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Title: Catriona
Author: Stevenson, Robert Louis, 1850-1894
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Catriona" ***

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Transcribed from the 1904 Cassell and Company edition by David Price,
email ccx074@pglaf.org



                 CHARLES BAXTER, _Writer to the Signet_.


It is the fate of sequels to disappoint those who have waited for them;
and my David, having been left to kick his heels for more than a lustre
in the British Linen Company’s office, must expect his late re-appearance
to be greeted with hoots, if not with missiles.  Yet, when I remember the
days of our explorations, I am not without hope.  There should be left in
our native city some seed of the elect; some long-legged, hot-headed
youth must repeat to-day our dreams and wanderings of so many years ago;
he will relish the pleasure, which should have been ours, to follow among
named streets and numbered houses the country walks of David Balfour, to
identify Dean, and Silvermills, and Broughton, and Hope Park, and Pilrig,
and poor old Lochend—if it still be standing, and the Figgate Whins—if
there be any of them left; or to push (on a long holiday) so far afield
as Gillane or the Bass.  So, perhaps, his eye shall be opened to behold
the series of the generations, and he shall weigh with surprise his
momentous and nugatory gift of life.

You are still—as when first I saw, as when I last addressed you—in the
venerable city which I must always think of as my home.  And I have come
so far; and the sights and thoughts of my youth pursue me; and I see like
a vision the youth of my father, and of his father, and the whole stream
of lives flowing down there far in the north, with the sound of laughter
and tears, to cast me out in the end, as by a sudden freshet, on these
ultimate islands.  And I admire and bow my head before the romance of

                                                                  R. L. S.

_Vailima_, _Upolu_,
_Samoa_, 1892.



The 25th day of August, 1751, about two in the afternoon, I, David
Balfour, came forth of the British Linen Company, a porter attending me
with a bag of money, and some of the chief of these merchants bowing me
from their doors.  Two days before, and even so late as yestermorning, I
was like a beggar-man by the wayside, clad in rags, brought down to my
last shillings, my companion a condemned traitor, a price set on my own
head for a crime with the news of which the country rang.  To-day I was
served heir to my position in life, a landed laird, a bank porter by me
carrying my gold, recommendations in my pocket, and (in the words of the
saying) the ball directly at my foot.

There were two circumstances that served me as ballast to so much sail.
The first was the very difficult and deadly business I had still to
handle; the second, the place that I was in.  The tall, black city, and
the numbers and movement and noise of so many folk, made a new world for
me, after the moorland braes, the sea-sands and the still country-sides
that I had frequented up to then.  The throng of the citizens in
particular abashed me.  Rankeillor’s son was short and small in the
girth; his clothes scarce held on me; and it was plain I was ill
qualified to strut in the front of a bank-porter.  It was plain, if I did
so, I should but set folk laughing, and (what was worse in my case) set
them asking questions.  So that I behooved to come by some clothes of my
own, and in the meanwhile to walk by the porter’s side, and put my hand
on his arm as though we were a pair of friends.

At a merchant’s in the Luckenbooths I had myself fitted out: none too
fine, for I had no idea to appear like a beggar on horseback; but comely
and responsible, so that servants should respect me.  Thence to an
armourer’s, where I got a plain sword, to suit with my degree in life.  I
felt safer with the weapon, though (for one so ignorant of defence) it
might be called an added danger.  The porter, who was naturally a man of
some experience, judged my accoutrement to be well chosen.

“Naething kenspeckle,” {1} said he; “plain, dacent claes.  As for the
rapier, nae doubt it sits wi’ your degree; but an I had been you, I would
has waired my siller better-gates than that.”  And he proposed I should
buy winter-hosen from a wife in the Cowgate-back, that was a cousin of
his own, and made them “extraordinar endurable.”

But I had other matters on my hand more pressing.  Here I was in this
old, black city, which was for all the world like a rabbit-warren, not
only by the number of its indwellers, but the complication of its
passages and holes.  It was, indeed, a place where no stranger had a
chance to find a friend, let be another stranger.  Suppose him even to
hit on the right close, people dwelt so thronged in these tall houses, he
might very well seek a day before he chanced on the right door.  The
ordinary course was to hire a lad they called a _caddie_, who was like a
guide or pilot, led you where you had occasion, and (your errands being
done) brought you again where you were lodging.  But these caddies, being
always employed in the same sort of services, and having it for
obligation to be well informed of every house and person in the city, had
grown to form a brotherhood of spies; and I knew from tales of Mr.
Campbell’s how they communicated one with another, what a rage of
curiosity they conceived as to their employer’s business, and how they
were like eyes and fingers to the police.  It would be a piece of little
wisdom, the way I was now placed, to take such a ferret to my tails.  I
had three visits to make, all immediately needful: to my kinsman Mr.
Balfour of Pilrig, to Stewart the Writer that was Appin’s agent, and to
William Grant Esquire of Prestongrange, Lord Advocate of Scotland.  Mr.
Balfour’s was a non-committal visit; and besides (Pilrig being in the
country) I made bold to find the way to it myself, with the help of my
two legs and a Scots tongue.  But the rest were in a different case.  Not
only was the visit to Appin’s agent, in the midst of the cry about the
Appin murder, dangerous in itself, but it was highly inconsistent with
the other.  I was like to have a bad enough time of it with my Lord
Advocate Grant, the best of ways; but to go to him hot-foot from Appin’s
agent, was little likely to mend my own affairs, and might prove the mere
ruin of friend Alan’s.  The whole thing, besides, gave me a look of
running with the hare and hunting with the hounds that was little to my
fancy.  I determined, therefore, to be done at once with Mr. Stewart and
the whole Jacobitical side of my business, and to profit for that purpose
by the guidance of the porter at my side.  But it chanced I had scarce
given him the address, when there came a sprinkle of rain—nothing to
hurt, only for my new clothes—and we took shelter under a pend at the
head of a close or alley.

Being strange to what I saw, I stepped a little farther in.  The narrow
paved way descended swiftly.  Prodigious tall houses sprang upon each
side and bulged out, one storey beyond another, as they rose.  At the top
only a ribbon of sky showed in.  By what I could spy in the windows, and
by the respectable persons that passed out and in, I saw the houses to be
very well occupied; and the whole appearance of the place interested me
like a tale.

I was still gazing, when there came a sudden brisk tramp of feet in time
and clash of steel behind me.  Turning quickly, I was aware of a party of
armed soldiers, and, in their midst, a tall man in a great coat.  He
walked with a stoop that was like a piece of courtesy, genteel and
insinuating: he waved his hands plausibly as he went, and his face was
sly and handsome.  I thought his eye took me in, but could not meet it.
This procession went by to a door in the close, which a serving-man in a
fine livery set open; and two of the soldier-lads carried the prisoner
within, the rest lingering with their firelocks by the door.

There can nothing pass in the streets of a city without some following of
idle folk and children.  It was so now; but the more part melted away
incontinent until but three were left.  One was a girl; she was dressed
like a lady, and had a screen of the Drummond colours on her head; but
her comrades or (I should say) followers were ragged gillies, such as I
had seen the matches of by the dozen in my Highland journey.  They all
spoke together earnestly in Gaelic, the sound of which was pleasant in my
ears for the sake of Alan; and, though the rain was by again, and my
porter plucked at me to be going, I even drew nearer where they were, to
listen.  The lady scolded sharply, the others making apologies and
cringeing before her, so that I made sure she was come of a chief’s
house.  All the while the three of them sought in their pockets, and by
what I could make out, they had the matter of half a farthing among the
party; which made me smile a little to see all Highland folk alike for
fine obeisances and empty sporrans.

It chanced the girl turned suddenly about, so that I saw her face for the
first time.  There is no greater wonder than the way the face of a young
woman fits in a man’s mind, and stays there, and he could never tell you
why; it just seems it was the thing he wanted.  She had wonderful bright
eyes like stars, and I daresay the eyes had a part in it; but what I
remember the most clearly was the way her lips were a trifle open as she
turned.  And, whatever was the cause, I stood there staring like a fool.
On her side, as she had not known there was anyone so near, she looked at
me a little longer, and perhaps with more surprise, than was entirely

It went through my country head she might be wondering at my new clothes;
with that, I blushed to my hair, and at the sight of my colouring it is
to be supposed she drew her own conclusions, for she moved her gillies
farther down the close, and they fell again to this dispute, where I
could hear no more of it.

I had often admired a lassie before then, if scarce so sudden and strong;
and it was rather my disposition to withdraw than to come forward, for I
was much in fear of mockery from the womenkind.  You would have thought I
had now all the more reason to pursue my common practice, since I had met
this young lady in the city street, seemingly following a prisoner, and
accompanied with two very ragged indecent-like Highlandmen.  But there
was here a different ingredient; it was plain the girl thought I had been
prying in her secrets; and with my new clothes and sword, and at the top
of my new fortunes, this was more than I could swallow.  The beggar on
horseback could not bear to be thrust down so low, or, at least of it,
not by this young lady.

I followed, accordingly, and took off my new hat to her the best that I
was able.

“Madam,” said I, “I think it only fair to myself to let you understand I
have no Gaelic.  It is true I was listening, for I have friends of my own
across the Highland line, and the sound of that tongue comes friendly;
but for your private affairs, if you had spoken Greek, I might have had
more guess at them.”

She made me a little, distant curtsey.  “There is no harm done,” said
she, with a pretty accent, most like the English (but more agreeable).
“A cat may look at a king.”

“I do not mean to offend,” said I.  “I have no skill of city manners; I
never before this day set foot inside the doors of Edinburgh.  Take me
for a country lad—it’s what I am; and I would rather I told you than you
found it out.”

“Indeed, it will be a very unusual thing for strangers to be speaking to
each other on the causeway,” she replied.  “But if you are landward {2}
bred it will be different.  I am as landward as yourself; I am Highland,
as you see, and think myself the farther from my home.”

“It is not yet a week since I passed the line,” said I.  “Less than a
week ago I was on the braes of Balwhidder.”

“Balwhither?” she cries.  “Come ye from Balwhither!  The name of it makes
all there is of me rejoice.  You will not have been long there, and not
known some of our friends or family?”

“I lived with a very honest, kind man called Duncan Dhu Maclaren,” I

“Well, I know Duncan, and you give him the true name!” she said; “and if
he is an honest man, his wife is honest indeed.”

“Ay,” said I, “they are fine people, and the place is a bonny place.”

“Where in the great world is such another!” she cries; “I am loving the
smell of that place and the roots that grow there.”

I was infinitely taken with the spirit of the maid.  “I could be wishing
I had brought you a spray of that heather,” says I.  “And, though I did
ill to speak with you at the first, now it seems we have common
acquaintance, I make it my petition you will not forget me.  David
Balfour is the name I am known by.  This is my lucky day, when I have
just come into a landed estate, and am not very long out of a deadly
peril.  I wish you would keep my name in mind for the sake of
Balwhidder,” said I, “and I will yours for the sake of my lucky day.”

“My name is not spoken,” she replied, with a great deal of haughtiness.
“More than a hundred years it has not gone upon men’s tongues, save for a
blink.  I am nameless, like the Folk of Peace. {3}  Catriona Drummond is
the one I use.”

Now indeed I knew where I was standing.  In all broad Scotland there was
but the one name proscribed, and that was the name of the Macgregors.
Yet so far from fleeing this undesirable acquaintancy, I plunged the
deeper in.

“I have been sitting with one who was in the same case with yourself,”
said I, “and I think he will be one of your friends.  They called him
Robin Oig.”

“Did ye so?” cries she.  “Ye met Rob?”

“I passed the night with him,” said I.

“He is a fowl of the night,” said she.

“There was a set of pipes there,” I went on, “so you may judge if the
time passed.”

“You should be no enemy, at all events,” said she.  “That was his brother
there a moment since, with the red soldiers round him.  It is him that I
call father.”

“Is it so?” cried I.  “Are you a daughter of James More’s?”

“All the daughter that he has,” says she: “the daughter of a prisoner;
that I should forget it so, even for one hour, to talk with strangers!”

Here one of the gillies addressed her in what he had of English, to know
what “she” (meaning by that himself) was to do about “ta sneeshin.”  I
took some note of him for a short, bandy-legged, red-haired, big-headed
man, that I was to know more of to my cost.

“There can be none the day, Neil,” she replied.  “How will you get
‘sneeshin,’ wanting siller!  It will teach you another time to be more
careful; and I think James More will not be very well pleased with Neil
of the Tom.”

“Miss Drummond,” I said, “I told you I was in my lucky day.  Here I am,
and a bank-porter at my tail.  And remember I have had the hospitality of
your own country of Balwhidder.”

“It was not one of my people gave it,” said she.

“Ah, well,” said I, “but I am owing your uncle at least for some springs
upon the pipes.  Besides which, I have offered myself to be your friend,
and you have been so forgetful that you did not refuse me in the proper

“If it had been a great sum, it might have done you honour,” said she;
“but I will tell you what this is.  James More lies shackled in prison;
but this time past they will be bringing him down here daily to the
Advocate’s. . . .”

“The Advocate’s!” I cried.  “Is that . . . ?”

“It is the house of the Lord Advocate Grant of Prestongrange,” said she.
“There they bring my father one time and another, for what purpose I have
no thought in my mind; but it seems there is some hope dawned for him.
All this same time they will not let me be seeing him, nor yet him write;
and we wait upon the King’s street to catch him; and now we give him his
snuff as he goes by, and now something else.  And here is this son of
trouble, Neil, son of Duncan, has lost my four-penny piece that was to
buy that snuff, and James More must go wanting, and will think his
daughter has forgotten him.”

I took sixpence from my pocket, gave it to Neil, and bade him go about
his errand.  Then to her, “That sixpence came with me by Balwhidder,”
said I.

“Ah!” she said, “you are a friend to the Gregara!”

“I would not like to deceive you, either,” said I.  “I know very little
of the Gregara and less of James More and his doings, but since the while
I have been standing in this close, I seem to know something of yourself;
and if you will just say ‘a friend to Miss Catriona’ I will see you are
the less cheated.”

“The one cannot be without the other,” said she.

“I will even try,” said I.

“And what will you be thinking of myself!” she cried, “to be holding my
hand to the first stranger!”

“I am thinking nothing but that you are a good daughter,” said I.

“I must not be without repaying it,” she said; “where is it you stop!”

“To tell the truth, I am stopping nowhere yet,” said I, “being not full
three hours in the city; but if you will give me your direction, I will
be so bold as come seeking my sixpence for myself.”

“Will I can trust you for that?” she asked.

“You need have little fear,” said I.

“James More could not bear it else,” said she.  “I stop beyond the
village of Dean, on the north side of the water, with Mrs.
Drummond-Ogilvy of Allardyce, who is my near friend and will be glad to
thank you.”

“You are to see me, then, so soon as what I have to do permits,” said I;
and, the remembrance of Alan rolling in again upon my mind, I made haste
to say farewell.

I could not but think, even as I did so, that we had made extraordinary
free upon short acquaintance, and that a really wise young lady would
have shown herself more backward.  I think it was the bank-porter that
put me from this ungallant train of thought.

“I thoucht ye had been a lad of some kind o’ sense,” he began, shooting
out his lips.  “Ye’re no likely to gang far this gate.  A fule and his
siller’s shune parted.  Eh, but ye’re a green callant!” he cried, “an’ a
veecious, tae!  Cleikin’ up wi’ baubeejoes!”

“If you dare to speak of the young lady. . . ” I began.

“Leddy!” he cried.  “Haud us and safe us, whatten leddy?  Ca’ _thon_ a
leddy?  The toun’s fu’ o’ them.  Leddies!  Man, its weel seen ye’re no
very acquant in Embro!”

A clap of anger took me.

“Here,” said I, “lead me where I told you, and keep your foul mouth

He did not wholly obey me, for, though he no more addressed me directly,
he very impudent sang at me as he went in a manner of innuendo, and with
an exceedingly ill voice and ear—

    “As Mally Lee cam doun the street, her capuchin did flee,
    She cuist a look ahint her to see her negligee.
    And we’re a’ gaun east and wast, we’re a’ gann ajee,
    We’re a’ gaun east and wast courtin’ Mally Lee.”


Mr. Charles Stewart the Writer dwelt at the top of the longest stair ever
mason set a hand to; fifteen flights of it, no less; and when I had come
to his door, and a clerk had opened it, and told me his master was
within, I had scarce breath enough to send my porter packing.

“Awa’ east and west wi’ ye!” said I, took the money bag out of his hands,
and followed the clerk in.

The outer room was an office with the clerk’s chair at a table spread
with law papers.  In the inner chamber, which opened from it, a little
brisk man sat poring on a deed, from which he scarce raised his eyes on
my entrance; indeed, he still kept his finger in the place, as though
prepared to show me out and fall again to his studies.  This pleased me
little enough; and what pleased me less, I thought the clerk was in a
good posture to overhear what should pass between us.

I asked if he was Mr. Charles Stewart the Writer.

“The same,” says he; “and, if the question is equally fair, who may you
be yourself?”

“You never heard tell of my name nor of me either,” said I, “but I bring
you a token from a friend that you know well.  That you know well,” I
repeated, lowering my voice, “but maybe are not just so keen to hear from
at this present being.  And the bits of business that I have to propone
to you are rather in the nature of being confidential.  In short, I would
like to think we were quite private.”

He rose without more words, casting down his paper like a man
ill-pleased, sent forth his clerk of an errand, and shut to the
house-door behind him.

“Now, sir,” said he, returning, “speak out your mind and fear nothing;
though before you begin,” he cries out, “I tell you mine misgives me!  I
tell you beforehand, ye’re either a Stewart or a Stewart sent ye.  A good
name it is, and one it would ill-become my father’s son to lightly.  But
I begin to grue at the sound of it.”

“My name is called Balfour,” said I, “David Balfour of Shaws.  As for him
that sent me, I will let his token speak.”  And I showed the silver

“Put it in your pocket, sir!” cries he.  “Ye need name no names.  The
deevil’s buckie, I ken the button of him!  And de’il hae’t!  Where is he

I told him I knew not where Alan was, but he had some sure place (or
thought he had) about the north side, where he was to lie until a ship
was found for him; and how and where he had appointed to be spoken with.

“It’s been always my opinion that I would hang in a tow for this family
of mine,” he cried, “and, dod!  I believe the day’s come now!  Get a ship
for him, quot’ he!  And who’s to pay for it?  The man’s daft!”

“That is my part of the affair, Mr. Stewart,” said I.  “Here is a bag of
good money, and if more be wanted, more is to be had where it came from.”

“I needn’t ask your politics,” said he.

“Ye need not,” said I, smiling, “for I’m as big a Whig as grows.”

“Stop a bit, stop a bit,” says Mr. Stewart.  “What’s all this?  A Whig?
Then why are you here with Alan’s button? and what kind of a black-foot
traffic is this that I find ye out in, Mr. Whig?  Here is a forfeited
rebel and an accused murderer, with two hundred pounds on his life, and
ye ask me to meddle in his business, and then tell me ye’re a Whig!  I
have no mind of any such Whigs before, though I’ve kent plenty of them.”

“He’s a forfeited rebel, the more’s the pity,” said I, “for the man’s my
friend.  I can only wish he had been better guided.  And an accused
murderer, that he is too, for his misfortune; but wrongfully accused.”

“I hear you say so,” said Stewart.

“More than you are to hear me say so, before long,” said I.  “Alan Breck
is innocent, and so is James.”

“Oh!” says he, “the two cases hang together.  If Alan is out, James can
never be in.”

Hereupon I told him briefly of my acquaintance with Alan, of the accident
that brought me present at the Appin murder, and the various passages of
our escape among the heather, and my recovery of my estate.  “So, sir,
you have now the whole train of these events,” I went on, “and can see
for yourself how I come to be so much mingled up with the affairs of your
family and friends, which (for all of our sakes) I wish had been plainer
and less bloody.  You can see for yourself, too, that I have certain
pieces of business depending, which were scarcely fit to lay before a
lawyer chosen at random.  No more remains, but to ask if you will
undertake my service?”

“I have no great mind to it; but coming as you do with Alan’s button, the
choice is scarcely left me,” said he.  “What are your instructions?” he
added, and took up his pen.

“The first point is to smuggle Alan forth of this country,” said I, “but
I need not be repeating that.”

“I am little likely to forget it,” said Stewart.

“The next thing is the bit money I am owing to Cluny,” I went on.  “It
would be ill for me to find a conveyance, but that should be no stick to
you.  It was two pounds five shillings and three-halfpence farthing

He noted it.

“Then,” said I, “there’s a Mr. Henderland, a licensed preacher and
missionary in Ardgour, that I would like well to get some snuff into the
hands of; and, as I daresay you keep touch with your friends in Appin (so
near by), it’s a job you could doubtless overtake with the other.”

“How much snuff are we to say?” he asked.

“I was thinking of two pounds,” said I.

“Two,” said he.

“Then there’s the lass Alison Hastie, in Lime Kilns,” said I.  “Her that
helped Alan and me across the Forth.  I was thinking if I could get her a
good Sunday gown, such as she could wear with decency in her degree, it
would be an ease to my conscience; for the mere truth is, we owe her our
two lives.”

“I am glad so see you are thrifty, Mr. Balfour,” says he, making his

“I would think shame to be otherwise the first day of my fortune,” said
I.  “And now, if you will compute the outlay and your own proper charges,
I would be glad to know if I could get some spending-money back.  It’s
not that I grudge the whole of it to get Alan safe; it’s not that I lack
more; but having drawn so much the one day, I think it would have a very
ill appearance if I was back again seeking, the next.  Only be sure you
have enough,” I added, “for I am very undesirous to meet with you again.”

“Well, and I’m pleased to see you’re cautious, too,” said the Writer.
“But I think ye take a risk to lay so considerable a sum at my

He said this with a plain sneer.

“I’ll have to run the hazard,” I replied.  “O, and there’s another
service I would ask, and that’s to direct me to a lodging, for I have no
roof to my head.  But it must be a lodging I may seem to have hit upon by
accident, for it would never do if the Lord Advocate were to get any
jealousy of our acquaintance.”

“Ye may set your weary spirit at rest,” said he.  “I will never name your
name, sir; and it’s my belief the Advocate is still so much to be
sympathised with that he doesnae ken of your existence.”

I saw I had got to the wrong side of the man.

“There’s a braw day coming for him, then,” said I, “for he’ll have to
learn of it on the deaf side of his head no later than to-morrow, when I
call on him.”

“When ye _call_ on him!” repeated Mr. Stewart.  “Am I daft, or are you!
What takes ye near the Advocate!”

“O, just to give myself up,” said I.

“Mr. Balfour,” he cried, “are ye making a mock of me?”

“No, sir,” said I, “though I think you have allowed yourself some such
freedom with myself.  But I give you to understand once and for all that
I am in no jesting spirit.”

“Nor yet me,” says Stewart.  “And I give yon to understand (if that’s to
be the word) that I like the looks of your behaviour less and less.  You
come here to me with all sorts of propositions, which will put me in a
train of very doubtful acts and bring me among very undesirable persons
this many a day to come.  And then you tell me you’re going straight out
of my office to make your peace with the Advocate!  Alan’s button here or
Alan’s button there, the four quarters of Alan wouldnae bribe me further

“I would take it with a little more temper,” said I, “and perhaps we can
avoid what you object to.  I can see no way for it but to give myself up,
but perhaps you can see another; and if you could, I could never deny but
what I would be rather relieved.  For I think my traffic with his
lordship is little likely to agree with my health.  There’s just the one
thing clear, that I have to give my evidence; for I hope it’ll save
Alan’s character (what’s left of it), and James’s neck, which is the more

He was silent for a breathing-space, and then, “My man,” said he, “you’ll
never be allowed to give such evidence.”

“We’ll have to see about that,” said I; “I’m stiff-necked when I like.”

“Ye muckle ass!” cried Stewart, “it’s James they want; James has got to
hang—Alan, too, if they could catch him—but James whatever!  Go near the
Advocate with any such business, and you’ll see! he’ll find a way to
muzzle, ye.”

“I think better of the Advocate than that,” said I.

“The Advocate be dammed!” cries he.  “It’s the Campbells, man!  You’ll
have the whole clanjamfry of them on your back; and so will the Advocate
too, poor body!  It’s extraordinar ye cannot see where ye stand!  If
there’s no fair way to stop your gab, there’s a foul one gaping.  They
can put ye in the dock, do ye no see that?” he cried, and stabbed me with
one finger in the leg.

“Ay,” said I, “I was told that same no further back than this morning by
another lawyer.”

“And who was he?” asked Stewart, “He spoke sense at least.”

I told I must be excused from naming him, for he was a decent stout old
Whig, and had little mind to be mixed up in such affairs.

“I think all the world seems to be mixed up in it!” cries Stewart.  “But
what said you?”

“I told him what had passed between Rankeillor and myself before the
house of Shaws.

“Well, and so ye will hang!” said he.  “Ye’ll hang beside James Stewart.
There’s your fortune told.”

“I hope better of it yet than that,” said I; “but I could never deny
there was a risk.”

“Risk!” says he, and then sat silent again.  “I ought to thank you for
your staunchness to my friends, to whom you show a very good spirit,” he
says, “if you have the strength to stand by it.  But I warn you that
you’re wading deep.  I wouldn’t put myself in your place (me that’s a
Stewart born!) for all the Stewarts that ever there were since Noah.
Risk? ay, I take over-many; but to be tried in court before a Campbell
jury and a Campbell judge, and that in a Campbell country and upon a
Campbell quarrel—think what you like of me, Balfour, it’s beyond me.”

“It’s a different way of thinking, I suppose,” said I; “I was brought up
to this one by my father before me.”

“Glory to his bones! he has left a decent son to his name,” says he.
“Yet I would not have you judge me over-sorely.  My case is dooms hard.
See, sir, ye tell me ye’re a Whig: I wonder what I am.  No Whig to be
sure; I couldnae be just that.  But—laigh in your ear, man—I’m maybe no
very keen on the other side.”

“Is that a fact?” cried I.  “It’s what I would think of a man of your

“Hut! none of your whillywhas!” {4} cries he.  “There’s intelligence upon
both sides.  But for my private part I have no particular desire to harm
King George; and as for King James, God bless him! he does very well for
me across the water.  I’m a lawyer, ye see: fond of my books and my
bottle, a good plea, a well-drawn deed, a crack in the Parliament House
with other lawyer bodies, and perhaps a turn at the golf on a Saturday at
e’en.  Where do ye come in with your Hieland plaids and claymores?”

“Well,” said I, “it’s a fact ye have little of the wild Highlandman.”

“Little?” quoth he.  “Nothing, man!  And yet I’m Hieland born, and when
the clan pipes, who but me has to dance!  The clan and the name, that
goes by all.  It’s just what you said yourself; my father learned it to
me, and a bonny trade I have of it.  Treason and traitors, and the
smuggling of them out and in; and the French recruiting, weary fall it!
and the smuggling through of the recruits; and their pleas—a sorrow of
their pleas!  Here have I been moving one for young Ardsheil, my cousin;
claimed the estate under the marriage contract—a forfeited estate!  I
told them it was nonsense: muckle they cared!  And there was I cocking
behind a yadvocate that liked the business as little as myself, for it
was fair ruin to the pair of us—a black mark, _disaffected_, branded on
our hurdies, like folk’s names upon their kye!  And what can I do?  I’m a
Stewart, ye see, and must fend for my clan and family.  Then no later by
than yesterday there was one of our Stewart lads carried to the Castle.
What for?  I ken fine: Act of 1736: recruiting for King Lewie.  And
you’ll see, he’ll whistle me in to be his lawyer, and there’ll be another
black mark on my chara’ter!  I tell you fair: if I but kent the heid of a
Hebrew word from the hurdies of it, be dammed but I would fling the whole
thing up and turn minister!”

“It’s rather a hard position,” said I.

“Dooms hard!” cries he.  “And that’s what makes me think so much of
ye—you that’s no Stewart—to stick your head so deep in Stewart business.
And for what, I do not know: unless it was the sense of duty.”

“I hope it will be that,” said I.

“Well,” says he, “it’s a grand quality.  But here is my clerk back; and,
by your leave, we’ll pick a bit of dinner, all the three of us.  When
that’s done, I’ll give you the direction of a very decent man, that’ll be
very fain to have you for a lodger.  And I’ll fill your pockets to ye,
forbye, out of your ain bag.  For this business’ll not be near as dear as
ye suppose—not even the ship part of it.”

I made him a sign that his clerk was within hearing.

“Hoot, ye neednae mind for Robbie,” cries he.  “A Stewart, too, puir
deevil! and has smuggled out more French recruits and trafficking Papists
than what he has hairs upon his face.  Why, it’s Robin that manages that
branch of my affairs.  Who will we have now, Rob, for across the water!”

“There’ll be Andie Scougal, in the _Thristle_,” replied Rob.  “I saw
Hoseason the other day, but it seems he’s wanting the ship.  Then
there’ll be Tam Stobo; but I’m none so sure of Tam.  I’ve seen him
colloguing with some gey queer acquaintances; and if was anybody
important, I would give Tam the go-by.”

“The head’s worth two hundred pounds, Robin,” said Stewart.

“Gosh, that’ll no be Alan Breck!” cried the clerk.

“Just Alan,” said his master.

“Weary winds! that’s sayrious,” cried Robin.  “I’ll try Andie, then;
Andie’ll be the best.”

“It seems it’s quite a big business,” I observed.

“Mr. Balfour, there’s no end to it,” said Stewart.

“There was a name your clerk mentioned,” I went on: “Hoseason.  That must
be my man, I think: Hoseason, of the brig _Covenant_.  Would you set your
trust on him?”

“He didnae behave very well to you and Alan,” said Mr. Stewart; “but my
mind of the man in general is rather otherwise.  If he had taken Alan on
board his ship on an agreement, it’s my notion he would have proved a
just dealer.  How say ye, Rob?”

“No more honest skipper in the trade than Eli,” said the clerk.  “I would
lippen to {5} Eli’s word—ay, if it was the Chevalier, or Appin himsel’,”
he added.

“And it was him that brought the doctor, wasnae’t?” asked the master.

“He was the very man,” said the clerk.

“And I think he took the doctor back?” says Stewart.

“Ay, with his sporran full!” cried Robin.  “And Eli kent of that!” {6}

“Well, it seems it’s hard to ken folk rightly,” said I.

“That was just what I forgot when ye came in, Mr. Balfour!” says the


The next morning, I was no sooner awake in my new lodging than I was up
and into my new clothes; and no sooner the breakfast swallowed, than I
was forth on my adventurers.  Alan, I could hope, was fended for; James
was like to be a more difficult affair, and I could not but think that
enterprise might cost me dear, even as everybody said to whom I had
opened my opinion.  It seemed I was come to the top of the mountain only
to cast myself down; that I had clambered up, through so many and hard
trials, to be rich, to be recognised, to wear city clothes and a sword to
my side, all to commit mere suicide at the last end of it, and the worst
kind of suicide, besides, which is to get hanged at the King’s charges.

What was I doing it for? I asked, as I went down the high Street and out
north by Leith Wynd.  First I said it was to save James Stewart; and no
doubt the memory of his distress, and his wife’s cries, and a word or so
I had let drop on that occasion worked upon me strongly.  At the same
time I reflected that it was (or ought to be) the most indifferent matter
to my father’s son, whether James died in his bed or from a scaffold.  He
was Alan’s cousin, to be sure; but so far as regarded Alan, the best
thing would be to lie low, and let the King, and his Grace of Argyll, and
the corbie crows, pick the bones of his kinsman their own way.  Nor could
I forget that, while we were all in the pot together, James had shown no
such particular anxiety whether for Alan or me.

Next it came upon me I was acting for the sake of justice: and I thought
that a fine word, and reasoned it out that (since we dwelt in polities,
at some discomfort to each one of us) the main thing of all must still be
justice, and the death of any innocent man a wound upon the whole
community.  Next, again, it was the Accuser of the Brethren that gave me
a turn of his argument; bade me think shame for pretending myself
concerned in these high matters, and told me I was but a prating vain
child, who had spoken big words to Rankeillor and to Stewart, and held
myself bound upon my vanity to make good that boastfulness.  Nay, and he
hit me with the other end of the stick; for he accused me of a kind of
artful cowardice, going about at the expense of a little risk to purchase
greater safety.  No doubt, until I had declared and cleared myself, I
might any day encounter Mungo Campbell or the sheriff’s officer, and be
recognised, and dragged into the Appin murder by the heels; and, no
doubt, in case I could manage my declaration with success, I should
breathe more free for ever after.  But when I looked this argument full
in the face I could see nothing to be ashamed of.  As for the rest, “Here
are the two roads,” I thought, “and both go to the same place.  It’s
unjust that James should hang if I can save him; and it would be
ridiculous in me to have talked so much and then do nothing.  It’s lucky
for James of the Glens that I have boasted beforehand; and none so
unlucky for myself, because now I’m committed to do right.  I have the
name of a gentleman and the means of one; it would be a poor duty that I
was wanting in the essence.”  And then I thought this was a Pagan spirit,
and said a prayer in to myself, asking for what courage I might lack, and
that I might go straight to my duty like a soldier to battle, and come
off again scatheless, as so many do.

This train of reasoning brought me to a more resolved complexion; though
it was far from closing up my sense of the dangers that surrounded me,
nor of how very apt I was (if I went on) to stumble on the ladder of the
gallows.  It was a plain, fair morning, but the wind in the east.  The
little chill of it sang in my blood, and gave me a feeling of the autumn,
and the dead leaves, and dead folks’ bodies in their graves.  It seemed
the devil was in it, if I was to die in that tide of my fortunes and for
other folks’ affairs.  On the top of the Calton Hill, though it was not
the customary time of year for that diversion, some children were crying
and running with their kites.  These toys appeared very plain against the
sky; I remarked a great one soar on the wind to a high altitude and then
plump among the whins; and I thought to myself at sight of it, “There
goes Davie.”

My way lay over Mouter’s Hill, and through an end of a clachan on the
braeside among fields.  There was a whirr of looms in it went from house
to house; bees bummed in the gardens; the neighbours that I saw at the
doorsteps talked in a strange tongue; and I found out later that this was
Picardy, a village where the French weavers wrought for the Linen
Company.  Here I got a fresh direction for Pilrig, my destination; and a
little beyond, on the wayside, came by a gibbet and two men hanged in
chains.  They were dipped in tar, as the manner is; the wind span them,
the chains clattered, and the birds hung about the uncanny jumping-jacks
and cried.  The sight coming on me suddenly, like an illustration of my
fears, I could scarce be done with examining it and drinking in
discomfort.  And, as I thus turned and turned about the gibbet, what
should I strike on, but a weird old wife, that sat behind a leg of it,
and nodded, and talked aloud to herself with becks and courtesies.

“Who are these two, mother?” I asked, and pointed to the corpses.

“A blessing on your precious face!” she cried.  “Twa joes {7} o’mine:
just two o’ my old joes, my hinny dear.”

“What did they suffer for?” I asked.

“Ou, just for the guid cause,” said she.  “Aften I spaed to them the way
that it would end.  Twa shillin’ Scots: no pickle mair; and there are twa
bonny callants hingin’ for ’t!  They took it frae a wean {8} belanged to

“Ay!” said I to myself, and not to the daft limmer, “and did they come to
such a figure for so poor a business?  This is to lose all indeed.”

“Gie’s your loof, {9} hinny,” says she, “and let me spae your weird to

“No, mother,” said I, “I see far enough the way I am.  It’s an unco thing
to see too far in front.”

“I read it in your bree,” she said.  “There’s a bonnie lassie that has
bricht een, and there’s a wee man in a braw coat, and a big man in a
pouthered wig, and there’s the shadow of the wuddy, {10} joe, that lies
braid across your path.  Gie’s your loof, hinny, and let Auld Merren spae
it to ye bonny.”

The two chance shots that seemed to point at Alan and the daughter of
James More struck me hard; and I fled from the eldritch creature, casting
her a baubee, which she continued to sit and play with under the moving
shadows of the hanged.

My way down the causeway of Leith Walk would have been more pleasant to
me but for this encounter.  The old rampart ran among fields, the like of
them I had never seen for artfulness of agriculture; I was pleased,
besides, to be so far in the still countryside; but the shackles of the
gibbet clattered in my head; and the mope and mows of the old witch, and
the thought of the dead men, hag-rode my spirits.  To hang on a gallows,
that seemed a hard case; and whether a man came to hang there for two
shillings Scots, or (as Mr. Stewart had it) from the sense of duty, once
he was tarred and shackled and hung up, the difference seemed small.
There might David Balfour hang, and other lads pass on their errands and
think light of him; and old daft limmers sit at a leg-foot and spae their
fortunes; and the clean genty maids go by, and look to the other aide,
and hold a nose.  I saw them plain, and they had grey eyes, and their
screens upon their heads were of the Drummed colours.

I was thus in the poorest of spirits, though still pretty resolved, when
I came in view of Pilrig, a pleasant gabled house set by the walkside
among some brave young woods.  The laird’s horse was standing saddled at
the door as I came up, but himself was in the study, where he received me
in the midst of learned works and musical instruments, for he was not
only a deep philosopher but much of a musician.  He greeted me at first
pretty well, and when he had read Rankeillor’s letter, placed himself
obligingly at my disposal.

“And what is it, cousin David!” said he—“since it appears that we are
cousins—what is this that I can do for you!  A word to Prestongrange!
Doubtless that is easily given.  But what should be the word?”

“Mr. Balfour,” said I, “if I were to tell you my whole story the way it
fell out, it’s my opinion (and it was Rankeillor’s before me) that you
would be very little made up with it.”

“I am sorry to hear this of you, kinsman,” says he.

“I must not take that at your hands, Mr. Balfour,” said I; “I have
nothing to my charge to make me sorry, or you for me, but just the common
infirmities of mankind.  ‘The guilt of Adam’s first sin, the want of
original righteousness, and the corruption of my whole nature,’ so much I
must answer for, and I hope I have been taught where to look for help,” I
said; for I judged from the look of the man he would think the better of
me if I knew my questions. {11}  “But in the way of worldly honour I have
no great stumble to reproach myself with; and my difficulties have
befallen me very much against my will and (by all that I can see) without
my fault.  My trouble is to have become dipped in a political
complication, which it is judged you would be blythe to avoid a knowledge

“Why, very well, Mr. David,” he replied, “I am pleased to see you are all
that Rankeillor represented.  And for what you say of political
complications, you do me no more than justice.  It is my study to be
beyond suspicion, and indeed outside the field of it.  The question is,”
says he, “how, if I am to know nothing of the matter, I can very well
assist you?”

“Why sir,” said I, “I propose you should write to his lordship, that I am
a young man of reasonable good family and of good means: both of which I
believe to be the case.”

“I have Rankeillor’s word for it,” said Mr. Balfour, “and I count that a
warran-dice against all deadly.”

“To which you might add (if you will take my word for so much) that I am
a good churchman, loyal to King George, and so brought up,” I went on.

“None of which will do you any harm,” said Mr. Balfour.

“Then you might go on to say that I sought his lordship on a matter of
great moment, connected with His Majesty’s service and the administration
of justice,” I suggested.

“As I am not to hear the matter,” says the laird, “I will not take upon
myself to qualify its weight.  ‘Great moment’ therefore falls, and
‘moment’ along with it.  For the rest I might express myself much as you

“And then, sir,” said I, and rubbed my neck a little with my thumb, “then
I would be very desirous if you could slip in a word that might perhaps
tell for my protection.”

“Protection?” says he, “for your protection!  Here is a phrase that
somewhat dampens me.  If the matter be so dangerous, I own I would be a
little loath to move in it blindfold.”

“I believe I could indicate in two words where the thing sticks,” said I.

“Perhaps that would be the best,” said he.

“Well, it’s the Appin murder,” said I.

He held up both his hands.  “Sirs! sirs!” cried he.

I thought by the expression of his face and voice that I had lost my

“Let me explain. . .” I began.

“I thank you kindly, I will hear no more of it,” says he.  “I decline _in
toto_ to hear more of it.  For your name’s sake and Rankeillor’s, and
perhaps a little for your own, I will do what I can to help you; but I
will hear no more upon the facts.  And it is my first clear duty to warn
you.  These are deep waters, Mr. David, and you are a young man.  Be
cautious and think twice.”

“It is to be supposed I will have thought oftener than that, Mr.
Balfour,” said I, “and I will direct your attention again to Rankeillor’s
letter, where (I hope and believe) he has registered his approval of that
which I design.”

“Well, well,” said he; and then again, “Well, well!  I will do what I can
for you.”  There with he took a pen and paper, sat a while in thought,
and began to write with much consideration.  “I understand that
Rankeillor approved of what you have in mind?” he asked presently.

“After some discussion, sir, he bade me to go forward in God’s name,”
said I.

“That is the name to go in,” said Mr. Balfour, and resumed his writing.
Presently, he signed, re-read what he had written, and addressed me
again.  “Now here, Mr. David,” said he, “is a letter of introduction,
which I will seal without closing, and give into your hands open, as the
form requires.  But, since I am acting in the dark, I will just read it
to you, so that you may see if it will secure your end—

                                             “PILRIG, _August_ 26th, 1751.

    “My Lord,—This is to bring to your notice my namesake and cousin,
    David Balfour Esquire of Shaws, a young gentleman of unblemished
    descent and good estate.  He has enjoyed, besides, the more valuable
    advantages of a godly training, and his political principles are all
    that your lordship can desire.  I am not in Mr. Balfour’s confidence,
    but I understand him to have a matter to declare, touching His
    Majesty’s service and the administration of justice; purposes for
    which your Lordship’s zeal is known.  I should add that the young
    gentleman’s intention is known to and approved by some of his
    friends, who will watch with hopeful anxiety the event of his success
    or failure.

“Whereupon,” continued Mr. Balfour, “I have subscribed myself with the
usual compliments.  You observe I have said ‘some of your friends’; I
hope you can justify my plural?”

“Perfectly, sir; my purpose is known and approved by more than one,” said
I.  “And your letter, which I take a pleasure to thank you for, is all I
could have hoped.”

“It was all I could squeeze out,” said he; “and from what I know of the
matter you design to meddle in, I can only pray God that it may prove


My kinsman kept me to a meal, “for the honour of the roof,” he said; and
I believe I made the better speed on my return.  I had no thought but to
be done with the next stage, and have myself fully committed; to a person
circumstanced as I was, the appearance of closing a door on hesitation
and temptation was itself extremely tempting; and I was the more
disappointed, when I came to Prestongrange’s house, to be informed he was
abroad.  I believe it was true at the moment, and for some hours after;
and then I have no doubt the Advocate came home again, and enjoyed
himself in a neighbouring chamber among friends, while perhaps the very
fact of my arrival was forgotten.  I would have gone away a dozen times,
only for this strong drawing to have done with my declaration out of hand
and be able to lay me down to sleep with a free conscience.  At first I
read, for the little cabinet where I was left contained a variety of
books.  But I fear I read with little profit; and the weather falling
cloudy, the dusk coming up earlier than usual, and my cabinet being
lighted with but a loophole of a window, I was at last obliged to desist
from this diversion (such as it was), and pass the rest of my time of
waiting in a very burthensome vacuity.  The sound of people talking in a
near chamber, the pleasant note of a harpsichord, and once the voice of a
lady singing, bore me a kind of company.

I do not know the hour, but the darkness was long come, when the door of
the cabinet opened, and I was aware, by the light behind him, of a tall
figure of a man upon the threshold.  I rose at once.

“Is anybody there?” he asked.  “Who in that?”

“I am bearer of a letter from the laird of Pilrig to the Lord Advocate,”
said I.

“Have you been here long?” he asked.

“I would not like to hazard an estimate of how many hours,” said I.

“It is the first I hear of it,” he replied, with a chuckle.  “The lads
must have forgotten you.  But you are in the bit at last, for I am

So saying, he passed before me into the next room, whither (upon his
sign) I followed him, and where he lit a candle and took his place before
a business-table.  It was a long room, of a good proportion, wholly lined
with books.  That small spark of light in a corner struck out the man’s
handsome person and strong face.  He was flushed, his eye watered and
sparkled, and before he sat down I observed him to sway back and forth.
No doubt, he had been supping liberally; but his mind and tongue were
under full control.

“Well, sir, sit ye down,” said he, “and let us see Pilrig’s letter.”

He glanced it through in the beginning carelessly, looking up and bowing
when he came to my name; but at the last words I thought I observed his
attention to redouble, and I made sure he read them twice.  All this
while you are to suppose my heart was beating, for I had now crossed my
Rubicon and was come fairly on the field of battle.

“I am pleased to make your acquaintance, Mr. Balfour,” he said, when he
had done.  “Let me offer you a glass of claret.”

“Under your favour, my lord, I think it would scarce be fair on me,” said
I.  “I have come here, as the letter will have mentioned, on a business
of some gravity to myself; and, as I am little used with wine, I might be
the sooner affected.”

“You shall be the judge,” said he.  “But if you will permit, I believe I
will even have the bottle in myself.”

He touched a bell, and a footman came, as at a signal, bringing wine and

“You are sure you will not join me?” asked the Advocate.  “Well, here is
to our better acquaintance!  In what way can I serve you?”

“I should, perhaps, begin by telling you, my lord, that I am here at your
own pressing invitation,” said I.

“You have the advantage of me somewhere,” said he, “for I profess I think
I never heard of you before this evening.”

“Right, my lord; the name is, indeed, new to you,” said I.  “And yet you
have been for some time extremely wishful to make my acquaintance, and
have declared the same in public.”

“I wish you would afford me a clue,” says he.  “I am no Daniel.”

“It will perhaps serve for such,” said I, “that if I was in a jesting
humour—which is far from the case—I believe I might lay a claim on your
lordship for two hundred pounds.”

“In what sense?” he inquired.

“In the sense of rewards offered for my person,” said I.

He thrust away his glass once and for all, and sat straight up in the
chair where he had been previously lolling.  “What am I to understand?”
said he.

“_A tall strong lad of about eighteen_,” I quoted, “_speaks like a
Lowlander and has no beard_.”

“I recognise those words,” said he, “which, if you have come here with
any ill-judged intention of amusing yourself, are like to prove extremely
prejudicial to your safety.”

“My purpose in this,” I replied, “is just entirely as serious as life and
death, and you have understood me perfectly.  I am the boy who was
speaking with Glenure when he was shot.”

“I can only suppose (seeing you here) that you claim to be innocent,”
said he.

“The inference is clear,” I said.  “I am a very loyal subject to King
George, but if I had anything to reproach myself with, I would have had
more discretion than to walk into your den.”

“I am glad of that,” said he.  “This horrid crime, Mr. Balfour, is of a
dye which cannot permit any clemency.  Blood has been barbarously shed.
It has been shed in direct opposition to his Majesty and our whole frame
of laws, by those who are their known and public oppugnants.  I take a
very high sense of this.  I will not deny that I consider the crime as
directly personal to his Majesty.”

“And unfortunately, my lord,” I added, a little drily, “directly personal
to another great personage who may be nameless.”

“If you mean anything by those words, I must tell you I consider them
unfit for a good subject; and were they spoke publicly I should make it
my business to take note of them,” said he.  “You do not appear to me to
recognise the gravity of your situation, or you would be more careful not
to pejorate the same by words which glance upon the purity of justice.
Justice, in this country, and in my poor hands, is no respecter of

“You give me too great a share in my own speech, my lord,” said I.  “I
did but repeat the common talk of the country, which I have heard
everywhere, and from men of all opinions as I came along.”

“When you are come to more discretion you will understand such talk in
not to be listened to, how much less repeated,” says the Advocate.  “But
I acquit you of an ill intention.  That nobleman, whom we all honour, and
who has indeed been wounded in a near place by the late barbarity, sits
too high to be reached by these aspersions.  The Duke of Argyle—you see
that I deal plainly with you—takes it to heart as I do, and as we are
both bound to do by our judicial functions and the service of his
Majesty; and I could wish that all hands, in this ill age, were equally
clean of family rancour.  But from the accident that this is a Campbell
who has fallen martyr to his duty—as who else but the Campbells have ever
put themselves foremost on that path?—I may say it, who am no
Campbell—and that the chief of that great house happens (for all our
advantages) to be the present head of the College of Justice, small minds
and disaffected tongues are set agog in every changehouse in the country;
and I find a young gentleman like Mr. Balfour so ill-advised as to make
himself their echo.”  So much he spoke with a very oratorical delivery,
as if in court, and then declined again upon the manner of a gentleman.
“All this apart,” said he.  “It now remains that I should learn what I am
to do with you.”

“I had thought it was rather I that should learn the same from your
lordship,” said I.

“Ay, true,” says the Advocate.  “But, you see, you come to me well
recommended.  There is a good honest Whig name to this letter,” says he,
picking it up a moment from the table.  “And—extra-judicially, Mr.
Balfour—there is always the possibility of some arrangement, I tell you,
and I tell you beforehand that you may be the more upon your guard, your
fate lies with me singly.  In such a matter (be it said with reverence) I
am more powerful than the King’s Majesty; and should you please me—and of
course satisfy my conscience—in what remains to be held of our interview,
I tell you it may remain between ourselves.”

“Meaning how?” I asked.

“Why, I mean it thus, Mr. Balfour,” said he, “that if you give
satisfaction, no soul need know so much as that you visited my house; and
you may observe that I do not even call my clerk.”

I saw what way he was driving.  “I suppose it is needless anyone should
be informed upon my visit,” said I, “though the precise nature of my
gains by that I cannot see.  I am not at all ashamed of coming here.”

“And have no cause to be,” says he, encouragingly.  “Nor yet (if you are
careful) to fear the consequences.”

“My lord,” said I, “speaking under your correction, I am not very easy to
be frightened.”

“And I am sure I do not seek to frighten you,” says he.  “But to the
interrogation; and let me warn you to volunteer nothing beyond the
questions I shall ask you.  It may consist very immediately with your
safety.  I have a great discretion, it is true, but there are bounds to

“I shall try to follow your lordship’s advice,” said I.

He spread a sheet of paper on the table and wrote a heading.  “It appears
you were present, by the way, in the wood of Lettermore at the moment of
the fatal shot,” he began.  “Was this by accident?”

“By accident,” said I.

“How came you in speech with Colin Campbell?” he asked.

“I was inquiring my way of him to Aucharn,” I replied.

I observed he did not write this answer down.

“H’m, true,” said he, “I had forgotten that.  And do you know, Mr.
Balfour, I would dwell, if I were you, as little as might be on your
relations with these Stewarts.  It might be found to complicate our
business.  I am not yet inclined to regard these matters as essential.”

“I had thought, my lord, that all points of fact were equally material in
such a case,” said I.

“You forget we are now trying these Stewarts,” he replied, with great
significance.  “If we should ever come to be trying you, it will be very
different; and I shall press these very questions that I am now willing
to glide upon.  But to resume: I have it here in Mr. Mungo Campbell’s
precognition that you ran immediately up the brae.  How came that?”

“Not immediately, my lord, and the cause was my seeing of the murderer.”

“You saw him, then?”

“As plain as I see your lordship, though not so near hand.”

“You know him?”

“I should know him again.”

“In your pursuit you were not so fortunate, then, as to overtake him?”

“I was not.”

“Was he alone?”

