meet accidentally, S.

    A. S. _cep-an_, Teut. _kepp-en_, captare.

~Kepar~, _s._ One who catches at a thing.

  _Dunbar._


KEPE, _s._ Care, heed. _To tak kepe_, to take care.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _cep-an_, curare, advertere.


KER, KAR, _adj._ Left, S.

  _Skene._

    Gael. _caerr_, id.


KER, _s._ The soft kernel of suet, Ang.


KERB, KIRB STONES, The large stones on the borders of a causeway; or
_curb-stones_, because serving as a fence to the rest, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


KERS, KERSS, _s._

V. ~Carse~.


KERSSES, _s. pl._ Cresses, S.

    A. S. _caerse_, Belg. _kerss_, id.


KEST, KEIST, _pret. v._

1. Threw.

  _Complaynt S._

2. Threw off in the chase.

  _Douglas._

3. Contrived, formed a plan.

  _Wallace._


KEST, _part. pa._ Cased.

  _Houlate._


KET, KETT, _s._ The flesh of animals that have died of disease or from
accident, Loth. Bord.

    Su. G. _koett_, Isl. _kaet_, caro?

_To_ ~Ket~. _v. a._ To corrupt.

  _Henrysone._


KET, KETT, _s._ A matted fleece, S.

  _Burns._

    C. B. _caeth_, bound; Ir. _caitin_, shag.

~Kett~, _s._ The weed called quick-grass. S. A.

~Ketty~, _adj._ Matted, S. A.


KETCHE-PILLARIS, _s. pl._ Players at ball.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _kaetse-spel_, ludus pilae.


KETHAT, _s._ A robe or cassock.

  _Dunbar._


KETRAIL, KYTRAL, _s._ A term expressive of the greatest contempt and
abhorrence.

V. ~Kytral~.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Teut. _ketter_, haereticus.


KETTRIN, _s. pl._

V. ~Cateranes~.


_To_ KEVE, _v. a._ To toss.

V. ~Cave~.


KEVEL.

V. ~Kavel~.


_To_ KEVEL, _v. n._ To wrangle, S. A.

  _J. Nicol._

    Alem. _kyffel-n_, Su. G. _kifw-a_, _kaeb-la_, id.


KEWIS, _s. pl._ Line of conduct.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _queue_, conclusion of a business.


KY, _s. pl._ Cows, S.

    O. Fris. _kij_.

  _Douglas._


_To_ KIAUVE, _v. a._ To work, to knead, Moray.

  _Popular Ball._

    Isl. _kef-ia_, supprimere.


KIBBLE, KYBILL, _adj._ Strong and active, S. B.

  _Wyntown._


KICK, _s._ A novelty. S.

    Isl. _kaek-r_, gestus indecorus.

~Kicky~, _adj._

1. Showy, gaudy, S.

  _Shirrefs._

2. Aiming at what is above one's station, S.


_To_ KID, _v. n._ To toy, Fife.

    Su G. _kaet-jas_, lascivire.


KID, KAID, _s._ The tick or sheep-louse.

  _Polwart._


KYDD, _part. pa._ Manifested; from _kythe_.

  _Sir Gawan._


KIDDY, _adj._ Wanton, Ang.

V. ~Caigie~.


KIDE, _s._ Perh. q. _Kith_, q. v.

  _Sir Gawan._


KIGH, _s._ A slight tickling cough, S.

    Germ. _keich-en_, tussire.


KIGHENHEARTED, KICKENHEARTED, _adj._ Fainthearted, S.

    Isl. Sw. _kikn-a_, spiritum amittere.


_To_ KIGHER, KICKER, _v. n._ To titter, S.

    Germ. _kicker-n_, id.


KIL, A term entering into the formation of many names of places in S.

  _Stat. Acc._

    From Gael. _cill_, a cell, as denoting that this was once the abode
of a religious.


KYLE, _s._ A sound, a strait, S.

  _Martin._

    Gael. _caolas_, id. Isl. _kyll_, gurges.


KILE, KYLE, _s._ A chance.

  _Ross._

Corr. from _Cavil_, q. v.


KILL, _s._ A kiln, S. _To fire the kill_, to raise a combustion.

  _Wodrow._

~Kill-spendin~, _s._ An old term for the fire of a kiln, Ang. from the
great _expenditure_ of fuel.

_To_ ~Kill~, _v. a._ To kiln dry, S.

  _Fountainhall._


KILLING, _s._ Cod.

V. ~Keeling~.


KILLOGIE, _s._

V. ~Logie~.


KILLYLEEPY, _s._ The common sandpiper, Loth.


KILT, KELT, _s._ A loose dress, extending from the belly to the knee, in
the form of a petticoat, S.

  _Boswell._

    Su. G. _kilt_, _kiolt_, Isl. _kellta_, sinus vestis anterior.

_To_ ~Kilt~, ~kilt up~, _v. a._

1. To tuck up, S.

  _Douglas._

    Dan. _kilt-er op_, Su. G. _upkilt-a_, id.

2. To lift up any thing quickly, Ang.

  _Cleland._

~Kilting~, _s._ The lap of a woman's petticoat that is tucked up, S.

  _Kelly._


KILT-RACK, _s._ That which lifts up the rack of a mill, Ang.

V. ~Kilt~, _v._


KILTER, _s._ Entertainment.

  _Ramsay._

    The same with E. _kelter_, preparation.


KIN, _s._ Kind, S. as _alkin_, all kind of.

  _Palice Hon._

    A. S. _cinne_, Isl. _kin_, id.

~Kinbot~, _s._ The mulct to be paid to survivors for the sudden
slaughter of a relative.

  _Fordun._

    A. S. _cin_, kindred, and _bot_, compensation.


KYND, _s._ Nature.

  _Wyntown._

~Kynd~, ~Kyndly~, _adj._

1. Natural, kindred.

  _Wyntown._

2. Native.

  _Douglas._


KINGERVIE, _s._ A species of wrasse.

  _Sibbald._


KING'S-HOOD, _s._ The second of the four stomachs in ruminating animals,
S.

  _Burns._


KING'S-WEATHER, _s._ The exhalations arising from the earth in a warm
day, Loth.


_To_ KINK, _v. n._

1. To labour for breath, in a severe fit of coughing, S.

    Teut. _kink-en_, difficulter spirare.

2. To laugh immoderately, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._

3. To puke, Galloway.

  _Davidson._

~Kink~, _s._

1. A violent fit of coughing, attended with suspension of breathing, S.

  _Morison._

2. A convulsive fit of laughter, S.

    A. S. _cincung_, cachinnatio.

~Kinkhost~, _s._ The hooping-cough, S.

  _Montgomerie._

    Belg. _kink-hoest_, Su. G. _kikhosta_, id.


KINKEN, _s._ A small barrel, a cag, S. B.

  _Spalding._


KINNEN, _s._ A rabbit, S.

V. ~Cuning~.


KINRENT, KYNRENT, _s._ Kindred.

    A. S. _cynrene_, _cynryn_, id.

  _Wallace._


KYNRIK, _s._

1. Kingdom.

  _Wallace._

2. Possession of a kingdom.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    A. S. _cynric_, regnum.


KINSCH, _s._ Apparently, kindred.

  _Montgomerie._


KINSCH, KINCH, _s._

1. The twist or doubling given to a cord or rope, S.

2. A cross rope capped about one stretched longitudinally, and
tightening it, S.

  _Gl. Moray._

3. An advantage unexpectedly obtained.

  _Ibid._

    Isl. _kinka_, artuum nodus; Belg. _kink_, a bend.

_To_ ~Kinsch~, _v. a._ To twist and fasten a rope, as above described,
S.


KIOW-OWS, _s. pl._

1. Silly tattles, trifling discourse, S. B.

2. Things of a trivial nature, S. B.

    Corr. perhaps from E. _gewgaws_.

_To_ ~Kiow-ow~, _v. n._ To trifle either in discourse or conduct, S. B.


_To_ KIP, _v. a._ To take the property of another by fraud or violence,
Loth.

    Su. G. _kipp-a_, to seize violently.


_To_ KIP, _v. n._ To play the truant, Loth.


KIPPAGE, _s._ Disorder, confusion, S. Loth.


KIPPER, _s._

1. Salmon in the state of spawning, S. A. _reid fische_, synon.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

    Teut. _kipp-en_, excludere ova.

2. Salmon salted, hung and dried, S.

_To_ ~Kipper~, _v. a._ To cure fish by means of salt and pepper, and by
hanging them up, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


KIR, _adj._ Cheerful, Ayrs.

    Isl. _kirr_, tranquillus.


KIRK, _s._

1. The body of Christians adhering to one doctrine, S.

  _Scots Confess._

2. A house appropriated for public worship, S.

    A. S. _cyrce_, ecclesia.

  _Knox._

_To_ ~Kirk~, _v. a._ To carry to church; as to _kirk a bride_, &c. S.

  _Wallace._

~Kirk the gussie~, a play in which a large ball, called the _gussie_, is
beat with clubs into a hole, one party opposing another. When the ball
is lodged, the _gussie_ is said to be _kirkit_, Ang.

~Kirkine~, _adj._ Belonging to the church.

  _Houlate._

~Kirk-maister~, _s._ A deacon in the church.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Teut. _kerk-maester_, aedituus.

~Kirkman~, _s._ A churchman.

  _Knox._

~Kirk-town~, _s._ A village or hamlet in which the parish-church is
erected, S.


_To_ KIRN, _v. a._

1. To churn, S.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _cern-an_, id.; Teut. _kern-en_.

2. To throw any thing into a disorderly state, S.

~Kirn~, _s._

1. A churn, S.

  _Kelly._

    Teut. _kerne_, id.

2. Metaph. applied to a mire, S.

~Kirnen~, _s._ Familiarity, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

~Kirn-milk~, _s._ Buttermilk, S.

    Teut. _kern-melck_, id.

  _Complaynt._

~Kirn-staff~, _s._ The instrument employed for agitating the cream in
churning. S.

  _Ferguson._


KIRN, _s._

1. The feast of harvest-home, S.

  _Burns._

2. The last handful of grain cut down on the harvest-field S.


KIRNEL, KYRNEILL, _s._ An interstice in a battlement.

  _Barbour._

    L. B. _kernellae_, id.; Fr. _crenelé_, embattled.


KISH, _s._ A shining powdery matter, which separates from pig-iron long
kept in a melted state.


KISSING-STRINGS, _s. pl._ Strings tied under the chin, S.

  _Ross._


KIST, KYST, _s._

1. A chest. S.

  _Wallace._

2. A coffin, S., sometimes _dead-kist_.

  _Spalding._

    A. S. _cest_, Germ. _kist_, Su. G. _kist-a_, Lat. _cist-a_, a chest,
in general.  A. S. _cyste_, a coffin, Belg. _doodkist_, id.

_To_ ~Kist~, _v. a._ To inclose in a coffin, S.

  _Spalding._

~Kisting~, _s._ The act of putting a corpse into a coffin, with the
entertainment given on this melancholy occasion, S.


KIT, _s._ _A' the kit_, or _the haill kit_, all taken together, S.

  _R. Galloway._

    Su. G. _kyt-a_, to exchange, q. _the haill coup_, the whole barter.


KITCHEN, KITCHING, _s._

1. Solids, as opposed to liquids.

  _Balfour._

2. Any thing eaten with bread, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

3. An allowance instead of milk, butter, small beer, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _kiot_, Su. G. _koett_, flesh; or Dan. _kiokken_, dressed food.

_To_ ~Kitchen~, _v. a._ To serve as _kitchen_, S.

  _Burns._


KITCHEN, _s._ A tea-urn, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


KITCHEN-FEE, _s._ The drippings of meat roasted before the fire, S.


KYTE, _s._

1. The belly, S.

  _Lyndsay._

2. The stomach, S.

  _Kelly._

    Isl. _kwid-r_, Moes. G. _quid_, venter; Isl. _quidar fylli_, S.
_fow kyte_.

~Kyte-fow~, _s._ A belly-full, S.


KITH, _s._

1. Acquaintances or relations, S. _Kith or kin_.

  _Burns._

2. Shew, appearance.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    A. S. _cythe_, notitia.

_To_ ~Kythe~, ~Kyith~, _v. a._

1. To shew, S.

  _K. Quair._

2. To practise.

  _Sir Tristrem._

3. To cause, to produce.

  _Id._

    A. S. _cyth-an_, ostendere.

_To_ ~Kythe, Kyith~, _v. n._ To be manifest, S.

  _Maitland P._


KYTRAL, _s._ A contemptuous designation.

V. ~Ketrail~.

  _Montgomerie._


KITTIE, KITTOCK, _s._

1. A loose woman, S. B. _cuttie_, S. A.

  _Dunbar._

2. A term of disrespect for a female, though not necessarily implying
lightness of carriage, S.

V. ~Caigie~.

Su. G. _kaett_, wanton.

  _Chr. Kirk._


KYTTIT, _part. pa._ Daubed with a viscous substance.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Dan. _kitt-er_, Sw. _kitta_, to cement.


KITTIWAKE, _s._ The tarrock, S.

  _Sibbald._


KITTY-WREN, _s._ The wren, S.


_To_ KITTLE, _v. a._

1. To litter.

  _Minstr. Bord._

2. To bring forth kittens, S.

    Su. G. _kitsla_, id. from _katt_, a cat; or Isl. _kad_, foetus
recens.

~Kittling~, _s._ A kitten, S.


_To_ KITTLE, KITILL, _v. a._

1. To tickle, S.

    A. S. _citel-an_, Belg. _kittel-en_, Isl. _kitl-a_, id. Perh. the
root is Isl. _kid-a_, molliter fricare.

2. To excite a pleasant sensation in the mind.

  _Douglas._

3. To enliven, to excite, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. To puzzle, to perplex, S.

~Kittle~, _adj._

1. Easily tickled, S.

    Teut. _keteligh_, id.

2. Attended with difficulty, in a literal sense; as, _a kittle gait_, a
road that one is apt to lose, or in which one is in danger of falling,
S.

3. Not easily managed; as, _a kittle horse_, S.

    Teut. _ketelig peerd_, id.

  _Mellvill's MS._

4. Not easily articulated; as _kittle words_. S.

  _Hogg._

5. Variable, applied to the weather, S.

6. Nice, intricate, in a moral sense; as, _a kittle question_.

  _Wodrow._

7. Squeamish, applied to the conscience, S.

  _Spotswood._

8. Vexatious, implying the idea of danger, S.

  _Beattie._

9. Likely, apt.

  _Burns._

~Kittlie~, _adj._ Itchy, S. B.

~Kittle-the-cout~, ~Kittlie-cout~, a game among young people, in which a
handkerchief being hid, one is employed to seek it, S.; q. puzzle the
colt.


KIVE, _s._ "Mashing-fat."

  _Kelly._


KLIPPERT, _s._ A shorn sheep, S.

  _Journ. Lond._


KNAB, _s._

1. One who possesses a small independence; _a little laird_, S.

  _Forbes._

2. A leader or general.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Germ. _knab_, puer nobilis; Isl. _knap-ar_. vulgus nobilium.

~Knabby~, ~Knabbish~, _adj._ Possessing independence in a middling line,
S.


_To_ KNACK, KNAK, _v. a._ To taunt.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _knack-a_, to tap, to pat, q. to strike smartly; or Isl.
_nagg-a_, litigare.

~Knack~, ~Knak~, _s._ pron. _nack_.

1. A gibe, a sharp repartee, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A trick, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Knacky~, _adj._

1. Quick at repartee, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Acute, but at the same time facetious, S.

  _Ruddiman._

3. Applied to what is entertaining; as, _a nacky story_, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Knackety~, _adj._ Self-conceited, S.


KNAG, _s._ A knob on which any thing is hung, S.

  _Popular Ball._

    Su. G. _knoge_, condylus.

~Knaggie~, _adj._

1. Having protuberances.

  _Burns._

2. Tart and ill-humoured, _knaggit_, Fife.

  _Cleland._


KNAGGIE, _s._ A small cask, Aberd.

  _Gl. Shirr._


KNAGGIM, _s._ A disagreeable taste, S.

  _Journal Lond._


KNAIVATICK, _adj._ Mean, from _knave_.

  _Evergreen._


_To_ KNAP, KNOP, _v. n._

1. To speak after the English manner, S.

  _Watson._

_To knap suddrone_, _v. a._ To speak like those who live _South_ from S.

  _Hamilton._

2. To clip words by a false pronunciation.

E. _knap_, to break short.

  _Colvil._


KNAP, _s._ A slight stroke, S.

  _Ramsay._


KNAPE, _s._

1. A servant.

  _Douglas._

2. As equivalent to _valet_.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _cnapa_, Teut. _knape_, puer, servus.

~Knappare~, _s._ A boor.

  _Douglas._


KNAPPARTS, _s. pl._ Heath pease, S. B.

    Teut. _knappen_, mandere, and _worte_, radix.


KNAPPEL, _s._ Oak for staves, brought from Memel, Dantzick, &c, S.

  _Acts Cha. II._

    Isl. _knapp-r_, rigidus, q. hard wood.


KNAPPISH, _adj._ Tart, snappish.

    Teut. _knapp-en_, to bite.

  _Z. Boyd._


KNAPSCHA, KNAPISHAY, KNAPSKALL, _s._ A headpiece.

  _Stat. Rob. I._

    Su. G. _knape_, a servant, and _skal_, a shell, a covering.


_To_ KNASH, _v. a._ To gnaw.

  _Watson._

    Isl. _knatsk-a_, arrodo.


_To_ KNAW, KNAWE, _v. a._ To know.

    A. S. _cnaw-an_, id.

  _Wyntown._


KNAW, KNAWE, KNAIE, _s._

1. A male child.

  _Wyntown._

2. A male under age.

  _Barbour._

3. A male servant.

  _Wyntown._

4. A man in an inferior rank.

V. ~Knape~.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

~Knawship~, ~Knaveship~, _of a mill_, the dues given by those who have
grain ground, for paying the servants in a mill, vulgarly _kneeship_, S.

  _Erskine._

    Teut. _knaep-schaep_, servitus.


KNECHT, KNYCHT, _s._

1. A common soldier.

  _Douglas._

2. A commander.

  _Douglas._

    Franc. _knecht_, A. S. _cneoht_, a boy, a servant.


_To_ KNEE, _v. a._

1. To press down with the knees, Ang.

2. To bend into an angular form, Ang.

3. The wind is said _to knee corn_, when it breaks it down so that it
strikes root by the stalk, Ang.

    Isl. _kny-a_, adigere; _hneig-ia_, flectere.


KNEEF, KNEIF, _adj._ Active, alert, S.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _knaef-r_, Dan. _knov_, robustus.

~Kniefly~, _adv._ With vivacity, S.

  _Ferguson._


KNEEF, _adj._ Arduous, Aberd.

    Su. G. _knapp_, difficult, strait.


KNEE-ILL, _s._ A disease of cattle, affecting their joints, S.


KNEESHIP.

V. ~Knawship~.


KNEEVICK, _adj._ Griping, Fife.

    Isl. _hnyf-a_, to grasp with the fist.


KNEWEL, KNOOL, _s._ A wooden pin in the end of a halter for holding by

_To hadd the knewel_, to hold the reins, Ang.

    Belg. _knevel_, a knot; _knevel-en_, to pinion.


KNIBLE, _adj._ Nimble, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Su. G. Teut. _knap_, alacer.


KNIBLOCH, KNUBLOCK, _s._

1. A small round stone or hardened clod, S.

  _Ross._

2. A knob of wood, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. The swelling occasioned by a blow or fall.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    Belg. _knobbel_, a knob, a knurl.

~Knibblockie~, _adj._ Rough, applied to a road in which many small
stones rise up, S. B.


KNYFF, _s._ A hanger or dagger.

  _Wallace._

    O. Teut. _knyf_, culter, gladius, Kilian.


KNYPSIT, _pret._ L. _knappit_.

  _Knox._


KNITCH. _s._ A bundle, S.

    Sw. _knyte_, id., _knyt-a_, to tie.

~Knitchell~, _s._ A small bundle.

  _Dunbar._


KNITTING, _s._ Tape, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


KNOCK, _s._ A clock, S.

  _Watson._


KNOCKIT BARLEY or BEAR, barley stripped of the husk, by being beaten in
a hollow stone with a maul, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ KNOIT, KNITE, NOYT, _v. a._

1. To strike with a sharp sound, S.

  _Chr. Kirk._

2. To amble or hobble in walking, S.

    Isl. _hniot-a_, _niot-a_, ferire.

~Knoit~, ~Noit~, _s._ A smart stroke, S.

  _A. Nicol._

2. The sound occasioned by a stroke or fall on any hard body, S.

  _Journ. Lond._


_To_ KNOIT, _v. a._ To gnaw; expressive of the manner in which infants
eat, Ang.

    Isl. _hnot-a_, to rub.


KNOIT, _s._ A large piece of any thing, S. B.

V. ~Knoost~.

    Isl. _knott-ur_, globus.


KNOOP, _s._

1. A protuberance, S.

2. A pin, on which any thing is hung, S.

3. _Knoop of a hill_, that part which towers above, or projects from the
rest, S.

    Isl. _gnup-r_, jugum montis.


KNOOST, KNUIST, _s._ A large lump, Loth.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _hnaus_, a lump of earth.


_To_ KNOP, _v. n._ To knap.

  _Burel._


_To_ KNOP, _v. n._ To put forth buds.

  _Montgomerie._

    Su. G. _knopp-u_, gemmas emittere.


KNORRY, _adj._ Knotty.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _knorre_, tuber.


KNOT, _s._ A pretty large piece of any thing round or square, S. B.


KNOT-GRASS, _s._ Tall oatgrass, S.


KNOUL TAES, toes having swellings on the joints.

  _Evergreen._

    Teut. _knovel_, nodus; Su. G. _knoel_, a bump.


_To_ KNOW, _v. a._ To press down with the fists, or knees.

  _Watson._

    Sw. _knog-a_, pugnis genibusque eniti.


KNOW, KNOWE, _s._ A little hill, S.

    Teut. _knolle_, a hillock.

  _Douglas._


KNUBLOCK, _s._ A knob.

V. ~Kniblock~.


_To_ KNUFF, KNUVE, _v. n._ To converse familiarly, S.

    Su. G. _knaefwe_, the fist; q. to be "hand and glove."


KNURL, _s._ A dwarf, S. O.

  _Burns._

    A metaph. use of E. _knurle_, a knot.

~Knurlin~, _s._ The same as knurl, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ KNUSE, NUSE, _v. a._

1. To press down with the knees, S. B.

2. To beat with the knuckles or fists, S. B.

3. To knead, S. B.

    Isl. _hnos-a_, _knos-a_, contundere, Belg. _knues-en_, to crush.


KOBBYD, _pret._ Perhaps, fretted.

    Belg. _kopp-ig_, stubborn.

  _Wyntown._


KOBIL, _s._ A small boat.

V. ~Coble~.


KOY, _adj._ Secluded from view.

  _Doug._

    Teut. _koye_, a cave, Isl. _kui_, id.


_To_ KOYT, _v. a._ To beat, to flog, S. B.

    Isl. _kyt-a_, contendere; _kytla_, ferire.


_To_ KOPPIE, _v. a._ To chide, to reprove, Mearns.

    Su. G. _kapp-as_, certare.


KOW, _s._ A goblin.

V. ~Cow~, 2.


KOW, _s._ Custom.

V. ~Kewis~.

  _Lyndsay._


KOWSCHOT, CUSHAT, _s._ The ringdove; _cushie-dow_, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _cusceote_, id.


KRANG, _s._ The body of a whale divested of the blubber.


KRINGLE, _s._ Bread brought from Norway.

    Sw. _kringla_, a kind of bread.


_To_ KRUYN, _v. n._ To murmur.

V. ~Croyn~.

  _Douglas._


_To_ KUTER, CUTER, _v. a._

1. To cocker, to nurse delicately, S.

2. To coax, to wheedle.

3. To converse clandestinely and intimately, S.

    Germ. _kutter-n_, Su. G. _quittr-a_, garrire.



L


_L_, in our language, as in Germ., often denotes diminution; as
_bagrel_, a child; _gangarel_, _gangrel_, a child beginning to walk, &c.


_To_ LA, _v. a._ To lay.

  _Douglas._


LAB, _s._ A lump, S.

    E. _lobe_, a division.


_To_ LAB, _v. a._ To beat, Loth.

    C. B. _llab-iaw_, id.

~Lab~, _s._ A stroke, a blow. Loth.

    C. B. _llab_, id.


_To_ LABOUR, _v. a._ To plough, to ear, S.

    O. Fr. _labour-er_, id.

~Labourin~, _s._ A farm.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


LACHTER, _s._ A lecher.

  _Philotus._

    Germ. _laich-en_, lascivire, scortari.


LACHTER, _s._ All the eggs laid by a fowl at one time, S. _Lochter_,
Perths.

  _Morison._

    Teut. _eyeren legghen_, ova ponere.


LACHTER, LAICHTER, _s._

1. A layer; as a _lachter of hay_, Ang. _lochter_, id. Perths. Tweedd.

    Teut. _logh-en_, componere foenum in metam.

2. A lock, a flake; a _lachter of woo_, a flake of wool, Ang.;
_lochter_, Perths.

    Isl. _lagdr_, cirrus.


LACHTERSTEAD, _s._ The ground occupied by a house, S. B.

    Su. G. _laegerstad_, a lodging-room.


_To_ LACK, _v. a._ To slight.

V. ~Lak~.


LAD, _n._

1. A young man-servant, S.

  _Lyndsay._

2. A sweetheart, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _leode_, juvenis. Isl. _lydde_, servus.

~Laddie~, _s._

1. A boy, S.

  _Minstr. Bord._

2. A fondling term, applied to a young man, S.

  _Ritson._


LADE, LAID, _s._ A load, S.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _hlad_, id.


LADE, LEAD, MILL-LADE, _s._ The canal which carries water to a mill, S.

  _Chalm. Air._

    A. S. _lade_, Teut. _leyde_, aquaeductus.


LADENIN TIME, the time of laying in winter provisions, S.

    Su. G. _lad-a_, to heap together.


LADE-STERNE, LEIDE-STERNE, _s._ The polestar, E.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _leyd-sterre_, Isl. _leidar-stiarna_, cynosura, polus.


LADNAIRE, LARDNER, _s._ A larder, S., _laidner_.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _lardier_, id., from _lard_, fat.


LADRY, _s._ The rabble.

  _Priests Peblis._

    A. S. _leod-wera_, incola, _leod-weras_, common people, Isl.
_lydur_, plebs.


LADRONE, LAYDRON, _s._ A lazy knave, a sloven; _laithron_, S.

V. ~Lidder~.

    Su. G. _lat_, lazy.

  _Lyndsay._


LAFE, LAIFF, LAVE, LAW, _s._ The remainder; _laive_, S.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _lafe_, Isl. _leif_, id. from the verbs signifying to _leave_.


LAGABAG, _s._ The hindmost, Fife; from E. _lag_, and _aback_.


LAGENE, LAGGEN, pron. _leiggen_, _s._

1. The projecting part of the staves at the bottom of a cask, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. The angle within, between the side and bottom of a cask, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _lagg_, id.

~Lagen-gird~, _s._ A hoop securing the bottom of a wooden vessel, S.

_To cast a lagen-gird_, to bear a spurious child, S.

  _Ramsay._


LAGGERY, _adj._ Miry, dirty, S. B.

~Laggerit~, _part. pa._

1. Bemired, S.

  _Doug._

2. Encumbered, from whatever cause, S. B.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Su. G. _lag_, Isl. _laug-ur_, water.


LAGMAN, _s._ The president in the supreme court formerly held in Orkney.

  _Barry._

    Su. G. _lagman_, judex provincialis.


LAGRAETMAN, _s._ One acting as an officer to a _lagman_.

  _Barry._

    Su. G. _lag_, law, and _raett_, right.


LAY, _s._ Law.

    O. Fr. _lai_.

  _Douglas._


LAY, _s._ Foundation.

  _Wodrow._

    Teut. _laeghe_, positus.


LAY, _s._ The slay of a loom, S.

  _Adam._

    Teut. _laede_, pecten; _leggh-en_, ponere.


_To_ LAY, _v. a._ To alloy.

  _Acts Ja. IV._


_To_ LAY ~on~, _v. a._ To strike, S.

  _R. Bruce._

    Su. G. _laegga pa en_, aliquem verberare.


_To_ LAYCH, _v. n._ To linger.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _lach-er_, to unbend.


LAICHLY, _adj._ Perh. for _laithly_.

  _Lyndsay._


LAID, _s._ The pollack.

V. ~Lythe~.


LAIDLY, _adj._

V. ~Laithlie~.


LAID-SADILL, _s._ A saddle used for laying burdens on.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


LAYER, _s._ The shear-water.

V. ~Lyre~.


LAIF, LAEF, _s._ A loaf, S.

  _Pop. Ball._

    Moes. G. _hlaifs_, A. S. _hlaef_, _laf_, id.


_To_ LAIG, _v. n._ To wade.

  _Gl. Sibb._


LAIGH, LAYCHE, _adj._

1. Low, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. Not tall, S.

    Su. G. _laag_, Teut. _laegh_, non altus.

~Laigh~, _s._ Flat, low part, S. B.

  _Stat. Acc._


LAYIS, _s._ Alloy.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

    Fr. _lier_, id.

~Layit~, _adj._ Base, applied to money.

  _Knox._


LAIK, LAKE, _s._ Fine linen cloth.

  _Sir Egeir._

    Belg. _lak_, cloth in general.


LAIK, _s._ Gift, pledge.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _lac_, munus.


LAIK, LAIKE, _s._

1. A stake at play, S.

    Isl. _leik_, Su. G. _lek_, id.

  _Montgomerie._

2. Used metaph. to denote the strife of battle.

  _Sir Gawan._

~Laykyng~, _s._ Justing.

  _Wyntown._


LAIK, _s._ Lack, S.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _laecke_, id. Su. G. _lack_, id.


LAYKE, _s._ Paint.

  _Philotus._

    Fr. _lacque_, sanguine colour.


LAIKIN, LAIKY, _adj._ Intermittent, applied to rain, S.

    Su. G. _lack-a_, deficere.


LAIKS, _s. pl._ Perh. _laits_, gestures.

  _Dunbar._


LAYME, _adj._ Earthen.

V. ~Lame~.


LAYNDAR, LAUENDER, _s._ A laundress.

    Fr. _lavendiere_, id.

  _Barbour._


_To_ LAYNE, _v. n._ To lie.

  _Gawan and Gol._


_To_ LAYNE, LEIN, _v. a._ To conceal.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

    Su. G. _hlaun-a_, Isl. _leyn-a_, id.


LAYNE, _n._ Lawn, fine linen.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


LAYNERE, _s._ A thong.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _laniere_, id.


LAING, _s._ A small ridge of land, Orkn.


_To_ LAIP, LAPE, _v. a._ To lap, S.

  _Dunbar._


LAIP, _s._ A plash, Loth.

V. ~Lappie~.


LAIR, LAYRE, LARE, _s._

1. A place for lying down, S.

  _Montgomerie._

2. The act of lying down.

  _Douglas._

3. A burying-place, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _laeger_, Germ. _lager_, Dan. _laijer_, a bed; also, a
sepulchre.

_To_ ~Lair~, _v. a._ To inter.

  _Ferguson._


LAIR, _s._ A stratum, S.

  _Ruddiman._


LAIR, LARE, _s._ A mire, S.

  _Ruddiman._

    Isl. _leir_, lutum, coenum.

_To_ ~Lair~, _v. n._ To stick in the mire, S.

  _Law Case._

_To_ ~Lair~, _v. a._ To mire, S.

  _Pitscottie._


LAIRBAR, LARBAR, _s._ One in a torpid state; _larbitar_, Ang.

  _Philotus._

~Larbar~, ~Larbour~, _adj._

1. Sluggish.

  _Dunbar._

2. Ghastly.

  _Evergreen._


LAIRD, LARDE, _n._

1. A person of superior rank, a lord.

  _Wyntown._

2. A leader, a captain.

  _Douglas._

3. A landholder, under the degree of a knight, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    A. S. _hlaford_, _lavord_, Isl. _lavard-ur_, Su. G. _Laward_,
dominus.

~Lairdship~, _s._ A landed estate, S.

  _Ramsay._


LAIRT, LEIR, _adv._

V. ~Lever~.


LAIT, LAYTE, LATE, LETE, _s._

1. Manner, gesture.

  _Chr. Kirk._

2. Mein, appearance of the countenance.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _lat_, _laete_, gestus; _laet_, me gero.

_To_ ~Lait~, _v. a._ To personate.

  _Fordun._

    Teut. _laet-en_, apparere, prae se ferre.


_To_ LAYT, _v. a._ To give heed to.

    A. S. _laet-an_, estimare.

  _Sir Tristrem._


LAITH, _adj._

1. Loathsome.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _leid-ur_, A. S. _lath_, hateful.

2. What one is reluctant to utter.

  _Id._

3. Unwilling, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _leith-r_, reluctant.

~Laithfow~, _adj._

1. Bashful, S.

  _Burns._

2. Shy of accepting an invitation to eat, or any favour, S.

~Laithles~, _adj._ Arrogant.

  _Gawan and Gol._

~Laithlie~, ~Laidly~, _adj._

1. Loathsome.

  _Douglas._

2. Base, vile.

  _Douglas._

3. Inelegant, S. B.

4. Applied to a lascivious person, Ang.


LAITTANDLY, _adv._

1. Latently.

  _Bannatyne P._


_To_ LAK, LACK, LACKIN, _v. a._

1. To reproach.

  _Maitland P._

2. To depreciate. S. B.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _lack-a_, Teut. _laeck-en_, vituperare.

~Lak~, _s._

1. Reproach.

  _Pal. Hon._

2. A taunt, a scoff.

  _Wallace._

~Lak~, _adj._ Bad, deficient; comp. _lakker_, worse; superl. _lakkest_.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _lakr_, deficiens.


LAK, _s._ Hollow place.

  _Houlate._

    Isl. _lag_, _laegd_, locus depressus.


LAKIE, _s._ Irregularity in the tides.

    Su. G. _lack-a_, deficere.

  _Sibbald._


_To_ LAMB, _v. a._ To yean, S.

  _Kelly._

    Sw. _lamb-a_, Germ. _lamm-en_, id.


LAMB'S-LETTUCE, _s._ Corn sallad, S.


LAMB'S-TONGUE, _s._ Corn mint, S.


LAME, _s._ Lameness.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _lam_, fractio.


LAME, LAYM, LEEM, _adj._ Earthen, S.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _laemen_, fictilis: _lam_, lutum.


LAMENRY, _s._ Concubinage.

V. ~Leman~.

  _Priests Peblis._


LAMITER, _s._ A cripple, S.


LAMMAS-TOWER, _s._ A kind of tower erected by the herds of a district,
against the time of Lammas, and defended by them against assailants,
Loth.

  _Trans. Ant. Soc._


LAMMER, LAMER, _s._ Amber, S.

    Teut. _lamertyn-steen_, amber.

  _Lynds._


LAMOO, _s. To gang down like lamoo_, to be easily swallowed, S.

    Fr. _le mout_, new or sweet wine; or from the wassail-bowl, in E.
called _lamb's wool_.


_To_ LAMP, LEMP, _v. a._ To beat, S. B.

    Teut. _lomp-en_, id. impingere.


_To_ LAMP, _v. n._ To take long steps, Loth.


_To_ LAMP, _v. n._ The ground is said to _lamp_, when covered with the
cobwebs which appear after dew or slight frost, S. B.


LAMPET, LEMPET, _s._ The limpet, S.

  _Chr. S. P._


LAMSONS, _n. pl._ Expences of the Scots establishment at Campvere.

  _Baillie._

    A. S. _land-socn_, transmigratio.


LAND, _s._ A clear level place in a wood.

    O. E. _Lawnd_, mod. _Lawn_.

  _Wyntown._


LAND, _s._ A hook in the form of the letter _S_, S. B.


LAND, _s._ The country; _on land_, _to land_, in the country.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    A. S.  Su. G. _land_, rus.

~Land~, _s._ A house consisting of different stories, generally as
including different tenements, S.

  _Arnot._

~Land~ _of the leal_, the state of the blessed.

  _Old Song._

_To_ ~Land~, _v. n._ To end; from the idea of terminating a voyage, S.

