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Title: Housekeeping in Old Virginia
Author: Tyree, Marion Cabell
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Housekeeping in Old Virginia" ***

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Transcriber's Note:

  Inconsistent hyphenation and spelling in the original document have
  been preserved. Obvious typographical errors have been corrected.

  Italic text is denoted by _underscores_.

  On page 51, the phrase starting "the over-night" may be missing

  On page 214, the phrase "half a cup of water" may be missing words.

  Index spellings were made consistent with the text.

  [Illustration: Cook preparing fowl in kitchen]







     "Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above
      rubies.... She looketh well to the ways of her household
      and eateth not the bread of idleness."

     _Prov., chap. 31, verses 10 and 27._

     JOHN P. MORTON & CO.,





     _Preface_                                                 7

     _List of Contributors_                                   11

     Bread                                                    19

     Coffee, Tea, and Chocolate                               61

     Milk and Butter                                          65

     Soup                                                     68

     Oysters and other Shell Fish                             85

     Fish                                                     97

     Game                                                    107

     Meats                                                   114

     Beef and Veal                                           136

     Mutton and Lamb                                         168

     Poultry                                                 176

     Salads                                                  190

     Sauces                                                  200

     Brunswick Stews, Gumbo, and Side Dishes                 211

     Eggs                                                    232

     Vegetables                                              238

     Pickles and Catsups                                     255

     Cake                                                    304

     Icing                                                   348

     Gingerbread                                             350

     Small Cakes                                             353

     Puddings                                                365

     Pudding Sauces                                          401

     Pastry                                                  404

     Fritters and Pancakes                                   416

     Jelly, Blanc-mange, Charlotte Russe, Baked Custard,
     Creams, and Miscellaneous Desserts                      417

     Ice Cream and Frozen Custard                            430

     Fruit Desserts                                          442

     Preserves and Fruit Jellies                             443

     Confectionery                                           458

     Wines                                                   461

     Beverages, Cordials, etc.                               468

     The Sick-Room--Diet and Remedies for the Sick           476

     House-cleaning, etc.                                    497

     Recipes for Restoring Old Clothes, Setting Colors,
     Removing Stains, etc.                                   505

     Miscellaneous Recipes                                   508


Virginia, or the Old Dominion, as her children delight to call her,
has always been famed for the style of her living. Taught by the
example of her royal colonial governors, and the numerous adherents of
King Charles, who brought hither in their exile the graces and
luxuriousness of his brilliant court, she became noted among the
colonies for the princely hospitality of her people and for the beauty
and richness of their living. But when at length her great son in the
House of Burgesses sounded the cry of war, and her people made haste
to gird themselves for the long struggle, her daughters, not to be
outdone either in services or patriotism, set about at once the
inauguration of a plan of rigid retrenchment and reform in the
domestic economy, while at the same time exhibiting to their sisters a
noble example of devotion and self-sacrifice.

Tearing the glittering arms of King George from their sideboards, and
casting them, with their costly plate and jewels, as offerings into
the lap of the Continental Congress, they introduced in their homes
that new style of living in which, discarding all the showy
extravagance of the old, and retaining only its inexpensive graces,
they succeeded in perfecting that system which, surviving to this day,
has ever been noted for its beautiful and elegant simplicity.

This system, which combines the thrifty frugality of New England with
the less rigid style of Carolina, has been justly pronounced, by the
throngs of admirers who have gathered from all quarters of the Union
around the generous boards of her illustrious sons, as the very
perfection of domestic art.

It is the object of the compiler of this book, for she does not claim
the title of author, to bring within the reach of every American
housekeeper who may desire it, the domestic principles and practices
of these famous Virginia homes. In doing this she has not sought to
pursue the plan adopted by so many authors of such books--to depend
upon her own _authorship_ for her rule. She confesses that in this
matter her labors have been largely editorial.

Through a long life it has been her good fortune to be a frequent
visitor, and often the intimate guest and kinswoman, at many of these
homes; and she has sought, by the opportunities thus afforded, and
guided by her own extensive experience as a housekeeper, to gather and
select from these numerous sources those things which seemed to her
best and most useful to the practical housewife, and which, carefully
observed, would bring the art within reach of all who have the
ambition to acquire it.

It will be seen that she is indebted to near 250 contributors to her
book. Among these will be found _many names famous_ _through the
land_. Associated with them will be discovered others of less national
celebrity, but who have acquired among their neighbors an equally
merited distinction for the beautiful order and delightful cuisine of
their homes.

The labors of the writer have been greatly lightened by the kindness
of these contributors. And she desires in this public way to renew her
thanks for the aid which they have given her, but even more for the
goodness which prompts them, at cost of their sensitiveness, to allow
her to append their names to the recipes which they furnish.

The book, after great care in its preparation, is now offered to the
public with much confidence. All that is here presented has been so
thoroughly tested, and approved by so many of the best housekeepers in
Virginia, that she feels it must meet with a cordial and very general
reception at the hands of all accomplished housewives throughout the
land, and will supply a long-felt and real need.

If she shall thus succeed in disseminating a knowledge of the practice
of the _most admirable system of domestic art known in our country_;
if she shall succeed in lightening the labors of the housewife by
placing in her reach a guide which will be found _always trusty and
reliable_; if she shall thus make her tasks lighter and home-life
sweeter; if she shall succeed in contributing something to the health
of American children by instructing their mothers in the art of
preparing light and wholesome and palatable food; _if she, above all,
shall succeed in making American homes more attractive to American
husbands, and spare_ _them a resort to hotels and saloons for those
simple luxuries which their wives know not how to provide_; if she
shall thus add to the comfort, to the health and happy contentment of
these, she will have proved in some measure a public benefactor, and
will feel amply repaid for all the labor her work has cost.

     LYNCHBURG, VA., January, 1877.


     MRS. ROBERT ALEXANDER                    Fredericksburg, Va.
     MRS. JOHN J. AMBLER                               Lynchburg.
     MRS. JUDGE ANDERSON                               Lexington.
     MRS. CHARLOTTE ARMSTRONG                           Richmond.
     MISS NANNIE AVERETT                              Amherst Co.
     "MOZIS ADDUMS."                                    Richmond.
     MRS. R. T. H. ADAMS                               Lynchburg.
     MRS. JOHN T. ANDERSON                              Virginia.
     MRS. JOHN THOMPSON BROWN                          Nelson Co.
     MRS. BENJAMIN J. BARBOUR                          Orange Co.
     MRS. JUDGE BARTON                            Fredericksburg.
     MISS MARY BELLA BEALE                              Richmond.
     MRS. ORVILLE BELL                                   Liberty.
     MRS. C. S. BLISS                                  Lynchburg.
     MRS. S. BRADY                             Wheeling, West Va.
     MRS. EMMA BRECKENRIDGE                            Fincastle.
     MRS. JULIA BRECKENRIDGE                               "
     MRS. BRINCKERHOFF                            Fredericksburg.
     MRS. JOHN BROOKE                                  Lexington.
     MRS. M. B.                           Warrenton, Fauquier Co.
     MRS. BRUCE                                         Virginia.
     MRS. MARCUS B. BUCK                  Front Royal, Warren Co.
     MRS. ARMSTEAD BURWELL                           Franklin Co.
     MRS. CHARLES W. BURWELL                    Ellicot City, Md.
     MRS. WM. BURWELL                                    Georgia.
     MRS. CHARLES BUTTON                               Lynchburg.
     DR. BURNEY                                  Montgomery, Ala.
     MRS. GEORGE A. BURKS                              Lynchburg.
     MRS. BROADDUS                                Mecklenburg Co.
     MRS. BYRD                                          Virginia.
     MRS. WILLIAM CAMERON                             Petersburg.
     MRS. CLARA CABELL                                 Nelson Co.
     MRS. LOUIS W. CABELL                          Buckingham Co.
     MRS. MARGARET C. CABELL                            "      "
     MRS. H. COALTER CABELL                             Richmond.
     MRS. MARY C. CAMPBELL                         Baltimore, Md.
     MRS. THOS. CAMPBELL                              Bedford Co.
     MRS. WM. CAMPBELL                                   "     "
     MRS. ELIZA H. CARRINGTON                         Halifax Co.
     MRS. PAUL CARRINGTON                                "     "
     MRS. FANNIE CARRINGTON                         Charlotte Co.
     MRS. HENRY CARRINGTON                              "      "
     MRS. THEO. M. CARSON                              Lynchburg.
     MR. EDWARD CAMM                                       "
     MRS. FANNIE CHALMERS                                  "
     MRS. ADDISON COBBS                      Charleston, West Va.
     MRS. ALICE COLEMAN                               Halifax Co.
     MRS. DR. COLEMAN                               Williamsburg.
     MRS. JOHN L. COLES                        Northumberland Co.
     MRS. PEYTON COLES                              Albemarle Co.
     MRS. TUCKER COLES                                  "      "
     MRS. RALEIGH COLSTON                               Richmond.
     MRS. H. P. CHEW                              Fredericksburg.
     MRS. CAMILLUS CHRISTIAN                           Lynchburg.
     DR. E. A. CRAIGHILL                                   "
     MRS. D. CONE                                      Warren Co.
     MRS. DAVIS                                  Chesterfield Co.
     MRS. ROBERT J. DAVIS                              Lynchburg.
     MRS. MARY M. DAME                                  Danville.
     MRS. JOHN B. DANGERFIELD                         Alexandria.
     MRS. ADDISON M. DAVIES                            Lynchburg.
     MRS. HORATIO DAVIS                          Pittsylvania Co.
     MRS. FRANK DEANE                                  Lynchburg.
     MRS. JOS. DEANS                               Gloucester Co.
     MRS. JUDGE ASA DICKINSON                   Prince Edward Co.
     MRS. MELVILLE DUNN                                 Richmond.
     MRS. ANDREW DUNN                                 Petersburg.
     MRS. DUKE                                        Suffolk Co.
     MISS D. D.                                          Norfolk.
     MISS DIDLAKE                                      Lynchburg.
     MRS. MARIA EDMONDS                         Prince Edward Co.
     MRS. JOHN T. EDWARDS                              Lynchburg.
     MRS. DR. EARLY                                        "
     MRS. EARLY                                            "
     MRS. J. D. EWING                               Harrisonburg.
     MRS. ELAM                                          Virginia.
     MRS. FITZ HUGH                                        "
     MRS. F. B. FICKLIN                           Fredericksburg.
     MRS. F. F. FITZGERALD                             Farmville.
     MRS. J. H. FIGGAT                                 Fincastle.
     MRS. COL. FORSBERG                                Lynchburg.
     MRS. GRAVES                                        Kentucky.
     MRS. CAROLINE GARLAND                             Lynchburg.
     MRS. MARY L. GARLAND                                  "
     MRS. JOHN F. GARDNER                              Nelson Co.
     MRS. JUDGE GEO. H. GILMER                   Pittsylvania Co.
     MRS. F. D. GOODWIN                               Wytheville.
     MRS. JUDGE GOOLRICK                          Fredericksburg.
     MRS. JANE V. GOOLRICK                                 "
     MRS. E. P. GOGGIN                                Lynchburg.
     MRS. SUSAN GOGGIN                               Bedford Co.
     MRS. NEWTON GORDON                               Lynchburg.
     MRS. ISABELLA GILMER                                 "
     MRS. ISABELLA HARRISON                     Charles City Co.
     MRS. ELVIRA HENRY                             Charlotte Co.
     MRS. E. WINSTON HENRY                            "       "
     MRS. MARY G. HARDING                              Staunton.
     MRS. FRED. HICKEY                                Lynchburg.
     MRS. JOHN W. HOLT                                    "
     MRS. ANN HOLT                                      Liberty.
     MRS. FERDINAND C. HUTTER                         Lynchburg.
     MRS. J. P. HUBBARD                  Shepherdstown, West Va.
     MRS. WM. L. HYLAND                    Parkersburg, West Va.
     MRS. EDWARD INGLE                               Roanoke Co.
     MRS. J. J. IRBY                            New Orleans, La.
     MRS. JOSEPH M. JONES                              Kentucky.
     MRS. DR. JONES                                  Bedford Co.
     MRS. ARTHUR JOHNS                           Northampton Co.
     MRS. COL. JOHNSON                                Lexington.
     MRS. J. JOHNSON                                   Abingdon.
     MRS. THOMAS L. JOHNSON                           Lynchburg.
     MRS. DAVID KENT                                 Pulaski Co.
     MRS. D. B. KINCKLE                               Lynchburg.
     MRS. KINSOLVING                                 Halifax Co.
     MRS. KNOX                                   Fredericksburg.
     MRS. DR. HENRY LATHAM                            Lynchburg.
     MRS. K.                                   Norfolk.
     MRS. L. D. LEIGHTON                             Petersburg.
     MRS. COL. AUGUSTINE LEFTWICH                     Lynchburg.
     MRS. GEN. ROBERT E. LEE       "Arlington," Westmoreland Co.
     MISS MILDRED C. LEE                              Lexington.
     MRS. GOV. JOHN LETCHER                               "
     MRS. DR. ROBERT T. LEMMON                      Campbell Co.
     MRS. ANDREW LEWIS                             Harrisonburg.
     MRS. JAMES LANGHORNE                             Lynchburg.
     MRS. JOHN A. LANGHORNE                       Montgomery Co.
     MRS. NANNIE A. LANGHORNE                         Lynchburg.
     MRS. RICHARD T. LACY                                 "
     MRS. M. L.                                           "
     MRS. GEO. D. LAWRENCE                                  Mis.
     MRS. WM. H. LITTLE                          Fredericksburg.
     MRS. J. D. L.                                    Lynchburg.
     L. D. L.                                      Albemarle Co.
     MRS. GOV. MARYE                             Fredericksburg.
     MRS. JOHN MASON                                    "
     MRS. O. MASSIE                              Brooklyn, N. Y.
     MRS. PATRICK MASSIE                              Nelson Co.
     MRS. SARAH MEEM                                   Abingdon.
     MRS. JOHN F. MILLER                              Lynchburg.
     MRS. CHARLES L. C. MINOR                        Blacksburg.
     MRS. C. C. MCPHAIL                            Charlotte Co.
     MRS. JOHN R. MCDANIEL                            Lynchburg.
     MRS. MARY MCNUTT                          Prince Edward Co.
     MRS. R. K. MEADE                                Petersburg.
     MRS. WM. H. MOSBY                               Amherst Co.
     MRS. ALICE MURREL                                Lynchburg.
     MRS. WM. MCFARLAND                                Missouri.
     MRS. C. V. MCGEE                                       Ala.
     MRS. MCGAVOCK                                   Pulaski Co.
     GEN. M.                                           Virginia.
     MRS. JAMES J. MOORE                               Richmond.
     MRS. GEO. NEWTON                                   Norfolk.
     MISS FANNIE NELSON                                Yorktown.
     MRS. GEO. NICHOLS                               Bedford Co.
     MRS. GEN. F. T. NICHOLS                    New Orleans, La.
     MRS. CHARLES NORVELL                             Lynchburg.
     MISS NORWOOD                                      Richmond.
     MRS. ROBERT L. OWEN                              Lynchburg.
     MRS. GEO. W. PALMER                              Saltville.
     MRS. R. L. PAGE                                    Norfolk.
     MRS. DAVID PIERCE                               Wytheville.
     MRS. JOHN D. POWELL                             Portsmouth.
     MRS. WM. BALLARD PRESTON                     Montgomery Co.
     MRS. GEN. ROBERT PRESTON                          "      "
     MRS. JAS. PRESTON                                 "      "
     MRS. PRESTON                                      Virginia.
     MRS. ANNIS E. PRESTON                            Lynchburg.
     MRS. RICHARD POLLARD                                 "
     MRS. JAMES F. PAYNE                                  "
     MISS ELIZA PAYNE                                     "
     MRS. ANNIE PHILLIPS                         Fredericksburg.
     MRS. EDMUND H. PENDLETON                  Cincinnati, Ohio.
     MRS. PRICE                                    Charlotte Co.
     MRS. JOHN H. PARKER                        Chesterfield Co.
     MRS. REID                                          Norfolk.
     MRS. MATTIE REID                                Winchester.
     MRS. DAVID S. READ                              Roanoke Co.
     MRS. WM. C. RIVES                             Albemarle Co.
     MRS. J. HENRY RIVES                              Lynchburg.
     MRS. ROANE                                           "
     MRS. J. H. ROBINSON                                  "
     MRS. W. RUSSELL ROBINSON                          Richmond.
     MRS. DR. EDWARD T. ROBINSON                           "
     MRS. JOHN ROBERTS                           Fredericksburg.
     MRS. E. M. RUGGLES                                 "
     MRS. DR. SALE                                      Liberty.
     MRS. GEO. D. SAUNDERS                        Buckingham Co.
     MRS. ANN SAUNDERS                                Lynchburg.
     MRS. JAMES A. SEDDON                           Goochland Co.
     MRS. DR. SEMPLE                                         Ala.
     MRS. H. H. SERVICE                               Alexandria.
     MRS. J. W. SHIELDS                                 Richmond.
     MRS. JAS. W. SHIELDS                           King Geo. Co.
     MRS. H. T. SILVERTHORN                            Lynchburg.
     MRS. WM. A. STROTHER                                  "
     MR. WM. A. STROTHER                                   "
     MRS. JOHN W. STONE                                    "
     MRS. JOHN F. SLAUGHTER                                "
     MISS LILLIE SLAUGHTER                                 "
     MRS. KATE SLAUGHTER                                   "
     MRS. JUDGE SPENCE                                     "
     MRS. HENDERSON SUTER                                Liberty.
     MRS. HARRIET STANSBURY                      New Orleans, La.
     MRS. SHANNON                                           Miss.
     MISS ELLEN SHUTE                            New Orleans, La.
     MISS REBECCA SMITH                                  Norfolk.
     MRS. CHARLES SHARP                                     "
     MRS. SPARKS                                        Virginia.
     MRS. COL. SMITH                             Pittsylvania Co.
     MRS. A. H. M. TALIAFERRO                          Orange Co.
     MRS. MARY W. TAYLOR                             Campbell Co.
     MRS. MAJOR THOS. L. TAYLOR                    Campbell C. H.
     MISS JULIA THOMPSON                            Williamsburg.
     MRS. C. L. THOMPSON                                Richmond.
     MRS. J. HANSON THOMAS                         Baltimore, Md.
     MRS. ELI TUTWILER                                 Lexington.
     MRS. SAMUEL TYREE                                 Lynchburg.
     MRS. JOHN H. TYREE                                    "
     MRS. JAS. TAYLOR                             Fredericksburg.
     MISS EDMONIA TAYLOR                               Orange Co.
     MRS. TUCKER                                        Virginia.
     MRS. JUDGE WATSON                                  Abingdon.
     MRS. DR. THOS. WALKER                             Lynchburg.
     MRS. COL. W.                                          "
     MRS. COL. ROBERT E. WITHERS                      Wytheville.
     MRS. PHILIP T. WITHERS                            Lynchburg.
     MRS. DR. R. W. WITHERS                          Campbell Co.
     MRS. EDMUND WITHERS                               Nelson Co.
     MRS. DR. WINGFIELD                                 Maryland.
     MRS. R. M. C. WINGFIELD                          Portsmouth.
     MRS. J. C. WHEAT                                 Winchester.
     MRS. JUDGE WHARTON                                  Liberty.
     MISS EMILY WHITEHEAD                                Norfolk.
     MRS. ROBERT WHITEHEAD                             Nelson Co.
     MRS. JOHN M. WARWICK                              Lynchburg.
     MRS. WM. N. WELFORD                                   "
     MR. PHILIP WITHERS                                    "
     MISS KATE WILSON                                      "
     DR. THOS. L. WALKER                                   "
     MISS NANNIE S. LANGHORNE                              "



Bread is so vitally important an element in our nourishment that I
have assigned to it the first place in my work. Truly, as Frederika
Bremer says, "when the bread rises in the oven, the heart of the
housewife rises with it," and she might have added that the heart of
the housewife sinks in sympathy with the sinking bread.

I would say to housewives, be not daunted by one failure, nor by
twenty. Resolve that you _will_ have good bread, and never cease
striving after this result till you have effected it. If persons
without brains can accomplish this, why cannot you? I would recommend
that the housekeeper acquire the practice as well as the theory of
bread-making. In this way, she will be able to give more exact
directions to her cook and to more readily detect and rectify any
blemish in the bread. Besides, if circumstances should throw her out
of a cook for a short time, she is then prepared for the emergency. In
this country fortunes are so rapidly made and lost, the vicissitudes
of life are so sudden, that we know not what a day may bring forth. It
is not uncommon to see elegant and refined women brought suddenly face
to face with emergencies which their practical knowledge of household
economy and their brave hearts enable them to firmly meet and

To return to the bread question, however. Good flour is an
indispensable requisite to good bread. Flour, whether old or new,
should always be sunned and aired before being used. In the morning,
get out the flour to be made up at night for next morning's breakfast.
Sift it in a tray and put it out in the sun, or, if the day is damp,
set it near the kitchen fire. Only experience will enable you to be a
good judge of flour. One test is to rub the dry flour between your
fingers, and if the grains feel round, it is a sign that the flour is
good. If after trying a barrel of flour twice, you find it becomes wet
and sticky, after being made up of the proper consistency, you had
better then return it to your grocer.

The best flour is worthless without good yeast. Yeast made up in the
morning ought to be fit for use at night. It should be foamy and
frothy, with a scent slightly like ammonia. After closely following
the directions for yeast-making, given in the subsequent pages, the
bread will be apt to succeed, if the flour employed is good.

There is a great art in mixing bread, and it is necessary to observe a
certain rotation in the process. To make a small quantity of bread,
first sift one quart of flour; into that sift a teaspoonful of salt,
next rub in an Irish potato, boiled and mashed fine, then add a piece
of lard the size of a walnut, and next a half teacup of yeast in which
three teaspoonfuls of white sugar have been stirred. (Under no
circumstances use soda or saleratus in your light dough.) Then make
into a soft dough with cold water in summer, and lukewarm in winter.
Knead without intermission for half an hour, _by the clock_. Otherwise
five minutes appear to be a half hour when bread is being kneaded or
beaten. Then place it in a stone crock, greased with lard at the
bottom, and set it to rise. In summer, apply no artificial heat to it,
but set it in a cool place. As bread rises much more quickly in summer
than in winter, you must make allowance for this difference, during
the respective seasons. The whole process, including both the first
and second rising, may be accomplished in seven or eight hours in
summer, though this will be regulated partly by the flour, as some
kinds of flour rise much more quickly than others. In summer you may
make it up at nine o'clock P.M., for an eight o'clock breakfast next
morning, but in winter, make it up at seven P.M., and then set it on a
shelf under which a lighted coal-oil lamp is placed. If you can have a
three-cornered shelf of slate or sheet-iron, placed in a corner of the
kitchen, just above the bread block, it will be all the better, though
a common wooden shelf, made very thin, will answer, where you cannot
get the other. The coal-oil lamp underneath without running the risk
of burning the shelf (if wooden), will keep the bread gently heated
all night, and will answer the double purpose of keeping a light
burning, which most persons like to do at night, and which they can do
with scarcely any expense, by using a coal-oil lamp.

Never knead bread a second time in the morning, as this ruins it.
Handle lightly as possible, make into the desired shapes and put into
the moulds in which it is to be baked. Grease your hands before doing
this, so as to grease the loaf or each roll as you put it in, or else
dip a feather in lard and pass lightly over the bread just before
putting it in the oven to bake. Let it be a little warmer during the
second rise than during the first. Always shape and put in the moulds
two hours before breakfast. If hot bread is desired for dinner,
reserve part of the breakfast dough, keeping it in the kitchen in
winter, and in the refrigerator in summer till two hours before

In baking, set the bread on the floor of the stove or range, never on
the shelf. Always turn up the damper before baking any kind of bread.
As you set the bread in the stove, lay a piece of stiff writing paper
over it to keep it from browning before heating through. Leave the
door ajar a few minutes, then remove the paper and shut the door. When
the top of the loaf is a light amber color, put back the paper that
the bread may not brown too much while thoroughly baking. Turn the
mould around so that each part may be exposed to equal heat. Have an
empty baking-pan on the shelf above the bread, to prevent it from
blistering: some persons fill the pan with water, but I think this is
a bad plan, as the vapor injures the bread. When thoroughly done, wrap
the bread a few moments in a clean, thick, bread towel and send to the
table with a napkin over it, to be kept on till each person has taken
his seat at table.

I would suggest to housekeepers to have made at a tinner's, a
sheet-iron shape for bread, eight inches long, four and one-half
inches wide, and five and one-half deep. This is somewhat like a
brickbat in shape, only deeper, and is very desirable for bread that
is to be cut in slices, and also for bread that is to be pulled off in
slices. A quart of flour will make eight large rolls, six inches high,
for this mould, and three or four turnovers. It is a nice plan after
making out the eight rolls to roll them with greased hands till each
one will reach across the pan (four and one-half inches), making eight
slices of bread which will pull off beautifully when well done, and
thus save the task of slicing with a knife. It requires an hour to
bake this bread properly.

Do not constantly make bread in the same shapes: each morning, try to
have some variation. Plain light bread dough may be made into loaves,
rolls, twist, turnovers, light biscuit, etc., and these changes of
shape make a pleasant and appetizing variety in the appearance of the
table. The addition of three eggs to plain light bread dough will
enable you to make French rolls, muffins, or Sally-Lunn of it. As
bread is far more appetizing, baked in pretty shapes, I would suggest
the snow-ball shape for muffins and egg bread. Very pretty iron shapes
(eight or twelve in a group, joined together) may be procured from
almost any tinner.

If you should have indifferent flour of which you cannot get rid, bear
in mind that it will sometimes make excellent beaten biscuit when it
will not make good light bread. In making beaten biscuit, always put
one teaspoonful of salt, a piece of lard the size of an egg, and a
teacup of milk to a quart of flour, adding enough cold water to make a
stiff dough: no other ingredients are admissible. Make the dough much
stiffer than for other breads, beat steadily a half hour, _by the
clock_. Cut with a biscuit cutter or shape by hand, being careful to
have the shape of each alike and perfect. Make them not quite half an
inch thick, as they rise in baking. Do not let them touch each other
in the pan, and let the oven be very hot. It is well not to have
beaten biscuit and light bread baked at the same time, as they require
different degrees of heat. When two kinds of bread are required, try
to have two such as require the same amount of heat. Egg bread and
corn muffins require the same degree of heat as beaten biscuit, while
Sally-Lunn and muffins need the same as light bread.

There is no reason why the poor man should not have as well prepared
and palatable food as the wealthy, for, by care and pains, the finest
bread may be made of the simplest materials, and surely the loving
hands of the poor man's wife and daughter will take as much pains to
make his bread nice and light as hirelings will do for the wealthy.
The mistake generally made by persons in restricted circumstances is
to make too great a use of soda bread, which is not only less
wholesome, but is more expensive than light bread or beaten biscuit,
as it requires more ingredients. The bread, coffee and meat, which
constitute the poor man's breakfast, properly cooked, furnish a meal
fit for a prince.

The furnishing of the kitchen is so important that I must here say a
few words on the subject. First, the housekeeper must have a good
stove or range, and it is well for her to have the dealer at hand when
it is put up, to see that it draws well. Besides the utensils
furnished with the range or stove, she must provide every kitchen
utensil needed in cooking. She must have a kitchen safe,--a bread
block in the corner, furnished with a heavy iron beater; trays,
sifters (with iron rims) steamers, colanders, a porcelain preserving
kettle, perforated skimmers and spoons, ladles, long-handled iron
forks and spoons, sharp knives and skewers, graters, egg beaters (the
Dover is the best), plenty of extra bread pans, dippers and tins of
every kind, iron moulds for egg bread and muffins, wash pans, tea
towels, bread towels, and hand towels, plates, knives, forks and
spoons for use of the servants, a pepper box, salt box and dredge box
(filled), a match safe, and last, but not least, a clock. Try as far
as possible to have the utensils of metal, rather than of wood. In
cases where you cannot have cold and hot water conveyed into the
kitchen, always keep on the stove a kettle of hot water, with a clean
rag in it, in which all greasy dishes and kitchen utensils may be
washed before being rinsed in the kitchen wash pan. Always keep your
cook well supplied with soap, washing mops and coarse linen dish rags.
I have noticed that if you hem the latter, servants are not so apt to
throw them away. Insist on having each utensil cleaned immediately
after being used. Have shelves and proper places to put each article,
hooks to hang the spoons on, etc. If you cannot have an oilcloth on
your kitchen floor, have it oiled and then it may be easily and
quickly wiped over every morning. Once a week, have the kitchen and
every article in it thoroughly cleaned. First clean the pipe of the
stove, as the dust, soot and ashes fly over the kitchen and soil
everything. Then take the stove to pieces, as far as practicable,
cleaning each part, especially the bottom, as neglect of this will
prevent the bread from baking well at the bottom. After the stove is
thoroughly swept out,--oven and all, apply stove polish. I consider
"Crumbs of Comfort" the best preparation for this purpose. It comes in
small pieces, each one of which is sufficient to clean the stove once,
and is thus less apt to be wasted or thrown away by servants than
stove polish that comes in a mass. Next remove everything from the
kitchen safe and shelves, which must be scoured before replacing the
utensils belonging to them, and these too must first be scoured,
scalded, and wiped dry. Then wash the windows, and lastly the floor,
scouring the latter unless it is oiled, in which case, have it merely
wiped over.

Never let a servant take up ashes in a wooden vessel. Keep a
sheet-iron pan or scuttle for the purpose. At night, always have the
water buckets filled with water and also the kettles, setting the
latter on the stove or range, in case of sickness or any emergency
during the night. Have kindling wood at hand also, so that a fire may
be quickly made, if needed.

Sometimes a discoloration is observable in iron kettles or other iron
vessels. This may be avoided by filling them with hay before using
them. Pour water over the hay, set the vessel on the fire and let it
remain till the water boils. After this, scour in sand and ashes--then
wash in hot soap-suds, after which process, there will be no danger of


     Wheat Flour. 1 lb. is 1 quart.
     Indian Meal. 1 lb. 2 oz. are 1 quart.
     Butter, when soft, 1 lb. is 1 pint.
     Loaf sugar, broken, 1 lb. is 1 quart.
     White sugar, powdered, 1 lb. 1 oz. are 1 quart.
     Best brown sugar, 1 lb. 2 oz. are 1 quart.
     Ten eggs are 1 lb.
     Flour. 8 quarts are 1 peck.
        "   4 pecks are 1 bushel.
     16 large tablespoonfuls are ½ pint.
     8 large tablespoonfuls are 1 gill.
     2 gills are ½ pint.
     A common sized tumbler holds ½ pint.
     A tablespoonful is ½ oz.
     60 drops are equal to a teaspoonful.
     4 teaspoonfuls are equal to 1 tablespoonful.


Boil one quart of Irish potatoes in three quarts of water. When done,
take out the potatoes, one by one, on a fork, peel and mash them fine,
in a tray, with a large iron spoon, leaving the boiling water on the
stove during the process. Throw in this water a handful of hops, which
must scald, not boil, as it turns the tea very dark to let the hops

Add to the mashed potatoes a heaping teacupful of powdered white sugar
and half a teacupful of salt; then slowly stir in the strained hop
tea, so that there will be no lumps. When milk-warm add a teacupful of
yeast and pour into glass fruit jars, or large, clear glass bottles,
to ferment, being careful not to close them tightly. Set in a warm
place in winter, a cool one in summer. In six hours it will be ready
for use, and at the end of that time the jar or bottle must be
securely closed. Keep in a cold room in winter, and in the
refrigerator in summer. This yeast will keep two weeks in winter and
one week in summer. Bread made from it is always sweet.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 quart of potatoes, boiled and mashed fine.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     ½ teacup of sugar.

Put two cups of flour in a bowl, and pour over it three cups of strong
hop-water, scalding hot, and stir it briskly.

Then put all the ingredients in a jar together, and when cool enough,
add a cup of yeast, or leaven.

Set it by the fire to rise.

It will be ready for use in five or six hours.--_Mrs. E._

_Another Recipe for Yeast._

     12 large potatoes, boiled and mashed fine.
     1 teacup of brown sugar.
     1 teacup of salt.
     1 gallon of hop tea.

Mix the ingredients well, and when milk-warm, add a pint of yeast. Set
it in a warm place to rise. Put one teacupful of this yeast, when
risen, to two quarts of flour.--_Mrs. Dr. S._

_Yeast that Never Fails._

Boil twelve potatoes in four quarts of water till reduced to three

Then take out and mash the potatoes, and throw into the water three
handfuls of hops.

When the hops have boiled to a good tea, strain the water over the
potatoes, a small quantity at a time, mixing them well together.

     Add one teacup of brown sugar.
     1 teacup of salt.
     1 tablespoonful of ground ginger.

When milk-warm, add yeast of the same sort to make it rise.

Put it in bottles, or a jug, leaving it uncorked for a day.

Set it in a cool place.

Put two large tablespoonfuls of it to a quart of flour, and when
making up, boil a potato and mix with it.

This yeast never sours, and is good as long as it lasts.--_Mrs. A. F._


On one pint of flour pour enough boiling water to make a thick batter,
stirring it until perfectly smooth, and then let it stand till

     Then add a teaspoonful of powdered alum.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 tablespoonful of sugar.
     Half a teacup of yeast.

After it ferments, add enough meal to make it a stiff dough.

Let it stand till it works, and then spread it in the shade to dry.

To a quart of flour put a tablespoonful of crumbs.--_Mrs. P._


     2 tablespoonfuls of flour.
     1 tablespoonful of lard or butter.
     2 tablespoonfuls of yeast.
     2 eggs.
     1 potato.
     2 teaspoonfuls of sugar.

Make the leaven soon after breakfast in winter, and at one o'clock
P.M. in summer. Let it be of the consistency of batter. Put it in a
small bucket, in a warm place, to rise till four o'clock P.M. This
amount of leaven is sufficient for two quarts of flour. If for loaf
bread, leave out the eggs and butter.--_Mrs. M._


     1 quart of flour.
     Lard the size of a walnut.
     1 small Irish potato, boiled and mashed fine.
     1 heaping teaspoonful of salt.
     Half a teacup of good yeast, into which put a tablespoonful of
       white sugar.

Make up a soft dough with cold water in summer and milk-warm water in
winter. This must be kneaded for thirty minutes, and then set to rise,
in a cool place in summer, and a warm one in winter; must never be
kept more than milk-warm.

Two hours before breakfast, make the dough into the desired shapes,
handling it lightly, _without kneading it_, first rubbing lard over
the hands, and taking especial care to grease the bread on top. Then
set it to rise again.

Thirty minutes are sufficient for baking it, unless it be in the form
of a loaf or rolls, in which case, it must be baked fifteen minutes
longer. Excellent muffins may be made by the above receipt, adding two
eggs well beaten, so that from the same batch of dough both plain
bread and muffins may be made.

Iron moulds are best for baking.

For those who prefer warm bread for dinner, it is a good plan to
reserve a portion of the breakfast dough, setting it away in a cool
place till two hours before dinner, then make into turnovers or twist,
set it to rise and bake it for dinner, as for breakfast. Very nice on
a cold day, and greatly preferable to warmed-over bread.--_Mrs. S. T._


     2 quarts of flour.
     2 tablespoonfuls of lard or butter.
     2 teaspoonfuls of salt.
     Enough sponge for a two-quart loaf of bread.
     Mix with one pint of sweet milk.

Make into rolls and bake with very little fire under the oven.--_Mrs.
A. C._


First make a batter of the following ingredients.

     1 pint of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 teaspoonful of sugar.
     A cup of water.
     A cup of good yeast.

Set this to rise and when risen work in two pints of flour, or, if the
batter is not sufficient to work up this flour, add a little water.

Work it smoothly and set it to rise.

When risen, add a small piece of lard, work it well again, let it
stand an hour and then bake it slowly.--_Mrs. P. W._


Sponge for the same.

Boil one large Irish potato, until well done, then peel and mash it
fine, adding a little cold water to soften it. Stir into it

     1 teaspoonful of brown sugar.
     1 tablespoonful of sweet lard.

Then add three tablespoonfuls of good hop yeast.

Mix the ingredients thoroughly, then put the sponge in a mug with a
close-fitting top, and let it stand several hours to rise.

Sift into the tray three pints of the best family flour, to which add
a teaspoonful of salt. Then pour in the sponge and add enough cold
water to the flour to work it up into a rather stiff dough. Knead it
till the dough is smooth, then let it stand all night to rise. Work it
over in the morning, using just enough flour to keep it from sticking
to the hands. Allow it one hour to rise before baking and one hour to
bake in a moderate oven. Then it will be thoroughly done and well

Use a little lard on the hands when making out the loaf, as it keeps
the crust from being too hard.--_Mrs. S._

_Another Recipe for Loaf Bread._

Good flour is the first requisite, and next, good yeast and sufficient

For a loaf of ordinary size, use

     2 lbs. of flour.
     Lard the size of a hen's egg.
     A saltspoonful of salt.
     2 gills of yeast.

Mix up these ingredients into a moderately stiff dough, using for the
purpose, from three gills to a pint of water. Some flour being more
adhesive than others, you have to learn by experience the exact amount
of water required.

Knead the dough till perfectly smooth, then set it to rise, in a cool
place, in summer, but in a warm place, free from draughts, in winter.
In the latter season it is better to keep a blanket wrapped around it.

This amount of flour will rise to the top of a gallon and a half jar
or bucket. If it is ready before time, stir it down and set it in a
cooler place.

When you put it in the baking-pan (in which it will be in an inch of
the top, if the pan be of a suitable size for the amount of flour)
cover it well, or a hard crust will form from the effects of the
atmosphere. Keep it a little warmer during the second rise than during
the first. When ready for baking, set it in the oven and bake it for
three-quarters of an hour with a moderate fire, evenly kept up. It
will then come out without sticking, if the pans are well cared
for.--_Mrs. J. J. A._


     2 quarts of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of sugar.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     Half a teacup of yeast.
     One egg, well beaten.
     1 pint of water.

Sift the flour and divide it into three parts. Mix one third in the
batter, one third in the jar to rise in, and pour the other third over
the batter. Let it stand two hours and then work it well, adding a
small piece of lard before baking.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Mix the following ingredients.

     Four pints of flour.
     1 pint of fresh milk.
     2 eggs, well beaten.
     1 large tablespoonful of melted lard.
     1 large tablespoonful of hop yeast.

Set it to rise at eleven o'clock in the morning, for early tea. Make
into rolls at five o'clock P.M., and bake as soon as risen. In cool
weather, set before the fire, both before and after making it into
rolls.--_Mrs. S._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     2 eggs.
     1 large tablespoonful of lard.
     2 tablespoonfuls of yeast.

Work and knead it well at night, and in the morning work it well
again, make it into rolls, put them in the oven to take a second rise,
and when risen, bake them.--_Mrs. Col. W._

_Another Recipe for French Rolls._

     3 pints of flour.
     1 gill of yeast.
     1 egg (beaten up).
     1 tablespoonful of butter.

Mix up with milk and warm water and set to rise.--_Mrs. Dr. E._

_Another Recipe for French Rolls or Twist._

     1 quart of lukewarm milk.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 teacup of yeast.
     Enough flour to make a stiff batter.

When very light, add one beaten egg and two teaspoonfuls of butter,
and knead in the flour till stiff enough to roll. Let it rise a second
time, and, when very light, roll out, cut in strips and braid it. Bake
thirty minutes, on buttered tins.--_Mrs. S._


     Three pints of flour.
     Two eggs.
     One teacup of sweet milk.
     One teacup of yeast.
     1 tablespoonful of lard, and the same of butter.

Mix well and beat the dough till it blisters.

Let it rise, work in a small quantity of flour, beat as before and
make into rolls. After the second rising, bake quickly.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     2 teaspoonfuls of sugar.
     2 tablespoonfuls of lard.
     3 tablespoonfuls of yeast.
     2 eggs.

Mix up these ingredients with warm water, making up the dough at ten
A.M. in summer and eight A.M. in winter. Put in half the lard when it
is first worked up, and at the second working put in the rest of the
lard and a little more flour.

Roll out the dough in strips as long and wide as your hand, spread
with butter and roll up like a pocketbook. Put them in buttered tins,
and, when they are light, bake them a light brown--_Mrs. L. C. C._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 large Irish potato, boiled and mashed.
     3 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of butter or lard.
     2 tablespoonfuls of yeast.
     1 teacup of milk.

Rub the potato in the flour, then the lard and other ingredients,
making it into a soft dough. Then set it to rise, at night if you wish
it for breakfast next morning. Early in the morning, take off a piece
of dough, the size of a biscuit, roll it out, about five inches long,
then turn it about half over. When you have made up all the dough, in
shapes like this, place them on a dish or board, cover with a napkin
and set aside for a second rising. When ready to bake, dip a feather
in water and pass over them to prevent the crust being too hard. If
the dough should be sour, knead in a little soda, which will correct
it--_Mrs. A. C._

_Another Recipe for Turnovers._

     1 quart of flour.
     4 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of lard or butter.
     1 tablespoonful of yeast.

Set it to rise, then make them up round and flat, greasing the upper
side with lard and turning over one side. When well risen the second
time, bake--_Mrs. I._


From the dough of loaf bread or French rolls, reserve enough to make
two long strips or rolls, say, fifteen inches long and one inch in
diameter. Rub lard well between the hands before handling and shaping
these strips. Pinch the two ends so as to make them stick together.
Twist them, pressing the other ends together to prevent
unrolling.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 quart of flour.
     4 eggs.
     1 cup of butter.
     1 cup of yeast.
     1 large Irish potato, boiled and mashed into the flour.

Add the yeast, butter and eggs, after mashing the potato in the flour.
Knead all together and set to rise.


     1 quart of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 tablespoonful of white sugar.
     Rub in a heaping tablespoonful of butter and lard in equal parts,
       then rub in an Irish potato, mashed fine.
     Half a teacup of yeast.
     3 eggs well beaten.

Make up the dough to the consistency of light bread dough, with warm
water in winter, and cold in summer. Knead half an hour. When it has
risen light, handle lightly, put into a cake-mould and bake without a
second kneading.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Another Recipe for Sally-Lunn._

     1 quart of flour.
     1 tablespoonful of yeast.
     4 eggs well beaten.
     2 oz. of butter or lard.
     1 pint of milk.

Set it to rise in the pan in which it is to be baked.--_Mrs. A. C._

_Another Recipe for Sally-Lunn._

     3 pints of flour.
     1 tablespoonful of butter and the same of lard.
     3 eggs.
     1 light teacup of yeast.
     2 large tablespoonfuls of sugar.

Use as much milk in mixing as will make a soft dough. Work this well,
as it gets only one working. Then grease it, put it in a greased pan,
and set it in a warm place to rise. Bake about an hour.--_Mrs. Dr. T._

_Recipe for the Same._

     1 quart of flour.
     3 tablespoonfuls of yeast.
     3 eggs.
     1 saltspoonful of salt.
     Butter the size of an egg.

Make up with new milk into a tolerably stiff batter. Set it to rise
and when risen pour into a mould and set to rise again, as light
bread. Bake quickly.--_Mrs. L._


     1 quart of flour.
     Half cup of butter.
     2 eggs.
     2 cups of milk.
     Two teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     2 tablespoonfuls of sugar.
     1 saltspoonful of salt.

Bake fifteen minutes.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1 quart of flour.
     6 eggs, beaten very light.
     2 tablespoonfuls of butter.
     2 tablespoonfuls of yeast.--_Mrs. Dr. E._


Sift three good pints of flour. Beat well six eggs, leaving out one
and a half of the whites. Then beat into them as much flour as they
will take in; then add milk and flour alternately (beating all the
while) till all the flour is used. Add five tablespoonfuls of yeast,
and when this batter is well beaten, stir into it two ounces of melted
butter, cooled but liquid. The batter must be as stiff as can be
beaten with an iron spoon. Bake in a hot oven.--_Mrs. L._


Work together, about twelve o'clock in the day, one pint of yeast,
half a pint of water, six eggs, one pound of butter and enough flour
to make a dough just stiff enough not to stick to the fingers. After
the dough is risen, make it out in biscuit and allow half an hour or
more for them to rise before baking.--_Mrs. L._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 tablespoonful of white sugar.

Rub in one heaping tablespoonful of butter and lard mixed, and one
tablespoonful of Irish potato, mashed free from lumps.

Pour in three well beaten eggs and a half teacup of yeast. Make into a
soft dough with warm water in winter and cold in summer. Knead well
for half an hour. Set to rise where it will be milk-warm, in winter,
and cool in summer. If wanted for an eight o'clock winter breakfast,
make up at eight o'clock the night before. At six o'clock in the
morning, make out into round balls (without kneading again), and drop
into snow-ball moulds that have been well greased. Take care also to
grease the hands and pass them over the tops of the muffins. Set them
in a warm place for two hours and then bake.

These are the best muffins I ever ate.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil one quart of milk. When nearly cool stir in one quart sifted
flour, one teaspoonful salt, one half cup of yeast. Then stir in three
well beaten eggs. Let it rise in a warm place in winter and a cool one
in summer, eight or ten hours. When risen light, stir in one
tablespoonful melted butter and bake in iron muffin moulds.--_Mrs. W.
H. M._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 pint milk.
     3 eggs.
     1 heaping tablespoonful lard.
     1    "          "       butter.
     ½ cup yeast.
     1 teaspoonful sugar.

Mix and beat till perfectly light.--_Mrs. W. S._

_Another Recipe for Muffins._

One quart of milk, one dozen eggs, one pound of butter. Beat the
butter and yolks together. Beat the whites to a stiff froth. Make the
batter the consistency of pound cake, and bake in snow-ball cups as
soon as made.--_Mrs. C. W. B._


     3 pints of flour.
     4 eggs.
     1 pint of milk.
     1 large tablespoonful of butter.
     1 gill of yeast.
     A little salt.

Make up at night. This makes two loaves.--_Mrs. A. F._


     1 quart of flour.
     2 eggs.
     3 teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.

Add enough buttermilk to make a stiff batter, and bake immediately.


     1 pint of flour.
     Whites of 8 eggs, beaten to a stiff froth.

Add enough milk to make it into a thin batter. Put in a little salt.
Very nice.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._


Beat the whites and yolks of four eggs separately. When well beaten,
mix them and add to them a half pint of cream, a lump of melted butter
half the size of an egg. Then mix in slowly one pint of flour and
bake it quickly, in small tins, without any further beating. A
delicious breakfast bread.--_Mrs. McG., Ala._

_Miscellaneous Yeast Breads._


     1 pint of potato yeast.
     4 ounces of sugar.
     4 ounces of butter.
     1 egg and as much flour as will make a soft dough.

Make as Sally-Lunn and bake in rolls.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 tablespoonful of sugar.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     1 tablespoonful of yeast.
     2 eggs, and a little salt.

Make up at night for breakfast, mixing it with water. Bake in a quart
tin pan.--_Mrs. A. B._


     1 quart of flour.
     4 eggs.
     4 good sized Irish potatoes, boiled, mashed and strained
       through a colander.
     2 ounces of butter.
     As much yeast as is needed to make it rise.

To be made up with water, not so stiff as light bread dough. Bake in a
loaf or rolls.--_Mrs. J. H. F._


Made at night like common light bread. Roll out the size of saucers in
the morning, for the second rising. Bake on a hoe, turning over as a
hoe cake. Then toast the sides, in front of a fire. A very nice,
old-fashioned bread.--_Mrs. Dr. E._


The night before baking, make a sponge of white flour, using half new
milk and half cold water, with a teacup two thirds full of home-made
yeast. In the morning, put four tablespoonfuls of this sponge in a
separate dish, adding three tablespoonfuls of molasses, a little milk
or water, and stirring in as much Graham flour as you can with a
spoon. Then let it rise and mould the same as white bread.


One quart of light bread sponge, one-half teacup of molasses. Stir
into the above, with a large spoon, unbolted wheat meal, until it is a
stiff dough. Grease a deep pan, put the mixture in; when light, put
the pan over a kettle of hot water (the bread well covered), and steam
for half an hour. Then put in the oven and bake until done. Especially
good for dyspeptics.--_Mrs. D. Cone._


One quart of flour, one teacup of yeast, one teacup of melted lard or
butter, four eggs, one teaspoonful of salt. Let it rise as light
bread, and, when risen, make it into square rolls, without working it
a second time. Let it rise again and then bake it.--_Mrs. R. E. W._


     1 cup of yeast.
     1 cup of sugar.
     1 cup of cream.
     4 eggs.

Enough flour to make a batter, mixed with the other ingredients. Let
it rise; then add enough flour to make rolls, and also add a teacup
of lard and butter mixed. Bake as rolls after they have risen.--_Mrs.


Melt three ounces of butter in a pint of milk. Beat six eggs into
one-fourth of a pound of sugar. Mix these ingredients with enough
flour to make a batter, adding a gill of yeast and half a teaspoonful
of salt. When light, add flour to make a dough stiff enough to mould.
Make into small cakes and let them rise in a warm place while the oven
is heating.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1 quart of flour.
     2 eggs.
     2 cups of sugar.
     2 cups of lard and butter mixed.
     2 cups of potato yeast.
     2 cups of milk.
     1 nutmeg.

Put all the ingredients in the middle of the flour, work well together
and set to rise as loaf bread. Wash the rolls over with butter and
sugar.--_Mrs. C. L. T._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Rub in one tablespoonful of butter and lard mixed.

Pour in half a teacup of yeast, two well beaten eggs, and enough water
to make a soft dough. Knead half an hour. Then set to rise; when well
risen, roll out, without kneading again. Handle lightly, first
greasing the hands with butter. Cut with a biscuit cutter, greasing
one biscuit and placing another on it. Set to rise a second time
before baking.--_Mrs. S. T._


One pint of flour, one of milk, three eggs beaten well together. Bake
in cups.--_Miss D._


One quart of flour, lard the size of a hen's egg, one teaspoonful of
salt. Make into a moderately stiff dough with sweet milk. Beat for
half an hour. Make out with the hand or cut with the biscuit cutter.
Stick with a fork and bake in a hot oven, yet not sufficiently hot to
blister the biscuit.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Another Recipe for Beaten Biscuit._

     1 quart of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 egg.
     1 tablespoonful of butter and the same of lard.

Mix up these ingredients with skimmed milk, work them well together
and beat fifteen minutes. Stick with a fork and bake quickly.--_Mrs.
E. B._


1 quart of flour.

1 heaping teaspoonful of cream of tartar, the same of soda, and the
same of salt. Sift these together, then rub in a tablespoonful of lard
and make up the dough with milk and water.--_Mrs. E. B._


1 quart of sifted flour.

Four teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar and two teaspoonfuls of fine
table salt, which must be well diffused through the flour. Then add
two ounces of fresh, good butter. Take one pint of pure, sweet cream,
put in it two even teaspoonfuls of soda and then add it to the flour.
The dough ought to be very soft; but should it be too soft, add a
little more flour. Work it well, roll it out half an inch thick, cut
with a biscuit cutter and bake in a quick oven five minutes.--_Mrs. J.
H. F._


Boil four large Irish potatoes. While hot, mash them with a piece of
lard the size of an egg. Add one teacup of milk and one of yeast. Stir
in enough flour to make a good batter and set it to rise. It will take
about two quarts of flour. When light, make up the dough. You
generally have to add more water or milk. Roll thick, let them rise
slowly, but bake them quickly.--_Mrs. M. G. H._


Two quarts flour, one large tablespoonful lard, and the same of
butter. Salt to the taste. One teaspoonful soda and enough buttermilk
to make a soft dough. Bake quickly.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


One quart flour, one large tablespoonful lard and butter mixed, one
teaspoonful salt, enough morning's milk to make a stiff dough. Work
well and beat with a rolling-pin or iron pestle, at least half an
hour. Make into small biscuit and bake in a quick oven. This will make
sixteen biscuit.--_Mrs. M. A. P._


One quart of flour, one tablespoonful lard and butter mixed, a little
salt. Make a stiff paste with water. Beat the dough till it blisters.
Roll thin, stick, and bake quickly.--_Mrs. A. C._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 tablespoonful of lard and butter mixed.
     1 egg; a little salt.
     1 teaspoonful of soda, sifted into the flour.

Make a stiff paste with buttermilk, beat until light, roll tolerably
thin, cut in squares, prick, and bake quickly.--_Mrs. A. C._


Take a lump of risen dough, as large as your double fist, a heaping
teaspoonful of loaf sugar, beaten with the yolk of an egg. Mix with
the dough a lump of butter the size of a hen's egg and an equal
quantity of lard, a tablespoonful of soda, dissolved in a cup of
cream. Beat a long time, stirring in flour all the while, till quite
stiff. Roll out, cut in square cakes and bake in a brisk oven.--_Miss
E. P._


     1 lb. of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt and the same of soda.
     1 tablespoonful of lard.

Make up with sweet milk, beat well, roll thin, and bake quickly.


     1 quart flour.
     Yolk of one egg.
     1 heaping tablespoonful lard.
     A little salt.

Mix with milk, as stiff as you would for biscuit. Beat well with the
biscuit beater, roll out thin and put in the wafer irons. Put in the
fire and bake.--_Mrs. W. S._


Boil one pint of milk with half a pound of butter. Stir them into
three-quarters of a pound of flour and let them cool. Then add nine
eggs, yolks and whites to be beaten separately, and whites to be added
last. Fill cups or tins half full and bake. When done, sprinkle with
white sugar while hot. Very nice for tea.--_Mrs. A. D._

_Miscellaneous Flour Breads._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 quart of cream.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Twelve eggs (whites and yolks beaten separately and very light). Put
the whites in the batter the last thing, beat very light, bake in a
quick oven, in small tins, which must be perfectly dry and sprinkled
with a little flour before being greased. A delicious bread.--_Mrs.
Dr. J._

_A Plainer Recipe for the Same._

     1 pint of flour.
     1 pint of milk.
     2 eggs.

Beat the eggs well and stir in the flour and milk. Bake in little


     1 quart of flour.
     1 dessertspoonful of lard and the same of butter.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.

Work the lard and butter in the flour, and sprinkle in the soda, with
salt to taste. Mix with buttermilk or clabber to the consistency of
biscuit. Roll it round to the size of a teaplate. Made just before
eating.--_Mrs. F._


     1 pint of flour.
     1 pint of sweet milk.
     2 eggs, beaten separately.
     1 tablespoonful of lard or butter.

Make the consistency of poor man's pudding. Bake in cups.--_Mrs. K._


     1 quart of sifted flour.
     A lump of butter the size of an egg.
     2 teacups of milk.
     4 eggs.
     1½ teaspoonfuls of soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar.

Bake twenty minutes.--_Mrs. L._


     1 pint of flour.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     3 tablespoonfuls of sugar.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     2 eggs.
     1 cup of milk and a little salt.

Bake in a flat pan in a quick oven. To be eaten hot with
butter.--_Mrs. I. H._


One tumbler of flour, one tumbler of milk, and one egg. Beat the yolk
and milk together, then add the flour, and lastly the white of the
egg. Bake a few minutes in a hot oven.--_Mrs. I. H._

_Another Recipe for the Same._

Take two eggs well beaten and stir into a pint of milk; add a little
salt, two spoonfuls of melted butter, one and one-half pints of flour.
Stir thoroughly, so as to avoid lumps. Grease the cups in which you
pour the batter, and fill them two-thirds full.


Make into a thin batter:

     1 pint of flour.
     1 tablespoonful of corn meal.
     Half-teaspoonful salt.

Set in a warm place to rise. After it has risen, pour into it two
quarts of flour, with sufficient warm water to make up a loaf of
bread. Work it well, set it to rise again, and when risen
sufficiently, bake it.--_Mrs. T. L. J._

_Another Recipe for the Same._

Into a pitcher, put one teacup of milk fresh from the cow, two teacups
of boiling water, one tablespoonful of sugar, one teaspoonful of salt.
Into this stir thoroughly a little less than a quart of flour. Set the
pitcher in a kettle of moderately warm water and keep it at a uniform
temperature. Keep a towel fastened over the mouth of the pitcher. Set
the kettle in front of the fire to keep the water warm. Let it stand
three hours, then beat it up well, after which do not interrupt it. If
in two hours it does not begin to rise, put in a large slice of apple.
As soon as it rises sufficiently, have ready two quarts of flour, half
a tablespoonful of lard and more salt, and make up immediately. Should
there not be yeast enough, use warm water. Put into an oven and set
before a slow fire to rise, after which bake slowly. The yeast must be
made up at seven o'clock in the morning.--_Miss N. C. A._


     1 pint milk.
     3 tablespoonfuls flour.
     1 tablespoonful corn meal.
     1 tablespoonful melted butter.
     1 light teaspoonful salt.

Three eggs, beaten separately, the whites added last. To have good
waffles, the batter must be made thin. Add another egg and a teacup
of boiled rice to the above ingredients, if you wish to make rice
waffles.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 quart of sour cream (or buttermilk, if you have no cream).
     6 eggs.
     1½ teaspoonful of soda.
     Half a tablespoonful of melted lard, poured in after the batter
       is mixed.

This may be baked as flannel cakes or muffins.--_Mrs. H. D._

_Another Recipe for Waffles._

     1 quart of flour.
     6 eggs beaten very light,
     1½ pint of new milk.
     2 teaspoonfuls of salt.
     3 tablespoonfuls of yeast.

Set it to rise at night, and stir with a spoon, in the morning, just
before baking. When you want them for tea, make them up in the
morning, in winter, or directly after dinner, in summer.--_Mrs. Dr.


     1 pint of flour.
     1 pint of milk.
     1 teaspoonful of soda, dissolved in the milk.
     2 teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar, mixed in the flour.
     2 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.

Beat up and bake quickly.

_Another Recipe for Waffles._

1 quart of flour, with a kitchen-spoonful of corn meal added.

     3 eggs beaten separately.
     1 quart of milk.
     1 teacup of water.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     Lump of butter large as a walnut, melted and poured in.

Bake in hot irons.

One secret of having good waffles is to have the batter thin.--_Miss
R. S._


     1 quart flour.
     3 eggs.
     1 cup boiled rice, beaten into the flour.
     1 light teaspoonful soda.

Make into a batter with buttermilk. Bake quickly in waffle irons.
Batter made as above and baked on a griddle makes excellent breakfast
cakes.--_Mrs. D. B. K._


     1 pint of flour.
     1 pint of new milk.
     The yolks of three eggs.
     Lump of butter the size of an egg.
     Half teacup of boiled rice.
     A pinch of salt and a pinch of soda, sprinkled in the flour and
       sifted with it.

Beat well.--_Mrs. F._

_Another Recipe for the Same._

Two gills of rice, mixed with three ounces of butter, three eggs,
three gills of flour, a little salt, and cream enough to make the
batter. Beat till very light.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


With one pint of milk, make corn mush. When cool, add a tablespoonful
of butter, a little salt, and thicken with flour to a stiff batter.
Bake quickly in irons.--_Mrs. C. L. T._


In the morning take the dough of a pint of flour. Beat two eggs light
and mix them with a half pint of milk, then add these ingredients to
the dough, let it stand an hour to rise, and then bake as buckwheat
cakes.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


Two pounds of flour, two eggs, two ounces of lard, three
tablespoonfuls of yeast. Make up with new milk, the consistency of
roll dough, at night. Flour the biscuit board and roll out the dough
in the morning about three quarters of an inch thick, cutting the
cakes with a dredging-box top. Let them rise, covered with a cloth,
till fifteen minutes before breakfast.--_Mrs. L._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 teacup of butter.
     4 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of yeast.

Make into a stiff batter with milk, the over-night. Next morning, add
a teacup of Indian meal. Beat well and put in cups to rise before
baking.--_Mrs. A. C._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 quart of milk.
     1 tablespoonful of yeast.
     1 tablespoonful of melted butter.
     3 eggs.

Bake in muffin rings.--_Mrs. A. C._


     1 quart of flour.
     1 pint of meal.
     1 teacup of milk.
     1 teacup of yeast.
     3 eggs.
     2 teaspoonfuls of salt.

Beat well together and let it rise till usual time in a warm place.
Excellent.--_Mrs. W. B._

_Another Recipe for Flannel Cakes._

     1 quart of flour.
     2 eggs.
     1½ pint boiled milk (used cold).
     2 teaspoonfuls of salt.
     3 tablespoonfuls of yeast (added after the other ingredients have
       been mixed).

Beat light, and set to rise till morning.

Bake on a griddle.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

_Another Recipe for the Same._

     4 eggs.
     1 quart of milk.
     Half teacup of butter or lard.
     2 tablespoonfuls of yeast.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Flour to make the batter like pound cake.--_Mrs. S._


     1 quart buckwheat flour.
     1 pint sifted corn meal.
     Half teacup of yeast.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     Enough water to make a stiff batter.

After rising, stir in a half teacup of butter or lard. Let it rise a
second time, grease the griddle, dip the spoon in lightly, and cook
quickly.--_Mrs. P. W._

_Another Recipe for Buckwheat Cakes._

     1 pint of buckwheat flour.
     1 tablespoonful of meal.
     1 tablespoonful of yeast.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Make up with water the over-night, and beat till it bubbles. In the
morning beat again, and just before baking stir in a pinch of soda
dissolved in milk or water.--_Mrs. Col. W._


     1 quart buckwheat flour.
     1 pint wheat flour.
     ½ teacup yeast.
     A pinch of salt.

Make into a batter with warm water. Set to rise. Thin the batter with
a cup of milk (to make them brown well). Add a pinch of soda and bake
quickly on a griddle. Butter and send to the table hot.--_Mrs. D. B.

_Another Recipe for the Same._

     1 pint buckwheat.
     ½ pint sifted meal.
     2 teaspoonfuls of salt.
     4 tablespoonfuls of yeast.
     1½ pint lukewarm water.

Beat well and set to rise till morning.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


     1 pint of flour.
     1 pint of cream (or milk).
     2 eggs, well beaten.
     Lump of butter size of an egg.

Put the milk and butter on the fire till it boils. Mix and bake
quickly in pans. Salt to taste.

_Another Recipe for Cream Cakes._

     1 quart of cream (sour is preferable).
     4 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Flour for a thick batter.--_Mrs. G._

_Another Recipe for the Same._

     1 quart of flour.
     3 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of lard.
     1 pint of cream.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Bake in tins.--_Mrs. A. C._


     2 cups of flour.
     2½ cups of water.
     1 cup of butter.
     5 eggs.

Boil the butter and water together, stir in the flour while boiling;
after it is cool, add the eggs, well beaten. Put a large spoonful in
muffin rings, and bake twenty minutes in a hot oven.

The cream for them is made as follows:

Put over the fire one cup of milk and not quite a cup of sugar, one
egg, mixed with three teaspoonfuls of corn starch and one
tablespoonful of butter. Boil a few moments only. When cool, add
vanilla to the taste.

Open the cakes and fill them with this cream.--_M. H. K._


     1 quart of flour.
     2 eggs, well beaten.
     1½ pint of buttermilk.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Beat very light, after mixing the ingredients. Just before baking,
stir in a little soda, mixed in a little of the buttermilk.

Bake on a griddle, free from grease.--_Mrs. L._


     1 pint sour milk.
     1 pint flour.
     Butter size of a small egg.
     1 tablespoonful of sugar.
     1 saltspoonful of salt.
     Half teaspoonful of soda.

Bake in hot and well greased iron clads.


Melt together one pint of milk and one tablespoonful of butter. Then
add four tablespoonfuls of farina and boil till quite thick. Set aside
to cool. When ready to bake, add three well beaten eggs, a few
spoonfuls of flour, and salt to your taste.--_Mrs. S._


Put one pound of rice in soak the over-night. Boil very soft in the
morning, drain the water from it and mix with it, while hot, a quarter
of a pound of butter. After it has cooled, add to it one quart of
milk, a little salt, and six eggs. Sift over it and stir into it
gradually a half pound of flour. Beat the whole well and bake on a
griddle like other batter cakes.--_Mrs. W._

_Another Recipe for Rice Cakes._

One cup of cold boiled rice, rubbed in a quart of milk, one pint of
flour, a teaspoonful of salt, two eggs beaten light. Beat all till
free from lumps. Bake as soon as made, on a well greased griddle.


Two eggs beaten separately. Pour into the yolks a pint of buttermilk,
then put in two handfuls of meal and one of flour, then the whites of
the eggs, half a teaspoonful of soda and a little salt. Fry with very
little grease, or with egg shells. Put two spoonfuls of batter to a
cake.--_Mrs. C. L. T._

_Another Recipe for Batter Cakes._

     1 quart of flour.
     1 pint of meal.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     3 eggs.

Make up with buttermilk.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

_Batter Cakes made of Stale Bread._

Put a loaf of stale bread to stand all day in a pint of milk. Just
before tea add three eggs and one large spoonful of butter. If too
thin, add a little flour.--_Mrs. R._

_Old Virginia Batter Cakes._

Beat two eggs very light in a bowl. Add one teacup of clabber, one of
water, one of corn meal, a teacup of flour, one-half teaspoonful of
salt. Just before baking, sift in half a teaspoonful of soda and stir
well. It is better to grease the griddle with fat bacon than with

The above proportions will make enough batter cakes for two or three
persons.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Another Recipe for the Same._

     1 quart sweet milk.
     1 heaping pint corn meal.
     4 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     Half teaspoonful of soda.
     1 tablespoonful of warmed butter or fresh lard.

Break the eggs, whites and yolks together, beat slightly, then add the
milk, stir in the meal and beat until it looks light. Bake on a
griddle.--_Mrs. J. P._

_Cheap Recipe for Batter Cakes._

     1 pint of sour milk.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     1 tablespoonful of flour.
     Enough meal to make a good batter.

Bake on a hoe.--_Miss E. P._


     1 quart of sour milk.
     1 large tablespoonful of butter, melted after measuring.
     2 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     Half a teaspoonful of salt.

Make a thin batter, with two-thirds Indian meal, and one-third flour.

A small bag made of coarse but thin linen or cotton, and filled with
common salt, is much better to rub over the griddle than lard, when
cakes are to be fried or baked.


Break two eggs into a bowl. Beat to a stiff froth. Pour in one teacup
of clabber or butter-milk, one of water, one of corn meal, one of
flour, half teaspoonful of salt, a heaping teaspoonful of butter
melted. Beat all well together. Have already heated on the stove or
range, iron-clad muffin moulds (eight or ten in a group). Grease them
well with a clean rag, dipped in lard. Fill each one nearly full with
the batter, first sifting in half a teaspoonful soda. Set in a hot
oven and bake a nice brown. Oblong shapes are the nicest. If
preferred, sweet milk may be used instead of sour milk and water. In
this case add another egg and dispense with the soda.--_Mrs. S. T._


Four cups of meal, two cups sweet milk, four eggs, two tablespoonfuls
flour, one tablespoonful lard, one teaspoonful salt, half teaspoonful
soda.--_Mrs. F._


One cup meal, one cup sweet milk, one cup butter-milk, two eggs, one
tablespoonful butter, one tablespoonful flour, half teaspoonful of
salt, and same of soda. Bake in cups.--_Mrs. G._


     3 eggs, beaten light.
     1 pint of buttermilk (if very sour, use less).
     1 teacup of cream or milk.
     1 small teaspoonful of soda.
     Lard or butter size of an egg.

Meal enough to make the batter of the consistency of pound-cake
batter.--_Mrs. I._


One pint of corn meal scalded. While hot add to it, two tablespoonfuls
of lard or butter, three well beaten eggs, a cup of boiled rice, a
pint of flour, a teaspoonful of salt. Thin to the proper consistency
with milk.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1 quart of meal.
     1 quart of milk.
     4 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of melted butter.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.--_Mrs. C. C._


     2 eggs, beaten separately.
     1 pint of milk.
     Small piece of butter.

Add enough meal and hominy to make a batter, and bake quickly.--_Mrs.
C. L. T._


Mix with two teacups of hot hominy a very large spoonful of butter.
Beat two eggs very light and stir into the hominy. Next add a pint of
milk, gradually stirring it in. Lastly, add half a pint of corn meal.
The batter should be of the consistency of rich boiled custard. If
thicker, add a little more milk. Bake with a good deal of heat at the
bottom, but not so much at the top. Bake in a deep pan, allowing space
for rising. When done, it looks like a baked batter pudding.--_Mrs. F.


     1 pint of corn meal.
     1 pint of sweet milk.
     2 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     2 tablespoonfuls of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Boil the milk and pour it over the meal, flour, and butter. Beat
light. When cool, add eggs well beaten. Bake in a buttered pan.--_Mrs.
G. W. P._


Make a thin mush of corn meal and milk (or hot water, if milk is
scarce). Cook till perfectly done, stirring all the time to keep it
smooth. Then add a good lump of butter; and, after it cools a little,
two eggs, one at a time. Beat in a very small pinch of soda and a
little salt.

Butter a yellow dish and bake slowly till brown.--_Mrs. C. L. T._


Pour one quart of boiled milk over one pint of corn meal. Add a
teaspoonful of salt, a teaspoonful of cream of tartar, half
teaspoonful of soda, three well beaten eggs, four tablespoonfuls of
flour, a little butter.--_Miss E. P._


     1 quart of milk.
     Half pint of meal.
     3 eggs.
     Large spoonful of butter.

Make in a pudding dish. Rice is an improvement to the above.--_Mrs.


     1 pint of meal.
     3 eggs well beaten.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 tablespoonful melted butter.

Add enough sweet milk to make a rather thin batter. Bake
quickly.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Another Recipe for Egg Bread._

     1 quart of milk.
     3 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     1 pint of corn meal.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.

Beat the eggs very light and add to the other ingredients. Bake in a
pan or dish. Add a little soda dissolved in milk, if you desire
it.--_Mrs. I. H._


Beat two eggs very light, mix alternately with them one pint of sour
milk or buttermilk, and one pint of fine corn meal. Melt one
tablespoonful of butter, and add to the mixture. Dissolve one
teaspoonful of soda in a small portion of the milk, and add to the
other ingredients, last of all. Beat hard and bake in a pan, in a hot


     1 pint sweet milk.
     1 teacup boiled rice.
     2 teacups sifted corn meal,
     ½ teacup melted butter.
     3 eggs, beaten separately,
     ½ teaspoonful salt.

Bake in a very hot oven, using buttered iron muffin moulds.--_Mrs. S.


Take one quart sifted corn meal and a teacup of cracklins. Rub the
latter in the meal as fine as you can. Add a teaspoonful of salt and
make up with warm water into a stiff dough. Make into pones, and eat
hot.--_Mrs. P. W._


Add a teaspoonful of salt to a quart of sifted corn meal. Make up with
water and knead well. Make into round, flat cakes. Sweep a clean place
on the hottest part of the hearth. Put the cake on it and cover it
with hot wood ashes.

Wash and wipe it dry, before eating it. Sometimes a cabbage leaf is
placed under it, and one over it, before baking, in which case it need
not be washed.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 pint sifted meal.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     Cold water sufficient to make a stiff dough.

Work well with the hands, pat out in long, narrow pones, six or seven
inches long and as wide as the wrist. Bake quickly in a hot
pan.--_Mrs. P. W._



Wash and pick the coffee, put it in a very large stove-pan in a hot
oven. Stir often, giving constant attention. It must be toasted the
darkest brown, yet not one grain must be burned. It should never be
glazed, as this destroys the aroma.

Two pints of coffee become three pints after toasting.--_Mrs. S. T._


To one quart of boiling water (poured in after scalding the pot) stir
in three gills of coffee, not ground too fine. Boil twenty minutes,
scraping from the sides and stirring occasionally. Five minutes before
breakfast, scrape from the spout, pour out half a teacupful, and
return to the pot. Do this a second time. Set it with the side of the
pot to the fire, so that it will be just at the boiling point. Do not
let it boil, however. Serve in the same coffee-pot.

Coffee should never be glazed.

Have a liberal supply of thick, sweet cream, also of boiled milk, to
serve with the coffee.

If the members of the family drop in at intervals, it is well to keep
the coffee over a round iron weight, heated just enough to keep the
coffee hot, without boiling it. This answers better than a spirit lamp
for keeping coffee hot.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take equal quantities of Mocha, Java, Laguayra and Rio coffee. Have
the coffee roasted a chestnut brown. To every twelve cups of coffee to
be drawn, use eighteen heaping tablespoons of the ground coffee. Have
the water boiling hot, scald the biggin or percolator, put the ground
coffee in the upper part, then pour on some boiling water for it to
draw--about two teacups if you are to make twelve cups of coffee. Let
it stand a few moments and pour again into the upper part of the
percolator the first drawn coffee. Then add, one by one, the cups of
boiling water required. It will take ten minutes for the coffee to be
ready for the table.

Use the best white sugar, and in winter let the milk stand twenty-four
hours for the cream to rise. Use together with rich cream, a cream jug
of boiling sweet milk.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Buy Java and Laguayra mixed, two-thirds Java and one-third Laguayra,
which will give a delightful aroma to the Java.

Scald the pot. Then put in a teacup of coarsely ground coffee,
parched a light brown and mixed with cold water till it forms a paste,
to six cups of boiling water. Before you put in the boiling water, add
to the grounds one or more egg-shells or whites of eggs, to keep it
clear. Let it boil ten or fifteen minutes. Before taking it off the
fire, drop in about a teaspoonful of cold water, which will settle all
the floating grounds.--_Mrs. J. P._


If one quart of coffee is desired, grind three gills of coffee, put it
in the filterer and pour boiling water over it. If not sufficiently
strong, pour out and return to the filterer. Then set on the fire and
boil up, taking from the fire immediately.--_Mrs. S. T._


One-half pint Java coffee ground and put in the dripper. Pour over it
two and one-half pints boiling water. If not strong enough, pass
through the dripper a second time.--_Mrs. J. R. McD._


     1 cup German chiccory.
     2 cups ground coffee.

Put in three pints boiling water with a pinch of isinglass, boil five
minutes and allow it to settle, or, if made in a percolator it will be
better. Use three-quarters of a cup boiling milk and one-quarter of
strong coffee, with sugar to suit the taste.--_Mrs. J. W. S._


Scald the teapot, and add one-half pint boiling water to two
teaspoonfuls of the best green tea. Set it where it will keep hot, but
not boil. When it has drawn fifteen or twenty minutes, add boiling
water till it has the strength desired.--_Mrs. J. R. McD._

_Green Tea._

Scald the teapot. If you wish a pint of tea, put in one heaping
teaspoonful tea after putting in a pint boiling water. Set this where
it will keep hot, but not quite boil.--_Mrs. S. T._

_A good Cup of Green Tea._

Before putting in any water, set the teapot with the tea in it before
the fire and let it get thoroughly hot. Then fill the pot with boiling
water and let it stand five minutes.--_Mrs. M. E. L. W._


If you wish a quart of tea, put that quantity of boiling water into
the teapot, after scalding it. Add four teaspoonfuls of tea. Boil
twenty minutes. It is a great improvement to put in a little green
tea.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Black Tea._

Add one and one-half pint boiling water to a half-teacupful of the
best black tea. Boil gently for ten or fifteen minutes. If too strong,
weaken with boiling water.--_Mrs. J. R. McD._


After scalding the teapot, put into it one quart of boiling water and
two teaspoonfuls green tea. If wanted for supper, do this at
breakfast. At dinner time, strain, without stirring, through a
tea-strainer into a pitcher. Let it stand till tea time and then pour
into decanters, leaving the sediment in the bottom of the pitcher.
Fill the goblets with ice, put two teaspoonfuls granulated sugar in
each, and pour the tea over the ice and sugar. A squeeze of lemon will
make this delicious and healthful, as it will correct the astringent
tendency.--_Mrs. S. T._


Scrape fine one square of Baker's chocolate (which will be an ounce).
Put it in a pint of boiling water and milk, mixed in equal parts. Boil
it ten minutes, and during this time mill it or whip it with a Dover
egg-whip (one with a wheel), which will make it foam beautifully.
Sweeten to the taste, at table.--_Mrs. S. T._


To one pint milk and one pint cold water add three tablespoonfuls
grated cocoa. Boil fifteen or twenty minutes, milling or whipping as
directed in foregoing recipe. Sweeten to taste, at the table. Some
persons like a piece of orange-peel boiled with it.--_Mrs. S. T._


Dissolve one large tablespoonful broma in one tablespoonful warm
water. Pour on it one pint boiling milk and water (equal parts). Boil
ten minutes, milling or whipping as above directed. Sweeten to the
taste.--_Mrs. S. T._

A cream-pitcher of whipped cream should always accompany chocolate or
any preparation of it, such as cocoa or broma.--_Mrs. S. T._


The most exquisite nicety and care must be observed in the management
of milk and butter. A housekeeper should have two sets of milk vessels
(tin or earthenware, never stoneware, as this is an absorbent). She
should never use twice in succession the same milk vessels without
having them scalded and aired.

In warm weather, sweet milk should be set on ice, if practicable, or
if not, in a spring-house. Never put ice in sweet milk, as this
dilutes it. One pan of milk should always be set aside to raise cream
for coffee. A bucket with a close-fitting lid should be filled with
milk and set aside for dinner, one for supper, one for breakfast, and
a fourth for cooking purposes.

For making butter, strain unskimmed milk into a scalded churn, where
the churning is done daily. This will give sweeter butter and nicer
buttermilk than when cream is skimmed and kept for churning, as this
sometimes gives a cheesy taste to the butter. Do not let the milk in
the churn exceed blood heat. If overheated, the butter will be white
and frothy, and the milk thin and sour. Churn as soon as the milk is
turned. In summer try to churn early in the morning, as fewer flies
are swarming then, and the butter can be made much firmer.

A stone churn is in some respects more convenient than a wooden churn;
but no matter which you use, the most fastidious neatness must be
observed. Have the churn scalded and set out to sun as soon as
possible after churning. Use your last made butter for buttering
bread, reserving the staler for cookery.

Butter should be printed early in the morning, while it is cool. A
plateful for each of the three meals should be placed in the
refrigerator ready for use. Do not set butter in a refrigerator with
anything else in it but milk, or in a safe with anything but milk. It
readily imbibes the flavor of everything near it. After churning,
butter should be taken up in what is called "a piggin," first scalded
and then filled with cold water. With an old-fashioned butter-stick
(scalded) wash and press the butter till no water is left. Then add a
little salt, finely beaten. Beat again in a few hours, and make up in
half-pound prints. I would advise all housekeepers (even those who do
not make their own butter) to keep a piggin, a butter-stick, and a
pretty butter-print.

_To secure nice Butter for the Table in Winter._

In October and November, engage butter to be brought weekly, fresh
from the churn in rolls. Wrap each roll in a piece of old table cloth,
and put in a sweet firkin or stone jar which has been washed with soda
water, scalded and sunned for a month before using. Pour over it a
clear strong brine, which also must have been prepared at least a week
beforehand, by pouring off the settlings and repeated strainings. Have
a nice flat rock washed and weight the butter down with it, being
careful to keep it always under the brine.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Recipe for Putting up Butter._

     2 quarts best common salt.
     1 ounce pulverized saltpetre.
     1 ounce white sugar.

Work the butter over three times, the last time adding an ounce of the
above mixture to every pound butter. Of course, the butter is salted,
when first made. Make the butter into rolls and wrap in cloths or pack
in jars, within four inches of the top of each jar. If the latter is
done, fill the jars with brine and tie up closely. If the former is
preferred, drop the rolls into brine, prepared as follows:

To every gallon brine that will bear an egg, add one pound white sugar
and one-half ounce saltpetre. Boil well and skim. Keep the brine
closely covered. I have used butter on my table in May, put up in this
way, and it tasted as well as when put up in October.--_Mrs. R. C._


To have clabber in perfection, place in small glass dishes or bowls
enough milk to make clabber for each person. After it has turned, set
it in the refrigerator, if in summer, till called for. By the way,
refrigerators (as well as water-coolers) should be washed every
morning with water in which a tablespoonful of common soda has been
dissolved. They should then be aired before filling with ice for the
day.--_Mrs. S. T._


When the tea-kettle boils, pour the water into a pan of "loppered"
milk. It will curd at once. Stir it and turn it into a colander, pour
a little cold water over it, salt it and break it up. A better way is
to put equal parts of buttermilk and thick milk in a kettle, over the
fire, heat it almost boiling hot, pour into a linen bag and let it
drain till next day. Then take it out, salt it, put in a little cream
or butter, as it may be thick or not, and make it up into balls the
size of an orange.


As making soup is a tedious process, it is best to make enough at once
to last several days. Beef shank is most generally used in making
nutritious soup. It is best to get this the day before using it, and
soak it all night in cold, clear water. If you cannot do this,
however, get it as early in the morning as you can. Break the bones,
wash it, soak it a few minutes in weak salt and water, and put it in a
large boiler of cold water. As soon as it begins to simmer, remove the
dark scum that rises on top. Keep the boiler closely covered, and boil
very slowly till an hour or two before dinner. Then, with a ladle,
remove all the fat from the top, as it is this element that makes soup
unwholesome. Strain and season, or, if you prefer, season just enough
for one meal, reserving the rest as foundation for another sort of
soup. It is well always to keep some of this stock on hand in cold
weather, as by the addition of a can of tomatoes, or other
ingredients, a delicious soup may be quickly made of it. Never throw
away water in which any sort of meat has been boiled, as it is much
better to simmer hash or a stew in this liquor than in water, and it
is also invaluable for basting fowls or meats that have not been

Directions for soup making are so fully given in the following pages
that it is needless for me to say anything further on the subject


     100 oysters.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 tablespoonful black pepper.
     ¼ pound butter.
     Yolks of 3 eggs.
     1 pint rich milk, perfectly fresh.
     3 tablespoonfuls flour.

Separate the oysters from the liquor: put the liquor to boil, when
boiled add salt, pepper and butter, then the flour, having previously
made it into a batter. Stir all the time. When it comes to a boil, add
the eggs well beaten, then the milk, and when the mixture reaches a
boil, put in the oysters; let them also just boil, and the soup is
done. Stir all the time to prevent curdling.--_Mrs. Judge M._


     1 quart oysters.
     2 quarts water.
     Boil with salt and pepper.

Cut up one tablespoonful butter with flour and put in while boiling;
beat the yolks of four eggs light, mix them with one-half pint milk.

When the oysters are well cooked, pour on the milk and eggs, stirring
all the time. Let it boil up, and take off quickly, and pour into the
tureen, over toasted bread cut into dice--if preferred rich, leave out
some of the water.--_Mrs. Lt.-Gov. M._


Empty the oysters into a colander and drain off all the liquor; then
strain the liquor through a very coarse cloth to rid it of all scum,
etc. To a whole can of oysters take a quart of milk.

Put the milk, oyster liquor, one level tablespoonful flour rubbed very
smooth with one heaping tablespoonful of butter, one tablespoonful
salt, one-half teaspoonful pepper, all on the fire together in a
farina-boiler (or put a skillet one-third filled with boiling water
under the saucepan, to prevent the milk burning). When it comes to a
boil, put in the oysters and let them stew for twenty minutes or till
the gill of the oyster turns and begins to ruffle and crimp at the
edge. Serve immediately, for if they are cooked too long, they become
hard, dark and tasteless. If you put the salt in last, it will not
curdle the soup. Some add one level teaspoonful whole cloves and same
of mace, tied up in a net bag, but they are little improvement.--_Mrs.


For fifty oysters.

Put the oysters on in their own liquor--let them come to a boil--take
them out and mince them; skim the liquor when nearly done. Beat well

     1 egg.
     1 dessertspoonful butter.
     ½ pint milk.
     1 cracker sifted.
     Salt, pepper (mace, also, if liked).

Pour this into boiling liquor and then add the minced oysters. When
done, the soup is smooth. The milk must be fresh or it will
curdle.--_Mrs. John Walker, Alabama._


     Take two quarts of oysters, wash them, and add,
     2 quarts water.
     A bundle of herbs.
     1 small onion sliced.

Let it boil until all the substance is out of the oysters. Strain the
liquor from the ingredients and put it back in the pot. Add a large
spoonful butter mixed with flour. Have ready two dozen oysters to
throw in just as it is ready to be dished--at the same time stir up
two yolks of eggs with a cup of cream. Cayenne pepper is an
improvement.--_Mrs. E. W._


Kill the turtle at daylight in summer, the night before in winter, and
hang it up to bleed. After breakfast, scald it well and scrape the
outer skin off the shell; open it carefully, so as not to break the
gall. Break both shells to pieces and put them into the pot. Lay the
fins, the eggs and some of the more delicate parts by--put the rest
into the pot with a quantity of water to suit the size of your family.

Add two onions, parsley, thyme, salt, pepper, cloves and allspice to
suit your taste.

About half an hour before dinner thicken the soup with brown flour and
butter rubbed together. An hour before dinner, take the parts laid by,
roll them in brown flour, fry them in butter, put them and the eggs in
the soup; just before dinner add a glass of claret or Madeira
wine.--_Mrs. N._

_Turtle Soup._

To one turtle that will weigh from four to five pounds, after being
dressed, add one-half gallon water, and boil until the turtle will
drop to pieces, then add:

     2 tablespoonfuls allspice.
     1 tablespoonful black pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls butter, and salt to the taste.

When nearly done, put in a small handful pot marjoram, thyme and
parsley tied together, and two large onions; when ready to come off,
add two sliced lemons, one pint good wine, and a small quantity of
curry powder; thicken with flour.--_Mrs. D._

_Turtle Soup._

     To 2½ quarts soup add:
     1 ounce mace.
     1 dessertspoonful allspice.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     Pepper, black and cayenne, and salt to your taste.

Tie up a bunch of parsley, thyme, and onion in a cloth, and throw into
soup when boiling. When nearly done, thicken with two tablespoonfuls
flour. To give it a good color, take one tablespoonful brown sugar and
burn it; when burnt, add a wineglass of water. Of this coloring, put
two tablespoonfuls in soup, and just before serving, add half a pint
Madeira wine.--_Miss E. W._


Put on beef and boil very tender; take out, chop fine, and put back to
boil. Put potatoes, mace, cloves, cinnamon, parsley, thyme, spice,
celery seed, and ten hard-boiled eggs; pepper and salt to your taste.

Thicken with flour and add brandy and wine.--_Miss E. P._


Cut up two pounds roast or boiled beef in small pieces. Put one large
teacup new milk, one large teacup of wine, a piece of butter size of
an egg (rolled in flour), a little nutmeg, two or three spoonfuls
mixed mustard--all in a stewpan, and cook ten or fifteen minutes. Good
way to use up cold meats.--_Mrs. S. M._


Boil half a peck of clams fifteen minutes; then take them from the
shells, clean and wash them. Have ready the stew-kettle; strain the
water, in which clams have been boiled; chop up clams, and put in with
three or four slices of salt pork, some mashed potatoes, salt and
pepper to taste. Thicken with grated cracker, and add two spoonfuls
butter rolled in flour. Let it boil twenty minutes and serve.--_Mrs.

_Clam Soup._

Open the clams and chop them up fine. To twenty clams, add:

     ½ gallon water.
     3 good onions.
     2 tablespoonfuls butter.
     A small bunch of parsley and thyme.

Just before taking off, add one quart rich milk and thicken with
flour.--_Mrs. D._


Open, and cleanse of the deadman's fingers and sandbag, twelve small
fat crabs raw. Cut the crabs into two parts. Parboil and extract the
meat from the claws, and simply extract the fat from the back shells
of the crabs. Scald eighteen ripe tomatoes, skin them and squeeze the
pulp from the seeds through a colander. Chop them fine and pour
boiling water over the seeds and juice, and strain them. Stew a short
time in the soup-pot one large onion, one clove of garlic, in one
spoonful butter and two spoonfuls lard, and put them in the tomatoes.

After stewing a few minutes, add the meat from the claws, then the
crabs, and lastly the fat from the back shells. Season with salt,
cayenne and black pepper, parsley, sweet marjoram and thyme, one-half
teaspoonful lemon juice, and peel of one lemon. Pour in the water with
which the seeds were scalded, adding more should there not be the
quantity of soup required. Boil moderately one hour. About a quarter
of an hour before serving, sift in grated bread crumbs or pounded
crackers as a thickening. Any firm fish prepared by this recipe is
excellent.--_Mrs. J. I._

_Crab Soup._

One dozen crabs to one gallon water. Take off top shell; clear body of
crabs. Cut through the middle, put them into a kettle, mix with some
butter, and brown them. Then add one gallon water, and simmer for half
an hour. Skim slightly, and add the hock of an old ham, and strained
tomato juice one pint. Boil two hours. Season with pepper, spice if
liked, and half-pint wine.

The claws are to be cracked and divested of the jaws. A Hampton
recipe.--_Miss E. W._


Crack the bone of a shin of beef, and put it on to boil in one quart
water. To every pound meat add one large teaspoonful salt to each
quart water. Let it boil two hours and skim it well. Then add:

     4 turnips, pared and cut into quarters.
     4 onions, pared and sliced.
     2 carrots, scraped and sliced.
     1 root of celery, cut into small pieces.

When the vegetables are tender, add a little parsley chopped fine,
with salt and pepper to the taste. Serve hot.--_Mrs. P. McG._

_Another Recipe for Beef Soup._

One shin beef in one-half gallon water, put on before breakfast and
boiled until dinner. Thicken with brown flour two or three hours
before dinner. Put in one carrot, two turnips, one onion, thyme,
cabbage, and celery-seed.--_Mrs. H. P. C._

_To prepare a Beef's Head as Stock for Soup._

Cut up the head into small pieces, and boil in a large quantity of
water until it is all boiled to pieces. Take out all the bones as for
souse cheese, and boil again until thick. Then while hot, season very
highly with pepper, salt, catsup, allspice, and onions chopped fine.

Put into a mould to get cold. For a small family cut a thick slice,
say five inches square, whenever you want soup in a hurry, adding
about a quart of water. It need cook for a few minutes only, and is
valuable as keeping well and being ready in times of emergency. By
adding a few slices of hard-boiled egg and a gill of good cooking
wine, this soup may have very nearly the flavor of mock turtle.--_Mrs.
A. M. D._


Take one-half liver and the head of a mutton, veal or beef, and boil
until the meat drops from the bone. Cut up fine and add one-half the
brains; then:

     1 onion.
     1 spoonful spice.
     ½ spoonful cloves.
     1 spoonful black pepper and a piece of mace.
     3 tablespoonfuls flour.
     3 tablespoonfuls flour, and salt to the taste.

Put in enough water at first, as adding it makes the soup thin.

Cut up three hard boiled eggs, and add, when done, one glass of wine.

A little brandy and walnut catsup, with more eggs, will improve it,
though it is a delightful soup as it is.--_Mrs. W. A. C._

_Calf's Head Soup._

Clean the head, laying aside the brains. Put the head in a gallon of
water, with pepper and salt. Boil to pieces and take out bones; return
to the pot with--

     1 teacup of mushroom or tomato catsup.
     1 teaspoonful allspice.
     1 lemon rind, grated.
     1 grated nutmeg.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 teacup of browned flour.

Fry, and add the brains when nearly ready for the table. About five
minutes before serving, add:

     1 teacup of wine.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     1 teaspoonful mace.

When sent to the table have two hard-boiled eggs sliced and floating
on top.--_Mrs. J. D._

_Calf's Head Soup._

Take a large calf's head and boil it with four gallons water and a
little salt; when tender, bone and chop it fine, keeping out the
brains, and put the meat back in the pot and boil down to a tureenful.
Half an hour before serving the soup, add:

     1 tablespoonful mustard.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 teaspoonful powdered cloves.
     1 teaspoonful mace.
     1 teaspoonful nutmeg.

