By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: Unveiling a Parallel - A Romance
Author: Jones, Alice Ilgenfritz, Marchant, Ella
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Unveiling a Parallel - A Romance" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

generously made available by Internet Archive/American Libraries

Note: Images of the original pages are available through
      Internet Archive/American Libraries. See

Transcriber's note:

      The oe-ligature is represented by [oe] (example: ph[oe]nix).


A Romance




Copyright 1893,
Arena Publishing Company.

All rights reserved.


       Chapter I. A Remarkable Acquaintance      5
      Chapter II. A Woman                       28
     Chapter III. The Auroras' Annual           59
      Chapter IV. Elodia                        88
       Chapter V. The Vaporizer                106
      Chapter VI. Cupid's Gardens              124
     Chapter VII. New Friends                  147
    Chapter VIII. A Talk With Elodia           157
      Chapter IX. Journeying Upward            190
       Chapter X. The Master                   220
      Chapter XI. A Comparison                 248

Chapter 1.


    "A new person is to me always a great event, and
    hinders me from sleep."

You know how certain kinds of music will beat everything out of your
consciousness except a wild delirium of joy; how love of a woman will
take up every cranny of space in your being,--and fill the universe
beside,--so that people who are not en rapport with the strains that
delight you, or with the beauty that enthralls you, seem pitiable
creatures, not in touch with the Divine Harmony, with Supreme

So it was with me, when I set my feet on Mars! My soul leaped to its
highest altitude and I had but one vast thought,--"I have triumphed; I
am here! And I am alone; Earth is unconscious of the glory that is

I shall not weary you with an account of my voyage, since you are more
interested in the story of my sojourn on the red planet than in the
manner of my getting there.

It is not literally red, by the way; that which makes it appear so at
this distance is its atmosphere,--its "sky,"--which is of a soft
roseate color, instead of being blue like ours. It is as beautiful as
a blush.

I will just say, that the time consumed in making the journey was
incredibly brief. Having launched my aeroplane on the current of
attraction which flows uninterruptedly between this world and that,
traveling was as swift as thought. My impression is that my speed was
constantly accelerated until I neared my journey's end, when the
planet's pink envelope interposed its soft resistance to prevent a
destructive landing.

I settled down as gently as a dove alights, and the sensation was the
most ecstatic I have ever experienced.

When I could distinguish trees, flowers, green fields, streams of
water, and people moving about in the streets of a beautiful city, it
was as if some hitherto unsuspected chambers of my soul were flung
open to let in new tides of feeling.

My coming had been discovered. A college of astronomers in an
observatory which stands on an elevation just outside the city, had
their great telescope directed toward the Earth,--just as our
telescopes were directed to Mars at that time,--and they saw me and
made me out when I was yet a great way off.

They were able to determine the exact spot whereon I would land, about
a mile distant from the observatory, and repaired thither with all
possible speed,--and they have very perfect means of locomotion,
superior even to our electrical contrivances.

Before I had time to look about me, I found myself surrounded, and
unmistakably friendly hands outheld to welcome me.

There were eight or ten of the astronomers,--some young, some
middle-aged, and one or two elderly men. All of them, including the
youngest, who had not even the dawn of a beard upon his chin, and the
oldest, whose hair was silky white, were strikingly handsome. Their
features were extraordinarily mobile and expressive. I never saw a
more lively interest manifest on mortal countenances than appeared on
theirs, as they bent their glances upon me. But their curiosity was
tempered by a dignified courtesy and self-respect.

They spoke, but of course I could not understand their words, though
it was easy enough to interpret the tones of their voices, their
manner, and their graceful gestures. I set them down for a people who
had attained to a high state of culture and good-breeding.

I suddenly felt myself growing faint, for, although I had not fasted
long, a journey such as I had just accomplished is exhausting.

Near by stood a beautiful tree on which there was ripe fruit. Some one
instantly interpreted the glance I involuntarily directed to it, and
plucked a cluster of the large rich berries and gave them to me, first
putting one in his own mouth to show me that it was a safe experiment.

While I ate,--I found the fruit exceedingly refreshing,--the company
conferred together, and presently one of the younger men approached
and took me gently by the arm and walked me away toward the city. The
others followed us.

We had not to go farther than the first suburb. My companion, whom
they called Severnius, turned into a beautiful park, or grove, in the
midst of which stood a superb mansion built of dazzling white stone.
His friends waved us farewells with their hands,--we responding in
like manner,--and proceeded on down the street.

I learned afterwards that the park was laid out with scientific
precision. But the design was intricate, and required study to follow
the curves and angles. It seemed to me then like an exquisite mood of

The trees were of rare and beautiful varieties, and the shrubbery of
the choicest. The flowers, whose colors could not declare
themselves,--it being night,--fulfilled their other delightful
function and tinctured the balmy air with sweet odors.

Paths were threaded like white ribbons through the thick greensward.

As we walked toward the mansion, I stopped suddenly to listen to a
most musical and familiar and welcome sound,--the plash of water. My
companion divined my thought. We turned aside, and a few steps brought
us to a marble fountain. It was in the form of a chaste and lovely
female figure, from whose chiseled fingers a shower of glittering
drops continually poured. Severnius took an alabaster cup from the
base of the statue, filled it, and offered me a drink. The water was
sparkling and intensely cold, and had the suggestion rather than the
fact of sweetness.

"Delicious!" I exclaimed. He understood me, for he smiled and nodded
his head, a gesture which seemed to say, "It gives me pleasure to know
that you find it good." I could not conceive of his expressing himself
in any other than the politest manner.

We proceeded into the house. How shall I describe that house? Imagine
a place which responds fully to every need of the highest culture and
taste, without burdening the senses with oppressive luxury, and you
have it! In a word, it was an ideal house and home. Both outside and
inside, white predominated. But here and there were bits of color the
most brilliant, like jewels. I found that I had never understood the
law of contrast, or of economy in art; I knew nothing of "values," or
of relationships in this wonderful realm, of which it maybe truly
said, "Fools rush in where angels fear to tread."

I learned subsequently that all Marsians of taste are sparing of rich
colors, as we are of gems, though certain classes indulge in
extravagant and gaudy displays, recognizing no law but that which
permits them to have and to do whatsoever they like.

I immediately discovered that two leading ideas were carried out in
this house; massiveness and delicacy. There was extreme solidity in
everything which had a right to be solid and stable; as the walls, and
the supporting pillars, the staircases, the polished floors, and some
pieces of stationary furniture, and the statuary,--the latter not too
abundant. Each piece of statuary, by the way, had some special reason
for being where it was; either it served some practical purpose, or it
helped to carry out a poetical idea,--so that one was never taken
aback as by an incongruity.

Some of the floors were of marble, in exquisite mosaic-work, and
others were of wood richly inlaid. The carpets were beautiful, but
they were used sparingly. When we sat down in a room a servant usually
brought a rug or a cushion for our feet. And when we went out under
the trees they spread carpets on the grass and put pillows on the
rustic seats.

The decorations inside the house were the most airy and graceful
imaginable. The frescoes were like clouds penetrated by the rarest
tints,--colors idealized,--cunningly wrought into surpassingly lovely
pictures, which did not at once declare the artist's intention, but
had to be studied. They were not only an indulgence to the eye, but a
charming occupation for the thoughts. In fact, almost everything about
the place appealed to the higher faculties as well as to the senses.

There comes to us, from time to time, a feeling of disenchantment
toward almost everything life has to offer us. It never came to me
with respect to Severnius' house. It had for me an interest and a
fascination which I was never able to dissect, any more than you would
be able to dissect the charm of the woman you love.

With all its fine artistic elaborations, there was a simplicity about
it which made it possible for the smallest nature to measure its
capacity there, as well as the greatest. The proper sort of a
yardstick for all uses has inch-marks.

Severnius took me upstairs and placed a suite of rooms at my command,
and indicated to me that he supposed I needed rest, which I did
sorely. But I could not lie down until I had explored my territory.

The room into which I had been ushered, and where Severnius left me,
closing the noiseless door behind him, looked to me like a pretty
woman's boudoir,--almost everything in it being of a light and
delicate color. The walls were cream-tinted, with a deep frieze of a
little darker shade, relieved by pale green and brown decorations. The
wood work was done in white enamel paint. The ceiling was sprinkled
with silver stars. Two or three exquisite water-colors were framed in
silver, and the andirons, tongs and shovel, and the fender round the
fire-place, and even the bedstead, were silver-plated.

The bed, which stood in an alcove, was curtained with silk, and had
delicacies of lace also, as fine and subtle as Arachne's web. The
table and a few of the chairs looked like our spindle-legged
Chippendale things. And two or three large rugs might have been of
Persian lamb's wool. A luxurious couch was placed across one corner of
the room and piled with down cushions. An immense easy chair, or
lounging chair, stood opposite.

The dressing table, of a peculiarly beautiful cream-colored wood, was
prettily littered with toilet articles in carved ivory or silver
mountings. Above it hung a large mirror. There was a set of shelves
for books and bric-a-brac; a porphyry lamp-stand with a lamp dressed
in an exquisite pale-green shade; a chiffonier of marquetry.

The mantel ornaments were vases of fine pottery and marble statuettes.
A musical instrument lay on a low bamboo stand. I could not play upon
it, but the strings responded sweetly to the touch.

A little investigation revealed a luxurious bath-room. I felt the need
of a bath, and turned on the water and plunged in. As I finished, a
clock somewhere chimed the hour of midnight.

Before lying down, I put by the window draperies and looked out. I was
amazed at the extreme splendor of the familiar constellations. Owing
to the peculiarity of the atmosphere of Mars, the night there is
almost as luminous as our day. Every star stood out, not a mere
twinkling eye, or little flat, silver disk, but a magnificent sphere,
effulgent and supremely glorious.

Notwithstanding that it was long before I slept, I awoke with the day.
I think its peculiar light had something to do with my waking. I did
not suppose such light was possible out of heaven! It did not dazzle
me, however; it simply filled me, and gave me a sensation of peculiar

I had a singular feeling when I first stepped out of bed,--that the
floor was not going to hold me. It was as if I should presently be
lifted up, as a feather is lifted by a slight current of air skimming
along on the ground. But I soon found that this was not going to
happen. My feet clung securely to the polished wood and the soft wool
of the rug at the bedside. I laughed quietly to myself. In fact I was
in the humor to laugh. I felt so happy. Happiness seemed to be a
quality of the air, which at that hour was particularly charming in
its freshness and its pinkish tones.

I had made my ablutions and was taking up my trousers to put them on,
when there was a tap at the door and Severnius appeared with some soft
white garments, such as he himself wore, thrown over his arm. In the
most delicate manner possible, he conveyed the wish that I might feel
disposed to put them on.

I blushed,--they seemed such womanish things. He misinterpreted my
confusion. He assured me by every means in his power that I was
entirely welcome to them, that it would give him untold pleasure to
provide for my every want. I could not stand out against such
generosity. I reached for the things--swaddling clothes I called
them--and Severnius helped me to array myself in them. I happened to
glance into the mirror, and I did not recognize myself. I had some
sense of how a barbarian must feel in his first civilized suit.

At my friend's suggestion I hung my own familiar apparel up in the
closet,--you may imagine with what reluctance.

But I may say, right here, that I grew rapidly to my new clothes. I
soon liked them. There was something very graceful in the cut and
style of them.

They covered and adorned the body without disguising it. They left the
limbs and muscles free and encouraged grace of pose and movement.

The elegant folds in which the garments hung from the shoulders and
the waist, the tassels and fringes and artistic drapery arrangements,
while seemingly left to their own caprice, were as secure in their
place as the plumage of a bird,--which the wind may ruffle but cannot

I suspect that it requires a great deal of skill to construct a
Marsian costume, whether for male or female. They are not altogether
dissimilar; the women's stuffs are of a little finer quality
ordinarily, but their dress is not usually so elaborately trimmed as
the men's garb, which struck me as very peculiar. Both sexes wear
white, or a soft cream. The fabric is either a sort of fine linen, or
a mixture of silk and wool.

After Severnius and I came to understand each other, as comrades and
friends, he laughingly compared my dress, in which I had made my first
appearance, to the saddle and housings of a horse. He declared that he
and his friends were not quite sure whether I was a man or a beast.
But he was too polite to give me the remotest hint, during our early
acquaintance, that he considered my garb absurd.

When, having completed my toilet, I indicated to him that I was ready
for the next thing on the program,--which I sincerely hoped might be
breakfast,--he approached me and taking my hand placed a gold ring on
my finger. It was set with a superb rubellite enhanced with pearls.
The stone was the only bit of color in my entire dress. Even my shoes
were of white canvas.

I thanked him as well as I was able for this especial mark of favor. I
was pleased that he had given me a gem not only beautiful, but
possessing remarkable qualities. I held it in a ray of sunlight and
turned it this way and that, to show him that I was capable of
appreciating its beauties and its peculiar characteristics.

He was delighted, and I had the satisfaction of feeling that I had
made a good impression upon him.

He led the way down-stairs, and luckily into the breakfast room.

We were served by men dressed similarly to ourselves, though their
clothing was without trimming and was of coarser material than ours.
They moved about the room swiftly and noiselessly. Motion upon that
planet seems so natural and so easy. There is very little inertia to

Our meal was rather odd; it consisted of fruits, some curiously
prepared cereals, and a hot palatable drink. No meat.

After this light but entirely satisfactory repast we ascended the
grand stairway--a marvel of beauty in its elaborate carvings--and
entered a lofty apartment occupying a large part of the last _etage_.

I at first made out that it was a place devoted to the fine arts. I
had noticed a somewhat conspicuous absence, in the rooms below, of the
sort of things with which rich people in our country crowd their
houses. I understood now, they were all marshaled up here.

There were exquisitely carved vessels of all descriptions, bronzes,
marbles, royal paintings, precious minerals.

Here also were the riches of color.

The brilliant morning light came through the most beautiful windows I
have ever seen, even in our finest cathedrals. The large central
stained glasses were studded round with prisms that played
extraordinary pranks with the sunbeams, which, as they glanced from
them, were splintered into a thousand scintillating bits, as splendid
as jewels.

We sat down, I filled--I do not know why--with a curious sense of
expectancy that was half awe.

Across one end of the great room was stretched a superb curtain of
tapestry,--a mosaic in silk and wool.

Severnius did not make any other sign or gesture to me except the one
that bade me be seated.

I watched him wonderingly but furtively. He seemed to be composing
himself, as I have seen saintly people compose themselves in church.
Not that he was saintly; he did not strike me as being that kind of a
man, though there was that about him which proclaimed him to be a good
man, whose friendship would be a valuable acquisition.

He folded his hands loosely in his lap and sat motionless, his glance
resting serenely on one of the great windows for a time and then
passing on to other objects equally beautiful.

We were still enwrapped in this august silence when I became conscious
that somewhere, afar off, beyond the tapestry curtain, there were
stealing toward us strains of unusual, ineffable music, tantalizingly
sweet and vague.

Gradually the almost indistinguishable sounds detached themselves
from, and rose above, the pulsing silence,--or that unappreciable
harmony we call silence,--and swelled up among the arches that ribbed
the lofty ceiling, and rolled and reverberated through the great dome
above, and came reflected down to us in refined and sublimated

Our souls--my soul,--in this new wonder and ecstasy I forgot
Severnius,--awoke in responsive raptures, inconceivably thrilling and

I did not need to be told that it was sacred music, it invoked the
Divine Presence unmistakably. No influence that had ever before been
trained upon my spiritual senses had so compelled to adoration of the
Supreme One who holds and rules all worlds.

    "He lifts me to the golden doors;
      The flashes come and go;
    All heaven bursts her starry floors,
      And strows her lights below,
    And deepens on and up! the gates
      Roll back. * * * *"

This I murmured, and texts of our scriptures, and fragments of
anthems. It was as if I brought my earthly tribute to lay on this
Marsian shrine.

The gates did roll back, the heavens were broken up, new spiritual
heights were shown to me, up which my spirit mounted.

I looked at Severnius. His eyes were closed. His face, lighted as by
an inner illumination, and his whole attitude, suggested a "waiting
upon God," that

                         "Intercourse divine,
    Which God permits, ordains, across the line."

There stole insensibly upon the sound-burdened air, the hallowed
perfume of burning incense.

I conjectured, and truly as I afterward learned, that I was in my
friend's private sanctuary. It was his spiritual lavatory, in which he
made daily ablutions. A service in which the soul lays aside the forms
necessary in public worship and stands unveiled before its God.

It was a rare honor he paid me, in permitting me to accompany him. And
he repeated it every morning during my stay in his house, except on
one or two occasions. It speedily became almost a necessity to me. You
know how it is when you have formed a habit of exercising your muscles
in a gymnasium. If you leave it off, you are uncomfortable, you have a
feeling that you have cheated your body out of its right. It was so
with me, when for any reason I was obliged to forego this higher
exercise. I was heavy in spirit, my conscience accused me of a wrong
to one of the "selfs" in me,--for we have several selfs, I think.

There was not always music. Sometimes a wonderful voice chanted psalms
and praises, and recited poems that troubled the soul's deepest
waters. At first I did not understand the words, of course, but the
intonations spoke to me the same as music does. And I felt that I knew
what the words expressed.

Often there was nothing there but The Presence, which hushed our
voices and set our souls in tune with heavenly things. No matter, I
was fed and satisfied.

At the end of a sweet half-hour, the music died away, and we rose and
passed out of the sacred place. I longed to question Severnius, but
was powerless.

He led the way down into the library, which was just off the wide
entrance hall. Books were ranged round the walls on shelves, the same
as we dispose ours. But they were all bound in white cloth or white

The lettering on the backs was gold.

I took one in my hand and flipped its leaves to show Severnius that I
knew what a book was. He was delighted. He asked me, in a language
which he and I had speedily established between ourselves, if I would
not like to learn the Marsian tongue. I replied that it was what I
wished above all things to do. We set to work at once. His teaching
was very simple and natural, and I quickly mastered several important

After a little a servant announced some visitors, and Severnius went
out into the hall to receive them. He left the door open, and I saw
that the visitors were the astronomers I had met the night before.
They asked to see me, and Severnius ushered them into the library. I
stood up and shook hands with each one, as he advanced, and repeated
their own formula for "How do you do!" which quite amused them. I
suppose the words sounded very parrot-like,--I did not know where to
put the accent. They congratulated me with many smiles and
gesticulations on my determination to learn the language,--Severnius
having explained this fact to them. He also told them that I had
perhaps better be left to myself and him until I had mastered it, when
of course I should be much more interesting to them and they to me.
They acquiesced, and with many bows and waves of the hand, withdrew.

The language, I found, was not at all difficult,--not so arbitrary as
many of our modern languages. It was similar in form and construction
to the ancient languages of southern Europe. The proper names had an
almost familiar sound. That of the country I was in was Paleveria. The
city was called Thursia, and there was a river flowing through
it,--one portion of Severnius' grounds, at the back of the house,
sloped to it,--named the Gyro.

Chapter 2.


    "Her face so fair, as flesh it seemed not,
    But heavenly portrait of bright angels hew,
    Clear as the skye withouten blame or blot,
    Through goodly mixture of complexion's dew;
    And in her cheeks the vermeil red did shew
    Like roses in a bed of lillies shed.
           *       *       *       *       *
    In her faire eyes two living lamps did flame."

Thus far, I had seen no women. I was curious on this point, and I was
not kept long in suspense. Late in the afternoon of the day following
my arrival, Severnius and I went out to walk about the grounds, and
were returning through an avenue of eucalyptus trees,--of a variety
more wide-spreading in their branches than any I have seen in our
country,--when a person alighted from a carriage in the _porte
cochere_ and, instead of entering the house, came to meet us. It was a
woman. Though it was not left to her dress, nor her stature,--she was
nearly as tall as myself,--to proclaim that fact; her grace and
carriage would have determined her sex, if her beautiful face had not.
She advanced swiftly, with long, free steps. Her white dress, similar
in cut and style to ours, was relieved only by a girdle studded with
gems. She carried a little white parasol with a gold fringe, and wore
no head-gear to crush down her beautifully massed hair.

I felt myself growing red under her lively gaze, and attributed it to
my clothes. I was not accustomed to them yet, and I felt as you would
to appear before a beautiful woman in your night shirt. Especially if
you fancied you saw something in her eyes which made you suspect that
she thought you cut a ludicrous figure. Of course that was my
imagination, my apparel, in her eyes, must have been correct, since it
was selected from among his best by my new friend, who was
unmistakably a man of taste.

Her face, which was indescribably lovely, was also keenly
intelligent,--that sort of intelligence which lets nothing escape,
which is as quick to grasp a humorous situation as a sublime truth. It
was a face of power and of passion,--of, I might say, manly
self-restraint,--but yet so soft!

I now observed for the first time the effect of the pinkish atmosphere
on the complexion. You have seen ladies in a room where the light came
through crimson hangings or glass stained red. So it was here.

Severnius smiled, spoke, and gave her his hand. The glance they
bestowed upon each other established their relationship in my mind
instantly. I had seen that glance a thousand times, without suspecting
it had ever made so strong an impression upon me that in a case like
this I should accept its evidence without other testimony. They were
brother and sister. I was glad of that, for the reason, I suppose,
that every unmarried man is glad to find a beautiful woman
unmarried,--there are seductive possibilities in the situation.

Severnius did his best to introduce us. He called her Elodia. I
learned afterwards that ladies and gentlemen in that country have no
perfunctory titles, like Mrs., or Mr., they support their dignity
without that. It would have seemed belittling to say "Miss" Elodia.

I had a feeling that she did not attach much importance to me, that
she was half amused at the idea of me; a peculiar tilting-up of her
eyebrows told me so, and I was piqued. It seemed unfair that, simply
because she could not account for me, she should set me down as
inferior, or impossible, or ridiculous, whichever was in her mind. She
regarded me as I have sometimes regarded un-English foreigners in the
streets of New York.

She indulged her curiosity about me only for a moment, asking a few
questions I inferred, and then passed me over as though she had more
weighty matters in hand. I knew, later on, that she waived me as a
topic of conversation when her brother insisted upon talking about me,
saying half impatiently, "Wait till he can talk and explain himself,
Severnius,--since you say he is going to learn our speech."

I studied her with deep interest as we walked along, and no movement
or accent of hers was lost upon me. Once she raised her hand--her wide
sleeve slipped back and bared a lovely arm--to break off a long
scimeter-shaped leaf from a bough overhead. Quicker than thought I
sprang at the bough and snapped off the leaf in advance of her, and
presented it with a low obeisance. She drew herself up with a look of
indignant surprise, but instantly relented as though to a person whose
eccentricities, for some reason or other, might better be excused. She
did not, however, take the leaf,--it fluttered to the ground.

She was not like any other woman,--any woman I had ever seen before.
You could not accuse her of hauteur, yet she bore herself like a royal
personage, though with no suggestion of affecting that sort of an air.
You had to take her as seriously as you would the Czar. I saw this in
her brother's attitude toward her. There was none of that
condescension in his manner that there often is in our manner toward
the women of our households. I began to wonder whether she might not
be the queen of the realm! But she was not. She was simply a private

She sat at the dinner table with us, and divided the honors equally
with Severnius.

I wish I could give you an idea of that dinner,--the dining-room, the
service, the whole thing! It surpassed my finest conceptions of taste
and elegance.

We sat down not merely to eat,--though I was hungry enough!--but to
enjoy ourselves in other ways.

There was everything for the eye to delight in. The room was rich in
artistic decorations upon which the rarest talent must have been
employed. The table arrangements were superb; gold and silver,
crystal, fine china, embroidered linen, flowers. And the food, served
in many courses, was a happy combination of the substantial and the
delicate. There was music--not too near--of a bright and lively
character. Music enters largely into the life of these people. It
seemed to me that something beat time to almost everything we did.

The conversation carried on between the brother and sister--in which I
could take no more part than a deaf-mute--was, I felt sure, extremely
entertaining if not important. My eyes served me well,--for one sense
is quick to assume the burdens of another,--and I knew that the talk
was not mere banter, nor was it simply the necessary exchange of words
and opinions about everyday matters which must take place in families
periodically, concerning fuel, and provisions, and servants, and
water-tax, and the like. It took a much higher range. The faces of
both were animated, their eyes beamed brightly upon each other. It was
clear that the brother did not talk down to her understanding, rather
he talked up to it,--or no, they were on a level with each other, the
highest level of both, for they held each other up to their best.
However, Elodia had been away for a couple of days, I learned, and
absence gives a bloom of newness which it is delightful to brush off.

I did not detect any of the quality we call chivalry in Severnius'
pose, nor of its complement in hers. Though one would hardly expect
that between brothers and sisters anywhere. Still, we have a way with
our near women relations which never ignores the distinction between
the sexes; we humor them, patronize them, tyrannize over them. And
they defer to, and exalt us, and usually acknowledge our superiority.

It was not so with this pair. They respected and honored each other
equally. And there was a charming _camaraderie_ between them, the same
as if they had both been men--or women, if you single out the right

They held widely different opinions upon many subjects, but they never
crowded them upon each other. Their tastes were dissimilar. For one
thing, Elodia had not her brother's fine religious sense. She seldom
entered the sanctuary, though once or twice I saw her there, seated
far apart from Severnius and myself.

Stimulated by the hope of some day being able to talk with her, and of
convincing her that I was a person not altogether beneath her
intelligence, I devoted myself, mind and soul, to the Paleverian
language. In six weeks I could read and write it fairly well.

Severnius was untiring in his teaching; and every day strengthened my
regard for him as a man. He was an accomplished scholar, and he was as
clean-souled as a child,--but not weakly or ignorantly so. He knew
evil as well as good; but he renounced the one and accepted the other.
He was a man "appointed by Almighty God to stand for a fact." And I
never knew him to weaken his position by defending it. Often we spent
hours in the observatory together. It was a glorious thing to me to
watch the splendid fleet of asteroids sailing between Jupiter and
Mars, and to single out the variously colored moons of Jupiter, and to
distinguish with extraordinary clearness a thousand other wonders but
dimly seen from the Earth.

Even to study the moons of Mars, the lesser one whirling round the
planet with such astonishing velocity, was a world of entertainment to

I had begged Severnius not to ask me to see any visitors at all until
I could acquit myself creditably in conversation. He agreed, and I
saw no one. I believe that in those weeks of quiet study, observation,
and close companionship of one noble man, my soul was cleared of much
dross. I lived with books, Severnius, and the stars.

At last, I no longer feared to trust myself to speak, even to Elodia.
It was a great surprise to her, and evidently a pleasure too.

My first brilliant attempt was at the dinner table. Severnius adroitly
drew me into a conversation about our world. Elodia turned her
delightful gaze upon me so frankly and approvingly that I felt myself
blushing like a boy whom his pretty Sabbath-school teacher praises
with her smile when he says his text.

Up to that time, although she had been polite to me,--so entirely
polite that I never for a moment felt myself an intruder in her
home,--she apparently took no great interest in me. But now she
voluntarily addressed me whenever we met, and took pains to draw me

Once she glanced at a book I was reading, a rather heavy work, and

"You have made astonishing progress," she said.

"I have had the best of instructors," I replied.

"Ah, yes; Severnius has great patience. And besides, he likes you. And
then of course he is not wholly disinterested, he wants to hear about
your planet."