  _Callender._

~Landbirst~, ~Land-bryst~, _s._ Breakers.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _brestr_, Su. G. _brist_, fragor.

~Landimer~, _s._ A land-measurer.

  _Skene._

    A. S. _landimere_, properly a boundary of land.

~Landis-lorde~, ~Landslorde~, _s._ A landlord.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

~Land-louper~, _s._ One who frequently flits from one place or country
to another, S.

  _Polwart._

    Teut. _land-looper_, erro vagus.

~Land-man~, _s._ A proprietor of land.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Isl. _lender menn_, nobiles terrarum domini.

~Land-tripper~, _s._ The sand-piper, Galloway.

  _Stat. Acc._

~Landwart~, ~Landart~, _adj._

1. Belonging to the country; as opposed to boroughs.

  _Complaynt S._

2. Rustic, boorish, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _land_, rus, and _weard_, versus.


LANDERS. _Lady Landers_, the insect called the Lady-bird; as
appropriated to the Virgin Mary, in Popish times called _Our Lady_, S.


_To_ LANE, _v. a._ To lie.

V. ~Layne~.

  _Houlate._


LANE, _n._ A gift.

  _Henrysone._

    Su. G. _laan_, donum.


LANE, _adj._ Lone, alone.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ LANG, _v. n._ To belong, to become.

    Germ. _lang-en_, pertinere.

  _Douglas._


_To_ LANG, _v. n._ To long, S.

  _Ross._

    Germ. _lang-en_, A. S. _laeng-ian_, desiderare.

~Lang~, ~Lange~, _adj._ Long, S.

  _Wyntown._

_To think lang_, to become weary, S.

~Lang~, _adv._ For a long time, S.

  _Burns._

~Langare~, ~Langayr~, ~Langere~, _adv._ Long since.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _lang_, and _aere_, prius.  E. _ere-long_.

~Lang-craig~, _s._ An onion that grows all to the stalk S. q. _long
neck_.

~Lang-craig~, _s._ A purse, Aberd.

  _Shirrefs._

_To_ ~Langel~, _v. a._ To entangle.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

    Su. G. _lang-a_, to retard.

~Langell~, _s._

V. ~Langet~.

~Langis~, _prep._ Along.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _langs_, id.

~Langer~, ~Langoure~, _s._

1. Weariness, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Earnest desire of.

  _Rollocke._

~Langet~, ~Langell~, _s._ A rope by which the fore and hinder feet of a
horse or cow are fastened together, S.

  _Kelly._

    Q. _langelt_, entangled.

_To lowse a langet_, metaph. to make haste, to quicken one's pace, S.

~Langrin~, ~at langrin~, _adv._ At length, S.

  _Popular Ball._

~Langkail~, _s._ Coleworts not shorn, S.

  _Ritson._

~Langlins~, _prep._ Alongst, S. B.

  _Ross._

~Lang-nebbit~, _adj._ Having a long nose, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Lang pare eft~, long after.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _lang-faer_, of long duration.

~Langsyne~, _adv._ Long since.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _longe siththan_, diu exinde.

~Langsum~, _adj._ Slow, tedious, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _langsum_, id.

~Lang-tongu'd~, _adj._ Babbling, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ LANS, LANCE, _v. a._ To throw out.

    Fr. _lanc-er_, id.

  _Wallace._

_To_ ~Lans~, _v. n._

1. To spring forward.

  _Douglas._

2. Denoting the delicate and lively strokes of a musician on his violin.

  _Chr. Kirk._

~Lans~, ~Launce~, _s._ A spring.

  _Barbour._


LANSPREZED, A corporal; used as a term of contempt.

  _Polwart._

    Fr. _lance-pessade_, id.


_To_ LAP, _v. a._

1. To environ in a hostile way.

  _Wallace._

2. To embrace.

  _Douglas._

3. To fold; in relation to battle.

  _Doug._


LAP, _pret._ Leaped.

V. ~Loup~.


LAPPERED, _part. pa._ Coagulated, S.

  _Ritson._

    Isl. _hlaup_, coagulum, _hleipe_, coagulo.


LAPPIE, _s._ A plash, a pool, Ang. _Laip_, Loth.


LAPRON, _s._

1. A young rabbit.

    Fr. _lapreau_, id.

  _Acts Marie._

2. A levret, E. Loth.


LARD, _s._ A stupid inactive fellow.

    Belg. _laerd_, _luyaerd_, id.

  _Dunbar._


LARDUN, _s._ A piece of bacon.

  _Houlate._


LARE, _s._ Place of rest.

V. ~Lair~.


_To_ LARE, LERE, LEAR, _v. a._

1. To teach, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. To learn, S.

  _Kelly._

_Leard_, instructed, S.

~Lare~, ~Lear~, ~Lere~, _s._ Learning, S.

  _Doug._

    A. S. _laere_, Belg. _leer_, id.

~Lare-maister~, _s._ A teacher, S.

    Belg. _leer-mester_, id.


LAREIT, LAUREIT, _s._ A chapel dedicated to _our Lady of Loretto_.

  _Lyndsay._


LARG, LARGE, _adj._

1. Liberal.

    Fr. id. Lat. _larg-us_.

  _Barbour._

2. Abundant, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

~Larges~, ~Lerges~, _s._

1. Liberty.

  _Barbour._

2. Liberality.

  _Wyntown._

~Largly~, _adv._ Liberally.

  _Barbour._


LARICK, _s._ A lark.

V. ~Laverok~.

~Larick's lint~, _s._ Great golden maiden-hair, S.


LARIE, _s._ Laurel.

  _Colvil._

    O. Fr. _lauré_, laureus.


LASARE, LASERE, _s._ Leisure.

  _Doug._


LASCHE, _adj._

1. Relaxed, from weakness or fatigue, S. B.

  _Douglas._

2. Lazy.

  _Ruddiman._

3. Devoted to idleness.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _lasche_, Lat. _lax-us_; Germ. _lass_, tired, faint; Isl.
_loskr_, ignavus.

_To_ ~Lash~ _out_, _v. n._ To break out; in a moral sense.

  _Z. Boyd._

~Lashness~, _s._

1. Relaxation in consequence of great exertion.

  _Baillie._

2. Looseness of conduct.

  _R. Bruce._

~Lask~, _s._ A diarrhoea in cattle, S. B.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._


LASKAR, _s._ A large armful of hay or straw, Tweedd.

    Isl. _hlas_, a load, Su. G. _lass_, id.


LASS, _s._ A sweetheart, S.

  _R. Galloway._


LAST, _s._ A measure, Orkn.

  _Skene._

    Su. G. _laest_, mensura 12 tonnarum.


_To_ LAT, _v. a._

1. To suffer, to permit, S. B.

    Belg. _lat-en_, A. S. _laet-an_, id.

  _Barbour._

2. _To lat be_, to let alone, S.

  _Douglas._

3. _Lat be_, _let be_, much less.

  _Baillie._

    Isl. _lett-a_, Sw. _laet-a_, desinere.

_To_ ~Lat~, ~Latt~, _v. a._ To leave.

  _Wallace._

    Sw. _laat-a_, A. S. _laet-an_, id.


_To_ LAT, _v. a._ To hinder, E. _let_.

    A. S. _lat-an_, Su. G. _laet-ia_.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ LAT, LET, _v. a._ To esteem, to reckon.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _laet-an_, reputare, estimare.


_To_ LAT, _v. n._ To put to hire.

  _Reg. Maj._


LATCH, _s._

1. A mire.

  _Gl. Sibb._

2. The track of a cart-wheel, S. O.

~Latchy~, _adj._ Full of ruts, S. O.


_To_ LATE, LEET, _v. a._

1. To heat metal, so that it may be bent any way without breaking, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _lith-ian_, to soften, to attemper.

2. To cover with tin, S.

  _Ruddiman._

    Su. G. _laad-a_, _lod-a_, _loed-a_, to solder.


_To_ LATHE, _v. a._ To loath.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _lath-ian_, id.


LATHE, LATHELY, _adj._

V. ~Laith~.


LATIENCE, _s._ Leisure; S. B. _leeshins_.

  _Callender._


LATIOUSE, _adj._ Unrestrained.

  _S. P. Repr._


LATRON, _s._ A privy.

  _Spalding._

    Fr. _latrine_, id.


LATTER, _adj._ Inferior.

  _Bar. Courts._


LATTER-MEAT, _s._ Meat brought from the master's to the servants' table,
S.

  _Ramsay._


LATTYN, _s._ Impediment.

  _Wallace._


LATTOUN, _s._

1. A mixed kind of metal.

  _Douglas._

2. Electrum.

  _Ruddiman._

3. The colour of brass.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _laatun_, Belg. _latoen_, orichalcum.


LAUCH, LAWIN, LAWING, _pron._ _lauwin_, _s._ A tavern-bill.

  _Peblis Play._

    Teut. _ghe-lagh_, club, or shot.


LAUCH, LAUCHT, _s._

1. Law.

  _Fordun._

2. Privilege.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _lah_, _laga_, Isl. _laug_, id.

_To_ ~Lauch~, _v. a._ To possess legally.

  _Doug._

~Lauchfull~, _adj._ Lawful.

  _Wyntown._


LAUCHT, _part. pa._ Clothed.

  _Barbour._

~Lauchtane~, _adj._ Belonging to cloth.

V. ~Laik~, _s._ 1.

  _Barbour._


LAUCHTANE, _adj._ Pale, livid.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Perh. corr. from _lattoun_, q. v.


LAUDERY, _s._ Perh. revelling.

  _Dunbar._

    Belg. _lodderigh_, wanton.


LAVE, _s._ The remainder.

V. ~Lafe~.


LAVELLAN, _s._ A kind of weasel, Caith.

  _Pennant._


LAVER, _s. Fro laver to layre_.

  _Sir Gawan._


LAVEROK, LAUEROK, _s._ The lark, S. often q. _lerrik_, _larick_.

  _Complaynt S._

    A. S. _laferc_,   _Lawerc_, id.


LAUGHT, LAUCHT, _pret._ Took.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _laecc-an_, apprehendere; _laehte_, cepit.


LAVY, _s._ The foolish guillemot.

  _Martin._

    Isl. Norw. _lomvie_, _langivie_, id.


LAVYRD, _s._

1. Lord.

V. ~Laird~.

2. Applied to the Supreme Being.

  _Wyntown._


LAURERE, _s._ Laurel.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _laurier_, id.


LAUS, _s._ Perhaps, hair.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Dan. _lu_, _luv_, id.


LAW, _adj._ Low.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _lag_, Isl. _lag-r_, id.

~Law~, _s._ Low ground.

  _Barbour._

_To_ ~Law~, _v. a._ To bring down.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _leegh-en_, deprimere.

~Law~, ~Lawe~, _A Lawe_, _adv._ Downward.

  _King's Quair._

~Lawly~, _adj._ Lowly.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


_To_ LAW, _v. a._ To litigate, S.


LAW, _s._

1. A designation given to many hills or mounts, whether natural or
artificial, S.

    A. Bor.

  _Statist. Acc._

    A. S. _hlaewe_, _hlawe_, agger, acervus.

2. A tomb, grave, or mound.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Moes. G. _hlaiw_ signifies monumentum.


LAW, _s._ The remainder.

V. ~Lafe~.


LAW-BORROIS, LAW-BORROWS, _s. pl._ The legal security which one man is
obliged to give, that he will not do any injury to another in his person
or property, S.

  _Acts Ja. II._

_Law_ and _borgh_, or _borrow_, a pledge.


LAWCH, _adj._ Low, S. _laigh_.

  _Wallace._


LAWIN, _s._ A tavern reckoning.

V. ~Lauch~, _s._ 1.


LAW-FREE, _adj._ Not legally convicted.

  _Spalding._


LAWIT, LAWD, LAWYD, LEWIT, _adj._

1. Laic.

  _Wyntown._

2. Unlearned, ignorant.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _laewed_, _lewd_, id.


LAWLY, _adj._ Lowly.

V. ~Law~, _adj._


LAWRIGHTMEN.

V. ~Lagraetman~.


LAWTA, LAWTE, LAWTY, LAWTITH, _s._

1. Loyalty.

  _Wallace._

2. Truth, equity.

  _Wyntown._

    O. Fr. _leauté_, id.


LAWTH, Barbour; L.   _Lawch_, low.


LAWTING, _s._ The supreme court of judicature in Orkney and Shetland, in
ancient times.

V. ~Thing~.


LAX, _s._ Relief, release.

  _Pop. Ball._


LAX, _s._ A salmon,

_Aberd._

    A. S. _leax_, Dan. Su. G. O. E. _lax_, id.

~Lax-fisher~, _s._ A salmon-fisher, Aberd.

  _Law Case._


LE, LEE, _s._ The water of the sea in motion.

  _Douglas._

    O. Isl. _lae_, _laa_, mare; hodie, unda fluens.


LE, LIE, LEE, LYE, _s._

1. Shelter, security from tempest.

  _Douglas._

2. Metaph. peace, tranquillity.

  _Wynt._

    Su. G. lae, locus tempestati subductus; Isl. _hle_, _hlie_, id.

~Le~, ~Lie~, _adj._ Sheltered, warm.

  _Houlate._


LE, _s._ Law.

    O. Fr. _ley_.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ LE, _v. n._ To tell a falsehood.

  _Wynt._

~Le~, _s._ A lie.

  _Wyntown._


LEA, _adj._ Not plowed.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _leag_, pasture.


LEAGER-LADY, _s._ A soldier's wife, S.

    Dan. _leyger_, Teut. _lager_, a camp.


_To_ LEAM, _v. n._ To shine.

V. ~Leme~.


LEAP, _s._ A cataract.

V. ~Loup~.


LEAR, _s._ A liar, S. pron. _leear_.

  _Wyntown._


LEASH, _s._ Liberty, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _leis-a_, _leys-a_, solvere.

_To_ ~Leash away~, _v. n._ To go cleverly off, or on the way, S. B.

  _Ruddiman._


_To_ LEATHER, _v. a._ To lash, to flog, S.


_To_ LEATHER, _v. n._ To move briskly, S. A.

  _J. Nicol._


LEAUW, _s._ A place for drawing the nets on, composed partly of stones,
earth and gravel; Aberd.

  _Law Case._

    Teut. _loo_, locus altus adjacens stagnis, &c.  A. S. _hlaew_,
agger.


LEBBIE, _s._ The fore-skirt of a man's coat, S. B.  Loth.

    A. S. _laeppe_, id. Isl. _laf_, ala pallii.


_To_ LECHE, _v. a._ To cure.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _laek-a_, A. S. _lacn-ian_, id.

~Lech~, ~Leche~, ~Leiche~, _s._ A physician.

    Moes. G. _leik_, _lek_; A. S. _laec_, id.

  _Barb._

~Leching~, ~Leiching~, _s._ Cure.

  _Wallace._


LECK, _s._ Any stone that stands a strong fire, as greenstone, trapp.
&c. S.


LEDE, _s._ A person.

V. ~Leid~.


LEDISMAN, LODISMAN, s. A pilot.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ladman_, Teut. _leydsman_, Su. G. _ledesman_, id. from the
idea of _leading_.


LEE, _adj._ Lonely.

  _Popular Ball._


LEED, _pret._ Left. q. _leued_.

  _Sir Egeir._


LEEFOW, LIEFU', _adj._ Lonely, _Leefow lane_, quite alone, S.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _hliae_, umbra; _draga a hlie_, occultare, coelare, subducere
se; or _lae_, periculum, and _full_.


LEEFUL, LEEFOW-HEARTIT, _adj._ Compassionate, sympathizing, S. A.

  _Kelly._

    A. S. _hleo_, warmth; or Isl. _hlif-a_, tueri, parcere.


LEE-LANG, _adj._ Livelong, S.

  _Burns._


LEEN, _interj._ Cease.

  _Ramsay._

    Sw. _linn-a_, to cease.


LEENING, _adj._ L. _bening_, benign.

  _Palice Honour._


LEEPER-FAT, _adj._ Very fat, S. A.

    C. B. _lleipyr_, flabby; glib, smooth.


LEEPIT, _adj._ Meagre; loving the fire, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

    Isl. _lape_, fungus homo.


LEESING, _s._ Allaying.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _lis-a_, requiem dare.


LEESOME, _adj._ Pleasant.

V. ~Leifsum~.


LEET, _s._

1. One portion of many, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. A nomination of different persons, with a view to an election, S.

  _Baillie._

3. A list.

    A. S. _hlete_, a lot.

  _Ramsay._

_To_ ~Leet~, _v. a._ To nominate with a view to election, S.

  _Baillie._


LEET, _s._ Language.

V. ~Leid~.


LEETHFOW, _adj._ Loathsome, S. B.

V. ~Laith~.

  _Journal Lond._


LEEZE ME.

V. ~Leis me~.


LEFULL, LEIFULL, _adj._ Lawful.

  _Douglas._

_Leif_, leave, and _full_, q. allowable.


_To_ LEG, _v. n._ To run, S.

~Leg-bail~, _s. To take leg-bail_, to run off, instead of seeking bail,
and waiting the course of law, S.

  _Ferguson._


LEG-BANE, _s._ The shin. S.

  _Callander._


LEGATNAIT, _s._ One who enjoyed the rights of a Papal Legate within his
own province or diocese.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    _Legatus natus._


LEGEN-GIRTH, _s._

V. ~Lagen-gird~.


LEGIER, _s._ A resident at a court.

    L. B. _legatar-ius_, legatus.

  _Spotswood._


LEGLIN, LAIGLIN, _s._ A milk-pail, S.

  _Ritson._

    Teut. _leghel_, id. Isl. _leigill_, ampulla.


_To_ LEICH, _v. n._ To be coupled as hounds are.

  _Godly Sangs._


LEID, LEDE, _s._ People.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _liod_, A. S. _leod_, populus.


LEID, LEDE, _s._ A person.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _leod_, homo, Isl. _lyd_, miles.


LEID, _s._ A country.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Isl. _laad_, terra, solum.


LEID, LEDE, _s._ Language, S. B. _Leet_ is also used.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _hliod_, sonus, Dan. _lyd_, vox.


LEID, LEDE, LUID, _s._ A song, a lay.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _leoth, lioth_, Belg. _lied_, Isl. _hliod_, _liod_, id.


LEID, LIED, _s._ _A leid_ of a thing, is a partial idea of it, S. B.


LEID, _s._ Safe-conduct.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _leid_, Germ. _leit_, id.


_To_ LEIF, _v. n._ To believe.

  _Maitland P._

    A. S. _leaf-an_, credere.


_To_ LEIF, _v. a._ To leave.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _lif-a_, Su. G. _leif-a_, id.

~Leif~, ~Leiff~, _s._ Leave.

  _Wallace._

_To_ ~Leif~, ~Leiff~, _v. n._ To live.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _lefw-a_, Isl. _lif-a_, id.


LEIFULL, _adj._ Lawful.

V. ~Leful~.


LEIF, LIEF, _adj._

1. Beloved, S.

  _Doug._

2. Willing.

  _Douglas._

_As leif_, _as leive_, as soon, S.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _leof_, Su. G. _liuf_, carus, amicus.

~Leifsum~, _adj._

1. Desirable.

  _Douglas._

2. _Leesome_, pleasant, S.

  _Burns._

    A. S. _leof_, charus, and _sum_.

3. _Leesome_, compassionate, S. A.

  _J. Nicol._


LEISOM, _adj._ Lawful.

V. ~Lesum~.


LEIL, LEILE, LELE, _adj._

1. Loyal, faithful, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Right, lawful.

  _Wyntown._

3. Upright, S.

  _Reg. Maj._

4. Honest in dealings.

  _Priests Peblis._

5. _A leil stroke_, one that hits the mark, S. B.

    O. Fr. _leall_, loyal, faithful, honest.


_To_ LEIN, _v. a._ To conceal.

V. ~Layne~.


_To_ LEIN, _v. n._ To cease.

  _Cleland._


_To_ LEIND, LEYND, LENE, LEND, _v. n._

1. To dwell.

  _Barbour._

2. To tarry.

  _Douglas._

3. To continue in any state.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Isl. _lend-a_, sedem sibi figere.


LEINE, _s._ L. _leme_, gleam.

  _Houlate._


LEYNE, _pret._ Lied.

  _Douglas._


LEINEST, most lean.

  _Evergreen._


_To_ LEIP, _v. n._ To boil.

  _K. Hart._


_To_ LEIS, _v. a._ To lose.

  _Douglas._

    O. E. _leise_.


_To_ LEIS, LEISS, _v. a._ To lessen.

  _Doug._


_To_ LEIS, _v. a._ To arrange.

  _Gl. Sibb._


LEIS ME, LEESE ME, LEUIS ME, i. e. _leif is me_, dear is to me;
expressive of strong affection, S.

    _Me_ is the A. S. dative.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


LEISCH, LESCHE, _v._

1. A lash, S.

  _Dunbar._

2. A thong, by which a dog is held.

  _Douglas._

3. A stroke with a thong, S.

  _Kennedy._

_To_ ~Leische~, ~Leich~, ~Leash~, _v. a._ To lash, to scourge, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


_To_ LEIST, _v. n._ To incline, E. _list_.

  _Dunbar._


LEIST, _adj._ Least.

  _Douglas._


LEISTER, LISTER, _s._ A spear, armed with three or more prongs, for
striking fish, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _liuster_, id.; _liustra_, to strike fish with a trident.


_To_ LEIT, _v. a._ To permit.

  _Bannatyne P._


_To_ LEIT, _v. n._ To delay.

  _Henrysone._

    Su. G. _laet-ia_, intermittere, A. S. _laet-an_, tardare.


_To_ LEIT, LEET, LET, _v. n._

1. To pretend, to make a shew as if, S. B.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Su. G. _laat-as_, Isl. _laet-a_, id. prae se ferre, sive vere sive
simulando.

2. To give a hint of.

_Nevir leet_, make no mention of it, S. B.

V. ~Let on~.


_To_ LEIT, LEET, _v. n._ To ooze, S.

    C. B. _llaith_, that which is run out. Teut. _lyd-en_, transire.


LEYT, _pret._ Reckoned.

V. ~Lat~. 3.


LEYTHAND, L. _seichand_, sighing.

  _Wallace._


LEKAME, _s._ Dead body.

V. ~Licaym~.


LELÉ, _s._ The lily.

  _Sir Gawan._


_To_ LELL, _v. n._ To take aim, S. B.

    E. _level_, id.


LEMANE, _s._ A sweetheart, male or female.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _l'aimant_, Norm. Sax. _leue-mon_, amasius.


_To_ LEME, _v. n._ To blaze, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _leom-an_, Isl. _liom-a_, splendere.

~Leme~, _s._ Gleam.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ LEN, _v. a._ To lend, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

    A. S. _laen-an_, Su. G. _laen-a_, id.

~Len~, ~Leane~, ~Lend~, _s._ A loan, S.

    A. S. _laen_, _lean_, id.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


_To_ LEND, _v. n._ To dwell.

V. ~Leind~.


LENDIS, _s. pl._

1. Loins.

  _Chr. Kirk._

2. Buttocks.

  _Kennedy._

    Isl. _lend_, clunis; in _pl. lendar_, lumbi.


_To_ LENE, _v. n._ To give.

V. ~Lenit~.


LENYIE, LENYE, _adj._

1. Lean.

  _Barbour._

2. Of a thin texture.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hlaene_, _laene_, macer.


LENIT, _pret._ Granted.

  _Houlate._

    Isl. _laen-a_, concedere.


LENIT, LENT, _pret._ Abode.

V. ~Leind~.


LENIT, LENT, _pret._ Leaned.

  _Doug._


LENT-FIRE, _s._ A slow fire.

  _Baillie._

    Fr. _lent_, slow.


LENTFULL, _adj._ Mournful, from _Lent_, the season appropriated to
fasting.

  _Houlate._


LENTRYNE, LENTYRE, _s._ Lent; still used to denote Spring, S.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _lengten_, Lent, also Spring.

~Lentrin Kail~, broth made without beef, S.

  _J. Nicol._


LENNO, _s._ A child.

  _Ritson._

    Gael. _leanabh_, id.


_To_ LENTH, _v. a._ To lengthen.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _lengh-en_, Sw. _leng-a_, prolongare.


LEOMEN, _s._ A leg, Aberd.

    A. S. _leome_, a limb.

  _Journ. Lond._


_To_ LEP, _v. n._ To go rapidly.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _leip-a_, _hleip-a_, to run.


_To_ LEPE, LEIP, _v. a._ To heat, to parboil, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hleap-an_, to leap; q. to wallop in the pot.

~Lepe~, ~Leep~, _s._ A slight boiling, S.


LEPER-DEW, _s._ A cold frosty dew, S. B.


LEPYR, _s._ The leprosy.

V. ~Lipper~, s.


_To_ LERE, to learn.

V. ~Lare~.


LERGNES, _s._ Liberality.

  _Bannatyne P._


LERROCH, _s._ The site of a building.

    Gael. _larach_, id.

  _Ferguson._


LES, _conj._

1. Unless.

  _Douglas._

2. Lest.

  _Douglas._

_Les than_, id.

  _Bellenden._

_Les na_, _les nor_, id.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

    A. S. _laes_, _les_, id.


LES-AGE, _s._ Non-age.

  _Buchanan._


LESH PUND, LEISPUND, LISPUND, _s._ A weight used in Orkney, containing
eighteen pounds Scots.

  _Skene._

    Su. G. _lispund_, a pound of twenty marks; i. e. _Liwesche_, or the
Livonian.


LESIT, LESYT, _pret._ Lost.

  _Barbour._


LESS, lies; _pl._ of LE.

  _Barbour._


_To_ LEST, _v. n._ To please.

  _K. Quair._


LEST, _pret._ Tarried.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _laest-an_, to stay.


LESUM, LEISOM, _adj._ What may be permitted.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ge-leafsum_, licitus, allowable, from _leaf_, permissio.


LESURIS, LASORS, _s. pl._ Pastures.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _leswe_, a pasture; Ir. _leasur_, a meadow.


_To_ LET, _v. n._ To reckon.

  _Priests Peblis._

V. ~Lat~, _v._ 3.

_To_ ~Let~, _v. n._ To expect.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ LET, _v. a._ To dismiss.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _laet-an_, _let-an_, dimittere.


_To_ LET BE.

V. ~Lat~, _v._ 1.


_To_ LET GAE, _v. a._ To raise the tune, S.

  _Forbes._


TO LET ON,

1. To seem to observe any thing, S.

  _Burns._

2. To mention a thing.

  _Ramsay._

3. To give one's self concern about any business.

    Isl. _laet-a_, ostendere.

  _Kelly._


TO LET WIT, To make known, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Belg. _laat-en weeten_, Sw. _let-a en weta_, id.


TO LET WI'T, i. e. with it, _v. a._ To make known, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ LETE, _v. n._ To pretend.

V. ~Leit~, _v._ 3.


_To_ LETE, _v. n._ To forbear.

  _Sir Tristrem._

~Lete~, _s. But let_, without obstruction.

  _Wyntown._

~Letles~, _adj._ Without obstruction.

  _Barbour._


LETE, _s._ Gesture.

V. ~Lait~.


LETH, LETHE, _s._

1. Hatred.

    A. S. _laeththe_, id.

  _Wyntown._

2. A disgust, S. B.

  _Wyntown._


LETTEIS, _s._ Gray fur, Fr.

  _Acts Ja. II._


LETTER-GAE, _s._ The precentor or clerk in a church, S.

  _Ramsay._

V. ~Let Gae~.

~Letteron~, ~Lettrin~, _s._

1. The desk in which the clerk or precentor officiates, S.

2. A writing desk.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _letrin_, the pulpit from which the _lecture_ was anciently
read.


LEUCH, LEUGH, _pret._ Laughed, S.


LEUE, _adj._ Beloved.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _leof_, id.


LEUEDI, _s._ Lady.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _hlaefdige_, Isl. _lafda_, id.


LEVEFUL, _adj._ Friendly.

  _Wyntown._


LEVER, _s._ Flesh.

V. ~Lyre~.

  _Sir Gawan._


LEVER, LEUER, LEUIR, LEIR, LEWAR, LOOR, LOURD, _adv._ Rather.

    The comparative of _leif_, willing; A. S. _leofre_.


LEUERAIRES, _s. pl._ Armorial bearings.

  _Complaynt S._


LEVERÉ, LEVERAY, _s._

1. Delivery.

    Fr. _livrée_.

  _Barbour._

2. Donation.

  _Diallog._


LEVIN, _s._ Lightning.

  _Douglas._

2. The light of the sun.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hlif-ian_, rutilare.


LEVIN, _s._ Scorn.

  _Gawan and Gol._


LEVINGIS, _s. pl._ Remains.

  _Douglas._


LEUINGIS, _s. pl._ Loins, or lungs.

  _Douglas._


LEUIT, LEWYT, _pret._ Allowed.

    A. S. _lef-an_, permittere.

  _Wallace._


LEVYT, LEWYT, _pret._ Left.

  _Barbour._

    Isl. _leif-a_, linquere.


_To_ LEW, _v. a._ To make tepid, S. B.

    Teut. _lauw-en_, tepefacere.

~Lew~, ~Lew-warme~, _adj._ Tepid, S.

  _Doug._

    Teut. _lauw_, Belg. _liew_, id.; A. S. _hleow-an_, tepere.


_To_ LEWDER, _v. n._ To move heavily, S. B.

    Teut. _leuter-en_, morari.

  _Ross._


LEWIS, LEWYSS, _s. pl._ Leaves.

  _Wallace._


LEWIT.

V. ~Lawit~.

~Lewitnes~, _s._ Ignorance.

  _Douglas._


LEWRAND, _part. pr._ Lurking.

V. ~Loure~, _v._

  _Leg. St Androis._


LEWS, _s. pl._ The island of Lewis.

  _Watson._


LIAM, LYAM, _s._

1. A string, a thong.

    Arm. _liam_, id.

  _Douglas._

2. A rope made of hair, Tweedd.


LIART, LYART, _adj._

1. Having grey hairs intermixed, S.

  _Maitland P._

2. Grey-haired in general.

5. Spotted, of various hues, Galloway.

  _Davidson._


LIBART, LIBBERT, _s._ A leopard.

  _Barbour._

    Alem. _libaert_, Belg. _libaerd_, id.


LIBBERLAY, _s._ A baton.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _luber-ia_, pertundere.


LIBBERLY, _s._ Perh. the same as _libberlay_.

  _Priests Peblis._


LY-BY, _s._ A neutral.

  _Rutherford._


LICAYM, LIKAME, LECAM, LEKAME, _s._

1. An animated body.

  _K. Hart._

2. A dead body.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _lichama_, Isl. _lykame_, corpus.


LICHELUS, _adj._ Perh. for _licherus_, lecherous.

  _Maitland Poems._


LYCHLEFUL, _adj._ Contemptuous.

V. ~Lichtly~.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


LYCHT, _adj._ Merry.

  _Douglas._


LICHTER, LICHTARE, _adj._ Delivered of a child, S. B.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _verda liettare_, eniti partum.


LYCHTLY, _adj._ Contemptuous.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _liht_ and _lic_, having the appearance of lightness.

_To_ ~Lichtlie~, ~Lychtly~, ~Lithlie~, _v. a._

1. To undervalue, to slight, S.

  _Complaynt S._

2. To slight, in love, S.

  _Ritson._

~Lichtlie~, _s._ The act of slighting, S.

  _Ruddiman._

~Lychtlyness~, _s._ Contempt.

  _Wallace._


LYCHTNIS, _s. pl._ Lungs, S. A.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ LICK, _v. a._

1. To strike, to beat, S.

  _Burns._

2. To overcome, S.

    Su. G. _laegg-a_, ferire, percutere.

~Lick~, _s._ A blow, S.

_To give one his licks_, to beat one, S.

  _Forbes._


LICK, _s._ A wag, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _liccet-an_, to feign; _lycce_, a liar.


LICK-SCHILLING, _s._ A term of reproach expressive of poverty.

V. ~Schilling~.

  _Dunbar._


LIDDER, LIDDIR, _adj._

1. Sluggish.

  _Douglas._

2. Behind others.

  _Lyndsay._

3. Loathsome.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Isl. _leidur_, sordidus, _leid-a_, taedio afficere.

~Lidderlie~, _adv._ Lazily.

  _Arbuthnot._


LIE, _adj._ Sheltered, warm, S.

V. ~Le~.

~Liesome~, _adj._ Warm, sultry, Aberd.

V. ~Lithe~.

  _Shirrefs._


LIFEY, _adj._ Lively, S.

  _Callander._


LYFLAT, _adj._ Deceased.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _liflat_, loss of life; _liflat-ast_, perdere vitam.


LYFLAT, _s._ Course of life.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _lif-lade_, vitae iter.


LIFT, LYFT, _s._ The atmosphere, S.

    A. S. _lyft_, Su. G. _luft_, aer.

  _Douglas._


_To_ LIFT, _v. a._ To carry off by theft, S.

  _Lett. North S._


_To_ LIG, _v. n._ To recline, Aberd. S. O.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _licg-an_. Isl. _lig-a_, Su. G. _ligg-a_.

~Liggar~, _s._ A foul salmon, S. A. q. one that _lies_ too long in the
fresh water.


LIGGAT, _s._ A park gate, Galloway.

    A. S. _leag_, campus, and _gat_ porta; q. "the _gate_ of the field,
or _lea_."


LIGLAG, _s._

1. A confused noise of tongues, S.

2. A great deal of idle talk, S.

    Su. G. _ligg-a_, to harass by entreaties.


LIK, _s._ A dead body.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _lyk_, Su. G. _lik_, A. S. _lic_, id.


LYK, LIKE, the termination of many words in S., which in E. are softened
into _ly_. It denotes resemblance; from A. S. _lic_, Goth. _lik_, &c.,
similis.


LYK, LIK, _v. impers. Lyk til us_, be agreeable to us.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _lyc-ian_, Su. G. _lik-a_, placere.

~Likand~, _part._ Pleasing.

  _Dunbar._

~Likandlie~, _adv._ Pleasantly.

  _Douglas._

~Liking~, ~Likyng~,

1. Pleasure.

    A. S. _licung_, id.

  _Barbour._

2. A darling.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _licung_, pleasure, delight.


LYKLY, _adj._ Having a good appearance, S.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _lyklig_, Isl. _liklig_, id.

_To_ ~Likly~, _v. a._ To render agreeable.

  _Douglas._


LYKE-WAIK, LIKE WALK, _s._ The watching of a dead body.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _lic_, a body, and _wac-ian_, to watch.


LIL FOR LALL, retaliation.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _lael with laele_, stripe for stripe.


LILY, _s._ The aphthae, a disease of children, S.


LILL, _s._ The hole of a wind instrument, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ LILT, _v. n._

1. To sing cheerfully, S.

  _Ritson._

2. To sing on a high or sharp key, S.

3. Denoting the lively notes of a musical instrument, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. _To lilt out_, to take off one's drink merrily, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _lull-a_, canere.

~Lilt~, _s._ A cheerful air, S.

  _Morison._

~Lilt~, _s._ A large pull in drinking, frequently repeated, Fife.

~Lilting~, _s._ The act of singing cheerfully.

~Lilt-pype~, _s._ A particular kind of musical instrument.

  _Houlate._

    Teut. _lul-pijpe_, tibia utricularis.


LIME, _s._ Glue; Teut. _lijm_, id.

  _Gl. Sibb._


LIMITOUR, _s._ A begging friar, authorised to hear confession within
certain _limits_.

  _Philotus._


LIMMAR, LIMMER, _s._

1. A scoundrel.

  _Bellenden._

2. Equivalent to _theif_.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

3. A woman of loose manners. S.

~Limmery~, _s._ Villany.

  _Godly Sangs._


LYMMIT, _pret._ Perhaps, bound.

    Teut. _lym-en_, agglutinare.

  _K. Hart._


LYMOURIS, LIMNARIS, _s. pl._ Shafts of a carriage.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _lim_, pl. _limar_, rami arborum.


LYMPET, _part. pa._ Perhaps, crippled.

    Isl. _limp-ast_, viribus deficit.

  _Houlate._


LIN, LYN, _s._

1. A cataract, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. The pool under a cataract, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

    A. S. _hlynna_, a torrent; C. B. _lhynn_, Ir. _lin_, a pool.


LIN, LINN, _v. a._ To cease.