Brown a cup of flour to thicken and just as the soup is dished, add
one cup walnut catsup, and one cup port or claret wine.

The brains must be beaten up with an egg, fried in little cakes, and
dropped in the tureen.--_Miss N._


Take the head, split it open and take out the brains; then put the
head, brains, and haslet in salt water--let them soak one hour. Put on
to boil at eight o'clock; after boiling four hours, take it up and
chop up the head and haslet, removing all the bones; return to the
soup, with a small pod of pepper. Thicken it with one pint browned
flour with one tablespoonful butter rubbed in it. Have--

     1 tablespoonful mace.
     1 tablespoonful allspice.
     ½ doz. cloves.

Beat all together and put in the tureen with,

     1 teacup of tomato catsup.
     1 teacup of cooking wine.

Pour the soup on them. Have the brains fried, and two hard boiled eggs
sliced and dropped in the soup.--_Mrs. T. C._

_Brown Calf's Head Soup._

Scald and clean the head, and put it to boil in two gallons water,

     A shank of veal.
     2 carrots.
     3 onions.
     A small piece of bacon.
     A bunch of sweet herbs.

When they have boiled half an hour, take out the head and shank, and
cut all the meat off the bone in pieces two inches square. Let the
soup boil half an hour longer, then strain it and put in the meat, and
season with salt, black and cayenne pepper (and a few cloves, if you
like them). Thicken with butter and brown flour.

Let it now boil nearly an hour longer, and just before serving it,
stir in one tablespoonful sugar browned in a frying-pan, and half a
pint wine. A good substitute for turtle soup.--_Mrs. Col. A. F._

_Calf's Head Soup._

Have a head nicely cleaned, the brains taken out and the head put to
soak. Put it on with,

     1 gallon water.
     1 piece of fat ham.
     Thyme, parsley, pepper and salt.

Boil together until the flesh is tender; take out and chop--strain the
water--two tablespoonfuls brown flour, four ounces butter--returning
the "dismembered" fragments; let it boil till reduced to two quarts.
Season with one-half pint wine, one gill catsup, nutmeg, mace,

Cut up the liver, and fry; beat the brains up with an egg, pepper and
salt; fry in cakes and lay in the soup when served up, and hard boiled
eggs sliced up and put in.--_Miss B. L._

_Ox-tail Soup._

Wash and soak three tails; pour on them one gallon cold water; let
them be brought gradually to boil, throw in one and a half ounce salt,
and clear off the scum carefully as soon as it forms on the surface.
When it ceases to rise, add:

     4 moderate sized carrots.
     2 or 3 onions.
     1 large bunch savory herbs.
     1 head celery.
     2 turnips.
     6 or 8 cloves, and ½ teaspoonful peppercorns.

Stew these gently from three hours to three and a half hours. If the
tails be very large, lift them out, strain the liquor and strain off
all the fat. Cut the meat from the tails and put it in two quarts or
more of the stock. Stir in, when this begins to boil, a thickening of
arrow-root or of rice flour, mixed with as much cayenne and salt as
may be required to flavor the soup, and serve very hot.--_Mrs. P._


Put on the chickens with about three quarts water and some thin slices
bacon. Let it boil well, then put in:

     A spoonful butter.
     1 pint milk.
     1 egg, well beaten.
     Pepper, salt, and celery or celery-seed or parsley.

Let all boil up. Some dumplings made like biscuits are very nice in
it.--_Mrs. W._

_Roast Veal and Chicken-bone Soup._

Boil the veal and chicken bones with vegetables, and add one handful
maccaroni, broken up fine. Boil the soup half an hour. Color with a
little soy or catsup.--_Mrs. S._

_Chicken Soup._

Put on the fire a pot with two gallons water and a ham bone, if you
have it; if not, some slices of good bacon. Boil this two hours, then
put in the chickens and boil until done: add one-half pint milk and a
little thickening; pepper and salt to the taste. After taking off the
soup, put in a piece of butter size of an egg. Squirrel soup is good
made the same way, but takes much longer for a squirrel to boil
done.--_Mrs. P. W._


     1 pint dried green English peas.
     1 pound giblets.
     1 dozen cloves.
     1 small piece red pepper.
     Nearly 1 gallon water.

Boil peas slowly seven hours. Add giblets, spices, and salt to taste,
two hours before dinner. When peas are dissolved, strain through
sieve; cut giblets into dice and return to soup; boil up and serve.
Will be enough for six or eight persons.--_Mrs. R. R._


     1½ gallons water.
     2 quarts young okra, cut very fine.
     2 quarts tomatoes.
     Onions, prepared as for pea soup.
     Pepper; salt.
     1 large spoonful butter.

Add the tomatoes about twelve o'clock. Put the soup on early in the
morning.--_Mrs. I._


     1 fried chicken.
     1 quart okra, cut up.
     1 onion.
     1 bunch parsley.
     Few celery tops--fry all together. Put in one quart skinned tomatoes.
     1½ gallons water, boil to ½ gallon.
     Teacup of wine after taking from the fire.--_Mrs. R. A._

_Gumbo Soup._

Fry two fowls, old or young, with parsley, pepper, salt, onion, lard
or bacon.

Put it in the pot with water sufficient for the soup. One quart sliced
okra, scrap of ham or fried sausage to boil with it.

Sassafras Gumbo is made in the same way, except after the fowl has
boiled until the flesh has left the bone, just before taking off the
fire, stir in one tablespoonful sassafras flour. Oysters are a great
improvement to sassafras gumbo. Gather the sassafras leaves green, and
dry in the shade, as sage; when thoroughly dry, rub through a sieve
and bottle and cork tightly. It is nice in beef soup instead of
okra.--_Mrs. T._


Put on two pounds of fresh beef, or a good-sized chicken, or ham bone
if you have it, early in the morning. Put your boiler on filled with
water. Keep boiling, and when boiled down, about one hour or more
before dinner, add:

     Grated lemon peel.
     6 ears corn.
     1 dozen good tomatoes.
     1 small head of cabbage.
     A few Irish potatoes.
     Sweet herbs, pepper and salt to the taste.

A few leaves of dried sassafras rubbed up will improve the taste.
Serve hot with toast, a small quantity of sugar and vinegar. Boil till
thick.--_Mrs. Dr. L._


Before breakfast, wash a beef shank in several waters, break the bone,
and put it in a large pot of cold water. Keep it steadily boiling
until one hour before dinner, when the following vegetables,
previously prepared, must be added to the soup after it has been
carefully skimmed of all grease, and strained.

     1 quart peeled and chopped tomatoes.
     1 pint lima or butter beans.
     1 pint grated corn.
     1 pint chopped cabbage.
     1 pint sliced Irish potatoes.
     1 sliced turnip.
     1 carrot.
     A little minced onion.
     1 tablespoonful pepper sauce.
     1 heaping tablespoonful flour rubbed into--
     1 teacup milk.
     1 teacup brown sugar.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.

Boil an hour: thicken with mixed milk and flour, and serve.

A piece of middling, bacon, or any other kind of meat, may be used
instead of the beef shank. The best meat of the shank may be freed
from gristle, chopped fine and made into a nice stew by adding

     1 grated turnip.
     1 mashed potato.
     1 tablespoonful pepper sauce.
     1 tablespoonful made mustard.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 teaspoonful celery seed.
     1 teaspoonful fruit jelly.
     1 teacup milk.
     Minced onion and parsley.

Boil up and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take one quart ripe tomatoes, peeled and chopped up, or a three-pound
can of same, put in an earthenware baking dish with

     1 pint grated corn (or, if in winter, dried corn prepared as if
       for the table), and add--
     1 teacup sugar.
     1 teacup grated cracker.
     1 teacup butter.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     2 teaspoonfuls salt.

Set this in a hot oven with a tin plate over it to prevent browning.
Have ready, in a porcelain kettle or pan, two quarts new milk boiling
hot. When the tomatoes and corn are thoroughly done, stir in one large
Irish potato mashed smooth, a little minced onion and parsley, and
pour into the boiling milk and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Tomato Soup._

A shin of beef, season to your taste with all kinds of vegetables:

Tomatoes, turnips, carrots, potatoes, cabbage cut fine, corn, butter
beans and celery.

When nearly done, take vegetables out and mash them well, and also cut
the beef up fine. It is best to season with salt and pepper when you
first put it on. The beef should be put on very early.--_Mrs. J. L._

_Clear Tomato Soup._

     1 large can tomatoes.
     1 beef shin.
     1 bunch soup herbs.
     1 gallon water.

Boil eight hours, stir and skim several times. Strain through wire
sieve, add one tablespoonful Worcester sauce and same of brown sugar.
Serve with dice of toasted bread; pepper and salt to taste.--_Mrs. R.


Cut the asparagus into small pieces and put on to boil in salt water,
with slices of middling; just before dinner, taking it off, beat four
eggs and stir in one pint milk or cream, a piece of butter. A piece of
veal may be boiled with it, if you wish meat.--_Mrs. H._

_Asparagus Soup._

Parboil the asparagus with as much water as will cover them; then pour
the water and asparagus into milk, then add butter, pepper and salt,
also bread crumbs, and boil until the asparagus is done.--_Mrs. S._


Soak one pint of split peas in water for twelve hours; drain off the
water, put the peas into a saucepan with three pints cold water,
one-half pound bacon, two sprigs of dried mint, a bay leaf, some
parsley, an onion stuck with one or two cloves, some whole pepper, and
salt to taste.

Let the whole boil three hours, then pass the purée through a hair
sieve; make it hot again and serve with dice of bread fried in
butter.--_Mrs. A._


Boil one quart peas in two quarts water, and two thin slices bacon.
When done mash through a colander; then put back in the same water,
throwing away the slices of bacon. Season with pepper, salt, spoonful
butter rolled in flour.

Boil well again. Toast some bread and cut in slices, and put in the
tureen when the soup is served. The hulls of green peas will answer;
boil them well with a few peas, then season as above and boil. Two
hours will be enough to boil green pea soup.--_Mrs. W._

_Green Pea Soup._

Boil half a peck of peas in one and a half gallons water, till
perfectly done. Take out, mash and strain through a colander, then
pour a little of the water well boiled over them, to separate the pulp
from the hull. Return it to the water they were boiled in; chop up one
large or two small onions; fry them in smallest quantity of lard, not
to brown them. Add this with chopped thyme, parsley, pepper and salt.

Just before taking off the fire stir in one tablespoonful butter. If
the soup is too thin, cream a little butter with flour to
thicken.--_Mrs. I._


Mash potatoes, pour on them one teacup cream, one large spoonful

Pour boiling water on them till you have the desired quantity. Boil
until it thickens; season with salt, parsley, and pepper to your
taste.--_Mrs. R. E._

_Potato Soup._

Pour two quarts water on six or seven large peeled potatoes, adding
two or three slices of middling; boil thoroughly done. Take them out,
mash the potatoes well and return all to the same water, together
with pepper, salt, one spoonful butter, and one quart milk, as for
chicken soup.--_Mrs. W._



Put butter, salt and pepper in a stew-pan, and put the oysters to the
butter and stew until perfectly done.--_Mrs. D._

_Stewed Oysters._

Take one-quarter pound nice butter, put it in a pan and melt, then
pepper and salt, add a small piece of cheese. When it is all melted
add one pint of oyster liquor, and boil; when hot, strain and put back
in pan, then add oysters and boil five minutes.--_Mr. K. N._

_Stewed Oysters._

     Pour into a stew-pan ½ gallon oysters.
     2 tablespoonfuls pepper vinegar.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 teaspoonful salt.

Let them simmer until the oysters are plump; take them out with a fork
and drop them into a tureen, on a handful of crackers and three
heaping tablespoonfuls fresh butter.

Pour one pint milk to the liquor, let it boil up and strain it on the
oysters. Rinse out the stew-pan and pour the oysters, liquor, etc.,
back into it, and set it on the fire. When it comes to a boil, serve.

This method deprives the oysters of the bits of shell.--_Mrs S. T._

_To Stew Oysters._

Put into the kettle one pint liquor, one-half pound butter, and

Let it boil, then put in the oysters, after draining them in a
colander. They will be done as soon as they boil up, or when they curl
right well. When ready to take up, add half teacup cracker crumbs and
a little salt in the stew.--_Mrs. P. W._

_To Stew Oysters._

Put into a shallow stew-pan the oysters. As soon as the gills begin to
open pour off all the liquor. Continue to cook them, stirring all the
time until done. The liquor that was poured off must be thickened with
a good lump of butter rubbed up with flour, and seasoned with pepper
and salt, and poured boiling-hot onto the oysters.

The advantage of this way of cooking is that the oysters become large
and plump.--_Mrs. Dr. E. R._

_To Cook Oysters._

     ½ gallon oysters.
     1 quart fresh milk.
     ½ pound butter.
     1 tablespoonful flour.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful pepper.
     1 egg.

Rub the egg and flour together and thin with a little of the milk. Mix
the oysters, pepper and salt, and let them come to a boil; then add
the milk, and when this boils add the egg and flour with the butter.
Let the whole boil three minutes.--_Miss N. S. L._


Do not drain the liquor from the oysters, but fork them out of it as
you use them; in that way as much liquor as you require adheres to
them. Use stale bread, and do not crumb it too fine, or it will be

     ½ teacupful cream.
     2 great spoonfuls butter.
     Salt and pepper.

Oysters part with a great deal of moisture in cooking, and if the
mixture is too wet it is not as good; it should be rather dry when
done. Cover the bottom of a well-buttered dish with a layer of very
dry bread crumbs, dust over a little salt and pepper, and stick little
bits of butter all over the crumbs; then, with a spoon, moisten it
with cream. Next, place a layer of oysters, alternating with bread
crumbs, until the dish is filled, finishing with butter and cream;
invert a plate over it to keep in the flavor. Bake three-quarters of
an hour, or until the juice bubbles to the top. Remove the plate, and
brown on the upper shelf of the oven for two or three minutes
only.--_Mrs. R._

_Scalloped Oysters._

Those who are fond of oysters prepared in this way will find them much
more delicate when cooked entirely by reflected heat. Have your tinner
make you an old-fashioned "tin-kitchen" with _sloping_ sides. Take
small oblong dishes, such as are in general use at hotels, fill them
with alternate layers of oysters and rolled crackers, and lay lumps of
fresh butter liberally on top of each dish. Arrange them in the
"kitchen," set the open dish in front of a bright fire or very warm
grate, and in fifteen or twenty minutes you will find the oysters
delicious.--_Mrs. D. P._

_Scalloped Oysters._

Put on the oysters with just enough liquor to keep from burning, and
parboil slightly. Season the rest of the liquor as for stewed oysters
with butter, pepper, salt, and a little flour, and boil until done.
Put the parboiled oysters in a baking-dish, with a piece of butter
and a grated cracker or stale bread and pepper, and pour as much of
the gravy as the dish will hold. Put a little of the grated cracker on
top, and set it in the oven to brown.--_Mrs. W._

_Oysters Scalloped in the Shell._

Open the shells, setting aside for use the deepest ones. Have ready
some melted butter, not hot, seasoned with minced parsley and pepper.

Roll each oyster in this, letting it drip as little as may be, and lay
in the shell, which should be arranged in a baking-pan.

Add to each a little lemon juice, sift bread crumbs over it, and bake
in a quick oven till done. Serve in the shells.--_Mrs. S._

_Scalloped Oysters._

Put in the scallop shells as many oysters as each will hold. Season
with butter, salt and pepper; a few bread crumbs.

Cook until well done; add a piece of butter just before they are
served.--_Mrs. R. L. O._


Put a layer of raw oysters in a pan, and then a layer of breadcrumbs,
black and red pepper, salt, butter, mustard, and a little vinegar
mixed together.

Put alternate layers of each until full, and then bake.--_Mrs. Duke._

_Devilled Oysters._

Drain one quart oysters; chop thoroughly and season with cayenne
pepper, lemon-juice, salt, and yolks of two hard-boiled eggs, and
yolks of two raw eggs beaten and stirred in; one-half as much bread
crumbs as you have oysters, and one large tablespoonful butter.

Have ready one dozen deep shells, nicely cleaned, and fill them with
the oysters; sprinkle with bread crumbs, and bake in a few
minutes.--_Mrs. H. S._

_To Cook Oysters._

Put into a baking-bowl a layer of cracker-crumbs, pepper, and butter.
If the butter is salty do not use any salt. Then a layer of oysters,
after they have been drained from their liquor; do this alternately
till the dish is full. Be sure and put the cracker crumbs at the top
of the dish, and bits of butter, also pepper: this makes it brown
nicely. Set it in a hot oven; as soon as browned it will be ready for
the table.--_Mrs. P. W._


Take each oyster separately and put salt and pepper on them; then roll
them in equal portions of meal and flour. Fry them in hot lard until a
light brown.--_Mrs. D._


Beat two eggs very light; then stir in two tablespoonfuls cream or
milk, three tablespoonfuls sifted flour, a pinch of salt; dip the
oysters in this and fry them in hot lard.--_Mrs. B._

_Oyster Fritters._

Wipe the oysters dry. Beat 6 eggs light, and stir into them:

     6 tablespoonfuls flour.
     1½ pint rich milk.

Beat to smooth batter. Have in a pan some butter and lard; when it
begins to froth, put a small ladleful of the batter, with an oyster in
the middle, into it to fry. If too thin, add flour; if too thick,
milk.--_Mrs. R._


Drain the oysters through a sieve; sprinkle a little salt and pepper
over them. Dip each oyster into meal. Have the pan hot, and drop in an
equal portion of lard and butter; when boiling, put in the oysters and
fry. Do not let them stand, but serve hot.--_Mrs. E._


Drain the oysters through a sieve. Beat up two or three eggs. Have
ready some grated bread crumbs. Sprinkle some salt and a little pepper
over the oysters; then dip each oyster into the egg and bread crumbs.
Have the pan hot and clean; put equal portions of butter and lard into
the pan. Be careful to keep the fat of oysters from burning.--_Mrs.

_To Fry Oysters._

Wash them and dry them on a clean napkin; dip in beaten egg and
pounded crackers sifted, and let them lie several hours before frying,
and they will not shrink.--_Mrs. P._

_To Fry Oysters._

Drain the oysters dry. Three eggs beaten, and grated crackers. Dip the
oyster first in the egg and then in the crackers; do this twice.
Grease the pan with butter or lard. Add pepper and salt to taste, and
fry.--_Mrs. P. W._

_Clam or Oyster Fritters._

Chop up the clam very fine (when of oysters, leave them whole); put
them in a batter and fry them.--_Mrs. D._


Select the largest oysters, examining each one, to see that no
particle of shell adheres to it. Dry with a nice linen cloth; then
pepper and salt them, and sift over a little finely-powdered cracker.
Place them on an oyster gridiron over a quick fire. As soon as plump,
dip each one in a cup of melted fresh butter; lay on a hot dish
garnished with scraped horseradish and parsley, and serve.--_Mrs. S.


Wash shell oysters perfectly clean; lay them on a steamer, so the
juice will not escape from the shells when opened. It is best to lay
the upper shells down. Cover the lid of the steamer with a coarse
towel and press closely on. Set this over a pot of water boiling hard.
In from twenty minutes to half an hour, the shells will have opened.
Have ready a hot dish, on which lay the oysters; sprinkle over them a
little salt and pepper with a bit of fresh butter on each oyster.
Serve immediately.--_Mrs. S. T._


Wash and wipe one peck large shell oysters. Put in a hot oven, taking
care to put the upper shell downward, so the juice will not escape. As
soon as the shells open, lay on a hot dish and serve with horseradish
or pepper-sauce, after sprinkling on them a little salt, and putting a
bit of fresh butter on each oyster.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 gallon oysters.
     1 tablespoonful salt.
     1   "           unground black pepper.
     1   "           allspice.
     6 blades mace.
     1 small piece cayenne pepper.

Pick oysters out from the juice with a fork; stew until gills are
opened well, then lay on flat dishes until cold; put in a jar, and
cover with equal parts of stewed juice and vinegar. Let stand two
days.--_Mrs. R. R._

_Pickled Oysters._

Take two hundred oysters of largest size, rinse them in their own
liquor and put them in a stew-pan. Strain the liquor to them, let them
come to a boil, and _no more_. Take them out of the liquor; have ready
one quart or more of pure cider vinegar, with which boil whole pepper,
a little salt, mace, cloves, and nutmeg.

When it is cool, pour over the oysters. Before serving add a few raw
cranberries and thin slices of lemon.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Pickled Oysters._

Take one gallon oysters and cook them in their own liquor till nearly
done. Then skim out the oysters and add to the liquor one teaspoonful
whole black pepper, one teaspoonful allspice, one teaspoonful mace, a
little red pepper and half a pint of strong vinegar.

Let it boil a few minutes and then pour over the oysters. When nearly
cool, slice in them a large fresh lemon.--_Mrs. Col. A. F._


Stew the oysters, not entirely done, with butter, pepper and one
tablespoonful pepper-sauce, and salt. Make a paste of one pound flour
and one-half pound butter. Line the dish and put in the oysters, grate
bread crumbs over top, and bake.--_Mrs. T._

_Oyster Pie._

Put a paste in a deep dish. Wash the oysters, drain and put them in
the dish, seasoning with butter, pepper, salt, and a little mace, if
liked; then put in a layer of grated cracker. When the dish is full,
cover with paste and slips of paste laid across; then bake.--_Mrs.


Stew some large oysters with a little nutmeg, a few cloves, some yolk
of egg boiled hard and grated, a little butter and as much liquor from
the oysters as will cover them. When stewed a few minutes, take them
out of the pan to cool. Have shells of puff paste, previously baked in
patty pans, and lay two or three oysters in each.--_Mrs. D._


     1 quart flour.
     3 teaspoonfuls baking powder.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     A pinch of salt.
     Enough sweet milk to moisten well.

Roll about one inch thick and bake on tin pie plates quickly. While it
is baking, take one quart oysters and one-half cup water and put on
the stove; then take one-half cup milk, and one-half cup butter mixed
with one tablespoonful flour, and a little salt or pepper; add all
together and boil up once.

When the cakes are done, split them open and spread the oysters
between them, and some on the top. Put the oysters that are left in a
gravy-dish and replenish when needed.--_Mrs. K._


Chop one pint oysters, with one-quarter pound veal, and one-quarter
pound suet.

Mix with bread crumbs, and pound all in a mortar. Season with salt and
pepper, adding an egg, well beaten.

Make into cakes like pork sausage.--_Mrs. E._


Take each oyster separately on a fork and drain from the liquor. Place
on the table in an oyster tureen or salad bowl; have near a pile of
small oblong dishes; scraped horseradish, pepper sauce, and
Worcestershire sauce, etc., so that after being helped, each guest may
season to taste.

When oysters are transported some distance, it is well to boil the
liquor from which they have been taken and pour over them: this makes
them plump and prevents them from being slimy.--_Mrs. S. T._


Mix one pint of salt with thirty pints of water. Put the oysters in a
tub that will not leak, with their mouths upwards and feed them with
the above, by dipping in a broom and frequently passing over their
mouths. It is said that they will fatten still more by mixing fine
meal with the water.--_Mrs. R----._


Take live crabs and put them in cool water, let them remain for half
an hour. Then put them in a vessel, pour boiling water on them
sufficient to cover them; boil ten minutes. Take them off and wipe
them clean, first removing the dead men, and proceed to remove the
meat. Take the upper shell, clean it. Season the meat with pepper,
salt, mustard, and plenty of butter; put all in the shell again and
bake half an hour.--_Mrs. K. Norfolk._


One peck live crabs, steam twenty minutes, bone and pick the claws and
bodies. Stew with one pint milk or cream, the flesh and eggs of the
crabs, fifteen minutes. Flavor with salt and cayenne pepper.--_Mrs. R.
L. O._


After crabs are picked, season with mustard, pepper, salt, and catsup
to taste. Add olive oil or butter.

Cover with bread crumbs moistened with milk and lumps of butter (put a
little milk in the crab also). Bake in the shells or in a pan.--_Miss
E. W._


To the flesh of one dozen crabs boiled fifteen minutes and picked free
from shell, add:

     3 tablespoonfuls of stale bread crumbs.
     ½ wine glass of cream.
     Yolks of 3 eggs.
     A little chopped parsley.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     Salt and pepper to the taste.

Put them in the shell and bake in a quick oven.--_Mrs. M. E. L. W._


Turn up the ends of the shells and take out the dead man's fingers and
take off the flap, and cut out the sand-bag; lay them in cold water
until ready to fry. Then dust flour over them, a little salt, and fry
them in hot lard.--_Mrs. D._


After the crabs are boiled, pick them up fine and add one third the
quantity of crab, in cracker dust or bread crumbs, mustard, red and
black pepper, salt, and butter. Return them to the top shells, and
bake.--_Mrs. D._


Take them while alive, put them in very little water and steam them
till perfectly done and brown, set them away till cold, take all out
of the shell. Mix with eggs, bread crumbs, butter, and pepper. Either
put back in the _top_ shell and bake, or bake in pans.--_Mrs. J. C._


Put the meat of a large lobster into a stewpan with one blade of mace.

     1 large cup of meat stock, or gravy.
     1 tablespoonful corn starch, mixed smooth, with a little milk or
     Add salt.
     1 small piece of butter.
     1 dessertspoonful curry powder.
     Juice of one lemon.

Simmer for an hour and serve hot.--_Mrs. C._


After they are well cleaned, parboil the meat, then pick it to pieces.
Season highly with pepper, salt, cayenne pepper, hard-boiled egg,
spices, lemon, and champagne or other wine.

Stew until well done.


Make a stew of the turtle and add all the ingredients used in the
turtle-soup, except wine and lemons.--_Mrs. D._


First cut up the head and put it in the pot to boil with the shell on;
when done enough to remove the under shell, take it up and pick to
pieces. Clean the top shell well; add a few crackers, onions, parsley,
allspice, black pepper, butter, and wine.

Return it to the shell, put sliced lemon on and bake it.--_Mrs. D._


Cut the turtle or terrapin in thin slices; broil or fry them with
pepper, salt, and butter.


Smother the steaks in an egg-batter. Season with pepper, salt, butter,
and with a little bread crumbs; fry or broil.


Drop four turtles into boiling water, and boil one hour; then take
them out and remove the skin from the legs and feet, and replace them
in fresh boiling water, where they should continue to boil one and
one-half hour and then be taken out to cool. When cold, clean them
thoroughly, removing the round liver which contains the gall. Cut them
into small bits and place them in a stewpan, adding pepper, salt, the
eggs that are found within, one quart water, one-half pound butter,
and two tablespoonfuls flour mixed with a little cold water. Stir the
flour and water well into the other ingredients, and stew about twenty
minutes. As you remove them from the fire, pour in one-half pint
Madeira wine.--_Mrs. A. D._


In selecting fish, notice if the flesh is firm and hard, the eyes full
and prominent, the scales bright, the fins stiff, and the gills red,
as all these indications denote their being fresh. Wash the fish, rub
it with salt and pepper, and lay it on a dish, or hang it up till
ready to cook. Never keep it lying in water, either in preparing it
for cooking, or in trying to keep it till the next day.

In boiling fish, put it in boiling water, and simmer very slowly. It
will require an hour to boil a large fish, and about twenty minutes
for a small one. Every housekeeper should have a fish-kettle for fish.

Be careful to have boiling-hot lard in the frying-pan when you go to
fry fish. First rub salt and pepper and flour or meal on the fish,
then keep it well covered while frying, as you should do to every
thing that is being fried. Doing this will enable you to fry the fish
(or other article of food) a pretty amber color, while at the same
time it will be perfectly done.

Always have a tin sheet for lifting boiled fish and for turning
broiled fish. Before broiling, rub with pepper and salt, and then
grease with fresh butter. Lay the fish on a gridiron well greased with
sweet lard and lay the tin sheet over it. When you wish to turn, take
the gridiron from the fire, holding the tin sheet on top the fish.
Hold them together, then lay them on a table with the tin sheet down
and the gridiron uppermost. Carefully raise the gridiron, leaving the
fish lying unbroken on the tin sheet. The cook may now easily slide
the fish on the gridiron, put it again on the fire and brown the other
side, putting the tin sheet back on top of it. Every thing should be
covered while being broiled. When done, lay it on a dish and pour over
it melted butter in which has been stirred pepper, salt, and minced
parsley. If devilled fish is desired, add to this dressing, one
tablespoonful pepper vinegar, one of celery vinegar, one of walnut
catsup, one of made mustard, one wine-glassful of acid fruit jelly. In
making sauces for fish, never use the water in which the fish has been

Full directions for stewing fish are to be found in the subsequent


Boil a firm fish, remove the bones, pick it to pieces. Mix one pint
cream or milk with two tablespoonfuls flour, one onion, one-half pound
butter (or less), and salt.

Set it on the fire and stir until it is as thick as custard. Fill a
baking-dish alternately with fish, cracker, and cream. Bake for thirty
minutes, use four crackers.--_Mrs. W. C. R._


Boil one pound halibut, then chop it very fine and add eight eggs well
beaten; pepper and salt to taste, then one cup butter.

Put it in a stewpan and cook until the eggs are done sufficiently.
Serve very hot on toast.--_Miss F. N._


Halibut should be cut in slices of four pounds each. If to be boiled,
cover with salt water, and skim often; drain off and serve with butter

If baked or fried, garnish with horseradish and serve with melted


Fry a few slices of salt pork, cut the fish in small pieces, pare and
slice the potatoes, add a little onion chopped fine.

Place all in layers in the kettle; season with salt and pepper. Stew
over a slow fire thirty minutes.


To be made of New River cat-fish.

Wash the fish in warm water, put it on in just water enough to cover
it, boil until tender or until the bones will slip out; take out the
largest bones, chop up the fish, put it in a stewpan with a pint of
water, a large lump of butter.

1 cup of cream, pepper and not much salt.

1 onion, one teaspoonful mustard, one-half teacupful walnut catsup.

Stew until quite thick, garnish with sliced lemon and serve
hot.--_Mrs. P. W._


Take two cat-fish, skin, and boil till thoroughly done; pick very fine
and add:

     2 good sized onions.
     ¼ pound butter.
     1 tablespoonful salt.
     1 tablespoonful pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls Worcestershire sauce.

Add a little celery or celery-seed, a little thyme, a little parsley.

Pour over all about one quart of boiling water and cook fast about
half an hour.--_Miss F. N._


Take any large fish, and cut in thin slices, lay some slices of fat
bacon at the bottom of the pot and then a layer of fish, onions,
cracker dust, red and black pepper, salt, and butter.

Then more layers, until you have used all the fish. Cover the whole
with water and cook until well done.--_Mrs. D._


Clean the fish and boil well done. Serve hot with butter and egg


Put two tablespoonfuls butter and two tablespoonfuls lard in a
skillet; also, with that, two tablespoonfuls flour, a little parsley,
one pint boiling water, a little wine, catsup, salt, and cayenne
pepper. Boil a few minutes; then take four eggs, half a pint cream or
butter; beat well together. Lay the fish in a large deep dish, pour
gravy from skillet over it; spread butter over top of fish. The bottom
of the oven to be quite hot, top slow.--_Miss E. W._


Lay the fish in a fish boiler, in a cloth, to prevent breaking. Throw
into the water a handful parsley, and when the fish is done, lay some
sprigs on it in the dish.--_Mrs. D._


Put the fish in a pan and cover with water; put a little parsley,
onions, and fat bacon, chopped up together, black pepper and salt, in
the fish and over it, and when nearly done, beat up one egg and a
little flour, and pour over it to thicken the gravy. Rock or shad may
be cooked the same way.--_Mrs. D._

_Baked Sheep's-head._

When ready for cooking, salt and pepper well, gash the sides in three
or four places. Cut four onions very fine, to which add one pint bread
crumbs, fat meat minced very fine, as it suits better than lard,
cayenne pepper, thyme, a little salt, and the yolks of two eggs, all
mashed together, with which stuff the fish inside and gashes on the
outside. Then sprinkle over with flour and black pepper; put into a
large pan with one quart cold water. Bake two hours, slowly. Serve
with or without sauce, according to taste.--_Miss F. N._


Clean the fish nicely, rub well with salt and pepper. Put into a large
deep pan, that it may lie at full length; cover with cold water,
adding salt and pepper. Boil steadily for three-quarters of an hour;
dish and serve with melted butter and sauce or catsup.--_Miss F. N._

_Boiled Rock-fish._

Clean nicely and hang it up; do not lay it in water, but wash it when
ready for cooking. Put on in boiling water, seasoning with salt to
taste. It takes two hours to boil, if large. Serve with egg sauce, and
send to the table in a napkin to keep hot.--_Mrs. W._


Take a rock, clean and season with parsley, sweet marjoram, onions,
one-half pint water, salt to taste, one pint Port wine, one-half pound
butter, and a little flour. Put them in a dish, and set in a stewpan.
One hour is sufficient for cooking.--_Mrs. J. T._


Boil the fish and take out the bones. Season with cream, butter,
pepper, and salt, and grated bread crumbs over the top. Bake slightly
in a flat dish or scollop shells.--_Mrs. R._


Cut a rock-fish into pieces and put in a kettle with sufficient water
to cover it. Put in a handful of salt, some white pepper, one
tablespoonful allspice, a few cloves and mace.

When the fish is nearly done, add a quart of vinegar. In putting away,
use as much liquor as will cover it.--_Mrs. J. W. S._


Open the shad down the back, wash well and salt it; wipe dry and rub
inside and out with a little cayenne pepper. Prepare a stuffing of
bread, seasoned with pepper, salt, thyme, or parsley, celery-seed, a
little chopped onion, piece of butter, size of a walnut.

Tie up the fish and put in a baking pan with one pint water (to a good
sized fish) and butter, size of a hen's egg. Sprinkle with flour,
baste well and bake slowly an hour and a half.--_Mrs. J. H. F._


Clean and hang in a cool place. When ready to use wash thoroughly, cut
up and sprinkle lightly with flour, pepper, salt, and fry with
lard.--_Mrs. R----._


Fill the inside with forcemeat, sew it up and tie it on a board, not
pine, cover with bread crumbs, a little salt, and pepper, and place
before the fire. When done one side, turn it; when sufficiently done,
pull out the thread; dish and serve with drawn butter and
parsley.--_Mrs. D._


Clean, wash, and split the shad, and wipe it dry.

Sprinkle with pepper and salt, and place it over a clear, slow fire,
with the skin down so as to retain the juice; put on a clean gridiron,
rubbed with lard. Turn it when nearly done; take up, and season with a
generous piece of butter, salt, and pepper to taste.--_Mrs. S._


Cut the fish as for frying; pack in a stone jar with layers of mixed
spices, seasoning with salt; after the jar is filled, pour vinegar
over; cover tightly with a cloth. Put the jar in a large pot of water
and boil until the fish is thoroughly done.

A nice relish for tea.--_Mrs. C. L. T._


Split the back of the fish, pepper and salt it, and put on the
gridiron with the skin down.

Baste the upper side of the fish with butter; brown a little piece of
butter with a small quantity of flour, and when brown add pepper,
salt, and a little water.

Dish in a tureen.--_Mrs. J. W. S._


Four pounds sturgeon, boiled; when cold, pick to pieces and then wash
and squeeze out the water. Make a mayonnaise dressing, using celery,
cayenne pepper instead of black pepper, and salt. Serve on white
lettuce leaves.--_Mrs. R. R._


Remove all the fat from the fish; cut it into steak pieces. Beat up
the yolks of eggs enough to moisten the pieces well; dip them into the
beaten egg. Have ready a dish of grated bread crumbs (stale bread is
best), then roll them in the bread crumbs and pepper them well.

Prepare a vessel of melted lard, have it boiling hot, but not burnt;
lay in the pieces of fish and cover with a lid. Turn them over as
they brown and remove the lid when they are nearly done.--_Mrs. Dr. P.


Slice it like beefsteak, and roll in a thin egg batter, and fry in hot

Chopped parsley and black pepper may be added, if liked.--_Mrs. D.,


Wash the skin _well_, put in a pan and bake for three-quarters of an
hour. Then take it out on a dish; pierce it with a knife in several
places. Make a stuffing of pot-meat, bread crumbs, onions, parsley,
thyme, pepper, and salt, all chopped well together. Stuff the holes
with the mixture and put the rest in the gravy; return to the pan and
bake until done.--_Mrs. D._


Sprinkle with salt and dredge with flour; after a while dredge with
flour the other side. When the lard boils hard, skim it well and put
in the fish. Serve hot.--_Mrs. W._


Split the fish down the back, insert a thin slice of fat pork. Squeeze
lemon juice over it and fry brown.--_Mrs. J. I., La._


Boil over a slow fire and skim frequently. Season with salt. Garnish
with parsley and rings of hard boiled eggs, and serve with butter and


One-fourth fish, to three-fourths potatoes, eggs enough to moisten.
Season with pepper and salt, and fry brown.


Cut the thick part out of a firm, white dried codfish, and soak it
over night, then cut into very small pieces and parboil for a few
minutes, changing the water until the fish remains but slightly
salted. Drain off the water, leaving the fish in the saucepan. Pour
over a little more milk than will cover it; when it becomes heated,
add a little butter and pepper, thicken with flour stirred smooth in
milk. Stir constantly for a few minutes.


Take one-third of a large fish; soak it from three to four hours;
next, boiling it till thoroughly done, pick the meat fine, taking out
all the bones. Then add:

     3 hard-boiled eggs, chopped fine.
     3 to 4 Irish potatoes, boiled and mashed.

Mix all well together in a stewpan, with--

     1 teacup of hot water.
     Salt and mustard to the taste.

Boil half an hour, and add a liberal supply of butter just before
serving. If preferred, the salt and mustard need not be put in until
during the cooking.--_Mrs. A. C._


Well wash the fish, put it into nearly boiling water with one
tablespoonful salt in it; boil up quickly, then let it simmer gently
for a quarter of an hour, and if the fish be very large, a few minutes
longer. Serve in a hot dish.--_Mrs. B._


If the mackerel is fresh, after it is nicely scaled and cleaned, dry
it; pepper and salt and broil it on a gridiron; baste it with fresh
butter. After it is broiled, put it on a hot dish, pour melted butter
over it, and serve. If the fish is salt, pour boiling water over it,
soak it several hours; butter and pepper, and broil; serve in the same
way as the fresh.--_Mrs. R._


Soak the fish over night in fresh water. In the morning drain off the
water and place on a gridiron to broil, dressing with hot
butter.--_Mrs. T._


When washed and dried, sprinkle over pepper and salt. Have ready in a
baking-pan a small grating; lay the fish on this, with bits of butter
over it; set in a hot oven, basting often and freely with butter. When
nicely browned, butter a sheet of white paper and lay over it, to
prevent its getting too dry; when done and tender, place on a hot
dish. Add to the gravy one teacupful milk, one tablespoonful pepper
vinegar, pepper, salt, and a mashed Irish potato smoothly mixed in;
boil, and pour over the fish. Sift over all browned cracker. Garnish
with bleached tops of celery and curled parsley alternately.--_Mrs.


After the fish has been cleaned and washed, dry it and sew it up in a
cloth; lay it in a fish-kettle, cover with warm water, and simmer
until done and tender. Meanwhile have ready in a saucepan one pint
cream, two tablespoonfuls fresh butter, salt, pepper, minced parsley,
and thyme; let it boil up once, not too quickly. Take the fish from
the kettle, carefully unwrap it, lay it for a moment on a folded
napkin to dry. Have ready a hot dish, lay the fish on it carefully,
without breaking it, pour over the cream. Slice some hard-boiled eggs,
and lay over the fish alternately with sliced lemon. Border the edges
of the dish with curled parsley.--_Mrs. S. T._


When well dried, pepper and salt, sift over powdered cracker, and lay
upon a gridiron, which has been first greased with butter or lard,
over hot coals. As soon as the side next to the fire is brown, turn it
by carefully slipping under it a batter-cake turner and holding the
fish on it with the other hand, lest it should break. When both sides
are of a light brown, lay in a hot dish; pepper and salt again; pour
over melted butter; place the cover on, and serve.--_Mrs. T._


Soak the salmon twenty-four hours, changing the water. Put it in
boiling water, with a little vinegar. When done and cold, boil your
vinegar with spice and pour on the fish.--_Mrs. A. P._


Put the fish in a kettle to boil. Stew together in a saucepan one
onion chopped fine and a wine-glass of sweet oil; when well done, pour
them in with the fish. Then mix yolks of three eggs, juice of two
lemons strained, one tablespoonful sifted flour. Beat these well
together, and pour upon the fish when nearly done. Then add ginger,
pepper, and salt to taste; stew three or four minutes, after mixing
all the ingredients. Oysters may be cooked by the same receipt, only
substituting one quart oysters for the fish.--_Mrs. A. D._



Rub the venison over with pepper, salt, and butter. Repeat the
rubbing. After it has been put in the oven, put in as much cold water
as will prevent burning and draw the gravy. Stick five or six cloves
in different parts of the venison. Add enough water to make sufficient
gravy. Just before dinner, put in a glass of red wine and a lump of
butter rolled in flour, and let it stew a little longer.--_Mrs. T._


Prepare the venison as you would mutton.

Put in a baking-pan, lard with a little bacon, add a pint of water, a
gill of red wine, salt, and a little cayenne pepper. Bake quickly, and
serve with or without gravy.


Cut in tolerably thick slices. Put in an oven with two spoonfuls of
water and a piece of lard. Cook till nearly done, then pour off the
gravy and baste it well with a large spoonful of butter, pepper, and

_Stewed Venison._

Slice cold venison in a chafing dish and add--

     A cup of water.
     A small teacup of red wine.
     A small teacup of currant jelly.
     A tablespoonful of butter.
     A teaspoonful of made mustard.
     A little yellow pickle.
     A little chopped celery.
     A little mushroom catsup.
     Salt and cayenne pepper to the taste.

The same receipt will answer for cold mutton.--_Mrs. R. L. O._


Put some slices of fat bacon in an oven. Lay the squirrels on them and
lay two slices of bacon on the top. Put them in the oven and let them
cook until done. Lay them on a dish and set near the fire. Take out
the bacon, sprinkle one spoonful of flour in the gravy and let it
brown. Then pour in one teacup of water, one tablespoonful of butter,
and some tomato or walnut catsup. Let it cool, and then pour it over
the squirrel.


Stew the rabbit. After boiling the haslet and liver, stew them with
parsley, thyme, celery-seed, butter, salt, and pepper, for gravy. Soak
a piece of loaf bread, a short time, in water. Mix with it the yolk of
an egg and some butter, for stuffing; then soak it in milk and cream.
Sprinkle the inside of the rabbit with salt and pepper, fill it with
the above dressing, sew it up, and roast or bake quickly.--_Mrs. B._


Lay the rabbit in salt and water half an hour, scald with boiling
water, wipe dry, grease with butter, and sprinkle with pepper and a
little salt. Lay it on the gridiron, turning often so that it may cook
through and through, without becoming hard and dry. When brown, lay on
a hot dish, butter plentifully on both sides, and add a little salt
and pepper. Set in the oven, while preparing four teaspoonfuls of
vinegar, one of made mustard, and one of currant jelly or brown sugar.
Pour this over the rabbit, rubbing it in, then pour over the gravy and
serve hot.--_Mrs. T._


Cut up the rabbit and wash it. Put it in a stewpan and season it with
salt and pepper. Pour in half a pint of water, and when this has
nearly stewed away, add half a pint of Port wine, two or three blades
of mace, and a tablespoonful of flour, mixed with a quarter of a pound
of butter. Let it stew gently till quite tender, and then serve
hot.--_Mrs. C. C._

_Stewed Rabbit._

Cut a rabbit into eight pieces. After soaking in salt and water, put
it in a stewpan, with a slice of pork or bacon, and with more than
enough water to cover it. When nearly done, take out the pieces,
strain the water in which they have boiled, and return all to the
stewpan, with a teacup of milk, a little pepper, salt, chopped onion
and parsley. After this boils up, stir in a heaping tablespoonful of
butter, in which a tablespoonful of flour has been rubbed. Let it boil
up once more; then serve in a covered dish, with four hard-boiled eggs
sliced over it, and grated bread crumbs. The same receipt will answer
for squirrel.--_Mrs. T._


If the turkey is old, after it is dressed wash it inside thoroughly
with soda and water. Rinse it and plunge it into a pot of boiling
water for five minutes. Make a stuffing of bits of pork, beef, or any
other cold meat, plenty of chopped celery, stewed giblets, hard-boiled
eggs, pounded cracker, pepper, and salt, and a heaping spoonful of
butter. Work this well and fill the turkey. With another large
spoonful of butter grease the bird, and then sprinkle salt and pepper
over it. Lay in a pan, with a pint of stock or broth in which any kind
of meat has been boiled. Place in a hot oven. When it begins to brown,
dredge with flour and baste, turning often, so that each part may be
equally browned. Put a buttered sheet of paper over the breast, to
prevent dryness. When thoroughly done, lay on a dish, brown some
crackers, pound and sift over it, and serve with celery or oyster
sauce.--_Mrs. T._

_A Simpler Way to Prepare Wild Turkey._

Prepare the turkey as usual, rub the inside with salt and cayenne
pepper, and put in the baking-pan, with water enough to make gravy.
Cut up the gizzard and liver with a lump of butter and a spoonful of
cream. Mix with the gravy and serve hot.

_To Roast Wild Fowl in a Stove._

Put them on a rack above a pan, so that the gravy will drip through.
This makes them as delicate as if roasted on a spit. If roasted in a
pan, they will be exceedingly greasy and have the _stovey_ taste to
which so many persons object.--_Mrs. J. W. S._


After the goose is dressed, soak it several hours in salt and water.
Put a small onion inside and plunge it into boiling water for twenty
minutes. Stuff with chopped celery, chopped eggs, mashed potatoes,
bits of fat pork or other cold meat; a little butter; raw turnip
grated; a tablespoonful of pepper vinegar; a little chopped onion;
pepper and salt to the taste.

A teacup of stock or broth must be put in the pan with the fowl.
Butter it, dredge with flour, and baste often. Pin a buttered paper
over the breast to prevent its becoming hard. Serve with mushroom or
celery sauce, or, for a simpler taste, serve merely with its own
gravy.--_Mrs. T._

_Wild Goose._

Put a small onion inside, a slice of pork, pepper, salt, and a
spoonful of red wine.

Lay in a pan with water enough to make gravy. Dredge with flour, and
baste with butter frequently. Cook quickly and serve with gravy made
as for wild turkey.


When the duck is ready dressed, put in it a small onion, pepper, salt,
and a spoonful of red wine. Lay in a pan with water enough to make the
gravy. Cook in fifteen or twenty minutes, if the fire is brisk. Serve
with gravy made as for wild turkey.

Canvas-back ducks are cooked in the same way, only you leave on their
heads and do not use onion with them.--_Mrs. R. L. O._

_To Cook Wild Duck for Breakfast._

Split open in the back, put in a pan with a little water, butter,
pepper and salt, and cook till tender. Baste with flour. If for
dinner, cook whole.--_Mrs. J. L. C._


Place them in salt and water, an hour or two before broiling. When
taken out, wipe them dry, and rub them all over with fresh butter,
pepper and salt. First broil the under or split side on the gridiron,
over bright, clear coals, turning until the upper side is of a fine,
light brown. It must be cooked principally from the under side. When
done, rub well again with fresh butter and if not ready to serve them
immediately, put them in a large shallow tin bucket, cover it and set
it over a pot or kettle of boiling water, which will keep them hot
without making them hard or dry and will give time for the many "last
things" to be done before serving a meal. When served, sift over them
powdered cracker, first browned.--_Mrs. T._


Clean the birds as for stuffing. Rub with butter, salt and pepper. Put
in sheets of letter paper and allow to cook in this way.--_Mrs. W. C._


Place them in a steamer, over a pot of boiling water, till tender.

Have ready a saucepan of large fresh oysters, scalded just enough to
make them plump and seasoned with pepper-sauce, butter, and a little
salt. Rub the cavity of the birds with salt and pepper, fill with
oysters and sew up. Broil till a light brown. Place on a hot dish and
sift over them browned cracker. Add a large tablespoonful of butter
and one of pounded cracker to the oyster liquor. Boil it up once and
pour into the dish, but not over the birds.--_Mrs. T._


Pigeons may be broiled the same as chickens, only cover the breast
with slices of bacon. When nearly done, remove the bacon, dredge with
flour and baste with butter. They will be done in half an hour.


The pigeons must be seasoned with pepper, salt, cloves, mace and sweet
herbs. Wrap the seasoning up in a piece of butter and put it in the
pigeon. Then tie up the neck and vest and half roast the pigeons. Then
put them in a stewpan with a quart of good gravy, a little white wine,
some pickled mushrooms, a few peppercorns, three or four blades of
mace, a bit of lemon peel, a bit of onion and a bunch of sweet herbs.
Stew until done, then thicken with butter and yolks of eggs. Garnish
with lemon.


Take six young pigeons. After they are drawn, trussed, and singed,
stuff them with the chopped livers mixed with parsley, salt, pepper,
and a small piece of butter. Cover the bottom of the dish with rather
small pieces of beef. On the beef, place a thin layer of chopped
parsley and mushrooms, seasoned with pepper and salt. Over this place
the pigeons, between each putting the yolk of a hard-boiled egg. Add
some brown sauce or gravy. Cover with puff paste and bake the pie for
an hour and a half.--_Mrs. C. C._


Pick open and carefully wash one dozen or more birds. Place them
between the folds of a towel, and with a rolling-pin mash the bones
quite flat. Season with salt and a little cayenne and black pepper.
Either fry or broil on a gridiron made for broiling oysters. This must
be done over a clear fire. When done, season, put a lump of butter on
each bird and serve hot.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Prepare as you would a chicken for roasting. Lay in a pan and pour
boiling water over them or, if convenient, steam them. Scald a few
large fresh oysters till just plump, season them with cayenne pepper,
salt and butter. Pour into the cavity of each bird a few drops of
pepper-sauce and then put a large oyster in each. Broil a short time,
frequently turning that they may not become dry. If not ready to serve
them as soon as they are done, lay in a tin bucket, butter them and
sprinkle them again with black pepper, cover the bucket and set it
over boiling water till wanted. When laid in the dish, sift browned
cracker over the birds, and pour gravy into the dish.--_Mrs. T._

_To Cook Sora, Ortolans, and Other Small Birds._

After they are split open in the back and dressed, lay them in weak
salt and water for a short time. Then lay them on a board and roll
with a rolling-pin to flatten the breastbone. Put butter, pepper, and
salt on them. Lay them on a gridiron and broil slowly. When just done,
add more butter and pepper, lay in a flat tin bucket, which set over a
vessel of boiling water to keep the birds hot, juicy, and tender till
wanted.--_Mrs. T._


They should be carefully cleaned, buttered, sprinkled with pepper and
salt, and broiled. When they are served, butter them again. If you
like, serve each bird on a piece of toast, and pour over them a sauce
of red wine, mushroom catsup, salt, cayenne pepper, and celery.


All meats are better in winter for being kept several weeks, and it is
well, in summer, to keep them as long as you can without danger of
their being tainted. If it is not in your power to keep meat in an
ice-house, in summer, keep it in a cool dark cellar, wrapped around
with wet cloths, on top of which lay boughs of elderberry. The
evaporation from the cloth will keep the meat cool and the elderberry
will keep off insects.

If you should unfortunately be obliged to use stale meat or poultry,
rub it in and out with soda, before washing it. Tough meats and
poultry are rendered more tender by putting a little vinegar or a few
slices of lemon in the water in which they are boiled. The use of an
acid will save time and fuel in cooking them and will render them more
tender and digestible.

If possible, keep the meat so clean that it will not be necessary to
wash it, as water extracts the juices. When it is frozen, lay it in
cold water to thaw, and then cook quickly, to prevent its losing its
moisture and sweetness.

In roasting or boiling, use but little salt at first, as it hardens
meat to do otherwise. In roasting, baste frequently, to prevent the
meat from hardening on the outside, and try to preserve the juices. If
possible, roast the meat on a spit before a large, open fire, after
using salt, pepper, butter or lard, and dredging with flour. Where an
open fire-place cannot be obtained, however, the meat may be well
roasted in a stove or range. Mutton, pork, shote and veal should be
well done, but beef should be cooked rare.

In boiling, put on salt meat in cold water, but fresh meat in hot.
Remember also that salt meat requires more water and a longer time to
cook than fresh. Boil slowly, removing the scum that rises when it
begins to simmer. Keep a tea-kettle of boiling water at hand to
replenish the water in the pot, as it boils away. Do not let the meat
boil too hard or too long, as this will toughen it and extract the
juices. Add salt to fresh meat, just before it is done.

Lardering beef, veal, and poultry is a great improvement, keeping it
moist whilst cooking and adding richness to the flavor. Lardering
consists in introducing slips of clear fat bacon or salt pork, into
the surface of meat, by means of a pin, sharp at one end and cleft
into four divisions at the other. This pin may be obtained at any
hardware store.

As the housekeeper is sometimes hurried in preparing a dish, it will
save time and trouble for her to keep on hand a bottle of
meat-flavoring compounded of the following ingredients.

     2 chopped onions.
     3 pods of red pepper (chopped).
     2 tablespoonfuls brown sugar.
     1 tablespoonful celery seed.
     1 tablespoonful ground mustard.
     1 teaspoonful turmeric.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 teaspoonful salt.

Put all in a quart bottle and fill it up with cider vinegar. A
tablespoonful of this mixed in a stew, steak, or gravy, will impart
not only a fine flavor, but a rich color. Keeping this mixture on hand
will obviate the necessity of the housekeeper looking through various
spice boxes and packages to get together the requisite ingredients for
flavoring, and will thus save her time and trouble.


Good and wholesome meat should be neither of a pale rosy or pink
color, nor of a deep purple. The first denotes the diseased condition,
the last proves the animal has died a natural death. Good meat has
more of a marble look, in consequence of the branching of the veins
which surround the adipose cells. The fat, especially of the inner
organs, is always firm and suety and never moist, while in general the
fat from diseased cattle is flabby and watery and more often resembles
jelly or boiled parchment. Wholesome meat will always show itself firm
and elastic to the touch, and exhibit no dampness, while bad meat will
appear soft and moist, in fact, often more wet, so that the liquid
substance runs out of the blood when pressed hard. Good meat has very
little smell and diffuses a certain medicinal odor. This can be
distinctly proved by cutting the meat through with a knife and
smelling the blade or pouring water over it. Lastly, bad meat has the
peculiarity that it shrinks considerably in the boiling, wholesome
meat rather swells and does not lose an ounce in weight.


Hogs weighing from 150 to 200 pounds are the most suitable size for
family use. They should not exceed twelve months in age, as they are
much more tender from being young. They should be well kept and should
be corn-fed several weeks before being killed. After being properly
dressed, they should hang long enough to get rid of the animal heat.
When they are ready to be cut up, they should be divided into nine
principal parts, two hams, two shoulders, two middlings, the head or
face, jowl and chine. The hog is laid on its back to be cut up. The
head is cut off just below the ears, then it is split down on each
side of the backbone, which is the chine. This is divided into three
pieces, the upper portion being a choice piece to be eaten cold. The
fat portion may be cut off to make lard. Each half should then first
have the leaf fat taken out, which is done by cutting the thin skin
between it and the ribs, when it is easily pulled out. Just under
this, the next thing to be removed is the mousepiece or tenderloin,
lying along the edge, from which the backbone was removed, commencing
at the point of the ham. This is considered the most delicate part and
is used to make the nicest sausage. Just under this tenderloin are
some short ribs about three inches long, running up from the point of
the ham which are known as the griskin. This is removed by a sharp
knife being run under it, taking care to cut it smooth and not too
thick. When broiled, it is as nice as a partridge.

The ribs are next taken out of the shoulder and middling, though some
persons prefer leaving them in the middling. In this case seven should
be taken from the shoulder, by a sharp knife cutting close to the
ribs, which make a delicious broil. Then cut off the ham as near the
bone as possible, in a half circle. The shoulder is then cut square
across just behind the leg. The feet are then chopped off with a sharp
axe or cleaver. From the shoulder, they should be cut off leaving a
stump of about two inches. From the ham, they should be cut off at the
joint, as smoothly as possible, and then you may proceed to salt the

In order to impart redness to the hams, rub on each a teaspoonful of
pulverized saltpetre before salting. If the weather is very cold, warm
the salt before applying it. First rub the skin side well with salt
and then the fleshy side, using for the purpose a shoe-sole or leather
glove. No more salt should be used than a sufficiency to preserve the
meat, as an excess hardens the meat. A bushel of salt is sufficient
for a thousand pounds of meat. For the chine and ribs a very light
sprinkling of salt will suffice.

The meat as salted should be packed with the skin side down, where it
should remain from four to six weeks, according to the weather. If the
weather is mild, four weeks will answer. Should the weather be very
cold and the pork in an exposed place, it will freeze, and the salt,
failing to penetrate the meat, will be apt to injure it.

After it has taken salt sufficiently, the old Virginia mode is to
break the bulk, shake off the salt, rub the joint pieces (hams and
shoulders) with good, green-wood ashes (hickory preferred). Then
rebulk it and let it remain two weeks longer, when it should be hung
up with the joints down and the other pieces may be hung up for
smoking at the same time. It is not necessary that the smoke-house
should be very tight, but it is important that the pork should not be
very close to the fire.

A smothered fire made of small billets of wood or chips (hickory
preferred), or of corn cobs, should be made up three times a day till
the middle of March or first of April, when the joint pieces should be
taken down and packed in hickory or other green-wood ashes, as in
salt, where they will remain all the summer without danger of bugs
interfering with them.

This recipe has been obtained from an old Virginia family, famous for
their skill in this department of housekeeping. This mode of curing
makes the best bacon in the world, far superior to what are generally
called Virginia cured hams.

Shoat (which I must explain to the uninitiated is a term applied in
the South to a young pig past the age when it may be cooked whole)
should be kept up and fattened on buttermilk, several weeks before
being killed, as this makes the flesh extremely delicate. It is best
killed when between two and three months old. It should then be
divided into four quarters. It is more delicate and wholesome eaten


Remove the skin, beat without breaking into holes; scald with boiling
water, wipe dry and broil. When brown lay in a hob dish. Sprinkle over
pepper, salt, a little sage, chopped onion, and parsley; then butter

Grate over all hard biscuit or crackers that have been browned and
serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pork chop and pork cutlet may be cooked in the same way, omitting the
onion if not liked.--_Mrs. T._


With stuffing of sage and onions, roasted spare-rib, done over the
potatoes, affords a good substitute for goose.


Always parboil spare-ribs: then broil with pepper and salt; cut in
pieces three or four bones each.--_Mrs. W._


Cut them into pieces of two or three ribs each; put them into a
covered stewpan and boil or stew until perfectly done. Just before you
take them out, add salt, pepper, and minced parsley.

Put on the cover and simmer until well seasoned.

Take them out of the pan, drain and dry them. For one moment let them
scorch on a gridiron over a bed of hot coals; lay on a hot dish;
butter each one; pepper added; sift over browned cracker and
serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Put them on in a small quantity of water and boil for fifteen or
twenty minutes. Gash them with a knife; sprinkle with pepper and put
them on a hot gridiron as near the fire as possible; broil quickly,
but not too brown. Have some butter melted and pour over the meat and
shut it up in the dish. These are good for breakfast.--_Mrs. P. W._


Cut the chine in three pieces; the large end must be about a foot
long, the remainder cut in half. Put it in a pot of water and boil for
two hours; then put it in a pan, baste and set it in the stove to
brown. Peel some Irish potatoes and put them in the pot; boil till
done, mash them up and season with pepper, a little salt, and some of
the gravy dripping out of the chine while baking; spread them in the
dish, then lay the chine on top. The largest piece is generally put
aside to eat cold, and is very nice. Turnips are good, cooked in the
same way as potatoes, with the chine.

The chine and ham of a hog are nice, corned like beef.--_Mrs. P. W._


Take the smallest end of the backbone, cut in pieces two or three
inches long; put in water and boil until done. Make nice rich pastry
as for chicken pie; line the sides of a baking dish with the pastry,
put in the bones, adding some water in which they were boiled; also
salt, butter, and pepper to taste, with bits of pastry.

Cover top of baking-dish with pastry; put in stove and brown
nicely.--_Mrs. G. B._


Wash off the salt and put it in a pot of water; boil from four to six
hours, according to size. Do not take off the skin, as it preserves
the juice and is much better cold. It is also nice to slice and broil
with pepper and butter over it.--_Mrs. P. W._


Make deep incisions in the meat parallel to the bone, trim it so as to
leave the skin longer than the flesh; then boil some potatoes, and
when they are done, mash them with a piece of butter, cayenne pepper
and salt, an onion finely chopped, and a little rubbed sage.

With this dressing fill the incisions, draw the skin down and skewer
it over to keep the dressing from falling out. Season the outside of
the meat with salt, cayenne pepper and sage.

Roast it slowly; when done, pour the gravy in a pan, skim off the fat
and add some browned flour wet in a little cold water, and boil up

Serve with apple or cranberry sauce.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Rub the large end with salt and saltpetre, and it will keep some time,
or you may boil it fresh. Cut the bones of the other end apart,
sprinkle with flour and a little salt: add one teacup of water, and

It will make two large dishes.--_Mrs. W._


Chine should always be parboiled and stewed before roasting, to take
away the gross taste which the melted fat frying from it gives. After
this lay in the pan with one pint water in which it was boiled, from
which all the fat has been skimmed. Put in this several whole leaves
of sage, to be removed before serving--just to get the flavor; minced
onion, and parsley.

Baste and brown quickly that it may not dry.

This is only stewed chine browned.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take a piece of shoulder of fresh pork, fill with grated bread and the
crust soaked, pepper, salt, onion, sage and thyme: a bit of butter and
lard. Place in a pan with some water; when about half done, place
around it some large apples; when done, place your pork on a dish,
with the apples round it; put flour and water on your pan, flour
browned, some thyme and sage; boil, strain through a very small
colander over your pork and apples.


     18 pounds meat.
     9 pounds back fat.
     2 ounces sage.
     4 ounces black pepper.
     12 ounces salt.--_Mrs. J. P._


     12 pounds of the lean of the chine.
     6 pounds " " fat.
     5 tablespoonfuls salt.
     6     "     sage.
     2     "     thyme.
     5     "     pepper.
     3     "     sweet marjoram.

Mix well together.--_Mrs. S. M._


     25 pounds lean pieces cut from the shoulder and tenderloin.
     15 pounds fat from the back of the chine.
     1 pound salt; a half pound of black pepper.
     4 ounces allspice.
     1 ounce sage.

Cut the fat in small pieces and then chop it; chop the lean very fine:
mix all together, kneading in the seasoning. Press it down in small
pots and pour melted lard over the top.--_Mrs. J. D._


This nice morsel is between the maw and ruffle piece inside of the
hog. Put them in soak for a day; parboil them and then gash them and
stew them in pepper, butter, one teacup of milk and a little vinegar.

Or they are very nice fried or broiled.--_Mrs. P. W._


Lay the meat in cold water as cut from the hog. Let it stand three or
four days, shifting the water each day. Scrape it and let it stand a
day or two longer, changing the water often, and if it should turn
warm, pour a little salt in the water. The oftener it is scraped, the
whiter will be the souse. Boil in plenty of water to cover it,
replenishing when needed. When tender enough, put it in milk-warm
water, and when cold in salt water. Boil the head until the bones will
almost fall out. Clean one dozen or more ears and boil also; while
hot, chop very fine, and season with pepper and salt.

Put in a mold or bowl with a weight on top. The feet may be soused
whole, or cut up with the head and ears; but it is not so nice. Clean
them by dipping in boiling water and scraping; do not hold them to the
fire to singe off the hair. One head and one dozen ears will make a
good-sized cheese.--_Mrs. W._


As soon as the hog is cleaned, cut off the feet and throw them in a
tub of cold water with a handful of salt; let them remain covered in
water until you are ready to clean them, which should be done as soon
as possible, as they will be much whiter. To get the hoof off, put the
feet in hot water (not above the hoof); as soon as they get hot
enough, slip a knife between the foot and hoof, and slip it off; then
scrape the foot nicely, and throw into a tub of clear water; do this
for several days. When you have scraped and changed the water for a
week, then wash them clean and put them on to boil. First put them in
a clean pot with a thin gruel made of corn meal; boil until half done.
Wash them off, and put on in clear hot water, and boil till done, then
take them up and throw them into a firkin of clean salt and water;
keep closely covered to prevent them from molding. They are now ready
to fry, which should be done by splitting the foot in half and fried
in egg batter.--_Mrs. P. W._


As soon as it is taken from the hog, cut in small pieces, wash clean,
press out the water, and put in the pot to boil, with one gallon of
water to a vessel holding four gallons. Boil briskly until nearly
done, or until the cracklins begin to brown, then cook slowly to
prevent burning. The cracklins should be of a light brown and crisp,
and will sink to the bottom when done. This is Leaf Lard.

The fat off of the backbone is also very nice, done in the same way,
and does not require soaking, unless bloody. The fat from the entrails
can also be made into nice lard by soaking for a day or two in fresh
water, changing it frequently, and throwing a handful of salt in the
tub of water to draw out the blood and impurities. When ready to
render, wash in warm water twice and boil in more water than you do
for leaf lard. The cracklins will not become crisp, but remain soft,
and will sink to the bottom; they are used for making soap.


Put one teaspoonful saltpetre on the fleshy side of each ham. Salt
_not too heavily_ for five weeks; if the weather is freezing cold, six
weeks; then brush the hams well, and rub them with hickory ashes; let
them lie for one week, then hang and smoke them for six weeks with
green hickory chips. After brushing, pack them in hickory ashes in a
bulk.--_Mrs. P. C. M._


Pack the meat in salt and allow it to remain five weeks. Then take the
hams up, wash off, and wipe dry. Have some sacks made of about
seven-eighths shirting, large enough to hold the hams and tie above
the hock. Make a pot of sizing of equal portions of flour and corn
meal, boil until thick, and dip each sack until the outside is well
coated with sizing. Put the hams in bags, and tie tight with a strong
twine and hang by the same in the smoke-house.


One peck salt to five hundred pounds pork. To five gallons water:

     4 pounds salt.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pint molasses.
     1 teaspoonful saltpetre.

Mix, and after sprinkling the fleshy side of the ham with the salt,
pack in a tight barrel. Hams first, then shoulders, middlings. Pour
over the brine; leave the meat in brine from four to seven
weeks.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


For five hundred pounds hams.

     1 peck and 1½ gallons fine Liverpool salt.
     1¾ pounds saltpetre.
     1 quart hickory ashes well sifted.
     1 quart molasses.
     2 teacups cayenne pepper.
     1 teacup black pepper.

Mix these ingredients well together in a large tub, rub it into each
ham with a brick, or something rough to get it in well. Pack in a
tight, clean tub and weigh down. Let the hams remain six weeks; then
take them out and rub each one on the fleshy side with one
tablespoonful black pepper to avoid skippers. Hang in the meat house,
and smoke with green hickory for from ten to twelve hours a day for
six weeks, not suffering the wood to blaze. On the 1st of April, take
them down and pack in any coal ashes or pine ashes well slaked. Strong
ashes will rot into the meat.--_Mrs. R. M._


Sometimes very good bacon is found to be of a bad color when cooked.
This may be remedied by keeping it in ashes (hickory is best) for a
few weeks before using. Must then be hung up, with ashes adhering,
until needed. This also prevents skippers.--_Mrs. S. T._


Let it soak for twenty-four hours, changing the water two or three
times. Boil it slowly eight or ten hours: when done, put it into a
dish, as nearly as possible the shape of a ham, taking care first to
take out the bone--turn the rind down. When cold, turn it out into a
large dish, garnish with jelly and ornamental paper. Serve with the
rind on. To be eaten cold.--_Mrs. W. C. R._


Put in the water one pint vinegar, a bay leaf, a little thyme, and

Boil slowly for two hours, if it weighs ten pounds; then bake. Soak
all hams twenty-four hours before cooking.--_Mrs. M._

_To Boil Ham._

The day before you wish to boil a ham, scrape, wash and wipe it dry,
and put it in the sun. At night put it into water and soak till next
morning. Then lay it with the skin down in a boiler of cold water, and
boil slowly for five hours. If the ham is large, boil six hours. When
perfectly done and tender, set the boiler aside, with the ham and
liquor undisturbed, until cold. Then take off the skin, sprinkle black
pepper over thickly, and sift over crackers first browned and pounded;
for special occasions, place at equal distances over the ham, scraped
horseradish in lozenge shape, and edged with curled parsley. This mode
keeps the ham juicy.--_Mrs. S. T._


First of all, soak an old ham overnight, having first washed and
scraped it. Next morning put in a boiler of milk-warm water with the
skin side down. Boil slowly for four or five hours, according to size,
and if a very large ham, six hours. When done, set aside the boiler
with the ham and liquor in it, to remain until cold, when the skin
must be taken off, and it must be trimmed of a nice shape. Sprinkle
over two tablespoonfuls black pepper. Lay the ham on a grating or
twist in the baking-pan, in which pour a pint of water, and set it in
a hot oven. This mode prevents the frying so disagreeable to the
taste. After the ham is heated through, and the pepper strikes in,
sift over cracker; return to the oven and brown, then decorate with
scraped horseradish and parsley, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil the ham and grate some powdered cracker thickly over it; first
rubbing it with beaten yolk of egg. Bake with butter. Lay slices of
currant jelly around the tongue, and garnish the ham with
parsley.--_Mrs. R._

_Baked Ham._

Most persons boil ham, but it is much better if baked properly. Soak
it for an hour in clean water and wipe dry; next spread it all over
with a thin batter, put it into a deep dish with sticks under it to
keep it out of the gravy. When it is fully done, take off the skin and
batter crusted upon the flesh side and set it away to cool.--_Mrs. B.
J. B._


After your ham is boiled, take the skin off. Take pepper, allspice,
cloves and mace, well pounded; add a little bread crumbs, and a little
brown sugar; mix with a little butter and water.

Gash your ham and take out plugs; fill in with the mixture. Rub the
ham with an egg beaten, and grate on bread crumbs and white sugar.

Put in the oven and brown.--_Mrs. D. R._


     Boil the ham.
     Take one-half pound grated cracker or bread.
     ½ pound butter.
     1 teaspoonful spice.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     1 teaspoonful nutmeg.
     1 teaspoonful ginger.
     1 teaspoonful mace.
     3 spoonfuls sugar.
     Celery-seed or celery.
     6 eggs, beaten light.
     1 spoonful mustard.

Mix all well together and moisten with cream, if too stiff. Whilst the
ham is hot, make holes to the bone and fill with this mixture. Put in
the stove to brown.


Salt the hams for two days; put them in a keg and for each ham add:

     ½ cup molasses.
     1 tablespoonful spice.
     1 tablespoonful black pepper.
     A pinch of saltpetre.

Let them stand four days, turning each day, then hang them up.--_Mrs.
D. R._


To have this dish in a perfection, ham must first be soaked, then
boiled nearly done, and set aside to take slices from, as wanted. Cut
rather thin, lay on a gridiron over hot coals; when hot through, lay
on a dish, and pepper well. Pour over fresh butter melted, and serve.
If a raw ham is used, the slices must be cut thicker, dropped in a pan
of boiling water for a few minutes, then broiled as above.--_Mrs. S.


The slices are always taken from a raw ham, but are most delicate when
first simmered a short time: five minutes in a stewpan, dried with a
clean cloth and put in a hot frying-pan, first removing the skin. The
pan must be hot enough to scorch and brown both ham and gravy quickly.
Lay the slices on a hot dish, pour into the gravy half a teacup new
milk, pepper, and minced parsley; boil up and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


This piece is not used until cured or smoked, it is then boiled with
cabbage or salad, as you would the middling. It is inferior to the ham
or middling.--_Mrs. P. W._


The middling is generally used for this purpose: cut a piece about a
foot square, boil three hours.

Take a good head of cabbage, cut, quarter, and wash clean; press the
water out as dry as you can. Boil them one or two hours with half a
pod of red pepper; put them on a dish and the middling on top. You can
fry the cabbage next day, and make a savory dish, but it does not suit
dyspeptics. The thin part of the middling is used for frying, and is
called "breakfast bacon."--_Mrs. P. W._


Dip the ham or slices of middling in bread crumbs. Put in a frying-pan
with chopped parsley and pepper. Just before taking off the fire, pour
to the gravy a cup of cream.--_Mrs. W._


This is an old Virginia dish, and much used in the spring of the year.

The jowl, which must have been well smoked, must be washed clean, and
boiled for three hours. Put in the salad, and boil half an hour; if
you boil too long, it will turn yellow. It is also good broiled for
breakfast with pepper and butter over it.

The jaw-bone should be removed before sending to the table; this is
easily done by running a knife around the lip and under the tongue.
The jowl and salad should always be served with fresh poached
eggs.--_Mrs. P. W._


Let the meat cool thoroughly; cut into pieces four to six inches wide,
weigh them and pack them as tight as possible in a barrel, salting
very slightly. Cover the meat with brine made as strong as possible.
Pour off a gallon of brine and mix with it one tablespoonful saltpetre
for every 100 pounds meat and return it to the barrel. Let it stand
one month, then take out the meat, let it drain twelve hours. Put the
brine in an iron kettle, and one quart treacle or two pounds sugar,
and boil until perfectly clear. When it is cold, return the meat to
the barrel and pour on the brine. Weight it down and keep it covered
close, and you will have the sweetest meat you ever tasted.


Many people do not relish salt pork fried, but it is quite good to
soak it in milk two or three hours, then roll in Indian meal and fry
to a light brown. This makes a good dish with mashed turnips, or raw
onions cut in vinegar; another way is to soak it over night in skimmed
milk and bake like fresh pork; it is almost as good as fresh roast


Mince about one pint boiled lean ham.

Add the yolks of three eggs well beaten, two tablespoonfuls cream, and
a little cayenne pepper.

Stir all on the fire until it thickens, and spread on hot toast with
the crust cut off.--_Mrs. J. T. B._


Chop very fine two spoonfuls of lean ham that has been cooked; take
two spoonfuls veal gravy; a few bread crumbs.

Put all together in a stewpan and heat it. Have ready a toast
buttered, spread the above upon it, strew a few bread crumbs over it
and brown it before the fire.--_Mrs. S._


Cut a slice of dressed ham, season it highly with cayenne pepper and
broil it brown; then spread mustard over it, squeeze on it a little
lemon juice, and serve quickly.


Remove all skin, gristle, and outside parts from one pound of the lean
of cold boiled tongue or ham.

Pound it in a mortar to a smooth paste with either one-quarter pound
of the fat, or with two ounces fresh butter. Season with cayenne,
pounded mace and allspice.

Press it well into pots and cover with clarified butter or fat.


The hind-quarter is considered best. Cut off the foot, leaving the
hock quite short. Wash well and put into boiling water; simmer until
done, adding salt and pepper just before lifting from the kettle; salt
put in sooner hardens and toughens. Place the meat in a baking-pan and
score across, in the direction in which it is to be carved. Skim
several ladlefuls from the top of the kettle and pour over; after this
has dried off, sprinkle over a little salt and pepper, cover with an
egg beaten stiff, sift over powdered cracker, and set to brown. Lay
around sweet potatoes first parboiled, then cut in thick slices. Serve
with minced parsley and thyme, both on the meat and in the
gravy.--_Mrs. S. T._


Put it on in hot water, boil for half an hour; take it out, put in a
pan, gash it across with a sharp knife, in diamond shapes, grease it
with lard and dredge with flour, pepper and a little salt. Peel some
good Irish potatoes, lay them around the pan and set in the stove to
brown, basting frequently. This meat should be cooked done, as it is
not good the least rare. Grate some bread crumbs over it and
serve.--_Mrs. P. W._


Lay the shoat in water till ready for use; if small, it will cook in
an hour. Put in the oven with two spoonfuls of water, a piece of lard,
and dredge with flour. When ready for use, pour in half a teacup of
walnut catsup, and, if not fat, a piece of butter.


The upper half of the head is what is generally used for what is
called "The Pig's-head Stew." Another nice dish may be made of the
under jaw or jowl by parboiling until the jaw-bone can be taken out;
always adding pepper and salt just before it is done. When perfectly
tender, score across; pepper and salt again, cover with beaten egg,
then with cracker. Set in a pan with some of the water in which it was
boiled. Put in a hot oven and brown.--_Mrs. S. T._


When roasted whole, a pig should not be under four nor over six weeks
old. In town, the butcher prepares for roasting, but it is well to
know, in the country, how this may be done. As soon as the pig is
killed, throw it into a tub of cold water, to make it tender; as soon
as cold, take it by the hind leg, and plunge into scalding, not
boiling water (as the last cooks the skin so that the hair can with
difficulty be removed), shake it about until the hair can be removed
by the handful. When all that is possible has been taken off in this
way, rub from the tail up to the end of the nose with a coarse cloth.
Take off the hoofs, scrape and wash the ears and nose until perfectly
clean. The nicest way to dress it is to hang it by the hind legs, open
and take out the entrails; wash well with water, with a little soda
dissolved in it; rinse again and again, and leave hanging an hour.
Wrap in a coarse cloth wrung out of cold water and lay on ice or in a
cool cellar until next morning, when, if the weather is warm, it must
be cooked. It should never be used the same day that it is killed.

First prepare the stuffing of the liver, heart and haslets of the pig,
stewed, seasoned, and chopped. Mix with these an equal quantity of
boiled potatoes mashed; add a large spoonful of butter, with some
hard-boiled eggs, parsley and thyme, chopped fine, pepper and salt.

Scald the pig on the inside, dry it and rub with pepper and salt,
fill and sew up. Bend the fore legs under the body, the hind legs
forward, under the pig, and skewer to keep in position. Place in a
large baking-pan, pour over one quart of boiling water. Have a lump of
fresh butter tied up in a clean rag; rub it all over the pig, then
sprinkle over pepper and salt, putting some in the pan with a bunch of
herbs; invert over it a baking-pan while it simmers, and steam until
entirely done. Underdone pork, shoat, or pig, is both unpalatable and
unwholesome. Remove the pan, rub over with the butter and baste often.
When of a fine brown, cover the edges of a large dish with a deep
fringe of curled parsley; first sift over the pig powdered cracker,
then place it, kneeling, in the green bed. Place in its mouth an
orange or a red apple; and, if eaten hot, serve with the gravy in a
tureen or sauce-boat. It is much nicer cold; served with little mounds
of grated horseradish amongst the parsley.--_Mrs. S. T._


Clean the head and feet; take out the bone above the nose; cut off the
ears, clean them nicely. Separate the jowl from the head; take care of
the brains to add to the stew. Put the head, jowl, feet and part of
the liver in water sufficient to keep well covered; boil until quite
done. Split the feet to put on the dish; hash the head and liver; but
do not spoil the jowl, which must be put in the middle of the dish and
surrounded with the feet and hash. Put all of the hash, jowl and feet
in the pot and season with a cup of cream, a lump of butter, pepper
and salt, a tablespoonful walnut catsup, an onion chopped fine, a
stalk of celery.

A teaspoonful mustard improves it.

Stew half an hour; thicken the gravy with grated bread.--_Mrs. P. W._


Get a shoat's head and clean it nicely. Boil and chop in pieces.
Season with:

     2 tablespoonfuls tomato catsup.
     2 tablespoonfuls walnut catsup.
     2 cups water.
     A little flour.
     1 large spoonful butter.
     Pepper and salt.

Have two or three hard-boiled eggs, cut them in half and lay on the
top of the head; set it in the oven to bake.

Veal or mutton head, can be cooked in the same way, but are not so
nice.--_Mrs. R._


Clean the head and feet; and put them on to parboil with the liver.
Then split up the head, through the nose, taking out the bones. Cut
the meat from the feet and chop up with the liver, season this with
pepper and salt.

Lay the head open and fill it with this mince and the yolks of some
hard-boiled eggs: if this does not fill the head, add some grated
bread crumbs or crackers and butter.

Sew up the head and bind it with thread; put it in the pot with the
water it has been parboiled in and let it stew slowly. Take up the
head, and add to the gravy a lump of butter, rolled in flour, some
browning and some walnut catsup. Pour this over the head, which should
be brown. If the shoat is not very small, use bread and butter instead
of the liver.--_Mrs. R._


Take head, feet, and haslet of pig; boil them until done, then cut
them up fine, taking out the bones.

     Add black pepper, salt, a little sage.
     2 onions chopped fine.
     A little red pepper.
     1 teaspoonful mace.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.

Put it back in the same vessel with liquor and cook till done, then
thicken with a little flour. Add two hard-boiled eggs and one cup
walnut catsup.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


In selecting beef, see that the flesh is firm and of a clear red, and
the fat of a yellowish white. In buying a quarter of beef, it is
better to have it cut up by the butcher, if you are living in town.
The hind quarter is considered better, and sells higher than the fore
quarter. If a roasting piece is desired, the sirloin from the hind
quarter is usually preferred. It is not generally known, however, that
the second cut of the rib-roast from the fore quarter is the finest
roast from the beef.

When the bone has been removed, and the meat skewered in the shape of
a round, by the butcher, it is well to roast it on a spit before an
open fire. If the latter cannot be obtained, however, plunge the beef
for a moment in boiling water, then rub well with salt and pepper,
dredge with flour, and place on a little grate or trivet which will
readily go in a baking-pan. In this pour about a pint of the water in
which the beef was scalded. Place it in a very hot oven, with an
inverted tin plate on top of the roast. Remove this plate often to
baste the meat. When nearly done, which will be in about two hours for
a roast of six pounds, baste several times and bake a nice brown.
Season the gravy with minced onion, parsley and thyme, add a little
salt and pepper and a tablespoonful of the meat flavoring of which a
receipt was given in the general directions about meat. Serve the
gravy in a sauce-tureen, so that each person may choose whether to eat
the beef with gravy or with the juice that escapes from the meat while
it is being carved. The latter mixed with grated horseradish is
preferred to gravy by some persons.

Every portion of the beef, from head to feet, is useful and delicious
when properly prepared.

The rounds and rump pieces are generally used for beef _à la mode_.

Fresh beef from the ribs, boiled with turnips, is considered a nice
dish by some persons.

For steak, nothing is so nice as tenderloin or porter-house steak. I
take this occasion to protest against the unwholesome custom of frying
steak in lard. When inconvenient to broil, it may be deliciously
cooked by being first beaten till tender, then laid in a hot
frying-pan, closely covered, and cooked without lard or butter, in its
own juices. When scorched brown on both sides, but not hard, remove
the pan from the fire, pepper and salt the steak, and put a large
tablespoonful of fresh butter on it. Press this in with a knife and
fork, turning the steak, so that each side may absorb the butter.
Serve on a hot dish. The whole process will not consume five minutes.
Some persons think it best to add the salt after the steak is done,
though many good housekeepers salt and pepper the steak before
broiling it. Beefsteak should be cooked rare; it is a great mistake to
cook it till hard and indigestible.

The parts most suitable for soup are the head, neck, shank, and all
the unsightly parts. After the bones are broken and the meat boiled
from them, the liquor is used for soup, while the meat, picked or cut
to pieces, will make an excellent stew seasoned with potatoes,
turnips, sweet herbs, one tablespoonful of butter and the same of meat

It is well always to keep brine on hand for corning beef. All the
parts not desirable for roast or steak had better be corned.

The beef, after being dressed, should be hung up by the hind legs,
with a smooth, round piece of timber sufficiently strong to hold the
weight, passed through the legs at the hock, or run between the tendon
and bone, with short pegs to keep the legs stretched apart. Then with
a sharp axe, standing behind the suspended beef, split it down the
backbone, severing it in half. Then pass a knife through the ribs,
leaving two or three short ribs on the hind-quarter. Sever the
backbone with an axe. Then cut with a sharp knife straight across the
parallel line with the spinal bone, which piece must be divided into
two pieces, the sirloin and steak. Then take off two rounds, or three,
according to the size of the animal, cutting with a sharp knife, and
cutting the bone with a meat saw or axe, as near the joints as
possible, which leaves the shin-bone.

The fore quarter then is divided into four pieces, after taking off
the shoulder, which may be divided into three or more pieces.

The loin of veal is the nicest part, and is always roasted.

The fillets and knuckles may be stewed and roasted.

The latter is nicest for soup.

The breast may be stewed or roasted.

The cutlets are nicest from the legs or fillet.

The head is a dish for soup, stew or pie.

Sweetbreads from the throat make a delicious dish, much prized by

The feet, boiled till the bones drop out, make a delightful dish,
fried in batter, while the water in which they are boiled makes
excellent jelly.

Veal, to be eaten in its perfection, should be killed when from four
to six weeks old.


The sirloin, or fore and middle ribs, are best for roasting.

The steaks are best cut from the ribs, or the inner part of the
sirloin; shank, tail and head make nice soup.--_Mrs. W._


Lay the meat on some sticks in a dripping-pan or other vessel, so that
it will not touch the water which it is necessary to have in the
bottom. Season with salt and pepper, and put in the oven three or
four hours before it is wanted for the table. Baste it often with the
water in the bottom of the pan, renewing it as often as it gets low.
This makes sweet, juicy roast beef. The great secret of it is, not to
have the meat touch the water in the bottom of the pan, and to baste
it often. Tough, unpromising pieces of beef are best cooked by
steaming them an hour and a half or so and then putting them in the
oven and roasting as much longer.

Crackers, first browned and then pounded, should always be kept to
sift over roast meats: and curled parsley to garnish with. Grated
horseradish is also excellent with the roast.--_Mrs. S. T._


Get, from the butcher, a rib-roast--the second cut is best--and get
him to take out the bones, and roll and skewer it: if this is not
convenient, it can be done at home with a sharp knife. Before
roasting, take out the wooden skewers put in at market, unroll, season
well with salt and pepper and anything else liked, and roll again
tightly, fastening securely with the iron skewer pins. Put it in a pan
on a little iron griddle or trivet, made for the purpose to keep it
just over the pint of water in the pan. Pepper and salt freely, dredge
with flour and baste. Some persons like half a teacup of pepper
vinegar, poured over just before it is done; and minced onion, thyme
and parsley added to the gravy, which should be brown.--_Mrs. B._


The sirloin is the nicest for the purpose.

Plunge the beef in boiling water and boil for thirty minutes: then put
it in the stove-pan; skim the top of the water in which it has been
boiled, and baste the roast, after dredging it with flour; pepper and
salt to taste. Baste frequently, and roast till done.--_Mrs. P. W._


Take, from a round of fresh beef, the bone; beat the meat all over
slightly to make tender. Grate a loaf of bread, mix with it equal
quantities of--

     Thyme and parsley, rubbed fine.
     1 onion.
     The marrow from the bone.
     ¼ pound suet.
     Pepper and salt, cloves and nutmeg to the taste.

Mix these ingredients with three eggs well beaten: fill the place from
whence came the bone, and what is left rub all over the round: fasten
well with a tape, tied round to keep in shape. Cover the pan with
slices of bacon, lay the beef upon them, baste with butter: pour in
the pan a pint of water. Cover closely and stew gently for six hours;
when thoroughly done, take out the beef, skim the fat from the gravy,
strain into a saucepan, set it on the stove and stir into it one
teacup Port wine. Let it come to a boil and send to the table in a
sauce tureen. You may, for supper, dish cold: dress with vegetable
flowers, whites of eggs boiled hard and chopped fine.--_Mrs. J. W. S._

_Beef à la Mode._

Take a round or a rump piece of beef, take out the bone, the gristle
and all the tough pieces about the edges. Fill the cavities from which
the bone was taken, with suet, and fat salt pork.

Press this so as to make it perfectly round, pass around a coarse,
strong piece of cloth, so as to hold it firmly in shape. If the round
is six inches thick, the cloth must be six inches wide, leaving the
top and bottom open. With a larding needle, fill this thickly with
strips of fat pork, running through from top to bottom and about one
inch apart each way. Set this in a baking-pan, pour over:

     1 teacup boiling water,
     1 teacup boiling vinegar; mixed.

Add to this one heaping tablespoonful brown sugar and a bunch of

Sprinkle over the beef liberally with salt and black pepper; chop one
small onion fine, and lay over top of the beef. Simmer this for two or
three hours, basting frequently and keeping an inverted tin plate over
the beef except when basting. If the gravy stews down too much, add
stock or broth of any kind. Turn it over, and let the top be at the
bottom. When it is done and tender, skim the fat from the gravy. Pour

     2 tablespoonfuls celery vinegar.
     2 tablespoonfuls pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls made mustard.
     1 wineglassful acid fruit jelly.

Simmer and bake for two hours longer, frequently basting, that it may
be soft and seasoned through and through. Take the beef from the pan
and remove the cloth; place in a large flat dish, pour over the gravy,
and over this one teacup of mushroom sauce. Sift finely powdered
cracker over the top and garnish with grated or scraped horseradish
and parsley.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Beef à la Mode._

     To 10 pounds of beef, 4 onions chopped up.
     1 tablespoonful allspice, 1 teaspoonful mace.
     Red pepper and salt to the taste.
     1 pint strong vinegar.

Rub the beef in the mixture for three or four days, then cook, with
all these ingredients. The H piece is generally the part taken for
this purpose.--_Mrs. M. B._


The brisket or breast of beef is nicest for boiling. Keep sufficiently
covered in water, boiling three hours, or until tender.

Peel and slice half a dozen turnips and put with beef, boiling until
soft enough to mash with a spoon, which will require about thirty
minutes. Dress with one teacup of milk, pepper and salt to the taste.

Stew together a short time and put in bottom of dish with beef on the
top.--_Mrs. P. W._


Take a flank of fresh beef, stew it with pepper, salt, allspice,
saltpetre, thyme, and sage.

Then roll as hard as you can, and wind a string around it; then boil
till done. It must be served up cold, cut in slices.--_Mrs. M. P._


Beat a large tender steak thoroughly and carefully.

Sprinkle over salt, pepper, sage, minced onion, minced parsley, and
bits of butter.

Have ready some mealy Irish potatoes mashed fine, and seasoned with a
little butter and salt. Spread over all, and roll up tightly: fasten
the ends and sides securely with skewer pins. Place in a pan with such
broth or gravy as may be on hand; if none, two teacups of boiling
water, and one small minced onion, pepper, salt, and one slice of

Simmer and baste as you would a roast duck. Sift over it browned
cracker, pounded fine. Very nice.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut the steak one-half inch thick; it should then be beaten with a
steak beater or pestle. The griddle should be hot and on the coals:
place the steak on the griddle, and as soon as seared, turn it; when
both sides are seared, place it in a pan, season it with pepper, salt,
and butter: repeat this for every piece of steak, and place in the
pan, which should be kept closely covered without being on the fire.
If your heat is sufficient, from three to five minutes is sufficient
to cook.--_Mrs. P. W._


A porter-house steak is considered, by some persons, best, others
prefer the tenderloin. Beat either tender, and place on a gridiron
over coals, frequently turning. Have ready a hot dish, place the steak
on it, pepper and salt well, then with a knife and fork profusely
butter, with one large tablespoonful fresh butter, turning and
pressing it so as to absorb the butter; pepper again and set the dish
over boiling water until wanted, when it will be found tender and
juicy, if not cooked too long on a gridiron. One tablespoonful pepper
vinegar gives this the taste of venison, and to this may be added one
tablespoonful made mustard, for those who like highly seasoned
food.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take a thin, long-handled frying-pan, put it on the stove and heat it
quite hot. In this put the pieces of steak previously pounded, but do
not put a particle of butter in the frying-pan and do not salt the
steak. Allow the steak to merely glaze over and then turn it quickly
to the other side, turning it several times in this manner, until it
is done. Four minutes is sufficient for cooking. When done, lay it on
the platter, previously warmed; butter and salt, and set a moment in
the hot oven. Allow the steak to heat but a moment on each side; this
helps it to retain all its sweet juices, and putting on the salt at
the last moment, after it is on the platter, draws out its
juices.--_Mrs. S. T._


Prepare the steak as for broiling, pepper and roll in flour and fry in
lard; remove the steak from the pan when done; add to the gravy one
chopped onion, pepper, salt, one-half teacup water, and a little

Cook a few minutes, put the steak in the gravy--let it remain a short
time; send to the table hot.--_Mrs. P. W._


Hunt up all the pickle and take from each one teacup vinegar, lay the
steak in a deep dish, pour over the vinegar and let it stand one hour.
Take a clean frying-pan, throw in one ounce butter, and some of the
vinegar from the dish, sufficient to stew the steak. If managed
properly, when done it will be imbedded in a thick gravy. Put the
steak in a hot dish, before the fire; into the pan, put one spoonful
black pepper, one or two of catsup, and one of raw mustard.--_Mrs. S._

_Fried Steak._

Get from the butcher a tenderloin or porter-house steak. Do not wash
it, but be careful to lay it on a clean block and beat it well, but
not into holes, nor so as to look ragged. Sprinkle over pepper and
salt, then dredge with flour on both sides.

