By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: Hungry Hearts
Author: Yezierska, Anzia
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Hungry Hearts" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

produced from images generously made available by The
Internet Archive/American Libraries.)

  [ Transcriber’s Notes:

    Every effort has been made to replicate this text as faithfully
    as possible, including inconsistencies in spelling and hyphenation.
    Some corrections of spelling and punctuation have been made. They
    are listed at the end of the text.

    Italic text has been marked with _underscores_.



  The Riverside Press Cambridge



  The Riverside Press
  U . S . A

To Mrs. Henry Ollesheimer


  Wings                          1

  Hunger                        35

  The Lost “Beautifulness”      65

  The Free Vacation House       97

  The Miracle                  114

  Where Lovers Dream           142

  Soap and Water               163

  “The Fat of the Land”        178

  My Own People                224

  How I found America          250



“My heart chokes in me like in a prison! I’m dying for a little
love and I got nobody--nobody!” wailed Shenah Pessah, as she looked
out of the dismal basement window.

It was a bright Sunday afternoon in May, and into the gray, cheerless,
janitor’s basement a timid ray of sunlight announced the dawn of

“Oi weh! Light!” breathed Shenah Pessah, excitedly, throwing open
the sash. “A little light in the room for the first time!” And she
stretched out her hands hungrily for the warming bit of sun.

The happy laughter of the shopgirls standing on the stoop with their
beaux and the sight of the young mothers with their husbands and babies
fanned anew the consuming fire in her breast.

“I’m not jealous!” she gasped, chokingly. “My heart hurts too
deep to want to tear from them their luck to happiness. But why should
they live and enjoy life and why must I only _look on_ how they are

She clutched at her throat like one stifled for want of air. “What
is the matter with you? Are you going out of your head? For what is
your crying? Who will listen to you? Who gives a care what’s going to
become from you?”

Crushed by her loneliness, she sank into a chair. For a long time she
sat motionless, finding drear fascination in the mocking faces traced
in the patches of the torn plaster. Gradually, she became aware of a
tingling warmth playing upon her cheeks. And with a revived breath, she
drank in the miracle of the sunlit wall.

“Ach!” she sighed. “Once a year the sun comes to light up even
this dark cellar, so why shouldn’t the High One send on me too a
little brightness?”

This new wave of hope swept aside the fact that she was the
“greenhorn” janitress, that she was twenty-two and dowryless, and,
according to the traditions of her people, condemned to be shelved
aside as an unmated thing--a creature of pity and ridicule.

“I can’t help it how old I am or how poor I am!” she burst out to
the deaf and dumb air. “I want a little life! I want a little joy!”

The bell rang sharply, and as she turned to answer the call, she saw a
young man at the doorway--a framed picture of her innermost dreams.

The stranger spoke.

Shenah Pessah did not hear the words, she heard only the music of his
voice. She gazed fascinated at his clothes--the loose Scotch tweeds,
the pongee shirt, a bit open at the neck, but she did not see him or
the things he wore. She only felt an irresistible presence seize her
soul. It was as though the god of her innermost longings had suddenly
taken shape in human form and lifted her in mid-air.

“Does the janitor live here?” the stranger repeated.

Shenah Pessah nodded.

“Can you show me the room to let?”

“Yes, right away, but wait only a minute,” stammered Shenah Pessah,
fumbling for the key on the shelf.

“Don’t fly into the air!” She tried to reason with her wild,
throbbing heart, as she walked upstairs with him. In an effort to
down the chaos of emotion that shook her she began to talk nervously:
“Mrs. Stein who rents out the room ain’t going to be back till
the evening, but I can tell you the price and anything you want to
know. She’s a grand cook and you can eat by her your breakfast and
dinner--” She did not have the slightest notion of what she was
saying, but talked on in a breathless stream lest he should hear the
loud beating of her heart.

“Could I have a drop-light put in here?” the man asked, as he
looked about the room.

Shenah Pessah stole a quick, shy glance at him. “Are you maybe a
teacher or a writing man?”

“Yes, sometimes I teach,” he said, studying her, drawn by the
struggling soul of her that cried aloud to him out of her eyes.

“I could tell right away that you must be some kind of a somebody,”
she said, looking up with wistful worship in her eyes. “Ach, how
grand it must be to live only for learning and thinking.”

“Is this your home?”

“I never had a home since I was eight years old. I was living by
strangers even in Russia.”

“Russia?” he repeated with quickened attention. So he was in their
midst, the people he had come to study. The girl with her hungry eyes
and intense eagerness now held a new interest for him.

John Barnes, the youngest instructor of sociology in his university,
congratulated himself at his good fortune in encountering such a
splendid type for his research. He was preparing his thesis on the
“Educational Problems of the Russian Jews,” and in order to get
into closer touch with his subject, he had determined to live on the
East Side during his spring and summer vacation.

He went on questioning her, unconsciously using all the compelling
power that made people open their hearts to him. “And how long have
you been here?”

“Two years already.”

“You seem to be fond of study. I suppose you go to night-school?”

“I never yet stepped into a night-school since I came to
America. From where could I get the time? My uncle is such an old man
he can’t do much and he got already used to leave the whole house
on me.”

“You stay with your uncle, then?”

“Yes, my uncle sent for me the ticket for America when my aunt was
yet living. She got herself sick. And what could an old man like him do
with only two hands?”

“Was that sufficient reason for you to leave your homeland?”

“What did I have out there in Savel that I should be afraid to
lose? The cows that I used to milk had it better than me. They got at
least enough to eat and me slaving from morning till night went around

“You poor child!” broke from the heart of the man, the scientific
inquisition of the sociologist momentarily swept away by his human

Who had ever said “poor child” to her--and in such a voice? Tears
gathered in Shenah Pessah’s eyes. For the first time she mustered
the courage to look straight at him. The man’s face, his voice, his
bearing, so different from any one she had ever known, and yet what was
there about him that made her so strangely at ease with him? She went
on talking, led irresistibly by the friendly glow in his eyes.

“I got yet a lot of luck. I learned myself English from a Jewish
English reader, and one of the boarders left me a grand book. When I
only begin to read, I forget I’m on this world. It lifts me on wings
with high thoughts.” Her whole face and figure lit up with animation
as she poured herself out to him.

“So even in the midst of these sordid surroundings were ‘wings’
and ‘high thoughts,’” he mused. Again the gleam of the visionary--the
eternal desire to reach out and up, which was the predominant
racial trait of the Russian immigrant.

“What is the name of your book?” he continued, taking advantage of
this providential encounter.

“The book is ‘Dreams,’ by Olive Schreiner.”

“H--m,” he reflected. “So these are the ‘wings’ and ‘high
thoughts.’ No wonder the blushes--the tremulousness. What an
opportunity for a psychological test-case, and at the same time I could
help her by pointing the way out of her nebulous emotionalism and place
her feet firmly on earth.” He made a quick, mental note of certain
books that he would place in her hands and wondered how she would
respond to them.

“Do you belong to a library?”

“Library? How? Where?”

Her lack of contact with Americanizing agencies appalled him.

“I’ll have to introduce you to the library when I come to live
here,” he said.

“Oi-i! You really like it, the room?” Shenah Pessah clapped her
hands in a burst of uncontrollable delight.

“I like the room very much, and I shall be glad to take it if you can
get it ready for me by next week.”

Shenah Pessah looked up at the man. “Do you mean it? You really
want to come and live here, in this place? The sky is falling to the

“Live here?” Most decidedly he would live here. He became suddenly
enthusiastic. But it was the enthusiasm of the scientist for the
specimen of his experimentation--of the sculptor for the clay that
would take form under his touch.

“I’m coming here to live--” He was surprised at the eager
note in his voice, the sudden leaven of joy that surged through his
veins. “And I’m going to teach you to read sensible books, the kind
that will help you more than your dream book.”

Shenah Pessah drank in his words with a joy that struck back as
fear lest this man--the visible sign of her answered prayer--would
any moment be snatched up and disappear in the heavens where he
belonged. With a quick leap toward him she seized his hand in both
her own. “Oi, mister! Would you like to learn me English lessons
too? I’ll wash for you your shirts for it. If you would even only
talk to me, it would be more to me than all the books in the world.”

He instinctively recoiled at this outburst of demonstrativeness. His
eyes narrowed and his answer was deliberate. “Yes, you ought to learn
English,” he said, resuming his professional tone, but the girl was
too overwrought to notice the change in his manner.

“There it is,” he thought to himself on his way out. “The whole
gamut of the Russian Jew--the pendulum swinging from abject servility
to boldest aggressiveness.”

Shenah Pessah remained standing and smiling to herself after Mr. Barnes
left. She did not remember a thing she had said. She only felt herself
whirling in space, millions of miles beyond the earth. The god of
dreams had arrived and nothing on earth could any longer hold her down.

Then she hurried back to the basement and took up the broken piece
of mirror that stood on the shelf over the sink and gazed at her face
trying to see herself through his eyes. “Was it only pity that made
him stop to talk to me? Or can it be that he saw what’s inside me?”

Her eyes looked inward as she continued to talk to herself in the

“God from the world!” she prayed. “I’m nothing and nobody now,
but ach! How beautiful I would become if only the light from his eyes
would fall on me!”

Covering her flushed face with her hands as if to push back the tumult
of desire that surged within her, she leaned against the wall. “Who
are you to want such a man?” she sobbed.

“But no one is too low to love God, the Highest One. There is no
high in love and there is no low in love. Then why am I too low to love

“Shenah Pessah!” called her uncle angrily. “What are you standing
there like a yok, dreaming in the air? Don’t you hear the tenants
knocking on the pipes? They are hollering for the hot water. You let
the fire go out.”

At the sound of her uncle’s voice all her “high thoughts”
fled. The mere reminder of the furnace with its ashes and cinders
smothered her buoyant spirits and again she was weighed down by the
strangling yoke of her hateful, daily round.

It was evening when she got through with her work. To her surprise she
did not feel any of the old weariness. It was as if her feet danced
under her. Then from the open doorway of their kitchen she overheard
Mrs. Melker, the matchmaker, talking to her uncle.

“Motkeh, the fish-peddler, is looking for a wife to cook him his
eating and take care on his children,” she was saying in her shrill,
grating voice. “So I thought to myself this is a golden chance for
Shenah Pessah to grab. You know a girl in her years and without money,
a single man wouldn’t give a look on her.”

Shenah Pessah shuddered. She wanted to run away from the branding
torture of their low talk, but an unreasoning curiosity drew her to

“Living is so high,” went on Mrs. Melker, “that single men
don’t want to marry themselves even to _young_ girls, except if
they can get themselves into a family with money to start them up
in business. It is Shenah Pessah’s luck yet that Motkeh likes good
eating and he can’t stand it any more the meals in a restaurant. He
heard from people what a good cook and housekeeper Shenah Pessah is, so
he sent me around to tell you he would take her as she stands without
a cent.”

Mrs. Melker dramatically beat her breast. “I swear I shouldn’t live
to go away from here alive, I shouldn’t live to see my own children
married if I’m talking this match for the few dollars that Motkeh
will pay me for it, but because I want to do something good for a poor
orphan. I’m a mother, and it weeps in me my heart to see a girl in
her years and not married.”

“And who’ll cook for me my eating, if I’ll let her go?” broke
out her uncle angrily. “And who’ll do me my work? Didn’t I spend
out fifty dollars to send for her the ticket to America? Oughtn’t I
have a little use from her for so many dollars I laid out on her?”

“Think on God!” remonstrated Mrs. Melker. “The girl is an orphan
and time is pushing itself on her. Do you want her to sit till her
braids grow gray, before you’ll let her get herself a man? It stands
in the Talmud that a man should take the last bite away from his mouth
to help an orphan get married. You’d beg yourself out a place in
heaven in the next world--”

“In America a person can’t live on hopes for the next world. In
America everybody got to look out for himself. I’d have to give up
the janitor’s work to let her go, and then where would I be?”

“You lived already your life. Give her also a chance to lift up
her head in the world. Couldn’t you get yourself in an old man’s

“These times you got to have money even in an old man’s home. You
know how they say, if you oil the wheels you can ride. With dry hands
you can’t get nothing in America.”

“So you got no pity on an orphan and your own relation? All her young
years she choked herself in darkness and now comes already a little
light for her, a man that can make a good living wants her--”

“And who’ll have pity on me if I’ll let her out from my
hands? Who is this Motkeh, anyway? Is he good off? Would I also
have a place where to lay my old head? Where stands he out with his

“On Essex Street near Delancey.”

“Oi-i! You mean Motkeh Pelz? Why, I know him yet from years ago. They
say his wife died him from hunger. She had to chew the earth before she
could beg herself out a cent from him. By me Shenah Pessah has at least
enough to eat and shoes on her feet. I ask you only is it worth already
to grab a man if you got to die from hunger for it?”

Shenah Pessah could listen no longer.

“Don’t you worry yourself for me,” she commanded, charging into
the room. “Don’t take pity on my years. I’m living in America,
not in Russia. I’m not hanging on anybody’s neck to support me. In
America, if a girl earns her living, she can be fifty years old and
without a man, and nobody pities her.”

Seizing her shawl, she ran out into the street. She did not know where
her feet carried her. She had only one desire--to get away. A fierce
rebellion against everything and everybody raged within her and goaded
her on until she felt herself choked with hate.

All at once she visioned a face and heard a voice. The blacker, the
more stifling the ugliness of her prison, the more luminous became the
light of the miraculous stranger who had stopped for a moment to talk
to her. It was as though inside a pit of darkness the heavens opened
and hidden hopes began to sing.

Her uncle was asleep when she returned. In the dim gaslight she
looked at his yellow, care-crushed face with new compassion in
her heart. “Poor old man!” she thought, as she turned to her
room. “Nothing beautiful never happened to him. What did he have in
life outside the worry for bread and rent? Who knows, maybe if such a
god of men would have shined on him--” She fell asleep and she awoke
with visions opening upon visions of new, gleaming worlds of joy and
hope. She leaped out of bed singing a song she had not heard since she
was a little child in her mother’s home.

Several times during the day, she found herself, at the broken mirror,
arranging and rearranging her dark mass of unkempt hair with fumbling
fingers. She was all a-tremble with breathless excitement to imitate
the fluffy style of the much-courted landlady’s daughter.

For the first time she realized how shabby and impossible her clothes
were. “Oi weh!” she wrung her hands. “I’d give away everything
in the world only to have something pretty to wear for him. My whole
life hangs on how I’ll look in his eyes. I got to have a hat and a
new dress. I can’t no more wear my ‘greenhorn’ shawl going out
with an American.

“But from where can I get the money for new clothes? Oi weh! How
bitter it is not to have the dollar! Woe is me! No mother, no friend,
nobody to help me lift myself out of my greenhorn rags.”

“Why not pawn the feather bed your mother left you?” She jumped at
the thought.

“What? Have you no heart? No feelings? Pawn the only one thing left
from your dead mother?

“Why not? Nothing is too dear for him. If your mother could stand up
from her grave, she’d cut herself in pieces, she’d tear the sun and
stars out from the sky to make you beautiful for him.”

Late one evening Zaretsky sat in his pawnshop, absorbed in counting the
money of his day’s sales, when Shenah Pessah, with a shawl over her
head and a huge bundle over her shoulder, edged her way hesitantly into
the store. Laying her sacrifice down on the counter, she stood dumbly
and nervously fingered the fringes of her shawl.

The pawnbroker lifted his miserly face from the cash-box and shot a
quick glance at the girl’s trembling figure.

“Nu?” said Zaretsky, in his cracked voice, cutting the twine from
the bundle and unfolding a feather bed. His appraising hand felt that
it was of the finest down. “How much ask you for it?”

The fiendish gleam of his shrewd eyes paralyzed her with terror. A lump
came in her throat and she wavered speechless.

“I’ll give you five dollars,” said Zaretsky.

“Five dollars?” gasped Shenah Pessah. Her hands rushed back
anxiously to the feather bed and her fingers clung to it as if it
were a living thing. She gazed panic-stricken at the gloomy interior
of the pawnshop with its tawdry jewels in the cases; the stacks of
second-hand clothing hanging overhead, back to the grisly face of the
pawnbroker. The weird tickings that came from the cheap clocks on the
shelves behind Zaretsky, seemed to her like the smothered heart-beats
of people who like herself had been driven to barter their last
precious belongings for a few dollars.

“Is it for yourself that you come?” he asked, strangely stirred by
the mute anguish in the girl’s eyes. This morgue of dead belongings
had taken its toll of many a pitiful victim of want. But never
before had Zaretsky been so affected. People bargained and rebelled
and struggled with him on his own plane. But the dumb helplessness of
this girl and her coming to him at such a late hour touched the man’s

“Is it for yourself?” he repeated, in a softened tone.

The new note of feeling in his voice made her look up. The hard, crafty
expression on his face had given place to a look of sympathy.

“Yes, it’s mine, from my mother,” she stammered, brokenly. “The
last memory from Russia. How many winters it took my mother to pick
together the feathers. She began it when I was yet a little baby in the
cradle--and--” She covered her face with her shawl and sobbed.

“Any one sick? Why do you got to pawn it?”

She raised her tear-stained face and mutely looked at him. How could
she explain and how could he possibly understand her sudden savage
desire for clothes?

Zaretsky, feeling that he had been clumsy and tactless, hastened to
add, “Nu--I’ll give you--a--a--a--ten dollars,” he finished with
a motion of his hand, as if driving from him the onrush of generosity
that seized him.

“Oi, mister!” cried Shenah Pessah, as the man handed her the
bill. “You’re saving me my life! God will pay you for this
goodness.” And crumpling the money in her hand, she hurried back home

The following evening, as soon as her work was over, Shenah Pessah
scurried through the ghetto streets, seeking in the myriad-colored shop
windows the one hat and the one dress that would voice the desire of
her innermost self. At last she espied a shining straw with cherries so
red, so luscious, that they cried out to her, “Bite me!” That was
the hat she bought.

The magic of those cherries on her hat brought back to her the green
fields and orchards of her native Russia. Yes, a green dress was what
she craved. And she picked out the greenest, crispest organdie.

That night, as she put on her beloved colors, she vainly tried to see
herself from head to foot, but the broken bit of a mirror that she
owned could only show her glorious parts of her. Her clothes seemed
to enfold her in flames of desire leaping upon desire. “Only to be
beautiful! Only to be beautiful!” she murmured breathlessly. “Not
for myself, but only for him.”

Time stood still for Shenah Pessah as she counted the days, the hours,
and the minutes for the arrival of John Barnes. At last, through her
basement window, she saw him walk up the front steps. She longed to go
over to him and fling herself at his feet and cry out to him with what
hunger of heart she awaited his coming. But the very intensity of her
longing left her faint and dumb.

He passed to his room. Later, she saw him walk out without even
stopping to look at her. The next day and the day after, she watched
him from her hidden corner pass in and out of the house, but still he
did not come to her.

Oh, how sweet it was to suffer the very hurt of his oblivion of
her! She gloried in his great height that made him so utterly unaware
of her existence. It was enough for her worshiping eyes just to glimpse
him from afar. What was she to him? Could she expect him to greet
the stairs on which he stepped? Or take notice of the door that swung
open for him? After all, she was nothing but part of the house. So why
should he take notice of her? She was the steps on which he walked. She
was the door that swung open for him. And he did not know it.

For four evenings in succession, ever since John Barnes had come to
live in the house, Shenah Pessah arrayed herself in her new things
and waited. Was it not a miracle that he came the first time when
she did not even dream that he was on earth? So why shouldn’t the
miracle happen again? This evening, however, she was so spent with the
hopelessness of her longing that she had no energy left to put on her

All at once she was startled out of her apathy by a quick tap on her
window-pane. “How about going to the library, to-morrow evening?”
asked John Barnes.

“Oi-i-i! Yes! Thanks--” she stammered in confusion.

“Well, to-morrow night, then, at seven. Thank you.” He hurried out
embarrassed by the grateful look that shone to him out of her eyes. The
gaze haunted him and hurt him. It was the beseeching look of a homeless
dog, begging to be noticed. “Poor little immigrant,” he thought,
“how lonely she must be!”

“So he didn’t forget,” rejoiced Shenah Pessah. “How only the
sound from his voice opens the sky in my heart! How the deadness and
emptiness in me flames up into life! Ach! The sun is again beginning
to shine!”

An hour before the appointed time, Shenah Pessah dressed herself in
all her finery for John Barnes. She swung open the door and stood in
readiness watching the little clock on the mantel-shelf. The ticking
thing seemed to throb with the unutterable hopes compressed in her
heart, all the mute years of her stifled life. Each little thud of time
sang a wild song of released joy--the joy of his coming nearer.

For the tenth time Shenah Pessah went over in her mind what she would
say to him when he’d come.

“It was so kind from you to take from your dear time--to--”

“No--that sounds not good. I’ll begin like this--Mr. Barnes! I
can’t give it out in words your kindness, to stop from your high
thoughts to--to--”

“No--no! Oi weh! God from the world! Why should it be so hard for
me to say to him what I mean? Why shouldn’t I be able to say to him
plain out--Mr. Barnes! You are an angel from the sky! You are saving me
my life to let me only give a look on you! I’m happier than a bird in
the air when I think only that such goodness like you--”

The sudden ring of the bell shattered all her carefully rehearsed
phrases and she met his greeting in a flutter of confusion.

“My! Haven’t you blossomed out since last night!” exclaimed
Mr. Barnes, startled by Shenah Pessah’s sudden display of color.

“Yes,” she flushed, raising to him her radiant face. “I’m
through for always with old women’s shawls. This is my first American

“Splendid! So you want to be an American! The next step will be to
take up some work that will bring you in touch with American people.”

“Yes. You’ll help me? Yes?” Her eyes sought his with an appeal of
unquestioning reliance.

“Have you ever thought what kind of work you would like to take
up?” he asked, when they got out into the street.

“No--I want only to get away from the basement. I’m crazy for

“Would you like to learn a trade in a factory?”

“Anything--anything! I’m burning to learn. Give me only an
advice. What?”

“What can you do best with your hands?”

“With the hands the best? It’s all the same what I do with the
hands. Think you not maybe now, I could begin already something with
the head? Yes?”

“We’ll soon talk this over together, after you have read a book
that will tell you how to find out what you are best fitted for.”

When they entered the library, Shenah Pessah halted in awe. “What
a stillness full from thinking! So beautiful, it comes on me like

“Yes. This is quite a place,” he acquiesced, seeing again the
public library in a new light through her eyes. “Some of the best
minds have worked to give us just this.”

“How the book-ladies look so quiet like the things.”

“Yes,” he replied, with a tell-tale glance at her. “I too like to
see a woman’s face above her clothes.”

The approach of the librarian cut off further comment. As Mr. Barnes
filled out the application card, Shenah Pessah noted the librarian’s
simple attire. “What means he a woman’s face above her clothes?”
she wondered. And the first shadow of a doubt crossed her mind as to
whether her dearly bought apparel was pleasing to his eyes. In the
few brief words that passed between Mr. Barnes and the librarian,
Shenah Pessah sensed that these two were of the same world and that
she was different. Her first contact with him in a well-lighted room
made her aware that “there were other things to the person besides
the dress-up.” She had noticed their well-kept hands on the desk and
she became aware that her own were calloused and rough. That is why she
felt her dirty finger-nails curl in awkwardly to hide themselves as she
held the pen to sign her name.

When they were out in the street again, he turned to her and said,
“If you don’t mind, I’d prefer to walk back. The night is so fine
and I’ve been in the stuffy office all day.”

“I don’t mind”--the words echoed within her. If he only knew how
above all else she wanted this walk.

“It was grand in there, but the electric lights are like so many eyes
looking you over. In the street it is easier for me. The dark covers
you up so good.”

He laughed, refreshed by her unconscious self-revelation.

“As long as you feel in your element let’s walk on to the pier.”

“Like for a holiday, it feels itself in me,” she bubbled, as he
took her arm in crossing the street. “Now see I America for the first

It was all so wonderful to Barnes that in the dirt and noise of the
overcrowded ghetto, this erstwhile drudge could be transfigured into
such a vibrant creature of joy. Even her clothes that had seemed so
bold and garish awhile ago, were now inexplicably in keeping with the
carnival spirit that he felt steal over him.

As they neared the pier, he reflected strangely upon the fact that
out of the thousands of needy, immigrant girls whom he might have
befriended, this eager young being at his side was ordained by some
peculiar providence to come under his personal protection.

“How long did you say you have been in this country, Shenah

“How long?” She echoed his words as though waking from a
dream. “It’s two years already. But that didn’t count life. From
now on I live.”

“And you mean to tell me that in all this time, no one has taken you
by the hand and shown you the ways of our country? The pity of it!”

“I never had nothing, nor nobody. But now--it dances under me the
whole earth! It feels in me grander than dreams!”

He drank in the pure joy out of her eyes. For the moment, the girl
beside him was the living flame of incarnate Spring.

“He feels for me,” she rejoiced, as they walked on in silence. The
tenderness of his sympathy enfolded her like some blessed warmth.

When they reached the end of the pier, they paused and watched the
moonlight playing on the water. In the shelter of a truck they felt
benignly screened from any stray glances of the loiterers near by.

How big seemed his strength as he stood silhouetted against the
blue night! For the first time Shenah Pessah noticed the splendid
straightness of his shoulders. The clean glowing youth of him drew her
like a spell.

“Ach! Only to keep always inside my heart the kindness, the
gentlemanness that shines from his face,” thought Shenah Pessah,
instinctively nestling closer.

“Poor little immigrant!” murmured John Barnes. “How lonely, how
barren your life must have been till--” In an impulse of compassion,
his arms opened and Shenah Pessah felt her soul swoon in ecstasy as he
drew her toward him.

                   *       *       *       *       *

It was three days since the eventful evening on the pier and Shenah
Pessah had not seen John Barnes since. He had vanished like a dream,
and yet he was not a dream. He was the only thing real in the unreal
emptiness of her unlived life. She closed her eyes and she saw again
his face with its joy-giving smile. She heard again his voice and felt
again his arms around her as he kissed her lips. Then in the midst of
her sweetest visioning a gnawing emptiness seized her and the cruel
ache of withheld love sucked dry all those beautiful feelings his
presence inspired. Sometimes there flashed across her fevered senses
the memory of his compassionate endearments: “Poor lonely little
immigrant!” And she felt his sweet words smite her flesh with their
cruel mockery.

She went about her work with restlessness. At each step, at each
sound, she started, “Maybe it’s him! Maybe!” She could not fall
asleep at night, but sat up in bed writing and tearing up letters to
him. The only lull to the storm that uprooted her being was in trying
to tell him how every throb within her clamored for him, but the most
heart-piercing cry that she could utter only stabbed her heart with the
futility of words.

In the course of the week it was Shenah Pessah’s duty to clean
Mrs. Stein’s floor. This brought her to Mr. Barnes’s den in his
absence. She gazed about her, calling up his presence at the sight of
his belongings.

“How fine to the touch is the feel from everything his,” she
sighed, tenderly resting her cheek on his dressing-gown. With a timid
hand she picked up a slipper that stood beside his bed and she pressed
it to her heart reverently. “I wish I was this leather thing only
to hold his feet!” Then she turned to his dresser and passed her
hands caressingly over the ivory things on it. “Ach! You lucky
brush--smoothing his hair every day!”

All at once she heard footsteps, and before she could collect her
thoughts, he entered. Her whole being lit up with the joy of his
coming. But one glance at him revealed to her the changed expression
that darkened his face. His arms hung limply at his side--the arms she
expected to stretch out to her and enfold her. As if struck in the face
by his heartless rebuff, she rushed out blindly.

“Just a minute, please,” he managed to detain her. “As a
gentleman, I owe you an apology. That night--it was a passing moment of
forgetfulness. It’s not to happen again--”

Before he had finished, she had run out scorched with shame by his

“Good Lord!” he ejaculated, when he found he was alone. “Who’d
ever think that she would take it so? I suppose there is no use trying
to explain to her.”

For some time he sat on his bed, staring ruefully. Then, springing
to his feet, he threw his things together in a valise. “You’d
be a cad if you did not clear out of here at once,” he muttered to
himself. “No matter how valuable the scientific inquiry might prove
to be, you can’t let the girl run away with herself.”

Shenah Pessah was at the window when she saw John Barnes go out with
his suitcases.

“In God’s name, don’t leave me!” she longed to cry out. “You
are the only bit of light that I ever had, and now it will be darker
and emptier for my eyes than ever before!” But no voice could rise
out of her parched lips. She felt a faintness stunning her senses as
though some one had cut open the arteries of her wrists and all the
blood rushed out of her body.

“Oi weh!” she moaned. “Then it was all nothing to him. Why did
he make bitter to me the little sweetness that was dearer to me than my
life? What means he a gentleman?

“Why did he make me to shame telling me he didn’t mean nothing? Is
it because I’m not a lady alike to him? Is a gentleman only a
make-believe man?”

With a defiant resolve she seized hold of herself and rose to her
feet. “Show him what’s in you. If it takes a year, or a million
years, you got to show him you’re a person. From now on, you got
why to live. You got to work not with the strength of one body and
one brain, but with the strength of a million bodies and a million
brains. By day and by night, you got to push, push yourself up till you
get to him and can look him in his face eye to eye.”

Spent by the fervor of this new exaltation, she sat with her head in
her hands in a dull stupor. Little by little the darkness cleared from
her soul and a wistful serenity crept over her. She raised her face
toward the solitary ray of sunlight that stole into her basement room.

“After all, he done for you more than you could do for him. You owe
it to him the deepest, the highest he waked up in you. He opened the
wings of your soul.”


Shenah Pessah paused in the midst of scrubbing the stairs of the
tenement. “Ach!” she sighed. “How can his face still burn so in
me when he is so long gone? How the deadness in me flames up with life
at the thought of him!”

The dark hallway seemed flooded with white radiance. She closed her
eyes that she might see more vividly the beloved features. The glowing
smile that healed all ills of life and changed her from the weary
drudge into the vibrant creature of joy.

It was all a miracle--his coming, this young professor from one of
the big colleges. He had rented a room in the very house where she was
janitress so as to be near the people he was writing about. But more
wonderful than all was the way he stopped to talk to her, to question
her about herself as though she were his equal. What warm friendliness
had prompted him to take her out of her dark basement to the library
where there were books to read!

And then--that unforgettable night on the way home, when the air was
poignant with spring! Only a moment--a kiss--a pressure of hands! And
the world shone with light--the empty, unlived years filled with love!

She was lost in dreams of her one hour of romance when a woman elbowed
her way through the dim passage, leaving behind her the smell of
herring and onions.

Shenah Pessah gripped the scrubbing-brush with suppressed
fury. “Meshugeneh! Did you not swear to yourself that you would tear
his memory out from your heart? If he would have been only a man I
could have forgotten him. But he was not a man! He was God Himself! On
whatever I look shines his face!”

The white radiance again suffused her. The brush dropped from her
hand. “He--he is the beating in my heart! He is the life in me--the
hope in me--the breath of prayer in me! If not for him in me, then
what am I? Deadness--emptiness--nothingness! You are going out of your
head. You are living only on rainbows. He is no more real--

“What is real? These rags I wear? This pail? This black hole? Or
him and the dreams of him?” She flung her challenge to the murky

“Shenah Pessah! A black year on you!” came the answer from the
cellar below. It was the voice of her uncle, Moisheh Rifkin.

“Oi weh!” she shrugged young shoulders, wearied by joyless
toil. “He’s beginning with his hollering already.” And she
hurried down.

“You piece of earth! Worms should eat you! How long does it take
you to wash up the stairs?” he stormed. “Yesterday, the eating was
burned to coal; and to-day you forget the salt.”

“What a fuss over a little less salt!”

“In the Talmud it stands a man has a right to divorce his wife for
only forgetting him the salt in his soup.”

