By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: Camp Fire Yarns of the Lost Legion
Author: Hamilton-Browne, G.
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Camp Fire Yarns of the Lost Legion" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.



[Illustration: T. F. KYNNERSLEY, ESQ., OF LEIGHTON, SALOP, D.L., J.P.,





  Late Commandant in Colonial Forces

  Author of
  "With the Lost Legion in New Zealand"
  "A Lost Legionary in South Africa"


  DURING 1877-78-79




In introducing these yarns let me state that now I am laid up on the
shelf my thoughts go back to those days and nights of the veld and
bush, and I frequently feel I would give all the rest of the map if I
could again find myself on the open lands of the frontier with a good
horse between my knees and a few score of the old boys behind me. Now
I hold pen instead of carbine and revolver, but why should memories of
the old days pass away? Let me fancy I sit by the camp fire again,
telling yarns as we used to under the dark blue skies and blazing
stars of South Africa.

Let me spin you some yarns of the Lost Legion.



  CHAPTER                                                           PAGE
     I. THE MAORI AS I KNEW HIM                                        1


   III. HOW A SCOUT WON THE NEW ZEALAND CROSS                         73

    IV. A HAU HAU MARTYR                                              84

     V. A BRUSH WITH BUSHRANGERS                                      92

    VI. THE SCOUT THAT FAILED                                        106

   VII. SOME MIRACULOUS ESCAPES I HAVE KNOWN                         125

  VIII. A TOUGH SWIM IN BAD COMPANY                                  137

    IX. HELD UP BY A BUSHRANGER                                      146

     X. ON THE SCOUT IN NEW ZEALAND                                  150

    XI. THE COLONEL'S FIERY TOT                                      161

   XII. LOST IN THE NEW ZEALAND BUSH                                 164


   XIV. A GRUESOME FLUTE                                             182

    XV. THE DOCTOR AND THE SENTRY                                    187


  XVII. A SOUTH SEA BUBBLE                                           202


     I. THE DÉBUT OF THE LOST LEGION IN NATAL                        215

    II. A QUEER CARD                                                 232

   III. A CONVERSION THAT FAILED                                     257

    IV. JACK ASHORE IN 1871                                          265

     V. THE CONVERSION OF MIKE O'LEARY                               275

    VI. BUSHED                                                       283

   VII. THE NON-COM.'S REVENGE                                       293


    S.O. OF L.H., 1879                            _Frontispiece_

  REWI FIGHTING CHIEF OF THE WAIKATOS             _to face page_    20

  GATEWAY TO MAORI KIANGA                                 "         56

  A MAORI GIRL                                            "         80

  YARN SPINNING IN SOUTH AFRICA                           "        214

  TE TARATA, THE WHITE TERRACE, ROTOMAHANA                "        192

  THE CONVERSION OF MIKE O'LEARY                          "        280


  Fame is but a fleeting shadow,
  Glory but an empty name;
  Spite of all that I have gone through,
  'Tis, I find, a losing game:

  Without interest, without money,
  Nothing can a soldier gain;
  Though he be the sole survivor
  Of a host of comrades slain:

  What avail these glitt'ring honours,
  Which a queen laid on my breast;
  Though I've sought them from my childhood,
  Would I'd fallen with the rest:

  Then my heart had not been broken
  Life had fled without a sigh;
  Hunger presses--I am fainting--
  Ought a soldier thus to die?
                                           THE OLD SHEKARRY.





Camped in a London flat, sick of the turmoil, rows and worries of the
big city, with its pushing, hurrying and ill-mannered crowds, can it
be wondered at that I let my thoughts often wander far away to the
days of my early manhood, when I passed over ten years in the dense
and silent, though beautiful, bush of New Zealand, or rode across the
wild, open and breezy plains of its inland plateaus? During this time
I had ample opportunities for observing and studying the natives, both
in war and peace: in the former especially, as I not only fought
against them, but I also fought side by side with the brothers,
cousins and quondam friends of the very men we were engaged against.

Queer, very queer, people they were, and, to describe them in a few
words, I should pronounce them to be bundles of contradictions, whose
faults made them hateful, but whose many good qualities rendered them
one of the most charming race of people it has ever been my lot to
meet. They have been described by numerous writers far more capable
than myself, and whose pens are far more graphic than my own, but yet
perhaps a few traits in their many-sided characters, that I have
experienced myself, may interest you.

To begin with, let me speak of their courage, which was displayed in
such a marked degree during the long wars that lasted from 1860 to
1871, for the whole of which period the Maoris were hopelessly
outnumbered and, as far as armament went, were equally outclassed. Yet
these brave fellows fought on and on, and even when the end came, and
the shattered remnants of the so-called rebels took refuge in the King
Country, the New Zealand Government, fearing to risk further war with
the powerful Waikato tribes, resorted to what was called the
blanket-and-sugar policy, rather than follow Te Kooti or demand his
extradition from King Tawhiao, who at that time was just as
independent of English rule as France was.

The first fighting took place in 1860, and soon General Sir Duncan
Cameron had over 1000 Imperial troops under his command, as well as an
equal number of Colonial Militia and Irregulars, and also a powerful
Naval Brigade. He had also a strong force of Artillery, and was well
supplied with ammunition and stores of all kinds. Yet perhaps you will
scarcely credit me when I tell you that never at any single moment had
he more than 2000 natives in arms against him, and that he was never
opposed in any single action by even 1000 men.

It must be borne in mind that Sir Duncan's force was one of the most
powerful that England, up to that time, without the assistance of
allies, had ever put into the field; that the men who composed it
were all of them good, seasoned men, many of them being veterans of
the Crimea and Mutiny; that the Militia were highly trained, most of
them old soldiers, under the command of ex-Imperial officers; that the
Irregulars proved themselves to be second to none in the field, and
that the natives only possessed old muskets and fowling-pieces.

Now these numbers are staggering, but absolutely correct, as it is
also that the above force made but small headway against this handful
of savages; for although Sir Duncan forced his way into the Waikato
and held a chain of forts there, yet on the west coast, especially in
the districts of Taranaki and Wanganui, the settlers had to abandon
their homesteads, the women and children being sent for safety to the
South Island, and no man's life was safe beyond rifle range of the
forts. This was the state of New Zealand in 1866, after six years of
incessant war, and it can only be accounted for in the following

To commence, the General and his officers were hidebound with the old
traditions and maxims of the British army. They simply would not or
could not adapt themselves to the exigencies or tactics of irregular
warfare, nor could they be made to understand or believe that a
regiment that could march in line like a brick wall might easily be
worsted by a mob of savages in a New Zealand bush. Then again when
attacking pahs: the General considered that the correct way to do so
was, after a sharp bombardment, to rush the place with the bayonet.

Who could imagine for a moment that natives could hold their flimsy
stockades against men who had stormed the Redan and taken Delhi at the
point of the bayonet. Yet they did. Rangiriri was assaulted three
times, and on each occasion, notwithstanding the splendid devotion and
courage of our gallant Tommies, they were driven back with great loss.
Yet on the following day the 180 defenders marched out and laid down
their arms. Why? For three days they had been without one drop of
water. The General knew they had no water, then why did he risk the
lives of his splendid men by ordering futile assaults? Rangiriri took
place in November 1863, and one would have thought that the General
might have learned something, by its lesson, of the ways how best to
deal with a Maori pah; but he had neglected to do so, for in April,
the following year, he invested Orakau Pah, the defenders of which
exhibited gallantry seldom equalled and never surpassed in all the
annals of human warfare. Let me try and give you a brief account, as I
heard it some years afterwards from the mouth of one of its defenders:

    "Listen, Te Parione, I will tell you how I first saw white men and
    fought against them. It was at Orakau, in the land of the Waikato
    tribes, and the fight happened in this manner:

    "We of the Taupo tribes must pay a visit of ceremony to the chiefs
    and people of the Waikatos, and at the same time the Uriwera
    people wished to do the same. Our intention was to discuss many
    things with the Waikatos, and to hold a big runanga (deliberation)
    concerning the war. We journeyed there, although we knew much war
    was going on, and we were most anxious to hear about and see
    something of this war, so that we could judge for ourselves the
    might and fighting customs of the white men. It was necessary for
    us to do this, as at that time we knew but little of the white
    man, or the war customs of the soldiers; and as we might have to
    fight them later on, it was well for us to know their manners in
    war. We travelled together, in two parties, as our love is not
    great for the Uriwera, and reached the land of the Waikatos. These
    could give us but a short tangi (reception ceremony), as the war
    was hot in the land and the people much engaged in fighting; but
    they gave us the Orakau Pah to dwell in, until such time as the
    runanga could be held. Some chiefs of the Waikatos also stayed
    with us in the pah, as hosts, and food was sent us daily, our
    women, some forty in number, having to fetch water from a
    distance, as there was none close to the pah.

    "We heard daily of the advance of the white men, and we hoped to
    see them, but did not go near them. It would not have been right
    to do so: we were on a visit of ceremony, we had no anger against
    them, and no cause to fight with them.

    "One day we heard they were quite near, and our hearts were glad,
    as perhaps we should get our desire and gaze on them. Next day
    they came in sight, long columns of them, each man in his place.
    And it was good to look at them. They were in great numbers. We
    had never seen so many men at one time, and our hearts grew dark
    within us at their might and order. Instead of passing on their
    way as we expected, some of them turned to the right and some
    moved to our left, until we were quite surrounded; and when they
    were all placed they stood still and remained quiet. We were
    surprised and in great wonder; nor could we understand the meaning
    of this, until there came to us, as herald, the mouth
    (interpreter) of their war chief, who told us, in the name of the
    Great White Queen, to give up the pah, lay down our arms, and
    render ourselves prisoners to the white men. Our head chief told
    him that we could not do this, that we were not there to fight
    against the white man, but that we were Taupo and Uriwera Maoris,
    that we were on a visit of ceremony to the Waikatos, and that we
    had no anger or cause against the soldiers. But the white chief
    was mad, and sent the mouth again, saying we must give up the pah
    to him or he would attack us.

    "Our hearts were very dark with fear at the might and number of
    the soldiers, and we discussed the situation. How could we give up
    the pah? Had not the Waikatos lent us their pah to live in? And
    were we not responsible for the honour of it? How could we give it
    up? No, we must guard the pah with our lives, or our disgrace
    would resound through the land and our shame live for ever. We had
    no wish to fight the soldiers, but we must. Now the white man is
    not ceremonious, for he gave us no time to dress for war, dance
    the war-dance, nor even to utter our war-cries; for as soon as the
    herald returned to his chief we saw a taua (war party) leave their
    army and come straight for the outer fence, and we had to hasten,
    so as to get into the trench and flanking angles.

    "Very great is the courage of the soldiers, but great is their
    folly; for this taua moved all in a body, close together, with a
    young chief walking in front of them with his sword in his hand.
    Soon they came near, and the young chief raised his sword and
    shouted. The taua at once rushed at us, all of them shouting loud.

    "Our hearts were dark with fear, for the anger of the white man
    was very great. Rewi (a great fighting chief of the Waikatos') had
    told us before to harden ourselves against the anger and shouts of
    the white men, and had given us orders not to fire until he gave
    the signal, then all to fire at one time. When the taua was within
    six fathoms of us he gave the signal, and our fire darted out from
    under the fence. Many of the white men fell, but the rest rushed
    on, some of them trying to pull down the fence with their hands,
    others firing through it with their guns, and some thrusting at us
    with their bayonets. None of them seemed to fear death, though
    they fell fast. We now fired our second barrels, reloading as fast
    as we could, the women helping us, the men in the flanking angles
    also firing, so that the smoke rose in clouds, and the sky
    resounded with the shouting of the white men and our war-cries.
    All fear had fallen away from us, and we now saw that the great
    white chief was ceremonious, as he had only sent such a number of
    men as we could cope with, all his other men remaining where they
    had first stopped and not interfering with us. But it was
    otherwise with the men with whom we were fighting, as they swore
    at us and called us many bad names. And this was wrong, and filled
    us with wonder, as we had done them no evil. But perhaps it is the
    custom of the soldiers to do so.

    "The fight had lasted but a short time. I had loaded my tupara
    (double-barrelled gun) twice when a bugle called out, and the
    soldiers, leaving us, went back. No, they did not run away, they
    went slowly, looking back at us as if sorry to leave the fight and
    taking their wounded men with them.

    "We were greatly elated that we had saved the pah, and thought
    that now the white men, having no cause of war against us, and
    having done all that was necessary for both their own honour and
    ours, would pass on their way, leaving us in peace.

    "It was also near the time for our evening meal. The Waikato women
    had not, according to their custom, brought us any provisions that
    day, this having been delayed, we thought, on account of the
    fight. But as that was now over, there could be no further cause
    for their not coming, and if our women were to fetch water, it
    would be ready for the food when it presently arrived.

    "Our women left the pah for this purpose, and had been gone but a
    short time when they returned and told us that the soldiers would
    not allow them to pass, and that, on their insisting on doing so,
    telling the interpreter that there was no water or food in the pah
    and that they must get some, the mouth had told them that the big
    chief had given orders that no food or water should be carried
    into the pah and that if they passed through the soldiers they
    would be prevented from coming back. So they had returned.

    "This news filled us with wonder. Surely the white chief must be
    mad. Enough fighting had been done for the honour of ourselves and
    the soldiers. Even should he require more, how could he expect
    our hearts to be strong and for us to be able to fight well if he
    was to stop us obtaining food and water? It was folly. No man can
    fight as he should do when he is weak and famished. He had very
    many men. There had not been 300 Maoris, including women, in the
    pah from the beginning, and some of us had been killed and
    wounded; so we felt bitter towards the white chief, for our thirst
    with fighting, shouting and the powder smoke, was great.

    "Next morning we saw many more soldiers had arrived, bringing with
    them several big guns, and the herald again approached us. This
    time he told us that if we would not render up the pah the big
    guns would fire on us. He also said we should have no food or
    water. To this Rewi made answer: 'We will not render up the pah
    and our honour. Enough, we will fight right on for ever.' And we
    all shouted, 'Aké, aké, aké' (For ever, for ever, for ever).

    "Then the white chief sent word: 'Save your women, let them come
    out, they shall pass in safety and honour through the soldiers.'

    "But the women refused, and Rewi answered: 'The women will fight
    with us.'

    "No sooner had the herald left us than the big guns began to
    shoot, also some short, fat guns (cohorns) that threw iron balls
    up into the air, so that they dropped inside the pah. And these
    balls, being filled with powder, burst, inside the pah, with great
    noise, and pieces of iron flew all around, while a great number of
    soldiers, drawing near, began to fire at the pah, so that soon the
    whole place was filled with dust and confusion, while the air was
    torn with the shrieking of the pieces of iron and the whistling of
    bullets. We were stricken with fear, and were glad to take refuge
    in the underground houses of the Waikatos. And now we understood
    their reason for building these, and our fear soon left us, when
    we discovered that all this noise and trouble did us no harm.
    After this had gone on some time, Rewi called to us that a taua
    was getting ready to attack us, and ordered us to make ready for
    it. And just then the fire from the big guns ceased, so as to
    enable us to do so.

    "This was quite right, for, if they had continued to fire, we
    could not have left the underground houses, and then should not
    have had time to get into the trenches to welcome the soldiers.
    This made us think better of the white chief, who, we now saw, was
    most ceremonious, as he again only sent as many men against us as
    we could contend with on equal terms. And in all things, except
    the matter of food and water, he proved himself to be a great and
    wise war chief.

    "The hapu (tribe) of soldiers sent against us this time was not
    the same tribe as that which had attacked us previously, as they
    wore another number on their head-dress. And this was as it should
    be, for the chief had many different tribes in his army, and each
    of these must be given a chance of honour. But he must have been
    blind in his great folly, as if he wished to send all his tribes,
    each in its turn, against us, at the same time refusing us food
    and water, how could he expect us to keep our hearts strong, so as
    to be able to resist in a befitting manner those whose turn came
    later on? Then again our powder would fail. But this he had
    provided against, as I will tell you shortly.

    "Now this new taua acted just the same as the other had done. They
    all moved in a body, and when the chief, who walked in front,
    raised his weapon they all ran forward to try and tear down the
    outer fence. Some of them had also brought with them large
    tomahawks with which to cut it down, and Rewi called to us to use
    our second shots on these men. Shouting loudly, the taua charged
    at us, and when they reached within six fathoms of us our fire
    rushed to meet them. Many of them fell, and those who reached the
    fence failed to break in, though they did all that brave men could
    do. The men with the tomahawks were soon shot down, and the fight
    waxed very hot, although our war-cries were small, our thirst
    being very great.

    "Soon the bugle again called, and the white men went back slowly
    and in great anger, some of them shaking their hands at us and
    swearing loudly. But this we did not heed greatly, as we had
    decided, among ourselves, that this was their custom and that they
    did so with no intent to insult us, who had done them no wrong.

    "Soon the big guns began to shoot again: this time at the
    pekaranga (outer fence), so as to try and break it down. But the
    fence was made of very many slender manuka poles, lashed firmly to
    many cross-pieces, these being made fast to stout posts set firmly
    in the ground, the lower part of the fence being just clear of the
    ground, so that we could fire under it from the trench that was
    just behind it. And behind this trench, in which we stood, were
    the earthworks and heavy palisading of the pah.

    "Now the outer fence being composed in this way, the shot from the
    big guns only broke one or at the most two sticks of the fence,
    and then buried themselves in the earth. This did but little harm
    to us, as the holes made in the fence could be easily repaired and
    were not nearly large enough for a soldier to pass through. The
    short, fat guns also began to throw their balls into the pah. But
    as long as we remained in the underground houses these did us no
    harm. And it was by them the white chief showed his wisdom,
    insomuch as he employed these balls to furnish us with powder, so
    as to enable us to continue fighting, as we quickly discovered
    that very many of these balls did not burst and from them we
    extracted very many charges of powder. All these big guns fired
    with great fury at us for some time, and then ceased, so as to
    give us the opportunity of getting into the trenches to receive
    another taua.

    "This came in the same manner as the previous ones, and went back
    as they did, not being able to break through the fence, and losing
    many men.

    "All the rest of that day the big guns continued to shoot at us
    and the soldiers to fire into the pah, while we suffered much from
    the want of food and water.

    "That evening the mouth came to us again with word from the chief
    to render the pah and ourselves to him.

    "This we again refused to do. True, we had fought enough to save
    the honour of the pah, and we should have left it before, had we
    been able to do so; but we were, on all sides, surrounded by
    soldiers, so could not escape. And if we rendered ourselves up as
    prisoners, we, who were, with but few exceptions, all well-born
    rangitera (gentlemen), would lose caste and become slaves.
    Therefore we must fight for ever, even if we should have to die
    from thirst. All that evening, and also at intervals during the
    night, the big guns fired at us; and we had to take the time
    between these to lick with our tongues the dew that fell from the
    sky, so as to try and cool our parched throats, as by now our
    thirst was very great.

    "We could get no rest that night, as the white men frequently
    fired these powder-filled balls into the pah. And we discovered
    another reason for their use: one being to bring us powder, the
    other to keep us awake, so as to be ready to resist an attack
    should the chief desire one to be made. We had thought, at first,
    they had been intended to kill and injure us, but as they had hurt
    no one, we now understood their proper use. And we again wondered
    at a chief who, being so wise in some matters, should be so
    foolish as to keep us without food and water, as he still had many
    more tribes to send to fight us.

    "Next morning we saw that the white men had dug, during the night,
    many rifle pits, and had begun to dig trenches, so as to be able
    to approach us closely, without our being able to fire at them.
    Escape we had deemed impossible before, but when the mouth came to
    call us to render ourselves prisoners, we again cried, as loud as
    our thirst allowed us: 'We fight on; aké, aké, aké.'

    "That day the big guns fired frequently, and tauas attacked us
    twice, always in the same manner as I have already told you; but
    the last taua were very full of anger, and the bugle had to call
    twice before they left us.

    "The soldiers also kept on digging their trenches, and kept on
    firing both from big guns and muskets.

    "During the night we again tried to quench our thirst with the
    dew, for we were getting weak and suffering greatly; and Rewi with
    the rest of us chiefs consulted as to what we should do, for we
    saw that by the next evening the soldiers would have dug their
    trenches up to the outer fence and that the pah must fall. These
    were the words of Rewi, and we all agreed with them:

    "'O ye chiefs of Taupo and Uriwera, we have done all that brave
    men can do. We have saved the honour of the pah, we must now look
    to ourselves. The soldiers will enter the pah to-morrow, and we,
    through the folly of the white chief, will be too weak from famine
    and thirst to resist them. It is unbecoming that we, who are
    gentlemen, should render ourselves prisoners; therefore only one
    thing remains for us to do. We must charge the enemy and try to
    escape by breaking through them. Perchance some of us will
    succeed, the remainder must die as it befits warriors to die.'

    "He then told us his plan. 'At midday the soldiers take their
    meal, leaving only guards in the trenches. We will leave the pah
    quietly in a body and rush those who are behind the bank--that is,
    in front of the gate--and we will break through them there. They
    will be eating. Perchance we may find them unprepared.' To this we
    all agreed, each man determining to escape or die.

    "Next morning we saw the trenches had approached us closely, and
    so near were they that the soldiers were able to throw great
    numbers of small balls filled with powder into our trench and the
    pah itself. These balls burst on reaching us, and were thrown by
    the hands of the soldiers themselves, not by the big guns, though
    these also kept firing all the time, and we saw before night came
    again the pah must fall.

    "No taua attacked us this morning, as they wished the big guns to
    break down our defences, as much as possible, before they again
    assailed us. The sun reached its height and the firing somewhat
    ceased. Rewi said the time was come, and we gathered together at
    the gate of the pah, all the women being with us. Yes, it was
    certainly the time for the soldiers' meal, and we, who had neither
    eaten nor drunk for more than three days, tried to laugh when we
    thought how we were shortly to disturb their eating it.

    "Now, Parion, so that you may understand fully how these matters
    took place, I must tell you that about 100 fathoms from the gate
    of the pah was a bank, behind which were one of the tribes of
    soldiers, who bore the number 40 on their head-coverings. This
    bank had not been dug by them but was natural. It was not a high
    bank, and it sloped towards us, but was steeper on the other side
    and afforded the soldiers good protection from such of us as
    possessed rifles. There had been no trenches dug on this side of
    the pah, as the ground was hard and rocky, so there was nothing
    between us and this bank. When we were all ready the gate of the
    pah was removed, and we all rushed out, but without noise, and
    ran as fast as we could for the bank; and we had crossed more than
    half the distance before the soldiers seemed to notice us, as the
    smoke and dust lay heavy on the pah and around the spots from
    which the big guns fired. Then we were seen, and immediately many
    bugles gave their calls. There was much shouting, and many
    soldiers in the trenches jumped out and fired at us, many others
    running to take their allotted places. There was much confusion.
    We, however, ran steadily on, turning neither to our right nor our
    left; nor did we return the fire. We soon came to the bank, and as
    we ran up the slope we could see the soldiers rising from the
    ground, on which they were eating, and who, when they saw us
    running towards them, ran to the bank, fixing their bayonets on
    their guns. Only a few had time to fire at us before we were on
    them, and with our rush we jumped from the top of the bank right
    over their heads. Some of them thrust bayonets at us, but as they
    were in confusion we broke through them, or jumped over them,
    without trouble, only very few of us falling here, and continued
    to run towards the hills that were not far off. We should have
    reached these, and most of us would have escaped, but all at once
    we were cut off and attacked by other men, not soldiers, some of
    them mounted (Colonial Irregulars). These men do not have the fine
    appearance of soldiers, but know more about war, and are greatly
    to be feared; for they did not wait to get each man into his right
    place, but attacked us each man as he could, and being, moreover,
    good fighting men, they killed many of us and delayed us so much
    that the soldiers, having had time to regulate themselves, reached
    the hill almost as soon as we did. They were in great numbers and
    fired heavily on us as we struggled up the hills, all of us so
    weak that we could scarcely surmount them. The big guns also fired
    at us, but the horses could not follow us, and so 120 of us
    escaped, Rewi and myself being among these, the remainder dying as
    it became them. Very many of us, however, were wounded; and I must
    not omit to tell you that thirty of the others who did not escape,
    through being wounded severely, were taken by the soldiers. These
    the soldiers treated with honour; nor did they make them slaves or
    kill them, but conveyed them carefully to big tents, where their
    wounds were made whole, and they were attended with much care. The
    women, of whom some were taken, were also treated with honour. But
    this was the custom of the soldiers once the fighting was
    finished. They bore no anger towards the Maori prisoners, but
    brought them much tobacco and waipero (rum) to show their good
    will and appreciation for the trouble the Maoris had taken to
    fight them five times. But on the medicine men learning of this
    good will on the part of the soldiers, they were angry, and drove
    them away; which I myself consider to be wrong. But perchance it
    is the custom of the medicine men.

    "And now, Te Parione, I desire your explanation on some matters;
    for my heart is darkened with indecision as to the reasons the
    great white chief had in carrying the war on against us in the
    manner he did. You, who are a fighting man, belonging to the
    tribes of soldiers, for I have been told your ancestors have all
    been chiefs among these tribes, may be able to clear my mind on
    these matters. I will place my ideas before you, then you can make
    my mind light.

    "First, why did the chief attack us? We were on a visit of
    ceremony, not of war. Yet he, having a big army, and the Waikatos
    at the time avoiding him, must find war for his men. In so much he
    was right, and that I understand. Again, he showed great knowledge
    of war, by only sending small bodies of men against us, he having
    so many that we should have been crushed at once had he sent them
    all at the same time. He also showed his great wisdom by sending
    us powder in the iron balls, which also kept us awake at night, so
    that we might be ready in case he attacked us. But as he did not
    attack us during the night, it was folly, as a fighting man needs
    rest. That he did not want to kill us we know, or he would not
    have made whole the wounded men. Again, he could not have wanted
    the pah itself, to dwell in, or he would not have tried to destroy
    it with his big guns. And he knew we had no food or water, so must
    all perish from thirst, in a few days, when he could gain the pah
    without losing any men at all. He could not want our arms, as his
    men do not use double-barrelled guns, and if he took them from us
    we should have been unable to fight him, in case he saw fit to
    come to Taupo from the Waikato, seeking war. No, he must have
    wanted to let each of his tribes enjoy the honour of fighting us
    in their proper turn. But then why, O Te Parione, did he forbid us
    food and water? How could he expect us to render full justice to
    his men when our great thirst even prevented us from crying our
    war-cries, or fighting in such a manner as would confer honour on
    his men whose turn came late. As it was, we could only manage to
    hold out long enough to fight five of his tribes: and he had many.

    "And now, Te Parione, the night grows old, and I have talked much.
    Thinking of Orakau excites my thirst and the rum bottle is empty.
    At daylight you go to shoot ducks, and it is needful to sleep.
    Think over what I have asked you, and to-morrow night, when we
    talk once again on war, you will be able to set my mind at rest on
    these matters. War is a great art, and we are never too old to
    acquire wisdom. Perchance that white chief had reasons that, if I
    understood, would exalt my name should I practise them when we
    fight again. Till then, my guest, rest in peace."

The above yarn is greatly epitomised, as my old host not only
described most of the blows struck during the fight, but also gave me
the roll-call of the Maoris, and most of their pedigrees. A Maori
considers it to be a waste of words not to describe minutely every
circumstance of an event, and by doing so differs from our ideas of
yarn-spinning, as we consider brevity to be the soul of wit. Nor did
the brave old warrior lay claim to any special merit that his band of
250 men, armed with old fowling-pieces and muskets, should have
resisted the attack of over 5000 British troops, should have repulsed
five desperate assaults, and for three days have braved the fire of a
powerful train of artillery, while at the same time undergoing the
torture of thirst.

Surely their heroic answer to the General's summons to surrender, "Ka
whawhai tonu, aké, aké, aké" (We fight right on, for ever, for ever,
for ever), is worthy of a place among the mottoes of the proudest
regiments the world has ever contained. As for their desperate and
somewhat successful attempt to escape: the fact that this handful of
famished men and women, in broad daylight, should charge and break
through the investing lines of their enemies and, but for the
intervention of the Colonial Irregulars, would have nearly all got
away, is a wonderful instance of unconquerable courage.

Perhaps I may be excused for recounting one or two more instances of
Maori chivalry.

During the negotiations that took place at the end of the Waikato war,
the General asked Wirimu Thomihana, through his interpreter, how it
was that the Maoris had not attempted to cut off his convoys at a
place called the Hog's Back?--the said place having such natural
difficulties as to render its passage almost impossible, had it been
obstructed by a hostile force. Thomihana's reply was: "What a foolish
question for a great war chief to ask. If we had prevented you from
obtaining food, how could you have continued to fight?"

[Illustration: REWI.]

On another occasion two companies of soldiers, while on the line of
march, piled their arms, sat down to rest and eat their dinners. Not
far away a body of Maoris were lying _perdus_. These crept up, through
the long fern, to the unsuspecting Tommies. Then, jumping to their
feet, rushed through them, seizing _en route_ all the rifles, belts
and pouches, they disappeared with them again into the fern. The Maori
chief presently informed the discomfited and helpless troops that he
would not allow his men to injure them, as he considered that both
themselves and their officers were far too ignorant of war to be
treated as warriors, and that they might therefore return in peace to
their camp, where he advised them to learn how to take care of
themselves before they again came out to fight.

The 65th Regiment had been stationed very many years in New Zealand,
it being supposed that their existence had been forgotten by the War
Office, who had most probably lost their postal address. Some of the
officers and very many of the men had married Maori women, so that the
regiment was on very friendly terms with the natives. War broke out,
and, naturally, the white man and Maori were on opposite sides and
fought bravely against one another. This did not, however, affect
their mutual esteem, for when at sunset the firing ceased numbers of
Maoris used to leave their rifle pits and stroll over to their
opponents' shelter trenches to exchange compliments, while the Maori
women brought over plentiful supplies of pork and potatoes with which
to regale their husbands, who, during the day, had been trying their
best to pot their fathers and brothers. These latter, with plenty of
quiet chaff, would quietly discuss the prominent events of the past
day's fighting, and the possible occurrences of the coming one, with
no more animus than teams of cricketers discuss together, at dinner,
the events of that day's play. At guard-mounting these friendly
enemies would part, and at daylight next morning each would do his
level best to put out of action his relative by marriage. This
sporting relationship was kept up for some time, until, reinforcements
pouring into the country, another regiment was sent to strengthen the
Haki-Hakis (the 65th), when the Maoris, thinking that the new-comers
might be enemies to the 65th, promptly left their rifle pits and,
coming over to their opponents, proffered their assistance to drive
away the supposed undesirable new-comers, and then continue their own

I have frequently talked to Maori warriors of their old-time wars,
tribe against tribe, when they have related accounts of the awful
raids of Hongi, Heki, Rauparaha and others. And these stories not only
teem with incidents of splendid courage, but are also blackened by the
recital of as many acts of brutality, treachery and cold-blooded
slaughter sufficient to satisfy Moloch himself: and relate to men who
would on one occasion perform feats of heroic chivalry worthy to stand
beside those of Bayard or Sir Walter Manny, while on the next day they
would commit acts that would have been considered bad form in Hades
even by Tilly and Cromwell. Chivalry was to disappear entirely when
the natives adopted the extraordinary and debased form of
nonconformist Christianity called the Pai Marire or Hau Hau faith: at
which time, retaining only their courage, they relinquished every
other good quality they may ever have possessed.

During the bitter and savage fighting of the later sixties, splendid
actions were done by these men while attempting to carry off, from the
field of battle, their wounded or dead comrades; and their determined
resistance, offered up to the last, threw a halo of glory round them
that even their cold-blooded murders and torturing atrocities could
scarcely obliterate.

Well I think I have said enough about their courage; let me turn to
the next greatest virtue possessed by man--viz. hospitality.

The hospitality of the Maori was unbounded. The best of everything he
had was readily placed at the disposal of his guest, and even should
he be so circumstanced as to have only a few potatoes between himself
and starvation, these would be cheerfully surrendered for his
visitor's consumption; nor was any payment expected, and if offered
would have been indignantly refused; notwithstanding the fact that the
recipient of the bounty might be a perfect stranger.

In those good old days, when the inmates of a pah or kainga saw a
white man, of any rank or position, approaching the place, all the
women, girls and children would seize mats, or anything else that came
handy, and, waving these, cry as loud as they could the greetings of
welcome: "Hacre mai! Hacre mai!" (Come to us! Come to us!). And these
cries would continue, and be joined in by all the inhabitants, until
the stranger had entered the village. On doing so, the visitor,
provided he were acquainted with strict Maori etiquette, would pay no
attention to anyone, but, handing his horse over to the nearest boy,
pass through the screaming, gesticulating crowd, and seat himself in
front of the guest hut, usually the best whare in the village. Here he
would be faced by all the principal men of the place, who would squat
down, in a semicircle, in front of him, the women, boys, girls and men
of low degree standing in rear of them, when with one accord the whole
multitude would lift up their voices and weep--and when I say weep it
was weeping, real weeping, and no make-believe about it. This
weeping, known as a tangi, was to me always a matter of wonder, as I
could never understand how a Maori should be able to turn on the
water-tap of his emotions at any moment he might desire to do so. I
have frequently seen scores of grand old kai tangatas (man-eaters)
squat down and, at will, cry and sob, with big tears hopping down
their tattooed cheeks, as bitterly as some tender-hearted little girls
would do if their favourite cat had just murdered their pet canary;
and these grim old warriors, in less than a minute, would be in more
urgent need of a big bandana handkerchief than a small boy with a bad
attack of influenza. Old men and women would crawl out of their huts,
stragglers would hurry up to join the throng, until every man, woman
and child belonging to the tribe would be rocking and wailing as if
their very heart-strings had been wrung with woe by the most personal

After these lamentations had lasted a few minutes, one of the
principal chiefs would rise to his feet and make a short oration,
somewhat in this fashion: "You have come to us, O stranger, welcome!
welcome! welcome!" Then, turning to his people, he would say: "What is
the use of this crying? Dry your tears. Our friend is with us, make
him welcome. He is hungry, prepare food for him. He is fatigued, let
him rest. Bring him water, let him drink. Our friend is with us, cease
this foolish weeping. Our hearts grow light at seeing him." He would
then advance to the visitor and offer his hand, in the case of a white
man; but if the said stranger should be a native, of rank or family,
he would squat down in front of him and rub noses. Then, placing their
hands each on the other's shoulders, they would dissolve once more
into tears, mussle their noses together, and for a minute or two
mingle their weepings: this process having to be gone through by the
stranger with every man in the village, whose rank entitled him to
approach the guest.

The salutations having been finished, the stranger was left in peace,
everyone retiring, with the exception of a chief, or some particular
friend, who would remain to see to his comfort. And here at once the
innate good-breeding of the Maori came to the front: insomuch as, no
matter how anxious the natives were to hear the news, or the purport
of the visit, the guest was never pestered with questions, not even as
from whence he came, or whither he was going, and it remained entirely
to his own discretion as to whether he gave them any information or
not. In the meantime, girls brought him water to drink and wash with,
others had swept out the whare, brought in fresh fern and laid down
new mats for his use. Presently the sound of singing would be heard,
and a group of girls, carrying small open trays made from the broad,
glazed leaves of the flax plant, would, with a dancing step and a
little song, approach him and place them in front of him. These trays
contained food, such as pork, eels, enunga (fresh-water whitebait),
kora (the delicious fresh-water crayfish), potatoes, pigeons, and
sweet potatoes, or any of them the village contained. Anyhow, the
guest might be quite sure it was the very best his hosts had to offer.
On their arrival the man who had been looking after him would take a
morsel of food from one dish and eat it; then, rising to his feet, he
would retire, at the same time wishing his guest a good appetite.
Everyone else would depart with him, with the exception of one or,
perhaps, two girls, who would remain on their knees beside him, to
wait on him and tempt him to eat.

The evening meal being over, the chiefs would gather round their
guest, and, if he should happen to be a man of any importance, long
and deep would be the conversation: the subjects ranging from the
health and doings of the Great White Queen and her governor, to the
most trivial topics of the day. Each man in his turn would state his
ideas and reasons, and was listened to with attention; while the
guest's words were carefully weighed, and even, if his hearers
disagreed with him, the arguments adduced to refute his statements
were always expressed in a manner so polite, and in words so carefully
chosen, that it was impossible for him to feel personally hurt in
regard to his _amour propre_. Of course if the visit had been
premeditated the stranger would have come amply supplied with tobacco,
which would be passed round, and accepted with a _bien aise_ that
quite disguised, or rather hid, their intense longing for it, and
would be enjoyed with many a hearty grunt of satisfaction and
approbation. Then the girls would haka (dance with songs) in the
moonlight, some of them having placed glow-worms and fireflies in
their hair. And the sight of flashing eyes, gleaming white teeth,
flowing locks and lovely, swaying figures was sufficient to have made
old Saint Anthony himself sit up; although the words of the songs
that accompanied the dances, and the gestures that in part composed
them, were of a nature to shock a far less austere saint, and would
perhaps have even extracted a blush from an habitué of the old-time
Jardin Mabille.

Late night would put an end to the festivities, and the stranger, all
his comforts well seen to, might retire to his fern bed in peace.

It was a point of honour among the Maoris to protect their guest, as
it was a point of honour, on the part of the guest, to stand by his
hosts. In the yarn I spun about Orakau, I pointed out how the Taupo
and Uriwera tribes refused to render up the pah lent to them to dwell
in by the Waikatos, and that sooner than do so they fought to the
bitter end. Again, in 1811, when Te Kooti, flying from us, took refuge
in the King Country, and demanded the protection of the Waikatos, this
was readily granted him; and the Waikato tribes, although they had no
personal esteem for him, much less love or even family ties, would
have gone to war with us rather than have surrendered him, had the New
Zealand Government demanded him from them.

A Maori tribe considered it most unfortunate should even an accident
befall a guest while dwelling in one of their villages; for if such an
occurrence should happen, they ran the risk of being chaffed and held
up to ridicule, by the surrounding tribes, for their inability to take
care of a visitor.

Much more so was this the case during war-time. Should a white officer
be detailed for duty to a native contingent, he would be looked after
and his safety guarded in ways almost ludicrous and by no means
congenial to himself.

This was done, because if that officer were killed or wounded, it
would reflect the deepest disgrace on the tribe with whom he served;
they would never hear the last of it, not only from their friends, but
also from their enemies. And these would continually rate them, and
charge them with the accusation that it was through their carelessness
or cowardice that the misfortune had happened to the man who had been
entrusted to them.

The Maori was very superstitious. He firmly believed in dreams,
visions, omens of all sorts and the gift of prophecy, while the number
of unlucky acts he might involuntarily commit during one day was quite
sufficient to account for a whole chapter of accidents on the morrow.
He regarded the tohungas (magicians) with great respect, so long as
their divinations and prophecies panned out; but there are plenty of
well-authenticated cases where a warrior has wreaked his vengeance on
a tohunga through whose false prognostications the tribe has got into
a mess. Nor are incidents lacking to show that prophets, who had
earned a reputation for themselves, would not rather commit suicide
than allow themselves to be proved wrong in their divinations.

Let me spin you a couple of yarns to illustrate what I have just

It was in March 1865 that the Hau Hau apostle Kereopa, in the course
of a few hours, converted the swagger flock of red-hot Christians,
who, under the guidance of Bishop Williams, had earned a mighty
reputation for sanctity, to the new faith of Pai Marire. The good
bishop and his family, barely escaping with their lives from his own
sheep, departed to Napier, leaving the Hau Haus in possession of his
residence at Waerengahika, at which place they built a pah that was,
in November of the same year, attacked by the Colonial forces. The Hau
Haus were superior in numbers, but during the first few days the
Colonials gained some trivial advantages, and on the fourth day began
to sap up to the works, which they had surrounded. This day chanced to
be a Saturday, and the working party were surprised by an attack, in
their rear, from a body of the enemy's reinforcements seeking to enter
the pah, which they succeeded in doing, the working party having to
beat a retreat, with the loss of six men killed and five wounded. This
trivial success greatly elated the natives and so bucked up one of the
apostles that he at once started in and prophesied nineteen to the

Now this Johnny possessed that small amount of knowledge that is so
dangerous to its owner. He had been brought up at a mission station,
and accustomed to going to church, with great regularity, every
Sunday. He therefore thought that all Christians acted in the same
way, and that the Colonial Irregulars would be just as methodical in
their religious observance as the goody-goody hangers-on at the
various mission stations he was acquainted with.

Here of course he made a blooming error, for what member of the Lost
Legion ever allowed preaching to interfere with fighting, or carried
devotional books about with him when he had to hump his own swag.

Now this josser, thinking he knew all about the customs of the white
man, considered he was quite safe in turning on his prophetic tap. So
on the evening after the small success already spoken about he started
in and informed his hearers that he had received a revelation,
directing the Hau Haus that on the following day, which was Sunday,
they were to leave the pah an hour before noon and advance on the
white men's shelter trenches, which they would find empty, and that
the majority of the latter who had not been turned into stone by the
angel Gabriel would be surprised at their devotions and fall a prey,
without any resistance, to the tender mercies of the Hau Haus, who, he
guaranteed, were to escape, scathless, from wounds or death.

These promises seem absurd to white men, but they were implicitly
believed by the Maoris, who next day acted on the strength of them.

The main position of the Colonials was in the rear of three strong
thorn hedges, two of which flanked the third, and these had all been
well trenched and were, of course, held, day and night, by a strong
guard; in fact the men lived and slept in them. Between the centre
hedge and the pah, a distance of less that 500 yards, stretched a
smooth meadow, without a particle of cover, and the astonishment of
our men was intense when, at 11 o'clock A.M., they saw some hundreds
of the Hau Haus quietly leave the pah and advance in two wedge-shaped
columns against the centre of their position. At first they thought it
was a general surrender, but the war flags the enemy carried rapidly
dispersed that idea; and when the two columns were well between the
three hedges, and not 100 yards from any of them, the bugle sounded
and a tremendous volley was poured into the misguided Maoris, who fell
in heaps of dead and wounded men. Notwithstanding the awful shock
their nerves must have received from this quite unexpected slaughter,
these gallant though fanatical warriors at once charged home and tried
to force their way through the strong thorn fence, only to be swept
away like flies. And soon the survivors had to beat a hasty retreat
back to the pah, lashed the whole way by the heavy fire of the white
men, who did not go to church.

It was during the advance that the incident I originally alluded to
took place. The first volley had smashed the Hau Haus' leading column,
the advance of which the apostle led in person; for, to give these
prophets only their just due, they never hung back from taking the
post of the greatest danger in any of the crazy enterprises that they
persuaded their disciples to undertake.

Well, the first volley knocked over the prophet, who fell badly
wounded, but succeeded in regaining his feet, whereupon one of the
chiefs, disengaging himself from the mass of stricken and shaken men,
deliberately walked up to him, drew his tomahawk and cleft his skull,
then, springing forward, led his surviving followers to almost certain
death. This might be called an instance of sharp and ready reckoning,
but it was by no means a singular case of rough and rapid retribution;
so that, taking into consideration the number of apostles who were
knocked over, in a legitimate manner, fighting, and those who were
tomahawked by furious and disappointed votaries, the trade could
scarcely be called a healthy one, and it must have required a great
amount of pluck on the man's part who took on himself the prophetic
rôle. But, then, what will not some men risk for notoriety?

Now, having finished with this Johnny, let me tell you about another
of a somewhat similar kidney.

The friendly tribes of the Wanganui sent a contingent to the east
coast, to assist us during the Opotiki Expedition, and among them was
a first-class, up-to-date prophet named Pitau. The Wanganui, at this
time, were not strong in prophets, so that this man was made much of
by his tribe, for although some of the young men had begun to deride
prophecy, yet the old warriors still implicitly believed in the
ancient cult, and regarded Pitau as a valuable adjunct to the field

Now it was the usual custom of the various tribes, when they went to
war, to hold deep consultations with their tribal prophets, who for a
consideration would advise and foretell what was going to happen, and
if the war was going to prove successful or otherwise. It was so in
this case. Pitau was called on to lift the veil of futurity, and,
having gone through the necessary incantations, the oracle spoke as
follows:--"You will be successful in all things, O Wanganui: only one
man will die, and that man will be Pitau." Now this was distinctly
rough on Pitau, who must either die or be declared an impostor.
Anyhow, the oracle had spoken, and the war party started. The Wanganui
reached Opotiki, did their duty well, and on the completion of their
service were to take ship for home. Up to this time nearly everything
had panned out all right for the soothsayer, with regard to his
prophecy: the Wanganui had been successful and had not lost a single
man; but the oracle had distinctly stated Pitau was to die himself,
yet here he was still alive. It certainly was not his fault, for at
the fight at the Kiori-kino, and also in other skirmishes, he had done
his best to get killed, but seemed to bear a charmed life; yet if he
returned home alive, his name and reputation as a high-toned prophet
would be gone for ever. The Fates, however, gave him one more chance,
and he grasped it. Canoes, heavily ladened, were pushing off from the
shore to the ship: he sprang into one of these, and by his extra
weight swamped the canoe. The amphibious natives easily swam ashore,
but so did not Pitau, for, raising his arms above his head, he allowed
himself to sink down to his rest, among the eels and crabs, rather
than allow his prophecy to be unfulfilled. Surely there are many names
on the scroll of martyrs who have laid down their lives, to prove the
truth of their convictions, less worthy of fame than that of Pitau.

And now I think I may spin you a yarn about a personal experience I
had of the superstitious fears of the Maoris, although by doing so I
must confess to a _mauvaise plaisanterie_ I was guilty of
perpetrating, and of which I am thoroughly ashamed, that created a
greater emotion, among a party of highly respectable old cannibals,
than any convulsion of nature would have caused.

It happened in this way: I was well aware of the great superstitious
dread the Maoris had of the green lizard. These, although they exist
in New Zealand, are rare birds, and during the years I was there I
saw but few of them. The Maoris, however, believe that at death one of
these lizards enters a man's body, and consequently look on them with
horror and abhorrence. At the period I am yarning about, I was located
at Ohinimutu, in the hot lake district, and had made a short visit to
the town of Napier.

During my stay there, while wandering about the streets, I noticed
that a speculative storekeeper had added some children's toys to his
stock in trade, perhaps the very first that had ever been imported
into the country, and as they attracted my attention I stopped to
examine them. We are told that Old Nick is ever ready to prompt an
idle man, and he must have been mighty adjacent to me that day, for on
my spotting one of those old-fashioned, wooden crocodiles, painted a
vivid green with bright-red spots on it, I immediately went into the
shop and purchased it. The thing was constructed of small blocks of
wood, sawn in such a way, and connected together with string, that
when you held it in your hand it wriggled, and looked alive, while it
also possessed a gaping red mouth and staring eyes. The confounded
insect would not have raised a squall out of a nervous European babe
of a year old; but, such as it was, I put it into my kit and, on my
return up country, took it with me.