“He was alone.”

“There was no one else in that neighbourhood?”

“Alan Breck Stewart was not far off, in a piece of a wood.”

The Advocate laid his pen down.  “I think we are playing at cross
purposes,” said he, “which you will find to prove a very ill amusement
for yourself.”

“I content myself with following your lordship’s advice, and answering
what I am asked,” said I.

“Be so wise as to bethink yourself in time,” said he, “I use you with the
most anxious tenderness, which you scarce seem to appreciate, and which
(unless you be more careful) may prove to be in vain.”

“I do appreciate your tenderness, but conceive it to be mistaken,” I
replied, with something of a falter, for I saw we were come to grips at
last.  “I am here to lay before you certain information, by which I shall
convince you Alan had no hand whatever in the killing of Glenure.”

The Advocate appeared for a moment at a stick, sitting with pursed lips,
and blinking his eyes upon me like an angry cat.  “Mr. Balfour,” he said
at last, “I tell you pointedly you go an ill way for your own interests.”

“My lord,” I said, “I am as free of the charge of considering my own
interests in this matter as your lordship.  As God judges me, I have but
the one design, and that is to see justice executed and the innocent go
clear.  If in pursuit of that I come to fall under your lordship’s
displeasure, I must bear it as I may.”

At this he rose from his chair, lit a second candle, and for a while
gazed upon me steadily.  I was surprised to see a great change of gravity
fallen upon his face, and I could have almost thought he was a little

“You are either very simple, or extremely the reverse, and I see that I
must deal with you more confidentially,” says he.  “This is a political
case—ah, yes, Mr. Balfour! whether we like it or no, the case is
political—and I tremble when I think what issues may depend from it.  To
a political case, I need scarce tell a young man of your education, we
approach with very different thoughts from one which is criminal only.
_Salus populi suprema lex_ is a maxim susceptible of great abuse, but it
has that force which we find elsewhere only in the laws of nature: I mean
it has the force of necessity.  I will open this out to you, if you will
allow me, at more length.  You would have me believe—”

“Under your pardon, my lord, I would have you to believe nothing but that
which I can prove,” said I.

“Tut! tut; young gentleman,” says he, “be not so pragmatical, and suffer
a man who might be your father (if it was nothing more) to employ his own
imperfect language, and express his own poor thoughts, even when they
have the misfortune not to coincide with Mr. Balfour’s.  You would have
me to believe Breck innocent.  I would think this of little account, the
more so as we cannot catch our man.  But the matter of Breck’s innocence
shoots beyond itself.  Once admitted, it would destroy the whole
presumptions of our case against another and a very different criminal; a
man grown old in treason, already twice in arms against his king and
already twice forgiven; a fomentor of discontent, and (whoever may have
fired the shot) the unmistakable original of the deed in question.  I
need not tell you that I mean James Stewart.”

“And I can just say plainly that the innocence of Alan and of James is
what I am here to declare in private to your lordship, and what I am
prepared to establish at the trial by my testimony,” said I.

“To which I can only answer by an equal plainness, Mr. Balfour,” said he,
“that (in that case) your testimony will not be called by me, and I
desire you to withhold it altogether.”

“You are at the head of Justice in this country,” I cried, “and you
propose to me a crime!”

“I am a man nursing with both hands the interests of this country,” he
replied, “and I press on you a political necessity.  Patriotism is not
always moral in the formal sense.  You might be glad of it, I think: it
is your own protection; the facts are heavy against you; and if I am
still trying to except you from a very dangerous place, it is in part of
course because I am not insensible to your honesty in coming here; in
part because of Pilrig’s letter; but in part, and in chief part, because
I regard in this matter my political duty first and my judicial duty only
second.  For the same reason—I repeat it to you in the same frank words—I
do not want your testimony.”

“I desire not to be thought to make a repartee, when I express only the
plain sense of our position,” said I.  “But if your lordship has no need
of my testimony, I believe the other side would be extremely blythe to
get it.”

Prestongrange arose and began to pace to and fro in the room.  “You are
not so young,” he said, “but what you must remember very clearly the year
’45 and the shock that went about the country.  I read in Pilrig’s letter
that you are sound in Kirk and State.  Who saved them in that fatal year?
I do not refer to His Royal Highness and his ramrods, which were
extremely useful in their day; but the country had been saved and the
field won before ever Cumberland came upon Drummossie.  Who saved it?  I
repeat; who saved the Protestant religion and the whole frame of our
civil institutions?  The late Lord President Culloden, for one; he played
a man’s part, and small thanks he got for it—even as I, whom you see
before you, straining every nerve in the same service, look for no reward
beyond the conscience of my duties done.  After the President, who else?
You know the answer as well as I do; ’tis partly a scandal, and you
glanced at it yourself, and I reproved you for it, when you first came
in.  It was the Duke and the great clan of Campbell.  Now here is a
Campbell foully murdered, and that in the King’s service.  The Duke and I
are Highlanders.  But we are Highlanders civilised, and it is not so with
the great mass of our clans and families.  They have still savage virtues
and defects.  They are still barbarians, like these Stewarts; only the
Campbells were barbarians on the right side, and the Stewarts were
barbarians on the wrong.  Now be you the judge.  The Campbells expect
vengeance.  If they do not get it—if this man James escape—there will be
trouble with the Campbells.  That means disturbance in the Highlands,
which are uneasy and very far from being disarmed: the disarming is a
farce. . .”

“I can bear you out in that,” said I.

“Disturbance in the Highlands makes the hour of our old watchful enemy,”
pursued his lordship, holding out a finger as he paced; “and I give you
my word we may have a ’45 again with the Campbells on the other side.  To
protect the life of this man Stewart—which is forfeit already on
half-a-dozen different counts if not on this—do you propose to plunge
your country in war, to jeopardise the faith of your fathers, and to
expose the lives and fortunes of how many thousand innocent persons? . . .
These are considerations that weigh with me, and that I hope will
weigh no less with yourself, Mr. Balfour, as a lover of your country,
good government, and religious truth.”

“You deal with me very frankly, and I thank you for it,” said I.  “I will
try on my side to be no less honest.  I believe your policy to be sound.
I believe these deep duties may lie upon your lordship; I believe you may
have laid them on your conscience when you took the oath of the high
office which you hold.  But for me, who am just a plain man—or scarce a
man yet—the plain duties must suffice.  I can think but of two things, of
a poor soul in the immediate and unjust danger of a shameful death, and
of the cries and tears of his wife that still tingle in my head.  I
cannot see beyond, my lord.  It’s the way that I am made.  If the country
has to fall, it has to fall.  And I pray God, if this be wilful
blindness, that He may enlighten me before too late.”

He had heard me motionless, and stood so a while longer.

“This is an unexpected obstacle,” says he, aloud, but to himself.

“And how is your lordship to dispose of me?” I asked.

“If I wished,” said he, “you know that you might sleep in gaol?”

“My lord,” said I, “I have slept in worse places.”

“Well, my boy,” said he, “there is one thing appears very plainly from
our interview, that I may rely on your pledged word.  Give me your honour
that you will be wholly secret, not only on what has passed to-night, but
in the matter of the Appin case, and I let you go free.”

“I will give it till to-morrow or any other near day that you may please
to set,” said I.  “I would not be thought too wily; but if I gave the
promise without qualification your lordship would have attained his end.”

“I had no thought to entrap you,” said he.

“I am sure of that,” said I.

“Let me see,” he continued.  “To-morrow is the Sabbath.  Come to me on
Monday by eight in the morning, and give me your promise until then.”

“Freely given, my lord,” said I.  “And with regard to what has fallen
from yourself, I will give it for an long as it shall please God to spare
your days.”

“You will observe,” he said next, “that I have made no employment of

“It was like your lordship’s nobility,” said I.  “Yet I am not altogether
so dull but what I can perceive the nature of those you have not

“Well,” said he, “good-night to you.  May you sleep well, for I think it
is more than I am like to do.”

With that he sighed, took up a candle, and gave me his conveyance as far
as the street door.


The next day, Sabbath, August 27th, I had the occasion I had long looked
forward to, to hear some of the famous Edinburgh preachers, all well
known to me already by the report of Mr Campbell.  Alas! and I might just
as well have been at Essendean, and sitting under Mr. Campbell’s worthy
self! the turmoil of my thoughts, which dwelt continually on the
interview with Prestongrange, inhibiting me from all attention.  I was
indeed much less impressed by the reasoning of the divines than by the
spectacle of the thronged congregation in the churches, like what I
imagined of a theatre or (in my then disposition) of an assize of trial;
above all at the West Kirk, with its three tiers of galleries, where I
went in the vain hope that I might see Miss Drummond.

On the Monday I betook me for the first time to a barber’s, and was very
well pleased with the result.  Thence to the Advocate’s, where the red
coats of the soldiers showed again about his door, making a bright place
in the close.  I looked about for the young lady and her gillies: there
was never a sign of them.  But I was no sooner shown into the cabinet or
antechamber where I had spent so wearyful a time upon the Saturday, than
I was aware of the tall figure of James More in a corner.  He seemed a
prey to a painful uneasiness, reaching forth his feet and hands, and his
eyes speeding here and there without rest about the walls of the small
chamber, which recalled to me with a sense of pity the man’s wretched
situation.  I suppose it was partly this, and partly my strong continuing
interest in his daughter, that moved me to accost him.

“Give you a good-morning, sir,” said I.

“And a good-morning to you, sir,” said he.

“You bide tryst with Prestongrange?” I asked.

“I do, sir, and I pray your business with that gentleman be more
agreeable than mine,” was his reply.

“I hope at least that yours will be brief, for I suppose you pass before
me,” said I.

“All pass before me,” he said, with a shrug and a gesture upward of the
open hands.  “It was not always so, sir, but times change.  It was not so
when the sword was in the scale, young gentleman, and the virtues of the
soldier might sustain themselves.”

There came a kind of Highland snuffle out of the man that raised my
dander strangely.

“Well, Mr. Macgregor,” said I, “I understand the main thing for a soldier
is to be silent, and the first of his virtues never to complain.”

“You have my name, I perceive”—he bowed to me with his arms
crossed—“though it’s one I must not use myself.  Well, there is a
publicity—I have shown my face and told my name too often in the beards
of my enemies.  I must not wonder if both should be known to many that I
know not.”

“That you know not in the least, sir,” said I, “nor yet anybody else; but
the name I am called, if you care to hear it, is Balfour.”

“It is a good name,” he replied, civilly; “there are many decent folk
that use it.  And now that I call to mind, there was a young gentleman,
your namesake, that marched surgeon in the year ’45 with my battalion.”

“I believe that would be a brother to Balfour of Baith,” said I, for I
was ready for the surgeon now.

“The same, sir,” said James More.  “And since I have been fellow-soldier
with your kinsman, you must suffer me to grasp your hand.”

He shook hands with me long and tenderly, beaming on me the while as
though he had found a brother.

“Ah!” says he, “these are changed days since your cousin and I heard the
balls whistle in our lugs.”

“I think he was a very far-away cousin,” said I, drily, “and I ought to
tell you that I never clapped eyes upon the man.”

“Well, well,” said he, “it makes no change.  And you—I do not think you
were out yourself, sir—I have no clear mind of your face, which is one
not probable to be forgotten.”

“In the year you refer to, Mr. Macgregor, I was getting skelped in the
parish school,” said I.

“So young!” cries he.  “Ah, then, you will never be able to think what
this meeting is to me.  In the hour of my adversity, and here in the
house of my enemy, to meet in with the blood of an old brother-in-arms—it
heartens me, Mr. Balfour, like the skirling of the highland pipes!  Sir,
this is a sad look back that many of us have to make: some with falling
tears.  I have lived in my own country like a king; my sword, my
mountains, and the faith of my friends and kinsmen sufficed for me.  Now
I lie in a stinking dungeon; and do you know, Mr. Balfour,” he went on,
taking my arm and beginning to lead me about, “do you know, sir, that I
lack mere ne_cess_aries?  The malice of my foes has quite sequestered my
resources.  I lie, as you know, sir, on a trumped-up charge, of which I
am as innocent as yourself.  They dare not bring me to my trial, and in
the meanwhile I am held naked in my prison.  I could have wished it was
your cousin I had met, or his brother Baith himself.  Either would, I
know, have been rejoiced to help me; while a comparative stranger like

I would be ashamed to set down all he poured out to me in this beggarly
vein, or the very short and grudging answers that I made to him.  There
were times when I was tempted to stop his mouth with some small change;
but whether it was from shame or pride—whether it was for my own sake or
Catriona’s—whether it was because I thought him no fit father for his
daughter, or because I resented that grossness of immediate falsity that
clung about the man himself—the thing was clean beyond me.  And I was
still being wheedled and preached to, and still being marched to and fro,
three steps and a turn, in that small chamber, and had already, by some
very short replies, highly incensed, although not finally discouraged, my
beggar, when Prestongrange appeared in the doorway and bade me eagerly
into his big chamber.

“I have a moment’s engagements,” said he; “and that you may not sit
empty-handed I am going to present you to my three braw daughters, of
whom perhaps you may have heard, for I think they are more famous than
papa.  This way.”

He led me into another long room above, where a dry old lady sat at a
frame of embroidery, and the three handsomest young women (I suppose) in
Scotland stood together by a window.

“This is my new friend, Mr Balfour,” said he, presenting me by the arm,
“David, here is my sister, Miss Grant, who is so good as keep my house
for me, and will be very pleased if she can help you.  And here,” says
he, turning to the three younger ladies, “here are my _three braw
dauchters_.  A fair question to ye, Mr. Davie: which of the three is the
best favoured?  And I wager he will never have the impudence to propound
honest Alan Ramsay’s answer!”

Hereupon all three, and the old Miss Grant as well, cried out against
this sally, which (as I was acquainted with the verses he referred to)
brought shame into my own check.  It seemed to me a citation unpardonable
in a father, and I was amazed that these ladies could laugh even while
they reproved, or made believe to.

Under cover of this mirth, Prestongrange got forth of the chamber, and I
was left, like a fish upon dry land, in that very unsuitable society.  I
could never deny, in looking back upon what followed, that I was
eminently stockish; and I must say the ladies were well drilled to have
so long a patience with me.  The aunt indeed sat close at her embroidery,
only looking now and again and smiling; but the misses, and especially
the eldest, who was besides the most handsome, paid me a score of
attentions which I was very ill able to repay.  It was all in vain to
tell myself I was a young follow of some worth as well as a good estate,
and had no call to feel abashed before these lasses, the eldest not so
much older than myself, and no one of them by any probability half as
learned.  Reasoning would not change the fact; and there were times when
the colour came into my face to think I was shaved that day for the first

The talk going, with all their endeavours, very heavily, the eldest took
pity on my awkwardness, sat down to her instrument, of which she was a
passed mistress, and entertained me for a while with playing and singing,
both in the Scots and in the Italian manners; this put me more at my
ease, and being reminded of Alan’s air that he had taught me in the hole
near Carriden, I made so bold as to whistle a bar or two, and ask if she
knew that.

She shook her head.  “I never heard a note of it,” said she.  “Whistle it
all through.  And now once again,” she added, after I had done so.

Then she picked it out upon the keyboard, and (to my surprise) instantly
enriched the same with well-sounding chords, and sang, as she played,
with a very droll expression and broad accent—

    “Haenae I got just the lilt of it?
    Isnae this the tune that ye whustled?”

“You see,” she says, “I can do the poetry too, only it won’t rhyme.  And
then again:

    “I am Miss Grant, sib to the Advocate:
    You, I believe, are Dauvit Balfour.”

I told her how much astonished I was by her genius.

“And what do you call the name of it?” she asked.

“I do not know the real name,” said I.  “I just call it _Alan’s air_.”

She looked at me directly in the face.  “I shall call it _David’s air_,”
said she; “though if it’s the least like what your namesake of Israel
played to Saul I would never wonder that the king got little good by it,
for it’s but melancholy music.  Your other name I do not like; so if you
was ever wishing to hear your tune again you are to ask for it by mine.”

This was said with a significance that gave my heart a jog.  “Why that,
Miss Grant?” I asked.

“Why,” says she, “if ever you should come to get hanged, I will set your
last dying speech and confession to that tune and sing it.”

This put it beyond a doubt that she was partly informed of my story and
peril.  How, or just how much, it was more difficult to guess.  It was
plain she knew there was something of danger in the name of Alan, and
thus warned me to leave it out of reference; and plain she knew that I
stood under some criminal suspicion.  I judged besides that the harshness
of her last speech (which besides she had followed up immediately with a
very noisy piece of music) was to put an end to the present conversation.
I stood beside her, affecting to listen and admire, but truly whirled
away by my own thoughts.  I have always found this young lady to be a
lover of the mysterious; and certainly this first interview made a
mystery that was beyond my plummet.  One thing I learned long after, the
hours of the Sunday had been well employed, the bank porter had been
found and examined, my visit to Charles Stewart was discovered, and the
deduction made that I was pretty deep with James and Alan, and most
likely in a continued correspondence with the last.  Hence this broad
hint that was given me across the harpsichord.

In the midst of the piece of music, one of the younger misses, who was at
a window over the close, cried on her sisters to come quick, for there
was “_Grey eyes_ again.”  The whole family trooped there at once, and
crowded one another for a look.  The window whither they ran was in an
odd corner of that room, gave above the entrance door, and flanked up the

“Come, Mr. Balfour,” they cried, “come and see.  She is the most
beautiful creature!  She hangs round the close-head these last days,
always with some wretched-like gillies, and yet seems quite a lady.”

I had no need to look; neither did I look twice, or long.  I was afraid
she might have seen me there, looking down upon her from that chamber of
music, and she without, and her father in the same house, perhaps begging
for his life with tears, and myself come but newly from rejecting his
petitions.  But even that glance set me in a better conceit of myself and
much less awe of the young ladies.  They were beautiful, that was beyond
question, but Catriona was beautiful too, and had a kind of brightness in
her like a coal of fire.  As much as the others cast me down, she lifted
me up.  I remembered I had talked easily with her.  If I could make no
hand of it with these fine maids, it was perhaps something their own
fault.  My embarrassment began to be a little mingled and lightened with
a sense of fun; and when the aunt smiled at me from her embroidery, and
the three daughters unbent to me like a baby, all with “papa’s orders”
written on their faces, there were times when I could have found it in my
heart to smile myself.

Presently papa returned, the same kind, happy-like, pleasant-spoken man.

“Now, girls,” said he, “I must take Mr. Balfour away again; but I hope
you have been able to persuade him to return where I shall be always
gratified to find him.”

So they each made me a little farthing compliment, and I was led away.

If this visit to the family had been meant to soften my resistance, it
was the worst of failures.  I was no such ass but what I understood how
poor a figure I had made, and that the girls would be yawning their jaws
off as soon as my stiff back was turned.  I felt I had shown how little I
had in me of what was soft and graceful; and I longed for a chance to
prove that I had something of the other stuff, the stern and dangerous.

Well, I was to be served to my desire, for the scene to which he was
conducting me was of a different character.


There was a man waiting us in Prestongrange’s study, whom I distasted at
the first look, as we distaste a ferret or an earwig.  He was bitter
ugly, but seemed very much of a gentleman; had still manners, but capable
of sudden leaps and violences; and a small voice, which could ring out
shrill and dangerous when he so desired.

The Advocate presented us in a familiar, friendly way.

“Here, Fraser,” said he, “here is Mr. Balfour whom we talked about.  Mr.
David, this is Mr. Simon Fraser, whom we used to call by another title,
but that is an old song.  Mr. Fraser has an errand to you.”

With that he stepped aside to his book-shelves, and made believe to
consult a quarto volume in the far end.

I was thus left (in a sense) alone with perhaps the last person in the
world I had expected.  There was no doubt upon the terms of introduction;
this could be no other than the forfeited Master of Lovat and chief of
the great clan Fraser.  I knew he had led his men in the Rebellion; I
knew his father’s head—my old lord’s, that grey fox of the mountains—to
have fallen on the block for that offence, the lands of the family to
have been seized, and their nobility attainted.  I could not conceive
what he should be doing in Grant’s house; I could not conceive that he
had been called to the bar, had eaten all his principles, and was now
currying favour with the Government even to the extent of acting
Advocate-Depute in the Appin murder.

“Well, Mr. Balfour,” said he, “what is all this I hear of ye?”

“It would not become me to prejudge,” said I, “but if the Advocate was
your authority he is fully possessed of my opinions.”

“I may tell you I am engaged in the Appin case,” he went on; “I am to
appear under Prestongrange; and from my study of the precognitions I can
assure you your opinions are erroneous.  The guilt of Breck is manifest;
and your testimony, in which you admit you saw him on the hill at the
very moment, will certify his hanging.”

“It will be rather ill to hang him till you catch him,” I observed.  “And
for other matters I very willingly leave you to your own impressions.”

“The Duke has been informed,” he went on.  “I have just come from his
Grace, and he expressed himself before me with an honest freedom like the
great nobleman he is.  He spoke of you by name, Mr. Balfour, and declared
his gratitude beforehand in case you would be led by those who understand
your own interests and those of the country so much better than yourself.
Gratitude is no empty expression in that mouth: _experto-crede_.  I
daresay you know something of my name and clan, and the damnable example
and lamented end of my late father, to say nothing of my own errata.
Well, I have made my peace with that good Duke; he has intervened for me
with our friend Prestongrange; and here I am with my foot in the stirrup
again and some of the responsibility shared into my hand of prosecuting
King George’s enemies and avenging the late daring and barefaced insult
to his Majesty.”

“Doubtless a proud position for your father’s son,” says I.

He wagged his bald eyebrows at me.  “You are pleased to make experiments
in the ironical, I think,” said he.  “But I am here upon duty, I am here
to discharge my errand in good faith, it is in vain you think to divert
me.  And let me tell you, for a young fellow of spirit and ambition like
yourself, a good shove in the beginning will do more than ten years’
drudgery.  The shove is now at your command; choose what you will to be
advanced in, the Duke will watch upon you with the affectionate
disposition of a father.”

“I am thinking that I lack the docility of the son,” says I.

“And do you really suppose, sir, that the whole policy of this country is
to be suffered to trip up and tumble down for an ill-mannered colt of a
boy?” he cried.  “This has been made a test case, all who would prosper
in the future must put a shoulder to the wheel.  Look at me!  Do you
suppose it is for my pleasure that I put myself in the highly invidious
position of persecuting a man that I have drawn the sword alongside of?
The choice is not left me.”

“But I think, sir, that you forfeited your choice when you mixed in with
that unnatural rebellion,” I remarked.  “My case is happily otherwise; I
am a true man, and can look either the Duke or King George in the face
without concern.”

“Is it so the wind sits?” says he.  “I protest you are fallen in the
worst sort of error.  Prestongrange has been hitherto so civil (he tells
me) as not to combat your allegations; but you must not think they are
not looked upon with strong suspicion.  You say you are innocent.  My
dear sir, the facts declare you guilty.”

“I was waiting for you there,” said I.

“The evidence of Mungo Campbell; your flight after the completion of the
murder; your long course of secresy—my good young man!” said Mr. Simon,
“here is enough evidence to hang a bullock, let be a David Balfour!  I
shall be upon that trial; my voice shall be raised; I shall then speak
much otherwise from what I do to-day, and far less to your gratification,
little as you like it now!  Ah, you look white!” cries he.  “I have found
the key of your impudent heart.  You look pale, your eyes waver, Mr.
David!  You see the grave and the gallows nearer by than you had

“I own to a natural weakness,” said I.  “I think no shame for that.
Shame. . .”  I was going on.

“Shame waits for you on the gibbet,” he broke in.

“Where I shall but be even’d with my lord your father,” said I.

“Aha, but not so!” he cried, “and you do not yet see to the bottom of
this business.  My father suffered in a great cause, and for dealing in
the affairs of kings.  You are to hang for a dirty murder about
boddle-pieces.  Your personal part in it, the treacherous one of holding
the poor wretch in talk, your accomplices a pack of ragged Highland
gillies.  And it can be shown, my great Mr. Balfour—it can be shown, and
it _will_ be shown, trust _me_ that has a finger in the pie—it can be
shown, and shall be shown, that you were paid to do it.  I think I can
see the looks go round the court when I adduce my evidence, and it shall
appear that you, a young man of education, let yourself be corrupted to
this shocking act for a suit of cast clothes, a bottle of Highland
spirits, and three-and-fivepence-halfpenny in copper money.”

There was a touch of the truth in these words that knocked me like a
blow: clothes, a bottle of _usquebaugh_, and
three-and-fivepence-halfpenny in change made up, indeed, the most of what
Alan and I had carried from Auchurn; and I saw that some of James’s
people had been blabbing in their dungeons.

“You see I know more than you fancied,” he resumed in triumph.  “And as
for giving it this turn, great Mr. David, you must not suppose the
Government of Great Britain and Ireland will ever be stuck for want of
evidence.  We have men here in prison who will swear out their lives as
we direct them; as I direct, if you prefer the phrase.  So now you are to
guess your part of glory if you choose to die.  On the one hand, life,
wine, women, and a duke to be your handgun: on the other, a rope to your
craig, and a gibbet to clatter your bones on, and the lousiest, lowest
story to hand down to your namesakes in the future that was ever told
about a hired assassin.  And see here!” he cried, with a formidable
shrill voice, “see this paper that I pull out of my pocket.  Look at the
name there: it is the name of the great David, I believe, the ink scarce
dry yet.  Can you guess its nature?  It is the warrant for your arrest,
which I have but to touch this bell beside me to have executed on the
spot.  Once in the Tolbooth upon this paper, may God help you, for the
die is cast!”

I must never deny that I was greatly horrified by so much baseness, and
much unmanned by the immediacy and ugliness of my danger.  Mr. Simon had
already gloried in the changes of my hue; I make no doubt I was now no
ruddier than my shirt; my speech besides trembled.

“There is a gentleman in this room,” cried I.  “I appeal to him.  I put
my life and credit in his hands.”

Prestongrange shut his book with a snap.  “I told you so, Simon,” said
he; “you have played your hand for all it was worth, and you have lost.
Mr. David,” he went on, “I wish you to believe it was by no choice of
mine you were subjected to this proof.  I wish you could understand how
glad I am you should come forth from it with so much credit.  You may not
quite see how, but it is a little of a service to myself.  For had our
friend here been more successful than I was last night, it might have
appeared that he was a better judge of men than I; it might have appeared
we were altogether in the wrong situations, Mr. Simon and myself.  And I
know our friend Simon to be ambitious,” says he, striking lightly on
Fraser’s shoulder.  “As for this stage play, it is over; my sentiments
are very much engaged in your behalf; and whatever issue we can find to
this unfortunate affair, I shall make it my business to see it is adopted
with tenderness to you.”

These were very good words, and I could see besides that there was little
love, and perhaps a spice of genuine ill-will, between these two who were
opposed to me.  For all that, it was unmistakable this interview had been
designed, perhaps rehearsed, with the consent of both; it was plain my
adversaries were in earnest to try me by all methods; and now
(persuasion, flattery, and menaces having been tried in vain) I could not
but wonder what would be their next expedient.  My eyes besides were
still troubled, and my knees loose under me, with the distress of the
late ordeal; and I could do no more than stammer the same form of words:
“I put my life and credit in your hands.”

“Well, well,” said he, “we must try to save them.  And in the meanwhile
let us return to gentler methods.  You must not bear any grudge upon my
friend, Mr. Simon, who did but speak by his brief.  And even if you did
conceive some malice against myself, who stood by and seemed rather to
hold a candle, I must not let that extend to innocent members of my
family.  These are greatly engaged to see more of you, and I cannot
consent to have my young womenfolk disappointed.  To-morrow they will be
going to Hope Park, where I think it very proper you should make your
bow.  Call for me first, when I may possibly have something for your
private hearing; then you shall be turned abroad again under the conduct
of my misses; and until that time repeat to me your promise of secrecy.”

I had done better to have instantly refused, but in truth I was beside
the power of reasoning; did as I was bid; took my leave I know not how;
and when I was forth again in the close, and the door had shut behind me,
was glad to lean on a house wall and wipe my face.  That horrid
apparition (as I may call it) of Mr. Simon rang in my memory, as a sudden
noise rings after it is over in the ear.  Tales of the man’s father, of
his falseness, of his manifold perpetual treacheries, rose before me from
all that I had heard and read, and joined on with what I had just
experienced of himself.  Each time it occurred to me, the ingenious
foulness of that calumny he had proposed to nail upon my character
startled me afresh.  The case of the man upon the gibbet by Leith Walk
appeared scarce distinguishable from that I was now to consider as my
own.  To rob a child of so little more than nothing was certainly a
paltry enterprise for two grown men; but my own tale, as it was to be
represented in a court by Simon Fraser, appeared a fair second in every
possible point of view of sordidness and cowardice.

The voices of two of Prestongrange’s liveried men upon his doorstep
recalled me to myself.

“Ha’e,” said the one, “this billet as fast as ye can link to the

“Is that for the cateran back again?” asked the other.

“It would seem sae,” returned the first.  “Him and Simon are seeking

“I think Prestongrange is gane gyte,” says the second.  “He’ll have James
More in bed with him next.”

“Weel, it’s neither your affair nor mine’s,” said the first.

And they parted, the one upon his errand, and the other back into the

This looked as ill as possible.  I was scarce gone and they were sending
already for James More, to whom I thought Mr. Simon must have pointed
when he spoke of men in prison and ready to redeem their lives by all
extremities.  My scalp curdled among my hair, and the next moment the
blood leaped in me to remember Catriona.  Poor lass! her father stood to
be hanged for pretty indefensible misconduct.  What was yet more
unpalatable, it now seemed he was prepared to save his four quarters by
the worst of shame and the most foul of cowardly murders—murder by the
false oath; and to complete our misfortunes, it seemed myself was picked
out to be the victim.

I began to walk swiftly and at random, conscious only of a desire for
movement, air, and the open country.


I came forth, I vow I know not how, on the _Lang Dykes_ {12}.  This is a
rural road which runs on the north side over against the city.  Thence I
could see the whole black length of it tail down, from where the castle
stands upon its crags above the loch in a long line of spires and gable
ends, and smoking chimneys, and at the sight my heart swelled in my
bosom.  My youth, as I have told, was already inured to dangers; but such
danger as I had seen the face of but that morning, in the midst of what
they call the safety of a town, shook me beyond experience.  Peril of
slavery, peril of shipwreck, peril of sword and shot, I had stood all of
these without discredit; but the peril there was in the sharp voice and
the fat face of Simon, properly Lord Lovat, daunted me wholly.

I sat by the lake side in a place where the rushes went down into the
water, and there steeped my wrists and laved my temples.  If I could have
done so with any remains of self-esteem, I would now have fled from my
foolhardy enterprise.  But (call it courage or cowardice, and I believe
it was both the one and the other) I decided I was ventured out beyond
the possibility of a retreat.  I had out-faced these men, I would
continue to out-face them; come what might, I would stand by the word

The sense of my own constancy somewhat uplifted my spirits, but not much.
At the best of it there was an icy place about my heart, and life seemed
a black business to be at all engaged in.  For two souls in particular my
pity flowed.  The one was myself, to be so friendless and lost among
dangers.  The other was the girl, the daughter of James More.  I had seen
but little of her; yet my view was taken and my judgment made.  I thought
her a lass of a clean honour, like a man’s; I thought her one to die of a
disgrace; and now I believed her father to be at that moment bargaining
his vile life for mine.  It made a bond in my thoughts betwixt the girl
and me.  I had seen her before only as a wayside appearance, though one
that pleased me strangely; I saw her now in a sudden nearness of
relation, as the daughter of my blood foe, and I might say, my murderer.
I reflected it was hard I should be so plagued and persecuted all my days
for other folks’ affairs, and have no manner of pleasure myself.  I got
meals and a bed to sleep in when my concerns would suffer it; beyond that
my wealth was of no help to me.  If I was to hang, my days were like to
be short; if I was not to hang but to escape out of this trouble, they
might yet seem long to me ere I was done with them.  Of a sudden her face
appeared in my memory, the way I had first seen it, with the parted lips;
at that, weakness came in my bosom and strength into my legs; and I set
resolutely forward on the way to Dean.  If I was to hang to-morrow, and
it was sure enough I might very likely sleep that night in a dungeon, I
determined I should hear and speak once more with Catriona.

The exercise of walking and the thought of my destination braced me yet
more, so that I began to pluck up a kind of spirit.  In the village of
Dean, where it sits in the bottom of a glen beside the river, I inquired
my way of a miller’s man, who sent me up the hill upon the farther side
by a plain path, and so to a decent-like small house in a garden of lawns
and apple-trees.  My heart beat high as I stepped inside the garden
hedge, but it fell low indeed when I came face to face with a grim and
fierce old lady, walking there in a white mutch with a man’s hat strapped
upon the top of it.

“What do ye come seeking here?” she asked.

I told her I was after Miss Drummond.

“And what may be your business with Miss Drummond?” says she.

I told her I had met her on Saturday last, had been so fortunate as to
render her a trifling service, and was come now on the young lady’s

“O, so you’re Saxpence!” she cried, with a very sneering manner.  “A braw
gift, a bonny gentleman.  And hae ye ony ither name and designation, or
were ye bapteesed Saxpence?” she asked.

I told my name.

“Preserve me!” she cried.  “Has Ebenezer gotten a son?”

“No, ma’am,” said I.  “I am a son of Alexander’s.  It’s I that am the
Laird of Shaws.”

“Ye’ll find your work cut out for ye to establish that,” quoth she.

“I perceive you know my uncle,” said I; “and I daresay you may be the
better pleased to hear that business is arranged.”

“And what brings ye here after Miss Drummond?” she pursued.

“I’m come after my saxpence, mem,” said I.  “It’s to be thought, being my
uncle’s nephew, I would be found a careful lad.”

“So ye have a spark of sleeness in ye?” observed the old lady, with some
approval.  “I thought ye had just been a cuif—you and your saxpence, and
your _lucky day_ and your _sake of Balwhidder_”—from which I was
gratified to learn that Catriona had not forgotten some of our talk.
“But all this is by the purpose,” she resumed.  “Am I to understand that
ye come here keeping company?”

“This is surely rather an early question,” said I.  “The maid is young,
so am I, worse fortune.  I have but seen her the once.  I’ll not deny,” I
added, making up my mind to try her with some frankness, “I’ll not deny
but she has run in my head a good deal since I met in with her.  That is
one thing; but it would be quite another, and I think I would look very
like a fool, to commit myself.”

“You can speak out of your mouth, I see,” said the old lady.  “Praise
God, and so can I!  I was fool enough to take charge of this rogue’s
daughter: a fine charge I have gotten; but it’s mine, and I’ll carry it
the way I want to.  Do ye mean to tell me, Mr. Balfour of Shaws, that you
would marry James More’s daughter, and him hanged!  Well, then, where
there’s no possible marriage there shall be no manner of carryings on,
and take that for said.  Lasses are bruckle things,” she added, with a
nod; “and though ye would never think it by my wrunkled chafts, I was a
lassie mysel’, and a bonny one.”

“Lady Allardyce,” said I, “for that I suppose to be your name, you seem
to do the two sides of the talking, which is a very poor manner to come
to an agreement.  You give me rather a home thrust when you ask if I
would marry, at the gallow’s foot, a young lady whom I have seen but
once.  I have told you already I would never be so untenty as to commit
myself.  And yet I’ll go some way with you.  If I continue to like the
lass as well as I have reason to expect, it will be something more than
her father, or the gallows either, that keeps the two of us apart.  As
for my family, I found it by the wayside like a lost bawbee!  I owe less
than nothing to my uncle and if ever I marry, it will be to please one
person: that’s myself.”

“I have heard this kind of talk before ye were born,” said Mrs. Ogilvy,
“which is perhaps the reason that I think of it so little.  There’s much
to be considered.  This James More is a kinsman of mine, to my shame be
it spoken.  But the better the family, the mair men hanged or headed,
that’s always been poor Scotland’s story.  And if it was just the
hanging!  For my part I think I would be best pleased with James upon the
gallows, which would be at least an end to him.  Catrine’s a good lass
enough, and a good-hearted, and lets herself be deaved all day with a
runt of an auld wife like me.  But, ye see, there’s the weak bit.  She’s
daft about that long, false, fleeching beggar of a father of hers, and
red-mad about the Gregara, and proscribed names, and King James, and a
wheen blethers.  And you might think ye could guide her, ye would find
yourself sore mista’en.  Ye say ye’ve seen her but the once. . .”

“Spoke with her but the once, I should have said,” I interrupted.  “I saw
her again this morning from a window at Prestongrange’s.”

This I daresay I put in because it sounded well; but I was properly paid
for my ostentation on the return.

“What’s this of it?” cries the old lady, with a sudden pucker of her
face.  “I think it was at the Advocate’s door-cheek that ye met her

I told her that was so.

“H’m,” she said; and then suddenly, upon rather a scolding tone, “I have
your bare word for it,” she cries, “as to who and what you are.  By your
way of it, you’re Balfour of the Shaws; but for what I ken you may be
Balfour of the Deevil’s oxter.  It’s possible ye may come here for what
ye say, and it’s equally possible ye may come here for deil care what!
I’m good enough Whig to sit quiet, and to have keepit all my men-folk’s
heads upon their shoulders.  But I’m not just a good enough Whig to be
made a fool of neither.  And I tell you fairly, there’s too much
Advocate’s door and Advocate’s window here for a man that comes taigling
after a Macgregor’s daughter.  Ye can tell that to the Advocate that sent
ye, with my fond love.  And I kiss my loof to ye, Mr. Balfour,” says she,
suiting the action to the word; “and a braw journey to ye back to where
ye cam frae.”

“If you think me a spy,” I broke out, and speech stuck in my throat.  I
stood and looked murder at the old lady for a space, then bowed and
turned away.

“Here!  Hoots!  The callant’s in a creel!” she cried.  “Think ye a spy?
what else would I think ye—me that kens naething by ye?  But I see that I
was wrong; and as I cannot fight, I’ll have to apologise.  A bonny figure
I would be with a broadsword.  Ay! ay!” she went on, “you’re none such a
bad lad in your way; I think ye’ll have some redeeming vices.  But, O!
Davit Balfour, ye’re damned countryfeed.  Ye’ll have to win over that,
lad; ye’ll have to soople your back-bone, and think a wee pickle less of
your dainty self; and ye’ll have to try to find out that women-folk are
nae grenadiers.  But that can never be.  To your last day you’ll ken no
more of women-folk than what I do of sow-gelding.”

I had never been used with such expressions from a lady’s tongue, the
only two ladies I had known, Mrs. Campbell and my mother, being most
devout and most particular women; and I suppose my amazement must have
been depicted in my countenance, for Mrs. Ogilvy burst forth suddenly in
a fit of laughter.

“Keep me!” she cried, struggling with her mirth, “you have the finest
timber face—and you to marry the daughter of a Hieland cateran!  Davie,
my dear, I think we’ll have to make a match of it—if it was just to see
the weans.  And now,” she went on, “there’s no manner of service in your
daidling here, for the young woman is from home, and it’s my fear that
the old woman is no suitable companion for your father’s son.  Forbye
that I have nobody but myself to look after my reputation, and have been
long enough alone with a sedooctive youth.  And come back another day for
your saxpence!” she cried after me as I left.

My skirmish with this disconcerting lady gave my thoughts a boldness they
had otherwise wanted.  For two days the image of Catriona had mixed in
all my meditations; she made their background, so that I scarce enjoyed
my own company without a glint of her in a corner of my mind.  But now
she came immediately near; I seemed to touch her, whom I had never
touched but the once; I let myself flow out to her in a happy weakness,
and looking all about, and before and behind, saw the world like an
undesirable desert, where men go as soldiers on a march, following their
duty with what constancy they have, and Catriona alone there to offer me
some pleasure of my days.  I wondered at myself that I could dwell on
such considerations in that time of my peril and disgrace; and when I
remembered my youth I was ashamed.  I had my studies to complete: I had
to be called into some useful business; I had yet to take my part of
service in a place where all must serve; I had yet to learn, and know,
and prove myself a man; and I had so much sense as blush that I should be
already tempted with these further-on and holier delights and duties.  My
education spoke home to me sharply; I was never brought up on sugar
biscuits but on the hard food of the truth.  I knew that he was quite
unfit to be a husband who was not prepared to be a father also; and for a
boy like me to play the father was a mere derision.

When I was in the midst of these thoughts and about half-way back to town
I saw a figure coming to meet me, and the trouble of my heart was
heightened.  It seemed I had everything in the world to say to her, but
nothing to say first; and remembering how tongue-tied I had been that
morning at the Advocate’s I made sure that I would find myself struck
dumb.  But when she came up my fears fled away; not even the
consciousness of what I had been privately thinking disconcerted me the
least; and I found I could talk with her as easily and rationally as I
might with Alan.

“O!” she cried, “you have been seeking your sixpence; did you get it?”

I told her no; but now I had met with her my walk was not in vain.
“Though I have seen you to-day already,” said I, and told her where and

“I did not see you,” she said.  “My eyes are big, but there are better
than mine at seeing far.  Only I heard singing in the house.”

“That was Miss Grant,” said I, “the eldest and the bonniest.”

“They say they are all beautiful,” said she.

“They think the same of you, Miss Drummond,” I replied, “and were all
crowding to the window to observe you.”

“It is a pity about my being so blind,” said she, “or I might have seen
them too.  And you were in the house?  You must have been having the fine
time with the fine music and the pretty ladies.”

“There is just where you are wrong,” said I; “for I was as uncouth as a
sea-fish upon the brae of a mountain.  The truth is that I am better
fitted to go about with rudas men than pretty ladies.”

“Well, I would think so too, at all events!” said she, at which we both
of us laughed.

“It is a strange thing, now,” said I.  “I am not the least afraid with
you, yet I could have run from the Miss Grants.  And I was afraid of your
cousin too.”

“O, I think any man will be afraid of her,” she cried.  “My father is
afraid of her himself.”

The name of her father brought me to a stop.  I looked at her as she
walked by my side; I recalled the man, and the little I knew and the much
I guessed of him; and comparing the one with the other, felt like a
traitor to be silent.

“Speaking of which,” said I, “I met your father no later than this

“Did you?” she cried, with a voice of joy that seemed to mock at me.
“You saw James More?  You will have spoken with him then?”

“I did even that,” said I.

Then I think things went the worst way for me that was humanly possible.
She gave me a look of mere gratitude.  “Ah, thank you for that!” says

“You thank me for very little,” said I, and then stopped.  But it seemed
when I was holding back so much, something at least had to come out.  “I
spoke rather ill to him,” said I; “I did no like him very much; I spoke
him rather ill, and he was angry.”

“I think you had little to do then, and less to tell it to his daughter!”
she cried out.  “But those that do not love and cherish him I will not

“I will take the freedom of a word yet,” said I, beginning to tremble.
“Perhaps neither your father nor I are in the best of spirits at
Prestongrange’s.  I daresay we both have anxious business there, for it’s
a dangerous house.  I was sorry for him too, and spoke to him the first,
if I could but have spoken the wiser.  And for one thing, in my opinion,
you will soon find that his affairs are mending.”

“It will not be through your friendship, I am thinking,” said she; “and
he is much made up to you for your sorrow.”

“Miss Drummond,” cried I, “I am alone in this world.”

“And I am not wondering at that,” said she.

“O, let me speak!” said I.  “I will speak but the once, and then leave
you, if you will, for ever.  I came this day in the hopes of a kind word
that I am sore in want of.  I know that what I said must hurt you, and I
knew it then.  It would have been easy to have spoken smooth, easy to lie
to you; can you not think how I was tempted to the same?  Cannot you see
the truth of my heart shine out?”

“I think here is a great deal of work, Mr. Balfour,” said she.  “I think
we will have met but the once, and will can part like gentle folk.”

“O, let me have one to believe in me!” I pleaded, “I cannae bear it else.
The whole world is clanned against me.  How am I to go through with my
dreadful fate?  If there’s to be none to believe in me I cannot do it.
The man must just die, for I cannot do it.”

She had still looked straight in front of her, head in air; but at my
words or the tone of my voice she came to a stop.  “What is this you
say?” she asked.  “What are you talking of?”

“It is my testimony which may save an innocent life,” said I, “and they
will not suffer me to bear it.  What would you do yourself?  You know
what this is, whose father lies in danger.  Would you desert the poor
soul?  They have tried all ways with me.  They have sought to bribe me;
they offered me hills and valleys.  And to-day that sleuth-hound told me
how I stood, and to what a length he would go to butcher and disgrace me.
I am to be brought in a party to the murder; I am to have held Glenure in
talk for money and old clothes; I am to be killed and shamed.  If this is
the way I am to fall, and me scarce a man—if this is the story to be told
of me in all Scotland—if you are to believe it too, and my name is to be
nothing but a by-word—Catriona, how can I go through with it?  The
thing’s not possible; it’s more than a man has in his heart.”

I poured my words out in a whirl, one upon the other; and when I stopped
I found her gazing on me with a startled face.

“Glenure!  It is the Appin murder,” she said softly, but with a very deep

I had turned back to bear her company, and we were now come near the head
of the brae above Dean village.  At this word I stepped in front of her
like one suddenly distracted.

“For God’s sake!” I cried, “for God’s sake, what is this that I have
done?” and carried my fists to my temples.  “What made me do it?  Sure, I
am bewitched to say these things!”

“In the name of heaven, what ails you now!” she cried.

“I gave my honour,” I groaned, “I gave my honour and now I have broke it.
O, Catriona!”

“I am asking you what it is,” she said; “was it these things you should
not have spoken?  And do you think I have no honour, then? or that I am
one that would betray a friend?  I hold up my right hand to you and

“O, I knew you would be true!” said I.  “It’s me—it’s here.  I that stood
but this morning and out-faced them, that risked rather to die disgraced
upon the gallows than do wrong—and a few hours after I throw my honour
away by the roadside in common talk!  ‘There is one thing clear upon our
interview,’ says he, ‘that I can rely on your pledged word.’  Where is my
word now?  Who could believe me now?  You could not believe me.  I am
clean fallen down; I had best die!”  All this I said with a weeping
voice, but I had no tears in my body.

“My heart is sore for you,” said she, “but be sure you are too nice.  I
would not believe you, do you say?  I would trust you with anything.  And
these men?  I would not be thinking of them!  Men who go about to entrap
and to destroy you!  Fy! this is no time to crouch.  Look up!  Do you not
think I will be admiring you like a great hero of the good—and you a boy
not much older than myself?  And because you said a word too much in a
friend’s ear, that would die ere she betrayed you—to make such a matter!
It is one thing that we must both forget.”

“Catriona,” said I, looking at her, hang-dog, “is this true of it?  Would
ye trust me yet?”

“Will you not believe the tears upon my face?” she cried.  “It is the
world I am thinking of you, Mr. David Balfour.  Let them hang you; I will
never forget, I will grow old and still remember you.  I think it is
great to die so: I will envy you that gallows.”

“And maybe all this while I am but a child frighted with bogles,” said I.
“Maybe they but make a mock of me.”

“It is what I must know,” she said.  “I must hear the whole.  The harm is
done at all events, and I must hear the whole.”

I had sat down on the wayside, where she took a place beside me, and I
told her all that matter much as I have written it, my thoughts about her
father’s dealings being alone omitted.

“Well,” she said, when I had finished, “you are a hero, surely, and I
never would have thought that same!  And I think you are in peril, too.
O, Simon Fraser! to think upon that man!  For his life and the dirty
money, to be dealing in such traffic!”  And just then she called out
aloud with a queer word that was common with her, and belongs, I believe,
to her own language.  “My torture!” says she, “look at the sun!”

Indeed, it was already dipping towards the mountains.

She bid me come again soon, gave me her hand, and left me in a turmoil of
glad spirits.  I delayed to go home to my lodging, for I had a terror of
immediate arrest; but got some supper at a change house, and the better
part of that night walked by myself in the barley-fields, and had such a
sense of Catriona’s presence that I seemed to bear her in my arms.


The next day, August 29th, I kept my appointment at the Advocate’s in a
coat that I had made to my own measure, and was but newly ready.

“Aha,” says Prestongrange, “you are very fine to-day; my misses are to
have a fine cavalier.  Come, I take that kind of you.  I take that kind
of you, Mr. David.  O, we shall do very well yet, and I believe your
troubles are nearly at an end.”

“You have news for me?” cried I.

“Beyond anticipation,” he replied.  “Your testimony is after all to be
received; and you may go, if you will, in my company to the trial, which
in to be held at Inverary, Thursday, 21st _proximo_.”

I was too much amazed to find words.

“In the meanwhile,” he continued, “though I will not ask you to renew
your pledge, I must caution you strictly to be reticent.  To-morrow your
precognition must be taken; and outside of that, do you know, I think
least said will be soonest mended.”

“I shall try to go discreetly,” said I.  “I believe it is yourself that I
must thank for this crowning mercy, and I do thank you gratefully.  After
yesterday, my lord, this is like the doors of Heaven.  I cannot find it
in my heart to get the thing believed.”

“Ah, but you must try and manage, you must try and manage to believe it,”
says he, soothing-like, “and I am very glad to hear your acknowledgment
of obligation, for I think you may be able to repay me very shortly”—he
coughed—“or even now.  The matter is much changed.  Your testimony, which
I shall not trouble you for to-day, will doubtless alter the complexion
of the case for all concerned, and this makes it less delicate for me to
enter with you on a side issue.”

“My Lord,” I interrupted, “excuse me for interrupting you, but how has
this been brought about?  The obstacles you told me of on Saturday
appeared even to me to be quite insurmountable; how has it been

“My dear Mr. David,” said he, “it would never do for me to divulge (even
to you, as you say) the councils of the Government; and you must content
yourself, if you please, with the gross fact.”

He smiled upon me like a father as he spoke, playing the while with a new
pen; methought it was impossible there could be any shadow of deception
in the man: yet when he drew to him a sheet of paper, dipped his pen
among the ink, and began again to address me, I was somehow not so
certain, and fell instinctively into an attitude of guard.

“There is a point I wish to touch upon,” he began.  “I purposely left it
before upon one side, which need be now no longer necessary.  This is
not, of course, a part of your examination, which is to follow by another
hand; this is a private interest of my own.  You say you encountered Alan
Breck upon the hill?”

“I did, my lord,” said I.

“This was immediately after the murder?”

“It was.”

“Did you speak to him?”

“I did.”

“You had known him before, I think?” says my lord, carelessly.

“I cannot guess your reason for so thinking, my lord,” I replied, “but
such in the fact.”

“And when did you part with him again?” said he.

“I reserve my answer,” said I.  “The question will be put to me at the

“Mr. Balfour,” said he, “will you not understand that all this is without
prejudice to yourself?  I have promised you life and honour; and, believe
me, I can keep my word.  You are therefore clear of all anxiety.  Alan,
it appears, you suppose you can protect; and you talk to me of your
gratitude, which I think (if you push me) is not ill-deserved.  There are
a great many different considerations all pointing the same way; and I
will never be persuaded that you could not help us (if you chose) to put
salt on Alan’s tail.”

“My lord,” said I, “I give you my word I do not so much as guess where
Alan is.”

He paused a breath.  “Nor how he might be found?” he asked.

I sat before him like a log of wood.