"And do you?" I asked foolishly. I wanted somehow to get the
conversation to running in a personal channel.

"O, of course," she returned indifferently, "though I am not an
astronomer. I should like to hear something about your people."

I took that cue joyfully, and soon we were on very sociable terms with
each other. She listened to my stories and descriptions with a most
flattering interest, and I soon found myself worshiping her as a
goddess. Yes, as a goddess, not a woman. Her entire lack of coquetry
prevented me from making love to her, or would have prevented me if I
had dared to have such a thought. If there could have been anything
tender between us, I think she must have made the advances. But this
is foolish. I am merely trying to give you some idea of the kind of
woman she was. But I know that I cannot do that; the quality of a
woman must be felt to be understood.

There was a great deal of social gayety in Thursia. We went out
frequently, to opera, to concert, and to crowded gatherings in
splendid homes. I observed that Elodia immediately became the centre
of interest wherever she appeared. She gave fresh zest to every
amusement or conversation. She seemed to dignify with her presence
whatever happened to be going on, and made it worth while. Not that
she distinguished herself in speech or act; she had the effect of
being infinitely greater than anything she did or said and one was
always looking out for manifestations of that. She kept one's interest
in her up to the highest pitch. I often asked myself, "Why is it that
we are always looking at her with a kind of inquiry in our
glances?--what is it that we expect her to do?"

It was a great part of her charm that she was not _blasé_. She was
full of interest in all about her, she was keenly and delightfully
alive. Her manners were perfect, and yet she seemed careless of
etiquette and conventions. Her good manners were a part of herself, as
her regal carriage was.

It was her unvarying habit, almost, to spend several hours down town
every day. I ventured to ask Severnius wherefore.

He replied that she had large business interests, and looked carefully
after them herself.

I expressed astonishment, and Severnius was equally surprised at me. I
questioned him and he explained.

"My father was a banker," he said, "and very rich. My sister inherited
his gift and taste for finance. I took after my mother's family, who
were scientists. We were trained, of course, in our early years
according to our respective talents. At our parents' death we
inherited their fortune in equal shares. Elodia was prepared to take
up my father's business where he left it. In fact he had associated
her with himself in the business for some time previous to his
departure, and she has carried it on very successfully ever since."

"She is a banker!" said I.

"Yes. I, myself, have always had a liking for astronomy, and I have
been employed, ever since I finished my education, in the State

"And how do you employ your capital?" I asked.

"Elodia manages it for me. It is all in the bank, or in investments
which she makes. I use my dividends largely in the interest of
science. The State does a great deal in that direction, but not

"And what, may I ask, does she do with her surplus,--your sister, I
mean,--she must make a great deal of money?"

"She re-invests it. She has a speculative tendency, and is rather
daring; though they tell me she is very safe--far-sighted, or
large-sighted, I should call it. I do not know how many great
enterprises she is connected with,--railroads, lines of steamers,
mining and manufacturing operations. And besides, she is
public-spirited. She is much interested in the cause of
education,--practical education for the poor especially. She is
president of the school board here in the city, and she is also a
member of the city council. A great many of our modern improvements
are due to her efforts."

My look of amazement arrested his attention.

"Why are you so surprised?" he asked. "Do not your women engage in

"Well, not to such an extraordinary degree," I replied. "We have women
who work in various ways, but there are very few of them who have
large business interests, and they are not entrusted with important
public affairs, such as municipal government and the management of

"Oh!" returned Severnius with the note of one who does not quite
understand. "Would you mind telling me why? Is it because they are
incapable, or--unreliable?"

Neither of the words he chose struck me pleasantly as applied to my
countrywomen. I remembered that I was the sole representative of the
Earth on Mars, and that it stood me in hand to be careful about the
sort of impressions I gave out. It was as if I were on the witness'
stand, under oath. Facts must tell the story, not opinions,--though
personally I have great confidence in my opinions. I thought of our
government departments where women are the experts, and of their
almost spotless record for faithfulness and honesty, and replied:

"They are both capable and reliable, in as far as they have had
experience. But their chances have been circumscribed, and I believe
they lack the inclination to assume grave public duties. I fear I
cannot make you understand,--our women are so different, so unlike
your sister."

Elodia was always my standard of comparison.

"Perhaps you men take care of them all," suggested Severnius, "and
they have grown dependent. We have some such women here."

"No, I do not think it is that entirely," said I. "For in my city
alone, more than a hundred and seventy thousand women support not
only themselves, but others who are dependent upon them."

"Ah, indeed! but how?"

"By work."

"You mean servants?"

"Not so-called. I mean intelligent, selfrespecting women; teachers,
clerks, stenographers, type-writers."

"I should think it would be more agreeable, and easier, for them to
engage in business as our women do."

"No doubt it would," I replied, feeling myself driven to a close
scrutiny of the Woman Question, as we call it, for the first time in
my life. For I saw that my friend was deeply interested and wanted to
get at the literal truth. "But the women of my country," I went on,
"the self-supporting ones, do not have control of money. They have a
horror of speculation, and shrink from taking risks and making
ventures, the failure of which would mean loss or ruin to others. A
woman's right to make her living is restricted to the powers within
herself, powers of brain and hand. She is a beginner, you know. She
has not yet learned to make money by the labor of others; she does
not know how to manipulate those who are less intelligent and less
capable than herself, and to turn their ignorance and helplessness to
her own account. Perhaps I had better add that she is more religious
than man, and is sustained in this seeming injustice by something she
calls conscience."

Severnius was silent for a moment; he had a habit of setting his
reason to work and searching out explanations in his own mind, of
things not easily understood.

As a rule, the Marsians have not only very highly developed physical
faculties, such as sight and hearing, but remarkably acute intellects.
They let no statement pass without examination, and they scrutinize
facts closely and seek for causes.

"If so many women," said he, "are obliged to support themselves and
others beside, as you say, by their work simply, they must receive
princely wages,--and of course they have no responsibilities, which is
a great saving of energy."

I remembered having heard it stated that in New York City, the United
States Bureau gives the average of women's wages--leaving out
domestic service and unskilled labor--as five dollars and eighty-five
cents per week. I mentioned the fact, and Severnius looked aghast.

"What, a mere pittance!" said he. "Only about a third as much as I
give my stableman. But then the conditions are different, no doubt.
Here in Thursia that would no more than fight off the wolf, as we
say,--the hunger and cold. It would afford no taste of the better
things, freedom, leisure, recreation, but would reduce life to its
lowest terms,--mere existence."

"I fear the conditions are much the same with us," I replied.

"And do your women submit to such conditions,--do they not try to
alter them, throw them off?"

"They submit, of course," I said; "I never heard of a revolt or an
insurrection among them! Though there seems to be growing up among
them, lately, a determination strong as death, to work out of those
conditions as fast as may be. They realize--just as men have been
forced to realize in this century--that work of the hands cannot
compete with work of machines, and that trained brains are better
capital than trained fingers. So, slowly but surely, they are reaching
up to the higher callings and working into places of honor and trust.
The odds are against them, because the 'ins' always have a tremendous
advantage over the 'outs.' The women, having never been in, must
submit to a rigid examination and extraordinary tests. They know that,
and they are rising to it. Whenever, it is said, they come into
competition with men, in our colleges and training schools, they hold
their own and more."

"What are they fitting for?" asked Severnius.

"Largely for the professions. They are becoming doctors, lawyers,
editors, artists, writers. The enormous systems of public schools in
my own and other countries is entirely in their hands,--except of
course in the management and directorship."

"Except in the management and directorship?" echoed Severnius.

"Of course they do not provide and disburse the funds, see to the
building of school-houses, and dictate the policy of the schools!" I
retorted. "But they teach them; you can hardly find a male teacher
except at the head of a school,--to keep the faculty in order."

Severnius refrained from comment upon this, seeing, I suppose, that I
was getting a little impatient. He walked along with his head down. I
think I neglected to say that we were taking a long tramp into the
country, as we often did. In order to change the conversation, I asked
him what sort of a government they had in Paleveria, and was delighted
when he replied that it was a free republic.

"My country is a republic also," I said, proudly.

"We both have much to be thankful for," he answered. "A republic is
the only natural government in the world, and man cannot get above

I thought this remark rather singular,--at variance with progress and
high civilization. But I let it pass, thinking to take it up at some
future time.

"How do you vote here?" I asked. "What are your qualifications and

"Briefly told," he replied. "Every citizen may vote on all public
questions, and in all elections."

"But what constitutes citizenship?"

"A native-born is a citizen when he or she reaches maturity.
Foreigners are treated as minors until they have lived as long under
the government as it takes for a child to come of age. It is thus," he
added, facetiously, "that we punish people for presuming to be born
outside our happy country."

"Excuse me," I said, "but do I understand you to say that your women
have the right of suffrage?"

"Assuredly. Do not yours?"

"Indeed no!" I replied, the masculine instinct of superiority swelling
within me.

Severnius wears spectacles. He adjusted them carefully on his nose and
looked at me.

"But did you not tell me just now that your country is a republic?"

"It is, but we do not hold that women are our political equals," I

His face was an exclamation and interrogation point fused into one.

"Indeed! and how do you manage it,--how, for instance, can you prevent
them from voting?"

"O, they don't often try it," I said, laughing. "When they do, we
simply throw their ballots out of the count."

"Is it possible! That seems to me a great unfairness. However, it can
be accounted for, I suppose, from the fact that things are so
different on the Earth to what they are here. Our government, you see,
rests upon a system of taxation. We tax all property to defray
governmental expenses, and for many other purposes tending toward the
general good; which makes it necessary that all our citizens shall
have a voice in our political economy. But you say your women have no
property, and so--"

"I beg your pardon!" I interposed; "I did not say that. We have a
great many very rich women,--women whose husbands or fathers have left
them fortunes."

"Then they of course have a vote?"

"They do not. You can't make a distinction like that."

"No? But you exempt their property, perhaps?"

"Of course not."

"Do you tell me that you tax property, to whatever amount, and for
whatever purpose, you choose, without allowing the owner her
fractional right to decide about either the one or the other?"

"Their interests are identical with ours," I replied, "so what is the
difference? We men manage the government business, and I fancy we do
it sufficiently well."

I expanded my chest after this remark, and Severnius simply looked at
me. I think that at that moment I suffered vicariously in his scornful
regard for all my countrymen.

I did not like the Socratic method he had adopted in this
conversation, and I turned the tables on him.

"Do your women hold office, other than in the school board and the
council?" I asked.

"O, yes, fully half our offices are filled by women."

"And you make no discrimination in the kind of office?"

"The law makes none; those things adjust themselves. Fitness,
equipment, are the only things considered. A woman, the same as a man,
is governed by her taste and inclination in the matter of
office-holding. Do women never take a hand in state affairs on the

"Yes, in some countries they do,--monarchies. There have been a good
many women sovereigns. There are a few now."

"And are they successful rulers?"

"Some are, some are not."

"The same as men. That proves that your women are not really

"Well, I should say not!" I retorted. "Our women are very superior; we
treat them more as princesses than as inferiors,--they are angels."

I was carried away in the heat of resentment, and knew that what I had
said was half cant.

"I beg your pardon!" said Severnius quickly; "I got a wrong
impression from your statements. I fear I am very stupid. Are they all

I gave him a furtive glance and saw that he was in earnest. His brows
were drawn together with a puzzled look.

I had a sudden vision of a scene in Five Points; several groups of
frowsled, petticoated beings, laughing, joking, swearing, quarreling,
fighting, and drinking beer from dirty mugs.

"No, not all of them," I replied, smiling. "That was a figure of
speech. There are so many classes."

"Let us confine our discussion to one, then," he returned. "To the
women who might be of your own family; that will simplify matters. And
now tell me, please, how this state of things came about, this
subjection of a part of your people. I cannot understand it,--these
subjects being of your own flesh and blood. I should think it would
breed domestic discontent, where some of the members of a family wield
a power and enjoy a privilege denied to the others. Fancy my shaking
a ballot over Elodia's head!"

"O, Elodia!" I said, and was immediately conscious that my accent was
traitorous to my countrywomen. I made haste to add,

"Your sister is--incomparable. She is unusual even here. I have seen
none others like her."

"How do you mean?"

"I mean that she is as responsible as a man; she is not inconsequent."

"Are your women inconsequent?"

"They have been called so, and we think it rather adds to their
attractiveness. You see they have always been relieved of
responsibility, and I assure you the large majority of them have no
desire to assume it,--I mean in the matter of government and


I dislike an interrogative "yes," and I made no reply. Severnius

"I suppose they have lost the faculty which you say they lack,--the
faculty that makes people responsible,--through disuse. I have seen
the same thing in countries on the other side of our globe, where
races have been held as slaves for several centuries. They seem to
have no ideas about personal rights, or liberties, as pertaining to
themselves, and no inclination in that direction. It always struck me
as being the most pathetic feature of their condition that they and
everybody else accepted it as a matter of course, as they would a law
of nature. In the place of strength and self-assertion there has come
to them a dumb patience, or an unquestioning acquiescence like that of
people born blind. Are your women happy?"

"You should see them!" I exclaimed, with certain ball-room memories
rushing upon me, and visions of fair faces radiant with the joy of
living. But these were quickly followed by other pictures, and I felt
bound to add, "Of late, a restless spirit has developed in certain

"The working circles, I suppose," interrupted Severnius. "You spoke of
the working women getting into the professions."

"Not those exclusively. Even the women of leisure are not so satisfied
as they used to be. There has been, for a great many years, more or
less chaffing about women's rights, but now they are beginning to take
the matter seriously."

"Ah, they are waking up, perhaps?"

"Yes, some of them are waking up,--a good many of them. It is a little
ridiculous, when one thinks of it, seeing they have no power to
enforce their 'rights', and can never attain them except through the
condescension of men. Tell me, Severnius, when did your women wake

Severnius smiled. "My dear sir, I think they have never been asleep!"

We stalked along silently for a time; the subject passed out of my
mind, or was driven out by the beauties of the landscape about us. I
was especially impressed with the magnificence of the trees that
hedged every little patch of farm land, and threw their protecting
arms around houses and cottages, big and little; and with the many
pellucid streams flowing naturally, or divided like strands of silk
and guided in new courses, to lave the roots of trees or run through
pasture lands where herds were feeding.

A tree is something to be proud of in Paleveria, more than a fine
residence; more even than ancient furniture and cracked china. Perhaps
because the people sit out under their trees a great deal, and the
shade of them has protected the heads of many generations, and they
have become hallowed through sacred memories and traditions. In
Paleveria they have tree doctors, whose business it is to ward off
disease, heal wounded or broken boughs, and exterminate destructive

Severnius startled me suddenly with another question:

"What, may I ask, is your theory of Man's creation?"

"God made Man, and from one of his ribs fashioned woman," I replied

"Ours is different," said he. "It is this: A pair of creatures, male
and female, sprang simultaneously from an enchanted lake in the
mountain region of a country called Caskia, in the northern part of
this continent. They were only animals, but they were beautiful and
innocent. God breathed a Soul into them and they were Man and Woman,
equals in all things."

"A charming legend!" said I.

Later on I learned the full breadth of the meaning of the equality he
spoke of. At that time it was impossible for me to comprehend it, and
I can only convey it to you in a complete account of my further
experiences on that wonderful planet.

Chapter 3.


It was winter, and snow was on the ground; white and sparkling, and as
light as eider-down. Elodia kept a fine stable. Four magnificent white
horses were harnessed to her sleigh, which was in the form of an
immense swan, with a head and neck of frosted silver. The body of it
was padded outside with white varnished leather, and inside with
velvet of the color of a dove's breast. The robes were enormous skins
of polar bears, lined with a soft, warm fabric of wool and silk. The
harness was bestrung with little silver bells of most musical and
merry tone; and all the trappings and accoutrements were superb.
Elodia had luxurious tastes, and indulged them.

Every day we took an exhilarating drive. The two deep, comfortable
seats faced each other like seats in a landau. Severnius and I
occupied one, and Elodia the other; so that I had the pleasure of
looking at her whenever I chose, and of meeting her eyes in
conversation now and then, which was no small part of my enjoyment.
The mere sight of her roused the imagination and quickened the pulse.
Her eyes were unusually dark, but they had blue rays, and were as
clear and beautiful as agates held under water. In fact they seemed to
swim in an invisible liquid. Her complexion had the effect of
alabaster through which a pink light shines,--deepest in the cheeks,
as though they were more transparent than the rest of her face. Her
head, crowned with a fascinating little cap, rose above her soft furs
like a regal flower. She was so beautiful that I wondered at myself
that I could bear the sight of her.

Strange to say, the weather was not cold, it was simply
bracing,--hardly severe enough to make the ears tingle.

The roads were perfect everywhere, and we often drove into the
country. The horses flew over the wide white stretches at an
incredible speed.

One afternoon when, at the usual hour, the coachman rang the bell and
announced that he was ready, I was greatly disappointed to find that
we were not to have Elodia. But I said nothing, for I was shy about
mentioning her name.

When we were seated, Severnius gave directions to the driver.

"Time yourself, Giddo, so that you will be at the Public Square at
precisely three o'clock," said he, and turned to me. "We shall want to
see the parade."

"What parade?" I inquired.

"Oh! has not Elodia told you? This is The Auroras' Annual,--a great
day. The parade will be worth seeing."

In the excitement of the drive, and in my disappointment about not
having Elodia with us, I had almost forgotten about The Auroras'
Annual, when three o'clock came. I had seen parades in New York City,
until the spectacle had calloused my sense of the magnificent, and I
very much doubted whether Mars had anything new to offer me in that

Punctual to the minute, Giddo fetched up at the Square,--among a
thousand or so of other turnouts,--with such a flourish as all Jehus
love. We were not a second too soon. There was a sudden burst of
music, infinitely mellowed by distance; and as far up the street as
the eye could well reach there appeared a mounted procession,
advancing slowly. Every charger was snow white, with crimped mane and
tail, long and flowing, and with trappings of various colors
magnificent in silver blazonry.

The musicians only were on foot. They were beating upon drums and
blowing transcendent airs through silver wind instruments. I do not
know whether it was some quality of the atmosphere that made the
strains so ravishing, but they swept over one's soul with a rapture
that was almost painful. I could hardly sit still, but I was held down
by the thought that if I should get up I would not know what to do. It
is a peculiar sensation.

On came the resplendent column with slow, majestic movement; and I
unconsciously kept time with the drums, with Browning's stately lines
on my tongue, but unspoken:

    "Steady they step adown the slope,
    Steady they climb the hill."

There was no hill, but a very slight descent. As they drew nearer the
splendor of the various uniforms dazzled my eyes. You will remember
that everything about us was white; the buildings all of white stone
or brick, the ground covered with snow, and the crowds of people
lining the streets all dressed in the national color, or no-color.

There were several companies in the procession, and each company wore
distinguishing badges and carried flags and banners peculiar to

The housings on the horses of the first brigade were of yellow, and
all the decorations of the riders corresponded; of the second pale
blue, and of the third sky-pink. The uniforms of the riders were
inconceivably splendid; fantastic and gorgeous head-gear, glittering
belts, silken scarfs and sashes, badges and medals flashing with gems,
and brilliant colors twisted into strange and curious devices.

As the first division was about to pass, I lost my grip on myself and
half started to my feet with a smothered exclamation, "Elodia!"

Severnius put out his hand as though he were afraid I was going to
leap out of the sleigh, or do something unusual.

"What is it?" he cried, and following my gaze he added, "Yes, that is
Elodia in front; she is the Supreme Sorceress of the Order of the


"Don't be frightened," he laughed; "the word means nothing,--it is
only a title."

I could not believe him when I looked at the advancing figure of
Elodia. She sat her horse splendidly erect. Her fair head was crowned
with a superb diadem of gold and topazes, with a diamond star in the
centre, shooting rays like the sun. Her expression was grave and
lofty; she glanced neither to right nor left, but gazed straight
ahead--at nothing, or at something infinitely beyond mortal vision.
Her horse champed its bits, arched its beautiful neck, and stepped
with conscious pride; dangling the gold fringe on its sheeny yellow
satin saddle-cloth, until one could hardly bear the sight.

"The words mean nothing!" I repeated to myself. "It is not so;
Severnius has deceived me. His sister is a sorceress; a--I don't know
what! But no woman could preserve that majestic mien, that proud
solemnity of countenance, if she were simply--playing! There is a
mystery here."

I scrutinized every rider as they passed. There was not a man among
them,--all women. Their faces had all borrowed, or had tried to
borrow, Elodia's queenly look. Many of them only burlesqued it. None
were as beautiful as she.

When it was all over, and the music had died away in the distance, we
drove off,--Giddo threading his way with consummate skill, which
redounded much to his glory in certain circles he cared for, through
the crowded thoroughfares.

I could not speak for many minutes, and Severnius was a man upon whom
silence always fell at the right time. I never knew him to break in
upon another's mood for his own entertainment. Nor did he spy upon
your thoughts; he left you free. By-and-by, I appealed to him:

"Tell me, Severnius, what does it mean?"

"This celebration?" returned he. "With pleasure. Giddo, you may drive
round for half an hour, and then take us to the Auroras' Temple,--it
is open to visitors to-day."

We drew the robes closely, and settled ourselves more comfortably, as
we cleared the skirts of the crowd. It was growing late and the air
was filled with fine arrows of frost, touched by the last
sunbeams,--their sharp little points stinging our faces as we were
borne along at our usual lively speed.

"This society of the Auroras," said Severnius, "originated several
centuries ago, in the time of a great famine. In those days the people
were poor and improvident, and a single failure in their crops left
them in a sorry condition. Some of the wealthiest women of the
country banded themselves together and worked systematically for the
relief of the sufferers. Their faces appeared so beautiful, and beamed
with such a light of salvation as they went about from hut to hut,
that they got the name of 'auroras' among the simple poor. And they
banished want and hunger so magically, that they were also called

"O, then, it is a charitable organization?" I exclaimed, much

"It was," replied Severnius. "It was in active operation for a hundred
or so years. Finally, when there was no more need of it, the State
having undertaken the care of its poor, it passed into a sentiment,
such as you have seen to-day."

"A very costly and elaborate sentiment," I retorted.

"Yes, and it is growing more so, all the time," said he. "I sometimes
wonder where it is going to stop! For those who, like Elodia, have
plenty of money, it does not matter; but some of the women we saw in
those costly robes and ornaments can ill afford them,--they mean less
of comfort in their homes and less of culture to their children."

"I should think their husbands would not allow such a waste of money,"
I said, forgetting the social economy of Mars.

"It does not cost any more than membership in the orders to which the
husbands themselves belong," returned he. "They argue, of course, that
they need the recreation, and also that membership in such hightoned
clubs gives them and their children a better standing and greater
influence in society."

Severnius did not forget his usual corollary,--the question with which
he topped out every explanation he made about his country and people.

"Have you nothing of the sort on the Earth?" he asked.

"Among the women?--we have not," I answered.

"I did not specify," he said.

"O, well, the men have," I admitted; "I belong to one such
organization myself,--the City Guards."

"And you guard the city?"

"No; there is nothing to guard it against at present. It's a
'sentiment,' as you say."

"And do you parade?"

"Yes, of course, upon occasion,--there are certain great anniversaries
in our nation's history when we appear."

"And why not your women?"

I smiled to myself, as I tried to fancy some of the New York ladies I
knew, arrayed in gorgeous habiliments for an equestrian exhibition on
Broadway. I replied,

"Really, Severnius, the idea is entirely new to me. I think they would
regard it as highly absurd."

"Do they regard you as absurd?" he asked, in that way of his which I
was often in doubt about, not knowing whether he was in earnest or

"I'm sure I do not know," I said. "They may,--our women have a keen
relish for the ludicrous. Still, I cannot think that they do; they
appear to look upon us with pride. And they present us with an
elaborate silken banner about once a year, stitched together by their
own fair fingers and paid for out of their own pocket money. That does
not look as though they were laughing at us exactly."

I said this as much to convince myself as Severnius.

The half-hour was up and we were at the Temple gate. The building,
somewhat isolated, reared itself before us, a grand conception in
chiseled marble, glinting in the brilliant lights shot upon it from
various high points. Already it was dark beyond the radius of these
lights,--neither of the moons having yet appeared.

Severnius dismissed the sleigh, saying that we would walk home,--the
distance was not far,--and we entered the grounds and proceeded to
mount the flight of broad steps leading up to the magnificent
arched entrance. The great carved doors,--the carvings were
emblematic,--swung back and admitted us. The Temple was splendidly
illuminated within, and imagination could not picture anything more
imposing than the great central hall and winding stairs, visible all
the way up to the dome.

Below, on one side of this lofty hall, there were extensive and
luxurious baths. Severnius said the members of the Order were fond of
congregating here,--and I did not wonder at that; nothing that
appertains to such an establishment was lacking. Chairs and sofas that
we would call "Turkish," thick, soft rugs and carpets, pictures,
statuary, mirrors, growing plants, rare flowers, books, musical
instruments. And Severnius told me the waters were delightful for

The second story consisted of a series of spacious rooms divided from
each other by costly portieres, into which the various emblems and
devices were woven in their proper tinctures.

All of these rooms were as sumptuously furnished as those connected
with the baths; and the decorations, I thought, were even more
beautiful, of a little higher or finer order.

In one of the rooms a lady was playing upon an instrument resembling a
harp. She dropped her hands from the strings and came forward

"Perhaps we are intruding?" said Severnius.

"Ah, no, indeed," she laughed, pleasantly; "no one could be more
welcome here than the brother of our Supreme Sorceress!"

"Happy the man who has a distinguished sister!" returned he.

"I am unfortunate," she answered with a slight blush. "Severnius is
always welcome for his own sake."

He acknowledged the compliment, and with a certain reluctance, I
thought, said, "Will you allow me, Claris, to introduce my
friend--from another planet?"

She took a swift step toward me and held out her hand.

"I have long had a great curiosity to meet you, sir," she said.

I bowed low over her hand and murmured that her curiosity could not
possibly equal the pleasure I felt in meeting her.

She gave Severnius a quick, questioning look. I believe she thought he
had told me something about her. He let her think what she liked.

"How is it you are here?" he asked.

"You mean instead of being with the others?" she returned. "I have not
been well lately, and I thought--or my husband thought--I had better
not join the procession. I am awaiting them here."

As she spoke, I noticed that she was rather delicate looking. She was
tall and slight, with large, bright eyes, and a transparent
complexion. If Elodia had not filled all space in my consciousness I
think I should have been considerably interested in her. I liked her
frank, direct way of meeting us and talking to us. We soon left her
and continued our explorations.

I wanted to ask Severnius something about her, but I thought he
avoided the subject. He told me, however, that her husband, Massilia,
was one of his closest friends. And then he added, "I wonder that she
took his advice!"

"Why so," I asked; "do not women here ever take their husbands'

"Claris is not in the habit of doing so," he returned with, I thought,
some severity. And then he immediately spoke of something else quite
foreign to her.

The third and last story comprised an immense hall or assembly room,
and rows of deep closets for the robes and paraphernalia of the
members of the Order. In one of these closets a skeleton was suspended
from the ceiling and underneath it stood a coffin. On a shelf were
three skulls with their accompanying cross-bones, and several
cruel-looking weapons.

Severnius said he supposed these hideous tokens were employed in the
initiation of new members. It seemed incredible. I thought that, if it
were so, the Marsian women must have stronger nerves than ours.