In due course of time I reached Ohinimutu, where, after a swim in the
hot water and a good dinner, I retired to my private abode, a large
hut built Maori fashion, but with European door and window, as I knew
I should have to give audience to some dozen chiefs of the Arawa
tribe, who would call on me to welcome my return and hear the news.
It did not take me long to prepare for their reception, and getting
the toy out of my kit, I slipped it up my left sleeve, so that it was
hidden. I then sat down in a low camp-chair and awaited my victims,
who soon arrived, giving me their words of welcome as they entered,
and squatting down in a semicircle in front of the fire, all of them
as keen as mustard to hear the news. They were a fine-looking lot of
old chaps, ten in number, and some of them almost gigantic in size.
Old Hori Haupapa must have stood over seven foot high, when in his
prime; and the rest were all big men. Anxious as they were to hear the
news, still they were far too well-bred to ask any questions, and, as
I pretended to be in very low spirits and sat speechless, heaving an
occasional deep sigh, they squatted there, conversing in low whispers,
with looks full of commiseration for my unhappy state.

For a few minutes we sat quiet, then I made signs to the girl who
attended on us to hand round the rum and tobacco: which she did. And
after each man had been served, letting go a dismal groan, I said:
"Friends, I thank you for your words of welcome. My heart is very
dark. I have dreamed a dream." Here I paused to let the poison work;
for a dream to a Maori audience is always a safe draw, and the
muttered grunts and ejaculations, passed round with nudges, showed me
they were quite ripe to believe anything. So I continued: "Yes,
friends, last night I dreamed a dream, and the interpretation of that
dream is hidden from me." Here I paused again, and slipped the toy
into my left hand, which rested on my left knee, while I held their
eyes with my own, so that, in the firelit whare, none of them noticed
my sleight of hand. Then I continued: "I dreamed, O chiefs of the
Arawa, that we all sat, as we are doing now, by this fire, when lo!
out of my left hand crept a ngaraka" (green lizard). Here again I
paused, but so did not my hearers, for old Taupua, glancing nervously
at my left hand, at once spotted what he thought to be a dreaded
lizard. The grim old warrior let go a howl of consternation and
promptly turned a back somersault, thereby drawing the attention of
all the others to the noxious reptile; and in one moment these
dignified old savages, who would have faced without flinching the fire
of a battery of artillery sooner than have committed a gaucherie, were
trying to push and struggle through the door, with no more regard to
manners or manhood than the ordinary well-dressed Englishman displays
who pushes ladies on one side while boarding a tram.

The first one to reach the door was an ancient, who did not understand
the mechanism of a white man's lock, so failed to open it; and in a
moment they were climbing over one another's backs, in their frantic
endeavours to escape until the end of the whare gave way, and the big
chiefs of the Arawa tribe precipitated themselves, door and all, into
outer darkness, where they formed a confused heap of writhing, howling
humanity. At last they struggled free, and each man made for his own
hut, all fully convinced that something dreadful was going to happen
and that the whole community was past praying for. Nor did the panic
end here; for in a moment the tribe was roused up and, the awful news
being promulgated, in two flirts of a cat's tail, every man, woman
and child had cleared out of the kainga. Yes, those who had canoes
took to them, and those who had none used their legs, and used them to
some advantage, for in less time than it takes me to write it the
whole of that congregation of peaceful natives had abandoned their
happy homes and fled.

Well, after my first burst of laughter was over, I began to count up
the cost of my stupid joke, and at once saw I was likely to have to
pay dearly for my fun. To commence with, my hut would have to be
rebuilt; but that was a trifle. What I had to fear was the censure of
the Government, as the Defence Minister was an old Scotsman, without a
particle of fun in his whole corpus, so was not likely to view the
scatterment of his most pampered tribe with equanimity, and visions of
reasons in writing and prosecutions danced before my eyes. It was
clear that the first thing to be done was to get the natives to come
back to their kainga; but how? I knew full well they would not suffer
me to approach within a mile of any of them, and although I had some
sterling friends among the fighting chiefs, yet, if I could not get
speech with them, so as to explain matters to them, their good will
would be of no use to me.

Fortunately, among the men dwelling at Ohinimutu was a Ngapuhi native,
and I engaged him to act as messenger; but, although he was a red-hot
Christian, nothing would persuade him to come near, much less touch,
the wretched toy. I, however, induced this man to go over to Mokoia
Island, see the principal tribal tohunga, and get him to come across
and interview me. Fitting him out with a gallon of rum and plenty of
tobacco, I despatched my Mercury and awaited his return in
trepidation. On the morning of the second day he reported himself, and
informed me that the tohunga awaited me, but that, as nothing would
induce the limb of Satan to land, I must go down to the lake, and he
would discourse with me from his canoe. So I had to go to the lake and
collogue with the old sinner from the point of a jutting-out cape.
After I had tried to make him understand the true state of affairs, I
produced the toy; but nothing I could say would induce him to believe
that it was composed of inanimate wood. No, he could see it move,
swore it was alive, and sternly refused to touch it, or even come
closer to me, so that he could examine it. At last, happy thought, I
suggested I should burn it. To this he consented. So, putting the
unfortunate crocodile on the top of a flat stone, I collected some dry
sticks and, with him watching every movement, constructed a funeral
pyre, and cremated the wretched toy to ashes. Then he consented to
land and came up to my hut, where he went through many incantations
and gesticulations, although he avoided touching or entering it.
Presently he turned to me and said: "This and all it contains must be
at once burned. Have you removed anything from it?" I had not; though,
expecting something of this sort to happen, I had taken every care
that my servant should do so, and that absolutely nothing of value
remained within it; so, like a Radical Minister, I only told half the
truth. "Set it on fire," quoth he, and this I did with equanimity, as
it would only give the Maoris the trouble of building me a better one,
so that in a few minutes not a vestige of my late mansion remained. As
everything that had been contaminated by the penny toy was now
supposed to be destroyed, the old tohunga consented to discuss terms
of peace, which consisted as follows:--first, that I should hand over,
privately, to the tohunga himself, one gallon of rum, three pounds of
tobacco and twenty-five pounds of flour, the said tohunga guaranteeing
to at once dream a dream directing the natives to rebuild my house,
with great rapidity. Secondly, that at the general tangi, to be held
next day, on the return of the natives, I was to provide ten gallons
of rum, twenty pounds of tobacco and half-a-ton of flour, all of which
was to be consumed thereat. And lastly, should I on any future
occasion go to Napier, and discover any more instruments of white
man's devilry, I was to bring them to him, when, with a little
judicious management, we could work many miracles to our mutual

All these terms having been agreed to, Satan's representative among
the Arawa departed, and the next morning all his congregation,
accompanied by many of their country friends, returned, when a big
tangi with much feasting and dancing took place; but even my very best
friends looked askance at me for a long time, while for some weeks the
majority of the women, girls and children would fly from me as if I
had the plague.

You must not think for a moment that this avoidance was caused by ill
will, or that the old chiefs bore me any malice for the shameful trick
I had played them, or that I was fined the rum, flour, etc., for the
evil I had done. Not a bit of it. I was mulct for my misfortune, not
for my fault. In their eyes no fault had been committed. If Moses
himself had returned to tell them I had played them a trick, they
would not have believed him. No; had they not seen the beast come out
of my hand at the very moment I was relating my dream? Trick indeed,
not much. They looked on me as an awful example of misfortune, and
therefore as a fit and proper personage to be politely robbed.

Yes, robbed. Had I been a Maori, not only myself but all my family
would have been robbed of every single article we possessed in the
world, in payment for the affliction of bad luck that had fallen on
me; but as I was a white man this could not be done, so I was fined.
For is not this in accordance with the ancient custom or law of Muru,
which authorises a man smitten by a sudden calamity to be plundered of
all he possesses? And what greater calamity was possible to mortal man
than to have an obscene lizard grow out of his hand? Therefore I was
fined. As for trick, nonsense! What man dare make fun of, or render
ridiculous, the dignity and majesty of the head chiefs of the Arawa

I think I may say a few more words on this extraordinary law of
muru--a law that Europeans regarded with laughter and contempt; yet it
worked very well among the natives, and should any family have met
with misfortune and the law not have been put in force against them,
they would have considered themselves not only slighted, but insulted.
It also, among others, contained one salient good quality, as it
caused all personal portable property constantly to change hands, for
the family that was plundered one day would, in the ordinary course of
events, rob some other family a few days afterwards, so that a canoe,
blanket or any household utensil might pass through many hands and, if
not worn out during its transits, might at last return to its original
possessor. Yet to a white man it did seem funny that a party of
natives _en route_ to visit another family, and whose canoe should be
capsized when landing, were not only robbed of their canoe, but that
the unlucky ones would have considered themselves insulted had not
their friends immediately annexed it.

I remember well that once, while on a journey to visit a pah,
accompanied by a chief of some importance, in fact he was a native
assessor--_i.e._ a sort of Maori J.P. appointed by Government--a very
queer illustration of the law of muru cropped up.

We were to inquire into some trivial case, the defendant being the son
of the chief of the place, and the utmost penalty not more than five
shillings. Just as we reached the pah my companion, who was riding a
fine, high-spirited horse, was bucked off, and while in the act of
rising received a severe kick on the croup. He was picked up with much
solicitude, all the natives condoling with him. The case was tried and
settled, the defendant being mulct two shillings and sixpence, and
next day, when about to depart, the horses being brought to the gate
of the pah, my companion's horse was not forthcoming. At once I
demanded the reasons why, and was informed it had been annexed as
muru, for throwing and kicking my unfortunate friend, who at once
acquiesced in the judgment and thanked the chief of the pah for his
courtesy in paying him such an honour.

Again I was on a visit to a pah situated close to the mouth of a
river, on the other side of which was another pah. One day my hosts
started out to shoot a huge seine net, and of course the whole
population turned out to assist or give advice. The noise, as everyone
yelled at the top of his or her gamut, was deafening. However, two
large canoes eventually got away with the net on board, and after
taking a bold sweep returned to shore and landed the sea end.
Immediately all hands, redoubling their yells, tailed on to the
hauling ropes and pulled and howled with all their might. Just as the
bag of the net came in view, a huge shark, that had been encompassed
in its toils, made a bold dash, broke the net and escaped, letting
out, at the same time, many large fish. The excited and disappointed
natives were just dragging the net and the still great remainder of
the catch up on to the sand, when their neighbours, apprised by the
yells that something unfortunate had occurred, dashed across the river
in their canoes, and after a sham resistance of a few minutes swept up
and carried off all the remaining fish. They might also have
confiscated the net, but did not, an old chief confiding to me that
the other side of the river was full of rocks, and not suitable for
seine netting; moreover, the net was broken and would require
repairing. Such was the law of muru.

Of course to yarn about New Zealand without saying anything about the
custom of Tapu would be on all fours with yarning about Rome and not
mentioning the Pope. So here goes for a few remarks about the ancient
but very confusing custom of tapu.

Anything animate or inanimate could be rendered tapu by the will, or
even touch, of a man who was tapu himself. Tapu might also render a
thing so sacred, or might render it so unclean, that to touch that
thing would constitute an act of unpardonable sacrilege, or cause the
toucher to be looked upon as so defiled as to be ostracised by the
whole community, although the act was done innocently and in

To break a tapu was looked upon, by the superstitious natives, as a
direct challenge to the greatly dreaded spiritual powers, and was
certain to bring swift and awful punishment.

A big chief was tapu, and if he went to war the essence of tapu became
doubly distilled, so much so that he could not feed himself, nor even
touch food with his hands. Nor could he even touch a cup or utensil
that did not actually belong to himself, for if he did so, the article
he used at once became so tapu that no one else could use it;
consequently it became either his personal property, or had to be
destroyed. This in a country where there were neither shops nor
manufactories was an impossibility, so that at meal-time a chief had
to eat apart, and be fed by either a girl or slave. Truly the sublime
approached the ridiculous, to see a grim, tattooed old warrior
squatting down, with a small girl throwing morsels of food into his
mouth, or with his head thrown back, and his jaws extended to their
full width, receiving a stream of water, poured down his throat, from
the spout of an ancient tea-kettle. Even an ordinary warrior, not
being a slave, lost his back when on the warpath--_i.e._ his back
became so tapu that he could carry nothing, much less provisions, on
it; and this was also very inconvenient when having to march through a
rough, bushed country, without waggons or pack-horses. Food could even
become tapu, especially that which remained from the portion served
out for the use of the chief, even though no part of his body had
touched it; and there is a well-authenticated case, that on one
occasion a slave, being on the warpath, found some food and ate it. No
sooner had he done so than he was informed it was the remains of the
dinner of the fighting chief. This news so horrified the poor
superstitious wretch that he was at once taken ill with sharp internal
pains, and died.

The Maoris always made their plantations in the bush, frequently at a
considerable distance from their kaingas, and these, after the
potatoes had been planted, would only be occasionally visited by their
owners, who, to protect them, would get the chief or tohunga to tapu
the plantation; and this being done, the produce would be quite safe
from the depredations of others.

About the year 1870 some six brace of pheasants were turned loose in
the Waikato district, and the principal chief put his tapu on them for
seven years. These birds increased and throve in a manner truly
wonderful. Not a Maori dare touch one, although long before the period
of protection had expired the birds had not only spread all over the
Waikato district, but also over all the adjoining ones. And they
carried their protection with them, for notwithstanding the fact that
they had become somewhat of a nuisance to the Arawa tribe, who were
not in any way subordinate to the Waikato chief, yet they respected
his tapu, and would have starved sooner than eaten them.

It was by making use of this tapu that the wonderful head of game and
fish at present in New Zealand has been reared and acclimatised.

Should a chief die within his whare, that hut and everything it
contained at once became tapu and was lost to use; for as soon as his
body had been removed, the door was at once blocked up, and the hut
with its contents allowed to moulder away, no one daring to touch,
much less remove, one single article. Tapu, therefore, in a manner of
speaking, was the antipoise of the law of muru, for if the enforcement
of the latter rendered the portable property of an individual or tribe
precarious, yet tapu made his title indissoluble; so the two laws or
customs got on very well together, and may exist to the present day.

I cannot leave my friends the Maoris without speaking about their
awful cruelty in torturing and killing their prisoners, and in the
foul massacres of helpless women and children.

Yet even in this there may be something said in their favour,
especially should you compare them, savages as they were, with the
human monsters that every Christian European country has produced,
when they would be found no more cruel or bloodthirsty.

Now I don't want to draw parallels in history, but it rather disgusts
me to hear Alva, Tilly, Nana Sahib, or even Te Kooti, run down, while
such a cold-blooded villain as Cromwell is extolled.

I was taught as a schoolboy to regard Tilly and Alva as the
incarnations of Satan; I suppose because they made it sultry for
Protestants; but it was not pointed out to me that at the very same
time Alva and his Spanish troops were making it hot for Lutherans in
the Netherlands, the English troops of Protestant Queen Bess were
perpetrating infinitely worse brutalities on the helpless Irish, while
the fiendish cruelties of Tilly's wild Croats and Pandours, at the
sack of Magdeburg, were equalled, if not surpassed, at Drogheda, by
Oliver Cromwell and his canting hypocritical Puritans.

I am myself an Irishman, a Protestant, a Unionist and an Imperialist,
just as ready to fight for our King and Flag as ever I was during the
forty years I passed on the Colonial frontiers, but I can blame none
of my countrymen for the hatred they feel towards England, provided
they fight like men and eschew all cowardly, underhand, secret
societies; and I am convinced it will require many centuries to roll
past before the recollection of the Penal Laws and the foul, savage
treachery of past English rule is obliterated, while the curse of
Cromwell will remain for ever. Nana Sahib and Te Kooti did not,
combined, kill as many helpless women and children as either Alva,
Tilly or Cromwell; yet, as they killed all they could, they cannot be
blamed for that, and I have no doubt that on their arrival in Hades
they were assigned just as honourable entertainment and particular
attentions as the aristocratic fiend, the priestly murderer or the
Puritan cut-throat.

It must also be remembered that the atrocities committed by Te Kooti
and his fanatical followers might be blamed upon the fiendish faith
they had adopted and had never been practised by the Maoris during
the previous six years of the war, also that they were more or less
fighting in defence of their country against invaders. Again, Te Kooti
had been the victim of gross injustice, at the hands of the Colonial
Government, insomuch as he had been transported without trial, and
that the evidence against him was not only insufficient, but was also
of such a nature that the law officers of the Crown could find no
excuse even to bring him to a trial, so that many of his brutalities
were prompted by a desire for utu, a custom universally practised by
the Maoris.

Please don't think I have written the above for the purpose of
deifying England's enemy, or to slander my own countrymen like a
Radical Little Englander, for I would have, at any time, blown the
roof off Te Kooti's head, or that of one of his followers, with as
little compunction as I have since shot a mangy jackal; but I have
written it simply to show that, if savage New Zealand produced one
fiend, in the shape of Te Kooti, Christian England produced a worse
one in the shape of that sanctimonious hypocrite, Oliver Cromwell, and
that therefore we should not endanger our own glass by throwing

I alluded just now to the custom of utu, which means payment or
revenge, and is very similar to the law of the Jews, that laid down
the maxim of an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth--an axiom which
the Maoris believe in thoroughly.

It was the practice of this custom that led to many of the sanguinary
combats and massacres that took place between the armed traders and
the natives during the first half of the past century. These traders
visited New Zealand and exchanged muskets, powder, ironware, etc., for
flax, whale oil, curios and men's heads. They were a hard-fisted,
lawless crowd, who, in their brigs or schooners, well armed with
musket, pike and carronade, would anchor in one of the splendid
natural harbours and begin their traffic with the haughty, warlike

Business carried on between such men as these often brought about a
row, which a musket shot or a slash from cutlass or tomahawk would not
improve, and the ship would then sail away, after most likely the
killing or wounding of some natives. The remembrance of the blood
spilt would be treasured by the Maoris, and the next trader who
visited that place would have to pay for the evil deeds of the
previous visitor. Now the Maori looked on all white men as belonging
to the same tribe, and the custom of utu allowed any man injured by an
individual to wreak his vengeance upon any member of the said
individual's tribe, provided his particular enemy were absent. In this
he was backed up by all the members of his own tribe, especially if
blood had been drawn; for tribal blood must be paid for with blood,
and no Sicilian clan ever carried out a vendetta more thoroughly than
a Maori hapu. This being so, the Maoris eagerly looked for the next
vessel, to take their blood payment for the blood spilt.

Knowing full well that their canoes and spears were no match for the
well-armed ship, they would bide their time and have recourse to
treachery. The white men would be received with apparent good will,
and, if foolish enough, might be lulled into a mistaken sense of
security. This being done, the majority of the crew would be enticed
ashore, where, taken off their guard, or separated, they would be
attacked, killed and eaten, while the ship, weakened by the loss of so
many men, was sometimes boarded and captured, the natives thereby
obtaining utu for the original injury done them.

Maoris were very punctilious about the honour of their tribes and
ancestors, this being carried to an extent almost ludicrous. _Par
exemple_, a year or two before I left New Zealand an old woman
belonging to one tribe was planting potatoes, and as she shoved each
tuber into the ground she called it by the name of one of the
principal living chiefs or dead heroes of an adjoining tribe. This
came to the ears of the said tribe, who immediately prepared for war,
despatching an ultimatum that, unless the plantation and all the spuds
it contained were at once destroyed, they would attack their insulting
neighbours. The _casus belli_ must seem very absurd to a white man;
but it was different to the offended tribe, as when, in the course of
events, the murphies became ready for the pot, the scandalous old dame
would be able to declare that she was not only devouring their living
chiefs, but that, vampire-like, she was feeding upon their defunct

I mentioned that the Maoris performed many splendid acts of courage in
getting away their wounded and even their dead. This was done not only
for love or comradeship, but to prevent the enemy from using their
flesh in lieu of butcher's meat, and also to save their bones being
turned into useful and ornamental articles by their opponents.

For instance, let us suppose that during some ancient war, the Waikato
tribe fighting against the Taranaki, the former should have killed and
captured the body of a great war chief whom we will call Te Rawa. The
flesh of the dead man, in the first place, would be eaten--a great
indignity--but that would not be the end of him, for the bones would
be preserved, and turned into fish-hooks, flutes and ornaments, the
teeth strung nicely on flax, making a necklace; and it was not
pleasant for the victim's descendants to hear that their revered
though unfortunate ancestor was still furnishing food and bijouterie
for the offspring of his slayer.

Now all the aforementioned useful articles were called by the name of
the man they had, in the first place, belonged to--in this case Te
Rawa. The owner of the fish-hook could boast that he was still eating
Te Rawa, as he would call all the fish caught by that special hook Te
Rawa. Then, pointing to the necklace, he might brag he was wearing Te
Rawa, and when inclined for music he would tootle on his flute and
proudly declare he was playing Te Rawa; so that the unfortunate
descendants of the poor old defunct, whenever they heard of this,
would have to blush under their tattooed skins at the very name of
their much-deplored ancestor.

It was therefore a most sacred duty to rescue a dead or wounded
comrade from the enemy, even when fighting against the white men; for
although the natives well knew that we did not use their defunct
relatives for rations, nor turn them into musical instruments, yet it
had become so strong a custom among themselves to guard against such a
possible catastrophe, that they still practised it although

I must revert once more to the custom of utu so as to point out the
fair-mindedness of the natives should this law be used against
themselves. Let me give you just one instance.

The circumstance took place after the capture of Ngatapa. Some 130 Hau
Haus had been taken prisoners, these being shot out of hand and their
bodies thrown over a precipice; but six or eight of them remained
alive, in our hands, as it was not certain they had participated in
the Poverty Bay massacre. They were confined in a hut awaiting trial
and, as all the murdered people were dead, it was a moot point whether
these fellows would not get off for want of evidence. One of the men,
however, whose relations had been murdered, determined that they
should not slip through the clumsy fingers of the law, as alas so many
of the blood-stained villains had succeeded in doing. He volunteered
to act as one of the guard round the hut and, borrowing another
revolver from a mate, he took the first opportunity to enter the hut
and deliberately blew out the brains of all the inmates.

This act of summary justice was fully approved of by the Maoris, as it
bore out the custom of utu; for if the defunct Hau Haus had not
murdered the man's family themselves, yet their tribes had done so;
and they considered it a square deal, as blood had been paid for by

I could yarn on about these queer people for hours and tell you of
plenty of other quaint customs, such as their wakes, marriages, etc.,
also about their industry and other qualities, good and bad, for,
faith! they have them mixed like all other people. But if you have
followed and appreciated my first attempt it will encourage me to
write more of my humble experiences on the frontiers of the Empire
with the old Lost Legion I love so well.



It was in April 1864 that Te Ua, the crazy founder of the Pai Marire
faith, despatched his apostle and prophet, Matene Rangitanira, to
convert the tribes of the Wanganui River to the new religion.

Now these tribes were divided into two sections, who, although closely
connected by blood, lived under separate chiefs, and notwithstanding
the fact that they were allied for mutual support against outsiders
still, like many European families, harboured jealousies among
themselves. There was also this difference between them: the Lower
River tribes had from the first always been friendly disposed towards
the settlers, or at all events had tolerated them, while the Upper
River natives detested the white man, although the latter had in no
way encroached on them, nor had they ever had much to do with them, as
their country was at a considerable distance from the English
settlements, the only means of communication being the river.

The Upper River natives were also, at this time, greatly enraged
against the white man and desirous of utu (revenge), on account of the
death of one of their principal chiefs, who had been killed the
previous year, together with thirty-six of his men, at the storming of
Kotikara. Matene, who was a member of the Wanganui tribes, arrived in
April 1864, accompanied by a party of Taranaki fanatics, at Pipiriki,
an important native village situated on the upper waters of the
Wanganui River, and began his mission.

At this place Mr Booth, the resident magistrate for the district,
dwelt, and although at the moment he was absent in the township of
Wanganui his wife and family, together with his brother and his
family, were there. Mr Booth was a most popular official with the
Maoris, and it is quite possible that, had he been at his post, he
might have been able to put a stop to the apostle's preaching before
it became too late; but unfortunately he was absent on duty and was
much delayed during his return journey by the paucity of water in the
river, so that it was the end of the month before he reached Pipiriki,
and the evil teaching had taken a firm hold on the natives.

Matene made such good use of Mr Booth's absence that in a few days he
had converted the great majority of the Upper River natives and had
erected a Niu (Hau Hau worship pole), on which Captain Lloyd's head
was suspended, and the tribe's men and women, mad with fanaticism,
danced furiously round it. During Mr Booth's slow progress up the
river the reports he received at every village he passed grew worse
and worse, while at Hiruharama the chiefs begged him not to go on, as
they warned him that the people farther up had joined the Hau Haus and
were all stark raving mad. Mr Booth, however, was grit right through;
his brother and their families were in direful danger and he
considered it to be his duty, both as a relation and also as an
official, to risk everything in trying to save them. He therefore
pushed on, trusting to his great influence and friendship with the
principal chiefs and tribes to pull him through, so as to enable him
to save his brother and their respective families.

On his reaching the landing-place at Pipiriki he immediately saw that
whatever influence and friendship he may have, at one time, held over
the people was a thing of the past, as, instead of the shouts and
songs of welcome by the women, and the gladful rush of young warriors
to haul his canoe up the bank so that he could land dryshod, all the
population lined the high river bank, making hideous grimaces at him
and howling like a lot of wild beasts.

Giving up all hope and expecting immediate death, Mr Booth sat quietly
in his canoe waiting to receive it with the calm courage of a British
pioneer, when suddenly a young but important chief, Hori Patene by
name, forced his way through the crowd of yelling savages and, jumping
into the canoe, started to tangi (shed tears of welcome) and rubbed
noses with him. When this ceremony was over Hori persuaded Mr Booth to
go home, and although he fully expected to be cut to pieces every yard
of the road, still accompanied and protected by the gallant Hori, he
succeeded in reaching his house, where he found his wife and children
more than half dead with horror and fear, expecting to be tortured and
brutally murdered every minute. No sooner had Mr Booth reached his
house than Hori started off and crossed the river, returning with Mr
Booth's brother and his family, so that all the whites might be
together, under his (Hori's) protection, or, if the worst came to the
worst, they could all die in company.

It was now sunset and the Hau Haus began their devotions, and, as the
Niu had been erected in front of Mr Booth's house, the unfortunate
inmates could not help seeing the awful cantrips nor hearing the foul
incantations. Huge fires were lit, and by their light hundreds of men
and women, in parties of about fifty at a time, danced round the pole
on which hung poor Captain Lloyd's head. Starting slowly and with
low-pitched but deep voices they began to chant the mystic words, Hau
Hau Pai Marire, while circling round the ring; but gradually, as the
spirit got hold of them, they put on the pace until, like a mob of
drunken demoniacs, they leaped, stamped and cavorted round the Niu
with foul, indecent gestures, grimaces and contortions of body, far
beyond the conception of an ordinary human being, while the mystic
words were howled out at the top of their gamuts, so that they
resembled a hideous phantasmagoria such as might be seen by a lunatic
suffering from a bad dose of d.t.

[Illustration: GATEWAY TO MAORI PAH.]

Hideous and disgusting as the contortions of the men were, those of
the women were worse; for no sooner had the spirit entered into them
than in their mad gyrations they leaped at the suspended head, trying,
with their teeth, to bite and worry the smoke-dried flesh and hair of
the unfortunate officer; and this they continued to do until at
length, foaming at the mouth and worn out with their crazy frenzy,
they either staggered from the ring or fell in convulsions on the
ground, to be dragged away by the next batch of worshippers who
were anxiously awaiting their turn. And this awful pandemonium went on
all through the night. Just think, my home-staying countrymen and
women, who sleep in peace under the guardianship of our splendid
police, what must have been the feelings of those English ladies and
men who, with their helpless children, had to witness such scenes,
knowing and fully expecting, as they did, that at any moment they
might be dragged out and, after they had all been subjected to
prolonged torture, should then be brutally murdered, with every
barbarity and indignity that fiends could invent or devils could

During the night a council was held and Mr Booth could hear the
Taranaki men who had accompanied Matene urging the Wanganui to torture
and kill himself and family. Nor did the latter seem to want such
urging, as of all his whilom friends only Hori and one other man spoke
on his behalf, contesting right manfully that the honour of the Upper
River tribes would be for ever disgraced should the white people not
be allowed to depart in safety, as they were tribal guests. For two
more days and another night the unfortunate whites were kept in
suspense, Hori and a few other young chiefs, whom he had persuaded to
join him, standing between the would-be murderers and their prey. And
these noble young savages eventually saved them.

It was near sunset on the last of these days, and after a very stormy
meeting had been held, that Hori rushed into Mr Booth's house, saying:
"At last they have consented to let you go. Come at once; leave all
your property to me; for they may change their minds any moment."
Immediately they jumped up and followed him down to the canoe
landing-place. _En route_ they had to pass through a swarm of armed
Hau Haus who had lined the high river bank, and while doing so Mr
Booth heard some of them say: "Wait till they get into the canoe and
then we will fire a volley so as to shoot them down in a heap." Hori
overheard the same remarks and said to Mr Booth: "Take no notice of
them. Go slowly until you are out of sight; I and my friends will keep
in the line of fire between you and the Hau Haus." This the gallant
young fellow did, and, as the murderous brutes dare not run the risk
of killing a Wanganui chief, Mr Booth and his party paddled out of
shot and reached the township of Wanganui safely the following night.

The above yarn is a true though short narrative of one of the numerous
attempts made by chivalrous Maoris to protect helpless white men from
the blind, ferocious fanaticism of Te Ua's prophets. Alas! it was one
of the very few successful ones, though many brave natives lost their
lives and suffered torture rather than give information to the Hau
Haus as to the whereabouts of white fugitives. Surely their names and
actions should be remembered.

Immediately after Mr Booth's escape Matene and the Taranaki Hau Haus
persuaded the tribes of the Upper Wanganui to attack, with the
intention of utterly destroying, the white settlers and thriving
township of Wanganui, situated close to the mouth of the river, and at
once all hands turned to, to prepare their war canoes for that
purpose. Before, however, starting on this expedition, they sent
ambassadors to their relations, the Lower River natives, so as to
inform them of their purpose, and ask for their co-operation;
announcing at the same time that, should their relations not care to
join in and make a family party of the expedition, they (the Upper
River natives) would still carry out their programme--viz. descend the
river and wipe out every white man, woman and child in the district!

These emissaries, arriving at Hiruharama, a village that may be called
the frontier post of the river tribes, delivered their cheeky message,
which to the recipients was intolerable, as the Lower River tribes
claimed the right-of-way on the river to the westward of Hiruharama,
and although it had been frequently attempted in times past, no war
party had ever, up to date, succeeded in forcing a passage, and none
ever should succeed, so long as a Lower River native warrior could
handle musket or swing tomahawk. This being the well-known
determination of the Lower River tribes, the chiefs at Hiruharama
returned an evasive answer to the Hau Haus, at the same time
despatching a fast canoe downstream, so as to warn all their friends
of the threatened eruption and give the tip to the white men of their
imminent danger. Then, not being in sufficient strength to withstand
the brunt of the encounter, the village was immediately abandoned, all
the inhabitants retiring downstream, collecting _en route_ the people
belonging to the pahs Kanaeroa and Tawhitinui; but on reaching Ranana
they halted, being joined at that place by the bulk of the warriors of
the Lower River. Close to Ranana was the island of Moutoa, a classic
battle-ground, every square yard of which had been drenched with
blood, shed in old-time wars, and on this island they determined,
should their relations attempt to carry out their threats and try to
force their way down the river, to resist them to the last gasp. In
the meantime the Hau Haus, uncertain as to what sort of reception they
would receive, were cautiously descending the river, and as they found
every village deserted they halted at and occupied Tawhitinui, which
was situated some two miles above Ranana and on the other bank, and
from this place opened negotiations with their relations.

The last few days had been passed by the white population in
consternation almost amounting to despair. The outlying farmers and
settlers, abandoning homes, stock and everything they owned, rushed
into town, where each man anxiously asked his friends: "Can we trust
the Lower River natives?" "Will they become converted and join the Hau
Haus?" "If so, what then?" True, they possessed one great factor in
their favour, and that was the firm and undeviating friendship of old
Hori Kingi Te Anaua (the paramount chief of the Lower Waikato), whose
name should be remembered and treasured by every white man, woman and
child on the west coast of New Zealand. For when the first settlers
landed at Wanganui, Hori, then the most renowned warrior on the coast,
had taken their leader by the hand, and declared himself to be the
friend and protector of the white man, and this promise the pagan
cannibal warrior carried out both in letter and spirit till the day of
his death. But then, alas! Hori by this time was a very old man, and
although the glamour of his great deeds enveloped the aged chief like
a halo, and his people regarded him as a being something more than
human; still, taking into consideration the astonishing way the crazy
Pai Marire faith had been accepted by the Upper River natives as well
as by many other tribes, it was very doubtful whether old Hori would
be able to restrain them at such a crisis. Moreover, all the Lower
Wanganui natives were strong supporters of the Maori King movement,
and many of their important sub-chiefs, especially Mete Kingi Te
Anaua, a chief only second to Hori in influence, hated the white men;
so that the settlers may well be pardoned for their consternation; as,
in case the Lower River natives saw fit to join their relations and
become Hau Haus, even should they (the settlers) successfully repulse
the combined native attack, and save their own lives, still the
township and all the outlying farms must go up in smoke. They
therefore made what preparations they could for defence and anxiously
waited the termination of the native runanga (meeting). As I have
previously stated, the Lower River tribes had massed at Ranana, the
Hau Haus occupying the adjacent pah Tawhitinui, and on 13th May 1864
the prophet Matene, with a numerous deputation of his newly made
converts, paddled over to Ranana to open negotiations.

Now it is quite possible, nay, even probable, that had Matene opened
the proceedings of the runanga with prayer and incantations, as does
the British House of Parliament, he would have succeeded in converting
the opposition party and so have gained his nefarious ends; but this
he did not do, as no sooner had the deputation been announced than
Matene issued this insolent ultimatum--viz. that they (the Hau Haus)
were determined to descend the river, peacefully if allowed to do so,
but otherwise would win through by force. Whoop, hullabaloo, that
ultimatum, short as it was, upset the fat into the fire and brought
Haimona, chief of the Ngatipa-Moana and a mighty fighting man before
the Lord, on to his feet, who replied: "Och it's force the river ye'll
be after, is it? Well, divil a drop of it ye'll mix wid yer whisky
beyand the island of Moutoa; mind yez that, ye black-advised,
audacious Hau Haus; but av it's a fight ye want, sure there's that
same island Moutoa, that's moighty convanient, and maybe ye'll not
want to go furder whin we've finished wid ye; so come on now,
M'Matene, Esq., an trid on the tail of me mat, ye ruddy heretic, or
get back to the ould Te Ua, an' may the cuss of Cromel rest on him and
his Pai Marire monkey tricks."

Now, as I am trying to be a truthful narrator, I am bound to confess
that the above is not a verbatim report of the oration spoken by
Haimona, although the sentiments expressed in it are exactly similar
and both contained a direct challenge; which challenge was immediately
accepted, and as there was nothing further to squabble about, both
parties went into committee to amicably discuss the coming fight,
settle the details and sign the articles, which were as follows:--

1. That a fight should take place the following day on the island of
Moutoa. 2. That the freedom of the right of road on the river should
be the stake. 3. Seeing that the combatants were closely connected by
blood relationship as well as by alliance, and that it would be bad
policy to weaken the fighting strength of the combined Wanganui tribes
by indiscriminate slaughter, it was therefore agreed that only 100 men
a side should take part in the combat. 4. That as the Lower River
natives were the owners of the island, they should land on the lower
end before daylight. That the Hau Haus should land at the top end at
daylight and that their disembarkation should be unopposed. 5. That
both sides bound themselves to refrain from all ambuscades, tricks or
trickery, but were to meet and fairly fight it out to the bitter end.

Next morning at grey dawn 100 picked men, of the Lower River tribes,
were ferried over to Moutoa, landed and arranged themselves in order
of battle, divided into two companies of equal strength, and each
company was told off into three subdivisions, these being led by
renowned warriors. The leading company or van was commanded by
Tamehana Te Aewa, who was also C.O. of the whole outfit, who had under
him Hemi Napi as leader of the right subdivision, Riwai Tawhitorangi
leader of the centre and Kereti of the left. The supporting company
was commanded by Haimona, but, through an error in tactics, it had
been located 200 yards in rear of the van, a distance far too great
for men armed with double-barrelled guns to render effective aid; and
this error nearly caused disaster. To the tick of time the Hau Haus
disembarked at the top end of the island but, alas! their pristine
chivalry had been already tainted by their infernal religion, as they
landed 130 men instead of the stipulated number, which was not
cricket. They had also a powerful moral factor in their favour--viz.
they (the Hau Haus) believed themselves to be invulnerable, while most
of their opponents more than half believed the same thing, so that,
notwithstanding their splendid courage and determination, very many of
the latter considered themselves to be hopelessly handicapped in
having to fight against men who were aided by angels. This nervousness
must have increased as Tamehana led the leading company on to the
attack, for when within thirty yards of the Hau Haus the centre and
left subdivisions fired a volley, of which every bullet flew wide, not
one single Hau Hau being hurt; of course this vile shooting had the
effect of confirming the fears of the Lower River natives and
exhilarating their opponents.

The latter made haste to return the volley, and just as they did so a
Roman Catholic lay brother rushed in between the combatants, exhorting
them to terminate this fratricidal strife. Poor devil, he met with the
end that many men who interfere with family jars do meet with, as the
volley finished him off before he could finish his first argument; and
it has often been a matter of speculation to me as to whether he was a
martyr or only an interfering busybody. This same volley also was a
most disastrous one for the Lower River natives: Riwai and Kereti with
many of their men fell dead, while the survivors of their own
subdivisions, disheartened by the loss of their leaders, and now fully
convinced of the invulnerability of the Hau Haus, broke their ranks
and fell back in disorder. Hemi Nape and his men, however, refused to
fly and in a few moments proved that at all events some of the Hau
Haus were far from being immortal, much less invulnerable.

Fine fighters Hemi Nape and his boys, were and well they bore
themselves, but alas! how could they, less than twenty in number,
withstand such overwhelming odds?--so that though they fought like
fiends incarnate still they were driven back and must have been
quickly wiped out. Help, however, was at hand, for suddenly old
Tamehana Te Aewa, with the roar of a wild bull, threw himself into the
vortex of the combat and, begorra! he made things lively. You see,
when the centre and left subdivisions gave way he tried to rally them,
but failing to do so he returned alone to the fight, so as to throw in
his lot with the lads who scorned to fly. Just at the moment he
arrived Hemi had ordered his men to take cover, but that did not suit
Tamehana, who charged the Hau Haus like a whirlwind and killed two of
them with a clean right and left; then, throwing away his empty gun,
he picked up a spear dropped by one of the dead men and drove it
through a third one's body, grabbing, as the dying man fell, his gun
and tomahawk. The gun was unfortunately not loaded, but he made use of
it by braining a fourth man with the butt and then sank the blade of
the tomahawk so deep into a fifth man's skull that as he tried to
wrench it out the tough handle went to splinters. Immediately he
seized his last victim's gun and was about to use it when a bullet
struck him in the arm, and he had just time to shoot the man who had
wounded him when another smashed his right knee to pieces and put a
termination to his day's sport. When he fell the Hau Haus made a rush
to finish him off, which rush was met by a counter-charge of Hemi
Nape's men, who, although they were all wounded, determined to die
rather than allow old Tamehana to be killed or captured. Led by
Marino, Hemi's son, for Hemi himself had been shot dead a moment
before, they threw themselves on the Hau Haus and made such a
determined stand that it gave time to Haimona with his supporting
company to come into action.

This grim old warrior had been originally posted too far in rear of
the van and had lost some time in rallying the fugitives, whom he
tongue-lashed out of their cowardly nervousness, his endeavours being
helped by the scornful yells and entreaties of the men and women
spectators, who, mad with excitement, watched the apparently lost
battle from the bank of the river. Then promptly adding the whilom
runaways to his own party, he rapidly advanced to make his effort.
There was no fear now of the late fugitives turning tail again, for
nigh crazy with shame and contrition, they would far sooner face a
thousand deaths than be branded as cowards through the length and
breadth of New Zealand.

Deflecting his advance to the right, he cleared the expiring struggle
in which the remnant of Hemi's men were still dying hard, and then by
a quick change of front to the left he outflanked the Hau Haus and at
close quarters poured in two death-dealing volleys that decimated the
fanatics. Then without a moment's delay "out tomahawks" was the order
and, led by Haimona himself, the new-comers rushed madly into the
fray. Immediately the aspect of the combat changed. Up to this time
the Hau Haus had had much the best of it, but now fickle Fortune
turned her back upon them and old Tamehana's bearsark rush, together
with the glorious stand made by Hemi Nape's men, were to reap their
reward; as from the moment Haimona's party took a hand in the game the
Upper River natives had to fight, not for conquest, but for their
lives. The volleys they had received had killed several important
chiefs and many men, while the furious charge of Haimona's party on
their left flank all but routed them; still they were Maori warriors,
as brave as any men on earth, and although broken and confused they
turned to meet the attack with the greatest courage.

Now began the last phase of a fight that Homer himself would have
loved to sing about. Howling for blood, Haimona's men rushed into
hand-to-hand combat. Both sides had discarded their guns, both sides
ceased from yelling as they came chest to chest, but the tomahawks
gave out a sharp click, as they clashed against one another in the
air, that provided the alto part to the sickening scrunch of the
inflicting wound, the guttural grunt of the wounder and the sobbing
groan of the wounded. Faith! it was a fine fight. The impetuosity of
the desperate charge bore the Hau Haus backwards, and in spite of
their furious efforts they were forced to continue the retrograde
movement, for the Lower River Maoris, fighting as they were with their
tribesmen and women looking on, outdid their best, while the men who
had previously fled, madly anxious to obliterate their shame, and who,
careless of wounds and death, only strove to kill, fought like demons.
The Hau Haus were therefore steadily driven back, and as the bloody
tussle continued they at last reached the shore of the island, when,
unable to make a stand, or retire farther, those that remained on
their feet were forced to plunge into the rapid current and attempt to
escape by swimming. Of these but few reached the opposite bank, and of
those who were lucky enough to do so twenty were captured by Mete
Kingi, who, with 350 Lower River warriors, had watched the fight.

The end of the prophet Matene brought the whole show to a tragical
finale. He had fought bravely through the fight; for, as it is only
right to give the devil his due, I may here state that all of Te Ua's
prophets were game to lead any cracked-brained exploit they might have
persuaded their misguided disciples to undertake, and consequently
vacancies frequently occurred in the apostolic ranks. Well, Matene was
still alive when the remnant of his men were forced into the river, so
he had to frog it with them, and was swimming away for all he was
worth when the eagle eye of Haimona spotted him. The chief turned to
his aide-de-camp, Te Moro, and handed him his bone mere (a short
battle-axe made out of whalebone and greatly used by the natives
before the introduction of steel-bladed tomahawks), at the same time
pointing out the fugitive and remarking: "There is your fish." In
plunged Te Moro, who, swimming rapidly, overtook his prey and grabbed
him just as he reached the bank. In vain the prophet tried to save
himself by his incantations: "Hau Hau, Pai Marire. Hau----" He gasped
the remainder of his discourse, being interrupted by a smashing cut
from the mere, and Te Moro swam back, towing the dead body, which he
threw down at Haimona's feet.

The fight being over, it was now necessary to count the cost. Out of
the 130 Hau Haus who had landed 70 lay dead, 20 badly wounded and 20
were prisoners, all the balance, with the exception of one who was
known to have made his escape, being probably more or less disabled,
were drowned. The loss of the Lower River natives was 16 killed and 50
badly wounded; so that it may be called a very good fight indeed,
second only to that remarkable combat between the two Kilkenny tom
cats--but then they were Irish, you know.

The result of this family fall-out effectually saved the white
settlers, as, in the first place, it put a limit to the spread of the
Pai Marire religion on the Wanganui River and prevented the Lower
River natives from casting in their lot with the Hau Haus, which,
probably, they would have done had Matene approached them in a
conciliatory manner instead of rubbing them up the wrong way, by
threatening to force the right-of-way on the river. The township was
saved, as were also the outlying farms and much stock, and the
settlers showed their appreciation of the Lower River natives' gallant
conduct by attending _en masse_ the obsequies of the chiefs and
warriors killed in the fight. This side show, as one may call it, to
the general war that was then raging all over the country was kept up
in a desultory sort of way and ended in so quaint a manner that I
think I may be pardoned for relating the facts.

After the gentle passage-at-arms on Moutoa, the discomfited, but still
bigoted, Upper River natives retired to their own country, halting
when they reached Ohotahi, a pah situated higher up the river but
close to Hiruharama. Here they fortified themselves, being allowed
ample time to do so by their chivalrous opponents, as it would have
been bad form and quite foreign to Maori war etiquette for one enemy
to attack another until the defenders had made everything ready for
their assailants' reception. It was therefore not until February 1865
that a strong party of the Lower River Maoris, under the command of
Honi Hipango, advanced up the river and commenced the siege. At the
first Honi gained some advantages, and a few men were killed on either
side, though much time was lost in ceremonious sparring; but at last
they really got to work, and Honi was preparing to rush the place when
he was mortally wounded. His death enraged his men, and the final
charge was moving forward when a woman came out of the gate, waving a
white flag; she was quickly recognised as being the wife of Pehi
Turoa, who in reality was the great ancestral chief of both sections
of the Wanganui tribe. The appearance of this aristocratic old dame at
once caused an immediate cessation of hostilities, the firing ceased,
and both sides, quitting their shelter trenches, met together,
squatted down and commenced an elaborate tangi (ceremonious weeping),
in which they mutually bewailed the killed on both sides; for the
reader must remember that both factions were closely connected by

The Lower River natives were now on the horns of a dilemma; eighty Hau
Haus were at their mercy, among them being Pehi Turoa himself, and
these unfortunates should, by all the rules of the game, be at once
immolated as utu for the death of Honi Hipango, Esq. But it was
impossible for them to slaughter, in cold blood, their own relations;
neither could they make their own kinsmen prisoners, especially old
Pehi, for that would smother themselves with dishonour, as it would
degrade their own great hereditary chief and a number of their own
blood relations to the status of slavery, which would entail shameful
ignominy on the whole of the Wanganui tribe. What then should be done
with Pehi and his party? It was a very hard nut to crack, and all
hands went into committee to solve the problem, which was at last done
in this way, Pehi himself being the fount of wisdom from which the
adopted suggestion emanated:

The old chief propounded that whereas, for reasons stated above, it
was inexpedient that himself and party should be knocked on the head,
or degraded to slaves, the only other course open was to let them go;
and that, as it was unseemly for warriors to promenade around the
country unarmed, it would be necessary for them to take their weapons
with them. And to this suggestion both parties gave a cordial assent.