“Maybe that’s why Aunt Gittel went to the grave before her
time--worrying how to please your taste in the mouth.”

The old man’s yellow, shriveled face stared up at her out of the
gloom. “What has he from life? Only his pleasure in eating and going
to the synagogue. How long will he live yet?” And moved by a surge of
pity, “Why can’t I be a little kind to him?”

“Did you chop me some herring and onions?” he interrupted harshly.

She flushed with conscious guilt. Again she wondered why ugly things
and ugly smells so sickened her.

“What don’t you forget?” His voice hammered upon her ears. “No
care lays in your head. You’re only dreaming in the air.”

Her compassion was swept away in a wave of revolt that left her
trembling. “I can’t no more stand it from you! Get yourself
somebody else!” She was surprised at her sudden spirit.

“You big mouth, you! That’s your thanks for saving you from

“Two years already I’m working the nails off my fingers and you
didn’t give me a cent.”

“Beggerin! Money yet, you want? The minute you get enough to eat
you turn up your head with freshness. Are you used to anything from
home? What were you out there in Savel? The dirt under people’s
feet. You’re already forgetting how you came off from the ship--a
bundle of rags full of holes. If you lived in Russia a hundred years
would you have lived to wear a pair of new shoes on your feet?”

“Other girls come naked and with nothing to America and they work
themselves up. Everybody gets wages in America--”

“Americanerin! Didn’t I spend out enough money on your ship-ticket
to have a little use from you? A thunder should strike you!”

Shenah Pessah’s eyes flamed. Her broken finger-nails pierced the
callous flesh of her hands. So this was the end--the awakening of her
dreams of America! Her memory went back to the time her ship-ticket
came. In her simple faith she had really believed that they wanted
her--her father’s brother and his wife who had come to the new
world before ever she was born. She thought they wanted to give her a
chance for happiness, for life and love. And then she came--to find
the paralytic aunt--housework--janitor’s drudgery. Even after her
aunt’s death, she had gone on uncomplainingly, till her uncle’s
nagging had worn down her last shred of self-control.

“It’s the last time you’ll holler on me!” she cried. “You’ll
never see my face again if I got to go begging in the street.”
Seizing her shawl, she rushed out. “Woe is me! Bitter is
me! For what is my life? Why didn’t the ship go under and drown me
before I came to America?”

Through the streets, like a maddened thing, she raced, not knowing
where she was going, not caring. “For what should I keep on
suffering? Who needs me? Who wants me? I got nobody--nobody!”

And then the vision of the face she worshiped flashed before her. His
beautiful kindness that had once warmed her into new life breathed over
her again. “Why did he ever come but to lift me out of my darkness
into his light?”

Instinctively her eyes sought the rift of blue above the tenement roofs
and were caught by a boldly printed placard: “HANDS WANTED.” It
was as though the sign swung open on its hinges like a door and arms
stretched out inviting her to enter. From the sign she looked to her
own hands--vigorous, young hands--made strong through toil.

Hope leaped within her. “Maybe I got yet luck to have it good in this
world. Ach! God from the sky! I’m so burning to live--to work myself
up for a somebody! And why not?” With clenched fist she smote her
bosom. “Ain’t everything possible in the new world? Why is America
but to give me the chance to lift up my head with everybody alike?”

Her feet scarcely touched the steps as she ran up. But when she reached
the huge, iron door of Cohen Brothers, a terror seized her. “Oi
weh! They’ll give a look on my greenhorn rags, and down I go--For
what are you afraid, you fool?” she commanded herself. “You come
not to beg. They need hands. Don’t the sign say so? And you got good,
strong hands that can turn over the earth with their strength. America
is before you. You’ll begin to earn money. You’ll dress yourself
up like a person and men will fall on their knees to make love to
you--even him--himself!”

All fear had left her. She flung open the door and beheld the wonder
of a factory--people--people--seas of bent heads and busy hands of
people--the whirr of machinery--flying belts--the clicking clatter of
whirling wheels--all seemed to blend and fuse into one surging song of
hope--of new life--a new world--America!

A man, his arms heaped with a bundle of shirts, paused at sight of the
radiant face. Her ruddy cheeks, the film of innocence shining out of
eyes that knew no guile, carried him back to the green fields and open
plains of his native Russia.

“Her mother’s milk is still fresh on her lips,” he murmured, as
his gaze enveloped her.

The bundle slipped and fell to her feet. Their eyes met in spontaneous
recognition of common race. With an embarrassed laugh they stooped to
gather up the shirts.

“I seen downstairs hands wanted,” came in a faltering voice.

“Then you’re looking for work?” he questioned with keen
interest. She was so different from the others he had known in his five
years in this country. He was seized with curiosity to know more.

“You ain’t been long in America?” His tone was an unconscious

“Two years already,” she confessed. “But I ain’t so green like
I look,” she added quickly, overcome by the old anxiety.

“Trust yourself on me,” Sam Arkin assured her. “I’m a feller
that knows himself on a person first off. I’ll take you to the office
myself. Wait only till I put away these things.”

Grinning with eagerness, he returned and together they sought the

“Good luck to you! I hope you’ll be pushed up soon to my floor,”
Sam Arkin encouraged, as he hurried back to his machine.

Because of the rush of work and the scarcity of help, Shenah Pessah was
hired without delay. Atremble with excitement, she tiptoed after the
foreman as he led the way into the workroom.

“Here, Sadie Kranz, is another learner for you.” He addressed a
big-bosomed girl, the most skillful worker in the place.

“Another greenhorn with a wooden head!” she whispered to her
neighbor as Shenah Pessah removed her shawl. “Gevalt! All these
greenhorn hands tear the bread from our mouths by begging to work so

But the dumb appeal of the immigrant stirred vague memories in Sadie
Kranz. As she watched her run her first seam, she marveled at her
speed. “I got to give it to you, you have a quick head.” There was
conscious condescension in her praise.

Shenah Pessah lifted a beaming face. “How kind it was from you to
learn me! You good heart!”

No one had ever before called Sadie Kranz “good heart.” The words
lingered pleasantly.

“Ut! I like to help anybody, so long it don’t cost me nothing. I
get paid by the week anyhow,” she half apologized.

Shenah Pessah was so thrilled with the novelty of the work, the
excitement of mastering the intricacies of her machine, that she
did not realize that the day was passed until the bell rang, the
machines came to a halt, and the “hands” made a wild rush for the

“Oi weh! Is it a fire?” Shenah Pessah blanched with dread.

Loud laughter quelled her fears. “Greenie! It’s six o’clock. Time
to go home,” chorused the voices.

“Home?” The cry broke from her. “Where will I go? I got
no home.” She stood bewildered, in the fast-dwindling crowd of
workers. Each jostling by her had a place to go. Of them all, she alone
was friendless, shelterless!

“Help me find a place to sleep!” she implored, seizing Sadie Kranz
by the sleeve of her velvet coat. “I got no people. I ran away.”

Sadie Kranz narrowed her eyes at the girl. A feeling of pity crept over
her at sight of the outstretched, hungry hands.

“I’ll fix you by me for the while.” And taking the shawl off the
shelf, she tossed it to the forlorn bundle of rags. “Come along. You
must be starved for some eating.”

As Shenah Pessah entered the dingy hall-room which Sadie Kranz called
home, its chill and squalor carried her back to the janitor’s
basement she had left that morning. In silence she watched her
companion prepare the hot dogs and potatoes on the oil-stove atop the
trunk. Such pressing sadness weighed upon her that she turned from even
the smell of food.

“My heart pulls me so to go back to my uncle.” She swallowed
hard her crust of black bread. “He’s so used to have me help
him. What’ll he do--alone?”

“You got to look out for yourself in this world.” Sadie Kranz
gesticulated with a hot potato. “With your quickness, you got a
chance to make money and buy clothes. You can go to shows--dances. And
who knows--maybe meet a man to get married.”

“Married? You know how it burns in every girl to get herself
married--that’s how it burns in me to work myself up for a person.”

“Ut! For what need you to work yourself up. Better marry yourself up
to a rich feller and you’re fixed for life.”

“But him I want--he ain’t just a man. He is--” She paused
seeking for words and a mist of longing softened the heavy peasant
features. “He is the golden hills on the sky. I’m as far from him
as the earth is from the stars.”

“Yok! Why wills itself in you the stars?” her companion ridiculed
between swallows.

Shenah Pessah flung out her hands with Jewish fervor. “Can I help
it what’s in my heart? It always longs in me for the higher. Maybe
he has long ago forgotten me, but only one hope drives in me like
madness--to make myself alike to him.”

“I’ll tell you the truth,” laughed Sadie Kranz, fishing in
the pot for the last frankfurter. “You are a little out of your
head--plain mehsugeh.”

“Mehsugeh?” Shenah Pessah rose to her feet vibrant with new
resolve. “Mehsugeh?” she challenged, her peasant youth afire with
ambition. “I’ll yet show the world what’s in me. I’ll not go
back to my uncle--till it rings with my name in America.”

She entered the factory, the next day, with a light in her face, a
sureness in her step that made all pause in wonder. “Look only! How
high she holds herself her head! Has the matchmaker promised her a

Then came her first real triumph. Shenah Pessah was raised above old
hands who had been in the shop for years and made assistant to Sam
Arkin, the man who had welcomed her that first day in the factory. As
she was shown to the bench beside him, she waited expectantly for a
word of welcome. None came. Instead, he bent the closer to his machine
and the hand that held the shirt trembled as though he were cold,
though the hot color flooded his face.

Resolutely, she turned to her work. She would show him how skillful she
had become in those few weeks. The seams sped under her lightning touch
when a sudden clatter startled her. She jumped up terror-stricken.

“The belt! The belt slipped! But it’s nothing, little bird,” Sam
Arkin hastened to assure her. “I’ll fix it.” And then the quick
warning, “Sh-h! The foreman is coming!”

Accustomed to her uncle’s harsh bickering, this man’s gentleness
overwhelmed her. There was something she longed to say that trembled on
her lips, but her voice refused to come.

Sam Arkin, too, was inarticulate. He felt he must talk to
her, must know more of her. Timidly he touched her sleeve.
“Lunch-time--here--wait for me,” he whispered, as the foreman

                   *       *       *       *       *

A shrill whistle--the switch thrown--the slowing-down of the machines,
then the deafening hush proclaiming noon. Followed the scraping of
chairs, raucous voices, laughter, and the rush on the line to reach
the steaming cauldron. One by one, as their cups of tea were filled,
the hungry workers dispersed into groups. Seated on window-sills,
table-tops, machines, and bales of shirts, they munched black bread and
herring and sipped tea from saucers. And over all rioted the acrid odor
of garlic and onions.

Rebecca Feist, the belle of the shop, pulled up the sleeve of
her Georgette waist and glanced down at her fifty-nine-cent silk
stocking. “A lot it pays for a girl to kill herself to dress
stylish. Give only a look on Sam Arkin, how stuck he is on that new

There followed a chorus of voices. “Such freshness! We been in the
shop so long and she just gives a come-in and grabs the cream as if
it’s coming to her.”

“It’s her innocent-looking baby eyes that fools him in--”

“Innocent! Pfui! These make-believe innocent girls! Leave it to
them! They know how to shine themselves up to a feller!”

Bleemah Levine, a stoop-shouldered, old hand, grown gray with
the grayness of unrelieved drudgery, cast a furtive look in the
direction of the couple. “Ach! The little bit of luck! Not looks, not
smartness, but only luck, and the world falls to your feet.” Her lips
tightened with envy. “It’s her greenhorn, red cheeks--”

Rebecca Feist glanced at herself in the mirror of her vanity
bag. It was a pretty, young face, but pale and thin from
undernourishment. Adroitly applying a lip-stick, she cried indignantly:
“I wish I could be such a false thing like her. But only, I’m too
natural--the hypocrite!”

Sadie Kranz rose to her friend’s defense. “What are you falling on
her like a pack of wild dogs, just because Sam Arkin gives a smile on
her? He ain’t marrying her yet, is he?”

“We don’t say nothing against her,” retorted Rebecca Feist,
tapping her diamond-buckled foot, “only, she pushes herself too
much. Give her a finger and she’ll grab your whole hand. Is there a
limit to the pushings of such a green animal? Only a while ago, she was
a learner, a nobody, and soon she’ll jump over all our heads and make
herself for a forelady.”

Sam Arkin, seated beside Shenah Pessah on the window-sill, had
forgotten that it was lunch-hour and that he was savagely hungry. “It
shines so from your eyes,” he beamed. “What happy thoughts lay in
your head?”

“Ach! When I give myself a look around on all the people laughing and
talking, it makes me so happy I’m one of them.”

“Ut! These Americanerins! Their heads is only on ice-cream soda and

“But it makes me feel so grand to be with all these hands
alike. It’s as if I just got out from the choking prison into the
open air of my own people.”

She paused for breath--a host of memories overpowering her. “I
can’t give it out in words,” she went on. “But just as there
ain’t no bottom to being poor, there ain’t no bottom to being
lonely. Before, everything I done was alone, by myself. My heart hurt
so with hunger for people. But here, in the factory, I feel I’m with
everybody together. Just the sight of people lifts me on wings in the

Opening her bag of lunch which had lain unheeded in her lap, she turned
to him with a queer, little laugh, “I don’t know why I’m so
talking myself out to you--”

“Only talk more. I want to know everything about yourself.” An
aching tenderness rushed out of his heart to her, and in his grave
simplicity he told her how he had overheard one of the girls say that
she, Shenah Pessah, looked like a “greeneh yenteh,” just landed
from the ship, so that he cried out, “Gottuniu! If only the doves
from the sky were as beautiful!”

They looked at each other solemnly--the girl’s lips parted, her eyes
wide and serious.

“That first day I came to the shop, the minute I gave a look on you,
I felt right away, here’s somebody from home. I used to tremble so
to talk to a man, but you--you--I could talk myself out to you like
thinking in myself.”

“You’re all soft silk and fine velvet,” he breathed reverently.
“In this hard world, how could such fineness be?”

An embarrassed silence fell between them as she knotted and unknotted
her colored kerchief.

“I’ll take you home? Yes?” he found voice at last.

Under lowered lashes she smiled her consent.

“I’ll wait for you downstairs, closing time.” And he was gone.

The noon hour was not yet over, but Shenah Pessah returned to her
machine. “Shall I tell him?” she mused. “Sam Arkin understands so
much, shall I tell him of this man that burns in me? If I could only
give out to some one about him in my heart--it would make me a little
clear in the head.” She glanced at Sam Arkin furtively. “He’s
kind, but could he understand? I only made a fool from myself trying to
tell Sadie Kranz.” All at once she began to sob without reason. She
ran to the cloak-room and hid from prying eyes, behind the shawls
and wraps. The emptiness of all for which she struggled pressed upon
her like a dead weight, dragging her down, down--the reaction of her

As the gong sounded, she made a desperate effort to pull herself
together and returned to her work.

The six o’clock whistles still reverberated when Sam Arkin hurried
down the factory stairs and out to the corner where he was to meet
Shenah Pessah. He cleared his throat to greet her as she came, but all
he managed was a bashful grin. She was so near, so real, and he had so
much to say--if he only knew how to begin.

He cracked his knuckles and bit his finger-tips, but no words
came. “Ach! You yok! Why ain’t you saying something?” He wrestled
with his shyness in vain. The tense silence remained unbroken till they
reached her house.

“I’m sorry”--Shenah Pessah colored apologetically--“But I got
no place to invite you. My room is hardly big enough for a push-in of
one person.”

“What say you to a bite of eating with me?” he blurted.

She thought of her scant supper upstairs and would have responded
eagerly, but glancing down at her clothes, she hesitated. “Could I go
dressed like this in a restaurant?”

“You look grander plain, like you are, than those twisted up with
style. I’ll take you to the swellest restaurant on Grand Street and
be proud with you!”

She flushed with pleasure. “Nu, come on, then. It’s good to have a
friend that knows himself on what’s in you and not what’s on you,
but still, when I go to a place, I like to be dressed like a person so
I can feel like a person.”

“You’ll yet live to wear diamonds that will shine up the street
when you pass!” he cried.

Through streets growing black with swarming crowds of toil-released
workers they made their way. Sam Arkin’s thick hand rested with a
lightness new to him upon the little arm tucked under his. The haggling
pushcart peddlers, the newsboys screaming, “Tageblatt, Abendblatt,
Herold,” the roaring noises of the elevated trains resounded the
pæan of joy swelling his heart.

“America was good to me, but I never guessed how good till now.”
The words were out before he knew it. “Tell me only, what pulled you
to this country?”

“What pulls anybody here? The hope for the better. People who got it
good in the old world don’t hunger for the new.”

A mist filled her eyes at memory of her native village. “How I
suffered in Savel. I never had enough to eat. I never had shoes on
my feet. I had to go barefoot even in the freezing winter. But still
I love it. I was born there. I love the houses and the straw roofs,
the mud streets, the cows, the chickens and the goats. My heart always
hurts me for what is no more.”

The brilliant lights of Levy’s Café brought her back to Grand

“Here is it.” He led her in and over to a corner table. “Chopped
herring and onions for two,” he ordered with a flourish.

“Ain’t there some American eating on the card?” interposed Shenah

He laughed indulgently. “If I lived in America for a hundred years I
couldn’t get used to the American eating. What can make the mouth so
water like the taste and the smell from herring and onions?”

“There’s something in me--I can’t help--that so quickly takes on
to the American taste. It’s as if my outside skin only was Russian;
the heart in me is for everything of the new world--even the eating.”

“Nu, I got nothing to complain against America. I don’t like
the American eating, but I like the American dollar. Look only
on me!” He expanded his chest. “I came to America a ragged
nothing--and--see--” He exhibited a bank-book in four figures,
gesticulating grandly, “And I learned in America how to sign my

“Did it come hard to learn?” she asked under her breath.

“Hard?” His face purpled with excitement. “It would be easier for
me to lift up this whole house on my shoulders than to make one little
dot of a letter. When I took my pencil--Oi weh! The sweat would break
out on my face! ‘I can’t, I can’t!’ I cried, but something
in me jumped up. ‘You can--you yok--you must!’--Six months, night
after night, I stuck to it--and I learned to twist around the little
black hooks till it means--me--Sam Arkin.”

He had the rough-hewn features of the common people, but he lifted his
head with the pride of a king. “Since I can write out my name, I feel
I can do anything. I can sign checks, put money in the bank, or take it
out without nobody to help me.”

As Shenah Pessah listened, unconsciously she compared Sam Arkin,
glowing with the frank conceit of the self-made man, his neglected
teeth, thick, red lips, with that of the Other One--made ever more
beautiful with longings and dreams.

“But in all these black years, I was always hoping to get to the
golden country,” Sam Arkin’s voice went on, but she heard it as
from afar. “Before my eyes was always the shine of the high wages
and the easy money and I kept pushing myself from one city to another,
and saving and saving till I saved up enough for my ship-ticket to
the new world. And then when I landed here, I fell into the hands of a
cockroach boss.”

“A cockroach boss?” she questioned absently and reproached herself
for her inattention.

“A black year on him! He was a landsman, that’s how he fooled me
in. He used to come to the ship with a smiling face of welcome to all
the greenhorns what had nobody to go to. And then he’d put them to
work in his sweatshop and sweat them into their grave.”

“Don’t I know it?” she cried with quickened understanding.
“Just like my uncle, Moisheh Rifkin.”

“The blood-sucker!” he gasped. “When I think how I slaved for him
sixteen hours a day--for what? Nothing!”

She gently stroked his hand as one might a child in pain. He looked up
and smiled gratefully.

“I want to forget what’s already over. I got enough money now to
start for myself--maybe a tailor-shop--and soon--I--I want to marry
myself--but none of those crazy chickens for me.” And he seemed to
draw her unto himself by the intensity of his gaze.

Growing bolder, he exclaimed: “I got a grand idea. It’s Monday
and the bank is open yet till nine o’clock. I’ll write over my
bank-book on your name? Yes?”

“My name?” She fell back, dumbstruck.

“Yes--you--everything I only got--you--” he mumbled. “I’ll give
you dove’s milk to drink--silks and diamonds to wear--you’ll hold
all my money.”

She was shaken by this supreme proof of his devotion.

“But I--I can’t--I got to work myself up for a person. I got
a head. I got ideas. I can catch on to the Americans quicker’n

“My money can buy you everything. I’ll buy you teachers. I’ll
buy you a piano. I’ll make you for a lady. Right away you can stop
from work.” He leaned toward her, his eyes welling with tears of

“Take your hard-earned money? Could I be such a beggerin?”

“God from the world! You are dearer to me than the eyes from my
head! I’d give the blood from under my nails for you! I want only to
work for you--to live for you--to die for you--” He was spent with
the surge of his emotion.

Ach! To be loved as Sam Arkin loved! She covered her eyes, but it only
pressed upon her the more. Home, husband, babies, a bread-giver for

And the Other--a dream--a madness that burns you up alive. “You might
as well want to marry yourself to the President of America as to want
him. But I can’t help it. _Him and him only_ I want.”

She looked up again. “No--no!” she cried, cruel in the self-absorption
of youth and ambition. “You can’t make me for a person.
It’s not only that I got to go up higher, but I got to push
myself up by myself, by my own strength--”

“Nu, nu,” he sobbed. “I’ll not bother you with me--only give
you my everything. My bank-book is more than my flesh and blood--only
take it, to do what you want with it.”

Her eyes deepened with humility. “I know your goodness--but there’s
something like a wall around me--him in my heart.”

“Him?” The word hurled itself at him like a bomb-shell. He went
white with pain. And even she, immersed in her own thoughts, lowered
her head before the dumb suffering on his face. She felt she owed it to
him to tell him.

“I wanted to talk myself out to you about him yet before.--He ain’t
just a man. He is all that I want to be and am not yet. He is the
hunger of me for the life that ain’t just eating and sleeping and
slaving for bread.”

She pushed back her chair and rose abruptly. “I can’t be inside
walls when I talk of him. I need the earth, the whole free sky to
breathe when I think of him. Come out in the air.”

They walked for a time before either spoke. Sam Arkin followed where
she led through the crooked labyrinth of streets. The sight of the
young mothers with their nursing infants pressed to their bared bosoms
stabbed anew his hurt.

Shenah Pessah, blind to all but the vision that obsessed her, talked
on. “All that my mother and father and my mother’s mother and
father ever wanted to be is in him. This fire in me, it’s not just
the hunger of a woman for a man--it’s the hunger of all my people
back of me, from all ages, for light, for the life higher!”

A veil of silence fell between them. She felt almost as if it were a
sacrilege to have spoken of that which was so deeply centered within

Sam Arkin’s face became lifeless as clay. Bowed like an
old man, he dragged his leaden feet after him. The world was
dead--cold--meaningless. Bank-book, money--of what use were they
now? All his years of saving couldn’t win her. He was suffocated in

                   *       *       *       *       *

On they walked till they reached a deserted spot in the park. So spent
was he by his sorrow that he lost the sense of time or place or that
she was near.

Leaning against a tree, he stood, dumb, motionless, unutterable
bewilderment in his sunken eyes.

“I lived over the hunger for bread--but this--” He clutched at his
aching bosom. “Highest One, help me!” With his face to the ground
he sank, prostrate.

“Sam Arkin!” She bent over him tenderly. “I feel the emptiness of
words--but I got to get it out. All that you suffer I have suffered,
and must yet go on suffering. I see no end. But only--there is
a something--a hope--a help out--it lifts me on top of my hungry
body--the hunger to make from myself a person that can’t be crushed
by nothing nor nobody--the life higher!”

Slowly, he rose to his feet, drawn from his weakness by the spell of
her. “With one hand you throw me down and with the other you lift
me up to life again. Say to me only again, your words,” he pleaded,

“Sam Arkin! Give yourself your own strength!” She shook him
roughly. “I got no pity on you, no more than I got pity on me.”

He saw her eyes fill with light as though she were seeing something far
beyond them both. “This,” she breathed, “is only the beginning
of the hunger that will make from you a person who’ll yet ring in


“Oi weh! How it shines the beautifulness!” exulted Hanneh Hayyeh
over her newly painted kitchen. She cast a glance full of worship and
adoration at the picture of her son in uniform; eyes like her own,
shining with eagerness, with joy of life, looked back at her.

“Aby will not have to shame himself to come back to his old home,”
she rejoiced, clapping her hands--hands blistered from the paintbrush
and calloused from rough toil. “Now he’ll be able to invite all the
grandest friends he made in the army.”

The smell of the paint was suffocating, but she inhaled in it huge
draughts of hidden beauty. For weeks she had dreamed of it and felt in
each tin of paint she was able to buy, in each stroke of the brush, the
ecstasy of loving service for the son she idolized.

Ever since she first began to wash the fine silks and linens for
Mrs. Preston, years ago, it had been Hanneh Hayyeh’s ambition to have
a white-painted kitchen exactly like that in the old Stuyvesant Square
mansion. Now her own kitchen was a dream come true.

Hanneh Hayyeh ran in to her husband, a stoop-shouldered, care-crushed
man who was leaning against the bed, his swollen feet outstretched,
counting the pennies that totaled his day’s earnings.

“Jake Safransky!” she cried excitedly, “you got to come in and
give a look on my painting before you go to sleep.”

“Oi, let me alone. Give me only a rest.”

Too intoxicated with the joy of achievement to take no for an answer,
she dragged him into the doorway. “Nu? How do you like it? Do I know
what beautiful is?”

“But how much money did you spend out on that paint?”

“It was my own money,” she said, wiping the perspiration off her
face with a corner of her apron. “Every penny I earned myself from
the extra washing.”

“But you had ought save it up for the bad times. What’ll you do
when the cold weather starts in and the pushcart will not wheel itself

“I save and pinch enough for myself. This I done in honor for my
son. I want my Aby to lift up his head in the world. I want him to be
able to invite even the President from America to his home and shame

“You’d pull the bananas off a blind man’s pushcart to bring to
your Aby. You know nothing from holding tight to a dollar and saving a
penny to a penny like poor people should.”

“What do I got from living if I can’t have a little beautifulness
in my life? I don’t allow for myself the ten cents to go to a moving
picture that I’m crazy to see. I never yet treated myself to an
ice-cream soda even for a holiday. Shining up the house for Aby is my
only pleasure.”

“Yah, but it ain’t your house. It’s the landlord’s.”

“Don’t I live in it? I soak in pleasure from every inch of my
kitchen. Why, I could kiss the grand white color on the walls. It
lights up my eyes like sunshine in the room.”

Her glance traveled from the newly painted walls to the geranium on the
window-sill, and back to her husband’s face.

“Jake!” she cried, shaking him, “ain’t you got eyes? How can
you look on the way it dances the beautifulness from every corner and
not jump in the air from happiness?”

“I’m only thinking on the money you spent out on the landlord’s
house. Look only on me! I’m black from worry, but no care lays on
your head. It only dreams itself in you how to make yourself for an
American and lay in every penny you got on fixing out the house like
the rich.”

“I’m sick of living like a pig with my nose to the earth, all the
time only pinching and scraping for bread and rent. So long my Aby is
with America, I want to make myself for an American. I could tear the
stars out from heaven for my Aby’s wish.”

Her sunken cheeks were flushed and her eyes glowed with light as she
gazed about her.

“When I see myself around the house how I fixed it up with my own
hands, I forget I’m only a nobody. It makes me feel I’m also a
person like Mrs. Preston. It lifts me with high thoughts.”

“Why didn’t you marry yourself to a millionaire? You always want to
make yourself like Mrs. Preston who got millions laying in the bank.”

“But Mrs. Preston does make me feel that I’m alike with her,”
returned Hanneh Hayyeh, proudly. “Don’t she talk herself out to me
like I was her friend? Mrs. Preston says this war is to give everybody
a chance to lift up his head like a person. It is to bring together the
people on top who got everything and the people on the bottom who got
nothing. She’s been telling me about a new word--democracy. It got me
on fire. Democracy means that everybody in America is going to be with
everybody alike.”

“Och! Stop your dreaming out of your head. Close up your mouth from
your foolishness. Women got long hair and small brains,” he finished,
muttering as he went to bed.

At the busy gossiping hour of the following morning when the
butcher-shop was crowded with women in dressing-sacks and wrappers
covered over with shawls, Hanneh Hayyeh elbowed her way into the
clamorous babel of her neighbors.

“What are you so burning? What are you so flaming?”

“She’s always on fire with the wonders of her son.”

“The whole world must stop still to listen to what news her son
writes to her.”

“She thinks her son is the only one soldier by the American army.”

“My Benny is also one great wonder from smartness, but I ain’t such
a crazy mother like she.”

The voices of her neighbors rose from every corner, but Hanneh Hayyeh,
deaf to all, projected herself forward.

“What are you pushing yourself so wild? You ain’t going to get your
meat first. Ain’t it, Mr. Sopkin, all got to wait their turn?”

Mr. Sopkin glanced up in the midst of cutting apart a quarter of
meat. He wiped his knife on his greasy apron and leaned across the

“Nu? Hanneh Hayyeh?” his ruddy face beamed. “Have you another
letter from little Aby in France? What good news have you got to tell

“No--it’s not a letter,” she retorted, with a gesture of
impatience. “The good news is that I got done with the painting of
my kitchen--and you all got to come and give a look how it shines in my
house like in a palace.”

Mr. Sopkin resumed cutting the meat.

“Oi weh!” clamored Hanneh Hayyeh, with feverish breathlessness.
“Stop with your meat already and quick come. The store ain’t
going to run away from you! It will take only a minute.
With one step you are upstairs in my house.” She flung out
her hands. “And everybody got to come along.”

“Do you think I can make a living from looking on the wonders you
turn over in your house?” remonstrated the butcher, with a twinkle in
his eye.

“Making money ain’t everything in life. My new-painted kitchen will
light up your heart with joy.”

Seeing that Mr. Sopkin still made no move, she began to coax and
wheedle, woman-fashion. “Oi weh! Mr. Sopkin! Don’t be so mean. Come
only. Your customers ain’t going to run away from you. If they do,
they only got to come back, because you ain’t a skinner. You weigh
the meat honest.”

How could Mr. Sopkin resist such seductive flattery?

“Hanneh Hayyeh!” he laughed. “You’re crazy up in the air, but
nobody can say no to anything you take into your head.”

He tossed his knife down on the counter. “Everybody!” he called;
“let us do her the pleasure and give a look on what she got to show

“Oi weh! I ain’t got no time,” protested one. “I left my baby
alone in the house locked in.”

“And I left a pot of eating on the stove boiling. It must be all
burned away by this time.”

“But you all got time to stand around here and chatter like a box of
monkeys, for hours,” admonished Mr. Sopkin. “This will only take a
minute. You know Hanneh Hayyeh. We can’t tear ourselves away from her
till we do what wills itself in her mind.”

Protesting and gesticulating, they all followed Mr. Sopkin as Hanneh
Hayyeh led the way. Through the hallway of a dark, ill-smelling
tenement, up two flights of crooked, rickety stairs, they filed. When
Hanneh Hayyeh opened the door there were exclamations of wonder and
joy: “Oi! Oi!” and “Ay! Ay! Takeh! Takeh!”

“Gold is shining from every corner!”

“Like for a holiday!”

“You don’t need to light up the gas, so it shines!”

“I wish I could only have it so grand!”

“You ain’t got worries on your head, so it lays in your mind to
make it so fancy.”

Mr. Sopkin stood with mouth open, stunned with wonder at the

Hanneh Hayyeh shook him by the sleeve exultantly. “Nu? Why ain’t
you saying something?”

“Grand ain’t the word for it! What a whiteness! And what a
cleanliness! It tears out the eyes from the head! Such a tenant the
landlord ought to give out a medal or let down the rent free. I saw
the rooms before and I see them now. What a difference from one house
to another.”

“Ain’t you coming in?” Hanneh Hayyeh besought her neighbors.