Have ready a hot frying-pan, lay in the steak and cover closely. The
juice of the meat will be sufficient to cook it. Turn often, as the
pan must be hot enough to scorch and make the steak and gravy brown.

Before it gets hard or overdone, butter liberally; place in a hot
dish. Pepper again, and, if preferred, pour over first one
tablespoonful pepper vinegar, then one tablespoonful made mustard, and
turn in over all the hot gravy. Sift powered cracker over and
serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Shred some dried beef, parboil it until it is sufficiently freshened,
drain off the water and add enough boiling water to cover it. Rub
equal quantities of butter and flour together until smooth, then add
to the beef. Beat up three eggs, yolks and whites together, stir these
in with a little pepper, a couple of minutes before taking from the
fire. This is to be served hot on toast.--_Mrs. F._


Take any piece of beef from the fore quarter, such as is generally
used for corning, and cook it tender in just water enough to have it
all evaporate in cooking. When about half done, put in salt enough to
season well, and half teaspoonful pepper. If the water should not boil
away soon enough, turn it off, and let the beef fry fifteen
minutes--it is better than the best roast beef. Take two
tablespoonfuls flour, adding the fat--when mixed, pour on the hot
juice of the meat. Serve with apple sauce.--_Mrs. D._


This is best when made of slices cut from an underdone roast, and
simmered in any liquor in which meat has been boiled, but if none is
at hand, use water instead--just covering the beef.

To a half dozen slices of the usual size, add:

     2 tablespoonfuls pepper vinegar.
     1 tablespoonful of made mustard.
     1 tablespoonful of acid fruit jelly.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful celery-seed.
     1 saltspoonful black pepper.
     1 raw turnip, grated or scraped fine.
     1 mashed Irish potato.
     Add minced onion and parsley.
     Boil up and serve.

Cold beefsteak or mutton chops, which are always unfit to appear upon
the table a second time, are delicious cut up in small pieces and
mixed or stewed separately in this way.--_Mrs. S. T._


Stuff the beef with shallots, thyme, parsley, chopped fine, slips of
bacon, pepper, salt and allspice. Then lay it in a pot with water
sufficient to keep it from burning before it is done. Thicken the
gravy with burnt flour and butter, and when it is served up, pour a
little wine over it and strew the top with allspice.--_Mrs. M. P._


Take scraps of raw beef, such as are not fit for boiling, cut very
fine, picking out all the strings, and put into a kettle, and more
than cover with cold water. Let it boil several hours, or until the
water is nearly all gone. Season with butter, pepper and salt. It is
rich and needs but little seasoning. Serve hot, as you would
hash.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1½ pounds lean beef, chopped fine.
     1 tablespoonful lard.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     With enough water to cook it.

After being well cooked, thicken gravy, and season with vinegar and
pepper.--_Mrs. H. D._


Put a fresh tongue in water sufficient to cover it, and let it simmer
six or seven hours. Skim the gravy well. Half an hour before dishing
it, add one-half wineglassful wine, one-half wineglassful walnut
catsup, a little mace, and a few cloves to the gravy, and stew awhile
together.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take a freshly salted tongue and boil tender; take out, and split it,
stick a few cloves in, cut up a small onion, put in some sticks of
mace, and a little brown flour.

Have water enough in a stewpan to cover the tongue; mix in the
ingredients, before putting in the tongue. Three hard-boiled eggs
chopped up fine and put in the stew. Add a glass of wine just before
taking up. Send to the table hot, garnished with hard boiled eggs cut
in rings.--_Mrs. L. C._


Take cold tongue that has been well boiled, mince fine, mix it well
with cream or a little milk, if there is no cream. Add the beaten yolk
of one egg and give it a simmer over the fire. Toast nicely some thin
slices of stale bread and, having buttered, lay them in a flat dish,
that has been heated, then cover the toast with the tongue and serve
up directly.--_Mrs. S._


Wash it well and clean all the blood carefully from the pipes; parboil
it ten or fifteen minutes in boiling water; drain and put in a
stuffing which has been made of bread crumbs, minced suet or butter,
thyme or parsley, salt, pepper, and nutmeg.

Put it down to roast while hot, baste it well with butter, and just
before serving, stir one tablespoonful currant jelly into the gravy.
To roast, allow twenty minutes to every pound.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Parboil the heart until nearly tender, then gash and stuff with rich
stuffing of loaf bread, seasoned with onion, salt, pepper, and sage.
Then put in a pan and bake, turning it several times. Baste with gravy
whilst baking.--_Mrs. J. H._


Soak the kidneys for several hours, put them on to boil until tender.
Roll them in flour, add a lump of butter the size of an egg, two
spoonfuls catsup--any kind will answer, though walnut is the best;
pepper and salt to the taste. Stew them until well seasoned.--_Mrs. P.


Cut into pieces and stew in water, with a nice addition of savory
herbs, pepper and salt, and a handful flour to thicken the gravy;
flavor and color the latter with burnt sugar.--_Mrs. H._


After plunging in boiling water, cut them in thin slices and fry in
hot butter; add pepper, salt, and toss them for a few minutes in rich
brown gravy.--_Mrs. M._


Trim and cut the kidney in slices; season them with salt and pepper,
and dredge well with flour; fry on both sides, and when done, lift
them out, empty the pan and make a gravy for them with a small piece
of butter, one dessertspoonful flour, pepper, salt, and a cup of
boiling water. Shake these around and give them a minute's simmering;
add a little tomato or mushroom catsup, lemon juice, vinegar, or any
good sauce to give it a flavor. Minced herbs are to many tastes an
improvement to this dish, to which a small quantity of onion may be
added when it is liked.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Prepare them as for stewing, cut each kidney in half and dip them in
egg beaten up with salt and pepper; bread-crumb them, dip them in
melted butter, bread-crumb them again, then grill before a slow fire;
serve with Worcestershire or some other sauce.--_Mrs. K._


Plunge some kidneys in boiling water; open them down the centre, but
do not separate them; peel and pass a skewer across them to keep them
open; pepper, salt, and dip them in melted butter.

Broil them over a clear fire on both sides, doing the cut side first;
remove the skewer, have ready some maître d'hote sauce, viz.: butter
beaten up with chopped parsley, salt and pepper, and a little lemon
juice. Put a small piece in the hollow of each kidney and serve
hot.--_Mrs. P._


Skin the liver, cut in slices and lay in salt water, as soon as it
comes from market. Fry in lard with pepper, very brown. Season to
taste.--_Mrs. C._


The slices must be cut thin, as they require some time to fry; brown
both sides; when taken up, add butter and salt to taste. Fry in hot
lard.--_Mrs. P. W._


Slice the liver rather thin, and throw into salt and water. Meantime
slice the onions and put into a deep frying-pan, just covered with
water, and boil until done, keeping it closely covered. When the water
has all boiled away, put in a heaping spoonful of sweet lard, and fry
until the onions are a light brown. Take them up in a deep plate; set
them on the back of the stove or range to keep hot, and fry the liver
in the same pan, adding more lard if there is not enough. Season all
with salt and pepper, cutting the liver in slices suitable to help one
person. Make a little mound of fried onions on each piece, grate
pounded cracker on the top, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Salt the liver well for four days; hang to smoke and dry. Cut in very
thin slices, and broil in pepper and butter.--_Mrs. W._


Cut the slices thin, scald them for some minutes, put them in a pan
with hot lard, and fry slowly till browned on both sides; add a little
salt and pepper. Take up the liver, and pour into the pan half a
teacup of water; let it boil a few minutes; put the liver back, stir
it up, and cover it up for a short time to keep it from being hard.

Kidneys can be cooked the same way, excepting you must add some
butter, as they are very dry.--_Mrs. P. W._


Have them thoroughly soaked in salt water to get the blood out. Put
them in a stewpan with water enough to cover them; boil half an hour,
pour off the water, and add one teacup of cream or milk, salt, pepper,
and butter the size of an egg. Boil well together for ten minutes,
when put into the dish. Add one tablespoonful vinegar.--_Mrs. P. W._


Lay in salt and water, then either scramble like eggs, or beat the
yolks of eggs with a little flour; dip the brains in and fry
them.--_Mrs. W._


Pour over the brains salt water, let them remain for an hour, changing
the water to draw the blood out, then pour over them some boiling
water and remove the skin. Beat up two eggs, and make a batter with a
little flour, bread crumbs and crackers. Season with pepper and salt.
Fry in hot lard.--_Mrs. P. W._


Soak the brains for several hours in weak salt water to get out the
blood; drain and put them in a saucepan and pour very little boiling
water on; simmer a few minutes. Handle them lightly, and arrange so as
to form round cakes, without breaking. Pepper them and use very little
salt; brains require very little salt. Have ready a beaten egg, and
cover the top of the cakes with it, using a spoon to put it on. Sift
over grated cracker and fry in hot lard; serve the other side the same
way. Keep closely covered while frying.--_Mrs. S. T._


Wash the brains of three heads very thoroughly, until they are free
from membraneous matter and perfectly white. Then scramble with three
eggs. When cold, roll into egg-shaped balls, with floured hands; dip
in beaten egg, then in cracker or stale bread crumbs, and fry in
lard.--_Mrs. R. L._


Empty the contents of the stomach of a fat beef; put it in boiling
water, one piece at a time, to prevent getting too hot. Scrape with a
sharp knife, then put it in a vessel of cold water with salt; wash
thoroughly, and change the salt water every day for four or five
consecutive days; when perfectly white, boil in a very clean vessel of
salt water. Then put it in vinegar until you wish to use it. Cut it in
pieces of three or four inches square, and fry in egg batter.--_Mrs.
J. H._


The moment the tripe is taken out, wash it thoroughly in many cold
waters. (If you have quick-lime, sift it over the dark inner coat, and
instantly scrape off the coat.) Cut it in four parts. Have ready
boiling water, dip and scrape until it becomes quite white. Prepare
weak brine with a considerable mixture of meal; let it soak a day.
Continue to shift it every day, and every other day scrape it; this
must be done for a week, and then make nice gruel, in which it must be
well boiled, first tying it up in a cloth. When boiled, take it out of
the cloth, and lay it in a weak brine for a night, after which it may
be put with the feet.--_Mrs. R._


Clean the tripe carefully. Soak several days in salt water, then in
clear water, changing several times. Cut in slices, boil perfectly
done, dip in a batter of egg (beaten light), milk and flour, or sift
meal over it. Fry or broil. Season with pepper and salt.


Cut the tripe after it has been boiled, into strips about four inches
wide and six long. Make a batter with two eggs, one teacup of flour
and a little milk. Pepper the tripe and roll it in the batter. Fry in
a pan of hot lard; as soon as one side is done, turn it over on the
other side.--_Mrs. P. W._


When the joint is done to a turn, dish it and place before the fire;
then carefully remove the fat from the dripping-pan, and pour the
gravy into the dish, not over the meat, as is the custom of
inexperienced cooks, who, moreover, ruthlessly drown it with a cupful
of boiling water or highly flavored made-gravy. This is an error, for
there is always a sufficient quantity of natural gravy in good meat to
render the use of foreign sauces superfluous.--_Mrs. P._


Take the gravy that drips from the meat; add a little water, one
spoonful butter, a little flour, a little pepper and a little salt.
Stew all together.--_Miss E. P._


Take ten pounds of beef, and four pounds pork, two-thirds lean and
one-third fat; chop very fine and mix well together. Season with six
ounces fine salt, one ounce black pepper, one-half ounce cayenne
pepper, and sage to the taste.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Take tough beef and run it through a sausage machine. Form the pulp
into shapes an inch thick, and the size of a common beefsteak. Season
to the taste.--_Mrs. C._


As soon as the beef is killed, throw the feet in cold water, and let
them remain during the night. In the morning, put them into a pot of
cold water and let them boil until you find you can easily take off
the hair and the hoof with a knife; take care as the water boils away
to replenish with boiling water. Have ready strong brine, not boiled
nor strong enough to bear an egg, and the moment the feet are
stripped, throw them in. Let them stand one night and in the morning
pour the brine from them and put to them a fresh brine, with a small
quantity of vinegar. In a day or two, they are fit for use.--_Mrs. R._


Buy the feet prepared at the butchers; boil well done. Season with
salt and pepper.

Have ready an egg batter; fry brown, and serve hot. A nice breakfast
dish.--_Mrs. R. L. O._


Have a batter made of eggs, flour, etc., as for tripe. Split the feet
into convenient shapes and fry in hot lard. Pour some vinegar over
them while frying.--_Mrs. P. W._


Take a beef shin, chop in several places to break the bone, keep it
cooking in just water enough to prevent burning, till it falls to

Then after taking out the bones, season with one heaping teaspoonful
flour rubbed into one tablespoonful butter, red and black pepper, salt
and celery seed.

Stew it long enough to cook the flour. Pour into a deep dish, cover
with a plate, and put weights on it to press it. Eat cold, as
souse.--_Mrs. C. M. A._


To two beef feet, put four gallons water; set on the fire at eight
o'clock in the morning. When the bones have dropped off add the half
of one large onion, two red peppers, and one sprig parsley, all
chopped fine.

Take another pot, put in two gallons water, in which cut up one-half
gallon nice pieces of beef, half an onion, one red pepper, parsley,
all chopped fine, and salt. When all has boiled to pieces, put all
together and let it boil half an hour. Press as souse cheese.--_Mrs.


     9 quarts salt.
     18 gallons water.
     2 pounds brown sugar.
     ½ pound saltpetre.

Boil and skim well. Let the beef get thoroughly cold, and let as much
as possible of the blood be drained out before putting it in the
brine. It may sometimes be necessary, in the course of a few months,
that the brine be boiled and skimmed a second time.

This quantity will suffice for about half of an ordinary sized
beef.--_Mrs. A. C._


For every hundred pounds of beef, take:

     6 pounds salt.
     2 pounds brown sugar.
     2 ounces saltpetre.
     3 or 4 ounces soda.
     1 ounce red pepper.

The whole to be dissolved in four gallons of water. The beef must be
closely packed in a barrel, and the mixture poured over so as to cover
it. Let it stand a week or ten days, or longer if the weather is cold;
then pour off the brine, boil it, and skim off the blood. Let it cool,
and pour back on the beef. Warranted to keep.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


One tablespoonful saltpetre to each tongue or piece of beef; rub this
in first, then a plenty of salt. Pack down in salt; after it has
remained ten or twelve days, put this, with a few pods of red pepper
cut up fine, in a brine of only salt and water, which has been boiled,
strained, and cooled, and strong enough to bear an egg. Wash a rock
clean and place on the beef or tongues, to keep them under the brine.
This will keep an indefinite length of time. Fit for use in two
weeks.--_Mrs. S. T._


     50 pounds meat.
     4½ pounds salt.
     1½ pounds brown sugar.
     ½ pound saltpetre.
     1 quart molasses.

Mix well, boil and skim. When milk-warm, pour it over the meat with a
ladle. The beef must be soaked in clear water and wiped dry, before
putting in the brine. It will be ready for use in a few weeks. Should
the brine mould, skim and boil again. Keep the meat under the
brine.--_Mrs. P. W._


Rub it well with salt and leave it alone four or five hours; pour off
the foul brine; take two ounces saltpetre beaten fine, and rub it all
over the tongue; then mix one-quarter of a pound brown sugar and one
ounce sal-prunella (the bay salt and sal prunella beat very fine), and
rub it well over the tongue. Let it lie in the pickle three or four
days; make a brine of one gallon water with common salt strong enough
to bear an egg, a half-pound brown sugar, two ounces saltpetre, and
one-quarter of a pound bay salt. Boil one quarter of an hour, skimming
well; when cold put in the tongue; let it lie in the pickle fourteen
days, turning it every day. When ready to use take it out of the
pickle, or hang it in wood smoke to dry.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


One tablespoonful saltpetre to each piece of beef, well rubbed in.
Then rub in as much salt as it will take. Let it stand ten or twelve
days, and then put it in strong brine. Will be ready for use in a
week.--_Mrs. Col. A. F._


Having a quarter of beef cut into proper size and shape for nice
roasting pieces, put it in a barrel of weak brine and let it remain
four days. Then make a brine that will bear an egg, to which add:

     ½ pound saltpetre.
     3 pounds brown sugar.

Transfer the beef to this barrel, cover closely, and let it remain a
week. Put a weight on the meat to insure its being kept under the
brine. Beef thus prepared in January will keep well through the month
of March, improving with the lapse of time. It is best served cold. A
valuable receipt for country housekeepers.--_Mrs. Wm. A. S._


To a round of beef weighing twenty-four pounds, take:

     3 ounces saltpetre.
     3 ounces coarsest sugar.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 nutmeg.
     ½ ounce allspice.
     3 handfuls salt.

Beat all into the finest powder; allow the beef to hang three or four
days; remove the bone, then rub the spices well into it, continuing to
do so every two or three days, for two or three weeks.

When to be dressed, dip it in cold water, to take off the loose
spices, bind it up tightly and put into a pan with a teacupful water
at the bottom. Sprinkle the top of the meat with suet, cover it over
with a thick batter, and brown paper over it. Bake five hours.--_Mrs.
T. C._


To a round of beef that weighs twenty-five pounds, take the following:

     3 ounces saltpetre.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 ounce nutmeg.
     1 ounce allspice.
     1 pint salt.

Let the round of beef hang in a cool, dry place twenty-four hours.
Take out the bone, and fill the space with suet and spices mixed. Rub
the above ingredients all over the _round_; put in a wooden box or
tub, turn it over occasionally and rub a small quantity of salt on it.
Let it remain three weeks. Then make a stiff paste of flour and water,
cover the _round_ with it and set in the oven. Bake three hours
slowly. Remove the paste when cold, and trim neatly the rough outside,
and slice horizontally. Served only when cold.--_Mrs. W. A. S._


Take three tablespoonfuls saltpetre, four tablespoonfuls brown sugar,
with which rub your beef well. Two teacups of salt, one teacup of
cloves, one teacup of allspice (the spice must be ground fine). Rub
the beef with these ingredients. Put it into a tub as near the size of
the beef as possible; turn it every day in the pickle it makes. In
about four weeks it will be ready for use. For thirty pounds use two
pounds beef suet. When cooked place sticks across the bottom of the
pot to prevent its burning.--_Mrs. R. L. P._


Take eight or ten pounds of the thin flank, remove any gristle, skin
or bones; rub it over with half ounce saltpetre, half ounce bay salt,
then rub it well in with a mixture of spices, the the following
proportions being used:

     1 ounce black pepper.
     1 ounce allspice.
     ½ ounce ground ginger.
     ¼ ounce cloves.
     1/8 ounce mace.

Use only as much as will suffice to rub the beef all over; then add
three ounces common salt, and quarter of a pound coarse sugar.

Let the beef remain a fortnight in this pickle, turning it and rubbing
it every day: then take it out, cover it with the spices and chopped
sweet herbs, roll it very tight, tie it with tape, put it into a pan
with half-pint water, and half-pound suet.

Bake it after the bread has been drawn, for six hours; put a heavy
weight upon it, and when cold take off the tape.


Wash it clean of the brine, sew it in a coarse towel and boil six to
eight hours. Do not remove the towel until next day; it is nicer to
put it in a round mould and gives it a good shape. When perfectly
cold, trim nicely and cut it across the grain.--_Mrs. P. W._


If the beef has been in brine long or has been dried, it must be
soaked in cold water twelve hours before boiling. If freshly cured it
is unnecessary. The beef should be put on in a large pot of water
early in the morning and simmer for hours. Set the pot at the back of
the range or stove, where it will gently boil during the preparation
of dinner. When it first commences to boil, take off the scum. After
it is thoroughly done, take off the boiler or pot. Set away with the
beef under the liquor to remain until next day, when it will be found
juicy and tender. With a sharp knife carefully trim, and garnish with
scraped horseradish and curled parsley.--_Mrs. S. T._


The flank is a nice piece to corn; though an ugly piece of meat, it
can be made a nice and delicious dish. Wash the flank clean, roll it
up as tight as you can, and tie it with strong cord in three places;
then sew it up in a coarse towel and put it on and boil from five to
six hours, according to size; take it out of the pot, but do not undo
it, put it on a dish or pan and put a weight on it; let it stand until
next day, then remove the cloth and strings; trim it, and you have a
nice dish.--_Mrs. P. W._


To a piece of beef weighing about twelve or fourteen pounds, you rub
in the following:

     1 pint salt.
     1 cup brown sugar.
     1 cup molasses.
     ½ teaspoonful pounded saltpetre.

Rub this well on the beef and turn it several times. At the end of ten
days drain it, rub bran on it, hang it up and smoke for several
days.--_Mrs. H. T._


This recipe keeps the meat moist, so that it has none of that
toughness dried beef mostly has when a little old. To every
twenty-eight or thirty pounds, allow one tablespoonful saltpetre, one
quart fine salt, mixed with molasses until the color is about that of
light brown sugar; rub the pieces of meat with the mixture, and when
done, let all stick to it that will. Pack in a keg or half-barrel,
that the pickle may cover the meat, and let it remain forty-eight
hours; at the end of that time, enough pickle will be formed to cover
it. Take it out and hang in a suitable place for drying. Allow all
the mixture to adhere to the meat that will.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Divide the ham into three parts; rub on half-pint molasses; let it
remain in this molasses a day and two nights, turning it over
occasionally during the time. Rub on then one handful salt and put it
back in the vessel with the molasses; turn it over, morning and night
for ten days. Hang it up to dry for one week, then smoke a little. It
is an excellent plan, after sufficiently smoked, to put each piece of
beef in a bag, to protect from insects, and keep hanging till
used.--_Miss K. W._


The best pieces are the brisket, the round and rib pieces that are
used for roasting. Put about the middle of February in brine. Rub
first with salt, and let them lie for a fortnight, then throw them in
brine and let them lay there three weeks, take them out and wipe dry:
rub them over with bran and hang in a cool place and dark, not letting
them touch anything. Should there come a wet season, put them in the
sun to dry a little.--_Mrs. R._


Take part of a loin of veal, the chump end will do. Put it into a
large, thick, well-tinned iron saucepan, or into a stew-pan, add about
two ounces of butter, and shake it over a moderate fire until it
begins to brown; flour the veal well over, lay it in a saucepan, and
when it is of a fine, equal light brown, pour gradually in veal broth,
gravy or boiling water, to nearly half its depth; add a little salt,
one or two sliced carrots, a small onion, or more when the flavor is
liked, and one bunch parsley.

Stew the veal very softly for an hour or rather more, then turn it and
let it stew for nearly or quite another hour or longer, should it not
appear perfectly done. A longer time must be allowed when the meat is
more than middling size. Dish the joint; skim all the fat from the
gravy and strain it over the meat, or keep the joint hot while it is
rapidly reduced to a richer consistency.--_Mrs. J._


First beat until tender, then lay the chops in a pan, pour in just
enough boiling water to barely cover them. Cover closely and simmer
till tender, sprinkling over after they are nearly done, with a little
pepper and salt. Lift from the pan, dry with a clean towel, butter
them, then cover with beaten egg, and sift on cracker crumbs. Lay on a
baking dish or pan and set in the stove to brown. Garnish and
serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Plunge into boiling water, dry with a clean cloth; rub well with
pepper and salt, then with butter. Dredge with flour, and put into a
pan with two teacups of boiling water, a slice of bacon or pork,
minced onion and parsley, pepper and salt. Set in a hot oven; simmer,
baste and brown. Veal is longer cooking than lamb. When a light brown,
with a pin, stick on a buttered paper to prevent dryness. Thicken the
gravy with brown flour, if brown gravy is wanted, but always with
mashed Irish potato if white gravy is desired.--_Mrs. S. T._


First beat until it is tender, then without washing lay on a gridiron
over coals; turn over it a tin plate to prevent hardness and dryness.
Turn the steak, and when well done, with a knife and fork press it and
turn it in a pan or plate of hot melted butter. After putting in plate
of hot butter and letting it absorb as much of the butter as possible,
lay it on a dish, pepper and salt it plentifully, and pour over the
melted butter. (Set in the oven a few minutes, but not long enough for
the butter to fry, which is ruinous to the flavor of steaks, game,
etc.) When done, sift over grated cracker. Garnish with parsley and
serve hot.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut the veal as if for steak or frying, put lard or butter in the pan,
and let it be hot. Beat up an egg on a plate and have flour on
another; dip the pieces first in the egg, then in the flour, on both
sides, and lay in the pan and fry until done, turning it carefully
once. This makes an excellent dish if well prepared. This way is
superior to batter.--_Mrs. D._

_Veal Cutlet._

Cut it in pieces the size of your hand, and lay in salt water some
little time. Take out and wipe dry. Put a small piece of lard in the
pan and sprinkle the cutlet with a very little flour, pepper, and
salt. Fry until nearly done. When it begins to brown, pour off the
lard, and pour in a little water, one large spoonful butter, and a
little celery-seed. Turn it over frequently.--_Mrs. W._

_Veal Cutlets._

Trim smoothly and beat till tender, sprinkle over pepper and salt;
then with a spoon spread over an egg beaten till thick, and cover
thickly with pounded cracker.

Have some hot lard ready in the frying-pan, put the cutlets on to fry,
with the prepared side down; when of a light yellow brown, dress the
other side the same way and fry, keeping closely covered. When they
are perfectly done (veal should never be rare), place in a hot dish;
pour one teacup of milk, one small piece of butter, pepper, salt, and
minced onion and parsley into the pan, stirring constantly. When it
boils up, pour into the dish and garnish with parsley. Always sift
browned cracker over such dishes.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil one pint milk and thicken it a little with one teaspoonful flour,
wet with cold water. When well boiled, put in very thin slices of
veal, and simmer slowly for fifteen minutes.

Have the yolk of an egg well beaten up, and add to the meat, also a
piece of butter.

Let it boil up once, stirring all the time, and serve it on toasted
slices of bread. A few slices of bacon, cut thin and fried to a crisp,
make a good relish with this dish.--_Mrs. G. P._


Cut some slices of cold veal into small bits or dice; take the cold
gravy and add to it a half-pint of boiling water, one teaspoonful
tomato or walnut catsup, the grated peel of one lemon, pepper and

Simmer it with the meat slowly for half an hour; then add half a
teaspoonful flour made into a thin batter and pour it into the gravy,
stirring it rapidly. Boil for ten minutes; turn in one-half cupful
cream, or same quantity of milk with a small piece of butter; let it
boil up. Serve on a hot platter garnished with sippets of fried
bread.--_Mrs. P._


     2 pounds chopped veal.
     ½ pound chopped pork.
     3 tablespoonfuls powdered cracker.
     1 tablespoonful sage.
     2 tablespoonfuls butter.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 teaspoonful mace.
     Salt to taste.
     1 egg well beaten and mixed in the ingredients.

Make up into a loaf or pone, and bake slowly three and a half hours.
This is an excellent dish to use with lettuce, etc., in the spring or
early autumn, when game is out of season. It is best to be made the
day before using.--_Mrs. R. R._


Two and a half pounds meat taken from fillet or shoulder, or wherever
the meat is free from fat. Take out all the little white, fibrous or
sinewy particles, and chop very finely, almost to a paste. Mix in
rolled cracker crumbs with one egg to hold it together, a little
butter, red and black pepper, and salt to taste.

Form into a small loaf; dredge with the cracker crumbs, and put
several little pieces of butter over the outside. Set this loaf
uncooked, with about one quart water or some broth, in a pan; put it
in the oven and baste constantly for two hours, and when taken out to
cool, pour any remaining liquid over the loaf. It ought to cut in
slices and be quite compact--no caverns in the inside of the
loaf.--_Mrs. G. P._


Take one and a half pounds veal, and half a pound of bacon, stew
together with very little water, a little salt and pepper, thyme and

When the veal is tender, cut into small square pieces, as also the

Boil four eggs hard and slice them up, and chop some raw parsley fine.

Take a mould or small bowl, lay the slices of egg in a kind of pattern
prettily at the bottom of it. Sprinkle the parsley between the slices.
Add veal, bacon, and more egg alternately, pepper and salt to taste,
and a little grated lemon-peel, also some more parsley, and so on
until the bowl is nearly full. Fill up with the gravy the veal was
boiled in, which ought to be very rich. Let it stand until quite cold,
then turn out on a flat dish. The slices cut firmer and more solid
when the cake is made the day beforehand, which it is best to do if
the weather permits.--_Mrs. R. P._


Three good throat sweetbreads will make a dish. Blanch them well and
lay in cold water, then take out and dry well. Add egg, bread crumbs,
and herbs.

Put on a dish and brown in an oven. Eat with mushroom or tomato
sauce.--_Mrs. R._


Soak, and put in boiling water for ten minutes.

Stew in cold water to blanch them.

They may be cut in slices or in dice and put in fricassee or meats, or
ragoûts, or used as a separate dish.--_Mrs. W._


Lay them in salt and water, after washing; parboil until done; drain,
dry, and split in half. Rub with butter, pepper and salt. Dip in one
egg beaten stiff. Sift over pounded cracker.

Butter a baking-dish, lay them in, and set in a hot oven to brown, or
fry until a light brown.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil eight feet until the meat leaves the bones, then remove them. Put
them in a pan with one-half pint of the rich gravy in which they are
boiled, and add two large spoonfuls butter.

Rub the yolks of three hard-boiled eggs with a small teaspoonful
mustard, a very little cayenne, and salt to the taste.

When well mixed with the egg, stir all together into the feet or
gravy. Let it simmer ten minutes, and just before dishing add two
wineglasses of good cooking wine and simmer again before
serving.--_Mrs. M. E. L. W._


Cut the liver in thin slices, wash it and let it stand in salt and
water half an hour to draw out the blood. Parboil in fresh salt and
water, and broil, basting frequently in butter. Lay on a hot dish with
a lump of butter.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Cut in thin slices. Season with pepper and salt, sweet herbs, and

Dredge with flour and fry brown with lard. Have it thoroughly done,
but it must not be hard; keep covered while frying.--_Mrs. R._


A calf's liver, as white as can be procured, flour, one bunch savory
herbs, including parsley, juice of a lemon; pepper and salt to taste,
a little water.

Cut the liver into slices of a good and equal shape. Dip them in flour
and fry brown. Place on a hot dish and keep before the fire while you
prepare the gravy. Mince the herbs fine and put into the frying-pan
with a little more butter; add the other ingredients with one
teaspoonful flour. Simmer gently until the herbs are done, and pour
over the liver.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


     3   pounds calf's liver, chopped fine.
     ¼ pound salt pork.
     1   cup grated bread crumbs.
     2   eggs well beaten.
     2   teaspoonfuls salt.
     2   teaspoonfuls black pepper.
     ½ teaspoonful red pepper.

Mix all well together, and put into a tin mould; set it in a pot of
cold water and let it boil two hours. Then set the mould in a cool
oven to dry off a little; when thoroughly cold turn it out.--_Mrs. J.


Wash calf's liver and heart thoroughly; chop them fine as possible,
after they have been boiled till very tender; then add pepper and
salt, and one tablespoonful flour, straining into it a little of the
water.--_Mrs. J. P. H._


Beat up the brains with a little lemon-peel cut fine, a little nutmeg
grated, a little mace beaten, thyme and parsley.

Shred fine the yolk of an egg, and dredge with flour. Fry in little
flat cakes and lay on top of the baked head.

If for soup, mix in one-half the brains with the soup while the soup
is boiling, and make the other in cakes and lay together with
forcemeat balls in the soup.--_Mrs. R._


Split the head, take out the brains, boil till it will fall to pieces.
Cut it up fine and season with pepper, salt and nutmeg to the taste;
add one-quarter pound of butter, wineglassful wine, and the brains,
which are not to be boiled with the head. Put in a dish and bake with
or without paste.--_Mrs. J. D._


Boil until tender, then cut into pieces and put into a deep dish with
pepper, salt, a few cloves, mace, a little thyme.

A spoonful butter with flour, well mixed through the meat, a layer of
bread crumbs on top. Then add a wineglass of wine and fill up the dish
with the water the head was boiled in, and bake three-quarters of an
hour. Garnish with forcemeat balls and rings of hard-boiled eggs, just
before sending to the table.--_Miss N._


After the head of a calf is skinned and the feet prepared by taking
off the hoofs, scraping, etc., throw them into cold water for
twenty-four hours. Put them in a boiler of cold water, and simmer
until the flesh leaves the bones and there is but little water left.

Throw in salt, pepper, minced onion, parsley, and thyme; take the meat
and bones out. Beat up two eggs until light, add two tablespoonfuls
cold water, then the liquor from the boiler. Stir all together, boil
up and strain on the meat from the head, which must first be cut up or
picked fine and chopped with six hard-boiled eggs, and seasoned to the
taste with the juice of one lemon and wineglass of jelly. This is set
aside in a mould or bowl and eaten cold with garnish of scraped
horseradish and parsley. The calves' feet make another good dish by
drying first, then dipping in batter made of an egg, one spoonful of
flour, one small teacupful milk, with a little salt, and
frying.--_Mrs. S. T._


When the weather will admit of it, mutton is better for being kept a
few days before cooking. The saddle, which is considered the finest
piece, consists of the back or loin and upper part of the hind legs.
In getting this nice roast, however, you spoil the hind quarter, as
the saddle takes some of the nicest parts of this and leaves it too
dry to cook by itself. The hind quarter and loin together make a very
nice dish--the latter being fat and juicy.

The fore quarter is sometimes cut by taking off the shoulder and
taking the rib-piece, making a piece called the brisket or breast, and
many persons esteem this the choicest part of the mutton. The ribs cut
next to the back are used for mutton chops.

When you have a large supply of mutton on hand, it is well to put the
hind quarters in brine, as you can thus corn them as nicely as beef.
As mutton spoils easily, this plan is very advisable.

Whilst boiled mutton is very nice, lamb is spoiled by this mode of
cooking. If lamb is to be roasted, it should be covered with the caul,
as the fat, dripping from this, will preserve the moisture of the

In carving the fore quarter of lamb, first take off the shoulder and
then cut the ribs in strips.

Lamb is seldom cut except in quarters, and when nicely cooked there is
nothing better. It should be four months old before being eaten. The
season for lamb is from May to August, whilst that for mutton is from
August to Christmas.


The hind quarter is the nicest part of the mutton to roast, and
requires longer to cook than lamb. Put it in a pot of boiling water
and let it simmer one hour. Lift it into a baking-pan, rub with salt
and pepper (too much salt makes the meat tough). Rub over it a little
lard and then dredge with flour: skim off the top of the water and
pour over it. Set it in a hot oven, basting frequently to prevent it
from being hard and dry; roast till thoroughly done. This is nice to
set aside for a cold dish, garnished with horseradish and eaten with
currant jelly.--_Mrs. P. W._


Choose young and tender mutton. Take off the shank--wash it well; let
it lie fifteen or twenty minutes in salt water to take the blood out.
Rub with little salt and pepper well. Lay on a grate, which will go
nicely in a baking-pan, over one pint boiling water; break the bones
of the shank in the water, adding more pepper and salt. Set it in a
very hot oven, and baste frequently to prevent it from being hard and
dry. When it is of a light brown, cover with sheets of buttered paper.
Place it on a dish; add minced parsley to the gravy, which should be
brown. Cover the roast with grated brown cracker and garnish at
intervals with chopped parsley; pour the gravy in the dish, not over
it. Mutton should always be perfectly done.--_Mrs. S. T._


Trim the joint carefully, roast it at a brisk, clear fire; baste
frequently, and when done dredge it plentifully with salt, and serve
with the gravy well freed from fat.


Make a paste of flour quite plain, mixed stiff with water, roll out as
for a meat pudding; break and turn in the shank bone; then cover the
leg of mutton carefully with the paste; tie up tight in a well-floured
cloth. Have ready sufficient boiling water, place in the joint, allow
ten minutes for checking the boiling, and twenty minutes for each
pound of meat. Carefully remove the paste, which can be done by one
cut longitudinally and one cut across. Strain the gravy and serve as


Dip a cloth in hot water, tie up the mutton and put in boiling water.
Boil slowly for two hours, or longer, if not kept constantly
boiling.--_Mrs. R._


After a leg of mutton has been washed and wiped dry, place in a cloth
that has been dipped in boiling water. Roll it up, pin and tie
securely; put in a pot of boiling water. Let it simmer several hours,
removing the scum that rises when it first begins to boil. If a small
leg of mutton, it will require a shorter time to cook than a large
one. Just before it is done, add enough salt to season it properly,
half an onion, and one heaping teaspoonful of black pepper. When this
has properly seasoned the meat, take from the fire, unwrap and drain.
Serve with drawn butter, adding capers or nasturtium seed, or if you
have neither, use chopped sour pickle instead. Mutton should always
be served with caper sauce, if possible.--_Mrs. S. T._


Meats are all better for being kept a day or two before cooking,
particularly mutton. If the mutton be tender, do not boil it, but put
it in a pan of water, set it on the stove, and cook slowly, basting
constantly with the gravy or water in the pan; with pepper and salt to
taste. Just before it is done, put some scraped horseradish over it,
and garnish the dish with the same; add a little ground mustard and
grated bread or cracker; pour the gravy over it, and grate bread over,
and set aside to cool. This is for cold mutton. All meats are better
for roasting before a fire than in a stove.--_Mrs. P. W._


This should be covered with paper, and carefully roasted or baked.
Season with a little pepper and salt; garnish with horseradish.


Reserve the drippings from the meat when it is roasting. After the
saddle is nicely cooked, let it get cold. Then take the white part of
the gravy and melt it to the consistency of cream. Pour this over the
saddle until it is covered with a white coat; if it appears rough,
warm an iron spoon and pass over it until it is smooth. Place it on a
dish, and dress the dish all round with vegetable flowers and curled
parsley, using the parsley to ornament the saddle also.--_Mrs. Judge


Mutton being less apt to keep than other meat, it is well, when you
have an over-supply, to corn it exactly as you would corn beef.--_Miss
R. S._


Take a small shoulder of mutton, rub it with

     2 ounces salt.
     2 ounces sugar.
     ½ ounce saltpetre.

After twenty-four hours, rub it again with the pickle; next day boil
this in paste like the leg of mutton. Serve smothered in onion sauce.


Get from your butcher nicely shaped mutton chops, not too long. Put
them into a pan with pepper and salt, and barely enough water to cover

Cover close and simmer till done; drain, wipe dry; pepper, salt and
butter them; with a spoon, cover with an egg beaten stiff. Sift over
pounded crackers. Put in a pan and set in an oven to brown.--_Mrs. S.


Place in a pan tomatoes peeled and chopped; season with butter,
pepper, sugar, and salt.

Take from your gridiron some nicely broiled mutton chops; put into a
pan, cover close, and simmer for fifteen minutes. Lay the chops on a
hot dish, put on a little butter, pepper and salt.

With a spoon, cover each chop with tomatoes. Sift over pounded cracker
and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut the steaks; pepper and salt them. Broil them lightly on both
sides; take them off the gridiron, lay them on a spider. Slice up one
large onion and stew until it becomes tender; put a layer between each
chop and stew until they become tender. Take out the steaks, cover
them closely or tilt the gravy to the side of the vessel, till it is
brown; stir in a lump of butter.--_Mrs. A. P._

_Mutton Chop._

Mushroom catsup is a nice flavoring. Put pepper and salt on the chops
and lay them in melted butter; when they have imbibed sufficient, take
out and cover with grated bread crumbs and broil.--_Mrs. R._


Beat the mutton chops till tender; then trim, making them of uniform
size and shape; pour on them boiling water. Let them remain in it a
minute, dry them and rub with pepper, salt, and fresh butter. Lay on a
gridiron over hot coals, always remembering to cover them while
broiling. Turn them, and as soon as nicely browned place in a hot
dish, pepper again, pour over them melted butter, and serve.--_Mrs. S.


Cut slices of rare mutton and put on to stew in a little water; when
nearly done put in--

     1 teacup of sweet pickle vinegar.
     3 large spoonfuls jelly.
     A little salt.
     1 teaspoonful mustard.
     ½ teacup of walnut catsup.
     Butter size of an egg.

Stew slowly a short time.--_Mrs. F. D._

_Mutton Stew._

Slice cold mutton or lamb, lay it in a baking dish; put in--

     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 teaspoonful red pepper.
     1 teaspoonful celery-seed, pounded.
     Rather more than 1 teaspoonful each of pounded cloves, cinnamon
       and mace.
     1 teacup of yellow pickle vinegar.
     1 glassful wine.

Slice up a little yellow pickled cucumber, sugar to taste, one-quarter
pound butter, one roll of light bread broken in small pieces or cut in
little slices, and toasted before used.

In preparing this dish put a layer of the meat and seasonings

The peppers, celery-seed, cloves, cinnamon, and mace must all be
pounded fine.--_Mrs. C._


Cut some rather thick slices of underdone cold mutton, score them well
and rub in plentifully some common mustard, salt, and cayenne pepper;
then broil them over a clear fire, and serve with onion sauce.


Boil them till the skin can be taken off; split them, and put them
into a stew-pan, with some gravy, parsley, mushrooms, and one minced
shallot, and some butter, some pepper, and salt.

Stew till tender, and strain the gravy over them; or they may be
glazed and served with the gravy under them. Sheep's tongues may also
be skinned, larded, braised, and glazed; and served with onion sauce.


The hind quarter is the nicest piece for roasting. Drop it in a pot of
boiling water; boil half an hour, put it in a pan, dredge it with
lard, pepper, flour, a little salt; skim the top of the water in which
it is boiled, and pour over it; as soon as the gravy accumulates in
the pan keep it basted frequently to prevent it from being hard and
dry. Lamb should be cooked done to be good.--_Mrs. P. W._


Half boil it, score and cover it with egg, crumbs, and parsley
seasoned as for cutlets. Broil it over a very clear, slow fire, or
put it in a Dutch oven to brown it; serve with any sauce that is
liked. A breast of lamb is often grilled in the same way.


Parboil the head and haslet (the liver excepted); cut the meat in
slices from the head; slice the heart, tongue, etc., and fricassee as
for chicken. Have the liver fried in slices with the sweetbreads and
slices of bacon and bunches of parsley. Pour the fricassee into the
dish, and garnish with the fried pieces.--_Mrs. R._


Boil the head and liver, but so as not to let the liver be too much
done. Take up the head, split it through the bone, which must remain
with the meat on. Cut the meat across and across with a knife, grate
some nutmeg on it and lay it on a dish before a good fire; then throw
over it some grated bread crumbs, some sweet herbs, some allspice, a
little lemon peel chopped fine, a very little pepper and salt. Baste
it with butter, and dredge a little flour over it.

Just as it is done, take one-half the liver, the lights, the meat, the
tongue; chop them small with six or eight spoonfuls water or gravy.
First shake some flour over the meat and stew it together; then put in
the gravy or water, a good piece of butter rolled in a little flour,
pepper and salt, and what runs from the head in the dish. Simmer all
together a few minutes, and add half a spoonful of vinegar; pour it on
the head. Lay the head on the centre of the mince-meat; have ready the
other half of liver, cut in pieces and fried quickly with slices of
bacon and lemon; lay these around the dish and serve.--_Mrs. T._


The day before giving a dinner or evening entertainment, gather up
medium and small sized pure white and yellow turnips, carrots, red and
pink beets, the different colored radishes. From these the most
beautiful flowers can be cut; camellias, roses, dahlias, tulips,
tuberoses, etc. No explicit directions can be given except, first,
smoothly to pare each vegetable, taking care not to keep them too near
the fire, which will cause them to wilt and lose the waxy freshness
which makes them so beautiful. Each flower may be laid on a cluster of
green leaves or curled parsley, and over the cold meats, and around
the edge of the dish.

The cutting of these flowers makes a charming and interesting pastime
for the young members of the family, in the evening before.--_Mrs. C.


In summer, kill and dress the poultry the day beforehand, except
chicken for frying, which is not good unless killed the same day it is

The best way to kill a fowl is to tie it by its legs, hang it up, and
then cut off its neck. In this way, it dies more quickly, suffers
less, and bleeds more freely.

It is best to pick fowls dry; though, if you are pressed for time, you
may facilitate the picking of chickens, as well as of partridges and
other small birds, by putting them first into water, hot, but not
boiling. Then take off the feathers carefully, so as not to break the
skin. Never scald a turkey, duck or goose, however, before picking.

To draw the crop, split the skin of all poultry on the back of the
neck. Pull the neck upward and the skin downward, and the crop can be
easily pulled out. Then cut off the neck close to the body, leaving
the skin to skewer at the back of the neck after the dressing has been
put in. Make an incision under the rump lengthwise, sufficient to
allow the entrails to be easily removed. Be careful not to break the
gall, and to preserve the liver whole. Cut open the gizzard, take out
the inner skin, and wash both carefully. Wash the bird inside several
times, the last time with salt and water. Some persons object to using
water inside or outside, but I consider it more cleanly to wash the
bird first and then wipe it dry with a clean towel. It should then be
hung with the neck downwards till ready to cook.

The head, neck, and feet, after being nicely washed and the bones in
them broken, should be stewed in the gravy, as they make it much

It is said that throwing chickens into cold water immediately after
they have finished bleeding, and allowing them to remain there ten or
fifteen minutes, will make them deliciously tender, which can be
accounted for scientifically. Frozen fowls or game should be thawed
gradually, by being laid in cold water. If cooked without being
thawed, it will require double time, and they will not be tender nor

The tests by which you may tell the age of a turkey are these. An old
turkey has rough and red legs, and if a gobbler, long spurs, while
young turkeys have black legs, and if gobblers, small spurs. The
fatter they are and the broader their breasts, the better. When
dressed, the skin should be a yellowish white, and, if tender, you may
easily rip it with a pin. If, when you bend back the wings, the sinews
give and crack, this is another test of the turkey being young, and
the same test will apply to other fowls. The bill and feet of an old
goose are red and hairy. A young goose has pen feathers and its flesh
is whiter than that of an old one.

If young, the lower part of a hen's legs and feet are soft and smooth,
while a young cock has small spurs. When dressed, the flesh should be
white and the fat a pale yellow. Turn the wing back, and if the sinews
snap it is a sign the chicken is young.

A few words on the subject of carving may not be out of place here. A
sharp knife, with a thin and well tempered blade is essential to good
carving. In carving a turkey, cut off first the wing nearest to you,
then the leg and second joint, then slice the breast till a rounded,
ivory-shaped piece appears. Insert the knife between that and the
bone, and separate them. This part is the nicest bit of the breast.
Next comes the merry-thought. After this, turn over the bird a little,
and just below the breast you will find the oyster, which you will
separate as you did the inner breast. The side bone lies beside the
rump, and the desired morsel can be taken out without separating the
whole bone. Proceed with the other side in the same way. The fork need
not be removed during the whole process.

Chicken and partridges are carved in the same way.


Wash nicely in and out. Plunge into boiling water ten minutes. Have
ready a dressing of

     Bread crumbs.
     Hard boiled eggs, chopped fine.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     Minced parsley, thyme and celery.

After rubbing the cavity well with salt and pepper and putting in a
slice of pork or bacon, fill with the above dressing. Do the same also
to the crop, so as to make the turkey look plump. Rub the turkey well
with butter and sprinkle salt and pepper over it. Dredge with flour.
Lay in the pan with a slice of pork or bacon and a pint of boiling
water. Lay the liver and gizzard in the pan with it. Put in a hot
oven, basting and turning frequently till every part is a beautiful
brown. When the meat is amber color, pin a buttered sheet of writing
paper over it to keep it from becoming hard and dry. Cook three or
four hours. Season the gravy with minced parsley and celery and serve
with cranberry sauce.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Roast Turkey._

Wash the turkey thoroughly inside and out, having removed the
insides. Make a dressing of bread soaked in cold water, drained and
mashed fine, a small piece of melted butter or salt pork chopped,
pepper and salt, sweet herbs, a hard boiled egg, chopped fine.

Any kind of cooked meat is good, minced fine and added to the
dressing. The body and crop must be filled with the dressing and sewed
up. The giblets ought to be boiled tender, if they are to be used. Use
the water in which they are boiled, for gravy, adding a little of the
turkey drippings, seasoning with pepper, salt, and sweet herbs, and
thickening with a little flour and water, mixed smoothly. Place where
it will boil.

When the fowl is put on to roast, put a little water into the
dripping-pan. At first it should be roasted slowly and basted
frequently. Tie up the wings and legs before roasting, and rub on a
little butter and salt. Serve with drawn butter.--_Mrs. W._

_Roast Turkey._

Put the gizzard, heart and liver in cold water and boil till tender.
When done, chop fine and add stale bread, grated, salt and pepper,
sweet herbs, if liked, two eggs well beaten.

Fill the turkey with this dressing, sew the openings, drawing the skin
tightly together. Put a little butter over the turkey and lay it upon
the grate of your meat-pan. Cover the bottom of the pan well with
boiling water. In half an hour, baste the turkey by pouring over it
the gravy that has begun to form in the pan. Repeat this basting every
fifteen minutes. In an oven of average temperature, a twelve-pound
turkey will require at least three hours' cooking.--_Mrs. A. D._


Truffles must be peeled, chopped and pounded in a mortar; one and a
half pound will do for one turkey. Rasp the same amount of fat bacon
and mix with the truffles and stuff the turkey with it. This dressing
is usually placed in the turkey two days beforehand, to impart its
flavor to the fowl. Lay thin slices of fat bacon over the breast of
the turkey, cover it with half a sheet of white paper, and roast two
hours. Chestnuts dressed in the same way as truffles are found an
excellent substitute.--_Mrs. S. G._


Wash well with cold water, then put on in milk-warm water, either tied
in a coarse cloth dredged with flour or with a half-pound of rice in
the water. Keep well under water, and boil slowly three hours, adding
salt just before it is done. When perfectly done and tender, take out
of the pot, sprinkle in the cavity a little pepper and salt, and fill
with oysters stewed just enough to plump them, and season, with
butter, pepper, salt and vinegar. Place in a dish and set in a steamer
to keep hot. Strain the liquor in which the oysters were scalded, add
drawn butter, chopped celery, parsley and thyme; pour over the turkey,
and serve. If not convenient to use oysters, use egg and butter sauce.
Garnish with sliced lemons.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Boiled Turkey._

Prepare the turkey as for roasting. Tie it in a cloth or boil rice in
the pot with it, if you wish it to look white. It is improved by
boiling a pound or two of salt pork with it. If soup is made of the
liquor, let it stand till next day and skim the fat. Season after
heating.--_Mrs. W._


Rub butter, pepper and salt inside the turkey after it has been well
washed, fill with oysters, sew up, lay in a dish and set in a steamer
placed over boiling water. Cover closely and steam from two hours to
two and a half. Take up, strain the gravy which will be found in the
dish. Have an oyster sauce ready, prepared like stewed oysters, and
pour into it this gravy thickened with a little butter and flour. Let
it come to a boil and whiten with a little boiled cream. Pour this
over the steamed turkey and send to the table hot. Garnish with
sliced lemons.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut up the meat very fine. Stew the bones in a little water, then stir
into this water the meat, adding a large tablespoonful butter, a cup
of cream, salt and pepper, a little chopped parsley, thyme or celery
(or else a very few celery-seeds). Stew all together.--_Mrs. R._


Place the legs and wings (jointed) on a gridiron. Broil slowly. Have
ready a sauce made of--

     1 tablespoonful pepper vinegar.
     1 tablespoonful made mustard.
     1 tablespoonful celery sauce.
     1 tablespoonful acid fruit jelly.
     A little salt and pepper.

Lay the broiled turkey on a hot dish. Pour the dressing and sift
pounded cracker over it.--_Mrs. S. T._


Mash smoothly six good-sized boiled Irish potatoes. Chop a small onion
very fine and fry a light brown, in a frying-pan, with a
dessertspoonful lard. Then add the potatoes with salt and pepper, and
a lump of butter as large as a walnut. To this add one well beaten
egg, stirring till perfectly dry. If for geese or ducks, add a little
sifted sage and a small quantity of red pepper.--_Mrs. McG._


The turkey must be full grown, moderately fat, and picked dry. Do not
remove the entrails. Cut off the neck about one inch from the body.
Take off the wings above the second joint and cut off the legs as
usual. With a sharp pointed knife, split the skin from the end of the
neck to the rump. Run the knife between the bones and flesh on one
side, till you come to where the wing and leg join the body. Twist
the wing and raise it, cracking the joint. Separate it from the body.
Then proceed with the leg in the same way, on the same side. Run the
knife between the bones and flesh till you reach the breast bone.
Repeat this on the other side. Take out the craw. Carefully run a
sharp knife under the rump, detaching it from the bone without cutting
the skin, as it must come off with the flesh. Hold the turkey by the
neck and pull the skin carefully down, until the upper part of the
breast bone is uncovered. Cut the flesh from the bone on both sides,
till the end of the bone is nearly reached. The turkey must now be
laid on the back and held by the neck, the front of the turkey being
toward you. Take hold of the skin of the neck with the left hand,
pulling downwards with a knife in the right hand, separate the skin
from the end of the bone. The whole of the turkey is now detached from
the carcass. Lay it on a table with the skin down. Pull the bones from
the wings and legs, first running the knife around so as to leave the
flesh. Pull out all the tendons of the legs. Push them and the wings
inside. Cut off the ring under the rump. All this must be done slowly
and carefully. Have ready a half-dozen slices of salt pork, and a
salad made of shoat, veal or lamb, chopped and seasoned, as turkey
salad, with celery, etc. Mix with this salad three or four large Irish
potatoes, boiled and mashed, with a spoonful of butter. Now lay the
turkey on the table, inside up and the neck from you; pepper and salt
it; lay three or four slices of pork on it, then a layer of the salad;
pork again and salad alternately until filled; draw the two sides
together and sew it up, giving it as near as possible its proper
shape. Sew it up carefully in a cloth, place in a kettle of the proper
shape, cover with boiling water, adding the broken bones, three pounds
fresh lean beef, parsley, thyme, onions and two dozen whole black
peppercorns, with salt to the taste. Simmer three hours, then take it
from the water and remove the towel. Carefully remove all
discolorations and settlings of the water from the turkey. Scald a
clean cloth, wrap it up again; place it on its back, put a dish over
it with a weight on it and set it in a cool place till next day.
Unwrap and remove the twine with which it was sewed. Glaze it with a
little meat jelly; just before the jelly congeals sift over a little
cracker browned and pounded; decorate with meat jelly and serve.
Directions for preparing meat jelly follow.--_Mrs. S. T._


As soon as the water in which the turkey was boiled is cold, take off
all the fat and strain it, put it in a porcelain-lined kettle; two
ounces gelatine, three eggs, with shells, a wine-glass of sherry, port
or madeira wine; stir well. Add one quart of the strained liquor; beat
rapidly with an egg-beater, put it on the fire and stir until it
boils. Simmer ten or fifteen minutes. Sprinkle in a pinch of turmeric
and strain just as any other jelly. When congealed break it up and
place around the turkey. Cut some in thick slices and in fanciful
shapes with paste cutters. Place some of these lozenges over the
turkey and border the edges of the dish with them.--_Mrs. S. T._


These, whether for boiling or roasting, should have a dressing
prepared as for turkeys. Six spoonfuls of rice boiled with the
chickens will cause them to look white. If the water is cold when they
are put in, they will be less liable to break. They are improved by
boiling a little salt pork with them. If not thus boiled, they will
need salt.

For broiling, chickens should be split, the innards taken out, and the
chickens then washed. Broil very slowly till done, placing the bony
side down; then turn it and brown the other side. Forty minutes is the
medium time for broiling a chicken.

For roast chicken, boil the gizzard and liver by themselves, and use
the water for gravy.--_Mrs. Col. W._


Chicken should never be cooked the same day it is killed. Wash well
with cold water, then pour boiling water over it and into the cavity.
Rub the latter with salt and pepper, and fill with a dressing made of
bread soaked in water and squeezed out, a tablespoonful butter, a
little salt, pepper and parsley.

Rub the chicken well with butter. Sprinkle pepper and salt over it and
dredge with flour. Lay it into a pan with a slice of pork or bacon and
a pint of water. Let it simmer slowly two hours, basting and dredging
frequently. Turn the chicken so each part may be equally browned. Add
chopped thyme and parsley to the gravy.

Some persons think ground ginger a more delicate flavoring for the
dressing than pepper.--_Mrs. S. T._


Never boil the same day the chicken is killed. Soak them overnight in
weak salt and water. Place in a kettle of water, with a handful of
rice and a little milk to make the chicken white. Simmer slowly two or
three hours, removing the scum that rises when the chicken first
begins to boil. Keep under the water, with an inverted deep plate.
Just before taking off the fire, add salt to the taste. Lay on a hot
dish near the fire. Skim off the fat from the top of the liquor,
strain it and add chopped celery, parsley and thyme, drawn butter, a
little pepper and salt, or, if preferred, six hard-boiled eggs chopped
fine.--_Mrs. S. T._


Soak two hours, in salt and water, a fat young pullet. Drain and dry.
Rub in the cavity a little salt and pepper and a large lump of butter.
Fill with large, plump oysters, seasoned with pepper and salt, and sew
up. Lay the chicken on a dish or pan, and set it inside a steamer,
which close and keep over boiling water four hours. When thoroughly
done, lay on a dish and pour over it drawn butter or celery sauce.
Garnish with curled parsley, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Kill the day before it is smothered. Split open the back, as if to
broil. When ready to cook, wipe dry with a clean towel, rub well with
butter and sprinkle with pepper and salt. Put in a pan with a slice of
bacon or pork and a pint of water. Simmer an hour or more, basting
frequently. When thoroughly done, place on a hot dish.

Stir into the gravy remaining on the fire a beaten egg, mixing it
carefully. Pour this into the dish, but not on the chicken. Sift over
it cracker, first browned and then pounded. Garnish with parsley, and
serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut up the chicken as if to fry, adding the prepared head and feet.
Soak in weak salt and water. If for dinner, do this immediately after

An hour and a half before dinner, put in a saucepan, covering well
with water. Let it simmer slowly for one hour. Take it out with a fork
and lay in a bowl. Add a teacup milk and half a teaspoonful black
pepper to the liquor. Let it boil up and strain on the chicken. Rinse
the saucepan and return all to the fire. Beat one egg with a
tablespoonful of flour and one of milk until quite smooth. Mince some
parsley, thyme, and a very little onion, and stir all into the
saucepan. Then put in a tablespoonful of butter. Stir around and pour
into a dish in which small pieces of toast have been neatly arranged.
Garnish with curled parsley.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Stewed Chicken._

Cut up and lay in salt and water. Put them in water enough to cover
them, with some slices of middling. Let them boil till nearly done.
Then put in the dumplings, made like biscuit but rolled thin, and let
them boil till done. Roll a piece of butter in flour, with pepper,
salt, chopped parsley and celery, or a little celery-seed. When the
gravy is thick enough, pour in a teacup of cream or milk, and let it
boil up once. Take off the fire and serve hot.--_Mrs. Col. W._


This dish is best when the chicken is killed the same day it is fried.
Cut off the wings and legs, cut the breast in two, and also the back.
Wash well and throw in weak salt and water, to extract the blood. Let
it remain for half an hour or more. Take from the water, drain and dry
with a clean towel, half an hour before dinner. Lay on a dish,
sprinkle a little salt over it, and sift flour thickly first on one
side and then on the other, letting it remain long enough for the
flour to stick well. Have ready on the frying-pan some hot lard, in
which lay each piece carefully, not forgetting the liver and gizzard.
Cover closely and fry till a fine amber color. Then turn over each
piece and cover well again, taking care to have the chicken well done,
yet not scorched. Take the chicken up and lay in a hot dish near the
fire. Pour into the gravy a teacup of milk, a teaspoonful of butter, a
saltspoon of salt, and one of pepper. Let it boil up and pour into the
dish, but not over the chicken. Put curled parsley round the edge of
the dish and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Fried Chicken._

Kill the chicken the night before, if you can, and lay on ice, or else
kill early in the morning. When ready, wipe dry, flour it, add pepper
and salt, and fry in a little lard. When nearly done, pour off the
lard, add one-half teacup water, large spoonful butter, and some
chopped parsley. Brown nicely and serve. Meal mush fried is nice with
the chicken.--_Mrs. Col. W._


Fry till a light brown. Then add some tomatoes, cut in small pieces,
with the juice. Strain the tomatoes from the seed, season them with
salt, pepper, a little sugar, and let them stew.--_Mrs. J. B. D._


Wash and joint the chicken; place the pieces in a stew-pan with the
skin side down. Sprinkle salt and pepper on each piece. Add three or
four slices of pork, stew till tender, take them out and thicken the
liquor with flour, and add a piece of butter the size of a hen's egg.
Replace the chicken in the pan and let it stew five minutes longer.
When it is taken up, soak in the gravy some pieces of toast, put them
on plates and lay the chicken on the toast, pouring the gravy over it.
To brown the chicken, stew till tender, without the pork; brown the
pork, take that up, then put in the chicken and fry a light
brown.--_Mrs. Col. W._


Kill the chicken the day before using, split open in the back, nicely
clean, and, if the weather is warm, slightly sprinkle with salt. If
for breakfast, half an hour before press between the folds of a clean
towel till dry, grease well with fresh butter, sprinkle with pepper
and salt and lay on a gridiron, over hot coals, with the inside of the
chicken down. Let it cook principally from this side, but turn often
till the outside of the chicken is of a bright, yellow brown. When
thoroughly done, pour over it melted butter, sprinkle pepper, and sift
pounded or grated cracker.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut up the chicken and place in a deep oven with one large spoonful of
lard. Let it brown a little and add one onion, parsley, thyme, sage
and black pepper, to suit the taste. Pour on it a cupful boiling
water, stir well and let it simmer till well cooked. Just before
taking from the fire, rub together:

     1 cup cream.
     1 spoonful butter.
     Yolks of 2 hard-boiled eggs.
     1 grated nutmeg and other spices to the taste.

Stir well and pour in a pan lined with a paste.--_Mrs. A. C._

_Chicken Pie._

Make into a paste one quart of flour with the weight of four eggs in
butter and a large spoonful of lard. Put the paste in a deep dish,
lining the bottom and side with chicken interspersed with layers of
very thin bacon. Add some large crumbs, some pepper, and a
quarter-pound butter. Fill the dish with cold water, and yolks of four
or six hard-boiled eggs, then dredge with flour and put on the top
crust. Let it bake gradually. It will take two hours to bake.--_Mrs.
Col. W._


Cut up the chicken and stew it a little, after which lay the pieces in
a buttered dish with a few bits of butter, a little pepper and salt,
and a little of the water in which the chicken was stewed.

Make a batter of one quart milk, five eggs, a little salt. Pour this
batter over the chicken, and bake half an hour.--_Mrs. A. B._

_Chicken Pudding._

     10 eggs beaten very light.
     1 quart rich milk.
     ¼ pound melted butter.
     Pepper and salt to the taste.

Stir in enough flour to make a thin, good batter. Put four young
chickens, nicely prepared and jointed, in a saucepan, with some salt
and water and a bundle of thyme or parsley. Boil till nicely done,
then take up the chickens and put in the batter. Put all in a deep
dish and bake. Serve with gravy in a boat.--_Mrs. Dr. C._


Cut up a young chicken as if to fry, and parboil it. Boil and mash
Irish potatoes. Beat up three or four eggs, add to the potatoes, and
thin with milk. Season with butter, pepper and salt, stir in the
chicken, and bake it.

Boiled rice is a good substitute for potatoes.--_Mrs. E. W._

N. B.--Most of the recipes given for turkey apply to pea-fowl, and
most of those given for chicken may be used for guinea fowl.--_Mrs. S.


A goose must never be eaten the same day it is killed. If the weather
is cold, it should be kept a week before using. Before cooking let it
lie several hours in weak salt and water, to remove the strong taste.
Then plunge it in boiling water, for five minutes, if old. Fill the
goose with a dressing made of:

     Mealy Irish potatoes, boiled and mashed fine.
     A small lump of butter.
     A little salt or fresh pork chopped fine.
     A little minced onion.
     Parsley, thyme, and a pinch of chopped or powdered sage.

Grease with sweet lard or butter. Lay in a pan with the giblets, neck,
etc. Pour in two teacups of boiling water, set in a hot oven, and
baste frequently. Turn so that every part may be equally browned.
Serve with gravy or onion sauce.

The above recipe will answer equally as well for duck.--_Mrs. S. T._


Plunge the goose into a pot of boiling water and let it remain half an
hour. Fill with a stuffing made of:

Mashed Irish potatoes, a heaping tablespoonful butter, minced onions,
sage, parsley and thyme, half a teaspoonful black pepper.

Place it in a pan with a slice of fat pork and a pint of broth or
liquor in which any kind of meat has been boiled.

Mix two tablespoonfuls pepper vinegar, celery vinegar, made mustard,
and one of acid fruit jelly. Butter the breast of the goose and pour
this mixture over it, adding salt and pepper to the taste.

Place in a hot oven, dredge with flour and baste frequently till done;
when serve with its own gravy. This receipt will answer equally as
well for wild goose.--_Mrs. S. T._


Kill and hang to drain. Plunge, one at a time, in boiling water, then
immediately in cold water, which makes them easier to pick. Kill some
days before using, or if obliged to use them the same day as killed,
they are better roasted.--_Mrs. R._


Truss the ducks and stuff them with bread, butter, and onion. Flour
them and brown them in lard. Have prepared slips of bacon, giblets,
onion, water, pepper, salt, and a little clove or mace, if you like.
Put in the ducks and let them stew gently but constantly for two
hours. Then add the juice of green grapes or of a lemon, or else a
little lemon pickle. Flour the ducks each time you turn them, and
thicken with butter rolled in flour.--_Mrs. Col. W._


In making salads, be careful to add the vinegar last. Where oil cannot
be obtained, fresh butter, drawn or melted, is an excellent substitute
and is indeed preferred to oil by some persons, epicureans to the
contrary notwithstanding. Always use good cider vinegar in making
salads, as chemical vinegar is sometimes very unwholesome. Much
depends on the rotation in which you mix the ingredients for a salad,
so I would call particular attention to the directions given on this
point on the subsequent pages.


     ½ gallon fresh oysters.
     The yolks of four hard-boiled eggs.
     1 raw egg, well whipped.
     2 large spoonfuls salad oil or melted butter.
     2 teaspoonfuls salt.
     2 teaspoonfuls black pepper.
     2 teaspoonfuls made mustard.
     1 teacup good vinegar.
     2 good sized pickled cucumbers, cut up fine.
     Nearly as much celery as oysters, cut up into small dice.

Drain the liquor from the oysters and throw them into some hot vinegar
on the fire; let them remain until they are _plump_, not cooked. Then
put them at once into clear cold water; this gives them a nice plump
look and they will not then shrink and look small. Drain the water
from them and set them away in a cool place, and prepare your
dressing. Mash the yolks as fine as you can and rub into it the salt,
pepper, and mustard, then rub the oil in, a few drops at a time. When
it is all smooth, add the beaten egg, and then the vinegar, a spoonful
at a time. Set aside. Mix oysters, celery, and pickle, tossing up well
with a silver fork. Sprinkle in salt to your taste. Then pour dressing
over all.--_Mrs. E. P. G._


If the salmon salad is made of the fish preserved in cans, drain it
from the oil and mince the meat fine. Cut up one third as much lettuce
or celery.

For one box of salmon, boil four eggs hard; lay them in cold water a
few minutes, shell and separate the whites from the yolks; lay the
whites aside. Mash the yolks smooth with two tablespoonfuls sweet
olive oil or one teacup sweet rich milk or cream. The oil makes the
smoothest and best paste. Dissolve in one teacup vinegar,

     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     2 or more teaspoonfuls fine mustard.
     Pepper to the taste.

Mix this with the paste and toss lightly over the meat with a silver
fork. Ornament the dish in which it is served with the green leaves of
the celery, or with curled parsley and the whites of eggs cut in

Lobster salad is prepared in the same way. Take the nicest parts of
the lobster.--_Mrs. C. C._


Chop up one can of lobsters; cut in small pieces as much celery. Then
cream with one teacup butter, one tablespoonful mustard, one
tablespoonful sugar, one teaspoonful salt, and yolks of four
hard-boiled eggs, rubbed smooth; stir in five tablespoonfuls pepper
vinegar (simply pepper steeped in vinegar and sweetened with a little
sugar), and pour the mixture over the lobster and celery.--_Mrs. S.


Boil four flounders, or any medium sized fish; when done, take off the
skin and pick out the bones, then shred very fine. Add pepper and
salt, one tablespoonful mixed mustard, a half cup vinegar, and half a
pound butter, and mix all well with the fish. Put into shallow pans,
set in the oven and bake ten minutes. When cold put over it a little
Worcestershire sauce, and sherry wine.--_Miss F. N._


Boil them until the shells will come off easily and the nails pull
out; then cut into small pieces and carefully remove the sand-bag and

To three good sized terrapins, take six hard-boiled eggs; remove the
yolks and rub into a powder with half a pound sweet butter. When
creamy and light, add one teaspoonful flour. Put this with the meat
into a saucepan; season with cayenne pepper and salt, and let it boil
for one or two minutes. Just before taking from the fire, add wine to
taste, and if desired, a little mace.

Be careful to remove the skin from the legs.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Mince the turkey very fine. Have ready the following mixture, for a
large company.

Twelve or fourteen eggs boiled hard; mash the yolks smooth with one
spoonful water; add to it pepper, salt, and mustard to the taste. Two
teaspoonfuls celery-seed, one teacup of fresh melted butter or fine
olive oil, and pour in strong vinegar to the taste.

Mix the turkey and celery, and pour over the mixture just before
eating.--_Mrs. F. C. W._

_Turkey Salad._

Remove the skin and fat from a turkey; mince the meat fine.

     Mince 2 or 3 slices lean ham.
     2 or 3 bunches celery.
     3 or 4 apples.
     3 or 4 cucumber pickles; mix well together.

Prepare a dressing of the yolks of four eggs, rubbed in a little thick

     4 tablespoonfuls butter.
     2 teaspoonfuls black pepper.
     2 teaspoonfuls salt.
     2 teaspoonfuls of mustard.
     Vinegar to the taste.

     --_Mrs. Dr. S._

_Turkey Salad._

Boil two turkeys till well done, pick out all the bones, skin and fat,
and cut up the balance in small pieces.

Boil one dozen eggs hard, let them cool, then separate the yolks and
whites, mash the yolks fine, chop the whites very fine and set them to
one side.

Have a large flat dish, in which put four large spoonfuls mixed
mustard; pour in a little oil, and with a fork rub it in till smooth,
then a little vinegar, in which has been melted two full
tablespoonfuls of salt, then oil, and alternately put in oil and
vinegar, each time rubbing it in till well mixed. When you have mixed
a whole bottle of oil and one pint vinegar till it is as smooth as
butter, add one heaping teaspoonful cayenne pepper, three teaspoonfuls
celery-seed rubbed fine in a mortar, and one large mango cut fine, put
in stuffing and all.

Have ready as much celery as you have fowl, cut fine, mix meat and
celery carefully together, and pour the dressing over all.--_Mrs. E.


One large chicken boiled; when cold remove the skin and chop into a
dish, over which throw a towel slightly dipped in cold water to keep
the meat moist. When the celery is cut, put between clean cloths to

Take one tablespoonful best mustard, the yolk of one raw egg, which
drop into a dish large enough to hold all the dressing; beat well for
ten minutes and slowly add to the mustard one tablespoonful vinegar.

When well mixed add three-eighths bottle of oil, a drop at a time,
always stirring the same way.

Rub the yolks of six hard-boiled eggs very smooth and stir in half a
teacup of vinegar. Pour this mixture to the mustard, oil, etc.,
stirring together as lightly as possible.

Add to the chicken one pint chopped celery, a little yellow pickle,
and half a loaf of stale bread crumbs, and the oil taken from the
water in which the chicken has boiled. Salt and pepper to taste.

Pour on the dressing just before serving. If the salad is kept too
cool the dressing will curdle.--_Mrs. E._

_Chicken Salad._

     The meat of 2 boiled fowls chopped very fine.
     2 or 3 heads of cabbage cut fine.
     1 cup olive oil.
     ½ pint vinegar.
     Yolks of 9 hard-boiled eggs.
     1 gill made mustard.
     1 small teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 small teaspoonful salt.

Mix smoothly with the oil and then add the vinegar.--_Miss N._

_Chicken Salad for Thirty-five People._

     Yolks of 4 eggs beaten lightly.
     ¼ box of mixed mustard, and salt to the taste.

Add slowly, beating all the time, one large sized bottle of best salad
oil. Lastly, add two-thirds teacup of vinegar.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._

_Chicken Salad._

     1 head cabbage.
     2 heads celery.
     2 chickens finely minced.
     10 eggs.
     3 small cucumber pickles.
     1 tablespoonful mustard.
     A little cayenne pepper.
     ½ cup butter; ½ cup cream.
     1 onion.
     1 teaspoonful sugar.

Boil the eggs hard, mash the yolks, put in the seasoning with a little

Chop up the whites of the eggs, the pickle, chicken, cabbage and
celery--then mix. If liked, add a little olive oil.--_Mrs. O. B._

_Chicken Salad._

Boil a chicken; while warm, mince it, taking out the bones. Put it in
a stewpan with boiling water. Then stir together until smooth, one
quarter of a pound butter, one teaspoonful flour and yolk of one raw
egg; all of which add to the chicken one half at a time, stirring all
well together.

Season with salt and pepper.

Let it simmer ten minutes; then add half a gill of Madeira wine, and
send to the table while hot.--_Mrs. P._


     2 boiled eggs.
     1 raw egg.
     2 tablespoonfuls melted butter, or 1 of oil.
     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     1 teaspoonful mustard.
     ½ teaspoonful salt.
     ½ teaspoonful pepper.
     ½ teacup vinegar.

Rub the yolks of eggs smooth, then add the oil, mustard, etc., the
vinegar last. Cut the celery into pieces half an inch long. Set all in
a cool place.

Just before serving sprinkle over a little salt and black pepper, then
pour over the dressing.

If you have any cold fowl, chicken, or turkey left from dinner, chop
it up and mix it with some of the above--equal proportions of
both--and it will make a delicious salad; or a few oysters left in the
tureen will be a great addition to the celery salad.--_Mrs. S. T._


     8 large tomatoes.
     1 tablespoonful made mustard.
     1 tablespoonful salad oil.
     2 tablespoonfuls white sugar.
     4 hard-boiled eggs.
     1 raw egg beaten.
     2 teaspoonfuls salt.
     1 saltspoon nearly full cayenne pepper.
     ¾ teacup vinegar.

First rub the yolks of eggs smooth, adding mustard, oil, sugar, salt,
pepper and beaten raw egg--then the vinegar. The tomatoes should be
peeled and sliced and set in the refrigerator--the dressing also.

Just before serving, cover the tomatoes with ice broken up; sprinkle
over a little salt and pour over the dressing.--_Mrs. S. T._


     Scrape six common sized turnips.
     Add 2 cups of sugar.
     1 or more cups vinegar.
     Mustard, celery-seed, and pepper to taste.--_Mrs. G. A. B._


Boil your potatoes very carefully; or, rather, steam them until very
dry and mealy; cut in slices and prepare a dressing of egg, onion,
mustard, oil, pepper, salt, and vinegar, and pour over them.--_W. S.


Take equal proportions of cold veal and boiled Irish potatoes.

Shred the veal and cut up the potatoes. Season with a little butter or
oil, vinegar, salt, pepper, celery, and mustard.--_Mrs. R._


Cut ten or twelve cold boiled potatoes into small pieces. Put into a
salad bowl with--

     4 tablespoonfuls vinegar.
     4 tablespoonfuls best salad oil.
     1 teaspoonful minced parsley.
     Pepper and salt to taste.

Stir all well that they may be thoroughly mixed; it should be made
several hours before putting on the table.

Throw in bits of pickle, cold fowl, a garnish of grated cracker, and
hard-boiled eggs.--_Mrs. C. V. McG., Alabama._


To one quart potatoes mashed fine and rubbed through a colander:

     1 tablespoonful fresh butter.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teacupful rich milk.

Cream all together and beat until light.

Rub the yolks of three hard-boiled eggs with--

     2 teaspoonfuls mustard.
     2 teaspoonfuls sugar.
     1 teaspoonful pepper.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     Enough pepper vinegar to moisten.

Then chop the whites of the eggs very fine and mix in.

Put a layer of the potatoes in the salad-bowl and with a spoon put the
dressing over in spots. Another layer of potatoes, then the dressing,
and so on, putting the dressing on top. Garnish with curled parsley,
and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take two large lettuces, after removing the outer leaves and rinsing
the rest in cold water, cut lengthwise in four or six pieces, rub into
a bowl and sprinkle over them--

     1 teaspoonful salt.
     ½ teaspoonful pepper.
     3 ounces salad oil.
     2 ounces English, or 1 ounce French vinegar.

Stir the salad lightly in the bowl until well mixed. Tarragon and
chevies, or a little water or mustard cress.--_Mrs. R._


     Chop fine one head of cabbage put in a pan.
     1 cup cream.
     1½ teaspoonful mustard.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     And yolk of one egg, beaten light.

When boiled add one-half cup of strong vinegar; stir well and pour
over the cabbage.--_Mrs. E. T._


Wash well and shred fine, a firm white cabbage.

Boil one teacup vinegar.

One tablespoonful butter in a little flour, stir this in the vinegar.

Beat the yolks of four eggs till light and stir also in the mixture,
just before taking from the fire.

Add mustard, pepper, and salt, to the butter and flour, before putting
in the vinegar.

Pour all, when hot, over the cabbage and set away to cool.--_Mrs. M.

_Cold Slaw._

Wash your cabbage and lay in cold water some hours. Have a seasoning
of egg, mustard, oil, pepper, salt, celery-seed, and vinegar, and pour
over it. In winter the slaw will keep a day or two.--_Mrs. W._


Take well headed lettuce, chop it fine and pour over a dressing made
of salt and pepper, mustard, hard-boiled egg, and olive oil.

Cream the yolk of the egg and mustard together with a little oil,
until quite smooth. Add vinegar if desired.--_Mrs. R._

_Lettuce Dressed._

     Lettuce chopped fine.
     ½ cup vinegar.
     ½ cup ice-water.
     1 tablespoonful white sugar.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 saltspoonful cayenne.
     2 hard-boiled eggs, chopped.
     1 onion chopped.
     1 tablespoonful made mustard.
     1 tablespoonful of olive oil.--_Mrs. S. T._



Yolks of two hard-boiled eggs, mashed well with mixed mustard, pepper,
salt, three tablespoonfuls salad oil, three of vinegar and one of
tomato catsup.--_Mrs. J. H. F._


Six hard-boiled eggs, chopped and stirred into two cups of drawn

Let it simmer, then add one tablespoonful of pepper-sauce, two
tablespoonfuls minced parsley, a little thyme, and salt to the taste.

Pour over the fish and slice a lemon over all.--_Mrs. S. T._


Yolks of three eggs, one tablespoonful vinegar, half a tablespoonful
fresh butter, a little salt.

To be stirred over a slow fire till it thickens, it must only be warm
or it will curdle and spoil.--_Mrs. S._


Take a lobster, stick a skewer through the tail, to keep the water
out; throw a handful of salt in the water. When it boils put in the
lobster and boil half an hour; pick off the spawns, if any, and pound
them very fine in a marble mortar and put them in one-half pound drawn
butter. Take the meat out of the lobster, pull it in bits and put it
in your butter; add:

     1 spoonful walnut catsup.
     1 slice of lemon.
     1 or 2 slices horseradish.
     A little pounded mace.
     Salt and cayenne pepper.

Boil them one minute; then take out the lemon and horseradish, and
serve it up in the sauce-boat.--_Mrs. R._


     ½ teaspoonful flour.
     2 ounces butter.
     4 tablespoonfuls vinegar.
     Yolks of two eggs.
     Juice of half a lemon.
     Salt to the taste.

Put all the ingredients, except the lemon juice, into a stewpan; set
it over the fire and keep constantly stirring. When it is sufficiently
thick, take it off, as it should not boil. If, however, it happens to
curdle, strain the sauce through a taminy, add the lemon juice, and
serve. Tarragon vinegar may be used instead of plain, and by many is
considered far preferable.--_Mrs. C._


It is nothing more than butter-sauce made thus:

     Add to one teacup drawn butter, the juice of one-half lemon.
     2 teaspoonfuls chopped parsley.
     A little minced onion and thyme.
     Cayenne pepper and salt to taste.

Beat with an egg-whip while simmering. Good for almost any dish of
fish or meat.--_Mrs. S. T._


     3 tablespoonfuls butter.
     1 wineglassful vinegar.
     2 wineglassfuls tomato or mushroom catsup.

Pepper, salt, and mustard to the taste. Stew till well mixed.--_Mrs.
J. D._


Soak eight anchovies in cold water, for several hours; cut up and stew
in a very little water for twenty minutes; strain into one teacup
drawn butter.

Pour all in a saucepan and set it on the fire. Beat it up until it
comes to a boil; pour into a sauce tureen. Add a little cayenne
pepper; one squeeze of lemon.--_Mrs. S. T._


     Grate one teacupful horseradish.
     1 tablespoonful ground mustard.
     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     4 tablespoonfuls vinegar, or olive oil if preferred.
     Pepper and salt.
     1 teaspoonful turmeric.--_Mrs. J. H. T._

Celery sauce is good made in the same way, by adding butter instead of
oil, and celery instead of horseradish.--_Mrs. P. W._


Get fine-grown fresh gathered mushrooms; break them up and sprinkle
salt over them. Let them lie for the juice to run out, stirring them
often. When the juice has been extracted, strain it, boil well with a
little ginger and pepper.

Do not season much, as it is the mushroom flavor to be desired. You
can add seasoning as required; all necessary to keep it is enough salt
and pepper.

This makes a nice flavoring for any sauce or gravy mixed with soy or
lemon pickle.--_Mrs. C. C._


Fill a quart bottle with small peppers, either green or ripe; put in
two tablespoonfuls sugar, and fill with good cider vinegar.

Invaluable in seasoning sauces, and good to eat with fish or meat. If
small peppers cannot be obtained, cut up large pods instead.--_Mrs. S.


Scald and peel six large ripe tomatoes; chop them up and stew slowly.
Cream one tablespoonful butter, one tablespoonful sugar, one
tablespoonful flour, together.

When the tomatoes are thoroughly done, and reduced to a fine pulp, add
pepper and salt.

Stir the butter, sugar, and flour in. Let boil up and serve.--_Mrs. S.


Roll a piece of butter as large as an egg into one heaping teaspoonful
sifted flour; stir in two tablespoonfuls warm water; let it simmer.
Pour in one teacup cream, and stir; throw in one pint young mushrooms,
washed, picked, and skinned; add pepper, salt, another small piece of

Let it boil up once, shaking the pan well, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil four or five large white onions in salt and water; change the
water, then drain them. Chop fine and boil with one teacup new milk,
salt, pepper, and one tablespoonful pepper sauce.

Add drawn butter and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


This is made by stirring into one teacup drawn butter, three
tablespoonfuls pickled nasturtiums, adding a little salt and pepper.
Simmer gently and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pare and slice some tart apples; stew until tender in a very little
water, then reduce to a smooth pulp. Stir in sugar and butter to the
taste, a squeeze of lemon juice, and a little nutmeg.--_Mrs. S. T._


     3 tablespoonfuls vinegar.
     2 tablespoonfuls mint.
     1 tablespoonful powdered sugar.
     1 saltspoonful salt.

Mix ten minutes before using.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Sauces especially suitable for Fowls, though they may be used for any
kind of Meats._


Take the neck, gizzard, liver, and feet of fowls, with a piece of
mutton or veal, if you have any, and boil in one quart water with a
few whole peppers, and salt, till reduced to one pint; then thicken
with a quarter pound butter mixed with flour and boil it five or six

Mix the yolks of two eggs with one teacup good cream; put it in the
saucepan, shaking over the fire till done.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


One stick of white, blanched celery, chopped very small; put it in a
saucepan with one quart milk and a few black peppercorns; let it boil
gently, till reduced to one pint. Keep stirring the celery up with the
milk until it is in a pulp. Thicken the whole with the yolk of one
fresh egg well beaten, and half a teacup of fresh cream.--_Mrs. S._


Chop celery into pieces half an inch long, enough to fill one pint
measure, and stew in a small quantity of water till tender. Add one
tablespoonful pepper vinegar, a little salt and pepper; pour in one
teacup cream or milk, then add a sufficient quantity of drawn
butter.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut up six hard-boiled eggs, with salt and pepper to taste.

Stir in a sufficient quantity of drawn butter, adding, just as you
serve, minced onion, parsley, and thyme.--_Mrs. S. T._


Parboil one bunch of asparagus, first scraping. When nearly done,
drain and cut in small pieces. Stew in a teacup of milk, with pepper
and salt. When done pour into drawn butter, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Scald one pint large fresh oysters, just enough to plump them; adding
one tablespoonful pepper vinegar, a little black pepper and salt.

Pour into a sufficient quantity of drawn butter and serve.--_Mrs. S.


Take one-quarter pound of best fresh butter, cut it up and mix with it
two teaspoonfuls flour; when thoroughly mixed, put it into a saucepan
and add to it four tablespoonfuls cold water.

Cover the pan and set it in a kettle of boiling water, shake it round
continually, always moving it the same way. When the butter is
entirely melted and begins to simmer, then let it rest until it boils
up. In melting butter for pudding, some substitute milk for
water.--_Mrs. Dr. S._

_Drawn Butter._

Cream together one-quarter pound fresh butter, with two heaping
teaspoonfuls sifted flour; add to this six teaspoonfuls water.

Put it in a small tin saucepan and set it in a vessel of boiling
water, until it begins to simmer, shaking it often.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Drawn Butter._

Rub a piece of butter in a little flour, add two or three
tablespoonfuls boiling water.

Shake continually over the fire without letting it boil, till it
thickens.--_Mrs. P. W._


Stew two quarts cranberries; putting only water enough to keep from
sticking to the bottom of kettle. Keep covered until nearly done, then
stir in one quart white sugar, and boil until thick. The color is
finer when the sugar is added just before the sauce is done.--_Mrs. S.


Wash and pick one pint young mushrooms, rub them with salt to take off
the tender skin. Put them in a saucepan with a little salt, nutmeg,
one blade of mace, one pint cream, lump of butter rubbed in flour.

Boil them up and stir till done, then pour it round the chickens.
Garnish with lemon.--_Mrs. C. C._


Take the yolk of one raw egg; add to that one-half tablespoonful of
either dry or thickly mixed mustard, salt and pepper to your taste.

When well mixed together, add sweet oil in _very_ small quantities, at
a time, stirring briskly until it is very thick. Then add a little
vinegar, but not sufficient to make the dressing thin. These are the
proportions for the yolk of one raw egg, sufficient for four people.
The quantity of eggs, mustard, etc., must be increased in proportion
to the quantity of dressing needed.--_Mrs. McK._


     Beat two eggs. Add butter size of half an egg.
     ½ teaspoonful mustard rubbed smooth in a little water.
     4 tablespoonfuls vinegar.
     ½ teacupful boiling water.

Set it in a bowl on top of the tea-kettle and stir until as thick as
cream.--_Mrs. W. H. M._


To one tumblerful vinegar, warmed in a stewpan, add four beaten eggs;
stir for a few minutes till cooked like boiled custard. Then throw in:

     A teaspoonful of salt.
     1 teaspoonful of sugar.
     1 teaspoonful of mustard.
     1 teaspoonful of pepper.
     A lump of butter size of half an egg, instead of oil.

Stir well and pour out. Will keep for weeks. Good for chicken
salad.--_Mrs. W._


Turkey is more economical and better for salad than chicken. To one
turkey, weighing about nine pounds, allow nine eggs:

     7 hard-boiled eggs.
     2 raw eggs, yolks and whites beaten separately.
     To each egg allow 2 tablespoonfuls salad oil, perfectly pure and
     1 saltspoonful salt.
     1 saltspoonful made mustard.
     2 saltspoonfuls cayenne pepper to the whole amount.
     Celery to the taste.
     Lettuce leaves, if in season, using only the heart.
     The juice of 2 lemons.

This will last a week.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


To four chickens, the yolks of twelve eggs mashed very smooth with:

     1 raw egg beaten light.
     ½ teacup of mustard.
     ½ teaspoonful red pepper.
     1 teacup salad oil.
     1 cup of vinegar.
     1 quart of cut celery.
     Salt to the taste.--_Mrs. J. W._


     1 raw egg.
     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     ½ teaspoonful mustard.
     A little cayenne pepper (never use black pepper on lettuce).
     2 tablespoonfuls best olive oil.
     1 tablespoonful vinegar.--_Miss R. S._


     The yolk of an egg.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful mustard.
     2 teaspoonfuls sugar, mashed smooth.
     1 cup of cream.
     Vinegar to your taste.--_Mrs. E. C. G._


The yolks (raw) of two eggs.

Stir in oil, a drop at a time, until it begins to thicken, and then
pour it in slowly still, but in greater quantities, stirring
continually. Add cayenne pepper, salt, and vinegar to the taste.

If mustard is liked in the sauce, it must be mixed with the yolks of
the eggs before dropping the oil.

This sauce should be nearly as thick as soft butter. It makes a
delicious dressing for lettuce, celery, cold poultry or game; and also
for cold boiled fish or pickled salmon. If used with the latter, the
salmon should be placed in the centre of the dish and covered thickly
with sauce.

Boiled chestnuts, peeled, small pickled onions, sliced cucumbers,
lettuce, etc., are a great addition, and should be used to dress or
garnish the dish, but not be mixed with the salmon.--_Mrs. E. P.,


     3 eggs well beaten.
     Nearly a cup of sugar.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 tablespoonful mustard.
     Pepper and salt to your taste.
     Tumbler of milk.
     Tumbler of vinegar.

Stir well over the fire until as thick as custard. Let it cool and
pour over cabbage.--_Mrs. R. A._


     1 cup of vinegar.
     2 eggs well beaten.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful mustard.
     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     A little black pepper.

Mix together the butter, salt, pepper, sugar, mustard; add the eggs

Have the vinegar boiling and pour it on, stirring all the time. Then
pour it back in the saucepan and boil a few minutes. Pour on the slaw
when cold.--_Miss N._


     Yolks of 4 eggs.
     1 teacup milk.
     1 teacup vinegar.
     4 tablespoonfuls oil or melted butter.