A treaty was therefore made in which both factions resolved that they
would allow no religious rancour to disunite again the Wanganui tribe,
and that although each party retained the right to fight on the side
of either white man or Hau Hau, yet that said fighting must be enjoyed
outside their own country: and this compact was honourably kept to the
end of the war. Up till 1869 the Upper River natives as a whole sat
tight, then joined us so as to exact utu on Te Kooti for the murder of
one of Turoa's relations. The Lower River natives became our most
staunch allies, for being men of discernment they quickly tumbled to
the fact that it was far more humorous and better sport to fight
their old-time enemies, the Taranaki Hau Haus, and draw pay and
rations while enjoying their favourite "divarsion," than to stay at
home, or, like their misguided relatives, dance round a pole and howl,
"Hau Hau, Pai Marire."

I think before I terminate this yarn I may tell you about a rather
quaint incident that happened during the siege of Ohotaki, and as it
portrays an idiosyncrasy or trait in Maori character you will pardon
my doing so.

Well, one night a party of Lower River natives attempted to surprise
an outlying detached post they knew to be weakly held. They crawled up
to the place, and were about to rush it when a woman's voice called
out: "Take care what you do; Te Miere and Te Mokena are here"--these
being the names of two aged men at that time quite past fighting, but
who, in their prime, had been mighty warriors of great and bloody
renown. At once the storming party retired, for to have captured a
place the garrison of which contained two such notable veterans would
have injured the prestige of both parties in the eyes of the fighting
population throughout New Zealand.



Up to the year 1879 the Victoria Cross was not to be won by any
officer or man of H.M. Colonial Forces, although one civilian
(Cavanagh) had received it during the Indian Mutiny, yet in New
Zealand the greatest honour to be won by a Britisher was denied to all
but those actually serving in H.M. regular army or navy. This being
so, the New Zealand Government obtained royal sanction to issue a
similar cross, only manufactured out of gold and silver instead of
bronze, to be won by the Colonial troops, and this decoration is
designated the New Zealand Cross.

The yarn I am now going to spin you is how Trooper George Hill won his
while employed as a scout on the east coast.

In March 1869 the great hardships, the bitter weather, the large
number of wounded and, above all, the cowardice of our allies, the
Arawa tribe, by far the most pampered by Government, and the only New
Zealand tribe that can be called cowards, necessitated the Colonial
Field Force falling back from the high plateau of Taupo to Fort
Galatea to recuperate and refit. This gave Te Kooti leisure to look
around for more devilments, and he determined to strike another blow
at the settlements on the east coast. Calling a meeting of the Hau Hau
tribes at Ruatahuna, he proposed to attack the friendly natives and
the white settlers at Mohaka or Te Wairoa. The former place was chosen
and Te Kooti, with 100 bloodthirsty fiends, started to carry out the
raid. Crossing the Huiarau ranges they came to the Waikare Moana lake.
Here one of those chance occurrences happened that enabled the astute
Te Kooti to keep his hold over the superstitious natives. On reaching
the lake he issued orders that no man was to cross over before he did
so himself. This order was disobeyed, for a canoe full of warriors at
once started. The lake, a very large one and, like all others,
surrounded by high mountains, is subject to being swept by sudden and
heavy squalls. One of these overtook the disobedient warriors,
capsized their canoe and although all managed to get ashore, yet one
died from exhaustion, the remainder losing all their arms, food, etc.

Te Kooti took advantage of this disaster and made capital out of it.
He informed his men that the order he had promulgated had been issued
direct from God, and that the disobedient warriors had been punished
for non-compliance with it. Then, seeing the weather was propitious,
he entered a canoe and crossed in safety, his men following without
further misadventure. Te Kooti by doing so gained much credit in the
prophet line and stricter obedience from his superstitious followers.
The lake being crossed, they pushed on without delay to the Upper
Mohaka, surprised before daylight the Arakaihi village, and butchered
every soul in it, man, woman and child, with the tomahawk, so as not
to alarm some settlers on the other side of the river. When daylight
came they crossed the river and murdered with the greatest brutality
two white men with their wives and three little children, as also
they did another white settler who was unfortunate enough to fall into
their hands alive.

Not satisfied with his morning's successful battue, Te Kooti and his
gang, now increased to 200 men, hurried on to the Lower Mohaka, which
consisted of two friendly pahs, with a sprinkling of white settlers, a
public-house, store, etc. They arrived there early in the day and at
once attacked the smallest pah, known as the Huke Pah. The Mohaka
friendlies had received news of Te Kooti's rapid approach and had sent
messengers to warn the troops stationed at Te Wairoa, only nineteen
miles away, and the authorities at Napier fifty miles distant (of this
more anon).

Nearly all the Mohaka warriors were absent, and the garrison of the
Huke Pah consisted of six men and a large number of women and
children. One of the defenders, however, named Heta, was a grand
specimen of a Maori warrior, and under his influence they kept the Hau
Haus at bay all that day and night, and might have held out, had not
Te Kooti resorted to stratagem and by a foul piece of treachery
succeeded in entering the works early the following morning, when he
caused every living being, regardless of sex and age, to be massacred
in cold blood.

He then turned his attention to the other pah, Hiruharama, which was
garrisoned by only ten men, but also contained many women and
children. Here he again tried treachery, but this time failed, as the
defenders had seen what had happened at Huke and were determined to
die fighting. He therefore had to commence to sap up to the
palisades, which were old and rotten, but the nature of the ground,
very hard limestone, delayed him.

It was now that Trooper George Hill chipped in and took a hand.

Te Kooti's lightning raid had been well conceived and brilliantly
carried out, but luck was decidedly in his favour, as unfortunately it
so chanced that the officers in charge of the safety of Hawke's Bay
district were on the whole a very poor lot, as far as efficiency went.
Many of the regular Colonial officers had been killed or rendered
_hors de combat_ during the previous twelve months, the remainder were
with the Field Forces at the front, so that the duty of guarding the
settlements was left in the hands of the militia or volunteer
officers, and these were quite unfit to cope with Te Kooti.

They had plenty of good men, both friendly natives and volunteers,
with a sufficiency of Armed Constabulary (the Colonial Regulars) to
give them backbone, but the officers (unfortunately) considered
discretion to be the better part of valour and mistook timidity for
prudence, so much so that they missed their chance and covered
themselves with something like disgrace. At Te Wairoa the O.C. had at
his disposal 50 mounted men, 25 of whom were Armed Constabulary,
splendidly trained and mounted, the other 25 armed settlers, all good
men. He also had 200 friendly natives, and the whole of these men were
simply spoiling for a fight.

With one half of them he could have saved the Huke Pah, and cut up the
Hau Haus, very many of whom had sacked the public-house and were lying
about dead drunk; but he did nothing, for on receipt of the news,
which was quickly confirmed, and although he was quite aware of the
weakness of the pah's garrison, he asserted he still had doubts as to
the truth of his information and only despatched Trooper George Hill,
of the Armed Constabulary, to see if Te Kooti was really playing high
jinks at the Mohaka.

Trooper Hill left Te Wairoa, on horseback, and rode in the direction
of the Mohaka. About half-way he met two mounted settlers, Lamplough
and Burton, who, having heard of Te Kooti's advent, were doing a scout
on their own; these men at once offered to accompany him, and did so.
On reaching the vicinity of the Mohaka they dismounted, tied up their
horses and crept up a ridge from which they could observe the place.
From this point of vantage they could see the Huke Pah, with the flag
still flying, and also the puffs of smoke from the rifle pits of the
enemy, so that they were fairly able to judge the number of the
attackers and locate the positions they occupied.

As there could now be no longer any doubt that Te Kooti and his gang
were on the warpath, Trooper Hill, leaving the two settlers, both of
them good men, on the ridge to observe the enemy, mounted his horse
and returned towards the camp as fast as he could get his horse to go.
Unfortunately his horse knocked up, but just then he met three of his
comrades, who had been sent out to look for him. Despatching one of
them to Te Wairoa with his report, Hill and the other two men, Tew and
Mitchell, returned to Mohaka. Here they tied up their horses and
joined the settlers on the ridge, so as to keep the enemy under
observation and be able to supply the O.C. of the relieving force with

Of course the A.C. troopers never doubted that a relieving force would
be sent at once, probably wondered why there was not one on the job
already; but they were not accustomed to militia officers. Their own
officers had no use for timidity, and regarded prudence and discretion
as very good horses only to be trotted out at long intervals; anyhow,
not one of the men on the ridge would have believed an angel, had he
informed them that no relieving party would be sent at all.

The five men remained on the ridge till after dark, and then descended
to the flat where they had tied up their horses. They had, however,
been guilty of an act of folly, insomuch that they had not left one of
their number in charge of their mounts, for on reaching the place
where they had left them tied up they found one of them had broken his
tether rope and had levanted. As it was necessary to find the brute,
Hill and Tew started away on foot to do so, each man taking his own
line of search. The other men, instead of remaining quiet, waited a
few minutes, then mounted their horses and rode over the flat to
assist in the hunt. While doing so, in the pitch darkness, they
stumbled over Tew and foolishly challenged him in Maori. He promptly
answered with a carbine shot that killed Lamplough's horse. Burton,
fancying Tew to be a Hau Hau, returned the fire, his horse at once
bucking him off and galloping away. The third man, Trooper Mitchell,
hearing the firing and the galloping of the horses, thought they were
attacked by the enemy, so, shouting to Hill to run, he rode as hard as
he could in the direction he fancied his comrade had taken, in order
to assist him. He had not gone far when his horse turned turtle over
a flax bush, fell with him, getting away and galloping off. All of the
five men were now dismounted, each man thinking he was surrounded by
Hau Haus, so they all bolted for an adjacent flax swamp and hid in the
water all the remainder of the night--a just punishment for their
carelessness and folly. Daylight revealed the fiasco, and as they were
dismounted they took cover and waited for the relief party that did
not come.

Towards midday 100 Maoris turned up under the command of a grand old
fighting chief, Ihaka Whanga, but less than 30 of them were to be
relied on, the rest semi Hau Haus, as much to be feared as trusted.

At once the ridge was lined and Hill saw that the Huke Pah had fallen,
but that the Hiruharama Pah still held out though closely invested.
The garrison, seeing friends on the ridge, shouted to them for
assistance, as there were not enough men to hold the place should it
be rushed. Among Ihaka Whanga's party were twenty-five Mohaka men, and
these were the boys ready and willing to grasp at any plan, no matter
how desperate, to relieve their relations and save the honour of their
pah. George Hill was the man for the emergency. He explained the only
plan was to cut their way through the besiegers. He was game to lead,
were the twenty-five game to follow? Of course they were. So, without
any thought of prudence, discretion, or even modesty, Hill whipped off
his boots, tunic, and riding breeches, so as to be able to run the
better, and the gallant twenty-six, shouting their war-cry, charged
the Hau Hau rifle pits.

Yes, they charged and charged home, for they broke their way, by sheer
pluck and hard hitting, right through the ranks of the enemy (Hill
killing his man _en route_) and reached the gate of the pah, which
they entered, only two of them being wounded during the rush.

The men left on the ridge opened fire on the Hau Hau rifle pits, until
Te Kooti sent a party to take them in the rear, when the untrustworthy
natives all bolted, the four white men retired, and only old Ihaka
with two of his men were left. These three splendid warriors held the
position to the last gasp, then Ihaka gave the word to scatter and try
to get away. The two men were caught and killed, but the old veteran
managed to elude his pursuers and reach Te Wairoa in safety, where he
gave the O.C. his opinion of his conduct.

On Hill entering the pah he found it to be manned by small boys and
girls, standing on mounds of earth and stones to enable them to fire
over the parapet, and that even with his twenty-five men he had not
nearly enough hands to man the works. He at once went to the point of
the greatest danger, a bastion, and could hear the Hau Haus sapping
through the hard ground. He quickly noticed that the palisades were
rotten, so much so that if the enemy could sap near enough to throw a
pole, attached to a long rope, over the fence, a strong pull on the
rope would cause such a breach that a storming party could at once
enter, when numbers must gain the day. Fortunately there was in the
pah a number of oxen chains; the ends of these he made fast to the big
corner posts of the work, and passed the chains outside the weak
palisades, so rendering that style of attack abortive.

[Illustration: A MAORI GIRL.]

In the bastion with him he had only two men, two small boys and three
little girls, supplemented occasionally by the Maori clergyman, who,
between long prayers for the safety of his flock, hurled all the
vituperations and cuss words to be found in the sacred writings at the
heads of Te Kooti and his followers.

Hill, when he entered the pah, was famished for want of food; he
naturally asked for some, and was furnished with a cup of tea, one
biscuit and one apple. Surprised at such meagre fare, tendered by the
most hospitable people on earth, he asked for more and then
ascertained that the food he had just eaten was the very last
particles of provisions the place contained. But the garrison swore
that before they surrendered they would eat their own children rather
than let them fall into the hands of Te Kooti.

All the remainder of that day and the ensuing night heavy firing was
kept up, the Hau Haus attempting to tear down the palisades; but they
were, thanks to Hill's dodge with the oxen chains, unable to gain an
entrance, although the defenders had frequently to rush from side to
side of the works to oppose them. At daylight next morning it was
discovered the enemy had constructed a line of rifle pits, close to
the front face of the pah, on which were hoisted flags, and at
sunrise, with much bugling, volley after volley was poured into the
defenders' works.

Hill mustered his scanty and tired garrison to repel the expected
rush, and lay quiet, having directed his men to reserve their fire
till the rush was made.

After some considerable time had passed the flags were suddenly
withdrawn, the bugling and volleys ceased, and a dead silence ensued.
The defenders, on the qui vive for some fresh devilry, sat tight,
until one of them, unable to stand the suspense any longer, crept out
and crawled to the edge of the cliff to reconnoitre. He reached the
edge, took one glance, and was on his feet in a second, letting out a
wild whoop of triumph. Out tumbled man, woman and child; they lined
the edge of the cliff, and with one accord broke into a wild war-dance
(the parson leading), for still close, but in full retreat, they saw
Te Kooti and his baffled gang of murderers. Oh, but it was a glorious
triumph, and must be celebrated with befitting honours, that the great
false prophet with his much-feared, blood-smeared warriors had to turn
their backs on a nearly defenceless pah, whose garrison consisted
chiefly of women and children.

Trooper George Hill, however, had his duty to perform; he had no time
for feasts nor triumphs, for although the Maoris begged him to remain,
assuring him the roads would be ambuscaded, he caught one of Te
Kooti's knocked-up horses and started along the Napier Road, so as to
convey the intelligence that the Hau Haus had retreated. Twelve miles
along the track he met with the advance guard of the relieving column,
who had taken three days to do a journey that should have been
completed in eight hours. The men, mad with the procrastination and
incompetency of their officers, were nearly in a state of mutiny, but
it was of no avail; for although Trooper Hill reported Te Kooti had
retreated, and offered to guide the mounted men on his track, and at
all events regain the plunder, nothing was done, and the Hau Haus were
allowed to retire in peace.

There is no need for me to say any more about the officers, plenty was
said about them at the time they were incapable; let them rip.

Trooper Hill, however, did not think he had yet finished his work, for
as soon as he had snatched a bite of food he volunteered to go out and
scout for some of the unfortunate white women and children who were
known to be fugitives or hidden in the wild bush and fern ranges. This
he did, and succeeded in finding, relieving and bringing into safety
several of the wretched, starving creatures, who otherwise must have
died from privations.

Trooper George Hill received the New Zealand Cross, and I for one say
he richly deserved it, not only for the courage he displayed in
action, but also his gallant conduct saved the honour and repute of
the white man amongst the friendly Maoris who were disgusted by the
unfortunate behaviour of the officers.



Let me spin you a yarn of how a Maori was so imbued with fanaticism
that he faced in cold blood extinction for the same.

Many of the Hau Haus, bloodthirsty, cruel fanatics as they were, whom
the Colonial forces ruthlessly knocked on the head during the latter
half of the New Zealand wars, are just as much entitled to be enrolled
in the army of martyrs as are the early Christians or any other poor
devils who have perished by fire or sword for believing and sticking
to their faith.

Again, there are many instances of Hau Haus who were so strong in
their convictions that they of their own free will deliberately
offered themselves up to undergo the fiery ordeal by leaving their
harbours of safety and, unarmed, trusting alone to spiritual aid,
faced certain death; and I have never read of any persecuted
communities doing the same.

When in 1865 the Pai Marire religion was promulgated by a demented
Maori named Te Ua, the two principal promises held out to induce the
Maoris to join the new religion were: first, that they should be
rendered invulnerable in action; and, secondly, that they should be
granted the gift of tongues. They were also promised the assistance of
legions of angels, and that those white soldiers who were not turned
into stone should with the rest of the settlers be driven into the
sea, after which the natives should be given the knowledge of all the
European arts and sciences. Please note he made no promise about a
future state, nor, like Mahomet, did he invent any gorgeous paradise,
thronged with pretty girls, where free drinks would be served out _ad

Now these were queer promises to captivate a Maori warrior, as after
the first excitement there was but little in them to induce him to
abandon Christianity and cling to Hau Hauism. Let us take them
_seriatim_, remembering at the same time that the Maori is an astute
reasoner. First of all the promise of invulnerability. Well, that
would be all right so long as they only had to fight against the white
man, but the pakeha was to be driven out, and what would follow then?
War was the Maori's greatest pleasure, and each tribe hated his
neighbour quite as much as he hated the white man. Yet his neighbour
was to become just as invulnerable as he was to be himself. Where,
therefore, would be the fun if he could not kill his enemy, eat him,
nor turn his bones into useful and ornamental articles? Bah! the zest
of war would be gone. Then again the second promise. What on earth use
could the gift of tongues be to a man when there was not to be a
single foreigner left in the country with whom to collogue? As for the
other promises, they were not worth a row of pins, for if the warriors
became invulnerable they wanted no further angelic aid; and as far as
acquiring the arts and sciences went, so long as they could learn how
to make rum and grow tobacco, all the rest could go swing, they being
willing to live as their fathers had lived before them.

Now I am sure that if the natives had only reasoned as I have just
done they would not have thrown off their Christianity in such a hurry
and become stark raving Hau Haus; but they seem on this occasion to
have lost their wits altogether, for, carried away by the crazy
incantations of Te Ua's apostles, they not only embraced the new
faith, but believed in the truth of it, so much so that there are
plenty of instances of their laying down their lives for it--and no
man can do more.

Another wonderful thing is that even after four years' continuous
fighting, during which period the angel had not only failed to bear a
hand, but had not even rendered one man invulnerable, as apostle,
priest and warrior had been put out of mess by the white man's bullet,
still they were strong in their faith, and there are plenty of
instances of Hau Haus, believing in the promise of the angel, offering
their bodies as a target so as to prove the truth of their religion.
And now for the yarn.

The scene is a Maori kainga on the east coast of New Zealand, date
1869, time of day about 9 A.M. The village, composed of some twenty
huts, stands in a clearing surrounded by dense bush, and in the
foreground stands the Niu, the sacred pole round which the fanatics
perform their mad dances and mystic incantations. I said it was a
Maori kainga; so it had been, though the only Maoris at present inside
it are perhaps a score, and these lie about very dead indeed. The
remainder of its whilom inhabitants have fled away into the depths of
the bush and are safe from the pursuit of the strong party of
Colonial Irregulars, who, having, after a long, wearying night's
march, surprised and rushed the place at daybreak, are now in
occupation of it. These men, having eaten their frugal meal, and worn
out by their overnight's march, with the exception of the guard lie
around booted and belted and with their carbines by their sides,
trying to get what sleep they can, as at any moment they may again be
called upon for active service. On the low fence surrounding the Niu
ring, which is about thirty feet in diameter, the ground within the
magic circle being trampled as hard and smooth as stone pavement by
the feet of its former worshippers, lounge some half-dozen officers
smoking and dozing. The day is a fine one, the sun shines hot, the
white men rest, the Hau Haus, far away in the recesses of the bush,
bind up their wounds and talk of utu (revenge). No, not all of them,
for the undergrowth parts and out into the clearing strides a big,
stark-naked Maori, who, without paying the slightest attention to any
of the astonished and by now wideawake men, passes through them and,
without apparently seeing the group of officers, enters the Niu ring,
where, after saluting the pole, he prances slowly round it, chanting
in a minor key the words: "Hau Hau, Pai Marire" (Wind, wind, good,
peaceful), over and over again. Gradually he gets up steam and, paying
no attention to the throng of armed enemies who now surround the
mystic circle, he cavorts higher and faster, while his monotonous
chant is raised to the full gamut of his deep, bass voice. Presently
he foams at the mouth, his features become distorted, sweat pours
through his skin like water, on his hands held rigid his fingers
quiver, while with leaps and bounds his stamping feet beat time to the
chant of "Hau Hau, Pai Marire."

How long this exhibition would have continued the Lord only knows, for
it was brought to a sudden termination by a big Scotch Presbyterian
sergeant, who, being as bigoted as they make them, could not tolerate
the ritual of a foreign denomination, so he stepped out of the crowd
of men and, as the fanatic devotee pranced past him, he with a leg as
brawny as that of a Highland stot let fly a kick, at the same time
exclaiming: "Hae done, ye pagan, wi yer satanic cantrips." Out flew
the No. 12 boot, which, catching the unfortunate bounder fair and
square on the crupper bone, launched him through space till, the
momentum being expended, he landed on his nose at the Colonel's feet.

"Get up," quoth the O.C. in Maori, at the same time giving the
officious non-com. a look that made the ower-guid mon wilt. "Now, what
made you come here?"

The Colonel spoke the language like a native, and what he did not know
about Hau Haus was not worth learning, so he was not in the least bit
surprised when the somewhat blown native staggered to his feet and
answered him in perfect English: "I came here among you to turn you
all into stone, and should have done so had not that man, whose head
is fit to be boiled, interrupted me."

"Ah," replied the O.C., "I know you; you assisted Nama to torture
women and children at Poverty Bay."

"I did," triumphantly exclaimed the fanatic. "Sweet is the blood of
women and children." (Note this fellow had been mission bred and
educated, in fact had acted as a lay Bible reader.)

"Ah, is it," growled the Colonel. "Sergeant O'Halloran, detail four
men, take this fellow to that tree and do your duty."

The Sergeant saluted smartly, quickly told off four men, advanced to
his prisoner, whose arm he grasped with a shoulder-of-mutton fist, at
the same time exclaiming: "Come along wid me, ye bloody-minded

A few steps took them to the huge tortara-tree that had been pointed
out, against the trunk of which the Sergeant, drawing his revolver,
placed the Hau Hau. "And now," said he, "a Christian ye were wance,
and a bloody pagan ye are now, bad luck to the likes of ye, but ave ye
wist to recant and make yer sowl, sure it's foive minutes I'll give ye
to make it.--Fall in, boys, tin yards forninst us."

Now no good soldier man, be he regular or irregular, likes to make one
of a firing party, told off to shoot a man in cold blood, law or no
law, and it is usual in such cases to detail the worst characters in a
regiment to perform that obnoxious duty; but when it comes to letting
daylight into a fiend who brags of having tortured helpless women and
children, then no frontiersman jibs at making one of a party to do so.
Therefore, no matter how distasteful the job might be to any of the
four men told off on this special occasion, they fell in with great
alacrity and brought their carbines to the shoulder like one man.

"Hurry up, ye spalpeen, and make yer sowl," quoth the Sergeant.

"You can't shoot me," replied the fanatic, "the great Gabriel and all
his angels protect me; you can't kill me."

"Nabocklish" (maybe not), answered the imperturbable non-com., "but by
the holy poker we'll have a darned good try. Will yez call on the
blessed saints or not, ye contumacious blaggard?"

"Hau Hau, Pai Marire," shouted the fanatic, raising his arms,
stretching them to the full extent and turning the hands, palms
outwards, towards the firing party.

"Ah, thin ye won't," growled the now somewhat enraged non-com., "thin
go to hell yer own way. Ready!"

"Hau Hau, Pai Marire," yelled the fanatic.

"Present!" ordered the Sergeant.

"Hau Hau, Pai Marire," triumphantly shrieked the Maori.


"Hau Hau" bang came all together, and the misguided fanatic, smote
full in the chest by four sneider bullets, collapsed and fell on his
face as dead as Julius Cæsar.

Now was that Hau Hau, blood-stained brute as he undoubtedly was, a
martyr or only a bally fool? Remember, he had only a few hours
previously escaped from out of a sharp fight in which many of his
co-religionists had been killed, and after winning through to safety
himself he is so strong in his faith that he voluntarily returns alone
and unarmed to justify the truth of his conviction, although he well
knows he is facing certain death providing he be wrong in his belief.

You may call him which or what you please, but I maintain that he is
just as much to be enrolled in the army of martyrs as any of the poor
devils who were stretched on red-hot gridirons, or were put to death
in other unpleasant ways, for testifying to what they believed to be
the truth.



(_Told by the Old Identity_)

In Australia, during the early seventies, bushrangers were still to
the fore, who with cattle-thieves and hostile blacks made the
squatters on the back blocks keep their eyes skinned, and the banker
in the bush townships cash a cheque with one hand, while he kept the
other on his revolver.

True the mounted police were very good, none better, but, like the
British army, there were not enough of them, and the amount of work in
covering, protecting and patrolling such enormous areas of country was
far beyond what their limited number could properly do. Indeed, there
are plenty of well-known cases where the bushrangers have overcome the
police, handcuffed them in their own station, then stuck up the bank
and, after raiding the town, started off on the best horses in the
place and disappeared into the bush, not to be heard of again until
they bailed up a coach, or stuck up some station, perhaps 150 miles
away. Well, to get on with my yarn.

Some six and thirty years ago I was on leave in Australia, and was
putting in some of it as a guest on a large cattle run and sheep
station owned by two old friends of mine who had already become
wealthy men, and who owned an enormous number of cattle and sheep.

The house, like most of its sort at that time in Australia, was built
of split slabs of wood, with a shingle roof. It contained four
good-sized rooms and a very wide hall running right through it, which
was used as a dining-room and lounge.

The kitchen and offices were close to, in rear of the house, and the
men's quarters, stables, store and outhouses were near by. The whole
block of buildings stood in the open, and was surrounded by
wire-fenced paddocks, so that no one could approach within a long
distance of the house on any side without being seen. My friends' home
staff at that time consisted of six white men, all good and to be
relied upon, also two China boy-cooks, and a few aborigines (black
fellows) who were used as trackers and stock-riders. All of these men
were well armed, so that with our three selves we made a garrison
quite able to beat off any attack of bushrangers or blacks.

I had come up from Brisbane with one of the partners to join in
mustering semi-wild cattle, cutting them off from the bush by
moonlight and driving them into a mob of tame cattle driven along for
the purpose, and then forcing them into a run that led to the
stockyards, where they would be drafted and disposed of. There is no
more exciting work in the world for a good horseman who is well
mounted, can use a stock whip, and who puts no excessive value on his
neck or bones.

The cutting-out was to begin next week, and some of the best of my
friends' numerous and splendid stud of horses had been brought in from
the paddocks and fed up on hard food, so as to get them into good
fettle and wind for the work.

At Brisbane and all the way up by Cob & Co.'s coach we had heard
plenty of shaves about bushrangers, especially of one gang led by a
scoundrel called Ginger, who, having been hunted over the border from
New South Wales, was making things lively in Queensland; as if that
colony had not sufficient blackguards of her own growth to look after.
These shaves were confirmed at the small bush township, where we left
the coach, by the solitary trooper in charge there, who informed my
companion that the sergeant and other troopers were away on patrol
after this bounder.

There was no telegraphic communication in those days, and all the
information we could get was that Ginger's gang consisted of four, or
it might be eight, men. So our traps having been placed in a light
cart that had been sent for them, we mounted two slashing horses and
rode the forty miles to the station, my friend hearing the news from
his head stock-rider, named Blake, who had brought over the horses.
This man, a splendid stamp of a Sidney-side Colonial, was convinced we
should hear more of Mr Ginger, but feared we should be disappointed in
our muster, as our neighbours, having to look after their own homes,
would not come in for it.

Well, we reached the station, and I put in two days very contentedly
indeed, picking and trying my horses, selecting a stock-whip and kit,
and amusing myself generally, so much so that on the evening of the
second day, after a good dinner, when we were sitting smoking under
the verandah, I bothered my head not at all about Ginger. Presently
one of my friends looked up and said: "Hallo, here's someone coming,
and in no end of a hurry too." We looked and saw the township trooper
riding as fast as he could get his horse to travel towards us. He
reached us and dismounted, giving his pumped-out horse to one of the
blacks who had come for it, and took and drank thankfully the
proffered drink, then said: "Mr--Ginger is in the district, and I have
been riding since yesterday morning giving the squatters notice to be
on the qui vive. I left your station to the last, as the inspector
knows you are well armed and your men are to be relied on."

"Come and have something to eat first and tell your yarn afterwards,"
quoth my host, and we adjourned to the hall, where, after the trooper
had eaten with the appetite of a half-starved dingo, he informed us
that Ginger had reached the district, sticking up stations on his way,
and that the inspector with fifteen men were on his track. He had
evidently intended to stick up the township, but the arrival of the
police had prevented this, so he disappeared, and the inspector
thought he would make the attempt to break south again. He therefore
requested my friend for the loan of as many men and horses as he could
spare, so as to accompany the trooper and stop a gap called the
divide, through which the scoundrels might try to break, and where he
promised to meet them, during the next twenty-four hours, but at the
same time warned them not to leave their station short-handed, as it
was quite possible Ginger, close pressed, might try to stick them up
so as to steal fresh horses and food.

Blake was sent for, a short council of war was held and his proposal
that himself, two of the white men and two black trackers should
accompany the trooper was decided on. "And perhaps," said he, "the
Captain here would like to come with us; fighting is in his line, and,
my word! if we corner Ginger we shall have some."

Now Ginger was no business of mine, unless he attacked me; but, being
an Irishman, I could not let the chance of a fight pass, and although
my friends tried to dissuade me, I determined to go.

We were to start at midnight, so we who were to go lay down to get
what rest we could, leaving the others to get the horses ready for us.
At midnight we were roused up, and after swallowing a mug of tea and
some food, a hurried glance over my horse and kit, to see that my
water-bag was well filled and properly slung to the D's of my saddle,
we started.

We were all superbly mounted and well armed, each man carrying two
revolvers; I would sooner have carried a carbine, but I was dissuaded,
and we had cause to regret it. The fight might have finished much
sooner had I done as I judged best; but I was in what was to me a
foreign country and, having no official status, gave in to the others.
So we started, the blacks leading; and they did lead us. No sooner
were we clear of the paddock fences than we broke into a canter, and
made for a dense line of bushes about five miles off, and just as we
reached it the moon went down. I expected to see the blacks pull up
and walk their horses, but not a bit of it. On they went at the same
pace. The bush was some miles through, but no crow could have crossed
it in a straighter line than they did. On reaching the open ground on
the other side we halted and dismounted, for a short time, so as to
give our steeds a blow. It was now pitch dark, with not even the
glimmer of a star, yet no sooner had we mounted than we broke into a
canter again, and rode through open park-like country and bush till
the east began to lighten, when we pulled up at a small water-hole.

This was the spot our guides had aimed for, and it was at least twenty
miles from our starting-point, so it will give you some idea of the
marvellous abilities of these creatures. To be able to ride twenty
miles at a sharp pace, through trackless country, on a dark night, and
exactly strike the spot they aimed for, was to me wonderful. It may
not strike you so, but try it.

We off-saddled, rubbed down, watered and fed our horses out of their
nose-bags, then ate some cold mutton and damper, and dozed for a
couple of hours, leaving the blacks to keep watch over us and our
horses. Saddling up again we rode through clumps of bush and up gently
rising ground towards a range of heavily bushed mountains, some ten
miles off, through which ran the divide, or pass, we were to guard. We
halted when we reached the foot of the range, and took cover in a
small clump of bush, off-saddled and sent one black on foot to scout
the pass and find by the spoor if anyone had crossed it during the
last twenty-four hours.

Of course, being an utter stranger in the land, I knew nothing of the
lay of the country, nor even where the pass was; but a rather acrid
discussion took place between the stockriders, who declared we were
badly posted, and the trooper, who asserted we were not. Unable to
give an opinion either way, I was lying down with my head on my
saddle when we were roused by some shots. I jumped to my feet just in
time to see our scout burst out of a clump of bush and run like a hare
towards us, closely followed by four mounted men firing at him.

They were about 500 yards off, and had I had my carbine I could easily
have covered the black, and perhaps have ended the job there and then;
but my carbine was like the Dutchman's anchor, left at home, so there
was nothing to do but throw our saddles on and try to save him. Quick
and smart as we were, we were too late to save poor Tarpot, who was
ridden down and riddled. As each of us got into his saddle he charged,
and the bushrangers, seeing us coming, turned and galloped back to the
bush from which they had issued. I was the fourth to mount, and as I
galloped out of the bush I saw the three men in front of me riding in
file as hard as they could gallop, with as much as from twenty to
thirty yards between them. This was rot; as, if the bushrangers made a
stand on reaching their bush, as they were certain to do, they would
simply shoot us down from behind cover, one after the other. I
therefore shouted to the leading men to rein in and let us get into
line; but their blood was up, and on they went. I pulled out to their
left, and Blake and the remaining black pulled out to my left. We were
therefore in extended line, some fifty yards to the left rear of the
last man of the leading three who were in file. The distance was
short, and as we were all riding like fiends we soon crossed the open
ground between the two clumps of bush.

The trooper, who was the leading man, was within thirty yards of
entering it when I saw him throw up his hands and fall headlong from
his horse. In a second No. 2 had done the same, and a moment later No.
3 went down, horse and man. Myself and the other two, riding wide of
the line of fire, escaped and, although several shots were fired at
us, gained the bush unhurt. Then, being on equal terms with the
bushrangers, we wheeled our horses to the right and rode at them.

Just at this moment I heard shouts and shots going on close to, at the
other side of the bush, but had no time to inquire if it were friends
or foes. I spotted a horse's head coming round a tree-trunk, and was
ready for the rider. He appeared, and saw me; but I had him already
covered, and had the pleasure of seeing him lurch out of his saddle
and come a heavy crumpler. My mates were alongside of me, and we were
just going after another bounder, whose horse's hindquarters were
disappearing, when an officer and three troopers broke out on us, and
called on us to bail up. In less than a minute we explained who we
were, and I was just starting off after the fugitives when the officer
called on me to halt, and in a rather haughty manner informed me that
he was in command of the party, and that he intended to halt until he
had collected his scattered men, some of whom were wounded. As he only
stated the truth, I was not such a fool as to feel offended with him,
so I went with Blake to see if anything could be done for our fallen

The trooper and the first stockman were both dead, the third man was
unwounded, but his horse had been killed, and he had been knocked
stiff and silly by the heavy fall. However, after some water and a
stiff nip he was soon all right, and swearing he would make the
blank-blank-blankety-blank bounders who had killed his pet stock horse
and his mate sit up.

We quickly caught the loose horses and were soon joined by the officer
and his troopers, who were a very fine, smart-looking crowd, but, to
my mind, far too big and too heavy for this sort of game. They had two
of their number badly wounded, but had wounded and captured three
bushrangers, so that, with the one I had put out of mess, Ginger could
now have only three men with him. The officer, therefore, determined
to follow their spoor with our party and four of his own men.
Messengers were despatched to other patrols and to the nearest station
to obtain a conveyance for the wounded men, and we started under the
guidance of Jampot, our remaining black.

"Do you think he will be able to track them?" I asked Blake.

"My word," he replied, "Jampot has now a blood feud against Ginger,
and will follow him to the death. Ginger may turn and twist how he
likes, but unless he can grow wings, or kill Jampot, Jampot will kill

I had seen plenty of tracking in my time--I even had the cheek to
fancy myself a bit at it--and had seen good work done both by white
men and Maoris. I had even seen a tame black fellow after stray
cattle; but I was now to see a real warrior black, with a blood feud,
at the game. I expected a great deal, and I was not disappointed--in
fact I saw more than I had ever imagined to be possible. Well, we were
ready to start.

Jampot had made use of the time in transmogrifying himself into a
fiend, and he certainly looked a hideous nightmare in his war paint.
Jumping on his horse, he rode to the end of the bush, circled once or
twice to take note of the different spoors, then broke into a canter
and rode nearly due south.

Mile after mile he kept on, over all sorts of ground, through bush and
over hard land, never pausing for an instant.

"Do you mean to tell me that that black fellow can see spoor going at
this pace and over such ground as we are now on?" said I to Blake.

He only nodded his head and muttered: "My word!" This is a great
Australian expression, and will signify almost anything.

We came to a creek, and Jampot was off his horse in a second and was
examining the rocks round the water-holes. All at once he held up his
hand; Blake and myself went carefully to him.

Blake and he talked gibberish for a minute, then, turning to me, the
former said: "Jampot tells me one of them is badly hit and can't go

"How on earth does he know that?"

"He has seen blood on the trail and can tell by the tracks on these

"Tracks?" I said. "Where are they?"

He spoke to Jampot, who immediately put his finger on several places
on the rocks.

I examined the spots closely, but could see nothing, not even when I
used a prospecting-glass I had in my pocket. Yet this marvellous
savage could distinguish spoor with his naked eye, and had spotted
blood-marks on the trail while going at a smart canter in blazing
sunshine, where I could only now and then just barely see hoof-marks.
Jampot was now very keen to go on, so after we had given our horses a
blow and a few go-downs of water it was a case of mount and canter.

Away we went, Jampot leading; but now he went slower, and occasionally
swerved from his line, bending down and regarding the ground intently.
We had only gone a couple of miles or so when he turned in his saddle
and, with a grin on his face a fiend would have envied, pointed at a
small clump of bushes to his right front, and made directly for them.

Drawing our revolvers, we followed, to find him dismounted, bending
over the body of a dead man.

He was a fine-looking, clean-built young fellow, and seemed far too
good for the game he had been playing. But there was no time for
moralising; so, preventing Jampot from mutilating the remains, we
again mounted, broke into a canter, and went on.

The weight they carried had now begun to tell on the troopers' horses,
and they showed signs of having had enough of it: and presently we
came to a dead horse. He had been wantonly shot, and it made my blood
boil to see the poor brute lie there.

We were now approaching a long bare line of hills, and suddenly Jampot
let a yell out of him and pointed at them. I unslung my field-glasses,
and could see three men, dismounted, leading their horses, nearly at
the top of the range, and about three miles in front of us.

We at once gave our horses the spur and went for them.

They reached the summit, paused for a minute or two to give their
horses a blow, mounted and disappeared over the sky-line. We reached
the hill, jumped off, and hurried up it, leading our horses; but the
gallop had finished the troopers' nags, and when we got to the top the
officer found, with the exception of my party, he was alone. His horse
was done, and even the hard-fed, splendid mounts of myself and mates
had begun to show symptoms of distress. Quickly unscrewing the top of
my flask, I emptied the spirits into my water-bag, and forced my horse
to drink the contents. My comrades immediately followed my example and
the noble beasts soon bucked up.

In the meantime the sergeant had reached the top, and with the officer
and Blake held a consultation as to where we were, Jampot being called
on to assist.

He spoke to Blake, who turned round and ejaculated: "My word, those
hounds are making for Edwards' Station. It's only six miles off. The
men are away; there are women and children there, and fresh horses."

The officer at once said to me: "You and your party are the best
mounted and the lightest weights. Jampot may be able to take you a
short cut. Ride like fury. You may be just in time, and if it comes to
fighting you know all about that; but on no account leave there till I
come." He said something more about not letting the bushrangers get
fresh horses; but his words of wisdom were left behind us, for we were
off, and I had the wildest ride I ever had in my life. The slope of
the hill was steep and rough, but we tore down it at full pace.

Our horses, maddened with the spur, almost seemed to fly, clearing
rocks and fallen timber as if they were simply straws, while we,
rendered desperate by the thought of the danger of the women and
children, urged them on with voice and spur, though we wisely gave
them their heads and let their mouths alone.

They were all bush-bred horses, knew their work and did it without a
fault or fall, which would have been certain death to both man and

Well, we came to the foot of the hill and each man, taking his own
line, although Jampot still led, galloped through the bush, every man
riding all he knew.

Soon we came to the open and saw the house; yes, and we saw something
else, for in front of it stood three knocked-up horses with hanging
heads. A paddock with a heavy post-and-rail fence lay between us, so,
catching hold of our horses' heads, we sent them at it. Over we went,
in line, and charged for the house, a woman's scream causing us, if
possible, to put on pace. Just then we saw a man coming from the
stable leading three horses, and he saw us at the same time. Our
appearance, from an unexpected direction, must have rattled him a bit.
The horses he led, excited by the sound of our galloping hoofs, became
restive and started plunging, so he let them go as Blake rode for him.
I heard the pistol shots, but could pay no attention, as out from the
French windows rushed two men. They made for the horses, then, seeing
they had no chance, turned and opened fire on us.

The man nearest me had a big red beard, and I knew he must be Ginger,
so I rode at him. Jampot rode at him too, firing as fast as he could;
and this most likely upset Ginger's aim as, although I heard bullets
whistle past me as I lay on my horse's neck, I was unwounded. When I
was within twenty yards of him I fired twice and circled left, so as
not to crash into the house. Both shots took effect. He fell, and was
still trying to cover me when Jampot, jumping off his horse, rushed up
to him and shot him through the head. Blake now joined us, slightly
wounded, having accounted for his man, and we found our other mate on
the ground badly hurt; he had succeeded in also dropping his man, who,
preferring to be hung instead of shot, surrendered.

I entered the house and found the ladies unhurt but badly frightened.
They, however, with the self-control and handiness of colonial women,
at once set to work to tend the wounded.

Jampot was still amusing himself with the remains of Ginger, but, as
it is against my principles to allow heathen ceremonies to be
performed on a white man, no matter how big a blackguard he has been,
I made him desist and help me to look after the horses, the real
heroes of the play.

The China boy-cook came out of his hiding-place and started to cook
huge supplies of food for ourselves and the troopers, who turned up
soon afterwards.

A swim in a water-hole, a good dinner, a long sleep, and on the
following morning myself, Blake and Jampot returned home.



(_Told by the Kia Tangata_)

Scouting, like every other sort of business, has its ups and downs,
and a scout may often fail to obtain the information he has gone out
to gain, through no fault of his own. He may even lose the number of
his mess, be captured, or have to ride or run for his life,
notwithstanding the fact that he has played the right game from the
start, until something happens, and he fails, frequently through bad
luck, or because the vigilance of the enemy renders it impossible to
achieve success. It has been my lot, as it has been the lot of many a
better man, to fail frequently while scouting, and on more than one
occasion I have been spotted by the enemy and have had to ride or run
hard to save my bacon, without completing the duty on which I had been
despatched. A yarn about one of these occasions may amuse you,
although there is but little information as regards scouting in it.

It was in the year 1869 that we were after Te Kooti and the rebel Hau
Haus in the Taupo district, and were building a chain of forts from
Napier to Lake Taupo, so as to cut off the Uriwera and east-coast Hau
Haus from the King Country and Taupo rebels.

Lake Taupo is a huge expanse of water on the high plateau in the
centre of the North Island of New Zealand, and is fed by many rivers,
creeks and boiling springs; but there is only one outlet to drain off
its superfluous water, and this is called the River Waikato, which
debouches out of the north-east corner of the lake in a deep and very
rapid stream, running east, then bends north and north-west, forming a
big bow; then turning to the north it eventually makes a sharp turn to
the west, and flows into the Pacific Ocean south of Manakau Harbour.

This river, fed as it is from the big lake and also by innumerable
tributaries, is, although not very broad, a most dangerous one to
cross, especially while it is descending from the high plateau, as it
either rushes through high banks or tumbles in foaming cataracts among
large rocks until at last, as if tired with its exertions, it becomes
a well-behaved, navigable river, and forms what was in early times one
of the only roads into the interior of New Zealand; but during its
whole course from the lake to the ocean it is a dangerous one to play

On the precipitous south bank of this river, some 200 yards from the
lake, we were, in 1869, building a redoubt called Tapuaeharuru (the
Place of Sounding Footsteps), and it was from this fort that I was
ordered to ride to Te-Niho-te-Kiori (the Rat's Tooth), an enormous
pinnacle of rock that springs from the ground just where the river
starts on its long flow to the north. I was therefore, as it were, to
ride along the string of a bent bow and, if successful in reaching
this rock, to try and open communications with another column supposed
to be in its vicinity.

It was not what some people might call a safe journey: road there was
none, and the route I had to take was through country that, although
it could not be called mountainous nor thickly bushed, was covered
with manuka scrub and wire grass, with here and there a clump of heavy
timber, while an occasional column of snowwhite steam, rising into the
air, denoted a boiling spring. These columns were of different
magnitude, and as I knew which side of the river the principal geysers
were on, and their situation, as seen from the river and fort, they
proved most useful landmarks to me later on in the day.

At daybreak one lovely morning I plumped my saddle into a canoe and
was ferried across the stream, my horse swimming astern, and on
gaining the bank, after drying his back, I carefully saddled-up, lit
my pipe and, with a cheery "So long" to the men who had paddled me
over, mounted and rode away.

As soon as I was out of rifle-range of the camp I was in No Man's
Land, and every native I met would be an enemy. I had twenty-five
miles to ride to get to the Rat's Tooth, and had to depend entirely on
my own wit and the good qualities of my horse to save my hair, in case
I fell across any parties of wandering Hau Haus. My orders also
directed me to look out for any signs of the enemy, and in case I cut
a spoor I was to prospect it and try to ascertain if it were the track
of a Taua (war party) or not.

The horse I rode was indeed a noble brute. Standing fifteen hands, he
possessed every quality that a scout's horse should. Not only was he
very well bred, fast and strong, but he combined the manners of a
lady with the courage of the lion, could scramble like a cat and swim
like a fish; and all these qualities he was destined to display before
that day was over. As, if possible, I was to return the same day, I
rode light, carrying nothing on my saddle except half-a-feed for my
horse and a couple of biscuits for myself. I wore neither tunic nor
sword, but carried a carbine, with the usual revolver and knife, while
my dress consisted only of a smasher hat, shirt, breeches and boots,
with very short-necked spurs.