“God from the world! To step with our feet on this new painted

“Shah!” said the butcher, taking off his apron and spreading it
on the floor. “You can all give a step on my apron. It’s dirty,

They crowded in on the outspread apron and vied with one another in
their words of praise.

“May you live to see your son married from this kitchen, and may we
all be invited to the wedding!”

“May you live to eat here cake and wine on the feasts of your

“May you have the luck to get rich and move from here into your own
bought house!”

“Amen!” breathed Hanneh Hayyeh. “May we all forget from our
worries for rent!”

                   *       *       *       *       *

Mrs. Preston followed with keen delight Hanneh Hayyeh’s every
movement as she lifted the wash from the basket and spread it on the
bed. Hanneh Hayyeh’s rough, toil-worn hands lingered lovingly,
caressingly over each garment. It was as though the fabrics held
something subtly animate in their texture that penetrated to her very

“Hanneh Hayyeh! You’re an artist!” There was reverence in
Mrs. Preston’s low voice that pierced the other woman’s inmost
being. “You do my laces and batistes as no one else ever has. It’s
as if you breathed part of your soul into it.”

The hungry-eyed, ghetto woman drank in thirstily the beauty and
goodness that radiated from Mrs. Preston’s person. None of the
cultured elegance of her adored friend escaped Hanneh Hayyeh. Her
glance traveled from the exquisite shoes to the flawless hair of the
well-poised head.

“Your things got so much fineness. I’m crazy for the feel from
them. I do them up so light in my hands like it was thin air I was

Hanneh Hayyeh pantomimed as she spoke and Mrs. Preston, roused from her
habitual reserve, put her fine, white hand affectionately over Hanneh
Hayyeh’s gnarled, roughened ones.

“Oi-i-i-i! Mrs. Preston! You always make me feel so grand!” said
Hanneh Hayyeh, a mist of tears in her wistful eyes. “When I go away
from you I could just sit down and cry. I can’t give it out in words
what it is. It chokes me so--how good you are to me--You ain’t at all
like a rich lady. You’re so plain from the heart. You make the lowest
nobody feel he’s somebody.”

“You are not a ‘nobody,’ Hanneh Hayyeh. You are an artist--an
artist laundress.”

“What mean you an artist?”

“An artist is so filled with love for the beautiful that he has
to express it in some way. You express it in your washing just as a
painter paints it in a picture.”

“Paint?” exclaimed Hanneh Hayyeh. “If you could only give a look
how I painted up my kitchen! It lights up the whole tenement house for
blocks around. The grocer and the butcher and all the neighbors were
jumping in the air from wonder and joy when they seen how I shined up
my house.”

“And all in honor of Aby’s home-coming?” Mrs. Preston smiled,
her thoughts for a moment on her own son, the youngest captain in his
regiment whose home-coming had been delayed from week to week.

“Everything I do is done for my Aby,” breathed Hanneh Hayyeh,
her hands clasping her bosom as if feeling again the throb of his
babyhood at her heart. “But this painting was already dreaming itself
in my head for years. You remember the time the hot iron fell on my
foot and you came to see me and brought me a red flower-pot wrapped
around with green crêpe paper? That flower-pot opened up the sky in
my kitchen.” The words surged from the seething soul of her. “Right
away I saw before my eyes how I could shine up my kitchen like a parlor
by painting the walls and sewing up new curtains for the window. It was
like seeing before me your face every time I looked on your flowers. I
used to talk to it like it could hear and feel and see. And I said to
it: ‘I’ll show you what’s in me. I’ll show you that I know what
beautiful is.’”

Her face was aglow with an enthusiasm that made it seem young, like a
young girl’s face.

“I begged myself by the landlord to paint up my kitchen, but he
wouldn’t listen to me. So I seen that if I ever hoped to fix up my
house, I’d have to spend out my own money. And I began to save a
penny to a penny to have for the paint. And when I seen the painters,
I always stopped them to ask where and how to buy it so that it
should come out the cheapest. By day and by night it burned in me the
picture--my kitchen shining all white like yours, till I couldn’t
rest till I done it.”

With all her breeding, with all the restraint of her Anglo-Saxon
forbears, Mrs. Preston was strangely shaken by Hanneh Hayyeh’s
consuming passion for beauty. She looked deep into the eyes of the
Russian Jewess as if drinking in the secret of their hidden glow.

“I am eager to see that wonderful kitchen of yours,” she said, as
Hanneh Hayyeh bade her good-bye.

Hanneh Hayyeh walked home, her thoughts in a whirl with the glad
anticipation of Mrs. Preston’s promised visit. She wondered how she
might share the joy of Mrs. Preston’s presence with the butcher and
all the neighbors. “I’ll bake up a shtrudel cake,” she thought to
herself. “They will all want to come to get a taste of the cake and
then they’ll give a look on Mrs. Preston.”

Thus smiling and talking to herself she went about her work. As she
bent over the wash-tub rubbing the clothes, she visualized the hot,
steaming shtrudel just out of the oven and the exclamations of pleasure
as Mrs. Preston and the neighbors tasted it. All at once there was a
knock at the door. Wiping her soapy hands on the corner of her apron,
she hastened to open it.

“Oi! Mr. Landlord! Come only inside,” she urged. “I got the
rent for you, but I want you to give a look around how I shined up my

The Prince Albert that bound the protruding stomach of Mr. Benjamin
Rosenblatt was no tighter than the skin that encased the smooth-shaven
face. His mouth was tight. Even the small, popping eyes held a tight

“I got no time. The minutes is money,” he said, extending a
claw-like hand for the rent.

“But I only want you for a half a minute.” And Hanneh Hayyeh
dragged the owner of her palace across the threshold. “Nu? Ain’t
I a good painter? And all this I done while other people were sleeping
themselves, after I’d come home from my day’s work.”

“Very nice,” condescended Mr. Benjamin Rosenblatt, with a hasty
glance around the room. “You certainly done a good job. But I got
to go. Here’s your receipt.” And the fingers that seized Hanneh
Hayyeh’s rent-money seemed like pincers for grasping molars.

Two weeks later Jake Safransky and his wife Hanneh Hayyeh sat eating
their dinner, when the janitor came in with a note.

“From the landlord,” he said, handing it to Hanneh Hayyeh, and
walked out.

“The landlord?” she cried, excitedly. “What for can it be?”
With trembling fingers she tore open the note. The slip dropped from
her hand. Her face grew livid, her eyes bulged with terror. “Oi
weh!” she exclaimed, as she fell back against the wall.

“Gewalt!” cried her husband, seizing her limp hand, “you look
like struck dead.”

“Oi-i-i! The murderer! He raised me the rent five dollars a month.”

“Good for you! I told you to listen to me. Maybe he thinks we got
money laying in the bank when you got so many dollars to give out on

She turned savagely on her husband. “What are you tearing yet my
flesh? Such a money-grabber! How could I imagine for myself that so he
would thank me for laying in my money to painting up his house?”

She seized her shawl, threw it over her head, and rushed to the
landlord’s office.

“Oi weh! Mr. Landlord! Where is your heart? How could you raise me
my rent when you know my son is yet in France? And even with the extra
washing I take in I don’t get enough when the eating is so dear?”

“The flat is worth five dollars more,” answered Mr. Rosenblatt,
impatiently. “I can get another tenant any minute.”

“Have pity on me! I beg you! From where I can squeeze out the five
dollars more for you?”

“That don’t concern me. If you can’t pay, somebody else will. I
got to look out for myself. In America everybody looks out for

“Is it nothing by you how I painted up your house with my own

“You didn’t do it for me. You done it for yourself,” he
sneered. “It’s nothing to me how the house looks, so long as I
get my rent in time. You wanted to have a swell house, so you painted
it. That’s all.”

With a wave of his hand he dismissed her.

“I beg by your conscience! Think on God!” Hanneh Hayyeh wrung her
hands. “Ain’t your house worth more to you to have a tenant clean
it out and paint it out so beautiful like I done?”

“Certainly,” snarled the landlord. “Because the flat is painted
new, I can get more money for it. I got no more time for you.”

He turned to his stenographer and resumed the dictation of his letters.

Dazedly Hanneh Hayyeh left the office. A choking dryness contracted her
throat as she staggered blindly, gesticulating and talking to herself.

“Oi weh! The sweat, the money I laid into my flat and it should
all go to the devil. And I should be turned out and leave all my
beautifulness. And from where will I get the money for moving? When
I begin to break myself up to move, I got to pay out money for the
moving man, money for putting up new lines, money for new shelves
and new hooks besides money for the rent. I got to remain where
I am. But from where can I get together the five dollars for the
robber? Should I go to Moisheh Itzek, the pawnbroker, or should I maybe
ask Mrs. Preston? No--She shouldn’t think I got her for a friend only
to help me. Oi weh! Where should I turn with my bitter heart?”

Mechanically she halted at the butcher-shop. Throwing herself on the
vacant bench, she buried her face in her shawl and burst out in a loud,
heart-piercing wail: “Woe is me! Bitter is me!”

“Hanneh Hayyeh! What to you happened?” cried Mr. Sopkin in alarm.

His sympathy unlocked the bottom depths of her misery.

“Oi-i-i! Black is my luck! Dark is for my eyes!”

The butcher and the neighbors pressed close in upon her.

“Gewalt! What is it? Bad news from Aby in France?”

“Oi-i-i! The murderer! The thief! His gall should burst as mine is
bursting! His heart should break as mine is breaking! It remains for
me nothing but to be thrown out in the gutter. The landlord raised me
five dollars a month rent. And he ripped yet my wounds by telling me he
raised me the rent because my painted-up flat is so much more worth.”

“The dogs! The blood-sucking landlords! They are the new czars from

“What are you going to do?”

“What should I do? Aby is coming from France any day, and he’s got
to have a home to come to. I will have to take out from my eating the
meat and the milk to save together the extra five dollars. People! Give
me an advice! What else can I do? If a wild wolf falls on you in the
black night, will crying help you?”

With a gesture of abject despair, she fell prone upon the
bench. “Gottuniu! If there is any justice and mercy on this earth,
then may the landlord be tortured like he is torturing me! May the
fires burn him and the waters drown him! May his flesh be torn from him
in pieces and his bones be ground in the teeth of wild dogs!”

Two months later, a wasted, haggard Hanneh Hayyeh stood in the kitchen,
folding Mrs. Preston’s wash in her basket, when the janitor--the
servant of her oppressor--handed her another note.

“From the landlord,” he said in his toneless voice.

Hanneh Hayyeh paled. She could tell from his smirking sneer that it was
a second notice of increased rental.

It grew black before her eyes. She was too stunned to think. Her first
instinct was to run to her husband; but she needed sympathy--not
nagging. And then in her darkness she saw a light--the face of her
friend, Mrs. Preston. She hurried to her.

“Oi--friend! The landlord raised me my rent again,” she gasped,
dashing into the room like a thing hounded by wild beasts.

Mrs. Preston was shocked by Hanneh Hayyeh’s distraught appearance.
For the first time she noticed the ravages of worry and

“Hanneh Hayyeh! Try to calm yourself. It is really quite inexcusable
the way the landlords are taking advantage of the situation. There must
be a way out. We’ll fix it up somehow.”

“How fix it up?” Hanneh Hayyeh flared.

“We’ll see that you get the rent you need.” There was reassurance
and confidence in Mrs. Preston’s tone.

Hanneh Hayyeh’s eyes flamed. Too choked for utterance, her breath
ceased for a moment.

“I want no charity! You think maybe I came to beg? No--I want

She shrank in upon herself, as though to ward off the raised whip of
her persecutor. “You know how I feel?” Her voice came from the
terrified depths of her. “It’s as if the landlord pushed me in a
corner and said to me: ‘I want money, or I’ll squeeze from you your
life!’ I have no money, so he takes my life.

“Last time, when he raised me my rent, I done without meat and
without milk. What more can I do without?”

The piercing cry stirred Mrs. Preston as no mere words had done.

“Sometimes I get so weak for a piece of meat, I could tear the world
to pieces. Hunger and bitterness are making a wild animal out of me. I
ain’t no more the same Hanneh Hayyeh I used to be.”

The shudder that shook Hanneh Hayyeh communicated itself to
Mrs. Preston. “I know the prices are hard to bear,” she stammered,

“There used to be a time when poor people could eat cheap things,”
the toneless voice went on. “But now there ain’t no more cheap
things. Potatoes--rice--fish--even dry bread is dear. Look on my
shoes! And I who used to be so neat with myself. I can’t no more have
my torn shoes fixed up. A pair of shoes or a little patch is only for

“Something must be done,” broke in Mrs. Preston, distraught for the
first time in her life. “But in the meantime, Hanneh Hayyeh, you must
accept this to tide you over.” She spoke with finality as she handed
her a bill.

Hanneh Hayyeh thrust back the money. “Ain’t I hurt enough without
you having to hurt me yet with charity? You want to give me hush money
to swallow down an unrightness that burns my flesh? I want justice.”

The woman’s words were like bullets that shot through the static
security of Mrs. Preston’s life. She realized with a guilty pang that
while strawberries and cream were being served at her table in January,
Hanneh Hayyeh had doubtless gone without a square meal in months.

“We can’t change the order of things overnight,” faltered
Mrs. Preston, baffled and bewildered by Hanneh Hayyeh’s defiance of
her proffered aid.

“Change things? There’s got to be a change!” cried Hanneh Hayyeh
with renewed intensity. “The world as it is is not to live in any
longer. If only my Aby would get back quick. But until he comes,
I’ll fight till all America will have to stop and listen to me. You
was always telling me that the lowest nobody got something to give to
America. And that’s what I got to give to America--the last breath in
my body for justice. I’ll wake up America from its sleep. I’ll go
myself to the President with my Aby’s soldier picture and ask him was
all this war to let loose a bunch of blood-suckers to suck the marrow
out from the people?”

“Hanneh Hayyeh,” said Mrs. Preston, with feeling, “these laws are
far from just, but they are all we have so far. Give us time. We are
young. We are still learning. We’re doing our best.”

Numb with suffering the woman of the ghetto looked straight into the
eyes of Mrs. Preston. “And you too--you too hold by the landlord’s
side?--Oi--I see! Perhaps you too got property out by agents.”

A sigh that had in it the resignation of utter hopelessness escaped
from her. “Nothing can hurt me no more--And you always stood out to
me in my dreams as the angel from love and beautifulness. You always
made-believe to me that you’re only for democracy.”

Tears came to Mrs. Preston’s eyes. But she made no move to defend
herself or reply and Hanneh Hayyeh walked out in silence.

A few days later the whole block was astir with the news that Hanneh
Hayyeh had gone to court to answer her dispossess summons.

From the windows, the stoop, from the hallway, and the doorway of the
butcher-shop the neighbors were talking and gesticulating while waiting
for Hanneh Hayyeh’s return.

Hopeless and dead, Hanneh Hayyeh dragged herself to the
butcher-shop. All made way for her to sit on the bench. She collapsed
in a heap, not uttering a single sound, nor making a single move.

The butcher produced a bottle of brandy and, hastily filling a small
glass, brought it to Hanneh Hayyeh.

“Quick, take it to your lips,” he commanded. Weak from lack of food
and exhausted by the ordeal of the court-room, Hanneh Hayyeh obeyed
like a child.

Soon one neighbor came in with a cup of hot coffee; another brought
bread and herring with onion over it.

Tense, breathless, with suppressed curiosity quivering on their lips,
they waited till Hanneh Hayyeh swallowed the coffee and ate enough to
regain a little strength.

“Nu? What became in the court?”

“What said the judge?”

“Did they let you talk yourself out like you said you would?”

“Was the murderer there to say something?”

Hanneh Hayyeh wagged her head and began talking to herself in a low,
toneless voice as if continuing her inward thought. “The judge said
the same as Mrs. Preston said: the landlord has the right to raise our
rent or put us out.”

“Oi weh! If Hanneh Hayyeh with her fire in her mouth couldn’t get
her rights, then where are we?”

“To whom should we go? Who more will talk for us now?”

“Our life lays in their hands.”

“They can choke us so much as they like!”

“Nobody cares. Nobody hears our cry!”

Out of this babel of voices there flashed across Hanneh Hayyeh’s
deadened senses the chimera that to her was the one reality of her
aspiring soul--“Oi-i-i-i! My beautiful kitchen!” she sighed as in
a dream.

The butcher’s face grew red with wrath. His eyes gleamed like sharp,
darting steel. “I wouldn’t give that robber the satisfaction
to leave your grand painted house,” he said, turning to Hanneh
Hayyeh. “I’d smash down everything for spite. You got nothing to
lose. Such a murderer! I would learn him a lesson! ‘An eye for an eye
and a tooth for a tooth.’”

Hanneh Hayyeh, hair disheveled, clothes awry, the nails of her
fingers dug in her scalp, stared with the glazed, impotent stare of a
madwoman. With unseeing eyes she rose and blindly made her way to her

As she entered her kitchen she encountered her husband hurrying in.

“Oi weh! Oi weh!” he whined. “I was always telling you your bad
end. Everybody is already pointing their fingers on me! and all because
you, a meshugeneh yideneh, a starved beggerin, talked it into your
head that you got to have for yourself a white-painted kitchen alike
to Mrs. Preston. Now you’ll remember to listen to your husband. Now,
when you’ll be laying in the street to shame and to laughter for the
whole world.”

“Out! Out from my sight! Out from my house!” shrieked Hanneh
Hayyeh. In her rage she seized a flat-iron and Jake heard her hurl it
at the slammed door as he fled downstairs.

It was the last night before the eviction. Hanneh Hayyeh gazed about
her kitchen with tear-glazed eyes. “Some one who got nothing but
only money will come in here and get the pleasure from all this
beautifulness that cost me the blood from my heart. Is this already
America? What for was my Aby fighting? Was it then only a dream--all
these millions people from all lands and from all times, wishing and
hoping and praying that America is? Did I wake myself from my dreaming
to see myself back in the black times of Russia under the czar?”

Her eager, beauty-loving face became distorted with hate. “No--the
landlord ain’t going to get the best from me! I’ll learn him a
lesson. ‘An eye for an eye’--”

With savage fury, she seized the chopping-axe and began to scratch
down the paint, breaking the plaster on the walls. She tore up the
floor-boards. She unscrewed the gas-jets, turned on the gas full force
so as to blacken the white-painted ceiling. The night through she raged
with the frenzy of destruction.

Utterly spent she flung herself on the lounge, but she could not close
her eyes. Her nerves quivered. Her body ached, and she felt her soul
ache there--inside her--like a thing killed that could not die.

The first grayness of dawn filtered through the air-shaft window of
the kitchen. The room was faintly lighted, and as the rays of dawn got
stronger and reached farther, one by one the things she had mutilated
in the night started, as it were, into consciousness. She looked at
her dish-closet, once precious, that she had scratched and defaced;
the uprooted geranium-box on the window-sill; the marred walls. It was
unbearable all this waste and desolation that stared at her. “Can it
be I who done all this?” she asked herself. “What devil got boiling
in me?”

What had she gained by her rage for vengeance? She had thought to
spite the landlord, but it was her own soul she had killed. These
walls that stared at her in their ruin were not just walls. They were
animate--they throbbed with the pulse of her own flesh. For every inch
of the broken plaster there was a scar on her heart. She had destroyed
that which had taken her so many years of prayer and longing to build
up. But this demolished beauty like her own soul, though killed, still
quivered and ached with the unstilled pain of life. “Oi weh!” she
moaned, swaying to and fro. “So much lost beautifulness--”

                   *       *       *       *       *

Private Abraham Safransky, with the look in his eyes and the swing of
his shoulders of all the boys who come back from overseas, edged his
way through the wet Delancey Street crowds with the skill of one born
to these streets and the assurance of the United States Army. Fresh
from the ship, with a twenty-four-hour leave stowed safely in his
pocket, he hastened to see his people after nearly two years’

On Private Safransky’s left shoulder was the insignia of the Statue
of Liberty. The three gold service stripes on his left arm and the two
wound stripes of his right were supplemented by the Distinguished
Service Medal on his left breast bestowed by the United States

As he pictured his mother’s joy when he would surprise her in her
spotless kitchen, the soldier broke into the double-quick.

All at once he stopped; on the sidewalk before their house was a heap
of household things that seemed familiar and there on the curbstone
a woman huddled, cowering, broken.--Good God--his mother! His own
mother--and all their worldly belongings dumped there in the rain.


How came it that I went to the free vacation house was like this:

One day the visiting teacher from the school comes to find out for why
don’t I get the children ready for school in time; for why are they
so often late.

I let out on her my whole bitter heart. I told her my head was on
wheels from worrying. When I get up in the morning, I don’t know on
what to turn first: should I nurse the baby, or make Sam’s breakfast,
or attend on the older children. I only got two hands.

“My dear woman,” she says, “you are about to have a nervous
breakdown. You need to get away to the country for a rest and

“Gott im Himmel!” says I. “Don’t I know I need a rest? But
how? On what money can I go to the country?”

“I know of a nice country place for mothers and children that will
not cost you anything. It is free.”

“Free! I never heard from it.”

“Some kind people have made arrangements so no one need pay,” she

Later, in a few days, I just finished up with Masha and Mendel and
Frieda and Sonya to send them to school, and I was getting Aby ready
for kindergarten, when I hear a knock on the door, and a lady comes
in. She had a white starched dress like a nurse and carried a black
satchel in her hand.

“I am from the Social Betterment Society,” she tells me. “You
want to go to the country?”

Before I could say something, she goes over to the baby and pulls out
the rubber nipple from her mouth, and to me, she says, “You must not
get the child used to sucking this; it is very unsanitary.”

“Gott im Himmel!” I beg the lady. “Please don’t begin with that
child, or she’ll holler my head off. She must have the nipple. I’m
too nervous to hear her scream like that.”

When I put the nipple back again in the baby’s mouth, the lady
takes herself a seat, and then takes out a big black book from her
satchel. Then she begins to question me. What is my first name? How old
I am? From where come I? How long I’m already in this country? Do
I keep any boarders? What is my husband’s first name? How old he
is? How long he is in this country? By what trade he works? How much
wages he gets for a week? How much money do I spend out for rent? How
old are the children, and everything about them.

“My goodness!” I cry out. “For why is it necessary all this to
know? For why must I tell you all my business? What difference does it
make already if I keep boarders, or I don’t keep boarders? If Masha
had the whooping-cough or Sonya had the measles? Or whether I spend out
for my rent ten dollars or twenty? Or whether I come from Schnipishock
or Kovner Gubernie?”

“We must make a record of all the applicants, and investigate each
case,” she tells me. “There are so many who apply to the charities,
we can help only those who are most worthy.”

“Charities!” I scream out. “Ain’t the charities those who
help the beggars out? I ain’t no beggar. I’m not asking for no
charity. My husband, he works.”

“Miss Holcomb, the visiting teacher, said that you wanted to go to
the country, and I had to make out this report before investigating
your case.”

“Oh! Oh!” I choke and bit my lips. “Is the free country from
which Miss Holcomb told me, is it from the charities? She was telling
me some kind people made arrangements for any mother what needs to go

“If your application is approved, you will be notified,” she says
to me, and out she goes.

When she is gone I think to myself, I’d better knock out from my
head this idea about the country. For so long I lived, I didn’t
know nothing about the charities. For why should I come down among the
beggars now?

Then I looked around me in the kitchen. On one side was the big
wash-tub with clothes, waiting for me to wash. On the table was a pile
of breakfast dishes yet. In the sink was the potatoes, waiting to be
peeled. The baby was beginning to cry for the bottle. Aby was hollering
and pulling me to take him to kindergarten. I felt if I didn’t get
away from here for a little while, I would land in a crazy house, or
from the window jump down. Which was worser, to land in a crazy house,
jump from the window down, or go to the country from the charities?

In about two weeks later around comes the same lady with the satchel
again in my house.

“You can go to the country to-morrow,” she tells me. “And
you must come to the charity building to-morrow at nine o’clock
sharp. Here is a card with the address. Don’t lose it, because you
must hand it to the lady in the office.”

I look on the card, and there I see my name wrote; and by it, in big
printed letters, that word “CHARITY.”

“Must I go to the charity office?” I ask, feeling my heart to
sink. “For why must I come there?”

“It is the rule that everybody comes to the office first, and from
there they are taken to the country.”

I shivered to think how I would feel, suppose somebody from my friends
should see me walking into the charity office with my children. They
wouldn’t know that it is only for the country I go there. They
might think I go to beg. Have I come down so low as to be seen by the
charities? But what’s the use? Should I knock my head on the walls? I
had to go.

When I come to the office, I already found a crowd of women and
children sitting on long benches and waiting. I took myself a
seat with them, and we were sitting and sitting and looking on one
another, sideways and crosswise, and with lowered eyes, like guilty
criminals. Each one felt like hiding herself from all the rest. Each
one felt black with shame in the face.

We may have been sitting and waiting for an hour or more. But
every second was seeming years to me. The children began to get
restless. Mendel wanted water. The baby on my arms was falling
asleep. Aby was crying for something to eat.

“For why are we sittin’ here like fat cats?” says the woman next
to me. “Ain’t we going to the country to-day yet?”

At last a lady comes to the desk and begins calling us our names, one
by one. I nearly dropped to the floor when over she begins to ask: Do
you keep boarders? How much do you spend out for rent? How much wages
does your man get for a week?

Didn’t the nurse tell them all about us already? It was bitter enough
to have to tell the nurse everything, but in my own house nobody was
hearing my troubles, only the nurse. But in the office there was so
many strangers all around me. For why should everybody have to know my
business? At every question I wanted to holler out: “Stop! Stop! I
don’t want no vacations! I’ll better run home with my children.”
At every question I felt like she was stabbing a knife into my
heart. And she kept on stabbing me more and more, but I could not help
it, and they were all looking at me. I couldn’t move from her. I had
to answer everything.

When she got through with me, my face was red like fire. I was burning
with hurts and wounds. I felt like everything was bleeding in me.

When all the names was already called, a man doctor with a nurse comes
in, and tells us to form a line, to be examined. I wish I could ease
out my heart a little, and tell in words how that doctor looked on
us, just because we were poor and had no money to pay. He only used
the ends from his finger-tips to examine us with. From the way he was
afraid to touch us or come near us, he made us feel like we had some
catching sickness that he was trying not to get on him.

The doctor got finished with us in about five minutes, so quick he
worked. Then we was told to walk after the nurse, who was leading the
way for us through the street to the car. Everybody what passed us in
the street turned around to look on us. I kept down my eyes and held
down my head and I felt like sinking into the sidewalk. All the time
I was trembling for fear somebody what knows me might yet pass and see
me. For why did they make us walk through the street, after the nurse,
like stupid cows? Weren’t all of us smart enough to find our way
without the nurse? Why should the whole world have to see that we are
from the charities?

When we got into the train, I opened my eyes, and lifted up my head,
and straightened out my chest, and again began to breathe. It was
a beautiful, sunshiny day. I knocked open the window from the train,
and the fresh-smelling country air rushed upon my face and made me feel
so fine! I looked out from the window and instead of seeing the iron
fire-escapes with garbage-cans and bedclothes, that I always seen when
from my flat I looked--instead of seeing only walls and wash-lines
between walls, I saw the blue sky, and green grass and trees and

Ah, how grand I felt, just on the sky to look! Ah, how grand I felt
just to see the green grass--and the free space--and no houses!

“Get away from me, my troubles!” I said. “Leave me rest a
minute. Leave me breathe and straighten out my bones. Forget the
unpaid butcher’s bill. Forget the rent. Forget the wash-tub and the
cook-stove and the pots and pans. Forget the charities!”

“Tickets, please,” calls the train conductor.

I felt knocked out from heaven all at once. I had to point to the nurse
what held our tickets, and I was feeling the conductor looking on me as
if to say, “Oh, you are only from the charities.”

By the time we came to the vacation house I already forgot all about
my knock-down. I was again filled with the beauty of the country. I
never in all my life yet seen such a swell house like that vacation
house. Like the grandest palace it looked. All round the front, flowers
from all colors was smelling out the sweetest perfume. Here and there
was shady trees with comfortable chairs under them to sit down on.

When I only came inside, my mouth opened wide and my breathing
stopped still from wonder. I never yet seen such an order and such a
cleanliness. From all the corners from the room, the cleanliness was
shining like a looking-glass. The floor was so white scrubbed you could
eat on it. You couldn’t find a speck of dust on nothing, if you was
looking for it with eye-glasses on.

I was beginning to feel happy and glad that I come, when, Gott im
Himmel! again a lady begins to ask us out the same questions what the
nurse already asked me in my home and what was asked over again in the
charity office. How much wages my husband makes out for a week? How
much money I spend out for rent? Do I keep boarders?

We were hungry enough to faint. So worn out was I from excitement, and
from the long ride, that my knees were bending under me ready to break
from tiredness. The children were pulling me to pieces, nagging me for
a drink, for something to eat and such like. But still we had to stand
out the whole list of questionings. When she already got through asking
us out everything, she gave to each of us a tag with our name written
on it. She told us to tie the tag on our hand. Then like tagged horses
at a horse sale in the street, they marched us into the dining-room.

There was rows of long tables, covered with pure-white oil-cloth. A
vase with bought flowers was standing on the middle from each
table. Each person got a clean napkin for himself. Laid out by the side
from each person’s plate was a silver knife and fork and spoon and
teaspoon. When we only sat ourselves down, girls with white starched
aprons was passing around the eatings.

I soon forgot again all my troubles. For the first time in ten years I
sat down to a meal what I did not have to cook or worry about. For the
first time in ten years I sat down to the table like a somebody. Ah,
how grand it feels, to have handed you over the eatings and everything
you need. Just as I was beginning to like it and let myself feel good,
in comes a fat lady all in white, with a teacher’s look on her
face. I could tell already, right away by the way she looked on us,
that she was the boss from this place.

“I want to read you the rules from this house, before you leave this
room,” says she to us.

Then she began like this: We dassen’t stand on the front grass where
the flowers are. We dassen’t stay on the front porch. We dassen’t
sit on the chairs under the shady trees. We must stay always in the
back and sit on those long wooden benches there. We dassen’t come in
the front sitting-room or walk on the front steps what have carpet on
it--we must walk on the back iron steps. Everything on the front from
the house must be kept perfect for the show for visitors. We dassen’t
lay down on the beds in the daytime, the beds must always be made up
perfect for the show for visitors.

“Gott im Himmel!” thinks I to myself; “ain’t there going to be
no end to the things we dassen’t do in this place?”

But still she went on. The children over two years dassen’t stay
around by the mothers. They must stay by the nurse in the play-room. By
the meal-times, they can see their mothers. The children dassen’t
run around the house or tear up flowers or do anything. They dassen’t
holler or play rough in the play-room. They must always behave and obey
the nurse.

We must always listen to the bells. Bell one was for getting
up. Bell two, for getting babies’ bottles. Bell three, for coming
to breakfast. Bell four, for bathing the babies. If we come later,
after the ring from the bell, then we’ll not get what we need. If
the bottle bell rings and we don’t come right away for the bottle,
then the baby don’t get no bottle. If the breakfast bell rings, and
we don’t come right away down to the breakfast, then there won’t be
no breakfast for us.

When she got through with reading the rules, I was wondering which
side of the house I was to walk on. At every step was some rule what
said don’t move here, and don’t go there, don’t stand there, and
don’t sit there. If I tried to remember the endless rules, it would
only make me dizzy in the head. I was thinking for why, with so many
rules, didn’t they also have already another rule, about how much air
in our lungs to breathe.

On every few days there came to the house swell ladies in
automobiles. It was for them that the front from the house had to be
always perfect. For them was all the beautiful smelling flowers. For
them the front porch, the front sitting-room, and the easy stairs with
the carpet on it.

Always when the rich ladies came the fat lady, what was the boss from
the vacation house, showed off to them the front. Then she took them
over to the back to look on us, where we was sitting together, on long
wooden benches, like prisoners. I was always feeling cheap like dirt,
and mad that I had to be there, when they smiled down on us.