A great many beautiful marble columns and pillars supported the roof
of the hall, and the walls had a curiously fluted appearance. There
was a great deal of sculpture, not only figures, but flowers, vines,
and all manner of decorations,--even draperies chiseled in marble that
looked like frozen lace, with an awful stillness in their ghostly
folds. There was a magnificent canopied throne on an elevation like an
old-fashioned pulpit, and seats for satellites on either side, and at
the base. If I had been alone, I would have gone up and knelt down
before the throne,--for of course that was where Elodia sat,--and I
would have kissed the yellow cushion on which her feet were wont to
rest when she wielded her jeweled scepter. The scepter, I observed,
lay on the throne-chair.

There was an orchestra, and there were "stations" for the various
officials, and the walls were adorned with innumerable cabalistic
insignia. I asked Severnius if he knew the meaning of any of them.

"How should I know?" he replied in surprise. "Only the initiates
understand those things."

"Then these women keep their secrets," said I.

"Yes, to be sure they do," he replied.

The apartment to the right, on the entrance floor, opposite the baths,
was the last we looked into, and was a magnificent banquet hall. A
servant who stood near the door opened it as though it had been the
door of a shrine, and no wonder! It was a noble room in its dimensions
and in all its unparalleled adornments and appurtenances.

The walls and ceiling bristled with candelabra all alight. The tables,
set for a banquet, held everything that could charm the eye or tempt
the appetite in such a place.

I observed a great many inverted stemglasses of various exquisite
styles and patterns, including the thin, flaring goblets, as delicate
as a lily-cup, which mean the same thing to Marsians as to us.

"Do these women drink champagne at their banquets?" I asked, with a

"O, yes," replied Severnius. "A banquet would be rather tame without,
wouldn't it? The Auroras are not much given to drink, ordinarily, but
on occasions like this they are liable to indulge pretty freely."

"Is it possible!" I could say no more than this, and Severnius went

"The Auroras, you see, are the cream of our society,--the
_elite_,--and costly drinks are typical, in a way, of the highest
refinement. Do you people never drink wine at your social gatherings?"

"The men do, of course, but not the women," I replied in a tone which
the whole commonwealth of Paleveria might have taken as a rebuke.

"Ah, I fear I shall never be able to understand!" said he. "It is very
confusing to my mind, this having two codes--social as well as
political--to apply separately to members of an identical community. I
don't see how you can draw the line so sharply. It is like having two
distinct currents in a river-bed. Don't the waters ever get mixed?"

"You are facetious," I returned, coldly.

"No, really, I am in earnest," said he. "Do no women in your country
ever do these things,--parade and drink wine, and the like,--which you
say you men are not above doing?"

I replied with considerable energy:

"I have never before to-day seen women of any sort dress themselves up
in conspicuous uniforms and exhibit themselves publicly for the avowed
purpose of being seen and making a sensation, except in circuses. And
circus women,--well, they don't count. And of course we have a class
of women who crack champagne bottles and even quaff other fiery
liquors as freely as men, but I do not need to tell you what kind of
creatures those are."

At that moment there were sounds of tramping feet outside, and the
orchestra filed in at the farther end of the _salon_ and took their
places on a high dais. At a given signal every instrument was in
position and the music burst forth, and simultaneously the banqueters
began to march in. They had put off their heavy outside garments but
retained their ornaments and insignia. Their white necks and arms
gleamed bewitchingly through silvered lace. They moved to their places
without the least jostling or awkwardness, their every step and motion
proving their high cultivation and grace.

"We must get out of here," whispered Severnius in some consternation.
But a squad of servants clogged the doorway and we were crowded
backward, and in the interest of self-preservation we took refuge in a
small alcove behind a screen of tall hot-house plants with enormous
leaves and fronds.

"Good heavens! what shall we do?" cried Severnius, beginning to

"Let us sit down," said I, who saw nothing very dreadful in the
situation except that it was warm, and the odor of the blossoms in
front of us was overpowering. There was a bench in the alcove, and we
seated ourselves upon it,--I with much comfort, for it was a little
cooler down there, and my companion with much fear.

"Would it be a disgrace if we were found here?" I asked.

"I would not be found here for the world!" replied Severnius. "It
would not be a disgrace, but it would be considered highly improper.
Or, to put it so that you can better understand it, it would be the
same as though they were men and we women."

"That is clear!" said I; and I pictured to myself two charming New
York girls of my acquaintance secreting themselves in a hall where we
City Guards were holding a banquet,--ye gods!

As the feast progressed, and as my senses were almost swept away by
the scent of the flowers, I sometimes half fancied that it _was_ the
City Guards who were seated at the tables.

During the first half-hour everything was carried on with great
dignity, speakers being introduced--this occurred in the interim
between courses--in proper order, and responding with graceful and
well-prepared remarks, which were suitably applauded. But after the
glasses had been emptied a time or two all around, there came a change
with which I was very familiar. Jokes abounded and jolly little songs
were sung,--O, nothing you would take exception to, you know, if they
had been men; but women! beautiful, cultivated, charming women, with
eyes like stars, with cheeks that matched the dawn, with lips that you
would have liked to kiss! And more than this: the preservers of our
ideals, the interpreters of our faith, the keepers of our consciences!
I felt as though my traditionary idols were shattered, until I
remembered that these were not my countrywomen, thank heaven!

Severnius was not at all surprised; he took it all as a matter of
course, and was chiefly concerned about how we were going to get out
of there. It was more easily accomplished than we could have imagined.
The elegant candelabra were a cunningly contrived system of electric
lights, and, as sometimes happens with us, they went out suddenly and
left the place in darkness for a few convenient seconds. "Quick, now!"
cried Severnius with a bound, and there was just time for us to make
our escape. We had barely reached the outer door when the whole
building was ablaze again.

Severnius offered no comments on the events of the evening, except to
say we were lucky to get out as we did, and of course I made none. At
my suggestion we stopped at the observatory and spent a few hours
there. Lost among the stars, my soul recovered its equilibrium. I have
found that little things cease to fret when I can lift my thoughts to
great things.

It must have been near morning when I was awakened by the jingling of
bells, and a sleigh driving into the _porte cochere_. A few moments
later I heard Elodia and her maid coming up the stairs. Her maid
attended her everywhere, and stationed herself about like a dummy. She
was the sign always that Elodia was not far off; and I am sure she
would have laid down her life for her mistress, and would have
suffered her tongue to be cut out before she would have betrayed her
secrets. I tell you this to show you what a power of fascination
Elodia possessed; she seemed a being to be worshiped by high and low.

Severnius and I ate our breakfast alone the following morning. The
Supreme Sorceress did not get up, nor did she go down town to attend
to business at all during the day. At lunch time she sent her maid
down to tell Severnius that she had a headache.

"Quite likely," he returned, as the girl delivered her message; "but I
am sorry to hear it. If there is anything I can do for her, tell her
to let me know."

The girl made her obeisance and vanished.

"We have to pay for our fun," said Severnius with a sigh.

"I should not think your sister would indulge in such 'fun'!" I
retorted as a kind of relief to my hurt sensibilities, I was so
cruelly disappointed in Elodia.

"Why my sister in particular?" returned he with a look of surprise.

"Well, of course, I mean all those women,--why do they do such things?
It is unwomanly, it--it is disgraceful!"

I could not keep the word back, and for the first time I saw a flash
of anger in my friend's eyes.

"Come," said he, "you must not talk like that! That term may have a
different signification to you, but with us it means an insult."

I quickly begged his pardon and tried to explain to him.

"Our women," I said, "never do things of that sort, as I have told
you. They have no taste for them and no inclination in that
direction,--it is against their very nature. And if you will forgive
me for saying so, I cannot but think that such indulgence as we
witnessed last night must coarsen a woman's spiritual fibre and dull
the fine moral sense which is so highly developed in her."

"Excuse me," interposed Severnius. "You have shown me in the case of
your own sex that human nature is the same on the Earth that it is on
Mars. You would not have me think that there are two varieties of
human nature on your planet, corresponding with the sexes, would you?
You say 'woman's' spiritual fibre and fine moral sense, as though she
had an exclusive title to those qualities. My dear sir, it is
impossible! you are all born of woman and are one flesh and one blood,
whether you are male or female. I admit all you say about the
unwholesome influence of such indulgence as wine drinking, late hours,
questionable stories and songs,--a night's debauch, in fact, which it
requires days sometimes to recover from,--but I must apply it to men
as well as women; neither are at their best under such conditions. I
think," he went on, "that I begin to understand the distinction which
you have curiously mistaken for a radical difference. Your women, you
say, have always been in a state of semi-subjection--"

"No, no," I cried, "I never said so! On the contrary, they hold the
very highest place with us; they are honored with chivalrous devotion,
cared for with the tenderest consideration. We men are their slaves,
in reality, though they call us their lords; we work for them, endure
hardships for them, give them all that we can of wealth, luxury, ease.
And we defend them from danger and save them every annoyance in our
power. They are the queens of our hearts and homes."

"That may all be," he replied coolly, "but you admit that they have
always been denied their political rights, and it follows that their
social rights should be similarly limited. Long abstinence from the
indulgences which you regard as purely masculine, has resulted in a
habit merely, not a change in their nature."

"Then thank heaven for their abstinence!" I exclaimed.

"That is all very well," he persisted, "but you must concede that in
the first place it was forced upon them, and that was an injustice,
because they were intelligent beings and your equals."

"They ought to thank us for the injustice, then," I retorted.

"I beg your pardon! they ought not. No doubt they are very lovely and
innocent beings, and that your world is the better for them. But they,
being restricted in other ways by man's authority, or his wishes, or
by fear of his disfavor perhaps, have acquired these gentle qualities
at the expense of--or in the place of--others more essential to the
foundation of character; I mean strength, dignity, self-respect, and
that which you once attributed to my sister,--responsibility."

I was bursting with indignant things which I longed to say, but my
position was delicate, and I bit my tongue and was silent.

I will tell you one thing, my heart warmed toward my gentle
countrywomen! With all their follies and frivolities, with all their
inconsistencies and unaccountable ways, their whimsical fancies and
petty tempers, their emotions and their susceptibility to new isms
and religions, they still represented my highest and best ideals. And
I thought of Elodia, sick upstairs from her last night's carousal,
with contempt.

Chapter 4.


    "If to her lot some female errors fall,
    Look to her face and you'll forget them all."

My contempt for Elodia vanished at the first intimation of her
presence. I had expected to meet her with an air of cold superiority,
but when she entered the dining-room that evening with her usual
careless aplomb, the glance with which she favored me reduced me to my
customary attitude toward her,--that of unquestioning admiration. Our
physical nature is weak, and this woman dominated my senses
completely, with her beauty, with her melodious voice, her singular
magnetic attraction, and every casual expression of her face.

On that particular evening, her dress was more than ordinarily
becoming, I thought. She had left off some of the draperies she
usually wore about her shoulders, and her round, perfect waist was
more fully disclosed in outline. She was somewhat pale, and her eyes
seemed larger and darker than their wont, and had deeper shadows. And
a certain air of languor that hung about her was an added grace. She
had, however, recovered sufficiently from the dissipations of the day
before to make herself uncommonly agreeable, and I never felt in a
greater degree the charm and stimulus of her presence and

After dinner she preceded us into the parlor,--which was unusual, for
she was always too sparing of her society, and the most we saw of her
was at dinner or luncheon time,--and crossed over to an alcove where
stood a large and costly harp whose strings she knew well how to

"Elodia, you have never sung for our friend," said Severnius.

She shook her head, and letting her eyes rest upon me
half-unconsciously--almost as if I were not there in fact, for she had
a peculiar way of looking at you without actually seeing you,--she
went on picking out the air she had started to play. I subjoined a
beseeching look to her brother's suggestive remark, but was not sure
she noted it. But presently she began to sing and I dropped into a
chair and sat spell-bound. Her voice was sweet, with a quality that
stirred unwonted feelings; but it was not that alone. As she stood
there in the majesty of her gracious womanhood, her exquisite figure
showing at its best, her eyes uplifted and a something that meant
power radiating from her whole being, I felt that, do what she might,
she was still the grandest creature in that world to me!

Soon after she had finished her song, while I was still in the thrall
of it, a servant entered the room with a packet for Severnius, who
opened and read it with evident surprise and delight.

"Elodia!" he cried, "those friends of mine, those Caskians from
Lunismar, are coming to make us a visit."

"Indeed!" she answered, without much enthusiasm, and Severnius turned
to me.

"It is on your account, my friend, that I am to be indebted to them
for this great pleasure," he explained.

"On my account?" said I.

"Yes, they have heard about you, and are extremely anxious to make
your acquaintance?"

"They must be," said Elodia, "to care to travel a thousand miles or so
in order to do it."

"Who are they, pray?" I asked.

"They are a people so extraordinarily good," she said with a laugh,
"so refined and sublimated, that they cast no shadow in the sun."

Severnius gave her a look of mild protest.

"They are a race exactly like ourselves, outwardly," he said, "who
inhabit a mountainous and very picturesque country called Caskia, in
the northern part of this continent."

"O, that is where the Perfect Pair came from," I rejoined, remembering
what he had told me about Man's origin on Mars.

Elodia smiled. "Has Severnius been entertaining you with our religious
fables?" she asked. I glanced at him and saw that he had not heard;
he was finishing his letter.

"You will be interested in these Caskians," he said to me animatedly
as he folded it up; "I was. I spent some months in Lunismar, their
capital, once, studying. They have rare facilities for reading the
heavens there,--I mean of their own contrivance,--beside their natural
advantages; their high altitude and the clearness of the air."

"And they name themselves after the planetoids and other heavenly
bodies," interjected Elodia, "because they live so near the stars.
What is the name of the superlative creature you were so charmed with,

"I suppose you mean my friend Calypso's wife, Clytia," returned he.

"O, yes, I remember,--Clytia. Is she to favor us?"

"Yes, and her husband and several others."

"Any other women?"

"One or two, I think."

"And how are we to conduct ourselves during the visitation?"

"As we always do; you will not find that they will put any constraint
upon you."

"No, hardly," said Elodia, with a slight curl of the lip.

I was eager to hear more about these singular people,--the more eager,
perhaps, because the thought of them seemed to arouse Elodia to an
unwonted degree of feeling and interest. Her eyes glowed intensely,
and the color flamed brightly in her cheeks.

I pressed a question or two upon Severnius, and he responded:

"According to the traditions and annals of the Caskians, they began
many thousands of years ago to train themselves toward the highest
culture and most perfect development of which mankind is capable.
Their aim was nothing short of the Ideal, and they believed that the
ideal was possible. It took many centuries to counteract and finally
to eradicate hereditary evils, but their courage and perseverance did
not give way, and they triumphed. They have dropped the baser natural

"As, in the course of evolution, it is said, certain species of
animals dropped their tails to become Man," interrupted Elodia.

She rose from the divan on which she had gracefully disposed herself
when she quit playing, and glided from the room, sweeping a bow to us
as she vanished, before Severnius or I could interpose an objection to
her leaving us. Although there was never any appearance of haste in
her manner, she had a swift celerity of movement which made it
impossible to anticipate her intention.

Severnius, however, did not care to interpose an objection, I think.
He felt somewhat hurt by her sarcastic comments upon his friends, and
he expanded more after she had gone.

"You must certainly visit Lunismar before you leave Mars," he said.
"You will feel well repaid for the trouble. It is a beautiful city,
wonderful in its cleanness, in its dearth of poverty and squalor, and
in the purity and elevation of its social tone. I think you will wish
you might live there always."

There seemed to be a regret in his voice, and I asked:

"Why did not you remain there?"

"Because of my sister," he answered.

"But she will marry, doubtless." For some occult reason I hung upon
his reply to this. He shook his head.

"I do not think she will," he said. "And she and I are all that are
left of our family."

"She does not like,--or she does not believe in these Caskians?" I
hoped he would contradict me, and he did. I had come to found my
judgments of people and of things upon Elodia's, even against the
testimony of my reason. If she disapproved of her brother's
extraordinary friends and thought them an impossible people, why,
then, I knew I should have misgivings of them, too; and I wanted to
believe in them, not only on Severnius' account, but because they
presented a curious study in psychology.

"O, yes, she does," he said. "She thinks that their principles and
their lives are all right for themselves, but would not be for her--or
for us; and our adoption of them would be simply apish. She is
genuine, and she detests imitation. She accepts herself--as she puts
it--as she found herself. God, who made all things, created her upon a
certain plane of life, and with certain tastes, faculties, passions
and propensities, and that it is not her office to disturb or distort
the order of His economy."

"She does not argue thus in earnest," I deprecated.

"It is difficult to tell when Elodia is in earnest," he replied. "She
thinks my sanctuary in the top story of the house here, is a kind of
weakness, because I brought the idea from Lunismar."

"O, then, it is not common here in Thursia for people to have things
of that sort in their homes!" I said in surprise.

"Yes, it has gotten to be rather common," he replied.

"Since you put in yours?"

He admitted that to be the case.

"You must think that you have done your country a great good," I began
enthusiastically, "in introducing so beautiful an innovation, and--"

"You are mistaken," he interrupted, "I think the contrary; because our
rich people, and some who are not rich but only ambitious, took it up
as a fad, and I believe it has really worked evil. It is considered
aristocratic to have one's own private shrine, and not to go to church
at all except in condescension, to patronize the masses. Elodia saw
clearly just how it would be, before I began to carry out my plan. She
has a logical mind, and her thought travels from one sequence to the
next with unfailing accuracy. I recall her saying that one cannot
superinduce the customs and habits of one society upon another of a
different order, without affectation; and that you cannot put on a new
religion, like a new garment, and feel yourself free in it."

"Does she not believe, then, in progress, development?"

"Only along the familiar lines. She thinks you can reach outward and
upward from your natural environment, but you must not tear yourself
out of it with violence. However, she admitted that my sanctuary was
well enough for me, because of my having lived among the Caskians and
studied their sublime ethics until I grew into the meanings of them.
But no person can take them second-hand from me, because I could not
bring away with me the inexpressible something which holds those
people together in a perfect Unit. I can go to Caskia and catch the
spirit of their religion, but I cannot bring Caskia here. It was a
mistake in so far as my neighbors are concerned, since they only see
in it, as I have said, a new fashion, a new diversion for their
ennuied thoughts."

"What is there peculiar about the religion of those people?" I asked.

"The most peculiar thing about it is that they live it, rather than
profess it," he replied.

"I don't think I understand," said I, and after a moment's
consideration of the matter in his own mind, he tried to make his
meaning clear to me.

"Do you often hear an upright man professing his honesty? It is a part
of himself. He is so free of the law which enjoins honesty that he
never gives it a thought. So with the man who is truly religious, he
has flung off the harness and no longer needs to guide himself by bit
and rein, or measure his conduct by the written code. My friends, the
Caskians, have emancipated themselves from the thraldom of the law by
absorbing its principles into themselves. It was like seed sown in the
ground, the germs burst from the husk and shot upward; they are
enjoying the flower and the fruit. That which all nations and peoples,
and all individuals, prize and desire above everything else in life,
is liberty. But I have seen few here in Paleveria who have any
conception of the vast spiritual meanings of the word. We limit it to
the physical; we say 'personal' liberty, as though that were all. You
admire the man of high courage, because in that one thing he is free.
So with all the virtues, named and unnamable; he is greatest who has
loosed himself the most, who weighs anchor and sails away triumphant
and free. But this is but a general picture of the Caskians; let me
particularize: we are forbidden to steal, by both our civil and
religious canons,--the coarseness of such a command would offend them
as much as a direct charge of theft would offend you or myself, so
exquisite is their sense of the rights of others, not only in the
matter of property but in a thousand subtle ways. Robbery in any form
is impossible with them. They would think it a crying sin for one to
take the slightest advantage of another,--nay, to neglect an
opportunity to assist another in the accomplishment of his rightful
purpose would be criminal. We, here on Mars, and you upon the Earth,
have discovered very sensitive elements in nature; they have
discovered the same in their own souls. Their perceptions are
singularly acute, their touch upon each other's lives finely delicate.
In this respect we compare with them as the rude blacksmith compares
with the worker in precious metals."

"But do they also concern themselves with science?" I asked.

"Assuredly," he answered. "Their inventions are remarkable, their
methods infinitely superior to ours. They believe in the triple
nature,--the spiritual, the intellectual, and the physical,--and take
equal pains in the development and culture of all."

"How wonderful!" I said, remembering that upon the Earth we have waves
of culture breaking over the land from time to time, spasmodic, and
never the same; to-day it may be physical, to-morrow intellectual, and
by-and-by a superfine spiritual bloom. But, whichever it is, it
sacrifices the other two and makes itself supreme.

Severnius went on. As he proceeded, I was struck by the fact that the
principles of our Christian civilization formed the basis of
Paleverian law.

"I wanted to give you some other instances," he said, "of the
'peculiarities' of the Caskians, as we started out with calling them.
There is a law with us against bearing false witness; they hold each
other in such honor and in such tenderness, that the command is an
idle breath. There is nothing mawkish or sentimental about this,
however; they, in fact, make no virtue of it, any more than you or I
make a virtue of the things we do habitually--perhaps from unanalyzed
motives of policy. You would not strike a man if you knew he would hit
back and hurt you worse than he himself was hurt; well, these people
have sensibilities so finely developed, that a wrong done to another
reacts upon themselves with exquisite suffering. The law and its
penalties are both unseen forces, operating on an internal not an
external plane. With us, the authority which declares, 'Thou shalt not
commit adultery,' becomes powerless at the threshold of marriage. Like
other such laws which hold us together in an outward appearance of
decency and good order, it is a dead letter to them up to the point
where we drop and trample upon it; here they take it up and carry it
into their inmost lives and thoughts in a way almost too fine for us
to comprehend. Because we have never so much as dreamed of catching
the spirit of that law."

"What do you mean?" I demanded, with a wide stare.

"Why, that marriage does not sanction lust. The Caskians hold that the
exercise of the procreative faculty is a divine function, and should
never be debased to mere animal indulgence. It has been said upon
Divine Authority--as we believe--that if a man look upon a woman to
lust after her, he has committed adultery in his heart. The Caskians
interpret that to mean a man's wife, the same as any other woman,
because--they hold--one who owes his being to lust and passion
naturally inherits the evil and the curse, just as surely as though
wedlock had not concealed the crime. Their children are conceived in
immaculate purity."

My look of prolonged amazement called out the usual question:

"Have you no such class in any of your highly civilized countries?"

"No, I think not. With us, children do not come in answer to an
intelligent desire for their existence, but are too often simply the
result of indulgence, and so unwelcome that their pre-natal life is
overshadowed by sorrow and crime."

"Well," said he, "it is the same here; our people believe that
conception without lust is an impossibility in nature, and that
instances of it are supernatural. And certainly it is incredible
unless your mind can grasp the problem, or rather the great fact, of
a people engaged for centuries in eliminating the purely animal
instincts from their consciousness."

After a moment he added:

"In Caskia it would be considered shocking if a pair contemplating
marriage were to provide themselves with only one suite of rooms, to
be shared together day and night. Even the humblest people have their
respective apartments; they think such separateness is absolutely
essential to the perfect development of the individual,--for in the
main we each must stand alone,--and to the preservation of moral
dignity, and the fine sentiment and mutual respect which are almost
certain to be lost in the lawlessness of undue familiarity. The
relation between my friend Calypso and his wife is the finest thing I
ever saw; they are lovers on the highest plane. It would be an
impossibility for either of them to say or do a coarse or improper
thing in the other's presence, or to presume, in any of the
innumerable ways you and I are familiar with in our observations of
husbands and wives, upon the marriage bond existing between them.
This matter of animal passion," he went on, after a little pause, "has
been at the bottom of untold crimes, and unnumbered miseries, in our
land. I doubt if any other one thing has been prolific of more or
greater evils,--even the greed of wealth. Men, and women, too, have
sacrificed kingdoms for it, have bartered their souls for it.
Countless homes have been desolated because of it, countless lives and
hearts have been laid on its guilty altar. We ostracize the bastard;
he is no more impure than the offspring of legalized licentiousness,
and the law which protects the one and despises the other, cannot
discriminate in the matter of after effects, cannot annul or enforce
the curse of heredity. With these people the law of chastity is graven
in the inmost heart, and in this matter, as in all others, each
generation acknowledges its obligation to the next."

Chapter 5.


           "Portable ecstasies ...
    corked up in a pint bottle."
              --DE QUINCEY.

I was glad when spring came, when the trees began to bud, the grass to
grow, the flowers to bloom; for, of all the seasons, I like it
best,--this wonderful resurrection of life and sweetness!

Thursia is a fine city,--not only in its costly and architecturally
and æsthetically perfect buildings, public and private, but in its
shaded avenues, its parks, lawns, gardens, fountains, its idyllic
statues, and its monuments to greatness.

Severnius took pains to exhibit all its attractions to me, driving
with me slowly through the beautiful streets, and pointing out one
conspicuous feature and another. Of course there were some streets
which were not beautiful, but he avoided those as much as
possible,--as I have done myself when I have had friends visiting me
in New York. It is a compliment to your guest to show him the best
there is and to spare him the worst.

But often, too, we took long walks through fields and woods. When
Elodia accompanied us, which she did a few times, the whole face of
nature smiled, and I thought Paleveria the most incomparably charming
country I had ever seen. Her presence gave importance to
everything,--the song of a bird, the opening of a humble little
flower, the babbling of water. But other things absorbed most of her
time,--we only got the scraps, the remnants. When she was with us she
relaxed, as though we were in some sort a recreation. She amused
herself with us just as I have seen a busy father amuse himself with
his family for an hour or so of an evening. And I think we really
planned our little theatricals of evening conversation for her,--at
least I did. I saved up whatever came to me of thought or incident to
give to her at the dinner table. And she appreciated it; her mind
bristled with keen points, upon which any ideas let loose were caught
in a flash. The sudden illumination of her countenance when a new
thing, or even an old thing in a new dress, was presented to her, was
of such value to me that I found myself laying traps for it, inventing
stories and incidents to touch her fancy.

Besides her banking interests, over which she kept a close
surveillance, she had a great many other matters that required to be
looked after. As soon as the weather was fine enough, and business
activities in the city began to be redoubled, especially in the matter
of real estate, she made a point of driving about by herself to
inspect one piece of property and another, and to make plans and see
that they were carried out according to her ideas. And she was just as
conscientious in the discharge of her official duties. She was
constantly devising means for the betterment of the schools, both as
to buildings and methods of instruction. I believe she knew every
teacher personally,--and there must have been several thousand,--and
her relations with all of them were cordial and friendly. Her
approbation was a thing they strove for and valued,--not because of
her official position and the authority she held in her hands, but
because of a power which was innate in herself and that made her a
leader and a protector.

But I was too selfish to yield my small right to her society,--the
right only of a guest in her house,--to these greater claims with
absolute sweetness and patience.

"Why does she take all these things upon herself?" I asked of

"Because she has a taste for them," he replied. "Or, as she would say,
a need of them. It is an internal hunger. It is her nature to exert
herself in these ways."

"I cannot believe it is her nature; it is no woman's nature," I
retorted. "It is a habit which she has cultivated until it has got the
mastery of her."

"Perhaps," returned Severnius, who was never much disposed to argue
about his sister's vagaries--as they seemed to me.