  _Patten._

    A. S. _linn-a_, id.


LINCUM LICHT, cloth of a _light_ colour, made at _Lincoln_.

  _Chr. Kirk._


LIND, LYND, _s._ A lime tree.

_Licht as the lynd_, very light.

  _Douglas._

_Under the lind_, in the woods.

    Isl. _lind_, arbor; tilia.

  _Bannatyne P._


LINDER, _s._ A short gown, shaped like a man's vest, close to the body,
with sleeves, worn by old women and children; Ang.

    Perh. from Isl. _lendar_, lumbi, as sitting close to the loins.


_To_ LINE, _v. a._ To beat, Ang.


_To_ LYNE, LYN, _v. a._ To measure land with a line.

  _Burrow Lawes._

    Lat. _lin-eare_, id.

~Lyner~. _s._ One who measures land with a line.

  _Ibid._


LING, _s._

1. A species of rush or thin long grass, Ayrs. S. A.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. _Pull ling_, cotton grass.

  _Statist. Acc._


LING, LYNG, _s._ A line, Fr. _ligne_. _In ane ling_.

1. Straight forward.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. Denoting expedition in motion, Aberd.

  _Douglas._


_To_ LING, _v. n._ To go at a long pace, S.

    Ir. _ling-im_, to skip.

  _Barbour._

_To_ ~Link~, _v. n._

1. To walk smartly, to trip, S.

  _Ross._

2. Denoting the influx of money.

  _Ritson._


LINGEL, LINGLE, _s._

1. Shoemaker's thread, S. also _lingan_; Fr. _ligneul_.

  _Ramsay._

2. A bandage.

  _Polwart._

    Isl. _lengia_, lamina coriacea.

~Lingel-tail'd~, _adj._ Applied to a woman whose clothes hang awkwardly,
from the smallness of her shape below, S.


LINGET, _s._ A rope binding the fore foot of a horse to the hinder one,
Ang.

V. ~Langet~.


LINGET-SEED, _s._ The seed of flax, S. B.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


LINGIS, LINGS, a termination by which adverbs are formed; sometimes
denoting quality, in other instances extension, as _backlingis_; now
pron. _lins_, S.


LINGIT, _adj._ Flexible, E. Loth.

    A. S. _laenig_, tenuis.


LINKS, _s. pl._

1. The windings of a river, S.

  _Nimmo._

2. The rich ground lying among these windings, S.

  _Macneill._

3. The sandy flat ground on the sea-shore, S.

  _Knox._

4. Sandy and barren ground; though at a distance from any body of water,
S.

    Germ. _lenk-en_, flectere.


LIN-PIN, LINT-PIN, _s._ The linch-pin.

    S. Su. G. _lunt-a_, id.


LYNTQUHIT, LINTWHITE, _s._ A linnet, S. corr. _lintie_.

  _Complaynt S._

    A. S. _linetwige_, id.


LYPE, _s._ A crease, a fold, S.


LIPPER, _s._ Leprosy.

  _Bellenden._

    Fr. _lepre_, id.

~Lipper~, _adj._

1. Leprous.

  _Stat. Gild._

2. Applied to fish that are diseased.

    A. S. _hleapere_, leprosus.

  _Chalm. Air._


_To_ LIPPER, _v. n._ A term denoting the appearance of foam on the tops
of the waves, or of breakers.

  _Douglas._

~Lipperis~, ~Lopperis~, _s. pl._ The tops of broken waves.

  _Ibid._

The same with _lapper_, _lopper_, to curdle; or from Isl. _hleyp-a_,
concitare.


LIPPIE, _s._ The fourth part of a peck, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    A. S. _leap_, a basket, Isl. _laup_, id.


_To_ LIPPIN, LYPPYN, LIPPEN, _v. n._

1. To expect, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. _To lippen in_, to put confidence in.

  _Douglas._

3. _To lyppyn off_, the same.

  _Barbour._

4. _To lippen till_, to entrust to one's charge.

  _Houlate._

5. _To lippen to_, to trust to, S.

6. _To lippen upon_, to depend on for.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Moes. G. _laub-jan_, credere; _ga-lau-beins_. fides.

~Lypnyng~, _s._ Expectation.

  _Wyntown._


LIRE, LYR, LYRE, _s._

1. The flesh or muscles, as distinguished from the bones, S. O.

  _Wallace._

2. Flesh, as distinguished from the skin that covers it.

  _Sir Egeir._

    A. S. _lire_, the fleshy parts of the body.


LYRE, LYIRE, _s._ That part of the skin which is colourless.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    A. S. _hleor_, _hlear_, the countenance.


LYRE, LAYER, LYAR, _s._ The Shearwater.

  _Pennant._

_Liere_, id. Feroe Islands.


_To_ LIRK, _v. a._ To rumple, S.

_To_ ~Lerk~, _v. n._ To contract, to shrivel, S.

    Isl. _lerk-a_, contrahere.

~Lirk~, _s._

1. A crease, S.

2. A fold, a double, S.

3. A wrinkle.

  _Ramsay._

4. A hollow in a hill.

  _Minstr. Bord._


_To_ LIS, _v. a._ To assuage.

    Su. G. _lis-a_, lenire.

  _Gawan and Gol._


LISK, LEESK, _s._ The groin, S.

    Dan. Sw. _liuske_, id.

  _Douglas._


LISS, _s._ Remission, especially of any acute disease.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Fr. _lisse_, id., Su. G. _lisa_, requies a dolore.


LISTARIS, _s. pl._ The small yard arms.

  _Complaynt S._


LISTER, _s._ A fish spear.

V. ~Leister~.


_To_ LIT, LITT, _v. a._ To dye, S.

  _Doug._

    Isl. _lit-a_, tingere; _litr_, Su. G. _lit_, color.

~Lit~, ~Litt~, _s._ Dye, tinge, S.

  _Acts Ja. II._

~Litstar~, _s._ A dyer, S.

  _Burrow Lawes._


LITE, LYTE, _adj._ Little.

  _Douglas._

~Lite~, ~Lyte~, _s._

1. A short while.

  _K. Quair._

2. A small portion.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _lyt_, Su. G. _lite_, Isl. _litt_, parum.


LYTE, _s._ Elect.

V. ~Elyte~.

  _Wyntown._


LITE, _s._ A nomination of candidates for election to any office.

V. ~Leet~.

  _Spotswood._


_To_ LITH, LYTH, _v. n._ To listen.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _lyd-a_, Isl. _hlyd-a_, audire.


LITH, _s._

1. A joint, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Metaphor, the hinge of an argument, S.

    A. S. _lith_, artus, membrum.

  _Cleland._

_To_ ~Lith~, _v. a._ To separate the joints one from another, S.


LITHE, _adj._

1. Calm, sheltered, S. _lyde_, S. B.

  _Ruddiman_.

2. Possessing genial heat.

  _Wallace._

3. Metaph. affectionate. _A lithe side_, attachment or regard, S. B.

    A. S. _hlithe_, quietus, _hlewoth_, apricitas.

_To_ ~Lythe~, _v. a._ To shelter, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

~Lythe~, _s._

1. A warm shelter, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. Encouragement, countenance, S. B.

  _Ross._

~Lythnes~, _s._ Warmth, heat.

  _Porteous of Noblenes._


_To_ LITHE, _v. a._

1. To soften.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

2. To thicken, to mellow, S.

    A. S. _lith-ian_, to mitigate.

~Lythe~, _adj._ Assuaging.

  _Sir Tristrem._


LITHE, _s._ A ridge, an ascent.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _hlithe_, Isl. _leit_, jugum montis.


LYTHE, LAID, _s._ The pollack, Gadus Pollachius, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


LYTHYRNES, _s._ Sloth.

V. ~Lidder~.

  _Wyntown._


LYTHIS, _s. pl._ Perh. manners.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ LYTHLY.

V. ~Lychtlie~.


LITHRY, _s._ A despicable crowd, Aberd.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    A. S. _lythre_, malus, nequam.


LITTLEANE, _s._ A child, S.

  _Ross._

    Q. _little one_; or A. S. _lytling_, parvulus.


LITTLEGOOD, LITTLEGUDY, _s._ Suns-purge, S.


LIUE, _s._ Life.

_On lyve_, alive.

  _K. Quair._


_To_ LIVER, _v. a._ To unload; applied to ships, S.

    Germ. _liefer-n_, Fr. _livr-er_, to deliver.


LIVERY-DOWNIE, _s._ A haddock stuffed with _livers_, &c., Ang.


LIVER-MOGGIE, _s._ The stomach of the cod filled with _liver_, &c.
Shetl.

    Sw. _lefwer_, liver, and _mage_, the maw.


LIUNG, _s._ An atom, Ang.


LYWYT, _pret._ Lived.

  _Barbour._


LOAGS, _s. pl._ Stockings without feet, Stirl.


LOAN, LONE, LOANING, _s._

1. An opening between fields of corn, for driving the cattle homewards,
or milking cows, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Isl. _lon_, intermissio, q. a break or interval between fields; or
C. B. _llàn_, a clear place, an area.

2. A narrow inclosed way, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


LOAN, LONE, _s._ Wages, pay.

    Su. G. _loen_, Germ. _lohn_, id.

  _Spalding._


LOCH, LOUCH, _s._

1. A lake, S.

  _Barbour._

2. An arm of the sea, S.

  _Boswell._

    Isl. _laug_, Su. G. _log_, Ir. _louch_, C. B. _lhugh_, a lake, id.;
also Gael. _loch_, an arm of the sea.

~Loch-reed~, Common Reed-grass, S.

  _Lightfoot._


LOCHTER, _s._ A layer; also the eggs laid in one season.

V. ~Lachter~.


LOCK, LOAKE, _s._ A small quantity, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Su. G. _lock_, capillus contortus.


LOCKMAN, LOKMAN, _s._ The public executioner; still used, Edinburgh.

  _Wallace._

Teut. _lock-en_, to lock; A. S. _loc_, claustrum.


LOFF, _s._ Praise.

V. ~Loif~.


LOG, _s._ The substance which bees gather for making their works, S. B.

    A. S. _loge_, Su. G. _lag_, humor.


LOGE, _s._ A lodge, Dan. id.

  _Barbour._


LOGIE, KILLOGIE, _s._ A vacuity before the fire place in a kiln, for
drawing air, S. Belg. _log_, a hole.

  _Watson._


LOY, _adj._ Sluggish. Ang.

    Belg. _luy_, id.

~Loyness~, _s._ Inactivity, Ang.

    Belg. _luyheit_.


_To_ LUIF, LOIUE, LOVE, LUFF, LOUE, _v. a._ To praise.

  _Priests Peblis._

    Isl. Su. G. _lofw-a_, A. S. _lof-ian_, id.

~Loif~, ~Loff~, _s._ Praise.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. Isl. Belg. _lof_, id.


LOIS, _s._ Praise.

V. ~Lose~.

  _Douglas._


LOISSIT, _pret._ Lost.

  _Gawan and Gol._


LOIT, _s._ A turd, S.

    Su. G. _lort_, id.


_To_ LOKKER, _v. n._ To curl, S.

  _Doug._

Isl. _lock-r_, capillus contortus.

~Lokker~, ~Lokkar~, _adj._ Curled.

  _Evergr._


LOKLATE, _adj._ Securing a lock.

  _Wallace._


LOLLERDRY, _s._ What was deemed heresy.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    From E. _Lollard_.


LOME, LOOM, pron. _lume_, _s._

1. An utensil of any kind, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A tub, or vessel of any kind, S.; as _brew-lumes_, _milk-lumes_, &c.

    A. S. _loma_, utensilia.


LOMPNYT, _part. pa._ Laid with trees.

  _Barbour._

    Sw. _laemp-a_, to fit; or Isl. _lunn_, phalangae.


LONE, _s._ Place of shelter.

    Isl. _logn_, tranquillitas aeris.

~Lony~, _adj._ Sheltered.

  _Houlate._


LONNACHS, _s. pl._ Quickgrass gathered for being burnt, Mearns.


LOOGAN, _s._ A rogue, Loth.


LOOPIE, _adj._ Deceitful, S., q. one who holds a _loop_ in his hand.


LOOR, _adv._ Rather.

V. ~Lever~.


_To_ LOPPER, _v. n._ To ripple.

V. ~Lipper~, _v._


LOPPIN, LOPPEN, _pret._ Leaped.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _hleop_, Sw. _lupen_, insiliit.


LORE, _part. pa._ Solitary, q. _forlore_.

  _Sir Gawan._


LORER, _s._ Laurel.

    Fr. _laurier_.

  _Sir Gawan._


LOSE, LOSS, _s._ Praise.

  _Houlate._

    _Lofs_ occurs in Isl. _lofs-tyr_, gloria, encomium.


LOSEL, _s._ Idle rascal.

  _Ritson._

    Teut. _losigh_, ignavus.


LOSYNGEOUR, LOSINGERE, _s._

1. A deceiver.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _lozeng-er_, to flatter, to deceive.

2. A sluggard, a loiterer.


LOT, _s._ Uncertain.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


LOT-MAN, _s._ One who threshes for one boll in a certain number, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


LOTCH, _s._ A snare, S.

  _Hamilton._

    Teut. _letse_, id.


LOUABIL, _adj._ Praiseworthy.

  _Doug._

    Fr. _louable_.


LOUCH, _s._ (gutt.)

1. A cavity.

  _Barbour._

2. A cavity containing water.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _loch_, apertura, cavitas, latibulum.


LOUCHING, _part. pr._ Bowing down.

    Isl. _lut-a_, pronus flo.

  _Burel._


_To_ LOUE, LOVE, _v. a._ To praise.

V. ~Loif~.


LOVEDARG, _s._ Work done from affection, S.

V. ~Dawerk~.


LOVERY, LUFRAY, _s._ Bounty.

  _Dunbar._


LOUING, _s._ Praise, A. S. _lofung_, id.

  _Douglas._


_To_ LOUK, _v. a._

1. To lock.

  _Douglas._

2. To surround.

  _Douglas._


LOUN, LOWNE, _adj._

1. Serene, denoting the state of the air, S.

  _Hudson._

2. Sheltered, S.

  _Houlate._

3. Unruffled; applied to water.

  _Doug._

4. Recovered from rage, S.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _logn_, tranquillitas aeris.  Su. G. _lugn_, id.; also
tranquillitas animi.

_To_ ~Loun~, ~Lown~, _v. a._ To tranquillize.

  _Douglas._

_To_ ~Loun~, ~Lown~, _v. n._ To become calm, S.

  _Kelly._


LOUN, LOWN, LOON, _s._ A worthless person, male or female.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _laewend_, a traitor.

~Lounfow~, _adj._ Rascally, S.

~Loun-like~, _adj._

1. Having the appearance of a _loun_, S.

  _Ross._

2. Shabby; applied to dress, S.

~Lounrie~, _s._ Villany.

  _Dunbar._


LOUN, LOWN, _s._ A boy, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Isl. _lione_, servus.

~Loun's piece~, the uppermost slice of a loaf of bread, S.


_To_ LOUNDER, _v. a._ To beat with severe strokes, S.

V. ~Loundit~.

  _Ramsay._

~Lounder~, _s._ A swinging stroke, S.

  _Watson._


LOUNDIT, _part. pa._ Beaten.

  _Dunbar._

    This seems the origin of _Lounder_, apparently allied to Fenn.
_lyon_, ferio, verbero.


_To_ LOUP, _v. n._

1. To leap, to spring, S. pret. _lap_.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Moes. G. _hlaup-an_, saltare; Su. G. _loep-a_, currere.

2. To run, to move with celerity, S. B.

  _Forbes._

3. To give way; applied to frost, S.

4. Applied to a sore when the skin breaks, S.

5. To cover, S., like Teut. _loop-en_, catulire.

6. _To_ ~Loup~ _on_, to mount on horseback. S.

  _Spalding._

7. _To_ ~Loup~ _out_, to run out of doors.

  _Many._

8. To pass from one possessor to another; used as to property.

  _Many._

~Loup~, _s._ A leap, a spring, S.

  _Barbour._

~Loup~, ~Loupe~, _s._ A cataract, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

~Louping Ague~, a disease resembling St Vitus's dance, Ang.

  _Stat. Acc._

~Loupin-on-stane~, _s._ A flight of stone-steps, for assisting one to
get on horseback, S.

_To cum aff at the loupin-on-stane_, S. to leave off any business in the
same state as when it was begun; also, to terminate a dispute, without
the slightest change of mind in either party, S.


LOUP-HUNTING, _s._ _Hae ye been a loup-hunting?_ a query, addressed to
one who has been very early abroad, and contains an evident allusion to
the hunting of the wolf in former times, S. B.

    Fr. _loup_, a wolf.


LOURD, rather.

V. ~Lever~.

  _Ritson._


LOURDNES, _s._ Surly temper.

V. ~Lowryd~.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ LOURE, _v. n._ To lurk, Fife.

  _Doug._

    Germ. _laur-en_, Dan. _lur-er_, to lurk.


LOUSANCE, _s._ Freedom from bondage.

  _Kelly._


_To_ LOUT, LOWT, _v. n._

1. To bow down the body, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To make obeisance.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _hlut-an_, Su. G. _lut-a_, incurvare se.

~Loutshouther'd~, _adj._ Round-shouldered, S.


_To_ LOUTHER, _v. n._

1. To be entangled in mire or snow, Ang.

2. To walk with difficulty, Ang.

V. ~Lewder~.


_To_ LOW, _v. n._

1. To flame, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To flame with rage, S.

  _Kennedy._

    Isl. Su G. _log-a_, ardere, flagrare.

~Low~, ~Lowe~. _s._

1. Flame, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Rage, desire, or love.

  _Evergreen._

    Isl. Dan. _lege_, Su. G. loga, id.


_To_ LOWDEN, _v. n._

1. Used to signify that the wind falls, S. B.

2. To speak little, to stand in awe of another, S. B.

_To_ ~Lowden~, _v. a._

1. To cause to fall; applied to the wind, S. B.

2. To bring down, or to silence; applied to persons, S. B.

    Isl. _hliodn-a_, tristari; submissè loqui.


LOWDER, _s._ A wooden lever, Moray; _loothrick_, Stirlings.

~Lowder~, ~Louthertree~, _s._ A hand-spoke for lifting the mill-stones,
S.

    Isl. _ludr_, _luth-r_, q. mill-tree; or _hlod_, fulcra.


LOWDING, _s._ Praise, q. _lauding_.

  _Everg._


LOWE, _s._ Love.

  _Wallace._


LOWN, _adj._ Calm, &c.

V. ~Loun~.


LOWNDRER, _s._ A lazy wretch.

  _Wynt._

    Teut. _lunderer_, cunctator, _lunder-en_, cunctari.


LOWRYD, _adj._ Surly.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _luri_, homo torvus et deformis.


LOWRIE, LAWRIE, _s_.

1. A designation given to the fox, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. A crafty person; one who has the disposition of a fox.

  _Godly Sangs._

    Arm. _luarn_, vulpes; or Teut. _loer_, one who lays snares.


LOZEN, _s_. A pane of glass, S. corr. from E. _lozenge_.


LUBBA, _s._ A coarse grass of any kind, Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _lubbe_, hirsutus.


_To_ LUCK, _v. n._ To have good or bad fortune, S.

  _Montgomerie._

    Teut. _ghe-luck-en_, Isl. _luck-as_, to prosper.

* ~Luck~, _s._ _Upon luck's head_, on chance.

  _Rutherford._


LUCKEN, _part. pa._

1. Shut up, contracted, S.

_Lucken-handed_, having the fist contracted, S.

  _Gl. Shirr._

_Lucken-taed_, _lucken-footed_, web-footed, S.

  _Sibbald._

2. Locked, bolted.

  _Ruddiman._

The part. of A. S. _luc-an_, to lock.

_To_ ~Lucken, Luken~, _v. a._

1. To lock, S.

  _Chron. S. P._

2. To knit the brows.

  _Pop. Ball._

3. To pucker, to gather up in folds.

  _Spalding._

~Lucken~ or ~Lukin Gowan~, the globe flower, S.

  _Ramsay._


LUCKIE, LUCKY, _s_.

1. A designation given to an elderly woman, S.

  _Ross._

2. A grandmother; often _luckie-minnie_, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

_Luckie-daddie_, grandfather, S. B.

  _Kelly._

3. Used in familiar or facetious language, although not necessarily
including the idea of age, S.

4. The mistress of an ale-house, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Perhaps primarily implying the idea of witchcraft; Isl. _hlok_,
maga.


LUCKY, _adj_. Bulky, S.

  _Kelly._

~Lucky~, _adv_. Denoting excess, S.

  _Ross._

    Perh. from the old custom of giving something _to the luck_ of the
bargain.


LUCK-PENNY, s. A small sum given back by the person who receives money
in consequence of a bargain, S. _lucks-penny_, S. B.

  _Courant._


LUDE, _part. pa._ Loved, S.

  _Bannatyne P._

~Lude~, contraction for _love it_, S.

  _Ibid._


_To_ LUF, LUVE, LUWE, _v. a._ To love, S. _lue_.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _luf-ian_, id. Su. G. _liuf_, gratus.

~Luf, Luve~, _s._ Love.

  _Douglas._

~Lufare~, _adj_. More loving.

  _King's Quair._

~Luffar~, _s._ A lover.

  _Douglas._

~Luflely~, _adv._ Lovingly.

  _Barbour._

~Lufsom~, _adj_. Lovely; S. _lusome_.

    A. S. _lofsum_, delectabilis.

  _Sir Gawan._


LUFE, LUIF, LUFFE, LOOF, _s._ The palm of the hand; pl. _luffis_,
_luves_, S.

  _Lyndsay._

    Moes. G. _lofa_, Su. G. _lofwe_, Isl. _loofve_, vola manus.

~Lufefow~, ~Luifful~, _s._ As much as fills the palm of the hand, S.

  _Lyndsay._

~Luffie~, _s._ A stroke on the palm of the hand, S.


_To_ LUFF, _s_. To praise.

V. ~Loif~, _v._

~Lufly~, _adj_. Worthy of praise.

    Isl. _loflig_, laudabilis.

  _Gawan and Gol._


LUFRAY, _s._

V. ~Lovery~.


LUG, _s._

1. The ear, S.

  _Burrow Lawes._

2. _At the lug of_, in a state of proximity, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. _Up to the lugs_ in any thing, quite immersed in it, S.

4. _If he were worth his lugs_, i. e. if he acted as became him, S.

    Su. G. _lugg-a_, to drag one.


LUG, _s._ The worm, called Lumbricus marinus, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Fris. _luggh-en_, ignave et segniter agere.


LUGGIE, _adj._ Applied to corn which grows mostly to the straw, S. B.

    Belg. _log_, heavy.


LUGGIE, _s._ A lodge or hut, S. B.

    Teut. _logie_, id.


LUGGIE, LOGGIE, _s._ A small wooden vessel, for holding meat or drink,
made of staves, one of which projects as a handle, S.

  _Burns._

    From _lug_, the ear; or Belg. _lokie_, a wooden sauce-boat.


LUID, _s._ A poem.

V. ~Leid~.


LUIK-HARTIT, _adj._ Warmhearted.

    Alem. _lauc_, flame.

  _Dunbar._


LUIT, _pret._ Let.

  _Pitscottie._

_Lute of_, reckoned.

  _R. Bruce._


LUKNYT, _part. pa._ Locked.

V. ~Lucken~.


LUM, LUMB, _s._

1. A chimney, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. Sometimes the chimney-top, S.

C. B. _llumon_, id.

  _Brand._

~Lum-head~, _s._ A chimney top, S.

  _Ross._


LUME, _s._ An utensil.

V. ~Lome~.


LUMMLE, _s._ The filings of metal, S.

    Fr. _limaille_, id.


LUNCH, _s._ A large piece of any thing, S.

    Sw. _luns_, massa.

  _Burns._


LUND, LWND, _s._ London.

  _Wallace._


LUNYIE, _s._ The loin.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _loenie_. id.

~Lunyie-bane~, _s._ Hucklebone, Fife.


LUNKIT, _adj._

1. Lukewarm, S.

2. Beginning to thicken in boiling, S.

    Dan. _lunk-en_, to make lukewarm.


LUNT, _s._

1. A match, as in E.

_Hist. Ja. Sext._

2. A column of flaming smoke, S.

  _Burns._

3. Hot vapour of any kind, S.

  _Burns._

    Teut. _lonte_, fomes igniarius.

_To_ ~Lunt~, _v. n._ To emit smoke in columns, S.

  _Burns._

~Luntus~, _s._ A contemptuous designation for an old woman, probably
from the practice of smoking tobacco, S. B.


LURDANE, LURDON, _s._

1. A worthless person.

  _Wyntown._

2. A fool, a sot.

  _Baillie._

3. Conjoined with the idea of sloth, S.

4. Improperly, a piece of folly or stupidity.

  _Godly Sangs._

    Fr. _lourdin_, blockish, from _lourd_, id.  Teut. _luyaerd_, _loerd_,
ignavus.

~Lurdanry~, _s._

1. Sottishness.

  _Douglas._

2. Carnal sloth.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _lourderie_, stupidity.


LURE, _s._ The udder of a cow; properly, as used for food, S.


LURE, _adv._ Rather, S.

V. ~Lever~.

  _Ramsay._


LUSCHBALD, _s._ A sluggard.

  _Kennedy._

    Isl. _losk-r_, ignavus, and _bald-r_, potens.


LUSKING, LEUSKING, _part. pr._ Absconding.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Teut. _luysch-en_, latitare.


LUSOME, _adj._ Not smooth, S. B.

    Su. G. _lo_, _lugg_, rough, and _sum_.


LUSOME, _adj._ Desirable.

V. ~Lufsom~.


LUSS, _s._ Dandruff, Pityriasis capitis, S.


LUSTY, _adj._

1. Beautiful.

  _Douglas._

2. Pleasant, delightful.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _lustigh_, amoenus, delectabilis.

~Lustheid~, _s._ Amiableness.

  _Gl. Sibb._

~Lustynes~, _s._ Beauty.

  _Dunbar._


LUTE, LEUT, _s._ A sluggard.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Teut. _loete_, homo insulsus; E. _lout_.


LUTE, _pret._ Permitted.

V. ~Luit~.


LUTHE. Not understood.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


LUTHRIE, _s._ Lechery.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Belg. _lodderig_, wanton.


LUTTAIRD, _adj._ Bowed.

  _Dunbar._

    O. Belg. _loete_, a clown, and _aerd_, nature.


_To_ LUVE, LUWE, _v. a._ To love.

V. ~Luf~.



M


MA, MAY, MAA, MAE, _adj._ More in number, S.

     A. S. _ma_, id.

  _Barbour._


_To_ MA, _v. a._ To make.

  _Barbour._

    Germ. _mach-en_, facere.


MA, _aux. v._ May.

  _Wyntown._

    Sw. _ma_, Isl. _maa_, id.


MAAD, MAWD, _s._ A plaid worn by shepherds, S.  A.  Renfr.

  _Mannering._

    Su. G. _mudd_, a garment made of the skins of reindeers.


MABBIE, _s._ A woman's cap, S. B.

    mob, E.

  _Ross._


MACH, _s._ Son in law.

V. ~MAICH~.


_To_ MACHE, _v. n._ To strive.

  _Douglas._


MACKLACK, _adv._ In a clattering way.

  _Polwart._

    _Mak_, make, and _clack_, a sharp sound.


MACRELL, MAKERELL, _s._

1. A pimp.

  _Bellenden._

2. A bawd.

  _Philotus._

    Fr. _maquereau_, leno; fem. _maquerelle_.


MACKREL-STURE, _s._ The tunny, a fish.

  _Pennant._

    O. Su. G. _stur_, magnus.


_To_ MAE, _v. n._ To bleat softly, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Mae~, _s._ A bleat, S.

  _Ritson._


_To_ MAGG, _v. a._ To carry off clandestinely, Loth.

    Su. G. _miugg_, clanculum.


MAGG, _s._ A cant word for a halfpenny, pl. _maggs_; the gratuity which
servants expect from those to whom they drive any goods, Loth.

V. ~Maik~.


MAGGIES, _s. pl._ Perhaps, _maids_.

    A. S. _maegth_, virgo.

  _Philotus._


_To_ MAGIL, MAIGIL, _v. a._ To mangle.

  _Douglas._


MAGRAVE, MAGRY, _prep._ Maugre.

V. ~Mawgre~.

  _Wyntown._


MAHOUN, _s._

1. Mahomet, O. S. and E.

2. Transferred to the devil.

  _Dunbar._


MAY, _s._ A maid, a virgin, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _mey_, A. S. _maeg_, Norm. Sax. _mai_, Moes. G. _mawi_, id.


MAICH, MACH, (gutt.) _s._ Son-in-law.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _mag-us_, a son; A. S. _maeg_, id.; also a father-in-law, a
kinsman.


MAICH, _s._ (gutt.) Marrow, Ang.


MAICHERAND, _part. adj._ (gutt.) Weak, incapable of exertion, Ang.

    Su. G. _meker_, homo mollis.


MAID, _s._ A maggot, S. B.

    Teut. _made_, Belg. _maade_, id.


MAID, _adj._ Tamed.

V. ~Mait~.

  _Acts Ja. III._


MAIDEN, _s._ An instrument for beheading, nearly of the same
construction with the _Guillotine_, S.

  _Godscroft._


MAIDEN, _s._

1. The last handful of corn cut down by the reapers on a farm; this
being dressed up with ribbons, in resemblance of a young woman, S.

  _A. Douglas._

2. The feast of harvest-home, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


MAIDEN, _s._

1. The honorary designation given to the eldest daughter of a farmer, S.
B.

2. The bride's maid at a wedding, S. B.

3. She who lays the child in the arms of the parent, when presented for
baptism, Lanerks.


MAIGLIT, _part. pa._ Mangled.

V. ~Magil~.


MAIK, _s._ A cant term for a halfpenny, S.


MAIK, MAKE, MAYOCK, _s._ A match, or equal, S.

  _K. Quair._

    A. S. _maca_, Su. G. _make_, aequalis, socius.

_To_ ~Maik~, _v. n._ To match.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _mach-en_, sociare.

~Maikless~, ~Maykles~, _adj._ Matchless, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _makaloes_, id.


MAIL, MALE, _s._ A spot in cloth, especially what is caused by iron, S.

    A. S. _mal_, Teut. _mael_, macula.

_To_ ~Mail~, ~Male~, _v. a._ To stain, S.


MAIL, MEIL, MEEL, _s._ A weight equivalent to about 7½ stones Dutch,
Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Su. G. _maal_, a measure.


MAIL, _s._

1. Tribute; pl. _malis_.

  _Bellend._

2. Rent paid, in whatever way, for a farm, S.

  _Erskine._

3. Rent paid for a house, garden, &c. S.

  _Acts Sed._

Hence _house-mail_, _stable-mail_, _horse-mail_, _grass-mail_, S.

    A. S. _male_, Isl. _mala_, Ir. _mal_, tributum.

4. _To pay the mail_, to atone for a crime by suffering, S.

  _Hogg._

~Black-mail~, _s._ A tax paid by heritors or tenants, for the security
of their property, to those freebooters who were wont to make inroads
on estates.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Germ. _blackmal_, id. from Alem. _blak-en_, praedari.

~Mailer~, ~Maillar~, _s._

1. A farmer.

  _Henrysone._

2. One who has a very small piece of ground, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

~Mail-free~, _adj._ Without paying rent, S.

  _Rutherford._

~Mail-garden~, _s._ A garden, the products of which are raised for sale,
S.

~Mailin~, ~Mailing~, ~Maling~, _s._

1. A farm, S. from _mail_, as being rented.

  _Maitland P._

2. The term during which a tenant possesses a farm.

  _Baron Courts._

~Mail-man~, _s._ A farmer.

  _Baron Courts._

~Mail-payer~, _s._ The same, S. B.

  _Ross._

_To_ ~Mail~, ~Maill~, _v. a._ To rent.

  _Acts Ja. I._


MAILYIE, _s._

1. In pl., the plates or links of which a coat of mail is composed.

    Teut. _maelie_, orbiculus.

  _Douglas._

2. Network.

  _Henrysone._


_To_ MAIN, _v. a._ To bemoan, S.

V. ~Mene~, _v._

~Main~, ~Mayne~, ~Mane~, _s._ Moan, S.

  _Wallace._


MAYNDIT.

V. ~Wayndit~.

  _Wallace._


MAYNE, MANE, _s._

1. Strength of body.

  _Wallace._

2. Courage, valour.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _maegen_, Isl. _magn_, magnitudo virium.


MAINS, MAINES, _s._ The farm attached to a mansion-house, S.

  _Skene._

V. ~Manys~.

    L. B. _Mansus Dominicatus_, id.


MAYOCK, _s._ A mate.

V. ~Maik~.


MAYOCK FLOOK, a species of flounder, S.

  _Sibbald._


MAIR, MAIRE, MARE, _s._

1. An officer attending a sheriff for executions and arrestments, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

2. _Maire of fee_, a hereditary officer under the crown, whose power
resembled that of sheriff-substitute in our times.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Gael. _maor_, an officer; C. B. _maer_, a ruler; Arm. _maier_, the
head of a village; Fr. _maire_, anc. _maier_, a mayor; Alem. _mer_, a
prince.

3. The first magistrate of a royal borough.

  _Wallace._


MAIR, _adj._ More.

V. ~Mare~.


MAIRDIL, _adj._ Unwieldy, Ang.

    Apparently from Gael. _muirtamhuil_, heavy, pron. nearly as the S.
term.


MAIRATOUR, _adv._ Moreover, S. B.

  _Ross._


MAIROUIR, MAIROUR, _adv._ Moreover.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


MAIRT, _s._ Winter provision.

V. ~Mart~.


MAIS, _conj._ But; Fr.

  _Bannatyne P._


_To_ MAISE, MEYSE, _v. n._

V. ~Meise~.


MAYS, MAYSE, MAISS, _3 p.v._ Makes.

  _Barbour._


MAIST, MAST, _adj._

1. Most, denoting number or quantity, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Greatest in size, S.

  _Douglas._

3. Greatest in rank.

  _Wyntown._

    Moes. G. _maists_, A. S. _maest_, Isl. _mest_, id.

~Maist~, ~Mast~, _adv._

1. Most, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. Almost, S.

  _Shirrefs._

~Maistlins~, _adv._ Mostly, S.

V. ~Lingis~.


MAISTER, MASTER, _s._

1. A landlord, S.

  _Quon. Attach._

2. A designation given to the eldest son of a baron or viscount,
conjoined with the name from which his father takes his title, S.

  _Spalding._

3. In composition, denoting what is chief or principal in its kind; as
_maister-street_, the principal street; _mayster-man_, equivalent to
_Lord_.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. _mester_, a landholder, from _maest_, most, greatest.

~Maister~, ~Mastir~, ~Maistry~, _s._

1. Dominion.

  _Wallace._

2. Service.

  _Wallace._

3. Resistance, opposition.

  _Id._

4. Victory, S.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _maistrie_, authority, power, arrogance, superiority.

~Maistryss~, ~Mastryss~, _s._

1. Affectation of dominion.

  _Barbour._

2. Service.

  _Id._

3. Art, ability.

  _Id._

    O. Fr. _maistrise_, affectation of superiority; art, industry.

~Maisterfull~, _adj._

1. Difficult.

  _Wallace._

2. Using violence.

_Maisterfull beggaris_, such as took by force.

  _Acts Ja. II._


MAISTER, s. Stale urine, S.

_Maister laiglen_, a wooden vessel for holding urine; _maister-cann_, an
earthen vessel applied to the same use, S.

    Gael. _maistir_, id.

  _Ferguson._


MAIT, MATE, _adj._

1. Fatigued.

  _Bellenden._

2. Overwhelmed with fear.

  _Douglas._

3. Dispirited, dejected.

  _Wyntown._

4. Intoxicated.

  _Wallace._

    Teut. _matt_, fessus, id. languidus; Isl. _mod_, lassus, _maed-a_,
fatigare.


_To_ MAK, MACK, MAKE, _v. n._

1. To compose poetry.

  _Kennedy._

    Alem. _gimahh-on_, componere.

2. To avail.

_It maks na_, it does not signify, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. To assume prudish airs.

  _Peblis Play._

~Mak~, ~Make~, _s._

1. Manner.

  _Wallace._

2. A poem, or work of genius.

  _Kennedy._

~Makar~, ~Makkar~, _s._ A poet.