“How nice for these poor creatures to have a restful place like
this,” I heard one lady say.

The next day I already felt like going back. The children what had to
stay by the nurse in the play-room didn’t like it neither.

“Mamma,” says Mendel to me, “I wisht I was home and out in
the street. They don’t let us do nothing here. It’s worser than

“Ain’t it a play-room?” asks I. “Don’t they let you play?”

“Gee wiss! play-room, they call it! The nurse hollers on us all the
time. She don’t let us do nothing.”

The reason why I stayed out the whole two weeks is this: I think to
myself, so much shame in the face I suffered to come here, let me at
least make the best from it already. Let me at least save up for two
weeks what I got to spend out for grocery and butcher for my back bills
to pay out. And then also think I to myself, if I go back on Monday,
I got to do the big washing; on Tuesday waits for me the ironing; on
Wednesday, the scrubbing and cleaning, and so goes it on. How bad it is
already in this place, it’s a change from the very same sameness of
what I’m having day in and day out at home. And so I stayed out this
vacation to the bitter end.

But at last the day for going out from this prison came. On the way
riding back, I kept thinking to myself: “This is such a beautiful
vacation house. For why do they make it so hard for us? When a mother
needs a vacation, why must they tear the insides out from her first,
by making her come down to the charity office? Why drag us from the
charity office through the streets? And when we live through the shame
of the charities and when we come already to the vacation house, for
why do they boss the life out of us with so many rules and bells? For
why don’t they let us lay down our heads on the bed when we are
tired? For why must we always stick in the back, like dogs what have
got to be chained in one spot? If they would let us walk around free,
would we bite off something from the front part of the house?

“If the best part of the house what is comfortable is made up for a
show for visitors, why ain’t they keeping the whole business for a
show for visitors? For why do they have to fool in worn-out mothers, to
make them think they’ll give them a rest? Do they need the worn-out
mothers as part of the show? I guess that is it, already.”

When I got back in my home, so happy and thankful I was I could cry
from thankfulness. How good it was feeling for me to be able to move
around my own house, like I pleased. I was always kicking that my
rooms was small and narrow, but now my small rooms seemed to grow so
big like the park. I looked out from my window on the fire-escapes,
full with bedding and garbage-cans, and on the wash-lines full with
the clothes. All these ugly things was grand in my eyes. Even the high
brick walls all around made me feel like a bird what just jumped out
from a cage. And I cried out, “Gott sei dank! Gott sei dank!”


Like all people who have nothing, I lived on dreams. With nothing but
my longing for love, I burned my way through stone walls till I got to
America. And what happened to me when I became an American is more than
I can picture before my eyes, even in a dream.

I was a poor Melamid’s daughter in Savel, Poland. In my village,
a girl without a dowry was a dead one. The only kind of a man that
would give a look on a girl without money was a widower with a dozen
children, or some one with a hump or on crutches.

There was the village water-carrier with red, teary eyes, and warts
on his cracked lip. There was the janitor of the bath-house, with a
squash nose, and long, black nails with all the dirt of the world under
them. Maybe one of these uglinesses might yet take pity on me and do me
the favor to marry me. I shivered and grew cold through all my bones at
the thought of them.

Like the hunger for bread was my hunger for love. My life was nothing
to me. My heart was empty. Nothing I did was real without love. I used
to spend nights crying on my pillow, praying to God: “I want love! I
want love! I can’t live--I can’t breathe without love!”

And all day long I’d ask myself: “Why was I born? What is the
use of dragging on day after day, wasting myself eating, sleeping,
dressing? What is the meaning of anything without love?” And my heart
was so hungry I couldn’t help feeling and dreaming that somehow,
somewhere, there must be a lover waiting for me. But how and where
could I find my lover was the one longing that burned in my heart by
day and by night.

Then came the letter from Hanneh Hayyeh, Zlata’s daughter, that fired
me up to go to America for my lover.

“America is a lover’s land,” said Hanneh Hayyeh’s letter. “In
America millionaires fall in love with poorest girls. Matchmakers are
out of style, and a girl can get herself married to a man without the
worries for a dowry.”

“God from the world!” began knocking my heart. “How grand to live
where the kind of a man you get don’t depend on how much money your
father can put down! If I could only go to America! There--there waits
my lover for me.”

That letter made a holiday all over Savel. The butcher, the grocer, the
shoemaker, everybody stopped his work and rushed to our house to hear
my father read the news from the Golden Country.

“Stand out your ears to hear my great happiness,” began Hanneh
Hayyeh’s letter. “I, Hanneh Hayyeh, will marry myself to Solomon
Cohen, the boss from the shirtwaist factory, where all day I was
working sewing on buttons. If you could only see how the man is melting
away his heart for me! He kisses me after each step I walk. The
only wish from his heart is to make me for a lady. Think only, he
is buying me a piano! I should learn piano lessons as if I were from

Fire and lightning burst through the crowd. “Hanneh Hayyeh a lady!”
They nudged and winked one to the other as they looked on the loose
fatness of Zlata, her mother, and saw before their eyes Hanneh Hayyeh,
with her thick, red lips, and her shape so fat like a puffed-out barrel
of yeast.

“In America is a law called ‘ladies first,’” the letter went
on. “In the cars the men must get up to give their seats to the
women. The men hold the babies on their hands and carry the bundles for
the women, and even help with the dishes. There are not enough women to
go around in America. And the men run after the women, and not like in
Poland, the women running after the men.”

Gewalt! What an excitement began to burn through the whole village when
they heard of Hanneh Hayyeh’s luck!

The ticket agents from the ship companies seeing how Hanneh Hayyeh’s
letter was working like yeast in the air for America, posted up big
signs by all the market fairs: “Go to America, the New World. Fifty
rubles a ticket.”

“Fifty rubles! Only fifty rubles! And there waits your lover!”
cried my heart.

Oi weh! How I was hungering to go to America after that! By day and by
night I was tearing and turning over the earth, how to get to my lover
on the other side of the world.

“Nu, Zalmon?” said my mother, twisting my father around to what I
wanted. “It’s not so far from sense what Sara Reisel is saying. In
Savel, without a dowry, she had no chance to get a man, and if we got
to wait much longer she will be too old to get one anywhere.”

“But from where can we get together the fifty rubles?” asked my
father. “Why don’t it will itself in you to give your daughter the

I could no more think on how to get the money than they. But I was so
dying to go, I felt I could draw the money out from the sky.

One night I could not fall asleep. I lay in the darkness and stillness,
my wild, beating heart on fire with dreams of my lover. I put out my
hungry hands and prayed to my lover through the darkness: “Oh, love,
love! How can I get the fifty rubles to come to you?”

In the morning I got up like one choking for air. We were sitting down
to eat breakfast, but I couldn’t taste nothing. I felt my head drop
into my hands from weakness.

“Why don’t you try to eat something?” begged my mother, going
over to me.

“Eat?” I cried, jumping up like one mad. “How can I eat? How can
I sleep? How can I breathe in this deadness? I want to go to America. I
_must_ go, and I _will_ go!”

My mother began wringing her hands. “Oi weh! Mine heart! The knife
is on our neck. The landlord is hollering for the unpaid rent, and it
wills itself in you America?”

“Are you out of your head?” cried my father.

“What are you dreaming of golden hills on the sky? How can we get
together the fifty rubles for a ticket?”

I stole a look at Yosef, my younger brother. Nothing that was sensible
ever laid in his head to do; but if there was anything wild, up in
the air that willed itself in him, he could break through stone walls
to get it. Yosef gave a look around the house. Everything was old
and poor, and not a thing to get money on--nothing except father’s
Saifer Torah--the Holy Scrolls--and mother’s silver candlesticks, her
wedding present from our grandmother.

“Why not sell the Saifer Torah and the candlesticks?” said Yosef.

Nobody but my brother would have dared to breathe such a thing.

“What? A Jew sell the Saifer Torah or the Sabbath candlesticks?”
My father fixed on us his burning eyes like flaming wells. His hands
tightened over his heart. He couldn’t speak. He just looked on the
Saifer Torah, and then on us with a look that burned like live coals on
our naked bodies. “What?” he gasped. “Should I sell my life, my
soul from generation and generation? Sell my Saifer Torah? Not if the
world goes under!”

There was a stillness of thunder about to break. Everybody heard
everybody’s heart beating.

“Did I live to see this black day?” moaned my father, choking from
quick breathing. “Mine own son, mine Kadish--mine Kadish tells me to
sell the Holy Book that our forefathers shed rivers of blood to hand
down to us.”

“What are you taking it so terrible?” said my brother. “Doesn’t
it stand in the Talmud that to help marry his daughter a man may sell
the holiest thing--even the Holy Book?”

“_Are there miracles in America?_ Can she yet get there a man at her
age and without a dowry?”

“If Hanneh Hayyeh, who is older than Sara Reisel and not half as
good-looking,” said my brother, “could get a boss from a factory,
then whom cannot Sara Reisel pick out? And with her luck all of us will
be lifted over to America.”

My father did not answer. I waited, but still he did not answer.

At last I burst out with all the tears choking in me for years: “Is
your old Saifer Torah that hangs on the wall dearer to you than that I
should marry? The Talmud tells you to sell the holiest thing to help
marry your daughter, but you--you love yourself more than your own

Then I turned to my mother. I hit my hands on the table and cried in
a voice that made her tremble and grow frightened: “Maybe you love
your silver candlesticks more than your daughter’s happiness? To
whom can I marry myself here, I ask you, only--to the bath janitor, to
the water-carrier? I tell you I’ll kill myself if you don’t help
me get away! I can’t stand no more this deadness here. I must get
away. And you must give up everything to help me get away. All I need
is a chance. I can do a million times better than Hanneh Hayyeh. I got
a head. I got brains. I feel I can marry myself to the greatest man in

My mother stopped crying, took up the candlesticks from the mantelpiece
and passed her hands over them. “It’s like a piece from my
flesh,” she said. “We grew up with this, you children and I, and my
mother and my mother’s mother. This and the Saifer Torah are the only
things that shine up the house for the Sabbath.”

She couldn’t go on, her words choked in her so. I am seeing yet
how she looked, holding the candlesticks in her hands, and her eyes
that she turned on us. But then I didn’t see anything but to go to

She walked over to my father, who sat with his head in his hands,
stoned with sadness. “Zalmon!” she sobbed. “The blood from under
my nails I’ll give away, only my child should have a chance to marry
herself well. I’ll give away my candlesticks--”

Even my brother Yosef’s eyes filled with tears, so he quick jumped
up and began to whistle and move around. “You don’t have to sell
them,” he cried, trying to make it light in the air. “You can pawn
them by Moisheh Itzek, the usurer, and as soon as Sara Reisel will get
herself married, she’ll send us the money to get them out again, and
we’ll yet live to take them over with us to America.”

I never saw my father look so sad. He looked like a man from whom
the life is bleeding away. “I’ll not stand myself against your
happiness,” he said, in a still voice. “I only hope this will be to
your luck and that you’ll get married quick, so we could take out the
Saifer Torah from the pawn.”

In less than a week the Saifer Torah and the candlesticks were pawned
and the ticket bought. The whole village was ringing with the news that
I am going to America. When I walked in the street people pointed on me
with their fingers as if I were no more the same Sara Reisel.

Everybody asked me different questions.

“Tell me how it feels to go to America? Can you yet sleep nights like
other people?”

“When you’ll marry yourself in America, will you yet remember

God from the world! That last Friday night before I went to
America! Maybe it is the last time we are together was in everybody’s
eyes. Everything that happened seemed so different from all other
times. I felt I was getting ready to tear my life out from my body.

Without the Saifer Torah the house was dark and empty. The sun, the
sky, the whole heaven shined from that Holy Book on the wall, and
when it was taken out it left an aching emptiness on the heart, as if
something beautiful passed out of our lives.

I yet see before me my father in the Rabbi’s cap, with eyes that look
far away into things; the way he sang the prayer over the wine when he
passed around the glass for every one to give a sip. The tears rolled
out from my little sister’s eyes down her cheeks and fell into the
wine. On that my mother, who was all the time wiping her tears, burst
out crying. “Shah! Shah!” commanded my father, rising up from his
chair and beginning to walk around the room. “It’s Sabbath night,
when every Jew should be happy. Is this the way you give honor to God
on His one day that He set aside for you?”

On the next day, that was Sabbath, father as if held us up in his
hands, and everybody behaved himself. A stranger coming in couldn’t
see anything that was going on, except that we walked so still and each
one by himself, as if somebody dying was in the air over us.

On the going-away morning, everybody was around our house waiting
to take me to the station. Everybody wanted to give a help with the
bundles. The moving along to the station was like a funeral. Nobody
could hold in their feelings any longer. Everybody fell on my neck to
kiss me, as if it was my last day on earth.

“Remember you come from Jews. Remember to pray every day,” said my
father, putting his hands over my head, like in blessing on the day of

“Only try that we should be together soon again,” were the last
words from my mother as she wiped her eyes with the corner of her

“Only don’t forget that I want to study, and send for me as quick
as you marry yourself,” said Yosef, smiling good-bye with tears in
his eyes.

As I saw the train coming, what wouldn’t I have given to stay back
with the people in Savel forever! I wanted to cry out: “Take only
away my ticket! I don’t want any more America! I don’t want any
more my lover!”

But as soon as I got into the train, although my eyes were still
looking back to the left-behind faces, and my ears were yet hearing the
good-byes and the partings, the thoughts of America began stealing into
my heart. I was thinking how soon I’d have my lover and be rich like
Hanneh Hayyeh. And with my luck, everybody was going to be happy in
Savel. The dead people will stop dying and all the sorrows and troubles
of the world will be wiped away with my happiness.

I didn’t see the day. I didn’t see the night. I didn’t see the
ocean. I didn’t see the sky. I only saw my lover in America, coming
nearer and nearer to me, till I could feel his eyes bending on me so
near that I got frightened and began to tremble. My heart ached so with
the joy of his nearness that I quick drew back and turned away, and
began to talk to the people that were pushing and crowding themselves
on the deck.

Nu, I got to America.

Ten hours I pushed a machine in a shirt-waist factory, when I was
yet lucky to get work. And always my head was drying up with saving
and pinching and worrying to send home a little from the little I
earned. All that my face saw all day long was girls and machines--and
nothing else. And even when I came already home from work, I could
only talk to the girls in the working-girls’ boarding-house, or shut
myself up in my dark, lonesome bedroom. No family, no friends, nobody
to get me acquainted with nobody! The only men I saw were what passed
me by in the street and in cars.

“Is this ‘lovers’ land’?” was calling in my heart. “Where
are my dreams that were so real to me in the old country?”

Often in the middle of the work I felt like stopping all the
machines and crying out to the world the heaviness that pressed on my
heart. Sometimes when I walked in the street I felt like going over to
the first man I met and cry out to him: “Oh, I’m so lonely! I’m
so lonely!”

One day I read in the Jewish “Tageblatt” the advertisement from
Zaretzky, the matchmaker. “What harm is it if I try my luck?”
I said to myself. “I can’t die away an old maid. Too much love
burns in my heart to stand back like a stone and only see how other
people are happy. I want to tear myself out from my deadness. I’m in
a living grave. I’ve got to lift myself up. I have nobody to try for
me, and maybe the matchmaker will help.”

As I walked up Delancey Street to Mr. Zaretzky, the street was
turning with me. I didn’t see the crowds. I didn’t see the
pushcart peddlers with their bargains. I didn’t hear the noises or
anything. My eyes were on the sky, praying: “Gottuniu! Send me only
the little bit of luck!”

“Nu? Nu? What need you?” asked Mr. Zaretzky when I entered.

I got red with shame in the face the way he looked at me. I turned up
my head. I was too proud to tell him for what I came. Before I walked
in I thought to tell him everything. But when I looked on his face
and saw his hard eyes, I couldn’t say a word. I stood like a yok
unable to move my tongue. I went to the matchmaker with my heart, and
I saw before me a stone. The stone was talking to me--but--but--he was
a stone!

“Are you looking for a shidduch?” he asked.

“Yes,” I said, proud, but crushed.

“You know I charge five dollars for the stepping in,” he bargained.

It got cold by my heart. It wasn’t only to give him the five dollars,
nearly a whole week’s wages, but his thick-skinness for being only
after the money. But I couldn’t help myself--I was like in his fists
hypnotized. And I gave him the five dollars.

I let myself go to the door, but he called me back.

“Wait, wait. Come in and sit down. I didn’t question you yet.”

“About what?”

“I got to know how much money you got saved before I can introduce
you to anybody.”

“Oh--h--h! Is it only depending on the _money_?”

“Certainly. No move in this world without money,” he said, taking
a pinch of snuff in his black, hairy fingers and sniffing it up in
his nose.

I glanced on his thick neck and greasy, red face. “And to him people
come looking for love,” I said to myself, shuddering. Oh, how it
burned in my heart, but still I went on, “Can’t I get a man in
America without money?”

He gave a look on me with his sharp eyes. Gottuniu! What a look! I
thought I was sinking into the floor.

“There are plenty of _young_ girls with money that are begging
themselves the men to take them. So what can you expect? _Not young,
not lively, and without money, too?_ But, anyhow, I’ll see what I can
do for you.”

He took out a little book from his vest-pocket and looked through the

“What trade do you go on your hands?” he asked, turning to
me. “Sometimes a dressmaker or a hairdresser that can help make a
living for a man, maybe--”

I couldn’t hear any more. It got black before my eyes, my voice
stopped inside of me.

“If you want to listen to sense from a friend, so I have a good
match for you,” he said, following me to the door. “I have on
my list a widower with not more than five or six children. He has a
grand business, a herring-stand on Hester Street. He don’t ask for
no money, and he don’t make an objection if the girl is in years, so
long as she knows how to cook well for him.”

How I got myself back to my room I don’t know. But for two days and
for two nights I lay still on my bed, unable to move. I looked around
on my empty walls, thinking, thinking, “Where am I? Is this the
world? Is this America?”

Suddenly I sprang up from bed. “What can come from pitying
yourself?” I cried. “If the world kicks you down and makes nothing
of you, you bounce yourself up and make something of yourself.” A
fire blazed up in me to rise over the world because I was downed by
the world.

“Make a person of yourself,” I said. “Begin to learn English.
Make yourself for an American if you want to live in America.
American girls don’t go to matchmakers. American girls don’t
run after a man: if they don’t get a husband they don’t
think the world is over; they turn their mind to something else.

“Wake up!” I said to myself. “You want love to come to you? Why
don’t you give it out to other people? Love the women and children,
everybody in the street and the shop. Love the rag-picker and the
drunkard, the bad and the ugly. All those whom the world kicks down you
pick up and press to your heart with love.”

As I said this I felt wells of love that choked in me all my life
flowing out of me and over me. A strange, wonderful light like a
lover’s smile melted over me, and the sweetness of lover’s arms
stole around me.

The first night I went to school I felt like falling on everybody’s
neck and kissing them. I felt like kissing the books and the
benches. It was such great happiness to learn to read and write the
English words.

Because I started a few weeks after the beginning of the term, my
teacher said I might stay after the class to help me catch up with my
back lessons. The minute I looked on him I felt that grand feeling:
“Here is a person! Here is America!” His face just shined with high
thoughts. There was such a beautiful light in his eyes that it warmed
my heart to steal a look on him.

At first, when it came my turn to say something in the class, I got so
excited the words stuck and twisted in my mouth and I couldn’t give
out my thoughts. But the teacher didn’t see my nervousness. He only
saw that I had something to say, and he helped me say it. How or what
he did I don’t know. I only felt his look of understanding flowing
into me like draughts of air to one who is choking.

Long after I already felt free and easy to talk to him alone after the
class, I looked at all the books on his desk. “Oi weh!” I said to
him, “if I only knew half of what is in your books, I couldn’t any
more sit still in the chair like you. I’d fly in the air with the joy
of so much knowledge.”

“Why are you so eager for learning?” he asked me.

“Because I want to make a person of myself,” I answered. “Since
I got to work for low wages and I can’t be young any more, I’m
burning to get among people where it’s not against a girl if she is
in years and without money.”

His hand went out to me. “I’ll help you,” he said. “But you
must first learn to get hold of yourself.”

Such a beautiful kindness went out of his heart to me with his
words! His voice, and the goodness that shone from his eyes, made
me want to burst out crying, but I choked back my tears till I got
home. And all night long I wept on my pillow: “Fool! What is the
matter with you? Why are you crying?” But I said, “I can’t help
it. He is so beautiful!”

My teacher was so much above me that he wasn’t a man to me at all. He
was a God. His face lighted up the shop for me, and his voice sang
itself in me everywhere I went. It was like healing medicine to the
flaming fever within me to listen to his voice. And then I’d repeat
to myself his words and live in them as if they were religion.

Often as I sat at the machine sewing the waists I’d forget what I
was doing. I’d find myself dreaming in the air. “Ach!” I asked
myself, “what was that beautifulness in his eyes that made the lowest
nobody feel like a somebody? What was that about him that when his
smile fell on me I felt lifted up to the sky away from all the coldness
and the ugliness of the world? Gottunui!” I prayed, “if I could
only always hold on to the light of high thoughts that shined from
him. If I could only always hear in my heart the sound of his voice
I would need nothing more in life. I would be happier than a bird in
the air.

“Friend,” I said to him once, “if you could but teach me how to
get cold in the heart and clear in the head like you are!”

He only smiled at me and looked far away. His calmness was like the
sureness of money in the bank. Then he turned and looked on me, and
said: “I am not so cold in the heart and clear in the head as I
make-believe. I am bound. I am a prisoner of convention.”

“You make-believe--you bound?” I burst out. “You who do not
have foreladies or bosses--you who do not have to sell yourself for
wages--you who only work for love and truth--you a prisoner?”

“True, I do not have bosses just as you do,” he said. “But
still I am not free. I am bound by formal education and conventional
traditions. Though you work in a shop, you are really freer than I. You
are not repressed as I am by the fear and shame of feeling. You could
teach me more than I could teach you. You could teach me how to be

“I’m not so natural like you think,” I said. “I’m afraid.”

He smiled at me out of his eyes. “What are you afraid of?”

“I’m afraid of my heart,” I said, trying to hold back the blood
rushing to my face. “I’m burning to get calm and sensible like the
born Americans. But how can I help it? My heart flies away from me like
a wild bird. How can I learn to keep myself down on earth like the born

“But I don’t want you to get down on earth like the Americans. That
is just the beauty and the wonder of you. We Americans are too much on
earth; we need more of your power to fly. If you would only know how
much you can teach us Americans. You are the promise of the centuries
to come. You are the heart, the creative pulse of America to be.”

I walked home on wings. My teacher said that I could help him; that I
had something to give to Americans. “But how could I teach him?” I
wondered; “I who had never had a chance to learn anything except what
he taught me. And what had I to give to the Americans, I who am nothing
but dreams and longings and hunger for love?”

When school closed down for vacation, it seemed to me all life stopped
in the world. I had no more class to look forward to, no more chance
of seeing my teacher. As I faced the emptiness of my long vacation,
all the light went out of my eyes, and all the strength out of my arms
and fingers.

For nearly a week I was like without air. There was no school. One
night I came home from the shop and threw myself down on the bed. I
wanted to cry, to let out the heavy weight that pressed on my heart,
but I couldn’t cry. My tears felt like hot, burning sand in my eyes.

“Oi-i-i! I can’t stand it no more, this emptiness,” I groaned.
“Why don’t I kill myself? Why don’t something happen to
me? No consumption, no fever, no plague or death ever comes to save me
from this terrible world. I have to go on suffering and choking inside
myself till I grow mad.”

I jumped up from the bed, threw open the window, and began fighting
with the deaf-and-dumb air in the air-shaft.

“What is the matter with you?” I cried. “You are going out
of your head. You are sinking back into the old ways from which you
dragged yourself out with your studies. Studies! What did I get from
all my studies? Nothing. Nothing. I am still in the same shop with
the same shirt-waists. A lot my teacher cares for me once the class
is over.”

A fire burned up in me that he was already forgetting me. And I shot
out a letter to him:

“You call yourself a teacher? A friend? How can you go off in the
country and drop me out of your heart and out of your head like a
read-over book you left on the shelf of your shut-down classroom? How
can you enjoy your vacation in the country while I’m in the
sweatshop? You learned me nothing. You only broke my heart. What
good are all the books you ever gave me? They don’t tell me how
to be happy in a factory. They don’t tell me how to keep alive in
emptiness, or how to find something beautiful in the dirt and ugliness
in which I got to waste away. I want life. I want people. I can’t
live inside my head as you do.”

I sent the letter off in the madness in which I wrote it, without
stopping to think; but the minute after I dropped it in the mail-box my
reason came again to my head. I went back tearing my hair. “What have
I done? Meshugeneh!”

Walking up the stairs I saw my door open. I went in. The sky is
falling to the earth! Am I dreaming? There was my teacher sitting on my
trunk! My teacher come to see me? Me, in my dingy room? For a minute it
got blind before my eyes, and I didn’t know where I was any more.

“I had to come,” he said, the light of heaven shining on me out of
his eyes. “I was so desolate without you. I tried to say something to
you before I left for my vacation, but the words wouldn’t come. Since
I have been away I have written you many letters, but I did not
mail them, for they were like my old self from which I want to break

He put his cool, strong hand into mine. “You can save me,” he
said. “You can free me from the bondage of age-long repressions. You
can lift me out of the dead grooves of sterile intellectuality. Without
you I am the dry dust of hopes unrealized. You are fire and sunshine
and desire. You make life changeable and beautiful and full of daily

I couldn’t speak. I was so on fire with his words. Then, like
whirlwinds in my brain, rushed out the burning words of the matchmaker:
“Not young, not lively, and without money, too!”

“You are younger than youth,” he said, kissing my hands. “Every
day of your unlived youth shall be relived with love, but such a love
as youth could never know.”

And then how it happened I don’t know; but his arms were around
me. “Sara Reisel, tell me, do you love me,” he said, kissing me on
my hair and on my eyes and on my lips.

I could only weep and tremble with joy at his touch. “The miracle!”
cried my heart; “the miracle of America come true!”


For years I was saying to myself--Just so you will act when you meet
him. Just so you will stand. So will you look on him. These words you
will say to him.

I wanted to show him that what he had done to me could not down me;
that his leaving me the way he left me, that his breaking my heart
the way he broke it, didn’t crush me; that his grand life and my
pinched-in life, his having learning and my not having learning--that
the difference didn’t count so much like it seemed; that on the
bottom I was the same like him.

But he came upon me so sudden, all my plannings for years smashed to
the wall. The sight of him was like an earthquake shaking me to pieces.

I can’t yet see nothing in front of me and can’t get my head
together to anything, so torn up I am from the shock.

It was at Yetta Solomon’s wedding I met him again. She was after me
for weeks I should only come.

“How can I come to such a swell hall?” I told her. “You know I
ain’t got nothing decent to wear.”

“Like you are without no dressing-up, I want you to come. You are the
kind what people look in your eyes and not on what you got on. Ain’t
you yourself the one what helped me with my love troubles? And now,
when everything is turning out happy, you mean to tell me that you
ain’t going to be there?”

She gave me a grab over and kissed me in a way that I couldn’t say
“No” to her.

So I shined myself up in the best I had and went to the wedding.

I was in the middle from giving my congratulations to Yetta and her new
husband, when--Gott! Gott im Himmel! The sky is falling to the earth! I
see him--him, and his wife leaning on his arm, coming over.

I gave a fall back, like something sharp hit me. My head got dizzy, and
my eyes got blind.

I wanted to run away from him, but, ach! everything in me rushed to

I was feeling like struck deaf, dumb, and blind all in one.

He must have said something to me, and I must have answered back
something to him, but how? What? I only remember like in a dream my
getting to the cloakroom. Such a tearing, grinding pain was dragging me
down to the floor that I had to hold on to the wall not to fall.

All of a sudden I feel a pull on my arm. It was the janitor with the
broom in his hand.

“Lady, are you sick? The wedding people is all gone, and I swept up

But I couldn’t wake up from myself.

“Lady, the lights is going out,” he says, looking on me queer.

“I think I ain’t well,” I said. And I went out.

                   *       *       *       *       *

Ach, I see again the time when we was lovers! How beautiful the world
was then!

“Maybe there never was such love like ours, and never will be,” we
was always telling one another.

When we was together there was like a light shining around us, the
light from his heart on mine, and from my heart on his. People began to
look happy just looking on us.

When we was walking we didn’t feel we was touching the earth but
flying high up through the air. We looked on the rest of the people
with pity, because it was seeming to us that we was the only two
persons awake, and all the rest was hurrying and pushing and slaving
and crowding one on the other without the splendidness of feeling for
what it was all for, like we was feeling it.

David was learning for a doctor. Daytimes he went to college,
and nights he was in a drug-store. I was working in a factory on
shirt-waists. We was poor. But we didn’t feel poor. The waists I was
sewing flyed like white birds through my fingers, because his face was
shining out of everything I touched.

David was always trying to learn me how to make myself over for
an American. Sometimes he would spend out fifteen cents to buy me
the “Ladies’ Home Journal” to read about American life, and my
whole head was put away on how to look neat and be up-to-date like the
American girls. Till long hours in the night I used to stay up brushing
and pressing my plain blue suit with the white collar what David liked,
and washing my waists, and fixing up my hat like the pattern magazines
show you.

On holidays he took me out for a dinner by a restaurant, to learn me
how the Americans eat, with napkins, and use up so many plates--the
butter by itself, and the bread by itself, and the meat by itself, and
the potatoes by itself.

Always when the six o’clock whistle blowed, he was waiting for me on
the corner from the shop to take me home.

“Ut, there waits Sara’s doctor feller,” the girls were nudging
one to the other, as we went out from the shop. “Ain’t she the
lucky one!”

All the way as we walked along he was learning me how to throw off my
greenhorn talk, and say out the words in the American.

He used to stop me in the middle of the pavement and laugh from me,
shaking me: “No t’ink or t’ank or t’ought, now. You’re an
American,” he would say to me. And then he would fix my tongue
and teeth together and make me say after him: “th-think, th-thank,
th-thought; this, that, there.” And if I said the words right, he
kissed me in the hall when we got home. And if I said them wrong, he
kissed me anyhow.

He moved next door to us, so we shouldn’t lose the sweetness from one
little minute that we could be together. There was only the thin wall
between our kitchen and his room, and the first thing in the morning,
we would knock in one to the other to begin the day together.

“See what I got for you, Hertzele,” he said to me one day, holding
up a grand printed card.

I gave a read. It was the ticket invitation for his graduation from
college. I gave it a touch, with pride melting over in my heart.

“Only one week more, and you’ll be a doctor for the world!”

“And then, heart of mine,” he said, drawing me over to him and
kissing me on the lips, “when I get my office fixed up, you will
marry me?”

“Ach, such a happiness,” I answered, “to be together all the
time, and wait on you and cook for you, and do everything for you, like
if I was your mother!”

“Uncle Rosenberg is coming special from Boston for my graduation.”

“The one what helped out your chance for college?” I asked.

“Yes, and he’s going to start me up the doctor’s office, he
says. Like his son he looks on me, because he only got daughters in his

“Ach, the good heart! He’ll yet have joy and good luck from
us! What is he saying about me?” I ask.

“I want him to see you first, darling. You can’t help going to his
heart, when he’ll only give a look on you.”

“Think only, Mammele--David is graduating for a doctor in a week!”
I gave a hurry in to my mother that night. “And his Uncle Rosenberg
is coming special from Boston and says he’ll start him up in his
doctor’s office.”

“Oi weh, the uncle is going to give a come, you say? Look how the
house looks! And the children in rags and no shoes on their feet!”