After mixing all well together, except the vinegar, let it come to a
boil. When cold, beat well, add the vinegar, salt, pepper, and made
mustard to suit the taste. Keep corked in a bottle.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Put one tumbler vinegar, and one lump butter, size of an egg, on to

Beat up the yolks of three or four eggs, and pour the boiling vinegar
over them, stirring all the time; return it to the fire and continue
to stir, until it thickens like custard. When it is perfectly cold add
one tumblerful cream, into which has been mixed one tablespoonful
salt, one tablespoonful mustard, two spoonfuls sugar, and one spoonful
bruised celery-seed.

Bottle the dressing and it will keep for a month.--_Mrs. P._


     2 tablespoonfuls butter.
     2 beaten eggs.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful mixed mustard.
     1 cup vinegar.
     1 cup fresh milk or cream.

Boil and use cold.--_Mrs. I. D._


Beat light the yolk of one egg; add:

     2 tablespoonfuls cream.
     1 tablespoonful white sugar.
     3 tablespoonfuls vinegar.
     1 teaspoonful olive oil.
     1 teaspoonful mustard.
     1 teaspoonful salt.--_Mrs. Dr. S._



     A twenty-five cent shank of beef.
     A five-cent loaf of bread--square loaf, as it has more crumb, and
       the crust is not used.
     1 quart potatoes cooked and mashed.
     1 quart cooked butter-beans.
     1 quart raw corn.
     1½ quart raw tomatoes peeled and chopped.

If served at two o'clock, put on the shank as for soup, at the
earliest possible hour; then about twelve o'clock take the shank out
of the soup and shred and cut all of the meat as fine as you can,
carefully taking out bone and gristle, and then return it to the
soup-pot and add all of the vegetables; the bread and two slices of
middling are an improvement to it.

Season with salt and pepper to the taste; and when ready to serve,
drop into the tureen two or three tablespoonfuls butter.

This makes a tureen and about a vegetable-dish full.--_Mrs. R. P._

_Brunswick Stew._

About four hours before dinner, put on two or three slices of bacon,
two squirrels or chickens, one onion sliced, in one gallon water. Stew
some time, then add one quart peeled tomatoes, two ears of grated
corn, three Irish potatoes sliced, and one handful butter-beans, and
part pod of red pepper.

Stew altogether about one hour, till you can take out the bones. When
done, put in one spoonful bread crumbs and one large spoonful
butter.--_Mrs. M. M. D._

_Brunswick Stew._

Take one chicken or two squirrels, cut them up and put one-half gallon
water to them. Let it stew until the bones can be removed. Add
one-half dozen large tomatoes, one-half pint butter-beans, and corn
cut from half a dozen ears, salt, pepper, and butter as
seasoning.--_Mrs. I. H._

_Brunswick Stew._

Take two chickens or three or four squirrels, let them boil in water.
Cook one pint butter-beans, and one quart tomatoes; cook with the
meat. When done, add one dozen ears corn, one dozen large tomatoes,
and one pound butter.

Take out the chicken, cut it into small pieces and put back; cook
until it is well done and thick enough to be eaten with a fork.

Season with pepper and salt.--_Mrs. R._


Put one tablespoonful lard into a pan. Slice two onions and fry them
in it a few minutes. Have ready a chicken cut up, and fry it in the
lard till it slightly browns, also one or two slices of bacon or pork,
and three or four bunches parsley cut up.

Have a heaping plateful of ochra cut up; put that in the pan and let
it wilt a few minutes (you must stir it), then add three or four
tomatoes cut up. Then put the whole into a stewpan, pour hot water to
it, not quite as much as for soup. Let it boil until quite thick.
Season with pepper and salt, also red or green pod pepper.

It must be dished like soup and eaten with rice; the rice to be boiled
dry and served in a vegetable dish; put one or two spoonfuls in a
plate and pour the gumbo over it.--_Mrs. G._


Cut up two chickens, fry slightly with a little onion, and a few
slices pickled pork.

Put in three or four quarts boiling water, together with pepper and
salt, eighteen okras, one-half peck cut up tomatoes.

Stew one hour and a half.--_Mrs. D. R._


Take one chicken, frying size, cut up in hot lard; add one quart ochra
chopped fine, and one good sized onion chopped fine, when the chicken
begins to brown, stirring all the time until it ceases to rope and is
a nice brown.

Then put it into a deep vessel and pour on enough boiling water to
make soup for ten or twelve persons, adding two or three tomatoes,
skinned and sliced, two ears of tender corn, salt, and black and red
pepper to the taste.

Let the whole boil one hour.

Boil rice very dry and serve with it.--_Mrs. P. McG._


Put into a deep pot one tablespoonful lard, when hot put in one
tablespoonful flour, stir in until brown, then slice one large onion
and fry it till brown; skim out the onion and do not put it back until
a chicken cut up in small pieces has been fried. Stir it all the time.
Have a kettle of boiling water near by; pour one or two cups of water
on the chicken, stir well and let it simmer slowly. Add:

     10 allspice.
     8 cloves.
     Red and black pepper.
     Parsley and thyme if you like it.

Put in two quarts of water, boiling, and let it boil gently two hours.
Have ready the liquor from one quart oysters, put that in with the
water; put the oysters in later, allowing them time to cook. When
ready to serve stir in one tablespoonful filit, boil up once. To be
eaten with rice cooked dry.

N. B. _Filit_ is only pulverized sassafras leaves, dried and sifted;
you can make it yourself.--_Mrs. S., La._


     3½ pounds leg of veal.
     ¼ pound salt pork.
     6 soda crackers rolled and sifted.
     1 tablespoonful salt.
     1 tablespoonful black pepper.
     1 nutmeg.
     2 eggs well beaten.
     Butter the size of an egg.

Hash veal and pork together, cutting very fine. Then mix seasoning
very thoroughly and form into oval shapes. Put a small piece of butter
and bread crumbs over the top, while in the baking dish; half a teacup
water, and baste frequently while baking. In moulding it and when
mixing it keep wetting the hands in cold water, also wet the dish
when you begin moulding it in shape.--_Mrs. J. P. H._


Cut cold mutton into very thin slices, and make a gravy by boiling the
bones for two hours with a little onion, pepper and salt.

Strain this gravy and thicken it with a little flour, adding a small
amount of tomato or mushroom gravy to flavor it, and a small piece of
butter. When the gravy is of a proper consistency, put in the slices
of mutton, and let it simmer slowly for ten minutes. Serve on a
platter with parsley and sippets of bread.

_Hashed Mutton._

Fry in a saucepan three small onions, and three small slices of bacon
or ham, until they are brown; then add a little more than half a pint
water, and thicken it with flour. Next strain it and add it to the
meat with a little sauce; pepper and salt to the taste.

It will take about an hour to hash.


Cut the meat up fine, putting the bones on to stew in water; then take
out the bones and put in the hash, with pepper, salt and gravy left
from the day before.

Let these stew at least half an hour. Put in one large tablespoonful
browned flour. Add--

     6 tablespoonfuls red wine.
     1 tablespoonful walnut catsup.
     1 tablespoonful tomato catsup.
     A lump of butter rolled in a little flour.

If a small dish, proportion the seasoning.

Beef, goose, and duck hash can be made the same way.--_Mrs. R._


During the summer season get lamb chops, which half fry. Cut up
cabbage, lettuce, turnips, onions and any other vegetables, which
boil, with seasoning of pepper, salt, etc.; one hour before dinner,
put in the lamb chops, with some green peas; boil the potatoes


     3 pounds of the scrag end of a neck of mutton.
     1 onion.
     1 small turnip.
     A little parsley.
     A little thyme.

Put the mutton in the pan and cover with two quarts cold water, add
the vegetables and not quite one teacup rice; one small carrot and a
little celery added will give a nice flavor.

When it boils, skim carefully, cover the pan, and let it simmer for
two hours. Of course, the vegetables must be cut small.


Chop fine whatever cold meat you may have, fat and lean together; add
pepper and salt, one finely chopped onion, two slices of bread which
have been soaked in milk, and one egg.

Mix well together and bake in a form. This makes an admirable tea or
breakfast dish.--_Mrs. J._


Take any kind of fresh meat that has been boiled or roasted, cut up
enough to make a dish; put one tablespoonful currant jelly, one
tablespoonful of wine, one large spoonful butter, one-half onion
chopped, pepper and salt.

Stir all together fifteen minutes. Pickle cut up is an improvement,
and brown sugar can be used instead of currant jelly.--_Mrs. J. T._


Make a mince meat of turkey; after it is stewed put boiled rice
around the dish and set it in an oven to brown. Then garnish with hard
boiled eggs.--_Mrs. E. I._


Any nice cold meat when nicely minced will make good croquettes,
especially veal. Take about one-quarter loaf bread, well soaked in
water and squeezed dry; mix with the minced meat about one
dessertspoonful chopped parsley, one dessertspoonful ground ginger,
three eggs, a pinch of ground mace, pepper and salt, roll them into
egg-shaped balls; have ready two or three eggs well beaten, in one
plate, and flour in another; first roll in the flour, then in the egg,
fry in boiling drippings; serve hot.--_Mrs. T._


Take cold fowl or fresh meat of any kind, with slices of fat ham; chop
together very fine, add one-half as much stale bread grated, salt and
pepper, grated nutmeg, one tablespoonful catsup, one teaspoonful made
mustard, and lump of butter size of an egg. Mix well together till it
resembles sausage meat; mould them into cakes, dip into well beaten
yolk of an egg, cover thickly with grated bread. Fry a light
brown.--_Mrs. F. D._


Boil or roast a turkey, chop the meat as fine as possible. Mix eight
beaten eggs with the meat, add one quart of milk, one-quarter pound
butter, salt and pepper, a little mace.

Stew all together for a few minutes, then take it off to cool and make
into little cone shapes. Roll each one into pounded crackers and drop
in boiling lard till a light brown.--_Mrs. M. E. L. W., Md._


Cold chicken, chopped parsley, a little cream, grated crackers, lemon
flavoring, salt and pepper. Cut chicken very fine and season with salt
and pepper; add chopped parsley, moisten with cream sufficient to
make paste; mould in a wineglass with grated cracker or bread crumbs
on outside. Fry quickly in hot lard. Brown lightly. Lemon flavoring
can be added at will.--_Mrs. G. P._


Peel, boil, and mash one quart potatoes, mix with yolks of four eggs
and some milk.

Set on the fire, stir two minutes; set on a dish to cool or leave
overnight. In the morning add a little milk, mix thoroughly, roll in
bread crumbs; divide in cakes and fry in lard. Take off when done;
drain, dish, and serve immediately.--_Mrs. E._


Chop up one quart of any cold meat very fine, to which add one pint
stale bread. Mix up one egg, mustard, pepper, salt and butter, and
pour over the bread and meat; roll into balls, which must be rolled
into the white of an egg, then into bread crumbs, and bake a nice
brown. This is a nice side-dish for breakfast or tea.--_Mrs. S. G._


Have some nice pieces of veal or fowl, chopped fine, season with
nutmeg, pepper and salt to your taste.

Boil one-half pint milk with one small garlic. Thicken with two
tablespoonfuls flour, and one tablespoonful butter.

Let it remain till thoroughly done: stir in the meat and then form the
croquettes. Roll in bread crumbs, then the yolk of an egg, then in
bread crumbs, and fry a nice brown.--_Miss E. P._


Take cold meat or fresh meat, with grated ham, fat and lean, chopped
very fine--add one-half as much stale bread grated, salt, pepper, and
nutmeg, one tablespoonful catsup, a lump of butter.

Knead all well together--if not soft enough add cream or gravy. Make
in cakes the shape of a pear; dip them in the yolk of an egg beaten,
roll in dried bread crumbs, and fry a light brown.--_Miss M. C. L._


     2 pounds of meat.
     4 eggs.
     1 cup butter.
     1 cup milk.

Add powdered cracker or stale bread crumbs sufficient to thicken,
while on the fire. Roll in oblong shapes and fry in lard. Roll the
balls in cracker dust before frying.--_Mrs. R. K. M._


One pound sausage meat, two eggs, well beaten, and bread crumbs well

Make the meat into cakes, then roll in the beaten egg, and afterwards
in bread crumbs. Fry in pan and serve hot. Cold ham served in the same
way is delicious; mince it very fine.--_Mrs. G._


One pound of fresh suet, one ounce ready dressed veal, or chicken
chopped fine, bread crumbs, a little shallot or onion, salt and pepper
(white), nutmeg; parsley and thyme, finely shred.

Beat as many eggs, yolks and whites separately, as will make the above
ingredients into a moist paste; roll into small balls, and fry in
boiling lard. When of a light brown, take out with a perforated
skimmer. Forcemeat balls made in this way are remarkably light, but
being somewhat greasy, some persons prefer them with less suet and
eggs.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Chop up any kind of cold meat very fine, place in a baking dish a
layer of bread crumbs, seasoned with lump of butter, black pepper, and

Then a layer of minced meat, and so on with alternate layers, till the
dish is filled. Pour over all a cup of rich cream, and be sure to have
enough lumps of butter to make it rich. Bake until it is a good brown
on top.--_Mrs. C. M. A._


Chop fine any cold meat; parboil enough Irish potatoes to be
two-thirds as many as there is chopped meat. Mix all together with one
raw egg, one onion, black pepper, and salt.

Fry with butter, either in large or small cakes in a pan, the cakes
rather larger than sausages. If you have cold ham, it is an advantage
to add some of it to the mince; and the whole is very nice made of
cold pickled beef.--_Mrs. C. M. A._


Take any kind of fresh meat chopped fine, and put into a stewpan with
a little warm water, pepper and salt, and chopped onion. Cook twenty
minutes; then put into a baking-dish with an equal quantity of bread
crumbs, and pour over a cup of sweet cream. Bake to a light
brown.--_Mrs. F. D._


One and one-half teacup of boiling water must be poured into a
saucepan, mix one heaping spoonful flour with one tablespoonful cold
water, stir it in and boil three minutes. Then add two teaspoonfuls
salt, half a small teaspoonful pepper, and butter size of an egg.

After removing all tough, gristly pieces from the cold cooked meat,
chop it fine with some boiled potatoes. Put them in the dressing, heat
through, then serve. It injures meat to cook it _again_, making it
hard and unpalatable. Should you have any cold gravy left, use it; in
that case you will require less butter, salt and pepper. You can serve
it with buttered toast underneath, or you may set it into the oven to
brown on top, or drop eggs into a skillet of boiling salt water, and
when cooked, place on top of hash.--_Mrs. J._


Boil some Irish potatoes until quite done, mash them smooth and add an
equal quantity of salt meat chopped fine. Mix with this several well
beaten eggs, one spoonful butter, some pepper and salt.

Bake in little cakes like potato cakes.--_Mrs. F. D._


Split four feet once, fry with one or two dozen large oysters, a light
brown. Lay them in a stewpan over the liquor from the oysters, or some
beef or veal gravy; add one large spoonful butter rolled in flour, one
dozen allspice, beaten, one glass red wine, one glass walnut catsup,
and pepper.

Stew gently until dinner, skimming off any grease. Garnish with
hard-boiled eggs. Mace or cloves may be used instead of
allspice.--_Mrs. B._


Take the remnant of any cold meats, either boiled or roasted. Prepare
it, as if for chicken salad, in fine shreds. Mix with potatoes mashed
fine, and add two well-beaten eggs.

Season with butter, pepper, and other spices if you like.

Make it into a loaf and bake it brown, or fry it in cakes if
preferred.--_Mrs. J. F. G._


Mince cold veal very fine, sprinkle with salt and cayenne. Mash the
yolks of three hard-boiled eggs, three tablespoonfuls cooking wine,
three tablespoonfuls cream or milk, a little nutmeg and a little mixed
mustard, a large lump of butter with a little flour rubbed in.

Let all steam five minutes, and serve hot on toast.

A nice relish for breakfast or lunch.--_Miss E. S., La._


One pound pork sausage, one tablespoonful pounded crackers, two well
beaten eggs. Work thoroughly together, and make into cakes. These will
be rather soft, but dropping each one into a plate of pounded or
grated cracker will enable you to handle them. Put into a hot
frying-pan. No lard is to be used, but keep the pan covered while
frying.--_Miss E._


Take cold beef or veal, chop the meat very fine, put it in a pan with
some water; add salt, pepper, butter and bread crumbs to taste. Season
with a little chopped onion, parsley and thyme, all minced fine, half
a cup milk or cream with one egg beaten. Grate some crumbs over the
top, and bake till brown.--_Mrs. J. H. F._


Grate one quarter pound cold ham in a bowl, with one tablespoonful
chopped pickle, one teaspoonful mustard, a little black pepper, six
dessertspoonfuls butter; put in a bowl and stir quickly until a cream.

Add the ham and seasoning, mix all together well. Have slices of light
bread and spread the mixture on each side of each slice.

Cold grated tongue, instead of ham, is very nice spread on the inside
of biscuit.


Mince ham and tongue together, and spread between buttered bread. Add
a little French mustard to the mince if liked.--_Mrs. R._


Take cold fresh meat, either chicken or veal, and cut it up quite
small after taking off the outer skin either fat or gristle. Mix it
well with some cold rice, then stir this in a batter made of two eggs
well beaten, and about one quart milk. Season with salt, pepper, and

Bake in a deep dish.--_Mrs. A. B._


Skin the head, take out the brains. Thoroughly wash, then soak the
head one night to extract the blood. Put on in cold water and boil
five or six hours, or until the bones are ready to drop out. Pick it
very fine, taking all the bones out; then add the liquor in which it
was boiled, one tablespoonful butter, four eggs well beaten; one small
piece of lemon or pickle; one onion, if liked; pepper and salt.

Lay the brains all over the top and bake. Bread crumbs are an
improvement. The liquor seasoned makes excellent soup.--_Miss F. E._


Take two hog's heads, clean nicely; two livers, two lights, and cut
all the good part off half a dozen milts; half a dozen sweetbreads;
half a dozen kidneys, split open.

Put all together in a tub of salt and water; let them soak all night;
take them out next morning, put them in a kettle with two slices of
fat pork. Let all boil until done, then take it up and let it cool a
little and grind it in a sausage mill, and while grinding, skim some
of the grease off of the kettle and pour it into the mill. After it is
ground, season with black pepper, salt, and onions chopped fine, to
suit the taste.

If it is not rich enough, boil more middling or pork and mix with the
meat; if stuffed, boil again a few minutes.


Boil head and liver until perfectly done, cut up as for hash. Put it
on again in warm water and season highly with butter, pepper, salt,
and a little chopped onion.

After well seasoned, put in a baking-dish with one egg beaten light.
Bake two hours, and lay over hard-boiled eggs sliced, and strips of
pastry across the top.

Calf's Head Pudding can be made in the same way.--_Mrs. Col. S._


The remains of cold mutton, either roasted or boiled, cut into nice
slices, three hard-boiled eggs, also sliced, and two or three
potatoes, seasoning of pepper, salt, and pounded mace to your taste.

All laid alternately in a baking-dish and filled nearly up with any
gravy or stock at hand; cover with a potato crust, full two inches
thick, and bake until the potatoes are a nice brown color. If the
potatoes are scratched over with a fork, it gives them a pretty, rough
appearance. To make the crust, boil and mash the potatoes with a
little butter and milk and a small quantity of salt.--_Mrs. R. P._


One pound steak, three soft crackers rolled, one small piece of
butter, two tablespoonfuls of water, salt and pepper. Bake in a deep
pan.--_Mrs. R._


A savory potato pie is made thus: A layer of mashed potatoes placed in
a pie dish and then slices of any cold meat (if chicken or veal,
slices of tongue or ham may be added), and herbs, pepper and salt,
sprinkled over to taste. Continue these layers alternately till the
dish is full; the potatoes must well cover the top, which should have
some butter added, and be brushed over with the yolk of an egg, and
put into the oven till done through. A little butter on each layer is
needed if the meat is not fat, and it should not be too fat.--_Mrs.


Mince any cold meat very finely, season it to taste, and put it into a
pie dish; have some finely grated bread crumbs, with a little salt,
pepper, and nutmeg; and pour into the dish any gravy that is at hand.
Cover over with a thick layer of bread crumbs and put small pieces of
butter over top. Place in the oven till a fine brown. Send to the
table hot.--_Mrs. W._


Cut cold beef in pieces and mix with mashed potatoes; fill a
baking-dish and season with butter, pepper, and salt. Bake and serve


Cut up the chicken in fine pieces and crack the bones. Season with
salt and pepper; put it in a deep baking plate with a lump of butter,
and one tablespoonful vinegar. Cover it with hot water. Put a plate
over it and stew on a stove or over hot embers. Add one heaping teacup
chopped celery to the mixture before cooking.--_Mrs. A. P._


Take the legs and wings of any cold fowl.

Dress with pepper, salt, mustard, and butter; then broil.


Made as chicken pie, adding livers of chicken or pigeon, which have
been boiled in the water left from cooking; celery and sweet herbs.
Season with mushroom or walnut catsup.--_Mrs. T._


After the squabs are picked and drawn as a large fowl is for roasting,
wash them and put them in a saucepan with a close cover. They should
be covered with boiling water and boiled slowly till tender, when a
little salt and an onion clove should be added. Then take them out,
drain and dry, and put in each squab a teaspoonful of butter, a little
pepper, salt, minced parsley and thyme. Then put into the cavity of
each squab, a hard-boiled egg. Lay them in a large, round, earthen
baking dish, three or four inches deep. Strain over them the liquor in
which they were simmered. Add a tablespoonful of butter and a teacup
of milk or cream. Sift in two tablespoonfuls of cracker crumbs not
browned, a tablespoonful of minced parsley and thyme, and a little
salt. Put in a few slips of pastry. Cover with a rich crust and bake.

The same recipe will answer for robins, except that the eggs must be
chopped, instead of being placed whole in the cavity of the
bird.--_Mrs. S. T._


Chop pieces of roast beef very fine. Mix up grated bread crumbs,
chopped onions, and parsley; season with pepper and salt, moisten with
a little dripping or catsup.

Cold ham or tongue may be added to improve it.

Make in broad, flat cakes, and spread a coat of mashed potatoes on the
top and bottom of each. Lay a piece of butter on every cake and put it
in an oven to brown.

Other cold meats may be prepared in the same way for a breakfast
dish.--_Mrs. D._


Boil salmon or other fish; mash up boiled Irish potatoes; chop yolks
of hard boiled eggs.

Mix all together with butter; make very hot, and keep it so at
table.--_Mrs. R._


Cut up in a stewpan, with cold water, and stew till well cooked, the
steak you will use; mash some potatoes with creamed butter, pepper and

Line a baking dish with it and put in the steak, seasoning with
butter, pepper, and salt. Bake a little while.


Take a nice piece of middling about six inches square, pare off the
skin and cut in small square pieces, then fry it. Make a batter of
three pints flour, five eggs, one handful parsley, chopped fine. Beat
all light and fry with bacon. Serve hot. This will make two
dishes.--_Mrs. M. D._


One and a half pound macaroni, parboiled with a little salt, and one
clove garlic. One pound of beef chopped fine, lean and fat stewed with
one pint tomatoes.

Alternate layers of macaroni and the stewed beef with grated cheese.
Add cayenne pepper, salt, butter, and a little wine.

A thick layer of grated cracker crumbs and cheese on top. Serve with a
stand of grated Stilton cheese.--_Mrs. R. R._


Break into pieces one inch long and put in the dish you wish to fill,
filling it only one-third full. Wash well and boil in a covered
stewpan until soft and tender, drain off all the water; cover with
this the bottom of a baking dish. Sprinkle over pepper and salt,
grated cracker, bits of butter and grated cheese; then another layer
of macaroni, etc., in the same order. When the dish is filled, pour
over fresh milk until all is barely covered. Sift over pounded cracker
and set in the oven. If it becomes too brown, sift over more cracker
before serving.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil one-half pound macaroni in water, with salt, one small onion and
two blades mace.

Put in one sweetbread, chopped fine, or the same amount of fresh veal,
the nice part being taken.

Boil till tender before taking it up, drain off the water and add one
large spoonful butter, one-half pint milk, a quantity of grated
cheese; one teaspoonful mustard; two teaspoonfuls black pepper, one
pint skinned tomatoes, salt to the taste; one egg, beaten up, is a
great improvement.

Butter a deep dish and bake the macaroni a light brown. Have it served
with a small bowl of grated cheese, of the best quality, so that each
one may add what they like.--_Mrs. M. C._


Parboil enough macaroni to make a dish; lay alternate layers of
macaroni, and grated cheese. Season with salt, pepper, and butter; add
three eggs, well beaten, and enough milk to fill a dish. Sprinkle
bread crumbs over top and bake.--_Mrs. R. A._


To one and one-half pound macaroni, add one pound beef, chopped fine.
Make a stew of the beef with one quart water, one clove of garlic,
catsup, tomato, or walnut, to suit the taste, one dessertspoonful
currant jelly, salt and pepper.

Boil the macaroni; put in a pan a layer of macaroni and a layer of
cheese, with plenty of butter, using quarter of a pound of butter for
the dish.

Then pour the stew over the top, and bake fifteen minutes.--_Miss M.
B. B._


Take two quarts of hominy, wash through several waters until the water
is clear; put it on to boil in a pot half full of water, with a plate
turned down in the bottom of the pot to prevent its burning. Boil for
six hours--do not stir it; when done, take off the vessel and set it
aside in a cool place. When it is ready to fry, put a little lard in
the pan, let it get hot, and mash in the hominy; then add a little
salt. Put it in the pan and press down; let it fry till brown, turning
it upside down on the dish.--_Mrs. P. W._


To one cup cold boiled hominy, add two teaspoonfuls melted butter,
and stir it well, adding by degrees one cup milk, till all is made in
a soft light paste; adding one well-beaten egg.

Roll into oval balls with floured hands; dip in beaten egg, then roll
in cracker crumbs and fry in hot lard.--_Mrs. M._


Warm the boiled hominy; add a piece of butter, a little salt, half a
pint cream, two eggs, and flour enough to stiffen the mixture. Fry
like mashed potatoes.--_Mrs. E._


Soak in hot water the overnight. Next morning wash out in two waters
and boil thoroughly. A little milk added to the water whitens and
seasons it.--_Mrs. W._


After you have peeled them, sprinkle with salt and pepper and put them
in a stewpan with a little water and lump of butter. Let them boil
fast for ten minutes and stir in a thickening of flour and cream. They
may be broiled on a gridiron, and seasoned with butter. Fry them also
in butter. The large mushrooms are used for the two latter modes of
cooking them.--_Mrs. C. C._


Ten sweetbreads, parboiled, skinned and all the fat removed; cut into
small pieces. Add one even teaspoonful salt, one can of French
mushrooms. Slice thin, add to juice one teaspoonful salt, one
teaspoonful pepper, one saltspoonful powdered mace, lump of butter
size of guinea egg.

Simmer slowly twenty minutes. Add sweetbreads dredged with one heaping
spoonful corn starch, well mixed in the sweetbread. Let it boil up
once, stirring to prevent sticking. Serve in puff paste shapes, hot. A
little chopped parsley may be added.--_Mrs. R. R._


One pint mushroom buttons, three ounces fresh butter, pepper and salt
to taste, lemon juice, one teaspoonful flour, cream or milk, a little

Pare the mushrooms, put them into a basin of water with a little lemon
juice. Take them from the water, put into a stewpan, with the above
ingredients. Cover the pan closely and let them stew gently twenty
minutes. If the mushrooms are not perfectly tender, stew them five
minutes longer; remove every particle of butter which may be floating
on top, and serve.--_Mrs. C. C._


Cleanse the large mushrooms by wiping with flannel and a little salt.
Cut off stalks and peel the tops; broil them over a clear fire,
turning them once. Arrange on a hot dish. Put a small piece of butter
on each mushroom, season with pepper and salt; squeeze over them a
little lemon juice. Place before the fire, and when the butter is
melted, serve quickly.--_Mrs. C. C._


     2 ounces butter.
     4 ounces bread crumbs.
     8 ounces cheese.
     1 cup sweet milk.
     3 eggs.

Cut the butter and cheese into small pieces and place them in a large
bowl with the bread; on this pour scalding milk, after which add the
yolks well beaten, also a little salt. Mix well together, cover and
place on the back of the range, stirring occasionally, till all is
dissolved; when add the whites beaten to a stiff froth. Place in a
buttered pie-plate and bake in a quick oven for twenty minutes. Serve
as soon as taken from the stove. Mustard is considered by some an
improvement.--_Mrs. H. H. S._


Cut up cheese fine and place in a saucepan with a little butter, add
one or two spoonfuls beer, and boil till the cheese is well dissolved.
Cut a slice of bread, pour on the cheese; season with pepper, salt,
and catsup.--_Mrs. S._


Mix cold rice with well-beaten eggs, season with pepper, and salt.

Then cook like scrambled egg; don't let the rice burn.


Get a fresh beef tongue, parboil and skin it. Add one pound prunes,
one pound raisins, one-quarter pound sugar, spices to the taste.

Let it stew until perfectly well cooked.

When nearly done, add one lemon.--_Miss M. B. B._


Take three pounds of dried fruit; wash it in lukewarm water, through
three or four waters, rubbing it hard. Pour on this five quarts
boiling water; boil at least three hours. Just before taking from the
fire, add two teacups nice brown sugar. Do not stir, except
occasionally, to prevent sticking to the bottom. Try to cook the
pieces of fruit separate, except the apples, which run through a
colander and season with nutmeg. The other fruits need no
seasoning.--_Mrs. S. T._


Slice apples without peeling; cut and fry some thin slices of
breakfast bacon until thoroughly done; remove the slices from the
vessel, adding water to the gravy left. Put in apples and fry until
done, sweetening to taste.--_Mrs. G. B._


     8 pounds apples pared.
     4 pounds sugar.
     1 quart vinegar.
     1 ounce stick cinnamon,
     ½ ounce cloves.

Boil the sugar, vinegar, and spices together; put in the apples when
boiling, and let them remain until tender; then take them out and put
them in a jar; boil the syrup down, and pour over them.


Immediately after breakfast, wash two pounds prunes in several waters,
rubbing them in the hands.

Put in a preserving kettle with one gallon boiling water. Simmer three
or four hours. Add two teacups light brown sugar and boil till the
syrup is thick. Keep closely covered and do not stir, so each prune
may be stewed whole. Put in a shallow bowl and set to cool. This
amount will make two dishes.

Excellent side dish for winter or spring.--_Mrs. S. T._


Properly cooked, eggs are very wholesome and nutritious diet. Always
be certain, however, that they are fresh, before attempting to make a
dish of them. Some persons use Krepp's family egg-tester, to ascertain
if an egg is sound. Full directions, as to the mode of using it,
accompany the egg tester; so it is unnecessary to give them here. A
simple mode of testing the soundness of an egg, is to put it in water;
and if fresh it will sink to the bottom.


Let the water be boiling when you put the eggs in it, and let the eggs
boil three minutes after putting them in.--_Mrs. S. T._


Put the eggs in a large tin cup or any tin vessel convenient. Pour
boiling water over them, and let them remain near the fire, five
minutes. Do not let them boil. Eggs cooked thus are slightly jellied
throughout. They can be kept hot without becoming hard.--_Mrs. S. T._


Beat four eggs very light. Add a teacup milk, thickened with a
teaspoonful flour. Have the pan very hot, put in a tablespoonful
butter, pour in the eggs, and scramble quickly.--_Mrs. E._

_Scrambled Eggs._

Wash the pan with hot water and soap. Wipe dry. Grease with a little
lard. Break into this the eggs, adding a lump of butter and a little
salt. Stir till done.--_Mrs. B._


Heat in the oven a common white dish, large enough to hold the number
of eggs to be cooked, allowing plenty of room for each. Melt in it a
small piece of butter, break the eggs, one at a time, carefully in a
saucer, and slip them in the hot dish. Sprinkle over them pepper and
salt, and let them cook four or five minutes. It is a great
improvement to allow to every two eggs a tablespoonful of cream,
adding it when the eggs are first put in.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Boil some eggs perfectly hard. Halve them, take out the yolks, which
mix smoothly with some finely chopped or ground ham or fowl, salt and
pepper, and a few spoonfuls melted butter or salad oil. Cut a piece
off the bottom of each white half, to make them stand, and fill each
with a chopped mixture. Make a sauce of sweet cream, boiled within an
inner saucepan, and pour over the eggs. Decorate the edges of the dish
with sprigs of curled parsley.--_Mrs. A. M. D._


Break six eggs in a pan, beat them well together, add half a gill of
milk, pepper and salt to suit the taste, and a few sprigs of parsley
chopped fine. Beat all well together. Have the cooking-pan hot enough
to brown the butter. Put in half a tablespoonful of butter. Pour the
mixture in the pan or skillet to cook. When sufficiently done, roll
with a spoon and turn into the dish.--_Miss E. P._


Boil one pint milk in a shallow vessel.

Beat up four eggs very light; add salt, pepper, and a little flour,
making it of the consistency of paste. Put this into the boiling milk.
Have a pan well buttered, into which turn the mixture, and set inside
an oven to bake a light brown. Serve immediately.--_Mrs. J. D._


     6 eggs beaten very light.
     2 ounces butter.
     Salt and pepper to the taste.
     Chopped parsley or celery.

Fry a light brown in a well buttered pan. Some minced ham or oysters
improve the flavor.--_Mrs. R._


     4 eggs beaten separately.
     3 tablespoonfuls cream.
     Salt and pepper to the taste.--_Mrs. G. W. P._


Six eggs, whites and yolks beaten separately and very light. Put on
the stove a teacup milk with a piece of butter in it the size of a
walnut. When the butter is melted, mix in one tablespoonful corn
starch. Mix this with the yolks, add salt to the taste, then stir in
slowly the whites. Bake in a buttered pudding dish, fifteen minutes,
in a quick oven.--_Mrs. M. E. L. W._


Two cups bread crumbs soaked all night in one and one-half cup milk.
Add, next morning, three eggs, whites lightly stirred in; pepper, one
teaspoonful salt.--_Mrs. E. W._


     1 ounce minced ham.
     A little pepper.
     Eggs beaten very light and fried in lard.--_Miss E. W._


     3 eggs beaten to a thick froth.
     ½ teacup grated cracker.
     3 tablespoonfuls grated cheese.

Cook in a frying-pan with butter. Some persons add chopped thyme and
parsley.--_Mrs. P._


3 eggs (yolks and whites beaten separately).

Mix thoroughly one-half teacup milk and one teaspoonful of flour. Then
add it to the yolks (well beaten) together with a little salt. Pour
this mixture into a moderately hot pan, greased with butter. When this
is nearly done (which will be in about five minutes), add the whites,
stiffly frothed and slightly salted, spreading them over the whole
surface. Run a knife carefully around the edges, and turn into a
heated dish when done. It is an improvement to mix one-third of the
frothed whites with the yolks before pouring into the pan.--_Mrs. M.
C. C._


Let the eggs be perfectly fresh, and the pan at least two inches deep
in boiling water. Break the eggs carefully, just over the water or in
a spoon, so that they may be slipped into the water with their shape
preserved. Take them up in a large perforated spoon, cover with fresh
melted butter and sprinkle with salt--never pepper, as some persons do
not use it, and it mars the appearance of the dish.--_Mrs. S. T._

EGGS WITH TOAST. (_A Spring Dish._)

Cut bread in squares, and toast a light brown. Poach eggs nicely,
place each one on a piece of toast. Pour melted butter over them, and
serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Beat up three eggs with two ounces fresh butter or well washed salt
butter. Add a teaspoonful cream or new milk. Put all in a saucepan and
stir over the fire five minutes. When, it rises up, dish it
immediately on toast.--_Mrs. S._


Slice the ham rather thick. Fry in a hot pan. Before it becomes hard,
take from the pan and lay in a dish over a vessel of hot water.

Let the pan remain on the fire, so as to keep the ham gravy hot, that
it may cook the eggs nicely when dropped into it. Break the eggs
carefully, drop them in whole, and do not let them touch each other.
Cook a light brown, not allowing the yolks to get hard. Lay an egg on
each slice of meat.--_Mrs. S. T._

HAM AND EGG PUDDING. (_A Spring Dish._)

     6 eggs beaten very light.
     A light pint of flour.
     A pint of milk.
     A small piece of butter.
     Salt and pepper to the taste.

Sprinkle some slices of boiled ham (both fat and lean) with pepper,
and lay them across a deep dish that has been greased. Then pour the
pudding batter over the bacon and bake quickly. _Mrs. V. P. M._


Six eggs boiled hard and chopped fine, and stale bread. Put in a dish
alternate layers of chopped egg and grated bread. When the dish is
full, pour on one pint boiling milk seasoned with salt, pepper, and
one tablespoonful butter. Bake a light brown.--_Miss N._


Have ready eight or ten hard-boiled eggs, a cup of light grated bread
crumbs, butter, pepper and salt. Place in a buttered pudding dish a
layer of sliced eggs, dotted with bits of butter, and sprinkled with
salt and pepper; next a layer of bread crumbs, and so on to the top,
being careful to let the top layer be of bread crumbs.--_Mrs. A. M.


Take six hard-boiled eggs, slice, season with salt, pepper, and
butter, bake in a paste, top and bottom.


Boil six eggs very hard. Peel them, and after having sliced a bit off
of each end to make them stand well, cut in halves and extract the
yolks. Rub up the yolks with a pinch of pepper and salt, melted
butter, bread crumbs, and finely chopped celery. Fill in the whites
nicely, stand on end in the pan, lay bits of butter on each egg and
bake.--_Mrs. D. P._


If possible, use vegetables gathered early in the morning, with the
dew on them. It is even better to gather them late the evening before,
with the evening dew on them (setting them in the ice-house or some
cool place), than to gather them after the morning sun has grown hot.
If you are living in the city, get your vegetables from market as
early in the morning as possible.

As soon as gathered or brought from market, all vegetables should be
carefully picked over, washed, placed in fresh water, and set in a
cool place till the cook is ready to put them on for dinner.

Put them on in water neither cold nor boiling hot. The slow heating
that takes place when you put them on in cold water deprives them of
their flavor, to some extent, whilst too rapid heating toughens the
vegetable fibre.

Just before they are thoroughly done and tender, add sufficient salt
to season them. Do not stir them and mutilate them with a spoon, but
turn them into a colander and drain. Place them in a hot dish and put
a large tablespoonful of fresh butter over them.

In cooking dried peas and beans, as well as corn, put up in brine,
always soak them the overnight. These vegetables should first be
parboiled, whether they are to be used for soup or for side dishes.


Early in the morning, either buy the peas from market or have them
gathered in your garden, while the dew is on them. Shell and lay in
cold water till half an hour before dinner. Then put in boiling water
and boil steadily a half hour. Add a little salt, just before taking
from the fire. Drain, add a heaping tablespoonful fresh butter and put
in a covered dish.--_Mrs. S. T._


As soon as you get the asparagus from market or your garden, throw
into salt and water, after scraping the outer skin and tying up in
bunches. Put on to boil one hour before dinner. After boiling thirty
minutes, drain, cut in pieces half an inch long, and put in the
saucepan with enough milk to cover them. Just before serving, add one
tablespoonful fresh butter, in which one teaspoonful flour has been
rubbed. Season with salt and pepper.--_Mrs. S. T._

_To Cook Asparagus._

Wash well, scrape, cut off the tough end, tie up in bunches and put in
boiling water with a spoonful of salt. Boil thirty minutes or till
tender. Lay it on slices of toast in a dish, pour melted butter over
it, and serve hot.--_Mrs. P. W._


Wash them. Do not break or cut the roots. Leave an inch of the tops,
so that the color and juice cannot escape. Boil hard for two hours.
When tender, slice them, sprinkling over them sugar, then butter and
salt to the taste. Sugar is the greatest improvement.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil six onions in water, or milk and water with a seasoning of pepper
and salt. When done enough to mash, take them off, mash them with
butter, grate bread crumbs over them and set them to bake. Or place
them whole in the baking dish with butter and bread crumbs.


Boil till tender, in milk and water. Pour melted butter over them, and
serve; or chop up and stew with a little milk, butter, and salt.


Wash and slice them. Chop fine, put in a frying-pan and cover with
water. Simmer till the water is dried up, then fry brown, with a
large slice of fat pork. Add pepper and salt.--_Mrs. S. T._


Slice and chop fine, and put in weak salt and water till just before
dinner. Then drain off and dress with half a teacup vinegar, two
tablespoonfuls pepper vinegar, two tablespoonfuls made mustard, two
tablespoonfuls white sugar, one tablespoonful salt.

Lay a large lump of ice on top, and garnish with curled parsley;
which, eaten after onions, is said to remove the scent from the
breath.--_Mrs. S. T._


As soon as taken from the ground, put in cold water. Then put red and
white radishes alternately in a dish of fanciful design, ornamenting
with curled parsley, in the centre and around the edges.--_Mrs. S. T._


Wash carefully and put in cold water to keep crisp till dinner. Remove
all the green, as nothing is so ornamental as the pure white leaves of
bleached celery. If the ends of the stalks have been broken, split and
curl them.--_Mrs. S. T._


Early in the morning, string round, tender snaps. Throw into water and
set in a cool place, till an hour before dinner, when they must be
drained and thrown into a pot where the bacon is boiling.--_Mrs. S.


Prepare as above directed. Boil an hour in hot water, adding a little
salt, just before they are done. Drain and serve with pepper, fresh
butter and a little cream.--_Mrs. S. T._

TO STEW CYMLINGS (_or Squash, as it is sometimes called_).

Peel and boil till tender. Run through a colander. To a pint of pulp,
add one half pint rich milk, a heaping tablespoonful fresh butter and
a little salt. Stew till thick like marmalade. Pepper freely, pour
over it, if convenient, half teacup cream, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Steam or boil the cymlings (unpeeled), till tender. When cool, slice
and butter them, sprinkle pepper and salt and pour over them a
spoonful of eggs, lightly beaten. Sift over it cracker, pounded fine,
and fry a light yellow brown. Take from the frying pan, prepare the
other side the same way. Return to the pan and fry it a pale
brown.--_Mrs. S. T._


Fry some slices of fat bacon in a pan. Remove the bacon when done and
keep hot. Fry in the gravy some cymlings that have been boiled tender
and cut in slices. While frying, mash fine with a large spoon, and add
pepper and salt. Fry brown, and serve with the bacon, if you
like.--_Mrs. G. B._


After boiling and running through a colander, mix with an egg, season
with salt, pepper, and butter, make into cakes and fry a light brown.


Boil young cymlings, mash and run through a colander. Add one teacup
of milk, three eggs, a large lump of butter, pepper and salt.

Put in a buttered deep dish, and bake a light brown. For a change, you
might line the dish with thin slices of buttered bread, pour in the
cymling batter and put some pieces of butter and grated cracker on
top.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Strip off the outer shucks, leaving only the thin white ones. Cut off
the ends. Throw into boiling water. Boil an hour. Strip off the silk
with the shuck. Cut from the cob while hot. Sprinkle over salt, add a
tablespoonful fresh butter and serve hot.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 pint milk.
     3 eggs, whites and yolks beaten separately.
     3 tablespoonfuls melted butter.
     1 dessertspoonful white sugar.
     1 heaping teaspoonful cornstarch or flour.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     6 ears of corn.

With a sharp knife, slit each row of corn in the centre. Then shave in
thinnest slices. Add the corn to the yolks of the eggs, next the
butter, cornstarch, sugar, and salt, then the milk, gradually, and
last of all the whites. Bake in a hot oven. As soon as a light brown
on top, cover with a buttered paper. Grate cracker or bread crumbs
over it and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Corn pudding._

One dozen large ears corn. Cut off the top of the grain, scrape with a
knife, so as to get the heart of the grain without the husk. Season
with a teacup of cream, a large tablespoonful butter, salt and pepper
to the taste. Bake in a dish.--_Mrs. Dr. E._


     3 dozen ears corn.
     6 eggs, beaten well.
     3 tablespoonfuls flour
     Salt to the taste.

Grate the corn, add to it the flour, and gradually mix with the eggs.
Beat all hard together. Drop in oval shapes, three inches long, into a
pan, in which fry them brown, in equal parts of lard and butter. A
batter cake-turner is convenient for turning them.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

_Corn Fritters._

     8 large ears of corn, cut three times (not grated).
     2 eggs.
     1 teacup sweet milk (or more, if the corn is not juicy).
     2 teaspoonfuls flour.
     Salt and pepper to taste.

Make the mixture the consistency of a soft batter, and fry in lard or
butter.--_Mrs. A. W._


Make a batter as you would for fritters, put in pepper, salt, lard, or
butter, add to a quart of batter, a pint of corn, cut from the cob,
and fry.--_Mrs. A. P._


     1 quart peeled and sliced tomatoes (not scalded).
     1 cup sugar.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 dessertspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 roll of bread.

Spread a layer of tomatoes on the bottom of an earthen (never a tin)
baking dish. Put over it half the sugar, butter, pepper and salt, and
crumble half the roll over it in small bits. Then spread another layer
of tomato, sugar, etc., ending with the remaining half of the roll.
Grate cracker or hard brown biscuit on top, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Baked Tomatoes._

Scald and peel the tomatoes, or else peel thin with a sharp knife,
without scalding. Cut in small pieces, season with a little sugar,
salt, pepper, and finely minced onion. Grease a baking dish and line
it with thin slices of light bread buttered. Pour the tomatoes in the
dish, crumming up a little light bread on them. Spread on top a layer
of heavily buttered light bread, and bake.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Peel and chop tomatoes till you have a quart. Add one teacup brown
sugar, one teacup butter, one teacup bread crumbs. One tablespoonful
salt; one teaspoonful black pepper.

Stew till free from lumps and perfectly done. Pour in a deep dish,
sift powdered crackers over it, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Stewed Tomatoes._

Scald and peel the tomatoes, chop fine, season with salt, pepper,
onion, and a little sugar. Put in some pieces of buttered light bread,
cut up very fine. Add a lump of butter, and stew in a saucepan.--_Mrs.
V. P. M._


Peel and chop fine one quart of tomatoes, add salt and pepper, a
little onion minced fine, a half teacup grated bread. Beat five eggs
to a foam, stir into the tomatoes and turn the mixture into a hot pan,
greased with butter, stir rapidly till it begins to thicken. Let it
brown a few minutes on the bottom, then fold it half over and serve
hot. This dish may be made of canned tomatoes, when fresh cannot be
obtained.--_Mrs. I. G._


Slice tomatoes one-quarter inch thick. Put them in a skillet in which
a spoonful of nice lard has been melted. After getting hot, the skins
of the tomatoes may be removed. Sprinkle with salt and pepper, take
the tomatoes out, thicken the gravy with a teacup cream in which a
teaspoonful flour has been stirred. Put the tomatoes in a dish and
pour the gravy over them. Serve hot.--_Mrs. C. L. T._


Select fine ripe tomatoes. Pour boiling water over them so as to
remove the skins readily. Put them in a pan of melted butter, with
some pepper and salt. Shred cold meat or fowl over them. Fry
sufficiently, and serve hot.--_Mrs. A. D._


Put some canned tomatoes in a frying pan with a little butter and
salt. Cook lightly and pour over slices of toasted bread, buttered and
softened with cream.--_Mrs. Dr. G._


Slice a plateful large fresh tomatoes. Pour over them a dressing made
of the yolk of one egg and olive oil, creamed smoothly together; salt
and pepper to the taste; one teaspoonful prepared mustard, a little
vinegar. If you like, you may add sugar.--_Mrs. R. L. O._

_To dress Raw Tomatoes._

Peel and cut in thick slices six large ripe tomatoes which have been
kept on ice. Put a layer into a salad bowl, sprinkle with salt,
pepper, and powdered sugar. Put in another layer, and so on, till all
the tomatoes are disposed of. Pour over the top a teacup of weak
vinegar. Cover the top with ice, and set in the refrigerator ten
minutes before serving.--_Mrs. S. T._


Shell and throw into cold water. Put in boiling water an hour before
dinner; add some salt; when tender, drain off the water and add a
tablespoonful fresh butter. Beans are seldom cooked enough.--_Mrs. S.

_Lima Beans._

Shell and lay in cold water. Boil thoroughly, and then stew a little
with butter, pepper, salt, and cream.--_Mrs. R._


     1 pint shelled Lima beans.
     1 quart green corn, cut from the cob.
     1 quart tomatoes, prepared and seasoned as for baking.

Boil the corn and beans together till done, then drain off the water
and pour in a cup of milk, a tablespoonful of butter, and salt to the
taste. Let it boil up, and then pour in the tomatoes. Let all simmer
an hour. Baked or stewed dishes should have cracker or brown biscuit
grated on top, before sending to the table.--_Mrs. S. T._


Peel, cut lengthwise in thick slices and lay in water till just before
dinner. Wipe dry, sprinkle with pepper and salt, dip in beaten egg,
sift over pounded cracker and fry with the cover on till light brown.
Prepare exactly as egg-plant.--_Mrs. S. T._


Gather early in the morning, peel, lay in cold water till just before
dinner. Then drain, slice as thin as possible into ice water, which
drain and then fill a dish with alternate layers of sliced cucumber
and thinly sliced white onion, sprinkled with salt and pepper. Pour a
cup of weak vinegar over it and lay a lump of ice on top.--_Mrs. S.


Boil young okra till tender, in salt and water. Drain, add half a
teacup of cream, and a heaping tablespoonful butter. Let it boil up,
turn it out in a dish, sprinkle salt and pepper over it and serve hot.


Old potatoes must be nicely peeled and dropped in boiling water,
covered with a lid and boiled hard half an hour. Then drain off the
water and set by the fire. This makes them mealy.--_Mrs. S. T._


Peel and boil white mealy potatoes, till perfectly done. Take out one
at a time from the saucepan, which must be left on the fire. With a
large spoon, mash perfectly fine; add salt, a heaping tablespoonful
butter and a teacup rich milk. Stir rapidly ten or fifteen minutes and
send hot to the table. It is much lighter when well creamed and
beaten.--_Mrs. S. T._


Peel and boil in a saucepan, six large mealy white potatoes. Add a
little salt to the water. Take them out one by one, leaving the
saucepan on the fire. Rub through a sieve into a deep dish, letting it
fall in a mound. Do not touch with a spoon or the hand. Have a
sauce-boat of melted butter to serve with it at table.--_Mrs. S. T._


Shave the raw potatoes with a cabbage cutter. Drop the pieces, one at
a time, into boiling lard, and fry a rich brown. Sprinkle a little
salt over them.--_Mrs. R. L. O._


Peel and slice thin. Dry well in a cloth. Fry in lard, stirring till
crisp. Take up and lay on a sieve to drain. Sprinkle a little salt
over them.--_Mrs. R._


Mash potatoes, just boiled. Add salt, pepper, butter, and cream, make
into cakes, and fry brown on both sides.--_Mrs. P. W._


May be made by putting potatoes prepared exactly as above directed, in
a pudding dish, and baking.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut cold boiled potatoes in slices. Put in a pan with boiling water,
adding pepper, salt, and butter. Stew till thick, and serve.--_Mrs.
Dr. G._


Boil large, smooth potatoes till quite done. Peel and slice
lengthwise. Pour melted butter over them. Some persons like a dressing
of pepper, salt, butter, and cream. Others prefer butter, sifted
sugar, and grated nutmeg.


Parboil and cut in thick slices, sprinkling over them pepper, salt,
and sugar. Fry with a slice of fat pork. Take from the pan, sift over
them pounded cracker, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil till nearly done. Cut in thick slices; put a layer in the bottom
of a baking dish. Put pepper, salt, sugar, bits of butter, and a
teaspoonful vinegar on this layer, and so on till the dish is filled,
leaving a layer of seasoning for the top. Pour over it a teacup rich
milk. Put a tin plate on top and bake a few minutes. Put grated
cracker, on top.--_Mrs. S. T._


Steam them till done, peel and slice them. Put in a buttered
baking-dish a layer of yam, on which put sugar and some lumps of
butter. Fill up the dish in this way, and when full, pour over it milk
or cream, and bake brown.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


Put them on whole in a plenty of water, and let them simmer till
tender. Then take off the skin and divide them. Mash them well in a
deep dish, adding a large spoonful butter and some grated bread
crumbs. Grate bread crumbs on top, and brown it.

Purple egg-plants are best.--_Mrs. M._


Cut the egg-plant in thick slices, carefully paring each piece. Throw
it in salt and water, and let it remain there several hours. Take from
the water, drain and wipe. Then butter the slices of egg-plant, dip in
beaten egg, then in grated cracker, and fry a light brown. Pepper,
grate more cracker over them, and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Quarter the egg-plant and lay it in salt and water the overnight, to
extract the bitterness. The next day, parboil, peel and chop fine, and
add bread crumbs (one teacup to a pint of egg-plant), eggs (two to a
pint of egg-plant), salt, pepper, and butter to taste; enough milk to
make a good batter.

Bake in an earthen dish twenty minutes.--_Mrs. R. L. O._


Parboil the egg-plant. Take out the meat and mix it with butter,
pepper, salt, and bread crumbs. Fill the hulls with this mixture and
bake a dark brown. Cucumbers may be prepared by the same recipe.


Strip off the coarse outer leaves, cut the stalk, and lay several
hours in cold water. Then put in boiling water, with their leaves
downward. Keep covered with a plate. Boil steadily two or three hours.
Serve with butter, pepper, salt, mustard, and vinegar.--_Mrs. R._


Peel and slice parsnips. Boil them in a covered vessel with slices of
nice pork, until done, adding salt and pepper to taste.--_Mrs. G. B._


Peel and parboil the parsnips. Slice lengthwise, and fry with fat
pork, sprinkling over them salt, pepper, and sugar. Grate bread
crumbs over it and serve. Salsify may be cooked the same way.--_Mrs.
S. T._


Boil the parsnips till thoroughly done. Serve with salt, pepper,
butter, and cream; or mash the parsnips, mix with an egg batter, and
season as before.


Wash, trim, scrape the roots and cut them up fine. Boil till tender,
mash and season with pepper, salt, bread crumbs, butter, and milk. Put
in a dish and bake brown.--_Mrs. A. P._


Scrape and throw at once in water to prevent from turning dark. Boil
till tender in a closely covered vessel. Drain off the water and cut
the salsify in pieces half an inch long. Throw in a saucepan with

     1 teacup vinegar.
     1 teacup water.
     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     Salt and pepper to taste.

Just before serving, add the yolk of an egg, beaten up and mixed with
a little water. The seasoning above given is for one quart
salsify.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Another Way to Stew Salsify._

Prepare the salsify exactly as in the foregoing recipe. Boil till
tender, drain and cut in pieces, half an inch long, and then stew in
milk. Just before serving, add a tablespoonful of butter, rolled in a
teaspoonful flour. Let it boil up once. Pepper and salt it, grate
cracker over it and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


Prepare as for stewing. When perfectly tender, run through a colander.
Add grated cracker, two eggs, well beaten, one tablespoonful vinegar,
one tablespoonful butter, one teaspoonful salt, one teaspoonful sugar,
a little pepper. Make into oval cakes, roll in grated cracker, and fry
a light brown.--_Mrs. S. T._


Quarter a head of hard white cabbage, examine for insects, lay in salt
and water several hours. An hour before dinner, drain and put in a pot
in which bacon has been boiling--a pod of red pepper boiled with it
will make it more wholesome and improve the flavor of both bacon and
cabbage.--_Mrs. S. T._


Prepare exactly as directed in the foregoing recipe.

Boil an hour in a large pot of boiling water. Drain, chop fine, add a
tablespoonful butter, the same of cream, the same of pepper-vinegar,
and salt and pepper to your taste.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil nice, hard, white cabbage with good bacon.

When thoroughly done, chop fine and add a large lump of butter, one
teacup rich milk, three eggs beaten light, two teaspoonfuls mixed
mustard; pepper and salt to the taste.

Pour in a buttered deep dish; put on top dusted pepper, bits of fresh
butter, and grated cracker or stale bread.

Bake a light brown.--_Mrs. M. C. C._

_Cabbage Pudding._

Boil the cabbage till tender, chop fine and add four eggs, well
beaten, one pound bread crumbs, one teacup melted butter, milk enough
to make it as thick as mush, salt and pepper to the taste. Bake in a
dish till the eggs and milk are cooked.--_Mrs. McD._


Cut the cabbage very fine and sprinkle over it a tablespoonful flour.
Put a piece of butter, the size of an egg, in the oven to melt. Salt
and pepper the cabbage and put it in the oven with the butter. Mix
half a teacup of cream with the same quantity of vinegar, pour it over
the cabbage and heat thoroughly.--_Mrs. S. G._

_Warm Slaw._

Cut the cabbage (hard red is best) as for cold slaw. Put in a saucepan
one-quarter pound butter, two gills water, three gills vinegar, one
teaspoonful salt, and a little cayenne pepper. If you like, add a
garlic, minced fine. When this mixture has come to a boil, pour it
boiling hot over the cabbage, and cover it five or ten minutes, when
it will be ready for use.

_Warm Slaw._

Wash the cabbage, cut fine and put on the fire with enough water to
keep it from burning.

When sufficiently tender, have ready a dressing made of vinegar,
pepper, salt, mustard, a spoonful of butter rolled in flour, and
beaten eggs, all thoroughly mixed. Stir this quickly in the cabbage
and let it boil up.--_Mrs. Col. W._


Reserve some cabbage from dinner. Set it away till next morning. Chop
fine, season with pepper and salt, and fry brown with a slice of fat


Remove the outside leaves. Cut in four parts, tie them together, put
in boiling water and let them simmer till the stalk is thoroughly
tender, keeping it covered with water, and removing the scum. Boil two
hours, drain well and serve with melted butter. You may cook broccoli
by the same recipe, except that you cut it in two pieces instead of
four.--_Mrs. R._


Pick and soak several hours in cold water. Drain and shake each
bunch. Throw in boiling water and boil till tender. Take up with a
perforated skimmer. Put in a saucepan with a heaping tablespoonful
butter; pepper and salt to taste. Stir in three hard-boiled eggs,
chopped up. Let it simmer, stirring frequently. Put in a deep dish and
cover with nicely poached eggs, buttered, peppered, and salted.
Sea-kale may be prepared by the same recipe.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pick early in the morning. Wash one peck and put in cold water. Have
ready a pot of boiling water in which a piece of bacon has boiled
several hours, and the amount of water become much reduced. Take out
the bacon, put in the salad, put the bacon back on top of the salad,
and boil till very tender. Dip from the pot with a perforated skimmer,
lay in a deep dish, skim the fat from the liquor and pour over the
salad. Cover with nicely poached eggs. Cover and send to the table
hot. Any other kind of salad might be cooked by this recipe.--_Mrs. S.


Boil and mash through a colander. Season with a cup cream, spoonful
butter, pepper, and salt, and stew quite dry. Then you may bake
them.--_Mrs. Col. W._


Peel five or six turnips and put on to boil, adding a little salt to
the water. When thoroughly done, mash fine through a colander, season
with a teacup of cream, or milk, a tablespoonful butter, red and black
pepper, and a little more salt, if needed. Stew two or three minutes.
Cabbage prepared the same way is very nice.--_Mrs. C. M. A._


Gether your pees 'bout sun-down. The folrin day, 'bout leven o'clock,
gowge out your pees with your thum nale, like gowgin out a man's
eye-ball at a kote house. Rense your pees, parbile them, then fry 'em
with som several slices uv streekt middlin, incouragin uv the gravy to
seep out and intermarry with your pees. When modritly brown, but not
scorcht, empty intoo a dish. Mash 'em gently with a spune, mix with
raw tomarters sprinkled with a little brown shugar and the immortal
dish ar quite ready. Eat a hepe. Eat mo and mo. It is good for your
genral helth uv mind and body. It fattens you up, makes you sassy,
goes throo and throo your very soul. But why don't you eat? Eat on. By
Jings. Eat. _Stop!_ Never, while thar is a pee in the dish.--_Mozis


Shell early in the morning, throw into water till an hour before
dinner, when put into boiling water, covering close while cooking. Add
a little salt, just before taking from the fire. Drain and serve with
a large spoonful fresh butter, or put in a pan with a slice of fat
meat, and simmer a few minutes. Dried peas must be soaked overnight,
and cooked twice as long as fresh.--_Mrs. S. T._


Soak in boiling water the night before. Then next day parboil and
drain. Put in fresh water with a piece of middling or ham, and boil
till tender.--_Mrs. Col. W._


Soak overnight. Next morning, soak in fresh water till two hours
before dinner, when boil steadily in a covered saucepan two hours.
Drain and add a large spoonful fresh butter, and a little salt.--_Mrs.
S. T._


Late as possible in the fall prepare tender roasting ears for winter
use. Strip off the outer shuck, leaving the inner, silky ones next to
the grain. Have ready a nice clean wooden firkin or tub, properly
scalded and sunned. Sprinkle salt over the bottom. Pack closely with
corn. Wash a large flat rock and lay on the top, when nearly full.
Pour strong brine over the corn, covering it well. The day before
using, strip off the shuck and silk, place in a bucket of cold water
(renewing the water once, or twice), and let it stand till ready to
use it. Two ears soaked thus, and shaved into a pot of soup with other
vegetables, will impart a delicious flavor.--_Mrs. S. T._


For pickles and catsups, use the best cider vinegar, it being not only
more wholesome than other kinds of vinegar, but the only sort that
will keep pickles or catsup for any length of time.

In making catsup, or in scalding pickles in vinegar, if a brass kettle
is used, it must be scoured with sand and ashes, washed and wiped dry,
and then scoured with vinegar and salt. By attending to these
directions, the brass kettle may be safely used--though the pickles or
catsup must be poured from it the instant it is taken from the fire,
or they will canker.

In making pickles, it is a good rule to allow two pounds of sugar to
each gallon of vinegar for sour pickle, though a larger proportion
must be allowed for sweet pickle.

Vinegar for pickling should be spiced and set to sun from spring to
autumn. Never put pickle in a jar that has been used for butter or
lard. Examine often to see if the pickle is well covered with vinegar,
and if any of it has turned soft, remove it. Keep it in a dry, airy
closet, and be careful not to let it freeze. Pickle is generally
considered best when from six months to a year old. Some housekeepers
use the same vinegar (with a slight addition) from year to year, by
draining the pickle as they take it out of the jar.


     2 gallons cider vinegar.
     4 ounces white pepper, beaten.
     4 ounces whole allspice.
     4 ounces mustard-seed.
     2 ounces ground mustard.
     2 ounces of mace.
     2 ounces of turmeric.
     2 ounces of white ginger.
     2 ounces of garlic.
     2 ounces of horseradish.
     2 gills of celery-seed.
     2 sliced lemons.
     5 pounds of sugar.

This ought to be prepared several months before using, and always kept
on hand ready for use.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Pickle Vinegar._

     2 gallons vinegar.
     1 pint black mustard-seed.
     4 ounces ginger.
     3 ounces allspice.
     1 ounce cloves.
     4 ounces whole black pepper.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     3 pounds brown sugar.
     2 handfuls scraped horseradish.
     1 handful garlic.
     3 sliced lemons.

Make in May, and sun all summer.--_Mrs. D. R._


     2 gallons vinegar.
     1 cup bruised ginger.
     1 cup black mustard-seed.
     1 cup garlic.
     ½ cup black pepper.
     1 cup celery-seed.
     ½ cup of mace.
     ½ cup of cloves.
     ½ cup of turmeric.
     2   pounds brown sugar.
     1   pod red pepper.
     1   handful horseradish.--_Mrs. P. W._

Cucumbers (sliced), snaps, gherkins, muskmelons, cabbage, onions, or
anything to be put into the spiced vinegar, must be previously boiled
tender in strong vinegar and salt--well pressed out--and then put into
the pickle vinegar, will soon be ready for use.--_Mrs. J. J. C._


     2 gallons of pure cider vinegar.
     1 pint black mustard-seed.
     1 pint white mustard-seed.
     2 ounces ground mustard.
     4 ounces white ginger.
     3 ounces pepper.
     3 ounces allspice.
     1 ounce mace.
     1 ounce cloves.
     2 ounces turmeric.
     1 large handful horseradish.
     1 handful garlic.
     1 spoonful salt.
     1 gill celery-seed.
     6 lemons.
     5 pounds sugar.

The liquid should be mixed in the spring, and set in the sun.--_Mrs.
T. M. C._


     3 pounds of sugar.
     ½ ounce of mace, full weight, and beaten.
     ½ ounce of black pepper, full weight, and beaten.
     1 ounce ginger, light weight, and beaten.
     ½ ounce allspice, light weight.
     1/5 ounce cloves, light weight.
     ½ tablespoonful salt, light weight.
     ½ ounce celery-seed, light weight.
     2-1/5 ounces cinnamon, beaten.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


Vegetables for pickle should be kept in cold and strong brine till
they turn yellow: then put vine-leaves in the bottom of the kettle,
then a layer of vegetables and a layer of leaves till full. Pour on
them, boiling salt and water and let them boil until a bright green.
Take them, while hot, and place in weak vinegar for a whole week. Then
add them to the spiced vinegar. Afterwards rub on them a little
turmeric. Prepare the spiced vinegar in May, and expose to the sun
every day for some time.--_Mrs. R._


     2 gallons vinegar.
     2 pounds sugar.
     1 ounce turmeric.
     3 ounces allspice.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 ounce mace.
     1 pint mustard-seed.
     2 tablespoonfuls celery-seed.

Pound all together and stir into the hot cider vinegar for several
minutes. Prepare your vegetables by quartering the cabbage and
scalding them in brine; cover them and leave until cold; squeeze dry
and hang in the sun; when bleached, throw in plain vinegar, then into
the spiced vinegar.--_Mrs. P._

_Yellow Pickle._

     2½ gallons vinegar.
     7 pounds sugar.
     1 pound white mustard-seed.
     1 bottle mustard.
     1 pound white ginger.
     ½ pound white pepper.
     ½ pound turmeric.
     2 ounces nutmeg.
     2 ounces allspice.
     2 ounces cloves.
     2 ounces celery-seed.

Pound them all before putting in the vinegar, add one pound scraped
horseradish, half-dozen lemons sliced.

Scald two dozen onions, sprinkle them with salt, and let them stand a
day; drain off the water and wash well with the vinegar. Add them to
your spiced vinegar. Cut your cabbage and scald them in strong salt
water till you can run a straw through them; drain them for a day and
put into plain vinegar for two weeks; let them drain again a day or
two before putting into the prepared vinegar. Put two tablespoonfuls
turmeric in the plain vinegar to turn the cabbage yellow.--_Mrs. J. T.

_Yellow Pickle._

One peck cabbage cut up. Lay in a jar, sprinkling with salt; leave it
twenty-four hours; squeeze out and put in a kettle with half a dozen
onions chopped, cover with vinegar, add one ounce turmeric, and boil
one hour. Then add:

     2 pounds brown sugar.
     ½ ounce mace.
     ½ ounce allspice.
     ½ ounce cloves.
     4 tablespoonfuls mixed mustard.
     1 teacup black peppercorn.
     4 tablespoonfuls ground ginger.
     2 tablespoonfuls celery-seed.

Boil till clear.--_Mrs. S. B._

_Yellow Pickle._

     2 gallons cider vinegar.
     4 ounces beaten white pepper.
     4 ounces whole allspice.
     4 ounces white mustard-seed.
     4 ounces black mustard-seed.
     2 ounces mace.
     2 ounces turmeric.
     2 ounces white ginger.
     2 ounces ground mustard.
     3 ounces garlic.
     3 ounces horseradish.
     2 gills celery-seed.
     4 sliced lemons.
     5 pounds brown sugar.

Should be prepared months before using. Cabbage to be pickled should
be boiled or scalded in salt and water until the leaves can be turned
back so as to sprinkle salt between them; then must be dried in the
sun. Shake all the salt out when dry, and soak in plain vinegar, with
a little turmeric sprinkled on each layer of cabbage. After ten days,
drain them and put in the spiced vinegar.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 ounce turmeric.
     1 gill black pepper.
     1 gill celery-seed.
     A few cloves.
     A few pieces of ginger.
     4 tablespoonfuls made mustard.
     ½ ounce mace.
     2 pounds sugar.
     1 tablespoonful allspice.

Take one peck of quartered cabbage; slice them and put a layer of
cabbage and one of salt; let it remain over night. In the morning
squeeze them and put on the fire with four chopped onions, and cover
with vinegar; boil for an hour, then add the spices mentioned above,
and let it boil an hour longer; when cold it is ready for use.--_Mrs.
W. H. M._


Two gallons chopped cabbage, sprinkle one handful salt through it, and
let stand over night. Squeeze it out dry and put into a kettle. Add
one ounce of celery-seed, one ounce of turmeric, one quarter-pound of
mustard-seed, (black and white mixed), five pounds brown sugar, with
vinegar enough to cover the whole well.

Boil until the cabbage is tender. Put it in stone jars and keep it
closely covered. It is fit for use the day after it is made.--_Mrs. J.
C. W._


     2 ounces black mustard-seed.
     2 ounces white mustard-seed.
     2 ounces celery-seed.
     1 ounce coriander.
     1 ounce white pepper.
     1 ounce green ginger.
     2 ounces turmeric.
     1 pound brown sugar.

Put these in one and one-half gallons best cider vinegar, and set in
the sun. This can be prepared during the winter, if you choose.
Quarter your cabbages (small heads about the size of a large apple are
best), and put in a tub. Make a strong brine, boil and pour over
while hot. Let them stand twenty-four hours and then repeat. On the
third day spread them on a board or table, salt them slightly, and let
them stand in the hot sun four days, taking care that no dew shall
fall on them. Put in a jar, and pour on your prepared vinegar boiling
hot. This pickle will not be ready for the table till it has softened
and absorbed the vinegar. You can judge of this by your taste. To make
quick pickle by this recipe, you simply salt your cabbage for one
night, pouring off in the morning the water drawn out by the salt.
Then put in the kettle with the spices and vinegar, and boil until a
straw will go through.--_Mrs. J. B. D._


Boil the cabbage in salt and water till tender; lay them on dishes,
drain or press them in a towel.

Boil together two gallons strong vinegar.

     1 pint white mustard-seed.
     4 ounces ginger.
     3 ounces black pepper.
     3 ounces allspice.
     1 ounce mace.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 ounce turmeric.
     1 large handful horseradish.
     1 large handful garlic.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     2 pounds brown sugar.

Pour it over the cabbage boiling hot. If you have no garlic, use one
pint onions chopped fine.--_Mrs. H._


Fill the jar with cut cabbage. To every gallon of cabbage put one
handful horseradish.

     3 tablespoonfuls black pepper.
     ½ tablespoonful red pepper.
     3 tablespoonfuls coriander-seed.
     3 tablespoonfuls celery-seed.
     2 tablespoonfuls mace.
     2 tablespoonfuls allspice.
     1 dozen cloves.
     ½ teacup made mustard.
     4 tablespoonfuls white mustard-seed.
     1 pound sugar.
     4 or 5 sliced onions.

Salt your cabbage first as for slaw, and let it stand two or three
hours. Put in a porcelain kettle and cover with weak vinegar; put
turmeric enough to color, boil it till tender, then drain off the weak
vinegar, and cover it with strong cider vinegar, and mix the spices
well through it; add three or more tablespoonfuls turmeric, and boil
the whole fifteen minutes very hard. When cold, it is ready for
use.--_Mrs. S. M._


Cut the cabbage as for slaw, pour over it enough boiling brine to
cover it. Chop and scald a few onions in the same way, cover both, and
leave twenty-four hours; then squeeze in a cloth until free from
brine. If it should taste very salt, soak in clear water for a few
hours and squeeze again. Loosen and mix the cabbage and onions
thoroughly. To one-half gallon cabbage put:

     1 small cut onion.
     1 pound brown sugar.
     1 small box mustard.
     ½ pound white mustard-seed.
     1 small cup grated horseradish.
     ½ ounce mace.
     1 tablespoonful ground black pepper.
     2 ounces celery-seed.
     1 ounce turmeric.

Chopped celery and nasturtiums, if they can be had. Mix all, and
cover with cold vinegar. If necessary, add more vinegar after it has
stood awhile.--_Mrs. C. N._


Put the pickles in a strong brine, strong enough to bear an egg. Three
weeks is long enough for them to remain in brine, if you wish to make
your pickle early in the fall; but they will keep several months,
indeed all the winter, by having them always well covered with the

When ready to make your pickle, drain off _every drop_ of brine, and
pour boiling water over the pickles. Repeat this for three mornings in
succession. Then pour off this last water, and soak the pickles two
days in cold water, changing the water each morning. Next, pouring off
this water, scald the pickles _three_ mornings in weak vinegar,
weakening the vinegar by putting two quarts of water to one of
vinegar. This is the time for greening the pickles, by putting in the
jar or keg a layer of pickle, then sprinkling in a little powdered
alum, and so on, till the vessel is filled; then pouring on the
weakened vinegar. Only use the alum the first morning; but the other
mornings pour off the vinegar and pour on a fresh quantity. All this
is necessary, if you wish to have pickle perfectly free from the
brine, and in a condition to keep. Fill your jars with the pickle thus
prepared, and pour over them the best of vinegar, after seasoning it
and letting it boil a few minutes. Seasoning to one gallon vinegar:

     3 pounds brown sugar.
     1 tablespoonful allspice.
     1 tablespoonful of cinnamon.
     1 tablespoonful of ginger.
     1 tablespoonful of black pepper, all pounded.
     20 drops oil of cloves, or 3 ounces of cloves.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     1 pod red pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls grated horseradish.--_Mrs. C._

_Green Pickles._

Put the pickle in strong brine for two days; then boil the brine and
pour it over them hot. Repeat this twice. Then pour over them boiling
vinegar and water mixed, three successive times, at intervals of two
days. For a three-gallon jar take:

     1 teacup black pepper.
     1 teacup allspice.
     ½ teacup of ginger.
     ½ teacup of mace.
     ½ teacup of cloves, all beaten, but not fine.
     2 heads of cabbage chopped fine.
     2 teacups horseradish.
     8 onions chopped fine.
     1 quart mustard seed.

Take half of the beaten spices and mix with the latter ingredients,
also three cups of brown sugar; stuff the mangoes with this. Add the
rest to the vinegar with five pounds of sugar, and pour on the pickle

This makes very superior pickle.--_Miss S. S. V._

_Green Pickle_ [_3 gallons_].

     2 ounces mace.
     ½ pound ginger, scalded and sliced.
     2 ounces cloves.
     2 ounces cinnamon.
     2 ounces long pepper.
     2 ounces black pepper.
     2 ounces allspice.
     1 ounce nutmeg.
     ¼ pound horseradish scraped, sliced, but not _dried_.
     1 ounce turmeric.
     4 ounces black mustard-seed.
     1 ounce coriander-seed.
     2 ounces garlic, or onion.
     2 pounds brown sugar.

Prepare the cucumbers as follows: gather cucumbers, snaps, etc., and
put them in a large stone jar, pouring over them a strong brine which
has been boiled and skimmed--hot, but not boiling; cover with an old
table-cloth to keep the steam in. Let them stand about a week, then
take and soak twenty-four hours in cold water. Next put them in a
large kettle lined with grape leaves, and fill, covering with weak
vinegar. Sprinkle in a dessertspoonful of powdered alum, and cover
with grape leaves, setting on the stove until a beautiful bright
green. Put in a jar and pour this vinegar over them and let them stand
until next day; then dry the pickles with a cloth, and have ready the
jar, putting in a layer of the pickles with a layer of the seasoning
before mentioned; fill with strong cider vinegar. Tie up closely, and
keep in a warm, dry place.

The spices must be bruised or beaten tolerately fine before putting
with pickles; and a little salad oil added is an improvement.--_Mrs.
P. McG._


     2 gallons vinegar.
     3 tablespoonfuls ginger.
     2 tablespoonfuls celery-seed.
     1 tablespoonful cinnamon.
     2 tablespoonfuls turmeric.
     1 tablespoonful horseradish.
     1 tablespoonful garlic.
     2 tablespoonfuls pepper.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     1 teaspoonful of mace.
     1 teaspoonful of allspice; all the spices must be pulverized.

Add the garlic and horseradish when cold. Add two pounds sugar, which
must be boiled in the vinegar and poured over the spices. One
teaspoonful red pepper will improve it. Boil the vegetables in plain
vinegar before putting in the spiced vinegar.

Gherkins and snaps are made in the same way as cucumbers--_Mrs. S._


     ½ gallon vinegar.
     3 pounds brown sugar.
     2 tablespoonfuls cloves.
     2 tablespoonfuls allspice.
     2 tablespoonfuls mustard.
     2 tablespoonfuls celery.
     1 tablespoonful white ginger.
     1 tablespoonful cinnamon.
     1 tablespoonful black pepper.
     2 pods green pepper.
     4 lemons sliced.
     A little horseradish.
     12 onions, and as many cucumbers as the vinegar will well cover.

Boil all together until the cucumbers are tender, and they will be
ready for use in a week or so. To green the fruit: line your brass
kettle with grape-leaves, and then pour weak vinegar on the cucumbers,
cover with leaves, and boil a little while.--_Mrs. E. I._


     2 gallons good vinegar.
     1 cup bruised ginger.
     1 cup mustard-seed.
     1 cup garlic.
     2 onions chopped fine.
     ½ teacup black pepper.
     1 teacup celery-seed.
     ½ ounce mace.
     ½ ounce cloves.
     ½ ounce turmeric.
     1 pod red pepper.
     1 handful horseradish.
     3 pounds brown sugar.

After greening the cucumbers, put them in plain vinegar for a few
days. Then boil the spices in one gallon of the vinegar, and pour it
over the pickle boiling hot. Do this twice; it will be ready for use
in a week.--_Mrs. P. W._


Take fresh cucumbers (size for eating), put them in brine for a few
days; take them out, and put them in vinegar to soak for two days.
Then wipe them dry, cut them in pieces one inch thick. Make a
seasoning of a mixture of allspice, cloves, mace, nutmeg, and whole
black pepper, about two ounces to seventy-five cucumbers. Add
celery-seed, and onion chopped fine.

Take a large stone jar, put a layer of cucumber and a layer of the
mixture, with plenty of brown sugar (about eight pounds to a large
jar). In this way fill the jar, then cover it with strong vinegar: tie
the mouth up securely, put the jar in a pot of cold water, and boil
until the cucumber is tender, and they will be ready for use in a few
days.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._


Put them in a wooden or stone vessel, pour over strong salt and water
boiling hot, put a weight on to keep them under the pickle. After
three days, pour it off, boil, and turn it over again: let stand three
days again; then take them out and let them lie one night in plain
cold water; next day put them over the fire, but do not let them boil,
allowing one tablespoonful alum to one gallon vinegar; mace, cinnamon,
peppercorns, white and black mustard-seed and grated horseradish, one
tablespoonful each to every gallon vinegar, and one teaspoonful
turmeric, and two and one-half pounds sugar. Fold a double piece of
linen, and a soft, thick brown paper, and tie the jars tight; throw
in the vinegar and keep in a dry place. A bladder and linen cloth are
nice to be over the pots.--_Mrs. G. P._


Slice cucumbers and soak in brine a week; then soak in salt water
until the salt is extracted sufficiently. Boil in strong alum water
half an hour, then in ginger tea half an hour. Make a syrup of one
quart good vinegar, one pint water, three pounds sugar, to four pounds
cucumbers; season with mace, cinnamon, cloves, and celery-seed. Put in
the cucumbers and boil till the syrup is thick enough. Add some sliced
ginger.--_Mrs. S. M._


First lay the cucumbers in salt and water for one week or ten days;
next cut them in slices quarter of an inch thick. Then soak out the
salt and boil them in alum water half an hour, and afterwards in
ginger tea for one hour. Then make a syrup of one pint water, one
quart vinegar, three pounds sugar to every four pounds cucumbers.
Flavor with cloves, mace, and cinnamon. Boil all together until the
syrup is sufficiently thickened.--_Mrs. A. C._


Take them yellow, but not too ripe, scrape the seeds well out; lay
them in salt and water twenty-four hours, then make syrup same as for
peaches; in a week scald the vinegar again.--_Mrs. C._


Slice green tomatoes and onions; sprinkle each layer with salt; let
them stand until next day, then press all the juice out, and season
very highly with red and black pepper, celery, mustard seed, a little
turmeric, and some sugar; cover with vinegar, and cook until
tender.--_Mrs. M. D._


Slice and chop green tomatoes, until you have one gallon. Chop one
dozen large onions. Mix and sprinkle four large spoonfuls of salt upon
them, let it stand one night; next day drain off all the water, and
have one quart strong vinegar, two pounds sugar, spices and pepper to
your taste. Put in the vinegar, and put with the tomatoes in a
porcelain kettle; boil half an hour. Place in the jar for keeping and
cover closely. Three or four days afterwards, boil again for a few
minutes and put away for use.--_Mrs. L. P._

_Green Tomato Pickle._

     One peck tomatoes sliced.
     One dozen onions.

Sprinkle with salt, and lay by twenty-four hours; then drain them.

     3 pounds sugar to one gallon vinegar.
     1½ ounces ground pepper.
     1 ounce whole cloves.
     1 ounce mustard-seed.
     1 ounce allspice.
     1 cup mustard, mixed.

Put all in a kettle, with vinegar enough to cover; boil till
tender.--_Mrs. S. B._


     16 pounds tomatoes.
     7 pints good cider vinegar.
     4 pounds brown sugar.
     ½ pint celery-seed.
     ½ pint mustard-seed.
     1½ pints onions, cut fine.
     1 teacup ground mustard.
     ½ ounce mace.
     2 ounces cinnamon.
     1 ounce allspice.
     ½ ounce cloves.
     ¼ pound black pepper.

Put all of the spices in the vinegar, and boil one hour. Then put in
the tomatoes, which you must slice the night before, and put one layer
of salt and one of tomatoes. Drain the water off, and boil the
tomatoes in the spiced vinegar till done.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Peel and slice the tomatoes. To two gallons add:

     5 tablespoonfuls ground mustard.
     2½ tablespoonfuls ground black pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls ground allspice.
     2 tablespoonfuls ground cloves.
     3 gills white mustard-seed.
     1 gill celery-seed.
     1 gill salt.
     1 pint onions, chopped fine.
     2 quarts brown sugar.
     2 quarts vinegar.

Beat all the spices, except the mustard-seed, and boil together until
thick as marmalade.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Green Tomato Sauce._

     2 gallons tomatoes, sliced.
     3 tablespoonfuls salt.
     3 gills of mustard-seed, whole.
     2½ tablespoonfuls pepper.
     1½ tablespoonfuls allspice.
     3 tablespoonfuls mustard, beaten smooth.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     1 teaspoonful cinnamon.
     1 teaspoonful celery-seed.
     1 pint onions, chopped fine.
     1 quart sugar.
     2½ quarts vinegar.

Mix thoroughly and boil till done.--_Mrs. P. McG._


Peel small tomatoes with a sharp knife; scald in strong ginger tea
until clear. To four pounds tomatoes, two pounds sugar, not quite one
quart vinegar; cinnamon, mace, nutmeg, to taste.

Scald the tomatoes and pour on boiling hot.--_Mrs. J. H. F._

_Sweet Tomato Pickle._

Boil green tomatoes in strong ginger tea for ten minutes. Then take
out, and to every two pounds add one quart of vinegar, one pound
sugar, cinnamon, cloves and mace to your taste.--_Mrs. P._

_Sweet Tomato Pickle._

Slice one gallon green tomatoes, and put a handful salt to each layer
of tomatoes. Let them stand twelve hours, then drain off the liquor,
and add to them two green peppers, and from two to four onions,
sliced; take two quarts vinegar, half a pint molasses, two
tablespoonfuls mustard, one teaspoonful allspice, and one of cloves;
heat it until it begins to boil, then put in tomatoes, onions, and
peppers; let them boil ten minutes: pour into a stone jar, and seal
tight. In a fortnight they will be ready for use.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


To one-half bushel nicely chopped tomatoes, which must be squeezed
dry, add two dozen onions, chopped fine, one dozen green peppers,
chopped, one box ground mustard, one large root horseradish, nearly
one pint salt, four tablespoonfuls ground cloves, four tablespoonfuls

Mix thoroughly in a stone jar and cover with vinegar, making a hole in
the centre to let the vinegar to the bottom.--_Mrs. B._


Puncture the tomato with a thorn or straw. Put a layer of tomatoes,
with onions cut up. Sprinkle salt on them, then put another layer of
tomatoes and onions, with salt sprinkled over them. When you have
filled the jar or vessel with tomatoes, let them remain about a week,
then lay them in dishes to drain. Give each tomato a gentle squeeze,
to get the salt water out. Put them in a jar and cover with strong
vinegar. Boil a small quantity of vinegar with pepper, horseradish,
and such other spices as you like, and pour it over the tomatoes. To
two gallons of tomatoes, use a box of mustard dissolved in the
vinegar.--_Mrs. C. C._


Scald and peel fully ripe tomatoes, then cut them up, if large. To
twelve pounds add six pounds sugar, one tablespoonful beaten cloves,
one tablespoonful spice and one tablespoonful cinnamon.

Boil all in a kettle until the syrup becomes the thickness of
molasses. Then add one quart of strong vinegar and boil for ten
minutes. Put away in quart jars--_Mrs. McG._


     1 gallon cabbage.
     ½ gallon green tomatoes.
     ¼ gallon onions,--all chopped fine.
     4 tablespoonfuls salt.
     2 tablespoonfuls ginger.
     2 tablespoonfuls cloves.
     1 tablespoonful cinnamon.
     2 tablespoonfuls mustard.
     1½ pounds brown sugar.
     Plenty of celery-seed.
     ½ gallon strong vinegar.

Boil the whole one-half hour.--_Mrs. H. D._

_Hyden Salad._

Cut one gallon cabbage as for slaw, one-half gallon green tomatoes.
Cut up one pint green pepper, taking out the seed carefully and
cutting up the pod (do not use the seed), one quart onions cut up, and
the water pressed from them and thrown away.

Mix all these, and sprinkle through them 2 tablespoonfuls salt, and
let them stand over night. Then take:

     2 pounds sugar.
     3 large spoonfuls ginger.
     3 large spoonfuls turmeric.
     3 spoonfuls celery-seed.
     3 spoonfuls ground mustard.
     2 spoonfuls allspice.
     2 spoonfuls cinnamon.
     1 spoonful cloves.
     1 spoonful mace.

Beat all fine, and mix with the salad; pour over the whole three
quarts good vinegar, and simmer for twenty minutes. Ready for use very
soon, and very good.--_Mrs. C. M. A._

_Hyden Salad._

     1 gallon cabbage, chopped fine.
     ½ gallon green tomatoes, chopped fine.
     ½ pint green pepper, chopped fine.
     1 pint onions, chopped fine.

Sprinkle salt, and let it stand overnight; next morning, pour boiling
water over, and squeeze dry. Take:

     2 ounces ginger.
     4 tablespoonfuls ground mustard.
     1 ounce cinnamon.
     1 ounce cloves.
     2 ounces turmeric.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     2 pounds sugar.
     2 spoonfuls salt.
     ½ gallon vinegar. Boil ten minutes.--_Mrs. H._

_Hyden Salad._

     Cut up fine, 1 gallon cabbage.
     ½ gallon green tomatoes.
     ½ pint green pepper.
     1 quart onions minced, the juice thrown away.

Add to all these:

     4 tablespoonfuls ground mustard.
     2 tablespoonfuls ginger.
     1 tablespoonful cinnamon.
     1 tablespoonful cloves.
     2 ounces of turmeric.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     2 pounds sugar.
     2 tablespoonfuls salt.

Mix all well together, add one-half gallon good vinegar, and boil
slowly twenty minutes. Take the seed out of the green pepper. Make
late in the summer.--_Mrs. R._

_Hyden Salad._

     1 gallon of finely chopped cabbage.
     1½ gallon green tomatoes.
     1 pint green peppers--½ pint will do.
     1 quart onions.
     ½ pint horseradish.
     1 pound sugar.
     ½ gallon vinegar.
     4 tablespoonfuls ground mustard.
     2 tablespoonfuls ginger.
     1 tablespoonful cloves.
     1 tablespoonful cinnamon.
     1 tablespoonful celery-seed.
     2 spoonfuls salt.

Beat the spice well, mix all together well, and boil fifteen minutes.

Black peppers can be used instead of the green, one tablespoonful
ground.--_Mrs. E. C. G._


     1 pound race ginger, well soaked, beaten and dried.
     1 pound horseradish.
     1 pound white mustard-seed.
     1 pound black mustard-seed.
     2 ounces ground mustard.
     2 ounces black pepper.
     2 ounces turmeric.
     2 ounces cloves.
     ½ ounce mace.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     2 pounds sugar.

Beat the ingredients together in a mortar, and mix the mustard with as
much olive oil as will make a paste. Then after the mangoes have been
in brine two weeks, and greened as you would cucumbers, stuff them; if
any filling is left, sprinkle between the layers in the jar. Pour over
as much boiling vinegar as will cover them.--_Mrs. T. C._


Put the mangoes in strong brine for five days. Wash them, and remove
the seed.

Stuffing for the same.

     1½ pound white mustard-seed.
     ¼ pound pounded ginger.
     ½ pound black pepper, pounded.
     4 tablespoonfuls celery-seed.
     3 ounces mace.

Mix these ingredients with as little oil as possible, stuff the
mangoes with it, adding scraped horseradish and one blade of garlic.
Pour cold vinegar over them, and one pound salt. Press the mangoes
under the vinegar, and watch them closely. It is well to scald the
vinegar in the spring.--_Mrs. H. T._


After taking them from the brine, lay them in a kettle with grape-vine
leaves between each layer of mangoes; a little alum sprinkled on each
layer. Let them simmer all day, changing the leaves if necessary. If
not green enough, put them on the second day.--_Mrs. E._


To a three-gallon jar of mangoes prepared for the vinegar, take:

     1 teacup black pepper.
     1 ounce allspice.
     ½ ounce ginger.
     ½ ounce mace.
     ½ ounce cloves, beat well, but not fine.
     Take one head of raw cabbage.
     8 onions.
     2 teacups of horseradish.
     1 quart of mustard-seed.

Take half the beaten spices, and mix with the latter ingredients, also
three cups of brown sugar; besides, put one teaspoonful brown sugar in
each mango before you put in the stuffing.

It takes five pounds of sugar for a three-gallon jar. The balance of
the sugar mix with the spice and vinegar enough to cover the
pickle.--_Mrs. H. C._


     1 pound black mustard-seed.
     1 pound white mustard-seed.
     2 pounds chopped onion.
     1 ounce mace.
     1 ounce nutmeg.
     2 handfuls black pepper.
     1 ounce turmeric, well mixed with cold water.
     Pound the mace, nutmeg, and pepper.
     1 cup sweet oil.
     ½ pound English mustard.
     4 pounds brown sugar.