  _Wallace._

    Alem. _machara_, auctores.

~Making~, _s._ Poetry.

  _Dunbar._

~Makdome~, _s._

1. Shape.

  _Montgomerie._

2. Elegance of form.

  _Dunbar._

_To_ ~Make~ _to_, _v. n._ To approximate.

  _Baillie._


MAKE, _s._ Mate.

V. ~Maik~.


MAKINT, pron. _Maikint_, _adj._ Possessing assurance, S. B.

    Isl. _mak_, ease; Teut. _mak_, tame.

~Makintly~, ~Maikintly~, _adv._ Confidently, S. B.


MAKLY, _adv._ Equally.

    Isl. _makligt_, A. S. _maccalic_, fit, equal.


MALDUCK, _s._ The fulmar.


MALEGRUGROUS, _adj._ Grim; apparently discontented, S.

    Gael. _mala_, having gloomy brows, and _gruagach_, a female giant.


MALESON, MALISON, _s._ A curse, S.

    O. Fr. _maleiçon_, _maleison_, id.

  _Kelly._


MAL-GRACE, _s._ The opposite of being in a state of favour, Fr.

  _Spotswood._


MALHURE, MALLEUR, _s._ Mischance.

  _G. Buchanan._

~Mallewrus~, ~Malheurius~, _adj._ Unhappy.

    Fr. _malheureux_.

  _Douglas._


MALICE, MALE-EIS, _s._

1. Bodily disease.

  _Barbour._

2. Trouble of mind.

    Fr. _malaise_, disease; q. _malum otium_.


MALING, _adj._ Malignant.

    Fr.

  _Burel._

~Maling~, _s._ Injury, hurt.

  _Watson._


MALISON, _s._ A curse.

V. ~Maleson~.


MALLACHIE, _adj._ Denoting the colour resembling milk and water mixed,
S. B.

    A. S. _meolec_, milk; Belg. _melkachtig_, milky.


_To_ MALLAT, _v. n._ To feed.

  _Watson._

    Isl. _maul-a_, masticare; or from _maal_, a meal, and _et-a_ to eat.


MALLOW, _s._ Zastera marina, Orkn.


MALMOCK, _s._ The Fulmar, Shetl.

    Norv. id.

  _Neill._


MALVESY, MAWESIE, _s._ Malmsey wine.

    Fr. _malvoisie_, id.

  _Pitscottie._


MALVYTÉ, MAWYTÉ, _s._ Vice.

    O. Fr. _malvetie_, id.

  _Barbour._


MALWARIS, _s. pl._ Mowers.

  _Wallace._


MAMMIE, _s._

1. A childish term for a mother, S.

  _Burns._

    Teut. _mamme_, mater.

2. A nurse, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Lat. _mamma_, Teut. _mamme_, the breast.

3. A midwife, S. B.


MAMUK, _s._ A fictitious bird.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _mammuque_, id.


MAN, _s._

1. A vassal.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. Germ. &c. id.

2. One devoted to the service of another from love.

  _King's Quair._

3. A male-servant, S.

  _Baillie._

4. A husband, S.

  _R. Galloway._


MAN, _aux. v._ Must, S.

V. ~Mon~.

  _Doug._


MAND, _s._ Payment.

  _Acts Sed._

    O. Fr. _amande_, a fine.


MANDMENT, _s._ An order.

    Fr.

  _Doug._


MANDRIT, _part. adj._ Tame.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _manred_, homage.


MANE, _s._ Lamentation.

V. ~Main~.


MANE, ~Breid of mane~, a very light and savoury white bread.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _maene_, a cake of fine flour, shaped like an half moon; or
Fr. _pain d'amand_, almond biscuit.


MANELET, _s._ Corn marigold.

V. ~Guild~.


MANER, _s._ Kind.

  _Wallace._


MANG, _s._ _To mix one's mang_, to join in any thing, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. Su. G. _meng-a_, miscere.


_To_ MANG, _v. a._

1. To stupify.

  _Douglas._

_To be mang't_, to run into disorder, Ang.

2. To mar, to injure.

  _Bannatyne P._

3. To maim, to bruise.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _man-ier_, maltraiter, battre; Roquefort.

4. To overpower, Ang.

  _A. Nicol._

5. To render, or become, frantic, Ang.

  _Douglas._

    Alem. _meng-en_, deficere; or A. S. _meng-an_, miscere.


MANGE, _s._ Meat, a meal.

  _Montgomerie._

~Mangery~, _s._ A feast.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _mangerie_, repas, festin.


_To_ MANGLE, _v. a._ To smooth linen clothes by passing them through a
rolling press, S.

    Teut. _manghel-en_, polire lintea.

~Mangle~, _s._ A calender, S.

    Germ. _mangel_, id.


MANYIE, MANGYIE, MENYIE, _s._

1. A hurt, a maim, S.

  _Reg. Maj._

2. A defect, of whatever kind.

  _Id._

    Goth. _mein_, damnum, vitium.

~Manyied~, ~Mainyied~, ~Menyeit~, _part. pa._ Hurt, maimed.

  _Skene._


MANIORY, MANORIE, _s._ A feast.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _maniairia_, festin de débauche; _maniar_, manger, Roquefort.


MANYS, _s._ A mansion, a palace.

  _Doug._

    O. Fr. _manse_, L. B. _mans-us_, mansion.


_To_ MANK, _v. a._

1. To maim.

  _Wallace._

2. To impair, in whatever way, S.

    Teut. _manck-en_, L. B. _manc-are_, mutilare.

~Mank~, _adj._

1. Deficient, S.

2. _To look mank_, to seem much at a loss, S.

    L. B. _manc-us_, contractus, imminutus.

~Mank~, _s._ Want, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Mankitlie~, _adv._ In a mutilated state.

  _Crosraguel._


MANLY, _adj._ Human.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


_To_ MANNEIS, _v. a._ To menace.

  _Complaynt S._

~Mannessing~, _s._ Threatening.

  _Compl. S._


MANRENT, MANREDYN, MANRED, MORADEN, _s._

1. Homage done to a superior.

  _Barbour._

2. The power of a superior, in regard to kinsmen and vassals.

  _Bellenden._

3. _In manrent_, under engagement to support a superior.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    A. S. _manred_, id.; _man-raedene_, vassals; from _man_, and
_raeden_, law, state.


MANRITCH, _adj._ Masculine. _A manritch qweyn_, a masculine woman, S. B.

    From _man_, and A. S. _ric_, expressive of abundance in any quality.


MANSE, _s._ The parsonage-house, S.

    L. B. _mansus_, id.

  _Erskine._


_To_ MANSWEIR, MENSWEIR, _v. a._ to perjure, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _manswer-ian_, id., from _man_, scelus, and _swer-ian_, to
swear.

~Manswearing~, _s._ Perjury, S.

  _Douglas._


MANSWETE, _adj._ Meek, Lat. _mansuetus_.

  _Douglas._


_To_ MANT, MAUNT, _v. n._

1. To stutter, S.

  _Z. Boyd._

2. Applied to rough unpolished verse.

  _Polwart._

3. As _v. a._ denoting the indistinct mumbling of the Romish litany.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    C. B. Ir. _mantach_, a stutterer.


_To_ MANTEME, _v. a._ To possess.

  _Douglas._


MANTILLIS, _s. pl._ Large shields used as a covert for archers; Fr.
_mantelet_.

  _Complaynt S._


MAPAMOUND, _s._ A map of the world.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _mappemond_, L. B. _mappa mundi_.


MAR, _adj._ More.

V. ~Mare~.


MAR, _s._ Hindrance.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _mar_, damnum.


MARBEL, _adj._ Feeble, inactive, Loth.

    C. B. _marwàawl_, deadening; Gael. _meirble_, slow, weak; _marble_,
heavy, benumbed.


MARBLE BOWLS, MARBLES, _s. pl._ The play among children in E. called
_taw_, S.


MARBYR, _s._ Marble.

  _Complaynt S._

    Fr. _marbre_.


MARCHE, _s._

1. A landmark.

  _Douglas._

2. In pl. confines; as in E. _Riding the marches_, a practice retained
in various boroughs, especially at the time of public markets, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

~Marchstane~, ~March-stone~, _s._ A landmark, S.

  _Fountainhall._

    Isl. _markstein_, id.


MARCHET, _s._ The fine, which, it is pretended, was paid to a superior,
for redeeming a young woman's virginity, at the time of her marriage.

  _Reg. Maj._

    L. B. _marcheta_, O. Fr. _marchet_, id. C. B. _merch_, a daughter.


MARCHROUS. L. _marchions_, marquisses.

  _Houlate._


MARE, _s._ A hod or mason's trough, S.


MARE, _adj._ Great.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _maere_, Germ. _mar_, _mer_, id.


MARE, MAIR, _adj._

1. Greater, S.

  _Douglas._

2. In greater quantity, or number, S.

    A. S. _mare_, Isl. _meire_, id.

~Mare~, ~Mair~, _s._ More, S.

  _Wyntown._

~Mare~, ~Mar~, _adv._

1. More, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Longer.

  _Barbour._

    Sw. _mera_, adv. more.

~Mareattour~, _adv._ Moreover, S.

  _Douglas._

~Mar furth~, furthermore, S.

  _Wallace._


MARES, MARRES, _s._ Marsh.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Moes. G. _marisaius_, Belg. _maerasch_, Fr. _marais_, id.


MARENIS, MURENIS, _s. pl._ Perhaps, conger eels. Lat. _muraena_.

  _Monroe._


_To_ MARGULYIE, MURGULLIE, _v. a._ To spoil, to mangle, to mar, S.

    Fr. _margouill-er_, to gnaw.

  _Ramsay._


MARIES, _s. pl._ The designation given to the maids of honour in
Scotland.

  _Knox._

    Isl. _maer_, a maid, pl. _meijar_.


MARYNAL, _s._ A mariner.

  _Complaynt S._


MARITICKIS, MARTYKIS, _s. pl._ French soldiers, employed in S. during
the regency of Mary of Guise; from the name of the commander.


MARK, MERK, _s._ A nominal weight, Orkn.

  _Skene._

    Su. G. _mark_, a pound of thirty-two ounces.


MARK, _adj._ Dark, S. B.

V. ~Mirk~.

  _Journal Lond._

~Mark~, _s._ Darkness, S. B.

  _Watson._

~Marknes~, _s._ Darkness, S. B.

  _Burel._


MARLEYON, MARLION, _s._ A kind of hawk, E. _merlin_.

  _Dunbar._


MARMAID, MARMADIN, MEERMAID, _s._

1. The mermaid, S.

  _Complaynt S._

2. Used as a ludicrous designation.

  _Kennedy._

3. The frog fish, Fife.

  _Sibbald._

    Isl. _mar_, Germ. _mer_, the sea, and _maid_.


_To_ MARR UP, _v. a._ To keep one to work, Ang.

    Germ. _marr-en_, to grin or snarl.


MARROT, _s._ The foolish guillemot.

  _Sibbald._


MARROW, _s._

1. A companion, S.

  _Complaynt S._

2. A married partner.

  _Henrysone._

3. One of a pair.

  _Ruddiman._

4. An antagonist.

  _Pitscottie._

    Su. G. _mager_, _maghaer_, affinis.

_To_ ~Marrow~, _v. a._

1. To equal, S.

  _Ruddiman._

2. To associate with, S. B.

  _Burns._

3. To fit, exactly to match.

  _Maitl. P._

~Marrowless~, _adj._

1. Without a match, S.

2. That cannot be equalled, S.

  _Kelly._


MARSCHAL, _s._ Steward.

  _Barbour._

    Germ. _marschalk_, praefectus servorum.


MART, ~Marte~, _s._ War, or the god of war, _Mars_.

  _Douglas._


MART, ~Marte~, ~Mairt~, _s._

1. A cow or ox, fattened, killed and salted for winter provision, S.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

2. Applied to one, pampered with ease and prosperity.

  _R. Bruce._

    From _Martinmas_, the term at which beeves are usually killed for
winter store.


MARTIN (~St~) OF BULLION'S DAY, _s._ The fourth day of July O. S.,
whence our peasantry form their prognostications concerning the weather;
believing, that if this day be dry, there will be no rain for six weeks,
but if it be wet, there will be rain every day for the same length of
time, S.

_Festum Sti Martini Bullientis_, vulgo St. Martin _Bouillant_. Du Cange.


MARTIN. ~Martynis (Saint) Fowle~, apparently the ring-tail, a kind of
kite.

    Fr. _oiseau de S. Martin_.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ MARTYR, _v. a._

1. To hew down.

  _Wallace._

2. To bruise severely, S.

  _Ruddiman._

3. To bespatter with dirt, Ang.

    Fr. _martyr-er_, to put to extreme pain.


MARTRIK, MERTRIK, _s._ A marten.

    Fr. _martre_, Belg. _marter_, id.

  _Bellend._


MASE, _s._ A kind of net with wide meshes, of twisted straw ropes, laid
on the back of a horse, Orkn.

    Dan. _mask_, a mesh.


MASER, MAZER, _s._ Maple.

V. ~Mazer~.

  _Ritson._


MASHLIN, MASHLIE, MAISHLOCH, _s._

1. Mixed grain, S. _mashlum_, Aberd.

  _Stat. Gild._

    Teut. _masteluyn_, farrago.

2. The broken parts of moss; a moss of this description, S. B.


_To_ MASK, _v. a._ To catch in a net, Ayrs.

    Su. G. _maska_, Dan. _mask_, macula retis.


_To_ MASK, _v. a._ To infuse, S.

    Su. G. _mask_, a mash.

  _Chalm. Air._

~Masking-fat~, _s._ A mashing-vat, S.

~Masking-pat~, _s._ A tea-pot, S.

  _Burns._


MASKERT, _s._ _Swines maskert_, an herb, S. Clown's all-heal, S.

    Perh. q. _maskwort_, the root infused for swine.


MASSIMORE, _s._ The dungeon of a prison or castle, S. A.

  _Minstr. Bord._

    In Moorish, a subterranean prison is called _Mazmorra_.


MASSONDEW, _s._ An hospital.

    Fr. _maison Dieu_, id.

  _Acts Sed._


MAST, _adj._ Most.

V. ~Maist~.


MASTER, _s._ A landlord, S.

V. ~Maister~.


MASTIS, MASTICHE, _s._ A mastiff.

  _Douglas._


MAT, ~Mot~, _aux. v._ May.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _maa_, _maatte_, possum, potuit.


MATALENT, MATELENT, _s._ Rage.

    Fr. _mal-talent_, anger.

  _Wallace._


_To_ MATE, _v. a._ To weary out.

V. ~Mait~.

  _Douglas._


MATERIS, _s. pl._ Matrons; Lat. _matres_.

  _Douglas._


MAUCH, MACH, MAUK, _s._ A maggot, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Su. G. _matk_, Isl. _madk-ur_, id.


MAUCHY, _adj._ Dirty, filthy, S.

    Su. G. _maegtig_, mawkish.


MAUCHT, MAUGHT, MACHT, _s._

1. Strength, S.

  _Barbour._

2. In pl. ability, in whatever sense.

  _Ross._

3. Mental ability.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _macht_, _maght_, A. S. _meaht_, id.

~Mauchty~, ~Maughty~, _adj._ Powerful, S. B.

    Teut. _machtigh_. Alem. _mahtig_.

  _Ross._

~Mauchtless~, ~Maughtless~, _adj._ Feeble, S.

  _Ross._

    Sw. _maktlos_, Germ. _maghtlos_, id.


MAUK, _s._. A maggot.

V. ~Mauch~.


MAUKIN, _s._

1. A hare. S.

  _Morison._

    Gael. _maigheach_, id.

2. Metaph. a subject of discourse or disputation.

  _Boswell._


MAULIFUFF, _s._ A female without energy.

    Germ. _mal_, speech, and _pfuffen_ to blow.


_To_ MAUM, _v. n._

1. To soften and swell by means of water, S.

2. To become mellow, S.

    Teut. _molm_, caries, et pulvis ligni cariosi.

~Maumie~, _adj._ Mellow, S.


MAUN, _aux. v._ Must.

V. ~Mon~.


MAUN, used as forming a superlative, S.

  _Ferguson._

_Muckle maun_, very big or large.

    A. S. _maegen_, in composition, great or large.


MAUNDRELS, _s. pl._ Idle stuff, silly tales, Perths., Border.

    Su. G. _men_, vulgatus, and Isl. _draeft_, sermo stultus.


MAUSEL, _s._ A mausoleum.

  _Z. Boyd._


MAW. ~Sea-maw~, _s._ The common gull, S.

    Dan. _maage_, id.


_To_ MAW, _v. a._

1. To mow, S.

  _Burns._

2. To cut down in battle.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _maw-an_, Isl. _maa_, id.


MAWD, _s._ A shepherd's plaid.

V. ~Maad~.


MAWESIE, _s._

V. ~Malvesie~.


MAWGRÉ, MAUGRÉ, MAGRÉ, _s._

1. Ill-will.

  _Barbour._

2. Vexation, blame.

  _Henrysone._

3. Hurt, injury.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _maulgré_, in spite of.


MAWMENT, _s._ An idol.

  _Wyntown._

    Chaucer _maumet_, id. corr. from _Mahomet_.


MAWSIE, _s._ A drab, a trollop, S.

    Isl. _mas_, nugamentum, _masa_, nugor.


MAWN, _s._ A basket, S. B.; _maund_, E.


_To_ MAWTEN, _v. n._ To begin to spring; applied to steeped grain, S.

    Su. G. _maelt-a_, hordeum potui praeparare, from _miaell_, soft.

_To_ ~Mawten~, _v. n._ To become tough and heavy.

~Mawtent~, _part. pa._

1. Applied to grain which has acquired a peculiar taste, from not being
thoroughly dried, Lanerks.

2. Dull, sluggish, Ang.


MAZER, MAZER-DISH, _s._ A drinking-cup of mapple.

  _Z. Boyd._

    Germ. _maser_, Su. G. _masur_, the maple; Isl. _mausur bolli_, a
mazer-bowl or cup.


MAZERMENT, _s._ Confusion, Ang.

  _Ross._


MEADOWS. _Queen of the meadows_, meadow-sweet, S.


MEALMONGER, _s._ A mealman, S.


MEAT-GIVER, _s._ One who supplies another with food.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


MEATHS, _s. pl._ Maggots, S.

  _Watson._

    A. S. _matha_, vermis; S. B. _maid_, a maggot.


MEBLE, _s._ Any thing moveable.

    Fr. _meuble_, id.

  _Sir Gawan._


MEDCINARE, MEDICINAR, _s._ Physician.

  _Bellenden._


MEDE, _s._ A meadow.

    A. S. _maede_.

  _Doug._


MEDFULL, _adj._ Laudable.

  _Wyntown._


MEDIS, _v. impers._ Avails.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _maet-a_, retribuere.


MEDLERT, _s._ This world.

V. ~Myddilerd~.


MEDUART, _s._ Meadow-sweet.

  _Compl. S._

    From A. S. _med_, a meadow, and _wyrt_, E. _wort_; Sw. _mioed-oert_,
id.


MEEL-AN-BREE, Brose, Aberd.

  _Journ. Lond._


MEERAN, _s._ A carrot, Aberd.

V. ~Mirrot~.

    Gael. _miuron_.


MEETH, _adj._

1. Sultry, S. B.

  _Pop. Ball._

2. Warm, S. B.

V. ~Mait~.

  _Ross._

~Meethness~, _s._

1. Sultriness, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. Soft weather.

  _Gl. Ross._


MEGIR, _adj._ Small, meagre.

  _Pal. Hon._


MEGIRKIE, _s._ A woollen cloth worn by old men in winter, for defending
the head and throat, Ang.


_To_ MEIK, _v. a._

1. To tame.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Isl. _myk-ia_, Su. G. _moek-a_, mollire.

2. To humble.

  _Id._


MEIL, MEEL, MIEL, _s._ A weight, Orkn.

V. ~Mail~, 2.


_To_ MEILL _of_, _v. a._ To treat of.

V. ~Mel~.

  _Wallace._


MEIN, MENE, _adj._ Common.

  _Kelly._

    A. S. _maene_, Su. G. _men_, id.


MEIN, _s._ An attempt, S. B.


_To_ MEING, MENG, _v. n._ Corn is said to _meing_, when yellow stalks
appear here and there, S. B.

    A. S. _meng-ean_, to mingle.


_To_ MEIS, MESE, MEASE, _v. a._ To mitigate.

V. ~Ameiss~.

  _Douglas._


_To_ Meis, Mease, _v. n._ To become calm.

  _Kelly._


_To_ MEISE, MAISE, _v. n._ To incorporate, S. B.

    Germ. _misch-en_, to mix.


MEIS, _s._

1. A mess.

  _Douglas._

2. Meat.

  _K. Hart._

    Alem. _maz_, Su. G. _mos_, meat.


_To_ MEISSLE, _v. a._ To waste imperceptibly, Fife.

    Belg. _meusel-en_, pitissare.


MEITH, _aux. v._ Might.

V. ~Mith~.


MEITH, MEETH, METH, MYTH, _s._

1. A mark; _meid_, Ang.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _mide_, a mark, _mid-a_, to mark a place, to take observation.

2. A sign, of whatever kind, S.

  _Doug._

3. A landmark, a boundary.

  _Skene._

    A. S. _mytha_. meta, limes.

4. The boundary of human life.

  _Doug._

5. A hint, an innuendo, S. B.

V. ~Myth~, _v._


MEKYL, MEIKLE, MYKIL, MUCKLE, _adj._

1. Great, respecting size, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Much; denoting quantity or extent, S.

  _Ramsay._

    A. S. _micel_, _mucel_, Alem. Isl. _mikil_, magnus.

3. Denoting pre-eminence, S.

    Isl. _mikilmenne_, vir magnificus.

~Mekildom~, _s._ Largeness of size, S.

  _Rams._

~Mekilwort~, _s._

Deadly nightshade.

  _Bellenden._


_To_ MEL, MELL, _v. n._ To speak, to mention, S. B.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Su. G. _mael-a_, Isl. _mal-a_, A. S. _mael-an_, id.


MELDER, MELDAR, _s._

1. The quantity of meal ground at once, S.

  _Morison._

2. A salted cake, _mola salsa_.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _malldr_, molitura, from _mal-a_, to grind.


MELDROP, _s._

V. ~Mildrop~.


MELYIE, _s._ A coin of small value.

    Fr. _maille_, a halfpenny.

  _Evergreen._


MELL, _s._

1. A maul, S.

  _Ross._

2. A blow with a maul.

  _Pop. Ball._

_To keep mell in shaft_, to keep straight in any course, to retain a
good state of health, Loth.; as one cannot strike well, if the handle be
loose.

    Lat. _mall-eus_; Moes. G. _maul-jan_, to beat.


_To_ MELL, _v. a._ To mix.

V. ~Mellyne~.

  _Barbour._

_To_ ~Mell, Mel, Mellay~, _v. n._

1. To intermeddle, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To be in a state of intimacy, S. B.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

3. To join in battle.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _mel-er_, to meddle; Teut. _mell-en_, conjungi.

~Melle~, ~Mellé~, ~Mellay~, _s._

1. Contest, battle.

    Fr. _melée_, id.

  _Wallace._

2. _In melle_, in a state of mixture.

  _Sir Gawan._

~Mellyne~, ~Melling~, _s._ Mixture.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _mellange_, id.


MELL, _s._ A company.

  _Statist. Acc._

    A. S. Teut. _mael_, comitia, conventus; _mael-en_, conjungi.


MELT, _s._ The spleen, S.

  _Complaynt S._

    Su. G. _mielte_, id.

_To_ ~Melt~, _v. a._ To knock down; properly, by a stroke in the side,
where the _melt_ lies, S.

  _Gl. Complaynt._


MELTETH, MELTITH, _s._ A meal, S. _meltet_, S. B.

  _Henrysone._

    Isl. _mael-tid_, hora prandii vel coenae.


_To_ MELVIE, _v. a._ To soil with meal, S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _moelv-a_, comminuere; _miolveg-r matr_, fruges.

~Melvie~, _adj._ Soiled with meal, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._


MEMBRONIS,

L. _marlionis_, merlins.

  _Houlate._


_To_ MEMER, _v. n._ To recollect one's self.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _mymer-ian_, reminisci.


MEMERKYN, MYNMERKIN, _s._ A contemptuous term, expressive of smallness
of size.

  _Evergreen._


MEMMIT, _part. pa._ Allied.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Teut. _moeme_, _memme_, matertera, neptis.


MENARE, _s._ A mediatrix, q. _moyaner_, q. v.

  _Houlate._


MENDS, _s._

1. Atonement.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

2. Amelioration of conduct.

  _Kelly._

3. Addition.

_To the mends_, over and above, S.

  _Rutherford._

    O. E. _amends_, compensation; Fr. _amende_, in pl.


_To_ MENE, MEYNE, MEANE, _v. a._

1. To bemoan, S.

  _Barbour._

2. To _mean one's self_, to make known one's grievance.

  _Ja. VI._

3. _No to mein_, not an object of sympathy, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. To indicate pain or lameness.

  _Gl. Sibb._

_To_ ~Mene~, ~Meane~, _v. n._

1. To make lamentation, S.

  _Minstr. Bord._

2. To utter moans, S.

    A. S. _maen-an_, dolere, ingemiscere.


_To_ MENE, MEAN, MEEN, _v. a._

1. To intend, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _maen-an_, Germ. _mein-en_, intendere.

2. To esteem, to prize.

  _Douglas._

3. To make mention of.

  _Sir Egeir._

    A. S. _maen-an_, mentionem facere.

4. To make known distinctly.

  _Lyndsay._

5. To recognise.

  _Ywaine and Gawin._

6. To reflect; with _of_ or _on_.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _maen-an_, in animo habere.

7. To attempt.

  _Band Maintenance._

~Mene~, _s._ Meaning, design.

  _Douglas._

~Mene~, ~Mein~, _s._ An attempt, S. B.

  _Ross._


MENE, _adj._ Intermediate.

  _Douglas._


MENE, _adj._ Common.

V. ~Mein~.


_To_ MENG, _v. a._ To mix.

V. ~Ming~.


_To_ MENGE, _v. a._ To soothe.

    Teut. _meng-en_, temperare.


MENYEIT, _part. pa._

V. ~Manyied~.


MENYIE, MENGIE, MENYE, MENYHÉ, _s._

1. One family.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

2. A company, S. B.

  _Douglas._

3. Followers of a chieftain.

  _Barbour._

4. An army in general.

  _Douglas._

5. A multitude, applied to things, S.

  _Ferguson._

    A. S. _menegeo_, Alem. _menigi_, Isl. _meingi_, multitudo.


MENYNG, _s._ Compassion.

  _Barbour._

V. ~Mene~, to lament.


MENKIT, _pret._ Joined.

  _Dunbar._

    A. S. _meneg-an_, miscere, concumbere.


MENOUN, MENIN, _s._ A minnow, S.

  _Barbour._

    Gael. _meanan_, id.; _meanbh_, little.


MENSK, MENSE, _s._

1. Dignity of conduct.

2. Honour.

  _Barbour._

3. Discretion, S.

  _Burns._

    Isl. _menska_, humanitas; A. S. _mennisc_, humanus.

~Menske~, _adj._ Humane.

  _Sir Tristrem._

_To_ ~Mensk~, ~Mense~, _one_, _v. a._

1. To treat respectfully.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. To do honour to.

  _Lyndsay._

~Menskit~, _part. pa._ Honourably treated.

  _Gawan and Gol._

~Menskful~, ~Menseful~, _adj._

1. Manly.

  _Gawan and Gol._

2. Noble.

  _Gawan and Gol._

3. Moderate, discreet, S.

  _Ramsay._

4. Mannerly, respectful, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Menskles~, ~Mensless~, _adj._

1. Void of discretion, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Greedy, insatiable, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

3. Immoderate, S.

  _Morison._

~Menskly~, _adv._ Decently.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _mennislice_, humaniter.


MENSWORN, _part. pa._

V. ~Mansweir~.


_To_ MER, _v. a._ To put into confusion.

    Isl. _mer-ia_, contundere.

  _Wallace._


MERCAL, _s._ A piece of wood used in the construction of the Shetland
plough.

  _Statist. Acc._


MERCH, MERGH, (gutt.) _s._

1. Marrow.

  _Douglas._

2. Strength, pith, S.

  _Ferguson._

3. Transferred to mind, understanding.

  _Hamilton._

    A. S. _merg_, _maerh_, Su. G. _maerg_, id.


MERCIABLE, _adj._ Merciful.

    O. Fr.

  _King's Quair._


MERCIALL, _adj._ Merciful.

  _K. Quair._

    O. Fr. _merciaule_.


MERCIALL, _adj._ Martial.

  _Bellenden._


MERE, _s._

1. A boundary.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _maera_, Su. G. _maere_, Belg. _meer_, id.


MERE, _s._ The sea.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _mere_, Isl. _maere_, id.

~Mereswine~, ~Meer-swine~, _s._

1. A dolphin.

  _Douglas._

2. A porpoise, S.

    Teut. _maer-swin_, delphinus; Su. G. _marswin_, a porpoise.


MERGH, _s._ Marrow.

V. ~Mergh~.


MERY, _adj._ Faithful.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    The phrase _mery men_, applied to adherents or soldiers, may be
merely expressive of their hilarity in the service of their chief.
 A. S. _mirige_, cheerful.


MERGIN, _adj._ (_g_ hard). Most numerous, largest, S. B.

    Su. G. _marg_, multus.


MERK, _s._ An ancient Scottish silver coin, in value thirteen shillings
and four-pence of our money, or thirteen pence and one-third of a penny
Sterling.

  _Ruddiman._


MERK, MERKLAND, _s._ A denomination of land, from the duty formerly paid
to the sovereign or superior, S.  Shetl.

  _Statist. Acc._


MERK, _adj._ Dark.

V. ~Mark~.


_To_ MERK, _v. n._ To ride.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Arm. _marck-at_, Ir. _markay-im_, to ride; Germ. _mark_, a horse.


_To_ MERK, _v. a._ To design, S. B.

  _Doug._

    A. S. _mearc-ian_, designare.


MERKE SCHOT, the distance between the _bow markis_, in the exercise of
archery.

  _Wyntown._


MERKERIN, _s._ The spinal marrow, Ang.

    _Mergh_, marrow; and Germ. _kern_, pith; q. that which constitutes
the pith of the body.


MERLE, _s._ The blackbird; Fr.

  _Compl. S._


MERRY-BEGOTTEN, _s._ A spurious child, Ang.


MERRY-DANCERS, _s. pl._ The Aurora Borealis, S.

  _Encycl. Brit._


MERTRIK, _s._ A marten.

V. ~Martrik~.


MERVYS, mars.

V. ~Mer~.

  _Barbour._


MES, MESS, _s._ Mass, S.

  _Godly Ballads._

~Mes~, or ~Mass John~, a ludicrous designation for the minister of a
parish, S.; q. _Mass-priest_.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._


MESALL, MYSEL, _adj._ Leprous.

    Fr. _mesel_, id.

  _Bellenden._


MESCHANT, _adj._

V. ~Mischant~.


_To_ MESE, _v. a._ To mitigate.

V. ~Meis~.


MESE _of herring_, five hundred herrings.

  _Skene._

    Isl. _meis_, a bag in which fish are carried.


MESH, _s._ A net for carrying fish, S.; from the same origin with
_Mese_.


MESSAGE, _s._ Ambassadors, Fr. id.

  _Wallace._


MESSAN, MESSIN, MESSOUN, MESSAN-DOG, _s._

1. A small dog.

  _Dunbar._

2. A country cur.

  _Watson._

    From _Messina_ in Sicily, whence this species was brought; or Fr.
_maison_, a house.


_To_ MESTER, _v. a._ Perhaps, to need.

V. ~Mister~.

  _King's Quair._


MESWAND, _s._ A wedge; properly a measuring-rod.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Alem. _mez_, mensura; _wand_, virga.


MET, METT, METTE, _s._

1. Measure, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

2. A determinate measure, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Su. G. _maat_, A. S. _mete_, mensura.


_To_ METE, _v. a._ To paint.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _met-an_, pingere.


METE HAMYS, METHAMIS, _s. pl._ Manors.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _mete_, meat, and _ham_, a house.


METH, _s._ A boundary.

V. ~Meith~.


METHINK, _v. impers._ Methinks.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _me thincth_, mihi videtur.


MEW, _s._ An inclosure.

  _Ferguson._


MEWITH, _3. p. v._ Changeth;

    Fr. _mu-er_.

  _Sir Gawan._


_To_ MEWT, _v. n._ To mew, as a cat.

    Fr. _miault_, mewing.

  _Kelly._


MYANCE, _s._ Means, wages, fee.

    Fr. _moyen_, mean, q. _moyens_.


MYCHE, _adj._ Great, much.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _mycken_, id. Isl. _miok_, _mioeg_, valde.


MICHEN, _s._ Common spignel, S.

    Gael. _moiken_, id.

  _Statist. Acc._


MICHTIE, _adj._

1. Of high rank.

  _S. P. Repr._

2. Stately, haughty, S.

3. Strange, surprising; also as an _adv._ as, _michtie gude_, S. B.

    Su. G. _maagta_, very; _maagta godt_.


MID-CUPPIL, _s._ That ligament which couples or unites the two staves of
a flail, S. B.


MIDDEN, MIDDYN, MIDDING, _s._ A dunghill, S.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _midding_, Dan. _moeding_, id.

~Midden-hole~, _s._

1. A dunghill, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. A small pool beside a dunghill, in which the filthy water stands, S.

~Midden-mylies~, _s. pl._ Orrach, S. B., thus denominated, as growing on
_dunghills_. _Mylies_ is allied to Sw. _mell_, _melre_, and _molla_,
names for this herb.


_To_ MYDDIL, MIDIL, _v. n._ To mix.

    Belg. _middel-en_, intercedere.

  _Doug._


MYDDIL ERD, MEDLERT, MIDLERT, _s._ This earth.

  _Sir Gawan._

    A. S. _middan-eard_, mundus, Alem. _mittil-gard_, id.


MYDDIS, _s._ The middle.

  _Wyntown._

~Mydlen~, _adj._ Middle.

  _Wallace._

~Mydlest~, _adj._ Middlemost.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _midlaesta_, medius.

~Mydlike~, _adj._ Moderate, ordinary.

    A. S. _medlice_, modicus.

  _Barbour._

~Mid-man~, ~Midsman~, _s._ A mediator.

  _Baillie._

~Mids~, _s._

1. Means.

  _Baillie._

2. A medium between extremes.

  _Pardovan._

~Mydwart~, _s._ Middle ward of an army.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _midde_, and _weard_, custodia.

~Midwart~, ~Amidwart~, _prep_. Towards the centre.

    A. S. _midde-weard_.

  _Douglas._


_To_ MYITH, _v. a._

V. ~Myth~.


MYKIL, _adj_. Great.

V. ~Mekyl~.


MILD, _s._ A species of fish, Orkney.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Isl. _mialld-r_, piscis pulcherrimi nomen, sed captu rarus.


MILDROP, _s._

1. The mucus flowing from the nose in a liquid state; _meldrop_, South
of S.

  _Henrysone._

2. The foam which falls from a horse's mouth, or the drop at the bit,
ibid.

    Isl. _meldrop-ar_, spuma in terram cadens ex fraeno; from _mel_, a
bit, and _drop-a_, to drop.

3. The drop at the end of an icicle, or any pendent drop, ibid.


MILK, _s._ An annual holiday in a school, on which the scholars present
a small gift to their master, which has at first received its
designation from _milk_, as the principal part of the entertainment.

_To_ ~Milk~ _the tether_, to carry off the milk of any one's cows by
milking a _hair-tether_, S., a superstitious idea, also prevalent in
Sweden.

~Milker~, _s._ A cow that gives milk, S.

~Milkness~, _s._

1. The state of giving milk, S.

  _Ross._

2. Milk itself, S.

  _Ferguson._

3. A dairy, S.  A. Bor.

4. The produce of the dairy, in whatever form, S.

  _Spalding._

~Milkorts~, ~Milkworts~, _s. pl._ The root of the campanula
rotundifolia, S. B.

~Milk-syth~, _s._ A milk-strainer, S. corr. _milsie_, _milsey_.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Also called _the Sey-dish_, from _Sey_, to strain, q. v.