“And so much for your gratitude, Mr. David!” he observed.  Again there
was a piece of silence.  “Well,” said he, rising, “I am not fortunate,
and we are a couple at cross purposes.  Let us speak of it no more; you
will receive notice when, where, and by whom, we are to take your
precognition.  And in the meantime, my misses must be waiting you.  They
will never forgive me if I detain their cavalier.”

Into the hands of these Graces I was accordingly offered up, and found
them dressed beyond what I had thought possible, and looking fair as a

As we went forth from the doors a small circumstance occurred which came
afterwards to look extremely big.  I heard a whistle sound loud and brief
like a signal, and looking all about, spied for one moment the red head
of Neil of the Tom, the son of Duncan.  The next moment he was gone
again, nor could I see so much as the skirt-tail of Catriona, upon whom I
naturally supposed him to be then attending.

My three keepers led me out by Bristo and the Bruntsfield Links; whence a
path carried us to Hope Park, a beautiful pleasance, laid with
gravel-walks, furnished with seats and summer-sheds, and warded by a
keeper.  The way there was a little longsome; the two younger misses
affected an air of genteel weariness that damped me cruelly, the eldest
considered me with something that at times appeared like mirth; and
though I thought I did myself more justice than the day before, it was
not without some effort.  Upon our reaching the park I was launched on a
bevy of eight or ten young gentlemen (some of them cockaded officers, the
rest chiefly advocates) who crowded to attend upon these beauties; and
though I was presented to all of them in very good words, it seemed I was
by all immediately forgotten.  Young folk in a company are like to savage
animals: they fall upon or scorn a stranger without civility, or I may
say, humanity; and I am sure, if I had been among baboons, they would
have shown me quite as much of both.  Some of the advocates set up to be
wits, and some of the soldiers to be rattles; and I could not tell which
of these extremes annoyed me most.  All had a manner of handling their
swords and coat-skirts, for the which (in mere black envy) I could have
kicked them from the park.  I daresay, upon their side, they grudged me
extremely the fine company in which I had arrived; and altogether I had
soon fallen behind, and stepped stiffly in the rear of all that merriment
with my own thoughts.

From these I was recalled by one of the officers, Lieutenant Hector
Duncansby, a gawky, leering Highland boy, asking if my name was not

I told him it was, not very kindly, for his manner was scant civil.

“Ha, Palfour,” says he, and then, repeating it, “Palfour, Palfour!”

“I am afraid you do not like my name, sir,” says I, annoyed with myself
to be annoyed with such a rustical fellow.

“No,” says he, “but I wass thinking.”

“I would not advise you to make a practice of that, sir,” says I.  “I
feel sure you would not find it to agree with you.”

“Tit you effer hear where Alan Grigor fand the tangs?” said he.

I asked him what he could possibly mean, and he answered, with a heckling
laugh, that he thought I must have found the poker in the same place and
swallowed it.

There could be no mistake about this, and my cheek burned.

“Before I went about to put affronts on gentlemen,” said I, “I think I
would learn the English language first.”

He took me by the sleeve with a nod and a wink and led me quietly outside
Hope Park.  But no sooner were we beyond the view of the promenaders,
than the fashion of his countenance changed.  “You tam lowland
scoon’rel!” cries he, and hit me a buffet on the jaw with his closed

I paid him as good or better on the return; whereupon he stepped a little
back and took off his hat to me decorously.

“Enough plows I think,” says he.  “I will be the offended shentleman, for
who effer heard of such suffeeciency as tell a shentlemans that is the
king’s officer he cannae speak Cot’s English?  We have swords at our
hurdles, and here is the King’s Park at hand.  Will ye walk first, or let
me show ye the way?”

I returned his bow, told him to go first, and followed him.  As he went I
heard him grumble to himself about _Cot’s English_ and the _King’s coat_,
so that I might have supposed him to be seriously offended.  But his
manner at the beginning of our interview was there to belie him.  It was
manifest he had come prepared to fasten a quarrel on me, right or wrong;
manifest that I was taken in a fresh contrivance of my enemies; and to me
(conscious as I was of my deficiencies) manifest enough that I should be
the one to fall in our encounter.

As we came into that rough rocky desert of the King’s Park I was tempted
half-a-dozen times to take to my heels and run for it, so loath was I to
show my ignorance in fencing, and so much averse to die or even to be
wounded.  But I considered if their malice went as far as this, it would
likely stick at nothing; and that to fall by the sword, however
ungracefully, was still an improvement on the gallows.  I considered
besides that by the unguarded pertness of my words and the quickness of
my blow I had put myself quite out of court; and that even if I ran, my
adversary would probably pursue and catch me, which would add disgrace to
my misfortune.  So that, taking all in all, I continued marching behind
him, much as a man follows the hangman, and certainly with no more hope.

We went about the end of the long craigs, and came into the Hunter’s Bog.
Here, on a piece of fair turf, my adversary drew.  There was nobody there
to see us but some birds; and no resource for me but to follow his
example, and stand on guard with the best face I could display.  It seems
it was not good enough for Mr. Dancansby, who spied some flaw in my
manœuvres, paused, looked upon me sharply, and came off and on, and
menaced me with his blade in the air.  As I had seen no such proceedings
from Alan, and was besides a good deal affected with the proximity of
death, I grew quite bewildered, stood helpless, and could have longed to
run away.

“Fat deil ails her?” cries the lieutenant.

And suddenly engaging, he twitched the sword out of my grasp and sent it
flying far among the rushes.

Twice was this manœuvre repeated; and the third time when I brought back
my humiliated weapon, I found he had returned his own to the scabbard,
and stood awaiting me with a face of some anger, and his hands clasped
under his skirt.

“Pe tamned if I touch you!” he cried, and asked me bitterly what right I
had to stand up before “shentlemans” when I did not know the back of a
sword from the front of it.

I answered that was the fault of my upbringing; and would he do me the
justice to say I had given him all the satisfaction it was unfortunately
in my power to offer, and had stood up like a man?

“And that is the truth,” said he.  “I am fery prave myself, and pold as a
lions.  But to stand up there—and you ken naething of fence!—the way that
you did, I declare it was peyond me.  And I am sorry for the plow; though
I declare I pelief your own was the elder brother, and my heid still
sings with it.  And I declare if I had kent what way it wass, I would not
put a hand to such a piece of pusiness.”

“That is handsomely said,” I replied, “and I am sure you will not stand
up a second time to be the actor for my private enemies.”

“Indeed, no, Palfour,” said he; “and I think I was used extremely
suffeeciently myself to be set up to fecht with an auld wife, or all the
same as a bairn whateffer!  And I will tell the Master so, and fecht him,
by Cot, himself!”

“And if you knew the nature of Mr. Simon’s quarrel with me,” said I, “you
would be yet the more affronted to be mingled up with such affairs.”

He swore he could well believe it; that all the Lovats were made of the
same meal and the devil was the miller that ground that; then suddenly
shaking me by the hand, he vowed I was a pretty enough fellow after all,
that it was a thousand pities I had been neglected, and that if he could
find the time, he would give an eye himself to have me educated.

“You can do me a better service than even what you propose,” said I; and
when he had asked its nature—“Come with me to the house of one of my
enemies, and testify how I have carried myself this day,” I told him.
“That will be the true service.  For though he has sent me a gallant
adversary for the first, the thought in Mr. Simon’s mind is merely
murder.  There will be a second and then a third; and by what you have
seen of my cleverness with the cold steel, you can judge for yourself
what is like to be the upshot.”

“And I would not like it myself, if I was no more of a man than what you
wass!” he cried.  “But I will do you right, Palfour.  Lead on!”

If I had walked slowly on the way into that accursed park my heels were
light enough on the way out.  They kept time to a very good old air, that
is as ancient as the Bible, and the words of it are: “_Surely the
bitterness of death is passed_.”  I mind that I was extremely thirsty,
and had a drink at Saint Margaret’s well on the road down, and the
sweetness of that water passed belief.  We went through the sanctuary, up
the Canongate, in by the Netherbow, and straight to Prestongrange’s door,
talking as we came and arranging the details of our affair.  The footman
owned his master was at home, but declared him engaged with other
gentlemen on very private business, and his door forbidden.

“My business is but for three minutes, and it cannot wait,” said I.  “You
may say it is by no means private, and I shall be even glad to have some

As the man departed unwillingly enough upon this errand, we made so bold
as to follow him to the ante-chamber, whence I could hear for a while the
murmuring of several voices in the room within.  The truth is, they were
three at the one table—Prestongrange, Simon Fraser, and Mr. Erskine,
Sheriff of Perth; and as they were met in consultation on the very
business of the Appin murder, they were a little disturbed at my
appearance, but decided to receive me.

“Well, well, Mr. Balfour, and what brings you here again? and who is this
you bring with you?” says Prestongrange.

As for Fraser, he looked before him on the table.

“He is here to bear a little testimony in my favour, my lord, which I
think it very needful you should hear,” said I, and turned to Duncansby.

“I have only to say this,” said the lieutenant, “that I stood up this day
with Palfour in the Hunter’s Pog, which I am now fery sorry for, and he
behaved himself as pretty as a shentlemans could ask it.  And I have
creat respects for Palfour,” he added.

“I thank you for your honest expressions,” said I.

Whereupon Duncansby made his bow to the company, and left the chamber, as
we had agreed upon before.

“What have I to do with this?” says Prestongrange.

“I will tell your lordship in two words,” said I.  “I have brought this
gentleman, a King’s officer, to do me so much justice.  Now I think my
character is covered, and until a certain date, which your lordship can
very well supply, it will be quite in vain to despatch against me any
more officers.  I will not consent to fight my way through the garrison
of the castle.”

The veins swelled on Prestongrange’s brow, and he regarded me with fury.

“I think the devil uncoupled this dog of a lad between my legs!” he
cried; and then, turning fiercely on his neighbour, “This is some of your
work, Simon,” he said.  “I spy your hand in the business, and, let me
tell you, I resent it.  It is disloyal, when we are agreed upon one
expedient, to follow another in the dark.  You are disloyal to me.  What!
you let me send this lad to the place with my very daughters!  And
because I let drop a word to you..... Fy, sir, keep your dishonours to

Simon was deadly pale.  “I will be a kick-ball between you and the Duke
no longer,” he exclaimed.  “Either come to an agreement, or come to a
differ, and have it out among yourselves.  But I will no longer fetch and
carry, and get your contrary instructions, and be blamed by both.  For if
I were to tell you what I think of all your Hanover business it would
make your head sing.”

But Sheriff Erskine had preserved his temper, and now intervened
smoothly.  “And in the meantime,” says he, “I think we should tell Mr.
Balfour that his character for valour is quite established.  He may sleep
in peace.  Until the date he was so good as to refer to it shall be put
to the proof no more.”

His coolness brought the others to their prudence; and they made haste,
with a somewhat distracted civility, to pack me from the house.


When I left Prestongrange that afternoon I was for the first time angry.
The Advocate had made a mock of me.  He had pretended my testimony was to
be received and myself respected; and in that very hour, not only was
Simon practising against my life by the hands of the Highland soldier,
but (as appeared from his own language) Prestongrange himself had some
design in operation.  I counted my enemies; Prestongrange with all the
King’s authority behind him; and the Duke with the power of the West
Highlands; and the Lovat interest by their side to help them with so
great a force in the north, and the whole clan of old Jacobite spies and
traffickers.  And when I remembered James More, and the red head of Neil
the son of Duncan, I thought there was perhaps a fourth in the
confederacy, and what remained of Rob Roy’s old desperate sept of
caterans would be banded against me with the others.  One thing was
requisite—some strong friend or wise adviser.  The country must be full
of such, both able and eager to support me, or Lovat and the Duke and
Prestongrange had not been nosing for expedients; and it made me rage to
think that I might brush against my champions in the street and be no

And just then (like an answer) a gentleman brushed against me going by,
gave me a meaning look, and turned into a close.  I knew him with the
tail of my eye—it was Stewart the Writer; and, blessing my good fortune,
turned in to follow him.  As soon as I had entered the close I saw him
standing in the mouth of a stair, where he made me a signal and
immediately vanished.  Seven storeys up, there he was again in a house
door, the which he looked behind us after we had entered.  The house was
quite dismantled, with not a stick of furniture; indeed, it was one of
which Stewart had the letting in his hands.

“We’ll have to sit upon the floor,” said he; “but we’re safe here for the
time being, and I’ve been wearying to see ye, Mr. Balfour.”

“How’s it with Alan?” I asked.

“Brawly,” said he.  “Andie picks him up at Gillane sands to-morrow,
Wednesday.  He was keen to say good-bye to ye, but the way that things
were going, I was feared the pair of ye was maybe best apart.  And that
brings me to the essential: how does your business speed?”

“Why,” said I, “I was told only this morning that my testimony was
accepted, and I was to travel to Inverary with the Advocate, no less.”

“Hout awa!” cried Stewart.  “I’ll never believe that.”

“I have maybe a suspicion of my own,” says I, “but I would like fine to
hear your reasons.”

“Well, I tell ye fairly, I’m horn-mad,” cries Stewart.  “If my one hand
could pull their Government down I would pluck it like a rotten apple.
I’m doer for Appin and for James of the Glens; and, of course, it’s my
duty to defend my kinsman for his life.  Hear how it goes with me, and
I’ll leave the judgment of it to yourself.  The first thing they have to
do is to get rid of Alan.  They cannae bring in James as art and part
until they’ve brought in Alan first as principal; that’s sound law: they
could never put the cart before the horse.”

“And how are they to bring in Alan till they can catch him?” says I.

“Ah, but there is a way to evite that arrestment,” said he.  “Sound law,
too.  It would be a bonny thing if, by the escape of one ill-doer another
was to go scatheless, and the remeid is to summon the principal and put
him to outlawry for the non-compearance.  Now there’s four places where a
person can be summoned: at his dwelling-house; at a place where he has
resided forty days; at the head burgh of the shire where he ordinarily
resorts; or lastly (if there be ground to think him forth of Scotland)
_at the cross of Edinburgh_, _and the pier and shore of Leith_, _for
sixty days_.  The purpose of which last provision is evident upon its
face: being that outgoing ships may have time to carry news of the
transaction, and the summonsing be something other than a form.  Now take
the case of Alan.  He has no dwelling-house that ever I could hear of; I
would be obliged if anyone would show me where he has lived forty days
together since the ’45; there is no shire where he resorts whether
ordinarily or extraordinarily; if he has a domicile at all, which I
misdoubt, it must be with his regiment in France; and if he is not yet
forth of Scotland (as we happen to know and they happen to guess) it must
be evident to the most dull it’s what he’s aiming for.  Where, then, and
what way should he be summoned?  I ask it at yourself, a layman.”

“You have given the very words,” said I.  “Here at the cross, and at the
pier and shore of Leith, for sixty days.”

“Ye’re a sounder Scots lawyer than Prestongrange, then!” cries the
Writer.  “He has had Alan summoned once; that was on the twenty-fifth,
the day that we first met.  Once, and done with it.  And where?  Where,
but at the cross of Inverary, the head burgh of the Campbells?  A word in
your ear, Mr. Balfour—they’re not seeking Alan.”

“What do you mean?” I cried.  “Not seeking him?”

“By the best that I can make of it,” said he.  “Not wanting to find him,
in my poor thought.  They think perhaps he might set up a fair defence,
upon the back of which James, the man they’re really after, might climb
out.  This is not a case, ye see, it’s a conspiracy.”

“Yet I can tell you Prestongrange asked after Alan keenly,” said I;
“though, when I come to think of it, he was something of the easiest put

“See that!” says he.  “But there!  I may be right or wrong, that’s
guesswork at the best, and let me get to my facts again.  It comes to my
ears that James and the witnesses—the witnesses, Mr. Balfour!—lay in
close dungeons, and shackled forbye, in the military prison at Fort
William; none allowed in to them, nor they to write.  The witnesses, Mr.
Balfour; heard ye ever the match of that?  I assure ye, no old, crooked
Stewart of the gang ever out-faced the law more impudently.  It’s clean
in the two eyes of the Act of Parliament of 1700, anent wrongous
imprisonment.  No sooner did I get the news than I petitioned the Lord
Justice Clerk.  I have his word to-day.  There’s law for ye! here’s

He put a paper in my hand, that same mealy-mouthed, false-faced paper
that was printed since in the pamphlet “by a bystander,” for behoof (as
the title says) of James’s “poor widow and five children.”

“See,” said Stewart, “he couldn’t dare to refuse me access to my client,
so he _recommends the commanding officer to let me in_.  Recommends!—the
Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland recommends.  Is not the purpose of such
language plain?  They hope the officer may be so dull, or so very much
the reverse, as to refuse the recommendation.  I would have to make the
journey back again betwixt here and Fort William.  Then would follow a
fresh delay till I got fresh authority, and they had disavowed the
officer—military man, notoriously ignorant of the law, and that—I ken the
cant of it.  Then the journey a third time; and there we should be on the
immediate heels of the trial before I had received my first instruction.
Am I not right to call this a conspiracy?”

“It will bear that colour,” said I.

“And I’ll go on to prove it you outright,” said he.  “They have the right
to hold James in prison, yet they cannot deny me to visit him.  They have
no right to hold the witnesses; but am I to get a sight of them, that
should be as free as the Lord Justice Clerk himself!  See—read: _For the
rest_, _refuses to give any orders to keepers of prisons who are not
accused as having done anything contrary to the duties of their office_.
Anything contrary!  Sirs!  And the Act of seventeen hunner?  Mr. Balfour,
this makes my heart to burst; the heather is on fire inside my wame.”

“And the plain English of that phrase,” said I, “is that the witnesses
are still to lie in prison and you are not to see them?”

“And I am not to see them until Inverary, when the court is set!” cries
he, “and then to hear Prestongrange upon _the anxious responsibilities of
his office and the great facilities afforded the defence_!  But I’ll
begowk them there, Mr. David.  I have a plan to waylay the witnesses upon
the road, and see if I cannae get I a little harle of justice out of the
_military man notoriously ignorant of the law_ that shall command the

It was actually so—it was actually on the wayside near Tynedrum, and by
the connivance of a soldier officer, that Mr. Stewart first saw the
witnesses upon the case.

“There is nothing that would surprise me in this business,” I remarked.

“I’ll surprise you ere I’m done!” cries he.  “Do ye see this?”—producing
a print still wet from the press.  “This is the libel: see, there’s
Prestongrange’s name to the list of witnesses, and I find no word of any
Balfour.  But here is not the question.  Who do ye think paid for the
printing of this paper?”

“I suppose it would likely be King George,” said I.

“But it happens it was me!” he cried.  “Not but it was printed by and for
themselves, for the Grants and the Erskines, and yon thief of the black
midnight, Simon Fraser.  But could _I_ win to get a copy!  No!  I was to
go blindfold to my defence; I was to hear the charges for the first time
in court alongst the jury.”

“Is not this against the law?” I asked.

“I cannot say so much,” he replied.  “It was a favour so natural and so
constantly rendered (till this nonesuch business) that the law has never
looked to it.  And now admire the hand of Providence!  A stranger is in
Fleming’s printing house, spies a proof on the floor, picks it up, and
carries it to me.  Of all things, it was just this libel.  Whereupon I
had it set again—printed at the expense of the defence: _sumptibus moesti
rei_; heard ever man the like of it?—and here it is for anybody, the
muckle secret out—all may see it now.  But how do you think I would enjoy
this, that has the life of my kinsman on my conscience?”

“Troth, I think you would enjoy it ill,” said I.

“And now you see how it is,” he concluded, “and why, when you tell me
your evidence is to be let in, I laugh aloud in your face.”

It was now my turn.  I laid before him in brief Mr. Simon’s threats and
offers, and the whole incident of the bravo, with the subsequent scene at
Prestongrange’s.  Of my first talk, according to promise, I said nothing,
nor indeed was it necessary.  All the time I was talking Stewart nodded
his head like a mechanical figure; and no sooner had my voice ceased,
than he opened his mouth and gave me his opinion in two words, dwelling
strong on both of them.

“Disappear yourself,” said he.

“I do not take you,” said I.

“Then I’ll carry you there,” said he.  “By my view of it you’re to
disappear whatever.  O, that’s outside debate.  The Advocate, who is not
without some spunks of a remainder decency, has wrung your life-safe out
of Simon and the Duke.  He has refused to put you on your trial, and
refused to have you killed; and there is the clue to their ill words
together, for Simon and the Duke can keep faith with neither friend nor
enemy.  Ye’re not to be tried then, and ye’re not to be murdered; but I’m
in bitter error if ye’re not to be kidnapped and carried away like the
Lady Grange.  Bet me what ye please—there was their _expedient_!”

“You make me think,” said I, and told him of the whistle and the
red-headed retainer, Neil.

“Wherever James More is there’s one big rogue, never be deceived on
that,” said he.  “His father was none so ill a man, though a kenning on
the wrong side of the law, and no friend to my family, that I should
waste my breath to be defending him!  But as for James he’s a brock and a
blagyard.  I like the appearance of this red-headed Neil as little as
yourself.  It looks uncanny: fiegh! it smells bad.  It was old Lovat that
managed the Lady Grange affair; if young Lovat is to handle yours, it’ll
be all in the family.  What’s James More in prison for?  The same
offence: abduction.  His men have had practice in the business.  He’ll be
to lend them to be Simon’s instruments; and the next thing we’ll be
hearing, James will have made his peace, or else he’ll have escaped; and
you’ll be in Benbecula or Applecross.”

“Ye make a strong case,” I admitted.

“And what I want,” he resumed, “is that you should disappear yourself ere
they can get their hands upon ye.  Lie quiet until just before the trial,
and spring upon them at the last of it when they’ll be looking for you
least.  This is always supposing Mr. Balfour, that your evidence is worth
so very great a measure of both risk and fash.”

“I will tell you one thing,” said I.  “I saw the murderer and it was not

“Then, by God, my cousin’s saved!” cried Stewart.  “You have his life
upon your tongue; and there’s neither time, risk, nor money to be spared
to bring you to the trial.”  He emptied his pockets on the floor.  “Here
is all that I have by me,” he went on, “Take it, ye’ll want it ere ye’re
through.  Go straight down this close, there’s a way out by there to the
Lang Dykes, and by my will of it! see no more of Edinburgh till the clash
is over.”

“Where am I to go, then?” I inquired.

“And I wish that I could tell ye!” says he, “but all the places that I
could send ye to, would be just the places they would seek.  No, ye must
fend for yourself, and God be your guiding!  Five days before the trial,
September the sixteen, get word to me at the _King’s Arms_ in Stirling;
and if ye’ve managed for yourself as long as that, I’ll see that ye reach

“One thing more,” said I.  “Can I no see Alan?”

He seemed boggled.  “Hech, I would rather you wouldnae,” said he.  “But I
can never deny that Alan is extremely keen of it, and is to lie this
night by Silvermills on purpose.  If you’re sure that you’re not
followed, Mr. Balfour—but make sure of that—lie in a good place and watch
your road for a clear hour before ye risk it.  It would be a dreadful
business if both you and him was to miscarry!”


It was about half-past three when I came forth on the Lang Dykes.  Dean
was where I wanted to go.  Since Catriona dwelled there, and her kinsfolk
the Glengyle Macgregors appeared almost certainly to be employed against
me, it was just one of the few places I should have kept away from; and
being a very young man, and beginning to be very much in love, I turned
my face in that direction without pause.  As a slave to my conscience and
common sense, however, I took a measure of precaution.  Coming over the
crown of a bit of a rise in the road, I clapped down suddenly among the
barley and lay waiting.  After a while, a man went by that looked to be a
Highlandman, but I had never seen him till that hour.  Presently after
came Neil of the red head.  The next to go past was a miller’s cart, and
after that nothing but manifest country people.  Here was enough to have
turned the most foolhardy from his purpose, but my inclination ran too
strong the other way.  I argued it out that if Neil was on that road, it
was the right road to find him in, leading direct to his chief’s
daughter; as for the other Highlandman, if I was to be startled off by
every Highlandman I saw, I would scarce reach anywhere.  And having quite
satisfied myself with this disingenuous debate, I made the better speed
of it, and came a little after four to Mrs. Drumond-Ogilvy’s.

Both ladies were within the house; and upon my perceiving them together
by the open door, I plucked off my hat and said, “Here was a lad come
seeking saxpence,” which I thought might please the dowager.

Catriona ran out to greet me heartily, and, to my surprise, the old lady
seemed scarce less forward than herself.  I learned long afterwards that
she had despatched a horseman by daylight to Rankeillor at the
Queensferry, whom she knew to be the doer for Shaws, and had then in her
pocket a letter from that good friend of mine, presenting, in the most
favourable view, my character and prospects.  But had I read it I could
scarce have seen more clear in her designs.  Maybe I was _countryfeed_;
at least, I was not so much so as she thought; and it was even to my
homespun wits, that she was bent to hammer up a match between her cousin
and a beardless boy that was something of a laird in Lothian.

“Saxpence had better take his broth with us, Catrine,” says she.  “Run
and tell the lasses.”

And for the little while we were alone was at a good deal of pains to
flatter me; always cleverly, always with the appearance of a banter,
still calling me Saxpence, but with such a turn that should rather uplift
me in my own opinion.  When Catriona returned, the design became if
possible more obvious; and she showed off the girl’s advantages like a
horse-couper with a horse.  My face flamed that she should think me so
obtuse.  Now I would fancy the girl was being innocently made a show of,
and then I could have beaten the old carline wife with a cudgel; and now,
that perhaps these two had set their heads together to entrap me, and at
that I sat and gloomed betwixt them like the very image of ill-will.  At
last the matchmaker had a better device, which was to leave the pair of
us alone.  When my suspicions are anyway roused it is sometimes a little
the wrong side of easy to allay them.  But though I knew what breed she
was of, and that was a breed of thieves, I could never look in Catriona’s
face and disbelieve her.

“I must not ask?” says she, eagerly, the same moment we were left alone.

“Ah, but to-day I can talk with a free conscience,” I replied.  “I am
lightened of my pledge, and indeed (after what has come and gone since
morning) I would not have renewed it were it asked.”

“Tell me,” she said.  “My cousin will not be so long.”

So I told her the tale of the lieutenant from the first step to the last
of it, making it as mirthful as I could, and, indeed, there was matter of
mirth in that absurdity.

“And I think you will be as little fitted for the rudas men as for the
pretty ladies, after all!” says she, when I had done.  “But what was your
father that he could not learn you to draw the sword!  It is most
ungentle; I have not heard the match of that in anyone.”

“It is most misconvenient at least,” said I; “and I think my father
(honest man!) must have been wool-gathering to learn me Latin in the
place of it.  But you see I do the best I can, and just stand up like
Lot’s wife and let them hammer at me.”

“Do you know what makes me smile?” said she.  “Well, it is this.  I am
made this way, that I should have been a man child.  In my own thoughts
it is so I am always; and I go on telling myself about this thing that is
to befall and that.  Then it comes to the place of the fighting, and it
comes over me that I am only a girl at all events, and cannot hold a
sword or give one good blow; and then I have to twist my story round
about, so that the fighting is to stop, and yet me have the best of it,
just like you and the lieutenant; and I am the boy that makes the fine
speeches all through, like Mr. David Balfour.”

“You are a bloodthirsty maid,” said I.

“Well, I know it is good to sew and spin, and to make samplers,” she
said, “but if you were to do nothing else in the great world, I think you
will say yourself it is a driech business; and it is not that I want to
kill, I think.  Did ever you kill anyone?”

“That I have, as it chances.  Two, no less, and me still a lad that
should be at the college,” said I.  “But yet, in the look-back, I take no
shame for it.”

“But how did you feel, then—after it?” she asked.

‘”Deed, I sat down and grat like a bairn,” said I.

“I know that, too,” she cried.  “I feel where these tears should come
from.  And at any rate, I would not wish to kill, only to be Catherine
Douglas that put her arm through the staples of the bolt, where it was
broken.  That is my chief hero.  Would you not love to die so—for your
king?” she asked.

“Troth,” said I, “my affection for my king, God bless the puggy face of
him, is under more control; and I thought I saw death so near to me this
day already, that I am rather taken up with the notion of living.”

“Right,” she said, “the right mind of a man!  Only you must learn arms; I
would not like to have a friend that cannot strike.  But it will not have
been with the sword that you killed these two?”

“Indeed, no,” said I, “but with a pair of pistols.  And a fortunate thing
it was the men were so near-hand to me, for I am about as clever with the
pistols as I am with the sword.”

So then she drew from me the story of our battle in the brig, which I had
omitted in my first account of my affairs.

“Yes,” said she, “you are brave.  And your friend, I admire and love

“Well, and I think anyone would!” said I.  “He has his faults like other
folk; but he is brave and staunch and kind, God bless him!  That will be
a strange day when I forget Alan.”  And the thought of him, and that it
was within my choice to speak with him that night, had almost overcome

“And where will my head be gone that I have not told my news!” she cried,
and spoke of a letter from her father, bearing that she might visit him
to-morrow in the castle whither he was now transferred, and that his
affairs were mending.  “You do not like to hear it,” said she.  “Will you
judge my father and not know him?”

“I am a thousand miles from judging,” I replied.  “And I give you my word
I do rejoice to know your heart is lightened.  If my face fell at all, as
I suppose it must, you will allow this is rather an ill day for
compositions, and the people in power extremely ill persons to be
compounding with.  I have Simon Fraser extremely heavy on my stomach

“Ah!” she cried, “you will not be evening these two; and you should bear
in mind that Prestongrange and James More, my father, are of the one

“I never heard tell of that,” said I.

“It is rather singular how little you are acquainted with,” said she.
“One part may call themselves Grant, and one Macgregor, but they are
still of the same clan.  They are all the sons of Alpin, from whom, I
think, our country has its name.”

“What country is that?” I asked.

“My country and yours,” said she.

“This is my day for discovering I think,” said I, “for I always thought
the name of it was Scotland.”

“Scotland is the name of what you call Ireland,” she replied.  “But the
old ancient true name of this place that we have our foot-soles on, and
that our bones are made of, will be Alban.  It was Alban they called it
when our forefathers will be fighting for it against Rome and Alexander;
and it is called so still in your own tongue that you forget.”

“Troth,” said I, “and that I never learned!”  For I lacked heart to take
her up about the Macedonian.

“But your fathers and mothers talked it, one generation with another,”
said she.  “And it was sung about the cradles before you or me were ever
dreamed of; and your name remembers it still.  Ah, if you could talk that
language you would find me another girl.  The heart speaks in that

I had a meal with the two ladies, all very good, served in fine old
plate, and the wine excellent, for it seems that Mrs. Ogilvy was rich.
Our talk, too, was pleasant enough; but as soon as I saw the sun decline
sharply and the shadows to run out long, I rose to take my leave.  For my
mind was now made up to say farewell to Alan; and it was needful I should
see the trysting wood, and reconnoitre it, by daylight.  Catriona came
with me as far as to the garden gate.

“It is long till I see you now?” she asked.

“It is beyond my judging,” I replied.  “It will be long, it may be

“It may be so,” said she.  “And you are sorry?”

I bowed my head, looking upon her.

“So am I, at all events,” said she.  “I have seen you but a small time,
but I put you very high.  You are true, you are brave; in time I think
you will be more of a man yet.  I will be proud to hear of that.  If you
should speed worse, if it will come to fall as we are afraid—O well!
think you have the one friend.  Long after you are dead and me an old
wife, I will be telling the bairns about David Balfour, and my tears
running.  I will be telling how we parted, and what I said to you, and
did to you.  _God go with you and guide you_, _prays your little friend_:
so I said—I will be telling them—and here is what I did.”

She took up my hand and kissed it.  This so surprised my spirits that I
cried out like one hurt.  The colour came strong in her face, and she
looked at me and nodded.

“O yes, Mr. David,” said she, “that is what I think of you.  The head
goes with the lips.”

I could read in her face high spirit, and a chivalry like a brave
child’s; not anything besides.  She kissed my hand, as she had kissed
Prince Charlie’s, with a higher passion than the common kind of clay has
any sense of.  Nothing before had taught me how deep I was her lover, nor
how far I had yet to climb to make her think of me in such a character.
Yet I could tell myself I had advanced some way, and that her heart had
beat and her blood flowed at thoughts of me.

After that honour she had done me I could offer no more trivial civility.
It was even hard for me to speak; a certain lifting in her voice had
knocked directly at the door of my own tears.

“I praise God for your kindness, dear,” said I.  “Farewell, my little
friend!” giving her that name which she had given to herself; with which
I bowed and left her.

My way was down the glen of the Leith River, towards Stockbridge and
Silvermills.  A path led in the foot of it, the water bickered and sang
in the midst; the sunbeams overhead struck out of the west among long
shadows and (as the valley turned) made like a new scene and a new world
of it at every corner.  With Catriona behind and Alan before me, I was
like one lifted up.  The place besides, and the hour, and the talking of
the water, infinitely pleased me; and I lingered in my steps and looked
before and behind me as I went.  This was the cause, under Providence,
that I spied a little in my rear a red head among some bushes.

Anger sprang in my heart, and I turned straight about and walked at a
stiff pace to where I came from.  The path lay close by the bushes where
I had remarked the head.  The cover came to the wayside, and as I passed
I was all strung up to meet and to resist an onfall.  No such thing
befell, I went by unmeddled with; and at that fear increased upon me.  It
was still day indeed, but the place exceeding solitary.  If my haunters
had let slip that fair occasion I could but judge they aimed at something
more than David Balfour.  The lives of Alan and James weighed upon my
spirit with the weight of two grown bullocks.

Catriona was yet in the garden walking by herself.

“Catriona,” said I, “you see me back again.”

“With a changed face,” said she.

“I carry two men’s lives besides my own,” said I.  “It would be a sin and
shame not to walk carefully.  I was doubtful whether I did right to come
here.  I would like it ill, if it was by that means we were brought to

“I could tell you one that would be liking it less, and will like little
enough to hear you talking at this very same time,” she cried.  “What
have I done, at all events?”

“O, you I you are not alone,” I replied.  “But since I went off I have
been dogged again, and I can give you the name of him that follows me.
It is Neil, son of Duncan, your man or your father’s.”

“To be sure you are mistaken there,” she said, with a white face.  “Neil
is in Edinburgh on errands from my father.”

“It is what I fear,” said I, “the last of it.  But for his being in
Edinburgh I think I can show you another of that.  For sure you have some
signal, a signal of need, such as would bring him to your help, if he was
anywhere within the reach of ears and legs?”

“Why, how will you know that?” says she.

“By means of a magical talisman God gave to me when I was born, and the
name they call it by is Common-sense,” said I.  “Oblige me so far as make
your signal, and I will show you the red head of Neil.”

No doubt but I spoke bitter and sharp.  My heart was bitter.  I blamed
myself and the girl and hated both of us: her for the vile crew that she
was come of, myself for my wanton folly to have stuck my head in such a
byke of wasps.

Catriona set her fingers to her lips and whistled once, with an exceeding
clear, strong, mounting note, as full as a ploughman’s.  A while we stood
silent; and I was about to ask her to repeat the same, when I heard the
sound of some one bursting through the bushes below on the braeside.  I
pointed in that direction with a smile, and presently Neil leaped into
the garden.  His eyes burned, and he had a black knife (as they call it
on the Highland side) naked in his hand; but, seeing me beside his
mistress, stood like a man struck.

“He has come to your call,” said I; “judge how near he was to Edinburgh,
or what was the nature of your father’s errands.  Ask himself.  If I am
to lose my life, or the lives of those that hang by me, through the means
of your clan, let me go where I have to go with my eyes open.”

She addressed him tremulously in the Gaelic.  Remembering Alan’s anxious
civility in that particular, I could have laughed out loud for
bitterness; here, sure, in the midst of these suspicions, was the hour
she should have stuck by English.

Twice or thrice they spoke together, and I could make out that Neil (for
all his obsequiousness) was an angry man.

Then she turned to me.  “He swears it is not,” she said.

“Catriona,” said I, “do you believe the man yourself?”

She made a gesture like wringing the hands.

“How will I can know?” she cried.

“But I must find some means to know,” said I.  “I cannot continue to go
dovering round in the black night with two men’s lives at my girdle!
Catriona, try to put yourself in my place, as I vow to God I try hard to
put myself in yours.  This is no kind of talk that should ever have
fallen between me and you; no kind of talk; my heart is sick with it.
See, keep him here till two of the morning, and I care not.  Try him with

They spoke together once more in the Gaelic.

“He says he has James More my father’s errand,” said she.  She was whiter
than ever, and her voice faltered as she said it.

“It is pretty plain now,” said I, “and may God forgive the wicked!”

She said never anything to that, but continued gazing at me with the same
white face.

“This is a fine business,” said I again.  “Am I to fall, then, and those
two along with me?”

“O, what am I to do?” she cried.  “Could I go against my father’s orders,
him in prison, in the danger of his life!”

“But perhaps we go too fast,” said I.  “This may be a lie too.  He may
have no right orders; all may be contrived by Simon, and your father
knowing nothing.”

She burst out weeping between the pair of us; and my heart smote me hard,
for I thought this girl was in a dreadful situation.

“Here,” said I, “keep him but the one hour; and I’ll chance it, and may
God bless you.”

She put out her hand to me, “I will he needing one good word,” she

“The full hour, then?” said I, keeping her hand in mine.  “Three lives of
it, my lass!”

“The full hour!” she said, and cried aloud on her Redeemer to forgive

I thought it no fit place for me, and fled.


I lost no time, but down through the valley and by Stockbridge and
Silvermills as hard as I could stave.  It was Alan’s tryst to be every
night between twelve and two “in a bit scrog of wood by east of
Silvermills and by south the south mill-lade.”  This I found easy enough,
where it grew on a steep brae, with the mill-lade flowing swift and deep
along the foot of it; and here I began to walk slower and to reflect more
reasonably on my employment.  I saw I had made but a fool’s bargain with
Catriona.  It was not to be supposed that Neil was sent alone upon his
errand, but perhaps he was the only man belonging to James More; in which
case I should have done all I could to hang Catriona’s father, and
nothing the least material to help myself.  To tell the truth, I fancied
neither one of these ideas.  Suppose by holding back Neil, the girl
should have helped to hang her father, I thought she would never forgive
herself this side of time.  And suppose there were others pursuing me
that moment, what kind of a gift was I come bringing to Alan? and how
would I like that?

I was up with the west end of that wood when these two considerations
struck me like a cudgel.  My feet stopped of themselves and my heart
along with them.  “What wild game is this that I have been playing?”
thought I; and turned instantly upon my heels to go elsewhere.

This brought my face to Silvermills; the path came past the village with
a crook, but all plainly visible; and, Highland or Lowland, there was
nobody stirring.  Here was my advantage, here was just such a conjuncture
as Stewart had counselled me to profit by, and I ran by the side of the
mill-lade, fetched about beyond the east corner of the wood, threaded
through the midst of it, and returned to the west selvage, whence I could
again command the path, and yet be myself unseen.  Again it was all
empty, and my heart began to rise.

For more than an hour I sat close in the border of the trees, and no hare
or eagle could have kept a more particular watch.  When that hour began
the sun was already set, but the sky still all golden and the daylight
clear; before the hour was done it had fallen to be half mirk, the images
and distances of things were mingled, and observation began to be
difficult.  All that time not a foot of man had come east from
Silvermills, and the few that had gone west were honest countryfolk and
their wives upon the road to bed.  If I were tracked by the most cunning
spies in Europe, I judged it was beyond the course of nature they could
have any jealousy of where I was: and going a little further home into
the wood I lay down to wait for Alan.

The strain of my attention had been great, for I had watched not the path
only, but every bush and field within my vision.  That was now at an end.
The moon, which was in her first quarter, glinted a little in the wood;
all round there was a stillness of the country; and as I lay there on my
back, the next three or four hours, I had a fine occasion to review my

Two things became plain to me first: that I had no right to go that day
to Dean, and (having gone there) had now no right to be lying where I
was.  This (where Alan was to come) was just the one wood in all broad
Scotland that was, by every proper feeling, closed against me; I admitted
that, and yet stayed on, wondering at myself.  I thought of the measure
with which I had meted to Catriona that same night; how I had prated of
the two lives I carried, and had thus forced her to enjeopardy her
father’s; and how I was here exposing them again, it seemed in
wantonness.  A good conscience is eight parts of courage.  No sooner had
I lost conceit of my behaviour, than I seemed to stand disarmed amidst a
throng of terrors.  Of a sudden I sat up.  How if I went now to
Prestongrange, caught him (as I still easily might) before he slept, and
made a full submission?  Who could blame me?  Not Stewart the Writer; I
had but to say that I was followed, despaired of getting clear, and so
gave in.  Not Catriona: here, too, I had my answer ready; that I could
not bear she should expose her father.  So, in a moment, I could lay all
these troubles by, which were after all and truly none of mine; swim
clear of the Appin Murder; get forth out of hand-stroke of all the
Stewarts and Campbells, all the Whigs and Tories, in the land; and live
henceforth to my own mind, and be able to enjoy and to improve my
fortunes, and devote some hours of my youth to courting Catriona, which
would be surely a more suitable occupation than to hide and run and be
followed like a hunted thief, and begin over again the dreadful miseries
of my escape with Alan.

At first I thought no shame of this capitulation; I was only amazed I had
not thought upon the thing and done it earlier; and began to inquire into
the causes of the change.  These I traced to my lowness of spirits, that
back to my late recklessness, and that again to the common, old, public,
disconsidered sin of self-indulgence.  Instantly the text came in my
head, “_How can Satan cast out Satan_?”  What? (I thought) I had, by
self-indulgence; and the following of pleasant paths, and the lure of a
young maid, cast myself wholly out of conceit with my own character, and
jeopardised the lives of James and Alan?  And I was to seek the way out
by the same road as I had entered in?  No; the hurt that had been caused
by self-indulgence must be cured by self-denial; the flesh I had pampered
must be crucified.  I looked about me for that course which I least liked
to follow: this was to leave the wood without waiting to see Alan, and go
forth again alone, in the dark and in the midst of my perplexed and
dangerous fortunes.

I have been the more careful to narrate this passage of my reflections,
because I think it is of some utility, and may serve as an example to
young men.  But there is reason (they say) in planting kale, and even in
ethic and religion, room for common sense.  It was already close on
Alan’s hour, and the moon was down.  If I left (as I could not very
decently whistle to my spies to follow me) they might miss me in the dark
and tack themselves to Alan by mistake.  If I stayed, I could at the
least of it set my friend upon his guard which might prove his mere
salvation.  I had adventured other peoples’ safety in a course of
self-indulgence; to have endangered them again, and now on a mere design
of penance, would have been scarce rational.  Accordingly, I had scarce
risen from my place ere I sat down again, but already in a different
frame of spirits, and equally marvelling at my past weakness and
rejoicing in my present composure.

Presently after came a crackling in the thicket.  Putting my mouth near
down to the ground, I whistled a note or two, of Alan’s air; an answer
came in the like guarded tone, and soon we had knocked together in the

“Is this you at last, Davie?” he whispered.

“Just myself,” said I.

“God, man, but I’ve been wearying to see ye!” says he.  “I’ve had the
longest kind of a time.  A’ day, I’ve had my dwelling into the inside of
a stack of hay, where I couldnae see the nebs of my ten fingers; and then
two hours of it waiting here for you, and you never coming!  Dod, and
ye’re none too soon the way it is, with me to sail the morn!  The morn?
what am I saying?—the day, I mean.”

“Ay, Alan, man, the day, sure enough,” said I.  “It’s past twelve now,
surely, and ye sail the day.  This’ll be a long road you have before

“We’ll have a long crack of it first,” said he.

“Well, indeed, and I have a good deal it will be telling you to hear,”
said I.

And I told him what behooved, making rather a jumble of it, but clear
enough when done.  He heard me out with very few questions, laughing here
and there like a man delighted: and the sound of his laughing (above all
there, in the dark, where neither one of us could see the other) was
extraordinary friendly to my heart.

“Ay, Davie, ye’re a queer character,” says he, when I had done: “a queer
bitch after a’, and I have no mind of meeting with the like of ye.  As
for your story, Prestongrange is a Whig like yoursel’, so I’ll say the
less of him; and, dod! I believe he was the best friend ye had, if ye
could only trust him.  But Simon Fraser and James More are my ain kind of
cattle, and I’ll give them the name that they deserve.  The muckle black
deil was father to the Frasers, a’body kens that; and as for the Gregara,
I never could abye the reek of them since I could stotter on two feet.  I
bloodied the nose of one, I mind, when I was still so wambly on my legs
that I cowped upon the top of him.  A proud man was my father that day,
God rest him! and I think he had the cause.  I’ll never can deny but what
Robin was something of a piper,” he added; “but as for James More, the
deil guide him for me!”

“One thing we have to consider,” said I.  “Was Charles Stewart right or
wrong?  Is it only me they’re after, or the pair of us?”

“And what’s your ain opinion, you that’s a man of so much experience?”
said he.

“It passes me,” said I.

“And me too,” says Alan.  “Do ye think this lass would keep her word to
ye?” he asked.

“I do that,” said I.

“Well, there’s nae telling,” said he.  “And anyway, that’s over and done:
he’ll be joined to the rest of them lang syne.”

“How many would ye think there would be of them?” I asked.

“That depends,” said Alan.  “If it was only you, they would likely send
two-three lively, brisk young birkies, and if they thought that I was to
appear in the employ, I daresay ten or twelve,” said he.

It was no use, I gave a little crack of laughter.

“And I think your own two eyes will have seen me drive that number, or
the double of it, nearer hand!” cries he.

“It matters the less,” said I, “because I am well rid of them for this

“Nae doubt that’s your opinion,” said he; “but I wouldnae be the least
surprised if they were hunkering this wood.  Ye see, David man; they’ll
be Hieland folk.  There’ll be some Frasers, I’m thinking, and some of the
Gregara; and I would never deny but what the both of them, and the
Gregara in especial, were clever experienced persons.  A man kens little
till he’s driven a spreagh of neat cattle (say) ten miles through a
throng lowland country and the black soldiers maybe at his tail.  It’s
there that I learned a great part of my penetration.  And ye need nae
tell me: it’s better than war; which is the next best, however, though
generally rather a bauchle of a business.  Now the Gregara have had grand

“No doubt that’s a branch of education that was left out with me,” said

“And I can see the marks of it upon ye constantly,” said Alan.  “But
that’s the strange thing about you folk of the college learning: ye’re
ignorat, and ye cannae see ’t.  Wae’s me for my Greek and Hebrew; but,
man, I ken that I dinnae ken them—there’s the differ of it.  Now, here’s
you.  Ye lie on your wame a bittie in the bield of this wood, and ye tell
me that ye’ve cuist off these Frasers and Macgregors.  Why?  _Because I
couldnae see them_, says you.  Ye blockhead, that’s their livelihood.”

“Take the worst of it,” said I, “and what are we to do?”

“I am thinking of that same,” said he.  “We might twine.  It wouldnae be
greatly to my taste; and forbye that, I see reasons against it.  First,
it’s now unco dark, and it’s just humanly possible we might give them the
clean slip.  If we keep together, we make but the ae line of it; if we
gang separate, we make twae of them: the more likelihood to stave in upon
some of these gentry of yours.  And then, second, if they keep the track
of us, it may come to a fecht for it yet, Davie; and then, I’ll confess I
would be blythe to have you at my oxter, and I think you would be none
the worse of having me at yours.  So, by my way of it, we should creep
out of this wood no further gone than just the inside of next minute, and
hold away east for Gillane, where I’m to find my ship.  It’ll be like old
days while it lasts, Davie; and (come the time) we’ll have to think what
you should be doing.  I’m wae to leave ye here, wanting me.”

“Have with ye, then!” says I.  “Do ye gang back where you were stopping?”

“Deil a fear!” said Alan.  “They were good folks to me, but I think they
would be a good deal disappointed if they saw my bonny face again.  For
(the way times go) I am nae just what ye could call a Walcome Guest.
Which makes me the keener for your company, Mr. David Balfour of the
Shaws, and set ye up!  For, leave aside twa cracks here in the wood with
Charlie Stewart, I have scarce said black or white since the day we
parted at Corstorphine.”

With which he rose from his place, and we began to move quietly eastward
through the wood.


It was likely between one and two; the moon (as I have said) was down; a
strongish wind, carrying a heavy wrack of cloud, had set in suddenly from
the west; and we began our movement in as black a night as ever a
fugitive or a murderer wanted.  The whiteness of the path guided us into
the sleeping town of Broughton, thence through Picardy, and beside my old
acquaintance the gibbet of the two thieves.  A little beyond we made a
useful beacon, which was a light in an upper window of Lochend.  Steering
by this, but a good deal at random, and with some trampling of the
harvest, and stumbling and falling down upon the banks, we made our way
across country, and won forth at last upon the linky, boggy muirland that
they call the Figgate Whins.  Here, under a bush of whin, we lay down the
remainder of that night and slumbered.

The day called us about five.  A beautiful morning it was, the high
westerly wind still blowing strong, but the clouds all blown away to
Europe.  Alan was already sitting up and smiling to himself.  It was my
first sight of my friend since we were parted, and I looked upon him with
enjoyment.  He had still the same big great-coat on his back; but (what
was new) he had now a pair of knitted boot-hose drawn above the knee.
Doubtless these were intended for disguise; but, as the day promised to
be warm, he made a most unseasonable figure.

“Well, Davie,” said he, “is this no a bonny morning?  Here is a day that
looks the way that a day ought to.  This is a great change of it from the
belly of my haystack; and while you were there sottering and sleeping I
have done a thing that maybe I do very seldom.”

“And what was that?” said I.

“O, just said my prayers,” said he.

“And where are my gentry, as ye call them?” I asked.

“Gude kens,” says he; “and the short and the long of it is that we must
take our chance of them.  Up with your foot-soles, Davie!  Forth,
Fortune, once again of it!  And a bonny walk we are like to have.”

So we went east by the beach of the sea, towards where the salt-pans were
smoking in by the Esk mouth.  No doubt there was a by-ordinary bonny
blink of morning sun on Arthur’s Seat and the green Pentlands; and the
pleasantness of the day appeared to set Alan among nettles.

“I feel like a gomeral,” says he, “to be leaving Scotland on a day like
this.  It sticks in my head; I would maybe like it better to stay here
and hing.”

“Ay, but ye wouldnae, Alan,” said I.

“No, but what France is a good place too,” he explained; “but it’s some
way no the same.  It’s brawer I believe, but it’s no Scotland.  I like it
fine when I’m there, man; yet I kind of weary for Scots divots and the
Scots peat-reek.”

“If that’s all you have to complain of, Alan, it’s no such great affair,”
said I.

“And it sets me ill to be complaining, whatever,” said he, “and me but
new out of yon deil’s haystack.”

“And so you were unco weary of your haystack?” I asked.

“Weary’s nae word for it,” said he.  “I’m not just precisely a man that’s
easily cast down; but I do better with caller air and the lift above my
head.  I’m like the auld Black Douglas (wasnae’t?) that likit better to
hear the laverock sing than the mouse cheep.  And yon place, ye see,
Davie—whilk was a very suitable place to hide in, as I’m free to own—was
pit mirk from dawn to gloaming.  There were days (or nights, for how
would I tell one from other?) that seemed to me as long as a long

“How did you know the hour to bide your tryst?” I asked.