Mix all these well together, throwing in little bits of mango or


Pour boiling salt water over the peaches--let them stand two days;
take them out and slit them on one side, and put them in turmeric
vinegar for two days. Extract the seed, stuff and sew them up, and put
in the prepared vinegar. Prepare the stuffing as follows: chop some of
the peaches from the turmeric vinegar, add a large quantity of
mustard-seed, celery-seed, a good deal of brown sugar--one pound to
two and a half pounds peaches; ground ginger, cinnamon, cloves,
pepper, turmeric, and any other spices, if you like. Onions chopped
fine. Vinegar to be seasoned the same way; and any of the stuffing
left may be put in the vinegar.--_Mrs. C. C._

_Peach Mangoes._

Remove the stones from large white Heath peaches by cutting in halves.
Stuff them with white mustard-seed, a little pounded mace, turmeric,
and celery-seed. Sew them up, and drop them in with the yellow
cabbage.--_Mrs. H. T._

_Peach Mangoes._

Pour boiling salt water over the peaches, let them stand two days;
then take them out, slit them on the side, and put them in turmeric
vinegar for two days or longer. Take them out, extract the seed, stuff
them, sew them up, and put into the prepared vinegar. To prepare the

Chop up some of the peaches, add a large quantity of white
mustard-seed, a good deal of brown sugar, some ground ginger,
cinnamon, cloves, pepper, turmeric, celery-seed, also a great deal of
chopped onion. Vinegar, seasoned with same ingredients. Quantity of
spices can be regulated by your taste.--_Miss S._

_Peach Mangoes._

Take large plum peaches, sufficient quantity to fill the jar. Peel
nicely, and take out the stones. Have ready the stuffing in proportion
to the peaches. Mince fine some soft peaches, preserved orange peel,
preserved ginger, coriander-seed, celery-seed, a small quantity mace,
cinnamon, candied strawberries, if you have them, and pickled
cherries. Sew the peaches up, after stuffing them, and fill the jar.
Then to every pound coffee sugar add one-half pint vinegar, allowing
the above quantity to two pounds fruit. Make a syrup of the sugar and
vinegar, and pour on the peaches, boiling-hot. Repeat this for three
mornings; the fourth morning put them all on together, and boil a
short time; add a few spices, cinnamon, and ginger to the syrup when
you make it. They will be ready for use in a few weeks.--_Mrs. R._


With a sharp knife take the cap out of the pod, then scrape out the
seed. Lay the pods in weak salt and water for one hour.

Take hard cabbage, chop them very fine, and to every quart of cabbage,

     1 tablespoonful salt.
     1 tablespoonful pulverized black pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls white mustard-seed.
     1 teaspoonful ground mustard.

Mix all this well together, drain the peppers, and stuff them with the
mixture, and replace the cap.

Pack them closely in a stone jar, with the small end downwards. Do
this until the jar is filled; then pour on them strong cold vinegar.
They are ready for use in three weeks. You can use spices and sugar,
if preferred.--_Mrs. W. A. S._


After the walnuts have been in brine six weeks, scrape and wipe them
with a coarse towel. Put them in plain vinegar, and let them remain
for a week or two. Drain them well--place in a jar, and pour over them
vinegar spiced and prepared as for yellow pickles, omitting the
turmeric and lemons, and using black pepper instead of white.--_Mrs.
S. T._


The walnuts must be quite green and tender. First soak them in fresh
water, then rub off with a coarse towel. The walnuts must be kept in
brine a week, and then soaked in clear water for several hours. Boil
them in vinegar a little while--this time put water in the vinegar;
then put them in good strong vinegar, a portion of which must be
boiled and poured over them four successive mornings. Season with
cinnamon, mace, cloves, and add two pounds sugar to one gallon
vinegar, or in proportion to quantity of pickle.--_Mrs. C. C._

_Walnut Pickle._

Gather the nuts about the 10th or 20th of June, when they are
sufficiently tender to be pierced with a pin; pour boiling salt water
on, and let them be covered with it nine days, changing it every third
day. Put them on dishes to air, until they are black; then soak out
the salt, and put them in weak vinegar for a day or two; put into the
jar, and pour on hot the following pickled vinegar:

     7 ounces ginger.
     7 ounces of garlic.
     7 ounces of salt.
     7 ounces of horseradish.
     ½ ounce red pepper.
     ½ ounce of orange peel.
     ½ ounce of mace.
     ½ ounce of cloves, all boiled in 1 gallon strong vinegar.
     1 ounce black pepper also.--_Mrs. J. H. F._

_Walnut Pickle._

Put the walnuts in salt water for five or six weeks; then in fresh
water for twenty-four hours; boil in weak vinegar and water until soft
enough to run a straw through. Then rub them with a coarse towel; make
a strong liquor of vinegar, horseradish, garlic, and mace; pour on,
and leave them till ready for use, in two or three weeks.--_Mrs. T._


Take one gallon pot full of martinas. Make a brine strong enough to
bear an egg; keep them covered for ten days. Take them out and wash
them in cold water, then put them in cold vinegar. Let them remain for
ten days; drain them, and put them in the jar intended for use. In
half a gallon of vinegar scald a large handful of horseradish, scraped

     A cupful black pepper.
     1 cupful ginger.
     ½ cupful black mustard-seed.
     3 tablespoonfuls of beaten cloves.
     3 onions sliced fine.
     1 pod red pepper.
     3 pounds brown sugar.

Pour them over the pickle, and fill with cold vinegar.--_Mrs. S. D._


Put three gallons of martinas in very strong brine, keep covered for
ten days, then wash them in cold water, and put them in vinegar to
stand ten more days; then drain and put them in the jar intended for
them. In three pints of vinegar, scald:

     A large handful of scraped horseradish.
     1 cup allspice.
     ½ cup black pepper.
     1 cup of ginger.
     ½ cup of black mustard.
     3 large spoonfuls of cloves, all beaten.
     3 onions sliced.
     1 pod red pepper.
     3 pounds brown sugar.

Pour it over the martinas, and fill up with cold vinegar.--_Miss E.


Put the martinas in a strong brine of salt and water, let them remain
a week or ten days. Then wash them, and put them in cold vinegar, to
soak the salt and greenish taste out of them. When ready to pickle,
lay them out to drain; scald the following ingredients in a gallon of
vinegar, and pour over them in a jar; if not full, fill up with cold

     1 large handful of sliced horseradish.
     1 teacup of allspice.
     ½ cup of black pepper.
     ½ cup of mustard-seed (black).
     2 tablespoonfuls cloves.
     2 pounds brown sugar.
     3 or four onions, sliced.

The spices to be beaten, but not too fine. This quantity fills a
two-gallon jar.--_Mrs. J. J. M._


     ½ peck green tomatoes.
     2 large cabbages.
     15 onions.
     25 cucumbers.
     1 plate horseradish.
     ½ pound mustard-seed.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     2 ounces ground pepper.
     2 ounces turmeric.
     ½ ounce cinnamon.

Cut the onions, tomatoes, cucumbers and cabbage in small pieces; pack
them down overnight in salt, lightly; in the morning pour off the
brine, and put them to soak in weak vinegar two days; drain again, and
mix the spices. Boil half a gallon vinegar and three pounds sugar, and
pour over them hot. Mix two boxes ground seed.--_Mrs. R. A._


     ½ peck onions.
     ½ peck green tomatoes.
     5 dozen cucumbers.

Slice all very fine, and put in a few whole cucumbers, one pint small
red and green peppers; sprinkle one pint salt over them, and let them
stand all night; then add:

     1 ounce mace.
     1 ounce white mustard-seed.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     1 ounce turmeric.
     1 ounce whole cloves.
     3 tablespoonfuls ground mustard.
     2 pounds brown sugar.
     1 stalk horseradish, grated fine.

Cover all with one gallon and one pint of strong vinegar, and boil
thirty minutes.--_Miss E. T._


     ½ peck onions.
     ½ peck green tomatoes.
     3 dozen large cucumbers.
     4 large green peppers.
     ½ pint small peppers, red and green.

Sprinkle one pint salt on, and let them stand all night; the cucumbers
not peeled, but sliced one inch thick, the onions also sliced. In the
morning drain off the brine, and add to the pickles:

     1 ounce mace.
     1 ounce black pepper.
     1 ounce white mustard-seed.
     1 ounce turmeric.
     ½ ounce cloves.
     ½ ounce celery-seed.
     3 tablespoonfuls made mustard.
     2 pounds brown sugar.
     With a little horseradish.

Cover with vinegar, and boil till tender, a half-hour or more. When
cold, ready for use.--_Mrs. C. N._


     1 gallon chopped cabbage.
     4 onions.
     2 pounds brown sugar.
     2 pints strong vinegar.
     2 tablespoonfuls black pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls of allspice.
     2 tablespoonfuls of celery-seed.
     ½ pint mustard-seed.
     1 tablespoonful ground mustard.

The cabbage and onions must stand in strong salt and water two hours,
then place in a brass kettle, with the vinegar and spices, and sugar;
boil until syrup is formed. Excellent.--_Mrs. J. H. F._


The recipe is for one gallon pickle; for more, the quantities must be
increased, of course. The ingredients consist of:

     ¼ peck green tomatoes.
     1 large head of cabbage.
     6 large onions.
     1 dozen cucumbers.
     ½ pint grated horseradish
     ½ pound white mustard-seed.
     ½ ounce celery-seed.
     A few small onions.
     ½ teacup ground pepper.
     Turmeric, ground cinnamon.
     A little brown sugar.

Cut the cabbage, onions and cucumbers into small pieces, and pack them
down in salt one night; then put in vinegar, poured over hot. Do this
three mornings. The third morning, mix one box ground mustard with
one-quarter pint salad oil. To be mixed in while warm.--_Mrs. O. B._


     ½ peck green tomatoes.
     2 large heads cabbage.
     15 large white onions.
     25 cucumbers.

Cut these up, and pack in salt for a night. Drain off, and then soak
in vinegar and water for two days. Drain again. Mix with this, then:

     1 pint grated horseradish.
     ½ pint small white onions.
     ½ pound white mustard-seed.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     ½ teacup ground black pepper.
     ½ teacup turmeric.
     ½ teacup cinnamon.

Pour over one and a half gallons boiling hot vinegar. Boil this
vinegar for three mornings; the third morning, mix with two boxes
mustard, three pounds brown sugar, and half-pint sweet oil.--_Mrs. J.
B. D._


Powder cloves, mace, and allspice, and mix well together.

To every pound fruit add one-quarter pound sugar, one gill vinegar,
one teaspoonful of the mixed spices. Boil all together, and when the
fruit is done, take from the syrup, and lay on dishes. Let the syrup
cook thoroughly. Put the fruit in jars, and pour on the syrup. Cover
when cool.--_Mrs. D. R._


     1 pound peaches.
     ½ pound sugar.
     1 pint vinegar.

Mace, cloves, cinnamon; boil the ingredients every day, for six days,
and pour over the peaches.--_Mrs. F. D. G._


Take nine pounds ripe peaches, rub them with a coarse towel, and halve
them. Put four pounds sugar and one pint good vinegar in the kettle
with cloves, cinnamon, and mace. When the syrup is formed, throw in
the peaches a few at a time; when clear, take them out and put in
more. Boil the syrup till quite rich; pour it over the peaches.

Cherries can be pickled in the same way.--_Mrs. C. C._


Make a syrup with one quart vinegar and three pounds sugar; peel the
peaches and put them in the vinegar, and let boil very little. Take
out the fruit, and let the vinegar boil half an hour, adding cinnamon,
cloves, and allspice.--_Mrs. A. H._


Take peaches pretty ripe, but not mellow; wipe with flannel as smooth
as possible; stick a few cloves in each one. One pound sugar to one
pint vinegar. Allow three pounds sugar and three pints vinegar to one
pan peaches. Scald the vinegar, then put on the peaches; boil till
nearly soft, then take out and boil the vinegar a little longer, and
pour over the fruit.--_Mrs. G. P._

_Pickled Peaches._

Put the peaches in strong brine, and let them remain three or four
days; take them out, and wipe them dry; put them in a pot with
allspice, pepper, ginger, and horseradish; boil some turmeric in your
vinegar. Pour it on hot.--_Miss E. T._


     1 pound fruit.
     ½ pound sugar
     ½ pint vinegar.

Dissolve sugar and vinegar together; put a small quantity of fruit;
boil until you can stick a straw through it. Season with cinnamon and
mace. Rescald the vinegar, and pour over the fruit for nine
mornings.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

SWEET PICKLE. (_Honolulu Melon._)

     4 pints vinegar, very clear.
     4 pints sugar.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 ounce cinnamon.

Put all to boil, then drop in the melons, as much as the vinegar will
cover, and boil fifteen minutes. Put them in jars, and every day, for
two or three days, pour off the vinegar, boil it over, and pour on the
pickles until they seem done.--_Mrs. M. W. T._


Cut up ripe melons into small square pieces, peel and scrape out the
soft pulp and seeds, soak one night in alum water, and then boil in
strong ginger tea. Then to each pound of fruit add three-quarters of a
pound loaf sugar, mace, cinnamon, and white ginger to the taste, and
cover with best cider vinegar. Boil till it can be pierced with a
straw, then set aside, and the next day pour off, and boil the syrup
until it thickens a little, and return to the fruit
boiling-hot.--_Mrs. F. F. F._

_Cantaloupe Pickle._

Pare and cut in small pieces, cover with vinegar; pour off and
measure, and to each pint put three-quarters of a pound brown sugar;
cloves and mace to your taste.

Boil the syrup, put in the fruit and boil until clear; then take out
the fruit, boil a few minutes longer, and pour it on the pickles, hot.
When cold, it is ready for use.--_Mrs. E. I._

_Cantaloupe Pickle._

Take four or five cantaloupes, quarter, and cover with vinegar; to
stand twenty-four hours. Then measure off the vinegar, leaving out one
quart. To each quart, add three pounds brown sugar, cinnamon, cloves,
and mace to the taste. Place the spiced vinegar over the fire, and
when it has boiled awhile, drop in the fruit, cooking it thirty or
forty minutes.--_Mrs. R. P._


Take hard melons, after they are sufficiently ripe to be well
flavored. Slice them lengthwise, scrape out the seed, and lay the
melon in salt over night; wash and wipe dry, put them in alum water
one hour, wash and wipe them again; cut them in slices and pack in
jars. Pour over them a syrup of vinegar seasoned with cinnamon and
cloves; put three or four pounds of sugar to one gallon vinegar, and
boil until it is right thick.--_Mrs. A. C._


Trim the rinds nicely, being careful to cut off the hard coating with
the outer green. Weigh ten pounds rind and throw it in a kettle, and
cover with soft water; let this boil gently for half an hour, take it
off and lay it on dishes to drain. Next morning put one quart vinegar,
three pounds brown sugar, one ounce cinnamon, one ounce mace, the
white of one egg well beaten and thrown on top of the liquid (to clear
it as you would jelly), three teaspoonfuls turmeric, all together in a
kettle, and boil for a few minutes; skim off what rises as scum with
the egg. Throw in the rind, and boil for twenty minutes. The peel of
two fresh lemons will give a nice flavor, though not at all
necessary.--_Mrs. L. W. C._


     4 pounds watermelon rind.
     2 pounds sugar.
     1 pint vinegar.
     Mace, cloves, cinnamon, and ginger to the taste.

Peel the rind and cut in pieces; boil in ginger tea till clear, then
throw in cold water overnight. Next morning make a syrup and preserve
the rind; just before taking off the fire, pour in the vinegar.--_Mrs.
A. T._


Ten pounds melon, boil in water until tender. Drain the water off.
Make a syrup of two pounds sugar, one quart vinegar, one-half ounce
cloves, one ounce cinnamon; boil all this and pour over rind
boiling-hot; drain off the syrup and let it come to a boil; then pour
it over the melons.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._


Cut in pieces and soak the rind in weak salt and water for twenty-four
hours--of course having first peeled off the outside. To seven pounds
rind put three pounds sugar; scald well in ginger tea, and make a
syrup of the sugar and vinegar, enough to cover the rind. Season the
syrup with mace and ginger, and boil the rind in it till tender. A
delicious pickle.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


     7 pounds sweet blue plums.
     4 pounds brown sugar.
     2 ounces stick cinnamon.
     2 ounces whole cloves.
     1 quart vinegar.

Put a layer of plums and spice alternately; scald the vinegar and
sugar together; pour it on the plums; repeat for two or three days,
the last time scalding plums and syrup together.--_Mrs. W._


Take seven pounds damsons, wash and wipe them dry, three pounds sugar,
one-half ounce cinnamon, half-ounce mace, half-ounce cloves,
half-ounce allspice.

With one quart strong vinegar and the sugar make a syrup, and pour it
over the fruit boiling-hot. Let it stand twenty-four hours; repeat the
boiling next day, and let it remain twenty-four hours longer; then put
all on the fire together and cook till the fruit is done.--_Miss D.


Boil in three quarts of vinegar four or five pounds sugar, one ounce
cinnamon, one ounce allspice, one ounce mace, one-half ounce cloves,
and pour all over fourteen pounds damsons or peeled peaches.--_Mrs. O.


     ½ pound white sugar.
     1 pound damsons.
     1 pint vinegar.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     A few sticks of cinnamon.

Make a syrup with vinegar, sugar and spices, then drop in a few of the
damsons at a time. Scald them until the skins crack, laying each
quantity in a dish till all are done. Fill the jars three-fourths
full, and pour in the syrup.--_Mrs. R. L. P._


     7 pounds fruit.
     1 ounce cinnamon.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 ounce mace.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     3 pounds brown sugar.

Spices to be beaten fine; put them in the jar, sprinkling the spice
through in layers. Boil one quart vinegar with the sugar, and pour
over the fruit and spices. Repeat the scalding of the vinegar for four
days.--_Mrs. C. N._


     1 gallon chopped cabbage.
     ½ gallon green tomatoes, sliced.
     ½ gallon cucumbers.
     1 quart onions.

all finely chopped. Let them stew several hours, then drain off the
water. Add:

     4 tablespoonfuls ground mustard.
     2 tablespoonfuls ginger.
     1 ounce cloves.
     2 ounces turmeric.
     2 ounces celery seed.
     2 pounds brown sugar.
     2 spoonfuls salt.
     ½ gallon strong vinegar; boil twenty minutes.--_Mrs. C. C._


     2 gallons chopped cabbage.
     2 gallons green or ripe tomatoes.
     5 tablespoons of mustard, ground.
     3 gills mustard-seed.
     2 tablespoonfuls allspice.
     2 teaspoonfuls cloves.
     1 gill salt.
     1 pint chopped onions.
     1 pound brown sugar.
     Some chopped celery, or celery-seed.
     3 quarts good cider vinegar.

Boil all well together, and it is ready for use.--_Miss E. T._


Take green tomatoes, cabbage, and onions, about equal
quantities--grind them in a sausage machine. Salt, and put the mixture
in a bag, and let it hang all night or until the juice has run from
it--then season with red and black pepper, mustard-seed, celery-seed,
cloves, sugar.

Pack in jars, and cover with strong cold vinegar.--_Mrs. M. D._


     1 peck green tomatoes.
     ¼ peck onions.
     ¼ pound white mustard-seed.
     1 ounce allspice.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 bottle mixed mustard.
     2 tablespoonfuls black pepper.
     1 tablespoonful cayenne.
     1 ounce celery-seed.
     1 pound brown sugar.

Slice the tomatoes and lay them in salt for twelve hours; pour off the

Slice the onions, and put a layer of onions, tomatoes, spices and
sugar into a bell-metal kettle, until the ingredients are all in. Pour
in vinegar until well covered, and boil for one hour.--_Mrs. Dr. S._

_French Pickle._

     1 gallon cabbage.
     ½ gallon green tomatoes.
     1 quart onions.
     6 pods green pepper, without the seed.
     3 tablespoonfuls ground mustard, or seed.
     1 tablespoonful ginger.
     1 tablespoonful horseradish.
     1 tablespoonful cinnamon.
     1 tablespoonful cloves.
     2 tablespoonfuls salt.
     1 tablespoonful celery.
     ¼ pound sugar.
     ½ gallon vinegar.

Chop up cabbage, tomatoes, onions, and pepper; sprinkle salt over it,
and let it stand an hour or so, and pour off the liquor. Add spices
and vinegar, boil all together until you can stick a straw through the
cabbage and tomatoes. This, as you see, will only make a small
quantity when boiled down.--_Mrs. M. McN._


     4 dozen large cucumbers.
     4 large green peppers.
     ½ peck onions.
     ½ peck green tomatoes.

Slice the whole, and sprinkle over with one pint salt, allow them to
remain over night, then drain them. Put the whole into a preserving
kettle, and add the following ingredients: sliced horseradish
according to your judgment, one ounce mace, one ounce white pepper,
one ounce turmeric, one ounce white mustard-seed, half an ounce
cloves, half an ounce celery-seed, four tablespoonfuls of dry mustard,
one and a half pounds brown sugar. Cover the whole with vinegar, and
boil it one hour.--_Mrs. J. J. M._


Peel and scald the onions in strong salt water twenty-five or thirty
minutes; take them out and lay on dishes in the sun, a day or two,
then put them in vinegar prepared as for cabbage pickle.--_Mrs. Dr.


Pour boiling water over the onions and let them stand until the brine
gets cooled; then change the brine for nine mornings, warming it every
day. The ninth day put them in fresh water, and let them soak one day
and night. Then put the spices and vinegar on the fire, and let them
come to a boil, and drop in the onions in a few minutes; add sugar to
your taste.--_Mrs. A. H._


Rasp the lemons a little and nick them at one end; lay them in a dish
with very dry salt, let them be near the fire, and covered. They must
stand seven or eight days, then put in fresh salt, and remain the same
time; then wash them well, and pour on boiling vinegar, grated nutmeg,
mace, and whole pepper. Whenever the salt becomes damp, it must be
taken out and dried. The lemons will not be tender for nearly a year.
The time to pickle them is about February.--_Mrs. A._


Grate off the yellow rind, cut off the end, and pack in salt for eight
days. Set them in a hot oven, in dishes; turning until the salt
candies on them. Place them in a pot and pour on two gallons vinegar
(boiling) to which has been added two pounds white mustard-seed, two
tablespoonfuls mace, one pound ginger, four tablespoonfuls
celery-seed, one pound black pepper, two pounds sugar, one handful
horseradish scraped.

All the spices, except mustard-seed, must be pulverized.--_Mrs. H. P.


     3 pounds apples.
     2 pounds sugar.
     1 pint vinegar.
     1 teaspoonful mace.
     1 tablespoonful beaten cinnamon.
     1 dozen cloves.
     2 teaspoonfuls allspice.
     1 tablespoonful beaten ginger.
     1 tablespoonful celery-seed.

Boil until the apples are perfectly clear.--_Mrs. J. A. S._


Pick firm, ripe, short-stem cherries, and lay them in a stone jar,
with the stems on. Put into a kettle vinegar, sweetened to your taste,
allspice, mace, cloves, and cinnamon.

Put on the fire until it is scalding hot, then pour over the cherries,
and let them stand until next day, when the vinegar must be poured off
them into the kettle again, and scalded as before, and poured on the
cherries. Repeat this for nine mornings, and your pickle is ready for
use.--_Mrs. C._


One pound sugar, one pint vinegar, one teaspoonful powdered cinnamon,
one teaspoonful allspice, one teaspoonful cloves, one teaspoonful
nutmeg. Boil all together, gently, fifteen minutes, then add four
quarts blackberries, and scald (but not boil) ten minutes more. The
spices can be omitted, if preferred.--_Mrs. W._


Take sound, ripe tomatoes, grate them on a coarse grater, then strain
through a wire sieve, throwing away the skins and seed. Then put the
liquid in a cotton bag and let it drip for twenty-four hours. Take the
residuum and thin to the proper consistency with vinegar. Then season
it to your taste with garlic, salt, pepper, and spices.--_Mrs. A. A._

_Tomato Catsup._

One-half bushel tomatoes stewed sufficiently to be strained through a
colander; to every gallon of pulp add three quarts strong vinegar, two
tablespoonfuls salt, four tablespoonfuls grated horseradish, one pound
brown sugar, three large onions chopped fine, one tablespoonful black
pepper. Boil till quite thick.--_Mrs. C. B._

_Cold Tomato Catsup._

     ½ peck ripe tomatoes.
     ½ gallon vinegar.
     1 teacup salt.
     1 teacup mustard, ground fine.
     4 pods red pepper.
     3 tablespoonfuls black pepper.
     A handful celery-seed.
     1 cup horseradish.

All of the ingredients must be cut fine, and mixed cold. Put in
bottles, cork, and seal tight. It is better kept awhile.--_Mrs. P._

_Tomato Catsup._

     1 gallon pulp of tomatoes
     1 tablespoonful ginger.
     2 tablespoonfuls cloves.
     1 tablespoonful black pepper.
     2 tablespoonfuls grated horseradish.
     2 tablespoonfuls salt.
     2/3 gallon vinegar.

Boil all well together, then add three pounds sugar, and boil
awhile.--_Mrs. M. S. C._

_Tomato Catsup._

Put into a preserving kettle about one pint water, fill up the kettle
with ripe red tomatoes, previously washed and picked, with the skins
on, cover closely, and set on a hot fire; frequently stirring that
they may not stick to the bottom. Boil about one hour. Turn into a
wooden tray; when cool enough, rub through a coarse sieve, through
which neither skin nor seed can pass. Measure five quarts of this
pulp, and boil until very thick, then add two tablespoonfuls
horseradish, two tablespoonfuls white mustard-seed, two tablespoonfuls
celery-seed, two tablespoonfuls black pepper beaten fine, two or three
races of ginger beaten fine, three or four onions chopped fine, a
little garlic, one nutmeg, salt and sugar to the taste.

Stir all in, and let it come to a boil. Pour in one quart strong cider
vinegar. Let it boil up once more, and take off the fire. Bottle,
cork, and seal.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pare and grate the cucumbers. To one quart of cucumbers add three
large onions grated, one teaspoonful salt, one teaspoonful pepper, and
as much vinegar as cucumbers. Exclude the air.--_Mrs. L. P._

_Cucumber Catsup._

Grate three cucumbers; one onion, one pint of vinegar, one
tablespoonful black pepper, one tablespoonful salt, one teaspoonful
pounded celery-seed.

Put the catsup in bottles, with large mouths; as the cucumber settles,
and is hard to get out.--_Mrs. H. T._

_Cucumber Catsup._

Chop three dozen large cucumbers and eight white onions, fine as
possible, or grate them. Sprinkle over them three-fourths of a pint of
salt, one-half teacup ground pepper; before seasoning, drain off all
the water through a sieve; mix well with good vinegar, and
bottle.--_Mrs. P. W._

_Cucumber Catsup._

One dozen cucumbers, four large onions, four tablespoonfuls salt, four
teaspoonfuls black pepper, one quart strong vinegar. Grate onions and
cucumbers.--_Mrs. H. D._


     To one gallon vinegar:
     Add 100 walnuts pounded.
     2 tablespoonfuls salt.
     A handful horseradish.
     1 cup mustard-seed, bruised.
     1 pint eschalots, cut fine.
     ½ pint garlic.
     ¼ pound allspice.
     ¼ pound black pepper.
     A tablespoonful ginger.

If you like, you can add cloves, mace, sliced ginger, and sliced
nutmeg. Put all these in a jug, cork tightly, shake well, and set it
out in the sun for five or six days, remembering to shake it well each
day. Then boil it for fifteen minutes, and when nearly cool, strain,
bottle, and seal the bottles.--_Mrs. A. C._

_Walnut Catsup._

Take forty black walnuts that you can stick a pin through; mash and
put them in a gallon of vinegar, boil it down to three quarts and
strain it. Then add a few cloves of garlic or onion, with any kind of
spice you like, and salt. When cool, bottle it. Have good
corks.--_Miss E. T._

_To make Catsup of Walnuts._

Bruise the walnuts (when large enough to pickle) in a mortar; strain
off the liquor and let it stand till it be clear; to every quart thus
cleared add one ounce of allspice, one ounce black pepper, one ounce
ginger bruised fine. Boil the whole about half an hour; then add one
pint best vinegar, one ounce salt, eight eschalots, or one ounce
horseradish. Let it stand to cool; then strain it again, and bottle
for use.--_Mrs. M. P._

_To make Walnut Catsup from the Leaves._

Provide a jar that will hold about three gallons. Mix the following
ingredients: common salt one pound, one-half ounce powdered cloves,
four ounces powdered ginger, one handful garlic sliced, six pods
bruised red pepper, three handfuls horseradish root, sliced. Gather
the young leaves from the walnut--cut them small. Put a layer at the
bottom of the jar; then sprinkle on some of the ingredients, and so on
with alternate layers, until the jar is packed full. Let the whole
remain in this state one night. Then fill with boiling vinegar, tie it
closely, and let it set in the sun for a fortnight. Then press out the
liquor, strain and bottle.--_Mrs. E. W._

_Bay Sauce._

Get young walnut leaves while tender. Make a mixture of the following
ingredients: one quart salt, one handful horseradish, one-half dozen
onions chopped up, two teaspoonfuls allspice, one tablespoonful black
ground pepper.

Put in a layer of the leaves, and then one of the mixture, so on till
the jar is nearly filled; cover with good cold vinegar. Put it in the
sun for a fortnight, then bottle. It will not be good for use until it
is six months old.

This is an excellent sauce for fish. It will improve it to add a
tablespoonful of ground ginger.--_Mrs. E. C. G._

_Bay Sauce._

One pound salt, one-half ounce cloves, four ounces ginger, all
powdered; three handfuls garlic, three handfuls horseradish scraped
fine, six pods of red pepper cut up fine. Gather leaves of black
walnut when young, cut them up fine; put a layer of leaves in the
bottom of a jar, then one of ingredients (mixed together), until the
jar is filled; tie it up closely and set it in the sun for two weeks;
then bottle for use. It is not good for six months. Some think two or
three large onions an addition.--_Mrs. H. D._


Take the largest mushrooms, cut off the roots, put them in a stone
jar, with salt; mash them and cover the jar. Let them stand two days,
stirring them several times a day; then strain and boil the liquor, to
every quart of which put one teaspoonful whole pepper, cloves,
mustard-seed, a little ginger; when cold bottle it, leaving room in
each bottle for one teacupful strong vinegar, and one tablespoonful

Cork and seal.--_Mrs. C._

_Mushroom Sauce._

After peeling, lay them on the oyster broiler and sprinkle with a
little salt. Have ready a hot dish with butter, pepper, salt, and
cream, and throw the mushrooms into this as they are taken from the
broiler. A very nice sauce for steaks.--_Mrs. J. S._


Break one peck large mushrooms into a deep earthen pan. Strew
three-quarters pound salt among them, and set them one night in a cool
oven, with a fold of cloth or paper over them. Next day strain off the
liquor, and to each quart add one ounce black pepper, one-quarter
ounce allspice, one-half ounce ginger, two large blades mace.

Boil quickly twenty minutes. When perfectly cold, put into bottles,
and cork well, and keep in a cool place.--_Mr. J. B. N._

_Mushroom Catsup._

Pack the mushrooms in layers, with salt, in a jar; let them stand
three hours, then pound them in a mortar, return them to the jar and
let them remain three or four days, stirring them occasionally.

For every quart of the liquor add, one ounce of pepper, half ounce
allspice; set the jar in the kettle of water, and boil four hours,
then pour the liquor through a fine sieve, and boil until it is
reduced one-half.

Let it cool and bottle.--_Mrs. C. C._


Five tablespoonfuls scraped or grated horseradish, two teaspoonfuls
sugar, one teaspoonful salt, half teaspoonful pepper, one
tablespoonful mixed mustard, one tablespoonful vinegar, four
tablespoonfuls rich sweet cream. Must be prepared just before
using.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Horseradish Sauce._

Just before dinner, scrape one teacup of horseradish, add one
teaspoonful white sugar, one saltspoonful salt, and pour over two
tablespoonfuls good cider vinegar. It is best when just made.


Pound a gill of celery-seed, put in a bottle and fill with strong
vinegar. Shake it every day for two weeks, then strain it, and keep it
for use. It will flavor very pleasantly with celery.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

_Celery Vinegar._

Take two gills celery-seed, pound and put it in a celery bottle, and
fill it with sharp vinegar. Shake it every day for two weeks; then
strain it, and keep it for use. It will impart an agreeable flavor to
everything in which celery is used. Mint and thyme may be prepared in
the same way, using vinegar or brandy. The herbs should not remain in
the liquid more than twenty-four hours. They should be placed in a
jar--a handful is enough, and the vinegar or brandy poured over them;
take out the herbs next day, and put in fresh. Do this for three days;
then strain, cork, and seal.--_Mrs. R._


     2 dozen peppers.
     Twice this quantity of cabbage.
     1 root of horseradish, cut up fine.
     1 tablespoonful mustard-seed.
     1 dessertspoonful cloves.
     2 tablespoonfuls sugar.
     A little mace.

Boil the spices and sugar in two quarts of best cider vinegar, and
pour boiling hot over the cabbage and pepper.--_Mrs. W. A. S._


One dozen pods red pepper, fully ripe. Take out stems and cut them in
two. Add three pints vinegar. Boil down to one quart; strain through a
sieve, and bottle for use.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


To four dozen fine ripe bell-peppers add two quarts good vinegar, one
quart water, three tablespoonfuls grated horseradish, five onions
chopped fine. Boil till soft, and rub through a sieve. Then season to
your taste with salt, spice, black and white mustard well beaten;
after which boil ten minutes. Add celery-seed if liked, and a pod or
more strong pepper, a little sugar. All should be cut up and the seed
boiled with it. Bottle and cork tightly.--_Mrs. G. N._


Stir in melted butter two large tablespoonfuls capers, a little
vinegar. Nasturtiums pickled, or cucumbers cut very fine will be good
substitutes for the capers. For boiled mutton.--_Mrs. R._

_Caper Sauce._

To one cup drawn butter add three tablespoonfuls green pickled capers.
If prepared for boiled mutton, use half teacupful of the water in
which it was boiled; add salt and cayenne pepper. Let it boil up once
and serve.--_Mrs. S. T._


One mustardspoon of mixed mustard, salt and cayenne to the taste, the
latter highly.

Yolk of one raw egg, sweet-oil added very slowly, until the quantity
is made that is desired; thin with a little vinegar.

Take two small cucumber pickles, two full teaspoonfuls capers, three
small sprigs parsley, and one small shallot or leek. Chop all fine,
and stir into the sauce about an hour before serving. If very thick,
add a tablespoonful cold water. This quantity will serve eight
persons--is good with trout, veal cutlets, and oysters.--_Miss E. S._


Put into a bowl one spoonful of dry mustard, two spoonfuls salt, a
little cayenne pepper, yolk of one raw egg; mix these together.

Then add, drop by drop, one teacupful sweet-oil; stir until a thick
mass. Add a little vinegar. Chop very fine two small cucumber pickles,
two teaspoonfuls capers, two sprigs parsley, one leek or small onion,
and a little celery; stir all into the dressing. This is delicious
with boiled fish, either hot or cold--also cold meats, chicken or
turkey.--_Mrs. S._


     4 tablespoonfuls ground mustard.
     1 tablespoonful flour.
     1 tablespoonful sugar.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful black pepper.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     1 teaspoonful cinnamon.

Mix smoothly with boiling vinegar, add a little salad oil, and let it
stand several hours before using. It will keep any length of
time.--_Mr. R. H. M._


Take half a cup ground mustard, one tablespoonful sugar, four
tablespoonfuls vinegar, olive oil, or water, whichever is preferred,
one teaspoonful pepper, and one of salt.--_Mrs. P. W._


Before commencing to make cake, be sure that you have all the
ingredients in the house, and all the implements at hand, such as
trays, bowls, large dishes, large strong iron spoons, egg-beaters,

Use none but the best family flour in making cake. It is a good plan
to sift it before weighing or measuring it, and to let it air and sun
several hours before using it; as this makes it much lighter.

It is a great mistake to set aside rancid or indifferent butter for
cake-making. The butter used for the purpose should be good and fresh.

Always use granulated sugar or else powdered loaf or cut sugar; as
pulverized sugar is apt to have plaster of Paris or other foreign
elements in it. Never use brown or even clarified sugar in
cake-making, unless it be for gingerbread.

Do not attempt to make cake without fresh eggs. Cream of tartar, soda
and yeast powders are poor substitutes for these.

A fresh egg placed in water will sink to the bottom.

In breaking eggs, do not break them over the vessels in which they are
to be beaten. Break them, one by one, over a saucer, so that if you
come across a defective one, you will not spoil the rest by mixing it
with them; whereas, if it is a good one, it will be easy to pour the
white from the saucer into the bowl with the rest of the whites, and
to add the yolk which you retain in the egg-shell to the other yolks.

The Dover egg-beater saves much time and trouble in beating eggs and
will beat the yolks into as stiff a froth as the whites. It is well to
have two egg-beaters, one for the yolks and the other for the whites.
Eggs well beaten ought to be as stiff as batter. Cool the dishes that
you are to use in beating eggs. In summer, keep the eggs on ice before
using them, and always try to make the cake before breakfast, or as
early in the morning as possible.

Some of the best housewives think it advisable to cream the butter and
flour together, and add the sugar to the yolks when these are whipped
to a stiff froth, as it produces yellow specks when you add the sugar
sooner. The whites must always be added last.

In making fruit cake, prepare the fruit the day before. In winter
time, this may be easily and pleasantly done after tea. It requires a
longer time to bake fruit cake, than plain. Every housekeeper should
have a close cake-box in which to put cake after cooling it and
wrapping it in a thick napkin.


     The whites of 20 eggs.
     1 pound of flour.
     1 pound of butter.
     1 pound of almonds.

Use a little more flour, if the almonds are omitted.--_Mrs. Dr. S._

_White Cake._

     1 cup of butter.
     3 cups of sugar.
     1 cup of sweet milk.
     The whites of 5 eggs.
     3 cups of flour.
     3 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.--_Mrs. D. C. K._


     1 pound sugar.
     The whites of 10 eggs.
     ¾ pound butter.
     1 pound of flour.

Flavor with lemon or rose-water, and bake in a moderate oven.--_Mrs.
F. C. W._


     1 pint butter.
     1 pint cream.
     2 pints sugar.
     4 pints flour.
     2 teaspoonfuls essence of almonds.
     The whites of 12 eggs.
     2 teaspoonfuls yeast powder, mixed in flour.--_Mrs. N._


     4 cups flour.
     1 cup butter.
     3 cups sugar, creamed with the butter.
     1 cup sweet milk.
     2 small teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     1 small teaspoonful of soda.
     Whites of 10 eggs beaten very light.

Bake in jelly-cake pans; when cold, make an icing of whites of three
eggs and one pound of sugar. Grate cocoanut over each layer of
icing.--_Mrs. P. McG._

_White Mountain Cake._

     1 pound sugar.
     ½ pound butter.
     ¾ pound of flour.
     1 large teaspoonful essence of bitter almonds.
     Whites of 10 eggs, whipped very stiff.

Cream butter and sugar, put next the eggs, then the flour, lastly the
flavoring.--_Mrs. D. C. K._

_White Mountain Cake._

Make four or five thicknesses of cake, as for jelly cake. Grate one
large cocoanut. The juice and grated rind of two lemons or oranges.
The whites of six eggs beaten very light, with one pound sugar. To
this add the milk of one cocoanut, then rind and juice of one orange.
Lastly, stir in the cocoanut well, and put between the cakes as you
would jelly.--_Mrs. J. L._

_White Mountain Cake._

     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     ¾ pound butter.
     Whites of 16 eggs.
     Wine-glass of wine or brandy.
     Bake in flat pans.

Grate two cocoanuts. Beat the whites of four or five eggs to a stiff
froth, and mix as much sugar as for icing. Stir in the cocoanut;
spread between each layer of the cake, as jelly cake. Ice it all, or
only on top, or not at all, as you please.--_Mrs. M._

_Mountain Cake._

     The whites of 8 eggs.
     1 cup of butter.
     2 cups of sugar.
     3 cups of flour.
     ½ cup sweet milk.
     1 teaspoonful of cream of tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda.

Mix all the ingredients well, and flavor with lemon. Bake in very
shallow pans. Ice each cake separately and cover with jelly; then form
a large cake, and ice over.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1 cup of butter.
     3 cups of sugar, creamed together.
     1 cup of sweet cream.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar and ½ teaspoon of soda, sprinkled
     in 3½ cups of sifted flour.
     Whites of 10 eggs.

Bake in thin cakes as for jelly cakes. Ice and sprinkle each layer
with grated cocoanut.

Take the whites of three eggs for the icing, and grate one
cocoanut.--_Mrs. C. M. A._


     Whites of 10 eggs.
     1½ cups of sugar.
     1 cup of flour.
     2 teaspoons of cream of tartar.

Rub the flour, cream tartar, sugar, and salt, well together. Add the
eggs beaten light, and stir only sufficient to mix very
lightly.--_Mrs. G. P._


     1 pound white sugar.
     1 teacup of butter.
     ½ teacup sweet milk.
     Whites of 10 eggs.
     ½ small teaspoonful of soda.
     1 teaspoonful cream tartar.
     3 cups of flour.
     Flavor with vanilla or almond.

Bake in jelly-cake pans, with icing and cocoanut between.

_Icing for cake._--One pound fine white sugar, and whites of three
eggs.--_Miss E. P._


     The whites of 8 eggs.
     1 cup of butter.
     2 cups of sugar.
     3 cups of flour.
     ½ cup of sweet milk.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar.

Mix all the ingredients well, and flavor with lemon.

Bake in shallow pans; ice each cake separately and cover with jelly,
then form a large cake and ice over.--_Mrs. P._


     1 pound flour.
     ¾ pounds sugar.
     ½ pound butter.
     Whites of 14 eggs.

Cream sugar and butter together, and stir in them flour and beaten
whites, very little at a time; one and a half pounds fruit, prepared
and mixed with batter, will make a nice fruit cake.--_Mrs. H. D._

_Bride's Cake._

     Whites of 18 eggs.
     1¼ pounds sugar.
     1 pound flour.
     ¾ pound butter.

Cream butter and sugar together; whip the eggs to a stiff froth, then
add gradually, flour, butter, sugar.

Season with lemon or brandy. Bake as pound cake.--_Mrs. R. E._

_Bride's Cake._

     1½ pounds flour.
     1½ pounds sugar.
     1-1/8 pounds butter.
     Whites of 20 eggs.
     ½ a teaspoon of powdered ammonia dissolved in ½ a wineglass of brandy.
     Heavy plain icing. 1½ pound mould.

Insert the ring after the cake is baked.--_Miss S._

_Bride's Cake._

     ¾ pound flour.
     ½ pound butter.
     14 whites of eggs.
     1 pound sugar--beat in the whites.
     The acid of 1 green lemon.

Double for one and a half pound cake.--_Mrs. J._


     Whites of 8 eggs.
     ¼ pound of butter.
     ½ pound of sugar.
     ¼ and ½ a quarter of a pound of sifted flour, or 6 ounces of flour.

Cream the butter and sugar.--_Mrs. W. C. R._

_Silver Cake._

     1 pound powdered sugar.
     ¾ pound flour.
     ½ pound butter.
     Whites of 11 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful essence of bitter almond.

Cream the butter, gradually rub in the flour, then the sugar; add the
flavoring; last of all, stir in the whites of the eggs beaten to a
stiff froth. Flavor the icing with vanilla or bitter almonds.--_Mrs.
S. T._

_Silver Cake._

     One cup sugar.
     ½ cup butter.
     1½ cups flour.
     ½ cup of milk.
     ½ teaspoon of cream tartar, and half as much soda.
     Whites of 4 eggs.

Beat the butter and eggs to a cream, then add the milk and flour with
the soda and cream tartar; whisk the whites of the eggs to a froth,
and stir them in gently at the last. Flavor with lemon.--_Mrs. C._


     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     ¾ pound butter.
     Yolks of 11 eggs.
     Grated rind of an orange.
     Juice of 2 lemons.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Cream the butter well, rub into it the flour. Beat the yolks well, put
in the sugar, and beat again; add the orange rind and lemon juice.

Mix all together, and beat for ten minutes. Last of all, sift in the
soda, stirring it in well. Requires two hours to bake in one pound
cake-mould. Flavor the icing with lemon.--_Mrs. S. T._


     Whites of 8 eggs, well beaten.
     1 cup of butter.
     2 cups of sugar.
     3 cups of flour.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda, dissolved in ½ cup of milk.

Mix in this way; add the sugar to the eggs, then the butter well
creamed, then the flour and milk alternately. Season to taste. Bake
thin, and spread icing between, on the top and sides, sprinkling
grated cocoanut over the whole.--_Mrs. C._


     1 pound sugar.
     ½ pound of flour.
     6 ounces of butter.
     The whites of 14 eggs.

Season with two drops oil of bitter almond.--_Miss S._

_Lady Cake._

     The whites of 8 eggs, beaten to a froth.
     3 cups flour.
     2 cups of sugar.
     1 cup of butter, creamed with the sugar.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar in the flour.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda in ½ cup sweet milk.

Beat all together, and bake in a mould or small pans. Season to taste.
A little whisky or rum improves cake of all kinds.--_Mrs. Dr. C._


     2 cups white sugar.
     2½ cups corn starch.
     8 tablespoonfuls butter.
     Whites of 8 eggs.
     ½ teaspoonful soda, dissolved in milk.
     ½ teaspoonful cream tartar in corn starch.

Flavor with juice of one lemon.--_Mrs. R. R._

_Delicate Cake._

One pound pulverized white sugar, seven ounces of butter (stirred to a

Whites of 16 eggs, beaten stiff.

Stir in 1 pound of sifted flour.

Flavor to the taste. Bake immediately.--_Mrs. A. H._


     2 cups sugar.
     1 cup corn starch.
     2 cups flour.
     1 cup butter.
     ½ cup sweet milk.
     Whites of 8 eggs.
     2 teaspoonfuls baking powder.

Bake in jelly-cake pans. Between each layer when done, on sides and
top, spread icing, with grated cocoanut. A very pretty dish.--_Mrs.


     1 cup butter.
     2 cups sugar.
     1½ cups corn starch.
     2 cups flour.
     1 cup milk, perfectly sweet.
     ½ teaspoonful soda.
     ½ teaspoonful cream tartar.

Beat the sugar and butter together. Dissolve the soda and corn starch
in the milk; put the cream tartar in the flour. Mix these well, and
then add the whites of eight eggs well beaten.-_-Mrs. S._


     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound flour.
     1 pound butter.
     1 pound blanched almonds.
     3 pounds citron.
     1 cocoanut.
     Whites of 16 eggs.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

_White Fruit Cake._

     1 pound pulverized sugar.
     ¾ pound butter.
     Whites of 12 eggs, beaten very light.
     1 pound flour.
     2 grated cocoanuts.
     2 pounds citron, cut in small pieces.
     2 pounds blanched almonds, cut in thin slices.

Bake slowly.

_White Fruit Cake._

     Whites of 16 eggs, beaten well.
     8 ounces butter.
     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 teacup citron.
     1 cup almonds.
     3 cups grated cocoanut.

The citron and almonds to be cut and blanched, of course.

_White Fruit Cake_ [_superior, tried recipe_].

     1 pound white sugar.
     1 pound flour.
     ½ pound butter.
     Whites of 12 eggs.
     2 pounds citron, cut in thin, long strips.
     2 pounds almonds, blanched and cut in strips.
     1 large cocoanut, grated.

Before the flour is sifted, add to it one teaspoonful of soda, two
teaspoonfuls cream tartar. Cream the butter as you do for pound cake,
add the sugar, and beat it awhile; then add the whites of eggs, and
flour; and after beating the batter sufficiently, add about one-third
of the fruit, reserving the rest to add in layers, as you put the
batter in the cake-mould. Bake slowly and carefully, as you do other
fruit cake.--_Mrs. W._


     1¼ pounds butter.
     1½ pounds sugar.
     1½ pounds flour.
     1½ dozen eggs.
     2 pounds stoned raisins.
     2 pounds picked and washed currants.
     1 pound sliced citron.
     2 tablespoonfuls pulverized cloves.
     2 tablespoonfuls nutmeg.
     2 tablespoonfuls mace.
     2 tablespoonfuls cinnamon.
     1 tablespoonful powdered ginger.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     2 wineglasses of brandy.--_Mrs. D._

_Black Cake._

     1½ pounds flour.
     1½ pounds butter.
     1½ pounds sugar.
     1 pound citron.
     2 pounds beaten raisins.
     2 pounds sweet raisins, well cut.
     2 pounds currants.

The juice and rind of two lemons and two oranges, one teaspoonful of
soda; after the beaten fruit is well beaten, add the cut fruit. The
citron or orange peel should never be rubbed in flour.--_Mrs. P._

_Black Cake._

     Yolks of 24 eggs.
     1 pound butter.
     1 pound sugar.

Take out a gill of the sugar, and in place put one gill of molasses,
one pound flour; out of it take six tablespoonfuls, and in place put
five spoonfuls of seconds, and one of corn meal.

     4 pounds seedless raisins.
     1/3 pound citron.
     ½ pound currants.
     ½ pound almonds and palm nuts.
     2 ounces grated cocoanut.
     2 ounces fine chocolate.
     1 tablespoonful finely ground coffee.
     1 tablespoonful allspice, mace, and cloves.
     1 tablespoonful vanilla.
     1 gill blackberry wine, or brandy.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream tartar.

Bake the mass six hours very moderately.--_Mrs. J._


     1 pound butter.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound flour.
     1 dozen eggs.

Mix as for pound cake.

     Add 1 pound almonds.
     1 pound raisins.
     ¼ pound citron.
     1 ounce mace.
     1 ounce cloves.
     1 ounce allspice.--_Mrs. A. C._


     2 pounds best stoned raisins.
     2 pounds currants.
     1 pound citron.
     12 eggs.
     1 pound fresh butter.
     1 pound loaf sugar.
     1 pound flour.

Make the batter as you would for nice cake, and before adding the
fruit, stir into the batter--

     4½ teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     1½ teaspoonful soda.
     1 large tablespoonful of ground cinnamon.
     1 small tablespoonful of white ginger.
     4½ nutmegs.
     1 tablespoonful of _best_ molasses.

Add by degrees the fruit and one-half teacup best brandy; bake slowly
five hours. Excellent, and will keep good six months.--_Mrs. F._

_Fruit Cake._

     18 eggs.
     1½ pounds flour.
     1½ pounds sugar.
     1½ pounds butter.
     2 pounds raisins.
     2 pounds currants, washed and picked.
     1½ pounds citron.
     2 nutmegs.
     2 pounds almonds, weighed in shell.
     2 tablespoonfuls cinnamon.
     2 tablespoonfuls mace.
     1 small teaspoonful cloves.
     1 small teaspoonful salt.
     2 teaspoonfuls ginger.
     2 wine-glasses of wine.
     1 wine-glass of brandy.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar, in a cup of milk.

Let it rise about three hours, then bake slowly, and let it stand a
good while after it is baked, in the oven.--_Mrs. C. B._

_Fruit Cake._

     2½ pounds butter.
     2½ pounds flour.
     25 eggs.
     2½ pounds sugar.
     3 pounds citron.
     5 pounds currants.
     5 pounds raisins.
     A large spoonful cinnamon.
     1 spoonful mace.
     4 nutmegs.
     A glass wine.
     A glass brandy.

This will make a very large cake.--_Mrs. A. P._

_Fruit Cake._

     1½ pound risen dough.
     10 eggs.
     2 cups butter.
     4 cups sugar.
     1 cup milk.
     1 cup wine, or brandy.
     1 light teaspoonful soda.
     1 teaspoonful lemon extract.
     ½ teaspoonful cloves.

Beat these ingredients together and add one pound of stoned raisins,
one pound of citron dredged in flour.

If very soft for cake, add a little flour.--_Mrs. J. W._


     1 quart of sifted flour.
     1 pound of fresh butter, cut up in 1 pound powdered sugar.
     12 eggs.
     3 pounds of bloom raisins.
     1½ pound of Zante currants.
     ¾ pound of sliced citron.
     1 tablespoonful each of mace and cinnamon.
     2 nutmegs.
     1 large wineglassful Madeira wine.
     1 large wineglassful French brandy mixed with the spices.

Beat the butter and sugar together--eggs separately. Flour the fruit
well, and add the flour and other ingredients, putting the fruit in
last. Bake in a straight side mould, as it turns out easier. One
pound of blanched almonds will improve this recipe. Bake until
thoroughly done, then ice while warm.--_Mrs. L._

_Fruit Cake._

     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound flour.
     1 pound butter.
     2 pounds raisins.
     2 pounds currants.
     1 pound citron.
     2 tablespoonfuls of mace and cinnamon.
     2 nutmegs, powdered.
     ½ pint of brandy and wine, mixed.

Bake in a slow oven. Seedless raisins are best for cake.--_Mrs. F. C.


     1 cup of butter.
     3 cups sugar.
     5 eggs, beaten separately.
     3½ cups flour.
     ½ cup sweet milk.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Bake in jelly-cake tins, four or five deep. Have ready a thick icing,
which put on the cakes as thickly as will stick; spread thickly on
that the grated pineapple, or orange, the icing to be flavored with
the juice of the fruit and a little tartaric acid.--_Mrs. C. C._


Bake sponge cake in jelly-cake pans, three for each cake. Spread an
icing between the cakes, made of whites of three eggs, beaten very
light, and one and one-quarter pounds powdered sugar.

The rind and juice of one large, or two small oranges.

The rind and juice of one-half lemon; the other half to be used for
the cake.--_Mrs. P. McG._

_Orange Cake._

     8 eggs.
     1½ pounds sugar.
     1½ pounds flour.
     ¾ pound butter.
     1 pint milk.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream tartar.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Beat the eggs very light, and mix in the sugar and creamed butter.
Pour in half the milk, and dissolve the cream tartar and soda in the
other half. Add the sifted flour as quickly as possible after the
foaming milk is poured in. Bake in jelly-cake pans.

Take six oranges, grate the peel and squeeze the juice with two pounds
pulverized sugar. If you use sweet oranges, add the juice of two
lemons. After stirring to a smooth paste, spread between the layers of
the cake. Ice, or sprinkle over sugar the last layer on top of the
cake.--_Mrs. J. C. W._

_Orange Cake._

First make a sponge cake with twelve eggs, the weight of twelve eggs
in sugar, and weight of ten in flour. Then make an icing of the whites
of two eggs, the juice of one lemon, and the juice and grated rind of
two oranges; add sufficient powdered sugar to make the proper
consistency for icing--then put between each cake, and on top of the
whole cake.--_Mrs. C. B._


     1 cupful butter.
     3 cupfuls white sugar.
     5 eggs beaten separately.

Cream butter and sugar together.

     1 teaspoonful soda.
     1 cup milk.
     The juice and grated rind of one lemon.
     5 small teacupfuls flour.

Bake in small or shallow tins.--_Mrs. C._

_Lemon Cake._

One cupful of butter, three cupfuls of white sugar, rubbed to a cream.

Stir in the yolks of five eggs well beaten, and one teaspoonful of
soda dissolved in a cupful of milk; add the whites, and sift in as
lightly as possible four cupfuls of flour. Add the juice and grated
peel of one lemon.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Twelve eggs, their full weight in sugar, a half-weight in flour. Bake
it in pans the thickness of jelly cakes. Take two pounds of nice "A"
sugar, squeeze into it the juice of five oranges and three lemons
together with the pulp; stir it in the sugar until perfectly smooth;
then spread it on the cakes, as you would do jelly, putting one above
another till the whole of the sugar is used up. Spread a layer of it
on top and on sides.--_Mrs. G._


     10 eggs.
     1 pound sugar.
     ½ pound flour.
     Rind of 1 lemon, and juice of ½ lemon.

Make exactly like sponge cake, and bake in jelly-cake tins. Then take
the whites of two eggs beat to a froth, and add one pound sugar, the
grated rind and juice of one orange, or juice of half a lemon. Spread
it on the cakes before they are perfectly cold, and place one layer on
another. This quantity makes two cakes.--_Mrs. I. H._


     1 teacup fresh butter.
     3 teacups white sugar.
     3½ teacups flour.
     Whites of ten eggs.
     1 cup sweet milk.
     1 light teaspoonful soda.
     2 light teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     A little essence of lemon.

Bake in cakes an inch thick and spread with icing, having grated
cocoanut stirred in; pile one on another, allowing a little time for
drying off. In making the icing, reserve some plain for the outside of
cake. Finish off by sprinkling on the prepared cocoanut.--_Miss P._

_Cocoanut Cake._

Beat to a fine cream three-quarters of a pound of butter and half a
pound of sugar. Add gradually eight eggs well beaten, then mixed, one
tablespoonful essence of lemon, one small nutmeg, grated; mix all well
together, then stir in lightly half a pound flour in turn with half a
pound of grated cocoanut. Pour the mixture in a well-buttered pan, and
bake quickly.--_Mrs. C. V. McG._


Cream together one pound sugar, half a pound butter. Beat eight eggs
lightly without separating. Stir them gradually into the butter and
sugar. Sift in one pound of flour, beat all light, then put in an even
teaspoonful of soda dissolved in half a teacupful of sweet milk, two
even teaspoonfuls cream of tartar dissolved in the same quantity of
milk. Season with lemon or vanilla. For the icing, nine tablespoonfuls
of water and one pound sugar; boil until it glistens. Beat the whites
of four eggs to a stiff froth, stir into the boiling icing, then add
half a pound of grated cocoanut. Spread the icing between the cakes
and on the top.--_Miss S._


_A variety of Cocoanut Cake._

     1 cup butter.
     2 cups sugar.
     3 cups flour.
     Whites of eight eggs.
     ½ cup sweet milk.
     ½ teaspoonful soda, 1 teaspoonful cream of tartar, stirred in the
     Flavor with vanilla.
     Bake in jelly-cake pans.
     1 grated cocoanut.

Spread top and bottom of cake with icing, then put on the cocoanut,
and so on till your cake is large as you wish. Ice the whole cake, and
sprinkle on cocoanut. Make the icing, three whites to one pound of
pulverized sugar, with juice of one lemon.--_Mrs. D. R._


     3 cups sugar.
     1 cup butter.
     4 cups flour.
     1 cup sweet milk.
     6 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful soda in the milk.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar in the flour.

Flavor with vanilla. Bake it in layers.

_Icing for the Cake._--Beat the whites of four eggs into a froth, and
add nine teaspoonfuls of pulverized sugar to each egg, flavoring it
with vanilla. Then grate up two large cocoanuts, and after icing each
layer, sprinkle grated cocoanut on it. Put the layers on each other as
in making jelly cake.--_Mrs. L. W._

_Cocoanut Cake._

     2 cups powdered sugar.
     ½ cup butter.
     3 eggs.
     1 cup milk.
     3 cups flour.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Bake in jelly-cake pans.

Filling: one grated cocoanut; to half-pound of this add the whites of
three eggs beaten to a froth, one cup of powdered sugar; lay this
between the layers of the cake; mix with the other half of the
cocoanut four tablespoonfuls powdered sugar, and strew thickly on top
of the cake.--_Mrs. D. C. K._

_One, Two, Three, Four Cocoanut Cake._

     1 cup butter.
     2 cups sugar.
     3 cups flour.
     Whites of 4 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful soda.
     ½ small cocoanut, stirred in at the last.--_Mrs. D. C. K._

_Cocoanut Cake._

     1 teacup of butter.
     3 teacups of sugar.
     3½ teacups of flour.
     Whites of 10 eggs.
     ½ cup sweet milk, with one teaspoon not quite full of soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     Essence of lemon.

Beat the eggs very light. Cream the butter, then mix the ingredients
gradually. Sift the cream tartar with the flour, and dissolve the soda
in the milk, and add to the cake last. Bake in pans; an inch thick
when baked. Mix prepared cocoanut with the icing; ice the top of the
first cake with the cocoanut icing, dry it slightly; lay another cake
on top, and ice again, and continue until the last cake is added, then
ice all over. When the last coat of icing is put on, sprinkle the
prepared cocoanut all over the cake, to give it a frosted
appearance.--_Mrs. M. S. C._


     1½ pounds grated chocolate.
     12 eggs.
     1¾ pounds brown sugar.
     1 teaspoonful cinnamon.
     1 teaspoonful nutmeg.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     A few coriander-seed.

Break the eggs in the sugar and beat them, adding the chocolate by
degrees, until well incorporated; then add the spices, all of which
must be well powdered. Grease some small tins with lard, and bake
quickly.--_Mrs. T._

_Chocolate Cake._

     2 cupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful butter.
     3 cupfuls flour.
     ¾ cupful sour cream or milk.
     3 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful cream tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful soda.

Beat the sugar and butter together; break the eggs into it one at a
time; then add the flour, then the sour cream with the soda. Bake in
jelly-cake pans.

Filling: two ounces of chocolate, one cupful of sugar, three-quarters
cup of sweet milk; boil half-done.--_Mrs. F._

_Chocolate Cake._

     3 cupfuls sifted flour.
     1½ cupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful sweet milk.
     1 egg.
     2 tablespoonfuls butter.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream tartar.
     1 teaspoonful essence lemon.

Beat the butter and sugar to a cream, then add the milk (in which the
soda should be dissolved), next the eggs well beaten, and lastly the
essence. Mix two cupfuls of flour, and afterwards the third cupful of
flour into which the cream tartar has been stirred. Bake in square,
flat pans. Grate three ounces of chocolate, add four tablespoonfuls of
milk; warm slowly, and add eight tablespoonfuls of white sugar. Boil
three minutes, and pour over top of the cake. If you choose, you can
slice open the cake, and put inside of it a custard of one pint of
milk, warmed, and two eggs added, with sugar and flour to your
taste.--_Mrs. H._

_Chocolate Cake._

     2 cupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful butter.
     Yolks of 5 eggs and whites of 2.
     1 cupful milk,
     3½ cupfuls flour.
     ½ teaspoonful soda.
     1 teaspoonful cream tartar, sifted in the flour.

Bake in jelly-cake tins.

Filling: whites of three eggs, one and a half cupfuls of sugar, three
tablespoonfuls of grated chocolate, one teaspoonful of vanilla. Beat
well together; spread on top and between layers of the cake.--_Mrs.

_Chocolate Cake._

Cream together one pound sugar, one and a half pounds butter. Beat
eight eggs light without separating; stir them gradually into the
sugar and butter. Sift in one pound of flour; beat all light. Then
put in an even teaspoonful of soda dissolved in a half-teacupful of
sweet milk, two even teaspoonfuls cream tartar dissolved in the same
quantity of milk. Season with lemon or vanilla. Bake in jelly pans.

Icing for the same: nine tablespoonfuls of water, one pound of sugar;
boil till it glistens.

Beat the whites of four eggs to a stiff froth. Stir them into the
boiling icing, then add one-quarter pound grated chocolate.

Spread the icing between the cakes and over the top.--_Miss S._


Make a sponge cake according to old family recipe, bake either in
jelly tins or moulds; then slice the cake for the following
preparation: one teacupful of milk, half a cake Baker's chocolate,
scraped or grated, one egg beaten with sugar enough to make it sweet;
flavor with vanilla. Let it boil (stirring all the time) till quite
thick. Place it evenly and thickly between the slices of cake. Instead
of the sponge cake, some use the ordinary jelly-cake recipe.--_Mrs.


     12 ounces flour.
     12 ounces butter.
     10 eggs.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound citron, cut in thin slices.

Mix like a pound cake.--_Mrs. C. L. T._

_Citron Cake._

     4 large coffeecups sifted flour.
     2½ cupfuls powdered sugar.
     1 cupful butter.
     Whites of 10 eggs, beaten to a stiff froth.
     Add two tablespoonfuls rose water.

Butter a cake pan, and put alternate layers of batter and citron
sliced in long, thin slices.--_Mrs. McG._


     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     ¾ pound butter.
     12 eggs.
     2 pounds citron.
     2 pounds grated cocoanut.
     2 pounds almonds.
     1 teaspoonful mace.--_Mrs. M. E._

_Citron Cake._

     1 pound of flour.
     ½ pound of sugar,
     ¾ pound of butter.
     10 or 12 eggs.
     2 pounds of citron.
     1 cocoanut, grated.

Fruit to be put in last.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1¼ pounds of sugar.
     1¼ pounds of butter.
     1 pound of flour.
     12 eggs.
     1 pound almonds.--_Mrs. B._

_Almond Cake._

     12 eggs.
     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound butter.
     1 pound almonds (blanched).
     1 pound citron.

Blanch the almonds, and slice the citron thin.

One wine-glass of brandy.

Mix like pound cake.--_Mrs. S. T._


     2 cups of sugar.
     1 cup of butter.
     One cup of cold water, with one teaspoonful of soda dissolved in it.
     3 cups of raisins, chopped fine.
     Cinnamon and nutmeg.
     4 eggs.
     1 pound of figs.

Use the figs whole, covering them well with the cake to prevent
burning. Bake in layers, frosting between each layer. Make as stiff as
pound cake. Cut with a very sharp knife, to prevent crumbling. This
recipe makes two loaves.--_Mrs. A. T._


     1 cup butter.
     2 cups sugar.
     ½ cup sweet milk.
     5 eggs.
     4 cups flour.
     ½ a nutmeg.
     3 teaspoonfuls baking powder.

One pound currants washed, dried, and rolled in the flour.--_Mrs. W.
L. H._


     1 pound butter.
     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     16 eggs, yolks of 4.

After the butter is creamed, work the sugar and butter well before
mixing.--_Mrs. M. S. C._

_Pound Cake._

     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound butter.
     1 pound of flour.
     12 eggs.

Cream the butter; rub into it gradually the sifted and dried flour.
Beat the yolks of ten eggs very light, then add the powdered sugar,
beat again, add a wine-glass of brandy or one of good whiskey flavored
with nutmeg, or the grated rind of a lemon; mix all together. Stir in
the whites of twelve eggs beaten to a stiff froth, just before baking.
It will take two hours to bake.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Pound Cake._

     1 pound flour.
     1 pound of sugar.
     ¾ pound of butter.
     10 eggs.

Cream the butter well with flour; beat the yolks well, and add, by
degrees, the butter and flour, and then the whites beaten to a stiff
froth. Season with mace and one glass of wine. Bake in cups well
greased. For fruit cake add to above, two pounds of raisins, two
pounds of currants, one-half a pound of citron, stirred in by degrees.
Add nutmeg and cinnamon to the seasoning. One pound of butter, and one
dozen eggs for fruit cake.--_Mrs. A. C._

_Pound Cake._

Beat the whites of twelve eggs to a stiff froth. The yolks beat until
they look light and white; then beat in one pound of sugar; next add
the whites; cream the light pound of butter until it looks frothy;
then sift in by degrees one pound of flour and cream them together,
and add the other mixture. Put a little powdered mace, if you like, a
wine-glass of wine, and the same of brandy.--_Mrs. W._


     16 eggs, 4 yolks.
     1 pound of flour.
     1 pound of sugar.
     ¾ pound of butter.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 pound of white sugar.
     ¾ pound of butter.
     1 pound of flour.
     Whites of 12 eggs, yolks of 9.

Cream the butter; add part of the sugar and yolks, and beat well; then
gradually add the whites, and flour and balance of yolks. Beat well,
flavor with extract of lemon, and bake in a moderate oven.--_Mrs. F.
C. W._

_Pound Cake._

     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     ¾ pound butter.
     11 eggs.

Sift and dry the flour, sift the sugar; wash all the salt out of the
butter, and squeeze all the water out of it. Cream the butter with
half the flour or more; beat the whites and yolks separately, beating
rather more than half of the sugar with the yolks; then rub the
remaining sugar and flour up together. Mix all these ingredients, part
at a time, first one, then another. Beat well, and season with French
brandy and lemon, or wine and nutmeg, to your taste.--_Mrs. M._


     14 eggs.
     Weight of 14 in sugar.
     Weight of 8 in butter.
     Weight of 6 in flour.
     Juice and grated rind of two lemons.

All the ingredients added to the beaten yolks, and the frothed whites
stirred in last.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Butter Sponge Cake._

     14 eggs.
     Their weight in sugar.
     8 in flour.
     6 in butter.
     The rind of 1, and juice of 2 lemons.

Bake quickly.--_Mrs. S._


     The weight of 1 dozen eggs in sugar.
     The weight of 4 eggs in flour.
     The juice and rind of 1 lemon.

Beat well, and bake quickly.--_Mrs. McG._


     1 cupful white sugar.
     2 cupfuls sifted flour.
     ½ cupful cold water.
     3 eggs.

One teaspoonful yeast powder in the flour; flavor to the taste. Mix
yolks and sugar, then add the water after the whites (beaten to a
stiff froth first), then the flour.--_Miss S._


     14 eggs.
     Weight of 10 in powdered sugar.
     Weight of 6 in flour.
     Grated rind and juice of 1 lemon.

Beat the yolks of eight eggs very light, then add the sugar and beat
again. Put in the juice and grated rind of a lemon, then the whites of
fourteen eggs beaten to a stiff froth. Beat all together for fifteen
minutes without cessation, stirring in the flour last, barely mixing;
do not beat it. Pour into buttered moulds or shapes and bake in a hot
oven. A large cake will require fully an hour for baking. If it bakes
too fast on top, cover with buttered paper.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Sponge Cake._ (_Never fails._)

     12 eggs.
     Their weight in sugar.
     The weight of 7 in flour.
     Juice of 1 lemon.
     1 tablespoonful good vinegar.

Beat the whites, beat the yolks and sugar; add the whites, beat well;
add the flour, and after adding it, do not beat it longer than is
required to stir it in; then add the lemon and vinegar, just as you
put it in the tins or moulds.

When the cake is hot, _lemon sauce_ is nice to eat with it.--_Mrs. K._


     4 eggs, whites and yolks beaten separately.
     2 teacupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful sweet cream.
     2 heaping cupfuls flour.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Two teaspoonfuls cream of tartar, mixed in the flour before it is
sifted. Add whites of eggs last thing before the flour, then stir that
in gently, without beating. Very nice.--_Mrs. F. C. W._


     Whites of 14 eggs.
     Yolks of only 7.

One pound best white sugar stirred in the yolks after they are well
beaten. Add the whites, and lastly stir in very lightly half a pound
of sifted flour. Beat very little after putting in the flour. Bake
quickly.--_Mrs. D. C. K._


     6 eggs.
     1½ teacups flour.
     1 teacup powdered sugar.
     Rind and juice of a lemon.

Beat the eggs separately and very light. Do not beat the batter much
after adding the flour, which must be done last of all. Get a square
baking-pan, butter it, and pour one-half the batter in, reserving the
rest for a second layer. Have ready a nice damp towel, lay the cake on
it when taken out of the pan; spread over the cake, jam or currant
jelly; roll it up whilst damp, and when firmly set put it in a place
to dry. It is good eaten with sauce, when for a dinner dish, or it can
be cut in slices and eaten as small cakes.--_Mrs. M. C._


     4 cupfuls of sugar.
     4 cupfuls of flour.
     1 dozen eggs.

Mix as for sponge cake. Bake in thin sheets and spread on stewed
apples, or any kind of fruit, a little sweetened; roll the sheets with
the top on the outside. Serve with rich wine sauce.--_Mrs. Col. S._


     1 lemon bruised and strained.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 large apple.
     1 egg.

Beat the egg and mash the apple fine, grate the lemon peel, then mix
all together; put into a can or cup and set into a pot of water. Let
boil until it is cooked, and use as you would for common jelly
cake.--_Mrs. W. McF._


Dissolve one-half cake of chocolate in one teacup of cream or milk,
and let it cool slowly; then take it off the fire and stir in the
well-beaten whites of three eggs mixed with one pound of sugar. Let it
cool, stirring all the time till you find that it will harden when

Spread between the cakes while it is still soft.--_Mrs. E. C. G._


     Beat 8 eggs very light.
     Cream ½ pound butter.
     ¾ pound flour.
     ¾ pound sugar well beaten.
     1 teaspoonful tartaric acid.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.

Stir these in when ready to bake. Bake in thin pans, and put on jelly
while warm.--_Mrs. J. L._


Bake sponge-cake batter (by recipe given) in jelly-cake pans. Beat
with three eggs, two cupfuls sugar, butter size of an egg, melted, and
juice and grated rind of two lemons. Stir over a slow fire until it
boils, then spread between the layers of cake. Ice with lemon icing,
or sift over powdered sugar.--_Mrs. S. T._


     8 eggs.
     The weight of 4 in flour.
     The weight of 6 in sugar.

To be baked in flat tins.

For the jelly: one-quarter pound butter, one-half pound sugar, yolks
of three eggs, juice and grated rind of one lemon.

To be put in a saucepan and allowed to come to a boil. Then the three
whites, beaten to a stiff froth, must be stirred in and the saucepan
returned to the fire until it boils up. Spread between layers of
cake.--_Mrs. E. C. G._


Bake as for the orange cake. For the jelly: take the juice and rind of
three lemons, one pound sugar, one-quarter pound butter, six eggs;
beat together; scald as you do custard. When cool, it must be
thick-spread between the cakes; ice the top.--_Mrs. C. C._


     3 eggs.
     1 teacup of sugar.
     1 teacup of flour.

Beat the yolks of the eggs till light, then add the sugar; continue
beating for some time, then add the whites beaten to a stiff froth;
next put in the flour, a little at a time. Bake in a long pan, well
greased; when done turn out on bread-board, then cover the top with
jelly and roll while warm, and slice as needed.--_Mrs. A. H._

_Rolled Jelly Cake._

     1 cupful sugar.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     1½ cupful of flour.
     2/3 cupful of milk.
     1 egg.

Two teaspoonfuls of baking powder sifted with the flour. Bake in a
large sheet, and when done, spread on the jelly and cut the sheets in
strips three or four inches wide and roll up. If instead of jelly a
sauce is made and spread between the layers of cake, it may be eaten
as a cream-pie and furnish a very nice dessert. For the sauce, beat
together one egg, one teaspoonful of corn-starch, or one tablespoonful
flour and two tablespoonfuls of sugar. Stir into a half-pint of milk
and boil until it forms a good custard. Remove from the fire and
flavor with vanilla.--_Mrs. M._


     Whites of two eggs, beaten to a froth.
     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     Juice and grated peel of 2 oranges.

Put this between the layers, and on top the cakes.--_Mrs. C. C._

Oranges cut fine, and sweetened and mixed with grated cocoanut, also
chocolate, is used for filling jelly cake. Sponge cake is better than
the soda recipe.--_Mrs. C. C._


Weigh and make a pound cake; add a spoonful of yeast, take one-third
part of the batter and add to it two teaspoonfuls of cinnamon, two
teaspoonfuls of mace, one teaspoonful of cloves, one teaspoonful of
nutmeg, finely ground.

Put in your pan, first a layer of the plain batter, then a layer of
the spiced, finishing with the plain. The batter will make three
layers of plain and two of spiced. It bakes in beautiful
layers.--_Mrs. C. L. T._


Make up a pound cake and add two teaspoonfuls of yeast-powder. Take
one-third part of the batter and add to it two teaspoonfuls of
cinnamon and mace each, one teaspoonful of cloves and allspice each,
one nutmeg finely powdered. Then grease a pan and put in first a layer
of the plain batter, then the spiced, alternately, till you have it
full, finishing with the plain. Bake as a pound cake.--_Mrs. C. V.

MARBLE CAKE. _Light Part._

     3 cupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful butter.
     1 cupful sour cream.
     5 cupfuls flour.
     Whites of 8 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

_Dark Part._

     2 cupfuls brown sugar.
     1 cupful molasses.
     1 cupful sour cream.
     1 cupful butter.
     5 cupfuls flour.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     Yolks of 8 eggs.
     1 whole egg.
     1 wine-glassful wine.
     Mixed spices.

Put alternately layers of each kind in two-pound moulds.

_Marble Cake._

_Light Part._

1 cupful white sugar.
½ cupful butter.
½ cupful buttermilk.
Whites of 3 eggs.
1 teaspoonful cream tartar.
½ teaspoonful soda.
2 cupfuls flour.

_Dark Part._

     ½ cupful brown sugar.
     ¼ cupful butter.
     ½ cupful molasses.
     ¼ cupful milk.
     ½ nutmeg.
     1 teaspoonful cinnamon.
     ½ teaspoonful allspice.
     2 cupfuls flour.
     ½ teaspoonful soda.
     1 teaspoonful cream tartar.
     Yolks of 3 eggs.

Put in the mould, alternately, tablespoonfuls of light and dark
batter.--_Mrs. D. C. K._


     3 cupfuls white sugar.
     1 cupful butter.
     1 cupful sour cream, or buttermilk.
     5 cupfuls flour.
     Whites of 8 eggs.
     1 small spoonful soda.

This is for the white batter.

_Dark Batter._

     2 cupfuls coffee sugar.
     1 cupful molasses.
     1 cupful sour cream.
     1 cupful butter.
     5 cupfuls flour.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     Yolks of 8 eggs, and a whole one.
     1 wine-glassful mixed spices, finely powdered.

Put in the pan, in alternate layers of light and dark batter. Bake
quickly, like sponge cake. Ice and ornament with chocolate drops. This
fills a two-pound mould.


     12 eggs, leaving out the whites of 3.
     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar,
     ¾ pound butter.
     2 small teaspoonfuls cream tartar.
     2 small teaspoonfuls powdered alum.
     1 small teaspoonful soda.
     2 small teaspoonfuls cochineal, dissolved in 1/3 cupful boiling water.

Having dissolved the alum, soda, and cream tartar, mix with the
cochineal. Stir these ingredients in nearly one-third of the batter.
Pour into the cake mould a layer of white batter, and a layer of red
batter, alternately, beginning and ending with white; three layers of
white and two of red. This is an ornamental cake to cut for baskets.


     Yolks of 4 eggs.
     Mix 2½ teaspoonfuls yeast powder in 2½ cupfuls flour.
     1 cupful brown sugar.
     ½ cupful syrup,
     ½ cupful butter, must be melted after being measured.
     Stir with the sugar 2½ teaspoonfuls powdered cloves.
     1 teaspoonful powdered cinnamon.
     1 teaspoonful powdered allspice.

The spices must be put in the flour, the syrup added after the sugar
and butter are stirred together, then the eggs and milk, and lastly
the flour. Mix the above alternately, in your pans, after having them
buttered.--_Mrs. W._


     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     3 cupfuls of flour.
     ½ cupful of butter.
     3 eggs.
     1 cupful of sour milk.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls of cream tartar.

Dissolve the soda in the milk, melt the butter and add it to the eggs.
Add the sugar and cream tartar to the flour. Pour it all together in
shallow pans that have been well greased. Bake twenty minutes.

While baking the above, get one pint of sweet milk, one cupful of
sugar, one cup of flour, butter one-half size of an egg. If you use
cream instead of milk, you can omit butter. Break two eggs into the
sugar, beat awhile, then add flour and beat thoroughly. Have the milk
on the fire, and as soon as it boils, stir the mixture in it, after
thinning it with some of the milk until it is like paste; cook until
it is like stiff starch. Season freely with vanilla when cold, and
spread it between the cakes as jelly cake is made.

Grated cocoanut can be used instead, by preparing as follows: one
large cocoanut grated, two pounds of loaf sugar. Pour the milk from
the nut on the sugar; boil it two or three minutes, first mixing in
the whites of three eggs; if not soft enough, add some sweet milk.
Take it off the fire, stir in the grated cocoanut, and spread between
the cakes.--_Mrs. J. F. G._

_Cream Cake._

     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     1 cupful of sweet milk.
     3 cupfuls of flour.
     2 tablespoonfuls of butter.
     4 eggs.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda.
     1 teaspoonful of cream tartar.

Bake in four jelly pans.


     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     ½ pint of sweet milk.
     1/3 cupful of flour.
     1 egg.

Heat the milk to boiling heat, beat the egg and sugar together; take a
little milk, and make a smooth paste with the flour, and stir into the
sugar and egg, then stir all into the milk. Let it boil until thick,
then spread between cakes.--_Mrs. A. H._

CAPITAL CAKE. (_Delicious._)

     1 pound of sugar.
     4 cupfuls of flour, after being sifted.
     1 cupful of butter.
     1 cupful of morning's milk.
     6 eggs beaten light.
     2 teaspoonfuls of cream tartar, sifted in the flour.
     1 teaspoonful of soda dissolved in the milk. Flavor with
     lemon or nutmeg.--_Mrs. M._


     5 cupfuls of flour.
     3 cupfuls of sugar.
     1½ cupfuls of butter.
     As much fruit as you like.
     1 teaspoonful of soda dissolved in a cupful of milk.
     3 eggs.
     1 nutmeg.
     1 wine-glass wine and brandy mixed.

Mix as pound cake.--_Mrs. J. W. H._

_Cup Cake._

     1 cupful of butter.
     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     2½ cupfuls of flour.
     ½ cupful of milk.
     5 eggs, beaten separately.
     1 teaspoonful yeast powder.--_Miss M. W._

_A Nice Cup Cake._

     6 eggs.
     4 cupfuls of flour.
     3 cupfuls of sugar.
     1 cupful of butter.
     1 cupful of milk.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar,
     ½ teaspoonful of soda.

Season with mace and nutmeg. Bake in cups or little tin pans.--_Mrs.
Wm. C. R._


     2¼ pounds flour.
     2 pounds butter.
     24 eggs, yolks and whites.
     12 ounces almonds.
     2 tablespoonfuls rose water, in which the almonds should be beaten.
     2 wine-glasses of French brandy.
     2 heaping teaspoonfuls beaten mace, and a butter-plate of preserved
       lemon-peel.--_L. T._

_Delicious Cake._

     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     1 cupful of butter.
     1 cupful of milk.
     3 cupfuls of flour, after being sifted.
     3 eggs.
     2 tablespoonfuls baking powder.

Bake in jelly-cake pans, and between each layer put fruit jelly, icing
of chocolate and cocoanut each. This quantity will bake five thin
cakes.--_Mrs. McG._


     1 quart of flour, well dried.
     1 cupful of butter.
     3 cupfuls granulated sugar--it is better than pulverized.
     6 eggs, well beaten.
     Lemon, or other seasoning.

1 light measure of both Horsford's powders, or, if preferred, a small
teaspoonful of soda, and ½ cup of buttermilk.

Cream of tartar takes the place of buttermilk, when used with
soda.--_Mrs. A._

CAKE (_with sauce_.)

     5 eggs.
     1 pound of flour,
     ¾ pound of sugar.
     ½ pound butter.
     1 cup of cream.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.--_Mrs. C. B._


     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound flour.
     ¾ pound butter.
     8 eggs.
     1 teacup of sweet cream.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar, sifted in the flour.
     1 teaspoonful of soda dissolved in a little water, and put in
     the cream. Bake in pans or cups.--_Mrs. P._


     ½ cupful butter.
     2 cupfuls sugar.
     7 eggs, leaving out 4 yolks.
     3 cupfuls flour.
     1 cupful of milk.
     2 teaspoonfuls baking powder. Bake in shallow pans.

For the custard: one quart of milk, let come to a boil, sweeten it;
take the four yolks and three tablespoonfuls of cornstarch, mix with a
little of the milk cold, and then stir it gradually into the boiling
milk, and continue to stir until done. Add a piece of butter the size
of a walnut; flavor with vanilla, and put between the cakes.--_Mrs. C.


     Whites of 13 eggs, yolks of 3.
     ¾ pound of butter.
     1 pound of flour.
     1 pound of sugar. Season to taste.--_Miss E. T._


Beat to a cream:

     1 teacup of butter.
     6 eggs.
     3 teacups of sugar.
     1 teacup of cream.
     4 teacups of flour.
     ½ nutmeg.
     1 wine-glass of brandy.
     1 pound raisins.
     1 teaspoonful of soda, dissolved in cream.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Have a large, nice brass kettle ready. Set it on a few warm embers,
not with any fire; put into the kettle:

     12 eggs.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound butter.
     A light pound of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of mace.
     Rind and juice of a large lemon.

Stir all the materials rapidly, and with a strong, large iron spoon or
a long butter-ladle. When it is light, which will be in about
three-quarters of an hour, put it in a mould and bake as common pound
cake. It is good with

     2 pounds currants.
     2 pounds raisins.
     ½ pound citron.
     1 glass of brandy.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


     5 eggs.
     1 large teacupful brown sugar.
     4 cupfuls flour.
     3 cupfuls molasses.
     1½ cupful butter.
     Ginger and spice to the taste.
     1 teaspoonful soda, dissolved in a little milk. Bake.--_Mrs.
     D. R._


     1½ pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     9 ounces butter.
     3 gills milk.
     ¼ pint yeast.
     4 eggs.

Work the butter and sugar together. Put the yeast in the flour and
one-half the butter and sugar the overnight; then mix the milk in, and
beat it some time. Set it where it will rise. In the morning, when
well risen, mix in the remainder of the butter and sugar, and the
eggs, also some currants or raisins, or both, if you wish them, a
little nutmeg or mace, and beat all well together for some time. Then
put it in the pan and set it to rise again. It must be very light
before you put it in the oven. It requires some time to soak.--_Mrs.
I. H._


     6 eggs.
     1½ cupful butter.
     3 cupfuls sugar.
     4 cupfuls flour.
     1 cupful milk.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Season to taste.--_Mrs. R._


Soak sponge cake in wine and water. Make a custard of six eggs to one
quart of milk, and pour over it. Reserve the whites, beat to stiff
froth, to put over last.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Half a pound of butter, one pound sugar; creamed together. One teacup
of cold water, with a level teaspoonful of soda dissolved in it, and
poured in the butter and sugar, two teaspoonfuls cream of tartar,
sifted in one pound of flour.

Mix the flour with butter, sugar, and water, and beat well. Take five
eggs, beat yolks and whites separately, and then beat them together
three minutes. Season as you like, and mix with the batter. Beat
considerably and bake half an hour.--_Mrs. A. B._


     6 eggs, beaten separately.
     1 pound sugar.
     ¾ pound butter.
     1 quart flour.
     ½ pint sifted meal.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     A little mace and cinnamon.

After mixing, stir in one quart of the berries, so as not to mash
them, having previously dusted them with flour. Mix the soda with
one-half pint of cream or milk.--_Mrs. A. P._


     1 pound flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     12 whites, and 10 yolks of eggs.
     2 glasses wine.

They should gradually harden in the oven till quite crisp, and be
frequently turned in the pans.


     1½ pound sugar.
     ½ pint water.

Boil until it ropes. Have ready the whites of seven eggs well beaten,
pour the syrup into a bowl, and beat until milk-warm. Then put in the
eggs, and beat for an hour.--_Mrs. W._


Dissolve one pint powdered sugar in two or three tablespoonfuls water,
and boil.

Beat the whites of four eggs to a strong froth; add the hot sugar,
stirring in till smooth. Beat about two minutes and flavor to your
taste, spread on the cake, and put in a hot place.--_Mrs. P._


Whites of two eggs, beaten to a froth.

One pound of sugar, dissolved and boiled in a small teacup of water.

Then strain the sugar and pour it into the egg, beating it hard until

Add one-half teaspoonful lemon acid.--_L. D. L._


     1½ pound cut sugar, or double refined.
     1 teacup of water.
     6 whites of eggs.

Boil the sugar to candy height; when nearly cold put in eggs.--_Miss
E. P._


     Whites of 3 eggs.
     1 pound sugar.

Beat very light and season with vanilla or lemon. After beating very
lightly, add the white of another egg and it will give a pretty gloss
upon the icing.--_Miss E. P._


Take three pounds cut or best quality of loaf sugar, dissolve it in a
small quantity of water, boil to candy height or until it ropes. Have
ready the whites of thirteen eggs well beaten. When the sugar is
boiled sufficiently, pour it into a deep bowl, occasionally stirring
it gently, until you can just bear your finger in it; then add the
beaten egg all at once, beating it very hard for half an hour, when it
is ready for use. Strain into the icing the juice of one lemon into
which the peel has been grated, for half an hour.--_Mrs. F C. W._


Break into a dish the whites of four eggs. Whip in by degrees one and
one-quarter pound of the finest loaf sugar, powdered and sifted. Beat
till stiff and smooth, then add the strained juice of a large lemon
with a few drops of oil of lemon, and beat again; in all beat half an
hour. If too stiff add a little more white of egg. Some persons put it
on with a knife, but it is far smoother and more evenly spread over
the cake if put on with a large spoon. Dip up a spoonful of the icing
and pour it from the spoon over the cake. Pour it over the top of the
cake and it will diffuse itself down the sides. To color icing yellow,
steep the rind of an orange or lemon in the lemon juice before
straining it into the icing. To make it pink, put in strawberry or
cranberry juice with the lemon juice.--_Mrs. S. T._


Whites of six eggs to one pound sugar, or one egg to three
teaspoonfuls of sugar.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


One and one-fourth pound loaf sugar, added to one teacup of water and
boiled to a thick syrup. Then strain it through thin muslin, and,
while hot, stir into it the whites of three eggs beaten stiff. Then
beat in the strained juice of a lemon and season with a little oil of
lemon. If too thin, add a little sugar; if too stiff, add a little
more white of egg.--_Mrs. S. T._


     1 cupful butter.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 cupful molasses.
     1 cupful sour cream.
     3 eggs.
     ½ tablespoonful of soda.
     2 tablespoonfuls of ginger.

Flour until the spoon will almost stand alone. Cloves and cinnamon to
taste. (This is very good.)--_Mrs. J. F._


     3 eggs.
     1 teacup butter.
     ½ teacup ginger.
     1 teacup molasses.
     3 teacups sifted flour.
     1 large tablespoonful of ginger.
     1 small teaspoonful of soda, dissolved in ½ teacup of sour
       cream.--_Mrs. McG._


     6 eggs.
     4 cupfuls molasses.
     2 cupfuls of butter.
     6 cupfuls flour.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     1 tablespoonful ginger.
     Cinnamon to your taste.--_Mrs. P. W._


     2 pounds flour.
     1 pound nice brown sugar.
     1 pound butter.
     6 eggs.
     ½ pint molasses.
     3 ounces ginger.

Bake in a large cake.--_Mrs. A. T._


     1½ pound of flour.
     ½ pound butter.
     ½ pound sugar.
     6 eggs.
     6 races of white ginger.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     1 pint molasses.

To be baked in tins or a pan.--_Mrs. I. H._


     3 eggs.
     1 cupful molasses.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 cupful butter (half lard will answer).
     ½ teaspoonful soda, dissolved in 1 tablespoonful buttermilk.
     1 tablespoonful ground ginger.
     2½ cupfuls flour.

Mix as other cake. Some like allspice.--_Mrs. H. D._


     5 light cupfuls flour.
     5 eggs.
     2 cupfuls sugar.
     2 cupfuls molasses.
     1 cupful butter.
     1 cupful cream, with one teaspoonful soda.
     2 tablespoonfuls cream of tartar.
     2 teaspoonfuls ground ginger.

All well beaten together. Bake as pound cake.--_Miss E. T._

_Molasses Cake._

     1 teaspoonful soda.
     1 pound butter.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pint molasses.
     1 tablespoonful ginger.

Flour enough to make it as thick as ordinary cake.--_Miss J. C._


     ½ pound butter.
     2 cupfuls sugar.
     2 cupfuls molasses.
     6 cupfuls flour.
     1 cupful cream.
     4 eggs.
     Some cloves and nutmeg; add lemon to taste.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     1 quart flour.
     5 eggs.
     1 pint molasses.
     ¼ pound butter.
     2 tablespoonfuls ginger.
     1 teaspoonful soda, dissolved in 1 teacup sour milk.--_Mrs. T. C._



     1½ pound flour.
     1½ pound brown sugar.
     1½ pound butter.
     1 tablespoonful lard.
     4 tablespoonfuls powdered cinnamon.
     1 teaspoonful soda, dissolved in a cup of milk.

Roll on extra flour very thin. Dip the face of each cake in granulated
sugar. Bake slowly in greased pans.--_Mrs. R. R._

SCOTCH CAKES. (_Very nice._)

     2 pounds flour.
     1½ pound sugar.
     1 pound butter.
     6 eggs, beaten together.
     3 nutmegs.--_Mrs. P. McG._


     4 eggs.
     4 cupfuls sugar.
     ½ pound butter.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     1 cupful sour cream.
     Pounded cinnamon and grated nutmeg for flavoring.
     Sufficient flour for a soft dough.