~Milk-woman~, _s._ A wet-nurse, S. B.


_To_ MILL _one out of a thing_, to procure it in an artful way, Loth.

    Isl. _mill-a_, lenire.


MILL, _s._ A snuff-box, properly of a cylindrical form. S.

    Isl. _mel-ia_, contundere; the box being formerly used in the
country as a _mill_ for grinding the dried tobacco leaves.


MILLER'S THUMB, _s_ The river Bullhead, S.

  _Sibbald._


MILLOIN, MILLAIN, _adj._ Belonging to mail.

  _Sir Egeir._

    Teut. _maelien;_ or perhaps made in _Milan_.


MILL-LADE, _s._

V. ~ Lade~.


MILL-LICHENS, _s._ The entry into the place where the inner mill-wheel
goes, S. B.

V. ~ Lychtnis~.

    Perh. q. the lungs or lights of a mill.


MILL-RING, _s._ The dust of a mill, S. B.


MILL-STEW, _s._ The same, S.

    Teut. _molen-stof_, pollen.


MILNARE, _s._ A miller.

  _Wyntown._

    Sw. _moelnare_, id.


_To_ MILT, _v. a._

V. ~ Melt~, _v._


MIM, _adj._

1. Prudish, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Prim, demure.

  _Ross._

3. Affecting great moderation in eating or drinking, S.

  _Ramsay._

    This seems originally the same with E. _mum_, used as an adj., mute.


MIN, MYN, _adj._ Less.

  _Kennedy._

    Su. G. _minne_, Alem. _min_, id.


_To_ MIND, _v. n._

1. To remember, S.

  _Wodrow._

    A. S. _ge-mynd-gan_, Dan. _mind-er_, meminisse.

2. To design, to intend, S.

  _Knox._

_To_ ~Mind~, _v. a._ To recollect, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

~Mind~, _s._ Recollection, S.

_To keep mind_, S. to keep in mind, E.

  _Burns._

    A. S. _ge-mynd_, Dan. _minde_, memoria.

~Myndles~, _adj._

1. Forgetful.

  _Douglas._

2. Causing forgetfulness.

  _Douglas._

3. Acting like one in a delirium.

  _Doug._


_To_ MYNDE, _v. a._ To undermine.

  _Doug._


_To_ MYNG, MYNGE, _v. a._ To mix.

  _Henrysone._

    A. S. _meng-an_, Su. G. _meng-a_, id.


_To_ MINNE, _v. a._ To contribute.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    Isl. _mynd-a_, procurare; _mund_, dos.


MINNIE, MINNY, _s._ Mother; a fondling term, S.

  _Clerk._

    Belg. _minnie_, a nurse; _minne_, love, _minn-en_, to love; Isl.
_manna_, matercula.

~Minnie's Mouthes~, _s._ Those who must be wheedled into any measure by
kindness; q. by a mother's fondling.

  _Calderwood._


_To_ MYNNIS, _v. n._ To grow less.

  _Doug._

    Su. G. _minsk-a_, id. from _min_, less.


_To_ MINT, MYNT, _v. n._

1. To aim, to take aim.

  _Douglas._

2. To attempt, S.

  _Gawan and Gal._

_To mint at_, to aim at, S.

  _Ramsay._

_To mint to_, the same.

  _Baillie._

    A. S. _ge-mynt-an_, disponere, Alem. _meint-a_, intendere.

~Mint~, ~Mynt~, s.

1. An aim.

  _Douglas._

2. An attempt, S.

_Ramsay_.

    Alem. _meinta_, intentio.


_To_ MIRD, _v. n._ To meddle, S. B.

  _Ross._

    C. B. _ymyryd_, to intermeddle.


MIRE-BUMPER, _s._ The bittern, S.

    _Mire_, and Isl. _bomp-a_, to strike against.


MYRIT, _pret._ Stupified.

  _Douglas._


MIRK, MYRK, MERK, _adj._ Dark, S. A. _mark_, S. B.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _myrk_, Su. G. _moerk_, id.

~Mirk~, ~Mirke~, _s._ Darkness, S.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _myrce_, Isl. _myrkur_, id.

_To_ ~Mirken~, ~Mirkyn~, _v. n._ To grow dark. Sw. _moerkna_, id.

  _Douglas._

~Mirklins~, _adv._ In the dark, S. B.

~Mirkness~, _s._

1. Darkness.

  _Barbour._

2. Mental darkness.

  _N. Burne._


MYRKEST, _adj._ Most rotten.

  _Wallace._

    Isl. _morkinn_, Su. G. _murken_, rotten.


MIKKY, _adj._ Smiling, merry, S. B.

  _Shirrefs._

    A. S. _myrig_, merry; or _myrg_, pleasure.


MIRKLES, _v. pl._ The radical leaves of Fucus esculentus, eaten in
Orkney.


MIRL, _s._ A crumb, S. B.

V. ~Murle~.


MIRLES, _s. pl._ The measles, Aberd.

    Fr. _morbilles_, id.


MIRLYGOES, MERLIGOES, _s. pl._ One's eyes are said to be _in the
mirlygoes_, when one sees objects indistinctly, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Perhaps q. _merrily go_, because objects seem to dance before the
eyes.


MIRROT, _s._ A carrot, S. B.

    Su. G. _morrot_, id.


MYRTRE, _adj._ Belonging to myrtle.

  _Douglas._


MYS, MYSS, MISS, _s._

1. A fault, S. B.

  _Wallace._

2. Evil, in a physical sense.

  _Sir Gawan._

    Goth. _missa_, defectus, error.


MISBEHADDEN, _part. pa._ Unbecoming or indiscreet, applied to language,
S.

    A. S. _mis_, and _behalden_ wary.


_To_ MISCALL, MISCA', _v. a._ To call names to, S.

  _Rutherford._


MYSCHANCY, _adj._

1. Unlucky, S.

  _Douglas._

2. Causing unhappiness.

  _Douglas._


MISCHANT, MESCHANT, _adj._

1. Wicked.

  _Bellenden._

2. False.

    Fr. _meschant_, id.

_Lindsay._

~Mischant~, ~Mishant~, _s._ A worthless person.

  _Polwart._

~Mischantlie~, ~Meschantlie~, _adv._ Wickedly.

  _Bp. Forbes._

~Mischantnesse~, _s._ Wickedness.

  _Godscroft._

~Mischant Youther~, a very bad smell, S.

    Fr. _meschant odeur_, id.

V. ~Prat~.


MYSEL, _adj._ Leprous.

V. ~Mesall~.


MYSELL, _v._ Myself, S. corr.

  _Wallace._

~Myselwyn~, _s._ Myself.

  _Barbour._

    From _me_ and _sylfne_, accus. of _sylfe_, ipse.


_To_ MYSFALL, _v. n._ To miscarry.

  _Barbour._


_To_ MISFAYR, ~Misfare~, _v. n._ To miscarry.

  _Douglas._

_Misfarin_, S. B. ill-grown; A. S. _mis-far-an_, male invenire, perire.

~Mysfar~, _s._ Mischance.

  _Wallace._


MISGAR, _s._ A kind of trench in sandy ground, from the action of the
wind. Orkn. Norw. _mis_ denoting defect, and _giaer_ form.


_To_ MISGRUGLE, _v. a._ To rumple; to handle roughly, S.

  _Journ. Lond._

2. To disfigure, to deform, S. B.

    Belg. _kreukel-en_, to crumple.


_To_ MISGULLY, _v. a._ To cut clumsily, to mangle, Fife; q. to use the
_gully amiss_.


MISHANTER, _s._ Misfortune, S.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _misaventure_, O. E. _mysauntre_.


MISHAPPENS, _s._ Unfortunateness.

  _Baillie._


MISHARRIT, _part. pa._ Unhinged.

  _Palice of Honour._

    A. S. _mis_, and _hearro_, a hinge.


_To_ MISKEN, _v. a._

1. Not to know, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To overlook, to neglect.

  _Compl. S._

3. To seem to be ignorant of, S.

  _Baillie._

4. To forbear, not to meddle with.

5. To refuse to acknowledge.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

6. _To misken one's self_, to forget one's proper station, S.


_To_ MYSKNAW, _v. a._ To be ignorant of.

  _Crosraguel._


MISLEARD, _adj._

1. Unmannerly, S.

  _Ferguson._

2. Mischievous, S.

  _Burns._

    _Mis_ and _lear'd_, i. e. learned.


_To_ MISLIPPEN, _v. a._ To disappoint, S.


_To_ MISLUCK, _v. n._ To miscarry.

    Belg. _misluck-en_, id.

~Misluck~, _s._ Misfortune, S.

  _Ramsay._


MISLUSHIOUS, _adj._ Rough, unguarded.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ MISMAGGLE, _v. a._ To spoil, to disorder, S. B.

V. ~Magil~.

  _Journ. Lond._


MISMAIGHT, _part. pa._ Put out of sorts, mismatched, S. from _mis_ and
_maik_, q. v.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ MISMARROW, _v. a._ To mismatch.

V. ~Marrow~, _v._


MISNURTURED, _adj._ Ill-bred.

  _Rutherford._

~Misnourtournesse~, _s._ Ill-breeding.

  _Rollocke._


_To_ MISPORTION _one's self_, _v. a._ To eat to excess, S. B.


_To_ MISSAYE, _v. a._ To rail at.

  _Baron Courts._

    Teut. _mis-seggh-en_, malè loqui alicui.


MYSSEL, _s._ A vail.

V. ~Mussal~, _v._


MISSETTAND, _part. pr._ Unbecoming.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Teut. _mis-sett-en_, male disponere.


MISSILRY, _s._ Perh. leprosy.

V. ~Mesall~.

  _Roull._


MISSLIE, _adj._ Solitary.

V. ~Mistlie~.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ MISSWEAR, _v. n._ To swear falsely, S.


MISTER, MYSTER, _s._ Craft, art.

    O. Fr. _mestier_, id.

  _Barbour._


MISTER, MYSTER, _s._

1. Necessity, S. B.

  _Barbour._

2. Want of food, S. B.

  _Ross._

3. Any thing necessary.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _mist-a_, Dan. _mist-er_, to want.

_To_ ~Mister~, _v. a._ To need, to be in want of.

  _Wallace._

_Mister'd_, reduced to difficulties, S. B.

_To_ ~Mister~, ~Mystre~, _v. n._

1. To be necessary.

  _Barbour._

2. To be in straits.

  _Balfour._

~Mystir~, _adj._ Necessary.

  _Barbour._

~Mistirful~, _adj._ Necessitous.

  _Douglas._

~Mistry~, _s._ Strait.

  _Barbour._


MISTLIE, _adj._

1. Dull, solitary, from the absence of some object to which one is
attached. Loth. Roxb.; also _misslie_.

  _Gl. Sibb._

2. Bewildered on a road, Roxb.

3. Dreary, ibid. _Eerie_ synon.

    From Su. G. _mist-a_, to want, and _lik_ expressing state or
resemblance: or Teut. _misselick_, incertus in quo errare potest.  This
closely corresponds with sense 2.


_To_ MISTRAIST, _v. n._ To mistrust.

V. ~Traist~.

  _Wallace._


_To_ MISTRYST, _v. a._ To break an engagement with, S.

V. ~Tryst~.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ MISTROW, _v. a._

1. To suspect, to mistrust.

  _Barbour._

2. To disbelieve.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _misstru-a_, Belg. _mistrouw-en_, id.

~Mistrowing~, _s._ Distrust.

    Belg. _mistrowen_, id.

  _Barbour._


_To_ MYTH, _v. a._ To measure.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _met-an_, metiri.


_To_ MYTH, MYITH, _v. a._

1. To mark.

    Isl. _mid-a_, locum signo.

  _Wallace._

2. To shew.

  _Gawan and Gol._

~Myth~, _s._ A mark.

V. ~Meith~.


MITH, MEITH, _aux. v._ Might, S. B.

    Su. G. _matha_, id.

  _Shirrefs._


MYTING, _s._

1. A term used to express smallness of size.

  _Evergreen._

    Teut. _myte_, _mydte_, acarus, a mite.

2. A fondling designation for a child, pron. q. _mitten_, Ang.


MITTALE, MITTAINE, _s._ A kind of hawk.

  _Acts Ja. II._


MITTENS, _s. pl._

1. Woollen gloves.

    Fr. _mitaine_.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

2. _To lay up one's mittens_, to beat out one's brains, Aberd.

  _Journal Lond._


_To_ MITTLE, _v. a._ To hurt or wound, S.

    Fr. _mutil-er_, Lat. _mutil-are_, id.


MIXT, _part. pa._

1. Disordered; applied to one in some degree ailing, Banffs.

2. Denoting partial intoxication, S.


MIXTIE-MAXTIE, MIXIE-MAXIE, _adv._ In a state of confusion, S.

    Su. G. _miskmask_, id.

  _Burns._


MIZZLED, _adj._ Having different colours, S.

    A. S. _mistl_, varius, Isl. _mislitt_, variegatus.


MOBIL, MOBLE, _s._ Moveable goods, S.

    Fr. _meubles_, id.

  _Douglas._


MOCH, MOCHY, _adj._

1. Moist.

  _Palice Honour._

2. Close, misty, S.

    Isl. _mokk-r_, condensatio nubium; _mugga_, aer succidus et nubilo
humidus.


MOCH, _s._ A heap.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    A. S. _mucg_, acervus.


_To_ MOCHRE, MOKRE, _v. n._

1. To heap up, to hoard.

  _Priests Peblis._

    Ital. _mucchiare_; Isl. _mock-a_, id. coacervare.

2. To be busy about trifling matters or mean work, S. B. pron. _mochre_.

3. To work in the dark, S. B.


MOCHT, _aux. v._ Might.

  _Wallace._

    Alem. _moht-a_, from _mog-en_, posse.


MODE, MWDE, _s._

1. Courage.

    A. S.  Sw. _mod_, id.

  _Wyntown._

2. Indignation.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    Su. G.  Isl. _mod_, ira, A. S. _mod-ian_, irasci.

~Mody~, ~Mudy~, _adj._

1. Bold.

  _Barbour._

    Sw. _modig_, bold, daring.

2. Pensive, melancholy.

  _Douglas._


_To_ MODERATE, _v. n._

1. To preside in an ecclesiastical court, S.

  _Acts Assembly._

2. To preside in a congregation, at the election of a Pastor, S.

  _Pardovan._

~Moderator~, _s._

1. He who presides in an ecclesiastical court, S.

  _Acts Assembly._

2. The minister who presides at the election of a Pastor, S.

  _Pardovan._

~Moderation~, _s._ The act of presiding in an election, S.


MODYR, MODER, _s._ Mother.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. Isl. &c. _moder_, Belg. _moeder_.

~Modyr-nakyd~, _adj._ Stark naked, S. _mother-naked_.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _moeder-naeckt_, id.


MODYWART, MODEWART, _s._ A mole, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _mold_, terra, and _wrot-an_, versare rostro.


MOGGANS, _s. pl._

1. Long sleeves for a woman's arms, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _mouwken_, parva manica.

2. Hose without feet, Aberd. _Hairy moggans_, Fife.

  _Journal Lond._

    Gael. _mogan_, boot-hose.


MOGH, _s._ A moth, Ang

    O. E. _mough_.


MOY, MOYE, _adj._

1. Gentle, mild.

  _Dunbar._

2. Affecting great moderation in eating or drinking; _mim_, synon.

  _Kelly._

    Gael. _modh_, modest; Dan. _moe_, a virgin.

~Moylie~, _adv._ Mildly.

  _Montgomerie._


MOYAN, _s._ A species of artillery, of a middle size.

  _Pitscottie._

    Fr. _moyen_, moderate.


MOYEN, MOYAN, _s._

1. Means for attaining any end.

  _R. Bruce._

2. Interest, S.

  _Calderwood._

3. Means of subsistence.

  _Spotswood._

_Be the moyan of_, by means of.

  _R. Bruce._

4. Temporal substance, property.

    Fr. _moyen_, a means.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

_To_ ~Moyen, Moyan~, _v. a._

1. To accomplish by the use of means.

  _R. Bruce._

2. To procure; implying diligence, S.

_A weil-moyent man_, one who has good means for procuring any thing, S.
B.

    Fr. _moyenn-er_, to procure.

~Moyener, Moyaner~, _s._ One who employs his interest for another.

  _R. Bruce._

    O. Fr. _moyennere_, mediateur.

~Moeynles~, _adj._ Destitute of interest.

  _Hume._


_To_ MOIF, _v. a._ To move.

  _Douglas._


MOYT, _adj._ Many.

  _King's Quair._

    O. Fr. _moult_, _mout_, much, Lat. _multum_.


_To_ MOKRE, _v. a._ To hoard.

V. ~Mochre~.


MOLD, _s._ The ground.

V. ~Mulde~.


MOLE, _s._ Promontory.

V. ~Mull~.

  _Barbour._


MOLLACHON, _s._ A small cheese, Stirlings.

    Gael. _mulachan_, a cheese.


MOLLAT, MOLLET, _s._

1. The bit of a bridle.

  _Dunbar._

2. The ornament of a bridle.

  _Douglas._

~Mollet-brydyl~, _s._ A bridle having a curb.

  _Bellenden._

    Teut. _muyl_, the mouth; Isl. _mull_, Su. G. _myl_, a bridle, a
curb.


_To_ MOLLET, _v. n._ Perhaps, to curb.

V. ~Mollat~.

  _Lyndsay._


MOLLIGRANT, _s._ Whining, complaining, Ang. _Molligrunt_, Loth.

    Isl. _mogl-a_, murmur, and _graun_, os et nasus.


MOLLIGRUB, MULLYGRUB, _s._ The same with _molligrant_, S.

  _Ramsay._

    _Mulligrub_ is an E. word used in a similar sense in cant language.


MOMENT-HAND, _s._ The hand of a clock or watch which marks the seconds,
S.


MON, MONE, MUN, MAUN, _aux. v._ Must.

    Isl. _mun_, id.

  _Douglas._


_To_ MONE, _v. a._ To take notice of.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _mon-ian_, animadvertere.


MONE, _s._ Mane.

    Isl. _moen_, id.

  _Palice Honour._


MONE, _s._ The moon; _meen_, Aberd.

    A. S. _mona_, Germ. _mon_, id.

  _Barbour._

~Moneth~, _s._ A month, still the pronunciation of some old people, S.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _monath_, id., from _mona_, the moon.


MONESTING, _s._ Admonition.

V. ~Monyss~.

  _Barbour._


MONY, _adj._

1. Many, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. Great, Border.

  _Complaynt S._

    A. S. _moneg_, Sw. _monga_, many.


MONYCORDIS, _s. pl._ A musical instrument.

  _Houlate._

    Gr. μονοχορδος, unica intentus chorda.


MONIPLIES, MONNYPLIES, _s. pl._ That part of the tripe of a beast which
consists of _many folds_, S.; the omasum.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._

    S. _mony_ many, and _ply_ a fold.


_To_ MONYSS, _v. a._ To warn, to admonish.

    Fr. _admonest-er_, id.

  _Barbour._


MONONDAY, MUNANDAY. _s._ Monday, S.

  _Fordun._

    A. S. _Monan daeg_, id. the day consecrated to the Moon.


MONTEYLE, _s._ A mount.

  _Barbour._

    Ital. _monticell-o_, L. B. _monticell-us_, colis.


MONTH, MOUNTH, _s._

1. A mountain.

  _Complaynt S._

2. The Grampian mountains towards their eastern extremity.

_To gang oure the Month_, to cross the Grampians, S. B.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _monte_, _munt_, a mountain.


MONTUR, _s._ Expl. saddle-horse.

    Fr. _monture_, id.

  _Sir Gawan._


_To_ MOOL, _v. a._ To crumble.

V. ~Mule~.

~Mools~, _s._

V. ~Muldis~.


_To_ MOOP, _v. n._

V. ~Moup~.


MOOR-FOWL, _s._ Red game, moor-cock, S.

  _Sibbald._


MOOR-GRASS, _s._ Potentilla anserina, S.

  _Lightfoot._


MOOSE, _s._

V. ~Mouse~.


MOOSEWEB, MOUSEWEB, _s._

1. The gossamer, S.

2. Improperly, a spider's web.

3. Metaph. phlegm in the throat or stomach, S.

  _Ferguson._

    Fr. _mousse_, moss; Teut. _mos_, moisture.


_To_ MOOTER.

V. ~Mout~ _awa'_.


MOOTH, _adj._ Misty, foggy, S. B.

    Belg. _mottig_, id. _mottig weer_, drizzling weather.


MORADEN, _s._ Homage.

V. ~Manrent~.


MORE, MOR, _adj._ Great.

  _Wyntown._


MORE, _s._ A heath.

V. ~Mure~.


MORGEOUN, _s._

V. ~Murgeoun~.


MORIANE, _adj._ Swarthy, resembling a _Moor_.

  _Diallog._

    Fr. _morien_, id. from Lat. _Mauritanus_.


MORMAIR, _s._ An ancient title of honour in S. equivalent to _Earl_;
from Gael. _mor_, great, and ~Mair~, q. v.


MORN, MORNE, _s._ Morrow; _to morne_, to-morrow; S. _the morne_, id.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _morghen_, _morgen_; Isl. _morgun_, morrow.


MORNING-GIFT, _s._ The _gift_ conferred by a husband on his wife, on the
_morning_ after marriage.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    A. S. _morgen-gife_, Germ. _morgan-geba_, Teut. _morghen-gave_, id.


MOROWING, MOROWNING, _s._ Morning.

  _Dunbar._

    Moes. G. _maurgins_, A. S. Isl. _morgen_, id.


MORT, ~a mort~, Died, or dead.

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Fr. _meurt_, 3. p. s. ind. improperly used.

~Mort~, _adj._ Fatal; _a mort cold_, i. e. a deadly cold.

  _Ruddiman._

~Mort-cloth~, _s._ The pall carried over the corpse at a funeral, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

~Mortfundyit~, _part. pa_. Cold as death.

V. ~Mort~ and ~Fundy~.

~Mortmumlingis~, _s. pl._ Prayers muttered or _mumbled_ for the dead.

  _Bannatyne P._


MORTAR, _s._

1. Coarse clay of a reddish colour, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

2. This clay as prepared for building, S.


MORTAR-STONE, _s._ A stone hollowed out, formerly used as a mortar, for
preparing barley by separating it from the husks, S.

  _Pinkerton._


MORTERSHEEN, _s._ A fatal species of glanders; q. _mort aux chien_, a
carcase for dogs.

  _Spalding._


_To_ MORTIFY, _v. a._ To give in mortmain, S.

  _Erskine._

    L. B. _mortificare terras_, id.

~Mortification~, _s._

1. The act of giving in mortmain, S.

  _Erskine._

2. Lands or money thus disponed, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


MORTYM, MORTON, _s._ Supposed to be the common martin; _mertym_, South
of S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


MORUNGEOUS, _adj._ In very bad humour; _morungeous cankert_, very
ill-humoured, S. B.


MOSINE, _s._ The touchhole of a piece of ordnance; metaph. S.
_motion-hole_.

  _Z. Boyd._


MOSS, _s._

1. A marshy place, S.

  _Barbour._

2. A place where peats may be digged, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Su. G. _mose_, _mossa_, id., locus uliginosus.

~Moss-bummer~, _s._ The Bittern, S. A., from its _booming_ sound.

~Moss-cheeper~, _s._

1. The Marsh Titmouse.

  _Sibbald._

2. The Tit-lark, S.

  _Fleming._

~Moss-corns~, _s. pl._ Silverweed, S.; also _Moss-crops_, and
_Moor-grass_.

~Moss-crops~, _s. pl._ Cotton-rush, and Hare's-tailed Rush, S.

  _Lightfoot._

~Moss-troopers~, _s._ Banditti who inhabited the marshy country of
Liddisdale, and subsisted chiefly by rapine.

  _Lay Last Minstrel._


MOSSFAW, _s._ A ruinous building, Fife.


MOT, _v. aux._ May.

V. ~Mat~.


MOTE, _s._

1. A little hill, or barrow.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _mot_, Isl. _mote_, conventus hominum, applied to a little
hill, because anciently conventions were held on eminences. Hence our
_Mote-hill_ of Scone.

2. Sometimes improperly used for a high hill.

  _Bellenden._

3. A rising ground, a knoll, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ MOTE, _v. a._

1. To pick motes out of any thing, S.

2. To _mote_ one's self, to louse, S.

3. To use means for discovering imperfections, S.

  _Douglas._


MOTH, _adj._ Warm, sultry, Loth.


MOTHER, _s._ _The mother on beer_, &c., the lees working up, S.

    Germ. _moder_, id.


MOTHER-NAKED.

V. ~Modyr-nakyd~.


MOTHER-WIT, _s._ Common sense, discretion, S.

  _Ferguson._


MOTTIE, _adj._ Full of motes.

  _Ross._


MOVIR, MOUIR, MURE, _adj._ Mild, gentle.

  _Wyntown._

    Belg. _morwe_, _murw_, Su. G. _moer_, mollis.

~Movirly~, _adv._ Mildly.

  _Wyntown._


MOULY HEELS.

V. ~Mules~.


_To_ MOULIGH, _v. n._ To whimper, to whine, Ayrs.

    Isl. _mogl-a_, to murmur.


MOUNTAIN DULSE, mountain laver, S.


MOUNTH, _s._ A mountain.

V. ~Month~.


_To_ MOUP, MOOP, _v. a._

1. To nibble, to mump, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To impair by degrees.

  _Ramsay._

    Most probably corrupted from E. _mump_.


MOUSE, _s._ The bulb of flesh on the extremity of the shank of mutton,
S. pron. _moose_.

    Teut. _muys_, carnosa pars in corpore.


MOUSE-WEB, _s._

V. ~Moose-web~.


_To_ MOUT, _v. n._ To moult, S.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Teut. _muyt-en_, plumas amittere.

_To_ ~Mout~ _awa'_ (pron. _moot_) _v. a._ To take away piecemeal, S.

~Moutit~, _part. pa._ Diminished, scanty, bare.

  _Palice Honour._


_To_ MOUTER, _v. a._ To take multure for grinding corn, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ MOUTER, (pron. _mooter_) _v. a._ The same with _mout awa'_, S.


MOUTON, _s._ A French gold coin brought into S. in the reign of David
II., having the impression of the _Agnus Dei_, which the vulgar mistook
for a sheep; hence called _mouton_.

  _L. Hailes._


MOW, MOUE, _s._ A heap, S.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _mowe_, acervus.


MOW, (pron. _moo_) _s._

1. The mouth, S.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _moue_; Su. G. _mun_, Teut. _muyl_, id.

2. A distorted mouth.

  _Roull._

3. Used in pl. in the sense of jest. _Nae mows_, no jest, S.

  _Chr. Kirk._

_To_ ~Mow~, _v. n._ To speak in mockery.

  _Lyndsay._

~Mowar~, _s._ A mocker.

  _Palice Honour._

_To_ ~Mow-band~, _v. a._ To mention, to articulate, S.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _muyl-band-en_, fiscellam ori appendere.

~Mow-bit~, _s._ A morsel, S.

  _Ferguson._

~Mow-frachty~, _adj._ Palatable, S. B.

    From _mow_, the mouth, and _fraucht_, perh. a lading.


MOWCH, _s._ A spy, an eave-dropper.

    Fr. _mousche_, _mouche_, id.

  _Lyndsay._


MOWE, _s._ Dust, S.

_peat-mowe_, peat-dust.

  _Ruddiman._


MOWE, _s._ A motion.

  _Douglas._


MOWENCE, _s._ Motion, or perhaps dependance.

    Fr. _mouvance_, id.

  _Barbour._


MOWSTER, _s._ Muster.

  _Bellenden._


MOZY, _adj._ Dark in complexion, S.

    Isl. _mos-a_, musco tingere.


_To_ MUCK, _v. a._ To carry out dung, S.

    Su. G. _mock-a_, stabula purgare.

~Muck-fail~, _s._ The sward mixed with dung, used for manure, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._

~Muck-midden~.

V. ~Midden~.


MUCKLE, _adj._ Great.

V. ~Mekil~.


MUD, _s._ A small nail, used in the heels of shoes, Loth.

    Isl. _mot_, commissura, a joining close.


_To_ MUDDLE, _v. a._ To overthrow easily and expeditiously.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Perh. a dimin. from Teut. _maed-en_, Isl. _maed-a_, secare,
desecare; q. to mow down.


_To_ MUDDLE, _v. n._ To be busy at work, properly of a trivial kind,
while making little progress, S.

    Teut. _moddel-en_, lutum movere, fodicare.


_To_ MUDGE, _v. n._ To stir, to budge, S.

~Mudge~, _s._ The act of stirring, S.

    O. Fr. _muete_, Lat. _motus_, C. B. _mud_, a motion.


MUDYEON, _s._ A motion of the countenance, denoting discontent, scorn,
&c. _mudgeon_, Renfr.

  _Montgomerie._

    Isl. _modg-a_, irritare.


_To_ MUE, or MOO, _v. n._ To low as a cow, S.

    Germ. _mu_, vox vaccae naturalis; _muh-en_, mugire.


MUFFITIES, _s. pl._ Mittens, either of leather or of knitted worsted,
worn by old men, Ang. Orkn.

    Isl. _muffa_, Dan. _moffe_, chirotheca pellita, hyberna.


MUFFLES, _s. pl._ Mittens, S.

    Fr. _mouffle_.


MUGGS, _s. pl._ A particular breed of sheep, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


MUIR, _s._ A heath, &c.

V. ~Mure~.

~Muir-burn~.

V. ~Mure-burn~.

~Muir-ill~, _s._ A disease to which black cattle are subject, S.

  _Statist. Acc._


MUIS, _s. pl._

1. Bushels.

  _Complaynt S._

    O. Fr. _mui_, a bushel; Lat. _mod-ius_.

2. Heaps, parcels.

  _Gl. Sibb._


MUIST, MUST, _s._ Musk, Border.

    Corr. from Fr. _musque_, id.

  _Douglas._


MUKERAR, _s._ A miser.

V. ~Mochre~.

  _Douglas._


MULDES, MOOLS, _s._

1. Pulverised earth, in general, S.

2. The earth of the grave, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. The dust of the dead.

  _Douglas._

    Moes. G. _mulda_, Su. G. _mull_, A. S. _mold_, dust, _mol-a_,
comminuere.

~Mulde-mete~, _s._

1. A funeral banquet.

  _Douglas._

2. The last food eaten before death.

_To give one his muld meat_, to kill him, S.

  _Ruddiman._


MULDRIE, _s._ Moulded work.

  _Palice Honour._


_To_ MULE, MOOL, _v. a._

1. To crumble, S.

    Isl. _mol-a_, id.

2. _To mule in_, to crumble bread into a vessel, for being soaked, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. _To mule in with_, to have intimacy with, q. to eat out of the same
dish, S.

  _Ross._

~Mulin~, ~Mulock~, _s._ A crum, S.

    Teut. _moclie_, offa; C. B. _mwlwg_, refuse.


MULES, _s. pl._ Kibes, chilblains, S.

    Fr. _mules_, id.


MULIS, _s. pl._ A term of contempt.

  _Montgomerie._


MULL, MAOIL, _s._ A promontory, S.

  _Barry._

    Isl. _muli_, frons montis, promontorium; Gael. _maol_, id.


MULL, _s._ A virgin.

  _Kennedy._

    A. S. _meoule_, id.  Moes. G. _mawilo_, a damsel.


MULL, _s._ A mule.

  _Knox._


_To_ MULLER, _v. a._ To crumble, S.

V. ~Mule~.


MULLIS, MOOLS, _s. pl._ Slippers, without quarters, anciently worn by
persons of rank.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _mules_, Ital. _mulo_, Teut. _muyl_, sandalium.


MULTIPLÉ, MULTIPLIE, _s._ Number, quantity.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _multiplie_, manifold.


MULTURE, MOUTER, _s._ The fee for grinding grain, S.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _mouture_, L. B. _molitura_.

~Multurer~, _s._ The tacksman of a mill, S.


MUM, _s._ A mutter, S. B.

    Teut. _momm-en_, larvam agere.


MUM CHAIRTIS, _s. pl._ Cards with figures: or for _mumchancis_;
_mumchance_, being an old game at cards.

  _Maitland Poems._


MUMMING, _s._ Perh. muttering.

  _Burel._


_To_ MUMP, _v. n._ To hint, to aim at, S.

  _Shirrefs._


MUMM'D, _part. pa._ Tingling from cold, Loth.; apparently corr. from E.
_numb_, torpid.

~Mumt-like~, _adj._ Having the appearance of stupor, Loth.


MUN, _v. aux._ Must

V. ~Mon~.

~Mundie~, _s._ Perhaps, prating fool.

    Teut. _mondigh_, loquacious.

  _Philotus._


MUNDS, _s._ The mouth. Loth.

    Germ. _mund_, id.


MUNKS, _s._ A halter for a horse, Fife.

    Isl. _mundvik_, canthus oris; Gael. _muince_, a collar.


MUNN, _s._ A short-hafted spoon, Galloway.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Perhaps from Isl. _munn_, the mouth.


MUNSIE, _s._ A designation expressive of contempt or ridicule, S. perh.
a corr. of Fr. _monsieur_, vulgarly pron. _monsie_.


MUR, _adj._

V. ~Movir~.


MURALYEIS, _s. pl._ Walls.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _muraille_, a wall.


_To_ MURDRES, MURTHREYS, _v. a._ To murder.

  _Bellend._

Moes. G. _maurthr-jan_, id.

~Murdresar~, _s._

1. A Murderer.

  _Bellend._

2. A large cannon.

  _Compl. S._

    Fr. _meurtriere_, id.


MURE, MUIR, MOR, _anc._ MORE, _s._ A heath, a flat covered with heath,
S.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _mor_, ericetum, heath-ground, Isl. _mòr_, id.

~Mure-burn~, _s._

1. The burning of heath, S.

  _Acts Ja. IV._

2. Metaph. strife, contention, S.

~Mureland~, ~Moorland~, _adj._ Of or belonging to heathy ground.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ MURGEON, _v. a._

1. To mock, by making mouths.

  _Chr. Kirk._

Fr. _morguer_, to make a sour face.

2. To murmur, to grumble, S.

~Murgeon~, ~Morgeoun~, _s._

1. A murmur, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Muttering, in reference to the Mass.

  _R. Bruce._


_To_ MURGULLIE.

V. ~Margulyie~.


MURYT, _pret._ Walled.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _mur-er_, to wall.


MURLAN, _s._ A round narrow-mouthed basket, S. B.

V. ~Murling~.

  _Pop. Ball._


_To_ MURLE, _v. a._ To moulder.

    C. B. _mwrl_, crumbling.

  _Priests Peblis._

~Murlie~, _s._

1. Any small object, Ang.

2. A fondling term for an infant, also _murlie-fikes_, Ang.


MURLING, MORTHLING, MURT, _s._ The skin of a young lamb, or of a sheep
soon after it has been shorn.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    This is merely E. _morling_, _mortling_.


MURLOCH, _s._ The young piked dogfish.

  _Statist. Acc._


MURMLED, MURBLED, _adj._ Having sore or tender feet, so as to go lame,
Loth. S. A.

    O. E. _mormall_, a sore, or swelling on the feet, or elsewhere.


_To_ MURR, _v. n._. To purr as a cat, a term applied to infants. S. B.

    Isl. _murr-a_, Teut. _murr-en_, murmurare.

~Murling~, _s._ A soft murmur, Ang.

    Su. G. _morl-a_, mussitare.


MUMRELL, _s._ Murmuring.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _murmul-en_, submurmurare.


MURRIOW, MURRIOWN, MURREON, _s._ A helmet.

  _Knox._

    Fr. morion, morrion, id.


MURTH, MORTH, _s._ Murder.

    Su. G. _mord_, id.

  _Gl. Sibb._


_To_ MUSALL, MISSEL, _v. a._ To veil.

    Su. G. _musla_, occultare.

  _Acts Ja. II._

~Mussal~, ~Myssal~, ~Mussaling~, _s._ A veil.

  _Philotus._


MUSARDRY, _s._ Musing, dreaming.

    Fr. _musardie_, id. _musard_.

  _Douglas._


MUSH, _s._ One who goes between a lover and his mistress, Fife.

    Fr. _mousche_, a fly; metaph. an eave-dropper, a promoter.