“The goodman brought me my meat and a drop brandy, and a candle-dowp to
eat it by, about eleeven,” said he.  “So, when I had swallowed a bit, it
would he time to be getting to the wood.  There I lay and wearied for ye
sore, Davie,” says he, laying his hand on my shoulder “and guessed when
the two hours would be about by—unless Charlie Stewart would come and
tell me on his watch—and then back to the dooms haystack.  Na, it was a
driech employ, and praise the Lord that I have warstled through with it!”

“What did you do with yourself?” I asked.

“Faith,” said he, “the best I could!  Whiles I played at the
knucklebones.  I’m an extraordinar good hand at the knucklebones, but
it’s a poor piece of business playing with naebody to admire ye.  And
whiles I would make songs.”

“What were they about?” says I.

“O, about the deer and the heather,” says he, “and about the ancient old
chiefs that are all by with it lang syne, and just about what songs are
about in general.  And then whiles I would make believe I had a set of
pipes and I was playing.  I played some grand springs, and I thought I
played them awful bonny; I vow whiles that I could hear the squeal of
them!  But the great affair is that it’s done with.”

With that he carried me again to my adventures, which he heard all over
again with more particularity, and extraordinary approval, swearing at
intervals that I was “a queer character of a callant.”

“So ye were frich’ened of Sim Fraser?” he asked once.

“In troth was I!” cried I.

“So would I have been, Davie,” said he.  “And that is indeed a driedful
man.  But it is only proper to give the deil his due: and I can tell you
he is a most respectable person on the field of war.”

“Is he so brave?” I asked.

“Brave!” said he.  “He is as brave as my steel sword.”

The story of my duel set him beside himself.

“To think of that!” he cried.  “I showed ye the trick in Corrynakiegh
too.  And three times—three times disarmed!  It’s a disgrace upon my
character that learned ye!  Here, stand up, out with your airn; ye shall
walk no step beyond this place upon the road till ye can do yoursel’ and
me mair credit.”

“Alan,” said I, “this is midsummer madness.  Here is no time for fencing

“I cannae well say no to that,” he admitted.  “But three times, man!  And
you standing there like a straw bogle and rinning to fetch your ain sword
like a doggie with a pocket-napkin!  David, this man Duncansby must be
something altogether by-ordinar!  He maun be extraordinar skilly.  If I
had the time, I would gang straight back and try a turn at him mysel’.
The man must be a provost.”

“You silly fellow,” said I, “you forget it was just me.”

“Na,” said he, “but three times!”

“When ye ken yourself that I am fair incompetent,” I cried.

“Well, I never heard tell the equal of it,” said he.

“I promise you the one thing, Alan,” said I.  “The next time that we
forgather, I’ll be better learned.  You shall not continue to bear the
disgrace of a friend that cannot strike.”

“Ay, the next time!” says he.  “And when will that be, I would like to

“Well, Alan, I have had some thoughts of that, too,” said I; “and my plan
is this.  It’s my opinion to be called an advocate.”

“That’s but a weary trade, Davie,” says Alan, “and rather a blagyard one
forby.  Ye would be better in a king’s coat than that.”

“And no doubt that would be the way to have us meet,” cried I.  “But as
you’ll be in King Lewie’s coat, and I’ll be in King Geordie’s, we’ll have
a dainty meeting of it.”

“There’s some sense in that,” he admitted.

“An advocate, then, it’ll have to be,” I continued, “and I think it a
more suitable trade for a gentleman that was _three times_ disarmed.  But
the beauty of the thing is this: that one of the best colleges for that
kind of learning—and the one where my kinsman, Pilrig, made his
studies—is the college of Leyden in Holland.  Now, what say you, Alan?
Could not a cadet of _Royal Ecossais_ get a furlough, slip over the
marches, and call in upon a Leyden student?”

“Well, and I would think he could!” cried he.  “Ye see, I stand well in
with my colonel, Count Drummond-Melfort; and, what’s mair to the purpose
I have a cousin of mine lieutenant-colonel in a regiment of the
Scots-Dutch.  Naething could be mair proper than what I would get a leave
to see Lieutenant-Colonel Stewart of Halkett’s.  And Lord Melfort, who is
a very scienteefic kind of a man, and writes books like Cæsar, would be
doubtless very pleased to have the advantage of my observes.”

“Is Lord Meloort an author, then?” I asked, for much as Alan thought of
soldiers, I thought more of the gentry that write books.

“The very same, Davie,” said he.  “One would think a colonel would have
something better to attend to.  But what can I say that make songs?”

“Well, then,” said I, “it only remains you should give me an address to
write you at in France; and as soon as I am got to Leyden I will send you

“The best will be to write me in the care of my chieftain,” said he,
“Charles Stewart, of Ardsheil, Esquire, at the town of Melons, in the
Isle of France.  It might take long, or it might take short, but it would
aye get to my hands at the last of it.”

We had a haddock to our breakfast in Musselburgh, where it amused me
vastly to hear Alan.  His great-coat and boot-hose were extremely
remarkable this warm morning, and perhaps some hint of an explanation had
been wise; but Alan went into that matter like a business, or I should
rather say, like a diversion.  He engaged the goodwife of the house with
some compliments upon the rizzoring of our haddocks; and the whole of the
rest of our stay held her in talk about a cold he had taken on his
stomach, gravely relating all manner of symptoms and sufferings, and
hearing with a vast show of interest all the old wives’ remedies she
could supply him with in return.

We left Musselburgh before the first ninepenny coach was due from
Edinburgh for (as Alan said) that was a rencounter we might very well
avoid.  The wind although still high, was very mild, the sun shone
strong, and Alan began to suffer in proportion.  From Prestonpans he had
me aside to the field of Gladsmuir, where he exerted himself a great deal
more than needful to describe the stages of the battle.  Thence, at his
old round pace, we travelled to Cockenzie.  Though they were building
herring-busses there at Mrs. Cadell’s, it seemed a desert-like,
back-going town, about half full of ruined houses; but the ale-house was
clean, and Alan, who was now in a glowing heat, must indulge himself with
a bottle of ale, and carry on to the new luckie with the old story of the
cold upon his stomach, only now the symptoms were all different.

I sat listening; and it came in my mind that I had scarce ever heard him
address three serious words to any woman, but he was always drolling and
fleering and making a private mock of them, and yet brought to that
business a remarkable degree of energy and interest.  Something to this
effect I remarked to him, when the good-wife (as chanced) was called

“What do ye want?” says he.  “A man should aye put his best foot forrit
with the womankind; he should aye give them a bit of a story to divert
them, the poor lambs!  It’s what ye should learn to attend to, David; ye
should get the principles, it’s like a trade.  Now, if this had been a
young lassie, or onyways bonnie, she would never have heard tell of my
stomach, Davie.  But aince they’re too old to be seeking joes, they a’
set up to be apotecaries.  Why?  What do I ken?  They’ll be just the way
God made them, I suppose.  But I think a man would be a gomeral that
didnae give his attention to the same.”

And here, the luckie coming back, he turned from me as if with impatience
to renew their former conversation.  The lady had branched some while
before from Alan’s stomach to the case of a goodbrother of her own in
Aberlady, whose last sickness and demise she was describing at
extraordinary length.  Sometimes it was merely dull, sometimes both dull
and awful, for she talked with unction.  The upshot was that I fell in a
deep muse, looking forth of the window on the road, and scarce marking
what I saw.  Presently had any been looking they might have seen me to

“We pit a fomentation to his feet,” the good-wife was saying, “and a het
stane to his wame, and we gied him hyssop and water of pennyroyal, and
fine, clean balsam of sulphur for the hoast. . . ”

“Sir,” says I, cutting very quietly in, “there’s a friend of mine gone by
the house.”

“Is that e’en sae?” replies Alan, as though it were a thing of small
account.  And then, “Ye were saying, mem?” says he; and the wearyful wife
went on.

Presently, however, he paid her with a half-crown piece, and she must go
forth after the change.

“Was it him with the red head?” asked Alan.

“Ye have it,” said I.

“What did I tell you in the wood?” he cried.  “And yet it’s strange he
should be here too!  Was he his lane?”

“His lee-lane for what I could see,” said I.

“Did he gang by?” he asked.

“Straight by,” said I, “and looked neither to the right nor left.”

“And that’s queerer yet,” said Alan.  “It sticks in my mind, Davie, that
we should be stirring.  But where to?—deil hae’t!  This is like old days
fairly,” cries he.

“There is one big differ, though,” said I, “that now we have money in our

“And another big differ, Mr. Balfour,” says he, “that now we have dogs at
our tail.  They’re on the scent; they’re in full cry, David.  It’s a bad
business and be damned to it.”  And he sat thinking hard with a look of
his that I knew well.

“I’m saying, Luckie,” says he, when the goodwife returned, “have ye a
back road out of this change house?”

She told him there was and where it led to.

“Then, sir,” says he to me, “I think that will be the shortest road for
us.  And here’s good-bye to ye, my braw woman; and I’ll no forget thon of
the cinnamon water.”

We went out by way of the woman’s kale yard, and up a lane among fields.
Alan looked sharply to all sides, and seeing we were in a little hollow
place of the country, out of view of men, sat down.

“Now for a council of war, Davie,” said he.  “But first of all, a bit
lesson to ye.  Suppose that I had been like you, what would yon old wife
have minded of the pair of us!  Just that we had gone out by the back
gate.  And what does she mind now?  A fine, canty, friendly, cracky man,
that suffered with the stomach, poor body! and was real ta’en up about
the goodbrother.  O man, David, try and learn to have some kind of

“I’ll try, Alan,” said I.

“And now for him of the red head,” says he; “was he gaun fast or slow?”

“Betwixt and between,” said I.

“No kind of a hurry about the man?” he asked.

“Never a sign of it,” said I.

“Nhm!” said Alan, “it looks queer.  We saw nothing of them this morning
on the Whins; he’s passed us by, he doesnae seem to be looking, and yet
here he is on our road!  Dod, Davie, I begin to take a notion.  I think
it’s no you they’re seeking, I think it’s me; and I think they ken fine
where they’re gaun.”

“They ken?” I asked.

“I think Andie Scougal’s sold me—him or his mate wha kent some part of
the affair—or else Charlie’s clerk callant, which would be a pity too,”
says Alan; “and if you askit me for just my inward private conviction, I
think there’ll be heads cracked on Gillane sands.”

“Alan,” I cried, “if you’re at all right there’ll be folk there and to
spare.  It’ll be small service to crack heads.”

“It would aye be a satisfaction though,” says Alan.  “But bide a bit;
bide a bit; I’m thinking—and thanks to this bonny westland wind, I
believe I’ve still a chance of it.  It’s this way, Davie.  I’m no trysted
with this man Scougal till the gloaming comes.  _But_,” says he, “_if I
can get a bit of a wind out of the west I’ll be there long or that_,” he
says, “_and lie-to for ye behind the Isle of Fidra_.  Now if your gentry
kens the place, they ken the time forbye.  Do ye see me coming, Davie?
Thanks to Johnnie Cope and other red-coat gomerals, I should ken this
country like the back of my hand; and if ye’re ready for another bit run
with Alan Breck, we’ll can cast back inshore, and come to the seaside
again by Dirleton.  If the ship’s there, we’ll try and get on board of
her.  If she’s no there, I’ll just have to get back to my weary haystack.
But either way of it, I think we will leave your gentry whistling on
their thumbs.”

“I believe there’s some chance in it,” said I.  “Have on with ye, Alan!”


I did not profit by Alan’s pilotage as he had done by his marchings under
General Cope; for I can scarce tell what way we went.  It is my excuse
that we travelled exceeding fast.  Some part we ran, some trotted, and
the rest walked at a vengeance of a pace.  Twice, while we were at top
speed, we ran against country-folk; but though we plumped into the first
from round a corner, Alan was as ready as a loaded musket.

“Has ye seen my horse?” he gasped.

“Na, man, I haenae seen nae horse the day,” replied the countryman.

And Alan spared the time to explain to him that we were travelling “ride
and tie”; that our charger had escaped, and it was feared he had gone
home to Linton.  Not only that, but he expended some breath (of which he
had not very much left) to curse his own misfortune and my stupidity
which was said to be its cause.

“Them that cannae tell the truth,” he observed to myself as we went on
again, “should be aye mindful to leave an honest, handy lee behind them.
If folk dinnae ken what ye’re doing, Davie, they’re terrible taken up
with it; but if they think they ken, they care nae mair for it than what
I do for pease porridge.”

As we had first made inland, so our road came in the end to lie very near
due north; the old Kirk of Aberlady for a landmark on the left; on the
right, the top of the Berwick Law; and it was thus we struck the shore
again, not far from Dirleton.  From north Berwick west to Gillane Ness
there runs a string of four small islets, Craiglieth, the Lamb, Fidra,
and Eyebrough, notable by their diversity of size and shape.  Fidra is
the most particular, being a strange grey islet of two humps, made the
more conspicuous by a piece of ruin; and I mind that (as we drew closer
to it) by some door or window of these ruins the sea peeped through like
a man’s eye.  Under the lee of Fidra there is a good anchorage in
westerly winds, and there, from a far way off, we could see the _Thistle_

The shore in face of these islets is altogether waste.  Here is no
dwelling of man, and scarce any passage, or at most of vagabond children
running at their play.  Gillane is a small place on the far side of the
Ness, the folk of Dirleton go to their business in the inland fields, and
those of North Berwick straight to the sea-fishing from their haven; so
that few parts of the coast are lonelier.  But I mind, as we crawled upon
our bellies into that multiplicity of heights and hollows, keeping a
bright eye upon all sides, and our hearts hammering at our ribs, there
was such a shining of the sun and the sea, such a stir of the wind in the
bent grass, and such a bustle of down-popping rabbits and up-flying
gulls, that the desert seemed to me, like a place alive.  No doubt it was
in all ways well chosen for a secret embarcation, if the secret had been
kept; and even now that it was out, and the place watched, we were able
to creep unperceived to the front of the sandhills, where they look down
immediately on the beach and sea.

But here Alan came to a full stop.

“Davie,” said he, “this is a kittle passage!  As long as we lie here
we’re safe; but I’m nane sae muckle nearer to my ship or the coast of
France.  And as soon as we stand up and signal the brig, it’s another
matter.  For where will your gentry be, think ye?”

“Maybe they’re no come yet,” said I.  “And even if they are, there’s one
clear matter in our favour.  They’ll be all arranged to take us, that’s
true.  But they’ll have arranged for our coming from the east and here we
are upon their west.”

“Ay,” says Alan, “I wish we were in some force, and this was a battle, we
would have bonnily out-manœuvred them!  But it isnae, Davit; and the way
it is, is a wee thing less inspiring to Alan Breck.  I swither, Davie.”

“Time flies, Alan,” said I.

“I ken that,” said Alan.  “I ken naething else, as the French folk say.
But this is a dreidful case of heids or tails.  O! if I could but ken
where your gentry were!”

“Alan,” said I, “this is no like you.  It’s got to be now or never.”

    “This is no me, quo’ he,”

sang Alan, with a queer face betwixt shame and drollery.

    “Neither you nor me, quo’ he, neither you nor me.
    Wow, na, Johnnie man! neither you nor me.”

And then of a sudden he stood straight up where he was, and with a
handkerchief flying in his right hand, marched down upon the beach.  I
stood up myself, but lingered behind him, scanning the sand-hills to the
east.  His appearance was at first unremarked: Scougal not expecting him
so early, and _my gentry_ watching on the other side.  Then they awoke on
board the _Thistle_, and it seemed they had all in readiness, for there
was scarce a second’s bustle on the deck before we saw a skiff put round
her stern and begin to pull lively for the coast.  Almost at the same
moment of time, and perhaps half a mile away towards Gillane Ness, the
figure of a man appeared for a blink upon a sandhill, waving with his
arms; and though he was gone again in the same flash, the gulls in that
part continued a little longer to fly wild.

Alan had not seen this, looking straight to seaward at the ship and

“It maun be as it will!” said he, when I had told him, “Weel may yon
boatie row, or my craig’ll have to thole a raxing.”

That part of the beach was long and flat, and excellent walking when the
tide was down; a little cressy burn flowed over it in one place to the
sea; and the sandhills ran along the head of it like the rampart of a
town.  No eye of ours could spy what was passing behind there in the
bents, no hurry of ours could mend the speed of the boat’s coming: time
stood still with us through that uncanny period of waiting.

“There is one thing I would like to ken,” say Alan.  “I would like to ken
these gentry’s orders.  We’re worth four hunner pound the pair of us: how
if they took the guns to us, Davie!  They would get a bonny shot from the
top of that lang sandy bank.”

“Morally impossible,” said I.  “The point is that they can have no guns.
This thing has been gone about too secret; pistols they may have, but
never guns.”

“I believe ye’ll be in the right,” says Alan.  “For all which I am
wearing a good deal for yon boat.”

And he snapped his fingers and whistled to it like a dog.

It was now perhaps a third of the way in, and we ourselves already hard
on the margin of the sea, so that the soft sand rose over my shoes.
There was no more to do whatever but to wait, to look as much as we were
able at the creeping nearer of the boat, and as little as we could manage
at the long impenetrable front of the sandhills, over which the gulls
twinkled and behind which our enemies were doubtless marshalling.

“This is a fine, bright, caller place to get shot in,” says Alan
suddenly; “and, man, I wish that I had your courage!”

“Alan!” I cried, “what kind of talk is this of it!  You’re just made of
courage; it’s the character of the man, as I could prove myself if there
was nobody else.”

“And you would be the more mistaken,” said he.  “What makes the differ
with me is just my great penetration and knowledge of affairs.  But for
auld, cauld, dour, deadly courage, I am not fit to hold a candle to
yourself.  Look at us two here upon the sands.  Here am I, fair hotching
to be off; here’s you (for all that I ken) in two minds of it whether
you’ll no stop.  Do you think that I could do that, or would?  No me!
Firstly, because I havenae got the courage and wouldnae daur; and
secondly, because I am a man of so much penetration and would see ye
damned first.”

“It’s there ye’re coming, is it?” I cried.  “Ah, man Alan, you can wile
your old wives, but you never can wile me.”

Remembrance of my temptation in the wood made me strong as iron.

“I have a tryst to keep,” I continued.  “I am trysted with your cousin
Charlie; I have passed my word.”

“Braw trysts that you’ll can keep,” said Alan.  “Ye’ll just mistryst
aince and for a’ with the gentry in the bents.  And what for?” he went on
with an extreme threatening gravity.  “Just tell me that, my mannie!  Are
ye to be speerited away like Lady Grange?  Are they to drive a dirk in
your inside and bury ye in the bents?  Or is it to be the other way, and
are they to bring ye in with James?  Are they folk to be trustit?  Would
ye stick your head in the mouth of Sim Fraser and the ither Whigs?” he
added with extraordinary bitterness.

“Alan,” cried I, “they’re all rogues and liars, and I’m with ye there.
The more reason there should be one decent man in such a land of thieves!
My word is passed, and I’ll stick to it.  I said long syne to your
kinswoman that I would stumble at no risk.  Do ye mind of that?—the night
Red Colin fell, it was.  No more I will, then.  Here I stop.
Prestongrange promised me my life: if he’s to be mansworn, here I’ll have
to die.”

“Aweel aweel,” said Alan.

All this time we had seen or heard no more of our pursuers.  In truth we
had caught them unawares; their whole party (as I was to learn
afterwards) had not yet reached the scene; what there was of them was
spread among the bents towards Gillane.  It was quite an affair to call
them in and bring them over, and the boat was making speed.  They were
besides but cowardly fellows: a mere leash of Highland cattle-thieves, of
several clans, no gentleman there to be the captain and the more they
looked at Alan and me upon the beach, the less (I must suppose) they
liked the look of us.

Whoever had betrayed Alan it was not the captain: he was in the skiff
himself, steering and stirring up his oarsmen, like a man with his heart
in his employ.  Already he was near in, and the boat securing—already
Alan’s face had flamed crimson with the excitement of his deliverance,
when our friends in the bents, either in their despair to see their prey
escape them or with some hope of scaring Andie, raised suddenly a shrill
cry of several voices.

This sound, arising from what appeared to be a quite deserted coast, was
really very daunting, and the men in the boat held water instantly.

“What’s this of it?” sings out the captain, for he was come within an
easy hail.

“Freens o’mine,” says Alan, and began immediately to wade forth in the
shallow water towards the boat.  “Davie,” he said, pausing, “Davie, are
ye no coming?  I am swier to leave ye.”

“Not a hair of me,” said I.

“He stood part of a second where he was to his knees in the salt water,

“He that will to Cupar, maun to Cupar,” said he, and swashing in deeper
than his waist, was hauled into the skiff, which was immediately directed
for the ship.

I stood where he had left me, with my hands behind my back; Alan sat with
his head turned watching me; and the boat drew smoothly away.  Of a
sudden I came the nearest hand to shedding tears, and seemed to myself
the most deserted solitary lad in Scotland.  With that I turned my back
upon the sea and faced the sandhills.  There was no sight or sound of
man; the sun shone on the wet sand and the dry, the wind blew in the
bents, the gulls made a dreary piping.  As I passed higher up the beach,
the sand-lice were hopping nimbly about the stranded tangles.  The devil
any other sight or sound in that unchancy place.  And yet I knew there
were folk there, observing me, upon some secret purpose.  They were no
soldiers, or they would have fallen on and taken us ere now; doubtless
they were some common rogues hired for my undoing, perhaps to kidnap,
perhaps to murder me outright.  From the position of those engaged, the
first was the more likely; from what I knew of their character and
ardency in this business, I thought the second very possible; and the
blood ran cold about my heart.

I had a mad idea to loosen my sword in the scabbard; for though I was
very unfit to stand up like a gentleman blade to blade, I thought I could
do some scathe in a random combat.  But I perceived in time the folly of
resistance.  This was no doubt the joint “expedient” on which
Prestongrange and Fraser were agreed.  The first, I was very sure, had
done something to secure my life; the second was pretty likely to have
slipped in some contrary hints into the ears of Neil and his companions;
and if I were to show bare steel I might play straight into the hands of
my worst enemy and seal my own doom.

These thoughts brought me to the head of the beach.  I cast a look
behind, the boat was nearing the brig, and Alan flew his handkerchief for
a farewell, which I replied to with the waving of my hand.  But Alan
himself was shrunk to a small thing in my view, alongside of this pass
that lay in front of me.  I set my hat hard on my head, clenched my
teeth, and went right before me up the face of the sand-wreath.  It made
a hard climb, being steep, and the sand like water underfoot.  But I
caught hold at last by the long bent-grass on the brae-top, and pulled
myself to a good footing.  The same moment men stirred and stood up here
and there, six or seven of them, ragged-like knaves, each with a dagger
in his hand.  The fair truth is, I shut my eyes and prayed.  When I
opened them again, the rogues were crept the least thing nearer without
speech or hurry.  Every eye was upon mine, which struck me with a strange
sensation of their brightness, and of the fear with which they continued
to approach me.  I held out my hands empty; whereupon one asked, with a
strong Highland brogue, if I surrendered.

“Under protest,” said I, “if ye ken what that means, which I misdoubt.”

At that word, they came all in upon me like a flight of birds upon a
carrion, seized me, took my sword, and all the money from my pockets,
bound me hand and foot with some strong line, and cast me on a tussock of
bent.  There they sat about their captive in a part of a circle and gazed
upon him silently like something dangerous, perhaps a lion or a tiger on
the spring.  Presently this attention was relaxed.  They drew nearer
together, fell to speech in the Gaelic, and very cynically divided my
property before my eyes.  It was my diversion in this time that I could
watch from my place the progress of my friend’s escape.  I saw the boat
come to the brig and be hoisted in, the sails fill, and the ship pass out
seaward behind the isles and by North Berwick.

In the course of two hours or so, more and more ragged Highlandmen kept
collecting.  Neil among the first, until the party must have numbered
near a score.  With each new arrival there was a fresh bout of talk, that
sounded like complaints and explanations; but I observed one thing, none
of those who came late had any share in the division of my spoils.  The
last discussion was very violent and eager, so that once I thought they
would have quarrelled; on the heels of which their company parted, the
bulk of them returning westward in a troop, and only three, Neil and two
others, remaining sentries on the prisoner.

“I could name one who would be very ill pleased with your day’s work,
Neil Duncanson,” said I, when the rest had moved away.

He assured me in answer I should be tenderly used, for he knew he was
“acquent wi’ the leddy.”

This was all our talk, nor did any other son of man appear upon that
portion of the coast until the sun had gone down among the Highland
mountains, and the gloaming was beginning to grow dark.  At which hour I
was aware of a long, lean, bony-like Lothian man of a very swarthy
countenance, that came towards us among the bents on a farm horse.

“Lads,” cried he, “has ye a paper like this?” and held up one in his
hand.  Neil produced a second, which the newcomer studied through a pair
of horn spectacles, and saying all was right and we were the folk he was
seeking, immediately dismounted.  I was then set in his place, my feet
tied under the horse’s belly, and we set forth under the guidance of the
Lowlander.  His path must have been very well chosen, for we met but one
pair—a pair of lovers—the whole way, and these, perhaps taking us to be
free-traders, fled on our approach.  We were at one time close at the
foot of Berwick Law on the south side; at another, as we passed over some
open hills, I spied the lights of a clachan and the old tower of a church
among some trees not far off, but too far to cry for help, if I had
dreamed of it.  At last we came again within sound of the sea.  There was
moonlight, though not much; and by this I could see the three huge towers
and broken battlements of Tantallon, that old chief place of the Red
Douglases.  The horse was picketed in the bottom of the ditch to graze,
and I was led within, and forth into the court, and thence into the
tumble-down stone hall.  Here my conductors built a brisk fire in the
midst of the pavement, for there was a chill in the night.  My hands were
loosed, I was set by the wall in the inner end, and (the Lowlander having
produced provisions) I was given oatmeal bread and a pitcher of French
brandy.  This done, I was left once more alone with my three Highlandmen.
They sat close by the fire drinking and talking; the wind blew in by the
breaches, cast about the smoke and flames, and sang in the tops of the
towers; I could hear the sea under the cliffs, and, my mind being
reassured as to my life, and my body and spirits wearied with the day’s
employment, I turned upon one side and slumbered.

I had no means of guessing at what hour I was wakened, only the moon was
down and the fire was low.  My feet were now loosed, and I was carried
through the ruins and down the cliff-side by a precipitous path to where
I found a fisher’s boat in a haven of the rocks.  This I was had on board
of, and we began to put forth from the shore in a fine starlight.


I had no thought where they were taking me; only looked here and there
for the appearance of a ship; and there ran the while in my head a word
of Ransome’s—the_ twenty-pounders_.  If I were to be exposed a second
time to that same former danger of the plantations, I judged it must turn
ill with me; there was no second Alan; and no second shipwreck and spare
yard to be expected now; and I saw myself hoe tobacco under the whip’s
lash.  The thought chilled me; the air was sharp upon the water, the
stretchers of the boat drenched with a cold dew: and I shivered in my
place beside the steersman.  This was the dark man whom I have called
hitherto the Lowlander; his name was Dale, ordinarily called Black Andie.
Feeling the thrill of my shiver, he very kindly handed me a rough jacket
full of fish-scales, with which I was glad to cover myself.

“I thank you for this kindness,” said I, “and will make so free as to
repay it with a warning.  You take a high responsibility in this affair.
You are not like these ignorant, barbarous Highlanders, but know what the
law is and the risks of those that break it.”

“I am no just exactly what ye would ca’ an extremist for the law,” says
he, “at the best of times; but in this business I act with a good

“What are you going to do with me?” I asked.

“Nae harm,” said he, “nae harm ava’.  Ye’ll have strong freens, I’m
thinking.  Ye’ll be richt eneuch yet.”

There began to fall a greyness on the face of the sea; little dabs of
pink and red, like coals of slow fire, came in the east; and at the same
time the geese awakened, and began crying about the top of the Bass.  It
is just the one crag of rock, as everybody knows, but great enough to
carve a city from.  The sea was extremely little, but there went a hollow
plowter round the base of it.  With the growing of the dawn I could see
it clearer and clearer; the straight crags painted with sea-birds’
droppings like a morning frost, the sloping top of it green with grass,
the clan of white geese that cried about the sides, and the black, broken
buildings of the prison sitting close on the sea’s edge.

At the sight the truth came in upon me in a clap.

“It’s there you’re taking me!” I cried.

“Just to the Bass, mannie,” said he: “Whaur the auld saints were afore
ye, and I misdoubt if ye have come so fairly by your preeson.”

“But none dwells there now,” I cried; “the place is long a ruin.”

“It’ll be the mair pleisand a change for the solan geese, then,” quoth
Andie dryly.

The day coming slowly brighter I observed on the bilge, among the big
stones with which fisherfolk ballast their boats, several kegs and
baskets, and a provision of fuel.  All these were discharged upon the
crag.  Andie, myself, and my three Highlanders (I call them mine,
although it was the other way about), landed along with them.  The sun
was not yet up when the boat moved away again, the noise of the oars on
the thole-pins echoing from the cliffs, and left us in our singular

Andie Dale was the Prefect (as I would jocularly call him) of the Bass,
being at once the shepherd and the gamekeeper of that small and rich
estate.  He had to mind the dozen or so of sheep that fed and fattened on
the grass of the sloping part of it, like beasts grazing the roof of a
cathedral.  He had charge besides of the solan geese that roosted in the
crags; and from these an extraordinary income is derived.  The young are
dainty eating, as much as two shillings a-piece being a common price, and
paid willingly by epicures; even the grown birds are valuable for their
oil and feathers; and a part of the minister’s stipend of North Berwick
is paid to this day in solan geese, which makes it (in some folks’ eyes)
a parish to be coveted.  To perform these several businesses, as well as
to protect the geese from poachers, Andie had frequent occasion to sleep
and pass days together on the crag; and we found the man at home there
like a farmer in his steading.  Bidding us all shoulder some of the
packages, a matter in which I made haste to bear a hand, he led us in by
a locked gate, which was the only admission to the island, and through
the ruins of the fortress, to the governor’s house.  There we saw by the
ashes in the chimney and a standing bed-place in one corner, that he made
his usual occupation.

This bed he now offered me to use, saying he supposed I would set up to
be gentry.

“My gentrice has nothing to do with where I lie,” said I.  “I bless God I
have lain hard ere now, and can do the same again with thankfulness.
While I am here, Mr. Andie, if that be your name, I will do my part and
take my place beside the rest of you; and I ask you on the other hand to
spare me your mockery, which I own I like ill.”

He grumbled a little at this speech, but seemed upon reflection to
approve it.  Indeed, he was a long-headed, sensible man, and a good Whig
and Presbyterian; read daily in a pocket Bible, and was both able and
eager to converse seriously on religion, leaning more than a little
towards the Cameronian extremes.  His morals were of a more doubtful
colour.  I found he was deep in the free trade, and used the ruins of
Tantallon for a magazine of smuggled merchandise.  As for a gauger, I do
not believe he valued the life of one at half-a-farthing.  But that part
of the coast of Lothian is to this day as wild a place, and the commons
there as rough a crew, as any in Scotland.

One incident of my imprisonment is made memorable by a consequence it had
long after.  There was a warship at this time stationed in the Firth, the
_Seahorse_, Captain Palliser.  It chanced she was cruising in the month
of September, plying between Fife and Lothian, and sounding for sunk
dangers.  Early one fine morning she was seen about two miles to east of
us, where she lowered a boat, and seemed to examine the Wildfire Rocks
and Satan’s Bush, famous dangers of that coast.  And presently after
having got her boat again, she came before the wind and was headed
directly for the Bass.  This was very troublesome to Andie and the
Highlanders; the whole business of my sequestration was designed for
privacy, and here, with a navy captain perhaps blundering ashore, it
looked to become public enough, if it were nothing worse.  I was in a
minority of one, I am no Alan to fall upon so many, and I was far from
sure that a warship was the least likely to improve my condition.  All
which considered, I gave Andie my parole of good behaviour and obedience,
and was had briskly to the summit of the rock, where we all lay down, at
the cliff’s edge, in different places of observation and concealment.
The _Seahorse_ came straight on till I thought she would have struck, and
we (looking giddily down) could see the ship’s company at their quarters
and hear the leadsman singing at the lead.  Then she suddenly wore and
let fly a volley of I know not how many great guns.  The rock was shaken
with the thunder of the sound, the smoke flowed over our heads, and the
geese rose in number beyond computation or belief.  To hear their
screaming and to see the twinkling of their wings, made a most inimitable
curiosity; and I suppose it was after this somewhat childish pleasure
that Captain Palliser had come so near the Bass.  He was to pay dear for
it in time.  During his approach I had the opportunity to make a remark
upon the rigging of that ship by which I ever after knew it miles away;
and this was a means (under Providence) of my averting from a friend a
great calamity, and inflicting on Captain Palliser himself a sensible

All the time of my stay on the rock we lived well.  We had small ale and
brandy, and oatmeal, of which we made our porridge night and morning.  At
times a boat came from the Castleton and brought us a quarter of mutton,
for the sheep upon the rock we must not touch, these being specially fed
to market.  The geese were unfortunately out of season, and we let them
be.  We fished ourselves, and yet more often made the geese to fish for
us: observing one when he had made a capture and scaring him from his
prey ere he had swallowed it.

The strange nature of this place, and the curiosities with which it
abounded, held me busy and amused.  Escape being impossible, I was
allowed my entire liberty, and continually explored the surface of the
isle wherever it might support the foot of man.  The old garden of the
prison was still to be observed, with flowers and pot-herbs running wild,
and some ripe cherries on a bush.  A little lower stood a chapel or a
hermit’s cell; who built or dwelt in it, none may know, and the thought
of its age made a ground of many meditations.  The prison, too, where I
now bivouacked with Highland cattle-thieves, was a place full of history,
both human and divine.  I thought it strange so many saints and martyrs
should have gone by there so recently, and left not so much as a leaf out
of their Bibles, or a name carved upon the wall, while the rough soldier
lads that mounted guard upon the battlements had filled the neighbourhood
with their mementoes—broken tobacco-pipes for the most part, and that in
a surprising plenty, but also metal buttons from their coats.  There were
times when I thought I could have heard the pious sound of psalms out of
the martyr’s dungeons, and seen the soldiers tramp the ramparts with
their glinting pipes, and the dawn rising behind them out of the North

No doubt it was a good deal Andie and his tales that put these fancies in
my head.  He was extraordinarily well acquainted with the story of the
rock in all particulars, down to the names of private soldiers, his
father having served there in that same capacity.  He was gifted besides
with a natural genius for narration, so that the people seemed to speak
and the things to be done before your face.  This gift of his and my
assiduity to listen brought us the more close together.  I could not
honestly deny but what I liked him; I soon saw that he liked me; and
indeed, from the first I had set myself out to capture his good-will.  An
odd circumstance (to be told presently) effected this beyond my
expectation; but even in early days we made a friendly pair to be a
prisoner and his gaoler.

I should trifle with my conscience if I pretended my stay upon the Bass
was wholly disagreeable.  It seemed to me a safe place, as though I was
escaped there out of my troubles.  No harm was to be offered me; a
material impossibility, rock and the deep sea, prevented me from fresh
attempts; I felt I had my life safe and my honour safe, and there were
times when I allowed myself to gloat on them like stolen waters.  At
other times my thoughts were very different, I recalled how strong I had
expressed myself both to Rankeillor and to Stewart; I reflected that my
captivity upon the Bass, in view of a great part of the coasts of Fife
and Lothian, was a thing I should be thought more likely to have invented
than endured; and in the eyes of these two gentlemen, at least, I must
pass for a boaster and a coward.  Now I would take this lightly enough;
tell myself that so long as I stood well with Catriona Drummond, the
opinion of the rest of man was but moonshine and spilled water; and
thence pass off into those meditations of a lover which are so delightful
to himself and must always appear so surprisingly idle to a reader.  But
anon the fear would take me otherwise; I would be shaken with a perfect
panic of self-esteem, and these supposed hard judgments appear an
injustice impossible to be supported.  With that another train of thought
would he presented, and I had scarce begun to be concerned about men’s
judgments of myself, than I was haunted with the remembrance of James
Stewart in his dungeon and the lamentations of his wife.  Then, indeed,
passion began to work in me; I could not forgive myself to sit there
idle: it seemed (if I were a man at all) that I could fly or swim out of
my place of safety; and it was in such humours and to amuse my
self-reproaches that I would set the more particularly to win the good
side of Andie Dale.

At last, when we two were alone on the summit of the rock on a bright
morning, I put in some hint about a bribe.  He looked at me, cast back
his head, and laughed out loud.

“Ay, you’re funny, Mr. Dale,” said I, “but perhaps if you’ll glance an
eye upon that paper you may change your note.”

The stupid Highlanders had taken from me at the time of my seizure
nothing but hard money, and the paper I now showed Andie was an
acknowledgment from the British Linen Company for a considerable sum.

He read it.  “Troth, and ye’re nane sae ill aff,” said he.

“I thought that would maybe vary your opinions,” said I.

“Hout!” said he.  “It shows me ye can bribe; but I’m no to be bribit.”

“We’ll see about that yet a while,” says I.  “And first, I’ll show you
that I know what I am talking.  You have orders to detain me here till
after Thursday, 21st September.”

“Ye’re no a’thegether wrong either,” says Andie.  “I’m to let you gang,
bar orders contrair, on Saturday, the 23rd.”

I could not but feel there was something extremely insidious in this
arrangement.  That I was to re-appear precisely in time to be too late
would cast the more discredit on my tale, if I were minded to tell one;
and this screwed me to fighting point.

“Now then, Andie, you that kens the world, listen to me, and think while
ye listen,” said I.  “I know there are great folks in the business, and I
make no doubt you have their names to go upon.  I have seen some of them
myself since this affair began, and said my say into their faces too.
But what kind of a crime would this be that I had committed? or what kind
of a process is this that I am fallen under?  To be apprehended by some
ragged John-Hielandman on August 30th, carried to a rickle of old stones
that is now neither fort nor gaol (whatever it once was) but just the
gamekeeper’s lodge of the Bass Rock, and set free again, September 23rd,
as secretly as I was first arrested—does that sound like law to you? or
does it sound like justice? or does it not sound honestly like a piece of
some low dirty intrigue, of which the very folk that meddle with it are

“I canna gainsay ye, Shaws.  It looks unco underhand,” says Andie.  “And
werenae the folk guid sound Whigs and true-blue Presbyterians I would has
seen them ayont Jordan and Jeroozlem or I would have set hand to it.”

“The Master of Lovat’ll be a braw Whig,” says I, “and a grand

“I ken naething by him,” said he.  “I hae nae trokings wi’ Lovats.”

“No, it’ll be Prestongrange that you’ll be dealing with,” said I.

“Ah, but I’ll no tell ye that,” said Andie.

“Little need when I ken,” was my retort.

“There’s just the ae thing ye can be fairly sure of, Shaws,” says Andie.
“And that is that (try as ye please) I’m no dealing wi’ yoursel’; nor yet
I amnae goin’ to,” he added.

“Well, Andie, I see I’ll have to be speak out plain with you,” I replied.
And told him so much as I thought needful of the facts.

He heard me out with some serious interest, and when I had done, seemed
to consider a little with himself.

“Shaws,” said he at last, “I’ll deal with the naked hand.  It’s a queer
tale, and no very creditable, the way you tell it; and I’m far frae
minting that is other than the way that ye believe it.  As for yoursel’,
ye seem to me rather a dacent-like young man.  But me, that’s aulder and
mair judeecious, see perhaps a wee bit further forrit in the job than
what ye can dae.  And here the maitter clear and plain to ye.  There’ll
be nae skaith to yoursel’ if I keep ye here; far free that, I think ye’ll
be a hantle better by it.  There’ll be nae skaith to the kintry—just ae
mair Hielantman hangit—Gude kens, a guid riddance!  On the ither hand, it
would be considerable skaith to me if I would let you free.  Sae,
speakin’ as a guid Whig, an honest freen’ to you, and an anxious freen’
to my ainsel’, the plain fact is that I think ye’ll just have to bide
here wi’ Andie an’ the solans.”

“Andie,” said I, laying my hand upon his knee, “this Hielantman’s

“Ay, it’s a peety about that,” said he.  “But ye see, in this warld, the
way God made it, we cannae just get a’thing that we want.”


I have yet said little of the Highlanders.  They were all three of the
followers of James More, which bound the accusation very tight about
their master’s neck.  All understood a word or two of English, but Neil
was the only one who judged he had enough of it for general converse, in
which (when once he got embarked) his company was often tempted to the
contrary opinion.  They were tractable, simple creatures; showed much
more courtesy than might have been expected from their raggedness and
their uncouth appearance, and fell spontaneously to be like three
servants for Andie and myself.

Dwelling in that isolated place, in the old falling ruins of a prison,
and among endless strange sounds of the sea and the sea-birds, I thought
I perceived in them early the effects of superstitious fear.  When there
was nothing doing they would either lie and sleep, for which their
appetite appeared insatiable, or Neil would entertain the others with
stories which seemed always of a terrifying strain.  If neither of these
delights were within reach—if perhaps two were sleeping and the third
could find no means to follow their example—I would see him sit and
listen and look about him in a progression of uneasiness, starting, his
face blenching, his hands clutched, a man strung like a bow.  The nature
of these fears I had never an occasion to find out, but the sight of them
was catching, and the nature of the place that we were in favourable to
alarms.  I can find no word for it in the English, but Andie had an
expression for it in the Scots from which he never varied.

“Ay,” he would say, “_it’s an unco place_, _the Bass_.”

It is so I always think of it.  It was an unco place by night, unco by
day; and these were unco sounds, of the calling of the solans, and the
plash of the sea and the rock echoes, that hung continually in our ears.
It was chiefly so in moderate weather.  When the waves were anyway great
they roared about the rock like thunder and the drums of armies, dreadful
but merry to hear; and it was in the calm days that a man could daunt
himself with listening—not a Highlandman only, as I several times
experimented on myself, so many still, hollow noises haunted and
reverberated in the porches of the rock.

This brings me to a story I heard, and a scene I took part in, which
quite changed our terms of living, and had a great effect on my
departure.  It chanced one night I fell in a muse beside the fire and
(that little air of Alan’s coming back to my memory) began to whistle.  A
hand was laid upon my arm, and the voice of Neil bade me to stop, for it
was not “canny musics.”

“Not canny?” I asked.  “How can that be?”

“Na,” said he; “it will be made by a bogle and her wanting ta heid upon
his body.” {13}

“Well,” said I, “there can be no bogles here, Neil; for it’s not likely
they would fash themselves to frighten geese.”

“Ay?” says Andie, “is that what ye think of it!  But I’ll can tell ye
there’s been waur nor bogles here.”

“What’s waur than bogles, Andie?” said I.

“Warlocks,” said he.  “Or a warlock at the least of it.  And that’s a
queer tale, too,” he added.  “And if ye would like, I’ll tell it ye.”

To be sure we were all of the one mind, and even the Highlander that had
the least English of the three set himself to listen with all his might.


MY faither, Tam Dale, peace to his banes, was a wild, sploring lad in his
young days, wi’ little wisdom and little grace.  He was fond of a lass
and fond of a glass, and fond of a ran-dan; but I could never hear tell
that he was muckle use for honest employment.  Frae ae thing to anither,
he listed at last for a sodger and was in the garrison of this fort,
which was the first way that ony of the Dales cam to set foot upon the
Bass.  Sorrow upon that service!  The governor brewed his ain ale; it
seems it was the warst conceivable.  The rock was proveesioned free the
shore with vivers, the thing was ill-guided, and there were whiles when
they but to fish and shoot solans for their diet.  To crown a’, thir was
the Days of the Persecution.  The perishin’ cauld chalmers were all
occupeed wi’ sants and martyrs, the saut of the yearth, of which it
wasnae worthy.  And though Tam Dale carried a firelock there, a single
sodger, and liked a lass and a glass, as I was sayin,’ the mind of the
man was mair just than set with his position.  He had glints of the glory
of the kirk; there were whiles when his dander rase to see the Lord’s
sants misguided, and shame covered him that he should be haulding a
can’le (or carrying a firelock) in so black a business.  There were
nights of it when he was here on sentry, the place a’ wheesht, the frosts
o’ winter maybe riving in the wa’s, and he would hear ane o’ the
prisoners strike up a psalm, and the rest join in, and the blessed sounds
rising from the different chalmers—or dungeons, I would raither say—so
that this auld craig in the sea was like a pairt of Heev’n.  Black shame
was on his saul; his sins hove up before him muckle as the Bass, and
above a’, that chief sin, that he should have a hand in hagging and
hashing at Christ’s Kirk.  But the truth is that he resisted the spirit.
Day cam, there were the rousing compainions, and his guid resolves

In thir days, dwalled upon the Bass a man of God, Peden the Prophet was
his name.  Ye’ll have heard tell of Prophet Peden.  There was never the
wale of him sinsyne, and it’s a question wi’ mony if there ever was his
like afore.  He was wild’s a peat-hag, fearsome to look at, fearsome to
hear, his face like the day of judgment.  The voice of him was like a
solan’s and dinnle’d in folks’ lugs, and the words of him like coals of

Now there was a lass on the rock, and I think she had little to do, for
it was nae place far decent weemen; but it seems she was bonny, and her
and Tam Dale were very well agreed.  It befell that Peden was in the
gairden his lane at the praying when Tam and the lass cam by; and what
should the lassie do but mock with laughter at the sant’s devotions?  He
rose and lookit at the twa o’ them, and Tam’s knees knoitered thegether
at the look of him.  But whan he spak, it was mair in sorrow than in
anger.  “Poor thing, poor thing!” says he, and it was the lass he lookit
at, “I hear you skirl and laugh,” he says, “but the Lord has a deid shot
prepared for you, and at that surprising judgment ye shall skirl but the
ae time!”  Shortly thereafter she was daundering on the craigs wi’
twa-three sodgers, and it was a blawy day.  There cam a gowst of wind,
claught her by the coats, and awa’ wi’ her bag and baggage.  And it was
remarked by the sodgers that she gied but the ae skirl.

Nae doubt this judgment had some weicht upon Tam Dale; but it passed
again and him none the better.  Ae day he was flyting wi’ anither
sodger-lad.  “Deil hae me!” quo’ Tam, for he was a profane swearer.  And
there was Peden glowering at him, gash an’ waefu’; Peden wi’ his lang
chafts an’ luntin’ een, the maud happed about his kist, and the hand of
him held out wi’ the black nails upon the finger-nebs—for he had nae care
of the body.  “Fy, fy, poor man!” cries he, “the poor fool man!  _Deil
hae me_, quo’ he; an’ I see the deil at his oxter.”  The conviction of
guilt and grace cam in on Tam like the deep sea; he flang doun the pike
that was in his hands—“I will nae mair lift arms against the cause o’
Christ!” says he, and was as gude’s word.  There was a sair fyke in the
beginning, but the governor, seeing him resolved, gied him his discharge,
and he went and dwallt and merried in North Berwick, and had aye a gude
name with honest folk free that day on.

It was in the year seeventeen hunner and sax that the Bass cam in the
hands o’ the Da’rymples, and there was twa men soucht the chairge of it.
Baith were weel qualified, for they had baith been sodgers in the
garrison, and kent the gate to handle solans, and the seasons and values
of them.  Forby that they were baith—or they baith seemed—earnest
professors and men of comely conversation.  The first of them was just
Tam Dale, my faither.  The second was ane Lapraik, whom the folk ca’d Tod
Lapraik maistly, but whether for his name or his nature I could never
hear tell.  Weel, Tam gaed to see Lapraik upon this business, and took
me, that was a toddlin’ laddie, by the hand.  Tod had his dwallin’ in the
lang loan benorth the kirkyaird.  It’s a dark uncanny loan, forby that
the kirk has aye had an ill name since the days o’ James the Saxt and the
deevil’s cantrips played therein when the Queen was on the seas; and as
for Tod’s house, it was in the mirkest end, and was little liked by some
that kenned the best.  The door was on the sneck that day, and me and my
faither gaed straucht in.  Tod was a wabster to his trade; his loom stood
in the but.  There he sat, a muckle fat, white hash of a man like creish,
wi’ a kind of a holy smile that gart me scunner.  The hand of him aye
cawed the shuttle, but his een was steeked.  We cried to him by his name,
we skirled in the deid lug of him, we shook him by the shou’ther.  Nae
mainner o’ service!  There he sat on his dowp, an’ cawed the shuttle and
smiled like creish.

“God be guid to us,” says Tam Dale, “this is no canny?”

He had jimp said the word, when Tod Lapraik cam to himsel’.

“Is this you, Tam?” says he.  “Haith, man!  I’m blythe to see ye.  I
whiles fa’ into a bit dwam like this,” he says; “its frae the stamach.”

Weel, they began to crack about the Bass and which of them twa was to get
the warding o’t, and little by little cam to very ill words, and twined
in anger.  I mind weel that as my faither and me gaed hame again, he cam
ower and ower the same expression, how little he likit Tod Lapraik and
his dwams.

“Dwam!” says he.  “I think folk hae brunt for dwams like yon.”

Aweel, my faither got the Bass and Tod had to go wantin’.  It was
remembered sinsyne what way he had ta’en the thing.  “Tam,” says he, “ye
hae gotten the better o’ me aince mair, and I hope,” says he, “ye’ll find
at least a’ that ye expeckit at the Bass.”  Which have since been thought
remarkable expressions.  At last the time came for Tam Dale to take young
solans.  This was a business he was weel used wi’, he had been a
craigsman frae a laddie, and trustit nane but himsel’.  So there was he
hingin’ by a line an’ speldering on the craig face, whaur its hieest and
steighest.  Fower tenty lads were on the tap, hauldin’ the line and
mindin’ for his signals.  But whaur Tam hung there was naething but the
craig, and the sea belaw, and the solans skirlin and flying.  It was a
braw spring morn, and Tam whustled as he claught in the young geese.
Mony’s the time I’ve heard him tell of this experience, and aye the swat
ran upon the man.

It chanced, ye see, that Tam keeked up, and he was awaur of a muckle
solan, and the solan pyking at the line.  He thocht this by-ordinar and
outside the creature’s habits.  He minded that ropes was unco saft
things, and the solan’s neb and the Bass Rock unco hard, and that twa
hunner feet were raither mair than he would care to fa’.

“Shoo!” says Tam.  “Awa’, bird!  Shoo, awa’ wi’ ye!” says he.

The solan keekit doon into Tam’s face, and there was something unco in
the creature’s ee.  Just the ae keek it gied, and back to the rope.  But
now it wroucht and warstl’t like a thing dementit.  There never was the
solan made that wroucht as that solan wroucht; and it seemed to
understand its employ brawly, birzing the saft rope between the neb of it
and a crunkled jag o’ stane.

There gaed a cauld stend o’ fear into Tam’s heart.  “This thing is nae
bird,” thinks he.  His een turnt backward in his heid and the day gaed
black aboot him.  “If I get a dwam here,” he toucht, “it’s by wi’ Tam
Dale.”  And he signalled for the lads to pu’ him up.