Roll thin and cut it with tin shapes, and bake quickly.--_Mrs. S._


     6 eggs.
     1 pound sugar.
     ¾ pound butter.
     1 teaspoonful soda, in 1 cupful sour cream.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar, in 1 quart flour.--_Mrs. S._


Beat up one egg, add to it half a cupful sugar, half a cupful flour,
mixing thoroughly. While this is being done, put on the fire half a
pint milk; when it boils, stir in the eggs, sugar, and flour mixture,
then add a piece of butter, half the size of an egg. Stir all the time
until it is of the desired consistency, which will be in a few
minutes. When cold, add, and thoroughly mix, one and one-half
teaspoonful vanilla.

For the cake: put one tumblerful of water to boil, and then add
one-quarter pound butter; when melted, put in one and one-half
tumblerful of flour. Stir in, mixing thoroughly, being careful not to
burn it. It is sufficiently cooked by the time it is thoroughly mixed.
Remove from the fire, and when cool, stir in five unbeaten eggs,
mixing one at a time. It will then be the consistency of stiff paste.
Drop on buttered tins, and bake in a quick oven fifteen or twenty
minutes. Cut the side and insert the cream.--_Mrs. H. M._


Cream together one pound of sugar and one pound of butter very light.
Beat the yolks of six eggs, sift one and one-half pound of flour into
the eggs, butter, and sugar; one teaspoonful of mixed spices, one-half
glassful of rose water. Stir the whole well, and roll it on the board
till it is half an inch thick; cut in cakes and bake quickly. When
cold, spread the surface of each cake with marmalade. Beat the whites
of four eggs light, and add enough powdered sugar to make them as
thick as icing. Flavor it with lemon, and put it on top of each cake.
Put the cakes in the oven, and as soon as they are of a pale brown,
take them out.--_Miss M. C. L._


Two pounds of flour, one pound and five ounces of sugar, one pound and
five ounces of butter, eight eggs. Rub together the butter and sugar
till perfectly light; beat the eggs till very thick, leaving out the
whites of six eggs for the icing. Sift the flour into the eggs, butter
and sugar, one teaspoonful of mixed spices (cinnamon, mace, and
nutmeg), half a glass of rose water. Stir the whole well together, and
roll it on your paste-board about half an inch thick; then cut out the
cakes and bake them a few minutes. When cold, spread the surface of
each cake with marmalade or jam. Beat the whites, left out, very
light, and add enough powdered sugar to make them as thick as icing.
Season with lemon or vanilla, and with a spoon put it on each cake.
Put the cakes in the oven to brown.--_Mrs. H._


Rub together one pound sugar, one pound of butter, till perfectly
light. Beat six eggs till very thick, leaving out the whites. Sift one
and a half pound of flour into the eggs, butter, and sugar, one
teaspoonful of mixed spices (cinnamon, mace, and nutmeg), and half a
glass of rose water. Stir the whole well, and roll it on the
paste-board about one-quarter inch thick. Then cut out the cakes and
bake them a few minutes. When cold, spread the surface of each cake
with peach jam or any marmalade. Beat the whites of four eggs very
light, and add enough powdered sugar to make them as thick as icing.
Flavor it with lemon or rose water and with a spoon put it on each
cake, high in the centre. Put the cakes in the oven, and as soon as
they are of a pale brown take them out.--_Mrs. I. H._


     1 pound flour.
     12 ounces sugar.
     12 ounces butter.
     2 eggs.

Add two tablespoonfuls rose water, or two teaspoonfuls beaten mace.
Roll and bake in tin sheets or in an oven.--_Mrs. T._


Blanch and pound one pound of sweet almonds with a little rose water;
whip the whites of seven eggs to a froth; add one pound sugar; beat
some time. Add the almonds; mix well. Drop on buttered paper, sift
sugar over them, and bake quickly.


     1 pound flour,
     ¾ pound butter.
     1 pound sugar.
     3 eggs. Flavor with mace.

A delicious cake.--_Mrs. A. T._


     3 teacups sugar.
     1 teacup lard.
     6 teacups flour.
     1 teaspoonful soda in one cup of sour cream.
     3 eggs.

The grated rind of one or two lemons, or a little grated nutmeg. Roll
out and bake.--_Mrs. H. S._


     3 pounds flour.
     2 pounds sugar.
     1 pound butter.
     8 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     A little milk if the eggs are not enough.--_Mrs. M. E._


Rub one pound butter into one and a quarter pound flour; beat four
eggs with one and a quarter pound sugar, very light; mix well with the
flour. Add one nutmeg and a glass of brandy.--_Mrs. J. W._


     1 teacup of molasses.
     1 cupful of good liquid coffee.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 cupful butter.
     4 cupfuls flour.
     1 teaspoonful of cinnamon.
     1 teaspoonful cloves.
     1 teaspoonful cream tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful soda.
     1 pound of raisins.
     ¼ pound of citron.
     3 eggs.
     ½ wine-glass of brandy.--_Mrs. J. H. F._


     1 pound butter.
     2 pounds flour.
     1 pound sugar.

Six eggs, leaving out two yolks, which you will beat up with a little
rose water, and, with a feather, spread on the cakes; then strew
cinnamon and sugar on them, and blanched almonds. Lay them on tins,
and bake them in a slow oven.--_Mrs. I. H._


     2 quarts flour.
     6 or 8 eggs, the yolks only.
     ½ pound butter.
     ½ pound sugar.
     1 spoonful cinnamon.--_Mrs. Dr. R. E._


     2 pounds flour.
     1 pound loaf sugar.
     1 pound butter.
     6 eggs.
     Mace and a little wine to flavor.

Bake quickly.--_Mrs. A. T._


     1 coffee-cup of sugar.
     2 tablespoonfuls of butter not melted.
     1 teacup of sweet milk.
     Whites of 2 eggs, or 1 whole egg.
     2 coffee-cups of flour.--_Mrs. N._


Take one egg, two tablespoonfuls cream, butter the size of a walnut,
flour to make the dough very stiff; work it well and roll it very
thin. Cut the size of a saucer. Fry in lard and sprinkle with powdered
sugar.--_Mrs. T. C._


Mix four cupfuls of sugar with eight cupfuls of flour and one large
spoonful of coriander-seed; add one cupful of butter, one cupful of
lard, six eggs, two tablespoonfuls of sour cream or milk, one
teaspoonful of soda.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


     3 eggs.
     1 cupful of butter or lard.
     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     6 cupfuls of sifted flour.
     1 nutmeg.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls of cream of tartar, sifted with the flour.

Cream the butter with one cup of the sugar, beat the eggs separately
and put into the yolks the remaining cup of sugar; add this to the
butter, and put in whites and flour last. Roll thin and bake
quickly.--_Mrs. F. F. F._


     5 eggs.
     1 quart of milk.
     1 quart of flour.
     A piece of butter the size of an egg.

Beat the eggs very light; mix into them the flour and milk
alternately, and beating it until perfectly smooth, add a little salt.
Melt the butter and stir it into the batter. Bake in small
moulds.--_Mrs. J. D._


     2 quarts of flour.
     1 small teacup of lard.
     1 small teacup of butter.
     3 cupfuls of sugar.
     3 eggs.
     1 cupful of cream (sour is best).
     2 small teaspoonfuls of soda.
     1 grated nutmeg.

Roll out half an inch thick, and bake in a moderate oven.--_Mrs. F. C.


     2 quarts of flour.
     2 cups of sugar.
     6 eggs.
     2 spoonfuls of soda.
     4 spoonfuls cream of tartar.
     4 tablespoonfuls of melted butter.
     A little salt.

Rub the cream tartar, flour, and sugar together; wet with sweet milk
quite soft. Have the lard several inches deep in the pot or pan you
cook in, and when boiling lay in enough crullers just to cover the
bottom. They must be quite thin, and when brown on the lower side,
turn over with a fork. They are more convenient to turn with a hole in
the centre.--_Mrs. B._


     2 quarts of flour.
     3 cupfuls of sugar.
     1 cup of butter.
     5 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful of soda dissolved in 2 tablespoonfuls of sweet milk.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.
     Season with lemon or nutmeg.--_Mrs. H._


     Whites of 3 eggs beaten to a froth.
     1 cupful of pulverized sugar.
     ½ cupful of sweet milk.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda.
     2½ cupfuls of flour.
     1 teaspoonful of almonds.
     ½ cupful of melted butter.--_Mrs. R._


Beat the yolks of three eggs, the whites whipped to a froth, three
full cups of brown sugar, half a pound of butter, one spoonful lard,
one and a half pound of flour, leaving two spoonfuls to roll with. Mix
all well together. Dissolve one teaspoonful soda and three-quarters
teaspoonful tartaric acid in a little cream. First mix the soda with
the dough, then the acid. Season with mace or wine. They will rise
very much.--_Mrs. D._


Beat the yolks and whites of two eggs separately; to the yolks add two
coffee-cups of sugar, and two cupfuls of sweet milk; then four
tablespoonfuls butter creamed; next the white of the eggs, lastly,
four cupfuls of flour with one teaspoonful soda, two teaspoonfuls
cream of tartar, sifted in the flour.

Bake in shallow pans.--_Mrs. C. V. McG._


     1 egg.
     1 teacupful sugar.
     ½ teacupful of butter.
     3 teaspoonfuls milk.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda.
     2 small lemons; juice of two and grated rind of one.

Mix rather stiff. Roll and cut out with a cake-cutter.--_Mrs. W._


Make a rich paste with one quart flour; roll it out very thin, first
dividing it in two pieces, spread it with butter, washed and creamed,
"A" sugar, and pulverized cinnamon. Roll it up, cut it in pieces one
inch wide; put them in a pan with the whole side down; sprinkle over
them sugar, butter, and cinnamon. Bake quickly. Take them out of the
pan while hot.--_Mrs. Col. A. L._


     Yolks of 6 eggs.
     1 light pound flour.
     ¼ pound butter.
     1 spoonful lard.
     1 pound sugar.

These cakes are better without soda and of the consistency of
Shrewsbury cakes. Beat the whites of three eggs to a strong froth;
weigh one pound of the best "A" sugar, put it in a tin can with three
wine-glasses of water. Let it boil slowly, till it begins to rope, or
rather, when a little of it will cool on a plate, like it would begin
to candy. Then pour the boiling sugar gradually to the white of egg;
beat it well till it begins to thicken and to cool somewhat, then beat
into the icing two tablespoonfuls of powdered cinnamon, and ice over
the little cakes, using a stiff feather for the purpose. You can add
the other unbeaten whites of eggs, with an addition of sugar, to make
more small cakes.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


     4 ounces butter.
     4 ounces sugar.
     5 ounces flour.
     4 eggs.
     1 glass of wine.
     A little mace and nutmeg.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


     4 spoonfuls flour.
     4 spoonfuls sugar.
     4 spoonfuls cream.
     1 spoonful butter.
     Orange peel, mace, and nutmeg.

Prepare as for pound cake. Bake in wafer irons, rolling them while


Beat the whites of three eggs and three-quarters pound of sugar till
well mixed. Stir in blanched almonds, cut fine. Drop on tins and bake
in a cool oven.--_Mrs. A. C._


     1 teacup of butter.
     1 teacup brown sugar.
     1 teacup sour milk.
     7 cupfuls flour.
     1½ teacup molasses.
     1½ teaspoonfuls soda.--_Mrs. C. B._


     1 pint of molasses.
     1 teacup brown sugar.
     1 teacup of butter and lard mixed.

Beat the molasses till it looks light, then put it in the sugar; next
pour in the hot butter and lard, one egg beaten light, one teacup
ground ginger.

Have the mixture milk-warm; work flour in briskly. Roll them and bake
quickly.--_Miss N. S. L._


     1 dozen eggs.
     2 pounds of flour.
     1 pound butter.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pint molasses.
     1 small teacup of ginger.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.--_Mrs. Col. S._


     3 pints of flour.
     1 large spoonful of lard.
     2 large spoonfuls of ginger.
     1 dessertspoonful of soda in a pint of molasses.--_Mrs. H. S._


     ¾ pound butter, ½ pound sugar, rubbed to a cream.
     ½ nutmeg.
     1 tablespoonful ginger.

Stir all together, then add two eggs well beaten, stir in one pound of
flour and moisten with sweet milk, until it can be easily worked. Roll
out and bake in quick oven.--_Mrs. H. D._


     7 cupfuls of flour.
     2 cupfuls of molasses.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 cupful of butter.
     1 cupful of sour milk.
     1 even tablespoonful of soda.
     2 tablespoonfuls of ginger.

Let the dough be as soft as you can conveniently handle it. Bake in a
moderately quick oven.--_Mrs. R. L._


     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound flour.
     1 pint molasses. Mix well.
     ¾ pound butter.
     3 tablespoonfuls ginger.
     1 tablespoonful allspice.
     1 tablespoonful cinnamon.

Bake in small drops or cakes.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


     1 cupful butter.
     1 tablespoonful ginger.
     1 teaspoonful soda, in 1 pint boiling molasses.

Stir and let it cool; add sifted flour enough to make a dough; roll
thin and bake.--_Mrs. S. B._


     1 pound butter, cream it as for pound cake.
     2 packed quarts flour.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pint molasses.
     5 eggs.
     2 tablespoonfuls ginger.--_Mrs. N._


The directions given for cake apply likewise to puddings. Always beat
the whites and yolks of the eggs separately and very light, and add
the whites just before baking or boiling. All puddings (except those
risen with yeast), should be baked immediately after the ingredients
are mixed. Thick yellow earthenware dishes are better than tin for
baking puddings, on several accounts. One is that the pudding, to be
good, must be baked principally from the bottom, and tin burns more
easily than earthenware. Another reason is, that the acids employed in
some puddings corrode and discolor tin. Garnish the pudding with
sifted white sugar, and with candied or preserved orange or lemon

In boiling a pudding, cold water should never be added. Keep a kettle
of hot water to replenish the water in the pot as it boils away. As
soon as the pudding is done, remove it from the boiling water. A
decrease in heat whilst cooking, makes boiled pudding sodden, and
makes baked pudding fall. The best sauce for a boiled pudding is cold
sauce made of the frothed whites of eggs, butter, sugar, nutmeg, and a
little French brandy, while for a baked pudding, a rich, boiled wine
sauce is best.


     3 dozen eggs.
     3 pounds baker's bread, stale, and grated fine.
     3 pounds suet.
     3 pounds brown sugar.
     1 pound sliced citron.
     3 pounds currants.
     4 pounds seeded raisins.
     ½ ounce nutmeg, and the same of mace, cloves, and cinnamon.
     Half pint wine.
     Half pint French cooking brandy.

Mix and divide into six parts. Tie each part in a twilled cotton
cloth, put them in boiling water, and let them boil four hours. Then
hang them in the air to dry a day or two. Keep them in a cool, dry

When you wish to use one, it must be boiled an hour before dinner.
Serve with rich sauce. It will keep six months or a year.--_Mrs. T. M.

_Plum Pudding._

     10 eggs.
     1 pound chopped suet.
     1 pound seeded raisins.
     1 pound currants.
     1 pound stale bread crumbs.
     ½ pound citron.
     1 nutmeg.
     1 wine-glassful wine.
     1 wine-glassful brandy.
     ½ pound brown sugar.

Beat the eggs light, add the sugar and spices, stir in the suet and
bread crumbs, add the fruit by degrees, then the wine and brandy. Pour
into a well-floured bag, leaving a third as much room as the mixture
occupies, for swelling. Put into a pot of boiling water and boil four
hours. Dip the bag into cold water when ready to turn out the pudding,
to prevent it from sticking.--_Mrs. E. B._

_Plum Pudding._

At sunrise, sift a quart of the best flour; rub into it an Irish
potato mashed, free from lumps. Put in it a teaspoonful of salt, and a
half teacup of yeast. Add six eggs, beaten separately, and enough
water to make a soft dough. Knead half an hour without intermission.
In winter, set it in a warm place, in summer set it in a cool place to
rise. If dinner is wanted at two o'clock, knead into this at one
o'clock, half pound of butter, two pounds of stoned raisins, cut up,
and a grated nutmeg. Work very little, just enough to mix. Wet a thick
cloth, flour it and tie it loosely that the pudding may have room to
rise. Put it in a kettle of milk-warm water, heating slowly until it
boils. Boil one hour. Serve with wine sauce.--_Mrs. S. T._


Nine eggs beaten to a froth.

Add flour sufficient to make a thick batter, free from lumps. Then add
one pint of new milk and beat well. Afterwards add the following
ingredients, in small quantities at a time, keeping it well stirred.

Two pounds stoned raisins, two pounds currants, well washed, picked,
and dried. One-quarter pound bitter almonds, blanched and divided;
three-quarters pound brown sugar; three-quarters pound beef suet,
chopped fine; one nutmeg, grated fine; one teaspoonful of ground
allspice, the same of mace and cinnamon.

This pudding should be mixed several days before cooking, then well
beaten, and more milk should be added, if required. Make this into two
puddings, put in cotton bags and boil four hours. By changing the
bags, and hanging in a cool, dry place, they will keep six months and
be the better for it. Steam and serve with sauce made as follows:

One cup of sugar, one of butter. Beat well together. Break an egg in
and mix well. Add a tablespoonful of wine or brandy, and serve
immediately.--_Mrs. F._


     1 pound of stale bread grated.
     1 pound currants.
     1 pound sugar.
     1 pound of suet chopped as fine as flour.
     ¼ of a pound of raisins, and the same of citron.

When ready to boil, wet the above with ten eggs, well beaten, two
wine-glasses of wine and the same of brandy. Grate the rinds of two
lemons, pare and chop them and beat all well together. Then dip a
strong cloth in boiling water and wring it dry. Lay it on a waiter,
greasing well with butter. Put it in a large bowl and pour the pudding
in, putting two sticks in the cloth across each other, and tying below
the sticks. Have the water boiling and throw in the pudding as soon as
tied. Put a plate at the bottom of the pot and boil four hours.--_Mrs.
Dr. S._


     Half a loaf of bread (grated).
     1 pound currants.
     2 pounds stoned raisins.
     1 pound chopped suet.
     6 eggs, and 2 pieces of citron cut up.

Beat the yolks of the eggs with two cups of flour and some milk, then
stir in the other ingredients, adding a little salt and ginger. If too
stiff, add more milk. The water must be boiling when the pudding is
put in. It will take two hours to cook.--_Mrs. M. E. J. B._


     8 eggs (the yolks and whites beaten very light).
     1 pint of suet chopped fine.
     1 pint of sweet milk.
     1½ pint stoned raisins, rubbed in flour.
     1 quart of bread crumbs rubbed till very fine.
     Half pint citron sliced thin.
     1 teacup of light brown sugar.

Grease and flour your mould, pour your pudding in, boil two hours, and
eat with rich boiled sauce, made of sugar, butter, wine, and
nutmeg.--_Mrs. B. C. C._

_Recipe for a simpler Plum Pudding._

     3 cupfuls flour.
     1 cupful raisins.
     1 cupful brown sugar.
     1 cupful buttermilk.
     ½ cup molasses.
     1 cup of suet, or half a cup of butter.
     2 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Boil and eat with sauce.--_Mrs. E. B._


     4 cupfuls flour.
     1½ cup of suet.
     1 cupful milk.
     2 cupfuls raisins.
     1 cupful molasses.
     2 eggs, and 1 teaspoonful of soda.

Boil four hours.--_Mrs. L._

_Another Recipe for the Same._

One bowl of raisins, one of currants; one of bread crumbs; one bowl of
eggs; one of brown sugar; one of suet; citron at pleasure. Boil four
hours.--_Mrs. L._


Reserve a portion of light dough intended for breakfast. Set it in a
cool place, and four hours before dinner, roll thin, without kneading.
Sprinkle thickly over it, first, a layer of sliced citron, then a
layer of seeded raisins. Roll up and lay on a buttered bread-pan till
very light. Then either boil in a cloth, prepared by wetting first and
then flouring (the pudding being allowed room for rising in this
cloth), or set the pan in the stove and bake. In the latter case,
after it becomes a light brown, it must be covered with a buttered

Dough for French rolls or muffin bread is especially adapted to this
kind of pudding.--_Mrs. S. T._


     ½ pound of seeded raisins.
     4 eggs.
     2 cupfuls of sugar.
     3 cupfuls of flour.
     1 cupful of sour cream.
     1 teaspoonful of soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls of cream tartar.

Let it steam two hours. Have the water boiling fast, and don't open
till it has boiled two hours.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


One pound of flour, twelve ounces of butter, eight ounces of sugar,
twelve ounces of fruit (either dried cherries or two kinds of
preserves). A little mace and wine.

Boil like a plum pudding.


One pint of cream, large spoonful of butter, one glass of wine. Season
to the taste. Let it cook, but not come to a boil.--_Mrs. A. F._

_Another Sauce._

Cream half a pound of butter; work into it six tablespoonfuls of
sugar; beat in one egg, add a wine-glass of wine or brandy, and half a
grated nutmeg. Set it on the fire, and as soon as it boils, serve it
for the table.--_Mrs. F._


     3 cupfuls of flour.
     1 cupful of suet.
     1 cupful of milk.
     1 cupful of molasses.
     2 cupfuls of raisins.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     1 teaspoonful of cloves and the same of cinnamon.
     ½ teaspoonful of soda, dissolved in milk.

To be boiled three hours in a coarse bag, and eaten with wine
sauce.--_Mrs. W._


     1 quart of flour (or the weight in stale bread).
     2 eggs.
     1 pint of milk.
     1 teaspoonful of salt.
     ½ pound of dried fruit.

If apples are used, plump them out by pouring boiling water on them,
and let them cool before using them. Season with mace and nutmeg, and
eat with sauce.--_Mrs. T._


     3 cupfuls of flour.
     2 cupfuls of fruit.
     1 cupful of molasses.
     1 cupful of milk.
     2 teaspoonfuls of cream tartar.
     1 teaspoonful of soda, put in the flour.
     1 cupful of suet.

Mix well, put in a buttered mould, and boil three hours and a
half--_Miss E. T._


     1 cupful of milk.
     1 cupful of molasses.
     ½ cupful of currants.
     ½ cupful of butter.
     1 teaspoonful of baking soda, dissolved in the milk.
     1 teaspoonful of ginger.
     1 teaspoonful of ground cloves.

Enough flour to make it as stiff as soft gingerbread. Put it in a
mould, and steam four hours. If no steamer is at hand, tie the mould
in a cloth and boil four hours.

Sauce: One egg (frothed), one cupful of powdered sugar, one cupful of
cream or milk, boiled with a small piece of butter. Add wine, if you
like.--_Mrs. W. C. R._


Prepare pastry as for cherry roll. Spread it out, and cover it with
layers of boiled sweet potatoes, thoroughly mashed. Pour over it
melted butter and sugar, highly flavored with lemon. Roll it up, boil
in a bag, and serve with butter and sugar sauce.--_Mrs. Dr. J. F. G._


Twelve ounces flour and eight ounces butter rolled in a square sheet
of paste. Spread over the whole sweetmeats (or stewed fruit, if more
convenient). Roll closely and boil in a cloth. Pour sauce over
it.--_Mrs. T._


Pour one quart milk over a loaf of grated stale bread. Let it stand
till near dinner time. Then beat six eggs very light and add them to
the bread and milk, together with a little flour, to make the whole
stick. Flour the bag and boil. Eat with sauce.--_Mrs. J. A. B._

_Boiled Bread Pudding._ (_Economical._)

Soak one pound stale bread in enough milk to make a pudding. When
soft, beat it up with two eggs and three tablespoonfuls flour. Pour in
a large lump of butter, melted. Put in any sort of fruit you like, and
then boil.--_Miss E. T._


One quart milk, four eggs, lard size of turkey's egg. Flour enough to
make a batter for a teacup of fruit.

Boil and eat with sauce.--_Mrs. R._


One quart flour, three good-sized Irish potatoes (boiled and mashed).
One tablespoonful butter, and the same of lard. One teaspoonful soda,
and two teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.--_Mrs. E. W._


Three pints of flour, one and one-half pint of milk, one large
tablespoonful of butter, one egg. As many apples (chopped fine) as the
batter will take. Boil two hours in a well-floured cloth.

The water should be boiling when the dumplings are dropped in, and it
should be kept boiling all the while, else they will be heavy. Eat
with sauce.--_Mrs. G. N._


     1 cupful molasses.
     1 cupful sweet milk.
     4 cupfuls sifted flour.
     1 cupful stoned raisins.
     ½ cupful butter.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     1 teaspoonful salt.

Boil or steam in a pudding mould. Eat with wine sauce.--_Mrs. McG._


     1 quart flour.
     2 teacups suet, chopped fine.
     1 teaspoonful salt.

Mix the suet with two-thirds of the flour, reserving the rest of the
flour to roll the dough in. Put in a cloth and boil one hour.--_Mrs.

_Suet Pudding._

     1 pint milk.
     3 eggs, well beaten.
     ½ pound finely chopped suet.
     1 teaspoonful powdered ginger.
     1 teaspoonful salt.

Add flour gradually, till you have made it into a thick batter. Boil
two or three hours, and serve with hot sauce.--_Mrs. P. W._


Rub into one quart flour, one-half pound beef suet, free of skin, and
chopped very fine. Add a little salt, one teaspoonful of soda
dissolved in buttermilk, one pound fruit, either apples, dried
cherries, or dried peaches cut very fine, and sufficient water to make
it into dough. Make it into dumplings half an inch thick, boil two or
three hours, and eat with a sauce made of butter, sugar, and
wine.--_Mrs. G. S._


     ½ pound finely grated bread crumbs.
     ½ pound finely chopped apples.
     4 eggs.
     6 ounces sugar.
     2 ounces citron, and lemon peel.
     ½ pound finely chopped suet.
     ½ pound currants.
     A little nutmeg.

Butter the mould well, and boil three hours.--_Mrs. H. T. S._


     4 eggs.
     1 pint milk.
     4 tablespoonfuls flour.
     1 tablespoonful butter.

Apples or peaches cut in thin slices, and dropped in the batter. Serve
with sauce.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Make up one quart of flour as for soda biscuit. Roll like pastry,
putting on bits of lard or butter several times. Make out the dough
like biscuit, roll thin and on each piece put two or three pieces of
canned peaches. (Peach preserves or marmalade would answer also.) Add
a teaspoonful of butter, and (if you use canned peaches) a
tablespoonful of sugar to each dumpling. Draw the edges firmly
together and place them in a deep, large baking-dish. Put sugar and
butter between, and pour, over all, the syrup from the can. (Use a
three-pound can for this quantity of flour.) Bake quickly and serve
with or without sauce. A good substitute for the old-fashioned "pot
peach pie." Baked apple dumplings may be made in the same way.--_Mrs.
S. T._


     1 pound currants.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     1 teaspoonful salt.

Nutmeg to suit the taste. Citron will improve the flavor. Eat with
wine sauce.--_Mrs. Dr. E._


One pint flour, six eggs, yolks and whites beaten separately. Mix the
eggs with a pint of milk and one cupful of butter. Into this stir the
flour. Make the berries very sweet. Mash them and stir them into the
batter. Bake in a dish and serve with sauce.--_Mrs. C. C._


     10 eggs.
     1 cupful melted butter.
     1 quart milk, make in a thick batter.
     1 pound dried cherries (stoned).--_Mrs. Dr. E._


     1 pound apples stewed very dry.
     1 pound sugar.
     ½ pound butter.
     Yolks of 7 eggs.
     Rind and juice two lemons.

Bake in a paste.--_Mrs. Dr. E._

_Delicious Apple Pudding._

Three eggs, one cupful sugar, one cupful melted butter, one cupful
sweet milk, one and one-third cupful of apples, one teaspoonful
essence of lemon; baked in pastry. This quantity will make two
plates.--_Mrs. M. M. D._

_Apple Pudding._

Boil and strain twelve apples as for sauce. Stir in one-quarter pound
butter, and the same of sugar. When cold, add four eggs, well beaten.
Pour into a baking-dish thickly strewn with crumbs, and strew crumbs
on the top. When done, grate white sugar on top.--_Mrs. M._

_Apple Pudding._

     1 quart chopped apples.
     1 pint flour.
     1 pint new milk.
     3 eggs.

Bake quickly after mixing, and eat with sauce.--_Miss E. T._

_Dried Apple Pudding._

Wash ten ounces of apples well in warm water. Boil them in a quart of
water. When soft, add ten ounces of sugar, eight ounces of butter, the
juice and grated rind of two lemons. When cold and ready to bake, add
five beaten eggs. Bake with or without pastry. Ten ounces of apples
will make a common sized pudding.--_Mrs. R._


Make a paste, roll out thin. Spread over it apples cut in thin slices.
Sprinkle nice sugar, and put bits of butter all over this. Roll it up,
place it in a baking-pan. Pour in water and put sugar and butter
around it, grating over all a nutmeg. Any other kind of fruit can be
made into the same kind of roll.--_Mrs. S. T._

APPLE MÉRINGUE, _with custard_.

     1 quart apple-sauce.
     Juice of a lemon.
     Whites of 4 eggs.
     1 large cup of sugar.

Strain apple-sauce through a colander. Put it in the dish in which it
is to be served. Beat the whites to a stiff froth, adding a little
sugar. Cover the apples with the frosting. Set in the oven to brown,
and eat with whipped cream or soft custard.--_Mrs. G. W. P._

_Apple Méringue._

Stew the apples until well done and smooth. Sweeten to the taste; add
the rind of a grated lemon. Beat the whites of five eggs to a stiff
froth; add to them a teacup powdered sugar, a little rose water, juice
of a lemon, or any seasoning preferred. Put the fruit in a flat dish,
and put the egg on with a spoon. Brown a few minutes. Add a little
butter to the apples while hot.--_Mrs. C. McG._


Stew six sour apples in half a cup of water. Rub through a sieve and
sweeten. Make a custard of three pints milk, six eggs, four
tablespoonfuls sugar. Put the apples in a pudding-dish, pour the
custard over them, and bake slowly half an hour.--_Mrs. M. B. B._


Equal quantities stewed apples and bread crumbs, one spoonful butter,
three eggs beaten up and stirred in at the last, just before baking.
Spoonful wine, cinnamon, nutmeg, lemon peel, and plenty of brown
sugar. Stir together, and bake quite a long time.--_Mrs. I. H._


     1½ pint stewed apples.
     ½ pound sugar.

Set them away till cold.

Beat six eggs very light, and stir in gradually a quart sweet milk.
Mix all together, pour in a deep dish, and bake twenty minutes.--_Mrs.


     Yolks of 8 eggs.
     ¾ pound sugar.
     ¼ pound butter (melted).

Two tablespoonfuls of cracker soaked in a teacup of new milk, and made
into a paste with a spoon. A glass of wine, a little nutmeg, all well
beaten together and poured over sliced citron, laid on a rich paste.
After baking it, pour over it the whites beaten to a stiff froth,
sweetened with four tablespoonfuls of powdered sugar, and flavored to
the taste. Put it in the stove again, and bake a light brown.--_Mrs.
S. T._

_Citron Pudding._

     Yolks of 12 eggs.
     ½ pound butter.
     1 pound sugar.

Stir in the butter while warming the eggs. Cut the citron in pieces
and drop in the mixture. Have a rich paste, and bake in a quick
oven.--_Mrs. H._


Peel and cut five good oranges into thin slices, taking out the seed.
Pour over them a coffee-cup of white sugar. Let a pint of milk get
boiling hot by setting it in some boiling water. Add yolks of three
eggs well beaten, one tablespoonful corn starch, made smooth with a
little milk. Stir all the time, and as soon as thickened pour over the
fruit. Beat the whites to a stiff froth, adding a tablespoonful of
sugar, spread over the top. Set it in the oven a few minutes to
harden. Serve either hot or cold.--_Mrs. E. P. G._

_Orange Pudding._

     Yolks of 16 eggs.
     1 pound powdered sugar.
     1 pound butter, creamed.

The rinds of two oranges, grated, and the juice of one lemon.--_Mrs.
Dr. T. W._

_Orange Pudding._

Take skin of a large orange, boil it soft, pound it, and add the juice
of one orange, with the juice of a lemon, ten eggs, one pound butter,
one pound sugar; beat to a cream; add glass of wine, brandy, and rose
water.--_Mrs. J. T. G._

_Orange Pudding._

Pare two oranges, beat very fine, and add half a pound of sugar, and
half a pound of butter, washed. Beat the yolks of sixteen eggs, and
add to them the other ingredients, well mixed and beaten together.
Bake in a puff-paste. For eight or ten persons.--_Mrs. F._

_Orange Pudding._

Put two oranges and two lemons into five quarts of water. Boil them
till the rinds are tender, then take them out, slice them thin, and
take out the seed. Put a pound of sugar into a pint of water. When it
boils, slice into it twelve pippins, sliced and cored. Lay in the
lemons and oranges; stew them tender. Cover the dish with puff-paste.
Put in the fruit carefully, in alternate layers. Pour over the syrup,
put some slips of paste across it, and bake it.--_Mrs. E._


     ½ pound sugar.
     ¼ pound butter, well creamed.
     Yolks of 8 eggs.

Pour this mixture into a rich crust of pastry, after adding the grated
rind of two lemons. Then partially bake it. Beat the whites very
stiff, and add a spoonful of sugar for each egg. Then add the juice of
two lemons, pour this méringue over the pudding and brown it
quickly.--_Mrs. I. D._

_Lemon Pudding._

     ½ pound butter.
     ¾ pound sugar.
     6 eggs.
     ½ pint milk.
     3 lemons, juice and rind.--_Miss E. W._

_Lemon Pudding._

     6 eggs.
     ¾ pound sugar.
     ¼ pound butter.
     Juice of two lemons.

Pour on the butter boiling hot.--_Mrs. E. B._

_Lemon Pudding._

     6 eggs.
     7 tablespoonfuls sugar.
     1 tablespoonful flour.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 pint of buttermilk.

Season with extract of lemon, beat well and bake in a crust.--_Mrs. A.


     One pint of bread crumbs soaked in a quart of new milk.
     1 cup of sugar.
     Yolks of 4 eggs.
     Grated rind of 1 lemon.

Beat these ingredients light and bake as custard. Then spread on fruit
jelly or stewed apples (fresh). Froth the whites with four
tablespoonfuls of sugar and juice of the lemon. Spread over the top
and brown.--_Mrs. Col. S._

_Lemon Méringue._

     The rind of two small lemons and the juice of one.
     2 cupfuls sugar.
     ½ cup butter.
     ½ cup cream (or sweet milk).
     6 eggs, beaten separately.

Leave out the whites of two eggs, which must be mixed with sugar and
put on top of the pudding just before it is done. Bake in a rich
paste.--_Mrs. H._


Blanch a pound of almonds, pound them with rose water to prevent their
oiling; mix with them four crackers, pounded, six eggs, a pint of milk
or cream, a pound of sugar, half a pound of butter, four
tablespoonfuls of wine. Bake on a crust.--_Mrs. Dr. T. W._


     Two grated cocoanuts.
     1 pound sugar.
     ¼ pound butter.
     8 eggs, leaving out 4 whites.

Beat the eggs separately and to the yolks add the butter, sugar,
cocoanut, and whites. Add a little wine or brandy, if you like. Bake
in tins lined with pastry.--_Mrs. D. R._

_Cocoanut Pudding._

One-half pound butter, one-half pound sugar, a whole cocoanut grated,
five eggs beaten to a froth, leaving out two whites. Bake in plates
with pastry underneath. The oven must not be too hot.--_Mrs. I. H._

_Cocoanut Pudding._

Stir together,

     ½ pound butter.
     ½ pound sugar.
     A glass of wine.
     6 eggs (beaten light).

When all these ingredients have been stirred together till light, add
a pound of grated cocoanut, mixed with a little stale cake.--_Mrs. E.

_Cocoanut Pudding._

     1 pound sugar.
     ¼ pound butter,
     ¾ pound grated cocoanut.
     ½ pint cream.
     7 whole eggs, or 9 whites and 2 yolks.
     1 lemon.
     Half a nutmeg.

Stir butter and sugar as for cake. Beat eggs well. Bake some
time.--_Mrs. E. G._

_Cocoanut Pudding._

One grated cocoanut, one pound of sugar, one quarter of a pound of
melted butter, and six eggs.--_Mrs. M. S. C._


Scrape fine three ounces of chocolate. Add to it a teaspoonful of
powdered nutmeg and one of cinnamon. Put it in a saucepan, and pour
over it a quart of rich milk, stirring it well. Cover it and let it
come to a boil. Then remove the lid, stir up the chocolate from the
bottom and press out the lumps. When dissolved and smooth, put it on
the fire again. Next stir in, gradually and while it is boiling hot,
half a pound white sugar. Set it away to cool. Beat six or eight eggs
very light. Pour into the pan of chocolate when quite cold. Stir the
whole very hard. Put it in an oven and bake well. It will bake best by
being put in a pan of boiling water. Eat cold.--_Mrs. J. B. F., Jr._

_Chocolate Pudding._

     1 quart milk.
     3 eggs.
     Sugar to taste.
     2 tablespoonfuls corn-starch, dissolved in milk.
     4 tablespoonfuls chocolate.

Set the milk on the fire, and just before it boils put in the eggs,
sugar, and corn-starch. Let it boil about a minute, then take it off
the fire and add the chocolate.


One quart milk and yolks of four eggs, made into custard. Three
tablespoonfuls powdered chocolate, put into a cup of warm water. One
tablespoonful of corn-starch. Sweeten to your taste and let all boil
together. Then put it in a baking-dish, and when done, cover with a
méringue of the whites of eggs and white sugar. Put in the oven again
to brown, a few minutes.--_Mrs. B._


Cream together one cupful of butter, and one of sugar. Add five eggs
(yolks and whites beaten separately) and one cupful of preserved
damsons, removing the seed. Beat all together very light and season
with a teaspoonful vanilla. Bake on pastry.--_Mrs. A. D._


Take slices of sponge cake and spread with preserves or jelly. Place
them in a deep dish. Make a custard with one quart of milk and yolks
of four eggs. Sweeten and season to the taste and pour over the cake.
Beat the whites stiff, adding five or six spoonfuls of sugar and
seasoning with lemon. Spread this over the top of the pudding and bake
a very light brown.--_Mrs. M. D._

_Queen of Puddings._

     1 pint bread crumbs.
     1 quart milk.
     1½ cupful of sugar.
     Yolks of 4 eggs, well beaten.
     1 teacup of butter, well creamed.
     Grated rind of one lemon.

Bake until done, but not watery. Whip the whites of the four eggs
(above mentioned) very stiff and beat into a teacup of sugar, into
which has been strained the juice of the lemon aforesaid. Spread over
the top of the pudding, after it has slightly cooked, a layer of jelly
or sweetmeats. Then pour over it the dressing of eggs, sugar, and
lemon, and set it in the oven to brown.--_Mrs. B. J. B._

_Queen of Puddings._

     1½ cupful white sugar.
     2 cupfuls fine dry bread crumbs.
     Yolks of 5 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of butter, flavored to taste.
     1 quart fresh, rich milk.
     ½ cup jelly or jam.

Rub the butter into a cupful of the sugar, and cream these together,
with the yolks beaten very light. The bread crumbs soaked in the milk
come next, then the seasoning. Bake this in a large butter dish, but
two-thirds full, till the custard is "set." Spread over the top of
this a layer of jam or jelly and cover this with a méringue made of
the whipped whites and the half cupful of sugar. Bake till the
méringue begins to color.--_Mrs. D. C. K._

_Queen of Puddings._

Saturate the crumbs of a loaf of bread with a quart of rich milk. Add
to this the yolks of six eggs, two tablespoonfuls of butter,
three-quarters pound of sugar. Beat well together, season to taste,
and when well stirred, put it on to bake. When nearly done, spread
over it a layer of fruit jam or jelly and whites of the eggs well
beaten. Sift sugar on top and bake.--_Mrs. J. V. G._

_Méringue Pudding or Queen of Puddings._

Fill a baking dish within one and a half inch of the top with slices
of sponge cake, buttered slightly on both sides, scattering between
the slices, seeded raisins (about half a pound). Over this pour a
custard made of a quart of milk, the yolks of eight eggs, sweetened to
the taste.

As soon as it has baked a light brown, make an icing of the eight
whites and put it on top. Set again in the oven to brown a little. Eat
with sauce of butter and sugar.--_Mrs. R. P._


     4 tablespoonfuls of tapioca.
     1 quart of milk.
     The yolks of 4 eggs.
     Whites of 2 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful of sugar.

Soak the tapioca over night or several hours in a little water, boil
the milk and turn over the tapioca and when it is blood-warm, add the
sugar and the eggs well beaten, flavor the pudding with lemon or rose
water. Bake it about an hour. After it has cooled a little add the two
remaining whites of the eggs and one-half pound of white sugar beaten
together for frosting. This serves as sauce for the pudding.--_Mrs. A.

_Tapioca Pudding._

Wash a teacup of tapioca in warm water and let it stand half an hour.
Then stir in a custard made of a quart of milk, four eggs, a small
piece of butter, and sugar to taste. Bake about an hour and a quarter.
Stir two separate times from the bottom, whilst baking.--_Mrs. Dr. S._

_Tapioca Pudding with Apples._

Soak a cupful of tapioca in three cupfuls of water, four or five
hours, where it will be warm, but not cook. Peel and core six apples
and stew till tender. Put them in a pudding-dish, filling the holes
(from which the cores were extracted) with sugar and nutmeg or grated
lemon peel. Then pour over them the soaked tapioca, slightly sweetened
and bake three-quarters of an hour. To be eaten cold with sugar and
cream.--_Mrs. E. W._


Let a box of gelatine stand one hour in a pint of cold water. Then add
two pints of boiling water, four cupfuls of crushed sugar, the juice
of four lemons and the rind of the same, pared thin. (The latter must,
however, be taken out when the pudding begins to congeal.)

Beat the whites of six eggs to a stiff froth, adding two
tablespoonfuls of sugar. Then beat all together till it becomes a
stiff froth.

Make the six yolks into a custard flavored with vanilla or nutmeg and
pour over the pudding after it has been turned out of the
mould.--_Mrs. B. J. B._

_Snow Pudding._

Dissolve one-half box gelatine in one pint hot water. Let it stand
long enough to cool a little but not to congeal. Then add the whites
of three eggs, juice of two lemons and sugar to taste. Beat all to a
stiff froth and pour into moulds. Serve with a custard made of the
yolks of the eggs and a pint of milk seasoned with vanilla.--_Mrs. Dr.
P. C._

_Snow Pudding._

Soak a half box of gelatine in a half pint of cold water, all night.
In the morning, add the grated rind of two lemons and the juice of
one, three cupfuls of white sugar and a half pint of boiling water.
Strain into a deep vessel and add the unbeaten whites of three eggs.
Beat constantly for three-quarters of an hour, then set it in a cool
place. With the yolks of the eggs, make a pint of custard flavored
with vanilla or rose-water, to put around the pudding, when
congealed.--_Mrs. A. B._


Take a moderate sized baking-dish, around which lay small sponge
cakes, split and buttered on both sides. Spread them with marmalade or
preserves on the inside. Put in the centre of the dish pieces of cake
buttered and spread with preserves on both sides. Leave room for a
custard, to be made, seasoned and poured over the pudding before
baking. Eat hot with hot sauce.--_Mrs. V. R. I._


     1 cupful preserves.
     1 cupful sugar.
     Nearly a cupful butter.
     5 eggs.

Bake in pastry.--_Mrs. E. B._


     3 eggs.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 cupful flour.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful soda, dissolved in milk.

Bake in pie-pans, spread with acid jelly, roll up in a compact
form.--_Mrs. R._


     Yolks of 10 eggs.
     Whites of 2.
     1 pound of sugar.

Half a pound of butter, beaten with the sugar, and poured over pastry,
on which is placed a layer of sweetmeats and a layer of some other
preserves. Any two kinds of preserves may be used.--_Mrs. ----._

_Sweetmeat Pudding._

     ½ pound of sugar.
     ½ pound of butter.
     Juice and rind of one lemon.
     8 eggs.

Mix the eggs, well beaten, with the sugar. Melt the butter and pour
into the mixture. Line a dish with rich pastry, on which lay
sweetmeats, damson, or peach preserves, or any other kind that may be
convenient. On this, place one layer of the mixture above mentioned,
then another of sweetmeats. Put a layer of the mixture on top, and


Yolks of eight fresh eggs, three-quarters of a pound of good brown
sugar, and the same of butter, well creamed together.

Beat the eggs light, mix all the ingredients well; season with nutmeg
or extract of lemon; add a tablespoonful of good brandy or rum. Bake
in a pastry, in small tins or plates.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


     8 eggs, beaten very light.
     ½ pound of sugar.
     ½ pound of butter.
     Nutmeg, mace, or any spice for flavoring.

Put it on the fire in a tin pan, stirring constantly till it begins
to thicken. When cool, pour it over a rich paste, and bake over a
moderate fire. Add citron, if you like.--_Mrs. Dr. E._

_Transparent Pudding._

     ¼ pound of sugar.
     ¼ pound of butter.
     Dessertspoonful of rose water.
     Stir well till light.

Beat four eggs very light, and add to the other ingredients. Butter
the baking-dish, line with stale cake, sliced thin, which you may
cover with sweetmeats of any kind. Pour the mixture on, and bake for
nearly an hour.--_Mrs. I. H._

_Transparent Pudding._

     Yolks of 10 eggs; whites of 2.
     1 pound of sugar,
     ½ pound of butter.
     Season with nutmeg.

Make pastry, on which put a layer of citron or any other fruit. Pour
the mixture over it and bake. Beat the remaining whites to a froth.
Add a teacup of powdered sugar, flavor to taste, and pour over the top
of the pudding after baking. Then put it again in the stove, a few
minutes, to brown.--_Mrs. E._


Boil a quart of milk and make it into a thick batter with arrow-root.
Add the yolks of six eggs, half a pound of sugar, one-quarter of a
pound of butter, half a nutmeg, and a little grated lemon peel. Bake
it nicely in a pastry. When done, stick slips of citron all over the
top, and pour over it the whites of the six eggs, beaten stiff,
sweetened with three or four tablespoonfuls of sugar, and flavored to
the taste.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil one cupful of sago in a quart of water. Pare apples, put them in
a dish and stew a little. Pour the sago over them, and bake thirty
minutes. Sweeten and flavor to the taste.--_Mrs. A. B._

_Sago Pudding._

Boil one pint and a half of new milk with four spoonfuls of sago,
nicely washed and picked. Sweeten to the taste; flavor with lemon
peel, cinnamon, and mace. Mix all, and bake slowly in a paste.--_Mrs.
V. P. M._


Slice some stale bread, omitting the crust. Butter it moderately
thick. Butter a deep dish, and cover the bottom with slices of bread,
over which put a layer of any kind of preserved fruit. (Acid fruits
are best.) Cover all with a light layer of brown sugar. Make a rich
custard, allowing four eggs to a pint of milk. Pour it over the
pudding, and bake an hour. Grate nutmeg over it, when done.--_Mrs.
Col. S._


Cut thin slices of bread. Butter them, and lay them in a baking-dish.
Mix a cold custard of three pints of milk, the yolks of eight or ten
eggs, beaten light; sweeten to your taste; pour over the bread; bake,
and let it stand to cool. Froth and sweeten the whites, pour them over
the top of the pudding, and then put it in the stove a few minutes
more to brown on top.--_Mrs. R._


Butter a baking-dish, cut slices of light bread very thin, buttering
them before cutting. Put them in the dish, strewing over each separate
layer, currants, citron, raisins, and sugar. When the dish is full,
pour over it an unboiled custard of milk and eggs, sweetened to the
taste. Saturate the bread completely with this, then pour on a glass
of brandy and bake a light brown. This pudding is very nice made of
stale pound or sponge cake instead of light bread.--_Mrs. M. C. C._

MRS. SPENCE'S PUDDING. (_Original._)

One pint grated bread crumbs put into one quart fresh sweet milk. Beat
the yolks of five eggs very light. Add one teacup of sugar to them.
Stir in the milk and crumbs and add three-quarters of a pound clipped
raisins and one-quarter of a pound sliced citron. Season with mace.
Bake nicely.

Whip the whites of the five eggs to a stiff froth. Add one teacup
pulverized sugar and season with extract of vanilla. Put this over the
pudding and set in the stove again to brown it slightly. Serve hot
with a rich sauce made of sugar and butter seasoned with nutmeg and
Madeira wine.


     1 teacup grated bread.
     1 teacup raisins.
     1 teacup chopped apples.
     1 teacup chopped suet.
     3 eggs.
     1 gill of cream.
     Wine glass of brandy.
     Spice and sugar to taste.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


Grate one pint stale bread. Pour over it one quart fresh milk, yolks
of four eggs, rind of one lemon and part of juice, one teacup of
sugar, piece of butter size of an egg. Mix all well, put in a
pudding-dish and bake until it looks like custard. Then set it to
cool, after which spread the top with jelly or preserves. Beat the
whites of the four eggs to a stiff froth, adding the remaining juice
of the lemon and three tablespoonfuls of sugar. Spread this on top the
preserves, then put the pudding again in the oven and bake a light
brown.--_Mrs. C._


     1 pint grated bread crumbs.
     1 pound raisins.
     ¾ pound suet chopped fine.
     ½ pound sugar.
     ½ pint chopped apples.
     Yolks of three eggs, well beaten.

Pour over the top the whites of the three eggs, frothed and sweetened.
Bake an hour.--_Mrs. ----._


Put into a buttered baking-dish, alternate layers of grated bread, and
finely chopped apples seasoned with brown sugar, bits of butter and
allspice. Pour over it a pint of wine and water mixed. Let the top
layer be bread crumbs, and bake one hour.--_Miss N._


Grate a large loaf of bread and pour on the crumbs a pint of rich
milk, boiling hot. When cold, add four eggs, a pound of beef marrow,
sliced thin, a gill of brandy with sugar and nutmeg to your taste. Mix
all well together and bake it. When done stick slices of citron on the
top. You may make a boiled pudding of this, if you prefer.--_Mrs. E._


Crumb up four rolls. Pour over them a quart of fresh milk at the
breakfast table. A half hour before dinner, beat up separately the
yolks and whites of six eggs. After beating, put them together and
stir them up. Take a piece of butter the size of a walnut, cut it in
bits and throw it on top.

_Sauce._ Throw in a bowl, a tablespoonful of flour and a large piece
of butter. Cream it round and round. Add two teacups of sugar, one
wine-glass of light wine, and nutmeg, and boil up.--_Miss R. S._


Put into a deep dish six or eight large soda crackers. Add a large
lump of butter and a teacup of sugar. Grate the rind of two lemons
and squeeze the juice over the crackers. Then pour boiling water all
over them, and allow them to stand till they have absorbed it and
become soft. Beat the yolks and whites of three eggs separately. Stir
them gently into the crackers. Butter a deep dish and pour in the
mixture, baking it a nice brown. If not sweet enough, add sugar to the
eggs before mixing them.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Boil half a pound of rice in milk, till quite tender. Then mash the
grains well with a wooden spoon. Add three-quarters of a pound of
sugar, and the same of melted butter, half a nutmeg, six eggs, a gill
of wine, and some grated lemon peel. Bake it in a paste. For a change,
it may be boiled, and eaten with butter, sugar, and wine.--_Mrs. E._

_Rice Pudding._

Sweeten three pints of sweet milk, and flavor with lemon or vanilla.
Put in this a small cupful of raw rice, thoroughly washed. Bake, and
serve cold.--_Mrs. H. S._

_Rice Pudding._

     3 cupfuls boiled rice.
     6 eggs.
     1½ cupful sugar.
     1½ pint milk.
     1 wine-glassful wine and brandy.
     1 tablespoonful melted butter.
     Flavor with nutmeg.--_Mrs. Col. S._

_Rice Pudding._

Boil a cup of rice till nearly done, then add a pint of milk.

When perfectly done, mash, and, while hot, add half a pound of butter,
one pound of sugar, six fresh eggs, beaten till light. (Beat the
sugar with the eggs.) Season with wine or brandy, and one grated
nutmeg. Lemon is another good seasoning for it. Put in rich puff
paste, and bake till a light brown.--_Mrs. Dr. R. W. W._

_Rice Pudding._

Boil one cup of rice in one quart of milk. Add six eggs and a small
tablespoonful of butter. Sweeten and flavor to the taste, and
bake.--_Mrs. B._


     1 pound mashed Irish potatoes.
     1 pound sugar.
     2 cupfuls butter, well creamed.
     5 eggs.
     1 teacup cream.
     1 wine-glassful brandy.

Stir the ingredients thoroughly together. Bake in pastry without
tops.--_Mrs. Dr. J. F. G._


     1 quart grated sweet potatoes.
     10 eggs, well beaten.
     3 cupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful flour.
     1 cupful butter.
     1 quart milk.

Bake slowly in a pan. Serve with sauce.--_Mrs. G. A. B._

_Sweet Potato Pudding._

Grate three or four large sweet potatoes and put them immediately in
three pints of sweet milk to prevent them from turning dark. Beat six
eggs light, add four ounces melted butter, and mix well with potatoes
and milk. Add eight tablespoonfuls of sugar, and season with lemon or
vanilla. Bake without a crust.--_Mrs. W. C. R._

_Sweet Potato Pudding._

Boil one and a half pounds potatoes very tender. Add half a pound
butter, and rub both together through a sieve. Then add a small cupful
milk, six eggs, one and a half cupful sugar. Beat all together and add
a little salt, the juice and rind of a lemon. Then beat again, and
prepare pastry. Bake twenty minutes. It may be baked without pastry.
Irish potato pudding may be made by the same recipe.--_Mrs. A. C._


Beat six eggs to a froth and stir into them three tablespoonfuls sugar
and the grated rind of a lemon. Mix one pint milk, one pound flour,
and two teaspoonfuls salt. Add eggs and sugar. Just before baking, add
a pint of thick cream. Bake in cups or pudding dishes.--_Mrs. Col. W._


     4 eggs.
     3 cupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful butter, washed and melted.
     1 cupful cream, seasoned with lemon.

Bake in a paste.--_Mrs. C. N._


     1 cupful molasses.
     ½ cupful butter and lard mixed.
     1 cup not quite full of buttermilk.
     3 eggs.
     1 teaspoonful soda.

Flour enough to make it as thick as cake batter. If you wish to eat it
cold, add another cup of sugar. Bake it quickly.--_Mrs. M. S. C._

_Molasses Pudding._

     1 teacup sugar.
     1 teacup butter.
     2 teacups molasses.
     2 teacups flour.
     4 eggs.
     1 tablespoonful ginger.

1 teaspoonful soda dissolved in a few spoonfuls of buttermilk. Eat
with sauce. Excellent.

_Molasses Pudding._

     9 eggs.
     4 cupfuls molasses.
     1 teacup butter.

Bake in a paste.--_Mrs. P. W._


Beat to a cream one large cupful of sugar and two and a half
tablespoonfuls of lard and butter mixed. Stir in one well beaten egg,
one large cup of buttermilk with soda dissolved in it. Add nutmeg to
the taste. Take one pint of flour and rub into it, dry, two
tablespoonfuls cream of tartar. Then add the other ingredients. Bake
three-quarters of an hour and serve with wine sauce.--_Mrs. A. F._


     3 eggs (yolks and whites beaten separately).
     3 cupfuls sugar.
     1 cupful butter.
     1 cupful sweet milk.

Two tablespoonfuls of flour. Bake in a crust. This will fill three
pie-plates.--_Mrs. McN._


Boil one quart of rich milk and then thicken it with a tablespoonful
of flour or arrow-root. Beat up the yolks of four eggs with three
tablespoonfuls of white sugar. Then pour the milk slowly into the eggs
and sugar, stirring all the time. Pour this custard into a pudding
dish and brown it slightly. Beat up the whites to a stiff froth,
adding four tablespoonfuls of sugar, and flavoring with lemon. Drop it
on the custard (when browned) in the form of balls, as large as an
egg. Set it back in the stove to brown a little.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil one pint of milk and one-half pint of water. Thicken with one
pint of flour, and stir in three ounces butter, while warm. When cold,
add nine eggs (well beaten), one pound sugar, one wine-glassful wine,
and powdered cinnamon and mace to your taste.--_Mrs. R._


Seven eggs beaten separately. Add to the yolks gradually ten
tablespoonfuls of sifted flour, alternately with a quart of milk and
half a teaspoonful of salt. Beat till perfectly smooth. Then add the
whites, pour into a buttered dish, and bake twenty minutes. Eat with
nun's butter or wine sauce.--_Mrs. P. McG._


     2 cupfuls flour.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 cupful sweet milk.
     1 egg.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 teaspoonful cream of tartar.
     ½ teaspoonful soda.

Season with nutmeg and eat with sauce.--_Mrs. D. C. K._


     6 eggs (well beaten).
     ½ pound butter.
     ½ pound sugar.
     ½ pound marmalade.

Beat well together, season with nutmeg, and bake in a paste.--_Mrs.
Dr. S._


     1 egg.
     1 cupful sugar.
     1 cupful milk.
     2 cupfuls flour.
     1 tablespoonful butter.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar.

Eat with sauce.--_Mrs. A. C._


Beat the yolks of six eggs very light. Stir in alternately three
tablespoonfuls of flour and a pint of milk. Put a tablespoonful of
melted butter and half a teaspoonful of salt in the batter. Then stir
in the whites of the six eggs, beaten to a stiff froth. Butter the
baking dish or cups, fill them a little more than half full, and bake
quickly. Eat with wine sauce. Make this pudding half an hour before
dinner, as it must be eaten as soon as done.--_Mrs. S. T._


     6 eggs.
     7 tablespoonfuls of flour.
     1 quart of milk.
     1 teacup of sugar.
     1 tablespoonful of butter.
     1 tablespoonful of lard.

Cream the butter and lard with the flour. Beat the eggs and sugar
together. Mix the milk in gradually, bake quickly, and eat with
sauce.--_Mrs. Dr. E._


Scald one quart of milk. Pour it on three tablespoonfuls of sifted
flour. Add the yolks of five eggs, the whites of two, and the grated
rind of one lemon. Bake twenty minutes.

_Sauce._--The whites of three eggs, beaten to a stiff froth, a full
cup of sugar, then a wine-glass of wine and the juice of a lemon. Pour
over the pudding just as you send it to the table.--_Miss E. S._


Make a batter of two teacupfuls of flour and four of milk. Beat the
yolks and whites of four eggs separately. Then mix all together and
add one tablespoonful of melted butter. Bake in a buttered pan and
serve with wine sauce.--_Mrs. McG._


     4 eggs.
     1 quart of milk.
     1 cup of sugar.
     2 tablespoonfuls of flour.

Beat the sugar, flour, and yolks of the eggs together, with one cup of
the milk, scald the remainder of the milk and put the above in it.
Flavor with lemon or vanilla. Beat the whites of the eggs to a stiff
froth, add a little sugar, spread on top of the pudding, and brown
slightly.--_Mrs. D. C. K._


Take nearly one pint sifted meal and make into a mush. Pour over it
one quart of boiled sweet milk. Add one gill of molasses, one gill of
sugar, six eggs beaten separately, half a pint chopped suet. If you
like, add a few currants, raisins, or a little citron. Bake nearly two
hours. Eat with sauce.--_Mrs. J. A. B._


     1 quart flour.
     7 eggs.
     ½ cupful melted butter.
     1 teaspoonful salt.
     1 teaspoonful soda, dissolved in lukewarm water.
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar, also dissolved.

Enough sweet milk to make a batter the consistency of sponge cake
batter. Bake in a mould and eat with brandy sauce.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


     10 eggs (beaten separately).
     10 tablespoonfuls sifted flour.
     1 quart milk.
     A little salt.

Beat the eggs to a stiff froth. Then put the flour with the yolks,
then add the milk and lastly the whites, well beaten. Eat with cold or
hot sauce.--_Mrs. D. C. K._


Beat five eggs very light. Mix with five tablespoonfuls of flour, one
large spoonful of butter and one pint of milk. Eat with sauce.--_Mrs.
A. T._


     1 cup chopped suet.
     1 cupful golden syrup.
     1 cupful milk.
     2 cupfuls chopped raisins.
     3 cupfuls flour.
     1 teaspoonful soda (put in the milk).
     2 teaspoonfuls cream of tartar put in the dry flour.

Boil three hours and a half.--_Miss E. T._


     6 eggs.
     1 pint sour cream.
     1 cupful melted butter.
     1½ cupful sugar.
     1 teaspoonful soda.
     ½ nutmeg.

Put the butter in after the flour. Make the consistency of pound cake
batter.--_Mrs. A. B._


     1 pint milk.
     3 eggs.
     4 tablespoonfuls flour.
     1 tablespoonful butter.

Put chopped apples or peaches in the batter and bake. Eat with
sauce.--_Mrs. A. H._



Dissolve one pound sugar in a little water. Boil till nearly candied.
Add a lump of butter the size of an egg, just before taking it off the
fire, and stir in wine and nutmeg to your taste, after taking it
off.--_Mrs. R._

_Wine Sauce._

Melt half a pound of butter, three cupfuls sugar and two of Madeira
wine together, for a large pudding. Put a little water in the stewpan
and let it boil. Roll the butter in a little flour, and stir it in the
boiling water quickly. Then add the sugar, and lastly the wine.--_Mrs.

_Wine Sauce._

One-half pound butter, yolks of two eggs, beaten well and creamed with
the butter; nine tablespoonfuls nice brown sugar; two glasses of wine.
Let it simmer on the fire a short time. Grate nutmeg on it when you
pour it into the sauce-bowl.--_Mrs. T._


Cream together one-quarter pound fresh butter, and one-quarter pound
pulverized white sugar. Mix with it one gill of lemon brandy, or half
the quantity of brandy; the juice of one lemon, and half a nutmeg
grated. Stir it slowly into half a cup of boiling water, and after
letting it simmer a moment, pour into a warm sauce tureen.--_Miss E.


Cream half a pound butter, and stir in half a pound sugar. Then add
the yolk of an egg, and a gill of wine. Put it on the fire; stir till
it simmers. Grate nutmeg over it, after taking it off the fire.--_Mrs.
F. D._


Half a pound of butter; eight tablespoonfuls brown sugar; one nutmeg
(grated), the white of one egg.

The butter must be creamed and the sugar beaten into it, then the egg.
The wine poured gently in and stirred till the sauce is cold, then
grate the nutmeg. Make it in a common sauce tureen, on the hearth,
stirring all the while. Do not let it boil.--_Mrs. M. E. J. B._


One pint cream; half pound sugar; one tablespoonful butter; one glass
of wine. Season to the taste. Do not let it boil.--_Miss E. P._


Two large cupfuls brown sugar; one large cupful butter; one teacup
wine; a little rose water. Boil the sugar and wine together. Then add
the butter and grated nutmeg.--_Mrs. McG._


One cupful cream, from morning's milk; two cupfuls sugar; one egg,
well beaten; one tablespoonful butter; one teaspoonful corn-starch.
Boil all together till a thick syrup. Take off the fire and add grated
nutmeg and a glass of wine.--_Mrs. S. T._


Whites of five eggs beaten to a stiff froth. Sweeten to the taste.
Pour in some hot melted butter, stirring well. Season with
lemon.--_Mrs. M. G. H._

_Cold Sauce._

Half a pound of butter and half a pound of sugar (powdered), beaten to
a froth. The juice and grated rind of a lemon, or essence of any kind,
as a flavor.--_Mrs. M. F. G._

_Cold Sauce_ (_for about eight people_).

One heaping tablespoonful of butter, creamed till very light, adding
sugar till as thick as you can stir. Then add two tablespoonfuls of
very rich milk, a glass of good wine, and a little grated
nutmeg.--_Mrs. P. McG._


One cupful of butter; two cupfuls sugar; three eggs; one wine-glass of
wine. Stir well, and let it come to a boil.--_Mrs. F. D._

_Pudding Sauce._

Cream together half a pound of sugar and butter. Add the yolk of one
egg, the juice of a lemon, and a glass of wine. Stir over a slow fire,
but don't boil.--_Mrs. McG._


One pound sugar; three ounces butter; half a teacup of water. Juice
and sliced rinds of two lemons. Pour this into a saucepan, and while
it is coming to a boil, beat the yolks of two eggs and add them. When
well boiled, take it from the fire and add the whites of the two eggs,
beaten to a froth. To be eaten hot with sponge cake.--_Mrs. K._


Stew for fifteen minutes one pint of water, half a pound of sugar, and
a piece of butter as large as an egg. Beat the yolks of three eggs.
Remove the pan from the fire, and pour several spoonfuls of its
contents into the beaten eggs, stirring briskly. Then pour all into
the pan, place it over a slow fire and stir till it thickens. Season
with lemon or vanilla.--_Mrs. I. H._


Moderately boil a pint of molasses from five to twenty minutes,
according to its consistency. Add three eggs well beaten. Stir them
and continue to boil a few minutes longer. Season with nutmeg and
lemon.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


Pastry has fallen somewhat into disfavor, on account of its
unwholesome properties, but as many persons still use it, we will give
some directions for making it as wholesome and palatable as possible.

It is a great mistake to use what is called "cooking butter" and old
lard for pastry. Only fresh butter and sweet lard should be employed
for the purpose, and in summer these should be placed on ice before
being used for pastry. Pastry, like cake, should be made in the cool
of the morning, and it should be eaten fresh, as, unlike cake, it will
not admit of being kept.

If a marble slab cannot be obtained, it is well to keep a thick wooden
board exclusively for rolling out pastry. Handle as little as
possible, and if anything should prevent you from putting it on to
bake as soon as it is rolled out, put it on ice in the interim, as
this will make it nicer and more flaky. Sometimes there is a delay
about getting the oven or fire ready, in which case the cook generally
leaves the pastry lying on the kitchen table; but its quality would be
much improved if it were put on the ice instead, whilst waiting to be


Four teacups flour, one teacup firm butter, one teacup nice lard, one
teacup ice water, one teaspoonful salt. Mix the lard and butter in the
flour with a large, flat knife, then add the ice water. Do not touch
it with the hands. Take it up in a rough-looking mass, roll it out
quickly--not too thin. Cut it with a very sharp knife around the edges
of the patty-pans. When intending to bake lemon puddings or
cheese-cakes, let the pastry bake four or five minutes before adding
butter, as this prevents the pastry from being heavy at the bottom. In
summer it is best to put five teacups of flour, instead of
four.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


One pound fresh butter, one quart flour. Make up the dough with ice
water. Divide the butter into parts. Roll out, and cover thickly with
one part of the butter. Continue till all is rolled, sifting flour
each time. Don't handle much, or it will be heavy.--_Mrs. W._


Mix with water one quart flour and two teaspoonfuls salt. Work well
and roll out thin. Spread over with lard, sift flour over the dough,
and cut it in strips of two inches. Lay them in a pile one above
another, cut them in squares, and again pile them up. Press down with
the hands, and roll out thin as before. Repeat this several times, and
the pastry will be improved each time. Do not use your hands after the
roller is applied.


One pound flour, to be made up with cold water and beaten fifteen
minutes. One pound butter (or half lard, if you have not enough
butter), which must be spread on the dough four times and rolled in.

It must be made thin, put in tins, and baked in a moderate oven.


Grate the rind and squeeze the juice of two lemons. Stir two
tablespoonfuls corn-starch into two teacups hot water, and boil,
stirring well. Add three-quarters of a pound of granulated sugar. When
cool, add the yolks of four eggs well beaten, then the lemon-juice and
grated rind, stirring the whole well together. Line the plates with
rich pastry, and pour the mixture in. Bake until the crust is done.
Beat the whites of the eggs very light, add six ounces powdered sugar,
pour over the pies, set them again in the oven, and slightly brown.
This will make two pies.--_Mrs. T. M. C._

_Lemon Pie._

One cupful sugar, one cupful sweet milk, one tablespoonful flour, one
tablespoonful butter, three eggs, one lemon. Mix the grated rind and
juice of the lemon with the yolks of the eggs and the sugar. Add the
milk next, and then the butter and flour. Bake in a paste. After it is
cold, spread on the whites of the eggs, frothed and sweetened.--_Mrs.

_Lemon Pie._

Yolks of four eggs, white of one, beaten very light; grated rind and
juice of one large lemon; five heaping tablespoonfuls sugar. Bake in
an undercrust till the pastry is done. Froth the whites of three eggs
with five tablespoonfuls sugar. Spread over the pies and bake again
till brown.--_Mrs. Col. S._

_Lemon Pie._

One tablespoonful butter, creamed with two cups of sugar, yolks of six
eggs, grated rind and juice of four lemons, four heaping
tablespoonfuls flour. Mix well. Add a cupful buttermilk, and one
teaspoonful soda. Froth and sweeten the whites of the eggs and put
them on top the pies.--_Mrs. N._


One cupful sugar, one of water; one raw potato, grated; juice and
grated rind of one lemon. Bake in pastry, top and bottom.


Pulp and juice of two oranges, a little of the grated peel, the yolks
of three eggs, one cupful sugar, one cupful milk. Stir the yolks with
the sugar, then a tablespoonful of butter, then the juice, lastly the
milk. Bake in a dish. After the pie has cooled, spread on it the
whites of the three eggs, stiffly frothed and sweetened. Then set it
again on the fire, to brown slightly.--_Mrs. McG._

_Orange Pie._

One quart milk, eight eggs, one small teacup rolled cracker, half a
cupful butter, two grated fresh oranges, or the juice and chopped peel
of two, one wine-glassful wine. Cream the butter and sugar, add the
wine, oranges, and eggs beaten to a foam, the whites separately, the
milk and the cracker. Bake half an hour, in puff paste.--_Mrs. M. B.

_Orange Pie._

One pint of milk, three oranges, one cupful of sugar, three eggs, one
and a half tablespoonful of corn-starch. Bake in puff paste.--_Mrs. H.
H. S._


Pare and stew ripe peaches. When nearly done, sweeten, take from the
fire. Stir in a heaping teaspoonful fresh butter to each pie. Pour in
a deep pie-plate, lined with paste. Bake; when done, remove from the
oven and cover with the whites of three eggs beaten to a stiff froth,
and sweetened with three tablespoonfuls powdered sugar. Set back in
the oven to brown slightly. Apple méringue pie may be made in the
same way, only flavoring the fruit.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pare and stew a quart of peaches with a pint of sugar, stirring often;
when boiled to look nearly as thick as marmalade, take from the fire
and when nearly cool, add one tablespoonful fresh butter. Have ready
three crusts, baked in shallow tin plates. Spread and pile up the
fruit on each.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Peach Pie._

Pare and stew the peaches till nearly done. Sweeten and boil a little
longer. Set aside and when nearly cool, pour into deep pie-plates,
lined with paste. Put bits of butter over the top, dredge with flour,
then cover with a top crust, and bake.--_Mrs. T._


Wash the prunes through several waters. Put in a preserving kettle in
the proportion of two pounds fruit to one pound sugar. Pour a quantity
of boiling water over them and let them boil at least two hours. When
they are thoroughly done and the syrup thickens, take from the fire
and pour into tin plates, lined with paste. Add one teaspoonful of
butter. Cover with a rich paste and bake.--_Mrs. S. T._


Scald the damsons slightly, in just enough water to prevent burning.
Set aside till cool enough to handle. Remove the stones, sweeten well,
and put in a deep pie-plate, lined with paste. Dredge with a little
flour, cover with a top crust, and bake.--_Mrs. T._


Bake a rich paste in pie-plates. Have six ready. In these spread
stewed strawberries well sweetened; lay one upon another, six deep. In
winter, use preserved or canned berries.--_Mrs. H._


Seed the cherries first, then scald them in their own juice. Sweeten
liberally and pour into a deep pie plate lined with a rich paste.
Dredge with flour, cover with a top crust and bake. Scarlet or
short-stem cherries are best. It is necessary to scald most fruits, as
otherwise the pastry will burn before the fruit is thoroughly
done.--_Mrs. S. T._


Prepare as for sauce, stewing two pounds fruit to one pound sugar.
Pour into a pie plate lined with paste, cover with a top crust and


Wash and thoroughly pick the fruit. Sweeten liberally and put in a
yellow baking-dish, adding a little boiling water to melt the sugar;
let it simmer a little; then set it aside to cool. Pour into a pie
plate, covered with paste. Dredge with flour. Cover with paste and


Put a crust in the bottom of a dish. Put on it a layer of ripe apples,
pared, cored, and sliced thin, then a layer of powdered sugar. Do this
alternately, till the dish is filled. Add a few teaspoonfuls rose
water and some cloves. Put on a crust and bake it.--_Mrs. E._

_Apple Pie._

Pare and stew the apples till thoroughly done and quite dry. Rub
through a colander and sweeten with powdered sugar. When cool add the
whites of eggs--three eggs to a pint of apples--and a teacup of cream,
whipped. Beat all the ingredients together with a patent egg-whip--one
with a wheel if convenient. Spread upon crusts of rich paste, baked in
shallow tin pie-plates. Grate nutmeg on each one and pile up three or
four deep.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Apple Pie._

Pare and slice the apples. Make a little thick syrup of white sugar,
into which throw a few cloves, allspice, or mace, as you prefer. In
this syrup, scald a few apples at a time, taking them out and putting
more in till all are slightly cooked. Set aside to cool, then pour
into deep pie plates lined with paste. Dredge with flour. Put bits of
butter over all. Dredge again. Cover with paste and bake. A glass of
brandy or wine will improve it.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pick the berries, but do not wash them. Stew slightly, sweeten, pour
into a pie plate, lined with paste. Grate in a little nutmeg, dredge
with flour, put on a top crust and bake.


Pour just enough boiling water on the fruit to prevent it from
sticking to the bottom of the preserving kettle. Boil a minute,
sweeten and pour into a pie-plate lined with paste. Dredge with flour,
cover with paste and bake.--_Mrs. S. T._


Put one pound sugar to one of fruit, adding just enough water to
prevent it from burning. Cook till it begins to jelly. Then spread
over shapes of rich puff paste, already baked.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Slice green tomatoes and stew in a thick syrup of sugar and lemon
juice. Grate in the yellow rind of a lemon. When transparent, spread
evenly over the bottom of a pie-plate that has been lined with paste.
Spread strips of pastry across or cut into ornamental leaves with a
cake-cutter, place over the fruit and bake.--_Mrs. S. T._


Steam or boil the potatoes. Slice and lay in a syrup of sugar seasoned
with whole cloves or allspice. Scald and set aside till nearly cool.
Then place the slices evenly on the bottom of a deep pie-plate lined
with crust. Put in each pie a tablespoonful of butter in bits, a
wine-glass of brandy or Madeira wine.--_Mrs. S. T._


One pint potatoes, boiled and mashed with a teacup sweet milk, and run
through a colander. Beat separately four eggs; cream one teacup butter
with one of sugar. Beat in the yolks, then the potatoes, grate in half
a nutmeg, pour in a large wine-glass of brandy or good whiskey, and
last of all, stir in the frothed whites. Bake in deep pie plates,
lined with paste, without a top crust. Sift powdered sugar over the

Irish potato pie may be made in the same way; only adding the juice
and grated rind of a lemon.--_Mrs. T._


Carefully skin the stalks, cut in pieces half an inch long. Scald in a
little rich syrup, but not long enough to become soft. Set aside, and
when nearly cool, pour into a pie plate, lined with paste. Put a
little grated lemon rind and a piece of butter the size of a walnut,
in each pie. Dredge with flour, put on a top crust and bake.--_Mrs.


Two quarts boiled beef, two quarts suet, chopped fine (or a part
butter, for suet). Six quarts apples, one quart molasses (best
quality). Four pounds sugar, three pounds raisins, one pound citron.
Nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, allspice, and wine to your taste. Mix well,
pack in jars, with melted butter on top, if to keep long. Put in a
cool place.--_Mrs. J. W._


Three pounds meat (after it is boiled). Four pounds suet, three and
one-half pounds raisins, one and one-half pounds currants, one-half
pound dried cherries, two nutmegs, and mace to your taste. Four pints
white wine, one pint brandy, four pounds brown sugar.--_Mrs. M. E. J.


Six cupfuls beef, twelve cupfuls apples, three cupfuls sugar, two
cupfuls molasses, two cupfuls butter, two pounds raisins, one quart
cider, three tablespoonfuls cinnamon, two tablespoonfuls allspice, two


Two pounds lean fresh beef, boiled and chopped. Two pounds beef suet
chopped fine, four pounds pippin apples, two pounds raisins stoned and
chopped, two pounds currants, one-half pound citron, two grated
nutmegs, one ounce powdered cinnamon, one-half ounce each of cloves
and mace, two large oranges, one teaspoonful salt, one quart brandy,
one quart wine, one wineglass rose water.


One quart morning's milk, 1 cupful sugar, yolks of six eggs, three
tablespoonfuls sifted flour. Boil twenty minutes, after seasoning with
nutmeg, wine, and vanilla or lemon. Have rich pastry already baked, in
deep pie plates. Fill with the above mixture and bake. Make a méringue
of the whites and some sugar, pour over the pie, and set it in the
stove again to brown.--_Mrs. T._

_Cream Pie._

One half pound butter, four eggs, sugar and nutmeg to taste, two
tablespoonfuls flour well mixed with milk. Pour over it one quart
boiling milk, stir all together and bake in deep dishes.--_Mrs. A. B._


Pour water on two large or four round soda crackers and let them
remain till thoroughly wet. Then press out the water and crush them up
together. Stir in the juice and grated peel of a lemon, with a cupful
or more of powdered sugar. Put in pastry and bake.--_Miss H. L._


Peel and grate one large white potato. Add the juice and grated rind
of a lemon, the beaten white of one egg, one cupful of white sugar,
and one of cold water.

Bake in a nice paste. After baking, spread on top the whites of three
eggs, frothed, sweetened and flavored with lemon. Set again on the
fire and brown. Lay on small pieces of jelly or jam, just before
taking it to the table.--_Mrs. M. B. B._


One quart milk, five eggs, five tablespoonfuls sugar; flavor with

Bake slowly, half an hour.--_Mrs. M. B. B._


One cupful sugar, one-half cupful butter, one-half cupful sweet milk,
one-half cupful flour, one egg, one teaspoonful cream of tartar,
one-half teaspoonful soda; flavor with lemon. Put on dinner
plates-spread with apple sauce between each layer.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


Three cupfuls light brown sugar, one-half cupful melted butter,
one-half cupful cream, three eggs. Season with lemon; beat well
together; bake in pastry, without tops.--_Mrs. J. F. G._


Three eggs, beaten separately, one pint molasses, one tablespoonful
melted butter. Bake on a rich crust.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

_Molasses Pie._

One teacup molasses, one teacup sugar, four eggs, four tablespoonfuls
butter. Mix sugar and eggs together, pour in butter, and add
molasses.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Yolks of twelve eggs, one pound sugar, one-half pound butter, one
cupful flour, one pint milk, juice of two lemons. The milk, flour, and
butter, creamed, and lemons put in together, after the eggs are well
beaten. Stir all well together till it curds.

Bake in paste.--_Mrs. A. C._


Yolks of sixteen eggs, one pound sugar, three-quarters pound butter,
four lemons, boiling rinds twice before using, two tablespoonfuls
powdered cracker.

Bake in paste.--_Mrs. Dr. E._

_Lemon Cheese Cakes._

Mix and gently melt four ounces of sugar and four ounces of butter;
add yolks of two eggs, white of one; grated rind of three lemons,
juice of one and a half lemon, one small Savoy or sponge biscuit, some
almonds blanched and pounded, three spoonfuls brandy. Mix well and
bake in rich pastry.--_Mrs. V. P. M._

_Lemon Cheese Cakes._

Yolks of eight eggs or yolks of five and whites of three, one-half
pound sugar, a lump of butter, juice of one lemon and grated rind of
three. Bake in rich pastry--_Miss D. D._


Juice and rind of three lemons, three cupfuls water, three cupfuls
sugar, three eggs, three tablespoonfuls corn starch, two
tablespoonfuls butter. Boil the water, mix the corn starch with a
little cold water and pour on the boiling water. Let it boil up once
and then pour it on the butter and sugar. After it cools add the
lemons and eggs.--_Miss D. D._


Beat up together very light one-half pound powdered sugar, and the
whites of four eggs.

Blanch and cut in small pieces four ounces of almonds, which must be
beaten up with the eggs and sugar. Add a little oil of almonds or rose
water, and bake with pastry, in tins.--_Mrs. I. H._

_Almond Cheese Cakes._

Soak one-half pound Jordan almonds in cold water all night. Next
morning, blanch them in cold water, lay them on a clean cloth to dry,
and then beat them fine in a marble mortar with a little orange-flower
or rose water. Then beat and strain six yolks and two whites of eggs,
add a half-pound white sugar, and a little powdered mace. Rub all well
together in the mortar. Melt ten ounces fresh butter, and add a grated
lemon peel. Mix all the ingredients and fill the pans, after putting a
paste at the bottom. Small tin shapes are best for cheese cakes.


Make them small, of rich paste. Fill them after baking, with whipped
cream, and drop a small spot of jelly in each one. The prettiest and
most delicate of tarts.--_Mrs. M. B. B._


Chop or grate a lemon; add a cupful white sugar, a cupful water, one
egg, one tablespoonful flour. Line small patties with paste, put a
spoonful in each and bake.--_Mrs. M. B. B._


Scald the prunes, take out the stones, break them and put the kernels
in a little cranberry juice with the prunes, and some sugar. Simmer
them, and when cold put in tart shapes in pastry and bake.--_Mrs. V.
P. M._


One quart of milk (half to be boiled, and the other half mixed with a
quart of flour, and used to thicken the boiling milk with).

Let it get done. While cooking, beat ten eggs very light; add a
spoonful at a time to the batter, beating all the time, till well
mixed. Add salt to your taste. Have a small oven full of nice lard,
boiling hot. Put not quite a spoonful of batter to each fritter. Take
them out before they turn dark and put them in a colander to drain the
lard off of them.--_Mrs. Dr. E._

FRITTERS (_made with yeast_).

One quart flour, three tablespoonfuls yeast, five eggs, one pint milk.
Beat into a tolerably stiff batter. Stir a cupful of boiled rice into
the batter, a short time before baking. A good deal of lard (boiling
hot) is required for frying the fritters. Drop the batter in with a
spoon, which must be dipped, each time, in boiling water. In cool
weather, make the fritters about nine in the morning, in the summer,
about eleven.--_Mrs. A. C._


Put a pint of boiling water in a preserving kettle, and as it boils,
put in a tablespoonful of fresh butter. Have ready a pint of the best
flour, sifted and wet with cold water, as for starch. Dip up some of
the boiling water and pour to this, being careful to have it smooth.
Return this to the kettle, stirring rapidly to prevent lumps. Turn
into a wooden tray, and while hot, beat in six well beaten eggs, a
spoonful at a time. Beat till very light, and beat quickly that the
eggs may not cook in lumps. Have ready a pint of boiling lard in a
pan. Make the fritters the shape of an egg, drop in and fry a light

To be eaten with a pint of molasses, a heaping tablespoonful of
butter, a little ginger and cinnamon, boiled to a thick syrup and
served hot.

A great deal of lard is required to fry fritters nicely; yet it is not
extravagant, as it may be used again. Strain what remains and put it
by for use.--_Mrs. S. T._


Mix with half a pint of rich milk the yolks of four eggs, well beaten.
Add three tablespoonfuls fine flour, four ounces sugar, five ounces
fresh butter, melted and cooled, four tablespoonfuls Madeira wine,
half a nutmeg. Grease the pans once with fresh butter, and this will
answer for all. The above quantity will suffice for five or six
persons.--_Mrs. R._


Eight eggs, four tablespoonfuls flour, one pint of milk, one
teaspoonful salt.


Jelly made of the feet of calves, hogs, etc., is more troublesome, but
is also considered more nutritious than jelly made of gelatine. It is
very desirable, for country housekeepers in particular, to make this
sort of jelly, as the materials are generally in their reach. It is
well, however, in all cases, to keep on hand Cox's or Nelson's
gelatine, on account of the expedition with which jelly may be made
from these preparations.

As jelly is considered more wholesome when not colored by any foreign
substance, no directions will be given in the subsequent pages for
coloring it. The palest amber jelly, clear and sparkling, flavored
only by the grated rind and juice of a lemon and pale Madeira or
sherry wine, is not only the most beautiful, but the most palatable
jelly that can be made.

Though the recipes accompanying boxes of gelatine do not always
recommend boiling, it is a great improvement to jelly, adding
brilliancy, transparency, and a better flavor. Only the grated yellow
rind and strained juice of the lemon should be used, and these, with
the requisite quantity of pale Madeira or sherry, should be added
after the other ingredients have been well boiled together. The white
rind or one single lemon seed will render the jelly bitter. A
delicious preserve (for which a receipt is given under the proper
heading), may be made of lemons, after the yellow rind has been grated
off and the juice pressed out for jelly.

The best and most simple arrangement for straining jelly is to invert
a small table, fold an old table-cloth four double, tie each corner to
a leg of the table; set a bowl under the bag thus formed, with another
bowl at hand to slip in its place when the jelly first run through is
returned to the bag, as will be necessary, the first never being
transparently clear. Catch a little in a glass. If clear as crystal,
it will be unnecessary to return it again to the bag. You may then put
a thick cloth over the bag to keep in the heat, and if in winter,
place before a fire. Shut up the room, and let it drip. The jelly will
run through the bag more rapidly if the bag is first scalded.

Jelly should never be made in hot weather. Ices are much better and
more seasonable.

Always serve jelly with a pitcher of whipped cream, but do not mix it
beforehand with the cream, as it is best to leave it to the taste of
each person.

For blanc-mange and gelatine, it is best to use gelatine and as few
spices as possible, as spices turn gelatine dark. As such explicit
directions are given in the subsequent pages for the making of these
dishes, it is unnecessary to say anything further on the subject at

A nice custard is made in the following manner: Mix the beaten yolks
of six eggs with a teacup of sugar. Have a quart of milk boiling in a
kettle. Dip up a teacup of milk at a time and pour on the eggs, till
the kettle is emptied, stirring rapidly all the time. Wash out the
kettle, pour the mixture back, and stir constantly till it thickens.
Then pour it into a bowl and stir till cool, to make it smooth and
prevent it from curdling. Put in the bottom of glass mugs slips of
preserved orange, lemon, or citron. Fill nearly full with custard; put
whipped cream and grated nutmeg on top.

Or, the yolks may be mixed with boiled milk and sugar in the same
proportions, but instead of being returned to the kettle, may be
poured into china or earthenware custard-cups, set in a pan of boiling
water, placed in a stove or range, and baked. The boiled milk must be
seasoned by boiling a vanilla bean in it, or a few peach leaves, or it
may be flavored with caromel. Serve the custard with whipped cream on


To one and a half gallons of stock, put the whipped whites of eight
eggs. Put in six blades of mace and the rind of three lemons, 4½
pounds sugar. Let it boil ten minutes, then add three pints of Madeira
wine, juice of eight lemons, a little vinegar or sharp cider. Let it
boil only a few minutes. Strain through a dripper. If the stock is not
very nice, it may require the whites of one dozen eggs to clear
it.--_Mrs. T._


One quart nice jelly stock, one pint wine, half a pound white sugar,
whites of four eggs beaten up, three spoonfuls lemon juice. Boil all
well and pass through a jelly-bag, kept hot before the fire. Try some
at first, till it drips clear, and then pour out the whole. Peel the
lemons as thin as possible and strain the jelly on the peelings.
Should you wish to turn out the jelly in moulds, put one ounce
isinglass to three pints of jelly.--_Mrs. I. H._


Dissolve two ounces isinglass in two quarts of boiling water. When
cold, add juice of three lemons and skin of one, whites of three eggs,
well beaten, one and a half pounds of sugar, one pint cider, four
pieces cinnamon (size of the little finger), eight blades of mace. Let
it boil up well. Be careful not to stir after the ingredients are
thoroughly mixed. Let it stand ten minutes after removing from the
fire, and just before straining pour in a pint of wine.--_Mrs. W. R.


Pare off the rind of one large lemon. Boil in one pint water with one
ounce isinglass; add one pound sugar and one cup pale wine. As soon as
the isinglass is dissolved, strain through a muslin and let it stand
till cold. Grate the rind of another lemon and let it stand in the
juice of the two lemons for a short time. Strain all in a bowl, and
whisk it till it begins to stiffen. Pour in moulds.--_Mrs. E. P. G._


Soak one box of Cox's gelatine, three hours, in a pint of cold water.
Then add one pint of cooking wine, the rind and juice of one lemon,
two pounds white sugar, a little mace. Stir these ingredients till the
sugar dissolves, then add two quarts of boiling water, gently stirring
till mixed. Strain at once, through a flannel bag twice. This recipe
makes the best jelly I ever saw.--_Mrs. M. M. D._

_Gelatine Jelly._

To one package of gelatine add one pint cold water, the rind of one
lemon and juice of three. Let it stand an hour. Then add three pints
of boiling water, one pint wine, two and a quarter pounds loaf sugar,
a wineglass of brandy or the best rum. Strain through a napkin and let
it stand to jelly.--_Mrs. Col. S._

_Gelatine Jelly_ (_without straining_).

Add a pint cold water to one box Cox's gelatine. Let it stand fifteen
minutes, then add three pints boiling water, one pint wine, the
strained juice and peelings (cut thin) of three lemons, half a teacup
of best vinegar, one and a half pounds loaf sugar, one wine-glass
French brandy, mace or any other spice you like, and a little essence
of lemon. Let it stand an hour, then take out the lemon peel and mace.
Let it stand in a cool place to congeal.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


Dissolve one package gelatine, an hour, in a pint of cold water. Then
add three pints of boiling water, the strained juice of four lemons
and the rind of two, one quart of wine, two pounds of sugar. Stir all
well together until dissolved.--_Mrs. E. B._

_Jelly without Boiling._

To one of the shilling packages of Cox's gelatine, add one pint cold
water. After letting it stand an hour, add one and a half pounds of
loaf sugar, the juice of four lemons, one pint light wine, three pints
boiling water, and cinnamon to the taste. In cold weather this is
ready for use in four or five hours. Set the vessel with the jelly on
ice, in summer.--_Miss D. D._


Two measures of stock, one of cream; sweeten and flavor to the taste.
Pour in moulds to congeal.


Dissolve over a fire an ounce of isinglass in a gill of water. Pour
the melted isinglass in a quart of cream (or mixed cream and milk),
and half a pound of loaf sugar. Put in a porcelain kettle, and boil
fast for half an hour. Strain it, and add a quarter of pound of
almonds, blanched, and shaved fine. Season to the taste with vanilla
and wine, but do not add the wine while hot. Pour into moulds.--_Mrs.
C. C._


Pour two tablespoonfuls cold water on one ounce gelatine to soften it.
Boil three pints rich cream. Stir the gelatine into it whilst on the
fire, and sweeten to the taste. When it cools, season with three
tablespoonfuls peach water. Four ounces almonds, blanched and pounded
very fine and boiled with the blanc-mange, are a great improvement.
When it begins to thicken, pour into moulds. Serve with plain
cream.--_Mrs. J. H. T._


Sweeten a pint of cream and flavor it with lemon juice. Then whip it
over ice, till a stiff froth. Add one-quarter of an ounce gelatine,
dissolved in a little boiling water, and whip it well again to keep
the gelatine from settling at the bottom. Pour in a mould, and set on
ice till stiff enough to turn out. Eat with cream, plain or seasoned.
A delicious dish.--_Mrs. G. D. L._

_Blanc-mange._ (_Very fine._)

Dissolve one box gelatine in two quarts milk, let stand for two hours.
Boil six almonds in the milk. Strain through a sifter while this is
being boiled. Pound together in a mortar, two handfuls blanched
almonds and half a cupful granulated sugar. Stir into the boiled milk.
Add one tablespoonful vanilla, and sweeten to your taste.--_Mrs. W.