The whole week before the uncle came, my mother and I was busy nights
buying and fixing up, and painting the chairs, and nailing together
solid the table, and hanging up calendar pictures to cover up the
broken plaster on the wall, and fixing the springs from the sleeping
lounge so it didn’t sink in, and scrubbing up everything, and even
washing the windows, like before Passover.

I stopped away from the shop, on the day David was graduating.
Everything in the house was like for a holiday. The children
shined up like rich people’s children, with their faces
washed clean and their hair brushed and new shoes on their feet. I made
my father put away his black shirt and dress up in an American white
shirt and starched collar. I fixed out my mother in a new white waist
and a blue checked apron, and I blowed myself to dress up the baby
in everything new, like a doll in a window. Her round, laughing face
lighted up the house, so beautiful she was.

By the time we got finished the rush to fix ourselves out, the
children’s cheeks was red with excitement and our eyes was bulging
bright, like ready to start for a picnic.

When David came in with his uncle, my father and mother and all the
children gave a stand up.

But the “Boruch Chabo” and the hot words of welcome, what was
rushing from us to say, froze up on our lips by the stiff look the
uncle throwed on us.

David’s uncle didn’t look like David. He had a thick neck and a red
face and the breathing of a man what eats plenty.--But his eyes looked
smart like David’s.

He wouldn’t take no seat and didn’t seem to want to let go from
the door.

David laughed and talked fast, and moved around nervous, trying to
cover up the ice. But he didn’t get no answers from nobody. And he
didn’t look in my eyes, and I was feeling myself ashamed, like I did
something wrong which I didn’t understand.

My father started up to say something to the uncle--“Our David--”
But I quick pulled him by the sleeve to stop. And nobody after that
could say nothing, nobody except David.

I couldn’t get up the heart to ask them to give a taste from the cake
and the wine what we made ready special for them on the table.

The baby started crying for a cake, and I quick went over to take her
up, because I wanted to hide myself with being busy with her. But only
the crying and nothing else happening made my heart give a shiver, like
bad luck was in the air.

And right away the uncle and him said good-bye and walked out.

When the door was shut the children gave a rush for the cakes, and then
burst out in the street.

“Come, Schmuel,” said my mother, “I got to say something with
you.” And she gave my father a pull in the other room and closed
the door.

I felt they was trying not to look on me, and was shrinking away from
the shame that was throwed on me.

“Och, what’s the matter with me! Nothing can come between David and
me. His uncle ain’t everything,” I said, trying to pull up my head.

I sat myself down by the table to cool down my nervousness. “Brace
yourself up,” I said to myself, jumping up from the chair and
beginning to walk around again. “Nothing has happened. Stop off
nagging yourself.”

Just then I hear loud voices through the wall. I go nearer. Ut, it’s
his uncle!

The plaster from the wall was broken on our side by the door. “Lay
your ear in this crack, and you can hear plain the words,” I say to

“What’s getting over you? You ain’t that kind to do such a
thing,” I say. But still I do it.

Oi weh, I hear the uncle plainly! “What’s all this mean, these
neighbors? Who’s the pretty girl what made such eyes on you?”

“Ain’t she beautiful? Do you like her?” I hear David.

“What? What’s that matter to you?”

“I’ll marry myself to her,” says David.

“Marry! Marry yourself into that beggar house! Are you crazy?”

“A man could get to anywhere with such a beautiful girl.”

“Koosh! Pretty faces is cheap like dirt. What has she got to bring
you in for your future? An empty pocketbook? A starving family to hang
over your neck?”

“You don’t know nothing about her. You don’t know what you’re
saying. She comes from fine people in Russia. You can see her father is
a learned man.”

“Ach! You make me a disgust with your calf talk! Poverty winking from
every corner of the house! Hunger hollering from all their starved
faces! I got too much sense to waste my love on beggars. And all
the time I was planning for you an American family, people which are
somebodies in this world, which could help you work up a practice! For
why did I waste my good dollars on you?”

“Gott! Ain’t David answering?” my heart cries out. “Why don’t
he throw him out of the house?”

“Perhaps I can’t hear him,” I think, and with my finger-nails I
pick thinner the broken plaster.

I push myself back to get away and not to do it. But it did itself with
my hands. “Don’t let me hear nothing,” I pray, and yet I strain
more to hear.

The uncle was still hollering. And David wasn’t saying nothing for

“Gazlen! You want to sink your life in a family of beggars?”

“But I love her. We’re so happy together. Don’t that count for
something? I can’t live without her.”

“Koosh! Love her! Do you want to plan your future with your heart
or with your head? Take for your wife an ignorant shopgirl without a
cent! Can two dead people start up a dance together?”

“So you mean not to help me with the office?”

“Yah-yah-yah! I’ll run on all fours to do it! The impudence from
such penniless nobodies wanting to pull in a young man with a future
for a doctor! Nobody but such a yok like you would be such an easy

“Well, I got to live my own life, and I love her.”

“That’s all I got to say.--Where’s my hat? Throw yourself away on
the pretty face, make yourself to shame and to laughter with a ragged
Melamid for a father-in-law, and I wash my hands from you for the rest
of your life.”

                   *       *       *       *       *

A change came over David from that day. For the first time we was no
more one person together. We couldn’t no more laugh and talk like we
used to. When I tried to look him in the eyes, he gave them a turn away
from me.

I used to lie awake nights turning over in my head David’s looks,
David’s words, and it made me frightened like something black rising
over me and pushing me out from David’s heart. I could feel he was
blaming me for something I couldn’t understand.

Once David asked me, “Don’t you love me no more?”

I tried to tell him that there wasn’t no change in my love, but I
couldn’t no more talk out to him what was in my mind, like I used.

“I didn’t want to worry you before with my worries,” he said to
me at last.

“Worry me, David! What am I here for?”

“My uncle is acting like a stingy grouch,” he answered me, “and I
can’t stand no more his bossing me.”

“Why didn’t you speak yourself out to me what was on your mind,
David?” I asked him.

“You don’t know how my plans is smashed to pieces,” he said, with
a worried look on his face. “I don’t see how I’ll ever be able to
open my doctor’s office. And how can we get married with your people
hanging on for your wages?”

“Ah, David, don’t you no longer feel that love can find a way

He looked on me, down and up, and up and down, till I drawed myself
back, frightened.

But he grabbed me back to him. “I love you. I love you, heart
of mine,” he said, kissing me on the neck, on my hair and my
eyes. “And nothing else matters, does it, does it?” and he kissed
me again and again, as if he wanted to swallow me up.

Next day I go out from the shop and down the steps to meet him, like on
every day.

I give a look around.

“Gott! Where is he? He wasn’t never late before,” gave a knock
my heart.

I waited out till all the girls was gone, and the streets was getting
empty, but David didn’t come yet.

“Maybe an accident happened to him, and I standing round here like a
dummy,” and I gave a quick hurry home.

But nobody had heard nothing.

“He’s coming! He _must_ come!” I fighted back my fear. But by
evening he hadn’t come yet.

I sent in my brother next door to see if he could find him.

“He moved to-day,” comes in my brother to tell me.

“My God! David left me? It ain’t possible!”

I walk around the house, waiting and listening. “Don’t let nobody
see your nervousness. Don’t let yourself out. Don’t break down.”

It got late and everybody was gone to bed.

I couldn’t take my clothes off. Any minute he’ll come up the steps
or knock on the wall. Any minute a telegram will come.

It’s twelve o’clock. It’s one. Two!

Every time I hear footsteps in the empty street, I am by the
window--“Maybe it’s him.”

It’s beginning the day.

The sun is rising. Oi weh, how can the sun rise and he not here?

Mein Gott! He ain’t coming!

I sit myself down on the floor by the window with my head on the sill.

Everybody is sleeping. I can’t sleep. And I’m so tired.

Next day I go, like pushed on, to the shop, glad to be swallowed up by
my work.

The noise of the knocking machines is like a sleeping-medicine to the
cryings inside of me. All day I watched my hands push the waists up and
down the machine. I wasn’t with my hands. It was like my breathing
stopped and I was sitting inside of myself, waiting for David.

The six o’clock whistle blowed. I go out from the shop.

I can’t help it--I look for him.

“Oi, Gott! Do something for me once! Send him only!”

I hold on to the iron fence of the shop, because I feel my heart
bleeding away.

I can’t go away. The girls all come out from the shops, and the
streets get empty and still. But at the end of the block once in a
while somebody crosses and goes out from sight.

I watch them. I begin counting, “One, two, three--”

Underneath my mind is saying, “Maybe it’s him. Maybe the next

My eyes shut themselves. I feel the end from everything.

“Ah, David! David! Gott! Mein Gott!”

I fall on the steps and clinch the stones with the twistings of my
body. A terrible cry breaks out from me--“David! David!” My soul is
tearing itself out from my body. It is gone.

Next day I got news--David opened a doctor’s office uptown.

Nothing could hurt me no more. I didn’t hope for nothing. Even if he
wanted me back, I couldn’t go to him no more. I was like something
dying what wants to be left alone in darkness.

But still something inside of me wanted to see for itself how all is
dead between us, and I write him:

“David Novak: You killed me. You killed my love. Why did you leave me
yet living? Why must I yet drag on the deadness from me?”

I don’t know why I wrote him. I just wanted to give a look on him. I
wanted to fill up my eyes with him before I turned them away forever.

I was sitting by the table in the kitchen, wanting to sew, but my hands
was lying dead on the table, when the door back of me burst open.

“O God! What have I done? Your face is like ashes! You look like you
are dying!” David gave a rush in.

His hair wasn’t combed, his face wasn’t shaved, his clothes was all
wrinkled. My letter he was holding crushed in his hand.

“I killed you! I left you! But I didn’t rest a minute since I went
away! Heart of mine, forgive me!”

He gave a take my hand, and fell down kneeling by me.

“Sarale, speak to me!”

“False dog! Coward!” cried my father, breaking in on us. “Get
up! Get out! Don’t dare touch my child again! May your name and
memory be blotted out!”

David covered up his head with his arm and fell back to the wall like
my father had hit him.

“You yet listen to him?” cried my father, grabbing me by the arm
and shaking me. “Didn’t I tell you he’s a Meshumid, a denier of

“Have pity! Speak to me! Give me only a word!” David begged me.

I wanted to speak to him, to stretch out my hands to him and call him
over, but I couldn’t move my body. No voice came from my lips no more
than if I was locked in my grave.

I was dead, and the David I loved was dead.

I married Sam because he came along and wanted me, and I didn’t care
about nothing no more.

But for long after, even when the children began coming, my head was
still far away in the dream of the time when love was. Before my eyes
was always his face, drawing me on. In my ears was always his voice,
but thin, like from far away.

I was like a person following after something in the dark.

For years when I went out into the street or got into a car, it gave a
knock my heart--“Maybe I’ll see him yet to-day.”

When I heard he got himself engaged, I hunted up where she lived,
and with Sammy in the carriage and the three other children hanging on
to my skirts, I stayed around for hours to look up at the grand stone
house where she lived, just to take a minute’s look on her.

When I seen her go by, it stabbed awake in me the old days.

It ain’t that I still love him, but nothing don’t seem real to me
no more. For the little while when we was lovers I breathed the air
from the high places where love comes from, and I can’t no more come


What I so greatly feared, happened! Miss Whiteside, the dean of our
college, withheld my diploma. When I came to her office, and asked her
why she did not pass me, she said that she could not recommend me as a
teacher because of my personal appearance.

She told me that my skin looked oily, my hair unkempt, and my
finger-nails sadly neglected. She told me that I was utterly unmindful
of the little niceties of the well-groomed lady. She pointed out that
my collar did not set evenly, my belt was awry, and there was a lack
of freshness in my dress. And she ended with: “Soap and water are
cheap. Any one can be clean.”

In those four years while I was under her supervision, I was always
timid and diffident. I shrank and trembled when I had to come near
her. When I had to say something to her, I mumbled and stuttered, and
grew red and white in the face with fear.

Every time I had to come to the dean’s office for a private
conference, I prepared for the ordeal of her cold scrutiny, as a
patient prepares for a surgical operation. I watched her gimlet eyes
searching for a stray pin, for a spot on my dress, for my unpolished
shoes, for my uncared-for finger-nails, as one strapped on the
operating table watches the surgeon approaching with his tray of
sterilized knives.

She never looked into my eyes. She never perceived that I had a
soul. She did not see how I longed for beauty and cleanliness. How I
strained and struggled to lift myself from the dead toil and exhaustion
that weighed me down. She could see nothing in people like me, except
the dirt and the stains on the outside.

But this last time when she threatened to withhold my diploma, because
of my appearance, this last time when she reminded me that “Soap and
water are cheap. Any one can be clean,” this last time, something
burst within me.

I felt the suppressed wrath of all the unwashed of the earth break
loose within me. My eyes blazed fire. I didn’t care for myself, nor
the dean, nor the whole laundered world. I had suffered the cruelty
of their cleanliness and the tyranny of their culture to the breaking
point. I was too frenzied to know what I said or did. But I saw clean,
immaculate, spotless Miss Whiteside shrivel and tremble and cower
before me, as I had shriveled and trembled and cowered before her for
so many years.

Why did she give me my diploma? Was it pity? Or can it be that in my
outburst of fury, at the climax of indignities that I had suffered, the
barriers broke, and she saw into the world below from where I came?

Miss Whiteside had no particular reason for hounding and persecuting
me. Personally, she didn’t give a hang if I was clean or dirty. She
was merely one of the agents of clean society, delegated to judge who
is fit and who is unfit to teach.

While they condemned me as unfit to be a teacher, because of my
appearance, I was slaving to keep them clean. I was slaving in a
laundry from five to eight in the morning, before going to college, and
from six to eleven at night, after coming from college. Eight hours of
work a day, outside my studies. Where was the time and the strength for
the “little niceties of the well-groomed lady”?

At the time when they rose and took their morning bath, and put on
their fresh-laundered linen that somebody had made ready for them, when
they were being served with their breakfast, I had already toiled for
three hours in a laundry.

When college hours were over, they went for a walk in the fresh
air. They had time to rest, and bathe again, and put on fresh clothes
for dinner. But I, after college hours, had only time to bolt a soggy
meal, and rush back to the grind of the laundry till eleven at night.

At the hour when they came from the theater or musicale, I came from
the laundry. But I was so bathed in the sweat of exhaustion that I
could not think of a bath of soap and water. I had only strength to
drag myself home, and fall down on the bed and sleep. Even if I had had
the desire and the energy to take a bath, there were no such things as
bathtubs in the house where I lived.

Often as I stood at my board at the laundry, I thought of Miss
Whiteside, and her clean world, clothed in the snowy shirt-waists
I had ironed. I was thinking--I, soaking in the foul vapors of the
steaming laundry, I, with my dirty, tired hands, I am ironing the
clean, immaculate shirt-waists of clean, immaculate society. I, the
unclean one, am actually fashioning the pedestal of their cleanliness,
from which they reach down, hoping to lift me to the height that I have
created for them.

I look back at my sweatshop childhood. One day, when I was about
sixteen, some one gave me Rosenfeld’s poem, “The Machine,” to
read. Like a spark thrown among oily rags, it set my whole being aflame
with longing for self-expression. But I was dumb. I had nothing but
blind, aching feeling. For days I went about with agonies of feeling,
yet utterly at sea how to fathom and voice those feelings--birth-throes
of infinite worlds, and yet dumb.

Suddenly, there came upon me this inspiration. I can go to
college! There I shall learn to express myself, to voice my
thoughts. But I was not prepared to go to college. The girl in the
cigar factory, in the next block, had gone first to a preparatory
school. Why shouldn’t I find a way, too?

Going to college seemed as impossible for me, at that time, as for an
ignorant Russian shopgirl to attempt to write poetry in English. But I
was sixteen then, and the impossible was a magnet to draw the dreams
that had no outlet. Besides, the actual was so barren, so narrow,
so strangling, that the dream of the unattainable was the only air in
which the soul could survive.

The ideal of going to college was like the birth of a new religion in
my soul. It put new fire in my eyes, and new strength in my tired arms
and fingers.

For six years I worked daytimes and went at night to a preparatory
school. For six years I went about nursing the illusion that college
was a place where I should find self-expression, and vague, pent-up
feelings could live as thoughts and grow as ideas.

At last I came to college. I rushed for it with the outstretched
arms of youth’s aching hunger to give and take of life’s deepest
and highest, and I came against the solid wall of the well-fed,
well-dressed world--the frigid whitewashed wall of cleanliness.

Until I came to college I had been unconscious of my clothes. Suddenly
I felt people looking at me at arm’s length, as if I were crooked
or crippled, as if I had come to a place where I didn’t belong, and
would never be taken in.

How I pinched, and scraped, and starved myself, to save enough to come
to college! Every cent of the tuition fee I paid was drops of sweat and
blood from underpaid laundry work. And what did I get for it? A crushed
spirit, a broken heart, a stinging sense of poverty that I never felt

The courses of study I had to swallow to get my diploma were utterly
barren of interest to me. I didn’t come to college to get dull
learning from dead books. I didn’t come for that dry, inanimate
stuff that can be hammered out in lectures. I came because I longed
for the larger life, for the stimulus of intellectual associations. I
came because my whole being clamored for more vision, more light. But
everywhere I went I saw big fences put up against me, with the brutal
signs: “No trespassing. Get off the grass.”

I experienced at college the same feeling of years ago when I came to
this country, when after months of shut-in-ness, in dark tenements
and stifling sweatshops, I had come to Central Park for the first
time. Like a bird just out from a cage, I stretched out my arms, and
then flung myself in ecstatic abandon on the grass. Just as I began to
breathe in the fresh-smelling earth, and lift up my eyes to the sky, a
big, fat policeman with a club in his hand, seized me, with: “Can’t
you read the sign? Get off the grass!” Miss Whiteside, the dean of
the college, the representative of the clean, the educated world, for
all her external refinement, was to me like that big, brutal policeman,
with the club in his hand, that drove me off the grass.

The death-blows to all aspiration began when I graduated from college
and tried to get a start at the work for which I had struggled so hard
to fit myself. I soon found other agents of clean society, who had
the power of giving or withholding the positions I sought, judging
me as Miss Whiteside judged me. One glance at my shabby clothes, the
desperate anguish that glazed and dulled my eyes and I felt myself
condemned by them before I opened my lips to speak.

Starvation forced me to accept the lowest-paid substitute position. And
because my wages were so low and so unsteady, I could never get the
money for the clothes to make an appearance to secure a position with
better pay. I was tricked and foiled. I was considered unfit to get
decent pay for my work because of my appearance, and it was to the
advantage of those who used me that my appearance should damn me, so as
to get me to work for the low wages I was forced to accept. It seemed
to me the whole vicious circle of society’s injustices was thrust
like a noose around my neck to strangle me.

The insults and injuries I had suffered at college had so eaten into
my flesh that I could not bear to get near it. I shuddered with horror
whenever I had to pass the place blocks away. The hate which I felt
for Miss Whiteside spread like poison inside my soul, into hate for all
clean society. The whole clean world was massed against me. Whenever I
met a well-dressed person, I felt the secret stab of a hidden enemy.

I was so obsessed and consumed with my grievances that I could not get
away from myself and think things out in the light. I was in the grip
of that blinding, destructive, terrible thing--righteous indignation. I
could not rest. I wanted the whole world to know that the college
was against democracy in education, that clothes form the basis of
class distinctions, that after graduation the opportunities for the
best positions are passed out to those who are best-dressed, and the
students too poor to put up a front are pigeon-holed and marked unfit
and abandoned to the mercy of the wind.

A wild desire raged in the corner of my brain. I knew that the dean
gave dinners to the faculty at regular intervals. I longed to burst
in at one of those feasts, in the midst of their grand speech-making,
and tear down the fine clothes from these well-groomed ladies and
gentlemen, and trample them under my feet, and scream like a lunatic:
“Soap and water are cheap! Soap and water are cheap! Look at me! See
how cheap it is!”

There seemed but three avenues of escape to the torments of my wasted
life, madness, suicide, or a heart-to-heart confession to some one who
understood. I had not energy enough for suicide. Besides, in my darkest
moments of despair, hope clamored loudest. Oh, I longed so to live, to
dream my way up on the heights, above the unreal realities that ground
me and dragged me down to earth.

Inside the ruin of my thwarted life, the _unlived_ visionary immigrant
hungered and thirsted for America. I had come a refugee from the
Russian pogroms, aflame with dreams of America. I did not find America
in the sweatshops, much less in the schools and colleges. But for
hundreds of years the persecuted races all over the world were nurtured
on hopes of America. When a little baby in my mother’s arms, before I
was old enough to speak, I saw all around me weary faces light up with
thrilling tales of the far-off “golden country.” And so, though my
faith in this so-called America was shattered, yet underneath, in the
sap and roots of my soul, burned the deathless faith that America is,
must be, somehow, somewhere. In the midst of my bitterest hates and
rebellions, visions of America rose over me, like songs of freedom of
an oppressed people.

My body was worn to the bone from overwork, my footsteps dragged with
exhaustion, but my eyes still sought the sky, praying, ceaselessly
praying, the dumb, inarticulate prayer of the lost immigrant:
“America! Ach, America! Where is America?”

It seemed to me if I could only find some human being to whom I
could unburden my heart, I would have new strength to begin again my
insatiable search for America.

But to whom could I speak? The people in the laundry? They never
understood me. They had a grudge against me because I left them when I
tried to work myself up. Could I speak to the college people? What did
these icebergs of convention know about the vital things of the heart?

And yet, I remembered, in the freshman year, in one of the courses in
chemistry, there was an instructor, a woman, who drew me strangely. I
felt she was the only real teacher among all the teachers and
professors I met. I didn’t care for the chemistry, but I liked to
look at her. She gave me life, air, the unconscious emanation of
her beautiful spirit. I had not spoken a word to her, outside the
experiments in chemistry, but I knew her more than the people around
her who were of her own class. I felt in the throb of her voice, in the
subtle shading around the corner of her eyes, the color and texture of
her dreams.

Often in the midst of our work in chemistry I felt like crying out to
her: “Oh, please be my friend. I’m so lonely.” But something
choked me. I couldn’t speak. The very intensity of my longing for
her friendship made me run away from her in confusion the minute she
approached me. I was so conscious of my shabbiness that I was afraid
maybe she was only trying to be kind. I couldn’t bear kindness. I
wanted from her love, understanding, or nothing.

About ten years after I left college, as I walked the streets bowed
and beaten with the shame of having to go around begging for work, I
met Miss Van Ness. She not only recognized me, but stopped to ask how I
was, and what I was doing.

I had begun to think that my only comrades in this world were the
homeless and abandoned cats and dogs of the street, whom everybody
gives another kick, as they slam the door on them. And here was one
from the clean world human enough to be friendly. Here was one of the
well-dressed, with a look in her eyes and a sound in her voice that was
like healing oil over the bruises of my soul. The mere touch of that
woman’s hand in mine so overwhelmed me, that I burst out crying in
the street.

The next morning I came to Miss Van Ness at her office. In those ten
years she had risen to a professorship. But I was not in the least
intimidated by her high office. I felt as natural in her presence as
if she were my own sister. I heard myself telling her the whole story
of my life, but I felt that even if I had not said a word she would
have understood all I had to say as if I had spoken. It was all so
unutterable, to find one from the other side of the world who was so
simply and naturally that miraculous thing--a friend. Just as contact
with Miss Whiteside had tied and bound all my thinking processes, so
Miss Van Ness unbound and freed me and suffused me with light.

I felt the joy of one breathing on the mountain-tops for the first
time. I looked down at the world below. I was changed and the world was
changed. My past was the forgotten night. Sunrise was all around me.

I went out from Miss Van Ness’s office, singing a song of new life:
“America! I found America.”


In an air-shaft so narrow that you could touch the next wall with your
bare hands, Hanneh Breineh leaned out and knocked on her neighbor’s

“Can you loan me your wash-boiler for the clothes?” she called.

Mrs. Pelz threw up the sash.

“The boiler? What’s the matter with yours again? Didn’t you tell
me you had it fixed already last week?”

“A black year on him, the robber, the way he fixed it! If you have
no luck in this world, then it’s better not to live. There I spent
out fifteen cents to stop up one hole, and it runs out another. How I
ate out my gall bargaining with him he should let it down to fifteen
cents! He wanted yet a quarter, the swindler. Gottuniu! My bitter heart
on him for every penny he took from me for nothing!”

“You got to watch all those swindlers, or they’ll steal the whites
out of your eyes,” admonished Mrs. Pelz. “You should have tried
out your boiler before you paid him. Wait a minute till I empty out my
dirty clothes in a pillow-case; then I’ll hand it to you.”

Mrs. Pelz returned with the boiler and tried to hand it across to
Hanneh Breineh, but the soap-box refrigerator on the window-sill was in
the way.

“You got to come in for the boiler yourself,” said Mrs. Pelz.

“Wait only till I tie my Sammy on to the high-chair he shouldn’t
fall on me again. He’s so wild that ropes won’t hold him.”

Hanneh Breineh tied the child in the chair, stuck a pacifier in his
mouth, and went in to her neighbor. As she took the boiler Mrs. Pelz

“Do you know Mrs. Melker ordered fifty pounds of chicken for her
daughter’s wedding? And such grand chickens! Shining like gold! My
heart melted in me just looking at the flowing fatness of those

Hanneh Breineh smacked her thin, dry lips, a hungry gleam in her sunken

“Fifty pounds!” she gasped. “It ain’t possible. How do you

“I heard her with my own ears. I saw them with my own eyes. And she
said she will chop up the chicken livers with onions and eggs for an
appetizer, and then she will buy twenty-five pounds of fish, and cook
it sweet and sour with raisins, and she said she will bake all her
shtrudels on pure chicken fat.”

“Some people work themselves up in the world,” sighed Hanneh
Breineh. “For them is America flowing with milk and honey. In Savel
Mrs. Melker used to get shriveled up from hunger. She and her children
used to live on potato-peelings and crusts of dry bread picked out
from the barrels; and in America she lives to eat chicken, and apple
shtrudels soaking in fat.”

“The world is a wheel always turning,” philosophized Mrs.
Pelz. “Those who were high go down low, and those who’ve been
low go up higher. Who will believe me here in America that in Poland
I was a cook in a banker’s house? I handled ducks and geese every
day. I used to bake coffee-cake with cream so thick you could cut it
with a knife.”

“And do you think I was a nobody in Poland?” broke in Hanneh
Breineh, tears welling in her eyes as the memories of her past
rushed over her. “But what’s the use of talking? In America
money is everything. Who cares who my father or grandfather was in
Poland? Without money I’m a living dead one. My head dries out
worrying how to get for the children the eating a penny cheaper.”

Mrs. Pelz wagged her head, a gnawing envy contracting her features.

“Mrs. Melker had it good from the day she came,” she said,
begrudgingly. “Right away she sent all her children to the
factory, and she began to cook meat for dinner every day. She and her
children have eggs and buttered rolls for breakfast each morning like

A sudden fall and a baby’s scream, and the boiler dropped from Hanneh
Breineh’s hands as she rushed into her kitchen, Mrs. Pelz after
her. They found the high-chair turned on top of the baby.

“Gewalt! Save me! Run for a doctor!” cried Hanneh Breineh, as she
dragged the child from under the high-chair. “He’s killed! He’s
killed! My only child! My precious lamb!” she shrieked as she ran
back and forth with the screaming infant.

Mrs. Pelz snatched little Sammy from the mother’s hands.

“Meshugneh! What are you running around like a crazy, frightening
the child? Let me see. Let me tend to him. He ain’t killed yet.”
She hastened to the sink to wash the child’s face, and discovered a
swelling lump on his forehead. “Have you a quarter in your house?”
she asked.

“Yes, I got one,” replied Hanneh Breineh, climbing on a chair. “I
got to keep it on a high shelf where the children can’t get it.”

Mrs. Pelz seized the quarter Hanneh Breineh handed down to her.

“Now pull your left eyelid three times while I’m pressing the
quarter, and you’ll see the swelling go down.”

Hanneh Breineh took the child again in her arms, shaking and cooing
over it and caressing it.

“Ah-ah-ah, Sammy! Ah-ah-ah-ah, little lamb! Ah-ah-ah, little
bird! Ah-ah-ah-ah, precious heart! Oh, you saved my life; I thought he
was killed,” gasped Hanneh Breineh, turning to Mrs. Pelz. “Oi-i!”
she sighed, “a mother’s heart! Always in fear over her children.
The minute anything happens to them all life goes out of
me. I lose my head and I don’t know where I am any more.”

“No wonder the child fell,” admonished Mrs. Pelz. “You should
have a red ribbon or red beads on his neck to keep away the evil
eye. Wait. I got something in my machine-drawer.”

Mrs. Pelz returned, bringing the boiler and a red string, which she
tied about the child’s neck while the mother proceeded to fill the

A little later Hanneh Breineh again came into Mrs. Pelz’s
kitchen, holding Sammy in one arm and in the other an apronful of
potatoes. Putting the child down on the floor, she seated herself on
the unmade kitchen-bed and began to peel the potatoes in her apron.

“Woe to me!” sobbed Hanneh Breineh. “To my bitter luck there
ain’t no end. With all my other troubles, the stove got broke. I
lighted the fire to boil the clothes, and it’s to get choked with
smoke. I paid rent only a week ago, and the agent don’t want to fix
it. A thunder should strike him! He only comes for the rent, and if
anything has to be fixed, then he don’t want to hear nothing.

“Why comes it to me so hard?” went on Hanneh Breineh, the tears
streaming down her cheeks. “I can’t stand it no more. I came into
you for a minute to run away from my troubles. It’s only when I sit
myself down to peel potatoes or nurse the baby that I take time to draw
a breath, and beg only for death.”

Mrs. Pelz, accustomed to Hanneh Breineh’s bitter outbursts, continued
her scrubbing.

“Ut!” exclaimed Hanneh Breineh, irritated at her neighbor’s
silence, “what are you tearing up the world with your cleaning?
What’s the use to clean up when everything only gets dirty

“I got to shine up my house for the holidays.”

“You’ve got it so good nothing lays on your mind but to clean
your house. Look on this little blood-sucker,” said Hanneh Breineh,
pointing to the wizened child, made prematurely solemn from starvation
and neglect. “Could anybody keep that brat clean? I wash him
one minute, and he is dirty the minute after.” Little Sammy grew
frightened and began to cry. “Shut up!” ordered the mother, picking
up the child to nurse it again. “Can’t you see me take a rest for
a minute?”

The hungry child began to cry at the top of its weakened lungs.

“Na, na, you glutton.” Hanneh Breineh took out a dirty pacifier
from her pocket and stuffed it into the baby’s mouth. The grave,
pasty-faced infant shrank into a panic of fear, and chewed the nipple
nervously, clinging to it with both his thin little hands.

“For what did I need yet the sixth one?” groaned Hanneh Breineh,
turning to Mrs. Pelz. “Wasn’t it enough five mouths to feed? If
I didn’t have this child on my neck, I could turn myself around
and earn a few cents.” She wrung her hands in a passion of
despair. “Gottuniu! The earth should only take it before it grows

“Shah! Shah!” reproved Mrs. Pelz. “Pity yourself on the
child. Let it grow up already so long as it is here. See how frightened
it looks on you.” Mrs. Pelz took the child in her arms and petted
it. “The poor little lamb! What did it done you should hate it so?”

Hanneh Breineh pushed Mrs. Pelz away from her.

“To whom can I open the wounds of my heart?” she moaned. “Nobody
has pity on me. You don’t believe me, nobody believes me until
I’ll fall down like a horse in the middle of the street. Oi weh! Mine
life is so black for my eyes! Some mothers got luck. A child gets run
over by a car, some fall from a window, some burn themselves up with
a match, some get choked with diphtheria; but no death takes mine

“God from the world, stop cursing!” admonished Mrs. Pelz. “What
do you want from the poor children? Is it their fault that their father
makes small wages? Why do you let it all out on them?” Mrs. Pelz sat
down beside Hanneh Breineh. “Wait only till your children get old
enough to go to the shop and earn money,” she consoled. “Push only
through those few years while they are yet small; your sun will begin
to shine; you will live on the fat of the land, when they begin to
bring you in the wages each week.”