V. ~Mowch~.


MUSHINFOW, _adj._ Cruel, W. Loth. apparently q. _mischantfou_.


MUSKANE, MUSCANE, _adj._

1. Mossy. Teut. _mosch-en_, mucere.

  _Pal. Hon._

2. Putrid, rotten.

  _Bellenden._


MUSLIN-KAIL, _s._ Broth made of water, barley, and greens, S. q.
_meslin-kail_.

V. ~Maschlin~.

  _Burns._


MUSSLING, _adj._ Uncertain.

  _Z. Boyd._


MUST, _s._ Mouldiness.

  _Henrysone._

    Teut. _mos_, _mosse_, mucor.


MUST, _s._ Musk.

V. ~Muist~.


MUST, _s._ Hair-powder, or flour used for this purpose, S.; perhaps as
anciently scented with _musk_, S. _must_.


MUSTARDE-STONE, _s._ A stone used for bruising _mustard_ seed, S.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ MUSTUR, _v. n._ To make a great parade; q. To shew one's self.

  _Douglas._


_To_ MUT, _v. n._ To meet.

  _Wallace._

    Moes. G. _mot-jan_, Su. G. _moet-a_, id.


MUTCH, _s._ A head-dress for a female, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Teut. _mutse_, Su. G. _myssa_, id.


MUTCHKIN, _s._ A measure equal to an English pint, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Belg. _mutsie_, denotes a quart.


MUTE, _s._

1. Meeting.

  _Wallace._

2. A parliament, an assembly.

  _Kennedy._


_To_ MUTE, _v. n._

1. To plead; an old law term.

  _Baron Courts._

2. To treat of.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _mot-ian_, tractare, discutere.

~Mute~, ~Mote~, _s._

1. A plea.

  _Reg. Maj._

2. A quarrel.

  _Rutherford._


_To_ MUTE, _v. n._

1. To articulate.

  _Lyndsay._

2. To mention what ought to be kept secret, S.

  _Godscroft._

3. To complain, S.

  _Wallace._

    Lat. _mut-ire_, to mutter.

Used also as a _v. a._

  _Kennedy._


MUTH, _adj._ Exhausted with fatigue.

V. ~Mait~.

  _Wyntown._



N


NA, NAE, NE, _adv._ No, not, S.

    A. S. _na_, _ne_, id.

  _Barbour._


NA, NE, _conj._

1. Neither.

  _Douglas._

2. Nor.

  _Barbour._

3. Used both for neither, and nor.

    A. S. _na_, _ne_, neque, nec.

  _Douglas._


NA, _conj._ But.

  _Douglas._


NA, _conj._ Than.

  _Wallace._

    C. B. Gael. Ir. _na_, id.


NA, _adj._ No; none.

  _Barbour._


_To_ NAB, _v. a._ To strike, S.


NACHET, NACKET, _s._

1. An insignificant person.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _nacquet_, a lacquey.

2. _A little nacket_, one who is small in size, S.


NACKET, _s._

1. A bit of wood, stone, or bone, used at the game of _Shinty_, S.

    Su. G. _kneck_, globulus lapideus, quo ludunt pueri.

2. A quantity of snuff made up, or a small roll of tobacco, S.


NACKETY, _adj._

V. ~Knack~.


NACKIE, _adj._

V. ~Knacky~.


NACKS, _s._ A disease in the throat of a fowl.

V. ~Knacks~.


NAES, _nae is_, is not, S. B.


NAGUS, _s._ An abusive designation, Dunbar.

    Su. G. _Necken_, _Neccus_, Old Nick.


NAIG, _s._

1. A riding horse, S.

  _Burns._

2. A stallion, S.


NAIL. _Aff at the nail_, destitute of any regard to propriety of
conduct, S.


NAILS, _s. pl._ Refuse of wool, S. B.

  _Statist. Acc._


NAIP, _s._ The summit of a house, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _nap-ar_, prominet, _nauf_, prominentia.


NAYSAY, NA-SAY, _s._ A refusal, S.

_To_ ~Naysay~, _v. n._ To refuse, S.


NAIPRIE, _s._ Table linen, S.

  _Knox._

    Ital. _napparie_, id.


NAITHLY, _adv._ Perh. industriously.

    A. S. _nythlice_, studiosus.

  _Douglas._


NAKYN, _adj._ No kind of, S.

  _Barbour._


NAKIT, _pret. v._ Stripped.

  _Pal. Hon._


NAM, am not, q. _ne am_. Chaucer, _n'am_.

  _Sir Tristrem._


NAMEKOUTH, _adj._ Famous.

  _Doug._

    A. S. _namcutha_, nomine notus.


NANE, _adj._ No, none, S.

  _Doug._

    A. S. _nan_, id.


NANES, NANYS, _s._ For the nanys, on purpose.

    Su. G. _naenn-a_, to prevail with one's self to do a thing.


NAPPIE, _adj._ Brittle.

  _J. Nicol._

    Q. what _knaps_, or is easily broken.


NAR, _conj._ Nor.

  _Douglas._


NAR, were not.

  _Sir Tristrem._


NAR, _adj._ Nigher.

  _Poems 16th Cent._

    A. S. _near_, id.


_To_ NARR, NERR, NURR, _v. n._ To snarl as dogs, S. O.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    E. _gnar_, A. S. _gnyrr-an_, id.


NARROW-NEBBIT, _adj._ Contracted in one's views with respect to
religious matters, S.

V. ~Neb~.


NARVIS, _adj._ Belonging to Norway.

Sw. _Norwegz_, Norwegian.

  _Skene._


NAS, was not.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    A. S. _nas_, i. e. _ne was_, non erat.


NAT, _adv._ Not.

  _Douglas._


NAT, know not.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _nat_, i. e. _ne wat_, non scio.


_To_ NATCH, _v. a._ To lay hold of violently, S. B.


NATE, _s._ Use.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _not_, id.

V. ~Note~.


NATHING, _s._ Nothing, S.

  _Barbour._


_To_ NAVELL.

V. ~Neive~.


NAVEN, NAWYN, _s._ A navy.

  _Barbour._

    Germ. _nawen_, navis.


NAWISS, NAWYSS, _adv._ In no wise.

  _Barbour._


NAXTÉ, _adj._ Nasty.

  _Sir Gawan._


NE, _conj._ Neither.

V. ~Na~.


NE, _adv._ No.

V. ~Na~.


NE, _prep._ Nigh.

    A. S. _neah_.

  _Douglas._


NE WAR, Unless.

  _Douglas._

    Alem. _ne uuare_, nisi.


_To_ NE, _v. n._ To neigh.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _naey-en_, id.

~Ne~, _s._ Neighing.

  _Douglas._


NEAR-GAWN, NEAR-BE-GAWN, _adj._ Niggardly, S.

  _Ferguson._

    From _near_ and _gaand_, going.


NEASE, _s._ Nose.

  _R. Bruce._


NEATY, NEATTY, _adj._

1. Mere, S. B.

  _Ross._

2. Identical, S. B.

  _Ross._


NEB, _s._

1. The nose, used ludicrously.

_Lang-nebbit_, _Narrow-nebbit_, q. v.

_Sharp-nebbit_, having a sharp nose, S.

    A. S. _nebbe_, Isl. _nef_, nasus.

2. The beak of a fowl, S.

  _Kelly._

    A. S. Belg. _nebbe_, rostrum.

3. Applied to the snout.

  _Kelly._

4. Any sharp point, S.


NECE, _s._ Grand-daughter.

V. ~Neipce~.


NECKIT, _s._ A tippet for a child, S. B.


NECK-VERSE, _s._ The beginning of the 51st psalm, _Miserere mei_. &c.

  _Lay Last Minstr._


NEDMIST, _adj._ Undermost, S.

    A. S. _neothemest_, id.


NEDWAYIS, _adv._ Of necessity.

    A. S. _neadwise_, necessary.

  _Barbour._


NEEDLE-FISH, _s._ The shorter pipe-fish.

  _Sibbald._


NEEF, _s._ Difficulty.

  _P. Buch. Dial._

    A. S. _naefde_, want.


NEERDOWEIL, _s._ One whose conduct gives reason to think that he will
_never do well_, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ NEESE, _v. n._ To sneese, S.

    A. S. _nies-an_, Belg. _niez-en_, id.


_To_ NEESHIN, _v. n._ To desire the male, S. B.

V. ~Eassin~.


NEFFIT, _s._ A pigmy, S. pron. _nyeffit_.

    Belg. _nufje_, a chit; or from _neive_.


_To_ NEYCH, NICH, NYGH, NYCHT, (gutt.) _v. a._ To approach.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Moes. G. _nequh-jan_, A. S. _nehw-an_, id.


NEIDE, _s._ Necessity.

  _Wallace._


NEID-FYRE, _s._

1. Fire produced by the friction of two pieces of wood, S.

  _Gl. Complaynt._

    A. S. _nyd_, force, and _fyr_, fire; q. forced fire.

2. Spontaneous ignition, S.

  _Bellenden._

3. The phosphoric light of rotten wood, S. A.

  _Gl. Complaynt._

4. A beacon, S. A.

  _Lay Last Minstr._


NEIDFORSE, _s._ Necessity.

  _Compl. S._

    Q. the _necessity_ arising from _force_.


NEIDLINGIS, _adv._ Of necessity.

  _Doug._


_To_ NEIDNAIL, _v. a._

1. To fasten by clinched nails, S.

2. A window is _neidnail'd_, when so fastened with nails in the inside,
that the sash cannot be lifted up, S.

    Sw. _net-nagla_, to rivet; from _naed-a_, to clinch, and _nagla_, a
nail.


NEIGRE, _s._ A term of reproach, S. borrowed from Fr. _negre_, a negro.


NEIPCE, NECE, _s._ A grand-daughter.

    Lat. _neptis_, id.

  _Skene._


NEIPER, _s._ Corr. of E. _neighbour_, S. B.

  _Ross._


_To_ NEIR, NERE, _v. a._ To approach.

  _Douglas._

    Germ. _naher-n_, propinquare.


NEIRS, NERES, _s. pl._ The kidneys, S.

  _Lyndsay._

    Isl. _nyra_, Su. G. _niure_, Teut. _niere_, ren.


NEIS, NES, _s._ The nose, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _naese_, _nese_, Su. G. _naesa_, id.

~Neis-thyrle~, ~Nes-thryll~, s. Nostril, S.

    A. S. _naes-thyrlu_.

  _Douglas._


NEIST, NAYST, NEST, NIEST, _adj._ Nearest, S.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _neahst_, Su. G.  Dan. _naest_, id.

~Neyst~, _prep._ Next.

  _Wyntown._

~Neist~, _adv._ Next, S.

  _Ramsay._


NEIVE, NEIF, _s._

1. The fist, S.; pl. _neiffis_, _nevys_, _newys_, _newffys_.

  _Douglas._

_To fald the nieve_, to clinch the fist, S.

2. _Hand to nieve_, hand and glove, S.

  _R. Galloway._

    Isl. _nefi_, _knefe_, Su. G. _knaef_, _naefwe_, id.

~Nievefu'~, ~Neffow~, _s._ A handful, S.

    Su. G. _naefwe full_, id.

  _Burns._

~Nivvil~, _s._ The same, S. B.

_To_ ~Nevell~, ~Navell~, ~Neffle~, _v. a._

1. To strike with the fists, S.

  _Philotus._

    Su. G. _hnuff-a_, pugnis impetere.

2. To take hold with the fist, S.

    Isl. _hnyf-a_, pugno prendo.

~Nevel~, ~Nevvel~, _s._ A blow with the fist, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Nevelling~, ~Neffelling~, _s._ Fistiecuffs, S.

  _Knox._

_To_ ~Neiffar~, ~'Niffer~, _v. a._ To barter; properly, to exchange what
is held in one _fist_, for what is held in another, S.

  _Rutherford._

~Neiffer~, ~Niffer~, _s._ A barter, S.

  _Burns._

~Niffering~, i. e. The act of bartering.

  _Rutherford._


_To_ NEK, _v. a._ To prevent receiving check, a term at chess.

  _Montgomerie._

    Su. G. _nek-a_, to refuse.


NEPUOY, NEPOT, NEPHOY, NEPHEW, NEVO, NEVW, NEWU, _s._

1. A grandson.

  _Wyntown._

Lat. _nepos_, a grandson.

2. A great grandson.

  _Douglas._

3. Posterity, though remote.

  _Douglas._

4. A brother's or sister's son.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _nepos_, _brother sune_, vel _suster sune_.

5. Any relation by blood.

  _Wyntown._


NER, NERE, _prep._ Near, S.

    A. S. _ner_, Su. G.  Dan. _naer_.

~Nerhand~, ~Near hand~, _prep._ Near, S.

  _Barbour._

~Nere hand~, _adv._ Nearly.

  _Wyntown._

~Ner til~, _prep._ Near to, S.

~Ner-sichtit~, _adj._ Shortsighted, S.

    Su. G. _naarsynt_, id.


NES, _s._ A promontory; _ness_, S.

  _Doug._

    A. S. _nesse_, Su. G. _naes_, Belg. _neus_, id.

~Nes-thryll~.

V. ~Neis-thyrle~.


NESS. S. pl. _nessis_, Vallies.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _nessas_, loca depressa.


NET, _s._ The _omentum_, the caul, S.

    Teut. _net_, A. S. _net_, _nette_, id.


NETH, _prep._ Below.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _neothan_, Su. G. _ned_, infra.


NETHELES, _conj._ Nevertheless.

    A. S. _na the laes_, id.

  _Douglas._


NETHIRMARE, _adv._ Farther down.

    A. S. _nither_, and _mare_, more.

  _Doug._


NETHRING, _s._ Depression.

V. ~Nidder~.

  _Barbour._


NEUCHELD, (gutt.) _part. pa._ With calf, Perths.


_To_ NEVELL, _v. a._ To strike with the fist.

~Nevell~, _s._ A stroke of this kind.

V. ~Neive~.


NEVEW, NEVO, NEVOW.

V. ~Nepuoy~.


_To_ NEVIN, NEUIN, NYVIN, _v. a._ To name.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Isl. _nafn_, Dan. _naffn_, a name; _naevner_, to name.


NEVYS, _pl._ Fists.

V. ~Neive~.


_To_ NEW, _v. a._ To renovate.

    A. S. _neow-ian_, id.

  _Gawan and Gol._


NEWCAL, _s._ A cow _newly calved_, Loth.

  _Ramsay._


NEW'D, _part. pa._ Oppressed, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _nu-a_, conterere, the same with _gny-a_, subigere.


NEWYN, Renewing; or perh. naming.

  _Wallace._


NEWINGS, _s. pl._ Novelties.

  _Rutherford._


NEWIT, _part. pa._ Renewed.

V. ~New~.


NEWIS, NEWYS, NEWOUS, _adj._

1. Earnestly desirous, Loth.

2. Parsimonious, covetous, greedy, Loth.

    A. S. _hneaw_, tenax, O. E. _niggish_, covetous; Su. G. _nidsk_,
_nisk_, avarus, parcus.


NEWLINGIS, _adv._ Newly; S. _newlins_.

  _Barbour._


NEWMOST, _adj._ Nethermost, S. B.

    A. S. _neothemest_, id.

  _Journ. Lond._


NEWTH, _prep._ Beneath.

V. ~Neth~.

  _Barbour._


_To_ NYAFF, _v. n._

1. To yelp, to bark, S.

2. Applied to the pert chat of a saucy child, or of any diminutive
person, S.

V. ~Niffnaffs~.


_To_ NIB, _v. a._ To press or pinch with the fingers.

  _Montgomerie._

    Isl. _hneppe_, coarcto.


* NICE, _adj._ Simple.

  _Bannatyne P._

    Fr. _niais_, simple.

~Niceté~, ~Nyceté~, _s._ Simplicity.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _nice_, dull, simple; _niceté_, simplicity.


_To_ NICH, NYGH, _v. a._

V. ~Neych~.


NYCHBOUR, NYCHTBOUR, _s._ A neighbour.

  _Bellenden._

    A. S. _neah-ge-bure_, Germ. _nach-bauer_, _neah_, _nach_, nigh, id.;
and _ge-bure_, _bauer_, an inhabitant.


_To_ NICHER, NEIGHER, (gutt.) NICKER, _v. n._

1. To neigh, S.

  _Rams._

    A. S. _gnaeg-an_, Isl. _hnaegg-ia_, id.

2. To laugh in a loud and ridiculous manner, S.

  _Minstr. Bord._

~Nicher~, ~Nicker~, _s._

1. A neigh, S.

  _Minstr. Bord._

2. A horse laugh, S.


NYCHLIT, _pret. v._ Uncertain.

  _Houlate._


NYCHTYD, _pret._ Drew to night.

  _Wyntown._

    Su. G. Isl. _natt-as_, ad noctem vergere.


_To_ NICK, _v. n._ To drink heartily, S. B.


_To_ NICKER, _v. n._

V. ~Nicher~.


NICKSTICK, _s._ A tally, S.

  _Trans. Antiq. Soc._

    S. _nick_, a notch, and _stick_.


NICKET, _s._ A small notch.

  _Gl. Sibb._


NICK-NACK, _s._

1. A gim-crack, S.

2. Small wares, S. B.

  _Morison._


NICNEVEN, _s._ The Scottish Hecate or mother-witch.

  _Montgomerie._


_To_ NIDDER, NITHER, _v. a._

1. To depress, S.

  _Ross._

2. To straiten; applied to bounds.

  _Douglas._

3. _Niddered_, pinched with cold, Ang. Loth.

4. Pinched with hunger, S.

5. Stunted in growth, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._

6. Plagued, warmly handled, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    Su. G. _nedr-as_, _nidr-as_, deprimi; Teut. _ver-nedr-en_, id.


_To_ NIDDLE, _v. n._

1. To trifle with the fingers, S.

2. To be busily engaged with the fingers, without making progress, S.

    Isl. _hnudl-a_, digitis prensare.


NIEVE, _s._ The fist, S.

V. ~Neive~.


_To_ NIFFER, _v. a._

V. ~Neive~.


NIFFNAFFS, (pron. _nyiffnyaffs_), _s. pl._

1. Small articles of little value, S.

2. Denoting a silly peculiarity of temper, displayed by attention to
trifles, S.

    Fr. _nipes_, trifles, Sw. _nipp_, id.

_To_ ~Nifnaff~, _v. n._ To trifle, to speak or act in a silly way, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ NIGHT, _v. n._ To lodge during night.

    Isl. _natt-a_, pernoctare.

  _Spalding._


NIGNAYES, NIGNYES, _s. pl._

1. Gim-cracks, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Whims, peculiarities of temper or conduct, S.

  _Cleland._


NYKIS, _3. p. pres. v._

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Perhaps allied to Su. G. _nek-a_, to deny.


NILD, L. _could_.

  _Maitland Poems._


NYMNES, _s._ Neatness.

  _Burel._


_To_ NIP, NIP _up_, or _awa_, _v. a._ To carry off cleverly by theft, S.

  _Ross._

    Isl. _knippe_, raptim moto.

~Nip~, ~Nimp~, _s._ A small bit of anything, S.

    Su. G. _nypa_, id.

~Nip~, _s._ A bite, a term used in fishing, S.

~Nipcaik~, _s._ One who eats delicate food clandestinely, S.

  _Dunbar._

~Nippit~, _adj._

1. Niggardly, S.

    Su. G. _napp_, Isl. _hnepp-er_, arctus.

2. Scanty in any respect, S.

  _Lyndsay._

~Niplug~, _s._ _To be at niplug_, to quarrel, S.


NIPSHOT, _s._ _To play nipshot_, to give the slip.

  _Baillie._

    Perhaps, q. to _nip_ one's _shot_.

V. ~Shot~.


NIRL, _s._

1. A crumb, S.

2. A small knot, S. B.

3. A puny dwarfish person, S. B.

    Teut. _knorre_, tuber, E. _knurle_.

~Nirled~, _adj._ Stunted; applied to trees, Loth.


NIRLES, _s. pl._ A species of measles, S. which has no appropriate name
in E.

  _Montgomerie._


NISBIT, _s._ The iron that passes across the nose of a horse, and joins
the _branks_ together, Ang.

    From _neis_, nose, and _bit_.


_To_ NYTE, _v. n._ To deny.

  _Douglas._

    Isl. _neit-a_, Dan. _naegt-er_, id.


_To_ NYTE, _v. a._ To strike smartly.

V. ~Knoit~.


NITHER, NIDDER, _adj._ Nether, S.

    Isl. _nedre_, id.

  _Ruddiman._


_To_ NITHER, _v. a._

V. ~Nidder~.


NITTIE, NEETIE, _adj._ Niggardly, covetous, S.

    Su. G. _gnetig_, Mod. Sax. _netig_, id.


_To_ NYVIN, _v. a._ To name.

V. ~Neven~.


NYUM, Houlate.

L. _nyvin_, name.


NIVLOCK, _s._ A bit of wood, round which the end of a hair-tether is
fastened, S. B.

    From _nieve_, Su. G. _naefwe_, the fist, and _lycka_, a
knot.


NIVVIL, _s._

V. ~Neive~.


NIXT HAND, _prep._ Nighest to.

  _Doug._


NIZ, _s._ The nose, Ang.

V. ~Neis~.


NIZZELIN, _part. adj._

1. Niggardly, S. B.

2. Spending much time about a trifling matter, from an avaricious
disposition, S. B.

    Su. G. _nidsk_, _nisk_, covetous.


NOB, _s._ A knob.

  _Houlate._


NOBLAY, _s._

1. Nobleness, faithfulness.

  _Barbour._

2. Courage, intrepidity.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _noblois_, nobilitas.


NOBLES, _s._ The armed bullhead, Loth.


NOCHT, _adv._ Not.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _naht_, _noht_, nihil.

~Nocht for thi~, _conj._ Nevertheless.

  _Barbour._


NOCK, NOK, NOKK, _s._

1. The notch of a bow or arrow.

  _Douglas._

2. The extremity of the sailyard.

  _Doug._

3. The notch of a spindle, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Teut. _nocke_, crena, incisura.

~Nockit~, ~Nokkit~, _part. adj._ Notched.

  _Doug._


NOCKIT, NOKKIT, _s._ A luncheon, S. Aust.


_To_ NODGE, _v. a._ To strike with the knuckles, S. B.

V. ~Gnidge~ and ~Knuse~.


_To_ NOY, _v. a._ To annoy.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _noy-en_, _noey-en_, id.

~Noyit~, _part. pa._

1. Vexed, S.

2. Wrathful, S. B.

~Noy~, _s._ Annoyance.

  _Barbour._

~Noyis~, _s._ Annoyance.

  _Wyntown._

~Noyous~, _adj._ Noisome.

  _Houlate._


NOYRIS, NORYSS, NURICE, _s._ Nurse, S. _noorise_.

  _Wallace._

    Norm. Sax. _norice_, Fr. _nourisse_, id.


_To_ NOIT, NYTE, _v. a._ To strike smartly, S.

V. ~Knoit~.


NOK, _s._ A notch.

V. ~Nock~.


NOLD, would not.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _nolde_, noluit.


NOLDER, _conj._

V. ~Nouther~.


_To_ NOLL, NULL, _v. a._ To press, beat or strike with the knuckles, S.
B.

    Alem. _knouel_, a knuckle.

~Noll~, _s._ A strong push or blow with the knuckles, S. B.

V. ~Neive~, ~Nevell~.

~Noll~, _s._ A large piece of any thing, S. B.

    Su. G. _knoel_, tuber, a bump.


NOLT, NOWT, _s._

1. Black cattle.

2. A stupid fellow, S.

  _Surv. Moray._

    Isl. _naut_, Sw. _noet_, an ox.

~Nolthird~, _s._ A neatherd, S.

  _Douglas._


NOME, _pret._ Taken.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _nim-an_, to take; part. _nom._


NONE, _s._

1. Noon.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _non_, Fr. _none_, id.

2. Dinner.

  _Diallog._


NON-FIANCE, _s._ Want of confidence.

  _Baillie._

    Fr. _non_, neg. and _fiance_, confidence.


NON-SOUNT, _s._ A base coin.

  _Knox._

    Fr. _Messieurs de non sont_, men who are imperfect in a physical
sense.


NOR, _conj._ Than, S.

  _Dunbar._


NORIE, _s._ The Puffin, Orkn.

  _Statist. Acc._


NORIES, _s. pl._ Whims, Perths.

    Sw. _narr-as_, illudere.


NORYSS, _s._ Nurse.

V. ~Noyris~.


NORLAN, NORLIN, NORLAND, _adj._ Belonging to the North country, S. B.

  _Percy._

    Isl. _nordlingr_, Dan. _nordlaend-r_, id.

~Norlins~, _adv._ Northward, S. B.

  _Ross._


NORLICK, KNURLICK, _s._ A tumor occasioned by a blow, S. A.

    E. _knurl_, a knot.

  _Journal Lond._


NORTHIN, NORTHYN, _adj._ Northerly.

  _Complaynt S._


NOSEWISS, _adj._

1. Having an acute smell, S.

2. Metaph. denoting one, who either is, or pretends to be, quick of
perception.

  _Bp. Galloway._

    Germ. _naseweis_, self-witted, critical.


NOST, _s._ Noise; speculation about any subject, S. B.

    Su. G. _knyst-a_, mussitare; Isl. _hnist-a_, stridere.


NOT, know not.

V. ~Nat~.

  _Douglas._


_To_ NOTE, _v. a._

1. To use, S. B.

  _Doug._

    A. S. _not-ian_. Isl. _niot-a_, id.

2. To use as sustenance, S. B.

    Teut. _nutt-en_, uti; vesci; Isl. _nautin_, eating, _neitte_,
vescor.

3. To need, Ang. Mearns.

  _Ruddiman._

~Note~, ~Nott~, _s._

1. Use.

  _Douglas._

2. Occasion for, S. B.

    Alem. _not_, Su. G. _noed_, id.


NOTELESS, _adj._ Unnoticed, S. B.

  _Gl. Shirr._


NOTOUR, NOTTOUR, _adj._

1. Notorious, S.

    Fr. _notoire_.

  _Pardovan._

2. Avowedly persisted in, notwithstanding all warnings, S.

  _Erskine._


NOURISKAP, _s._

1. The place of a nurse, S.

2. The fee given to a nurse, S.

    From A. S. _norice_, a nurse, and _scipe_. Su. G. _skap_, denoting
state.


NOUT, _s._ Black cattle.

V. ~Nolt~.


NOUTHER, NOWTHIR, NOLDER, _conj._ Neither, S.

  _Douglas._


NOUVELLES, NOUELLES, _s. pl._ News, S.

  _Complaynt S._


NOW, _s._ The crown of the head.

    A. S. _hnol_, vertex.

  _Polwart._


NUB BERRY, _s._ The Knoutberry.

  _Stat. Acc._


NUCE, NESS, _s._ Destitute, Aberd.

  _Ib._

    Su. G. _noed_, necessity, _nisk_, parsimonious.


NUCKLE, _adj._ Applied to a cow which has had one calf, and will calve
soon again.

V. ~Newcal~.


NULE-KNEED, _adj._ Knock-kneed, S. perhaps q. _knuckle-kneed_.

V. ~Noll~.


NUMMYN, _part. pa._

1. Taken.

  _Doug._

2. Reached, attained.

V. ~Nome~.


NUNREIS, _s._ A nunnery.

  _Bellenden._


NURIS, _s._ A nurse.

V. ~Noyris~.


_To_ NUSE, _v. a._ To knead.

V. ~Knuse~.



O


O, _art._ One, for _a_.

  _Sir Tristrem._


O, _s._ Grandson.

V. ~Oe~.


OAM, _s._ Steam, vapour.

    Su. G. _em_, _im_, vapour.


OAT-FOWL, _s._ The name of a small bird, Orkn.

  _Stat. Acc._


_To_ OBFUSQUE, _v. a._ To darken, Fr.


OBIT, _s._ A particular length of slate, Ang.


_To_ OBLEIS, OBLYSE, _v. a._ To bind, to oblige.

_Oblist_, part. pa. stipulated.

  _Douglas._


OBLIUE, _s._ Oblivion.

  _Douglas._


OBSERVE, _s._ A remark, S.

  _Wodrow._


OCHIERN, _s._ One equal in dignity with the son of a Thane.

  _Reg. Maj._

    Gael. _oge-thierna_, the young lord.


OCKER, OCCRE, OKER, _s._

1. Usury.

2. Interest, even when legal.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

    Su. G. _ockr_, _okr_, increase, usury; Teut. _oecker_.

~Ockerer~, _s._ An usurer.

  _Reg. Maj._

    Sw. _ockrare_, id.


OCTIANE, _adj._ Belonging to the ocean.

  _Douglas._


ODAL LANDS.

V. ~Udal~.


ODIN. _Promise of Odin_, a promise of marriage, or particular sort of
contract, accounted very sacred by some of the inhabitants of Orkney,
the contracting parties joining hands through an orifice in the _Black
Stone of Odin_.

  _Trans. S. Antiq. S._


ODOURE, _s._ Nastiness.

  _Douglas._


OE, O, ~Oye~, _s._ A grandson, S.

  _Wallace._

    Gael. _ogha_, id. Ir. _ua_, id.


O'ERBLADED, _part. pa._ Hard driven in pursuit.

V. ~Blad~.

  _Watson._


O'ERCOME, _s._ The overplus, S.

  _Ramsay._


O'ERWORD, _s._ Any term frequently repeated, S.


OFFSET, _s._ A recommendation, S.

  _Ramsay._


OFTSYIS, _adv._ Often.


OGART, _s._ Pride, arrogance.

  _Wallace._

    Sw. _hogfard_, Alem. _hohfart_, pride.


OGERTFUL, OGERTFOW, UGERTFOW, _adj._

1. Nice, squeamish, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

2. Affecting delicacy of taste, S. B.

  _Beattie._

    A. S. _oga_, Isl. _uggir_, fear, horror.


OHON, _interj._ Alas, S.

    Gael.


OYE, _s._ Grandson.

V. ~Oe~.


OIL ~of~ HAZEL, a sound drubbing, S.


OYL-DOLIE, _s._ Oil of olives.

    Fr. _huile d'olive_.

  _Chron. S. P._


_To_ OYNT, OYHNT, _v. a._ To anoint.

  _Wyntown._


OYSE, OYCE, _s._ Inlet of the sea.

  _Brand._

    Isl. _oes_, Su. G. _os_, ostium fluminis.


_To_ OYSS, _v. a._ To use.

  _Wallace._

~Oyss~, ~Oys~, _s._

1. Custom.

  _Wyntown._

2. Manner of life.

  _Wallace._


OIST, _s._ Army, Fr. _ost_.

  _Douglas._


OIST, _s._ A sacrifice, Lat. _host-ia_.

  _Doug._


OLDER, _conj._ Either.

V. ~Othir~.

  _Crosraguel._


OLY, OLY-PRANCE, _s._ Jollity.

  _Peblis Play._


OLYE, OYHLÉ, OULIE, ULYE, _s._ Oil; S. B. _ulie_.

  _Douglas._

    Belg. _olie_, Fr. _huile_, id.


OLIGHT, OLITE, _adj._ Nimble, active, S. B.

  _Kelly._

    Su. G. _oflaett_, too light; fleet.


OLIPHANT, _s._ An elephant.

  _K. Quair._

    Teut. _olefant_, O. Fr. _oliphant_, id.


OMAST, _adj._ Uppermost.

V. ~Umast~.

  _Wallace._


OMNE-GATHERUM, _s._ A miscellaneous collection, a medley, S.

  _Leg. St Androis._


ON, in composition, a negative particle, S. B.

    Germ. _ohn_, id.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


ONANE, ON-ANE, ONON, _adv._

1. One in addition.

  _Douglas._

2. Forthwith.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _on-an_, in unum, continuo.


ON-BEAST, UNBEIST, VNBEASTE, _s._

1. A monster.

  _Sir Eglamour._

2. Any wild or ravenous creature, S. B.

  _Z. Boyd._

3. The toothach, S. B.

4. A noxious member of human society, Ang.


ON BREDE, _adv._

1. Wide open.

  _Douglas._

2. Extensively.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _on_, in, and _braed_, latitudo.


ONCOME, _s._ A fall of rain or snow, S.


ONCOST, _s._

1. Expence before profit, Loth.

2. Extra expence, Fife.


ONDANTIT, _part. pa._ Untamed.

  _Complaynt S._


ONDING, _s._ A fall of rain or snow, but especially of the latter, S.
B.

V. ~Ding on~.


ONEITH, _adj._ Uneasy.

V. ~Uneith~.


ONESCHEWABIL, _adj._ Unavoidable.

  _Douglas._


ONFALL, _s._ A fall of rain or snow, S.


ONFALL, _s._ A disease which attacks without any apparent cause.

    Germ. _unfall_, casus extraordinarius, sed fatalis.


ONFEIRIE, _adj._ Infirm.

V. ~Unfery~.


ONGOINGS, _s. pl._ Procedure, S. _ongains_, S. B.


ONY, _adj._ Any, S.

  _Wyntown._


ONKEND, _part. adj._ Not known.

  _Knox._


ONMAUEN, _part. adj._ Unmown.

  _Complaynt S._


ONSTEAD, _s._ The building on a farm, S. A.

  _Pennecuik._

    A. S. _on_, and _sted_, locus.


_To_ ONTER, _v. n._ To rear, used of horses.

  _Pitscottie._


ON-WAITER, _s._ One who waits patiently.

  _Rutherford._


ONWAITING, _s._

1. Attendance, S.

  _Wodrow._

2. Patient expectation of what is delayed.

  _Rutherford._


_To_ ONTRAY, _v. a._ To betray.

  _Sir Gawan._

    _On_ and Fr. _trah-ir_, to betray.


ONWALOWYD, _part. pa._ Unfaded.

  _Wyntown._


OO, _s._ Wool, S.

_Aw ae oo_, S. all to the same purpose.


OON, UNE, _s._ An oven, S.

  _Gordon._

    Moes. G. _auhn_, S. G. _ugn_, id.


OON EGG, _s._ An addle egg, S. O.

    Sw. _wind-egg_, id.

  _Mary Stewart._


_To_ OOP, OUP, WUP, _v. a._ To bind with a thread or cord, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Moes. G. _waib-jan_, Su. G. _wef-wa_, to surround.


OORIE, OURIE, OWRIE, _adj._

1. Chill, bleak, S.

2. Having the sensation of cold, S. _Ourlach_, id. Buchan.

  _Burns._

3. Having the hair on end, S. A.

  _Gl. Sibb._

    Isl. _ur_ rain, Su. G. stormy weather.

~Ooriness~, _s._ Tendency to shivering, S.


OPINIOUN, _s._ Party, faction.

  _Bellend._

    L. B. _opinio_, id.


_To_ OPPONE, _v. a._ To oppose, Lat. _oppon-ere_.

  _Knox._


_To_ OPTENE, _v. a._ To obtain.

  _Douglas._


OR, _adv._

1. Before, ere, S.

  _Barbour._

_Or thys_, before this time.

  _Douglas._

_Or than_, before that time.

  _Id._

2. Rather than, S.

  _Barbour._

    The same with _ar_, before.


OR, _conj._

1. Lest.

  _Wallace._

2. Than.

  _Douglas._


ORAGIUS, _adj._ Tempestuous.

  _Burel._

    Fr. _orageux_, id.


ORATOUR, _s._ Ambassador.

  _Bellend._


ORATOURE, ORATORY, _s._ An oracle.

  _Douglas._


ORCHLE, _s._ A porch, Mearns.

    Germ. _erker_, projectura aedificii.


ORD, _s._ A steep hill or mountain.

    Gael. _ard_, a hill; Isl. _urd_, montes impervii.


ORE, _s._ Grace, favour.

  _Sir Tristrem._

    Isl. _oor_, _aur_, largus, munificus; _aur oc blidr_, largus et
affabilis, Verel.


ORERE, OURERE, _interj._ Avaunt.

    Fr. _arriere_, aloof.

  _Houlate._


ORETOWTING, _part. pr._ Muttering.

    Teut. _oor-tuyt-en_, susurrare.

  _Burel._


ORFEVERIE, ORPHRAY, _s._ Work in gold, Fr.

  _K. Quair._


ORISON, _s._ An oration.

  _Bellend._

    Fr. _oraison_, id.


ORLEGE, ORLAGER, ORLIGER, _s._

1. A clock, a dial.

    Fr. _horloge_, Lat. _horolog-ium_, id.