Make a custard with one quart milk, four eggs, one teacup sugar. Stir
into it while boiling, half a box gelatine after it has soaked ten
minutes. Season with vanilla, and pour in moulds. Eat with whipped
cream.--_Mrs. E. P. G._


Boil in a saucepan (tightly covered) one quart milk and a piece of
vanilla bean. Stir into half a pint cream, a teacup arrow-root, and a
little sauce, mixing them smoothly. Pour into this the quart boiling
milk, stir it well, put it in the saucepan again and let it simmer ten
minutes. Sweeten to your taste. Set it in moulds to cool. Eat with
cream, flavored to your taste.--_Mrs. H._


Dissolve one ounce Cox's gelatine in a pint cold water. Let it stand
an hour. Then boil two quarts of milk, and add to it six ounces
chocolate with the gelatine. Sweeten to your taste and pour into
moulds. Eat with sauce made of cream, wine, and sugar.--_Mrs. W. H.


One cupful very strong coffee, one cupful sugar, one cupful rich
cream. Dissolve half a box gelatine in two cupfuls milk, over the
fire. Add the cream last, after the rest is cool. Pour in a mould to
congeal.--_Mrs. McG._


One pint milk made into a custard with the yolks of six eggs,
sweetened with half a pound sugar, and flavored with vanilla. Strain
into the custard, one ounce isinglass, dissolved in two cupfuls milk.
When this mixture is cold and begins to stiffen, mix with it
gradually, one pint rich cream, previously whipped to a froth. Then
put strips of sponge cake around the mould and put the Charlotte Russe
in. Turn it out when ready to serve.--_Mrs. W. C. R._

_Charlotte Russe._

Soak three-quarters of a package of gelatine in three teacups fresh
milk. Make a custard of one and a half pint fresh milk, three-quarters
of a pound of sugar, and the yolks of eight eggs. When it has boiled,
add the gelatine, and flavor with vanilla. When it begins to congeal,
stir in a quart rich cream, whipped to a froth.--_Mrs. M._

_Charlotte Russe._

Have a tin or earthernware mould six inches high, and the same in
diameter (or oblong, if you like). Slice sponge cake or lady-fingers
and line the mould with them. Then beat three pints rich cream to a
froth, and put the froth on a sieve to drain the milk from it. Take
one pint calf's-foot jelly (or one and a half ounces gelatine), half a
pint rich milk, and the yolks of six eggs. Place over a slow fire, and
beat till they nearly boil. Then take them off the fire and beat till
cool. Put in the frothed cream, sweeten to your taste, flavor with
vanilla, and stir all well together. Fill the mould and place it on
ice to cool.--_Mrs. W. H. L._

_Strawberry Charlotte Russe._

Six eggs, one ounce isinglass, one quart milk. Sweeten to the taste
and flavor with vanilla. Pour into moulds. Then put it on sponge cake,
covered with strawberry jam, and pour around the dish whipped cream,
sweetened and flavored with wine.--_Mrs. McG._


Sweeten one quart cream, flavor it with wine and whip it lightly.
Dissolve half a box gelatine in a tablespoonful cold water and the
same quantity of boiling water. Set over the steam of a kettle to
dissolve. Then add half a pint of cream. When cold, stir it into the
whipped cream. Beat the whites of four eggs very light, and stir into
the cream. When it begins to stiffen, pour into a glass bowl, lined
with thin strips of sponge cake. Whip, sweeten and flavor another pint
of cream, and garnish the dish.--_Mrs. D._

_Charlotte Russe._

One ounce gelatine; one quart rich cream; eight eggs; one quart new
milk. Sugar and flavoring to taste. Whip the cream to a stiff froth.
Make a custard of the milk, gelatine and yolks of the eggs. When cool,
add the whites of the eggs well beaten and the whipped cream. Line the
mould with sponge cake, and if in summer put it on ice.--_Miss M. C.


Boil a quart or three pints of cream, or rich milk, with cinnamon, and
three dozen beaten peach kernels, tied in a piece of muslin, or you
may substitute some other flavoring, if you choose. After boiling, let
it cool.

Then beat the yolks of fourteen eggs and whites of four, sweeten and
strain in a pitcher. After it has settled, pour it in cups and set
them in the oven, putting around them as much boiling water as will
reach nearly to the top of the cups. Let it boil till you see a scum
rising on top the custard. It will require at least ten minutes to
bake.--_Mrs. R._

_Baked Custard._

Seven eggs; one quart milk; three tablespoonfuls sugar. Flavor to
taste.--_Mrs. Dr. E._

_Baked Custard._

Scald eight teacups milk. (Be careful not to boil it.) After cooling,
stir into it eight eggs and two teacups sugar. Bake in a dish or cups.
Set in a stove pan and surround with water, but not enough to boil
into the custard cups. An oven for baking puddings is the right
temperature. Bake when the custard is set, which will be in twenty
minutes.--_Mrs. J. J. A._


Boil, till dissolved, one ounce of gelatine in three pints of milk.
Then add the yolks of six eggs, beaten light, and mixed with two
teacups sugar. Put again on the fire and stir till it thickens. Then
set it aside to cool, and meantime beat the six whites very stiff and
stir them into the custard when almost cold. Pour into moulds. Flavor
to your taste, before adding the whites.--_Mrs. W._

_Spanish Cream._

Dissolve half a box gelatine in half a pint milk. Boil one quart milk,
and while boiling beat six eggs separately and very light. Mix the
yolks with the boiling milk, and when it thickens add the gelatine.
Sweeten and season to the taste. Pour all while hot on the whites of
the eggs. Pour into moulds.--_Mrs. J. T. B._


Soak a box of gelatine in one pint cold water. Then add one quart nice
cream, season with fresh lemons, sweeten to your taste, beat well
together, and set away in a cool place. When hard, eat with cream,
flavored with wine.--_Mrs. A. B._


Boil, till dissolved, one ounce gelatine in three pints milk. Then add
the yolks of four eggs, well beaten, and five ounces sugar. Mix the
whole and let it cook. Then strain and set aside to cool. Beat the
four whites to a stiff froth, and when the cream is nearly congealed,
beat them in. Flavor to your taste, and mould.--_Mrs. A. P._


Sweeten one pint thick cream to your taste and flavor it with lemon or
vanilla. Churn the cream to a froth, skim off the froth as it rises
and put it in a glass dish. Dissolve one and a half tablespoonfuls
gelatine in warm water, and when dissolved pour into the froth and
stir fifteen minutes. Set in a cold place and it will be ready for use
in a few hours.--_Mrs. D. R._

_Bavarian Cream._

Soak half a box gelatine in cold water till thoroughly dissolved. Then
add three pints milk or cream, and put on the fire till scalding hot,
stirring all the while. Then take it off and add three teacups sugar
and the yolks of eight eggs (by spoonfuls) stirring all the time. Set
on the fire again and let it remain till quite hot. Then take it off
and add the eight beaten whites and eight teaspoonfuls vanilla. Put
into moulds to cool.--_Mrs. N. A. L._


Three tablespoonfuls tapioca, one quart milk, three eggs, one cupful
sugar. Flavor with lemon or vanilla.

Soak the tapioca, in a little water, overnight. After rinsing, put it
in milk and let it cook soft. Add sugar and yolks of eggs. Whip the
whites stiff and pour on the tapioca, as you remove it from the fire.
It should be cooked in a tin pail, set in a kettle of boiling water,
to prevent the milk from scorching. Eat cold.--_Mrs. G. W. P._


Boil the pearl tapioca (not the lump kind) as you do rice. When cool,
sweeten to the taste and season with nutmeg. Pour rich cream over it
and stir it to make it smooth. Put one pint cream to two
tablespoonfuls before boiling.--_Mrs. J. H. T._


Dissolve a box of gelatine in a pint of warm water, then add a pint of
cold water. In winter three pints may be used instead of two.

Add the juice of six lemons and the rind; cut them as for jelly. Let
it stand till it begins to harden. Then take out the rind and add the
whites of twelve eggs beaten to a stiff froth. Beat them into the
jelly, put in a glass bowl, and serve in saucers.--_Mrs. A. C._


Half a pound sugar, three pints lukewarm cream, one cupful wine.
Dissolve the sugar in the wine, then pour it on the milk from a
height and slowly, so as to cause the milk to froth.--_Mrs. E._


One quart milk (warm as when milked), one tablespoonful wine of the
rennet. After the milk is turned, eat it with a dressing of cream,
sugar and wine.--_Mrs. Dr. E._


Set away the milk in the bowl in which it is brought to the table. If
the weather is warm, set it in the refrigerator after it has become

Help each person to a large ladleful, being careful not to break it.
Eat with powdered sugar, nutmeg and cream.--_Mrs. S. T._


To a common-sized glass bowl of cream, sweetened with loaf sugar and
flavored with wine, take the whites of six eggs, three large
tablespoonfuls sugar, and three of fruit jelly. Do not beat the eggs
to a froth, but put in the jelly and sugar and beat all
together.--_Mrs. T._


Mash a quart cooked or coddled apples smooth through a sieve; sweeten
with six tablespoonfuls sugar, and flavor with nutmeg. Then add the
apples, a spoonful at a time, to the whites of four eggs, well beaten.
Put a pint of cream, seasoned with sugar and nutmeg, at the bottom of
your dish, and put the apples on top.--_Mrs. I. H._


Pare and slice one dozen large apples; stew them perfectly done, and
run through a colander. Then add whites of twelve eggs, beaten to a
stiff froth, and one pound white sugar. Eat with sweet cream.


Pare and weigh two pounds green apples. Cut them in small pieces, and
drop them in a rich syrup, made of a pound and a quarter of "A" sugar
and a little water. As soon as the syrup begins to boil, add the juice
and grated rind of one large lemon or two small ones.

Boil till the apples become a solid mass. Turn out in a wet mould to
stand till cold. Serve on a dish surrounded with boiled custard, or
eat with seasoned cream.--_Mrs. A. F._


Peel and slice the apples, stew till done, then run through a colander
and sweeten, season. Beat the whites of three eggs to a stiff froth,
and just before serving whip them into a quart of the stewed apples.
Eat with cream.--_Mrs. T._


Pare, core, and quarter the apples, wash them, and put them in a pan
with sugar and water enough to cover them. Add cinnamon, and lemon
peel which has been previously soaked, scraped and cut in strings.
Boil gently till done; lay in a deep dish. Boil the syrup to the
proper consistency, and pour over the apples.--_Mrs. E._


Quarter and core some well-flavored apples, place in a shallow tin pan
or plate, sprinkle thickly with white sugar and a few small pieces of
cinnamon. Pour on enough cold water to half cover the apples, and
scatter a few small pieces of butter over them. Cook slowly till
thoroughly done, then set away to cool.--_Mrs. McG._


Pare and core the apples, keeping them whole. Put in a baking-dish,
and fill the holes with brown sugar. Pour into each apple a little
lemon juice, and stick into each a piece of lemon peel. Put enough
water to prevent their burning. Bake till tender, but not broken. Set
away to cool. Eat with cream or custard. They will keep two
days.--_Mrs. Dr. J._


Pare and core one dozen fine, firm apples, leaving them whole. Place
in a stewpan, with enough water to cover them, and stew till you can
pierce them with a straw. Then remove from the fire, and set in a dish
to cool. Then fill the centre with currant or some other jelly, and
ice over as you would cake. Serve in a glass dish, and eat with rich
cream or custard.--_Mrs. A. D._


After having tried many new and patent freezers, some of the best
housekeepers have come to the conclusion that the old-fashioned
freezer is the best. It is well, however, to keep a patent freezer on
hand, in case of your wanting ice cream on short notice; but for
common use an old-fashioned one is the best, especially as servants
are so apt to get a patent freezer out of order.

The great secret of freezing cream quickly in a common freezer is to
have the cream and salt in readiness before breaking the ice into
small pieces the size of a walnut. There must be a space of two inches
between the freezer and the tub in which it is set. Put a little ice
and salt under the bottom of the freezer, then pack alternate layers
of ice and salt several inches higher than the cream is in the
freezer. If there is no top to the tub, with an aperture to admit the
freezer, pin a woollen cloth over it and turn the freezer rapidly.
When the cream begins to harden on the sides of the freezer, cut it
down with a knife, scrape from the sides, and beat with a large iron
spoon. Then cover again, and turn rapidly till it is as hard as mush.
When the ice begins to melt, drain off the salt and water, adding more
salt and ice, which must be kept above the level of the cream in the
freezer. When done, tie large newspapers over the tub and freezer. Put
a woollen cloth or blanket over these, and set the cream in a dark,
cool closet till wanted. In this way it may be kept for hours in
summer, and for days in winter, and will grow harder instead of
melting. As cream can be kept thus, it is well to make it early in the
day and set it aside, leaving more leisure for other preparations that
are better made immediately before dinner.

Ice cream making, like other branches of housekeeping, is much
facilitated by having all the ingredients at hand before beginning on
it. As such explicit directions for the process are given in the
subsequent pages, it is unnecessary for me to add anything further on
the subject. Unless you have pure cream to freeze, it is better to
make plain boiled custard rather than to attempt an imitation of ice

It is a good plan to make jelly and custard at the same time, so that
the yolks of eggs not used in the jelly may be utilized in custard
either boiled or baked. The same proportions are generally used for
boiled and baked custard. Instead of flavoring with extract of
vanilla, it is much better to boil a vanilla bean in the milk, or to
boil some peach leaves tied up in a piece of muslin (six or eight
leaves to a quart of milk), or to flavor it with burnt sugar. Never
flavor custard with extract of lemon, when you can obtain fresh lemons
for the purpose.

When you have no yolks left from making jelly, boil a quart of milk
(flavored by the above directions). Have ready three eggs, whites and
yolks beaten together to a stiff froth, and into these stir a teacup
of powdered white sugar. Dip up the boiling milk, pour slowly on the
eggs, stirring rapidly. When all the milk has been stirred in the
eggs, wash out the kettle, put the milk and eggs back into it, and let
the mixture boil till it begins to thicken, when it must be taken
immediately from the fire, poured into a bowl, and stirred till cold
and smooth.

Many persons, before freezing, stir in the frothed whites of three
eggs. The same directions given for freezing cream apply to the
freezing of custard.

Boiled custard should never be used as a substitute for cream in
making fruit ice creams, nor should it ever be eaten with jelly.


Dissolve five teaspoonfuls Oswego starch or arrow-root in a teacup
milk. Add to it the whites of three eggs well frothed, and the yolk of
one, well beaten.

Sweeten with loaf sugar and boil half a gallon new milk. As soon as it
begins to boil, pour it in small quantities over the mixture of eggs
and starch, till about half the milk is taken out of the kettle. Then
pour all back in the kettle and stir a few moments. After it cools,
add one quart rich cream; season to the taste and freeze.--_Mrs. Dr.

_Ice Cream._

One quart milk, two eggs, one teaspoonful corn starch, one teaspoonful
arrow-root. A small lump of butter.--_Mrs. E. B._

_Ice Cream._

Cream one tablespoonful butter from which the salt has been washed.
Add three tablespoonfuls com starch. Dissolve this in half a gallon
new milk, heated, sweetened and seasoned. Beat the whites of four
eggs, and stir in just before freezing.--_Mrs. McG._


One gallon rich cream, six lemons, first rubbed till soft, and then
grated. Tie the yellow peel, which has been grated off, in a piece of
coarse muslin. Cut each lemon in half and squeeze the juice from it.
Strain the juice, and soak the muslin bag of lemon peel in it,
squeezing it frequently till it becomes highly flavored and colored by
it. Then add two teacups of sugar.

In sweetening the cream, allow a teacup of sugar to each quart. Pour
the juice into it slowly, carefully stirring. Froth and freeze,
reserving a portion of cream to pour in as it sinks in freezing.
--_Mrs. S. T._


Four oranges, one gallon cream. Rub four or five lumps of sugar on the
orange peel, squeeze the juice out, put the lumps of sugar in it and
pour into the cream. Sweeten heavily with pulverized sugar before
freezing.--_Mrs. M._


Four quarts thick sweet cream, four quarts strawberries. The berries
must be mashed or bruised, caps and all, with a teacup of granulated
sugar to each quart. After standing several hours, strain through a
thin coarse cloth.

Put four teacups of white sugar to the cream, and then add the juice
of the berries. Whip or froth the cream with a patent egg-whip or
common egg-beater. Pour two-thirds of the cream into the freezer,
reserving the rest to pour in after it begins to freeze. Raspberry
cream may be made by the same recipe.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take nice, soft peaches, perfectly ripe. Pare and chop fine, make them
very sweet, and mash to a fine jam. To each quart of peaches, add one
pint of cream and one pint of rich milk. Mix well and freeze. If you
cannot get cream, melt an ounce of Cox's gelatine in a cup of water.
Boil the milk, pour it on the gelatine, and when cold, mix with the
peaches.--_L. D. L._

_Peach Cream._

To two quarts of rich, sweet cream, add two teacups of sugar. Whip to
a stiff froth with a patent egg-whip, one with a wheel, if
convenient; if not, use the common egg-whip. Then peel soft, ripe
peaches till you have about two quarts. As you peel, sprinkle over
them two teacups powdered white sugar. Mash quickly with a silver
tablespoon, or run through a colander, if the fruit is not soft and
ripe. Then stir into the whipped cream, and pour into the freezer,
reserving about one-fourth to add when the cream begins to sink in
freezing. When you add the remainder, first cut down the frozen cream
from the sides of the freezer. Beat hard with a strong iron spoon,
whenever the freezer is opened to cut down the cream, till it becomes
too hard. This beating and cutting down is required only for the
common freezer, the patent freezer needing nothing of the kind.

Tie over the freezer large newspapers, to exclude the air, and set
aside till wanted.

Apricot cream may be made exactly by this receipt.--_Mrs. S. T._


Whip two quarts rich, sweet cream to a froth, with two teacups
powdered white sugar. Use a patent egg-whip with a wheel, if
convenient; if not, use the common egg-whip.

Grate two ripe pineapples, and add to them two teacups white sugar.
When well mixed, stir into the cream.

Pour into the freezer, reserving one-fourth. When it begins to freeze,
it will sink; then beat in the remainder with a strong iron spoon.
Beat every time the freezer is opened to cut down the cream from the
sides. Never cook fruit of any sort to make cream.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil half a vanilla bean, cut in small pieces, in half a pint of rich
new milk. When cool, strain and add to two quarts thick sweet cream.
Sweeten with two heaping teacups powdered sugar, and whip to a stiff
froth. Pour into a freezer, reserving one-fourth of the cream. As soon
as it begins to freeze, stir from the sides with a large iron spoon,
and beat hard. Add the remaining cream when it begins to sink. Beat
every time the freezer is opened. When frozen, tie newspapers over the
freezer and bucket, throw a blanket over them, and set in a close,
dark place till the ice cream is wanted.--_Mrs. S. T._


One gallon rich, sweet cream, four teacups powdered sugar, five
tablespoonfuls caramel. Mix well and freeze hard.


Put in a stewpan one teacup nice brown sugar and half a teacup water.
Stew over a hot fire till it burns a little. If too thick, make it of
the consistency of thin molasses, by adding a little boiling water.
Bottle and cork, ready for use.--_Mrs. J. W. H._

_Caramel Ice Cream._

Three quarts cream, two pints brown sugar, put in a skillet and stir
constantly over a brisk fire until it is dissolved. Be careful not to
let it burn, however. While it is melting, heat one pint milk, and
stir a little at a time with the dissolved sugar. Then strain it, and
when cool, pour it into the cream, well beaten. Then freeze.--_Mrs. W.
C. R._


Half a pound sweet chocolate, twelve eggs, one gallon milk, two
tablespoonfuls arrow-root, sugar and vanilla to the taste. Dissolve
the chocolate in one pint and a half boiled milk. Whip the eggs. Mix
the arrow-root in a little cold milk, and add to the eggs. Then pour
on one gallon boiled milk, and put on the fire to thicken. When cool,
season and freeze.--_Mrs. D. R._

_Chocolate Ice Cream._

Three quarts milk, eight eggs, six ounces chocolate dissolved in a
pint of boiling water, three heaping tablespoonfuls arrow-root well
mixed in cold milk, one pound and a half of brown sugar, vanilla to
the taste. Made like custard, and boiled very thick.--_Miss D. D._

_Chocolate Ice Cream._

One quart morning's milk, one-quarter of a pound chocolate, one
teaspoonful vanilla, sugar to the taste. Boil as for table use. When
ready to freeze, whip in one quart rich cream.


One pound grated cocoanut, one pound sugar, one pint cream. Stir the
grated nut gradually into the cream. Boil gently, or merely heat it,
so as to thoroughly get the flavor of the nut. Then pour the cream
into a bowl and stir in the sugar. When cold, stir in three pints
fresh cream, then freeze.

_Cocoanut Ice Cream._

One cocoanut, pared and grated. Mix with a quart of cream, sweeten,
and freeze.--_Mrs. E. I._

_Cocoanut Ice Cream._

One grated nut, three and a half quarts of milk, one pint of cream,
two tablespoonfuls arrow-root mixed in a little cold milk. Sweeten to
the taste, and freeze.--_Mrs. D. R._


Soak one-half package of Cox's gelatine in a pint of morning's milk.
Boil three pints of milk, and while hot, pour on the gelatine,
stirring till dissolved. When cold, add two quarts of cream, and
sweeten and season to your taste. Then freeze. It is improved by
whipping the cream before freezing.--_Miss E. T._


Three quarts milk, whites of four eggs beaten light, three
tablespoonfuls arrow-root mixed in a little cold water and added to
the eggs. Boil the milk and pour over the eggs, etc. Then put on the
fire and thicken a little. When nearly cold, add a quart of cream.
Sweeten and season to the taste and freeze.--_Mrs. D. R._

_Ice Cream without Cream._

One gallon milk, yolks of two eggs well beaten, whites of twelve eggs
well beaten. Sweeten and scald the milk, and pour it on the eggs,
stirring all the time. Put it in the kettle again and let it come to a
boil. Season to the taste and freeze at once.--_Mrs. E. W._


One half-gallon of freshly turned clabber, one-half gallon rich sweet
cream, one good vanilla bean boiled in one-half pint sweet milk, sugar
to the taste. Churn this five minutes before freezing. One can of
condensed milk may be used with less clabber. MRS. H. L. S.


One gallon buttermilk, yolks of eight eggs, and whites of four, well
beaten; three pints sweet milk. Boil the sweet milk and pour on the
eggs; then thicken, stirring all the time. When cool stir in the
buttermilk slowly, season and sweeten to the taste, then
freeze.--_Mrs. D. R._


Make a rich custard, allowing a cup of nice brown sugar to every
quart. Stew the sugar till it burns a little. Then mix it with the
custard while both are hot. Boil two sticks cinnamon in the
custard.--_Mrs. J. J. B._


One quart fresh milk, eight eggs, yolks and whites beaten separately.
Put the milk on the fire, sweetened to the taste, and let it come to
boiling heat; then take it off and add the yolks. Then wash the kettle
and put the custard on the fire again, and let it boil till quite
thick. Take it off, and when cool enough, add the whites. Flavor with
lemon or vanilla, and freeze.--_Mrs. C. N._

_Frozen Custard._

Twelve eggs, one gallon milk, four lemons, sugar to taste,
freeze.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


Make one-half gallon rich boiled custard, allowing six eggs to each
quart. Add, before taking it from the fire, two pounds of macaroon
almonds. When cold, freeze.--_Mrs. A. P._


Make a rich custard, and flavor it when cool with wine and extract of
lemon. When half frozen, add blanched almonds, chopped citron, brandy
peaches cut up, and any other brandied or crystallized fruit. Make the
freezer half full of custard and fill with fruit.


Forty blanched almonds pounded rather fine, one ounce citron cut in
small squares, two ounces currants, two ounces raisins stoned and
divided. Soak all in two wine-glasses wine, all night. Make custard of
a pint of cream or milk. If cream, use yolks of four eggs; if milk,
yolks of eight eggs. Make a syrup of one pound white sugar and a pint
of water. When nearly boiling, put in the fruit and wine and boil one
minute. When cool, mix with the custard. Whip whites of the eggs to a
stiff froth, and add to the custard and syrup after they are mixed.
Add last a wine-glass of brandy.--_Miss E. W._


To one pint cream or new milk, stir in thoroughly two tablespoonfuls
arrow-root. Boil three pints milk, and while boiling add the cold
cream and arrow-root, also three eggs well beaten, and sugar to the
taste. When cold season with vanilla bean, and stir in half a pound
cut citron, half a pound currants, half a pound raisins cut and
seeded. Freeze hard and serve in moulds.--_Mrs. T._


Three quarts water, four lemons, whites of six eggs, one pound and two
ounces sugar, one pint sweet cream. Mix one-half the sugar with the
cream and eggs, which must be beaten to a stiff froth; mix the rest of
the sugar with the water and lemons. Mix all together just before
freezing.--_Mrs. A. P._


Take one dozen lemons, squeeze out the juice, then slice the rind and
pour over it six quarts boiling water. Mix three pounds sugar with the
lemon juice, and one quart milk, brought to a boil and thickened with
three tablespoonfuls arrow-root or corn-starch. Be careful to remove
all the seed and most of the rind, leaving only a few slices to make
the dish pretty. After the lemonade begins to freeze, stir in the
thickened milk, and the whites of six eggs beaten very light.

_Lemon Sherbet._

One dozen good lemons, whites of twelve eggs beaten stiff, three
pounds white sugar, one gallon water. Stir all well together and add
one quart nice fresh cream. Stir often while freezing.--_Miss E. T._

_Lemon Sherbet._

Two quarts water, four large lemons, one pound and a half sugar,
whites of six eggs. Rub some lumps of sugar on the rind of the lemons.
Powder some of the sugar, beat it with the whites of the eggs, and mix
with the lemonade when it begins to freeze.--_Mrs. M._

_A new Recipe for Lemon Sherbet._

Make one and a half gallon rather acid lemonade, grating the peel of
three or four of the lemons before straining the juice into the water.
Let it stand fifteen minutes. Then make and add to it the following
mixture: pour a pint cold water over one box gelatine and let it stand
half an hour; then pour over it one pint boiling water, and let it
stand till thoroughly dissolved. Beat the whites of eight eggs with
two pounds pulverized sugar till as thick as icing; then churn a quart
rich cream till it is reduced to a pint; then beat the froth of the
cream into the egg and sugar. Pour in gradually the lemonade, beating
all the time so as to mix thoroughly, and then freeze. Delicious.
--_Mrs. F. C. W._


One gallon water, twelve oranges, juice of three lemons, whites of six
eggs. Rub some lumps of sugar on the orange peel. Mix as lemon
sherbet, and freeze.--_Mrs. M._


One dozen oranges, juice of two lemons, two quarts water; sugar to the
taste. Rind of four oranges grated on sugar. Freeze as usual.--_Mrs.
G. D. L._

_Orange Ice._

Juice of nine oranges, juice of one lemon, one and one-quarter pounds
powdered sugar, two quarts water. To be frozen.--_Mrs. I. H._


To a two-pound can of pineapples add three quarts water, half a box
gelatine (prepared as for jelly), juice of two oranges, whites of four
eggs. Remove the black and hard pieces of pineapple, then pass it
through the colander by beating with a potato-masher. Sweeten to your
taste and freeze.--_Mrs. I. H._

_Pineapple Ice._

One large pineapple peeled and finely grated, juice of one lemon, two
quarts water. Sweeten to the taste, and freeze hard.--_Mrs. G. D. L._

_Pineapple Ice._

Dissolve one box gelatine in one gallon water. Beat two pounds
pineapple through a colander with a wooden pestle. Add the juice of
two lemons and the juice of two oranges; sweeten to your taste, but
add more sugar than is required for ice cream.

Beat six eggs separately and stir in the mixture. When half frozen,
beat rapidly half a dozen times, at intervals.

This makes two gallons when frozen.--_Mrs. E. T._


Slice citron, pour on it a rich, hot lemonade, and freeze.--_Mrs. E.


Three quarts juice, one quart water. Sweeten heavily, and after
putting in the freezer add the whites of six eggs beaten very light.
The same recipe will answer for currant or cherry ice.--_Mrs. M. C.

WATERMELON ICE (_beautiful and delicious_).

Select a ripe and very red melon. Scrape some of the pulp and use all
the water. A few of the seeds interspersed will add greatly to the
appearance. Sweeten to the taste and freeze as you would any other
ice. If you wish it very light, add the whites of three eggs,
thoroughly whipped, to one gallon of the icing just as it begins to
congeal. Beat frequently and very hard with a large iron spoon.--_Mrs.
J. J._


Let one ounce sparkling gelatine stand an hour in a pint of cold
water. Then add three pints boiling water, one and one-half pounds
loaf sugar, one and one-half pint wine, juice of three lemons, rind
of two lemons. Stir all these ingredients and freeze before allowing
it to congeal. Delicious.


Pare and slice as many oranges as you choose, in a glass bowl.
Sprinkle sugar and grated cocoanut over each layer.--_Mrs. W C. R._


Cut pineapple and orange in slices, sprinkle with sugar, and put in a
deep dish alternately to form a pyramid. Put grated cocoanut between
each layer. If you like, pour good Madeira or sherry wine over the
dish.--_Mrs. T._


Peel and slice thin, just before eating. Sprinkle pulverized sugar
over it, but nothing else, as the flavor of this delicious fruit is
impaired by adding other ingredients. Keep on ice till wanted.--_Mrs.
S. T._


Keep on ice till wanted. If lacking in sweetness, sprinkle powdered
sugar over them.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cut out carefully the end with the stem, making a hole large enough to
admit an apple. With a spoon, remove the seed. Fill with ice, replace
the round piece taken out, and place on end. Eat with powdered sugar,
salt, and pepper.--_Mrs. S. T._


While the first course is being served, peaches should be pared and
split, and the stones removed. Lay in a glass bowl and sprinkle
liberally with powdered sugar. No fruit should be sweetened till just
before eating. Ornament the edges of the bowl with any handsome,
glossy leaves convenient, and serve with cream.--_Mrs. S. T._


Should never be washed unless sand or earth adheres to them. Cap
carefully while the first course is being served, or, if more
convenient, you may cap in the morning, but never sweeten till just
before eating, as sweetening long beforehand extracts the juice and
makes the fruit tough. Set it on ice, or in a refrigerator. No ice
must be put on fruit. Serve with cream that has been set on ice.
Decorate the edges of the bowl with strawberry leaves.

The same directions will apply to raspberries, blackberries, and
dewberries. Whortleberries may be washed, picked, and drained, though
not sweetened till dinner.--_Mrs. S. T._


Always make preserves in a porcelain or brass kettle. If the latter,
have it scoured first with sand, then with salt and vinegar. Then
scald it and put in the sugar and water for the syrup.

In peeling fruit, throw it into cold water to keep it from turning
dark, and let it remain there till you are ready to throw it in the
boiling syrup. Bear in mind that exposure to the air turns peeled
fruit dark.

Boil rather quickly. In preserving fruit whole, boil it a short time
in the syrup, take it out, let it get cold, and then put it again in
the kettle.

Cut sugar is best for preserves which you wish to be clear and
light-colored, but nice brown sugar is best for dark-colored jams and
marmalades, such as those made of blackberries, raspberries,
whortleberries, etc.

The best peaches for preserving, brandying, or pickling, are white
freestone peaches, not quite ripe enough to eat with cream. Pears and
quinces also should be preserved before they are quite ripe enough for
eating. They should be parboiled before eating. No fruit should be
over-ripe when preserved. Damsons and blue plums should be slit
lengthwise with a pen knife, and set in the sun before preserving,
which will render it easy to extract the stones. Cherries also should
be stoned before preserving. A piece of paper dipped in brandy and
laid on top the preserves will help to keep them. I would suggest to
housekeepers that they always put their preserves in glass jars with
screw tops. By this means they can readily inspect it and see if it is
keeping well, without the trouble of untying the jar and looking
inside, as would be necessary in the case of stone jars.

Set the jar of preserves, if they become dry or candied, in a pot of
cold water, which allow to come gradually to a boil. If the preserves
ferment, boil them over with more sugar.

The great secret of making nice fruit jelly is to boil the syrup well
before adding the sugar (which should always be loaf or cut), and you
should allow a pound of sugar to a pint of the juice in acid fruit
jellies, though less will answer for sweet fruit. By boiling the syrup
well before adding the sugar, the flavor and color of the fruit are
retained. Keep the jelly in small, common glasses.


Cut the rind in any shapes fancied (such as flowers, fruits, leaves,
grapes, fish, etc.), put it in brine strong enough to float an egg,
cover closely with grape leaves, and set away the jar. When ready to
make the preserves, soak the rind in fresh water, changing it till all
taste of salt is removed from the rind. Dissolve four tablespoonfuls
pulverized alum in one gallon water. Lay the rind in this, covered
closely with grape or cabbage leaves. Simmer till it becomes a pretty
green, then soak out the alum by throwing the rind in soft water.

Pour boiling water on half a pound white ginger, and let it stand
long enough to soften sufficiently to slice easily in thin pieces
(retaining the shapes of the races as much as possible). Then boil it
an hour in half a gallon water, and add one ounce mace and two pounds
best cut sugar. This makes a thin syrup, in which boil the rind gently
for half an hour, adding water to keep the rind covered with syrup.

Set the kettle away for four days and then boil again as before,
adding two pounds sugar and more water, if necessary. Repeat the
boiling six or seven times, till the syrup is rich and thick and
sufficient to cover the rind.

The quantity of seasoning given above is for three gallons rind. Allow
two pounds sugar to each pound fruit. This sweetmeat keeps
indefinitely and never ferments.--_Mrs. F. M. C._


Weigh twelve pounds rind, previously soaked in brine, and the salt
extracted by fresh water, parboil, put on with twelve pounds sugar
made into a thin syrup, and boil to pieces. Add the peelings of twelve
oranges and twelve lemons, previously soaked in water, cut in strips
and boiled extremely soft, the water being changed three times while
boiling. Stir constantly from the bottom with a batter-cake turner.
Cook very thick. Put in wide-mouthed glass jars.--_Mrs. S. T._


During the summer, peel and slice indifferent cantaleupes (such as you
do not care to eat), especially such as are not quite ripe. Throw them
into brine, together with your thickest watermelon rinds, peeling off
the outside skin. When you have enough, weigh them, throw them in
fresh water, which change daily till the salt is extracted. Boil in a
preserving kettle till soft enough to pierce with a straw. Make a
syrup, allowing one pound sugar for each pound fruit. When it boils,
put the rind in it and simmer steadily till the rind is transparent
and the syrup thick. When cool, add the juice and grated rind of
twelve lemons. Let it stand in a bowl several days. Then strain the
syrup (which will have become thin), boil it again, pour over the
rind, and put the preserves in glass jars with screw tops.--_Mrs. S.


Peel and slice the melons, soak them twenty-four hours in salt water,
twenty-four hours in alum water, and twenty-four hours in fresh water,
changing the latter several times. Then make a strong ginger tea, in
which boil them slowly till they taste of ginger.

Make a syrup, allowing a pound and a half sugar to each pound fruit,
and adding mace and sliced ginger (the latter must be soaked in
boiling water twelve hours before it is wanted). Cook the melon in the
syrup till clear and tender. You may use sliced lemons as a seasoning
instead of ginger.--_Mrs. R. L._


Parboil the pineapples, then peel and cut in thick slices, carefully
taking out the cores, which, if allowed to remain, will cause the
preserves to ferment. Put a pound of sugar to a pound of fruit, and
let it remain all night to make the syrup. Boil then till done,
without adding a drop of water to the syrup. --_Mrs. F. C._


Peel a thin rind off the oranges and make a hole in each end, getting
out all the seed. Pour boiling water over them and let them stand till
next morning. If the water tastes bitter, search for seed. Pour
boiling water over them every day, as long as the bitterness remains.
Boil till soft enough to run a straw through them. Add a pound and a
half sugar to each pound fruit. Make a thin syrup of half the sugar,
and boil the oranges in it a short time. Let them stand in the syrup
three days, then pour the syrup from the fruit, put the rest of the
sugar to it, and boil it down thick. Then pour it over the fruit. A
few lemons added is a great improvement.--_Mrs. J. H._


Peel the oranges, taking all the seed and tough skin out of them. Cut
the peel in small pieces, put in cold water and boil till tender. Make
a syrup, one pound sugar to one pint water. Put a pound of the oranges
(mixed with the peel) to a pint of the syrup, and boil all for two
hours.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._


The day before making, peel one dozen oranges (no matter how sour and
indifferent). Throw the peel in a bucket of water, take out the seed,
cut up the pulp fine with a pair of old scissors. Then take the peel,
cut it in thin strips and throw it into fresh water. Pare and slice
pippins (or any other nice apple). Weigh six pounds of them, stew with
a little water till perfectly done, and set away. Next day, run this
pulp through a colander into a preserving kettle. Add six pounds sugar
and boil slowly, constantly scraping from the bottom.

Take the orange peel (which should have been left in soak all night),
boil till perfectly soft and free from bitterness, changing the water
three times while boiling. In another preserving kettle, simmer this
with the orange pulp and two pounds sugar. When both are nearly done,
turn the oranges into the apples and cook them very thick. Cool in a
bowl, and then put in a glass jar with a screw top.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take large, firm lemons, not quite ripe, cut in slices one-quarter
inch thick, and take out the seed. Soak in brine a week. Then soak
several days in clear water, changing the water twice a day. When all
the salt and the bitter taste are extracted, weigh the lemons and boil
till tender enough to pierce with a straw. Make a thin syrup, allowing
one pound of sugar to each pound of fruit. Put the lemons in and let
them simmer slowly a good many hours. Pour into a large bowl and let
it remain there several days. At the end of that time strain the syrup
(which will have become thin), put the lemons in it again, and boil
till they jelly. When cool put in a glass jar with a screw top. The
same recipe may be used for oranges.--_Mrs. S. T._


Every housekeeper should keep a large jar, or other nice vessel,
filled with brine, in which she may throw lemon peels after being
deprived of the grated rind and juice, used for creams, jellies, etc.
These may remain any length of time, to suit one's convenience. Before
preserving, soak in pure water till all the taste of salt is
extracted. Boil till soft enough to pierce with a straw. Then put in a
preserving kettle nine pounds cut sugar and one quart water. As soon
as it boils, add six pounds lemon peel and three pounds nice sliced
apples (pippins are best). Boil till very thick.--_Mrs. S. T._


May be made of lemon peel, prepared exactly by the above recipe. Put
the peel in a preserving kettle and keep covered, while boiling in
clear water, till you can run a straw through it. Then throw it into a
rich syrup (one pound sugar to one of lemon peel), and boil a long
time. Put in a bowl till the next day; then take the syrup (which will
be somewhat thin) and boil again till very thick. Pour it over the
lemon, and when cold it will be jellied.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pare white freestone peaches, not quite ripe. Split in half, take out
the stones, and throw the peaches in a bucket of water to prevent them
from turning dark. Make a syrup of white sugar, using as many pounds
of sugar as you have pounds of peaches. When it has boiled thick, put
in as many peaches as will cover the bottom of the kettle. Let them
boil till nearly done; then take them out, one by one, in a perforated
spoon. Lay them in dishes and set in the sun. When all the peaches
have been carried through this process, put back the first dish of
peaches in the kettle, taking them out when a pretty amber color, and
so on till all have been boiled twice. Meantime the peach-kernels
should have been scalded and skinned. Put them in the boiling syrup,
which must be kept on the fire till very thick. Put the peaches when
cool in glass jars, and pour the syrup over them. In a few days
examine, and if the syrup has become thin, boil again.--_Mrs. S. T._

_Peach Preserves._

Pare, and add to a pound of peaches one and one-quarter pounds best
sugar. Cook very fast for a few moments, in a porcelain kettle. Turn
out in a bowl, cover with muslin or cambric, set in the sun, stirring
every day till they seem quite transparent. They retain their flavor
much better this way than when cooked on the fire. Put in jars, cover
with paper saturated with brandy, and tie up tightly to exclude the
air.--_Mrs. P. W._


Boil twelve pounds soft peaches in a little water. When reduced to a
pulp, run through a colander and boil again till very thick,
constantly scraping from the bottom. Add half a pound sugar to one
pound fruit. Cool in a bowl, and then put in glass jars with screw
tops. Pear marmalade may be made by the same recipe, and also apple
marmalade, except that you flavor the last with lemon juice and
rind.--_Mrs. S. T._


For twelve pounds large freestone Heath peaches, not quite ripe and
delicately pared, make a syrup of four pounds sugar. Scald a few
peaches at a time in the syrup, till all have gone through this
process. Place on dishes to cool. Then put in glass jars and add
enough good whiskey or brandy to the syrup to cover the peaches. Any
spirit will do, if strong enough. Add a few blanched peach-kernels. In
a few days see if more liquor or sugar is required. If so, drain off
the syrup, add what is needed, and pour again over the fruit. It is a
mistake to put too much sugar. Always use freestone peaches.--_Mrs. S.

_Brandy Peaches._

Put the peaches (a few at a time) in boiling lye. Let them remain five
minutes, to loosen the fur. Then take them out and wipe perfectly
clean and white. Then drop them in cold water. Boil them gently in a
rich syrup till a straw will pierce them. Then put in a jar, and mix
equal parts of French brandy with the syrup. Carefully exclude the
air.--_Mrs. G. N._


Scald the fruit, but do not let it remain till it comes to pieces.
Boil till clear, in a syrup made of as many pounds of sugar as you
have of fruit.--_Mrs. J. J. A._


Pare and slice pippins. Put to each pound apples half a pound sugar,
and to every eight pounds thus sweetened one quart water, a few
cloves, the thin rind and juice of a lemon. Stew till clear, and eat
with cream.--_Mrs. B. J. B._


Stew and mash well three pounds pippins, then add three pounds sugar.
Just before they are done, add a few drops lemon juice. Put in moulds
and it will keep two years. Turned out and sliced, it is a nice dish
for tea. Quinces are as nice as apples, prepared this way.--_Mrs. B.
J. B._


Put the crab apples in a kettle, with some alum, keeping them
scalding hot for an hour. Take them out, skin and extract the seed
with a small knife, leaving on the stems. Put them in cold water
awhile, then take them out, wipe them and put them in a syrup made of
as many pounds sugar as you have of fruit. Let them stew gently till
they look clear, then take them out and let the syrup boil longer.
Siberian crabs may be preserved in the same way, except that they are
not peeled and cored.


Pour boiling water over them and let them remain till the skin rubs
off easily. Then peel them and cut off the fair slices. To each pound
put twelve ounces sugar, and let them stew together till the syrup is
sufficiently thick.

Quince preserves may be made by the same recipe as that used for


With a sharp penknife, cut a long slit lengthwise in each damson.
Spread in dishes and set in the sun till the seed comes out readily.
Then boil till thoroughly done in a thick syrup made of as many pounds
sugar as there are pounds of damsons.

Preserve green gage plums and other plums by the same recipe.--_Miss


Seed the grapes, then pour scalding water on them and let them stand
till cold; then draw off the water, put one pound sugar to one pound
of grapes, and boil gently about twenty minutes.--_Mrs. A. D._


Wash, pick and stone the cherries, saving the juice. Allow one pound
sugar to each pound fruit. Boil the juice and sugar to a thick syrup,
then put in half the cherries and stew till nearly done. Take them out
with a perforated spoon and lay on dishes. Pat in the other half, let
them stew as long as the first; then take out and lay in dishes.
Meantime boil the syrup gently. When the cherries are cool, put them
again in the syrup and boil a short time. Pour in a large bowl and
cool, then put in glass jars and cover tightly.

Scarlet short stems and large wax cherries are best for
preserving.--_Mrs. S. T._


Cap the berries. Put one and a half pounds sugar to each pound fruit.
Let them stand two or three hours, and then boil thirty minutes.


Cap and wash the berries, and put them on to stew with a very small
quantity of water. Stir constantly. When thoroughly done and mashed to
a soft pulp, add one pound sugar to each pound fruit. The advantage of
adding sugar last is that it preserves the color and flavor of the
fruit. Stew till sufficiently thick, scraping constantly from the
bottom with a batter-cake turner.--_Mrs. S. T._


Wash and pick the berries, boil with a little water, mashing and
scraping from the bottom as they simmer. When reduced to a thick pulp,
add one-half pound sugar to each pound berries. Stew till very thick,
scraping constantly from the bottom. Cool in a large bowl, then put in
a glass jar with screw top. Blackberry, Dewberry, and Whortleberry Jam
may be made by the same recipe.


Pick the figs fully ripe the evening before. Cut off about half the
stem, and let them soak all night in very weak salt and water. Drain
off the salt water in the morning and cover them with fresh. Make a
thick syrup, allowing three-quarters pound loaf sugar to each pound
fruit. When it boils, drop the figs carefully in and let them cook
till they look clear. When done take from the fire and season with
extract of lemon or ginger.

The figs must not be peeled, as the salt water removes the roughness
from the skin and keeps the fruit firm and hard.--_Miss A. S._

TOMATO PRESERVES (_either ripe or green_).

The day before preserving, peel and weigh eight pounds pale yellow,
pear-shaped or round tomatoes, not quite ripe; spread on dishes
alternate layers of tomato and sugar, mixing with the latter the
grated rind and juice of four lemons. In the morning, drain off the
juice and sugar and boil to a thick syrup. Drop in half the tomatoes
and boil till transparent. Take up with a perforated spoon and put on
dishes to cool. Then carry the other half through exactly the same
process. Then strain the juice, wash the kettle, and put in the juice
again. When it boils hard, put in again the first boiled tomatoes.
Take them out when they become amber color, and put in the rest. When
they are all boiled to an amber color, and cooled on dishes, put them
in half-gallon glass jars, and add the syrup after it has been boiled
to a thick jelly.--_Mrs. S. T._


Slice the tomatoes and soak them a day and night in salt and water,
then in fresh water for an hour or two, then scald in alum water with
grape leaves. When taken out of alum water, put in cold water to cook.
Scald in ginger-tea and again put in cold water, while you make the
syrup. To each pound tomatoes put one and a quarter pounds sugar and a
few races of white ginger. Cook the tomatoes till clear, the syrup
till thick. When cool, season the syrup with essence of lemon and pour
over the tomatoes.--_Mrs. C. M._


For fruit not very acid, weigh one-quarter of a pound white sugar to
one pound fruit perfectly ripe. After sprinkling the fruit with sugar,
put it in a preserving kettle and let it just come to a boil. Then put
it quickly in glass self-sealing cans, being careful to screw down
the tops tightly.--_Mrs. Dr. E. T. R._


Preserve the fruit, then dip it in sugar boiled to a candied
thickness, and dry it. Grapes and some other fruits may be dipped in


Wash and dry ten lemons. Pare the yellow rind off clear of the white,
and beat it in a mortar with double its weight of sugar. Pack closely
in a jar and cover with part of the sugar.--_Mrs. T._


Cut the peel in long, thin strips, and stew in water till all
bitterness is extracted. Drain off this water and stew again in a
thick syrup, allowing one pound sugar to each pound peel. Put away in
a cool place for flavoring puddings, pies, etc.


Pare the peaches and cut from the stone in thick slices. Make a syrup,
allowing three-quarters pound sugar to each pound fruit. Boil the
peaches and put them on dishes to dry. As they dry, roll them in
granulated sugar, and pack in jars or boxes.--_Mrs. W. P._


Five pounds white sugar; one quart water. Let it boil two or three
minutes, then add two pounds strained honey. It will keep for
months.--_Mrs. D. C._


Crush one quart blackberries with one pound best loaf sugar. Cook it
over a gentle fire till thick, then add one gill best brandy. Stir it
while over the fire, then put it in pots.--_Mrs. E._


Press the juice from the currants and strain it. To one pint juice
put one pound white sugar. Mix together till the sugar is dissolved.
Then put them in jars, seal them and expose them to a hot sun two or
three days.--_Mrs. E._


Pick ripe currants from the stem, and put them in a stone jar. Then
set the jar in an iron pot and let the fruit boil till the juice is
extracted. Pour in a flannel bag and let it drip through--without
squeezing, however, as this makes it cloudy.

To each pint of juice add one pound good white sugar. Boil about
twenty minutes and keep it well skimmed. Put in the glasses while hot,
and sun daily.--_Mrs. P. W._


Wash and pick the cranberries, put them in the preserving kettle with
a very small quantity of water, cover closely and stew till done. Pour
through a jelly bag or coarse towel, without squeezing, as this will
prevent it from being clear. Measure and pour the liquid into the
preserving kettle. Let it boil up and remove the scum, then add the
sugar, cut or loaf, one pound to a pint. Boil about twenty minutes, or
until it jellies. It preserves the color of fruit jellies to add the
sugar as late as possible.--_Mrs. S. T._


Take half a peck of pippin apples, wash them clean, slice them from
the core, put them in a preserving kettle with a quart of water. Boil
till entirely soft, then strain through a flannel bag. To each pint of
juice add one pound white sugar and the juice of three lemons. Boil
till jellied. Do not stir while boiling.--_Mrs. P. W._

_Apple Jelly._

Pare and stew sour, juicy apples (Greenings are best), in enough water
to cover them. Strain as for currant jelly. Allow a pound of sugar
for each pound of juice. Put them together and strain. Boil four or
five minutes, skimming thoroughly.--_Mrs. M. B. B._

_Apple Jelly._

Take any number of juicy apples, put them in a porcelain kettle, and
boil to rags. Then strain them through a cloth or sieve. Put a pound
of loaf sugar to each pint of the juice, and boil till it jellies.
Flavor with the seed beaten in a mortar, and put in while the apples
are cooking.--_Mrs. G. W._


Slice the apples, take out the cores and seed, as they make the jelly
bitter. Put them in a kettle cover with water, and boil till quite
soft, keeping it well skimmed. Pour the pulp in a jelly bag, and let
it drip through. To each pint of juice, add one pound and a half of
sugar. Pour in the glasses while hot. Delicious with meats.--_Mrs. P.


Make the same as apple jelly, only do not pare or core the fruit, as
much of the jelly is contained in those parts. Or, you may take the
sound parings and cores, stew them and strain the liquor twice, and
you will have a jelly as nice as that made from the fruit. To each
pound of juice allow one pound of sugar. Boil fifteen minutes.--_Mrs.
M. B. B._


Grate the rinds of two Seville and two China oranges, and two lemons.
Squeeze the juice of six oranges and three lemons. Add one and a
quarter pounds of loaf sugar and one-quarter of a pint of water, and
boil till it jellies. Have ready a quart of isinglass jelly, made
quite stiff. Put it to the syrup and let it boil up once. Then strain
it and put it in a mould.--_Mrs. V. P. M._


Dissolve one package gelatine in one cup cold water, afterwards adding
two cups boiling water to thoroughly dissolve it. Add then three cups
white sugar, one-quarter teaspoonful cinnamon, grated rind of three
oranges, juice of twelve fine oranges. Strain through a flannel bag
into a pitcher, without shaking or squeezing. Extract the pulp from
the orange, by making a hole in one end of it large enough to admit a
mustard spoon. Soak the rind a few hours, and then pour the jelly into
each orange through the hole at the end. Then set aside to congeal.
Garnish with orange leaves. Cut each orange in two. A very ornamental
dish.--_Mrs. McG._


Gather Catawba grapes before ripening. Pick them from the stem, wash
them, and put them in a stone jar. Set the jar in a kettle of cold
water over a hot fire. When the juice comes out of the grapes, take
the kettle off and strain the grapes. To each pint of juice put one
pound of the best loaf sugar. Boil twenty minutes in the kettle. Ripe
grape jelly may be made in the same way.--_Mrs. E._


The chief art in making jelly is to boil it continuously, slowly and
gently. It will not harden well if the boiling stops, even for a few
moments. To preserve the true color and flavor of fruit in jellies or
jams, boil well before adding the sugar; in this way the water
contained in all fruit juices is evaporated. Heat the sugar before
adding it. In making grape jelly, pick the grapes from their stems,
wash them, put them over the fire in a vessel containing a little
water, to keep them from burning. Stew a few moments; mash gently with
a silver spoon, strain, and to every pint of juice, allow one pound of
white sugar. After the juice comes to the boiling point, boil twenty
minutes, pour it over the heated sugar, and stir constantly till all
is dissolved. Then fill the jelly glasses.--_J. I. M._


Fruit jellies may be preserved from mouldiness by covering the surface
one-quarter of an inch deep with finely pulverized loaf sugar. Thus
protected, they will keep for years.--_Mrs. R. C. M. W._


Take ripe tomatoes, peel them carefully, cutting out all the seams and
rough places. To every pound put half a pound of sugar. Season with
white ginger and mace. Boil to a stiff jelly, then add enough good
cider vinegar to keep it.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


Two cupfuls sugar, one cupful water, one wineglassful vinegar, one
tablespoonful butter. Cook ten or fifteen minutes.--_Mrs. Dr. J._

_Sugar Candy._

Three cupfuls sugar, half a cupful vinegar, half a cupful water, juice
of one lemon. Boil without stirring, till brittle. Pour on a buttered
dish and pull till white and light.--_Mrs. McG._


Whisk the whites of four eggs to a stiff froth and stir in half a
pound sifted white sugar. Flavor as you like. Lay it when stiff in
heaps the size of a small egg, on white paper. Lay on a board half an
inch thick and put in a hot oven. When a little yellowish, slip off
two of the kisses with a knife and join the bottom parts together.
Continue till all are thus prepared.--_Mrs. R._


Make sugar candy by one of the foregoing receipts, but instead of
pouring it into a dish, drop it at intervals over a buttered dish. On
each bit of candy thus dropped, lay half the kernel of an English
walnut, and when a little cool, pour half a spoonful of sugar candy on
top. Candy of almonds, pecans, or palm nuts may be made by the same
recipe.--_Mrs. S. T._


Two pounds of sugar, half a cup water, two tablespoonfuls vinegar, one
tablespoonful butter. Boil twenty minutes. Season with lemon or
vanilla, just as you take it off. Put in a dish and stir till
cold.--_Mrs. McN._


Boil one quart molasses in a rather deep vessel. Boil steadily,
stirring from sides and bottom. When a little, poured in a glass of
cold water, becomes brittle, it is done. Pour in a buttered dish and
pull as soon as cool enough to handle, or you may stir in, when it is
nearly done, some picked kernels of the common black walnut. Boil a
little longer, pour on a buttered dish, and cut in squares just before
it gets cold.--_Mrs. S. T._


One cake (half a pound) of Baker's chocolate broken up, four pounds
brown sugar, half a pound fresh butter, one pint of milk. Pour the
milk in a preserving kettle and pour the other ingredients into this.
Let it boil at least half an hour, stirring frequently. When done, a
crust of sugar will form on the spoon and on the side of the kettle.
Pour in a large tablespoonful extract of vanilla, take from the fire
and stir rapidly till it begins to thicken like mush. Then pour
quickly into buttered dishes or pans, and when nearly cold cut into
small squares.--_Mrs. S. T._


Three pounds white sugar, half a pound of chocolate, one pint milk,
six ounces of butter. Boil three-quarters of an hour and stir
constantly.--_Mrs. R. C._


Two and one-half pounds of sugar, three-quarters pound of chocolate,
one quarter pound of butter, half a pint of milk or cream.--_Mrs. W.
C. R._


One cupful of cream, with enough white sugar to thicken it. Boil till
thick, and when cold, roll up in little balls and put them on a dish
on which has been poured some melted chocolate. Then pour over them
with a spoon some melted chocolate. When quite cool, cut apart and
trim off the edges, if uneven. This cream should be seasoned with a
few drops of vanilla and the dish should be buttered.--_Miss N._


One-quarter pound Baker's chocolate (half cake), one-quarter pound
butter, two pounds nice brown sugar, one teacup rich milk. Stew half
an hour or till thick. Add a grated cocoanut. Stir till it begins to
boil again. Take from the fire, stir in a tablespoonful vanilla, and
pour into buttered dishes. When cool enough to handle, make into
balls, the size of a walnut and place on buttered dishes.--_Mrs. S.

_Cocoanut Caramels._

Pour a teacup of boiling milk over one-quarter cake of pounded
chocolate. Let it steep an hour, then add one and one-quarter pounds
of white sugar, and the milk of a cocoanut. Boil till perfectly done.
Then remove from the fire, adding the grated cocoanut. Season with
vanilla, pour in buttered dishes, and cut in blocks.--_Mrs. W. C._


Wet two pounds of sugar with the milk of a cocoanut. Boil and stir
till it begins to granulate. Then stir in the cocoanut grated fine.
Boil a short time longer, then pour into buttered dishes, and as soon
as it can be handled make into balls.--_Mrs. J. M._


The white part of a grated cocoanut, whites of four eggs well beaten,
one-half pound sifted white sugar. Flavor with rose water or lemon.
Mix all as thick as can be stirred; lay in heaps half an inch apart,
on paper or on a baking-pan, in a hot oven. Take them out when they
begin to look yellowish.--_Mrs. R._


One-half pound almonds, blanched and pounded, with a teaspoonful
essence of lemon, till a smooth paste. Add an equal quantity of sifted
white sugar and the whites of two eggs. Work well together with a
spoon. Dip your hand into water and work them into balls the size of a
nutmeg. Lay them on white paper an inch apart, then dip your hand in
water and smooth them. Put them in a slow oven for three-quarters of
an hour. Cocoanut may be used instead of almonds.--_Mrs. M. G. H._


Be sure to get perfectly ripe fruit for making wine, but do not gather
it immediately after rain, as it is watery then and less sweet than

Be very careful to stop the wine securely as soon as fermentation
ceases, as otherwise it will lose its strength and flavor. Watch
carefully to see when fermentation ceases.

Strawberry wine makes a delicious flavoring for syllabub, cake, jelly,
etc., and so does gooseberry wine. Dewberries make a prettier and
better wine than blackberries, and have all the medicinal virtues of
the latter.

The clearest wine is made without straining, by the following process:
Take a tub or barrel (a flour-barrel for instance), and make a little
pen of sticks of wood at the bottom. On top of this pen lay an armful
of clean straw. Bore a hole in the side of the tub or barrel as near
the bottom as possible, and set it on a stool or box so as to admit of
setting a vessel underneath it. After mashing the berries intended for
wine, put them on top the straw, and let the juice drain through it
and run through the hole at the side of the tub or barrel into the
vessel set beneath to catch it. Be careful to have this vessel large
enough to avoid its being overrun. Any open stone vessel not used
before for pickle will answer, or a bucket or other wooden vessel may
be used. Let the berries remain on the straw and drain from evening
till the next morning. Some persons make a slight variation on the
process above described, by pouring hot water over the berries after
putting them on the straw. After the draining is over, an inferior
sort of wine may be made by squeezing the berries.

The following process will make wine perfectly clear: To a half-gallon
of wine put two wine-glasses of sweet milk. Stir it into the wine and
pour it all in a transparent half-gallon bottle. Stop it and set it by
for twenty-four hours, at the end of which time the wine will be
beautifully clear, the sediment settling with the milk at the bottom.
Pour off the wine carefully into another bottle, not allowing any of
the sediment or milk to get into the fresh bottle. The same directions
apply to vinegar.


Fill large stone jars with ripe black or dewberries. Cover them with
water, mash them, and let them stand several hours, or, if freshly
gathered, let them stand all night. Then strain through a thick cloth
and add three pounds white sugar to each gallon of juice. Let the wine
stand a few days in the jars, stirring and skimming each day. Put it
in a demijohn, but do not cork it up for some time.--_Mrs. M. D._

_Blackberry Wine._

Measure the berries and bruise them; to every gallon adding one quart
of boiling water. Let it stand twenty-four hours, stirring
occasionally; then strain off the liquor into a cask, adding two
pounds sugar to every gallon. Cork tight and let it stand till the
following October, when it will be ready for use without further
boiling or straining.

_Blackberry Wine._

One bushel very ripe berries makes ten gallons wine. Mash the berries
as fine as possible and pour over them a water-bucket of clear spring
water. Cover it and let it stand twenty-four hours to ferment. Next
day strain through a cloth, and to every three quarts juice add two
quarts clear cold water and five pounds common brown sugar. Pour in a
demijohn or runlet, reserving some to fill the vessel as fermentation
goes on. After six or eight days, put to every ten gallons one-half
box gelatine. After two weeks, cover the bung-hole with a piece of
muslin. Two or three weeks later, cork tightly and then leave
undisturbed for six months. After that time, bottle and seal. Superior
currant wine may be made by this recipe.--_Mrs. F._

_Blackberry Wine._

Fill a large stone jar with the ripe fruit and cover it with water.
Tie a cloth over the jar and let them stand three or four days to
ferment; then mash and press them through a cloth. To every gallon of
juice add three pounds of brown sugar. Return the mixture to the jar
and cover closely. Skim it every morning for more than a week, until
it clears from the second fermentation. When clear, pour it carefully
from the sediment into a demijohn. Cork tightly, set in a cool place,
When two months old it will be fit for use.--_Mrs. Gen. R. E. Lee._

[Copied from a recipe in Mrs. Lee's own handwriting.]


Take any convenient quantity of perfectly ripe grapes. Mash them so as
to break all the skins, and put them in a tub or other clean vessel,
and let them remain twenty-four hours; with a cider-press or other
convenient apparatus, express all the juice, and to each gallon of
juice thus obtained add from two to two and a half pounds of white
sugar (if the grapes are sweet, two pounds will be enough), put the
juice and sugar in a keg or barrel, and cover the bung-hole with a
piece of muslin, so the gas can escape and dust and insects cannot get
in; let it remain perfectly quiet until cold weather, then bung up
tightly. This wine will need no clarifying; if allowed to rest
perfectly still it can be drawn off perfectly clear.--_Mr. W. A. S._

_Grape Wine._

Pick the grapes from the bunch, mash thoroughly, and let them stand
twenty-four hours. Then strain and add three pounds of sugar to every
gallon of juice. Leave in a cask six months, and then bottle, putting
three raisins in each bottle.--_Mrs. R. L._

_Grape Wine._

Press the grapes, and when the juice settles, add two pounds of white
sugar to four quarts of juice. Let it stand twenty-four hours, drain,
put in a cask; do not stop tightly till the fermentation is
over.--_Mrs. R. A._


Mash ripe grapes to a pulp, and let them stand twenty-four hours. Then
squeeze through a cloth, and add two pounds of sugar to each gallon of
pure juice. Put in a cask, leave the bung out, and put coarse muslin
over the hole to admit the air. Let it stand six weeks, or till
fermentation ceases. Then close the mouth of the cask and let the wine
stand several months, after which it may be drawn off.--_Mrs. R. D._

_Catawba Grape Wine._

To every gallon of grape juice add one quart of cold, clear water, and
three pounds of "A" sugar. Pour into a runlet and let it remain
uncorked fourteen days, and then cork loosely. Add half a box gelatine
to every ten gallons, fourteen days after making it. At the end of a
month tighten the cork, then let it remain undisturbed for six months,
after which it may be carefully racked, bottled, and sealed.--_Mrs.
Dr. E._


To every bushel of fox grapes add twenty-two quarts of water. Mash the
fruit and let it stand twenty-four hours. Strain through a linen or
fine sieve that will prevent the seed from getting through. To every
gallon of juice add two pounds of brown sugar. Fill the cask not quite
full. Let it stand open fourteen days, and then close the bung.--_Mrs.
Gen. R. E. Lee._

[The above was copied from an autograph recipe of Mrs. Lee's, kindly
furnished by her daughter.]


Pick the grapes from the stem and cover with water. Mash and strain
immediately. Add three pounds white sugar to one gallon juice. Garden
grape wine is made in the same way. If you prefer a red wine, let the
water stand on the grapes all night. The light wine is the best,

This wine has to be kept much longer than blackberry wine before it is
fit for use.--_Mrs. M. D._


Pick all the perfect grapes from the bunches, wash them and pack them
down in a wooden or stone vessel. Pour over them boiling water--about
one quart to every bushel of grapes. Tie a cloth over them and let
them stand a week or ten days. Then strain it and add three pounds
sugar to every gallon juice, mixing it well. Put in demijohns and tie
a cloth over the top. Let it stand six months, and then cork it
tightly. The wine will be fit for use in nine months.--_Mrs. Dr. S._


To every gallon of gooseberries add three pints of boiling water. Let
it stand two days, then mash and squeeze out the juice, to every
gallon of which add three pounds of sugar. Put it in a cask and draw
off about the usual time of drawing off other wines.--_Mrs. R. T. H.


Put three pounds of brown sugar to every squeezed gallon of currants.
Add a gallon of water, or two, if juice is scarce. It is better to put
it in an old wine-cask and let it stand a year before you draw it
off.--_Mrs. Gen. R. E. Lee._

[Copied from a recipe in her own handwriting.]

_Currant Wine._

Mash the currants well and strain through a linen towel. Add a gallon
of water to every gallon of juice. Allow three pounds sugar to every
gallon of the mixture. Put in a cask and cork loosely till
fermentation is over. Bottle in September.--_Mrs. Dr. S._

_Currant Wine._

To one gallon well picked and washed currants, add one gallon water.
Let it stand twenty-four hours, then strain through a flax linen
cloth. Add to a gallon of juice and water three pounds brown sugar.
Let it stand fourteen days in a clean, open cask.--_Mrs. Dr. E._


Measure the berries and bruise them, adding to every gallon one quart
boiling water. Let it stand twenty-four hours, stirring occasionally.
Then strain off the liquor, put in a jar, adding two pounds sugar to
every gallon. Stop tightly, and let it stand till the next October,
when it will be fit for use without straining or boiling.


Mash the berries and add to each gallon of fruit a half-gallon boiling
water. Let it stand twenty-four hours, then strain and add three
pounds brown sugar to each gallon juice. Let it stand thirty-six
hours, skimming the impurities that rise to the top. Put in a cask,
reserving some to add as it escapes from the cask. Fill each morning.
Cork and seal tightly after the fermentation is over.--_Mrs. E._


One gallon juice of sour oranges, four gallons water, twenty pounds
sugar. Boil it and clarify with the whites of two eggs; skim the
liquid till the scum has disappeared. Pour into a vessel of suitable
size, taking the precaution to first strain it through flannel. Add
three-quarters of a bottle of raw juice and let it ferment. Bottle in
six months. Put less sugar if you prefer a wine less sweet.--_Mrs. N._


One gallon sweet cider, three pounds sugar. Put in a cask and let it
ferment. Keep the vessel full so that it will run over. Let it stand
fifteen days. Put the corks in a little tighter every day. Let it
stand three months, then bottle and seal up.--_Mrs. E. B._


Pick small, ripe tomatoes off the stems, put them in a clean bucket or
tub, mash well, and strain through a linen rag (a bushel will make
five gallons of juice). Add from two and a half to three pounds brown
sugar to each gallon. Put in a cask and let it ferment like raspberry
wine. If two gallons water be added to a bushel of tomatoes, the wine
will be as good.--_Mrs. A. D._


To each egg one tablespoonful of sugar, one wine-glassful of milk, one
wine-glassful of liquor. The sugar and yolks to be well beaten
together, and the whites (well beaten) added by degrees. To twelve
eggs, put eight glassfuls of brandy and four of wine. Put the liquor
in the yolks and sugar, stirring slowly all the time; then add the
whites, and lastly the milk.--_Mrs. F._


Three dozen eggs, three pounds of sugar, half a gallon of brandy, half
a pint of French brandy, half a gallon of milk. Beat the yolks and
whites separately. Stir the sugar thoroughly into the yolks, add the
brandy slowly so as to cook the eggs, then add the milk, and lastly
the whites, with grated nutmeg, reserving enough for top-dressing.
--_Mrs. P. W._


Take any number of eggs you wish, beat the whites and yolks separately
and as light as possible. Stir into the yolks, while beating, a
tablespoonful of sugar to each egg. Then pour on the yolks and sugar a
small wine-glassful of wine, flavored with a little vanilla, to each
egg. On that pour a wine-glassful of rich milk or cream to each egg.
Beat the whites as if for cake, then beat in enough sugar to make them
smooth and stiff. Stir this into the eggnog for twenty minutes, and
grate nutmeg on the top.--_Mrs. R. C._


Half a gallon of apple brandy, half a pint of French brandy, half a
pint of peach brandy, half a pint of Madeira wine, six apples, baked
without peeling, one pound of sugar, with enough hot water to
dissolve it; spice, if you like. This toddy, bottled after straining,
will keep for years, and improve with age.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._

_Apple Toddy._

One gallon of apple brandy or whiskey, one and a half gallon of hot
water, well sweetened, one dozen large apples, well roasted, two
grated nutmegs, one gill of allspice, one gill of cloves, a pinch of
mace. Season with half a pint of good rum. Let it stand three or four
days before using.--_Col. S._


Make a rich, sweet lemonade, add rum and brandy to taste, only dashing
with brandy. It must be sweet and strong.--_Mrs. D. R._


One pint of strong black tea (in which put the rind of four lemons cut
very thin). Two pounds of sugar, juice of six lemons, juice of six
oranges, one pint of French brandy, one pint of rum, two quarts of
champagne. Serve in a bowl, with plenty of ice.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._


Three cups of strong green tea (in which put the rind of six lemons,
pared very thin), one and one-half pound of sugar, juice of six
lemons. Stir together a few minutes, then strain, and lastly add one
quart of good rum. Fill the glasses with crushed ice when used. It
will keep any length of time bottled. Fine for hot weather.--_Mrs. A.


Grate the rind of four lemons and two oranges upon two pounds of
sugar. Squeeze the juice of these, and let it stand several hours.
Strain them through a sieve. Add one quart of champagne and the
whites of three eggs, beaten very light. Freeze, and serve in hock
glasses.--_Mrs. C. C. McP._

_Roman Punch._

To make a gallon. One and a half pint of lemon juice, rinds of two
lemons grated on sugar, one pint of rum, half a pint of brandy, two
quarts of water, three pounds of loaf sugar. A pint-bottle of
champagne is a great improvement. Mix all together, and freeze.--_Mrs.
B. C. C._


Two quarts blackberry juice, one pound loaf sugar, four grated
nutmegs, one-quarter ounce ground cloves, one-quarter ounce ground
allspice, one-quarter ounce ground cinnamon. Simmer all together, for
thirty minutes, in a stewpan closely covered, to prevent evaporation.
Strain through a cloth when cold and add a pint of the best French
brandy. Soothing and efficacious in the summer complaints of children.
Dose, one teaspoonful poured on a little pounded ice, once or several
times a day, as the case may require.

Whortleberry cordial may be made by the same recipe. Good old whiskey
may be used for either, in the absence of brandy.--_Mrs. Gen. S._

_Blackberry Cordial._

Half a bushel of berries, well mashed, one-quarter pound of allspice
(pulverized), two ounces cloves (pulverized). Mix and boil slowly till
done. Then strain through homespun or flannel, and add one pound white
sugar to each pint of juice. Boil again, and, when cool, add half a
gallon best brandy. Good for diarrhoea or dysentery. Dose, one
teaspoonful or more according to age.-_Mrs. S. B._


To one quart juice put one pound loaf sugar and boil these together
fifteen minutes. When cool, add one gill brandy, one tablespoonful
mace, cloves, and allspice powdered. Bottle and cork tightly.--_Mrs.
A. D._

_Dewberry Cordial._

Two quarts strained juice, one pound loaf sugar, four grated nutmegs,
one-half ounce pulverized cinnamon, one-quarter ounce pulverized
cloves, one-quarter ounce pulverized allspice. Simmer all together for
thirty minutes, in a saucepan tightly covered to prevent evaporation.
Then strain through a cloth, and, when cold, add one pint best French
brandy. Bottle and cork tightly.--_Mrs. D. R._


One gallon apple brandy, four quarts strawberries. After standing
twenty-four hours, press them through a cotton bag, and add four
quarts more of berries. After twenty-four hours more, repeat this
process. To every quart of the cordial add one pound of sugar, or
sweeten it with a syrup made as follows: two pounds sugar, one pint
water, white of one egg whipped a little--all boiled together. When
cold, add one pint syrup to one quart cordial.--_Mrs. C. F. C._


Extract the juice from ripe Morella cherries as you would from
berries. Strain through a cloth, sweeten to your taste, and when
perfectly clear, boil it. Put a gill of brandy in each bottle, cork
and seal tightly. Will keep all the summer in a cool place. Delicious
with iced water.


Take three pounds Morella cherries. Stone half and prick the rest.
Throw into a jar, adding the kernels of half slightly bruised. Add one
pound white sugar. Cover with brandy, and let it stand a month.--_Mrs.


Pick the mint early in the morning while the dew is on it. Do not
bruise it. Pour some water over it, and then drain it off. Put two
handfuls in a pitcher with a quart of French brandy. Cover and let it
stand till next day. Take out the mint carefully, and put in as much
more, which take out next day. Add fresh mint a third time, taking it
out after twenty-four hours. Then add three quarts water and one pound
loaf sugar to the brandy. Mix well, and, when clear, bottle.--_Mrs.
Dr. J._


Put twelve pounds fruit in a pan. Cover it with two quarts water,
having previously acidulated the water with five ounces tartaric acid.
Let it remain forty-eight hours. Then strain, taking care not to
bruise the fruit. To each pint of juice add one pound and a half
powdered sugar. Stir till dissolved, and leave a few days. Then bottle
and cork lightly. If a slight fermentation takes place, leave the
corks out for a few days. The whole process to be cold. When put away,
the bottles must be kept erect.--_Mrs. Col. R._


Dissolve two ounces citric acid in one quart spring water, which pour
over three pounds ripe strawberries. After standing twenty-four hours,
drain the liquor off, and pour it over three pounds more of
strawberries. Let it stand twenty-four hours more, and again drain the
liquor off. Add to the liquor its own weight of sugar. Boil three or
four minutes, put in cool bottles, cork lightly for three days, then
cork tightly and seal.--_Mrs. G._


Four pounds strawberries, three quarts vinegar. Put fresh, ripe
berries in a jar, adding to each pound a pint and a half of fine, pale
white-wine vinegar. Tie a thick paper over them and let them remain
three or four days. Then drain off the vinegar, and pour it over four
pounds fresh fruit. After three days drain it again, and add it a
third time to fresh fruit. After draining the last time, add one pound
refined sugar to each pint of vinegar. When nearly dissolved, stir the
syrup over a fire till it has dissolved (five minutes). Skim it, pour
it in a pitcher, cover it till next day. Then bottle it, and cork it
loosely for the first few days. Use a few spoonfuls to a glass of
water.--_Mrs. E. P. G._


Put a quart red raspberries in a bowl. Pour over them a quart strong
apple vinegar. After standing twenty-four hours, strain through a bag,
and add the liquid to a quart of fresh berries. After twenty-four
hours more, strain again, and add the liquid to a third quart of
berries. After straining the last time, sweeten liberally with pounded
loaf sugar, refine and bottle. Blackberry vinegar may be made by the
same recipe.--_Mrs. C. N._

_Raspberry Vinegar._

Put two quarts ripe, fresh gathered berries in a stone or china
vessel, and pour over them a quart of vinegar. After standing
twenty-four hours, strain through a sieve. Pour the liquid over two
quarts fresh berries, which strain after twenty-four hours. Allow one
pound loaf sugar to each pint of juice. Break up the sugar and let it
melt in the liquid. Put the whole in a stone jar, cover closely, and
set in a kettle of boiling water, which must be kept boiling briskly
an hour. Take off the scum, and, when cold, bottle.--_Miss N. L._


Dissolve five ounces tartaric acid in two quarts water, and pour it
over twelve pounds berries. Let it stand twenty-four hours, and then
strain without bruising the fruit. To each pint clear juice add one
pound and a half dissolved sugar, and leave a few days. If a slight
fermentation takes place, delay corking a few days. Then cork and
seal.--_Mrs. G._


Fill a bottle nearly full of strong cider vinegar. Put in it the rind
of two or three lemons, peeled very thin. In a week or two it will be
ready for use, and will not only make a nice beverage (very much like
lemonade), but will answer for seasoning.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Put one pound and a half white sugar to each pint of juice. Add some
peel, and boil ten minutes, then strain and cork. It makes a fine
beverage, and is useful for flavoring pies and puddings. The juice of
any acid fruit may be made into a syrup by the above recipe.


Make a syrup of one pound sugar to one pint water. Put it aside till
cold. To five pounds sugar put one gill rose-water and two
tablespoonfuls essence of bitter almonds.--_Mrs. I. H._


Twelve quarts water, one quart molasses, one quart strong hop-tea,
one-half pint yeast. Mix well and allow to settle. Strain through a
coarse cloth, and bottle. It will be good in twenty-four hours.--_Mrs.
E. W._


Two ounces tartaric acid, two pounds white sugar, three pints water,
juice of one lemon. Boil all together. When nearly cold, add whites of
three eggs, well beaten, with one-half cupful flour, and one-half
ounce essence wintergreen. Bottle and keep in a cool place. Take two
tablespoonfuls of this mixture for a tumbler of water, in which put
one-quarter teaspoonful soda.--_Mrs. E._


Cut two large lemons in slices and put them in a jar. Add one pound
white sugar and one gallon boiling water. Let it stand till cool; then
add one-quarter cupful yeast. Let it stand till it ferments. Bottle in
the evening in stone jugs and cork tightly.--_Mrs. G. W. P._


One and a half ounce best ground Jamaica ginger, one and a half ounce
cream of tartar, one pound brown sugar, two sliced lemons, four quarts
boiling water, one-half pint yeast. Let it ferment twenty-four hours.
In two weeks it will be ready for use.--_Mrs. G. W. P._


Fifteen gallons water, one gallon bran, one and a half gallon
molasses, one quart corn or oats, one-quarter pound hops. Let it boil
up once; take it off and sweeten with the aforementioned molasses. Put
it in a tub to cool. When a little more than milk warm, add one and a
half pint yeast. Cover it with a blanket till next morning, and then
bottle.--_Mrs. M. P._


To one quart cider take three eggs. Beat them light and add sugar
according to the acidity of the cider. When light, pour the boiling
cider on, stirring briskly. Put back on the fire and stir till it
fairly boils. Then pour off.--_Mr. R. H. M._


To a thirty-gallon cask put one bushel clean picked grapes. Fill up
with sweet cider, just from the press--crab preferred. Draw off in
March, and it is fit for use. Add brandy, as much as you think
best.--_Mrs. A. D._


First of all, let me say that after a reliable physician has been
called in, his directions should be strictly followed, and his
instructions should be the law in the sick-room. Have everything in
readiness for his admission immediately after his arrival, as his time
is valuable and it occasions him both annoyance and loss of time to be
kept waiting outside of the sick-room, after reaching the house of the

Pure air is of vital importance in the sick-room. Many persons exclude
fresh air for fear of dampness, but even damp air is better than
impure. Even in cold weather, there should be a free circulation of
air. If there are no ventilators, let the air circulate from the tops
of the windows, rather than admit it by opening the door, which is apt
to produce a draft. Meantime keep up a good fire; if practicable, let
it be a wood fire, but if this be not attainable, have an open grate,
with a coal fire. The sight of a bright blaze is calculated to cheer
the patient, while the sight of a dark, close stove is depressing. By
no means allow a sick person to be in a room warmed by a flue or

The old idea of darkening the sick-room is exploded. It should be
darkened only when the patient wishes to sleep. If the eyes are weak,
admit the sunshine from a quarter where it will not fall upon them.
The modern science of physics has come to recognize sunshine as one of
the most powerful of remedial agencies, and cases are not rare in
which invalids have been restored to health by using sun-baths, and
otherwise freely enjoying the sunshine.

It is best to have no odors in the sick-room unless it be bay rum,
German cologne, or something else especially fancied by the sick
person. Where there is any unpleasant exhalation, it is far better to
let it escape by properly ventilating the room, than to try to
overcome it by the aid of perfumery. In fevers, where there are
offensive exhalations from the body, sponging with tepid water will
help to remove the odor, and will also prove soothing to the patient.
In winter, expose but a small portion of the body at a time, in
sponging. Then rub gently with the hand or a coarse towel, and there
will be no danger of the patient's taking cold, even in winter.

Be careful to keep warm, soft flannels on the sick person in winter.
In summer, do not keep a pile of bedclothes on the patient, even
though chilly. It is better to keep up the circulation by other means,
such as rubbing or stimulants. Scrupulous neatness should be observed
about the bed-linen (as well as the other appointments of the
sick-room). Never use bed-quilts or comforts; they are not only heavy,
but retain the exhalations from the body. Use soft, fleecy blankets

The nurse should watch her opportunity of having the bedclothes taken
into the fresh air and shaken, and the bed made up, when the patient
has been lifted up and set in an easy-chair near the fire. The
arrangements about the bed should be quickly made, so that the patient
may be able to lie down again as soon as fatigued. Let such sweeping
and dusting as are necessary be also done with dispatch, using a
dust-pan to receive the dust from the carpet. Avoid clouds of dust
from the carpet, and of ashes from the fireplace.

The nurse has a very important part to play, as physicians say that
nursing is of equal importance as medical attendance. The nurse should
be careful not to wear a dress that rustles, nor shoes that creak, and
if the patient has any fancy, or any aversion connected with colors,
she should regard it in her dress. Indeed, the patient should be
indulged in every fancy that is not hurtful.

The nurse should be prompt in every arrangement. Where blisters or
poultices are to be used, she should not wait till the last moment to
prepare them, but should do so before uncovering the patient to apply
them, or even broaching the subject. If anything painful or
distasteful has to be undergone by the patient, it should not be
discussed beforehand with or before the patient; but when all is in
readiness, with cheerful and soothing words, let it be done.

The patient should never be kept waiting for food, medicine, bath, or
any other requisite. Every arrangement should be made beforehand to
supply his or her needs in good time. Crushed ice and other needful
things should be kept always at hand, so the patient may have them at
any moment without delay. Especially on the approach of night, try to
provide everything needed during the night, such as ice, mustard, hot
water, kindling wood, a large piece of soapstone for the feet, as this
is more cleanly and retains heat better than other things used for the
purpose. Other things, such as the nature of the sickness may call
for, should be thought of and provided before nightfall.

As the sick are very fastidious, all food for them must be prepared in
the most delicate manner. Do not bring the same article of food
several times consecutively, but vary it from time to time. Do not let
a sick person have any article of food forbidden by a physician, as
there are many reasons known to them only, why dishes fancied by the
sick should be injurious.

Avoid whispering, as this excites nervousness and apprehension on the
part of the sick. Do not ask in a mournful tone of voice how the
patient is. Indeed, it is best to ask the sick as few questions as
possible. It is far better to watch their symptoms for yourself than
to question them. Examine for yourself if their feet are warm, and
endeavor to discover their condition and their wants, as far as
possible, without questions.

In a case of illness, many well-meaning persons crowd to see the
patient; do not admit them into the sick-room, as it is both exciting
and fatiguing to an ill person to see company, and, when in a critical
condition, the balance might be disastrously turned by the injudicious
admission of visitors. Both mind and body must be kept quiet to give
the patient a chance for recovery. When well enough to listen to
conversation, the patient should hear none but what is cheerful and
entertaining, never any of an argumentative or otherwise unpleasant

Do not allow the patient to read, as it is too great a tax on the
sight and brain before convalescence. Suitable books, in large print,
are a great resource to the patient when arrived at this stage, but
should be read only in moderation.

Driving out is a delightful recreation for convalescents, and they
should be indulged in it as soon as the physician pronounces it safe.
In winter, they should be carried driving about noon, so as to enjoy
the sunshine at its warmest. In summer, the cool of the morning or
evening is the best time to drive them out; but if the latter time be
chosen, be careful to return immediately after sundown. Make
arrangements for the patient on returning to find the room thoroughly
cleaned, aired, and adorned with fresh flowers (always so cheering in
a sick-room), and let the bed be nicely made up and turned down. It is
well to have some little refreshment awaiting after the drive--a
little cream or milk toddy, a cup of tea or coffee, or, if the weather
be hot, some cooling draught perhaps would be more acceptable. It is
well to keep the convalescent cheered, by projecting each day some new
and pleasant little plan for the morrow.


Break an egg. Separate the yolk and white. Whip each to a stiff froth.
Add a tablespoonful of arrowroot and a little water to the yolk. Rub
till smooth and free from lumps. Pour slowly into half a pint of
boiling water, stirring all the time. Let it simmer till jelly-like.
Sweeten to the taste and add a tablespoonful of French brandy. Stir in
the frothed white and take hot in winter. In summer, set first on ice,
then stir in the beaten white. Milk may be used instead of
water.--_Mrs. S. T._


Mix one tablespoonful arrowroot with enough cold water to make a
paste, free from lumps. Pour this slowly into half a pint boiling milk
and let it simmer till it becomes thick and jelly-like. Sweeten to the
taste and add a little nutmeg or cinnamon.--_Mrs. R. C. M. W._


One tablespoonful in one quart hot water makes jelly; one
tablespoonful in one quart milk makes blanc-mange. Stir fifteen
minutes, and, while simmering, flavor with vanilla or lemon. Suitable
for sick persons.--_M. L. G._


One pound rice flour, one pound chocolate, grated fine, two
tablespoonfuls arrowroot. From a half-pound to a pound of sugar. Mix
well together and put in a close jar. To one quart milk, rub in four
dessertspoonfuls of the above mixture. Give it a boil up and season
with vanilla.--_Mrs. J. H. T._


Soak the wheat in cold water all night. Pour off this water in the
morning. Pour boiling water then over the wheat and boil it about half
an hour, adding salt and butter. Eat with cream.--_Mrs. A. M._


Bread twelve hours old, an egg and black tea.--_Mrs. A._


Gelatine two inches square, milk half a pint, water half a pint, cream
one-half to one gill, arrowroot a teaspoonful. Sweeten to the
taste.--_Mrs. J. D._


Put half pint milk over the fire, and, as soon as it begins to boil,
pour slowly into it a wine-glass of sherry wine, mixed with a
teaspoonful white sugar. Grate into it a little nutmeg, and as soon as
it comes to a boil again, take it off the fire. When cool, strain for
use.--_Mrs. R. C. M. W._


Pour two tablespoonfuls good brandy into six tablespoonfuls milk. Add
two teaspoonfuls ground loaf sugar and a little grated nutmeg. An
adult may take a tablespoonful of this every two or three hours, but
children must take less.--_Mrs. R. C. M. W._


Cut one pound beef in small bits, sprinkle with a very little salt,
tie up in a close stone jar, and set in boiling water. Boil it hard an
hour or more, then strain it. Chicken may be prepared the same way.
Nice for the sick.--_Mrs. Col. W._


Take half a pound fresh beef for every pint of beef-tea required.
Carefully remove all fat, sinew, veins, and bone from the beef. Cut it
in pieces under an inch square and let it soak twelve hours in
one-third of the water required to be made into tea. Then take it out
and let it simmer three hours in the remaining two-thirds of the
water, the quantity lost by evaporation being replaced from time to
time. The boiling liquor is then to be poured on the cold liquor in
which the meat was soaked. The solid meat is to be dried, pounded in a
mortar, and minced so as to cut up all strings in it, and mixed with
the liquid. When the beef-tea is made daily, it is convenient to use
one day's boiled meat for the next day's tea, as thus it has time to
dry and is more easily pounded. Avoid having it sticky and too much
jellied, when cold.


In a case of extreme sickness, when it is important that what little
nourishment the patient can take should be highly condensed, the
following is an excellent mode for concentrating, in a small compass,
all the nutritive properties of a chicken.

After picking the chicken, sprinkle a little salt over it and cut it
in pieces, as if for frying. Put the pieces in a small glass jar (or
wide-mouthed bottle), stop it tightly, and put it in a pot of cold
water, gradually heating the latter till it boils. Let the jar of
chicken remain in the water till the juices are well extracted, then
pour them off for the patient.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Take a large chicken, cut the flesh from its bones, break the bones,
soak an hour in weak salt and water to extract the blood. Put on in a
stewpan with three pints of cold water. Simmer till reduced to less
than half its original quantity. Sprinkle a little salt on it, and
strain in a bowl. Keep on ice.--_Mrs. S. T._


Put in a clean, glazed jar or inner saucepan. Set this in another
vessel of boiling water. Cover closely, and keep boiling for hours.
Season the juice thus extracted with a little salt, stir in a
teaspoonful of fresh milk, and give to the patient.--_Mrs. T._


Lay six nice crackers in a bowl. Sprinkle over them powdered sugar and
a pinch of salt, adding a very small piece of fresh butter. Pour
boiling water over the crackers, and let them remain near the fire
half an hour. Then add a teaspoonful of good French brandy, or a
tablespoonful of Madeira wine, and a little grated nutmeg.--_Mrs. T._


Slice thin, some nice, white bread, perfectly sweet. Toast a light
brown, and butter with fresh butter.--_Mrs. S. T._


Prepare and toast the bread as above directed. Then lay in a covered
dish and pour boiling water over it. Turn to one side, and drain out
the water. Then put fresh butter on each slice, with a small pinch of
salt. Serve in a covered dish.--_Mrs. S. T._


Slice the bread thin, toast a light brown, butter each side, and
sprinkle with a little salt. Put in a covered dish, and pour over it
boiling milk.--_Mrs. S. T._


Wash and pick. Drain, and soak an hour in cold water. Drain again, and
put in a saucepan, with one pint boiling water to one pint hominy.
Boil till dry like rice. Eat with cream, butter and salt, or with
sugar, butter and nutmeg.--_Mrs. S. T._


May be found in various parts of this work, such as rice pudding,
baked custard, and various preparations of tapioca, sago, and
arrowroot. Grapes are valuable in fever, and also good for chronic
sore-throat.--_Mrs. S. T._


A handful of sage and the same of mint, tansy, rue, rosemary,
lavender, and thyme; one ounce of camphor. Put in a gallon demijohn,
and fill with good vinegar. Set in the sun two weeks with a piece of
leather over the mouth, then stop tightly.--_Mrs. D. R._


Acetic acid (concentrated), eight ounces; oil of lavender (Eng.), two
drachms; oil of rosemary, one drachm; oil of cloves, one drachm; gum
camphor, one ounce. Dissolve the camphor (bruised) in the acid, then
add perfumes. After standing a few days, with occasional shaking,
strain, and it is ready for use.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Bicarb. soda (Eng.), one drachm; pure water, three ounces; spearmint
water, four ounces; glycerine, one ounce; ar. spts. ammonia,
thirty-two drops. Mix and filter. Dose, from twenty drops to a
tablespoonful, according to age.--_Dr. E. A. C._


This is easily prepared, and a bottle should always be kept ready for
use. It is an antidote to many poisons and a valuable remedy in a
sick-room. Put some pieces of unslacked lime in a bottle, fill up with
cold water, keep it corked and in a cool, dark place. It does not
matter about the quantity of lime, as the water will not dissolve more
than a certain quantity. It is ready for use in a few minutes, and the
clear lime-water can be poured off as needed. When all the water is
used, fill up again, which may be done several times before it is
necessary to use fresh lime.--_Mrs. T._


Is an invaluable remedy for sick headache, nausea, constipation, and
many of the attendant evils of dyspepsia. Directions accompany each
bottle. Colic and other violent pains of the stomach are sometimes
instantly relieved by adding to the dose of Seltzer Aperient a
teaspoonful of Brown's Jamaica Ginger.