And it seemed the solan understood about signals.  For nae sooner was the
signal made than he let be the rope, spried his wings, squawked out loud,
took a turn flying, and dashed straucht at Tam Dale’s een.  Tam had a
knife, he gart the cauld steel glitter.  And it seemed the solan
understood about knives, for nae suner did the steel glint in the sun
than he gied the ae squawk, but laighter, like a body disappointit, and
flegged aff about the roundness of the craig, and Tam saw him nae mair.
And as sune as that thing was gane, Tam’s heid drapt upon his shouther,
and they pu’d him up like a deid corp, dadding on the craig.

A dram of brandy (which he went never without) broucht him to his mind,
or what was left of it.  Up he sat.

“Rin, Geordie, rin to the boat, mak’ sure of the boat, man—rin!” he
cries, “or yon solan’ll have it awa’,” says he.

The fower lads stared at ither, an’ tried to whilly-wha him to be quiet.
But naething would satisfy Tam Dale, till ane o’ them had startit on
aheid to stand sentry on the boat.  The ithers askit if he was for down

“Na,” says he, “and niether you nor me,” says he, “and as sune as I can
win to stand on my twa feet we’ll be aff frae this craig o’ Sawtan.”

Sure eneuch, nae time was lost, and that was ower muckle; for before they
won to North Berwick Tam was in a crying fever.  He lay a’ the simmer;
and wha was sae kind as come speiring for him, but Tod Lapraik!  Folk
thocht afterwards that ilka time Tod cam near the house the fever had
worsened.  I kenna for that; but what I ken the best, that was the end of

It was about this time o’ the year; my grandfaither was out at the white
fishing; and like a bairn, I but to gang wi’ him.  We had a grand take, I
mind, and the way that the fish lay broucht us near in by the Bass, whaur
we foregaithered wi’ anither boat that belanged to a man Sandie Fletcher
in Castleton.  He’s no lang deid neither, or ye could speir at himsel’.
Weel, Sandie hailed.

“What’s yon on the Bass?” says he.

“On the Bass?” says grandfaither.

“Ay,” says Sandie, “on the green side o’t.”

“Whatten kind of a thing?” says grandfaither.  “There cannae be naething
on the Bass but just the sheep.”

“It looks unco like a body,” quo’ Sandie, who was nearer in.

“A body!” says we, and we none of us likit that.  For there was nae boat
that could have brought a man, and the key o’ the prison yett hung ower
my faither’s at hame in the press bed.

We keept the twa boats close for company, and crap in nearer hand.
Grandfaither had a gless, for he had been a sailor, and the captain of a
smack, and had lost her on the sands of Tay.  And when we took the glass
to it, sure eneuch there was a man.  He was in a crunkle o’ green brae, a
wee below the chaipel, a’ by his lee lane, and lowped and flang and
danced like a daft quean at a waddin’.

“It’s Tod,” says grandfather, and passed the gless to Sandie.

“Ay, it’s him,” says Sandie.

“Or ane in the likeness o’ him,” says grandfaither.

“Sma’ is the differ,” quo’ Sandie.  “De’il or warlock, I’ll try the gun
at him,” quo’ he, and broucht up a fowling-piece that he aye carried, for
Sandie was a notable famous shot in all that country.

“Haud your hand, Sandie,” says grandfaither; “we maun see clearer first,”
says he, “or this may be a dear day’s wark to the baith of us.”

“Hout!” says Sandie, “this is the Lord’s judgment surely, and be damned
to it,” says he.

“Maybe ay, and maybe no,” says my grandfaither, worthy man!  “But have
you a mind of the Procurator Fiscal, that I think ye’ll have
foregaithered wi’ before,” says he.

This was ower true, and Sandie was a wee thing set ajee.  “Aweel, Edie,”
says he, “and what would be your way of it?”

“Ou, just this,” says grandfaither.  “Let me that has the fastest boat
gang back to North Berwick, and let you bide here and keep an eye on
Thon.  If I cannae find Lapraik, I’ll join ye and the twa of us’ll have a
crack wi’ him.  But if Lapraik’s at hame, I’ll rin up the flag at the
harbour, and ye can try Thon Thing wi’ the gun.”

Aweel, so it was agreed between them twa.  I was just a bairn, an’ clum
in Sandie’s boat, whaur I thoucht I would see the best of the employ.  My
grandsire gied Sandie a siller tester to pit in his gun wi’ the leid
draps, bein mair deidly again bogles.  And then the as boat set aff for
North Berwick, an’ the tither lay whaur it was and watched the wanchancy
thing on the brae-side.

A’ the time we lay there it lowped and flang and capered and span like a
teetotum, and whiles we could hear it skelloch as it span.  I hae seen
lassies, the daft queans, that would lowp and dance a winter’s nicht, and
still be lowping and dancing when the winter’s day cam in.  But there
would be fowk there to hauld them company, and the lads to egg them on;
and this thing was its lee-lane.  And there would be a fiddler diddling
his elbock in the chimney-side; and this thing had nae music but the
skirling of the solans.  And the lassies were bits o’ young things wi’
the reid life dinnling and stending in their members; and this was a
muckle, fat, creishy man, and him fa’n in the vale o’ years.  Say what ye
like, I maun say what I believe.  It was joy was in the creature’s heart,
the joy o’ hell, I daursay: joy whatever.  Mony a time I have askit
mysel’ why witches and warlocks should sell their sauls (whilk are their
maist dear possessions) and be auld, duddy, wrunkl’t wives or auld,
feckless, doddered men; and then I mind upon Tod Lapraik dancing a’ the
hours by his lane in the black glory of his heart.  Nae doubt they burn
for it muckle in hell, but they have a grand time here of it,
whatever!—and the Lord forgie us!

Weel, at the hinder end, we saw the wee flag yirk up to the mast-heid
upon the harbour rocks.  That was a’ Sandie waited for.  He up wi’ the
gun, took a deleeberate aim, an’ pu’d the trigger.  There cam’ a bang and
then ae waefu’ skirl frae the Bass.  And there were we rubbin’ our een
and lookin’ at ither like daft folk.  For wi’ the bang and the skirl the
thing had clean disappeared.  The sun glintit, the wund blew, and there
was the bare yaird whaur the Wonder had been lowping and flinging but ae
second syne.

The hale way hame I roared and grat wi’ the terror o’ that dispensation.
The grawn folk were nane sae muckle better; there was little said in
Sandie’s boat but just the name of God; and when we won in by the pier,
the harbour rocks were fair black wi’ the folk waitin’ us.  It seems they
had fund Lapraik in ane of his dwams, cawing the shuttle and smiling.  Ae
lad they sent to hoist the flag, and the rest abode there in the
wabster’s house.  You may be sure they liked it little; but it was a
means of grace to severals that stood there praying in to themsel’s (for
nane cared to pray out loud) and looking on thon awesome thing as it
cawed the shuttle.  Syne, upon a suddenty, and wi’ the ae dreidfu’
skelloch, Tod sprang up frae his hinderlands and fell forrit on the wab,
a bluidy corp.

When the corp was examined the leid draps hadnae played buff upon the
warlock’s body; sorrow a leid drap was to be fund! but there was
grandfaither’s siller tester in the puddock’s heart of him.

                                * * * * *

Andie had scarce done when there befell a mighty silly affair that had
its consequence.  Neil, as I have said, was himself a great narrator.  I
have heard since that he knew all the stories in the Highlands; and
thought much of himself, and was thought much of by others on the
strength of it.  Now Andie’s tale reminded him of one he had already

“She would ken that story afore,” he said.  “She was the story of Uistean
More M’Gillie Phadrig and the Gavar Vore.”

“It is no sic a thing,” cried Andie.  “It is the story of my faither (now
wi’ God) and Tod Lapraik.  And the same in your beard,” says he; “and
keep the tongue of ye inside your Hielant chafts!”

In dealing with Highlanders it will be found, and has been shown in
history, how well it goes with Lowland gentlefolk; but the thing appears
scarce feasible for Lowland commons.  I had already remarked that Andie
was continually on the point of quarrelling with our three MacGregors,
and now, sure enough, it was to come.

“Thir will be no words to use to shentlemans,” says Neil.

“Shentlemans!” cries Andie.  “Shentlemans, ye hielant stot!  If God would
give ye the grace to see yoursel’ the way that ithers see ye, ye would
throw your denner up.”

There came some kind of a Gaelic oath from Neil, and the black knife was
in his hand that moment.

There was no time to think; and I caught the Highlander by the leg, and
had him down, and his armed hand pinned out, before I knew what I was
doing.  His comrades sprang to rescue him, Andie and I were without
weapons, the Gregara three to two.  It seemed we were beyond salvation,
when Neil screamed in his own tongue, ordering the others back, and made
his submission to myself in a manner the most abject, even giving me up
his knife which (upon a repetition of his promises) I returned to him on
the morrow.

Two things I saw plain: the first, that I must not build too high on
Andie, who had shrunk against the wall and stood there, as pale as death,
till the affair was over; the second, the strength of my own position
with the Highlanders, who must have received extraordinary charges to be
tender of my safety.  But if I thought Andie came not very well out in
courage, I had no fault to find with him upon the account of gratitude.
It was not so much that he troubled me with thanks, as that his whole
mind and manner appeared changed; and as he preserved ever after a great
timidity of our companions, he and I were yet more constantly together.


On the seventeenth, the day I was trysted with the Writer, I had much
rebellion against fate.  The thought of him waiting in the _King’s Arms_,
and of what he would think, and what he would say when next we met,
tormented and oppressed me. The truth was unbelievable, so much I had to
grant, and it seemed cruel hard I should be posted as a liar and a
coward, and have never consciously omitted what it was possible that I
should do.  I repeated this form of words with a kind of bitter relish,
and re-examined in that light the steps of my behaviour.  It seemed I had
behaved to James Stewart as a brother might; all the past was a picture
that I could be proud of, and there was only the present to consider.  I
could not swim the sea, nor yet fly in the air, but there was always
Andie.  I had done him a service, he liked me; I had a lever there to
work on; if it were just for decency, I must try once more with Andie.

It was late afternoon; there was no sound in all the Bass but the lap and
bubble of a very quiet sea; and my four companions were all crept apart,
the three Macgregors higher on the rock, and Andie with his Bible to a
sunny place among the ruins; there I found him in deep sleep, and, as
soon as he was awake, appealed to him with some fervour of manner and a
good show of argument.

“If I thoucht it was to do guid to ye, Shaws!” said he, staring at me
over his spectacles.

“It’s to save another,” said I, “and to redeem my word.  What would be
more good than that?  Do ye no mind the scripture, Andie?  And you with
the Book upon your lap!  _What shall it profit a man if he gain the whole

“Ay,” said he, “that’s grand for you.  But where do I come in!  I have my
word to redeem the same’s yoursel’.  And what are ye asking me to do, but
just to sell it ye for siller?”

“Andie! have I named the name of siller?” cried I.

“Ou, the name’s naething”, said he; “the thing is there, whatever.  It
just comes to this; if I am to service ye the way that you propose, I’ll
lose my lifelihood.  Then it’s clear ye’ll have to make it up to me, and
a pickle mair, for your ain credit like.  And what’s that but just a
bribe?  And if even I was certain of the bribe!  But by a’ that I can
learn, it’s far frae that; and if _you_ were to hang, where would _I_ be?
Na: the thing’s no possible.  And just awa’ wi’ ye like a bonny lad! and
let Andie read his chapter.”

I remember I was at bottom a good deal gratified with this result; and
the next humour I fell into was one (I had near said) of gratitude to
Prestongrange, who had saved me, in this violent, illegal manner, out of
the midst of my dangers, temptations, and perplexities.  But this was
both too flimsy and too cowardly to last me long, and the remembrance of
James began to succeed to the possession of my spirits.  The 21st, the
day set for the trial, I passed in such misery of mind as I can scarce
recall to have endured, save perhaps upon Isle Earraid only.  Much of the
time I lay on a brae-side betwixt sleep and waking, my body motionless,
my mind full of violent thoughts.  Sometimes I slept indeed; but the
court-house of Inverary and the prisoner glancing on all sides to find
his missing witness, followed me in slumber; and I would wake again with
a start to darkness of spirit and distress of body.  I thought Andie
seemed to observe me, but I paid him little heed.  Verily, my bread was
bitter to me, and my days a burthen.

Early the next morning (Friday, 22nd) a boat came with provisions, and
Andie placed a packet in my hand.  The cover was without address but
sealed with a Government seal.  It enclosed two notes.  “Mr. Balfour can
now see for himself it is too late to meddle.  His conduct will be
observed and his discretion rewarded.”  So ran the first, which seemed to
be laboriously writ with the left hand.  There was certainly nothing in
these expressions to compromise the writer, even if that person could be
found; the seal, which formidably served instead of signature, was
affixed to a separate sheet on which there was no scratch of writing; and
I had to confess that (so far) my adversaries knew what they were doing,
and to digest as well as I was able the threat that peeped under the

But the second enclosure was by far the more surprising.  It was in a
lady’s hand of writ.  “_Maister Dauvit Balfour is informed a friend was
speiring for him and her eyes were of the grey_,” it ran—and seemed so
extraordinary a piece to come to my hands at such a moment and under
cover of a Government seal, that I stood stupid.  Catriona’s grey eyes
shone in my remembrance.  I thought, with a bound of pleasure, she must
be the friend.  But who should the writer be, to have her billet thus
enclosed with Prestongrange’s?  And of all wonders, why was it thought
needful to give me this pleasing but most inconsequent intelligence upon
the Bass?  For the writer, I could hit upon none possible except Miss
Grant.  Her family, I remembered, had remarked on Catriona’s eyes and
even named her for their colour; and she herself had been much in the
habit to address me with a broad pronunciation, by way of a sniff, I
supposed, at my rusticity.  No doubt, besides, but she lived in the same
house as this letter came from.  So there remained but one step to be
accounted for; and that was how Prestongrange should have permitted her
at all in an affair so secret, or let her daft-like billet go in the same
cover with his own.  But even here I had a glimmering.  For, first of
all, there was something rather alarming about the young lady, and papa
might be more under her domination than I knew.  And, second, there was
the man’s continual policy to be remembered, how his conduct had been
continually mingled with caresses, and he had scarce ever, in the midst
of so much contention, laid aside a mask of friendship.  He must conceive
that my imprisonment had incensed me.  Perhaps this little jesting,
friendly message was intended to disarm my rancour?

I will be honest—and I think it did.  I felt a sudden warmth towards that
beautiful Miss Grant, that she should stoop to so much interest in my
affairs.  The summoning up of Catriona moved me of itself to milder and
more cowardly counsels.  If the Advocate knew of her and our
acquaintance—if I should please him by some of that “discretion” at which
his letter pointed—to what might not this lead!  _In vain is the net
prepared in the sight of any fowl_, the Scripture says.  Well, fowls must
be wiser than folk!  For I thought I perceived the policy, and yet fell
in with it.

I was in this frame, my heart beating, the grey eyes plain before me like
two stars, when Andie broke in upon my musing.

“I see ye has gotten guid news,” said he.

I found him looking curiously in my face; with that there came before me
like a vision of James Stewart and the court of Inverary; and my mind
turned at once like a door upon its hinges.  Trials, I reflected,
sometimes draw out longer than is looked for.  Even if I came to Inverary
just too late, something might yet be attempted in the interests of
James—and in those of my own character, the best would be accomplished.
In a moment, it seemed without thought, I had a plan devised.

“Andie,” said I, “is it still to be to-morrow?”

He told me nothing was changed.

“Was anything said about the hour?” I asked.

He told me it was to be two o’clock afternoon.

“And about the place?” I pursued.

“Whatten place?” says Andie.

“The place I am to be landed at?” said I.

He owned there was nothing as to that.

“Very well, then,” I said, “this shall be mine to arrange.  The wind is
in the east, my road lies westward: keep your boat, I hire it; let us
work up the Forth all day; and land me at two o’clock to-morrow at the
westmost we’ll can have reached.”

“Ye daft callant!” he cried; “ye would try for Inverary after a’!”

“Just that, Andie,” says I.

“Weel, ye’re ill to beat!” says he.  “And I was a kind o’ sorry for ye a’
day yesterday,” he added.  “Ye see, I was never entirely sure till then,
which way of it ye really wantit.”

Here was a spur to a lame horse!

“A word in your ear, Andie,” said I.  “This plan of mine has another
advantage yet.  We can leave these Hielandman behind us on the rock, and
one of your boats from the Castleton can bring them off to-morrow.  Yon
Neil has a queer eye when he regards you; maybe, if I was once out of the
gate there might be knives again; these red-shanks are unco grudgeful.
And if there should come to be any question, here is your excuse.  Our
lives were in danger by these savages; being answerable for my safety,
you chose the part to bring me from their neighbourhood and detain me the
rest of the time on board your boat: and do you know, Andie?” says I,
with a smile, “I think it was very wisely chosen.”

“The truth is I have nae goo for Neil,” says Andie, “nor he for me, I’m
thinking; and I would like ill to come to my hands wi’ the man.  Tam
Anster will make a better hand of it with the cattle onyway.”  (For this
man, Anster, came from Fife, where the Gaelic is still spoken.)  “Ay,
ay!” says Andie, “Tam’ll can deal with them the best.  And troth! the
mair I think of it, the less I see we would be required.  The place—ay,
feggs! they had forgot the place.  Eh, Shaws, ye’re a lang-heided chield
when ye like!  Forby that I’m awing ye my life,” he added, with more
solemnity, and offered me his hand upon the bargain.

Whereupon, with scarce more words, we stepped suddenly on board the boat,
cast off, and set the lug.  The Gregara were then busy upon breakfast,
for the cookery was their usual part; but, one of them stepping to the
battlements, our flight was observed before we were twenty fathoms from
the rock; and the three of them ran about the ruins and the
landing-shelf, for all the world like ants about a broken nest, hailing
and crying on us to return.  We were still in both the lee and the shadow
of the rock, which last lay broad upon the waters, but presently came
forth in almost the same moment into the wind and sunshine; the sail
filled, the boat heeled to the gunwale, and we swept immediately beyond
sound of the men’s voices.  To what terrors they endured upon the rock,
where they were now deserted without the countenance of any civilised
person or so much as the protection of a Bible, no limit can be set; nor
had they any brandy left to be their consolation, for even in the haste
and secrecy of our departure Andie had managed to remove it.

It was our first care to set Anster ashore in a cove by the Glenteithy
Rocks, so that the deliverance of our maroons might be duly seen to the
next day.  Thence we kept away up Firth.  The breeze, which was then so
spirited, swiftly declined, but never wholly failed us.  All day we kept
moving, though often not much more; and it was after dark ere we were up
with the Queensferry.  To keep the letter of Andie’s engagement (or what
was left of it) I must remain on board, but I thought no harm to
communicate with the shore in writing.  On Prestongrange’s cover, where
the Government seal must have a good deal surprised my correspondent, I
writ, by the boat’s lantern, a few necessary words, aboard and Andie
carried them to Rankeillor.  In about an hour he came again, with a purse
of money and the assurance that a good horse should be standing saddled
for me by two to-morrow at Clackmannan Pool.  This done, and the boat
riding by her stone anchor, we lay down to sleep under the sail.

We were in the Pool the next day long ere two; and there was nothing left
for me but to sit and wait.  I felt little alacrity upon my errand.  I
would have been glad of any passable excuse to lay it down; but none
being to be found, my uneasiness was no less great than if I had been
running to some desired pleasure.  By shortly after one the horse was at
the waterside, and I could see a man walking it to and fro till I should
land, which vastly swelled my impatience.  Andie ran the moment of my
liberation very fine, showing himself a man of his bare word, but scarce
serving his employers with a heaped measure; and by about fifty seconds
after two I was in the saddle and on the full stretch for Stirling.  In a
little more than an hour I had passed that town, and was already mounting
Alan Water side, when the weather broke in a small tempest.  The rain
blinded me, the wind had nearly beat me from the saddle, and the first
darkness of the night surprised me in a wilderness still some way east of
Balwhidder, not very sure of my direction and mounted on a horse that
began already to be weary.

In the press of my hurry, and to be spared the delay and annoyance of a
guide, I had followed (so far as it was possible for any horseman) the
line of my journey with Alan.  This I did with open eyes, foreseeing a
great risk in it, which the tempest had now brought to a reality.  The
last that I knew of where I was, I think it must have been about Uam Var;
the hour perhaps six at night.  I must still think it great good fortune
that I got about eleven to my destination, the house of Duncan Dhu.
Where I had wandered in the interval perhaps the horse could tell.  I
know we were twice down, and once over the saddle and for a moment
carried away in a roaring burn.  Steed and rider were bemired up to the

From Duncan I had news of the trial.  It was followed in all these
Highland regions with religious interest; news of it spread from Inverary
as swift as men could travel; and I was rejoiced to learn that, up to a
late hour that Saturday it was not yet concluded; and all men began to
suppose it must spread over the Monday.  Under the spur of this
intelligence I would not sit to eat; but, Duncan having agreed to be my
guide, took the road again on foot, with the piece in my hand and
munching as I went.  Duncan brought with him a flask of usquebaugh and a
hand-lantern; which last enlightened us just so long as we could find
houses where to rekindle it, for the thing leaked outrageously and blew
out with every gust.  The more part of the night we walked blindfold
among sheets of rain, and day found us aimless on the mountains.  Hard by
we struck a hut on a burn-side, where we got bite and a direction; and, a
little before the end of the sermon, came to the kirk doors of Inverary.

The rain had somewhat washed the upper parts of me, but I was still
bogged as high as to the knees; I streamed water; I was so weary I could
hardly limp, and my face was like a ghost’s.  I stood certainly more in
need of a change of raiment and a bed to lie on, than of all the benefits
in Christianity.  For all which (being persuaded the chief point for me
was to make myself immediately public) I set the door of the church with
the dirty Duncan at my tails, and finding a vacant place sat down.

“Thirteently, my brethren, and in parenthesis, the law itself must be
regarded as a means of grace,” the minister was saying, in the voice of
one delighting to pursue an argument.

The sermon was in English on account of the assize.  The judges were
present with their armed attendants, the halberts glittered in a corner
by the door, and the seats were thronged beyond custom with the array of
lawyers.  The text was in Romans 5th and 13th—the minister a skilled
hand; and the whole of that able churchful—from Argyle, and my Lords
Elchies and Kilkerran, down to the halbertmen that came in their
attendance—was sunk with gathered brows in a profound critical attention.
The minister himself and a sprinkling of those about the door observed
our entrance at the moment and immediately forgot the same; the rest
either did not hear or would not hear or would not be heard; and I sat
amongst my friends and enemies unremarked.

The first that I singled out was Prestongrange.  He sat well forward,
like an eager horseman in the saddle, his lips moving with relish, his
eyes glued on the minister; the doctrine was clearly to his mind.
Charles Stewart, on the other hand, was half asleep, and looked harassed
and pale.  As for Simon Fraser, he appeared like a blot, and almost a
scandal, in the midst of that attentive congregation, digging his hands
in his pockets, shifting his legs, clearing his throat, and rolling up
his bald eyebrows and shooting out his eyes to right and left, now with a
yawn, now with a secret smile.  At times, too, he would take the Bible in
front of him, run it through, seem to read a bit, run it through again,
and stop and yawn prodigiously: the whole as if for exercise.

In the course of this restlessness his eye alighted on myself.  He sat a
second stupefied, then tore a half-leaf out of the Bible, scrawled upon
it with a pencil, and passed it with a whispered word to his next
neighbour.  The note came to Prestongrange, who gave me but the one look;
thence it voyaged to the hands of Mr. Erskine; thence again to Argyle,
where he sat between the other two lords of session, and his Grace turned
and fixed me with an arrogant eye.  The last of those interested in my
presence was Charlie Stewart, and he too began to pencil and hand about
dispatches, none of which I was able to trace to their destination in the

But the passage of these notes had aroused notice; all who were in the
secret (or supposed themselves to be so) were whispering information—the
rest questions; and the minister himself seemed quite discountenanced by
the flutter in the church and sudden stir and whispering.  His voice
changed, he plainly faltered, nor did he again recover the easy
conviction and full tones of his delivery.  It would be a puzzle to him
till his dying day, why a sermon that had gone with triumph through four
parts, should thus miscarry in the fifth.

As for me, I continued to sit there, very wet and weary, and a good deal
anxious as to what should happen next, but greatly exulting in my


The last word of the blessing was scarce out of the minister’s mouth
before Stewart had me by the arm.  We were the first to be forth of the
church, and he made such extraordinary expedition that we were safe
within the four walls of a house before the street had begun to be
thronged with the home-going congregation.

“Am I yet in time?” I asked.

“Ay and no,” said he.  “The case is over; the jury is enclosed, and will
so kind as let us ken their view of it to-morrow in the morning, the same
as I could have told it my own self three days ago before the play began.
The thing has been public from the start.  The panel kent it, ‘_Ye may do
what ye will for me_,’ whispers he two days ago.  ‘_Ye ken my fate by
what the Duke of Argyle has just said to Mr. Macintosh_.’  O, it’s been a

    “The great Agyle he gaed before,
    He gart the cannons and guns to roar,”

and the very macer cried ‘Cruachan!’  But now that I have got you again
I’ll never despair.  The oak shall go over the myrtle yet; we’ll ding the
Campbells yet in their own town.  Praise God that I should see the day!”

He was leaping with excitement, emptied out his mails upon the floor that
I might have a change of clothes, and incommoded me with his assistance
as I changed.  What remained to be done, or how I was to do it, was what
he never told me nor, I believe, so much as thought of.  “We’ll ding the
Campbells yet!” that was still his overcome.  And it was forced home upon
my mind how this, that had the externals of a sober process of law, was
in its essence a clan battle between savage clans.  I thought my friend
the Writer none of the least savage.  Who that had only seen him at a
counsel’s back before the Lord Ordinary or following a golf ball and
laying down his clubs on Bruntsfield links, could have recognised for the
same person this voluble and violent clansman?

James Stewart’s counsel were four in number—Sheriffs Brown of Colstoun
and Miller, Mr. Robert Macintosh, and Mr. Stewart younger of Stewart
Hall.  These were covenanted to dine with the Writer after sermon, and I
was very obligingly included of the party.  No sooner the cloth lifted,
and the first bowl very artfully compounded by Sheriff Miller, than we
fell to the subject in hand.  I made a short narration of my seizure and
captivity, and was then examined and re-examined upon the circumstances
of the murder.  It will be remembered this was the first time I had had
my say out, or the matter at all handled, among lawyers; and the
consequence was very dispiriting to the others and (I must own)
disappointing to myself.

“To sum up,” said Colstoun, “you prove that Alan was on the spot; you
have heard him proffer menaces against Glenure; and though you assure us
he was not the man who fired, you leave a strong impression that he was
in league with him, and consenting, perhaps immediately assisting, in the
act.  You show him besides, at the risk of his own liberty, actively
furthering the criminal’s escape.  And the rest of your testimony (so far
as the least material) depends on the bare word of Alan or of James, the
two accused.  In short, you do not at all break, but only lengthen by one
personage, the chain that binds our client to the murderer; and I need
scarcely say that the introduction of a third accomplice rather
aggravates that appearance of a conspiracy which has been our stumbling
block from the beginning.”

“I am of the same opinion,” said Sheriff Miller.  “I think we may all be
very much obliged to Prestongrange for taking a most uncomfortable
witness out of our way.  And chiefly, I think, Mr. Balfour himself might
be obliged.  For you talk of a third accomplice, but Mr. Balfour (in my
view) has very much the appearance of a fourth.”

“Allow me, sirs!” interposed Stewart the Writer.  “There is another view.
Here we have a witness—never fash whether material or not—a witness in
this cause, kidnapped by that old, lawless, bandit crew of the Glengyle
Macgregors, and sequestered for near upon a month in a bourock of old
ruins on the Bass.  Move that and see what dirt you fling on the
proceedings!  Sirs, this is a tale to make the world ring with!  It would
be strange, with such a grip as this, if we couldnae squeeze out a pardon
for my client.”

“And suppose we took up Mr. Balfour’s cause to-morrow?” said Stewart
Hall.  “I am much deceived or we should find so many impediments thrown
in our path, as that James should have been hanged before we had found a
court to hear us.  This is a great scandal, but I suppose we have none of
us forgot a greater still, I mean the matter of the Lady Grange.  The
woman was still in durance; my friend Mr. Hope of Rankeillor did what was
humanly possible; and how did he speed? He never got a warrant!  Well,
it’ll be the same now; the same weapons will be used.  This is a scene,
gentleman, of clan animosity.  The hatred of the name which I have the
honour to bear, rages in high quarters.  There is nothing here to be
viewed but naked Campbell spite and scurvy Campbell intrigue.”

You may be sure this was to touch a welcome topic, and I sat for some
time in the midst of my learned counsel, almost deaved with their talk
but extremely little the wiser for its purport.  The Writer was led into
some hot expressions; Colstoun must take him up and set him right; the
rest joined in on different sides, but all pretty noisy; the Duke of
Argyle was beaten like a blanket; King George came in for a few digs in
the by-going and a great deal of rather elaborate defence; and there was
only one person that seemed to be forgotten, and that was James of the

Through all this Mr. Miller sat quiet.  He was a slip of an oldish
gentleman, ruddy and twinkling; he spoke in a smooth rich voice, with an
infinite effect of pawkiness, dealing out each word the way an actor
does, to give the most expression possible; and even now, when he was
silent, and sat there with his wig laid aside, his glass in both hands,
his mouth funnily pursed, and his chin out, he seemed the mere picture of
a merry slyness.  It was plain he had a word to say, and waited for the
fit occasion.

It came presently.  Colstoun had wound up one of his speeches with some
expression of their duty to their client.  His brother sheriff was
pleased, I suppose, with the transition.  He took the table in his
confidence with a gesture and a look.

“That suggests to me a consideration which seems overlooked,” said he.
“The interest of our client goes certainly before all, but the world does
not come to an end with James Stewart.”  Whereat he cocked his eye.  “I
might condescend, _exempli gratia_, upon a Mr. George Brown, a Mr. Thomas
Miller, and a Mr. David Balfour.  Mr. David Balfour has a very good
ground of complaint, and I think, gentlemen—if his story was properly
redd out—I think there would be a number of wigs on the green.”

The whole table turned to him with a common movement.

“Properly handled and carefully redd out, his is a story that could
scarcely fail to have some consequence,” he continued.  “The whole
administration of justice, from its highest officer downward, would be
totally discredited; and it looks to me as if they would need to be
replaced.”  He seemed to shine with cunning as he said it.  “And I need
not point out to ye that this of Mr. Balfour’s would be a remarkable
bonny cause to appear in,” he added.

Well, there they all were started on another hare; Mr. Balfour’s cause,
and what kind of speeches could be there delivered, and what officials
could be thus turned out, and who would succeed to their positions.  I
shall give but the two specimens.  It was proposed to approach Simon
Fraser, whose testimony, if it could be obtained, would prove certainly
fatal to Argyle and to Prestongrange.  Miller highly approved of the
attempt.  “We have here before us a dreeping roast,” said he, “here is
cut-and-come-again for all.”  And methought all licked their lips.  The
other was already near the end.  Stewart the Writer was out of the body
with delight, smelling vengeance on his chief enemy, the Duke.

“Gentlemen,” cried he, charging his glass, “here is to Sheriff Miller.
His legal abilities are known to all.  His culinary, this bowl in front
of us is here to speak for.  But when it comes to the poleetical!”—cries
he, and drains the glass.

“Ay, but it will hardly prove politics in your meaning, my friend,” said
the gratified Miller.  “A revolution, if you like, and I think I can
promise you that historical writers shall date from Mr. Balfour’s cause.
But properly guided, Mr. Stewart, tenderly guided, it shall prove a
peaceful revolution.”

“And if the damned Campbells get their ears rubbed, what care I?” cries
Stewart, smiting down his fist.

It will be thought I was not very well pleased with all this, though I
could scarce forbear smiling at a kind of innocency in these old
intriguers.  But it was not my view to have undergone so many sorrows for
the advancement of Sheriff Miller or to make a revolution in the
Parliament House: and I interposed accordingly with as much simplicity of
manner as I could assume.

“I have to thank you, gentlemen, for your advice,” said I.  “And now I
would like, by your leave, to set you two or three questions.  There is
one thing that has fallen rather on one aide, for instance: Will this
cause do any good to our friend James of the Glens?”

They seemed all a hair set back, and gave various answers, but concurring
practically in one point, that James had now no hope but in the King’s

“To proceed, then,” said I, “will it do any good to Scotland?  We have a
saying that it is an ill bird that fouls his own nest.  I remember
hearing we had a riot in Edinburgh when I was an infant child, which gave
occasion to the late Queen to call this country barbarous; and I always
understood that we had rather lost than gained by that.  Then came the
year ’Forty-five, which made Scotland to be talked of everywhere; but I
never heard it said we had anyway gained by the ’Forty-five.  And now we
come to this cause of Mr. Balfour’s, as you call it.  Sheriff Miller
tells us historical writers are to date from it, and I would not wonder.
It is only my fear they would date from it as a period of calamity and
public reproach.”

The nimble-witted Miller had already smelt where I was travelling to, and
made haste to get on the same road.  “Forcibly put, Mr. Balfour,” says
he.  “A weighty observe, sir.”

“We have next to ask ourselves if it will be good for King George,” I
pursued.  “Sheriff Miller appears pretty easy upon this; but I doubt you
will scarce be able to pull down the house from under him, without his
Majesty coming by a knock or two, one of which might easily prove fatal.”

I gave them a chance to answer, but none volunteered.

“Of those for whom the case was to be profitable,” I went on, “Sheriff
Miller gave us the names of several, among the which he was good enough
to mention mine.  I hope he will pardon me if I think otherwise.  I
believe I hung not the least back in this affair while there was life to
be saved; but I own I thought myself extremely hazarded, and I own I
think it would be a pity for a young man, with some idea of coming to the
Bar, to ingrain upon himself the character of a turbulent, factious
fellow before he was yet twenty.  As for James, it seems—at this date of
the proceedings, with the sentence as good as pronounced—he has no hope
but in the King’s mercy.  May not his Majesty, then, be more pointedly
addressed, the characters of these high officers sheltered from the
public, and myself kept out of a position which I think spells ruin for

They all sat and gazed into their glasses, and I could see they found my
attitude on the affair unpalatable.  But Miller was ready at all events.

“If I may be allowed to put my young friend’s notion in more formal
shape,” says he, “I understand him to propose that we should embody the
fact of his sequestration, and perhaps some heads of the testimony he was
prepared to offer, in a memorial to the Crown.  This plan has elements of
success.  It is as likely as any other (and perhaps likelier) to help our
client.  Perhaps his Majesty would have the goodness to feel a certain
gratitude to all concerned in such a memorial, which might be construed
into an expression of a very delicate loyalty; and I think, in the
drafting of the same, this view might be brought forward.”

They all nodded to each other, not without sighs, for the former
alternative was doubtless more after their inclination.

“Paper, then, Mr. Stewart, if you please,” pursued Miller; “and I think
it might very fittingly be signed by the five of us here present, as
procurators for the condemned man.”’

“It can do none of us any harm, at least,” says Colstoun, heaving another
sigh, for he had seen himself Lord Advocate the last ten minutes.

Thereupon they set themselves, not very enthusiastically, to draft the
memorial—a process in the course of which they soon caught fire; and I
had no more ado but to sit looking on and answer an occasional question.
The paper was very well expressed; beginning with a recitation of the
facts about myself, the reward offered for my apprehension, my surrender,
the pressure brought to bear upon me; my sequestration; and my arrival at
Inverary in time to be too late; going on to explain the reasons of
loyalty and public interest for which it was agreed to waive any right of
action; and winding up with a forcible appeal to the King’s mercy on
behalf of James.

Methought I was a good deal sacrificed, and rather represented in the
light of a firebrand of a fellow whom my cloud of lawyers had restrained
with difficulty from extremes.  But I let it pass, and made but the one
suggestion, that I should be described as ready to deliver my own
evidence and adduce that of others before any commission of inquiry—and
the one demand, that I should be immediately furnished with a copy.

Colstoun hummed and hawed.  “This is a very confidential document,” said

“And my position towards Prestongrange is highly peculiar,” I replied.
“No question but I must have touched his heart at our first interview, so
that he has since stood my friend consistently.  But for him, gentlemen,
I must now be lying dead or awaiting my sentence alongside poor James.
For which reason I choose to communicate to him the fact of this memorial
as soon as it is copied.  You are to consider also that this step will
make for my protection.  I have enemies here accustomed to drive hard;
his Grace is in his own country, Lovat by his side; and if there should
hang any ambiguity over our proceedings I think I might very well awake
in gaol.”

Not finding any very ready answer to these considerations, my company of
advisers were at the last persuaded to consent, and made only this
condition that I was to lay the paper before Prestongrange with the
express compliments of all concerned.

The Advocate was at the castle dining with his Grace.  By the hand of one
of Colstoun’s servants I sent him a billet asking for an interview, and
received a summons to meet him at once in a private house of the town.
Here I found him alone in a chamber; from his face there was nothing to
be gleaned; yet I was not so unobservant but what I spied some halberts
in the hall, and not so stupid but what I could gather he was prepared to
arrest me there and then, should it appear advisable.

“So, Mr. David, this is you?” said he.

“Where I fear I am not overly welcome, my lord,” said I.  “And I would
like before I go further to express my sense of your lordship’s good
offices, even should they now cease.”

“I have heard of your gratitude before,” he replied drily, “and I think
this can scarce be the matter you called me from my wine to listen to.  I
would remember also, if I were you, that you still stand on a very boggy

“Not now, my lord, I think,” said I; “and if your lordship will but
glance an eye along this, you will perhaps think as I do.”

He read it sedulously through, frowning heavily; then turned back to one
part and another which he seemed to weigh and compare the effect of.  His
face a little lightened.

“This is not so bad but what it might be worse,” said he; “though I am
still likely to pay dear for my acquaintance with Mr. David Balfour.”

“Rather for your indulgence to that unlucky young man, my lord,” said I.

He still skimmed the paper, and all the while his spirits seemed to mend.

“And to whom am I indebted for this?” he asked presently.  “Other
counsels must have been discussed, I think.  Who was it proposed this
private method?  Was it Miller?”

“My lord, it was myself,” said I.  “These gentlemen have shown me no such
consideration, as that I should deny myself any credit I can fairly
claim, or spare them any responsibility they should properly bear.  And
the mere truth is, that they were all in favour of a process which should
have remarkable consequences in the Parliament House, and prove for them
(in one of their own expressions) a dripping roast.  Before I intervened,
I think they were on the point of sharing out the different law
appointments.  Our friend Mr. Simon was to be taken in upon some

Prestongrange smiled.  “These are our friends,” said he.  “And what were
your reasons for dissenting, Mr. David?”

I told them without concealment, expressing, however, with more force and
volume those which regarded Prestongrange himself.

“You do me no more than justice,” said he.  “I have fought as hard in
your interest as you have fought against mine.  And how came you here
to-day?” he asked.  “As the case drew out, I began to grow uneasy that I
had clipped the period so fine, and I was even expecting you to-morrow.
But to-day—I never dreamed of it.”

I was not of course, going to betray Andie.

“I suspect there is some very weary cattle by the road,” said I.

“If I had known you were such a mosstrooper you should have tasted longer
of the Bass,” says he.

“Speaking of which, my lord, I return your letter.”  And I gave him the
enclosure in the counterfeit hand.

“There was the cover also with the seal,” said he.

“I have it not,” said I.  “It bore not even an address, and could not
compromise a cat.  The second enclosure I have, and with your permission,
I desire to keep it.”

I thought he winced a little, but he said nothing to the point.
“To-morrow,” he resumed, “our business here is to be finished, and I
proceed by Glasgow.  I would be very glad to have you of my party, Mr

“My lord . . .” I began.

“I do not deny it will be of service to me,” he interrupted.  “I desire
even that, when we shall come to Edinburgh, you should alight at my
house.  You have very warm friends in the Miss Grants, who will be
overjoyed to have you to themselves.  If you think I have been of use to
you, you can thus easily repay me, and so far from losing, may reap some
advantage by the way.  It is not every strange young man who is presented
in society by the King’s Advocate.”

Often enough already (in our brief relations) this gentleman had caused
my head to spin; no doubt but what for a moment he did so again now.
Here was the old fiction still maintained of my particular favour with
his daughters, one of whom had been so good as to laugh at me, while the
other two had scarce deigned to remark the fact of my existence.  And now
I was to ride with my lord to Glasgow; I was to dwell with him in
Edinburgh; I was to be brought into society under his protection!  That
he should have so much good-nature as to forgive me was surprising
enough; that he could wish to take me up and serve me seemed impossible;
and I began to seek some ulterior meaning.  One was plain.  If I became
his guest, repentance was excluded; I could never think better of my
present design and bring any action.  And besides, would not my presence
in his house draw out the whole pungency of the memorial?  For that
complaint could not be very seriously regarded, if the person chiefly
injured was the guest of the official most incriminated.  As I thought
upon this I could not quite refrain from smiling.

“This is in the nature of a countercheck to the memorial?” said I.

“You are cunning, Mr. David,” said he, “and you do not wholly guess wrong
the fact will be of use to me in my defence.  Perhaps, however, you
underrate friendly sentiments, which are perfectly genuine.  I have a
respect for you, David, mingled with awe,” says he, smiling.

“I am more than willing, I am earnestly desirous to meet your wishes,”
said I.  “It is my design to be called to the Bar, where your lordship’s
countenance would be invaluable; and I am besides sincerely grateful to
yourself and family for different marks of interest and of indulgence.
The difficulty is here.  There is one point in which we pull two ways.
You are trying to hang James Stewart, I am trying to save him.  In so far
as my riding with you would better your lordship’s defence, I am at your
lordships orders; but in so far as it would help to hang James Stewart,
you see me at a stick.”

I thought he swore to himself.  “You should certainly be called; the Bar
is the true scene for your talents,” says he, bitterly, and then fell a
while silent.  “I will tell you,” he presently resumed, “there is no
question of James Stewart, for or against, James is a dead man; his life
is given and taken—bought (if you like it better) and sold; no memorial
can help—no defalcation of a faithful Mr. David hurt him.  Blow high,
blow low, there will be no pardon for James Stewart: and take that for
said!  The question is now of myself: am I to stand or fall? and I do not
deny to you that I am in some danger.  But will Mr. David Balfour
consider why?  It is not because I pushed the case unduly against James;
for that, I am sure of condonation.  And it is not because I have
sequestered Mr. David on a rock, though it will pass under that colour;
but because I did not take the ready and plain path, to which I was
pressed repeatedly, and send Mr. David to his grave or to the gallows.
Hence the scandal—hence this damned memorial,” striking the paper on his
leg.  “My tenderness for you has brought me in this difficulty.  I wish
to know if your tenderness to your own conscience is too great to let you
help me out of it.”

No doubt but there was much of the truth in what he said; if James was
past helping, whom was it more natural that I should turn to help than
just the man before me, who had helped myself so often, and was even now
setting me a pattern of patience?  I was besides not only weary, but
beginning to be ashamed, of my perpetual attitude of suspicion and

“If you will name the time and place, I will be punctually ready to
attend your lordship,” said I.

He shook hands with me.  “And I think my misses have some news for you,”
says he, dismissing me.

I came away, vastly pleased to have my peace made, yet a little concerned
in conscience; nor could I help wondering, as I went back, whether,
perhaps, I had not been a scruple too good-natured.  But there was the
fact, that this was a man that might have been my father, an able man, a
great dignitary, and one that, in the hour of my need, had reached a hand
to my assistance.  I was in the better humour to enjoy the remainder of
that evening, which I passed with the advocates, in excellent company no
doubt, but perhaps with rather more than a sufficiency of punch: for
though I went early to bed I have no clear mind of how I got there.


On the morrow, from the justices’ private room, where none could see me,
I heard the verdict given in and judgment rendered upon James.  The
Duke’s words I am quite sure I have correctly; and since that famous
passage has been made a subject of dispute, I may as well commemorate my
version.  Having referred to the year ’45, the chief of the Campbells,
sitting as Justice-General upon the bench, thus addressed the unfortunate
Stewart before him: “If you had been successful in that rebellion, you
might have been giving the law where you have now received the judgment
of it; we, who are this day your judges, might have been tried before one
of your mock courts of judicature; and then you might have been satiated
with the blood of any name or clan to which you had an aversion.”

“This is to let the cat out of the bag, indeed,” thought I.  And that was
the general impression.  It was extraordinary how the young advocate lads
took hold and made a mock of this speech, and how scarce a meal passed
but what someone would get in the words: “And then you might have been
satiated.”  Many songs were made in time for the hour’s diversion, and
are near all forgot.  I remember one began:

    “What do ye want the bluid of, bluid of?
    Is it a name, or is it a clan,
    Or is it an aefauld Hielandman,
    That ye want the bluid of, bluid of?”

Another went to my old favourite air, _The House of Airlie_, and began

    “It fell on a day when Argyle was on the bench,
    That they served him a Stewart for his denner.”

And one of the verses ran:

    “Then up and spak’ the Duke, and flyted on his cook,
    I regard it as a sensible aspersion,
    That I would sup ava’, an’ satiate my maw,
    With the bluid of ony clan of my aversion.”

James was as fairly murdered as though the Duke had got a fowling-piece
and stalked him.  So much of course I knew: but others knew not so much,
and were more affected by the items of scandal that came to light in the
progress of the cause.  One of the chief was certainly this sally of the
justice’s.  It was run hard by another of a juryman, who had struck into
the midst of Coulston’s speech for the defence with a “Pray, sir, cut it
short, we are quite weary,” which seemed the very excess of impudence and
simplicity.  But some of my new lawyer friends were still more staggered
with an innovation that had disgraced and even vitiated the proceedings.
One witness was never called.  His name, indeed, was printed, where it
may still be seen on the fourth page of the list: “James Drummond,
_alias_ Macgregor, _alias_ James More, late tenant in Inveronachile”; and
his precognition had been taken, as the manner is, in writing.  He had
remembered or invented (God help him) matter which was lead in James
Stewart’s shoes, and I saw was like to prove wings to his own.  This
testimony it was highly desirable to bring to the notice of the jury,
without exposing the man himself to the perils of cross-examination; and
the way it was brought about was a matter of surprise to all.  For the
paper was handed round (like a curiosity) in court; passed through the
jury-box, where it did its work; and disappeared again (as though by
accident) before it reached the counsel for the prisoner.  This was
counted a most insidious device; and that the name of James More should
be mingled up with it filled me with shame for Catriona and concern for

The following day, Prestongrange and I, with a considerable company, set
out for Glasgow, where (to my impatience) we continued to linger some
time in a mixture of pleasure and affairs.  I lodged with my lord, with
whom I was encouraged to familiarity; had my place at entertainments; was
presented to the chief guests; and altogether made more of than I thought
accorded either with my parts or station; so that, on strangers being
present, I would often blush for Prestongrange.  It must be owned the
view I had taken of the world in these last months was fit to cast a
gloom upon my character.  I had met many men, some of them leaders in
Israel whether by their birth or talents; and who among them all had
shown clean hands?  As for the Browns and Millers, I had seen their
self-seeking, I could never again respect them.  Prestongrange was the
best yet; he had saved me, spared me rather, when others had it in their
minds to murder me outright; but the blood of James lay at his door; and
I thought his present dissimulation with myself a thing below pardon.
That he should affect to find pleasure in my discourse almost surprised
me out of my patience.  I would sit and watch him with a kind of a slow
fire of anger in my bowels.  “Ah, friend, friend,” I would think to
myself, “if you were but through with this affair of the memorial, would
you not kick me in the streets?”  Here I did him, as events have proved,
the most grave injustice; and I think he was at once far more sincere,
and a far more artful performer, than I supposed.

But I had some warrant for my incredulity in the behaviour of that court
of young advocates that hung about in the hope of patronage.  The sudden
favour of a lad not previously heard of troubled them at first out of
measure; but two days were not gone by before I found myself surrounded
with flattery and attention.  I was the same young man, and neither
better nor bonnier, that they had rejected a month before; and now there
was no civility too fine for me!  The same, do I say?  It was not so; and
the by-name by which I went behind my back confirmed it.  Seeing me so
firm with the Advocate, and persuaded that I was to fly high and far,
they had taken a word from the golfing green, and called me _the Tee’d
Ball_. {14}  I was told I was now “one of themselves”; I was to taste of
their soft lining, who had already made my own experience of the
roughness of the outer husk; and one, to whom I had been presented in
Hope Park, was so aspired as even to remind me of that meeting.  I told
him I had not the pleasure of remembering it.

“Why” says he, “it was Miss Grant herself presented me!  My name is

“It may very well be, sir,” said I; “but I have kept no mind of it.”

At which he desisted; and in the midst of the disgust that commonly
overflowed my spirits I had a glisk of pleasure.

But I have not patience to dwell upon that time at length.  When I was in
company with these young politics I was borne down with shame for myself
and my own plain ways, and scorn for them and their duplicity.  Of the
two evils, I thought Prestongrange to be the least; and while I was
always as stiff as buckram to the young bloods, I made rather a
dissimulation of my hard feelings towards the Advocate, and was (in old
Mr. Campbell’s word) “soople to the laird.”  Himself commented on the
difference, and bid me be more of my age, and make friends with my young

I told him I was slow of making friends.

“I will take the word back,” said he.  “But there is such a thing as
_Fair gude s’en and fair gude day_, Mr. David.  These are the same young
men with whom you are to pass your days and get through life: your
backwardness has a look of arrogance; and unless you can assume a little
more lightness of manner, I fear you will meet difficulties in the path.”

“It will be an ill job to make a silk purse of a sow’s ear,” said I.

On the morning of October 1st I was awakened by the clattering in of an
express; and getting to my window almost before he had dismounted, I saw
the messenger had ridden hard.  Somewhile after I was called to
Prestongrange, where he was sitting in his bedgown and nightcap, with his
letters round him.

“Mr. David,” add he, “I have a piece of news for you.  It concerns some
friends of yours, of whom I sometimes think you are a little ashamed, for
you have never referred to their existence.”

I suppose I blushed.

“See you understand, since you make the answering signal,” said he.  “And
I must compliment you on your excellent taste in beauty.  But do you
know, Mr. David? this seems to me a very enterprising lass.  She crops up
from every side.  The Government of Scotland appears unable to proceed
for Mistress Katrine Drummond, which was somewhat the case (no great
while back) with a certain Mr. David Balfour.  Should not these make a
good match?  Her first intromission in politics—but I must not tell you
that story, the authorities have decided you are to hear it otherwise and
from a livelier narrator.  This new example is more serious, however; and
I am afraid I must alarm you with the intelligence that she is now in

I cried out.

“Yes,” said he, “the little lady is in prison.  But I would not have you
to despair.  Unless you (with your friends and memorials) shall procure
my downfall, she is to suffer nothing.”

“But what has she done?  What is her offence?” I cried.

“It might be almost construed a high treason,” he returned, “for she has
broke the king’s Castle of Edinburgh.”

“The lady is much my friend,” I said.  “I know you would not mock me if
the thing were serious.”

“And yet it is serious in a sense,” said he; “for this rogue of a
Katrine—or Cateran, as we may call her—has set adrift again upon the
world that very doubtful character, her papa.”