Hanneh Breineh refused to be comforted.

“Till they are old enough to go to the shop and earn money they’ll
eat the head off my bones,” she wailed. “If you only knew the
fights I got by each meal. Maybe I gave Abe a bigger piece of bread
than Fanny. Maybe Fanny got a little more soup in her plate than
Jake. Eating is dearer than diamonds. Potatoes went up a cent on a
pound, and milk is only for millionaires. And once a week, when I buy
a little meat for the Sabbath, the butcher weighs it for me like gold,
with all the bones in it. When I come to lay the meat out on a plate
and divide it up, there ain’t nothing to it but bones. Before, he
used to throw me in a piece of fat extra or a piece of lung, but now
you got to pay for everything, even for a bone to the soup.”

“Never mind; you’ll yet come out from all your troubles. Just as
soon as your children get old enough to get their working papers the
more children you got, the more money you’ll have.”

“Why should I fool myself with the false shine of hope? Don’t I
know it’s already my black luck not to have it good in this world? Do
you think American children will right away give everything they earn
to their mother?”

“I know what is with you the matter,” said Mrs. Pelz. “You
didn’t eat yet to-day. When it is empty in the stomach, the whole
world looks black. Come, only let me give you something good to
taste in the mouth; that will freshen you up.” Mrs. Pelz went to
the cupboard and brought out the saucepan of gefülte fish that she
had cooked for dinner and placed it on the table in front of Hanneh
Breineh. “Give a taste my fish,” she said, taking one slice on a
spoon, and handing it to Hanneh Breineh with a piece of bread. “I
wouldn’t give it to you on a plate because I just cleaned up my
house, and I don’t want to dirty up more dishes.”

“What, am I a stranger you should have to serve me on a plate yet!”
cried Hanneh Breineh, snatching the fish in her trembling fingers.

“Oi weh! How it melts through all the bones!” she exclaimed,
brightening as she ate. “May it be for good luck to us all!” she
exulted, waving aloft the last precious bite.

Mrs. Pelz was so flattered that she even ladled up a spoonful of gravy.

“There is a bit of onion and carrot in it,” she said, as she handed
it to her neighbor.

Hanneh Breineh sipped the gravy drop by drop, like a connoisseur
sipping wine.

“Ah-h-h! A taste of that gravy lifts me up to heaven!” As she
disposed leisurely of the slice of onion and carrot she relaxed and
expanded and even grew jovial. “Let us wish all our troubles on the
Russian Czar! Let him burst with our worries for rent! Let him get
shriveled with our hunger for bread! Let his eyes dry out of his head
looking for work!

“Shah! I’m forgetting from everything,” she exclaimed, jumping
up. “It must be eleven or soon twelve, and my children will be
right away out of school and fall on me like a pack of wild wolves. I
better quick run to the market and see what cheaper I can get for a

Because of the lateness of her coming, the stale bread at the nearest
bakeshop was sold out, and Hanneh Breineh had to trudge from shop to
shop in search of the usual bargain, and spent nearly an hour to save
two cents.

In the meantime the children returned from school, and, finding the
door locked, climbed through the fire-escape, and entered the house
through the window. Seeing nothing on the table, they rushed to the
stove. Abe pulled a steaming potato out of the boiling pot, and so
scalded his fingers that the potato fell to the floor; where upon the
three others pounced on it.

“It was my potato,” cried Abe, blowing his burned fingers, while
with the other hand and his foot he cuffed and kicked the three who
were struggling on the floor. A wild fight ensued, and the potato was
smashed under Abe’s foot amid shouts and screams. Hanneh Breineh,
on the stairs, heard the noise of her famished brood, and topped their
cries with curses and invectives.

“They are here already, the savages! They are here already to shorten
my life! They heard you all over the hall, in all the houses around!”

The children, disregarding her words, pounced on her market-basket,
shouting ravenously: “Mamma, I’m hungry! What more do you got to

They tore the bread and herring out of Hanneh Breineh’s basket and
devoured it in starved savagery, clamoring for more.

“Murderers!” screamed Hanneh Breineh, goaded beyond endurance.
“What are you tearing from me my flesh? From where should
I steal to give you more? Here I had already a pot of potatoes and a
whole loaf of bread and two herrings, and you swallowed it down in the
wink of an eye. I have to have Rockefeller’s millions to fill your

All at once Hanneh Breineh became aware that Benny was missing. “Oi
weh!” she burst out, wringing her hands in a new wave of woe,
“where is Benny? Didn’t he come home yet from school?”

She ran out into the hall, opened the grime-coated window, and looked
up and down the street; but Benny was nowhere in sight.

“Abe, Jake, Fanny, quick, find Benny!” entreated Hanneh Breineh, as
she rushed back into the kitchen. But the children, anxious to snatch a
few minutes’ play before the school-call, dodged past her and hurried

With the baby on her arm, Hanneh Breineh hastened to the kindergarten.

“Why are you keeping Benny here so long?” she shouted at the
teacher as she flung open the door. “If you had my bitter heart,
you would send him home long ago and not wait till I got to come for

The teacher turned calmly and consulted her record-cards.

“Benny Safron? He wasn’t present this morning.”

“Not here?” shrieked Hanneh Breineh. “I pushed him out myself
he should go. The children didn’t want to take him, and I had no
time. Woe is me! Where is my child?” She began pulling her hair and
beating her breast as she ran into the street.

Mrs. Pelz was busy at a pushcart, picking over some spotted apples,
when she heard the clamor of an approaching crowd. A block off she
recognized Hanneh Breineh, her hair disheveled, her clothes awry,
running toward her with her yelling baby in her arms, the crowd

“Friend mine,” cried Hanneh Breineh, falling on Mrs. Pelz’s
neck, “I lost my Benny, the best child of all my children.” Tears
streamed down her red, swollen eyes as she sobbed. “Benny! mine
heart, mine life! Oi-i-i!”

Mrs. Pelz took the frightened baby out of the mother’s arms.

“Still yourself a little! See how you’re frightening your child.”

“Woe to me! Where is my Benny? Maybe he’s killed already by a
car. Maybe he fainted away from hunger. He didn’t eat nothing all day
long. Gottuniu! Pity yourself on me!”

She lifted her hands full of tragic entreaty.

“People, my child! Get me my child! I’ll go crazy out of my
head! Get me my child, or I’ll take poison before your eyes!”

“Still yourself a little!” pleaded Mrs. Pelz.

“Talk not to me!” cried Hanneh Breineh, wringing her hands.
“You’re having all your children. I lost mine. Every good
luck comes to other people. But I didn’t live yet to see a good day
in my life. Mine only joy, mine Benny, is lost away from me.”

The crowd followed Hanneh Breineh as she wailed through the streets,
leaning on Mrs. Pelz. By the time she returned to her house the
children were back from school; but seeing that Benny was not there,
she chased them out in the street, crying:

“Out of here, you robbers, gluttons! Go find Benny!” Hanneh
Breineh crumpled into a chair in utter prostration. “Oi weh! he’s
lost! Mine life; my little bird; mine only joy! How many nights I
spent nursing him when he had the measles! And all that I suffered for
weeks and months when he had the whooping-cough! How the eyes went out
of my head till I learned him how to walk, till I learned him how to
talk! And such a smart child! If I lost all the others, it wouldn’t
tear me so by the heart.”

She worked herself up into such a hysteria, crying, and tearing her
hair, and hitting her head with her knuckles, that at last she fell
into a faint. It took some time before Mrs. Pelz, with the aid of
neighbors, revived her.

“Benny, mine angel!” she moaned as she opened her eyes.

Just then a policeman came in with the lost Benny.

“Na, na, here you got him already!” said Mrs. Pelz. “Why did you
carry on so for nothing? Why did you tear up the world like a crazy?”

The child’s face was streaked with tears as he cowered, frightened
and forlorn. Hanneh Breineh sprang toward him, slapping his cheeks,
boxing his ears, before the neighbors could rescue him from her.

“Woe on your head!” cried the mother. “Where did you lost
yourself? Ain’t I got enough worries on my head than to go around
looking for you? I didn’t have yet a minute’s peace from that child
since he was born!”

“See a crazy mother!” remonstrated Mrs. Pelz, rescuing Benny from
another beating. “Such a mouth! With one breath she blesses him
when he is lost, and with the other breath she curses him when he is

Hanneh Breineh took from the window-sill a piece of herring covered
with swarming flies, and putting it on a slice of dry bread, she filled
a cup of tea that had been stewing all day, and dragged Benny over to
the table to eat.

But the child, choking with tears, was unable to touch the food.

“Go eat!” commanded Hanneh Breineh. “Eat and choke yourself

                   *       *       *       *       *

“Maybe she won’t remember me no more. Maybe the servant won’t
let me in,” thought Mrs. Pelz, as she walked by the brownstone
house on Eighty-Fourth Street where she had been told Hanneh Breineh
now lived. At last she summoned up enough courage to climb the
steps. She was all out of breath as she rang the bell with trembling
fingers. “Oi weh! even the outside smells riches and plenty! Such
curtains! And shades on all windows like by millionaires! Twenty years
ago she used to eat from the pot to the hand, and now she lives in such
a palace.”

A whiff of steam-heated warmth swept over Mrs. Pelz as the door opened,
and she saw her old friend of the tenements dressed in silk and
diamonds like a being from another world.

“Mrs. Pelz, is it you!” cried Hanneh Breineh, overjoyed at the
sight of her former neighbor. “Come right in. Since when are you back
in New York?”

“We came last week,” mumbled Mrs. Pelz, as she was led into a
richly carpeted reception-room.

“Make yourself comfortable. Take off your shawl,” urged Hanneh

But Mrs. Pelz only drew her shawl more tightly around her, a keen sense
of her poverty gripping her as she gazed, abashed by the luxurious
wealth that shone from every corner.

“This shawl covers up my rags,” she said, trying to hide her shabby

“I’ll tell you what; come right into the kitchen,” suggested
Hanneh Breineh. “The servant is away for this afternoon, and we can
feel more comfortable there. I can breathe like a free person in my
kitchen when the girl has her day out.”

Mrs. Pelz glanced about her in an excited daze. Never in her life
had she seen anything so wonderful as a white-tiled kitchen, with its
glistening porcelain sink and the aluminum pots and pans that shone
like silver.

“Where are you staying now?” asked Hanneh Breineh, as she pinned an
apron over her silk dress.

“I moved back to Delancey Street, where we used to live,” replied
Mrs. Pelz, as she seated herself cautiously in a white enameled chair.

“Oi weh! What grand times we had in that old house when we were
neighbors!” sighed Hanneh Breineh, looking at her old friend with
misty eyes.

“You still think on Delancey Street? Haven’t you more high-class
neighbors uptown here?”

“A good neighbor is not to be found every day,” deplored
Hanneh Breineh. “Uptown here, where each lives in his own house,
nobody cares if the person next door is dying or going crazy from
loneliness. It ain’t anything like we used to have it in Delancey
Street, when we could walk into one another’s rooms without knocking,
and borrow a pinch of salt or a pot to cook in.”

Hanneh Breineh went over to the pantry-shelf.

“We are going to have a bite right here on the kitchen-table like on
Delancey Street. So long there’s no servant to watch us we can eat
what we please.”

“Oi! How it waters my mouth with appetite, the smell of the herring
and onion!” chuckled Mrs. Pelz, sniffing the welcome odors with
greedy pleasure.

Hanneh Breineh pulled a dish-towel from the rack and threw one end of
it to Mrs. Pelz.

“So long there’s no servant around, we can use it together for
a napkin. It’s dirty, anyhow. How it freshens up my heart to see
you!” she rejoiced as she poured out her tea into a saucer. “If you
would only know how I used to beg my daughter to write for me a letter
to you; but these American children, what is to them a mother’s

“What are you talking!” cried Mrs. Pelz. “The whole world rings
with you and your children. Everybody is envying you. Tell me how began
your luck?”

“You heard how my husband died with consumption,” replied Hanneh
Breineh. “The five hundred dollars lodge money gave me the first
lift in life, and I opened a little grocery store. Then my son Abe
married himself to a girl with a thousand dollars. That started him
in business, and now he has the biggest shirt-waist factory on West
Twenty-Ninth Street.”

“Yes, I heard your son had a factory.” Mrs. Pelz hesitated and
stammered; “I’ll tell you the truth. What I came to ask you--I
thought maybe you would beg your son Abe if he would give my husband
a job.”

“Why not?” said Hanneh Breineh. “He keeps more than five hundred
hands. I’ll ask him if he should take in Mr. Pelz.”

“Long years on you, Hanneh Breineh! You’ll save my life if you
could only help my husband get work.”

“Of course my son will help him. All my children like to do good. My
daughter Fanny is a milliner on Fifth Avenue, and she takes in the
poorest girls in her shop and even pays them sometimes while they learn
the trade.” Hanneh Breineh’s face lit up, and her chest filled with
pride as she enumerated the successes of her children. “And my son
Benny he wrote a play on Broadway and he gave away more than a hundred
free tickets for the first night.”

“Benny? The one who used to get lost from home all the time? You
always did love that child more than all the rest. And what is Sammy
your baby doing?”

“He ain’t a baby no longer. He goes to college and quarterbacks the
football team. They can’t get along without him.

“And my son Jake, I nearly forgot him. He began collecting rent
in Delancey Street, and now he is boss of renting the swellest
apartment-houses on Riverside Drive.”

“What did I tell you? In America children are like money in the
bank,” purred Mrs. Pelz, as she pinched and patted Hanneh Breineh’s
silk sleeve. “Oi weh! How it shines from you! You ought to kiss the
air and dance for joy and happiness. It is such a bitter frost outside;
a pail of coal is so dear, and you got it so warm with steam heat. I
had to pawn my feather bed to have enough for the rent, and you are
rolling in money.”

“Yes, I got it good in some ways, but money ain’t everything,”
sighed Hanneh Breineh.

“You ain’t yet satisfied?”

“But here I got no friends,” complained Hanneh Breineh.

“Friends?” queried Mrs. Pelz. “What greater friend is there on
earth than the dollar?”

“Oi! Mrs. Pelz; if you could only look into my heart! I’m so choked
up! You know they say a cow has a long tongue, but can’t talk.”
Hanneh Breineh shook her head wistfully, and her eyes filmed with
inward brooding. “My children give me everything from the best. When
I was sick, they got me a nurse by day and one by night. They bought
me the best wine. If I asked for dove’s milk, they would buy it for
me; but--but--I can’t talk myself out in their language. They want
to make me over for an American lady, and I’m different.” Tears
cut their way under her eyelids with a pricking pain as she went
on: “When I was poor, I was free, and could holler and do what I
like in my own house. Here I got to lie still like a mouse under a
broom. Between living up to my Fifth-Avenue daughter and keeping up
with the servants, I am like a sinner in the next world that is thrown
from one hell to another.” The doorbell rang, and Hanneh Breineh
jumped up with a start.

“Oi weh! It must be the servant back already!” she exclaimed,
as she tore off her apron. “Oi weh! Let’s quickly put the dishes
together in a dish-pan. If she sees I eat on the kitchen table, she
will look on me like the dirt under her feet.”

Mrs. Pelz seized her shawl in haste.

“I better run home quick in my rags before your servant sees me.”

“I’ll speak to Abe about the job,” said Hanneh Breineh, as she
pushed a bill into the hand of Mrs. Pelz, who edged out as the servant

                   *       *       *       *       *

“I’m having fried potato lotkes special for you, Benny,” said
Hanneh Breineh, as the children gathered about the table for the family
dinner given in honor of Benny’s success with his new play. “Do you
remember how you used to lick the fingers from them?”

“Oh, mother!” reproved Fanny. “Anyone hearing you would think we
were still in the pushcart district.”

“Stop your nagging, sis, and let ma alone,” commanded Benny,
patting his mother’s arm affectionately. “I’m home only once a
month. Let her feed me what she pleases. My stomach is bomb-proof.”

“Do I hear that the President is coming to your play?” said Abe,
as he stuffed a napkin over his diamond-studded shirt-front.

“Why shouldn’t he come?” returned Benny. “The critics say
it’s the greatest antidote for the race hatred created by the war. If
you want to know, he is coming to-night; and what’s more, our box is
next to the President’s.”

“Nu, mammeh,” sallied Jake, “did you ever dream in Delancey
Street that we should rub sleeves with the President?”

“I always said that Benny had more head than the rest of you,”
replied the mother.

As the laughter died away, Jake went on:

“Honor you are getting plenty; but how much mezummen does this play
bring you? Can I invest any of it in real estate for you?”

“I’m getting ten per cent royalties of the gross receipts,”
replied the youthful playwright.

“How much is that?” queried Hanneh Breineh.

“Enough to buy up all your fish-markets in Delancey Street,”
laughed Abe in good-natured raillery at his mother.

Her son’s jest cut like a knife-thrust in her heart. She felt
her heart ache with the pain that she was shut out from their
successes. Each added triumph only widened the gulf. And when she tried
to bridge this gulf by asking questions, they only thrust her back upon

“Your fame has even helped me get my hat trade solid with the Four
Hundred,” put in Fanny. “You bet I let Mrs. Van Suyden know that
our box is next to the President’s. She said she would drop in to
meet you. Of course she let on to me that she hadn’t seen the play
yet, though my designer said she saw her there on the opening night.”

“Oh, Gosh, the toadies!” sneered Benny. “Nothing so sickens you
with success as the way people who once shoved you off the sidewalk
come crawling to you on their stomachs begging you to dine with

“Say, that leading man of yours he’s some class!” cried
Fanny. “That’s the man I’m looking for. Will you invite him to
supper after the theater?”

The playwright turned to his mother.

“Say, ma,” he said, laughingly, “how would you like a real actor
for a son-in-law?”

“She should worry,” mocked Sam. “She’ll be discussing with
him the future of the Greek drama. Too bad it doesn’t happen to be
Warfield, or mother could give him tips on the ‘Auctioneer.’”

Jake turned to his mother with a covert grin.

“I guess you’d have no objection if Fanny got next to Benny’s
leading man. He makes at least fifteen hundred a week. That wouldn’t
be such a bad addition to the family, would it?”

Again the bantering tone stabbed Hanneh Breineh. Everything in her
began to tremble and break loose.

“Why do you ask me?” she cried, throwing her napkin into her
plate. “Do I count for a person in this house? If I’ll say
something, will you even listen to me? What is to me the grandest man
that my daughter could pick out? Another enemy in my house! Another
person to shame himself from me!” She swept in her children in one
glance of despairing anguish as she rose from the table. “What worth
is an old mother to American children? The President is coming to-night
to the theater, and none of you asked me to go.” Unable to check the
rising tears, she fled toward the kitchen and banged the door.

They all looked at one another guiltily.

“Say, sis,” Benny called out sharply, “what sort of frame-up is
this? Haven’t you told mother that she was to go with us to-night?”

“Yes--I--” Fanny bit her lips as she fumbled evasively for
words. “I asked her if she wouldn’t mind my taking her some other

“Now you have made a mess of it!” fumed Benny. “Mother’ll be
too hurt to go now.”

“Well, I don’t care,” snapped Fanny. “I can’t appear with
mother in a box at the theater. Can I introduce her to Mrs. Van
Suyden? And suppose your leading man should ask to meet me?”

“Take your time, sis. He hasn’t asked yet,” scoffed Benny.

“The more reason I shouldn’t spoil my chances. You know
mother. She’ll spill the beans that we come from Delancey Street the
minute we introduce her anywhere. Must I always have the black shadow
of my past trailing after me?”

“But have you no feelings for mother?” admonished Abe.

“I’ve tried harder than all of you to do my duty. I’ve _lived_
with her.” She turned angrily upon them. “I’ve borne the shame
of mother while you bought her off with a present and a treat here and
there. God knows how hard I tried to civilize her so as not to have to
blush with shame when I take her anywhere. I dressed her in the most
stylish Paris models, but Delancey Street sticks out from every inch of
her. Whenever she opens her mouth, I’m done for. You fellows had your
chance to rise in the world because a man is free to go up as high as
he can reach up to; but I, with all my style and pep, can’t get a man
my equal because a girl is always judged by her mother.”

They were silenced by her vehemence, and unconsciously turned to Benny.

“I guess we all tried to do our best for mother,” said Benny,
thoughtfully. “But wherever there is growth, there is pain and
heartbreak. The trouble with us is that the ghetto of the Middle Ages
and the children of the twentieth century have to live under one roof,

A sound of crashing dishes came from the kitchen, and the voice of
Hanneh Breineh resounded through the dining-room as she wreaked her
pent-up fury on the helpless servant.

“Oh, my nerves! I can’t stand it any more! There will be no girl
again for another week!” cried Fanny.

“Oh, let up on the old lady,” protested Abe. “Since she
can’t take it out on us any more, what harm is it if she cusses the

“If you fellows had to chase around employment agencies, you
wouldn’t see anything funny about it. Why can’t we move into a
hotel that will do away with the need of servants altogether?”

“I got it better,” said Jake, consulting a notebook from his
pocket. “I have on my list an apartment on Riverside Drive where
there’s only a small kitchenette; but we can do away with the
cooking, for there is a dining service in the building.”

                   *       *       *       *       *

The new Riverside apartment to which Hanneh Breineh was removed by
her socially ambitious children was for the habitually active mother
an empty desert of enforced idleness. Deprived of her kitchen, Hanneh
Breineh felt robbed of the last reason for her existence. Cooking and
marketing and puttering busily with pots and pans gave her an excuse
for living and struggling and bearing up with her children. The lonely
idleness of Riverside Drive stunned all her senses and arrested all
her thoughts. It gave her that choked sense of being cut off from air,
from life, from everything warm and human. The cold indifference, the
each-for-himself look in the eyes of the people about her were like
stinging slaps in the face. Even the children had nothing real or human
in them. They were starched and stiff miniatures of their elders.

But the most unendurable part of the stifling life on Riverside Drive
was being forced to eat in the public dining-room. No matter how
hard she tried to learn polite table manners, she always found people
staring at her, and her daughter rebuking her for eating with the wrong
fork or guzzling the soup or staining the cloth.

In a fit of rebellion Hanneh Breineh resolved never to go down to
the public dining-room again, but to make use of the gas-stove in
the kitchenette to cook her own meals. That very day she rode down to
Delancey Street and purchased a new market-basket. For some time she
walked among the haggling pushcart venders, relaxing and swimming in
the warm waves of her old familiar past.

A fish-peddler held up a large carp in his black, hairy hand and waved
it dramatically:

“Women! Women! Fourteen cents a pound!”

He ceased his raucous shouting as he saw Hanneh Breineh in her rich
attire approach his cart.

“How much?” she asked, pointing to the fattest carp.

“Fifteen cents, lady,” said the peddler, smirking as he raised his

“Swindler! Didn’t I hear you call fourteen cents?” shrieked
Hanneh Breineh, exultingly, the spirit of the penny chase surging in
her blood. Diplomatically, Hanneh Breineh turned as if to go, and the
fisherman seized her basket in frantic fear.

“I should live; I’m losing money on the fish, lady,” whined the
peddler. “I’ll let it down to thirteen cents for you only.”

“Two pounds for a quarter, and not a penny more,” said Hanneh
Breineh, thrilling again with the rare sport of bargaining, which had
been her chief joy in the good old days of poverty.

“Nu, I want to make the first sale for good luck.” The peddler
threw the fish on the scale.

As he wrapped up the fish, Hanneh Breineh saw the driven look of
worry in his haggard eyes, and when he counted out the change from her
dollar, she waved it aside. “Keep it for your luck,” she said, and
hurried off to strike a new bargain at a pushcart of onions.

Hanneh Breineh returned triumphantly with her purchases. The basket
under her arm gave forth the old, homelike odors of herring and
garlic, while the scaly tail of a four-pound carp protruded from its
newspaper wrapping. A gilded placard on the door of the apartment-house
proclaimed that all merchandise must be delivered through the trade
entrance in the rear; but Hanneh Breineh with her basket strode proudly
through the marble-paneled hall and rang nonchalantly for the elevator.

The uniformed hall-man, erect, expressionless, frigid with dignity,
stepped forward:

“Just a minute, madam. I’ll call a boy to take up your basket for

Hanneh Breineh, glaring at him, jerked the basket savagely from his
hands. “Mind your own business!” she retorted. “I’ll take it
up myself. Do you think you’re a Russian policeman to boss me in my
own house?”

Angry lines appeared on the countenance of the representative of social

“It is against the rules, madam,” he said, stiffly.

“You should sink into the earth with all your rules and brass
buttons. Ain’t this America? Ain’t this a free country? Can’t I
take up in my own house what I buy with my own money?” cried Hanneh
Breineh, reveling in the opportunity to shower forth the volley of
invectives that had been suppressed in her for the weeks of deadly
dignity of Riverside Drive.

In the midst of this uproar Fanny came in with Mrs. Van Suyden. Hanneh
Breineh rushed over to her, crying:

“This bossy policeman won’t let me take up my basket in the

The daughter, unnerved with shame and confusion, took the basket in
her white-gloved hand and ordered the hall-boy to take it around to the
regular delivery entrance.

Hanneh Breineh was so hurt by her daughter’s apparent defense of
the hall-man’s rules that she utterly ignored Mrs. Van Suyden’s
greeting and walked up the seven flights of stairs out of sheer spite.

“You see the tragedy of my life?” broke out Fanny, turning to
Mrs. Van Suyden.

“You poor child! You go right up to your dear, old lady mother, and
I’ll come some other time.”

Instantly Fanny regretted her words. Mrs. Van Suyden’s pity only
roused her wrath the more against her mother.

Breathless from climbing the stairs, Hanneh Breineh entered the
apartment just as Fanny tore the faultless millinery creation from her
head and threw it on the floor in a rage.

“Mother, you are the ruination of my life! You have driven away
Mrs. Van Suyden, as you have driven away all my best friends. What do
you think we got this apartment for but to get rid of your fish smells
and your brawls with the servants? And here you come with a basket on
your arm as if you just landed from steerage! And this afternoon, of
all times, when Benny is bringing his leading man to tea. When will you
ever stop disgracing us?”

“When I’m dead,” said Hanneh Breineh, grimly. “When the earth
will cover me up, then you’ll be free to go your American way. I’m
not going to make myself over for a lady on Riverside Drive. I hate
you and all your swell friends. I’ll not let myself be choked up here
by you or by that hall-boss policeman that is higher in your eyes than
your own mother.”

“So that’s your thanks for all we’ve done for you?” cried the

“All you’ve done for me!” shouted Hanneh Breineh. “What have
you done for me? You hold me like a dog on a chain! It stands in the
Talmud; some children give their mothers dry bread and water and go to
heaven for it, and some give their mother roast duck and go to Gehenna
because it’s not given with love.”

“You want me to love you yet?” raged the daughter. “You knocked
every bit of love out of me when I was yet a kid. All the memories of
childhood I have is your everlasting cursing and yelling that we were

The bell rang sharply, and Hanneh Breineh flung open the door.

“Your groceries, ma’am,” said the boy.

Hanneh Breineh seized the basket from him, and with a vicious fling
sent it rolling across the room, strewing its contents over the Persian
rugs and inlaid floor. Then seizing her hat and coat, she stormed out
of the apartment and down the stairs.

Mr. and Mrs. Pelz sat crouched and shivering over their meager supper
when the door opened, and Hanneh Breineh in fur coat and plumed hat
charged into the room.

“I come to cry out to you my bitter heart,” she sobbed. “Woe is
me! It is so black for my eyes!”

“What is the matter with you, Hanneh Breineh?” cried Mrs. Pelz in
bewildered alarm.

“I am turned out of my own house by the brass-buttoned policeman that
bosses the elevator. Oi-i-i-i! Weh-h-h-h! What have I from my life? The
whole world rings with my son’s play. Even the President came to see
it, and I, his mother, have not seen it yet. My heart is dying in me
like in a prison,” she went on wailing. “I am starved out for a
piece of real eating. In that swell restaurant is nothing but napkins
and forks and lettuce-leaves. There are a dozen plates to every bite of
food. And it looks so fancy on the plate, but it’s nothing but straw
in the mouth. I’m starving, but I can’t swallow down their American

“Hanneh Breineh,” said Mrs. Pelz, “you are sinning before
God. Look on your fur coat; it alone would feed a whole family for a
year. I never had yet a piece of fur trimming on a coat, and you are in
fur from the neck to the feet. I never had yet a piece of feather on a
hat, and your hat is all feathers.”

“What are you envying me?” protested Hanneh Breineh. “What have
I from all my fine furs and feathers when my children are strangers
to me? All the fur coats in the world can’t warm up the loneliness
inside my heart. All the grandest feathers can’t hide the bitter
shame in my face that my children shame themselves from me.”

Hanneh Breineh suddenly loomed over them like some ancient, heroic
figure of the Bible condemning unrighteousness.

“Why should my children shame themselves from me? From where did they
get the stuff to work themselves up in the world? Did they get it from
the air? How did they get all their smartness to rise over the people
around them? Why don’t the children of born American mothers write
my Benny’s plays? It is I, who never had a chance to be a person,
who gave him the fire in his head. If I would have had a chance to go
to school and learn the language, what couldn’t I have been? It is
I and my mother and my mother’s mother and my father and father’s
father who had such a black life in Poland; it is our choked thoughts
and feelings that are flaming up in my children and making them great
in America. And yet they shame themselves from me!”

For a moment Mr. and Mrs. Pelz were hypnotized by the sweep of her
words. Then Hanneh Breineh sank into a chair in utter exhaustion. She
began to weep bitterly, her body shaking with sobs.

“Woe is me! For what did I suffer and hope on my children? A bitter
old age--my end. I’m so lonely!”

All the dramatic fire seemed to have left her. The spell was
broken. They saw the Hanneh Breineh of old, ever discontented, ever
complaining even in the midst of riches and plenty.

“Hanneh Breineh,” said Mrs. Pelz, “the only trouble with you is
that you got it too good. People will tear the eyes out of your head
because you’re complaining yet. If I only had your fur coat! If I
only had your diamonds! I have nothing. You have everything. You are
living on the fat of the land. You go right back home and thank God
that you don’t have my bitter lot.”

“You got to let me stay here with you,” insisted Hanneh
Breineh. “I’ll not go back to my children except when they bury
me. When they will see my dead face, they will understand how they
killed me.”

Mrs. Pelz glanced nervously at her husband. They barely had enough
covering for their one bed; how could they possibly lodge a visitor?

“I don’t want to take up your bed,” said Hanneh Breineh. “I
don’t care if I have to sleep on the floor or on the chairs, but
I’ll stay here for the night.”

Seeing that she was bent on staying, Mr. Pelz prepared to sleep by
putting a few chairs next to the trunk, and Hanneh Breineh was invited
to share the rickety bed with Mrs. Pelz.

The mattress was full of lumps and hollows. Hanneh Breineh lay cramped
and miserable, unable to stretch out her limbs. For years she had been
accustomed to hair mattresses and ample woolen blankets, so that though
she covered herself with her fur coat, she was too cold to sleep. But
worse than the cold were the creeping things on the wall. And as the
lights were turned low, the mice came through the broken plaster and
raced across the floor. The foul odors of the kitchen-sink added to the
night of horrors.

“Are you going back home?” asked Mrs. Pelz, as Hanneh Breineh put
on her hat and coat the next morning.

“I don’t know where I’m going,” she replied, as she put a bill
into Mrs. Pelz’s hand.

For hours Hanneh Breineh walked through the crowded ghetto streets. She
realized that she no longer could endure the sordid ugliness of her
past, and yet she could not go home to her children. She only felt that
she must go on and on.