Is not only an invaluable remedy, but a refreshing and delightful
drink may be made from it in summer, when iced lemonade would be
unsafe and iced juleps, etc., would be too heating for one suffering
from over-fatigue. Fill a goblet with crushed ice, add two
teaspoonfuls of powdered sugar and one of Jamaica ginger. Fill up with
water, stir and drink.--_Mrs. S. T._


It is not safe to pass a day without mustard in the house, so
valuable are its medicinal properties. When a large plaster is wanted,
put into a plate or bowl two tablespoonfuls ground mustard. Wet it
with cold water and stir with a spoon or knife till a smooth paste.
Lay on an inverted tea-board a piece of newspaper twice the size of
the plaster wanted. On one-half spread evenly and thinly the mustard.
Fold over the other half and fold over the edges as if to hem a piece
of cloth, to prevent the mustard from getting on the skin or clothing.
In winter, warm slightly before applying. Keep it on an adult fifteen
minutes; on a child, half that time. In this way, painful blisters
will always be avoided. If the pain is in the chest or stomach, place
the same plaster on the back just opposite, and let it remain on
twenty minutes the second time. Colman's mustard is considered the
best by many persons.


It is well in travelling to carry a package of these plasters, in case
of sudden sickness. It is important also to keep them at home, as
sometimes they are needed suddenly in the night, and even one moment
gained is important in great emergencies. Those manufactured by
Seabury & Johnson, N. Y., are considered excellent and superior to the
foreign article.


Is excellent for coughs, colds, bronchitis, and diseases of the chest.
Manufactured by Faulkner & Craighill, Lynchburg, Va.


Carbolic acid crystals, pure, half a drachm; tincture kino, one
drachm; chlorate potash, two drachms; simple syrup, half an ounce.
Water sufficient to make an eight-ounce mixture. Gargle the throat
every few hours.--_Dr. T. L. W._

_For Sore-Throat._

Rub the throat well with camphorated oil, and gargle frequently with a
strong solution chlorate of potash.--_Mrs. S. T._

_For Sore-Throat._

Carbolic acid, fifteen grains; chlorate potash, thirty grains;
rose-water, one and a half ounces; glycerine, one-half ounce. Use as a
gargle, three or four times daily.--_Mr. E. C._

A CURE FOR EPILEPSY (_one I have known to succeed in many cases_).

Procure the fresh root of a white peony. Scrape and cut in pieces an
inch square. Eat one three times a day, never taking any food after
four P.M. Use a month, stop two weeks and begin again. The best way to
keep the root is to string it on a cord. The red peony will do, if you
cannot get the white.--_Mrs. R. C._


Wet a cloth in spirits turpentine and lay it over the place where the
pain is felt. If the pain moves, move the cloth. Take five drops
spirits turpentine at a time on white sugar till relieved.--_Mrs. R._


One teaspoonful paregoric, one teaspoonful Jamaica ginger, one
teaspoonful spirits camphor, one-half teaspoonful carbonate soda, two
tablespoonfuls water, two tablespoonfuls whiskey. This is for one
dose. If it does not relieve in an hour, repeat.--_Dr. J. T. W._


Take common furniture glue from the pot, spread it on a linen rag or
piece of brown paper, and apply hot to the chilblain, letting it
remain till the glue wears off.


Varnish them with common furniture varnish. This remedy has been known
to prove very efficacious.--_Mr. W._


Is now much used by those who cannot go to the seaside. Seventy-five
cents for half a bushel. Dissolve a large handful in a pitcher of
water. Use a sponge to rub the flesh.--_Mrs. A._


Linseed oil (raw), four ounces; mutton tallow, four ounces; yellow
wax, two ounces; Burgundy pitch, one ounce; Venice turpentine, one
ounce; oil lavender, one-half ounce; rosin, one-half ounce.

Melt together and strain through flannel. Spread lightly on a soft
linen rag, apply to the breast, and the relief is almost
instantaneous.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Sulph. zinc, two grains; wine of opium, ten drops; distilled water,
one ounce. Mix. Drop two or three drops in the outer corner of the eye
several times a day.--_Dr. E. A. C._


One teaspoonful laudanum, two teaspoonfuls Madeira wine, twelve
teaspoonfuls rose-water.--_Mrs. E. I._


Equal parts of laudanum and tincture of arnica. Mix, saturate a piece
of wool in the mixture, and insert in the ear.--_Dr. E. A. C._

TOOTHACHE DROPS. (_Sure cure._)

Morphia, six grains; half on ounce each of tincture aconite root,
chloroform, laudanum, creosote, oil cloves, cajuput. Add as much gum
camphor as the chloroform will dissolve. Saturate with the above
mixture a piece of wool and put it in the hollow tooth, being certain
that the cavity is cleaned out.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Extract belladonna (pure), three grains; cinnamon-water, one drachm;
distilled water, seven drachms. Mix, label poison, and give the child
for a dose as many drops as the years of his age.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Extract belladonna, six grains; cinnamon-water, one drachm; white
sugar, two drachms; alcohol, two drachms; pure water, thirteen
drachms. Mix thoroughly and label belladonna, _poison_. Dose, one drop
for each year of the child's age, repeated twice a day.--_Dr. E. A.


Sulphate of copper, grains ten; pure water, f. ounce i. Mix sol. Apply
with camel-hair brush daily or oftener.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Apply ammonia or hartshorn immediately to the bite, and swallow ten
drops, dissolved in a wine-glass of water. Said to be a certain
remedy.--_Mrs. T._


Dip a small feather or brush into tincture of iodine, hold the
chicken's mouth open, and mop the inside of the throat thoroughly with
the iodine. This treatment has proved successful whenever
tried.--_Mrs. N. G._


Bind up with old linen and keep constantly wet with cold water. If
there is much pain, add laudanum or tincture of arnica. If
discoloration and swelling remain, after the pain subsides, use
stimulating liniment to encourage a flow of pure blood and the washing
away of the injured blood.


If the burn or scald is serious, send immediately for a physician. In
the meantime, cover with wet linen cloths, pouring on more water
without removing them, till the pain is alleviated, when pure hog's
lard may be applied, which is one of the best and most easily procured
dressings. If the scald or burn is trifling, this is all that is
needed. Lather of soap from the shaving-cup applied by the brush
often produces relief. White of egg applied in the same way is a
simple and useful dressing. Never tamper with a bad burn. This
requires the skilful treatment of a physician. If the shock is great,
and there is no reaction, administer frequently aromatic spirits of
ammonia or a little brandy and water till the patient rallies.


Take equal parts of lime-water, linseed-oil, and laudanum. Mix and
apply on a soft linen rag. Some add about one-quarter quantity
commercial sol. carbolic acid.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Prepared chalk, powdered white sugar, gum arabic, two drachms each.
Tincture kino, paregoric, each six drachms. Lime-water, one ounce;
peppermint water, sufficient for four ounces.

Mix thoroughly and shake well before administering. Dose, from half to
a teaspoonful, according to age and urgency of the case.--_Dr. E. A.


Black or green tea steeped in boiling water and sweetened with loaf
sugar.--_Mrs. R. C. M. W._


Take equal parts of laudanum, tincture capsicum, tincture camphor, and
aromatic syrup rhubarb. Mix. Dose, from half to a teaspoonful, in
water, when needed.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Sulph. quinine, two drachms; arsenious acid, one grain; strychnia, one
grain; Prussian blue, twenty grains; powdered capsicum, one drachm.
Mix, and make sixty pills. Take one pill three times a day.--_Dr. E.
A. C._


Muriate of morphia, two grains; powdered gum arabic, two drachms; sub.
nit. bismuth, six drachms.

Mix and snuff frequently.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Sulph. quinine, twenty-four grains; cayenne pepper, five grains. Make
twelve pills, and take one every three hours.--_Mr. E. C._


Best Turkish rhubarb, one ounce; gentian root, bruised, one-half
ounce; columbo, one-half ounce; orange peel, one-half ounce; fennel
seed, one-half ounce; best French brandy, one quart. This will bear
filling up several times.


Drop a fresh, unbroken egg in lemon juice. When dissolved, sweeten and
give a spoonful occasionally when the cough comes on.--_Mrs. E. I._


Boil three fresh lemons till quite soft. Then slice them on a pound of
brown sugar. Stew them together fifteen or twenty minutes, or till
they form a rich syrup. When cool, add one tablespoonful oil of sweet

Take one spoonful or more when the cough is troublesome.--_N. A. L._


Boil one ounce licorice root in one-half pint of water, till it is
reduced one-half. Then add one ounce gum arabic and one ounce loaf
sugar. Take a teaspoonful every few hours.--_N. A. L._

_Remedy for Coughs._

Boil three lemons for fifteen minutes. Slice them thin while hot over
one pound of loaf sugar. Put on the fire in a porcelain-lined
saucepan and stew till the syrup is quite thick. After taking it from
the fire, add one tablespoonful of oil of sweet almonds. Stir till
thoroughly mixed and cool. If more than a small quantity is desired,
double the above proportions.--_Mrs. J. D. L._


Cut up two or three bulbs of Indian turnip, put the pieces in a quart
bottle, which fill up with good whiskey. Dose, a tablespoonful, three
or four times a day. It is especially desirable to take it just after
rising and just before going to bed. Wonderful cures of asthma have
been effected by this remedy, and many persons living near the writer
have tested its efficacy. The bottle will bear refilling with whiskey
several times. Great care must be taken in procuring the genuine
Indian turnip for this preparation, as there is a poisonous plant much
resembling it.--_Mrs. M. L._


Make a strong decoction of the leaves or bark of the common willow.
Bathe the parts affected frequently with this decoction, and it will
be found a very efficacious remedy.--_Gen. M._

_Remedy for Poison Oak._

Forty grains caustic potash to five ounces of water. Apply to the
eruption with a small mop, made by tying a soft linen rag to a stick.
Often a speedy cure.--_Mrs. S. T._


Fill a quart bottle a third full of chipped inner cherry bark. Add a
large teaspoonful soda, and fill the bottle with whiskey or brandy.
Take as large a dose three times a day as the system will tolerate. If
it affects the head unpleasantly, lessen the quantity of bark. It will
be fit for use in a few hours.--_Dr. B._


One ounce assafoetida in one pint vinegar, as hot as the hand can
bear. Keep it hot by placing the vessel over the top of a teakettle.
Use it frequently through the day, an hour at a time. A painful but
effective remedy.--_Mrs. J. D. P._


Apply night and morning with a brush one or two drops of protoxide of
iron for two weeks.--_Mrs. W._


Wet them several times a day with hartshorn, and in a short time they
will disappear.--_Mrs. W. B._


Scrape two carrots and stew in two tablespoonfuls hog's lard. Add two
plantain leaves. When the carrots are well done, strain.--_Mrs. E. I._


Half an ounce gum camphor, half an ounce saltpetre, half an ounce
spirits ammonia, half a pint alcohol. Old-fashioned liniment, good for
man or beast.--_Mrs. T._


One egg beaten light, half a pint spirits turpentine, half a pint good
apple vinegar. Shake well before using. Good for sprains, cuts, or
bruises.--_Mrs. H._


When the child is taken with a hoarse, tight cough, give it
immediately from ten drops to half a teaspoon of hive or croup syrup,
or if you have not these, use ipecac syrup, though this is less rapid
in its effects. Put a mustard plaster on the wind-pipe, and let it
redden the skin, but not blister. Put the feet in mustard-water as hot
as they can bear it. Then wipe them dry and keep them covered warm. A
child from three to six years old will require from ten drops to half
a teaspoon of the syrup every half-hour till relieved. From six to
twelve, give from a half teaspoon to a full teaspoon, according to the
age of the patient. Croup requires very prompt treatment. If home
treatment does not relieve, send immediately for a physician.--_Mrs.
P. W._


Put a little of the mucilage from slippery elm in a teaspoon. Drop the
quinine on it, and put some mucilage on top. This will make the
quinine slip down the throat without leaving any taste.--_Mrs. J. A.


The first dressing should be of collard leaves, prepared thus. With a
sharp knife carefully pare smooth all the stalk and veining. Then
scald and squeeze each one to a pleasant moisture, keeping them
blood-warm until applied. Second dressing--pure lard or mutton suet
spread evenly and thinly on a soft linen rag.--_Mrs. S. T._


Melt together, in equal parts, the white rosin that exudes from the
common pine tree and mutton suet. This makes a good plaster for the
boil, both before and after it breaks.--_Mrs. S. T._


Slippery elm flour wet with cold water, and put in a soft muslin bag,
and applied to the boil till the inflammation subsides, is an
admirable remedy. Then apply carbolic salve spread on a linen rag,
which is a good dressing for the boil, both before and after it
breaks.--_Mrs. S. T._


First, throw the person on the ground to prevent the upward flames
from being inhaled. Then quickly roll the person in a carpet
hearth-rug or blanket; if neither is at hand, use any woollen garment,
such as a coat, overcoat, or cloak. Keep the blaze as much as possible
from the face, wrapping the woollen garment first around the neck and
shoulders. Jumping into bed and covering up with the bedclothes is
also a good plan.


Two tablespoonfuls finely powdered rosin, four tablespoonfuls white
sugar, whites of two eggs, one quart best whiskey. Dose, a
tablespoonful three times a day, either before or after meals.
Excellent also for colds or weak lungs; will stop an irritating cough.
Taken half a teaspoonful at a time.--_Mrs. G._


_Acids_--_Sulphuric_, _Nitric_, _Muriatic_, _Phosphoric_, _Oxalic_,
_Citric_, _Tartaric_, _Acetic_.--Give freely of magnesia or soap-water
(half an ounce white soap to two quarts tepid water). Also very weak
solutions of carbonate of soda or potassa may be used. Give demulcent
drinks and milk-baths, cataplasms, antiphlogistics. Avoid lime-water.

_Alkalies_--_Caustic_, _Potassa_, _Soda_, _Lime_, _Strontia_,
_Baryta_, _and their Carbonates_.--Give diluted vinegar in abundance,
four ounces vinegar to one quart water. Citric or tartaric lemonade,
whites of eggs with tepid water, milk, sweet-oil. Baths, lotions,

_Arsenic._--Prompt emetic. Give freely of hydrated peroxide of iron;
dose, half an ounce, frequently repeated. If this is not at hand, give
magnesia in large quantities of tepid water. Demulcent drinks, baths,
and counter-irritants over the stomach to relieve spasms.

_Carbolic Acid._--Saccharated lime in water; also demulcent drinks.

_Chloral._--Keep the patient warm in bed, with hot blankets and hot
water bottles, the bottles also to be applied over the heart. A warm
bath may be of advantage. If respiration threatens to fail, maintain
it artificially, and apply galvanic battery (induced current), one
pole over pit of stomach and the other over lower cervical vertebræ.

_Chloroform._--Draw out the tongue, if retracted. Give plenty of air.
Raise the body and lower the head, till the body is almost inverted.
Maintain artificial respiration. Use the galvanic battery as above

_Copper_, Salts of.--Cause vomiting, and then give freely of whites of
eggs and water, demulcent drinks, soothing clysters, lotions,
fomentations. Avoid vinegar.

_Corrosive Sublimate._--First, cause vomiting, then give whites of
eggs in water, four whites to one quart water. Milk, demulcent drinks,
and gargles.

_Gases._--The antidote for chlorine is to inhale ammonia. Asphyxia by
other gases, treated by cold applications to the head, plenty of air,
artificial respiration.

_Glass_, in powder.--Farina or light food in abundance. Then an
emetic, then milk and demulcent drinks.

_Iodine._--Starch-water containing albumen in large quantities, or
starch-water alone.

_Lead_, Salts of.--White of eggs, epsom salts, or sulphuric acid
lemonade. (One drachm diluted acid to a quart sweetened water.)

_Nitrate of Silver_ (lunar caustic).--Give salt water freely.

_Opium and Salts of Morphine._--Cause free vomiting by sulphate of
zinc, sulphate of copper, and tartar emetic, and use the stomach-pump.
Then administer one-sixteenth grain atropine, hypodermically, and
repeat with caution till the pupils dilate. Also give strong coffee or
tea. Keep the patient awake. If depression and drowsiness are extreme,
bleeding may do the patient good.

_Phosphorus._--Emetic, then water with whites of eggs, magnesia in
suspension, milk. Avoid oils.

_Prussic Acid._--Affusions of water over the cervical vertebræ.
Cause the gas from chlorine water to be inhaled. Give from twenty to
forty drops of Labbaraque's solution largely diluted, also coffee.

_Strychnine._--Cause vomiting. Give ether or chloroform by inhalation,
and chloral internally. Insufflate the lungs.

_Tartar Emetic._--If there is vomiting, favor it by giving whites of
eggs with water in large quantities, then give infusion of gall or oak
bark. If vomiting is not free, use the stomach-pump.

_Venomous Bites_, Serpents.--Apply a moderately tight ligature above
the bite. Wash the wound freely with warm water to encourage bleeding,
then cauterize thoroughly. Afterwards apply lint dipped in equal parts
of olive-oil and spirits hartshorn. Internally give freely of
alcoholic stimulants, with liquid ammonia, largely diluted.

_Rabid Dogs._--Apply ligature as above described, wash the wound
thoroughly with warm water, and cauterize immediately with nitric acid
or lunar caustic, leaving no part of the wound untouched.


Do not clean but one room at a time, as it is a bad plan to have the
whole house in confusion at once. It is best to commence with the

Before beginning on your spring cleaning, remove the curtains, all the
movable furniture, and the carpets. With a broom and dust-pan remove
all dust from the floor. Then with a wall-brush thoroughly sweep and
dust the ceiling and side-walls, window and door frames, pictures and
chandeliers. Then go over the floor again, removing the dust that has
fallen from the ceiling and walls. Then proceed to wash all the paint
in the room. If it be white paint, use whiting or such other
preparations as are recommended for the purpose in the subsequent
pages. If it be varnished, or in imitation of oak or walnut, wipe with
a cloth dipped in milk-warm water. If the wood work in the room be of
unvarnished walnut or oak, wipe it off first, and then oil it, rubbing
in the oil well.

Then with a soft flannel rag and a cake of sapolio clean every piece
of marble in the room. Next wipe the mirrors carefully with a flannel
rag, wrung out of warm water and dipped in a little whiting, or you
may rub a little silver soap on the rag. The gilding must be merely
dusted, as the least dampness or a drop of water will injure it.

The windows (sash and all) must then be washed in soap and water, with
a common brush such as is used for washing paint. A little soda
dissolved in the water will improve the appearance of the windows. It
is unnecessary to use such a quantity of soap and water as to splash
everything around. After being washed, the windows should be polished
with newspapers. Except in a general house-cleaning, windows may be
cleaned by the directions given above for mirrors.

The metal about the door-knobs, tongs, etc., may be cleaned by
electro-silicon, and the grates may be varnished with the black
varnish kept for the purpose by dealers in grates, stoves, etc. Every
chair and article of furniture should be carefully cleaned before
being brought back into the room, and linen covers should be put on
the chairs. If you are going to put down matting, do so before
bringing back the first article of furniture. Some housekeepers,
however, allow their matting to remain during the winter under their
carpets. Spots on matting may be removed by being scoured with a
cloth, dipped first in hot water and then in salt. This, however, will
cause wet spots to appear on it in damp weather. After the spots are
removed, scrub the matting with dry corn-meal and a coarse cloth.
Sweep it over several times, till all the meal is removed.

For persons who do not use matting in summer, a recipe is given later
for beautifully coloring the floor with boiled linseed oil and burnt
sienna. Where different woods are used alternately in the floor, this
oil answers better than revarnishing the floor every spring.

As soon as the carpets are taken up, have them nicely shaken, swept,
and brushed on both sides. Every spot should be carefully washed and
wiped dry. The carpets should then be rolled up smoothly, with tobacco
sprinkled between the folds, sewed up in coarse linen cloths, and put
away till autumn. A cedar closet is an excellent place to keep carpets
as well as other woollens. If you have no cedar closet, however, a
cedar chest will serve to protect your woollen clothes against moths,
and it is better to preserve them in this way than to sprinkle them
with tobacco, which imparts an unpleasant scent to them.


Take good quick-lime in lumps. Slack it with hot water, and while
slacking add to what will make a pailful one pound tallow or other
grease, free from dirt. It may be rancid, smoked, or otherwise unfit
for kitchen use.

When the violent slacking is over, stir thoroughly. All the water
should be added before the slacking ceases, and the mixing together
should be thorough. Do not dilute with cold water. If well made, it
will be very smooth and but little affected by rain.--_Mrs. E._


We have recently seen recommended in a journal a fine and brilliant
whitewash preparation of chalk, called "Paris White," and said to be
admirable for whitewashing walls. It sells in paint stores at three
cents per pound, retail. For every sixteen pounds Paris White, get
half a pound white transparent glue. Cover the glue with cold water at
night, and in the morning heat it, without scorching, till dissolved.
Stir in the Paris White with hot water to give it a milky consistency.
Then add and mix well the glue. Apply with a common lime whitewash
brush. A single coating will do, except on very dingy walls. Almost as
brilliant as "Zinc White."--_Mrs. S. T._


To one gallon boiled linseed oil add half a pound burnt sienna. The
druggist who sells these articles will mix them. If economy is
necessary, instead of employing a painter to put it on, dip a large
woollen rag into the mixture, and with this wipe over the
floor.--_Mrs. S. T._


Make a strong decoction of the inside bark of red oak. Set it a dark
color with copperas.

Have the floors well swept and cleaned of spots. Then with a cloth rub
the dye in well, taking care to wipe up and down the floor, so as to
prevent streaking.

Let it dry, then wipe over with weak lye, and as soon as this dries
off, rub with a waxed brush.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


Wring out a clean flannel, take up as much powdered whiting as will
adhere to it, then rub the paint. Wash off with clean water and rub
dry with a soft cloth, and it will look new. Not for paint in
imitation of oak.--_Mrs. R._


Wash oil-cloths with salt water; say, one pint salt dissolved in a
pailful water. When dry wipe over with a little milk and water.--_Mrs.
H. D._

_To Wash Oil-Cloth._

Sweep it well. Wash with cold water, using a brush. Then wash with
milk and wipe dry. Never use hot water.--_Mrs. R._


Shake, beat, and sweep well. Tack firmly on the floor. Mix three
quarts soft, cold water with one quart beef's gall. Wash with a
flannel, rub off with a clean flannel, immediately after putting it on
each strip of carpet.--_Mrs. R._

Carpets should be washed in spots, with a brush or flannel, one
tablespoonful ox-gall in one or two quarts water.--_Mrs. A._


Take up the ink with a spoon. Pour cold water on the stained spot,
take up the water with a spoon, and repeat this process frequently.
Then rub on a little oxalic acid and wash off immediately with cold
water. Then wet with hartshorn.--_Mrs. R._


Sal soda, four ounces; powdered pumice-stone, two ounces; prepared
chalk, two ounces. Mix well, add sufficient water, rub well on the
marble, and then wash with soap and water.--_Dr. E. A. C._

Sapolio, rubbed on a flannel rag which has just been dipped in hot
water and squeezed, is also good for cleaning marble.--_Mrs. S. T._


Dip a flannel in spirits of wine and go carefully over the soiled
places once or twice.--_Mrs. R._


One-half pint linseed oil, one half pint vinegar, one-half pint
turpentine. Apply with a flannel rag, and then rub with a dry
flannel.--_Mrs. H. S._


Wash the piece of furniture with warm water and soap, and then rub
dry; afterwards take a flannel rag, and rub with the following
mixture: equal proportions of vinegar, sweet-oil, and spirits of
turpentine, in a bottle which must be shaken before using.--_Mrs.


Alcohol, three ounces; linseed oil, boiled, two ounces; oxalic acid,
one drachm; gum shellac, two drachms; gum benzoin, two drachms; rosin,
two drachms. Dissolve the gums in the alcohol, and then add oil and
oxalic acid. Apply with a woollen cloth.--_Dr. E. A. C._

_Furniture Polish._

One pint of alcohol, one pint of spirits of turpentine, one and
one-half pint of raw linseed oil, one ounce balsam fir, one ounce
ether. Cut the balsam with the alcohol, which will take about twelve
hours. [That is to say, dilute the balsam with the alcohol.] Mix the
oil with the turpentine in a separate vessel and add the alcohol, and
last the ether.--_G. C. W._


There is nothing better for this purpose than Colgate's Silver Soap,
and Robinson's Indexical Silver Soap, made in Boston. After the silver
has been cleaned, according to the directions accompanying each
package of the aforementioned kinds of soap, wash it in a pan of hot
water in which a tablespoonful of ammonia has been poured.--_Mrs. S.

_To Clean Silver._

Make a paste of whiting and spirits of wine. Put it on with a soft
cloth, then rub it off also with a soft cloth, and polish with chamois
skin.--_Mrs. R._


Rub with salt, and it will entirely remove the discoloration produced
by eating a boiled egg with a silver spoon. Rubbing with salt will
also remove the grayish streaks that collect on white tea-china by
careless usage.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Electro-silicon, manufactured by J. Seth Hopkins & Co., Baltimore, is
the best article that can be procured for this purpose. The price is
twenty-five cents per box, with full directions for use. It may be
procured of any druggist. If not convenient to get it, use powdered
brick-dust.--_Mrs. S. T._


Sapolio, manufactured by Enoch Morgan & Sons, should be in every
kitchen. It is invaluable for cleaning tins, iron-ware, knobs, and is
so neat a preparation that it does not blacken the hands.


Is indispensable to housekeepers. It froths eggs in less than a fourth
of the time a spoon or an ordinary egg-beater requires to froth
them.--_Mrs. S. T._


Rub very hard with a piece of wash leather, dipped in powdered
charcoal, moistened with spirits of wine. Rub off quickly, wash in hot
water, and renew as may be necessary.--_Mrs. K._


Crystal Kitchen Soap, manufactured by Eastman & Brooke, Philadelphia,
is excellent for this purpose, being so neat a compound that the
knives and coffee-pot, as well as the tins used in the preparation of
breakfast, may be quickly cleaned at the table while the tea-china is
being washed.

When not convenient to obtain the Crystal Kitchen Soap, knives may be
cleaned with ashes either of coal or wood.--_Mrs. S. T._


The ivory handles of knives sometimes become yellow from being allowed
to remain in dish-water. Rub them with sandpaper till white. If the
blades have become rusty from careless usage, rub them also with
sandpaper and they will look as nice as new.--_Mrs. S. T._


Spanish whiting, one pound; white glue, one-quarter pound; litharge,
one ounce; alum, one ounce. Boil the glue and alum in a sufficient
quantity of water. Let it cool, then add the whiting and litharge.
Stir well and use at once. It may be washed or scraped off, if
desired.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Pulverized gum shellac in ten times its weight of strong spirits
hartshorn.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Dissolve one ounce corrosive sublimate in one pint strong spirits. Put
it on the bedsteads with a feather, and it will destroy the bugs and
their eggs also.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


Alcohol, two and a half pints; camphor, one ounce; spirits turpentine,
one ounce; corrosive sublimate, half an ounce. Mix and dissolve. If
the scent is not objectionable, two ounces commercial carbolic acid
will greatly improve the above.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Dissolve two pounds alum in three quarts boiling water. Apply boiling
hot with a brush. Add alum to whitewash for store-rooms, pantries, and
closets. It is well to pound alum fine and sprinkle it about beds
infested with bugs.--_Mrs. S. T._


Kerosene oil is a sure remedy for red ants. Place small blocks under a
sugar barrel, so as not to let the oil touch the barrel.--_Mrs. J. W._

Cayenne pepper will keep the store-room and pantry free from ants and
cockroaches.--_Mrs. S. D._


Uncork a bottle of oil of pennyroyal, and it will drive them away, nor
will they return so long as the scent of it is in the room.--_Mrs. S.

For the stings of insects, wasps, hornets, bees, etc. Apply to the
place soda, hartshorn, or arnica.


Mix a little powdered potash with meal and throw it into the rat-holes
and it will not fail to drive the rats away. If a mouse enters into
any part of your dwelling, saturate a rag with cayenne in solution and
stuff it into his hole.--_Mrs. S. D._


All fat and grease from the kitchen should be carefully saved, and
should be made into soap before accumulating and becoming offensive.

Boil for six hours ten gallons of lye made of green wood ashes. Then
add eight or ten pounds of grease, and continue to boil it. If thick
or ropy, add more lye till the grease is absorbed. This is ascertained
by dropping a spoonful in a glass of water, and if grease remains it
will show on the water.

If hard soap is desired, put one quart of salt in half-gallon of hot
water. Stir till dissolved and pour into the boiling soap. Boil twenty
minutes, stirring continually. Remove from the fire, and when cold cut
in cakes and dry. A box of concentrated lye may be used instead of
salt, as it will obviate the necessity of using more dripped lye to
consume the grease.--_Mrs. P. W._


Mix and boil twenty minutes one gallon soft soap; half a gallon of
weak boiled lye; four ounces sal soda; half a gill of spirits
turpentine. Soak the clothes overnight in milk-warm water. In the
morning, rinse and wring them. To every gallon cold water add one
pint of the above mixture. Stir it well in the water. Open the clothes
and boil fifteen or twenty minutes; rinse out of those suds. If the
articles are not thoroughly cleansed, rub a little of the mixture on
the soiled places, and the result will be satisfactory.--_Mrs. Dr. E._



Castile soap, one ounce; aqua ammonia (34), a quarter-pound; sulphur
ether, one ounce; glycerine, one ounce; spirits wine, one ounce. Shave
the soap into thin pieces, dissolve it in two quarts rain (or any
other soft water). Then add the other ingredients. Rub the soiled
spots with a sponge or piece of flannel and expose to the air.--_Mrs.


Detersive soap, three pounds; alcohol, two pints; oxalic acid, half an
ounce; essential oil to flavor. First bring the alcohol to a boil,
then gradually add the soap (pared in thin shavings) and stir
constantly. Then add the acid and oil, pour into moulds while hot, and
let it cool. You may, of course, make it in smaller quantities,
observing the same relative proportions.--_Dr. E. A. C._

_To Remove Spots from Cloth._

Aqua ammonia, two ounces; alcohol, two ounces; spirits camphor, one
ounce; transparent soap, one ounce; rain-water, one quart.--_Mr. E.
C., Jr._


Wash in hot suds, with a little borax in the water. Rinse in bluing
water, and iron very damp.


Heat a large flat-iron, place it in a pan, and lay on it a wet cloth.
The steam will rise rapidly. Hold the right side of the velvet over
it. If this does not restore the pile, wet it on the wrong side. Have
a smooth flat-iron very hot. Set it on the edge of the table, upright.
If it is a narrow piece of velvet, it may be easily ironed by passing
the wet side against the iron. If a large piece, have some one to hold
the bottom of the iron upwards while the wet side of the velvet is
passed over it.--_Mrs. S. T._


Pour one pint boiling water on two tablespoonfuls gum arabic. When a
little cooled, add one teaspoonful spirits turpentine and the same of
spirits ammonia. With a large sponge wipe the silk on both sides with
this mixture. Then lay the silk on an ironing-table, place over it a
thin piece of colored rice cambric, and iron it very hard with a hot
iron. This makes old silk look like new.--_Mrs. S. T._


Boil one ounce crushed soap bark in one quart water till reduced to
one pint. Strain it; sponge the material with the liquid, and while
wet iron on the wrong side. Good for black woollens also.--_Mrs. M. E.
L. W._


Wring two large towels out of water. Then put the veil (folded across
the middle, lengthways) on the lower towel; spread the other on top
and roll the veil, when between, in a small tight roll. Let it stand
an hour, or till it is damp through. Take it out and air it a little
before it dries. Fold it then in smooth squares, put it in a large
book, such as an atlas, put heavy weights on it, and let it stand an
hour or two.--_Mrs. M. C. C._


Wash in strong salt or alum water and rinse in water in which Irish
potatoes have been sliced and boiled, to stiffen.

A strong tea of hay or fodder preserves the color of brown linen. One
spoonful gall to a gallon of water will set the colors of almost any
goods. A teaspoonful sugar of lead in a gallon cold water (some say a
tablespoonful in a quart soft water) will set colors. Let the material
soak in it an hour.

A teacup of lye in a pail of water will improve black calicoes.


Rub the spots with hartshorn and place in the sun till dry.


The first time they are washed, put them in water with a cupful
spirits of turpentine to each pail of water. This will set the color,
and they will always look well.


Moisten the mildewed spot with clear water, then rub over it a thick
coating of castile soap. Scrape chalk with the soap, mixing and
rubbing with the end of the finger. Then wash it off. Sometimes one
coating suffices, but generally several are required.


Will remove mildew, ink, or almost any fruit stain from cloth. The
solution should be washed off soon after applying, as it may injure
the cloth.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Wet the stained spot with whiskey before sending it to wash, and there
will be no sign of it when the article comes in.


Two drachms chloride of lime, two drachms acetic acid, one and a half
ounce water. Mix well.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Salts of lemon applied to the place and exposed to the sun will remove
all iron rust in linen, etc.



No housekeeper should be without a bottle of spirits of ammonia, for,
besides its medical value, it is highly useful for household purposes.
It is nearly as useful as soap, and its cheapness brings it in the
reach of all. Put a teaspoonful ammonia in a quart of warm soapsuds,
dip in a flannel cloth, wipe off the dust and fly-specks, and see how
much scrubbing it will save you.

For washing windows and mirrors, it is very desirable. A few drops on
a piece of paper will take off every spot or fingermark on the glass.

It cleanses and brightens silver wonderfully. Dip your forks, spoons,
etc., in a pint of suds, mixed with a teaspoonful spirits ammonia.
Then rub with a brush and polish with chamois skin.

It will take grease spots from every fabric. Put on the ammonia nearly
clear. Lay blotting-paper on the place, and press a hot flat-iron on
it a few moments. A few drops of it will clean and whiten laces, also

It is highly useful and refreshing at the toilet-table. A few drops in
the bath will remove all offensive perspiration and glossiness (if the
skin is oily). Nothing is better for cleansing the hair from dust and
dandruff. A teaspoonful in a pint of water will cleanse the dirtiest
brushes. Shake the brushes through the water, and when they look
white, rinse them in water and put them in the sunshine or a warm
place to dry.

For medicinal purposes ammonia is almost unrivalled. Inhaling it will
often cure headache and catarrhal cold. Ten drops aromatic spirits of
ammonia in a wine-glass of water is excellent for heartburn or
dyspepsia. The ordinary spirits of ammonia may be used also for the
purpose, but it is not so palatable.

Ammonia is also good for vegetation. If you desire roses, fuschias,
geraniums, etc., to become more flourishing, add five or six drops
ammonia to every pint of lukewarm water you give them. Do not repeat
this more than once in five or six days, lest you should stimulate
them too highly.

Be sure to keep a large bottle of ammonia in the house, and use a
glass stopper for it, as it is very evanescent and is injurious to

[The above remarks on the usefulness of ammonia were furnished and
endorsed by Mrs. A. D., of Virginia.]


It is very desirable to keep borax in the house. Its effect is to
soften the hardest water, and it is excellent for cleansing the hair.
Some washerwomen use borax for a washing powder, instead of soda, in
the proportion of a handful of borax powder to ten gallons boiling
water, and they save in soap nearly half, whilst the borax, being a
neutral salt, does not injure the texture of the linen.--_Mrs. S. T._


Bicarb. potash, half an ounce; cochineal, half an ounce; bitart.
potash, half an ounce; powdered alum, half an ounce; pure rain-water,
four ounces. Mix, and add ten drops creosote.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Extract logwood (pulv.), two ounces; hot rain-water, one gallon.
Simmer over water-bath one hour, till logwood is dissolved. Put into a
bottle the following: bichromate potass., one hundred grains; prus.
of potass., forty grains; warm rain-water, four ounces. Shake till
dissolved, put into the logwood solution, stir well together, strain
through flannel, and, when cold, add corrosive sublimate, ten grains;
warm rain-water, one ounce. Dissolve thoroughly, put with the above,
and add pure carbolic acid crys., one drachm. This makes the best
black ink in the world, at a cost of about ten cents a gallon.--_Dr.
E. A. C._


Rosin, eighteen ounces; shellac, one ounce; beeswax, two ounces. Melt
together and color to suit the fancy.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Rosin, two pounds; beeswax, one pound; tallow, one pound. Melt
together, pour into a tub of cold water, and work with the hands till
pliable.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Acetic acid, one ounce; water, half an ounce; glue, two ounces; gum
tragacanth, one ounce. Mix and dissolve.--_Dr. E. A. C._

SHOE BLACKING (_equal to Mason's_).

Ivory black, twelve ounces; molasses, four ounces; sperm-oil, one
ounce; oil of vitriol, by weight, two drachms; vinegar, one pint. Mix
the black, molasses, and oil, and add the vinegar gradually, stirring
all the time. Then add the oil of vitriol very carefully, stirring
constantly, till effervescence ceases.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Ivory black, in fine powder, one pound; molasses, twelve ounces;
sweet-oil, two ounces; beer and vinegar, two pints of each. Mix
thoroughly together.--_Dr. E. A. C._


(_One of the Best._)

Cream tartar, twelve and one-quarter ounces; bicarb. soda (Eng.), six
and one-half ounces; tartaric acid, one and one-third ounces;
carbonate of ammonia, four-fifths of an ounce; good wheat flour, four
ounces. Mix thoroughly, and pass through a fine sieve.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Gather on a dry day, just before they flower. Put them in an oven, and
when dry take them out, pick off the leaves, put in bottles, cover
tightly, and keep in a dry place.--_Mrs. R._


Put the wheat in barrels, smooth it, and sprinkle a layer of salt over
the top. Keep the barrels well covered by tying cloths over them. A
sure preventive.--_Mrs. Dr. P. C._


Nitrate of potash, one pound; glauber salts, one pound; sal soda, one
pound; nitrate of ammonia, one-quarter pound. Dissolve the above in
forty gallons of water, one-third to be applied when the leaves begin
to appear, one-third ten days later, and the rest when the vines begin
to bloom. This quantity is for forty feet square.--_Mrs. R._


Oil of sweet almonds, two ounces; pure olive-oil, six ounces;
spermaceti, one and one-half ounce; white wax, one ounce. Color with
carmine, and perfume with oil of roses.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Borax, two drachms; strong rose-water, twelve ounces; glycerine, three
ounces; mucilage of quince seed, ten drachms. Mix.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Rose-water, half an ounce; oil of sweet almonds, half an ounce; pure
olive-oil, two ounces; spermaceti, half an ounce; white wax, one
drachm. Melt sperm and wax with the oil by means of water-bath. Then
add the rose-water, and stir till cool. When nearly cool, add oil of
roses or any other perfume desired.--_Dr. E. A. C._


White wax, two ounces; spermaceti, two ounces and two drachms;
camphor, six drachms. Melt, and add olive-oil, five ounces and five
drachms; glycerine, three drachms. Make into eighteen cakes.--_Dr. E.
A. C._


Spermaceti, two drachms; white wax, two drachms; pulverized camphor,
two drachms; washed lard, half an ounce; pure olive-oil, half an
ounce. Melt in water-bath, and stir with it, while cooling, two
drachms glycerine.

_Note._--This is excellent, will relieve almost instantly, and will
cure in a few applications.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Prepared chalk, two pounds; powdered orris-root, two pounds; powdered
white castile soap, quarter of a pound; powdered white sugar, quarter
of a pound; powdered pumice-stone, half an ounce; powdered carmine,
half an ounce; oil of lemon, half an ounce; oil of lavender, half an
ounce. Powder the carmine as fine as possible; then add to it the
pumice-stone, then the sugar, then the soap, orris, and chalk in
succession. Then add the flavoring drop by drop, mixing it thoroughly
with all the ingredients. Sift through the finest apothecaries'
sieve.--_Dr. E. A. C._

_For the Teeth._

Van Buskirk's Sozodont, manufactured by Hall & Ruckel, N. Y., is all
that it claims to be. I have known it tried ten years consecutively
with the happiest results.--_Mrs. S. T._


Powdered charcoal, six ounces; gum myrrh, one ounce; pale Peruvian
bark, one ounce. Mix thoroughly.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Pure olive-oil, six ounces; perfumed with oil of jessamine.--_Dr. E.
A. C._


Castor-oil, ten ounces; pure alcohol, six ounces. Perfume with oil of
bergamot or any other perfume preferred.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Glycerine, one and a half ounces; tincture cantharides (95 per cent.),
half an ounce; sulph. quinine, twenty grains; alcohol, four ounces.
Mix together; perfume with oil of roses.--_Dr. E. A. C._

_Another Hair Tonic._

Claimed to restore falling out hair, when baldness is not hereditary.
Tincture of cantharides (officinal), one ounce; glycerine, one and a
half ounce; rose-water, three and a half ounces.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Pyrogallic acid, one drachm; distilled water, three ounces.
Dissolve.--_Dr. E. A. C._

NO. 2.

Nitrate of silver (crystals), one drachm; aqua ammonia, strong, two
drachms; distilled water, six drachms. Mix.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Sugar of lead (chemically pure), one drachm; milk of sulphur, two
drachms; rose-water, four ounces; glycerine, one ounce. Mix.--_Dr. E.
A. C._


Bay rum, three quarts; tincture cantharides (officinal), one and a
half ounces; carb. ammonia, half an ounce; salts of tartar, one ounce.
Mix. Thoroughly cleanse the hair with clean water after using.--_Dr.
E. A. C._


Gum tragacanth, six ounces; rose-water, one gallon; otto of roses,
half an ounce. Steep the gum in the water a day or two. Agitate
frequently while forming into a gelatinous mass. After standing
forty-eight hours, strain through a clean, coarse linen cloth. Again
let it stand a few days, and then strain a second time. When the
consistency is uniform, add the otto of roses, and color with
carmine.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Is made as the above, except that no coloring is used, and it is
scented with quarter of an ounce of oil of bitter almonds instead of
rose.--_Dr. E. A. C._


Dissolve one ounce borax and half an ounce camphor in a quart boiling
water. For cleaning combs and brushes use two teaspoonfuls
supercarbonate soda dissolved in half a pint boiling water, or else
use one teaspoonful hartshorn dissolved in a little water.--_Mrs. R._


Wash the hair thoroughly in rain-water with a good deal of borax
dissolved in it.--_Mrs. C. C._


Make a thin paste of starch and water. Spread over the stain. When
dry, brush the starch off and the stain is gone. Two or three
applications will remove the worst stains.--_Mrs. D._



     Batter bread,                                                  56
       "      "    2d recipe,                                       57
       "      "    3d   " ,                                         57
     Brown bread,                                                   40
     Biscuit, beaten,                                               42
       "        "     2d recipe,                                    42
       "        "     cream,                                        42
       "        "     French,                                       41
       "        "     excellent light,                              43
       "        "     light,                                        43
       "        "     soda,                                         42
       "        "     thick,                                        43
       "        "     thin or crackers,                             43
     Box bread,                                                     40
     Bunns,                                                         39
     Cakes, Virginia ash,                                           61
       "    batter,                                                 55
       "       "    2d recipe,                                      55
       "       "    made of stale bread,                            55
       "       "    cheap recipe,                                   56
       "    old Virginia batter cakes,                              55
       "     "            "       "    2d,                          56
     Cakes, Boston cream,                                           53
       "    breakfast,                                              50
       "    buckwheat,                                              51
       "        "      2d recipe,                                   52
       "        "      3d   " ,                                     52
       "        "      4th  " ,                                     52
       "    buttermilk,                                             54
       "   corn,                                                    58
       "   cream,                                                   52
       "     "    2d,                                               53
       "     "    3d,                                               53
       "   farina,                                                  54
       "   flannel,                                                 51
       "      "     2d method,                                      51
       "      "     3d   " ,                                        51
       "   Indian griddle,                                          56
       "   Madison,                                                 50
       "   orange,                                                  50
       "   rice,                                                    54
       "   sour milk,                                               54
       "   velvet,                                                  50
     Corn-bread, plain,                                             61
       "    "    light,                                             59
     Crackers, Huntsville,                                          44
           "   soda,                                                43
           "   water,                                               44
     Cracklin-bread,                                                60
     Egg-bread,                                                     60
       "   "    old-fashioned,                                      59
       "   "    soft,                                               59
     Family bread,                                                  29
     Graham bread,                                                  40
     Grit or hominy bread,                                          58
       "       "      "    2d recipe,                               58
     Henrietta bread,                                               45
     Indian      " ,                                                60
     Lapland     " ,                                                45
       "         "  plain recipe,                                   45
     Leaven,                                                        27
     Light bread,                                                   31
     Jenny Lind bread,                                              46
     Loaf, cottage,                                                 39
     Loaf bread,                                                    29
       "    "    old Virginia,                                      29
       "    "    3d method,                                         30
     Lunch bread,                                                   46
     Lunn, quick Sallie,                                            36
       "   Sallie 2d,                                               34
       "      "   3d,                                               35
       "      "   4th,                                              35
       "      "   5th,                                              35
     New bread,                                                     45
     Old maids,                                                     39
     Muffins,                                                       36
       "      2d,                                                   37
       "      3d,                                                   38
       "      bread,                                                38
       "      corn,                                                 57
       "      cream,                                                38
       "      white egg,                                            38
       "      Parker House,                                         37
       "      salt sulphur,                                         36
       "      soda,                                                 38
       "      superior,                                             37
       "      sweet spring,                                         36
     Mush bread,                                                    59
     Pockets,                                                       34
     Pone, St. Nicholas,                                            58
     Potato bread,                                                  39
     Puffs, breakfast,                                              46
       "    nun's,                                                  44
     Rice bread,                                                    60
     Rolls, hot or cold loaf bread,                                 31
       "    French,                                                 31
       "      "     2d,                                             32
       "      "     or twist,                                       32
       "    pocketbook,                                             33
       "    velvet,                                                 32
     Rusks,                                                         40
       "    egg,                                                    41
       "    German,                                                 41
     Salt risen bread,                                              47
       "    "     "    2d,                                          47
     Turnovers,                                                     33
     Twist,                                                         34
     Wafers,                                                        44
     Waffles,                                                       47
       "      2d,                                                   48
       "      3d,                                                   48
       "      corn meal,                                            57
       "      mush,                                                 49
       "      rice,                                                 49
       "       "    2d,                                             49
       "      superior rice,                                        49
       "      soda,                                                 48
       "      another recipe,                                       48
     Yeast,                                                         25
       "    alum,                                                   27
       "    another recipe,                                         26
       "    Irish potato,                                           26
       "    that never fails,                                       26


     Café au lait,                                                  63
     Coffee, to make,                                               62
       "       "      2d,                                           62
       "     boiled,                                                61
       "     dripped or filtered,                                   63
       "        "          "      2d,                               63
       "     to toast,                                              61
     Broma,                                                         65
     Chocolate,                                                     65
     Cocoa,                                                         65
     Black tea,                                                     64
       "    "   2d,                                                 64
     Green " ,                                                      63
       "   "   2d,                                                  64
       "   "  a good cup of,                                        64
     Iced  " ,                                                      64


     Butter, to secure nice for the table in winter,                67
     Butter, putting up,                                            67
     Clabber,                                                       67
     Cottage cheese,                                                68


     Asparagus soup,                                                83
       "         "   2d,                                            83
     Beef        " ,                                                74
       "         "   2d,                                            74
     Beef's head, to prepare as stock for soup,                     74
     Calf's head soup,                                              75
       "      "    "   2d,                                          75
       "      "    "   3d,                                          76
       "      "    "   4th,                                         76
       "      "    "   5th,                                         77
       "      "    "   brown,                                       77
     Clam soup,                                                     72
       "    "   2d,                                                 73
     Chicken soup,                                                  78
       "       "   2d,                                              79
     Crab      " ,                                                  73
       "       "   2d,                                              74
     Giblet    " ,                                                  79
     Gumbo     " ,                                                  80
       "       "   2d,                                              80
     Okra      " ,                                                  79
     Ox-tail   " ,                                                  78
     Oyster    " ,                                                  69
       "       "   2d,                                              70
       "       "   3d,                                              70
       "       "   economical,                                      69
       "       "   purée of,                                        70
     Pea       " ,                                                  83
       "       "   green,                                           84
       "       "   2d,                                              84
     Potato    " ,                                                  84
       "       "   2d,                                              84
     Terrapin soup, mock,                                           72
     Turtle    " ,                                                  71
       "       "   2d,                                              71
       "       "   3d,                                              72
       "       "   mock,                                            72
     Tomato    " ,                                                  82
       "       "   2d,                                              83
       "       "   clear,                                           83
     Veal      "   roast, and chicken bone soup,                    79
     Vegetable soup,                                                81
       "         "   fine,                                          80


     Clam or oyster fritters,                                       90
     Crabs, to cook,                                                94
       "    devilled,                                               94
       "        "     2d,                                           94
       "    hard, to devil,                                         95
     Crab stew,                                                     94
       "  soft,                                                     95
     Lobster curry,                                                 95
     Terrapin,                                                      96
       "      or turtle in batter,                                  96
       "         "      steaks,                                     96
       "         "      stew,                                       96
     Turtles, to cook,                                              96
       "      stewed,                                               96
     Oysters, broiled,                                              90
       "      to cook,                                              86
       "       " ,                                                  89
       "      devilled,                                             88
       "         " ,                                                88
       "      fritters,                                             89
       "          " ,                                               89
       "      to fry,                                               89
       "      fried,                                                89
       "        "    2d,                                            90
       "      to fry,                                               90
       "        "     2d,                                           90
       "      to keep alive and fatten,                             94
       "      pâtés,                                                92
       "      pie,                                                  92
       "       "   2d,                                              92
       "      pickled,                                              91
       "        "      2d,                                          91
       "        "      3d,                                          92
       "      raw,                                                  93
       "      to roast,                                             91
       "      sausage,                                              93
       "      steamed,                                              90
       "      shortcake,                                            93
       "      scalloped,                                            86
       "          "      2d,                                        87
       "          "      3d,                                        87
       "          "      4th,                                       88


     A la crême,                                                    98
     Cat fish,                                                      99
      "   "    or hog fish,                                         99
     Cod fish balls,                                               104
      "   "   boiled,                                              104
      "   "   salt, to dress,                                      105
      "   "   Nantucket,                                           105
     Chowder,                                                       99
     Chowder, 2d,                                                  100
     Drum or sturgeon,                                             104
     German fish stew,                                             107
     Halibut,                                                       98
       "      2d,                                                   98
     Mackerel, boiled,                                             105
       "       to broil,                                           105
       "       salt, to cook,                                      106
     Perch, to fry,                                                104
     Rock fish, baked,                                             101
     Rock, to boil,                                                101
       "   boiled, 2d,                                             101
       "   pickled,                                                102
       "   to stew,                                                101
     Shad, baked,                                                  102
       "   to barbecue,                                            103
       "    " broil,                                               102
       "    " fry,                                                 102
       "   potted,                                                 103
       "   to roast,                                               102
     Salmon, to bake, to boil and steak,                           106
       "     to pickle,                                            107
     Sheep's head, to bake,                                        100
            "      or rock, to boil,                               100
            "      to bake, 2d,                                    100
            "       "   "   3d,                                    101
            "      boiled,                                         100
     Sturgeon, baked,                                              104
       "       cutlet,                                             103
       "       scalloped,                                          103
     Trout, to fry,                                                104


     Duck, wild,                                                   111
       "     "   to cook for breakfast,                            111
     Fowl    "    " roast in a stove,                              110
     Goose   " ,                                                   111
       "     "   2d,                                               111
     Partridges, to broil,                                         112
          "      and pheasants, to cook,                           112
          "      to roast,                                         112
     Pigeon, to broil,                                             112
       "     pie,                                                  113
       "     to stew,                                              113
     Rabbit, barbecue,                                             109
       "     roast,                                                109
       "     stewed,                                               109
       "       "     2d,                                           109
     Reed birds, to dress,                                         113
     Sora, ortolans and other small birds, to cook,                113
     Sora, ortolans, robins and other small birds, to cook,        114
     Squirrel, to barbecue,                                        108
     Turkey, wild,                                                 110
       "       "   simple way of preparing,                        110
     Venison, haunch,                                              108
       "        "     of,                                          107
     Venison, stewed,                                              108
       "        "     2d,                                          108


     Backbone or chine, to cook,                                   120
       " pie,                                                      120
     Bacon, to cure,                                               125
       "    curing,                                                125
       "    fried,                                                 130
       "    and greens,                                            129
       "    shoulder of,                                           129
     Chine, to dress,                                              121
       "    roast,                                                 121
     Ham, baked,                                                   127
      "     "    2d,                                               128
      "   or tongue, bake,                                         127
      "   broiled,                                                 129
      "   of pork, to cook,                                        121
      "   for curing,                                              125
      "   Virginia mode of curing,                                 124
      "   to boil,                                                 126
      "    "   "   2d,                                             127
      "   weighing 10 lbs,                                         126
      "   fried,                                                   129
      "   an improvement to,                                       126
      "   relish,                                                  131
      "   spiced,                                                  129
      "   stuffed and baked,                                       128
      "   to stuff, fresh cured,                                   128
      "   toast,                                                   131
      "     "    2d,                                               131
     Jowl and turnip salad,                                        130
     Lard, to cure,                                                124
     Leg of pork stuffed,                                          121
     Pickled pork, equal to fresh,                                 130
     Pork royal,                                                   122
       "  steak,                                                   119
     Sausage meat,                                                 122
       "       "   excellent recipe,                               122
       "     seasoning for,                                        122
     Salt pork, how to cook,                                       131
     Spare ribs,                                                   119
       "     "   pork,                                             119
       "     "   3d,                                               119
       "     "   4th,                                              119
       "     "   grisken and short ribs, to cook,                  120
     Souse cheese,                                                 123
       "   to make from hogs' feet,                                123
     Sweetbread of hog,                                            123
     Tongue or ham, potted,                                        131
     Barbecue shoat,                                               132
     Forequarter of shoat to roast,                                132
     Head of shoat,                                                134
       "   "   "    to stew,                                       135
       "   " pig to hash,                                          135
     Head and jowl of pig to stew,                                 134
     Jowl of shoat,                                                133
     Roast pig,                                                    133
       " shoat,                                                    132


     À-la mode,                                                    140
       "    "   2d,                                                140
       "    "   3d,                                                141
     Boiled beef and turnips,                                      141
     Brine for beef,                                               154
     Brains, croquettes,                                           151
       "     to dress,                                             150
       "      " fry,                                               150
       "      "  " ,                                               150
       "      " stew,                                              150
     Collaps, beef,                                                146
     Collar,                                                       142
     Cow heel,                                                     153
      "    " fried,                                                153
     Corned beef,                                                  154
       "      "   2d,                                              156
       "      "   3d,                                              156
       "      "   and tongues,                                     155
       "      "   or pork,                                         155
       "    round, to cook,                                        158
       "    beef, how to cook,                                     159
       "      "   tongue, to cook,                                 158
     Cure     "   for drying,                                      159
       "      "   ham,                                             160
     Daube Froide,                                                 163
     Dry beef and tongue,                                          160
     French dish,                                                  153
     Frizzled beef,                                                144
     Fricasséed beef,                                              145
     Gravy brown,                                                  152
       " for roast beef,                                           152
     Heel of beef to fry,                                          153
     Hunter's beef or spiced round,                                156
       "        "   "   "      "    2d,                            157
     Heart of   " ,                                                147
     Kidneys, broiled,                                             148
       "      fried,                                               148
       "        "    2d,                                           148
       "      grilled,                                             148
       "      stewed,                                              147
       "         "    2d,                                          147
     Liver,                                                        149
       "    fried,                                                 149
       "    to fry,                                                149
       "    to fry with onions,                                    149
       "    dried for relish,                                      149
     Ox-heart, to roast,                                           147
     Roast beef,                                                   138
       "     "   2d,                                               139
     Rib roast of beef,                                            139
     Round of beef, to spice,                                      157
     Rump  "    "   to stew,                                       145
     Steak, broiled,                                               142
       "      "      2d,                                           143
       "    how to cook,                                           143
       "    fried,                                                 144
       "    to fry,                                                144
       "    fried with onions,                                     148
     Stew, Lebanon,                                                146
     Sausage, beef,                                                152
       "      bologna,                                             152
     Smoked beef,                                                  159
     Spiced   " ,                                                  157
     Tongue à la terrapin,                                         146
       "    toast,                                                 147
       "    to stew,                                               146
       "    to pickle,                                             155
     Tripe,                                                        151
       "    2d,                                                    151
       "    to fry,                                                152
       "     " prepare,                                            151
     Calves' brains,                                               167
     Cake, of veal,                                                164
     Chops, veal,                                                  161
     Cutlets, veal,                                                162
       "        "   2d,                                            162
       "        "   3d,                                            162
     Cold veal, dressed with white sauce,                          163
     Daub veal,                                                    167
     Feet, calf's, dressed as terrapins,                           165
     Head, calf's,                                                 167
       "     "     to bake,                                        167
     Liver, bewitched,                                             166
       "    broiled,                                               165
       "    to fry,                                                166
       "      "     2d,                                            166
       "    simple way of cooking,                                 166
     Loaf, veal,                                                   163
       "     "   2d,                                               164
     Loin of veal, stewed,                                         160
     Minced    " ,                                                 163
     Roast     " ,                                                 161
     Steak     " ,                                                 161
     Sweetbreads,                                                  165
       "    "     2d,                                              165
       "    "     3d,                                              165


     Broiled,                                                      170
     Chops, mutton,                                                172
       "      "     2d,                                            172
       "      "     3d,                                            173
       "      "     broiled,                                       173
     Corned   " ,                                                  171
     Leg of mutton, boiled,                                        170
     Leg of mutton, boiled, 2d,                                    170
      "       "     roast,                                         169
     Roast mutton,                                                 169
     Saddle of mutton, to cook,                                    171
       "         "       " ,                                       171
       "         "     iced,                                       171
       "         "     to roast,                                   170
     Shoulder    "     corned,                                     172
     Slices, grilled,                                              174
     Stew,                                                         173
       "   2d,                                                     173
     Tongues, sheep,                                               174
     Lamb's head,                                                  175
       "      "   to fricassee,                                    175
     Roast lamb,                                                   174
     Shoulder of lamb, to grill,                                   174
     Decorations and garnishes for cold meat and salads,           175


     Chickens,                                                     183
       "      to boil,                                             184
       "      " broil,                                             187
       "      " dress with tomatoes,                               186
       "      " fricassee,                                         187
       "      fried,                                               186
       "        "    2d,                                           186
       "      pie,                                                 187
       "       "   2d,                                             188
       "      pudding,                                             188
       "          "    2d,                                         188
       "          "    with potatoes,                              188
       "      to roast,                                            184
       "      smothered,                                           185
       "      to steam,                                            184
       "      "  stew,                                             185
       "      "   " ,                                              185
     Ducks, young, to prepare,                                     190
       "    to stew,                                               190
     Goose, devilled,                                              189
       "    to roast,                                              189
     Turkey, boiled,                                               180
       "       "     2d,                                           180
       "     boned,                                                181
       "     devilled,                                             181
       "     hash,                                                 181
     Turkey, meat jelly for,                                       183
       "     roast,                                                178
       "       "    2d,                                            178
       "       "    3d,                                            179
       "       "    with truffles,                                 179
       "     to steam,                                             180


     Celery salad,                                                 196
     Chicken  " ,                                                  194
     Chicken salad, 2d,                                            195
       "       "    3d,                                            195
       "       "    4th,                                           196
       "       "    for 35 people,                                 195
     Fish salad,                                                   192
     Irish potato salad,                                           198
     Lettuce salad,                                                198
       "     dressed,                                              200
       "        " ,                                                200
     Lobster salad,                                                192
     Oyster    " ,                                                 191
     Potato    " ,                                                 197
       "       "   2d,                                             198
     Salmon salad, and lobster,                                    191
     Slaw,                                                         199
       "   cold,                                                   199
       "    "    2d,                                               199
     Terrapin salad,                                               192
     Tomato     " ,                                                197
     Turnip     " ,                                                197
     Turkey     " ,                                                193
       "        "   2d,                                            193
       "        "   3d,                                            194
     Veal and potato salad,                                        197


     Anchovy sauce,                                                202
     Apple     " ,                                                 204
     Cod's head, " for,                                             201
     Fish      " ,                                                 200
       "       "   2d,                                             201
       "       "   3d,                                             202
       "       "  or sauce for salad,                              200
     Dutch     "  for fish,                                        201
     Horseradish sauce,                                            202
     Maître d'Hôte sauce,                                          202
     Mint sauce,                                                   204
     Mushroom sauce,                                               203
       "        " ,                                                203
     Nasturtium " ,                                                204
     Onion      " ,                                                204
     Pepper vinegar,                                               203
     Tomato sauce,                                                 203


     Asparagus sauce,                                              205
     Celery      " ,                                               205
     Cranberry   " ,                                               206
     Drawn butter,                                                 205
       "     "     2d,                                             206
       "     "     3d,                                             206
     Egg sauce,                                                    205
     Mushroom sauce,                                               206
     Oyster     " ,                                                205
     Sauce for boiled poultry,                                     205
     White sauce,                                                  204
     Cabbage dressing,                                             208
     Celery dressing,                                              211
       "      "       2d,                                          211
     Chicken salad dressing,                                       208
     Cold slaw       " ,                                           210
     Lettuce   " ,                                                 208
       "       "   2d,                                             210
     Sana Mayonnaise,                                              209
     Salad dressing,                                               207
       "     "       2d,                                           207
       "     "       3d,                                           207
       "     "       4th,                                          208
       "     "       5th,                                          210


     Apples, fried,                                                231
       "     spiced,                                               232
     Bacon fraise,                                                 227
     Beef cakes,                                                   226
     Beefsteak and potatoes,                                       226
     Breakfast dish,                                               221
       "         "   2d,                                           222
     Broth, Scotch,                                                216
     Cassa rolls,                                                  221
     Calf's head pudding,                                          223
     Cold chicken, devilled,                                       225
       "     "     with vinegar,                                   225
     Croquettes,                                                   217
         "       2d,                                               217
         "       3d,                                               218
         "       4th,                                              218
     Chicken Croquettes,                                           217
     Croquettes balls,                                             218
         "      potato                                             218
         "      sausage                                            219
         "         "    2d,                                        219
         "      meat,                                              217
     Crumb pie,                                                    224
     Dried apples, peaches, quinces and pears, to stew,            231
     Fish and potatoes,                                            226
     Forcemeat balls,                                              219
     Fondée,                                                       230
     Giblet pie,                                                   225
     Gumbo,                                                        213
       "    2d,                                                    213
       "    3d,                                                    213
       "    filet à la Creole,                                     214
     Haggis,                                                       225
     Hash,                                                         220
       "   baked,                                                  222
     Hominy, to boil,                                              228
       "       "      2d,                                          229
       "     croquettes,                                           228
       "     fried,                                                229
     Hotch potch,                                                  216
     Liver pudding,                                                223
     Loaf, meat,                                                   216
     Macaroni,                                                     227
        "      2d,                                                 227
        "      3d,                                                 227
        "      Italian method,                                     227
     Mince, with bread crumbs,                                     219
       "      "  potatoes,                                         220
     Mushrooms, broiled,                                           230
         "      to stew,                                           230
         "       " fry or broil,                                   229
         "      and sweetbread pâtés,                              229
     Mutton, hashed,                                               215
       "       "     2d,                                           215
       "       "     3d,                                           215
     Nice pie,                                                     223
     Pig's head pudding,                                           223
     Potato pie,                                                   223
       "     "   2d,                                               223
     Pot pourri,                                                   220
     Prunes, stewed,                                               232
     Ragoût souse,                                                 221
     Rice and egg pâtés,                                           231
     Sandwiches,                                                   222
         "       2d,                                               222
     Squab pie,                                                    225
     Side dish,                                                    216
     Stew, black,                                                  216
     Stew, Brunswick,                                              211
     Stew      "      2d,                                          212
       "       "      3d,                                          212
       "       "      4th,                                         212
     Terrapin, mock,                                               221
     Tongue and prunes,                                            231
     Veal pâtés,                                                   214
     Welsh rarebit,                                                231


     À la crême,                                                   237
     Boiled eggs,                                                  233
       "      "   soft,                                            333
     Baked for dinner,                                             237
     Egg cups, breakfast dish,                                     233
      "  for breakfast,                                            233
     Egg with toast,                                               236
     Ham and eggs,                                                 236
      "  egg pudding,                                              237
     Omelette,                                                     234
       "       2d,                                                 234
       "       3d,                                                 234
       "       4th,                                                234
       "       cheese,                                             235
       "       German,                                             235
       "       ham,                                                235
       "       mock,                                               235
       "       soufflé,                                            235
     Pie, egg,                                                     237
     Poached eggs,                                                 236
     Rumble    " ,                                                 236
     Scrambled eggs,                                               233
       "         " ,                                               233
     Stuffed,                                                      237


     Artichokes, burr,                                             249
     Asparagus, to cook,                                           238
       "          "      2d,                                       239
     Beans, lima, to boil,                                         245
       "      "     "      2d,                                     245
       "      "     "      3d,                                     254
     Beets, to boil,                                               239
     Cabbage, with bacon, to boil,                                 251
       "      boiled without bacon,                                251
       "      fried,                                               252
       "      pudding,                                             251
       "         "     2d,                                         251
     Cauliflower,                                                  252
     Celery,                                                       240
     Corn fritters,                                                242
       "     "      2d,                                            243
       "     "      for breakfast,                                 243
       "  green, to boil,                                          241
       "  pudding,                                                 242
       "    "      2d,                                             242
       "  put in brine,                                            254
     Cucumbers, to dress raw,                                      246
     Cucumbers, to fry,                                            246
     Cymlings, with bacon,                                         240
        "      to fry,                                             241
        "      fritters,                                           241
        "      pudding,                                            241
        "      or squash to stew,                                  240
     Egg-plant, to bake,                                           249
      "    "    to fry,                                            249
      "    "    pudding,                                           249
      "    "    to stew,                                           248
     Okra,                                                         246
     Onions, to bake,                                              239
       "      " cook,                                              239
       "      " dress raw,                                         240
     Onions, to fry,                                               239
     Parsnips, to cook,                                            250
       "        " fry,                                             249
       "        " stew,                                            249
     Peas, cornfield or black-eye,                                 254
       "   dried, to boil,                                         254
       "   green,   " ,                                            238
     Pees, kon-feel,                                               253
     Potato chips, Irish,                                          247
       "    cakes,                                                 247
     Potatoes creamed,                                             247
       "      Irish, to boil,                                      246
     Potato hash,                                                  247
       "    pudding,                                               247
       "    snow,                                                  247
     Potatoes, sliced, to fry,                                     247
       "       sweet, to boil,                                     248
       "         "    to cook inferior,                            248
       "         "    to fry,                                      248
     Radishes,                                                     240
     Ropa Viga,                                                    244
     Salsify, to cook,                                             250
       "       " fry,                                              250
       "       " stew,                                             250
       "       "  " ,                                              250
     Slaw, warm,                                                   251
       "     "   2d,                                               252
       "     "   3d,                                               252
     Snaps, to boil,                                               240
     Spinach,                                                      252
     Succotash,                                                    246
     Tomatoes, baked,                                              243
       "         "    2d,                                          243
       "       fried,                                              244
       "       omelet,                                             244
       "       raw, to dress,                                      245
       "        "      "      2d,                                  245
       "       stewed,                                             244
       "         "     2d,                                         244
     Tomato toast,                                                 245
     Turnips,                                                      253
       "      salad,                                               253
       "      to stew,                                             253
     Yams, to dress,                                               248


     Apple pickle,                                                 294
     Blackberry pickle,                                            295
     Cabbage      "     for present use,                           262
       "          "     cut,                                       262
       "          "     chopped,                                   263
     Cantaloupe pickle, 3,                                    287, 288
     Composition  " ,                                              291
     Cherry       " ,                                              295
     Chow-chow    "     5,                                     282-284
       "    "     "  (Leesburg),                                   285
     Cucumber pickle, 4,                                       266-268
       "        "    boiled,                                       268
       "        "    ripe,                                         269
       "        "    sweet, 2,                                     269
     Damson     "    2,                                       290, 291
     French     "    2,                                            292
     Green      "    3,                                        264-266
     German     " ,                                                290
     Honolulu melon pickle,                                        287
     Hyden salad, 5,                                           273-275
     Ingredients for one gallon green pickle,                      258
     Kentucky pickle,                                              292
     Lemon      "     2,                                           294
     Mangoes, oil, 3,                                              276
       "      to green,                                            270
       "      stuffing for 60,                                     270
       "      peach, 4,                                       278, 279
       "      pepper,                                              279
     Martinas pickle,                                         281, 282
     Muskmelon pickle,                                             288
     Onion       "     2,                                     293, 294
     Peach       "     4,                                     286, 287
       "         "     spiced,                                     286
       "         "     sweet,                                      286
     Pear, peach or quince pickle,                                 287
     Plum pickle,                                                  289
     Preparing pickles,                                            258
     Ragoût pickle,                                                291
     Spanish  " ,                                                  293
     Sweet    " ,                                             287, 290
     Tomato   "  (green) 3,                                   269, 270
       "      "  (sweet) 3,                                        272
       "      "  (ripe)                                            272
       "   sauce (green) 3,                                   270, 271
       "   marmalade or sauce for meats,                           273
     Vinegar for pickle, 3,                                        256
       "      "  yellow pickle,                                    257
     Walnut pickle, 4,                                        280, 281
     Watermelon pickle, 4,                                         289
       "          "     sweet,                                     288
     Yellow       "     7,                                     258-261
     Bay sauce, 2,                                                 299
     Caper sauce,                                                  302
     Celery vinegar,                                               301
     Cucumber catsup, 4,                                           297
     Horseradish sauce,                                            301
     Mushroom catsup, 4,                                      299, 300
       "      sauce,                                               300
     Mustard, to mix,                                              303
       "      aromatic,                                            303
     Pepper catsup,                                                302
       "    sauce,                                                 301
       "    vinegar,                                               302
     Tomato catsup, 2,                                        295, 296
     Tartan sauce,                                                 302
       "      "    (Morcan's),                                     303
     Walnut catsup, 3,                                             298
       "    leaves, catsup from,                                   298
     Almond cake, 2,                                               328
     Angel's  " ,                                                  311
       "     bread,                                                323
     Black cake,                                              314, 315
     Brides' cake, 4,                                         309, 310
     Capital   " ,                                                 342
     Citron    " 4,                                           327, 328
     Cocoanut cake, 6,                                        322, 324
     Chocolate  " 5,                                          325, 326
       "       jelly cake,                                         327
     Corn-starch " ,                                               313
     Clay        " ,                                               323
     Cream       " 2,                                         340, 341
     Currant     " ,                                               329
     Cup         " 3,                                              342
     Custard     " ,                                               344
     Cake,                                                         343
       "   with sauce,                                             344
       "   that never fails,                                       344
     Delicate cake, 2,                                             312
     Delicious  "   2,                                             343
     Fruit      "   7,                                         316-319
     Fig        " ,                                                329
     Gold       " ,                                                311
     Mrs. Galt's cake,                                             345
     Jelly for     " 2,                                       334, 335
     Jelly         " 2,                                            335
     Jelly cake (lemon) 2,                                    335, 336
       "     "  (rolled) 2,                                        336
       "     "  filling for,                                       337
     Kettle cake,                                                  345
     Lady     " 2,                                            311, 312
     Lee      " (R. E.) 2,                                         321
     Leighton cake,                                                306
     Lemon      " 2,                                          320, 321
     Mountain cake,                                                307
       "      ash-cake,                                            308
     Merry Christmas cake,                                         312
     Marble cake,                                             337, 339
       "    or Bismarck cake,                                      339
     Norfolk " ,                                                   345
     Naples biscuit,                                               347
     Orange cake, 3,                                          319, 320
     Parson's " ,                                                  346
     Pound    " 7,                                            329, 331
     Pineapple " ,                                                 319
     Risen    " ,                                                  346
     Rose or clouded cake,                                         339
     Ruggles'          " ,                                         346
     Silver            " ,                                         310
     Snow              " ,                                         308
       " mountain      " ,                                         307
     Spice mountain cake,                                          340
     Sponge           " 2,                                         332
     Sponge cake (confederate),                                    332
       "      "  (cream)                                           333
       "      "  (butter) 2,                                  331, 332
       "      "  (extra),                                          333
       "      "  that never fails,                                 333
       "      "  roll, 2,                                          334
     Tipsy cakes,                                                  347
     Velvet  " ,                                                   347
     White   " 2,                                                  305
       "     " (superior)                                          305
       "   mountain cake, 4,                                  306, 307
       "       "    ash-cake,                                      308
       "   fruitcake, 4,                                      313, 314
     Whortleberry,                                                 347
     Icing for cakes,                                              349
     Icing, 5, 348,                                                349
       "    boiled, 2,                                        348, 349
       "    cold,                                                  348
       "    hot,                                              348, 349
     Ginger bread,                                            350, 351
     Ginger bread, cup cake,                                       351
       "      "    lightened,                                      351
       "      "    risen,                                          351
       "      "    soft,                                           350
     Ginger loaf,                                                  350
     Molasses cake, 2,                                        351, 352
       "      or black cake,                                       352
       "      pound cake,                                          352
     Small cakes,                                                  353
     Albany cakes,                                                 353
     Bonnefeadas,                                                  361
     Coffee cakes,                                                 357
     Cookies,                                                      358
     Cinnamon cakes, 2,                                            357
     Coffee     " ,                                                357
     Cream      " ,                                                354
     Crullers,                                                     359
     Delicate tea cakes, 2,                                        360
     Delicious small cakes,                                        361
     Dimples,                                                      362
     Drop cakes,                                                   353
     Ginger cakes, 2,                                         362, 363
       "      "    (drop)                                          364
       "      "    (cheap)                                         363
       "    bunns,                                                 363
       "    snaps, 2,                                         363, 364
     Gloucester cakes,                                             359
     Holmcroft,                                                    358
     Jumbles, 3,                                                   356
       "      (Jackson),                                           356
       "      (lemon),                                             361
     Macaroons,                                                    356
     Marguerites, 3,                                          354, 355
     Molasses cakes,                                               364
     Nothings,                                                     358
     Scotch cakes,                                                 353
     Strawberry cakes,                                             357
     Sugar        " ,                                              358
     Shrewsbury   " ,                                              355
     Sweet crackers,                                               353
     Spice nuts,                                                   364
     Tea cakes, 2,                                            359, 360
     Tartaric cakes,                                               360
     Wafers, 2,                                                    362


     Apple pudding, 5,                                             376
     Apple charlotte,                                              377
     Apple custard,                                                378
     Apple custard pudding,                                        377
     Apple méringue, 2,                                            377
     Apple dumplings,                                              373
     Apple roll (baked),                                           377
     Almond pudding,                                               381
     Amherst   " ,                                                 370
     Arrowroot " ,                                                 389
     Batter    " ,                                                 398
     Balloons,                                                     398
     Bread pudding,                                                390
     Boiled bread pudding, 2,                                      372
     Boiled pudding of acid fruit,                                 371
       "    sweetmeat pudding,                                     372
       "    molasses    " ,                                        373
       "    pudding, 2,                                       370, 372
       "    dumplings, paste for,                                  373
     Cake pudding,                                                 387
     Caramel pudding,                                              383
     Citron    " 2,                                                378
     Cocoanut  " 5,                                           381, 382
     Chocolate " 2,                                           382, 383
     Cherry    " ,                                                 371
     Cheese-cake pudding,                                          388
     Cracker      " ,                                              392
     Cream        " ,                                              395
     Currant      " ,                                              375
     Custard      " ,                                              390
     Cottage      " ,                                              396
     Delicious pudding,                                            398
         "     hasty pudding,                                      397
     Eve's pudding,                                                374
     Economical pudding,                                           400
     Extra fine   " ,                                              399
     Fruit        " ,                                         374, 391
     French       " ,                                              391
     Feather      " ,                                              397
     Irish potato " ,                                              394
     Indian       " ,                                              399
     Jelly roll,                                                   387
     Lemon pudding, 4,                                             380
     Lemon méringue, 2,                                            381
     Molasses pudding, 3,                                     395, 396
     Marrow pudding,                                               392
     Original  "    2,                                        369, 392
     Orange    "    4,                                        378, 379
     One egg   " ,                                                 398
     Peach dumplings,                                              375
     Penny pudding,                                                400
     Plain   " ,                                                   401
     Plum    "     4,                                          365-368
       "     "     Christmas,                                      368
       "     "     economical, 2,                                  369
       "     "     English,                                        367
       "     "     rich,                                           367
       "     "     simpler kind of,                                369
     Poor man's pudding,                                           400
     Puff         " ,                                              400
     Preserve     " ,                                              387
     Pudding without milk or eggs,                                 382
     Queen of puddings, 5,                                     383-385
     Raspberry pudding,                                            375
     Rice        "     3,                                     393, 394
     Sago        " ,                                          389, 390
     Sippet      " ,                                               390
     Snow        "     3,                                     386, 387
     Snowball    " ,                                               396
     Sweet potato " ,                                         394, 395
       "     "    roll,                                            372
     Suet pudding, 2,                                              373
       "  dumplings,                                               374
     Steam pudding,                                                370
     Superior " ,                                                  399
     Sweetmeat pudding, 2,                                         388
     Mrs. Spence's " ,                                             391
     Tapioca       " ,                                             385
       "     with apples,                                          386
     Teacup pudding,                                               391
     Texas    " ,                                                  396
     Thickened milk pudding,                                       347
     Transparent      " ,                                     388, 389
     Troy             " ,                                          371
     Tyler            " ,                                          395
     Virginia         " ,                                          398
     Washington       " ,                                          397


     Brandy sauce,                                                 402
     Cold     "   3,                                               403
     French   " ,                                                  402
     Lemon    " ,                                                  403
     Molasses " ,                                                  404
     Nice     " ,                                                  402
     Rich     " ,                                                  403
     Sauce for pudding, 3,                                    402, 403
       "   for boiled pastry,                                      404
     Wine sauce, 3,                                                400


     Apple pie, 1, 2, 3,                                      409, 410
     Blackberry pie,                                               410
     Cherry      " ,                                               409
     Cream       " 1, 2,                                           412
     Currant     " ,                                               409
     Custard     " ,                                               413
     Cream tarts,                                                  415
     Cheese cakes, almond, 1, 2,                                   415
           "       cornstarch,                                     414
           "       lemon,                                          414
     Damson pie,                                                   408
     Gooseberry pie,                                               410
     Lemon       " 1, 2, 3, 4,                                     406
     Lemon cream pie,                                              406
     Lemon tarts,                                                  415
     Mince meat, 1, 2, 3, 4,                                  411, 412
     Molasses pie, 1, 2,                                      413, 414
     Orange pie, 1, 2, 3,                                          407
     Pastry, 1, 2, 3,                                              405
     Puff paste,                                                   405
     Peach pie,                                                    408
     Peach méringue pie,                                           407
     Potato pie (sliced),                                          411
       "     " (sweet),                                            411
     Prune   " ,                                                   408
     Prune tarts,                                                  415
     Rhubarb pie,                                                  411
     Soda cracker pie,                                             413
     Silver        " ,                                             413
     Sugar         " ,                                             413
     Strawberry shortcake,                                         408
     Washington pie,                                               413
     Whortleberry " ,                                              410
     Fritters (Bell),                                              416
        "     (French),                                            416
        "     (made with yeast),                                   416
     Pancakes (common),                                            417
         "    (quire of paper),                                    417


     Jelly (calves' feet),                                         419
       "    cream,                                                 421
       "    crystal,                                               420
       "    gelatine, 2,                                           420
       "        "     without straining,                           420
       "        "     without eggs or boiling,                     421
     Jelly without boiling,                                        421
       "   (stock),                                                419
     Blanc-mange, 4,                                          421, 422
          "       (arrowroot),                                     422
          "       (coffee),                                        423
     Blanc-mange, (chocolate),                                     423
          "       (custard),                                       422
     Charlotte russe, 6,                                      423, 424
       "         "    (strawberry),                                424
     Baked custard, 3,                                             425
     Apples (baked),                                               429
     Apple compote,                                                429
       "   float,                                                  428
     Apples (nice dessert of),                                     429
       "    (nice plain dessert of),                               429
       "    (iced),                                                430
       "    (nice preparation of),                                 429
     Apple snow,                                                   428
     Bonny clabber,                                                428
     Cream (Bavarian) 2,                                           426
       "    Italian,                                               426
       "    Russian,                                               426
       "    Spanish, 2,                                       425, 426
       "    Tapioca, 2,                                            427
     Float,                                                        428
     Lemon froth,                                                  427
     Slip,                                                         428
     Syllabub,                                                     427


     Bisque ice-cream,                                             437
     Buttermilk ice-cream,                                         437
     Caramel ice-cream,                                            435
       "        "       (Norvell House),                           435
     Cocoanut   " 3,                                               436
     Chocolate  " ,                                           435, 436
     Gelatine   " ,                                                436
     Ice-cream, 3,                                                 432
        "       (without cream),                                   437
     Lemon ice-cream,                                              432
     Orange   " ,                                                  433
     Peach    " ,                                                  433
     Pineapple " ,                                                 434
     Strawberry ice-cream,                                         433
     Vanilla       " ,                                             434
     White         " ,                                             436

     _Frozen Custards._
     Bisque,                                                       438
     Caramel custard,                                              437
     Frozen custard, 2,                                       437, 438
       "    pudding,                                               438
     Plumbière,                                                    438
     Plum pudding glacé,                                           438

     Cream sherbet,                                                439
     Lemon   " 4,                                                  439
     Orange  " ,                                                   439

     _Water Ices._
     Citron ice,                                                   441
     Gelatine ice,                                                 441
     Orange    "  2,                                               440
     Pineapple ice, 3,                                        440, 441
     Raspberry  " ,                                                441
     Watermelon ice,                                               441

    _Fruit Desserts._
     Ambrosia, 2,                                                  442
     Cantaleupes,                                                  442
     Peaches and cream,                                            442
     Pineapple,                                                    442
     Strawberries,                                                 443
     Watermelons,                                                  442


     Apples (preserved for winter use),                            450
     Apple mange,                                                  450
       "   preserves (crab),                                       450
     Cherry   " ,                                                  451
     Candied fruit,                                                454
     Damson preserves,                                             451
     Fig       " ,                                                 452
     Fox grape " ,                                                 451
     Fruit (putting up),                                           453
     Lemon preserves,                                              448
       "       "     (sliced),                                     447
       "   marmalade,                                              448
       "   conserves,                                              454
     Muskmelon preserves (ripe),                                   446
     Orange      " ,                                               446
       "    marmalade, 2,                                          447
       "    conserves,                                             454
     Peach preserves, 2,                                      448, 449
       "   marmalade,                                              449
       "   (brandy) 2,                                        449, 450
       "   conserves,                                              454
     Pear preserves,                                               450
     Pineapple preserves,                                          446
     Quince jam,                                                   451
     Raspberry jam,                                                452
     Sweetmeat preserves,                                          444
     Strawberry   " ,                                              452
         "     jam,                                                452
     Syrup (golden),                                               454
     Tomato preserves,                                             453
        "   sweetmeats,                                            453
     Watermelon marmalade,                                         445
         "      or muskmelon preserves,                            445
     Apple jelly, 3,                                          455, 456
       "     "   (crab),                                           456
     Blackberry jelly,                                             454
     Currant      " ,                                              455
       "          "   (without cooking),                           454
     Cranberry jelly,                                              455
     Grape       " ,                                               457
     Green grape jelly,                                            457
     Orange        " ,                                             456
     Jelly oranges,                                                457
     Quince jelly,                                                 456
     Tomato,                                                       458


     Almond macaroons,                                             460
     Caramels, 2,                                                  459
        "     (chocolate),                                         460
     Cocoanut balls,                                               460
        "     caramels, 2,                                         460
        "     drops,                                               460
     Cream candy,                                                  459
     Cream chocolate,                                              460
     Nut candy,                                                    458
     Molasses candy,                                               459
     Sugar      "   2,                                             458
       "   kisses,                                                 458


     Blackberry wine, 4,                                      462, 463
     Cider        " ,                                              467
     Cherry       " ,                                              467
     Currant      "  3,                                            466
     Gooseberry   " ,                                              466
     Grape Wine, 3,                                                464
       "     "  (Catawba),                                    464, 465
       "     "  (wild black),                                      465
       "     "  (native),                                          465
     Fox grape wine,                                               465
     Orange      " ,                                               467
     Strawberry  " ,                                               467
     Tomato      " ,                                               467
     Apple toddy, 2,                                          468, 469
     Beer (cream),                                                 474
       "  (ginger),                                                475
       "  (lemon),                                                 475
       "  (small),                                                 475
       "  (summer),                                                474
     Blackberry cordial, 2,                                        470
     Cherry       " ,                                              471
     Crab cider,                                                   475
     Cider (mulled),                                               475
     Dewberry cordial, 2,                                     470, 471
     Eggnog,                                                       468
     Lemon vinegar,                                                474
       "   or orange syrup,                                        474
     Mint cordial,                                                 472
     Orgeat,                                                       474
     Raspberry acid,                                               473
         "     vinegar, 2,                                         473
     Regent punch,                                                 469
     Roman punch,                                             469, 470
     Rum     " ,                                                   469
     Strawberry acid, 2,                                           472
         "      cordial,                                           471
         "      vinegar,                                           472
     Tea punch,                                                    469


     Aromatic vinegar,                                             483
     Arrowroot, 2,                                            479, 480
     Asthma, sore-throat and cough, remedy for,                    491
     Beef essence,                                                 481
       "  tea,                                                     481
     Boils,                                                        493
       "   salve for,                                              493
     Bone felon,                                                   492
     Blisters, dressing for,                                       493
     Breakfast for an invalid,                                     480
     Breast salve,                                                 487
     Burns and scalds,                                             488
     Carolina small hominy,                                        483
     Carrot salve for blisters,                                    492
     Cold in the head, cure for, 2,                                490
     Colic, cure for,                                              486
       "   cramp, cure for,                                        486
     Corns, remedy for,                                            492
     Coughs, remedies for,                                         490
     Chalk mixture for infants and young children,                 489
     Chicken essence,                                              481
        "    jelly,                                                482
        "    cholera,                                              488
     Chilblains,                                                   486
     Chill pills,                                                  489
     Cuts,                                                         486
     Cracked wheat,                                                480
     Croup, good treatment for,                                    492
     Diarrhoea, remedy for,                                        489
     Dysentery      "     " ,                                      489
     Earache        "     " ,                                      487
     Inflamed eyes, remedy for,                                    487
     Epilepsy         "     " ,                                    486
     Food for sick infants,                                        480
     Flames, to extinguish clothing in,                            492
     Jaundice, remedy for,                                         491
     Jamaica ginger (Brown's),                                     484
     Lime-water,                                                   484
     Liniment (a good),                                            492
         "    for rheumatism,                                      492
         "    for recent burns,                                    489
     Mashed finger,                                                488
     Milk punch,                                                   481
     Mustard,                                                      484
        "    leaves,                                               485
     Nourishing way to prepare chicken, squirrel, or beef for the
       sick,                                                       482
     Ocean salt,                                                   486
     Panada,                                                       482
     Prickly heat, remedy for,                                     488
     Poison oak      "     "  2,                                   491
     Poisons, antidotes to,                                    494-496
     Acids,                                                        494
     Alkalies,                                                     494
     Arsenic,                                                      494
     Carbolic acid,                                                494
     Chloral,                                                      494
     Chloroform,                                                   495
     Copper,                                                       495
     Corrosive sublimate,                                          495
     Gases,                                                        495
     Glass, in powder,                                             495
     Iodine,                                                       495
     Lead,                                                         495
     Nitrate of silver,                                            495
     Opium,                                                        495
     Phosphorus,                                                   495
     Prussic acid,                                                 495
     Strychnine,                                                   496
     Tartar emetic,                                                496
     Venomous bites of rabid dogs and serpents,                    496
     Quinine, to take without tasting,                             493
     Racahaut,                                                     480
     Seamoss farina,                                               480
     Seltzer aperient,                                             484
     Soda mint,                                                    484
     Sore throat, remedy for, 3,                              485, 486
     Sick-room, 476,                                               496
     Scarlet fever, preventive to, 2,                         487, 488
     Snake bites,                                                  488
     Toast, dry,                                                   482
       "    milk,                                                  483
       "    scalded,                                               483
     Toothache drops,                                              487
     Thieves' vinegar,                                             483
     Weak back, remedy for,                                        494
     Wine whey,                                                    480
     Whooping-cough, remedy for,                                   490


     Ants and bugs, to destroy,                                    503
     Bedbugs         "   " ,                                       503
        "    poison,                                               503
     Brasses, to clean,                                            501
     Carpets, to wash,                                             499
        "     to remove ink from,                                  500
     Cement for rubber and glass,                                  503
     Egg-beater,                                                   502
     Egg stains, to remove from silver spoons,                     501
     Floors to oil,                                                499
        "   to dye,                                                499
     Furniture to clean,                                           500
         "     unvarnished, to clean,                              500
         "     polish, 2,                                     500, 501
     House-cleaning (directions for),                          496-498
     Knives and tins, to clean,                                    502
             "        to remove rust from,                         502
             "        to whiten handles of,                        502
     Mosquitoes,                                                   504
     Marble slabs, to clean,                                       500
     Oil-cloth, to wash, 2,                                        499
     Paint, to clean,                                              499
     Rats,                                                         504
     Red ants, remedy for,                                         503
     Sapolio for kitchen use,                                      502
     Silver, to clean, 2,                                          501
     Shading glass, mixture for,                                   503
     Soap, concentrated lye,                                       504
     Wall paper, to remove grease from,                            500
     Washing mixture,                                              504
     Whitewash, outdoor,                                           498
         "      indoor,                                            498


     Black cashmere, to wash,                                      505
     Black crape veils, to renew,                                  506
     Black silk, to renew old,                                     506
       "     "   to freshen old,                                   506
     Blue calicoes, to keep bright and fresh,                      507
     Colors, to set,                                               507
     Colors, to restore,                                           507
     Cloth, to remove spots from,                                  505
     Cloth, soap for removing grease from,                         505
     Clothes to clean,                                             505
     Fruit stains, to remove,                                      507
       "   or ink stains, to remove,                               507
     Iron rust, to remove,                                         508
     Mildew,     "   " ,                                           507
       "     Labaraque solution for,                               507
     Velvet, to restore the pile of,                               506


     Almond bandoline,                                             514
     Ammonia,                                                      508
     Borax,                                                        509
     Bottle wax,                                                   510
     Blood stains, to remove,                                      514
     Camphor ice,                                                  512
        "    salve,                                                512
     Cold cream,                                                   511
     Chaps, lotion for,                                            511
     Dandruff, to remove,                                          514
     Fertilizer for strawberries,                                  511
     Grafting wax,                                                 510
     Hair-oil, 3,                                                  513
       "  dye, 2,                                                  513
       "  tonic,                                                   513
       "  restorative,                                             518
       "  to clean,                                                514
       "  brushes, to clean,                                       514
     Herbs, to dry,                                                511
     Ink (black),                                                  509
      "  (red),                                                    509
     Liquid glue,                                                  510
        "   blacking,                                              510
     Lip salve (red),                                              511
     Rose bandoline,                                               514
     Shoe blacking,                                                510
     Shampoo liquor,                                               513
     Sozodont,                                                     512
     Tooth powder,                                                 512
       "     "     charcoal,                                       513


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