Here was one of my previsions justified: James More was once again at
liberty.  He had lent his men to keep me a prisoner; he had volunteered
his testimony in the Appin case, and the same (no matter by what
subterfuge) had been employed to influence the jury.  Now came his
reward, and he was free.  It might please the authorities to give to it
the colour of an escape; but I knew better—I knew it must be the
fulfilment of a bargain.  The same course of thought relieved me of the
least alarm for Catriona.  She might be thought to have broke prison for
her father; she might have believed so herself.  But the chief hand in
the whole business was that of Prestongrange; and I was sure, so far from
letting her come to punishment, he would not suffer her to be even tried.
Whereupon thus came out of me the not very politic ejaculation:

“Ah! I was expecting that!”

“You have at times a great deal of discretion, too!” says Prestongrange.

“And what is my lord pleased to mean by that?” I asked.

“I was just marvelling”, he replied, “that being so clever as to draw
these inferences, you should not be clever enough to keep them to
yourself.  But I think you would like to hear the details of the affair.
I have received two versions: and the least official is the more full and
far the more entertaining, being from the lively pen of my eldest
daughter.  ‘Here is all the town bizzing with a fine piece of work,’ she
writes, ‘and what would make the thing more noted (if it were only known)
the malefactor is a _protégée_ of his lordship my papa.  I am sure your
heart is too much in your duty (if it were nothing else) to have
forgotten Grey Eyes.  What does she do, but get a broad hat with the
flaps open, a long hairy-like man’s greatcoat, and a big gravatt; kilt
her coats up to _Gude kens whaur_, clap two pair of boot-hose upon her
legs, take a pair of _clouted brogues_ {15} in her hand, and off to the
Castle!  Here she gives herself out to be a soutar {16} in the employ of
James More, and gets admitted to his cell, the lieutenant (who seems to
have been full of pleasantry) making sport among his soldiers of the
soutar’s greatcoat.  Presently they hear disputation and the sound of
blows inside.  Out flies the cobbler, his coat flying, the flaps of his
hat beat about his face, and the lieutenant and his soldiers mock at him
as he runs off.  They laughed no so hearty the next time they had
occasion to visit the cell and found nobody but a tall, pretty, grey-eyed
lass in the female habit!  As for the cobbler, he was ‘over the hills
ayout Dumblane,’ and it’s thought that poor Scotland will have to console
herself without him.  I drank Catriona’s health this night in public.
Indeed, the whole town admires her; and I think the beaux would wear bits
of her garters in their button-holes if they could only get them.  I
would have gone to visit her in prison too, only I remembered in time I
was papa’s daughter; so I wrote her a billet instead, which I entrusted
to the faithful Doig, and I hope you will admit I can be political when I
please.  The same faithful gomeral is to despatch this letter by the
express along with those of the wiseacres, so that you may hear Tom Fool
in company with Solomon.  Talking of _gomerals_, do tell _Dauvit
Balfour_.  I would I could see the face of him at the thought of a
long-legged lass in such a predicament; to say nothing of the levities of
your affectionate daughter, and his respectful friend.’  So my rascal
signs herself!” continued Prestongrange.  “And you see, Mr. David, it is
quite true what I tell you, that my daughters regard you with the most
affectionate playfulness.”

“The gomeral is much obliged,” said I.

“And was not this prettily done!” he went on.  “Is not this Highland maid
a piece of a heroine?”

“I was always sure she had a great heart,” said I.  “And I wager she
guessed nothing . . . But I beg your pardon, this is to tread upon
forbidden subjects.”

“I will go bail she did not,” he returned, quite openly.  “I will go bail
she thought she was flying straight into King George’s face.”

Remembrance of Catriona and the thought of her lying in captivity, moved
me strangely.  I could see that even Prestongrange admired, and could not
withhold his lips from smiling when he considered her behaviour.  As for
Miss Grant, for all her ill habit of mockery, her admiration shone out
plain.  A kind of a heat came on me.

“I am not your lordship’s daughter. . . ” I began.

“That I know of!” he put in, smiling.

“I speak like a fool,” said I; “or rather I began wrong.  It would
doubtless be unwise in Mistress Grant to go to her in prison; but for me,
I think I would look like a half-hearted friend if I did not fly there

“So-ho, Mr. David,” says he; “I thought that you and I were in a

“My lord,” I said, “when I made that bargain I was a good deal affected
by your goodness, but I’ll never can deny that I was moved besides by my
own interest.  There was self-seeking in my heart, and I think shame of
it now.  It may be for your lordship’s safety to say this fashious Davie
Balfour is your friend and housemate.  Say it then; I’ll never contradict
you.  But as for your patronage, I give it all back.  I ask but the one
thing—let me go, and give me a pass to see her in her prison.”

He looked at me with a hard eye.  “You put the cart before the horse, I
think,” says he.  “That which I had given was a portion of my liking,
which your thankless nature does not seem to have remarked.  But for my
patronage, it is not given, nor (to be exact) is it yet offered.”  He
paused a bit.  “And I warn you, you do not know yourself,” he added.
“Youth is a hasty season; you will think better of all this before a

“Well, and I would like to be that kind of youth!” I cried.  “I have seen
too much of the other party in these young advocates that fawn upon your
lordship and are even at the pains to fawn on me.  And I have seen it in
the old ones also.  They are all for by-ends, the whole clan of them!
It’s this that makes me seem to misdoubt your lordship’s liking.  Why
would I think that you would like me?  But ye told me yourself ye had an

I stopped at this, confounded that I had run so far; he was observing me
with an unfathomable face.

“My lord, I ask your pardon,” I resumed.  “I have nothing in my chafts
but a rough country tongue.  I think it would be only decent-like if I
would go to see my friend in her captivity; but I’m owing you my
life—I’ll never forget that; and if it’s for your lordship’s good, here
I’ll stay.  That’s barely gratitude.”

“This might have been reached in fewer words,” says Prestongrange grimly.
“It is easy, and it is at times gracious, to say a plain Scots ‘ay’.”

“Ah, but, my lord, I think ye take me not yet entirely!” cried I.  “For
_your_ sake, for my life-safe, and the kindness that ye say ye bear to
me—for these, I’ll consent; but not for any good that might be coming to
myself.  If I stand aside when this young maid is in her trial, it’s a
thing I will be noways advantaged by; I will lose by it, I will never
gain.  I would rather make a shipwreck wholly than to build on that

He was a minute serious, then smiled.  “You mind me of the man with the
long nose,” said he; “was you to see the moon by a telescope you would
see David Balfour there!  But you shall have your way of it.  I will ask
at you one service, and then set you free: My clerks are overdriven; be
so good as copy me these few pages, and when that is done, I shall bid
you God speed!  I would never charge myself with Mr. David’s conscience;
and if you could cast some part of it (as you went by) in a moss hag, you
would find yourself to ride much easier without it.”

“Perhaps not just entirely in the same direction though, my lord!” says

“And you shall have the last word, too!” cries he gaily.

Indeed, he had some cause for gaiety, having now found the means to gain
his purpose.  To lessen the weight of the memorial, or to have a readier
answer at his hand, he desired I should appear publicly in the character
of his intimate.  But if I were to appear with the same publicity as a
visitor to Catriona in her prison the world would scarce stint to draw
conclusions, and the true nature of James More’s escape must become
evident to all.  This was the little problem I had to set him of a
sudden, and to which he had so briskly found an answer.  I was to be
tethered in Glasgow by that job of copying, which in mere outward decency
I could not well refuse; and during these hours of employment Catriona
was privately got rid of.  I think shame to write of this man that loaded
me with so many goodnesses.  He was kind to me as any father, yet I ever
thought him as false as a cracked bell.


The copying was a weary business, the more so as I perceived very early
there was no sort of urgency in the matters treated, and began very early
to consider my employment a pretext.  I had no sooner finished than I got
to horse, used what remained of daylight to the best purpose, and being
at last fairly benighted, slept in a house by Almond-Water side.  I was
in the saddle again before the day, and the Edinburgh booths were just
opening when I clattered in by the West Bow and drew up a smoking horse
at my lord Advocate’s door.  I had a written word for Doig, my lord’s
private hand that was thought to be in all his secrets—a worthy little
plain man, all fat and snuff and self-sufficiency.  Him I found already
at his desk and already bedabbled with maccabaw, in the same anteroom
where I rencountered with James More.  He read the note scrupulously
through like a chapter in his Bible.

“H’m,” says he; “ye come a wee thing ahint-hand, Mr. Balfour.  The bird’s
flaen—we hae letten her out.”

“Miss Drummond is set free?” I cried.

“Achy!” said he.  “What would we keep her for, ye ken?  To hae made a
steer about the bairn would has pleased naebody.”

“And where’ll she be now?” says I.

“Gude kens!” says Doig, with a shrug.

“She’ll have gone home to Lady Allardyce, I’m thinking,” said I.

“That’ll be it,” said he.

“Then I’ll gang there straight,” says I.

“But ye’ll be for a bite or ye go?” said he.

“Neither bite nor sup,” said I.  “I had a good wauch of milk in by

“Aweel, aweel,” says Doig.  “But ye’ll can leave your horse here and your
bags, for it seems we’re to have your up-put.”

“Na, na”, said I.  “Tamson’s mear {17} would never be the thing for me
this day of all days.”

Doig speaking somewhat broad, I had been led by imitation into an accent
much more countrified than I was usually careful to affect a good deal
broader, indeed, than I have written it down; and I was the more ashamed
when another voice joined in behind me with a scrap of a ballad:

    “Gae saddle me the bonny black,
    Gae saddle sune and mak’ him ready
    For I will down the Gatehope-slack,
    And a’ to see my bonny leddy.”

The young lady, when I turned to her, stood in a morning gown, and her
hands muffled in the same, as if to hold me at a distance.  Yet I could
not but think there was kindness in the eye with which she saw me.

“My best respects to you, Mistress Grant,” said I, bowing.

“The like to yourself, Mr. David,” she replied with a deep courtesy.
“And I beg to remind you of an old musty saw, that meat and mass never
hindered man.  The mass I cannot afford you, for we are all good
Protestants.  But the meat I press on your attention.  And I would not
wonder but I could find something for your private ear that would be
worth the stopping for.”

“Mistress Grant,” said I, “I believe I am already your debtor for some
merry words—and I think they were kind too—on a piece of unsigned paper.”

“Unsigned paper?” says she, and made a droll face, which was likewise
wondrous beautiful, as of one trying to remember.

“Or else I am the more deceived,” I went on.  “But to be sure, we shall
have the time to speak of these, since your father is so good as to make
me for a while your inmate; and the _gomeral_ begs you at this time only
for the favour of his liberty.”

“You give yourself hard names,” said she.

“Mr. Doig and I would be blythe to take harder at your clever pen,” says

“Once more I have to admire the discretion of all men-folk,” she replied.
“But if you will not eat, off with you at once; you will be back the
sooner, for you go on a fool’s errand.  Off with you, Mr. David,” she
continued, opening the door.

    “He has lowpen on his bonny grey,
    He rade the richt gate and the ready
    I trow he would neither stint nor stay,
    For he was seeking his bonny leddy.”

I did not wait to be twice bidden, and did justice to Miss Grant’s
citation on the way to Dean.

Old Lady Allardyce walked there alone in the garden, in her hat and
mutch, and having a silver-mounted staff of some black wood to lean upon.
As I alighted from my horse, and drew near to her with _congees_, I could
see the blood come in her face, and her head fling into the air like what
I had conceived of empresses.

“What brings you to my poor door?” she cried, speaking high through her
nose.  “I cannot bar it.  The males of my house are dead and buried; I
have neither son nor husband to stand in the gate for me; any beggar can
pluck me by the baird {18}—and a baird there is, and that’s the worst of
it yet!” she added partly to herself.

I was extremely put out at this reception, and the last remark, which
seemed like a daft wife’s, left me near hand speechless.

“I see I have fallen under your displeasure, ma’am,” said I.  “Yet I will
still be so bold as ask after Mistress Drummond.”

She considered me with a burning eye, her lips pressed close together
into twenty creases, her hand shaking on her staff.  “This cows all!” she
cried.  “Ye come to me to speir for her?  Would God I knew!”

“She is not here?” I cried.

She threw up her chin and made a step and a cry at me, so that I fell
back incontinent.

“Out upon your leeing throat!” she cried.  “What! ye come and speir at
me!  She’s in jyle, whaur ye took her to—that’s all there is to it.  And
of a’ the beings ever I beheld in breeks, to think it should be to you!
Ye timmer scoun’rel, if I had a male left to my name I would have your
jaicket dustit till ye raired.”

I thought it not good to delay longer in that place, because I remarked
her passion to be rising.  As I turned to the horse-post she even
followed me; and I make no shame to confess that I rode away with the one
stirrup on and scrambling for the other.

As I knew no other quarter where I could push my inquiries, there was
nothing left me but to return to the Advocate’s.  I was well received by
the four ladies, who were now in company together, and must give the news
of Prestongrange and what word went in the west country, at the most
inordinate length and with great weariness to myself; while all the time
that young lady, with whom I so much desired to be alone again, observed
me quizzically and seemed to find pleasure in the sight of my impatience.
At last, after I had endured a meal with them, and was come very near the
point of appealing for an interview before her aunt, she went and stood
by the music-case, and picking out a tune, sang to it on a high key—“He
that will not when he may, When he will he shall have nay.”  But this was
the end of her rigours, and presently, after making some excuse of which
I have no mind, she carried me away in private to her father’s library.
I should not fail to say she was dressed to the nines, and appeared
extraordinary handsome.

“Now, Mr. David, sit ye down here and let us have a two-handed crack,”
said she.  “For I have much to tell you, and it appears besides that I
have been grossly unjust to your good taste.”

“In what manner, Mistress Grant?” I asked.  “I trust I have never seemed
to fail in due respect.”

“I will be your surety, Mr. David,” said she.  “Your respect, whether to
yourself or your poor neighbours, has been always and most fortunately
beyond imitation.  But that is by the question.  You got a note from me?”
she asked.

“I was so bold as to suppose so upon inference,” said I, “and it was
kindly thought upon.”

“It must have prodigiously surprised you,” said she.  “But let us begin
with the beginning.  You have not perhaps forgot a day when you were so
kind as to escort three very tedious misses to Hope Park?  I have the
less cause to forget it myself, because you was so particular obliging as
to introduce me to some of the principles of the Latin grammar, a thing
which wrote itself profoundly on my gratitude.”

“I fear I was sadly pedantical,” said I, overcome with confusion at the
memory.  “You are only to consider I am quite unused with the society of

“I will say the less about the grammar then,” she replied.  “But how came
you to desert your charge?  ‘He has thrown her out, overboard, his ain
dear Annie!’” she hummed; “and his ain dear Annie and her two sisters had
to taigle home by theirselves like a string of green geese!  It seems you
returned to my papa’s, where you showed yourself excessively martial, and
then on to realms unknown, with an eye (it appears) to the Bass Rock;
solan geese being perhaps more to your mind than bonny lasses.”

Through all this raillery there was something indulgent in the lady’s eye
which made me suppose there might be better coming.

“You take a pleasure to torment me,” said I, “and I make a very feckless
plaything; but let me ask you to be more merciful.  At this time there is
but the one thing that I care to hear of, and that will be news of

“Do you call her by that name to her face, Mr. Balfour?” she asked.

“In troth, and I am not very sure,” I stammered.

“I would not do so in any case to strangers,” said Miss Grant.  “And why
are you so much immersed in the affairs of this young lady?”

“I heard she was in prison,” said I.

“Well, and now you hear that she is out of it,” she replied, “and what
more would you have?  She has no need of any further champion.”

“I may have the greater need of her, ma’am,” said I.

“Come, this is better!” says Miss Grant.  “But look me fairly in the
face; am I not bonnier than she?”

“I would be the last to be denying it,” said I.  “There is not your
marrow in all Scotland.”

“Well, here you have the pick of the two at your hand, and must needs
speak of the other,” said she.  “This is never the way to please the
ladies, Mr. Balfour.”

“But, mistress,” said I, “there are surely other things besides mere

“By which I am to understand that I am no better than I should be,
perhaps?” she asked.

“By which you will please understand that I am like the cock in the
midden in the fable book,” said I.  “I see the braw jewel—and I like fine
to see it too—but I have more need of the pickle corn.”

“Bravissimo!” she cried.  “There is a word well said at last, and I will
reward you for it with my story.  That same night of your desertion I
came late from a friend’s house—where I was excessively admired, whatever
you may think of it—and what should I hear but that a lass in a tartan
screen desired to speak with me?  She had been there an hour or better,
said the servant-lass, and she grat in to herself as she sat waiting.  I
went to her direct; she rose as I came in, and I knew her at a look.
‘_Grey Eyes_!’ says I to myself, but was more wise than to let on.  _You
will be Miss Grant at last_? she says, rising and looking at me hard and
pitiful.  _Ay_, _it was true he said_, _you are bonny at all
events_.—_The way God made me_, _my dear_, I said, _but I would be gey
and obliged if you could tell me what brought you here at such a time of
the night_.—_Lady_, she said, _we are kinsfolk_, _we are both come of the
blood of the sons of Alpin_.—_My dear_, I replied, _I think no more of
Alpin or his sons than what I do of a kalestock_.  _You have a better
argument in these tears upon your bonny face_.  And at that I was so
weak-minded as to kiss her, which is what you would like to do dearly,
and I wager will never find the courage of.  I say it was weak-minded of
me, for I knew no more of her than the outside; but it was the wisest
stroke I could have hit upon.  She is a very staunch, brave nature, but I
think she has been little used with tenderness; and at that caress
(though to say the truth, it was but lightly given) her heart went out to
me.  I will never betray the secrets of my sex, Mr. Davie; I will never
tell you the way she turned me round her thumb, because it is the same
she will use to twist yourself.  Ay, it is a fine lass!  She is as clean
as hill well water.”

“She is e’en’t!” I cried.

“Well, then, she told me her concerns,” pursued Miss Grant, “and in what
a swither she was in about her papa, and what a taking about yourself,
with very little cause, and in what a perplexity she had found herself
after you was gone away.  _And then I minded at long last_, says she,
_that we were kinswomen_, _and that Mr. David should have given you the
name of the bonniest of the bonny_, _and I was thinking to myself_ ‘_If
she is so bonny she will be good at all events_’; _and I took up my foot
soles out of that_.  That was when I forgave yourself, Mr. Davie.  When
you was in my society, you seemed upon hot iron: by all marks, if ever I
saw a young man that wanted to be gone, it was yourself, and I and my two
sisters were the ladies you were so desirous to be gone from; and now it
appeared you had given me some notice in the by-going, and was so kind as
to comment on my attractions!  From that hour you may date our
friendship, and I began to think with tenderness upon the Latin grammar.”

“You will have many hours to rally me in,” said I; “and I think besides
you do yourself injustice.  I think it was Catriona turned your heart in
my direction.  She is too simple to perceive as you do the stiffness of
her friend.”

“I would not like to wager upon that, Mr. David,” said she.  “The lasses
have clear eyes.  But at least she is your friend entirely, as I was to
see.  I carried her in to his lordship my papa; and his Advocacy being in
a favourable stage of claret, was so good as to receive the pair of us.
_Here is Grey Eyes that you have been deaved with these days past_, said
I, _she is come to prove that we spoke true_, _and I lay the prettiest
lass in the three Lothians at your feet_—making a papistical reservation
of myself.  She suited her action to my words: down she went upon her
knees to him—I would not like to swear but he saw two of her, which
doubtless made her appeal the more irresistible, for you are all a pack
of Mahomedans—told him what had passed that night, and how she had
withheld her father’s man from following of you, and what a case she was
in about her father, and what a flutter for yourself; and begged with
weeping for the lives of both of you (neither of which was in the
slightest danger), till I vow I was proud of my sex because it was done
so pretty, and ashamed for it because of the smallness of the occasion.
She had not gone far, I assure you, before the Advocate was wholly sober,
to see his inmost politics ravelled out by a young lass and discovered to
the most unruly of his daughters.  But we took him in hand, the pair of
us, and brought that matter straight.  Properly managed—and that means
managed by me—there is no one to compare with my papa.”

“He has been a good man to me,” said I.

“Well, he was a good man to Katrine, and I was there to see to it,” said

“And she pled for me?” say I.

“She did that, and very movingly,” said Miss Grant.  “I would not like to
tell you what she said—I find you vain enough already.”

“God reward her for it!” cried I.

“With Mr. David Balfour, I suppose?” says she.

“You do me too much injustice at the last!” I cried.  “I would tremble to
think of her in such hard hands.  Do you think I would presume, because
she begged my life?  She would do that for a new whelped puppy!  I have
had more than that to set me up, if you but ken’d.  She kissed that hand
of mine.  Ay, but she did.  And why? because she thought I was playing a
brave part and might be going to my death.  It was not for my sake—but I
need not be telling that to you, that cannot look at me without laughter.
It was for the love of what she thought was bravery.  I believe there is
none but me and poor Prince Charlie had that honour done them.  Was this
not to make a god of me? and do you not think my heart would quake when I
remember it?”

“I do laugh at you a good deal, and a good deal more than is quite
civil,” said she; “but I will tell you one thing: if you speak to her
like that, you have some glimmerings of a chance.”

“Me?” I cried, “I would never dare.  I can speak to you, Miss Grant,
because it’s a matter of indifference what ye think of me.  But her? no
fear!” said I.

“I think you have the largest feet in all broad Scotland,” says she.

“Troth they are no very small,” said I, looking down.

“Ah, poor Catriona!” cries Miss Grant.

And I could but stare upon her; for though I now see very well what she
was driving at (and perhaps some justification for the same), I was never
swift at the uptake in such flimsy talk.

“Ah well, Mr. David,” she said, “it goes sore against my conscience, but
I see I shall have to be your speaking board.  She shall know you came to
her straight upon the news of her imprisonment; she shall know you would
not pause to eat; and of our conversation she shall hear just so much as
I think convenient for a maid of her age and inexperience.  Believe me,
you will be in that way much better served than you could serve yourself,
for I will keep the big feet out of the platter.”

“You know where she is, then?” I exclaimed.

“That I do, Mr. David, and will never tell,” said she.

“Why that?” I asked.

“Well,” she said, “I am a good friend, as you will soon discover; and the
chief of those that I am friend to is my papa.  I assure you, you will
never heat nor melt me out of that, so you may spare me your sheep’s
eyes; and adieu to your David-Balfourship for the now.”

“But there is yet one thing more,” I cried.  “There is one thing that
must be stopped, being mere ruin to herself, and to me too.”

“Well,” she said, “be brief; I have spent half the day on you already.”

“My Lady Allardyce believes,” I began—“she supposes—she thinks that I
abducted her.”

The colour came into Miss Grant’s face, so that at first I was quite
abashed to find her ear so delicate, till I bethought me she was
struggling rather with mirth, a notion in which I was altogether
confirmed by the shaking of her voice as she replied—

“I will take up the defence of your reputation,” she said.  “You may
leave it in my hands.”

And with that she withdrew out of the library.


For about exactly two months I remained a guest in Prestongrange’s
family, where I bettered my acquaintance with the bench, the bar, and the
flower of Edinburgh company.  You are not to suppose my education was
neglected; on the contrary, I was kept extremely busy.  I studied the
French, so as to be more prepared to go to Leyden; I set myself to the
fencing, and wrought hard, sometimes three hours in the day, with notable
advancement; at the suggestion of my cousin, Pilrig, who was an apt
musician, I was put to a singing class; and by the orders of my Miss
Grant, to one for the dancing, at which I must say I proved far from
ornamental.  However, all were good enough to say it gave me an address a
little more genteel; and there is no question but I learned to manage my
coat skirts and sword with more dexterity, and to stand in a room as
though the same belonged to me.  My clothes themselves were all earnestly
re-ordered; and the most trifling circumstance, such as where I should
tie my hair, or the colour of my ribbon, debated among the three misses
like a thing of weight.  One way with another, no doubt I was a good deal
improved to look at, and acquired a bit of modest air that would have
surprised the good folks at Essendean.

The two younger misses were very willing to discuss a point of my
habiliment, because that was in the line of their chief thoughts.  I
cannot say that they appeared any other way conscious of my presence; and
though always more than civil, with a kind of heartless cordiality, could
not hide how much I wearied them.  As for the aunt, she was a wonderful
still woman; and I think she gave me much the same attention as she gave
the rest of the family, which was little enough.  The eldest daughter and
the Advocate himself were thus my principal friends, and our familiarity
was much increased by a pleasure that we took in common.  Before the
court met we spent a day or two at the house of Grange, living very nobly
with an open table, and here it was that we three began to ride out
together in the fields, a practice afterwards maintained in Edinburgh, so
far as the Advocate’s continual affairs permitted.  When we were put in a
good frame by the briskness of the exercise, the difficulties of the way,
or the accidents of bad weather, my shyness wore entirely off; we forgot
that we were strangers, and speech not being required, it flowed the more
naturally on.  Then it was that they had my story from me, bit by bit,
from the time that I left Essendean, with my voyage and battle in the
_Covenant_, wanderings in the heather, etc.; and from the interest they
found in my adventures sprung the circumstance of a jaunt we made a
little later on, on a day when the courts were not sitting, and of which
I will tell a trifle more at length.

We took horse early, and passed first by the house of Shaws, where it
stood smokeless in a great field of white frost, for it was yet early in
the day.  Here Prestongrange alighted down, gave me his horse, an
proceeded alone to visit my uncle.  My heart, I remember, swelled up
bitter within me at the sight of that bare house and the thought of the
old miser sitting chittering within in the cold kitchen!

“There is my home,” said I; “and my family.”

“Poor David Balfour!” said Miss Grant.

What passed during the visit I have never heard; but it would doubtless
not be very agreeable to Ebenezer, for when the Advocate came forth again
his face was dark.

“I think you will soon be the laird indeed, Mr. Davie,” says he, turning
half about with the one foot in the stirrup.

“I will never pretend sorrow,” said I; and, to say the truth, during his
absence Miss Grant and I had been embellishing the place in fancy with
plantations, parterres, and a terrace—much as I have since carried out in

Thence we pushed to the Queensferry, where Rankeillor gave us a good
welcome, being indeed out of the body to receive so great a visitor.
Here the Advocate was so unaffectedly good as to go quite fully over my
affairs, sitting perhaps two hours with the Writer in his study, and
expressing (I was told) a great esteem for myself and concern for my
fortunes.  To while this time, Miss Grant and I and young Rankeillor took
boat and passed the Hope to Limekilns.  Rankeillor made himself very
ridiculous (and, I thought, offensive) with his admiration for the young
lady, and to my wonder (only it is so common a weakness of her sex) she
seemed, if anything, to be a little gratified.  One use it had: for when
we were come to the other side, she laid her commands on him to mind the
boat, while she and I passed a little further to the alehouse.  This was
her own thought, for she had been taken with my account of Alison Hastie,
and desired to see the lass herself.  We found her once more
alone—indeed, I believe her father wrought all day in the fields—and she
curtsied dutifully to the gentry-folk and the beautiful young lady in the

“Is this all the welcome I am to get?” said I, holding out my hand.  “And
have you no more memory of old friends?”

“Keep me! wha’s this of it?” she cried, and then, “God’s truth, it’s the
tautit {19} laddie!”

“The very same,” says I.

“Mony’s the time I’ve thocht upon you and your freen, and blythe am I to
see in your braws,” {20} she cried.  “Though I kent ye were come to your
ain folk by the grand present that ye sent me and that I thank ye for
with a’ my heart.”

“There,” said Miss Grant to me, “run out by with ye, like a guid bairn.
I didnae come here to stand and haud a candle; it’s her and me that are
to crack.”

I suppose she stayed ten minutes in the house, but when she came forth I
observed two things—that her eyes were reddened, and a silver brooch was
gone out of her bosom.  This very much affected me.

“I never saw you so well adorned,” said I.

“O Davie man, dinna be a pompous gowk!” said she, and was more than
usually sharp to me the remainder of the day.

About candlelight we came home from this excursion.

For a good while I heard nothing further of Catriona—my Miss Grant
remaining quite impenetrable, and stopping my mouth with pleasantries.
At last, one day that she returned from walking and found me alone in the
parlour over my French, I thought there was something unusual in her
looks; the colour heightened, the eyes sparkling high, and a bit of a
smile continually bitten in as she regarded me.  She seemed indeed like
the very spirit of mischief, and, walking briskly in the room, had soon
involved me in a kind of quarrel over nothing and (at the least) with
nothing intended on my side.  I was like Christian in the slough—the more
I tried to clamber out upon the side, the deeper I became involved; until
at last I heard her declare, with a great deal of passion, that she would
take that answer from the hands of none, and I must down upon my knees
for pardon.

The causelessness of all this fuff stirred my own bile.  “I have said
nothing you can properly object to,” said I, “and as for my knees, that
is an attitude I keep for God.”

“And as a goddess I am to be served!” she cried, shaking her brown locks
at me and with a bright colour.  “Every man that comes within waft of my
petticoats shall use me so!”

“I will go so far as ask your pardon for the fashion’s sake, although I
vow I know not why,” I replied.  “But for these play-acting postures, you
can go to others.”

“O Davie!” she said.  “Not if I was to beg you?”

I bethought me I was fighting with a woman, which is the same as to say a
child, and that upon a point entirely formal.

“I think it a bairnly thing,” I said, “not worthy in you to ask, or me to
render.  Yet I will not refuse you, neither,” said I; “and the stain, if
there be any, rests with yourself.”  And at that I kneeled fairly down.

“There!” she cried.  “There is the proper station, there is where I have
been manoeuvring to bring you.”  And then, suddenly, “Kep,” {21} said
she, flung me a folded billet, and ran from the apartment laughing.

The billet had neither place nor date.  “Dear Mr. David,” it began, “I
get your news continually by my cousin, Miss Grant, and it is a pleisand
hearing.  I am very well, in a good place, among good folk, but
necessitated to be quite private, though I am hoping that at long last we
may meet again.  All your friendships have been told me by my loving
cousin, who loves us both.  She bids me to send you this writing, and
oversees the same.  I will be asking you to do all her commands, and rest
your affectionate friend, Catriona Macgregor-Drummond.  P.S.—Will you not
see my cousin, Allardyce?”

I think it not the least brave of my campaigns (as the soldiers say) that
I should have done as I was here bidden and gone forthright to the house
by Dean.  But the old lady was now entirely changed and supple as a
glove.  By what means Miss Grant had brought this round I could never
guess; I am sure, at least, she dared not to appear openly in the affair,
for her papa was compromised in it pretty deep.  It was he, indeed, who
had persuaded Catriona to leave, or rather, not to return, to her
cousin’s, placing her instead with a family of Gregorys—decent people,
quite at the Advocate’s disposition, and in whom she might have the more
confidence because they were of his own clan and family.  These kept her
private till all was ripe, heated and helped her to attempt her father’s
rescue, and after she was discharged from prison received her again into
the same secrecy.  Thus Prestongrange obtained and used his instrument;
nor did there leak out the smallest word of his acquaintance with the
daughter of James More.  There was some whispering, of course, upon the
escape of that discredited person; but the Government replied by a show
of rigour, one of the cell porters was flogged, the lieutenant of the
guard (my poor friend, Duncansby) was broken of his rank, and as for
Catriona, all men were well enough pleased that her fault should be
passed by in silence.

I could never induce Miss Grant to carry back an answer.  “No,” she would
say, when I persisted, “I am going to keep the big feet out of the
platter.”  This was the more hard to bear, as I was aware she saw my
little friend many times in the week, and carried her my news whenever
(as she said) I “had behaved myself.”  At last she treated me to what she
called an indulgence, and I thought rather more of a banter.  She was
certainly a strong, almost a violent, friend to all she liked, chief
among whom was a certain frail old gentlewoman, very blind and very
witty, who dwelt on the top of a tall land on a strait close, with a nest
of linnets in a cage, and thronged all day with visitors.  Miss Grant was
very fond to carry me there and put me to entertain her friend with the
narrative of my misfortunes: and Miss Tibbie Ramsay (that was her name)
was particular kind, and told me a great deal that was worth knowledge of
old folks and past affairs in Scotland.  I should say that from her
chamber window, and not three feet away, such is the straitness of that
close, it was possible to look into a barred loophole lighting the
stairway of the opposite house.

Here, upon some pretext, Miss Grant left me one day alone with Miss
Ramsay.  I mind I thought that lady inattentive and like one preoccupied.
I was besides very uncomfortable, for the window, contrary to custom, was
left open and the day was cold.  All at once the voice of Miss Grant
sounded in my ears as from a distance.

“Here, Shaws!” she cried, “keek out of the window and see what I have
broughten you.”

I think it was the prettiest sight that ever I beheld.  The well of the
close was all in clear shadow where a man could see distinctly, the walls
very black and dingy; and there from the barred loophole I saw two faces
smiling across at me—Miss Grant’s and Catriona’s.

“There!” says Miss Grant, “I wanted her to see you in your braws like the
lass of Limekilns.  I wanted her to see what I could make of you, when I
buckled to the job in earnest!”

It came in my mind that she had been more than common particular that day
upon my dress; and I think that some of the same care had been bestowed
upon Catriona.  For so merry and sensible a lady, Miss Grant was
certainly wonderful taken up with duds.

“Catriona!” was all I could get out.

As for her, she said nothing in the world, but only waved her hand and
smiled to me, and was suddenly carried away again from before the

That vision was no sooner lost than I ran to the house door, where I
found I was locked in; thence back to Miss Ramsay, crying for the key,
but might as well have cried upon the castle rock.  She had passed her
word, she said, and I must be a good lad.  It was impossible to burst the
door, even if it had been mannerly; it was impossible I should leap from
the window, being seven storeys above ground.  All I could do was to
crane over the close and watch for their reappearance from the stair.  It
was little to see, being no more than the tops of their two heads each on
a ridiculous bobbin of skirts, like to a pair of pincushions.  Nor did
Catriona so much as look up for a farewell; being prevented (as I heard
afterwards) by Miss Grant, who told her folk were never seen to less
advantage than from above downward.

On the way home, as soon as I was set free, I upbraided Miss Grant with
her cruelty.

“I am sorry you was disappointed,” says she demurely.  “For my part I was
very pleased.  You looked better than I dreaded; you looked—if it will
not make you vain—a mighty pretty young man when you appeared in the
window.  You are to remember that she could not see your feet,” says she,
with the manner of one reassuring me.

“O!” cried I, “leave my feet be—they are no bigger than my neighbours’.”

“They are even smaller than some,” said she, “but I speak in parables
like a Hebrew prophet.”

“I marvel little they were sometimes stoned!” says I.  “But, you
miserable girl, how could you do it?  Why should you care to tantalise me
with a moment?”

“Love is like folk,” says she; “it needs some kind of vivers.” {22}

“Oh, Barbara, let me see her properly!” I pleaded.  “_You_ can—you see
her when you please; let me have half an hour.”

“Who is it that is managing this love affair!  You!  Or me?” she asked,
and as I continued to press her with my instances, fell back upon a
deadly expedient: that of imitating the tones of my voice when I called
on Catriona by name; with which, indeed, she held me in subjection for
some days to follow.

There was never the least word heard of the memorial, or none by me.
Prestongrange and his grace the Lord President may have heard of it (for
what I know) on the deafest sides of their heads; they kept it to
themselves, at least—the public was none the wiser; and in course of
time, on November 8th, and in the midst of a prodigious storm of wind and
rain, poor James of the Glens was duly hanged at Lettermore by

So there was the final upshot of my politics!  Innocent men have perished
before James, and are like to keep on perishing (in spite of all our
wisdom) till the end of time.  And till the end of time young folk (who
are not yet used with the duplicity of life and men) will struggle as I
did, and make heroical resolves, and take long risks; and the course of
events will push them upon the one side and go on like a marching army.
James was hanged; and here was I dwelling in the house of Prestongrange,
and grateful to him for his fatherly attention.  He was hanged; and
behold! when I met Mr. Simon in the causeway, I was fain to pull off my
beaver to him like a good little boy before his dominie.  He had been
hanged by fraud and violence, and the world wagged along, and there was
not a pennyweight of difference; and the villains of that horrid plot
were decent, kind, respectable fathers of families, who went to kirk and
took the sacrament!

But I had had my view of that detestable business they call politics—I
had seen it from behind, when it is all bones and blackness; and I was
cured for life of any temptations to take part in it again.  A plain,
quiet, private path was that which I was ambitious to walk in, when I
might keep my head out of the way of dangers and my conscience out of the
road of temptation.  For, upon a retrospect, it appeared I had not done
so grandly, after all; but with the greatest possible amount of big
speech and preparation, had accomplished nothing.

The 25th of the same month a ship was advertised to sail from Leith; and
I was suddenly recommended to make up my mails for Leyden.  To
Prestongrange I could, of course, say nothing; for I had already been a
long while sorning on his house and table.  But with his daughter I was
more open, bewailing my fate that I should be sent out of the country,
and assuring her, unless she should bring me to farewell with Catriona, I
would refuse at the last hour.

“Have I not given you my advice?” she asked.

“I know you have,” said I, “and I know how much I am beholden to you
already, and that I am bidden to obey your orders.  But you must confess
you are something too merry a lass at times to lippen {23} to entirely.”

“I will tell you, then,” said she.  “Be you on board by nine o’clock
forenoon; the ship does not sail before one; keep your boat alongside;
and if you are not pleased with my farewells when I shall send them, you
can come ashore again and seek Katrine for yourself.”

Since I could make no more of her, I was fain to be content with this.

The day came round at last when she and I were to separate.  We had been
extremely intimate and familiar; I was much in her debt; and what way we
were to part was a thing that put me from my sleep, like the vails I was
to give to the domestic servants.  I knew she considered me too backward,
and rather desired to rise in her opinion on that head.  Besides which,
after so much affection shown and (I believe) felt upon both sides, it
would have looked cold-like to be anyways stiff.  Accordingly, I got my
courage up and my words ready, and the last chance we were like to be
alone, asked pretty boldly to be allowed to salute her in farewell.

“You forget yourself strangely, Mr. Balfour,” said she.  “I cannot call
to mind that I have given you any right to presume on our acquaintancy.”

I stood before her like a stopped clock, and knew not what to think, far
less to say, when of a sudden she cast her arms about my neck and kissed
me with the best will in the world.

“You inimitable bairn!” she cried.  “Did you think that I would let us
part like strangers?  Because I can never keep my gravity at you five
minutes on end, you must not dream I do not love you very well: I am all
love and laughter, every time I cast an eye on you!  And now I will give
you an advice to conclude your education, which you will have need of
before it’s very long.  Never _ask_ womenfolk.  They’re bound to answer
‘No’; God never made the lass that could resist the temptation.  It’s
supposed by divines to be the curse of Eve: because she did not say it
when the devil offered her the apple, her daughters can say nothing

“Since I am so soon to lose my bonny professor,” I began.

“This is gallant, indeed,” says she curtseying.

“I would put the one question,” I went on.  “May I ask a lass to marry to

“You think you could not marry her without!” she asked.  “Or else get her
to offer?”

“You see you cannot be serious,” said I.

“I shall be very serious in one thing, David,” said she: “I shall always
be your friend.”

As I got to my horse the next morning, the four ladies were all at that
same window whence we had once looked down on Catriona, and all cried
farewell and waved their pocket napkins as I rode away.  One out of the
four I knew was truly sorry; and at the thought of that, and how I had
come to the door three months ago for the first time, sorrow and
gratitude made a confusion in my mind.



The ship lay at a single anchor, well outside the pier of Leith, so that
all we passengers must come to it by the means of skiffs.  This was very
little troublesome, for the reason that the day was a flat calm, very
frosty and cloudy, and with a low shifting fog upon the water.  The body
of the vessel was thus quite hid as I drew near, but the tall spars of
her stood high and bright in a sunshine like the flickering of a fire.
She proved to be a very roomy, commodious merchant, but somewhat blunt in
the bows, and loaden extraordinary deep with salt, salted salmon, and
fine white linen stockings for the Dutch.  Upon my coming on board, the
captain welcomed me—one Sang (out of Lesmahago, I believe), a very
hearty, friendly tarpaulin of a man, but at the moment in rather of a
bustle.  There had no other of the passengers yet appeared, so that I was
left to walk about upon the deck, viewing the prospect and wondering a
good deal what these farewells should be which I was promised.

All Edinburgh and the Pentland Hills glinted above me in a kind of
smuisty brightness, now and again overcome with blots of cloud; of Leith
there was no more than the tops of chimneys visible, and on the face of
the water, where the haar {24} lay, nothing at all.  Out of this I was
presently aware of a sound of oars pulling, and a little after (as if out
of the smoke of a fire) a boat issued.  There sat a grave man in the
stern sheets, well muffled from the cold, and by his side a tall, pretty,
tender figure of a maid that brought my heart to a stand.  I had scarce
the time to catch my breath in, and be ready to meet her, as she stepped
upon the deck, smiling, and making my best bow, which was now vastly
finer than some months before, when first I made it to her ladyship.  No
doubt we were both a good deal changed: she seemed to have shot up like a
young, comely tree.  She had now a kind of pretty backwardness that
became her well as of one that regarded herself more highly and was
fairly woman; and for another thing, the hand of the same magician had
been at work upon the pair of us, and Miss Grant had made us both _braw_,
if she could make but the one _bonny_.

The same cry, in words not very different, came from both of us, that the
other was come in compliment to say farewell, and then we perceived in a
flash we were to ship together.

“O, why will not Baby have been telling me!” she cried; and then
remembered a letter she had been given, on the condition of not opening
it till she was well on board.  Within was an enclosure for myself, and
ran thus:

    “DEAR DAVIE,—What do you think of my farewell? and what do you say to
    your fellow passenger?  Did you kiss, or did you ask?  I was about to
    have signed here, but that would leave the purport of my question
    doubtful, and in my own case _I ken the answer_.  So fill up here
    with good advice.  Do not be too blate, {25} and for God’s sake do
    not try to be too forward; nothing acts you worse.  I am

                                  “Your affectionate friend and governess,
                                                          “BARBARA GRANT.”

I wrote a word of answer and compliment on a leaf out of my pocketbook,
put it in with another scratch from Catriona, sealed the whole with my
new signet of the Balfour arms, and despatched it by the hand of
Prestongrange’s servant that still waited in my boat.

Then we had time to look upon each other more at leisure, which we had
not done for a piece of a minute before (upon a common impulse) we shook
hands again.

“Catriona?” said I.  It seemed that was the first and last word of my

“You will be glad to see me again?” says she.

“And I think that is an idle word,” said I.  “We are too deep friends to
make speech upon such trifles.”

“Is she not the girl of all the world?” she cried again.  “I was never
knowing such a girl so honest and so beautiful.”

“And yet she cared no more for Alpin than what she did for a kale-stock,”
said I.

“Ah, she will say so indeed!” cries Catriona.  “Yet it was for the name
and the gentle kind blood that she took me up and was so good to me.”

“Well, I will tell you why it was,” said I.  “There are all sorts of
people’s faces in this world.  There is Barbara’s face, that everyone
must look at and admire, and think her a fine, brave, merry girl.  And
then there is your face, which is quite different—I never knew how
different till to-day.  You cannot see yourself, and that is why you do
not understand; but it was for the love of your face that she took you up
and was so good to you.  And everybody in the world would do the same.”

“Everybody?” says she.

“Every living soul!” said I.

“Ah, then, that will be why the soldiers at the castle took me up!” she

“Barbara has been teaching you to catch me,” said I.

“She will have taught me more than that at all events.  She will have
taught me a great deal about Mr. David—all the ill of him, and a little
that was not so ill either, now and then,” she said, smiling.  “She will
have told me all there was of Mr. David, only just that he would sail
upon this very same ship.  And why it is you go?”

I told her.

“Ah, well,” said she, “we will be some days in company and then (I
suppose) good-bye for altogether!  I go to meet my father at a place of
the name of Helvoetsluys, and from there to France, to be exiles by the
side of our chieftain.”

I could say no more than just “O!” the name of James More always drying
up my very voice.

She was quick to perceive it, and to guess some portion of my thought.

“There is one thing I must be saying first of all, Mr. David,” said she.
“I think two of my kinsfolk have not behaved to you altogether very well.
And the one of them two is James More, my father, and the other is the
Laird of Prestongrange.  Prestongrange will have spoken by himself, or
his daughter in the place of him.  But for James More, my father, I have
this much to say: he lay shackled in a prison; he is a plain honest
soldier and a plain Highland gentleman; what they would be after he would
never be guessing; but if he had understood it was to be some prejudice
to a young gentleman like yourself, he would have died first.  And for
the sake of all your friendships, I will be asking you to pardon my
father and family for that same mistake.”

“Catriona,” said I, “what that mistake was I do not care to know.  I know
but the one thing—that you went to Prestongrange and begged my life upon
your knees.  O, I ken well enough it was for your father that you went,
but when you were there you pleaded for me also.  It is a thing I cannot
speak of.  There are two things I cannot think of into myself: and the
one is your good words when you called yourself my little friend, and the
other that you pleaded for my life.  Let us never speak more, we two, of
pardon or offence.”

We stood after that silent, Catriona looking on the deck and I on her;
and before there was more speech, a little wind having sprung up in the
nor’-west, they began to shake out the sails and heave in upon the

There were six passengers besides our two selves, which made of it a full
cabin.  Three were solid merchants out of Leith, Kirkcaldy, and Dundee,
all engaged in the same adventure into High Germany.  One was a Hollander
returning; the rest worthy merchants’ wives, to the charge of one of whom
Catriona was recommended.  Mrs. Gebbie (for that was her name) was by
great good fortune heavily incommoded by the sea, and lay day and night
on the broad of her back.  We were besides the only creatures at all
young on board the _Rose_, except a white-faced boy that did my old duty
to attend upon the table; and it came about that Catriona and I were left
almost entirely to ourselves.  We had the next seats together at the
table, where I waited on her with extraordinary pleasure.  On deck, I
made her a soft place with my cloak; and the weather being singularly
fine for that season, with bright frosty days and nights, a steady,
gentle wind, and scarce a sheet started all the way through the North
Sea, we sat there (only now and again walking to and fro for warmth) from
the first blink of the sun till eight or nine at night under the clear
stars.  The merchants or Captain Sang would sometimes glance and smile
upon us, or pass a merry word or two and give us the go-by again; but the
most part of the time they were deep in herring and chintzes and linen,
or in computations of the slowness of the passage, and left us to our own
concerns, which were very little important to any but ourselves.

At the first, we had a great deal to say, and thought ourselves pretty
witty; and I was at a little pains to be the _beau_, and she (I believe)
to play the young lady of experience.  But soon we grew plainer with each
other.  I laid aside my high, clipped English (what little there was left
of it) and forgot to make my Edinburgh bows and scrapes; she, upon her
side, fell into a sort of kind familiarity; and we dwelt together like
those of the same household, only (upon my side) with a more deep
emotion.  About the same time the bottom seemed to fall out of our
conversation, and neither one of us the less pleased.  Whiles she would
tell me old wives’ tales, of which she had a wonderful variety, many of
them from my friend red-headed Niel.  She told them very pretty, and they
were pretty enough childish tales; but the pleasure to myself was in the
sound of her voice, and the thought that she was telling and I listening.
Whiles, again, we would sit entirely silent, not communicating even with
a look, and tasting pleasure enough in the sweetness of that
neighbourhood.  I speak here only for myself.  Of what was in the maid’s
mind, I am not very sure that ever I asked myself; and what was in my
own, I was afraid to consider.  I need make no secret of it now, either
to myself or to the reader; I was fallen totally in love.  She came
between me and the sun.  She had grown suddenly taller, as I say, but
with a wholesome growth; she seemed all health, and lightness, and brave
spirits; and I thought she walked like a young deer, and stood like a
birch upon the mountains.  It was enough for me to sit near by her on the
deck; and I declare I scarce spent two thoughts upon the future, and was
so well content with what I then enjoyed that I was never at the pains to
imagine any further step; unless perhaps that I would be sometimes
tempted to take her hand in mine and hold it there.  But I was too like a
miser of what joys I had, and would venture nothing on a hazard.

What we spoke was usually of ourselves or of each other, so that if
anyone had been at so much pains as overhear us, he must have supposed us
the most egotistical persons in the world.  It befell one day when we
were at this practice, that we came on a discourse of friends and
friendship, and I think now that we were sailing near the wind.  We said
what a fine thing friendship was, and how little we had guessed of it,
and how it made life a new thing, and a thousand covered things of the
same kind that will have been said, since the foundation of the world, by
young folk in the same predicament.  Then we remarked upon the
strangeness of that circumstance, that friends came together in the
beginning as if they were there for the first time, and yet each had been
alive a good while, losing time with other people.

“It is not much that I have done,” said she, “and I could be telling you
the five-fifths of it in two-three words.  It is only a girl I am, and
what can befall a girl, at all events?  But I went with the clan in the
year ’45.  The men marched with swords and fire-locks, and some of them
in brigades in the same set of tartan; they were not backward at the
marching, I can tell you.  And there were gentlemen from the Low Country,
with their tenants mounted and trumpets to sound, and there was a grand
skirling of war-pipes.  I rode on a little Highland horse on the right
hand of my father, James More, and of Glengyle himself.  And here is one
fine thing that I remember, that Glengyle kissed me in the face, because
(says he) ‘my kinswoman, you are the only lady of the clan that has come
out,’ and me a little maid of maybe twelve years old!  I saw Prince
Charlie too, and the blue eyes of him; he was pretty indeed!  I had his
hand to kiss in front of the army.  O, well, these were the good days,
but it is all like a dream that I have seen and then awakened.  It went
what way you very well know; and these were the worst days of all, when
the red-coat soldiers were out, and my father and uncles lay in the hill,
and I was to be carrying them their meat in the middle night, or at the
short sight of day when the cocks crow.  Yes, I have walked in the night,
many’s the time, and my heart great in me for terror of the darkness.  It
is a strange thing I will never have been meddled with by a bogle; but
they say a maid goes safe.  Next there was my uncle’s marriage, and that
was a dreadful affair beyond all.  Jean Kay was that woman’s name; and
she had me in the room with her that night at Inversnaid, the night we
took her from her friends in the old, ancient manner.  She would and she
wouldn’t; she was for marrying Rob the one minute, and the next she would
be for none of him.  I will never have seen such a feckless creature of a
woman; surely all there was of her would tell her ay or no.  Well, she
was a widow; and I can never be thinking a widow a good woman.”

“Catriona!” says I, “how do you make out that?”

“I do not know,” said she; “I am only telling you the seeming in my
heart.  And then to marry a new man!  Fy!  But that was her; and she was
married again upon my Uncle Robin, and went with him awhile to kirk and
market; and then wearied, or else her friends got claught of her and
talked her round, or maybe she turned ashamed; at the least of it, she
ran away, and went back to her own folk, and said we had held her in the
lake, and I will never tell you all what.  I have never thought much of
any females since that day.  And so in the end my father, James More,
came to be cast in prison, and you know the rest of it an well as me.”

“And through all you had no friends?” said I.

“No,” said she; “I have been pretty chief with two-three lasses on the
braes, but not to call it friends.”

“Well, mine is a plain tale,” said I.  “I never had a friend to my name
till I met in with you.”