"There is nothing half so sweet in life as love's young dream," sings
the poet, but I'll gamble that a smart canter on a high-bred,
free-going horse beats dreaming all to fits, and is much better for
you. Anyhow I thoroughly enjoyed the first part of that ride through
the sharp, clear air, notwithstanding that I had to keep every sense
on deck, and my thoughts, concentrated by looking out for an enemy or
for hostile spoor, were occupied with far sterner matters than love or
dalliance. For the first six miles or so I made good progress, the
ground being fairly open and the obstacles quite insignificant; but
then I reached a part where a chain of heavily bushed hills ran on my
left hand for some miles, the river being six miles to my right. The
pumice-stone flat over which I was riding was here much cut up by
gullies running from the hills to the river; some of them containing
creeks, the remainder being dry, but all of them with nearly
perpendicular sides, which, except in places, were not to be
negotiated by horse or man. As the depth of them varied so did the
direction, some of them running into one another, while the others
ran direct to the river. These I had to cross, and it was very nasty,
dangerous work, in more ways than one.

First of all I had to look for a place where my horse could descend
into the bed of the gully, at the same time looking out for a place on
the other side up which we could scramble. This took time, as
occasionally I had to ride a considerable distance up or down the edge
before I could find a place suitable either to descend or to get out
again; and it would have been an act of madness for me to have gone
down into one of these ravines without having spotted a way of getting
out again. Yet, at the same time, cross them I must. Again I had to
make mental notes of every crossing, and take bearings, so that I
should remember each gully and how to get back. I never forgot for a
moment I was in an enemy's country and that perhaps my return journey
might be expedited by a taua; besides, I had to keep my eyes open for
an ambush, as it was quite possible I had already been spotted from
the hills, among which many Hau Haus might be lurking, as the Maoris
always make their plantations in the bush.

I had crossed some ten of these gullies when I came to a very big one,
about forty feet deep and perhaps fifty yards broad. With trouble I
could get down into this, but could not see, although I rode a
considerable distance along its edge, any way of getting out on the
other side. There was, however, another gully running into it that
apparently took a northerly direction--the way I wanted to go--and if
I entered this one and followed it I might be able to regain the
level of the plain farther on.

It was a very grave risk to run, but it was a case of Hobson's choice,
that or none; so, after a long look at the hills, to see if I could
spot any signs of danger from them, I hardened my heart, descended
with a nasty scramble and made for the entrance of the gully I had
seen from the plain. I had no sooner reached the mouth of it than I
reined up sharply, for there, clearly defined, and not twenty-four
hours old, were the tracks of at least twenty, perhaps thirty, horses
that, coming from the north, had turned to the right on reaching the
big gully and proceeded towards the hills. As there was no spoor
returning, it was evident that a number of the enemy must be located
in their bushed recesses, and, in case they should have spotted me,
they would most certainly do their best to cut me off. Yet, as their
horses had used the gully, there must be a way out of it, and if I
made a push for it I could take advantage of it to regain the level of
the plain; anyhow it was no use staying where I was. I must go back,
or go on.

Naturally, I was keen to complete my duty; so as soon as I had taken a
good look at my carbine and revolver I entered the gully and rode
forward at a steady pace. For nearly a mile it ran with a few bends
due north, the bottom of it being smooth and the sides perpendicular.
Then the bed began to rise with a gentle slope, until it eventually
rose to the level of the plain. Its width was in no place more than
ten yards across, and it had been formed by some convulsion of nature
that had caused the surface to sink, and it looked as if it had been
gouged out of the earth. There are plenty of these freaks of nature on
the Taupo and Kaingaroa plains, sometimes like the one I was in,
accessible at the ends, and others with precipitous sides all round.

Well, I had just got to where the gradual slope began when I heard a
row behind me and, looking round, saw over twenty natives riding as
hard as they could in pursuit. They were still some 300 yards away,
and as soon as they saw I had spotted them they started yelling like
over-tortured fiends. It was certainly time for me to hump myself, and
I increased my pace so as to put a greater distance between us, while
I rapidly thought out the best plan to shake off this undesirable
company. Had I been on open ground I should have regarded the
contretemps with placidity, and perhaps have enjoyed picking off a few
of these howling sinners, but, mixed up as I was among the network of
vile gullies, it was no joke, and the sun was on their side of the

The only feasible plan I could think of, was to follow the enemy's own
tracks, as where they had travelled with horses so could I, until I
was clear of these confounded gullies. You must remember I was quite
ignorant of this part of the country, never having crossed the river
before, and only knowing that if I kept due north I should cut the
river; and on its banks was the Rat's Tooth I had to find. The Hau
Haus, on the other hand, would know the country, and all the spots
where they could cross the gullies thoroughly, and would, of course,
try to cut me off. With these fiends in pursuit I should have no time
to look for crossing-places whenever I came across a ravine, and I
was sure these existed as far as the range of hills, which still
extended for some miles on my left, ran. Therefore I must follow the
natives' spoor, so as to strike their crossing-places, and make use of
them. Of course I might fall in with a fresh gang of Hau Haus, but I
had to risk that; needs must when the devil drives; and although I had
not Old Nick behind me in _propriâ personâ_, yet those who were, so
remarkably resembled him as to quite make up by quantity any
deficiency they lacked in quality.

I had not the least fear, bar accidents, of their being able to catch
me by riding me down, as my hard-fed, splendid-conditioned horse for
pace and staying powers was far and away superior to their
half-starved, grass-fed nags; and even if they had a good animal or
two, looted from settlers, among them, yet these would have so
deteriorated in their brutal hands as to be quite unfit to cope with
my gallant mount; besides, in a long chase, like this might be, riding
and handling would count a lot, and even if one or two did press me I
could back my carbine against their guns, as a Maori is a vile shot.
All these thoughts passed through my brain during the few minutes I
was galloping along the gully and gradually ascending to the level of
the plain. But Bobby Burns speaks the truth when he remarks that the
schemes of both mice and men are liable to go crooked; for my hastily
and maybe well-thought-out plan was all blown to blue blazes the
moment I emerged from the gully, as it was all I could do to swing my
horse to the right to prevent riding slap-bang into a big gang of
Maoris, some of whom were mounted.

This party were making for the entry I had just left, for as I shot
out of it the nearest of them was within ten yards of me. They
straggled in a diagonal line, about 100 yards long, across to what was
evidently the outlet to another gully, as in the hurried glance I took
of them I saw a horseman emerging as if from the ground. The presence
of these bounders, although not exactly astonishing, was most
undesirable, and I sent my horse along, so as to escape nearer
acquaintance with them; nor did they seem to be quite pleased with me,
as they all started yelling like fiends, and those who carried their
fire-locks capped at once fired them off in my direction, while with
one accord they all began to chase me.

It was high time for me to get out of that, but my horse's pace soon
carried me clear out of gun-shot danger, and I quickly edged away to
my left to try and find, when I reached the gully, which I knew must
be close in that direction, a crossing-place, so that I could get
round the enemy's flank and still carry out my duty. One thing I was
sure of, the Hau Haus would never give up the pursuit so long as there
was the ghost of a chance of catching me.

As I expected, I soon came to a ravine running east, towards the
river, and at the first glance saw that it was a teaser. Over twenty
feet in depth, its sides, composed of hard pumice-stone, were quite
perpendicular and unnegotiable, even by a monkey. I therefore had to
continue along the brink, while a loud, jeering yell made me
understand that the natives well knew there was no possibility of my
being able to cross it. I was annoyed, more than annoyed, and I
determined to solace myself by picking off one of the hilarious
bounders, but decided first of all to try the other flank. Letting my
horse go, I again crossed, diagonally, the enemy's front, only to find
myself, after a gallop of not more than 400 yards, brought up by a
similar gully. Again the jeering yell broke out, and I knew I was
cornered between these infernal ravines and the Waikato River.

I halted and turned so as to take a good look at the pursuing Hau
Haus, and determined to make it hot for the leading man, but was sold
again, as I found they had extended in line between the two ravines.
They were over a hundred in number, including at least forty mounted
men, these latter being scattered among the footmen, with the
exception of some eight or ten, who rode together about a hundred
yards in rear of the line, with the evident intention of strengthening
any part of it, should I charge and try to break through. This for a
moment I thought of doing, but on looking towards the spots where the
only two outlets I knew of were situated, I saw clumps of men
stationed at them, so I was convinced it was no use charging, at least
not at this period of the game.

The deliberate way the Hau Haus were advancing showed me that they
knew it was impossible for me to break away to either flank, and that
they were systematically going to pen me up against the river and try
to capture me alive. This I determined they should not do; somehow I
was convinced that my day had not yet come, and I had such an inner
conviction I was going to wriggle out of my scrape that I felt quite
easy about myself and only anxious about my horse.

The moment I halted the enemy began to poke fun at me. One shouted:
"Get fins, like a fish, for yourself and horse, then swim the river."
Another wag roared out: "Grow wings like a pigeon and fly back to your
home." This was advice which, although not solicited, could scarcely
be called rude. But another ribald ruffian was not only rude but
grossly personal, for, running out in front of the line, he howled
out, with the most insulting gestures: "Render yourself up to us; the
women are making ready the ovens, and I hunger for your flesh."

I shouted back, and my voice carried far in those days: "You whose
head is fit to be boiled" (the most awful insult in the Maori tongue),
"thou at least shalt not partake of the feast; go feed on the spirits
of your fathers." The old sneider carbine, though laughed at nowadays,
was true up to 300 yards, and the Maori was not more than 200 yards
from me. He had just begun to make some nasty, uncalled-for remarks
when I proved the correctness of my prophecy to him, by dropping him
in his tracks, thereby cutting short what might have been a most
eloquent oration.

A wild yell with a wilder volley answered my shot, and the line made a
kokiri (short charge) in my direction. I only lingered long enough to
shout in Maori, "I have caught the first man" (a most important and
lucky omen in Maori warfare), then turned and cantered away out of
rifle-range, as it would never do to have my horse wounded.

It was high time I should put on my considering cap and think out the
situation and my future movements. It would have been far more to my
advantage had they followed me in a straggling mob, as then I could
have picked off the leaders, and it would have denoted anxiety, on
their part, lest I should find some possible crossing by which I could
escape; but the quiet, methodical way they were going about their
business showed me that they considered my chance of getting away was
nil, and that they had made up their minds to risk nothing, that the
gullies could not be crossed, so that their intention was to drive me
before them to the river's bank, and hive me there at their own
convenience, the river being uncrossable.

But halt! Was the river uncrossable? I knew it to be a very dangerous
one, even for such swimmers as my horse and self, who together had
crossed many a bad river before; but I was also aware that the
natives' great dread of it was caused by superstitious nervousness,
just as much as it was caused by its actual dangers. Of course there
were very many parts of it quite impossible, but perhaps I might find
a place where a determined attempt would have a chance of success.
Anyhow I would go and have a look at it.

The river was not more than three miles from me and I cantered
steadily towards it, so as not to tire my horse, but still give me
time to examine the banks and select the best places to enter, and get
out of it, provided I should make up my mind to risk the crossing.

It did not take me long to reach the bank, and I rode along it from
one gully to the other. Both of these ran down to the water's edge,
and the bank of the river near both of them was fully twenty feet
high, and perpendicular; but half-way between them was a natural
depression in the plain, that ran at a gentle slope down to the bank,
where it was only four or five feet above the water, which was very
deep right up to the bank. This depression slanted upstream, a point
in my favour, and this was evidently the place I must take-off from.

The river was indeed a noble one, quite 200 yards broad, and evidently
of great depth. Its enormous volume of water, forcing itself along,
confined by the high banks, reminded me of a big fat boy buttoned up
tight in a suit of clothes far too small for him, wriggling and
writhing about, trying to make them more comfortable.

I next turned my attention to the other side, to see if I could spot a
place up which we could scramble. The far bank, though lower than the
one I was on, was still very steep, and I knew there must be a great
depth of water under it; but some 200 yards downstream the land ran
out to a point, and there was just the possibility of my horse finding
footing there. The current also seemed to set from my side of the
river towards this point, and if so it would help me enormously. I
tested this by tearing off a branch from a bush and throwing it in,
when I saw it rapidly swept towards the spot I hoped to make. The rate
at which it was carried also gave me some idea of the tremendous rush
of water, the surface of which seemed to writhe and winkle as if in
mortal anguish, while the numerous whirlpools informed me what a
furious undertow there must be.

Great was the risk we should run in attempting to cross, yet under the
circumstances I determined to run it. I felt certain I was not going
under that day, and anyhow a clean death in the sweet, cool water of
the river was far preferable to being turned into long pig by my
brutal pursuers. Then again they might kill my horse and catch me with
sufficient life remaining in me to make it worth their trouble to
torture it out of me. No fear, I wanted none of that; the river was my
dart, especially as my old nurse had always assured me of quite
another kind of death than drowning, and, sure, she was known in my
part of the world as a knowledgable woman.

The few minutes I had sat and watched the stream at the taking-off
place, I had talked to and explained matters to my glorious horse.
What's that you say? a horse can't understand you? Rot! you taxi-cab,
motor-busing new chum. A horse you have treated as a pal, and not as a
slave, will understand any simple matter you explain to him, far
better than the ordinary Englishman can understand the beauties of
tariff reform. Bear that in mind, you mud-splashing, dust-creating
greenhorn, if you ever want to become worth your salt on the frontier.
Anyhow, my horse understood me, and I rode up to the plain again.

The Hau Haus were not far off, and when they saw me regain the level
they evidently thought I had funked the river and was going to try to
escape on terra firma, for they saluted me with loud laughter and
jeers. Unbuckling my wallet straps, for I had them on my saddle,
although I had left the wallets themselves behind me, I carefully
fastened my carbine across the pommel of the saddle and also crossed
the stirrups. Then, as a farewell to my pursuers, I shouted: "O ye
slaves and dogs, I go to bathe in the Waikato; come with me, if ye be
not afraid." I turned my horse and, gripping my saddle, with thighs
and legs like a vice, I started at a canter down the slope,
increasing my pace and urging him on with my voice, until at last we
charged the river at full gallop. The noble animal knew well what I
expected from him, for as soon as I gave him his head he pointed his
ears and, gathering himself together at every bound, without a swerve,
the slightest balk, or the least hesitation, measured his take-off to
a nicety, and leaped far out into the air. I was quite prepared for
the plunge. I had twisted my hand well into his mane, and had taken a
deep breath as we made the spring. I felt the rush through the air,
and saw the shining water below us, that seemed to rise and meet us,
but I felt no shock; for although we must have raised the deuce of a
splash, and must have sunk somewhat, yet we seemed to come to the
surface immediately, and the first sensation I noticed was the current
tugging at me, as if trying to pull me out of my saddle.

We had taken the water exactly as I hoped we should do--that is, with
the horse's head turned well upstream--so that the tremendous force of
the current, although it swept us rapidly downstream, yet carried us
diagonally across it. My horse was swimming deep but magnificently,
and was not a bit flurried or nervous, and although the current kept
tugging at me I had small trouble in retaining my seat, while I eased
him in every way I could, talking to him and encouraging him the whole
passage. The crossing seemed to take but a very short time, and I saw
we should reach the bank above the point. I was very glad of this, as
the current ran round the point like a mill sluice, and I did not know
how it set on the other side, or what sort of a bank there was round
it. We neared the shore, and I turned the good nag's head towards it,
for him to make his effort, but feared the water would be too deep, as
although the bank sloped, yet from the water it looked very, very
steep. Just as we reached it I felt the noble animal give a tremendous
heave, with a mighty rearing plunge; his hind feet must have touched
bottom, for he landed with both fore feet on the bank. Like a flash I
was over his withers, taking the reins with me, and scrambled to my
feet on the slope. It was with difficulty I could keep my footing, but
I managed somehow, and, tugging at the reins, I shouted his name and
encouraged him all I knew. Gathering himself together, he made another
tremendous spring and, with me scrambling in front of him, in a few
bounds he reached the top, where I lavished much praise and many
endearments on him, these being cut short by the song of an Enfield
bullet as it whistled over us; so I led him under cover, loosed his
girths, unbuckled my carbine and returned at once to the bank. We had
crossed, they might try, and as I had had more of their company than I
desired, I intended my carbine to dissuade them; I examined its breech
and found that, notwithstanding its bath, it was in good working
order, so that was all right. My appearance was greeted with yells, a
straggling volley and a frantic war-dance. I never lack in politeness,
so, to return their compliments, I danced a step or two myself,
shouting, "Come to me, come to me"; then, dropping to a prone
position, I took careful aim at a Johnny who was executing a _pas
seul_. My shot spoiled his performance, for he sat down suddenly and
was quickly removed by his friends.

I have heard that actors retire gracefully from the stage when the
gods express their disapproval by heaving defunct cats and doubtful
eggs at them, but I should think they would greatly expedite their
movements if a man opened out with a carbine. Yes, they would quickly
leave a clear stage; at least it was so in this case, as the company I
disapproved of, cutting their dances short, dispersed in a moment,
taking their wounded man with them, and hastened in their exits by two
more bullets, both of which, I fancy, touched meat.

The Hau Haus having retired, I returned to my horse, removed the
saddle and gave him a good rub-down with a handful of fern; then we
lunched together. His oats were none the worse for their ducking,
while my biscuits, if pulpy, were palatable, and we enjoyed them. The
sun quickly dried me and we made for home. There was no chance of
reaching the Rat's Tooth from the side I was on; besides, I considered
it my duty to inform my colonel of the presence of the Maoris. Another
thing, what were they doing there? I suspected they had large
plantations of potatoes in that bush, and that when they blundered up
against me they were on their way to dig them up and had brought their
horses to carry them away on. If my conjectures were right, I now knew
where to find them.

After a hard, scrambling journey over fern ridges we reached the fort,
and I reported to the colonel, who babbled a bit at my failure to
complete my duty, but was quite pacified when I told him my
conjectures about the potatoes. He was not an Irishman, true, but he
dearly loved a spud, and if my ideas about them turned out correct,
the capture of these potatoes would be of enormous value to us, as the
Government were at their wits' end how to keep us and our horses
supplied with rations, while the loss of them, to the enemy, would be
very severe.

That night a strong force, on foot, under my guidance, crossed the
river and made for the big gully where I had first seen the spoor. We
made a smart night's march, hoping to surprise the enemy and catch
them on the hop. In that we failed, their outposts being well on the
alert; but in the ensuing skirmish we killed a few of them, captured
all their horses and an immense quantity of potatoes, large numbers of
these having been already dug up and packed ready for transport, so
that my friends the Hau Haus had worked hard for nothing, except our
benefit, and I felt very pleased. Was I spiteful? I wonder.

But somehow, now I have spun the yarn out, something seems to have
gone wrong with it; for when I come to look at the heading it
distinctly states that the tale is to be a yarn about the Scout that
Failed. And now I come to think it over, I was really not scouting at
all, but only trying to open communications with another column,
though to do that is certainly the work of a scout, and I moreover was
a scout, but yet I was not scouting. Then as to Failure. Sure if I did
fail to find the Rat's Tooth, faith! I found the spuds.

Therefore the title is a misnomer or I've put the wrong yarn to the
right title, or the wrong title to the right yarn, but anyhow,
failure or not, you've the yarn, so digest it and make the best of it,
as we did the potatoes; and I assure you there was no failure about
them. And as now this finale has bothered me as much as those
confounded gullies did, I must confess that after partaking of perhaps
too many of those spuds, and very good they were, I broke out into
poetry in honour of my glorious horse. I will only give you one verse,
so don't run away:

  "A man may love a bow-wow, or a man may love a girl,
  He may prate on points of pedigree, or rave about a curl,
  But a trooper can love both of these, in a tiny way of course,
  For most of his affections are lavished on his horse.
  Oh, some men love a steamer yacht, and some love jaunting cars,
  And I hear that in a big balloon men soon will visit Mars;
  But here's a toast you all must drink, refuse it if you can,
  A health to the noble warhorse, God's greatest gift to man."

Don't throw pannikins at me, but blame potatoes and ration rum taken
on an empty stomach. Good-night.



  "There's a sweet little cherub who sits up aloft
  And looks after the life of poor Jack."

By miraculous escapes I mean those escapes from death that have been
entirely engineered by the Power above, who has preserved the life of
human beings when they were utterly helpless, and who, for some
inscrutable reason, saves one life and allows others to be destroyed.

The yarns I am now going to spin will illustrate, I think, what I have
written above.

About midnight on 6th September 1868 a New Zealand Field Force, under
the command of Colonel McDonnell, consisting of 200 white men and 70
friendly natives, left camp, crossed the deep, rapid and icy-cold
River Waingongora, and started to attack Tetokowaru in his stronghold

I am not going to inflict on you the miserable yarn of the unfortunate
fight, as I have written it elsewhere; suffice it to say that the
great majority of the 200 white men were untrained new chums, and that
over 40 of them bolted at the first volley. The remainder stood their
ground, although they refused to extend; so we lost one-third of our
number, killed and wounded, in less than a quarter of an hour, and had
to retreat, leaving our dead and many wounded men behind us.

So that you can understand the position of affairs, I may tell you
that Colonel McDonnell, retaining the command of 100 of the white men,
had sent the remaining 100 under Major Von Tempsky, to act on the
right of his own party, and, as soon as he saw that nothing but a
retreat could save the remainder of his force, he sent Captain
McDonnell, his brother, to Von Tempsky with orders for the Major to
retreat at once, and join up with his own party.

This order was delivered, but a few seconds later the Major was shot
dead. Captain McDonnell then gave the order to Captain Buck, who
promised to carry it out. Captain McDonnell returned to his brother,
and the retreat began. Instead of immediately obeying the order,
Captain Buck endeavoured to recover the Major's body, and was at once
shot dead, without having passed the order on to anyone else. The next
senior officer, Captain Roberts, took command of the party; but, as he
was ignorant of the order to retreat, he still continued to hold his
ground, until he was informed by some of his men that the Colonel had
retreated. Joined by a few friendly natives, he retired by another
route, and led the remains of his shattered and worn-out party into
camp next morning.

Having given you a rough idea how things stood with our men on the
afternoon of the 7th (please remember the date), I will now start the

It was late in the afternoon when Captain Roberts began his retreat,
pursued by a party of Hau Haus. His men, nearly all new chums, behaved
badly; but with a few good men, and the friendly natives who had
joined him, he kept the enemy at bay till nightfall, when they drew

Now among his party he had a man named Dore, one of the Wellington
Rangers, and a new chum.

This poor fellow had his arm, just below the shoulder, smashed to
pieces by a bullet, fell, fainted from loss of blood, and was

When he came to, he found himself stripped of everything, with the
exception of his tattered and blood-stained shirt.

He must have been discovered by the pursuing Hau Haus, who had
evidently thought him dead, but who, although they stripped him,
forbore to tomahawk him or mutilate his body. This in itself was a
marvel, and shows that that sweet little cherub must have taken his
case in hand, as, with one other exception, the Hau Haus were never
known to omit tomahawking and mutilating a dead body.

The poor chap hid in a hollow rata-tree, and when it was quite dark
attempted to find his way back to camp. He, however, was a new chum,
knew nothing of bush work, and consequently lost his way, wandering in
a circle, and always returning to the vicinity of the blood-stained
pah and ferocious Hau Haus. This he continued to do for three days;
but on the evening of the 10th he managed to get out of the bush into
the open country, and made for the camp. All this time he had been
without a bite of food, with a severe raw wound, with only the
fragment of a shirt to protect him against the icy-cold sleet and
frost, and although all that time in the close vicinity of the Hau Hau
pah, he miraculously escaped being spotted.

As I said before, on the evening of the 10th he found himself in the
open country, and struck out for the drift across the flooded
Waingongora River. He remembered reaching it, then lost recollection.
How he crossed that drift, a very bad one even for a strong and
healthy man to tackle alone, is more than a miracle; but he always
asserted he was fired on while doing so, and fainted on reaching the

Here he was only two miles from the camp; but his mind became a blank,
for he wandered about till the evening of the 12th, when he was
discovered by a patrol, coming out of a clump of bush, and he was
brought into camp.

Now, just consider for a moment what this man Dore went through, and
what awful dangers he escaped. Badly wounded and found by the most
savage fanatics on the earth, yet, against their custom, they neither
tomahawk nor mutilate him. Then he wanders for over five days, through
bitter frost and cold, with an open and untended wound; he escapes the
notice of the enemy, crosses, while weak from the loss of blood,
starvation and pain, a most dangerous river, and yet, when brought
into camp, his wound heals long before those of men who are not nearly
so badly hurt, and who have not been through his awful experiences.
You may call it luck. I maintain it was the work of that sweet little
cherub, who, for his own reasons, "bossed up the whole show!"

In many of my yarns I have mentioned the massacre at Poverty Bay that
was engineered by that arch-devil, Te Kooti, and his gang of fiends,
called Hau Haus. On 10th July 1868 Te Kooti and some 200 Hau Haus
landed at Whare-onga-onga, having escaped from the Chatham Islands.
They had overpowered the guard there, seized the schooner _Rifleman_,
forced the crew to sail them to Poverty Bay, and had landed some
fifteen miles south of the white settlements. Owing to the criminal
negligence of the Government, who, because they wished for peace,
persuaded themselves they had got it, the defence force had been
disbanded, and even the arms and ammunition removed from the adjacent
districts, so that the settlers were almost helpless, while Te Kooti
was soon joined by all the restless fanatics in the country.

Major Biggs, who was in charge of the Poverty Bay district, made head
against Te Kooti, with whatever men and arms he could scrape together,
but with small success. He was also guilty of an unpardonable piece of
folly, as he allowed the settlers to remain on their scattered
homesteads, and delayed collecting them together for mutual support,
although warned to do so by friendly natives, who offered to assist in
building defensive works. For this delay he paid dearly, as he and the
whole of his family were surprised and, with the exception of one boy,
brutally murdered. It was on the night of 9th November that Te Kooti
made his raid on Poverty Bay. On that night Captain Wilson, second in
command, was sitting in his house writing, when a party of Hau Haus,
under a fiend called Nama, knocked at the door and informed him they
had a letter for him from Hirini-Te-Kani, the head chief of the
district. The Captain, however, had his suspicions, and told them to
pass the letter under the door, at the same time arming himself and
calling his servant Moran to come to his assistance. Moran slept in an
outhouse; but he succeeded in breaking through the enemy, and joined
his master. The Hau Haus, seeing they could not deceive the Captain,
tried to force the door open with the trunk of a tree. The Captain at
once opened fire on them, and forced them to drop it; so they then set
fire to the house.

The white men fought on until the house was in full flare, when
Captain Wilson accepted the Hau Hau offer of life for himself and
family, provided he surrendered. It was a choice of that, or being all
burned alive; and as there was a slight possibility of the Hau Haus
keeping their promise, Captain Wilson surrendered.

Carrying a little boy in his arms, and followed by his wife and Moran,
with the other children, three in number, if I remember rightly, they
were surrounded by the Hau Haus, who led them towards the river. _En
route_ he asked one of the natives where they were being taken to, and
was at once shot, from behind, through the back.

Staggering to a bit of manuka scrub, the Captain threw the child into
it, telling him to run, and in the confusion the youngster was not
noticed and hid in the scrub. At the same moment Moran was tomahawked,
and Mrs Wilson and the children were savagely treated, bayoneted and
left for dead. The children were dead, but Mrs Wilson still lived.

Te Kooti and his gang remained in the settlement till the morning of
the 14th--mark the date--plundering and murdering all the women and
children who had escaped the night of the 9th, and whom his men found
in hiding. On the afternoon of the 16th a small patrol from
Tauranganui visited the blood-stained settlement and found little
James Wilson hidden with a dog in his arms. The boy told them how he
was trying to get to Tauranganui to bring help for his mother, who was
lying wounded in an outhouse at their late home, but he had lost his
way. As well as he could, poor child, he also described his miraculous

He had hid in the scrub, but next day came back to the spot where his
family had been murdered. Here he found the bodies of his father, his
brothers, his sister and Moran, but not that of his mother.

He had then wandered back to his old home, hiding whenever he saw
anyone, and there, in an outhouse, had found his mother lying
dreadfully wounded.

The patrol went on to the house and found the poor lady in a dreadful
state, but quite conscious. She told them that after the murder of her
husband and children she had been most brutally ill-treated and then
left for dead. When she came to herself she struggled back to what had
been her home, and had taken refuge in an outhouse, where she had been
found by her little son, who had kept her alive by scouting for hens'
eggs or anything else he could find.

Now I call the escape of that child miraculous. For a helpless
youngster to get away in the first place is wonderful; but that he
should have been successful in evading the Maori search, of five days,
for stragglers, and after finding his mother, to have been able to
feed himself and her for seven days, with the food he scouted for, is
a bit more than miraculous, and I put it down entirely to that sweet
little cherub who sits up aloft.

Mrs Wilson and her son were removed to Tauranganui and afterwards to
Napier. For nine days after she had been found it was hoped she might
recover, but her injuries were too great, and she died shortly after
she reached the latter place.

The above short and very incomplete yarn may give you some idea of the
reason why we, members of the Lost Legion, so cheerfully underwent the
great hardships we did to revenge the Poverty Bay massacre of November


It is wonderful what a great number of good scouts and men have
jeopardised and even lost their lives and the valuable information
they have obtained, by a small act of folly, or by refusing to endure
hardships for a few hours longer, when by doing so they might have won
through safely and have brought to their O.C. the information he so
badly wanted.

I have known men who, despite years of experience, have rushed out of
their camp to tackle a lion with only the one cartridge that was in
their rifle; and there are plenty of men who go prospecting or even
big-game hunting and have their rifle and ammunition carried for them
by a Kafir boy. Trouble comes, the boy bolts, and they are in a mess.
Again, I have known men throw away ammunition and rations, rather than
endure the fatigue of carrying them on the line of march, and how
often has not a night's march or a premeditated attack on an enemy's
position been spoilt by some man lighting his pipe or letting off his
rifle that he has been told to carry unloaded?

The yarn I am going to spin you now will perhaps bear out what I have
just written, and though the man who committed the folly extricated
himself by a deed of heroism never surpassed and seldom equalled, yet
the act of folly he and his mate perpetrated might have led to the
loss of three lives, their own included.

It was in November 1865. The Hau Haus (fanatical and rebel Maoris) had
received a severe defeat at the hands of the Colonial forces and
friendly natives at Waerenga-a-Hika, which so broke them up that they
were unable to face the music in that district (Poverty Bay) for a few

Over 400 of them had surrendered. Of these some 200 had been
transported to the Chatham Islands, the remainder settling down
peacefully for a long time. There were, however, still a large number
of the most fanatical and bloodthirsty of the savages who, although
unable to make a stand, yet roved about the country in small bands,
seeking opportunity to destroy any white man or friendly native whom
they might come across.

Now among the Defence Force, scattered at posts built for the
protection of the settlers, was a big, raw-boned Irish sergeant named
Walsh, who had heard very many extraordinary yarns about some
petroleum springs at a place called Pakake-a-Whirikoka, situated some
thirty miles from the post he was in charge of. I do not know what his
reasons were; perhaps it was only curiosity, or perchance he had
ideas of becoming an oil king. But as things looked quiet and
peaceful, he determined to visit them, and persuaded an old settler
and his son, named Espic, to guide him to the locality.

Well, they started early in the morning, the time being summer and the
weather very hot, and after a long ride of nearly thirty miles reached
the steep hill leading to the springs. Here they dismounted, and,
because they had seen no signs of the enemy, decided to leave their
horses in charge of the boy, while they went up the hill, on foot, to
examine the springs.

This in itself was an act of folly; but they went one worse, for, the
weather being hot, and meaning only to be absent a very short time,
they left their carbines, coats and all their ammunition at the foot
of the hill, rather than endure the slight trouble of carrying them,
and started the ascent with only their revolvers.

Now they had been spotted by one of these bands of Hau Haus, who, as
soon as they saw the two white men go up the hill, crawled up to the
horses and captured them, with the arms and ammunition. The boy,
however, although fired at, escaped and got away. The Hau Haus,
thinking they had their prey secure, tied up the horses to a tree, and
went up the hill after the white men, who, having heard the shots,
were returning.

As soon as they met, the natives fired a volley, which broke Espic's
arm and wounded Walsh on the forehead and hand. The white men returned
the fire, and in the skirmish that followed Walsh was again wounded
and, the white men's revolvers being now empty, the Hau Haus, nine in
number, rushed them with the tomahawk, to finish them off.

In the hand-to-hand scrap that ensued Walsh was again twice wounded;
but he still fought on, and a Hau Hau, determining to finish him, put
his cut-down gun to Walsh's chest and fired.

Fortunately the bullet must have fallen out of the gun, as Walsh only
sustained a bad burn on the chest. Springing in, he felled his
assailant with a tremendous blow from the butt-end of his revolver.
This was too much for Maori superstition. That a man whom they had
badly wounded five times should be able to continue to put up a fight
was bad enough; but that he should be able to floor their best man
just after that best man had shot him through the chest was more than
any decent Hau Hau could understand. Leaving the horses and the
stricken man behind them, away they fled, only too anxious to put as
great a distance as they could between themselves and the awful
tohunga (magician), who refused to be killed. So much for folly and
pluck. Now I will go on to endurance.

No sooner had the astonished and affrighted Hau Haus bolted than Walsh
and his mate kicked their prisoner into convalescence and proceeded
down the hill, where they found their horses tied to a tree, but the
carbines, ammunition, and even saddles, taken away. Both men were
badly wounded, Walsh in five places; but he would neither kill his
prisoner nor let him go. Passing a rope round his neck, they made
shift to mount their horses, bare-backed, and, forcing him to
accompany them, they led him that long, hot ride of thirty miles,
back to Tauranganui, where they arrived that night. Yes, faint though
they were with the loss of blood, racked with the pain of untended
wounds, without a round of ammunition, and hampered by an evil brute
of a Hau Hau, who did everything in his power to retard their
progress. Yet they would neither kill him nor let him go.

That I think is a yarn that illustrates folly, pluck and endurance.



If you look at the map of the middle island of New Zealand you will
see the north coast of it, washed by Cook's Straits, is deeply
indented by fiords running inland, and that Tory Channel and Queen
Charlotte's Sound are two of the principal ones.

These run in separately for some miles, and then join together and
form one sound, which continues for a considerable distance, having on
one side, some miles farther south, the important seaport of Picton.

The island, surrounded by the water of the aforementioned fiords, is
known as Alapawa or Arapawa Island, and in the year 1872 was divided
into two sheep runs and occupied by two firms of squatters who had
already acquired a large number of sheep.

The scenery up these fiords is magnificent, the densely bushed
mountains coming down to the water, which is deep to the very shore,
so much so that the largest ship can sail close in and, if her skipper
wants to, can make fast to the big trees growing down to the water's
edge. The tide runs up and down these fiords at a tremendous rate, and
this must be remembered when you read the yarn I am now going to spin

Arapawa Island is a range of high mountains, and on the side facing
Queen Charlotte's Sound I was staying at one of the sheep stations
for the purpose of recuperating my health after a rather long spell in

The year before I had foolishly got in the way of a small piece of
lead that, being in a hurry, was travelling very fast. I had stopped
it, and had been punished for my imprudence by having to lay up while
doctors sunk shafts and drove drives in my corpus and generally
prospected me for a lead mine.

True, they had not struck the reef; but then they had not succeeded in
killing me, and when I got out of their hands I called it a drawn
game, and started to get well in my own way.

The shafts and the drives had filled up, and I had finished the cure
by staying two months in the glorious climate of the sounds, first
knocking about in a sailing-boat in the management of which I was a
dab, and then assisting my friends by running over the hills after
sheep. This exercise, with plenty of good mutton and damper,
turning-in just after dark, and turning-out just before sunrise, had
perfected my cure, and I was as strong as ever, and in good training.
At that time I neither used spirits nor tobacco; I was as hard as iron
and as tough as whipcord, and had, moreover, practised swimming,
boxing, fencing and other gymnastics from early childhood. The awful
hardships of the past wars had done me no harm, but rather good, as
they had squeezed the last soft drop out of me, and I was fit for

I should have rejoined my troop on the frontier of the North Island a
fortnight before, but waited to help my friends through with their
yearly mustering and sheep-shearing. Hands were scarce, and I had
never before seen a muster or sheep-shearing, so, my traps having been
sent on to Picton, I waited for it. Well, the shearing was over and
the men temporarily taken on for it were paid off.

In those days, on the last night before the extra hands were dismissed
it was considered the right thing to do for everyone to go on a big
burst, and men who had worked hard for weeks, and not touched a drop
of spirits, would get blind drunk. So it was at this station, with the
exception of myself, who did not touch grog; all hands, masters and
men, had a tremendous burst, drinking up every drop of strong rum laid
in for the occasion.

The following morning at daylight I started for Picton in a boat,
accompanied by one of the partners and four of the extra hands, all of
whom were what is known as suffering a recovery, which means they were
very ill from the effects of the previous night's debauch. I had
roused them up, got the boat out, and we started on as lovely a
morning as I ever saw in my life. My crew, very ill and sulky, lay
down in the bottom of the boat, a roomy craft of about twenty-three
feet in length, and tried to sleep.

Well, we made our offing, the sun rose very hot and the wind died
away. It was by this time slack water, and, as the men refused to pull
an oar, we lay motionless. Suddenly I noticed the day darken and the
mountains of Arapawa Island covered with a dense black cloud that was
rolling rapidly down them, and knew in a moment we were in for a
southerly buster.

The air grew rapidly colder, and I shouted to the men to get up and
shorten sail; but they would not move. I saw what resembled a dense
cloud of dust raised off a very dry road in summer-time coming at us.
In a moment it was on us; it was a spray torn from the sea by the
force of the squall, and it stung and blinded me. As the squall struck
us broadside on, it simply sunk us, turning us over at the same time.

I stuck to the tiller until the boat turned turtle, when I was, of
course, thrown out, and was swimming at her stern as the keel rose
from the water. The boat had a very deep false keel, and I saw that
everyone had got hold of it. Just as the squall was thinning the boat
rolled over and righted herself, and in the lull I shouted to the men
to leave go their hold on the gunwale and join me, so that we could
try and swing the stern to the wind, when perhaps one man could get in
and bail her out. But they would not listen. They all tried to
scramble into her at once, and over she went again. This happened
twice, and I could not get the men to obey me, or try to do anything
to save themselves. They all seemed to be mad with fright; one even
kicked savagely at me as I tried to get him to leave go his hold on
the keel. I saw the only chance to save my own and their lives was to
try to swim ashore, and get help and another boat from the station.

I had at least two miles to swim; and that in the teeth of a southerly
buster, which I could see was now coming on in full force. I was
dressed only in a thin flannel shirt and trousers; the latter I easily
tore off, but I determined to keep on my canvas shoes, as I would have
a long run round the beach to get to the house--that is to say, if I
ever got on shore. This was very problematical, as not only had I the
gale to contend against, but I knew the bay and sound swarmed with
sharks; and the evening before I had sat on a rock and shot at the
brutes as they were tearing to pieces the bodies of a lot of old and
worthless sheep that had been killed and thrown into the sea.

Well, the sharks would have their chance at me now, and turn and turn
about is only fair play. In tearing my trousers off I sank a bit, and
on coming up I shouted to the men I would try to bring them help, and
started. Just then down came the true gale. The wind rushing through
the tops of the mountains struck the water as if forced through a
funnel, and tore it into foam and spray, which not only blinded me,
but simply drove me under the water, and I quickly saw I must dodge
the fierce blasts by diving. I was a very powerful swimmer and had the
lungs and wind of an ostrich, so that, whenever I saw a cloud of water
dust coming at me, down I went and swam under water for all I was
worth. Then, when I had to come up for air, if there was a lull in
between the squalls, I would strike out with a good long side-stroke,
and make all the way I could.

This sort of thing went on for a long time, and I thought of and used
every dodge I had ever learned or heard of to save my strength and use
it to the very best advantage. My long experience in scouting and
despatch-riding had trained me to think quickly and to act decisively.
I was as cool as a cucumber and as hopeful as a boy setting out to rob
an orchard. The water was warm. I was in splendid fettle, and I had a
wild feeling of elation, as I dodged the squalls, that was simply
grand, although my eyes ached and smarted with the spray. If it had
not been for the danger of my helpless mates I should have simply
revelled in my struggle against the elements. As I rose for air,
during a lull, I took a good look at the land, and was surprised at
the very rapid progress I was making.

For a minute I could not understand it. I was certainly drawing more
under the lee of the land, and the squalls were not so fierce as at
the first start, but still I was quite a mile off, and they were bad
enough; but all at once I understood what was befriending me; it was
the tide.

It had been slack water when the accident had happened, and the tide
had turned and was simply helping me all it knew; now I felt certain
of getting ashore, bar accidents. Yet, bar accidents, I was all right;
but there were other things also, as I quickly discovered, for when I
determined it was no longer necessary for me to dodge the squalls, and
had settled down to a long, steady side-stroke, I glanced to my right,
and there, not thirty feet from me, was a long, triangular fin
sticking out of the water, which I knew belonged to a shark of the
largest size. Instinctively I turned to the left. There was another
one; and as I raised myself in the water and looked astern of me,
there was a third.

To say I was in a funk is not to tell the truth; funk does not fully
describe my feelings. I knew what funk was; I had been in a funk
before, plenty of times. I had been in many a tight and hot corner
before. I had often looked at what might be certain death, but then I
had weapons in my hand and the prospect of a good fight before I went
under; but now I was helpless. There was to be no fight, there could
be no fight. I had not even a knife, and had I possessed one I was
outnumbered and outclassed.

As I trod water for a few moments I knew what real fear was. I had
never felt it before, and, thank heaven! I have never felt it since. I
can't describe my feelings, and I would not if I could. Certainly it
was not the fear of death that caused these sensations; but it seemed
so hard that I, who had almost overcome my danger, should be turned
into long pig for a beastly shark.

But my cowardice did not last long. I was still at least
three-quarters of a mile from shore; the good tide was still sweeping
me in, and my wild Irish blood all at once boiled up in me. My duty to
myself and mates required me to get on shore, and get on shore I
would. If a shark took me, well and good, kismet. Stick to my work I
would, shark or no shark; so I fell into my stroke, and swam as if
there had not been a shark within a degree of latitude of me, escorted
by a guard of honour I never want again.

Yes, I got ashore, those d--d sharks keeping company all the way; and
when my foot hit bottom and I stumbled through the shallow water and
fell on the sand there they still were, cruising about, not a
stone's-throw away, as if they were the most harmless beasts in the
ocean. Why did they not go for me? I don't know; certainly my time had
not yet come, kismet. As soon as I had taken a few breaths I looked
for the boat, but could not see her for the dense spray which the
gale, now at its worst, was kicking up; so I started to run the four
miles round the bay to the station. The rough beach and rocks soon cut
my soaked shoes to pieces and, as the soles became detached, I had to
run with bare feet, and suffered awfully. Fain would I have halted and
rested, but my mates' danger spurred me on, and I ran as if a Maori,
with his tomahawk, were after me.

I came to the head of the bay and suddenly remembered that between me
and the house there was another very deep indent of the sea. At the
mouth it was not more than 250 yards across, but it ran very far
inland, and with my feet in the state they were it would take me hours
to get round. No, I must swim it; and I was just plunging in,
notwithstanding the squalls, which were tearing the surface of the
water into dust, when I was struck with the horrid thought of sharks,
and for a moment I paused like a coward on the brink.

It was only for a moment. Curse the sharks! my mates were on the boat;
and in I went and crossed after a hard swim. To get to the house,
rouse up the other partner and the one remaining man, and to get out a
small whale-boat did not take many minutes. We manned the boat, peaked
the oars and ran before the gale. We came up to the derelict in
mid-sound, rolling over and over, but not a sign of a man was on her,
nor was a single body ever found. We ran across the sound, beached the
boat, and, when the gale subsided, pulled back.

This is, I think, the nearest call I have ever had, and if there is
any moral in my yarn it is to leave drink alone, keep in training, do
your duty by yourself and mates, and trust to your luck while doing
so. Since then I have always hated sharks. The curse of Cromwell be on



(_Told by the Old Identity_)

It took place in the early seventies. I was in Australia, and was
temporarily in command of a body of Mounted Police, doing duty as gold
escort--a very necessary precaution in those days. On one occasion I
was travelling up-country, accompanied by four troopers, when a big
squatter, a friend of mine, asked leave to ride with my small party,
as he was carrying a quantity of gold up-country with him to his
station. Of course I was delighted to have his company, and we set

All along the road there were plenty of shaves (rumours) of
bushrangers, but for three days we never saw one. At noon on the
fourth day we halted at a bush shanty to feed, water and rest our

The bush shanties, in those days, were as a rule vile poison shops,
the owners and their employees being usually hand in glove with every
scoundrel, cattle thief and bushranger in the country, giving them
information as to the movements of the police, and in many cases
sharing with them their plunder.

However, with a party like ours there was nothing to fear, at least so
I thought; so when we dismounted and handed over our horses to the
troopers to lead to the stockyards, some little distance from the
house, myself and my friend entered. It was a long, one-roomed
building, with a bar running the whole length of it, and the only door
at one end.

There was no one inside but the bar-tender, as hang-dog-looking a
ruffian as I have ever set eyes on. Foolishly, as it proved, as I
entered I unbuckled my belt with sword and revolver attached and threw
them on a bench by the door. Then we strolled together to the far end
of the bar and, hot and thirsty with our long ride in the burning sun,
called for drinks.

Glasses in hand, we stood with our backs to the door, and were just
about to sample our poison when we heard the ominous words: "Bail up!"
Turning round, I saw a wicked-looking devil standing in the doorway.

He had me covered with the heavy revolver he carried in his right
hand, while its mate, ready for action, was gripped in his left by his

He was a well-made, tough-looking chap, very muscular and strong,
without carrying an ounce of superfluous flesh, and dressed in the
ordinary up-country dress. His face, clean-shaven, was covered by a
black mask, but I noticed a well-cut mouth, a determined chin, and his
eyes gleamed through the holes of his visor with a glint there was no
mistaking, while the hand that held the gun was as steady as a rock.

Then I realised that he was between me and my weapons, which lay on
the bench by the door.

A man who has passed years in bush-fighting, scouting and
despatch-riding thinks quickly and acts decisively. Had there been the
slightest tremor in wrist or lips I should have slung my glass at
him, and risked a rush; but there was not a sign of a tremble, and I
knew that the slightest hostile movement on my part would not only
lead to my certain death, but would be quite useless.

My friend and the villainous bar-tender, the latter with a broad grin
on his ugly mug, had at once bailed up, and as there was no chance of
help from my troopers, who by that time must have off-saddled and be
attending to the horses at the stock-yard, some way off, I knew we
were cornered and beaten.

"Captain," said the bounder, "I guess I've got you. Bail up."

"I'll see you d----d first," I replied.

"I've got you," he retorted, "and I'm on the shoot. Sling your money
on the counter, and"--this to my friend--"sling that bag down too."

The squatter was standing with his hands above his head, so evidently
could not do so, and the bushranger said to me: "Captain, sling that
bag over here."

"Rot!" was my discourteous reply; so he turned to the blackguard
behind the bar, who was probably in league with him, and said, "Joe,
you do it." And the bag was promptly thrown to him.