2. Metaph. applied to the cock.

  _Doug._

3. Denoting strict adherence to the rules of an art.

  _Douglas._

4. The dial-plate of a church or town-clock. S.


ORLANG, _s._ A complete year, Ang.

    Su. G. _aar_, _or_, annus, and _lange_, diu.


ORNTREN, _s._ The repast taken between dinner and supper, Galloway.

    A. S. _ondern_, breakfast; also dinner.


_To_ ORP, _v. n._ To fret, or chide habitually, S.

  _Ramsay._

~Orpit~, _part. adj._

1. Proud.

  _Douglas._

2. Fretful, habitually chiding, S.

  _Bp. Galloway._


ORPHANY, _s._ Painters gold.

    Fr. _oripeau_, id.

  _Pal. of Hon._


ORPHELING, _s._ An orphan.

    Fr. _orphelin_, id.

  _Knox._


ORPHIR, _s._ Embroidery.

    Fr. _orfrais_, id.

  _Burel._


ORPIE, ORPIE-LEAF, _s._ Orpine, S.


ORROW, ORA, _adj._

1. Not matched, S.

2. What may be viewed as an overplus, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. Not appropriated.

  _Shirrefs._

4. Not engaged, S.

5. Occasional, accidental, S.

    Su. G. _urwal_, rejectanea; _urfiall_, lacinia agri separata.

~Orrows~, _s. pl._ Things that are supernumerary, S.; _orels_, Ang.

    Perh. q. _over alls_.


_To_ ORT, _v. a._

1. To throw aside provender, S.

2. To crumble, S. B.

3. Denoting rejection in whatever sense, S. O.

    Ir. _orda_, a fragment.


OSAN, _s._ Hosannah.

  _Poems 16th Cent._


OSNABURGHS, _s. pl._ Coarse linen cloth manufactured in Angus, from its
resemblance to that made at _Osnaburgh_ in Germany, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


OSZIL, OSILL, _s._ The ring-ousel, S. A.

    A. S. _osle_, the blackbird.

  _Compl. S._


OSTYNG, _s._ Encampment.

  _Wallace._


OSTLEIR, OSTLER, _s._ An innkeeper.

V. ~Hostillare~.

  _Dunbar._


OSTRYE, OSTRÉ, _s._ An inn.

  _Wallace._

    Ital. _hostaria_, Fr. _hostelerie_, id.


OTHEM UPOTHEM, cold flummery, used instead of milk, with boiled
flummery, Aberd.; q. _of them_, as well as _upon them_.


OTHIR, OTHIRE, ODYR, _adj._

1. Other.

  _Wyntown._

2. The second, also _tothir_.

  _Wyntown._

3. Each other, S.

  _Wyntown._


OTHIR, OWTHYR, _conj._ Either, S.

    Isl. _audr_, Germ. _oder_, id.

  _Bellend._

~Othir~, _adv._ Besides.

  _Douglas._

~Othirane~, _conj._ Either, _etherane_, _etherins_, S.

  _Wallace._


OTTER-PIKE, _s._ The common weever.

  _Sibbald._


OUER, OUIR, OVIR, _adj._

1. Upper, _uvir_, S. B.

  _Douglas._

2. Superior, as to power. The _uvir hand_, the upper hand, S. B.

    Su. G. _oefwerhand_, id.

  _Wyntown._

~Ouerance~, _s._ Superiority.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._


OUER, _prep._ Over.

V. ~Our~.


OUER ANE, _adv._ In common.

_Al ouer ane_, all together.

  _Douglas._


_To_ OVERBY, _v. a._ To procure indemnity from justice by money.

  _Priests Peblis._


_To_ OURFLETE, _v. n._ To overflow.

    Teut. _over-fleit-en_, superfluere.

  _Doug._


OUERFRETT, _part. pa._ Embroidered.

    A. S. _fraet-wan_, ornare.

  _Douglas._


OUERHEDE, _adv._ Without distinction, S.

_ourhead_, in the gross.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _oefwer hufud_, id.


_To_ OUERHEILD, _v. a._ To cover over.

V. ~Heild~.

  _Douglas._


_To_ OUERHIP, _v. a._ To skip over.

V. ~Hip~, _v._

  _Douglas._


OVERLY, _adj._ Careless, superficial, S.

    A. S. _overlice_, negligenter.


OUERLYAR, _s._ One who oppresses others, by taking free quarters.

  _Acts Ja. II._


OUERLOFT, _s._ The upper-deck of a ship.

  _Douglas._


OUERMEST, _adj._ The highest.

  _Doug._


OVER-RAGGIT, _part. pa._ Overhaled.

  _Priests Peblis._

    Dan. _over_ and _rag-er_, to stir.


OUER-RAUCHT, _pret._ Overtook.

  _Douglas._


_To_ OUER-REIK, _v. a._ To reach over.

  _Douglas._


_To_ OUERSET, _v. a._

1. To overcome.

  _Douglas._

2. To overpower, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _ofer-swith-an_, praevalere.


_To_ OUERSYLE.

V. ~Oursyle~.


OVERSMAN, OUREMAN, _s._

1. A supreme ruler.

  _Wyntown._

2. An arbiter.

  _Wallace._

3. A third arbiter, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._

    Teut. _over-man_, a praefect.


OUERSWAK, _s._ The reflux of the waves.

V. ~Swak~.

  _Douglas._


OUER THWERT.

V. ~Ourthort~.


OUER-VOLUIT, _part. pa._ Laid aside.

  _Douglas._


OUGHTLINS, _adv._ In the least degree, S.

  _Ramsay._


OUGSUM, _adj._ Horrible.

V. ~Ugsum~.


OULIE, _s._ Oil.

V. ~Olye~.


OULK, OWLK, _s._ A week; S. B. _ouk_.

    A. S. _uca_, _wuca_, id.

  _Bellenden._


OULTRAIGE, _s._ An outrage.

    O. Fr. _oultrage_, id.

  _Complaynt S._


OUR, OURE, OUER, OWRE, _prep._

1. Over, beyond, &c., S.

  _Barbour._

2. Denoting excess, S. Sometimes used as a _s._


OURBELD, _part. pa._ Covered over.

V. ~Beld~.

  _Houlate._


_To_ OURCOME, _v. n._ To recover, S.

  _Dunbar._


OURCOME, O'ERCOME, _s._ Overplus, S.

  _Ramsay._


OURE-MAN, _s._

V. ~Ouersman~.


_To_ OURGAE, OURGANG, _v. a._

1. To overrun, S.

2. To exceed, to surpass, S.

  _Ramsay._

3. To master, S.

  _Many._

4. _v. n._ To elapse.

_The ourgane year_, the past year, S.

    A. S. _ofer-gan_, excedere.


_To_ OURHARL, _v. a._ To overcome.

  _Maitland Poems._


_To_ OURHYE, _v. a._ To overtake.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _ofer_ and _hig-an_, to make haste.


OURIE, _adj._ Chill.

V. ~Oorie~.


OURLAY, OWRELAY, _s._ A cravat, S.

  _Ramsay._


OURLORD, OURE-LARD, _s._ A superior.

  _Wallace._


OURLOUP, OURLOP, _s._ An occasional trespass of cattle.

  _L. Hailes._

    A. S. _ofer-leop-an_, transire.


OURNOWNE, _s._ Afternoon.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _ofer non_, id.


OUR QUHARE, _adv._

V. ~Quhare~.


OURRAD. L. _Our rad_. Too hasty.

  _Wallace._

    A. S. _ofer_, nimis, and _hraed_, celer.


OUR-RYCHT, OURYCHT, _adv._ Awry.

  _Dunbar._

    Q. _beyond_ what is _right_, Fland. _over-recht_, praeter rectum.


_To_ OURRID, _v. a._ To traverse.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _ofer-ryd-an_, equo aut curru transire.


_To_ OURSYLE, OUERSYLE, OVERSILE, _v. a._

1. To cover, to conceal.

V. ~Sile~.

  _Hudson._

2. Also rendered, to beguile.


OURTANE, _part. pa._

1. Overtaken, S.

2. Overtaken by justice, brought to trial.

  _Barbour._


OURTHORT, OUERTHWERT, OUERTHORTOURE, _prep._ Athwart; _athort_, S.
_ourter_, Dumfr.

  _Wallace._

    Sw. _twert oefwer_, id. inverted.


OURTILL, _prep._ Above, beyond.

  _Dunbar._


_To_ OUR-TYRVE, OWR-TYRWE, _v. a._ To turn upside down.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _tyrv-a_, to overwhelm.


_To_ OURWEILL, _v. a._ To exceed.

  _Evergreen._

    A. S. _ofer-well-an_, superfluere.


OURWORD, OWERWORD, _s._

1. Any word frequently repeated, S.

  _Burns._

2. The burden of a song.

  _Dunbar._


OUSEN, OWSEN, _pl._ Oxen, S.

  _Burns._

    Moes. G. _auhsne_, id. _auhs_, bos.

~Ousen milk~, _sowens_, or flummery not boiled; used instead of milk,
Dumfr.


OUT, OWT, _adv._ Completely.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ OUT, _v. a._ To expend; or, to find vent for.

  _Rutherford._

~Outing~, _s._ A vent for commodities.

  _Id._


_To_ OUT, _v. n._ To issue.

  _Barbour._


OUT-ABOUT, _adv._ Out of doors, S.

  _Ross._


OUT-BY, _adv._

1. Abroad, without, S.

2. Out from, at some distance, S.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _ut_, ex, extra, and _by_, juxta.


_To_ OUT-BRADE, _v. a._ To draw out.

_To_ ~Outbrade~, _v. n._ To start out.

V. ~Brade~.


OUTBREAKING, _s._

1. Eruption on the skin, S.

2. An open transgression of the law of God, S.

  _Rutherford._


_To_ OUTBULLER, _v. n._ To gush out with a gurgling noise, S.

  _Douglas._


OUTCAST, _s._ A quarrel, S.

  _Rutherford._


OUTCOME, OUTCUM, _s._

1. Egress.

  _Barbour._

2. Termination, S.

  _R. Galloway._

3. Increase, product, S. Belg. _uytkomen_, to come out.

4. That season in which the day begins to lengthen.

  _Watson._


OUTFALL, _s._ A contention, S.

  _Pennant._

    Sw. _utfall_, a hostile excursion.


OUTFIELD, _adj._ and _s._ Arable land, which is not manured, but
constantly cropped.

  _Statist. Acc._


OUTFORNE, _pret. v._ Caused to come forth.

  _Montgomerie._

    A. S. _utfore_, egressus est.


OUTGAIT, OUTGATE, _s._

1. A way for egress.

  _Douglas._

2. Escape from hardship of any kind.

  _R. Bruce._


OUTGANE, _part. pa._ Elapsed, S.

  _Acts Ja. I._


OUT-HAUAR, _s._ One who carries or exports goods from a country.

  _Acts Ja. I._


OUTHIR, _conj._ Either.

V. ~Othir~.


OUTHORNE, _s._

1. The horn blown for summoning the lieges to attend the king in _feir
of were_.

  _Acts Ja. II._

2. The horn blown to summon the lieges to assist in pursuing a fugitive.

  _Acts Ja. I._

3. The horn of a sentinel.

  _Maitland P._


OUTHOUSE, _s._ An office-house, S.

    Sw. _uthus_, id.


OUTLAY, _s._ Expenditure, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Sw. _utlagg-a_, to expend.


OUTLAK, _prep._ Except.

  _K. Hart._

    _Out_ and _lack_, to want.


OUT-LAIK, OUT-LACK, _s._ The superabundant quantity in weight or
measure.

  _Gl. Sibb._


OUTLER, _adj._ Not housed, S.

  _Burns._

~Outler~, _s._ A beast that lies without, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._


OUTLY, _s._ Applied to money which _lies out_ of the hands of the owner,
S.


OUTLY, _adv._ Fully, S. B.

  _Ross._


OUTLYER, OUTLAIR, _s._ A stone not taken from a quarry, but _lying out_
in the field, S.


OUT-THE-GAIT, _adj._ Honest; q. one who keeps the straight road, S.


OUT-OUR, OUT-OWRE, _adv._

1. Over, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Out from any place, S.


OUTOUTH, _prep._

V. ~Outwith~.


OUTQUENT, _part. pa._ Extinguished.

V. ~Quent~.

  _Douglas._


OUT-RAKE, _s._

1. Expedition.

V. ~Raik~.

2. An extensive walk for sheep or cattle, S.

  _Gl. Sibb._


OUTRANCE, _s._ Extremity.

  _Maitland P._

    Fr. _oultrance_, id.


_To_ OUT-RED, _v. a._

1. To extricate, S.

2. To finish any business, S. B.

3. To clear off debt.

  _Mellvill's MS._

    Isl. _utrett-a_, perficere negotium.

~Outred~, _s._

1. Rubbish, S.

2. Clearance, finishing, S. B.

  _Ross._


OUTREYNG, _s._ Extremity.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _outrer_, to carry things to extremity.


OUTSCHETT, _part. pa._ Excluded.

  _Palice Honour._

    A. S. _ut_ out, and _scytt-an_, obserare.


OUTSET, _s._

1. Commencement, S.

2. The publication of a book, S.


OUTSHOT, _s._ A projection, S.

    Sw. _utskiutande_, id. _skiut-a ut_, to project, Belg.
_uytschiet-en_, id.


OUTSIGHT, _s._ Goods, or utensils out of doors, S.

  _Erskine._


OUTSPECKLE, _s._ A laughing-stock.

  _Minstrelsy Border._


OUTSPOKEN, _adj._ Given to freedom of speech, S.


OUTSTRIKING, _s._ An eruption, S.


OUTSUCKEN, _s._

1. The freedom of a tenant from bondage to a mill, S.

  _Erskine._

2. Duties payable by those who are not _astricted_ to a mill, S.

  _Id._

~Outsucken~, _adj._ Used in the same sense, S.

V. ~Sucken~.

  _Id._


OUT TAK, OWTAKYN, OWTANE, _prep._

1. Except.

  _Douglas._

    _Tane_ or _taken out_.

2. Besides, in addition.

  _Barbour._


OUTTERIT, _pret._ Ran out of the course.

    Fr. _oultrer_, to run through.

  _Lyndsay._


OUTWAILE, OUTWYLE, _s._ Refuse, S.

    Isl. _utvel-ia_, eligere.

  _Henrysone._


_To_ OUTWAIR, _v. a._ To expend.

V. ~Ware~.

  _Arbuthnot._


OUTWITH, OWTOUTH, WTOUTH, _prep._

1. Without, on the outer side.

  _Bellenden._

2. Outwards, out from.

  _Barbour._

3. Separate from.

  _R. Bruce._

    Sw. _utot_, outwards; A. S. _oth_, versus; frequently used in
composition.

~Outwith~, _adv._

1. Abroad, S.

  _Ross._

2. Outwards.

  _Barbour._


OUZEL, OUSEL, _s._ The Sacrament of the Supper, Peebles.

    E. _housel_, A. S. _husl_, the sacrifice of the Mass; Isl. _husl_,
oblatio.


OWE, _prep._ Above.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _ufa_, Isl. _ofa_, supra.


_To_ OWERWEIL, _v. a._

V. ~Ourweill~.


OWKLY, _adj._ Weekly, S.

V. ~Oulk~.

  _Macneill._


_To_ OWRE-HALE, _v. a._ To overlook.

  _Montgomerie._

    Sw. _oejwerhael-ja_, to cover.


OWRESKALIT, _part. pa._ Overspread.

V. ~Skale~.

  _Dunbar._


OWREHIP, _s._ A blow with the hammer brought over the arm, S. O.

  _Burns._


OWRIE, _adj._ Chill.

V. ~Oorie~.


_To_ OWRN, _v. a._ To adorn.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _orn-er_, id.


OWT, _adj._ Exterior.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _yte_, exterus.


OWTH, _prep._ Above, over.

  _Wyntown._


OWTING, _s._ An expedition.

  _Barbour._


OXEE, OX-EYE, _s._ The Tit-mouse, S.

  _Complaynt S._


OXGATE, OXENGATE, _s._ An ox-gang of land.

  _Skene._

    From _ox_ and _gate_, iter.


OXPENNY, _s._ A tax in Shetl.

  _Stat. Acc._


OXTAR, OXTER, _s._

1. The armpit, S.

  _Bellenden._

2. Used in a looser sense for the arm, S.

    A. S. _oxtan_, Teut. _oxtel_, id.

  _Dunbar._


OZELLY, _adj._ Swarthy, resembling an _ousel_, Loth.



P


_To_ PAAK, _v. a._ To beat.

V. ~Paik~.


PAAL, _s._ A post, S. B.

    A. S. _pal_, Su. G. _paale_.


PAB, _s._ The refuse of flax, Loth. _pob_, S. B.

  _Ess. Highl. Soc._


PACE, _s._

1. The weight of a clock, S.

2. Used metaphorically.

  _Rutherford._


PACK, _adj._ Intimate, S.

  _Burns._

    Su. G. _pack-a_, constringere.


PACKALD, _s._ A pack.

  _Rutherford._

    Belg. _pakkaadie_, luggage.


PACKHOUSE, _s._ A warehouse for receiving goods, S.

    Teut. _packhuys_, id.


PACKMAN, _s._ A pedlar, one who carries his _pack_, S.


PACT, _s. To spend the pact_, to waste one's substance; _to perish the
pact_, S.

  _Maitland Poems._


PADDLE, _s._ The Lump fish, Orkn.


PADDOCK-HAIR, _s._

1. The down that covers unfledged birds, S.

2. The down on the heads of children born without hair, S.

    Teut. _padden-hayr_, lanugo.


PADDOCK-PIPES, _s. pl._ Marsh horse-tail, S.

  _Lightfoot._


PADDOCK-RUDE, _s._ The spawn of frogs, S. also _paddock-ride_.

  _Ramsay._


PADDOCK-STOOL, _s._ The Agaricus in general; especially the varieties of
the Agaricus fimetarius, S.

    Teut. _padden-stoel_, fungus.


PADE, _s._

1. A toad.

  _Sir Gawan._

2. Apparently a frog.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _pade_, Germ. Belg. _padde_, id.


PADELL, _s._ Expl. "a small leathern bag."

  _Bannatyne Poems._

    Teut. _buydel_, bulga.


PADYANE, PADGEAN, _s._ A pageant.

  _Dunbar._


PAFFLE, _s._ A small possession in land, Perths.

    Isl. _paufe_, angulus.

  _Stat. Acc._

~Paffler~, _s._ One who occupies a small farm, Perths.

  _Statist. Acc._


PAGE, _s._ A boy.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ PAY, _v. a._ To satisfy.

  _Wallace._

    Fr. _pay-er_, Teut. _pay-en_, id.

~Pay~, _s._ Satisfaction.

  _Priests Peblis._

~Pay~, _s._ Drubbing, S. _pays_.

  _Barbour._

    C. B. _puyo_, verbero.


PAY. Perh. region.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Fr. _pais_, id.


PAID, _s._

1. A path, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Alem. _paid_, via.

2. A steep ascent.

V. ~Peth~.


_To_ PAIK, _v. a._ To beat, to drub, S. _paak_, S. B.

    Germ. _pauk-en_, to beat.

  _Baillie._

~Paik~, ~Paick~, _s._ A stroke; in pl. _paiks_, a drubbing, S.

    Isl. _pak_, Su. G. _paak_, fustis, baculus.

~Paikie~, _s._ A piece of doubled skin, used for defending the thighs
from the _stroke_ of the _Flauchterspade_, by those who cast turfs or
_divots_, Mearns.


PAIK, _s._ A trick.

  _Leg. St Androis._

    A. S. _paec-an_, decipere.


PAIKER, _s. Calsay paiker_, a street-walker.

  _Lyndsay._


PAIKIE, _s._ A female street-walker, S.

    Isl. _piaeck-ur_, a vagabond; _troll-packa_, a witch.

~Paikit-like~, _adj._ Having the appearance of a trull, S.


PAILES, Leslaei Hist.

V. ~Pele~.


PAILIN, PAILING, _s._ A fence made of stakes, S.

    Lat. _pal-us_, a stake.


PAILYOWN, PALLIOUN, _s._ A pavilion.

  _Barbour._

    Gael. Ir. _pailliun_, Fr. _pavillon_.


PAYMENT, _s._ Drubbing, S.

  _Barbour._


PAINCHES, _s. pl._ Tripe, S.

V. ~Penche~.


_To_ PAYNE, PANE, _v. n._ To be at pains.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _se pein-er_, to trouble one's self.


PAYNE, _adj._ Pagan.

    Fr. _payen_.

  _Doug._


PAYNTIT. L. _paytent_, patent.

  _Bannatyne P._


PAIP, _s._ Thistledown?

  _Montgomerie._

    Fr. _pappe_, id.; or q. _papingay_, q. v.


PAIP, _s._ A cherry-stone picked clean, and used in a game of children,
S.

    E. _pip_; Fr. _pepin_, the seed of fruit.


_To_ PAIR, _v. a._

V. ~Pare~.


PAIRTLES, _adj._ Free from.

  _Henrysone._


PAIS, _s. pl._ Retribution.

  _Bannatyne P._


_To_ PAIS, PASE, _v. a._

1. To poise.

  _Douglas._

2. To lift up.

  _Chr. Kirk._

    Fr. _pes-er_, Ital. _pes-are_, to weigh.

~Paisses~, _s. pl._ The weights of a clock, S.

V. ~Pace~.

  _Z. Boyd._


PAYS, PAS, PASE, PASCE, PASK, PASCH, _s._ Easter; pron. as _pace_, S. B.
elsewhere as _peace_.

  _Wyntown._

    Moes. G. _pascha_, A. S. _pasche_, &c. id.

~Pascheewyn~, _s._ The evening preceding Easter.

  _Barbour._

~Pays-eggs~, Eggs dyed of various colours, given to children to amuse
themselves with at the time of Easter, S.

    Dan. _paaske-egg_, coloured eggs; Belg. _pasch-eyeren_, ova
paschalia.

~Patsyad~, _s._ A contemptuous term for a female who has nothing new to
appear in at Easter; originating from the custom which prevails among
Episcopalians, of having a new dress for this festival, S. B.

    From _Pays_, and perh. _yad_, an old mare.


PAITHMENT, _s._ The pastures.

  _Wallace._

    O. Fr. _padou-ir_, L. B. _padu-ire_, to pasture; whence _padouen_
and _paduentum_, pasture.


PAITLATTIS, _s. pl._ Uncertain.

  _Dunbar._


PALAD, _s._

V. ~Pallat~.


PALAVER, _s._ Idle talk, S.

    Hisp. _palabra_, Fr. _palabre_, a word.

_To_ ~Palaver~, _v. n._ To use a great many unnecessary words, S.


_To_ PALE, _v. a._ To make an incision in a cheese, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Flandr. _poel-en_, excavare.

~Pale~, _s._ The instrument used for trying the quality of a cheese, S.


PALYARD, _s._ A lecher, a rascal.

    Fr. _paillard_, id.

  _Lyndsay._

~Palyardry~, s. Whoredom.

  _Douglas._


PALL, PEAL, _s._ Any rich or fine cloth.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Isl. _pell_, textum pretiosum; O. Fr. _paile_, sericum.


PALLACH, PALLACK, _s._

1. A porpoise, S.

  _Sibbald._

2. A lusty person, S. B.

  _Journ. Lond._


PALLALL, PALLALLS, _s._ A game of children, in which they hop on one
foot through different triangular spaces chalked out, driving a bit of
slate or broken crokery before them, S.; in E. _Scotch-hop_.


PALLAT, PALAD, _s._ The crown of the head, S.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _palet_, sorte d'armure de tête; Roquef.


PALLET, _s._ A ball.

    Fr. _pelotte_, id.

  _Burel._


PALLET, _s._ A sheep's skin not dressed, S. B.

    E. _pelt_, Su. G. _palt_, a garment.


PALM-SONDAY, _s._ The sixth Sabbath in Lent, S.

  _Wyntown._

    A. S. _palm sunnan daeg_.


PALM, PALME, _s._ The index of a clock or watch, S.

  _Z. Boyd._

    Fr. _paulme_, or E. _palm_, used as _hand_, S. to denote the index
of any time-piece.


PALTRIE, _s._ Trash.

V. ~Peltrie~.


PALWERK, _s._ Spangled work.

    Fr. _paille_, id.

  _Sir Gawan._


PAMPHIL, _s._

1. A square inclosure made with stakes, Aberd.

V. ~Paffle~.

2. Any small house, ibid.


_To_ PAN, _v. n._ To correspond, to tally, to unite; A. Bor. id. from
_pan_, a cross-beam in the roof of a house, closing with the wall.

  _Maitland P._


PAN, _s._ A hard impenetrable crust below the soil, S.; _till_,
_ratchel_, synon.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Teut. _panne_, calva, q. the skull of the soil.


PANASH, _s._ A plume worn in the hat.

    Fr. _panache_, id.

  _Colvil._


_To_ PANCE, PANSE, PENSE, _v. n._ To meditate.

  _Dunbar._

    O. Fr. _pans-er_, id.


PAND, _s._ A pledge, Belg. Synon. _wad_.

  _Douglas._


_To_ PANDER, _v. n._ Corr. from ~Pawmer~, _v._ Perths.


PANDOOR, _s._ A large oyster, caught at the _doors_ of the _salt-pans_,
S.

  _Statist. Acc._


PANE, _s._ Stuff, cloth.

  _Houlate._

    A. S. _pan_, lacinia, pannus.


PANE, _s._ Furr; Fr. _panne_, id.

  _Sir Tristrem._


_To_ PANE, _v. n._

V. ~Payne~.


PANFRAY, _s._ A palfrey.

  _Burr. Lawes._

    Fr. _palefroi_, id.


_To_ PANG, _v. a._

1. To throng, S.

  _Rams._

2. To cram, in general, S.

  _Ferguson._

3. To cram with food to satiety, S.

  _Ross._

    Teut. _bangh-en_, premere.

~Pang~, _adj._ Crammed.

  _Evergreen._


PAN-KAIL, _s._ Broth made of coleworts hashed very small, thickened with
a little oat-meal, S.


PANNEL, _s._ One brought to the bar of a court for trial, S.

  _Erskine._

    E. _panel_, a schedule, containing the names of a jury.


PANS, _s. pl._ The timbers of a house, extending between the _couples_,
parallel to the walls, S.

    Su. G. _tak-panna_, shingles; _paann_, scandula, a lath, a shingle.


PANS, PANSE, covering for the knee.

  _Acts Ja. I._


PANST, _part. pa._ Cured.

  _Montgomerie._

    Fr. _pans-er_, to apply medicines.


PANTENER, _adj._ Rascally.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _pautonnier_, a lewd, stubborn, or saucy knave, Cotgr.


PANTOUN, _s._ A slipper.

  _Dunbar._


PAP ~of the~ HASS, _s._ The uvula, S.


PAPE, PAIP, _s._ The Pope.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. Germ. _pape_, Lat. _pap-a_, id.


PAPEJAY, PAPINGAY, PAPINGOE, _s._

1. A parrot.

  _King's Quair._

    Belg. _papegaai_, Fr. _papegay_, id.

2. A wooden bird, resembling a parrot, at which archers shoot as a mark,
West of S.

3. Applied to the amusement itself, ibid.

  _Statist. Acc._


_To_ PAPPLE, _v. n._

1. To bubble up like water, S. B.

V. ~Pople~.

2. To be in a state of violent perspiration, Lanerks.

3. Denoting the effect of heat on any fat substance toasted before the
fire, Renfr.


PAPPANT, _adj._

1. Wealthy, Ang.

2. Extremely careful of one's health, Banffs.

3. Pettish from indulgence, S. B.


PAR, _s._ The Samlet, S.

  _Smollet._


_To_ PAR, _v. n._ To fail.

V. ~Pare~.

  _Wallace._


PARAGE, _s._ Lineage, Fr.

  _Douglas._


PARAGON, _s._ A rich cloth imported from Turkey.

  _Watson._

    Fr. _parangon de Venise_, id.


PARAMUDDLE, _s._ The red tripe of cattle, the atomasum, S. B.


_To_ PARBREAK, _v. n._ To puke.

V. ~Braik~, _v._ and ~Braking~.

  _Z. Boyd._


_To_ PARE, PAIR, PEYR, _v. a._ To impair.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _pire_, _pejeur_, worse; Lat. _pejor_.


PAREGALE, PARIGAL, _adj._ Completely equal.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _par_, used as a superl. and _egal_, equal.


_To_ PARIFY, _v. a._ To compare.

    Lat. _par_ and _fio_.

  _Wyntown._


_To_ PARIFY, _v. a._ To protect.

  _Wyntown._


PARITCH, PARRITCH, _s._ Porridge, hasty pudding, S.

  _Burns._


_To_ PARK, _v. n._ To perch.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _perch-er_, id.


PARK, _s._ A wood; as, a _fir park_, S.

    A. S. _pearroc_, Su. G. _park_, an inclosure.


PARK, _s._ A pole, a perch.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _perche_, id.


PARLE, _s._ Speech, S. O.

  _Burns._

    Fr. _parler_, id.


PARLOUR, _s._ Discourse.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Fr. _parleure_, id.


PAROCHIN, _s._ Parish, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

    Lat. _paroecia_, id.

~Parochiner~, _s._ A parishioner.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


PARPANE, PERPEN, _s._ A wall in general, or a partition.

  _Henrysone._

    O. Fr. _parpaigne_, a stone which traverses the wall.


PARROK, _s._ A small inclosure, Dumfr.

    A. S. _pearroc_, septum, clathrum.


PARROT-COAL, _s._ A species of coal that burns very clearly. S.

  _Statist. Acc._


PARSEMENTIS, _s. pl._ Perh. for _partiments_, compartments.

  _Douglas._


PARSENERE, _s._ A partner.

  _Wyntown._

    Fr. _parsonnier_, id.


PARTAN, _s._ Common sea crab, S.

    Gael.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ PARTY, _v. a._ To take part with.

  _Godscroft._


PARTY, _s._ Part, degree.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _partie_, id.


PARTY, PARTIE, _s._ An opponent.

    Fr. _parti_, id.

  _Douglas._


PARTY, PARTIE, _adj._ Variegated.

  _Douglas._


PARTICATE, _s._ A rood of land.

    L. B. _particata_, id.

  _Statist. Acc._


PARTYMENT, _s._ Division.

  _Douglas._

    Pr. _partiment_, a parting.


PARTISMAN, _s._ A partaker.

  _Ruddiman._


PARTLES, _adj._ Having no part.

  _Wynt._


PARTRIK, PAIRTRICK, PERTREK, _s._ A partridge, S.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _perdrix_, id.


PARURE, _s._ Ornament, Fr.

  _Wyntown._


PAS, PASE, _s._ Easter

V. ~Pays~.


PAS, _s._

1. Division of a book.

  _Wyntown._

2. A single passage.

  _Crosraguel._

    L. B. _pass-us_, locus.


_To_ PASE, _v. a._ To poise.

V. ~Pais~.


PASH, _s._ The head, a ludicrous term, S.

  _Watson._


PASMENTS, _s. pl._

1. Strips of lace or silk sewed on clothes.

2. Now used to denote livery; pron. _pessments_, S. B.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

3. External decorations of religion.

  _Rutherford._

    Teut. Fr. _passement_, lace.

_To_ ~Pasment~, _v. a._ To deck with lace.

  _Z. Boyd._


PASSINGEOURE, _s._ A passage boat.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _passageur_, L. B. _passagerius_, a ferryman.


_To_ PASSIVERE, _v. a._ To exceed, W. Loth.


PASTANCE, _s._ Pastime.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Fr. _passetemps_, id.


PASUOLAN, _s._ A small species of artillery; Fr. _passevolant_.

  _Complaynt S._


PAT, _pret._ of the _v._ ~Put~.

  _Burel._


PATH, _s._

V. ~Peth~.


PATHIT, _part. pa._ Paved.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _pad_, semita, via trita.


PATIENT ~of~ DEATH, _s._ A throe.

    Perhaps corr. from _passion_, suffering.


_To_ PATIFIE, _v. a._ To manifest, Lat. _patefio_.

  _Bruce._


PATRELL, _s._

1. Defence for the neck of a war-horse; Fr. _poitral_.

  _Douglas._

2. The breast-leather of a horse, S.

  _Ruddiman._


PATRON, _s._ A pattern, Fr.

  _Wallace._


_To_ PATTER, _v. a._ To repeat in a muttering way without interruption,
S.

  _Dunbar._

    Arm. _pater-en_, to repeat the Lord's prayer.

~Patterar~, _s._ One who repeats prayers.

  _Douglas._

~Pattering~, _s._ Vain repetition.

  _Lyndsay._


PATTLE, PETTLE, _s._ A stick with which the ploughman clears away the
earth that adheres to the plough, S.

    E. _paddle_, C. B. _pattal_.

  _Burns._


_To_ PAUCE, _v. n._ To prance with rage, S. B.

    Fr. _pas_, E. _pace_.


PAUCHTIE, _adj._

1. Haughty, S.

  _Maitland Poems._

2. Petulant, malapert, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Belg. _pochg-en_, to vaunt.


PAVEN, PAUUAN, _s._ A grave Spanish dance, in which the dancers turned
round one after another, as peacocks do with their tails.

  _Lyndsay._

    Fr. _pavane_, id., from _paon_, a peacock.


PAVIE, PAW, _s._

1. Lively motion of whatever kind, S.

2. The agile exertions of a rope-dancer.

  _Birrel._

3. A fantastic air, S.

  _Cleland._

4. Transferred to rage, S.

    Fr. _pas vif_, a quick step.


PAUIS, PAVIS, _s._

1. A large shield.

    L. B. _pavas-ium_, id.

  _Douglas._

2. A testudo, used in sieges.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _pavois_, id.


PAUK, _s._ Art, a wile, S.

  _Douglas._

~Pauky~, ~Pawky~, _adj._

1. Sly, artful, S.

  _Callander._

    A. S. _paec-an_, decipere, mentiri; _paeca_, deceptor.

2. Wanton, applied to the eye, Ang.


_To_ PAUT, _v. n._ To paw, S.

  _Cleland._

~Paut~, _s._ A stroke on the ground with the foot. S.

  _Kelly._

    Teut. _pad_, _patte_, the paw of a beast.


PAW, _s._ Quick motion.

V. ~Pavie~.


PAWIS, _s. pl._ Parts in music.

  _Bannatyne Poems._


PAWN, _s._ A narrow curtain fixed to the roof, or to the lower part of a
bed, S.

    Belg. _pand_, a lappit, a skirt.


PAWN, PAWNE, PAWNIE, _s._ The peacock.

  _Maitland Poems._

    Fr. _paon_, Lat. _pavo, onis_.


PAWNS, _s. pl._ The same with ~Pans~, q. v. Ang.


PAWMER, _s._ A palm tree; Fr. _palmier_.

  _Wallace._


PAWMER, _s._ One who goes from place to place, making a shabby
appearance, S.

    From _Palmer_, a pilgrim.

_To_ ~Pawmer~, _v. n._ To go from place to place in an idle way, S.


PAWMIE, PANDIE, _s._ A stroke on the hand with the ferula, S.

    Fr. _paumée_, a stroke or blow with the hand; Cotgr.


_To_ PEAK, PEEK, _v. n._

1. To speak with a small voice, S.

2. To complain of poverty, S.

    Isl. _puk-ra_, susurrare; _puk-r_, mussitatio.


PEAK, _s._ A triangular piece of linen, binding the hair below a child's
cap or woman's _toy_, Ang.


PEARIE, _s._

1. A pegtop, S. as resembling a _pear_.

2. A _French pearie_, a humming-top, S.


PEARLIN, PEARLING, _s._ A species of thread lace, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


PEAT-MOW, _s._ The dross of peats, S. B.

  _Journal Lond._

    Su. G. _mo_, terra sabulosa.


PEATSTANE, _s._ The corner stone at the top of the wall of a house, S.


PECE, _s._ A vessel for holding liquids.

    Fr. _piece_, id.

  _Douglas._


_To_ PECH, PEACH, (gutt.) _v. n._ To puff, to pant, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Sw. _pick-a_, Dan. _pikk-er_, to pant.

~Pech~, _s._ The act of breathing hard.

  _L. Scotland._


PECHAN, _s._ The stomach, Ayrs.