"All this is mannish," I went on. "There are other things for women to
do. Why does she not give her time and attention to the softer
graces, to feminine occupations?"

"I see," he laughed; "you want her to drop these weighty matters and
devote herself to amusing us! and you call that 'feminine.'"

I joined in his laugh ruefully.

"Perhaps I am narrow, and selfish, too," I admitted; "but she is so
charming, she brings so much into our conversations whenever we can
entice her to spend a moment with us."

"Yes, that is true," he answered. "She gleans her ideas from a large
and varied field."

"I do not mean her ideas, so much as--well, as the delicious flavor of
her presence and personality."

"Her presence and her personality would not have much flavor, my
friend, if she had no ideas, I am thinking."

"O, yes, they would," I insisted. "They are the ether in which our own
thoughts expand and take shape and color. They are the essence of her
supreme beauty."

He shook his head. "Beauty is nothing without intelligence. What is
the camellia beside the rose? Elodia is the rose. She has several
pleasing qualities that appeal to you at one and the same time."

This was rather pretty, but a man's praises of his sister always sound
tame to me. "She is adorable!" I cried with fervor. We were walking
toward a depot connected with a great railway. For the first time I
was to try the speed of a Marsian train. Severnius wanted me to visit
the city of Frambesco, some two hundred miles from Thursia, in another

After a short, ruminating silence I broke out again:

"We don't even have her company evenings, to any extent. What does she
do with her evenings?"

"Who? O, Elodia! Why, she goes to her club. For recreation, you know."

"That is complimentary to you and me," I said coolly.

He brought his spectacles to bear upon me somewhat sharply.

"Don't you think you are a little unreasonable?" he demanded. "You
have curious ideas about individual liberty! Now, we hold that every
soul shall be absolutely free,--that is, in its relations to other
souls; it shall not be coerced by any other. It is as though souls
were stars suspended in space, each moving in its appointed orbit. No
one has the right to disturb the poise and equilibrium of another, not
even the one nearest it. That is a Caskian idea, by the way; about the
only one Elodia is enamored of. These souls, or spheres, are extremely
sensitive; and they may, and do, exert a tremendous influence, one
upon another,--but without violence."

"Your meaning is clear," I said coldly. "My powers of attraction in
this case are feeble. Is the club you speak of composed entirely of


"Do not the men here have clubs?"

"O, yes; I belong to one, though I do not often attend. I will take
you to visit it,--I wonder I had not thought of it before! But those
things are disturbing; we scientists like to keep our minds clear,
like the lenses of our telescopes."

"Is Elodia's club a literary one?" I asked, though I was almost sure
it was not.

"O, no; it is for recreation purely, as I said. The same kind of a
club, I suppose, that you men have. Of course, they have the current
literature, which they skim over and discuss, so as to keep themselves
informed about what is going on in the world. It is the only way you
can keep up with the times, I think, for no one can read everything.
They have games and various diversions. Elodia's clubhouse is
furnished with elegant baths, for women have an extraordinary fondness
for bathing. And they have a gymnasium,--you notice what splendid
figures most of our women have!--and of course a wine cellar."

"Severnius!" I cried. "You don't mean to tell me that these women have
wines in their clubhouse?"

"Why, yes," said he.

"And it is tolerated, allowed, nobody objects?"

"O, yes, there are plenty of objectors," he replied. "There is a very
strong anti-intoxicant element here, but it has no actual force and
exerts but little influence in--in our circles."

Severnius was too modest a man to boast of belonging to the upper
class of society, but that was what "our circles" meant.

"But do not the male relatives of these women object,--their husbands,
fathers, brothers?"

"No, indeed, why should they? We do the same things they do, without
demur from them."

"But they should be looking after their domestic affairs, their
children, their homes."

"My dear sir! they have servants to attend to those matters."

It seemed useless to discuss these things with Severnius, his point of
view concerning the woman question was so different from mine.
Nevertheless, I persisted.

"Tell me, Severnius, do women on this planet do everything that men

"They have that liberty," he replied, "but there is sometimes a
difference of tastes."

"I am glad to hear it!"

"For instance, they do not smoke. By the way, have a cigar?" He passed
me his case and we both fired up. There is a peculiarly delightful
flavor in Marsian tobacco.

"They have a substitute though," he added, removing the fragrant weed
from his lips to explain. "They vaporize."

"They what?"

"They have a small cup, a little larger than a common tobacco pipe,
which they fill with alcohol and pulverized valerian root. This
mixture when lighted diffuses a kind of vapor, a portion of which they
inhale through the cup-stem, a slender, tortuous tube attached to the
cup. The most of it, however, goes into the general air."

"Good heavens!" I cried, "valerian! the most infernal, diabolical
smell that was ever emitted from any known or unknown substance."

"It is said to be soothing to the nerves," he replied.

"But do you not find it horribly disagreeable, unbearable?" I suddenly
recollected that, in passing through the upper hall of the house, I
had once or twice detected this nauseating odor, in the neighborhood
of Elodia's suite of rooms.

"Yes, I do," he answered, "when I happen to come in contact with it,
which is seldom. They are careful not to offend others to whom the
vapor is unpleasant. Elodia is very delicate in these matters; she is
fond of the vapor habit, but she allows no suggestion of it to cling
to her garments or vitiate her breath."

"It must be a great care to deodorize herself," I returned, with
ill-concealed contempt.

"That is her maid's business," said he.

"Is it not injurious to health?" I asked.

"Quite so; it often induces frightful diseases, and is sometimes fatal
to life even."

"And yet they persist in it! I should think you would interfere in
your sister's case."

"Well," said he, "the evils which attend it are really no greater than
those that wait upon the tobacco habit; and, as I smoke, I can't
advise with a very good grace. I have a sort of blind faith that these
good cigars of mine are not going to do me any harm,--though I know
they have harmed others; and I suppose Elodia reasons in the same
friendly way with her vapor cup."

The train stood on the track ready to start. I was about to spring up
the steps of the last car when Severnius stopped me.

"Not that one," he said; "that is the woman's special."

I stepped back, and read the word _Vaporizer_,--printed in large gilt
letters,--bent like a bow on the side of the car.

"Do you mean to tell me, Severnius," I exclaimed, "that the railroad
company devotes one of these magnificent coaches exclusively to the
use of persons addicted to the obnoxious habit we have been speaking

"That is about the size of it," he returned,--he borrowed the phrase
from me. "Come, make haste, or we shall be left; the next car is the
smoker; we'll step into that and finish these cigars, after which
I'll show you what sumptuous parlor coaches we have."

As we mounted to the platform I could not resist glancing into the
_Vaporizer_. There were only two or three ladies there, and one of
them held in her ungloved hand the little cup with the tortuous stem
which my friend had described to me. From it there issued a pale blue
smoke or vapor, and oh! the smell of it! I held my breath and hurried
after Severnius.

"That is the most outrageous, abominable thing I ever heard of!" I
declared, as we entered the smoker and took our seats.

"O, it is nothing," he returned, smiling; "you are a very fastidious
fellow. I saw you look into that car; did you observe the lady in

"I should think I did! she was in the act," I replied. "And I
recognized her, too; she is that Madam Claris you introduced me to in
the Auroras' Temple, is she not?"

"Yes; but did you notice her cup?"

"Not particularly."

"It is carved out of the rarest wood we have,--wood that hardens like
stone with age,--and has an indestructible lining and is studded with
costly gems; the thing is celebrated, an heirloom in Claris' family.
They like to sport those things, the owners of them do. They are a
mark of distinction,--or, as they might say in some of your countries,
a patent of nobility."

"I suppose, then, that only the rich and the aristocratic 'vaporize'?"

"By no means; whatever the aristocracy do, humble folk essay to
imitate. These vapor cups are made in great quantities, of the
commonest clay, and sold for a penny apiece."

"Then it must be a natural taste, among your women?" said I.

"No, no more than smoking is among men. They say it is nauseating in
the extreme, at first, and requires great courage and persistence to
continue in it up to the point of liking. There is no doubt that it
becomes very agreeable to them in the end, and that it is almost
impossible to break the habit when once it is fixed."

"And what do they do with their cups,--I mean, how do they carry them
about when they are not using them?" I asked.

"Put them in a morocco case, the same as you would a meerschaum, and
drop them into a fanciful little bag which they wear on the arm,
suspended by a chain or ribbon."

Frambesco could not compare with Thursia either in size or beauty; and
it had a totally different air, a kind of swagger, you might say. I
felt the mercury in my moral barometer drop down several degrees as we
walked about the streets amid much filth, and foul odors, and
unsightly spectacles.

I made the natural comments to my friend, and he replied that neither
Frambesco nor any other city on the continent could hold a candle to
Thursia, where the best of every thing was centered.

We observed a great many enormous placards posted about conspicuously,
announcing a game of fisticuffs to take place that afternoon in an
amphitheatre devoted to such purposes; and we decided to look in upon
it. I think it was I who suggested it, for I had no little curiosity
about the "tactics" of the manly art in that country, having seen
Sullivan and several other famous hitters in our own.

Severnius had considerable difficulty in procuring tickets, and
finally paid a fabulous price to a speculator for convenient seats.
The great cost of admission of course kept out the rabble, and, in a
way, it was an eminently respectable throng that was assembled,--I
mean in so far as money and rich clothes make for respectability. But
there was an unmistakable coarseness in most of the faces, or if not
that, a curiosity which bordered on coarseness. I was amazed to see
women in the audience; but this was nothing to the horror that
quivered through me like a deadly wound, when the combatants sprang
into the arena and squared off for action. For they, too, were
women,--women with tender, rosy flesh; with splendid dark eyes
gleaming with high excitement. Their long, fair hair was braided and
twisted into a hard knot on top of the head. They wore no gloves. Ah,
a woman's hands are soft enough without padding!--I thought.

They went at it in scientific fashion and were careful to observe the
etiquette of the game; it was held "foul" to attack the face. In fact
it was more of a wrestling than a sparring match,--a test of strength,
prowess, agility. But I recoiled from it with loathing, and feeling
myself grow sick and faint, I muttered something to Severnius and
rushed out of the place. He followed me, of course; the performance
was quite as distasteful to him as to me, the only difference being
that he was familiar with the idea and I was not.

As I passed out, I observed that many of the women were vaporizing and
many of the men smoking. I suppose it was, in part, the intolerable
abomination of these commingled smells that affected me, for I
experienced a physical as well as moral nausea. I did not get over it
for hours, and I was as glad as a child when it came time to take the
train back to Thursia.

My disgust was so great that I could not discuss the matter with
Severnius, as I was wont to discuss other matters with him. There was
one thing for which I was supremely thankful,--that Elodia was not

A few days later, the subject accidentally came up, and I had the
satisfaction of hearing her denounce the barbarity as emphatically as
I could denounce it,--and more sweepingly, for she included male
fighters in her condemnation, and I was unable to make her see that
that was quite another matter.

Chapter 6.


    "O, in what sweets dost thou thy sins enclose."

During the time that intervened before the arrival of the Caskians, to
make their proposed visit, I gleaned many more interesting hints from
Severnius relative to their life and conduct, which greatly whetted my
curiosity to meet them. For instance, we were one day engaged in a
conversation, he, Elodia, and myself, upon the subject of the province
of poetry in history,--but that does not matter,--when dinner was
announced in the usual way; that is, the way which assumes without
doubt that nothing else in the world is so important as dinner. It may
be a bell, or a gong, or a verbal call, but it is as imperative as the
command of an autocrat. It brings to the ground, with the suddenness
of a mental shock, the finest flights of the imagination. It wakes the
soul from transcendent dreams, cools the fervor of burning eloquence,
breaks the spell of music. More than this: it destroys the delicate
combination of mental states and forces sometimes induced when several
highly trained minds have fallen into an attitude of acute sympathy
toward one another,--a rare and ineffable thing!--and are borne aloft
through mutual helpfulness to regions of thought and emotion
infinitely exalted, which can never be reproduced.

I have often had this experience myself, and have wished that the cook
was a creature of supernatural intuitions, so that he could divine the
right moment in which to proclaim that the soup was served! There is a
right moment, a happy moment, when the flock of intellectual birds,
let loose to whirl and circle and soar in the upper air, descend
gracefully and of their own accord to the agreeable level of soup.

On the occasion to which I have referred, I tried to ignore, and to
make my companions ignore, the discordant summons--by a kind of
dominant action of my mind upon theirs--in order that we might
continue the talk a little longer. We three had never before shown
ourselves off to each other to such striking advantage; we traveled
miles in moments, we expanded, we unrolled reams of intelligence which
were apprehended in a flash, as a whole landscape is apprehended in a
glare of lightning. It was as if our words were tipped with flame and
carried their illumination along with them. I knew that there never
would, never could, come another such time, but Elodia thwarted my
effort to hold it a moment longer.

"Come!" she cried gayly, rising to her feet and breaking off in the
middle of a beautiful sentence, the conclusion of which I was waiting
for with tremors of delight,--for her views, as it happened, accorded
with mine,--"the ideal may rule in art, but not in life; it is very
unideal to eat, but the stomach is the dial of the world."

"We make it so," said Severnius.

"Of course, we make all our sovereigns," she returned. "We set the
dial to point at certain hours, and it simply holds us to our
agreement,--it and the _chef_."

"That reminds me of our Caskian friends," said Severnius. "They have
exceedingly well-ordered homes, but occasionally one of the three
Natures waits upon another; the Mind may yield to some contingency
connected with the Body, or the Body waive its right in favor of the

"I had supposed they were more machine-like," commented Elodia, with
her usual air of not being able to take a great interest in the

"They are the farthest from that of any people I know," he answered.
"They have great moments, now and then, when a few people are gathered
together, and their thought becomes electrical and their minds mingle
as you have seen the glances of eyes mingle in a language more
eloquent than speech,--and, to tell the truth, we ourselves have such
moments, I'll not deny that; but the difference is, that they
appreciate the value of them and hold them fast, while we open our
hands and let them fly away like uncoveted birds, or worthless
butterflies. I have actually known a meal to be dropped out entirely
in Calypso's house, forgotten in the felicity of an intellectual or
spiritual delectation!"

"Thank heaven, that we live in Thursia!" cried Elodia, "where such
lapses are impossible."

"They are next to impossible there," said Severnius; "but they do
happen, which proves a great deal. They are in the nature of miracles,
they are so wonderful,--and yet not so wonderful. We forget sometimes
that we have a soul, and they forget that they have a body; there's no
great difference."

"There is a mighty difference," answered Elodia. "We are put into a
material world, to enjoy material benefits. I should think those
people would miss a great deal of the actual good of life in the
pursuit of the unactual,--always taking their flights from lofty
pinnacles, and skipping the treasures that lie in the valleys."

"On the contrary," he returned, "the humblest little flower that
grows, the tiniest pebble they pick up on the beach, the smallest
voice in nature, all have place in their economy. They miss nothing;
they gather up into their lives all the treasures that nature scatters
about. If a bird sings, they listen and say, 'That song is for me;'
or, if a blossom opens, 'I will take its beauty into my heart.' These
things, which are free to all, they accept freely. Their physical
senses are supplemented,--duplicated as it were, in finer quality,--by
exquisite inner perceptions."

The morning after this conversation, Severnius and I took a long drive
in a new direction. We went up the river a mile or so, the road
winding through an avenue of century-old elms, whose great, graceful
branches interlocked overhead and made a shade so dense that the very
atmosphere seemed green. We were so earnestly engaged in conversation
that I did not observe when we left the avenue and entered a wood. We
drove some distance through this, and then the road branched off and
skirted round a magnificent park,--the finest I had seen,--bordered by
a thick hedge, all abloom with white, fragrant flowers, and fenced
with a fretwork of iron, finished with an inverted fringe of bristling
points. Within, were evidences of costly and elaborate care; the trees
were of noble growth and the greensward like stretches of velvet over
which leaf-shadows flickered and played. The disposition of shrubbery
and flowers, the chaste and beautiful statuary, the fountains,
brooklets, arbors, and retreats; the rustic effects in bridges, caves,
grottoes, and several graceful arches, hidden in wreathed emerald,
from which snow-white cherubs with wings on their shoulders peeped
roguishly, all betokened ingenious design, and skilful and artistic

Beyond, seen vaguely through the waving foliage, were handsome
buildings, of the elegant cream-colored stone so much in vogue in
Thursia. Here and there, I espied a fawn; one pretty creature, with a
ribbon round its neck, was drinking at a fountain, and at the same
time some beautiful birds came and perched upon the marble rim and
dipped into the sparkling water.

"How lovely! how idyllic!" I cried. "What place is it, Severnius, and
why have I never seen it before?"

His answer came a little reluctantly, I thought. "It is called Cupid's

"And what does it mean?" I asked.

"Does not its name and those naked imps sufficiently explain it?" he
replied. As I looked at him, a blush actually mantled his cheek. "It
is a rendezvous," he explained, "where women meet their lovers."

"How curious! I never heard of such a thing," said I. "Do you mean
that the place was planned for that purpose, or did the name get
fastened upon it through accident? Surely you are joking, Severnius;
women can receive their lovers in their homes here, the same as with

"Their suitors, not their lovers," he replied.

"You make a curious distinction!" said I.

"Women sometimes marry their suitors, never their lovers,--any more
than men marry their mistresses."

"Great heavens, Severnius!" I felt the blood rush to my face and then
recede, and a cold perspiration broke out all over me. There was a
question in my mind which I did not dare to ask, but Severnius
divined it.

"Is it a new idea to you?" said he. "Have you no houses of
prostitution in your country, licensed by law, as this is?"

"For men, not for women," said I.

"Ah! another of your peculiar discriminations!" he returned.

"Well, surely you will agree with me that in this matter, at least,
there should be discrimination?" I urged.

He shook his head with that exasperating stubbornness one occasionally
finds in sweet-tempered people.

"No, I cannot agree with you, even in this," he replied. "What
possible reason is there why men, more than women, should be
privileged to indulge in vice?"

"Why, in the very nature of things!" I cried. "There is a hygienic
principle involved; you know,--it is a statistical fact,--that single
men are neither so vigorous nor so long-lived as married men, and a
good many men do not marry."

"Well, a good many more women do not marry; what of those?"

"Severnius! I cannot believe you are in earnest. Women!--that is
quite another matter. Women are differently constituted from men;
their nature--"

"O, come!" he interrupted; "I thought we had settled that
question--that their nature is of a piece with our own. It happens in
your world, my friend, that your women were kept to a strict line of
conduct, according to your account, by a severe discipline,--including
even the death penalty,--until their virtue, from being long and
persistently enforced, grew into a habit and finally became a question
of honor."

"Yes, stronger than death, thank God!" I affirmed.

"Well, then, it seems to me that the only excuse men have to offer for
their lack of chastity--I refer to the men on your planet--is that
they have not been hedged about by the wholesome restraints that have
developed self-government in women. I cannot admit your 'hygienic'
argument in this matter; life is a principle that needs encouragement,
and a man of family has more incentives to live, and usually his
health is better cared for, than a single man, that is all."

We rode in silence for some time. I finally asked, nodding toward the
beautiful enclosure still in view:

"How do they manage about this business; do they practice any

"Of course!" he replied. "I hope you do not think we live in open and
shameless lawlessness? Usually it is only the very wealthy who indulge
in such 'luxuries,' and they try to seal the lips of servants and
go-betweens with gold. But it does not always work; it is in the
nature of those things to leak out."

"And if one of these creatures is found out, what then?" I asked.

He answered with some severity: "'Creatures' is a harsh name to apply
to women, some of whom move in our highest circles!"

"I beg your pardon! call them what you like, but tell me, what happens
when there is an _exposé_? Are they denounced, ostracized, sat upon?"
I inquired.

"No, not so bad as that," said he. "Of course there is a scandal, but
it makes a deal of difference whether the scandal is a famous or an
infamous one. If the woman's standing is high in other respects,--if
she has money, political influence, talent, attractiveness,--there is
very little made of it; or if society feels itself particularly
insulted, she may conciliate it by marrying an honest man whose
respectability and position protect her."

"What! does an honest man--a gentleman--ever marry such a woman as
that?" I cried.

"Frequently; and sometimes they make very good wives. But it is risky.
I have a friend, a capital fellow, who was so unfortunate as to
attract such a woman, and who finally yielded to her persuasions and
married her."

"Heavens! do the women propose?"

"Certainly, when they choose to do so; what is there objectionable in

I made no reply, and he continued, "My friend, as I said, succumbed to
her pleadings partly--as I believe--because she threw herself upon his
mercy, though she is a beautiful woman, and he might have been
fascinated to some extent. She told him that his love and protection
would be her salvation, and that his denial of her would result in her
total ruin; and that for his sake she would reform her life. He is
both chivalrous and tender, and, withal, a little romantic, and he
consented. My opinion is that, if she could have had him without
marriage, she would have preferred it; but he is a true man, a man of
honor. Women of her sort like virtuous men, and seldom marry any
other. Her love proved to be an ephemeral passion--such as she had had
before--and the result has been what you might expect, though Claris
is not, by any means, the worst woman in the world."

"Claris?" I exclaimed.

"Ah! I did not mean to speak her name," he returned in some confusion;
"and I had forgotten that you knew her. Well, yes, since I have gone
so far, it is my friend Massilia's wife that I have been speaking of.
In some respects she is an admirable woman, but she has broken her
husband's heart and ruined his life."

"Admirable!" I repeated with scorn; "why, in my country, such conduct
would damn a woman eternally, no matter what angelic qualities she
might possess. She would be shown no quarter in any society--save the
very lowest."

"And how about her counterpart of the other sex?" asked Severnius,

I disregarded this, and returned:

"Did he not get a divorce?"

"No; the law does not grant a divorce in such a case. There was where
Claris was shrewder than her husband; she made herself safe by
confessing her misdeeds to him, and cajoling him into marrying her in
spite of them."

"I beg your pardon, but what a fool he was!"

Severnius acquiesced in this. "I tried to dissuade him," he said,
"before the miserable business was consummated,--he made me his
confidant,--but it was too late, she had him under her influence."

Another silence fell upon us, which I broke by asking, "Who were those
pretty youngsters we saw lounging about on the lawn back there?" I
referred to several handsome young men whom I had observed strolling
through the beautiful grounds.

He looked at me in evident surprise at the question, and replied:

"Why, those are some of the professional 'lovers'."

"Great Cæsar's ghost!"

"Yes," he went on; "some of our most promising youths are decoyed into
those places. It is a distressing business,--a hideous business! And,
on the other hand, there are similar institutions where lovely
young girls are the victims. I do not know which is the more
deplorable,--sometimes I think the latter is. A tender mother would
wish that her daughter had never been born, if she should take up with
such a life; and an honorable father would rather see his son gibbeted
than to find him inside that railing."

"I should think so!" I responded, and inquired, "What kind of standing
have these men in the outside world?"

"About the same that a leper would have. They are ignored and despised
by the very women who court their caresses here. In fact, they are on
a level with the common, paid courtesan,--the lowest rank there is. I
have often thought it a curious thing that either men or women should
so utterly despise these poor instruments of their sensual delights!"

My friend saw that I was too much shocked to moralize on the subject,
and he presently began to explain, and to modify the facts a little.

"You see, these fellows, when they begin this sort of thing, are
mostly mere boys, with the down scarcely started on their chins; in
the susceptible, impressionable stage, when a woman's honeyed
words--ay, her touch, even--may turn the world upside down to them.
The life, of course, has its attractions,--money and luxury; to say
nothing of the flattery, which is sweeter. Still, few, if any, adopt
it deliberately. Often they are wilily drawn into 'entanglements'
outside; for the misery of it is, that good society, as I have said
before, throws its cloak around these specious beguilers, and the
unfortunate dupe does not dream whither he is being led,--youth has
such a sincere faith in beauty, and grace, and feminine charm!
Sometimes reverses and disaster, of one kind or another, or a
cheerless home environment, drive a young man into seeking refuge and
lethean pleasures here. It is a form of dissipation similar to the
drink habit, only a thousand times worse."

"Worse?" I cried. "It is infernal, diabolical, damnable! And it is
woman who accomplishes this horrible ruin!--and is 'received' in
society, which, if too flagrantly outraged, will not forgive her
unless she marries some good man!"

"O, not always that," protested Severnius; "the unlucky sinner
sometimes recovers caste by a course of penitence, by multiplying her
subscriptions to charities, and by costly peace-offerings to the
aforesaid outraged society."

"What sort of peace-offerings?" I asked.

"Well, an entertainment, perhaps, something superb, something out of
the common; or may be a voyage in her private yacht. Bait of that
sort is too tempting for any but the high and mighty, the
real aristocrats, to withstand. The simply respectable, but
weak-hearted,--who are a little below her level in point of wealth,
position, or ancestry,--fall into her net. I have observed that a
woman who has forfeited her place in the highest rank of society
usually begins her reascent by clutching hold of the skirts of honest
folk who are flattered by her condescension, and whose sturdy arms
assist her to rise again."

"I have observed the same thing myself," I rejoined, but he had not
finished; there was a twinkle in his eye as he went on:

"If you were to reveal the secret of your air-ship to a woman of this
kind she would probably seize upon it as a means of salvation; she
would have one constructed, on a large and handsome scale, and invite
a party to accompany her on an excursion to the Earth. And though she
were the worst of her class, every mother's son--and daughter--of us
would accept! for none of us hold our self-respect at a higher figure
than that, I imagine."

"Yes, Severnius, you do," I replied emphatically.

"I beg your pardon! I would knock off a good deal for a visit to your
planet," he said, laughing.

By this time we had left Cupid's Gardens far behind. The road bent in
again toward the river, which we presently crossed. If it had not been
for the dreadful things I had just listened to, I think I should have
been in transports over the serene loveliness of the prospect around
us. The view was especially fine from the summit of the bridge; it is
a "high" bridge, for the Gyro is navigated by great steam-ships and
high-masted schooners.

Severnius bade the driver stop a moment that we might contemplate the
scene, but I had little heart for its beauties. And yet I can recall
the picture now with extraordinary clearness. The river has many
windings, and the woods often hide it from view; but it reappears,
again and again, afar off, in green meadows and yellowing
fields,--opalescent jewels in gold or emerald setting. Here and there,
in the distance, white sails were moving as if on land. Far beyond
were vague mountain outlines, and over all, the tender rose-blush of
the sky. The sweetness of it, contrasted with the picture newly
wrought in my mind, saddened me.

Some distance up the river, on the other side, we passed an old,
dilapidated villa, or group of buildings jumbled together without
regard to effect evidently, but yet picturesque. They were half hidden
in mammoth forest trees that had never been trimmed or trained, but
spread their enormous limbs wheresoever they would. Unpruned shrubbery
and trailing vines rioted over the uneven lawn, and the rank,
windblown grass, too long to stand erect, lay in waves like a woman's

In a general way, the lawn sloped downward toward the road, so that we
could see nearly the whole of it over the high, and ugly, board fence
which inclosed it. Under the trees, a little way back, I observed a
group of young girls lolling in hammocks and idling in rustic chairs.
They caught sight of us and sprang up, laughing boistterously. I
thought they were going to run away in pretended and playful flight;
but instead, they came toward us, and blew kisses at us off their

I looked at Severnius. "What does this mean?" I asked.

"Why," he said, and the blush mantled his handsome face again, "this
place is the counterpart of Cupid's Gardens,--a resort for men."

"I thought so," I replied.