Then he said to me, and I noticed he changed his voice, dropping the
Yankee slang and idiom he had previously used, and speaking with a
well-modulated and refined accent: "Captain, I don't want anything
from you." (This was just as well, as I had nothing.) "But," he
continued, "how long start will you give me?"

I said: "Five minutes."

"Word of honour?"


"So long." And with that he backed out, and in a moment I heard the
beat of a horse's hoofs starting at a gallop. My friend was raving
mad, and wanted me at once to alarm my troopers, but I said: "No;
you'd got your gun with you just now, why did you not use it?" When
five minutes had passed I gave the order to saddle up; but of course
the man had got clear away. I never knew who he was, but a man shot
shortly afterwards by one of my troopers was believed to be he, and
most probably was.



(_Told by the old Kai Tongata_)

It was in June 1869 that Te Kooti, chief of the rebel Hau Haus, caught
a party of mounted volunteers on the hop, at a place called Opepe, on
the high plateau near Lake Taupo. The men, worn out by a long march,
and soaked through by the cold winter rain and sleet, had taken
shelter on some old whares (huts) and were trying to dry themselves
when a few Maoris came up, and, declaring themselves to be friendlies,
joined them at their fires.

More and more of them gradually arrived, until the volunteers were
outnumbered, and then, on a signal being given, the natives sprang on
their unsuspecting victims, and the tomahawk did the rest. The victors
did not stay long at the blood-stained spot. They knew that Colonel
McDonnell, Colonel St John and, worse than anyone, Major Ropata Te
Wahawaha, with his friendly Ngatiporou, were not far away, and that it
behoved them to hump themselves and travel before the avengers could
reach them. Some of the volunteers had escaped, and two of them joined
up with Colonel St John's column, with which I was serving, the same
evening as the massacre took place.

It was at once boot and saddle, and before nightfall we had marched to

Colonel St John had reached the spot before us, in fact the men cut up
belonged to his column, and he had only left them the morning of the
massacre to rest themselves and horses, while he went on to visit a
Maori chief about ten miles away.

Next morning we were on the spoor, and followed it through rough
pumice-stone gullies for some miles, in pouring rain and sleet, then
lost all trace of them in a dense scrub of manuka bush, so we returned
to Opepe for the night.

The following day it was determined to send scouts out to find where
the enemy had retreated to.

We had followed Te Kooti since July 1868, when he had escaped with 160
fighting men from Chatham Islands, had landed at Whare-onga-onga,
close to Poverty Bay, and had gathered all the disaffected Maoris in
the country to him. He had sacked Poverty Bay, murdering about ninety
helpless settlers. He had fought us twice at Makaretu and innumerable
other places, had captured a convoy of ammunition, had fortified
himself at Ngatapa, where he had repulsed, with heavy loss, two
assaults and had only evacuated the pah when starved out for want of
food and water. And although we had, in the pursuit, captured and
killed 136 of his men, yet he himself escaped and reached the
fastnesses of the Uriwera country.

In April 1869 he had swooped down on the Mohaka settlement and had
murdered in cold blood seventy whites and friendly natives, and then
retreated to Taupo country with us at his heels.

In fact he had kept us lively for a year, and was going to prevent us
getting rusty for two more, until, having lost nearly all his men, he
retired into the King country, where we could not follow him; and he
lived there quietly for twenty years, and at last died in the odour of
sanctity, highly respected by all who knew him. For nearly four years
we were on his track: his escapes were numerous and miraculous, we
destroyed band after band of the desperate savages who joined him, but
although he was wounded twice we never got him.

Bad luck to it, I'm off the spoor. To get back.

It was determined to send out scouts to locate Te Kooti, and I was
chosen with two men to do the job. It was a big contract to handle.
One glance at the map will show you Lake Taupo. We were at the
north-east corner, about ten miles from the semi-friendly pah at
Tapuacharuru (Sounding Footsteps), our base was at Opotiki, eighty
miles away, on the Bay of Plenty coast. There were at that time no
roads, no bridle-tracks, no paths; no game existed in New Zealand, and
there was no food to be procured for man, and but little for horses.

No white man, with the exception, perhaps, of a stray missionary, had
ever penetrated to that part of the country, which was composed of
dense bush, mountains and broken ground covered with manuka scrub, or
long fern, which grew from six to ten feet high, and it was in the
depth of winter, bitterly cold and wet. The enemy had retreated in the
direction of the great volcanoes Ruapehu and Tongeriro, at the
south-east end of the lake, about thirty-five miles from where we were
camped, and in an awful country, quite unknown and hostile to us. This
country had to be searched, Te Kooti found and attacked before he
established himself in another stronghold and recruited his murderous
band of bloodthirsty savages. The columns could not advance and look
for him; they had no food to feed man or horse during the time it
would take to find him. No, they must fall back nearer the base, and
the scouts must find him, and then the troops and horses, well fed,
could make a rush for him and perhaps put an end to his career. My
orders were that I was to find Te Kooti and return to Opepe, the
Colonel promising he and the column would meet me there on the
sixteenth day, when I was to guide him up to the quarry.

How I was to find the bounder, and how we were to live while we were
looking for him, was left to me. It was certain that Te Kooti would be
looking out for anyone who might be impudent enough to look for him,
and if he caught us our fate was certain, though, of course, we could
only guess at the nature of the torture to which we should be
subjected. Even if we were lucky enough to be able to blow our own
brains out before we were captured, the Colonel would lose the
information he required, and more men would have to be sent; so that
it behoved us to keep ourselves and our tracks hidden, and to see
without being seen.

How we were to live I left to Providence; it was beyond me. We were
all hardened bushfighters, and we must take our chance.

My two companions were queer characters; both of them had been
sailors: one of them, Pierre De Feugeron, a Frenchman, the other a
Kantuarius Greek. They had been mates for years, were both splendid
scouts, expert bushmen, good shots, and utterly fearless. Well, no
sooner had I got my orders than we started. Our field kit consisted of
smasher hats, dark blue serge jumpers that reached to the knee, but
during the day were drawn up and fastened round the waist; we wore no
trousers, but had shawls round us like kilts. I wore shooting boots
and socks; the others went barefooted with sandals. Our arms consisted
of carbines and revolvers, and we each wore in our belts a tomahawk
and sheath knife. On our backs we carried a blanket rolled up, in
which was some very bad bacon and worse biscuit, four pounds of each;
and with this we were to penetrate thirty-five miles or more into an
unknown country, as rough as any in the world, find a wily enemy and,
above all, get back with our information.

It may not seem much to the man who has never been out of Britain, but
a Colonial will appreciate the job at its true value.

We left the camp from the north side, and made a wide detour to the
north-east, before we struck to the south-west, to touch the lake. The
enemy had retreated almost due south, through a number of rough
pumice-stone gullies, and it was more than likely that a sly old bird
like Te Kooti would leave an ambush on his spoor to cut off any scouts
that might be sent after him, or, in case a strong party followed him,
to give him news of their movements. I did not want to fall into that
ambush. I had been in a few before, and did not like them; and so went
round to try and cut his spoor a good way south of where we had
abandoned it on the previous day.

All that day we tramped across deep gullies and through manuka scrub,
very often having to head off our road to examine the ground on either
side of us, and to take bearings to our rear as well as to our front.

A good scout should always do this, as he may have to return a sight
faster than he went; and he must remember which way he came; he has no
time to think much when a war party is after him.

Well, as night fell we came to a range of mountains covered with bush,
and I reckoned that, with our detour, we had made quite ten miles to
the south of Opepe, and were well on our way. It had rained all day,
except when it sleeted, and of course we were wet through, yet we dare
not light a fire. For all we knew we might have been spotted and
followed; so we entered the bush, and as soon as it was quite dark
moved carefully a mile away and, eating a small handful of biscuits,
wrapped ourselves in our shawls and blankets and slept as well as we

It froze hard that night and the cold was intense; in the morning we
were up as soon as a glimmer of day came, and started to cross the
range of mountains. The bush was a regular New Zealand one, composed
of trees of gigantic size, and with a dense undergrowth that nothing
but a pig or an elephant could get through. We therefore had to take
to the bed of a creek and follow it up to the ridge. The water was icy
cold, and the cold drip from the trees and bushes wet us through,
although it did not rain. With nothing but a few bits of flint-like
biscuit to chew, up we went, and came to the top of the range, and
there we rested and got a view of the country.

To our west was the lake, and to the south was the cone of Tongeriro
and the three peaks of Ruapehu; between us and them was range after
range of hills, below us lay a deep valley, and, tough as we were, I
almost feared the job was too tough for us. To despond is one of the
last things a scout should do; so after more biscuit off we went
again, and, striking another creek, we descended the bed of it till we
came to the river that ran through the valley and entered the lake at
the foot of it. I determined to descend the bed of this river, as I
thought I might cut Te Kooti's spoor on the beach of the lake, which I
determined to examine next morning. I feared to do so that evening, as
they might have ambushed the drift, and there was also the dread of
the ambuscade he most likely had left behind to watch our camp.

This party, after they had watched the column move away, would most
likely, provided they had not seen us, be on the march to catch up Te

We therefore hid on a fern ridge with the drift in view of us, and
fortunate it was for us we did so.

We had not been there long when we saw coming from the north, along
the beach, a party of twelve natives; and I felt much relieved, for I
knew at once that they had not seen us, or they would have been after
us, and that I had been quite right to make the detour I had done.

They marched quite carelessly, evidently thinking no white man was
nearer them than the retreating column, and when they had crossed the
drift lit a big fire, cooked food and warmed themselves; then, leaving
the fire burning, started at a rapid pace for the south.

We watched them round a far cape of the lake, then down we went to
their fire and warmed ourselves and cooked a bit of bacon. Thankful we
were for the warmth and food; but we dare not stay long.

I wanted to get the benefit of the open beach, and also to spot their
camp fire that night; so, as soon as our frozen limbs were thawed and
our food swallowed, we were off, hiding our spoor as well as we could.

That night we saw their camp, and envied them as we lay hid in the
fern shivering with cold; for again we had a hard frost, and our
clothes were far from dry; but a scout must put up with cold, heat,
hunger, thirst, and be ready to face, smiling, anything that falls to
his lot.

The earlier in life he hardens himself to do without rotten sweetstuff
the better, and always remember that cigarettes are the invention of
the evil one.

Well, day after day this sort of life went on. If I were to try to
describe our adventures day by day they would fill a book; let it
suffice that for ten days we lurked through tangled and dripping bush,
waded up the bed of mountain torrents, crossed snowclad ranges, and
struggled through matted fern, soaked with rain and sleet during the
day, and frozen stiff during the bitter nights. Our miserable rations
were gone. Sometimes we found a rotten matti-tree, and from it
extracted the white grubs, which we ate thankfully. Once we found some

At last we discovered Te Kooti, and where he was building his new pah.

For one night I prowled round it, and long before morning we were on
our way back. For the first two days the same care had to be taken to
hide our spoor; it would never do to be caught or killed after all our
troubles and sufferings.

On the third day I moved down to the lake.

We were starving: not just hungry, but absolutely starving. As the
evening was coming on, in a small bay I saw the smoke of a fire; that
meant Maoris camping. They had food of some sort, and we decided to
have it.

The bay was an inlet, into which a small creek emptied itself, between
two low ridges of fern. A short detour led us to the bed of the creek,
down which we descended as quietly as otters, while the noise of the
stream drowned any slight noise we might make in wading down it. The
creek ran into a small clump of tree ferns, and we crept on till we
came to where the party was encamped at the mouth of the creek.

There were four fine-looking big Maoris. Their canoe was drawn up on
the bank of the creek with the paddles leaning against it. Had there
been more than four paddles it would have meant that some of the party
were absent; but now we knew we had only the four in front to tackle.
We dare not use our fire-arms on account of the report. No, the job
must be done with tomahawk and knife. We were within twenty feet of

A glance at my companions and we laid down our carbines, slipped off
our blankets and drew our tomahawks and knives.

One more look. The four Maoris were sitting by their fire, unconscious
of our presence. A nod to my mates and we sprang at them. Whiz, whiz
went my men's knives--they were both past masters at the art of
knife-throwing--and over went two Maoris with the knives buried up to
the hafts in their bodies.

I rushed my man, but, surprised as he was, he was a splendid, tough
old warrior, and jumped at me, his tomahawk swinging loosely in the
air above his head.

I had practised hard with the tomahawk for the last two years, but I
knew I was no match for the old man. I therefore determined to rush in
on him, guard his first blow and use my left fist. (I was very strong
in those days, and a good boxer.) Throwing up my tomahawk, I guarded a
smashing cut at the left of my neck, and although I felt the keen edge
of the blade cut my flesh on the left shoulder, the impetus of my
charge carried me in, and lashing out with my left I struck him full
on the throat. Down he went, astonished by this novel mode of attack,
and in another moment the head of my tomahawk was buried up to the eye
in his brains.

When I looked round the fight was over, the only unwounded Maori
falling an easy prey to the combined attack of my two desperadoes.

Pierre, a splendid cook, was already looking into the pot that was on
the fire, and, declaring the contents to be good pork, not long pig,
we were soon enjoying it. To get rid of the bodies did not take long.
The marks of the struggle were obliterated, and we were off. Two days
more and we reached Opepe; and, true to his word, my colonel met us
with a strong patrol. We were thin, footsore, our legs torn, our kit
in rags; but what mattered that? We had done our duty and had got
back with valuable information, and as we swallowed some hot tea we
did not care for the past--it was past. My wound was nothing--Pierre
had stitched it up--and as I once more donned my breeches and boots, a
clean shirt, and threw my leg over my dear old horse, I was as happy
as the day was wet.



(_Told by the old Kai Tongata_)

During the east coast war the division in which I was serving landed
on the beach to seize a "pah," or native stronghold, two days' march
inland. As usual we carried four days' rations, including rum. We were
led by a fine old colonel, a distinguished Crimean officer, who was
much liked by the men. He was one of the old "two-bottle men"--or,
rather, he was contented with two bottles when he could not get three.

At that time I had not acquired a liking for ration rum--raw, fiery
stuff--but by the end of the second day's march the colonel had
consumed his own allowance and mine too. At daylight on the third day,
when we had fallen in beside a creek, and were preparing to attack, he
said to me: "Give me a tot" (calling me by a nickname I acquired early
and retained throughout my active career).

"I haven't any rum, sir; you finished mine last night."

He bubbled like a furious turkey-cock, and swore I'd drunk more than
my share. As I had not tasted a drop, I thought this unfair, but
wisely said nothing. It is bad policy to argue with a liverish
colonel, when he is two days' march from the nearest drink.

Then he said: "I must have a tot. I wonder whether the men have any
left." I was just promising to inquire when he exclaimed excitedly:
"Look there!" And lo and behold, a man stepped out of the ranks, then
standing easy, and took from his haversack a bottle containing
something that looked like rum. He poured some into a pannikin, poured
in some water and drank it off. "By heavens," said the old colonel,
"I've struck oil." Just then I called the men to "attention," and as
we went down the ranks inspecting the colonel kept saying: "Deuced bad
pain in my stomach."

As we got opposite the man with the bottle--he was, by the way, the
most temperate man in the corps--the colonel's groans became
heart-rending. The man thereupon brought out the bottle from his
haversack, and said to him: "Do you think this would do you any good,

The colonel's face was wreathed in smiles.

"Aha, my man, just what I wanted," he exclaimed. "Give me your
pannikin." And he proceeded to pour out for himself a strong "tot."

"Be careful, sir," said the man, "it's very strong."

"Ah!" said the colonel, "when you're as old a soldier as I am you'll
be able to take your 'tot' neat." And with that he tossed it down.

The change that came over his face was marvellous! The smiles were
replaced by a look of agonised surprise. He coughed and spluttered,
and ejaculated: "Shoot the blackguard; he's poisoned me!" Then he
rushed to the creek and drank more water in ten minutes than he had
drunk in the ten previous years. "What have you given the colonel?" I
asked the man.

"Perry & Davis's Pain-killer," he replied. "Will you try some, sir?"

I put my tongue to the mouth of the bottle and then said, "No, I'm
blowed if I do." For the stuff was like liquid fire, and was hot
enough to burn the entrails out of a brass monkey, and if applied
externally would have blistered the halo from a plaster saint. It also
claimed to cure everything. In that it lied, for it did not cure the
colonel's propensity for ration rum, although I must admit it made him
very careful for some time to sample his tot before he swallowed it.



In spinning this yarn I wish to warn all new chums that, no matter how
clever you may fancy yourself to be, you must, when you enter a bush,
keep all your senses on deck, or you will run the chance of finding
yourself bushed just as easily as the greenest tenderfoot ever
exported. True, an old hand will, as a rule, pull through, while the
greenhorn will go under; but yet the number of old bushmen who have
been lost and who have died is very great, and no one, no matter how
experienced he is, or what his training has been, has a right to enter
the bush without taking every precaution. This was driven into me very
early in my frontier education, and I have saved myself frequently if
not from death, yet from many hardships, by always ascertaining I had
sufficient of the indispensable articles about me, without which no
man should enter the forest or wilderness.

Perhaps, right here, I may enumerate them. In a dry country a man
should always carry a water-bag or bottle, and see that it is in good
order and full; he should never stir without plenty of matches,
carried in a damp-proof box or well-corked bottle, a flint and steel,
a burning-glass, or some means of making a fire. A tomahawk and sheath
knife are indispensable; and of course, in Africa and countries where
there are lions, etc., see that you have plenty of ammunition with
you--remember you may want to signal with your rifle--and if possible
shove a couple of ship biscuits into your haversack: you may want
them, and they do not weigh much.

Now for the yarn. In 1874 I was located at a place called Wai-Tangi
(Murmuring Water), a native kainga, on Lake Tarawera, and one day
determined to go pigeon and kaka (New Zealand parrot) shooting in the
densely bushed ranges on the east side of the lake. The lake is a very
beautiful one, of large size, surrounded by mountains, among which is
the volcano Mount Tarawera, and at the south-west corner is the creek
that leads up to Rotomahana and the wonderful terraces.

At the date I write about Mount Tarawera was quiet, and everyone
thought it had retired from the volcano business; but some years
afterwards, 1886, it took a fit, broke out, blew the terraces galley
west, destroyed a great deal of property and killed a good few people,
among others my quondam hosts at Wai-Tangi. Now the New Zealand kaka
and pigeon are, in the fall of the year, very toothsome birds indeed;
they get very fat on the berries of the gigantic trees, and the Maoris
have a very good way of preserving them. I mention these last facts,
as, previous to my departure from the kainga, I had told my host, the
chief of the place, that I was going to try to kill a great many
birds, had requested him to order a woman to make a couple of large
bark buckets to preserve them in, and had also intimated I might camp
out or stay for a night or two at one or other village on the lake.

This was unfortunate, as, subsequently, the Maoris took no notice of
my prolonged absence and did not come to look for me, as they
concluded I was staying somewhere else; and it was only on the day of
my return the old chief, having become anxious, started a party of
young warriors to paddle round the lake to find out if I were all

Well, I started off in a canoe, taking with me my gun, fifty No. 4
shot cartridges, some tea and sugar, a couple of blankets and
half-a-dozen ship biscuits. I should also have taken a young warrior,
but as all the natives were engaged on their plantations, I went
alone. It was a lovely day, the lake as calm as a millpond and the
splendid scenery most entrancing. I paddled slowly out of the little
bay at the head of which the kainga stood, and after a few minutes'
contemplation of the glorious bushed mountains, whose beauties were
reflected as in a mirror on the glass-like water, I struck out across
the north-east corner of the lake and made for the east shore, where I
meant to beach my canoe in some small bay at the mouth of one of the
numerous creeks that ran into the lake, then ascend the bed of the
creek, get on the top of the high ranges, where there is comparatively
little undergrowth, and shoot my game. After a few miles steady
paddling I reached the shore, where there was rather a deep inlet,
grounded my canoe on the beach at the head of it, where a fair-sized
creek entered the lake, and landed.

Now I mentioned before that I had made the best use of my frontier
education; so at once I dragged my canoe out of the water as far as I
could and made fast the painter to a stout tree, then overhauled my
belongings. I was dressed in proper bush outfit: a serge jumper,
flannel shirt, smasher hat, good strong shooting boots and a shawl
round my waist instead of trousers. In my belt I wore a tomahawk and
sheath knife, and slung on to the back of it was a strong tin
pannikin. I also carried on my belt a leather pouch containing a metal
damp-proof box full of matches, a burning-glass, a plug of tobacco and
my pipe. My cartridges I wore in a bandoleer over one shoulder, and
over the other I wore one of the old-fashioned game bags. I was very
strong in those days and did not mind a little extra weight; so after
I had lunched on a biscuit and a lump of cold pork I put the remaining
biscuits, a tin containing tea and sugar mixed, and a small one
holding salt and pepper mixed, into my bag, hid my blankets and
paddle, and after a glance to see that my canoe was all right, I
entered the creek and started up the range.

For some distance the brushwood and undergrowth were too thick for me
to be able to see a bird on the tree-tops, but as I got higher up the
range the bush thinned out, so that I could occasionally get a shot,
and I found when I came to the summit I had bagged three brace of
birds. These I hung up on a rata-tree and I out tomahawk and blazed it
well, so as to let me know, on my return, it was the point at which I
was to descend to the lake. The country I found myself in was very
broken, and what had appeared from the lake to be a straight range of
mountains running from north to south I found to be a regular jumble
of broken ridges, cliffs and spurs that seemed to be mixed into
several ranges that took no definite direction at all. This sort of
country is very dangerous to explore and, knowing the fact, I ought to
have taken precautions and exercised the greatest care. I did neither;
for I wandered on after the birds and presently began thinking about
some important letters I had lately received from home, and other
matters, without even noting any of the salient landmarks, or the
turnings and twistings of the broken ridges and spurs I was walking
among. Nor did I turn round and spot landmarks to guide my return
journey. This was an act of folly unpardonable for a scout who knew
his work and who was quite aware of the danger he was running. Yet the
very best and most experienced bushmen sometimes commit an act of
folly, and, not being infallible, I had in my turn committed a very
grave one. For when the approaching dusk warned me it was time to
regain my canoe I turned round, and in a moment knew I was lost. You
may ask how it was I knew at once I was lost. I will tell you.

Every scout worth his salt should carry in his head a map of the road
he has been traversing that day, and when he is about to return on the
back track he should at once be able to see that road with his mind's
eye, its salient points, its landmarks, its difficulties, and
everything worthy of note along it. Well, when I turned I naturally
cast my mind's eye on to my map and found a blank. I had noted nothing
from the time I had hung up the birds and blazed the first tree; and I
cussed myself for my folly. It was now I felt bush fear; for a
desperate longing came over me _to run_ and try to find my way; but
this I combated with all my will-power, and after a minute's struggle
forced myself to sit down under a tree and think if I could not
remember anything that might recall the road to mind; but in vain. The
only thing to guide me was that I had shot a pigeon which had fallen
into a fork of a tree and stuck there; that incident could be of but
little use to me, yet I treasured it. Again the desire, stronger than
ever, came over me to run and look for the tree I had blazed; and
again I had to fight it away.

Was I, fool as I had been, to lose my head and run mad through the
bush like an untrained new chum? Not by a jugful. I would camp where I
was, and next morning, with a clear head, would try to unravel the
puzzle. Work was the thing for me, and I turned to. It did not take me
long to collect plenty of firewood and make down a good fern bed.
Water I could hear close by, and when I had filled my pannikin I lit
my fire, for night falls quickly in the New Zealand bush, and
overhauled my stores. I had my gun and over thirty cartridges left,
and, besides what food I had brought with me, I had ten fat birds; so
there was no fear of starvation for a long time. I had also no fear of
thirst, as there is always plenty of water to be found in a New
Zealand bush; so I was well off, though I could not disguise the
danger. Anyhow I would have supper and think matters out, over a pipe,
afterwards. In next door to no time I had two birds plucked, cleaned,
and spitted on a splinter of wood, with a biscuit on a clean piece of
bark under them. My pannikin, full of water, on some embers, soon
boiled; to this was added some tea and sugar mixed, and I had a feast
for the gods. True, I only had my sheath knife and fingers to eat
with, but what of that? I was an old campaigner and could dispense
with luxuries. Then, my meal over, I lit my pipe and thought out my
position. I was in a hole, that I knew, and I should require all my
bushcraft to get out of it. It was not as if I was in a forest on a
plain, but I was in a regular jumble of broken ridges, valleys and
spurs, all of them heavily bushed. The only thing I had to look for
was a blazed tree with some birds hanging on to it, and I did not know
if I were north, south or east of it; nor could I judge my distance
from it; for although I knew I had walked about four hours and a half,
and that I had turned south when I left the tree, yet, for all I knew,
I might have worked round in a circle and at the present moment be due
north of it, or have turned farther to the east.

My pipe finished, I determined to sleep if I could, so as to be fresh
in the morning, and also to try to get rid of the feeling of solitude
that now attacked and surprised me. I had frequently had to pass the
night alone, aye, many a time, without fire or food, not daring to
light the one and having none of the other; yet I had never felt so
lonely or deserted before; for although I well knew there was nothing
in the New Zealand bush that could hurt me, still I kept on looking
over my shoulder, or glancing to right and left into the darkness, and
I could now realise the feelings that men who had been lost and found
had tried to describe to me. They had been tenderfoots. Faugh! I was
an old hand; I had never funked the Hau Haus when they had been on the
warpath after me. Why now should I let these childish qualms assail
me and funk shadows? Yet they were there; and I confess them to you so
that you may know how absolutely necessary it is for you, in case you
should ever be in the same fix, no matter how experienced you are, to
keep a tight hold over yourself, and not let your nerves get away with
you. Rolling myself up in my shawl, I lay down on my fern bed (a very
comfortable bed it is too, if you know how to make it properly) and,
thinking over my plans for the morrow, went to sleep.

I awoke at daybreak refreshed and fit. A cold bath in the creek. A
good breakfast. Then selecting a huge tree, I climbed it by shinning
up one of the big pendent vines, and had a good look round. I had
hoped to be able to see the lake, but could see nothing of it; nor
could I recognise any of the loftier mountains; but I knew the lake
must be to the westward of me, and as there seemed to be a higher
range in that direction I determined to make for it, though I could
see no spur running in a direct line towards it. I therefore descended
and, carefully blazing the big tree under which I had camped, started,
taking care to blaze all the trees on my line. My reason for doing so
(and bear it in mind) was, I had reached the spot where I found myself
lost, without going down into any of the deep valleys that surrounded
me. Had I done so, I must have remembered the fact, as all the valleys
were full of dense undergrowth, and I should have had to cut a road
through it.

I had not used my tomahawk on the previous day, except to blaze the
first tree, therefore there must be some way of getting back without
using it--if I could only find that way. I was making for the west.
Suppose after a time I should be certain I was going wrong, I could
return with ease along the blazed track back to my camp, and start a
new line, which I should also blaze, using a new tomahawk cut on the
trees, and if that line failed, return and try again, always using the
tree under which I had camped as a starting-point. I might fail
half-a-dozen times or more, yet, with patience, I had a good chance to
come out right in the end. Again, although I did not reckon on it in
my case, as I had no hopes of a search party coming to look for me, if
you should ever be bushed, and you think it possible for a search to
be sent to find you, it is a very good thing to carry out the above
plan, and always return to your first camp, as most probably it will
be the nearest spot to help; and if you pass your time in blazing
lines (being careful to keep your lines distinct) the party looking
for you will most likely strike one of your tracks and easily follow
it to your assistance.

Knowing all this, I started, taking a course due west. I had no
compass, but as a trained bushman I wanted none, and with all my
senses on deck I began blazing trees on my line, taking care to spot
every noticeable thing _en route_, and frequently looking back to see
my track ran straight. Sometimes I fancied I was going right and I
felt the impulse to run; but this feeling I at once suppressed, and
determined I would play the game to the end. Past midday I knew I was
wrong, as I came to a steep cliff descending perpendicularly into a
deep valley, so I knew I could not have crossed it before. I was
disappointed but by no means disheartened; so after a good look around
I turned in my tracks and easily regained my camp, where I cooked more
birds, had a good supper and slept without any bogeys coming to
trouble me.

On the morning of the third day I started again and blazed a new line,
in a north-west direction; but again I met with disappointment and
returned to my base.

You may ask how it was that, as a trained scout, I did not try to
follow my own spoor back to my starting-point. I will tell you at
once. I was far too old at the game to waste my time by doing so. Of
course I was always on the look-out for any trace I had left; but
there is very little soft ground on the top of New Zealand ranges, and
although I was in a daydream on the first afternoon, yet I knew that,
instinctively, I should have avoided any soft or damp ground, also the
gloom in a bush is not a good light to track by. An Australian black
fellow might have been able to follow my spoor, but no one else, so I
did not try to.

On the morning of the fourth day I started on what I thought to be a
hopeless line nearly due north, as I expected to be shut off quickly
by a deep valley I had noticed on the previous day; still it was the
right game to play and I played it. Strange as it may appear, I was
not shut off as I had expected, but continued on till I came to a
couple of large trees growing so close together that they seemed to
spring from the same root. These attracted my attention, and although
they were out of my line I went to them. I seemed to remember them in
a dim sort of way, and I examined the ground carefully, going on my
hands and knees to do so. I also took a good steady look at the
country I had just passed over, to see if any glimmer of remembrance
would dawn on me; and it did, but so faint that I feared the wish was
father to the thought. But yet, those trees! A certainty came to me
that I had seen them before, and I crawled round to the other side of
them, scanning every foot of ground, and found what might be the spoor
of one of my boots.

At once I began to feel elated, and again the mad impulse to run came
on; but I crushed it back, marked the spoor and forced myself to sit
down and smoke a pipe. When I was quite cool I again examined the
spoor, determined to restart my line from there and use the trees as a

I started a new line and had not gone very far when under a tree I saw
a lot of pigeon feathers. I at once went on my hands and knees and
after a few minutes' search found undoubted spoor; so I knew I was on
the right track; and again the desire to run came on, but I squashed
it and, blazing the tree well, had a good look round, but could get no
certainty as to my route, so went on with my line and during the
afternoon found myself blocked, and had to turn back. That evening I
shot three birds, and camped at the tree where I had found the

Next morning I was off, after a good breakfast, taking a new line west
of north, thinking it would only be a short one; but yet I got on
farther than I expected, and with my eyes glancing everywhere, all of
a sudden I spotted something in the stunted fern, and going up to it
found a dead pigeon. Looking up, I noticed a fork in the tree close
by and recognised it, as the one in which my bird had lodged. I at
once tore the feathers off the bird. Yes, there could be no doubt, it
had been killed by No. 4 shot; and now I was certain I was more than
half-way out of the fix. Again the crazy desire to run, this time
crushed with more difficulty and requiring a pipe. Then more blazing,
until I began to think I must again be wrong and found myself unduly
hastening my steps, and had to use the curb of my will to rein in. I
had reached a place where I was thinking seriously of turning back, as
I was convinced I had gone wrong, and had in fact halted when I
noticed something waving in the wind about 150 yards away to the
south. I could only now and then catch a glimmer of it through the
trees, but I went towards it. I lost sight of it in the bush, then saw
it again, and in a few minutes was standing in front of a blazed
rata-tree with six pigeons hanging on it.

Here was my starting-point; but I was so convinced I had gone wrong
that for a minute or two I could not believe my eyesight, and fancied
I had gone mad, in fact was so surprised that I had to argue with
myself that someone had not moved the tree and the birds. This folly
did not last long, and I was quickly in the bed of the creek,
descending to the lake. I had just reached the foot of the hill when
my foot slipped on a boulder and I came an awful cropper. In a moment
I realised I had sprained my left ankle badly and had hurt my left
side and shoulder. Groaning and cursing with pain, I managed to crawl
the remaining way to my canoe, untied the painter, crawled to the
place where I had hidden my paddle and blankets, and with much agony
got my right shoulder to the bow of the canoe and launched her. It
made me shudder with pain to use the paddle--for a Maori paddle
requires both hands--but it had to be done, and I slowly worked out of
the inlet, when to my horror I found I had a strong head wind to
contend against.

I could never do it, and was painfully turning my canoe to get back to
the beach when I heard a deep-chested Maori shout come pealing over
the water, and looking in the direction from whence it came, I saw a
large canoe with a dozen sturdy paddlers bearing down on me. In a few
minutes I was in it, lying down on a heap of fern; and I must have
fainted, but soon came to, to find the canoe tearing through the
water, while fourteen stalwart warriors howled a canoe song to bring
me back to life and give time to the paddles. We soon reached
Wai-Tangi, and I was carried up to my hut, all the Maoris holding a
big tangi (weeping match) over my accident and blaming themselves for
the misadventure that had happened to their guest.

"Te Parione" (my Maori name) quoth the chief, "your mana (luck) is
very great. If you had fallen three days ago where would you have been

It was not a nice conundrum to puzzle over, so I went to sleep



Years ago on the Taupo line (the road running from Napier to Lake
Taupo) everything used by the men garrisoning the forts on the line
had to be carried on pack-horses from the town of Napier up to the
headquarters (Opepe), and this necessitated hard work and required
hard language on the part of the troopers escorting the pack train,
which consisted of some sixty horses and mules.

Of course the men were held responsible for the goods or valuables
entrusted to them, and they regarded this trust as a point of honour
that must be guarded even with life.

Now why a pack-mule or a transport ox won't go without the strongest
language I don't know; but they won't; and in making this assertion I
am only stating a well-known and proven fact. No matter how good a man
may be with a stock-whip, or a waggon-whip, he will not get a journey
or trek out of his beasts unless he beguiles them with the most
powerful and sultry talk.

I have never known a man to love a pack-mule, nor to caress one, and
although you will find a trooper fond of and kind to most animals, yet
somehow he draws the line at a mule. For his horse he will do
anything--beg for it, lie for it, steal for it, halve his last bit of
bread with it, and willingly risk his life for it--but not for a
pack-mule. No, a pack-mule has few friends, and though men do their
duty by them they don't give up their only blanket to them on a bitter
cold night; and I have known many a trooper do that for his horse.
However, I am getting off the right spoor, so must try back for the

On the Taupo line, at the time I mention, about 1872---the exact date
I forget, and is of no consequence---the forces were rationed by a
firm of contractors who had the right to run a canteen at each of the

The rations were good, but the liquor was bad; and when an old
campaigner calls liquor bad, it must be very bad indeed. There were
plenty of rows about it, and changes were promised, but somehow it
never improved. This being so, it was the usual thing, when the pack
train went down-country, for two or three of us who could not face the
filth supplied by the contractors to send down a private horse and get
up a couple of cases of spirits fit to drink.

I was quartered at the time at an outlying station that the pack train
did not pass, and one day received a note telling me to come to Fort
Tarawera and get my share of two cases of brandy that had reached

This I did, and rode over next day, accompanied by a very smart
trooper named Steve--at least that name will do for him, as he left
the Lost Legion and has been for years a parson in the Church of
England. Good luck to him!

Now the road, or rather the bridle-track, was a sinful one, partly
through bush and partly along the bank of the Waipunga River. At one
place the path had been scraped out of a very steep hill of loose
shale sloping down to the river, which ran about eighty to one hundred
feet below it, and it was so narrow that, once on it, you could not
turn your horse, nor even dismount.

The length of this very bad bit was not more than two hundred yards,
but there was a nasty turn half-way, so that it was necessary for you
before you entered on it to give a loud shout in case anyone was
approaching from the other end; and altogether it was not the sort of
road to entice a nervous old gentleman to ride a restive horse along
for a constitutional.

We reached Fort Tarawera in safety, and I put in a very pleasant
afternoon, hearing the news and yarning with my pals there. Towards
evening we left with my share of the plunder, which consisted of four
bottles of brandy, to ride back the fourteen miles to my station.
These bottles we carried in our wallets in front of our saddles, and
after a parting drink and cheery good-night we rode gaily away.

It was quite dark when we reached the worst part of the road; but in
those days neither of us cared for anything, so that after a loud
coo-ee we filed on to the bad track, myself leading.

Previous to our quitting the firm ground, I had said to my companion,
in a joking manner: "Take care you don't tumble over, Steve; remember
you are carrying precious brandy."

He answered: "All right, I'll look after it." And we started the

Just as we got to the very worst part of the road I heard a scuffle,
an oath, a rattling crash, and knew in a moment that Steve with his
horse had gone over the cliff, and rolled down the slope into the

I was close to the end of the bad part; so, pressing my horse on to
the firm ground, dismounted, and led him back to the place of the
catastrophe. Peering over, I could see nothing, so shouted: "Steve,
are you much hurt?"

The answer came back and there was an exultant ring in the voice: "The
brandy is quite safe."

"D--- the brandy! Are you much hurt?"

A mournful reply came back: "Poor Darkie [his horse] is dead."

"But yourself?"

"Oh, I've only broken my leg," was the answer, given in a tone of the
most utter indifference; "I'm all right."

"Is your head well above water, and can you hang on till I get help
from the fort?"

"Oh yes; I'm all right."

So I told him to open one of the bottles and have a nip when he felt
he required it, then led my horse to the firm ground, mounted and rode
back to Tarawera at a gallop.

On my return with a party of troopers, ropes and torches, it took us a
long time to extricate the poor fellow from his dangerous position,
and he must have suffered great agony in being hauled up the steep
bank of shifting shale; but at last we managed it, and got him back to
the fort, where he soon become convalescent, his only regret, which
was very deep--viz. the loss of his horse--being tempered by the fact
that he had saved the brandy which had been entrusted to him. As for
his own severe and painful injury, he cared nothing: it was certainly
a nuisance; but it came in the day's march, and, as there was no
fighting going on at the time, was not to be grumbled at.

Well, as I said before, good luck to him. If he is half as good in the
pulpit as he was in the pigskin, the Church gained what the Legion
lost, by his exchange of regiments.



(_Told by the old Kai Tongata_)

There was nothing of a picnic about the wars in New Zealand.

The cold-blooded massacres at Poverty Bay, Mohaka, and scores of other
places, as well as the vile tortures practised on any of our men who
were unfortunate enough to fall alive into their hands, made us treat
the Hau Haus with very scant mercy; and this savagery was not
diminished by the brutal hardships, hunger, cold and toil we underwent
while in pursuit of Te Kooti and his bands of bloodthirsty and
fanatical followers.

Among these was a half-caste, the son of a very prominent white
official. As a boy he had been sent to school by his father, and had
been highly educated. He had then been entered for the law, but,
committing a forgery, had fled to the bush and joined his mother's
tribe, then in rebellion.

To show and prove his Maori blood, on joining them he had murdered,
with his own hand, in cold blood, a number of helpless white women and
children who had been taken prisoners; and this horrible crime,
together with his ferocious courage in action, and further murders,
perpetrated whenever he had the chance, caused him to be held in high
repute by the Hau Haus and in bitter detestation by us.

To such an evil notoriety had this fiend attained that his father,
then high in the Government, sent the unnecessary and quite
superfluous order, that if his son were captured he was to receive no
mercy. This order I carried myself to the officer commanding one of
the flying columns that was then operating against rebels who by that
time were getting considerably knocked about.

It was most dangerous work, despatch-riding in New Zealand. You had to
travel through a rough and hostile country to find a moving column, or
perchance a place the position of which was not known, and even the
direction to it most uncertain. The Hau Haus, always on the look-out
to catch the unfortunates employed on this job, would lay ambuscades
in the long fern, alongside the footpaths, in such places as it was
impossible to avoid passing, or at a ford you were obliged to cross.

Their dart was to kill your horse and take you alive, if possible, and
then God help you if you were unable to blow your brains out--your
death would be a very, very hard one.

We lost numbers of men this way; and although no officer or man was
ever known to shrink the duty, yet we hated it. On the arrival of this
most unnecessary order to the column with which I was serving, being
first for duty, it was my fate to have to carry it on to another
column and then, provided I lived, to rejoin my colonel at the
earliest possible moment.

Now I was aware of the contents of the despatch, and it did not make
me more pleased with the job, as I knew I was running the most
desperate risks to carry an order absolutely superfluous.

Long before the despatch had even been penned, had either of the three
white columns been lucky enough to catch the bounder whose name was
mentioned in it, he would have been shot on the spot; while if Rapata
and his friendly natives had rounded him up his end would have been
quite as certain, though probably more complicated; and any orders on
the subject were quite superfluous.

Well, I was warned to go, and went. I started at daylight, and after a
long day's ride, during which I had a few squeaks for my bacon, I
fortunately, just as evening was coming on, fell in with the column I
was in search of, and delivered my despatches to the O.C.

This column was composed of friendly natives, of course on foot, so I
dismounted and joined the O.C., who was making for a camping-ground on
which to pass the night.

We had nearly reached the desired spot when a body of the enemy who,
unaware of our presence, were making for the same place opened fire on

The O.C. and myself were some short distance ahead of the majority of
his men, who, after the usual way of native contingents, straggled a
good deal when marching into camp.

We, however, at once charged, and the enemy gave ground until we came
to a long natural opening in the manuka scrub, through which we were
moving, and which was about twenty yards across. Here we halted and
took cover, as we heard the Hau Hau leader shout to his men to turn
and come back quickly, as there were only two white men by themselves
and they, the Hau Haus, could kill them before the others came up. We
stood our ground, as we knew our men were close up, and we both
carried carbines.

All at once I saw a man on the other side of the opening aiming at my
companion, and I at once fired and knocked him over; at the same
moment my companion fired and hit a man I could not see, but who was
aiming at me. Our men just then rushed up, and we continued the
charge; but the enemy had bolted, and as night was falling fast we did
not pursue them, but went up to the two men we had put out of mess. My
man was quite dead, and was quickly recognised as a man of no great
consequence, though of some reputation as a fighting man. The other
one, however, was only wounded, but refused to tell us who he was, and
to our questions replied by using the greatest insult in the Maori
language--_i.e._ called us boiled heads. Having a suspicion as to his
identity, the O.C. tore the breast of his shirt open, and there across
his breast was tattooed the much-cursed name. Well, if he had lived
like a beast, he met the death of a beast without flinching.

Two years later, after the wars were over, I was again crossing that
part of the country and rode a little out of my way to the scene of
the fight, to see if there were any traces of the men we had killed.
Sure enough the skeleton of the half-caste was at the very spot on
which he had fallen. Dismounting, I picked up a leg-bone, slipped it
under my wallet straps and rode away. Later, I had it made up into a
Maori flute by an old native--they used to make all sorts of useful
and ornamental instruments out of human bones--and hung it on the wall
of my quarters among other trophies and curios.

Some time after I was visited by the very official who had been father
to this half-caste. He examined my collection of curiosities with some
interest, and catching sight of the flute, said: "Oh, I used to tootle
a bit on a Maori flute in my young days." Then taking it down he
tootled a "wyetta" (a Maori song). Little did he think he was playing
a tune on the leg-bone of his own son; and I was not such a bally fool
as to tell him.

Let sleeping dogs lie is an old and true aphorism, and I did not wish
to stir up bitter family recollections by reminding him of a dead one;
besides, he was a very big pot indeed, and the head of my department,
so that a discreet silence as to who had been the original owner of
that flute was sound policy.



Years ago in New Zealand there was a chain of forts stretching from
the sea to the centre of the island. These forts were intended to keep
open the road that had been constructed at great trouble and expense,
on which a coach ran every week, conveying the mails and passengers to
and from the wonderlands of Taupo and Rotomahana.

The headquarters of the district was at a place called Opepe, and
consisted of a strong stockaded fort on the top of a pumice-stone
hill, or, rather, I should say on a flat piece of ground surrounded by
steep-sided gullies, which made it into a hill, and contained
sufficient area for the fort and a parade ground.

Through the gully in front ran the road, and on the other side of the
road were the troopers' stables and a hotel for coach passengers,
which also held the troopers' canteen. The fort was approached by a
zigzag path cut out of the hill, which was here perpendicular, and on
the top of the path was posted a sentry.

Now among the officers stationed at headquarters was a doctor who had
medical charge of the district. As far as his profession went, he had
scarcely anything to do. The men were all picked men, most of them
young; and in that splendid climate, with plenty of good, healthy work
to do, sickness was almost unknown. This was very fortunately the
case, as the doctor, having, perhaps, too much spare time on his
hands, and caring nothing for sport, devoted that time to the worship
of Bacchus and, at the time I write about, had become scarcely fit to
attend to a crocodile, much less a human being.

Had he not given the regimental sergeant-major a dose for a cold that
made that ancient warrior tie himself into complicated knots, then
dance and squirm for a week, and even curse him for a year afterwards
with a fervency that made the atmosphere tingle and the blue sky grow
cloudy? Yes, it was fortunate the men were a healthy lot, and the
doctor's medicine was not in demand. The medico's appearance was also
decidedly against him. He wore his hair and whiskers, which were
white, very long. His face was very red, and his nose, bulbous in
shape, was purple in colour. He was, moreover, very slovenly in dress
and dirty in his habits. It was strange he, being an Irishman by
birth, should be morose and ill-tempered when sober (I beg his pardon.
I don't think I ever saw him really sober), and far from amusing when
drunk. So, taking him in the large, he was neither popular nor
respected by his brother-officers nor by the men. He had never been on
active service, was very nervous of being sent on it, and had a holy
dread of fire-arms of all sorts.

Well, this beauty made it his habit to go down to the hotel every
night and booze there by himself. The men's canteen was closed at 9.30
P.M., and lights-out was blown at ten. The doctor would leave the
hotel at 10.30 and proceed up the hill to his quarters; and as by
this time he was quite full up, he would climb the steep zigzag path
on his hands and knees, and refuse to answer the challenge of the
sentry. This caused trouble; he was reported over and over again and
the O.C. reprimanded him once or twice, till at last, determining to
give him a fright, he ordered the sentry to be served out with some
blank ammunition, and that if the doctor again refused to answer the
challenge, he was to let rip at him with a blank charge.

The following night the doctor began his crab-like ascent. "Halt, who
goes there?" rang out the challenge. No answer. Twice again the
challenge was repeated. Still no answer. Bang went the carbine. A loud
yell from the medico, and he rolled over and over to the foot of the
hill. Promptly the guard turned out. Down the hill they ran and found
the doctor much shaken by his roll, and sobered by his fright.

They brought him up, and next morning at office he complained to the
O.C., and charged the sentry with trying to murder him, swore that he
had heard the bullet whiz just past his ear, and that it was dangerous
to trust a sentry with such a thing as a carbine.

The O.C. listened to him and told him he could not punish the sentry
for firing at him, as he was performing his duty by doing so, but he
would severely reprimand him for making such a bad shot, and the next
sentry who missed him would be severely punished.

This put the fear of the Lord into the doctor; but the force of habit
was too strong for him, and the following night he was down at his
usual haunt, filled up, and started at 10.30, his usual time, to
return in his usual manner; but he took unusual precautions. No sooner
had he crept across the road than he started howling at the top of his
voice: "Friend, friend, friend"; and so on up the hill, past the
laughing sentry and guard, across the parade ground and crawled into
his quarters, still yelping his protecting cry.