  _Burns._


PECHLE, _s._ (gutt.) A budget carried clandestinely, Loth.

    Su. G. _packa_, sarcina.  Germ. _paeck-lin_, fasciculus.


PEDDIR, PEDDER, _s._ A pedlar.

  _Douglas._

    L. B. _pedar-ius_, nudis ambulans pedibus.


_To_ PEEL, PEIL, _v. a._ To equal, to match, Loth, S. O.

    Teut. _peyl-en_, to measure.

~Peel~, ~Peil~, _s._ A match, Loth. S. O.

  _Hamilton._


PEEL, _s._ A pool, S. B.

  _Ross._


PEEL, _s._ A place of strength.

V. ~Pele~.


PEELIE, _adj._ Thin, meagre, S.

    Fr. _pelé_, q. peeled; or C. B. _pelaid_, weak, sickly.


_To_ PEENGE, PINGE, _v. n._

1. To complain, to whine, S.

  _Flemyng._

2. To pretend poverty, S.

    Teut. _pynigh-en_, affligere.


_To_ PEEP, _v. n._ To pule.

V. ~Pepe~, _s._


_To_ PEER, _v. a._ To equal, S.

  _Burns._

    Fr. _pair_, a match.


PEERIE, _adj._ Small, Ork. Shetl. Fife, E. Loth.

~Peeriewirrie~, _adj._ Very small, Orkn.


PEESWEIP, PEEWEIP, _s._ A lapwing, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    From the sound; or allied to Sw. _wipa_, id.


_To_ PEG _off_, or _away_, _v. n._ To go off quickly, Loth. Dumfr.


PEG, _s._ A stroke, Loth. Dumfr.

    Isl. _piack-a_, frequenter pungo.


PEGIL, _s._ The dirty work of a house, Ang.

    Isl. _pijke_, puella.


PEGRALL, PYGRALL, _s._ Paltry.

  _Lyndsay._


PEIL, _s._ A place of strength.

V. ~Pele~.


_To_ PEILE, PELE, _v. a. To packe or peile fish_.

  _Acts Ja. V._

Either to _pile_, or to pair.

V. ~Peel~.


PEILD, _adj._ Bald.

    Fr. _pelé_, id.

  _Gl. Sibb._


PEILOUR, _s._ A thief.

V. ~Pelour~.


_To_ PEYNE, _v. a._ To forge.

V. ~Pene~.


_To_ PEYR, _v. a._ To impair.

V. ~Pare~.


PEIRS, _adj._ Sky-coloured.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _pers_, _perse_, caesius, glaucus.


_To_ PEIS, PEISS, PESE, _v. a._ To silence.

  _Douglas._

    O. Fr. _faire pais_, faire silence; from Lat. _pax_; Roquefort.


PEYSIE-WHIN, _s._ The E. Greenstone, Ang., _peasie-whin_, Loth.; from
the resemblance of the spots in it to _pease_.


PELE, PEYLL, PEILL, PEEL, PAILE, _s._ A place of strength, a
fortification, properly of earth.

  _Barbour._

    L. B. _pela_, _pelum_, id.; A. S. _pil_, moles, acervus.


PELL, _s._ A lazy, lumpish person, S. B.

    Teut. _pelle_, a husk.


PELLACK, PELLOCK, _s._ A porpoise.

    Gael. _pelog_, id.

  _Brand._


PELLOCK, _s._ A bullet.

  _Gawan and Gol._

    Fr. _pelote_; C. B. _pel_, id.


PELLOTIS, _s. pl._

  _Leg. St Androis._

    O. Fr. _pelete_, petite peau; Roquef.


PELLOUR, PEILOUR, _s._ A thief.

  _Dunbar._

    _Pillour_, O. E. Fr. _pilleur_, a ravager.


PELT, _s._ A term of reproach; _Foul pelt_, q. foul _skin_.

  _Watson._


PELTIN-POCK, _s._ A _pock_ or bag for guarding the thighs from the
_stroke_ given by the _flauchter-spade_, Ang.


PELTRY, PALTRIE, _s._ Vile trash, S.

  _Godly Sangs._

    Su. G. _paltor_, old rags, Teut. _palt_, a fragment; or _pelt_, a
skin.


PELURE, PILLOUR, _s._ Costly fur.

  _Wyntown._

    O. Fr. _pelure_, peau; Roquef.


PENCH, PENCHE, _s._

1. Belly.

  _Semple._

2. _Penches_, pl. the common name for tripe, S.


PEND, _s._

1. An arch, S.

  _Minstr. Bord._

2. The arch of heaven.

  _Chron. S. P._

    Lat. _pend-ere_; Fr. _pend-re_.


PENDE, _s._ A pendant.

  _Douglas._


PENDICE _of a buckle_, that which receives the one latchet, before the
shoe be straitened by means of the other, S.

~Pendle~, _s._ The same.

  _Ruddiman._

    Fr. _pendille_, that which hangs.


PENDICLE, _s._ A pendant.

  _Baillie._

    L. B. _pendiclum_, id.


PENDICLE, _s._

1. A small piece of ground, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

2. A church dependant on another.

    L. B. _pendicularis_, capella.

  _Stat. Acc._

~Pendicler~, _s._ An inferior tenant, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


_To_ PENE, PEYNE, POYNE, PYNE, _v. a._ To forge.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _paen-a_, to extend, Isl. id. to strike with a hammer.


PENHEAD, _s._ The upper part of a _mill-lead_, where the water is
carried off from the dam to the mill, S.

  _Law Case._

    A. S. _penn-an_, includere.


PENKLE, _s._ A rag or fragment, Perths.

    Lat. _pannicul-us_, id.


_To_ PENNY, _v. n._ To fare, S. B.

  _Ross._


PENNIE-BRYDAL, PENNY-WEDDING, _s._ A wedding at which the guests
contribute _money_ for their entertainment, S.

  _Acts Assembly._


PENNY-DOG, _s._ A dog that constantly follows his master, S.

  _Watson._


PENNY-MAILL, _s._

1. Rent paid in money.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

2. A small sum paid to a proprietor of land, as an acknowledgment of
superiority.

V. ~Mail~.

  _Maitland P._


PENNYSTANE, PENNY-STONE, _s._ A flat stone used as a quoit. _To play at
the pennystane_, to play with quoits of this kind, S.

  _Pennant._

_A pennystane cast_, the distance to which a stone-quoit may be thrown.

  _Barbour._


PENNYWHEEP, _s._ Small beer, Aberd.

V. ~Whip~.

  _Gl. Shirr._


PENNY-WIDDIE, _s._

V. ~Pin-the-Widdie~.


PENNON, _s._ A small banner.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. id. Alem. _fanon_, vexillum.


PENSEIL, PINSEL, _s._ A small streamer, borne in battle.

  _Barbour._

    O. Fr. _penoncel_, _pencel_, a flag.


PENSY, PENSIE, _adj._

1. Having a mixture of self-conceit and affectation in one's appearance,
S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Spruce, S. B.

  _Popular Ball._

    Fr. _pensif_, thinking of.

~Pensylie~, _adv._ In a self-important manner, S.

  _Ramsay._


PENTHLAND, PENTLAND, _s._ The middle part of Scotland, especially
Lothian.

  _Bellenden._

    Corr. from _Pichtland_, or _Petland_.


_To_ PENTY, _v. a._ To fillip, S.

  _Ramsay._

    Fr. _pointer_, blesser, porter des coupes; Dict. Trev.

~Penty~, ~Pentie~, _s._ A fillip, S.


PEPE, PEEP, _s._

1. The chirp of a bird, S.

  _King's Quair._

_To play peep_, to mutter, S.

2. The act of speaking with a shrill small voice, S.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _piep-en_, Su. G. _pip-a_, &c. id.


PEPPER-DULSE, _s._ Jagged fucus, S.

V. ~Dulse~.

  _Lightfoot._


_To_ PEPPIN, _v. a._ To cocker, Banffs. _pettle_, synon.

V. ~Pappant~.

    O. Fr. _popine_, a puppet.


_To_ PER, _v. n._ To appear.

  _Wallace._

    O. Fr. _per-er_, id.


PERANTER, _adv._ Peradventure.

  _Lyndsay._


_To_ PERBREK, _v. a._ To shatter.

  _Doug._

Formed like Lat. _perfractus_.


PERCONNON, PERCUNNANCE, _s._ Condition, proviso, S. B.

  _Ross._

    Fr. _par_, by, and _convine_, condition.


PERCUDO, _s._ Some kind of precious stone.

  _Burel._


PERDÉ, _adv._ Verily.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _pardieu_, per Deum.


PERDEWS, _s. pl._ The forlorn hope.

    Fr. _enfans perdus_, id.

  _Melvil's Mem._


PERDURABIL, _adv._ Lasting.

    Fr.

  _Complaynt S._


_To_ PERE, _v. a._ To pour, S. B.

  _Douglas._


PERFAY, _adv._ Verily.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _par foy_, Lat. per fidem.


PERFITE, _adj._

1. Perfect.

  _Pal. of Hon._

2. Applied to one who is exact in doing any work, S.

~Perfytlie~, _adv._ Perfectly.

  _Lyndsay._

~Perfiteness~, _s._ Exactness, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ PERFURNIS, PERFURMEIS, _v. a._ To accomplish.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _parfourn-ir_, id.


PERJINK, _adj._

1. Precise.

2. Trim, so as to appear finical, S.

    Qu. _parjoinct_; Fr. _par_ and _joinct_.


PERLASY, _s._ The palsy.

  _K. Hart._

    Fr. _paralysie_, id.


PERLIE, _s._ The little finger, Loth. q. _peerie_, little, and _lith_,
joint.


PERMUSTED, _part. adj._ Scented.

V. ~Muist~.

  _Watson._


PERNICKITIE, _adj._

1. Precise in trifles, S.

2. Very trim in dress, S.

    Fr. _par_, and _niquet_ a trifle.


PERONAL, _s._ A girl.

  _Maitland P._

    O. Fr. _perronnelle_.


PERPEN, _s._ A partition.

V. ~Parpane~.


PERQUER, PERQUEIR, PERQUIRE, _adv._

1. Exactly, S.

  _Barbour._

2. Separate as to place.

  _Baillie._

    Fr. _par coeur_; or _per quair_, i. e. by book.

~Perqueir~, ~Perquire~, _adj._ Accurate, S. B.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._


PERRAKIT, _s._ A sagacious, talkative, or active child, Fife; q. a
_parroquet_.


PERRE, _s._ Precious stones, O. Fr.

  _Sir Gawan._


PERSHITTIE, _adj._ Precise, prim, S.

    O. E. _pergitted_, tricked up.


PERSIL, _s._ Parsley, an herb, S. Fr.


PERTRIK, _s._

V. ~Partrik~.


_To_ PERTROUBIL, _v. a._ To vex very much; Fr. _partroubler_.

  _Douglas._

~Pertrublange~, _s._ Great vexation.

  _Doug._


PESANE, PISSAND, PYSSEN, _s._ A gorget; of uncertain origin.

  _Acts Ja. I._


PESS, _s._ Easter.

V. ~Pays~.

  _Lyndsay._


PESS.

V. ~The~.


PESSMENTS, _s. pl._

V. ~Pasments~.


_To_ PET, PETTLE, _v. a._ To fondle, to treat as a pet, S.

  _Z. Boyd._


PETE-POT, _s._ A hole from which _peats_ have been dug, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Teut. _put_, lacuna.


PETER'S STAFF (~St.~), Orion's sword, a constellation.

  _Ruddiman._


PETH, _s._ A steep and narrow way, S.

    A. S. _paeth_, semita, callis.

  _Barbour._


PETTAIL, PITTALL, _s._ Rabble attending an army.

  _Barbour._

    Fr. _pitaud_, a clown; _pietaille_, infanterie.


PETTLE, _s._

V. ~Pattle~.


PEUAGE, PEUIS, PEUISCHE, _adj._ Mean, dastardly.

  _Douglas._

~Peuagely~, _adv._ Carelessly.

  _Douglas._


PEW, _s._ The plaintive cry of birds.

  _Lyndsay._

_He canna play pew_, he is unfit for any thing, S.

  _Ramsay._

To ~Pew~, ~Peu~, _v. n._

1. To emit a mournful sound, applied to birds.

  _Compl. S._

    O. Fr. _piaul-er_, id.

2. To peep or mutter.

  _Lyndsay._


PEWTENE, _s._ Trull.

  _Philotus._

    Fr. _putain_, Isl. _puta_, scortum.


PHARIS, _s._ Pharaoh's.

  _Godly Sangs._


PHILIBEG, _s._

V. ~Filibeg~.


PHINOC, _s._ A species of grey trout.

V. ~Finnack~.

  _Pennant._


PHIOLL, _s._

V. ~Fyell~.


PITHONES, _s._ A Pythoness, a witch.

  _Barbour._


_To_ PHRASE, FRAISE, _v. a._ To talk of with boasting.

  _Rutherford._

~Phraser~, _s._

1. A braggart, braggadocio.

  _Bp. Galloway._

2. A wheedling person, S.

To ~Phraise~, _v. n._ To use wheedling language, S.

~Phraise~, ~Fraise~, _s. To mak a phraise_,

1. To pretend interest in another, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

2. To use flattery, S.

  _R. Galloway._

3. Falsely to pretend to do a thing, to exhibit an appearance without
real design, S.

  _Baillie._

4. To make great shew of reluctance, when one is really inclined, S.

  _Ross._

5. To talk more of a matter than it deserves, S.

  _Ramsay._

6. To make much ado about a slight ailment, S.


PYAT, PYOT, _s._ The magpie, S.

  _Houlate._

    Gael. _pighaidi_, C. B. _pioden_, id.


PIBROCH, _s._ A Highland air, suited to the particular passion which the
musician would either excite or assuage; generally applied to martial
music, S.

  _Minstrelsy Border._

    Gael. _piobaireachd_, the pipe music.


PICHT, PYCHT, PIGHT, _part. pa._

1. Pitched, settled.

  _Sir Gawan._

2. Transferred to a person.

  _Poems 16th Century._

3. Studded.

  _Douglas._

    Ital. _appicciar_, castra metari.


PICHT, _s._ Pith, force.

  _Wallace._

    Belg. _pitt_, A. S. _pitha_, id.


_To_ PICK, _v. a._ To pitch at a mark, S. B.


PICK, _s._ The choice, S. E. _pick_, to cull.


PICKEN, _adj._ Pungent, S.

    Su. G. _pikande_, Fr. _piquant_, id.


PICKEREL, _s._ The dunlin.

  _Sibbald._


PICKERY, _s._

V. ~Pikary~.


PICKIE-MAN, _s._ A miller's servant, from his work of keeping the mill
in order, S. B.

V. ~Pik~, _v._


PICKLE, PUCKLE, _s._

1. A grain of corn, S.

  _Abp. Hamiltoun._

2. A single seed, S.

  _Z. Boyd._

3. Any minute particle, S.

  _Rutherford._

4. A small quantity, S.

  _Ross._

5. A few, S.; Su. G. _pik_, grain when it begins to germinate.

  _P. Buch. Dial._


PI-COW, ~Pi-ox~, _s._ The game of _Hide and Seek_, Ang.


PICTARNIE, _s._ The great tern, S.

    Sw. _tarna_, Dan. _taerne_.

  _Pennant._


PIEGE, _s._ A trap, a snare, Perths.; _puge_, Border; Fr. _piege_, id.


PIE-HOLE, _s._ An eye-hole, S.

    Dan. _pig_, _pyg_, a point.


PIEL, _s._ An iron wedge for boring stones, S. B.

    A. S. _pil_, stylus.


PIER, _s._ A quay or wharf, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._


PIETÉ, PIETIE, _s._ Pity.

  _Douglas._


PIG, PYG, _s._

1. An earthen vessel, S.

  _Douglas._

2. A potsherd, S.

    Gael. _pigadh_, _pigin_, an earthen pitcher.

~Pig-man~, _s._ A seller of crokery.

  _Colvil._

~Pig-wife~, A woman who sells crokery, S.


PIGGIES, _s. pl._ Iron rods from which streamers are hung.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _pigg_, stimulus, stilus.


PIGGIN, _s._ A small wooden or earthen vessel; Dumfr.

V. ~Pig~.

  _Davidson._


PIGHT, _pret._ Pierced, thrust.

    Germ. _pick-en_, pungere.

  _Sir Tristrem._


PYGRAL, _adj._

V. ~Pegrall~.


PIGTAIL, _s._ Twisted tobacco, S., resembling the _tail_ of a _pig_.


_To_ PIK, _v. a._ To strike lightly with any thing sharp-pointed, S.

  _Ruddiman._

    Su. G. _pick-a_, minutis ictibus tundere.

~Pik~, ~Pyk~, _s._ A light stroke with what is sharp-pointed, S.

  _Douglas._


PIK, PYK, PICK, _s._ Pitch, S.

  _Barbour._

    A. S. _pic_, Belg. _picke_, id.


PIKARY, PICKERY, _s._

1. Rapine.

  _Bellenden._

2. Pilfering, S.

  _Erskine._

    Fr. _picor-ée_, plundering; _picor-er_, to rifle.


_To_ PIKE, _v. a._ To select.

  _Douglas._


_To_ PIKE, _v. a._ To sail close by.

  _Doug._

    Su. G. _pek-a_, to point towards the land.


PYKIS, _s. pl._

1. Prickles.

  _Dunbar._

    Su. G. _pigg_, stimulus.

2. Short withered heath.

  _Gl. Shirr._


PIKKY, _adj._ Pitchy.

  _Douglas._


PIKKIT, _part. pa._ Covered with pitch.

    Teut. _pick-en_, Lat. _pic-are_.

  _Douglas._


PIKLAND, _part. pr._ Picking up.

  _Douglas._

    From _pick_, or Teut. _pickel-en_, scalpere.


PIK-MIRK, _adj._ Dark as pitch, S. corr. _pit-mirk_.

  _Ramsay._


PYK-MAW, PICK-MAW, _s._ A kind of gull.

  _Houlate._


PILCH, _s._

1. A gown made of skin.

    A. S. _pylece_, toga pellicea.

  _Douglas._

2. A tough skinny piece of meat, S.

3. Any thing short and gross, S.

~Pilch~, _adj._ Thick, gross, S.


PILE, PYLE, _s._

1. In pl. the soft hair, which first appears on the faces of young men.

  _Douglas._

2. A tender blade, S.

  _Douglas._

3. A single grain, S.

  _Gl. Shirr._

    Teut. _pyl_, Fr. _poil_, Lat. _pil-us_, a hair.


PYLE, _s._ A small javelin; or an arrow for a cross-bow.

  _Stat. Will._

    Su. G. _pil_, Lat. _pil-um_, a javelin.


PYLEFAT, _s._ L. _gylefat_, q. v.

  _Lyndsay._


PILGET, PILGIE, _s._ A broil, S. B.

  _Poems Buch. Dial._

    Belg. _belgh-en_, to combat.


PILGREN, PYLGRYNE, _s._ A pilgrim, Fr. _pelegrin_.

  _Burel._


_To_ PILK, _v. a._

1. To take out of a husk or shell, S. B.

2. To pilfer, S. B.

    E. _pluck_, or Teut. _plock-en_, id.


PILLAN, _s._

A species of sea-crab, Fife.

  _Sibbald._


PILLOUR, _s._

V. ~Pelure~.


PILLOW, _s._ A tumultuous noise, S. B.

V. ~Hillie-billow~.


PILTOCK, _s._ The coal fish, a year old, Orkn.


PIN, _s._ Summit.

  _Dunbar._

    Teut. _pinne_, Germ. _pfin_, summitas.


PINALDS, _s._ A spinet; Fr. _espinet_.

  _Mellvill's MS._


PINCH, PUNCH, _s._ An iron lever, S.

    Fland. _pinsse_, Fr. _pince_, id.


_To_ PYNE, _v. a._ To subject to pain, S.

    Isl. _pyn-a_, A. S. _pinan_, torquere.

  _Wall._

~Pyne~, _s._

1. Pain, S.

  _Wyntown._

2. Labour, pains.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. _pin_, Teut. _pyne_, cruciatus.


PYNE DOUBLET, a concealed coat of mail.

    Su. G. _pin-a_, coarctare.

  _Cromerty._


PINERIS, PYNORIS, _s. pl._ Pioneers.

  _Knox._


_To_ PINGE.

V. ~Peenge~.


_To_ PINGIL, PINGLE,

1. _v. n._ To strive, to labour assiduously without making much
progress, S.

  _Douglas._

2. To vie with.

  _Douglas._

3. To toil for a scanty sustenance.

  _Dunbar._

4. _v. a._ To reduce to straits.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _pyng_, labour, anxiety.

~Pingil~, ~Pingle~, _s._

1. A strife, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. Difficulty, S.

  _Journal Lond._

3. Hesitation.

  _Ramsay._

~Pingling~, _s._ Difficulty, S.

  _Pitscottie._


PINYIONE, _s._ A handful of armed men.

  _Acts Marie._


_To_ PINK, _v. n._ To contract the eye, to glimmer, S.

    Teut. _pinck-ooghen_, oculos contrahere.

~Pinkie~, _adj._ Applied to the eye, when small, or contracted, S.

  _Ramsay._


_To_ PINK, _v. n._ To trickle, to drop, S. B.

  _Ross._


PINKIE, _s._ The little finger, Loth.

    Belg. _pink_, digitus minimus.


PINKIE, _s._ The weakest kind of table beer, S.


PINKIE, _s._ The smallest candle that is made, S.

    O. Teut. _pincke_, cubicularis lucerna simplex.


PINNER, _s._

1. A female head-dress, having lappets pinned to the temples reaching
down to the breast, and fastened there.

  _Ramsay._

2. _A fleeing pinner_, such a head-dress, having the ends of the lappets
hanging loose, Ang.

    O. Fr. _pignoir_ seems to be synon.


PINNER-PIG, _s._

V. ~Pirlie-pig~.


PINNING, _s._ A small stone for filling a crevice in a wall, S.

  _Statist. Acc._

    Q. employed as a _pin_.


PINSEL, _s._ A streamer.

V. ~Pensel~.


PIN-THE-WIDDIE, _s._ A small dried haddock not split, Aberd. corruptly
_penny-widdie_.


PINTILL-FISH, _s._ The Pipe-fish; or the Launce.

  _Monroe._


PYOT, _s._ A magpie.

V. ~Pyat~.


PIPES. _To tune_ one's _pipes_, to cry, S.


_To_ PYRL, _v. n._ To prick.

  _Wallace._

    Su. G. _pryl_, a long needle, _pryl-a_, stylo pungere.


_To_ PIRL, _v. n._ To whirl, S. A.

V. ~Birle~.

  _J. Nicol._


PIRL-GRASS, _s._ Creeping wheat-grass, S.

  _Stat. Acc._


PIRLIE-PIG, PURLIE-PIG, _s._ A circular earthen vessel, which has no
opening save a slit at the top, no larger than to receive a halfpenny;
used by children for keeping their money, S. B. _Pinner-pig_, S. O.

    Perh. q. _birlie-pig_, from A. S. _birl-ian_, to drink; as forming
a common stock.  _Pinner_ may be allied to Teut. _penne-waere_, merx;
Dan. _penger_, money.


PIRN, _s._

1. A quill, or reed, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

2. The yarn wound on a reed, S.

  _Ruddiman._

3. _To wind_ one _a pirn_, to make a person repent his conduct.

  _Ramsay._

4. _To redd a ravell'd pirn_, to clear up something difficult, or to get
free of some entanglement, S.

  _Shirrefs._

    Isl. _prion-a_, to weave.

~Pirn~, _s._ The wheel of a fishing-rod, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

~Pirnyt~, ~Pyrnit~, _part. pa._ Striped with different colours.

  _Douglas._

~Pirnie~, _adj._ Having unequal threads, or different colours, S.

  _Cleland._

    Isl. _prion_, lanificium textile.


PIRR, _s._ A gentle breeze, S.

    Isl. _byr_, _bir_, ventus secundus.


PIRRIEHOUDEN, _adj._ Fond, doating, Perths.


PIRZIE, _adj._ Conceited, Loth.

    Fr. _parsoy_, by one's self.


PYSAN, _s._ A gorget.

V. ~Pesane~.


PISMIRE, _s._ A steelyard, Orkn.

V. ~Bismar~.

  _Brand._


PISSANCE, _s._ Power.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _puissance_, id.

~Pissant~, _adj._ Powerful.

  _Douglas._

    Fr. _puissant_, id.


PIT ~and~ GALLOWS, a privilege conferred on a baron, according to our
old laws, of having on his ground a _pit_ for drowning women, and
_gallows_ for hanging men, convicted of theft.

  _Bellenden._

    Teut. _Put ende Galghe_.


PITTAL, _s._ Rabble.

V. ~Pettail~.


PYTANE, _s._ A young child; a term of endearment, S.

    Fr. _petit un_, my little one; or _peton_, a fondling term used by
nurses in Fr.


_To_ PITY, _v. n._ To regret.

  _Baillie._

~Pitiful~, _adj._ To be regretted, S.

  _Id._


PITTIL, _s._ Some kind of fowl.

  _Houlate._


_To_ PITTER-PATTER, _v. n._

1. To repeat prayers after the Romish manner.

  _Watson._

2. To make a chattering noise by inconstant motion of the feet, S.

V. ~Patter~.

  _L. Hailes._


PLACAD, PLACKET, _s._ A placard, S.

  _Pitscottie._

    Teut. _plackaet_, decretum, from _placken_, to fix.


PLACE, _s._

1. The mansion-house on an estate, S.

  _Spalding._

2. A castle, a strong hold.

  _Keith._

    Fr. _place_, a castle.


PLACEBOE, _s._ A parasite.

  _Knox._

    Lat. _placebo_, I will please; still used in France.


PLACK, PLAK, _s._

1. A billon coin.

  _Acts Ja. III._

2. A small copper coin, formerly current in S., equal to the third part
of an English penny.

  _Morysone._

    Fr. _plaque_, Teut. _placke_, L. B. _placa_; a small coin of various
value according to the country.

~Plackless~, _adj._ Moneyless, S.


PLAGE, _s._ Quarter, point.

  _Pal. Hon._

    Lat. _plag-a_, id.


PLAID, _s._ Plea.

V. ~Plede~.


PLAID, _s._ An outer loose weed of striped and variegated cloth, worn by
the Highlanders, S.

  _Pennant._

    Gael. _plaide_, id.; Teut. _plat_, what is plain and broad.


PLAIDEN, PLAIDING, _s._ Coarse woollen cloth, that is _tweeled_, S.

  _St. Acc._

    From _plaid_; or C. B. _pleth-u_, to wreath.


PLAY-FEIR, PLAY-FERE, PLAY-FAIR, _s._

1. A playfellow.

  _Lyndsay._

    From _play_, and _fere_, a companion, q. v.

2. Improperly, a toy, S.

  _Ferguson._


PLAIK, _s._ A plaid, Ang.

    Su. G.  Isl. _plagg_, vestimentum.


PLAYN, PLAYNE. _In playne_,

1. Clearly.

  _Wallace._

2. Out of hand; like Fr. _de plain_.

  _Ibid._


_To_ PLAINYIE, _v. n._ To complain.

    Fr. _plaindre_, id.

  _Pitscottie._


PLAINSTANES, _s. pl._

1. The pavement, S.

2. The exchange, as being paved, S.


_To_ PLAINT, PLENT, _v. n._ To complain of, S.

  _Knox._


PLAYOKIS, _s. pl._ Playthings, S. O.

  _Wyntown._


PLAITINGS, _s. pl._ Pieces of iron which go below the plough-share.
Fife.


PLANE, _adj._ Full, consisting of its different constituent branches;
applied to parliament.

  _Acts Ja. II._

    Fr. _plane_, _pleine court_, id.


PLANE-TREE, _s._ The maple, S.

  _Lightfoot._


_To_ PLASH, _v. n._

1. To make a noise by dashing water, S.

_Pleesk_, S. B.

  _Ramsay._

2. To splash, S.

3. Applied to any thing, which, from being thoroughly drenched, emits
the noise occasioned by the agitation of water, S.

    Su. G. _plask-a_, aquam cum sonitu movere.


PLASH _of rain_, a heavy fall of rain, S.

    Belg. _plasregen_, praeceps imber.


PLASMATOR, _s._ Maker; Gr.

  _Complaynt S._


PLASTROUN, _s._ Perhaps, a harp.

  _Sir Egeir._

    Gr. πληκτρον, the instrument with which the strings of an harp are
struck.


_To_ PLAT, PLET, _v. a._ To plait.

  _Wyntown._


PLAT, _adj._

1. Flat, level.

  _Douglas._

2. Low, opposed to _heiche_.

  _Maitland P._

3. Close, near.

  _Douglas._

    Su. G. _platt_, Teut. _plat_, planus.

~Plat~, _adv._ Flatly.

  _Douglas._


PLAT, PLATT, _s._ A plan.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _plat_, exemplar.


PLAT, PLATT, PLATE, _s._

1. A dash.

  _Douglas._

2. A blow with the fist.

  _Lyndsay._

    A. S. _plaett-as_, cuffs, blows.


_To_ PLAT UP, _v. a._ To erect.

  _Baillie._


PLATFUTE, _s._ A term of reproach; applied to a _plain-soled_ person,
and thence ludicrously to some dance.

  _Lyndsay._

    Teut. _plat-voet_, planipes.


PLEDE, PLEID, PLEYD, _s._

1. Debate.

  _Wyntown._

2. A quarrel, a broil.

  _Chr. Kirk._

3. Care, sorrow.

  _Dunbar._

    Belg. _pleyte_, lis, Fr. _plaid_.

_To_ ~Plede~, ~Pleid~, _v. n._ To contend.

  _Doug._


_To_ PLEDGE, _v. a._ To invite to drink, by promising to take the cup
after another, S.; a vestige of the ancient custom of one drawing his
dagger, as a token that he _pledged_ his life for that of another, while
he was drinking.


To PLEESK, _v. n._

V. ~Plash~.


PLEY, PLEYE, _s._

1. A debate, S.

  _Poems Buchan Dial._

2. An action at law, whether criminal or civil, S.

  _Reg. Maj._

    A. S. _pleo_, _pleoh_, danger, debate.

_To_ ~Pley~, _v. n._ To answer in a court.

  _Burr. Lawes._


PLEINYEOUR, _s._ A complainer.

  _Acts Ja. II._


_To_ PLENYE, _v. n._

V. ~Plainyie~.


_To_ PLENYS, PLENISH, _v. a._

1. To furnish a house; to stock a farm, S.

2. To supply with inhabitants.

  _Wallace._

~Plennissing~, ~Plenising~, _s._ Household furniture.

  _Burr. Lawes._

  _R. Bruce._


_To_ PLENT, _v. n._

V. ~Plaint~.


PLENTEOUS, _adj._ Complaining.

  _Bar. Courts._


PLEP, _s._ Any thing weak or feeble, S. B.

~Pleppit~, _adj._ Not stiff; creased. A _pleppit dud_, a garment become
quite flaccid by wearing or tossing, Ang.

    Perh. q. _flappit_, E. flapped; or from Isl. _flap-r_, aura
inconstans.


PLESANCE, _s._ Pleasure.

    Fr.

  _K. Quair._


_To_ PLET, _v. a._ To reprehend.

  _Douglas._

    Teut. _pleyt-en_, litigare.


PLEVAR, _s._ A plover.

  _Houlate._


PLEUCH, PLEUGH, _s._

1. A plough, S.

  _Douglas._

    A. S. Su. G. _plog_, Alem. _pluog_.

2. That constellation called _Ursa Major_; supposed to resemble a
plough, S.

  _Douglas._

~Pleuch-gang~, ~Plough-gang~, _s._ As much land as can be properly
tilled by one plough; also, a _pleuch_ of land, S.

  _Stat. Acc._

~Pleuch-gate~, ~Plough-gate~, _v._ The same with _plough-gang_, S.;
_gate_ being synon. with _gang_.

  _Stat. Acc._

~Pleuchgeire~, _v._ The furniture belonging to a plough, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._

~Pleuchgraith~, _s._ The same with _pleuchgeire_, S.

  _Skene._

~Pleuch-irnes~, ~Plwyrnys~, _s. pl._ The iron instruments belonging to a
plough, S.

  _Wyntown._

    Isl. _plogiarn_, the ploughshare.


PLY, _s._ Plight, condition, S.

  _Dunbar._

    Fr. _pli_, habit, state.


PLY, _s._ A fold, a plait, S.


PLYCHT, _s._ Punishment.

  _Henrysone._

    Belg. _plicht_, judicium.


_To_ PLISH-PLASH, _v. n._ To emit the sound produced by successive
shocks in any liquid body, S.

V. ~Plash~, _v._

  _J. Nicol._

~Plish-Plash~, _adv._ To _play plish-plash_, to make a flashing sound,
S.


PLISKIE, _s._ A trick, properly of a mischievous kind; though not
necessarily including the idea of any evil design, S.

  _J. Nicol._

    A. S. _plaega_, play, sport, with the termination _isc_, or _isk_,
expressive of increment.


PLODDERE, _s._ A banger, a mauler.

  _Wyntown._

    O. Fr. _plaud-er_, to bang, to maul.


PLOY, _s._

1. A harmless frolic, properly of a social kind, S.

  _Sir J. Sinclair._

2. A frolic, which, although begun in jest, has a serious issue, S.

  _Ross._

    A. S. _pleg-an_, to play.


_To_ PLOT, _v. a._

1. To scald, S.

  _Ramsay._

2. To make any liquid scalding hot, S.

3. To burn, in a general sense.

  _Forbes._


PLOTCOCK, _s._ The devil.

  _Pitscottie._

    According to some, _Pluto_, whose Isl. name is _Blotgod_. Our term
may be q. _Blotkok_, "the swallower of sacrifices;" from _blot_,
sacrificing, and _kok-a_, deglutire.


PLOUD, _s._ A green sod, Aberd.

  _Stat. Acc._

    Fland. _plot-en_, membranam exuere.


PLOUT, _s._ A heavy shower of rain, S.

    Belg. _plots-en_, to fall down plump.


_To_ PLOUTER, _v. n._ To make a noise among water, to be engaged in any
wet and dirty work, S., _plowster_, S. A.

    Germ. _plader-n_, humida et sordida tractare; Teut. _plots-en_,
_plotsen int water_, in aquam irruere.

~Plouter~, _s._ The act of floundering through water or mire, S.

  _Popular Ball._


PLUCK, _s._ The pogge, a fish, S.


PLUCKUP, PLUKUP, _s._

  _Poems 16th Cent._

    _At the plukup_, q. ready to _pluck up_ every thing by the roots.


PLUFFY, _adj._ Flabby, chubby, S.

    Su. G. _plufsig_, facies obesa.


PLUKE, PLOUK, _s._ A pimple, S.

    Gael. _plucan_, id.

  _R. Bruce._

~Plukie-faced~, _adj._ Having a pimpled face, S.

  _Ritson._


PLUME-DAMES, _s._ A _Damascene_ plumb, S.

  _Acts Ja. VI._


PLUMP, _adj. A plump shower_, a heavy shower that falls straight down,
S.

    E. _plumb_, perpendicular; q. like lead, Teut. _plomp_, plumbeus.


PLWYRNYS, _s. pl._

V. ~Pleuchirnes~.


_To_ PLUNK, _v. n._ To plump, S.

    C. B. _plwngk-io_, id.


_To_ PLUNK, _v. n._ To play the truant, S. O.

    Teut. _plenck-en_, vagari, to straggle.


PLUNTED, probably for painted.

  _Leg. St Androis._


POB, POB-TOW, _s._ Refuse of flax, S. B. also _pab_.

  _Statist. Acc._


POCK-ARRS, _s. pl._ The marks left by the smallpox.

V. ~Arr~.


POCKED SHEEP, old sheep having a disease resembling scrofula, S.


POCKMANTEAU, _s._ Literally, a _cloak-bag_, S.

  _Meston._


POCK-SHAKINGS, _s. pl._ The youngest child of a family, S.

    A very ancient Goth. idiom.  Isl. _belguskaka_, ultimus parentum
natus vel nata, from _belg-ur_, a bag or _pock_, and _skak-a_, to shake.


POD, _s._ Perhaps a toad; Teut. _pode_, id.

  _Montgomerie._


PODLE, _s._ A tadpole, S.; Teut. _podde_