By-and-by he remarked, "I hope you will not form too bad an opinion of
us, my friend! You have learned to-day what horrible evils exist among
us, but I assure you that the sum total of the people who practice
them constitutes but a small proportion of our population. And the
good people here, the great majority, look upon these things with the
same aversion and disgust that you do, and are doing their best--or
they think they are--to abolish them."

"How?--by legislation?" I asked.

"Partly; but more through education. Our preachers and teachers have
taken the matter up, but they are handicapped by the delicacy of the
question and the privacy involved in it, which seems to hinder
discussion even, and to forestall advice. Though this is the only way
to accomplish anything, I think. I have very little faith in
legislative measures against secret vices; it is like trying to dam a
stream which cannot be dammed but must break out somewhere. I am
convinced that my friends, the Caskians, have solved the question in
the only possible way,--by elevating and purifying the marriage
relation. I hope some good may be accomplished by the visit of the few
who are coming here!"

"Will they preach or lecture?" I asked, with what seemed to me a
moment later to be stupid simplicity.

"O, no!" replied Severnius, with the same air of modest but emphatic
protest which they themselves would have doubtless assumed had the
question been put to them. "It was simply their personal influence I
had reference to. I do not know that I can make you understand, but
their presence always seemed to me like a disinfectant of evil. With
myself, when I was among them, all the good that was in me responded
to their nobility; the evil in me slept, I suppose."

I made a skeptical rejoinder to the implication in his last sentence,
for to me he seemed entirely devoid of evil; and we finished the drive
in silence.

Chapter 7.


    "Having established his equality with class after class, of
    those with whom he would live well, he still finds certain
    others, before whom he cannot possess himself, because they have
    somewhat fairer, somewhat grander, somewhat purer, which extorts
    homage of him."--EMERSON.

It is scarcely egotistical for me to say that I was much sought after,
not only by the citizens of Thursia, but by many distinguished people
from other cities and countries. Among them were many men and women of
great scientific learning, who made me feel that I ought to have
provided myself with a better equipment of knowledge relative to my
own world, before taking my ambitious journey to Mars! They were
exceedingly polite, but I fear they were much disappointed in many of
my hazy responses to their eager questionings. I learned by this
experience the great value of exact information. In a country like
ours, where so much, and so many sorts, of knowledge are in the air, a
person is apt, unless he is a student of some particular thing, to get
little more than impressions.

There was I,--an average (let me hope!) American citizen,--at the
mercy of inquisitive experts in a hundred different arts and trades,
concerning which, in the main, my ideas might be conservatively
described as "general." You may imagine how unsatisfactory this was to
people anxious to know about our progress in physics and chemistry,
botany, and the great family of "ologies,"--or rather about our
processes in developing the principles of these great sciences.

With the astronomers and the electricians I got along all right; and I
was also able to make myself interesting,--or so I fancied--in
describing our social life, our educational and political
institutions, and our various forms of religion. Our modes of dress
were a matter of great curiosity to most of these people, and I was
often asked to exhibit my terrestrial garments.

It was when the crowd of outside visitors was at its thickest that the
Caskians arrived, and as their stay was brief, covering only two days,
you may suppose that we did not advance far on the road to mutual
acquaintance. But to tell the truth, there was not a moment's
strangeness between us after we had once clasped hands and looked into
each other's eyes. It might have been partly due to my own
preparedness to meet them with confidence and trust; but more, I
think, to their singular freedom from the conventional barriers with
which we hedge round our selfness. Their souls spoke to mine, and mine
answered back, and the compact of friendship was sealed in a glance.

I cannot hope to give you a very clear idea of their perfect
naturalness, their perfect dignity, their kindliness, or their
delightful gayety,--before which stiffness, formality, ceremony, were
borne down, dissolved as sunshine dissolves frost. No menstruum is so
wonderful as the quality of merriment, take it on any plane of life;
when it reaches the highest, and is subtilized by cultured and refined
intellects, it creates an atmosphere in which the most frigid autocrat
of society, and of learning, too, must thaw. The haughtiest dame
cannot keep her countenance in the face of this playful spirit toying
with her frills. The veriest old dry-as-dust, hibernating in mouldy
archæological chambers, cannot resist the blithesome thought which
dares to illumine his antique treasures with a touch of mirth.

I was struck by Clytia's beauty, which in some ways seemed finer than
Elodia's. The two women were about the same height and figure. But
Clytia's coloring was pure white and black, except for the healthy
carmine of her lips, and occasional fluctuations of the rose tint in
her cheeks.

I was present when they first met, in the drawing-room. Elodia rose to
her full stature, armed cap-a-pie with her stateliest manner, but with
a gracious sense of hospitality upon her. I marked with pleasure that
Clytia did not rush upon her with any exuberance of gladness,--as some
women would have done in a first meeting with their friend's
sister,--for that would have disgusted Elodia and driven her to still
higher ground. How curious are our mental attitudes toward our
associates, and how quickly adjusted! Here had I been in Elodia's
house, enjoying her companionship--if not her friendship--for months;
and yet, you see, I secretly did not wish any advantage to be on her
side. It could not have been disloyalty, for the impulse was swift and
involuntary. I would like to suppose that it sprang from my
instantaneous recognition of the higher nature; but it did not. It was
due, no doubt, to a fear for the more timid one--as I fancied it to
be. I had a momentary sensation as of wanting to "back"
Clytia,--knowing how formidable my proud hostess could be, and, I
feared, would be,--but the beautiful Caskian did not need my support.
She was not timid. I never saw anything finer than her manner; the
most consummate woman of the world could not have met the situation
with more dignity and grace, and with not half so much simplicity. Her
limpid dark eyes met Elodia's blue-rayed ones, and the result was
mutual respect, with a slight giving on Elodia's part.

I felt that I had, for the first time in my life, seen a perfect
woman; a woman of such fine proportions, of such nice balance, that
her noble virtues and high intelligence did not make her forget even
the smallest amenities. She kept in hand every faculty of her triple
being, so that she was able to use each in its turn and to give to
everything about her its due appreciation. She had, as Balzac says,
the gift of admiration and of comprehension. That which her glance
rested upon, that which her ear listened to, responded with all that
was in them. I thought it a wonderful power that could so bring out
the innate beauties and values of even inanimate things. Elodia's eyes
rested upon her, from time to time, with a keen and questioning
interest. I think that, among other things, she was surprised--as I
was--at the elegance, the "style" even, of Clytia's dress.

Although there is very little fashion on that planet, as we know the
word, there is a great deal of style. I had speedily mastered all its
subtle gradations, and could "place" a woman with considerable
certainty, by, let me say, her manner of wearing her clothes, if not
the clothes themselves. I have never studied woman's apparel in
detail, it always seems as mysterious to me as woman herself does; but
I have a good eye for effects in that line, as most men have, and I
knew that Clytia's costume was above criticism. She wore, just where
they seemed to be needed,--as the keystone is needed in an arch,--a
few fine gems. I could not conceive of her putting them on to arouse
the envy of any other woman, or to enhance her personal charms in the
eyes of a man. She dressed well, as another would sing well. Sight is
the sense we value most, but how often is it offended! You can
estimate the quality of a woman by the shade of green she chooses for
her gown. And there is poetry in the fit of a gown, as there is in the
color of it. Clytia knew these things, these higher principles of
dress, as the nightingale knows its song,--through the effortless
working of perfected faculties. But not she alone. My description of
her will answer for the others; the Caskians are a people, you see,
who neglect nothing. We upon the Earth are in the habit of saying,
with regretful cadence, Life is short. It is because our life is all
out of proportion. We are trying to cheat time; we stuff too much
plunder into our bags, and discriminate against the best.

Clytia and Calypso and their friend Ariadne, a young girl, stayed with
us throughout their visit; the others of their party were entertained
elsewhere. On each of the two evenings they were with us, Elodia
invited a considerable company of people,--not so many as to crowd the
rooms, nor so few as to make them seem empty. Those gatherings were
remarkable events, I imagine, in a good many lives.

They were in mine. At the close of each evening I retired to my room
in a state of high mental intoxication; my unaccustomed brain had
taken too large a draught of intellectual champagne. And when I awoke
in the morning, it was with a sense of fatigue of mind, the same as
one feels fatigue of body the day after extraordinary feats of
physical exertion.

But not so the guests! who came down into the breakfast room as
radiant as ever and in full possession of themselves. With them
fatigue seemed impossible. We do not know--because we are so poorly
trained--the wonderful elasticity of a human being, in all his parts.
We often see it exemplified in single faculties,--the voice of a
singer, the legs of a runner, the brain of a lawyer, the spirit of a
religionist. But, as I have said before, we are all out of proportion,
and any slight strain upon an unused faculty gives us the cramp. The
fact is, the most of us are cripples in some sense. We lack a moral
leg, a spiritual arm; there are parts of us that are neglected,
withered, paralyzed.

One thing in the Caskians which especially pleased me, and which I am
sure made a strong--and favorable--impression upon Elodia, too, was
that their conduct and conversation never lacked the vital human
interest without which all philosophy is cold, and all religion is

It appeared that these people had taken the long journey not only to
meet me, but that they might extend to me in person a cordial
invitation to visit their country. Severnius warmly urged me to
accept, assuring me, with unmistakable sincerity, that it would give
him pleasure to put his purse at my disposal for the expenses of the
journey,--I having brought up this point as a rather serious obstacle.
As it would only add one more item to the great sum of my indebtedness
to my friend, I took him at his word, and gave my promise to the
Caskians to make the journey to Lunismar sometime in the near future.
And with that they left us, and left behind them matter for
conversation for many a day.

Chapter 8.


    "It behoveth us also to consider the nature of him that

The longer I delayed my visit to Caskia, the more difficult it became
for me to tear myself away from Thursia. You may guess the lodestar
that held me back. It was as if I were attached to Elodia by an
invisible chain which, alas! in no way hindered her free movements,
because she was unconscious of its existence. Sometimes she treated me
with a charmingly frank _camaraderie_, and at other times her manner
was simply, almost coldly, courteous,--which I very well knew to be
due to the fact that she was more than usually absorbed in her
business or official affairs; she was never cold for a purpose, any
more than she was fascinating for a purpose. She was singularly
sincere, affecting neither smiles nor frowns, neither affability nor
severity, from remote or calculating motives. In brief, she did not
employ her feminine graces, her sexpower, as speculating capital in
social commerce. The social conditions in Thursia do not demand that
women shall pose in a conciliatory attitude toward men--upon whose
favor their dearest privileges hang. Marriage not being an economic
necessity with them, they are released from certain sordid motives
which often actuate women in our world in their frantic efforts to
avert the appalling catastrophe of missing a husband; and they are at
liberty to operate their matrimonial campaigns upon other grounds. I
do not say higher grounds, because that I do not know. I only know
that one base factor in the marriage problem,--the ignoble scheming to
secure the means of living, as represented in a husband,--is
eliminated, and the spirit of woman is that much more free.

We men have a feeling that we are liable at any time to be entrapped
into matrimony by a mask of cunning and deceit, which heredity and
long practice enable women to use with such amazing skill that few can
escape it. We expect to be caught with chaff, like fractious colts
coquetting with the halter and secretly not unwilling to be caught.

Another thing: woman's freedom to propose--which struck me as
monstrous--takes away the reproach of her remaining single; the
supposition being, as in the case of a bachelor, that it is a matter
of choice with her. It saves her the dread of having it said that she
has never had an opportunity to marry.

Courtship in Thursia may lack some of the tantalizing uncertainties
which give it zest with us, but marriage also is robbed of many doubts
and misgivings. Still I could not accustom myself with any feeling of
comfort to the situation there,--the idea of masculine pre-eminence
and womanly dependence being too thoroughly ingrained in my nature.

Elodia, of course, did many things and held many opinions of which I
did not approve. But I believed in her innate nobility, and
attributed her defects to a pernicious civilization and a government
which did not exercise its paternal right to cherish, and restrain,
and protect, the weaker sex, as they should be cherished, and
restrained, and protected. And how charming and how reliable she was,
in spite of her defects! She had an atomic weight upon which you could
depend as upon any other known quantity. Her presence was a stimulus
that quickened the faculties and intensified the emotions. At least I
may speak for myself; she awoke new feelings and aroused new powers
within me.

Her life had made her practical but not prosaic. She had imagination
and poetic feeling; there were times when her beautiful countenance
was touched with the grandeur of lofty thought, and again with the
shifting lights of a playful humor, or the flashings of a keen but
kindly wit. She had a laugh that mellowed the heart, as if she took
you into her confidence. It is a mark of extreme favor when your
superior, or a beautiful woman, admits you to the intimacy of a
cordial laugh! Even her smiles, which I used to lie in wait for and
often tried to provoke, were not the mere froth of a light and
careless temperament; they had a significance like speech. Though she
was so busy, and though she knew so well how to make the moments
count, she could be idle when she chose, deliciously, luxuriously
idle,--like one who will not fritter away his pence, but upon occasion
spends his guineas handsomely. At the dinner hour she always gave us
of her best. Her varied life supplied her with much material for
conversation,--nothing worth noticing ever escaped her, in the life
and conduct of people about her. She was fond of anecdote, and could
garnish the simplest story with an exquisite grace.

Upon one of her idle days,--a day when Severnius happened not to be at
home,--she took up her parasol in the hall after we had had luncheon,
and gave me a glance which said, "Come with me if you like," and we
went out and strolled through the grounds together. Her manner had not
a touch of coquetry; I might have been simply another woman, she
might have been simply another man. But I was so stupid as to essay
little gallantries, such as had been, in fact, a part of my youthful
education; she either did not observe them or ignored them, I could
not tell which. Once I put out my hand to assist her over a
ridiculously narrow streamlet, and she paid no heed to the gesture,
but reefed her skirts, or draperies, with her own unoccupied hand and
stepped lightly across. Again, when we were about to ascend an abrupt
hill, I courteously offered her my arm.

"O, no, I thank you!" she said; "I have two, which balance me very
well when I climb."

"You are a strange woman," I exclaimed with a blush.

"Am I?" she said, lifting her brows. "Well, I suppose--or rather you
suppose--that I am the product of my ancestry and my training."

"You are, in some respects," I assented; and then I added, "I have
often tried to fancy what effect our civilization would have had upon

"What effect do you think it would have had?" she asked, with quite an
unusual--I might say earthly--curiosity.

"I dare not tell you," I replied, thrilling with the felicity of a
talk so personal,--the first I had ever had with her.

"Why not?" she demanded, with a side glance at me from under her
gold-fringed shade.

"It would be taking too great a liberty."

"But if I pardon that?" There was an archness in her smile which was
altogether womanly. What a grand opportunity, I thought, for saying
some of the things I had so often wanted to say to her! but I
hesitated, turning hot and then cold.

"Really," I said, "I cannot. I should flatter you, and you would not
like that."

For the first time, I saw her face crimson to the temples.

"That would be very bad taste," she replied; "flattery being the last
resort--when it is found that there is nothing in one to compliment.
Silence is better; you have commendable tact."

"Pardon my stupid blunder!" I cried; "you cannot think I meant that!
Flattery is exaggerated, absurd, unmeaning praise, and no praise, the
highest, the best, could do you justice, could--"

She broke in with a disdainful laugh:

"A woman can always compel a pretty speech from a man, you see,--even
in Mars!"

"You did not compel it," I rejoined earnestly, "if I but dared,--if
you would allow me to tell you what I think of you, how highly I

She made a gesture which cut short my eloquence, and we walked on in

Whenever there has been a disturbance in the moral atmosphere, there
is nothing like silence to restore the equilibrium. I, watching
furtively, saw the slight cloud pass from her face, leaving the
intelligent serenity it usually wore. But still she did not speak.
However, there was nothing ominous in that, she was never troubled
with an uneasy desire to keep conversation going.

On top of the hill there were benches, and we sat down. It was one of
those still afternoons in summer when nature seems to be taking a
siesta. Overhead it was like the heart of a rose. The soft, white,
cottony clouds we often see suspended in our azure ether, floated--as
soft, as white, as fleecy--in the pink skies of Mars.

Elodia closed her parasol and laid it across her lap and leaned her
head back against the tree in whose shade we were. It was an acute
pleasure, a rapture indeed, to sit so near to her and alone with her,
out of hearing of all the world. But she was calmly unconscious, her
gaze wandering dreamily through half-shut lids over the wide
landscape, which included forests and fields and meadows, and many
windings of the river, for we had a high point of observation.

I presently broke the silence with a bold, perhaps an inexcusable

"Elodia, do you intend ever to marry?"

It was a kind of challenge, and I held myself rigid, waiting for her
answer, which did not come immediately. She turned her eyes toward me
slowly without moving her head, and our glances met and gradually
retreated, as two opposing forces might meet and retreat, neither
conquering, neither vanquished. Hers went back into space, and she
replied at last as if to space,--as if the question had come, not from
me alone, but from all the voices that urge to matrimony.

"Why should I marry?"

"Because you are a woman," I answered promptly.

"Ah!" her lip curled with a faint smile, "your reason is very general,
but why limit it at all, why not say because I am one of a pair which
should be joined together?"

The question was not cynical, but serious; I scrutinized her face
closely to make sure of that before answering.

"I know," I replied, "that here in Mars there is held to be no
difference in the nature and requirements of the sexes, but it is a
false hypothesis, there is a difference,--a vast difference! all my
knowledge of humanity, my experience and observation, prove it."

"Prove it to you, no doubt," she returned, "but not to me, because my
experience and observation have been the reverse of yours. Will you
kindly tell me," she added, "why you think I should wish to marry any
more than a man,--or what reasons can be urged upon a woman more than
upon a man?"

An overpowering sense of helplessness fell upon me,--as when one has
reached the limits of another's understanding and is unable to clear
the ground for further argument.

"O, Elodia! I cannot talk to you," I replied. "It is true, as you say,
that our conclusions are based upon diverse premises; we are so wide
apart in our views on this subject that what I would say must seem to
you the merest cant and sentiment."

"I think not; you are an honest man," she rejoined with an encouraging
smile, "and I am greatly interested in your philosophy of marriage."

I acknowledged her compliment.

"Well," I began desperately, letting the words tumble out as they
would, "it is woman's nature, as I understand it, to care a great deal
about being loved,--loved wholly and entirely by one man who is worthy
of her love, and to be united to him in the sacred bonds of marriage.
To have a husband, children; to assume the sweet obligations of
family ties, and to gather to herself the tenderest and purest
affections humanity can know, is surely, indisputably, the best, the
highest, noblest, province of woman."

"And not of man?"

"These things mean the same to men, of course," I replied, "though in
lesser degree. It is man's office--with us--to buffet with the world,
to wrest the means of livelihood, of comfort, luxury, from the
grudging hand of fortune. It is the highest grace of woman that she
accepts these things at his hands, she honors him in accepting, as he
honors her in bestowing."

I was aware that I was indulging in platitudes, but the platitudes of
Earth are novelties in Mars.

Her eyes took a long leap from mine to the vague horizon line. "It is
very strange," she said, "this distinction you make, I cannot
understand it at all. It seems to me that this love we are talking
about is simply one of the strong instincts implanted in our common
nature. It is an essential of our being. Marriage is not, it is a
social institution; and just why it is incumbent upon one sex more
than upon the other, or why it is more desirable for one sex than the
other, is inconceivable to me. If either a man, or a woman, desires
the ties you speak of, or if one has the vanity to wish to found a
respectable family, then, of course, marriage is a necessity,--made so
by our social and political laws. It is a luxury we may have if we pay
the price."

I was shocked at this cold-blooded reasoning, and cried, "O, how can a
woman say that! have you no tenderness, Elodia? no heart-need of these
ties and affections,--which I have always been taught are so precious
to woman?"

She shrugged her shoulders, and, leaning forward a little, clasped her
hands about her knees.

"Let us not make it personal," she said; "I admitted, that these
things belong to our common nature, and I do not of course except
myself. But I repeat that marriage is a convention, and--I am not

"As to that," I retorted, "all the things that pertain to
civilization, all the steps which have ever been taken in the
direction of progress, are conventions: our clothing, our houses, our
religions, arts, our good manners. And we are bound to accept every
'convention' that makes for the betterment of society, as though it
were a revelation from God."

I confess that this thought was the fruit of my brief intercourse with
the Caskians, who hold that there is a divine power continually
operating upon human consciousness,--not disclosing miracles, but
enlarging and perfecting human perceptions. I was thinking of this
when Elodia suddenly put the question to me:

"Are you married?"

"No, I am not," I replied. The inquiry was not agreeable to me; it
implied that she had been hitherto altogether too indifferent as to my
"eligibility,"--never having concerned herself to ascertain the fact

"Well, you are perhaps older than I am," she said, "and you have
doubtless had amours?"

I was as much astounded by the frankness of this inquiry as you can
be, and blushed like a girl. She withdrew her eyes from my face with a
faint smile and covered the question by another:

"You intend to marry, I suppose?"

"I do, certainly," I replied, the resolution crystallizing on the

She drew a long sigh. "Well, I do not, I am so comfortable as I am."
She patted the ground with her slipper toe. "I do not wish to impose
new conditions upon myself. I simply accept my life as it comes to me.
Why should I voluntarily burden myself with a family, and all the
possible cares and sorrows which attend the marriage state! If I cast
a prophetic eye into the future, what am I likely to see?--Let us say,
a lovely daughter dying of some frightful malady; an idolized son
squandering my wealth and going to ruin; a husband in whom I no longer
delight, but to whom I am bound by a hundred intricate ties impossible
to sever. I think I am not prepared to take the future on trust to so
great an extent! Why should the free wish for fetters? Affection and
sympathy are good things, indispensable things in fact,--but I find
them in my friends. And for this other matter: this need of love,
passion, sentiment,-which is peculiarly ephemeral in its impulses,
notwithstanding that it has such an insistent vitality in the human
heart,--may be satisfied without entailing such tremendous

I looked at her aghast; did she know what she was saying; did she mean
what her words implied?

"You wrong yourself, Elodia," said I; "those are the sentiments, the
arguments, of a selfish person, of a mean and cowardly spirit. And you
have none of those attributes; you are strong, courageous, generous--"

"You mistake me," she interrupted, "I am entirely selfish; I do not
wish to disturb my present agreeable pose. Tell me, what is it that
usually prompts people to marry?"

"Why, love, of course," I answered.

"Well, you are liable to fall in love with my maid--"

"Not after having seen her mistress!" I ejaculated.

"If she happens to possess a face or figure that draws your masculine
eye," she went on, the rising color in her cheek responding to my
audacious compliment; "though there may be nothing in common between
you, socially, intellectually, or spiritually. What would be the
result of such a marriage, based upon simple sex-love?"

I had known many such marriages, and was familiar with the results,
but I did not answer. We tacitly dropped the subject, and our two
minds wandered away as they would, on separate currents.

She was the first to break this second silence.

"I can conceive of a marriage," she said, "which would not become
burdensome, any more than our best friendships become burdensome.
Beside the attraction on the physical plane--which I believe is very
necessary--there should exist all the higher affinities. I should want
my husband to be my most delightful companion, able to keep my liking
and to command my respect and confidence as I should hope to his. But
I fear that is ideal."

"The ideal is only the highest real," I answered, "the ideal is always

"Remotely!" she said with a laugh. "The chances are many against it."

"But even if one were to fall short a little in respect to husband or
wife, I have often observed that there are compensations springing out
of the relation, in other ways," I returned.

"You mean children? O, yes, that is true, when all goes well. I will
tell you," she added, her voice dropping to the tone one instantly
recognizes as confidential, "that I am educating several children in
some of our best schools, and that I mean to provide for them with
sufficient liberality when they come of age. So, you see, I have
thrown hostages to fortune and shall probably reap a harvest of
gratitude,--in place of filial affection."

She laughed with a touch of mockery.

I suppose every one is familiar with the experience of having
things--facts, bits of knowledge,--"come" to him, as we say. Something
came to me, and froze the marrow in my bones.

"Elodia," I ventured, "you asked me a very plain question a moment
ago, will you forgive me if I ask you the same,--have you had amours?"

The expression of her face changed slightly, which might have been due
to the expression of mine.

"We have perhaps grown too frank with each other," she said, "but you
are a being from another world, and that must excuse us,--shall it?"

I bowed, unable to speak.

"One of the children I spoke of, a little girl of six, is my own
natural child."

She made this extraordinary confession with her glance fixed steadily
upon mine.

I am a man of considerable nerve, but for a moment the world was dark
to me and I had the sensation of one falling from a great height. And
then suddenly relief came to me in the thought, She is not to be
judged by the standards that measure morality in my country! When I
could command my voice again I asked:

"Does this little one know that she is your child,--does any one else

"Certainly not," she answered in a tone of surprise, and then with an
ironical smile, "I have treated you to an exceptional confidence. It
is a matter of etiquette with us to keep these things hidden."

As I made no response she added:

"Is it a new thing to you for a parent not to acknowledge illegitimate

"Even the lowest class of mothers we have on Earth do not often
abandon their offspring," I replied.

"Neither do they here," she said. "The lowest class have nothing to
gain and nothing to lose, and consequently there is no necessity that
they should sacrifice their natural affections. In this respect, the
lower classes are better off than we aristocrats."

"You beg the question," I returned; "you know what I mean! I should
not have thought that you, Elodia, could ever be moved by such
unworthy considerations--that you would ever fear the world's
opinions! you who profess manly qualities, the noblest of which is

"Am I to understand by that," she said, "that men on your planet
acknowledge their illegitimate progeny, and allow them the privileges
of honored sons and daughters?"

Pushed to this extremity, I could recall but a single instance,--but
one man whose courage and generosity, in a case of the kind under
discussion, had risen to the level of his crime. I related to her the
story of his splendid and prolonged life, with its one blot of early
sin, and its grace of practical repentance. And upon the other hand, I
told her of the one distinguished modern woman, who has had the
hardihood to face the world with her offenses in her hands, as one
might say.

"Are you not rather unjust to the woman?" she asked. "You speak of the
man's acknowledgment of his sin as something fine, and you seem to
regard hers as simply impudent."

"Because of the vast difference between the moral attitude of the
two," I rejoined. "He confessed his error and took his punishment with
humility; she slaps society in the face, and tries to make her genius
glorify her misdeeds."

"Possibly society is to blame for that, by setting her at bay. If I
have got the right idea about your society, it is as unrelenting to
the one sex as it is indulgent to the other. Doubtless it was ready
with open arms to receive back the offending, repentant man, but would
it not have set its foot upon the woman's neck if she had given it the
chance, if she had knelt in humility as he did? A tree bears fruit
after its kind; so does a code of morals. Gentleness and forgiveness
breed repentance and reformation, and harshness begets defiance." She
added with a laugh, "What a spectacle your civilization would present
if all the women who have sinned had the genius and the spirit of a

"Or all the men had the magnanimity of a Franklin," I retorted.

"True!" she said, and after a moment she continued, "I am not so great
as the one, nor have I the 'effrontery' of the other. But it is not so
much that I lack courage; it is rather, perhaps, a delicate
consideration for, and concession to, the good order of society."

I regarded her with amazement, and she smiled.

"Really, it is true," she said. "I believe in social order and I pay
respect to it--"

"By concealing your own transgressions," I interpolated.