In the afternoon a cold, drizzling rain set in. She was worn out from
the sleepless night and hours of tramping. With a piercing pain in her
heart she at last turned back and boarded the subway for Riverside
Drive. She had fled from the marble sepulcher of the Riverside
apartment to her old home in the ghetto; but now she knew that she
could not live there again. She had outgrown her past by the habits of
years of physical comforts, and these material comforts that she could
no longer do without choked and crushed the life within her.

A cold shudder went through Hanneh Breineh as she approached the
apartment-house. Peering through the plate glass of the door she
saw the face of the uniformed hall-man. For a hesitating moment she
remained standing in the drizzling rain, unable to enter, and yet
knowing full well that she would have to enter.

Then suddenly Hanneh Breineh began to laugh. She realized that it was
the first time she had laughed since her children had become rich. But
it was the hard laugh of bitter sorrow. Tears streamed down her
furrowed cheeks as she walked slowly up the granite steps.

“The fat of the land!” muttered Hanneh Breineh, with a choking
sob as the hall-man with immobile face deferentially swung open the
door--“the fat of the land!”


With the suitcase containing all her worldly possessions under
her arm, Sophie Sapinsky elbowed her way through the noisy
ghetto crowds. Pushcart peddlers and pullers-in shouted and
gesticulated. Women with market-baskets pushed and shoved one another,
eyes straining with the one thought--how to get the food a penny
cheaper. With the same strained intentness, Sophie scanned each
tenement, searching for a room cheap enough for her dwindling means.

In a dingy basement window a crooked sign, in straggling, penciled
letters, caught Sophie’s eye: “Room to let, a bargain, cheap.”

The exuberant phrasing was quite in keeping with the extravagant
dilapidation of the surroundings. “This is the very place,” thought
Sophie. “There couldn’t be nothing cheaper in all New York.”

At the foot of the basement steps she knocked.

“Come in!” a voice answered.

As she opened the door she saw an old man bending over a pot of
potatoes on a shoemaker’s bench. A group of children in all degrees
of rags surrounded him, greedily snatching at the potatoes he handed

Sophie paused for an instant, but her absorption in her own problem was
too great to halt the question: “Is there a room to let?”

“Hanneh Breineh, in the back, has a room.” The old man was so
preoccupied filling the hungry hands that he did not even look up.

Sophie groped her way to the rear hall. A gaunt-faced woman answered
her inquiry with loquacious enthusiasm. “A grand room for the
money. I’ll let it down to you only for three dollars a month. In the
whole block is no bigger bargain. I should live so.”

As she talked, the woman led her through the dark hall into an airshaft
room. A narrow window looked out into the bottom of a chimney-like pit,
where lay the accumulated refuse from a score of crowded kitchens.

“Oi weh!” gasped Sophie, throwing open the sash. “No air and no
light. Outside shines the sun and here it’s so dark.”

“It ain’t so dark. It’s only a little shady. Let me only
turn up the gas for you and you’ll quick see everything like with

The claw-fingered flame revealed a rusty, iron cot, an inverted potato
barrel that served for a table, and two soap-boxes for chairs.

Sophie felt of the cot. It sagged and flopped under her touch. “The
bed has only three feet!” she exclaimed in dismay.

“You can’t have Rockefeller’s palace for three dollars a
month,” defended Hanneh Breineh, as she shoved one of the boxes
under the legless corner of the cot. “If the bed ain’t so steady,
so you got good neighbors. Upstairs lives Shprintzeh Gittle, the
herring-woman. You can buy by her the biggest bargains in fish,
a few days older.... What she got left over from the Sabbath, she
sells to the neighbors cheap.... In the front lives Shmendrik, the
shoemaker. I’ll tell you the truth, he ain’t no real shoemaker. He
never yet made a pair of whole shoes in his life. He’s a learner
from the old country--a tzadik, a saint; but every time he sees in
the street a child with torn feet, he calls them in and patches them
up. His own eating, the last bite from his mouth, he divides up with

“Three dollars,” deliberated Sophie, scarcely hearing Hanneh
Breineh’s chatter. “I will never find anything cheaper. It has a
door to lock and I can shut this woman out ... I’ll take it,” she
said, handing her the money.

Hanneh Breineh kissed the greasy bills gloatingly. “I’ll treat you
like a mother! You’ll have it good by me like in your own home.”

“Thanks--but I got no time to shmoos. I got to be alone to get my
work done.”

The rebuff could not penetrate Hanneh Breineh’s joy over the sudden
possession of three dollars.

“Long years on you! May we be to good luck to one another!” was
Hanneh Breineh’s blessing as she closed the door.

Alone in her room--_her_ room, securely hers--yet with the flash of
triumph, a stab of bitterness. All that was hers--so wretched and so
ugly! Had her eager spirit, eager to give and give, no claim to a bit
of beauty--a shred of comfort?

Perhaps her family was right in condemning her rashness. Was it
worth while to give up the peace of home, the security of a regular
job--suffer hunger, loneliness, and want--for what? For something she
knew in her heart was beyond her reach. Would her writing ever amount
to enough to vindicate the uprooting of her past? Would she ever become
articulate enough to express beautifully what she saw and felt? What
had she, after all, but a stifling, sweatshop experience, a meager,
night-school education, and this wild, blind hunger to release the
dumbness that choked her?

Sophie spread her papers on the cot beside her. Resting her elbows on
the potato barrel, she clutched her pencil with tense fingers. In the
notebook before her were a hundred beginnings, essays, abstractions,
outbursts of chaotic moods. She glanced through the titles: “Believe
in Yourself,” “The Quest of the Ideal.”

Meaningless tracings on the paper, her words seemed to her now--a
restless spirit pawing at the air. The intensity of experience,
the surge of emotion that had been hers when she wrote--where were
they? The words had failed to catch the life-beat--had failed to
register the passion she had poured into them.

Perhaps she was not a writer, after all. Had the years and years of
night-study been in vain? Choked with discouragement, the cry broke
from her, “O--God--God help me! I feel--I see, but it all dies in

                   *       *       *       *       *

Tedious days passed into weeks. Again Sophie sat staring into her
notebook. “There’s nothing here that’s alive. Not a word yet says
what’s in me ...

“But it _is_ in me!” With clenched fist she smote her bosom. “It
must be in me! I believe in it! I got to get it out--even if it tears
my flesh in pieces--even if it kills me!...

“But these words--these flat, dead words ...

“Whether I can write or can’t write--I can’t stop writing. I
can’t rest. I can’t breathe. There’s no peace, no running away
for me on earth except in the struggle to give out what’s in me. The
beat from my heart--the blood from my veins--must flow out into my

She returned to her unfinished essay, “Believe in Yourself.” Her
mind groping--clutching at the misty incoherence that clouded her
thoughts--she wrote on.

“These sentences are yet only wood--lead; but I can’t help
it--I’ll push on--on--I’ll not eat--I’ll not sleep--I’ll not
move from this spot till I get it to say on the paper what I got in my

Slowly the dead words seemed to begin to breathe. Her eyes
brightened. Her cheeks flushed. Her very pencil trembled with the eager
onrush of words.

Then a sharp rap sounded on her door. With a gesture of irritation
Sophie put down her pencil and looked into the burning, sunken eyes of
her neighbor, Hanneh Breineh.

“I got yourself a glass of tea, good friend. It ain’t much I got to
give away, but it’s warm even if it’s nothing.”

Sophie scowled. “You mustn’t bother yourself with me. I’m so

“Don’t thank me yet so quick. I got no sugar.” Hanneh Breineh
edged herself into the room confidingly. “At home, in Poland, I not
only had sugar for tea--but even jelly--a jelly that would lift you up
to heaven. I thought in America everything would be so plenty, I could
drink the tea out from my sugar-bowl. But ach! Not in Poland did my
children starve like in America!”

Hanneh Breineh, in a friendly manner, settled herself on the sound end
of the bed, and began her jeremiad.

“Yosef, my man, ain’t no bread-giver. Already he got consumption
the second year. One week he works and nine weeks he lays sick.”

In despair Sophie gathered her papers, wondering how to get the woman
out of her room. She glanced through the page she had written, but
Hanneh Breineh, unconscious of her indifference, went right on.

“How many times it is tearing the heart out from my body--should I
take Yosef’s milk to give to the baby, or the baby’s milk to give
to Yosef? If he was dead the pensions they give to widows would help
feed my children. Now I got only the charities to help me. A black year
on them! They should only have to feed their own children on what they
give me.”

Resolved not to listen to the intruder, Sophie debated within
herself: “Should I call my essay ‘Believe in Yourself,’ or
wouldn’t it be stronger to say, ‘Trust Yourself’? But if I say,
‘Trust Yourself,’ wouldn’t they think that I got the words from

Hanneh Breineh’s voice went on, but it sounded to Sophie like a faint
buzzing from afar. “Gotteniu! How much did it cost me my life to go
and swear myself that my little Fannie--only skin and bones--that she
is already fourteen! How it chokes me the tears every morning when
I got to wake her and push her out to the shop when her eyes are yet
shutting themselves with sleep!”

Sophie glanced at her wrist-watch as it ticked away the precious
minutes. She must get rid of the woman! Had she not left her own
sister, sacrificed all comfort, all association, for solitude and its
golden possibilities? For the first time in her life she had the chance
to be by herself and think. And now, the thoughts which a moment ago
had seemed like a flock of fluttering birds had come so close--and this
woman with her sordid wailing had scattered them.

“I’m a savage, a beast, but I got to ask her to get out--this very
minute,” resolved Sophie. But before she could summon the courage to
do what she wanted to do, there was a timid knock at the door, and the
wizened little Fannie, her face streaked with tears, stumbled in.

“The inspector said it’s a lie. I ain’t yet fourteen,” she

Hanneh Breineh paled. “Woe is me! Sent back from the shop? God
from the world--is there no end to my troubles? Why didn’t you hide
yourself when you saw the inspector come?”

“I was running to hide myself under the table, but she caught me and
she said she’ll take me to the Children’s Society and arrest me and
my mother for sending me to work too soon.”

“Arrest me?” shrieked Hanneh Breineh, beating her breast. “Let
them only come and arrest me! I’ll show America who I am! Let
them only begin themselves with me!... Black is for my eyes ... the
groceryman will not give us another bread till we pay him the bill!”

“The inspector said ...” The child’s brow puckered in an effort
to recall the words.

“What did the inspector said? Gotteniu!” Hanneh Breineh wrung her
hands in passionate entreaty. “Listen only once to my prayer! Send
on the inspector only a quick death! I only wish her to have her own
house with twenty-four rooms and each of the twenty-four rooms should
be twenty-four beds and the chills and the fever should throw her from
one bed to another!”

“Hanneh Breineh, still yourself a little,” entreated Sophie.

“How can I still myself without Fannie’s wages? Bitter is me! Why
do I have to live so long?”

“The inspector said ...”

“What did the inspector said? A thunder should strike the
inspector! Ain’t I as good a mother as other mothers? Wouldn’t I
better send my children to school? But who’ll give us to eat? And
who’ll pay us the rent?”

Hanneh Breineh wiped her red-lidded eyes with the corner of her apron.

“The president from America should only come to my bitter heart. Let
him go fighting himself with the pushcarts how to get the eating
a penny cheaper. Let him try to feed his children on the money the
charities give me and we’d see if he wouldn’t better send his
littlest ones to the shop better than to let them starve before
his eyes. Woe is me! What for did I come to America? What’s my
life--nothing but one terrible, never-stopping fight with the grocer
and the butcher and the landlord ...”

Suddenly Sophie’s resentment for her lost morning was forgotten. The
crying waste of Hanneh Breineh’s life lay open before her eyes
like pictures in a book. She saw her own life in Hanneh Breineh’s
life. Her efforts to write were like Hanneh Breineh’s efforts to feed
her children. Behind her life and Hanneh Breineh’s life she saw the
massed ghosts of thousands upon thousands beating--beating out their
hearts against rock barriers.

“The inspector said ...” Fannie timidly attempted again to

“The inspector!” shrieked Hanneh Breineh, as she seized hold of
Fannie in a rage. “Hellfire should burn the inspector! Tell me again
about the inspector and I’ll choke the life out from you--”

Sophie sprang forward to protect the child from the mother. “She’s
only trying to tell you something.”

“Why should she yet throw salt on my wounds? If there was enough
bread in the house would I need an inspector to tell me to send her to
school? If America is so interested in poor people’s children, then
why don’t they give them to eat till they should go to work? What
learning can come into a child’s head when the stomach is empty?”

A clutter of feet down the creaking cellar steps, a scuffle of broken
shoes, and a chorus of shrill voices, as the younger children rushed in
from school.

“Mamma--what’s to eat?”

“It smells potatoes!”

“Pfui! The pot is empty! It smells over from Cohen’s.”

“Jake grabbed all the bread!”

“Mamma--he kicked the piece out from my hands!”

“Mamma--it’s so empty in my stomach! Ain’t there nothing?”

“Gluttons--wolves--thieves!” Hanneh Breineh shrieked. “I should
only live to bury you all in one day!”

The children, regardless of Hanneh Breineh’s invectives, swarmed
around her like hungry bees, tearing at her apron, her skirt. Their
voices rose in increased clamor, topped only by their mother’s
imprecations. “Gotteniu! Tear me away from these leeches on my
neck! Send on them only a quick death!... Only a minute’s peace
before I die!”

“Hanneh Breineh--children! What’s the matter?” Shmendrik stood at
the door. The sweet quiet of the old man stilled the raucous voices as
the coming of evening stills the noises of the day.

“There’s no end to my troubles! Hear them hollering for bread,
and the grocer stopped to give till the bill is paid. Woe is me! Fannie
sent home by the inspector and not a crumb in the house!”

“I got something.” The old man put his hands over the heads of the
children in silent benediction. “All come in by me. I got sent me a
box of cake.”

“Cake!” The children cried, catching at the kind hands and
snuggling about the shabby coat.

“Yes. Cake and nuts and raisins and even a bottle of wine.”

The children leaped and danced around him in their wild burst of joy.

“Cake and wine--a box--to you? Have the charities gone crazy?”
Hanneh Breineh’s eyes sparkled with light and laughter.

“No--no,” Shmendrik explained hastily. “Not from the charities--from
a friend--for the holidays.”

Shmendrik nodded invitingly to Sophie, who was standing in the door of
her room. “The roomerkeh will also give a taste with us our party?”

“Sure will she!” Hanneh Breineh took Sophie by the arm. “Who’ll
say no in this black life to cake and wine?”

Young throats burst into shrill cries: “Cake and wine--wine and
cake--raisins and nuts--nuts and raisins!” The words rose in a
triumphant chorus. The children leaped and danced in time to their
chant, almost carrying the old man bodily into his room in the wildness
of their joy.

The contagion of this sudden hilarity erased from Sophie’s mind the
last thought of work and she found herself seated with the others on
the cobbler’s bench.

From under his cot the old man drew forth a wooden box. Lifting the
cover he held up before wondering eyes a large frosted cake embedded in
raisins and nuts.

Amid the shouts of glee Shmendrik now waved aloft a large bottle of

The children could contain themselves no longer and dashed forward.

“Shah--shah! Wait only!” He gently halted their onrush and waved
them back to their seats.

“The glasses for the wine!” Hanneh Breineh rushed about hither and
thither in happy confusion. From the sink, the shelf, the window-sill,
she gathered cracked glasses, cups without handles--anything that would
hold even a few drops of the yellow wine.

Sacrificial solemnity filled the basement as the children breathlessly
watched Shmendrik cut the precious cake. Mouths--even eyes--watered
with the intensity of their emotion.

With almost religious fervor Hanneh Breineh poured the grape-juice
into the glasses held in the trembling hands of the children. So
overwhelming was the occasion that none dared to taste till the ritual
was completed. The suspense was agonizing as one and all waited for
Shmendrik’s signal.

“Hanneh Breineh--you drink from my Sabbath wine-glass!”

Hanneh Breineh clinked glasses with Schmendrik. “Long years on
you--long years on us all!” Then she turned to Sophie, clinked
glasses once more. “May you yet marry yourself from our basement to a
millionaire!” Then she lifted the glass to her lips.

The spell was broken. With a yell of triumph the children gobbled the
cake in huge mouthfuls and sucked the golden liquid. All the traditions
of wealth and joy that ever sparkled from the bubbles of champagne
smiled at Hanneh Breineh from her glass of California grape-juice.

“Ach!” she sighed. “How good it is to forget your troubles, and
only those that’s got troubles have the chance to forget them!”

She sipped the grape-juice leisurely, thrilled into ecstacy with each
lingering drop. “How it laughs yet in me, the life, the minute I turn
my head from my worries!”

With growing wonder in her eyes, Sophie watched Hanneh Breineh. This
ragged wreck of a woman--how passionately she clung to every atom of
life! Hungrily, she burned through the depths of every experience. How
she flared against wrongs--and how every tiny spark of pleasure blazed
into joy!

Within a half-hour this woman had touched the whole range of human
emotions, from bitterest agony to dancing joy. The terrible despair
at the onrush of her starving children when she cried out, “O that
I should only bury you all in one day!” And now the leaping light of
the words: “How it laughs yet in me, the life, the minute I turn my
head from my worries.”

“Ach, if I could only write like Hanneh Breineh talks!” thought
Sophie. “Her words dance with a thousand colors. Like a rainbow it
flows from her lips.” Sentences from her own essays marched before
her, stiff and wooden. How clumsy, how unreal, were her most labored
phrases compared to Hanneh Breineh’s spontaneity. Fascinated, she
listened to Hanneh Breineh, drinking her words as a thirst-perishing
man drinks water. Every bubbling phrase filled her with a drunken
rapture to create.

“Up till now I was only trying to write from my head. It wasn’t
real--it wasn’t life. Hanneh Breineh is real. Hanneh Breineh is

“Ach! What do the rich people got but dried-up dollars? Pfui
on them and their money!” Hanneh Breineh held up her glass to be
refilled. “Let me only win a fortune on the lotteree and move myself
in my own bought house. Let me only have my first hundred dollars
in the bank and I’ll lift up my head like a person and tell the
charities to eat their own cornmeal. I’ll get myself an automobile
like the kind rich ladies and ride up to their houses on Fifth Avenue
and feed them only once on the eating they like so good for me and my

With a smile of benediction Shmendrik refilled the glasses and cut for
each of his guests another slice of cake. Then came the handful of nuts
and raisins.

As the children were scurrying about for hammers and iron lasts with
which to crack their nuts, the basement door creaked. Unannounced, a
woman entered--the “friendly visitor” of the charities. Her look of
awful amazement swept the group of merrymakers.

“Mr. Shmendrik!--Hanneh Breineh!” Indignation seethed in her
voice. “What’s this? A feast--a birthday?”

Gasps--bewildered glances--a struggle for utterance!

“I came to make my monthly visit--evidently I’m not needed.”

Shmendrik faced the accusing eyes of the “friendly visitor.”
“Holiday eating ...”

“Oh--I’m glad you’re so prosperous.”

Before any one had gained presence of mind enough to explain things,
the door had clanked. The “friendly visitor” had vanished.

“Pfui!” Hanneh Breineh snatched up her glass and drained its
contents. “What will she do now? Will we get no more dry bread from
the charities because once we ate cake?”

“What for did she come?” asked Sophie.

“To see that we don’t over-eat ourselves!” returned Hanneh
Breineh. “She’s a ‘friendly visitor’! She learns us how to cook
cornmeal. By pictures and lectures she shows us how the poor people
should live without meat, without milk, without butter, and without
eggs. Always it’s on the end of my tongue to ask her, ‘You learned
us to do without so much, why can’t you yet learn us how to eat
without eating?’”

The children seized the last crumbs of cake that Shmendrik handed them
and rushed for the street.

“What a killing look was on her face,” said Sophie. “Couldn’t
she be a little glad for your gladness?”

“Charity ladies--gladness?” The joy of the grape-wine still
rippled in Hanneh Breineh’s laughter. “For poor people is only
cornmeal. Ten cents a day--to feed my children!”

Still in her rollicking mood Hanneh Breineh picked up the baby and
tossed it like a Bacchante. “Could you be happy a lot with ten cents
in your stomach? Ten cents--half a can of condensed milk--then fill
yourself the rest with water!... Maybe yet feed you with all water and
save the ten-cent pieces to buy you a carriage like the Fifth Avenue

The soft sound of a limousine purred through the area grating and two
well-fed figures in seal-skin coats, led by the “friendly visitor,”
appeared at the door.

“Mr. Bernstein, you can see for yourself.” The “friendly
visitor” pointed to the table.

The merry group shrank back. It was as if a gust of icy wind had swept
all the joy and laughter from the basement.

“You are charged with intent to deceive and obtain assistance by
dishonest means,” said Mr. Bernstein.

“Dishonest?” Shmendrik paled.

Sophie’s throat strained with passionate protest, but no words came
to her release.

“A friend--a friend”--stammered Shmendrik--“sent me the holiday

The superintendent of the Social Betterment Society faced him
accusingly. “You told us that you had no friends when you applied to
us for assistance.”

“My friend--he knew me in my better time.” Shmendrik flushed
painfully. “I was once a scholar--respected. I wanted by this one
friend to hold myself like I was.”

Mr. Bernstein had taken from the bookshelf a number of letters, glanced
through them rapidly and handed them one by one to the deferential

Shmendrik clutched at his heart in an agony of humiliation. Suddenly
his bent body straightened. His eyes dilated. “My letters--my
life--you dare?”

“Of course we dare!” The superintendent returned Shmendrik’s
livid gaze, made bold by the confidence that what he was doing was the
only scientific method of administering philanthropy. “These dollars,
so generously given, must go to those most worthy.... I find in these
letters references to gifts of fruit and other luxuries you did not
report at our office.”

“He never kept nothing for himself!” Hanneh Breineh broke in
defensively. “He gave it all for the children.”

Ignoring the interruption Mr. Bernstein turned to the “friendly
visitor.” “I’m glad you brought my attention to this case. It’s
but one of the many impositions on our charity ... Come ...”

“Kossacks! Pogromschiks!” Sophie’s rage broke at last. “You
call yourselves Americans? You dare call yourselves Jews? You bosses of
the poor! This man Shmendrik, whose house you broke into, whom you made
to shame like a beggar--he is the one Jew from whom the Jews can be
proud! He gives all he is--all he has--as God gives. _He is_ charity.

“But you--you are the greed--the shame of the Jews! _All-right-niks_--fat
bellies in fur coats! What do you give from yourselves?
You may eat and bust eating! Nothing you give till you’ve
stuffed yourselves so full that your hearts are dead!”

The door closed in her face. Her wrath fell on indifferent backs as the
visitors mounted the steps to the street.

Shmendrik groped blindly for the Bible. In a low, quavering voice,
he began the chant of the oppressed--the wail of the downtrodden. “I
am afraid, and a trembling taketh hold of my flesh. Wherefore do the
wicked live, become old, yea, mighty in power?”

Hanneh Breineh and the children drew close around the old man. They
were weeping--unconscious of their weeping--deep-buried memories roused
by the music, the age-old music of the Hebrew race.

Through the grating Sophie saw the limousine pass. The chant flowed
on: “Their houses are safe from fear; neither is the rod of God upon

Silently Sophie stole back to her room. She flung herself on the cot,
pressed her fingers to her burning eyeballs. For a long time she lay
rigid, clenched--listening to the drumming of her heart like the sea
against rock barriers. Presently the barriers burst. Something in her
began pouring itself out. She felt for her pencil--paper--and began
to write. Whether she reached out to God or man she knew not, but she
wrote on and on all through that night.

The gray light entering her grated window told her that beyond was
dawn. Sophie looked up: “Ach! At last it writes itself in me!”
she whispered triumphantly. “It’s not me--it’s their cries--my
own people--crying in me! Hanneh Breineh, Shmendrik, they will not be
stilled in me, till all America stops to listen.”


Part I

Every breath I drew was a breath of fear, every shadow a stifling
shock, every footfall struck on my heart like the heavy boot of the

On a low stool in the middle of the only room in our mud hut sat my
father--his red beard falling over the Book of Isaiah open before
him. On the tile stove, on the benches that were our beds, even on the
earthen floor, sat the neighbors’ children, learning from him the
ancient poetry of the Hebrew race.

As he chanted, the children repeated:

    “The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness,
     Prepare ye the way of the Lord.
     Make straight in the desert a highway for our God.

    “Every valley shall be exalted,
     And every mountain and hill shall be made low,
     And the crooked shall be made straight,
     And the rough places plain.

    “And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed,
     And all flesh shall see it together.”

Undisturbed by the swaying and chanting of teacher and pupils, old
Kakah, our speckled hen, with her brood of chicks, strutted and pecked
at the potato-peelings which fell from my mother’s lap, as she
prepared our noon meal.

I stood at the window watching the road, lest the Cossack come upon us
unawares to enforce the ukaz of the Czar, which would tear the bread
from our mouths: “No Chadir [Hebrew school] shall be held in a room
used for cooking and sleeping.”

With one eye I watched ravenously my mother cutting chunks of black
bread. At last the potatoes were ready. She poured them out of the iron
pot into a wooden bowl and placed them in the center of the table.

Instantly the swaying and chanting ceased, the children rushed
forward. The fear of the Cossacks was swept away from my heart by the
fear that the children would get my potato.

The sentry deserted his post. With a shout of joy I seized my portion
and bit a huge mouthful of mealy delight.

At that moment the door was driven open by the blow of an iron
heel. The Cossack’s whip swished through the air. Screaming, we

The children ran out--our livelihood gone with them.

“Oi weh,” wailed my mother, clutching her breast, “is there a God
over us--and sees all this?”

With grief-glazed eyes my father muttered a broken prayer as the
Cossack thundered the ukaz: “A thousand rubles fine or a year in
prison if you are ever found again teaching children where you’re
eating and sleeping.”

“Gottuniu!” pleaded my mother, “would you tear the last skin from
our bones? Where else can we be eating and sleeping? Or should we keep
chadir in the middle of the road? Have we houses with separate rooms
like the Czar?”

Ignoring my mother’s entreaties the Cossack strode out of the hut. My
father sank into a chair, his head bowed in the silent grief of the

“God from the world”--my mother wrung her hands--“is there no end
to our troubles? When will the earth cover me and my woes?”

I watched the Cossack disappear down the road. All at once I saw the
whole village running toward us. I dragged my mother to the window to
see the approaching crowd.

“Gewalt! What more is falling over our heads?” she cried in alarm.

Masheh Mindel, the water-carrier’s wife, headed a wild procession.
The baker, the butcher, the shoemaker, the tailor, the goat-herd,
the workers of the fields, with their wives and children,
pressed toward us through a cloud of dust.

Masheh Mindel, almost fainting, fell in front of the doorway. “A
letter from America!” she gasped.

“A letter from America!” echoed the crowd, as they snatched the
letter from her and thrust it into my father’s hands.

“Read! Read!” they shouted tumultuously.

My father looked through the letter, his lips uttering no sound. In
breathless suspense the crowd gazed at him. Their eyes shone with
wonder and reverence for the only man in the village who could read.

Masheh Mindel crouched at his feet, her neck stretched toward him to
catch each precious word of the letter.

“To my worthy wife, Masheh Mindel, and to my loving son, Susha
Feifel, and to my precious darling daughter, the apple of my eye, the
pride of my life, Tzipkeleh!

“Long years and good luck on you! May the blessings from heaven fall
over your beloved heads and save you from all harm!

“First I come to tell you that I am well and in good health. May I
hear the same from you.

“Secondly, I am telling you that my sun is beginning to shine in
America. I am becoming a person--a business man.

“I have for myself a stand in the most crowded part of America,
where people are as thick as flies and every day is like market-day
by a fair. My business is from bananas and apples. The day begins
with my pushcart full of fruit, and the day never ends before I count
up at least $2.00 profit--that means four rubles. Stand before your
eyes ... I ... Gedalyeh Mindel, four rubles a day, twenty-four rubles
a week!”

                   *       *       *       *       *

“Gedalyeh Mindel, the water-carrier, twenty-four roubles a
week ...” The words leaped like fire in the air.

We gazed at his wife, Masheh Mindel--a dried-out bone of a woman.

“Masheh Mindel, with a husband in America--Masheh Mindel, the wife of
a man earning twenty-four rubles a week!”

We looked at her with new reverence. Already she was a being from
another world. The dead, sunken eyes became alive with light. The worry
for bread that had tightened the skin of her cheek-bones was gone. The
sudden surge of happiness filled out her features, flushing her face as
with wine.

The two starved children clinging to her skirts, dazed with excitement,
only dimly realized their good fortune by the envious glances of the

“Thirdly, I come to tell you,” the letter went on, “white bread
and meat I eat every day just like the millionaires.

“Fourthly, I have to tell you that I am no more Gedalyeh
Mindel--_Mister_ Mindel they call me in America.

“Fifthly, Masheh Mindel and my dear children, in America there are no
mud huts where cows and chickens and people live all together. I have
for myself a separate room with a closed door, and before any one can
come to me, I can give a say, ‘Come in,’ or ‘Stay out,’ like a
king in a palace.

“Lastly, my darling family and people of the Village of Sukovoly,
there is no Czar in America.”

                   *       *       *       *       *

My father paused; the hush was stifling. No Czar--no Czar in
America! Even the little babies repeated the chant: “No Czar in

                   *       *       *       *       *

“In America they ask everybody who should be the President, and I,
Gedalyeh Mindel, when I take out my Citizens papers, will have as much
to say who shall be the next President in America, as Mr. Rockefeller
the greatest millionaire.

“Fifty rubles I am sending you for your ship-ticket to America. And
may all Jews who suffer in Goluth from ukazes and pogroms live yet to
lift up their heads like me, Gedalyeh Mindel, in America.”

                   *       *       *       *       *

Fifty rubles! A ship-ticket to America! That so much good luck should
fall on one head! A savage envy bit me. Gloomy darts from narrowed eyes
stabbed Masheh Mindel.

Why should not we too have a chance to get away from this dark
land? Has not every heart the same hunger for America? The same longing
to live and laugh and breathe like a free human being? America is for
all. Why should only Masheh Mindel and her children have a chance to
the new world?

Murmuring and gesticulating the crowd dispersed.

Each one knew every one else’s thought: How to get to America. What
could they pawn? From where could they borrow for a ship-ticket?

Silently we followed my father back into the hut from which the Cossack
had driven us a while before.

We children looked from mother to father and from father to mother.

“Gottuniu! The Czar himself is pushing us to America by this last
ukaz.” My mother’s face lighted up the hut like a lamp.

“Meshugeneh Yidini!” admonished my father. “Always your head in
the air. What--where--America? With what money? Can dead people lift
themselves up to dance?”

“Dance?” The samovar and the brass pots rang and reëchoed with
my mother’s laughter. “I could dance myself over the waves of the
ocean to America.”

In amazed delight at my mother’s joy we children rippled and chuckled
with her.

My father paced the room--his face dark with dread for the morrow.

“Empty hands--empty pockets--yet it dreams itself in you America.”

“Who is poor who has hopes on America?” flaunted my mother.

“Sell my red quilted petticoat that grandmother left for my dowry,”
I urged in excitement.

“Sell the feather beds, sell the samovar,” chorused the children.

“Sure we can sell everything--the goat and all the winter things,”
added my mother; “it must be always summer in America.”

I flung my arms around my brother and he seized Bessie by the curls,
and we danced about the room crazy with joy.

“Beggars!” laughed my mother, “why are you so happy with
yourselves? How will you go to America without a shirt on your
back--without shoes on your feet?”

But we ran out into the road, shouting and singing: “We’ll sell
everything we got--we’ll go to America.”

“White bread and meat we’ll eat every day--in America! In

That very evening we fetched Berel Zalman, the usurer, and showed him
all our treasures, piled up in the middle of the hut.