This went on for a few nights, until one day he had to visit an
out-station. He stayed there that day, got full up and started to
return home that night. He must have fallen off his old pony and slept
in the fern, for he did not turn up till 6 A.M. next morning. Then,
having handed over his nag to the stable orderly, he immediately made
for the hotel, and began to freshen his nip with more liquor. That day
there was a commanding officer's parade, and at 10 o'clock all the
officers and men fell in. By 10.30 the inspection was over and the men
standing at ease, previous to the drill commencing, when the howl of
"Friend, friend!" was heard coming nearer and nearer. It seems that
the doctor, true to the clock, had filled up, and at his usual time,
but, oblivious to the fact that it was 10.30 A.M., and not 10.30 P.M.,
was making the best of his way to his lair and, by way of protection
against the possible murderous attack of the sentry, was singing his
usual ditty of "Friend, friend!"

Presently he appeared over the crest of the hill on his hands and
knees, crawling across the parade ground towards the quarters, still
uttering his doleful howl, when, glancing up, he saw the long line of
men looking at him. He staggered to his feet and gazed at them for a
full minute, with horror and consternation depicted on his face, then
yelled out, "O blessed St Bridget, they mean to kill me this night.
Sure, they've mounted one hundred bally sentries, and they can't all
miss me." With that he reeled away, looking over his shoulder and,
still yelling his shibboleth of "Friend, friend!" ran to earth in the
welcome portal of his stronghold. This spectacle was too much for the
risibility of the parade; officers and men went into a roar of
laughter, which could not be checked for some time.

Next morning the doctor was informed he must resign or stand a
court-martial. He did the former, and we got rid of him, while he
retired to some place where he could indulge in his favourite pastime
without running into danger from a murderous sentry or of the unkind
remarks of a censorious commanding officer.



New Zealand is, of course, famous for its natural beauties and
wonders, among them the hot lakes and the terraces of pink and
gleaming white stone. The latter, unfortunately, were destroyed by
volcanic eruption in the eighties, but, I believe, are forming again.

On one occasion when I was located in the hot lake district several
prominent Colonial officials, with their wives, came up, and I had to
show them round. On Lake Rotorua we had two large whale-boats, and it
was arranged that the party should be taken along the lake in these,
to the island Mokoia, the scene of the romantic story of O Hinemoa and
Tutanekai (the Maori Hero and Leander). The Maori yarn differs from
the Greek, as it was the young lady who did the swimming part of the
business, and the hussy was not drowned.

Mokoia has also been the scene of ruddy war, for it was on this island
the Arawa tribe took refuge from a dreadful raid of the Ngapuhi tribe,
under that bloodthirsty monster Hongi, who, from the year 1818-1838,
raged through the North Island of New Zealand like a plague, and
destroyed over one-fourth of its inhabitants.


He was one of the first Maoris who visited England, having been
brought there by Kendal to help Professor Lee with his Maori
grammar and dictionary. While in England he was much lionised, and
received many valuable gifts.

He was presented to George IV., who made him presents of a suit of
armour and other valuable articles.

On his return to Sidney he sold all his presents, with the exception
of the suit of armour, and bought 300 muskets with ammunition. While
in Sidney a grim story is told of him. At Kendal's dinner-table he met
another Maori chief belonging to a tribe hostile to the Ngapuhi. Quoth
he to his fellow-guest: "Go home, make ready for war, and prepare to
be killed and eaten." Landing in New Zealand, he swept the country
bare, killing thousands and eating all he could. At last came the turn
of the Arawa.

Sweeping down the east coast, he landed at Maketu and twice defeated
the Arawa, who retired inland and took refuge in their stronghold, the
island of Mokoia. He followed them and camped on the edge of the lake.
Every morning the Arawa, confident in their fancied security, used to
paddle past his camp and cheek him. I do not know if they used to
place their thumbs to their noses and stretch their fingers out at
him, but they poked fun at him and asked him rude questions, such as:
How did he expect to come to Makoia? Was he growing wings like a duck,
or, perchance, fins like a fish? etc., etc.

Naught would reply the grim old warrior, as he sat, surrounded by his
cannibal chiefs, on the high bank of the lake, to his enemy's
ribaldry; but he took the opportunity to tapu the splendid canoes as
they dashed past him, the jeering crews showing them off to the best

"My skull is the bailing pot of that canoe," said Hongi, pointing to
the largest and best one. This was a most awful assertion, but it
rendered that canoe sacred to Hongi, as who, at the division of spoil,
could claim a canoe the bailing pot of which was Hongi's skull, the
most tapu part of his body.

This went on day after day, while Hongi was having his big war canoes
transported from the sea, up creeks, across land, over a range of
bushed hills, and through lakes to the scene of action.

First of all up a creek, then he had a road cut through a forest,
covering a range of hills, until he launched them on Lake Roto Ehu.
Again, he cut a road through a forest, and launched them on Lake Roto
Iti and then up a rapid creek till they emerged on Lake Roto Rua. Now,
poor Arawa, you will find out to your cost how Hongi is coming to

One morning, as the Arawa were preparing for their usual daily
amusement, they saw, to their horror and consternation, the advancing
fleet of their bloodthirsty enemies. The time for jeering and laughter
had passed, some tried to escape and a few succeeded, the others stood
and fought the hopeless fight of spears and stones versus muskets. The
canoes drew near the island and Hongi opening fire on the hapless
defenders, shot them down in heaps, then, landing, killed or enslaved
all that remained of the Arawa tribe. The ovens, surrounded with the
crumbling bones of the victims, remain still to mark the spot where
scores of the unfortunate Arawa were cooked and eaten; and these, with
Ohinemoa's natural hot bath, are the two show places on the beautiful
green hill that sits like a gem on the bosom of the dark blue lake.

After we had visited Mokoia we were to descend the rapid creek up
which Hongi had brought his canoes and inspect Roto Iti. The boats
were manned by young Maoris of splendid physique, whom I dressed for
the occasion very prettily, in shirts and trousers of white cotton,
with black silk neckerchiefs. They were very proud of themselves in
these smart, unaccustomed clothes.

When we came to the shallow water, at the head of the creek, it would
be necessary for these fellows to jump out of the boat to lighten her,
and drag her over into deep water; and I warned them that as English
ladies did not like to see men without clothes on they must jump
overboard in their smart suits. The three officials went into one of
the boats by themselves, with a crew that knew no English, as they
wanted to discuss important business, and I escorted the ladies in the
other boat. We landed at Mokoia, and I showed them the bath and the
gruesome ovens, and told them the tales of love and war, and then we
re-embarked to visit Roto Iti. All went well till we reached the
shallows at the head of the creek; here the boat grounded and I
ordered the crew overboard to push her along.

All obeyed and plunged in with their clothes on, as instructed, with
one exception. This was the stroke oar, a fine young Maori named Kiwi,
who spoke broken English and was the son of a principal chief. He was
very proud of his smart new clothes, and when the other fellows sprang
into the water he sat tight. His mates called to him for help, and
seeing he did not move I ordered him overboard. But he meant to
preserve that suit. With a deep sigh he took off the black silk
neckerchief, next he stripped off that immaculate white shirt. He
looked at the water, and then at his lovely white trousers.

Then, with sudden inspiration, he touched the principal lady on the
shoulder and said in a deep whisper of despair: "You no like to see
me: you look that way." And in another moment he had whipped off his
last thread of clothing and joined his comrades in the water.


Some time after the New Zealand wars ended Pierre de Feugeron settled
down at a Maori village called Wairoa, situated at the head of Lake
Tarawera, and there built himself a two-roomed shanty, which he called
the Maison de Repos, and offered to entertain any tourists visiting
the wonders of Rotomahana.

Now Pierre was a miraculous cook. He could make a good dinner out of
anything, and there is no doubt he would have done well but for his
great failing, Drink--in his case spelt with a very, very big D. For
no sooner had he been remunerated by one lot of tourists than he would
at once make off to Ohinimutu, where there was a drink shanty, and
blow the lot.

He was indeed a queer character. In appearance, he was big enough, and
looked ferocious enough, for a stage brigand, wearing his hair long
and a huge beard. In reality he was as kind-hearted and simple as a
child, and, notwithstanding his past life of bloodshed and adventure,
he was just as harmless as one.

Pierre was also great on politics, in more ways than one, for his
special brand would depend on the number of tots he had absorbed.

When sober he was a Legitimist, after he had had a drink or two an
Imperialist, a few more made a Republican of him, and as he got full
up he became a Communist, an Anarchist and a ruddy Red. At this stage
he would become an awe-inspiring object indeed. Armed with a tomahawk
in one hand and a huge knife in the other, he would dance a war-dance
of the most blood-curdling description, and with rolling r's emit
horrible wild yells, in French, broken English and Maori, sufficient,
unless you had known him, to daunt the courage of Bayard himself. Yet
when the non-com. on duty considered that Pierre had _ranged_ himself
enough, he only had to send a Maori kid to him, with the intimation
that the guardroom required him, and Pierre, dropping the Bombastes
Furioso business, would immediately make a bee-line for that
hospitable abode and fall asleep, sobbing over the sorrows of La Belle

Well, it was my duty to escort round the hot lakes any big pot the
Government chose to send up to me, and the Governor, once a year, used
to come round, with a large party, and visit the wonders of the
district, which, of course, included the marvellous terraces.

A noble marquis was at this time proconsul in New Zealand, and when I
received warning of his advent I also received the straight tip that
his Excellency, a _bon-vivant_, dearly loved a good dinner, so I
determined he should have nothing to complain of while under my care.

Now it was customary for the Governor to camp a night at Wairoa _en
route_ to the terraces, and also to stay another night there on the
return journey, so I determined, albeit with grave doubts, to engage
Pierre to take charge of the culinary department for the two nights we
should be there.

For the first night I had no anxieties, as I had kept Pierre closely
confined to the guardroom for the preceding fortnight; but I was very
nervous about the day that I should be at the terraces with the party,
when Pierre, perchance getting hold of some of the liquor, might raise
Cain and wreck the dinner. However, I put my trust in Providence, and
also in the discretion and vigilance of the reliable old non-com. who
would be left in charge of the camp during my absence, and to whom I
gave instructions to keep a very sharp eye on Pierre and his
movements; so, hoping for the best, I received his Excellency with

The first night all went well. Pierre served up such a _recherché_
dinner that the Governor sent for him to be congratulated, and in his
enthusiasm offered the old chap a drink. Alas! I dare not interfere,
though well I knew this meant trouble; for the first tot to Pierre was
like the first taste of blood to a tiger.

Pierre picked up a bottle of brandy, and pouring out a bosu'n's nip,
drank it off to the health of ze Governor, ze Great Queen Victoria,
and ze Great Napoleon, and then took himself off, but, _horrible
dictu_, he also took the bottle with him.

Unfortunately, just at that moment my whole attention was drawn from
him by a lady questioning me about his adventures, so he escaped with
his plunder without my observing the act.

I left the table as soon as possible, and sought out Pierre, whom I
found walking about on his tiptoes, looking scornfully at the
troopers, while he informed them that he himself was Pierre de
Feugeron, ze grand scout. He also demanded their attention, that he
himself, and no other man, was Pierre de Feugeron, ze grand
_cordon-bleu_, who had cooked dinners for the Emperor, and that the
great Reine Victoria had sent for him to cook ze dinner for herself.
Le Bon Dieu save ze Queen, ip ip----

He had just reached this stage when I reached for him, and ze grand
_cordon-bleu_ retired at the double to his hut; but, alas! I knew
nothing about that plundered bottle, which he had planted before my

The next morning, after an early breakfast, and after I had reiterated
my cautions to the non-com., and my warnings and threats to Pierre, we
started in canoes for Rotomahana, where the Governor and his party
enjoyed themselves thoroughly, returning in the evening to Wairoa.

Now I must confess that although I placed great faith in both
Providence and the non-com., yet Black Care sat on my soul like a wet
blanket; and this would have been considerably enhanced had I but
known that a sudden stampede of the horses had forced away the
non-com. and his men, leaving Pierre alone in camp to work his wicked
will. All the way back in the canoes the conversation turned on
gastronomy, and his Excellency, well pleased with the day and having a
forty-dollar appetite, looked forward to his dinner, and hoped it
would be as good as the one on the previous night. I hoped so too; but
coming events cast their shadows before them, and I had my doubts.

At last we landed and climbed the steep hill that led to the flat on
which the camp was pitched. Alas! while still afar off I heard the
wild war-whoops and blood-curdling yells I knew so well, and was
assured that my very worst apprehensions were more than justified.

I at once pushed on, the Governor accompanying me, and on our reaching
the camp there was our _cordon-bleu_, armed as per usual, dancing a
war-dance that would have excited the envious admiration of a crazy
Hau Hau.

The Governor paused for a moment, and stood aghast in astonishment at
the horrible-looking object before us, then full of pluck, for of
course he did not know how utterly harmless the old fellow was, rushed
up to him and said soothingly: "Pierre, how goes the dinner?"

Pierre briefly answered that the dinner had gone to a place where it
must have been overcooked and spoilt long ago.

But quoth his Excellency: "I am so hungry."

"And a ruddy good job too," howled Pierre. "It is good for kings and
governors to be hungry. I myself am Pierre de Feugeron, the great
Communist. I myself am Pierre de Feugeron, the noble anarchist, and I
scorn to cook the dinners of kings and governors."

Then seeing the rest of the party, who by this time had arrived and
were regarding him with awe and astonishment, he at once consigned the
Governor and the rest of us to the same place as he had committed the
dinner, and was proceeding with his _pas seul_ when some Maoris,
acting on my instructions, took a hand in the game. Exit the noble
anarchist, to be tied to a tree for the night, to regain his loyalty,
while I had to bustle about to knock up an impromptu dinner for my
sorrowing and shocked guests.

Chapter XVII

A South Sea Bubble

  "So we found no copper island, nor rapid fortunes made,
  But by strictly honest trading a dividend we paid.
  And Maori Browne converted, with an ancient flint-lock gun,
  A mob of ruddy pagans, beneath the southern sun."

I was in Auckland with a lot of spare time on my hands. I had come
down-country intending to go over to Australia, but, having been stuck
up by a flooded river for two days, I had missed my boat, and
consequently was planted there, as boats at that time were neither so
numerous nor ran so often as they do now.

On the morning after my arrival I was strolling down Queen's Street,
wondering what I was to do with myself, when I was hailed from the
other side of the road, and, looking in the direction from which the
coo-ee came, I at once recognised the long red nose and brilliant
scarlet hair of a man who had been our regimental surgeon during the
past wars. His had been a hard case. Out and out the best medical man
we had in our service, as far as professional knowledge and skill
went, he was still a born fighting man, and was always more anxious,
while under fire, to damage the enemy than to repair friends. This
inclination was somewhat held in check and restrained by the Roman
Catholic chaplain, a great pal of his who was always in the firing
line doing the best he could for any wounded man, be he papist or

Well, one day while on a patrol along the east coast, we had a scrap
with a few Maoris, and the doctor, who happened to be with us, to his
huge delight, killed one. Now I do not for a moment want to assert
that this was the first man the doctor had ever killed. He had,
doubtless, during the practice of his profession, killed very many,
but it was the first Hau Hau who had ever fallen to his carbine; for,
although a brilliant medico, he was a vile shot, and the dear doctor
was greatly elated, so much so that he determined to have a trophy in
commemoration of the event. Now the Maori was a fine big fellow of
some rank, and had the skin on his thighs magnificently tattooed, so
the doctor, wanting a _spolia opima, faute de mieux_ flayed off and
preserved the tattooed portions of the bounder's epidermis, which he
cured and subsequently had made into a tobacco pouch. He was very
proud of this pouch, and was fond of exhibiting it and making people
to whom he showed it guess from what material it was manufactured.

He did so once too often; for one night after dining well, though not
wisely, he exhibited it in the smoking-room of the club at Wellington.
The same official was present whose son's leg-bone was afterwards
annexed and turned into a flute. He was at that time posing as a
goody-goody minister; and, pretending to be shocked, brought such
pressure to bear that he forced the medico to resign; and so we lost
the services of our best doctor, and the company of a thundering good
fellow. All this had happened some time before, and I had not seen him
for over a year. We had been great friends, and I was under great
obligations to him, as he had on several occasions mended me after I
had been broken, and had even saved me my left leg when two other
sawbones wanted to amputate it. So you can easily understand I was
delighted to meet him, and we at once adjourned to Perkins's saloon
and proceeded to wet this auspicious meeting.

Well, no sooner had we lowered our first cocktail than the doctor
demanded what I was doing in Auckland, and on my telling him I had
lost my boat he expressed unfeeling delight and thanked Providence for
sending and detaining me, as I was the very man he wanted, and I must
take charge of a party he had raised to search the South Seas for a
copper island.

Now I had not lost a copper island, and should not have known what to
do with it if I found one, yet the very mention of the South Seas
allured me like a honey-pot to a wasp.

Then as he went on to open out his plans, and tell me the names of the
men who had joined him in his scheme, most of whom I knew well, I saw
at once, copper island or no copper island, there was every chance of
a rollicking good time. So when the men dropped in by twos and threes,
Perkins's saloon being their rendezvous, and all of them joining the
doctor in persuading me, I quite gave way and consented to join with
them and take command.

A case of champagne was quickly ordered and consumed, drinking luck to
the venture, and I found myself chief of forty as reckless,
devil-may-care filibusters as ever banded themselves together. Do not
think, dear reader, we were going to hoist Jolly Roger, or anything of
that sort. No, we were going to search through some of the
least-frequented groups of islands to find one of pure copper, and we
were all to return fabulously rich.

If we could not find the copper island, we might yet find something
else of value, and even failing that we would trade with the
islanders, gentle or otherwise, for bêche-de-mer, whales' teeth, or
anything else we thought could be disposed of to our advantage. Trade,
I say, not take; we signed articles as Gentlemen Adventurers with
every liberty but no licence.

We were, moreover, all of us highly respectable, very moral and
well-brought-up young men. Every one of us had served and seen years
of active service, so all knew the value of discipline. Most of us
were public school boys, and although we might have found ourselves
_de trop_ at an Exeter Hall spring meeting tea-party, yet we were
quite fit to take our places and shine in the beau-monde that at that
period graced the South Seas.

Our party for the above purpose had chartered a very large and
powerful American schooner, with a skipper, a Yankee who knew the
South Seas well, and who turned out to be a rattling good fellow, two
mates, a brace of cooks, a few China boys as flunkeys, and we worked
her ourselves. Strict discipline was to be maintained. Every one of us
had put a considerable sum of money into the venture; we all knew one
another well, and two days after I had met the doctor we went to sea
well armed, well found, and as good a crowd as ever set sail, without
a single rotter amongst us.

Well, one lovely morning we got our anchor and glided out of the
splendid harbour before a fine, fair wind, made our offing, then,
setting every inch of muslin, started on our quest.

The schooner proved herself to be very fast, and also, a few days
afterwards, in a bit of a blow, showed herself, although a trifle wet,
yet on the whole to be a really good sea boat. The skipper and mates
not only proved themselves good seamen, but good fellows; so we were
all well contented and looked forward to great profit and more fun.

Those were the days when a man yearning for excitement could have his
fill in the South Seas. Everyone there did what he liked, unless a
stronger man prevented him.

Those were the days when Bully Hayes, in his lovely brigantine,
_Leonora_, swept the seas and established a funk in everyone not too
strong or too poor to fear him.

Bully Bragg was still to the fore. The infamous brig, _Karl_, and the
psalm-singing Scotch scoundrel who owned her had not yet been found
out, and there were plenty more black bird-catchers, sandalwood
traders and others always ready to grab and take anything, provided
they were strong enough to do so.

We had, however, nothing to fear from savage or picaroon: we were a
strong party, with plenty of arms, and all of us well able to use
them. We wished to interfere with no one, and whoever interfered with
us must take the consequence. So we sailed on, enjoying the day and
careless of the morrow.

If I were to write half of what happened to us on that glorious trip
it would fill books.

We met Bully Hayes and hobnobbed with him, finding him the
most obliging and courteous of men. But then we carried two
twelve-pounders and fifty good rifles, so we deserved fair treatment,
and received it. We landed on very many of the islands, and saw a good
deal of the natives. Their conduct was mixed. So was ours. We paid
well for everything we required in the way of wood, water and fresh
provisions, when they were civil to us, and when they were the other
thing we still took our requirements, and they took the other thing.
So we sailed on, strong in the knowledge of our rectitude and
integrity, and confident in our ability to take care of ourselves.

Well, we had a rollicking good time of it. But we did not find that
copper island, nor anything else we wanted of any great value. We
therefore turned our attention to trading, in which peaceful pursuit
we were very successful.

Our strength in numbers, our discipline, and our skill with our
weapons, overawing most of the savage islanders, enabled us to put in
with impunity to places where smaller parties dared not have ventured,
and also ensured us fair treatment, a good market and prompt payment.
So we prospered as gentlemen adventurers of a highly moral tone
deserve to.

One day we put in to an island where half the people, under the
guidance of an old American missionary, had turned into what they
called Christians, the remaining half still retaining their ancient

The missionary was a dear, good old chap, as simple and confiding as a
child, and it was very difficult to understand how such a cute nation
as America could have produced such a man. I do not know to what
brand of fancy religion he belonged, but he was not Church of England
or Roman Catholic. Anyhow, he was a good man, and we respected him

Now in a bit of a blow we had had a few days before we had been
somewhat damaged, and seeing that the lagoon in which we were anchored
was a very safe one, and the natives fairly civil, our skipper
determined to remain a few days to complete the necessary repairs. So
we landed a lot of stores, and started trading for bêche-de-mer, which
animal the natives caught in large quantities.

During our trading I made the acquaintance of the head devil dodger of
the pagan crowd, and found him to be not half a bad old fellow. He
was, naturally, rather bitter at the desertion of the half of his
parishioners, and gave me to understand that his tithes had so
decreased that he could barely make a living, and that the island was
not, in his opinion, large enough to support two rival churches. So,
judging I was a knowledgeable man, he asked my advice on this point.
He also requested my active assistance to aid him in his endeavours to
regain his rightful emoluments and status.

His first proposal was that he should kill his rival sky-pilot; but
that I forbade, and impressed on him the fact that if he hurt the
missionary a ship of war would quickly come and blow him and his
island galley west. He next proposed that I, to show my friendship,
should oblige him so far as to kill the missionary for him. This
proposition was, of course, decidedly negatived. Then he suggested
that I should at least shoot the boss convert, the next cause of my
old friend's trouble. Again I had to refuse, and explained to him
that the quarrel was not mine, and that the white man's God only
allowed us to kill one another in pukka (war).

Then he requested the loan of my rifle to do the deed with himself;
but I opened the breech and let him look down the barrel, explaining
to him that only a Christian could use that weapon, as a heathen, not
possessing the spirit of the true faith, might receive damage from the
breech. He shook his head and intimated that it was a weary, weary
world and full of disappointments. But an old flint-lock musket among
the trade goods catching his eye, he begged to examine it, and seeing
it had no opening at the breech he at once said that it was the very
weapon he had dreamed of with which to right his wrongs. Would I give
it him?

I am not a business man, but yet I suggested that I should like
payment for it in bêche-de-mer or whales' teeth. Alas! he was a poor
man, he had none; but would I not lend him the gun, just to shoot one
Christian with? I pointed out the dangers he ran in attempting to do
such a thing. The mana (spirit) of the Christian God was far stronger
than the mana of his pagan ancestors, and most likely if I lent him
the musket it would only bring trouble on himself, and he would be
sorry for it. He, however, refused to grasp my reasoning, sound as it
was; so knowing quite well what would happen, I lent him the old
flint-lock. He was delighted, and promptly borrowed two handfuls of
coarse black powder to feed it with. These he carefully poured down
it, then rammed home various chunks of coral, pebbles, etc., topping
up with a fid of rag.

At my earnest request he moved a short distance from my camp, to a
spot where he dug a shallow hole in the sand, in which he lay dogo,
and waited with great patience for his Christian friend to come along.
Towards evening come along he did. I knew the bounder by sight and I
did not admire him. Christianity, as a rule, does not improve the
manners of the gentle savage, and it certainly had not added to this
Johnny's stock of humility, for he swaggered along with as much side
as a new-made Lance Jack, bumptious cheek being written all over him,
in fact he looked the very quintessence of insolence and cheap pride.

Presently he arrived within a few yards of the spot where Nemesis
awaited him, and where he was to receive a shock that was to fill him
with the fear of the Lord for a considerable period of time.

Yes, indeed he was just within a yard or two of the little heap of
sand that masked the old devil dodger's ambush when that ancient
worthy rose up and, holding the old gun out at the full stretch of
both arms, shut his eyes, pulled the trigger and let go. For a moment
the powder fizzled in the touch hole, then off it went with the report
and recoil of a 32-pounder. Where the charge went the Lord only knows,
but the report, flame and smoke were quite enough for the Christian.
He turned and fled, and went round the bay, at a pace that would have
won him any Marathon race record in the world; and the last thing I
saw of him was a black dot on the white beach, disappearing round a
far cape and still travelling as if the devil had kicked him edgeways.

If the report had upset the equanimity of the convert, the recoil had
been equally deadly to the equilibrium of the pagan. Struck full in
the face by the heel-plate of the old gun, he turned at least three
back somersaults; and when he came to the conviction that he was still
on this planet he rose up, and after straightening out and arranging
his scattered features, he went and looked at the old musket, and
solemnly cursed it for at least ten minutes. Then seeing it was now in
a state of quietude, he gingerly picked it up and, holding it at
arm's-length, brought it to me and handed it back, remarking sadly,
with a shake of his head: "This gun is no good."

Here I joined issue with him, and declared it to be a very good gun
indeed. Had it not knocked him over and over again, and that with the
peaceful end of it? Had it not made him see more stars in a few
minutes than he had ever before seen in his whole life? And if that
was the case to himself, had not even the talk of it caused his enemy
to run faster and farther than any mortal man had ever been known to
run before? Well, then, how much more damage would it not have done,
with its business end, had it only been directed by a man who
possessed proper mana in proportion to the strength of the gun? No,
the gun was a good gun, and the fault clearly lay with himself.

Again I not pointed him out the dangers he ran in attacking a
Christian? Had I not assured him that the mana of the white man's God
was far stronger than the mana of his pagan deities? Had he believed
me and taken my advice? No. Then who was to blame? Why, undoubtedly
himself; and consequently he had suffered for it.

This he was forced to allow, but then the same question cropped up
again. What was to be done? Could I not give him some sound advice?
Why, certainly. The best course he could pursue would be for himself
and people to at once turn Christians, and then, if they obeyed the
missionary implicitly, they would soon make up the leeway of mana that
the others had acquired, and he would be on the same plane as the
other josser.

To this he agreed, and swore he and his people would be converted
right away, and started off hot-toe to summon them.

I had just finished telling my comrades about my first attempt at
converting the heathen when who should appear but his Reverence
himself, in a terrible state of fluster.

Approaching me, he said sorrowfully: "Surely I am misinformed: surely
you did not lend a musket to one of these heathens with which to kill
one of my dear Christian converts."

I pleaded guilty. "Is it not written," I said, "'He that lendeth to
the poor giveth to the Lord'? This poor chap hadn't a musket of his
own so I lent him one."

The dear old fellow was very much shocked, but I convinced him that I
was fully aware no harm would come from my perhaps injudicious
kindness; and finally, on the appearance of my old friend, the knight
of the rueful countenance, with his leading people, who one and all
declared that they were convinced of the power of the Christian God,
and that they were all both anxious and willing to join his flock, his
sorrow turned to gladness, and he declared that Providence worked in
wondrous ways, and that now he was convinced that our visit had been a
great blessing to his community, although he had had at first grave
doubts upon the subject. He also returned thanks for the sudden and
wonderful conversion of the heathen, and declared that now the whole
island would become the home of one happy family, living together in
peace and harmony. I had my doubts; but he was such a good old fellow
that we all turned to and built him a swagger church, and endowed it
with a spare ship's bell we had on board.

So that when we left the dear old innocent took a tearful farewell of
us and gave us his blessing; and a really good man's blessing, like a
tinker's cuss, does no one any harm. He also prophesied we should all
meet again in heaven; but there again I have grave doubts, as I fancy
most of our crew were making for a more tropical latitude.

Well, I have never heard of that island since the day we left it, and
I have even forgotten its name; but I have always felt uncertain about
the happy-family part of the business, and fear his Reverence was
premature in the thanks he gave concerning it. For on the day we left,
on my presenting the exdevil dodger with an American axe, as a parting
gift, he gravely informed me that he felt the mana of the Christians
rising so strongly within him that as soon as he had acquired a few
more hymns and prayers he should feel strong enough to have another go
at his enemy, and he thought, this time, he would fetch him,
especially as my beautiful present would provide him with a beau-ideal
weapon that would do its work quietly and not kick back and destroy
its innocent proprietor. I may therefore be forgiven for my doubts on
the brotherhood, peace and harmony of that happy family.

I have never tried to convert any heathens since, but I sincerely hope
that my one attempt proved, in the long run, as profitable as our trip
to the South Seas did for us. But may I again remark, I hae ma doots.





  "There were giants in the earth in those days."

Of course ninety-nine out of every hundred old war dogs who have the
misfortune to retain their pristine longing for hard work and an
active life, when they are rapidly approaching the allotted threescore
years and ten of their existence, and maybe, like the writer, are
incapacitated by rheumatism, sciatica, tic-doloreux, housemaid's knee,
liver and the hump from ever participating again in such sports as
their hearts yearn for but their age and infirmities render
impracticable, sit down, and, instead of employing their remaining
years in making their souls, grouse and grumble at their bad luck,
blaming everyone except themselves (_bien entendu_) for their bad
luck, and maybe poverty, entirely forgetting the glorious years they
put in when they were able to lead a charge, rush a kopje, or back a
bucking horse with the best. Yes, and they are prone to belittle, and
perhaps to undervalue, the men who have shouldered them out and taken
their places in the fighting line, and who are at present responsible
for and are upholding the honour of our gracious King and glorious old
flag on the frontiers of our splendid Empire. "Yes, by gad, sir,"
growls one old war dog to another, "these present men are not worth
their salt, sir. They should have been with us, sir, fifty years ago,
then they would have known what privations and hand-to-hand fighting
meant. Nowadays they are fitted out with flat trajectory magazine
rifles, Maxim guns, pom-poms, and the Lord only knows what else, while
we had to fight with old muzzle-loading rifles, sneiders or
Martini-Henry's that were always jamming, etc., etc., etc." Grouse,
grumble, grouse: and so they go on _ad infinitum_.

Yes, it is very true men who are approaching the age-limit of
threescore years and ten had in their early manhood to fight with
inferior rifles to those that our gallant troops are armed with at
present, and, speaking from personal experience, deuced good weapons
we thought them, and were always game and happy enough to use them
when luck sent any fighting our way. Well, I have no doubt that in
those days our seniors were making the same remarks and passing
similar strictures on us, that we nowadays are passing on our
successors, and as they in their turn will bestow on theirs. Still
there is no doubt that, thanks to science and the enormous expenditure
of cash, the lot of the present-day fighting-man is infinitely better
than it was fifty years ago, while far more men and much better
material were employed on a war of conquest during the sixties and the
seventies of the last century than were deemed necessary fifty years
previously; in fact you may say it has been so way back to the days
of romance, when Samson used to play a lone hand against the
Philistines, or even when Sir Galahad and his compeers used
to start out holy-grailing, giant-killing, dragon-hunting or
lovely-maiden-rescuing. True, there are nothing like the hardships in
modern wars there were in those of the past, although I opine that the
Turks have just had about as bad a time of it as ever men wanted to
face; but then it has been sharp, quick and soon over, and entirely
due to their rotten Government allowing them to be caught on the hop.
(Please God the precious gang who at present misrule our country will
not put us into a like hole.) Still I doubt very much at the present
day if you could get troops of any nation to voluntarily face the
hardships that Pizarro's men had to undergo during the conquest of
Peru, or any of our young sybaritic loungers to don aluminium
waistcoats (much less steel ones) and go for a jaunt crusading as
their hardy ancestors did. But, mark time, the majority of the
progenitors of our nowadays gilded youths were in those times trading
in old clo's or doing a bit of stiff and not wearing metal vests and
unmentionables at all at all.

However, we will pass over the good ould toimes, when a rale
fighting-man had no need to insure himself with Lloyd George against
unemployment, and comedown to the nineteenth century--in fact the
years 1838-1839, when there were but few English in Natal, and the
black fiend, Dingaan, who had murdered his brother Tshaka, ruled the
roost in Zululand with his army of 50,000 bloodthirsty warriors. I am
not writing a book on the history of Natal, but, as 999 out of every
1000 Englishmen have probably never heard of Tshaka or Dingaan, and
are just as ignorant of the struggles of the early Settlers in the
garden colony of South Africa, I may state that, although Natal was
not officially occupied by British troops till 1842, when Captain
Smith of the 27th Regiment marched there with a portion of his corps
and a detachment of artillery and built a fort near Kongella, in which
he was speedily surrounded and besieged by the trek Boers under
Pretorius: yet small parties of Englishmen (good Lost Legionaries
every one of them) had years previously taken root in the vicinity of
where Durban now stands, where they carried on the usual pioneer
pursuits, such as hunting and trading with the natives. Yes; they had
taken root, and meant to hold their own and stick to their foothold in
the country, notwithstanding the jealousy and secret enmity of large
parties of trek Boers, who were crowding into Natal for the purpose of
forming a Dutch republic there. Well, the year 1838 had been a hot one
for the Boer trekkers, as in the early part of it Pieter Retief, a
chief, one of their most influential commandants, together with
seventy picked Boers and from thirty to forty picked Hottentots,
having visited Dingaan's kraal for the purpose of making a treaty,
were inveigled, unarmed, into the cattle enclosure, overpowered and
brutally murdered.

This act of treachery the savage monster quickly followed up with a
lightning raid into Natal, during which over 600 Boers, men, women and
children, were butchered with fiendish barbarity. This raid he
continued down to Port Natal, where the aforementioned few Englishmen
were forced to take refuge on board two ships that, providentially,
happened to be in the harbour. Later on in the year the Boer War
punitive expedition, under the celebrated commandant Piet Uys, were
ambushed and badly worsted, having to fall back, with the loss of
their O.C. and many men, so that the year 1838 is still regarded by
the Dutch inhabitants of South Africa as a very black year indeed.

Now the Zulu raid to Port Natal had upset the equilibrium of the
English settlers, who, being moreover very savage at the losses they
had sustained, determined to pay back the Zulu potentate in his own
coin. First of all they volunteered to join Piet Uys' commando, but as
he entered Zululand from the north they were left behind, and so
determined to form a punitive column of their own.

And, now I have reeled off this prosy prelude, let me tell you how it
was I first heard of the exploits of the first band of English Lost
Legionaries, who, although fighting for their own hand, made the
English pioneers in Natal respected and feared by both Boer and
savage, while the story also convinced your humble servant that, no
matter how good he fancied himself and his lambs to be, still, in the
near past, there were better and more daring men tailing on to the
halyards of the Old Rag than either he individually or all his flock
collectively were. And now let me trek.

It was during the latter end of December 1878, just previous to the
Zulu War, and forty years after the aforementioned incidents had
occurred in Natal history, that I was trekking through the Thorn
Country from Grey Town to Rourke's Drift, together with the staff of
the 3rd N.N.C., and we were camped for the day on the banks of the
Tugela River, when there arrived, at the same outspan, an old interior
trader, trekking out of Zululand. Now, as I was particularly anxious
to gain all the information I could about that country, I entered into
conversation with him, and eventually he accepted my invitation to
come over to my waggon, have some lunch and a yarn. Tiffin having been
discussed and pipes lit we were chatting on the probabilities of the
coming war when he noticed my M.H. sporting carbine and heavy B.L.
revolver that my servant had just cleaned, and at once requested
permission to examine them. After he had done so, and I had explained
to him the mechanism of the carbine and the flatness of its trajectory
in comparison with the sneider with which he himself was armed, he
heaved a sigh, and handing back the weapon said: "Ah, if the first
English army that invaded Zululand had been provided with such guns,
instead of old flint muskets, they might have won the day."

Smelling a yarn I replied: "I thought no English army had ever invaded
Zululand up to date."

My guest smole the pitying smile that an old-timer usually employs
when a new chum exhibits his ignorance or puts his foot into it and
queried: "Did you ever hear of Cane?"

"Oh yes," quoth I; "if you mean the cockatoo agriculturist who had the
first row with the boss of the original sheep-raising industry, I have
heard of him."

"No," responded my companion; "the party I allude to was no relation
of his--did not even spell his name the same way, though both of them
were handy with their dukes, and prone to go for their neighbours when
riled. By the way, what is the strength of your invading force?"

"Oh," said I, "about 6000 white men and an equal number of natives."

"And I suppose," queried he, "all your white men are armed with M.H.
rifles, and that you will take three or four batteries of artillery,
rockets, etc., and that a percentage of your natives will be armed
with rifles?"

I nodded assent.

"Well," he continued, "the first English army which invaded Zululand,
when Dingaan was at the zenith of his power, consisted of 18
Englishmen, perhaps half-a-dozen Dutchmen, 30 Hottentots and about
3000 Natal Kafirs, and they had only 400 old M.L. muskets to the whole

"Oh, come," said I; "you're trying to pull my leg."

"Devil a bit," said he. Then he spun me the following yarn, which
anyone may verify by perusing the late Mr D. C. F. Moodie's book, "The
History of the Battles and Adventures of the British, the Boers and
the Zulus in South Africa," from which volume I have not only
refreshed my memory, but have cribbed many paragraphs, which I shall
quote during my narration, as I consider the whole story to be so
incredible that it requires the evidence of an historian who, although
not present himself at the battle, was yet alive at that time and who
both knew and conversed with the survivors of the invasion.

After the raid made by Dingaan on Port Natal, in 1838, two Englishmen,
named John Cane and Robert Biggar, together with a few other British
adventurers smarting under the losses they had sustained, determined
to retrieve them and avenge their injured feeling by making a raid
into Zululand, for which purpose they mustered 18 Britishers, 5 or 6
Dutchmen, 30 Hottentots who were first-class, up-to-date fighting men
and less than 3000 Kafirs.

The number of fire-arms this motley outfit possessed was 400
old-fashioned muskets, which number included a few rifles and sporting
guns of that epoch, the great majority of the Kafirs carrying only
their shields and assegais, and this expeditionary force they called
the Grand Army of Natal. Thus equipped, these daring Lost Legionaries
crossed the Tugela in February 1839, and entered a mountainous broken
country, where one of the most bloodthirsty despots that Providence
ever allowed to exist awaited them, with an army of over 50,000 highly
trained warriors who had never before been beaten.

Long odds, my gentle reader? Yes; too long odds even for a bellicose
Irishman wid his back teeth awash wid the crater. Still, they did it,
and now I am going to quote Moodie.

Having crossed the Tugela River the advance guard encountered some
Zulu spies, and fired upon them, thus opening the ball. Ascending the
opposite hill they came upon the kraal of "Endonda Kusuka"--that is,
tardy in starting--and surrounded it before daylight. A detachment of
Dingaan's army was lying there, upon whom they opened fire with their
guns; when the inmates of the huts, finding the firing directed low,
took hold on the tops of the huts, holding by the sticks which formed
the wattle-work. This plan was, however, quickly detected, on account
of the huts sinking with the pressure, when the settlers directed
their fire higher up, and the people fell, wounded or dead. The whole
kraal was destroyed, the people being killed and the huts burnt. As
the morning of this awful day dawned, many of those who were attacked
lying dead and others being in the pangs of death, one of them said:
"You may do with me as you please, and kill me; but you will soon see
and feel the great Elephant"--meaning Dingaan's army. The Elephant
soon appeared, and crushed them to death under his ponderous feet. The
land was very hilly, the hills stretching out something like the
fingers of a man's hand when extended, rising to ridges in the centre,
and descending to deep ravines on each side; the kraal being near the
top of one of these ridges and reaching down the slopes on each side.
It was at a short distance from this kraal that the great Elephant
presented himself and uttered his piercing cry and terrific scream,
which, coming from thousands of infuriated savages, wrought to the
highest pitch of frenzy, must have had an appalling effect, being
enough to make the stoutest heart quail.

Dingaan did not appear in person in this notable battle, nor were the
old warriors allowed to fight, the young men being destined to win the
highest honours, and take the weapons of their foes as trophies to
perpetuate the memory of their conquest.

The Zulu captains commanding were Umahlebe, Zulu and Nongalazi. These,
with the old warriors, took their stand on the hill, from whence they
could see all that passed, and issue their commands accordingly.
Seven Zulu regiments were brought into the field of action. They were
flushed with three successive victories--first, the cutting-off of
Relief and his party at the great place; second, the slaughter of the
Boers in the Weenen district; and third, the defeat of Uys and the
dispersion of his people. Besides they were full of rage at the loss
of their cattle, women and children at Utunjambeli, and the
destruction of the kraal before their eyes, for which they were
burning to be revenged. These circumstances led them to fight with a
fury which could only be quenched in death. When they were shot down,
if they could crawl, they would take an assegai and try to inflict a
fatal stab on one of their bitter foes, rendering it needful to fire
upon them again and again until dead.

The Natal army had therefore to fight with the vigour of men whose
lives were in a fearful balance, and who were made desperate by the
greatness of the impending danger. They were drawn up near the kraal
in question, the English and Hottentots with muskets in front, and the
native aids with assegais in the rear. The first division of the Zulu
army came on with a fearful rush, but were met by the steady fire and
deadly shots of their foes, which cut them down like grass. They were
checked, broken, driven back and defeated, many lying dead and dying
at the feet of the settlers. Robert Joyce, or, as he was called, Bob
Joyce, a deserter from the 72nd Regiment, had ten men under him with
guns, besides Kafirs; and such fearful execution did they do that they
cut a pathway through the Zulu regiment as they approached, until the
Zulu commanders ordered a change in the mode of attack.

The first division, however, only retreated to make way for the Zulu
forces to come from different points favoured by the formation of the
hill. Cane sent Ogle's Kafirs to attack the Zulus on the south-west,
whilst he, with the main body of the Natal army, took the north-east.
When Ogle's Kafirs had dispersed these, they were to come round and
take the Zulus in the flank; instead of which, the hour of revenge
being come for some affront which they received at Cane's hands, when
they had dispersed the Zulus they fled to the drift, on which the Zulu
chiefs exclaimed: "O ganti baka balegane"--_i.e._ "They can run, can
they?" The sight of them running inspired fresh courage into the
Zulus, who now closed in from all quarters upon the diminished Natal
army, coming down as an overwhelming flood, the mighty masses of which
it was impossible to resist. The strife was deadly in the extreme. The
Zulus lost thousands of their people: they were cut down until they
formed banks over which those who were advancing had to climb, as well
as over the wounded, crawling and stabbing, tenacious of life, and
selling it dearly.

Cane fought hard and died of his wounds. A fine old Kafir who was
present gave me a description of his death. He was questioned about
other matters, but as soon as he came to this his eyes appeared to
flash with excitement and his hands moved in all forms to express the
firing of the guns and the stabbing with the assegais. He took a stick
and held one point to his breast to show where the assegai entered
Cane's chest. He then gave his companion another stick, to show how a
second assegai was buried between Cane's shoulders, Cane's gun was
lying on his left arm, his pipe in his mouth, his head nodding until
he fell from his horse and died. His horse was killed close by. The
last deed of this man was tragical. One of his own people who had
thrown away his badge was coming to snatch the assegai from his back
when Cane, supposing him to be a Zulu, shot him at once over his
shoulder. Stubbs, another of the Englishmen, was stabbed by a boy, and
when he felt it was his death wound exclaimed: "Am I to be killed by a
boy like you?" Biggar fell close by. The Natal army being surrounded
and cut up, heaps of slain lay dead upon the field, to be devoured by
beasts of prey, their bones being left to bleach under many summer
suns. The work of destruction was, however, not yet complete. No
sooner had the leaders fallen than the Natal Kafirs threw away their
badges and shields, and seized the shields of the Zulus in order to
favour their escape, whilst the swiftness with which they could run
was their best defence. But in making their escape the Zulus knew
their ground, and that the river must be crossed, and they therefore
so surrounded them as to compel them to take one only course. In
flight then these wretched beings had no alternative but to take a
path at the bottom of which there is a descent of 100 feet
perpendicular to the river, having deep water at the bottom, and so
numerous were the bodies heaped upon each other in this great grave
that at length, instead of leaping, they walked over the bodies of
those who filled the chasm. One of those who made the leap was Upepe,
who was stabbed as he went under water by a Zulu, who cursed him and
said: "I have finished you"; but the death wound was not given, for
the man escaped.

In order to complete the dire destruction of this day of blood and
death, a division of Zulus were sent round to cut off those who might
escape by the river. These men were to be seen up to the armpits in
the stream, stabbing any who might be in danger of escaping; and very
few gained the opposite bank and lived. It was here that another
leader, Blankenburg, was killed. Of the few who escaped, some swam,
some dived, and some floated along, feigning to be dead. One Goba
crossed the river four times and was saved at last. Petrus Roetrzie,
or "Piet Elias" as better known by many, entered the river lower than
most of the others, and got into the long reeds of the opposite bank,
where the Zulus searched for him in vain.

In this terrible battle fell John Cane, Robert Biggar, John Stubbs,
Thomas Carden, John Russell,--Blankenburg, Richard Wood, William Wood,
Henry Batt, John Campbell,--Lovedale and Thomas Campbell, with two or
three other white men, leaving not a dozen to return and tell the tale
of woe. Of the Hottentots three or four returned; and of the Kafirs
very few except Ogle's. The few who escaped arrived at home singly,
many of them having been pursued nearly to the Bay of Durban, owing
their deliverance to the shelter of the bush and the darkness of the

Most of the particulars herein recorded I can vouch for as being
correct, having conversed with several who were engaged in the
transaction, and others who were residing in Natal at the time.

Here endeth the extract that I have taken from Moodie's aforementioned

Now, judging by the foregoing account of the battle of the
Tugela--which it must be remembered has been extracted, word for word,
from a history written by a knowledgeable gentleman of undoubted
veracity, who not only knew the survivors of the action, but had heard
the yarn from their own lips, and that the story told me by the old
trader who also had been acquainted with the majority of the men
composing the English army, he being a full-grown boy at the time, and
resident in Port Natal, coincided and agreed with Mr Moodie's
narrative in all the principal details--I think I am not far wrong
when I assert that the battle of the Tugela was a scrumptious one, in
which every man engaged must have enjoyed himself to the utmost of his
ability, and no one could subsequently grumble at not getting his fair
share of the fighting. Yet when you come to consider the numbers and
equipment of that invading force, and compare them with the resources
at Lord Chelmsford's disposal when he began to play the same game,
just forty years afterwards, and which were then declared to be
inadequate, you are forced to come to the conclusion that Cane and his
Lost Legionaries were a bit over-venturesome. For looking back at my
own experience in the Legion, I do not think I could ever have found
twenty men daring enough to undertake the same contract, and I am
quite certain that, even had the men been willing, I individually
should never have possessed sufficient pluck to have bossed the show.