"Well, why not? Suppose I and my cult--a very large class of eminently
respectable sinners!--should openly trample upon this time-honored
convention; the result would eventually be, no doubt, a moral anarchy.
We have a very clear sense of our responsibility to the masses. We
make the laws for their government, and we allow ourselves to seem to
be governed by them also,--so that they may believe in them. We build
churches and pay pew rent, though we do not much believe in the
religious dogmas. And we leave off wine when we entertain temperance

"But why do you do these things?" I asked; "to what end?"

"Simply for the preservation of good order and decency. You must know
that the pleasant vices of an elegant person are brutalities in the
uncultured. The masses have no tact or delicacy, they do not
comprehend shades, and refinements of morals and manners. They can
understand exoteric but not esoteric philosophy. We have really two
codes of laws."

"I think it would be far better for the masses--whom you so highly
respect!--" I said, "if you were to throw off your masks and stand out
before them just as you are. Let moral anarchy come if it must, and
the evil be consumed in its own flame; out of its ashes the ph[oe]nix
always rises again, a nobler bird."

"How picturesque!" she exclaimed; "do you know, I think your language
must be rich in imagery. I should like to learn it."

I did not like the flippancy of this speech, and made no reply.

After a brief pause she added, "There is truth in what you say, a ball
must strike hard before it can rebound. Society must be fearfully
outraged before it turns upon the offender, if he be a person of
consequence. But you cannot expect the offender to do his worst, to
dash himself to pieces, in order that a better state of morals may be
built upon his ruin. We have not yet risen to such sublimity of
devotion and self-sacrifice. I think the fault and the remedy both,
lie more with the good people,--the people who make a principle of
moral conduct. They allow us to cajole them into silence, they wink at
our misdeeds. They know what we are up to, but they conceal the
knowledge,--heaven knows why!--as carefully as we do our vices.
Contenting themselves with breaking out in general denunciations which
nobody accepts as personal rebuke."

This was such a familiar picture that for a moment I fancied myself
upon the Earth again. And I thought, what a difficult position the
good have to maintain everywhere, for having accepted the championship
of a cause whose standards are the highest and best! We expect them to
be wise, tender, strong, just, stern, merciful, charitable,
unyielding, forgiving, sinless, fearless.

"Elodia," I said presently, "you can hardly understand what a shock
this--this conversation has been to me. I started out with saying that
I had often tried to fancy what our civilization might have done for
you. I see more clearly now. You are the victim of the harshest and
cruelest assumption that has ever been upheld concerning woman,--that
her nature is no finer, holier than man's. I have reverenced womanhood
all my life as the highest and purest thing under heaven, and I will,
I must, hold fast to that faith, to that rock on which the best
traditions of our Earth are founded."

"Do your women realize what they have got to live up to?" she asked

"There are things in men which offset their virtues," I returned, in
justice to my own sex. "Where men are strong, women are gentle, where
women are faithful, men are brave, and so on."

"How charming to have the one nature dovetail into the other so
neatly!" she exclaimed. "I seem to see a vision, shall I tell it to
you,--a vision of your Earth? In the Beginning, you know that is the
way in which all our traditions start out, there was a great heap of
Qualities stacked in a pyramid upon the Earth. And the human creatures
were requested to step up and help themselves to such as suited their
tastes. There was a great scramble, and your sex, having some
advantages in the way of muscle and limb,--and not having yet acquired
the arts of courtesy and gallantry for which you are now so
distinguished,--pressed forward and took first choice. Naturally you
selected the things which were agreeable to possess in themselves, and
the exercise of which would most redound to your glory; such virtues
as chastity, temperance, patience, modesty, piety, and some minor
graces, were thrust aside and eventually forced upon the weaker
sex,--since it was necessary that all the Qualities should be used in
order to make a complete Human Nature. Is not that a pretty fable?"

She arose and shook out her draperies and spread her parasol. There
were crimson spots in her cheeks, I felt that I had angered her,--and
on the other hand, she had outraged my finest feelings. But we were
both capable of self-government.

"It must be near dinner time," she said, quietly.

I walked along by her side in silence.

As we again crossed the brooklet, she stooped and picked a long raceme
of small white, delicately odorous flowers, and together we analyzed
them, and I recognized them as belonging to our family of _convallaria
majalis_. This led to a discussion of comparative botany on the two
planets,--a safe, neutral topic. In outward appearance our mutual
attitude was unchanged. Inwardly, there had been to me something like
the moral upheaval of the universe. For the first time I had
melancholy symptoms of nostalgia, and passionately regretted that I
had ever exchanged the Earth for Mars.

Severnius had returned. After dinner he invited me out onto the
veranda to smoke a cigar,--he was very particular not to fill the
house with tobacco smoke. Elodia, he said, did not like the odor. I
wondered whether he took such pains out of consideration for her, or
whether he simply dreaded her power to retaliate with her obnoxious
vapor. The latter supposition, however, I immediately repudiated as
being unjust to him; he was the gentlest and sweetest of men.

My mind was so full of the subject Elodia and I had discussed that I
could not forbear repeating my old question to him:

"Tell me, my friend," I entreated, "do you in your inmost soul believe
that men and women have one common nature,--that women are no better
at all than men, and that men may, if they will, be as pure as--well
as women ought to be?"

Severnius smiled. "If you cannot find an answer to your first question
here in Paleveria, I think you may in any of the savage countries,
where I am quite positive the women exhibit no finer qualities than
their lords. And for a very conclusive reply to your second
question,--go to Caskia!"

"Does the same idea of equality, or likeness rather, exist in Caskia
that prevails here?" I asked.

"O, yes," said he, "but their plane of life is so much higher. I
cannot but believe in the equality" he added, "bad as things are with
us. We hope that we are progressing onward and upward; all our
teaching and preaching tend toward that, as you may find in our
churches and schools, and in our literature. I am so much of an
optimist as to believe that we are getting better and better all the
time. One evidence is that there is less of shamelessness than there
used to be with respect to some of the grossest offences against
decency. People do not now glory in their vices, they hide them."

"Then you approve of concealment!" I exclaimed.

"It is better than open effrontery, it shows that the moral power in
society is the stronger; that it is making the way of the transgressor
hard, driving him into dark corners."

I contrasted this in my mind with Elodia's theory on the same subject.
The two differed, but there was a certain harmony after all.

Severnius added, apropos of what had gone before, "It does not seem
fair to me that one half of humanity should hang upon the skirts of
the other half; it is better that we should go hand in hand, even
though our progress is slow."

"But that cannot be," I returned; "there are always some that must
bear the burden while others drag behind."

"O, certainly; that is quite natural and right," he assented. "The
strong should help the weak. What I mean is that we should not throw
the burden upon any particular class, or allow to any particular class
special indulgences. That--pardon me!--is the fault I find with your
civilization; you make your women the chancellors of virtue, and claim
for your sex the privilege of being virtuous or not, as you choose."
He smiled as he added, "Do you know, your loyalty and tender devotion
to individual women, and your antagonistic attitude toward women in
general--on the moral plane--presents the most singular contrast to my

"No doubt," I said; "it is a standing joke with us. We are better in
the sample than in the whole piece. As individuals, we are woman's
devoted slaves, and lovers, and worshipers; as a political body, we
are her masters, from whom she wins grudging concessions; as a social
factor, we refuse her dictation."

I was not in a mood to discuss the matter further. I was sick at heart
and angry,--not so much with Elodia as with the conditions that had
made her what she was, a woman perfect in every other respect, but
devoid of the one supreme thing,--the sense of virtue. She was now to
me simply a splendid ruin, a temple without holiness. I went up to my
room and spent the night plunged in the deepest sadness I had ever
known. When one is suffering an insupportable agony, he catches at the
flimsiest delusions for momentary relief. He says to himself, "My
friend is not dead!" "My beloved is not false!" So I tried to cheat
myself. I argued, "Why, this is only a matter of education with me,
surely; how many women, with finer instincts than mine, have loved and
married men of exactly the same stamp as Elodia!" But I put away the
thought with a shudder, feeling that it would be a far more dreadful
thing to relax my principles and to renounce my faith in woman's
purity than to sacrifice my love. The tempter came in another form.
Suppose she should repent? But my soul revolted. No, no; Jesus might
pardon a Magdalene, but I could not. Elodia was dead; Elodia had never
been! That night I buried her; I said I would never look upon her face
again. But the morning brought resurrection. How hard a thing it is to
destroy love!

Chapter 9.


    "The old order changeth, giving place to the new,
    And God fulfils himself in many ways."

My conversation with Elodia had the effect of crystallizing my
nebulous plans about visiting the Caskians into a sudden resolve. I
could not remain longer in her presence without pain to myself; and,
to tell the truth, I dreaded lest her astounding lack of the
moral sense--which should be the foundation stone of woman's
character--would eventually dull my own. Men are notoriously weak
where women are concerned--the women they worship.

As soon as I had communicated with the Caskians and learned that they
were still anticipating my coming, with--they were so kind as to say
it--the greatest pleasure, I prepared to set forth.

In the meantime, an event occurred which further illustrated the
social conditions in Paleveria. Claris, the wife of Massilla, died
very suddenly, and I was astonished at the tremendous sensation the
circumstance occasioned throughout the city. It seemed to me that the
only respect it was possible to pay to the memory of such a woman must
be that which is expressed in absolute silence,--even charity could
not be expected to do more than keep silent. But I was mistaken,
Claris had been a woman of distinction, in many ways; she was
beautiful, rich, and talented, and she had wielded an influence in
public and social affairs. Immediately, the various periodicals in
Thursia, and in neighboring cities, flaunted lengthy eulogistic
obituaries headed with more or less well executed portraits of the
deceased. It seemed as if the authors of these effusions must have run
through dictionaries of complimentary terms, which they culled
lavishly and inserted among the acts and facts of her life with a kind
of journalistic sleight-of-hand. And private comment took its cue from
these authorities. It was said that she was a woman of noble traits,
and pretty anecdotes were told of her, illustrating her generous
impulses, her wit, her positiveness. She had had great personal
magnetism, many had loved her, many had also feared her, for her
tongue could cut like a sword. It was stated that her children had
worshiped her, and that her death had prostrated her husband with
grief. Of the chief blackness of her character none spoke.

Severnius invited me to attend the funeral obsequies which took place
in the Auroras' Temple, where the embalmed body lay in state; with
incense burning and innumerable candles casting their pallid light
upon the bier. I observed as we drove through the streets that the
closed doors of all the business houses exhibited the emblems of
respect and sorrow.

The Auroras were assembled in great numbers, having come from distant
parts of the country to do honor to the dead. They were in full
regalia, with mourning badges, and carried inverted torches. The
religious ceremonies and mystic rites of the Order were elaborate and
impressive. The dirge which followed, and during which the members of
the Order formed in procession and began a slow march, was so
unutterably and profoundly sad that I could not keep back the tears. A
little sobbing voice directly in front of me wailed out "Mamma!
Mamma!" A woman stooped down and whispered, "Do you want to go up and
kiss Mamma 'good-by' before they take her away?" But the child shrank
back, afraid of the pomp and ghostly magnificence surrounding the dead

Elodia was of course the chief figure in the procession, and she bore
herself with a grave and solemn dignity in keeping with the
ceremonies. The sight of her beautiful face, with its subdued but
lofty expression, was more than I could bear. I leaned forward and
dropped my face in my hands, and let the sorrow-laden requiem rack my
soul with its sweet torture as it would.

That was my last day in Thursia.

I had at first thought of taking my aeroplane along with me,
reflecting that I might better begin my homeward flight from some
mountain top in Caskia; but Severnius would not hear of that.

"No indeed!" said he, "you must return to us again. I wish to get
ready a budget for you to carry back to your astronomers, which I
think will be of value to them, as I shall make a complete map of the
heavens as they appear to us. Then we shall be eager to hear about
your visit. And besides, we want to see you again on the ground of
friendship, the strongest reason of all!"

"You are too kind!" I responded with much feeling. I knew that he was
as sincere as he was polite. This was at the last moment, and Elodia
was present to bid me "good-by." She seconded her brother's
invitation,--"O, yes, of course you must come back!" and turned the
whole power of her beautiful face upon me, and for the first time gave
me her hand. I had coveted it a hundred times as it lay lissome and
white in her lap. I clasped it, palm to palm. It was as smooth as
satin, and not moist,--I dislike a moist hand. I felt that up to that
moment I had always undervalued the sense of touch,--it was the
finest of all the senses! No music, no work of art, no wondrous scene,
had ever so thrilled me and set my nerves a-quiver, as did the
delicate, firm pressure of those magic fingers. The remembrance of it
made my blood tingle as I went on my long journey from Thursia to

It was a long journey in miles, though not in time, we traveled like
the wind.

Both Clytia and Calypso were at the station to meet me, with their two
children, Freya and Eurydice. I learned that nearly all Caskians are
named after the planetoids or other heavenly bodies,--a very
appropriate thing, since they live so near the stars!

My heart went out to the children the moment my eyes fell upon their

They were as beautiful as Raphael's cherubs, you could not look upon
them without thrills of delight. They were two perfect buds of the
highest development humanity has ever attained to,--so far as we know.
I felt that it was a wonderful thing to know that in these lovely
forms there lurked no germs of evil, over their sweet heads there
hung no Adam's curse! They were seated in a pretty pony carriage, with
a white canopy top lined with blue silk. Freya held the lines. It
appeared that Eurydice had driven down and he was to drive back. The
father and mother were on foot. They explained that it was difficult
to drive anything but the little carriage up the steep path to their
home on the hillside, half a mile distant.

"Who would wish for any other means of locomotion than nature has
given him, in a country where the buoyant air makes walking a luxury!"
I cried, stretching my legs and filling my lungs, with an unwonted
sense of freedom and power.

I had become accustomed to the atmosphere of Paleveria, but here I had
the same sensations I had experienced when I first landed there.

"If you would rather, you may take my place, sir?" said the not much
more than knee-high Freya, ready to relinquish the lines. I felt
disposed to laugh, but not so the wise parents.

"The little ponies could not draw our friend up the hill, he is too
heavy," explained Clytia.

"Thank you, my little man, all the same!" I added.

It was midsummer in Paleveria, but here I observed everything had the
newness and delightful freshness of spring. A busy, bustling, joyous,
tuneful spring. The grass was green and succulent; the sap was in the
trees and their bark was sleek and glossy, their leaves just unrolled.
Of the wild fruit trees, every branch and twig was loaded with eager
buds crowding upon each other as the heads of children crowd at a
cottage window when one goes by. Every thicket was full of bird life
and music. I heard the roar of a waterfall in the distance, and
Calypso told me that a mighty river, the Eudosa, gathered from a
hundred mountain streams, was compressed into a deep gorge or canyon
and fell in a succession of cataracts just below the city, and finally
spread out into a lovely lake, which was a wonder in its way, being
many fathoms deep and as transparent as the atmosphere.

We paused to listen,--the children also.

"How loud it is to-day, Mamma," exclaimed Freya. His mother assented
and turned to me with a smile. "The falls of Eudosa constitute a large
part of our life up here," she said; "we note all its moods, which are
many. Sometimes it is drowsy, and purrs and murmurs; again it is
merry, and sings; or it is sublime, and rises to a thunderous roar.
Always it is sound. Do you know, my ears ached with the silence when I
was down in Paleveria!"

I have said Clytia's eyes were black; it was not an opaque blackness,
you could look through them down into her soul. I likened them in my
mind to the waters of the Eudosa which Calypso had just described.

Every moment something new attracted our attention and the brief
journey was full of incident; the children were especially alive to
the small happenings about us, and I never before took such an
interest in what I should have called insignificant things. Sometimes
the conversation between my two friends and myself rose above the
understanding of the little ones, but they were never ignored,--nor
were they obtrusive; they seemed to know just where to fit their
little questions and remarks into the talk. It was quite wonderful. I
understood, of course, that the children had been brought down to meet
me in order that I might make their acquaintance immediately and
establish my relations with them, since I was to be for some time a
member of the household. They had their small interests apart from
their elders--carefully guarded by their elders--as children should
have; but whenever they were permitted to be with us, they were of us.
They were never allowed to feel that loneliness in a crowd which is
the most desolate loneliness in the world. Clytia especially had the
art of enveloping them in her sympathy, though her intellectual
faculties were employed elsewhere. And how they loved her! I have seen
nothing like it upon the Earth.

Perhaps I adapt myself with unusual readiness to new environments, and
assimilate more easily with new persons than most people do. I had, as
you know, left Paleveria with deep reluctance, under compulsion of my
will--moved by my better judgment; and throughout my journey I had
deliberately steeped myself in sweet and bitter memories of my life
there, to the exclusion of much that might have been interesting and
instructive to me on the way,--a foolish and childish thing to have
done. And now, suddenly, Paleveria dropped from me like a garment.
Some moral power in these new friends, and perhaps in this city of
Lunismar,--a power I could feel but could not define,--raised me to a
different, unmistakably a higher, plane. I felt the change as one
feels the change from underground to the upper air.

We first walked a little way through the city, which quite filled the
valley and crept up onto the hillsides, here and there.

Each building stood alone, with a little space of ground around it,
upon which grass and flowers and shrubbery grew, and often trees. Each
such space bore evidence that it was as tenderly and scrupulously
tended as a Japanese garden.

It was the cleanest city I ever saw; there was not an unsightly place,
not a single darksome alley or lurking place for vice, no huddling
together of miserable tenements. I remarked upon this and Calypso

"Our towns used to be compact, but since electricity has annihilated
distance we have spread ourselves out. We have plenty of ground for
our population, enough to give a generous slice all round. Lunismar
really extends through three valleys."

Crystal streams trickled down from the mountains and were utilized for
practical and æsthetic purposes. Small parks, exquisitely pretty, were
very numerous, and in them the sparkling water was made to play
curious pranks. Each of these spots was an ideal resting place, and I
saw many elderly people enjoying them,--people whom I took to be from
sixty to seventy years of age, but who, I was astonished to learn,
were all upwards of a hundred. Perfect health and longevity are among
the rewards of right living practiced from generation to generation.
The forms of these old people were erect and their faces were
beautiful in intelligence and sweetness of expression.

I remarked, apropos of the general beauty and elegance of the
buildings we passed:

"This must be the fine quarter of Lunismar."

"No, not especially," returned Calypso, "it is about the same all

"Is it possible! then you must all be rich?" said I.

"We have no very poor," he replied, "though of course some have larger
possessions than others. We have tried, several times in the history
of our race, to equalize the wealth of the country, but the experiment
has always failed, human nature varies so much."

"What, even here?" I asked.

"What do you mean?" said he.

"Why, I understand that you Caskians have attained to a most perfect
state of development and culture, and--" I hesitated and he smiled.

"And you think the process eliminates individual traits?" he inquired.

Clytia laughingly added:

"I hope, sir, you did not expect to find us all exactly alike, that
would be too tame!"

"You compliment me most highly," said Calypso, seriously, "but we must
not permit you to suppose that we regard our 'development' as anywhere
near perfect, In fact, the farther we advance, the greater, and the
grander, appears the excellence to which we have not yet attained.
Though it would be false modesty--and a disrespect to our
ancestors--not to admit that we are conscious of having made some
progress, as a race. We know what our beginnings were, and what we now

After a moment he went on:

"I suppose the principle of differentiation, as we observe it in plant
and animal life, is the same in all life, not only physical, but
intellectual, moral, spiritual. Cultivation, though it softens salient
traits and peculiarities, may develop infinite variety in every kind
and species."

I understood this better later on, after I had met a greater number of
people, and after my perceptions had become more delicate and
acute,--or when a kind of initiatory experience had taught me how to
see and to value excellence.

A few years ago a border of nasturtiums exhibited no more than a
single color tone, the pumpkin yellow; and a bed of pansies resembled
a patch of purple heather. Observe now the chromatic variety and
beauty produced by intelligent horticulture! A group of commonplace
people--moderately disciplined by culture--might be compared to the
pansies and nasturtiums of our early recollection, and a group of
these highly refined Caskians to the delicious flowers abloom in
modern gardens.

We crave variety in people, as we crave condiments in food. For me,
this craving was never so satisfied--and at the same time so
thoroughly stimulated--as in Caskian society, which had a spiciness of
flavor impossible to describe.

Formality was disarmed by perfect breeding, there was nothing that you
could call "manner." The delicate faculty of intuition produced
harmony. I never knew a single instance in which the social atmosphere
was disagreeably jarred,--a common enough occurrence where we depend
upon the machinery of social order rather than upon the vital
principle of good conduct.

I inquired of Calypso, as we walked along, the sources of the people's
wealth. He replied that the mountains were full of it. There were
minerals and precious stones, and metals in great abundance; and all
the ores were manufactured in the vicinity of the mines before being
shipped to the lower countries and exchanged for vegetable products.

This prompted me to ask the familiar question:

"And how do you manage the labor problem?" He did not understand me
until after I had explained about our difficulties in that line. And
then he informed me that most of the people who worked in mines and
factories had vested interests in them.

"Physical labor, however," he added, "is reduced to the minimum;
machinery has taken the place of muscle."

"And thrown an army of workers out of employment and the means of
living, I suppose?" I rejoined, taking it for granted that the small
share-holders had been squeezed out, as well as the small operators.

"O, no, indeed," he returned, in surprise. "It has simply given them
more leisure. Everybody now enjoys the luxury of spare time, and may
devote his energies to the service of other than merely physical
needs." He smiled as he went on, "This labor problem the Creator gave
us was a knotty one, wasn't it? But what a tremendous satisfaction
there is in the thought--and in the fact--that we have solved it."

I was in the dark now, and waited for him to go on.

"To labor incessantly, to strain the muscles, fret the mind, and weary
the soul, and to shorten the life, all for the sake of supplying the
wants of the body, and nothing more, is, I think, an inconceivable
hardship. And to have invoked the forces of the insensate elements and
laid our burdens upon them, is a glorious triumph."

"Yes, if all men are profited by it," I returned doubtfully.

"They are, of course," said he, "at least with us. I was shocked to
find it quite different in Paleveria. There, it seemed to me,
machinery--which has been such a boon to the laborers here--has been
utilized simply and solely to increase the wealth of the rich. I saw a
good many people who looked as though they were on the brink of

"I don't see how you manage it otherwise," I confessed.

"It belongs to the history of past generations," he replied. "Perhaps
the hardest struggle our progenitors had was to conquer the lusts of
the flesh,--of which the greed of wealth is doubtless the greatest.
They began to realize, generations ago, that Mars was rich enough to
maintain all his children in comfort and even luxury,--that none need
hunger, or thirst, or go naked or houseless, and that more than this
was vanity and vain-glory. And just as they, with intense assiduity,
sought out and cultivated nature's resources--for the reduction of
labor and the increase of wealth--so they sought out and cultivated
within themselves corresponding resources, those fit to meet the new
era of material prosperity; namely, generosity and brotherly love."

"Then you really and truly practice what you preach!" said I, with
scant politeness, and I hastened to add, "Severnius told me that you
recognize the trinity in human nature. Well, we do, too, upon the
Earth, but the Three have hardly an equal chance! We preach the
doctrine considerably more than we practice it."

"I understand that you are a highly intellectual people," remarked
Calypso, courteously.

"Yes, I suppose we are," said I; "our achievements in that line are
nothing to be ashamed of. And," I added, remembering some felicitous
sensations of my own, "there is no greater delight than the travail of
intellect which brings forth great ideas."

"Pardon me!" he returned, "the travail of soul which brings forth a
great love--a love willing to share equally with others the fruits of
intellectual triumph--is, to my mind, infinitely greater."

We had reached the terrace, or little plateau, on which my friends'
house stood; it was like a strip of green velvet for color and

The house was built of rough gray stone which showed silver glintings
in the sun. Here and there, delicate vines clung to the walls. There
was a carriage porch--into which the children drove--and windows
jutting out into the light, and many verandas and little balconies,
that seemed to give the place a friendly and hospitable air. Above
there was a spacious observatory, in which was mounted a very fine
telescope that must have cost a fortune,--though my friends were not
enormously rich, as I had learned from Severnius. But these people do
not regard the expenditure of even very large sums of money for the
means of the best instruction and the best pleasures as extravagance,
if no one suffers in consequence. I cannot go into their economic
system very extensively here, but I may say that it provides primarily
that all shall share bountifully in the general good; and after that,
individuals may gratify their respective tastes--or rather, satisfy
their higher needs; for their tastes are never fanciful, but always
real--as they can afford.

I do not mean that this is a written law, a formal edict, to be evaded
by such cunning devices as we know in our land, or at best loosely
construed; nor is it a mere sentiment preached from pulpits and
glorified in literature,--a beautiful but impracticable conception! It
is purely a moral law, and being such it is a vital principle in each
individual consciousness.

The telescope was Calypso's dearest possession, but I never doubted
his willingness to give it up, if there should come a time when the
keeping of it would be the slightest infringement of this law. I may
add that in all the time I spent in Caskia, I never saw a man, woman,
or child, but whose delight in any possession would have been marred
by the knowledge that his, or her, gratification meant another's
bitter deprivation. The question between Thou and I was always settled
in favor of Thou. And no barriers of race, nationality, birth, or
position, affected this universal principle.

I made a discovery in relation to the Caskians which would have
surprised and disappointed me under most circumstances; they had no
imagination, and they were not given to emotional excitation. Their
minds touched nothing but what was real. But mark this: Their real was
our highest ideal. The moral world was to them a real world; the
spiritual world was to them a real world. They had no need of imagery.
And they were never carried away by floods of feeling, for they were
always up to their highest level,--I mean in the matter of kindness
and sympathy and love. Moreover, their intellectual perceptions were
so clear, and the mysteries of nature were unrolled before their
understanding in such orderly sequence, that although their increase
of knowledge was a continuous source of delight, it never came in
shocks of surprise or excited childish wonderment. I cannot hope to
give you more than a faint conception of the dignity and majesty of a
people whose triple nature was so highly and so harmoniously
developed. One principle governed the three: Truth. They were true to
every law under which they had been created and by which they were
sustained. They were taught from infancy--but of this further on. I
wish to reintroduce Ariadne to you and let her explain some of the
wonders of their teaching, she being herself a teacher.

The observatory was a much used apartment, by both the family and by
guests. It was a library also, and it contained musical instruments. A
balcony encircled it on the outside, and here we often sat of
evenings, especially if the sky was clear and the stars and moon were
shining. The heavens as seen at night were as familiar to Clytia and
Calypso, and even to the children, as a friend's face.

It was pleasant to sit out upon the balcony even on moonless nights
and when the stars were hidden, and look down upon the city all
brilliantly alight, and listen to the unceasing music of the Falls of
Eudosa. I, too, soon learned his many "moods."

Back of the house there rose a long succession of hills, ending
finally in snow-capped mountains, the highest of which was called the
Spear, so sharply did it thrust its head up through the clouds into
the heavens.

The lower hills had been converted into vineyards. A couple of men
were fixing the trellises, and Calypso excused himself to his wife and
me and went over to them. A neatly dressed maid came out of the house
and greeted the children, who had much important news to relate
concerning their drive; and a last year's bird-nest to show her, which
they took pains to explain was quite useless to the birds, who were
all making nice new nests. The sight of the maid,--evidently an
intelligent and well-bred girl,--whose face beamed affectionately upon
the little ones, prompted a question from me:

"How do you manage about your servants, I mean house servants," I
asked; "do you have people here who are willing to do menial work?"