“Look, all these fine feather beds, Berel Zalman,” urged my mother;
“this grand fur coat came from Nijny itself. My grandfather bought it
at the fair.”

I held up my red quilted petticoat, the supreme sacrifice of my
ten-year-old life.

Even my father shyly pushed forward the samovar. “It can hold enough
tea for the whole village.”

“Only a hundred rubles for them all,” pleaded my mother; “only
enough to lift us to America. Only one hundred little rubles.”

“A hundred rubles? Pfui!” sniffed the pawnbroker. “Forty is
overpaid. Not even thirty is it worth.”

But coaxing and cajoling my mother got a hundred rubles out of him.

                   *       *       *       *       *

Steerage--dirty bundles--foul odors--seasick humanity--but I saw and
heard nothing of the foulness and ugliness around me. I floated in
showers of sunshine; visions upon visions of the new world opened
before me.

From lips to lips flowed the golden legend of the golden country:

“In America you can say what you feel--you can voice your thoughts in
the open streets without fear of a Cossack.”

“In America is a home for everybody. The land is your land. Not like
in Russia where you feel yourself a stranger in the village where you
were born and raised--the village in which your father and grandfather
lie buried.”

“Everybody is with everybody alike, in America. Christians and Jews
are brothers together.”

“An end to the worry for bread. An end to the fear of the bosses over
you. Everybody can do what he wants with his life in America.”

“There are no high or low in America. Even the President holds hands
with Gedalyeh Mindel.”

“Plenty for all. Learning flows free like milk and honey.”

                   *       *       *       *       *

“Learning flows free.”

The words painted pictures in my mind. I saw before me free schools,
free colleges, free libraries, where I could learn and learn and keep
on learning.

In our village was a school, but only for Christian children. In the
schools of America I’d lift up my head and laugh and dance--a child
with other children. Like a bird in the air, from sky to sky, from star
to star, I’d soar and soar.

“Land! Land!” came the joyous shout.

“America! We’re in America!” cried my mother, almost smothering
us in her rapture.

All crowded and pushed on deck. They strained and stretched to get the
first glimpse of the “golden country,” lifting their children on
their shoulders that they might see beyond them.

Men fell on their knees to pray. Women hugged their babies and
wept. Children danced. Strangers embraced and kissed like old
friends. Old men and women had in their eyes a look of young people
in love.

Age-old visions sang themselves in me--songs of freedom of an oppressed


Part II

Between buildings that loomed like mountains, we struggled with our
bundles, spreading around us the smell of the steerage. Up Broadway,
under the bridge, and through the swarming streets of the ghetto, we
followed Gedalyeh Mindel.

I looked about the narrow streets of squeezed-in stores and houses,
ragged clothes, dirty bedding oozing out of the windows, ash-cans and
garbage-cans cluttering the side-walks. A vague sadness pressed down my
heart--the first doubt of America.

“Where are the green fields and open spaces in America?” cried my
heart. “Where is the golden country of my dreams?”

A loneliness for the fragrant silence of the woods that lay beyond our
mud hut welled up in my heart, a longing for the soft, responsive earth
of our village streets. All about me was the hardness of brick and
stone, the stinking smells of crowded poverty.

“Here’s your house with separate rooms like in a palace.”
Gedalyeh Mindel flung open the door of a dingy, airless flat.

“Oi weh!” my mother cried in dismay. “Where’s the sunshine in

She went to the window and looked out at the blank wall of the next
house. “Gottuniu! Like in a grave so dark ...”

“It ain’t so dark, it’s only a little shady.” Gedalyeh Mindel
lighted the gas. “Look only”--he pointed with pride to the dim
gaslight. “No candles, no kerosene lamps in America, you turn on a
screw and put to it a match and you got it light like with sunshine.”

Again the shadow fell over me, again the doubt of America!

In America were rooms without sunlight, rooms to sleep in, to eat in,
to cook in, but without sunshine. And Gedalyeh Mindel was happy. Could
I be satisfied with just a place to sleep and eat in, and a door to
shut people out--to take the place of sunlight? Or would I always need
the sunlight to be happy?

And where was there a place in America for me to play? I looked out
into the alley below and saw pale-faced children scrambling in the
gutter. “Where is America?” cried my heart.

                   *       *       *       *       *

My eyes were shutting themselves with sleep. Blindly, I felt for the
buttons on my dress, and buttoning I sank back in sleep again--the
deadweight sleep of utter exhaustion.

“Heart of mine!” my mother’s voice moaned above me. “Father is
already gone an hour. You know how they’ll squeeze from you a nickel
for every minute you’re late. Quick only!”

I seized my bread and herring and tumbled down the stairs and out
into the street. I ate running, blindly pressing through the hurrying
throngs of workers--my haste and fear choking each mouthful.

I felt a strangling in my throat as I neared the sweatshop prison;
all my nerves screwed together into iron hardness to endure the day’s

For an instant I hesitated as I faced the grated window of the old
dilapidated building--dirt and decay cried out from every crumbling

In the maw of the shop, raging around me the roar and the clatter,
the clatter and the roar, the merciless grind of the pounding
machines. Half maddened, half deadened, I struggled to think, to feel,
to remember--what am I--who am I--why was I here?

I struggled in vain--bewildered and lost in a whirlpool of noise.

“America--America--where was America?” it cried in my heart.

The factory whistle--the slowing-down of the machines--the shout of
release hailing the noon hour.

I woke as from a tense nightmare--a weary waking to pain.

In the dark chaos of my brain reason began to dawn. In my stifled
heart feelings began to pulse. The wound of my wasted life began to
throb and ache. My childhood choked with drudgery--must my youth too

The odor of herring and garlic--the ravenous munching of food--laughter
and loud, vulgar jokes. Was it only I who was so wretched? I looked
at those around me. Were they happy or only insensible to their
slavery? How could they laugh and joke? Why were they not torn with
rebellion against this galling grind--the crushing, deadening movements
of the body, where only hands live and hearts and brains must die?

A touch on my shoulder. I looked up. It was Yetta Solomon from the
machine next to mine.

“Here’s your tea.”

I stared at her, half hearing.

“Ain’t you going to eat nothing?”

“Oi weh! Yetta! I can’t stand it!” The cry broke from me. “I
didn’t come to America to turn into a machine. I came to America to
make from myself a person. Does America want only my hands--only the
strength of my body--not my heart--not my feelings--my thoughts?”

“Our heads ain’t smart enough,” said Yetta, practically. “We
ain’t been to school like the American-born.”

“What for did I come to America but to go to school--to learn--to
think--to make something beautiful from my life ...”

“Sh-sh! Sh-sh! The boss--the boss!” came the warning whisper.

A sudden hush fell over the shop as the boss entered. He raised his

Breathless silence.

The hard, red face with pig’s eyes held us under its sickening
spell. Again I saw the Cossack and heard him thunder the ukaz.

Prepared for disaster, the girls paled as they cast at each other
sidelong, frightened glances.

“Hands,” he addressed us, fingering the gold watch-chain that
spread across his fat belly, “it’s slack in the other trades and I
can get plenty girls begging themselves to work for half what you’re
getting--only I ain’t a skinner. I always give my hands a show to
earn their bread. From now on, I’ll give you fifty cents a dozen
shirts instead of seventy-five, but I’ll give you night-work, so you
needn’t lose nothing.” And he was gone.

The stillness of death filled the shop. Each one felt the heart of the
other bleed with her own helplessness.

A sudden sound broke the silence. A woman sobbed chokingly. It was
Balah Rifkin, a widow with three children.

“Oi weh!” She tore at her scrawny neck. “The blood-sucker--the
thief! How will I give them to eat--my babies--my babies--my hungry
little lambs!”

“Why do we let him choke us?”

“Twenty-five cents less on a dozen--how will we be able to live?”

“He tears the last skin from our bones!”

“Why didn’t nobody speak up to him?”

“Tell him he couldn’t crush us down to worse than we had in

“Can we help ourselves? Our life lies in his hands.”

Something in me forced me forward. Rage at the bitter greed tore
me. Our desperate helplessness drove me to strength.

“I’ll go to the boss!” I cried, my nerves quivering with fierce
excitement. “I’ll tell him Balah Rifkin has three hungry mouths
to feed.”

Pale, hungry faces thrust themselves toward me, thin, knotted hands
reached out, starved bodies pressed close about me.

“Long years on you!” cried Balah Rifkin, drying her eyes with a
corner of her shawl.

“Tell him about my old father and me, his only bread-giver,” came
from Bessie Sopolsky, a gaunt-faced girl with a hacking cough.

“And I got no father or mother and four of them younger than me
hanging on my neck.” Jennie Feist’s beautiful young face was
already scarred with the gray worries of age.

America, as the oppressed of all lands have dreamed America to be, and
America _as it is_, flashed before me--a banner of fire! Behind me I
felt masses pressing--thousands of immigrants--thousands upon thousands
crushed by injustice, lifted me as on wings.

I entered the boss’s office without a shadow of fear. I was not
I--the wrongs of my people burned through me till I felt the very flesh
of my body a living flame of rebellion.

I faced the boss.

“We can’t stand it!” I cried. “Even as it is we’re hungry.
Fifty cents a dozen would starve us. Can you, a Jew, tear the
bread from another Jew’s mouth?”

“You, fresh mouth, you! Who are you to learn me my business?”

“Weren’t you yourself once a machine slave--your life in the hands
of your boss?”

“You--loaferin--money for nothing you want! The minute they begin
to talk English they get flies in their nose.... A black year on
you--trouble-maker! I’ll have no smart heads in my shop! Such
freshness! Out you get ... out from my shop!”

Stunned and hopeless, the wings of my courage broken, I groped my way
back to them--back to the eager, waiting faces--back to the crushed
hearts aching with mine.

As I opened the door they read our defeat in my face.

“Girls!” I held out my hands. “He’s fired me.”

My voice died in the silence. Not a girl stirred. Their heads only bent
closer over their machines.

“Here, you! Get yourself out of here!” The boss thundered at
me. “Bessie Sopolsky and you, Balah Rifkin, take out her machine into
the hall.... I want no big-mouthed Americanerins in my shop.”

Bessie Sopolsky and Balah Rifkin, their eyes black with tragedy,
carried out my machine.

Not a hand was held out to me, not a face met mine. I felt them shrink
from me as I passed them on my way out.

In the street I found I was crying. The new hope that had flowed
in me so strong bled out of my veins. A moment before, our
togetherness had made me believe us so strong--and now I saw each
alone--crushed--broken. What were they all but crawling worms, servile
grubbers for bread?

I wept not so much because the girls had deserted me, but because I saw
for the first time how mean, how vile, were the creatures with whom I
had to work. How the fear for bread had dehumanized their last shred
of humanity! I felt I had not been working among human beings, but in a
jungle of savages who had to eat one another alive in order to survive.

And then, in the very bitterness of my resentment, the hardness broke
in me. I saw the girls through their own eyes as if I were inside of
them. What else could they have done? Was not an immediate crust of
bread for Balah Rifkin’s children more urgent than truth--more vital
than honor?

Could it be that they ever had dreamed of America as I had dreamed? Had
their faith in America wholly died in them? Could my faith be killed as
theirs had been?

Gasping from running, Yetta Solomon flung her arms around me.

“You golden heart! I sneaked myself out from the shop--only to tell
you I’ll come to see you to-night. I’d give the blood from under
my nails for you--only I got to run back--I got to hold my job--my

I hardly saw or heard her--my senses stunned with my defeat. I walked
on in a blind daze--feeling that any moment I would drop in the middle
of the street from sheer exhaustion.

Every hope I had clung to--every human stay--every reality was torn
from under me. I sank in bottomless blackness. I had only one wish
left--to die.

Was it then only a dream--a mirage of the hungry-hearted people in the
desert lands of oppression--this age-old faith in America--the beloved,
the prayed-for “golden country”?

Had the starved villagers of Sukovoly lifted above their sorrows a mere
rainbow vision that led them--where--where? To the stifling submission
of the sweatshop or the desperation of the streets!

“O God! What is there beyond this hell?” my soul cried in
me. “Why can’t I make a quick end to myself?”

A thousand voices within me and about me answered:

“My faith is dead, but in my blood their faith still clamors and
aches for fulfillment--_dead generations whose faith though beaten back
still presses on--a resistless, deathless force!_

“In this America that crushes and kills me, their spirit drives me
on--to struggle--to suffer--but never to submit.”

In my desperate darkness their lost lives loomed--a living flame of
light. Again I saw the mob of dusty villagers crowding around my father
as he read the letter from America--their eager faces thrust out--their
eyes blazing with the same hope, the same age-old faith that drove
me on--

A sudden crash against my back. Dizzy with pain I fell--then all was
darkness and quiet.

                   *       *       *       *       *

I opened my eyes. A white-clad figure bent over me. Had I died? Was I
in the heaven of the new world--in America?

My eyes closed again. A misty happiness filled my being.

“Learning flows free like milk and honey,” it dreamed itself in me.

I was in my heaven--in the schools of America--in open, sunny fields--a
child with other children. Our lesson-books were singing birds and
whispering trees--chanting brooks and beckoning skies. We breathed in
learning and wisdom as naturally as flowers breathe in sunlight.

After our lessons were over, we all joined hands skipping about like a
picture of dancing fairies I had once seen in a shop-window.

I was so full of the joy of togetherness--the great wonder of the new
world; it pressed on my heart like sorrow. Slowly, I stole away from
the other children into silent solitude, wrestling and praying to give
out what surged in me into some form of beauty. And out of my struggle
to shape my thoughts beautifully, a great song filled the world.

“Soon she’s all right to come back to the shop--yes, nurse?” The
voice of Yetta Solomon broke into my dreaming.

Wearily I opened my eyes. I saw I was still on earth.

Yetta’s broad, generous face smiled anxiously at me. “Lucky yet the
car that run you over didn’t break your hands or your feet. So long
you got yet good hands you’ll soon be back by the machine.”

“Machine?” I shuddered. “I can’t go back to the shop again. I
got so used to sunlight and quiet in the hospital I’ll not be able to
stand the hell again.”

“Shah!--Shah!” soothed Yetta. “Why don’t you learn yourself
to take life like it is? What’s got to be, got to be. In Russia, you
could hope to run away from your troubles to America. But from America
where can you go?”

“Yes,” I sighed. “In the blackest days of Russia, there was
always the hope from America. In Russia we had only a mud hut; not
enough to eat and always the fear from the Cossack, but still we
managed to look up to the sky, to dream, to think of the new world
where we’ll have a chance to be people, not slaves.”

“What’s the use to think so much? It only eats up the flesh from
your bones. Better rest ...”

“How can I rest when my choked-in thoughts tear me to pieces? I need
school more than a starving man needs bread.”

Yetta’s eyes brooded over me. Suddenly a light broke. “I got an
idea. There’s a new school for greenhorns where they learn them
anything they want ...”

“What--where?” I raised myself quickly, hot with eagerness. “How
do you know from it--tell me only--quick--since when--”

“The girl next door by my house--she used to work by cigars--and now
she learns there.”

“What does she learn?”

“Don’t get yourself so excited. Your eyes are jumping out from your

I fell back weakly: “Oi weh! Tell me!” I begged.

“All I know is that she likes what she learns better than rolling
cigars. And it’s called ‘School for Immigrant Girls.’”

“Your time is up. Another visitor is waiting to come in,” said the

As Yetta walked out, my mother, with the shawl over her head, rushed in
and fell on my bed kissing me.

“Oi weh! Oi weh! Half my life is out from me from fright. How did all

“Don’t worry yourself so. I’m nearly well already and will go
back to work soon.”

“Talk not work. Get only a little flesh on your bones. They say they
send from the hospital people to the country. Maybe they’ll send

“But how will you live without my wages?”

“Davy is already peddling with papers and Bessie is selling
lolly-pops after school in the park. Yesterday she brought home already
twenty-eight cents.”

For all her efforts to be cheerful, I looked at her pinched face and
wondered if she had eaten that day.

Released from the hospital, I started home. As I neared Allen Street,
the terror of the dark rooms swept over me. “No--no--I can’t
yet go back to the darkness and the stinking smells,” I said to
myself. “So long they’re getting along without my wages, let
them think I went to the country and let me try out that school for
immigrants that Yetta told me about.”

So I went to the Immigrant School.

A tall, gracious woman received me, not an employee, but a

The love that had rushed from my heart toward the Statue in the
Bay, rushed out to Mrs. Olney. She seemed to me the living spirit of
America. All that I had ever dreamed America to be shone to me out of
the kindness of her brown eyes. She would save me from the sordidness
that was crushing me I felt the moment I looked at her. Sympathy and
understanding seemed to breathe from her serene presence.

I longed to open my heart to her, but I was so excited I didn’t know
where to begin.

“I’m crazy to learn!” I gasped breathlessly, and then the very
pressure of the things I had to say choked me.

An encouraging smile warmed the fine features.

“What trade would you like to learn--sewing-machine operating?”

“Sewing-machine operating?” I cried. “Oi weh!” I shuddered.
“Only the thought ‘machine’ kills me. Even when I only look
on clothes, it weeps in me when I think how the seams from
everything people wear is sweated in the shop.”

“Well, then”--putting a kind hand on my shoulder--“how would you
like to learn to cook? There’s a great need for trained servants and
you’d get good wages and a pleasant home.”

“Me--a servant?” I flung back her hand. “Did I come to America to
make from myself a cook?”

Mrs. Olney stood abashed a moment. “Well, my dear,” she said
deliberately, “what would you like to take up?”

“I got ideas how to make America better, only I don’t know how to
say it out. Ain’t there a place I can learn?”

A startled woman stared at me. For a moment not a word came. Then she
proceeded with the same kind smile. “It’s nice of you to want to
help America, but I think the best way would be for you to learn a
trade. That’s what this school is for, to help girls find themselves,
and the best way to do is to learn something useful.”

“Ain’t thoughts useful? Does America want only the work from my
body, my hands? Ain’t it thoughts that turn over the world?”

“Ah! But we don’t want to turn over the world.” Her voice cooled.

“But there’s got to be a change in America!” I cried. “Us
immigrants want to be people--not ‘hands’--not slaves of the
belly! And it’s the chance to think out thoughts that makes

“My child, thought requires leisure. The time will come for
that. First you must learn to earn a good living.”

“Did I come to America for a living?”

“What did you come for?”

“I came to give out all the fine things that was choked in me in
Russia. I came to help America make the new world.... They said, in
America I could open up my heart and fly free in the air--to sing--to
dance--to live--to love.... Here I got all those grand things in me,
and America won’t let me give nothing.”

“Perhaps you made a mistake in coming to this country. Your own land
might appreciate you more.” A quick glance took me in from head to
foot. “I’m afraid that you have come to the wrong place. We only
teach trades here.”

She turned to her papers and spoke over her shoulder. “I think you
will have to go elsewhere if you want to set the world on fire.”

Part III

Blind passion swayed me as I walked out of the Immigrant School,
not knowing where I was going, not caring. One moment I was swept
with the fury of indignation, the next moment bent under the burden
of despair. But out of this surging conflict one thought--one truth
gradually grew clearer and clearer to me: Without comprehension, the
immigrant would forever remain shut out--a stranger in America. Until
America can release the heart as well as train the hand of the
immigrant, he would forever remain driven back upon himself, corroded
by the very richness of the unused gifts within his soul.

I longed for a friend--a real American friend--some one different from
Mrs. Olney, some one who would understand this vague, blind hunger for
release that consumed me. But how, where could I find such a friend?

As I neared the house we lived in, I paused terror-stricken. On the
sidewalk stood a jumbled pile of ragged house-furnishings that looked
familiar--chairs, dishes, kitchen pans. Amidst bundles of bedding and
broken furniture stood my mother. Oblivious of the curious crowd, she
lit the Sabbath candles and prayed over them.

In a flash I understood it all. Because of the loss of my wages while
I was in the hospital, we had been evicted for unpaid rent. It was
Sabbath eve. My father was in the synagogue praying and my mother,
defiant of disgrace, had gone on with the ceremony of the Sabbath.

All the romance of our race was in the light of those Sabbath
candles. Homeless, abandoned by God and man, yet in the very desolation
of the streets my mother’s faith burned--a challenge to all America.

“Mammeh!” I cried, pushing through the crowd. Bessie and Dave
darted forward. In a moment the four of us stood clinging to one
another, amid the ruins of our broken home.

                   *       *       *       *       *

A neighbor invited us into her house for supper. No sooner had
we sat down at the table than there was a knock at the door and a
square-figured young woman entered, asking to see my mother.

“I am from the Social Betterment Society,” she said. “I hear
you’ve been dispossessed. What’s the trouble here?”

“Oi weh! My bitter heart!” I yet see before me the anguish of my
mother’s face as she turned her head away from the charity lady.

My father’s eyes sank to the floor. I could feel him shrink in upon
himself like one condemned.

The bite of food turned to gall in my throat.

“How long have you been in America? Where were you born?” She
questioned by rote, taking out pad and pencil.

The silence of the room was terrible. The woman who had invited us for
supper slunk into the bedroom, unable to bear our shame.

“How long have you been in America?” repeated the charity lady.

Choked silence.

“Is there any one here who can speak?” She translated her question
into Yiddish.

“A black year on Gedalyeh Mindel, the liar!” my mother burst out
at last. “Why did we leave our home? We were among our own. We were
people there. But what are we here? Nobodies--nobodies! Cats and dogs
at home ain’t thrown in the street. Such things could only happen in
America--the land without a heart--the land without a God!”

“For goodness’ sakes! Is there any one here intelligent enough to
answer a straight question?” The charity lady turned with disgusted
impatience from my mother to me. “Can you tell me how long you have
been in this country? Where were you born?”

“None of your business!” I struck out blindly, not aware of what I
was saying.

“Why so bold? We are only trying to help you and you are so

“To the Devil with your help! I’m sick no longer. I can take care
of my mother--without your charity!”

The next day I went back to the shop--to the same long hours--to
the same low wages--to the same pig-eyed, fat-bellied boss. But I
was no longer the same. For the first time in my life I bent to the
inevitable. I accepted my defeat. But something in me, stronger than I,
rose triumphant even in my surrender.

“Yes, I must submit to the shop,” I thought. “But the shop shall
not crush me. Only my body I must sell into slavery--not my heart--not
my soul.

“To any one who sees me from without, I am only a dirt-eating worm,
a grub in the ground, but I know that above this dark earth-place in
which I am sunk is the green grass--and beyond the green grass, the sun
and sky. Alone, unaided, I must dig my way up to the light!”

                   *       *       *       *       *

Lunch-hour at the factory. My book of Shelley’s poems before me and
I was soon millions of miles beyond the raucous voices of the hungry

“Did you already hear the last news?” Yetta tore my book from me in
her excitement.

“What news?” I scowled at her for waking me from my dreams.

“We’re going to have electricity by the machines. And the
forelady says that the new boss will give us ten cents more on a dozen

“God from the world! How did it happen--electricity--better pay?”
I asked in amazement. For that was the first I had heard of improved
conditions of work.

But little by little, step by step, the sanitation improved. Open
windows, swept floors, clean wash-rooms, individual drinking-cups
introduced a new era of factory hygiene. Our shop was caught up in the
general movement for social betterment that stirred the country.

It was not all done in a day. Weary years of struggle passed before the
workers emerged from the each-for-himself existence into an organized
togetherness for mutual improvement.

At last, with the shortened hours of work, I had enough vitality
left at the end of the day to join the night-school. Again my
dream flamed. Again America beckoned. In the school there would be
education--air, life for my cramped-in spirit. I would learn to form
the thoughts that surged formless in me. I would find the teacher that
would make me articulate.

Shelley was English literature.

So I joined the literature class. The course began with the “De
Coverley Papers.” Filled with insatiate thirst, I drank in every line
with the feeling that any minute I would get to the fountain-heart of

Night after night I read with tireless devotion. But of what? The
manners and customs of the eighteenth century, of people two hundred
years dead.

One evening after a month’s attendance, when the class had dwindled
from fifty to four and the teacher began scolding us who were left for
those who were absent, my bitterness broke.

“Do you know why all the girls are dropping away from the
class? It’s because they have too much sense to waste themselves
on the ‘De Coverley Papers.’ Us four girls are four fools. We
could learn more in the streets. It’s dirty and wrong, but it’s
life. What are the ‘De Coverley Papers’? Dry dust fit for the ash

“Perhaps you had better tell the board of education your ideas of the
standard classics,” she scoffed, white with rage.

“Classics? If all the classics are as dead as the ‘De Coverley
Papers,’ I’d rather read the ads in the papers. How can I learn
from this old man that’s dead two hundred years how to live my

That was the first of many schools I had tried. And they were all the
same. A dull course of study and the lifeless, tired teachers--no
more interested in their pupils than in the wooden benches before
them--chilled all my faith in the American schools.

More and more the all-consuming need for a friend possessed me. In the
street, in the cars, in the subways, I was always seeking, ceaselessly
seeking, for eyes, a face, the flash of a smile that would be light in
my darkness.

I felt sometimes that I was only burning out my heart for a shadow,
an echo, a wild dream. But I couldn’t help it. Nothing was real to me
but my hope of finding a friend.

One day my sister Bessie came home much excited over her new
high-school teacher. “Miss Latham makes it so interesting!” she
exclaimed. “She stops in the middle of the lesson and tells us
things. She ain’t like a teacher. She’s like a real person.”

At supper next evening, Bessie related more wonder stories of
her beloved teacher. “She’s so different! She’s friends with
us.... To-day, when she gave us out our composition, Mamie Cohen asked
from what book we should read up and she said, ‘Just take it out of
your heart and say it.’”

“Just take it out of your heart and say it.” The simple words
lingered in my mind, stirring a whirl of hidden thoughts and
feelings. It seemed as if they had been said directly to me.

A few days later Bessie ran in from school, her cheeks flushed, her
eyes dancing with excitement. “Give a look at the new poem teacher
gave me to learn!” It was a quotation from Kipling:

    “Then only the Master shall praise us,
     And only the Master shall blame,
     And no one shall work for money,
     And no one shall work for fame;
     But each for the joy of the working,
     And each in his separate Star,
     Shall draw the thing as he sees it
     For the God of things as they are.”

Only a few brief lines, but in their music the pulses of my being
leaped into life. And so it was from day to day. Miss Latham’s
sayings kept turning themselves in my mind like a lingering melody that
could not be shaken off. Something irresistible seemed to draw me to
her. She beckoned to me almost as strongly as America had on the way
over in the boat.

I wondered, “Should I go to see her and talk myself out from my heart
to her?

“Meshugeneh! Where--what? How come you to her? What will you say for
your reason?

“What’s the difference what I’ll say! I only want to give a look
on her ...”

And so I kept on restlessly debating. Should I follow my heart and go
to her, or should I have a little sense?

Finally the desire to see her became so strong that I could no longer
reason about it. I left the factory in the middle of the day to seek
her out.

All the way to her school I prayed: “God--God! If I could only find
one human soul that cared ...”

I found her bending over her desk. Her hair was gray, but she did not
look tired like the other teachers. She was correcting papers and was
absorbed in her task. I watched her, not daring to interrupt. Presently
she threw back her head and gave a little laugh.

Then she saw me. “Why, how do you do?” She rose. “Come and sit

I felt she was as glad to see me as though she had expected me.

“I feel you can help me,” I groped toward her.

“I hope I can.” She grasped my outstretched hands and led me to a
chair which seemed to be waiting for me.

A strange gladness filled me.

“Bessie showed me the poem you told her to learn ...” I paused

“Yes?” Her friendly eyes urged me to speak.

“From what Bessie told me I felt I could talk myself out to you
what’s bothering me.” I stopped again.

She leaned forward with an inviting interest. “Go on! Tell me all.”

“I’m an immigrant many years already here, but I’m still
seeking America. My dream America is more far from me than it was
in the old country. Always something comes between the immigrant
and the American,” I went on blindly. “They see only his skin,
his outside--not what’s in his heart. They don’t care if he has a
heart.... I wanted to find some one that would look on me--myself ... I
thought you’d know yourself on a person first off.”

Abashed at my boldness I lowered my eyes to the floor.

“Do go on ... I want to hear.”

With renewed courage I continued my confessional.

“Life is too big for me. I’m lost in this each-for-himself world. I
feel shut out from everything that’s going on.... I’m always
fighting--fighting--with myself and everything around me.... I hate
when I want to love and I make people hate me when I want to make them
love me.”

She gave me a quick nod. “I know--I know what you mean. Go on.”

“I don’t know what is with me the matter. I’m so choked....
Sundays and holidays when the other girls go out to enjoy
themselves, I walk around by myself--thinking--thinking.... My thoughts
tear in me and I can’t tell them to no one! I want to do something
with my life and I don’t know what.”

“I’m glad you came,” she said. And after a pause, “You can help

“Help you?” I cried. It was the first time that an American
suggested that I could help her.

“Yes, indeed! I have always wanted to know more of that mysterious
vibrant life--the immigrant. You can help me know my girls.”

The repression of centuries seemed to rush out of my heart. I told
her everything--of the mud hut in Sukovoly where I was born, of the
Czar’s pogroms, of the constant fear of the Cossack, of Gedalyeh
Mindel’s letter and of our hopes in coming to America.

After I had talked myself out, I felt suddenly ashamed for having
exposed so much, and I cried out to her: “Do you think like the
others that I’m all wrapped up in self?”

For some minutes she studied me, and her serenity seemed to project
itself into me. And then she said, as if she too were groping,
“No--no--but too intense.”

“I hate to be so all the time intense. But how can I help
it? Everything always drives me back in myself. How can I get myself
out into the free air?”

“Don’t fight yourself.” Her calm, gray eyes penetrated to the
very soul in me. “You are burning up too much vitality....

“You know some of us,” she went on--“not many, unfortunately--have
a sort of divine fire which if it does not find expression
turns into smoke. This egoism and self-centeredness which
troubles you is only the smoke of repression.”

She put her hand over mine. “You have had no one to talk to--no one
to share your thoughts.”

I marveled at the simplicity with which she explained me to myself. I
couldn’t speak. I just looked at her.

“But now,” she said, gently, “you have some one. Come to me
whenever you wish.”

“I have a friend,” it sang itself in me. “I have a friend.”

“And you are a born American?” I asked. There was none of that
sure, all-right look of the Americans about her.

“Yes, indeed! My mother, like so many mothers,”--and her eyebrows
lifted humorously whimsical,--“claims we’re descendants of the
Pilgrim fathers. And that one of our lineal ancestors came over in the

“For all your mother’s pride in the Pilgrim fathers, you yourself
are as plain from the heart as an immigrant.”

“Weren’t the Pilgrim fathers immigrants two hundred years ago?”

She took from her desk a book called “Our America,” by Waldo Frank,
and read to me: “We go forth all to seek America. And in the seeking
we create her. In the quality of our search shall be the nature of the
America that we create.”

“Ach, friend! Your words are life to me! You make it light for my

She opened her arms to me and breathlessly I felt myself drawn to
her. Bonds seemed to burst. A suffusion of light filled my being. Great
choirings lifted me in space.

I walked out unseeingly.

All the way home the words she read flamed before me: “We go forth
all to seek America. And in the seeking we create her. In the quality
of our search shall be the nature of the America that we create.”

So all those lonely years of seeking and praying were not in vain! How
glad I was that I had not stopped at the husk--a good job--a good
living--but pressed on, through the barriers of materialism.

Through my inarticulate groping and reaching-out I had found the
soul--the spirit--of America!


  [ Transcriber’s Note:

    The following changes have been made to the original text. The first
    line presents the text as printed in the original, the second the
    amended text.

  “Ci-i! You really like it, the room?” Shenah Pessah clapped her
  “Oi-i! You really like it, the room?” Shenah Pessah clapped her

   Make straight in the desert a highway for our God
   Make straight in the desert a highway for our God.


*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Hungry Hearts" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.