The story of Cane and his daring companions, unheard of in England,
is, I fear, being rapidly forgotten in South Africa, but should any
patriotic Natalian with imperialistic convictions wish to perpetuate
the memory of those gallant adventurers, who, in despite of Boers,
savages, the devil, and the gasbags of Downing Street, formed the
advance guard of the settlers in his lovely country, and see fit to
raise a subscription to build a cairn in commemoration of the pluck,
or call it foolhardiness--if you like--of the first army of Natal, I,
poor old sinner as I am, will gladly plank down my mite. Yes, by gad!
I will, even if I have to forgo my baccy for a month to raise the oof.
For, by the great gun of Athlone! those men were men, and died like
men, and may the British Empire never run short of Lost Legionaries of
like kidney!

And now, before the call of "lights out" is sounded, let me relate
briefly another deed of daring, performed by one of the old-time Natal
settlers, and as I am not writing a history of Natal, but only
recounting a few well-authenticated facts of heroic bravery, carried
through by a handful of Lost Legionaries, it will suffice to remind my
reader that Port Natal was occupied for the first time by British
regular troops in May 1842, when Captain Smith (27th Regiment), with
200 men and two field pieces, arrived there. He at once entrenched
himself on the flat ground near where the city of Durban now stands,
in which camp he was speedily surrounded, and cooped up by an
overwhelming number of trek Boers. This rendered it absolutely
necessary for the beleaguered O.C. to communicate with his superiors
at the Cape, so as to warn them of his dangerous position, and to
request immediate reinforcements. But how to communicate was the
problem that required solving, and it was solved, thanks to the
devotion and undauntable courage of one of the early settlers, who
promptly volunteered to carry the despatch.

Now despatch-carrying during war-time is by no means a salutary
occupation, even when the distance is short, and the country over
which it has to be carried is open, with decent roads. What then is
the said duty to be called, when the bearer has to traverse a distance
of 600 miles, through thick bush, dangerous swamps, rugged mountains,
and across innumerable rivers, very many of which have to be
negotiated by swimming. Also please bear in mind that this delectable
country through which the orderly must travel swarmed with hostile
tribes, and was infested with wild animals, such as lions, leopards,
elephants, etc. Troth, I call such a contract a decidedly unhealthy
one. Yet such was the nature of the road Richard King had to travel
alone, and bedad! he did it so successfully, for after being ferried
across the harbour with two horses, on the night of the 25th May 1842,
he slipped past the Boer pickets, and overcoming all the difficulties,
and passing through all the manifold dangers met with on the journey,
he delivered his despatches ten days after his start.

I regret exceedingly I am unable to recount the details of that
wonderful feat of skill, pluck and endurance, although I was told them
by one of King's relatives, nor am I aware that the yarn has ever been
written; for I remember, having done a bit of despatch-riding myself,
how much I was entranced by the narrative, and have always considered
Richard King's exploit to be a record worthy to be treasured in the
annals of the "Legion that never was listed," and I am sure that most
of my readers will allow I am right when I again assert "there were
giants on the earth in those days."



Yes, you are quite right in saying that there must have been many
queer as well as hard cases in South Africa during the seventies and
eighties of the last century. Some of these I met, and knew well, and
if I had been asked, during that period, to assign the biscuit to
anyone of them in particular, I should without hesitation have handed
it to one whom I shall call Mad Conway: a sobriquet he had earned by
his wild pranks and escapades. As I said, this was not his name, but
anyone who resided either in Kimberley, Free State or Transvaal,
during those years, will at once recognise who is hereby designated,
or at all events will do so when they have read a few lines further.
Now Mad Conway had also another nickname, as he was likewise called,
especially by the Boers, Vrei Stadt Conway; the prefix having been
earned by his numerous deeds of reckless gallantry, performed while
fighting for the Free State against the Basutos, during the war of
1865-1868. Yes; Mad Conway was a caution, and in his own line of
business stood out unique. Let me describe him, and recount a few
incidents in his wild career.

To begin with, he was a cadet of a fine old English county family,
some of the members of which were celebrated in the world of English
sport during the early part of the nineteenth century, and whose
name, like that of Osbaldistone, is still treasured by all true
votaries of Diana. Well, Conway in no way disgraced the family
reputation as a horseman, he being one of the very best I have ever
seen, and would, provided his lot had been cast in the shires, have
gained a place in sporting song and story as well as his ancestors.
After having been sent home from Eton for some mad escapade, he joined
a crack cavalry corps, and had to send in his papers, owing to his
having mistaken his colonel's pet charger for a horse belonging to a
newly joined cornet. Now this charger was held as sacred in the corps
as the mares of Mahomet were held by the Moslems, but Conway, after a
heavy night in the mess, converted it, with considerable artistic
taste and skill, and a couple of pots of paint, into a zebra.

On leaving the service--as he was over head and ears in debt to the
Jew sharks, who in those days battened on the follies of young
officers--troth! they do it still, when not more lucratively employed
in the art of bogus company promoting, and other congenial
pursuits--his people thought a _tour du monde_ would be a salutary
exercise for him, and that if he could pick out some salubrious spot
about half-way round, and make a permanent camp there, why, so much
the better for them. So Mad Conway landed in South Africa some time in
the fifties. Now what he originally intended to do there I don't know,
and I don't think he knew himself; but he certainly wandered all over
the country, taking a hand wherever the chance occurred in any Kafir
fighting that might be going on, and putting in his spare time
big-game hunting and exploring.

In both these congenial occupations he quickly gained the reputation
of being a man utterly devoid of fear, while the wild and fantastic
pranks he would play when he happened to be in a town made him an
object of wonder and astonishment to both the phlegmatic Boers and the
lazy Portuguese, some of them even causing his own more up-to-date and
reckless countrymen to open their eyes. During this period of his
existence he accompanied two successive expeditions that were
organised for the purpose of searching the lower reaches and delta of
the Zambesi for a gold-laden dhow that the Portuguese had sunk in the
early part of the century, so as to prevent her capture by an English
cruiser. On both these occasions Conway was the only European who
survived the attacks of fever and wild beasts, and although, on the
second trip, they actually located the dhow, still, before they could
clear the drifted sand from off her his last surviving mate died.
Conway always declared that, notwithstanding the awful hardships he
had undergone, he would have stuck to the job, lone handed, and would
have scooped the jack pot himself, but the dop (common Boer-made
peach-brandy) cask gave out, and as that and quinine were his sole
diet, he had to chuck the contract before he could touch the geldt.
Darned bad luck, he called it, especially as the long war waged by the
Zambesi natives against the Portuguese, at that time breaking out,
prevented him from having another try for the plunder. Reaching
Delagoa Bay, thanks to the kindness of the officers of one of H.M.
cruisers, he wandered up to the Transvaal, and took a turn on the
early goldfields. Doing no good, he drifted away to the Free State,
where, as aforementioned, he earned the name of Vrei Stadt Conway by
his feats of reckless daring. Let me recount one of them.

During one of the numerous unsuccessful attacks made on the
impregnable mountain Thaba Bosigo, the principal stronghold of the
great Basuto chief Moshesh, a gallant Dutchman was wounded and
captured by the natives. This poor chap, having been duly tortured,
was crucified on the very summit of the mountain. Moshesh at once
declared that the poor remains were to be regarded as his standard,
and at the same time sent an insolent message to the Boers, stating
the fact, and challenging them to come and pull it down. This brutal
and contemptuous message deeply enraged the Boers, and was all the
more galling as the poor fellow's remains hung in full view of the
Dutch laagers. Something must be done at once; so the farmers' war
council determined to recover the body, and called for volunteers to
do so. These being forthcoming, the attempt was made, but the party,
after fighting its way about half the distance up the mountain, having
suffered heavy loss, halted. They caved in, declared the undertaking
to be impossible, and point-blank refused to make any further effort.
This sensible determination, or pusillanimity--call it which you like,
but remember a Boer is no coward--did not coincide with Conway's
temperament, he being one of the leaders. He had declared he would
bring that crucified corpse down, or would bust in the attempt, and if
his men refused to come any further, why, he and his Hottentot
arter-rider would go on alone; and, faith! the two of them went.
Troth, I forgot to tell you before that his mother was Irish, and when
the best of English hunting blood is crossed with the best of Irish
fighting blood it is deuced hard to stop the owner when on the
warpath. Well, subjected to a _feu d'enfer_, these two beauties scaled
the almost perpendicular cliffs, and reached the cross, which they
pulled down, and removed from it the battered remains. They then
turned to descend the mountain, only to find their one path down it
blocked by a strong party of the enemy, who had allowed them to do so
much, to make sure of capturing them alive, and then the following
morning there would be three crosses on the mountain instead of one.

This strategy on the part of the natives would have caused most men to
despair, and even the bravest of the brave, if cornered in a like
manner, could have only hoped to enjoy a last good fight, and sell his
life as dearly as possible. Mad Conway, however, thought otherwise. He
had declared he would bring the body down the mountain or bust, and as
the Basutos had blocked the only path down which he could carry it,
why naturally he could only keep his word by throwing it over the
krantz, and then, by following it himself, he would at all events balk
the enemy of their anticipated fun, and save himself from the horrors
of the torture stick. He and his faithful Tottie boy, therefore,
expended their remaining cartridges, and then, bundling the corpse
over the edge of the precipice, jumped after it themselves. No one
looking at Thaba Bosego would believe the possibility of a man going
over the edge of its perpendicular krantzes ever reaching the bottom
with a semblance of humanity left, much less that he could survive the
awful fall without every bone in his body being broken and life
crushed out of him. Yet Mad Conway and his Tottie boy did so, and
miraculously reached the foot of the beetling precipice, not only
alive, but comparatively unhurt. Then picking up the corpse they
carried it, under a hail of bullets, back to the schanze, where the
rest of the party awaited them. Now these men must have been blessed
with charmed lives, for although their scanty clothing was nearly shot
off their bodies they only received a few slight flesh wounds, until
they were just reaching the safety zone, when Conway was knocked over
with a bullet through his left leg.

Well, now I have given you a glance at the heroic side of this queer
card, let me turn the tables and spin you another yarn, so as to give
you some idea of the mad pranks he was capable of playing. Here goes.

At one time, during the long protracted struggle between the Free
State farmers and the Basutos, Conway was commandant of a small Dutch
dorp situated close to the border which, like all other Free State
villages, during war-time was laagered. Now Conway's commando had in
their possession an ancient six-pounder ship's cannon so honeycombed
that, had they fired it off, the probability is they would have made a
considerable hash of the gun's crew that served it. Still, it was a
real cannon that, when polished up and mounted on a pair of waggon
wheels, looked formidable. Well, mad Conway had this piece of antique
ordnance in charge, and being in his usual state of impecuniosity, and
the said cannon being the only available asset he could lay his hand
on, he one fine day determined to raise the gentle breeze of affluence
and also to remove a possible danger to himself and men by disposing
of the ancient bombard to the enemy, whose paramount chief, Moshesh,
was most anxious to obtain artillery at any price, be it ancient or
modern. This nefarious idea having been conceived, he at once sent a
message over the border to Moshesh offering to sell it for 100 head of
prime cattle. Moshesh was delighted. All the preliminaries were
arranged: the time and place for the transfer of old scrap iron for
live stock was fixed upon, and the transaction was carried out, a
small party of Basutos bringing 100 head of splendid oxen across the
border, which they handed over, receiving the old carronade in return.
Mad Conway, many years afterwards, declared to me that it was only
when the cattle were safely in his hands that the shameful wickedness
of his act struck him, and he realised that, no matter how worthless
the cannon might be, still he was an officer in the service of the
Free State, that he had sold their war material to their enemy, and
that by doing so he had forfeited his last shred of honour as an
English gentleman. In fact his conscience reminded him that he had
placed himself on the same low level as Mr Judas Iscariot, so he at
once turned-to, like the Hebrew traitor, to purge himself of his
shame. Now, my gentle reader, don't, please, imagine that Conway
handed back the cattle, or expended a shilling in buying a rope
wherewith to hang himself. No, not by a jugful; for he differed in
very many respects from the Hebrew gent and when his qualms of
conscience became too poignant for him to bear he turned out his
commando, made a tremendous forced march, overtook the gun escort,
which he surprised and routed, on their own side of the border, and
brought back the old thunderer in triumph.

Now some people may say that Conway had been guilty of decided sharp
practice over this gun deal, but he always asserted that if old
Moshesh could not keep possession of a purchased article after it had
been delivered to him, and he had taken it across the border into his
own territory, then he (Moshesh) was the only one to blame, and that
he had no cause to grumble. Anyhow, the recapture of the gun
reinstated Conway in his own self-respect, and as the sale of the
cattle brought him in some £500, I think you will agree with me that
he fared much better than the late Judas Iscariot, Esq.

Through the unjustifiable interference of the British Government, the
long war between the Free State farmers and the Basutos was brought to
an end in March 1868, so that Mad Conway must needs look out for
something else to do. He had gained great kudos in the field, and the
Free State Government not only passed a vote of thanks to him, but
also determined to add a more substantial token of appreciation, by
presenting to him a large farm, the title deeds of which were to be
delivered into his hands on the occasion of the last parade of the
Bloemfontein burghers, previous to their disbandment. Well, the
function was held, President Brand made his speech, and at the end of
it Commander Conway's name was called. The hero of the hour rode to
the front, to be welcomed by the plaudits of the men, and the
handkerchief-waving of the women. A fine figure of a man, and a superb
horseman, Mad Conway looked well as he reined up beside the President,
and one would have thought that the bestowal of such an honour would
have made even the most reckless dare-devil in the world conduct
himself with decorum. Moreover, Mr Brand was perhaps the one man in
South Africa who was highly respected, both by Briton and Boer, and
had frequently befriended Conway in many ways. But alas! the Fates
willed otherwise, for the reckless child of impulse, prompted by Ate
or Old Nick, as usual, fell away and behaved in a most shocking
manner. I said prompted by either Ate or Old Nick. Well, maybe they
were the original instigators, but they used deputies to carry out
their designs, for you see Conway had that morning imbibed many klein
soupjies, and President Brand was wearing a tall bell-topper hat. Of
course you will understand in a moment that a multifarious number of
tots might excite a hot-tempered, reckless fellow such as our friend,
but it may puzzle you why the hat of a respectable old gentleman
should arouse the somnolent devil in Mad Conway. Let me explain.

A tall bell-topper hat was, at that time, and for many years
afterwards, an aggression that up-countrymen, be they Boers or
Britons, could not stomach, for even in the latter eighties only two
men were allowed to wear them in Kimberley--one, as old hands will
remember, being Chief Justice Buchanan, and the other Donald McKai,
the De Toits Pan market master. No one else, no matter what his status
might be, possessed the temerity to appear in public wearing one; for,
had he done so, it would have suffered the same fate as the
presidential Golgotha did, on the occasion of which I am writing. Yes,
bedad! and it did suffer, for Mad Conway had no sooner been given the
title deeds of the farm, and had uttered a few words of thanks for the
complimentary speech, and the honorarium he had received, than he
waved his right arm wildly over his head and brought his fist down
flop on the presidential bell-topper, which after emitting a drum-like
thud, collapsed over the ears of its portly wearer. Then there was the
deuce to pay and no pitch hot. Had anybody else been in Conway's boots
he would have been massacred at once by the infuriated burghers, but
seeing it was Conway, and being accustomed to his crazy vagaries, they
sat on their horses and stared open-mouthed at the extraordinary
spectacle, while the President attempted to struggle out of the ruins
of his battered _chapeau_. In a moment Conway was himself again, was
off his horse and assisting the President in getting rid of his
encumbrance, at the same time pouring out a volume of excuses, and
censuring himself for his confounded clumsiness. These excuses the
dear old man accepted, and, in fact, in a few moments was acting as
comforter to the brazen scallywag, so that the latter emerged from
what might have been a desperate fix with honour and emolument.

Now let me tell you how I fell across this queer character. I think it
must have been about the end of the year 1883 that I, who was at that
time working as a digger in Bullfontein, received an invitation to
dinner from an old brother officer residing at the New Rush, for the
purpose of meeting Mad Conway, who had drifted down to the diamond
fields from the Transvaal. Of course, like everyone else in South
Africa at that time, I had heard heaps of yarns about him, but
although we had both served in the same wars we had somehow or other
never met; so I joyously accepted the invitation. On my arrival at my
friend's house I was introduced to this noted madcap, who turned out
to be a well-dressed, well-groomed, well-set-up man, who, although
past middle age, looked as hard as iron and tough as whipcord. The
dinner passed off well, myself and others being kept in a roar of
laughter by the extraordinary yarns he related, together with the
inimitable pantomime with which he illustrated them. Mad Conway had
sojourned on the diamond-fields in the earlier days, and had literally
been hunted from off them, his exodus being so thoroughly in keeping
with the man's whole career that I think you will pardon me should I
digress and recount it. You see, it was in this way. Conway was as
usual over head and ears in debt, and one fine morning he heard that
writs were out against him for civil imprisonment. This was an
indignity that sent him hopping mad, so jumping on to his horse he
galloped to the Court House. _En route_ he encountered the
bum-bailiff, who, mounted on an old pony, was looking for him, and who
was fool enough to try and stop him. Waving a sheaf of blue papers in
his hand, he called on Conway to pull up, at the same time turning
his nag athwart the road in an attempt to stop him. It was only an
attempt, for the next moment the messenger of the Court and his
gee-gee were heaped up in the sluit, while his scattered documents
were being rapidly torn up by a mob of laughing, cheering diggers.
After his successful charge, Conway cantered on to the Court House,
through the sacred portals of which he rode his excited and plunging
horse. Scattering the limbs of Satan and the grimy scum usually to be
found in such establishments to the four winds of heaven. "----"
shouted he to the horrified magistrate. "I heard you had been signing
some d----d arrest papers against me, so I just dropped in to tell
you, you can shove them where the monkey shoved the nuts. So long."

"Stop him! Arrest him!" cried his outraged worship, as Conway swung
his horse round, and two policemen made a half-hearted attempt to do
so, but were ridden over and dispersed.

"Whoop, gone away," yelled Conway, as he emerged into the Free State
road and burst through a squad of mounted police. "If you want to
catch me try to."

They wanted to catch him very badly, and tried very hard to do so, but
the veld was close handy and, Lord bless you! they might as well have
tried to rope a sunbeam as to round up Mad Conway once he had gained
the open plains; so that after he had played with them until, I
presume, he got thirsty, he just turned his horse's head for the Free
State and cantered across the frontier, leaving his baffled pursuers
to ride their knocked-up horses back to the disgruntled beak. This
escapade took place just before he joined the irregular forces who
were carrying on a desultory sort of warfare with Sekukuni. It was
while serving with this disorganised crowd that Conway mated with an
ex-naval lieutenant as like himself in character as two peas are in
appearance. Faith, they made a bonny half-section, for what one did
not know in the way of devilment, the other could teach him. Well, it
was just before the time when the aforesaid irregular forces were to
be reorganised. Sir Garnet Wolseley was on his way up country, so were
strong reinforcements, and the atmosphere was thick with shaves as to
what was going to happen. Now, it was just at this moment this brace
of beauties found themselves to be in a dilemma: they were both
stonybroke. True, they were accustomed to be so, and as they had both
been appointed to irregular corps about to be embodied, possessed
smart uniforms and first-rate horses, they thought it would be a hard
matter if they could not manage to raise a fortnight's board and
lodging of the best, together with the necessary liquid, in liberal
quantities, _bien entendu_, from somewhere or other. Now half-a-day's
ride from where they were located was an up-country dorp, in which was
a canteen of such pretensions that the owner, a leery old Scotsman,
called it a hotel. He was, like many of his countrymen, exceedingly
avaricious, and prided himself on his cuteness, making a brag that no
one could impose upon him. For many years he had enjoyed the monopoly
of such trade as passed through the little township, but latterly
another individual had opened an opposition shop, which, as it was
slightly more up-to-date, filled the old sinner with apprehension, and
rage, especially as hard cash was very scarce in the Transvaal at
that date. Well, it was this close-fisted old Boniface that our brace
of worthies determined to victimise, although to anyone else an
attempt to do so would have looked very hopeless indeed. Now mad
Conway was so well known in the dorp, especially by the said Boniface,
that it was utterly useless for him to try to obtain credit for a tot
of dop, as the publican would sooner see the liquor on his shelves
than trust anyone for a shilling. But at the same time he was well
aware that Conway had held, and was likely again to hold, a fairly
high position in military circles. The other partner, however, was a
perfect stranger. So this was the way the two scamps worked the

One fine morning Conway cantered up to the old Scotsman's hotel, into
which he strode with a bustling, dutified air. "Swan," quoth he,
"Colonel ---- (mentioning the well-known name of one of Sir Garnet's
principal staff officers) will be here in a few minutes. He is riding
in advance of the General, so as to make arrangements for the
accommodation of Sir Garnet and his whole staff, who will be staying
in this dorp for some considerable time. The Colonel was recommended
to go to the new hotel, but I, who am acting as his guide, have
persuaded him to try you first of all, to see if you can furnish the
necessary requirements. Of course you will have to do your very best,
furnish the best rooms, supply the very best food and liquor, and all
that sort of thing, and the Colonel will require a private
sitting-room, in which to carry on his correspondence, while he is
awaiting the General's arrival."

Old Swan nosed what he thought was going to turn out to be a most
profitable bit of business. He had heard of the enormous sums of money
squandered by the Imperial Government during the late Zulu war, and
his fingers fairly itched at the chance of being thrust into the
plunder pot. In a moment he was all smiles and attention, even going
so far as to promise to turn out, at a moment's notice, all his usual
guests and to reserve the whole of the house for the great man and his
staff. Throwing open the door of his own cosy sitting-room, he
inquired if Conway thought that would do until a better one could be
provided, and also asked if he should be doing right to invite the
Colonel to have a drink on his dismounting.

"Well," said Conway, "I should hardly do that, as perhaps Colonel ----
may be one of those rabid teetotallers who do not like to drink in
public, but you had better place a bottle of whisky, one of brandy,
yes, and perhaps one of gin, together with some soda-water, and a box
of your very best cigars on that buffet, and if he should help himself
you will then know whether he drinks or not. Ah, by Jove! here he

A fine stalwart figure, clothed in undress uniform, rode slowly across
the big market square and, reining up at the front door, leisurely
dismounted. Handing his horse over to the grinning Tottie hostler, he
coolly scanned the front of the premises and the surroundings. Out
rushed the obsequious host, more leisurely followed by the debonair
but still respectful Conway.

"Ah, Conway," drawled the new-comer, "so we have arrived at last, and
this is the hotel you recommended, is it? Well, perhaps it will do,
though I must confess I like the appearance of the other one better.
Still, I have no doubt our worthy host here will do his best to make
us all comfortable, especially as our stay here may be rather a long
one. Let us step inside and see what accommodation he has to offer, as
you know how particular Sir Garnet is."

Enter the bandits, who are shown over the house by the palpitating
innkeeper, whose ears at the illusion about the more attractive
appearance of the rival house are aching as if struck by an acute pang
of tic doloreux and he forthwith promises at once to carry out the
most frivolous suggestions, and there were many of them, of the
somewhat haughty and exacting S.O.

"And now you have shown me the house," quoth the latter, "perhaps you
will be good enough to show me my private sitting-room, in which I
think, Conway, as I am somewhat fatigued by my long ride, we might
indulge in a biscuit, and on this occasion, although I hardly ever
take anything stronger than tea, I think I will venture, Mr Swan, on a
glass of your best sherry or pontac; and by the way, Mr Swan, at two
o'clock you will be good enough to let us have the best and most
substantial lunch you can furnish at such a short notice. Ah, this
will do very nicely"--as the deluded innkeeper threw open the door of
his own snuggery and ushered his stonybroke guests inside. The room
looked like a cosy miniature bar, for the the small buffet was loaded
with bottles, plates of delicately cut sandwiches, biscuits, and a big
box of extra-special prime cigars, while the canvas water-cooler was
full of bottled ale and soda water.

Well, our two adventurers were in clover, and so well did they employ
their opportunity that old Swan, who had been bragging to all his
usual bar frequenters about having secured the General's custom, and
chuckling to himself over the huge bill that, in the future, he would
present, which would be duly paid in bright English gold instead of in
worthless Transvaalian greenbacks, was fairly wild with greed and
pride. There was, however, one small cloud on the horizon: the Colonel
had stated that he rarely touched anything stronger than tea, and the
tea-drinker is not nearly so profitable a customer to an up-country
innkeeper as one who imbibes expensive drinks at short intervals
during the day. This gloomy conjecture he confided to his circle of
cronies, who condoned with him, but the cloud, however, was to be
quickly blown away, for after he had summoned his guests to their
lunch he rushed back into the bar and exclaimed: "Tea-drinker, does he
call himself? Tea-drinker, ma certes! Why, they have finished the
sherry; they've finished the pontac; they've finished the brandy and
more than half finished the whisky, and the Colonel has ordered two
big bottles of champagne for their tiffin. Yes, and I'm blest if
they've turned a single hair. Tea-drinker indeed! My word, if the
General and the remainder of the staff drink tea like the Colonel, and
are half as drouthy, they will drink the dorp dry in less than a
week." And the old fellow rubbed his hands as he booked the amount for
the liquor consumed and chortled over the anticipated profits.

Well, to cut a long story short, our two penniless heroes lived for
over a week on the very fat of the land, their Gargantuan repasts and
the amount of liquor they consumed causing wonder and astonishment in
the quiet dorp. But the end of their bean-feast was at hand. Sir
Garnet, they knew, was in the vicinity. Prudence warned them to
absquatulate, and they determined to cut their lucky, before the
inevitable _dénouement_. One evening, therefore, they informed old
Swan that the expected great man would arrive the next day, that they
were riding out in the morning to meet him, and they conjured him to
have things ready for his reception. Next morning, with their wallets
filled with the best cigars, and their flasks full of the best cognac,
they rode gaily away on their quest, and, bedad! it was high time for
them to do so, as they had not proceeded two miles out of the dorp
before they met the real Simon Pure, with all his staff, escort and
mule waggons _en route_ to the village they had just quitted. Well,
they were all right: the paymaster had arrived, all arrears would be
paid up, the war would start again, they had had a high old time of
it, and they lapsed into roars of laughter when they thought of old
Swan and the fury he would be in when he found out he had been hoaxed.
Yes, old Swan's consternation and rage were beyond description when
the General's cavalcade, instead of pulling up at his highly decorated
house, proceeded to that of his hated rival, from whence, after a
short interview between Sir Garnet and the landrost, it continued its
way to parts unknown. Truly the old fellow's provocation was great.
Not only had he been put to much expense by the alterations to his
house, but the bill run up by the two marauders was a very big one,
and then the chaff that he would have to submit to, because he, who
fancied himself to be more than cute, had allowed himself to be taken
in and done down by a well-known bad hat like Mad Conway. No; it was
not to be tolerated, so he called for his horse and his two-shot
scatter gun, for the purpose of going in pursuit, but on second
thoughts that was far too risky a job, so he got drunk, and goaded at
last to desperation by his wife's clacking tongue tried to beat her,
but she, being a strong-armed suffragette, took the contract out of
his hands and gave him the devil's own thumping. So the poor old
fellow subsided and submitted to having his leg pulled with the best
grace he could muster. There was, however, a little balm in store for
him, as after the two freebooters had had some financial dealings with
the paymaster they sent him a good round sum of money; for they were
both men who did not object to paying their debts when they had the
coin, and remembered to do so. This remittance, although it brought
relief to his avarice, still did nothing to assuage his injured
self-respect. He had been taken in and hoaxed. The yarn spread all
over the country, and he was unmercifully chaffed to the day of his
death about the way he had entertained Mad Conway and the counterfeit
Colonel. It was, however, to be the last escapade of the latter, as
the poor fellow was shortly afterwards killed while gallantly leading
a desperate rush at Sekukuni's Mountains.

I, however, had started telling you about my personal experiences
with Mad Conway. Well, after I met him at dinner, I saw a good deal of
him, and one day he asked me to come for a drive with two of his
friends, who owned a very smart turn-out, to a well-known drift across
the Vaal River, where there was an hotel. We were to start on a
Saturday afternoon, stay there the night, and return the next day. He
promised me a lively time, as two of the team of four horses were
unbroken, and the other two, although splendid animals, possessed all
the vices that gee-gees can be either born with or acquire. The
distance was about twenty-five miles, the road was good, across a
dead-level flat, which, like most of those in Grigualand West, was
thickly sprinkled with ant-heaps, from about a foot to two and a half
feet high. Well, perhaps the characters of the horses and that of the
two other men who were to accompany us, both roaring blades, to say
nothing about the well-known recklessness of our Jehu, might have made
a nervous old gentleman give pause and refuse the invite; but then you
see at that time I was not a nervous old party, and although I have no
wish to claim an inordinate amount of pluck or recklessness still as I
was blue mouldy for the want of a bit of divarsion, and knew Conway to
be one of the best whips in Africa, I gladly accepted. The start was a
trifle exciting, our two companions turning up just about half-seas
over, while the horses promised to act up to their evil reputations.
However, the trap was a brand-new Cape cart, and the harness of the
very best, so that after some little circus play Conway managed to get
the nags to move off, and we started. The drive through the diggings
was accomplished, thanks to Conway's masterly management, in safety,
for although we scattered like chaff many groups of niggers, we only
upset two Parsee pedlars and one Chinaman, the balance of the damage
done being the demolishment of a coolie's habitation, which was
constructed out of material that at one time had been paraffin and
sardine tins. This accident caused the pious Hindoo who owned the
shattered tin-heap to swear horribly and spit just like an angry cat;
but I don't think we killed anybody. When we reached the veld and were
on the broad, open waggon road, the horses, thanks to the splendid
handling of our charioteer, settled down to a swinging pace. There was
but little chance of our meeting anyone, the scores of high-heaped
produce and wood waggons trekking into Kimberley being, at that time
of day, all drawn off the road and outspanned, as were also the empty
waggons homeward bound, and I firmly believe we should have reached
our destination in safety had it not been for the conduct of the other
two passengers. The drive was most exhilarating as we rushed through
the glorious air, and there was plenty of excitement in it too for a
man who was not a glutton; for although the road was a first-class
one, and quite flat, yet frequently, when we passed a group of
outspanned waggons, the Dutchmen's dogs would rush out and bark at us,
a proceeding that drove our unbroken and vicious horses nearly mad.
Yet I thoroughly enjoyed the drive, and no doubt should have done so
to the end, as the change from the slogging hard work of the mine,
with its dust and dirt, was delightful, while the slashing pace we
were going and the wild, fresh, veld wind roused my animal spirits
till I felt as exhilarated as a penniless small boy does when he is
presented with an unexpected half-crown. But, alas! we had other
spirits on board, and our two companions, who occupied the back seat
in the cart, partook of them freely, nor did they partake of them in
the orthodox manner, as the motion of the swinging cart made the use
of a glass and a mixing of _aqua fortis_ with _aqua fontis_ a somewhat
difficult matter; so they dispensed with the usual accessories and
swigged the whisky neat out of the bottle. Now this was a very
dangerous proceeding, especially as they had imbibed a fair skinful
previous to starting, and what with the natural high spirits
engendered by the drive, and the other spirits they loaded up in the
aforementioned manner, they became very tight indeed, and decidedly
uproarious. First of all they began to sing a song. That was a
failure. Then they began to chaff old Conway, which was dangerous; and
then they began to rattle and stamp their feet on the floor of the
cart, so as to make the horses more restive, which was both
unnecessary and foolish. Conway, the muscles of whose arms were
swollen to nigh breaking-point, took no notice of their crazy antics,
except to order them to stop monkeying, as it was all he could do to
hold and guide the half-maddened animals, but they paid no heed to his
admonitions. Then he cursed them with unction, but that succeeded no
better, till at last, thoroughly angry, he shouted out: "Oh, you want
a smash, do you? Well! by gad, you shall have one." And without
another word he bundled up the reins, which he threw on to the
leaders' backs, at the same time letting go a letter "S" cut with his
whip which impartially stung up every horse in the team, and then
sitting back he let go one of his well-known wild bursts of laughter.
At the moment this happened we were about five miles from the drift.
The road was perfect, but some two miles or more farther on there was
a sharp bend in it, and the problem to me was, would the maddened
horses keep to the road or take to the veld when they came to it. I
had not to wait long for the solution. The horses, the moment they
felt the whip, and found their heads loose, at once broke into a
tearing gallop. Reaching the bend in next door to no time, they took
to the veld and tore wildly across it, making straight for the long
line of willows that marked the river's bank. Here we were bound to
come a most unholy smash, provided we ever reached it, but I knew
there were far too many ant-heaps on the way, and to run against any
one of these, which we were sure to do, would be quite enough to upset
our apple-cart. From the moment Conway threw away the ribbons I knew I
must come an awful mucker, and had philosophically prepared myself for
the inevitable smash. He simply leant back in his seat, giving vent to
his peculiar bursts of laughter, while the other two, sobered up by
the danger, howled curses, entreaties and pious ejaculations in a duet
that would have been highly diverting under other circumstances. Now
events that are inevitable usually happen--at least, that is my
experience--and we had not travelled far across the veld when the
off-side wheel of the cart struck an ant-heap, some two feet high,
bang in the middle, when I immediately and involuntarily vacated my
seat. Yes; I left it in the same manner as a war rocket should leave
its trough, and I described the same sort of a flight as one of those
infernal machines very often used to do, for when I had described a
parabola through the air, and had reached the full height of the
trajectory, I turned a complete somersault. Then my specific gravity
bringing me back to mother earth, I landed on my feet, ran a few yards
so as to ease off the momentum of my flight, and came to a halt, devil
a cent the worse. This was luck, and I turned round to see what had
become of my companions, one or more of whom I feared must be badly
hurt. Conway was all right, that was evident, as he was sitting on an
ant-heap taking a pull at a bottle of whisky that had somehow escaped
the debacle. Looking round, I saw the horses still galloping, dragging
the remains of the cart, smashed to flinders, behind them. They
disappeared among the willows, and I could conjecture the awful mess
there must be at the foot of the river's bank. I longed to go to their
assistance, for I dearly love a horse, but I first turned to our two
mates, for although they were, in my opinion, far the worse brutes,
still they were human brutes, and fashion makes us serve them first.
Going to them as they lay amidst a debris of lamps, cushions,
karosses, etc., I saw one of them was not only knocked silly but had
broken his left arm and, by the way he breathed and looked, I
diagnosed concussion of the brain. The other had broken his left leg,
had acquired a beautiful gravel rash all over his face and was
swearing at old Conway with much volubility. I was rendering the poor
devils first aid, and begging Conway to walk on to the hotel to get
more help, when we were hailed from the road by a well-known Kimberley
sawbones, who, having providentially viewed the smash-up from a
cross-road, had borne down to our assistance. A mob of Dutchmen and
waggon boys were also on their way from the hotel, so I was able to go
and look after the horses, borrowing a Boer's rifle _en route_. On
reaching the poor beasts I found them lying in a tangled heap at the
bottom of a steep bank. The cart was smashed to matchwood, and I had
to shoot two of the nags, while the others we extricated with great
trouble, both of them being badly hurt.

This was the finale of my first joy ride with Mad Conway, and though I
enjoyed many subsequent ones, none of them were so exciting as the
first. I could yarn to you all night about this extraordinary critter,
and on some future date may give you further reminiscences about him;
but I think you will allow, from what I have told you, that he was a
very queer card indeed.



It has always been a source of wonder to me why so many people change
their religion, for, although I have never had the time, opportunity,
or perhaps the inclination, to study theology in any part of its
ramifications, and have never even read the Thirty-Nine Articles which
caused the fancy religionists not only to desert their Church, but has
now enabled them, through their co-operation with rebels, atheists,
socialists and a gang of men who, so long as they can hang on to
power, are ready to play any dishonourable game, to gratify their
rancorous spite in looting the said Church, my astonishment still
remains. Yet very many people of all classes are frequently chucking
up the faith of their fathers and joining another. No doubt some of
these are actuated by sincere religious convictions, but I think the
majority of them are prompted by the desire in some way to better
themselves in this life. For instance, to remove an obstacle that
prevents them from making an advantageous marriage, to succeed to
property, to advance themselves in society or to make money. Still,
there are plenty of people who swap their fire insurance policy for
other motives, not even so respectable as the few I have enumerated,
and one sinner told me that, having been a very bad hat during early
manhood, he had joined the R.C. Church as he had been assured that by
doing so he had cleaned his slate of the accumulation of his past sins
and had thereby choused Old Nick. This may or may not have been the
case, but anyhow he was very ready to contract fresh obligations with
the Old Gentleman, as before we parted he managed to swindle me out of
a fiver; so that after mature consideration I came to the conclusion
that he was not a brand that was likely to be snatched from the
burning, thanks to his change of religion, but was still a very bad
hat indeed.

Now anyone can understand, although he may not admire, a man who,
prompted by greed, love or interest, changes his mode of worship. But
the man who I am going to yarn to you about was not an individual of
this class, and, moreover, although he was most charitably disposed,
and always ready to plank down a cheque for any good purpose, yet as a
rule he did not pan out on religious matters at all, and knew as much
about dogma as a chimpanzee does about snowballing. But let me start
the yarn from the beginning.

During the latter eighties, when I was adjutant of the D.F.H., and was
located at De Toits Pan, there lived on the same diamond diggings a
man who carried on the trade of baker, and whom I shall designate by
his Boer name of Davy. Now Davy had begun life as a ship's baker, and
having followed the sea for many years had drifted up to the diamond
fields in the early times, had started in at his trade and had
prospered exceedingly, so that when I knew him he was a rich man, and
justly very popular with the diggers. In person he was of medium
height, thick-set, with great rounded shoulders, on which was stuck,
for he had not much neck to boast of, a huge round head that, owing
perhaps to the effects of early piety, was as devoid of hair as a
Little Englander is of patriotism. As regards manners, he was rather
brusque, and until he came to know you was a bit repellent, and was
totally uneducated. But he was a white man right through, and many a
score of women and children would have had to go hungry to roost,
during hard times, had good old Davy cut off supplying bread, although
the betting might be decidedly against his ever pouching a single
ticky (threepenny piece) of their money. Now, this old worthy, who as
a rule never attended any Gospel Mill, and was as devoid of theologic
controversy as one of his loaves of bread, nevertheless, whenever he
indulged in an occasional burst always developed the idiosyncrasy that
he must change his religion, and would promptly set to work to do so.
What faith he had been brought up in originally (if any) I know not,
and I doubt if he knew himself, but he tried all there were on the
diamond fields (and owing to the polyglot crowd located on the
diggings there were many), with the exception of the Hebrew, from
which ancient cult Davy shied, as he always affirmed there was an
obstacle in the way, which required to be removed before he could
become a proselyte in the Synagogue.

Well, one fine day shortly after Davy had exhausted the last available
religion, De Toits Pan was invaded by a commercial traveller in a
brand-new fancy faith, the name of which I forget, but it was one
freshly imported from America, and was guaranteed to be something
quite new, slick and up-to-date. In fact, its votaries might reckon
on a first-class ticket up to heaven, without any detention at the
custom-house, while, provided they subscribed liberally, they might
even expect to be transmitted there in a private fiery balloon. Now I
never knew the ritual of the band of brothers, as they called
themselves, but I knew it was necessary for a recruit, upon his
initiation, to be soused over head and ears in water, which was meant
to typify that all past sins would be washed away, although I guess it
would have taken more than one ducking in cold water to have made an
impression on the case-hardened iniquities of some of the converts who
joined the movement. Yes, by gad! it would have required scalding
water, soft soap, soda, and a wire scrubbing-brush to have shifted
their moral delinquencies. Still, if the tubbing did not purify their
immortal souls, it had a salutary effect on their hides, so we can
pass that part of the performance as O.K.

Now, this missionary, spiritual bagman, or call him what you like, was
at the first go-off of his raid very successful, doing a great
business and roping in very many proselytes, so many, in fact it made
the sky-pilots in the older established firms buck up, and look
askance. He laboured, however, under one very great disadvantage--viz.
there was no building in De Toits Pan procurable, large enough to
contain the necessary water tank, so that until one could be built the
numerous recruits had to be taken on the Sunday to the Modder River,
and be ducked therein. Well, just as the new movement was in the
hey-day of its popularity, good old Davy went on one of his rare
jamborees, and, _faute de mieux_, at once fell into line, signed on
as a brother, and on the following day (Sunday) went to the Modder
River with a number of other neophytes, male and female, to undergo
their preliminary water cure. Now it chanced that, on the same Sunday
evening, I happened to be chatting in the De Toits Pan club, when all
of a sudden in dashed Davy in a great state of perturbation. Rushing
up to the bar he demanded a double-headed whisky straight, which he
swallowed like an oyster, then promptly held out his glass for another

"Hullo, Davy," quoth one of those present, "you seem to be gulping
down the cratur with unction. I thought you would have been nursing
your new religious doctrines at this time of night."

Davy answered him not, but with a growl ordered the barman to refill
his glass.

"Why, Davy, what's the matter?" queried another. "What have they been
doing to you to capsize you in this fashion, and why don't you take
water with your pongello?"

"Water, indeed," snarled Davy. "I sha'n't want no water for another
month." And he made a motion to the barman to pass the bottle.

"Here, ease up, Davy," said I. "You've had enough. Leave the whisky
alone, and come over here. Sit down and tell us how you got on this
afternoon at the washing fête."

"Whoi," grumbled the old fellow, whom, it seemed, the third nobbler
had somewhat pacified, as he took the offered chair and proceeded to
light his pipe, "I didn't get on at all, and this new-fangled religion
ain't worth a cuss. 'Tain't one as any man with any common-sense 'ud
cotton to, and as for the sky-pilot, he's jist as hignorant as a

"Well, well, tell us all about it. Did you imbibe the faith?"

"Faith, be d----d!" he growled. "I didn't imbibe nothing except a
gallon or two of Modder River water." And he expectorated with
disgust. However, after he had been smoothed down a bit, and had had
another tot, he bucked up and related his tribulations as follows:--

"You see, boys," said he, "I went down to the Modder River this
afternoon, with a large party of other converts. The shepherd, as 'e
calls his blooming self, 'e comes along too, and brings two or three
of the sharps as 'elps 'im. Well, when we got there we finds a couple
of tents pitched: one for the ladies, and one for us men, to take off
our duds in. Well, after a bit, one of the sharps, he comes to me, and
sez he: 'Brother, we's going to commence along with you.' So 'e shows
me into the tent, and sez he: 'Brother, remove your gaudy 'abiliments
and put on this 'ere garb of simplicity.' And with that 'e 'ands me a
sort of a nightgown which came to about me knees. As soon as I was
togged out, feelin' a bit ashamed of meself rigged out like that, he
leads me down to the river bank and there was the shepherd, as 'e
calls hisself, long, thin, herring-gutted devil, standing up to his
middle in the water. 'Enter, brother,' he sings out to me, 'and 'ave
your manifold sins swabbed away.' I wades in and whin I reaches 'im
the water took me up to the chin. He begins his palaver, and before I
knowed where I was 'e puts his two hands on me shoulders and ducks me
bloomin 'ead under. He fair took me by surprise 'e did, or I'd 'ave
took an extra breath of air. As it was, I lost me footin', and 'ad to
struggle to come up. Me old skull-cap comes off and I got me 'ead
above water, but no sooner did 'e see me old bald pate appear than he
shoved it down agin, and kep' on a-doing so until I was near drownded.
Should 'ave bin, I believe, 'ad I not managed to giv' 'im a punch in
the bread-basket which shut 'im hup like a pair of scissors, and then
I scrambles out and runs to the tent nigh water-logged. Presently
along 'e comes, and sez 'e to me, sez 'e: 'Brother, wherefore did you
assault me while in the water?' And I sez to 'im: 'You ain't no
brother of mine. What for did yer try to drown me?' 'Brother,' sez 'e,
'I knew not you was so bald, and when yer 'ead appeared above the
surface of the river I laboured under the delusion it was another
portion of yer hanatomy, and so as to prevent what might 'ave become
an indecent hexhibition I pressed it hunder agin and continued to do
so.' 'Well,' sez I, 'yer religion may be a darned foine one, and yer
may be a darned foine shepherd, but whin yer don't know the difference
between a conwert's bows and 'is starnpost 'tain't no religion for me,
and I 'ud scorn to belong to it or own yer as a brother or shepherd,
so ye and yer 'ole gang can go to h----.' And with that I left 'im and
came 'ome as fast as I could git."

Now although I think that on this one occasion old Davy's plea, like
himself, was a good un, and that he, under the aforementioned
circumstances, was fully justified in doubting the _bona fides_ of
this fancy religion through the lack of acumen and also the gross
ignorance on the part of the shepherd, still, as one swallow does not
make a summer, this one legitimate case of perversion does not, in my
eyes, justify the large number of people who chop or change their
faith and are always thronging to hear some half-crazy tub-thumper, be
he a long-haired, red-nosed revivalist, unctuous Mormon or any other
hypocritical expounder of a new cult.



Yes, I've had the honour and pleasure of serving in the same outfit as
H.M. bluejackets, and I will maintain that the British sailor is
second to none either as a fighting man or love-maker, the only man,
in my unbiassed opinion, to equal him in the above pursuits being the
Irish soldier. Now Jack and Pat both keenly appreciate a bit of fun
and devilment, but I think, in pursuit of divarsion, Jack must be
assigned the cake, as during his hours of relaxation, while at
liberty, on shore, he frequently displays a bit of originality in his
pranks that, in fairness I must confess, land him ahead of my dear,
reckless, light-hearted countrymen. During the New Zealand wars the
Maoris called the Naval Brigade Te Ngati Jacks, and they insisted that
they belonged to a different people from the remainder of H.M. forces;
for you never could convince the old-time Maori warrior that the
loose-clad, rollicking, gallant sailor was of the same blood as the
tight-buttoned-up, stiff and more stolid, though equally brave,
soldier. This erroneous idea was, I think, also in a great measure due
to the fantastic capers Jack cut while enjoying his well-earned
liberty on shore, during which treasured moments he strove to cram
into twenty-four hours all the fun, and also as many of the minor
vices, as he could manage to indulge in, and I am only doing him
justice when I state he usually succeeded in participating in as much
devilment during those few hours as would satisfy an ordinary healthy
Tommy for a year.