“And that brave Mr. Stewart?” she asked.

“O, yes, I was forgetting him,” I said.  “But he is a man, and that in
very different.”

“I would think so,” said she.  “O, yes, it is quite different.”

“And then there was one other,” said I.  “I once thought I had a friend,
but it proved a disappointment.”

She asked me who she was?

“It was a he, then,” said I.  “We were the two best lads at my father’s
school, and we thought we loved each other dearly.  Well, the time came
when he went to Glasgow to a merchant’s house, that was his second cousin
once removed; and wrote me two-three times by the carrier; and then he
found new friends, and I might write till I was tired, he took no notice.
Eh, Catriona, it took me a long while to forgive the world.  There is not
anything more bitter than to lose a fancied friend.”

Then she began to question me close upon his looks and character, for we
were each a great deal concerned in all that touched the other; till at
last, in a very evil hour, I minded of his letters and went and fetched
the bundle from the cabin.

“Here are his letters,” said I, “and all the letters that ever I got.
That will be the last I’ll can tell of myself; ye know the lave {26} as
well as I do.”

“Will you let me read them, then?” says she.

I told her, _if she would be at the pains_; and she bade me go away and
she would read them from the one end to the other.  Now, in this bundle
that I gave her, there were packed together not only all the letters of
my false friend, but one or two of Mr. Campbell’s when he was in town at
the Assembly, and to make a complete roll of all that ever was written to
me, Catriona’s little word, and the two I had received from Miss Grant,
one when I was on the Bass and one on board that ship.  But of these last
I had no particular mind at the moment.

I was in that state of subjection to the thought of my friend that it
mattered not what I did, nor scarce whether I was in her presence or out
of it; I had caught her like some kind of a noble fever that lived
continually in my bosom, by night and by day, and whether I was waking or
asleep.  So it befell that after I was come into the fore-part of the
ship where the broad bows splashed into the billows, I was in no such
hurry to return as you might fancy; rather prolonged my absence like a
variety in pleasure.  I do not think I am by nature much of an Epicurean:
and there had come till then so small a share of pleasure in my way that
I might be excused perhaps to dwell on it unduly.

When I returned to her again, I had a faint, painful impression as of a
buckle slipped, so coldly she returned the packet.

“You have read them?” said I; and I thought my voice sounded not wholly
natural, for I was turning in my mind for what could ail her.

“Did you mean me to read all?” she asked.

I told her “Yes,” with a drooping voice.

“The last of them as well?” said she.

I knew where we were now; yet I would not lie to her either.  “I gave
them all without afterthought,” I said, “as I supposed that you would
read them.  I see no harm in any.”

“I will be differently made,” said she.  “I thank God I am differently
made.  It was not a fit letter to be shown me.  It was not fit to be

“I think you are speaking of your own friend, Barbara Grant?” said I.

“There will not be anything as bitter as to lose a fancied friend,” said
she, quoting my own expression.

“I think it is sometimes the friendship that was fancied!” I cried.
“What kind of justice do you call this, to blame me for some words that a
tomfool of a madcap lass has written down upon a piece of paper?  You
know yourself with what respect I have behaved—and would do always.”

“Yet you would show me that same letter!” says she.  “I want no such
friends.  I can be doing very well, Mr. Balfour, without her—or you.”

“This is your fine gratitude!” says I.

“I am very much obliged to you,” said she.  “I will be asking you to take
away your—letters.”  She seemed to choke upon the word, so that it
sounded like an oath.

“You shall never ask twice,” said I; picked up that bundle, walked a
little way forward and cast them as far as possible into the sea.  For a
very little more I could have cast myself after them.

The rest of the day I walked up and down raging.  There were few names so
ill but what I gave her them in my own mind before the sun went down.
All that I had ever heard of Highland pride seemed quite outdone; that a
girl (scarce grown) should resent so trifling an allusion, and that from
her next friend, that she had near wearied me with praising of!  I had
bitter, sharp, hard thoughts of her, like an angry boy’s.  If I had
kissed her indeed (I thought), perhaps she would have taken it pretty
well; and only because it had been written down, and with a spice of
jocularity, up she must fuff in this ridiculous passion.  It seemed to me
there was a want of penetration in the female sex, to make angels weep
over the case of the poor men.

We were side by side again at supper, and what a change was there!  She
was like curdled milk to me; her face was like a wooden doll’s; I could
have indifferently smitten her or grovelled at her feet, but she gave me
not the least occasion to do either.  No sooner the meal done than she
betook herself to attend on Mrs. Gebbie, which I think she had a little
neglected heretofore.  But she was to make up for lost time, and in what
remained of the passage was extraordinary assiduous with the old lady,
and on deck began to make a great deal more than I thought wise of
Captain Sang.  Not but what the Captain seemed a worthy, fatherly man;
but I hated to behold her in the least familiarity with anyone except

Altogether, she was so quick to avoid me, and so constant to keep herself
surrounded with others, that I must watch a long while before I could
find my opportunity; and after it was found, I made not much of it, as
you are now to hear.

“I have no guess how I have offended,” said I; “it should scarce be
beyond pardon, then.  O, try if you can pardon me.”

“I have no pardon to give,” said she; and the words seemed to come out of
her throat like marbles.  “I will be very much obliged for all your
friendships.”  And she made me an eighth part of a curtsey.

But I had schooled myself beforehand to say more, and I was going to say
it too.

“There is one thing,” said I.  “If I have shocked your particularity by
the showing of that letter, it cannot touch Miss Grant.  She wrote not to
you, but to a poor, common, ordinary lad, who might have had more sense
than show it.  If you are to blame me—”

“I will advise you to say no more about that girl, at all events!” said
Catriona.  “It is her I will never look the road of, not if she lay
dying.”  She turned away from me, and suddenly back.  “Will you swear you
will have no more to deal with her?” she cried.

“Indeed, and I will never be so unjust then,” said I; “nor yet so

And now it was I that turned away.


The weather in the end considerably worsened; the wind sang in the
shrouds, the sea swelled higher, and the ship began to labour and cry out
among the billows.  The song of the leadsman in the chains was now scarce
ceasing, for we thrid all the way among shoals.  About nine in the
morning, in a burst of wintry sun between two squalls of hail, I had my
first look of Holland—a line of windmills birling in the breeze.  It was
besides my first knowledge of these daft-like contrivances, which gave me
a near sense of foreign travel and a new world and life.  We came to an
anchor about half-past eleven, outside the harbour of Helvoetsluys, in a
place where the sea sometimes broke and the ship pitched outrageously.
You may be sure we were all on deck save Mrs. Gebbie, some of us in
cloaks, others mantled in the ship’s tarpaulins, all clinging on by
ropes, and jesting the most like old sailor-folk that we could imitate.

Presently a boat, that was backed like a partancrab, came gingerly
alongside, and the skipper of it hailed our master in the Dutch.  Thence
Captain Sang turned, very troubled-like, to Catriona; and the rest of us
crowding about, the nature of the difficulty was made plain to all.  The
_Rose_ was bound to the port of Rotterdam, whither the other passengers
were in a great impatience to arrive, in view of a conveyance due to
leave that very evening in the direction of the Upper Germany.  This,
with the present half-gale of wind, the captain (if no time were lost)
declared himself still capable to save.  Now James More had trysted in
Helvoet with his daughter, and the captain had engaged to call before the
port and place her (according to the custom) in a shore boat.  There was
the boat, to be sure, and here was Catriona ready: but both our master
and the patroon of the boat scrupled at the risk, and the first was in no
humour to delay.

“Your father,” said he, “would be gey an little pleased if we was to
break a leg to ye, Miss Drummond, let-a-be drowning of you.  Take my way
of it,” says he, “and come on-by with the rest of us here to Rotterdam.
Ye can get a passage down the Maes in a sailing scoot as far as to the
Brill, and thence on again, by a place in a rattel-waggon, back to

But Catriona would hear of no change.  She looked white-like as she
beheld the bursting of the sprays, the green seas that sometimes poured
upon the fore-castle, and the perpetual bounding and swooping of the boat
among the billows; but she stood firmly by her father’s orders.  “My
father, James More, will have arranged it so,” was her first word and her
last.  I thought it very idle and indeed wanton in the girl to be so
literal and stand opposite to so much kind advice; but the fact is she
had a very good reason, if she would have told us.  Sailing scoots and
rattel-waggons are excellent things; only the use of them must first be
paid for, and all she was possessed of in the world was just two
shillings and a penny halfpenny sterling.  So it fell out that captain
and passengers, not knowing of her destitution—and she being too proud to
tell them—spoke in vain.

“But you ken nae French and nae Dutch neither,” said one.

“It is very true,” says she, “but since the year ’46 there are so many of
the honest Scotch abroad that I will be doing very well.  I thank you.”

There was a pretty country simplicity in this that made some laugh,
others looked the more sorry, and Mr. Gebbie fall outright in a passion.
I believe he knew it was his duty (his wife having accepted charge of the
girl) to have gone ashore with her and seen her safe: nothing would have
induced him to have done so, since it must have involved the lose of his
conveyance; and I think he made it up to his conscience by the loudness
of his voice.  At least he broke out upon Captain Sang, raging and saying
the thing was a disgrace; that it was mere death to try to leave the
ship, and at any event we could not cast down an innocent maid in a
boatful of nasty Holland fishers, and leave her to her fate.  I was
thinking something of the same; took the mate upon one side, arranged
with him to send on my chests by track-scoot to an address I had in
Leyden, and stood up and signalled to the fishers.

“I will go ashore with the young lady, Captain Sang,” said I.  “It is all
one what way I go to Leyden;” and leaped at the same time into the boat,
which I managed not so elegantly but what I fell with two of the fishers
in the bilge.

From the boat the business appeared yet more precarious than from the
ship, she stood so high over us, swung down so swift, and menaced us so
perpetually with her plunging and passaging upon the anchor cable.  I
began to think I had made a fool’s bargain, that it was merely impossible
Catriona should be got on board to me, and that I stood to be set ashore
at Helvoet all by myself and with no hope of any reward but the pleasure
of embracing James More, if I should want to.  But this was to reckon
without the lass’s courage.  She had seen me leap with very little
appearance (however much reality) of hesitation; to be sure, she was not
to be beat by her discarded friend.  Up she stood on the bulwarks and
held by a stay, the wind blowing in her petticoats, which made the
enterprise more dangerous, and gave us rather more of a view of her
stockings than would be thought genteel in cities.  There was no minute
lost, and scarce time given for any to interfere if they had wished the
same.  I stood up on the other side and spread my arms; the ship swung
down on us, the patroon humoured his boat nearer in than was perhaps
wholly safe, and Catriona leaped into the air.  I was so happy as to
catch her, and the fishers readily supporting us, escaped a fall.  She
held to me a moment very tight, breathing quick and deep; thence (she
still clinging to me with both hands) we were passed aft to our places by
the steersman; and Captain Sang and all the crew and passengers cheering
and crying farewell, the boat was put about for shore.

As soon as Catriona came a little to herself she unhanded me suddenly,
but said no word.  No more did I; and indeed the whistling of the wind
and the breaching of the sprays made it no time for speech; and our crew
not only toiled excessively but made extremely little way, so that the
_Rose_ had got her anchor and was off again before we had approached the
harbour mouth.

We were no sooner in smooth water than the patroon, according to their
beastly Hollands custom, stopped his boat and required of us our fares.
Two guilders was the man’s demand—between three and four shillings
English money—for each passenger.  But at this Catriona began to cry out
with a vast deal of agitation.  She had asked of Captain Sang, she said,
and the fare was but an English shilling.  “Do you think I will have come
on board and not ask first?” cries she.  The patroon scolded back upon
her in a lingo where the oaths were English and the rest right Hollands;
till at last (seeing her near tears) I privately slipped in the rogue’s
hand six shillings, whereupon he was obliging enough to receive from her
the other shilling without more complaint.  No doubt I was a good deal
nettled and ashamed.  I like to see folk thrifty, but not with so much
passion; and I daresay it would be rather coldly that I asked her, as the
boat moved on again for shore, where it was that she was trysted with her

“He is to be inquired of at the house of one Sprott, an honest Scotch
merchant,” says she; and then with the same breath, “I am wishing to
thank you very much—you are a brave friend to me.”

“It will be time enough when I get you to your father,” said I, little
thinking that I spoke so true.  “I can tell him a fine tale of a loyal

“O, I do not think I will be a loyal girl, at all events,” she cried,
with a great deal of painfulness in the expression.  “I do not think my
heart is true.”

“Yet there are very few that would have made that leap, and all to obey a
father’s orders,” I observed.

“I cannot have you to be thinking of me so,” she cried again.  “When you
had done that same, how would I stop behind?  And at all events that was
not all the reasons.”  Whereupon, with a burning face, she told me the
plain truth upon her poverty.

“Good guide us!” cried I, “what kind of daft-like proceeding is this, to
let yourself be launched on the continent of Europe with an empty purse—I
count it hardly decent—scant decent!” I cried.

“You forget James More, my father, is a poor gentleman,” said she.  “He
is a hunted exile.”

“But I think not all your friends are hunted exiles,” I exclaimed.  “And
was this fair to them that care for you?  Was it fair to me? was it fair
to Miss Grant that counselled you to go, and would be driven fair
horn-mad if she could hear of it?  Was it even fair to these Gregory folk
that you were living with, and used you lovingly?  It’s a blessing you
have fallen in my hands!  Suppose your father hindered by an accident,
what would become of you here, and you your lee-lone in a strange place?
The thought of the thing frightens me,” I said.

“I will have lied to all of them,” she replied.  “I will have told them
all that I had plenty.  I told _her_ too.  I could not be lowering James
More to them.”

I found out later on that she must have lowered him in the very dust, for
the lie was originally the father’s, not the daughter’s, and she thus
obliged to persevere in it for the man’s reputation.  But at the time I
was ignorant of this, and the mere thought of her destitution and the
perils in which see must have fallen, had ruffled me almost beyond

“Well, well, well,” said I, “you will have to learn more sense.”

I left her mails for the moment in an inn upon the shore, where I got a
direction for Sprott’s house in my new French, and we walked there—it was
some little way—beholding the place with wonder as we went.  Indeed,
there was much for Scots folk to admire: canals and trees being
intermingled with the houses; the houses, each within itself, of a brave
red brick, the colour of a rose, with steps and benches of blue marble at
the cheek of every door, and the whole town so clean you might have dined
upon the causeway.  Sprott was within, upon his ledgers, in a low
parlour, very neat and clean, and set out with china and pictures, and a
globe of the earth in a brass frame.  He was a big-chafted, ruddy, lusty
man, with a crooked hard look to him; and he made us not that much
civility as offer us a seat.

“Is James More Macgregor now in Helvoet, sir?” says I.

“I ken nobody by such a name,” says he, impatient-like.

“Since you are so particular,” says I, “I will amend my question, and ask
you where we are to find in Helvoet one James Drummond, _alias_
Macgregor, _alias_ James More, late tenant in Inveronachile?”

“Sir,” says he, “he may be in Hell for what I ken, and for my part I wish
he was.”

“The young lady is that gentleman’s daughter, sir,” said I, “before whom,
I think you will agree with me, it is not very becoming to discuss his

“I have nothing to make either with him, or her, or you!” cries he in his
gross voice.

“Under your favour, Mr. Sprott,” said I, “this young lady is come from
Scotland seeking him, and by whatever mistake, was given the name of your
house for a direction.  An error it seems to have been, but I think this
places both you and me—who am but her fellow-traveller by accident—under
a strong obligation to help our countrywoman.”

“Will you ding me daft?” he cries.  “I tell ye I ken naething and care
less either for him or his breed.  I tell ye the man owes me money.”

“That may very well be, sir,” said I, who was now rather more angry than
himself.  “At least, I owe you nothing; the young lady is under my
protection; and I am neither at all used with these manners, nor in the
least content with them.”

As I said this, and without particularly thinking what I did, I drew a
step or two nearer to his table; thus striking, by mere good fortune, on
the only argument that could at all affect the man.  The blood left his
lusty countenance.

“For the Lord’s sake dinna be hasty, sir!” he cried.  “I am truly wishfu’
no to be offensive.  But ye ken, sir, I’m like a wheen guid-natured,
honest, canty auld fellows—my bark is waur nor my bite.  To hear me, ye
micht whiles fancy I was a wee thing dour; but na, na! it’s a kind auld
fallow at heart, Sandie Sprott!  And ye could never imagine the fyke and
fash this man has been to me.”

“Very good, sir,” said I.  “Then I will make that much freedom with your
kindness as trouble you for your last news of Mr. Drummond.”

“You’re welcome, sir!” said he.  “As for the young leddy (my respects to
her!), he’ll just have clean forgotten her.  I ken the man, ye see; I
have lost siller by him ere now.  He thinks of naebody but just himsel’;
clan, king, or dauchter, if he can get his wameful, he would give them a’
the go-by! ay, or his correspondent either.  For there is a sense in
whilk I may be nearly almost said to be his correspondent.  The fact is,
we are employed thegether in a business affair, and I think it’s like to
turn out a dear affair for Sandie Sprott.  The man’s as guid’s my
pairtner, and I give ye my mere word I ken naething by where he is.  He
micht be coming here to Helvoet; he micht come here the morn, he michtnae
come for a twalmouth; I would wonder at naething—or just at the ae thing,
and that’s if he was to pay me my siller.  Ye see what way I stand with
it; and it’s clear I’m no very likely to meddle up with the young leddy,
as ye ca’ her.  She cannae stop here, that’s ae thing certain sure.  Dod,
sir, I’m a lone man!  If I was to tak her in, its highly possible the
hellicat would try and gar me marry her when he turned up.”

“Enough of this talk,” said I.  “I will take the young leddy among better
friends.  Give me, pen, ink, and paper, and I will leave here for James
More the address of my correspondent in Leyden.  He can inquire from me
where he is to seek his daughter.”

This word I wrote and sealed; which while I was doing, Sprott of his own
motion made a welcome offer, to charge himself with Miss Drummond’s
mails, and even send a porter for them to the inn.  I advanced him to
that effect a dollar or two to be a cover, and he gave me an
acknowledgment in writing of the sum.

Whereupon (I giving my arm to Catriona) we left the house of this
unpalatable rascal.  She had said no word throughout, leaving me to judge
and speak in her place; I, upon my side, had been careful not to
embarrass her by a glance; and even now, although my heart still glowed
inside of me with shame and anger, I made it my affair to seem quite

“Now,” said I, “let us get back to yon same inn where they can speak the
French, have a piece of dinner, and inquire for conveyances to Rotterdam.
I will never be easy till I have you safe again in the hands of Mrs.

“I suppose it will have to be,” said Catriona, “though whoever will be
pleased, I do not think it will be her.  And I will remind you this once
again that I have but one shilling, and three baubees.”

“And just this once again,” said I, “I will remind you it was a blessing
that I came alongst with you.”

“What else would I be thinking all this time?” says she, and I thought
weighed a little on my arm.  “It is you that are the good friend to me.”


The rattel-waggon, which is a kind of a long waggon set with benches,
carried us in four hours of travel to the great city of Rotterdam.  It
was long past dark by then, but the streets were pretty brightly lighted
and thronged with wild-like, outlandish characters—bearded Hebrews, black
men, and the hordes of courtesans, most indecently adorned with finery
and stopping seamen by their very sleeves; the clash of talk about us
made our heads to whirl; and what was the most unexpected of all, we
appeared to be no more struck with all these foreigners than they with
us.  I made the best face I could, for the lass’s sake and my own credit;
but the truth is I felt like a lost sheep, and my heart beat in my bosom
with anxiety.  Once or twice I inquired after the harbour or the berth of
the ship _Rose_: but either fell on some who spoke only Hollands, or my
own French failed me.  Trying a street at a venture, I came upon a lane
of lighted houses, the doors and windows thronged with wauf-like painted
women; these jostled and mocked upon us as we passed, and I was thankful
we had nothing of their language.  A little after we issued forth upon an
open place along the harbour.

“We shall be doing now,” cries I, as soon as I spied masts.  “Let us walk
here by the harbour.  We are sure to meet some that has the English, and
at the best of it we may light upon that very ship.”

We did the next best, as happened; for, about nine of the evening, whom
should we walk into the arms of but Captain Sang?  He told us they had
made their run in the most incredible brief time, the wind holding strong
till they reached port; by which means his passengers were all gone
already on their further travels.  It was impossible to chase after the
Gebbies into the High Germany, and we had no other acquaintance to fall
back upon but Captain Sang himself.  It was the more gratifying to find
the man friendly and wishful to assist.  He made it a small affair to
find some good plain family of merchants, where Catriona might harbour
till the _Rose_ was loaden; declared he would then blithely carry her
back to Leith for nothing and see her safe in the hands of Mr. Gregory;
and in the meanwhile carried us to a late ordinary for the meal we stood
in need of.  He seemed extremely friendly, as I say, but what surprised
me a good deal, rather boisterous in the bargain; and the cause of this
was soon to appear.  For at the ordinary, calling for Rhenish wine and
drinking of it deep, he soon became unutterably tipsy.  In this case, as
too common with all men, but especially with those of his rough trade,
what little sense or manners he possessed deserted him; and he behaved
himself so scandalous to the young lady, jesting most ill-favouredly at
the figure she had made on the ship’s rail, that I had no resource but
carry her suddenly away.

She came out of the ordinary clinging to me close.  “Take me away,
David,” she said.  “_You_ keep me.  I am not afraid with you.”

“And have no cause, my little friend!” cried I, and could have found it
in my heart to weep.

“Where will you be taking me?” she said again.  “Don’t leave me at all
events—never leave me.”

“Where am I taking you to?” says I stopping, for I had been staving on
ahead in mere blindness.  “I must stop and think.  But I’ll not leave
you, Catriona; the Lord do so to me, and more also, if I should fail or
fash you.”

She crept close into me by way of a reply.

“Here,” I said, “is the stillest place we have hit on yet in this busy
byke of a city.  Let us sit down here under yon tree and consider of our

That tree (which I am little like to forget) stood hard by the harbour
side.  It was like a black night, but lights were in the houses, and
nearer hand in the quiet ships; there was a shining of the city on the
one hand, and a buzz hung over it of many thousands walking and talking;
on the other, it was dark and the water bubbled on the sides.  I spread
my cloak upon a builder’s stone, and made her sit there; she would have
kept her hold upon me, for she still shook with the late affronts; but I
wanted to think clear, disengaged myself, and paced to and fro before
her, in the manner of what we call a smuggler’s walk, belabouring my
brains for any remedy.  By the course of these scattering thoughts I was
brought suddenly face to face with a remembrance that, in the heat and
haste of our departure, I had left Captain Sang to pay the ordinary.  At
this I began to laugh out loud, for I thought the man well served; and at
the same time, by an instinctive movement, carried my hand to the pocket
where my money was.  I suppose it was in the lane where the women jostled
us; but there is only the one thing certain, that my purse was gone.

“You will have thought of something good,” said she, observing me to

At the pinch we were in, my mind became suddenly clear as a perspective
glass, and I saw there was no choice of methods.  I had not one doit of
coin, but in my pocket-book I had still my letter on the Leyden merchant;
and there was now but the one way to get to Leyden, and that was to walk
on our two feet.

“Catriona,” said I, “I know you’re brave and I believe you’re strong—do
you think you could walk thirty miles on a plain road?”  We found it, I
believe, scarce the two-thirds of that, but such was my notion of the

“David,” she said, “if you will just keep near, I will go anywhere and do
anything.  The courage of my heart, it is all broken.  Do not be leaving
me in this horrible country by myself, and I will do all else.”

“Can you start now and march all night?” said I.

“I will do all that you can ask of me,” she said, “and never ask you why.
I have been a bad ungrateful girl to you; and do what you please with me
now!  And I think Miss Barbara Grant is the best lady in the world,” she
added, “and I do not see what she would deny you for at all events.”

This was Greek and Hebrew to me; but I had other matters to consider, and
the first of these was to get clear of that city on the Leyden road.  It
proved a cruel problem; and it may have been one or two at night ere we
had solved it.  Once beyond the houses, there was neither moon nor stars
to guide us; only the whiteness of the way in the midst and a blackness
of an alley on both hands.  The walking was besides made most
extraordinary difficult by a plain black frost that fell suddenly in the
small hours and turned that highway into one long slide.

“Well, Catriona,” said I, “here we are like the king’s sons and the old
wives’ daughters in your daft-like Highland tales.  Soon we’ll be going
over the ‘_seven Bens_, _the seven glens and the seven mountain moors_’.”
Which was a common byword or overcome in those tales of hers that had
stuck in my memory.

“Ah,” says she, “but here are no glens or mountains!  Though I will never
be denying but what the trees and some of the plain places hereabouts are
very pretty.  But our country is the best yet.”

“I wish we could say as much for our own folk,” says I, recalling Sprott
and Sang, and perhaps James More himself.

“I will never complain of the country of my friend,” said she, and spoke
it out with an accent so particular that I seemed to see the look upon
her face.

I caught in my breath sharp and came near falling (for my pains) on the
black ice.

“I do not know what _you_ think, Catriona,” said I, when I was a little
recovered, “but this has been the best day yet!  I think shame to say it,
when you have met in with such misfortunes and disfavours; but for me, it
has been the best day yet.”

“It was a good day when you showed me so much love,” said she.

“And yet I think shame to be happy too,” I went on, “and you here on the
road in the black night.”

“Where in the great world would I be else?” she cried.  “I am thinking I
am safest where I am with you.”

“I am quite forgiven, then?” I asked.

“Will you not forgive me that time so much as not to take it in your
mouth again?” she cried.  “There is nothing in this heart to you but
thanks.  But I will be honest too,” she added, with a kind of suddenness,
“and I’ll never can forgive that girl.”

“Is this Miss Grant again?” said I.  “You said yourself she was the best
lady in the world.”

“So she will be, indeed!” says Catriona.  “But I will never forgive her
for all that.  I will never, never forgive her, and let me hear tell of
her no more.”

“Well,” said I, “this beats all that ever came to my knowledge; and I
wonder that you can indulge yourself in such bairnly whims.  Here is a
young lady that was the best friend in the world to the both of us, that
learned us how to dress ourselves, and in a great manner how to behave,
as anyone can see that knew us both before and after.”

But Catriona stopped square in the midst of the highway.

“It is this way of it,” said she.  “Either you will go on to speak of
her, and I will go back to yon town, and let come of it what God pleases!
Or else you will do me that politeness to talk of other things.”

I was the most nonplussed person in this world; but I bethought me that
she depended altogether on my help, that she was of the frail sex and not
so much beyond a child, and it was for me to be wise for the pair of us.

“My dear girl,” said I, “I can make neither head nor tails of this; but
God forbid that I should do anything to set you on the jee.  As for
talking of Miss Grant, I have no such a mind to it, and I believe it was
yourself began it.  My only design (if I took you up at all) was for your
own improvement, for I hate the very look of injustice.  Not that I do
not wish you to have a good pride and a nice female delicacy; they become
you well; but here you show them to excess.”

“Well, then, have you done?” said she.

“I have done,” said I.

“A very good thing,” said she, and we went on again, but now in silence.

It was an eerie employment to walk in the gross night, beholding only
shadows and hearing nought but our own steps.  At first, I believe our
hearts burned against each other with a deal of enmity; but the darkness
and the cold, and the silence, which only the cocks sometimes
interrupted, or sometimes the farmyard dogs, had pretty soon brought down
our pride to the dust; and for my own particular, I would have jumped at
any decent opening for speech.

Before the day peeped, came on a warmish rain, and the frost was all
wiped away from among our feet.  I took my cloak to her and sought to hap
her in the same; she bade me, rather impatiently, to keep it.

“Indeed and I will do no such thing,” said I.  “Here am I, a great, ugly
lad that has seen all kinds of weather, and here are you a tender, pretty
maid!  My dear, you would not put me to a shame?”

Without more words she let me cover her; which as I was doing in the
darkness, I let my hand rest a moment on her shoulder, almost like an

“You must try to be more patient of your friend,” said I.

I thought she seemed to lean the least thing in the world against my
bosom, or perhaps it was but fancy.

“There will be no end to your goodness,” said she.

And we went on again in silence; but now all was changed; and the
happiness that was in my heart was like a fire in a great chimney.

The rain passed ere day; it was but a sloppy morning as we came into the
town of Delft.  The red gabled houses made a handsome show on either hand
of a canal; the servant lassies were out slestering and scrubbing at the
very stones upon the public highway; smoke rose from a hundred kitchens;
and it came in upon me strongly it was time to break our fasts.

“Catriona,” said I, “I believe you have yet a shilling and three

“Are you wanting it?” said she, and passed me her purse.  “I am wishing
it was five pounds!  What will you want it for?”

“And what have we been walking for all night, like a pair of waif
Egyptians!” says I.  “Just because I was robbed of my purse and all I
possessed in that unchancy town of Rotterdam.  I will tell you of it now,
because I think the worst is over, but we have still a good tramp before
us till we get to where my money is, and if you would not buy me a piece
of bread, I were like to go fasting.”

She looked at me with open eyes.  By the light of the new day she was all
black and pale for weariness, so that my heart smote me for her.  But as
for her, she broke out laughing.

“My torture! are we beggars then!” she cried.  “You too?  O, I could have
wished for this same thing!  And I am glad to buy your breakfast to you.
But it would be pleisand if I would have had to dance to get a meal to
you!  For I believe they are not very well acquainted with our manner of
dancing over here, and might be paying for the curiosity of that sight.”

I could have kissed her for that word, not with a lover’s mind, but in a
heat of admiration.  For it always warms a man to see a woman brave.

We got a drink of milk from a country wife but new come to the town, and
in a baker’s, a piece of excellent, hot, sweet-smelling bread, which we
ate upon the road as we went on.  That road from Delft to the Hague is
just five miles of a fine avenue shaded with trees, a canal on the one
hand, on the other excellent pastures of cattle.  It was pleasant here

“And now, Davie,” said she, “what will you do with me at all events?”

“It is what we have to speak of,” said I, “and the sooner yet the better.
I can come by money in Leyden; that will be all well.  But the trouble is
how to dispose of you until your father come.  I thought last night you
seemed a little sweir to part from me?”

“It will be more than seeming then,” said she.

“You are a very young maid,” said I, “and I am but a very young callant.
This is a great piece of difficulty.  What way are we to manage?  Unless
indeed, you could pass to be my sister?”

“And what for no?” said she, “if you would let me!”

“I wish you were so, indeed,” I cried.  “I would be a fine man if I had
such a sister.  But the rub is that you are Catriona Drummond.”

“And now I will be Catriona Balfour,” she said.  “And who is to ken?
They are all strange folk here.”

“If you think that it would do,” says I.  “I own it troubles me.  I would
like it very ill, if I advised you at all wrong.”

“David, I have no friend here but you,” she said.

“The mere truth is, I am too young to be your friend,” said I.  “I am too
young to advise you, or you to be advised.  I see not what else we are to
do, and yet I ought to warn you.”

“I will have no choice left,” said she.  “My father James More has not
used me very well, and it is not the first time, I am cast upon your
hands like a sack of barley meal, and have nothing else to think of but
your pleasure.  If you will have me, good and well.  If you will not”—she
turned and touched her hand upon my arm—“David, I am afraid,” said she.

“No, but I ought to warn you,” I began; and then bethought me I was the
bearer of the purse, and it would never do to seem too churlish.
“Catriona,” said I, “don’t misunderstand me: I am just trying to do my
duty by you, girl!  Here am I going alone to this strange city, to be a
solitary student there; and here is this chance arisen that you might
dwell with me a bit, and be like my sister; you can surely understand
this much, my dear, that I would just love to have you?”

“Well, and here I am,” said she.  “So that’s soon settled.”

I know I was in duty bounden to have spoke more plain.  I know this was a
great blot on my character, for which I was lucky that I did not pay more
dear.  But I minded how easy her delicacy had been startled with a word
of kissing her in Barbara’s letter; now that she depended on me, how was
I to be more bold?  Besides, the truth is, I could see no other feasible
method to dispose of her.  And I daresay inclination pulled me very

A little beyond the Hague she fell very lame and made the rest of the
distance heavily enough.  Twice she must rest by the wayside, which she
did with pretty apologies, calling herself a shame to the Highlands and
the race she came of, and nothing but a hindrance to myself.  It was her
excuse, she said, that she was not much used with walking shod.  I would
have had her strip off her shoes and stockings and go barefoot.  But she
pointed out to me that the women of that country, even in the landward
roads, appeared to be all shod.

“I must not be disgracing my brother,” said she, and was very merry with
it all, although her face told tales of her.

There is a garden in that city we were bound to, sanded below with clean
sand, the trees meeting overhead, some of them trimmed, some preached,
and the whole place beautified with alleys and arbours.  Here I left
Catriona, and went forward by myself to find my correspondent.  There I
drew on my credit, and asked to be recommended to some decent, retired
lodging.  My baggage being not yet arrived, I told him I supposed I
should require his caution with the people of the house; and explained
that, my sister being come for a while to keep house with me, I should be
wanting two chambers.  This was all very well; but the trouble was that
Mr. Balfour in his letter of recommendation had condescended on a great
deal of particulars, and never a word of any sister in the case.  I could
see my Dutchman was extremely suspicious; and viewing me over the rims of
a great pair of spectacles—he was a poor, frail body, and reminded me of
an infirm rabbit—he began to question me close.

Here I fell in a panic.  Suppose he accept my tale (thinks I), suppose he
invite my sister to his house, and that I bring her.  I shall have a fine
ravelled pirn to unwind, and may end by disgracing both the lassie and
myself.  Thereupon I began hastily to expound to him my sister’s
character.  She was of a bashful disposition, it appeared, and be
extremely fearful of meeting strangers that I had left her at that moment
sitting in a public place alone.  And then, being launched upon the
stream of falsehood, I must do like all the rest of the world in the same
circumstance, and plunge in deeper than was any service; adding some
altogether needless particulars of Miss Balfour’s ill-health and
retirement during childhood.  In the midst of which I awoke to a sense of
my behaviour, and was turned to one blush.

The old gentleman was not so much deceived but what he discovered a
willingness to be quit of me.  But he was first of all a man of business;
and knowing that my money was good enough, however it might be with my
conduct, he was so far obliging as to send his son to be my guide and
caution in the matter of a lodging.  This implied my presenting of the
young man to Catriona.  The poor, pretty child was much recovered with
resting, looked and behaved to perfection, and took my arm and gave me
the name of brother more easily than I could answer her.  But there was
one misfortune: thinking to help, she was rather towardly than otherwise
to my Dutchman.  And I could not but reflect that Miss Balfour had rather
suddenly outgrown her bashfulness.  And there was another thing, the
difference of our speech.  I had the Low Country tongue and dwelled upon
my words; she had a hill voice, spoke with something of an English
accent, only far more delightful, and was scarce quite fit to be called a
deacon in the craft of talking English grammar; so that, for a brother
and sister, we made a most uneven pair.  But the young Hollander was a
heavy dog, without so much spirit in his belly as to remark her
prettiness, for which I scorned him.  And as soon as he had found a cover
to our heads, he left us alone, which was the greater service of the two.


The place found was in the upper part of a house backed on a canal.  We
had two rooms, the second entering from the first; each had a chimney
built out into the floor in the Dutch manner; and being alongside, each
had the same prospect from the window of the top of a tree below us in a
little court, of a piece of the canal, and of houses in the Hollands
architecture and a church spire upon the further side.  A full set of
bells hung in that spire and made delightful music; and when there was
any sun at all, it shone direct in our two chambers.  From a tavern hard
by we had good meals sent in.

The first night we were both pretty weary, and she extremely so.  There
was little talk between us, and I packed her off to her bed as soon as
she had eaten.  The first thing in the morning I wrote word to Sprott to
have her mails sent on, together with a line to Alan at his chief’s; and
had the same despatched, and her breakfast ready, ere I waked her.  I was
a little abashed when she came forth in her one habit, and the mud of the
way upon her stockings.  By what inquiries I had made, it seemed a good
few days must pass before her mails could come to hand in Leyden, and it
was plainly needful she must have a shift of things.  She was unwilling
at first that I should go to that expense; but I reminded her she was now
a rich man’s sister and must appear suitably in the part, and we had not
got to the second merchant’s before she was entirely charmed into the
spirit of the thing, and her eyes shining.  It pleased me to see her so
innocent and thorough in this pleasure.  What was more extraordinary was
the passion into which I fell on it myself; being never satisfied that I
had bought her enough or fine enough, and never weary of beholding her in
different attires.  Indeed, I began to understand some little of Miss
Grant’s immersion in the interest of clothes; for the truth is, when you
have the ground of a beautiful person to adorn, the whole business
becomes beautiful.  The Dutch chintzes I should say were extraordinary
cheap and fine; but I would be ashamed to set down what I paid for
stockings to her.  Altogether I spent so great a sum upon this pleasuring
(as I may call it) that I was ashamed for a great while to spend more;
and by way of a set-off, I left our chambers pretty bare.  If we had
beds, if Catriona was a little braw, and I had light to see her by, we
were richly enough lodged for me.

By the end of this merchandising I was glad to leave her at the door with
all our purchases, and go for a long walk alone in which to read myself a
lecture.  Here had I taken under my roof, and as good as to my bosom, a
young lass extremely beautiful, and whose innocence was her peril.  My
talk with the old Dutchman, and the lies to which I was constrained, had
already given me a sense of how my conduct must appear to others; and
now, after the strong admiration I had just experienced and the
immoderacy with which I had continued my vain purchases, I began to think
of it myself as very hazarded.  I bethought me, if I had a sister indeed,
whether I would so expose her; then, judging the case too problematical,
I varied my question into this, whether I would so trust Catriona in the
hands of any other Christian being; the answer to which made my face to
burn.  The more cause, since I had been entrapped and had entrapped the
girl into an undue situation, that I should behave in it with scrupulous
nicety.  She depended on me wholly for her bread and shelter; in case I
should alarm her delicacy, she had no retreat.  Besides I was her host
and her protector; and the more irregularly I had fallen in these
positions, the less excuse for me if I should profit by the same to
forward even the most honest suit; for with the opportunities that I
enjoyed, and which no wise parent would have suffered for a moment, even
the most honest suit would be unfair.  I saw I must be extremely hold-off
in my relations; and yet not too much so neither; for if I had no right
to appear at all in the character of a suitor, I must yet appear
continually, and if possible agreeably, in that of host.  It was plain I
should require a great deal of tact and conduct, perhaps more than my
years afforded.  But I had rushed in where angels might have feared to
tread, and there was no way out of that position save by behaving right
while I was in it.  I made a set of rules for my guidance; prayed for
strength to be enabled to observe them, and as a more human aid to the
same end purchased a study-book in law.  This being all that I could
think of, I relaxed from these grave considerations; whereupon my mind
bubbled at once into an effervescency of pleasing spirits, and it was
like one treading on air that I turned homeward.  As I thought that name
of home, and recalled the image of that figure awaiting me between four
walls, my heart beat upon my bosom.

My troubles began with my return.  She ran to greet me with an obvious
and affecting pleasure.  She was clad, besides, entirely in the new
clothes that I had bought for her; looked in them beyond expression well;
and must walk about and drop me curtseys to display them and to be
admired.  I am sure I did it with an ill grace, for I thought to have
choked upon the words.

“Well,” she said, “if you will not be caring for my pretty clothes, see
what I have done with our two chambers.”  And she showed me the place all
very finely swept, and the fires glowing in the two chimneys.

I was glad of a chance to seem a little more severe than I quite felt.
“Catriona,” said I, “I am very much displeased with you, and you must
never again lay a hand upon my room.  One of us two must have the rule
while we are here together; it is most fit it should be I who am both the
man and the elder; and I give you that for my command.”

She dropped me one of her curtseys; which were extraordinary taking.  “If
you will be cross,” said she, “I must be making pretty manners at you,
Davie.  I will be very obedient, as I should be when every stitch upon
all there is of me belongs to you.  But you will not be very cross
either, because now I have not anyone else.”

This struck me hard, and I made haste, in a kind of penitence, to blot
out all the good effect of my last speech.  In this direction progress
was more easy, being down hill; she led me forward, smiling; at the sight
of her, in the brightness of the fire and with her pretty becks and
looks, my heart was altogether melted.  We made our meal with infinite
mirth and tenderness; and the two seemed to be commingled into one, so
that our very laughter sounded like a kindness.

In the midst of which I awoke to better recollections, made a lame word
of excuse, and set myself boorishly to my studies.  It was a substantial,
instructive book that I had bought, by the late Dr. Heineccius, in which
I was to do a great deal reading these next few days, and often very glad
that I had no one to question me of what I read.  Methought she bit her
lip at me a little, and that cut me.  Indeed it left her wholly solitary,
the more as she was very little of a reader, and had never a book.  But
what was I to do?

So the rest of the evening flowed by almost without speech.

I could have beat myself.  I could not lie in my bed that night for rage
and repentance, but walked to and fro on my bare feet till I was nearly
perished, for the chimney was gone out and the frost keen.  The thought
of her in the next room, the thought that she might even hear me as I
walked, the remembrance of my churlishness and that I must continue to
practise the same ungrateful course or be dishonoured, put me beside my
reason.  I stood like a man between Scylla and Charybdis: _What must she
think of me_? was my one thought that softened me continually into
weakness.  _What is to become of us_? the other which steeled me again to
resolution.  This was my first night of wakefulness and divided counsels,
of which I was now to pass many, pacing like a madman, sometimes weeping
like a childish boy, sometimes praying (I fain would hope) like a

But prayer is not very difficult, and the hitch comes in practice.  In
her presence, and above all if I allowed any beginning of familiarity, I
found I had very little command of what should follow.  But to sit all
day in the same room with her, and feign to be engaged upon Heineccius,
surpassed my strength.  So that I fell instead upon the expedient of
absenting myself so much as I was able; taking out classes and sitting
there regularly, often with small attention, the test of which I found
the other day in a note-book of that period, where I had left off to
follow an edifying lecture and actually scribbled in my book some very
ill verses, though the Latinity is rather better than I thought that I
could ever have compassed.  The evil of this course was unhappily near as
great as its advantage.  I had the less time of trial, but I believe,
while the time lasted, I was tried the more extremely.  For she being so
much left to solitude, she came to greet my return with an increasing
fervour that came nigh to overmaster me.  These friendly offers I must
barbarously cast back; and my rejection sometimes wounded her so cruelly
that I must unbend and seek to make it up to her in kindness.  So that
our time passed in ups and downs, tiffs and disappointments, upon the
which I could almost say (if it may be said with reverence) that I was

The base of my trouble was Catriona’s extraordinary innocence, at which I
was not so much surprised as filled with pity and admiration.  She seemed
to have no thought of our position, no sense of my struggles; welcomed
any mark of my weakness with responsive joy; and when I was drove again
to my retrenchments, did not always dissemble her chagrin.  There were
times when I have thought to myself, “If she were over head in love, and
set her cap to catch me, she would scarce behave much otherwise;” and
then I would fall again into wonder at the simplicity of woman, from whom
I felt (in these moments) that I was not worthy to be descended.

There was one point in particular on which our warfare turned, and of all
things, this was the question of her clothes.  My baggage had soon
followed me from Rotterdam, and hers from Helvoet.  She had now, as it
were, two wardrobes; and it grew to be understood between us (I could
never tell how) that when she was friendly she would wear my clothes, and
when otherwise her own.  It was meant for a buffet, and (as it were) the
renunciation of her gratitude; and I felt it so in my bosom, but was
generally more wise than to appear to have observed the circumstance.

Once, indeed, I was betrayed into a childishness greater than her own; it
fell in this way.  On my return from classes, thinking upon her devoutly
with a great deal of love and a good deal of annoyance in the bargain,
the annoyance began to fade away out of my mind; and spying in a window
one of those forced flowers, of which the Hollanders are so skilled in
the artifice, I gave way to an impulse and bought it for Catriona.  I do
not know the name of that flower, but it was of the pink colour, and I
thought she would admire the same, and carried it home to her with a
wonderful soft heart.  I had left her in my clothes, and when I returned
to find her all changed and a face to match, I cast but the one look at
her from head to foot, ground my teeth together, flung the window open,
and my flower into the court, and then (between rage and prudence) myself
out of that room again, of which I slammed she door as I went out.

On the steep stair I came near falling, and this brought me to myself, so
that I began at once to see the folly of my conduct.  I went, not into
the street as I had purposed, but to the house court, which was always a
solitary place, and where I saw my flower (that had cost me vastly more
than it was worth) hanging in the leafless tree.  I stood by the side of
the canal, and looked upon the ice.  Country people went by on their
skates, and I envied them.  I could see no way out of the pickle I was in
no way so much as to return to the room I had just left.  No doubt was in
my mind but I had now betrayed the secret of my feelings; and to make
things worse, I had shown at the same time (and that with wretched
boyishness) incivility to my helpless guest.

I suppose she must have seen me from the open window.  It did not seem to
me that I had stood there very long before I heard the crunching of
footsteps on the frozen snow, and turning somewhat angrily (for I was in
no spirit to be interrupted) saw Catriona drawing near.  She was all
changed again, to the clocked stockings.

“Are we not to have our walk to-day?” said she.

I was looking at her in a maze.  “Where is your brooch?” says I.

She carried her hand to her bosom and coloured high.  “I will have
forgotten it,” said she.  “I will run upstairs for it quick, and then
surely we’ll can have our walk?”

There was a note of pleading in that last that staggered me; I had
neither words nor voice to utter them; I could do no more than nod by way
of answer; and the moment she had left me, climbed into the tree and
recovered my flower, which on her return I offered her.

“I bought it for you, Catriona,” said I.

She fixed it in the midst of her bosom with the brooch, I could have
thought tenderly.

“It is none the better of my handling,” said I again, and blushed.

“I will be liking it none the worse, you may be sure of that,” said she.

We did not speak so much that day; she seemed a thought on the reserve,
though not unkindly.  As for me, all the time of our walking, and after
we came home, and I had seen her put my flower into a pot of water, I was
thinking to myself what puzzles women were.  I was thinking, the one
moment, it was the most stupid thing on earth she should not have
perceived my love; and the next, that she had certainly perceived it long
ago, and (being a wise girl with the fine female instinct of propriety)
concealed her knowledge.

We had our walk daily.  Out in the streets I felt more safe; I relaxed a
little in my guardedness; and for one thing, there was no Heineccius.
This made these periods not only a relief to myself, but a particular
pleasure to my poor child.  When I came back about the hour appointed, I
would generally find her ready dressed, and glowing with anticipation.
She would prolong their duration to the extreme, seeming to dread (as I
did myself) the hour of the return; and there is scarce a field or
waterside near Leyden, scarce a street or lane there, where we have not
lingered.  Outside of these, I bade her confine herself entirely to our
lodgings; this in the fear of her encountering any acquaintance, which
would have rendered our position very difficult.  From the same
apprehension I would never suffer her to attend church, nor even go
myself; but made some kind of shift to hold worship privately in our own
chamber—I hope with an honest, but I am quite sure with a very much
divided mind.  Indeed, there was scarce anything that more affected me,
than thus to kneel down alone with her before God like man and wife.

One day it was snowing downright hard.  I had thought it not possible
that we should venture forth, and was surprised to find her waiting for
me ready dressed.

“I will not be doing without my walk,” she cried.  “You are never a good
boy, Davie, in the house; I will never be caring for you only in the open
air.  I think we two will better turn Egyptian and dwell by the

That was the best walk yet of all of them; she clung near to me in the
falling snow; it beat about and melted on us, and the drops stood upon
her bright cheeks like tears and ran into her smiling mouth.  Strength
seemed to come upon me with the sight like a giant’s; I thought I could
have caught her up and run with her into the uttermost places in the
earth; and we spoke together all that time beyond belief for freedom and

It was the dark night when we came to the house door.  She pressed my arm
upon her bosom.  “Thank you kindly for these same good hours,” said she,
on a deep note of her voice.

The concern in which I fell instantly on this address, put me with the
same swiftness on my guard; and we were no sooner in the chamber, and the
light made, than she beheld the old, dour, stubborn countenance of the
student of Heineccius.  Doubtless she was more than usually hurt; and I
know for myself, I found it more than usually difficult to maintain any
strangeness.  Even at the meal, I durst scarce unbuckle and scarce lift
my eyes to her; and it was no sooner over than I fell again to my
civilian, with more seeming abstraction and less understanding than
before.  Methought, as I read, I could hear my heart strike like an
eight-day clock.  Hard as I feigned to study, there was still some of my
eyesight that spilled beyond the book upon Catriona.  She sat on the
floor by the side of my great mail, and the chimney lighted her up, and
shone and blinked upon her, and made her glow and darken through a wonder
of fine hues.  Now she would be gazing in the fire, and then again at me;
and at that I would be plunged in a terror of myself, and turn the pages
of Heineccius like a man looking for the text in church.

Suddenly she called out aloud.  “O, why does not my father come?” she
cried, and fell at once into a storm of tears.

I leaped up, flung Heineccius fairly in the fire, ran to her side, and
cast an arm around her sobbing body.

She put me from her sharply, “You do not love your friend,” says she.  “I
could be so happy too, if you would let me!”  And then, “O, what will I
have done that you should hate me so?”

“Hate you!” cries I, and held her firm.  “You blind less, can you not see
a little in my wretched heart?  Do you not think when I sit there,
reading in that fool-book that I have just burned and be damned to it, I
take ever the least thought of any stricken thing but just yourself?
Night after night I could have grat to see you sitting there your lone.
And what was I to do?  You are here under my honour; would you punish me
for that?  Is it for that that you would spurn a loving servant?”

At the word, with a small, sudden motion, she clung near to me.  I raised
her face to mine, I kissed it, and she bowed her brow upon my bosom,
clasping me tight.  I saw in a mere whirl like a man drunken.  Then I
heard her voice sound very small and muffled in my clothes.

“Did you kiss her truly?” she asked.

There went through me so great a heave of surprise that I was all shook
with it.

“Miss Grant?” I cried, all in a disorder.  “Yes, I asked her to kiss me
good-bye, the which she did.”

“Ah, well!” said she, “you have kissed me too, at all events.”

At the strangeness and sweetness of that word, I saw where we had fallen;
rose, and set her on her feet.

“This will never do,” said I.  “This will never, never do.  O Catrine,
Catrine!”  Then there came a pause in which I was debarred from any
speaking.  And then, “Go away to your bed,” said I.  “Go away to your bed
and leave me.”

She turned to obey me like a child, and the next I knew of it, had
stopped in the very doorway.

“Good night, Davie!” said she.

“And O, good night, my love!” I cried, with a great outbreak of my soul,
and caught her to me again, so that it seemed I must have broken her.
The next moment I had thrust her from the room, shut to the door even
with violence, and stood alone.

The milk was spilt now, the word was out and the truth told.  I had crept
like an untrusty man into the poor maid’s affections; she was in my hand
like any frail, innocent thing to make or mar; and what weapon of defence
was left me?  It seemed like a symbol that Heineccius, my old protection,
was now burned.  I repented, yet could not find it in my heart to blame
myself for that great failure.  It seemed not possible to have resisted
the boldness of her innocence or that last temptation of her weeping.
And all that I had to excuse me did but make my sin appear the greater—it
was upon a nature so defenceless, and with such advantages of the
position, that I seemed to have practised.