Clytia looked up at me with an odd expression. Her answer, coming from
any one less sincere, would have sounded like cant.

"We do not regard any work as mean."

"But some kinds of work are distasteful, to say the least," I

"Not if you love those for whom you labor," she returned. "A mother
does not consider any sort of service to her child degrading."

"O, I know that," said I; "that is simply natural affection."

"But natural affection, you know, is only the germ of love. It is
narrow,--only a little broader than selfishness."

"Well, tell me how it applies in this question of service?" I asked.
"I am not able to comprehend it in the abstract."

"We do not require people to do anything for us which we would not do
for ourselves, or for them," she said. "And then, we all work. We
believe in work; it means strength to the body and relief to the mind.
No one permits himself to be served by another for the unworthy
reason, openly or tacitly confessed, that he is either too proud, or
too indolent, to serve himself."

"Then why have servants at all?" I asked.

"My husband explained to you," she returned, "that our people are not
all equally rich; and they are not all adapted to what you would call,
perhaps, the higher grades of service. You see the little maid yonder
with the children; she has the gifts of a teacher,--our teachers are
very carefully chosen, and as carefully instructed. She has been
placed with me for our mutual benefit,--I could not intrust my little
ones to the care of a mere paid nurse who thought only of her wages.
Nor could she work simply for wages. The money consideration is the
smallest item in the arrangement. My husband superintends some steel
works in which he has some shares. The man he is talking with now--who
is attending to the grape vines--has also a large interest in the
steel works, but he has no taste or faculty for engaging in that kind
of business. He might spend his whole life in idleness if he chose, or
in mental pursuits, for he is a very scholarly man, but he loves the
kind of work he is doing now, and our vineyard is his especial pride.
Moreover," a beautiful smile touched her face as she looked up at the
two men on the hillside, "Fides loves my Calypso, they are soul

When I became more familiar with the household, I found that the same
relations existed all round; mutual pleasure, mutual sympathy, mutual
helpfulness. First there seemed to be on the part of each employe a
distinct preference and liking for the kind of work he or she had
undertaken to do; second, a fitness and careful preparation for the
work; and last, the love of doing for those who gave appreciation,
love, and another sort of service or assistance in return. I heard one
of them say one day:

"I ask nothing better than to be permitted to cook the meals for these
dear people!"

This was a woman who wrote monthly articles on chemistry and botany
for one of the leading scientific journals. She was a middle-aged
woman and unmarried, who did not wish to live alone, who abhorred
"boarding," and who had found just such a comfortable nest in Clytia's
home as suited all her needs and desires. Of course she did not slave
in the kitchen all day long, and her position did not debar her from
the best and most intelligent society, nor cut her off from the
pleasure and privileges that sweeten life. She brought her scientific
knowledge to the preparation of the food she set before us, and took
as much pride in the results of her skill as an inventor takes in his
appliances. And such wholesome, delicious, well-cooked dishes I have
never eaten elsewhere. Clytia believed in intelligently prepared food,
as she believed in intelligent instruction for her children; she would
have thought it a crime to set an ignorant person over her kitchen.
And this woman of whom I am speaking knew that she held a place of
honor and trust, and she filled it not only with dignity but
lovingness. She had some younger women to assist her, whom she was
instructing in the science and the art of cooking, and who would
by-and-by take responsible positions themselves. These women, or
girls, assisted also in the housekeeping, which was the most perfect
system in point of cleanliness, order and beauty that it is possible
to conceive of in a home; because skill, honesty and conscientiousness
enter into every detail of the life of these people. The body is held
in honor, and its needs are respected. Life is sacred, and physical
sins,--neglect or infringement of the laws of health,--are classed in
the same category with moral transgressions. In fact, the same
principles and the same mathematical rules apply in the Three Natures
of Man,--refined of course to correspond with the ascending scale from
the lowest to the highest, from the physical to the spiritual. But so
closely are the Three allied that there are no dividing lines,--there
is no point where the Mind may say, "Here my responsibility ends," or
where the Body may affirm, "I have only myself to please." Day by day
these truths became clear to me. There was nothing particularly new in
anything that I heard,--indeed it was all singularly familiar, in
sound. But the wonder was, that the things we idealize, and theorize
about, they accept literally, and absorb into their lives. They have
made living facts of our profoundest philosophy and our sublimest
poetry. Are we then too philosophical, too poetical,--and not
practical? A good many centuries have rolled up their records and
dropped them into eternity since we were given the simple, wonderful
lesson, "Whatsoever a man sows that shall he also reap,"--and we have
not learned it yet! St. Paul's voice rings through the Earth from age
to age, "Work out your own salvation," and we do not comprehend. These
people have never had a Christ--in flesh and blood--but they have put
into effect every precept of our Great Teacher. They have received the
message, from whence I know not,--or rather by what means I know
not,--"A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another."

Chapter 10.


                                        "I spoke as I saw.
    I report, as a man may report God's work--all's Love,
      yet all's Law."
                    -- BROWNING.

I have spoken of Ariadne, and promised to re-introduce her to you. You
will remember her as the graceful girl who accompanied Clytia and her
husband to Thursia. She had not made quite so strong an impression
upon me as had the elder woman, perhaps because I was so preoccupied
with, and interested in watching the latter's meeting with Elodia.
Certainly there was nothing in the young woman herself, as I speedily
ascertained, to justify disparagement even with Clytia. I was
surprised to find that she was a member of our charming household.

She was an heiress; but she taught in one of the city schools, side by
side with men and women who earned their living by teaching. I rather
deprecated this fact in conversation with Clytia one day; I said that
it was hardly fair for a rich woman to come in and usurp a place which
rightfully belonged to some one who needed the work as a means of
support,--alas! that _I_ should have presumed to censure anything in
that wonderful country. With knowledge came modesty.

Clytia's cheeks crimsoned with indignation. "Our teachers are not
beneficiaries," she replied; "nor do we regard the positions in our
schools--the teachers' positions--as charities to be dispensed to the
needy. The profession is the highest and most honorable in our land,
and only those who are fitted by nature and preparation presume to
aspire to the office. There is no bar against those who are so
fitted,--the richest and the most distinguished stand no better, and
no poorer, chance than the poorest and most insignificant. We must
have the best material, wherever it can be found."

We had but just entered the house, Clytia and I, when Ariadne glided
down the stairs into the room where we sat, and approached me with the
charming frankness and unaffectedness of manner which so agreeably
characterizes the manners of all these people. She was rather tall,
and slight; though her form did not suggest frailty. She resembled
some elegant flower whose nature it is to be delicate and slender. She
seemed even to sway a little, and undulate, like a lily on its stem.

I regarded her with attention, not unmixed with curiosity,--as a man
is prone to regard a young lady into whose acquaintance he has not yet
made inroads.

My chief impression about her was that she had remarkable eyes. They
were of an indistinguishable, dark color, large horizontally but not
too wide open,--eyes that drew yours continually, without your being
able to tell whether it was to settle the question of color, or to
find out the secret of their fascination, or whether it was simply
that they appealed to your artistic sense--as being something finer
than you had ever seen before. They were heavily fringed at top and
bottom, and so were in shadow except when she raised them toward the
light. Her complexion was pale, her hair light and fluffy; her brows
and lashes were several shades darker than the hair. Her hands were
lovely. Her dress was of course white, or cream, of some soft,
clinging material; and she wore a bunch of blue flowers in her belt,
slightly wilted.

There is this difference in women: some produce an effect simply, and
others make a clear-cut, cameo-like impression upon the mind. Ariadne
was of the latter sort. Whatever she appropriated, though but a tiny
blossom, seemed immediately to proclaim its ownership and to swear its
allegiance to her. From the moment I first saw her there, the blue
flowers in her belt gave her, in my mind, the supreme title to all of
their kind. I could never bear to see another woman wear the same
variety,--and I liked them best when they were a little wilted! Her
belongings suggested herself so vividly that if one came unexpectedly
upon a fan, a book, a garment of hers, he was affected as by a

I soon understood why it was that my eyes sought her face so
persistently, drawn by a power infinitely greater than the mere power
of beauty; it was due to the law of moral gravitation,--that by which
men are attracted to a leader, through intuitive perception of a
quality in him round which their own energies may nucleate. We all
recognize the need of a centre, of a rallying-point,--save perhaps the
few eccentrics, detached particles who have lost their place in the
general order, makers of chaos and disturbers of peace.

It is this power which constitutes one of the chief qualifications of
a teacher in Lunismar; because it rests upon a fact universally
believed in,--spiritual royalty; an august force which cannot be
ignored, and is never ridiculed--as Galileo was ridiculed, and
punished, for his wisdom; because there ignorance and prejudice do not
exist, and the superstition which planted the martyr's stake has never
been known.

Ariadne said that she had been up in the observatory, and that there
were indications of an approaching storm.

"I hope it may be a fine one!" exclaimed Clytia.

I thought this rather an extraordinary remark--coming from one of the
sex whose formula is more likely to be, "I hope it will not be a
severe one."

At that moment a man appeared in the doorway, the majesty of whose
presence I certainly felt before my eyes fell upon him. Or it might
have been the reflection I saw in the countenances of my two
companions,--I stood with my back to the door, facing them,--which
gave me the curious, awe-touched sensation.

I turned round, and Clytia immediately started forward. Ariadne
exclaimed in an undertone, with an accent of peculiar sweetness,--a
commingling of delight, and reverence, and caressing tenderness:

"Ah! the Master!"

Clytia took him by the hand and brought him to me, where I stood
rooted to my place.

"Father, this is our friend," she said simply, without further
ceremony of introduction. It was enough. He had come on purpose to see
me, and therefore he knew who I was. As for him--one does not explain
a king! The title by which Ariadne had called him did not at the
moment raise an inquiry in my mind. I accepted it as the natural
definition of the man. He was a man of kingly proportions, with eyes
from which Clytia's had borrowed their limpid blackness. His glance
had a wide compresiveness, and a swift, sure, loving insight.

He struck me as a man used to moving among multitudes, with his head
above all, but his heart embracing all.

You may think it strange, but I was not abashed. Perfect love casteth
out fear; and there was in this divine countenance--I may well call it
divine!--the lambent light of a love so kindly and so tender, that
fear, pride, vanity, egotism, even false modesty--our pet
hypocrisy--surrendered without a protest.

I think I talked more than any one else, being delicately prompted to
furnish some account of the world to which I belong, and stimulated
by the profound interest with which the Master attended to every word
that I said. But I received an equal amount of information
myself,--usually in response to the questions with which I rounded up
my periods, like this: We do so, and so, upon the Earth; how is it
here? The replies threw an extraordinary light upon the social order
and conditions there.

I naturally dwelt upon the salient characteristics of our people,--I
mean, of course, the American people. I spoke of our enormous grasp of
the commercial principle; of our manipulation of political and even
social forces to great financial ends; of our easy acquisition of
fortunes; of our tremendous push and energy, directed to the
accumulation of wealth. And of our enthusiasms, and institutions; our
religions and their antagonisms, and of the many other things in which
we take pride.

And I learned that in Caskia there is no such thing as speculative
enterprise. All business has an actual basis most discouraging to the
adventurous spirit in search of sudden riches. There is no monetary
skill worthy the dignified appellation of financial management,--and
no use for that particular development of the talent of ingenuity.

All the systems involving the use of money conduct their affairs upon
the simplest arithmetical rules in their simplest form; addition,
subtraction, multiplication, division. There are banks, of course, for
the mutual convenience of all, but there are no magnificent delusions
called "stocks;" no boards of trade, no bulls and bears, no "corners,"
no mobilizing of capital for any questionable purposes; no gambling
houses; no pitfalls for unwary feet; and no mad fever of greed and
scheming coursing through the veins of men and driving them to
insanity and self-destruction. More than all, there are no fictitious
values put upon fads and fancies of the hour,--nor even upon works of
art. The Caskians are not easily deceived. An impostor is impossible.
Because the people are instructed in the quality of things
intellectual, and moral, and spiritual, as well as in things physical.
They are as sure of the knowableness of art, as they are--and as we
are--of the knowableness of science. Art is but refined science, and
the principles are the same in both, but more delicately, and also
more comprehensively, interpreted in the former than in the latter.

One thing more: there are no would-be impostors. The law operates no
visible machinery against such crimes, should there be any. The Master
explained it to me in this way:

"The Law is established in each individual conscience, and rests
securely upon self-respect."

"Great heavens!" I cried, as the wonder of it broke upon my
understanding, "and how many millions of years has it taken your race
to attain to this perfection?"

"It is not perfection," he replied, "it only approximates perfection;
we are yet in the beginning."

"Well, by the grace of God, you are on the right way!" said I. "I am
familiar enough with the doctrines you live by, to know that it is the
right way; they are the same that we have been taught, theoretically,
for centuries, but, to tell the truth, I never believed they could be
carried out literally, as you appear to carry them out. We are
tolerably honest, as the word goes, but when honesty shades off into
these hair-splitting theories, why--we leave it to the preachers,

"Then you really have some among you who believe in the higher
truths?" the Master said, and his brows went up a little in token of
relief.--My picture of Earth-life must have seemed a terrible one to

"O, yes, indeed," said I, taking my cue from this. And I proceeded to
give some character sketches of the grand men and women of Earth whose
lives have been one long, heroic struggle for truth, and to whom a
terrible death has often been the crowning triumph of their faith. I
related to him briefly the history of America from its discovery four
hundred years ago; and told him about the splendid material
prosperity,--the enormous wealth, the extraordinary inventions, the
great population, the unprecedented free-school system, and the
progress in general education and culture,--of a country which had its
birth but yesterday in a deadly struggle for freedom of conscience;
and of our later, crueller war for freedom that was not for ourselves
but for a despised race. I described the prodigious waves of public
and private generosity that have swept millions of money into burned
cities for their rebuilding, and tons of food into famine-stricken
lands for the starving.

I told him of the coming together in fellowship of purpose, of the
great masses, to face a common danger, or to meet a common necessity;
and of the moral and intellectual giants who in outward appearance and
in the seeming of their daily lives are not unlike their fellows, but
to whom all eyes turn for help and strength in the hour of peril. But
I did not at that time undertake any explanation of our religious
creeds, for it somehow seemed to me that these would not count for
much with a people who expressed their theology solely by putting into
practice the things they believed. I had the thought in mind though,
and determined to exploit it later on. As I have said before, the
Master listened with rapt attention, and when I had finished, he

"I am filled with amazement! a country yet so young, so far advanced
toward Truth!"

He gave himself up to contemplation of the picture I had drawn, and in
the depths of his eyes I seemed to see an inspired prophecy of my
country's future grandeur.

Presently he rose and went to a window, and, with uplifted face,
murmured in accents of the sublimest reverence that have ever touched
my understanding, "O, God, All-Powerful!"

And a wonderful thing happened: the invocation was responded to by a
voice that came to each of our souls as in a flame of fire, "Here am
I." The velocity of worlds is not so swift as was our transition from
the human to the divine.

But it was not an unusual thing, this supreme triumph of the spirit;
it is what these people call "divine worship,"--a service which is
never perfunctory, which is not ruled by time or place. One may
worship alone, or two or three, or a multitude, it matters not to God,
who only asks to be worshiped in spirit and in truth,--be the time
Sabbath or mid-week, the place temple, or field, or closet.

A little later I remarked to the Master,--wishing to have a point
cleared up,--

"You say there are no fictitious values put upon works of art; how do
you mean?"

He replied, "Inasmuch as truth is always greater than human
achievement--which at best may only approximate the truth,--the value
of a work of art should be determined by its merit alone, and not by
the artist's reputation, or any other remote influence,--of course I
do not include particular objects consecrated by association or by
time. But suppose a man paints a great picture, for which he recieves
a great price, and thereafter uses the fame he has won as speculating
capital to enrich himself,--I beg the pardon of every artist for
setting up the hideous hypothesis!--But to complete it: the moment a
man does that, he loses his self-respect, which is about as bad as
anything that can happen to him; it is moral suicide. And he has done
a grievous wrong to art by lowering the high standard he himself
helped to raise. But his crime is no greater than that of the
name-worshipers, who, ignorantly, or insolently, set up false
standards and scorn the real test of values. However, these important
matters are not left entirely to individual consciences; artists, and
so-called art-critics, are not the only judges of art. We have no
mysterious sanctuaries for a privileged few; all may enter,--all are
indeed made to enter, not by violence, but by the simple, natural
means employed in all teaching. All will not hold the brush, or the
pen, or the chisel; but from their earliest infancy our children are
carefully taught to recognize the forms of truth in all art; the eye
was made to see, the ear to hear, the mind to understand."

The visit was at an end. When he left us it was as though the sun had
passed under a cloud.

Clytia went out with him, her arm lovingly linked in his; and I turned
to Ariadne. "Tell me," I said, "why is he called Master? Is it a
formal title, or was it bestowed in recognition of the quality of the

"Both," she answered. "No man receives the title who has not the
'quality.' But it is in one way perfunctory; it is the distinguishing
title of a teacher of the highest rank."

"And what are teachers of the highest rank, presidents of colleges?" I

"O, no," she replied with a smile, "they are not necessarily teachers
of schools--old and young alike are their pupils. They are those who
have advanced the farthest in all the paths of knowledge, especially
the moral and the spiritual."

"I understand," said I; "they are your priests, ministers,
pastors,--your Doctors of Divinity."

"Perhaps," she returned, doubtfully; our terminology was not always
clear to those people.

"Usually," she went on, "they begin with teaching in the schools,--as
a kind of apprenticeship. But, naturally, they rise; there is that
same quality in them which forces great poets and painters to high
positions in their respective fields."

"Then they rank with geniuses!" I exclaimed, and the mystery of the
man in whose grand company I had spent the past hour was solved.

Ariadne looked at me as though surprised that I should have been
ignorant of so natural and patent a fact.

"Excuse me!" said I, "but it is not always the case with us; any man
may set up for a religious teacher who chooses, with or without
preparation,--just as any one may set up for a poet, or a painter, or
a composer of oratorio."

"Genius must be universal on your planet then," she returned
innocently. I suppose I might have let it pass, there was nobody to
contradict any impressions I might be pleased to convey! but there is
something in the atmosphere of Lunismar which compels the truth, good
or bad.

"No," said I, "they do it by grace of their unexampled self-trust,--a
quality much encouraged among us,--and because we do not legislate
upon such matters. The boast of our country is liberty, and in some
respects we fail to comprehend the glorious possession. Too often we
mistake lawlessness for liberty. The fine arts are our playthings, and
each one follows his own fancy, like children with toys."

"Follows-his-own-fancy," she repeated, as one repeats a strange
phrase, the meaning of which is obscure.

"By the way," I said, "you must be rather arbitrary here. Is a man
liable to arrest or condign punishment, if he happens to burlesque any
of the higher callings under the impression that he is a genius?"

She laughed, and I added, "I assure you that this is not an uncommon
occurrence with us."

"It would be impossible here," she replied, "because no one could so
mistake himself, though it seems egotistical for one of us to say so!
but"--a curious expression touched her face, a questioning, doubting,
puzzled look--"we are speaking honestly, are we not?"

I wondered if I had betrayed my American characteristic of hyperbole,
and I smiled as I answered her:

"My countrymen are at my mercy, I know; but had I a thousand grudges
against them, I beg you to believe that I am not so base as to take
advantage of my unique opportunity to do them harm! We are a young
people, as I said awhile ago, a very young people; and in many
respects we have the innocent audacity of babes. Yes," I added, "I
have told you the truth,--but not all of it; Earth, too, is pinnacled
with great names,--of Masters, like yours, and poets, and painters,
and scientists, and inventors. Even in the darkest ages there have
been these points of illumination. What I chiefly wonder at here, is
the universality of intelligence, of understanding. You are a teacher
of children, pray tell me how you teach. How do you get such wonderful
results? I can comprehend--a little--'what' you people are, I wish to
know the 'how,' the 'why'."

"All our teaching," she said, "embraces the three-fold nature. The
physical comes first of course, for you cannot reach the higher
faculties through barriers of physical pain and sickness, hunger and
cold. The child must have a good body, and to this end he is taught
the laws that govern his body, through careful and attentive
observance of cause and effect. And almost immediately, he begins to
have fascinating glimpses of similar laws operating upon a higher
than the physical plane. Children have boundless curiosity, you know,
and this makes the teacher's work easy and delightful,--for we all
love to tell a piece of news! Through this faculty, the desire to
know, you can lead a child in whatever paths you choose. You can
almost make him what you choose. A little experience teaches a child
that every act brings consequences, good or bad; but he need not get
all his knowledge by experience, that is too costly. The reasoning
faculty must be aroused, and then the conscience,--which is to the
soul what the sensatory nerves are to the body. But the conscience is
a latent faculty, and here comes in the teacher's most delicate and
important work. Conscience is quite dependent upon the intellect; we
must know what is right and what is wrong, otherwise conscience must
stagger blindly."

"Yes, I know," I interrupted, "the consciences of some very good
people in our world have burned witches at the stake."

"Horrible!" she said with a shudder.

She continued: "This, then, is the basis. We try, through that simple
law of cause and effect, which no power can set aside, to supply each
child with a safe, sure motive for conduct that will serve him through
life, as well in his secret thought as in outward act. No one with
this principle well-grounded in him will ever seek to throw the blame
of his misdeeds upon another. We teach the relative value of
repentance; that though it cannot avert or annul the effects of
wrong-doing, it may serve to prevent repetition of the wrong."

"Do you punish offenders?" I asked.

She smiled. "Punishment for error is like treating symptoms instead of
the disease which produced them, is it not?--relief for the present,
but no help for the future. Punishment, and even criticism, are
dangerous weapons, to be used, if at all, with a tact and skill that
make one tremble to think of! They are too apt to destroy freedom of
intercourse between teacher and pupil. Unjust criticism, especially,
shuts the teacher from an opportunity to widen the pupil's knowledge.
Too often our criticisms are barriers which we throw about ourselves,
shutting out affection and confidence; and then we wonder why friends
and family are sealed books to us!"

"That is a fact," I assented, heartily, "and no one can keep to his
highest level if he is surrounded by an atmosphere of coldness and
censure. Even Christ, our Great Teacher, affirmed that he could not do
his work in certain localities because of prevailing unbelief."

"There is one thing which it is difficult to learn," went on Ariadne,
"discrimination, the fitness of things. I may not do that which is
proper for another to do,--why? Because in each individual
consciousness is a special and peculiar law of destiny upon which
rests the burden of personal responsibility. It is this law of the
individual that makes it an effrontery for any one to constitute
himself the chancellor of another's conscience, or to sit in judgment
upon any act which does not fall under the condemnation of the common
law. It is given to each of us to create a world,--within ourselves
and round about us,--each unlike all the others, though conforming to
the universal principles of right, as poets, however original,
conform to the universal principles of language. We have choice--let
me give you a paradox!--every one may have first choice of
inexhaustible material in infinite variety. But how to choose!"

I quoted Milton's lines:

    "He that has light within his own clear breast,
    May sit in the center and enjoy bright day;
    But he that hides a dark soul and foul thoughts,
    Benighted walks under the mid-day sun;
    Himself is his own dungeon."

She thanked me with a fine smile.

Clytia had come in a few moments before, but her entrance had been
such that it had caused no disturbing vibrations in the current of
sympathetic understanding upon which Ariadne and myself were launched.

Now, however, we came ashore as it were, and she greeted us as
returned voyagers love to be greeted, with cordial welcome.

She informed us that dinner was ready, and I was alarmed lest we might
have delayed that important function.

The children had disappeared for the day, having already had their
dinner in the nursery under the supervision of their mother.

Calypso had invited in his friend Fides. He was a man of powerful
frame, and strong, fine physionomy; with a mind as virile as the
former, and as clear-cut as the latter. The woman who had created the
dinner--I do not know of a better word--also sat at table with us, and
contributed many a gem to the thought of the hour. Thought may seem an
odd word to use in connection with a dinner conversation,--unless it
is a "toast" dinner! but even in their gayest and lightest moods these
people are never thoughtless. Their minds instead of being lumbering
machinery requiring much force and preparation to put in motion, are
set upon the daintiest and most delicate wheels. Their mental
equipment corresponds with the astonishing mechanical contrivances for
overcoming friction in the physical world. And this exquisite
machinery is applied in exactly the same ways,--sometimes for utility,
and sometimes for simple enjoyment.

Ariadne's prediction had been correct, the storm-king was mustering
his forces round the mountain-tops, and the Eudosa was answering the
challenge from the valley.

After dinner we went up into the observatory, and from thence passed
out onto the balcony, thrilled by the same sense of delightful
expectancy you see in the unennuied eyes of Youth, waiting for the
curtain to go up at a play. All save myself had of course seen
thunder-storms in Lunismar, but none were _blasé_. There was eagerness
in every face.

We took our station at a point which gave us the best view of the
mountains, and saw the lightning cut their cloud-enwrapped sides with
flaming swords, and thrust gleaming spears down into the darkling
valley, as if in furious spite at the blackness which had gathered
everywhere. For the sun had sunk behind a wall as dense as night and
left the world to its fate. Before the rain began to fall there was an
appalling stillness, which even the angry mutterings of the Eudosa
could not overcome. And then, as though the heavens had marshaled all
their strength for one tremendous assault, the thunder broke forth. I
have little physical timidity, but the shock struck me into a pose as
rigid as death.

The others were only profoundly impressed, spiritually alive to the
majesty of the performance.

That first explosion was but the prelude to the mighty piece played
before us, around us, at our feet, and overhead.

Earth has been spared the awfulness--(without destruction)--and has
missed the glory of such a storm as this.

But the grandest part was yet to come. The rain lasted perhaps twenty
minutes, and then a slight rent was made in the thick and sombre
curtain that covered the face of the heavens, and a single long shaft
of light touched the frozen point of the Spear and turned its crystal
and its snow to gold. The rest of the mountain was still swathed in
cloud. A moment more, and a superb rainbow, and another, and yet
another, were flung upon the shoulder of the Spear, below the
glittering finger. The rent in the curtain grew wider, and beyond, all
the splendors of colors were blazoned upon the shimmering draperies
that closed about and slowly vanished with the sun.

We sat in silence for a little time. I happened to be near Fides, and
I presently turned to him and said:

"That was a most extraordinary manifestation of the Almighty's power!"

He looked at me but did not reply.

Ariadne, who had heard my remark, exclaimed laughingly:

"Fides thinks the opening of a flower is a far more wonderful
manifestation than the stirring up of the elements!"

In the midst of the storm I had discovered the Master standing at the
farther end of the balcony, and beside him a tall, slender woman with
thick, white hair, whom I rightly took to be his wife. I was presented
to her shortly, and the mental comment I made at the moment, I never
afterward reversed,--"She is worthy to be the Master's wife!"

Although the rain had ceased, the sky was a blank, as night settled
upon the world. Not a star shone. But it was cool and pleasant, and
we sat and talked for a couple of hours. Suddenly, a band of music on
the terrace below silenced our voices. It was most peculiar music: now
it was tone-pictures thrown upon the dark background of shadows; and
now it was a dance of sprites; and now a whispered confidence in the
ear. It made no attempt to arouse the emotions, to produce either
sadness or exaltation. It was a mere frolic of music. When it was
over, I went down stairs, with the others, humming an inaudible tune,
as though I had been to the opera.

Chapter 11.