Times, customs and manners have greatly altered since 1870, and
although there can be no doubt that, changed as in many respects our
fleet men are from the sailors of the past generation, still the same
courage and devotion exists in our present-day, highly trained,
splendid naval seamen as ever instigated the grand old hearts of oak,
who boxed yards about, pulled on bits of string called halyards,
braces, etc.; and, totally ignorant of electricity, cursed steam.
Moreover, there has been a great change for the better in the conduct
and sobriety of our ever-popular and much-loved bluejackets when
ashore on short leave.

Settlers, old identities, in colonial seaport towns, will, I am sure,
endorse what I have written above, for although during the forty years
I lived in the colonies I never heard of one of H.M. bluejackets
committing a crime, still some of their sprees were rather alarming to
nervous people, while they shocked the puritanical, hypocritical
humbugs, of whom there is always a superfluity wherever the Union Jack
flies. For these cattle, being able to indulge in their pet vices _sub
rosa_, or else being too narrowminded to make allowance for the
festive pranks of high-spirited men, let loose for a few short hours
after being cooped up on board ship for months at a stretch, where
they have been subjected to the most severe discipline in the world,
hold up hands in horror at poor Jack's frolics, and call the brave
fellow, whose mess tins they are not worthy to swab out, a drunken,
profligate sailor-man, unfit to be at large in this world, and sure to
be damned in the next. Yet many of Jack's sprees were most diverting
to the looker-on, as he would frequently introduce into his frolics
some originality that, simple in itself, and most probably quite
unpremeditated, still compelled anyone with the smallest spark of
humour in his composition to thoroughly appreciate. I am now going to
spin you a yarn about one bluejacket's spree that, if it does not
amuse you, at all events afforded myself and some of my comrades, just
down from the frontier, a hearty laugh. The scene was Wellington, New
Zealand, the date somewhere about the end of 1871, when, the long war
having burnt itself out, and the sharp fighting having smouldered
itself away to the ordinary frontier defence work, myself and a few of
my comrades had, for the first time for nearly six years, the chance
of returning for a period to civilisation and enjoying such comforts
and luxuries as were at that time to be obtained in the capital of New
Zealand. This we were doing with a relish only to be enjoyed by men
who have for years been living, or rather enduring, a hard bush life,
utterly debarred from the ordinary pleasures of society, and the
refinement of ladies' companionship.

We were doing ourselves well, and going very strong, when the fun was
enhanced by the arrival of a squadron of H.M. ships, with whose
officers we fraternised, notwithstanding the fact that they ran us
very close, if they did not quite cut us out, in the favour of the
fair New Zealand ladies, for both officers and men of H.M. Royal Navy
are as hard to contend against in the rosy lists of love as they are
to beat in the ruddy game of war. No matter if there may have been a
trifle of jealousy between us in those days it did not matter a row of
pins, and we all enjoyed rattling good times. But hold hard, I am off
the trail of my yarn, and so must try back. Well, the squadron
anchored, squared yards, and, after the ships had been put into
apple-pie order, in due course of time, leave was given to the crews,
and the starboard watches came ashore to enjoy themselves for
twenty-four hours. This they did; and my word they made the town of
Wellington lively, opening the eyes and elevating the hands of the
unco guid in a way that, to such lost sinners as ourselves, was most
exhilarating. In those days, I know not if such be the case now, every
sailor had the fixed conviction that he was a perfect master of
equitation, and no sooner did he get ashore than he yearned to ride a
horse, or, failing to obtain one, a mule, a donkey, a cow or even a
goat came not amiss. Some four-footed beast must be obtained by hook
or by crook, or, if saddle animals were quite unobtainable, then he
must drive or be driven. Well, the starbowlins came ashore and painted
the town a vivid red, and the streets soon became full of bluejackets,
mounted on every description of animal, some of the poor beasts having
to carry double, while now and again you would see some cart-horse,
very long in the back, ridden by three laughing, shouting sailors, the
whole of the cavalcades galloping and sidling up and down the main
roads cheered to the echo by their admiring messmates, while the
riders, with their bell-bottomed slacks rucked up above the knees,
their elbows square with their ears, and a rein, or as Jack termed it
a yoke-line, in either hand, held on like grim death to a dead nigger.
Yet numerous were the falls and collisions that took place, and it
appeared to be fully understood that, should a rider be pipped, his
loose horse and empty saddle should be the lawful prize of the lucky
shipmate who first captured them, and sometimes you could see
half-a-dozen or more Jacks trying to board the said prize from both
sides and ends of the unfortunate quadruped at one and the same time.
Many of the horses could and did buck a bit, but this did not seem to
daunt Jack one iota; in fact, buck-jumping appeared to rather enhance
the value of the mount, and I saw some wonderful and determined
attempts to stick on viciously bucking animals, the rider hanging on
manfully by gullet plate and cantle, yea, you might say with teeth and
toe-nails, yelling, "Whoa, whoa, you----!" at the top of his gamut,
while his admiring comrades howled their applause, every man-jack of
them anxious to try his luck the moment the temporary horseman should
be grassed. Of course it must be remembered that all of these men had
been accustomed to jockey the yard-arm of a plunging ship, and as Jack
is by nature and training utterly fearless, I should have bet my
bottom dollar that any one of them would have unhesitatingly tried to
have ridden Old Nick himself, had he chanced to have come along on
four legs. Here I'm off the right spoor of my yarn again, so must
circle and pick it up.

It was on the afternoon of the said day, a number of us were gathered
together in the billiard-room of the club, when a tremendous cheer
from the crowded street caused us to make for the verandah, to see
what had caused such an uproar. And this is what we spotted. But mark
time, as I must digress again for a moment.

Years before Cobb & Co. introduced into New Zealand their American
coaches some speculative settler had imported one of the original
London omnibuses, a vehicle of great length, on which the top
passengers sat back to back, with their knees up to their chins on
what was known as knife-boards, and gained these perches by crawling
up perpendicular iron ladders fastened to either side of the door. A
more unsuitable trap could not have been invented for New Zealand
roads, so that shortly after its arrival it was stowed away and
forgotten by the general public. Its owner, however, was a cute
fellow, for hearing of the probable invasion of sailors, he had the
old ramshackle caravan made roadworthy, horsed it, and, on the landing
of Jack, promptly chartered it to a large party of them, so that it
was the sudden appearance of this prehistoric tramcar, rumbling along
the street, that had evoked the burst of applause which had attracted
our attention.

Truly Jack had rigged and fitted out the old shandrydan handsomely, as
flags, streamers and wreaths decorated it wherever it was possible to
make them fast. Nor was she indifferently manned, as even musicians
had been provided, for, perched along the driver's footboard, two more
than half drunk fiddlers and a half-section of equally intoxicated
fifers sawed and blew for all they were worth. The coachman sat on the
usual raised seat in the centre of the fore cross-bench, and on
either side of him lolled two huge quartermasters who, cigar in mouth
and arms crossed, tried to appear quite at their ease and
preterhumanly sober. The roof of the vehicle was overcrowded with
brawny bluejackets all rollicking drunk, who demonstrated their good
will to the passers-by and the laughing spectators in the windows by
holding out to them bottles of liquor, while at the same time they
exchanged badinage of a saline nature with their messmates thronging
the side-walks. The inside of the old omnibus was occupied by only two
men, who ostentatiously sniffed at and frequently tasted huge bottles
of make-believe medicine, while at intervals they exhibited to the
onlookers grotesque imitations of surgical instruments, and, in case
it required any further explanation as to what the interior of the
vehicle was intended to represent, over the windows and doors were
chalked such notices as--Sick-bay, Dead-house, Boozers-locker, etc.
All this was funny enough, but although the appearance of the old
rattle-trap somewhat surprised us, still there was nothing, after all,
extraordinary in its existence, nor in its festive crew, and we should
merely have laughed and forgotten the circumstance had we not spotted,
the moment it came abreast of us, a wondrous appendage to the vehicle
itself, for at the tail-end over the door protruded two stout poles,
from which was suspended a large-sized stable wheelbarrow. Now what in
the name of Comus could Jack want with a wheelbarrow? Its presence
roused our curiosity, so that we at once made for the stables, where
our horses were carefully locked up, mounted and followed the festive
show that had taken the road towards the Hut (a small village a short
distance along the sea coast from Wellington and a very pretty drive).
Our journey in search of knowledge was not to take us far, for we had
only just caught up to the slowly moving caravan when, as it turned a
sharp corner, one of the crew, rather more drunk than the others, lost
his balance, tumbled off the top and landed on the road, which
fortunately for him was at this spot heavy sand, with a concussion
that would have killed or seriously maimed any sober landlubber. In a
moment a shout of "Man overboard" was raised and a stentorian voice
howled out: "Hard down with your helm, back the main yard, heave to,"
and in almost the same breath: "Pipe away the jolly-boat." Out rang a
shrill pipe: "Jolly-boats away," and in a second down was lowered the
wheelbarrow, down slid two men, and before even a woman could get
breath for a squeal, or any of the horrified spectators could gather
round the unfortunate, who lay on the road striking out with his arms
and legs as if swimming, they ran the wheelbarrow up to him, dumped
him in, ran him back to the door of the sick-bay, into which he was
promptly hauled and administered to by the attendants. "Hook on and
hoist jolly-boat" was the next order, the crew of which, disdaining
the use of ladders, scrambled up the side, and the wheelbarrow was run
up and made fast. Then came the order, "Square away the main yard,"
the coachman whipped up his horses and away they went before the
gaping populace could remember or make use of a single pious
ejaculation. Now this was very funny, and we all enjoyed a hearty
laugh, but Jack was far from the end of his farcical frolic, as there
was, not far ahead, a house, half inn, half farm, owned by a fine,
bluff old sea-dog who had himself served as bos'n in the Royal Navy,
and as they were sure to halt--I beg pardon, heave to--there, thither,
expecting more fun, we determined to follow them, and were not sorry
we did so, as no sooner were they abreast of the house, which was
situated a few feet from the roadway, than H.M.S. _Shandrydan_ was
again skilfully hove to, the jolly-boat was lowered and manned, and
the strident voice sang out: "Pipe all hands ashore to lay in wood and

Then as a combined movement took place to vacate the roof: "Vast
heaving, you thirsty swabs; see the sick-bay cleared first, the
fiddlers and idlers, and then the rest of you take your blooming

The order was carried out to the letter, each man as he got into the
barrow being run up to and shot out on to the verandah, every one of
them on recovering his feet touching his cap to the host, who stood
beside the open door, and saluting him with the words: "Come on board,
sir." We had seen enough, so cantered gaily back to the club, myself
thinking how extremely useful the jolly-boat would be later on, always
provided the crew of it were teetotallers, in assisting their
messmates to their quarters when H.M.S. _Shandrydan_ had finished her
cruise and her gallant crew's back teeth were awash with their
potations. Yes, the idea of carting along the wheelbarrow was not only
humorous but it demonstrated profound forethought on the part of the
Jacks, and I maintain that no soldier in the world, not even my
beloved countrymen, would ever have the nous to devise such a
whimsical, and at the same time provident, entertainment, so I
therefore declare that her late Majesty's bluejackets were the first
in devilment as they ran the Irish Tommy neck and neck in war. "Here's
good luck to the crowd of them!"



  "Whin a man's that cross and crabbed that his sowle's as black as
  An' his contrary conversation wud petrify a saint,
  And he will ate mate on fast days, an scornes the praste as well,
  Ould Nick will soon be after him, to escort him straight to (the
          guard room)."

Years ago I was soldiering in South Africa, and at that time owned a
few horses, my own private property and nothing to do with the
Government. I used to race a bit in a small way, just for the sport,
and it became necessary for me to employ a groom who must be my own
private servant.

Now grooms were hard to get, especially at the price I could afford to
pay, and I did not want a man of the sundowner stamp. One evening my
servant came to me and informed me that a man had come into camp who
was looking out for a job and he thought he would do. On my asking him
why he thought he would do (for Quin, though an Irishman, was,
wonderful to relate, no horseman and had no knowledge of horses)
replied: "The man is an Irishman, a small man, a knowledgeable man,
and also a townie of my own." So I decided to see him, and Mike
O'Leary was ushered in. Directly I saw him I seemed to know him, but
for a time could not place him, till at last it flashed through my
mind he must be Charles Lever's Corney Delaney come to life again, or
at all events the creature in front of me must be a descendant of
his. Not that the dress was similar, for my man wore breeches and
boots, both of which wanted renewing, but the head, the face, the
cross, crabbed expression and the general appearance were exactly like
the immortal Corney as depicted by Phiz in "Jack Hinton." He was a
tough, wiry little fellow, showing, as we say out in the colonies, the
marks of the Whalaby.

He stood rigidly to attention, after glancing at myself and belongings
with a sneering grin that would have excited the envy of Satan
himself. So I opened fire with the remark: "You are an old soldier."

"I am," quoth he; "and served in the 57th, God bless them! They wor a
rigimint you could be proud of, not a tearing lot of divils the likes
of what you've got here. Bad scran to them! it's neither soldiers or
peelers they be."

"Well, well," I said, "leave the men alone. I want a groom. Are you

"It's a lot of grooms you do be wanting, judging by the look of your
troop horses," he snarled.

"Leave the troop horses alone. I want a man as my own private servant.
Do you want work of that sort?"

"I may take you on trial," he rejoined, "for did I not serve under
your honourable father, Sir George Brown, in the Crimee."

Now Sir George Brown was not my father, nor any relation to me, but
Mike O'Leary would have it so, and Sir George was trotted out of his
grave and thrown in my teeth as long as Mike lived. Well, he was not a
promising lot, but I was so hard up for a man, and the horses wanted
so much looking after, that I took him on. As a groom he was perfect;
never have I seen a man his equal. The horses took to him, and he was
devoted to them. But, by the Lord Harry! he was a blister to everyone
else on the station. How he had ever been enlisted in the 57th the
Lord only knows, and how he had ever existed in the regiment is a
mystery to me to this day. His tongue was as sharp as a double-edged
sword, and as bitter as gall, but the little fiend could fight like a
gamecock, and was as hard as iron, so that when his remarks were
resented he was always ready to back his words up with his hands,
until at last most of the troopers were only too glad to leave Mike

As regards myself, he showed me neither deference nor respect, would
never say Sir when addressing me, and would openly and audibly
criticise my riding, my personal appearance, my drill, and my dress,
and none of these to my credit. Poor Sir George was also brought to
the fore every day, and the difference between us as to morals,
manners, sport, or anything else that might be on the tapis, was
pointed out and expatiated upon, and never in my favour. The little
beast became quite obnoxious to me, but he did so well by the horses
that I could not part with him, and came at last to look on him as a
trial sent by Providence to humiliate me, and as a punishment for my
sins; so I was bound to accept him as such, and put up with him.

Well, things went on like this till one day, when I came in from a
long patrol, I found Quin on the sick list and that Mike O'Leary had
installed himself in his place as servant. Now if I had wanted him to
come and look after me, nothing on earth would have made him come,
but as he knew he was the last man on the station whose presence I
desired in my rooms, of course there he was and there he evidently
intended to stick. In vain I told him he would be overworked looking
after both myself and the horses.

"Sure, and don't I know that?" he snarled. "It's little thanks I'll
get from the likes of you, who spends your money on debauchery and
blaggardism, and pays your servants, who works their fingers to the
bone, as little as ye can; but I knows my duty to your honourable
father, God rest his sowle, and while that useless baste Quin is
skulking, I'll be here to see you to bed when you come home drunk
every night."

What was to be done? I though matters over, and at last determined to
attack Mike on his only weak spot. Mike I knew to be a rigid R.C., but
he was also saturated with superstitions. He had all those of the
usual Irish peasant, and a good many more of his own.

He firmly believed in witches, ghosts and fairies, good and bad, and
was convinced that the devil himself was frequently knocking around
looking for someone to transport to tropical regions.

As to his religion, Mike was very devout, with one exception--he would
eat meat on Fridays. "Fast, is it?" he would say. "A soldier may ate
his rations."

"But you are not a soldier now, Mike."

"Well, and whose fault is that now? Did not I put my pride in my
pocket and offer to join your blackguards, and did not that T.S.M.
tell me I was too small? Bad luck to the lout! Was I not fighting in
the Crimee with your honourable father before he was breeched? It's
little the likes of him is fit to be T.S.M., but what can you expect
when the captain ought to be at skule learning manners! It's little of
an officer you'll ever make." Exit Mike, with a well-directed boot
after him.

It was an uphill job, but I worked and worked away at him. I even
persuaded the good Father de Rohan to go for him and preach abstinence
to him, and even threaten him with pains and penalties if he did not
put the muzzle on. But no good. Then I began to pretend that the rooms
were haunted, and that rather fetched him, but yet, though he was
uncomfortable, it did not quite hit the right spot.

At last Fortune played into my hands. A lieutenant who had been away
on long leave rejoined and was sent up to my station. He was a very
tall, thin man, very dark, with straight features, large eyebrows and
moustache, and Mike had never seen him before. The first night he
joined we were talking over our pipes, after dinner, when he mentioned
a very swell fancy-dress ball he had been to. At once I asked him in
what character he had gone. Of course he replied: "Mephistopheles."
Had he brought his dress out with him? Yes, he had it in his kit.
Would he do me a very great favour? Why, certainly. Then I told him
about my incubus, Mike, and I earnestly requested him to put his dress
on the next night and play the devil for Mike's benefit. Of course he
was only too delighted to assist, and the plot was duly laid.

That night I went to my quarters. There was Mike, with his usual
pleasant remarks and sneer.

I stopped short and said sternly: "You have been smoking."

"Begorra I've not," said he.

"Then you have been lighting those beastly sulphur matches."

"I've not," said he.

I walked over to the dressing-table, looked in the glass, then started
back, and let out at him.

"Have done with your fooling tricks. How dare you grin over my
shoulder like that?"

"I did not," he replied.

"If it was not you it must have been the devil then," I said sternly.
"And I don't wonder at it, when such a cross-grained ugly beggar as
you sits in my quarters alone at this time of night. Take care, Mike,"
I said impressively; "take care. Remember what Father de Rohan told
you. If you will eat meat on Friday, and will quarrel and insult
everyone, the devil will be after you in earnest.

"What's that?" I cried, looking hard past him. "Get out of this, Mike;
the company you keep here when I'm out is not safe for a Christian

He turned very white, was evidently very uncomfortable, crossed
himself over and over again, and bolted.

Next morning he brought two sticks, when he came to my room, which he
crossed on the fire hearth, and when he turned up at night-time he had
evidently been to the canteen, for he was pot-valiant and I could see
he had a bottle with him.

"I suppose you will be afraid to stay in the rooms alone," I said, as
I left for dinner.

[Illustration: THE DIVIL, BEDAD!]

"I will not," said he; but I saw the blue funk rising in him. It was a

"Did you eat meat to-day?" I asked.

"I did that," he replied, "and I will."

"Well, God help you," I said. "It's great danger you are in this

It was midnight when the lieutenant, fully got up in a most perfect
fancy dress, and looking his part to perfection, appeared in the mess
hut. In his hand he carried a few inches of time fuse, and also a huge
fork, known in the service as the tormentor. The cook uses it to take
the men's meat out of the boilers. We all crept up to my quarters,
which consisted of a hut with two rooms in it, in the front one of
which was the victim. To light the fuse and pass it under the door was
the work of a moment, then to open the latter and step in took no
longer. Mike, who had been absorbing courage from the bottle, had
fallen asleep, but was waked up by a prod from the tormentor. He woke
with a growl of rage, that changed into a yell of consternation, when
he saw the terrific figure regarding him through the sulphury smoke of
the fuse.

"Mike O'Leary," said a deep voice, "I've come for you."

Poor Mike, who had fallen back open-mouthed, with the sweat of fear
trickling off him, whimpered: "Oh no, good Mr Devil; wait for the

"No," thundered the voice; "it's you I want, not your good, kind
master, who's been a friend to you, and who you sneer at, insult and
deride, and who, Protestant as he is, tries to stop your greedy sin of
eating meat on fast days. Come on!"

And he made a pass at Mike with the tormentor, which Mike dodged by
going over backwards, chair and all.

"I'll never cheek him again, by this, and by that, I won't!" yelled
Mike, as he got another prod in a fleshy part, "and I'll never touch
meat again, I won't." But at that he fainted. He soon came round, and
was on his knees telling his beads when we entered the room, as if we
were going to have a parting smoke before turning in.

"What the deuce have you been up to, Mike?" I said. "Who has been
here? What is the cause of this awful smell, and what have you been
making such a row about?"

"O holy Mary! sor," whined Mike; "he's been here."

"Who the devil has been here, you drunken blackguard?" I shouted.

"Oh, dear sor, oh, kind sor, don't spake disrespectfully of the Ould
Gentleman; shure he's been here, and has just left. Oh, sor; I'll
repent, I will. For God's sake send for the holy father. What will I
do? What will I do?"

We got him to his quarters at last, and next morning Mike was a
changed man. Although still by nature cross-grained, yet a more
respectful servant or a better comrade could not be found on a month's
trek, and he stayed with me till he died, two years afterwards,
regretted by everyone who knew him. _R.I.P._



In very many parts of the world, which on the map are painted red and
collectively called the British Empire, there are huge tracts of
country covered with forests of all sorts, which are known to the
inhabitants of the different colonies by various names, and these have
exacted a heavy toll of human life from the venturesome traveller,
prospector, hunter, or others, who have entered their recesses on
their own business or pleasure. If the scrub of Australia, the bush of
New Zealand, the forests of Canada, and the wilds of Africa could only
be examined with a microscope, the remains of thousands of men would
be discovered who, having been bushed (_i.e._ lost in the forest),
have died of hunger, thirst or exhaustion, and whose remains, unfound,
have wasted away until only a few mouldering bones, some tattered
rags, and a few fragments of rusty metal remain to tell the tale and
act as a warning to others. I have on two occasions been the finder of
the remains of men who have been lost. One on the Taupo plains, who
disappeared and who, although he was missed and looked for, was not
found until three years after his disappearance, when I, quite by
chance, stumbled on the poor chap's bones, which were identified by a
glass eye. The other case was the bones of a white man I found while
shooting in South Africa. Who or what he had been never transpired.
That he had been a white man was evident, but when or how he had been
lost I never found out. I remember well that after I had searched the
vicinity for anything that could have been used as a clue to his
identity, I stood over the poor bones and moralised. This poor chap
must have belonged to someone in the world who cared for him. Yet here
he lay nameless, and unknown, his bones to be buried, as soon as my
hunting boys with knife and tomahawk could scoop out a hole, by a man
who was a perfect stranger to him, or, for all I knew to the contrary,
we might have been comrades in two or three wars, or have hobnobbed
together scores of times. However, there, under a tree, his bones lie,
and I have no doubt that all marks of his grave, even the cross I cut
out on the tree, to mark the spot, have long ago disappeared, and yet
it is quite possible to this day there are people hoping and wondering
if he will turn up. In the colonies men disappear very rapidly, and
they are not readily missed. So they do in this great wilderness,
London, whose hidden mysteries far and away outnumber all the frontier
mysteries of the British Empire put together, but yet somehow the
picture of a man lost in the bush, dying, alone, of starvation, thirst
and exhaustion seems, if not so pathetic, at least more romantic than
the scores of hungry, ragged and homeless creatures who wander about
the Embankment, or the slums of the mighty city. Very many times
during my life on the frontiers of the various colonies in which I
have served I have been called on to assist in the search for a
missing man; sometimes we have been successful, and have found our
man alive, sometimes we have found him dead, and often we have
searched in vain, the poor chap having disappeared, as if taken from
earth in a chariot of fire. I could fill a book with yarns of cases of
people being lost and found, and of being lost and not found, but the
most wonderful case I know of is that of a young colonial, who was
lost for forty days, yet was found alive, and who I believe to be
still living.

In 1891 I had taken command of the De Beer's Company Expedition to
Mashonaland, consisting of sixty white men, forty colonial boys
(natives), and eighteen waggons. The above I was to conduct from
Kimberley to Salisbury, a trek of about 1300 miles. It was no joke.
Very many of my men were quite raw hands, and just after we had left
Kimberley the heaviest rains ever known in South Africa came on, so
that the rivers became flooded, the swamps impassable, and the roads,
such as they were, so rotten that the heavily laden waggons sank to
their bed plates every few minutes.

However, I at last passed Tuli, and proceeded some eighteen miles on
the Umzinguani River, where I determined to halt for a fortnight, so
as to rest and recuperate my worn-out oxen. In Tuli the O.C. of the
B.S.A. Police had told me that some days before I reached that place a
man had been lost from some waggons that had been outspanned at the
Umzinguani River. Up to date he had not been heard of, so he requested
me to make a careful search and try to discover any trace of the
missing man. I promised to do so, and asked for all the particulars.
The man was a Colonial of Dutch descent, who was acting as orderly to
some Dominican Nursing Sisters _en route_ to Salisbury. They had
outspanned across the river, in the early morning. After breakfast the
man had taken his rifle, had entered the bush on the down-river side
of the road, to try and shoot a buck for fresh meat, but had never
returned. The waggons had waited three days for him, and then trekked
on. I also ascertained that some twelve miles farther on the road was
crossed by a big creek, that ran into the river some miles below the
drift. This being the case, I failed to see how a colonial man,
_provided he kept his head_, could be lost, as the area in which the
occurrence happened was surrounded on all sides by good landmarks. It
was in fact an irregular triangle, bounded on one side by the river,
on another by the creek, and on the third by the road. Provided he
struck the road, he had only to turn to his left to reach the outspan.
If he struck the river he would only have to follow it up and find his
waggons, and if he came across the creek he would only have to follow
it to the road or river. This seems easy enough; but, as an old and
experienced scout, I knew there were fifty sorts of trouble that might
have happened to him, or he might have been guilty of a score of
follies, all inexcusable but all committed frequently, even by old
hands. He had gone away without his coat, that we knew; he might also
have gone without matches--this was quite likely--and probably with
only two or three rounds of ammunition. It was a very bad lion
country: he might have tackled one and got the worst of the encounter;
he might have been hurt by a wounded buck, sprained his ankle, broken
his leg or otherwise hurt himself. It is folly, a man going shooting
alone in a South African bush. Anything may happen in a moment, and
then a man by himself is helpless and unable to send for assistance.
We reached the Umzinguani River at daylight, crossed the drift and
outspanned. After breakfast I collected the men, explained my plans to
them and drew them a rough map of the area over which our search was
to be made. I selected seventy men, black and white, for the job, and
my plan was to extend these men some ten or twelve yards apart and,
keeping our right on the river's bank, to move down in line till we
came to the spot where the creek ran into the river. Then, if we found
no trace or spoor of him, to swing round and return to the road,
taking, of course, a new line parallel to, and touching, the first
one; and to enable us to do this correctly I ordered the man on the
left flank to blaze the trees on his line, so that we should know we
were not going over the same ground twice, nor leave a gap between the
lines of search.

I had plenty of old hands among my men, both black and white, and on
reaching the junction of the river and creek I was certain the work
had been done thoroughly, although nothing had been found. At the
junction I found a lot of Dutchmen, some twenty in number, who were
outspanned there. They were trek riders, who, after delivering their
loads in Salisbury, had hauled off the road and camped for the purpose
of resting their oxen and shooting big game to make biltong. They had
heard nothing of the lost man, but insisted on helping me to look for
him. That afternoon we searched the new line of country back to the
road, the right-hand man blazing the trees _en route_, but found
nothing except game and lion spoor. The next day we started from where
we had left off and took a new line, the left-hand man blazing the
trees, while the right-flank man worked down the line of the previous
afternoon. I did not rush the men, as I had no hopes of finding the
poor fellow alive, but yet I hoped to find his rifle--a lion could not
eat that--or some trace of him, so I told the men to search carefully
and not hurry. I had two bugles with me, and the men shouting to one
another, so as to keep in touch, made plenty of noise, that the poor
chap must have heard if alive. The bush was an open one, with little
undergrowth, so we had a good chance of finding anything out of the

We kept up this search ten days, until I was convinced every bit of
ground in the triangle had been prospected; but we found absolutely
nothing. Then we said good-bye to the Dutchmen and continued our
journey. Some weeks afterwards a post cart passed me going to
Salisbury and the corporal in charge of it told me a wonderful tale.
The Dutchmen had remained at their camp some time after my departure,
and the day before they moved off one of them, while out shooting, had
found a white man concealed in an ant-bear hole. He was stark naked,
and in a dreadfully emaciated condition, the nails torn off his hands
and his teeth actually worn down to his gums. He was quite mad, but
the Dutchman carried him to his waggon, and trekked into Tuli; where
he was taken into the hospital, and with careful nursing restored to
reason and health.

He afterwards came up to Salisbury, where I was staff officer. I knew
him well, and held frequent conversations with him regarding his
woeful experiences. His story is a very short one. He had left the
waggons after breakfast for a stroll, with his rifle, three cartridges
and no matches. All at once it dawned on him he was lost, so he
started running (_a fatal mistake_), and remembers no more. Up to the
time he was found, quite close to the Dutchman's camp, over forty days
had elapsed. How he had lived he had no idea. The state of his hands
and teeth showed he must have grubbed roots and gnawed them; but he
must have obtained water from either the creek or river, and, mad as
he was, one of them should have guided him to safety.

Again, how did he escape my search and that of other parties who had
looked for him? What became of his rifle, boots and clothes? And,
above all, why did not a lion skoff him? To these and heaps of other
queries I can only say that truth is stranger than fiction, that I
have told the yarn as it happened, and can't answer conundrums. In the
above yarn I have told you that the lost man began to run, and have
noted it was a fatal mistake. Yes, it is a fatal mistake to begin to
run when you discover you are lost, for I can assure you that it is
not a difficult matter for even an old and experienced scout to lose
himself, if he lets his mind and attention wander. But now I will spin
you a yarn about one of my men who was lost on the same trek to

This man was a fine, strapping fellow about thirty years of age. He
was a well-educated mechanic, a good athlete and football-player, but
a new chum in the bush and at frontier work. We were at the time
trekking along the Limpopo River, a very bad bit of country indeed,
and I had given my men warning not to leave the waggons.

I had also tried to teach the new chums some simple facts in
bushcraft. The country here swarmed with feathered game: partridges,
pheasants, and guinea-fowls. It was my custom to walk on before the
train of waggons, on the trek, with my gun, and shoot plenty of these
birds sunning themselves on the road. One evening when the men were
inspanning, a very noisy job when you have eighteen waggons, I took my
gun and strolled along as usual. The road was about thirty yards
broad, and well-defined, the wide river running some one hundred yards
on the right-hand side of it. I had progressed about two hundred yards
from the outspan, but was still well within earshot and sight of it,
when I saw the man I have mentioned come rushing through the trees and
thorn bushes, down the slope on the left-hand side of the road. At
first I thought he had gone mad, and so, for a time, he was. He had
lost his hat, his khaki clothes were torn to rags, his face worked
convulsively, with his eyes bulging out of his head, while the
perspiration ran down him in streams. He reached the road within a
yard or two of me; but he neither saw me, the road, nor the river in
front of him. I jumped forward and seized him, saying: "What's the
matter with you? What are you doing here?"

He struggled for a moment, as if to try and break away; then some
expression came into his face, and he gasped out: "Oh, thank God,
major, you have found me. I knew you would look for me."

[Illustration: BUSH TRACK.]

[Illustration: PUNGA (TREE FERN).]

"Look for you?" I said. "Why, what's gone wrong with you?"

"Oh, sir," he cried--and, strong man as he was, he shook with
fear--"I'm lost in the bush."

"Lost in the bush?" I said. "What do you mean? Don't you see you are
on the road? Don't you see the waggons? Don't you hear the row the
boys are making inspanning, or see the river in front of you?"

"I do now, sir; but I saw nothing, and heard nothing, when you caught
hold of me. Oh, thank God you found me."

As he was quite unnerved, I took him back to my waggon, and gave him a
tot, at the same time making inquiries as to the time he had left the
camp; and I found out he had not been absent more than an hour. So
much for the rapidity with which bush fear unnerves a new chum, no
matter how strong he is, unless he has the will-power to fight against
it. On questioning this man, subsequently, he told me he had only
strolled into the bush for a few minutes, then tried to find the
waggons, had failed to do so, started running, and remembered no more.
Fortunately he had run in a circle that crossed the road; had he
circled in the other direction, nothing could have saved him, and
another case of the bush having claimed a white man's life would have
been registered. Now anyone would think that one experience of that
sort would have been enough for that man, but it was not, for, some
time afterwards, he again went off by himself, and again got lost. At
this time we were trekking through very rough country, full of steep,
high granite kopjes, and, notwithstanding my strict orders to the
contrary, he left the waggons, and went into the bush alone. On his
absence that night being reported to me, I took a party of colonial
blacks with a couple of Mashonas and ascended a big kopje, at the foot
of which we were outspanned, and from that height examined the
country. It was not long before I spotted a fire, about two miles
away, that was evidently a white man's fire; so I at once had an
answering fire lit, and carefully took the bearings of the one I saw.

At daybreak I sent a party of men, under an experienced old hand, to
bring in the straggler. They reached the place and found the remains
of the fire, but he had gone. Not content with his first folly, the
stupid fellow had evidently tried to find his way back to us, and lost
himself again. For two days we looked for him, and on the third the
late Mr Alfred Beit, who was travelling up to Mashonaland, brought him
into my camp, having come across him, in a dazed condition, quite by
chance, some miles back on the road. You may depend that the reception
he got from me was a very warm one, and that I took most effectual
precautions to prevent him leaving the waggons again.



I was proceeding up-country in South Africa with a small party of
troopers and led horses. The day before I was to start the bishop came
to me and said: "One of my young men has to go up to headquarters. Do
you mind taking him with you? He is quite new to the country and, as
he is not well off, he can't afford the heavy coach fare. You are
taking up led horses. He tells me he can ride a little, and you would
be doing a very great kindness if you would take him."

Now the bishop and myself were rather pals in our way; for although,
as a rule, I did not trouble the Church much, yet I have always had
the greatest respect for the cloth, and perhaps, as this youngster
might be a varsity or public school man, he would be company for me on
my 500-mile ride. So I said: "All right, bishop; trot him round to the
lines to-morrow morning with his traps, an hour before sunrise, and he
will find us ready to start. Remember, it is a hard ride, roads bad,
rivers full, horses only half broken, and warn him to be punctual."

Next morning the two light mule waggons that were to accompany us were
inspanned and ready to load, the horses saddled, early coffee drank,
but no curate. Now this was bad. Nothing ever goes quite right the
first trek. Mules are new to their places in the span; men, with
their last night's heads on them, are sulky; the officer a bit sharp,
so as to knock them into shape; the half-broken horses restive; while
the non-com. in charge of the waggons is anxious to pack them, and
can't do so, to his satisfaction, until he has all the baggage to his
hand. Consequently the curate, or, as the men profanely termed him,
the bally sky-pilot, not having turned up to time, he was being
growled at and cursed. At last he came, his kit consisting of paper
bags, parcels and band-boxes.

How he ever expected them to stand the rough usage of the road the
Lord only knows. Then he paraded in a field kit composed of a long
black coat, short black trousers, low shoes and white socks. Such a
get-up to ride 500 miles in I had never seen, and my men eyed him with
wonder and astonishment. He came up to me and introduced himself,
though he evidently did not think it worth while to apologise for
keeping us waiting, but trusted we were going to have fine weather,
that he would have a quiet horse, that the men did not swear, that we
should meet no wild animals, above all, snakes. In fact he was so full
of trust that I had to cut him short, and when he suggested the
advisability of saying a few prayers before we started on this very
dangerous journey I told him sharply to get on his horse, as smart as
he could, and then he could pray there as long as he liked.

This was not perhaps quite polite; but no officer likes to be kept
waiting when he is on the point of starting on a journey, and, as I
said before, tempers are crisp for the first trek. I had selected for
him a quiet old troop horse; and it was well I had done so, as when
he started to mount he tumbled over on the other side, and when at
last we got him into his saddle he gave endless trouble: first of all
his stirrup leathers were too long, then too short, and he was such a
noodle, unable to do anything for himself, that a man had to keep on
dismounting every few minutes to render him assistance.

Now there is no class of men in the world more respectful to clergy,
of any denomination, than the up-country man, be he miner, farmer or
trooper. A parson or priest is always made welcome at any camp he may
choose to call at, and the best in that camp is placed at his
disposal. The men, no matter how wild and godless, will listen to him
with attention, so long as the time is fit and the homily straight;
but the minister must have tact.

It is by no means wise for a pastor to preach a sermon against bad
language when the waggon is stuck in a drift, or when the cook's mate
upsets the bucket of tea into the fire; no, it is better for him,
under these circumstances, to bide his time, close his ears, retire a
short distance and commune with himself.

Now this Johnny had not the tact of an ostrich. He had already made a
bad impression on us by being late, his wonderful get-up, and by his
utter helplessness. This would have been looked over, and the men,
thoroughly good-natured, would have done their best for him, and have
taken all the care in the world of him, provided he would have left
their souls alone, at least during the trek. Leading unbroken horses,
for the first day or two, is no joke. They try to break away, and
sometimes do so, when they at once head back for their old
feed-grounds, have to be rounded-up and recaught; and it does not
improve men's tempers when this occurs, and they drop a big D, to have
a useless new chum, who, sitting like a monkey on his horse, with his
trousers rucked up to his knees, raises his hands and says: "Oh, my
dear, dear man, where do you expect to go if you use such horrid
language? Oh, how can you say that? Please don't be so profane," etc.,

Likewise at the first drift, a very bad one, with a rotten bottom, a
very steep pull-out, mules jibbing and waggons sticking, it is not
pleasant to have an ignorant josser interfering and making himself
more objectionable every minute, by praying out loud that evil should
not happen to him for being in the company of such godless men. This
he did, and before we reached the first outspan he had made himself
decidedly unpopular; and he did not improve matters there.

I have always made it a rule, when I am trekking with a small party,
to take my food in company and at the same camp fire with the men, who
will never take a liberty with an officer doing this--it draws the
feeling of comradeship tighter, and also only one man is required to
do the cooking. Now the new chum objected to this, and that in an
audible voice. He informed me he did not care to sit at the same fire
as troopers, most of whom were low fellows. By the same token, most of
them were gentlemen by birth, while some of them were varsity and
public school men to boot, and all of them thorough good fellows. I
lost my temper with the ass, and told him he could light a fire for
himself, or, if he preferred it, could sit with the Kafirs, but if he
required food he had better come and have it. This he did with a very
bad grace, and noticing the old waggon non-com. (a strict Roman
Catholic) cross himself before beginning his food, had the worse taste
to attack the old fellow's religion and preach at him for his bad
language at the drift.

The grizzled old warrior said nothing, but I could see a grin come
over his face that I knew predicted danger to the new chum; and
presently he began to talk about snakes and lions.

The curate opened his ears wide, taking in all that was said, and by
the time we were ready to inspan for the evening trek he had become
very nervous.

That afternoon he rode with two or three of the troopers, who filled
him up to the chin with wonderful and awful yarns about snake bites
and lion stories; so that when we halted for the night he dare not
move out of the light thrown by the camp fire.

He did not object to sharing the evening meal with the men, but again
made himself very offensive to the non-com., and, on the latter
serving out the evening ration of rum, made most uncalled-for remarks,
and preached us a sermon on temperance, and the evils of strong drink.

Well, the ration was drunk, the last pipe smoked, the sentry posted
and the blankets laid down. Again he started to fuss. Where was he to
sleep? He had never slept out in the open before. He could not sleep
without undressing. Was there not great danger from wild animals and
snakes? And he had no blankets in his kit to begin with.

The old non-com. looked after him like a mother, the men gave up
blankets for his use, and at last all turned in; but as I fell off to
sleep I saw the non-com. go to a thorn-tree and select, with much
care, a branch. The new chum had undressed, said most voluminous
prayers and, tired out by the journey, fallen asleep.

Everything was quite quiet, when suddenly we were all roused by the
most piercing yells. A frontier man is awake and on the alert in a
moment, and I at once demanded what the row was about.

The parson, nearly mad with terror, screamed out he had been bitten by
a serpent and must die; he also held out to me his naked arm, on which
I saw two small punctures with drops of blood oozing out of them.

To tie a piece of rhimpie round his arm above the wound, and twist it
tight with a cleaning rod, jab a penknife into the punctures, and suck
them, at the same time ordering the patient to hold his bally row, and
the non-com. to bring a pannikin of rum, did not take long, and I at
once administered a tot that would have made an old bos'n cough and
splutter. Then I had him walked about and in a few minutes gave him
another quartermaster's nip, which got well home on him, and he became
very drunk indeed. Of course as soon as I saw him drunk I knew he was
safe, and told him to stop whimpering, get into his blankets and go to
sleep. He did certainly stop whimpering, but he refused to go to bed,
or go to sleep. No, he declared he would not go home till morning. His
holiness sloughed off him like a serpent's skin, and in a few
minutes, to the huge delight of my godless troopers, he began to tell
very naughty stories and to sing very ribald songs. He likewise, in
his nightgown (a garment never before seen in that part of the world),
began to show us some can-can steps, and at last behaved in such a
manner that I was forced to tell him I would have him pegged out and
gagged if he did not hold his row.

On this he consigned us all to the place it was his duty to guide us
away from, got into bed, burst into tears, and sobbed himself to

I saw by the chuckling of the men, and the unholy grin of the
non-com., some joke had been perpetrated; but as I could see I was not
to be informed of it I gave the order "Lights out," turned over and
went to sleep.

Next morning, an hour before daybreak, the rouse went, blankets were
bundled up, horses were quickly rubbed over, saddled, and while they
were eating their half-ration of mealies the waggons were packed and
early coffee served out. But oh! the wretched new chum! He was stiff
from the ride of the previous day, yet, sore as his body was from the
unaccustomed saddle, his head was much worse. He groaned when he was
roused up and told to turn out. Could he not be allowed to sleep
longer? What had happened? Was there no soda water? Oh dear, oh dear.
The non-com. proffered a pannikin of hot coffee and recommended a tot
in it. The curate took the coffee but refused the tot, although the
non-com. swore it was the best medicine in the world for anyone who
had been on the bust the night before, and assured the poor wretch
that he himself always doctored himself with one, after he had had a
wet night. Anyhow he must get up, as the waggons had to be packed, and
we should move off the moment the horses and mules had finished their
feed. He could not or would not, so I was called, and went to him. I
saw in a moment the miserable wretch was unable to ride, so ordered
the non-com. to make a place for him on one of the waggons, which was
done, and, making him dress, we put him on to it. At the midday halt
he was better, and at the night outspan he was so well that he began
to get aggressive again. The men stood it for a bit, and then one of
them repeated one of his own stories, and another started to sing one
of his songs. He rushed to me and complained; but I pointed out to him
that the song and story were his own, which he had favoured us with
the night before, and therefore he could not grumble.

This sort of thing went on all night, and when the rum ration was
served out, and he indignantly refused to share it, he was politely
requested to favour the men with a discourse on the evils of drink,
and bad company.

Of course the men treated him with the greatest respect in my
presence, but when they could get him alone he caught it, and even at
the camp fire sly shots were fired at him, such as low fellows, get
drunk, shocking language, filthy songs, etc., etc., until the poor
wretch was nearly driven mad with shame and contrition, and hung on to
me so much that he became a perfect nuisance.

This went on for a couple of days, when at a wayside house where the
mail coach stopped I had become so sick of him, and also, I must
confess, sorry for him, that I paid his coach fare and persuaded him
to continue his journey by it, an offer he thankfully accepted. And so
I got rid of him, with equal pleasure.

It was after he had left us I was let into the joke that had so amused
the men on the night of the catastrophe.

The old non-com., incensed by the new chum's tactless interference
with his mules, his language and his religion, and knowing full well
the course I should pursue in counteracting a case of snake bite, had
taken advantage of the camp being asleep to jam into his victim's arm
the thorns I had seen him go to the tree to get, and then on the alarm
being given had declared he had seen a snake, so in this crafty way
had gained his revenge.

The new chum proved no good up-country, and in a few months was sent
back to England, where it is to be hoped he has found a better sphere
for his talents than in trying to convert members of the Lost Legion.

And now this skein is ended it is the profound hope of an old Lost
Legionary that the perusal of them has not bored you, and he only
wishes he had been in better form to do justice to the kind support he
has received from the Press and public.



       *       *       *       *       *



_Demy 8vo. 12s. 6d. net. Fully Illustrated_

_The Nation_, _17th August 1912_.--"The book is full of adventure and
anecdote, and Colonel Brown's simple unaffected style is well suited
to the story he tells."

_Illustrated London News_, _31st August 1912_.--"From cover to cover
the book is packed full of lively incidents, told in a quick, easy and
vivid style, which holds the reader from the first page to the
last.... It should find many readers all the Empire over."

_Evening Standard_, _12th July 1912_.--"A more natural writer never
published a book. For strong epithet allied to pungent diction he has
not his superior outside Rabelais."

_Yorkshire Weekly Post_, _17th August_ (or _10th August_)
_1912_.--"The new book is as good reading as the one before, which is
saying a great deal for it."

_Glasgow Herald_, _11th July 1912_.--"The book is to be commended for
its real interest and exciting narrative, combined with humour and

_Dublin Times_, _9th August 1912_.--"To those who wish to know
something of the life of a soldier and the kind of fighting that was
done in those early days for the aggrandisement of the Empire, we can
give no better advice than to procure this book. It is full of candid
criticism and genuine information."

_The Graphic_, _27th July 1912_.--"'A Lost Legionary in South Africa,'
by Colonel G. Hamilton-Browne, known as Maori Browne, contains some
excellent stories."

_Review of Reviews_, _July 1912_.--"A book with the right ring; mainly
concerned with fighting. The author preaches with rough and ready
eloquence an impromptu sermon which will amuse, arrest and convince."

_Belfast News Letter_, _29th August 1912_.--"The book is written in
the same attractive style as its predecessor, and there are many
striking passages in it."


_Demy 8vo. Cloth bindings. All fully illustrated_

    By A. HUGH FISHER. 15s. net

    By MARY GAUNT. 15s. net

    By J. S. THOMPSON. 12s. 6d. net

    By Dr MAX HERZ. 12s. 6d. net

    By STANLEY PORTAL HYATT. 12s. 6d. net

    By STANLEY PORTAL HYATT. 12s. 6d. net

    By Colonel G. HAMILTON-BROWNE ("Maori Browne"). 12s. 6d. net

    By Colonel G. HAMILTON-BROWNE ("Maori Browne"). 12s. 6d.

    By JULIUS M. PRICE. 10s. 6d. net

    By T. MARTINDALE. 10s. 6d. net

    By PIERRE LOTI. 7s. 6d. net

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Camp Fire Yarns of the Lost Legion" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.