    "He who rests on what he is, has a destiny above
    destiny, and can make mouths at fortune."

    "Work out your own salvation."
              --ST. PAUL.

I had a feeling, when I retired to my room that night, as if years lay
between me and the portion of my life which I had spent in Paleveria.
But across the wide gulf my soul embraced Severnius. All that was
beautiful, and lovable, and noble in that far-off country centered in
him, as light centres in a star.

But of Elodia I could not think without pain. I even felt a kind of
helpless rage mingling with the pain,--remembering that it was simply
the brutality of the social system under which she had been reared,
that had stamped so hideous a brand upon a character so fair. I
contrasted her in my mind with the women asleep in the rooms about me,
whose thoughts were as pure as the thoughts of a child. Had she been
born here, I reflected, she would have been like Clytia, like Ariadne.
And oh! the pity of it, that she had not!

I was restless, wakeful, miserable, thinking of her; remembering her
wit, her intelligence, her power; remembering how charming she was,
how magnetic, and alas! how faulty!

She gave delight to all about her, and touched all life with color.
But she was like a magnificent bouquet culled from the gardens of
wisdom and beauty; a thing of but temporary value, whose fragrance
must soon be scattered, whose glory must soon pass away.

Ariadne was the white and slender lily, slowly unfolding petal after
petal in obedience to the law of its own inner growth. Should the
blossom be torn asunder its perfume would rise as incense about its
destroyer, and from the life hidden at its root would come forth more
perfect blossoms and more delicate fragrance.

I had arrived at this estimate of her character by a process more
unerring and far swifter than reason. You might call it spiritual
telegraphy. The thought of her not only restored but immeasurably
increased my faith in woman; and I fell asleep at last soothed and

I awoke in the morning to the sound of singing. It was Ariadne's
voice, and she was touching the strings of a harp. All Caskians sing,
and all are taught to play upon at least one musical instrument. Every
household is an orchestra.

Ariadne's voice was exceptionally fine--where all voices were
excellent. Its quality was singularly bird-like; sometimes it was the
joyous note of the lark, and again it was the tenderly sweet, and
passionately sad, dropping-song of the mocking-bird.

When I looked out of my window, the sun was just silvering the point
of the Spear, and light wreaths of mist were lifting from the valleys.
I saw the Master, staff in hand, going up toward the mountains, and
Fides was coming across the hills.

I had wondered, when I saw the Master and his wife on the balcony the
night before, how they came to be there at such an hour on such a
night. I took the first opportunity to find out. The only way to find
out about people's affairs in Caskia, is by asking questions, or, by
observation--which takes longer. They speak with their lives instead
of their tongues, concerning so many things that other people are
wordy about. They are quite devoid of theories. But they are
charmingly willing to impart what one wishes to know.

I learned that Clytia's parents lived within a stone's throw of her
house on one side, and Calypso's grandparents at about the same
distance on the other. And I also learned that it was an arrangement
universally practiced; the clustering together of families, in order
that the young might always be near at hand to support, and protect,
and to smooth the pathway of the old. Certain savage races upon the
Earth abandon the aged to starvation and death; certain other races,
not savage, abandon them to a loneliness that is only less cruel. But
these extraordinarily just people repay to the helplessness of age,
the tenderness and care, the loving sympathy, which they themselves
received in the helplessness of infancy.

The grandparents happened to be away from home, and I did not meet
them for some days.

On that first morning we had Clytia's parents to breakfast.
Immediately after breakfast the circle broke up. It was Clytia's
morning to visit and assist in the school which her little ones
attended; Ariadne started off to her work, with a fresh cluster of the
delicious blue flowers in her belt; and I had the choice of visiting
the steel-works with Calypso, or taking a trip to Lake Eudosa, on
foot, with the Master. I could hardly conceal the delight with which I
decided in favor of the latter. We set off at once, and what a walk it
was! A little way through the city, and then across a strip of lush
green meadow, starred with daisies, thence into sweet-smelling woods,
and then down, down, down, along the rocky edge of the canyon, past
the deafening waterfalls to the wonderful Lake!

We passed, on our way through the city, a large, fine structure which,
upon inquiry, I found to be the place where the Master "taught" on the
Sabbath day.

"Do you wish to look in?" he asked, and we turned back and entered.
The interior was beautiful and vast, capacious enough to seat several
thousand people; and every Sunday it was filled.

I thought it a good opportunity for finding out something about the
religion of this people, and I began by asking:

"Are there any divisions in your Church,--different denominations, I

He seemed unable to comprehend me, and I was obliged to enter into an
explanation, which I made as simple as possible, of course, relative
to the curse of Adam and the plan of redemption. In order that he
might understand the importance attaching to our creeds, I told him of
the fierce, sanguinary struggles of past ages, and the grave
controversies of modern times, pertaining to certain dogmas and
tenets,--as to whether they were essential, or non-essential to

"Salvation from what?" he asked.

"Why, from sin."

"But how? We know only one way to be saved from sin."

"And what is that?" I inquired.

"Not to sin."

"But that is impossible!" I rejoined, feeling that he was trifling
with the subject. Though that was unlike him.

"Yes, it is impossible," he replied, gravely. "God did not make us
perfect. He left us something to do for ourselves."

"That is heretical," said I. "Don't you believe in the Fall of Man?"

"No, I think I believe in the Rise of Man," he answered, smiling.

"O, I keep forgetting," I exclaimed, "that I am on another planet!"

"And that this planet has different relations with God from what your
planet has?" returned he. "I cannot think so, sir; it is altogether a
new idea to me, and--pardon me!--an illogical one. We belong to the
same system, and why should not the people of Mars have the sentence
for sin revoked, as well as the people of Earth? Why should not we
have been provided with an intercessor? But tell me, is it really
so?--do you upon the Earth not suffer the consequences of your acts?"

"Why, certainly we do," said I; "while we live. The plan of salvation
has reference to the life after death."

He dropped his eyes to the ground.

"You believe in that life, do you not?" I asked.

"Believe in it!"--he looked up, amazed. "All life is eternal; as long
as God lives, we shall live."

A little later he said:

"You spoke of the fall of man,--what did you mean?"

"That Man was created a perfect being, but through sin became
imperfect, so that God could not take him back to Himself,--save by

"And God sent His Only Son to the Earth, you say, to redeem your race
from the consequences of their own acts?"

"So we believe," said I.

After another brief silence, he remarked:

"Man did not begin his life upon this planet in perfection."

At this moment we passed a beautiful garden, in which there was an
infinite profusion of flowers in infinite variety.

"Look at those roses!" he exclaimed; "God planted the species, a crude
and simple plant, and turned it over to man to do what he might with
it; and in the same way he placed man himself here,--to perfect
himself if he would. I am not jealous of God, nor envious of you; but
just why He should have arranged to spare you all this labor, and
commanded us to work out our own salvation, I cannot comprehend."

It struck me as a remarkable coincidence that he should have used the
very words of one of our own greatest logicians.

A longer silence followed. The Master walked with his head inclined,
in the attitude of profound thought. At last he drew a deep breath and
looked up, relaxing his brows.

"It may be prodigiously presumptuous," he said, "but I am inclined to
think there has been a mistake somewhere."

"How, a mistake?" I asked.

He paid no heed to the question, but said: "Tell me the story,--tell
me the exact words, if you can, of this Great Teacher whom you believe
to be the Son of God?"

I gave a brief outline of the Saviour's life and death, and it was a
gratification to me--because it seemed, in some sort, an
acknowledgment, or concession to my interpretation,--to see that he
was profoundly affected.

"Oh!" he cried,--his hands were clenched and his body writhed as with
the actual sufferings of the Man of Sorrows,--"that a race of men
should have been brought through such awful tribulation to see God!
Why could they not accept the truth from his lips?"

"Because they would not. They kept crying 'Give us a sign,' and he
gave himself to death."

I grouped together as many of the words of Christ as I could recall,
and I was surprised, not only that his memory kept its grasp on them
all, but that he was able to see at once their innermost meaning. It
was as if he dissolved them in the wonderful alembic of his
understanding, and instantly restored them in crystals of pure truth,
divested alike of mysticism and remote significance. He took them up,
one by one, and held them to the light, as one holds precious gems. He
knew them, recognized them, and appraised them with the delight, and
comprehensiveness, and the critical judgment of a connoisseur of

"You believe that Christ came into your world," he said, "that you
'might have life.' That is, he came to teach you that the life of the
soul, and not the body, is the real life. He died 'that you might
live,' but it was not the mere fact of his death that assured your
life. He was willing to give up his life in pledge of the truth of
what he taught, that you might believe that truth, and act upon that
belief, and so gain life. He taught only the truth,--his soul was a
fountain of truth. Hence, when he said, Suffer the little children to
come unto me, it was as though he said, Teach your children the truths
I have taught you. And when he cried in the tenderness of his great
and yearning love, Come unto me all ye that labor and are heavy laden,
and I will give you rest, he meant,--oh! you cannot doubt it, my
friend,--he meant, Come, give up your strifes, and hatreds, your
greeds, and vanities, and selfishness, and the endless weariness of
your pomps and shows; come to me and learn how to live, and where to
find peace, and contentment. 'A new commandment I give unto you, that
ye love one another.' This was the 'easy yoke,' and the 'light
burden,' which your Christ offered to you in place of the tyranny of
sin. 'Whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to
them.' There is nothing finer than that,--there is no law above that!
We Caskians have been trying to work upon that principle for thousands
of years. It is all that there is of religion, save the spiritual
perception of abstract truths which we may conceive of; more or less
clearly, as attributes of God. Your Great Teacher explained to you
that God is a spirit, and should be worshiped in spirit and in truth.
Hence we may worship Him where and when we will. Worship is not a
ceremony, but profound contemplation of the infinite wisdom, the
infinite power, and the infinite love of God. The outdoor
world,--here, where we stand now, with the marvelous sky above us, the
clouds, the sun; this mighty cataract before us; and all the teeming
life, the beauty, the fragrance, the song,--is the best place of all.
I pity the man who lacks the faculty of worship! it means that though
he may have eyes he sees not, and ears he hears not."

"Do you believe in temples of worship?" I asked.

"Yes," he replied, "I believe in them; for though walls and stained
windows shut out the physical glories of the world, they do not blind
the eyes of the spirit. And if there is one in the pulpit who has
absorbed enough of the attributes of God into his soul to stand as an
interpreter to the people, it is better than waiting outside. Then,
too, there is grandeur in the coming together of a multitude to
worship in oneness of spirit. And all things are better when shared
with others. I believe that art should bring its best treasures to
adorn the temples of worship, and that music should voice this supreme
adoration. But in this matter, we should be careful not to limit God
in point of locality. What does the saying mean, 'I asked for bread,
and ye gave me a stone?' I think it might mean, for one thing, 'I
asked where to find God, and you pointed to a building.' The finite
mind is prone to worship its own creations of God. There are ignorant
races upon this planet,--perhaps also upon yours,--who dimly recognize
Deity in this way; they bring the best they have of skill in
handiwork, to the making of a pitiful image to represent God; and
then, forgetting the motive, they bow down to the image. We call that
idolatry. But it is hard even for the enlightened to avoid this sin."

He paused a moment and then went on:

"I cannot comprehend the importance you seem to place upon the forms
and symbols, nor in what way they relate to religion, but they may
have some temporary value, I can hardly judge of that. Baptism, you
say, is a token and a symbol, but do a people so far advanced in
intelligence and perception, still require tokens and symbols? And can
you not, even yet, separate the spiritual meaning of Christ's words
from their literal meaning? You worship the man--the God, if you
will,--instead of that for which he stood. He himself was a symbol, he
stood for the things he wished to teach. 'I am the truth,' 'I am the
life.' Do you not see that he meant, 'I am the exponent of truth, I
teach you how to live; hearken unto me.' In those days in which he
lived, perhaps, language was still word-pictures, and the people whom
he taught could not grasp the abstract, hence he used the more
forcible style, the concrete. He could not have made this clearer,
than in those remarkable words, 'Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one
of the least of these, my brethren, ye have done it unto me.'"

"I know," I replied, as he paused for some response from me; "my
intellect accepts your interpretation of these things, but this
symbolic religion of ours is ingrained in our very consciences, so
that neglect of the outward forms of Christianity seems almost worse
than actual sin."

"And it will continue to be so," he said, "until you learn to practice
the truth for truth's sake,--until you love your neighbor--not only
because Christ commanded it, but because the principle of love is
'ingrained in your consciences.' As for belonging to a church, I can
only conceive of that in the social sense, for every soul that aspires
upward belongs to Christ's church universal. They are the lambs of his
flock, the objects of his tenderest care. But I can see how a great
number of religious societies, or organizations, are possible, as
corresponding with the requirements of different groups of people."

"Yes," I said, glad of this admission, "and these societies are all
aiming at the same thing that you teach,--the brotherhood of man. They
clothe the poor, they look after the sick, they send missionaries to
the heathen, they preach morality and temperance,--all, in His Name,
because, to tell the truth, they cannot conceive of any virtue
disassociated from the man, Jesus. Jesus is the great leader of the
spiritual forces marshaled under the banners of truth upon the Earth.
In all their good works, which are so great and so many, good
christians give Christ the glory, because, but for him, they would not
have had the Truth, the Life,--the world was so dark, so ignorant. All
the ancient civilizations upon the Earth,--and some of them were
magnificent!--have perished, because they did not possess this truth
and this spiritual life which Christ taught. There was a great deal of
knowledge, but not love; there was a great deal of philosophy, but it
was cold. There was mysticism, but it did not satisfy. Do you wonder,
sir, that a world should love the man who brought love into that
world,--who brought peace, good-will, to men?"

"No, no," said the Master, "I do not wonder. It is grand, sublime! And
he gave his body to be destroyed by his persecutors, in order to prove
to the world that there is a life higher than the physical, and
indestructible,--and that physical death has no other agony than
physical pain. Ah, I see, I understand, and I am not surprised that
you call this man your redeemer! I think, my friend," he added, "that
you have now a civilization upon the Earth, which will not perish!"

After a moment, he remarked, turning to me with a smile, "We are not
so far apart as we thought we were, when we first started out, are

"No," said I, "the only wonder to me is, that you should have been in
possession, from the beginning, of the same truths that were revealed
to us only a few centuries ago, through, as we have been taught to
believe, special Divine Favor."

"Say, rather, Infinite Divine Love," he returned; "then we shall
indeed stand upon the same plane, all alike, children of God."

As we continued our walk, his mind continued to dwell upon the
teachings of Christ, and he sought to make clear to me one thing after

"Pray without ceasing," he repeated, reflectively. "Well, now, it
would be impossible to take that literally; the literal meaning of
prayer is verbal petition. The real meaning is, the sincere desire of
the soul. You are commanded to pray in secret, and God will reward
you openly. Put the two together and you have this: Desire constantly,
within your secret soul, to learn and to practice the truth; and your
open reward shall be the countless blessings which are attracted to
the perfect life, the inner life. 'Ask whatsoever you will, in my
name, and it shall be granted you.' That is, 'Ask in the name of truth
and love.' Shall you pray for a personal blessing or favor which might
mean disaster or injury to another? Prayer is the desire and effort of
the soul to keep in harmony with God's great laws of the universe."

       *       *       *       *       *

As it had been in Thursia, so it was here; people came to see me from
all parts, and there were some remarkable companies in Clytia's
parlors! Usually they were spontaneous gatherings, evening parties
being often made up with little or no premeditation. There was music
always, in great variety, and of the most delightful and elevated
character,--singing, and many kinds of bands. And sometimes there was
dancing,--not of the kind which awakened in De Quincey's soul, "the
very grandest form of passionate sadness,"--but of a kind that made me
wish I had been the inventor of the phrase, "poetry of motion," so
that I could have used it here, fresh and unhackneyed. In all, there
was no more voluptuousness than in the frolic of children.
Conversation might--and often was--as light as the dance of
butterflies, but it was liable at any moment to rise, upon a hint, or
a suggestion, to the most sublimated regions of thought,--for these
people do not leave their minds at home when they go into society. And
here, in society, I saw the workings of the principle of brotherly
love, in a strikingly beautiful aspect. There was no disposition on
the part of any one to outdo another; rather there seemed to be a
general conspiracy to make each one rise to his best. The spirit of
criticism was absent, and the spirit of petty jealousy. The women
without exception were dressed with exquisite taste, because this is a
part of their culture. And every woman was beautiful, for loving eyes
approved her; and every man was noble, for no one doubted him.

If the sky was clear, a portion of each evening was spent in the
observatory, or out upon the balcony, as the company chose, and the
great telescope was always in requisition, and always pointed to the
Earth!--if the Earth was in sight.

The last evening I spent in Lunismar was such an one as I have
described. Ariadne and I happened to be standing together, and alone,
in a place upon the balcony which commanded a view of our world. It
was particularly clear and brilliant that night, and you may imagine
with what feelings I contemplated it, being about to return to it! We
had been silent for some little time, when she turned her eyes to
me--those wonderful eyes!--and said, a little sadly, I thought:

"I shall never look upon Earth again, without happy memories of your
brief visit among us."

A strange impulse seized me, and I caught her hands and held them fast
in mine. "And I, O, Ariadne! when I return to Earth again, and lift
my eyes toward heaven, it will not be Mars that I shall see, but

A strange light suddenly flashed over her face and into her eyes as
she raised them to mine, and in their clear depths was revealed to me
the supreme law of the universe, the law of life, the law of love. In
a voice tremulous with emotion--sad, but not hopeless--she murmured:

"And I, also, shall forget my studies in the starry fields of space to
watch for your far-distant planet--the Earth--which shall forever
touch all others with its glory."

And there, under the stars, with the plaintive music of the Eudosa in
our ears, and seeing dimly through the darkness the white finger of
the snowy peaks pointing upward, we looked into each other's eyes
and--"I saw a new heaven and a new earth."


[Illustration: Books]

_From the Press of the Arena Publishing Company._

The Rise of the Swiss Republic.


    It contains over four hundred pages, printed from new and
    handsome type, on a fine quality of heavy paper. The margins are
    wide, and the volume is richly bound in cloth.

Price, postpaid, $3.00.

Sultan to Sultan.

By M. FRENCH-SHELDON (Bebe Bwana).

    Being a thrilling account of a remarkable expedition to the
    Masai and other hostile tribes of East Africa, which was planned
    and commanded by this intrepid woman. =A Sumptuous Volume of
    Travels.= Handsomely illustrated; printed on coated paper and
    richly bound in African red silk-finished cloth.

Price, postpaid, $5.00.

The League of the Iroquois.


     It is instinct with good taste and poetic feeling, affluent of
     picturesque description and graceful portraiture, and its
     versification is fairly melodious.--_Harper's Magazine._

     Has the charm of Longfellow's "Hiawatha."--_Albany Evening

     Of rare excellence and beauty.--_American Wesleyan._

     Evinces fine qualities of imagination, and is distinguished by
     remarkable grace and fluency.--_Boston Gazette._

     The publication of this poem alone may well serve as a
     mile-post in marking the pathway of American literature. The
     work is a marvel of legendary lore, and will be appreciated by
     every earnest reader.--_Boston Times._

Price, postpaid, cloth, $1.00; Red Line edition, $1.50.


I. Bond-Holders and Bread-Winners.

By S. S. KING, Esq., Kansas City, Kansas. The most powerful book of
the year. Its argument is irresistible. You should read it.

    President L. L. POLK, National F. A. and I. U., says: "It should
    be placed in the hands of every voter of this country."

Price, postpaid, 25 cents; per hundred, $12.50.

II. Money, Land, and Transportation.


    1. A New Declaration of Rights. _Hamlin Garland._
    2. The Farmer, Investor, and the Railway. _C. Wood Davis._
    3. The Independent Party and Money at Cost. _R. B. Hassell._

Price, single copy, 25 cents; per hundred, $10.

III. Industrial Freedom. The Triple Demand of Labor.


    1. The Money Question. _Hon. John Davis._
    2. The Sub-Treasury Plan. _C. C. Post._
    3. The Railroad Problem. _C. Wood Davis and Ex-Gov.
       Lionel A. Sheldon._

Price, single copy, 25 cents; per hundred, $10.

IV. Esau; or, The Banker's Victim.

    "ESAU" is the title of a new book by Dr. T. A. BLAND. It is a
    political novel of purpose and power. As a romance it is
    fascinating; as a history of a mortgage it is tragic; and as an
    _exposé_ of the financial policy of the old parties it is clear
    and forcible. It is a timely and valuable campaign book.

Price, single copy, 25 cents; per hundred, $12.50.

V. The People's Cause.


    1. The Threefold Contention of Industry. _Gen. J. B. Weaver,
       Presidential Nominee of People's Party._
    2. The Negro Question In the South. _Hon. Thos. E. Watson, M. C.
       from Georgia._
    3. The Menace of Plutocracy. _B. O. Flower, Editor of "The Arena."_
    4. The Communism of Capital. _Hon. John Davis, M. C. from Kansas._
    5. The Pending Presidential Campaign. _Hon. J. H. Kyle, State
       Senator from South Dakota; Thos. E. Watson, M. C. from Georgia._

Price, 25 cents a copy; per hundred, $10.

       *       *       *       *       *

Salome Shepard, Reformer.

By HELEN M. WINSLOW. A New England story. Price: paper, 50 cents;
cloth, $1.00.

The Law of Laws.

By S. B. WAIT. The author takes advance metaphysical grounds on the
origin, nature, and destiny of the soul.

    "It is offered as a contribution to the thought of that
    unnumbered fraternity of spirit whose members are found wherever
    souls are sensitive to the impact of the truth and feel
    another's burden as their own."--_Author's Preface._

256 pages; handsome cloth. Price, postpaid, $1.50.

Life. A Novel.

By WILLIAM W. WHEELER. A book of thrilling interest from cover to

    In the form of a novel called "LIFE," William W. Wheeler has put
    before the public some of the clearest statements of logical
    ideas regarding humanity's present aspects, its inherent and
    manifest powers, and its future, that we have ever read. The
    book is strong, keen, powerful; running over with thought, so
    expressed as to clearly convey the author's ideas; everything is
    to the point, nothing superfluous--and for this it is specially
    admirable.--_The Boston Times._

Price: paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Along Shore with a Man of War.

By MARGUERITE DICKINS. A delightful story of travel, delightfully
told, handsomely illustrated, and beautifully bound. Price, postpaid,


    Popular lectures by leading thinkers, delivered before the
    Brooklyn Ethical Association. This work is of inestimable value
    to the general reader who is interested in Evolution as applied
    to religious, scientific, and social themes. It is the joint
    work of a number of the foremost thinkers in America to-day. One
    volume, handsome cloth, illustrated, complete index. 408 pp.
    Price, postpaid, $2.00.


    Popular lectures by eminent thinkers, delivered before the
    Brooklyn Ethical Association. This work is a companion volume to
    "Evolution," and presents the best thought of representative
    thinkers on social evolution. One volume, handsome cloth, with
    diagram and complete index. 412 pp. Price, postpaid, $2.00.

The Dream Child.

    A fascinating romance of two worlds. By FLORENCE HUNTLEY. Price:
    paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

A Mute Confessor.

    The romance of a Southern town. By WILL N. HARBEN, author of
    "White Marie," "Almost Persuaded," etc. Price: paper, 50 cents;
    cloth, $1.00.

Redbank; Life on a Southern Plantation.

By M. L. COWLES. A typical Southern story by a Southern woman. Price:
paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Psychics. Facts and Theories.

By Rev. MINOT J. SAVAGE. A thoughtful discussion of Psychical
problems. Price: paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Civilization's Inferno: Studies in the Social Cellar.

By B. O. FLOWER. I. Introductory chapter. II. Society's Exiles. III.
Two Hours in the Social Cellar. IV. The Democracy of Darkness. V. Why
the Ishmaelites Multiply. VI. The Froth and the Dregs. VII. A
Pilgrimage and a Vision. VIII. Some Facts and a Question. IX. What of
the Morrow? Price: paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Is This Your Son, My Lord?

By HELEN H. GARDENER. The most powerful novel written by an American.
A terrible _expose_ of conventional immorality and hypocrisy. Price:
paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Pray You, Sir, Whose Daughter?

By HELEN H. GARDENER. A brilliant novel of to-day, dealing with social
purity and the "age of consent" laws. Price: paper, 50 cents; cloth,

A Spoil of Office.

A novel. By HAMLIN GARLAND. The truest picture of Western life that
has appeared in American fiction. Price: paper, 50 cents; cloth,

Lessons Learned from Other Lives.


    There are fourteen biographies in this volume, dealing with the
    lives of Seneca and Epictetus, the great Roman philosophers;
    Joan of Arc, the warrior maid; Henry Clay, the statesman; Edwin
    Booth and Joseph Jefferson, the actors; John Howard Payne,
    William Cullen Bryant, Edgar Allan Poe, Alice and Ph[oe]be Cary,
    and John G. Whittier, the poets; Alfred Russell Wallace, the
    scientist; Victor Hugo, the many-sided man of genius.

    "The book sparkles with literary jewels."--_Christian Leader_,
    Cincinnati, Ohio.

Price: paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.


By NEITH BOYCE. Illustrated with original drawings by ETHELWYN WELLS
CONREY. A beautiful gift book. Bound in white and gold. Price,
postpaid, $1.25.

The Finished Creation, and Other Poems.

By BENJAMIN HATHAWAY, author of "The League of the Iroquois," "Art
Life," and other Poems. Handsomely bound in white parchment vellum,
stamped in silver. Price, postpaid, $1.25.

Wit and Humor of the Bible.

By Rev. MARION D. SHUTTER, D.D. A brilliant and reverent treatise.
Published only in cloth. Price, postpaid, $1.50.

Son of Man; or, Sequel to Evolution.

By CELESTIA ROOT LANG. Published only in cloth.

    This work, in many respects, very remarkably discusses the next
    step in the Evolution of Man. It is in perfect touch with
    advanced Christian Evolutionary thought, but takes a step beyond
    the present position of Religion Leaders.

Price, postpaid, $1.25.

Jason Edwards: An Average Man.

By HAMLIN GARLAND. A powerful and realistic story of to-day. Price:
paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Who Lies? An Interrogation.

By BLUM and ALEXANDER. A book that is well worth reading. Price:
paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Main Travelled Roads.

Six Mississippi Valley stories. By HAMLIN GARLAND.

    "The sturdy spirit of true democracy runs through this
    book."--_Review of Reviews._

Price: paper, 50 cents; cloth, $1.00.

Irrepressible Conflict Between Two World-Theories.

By Rev. MINOT J. SAVAGE. The most powerful presentation of Theistic
Evolution _versus_ Orthodoxy that has ever appeared. Price: paper, 50
cents; cloth, $1.00.

_For sale by all booksellers. Sent postpaid upon receipt of the

    Arena Publishing Company,
    Copley Square,        BOSTON, MASS.

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Unveiling a Parallel - A Romance" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's ISYS search for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
ISYS search  means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.

About ISYS® Search Software
Established in 1988, ISYS Search Software is a global supplier of enterprise
search solutions for business and government.  The company's award-winning
software suite offers a broad range of search, navigation and discovery
solutions for desktop search, intranet search, SharePoint search and embedded
search applications.  ISYS has been deployed by thousands of organizations
operating in a variety of industries, including government, legal, law
enforcement, financial services, healthcare and recruitment.