What was to become of us now?  It seemed we could no longer dwell in the
one place.  But where was I to go? or where she?  Without either choice
or fault of ours, life had conspired to wall us together in that narrow
place.  I had a wild thought of marrying out of hand; and the next moment
put it from me with revolt.  She was a child, she could not tell her own
heart; I had surprised her weakness, I must never go on to build on that
surprisal; I must keep her not only clear of reproach, but free as she
had come to me.

Down I sat before the fire, and reflected, and repented, and beat my
brains in vain for any means of escape.  About two of the morning, there
were three red embers left and the house and all the city was asleep,
when I was aware of a small sound of weeping in the next room.  She
thought that I slept, the poor soul; she regretted her weakness—and what
perhaps (God help her!) she called her forwardness—and in the dead of the
night solaced herself with tears.  Tender and bitter feelings, love and
penitence and pity, struggled in my soul; it seemed I was under bond to
heal that weeping.

“O, try to forgive me!” I cried out, “try, try to forgive me.  Let us
forget it all, let us try if we’ll no can forget it!”

There came no answer, but the sobbing ceased.  I stood a long while with
my hands still clasped as I had spoken; then the cold of the night laid
hold upon me with a shudder, and I think my reason reawakened.

“You can make no hand of this, Davie,” thinks I.  “To bed with you like a
wise lad, and try if you can sleep.  To-morrow you may see your way.”


I was called on the morrow out of a late and troubled slumber by a
knocking on my door, ran to open it, and had almost swooned with the
contrariety of my feelings, mostly painful; for on the threshold, in a
rough wraprascal and an extraordinary big laced hat, there stood James

I ought to have been glad perhaps without admixture, for there was a
sense in which the man came like an answer to prayer.  I had been saying
till my head was weary that Catriona and I must separate, and looking
till my head ached for any possible means of separation.  Here were the
means come to me upon two legs, and joy was the hindmost of my thoughts.
It is to be considered, however, that even if the weight of the future
were lifted off me by the man’s arrival, the present heaved up the more
black and menacing; so that, as I first stood before him in my shirt and
breeches, I believe I took a leaping step backward like a person shot.

“Ah,” said he, “I have found you, Mr. Balfour.”  And offered me his
large, fine hand, the which (recovering at the same time my post in the
doorway, as if with some thought of resistance) I took him by doubtfully.
“It is a remarkable circumstance how our affairs appear to intermingle,”
he continued.  “I am owing you an apology for an unfortunate intrusion
upon yours, which I suffered myself to be entrapped into by my confidence
in that false-face, Prestongrange; I think shame to own to you that I was
ever trusting to a lawyer.”  He shrugged his shoulders with a very French
air.  “But indeed the man is very plausible,” says he.  “And now it seems
that you have busied yourself handsomely in the matter of my daughter,
for whose direction I was remitted to yourself.”

“I think, sir,” said I, with a very painful air, “that it will be
necessary we two should have an explanation.”

“There is nothing amiss?” he asked.  “My agent, Mr. Sprott—”

“For God’s sake moderate your voice!” I cried.  “She must not hear till
we have had an explanation.”

“She is in this place?” cries he.

“That is her chamber door,” said I.

“You are here with her alone?” he asked.

“And who else would I have got to stay with us?” cries I.

I will do him the justice to admit that he turned pale.

“This is very unusual,” said he.  “This is a very unusual circumstance.
You are right, we must hold an explanation.”

So saying he passed me by, and I must own the tall old rogue appeared at
that moment extraordinary dignified.  He had now, for the first time, the
view of my chamber, which I scanned (I may say) with his eyes.  A bit of
morning sun glinted in by the window pane, and showed it off; my bed, my
mails, and washing dish, with some disorder of my clothes, and the
unlighted chimney, made the only plenishing; no mistake but it looked
bare and cold, and the most unsuitable, beggarly place conceivable to
harbour a young lady.  At the same time came in on my mind the
recollection of the clothes that I had bought for her; and I thought this
contrast of poverty and prodigality bore an ill appearance.

He looked all about the chamber for a seat, and finding nothing else to
his purpose except my bed, took a place upon the side of it; where, after
I had closed the door, I could not very well avoid joining him.  For
however this extraordinary interview might end, it must pass if possible
without waking Catriona; and the one thing needful was that we should sit
close and talk low.  But I can scarce picture what a pair we made; he in
his great coat which the coldness of my chamber made extremely suitable;
I shivering in my shirt and breeks; he with very much the air of a judge;
and I (whatever I looked) with very much the feelings of a man who has
heard the last trumpet.

“Well?” says he.

And “Well,” I began, but found myself unable to go further.

“You tell me she is here?” said he again, but now with a spice of
impatience that seemed to brace me up.

“She is in this house,” said I, “and I knew the circumstance would be
called unusual.  But you are to consider how very unusual the whole
business was from the beginning.  Here is a young lady landed on the
coast of Europe with two shillings and a penny halfpenny.  She is
directed to yon man Sprott in Helvoet.  I hear you call him your agent.
All I can say is he could do nothing but damn and swear at the mere
mention of your name, and I must fee him out of my own pocket even to
receive the custody of her effects.  You speak of unusual circumstances,
Mr. Drummond, if that be the name you prefer.  Here was a circumstance,
if you like, to which it was barbarity to have exposed her.”

“But this is what I cannot understand the least,” said James.  “My
daughter was placed into the charge of some responsible persons, whose
names I have forgot.”

“Gebbie was the name,” said I; “and there is no doubt that Mr. Gebbie
should have gone ashore with her at Helvoet.  But he did not, Mr.
Drummond; and I think you might praise God that I was there to offer in
his place.”

“I shall have a word to say to Mr. Gebbie before long,” said he.  “As for
yourself, I think it might have occurred that you were somewhat young for
such a post.”

“But the choice was not between me and somebody else, it was between me
and nobody,” cried I.  “Nobody offered in my place, and I must say I
think you show a very small degree of gratitude to me that did.”

“I shall wait until I understand my obligation a little more in the
particular,” says he.

“Indeed, and I think it stares you in the face, then,” said I.  “Your
child was deserted, she was clean flung away in the midst of Europe, with
scarce two shillings, and not two words of any language spoken there: I
must say, a bonny business!  I brought her to this place.  I gave her the
name and the tenderness due to a sister.  All this has not gone without
expense, but that I scarce need to hint at.  They were services due to
the young lady’s character which I respect; and I think it would be a
bonny business too, if I was to be singing her praises to her father.”

“You are a young man,” he began.

“So I hear you tell me,” said I, with a good deal of heat.

“You are a very young man,” he repeated, “or you would have understood
the significancy of the step.”

“I think you speak very much at your ease,” cried I.  “What else was I to
do?  It is a fact I might have hired some decent, poor woman to be a
third to us, and I declare I never thought of it until this moment!  But
where was I to find her, that am a foreigner myself?  And let me point
out to your observation, Mr. Drummond, that it would have cost me money
out of my pocket.  For here is just what it comes to, that I had to pay
through the nose for your neglect; and there is only the one story to it,
just that you were so unloving and so careless as to have lost your

“He that lives in a glass house should not be casting stones,” says he;
“and we will finish inquiring into the behaviour of Miss Drummond before
we go on to sit in judgment on her father.”

“But I will be entrapped into no such attitude,” said I.  “The character
of Miss Drummond is far above inquiry, as her father ought to know.  So
is mine, and I am telling you that.  There are but the two ways of it
open.  The one is to express your thanks to me as one gentleman to
another, and to say no more.  The other (if you are so difficult as to be
still dissatisfied) is to pay me, that which I have expended and be

He seemed to soothe me with a hand in the air.  “There, there,” said he.
“You go too fast, you go too fast, Mr. Balfour.  It is a good thing that
I have learned to be more patient.  And I believe you forget that I have
yet to see my daughter.”

I began to be a little relieved upon this speech and a change in the
man’s manner that I spied in him as soon as the name of money fell
between us.

“I was thinking it would be more fit—if you will excuse the plainness of
my dressing in your presence—that I should go forth and leave you to
encounter her alone?” said I.

“What I would have looked for at your hands!” says he; and there was no
mistake but what he said it civilly.

I thought this better and better still, and as I began to pull on my
hose, recalling the man’s impudent mendicancy at Prestongrange’s, I
determined to pursue what seemed to be my victory.

“If you have any mind to stay some while in Leyden,” said I, “this room
is very much at your disposal, and I can easy find another for myself: in
which way we shall have the least amount of flitting possible, there
being only one to change.”

“Why, sir,” said he, making his bosom big, “I think no shame of a poverty
I have come by in the service of my king; I make no secret that my
affairs are quite involved; and for the moment, it would be even
impossible for me to undertake a journey.”

“Until you have occasion to communicate with your friends,” said I,
“perhaps it might be convenient for you (as of course it would be
honourable to myself) if you were to regard yourself in the light of my

“Sir,” said he, “when an offer is frankly made, I think I honour myself
most to imitate that frankness.  Your hand, Mr. David; you have the
character that I respect the most; you are one of those from whom a
gentleman can take a favour and no more words about it.  I am an old
soldier,” he went on, looking rather disgusted-like around my chamber,
“and you need not fear I shall prove burthensome.  I have ate too often
at a dyke-side, drank of the ditch, and had no roof but the rain.”

“I should be telling you,” said I, “that our breakfasts are sent
customarily in about this time of morning.  I propose I should go now to
the tavern, and bid them add a cover for yourself and delay the meal the
matter of an hour, which will give you an interval to meet your daughter

Methought his nostrils wagged at this.  “O, an hour?” says he.  “That is
perhaps superfluous.  Half an hour, Mr. David, or say twenty minutes; I
shall do very well in that.  And by the way,” he adds, detaining me by
the coat, “what is it you drink in the morning, whether ale or wine?”

“To be frank with you, sir,” says I, “I drink nothing else but spare,
cold water.”

“Tut-tut,” says he, “that is fair destruction to the stomach, take an old
campaigner’s word for it.  Our country spirit at home is perhaps the most
entirely wholesome; but as that is not come-at-able, Rhenish or a white
wine of Burgundy will be next best.”

“I shall make it my business to see you are supplied,” said I.

“Why, very good,” said he, “and we shall make a man of you yet, Mr.

By this time, I can hardly say that I was minding him at all, beyond an
odd thought of the kind of father-in-law that he was like to prove; and
all my cares centred about the lass his daughter, to whom I determined to
convey some warning of her visitor.  I stepped to the door accordingly,
and cried through the panels, knocking thereon at the same time: “Miss
Drummond, here is your father come at last.”

With that I went forth upon my errand, having (by two words)
extraordinarily damaged my affairs.


Whether or not I was to be so much blamed, or rather perhaps pitied, I
must leave others to judge.  My shrewdness (of which I have a good deal,
too) seems not so great with the ladies.  No doubt, at the moment when I
awaked her, I was thinking a good deal of the effect upon James More; and
similarly when I returned and we were all sat down to breakfast, I
continued to behave to the young lady with deference and distance; as I
still think to have been most wise.  Her father had cast doubts upon the
innocence of my friendship; and these, it was my first business to allay.
But there is a kind of an excuse for Catriona also.  We had shared in a
scene of some tenderness and passion, and given and received caresses: I
had thrust her from me with violence; I had called aloud upon her in the
night from the one room to the other; she had passed hours of wakefulness
and weeping; and it is not to be supposed I had been absent from her
pillow thoughts.  Upon the back of this, to be awaked, with unaccustomed
formality, under the name of Miss Drummond, and to be thenceforth used
with a great deal of distance and respect, led her entirely in error on
my private sentiments; and she was indeed so incredibly abused as to
imagine me repentant and trying to draw off!

The trouble betwixt us seems to have been this: that whereas I (since I
had first set eyes on his great hat) thought singly of James More, his
return and suspicions, she made so little of these that I may say she
scarce remarked them, and all her troubles and doings regarded what had
passed between us in the night before.  This is partly to be explained by
the innocence and boldness of her character; and partly because James
More, having sped so ill in his interview with me, or had his mouth
closed by my invitation, said no word to her upon the subject.  At the
breakfast, accordingly, it soon appeared we were at cross purposes.  I
had looked to find her in clothes of her own: I found her (as if her
father were forgotten) wearing some of the best that I had bought for
her, and which she knew (or thought) that I admired her in.  I had looked
to find her imitate my affectation of distance, and be most precise and
formal; instead I found her flushed and wild-like, with eyes
extraordinary bright, and a painful and varying expression, calling me by
name with a sort of appeal of tenderness, and referring and deferring to
my thoughts and wishes like an anxious or a suspected wife.

But this was not for long.  As I behold her so regardless of her own
interests, which I had jeopardised and was now endeavouring to recover, I
redoubled my own coldness in the manner of a lesson to the girl.  The
more she came forward, the farther I drew back; the more she betrayed the
closeness of our intimacy, the more pointedly civil I became, until even
her father (if he had not been so engrossed with eating) might have
observed the opposition.  In the midst of which, of a sudden, she became
wholly changed, and I told myself, with a good deal of relief, that she
had took the hint at last.

All day I was at my classes or in quest of my new lodging; and though the
hour of our customary walk hung miserably on my hands, I cannot say but I
was happy on the whole to find my way cleared, the girl again in proper
keeping, the father satisfied or at least acquiescent, and myself free to
prosecute my love with honour.  At supper, as at all our meals, it was
James More that did the talking.  No doubt but he talked well if anyone
could have believed him.  But I will speak of him presently more at
large.  The meal at an end, he rose, got his great coat, and looking (as
I thought) at me, observed he had affairs abroad.  I took this for a hint
that I was to be going also, and got up; whereupon the girl, who had
scarce given me greeting at my entrance, turned her eyes upon me wide
open with a look that bade me stay.  I stood between them like a fish out
of water, turning from one to the other; neither seemed to observe me,
she gazing on the floor, he buttoning his coat: which vastly swelled my
embarrassment.  This appearance of indifference argued, upon her side, a
good deal of anger very near to burst out.  Upon his, I thought it
horribly alarming; I made sure there was a tempest brewing there; and
considering that to be the chief peril, turned towards him and put myself
(so to speak) in the man’s hands.

“Can I do anything for _you_, Mr. Drummond?” says I.

He stifled a yawn, which again I thought to be duplicity.  “Why, Mr.
David,” said he, “since you are so obliging as to propose it, you might
show me the way to a certain tavern” (of which he gave the name) “where I
hope to fall in with some old companions in arms.”

There was no more to say, and I got my hat and cloak to bear him company.

“And as for you,” say he to his daughter, “you had best go to your bed.
I shall be late home, and _Early to bed and early to rise_, _gars bonny
lasses have bright eyes_.”

Whereupon he kissed her with a good deal of tenderness, and ushered me
before him from the door.  This was so done (I thought on purpose) that
it was scarce possible there should be any parting salutation; but I
observed she did not look at me, and set it down to terror of James More.

It was some distance to that tavern.  He talked all the way of matters
which did not interest me the smallest, and at the door dismissed me with
empty manners.  Thence I walked to my new lodging, where I had not so
much as a chimney to hold me warm, and no society but my own thoughts.
These were still bright enough; I did not so much as dream that Catriona
was turned against me; I thought we were like folk pledged; I thought we
had been too near and spoke too warmly to be severed, least of all by
what were only steps in a most needful policy.  And the chief of my
concern was only the kind of father-in-law that I was getting, which was
not at all the kind I would have chosen: and the matter of how soon I
ought to speak to him, which was a delicate point on several sides.  In
the first place, when I thought how young I was I blushed all over, and
could almost have found it in my heart to have desisted; only that if
once I let them go from Leyden without explanation, I might lose her
altogether.  And in the second place, there was our very irregular
situation to be kept in view, and the rather scant measure of
satisfaction I had given James More that morning.  I concluded, on the
whole, that delay would not hurt anything, yet I would not delay too long
neither; and got to my cold bed with a full heart.

The next day, as James More seemed a little on the complaining hand in
the matter of my chamber, I offered to have in more furniture; and coming
in the afternoon, with porters bringing chairs and tables, found the girl
once more left to herself.  She greeted me on my admission civilly, but
withdrew at once to her own room, of which she shut the door.  I made my
disposition, and paid and dismissed the men so that she might hear them
go, when I supposed she would at once come forth again to speak to me.  I
waited yet awhile, then knocked upon her door.

“Catriona!” said I.

The door was opened so quickly, even before I had the word out, that I
thought she must have stood behind it listening.  She remained there in
the interval quite still; but she had a look that I cannot put a name on,
as of one in a bitter trouble.

“Are we not to have our walk to-day either?” so I faltered.

“I am thanking you,” said she.  “I will not be caring much to walk, now
that my father is come home.”

“But I think he has gone out himself and left you here alone,” said I.

“And do you think that was very kindly said?” she asked.

“It was not unkindly meant,” I replied.  “What ails you, Catriona?  What
have I done to you that you should turn from me like this?”

“I do not turn from you at all,” she said, speaking very carefully.  “I
will ever be grateful to my friend that was good to me; I will ever be
his friend in all that I am able.  But now that my father James More is
come again, there is a difference to be made, and I think there are some
things said and done that would be better to be forgotten.  But I will
ever be your friend in all that I am able, and if that is not all that . . . .
if it is not so much . . . . Not that you will be caring!  But I
would not have you think of me too hard.  It was true what you said to
me, that I was too young to be advised, and I am hoping you will remember
I was just a child.  I would not like to lose your friendship, at all

She began this very pale; but before she was done, the blood was in her
face like scarlet, so that not her words only, but her face and the
trembling of her very hands, besought me to be gentle.  I saw, for the
first time, how very wrong I had done to place the child in that
position, where she had been entrapped into a moment’s weakness, and now
stood before me like a person shamed.

“Miss Drummond,” I said, and stuck, and made the same beginning once
again, “I wish you could see into my heart,” I cried.  “You would read
there that my respect is undiminished.  If that were possible, I should
say it was increased.  This is but the result of the mistake we made; and
had to come; and the less said of it now the better.  Of all of our life
here, I promise you it shall never pass my lips; I would like to promise
you too that I would never think of it, but it’s a memory that will be
always dear to me.  And as for a friend, you have one here that would die
for you.”

“I am thanking you,” said she.

We stood awhile silent, and my sorrow for myself began to get the upper
hand; for here were all my dreams come to a sad tumble, and my love lost,
and myself alone again in the world as at the beginning.

“Well,” said I, “we shall be friends always, that’s a certain thing.  But
this is a kind of farewell, too: it’s a kind of a farewell after all; I
shall always ken Miss Drummond, but this is a farewell to my Catriona.”

I looked at her; I could hardly say I saw her, but she seemed to grow
great and brighten in my eyes; and with that I suppose I must have lost
my head, for I called out her name again and made a step at her with my
hands reached forth.

She shrank back like a person struck, her face flamed; but the blood
sprang no faster up into her cheeks, than what it flowed back upon my own
heart, at sight of it, with penitence and concern.  I found no words to
excuse myself, but bowed before her very deep, and went my ways out of
the house with death in my bosom.

I think it was about five days that followed without any change.  I saw
her scarce ever but at meals, and then of course in the company of James
More.  If we were alone even for a moment, I made it my devoir to behave
the more distantly and to multiply respectful attentions, having always
in my mind’s eye that picture of the girl shrinking and flaming in a
blush, and in my heart more pity for her than I could depict in words.  I
was sorry enough for myself, I need not dwell on that, having fallen all
my length and more than all my height in a few seconds; but, indeed, I
was near as sorry for the girl, and sorry enough to be scarce angry with
her save by fits and starts.  Her plea was good; she had been placed in
an unfair position; if she had deceived herself and me, it was no more
than was to have been looked for.

And for another thing she was now very much alone.  Her father, when he
was by, was rather a caressing parent; but he was very easy led away by
his affairs and pleasures, neglected her without compunction or remark,
spent his nights in taverns when he had the money, which was more often
than I could at all account for; and even in the course of these few
days, failed once to come to a meal, which Catriona and I were at last
compelled to partake of without him.  It was the evening meal, and I left
immediately that I had eaten, observing I supposed she would prefer to be
alone; to which she agreed and (strange as it may seem) I quite believed
her.  Indeed, I thought myself but an eyesore to the girl, and a reminder
of a moment’s weakness that she now abhorred to think of.  So she must
sit alone in that room where she and I had been so merry, and in the
blink of that chimney whose light had shone upon our many difficult and
tender moments.  There she must sit alone, and think of herself as of a
maid who had most unmaidenly proffered her affections and had the same
rejected.  And in the meanwhile I would be alone some other place, and
reading myself (whenever I was tempted to be angry) lessons upon human
frailty and female delicacy.  And altogether I suppose there were never
two poor fools made themselves more unhappy in a greater misconception.

As for James, he paid not so much heed to us, or to anything in nature
but his pocket, and his belly, and his own prating talk.  Before twelve
hours were gone he had raised a small loan of me; before thirty, he had
asked for a second and been refused.  Money and refusal he took with the
same kind of high good nature.  Indeed, he had an outside air of
magnanimity that was very well fitted to impose upon a daughter; and the
light in which he was constantly presented in his talk, and the man’s
fine presence and great ways went together pretty harmoniously.  So that
a man that had no business with him, and either very little penetration
or a furious deal of prejudice, might almost have been taken in.  To me,
after my first two interviews, he was as plain as print; I saw him to be
perfectly selfish, with a perfect innocency in the same; and I would
hearken to his swaggering talk (of arms, and “an old soldier,” and “a
poor Highland gentleman,” and “the strength of my country and my
friends”) as I might to the babbling of a parrot.

The odd thing was that I fancy he believed some part of it himself, or
did at times; I think he was so false all through that he scarce knew
when he was lying; and for one thing, his moments of dejection must have
been wholly genuine.  There were times when he would be the most silent,
affectionate, clinging creature possible, holding Catriona’s hand like a
big baby, and begging of me not to leave if I had any love to him; of
which, indeed, I had none, but all the more to his daughter.  He would
press and indeed beseech us to entertain him with our talk, a thing very
difficult in the state of our relations; and again break forth in
pitiable regrets for his own land and friends, or into Gaelic singing.

“This is one of the melancholy airs of my native land,” he would say.
“You may think it strange to see a soldier weep, and indeed it is to make
a near friend of you,” says he.  “But the notes of this singing are in my
blood, and the words come out of my heart.  And when I mind upon my red
mountains and the wild birds calling there, and the brave streams of
water running down, I would scarce think shame to weep before my
enemies.”  Then he would sing again, and translate to me pieces of the
song, with a great deal of boggling and much expressed contempt against
the English language.  “It says here,” he would say, “that the sun is
gone down, and the battle is at an end, and the brave chiefs are
defeated.  And it tells here how the stars see them fleeing into strange
countries or lying dead on the red mountain; and they will never more
shout the call of battle or wash their feet in the streams of the valley.
But if you had only some of this language, you would weep also because
the words of it are beyond all expression, and it is mere mockery to tell
you it in English.”

Well, I thought there was a good deal of mockery in the business, one way
and another; and yet, there was some feeling too, for which I hated him,
I think, the worst of all.  And it used to cut me to the quick to see
Catriona so much concerned for the old rogue, and weeping herself to see
him weep, when I was sure one half of his distress flowed from his last
night’s drinking in some tavern.  There were times when I was tempted to
lend him a round sum, and see the last of him for good; but this would
have been to see the last of Catriona as well, for which I was scarcely
so prepared; and besides, it went against my conscience to squander my
good money on one who was so little of a husband.


I believe it was about the fifth day, and I know at least that James was
in one of his fits of gloom, when I received three letters.  The first
was from Alan, offering to visit me in Leyden; the other two were out of
Scotland and prompted by the same affair, which was the death of my uncle
and my own complete accession to my rights.  Rankeillor’s was, of course,
wholly in the business view; Miss Grant’s was like herself, a little more
witty than wise, full of blame to me for not having written (though how
was I to write with such intelligence?) and of rallying talk about
Catriona, which it cut me to the quick to read in her very presence.

For it was of course in my own rooms that I found them, when I came to
dinner, so that I was surprised out of my news in the very first moment
of reading it.  This made a welcome diversion for all three of us, nor
could any have foreseen the ill consequences that ensued.  It was
accident that brought the three letters the same day, and that gave them
into my hand in the same room with James More; and of all the events that
flowed from that accident, and which I might have prevented if I had held
my tongue, the truth is that they were preordained before Agricola came
into Scotland or Abraham set out upon his travels.

The first that I opened was naturally Alan’s; and what more natural than
that I should comment on his design to visit me? but I observed James to
sit up with an air of immediate attention.

“Is that not Alan Breck that was suspected of the Appin accident?” he

I told him, “Ay,” it was the same; and he withheld me some time from my
other letters, asking of our acquaintance, of Alan’s manner of life in
France, of which I knew very little, and further of his visit as now

“All we forfeited folk hang a little together,” he explained, “and
besides I know the gentleman: and though his descent is not the thing,
and indeed he has no true right to use the name of Stewart, he was very
much admired in the day of Drummossie.  He did there like a soldier; if
some that need not be named had done as well, the upshot need not have
been so melancholy to remember.  There were two that did their best that
day, and it makes a bond between the pair of us,” says he.

I could scarce refrain from shooting out my tongue at him, and could
almost have wished that Alan had been there to have inquired a little
further into that mention of his birth.  Though, they tell me, the same
was indeed not wholly regular.

Meanwhile, I had opened Miss Grant’s, and could not withhold an

“Catriona,” I cried, forgetting, the first time since her father was
arrived, to address her by a handle, “I am come into my kingdom fairly, I
am the laird of Shaws indeed—my uncle is dead at last.”

She clapped her hands together leaping from her seat.  The next moment it
must have come over both of us at once what little cause of joy was left
to either, and we stood opposite, staring on each other sadly.

But James showed himself a ready hypocrite.  “My daughter,” says he, “is
this how my cousin learned you to behave?  Mr. David has lost a new
friend, and we should first condole with him on his bereavement.”

“Troth, sir,” said I, turning to him in a kind of anger, “I can make no
such great faces.  His death is as blithe news as ever I got.”

“It’s a good soldier’s philosophy,” says James.  “’Tis the way of flesh,
we must all go, all go.  And if the gentleman was so far from your
favour, why, very well!  But we may at least congratulate you on your
accession to your estates.”

“Nor can I say that either,” I replied, with the same heat.  “It is a
good estate; what matters that to a lone man that has enough already?  I
had a good revenue before in my frugality; and but for the man’s
death—which gratifies me, shame to me that must confess it!—I see not how
anyone is to be bettered by this change.”

“Come, come,” said he, “you are more affected than you let on, or you
would never make yourself out so lonely.  Here are three letters; that
means three that wish you well; and I could name two more, here in this
very chamber.  I have known you not so very long, but Catriona, when we
are alone, is never done with the singing of your praises.”

She looked up at him, a little wild at that; and he slid off at once into
another matter, the extent of my estate, which (during the most of the
dinner time) he continued to dwell upon with interest.  But it was to no
purpose he dissembled; he had touched the matter with too gross a hand:
and I knew what to expect.  Dinner was scarce ate when he plainly
discovered his designs.  He reminded Catriona of an errand, and bid her
attend to it.  “I do not see you should be one beyond the hour,” he
added, “and friend David will be good enough to bear me company till you
return.”  She made haste to obey him without words.  I do not know if she
understood, I believe not; but I was completely satisfied, and sat
strengthening my mind for what should follow.

The door had scarce closed behind her departure, when the man leaned back
in his chair and addressed me with a good affectation of easiness.  Only
the one thing betrayed him, and that was his face; which suddenly shone
all over with fine points of sweat.

“I am rather glad to have a word alone with you,” says he, “because in
our first interview there were some expressions you misapprehended and I
have long meant to set you right upon.  My daughter stands beyond doubt.
So do you, and I would make that good with my sword against all
gainsayers.  But, my dear David, this world is a censorious place—as who
should know it better than myself, who have lived ever since the days of
my late departed father, God sain him! in a perfect spate of calumnies?
We have to face to that; you and me have to consider of that; we have to
consider of that.”  And he wagged his head like a minister in a pulpit.

“To what effect, Mr. Drummond?” said I.  “I would be obliged to you if
you would approach your point.”

“Ay, ay,” said he, laughing, “like your character, indeed! and what I
most admire in it.  But the point, my worthy fellow, is sometimes in a
kittle bit.”  He filled a glass of wine.  “Though between you and me,
that are such fast friends, it need not bother us long.  The point, I
need scarcely tell you, is my daughter.  And the first thing is that I
have no thought in my mind of blaming you.  In the unfortunate
circumstances, what could you do else?  ’Deed, and I cannot tell.”

“I thank you for that,” said I, pretty close upon my guard.

“I have besides studied your character,” he went on; “your talents are
fair; you seem to have a moderate competence, which does no harm; and one
thing with another, I am very happy to have to announce to you that I
have decided on the latter of the two ways open.”

“I am afraid I am dull,” said I.  “What ways are these?”

He bent his brows upon me formidably and uncrossed his legs.  “Why, sir,”
says he, “I think I need scarce describe them to a gentleman of your
condition; either that I should cut your throat or that you should marry
my daughter.”

“You are pleased to be quite plain at last,” said I.

“And I believe I have been plain from the beginning!” cries he
robustiously.  “I am a careful parent, Mr. Balfour; but I thank God, a
patient and deleeborate man.  There is many a father, sir, that would
have hirsled you at once either to the altar or the field.  My esteem for
your character—”

“Mr. Drummond,” I interrupted, “if you have any esteem for me at all, I
will beg of you to moderate your voice.  It is quite needless to rowt at
a gentleman in the same chamber with yourself and lending you his best

“Why, very true,” says he, with an immediate change.  “And you must
excuse the agitations of a parent.”

“I understand you then,” I continued—“for I will take no note of your
other alternative, which perhaps it was a pity you let fall—I understand
you rather to offer me encouragement in case I should desire to apply for
your daughter’s hand?”

“It is not possible to express my meaning better,” said he, “and I see we
shall do well together.”

“That remains to be yet seen,” said I.  “But so much I need make no
secret of, that I bear the lady you refer to the most tender affection,
and I could not fancy, even in a dream, a better fortune than to get

“I was sure of it, I felt certain of you, David,” he cried, and reached
out his hand to me.

I put it by.  “You go too fast, Mr. Drummond,” said I.  “There are
conditions to be made; and there is a difficulty in the path, which I see
not entirely how we shall come over.  I have told you that, upon my side,
there is no objection to the marriage, but I have good reason to believe
there will be much on the young lady’s.”

“This is all beside the mark,” says he.  “I will engage for her

“I think you forget, Mr. Drummond,” said I, “that, even in dealing with
myself, you have been betrayed into two-three unpalatable expressions.  I
will have none such employed to the young lady.  I am here to speak and
think for the two of us; and I give you to understand that I would no
more let a wife be forced upon myself, than what I would let a husband be
forced on the young lady.”

He sat and glowered at me like one in doubt and a good deal of temper.

“So that is to be the way of it,” I concluded.  “I will marry Miss
Drummond, and that blithely, if she is entirely willing.  But if there be
the least unwillingness, as I have reason to fear—marry her will I

“Well well,” said he, “this is a small affair.  As soon as she returns I
will sound her a bit, and hope to reassure you—”

But I cut in again.  “Not a finger of you, Mr. Drummond, or I cry off,
and you can seek a husband to your daughter somewhere else,” said I.  “It
is I that am to be the only dealer and the only judge.  I shall satisfy
myself exactly; and none else shall anyways meddle—you the least of all.”

“Upon my word, sir!” he exclaimed, “and who are you to be the judge?”

“The bridegroom, I believe,” said I.

“This is to quibble,” he cried.  “You turn your back upon the fact.  The
girl, my daughter, has no choice left to exercise.  Her character is

“And I ask your pardon,” said I, “but while this matter lies between her
and you and me, that is not so.”

“What security have I!” he cried.  “Am I to let my daughter’s reputation
depend upon a chance?”

“You should have thought of all this long ago,” said I, “before you were
so misguided as to lose her; and not afterwards when it is quite too
late.  I refuse to regard myself as any way accountable for your neglect,
and I will be browbeat by no man living.  My mind is quite made up, and
come what may, I will not depart from it a hair’s breadth.  You and me
are to sit here in company till her return: upon which, without either
word or look from you, she and I are to go forth again to hold our talk.
If she can satisfy me that she is willing to this step, I will then make
it; and if she cannot, I will not.”

He leaped out of his chair like a man stung.  “I can spy your manœuvre,”
he cried; “you would work upon her to refuse!”

“Maybe ay, and maybe no,” said I.  “That is the way it is to be,

“And if I refuse?” cries he.

“Then, Mr. Drummond, it will have to come to the throat-cutting,” said I.

What with the size of the man, his great length of arm in which he came
near rivalling his father, and his reputed skill at weapons, I did not
use this word without trepidation, to say nothing at all of the
circumstance that he was Catriona’s father.  But I might have spared
myself alarms.  From the poorness of my lodging—he does not seem to have
remarked his daughter’s dresses, which were indeed all equally new to
him—and from the fact that I had shown myself averse to lend, he had
embraced a strong idea of my poverty.  The sudden news of my estate
convinced him of his error, and he had made but the one bound of it on
this fresh venture, to which he was now so wedded, that I believe he
would have suffered anything rather than fall to the alternative of

A little while longer he continued to dispute with me, until I hit upon a
word that silenced him.

“If I find you so averse to let me see the lady by herself,” said I, “I
must suppose you have very good grounds to think me in the right about
her unwillingness.”

He gabbled some kind of an excuse.

“But all this is very exhausting to both of our tempers,” I added, “and I
think we would do better to preserve a judicious silence.”

The which we did until the girl returned, and I must suppose would have
cut a very ridiculous figure had there been any there to view us.


I opened the door to Catriona and stopped her on the threshold.

“Your father wishes us to take our walk,” said I.

She looked to James More, who nodded, and at that, like a trained
soldier, she turned to go with me.

We took one of our old ways, where we had gone often together, and been
more happy than I can tell of in the past.  I came a half a step behind,
so that I could watch her unobserved.  The knocking of her little shoes
upon the way sounded extraordinary pretty and sad; and I thought it a
strange moment that I should be so near both ends of it at once, and walk
in the midst between two destinies, and could not tell whether I was
hearing these steps for the last time, or whether the sound of them was
to go in and out with me till death should part us.

She avoided even to look at me, only walked before her, like one who had
a guess of what was coming.  I saw I must speak soon before my courage
was run out, but where to begin I knew not.  In this painful situation,
when the girl was as good as forced into my arms and had already besought
my forbearance, any excess of pressure must have seemed indecent; yet to
avoid it wholly would have a very cold-like appearance.  Between these
extremes I stood helpless, and could have bit my fingers; so that, when
at last I managed to speak at all, it may be said I spoke at random.

“Catriona,” said I, “I am in a very painful situation; or rather, so we
are both; and I would be a good deal obliged to you if you would promise
to let me speak through first of all, and not to interrupt me till I have

She promised me that simply.

“Well,” said I, “this that I have got to say is very difficult, and I
know very well I have no right to be saying it.  After what passed
between the two of us last Friday, I have no manner of right.  We have
got so ravelled up (and all by my fault) that I know very well the least
I could do is just to hold my tongue, which was what I intended fully,
and there was nothing further from my thoughts than to have troubled you
again.  But, my dear, it has become merely necessary, and no way by it.
You see, this estate of mine has fallen in, which makes of me rather a
better match; and the—the business would not have quite the same
ridiculous-like appearance that it would before.  Besides which, it’s
supposed that our affairs have got so much ravelled up (as I was saying)
that it would be better to let them be the way they are.  In my view,
this part of the thing is vastly exagerate, and if I were you I would not
wear two thoughts on it.  Only it’s right I should mention the same,
because there’s no doubt it has some influence on James More.  Then I
think we were none so unhappy when we dwelt together in this town before.
I think we did pretty well together.  If you would look back, my dear—”

“I will look neither back nor forward,” she interrupted.  “Tell me the
one thing: this is my father’s doing?”

“He approves of it,” said I.  “He approved I that I should ask your hand
in marriage,” and was going on again with somewhat more of an appeal upon
her feelings; but she marked me not, and struck into the midst.

“He told you to!” she cried.  “It is no sense denying it, you said
yourself that there was nothing farther from your thoughts.  He told you

“He spoke of it the first, if that is what you mean,” I began.

She was walking ever the faster, and looking fain in front of her; but at
this she made a little noise in her head, and I thought she would have

“Without which,” I went on, “after what you said last Friday, I would
never have been so troublesome as make the offer.  But when he as good as
asked me, what was I to do?”

She stopped and turned round upon me.

“Well, it is refused at all events,” she cried, “and there will be an end
of that.”

And she began again to walk forward.

“I suppose I could expect no better,” said I, “but I think you might try
to be a little kind to me for the last end of it.  I see not why you
should be harsh.  I have loved you very well, Catriona—no harm that I
should call you so for the last time.  I have done the best that I could
manage, I am trying the same still, and only vexed that I can do no
better.  It is a strange thing to me that you can take any pleasure to be
hard to me.”

“I am not thinking of you,” she said, “I am thinking of that man, my

“Well, and that way, too!” said I.  “I can be of use to you that way,
too; I will have to be.  It is very needful, my dear, that we should
consult about your father; for the way this talk has gone, an angry man
will be James More.”

She stopped again.  “It is because I am disgraced?” she asked.

“That is what he is thinking,” I replied, “but I have told you already to
make nought of it.”

“It will be all one to me,” she cried.  “I prefer to be disgraced!”

I did not know very well what to answer, and stood silent.

There seemed to be something working in her bosom after that last cry;
presently she broke out, “And what is the meaning of all this?  Why is
all this shame loundered on my head?  How could you dare it, David

“My dear,” said I, “what else was I to do?”

“I am not your dear,” she said, “and I defy you to be calling me these

“I am not thinking of my words,” said I.  “My heart bleeds for you, Miss
Drummond.  Whatever I may say, be sure you have my pity in your difficult
position.  But there is just the one thing that I wish you would bear in
view, if it was only long enough to discuss it quietly; for there is
going to be a collieshangie when we two get home.  Take my word for it,
it will need the two of us to make this matter end in peace.”

“Ay,” said she.  There sprang a patch of red in either of her cheeks.
“Was he for fighting you?” said she.

“Well, he was that,” said I.

She gave a dreadful kind of laugh.  “At all events, it is complete!” she
cried.  And then turning on me.  “My father and I are a fine pair,” said
she, “but I am thanking the good God there will be somebody worse than
what we are.  I am thanking the good God that he has let me see you so.
There will never be the girl made that will not scorn you.”

I had borne a good deal pretty patiently, but this was over the mark.

“You have no right to speak to me like that,” said I.  “What have I done
but to be good to you, or try to be?  And here is my repayment!  O, it is
too much.”

She kept looking at me with a hateful smile.  “Coward!” said she.

“The word in your throat and in your father’s!” I cried.  “I have dared
him this day already in your interest.  I will dare him again, the nasty
pole-cat; little I care which of us should fall!  Come,” said I, “back to
the house with us; let us be done with it, let me be done with the whole
Hieland crew of you!  You will see what you think when I am dead.”

She shook her head at me with that same smile I could have struck her

“O, smile away!” I cried.  “I have seen your bonny father smile on the
wrong side this day.  Not that I mean he was afraid, of course,” I added
hastily, “but he preferred the other way of it.”

“What is this?” she asked.

“When I offered to draw with him,” said I.

“You offered to draw upon James More!” she cried.

“And I did so,” said I, “and found him backward enough, or how would we
be here?”

“There is a meaning upon this,” said she.  “What is it you are meaning?”

“He was to make you take me,” I replied, “and I would not have it.  I
said you should be free, and I must speak with you alone; little I
supposed it would be such a speaking!  ‘_And what if I refuse_?’ said
he.—‘_Then it must come to the throat-cutting_,’ says I, ‘_for I will no
more have a husband forced on that young lady_, _than what I would have a
wife forced upon myself_.’  These were my words, they were a friend’s
words; bonnily have I paid for them!  Now you have refused me of your own
clear free will, and there lives no father in the Highlands, or out of
them, that can force on this marriage.  I will see that your wishes are
respected; I will make the same my business, as I have all through.  But
I think you might have that decency as to affect some gratitude.  ’Deed,
and I thought you knew me better!  I have not behaved quite well to you,
but that was weakness.  And to think me a coward, and such a coward as
that—O, my lass, there was a stab for the last of it!”

“Davie, how would I guess?” she cried.  “O, this is a dreadful business!
Me and mine,”—she gave a kind of a wretched cry at the word—“me and mine
are not fit to speak to you.  O, I could be kneeling down to you in the
street, I could be kissing your hands for forgiveness!”

“I will keep the kisses I have got from you already,” cried I.  “I will
keep the ones I wanted and that were something worth; I will not be
kissed in penitence.”

“What can you be thinking of this miserable girl?” says she.

“What I am trying to tell you all this while!” said I, “that you had best
leave me alone, whom you can make no more unhappy if you tried, and turn
your attention to James More, your father, with whom you are like to have
a queer pirn to wind.”

“O, that I must be going out into the world alone with such a man!” she
cried, and seemed to catch herself in with a great effort.  “But trouble
yourself no more for that,” said she.  “He does not know what kind of
nature is in my heart.  He will pay me dear for this day of it; dear,
dear, will he pay.”

She turned, and began to go home and I to accompany her.  At which she

“I will be going alone,” she said.  “It is alone I must be seeing him.”

Some little time I raged about the streets, and told myself I was the
worst used lad in Christendom.  Anger choked me; it was all very well for
me to breathe deep; it seemed there was not air enough about Leyden to
supply me, and I thought I would have burst like a man at the bottom of
the sea.  I stopped and laughed at myself at a street corner a minute
together, laughing out loud, so that a passenger looked at me, which
brought me to myself.

“Well,” I thought, “I have been a gull and a ninny and a soft Tommy long
enough.  Time it was done.  Here is a good lesson to have nothing to do
with that accursed sex, that was the ruin of the man in the beginning and
will be so to the end.  God knows I was happy enough before ever I saw
her; God knows I can be happy enough again when I have seen the last of

That seemed to me the chief affair: to see them go.  I dwelled upon the
idea fiercely; and presently slipped on, in a kind of malevolence, to
consider how very poorly they were likely to fare when Davie Balfour was
no longer by to be their milk-cow; at which, to my very own great
surprise, the disposition of my mind turned bottom up.  I was still
angry; I still hated her; and yet I thought I owed it to myself that she
should suffer nothing.

This carried me home again at once, where I found the mails drawn out and
ready fastened by the door, and the father and daughter with every mark
upon them of a recent disagreement.  Catriona was like a wooden doll;
James More breathed hard, his face was dotted with white spots, and his
nose upon one side.  As soon as I came in, the girl looked at him with a
steady, clear, dark look that might have been followed by a blow.  It was
a hint that was more contemptuous than a command, and I was surprised to
see James More accept it.  It was plain he had had a master talking-to;
and I could see there must be more of the devil in the girl than I had
guessed, and more good humour about the man than I had given him the
credit of.

He began, at least, calling me Mr. Balfour, and plainly speaking from a
lesson; but he got not very far, for at the first pompous swell of his
voice, Catriona cut in.

“I will tell you what James More is meaning,” said she.  “He means we
have come to you, beggar-folk, and have not behaved to you very well, and
we are ashamed of our ingratitude and ill-behaviour.  Now we are wanting
to go away and be forgotten; and my father will have guided his gear so
ill, that we cannot even do that unless you will give us some more alms.
For that is what we are, at an events, beggar-folk and sorners.”

“By your leave, Miss Drummond,” said I, “I must speak to your father by

She went into her own room and shut the door, without a word or a look.

“You must excuse her, Mr. Balfour,” says James More.  “She has no

“I am not here to discuss that with you,” said I, “but to be quit of you.
And to that end I must talk of your position.  Now, Mr. Drummond, I have
kept the run of your affairs more closely than you bargained for.  I know
you had money of your own when you were borrowing mine.  I know you have
had more since you were here in Leyden, though you concealed it even from
your daughter.”

“I bid you beware.  I will stand no more baiting,” he broke out.  “I am
sick of her and you.  What kind of a damned trade is this to be a parent!
I have had expressions used to me—”  There he broke off.  “Sir, this is
the heart of a soldier and a parent,” he went on again, laying his hand
on his bosom, “outraged in both characters—and I bid you beware.”

“If you would have let me finish,” says I, “you would have found I spoke
for your advantage.”

“My dear friend,” he cried, “I know I might have relied upon the
generosity of your character.”

“Man! will you let me speak?” said I.  “The fact is that I cannot win to
find out if you are rich or poor.  But it is my idea that your means, as
they are mysterious in their source, so they are something insufficient
in amount; and I do not choose your daughter to be lacking.  If I durst
speak to herself, you may be certain I would never dream of trusting it
to you; because I know you like the back of my hand, and all your
blustering talk is that much wind to me.  However, I believe in your way
you do still care something for your daughter after all; and I must just
be doing with that ground of confidence, such as it is.”

Whereupon, I arranged with him that he was to communicate with me, as to
his whereabouts and Catriona’s welfare, in consideration of which I was
to serve him a small stipend.

He heard the business out with a great deal of eagerness; and when it was
done, “My dear fellow, my dear son,” he cried out, “this is more like
yourself than any of it yet!  I will serve you with a soldier’s

“Let me hear no more of it!” says I.  “You have got me to that pitch that
the bare name of soldier rises on my stomach.  Our traffic is settled; I
am now going forth and will return in one half-hour, when I expect to
find my chambers purged of you.”

I gave them good measure of time; it was my one fear that I might see
Catriona again, because tears and weakness were ready in my heart, and I
cherished my anger like a piece of dignity.  Perhaps an hour went by; the
sun had gone down, a little wisp of a new moon was following it across a
scarlet sunset; already there were stars in the east, and in my chambers,
when at last I entered them, the night lay blue.  I lit a taper and
reviewed the rooms; in the first there remained nothing so much as to
awake a memory of those who were gone; but in the second, in a corner of
the floor, I spied a little heap that brought my heart into my mouth.
She had left behind at her departure all that she had ever had of me.  It
was the blow that I felt sorest, perhaps because it was the last; and I
fell upon that pile of clothing and behaved myself more foolish than I
care to tell of.

Late in the night, in a strict frost, and my teeth chattering, I came
again by some portion of my manhood and considered with myself.  The
sight of these poor frocks and ribbons, and her shifts, and the clocked
stockings, was not to be endured; and if I were to recover any constancy
of mind, I saw I must be rid of them ere the morning.  It was my first
thought to have made a fire and burned them; but my disposition has
always been opposed to wastery, for one thing; and for another, to have
burned these things that she had worn so close upon her body seemed in
the nature of a cruelty.  There was a corner cupboard in that chamber;
there I determined to bestow them.  The which I did and made it a long
business, folding them with very little skill indeed but the more care;
and sometimes dropping them with my tears.  All the heart was gone out of
me, I was weary as though I had run miles, and sore like one beaten;
when, as I was folding a kerchief that she wore often at her neck, I
observed there was a corner neatly cut from it.  It was a kerchief of a
very pretty hue, on which I had frequently remarked; and once that she
had it on, I remembered telling her (by way of a banter) that she wore my
colours.  There came a glow of hope and like a tide of sweetness in my
bosom; and the next moment I was plunged back in a fresh despair.  For
there was the corner crumpled in a knot and cast down by itself in
another part of the floor.

But when I argued with myself, I grew more hopeful.  She had cut that
corner off in some childish freak that was manifestly tender; that she
had cast it away again was little to be wondered at; and I was inclined
to dwell more upon the first than upon the second, and to be more pleased
that she had ever conceived the idea of that keepsake, than concerned
because she had flung it from her in an hour of natural resentment.


Altogether, then, I was scare so miserable the next days but what I had
many hopeful and happy snatches; threw myself with a good deal of
constancy upon my studies; and made out to endure the time till Alan
should arrive, or I might hear word of Catriona by the means of James
More.  I had altogether three letters in the time of our separation.  One
was to announce their arrival in the town of Dunkirk in France, from
which place James shortly after started alone upon a private mission.
This was to England and to see Lord Holderness; and it has always been a
bitter thought that my good money helped to pay the charges of the same.
But he has need of a long spoon who soups with the de’il, or James More
either.  During this absence, the time was to fall due for another
letter; and as the letter was the condition of his stipend, he had been
so careful as to prepare it beforehand and leave it with Catriona to be
despatched.  The fact of our correspondence aroused her suspicions, and
he was no sooner gone than she had burst the seal.  What I received began
accordingly in the writing of James More:

    “My dear Sir,—Your esteemed favour came to hand duly, and I have to
    acknowledge the inclosure according to agreement.  It shall be all
    faithfully expended on my daughter, who is well, and desires to be
    remembered to her dear friend.  I find her in rather a melancholy
    disposition, but trust in the mercy of God to see her re-established.
    Our manner of life is very much alone, but we solace ourselves with
    the melancholy tunes of our native mountains, and by walking up the
    margin of the sea that lies next to Scotland.  It was better days
    with me when I lay with five wounds upon my body on the field of
    Gladsmuir.  I have found employment here in the _haras_ of a French
    nobleman, where my experience is valued.  But, my dear Sir, the wages
    are so exceedingly unsuitable that I would be ashamed to mention
    them, which makes your remittances the more necessary to my
    daughter’s comfort, though I daresay the sight of old friends would
    be still better.

                                                             “My dear Sir,
                                     “Your affectionate, obedient servant,
                                               “JAMES MACGREGOR DRUMMOND.”

Below it began again in the hand of Catriona:—

    “Do not be believing him, it is all lies together,—C. M. D.”

Not only did she add this postscript, but I think she must have come near
suppressing the letter; for it came long after date, and was closely
followed by the third.  In the time betwixt them, Alan had arrived, and
made another life to me with his merry conversation; I had been presented
to his cousin of the Scots-Dutch, a man that drank more than I could have
thought possible and was not otherwise of interest; I had been
entertained to many jovial dinners and given some myself, all with no
great change upon my sorrow; and we two (by which I mean Alan and myself,
and not at all the cousin) had discussed a good deal the nature of my
relations with James More and his daughter.  I was naturally diffident to
give particulars; and this disposition was not anyway lessened by the
nature of Alan’s commentary upon those I gave.

“I cannae make heed nor tail of it,” he would say, “but it sticks in my
mind ye’ve made a gowk of yourself.  There’s few people that has had more
experience than Alan Breck: and I can never call to mind to have heard
tell of a lassie like this one of yours.  The way that you tell it, the
thing’s fair impossible.  Ye must have made a terrible hash of the
business, David.”

“There are whiles that I am of the same mind,” said I.

“The strange thing is that ye seem to have a kind of fancy for her too!”
said Alan.

“The biggest kind, Alan,” said I, “and I think I’ll take it to my grave
with me.”

“Well, ye beat me, whatever!” he would conclude.

I showed him the letter with Catriona’s postscript.  “And here again!” he
cried.  “Impossible to deny a kind of decency to this Catriona, and sense
forby!  As for James More, the man’s as boss as a drum; he’s just a wame
and a wheen words; though I’ll can never deny that he fought reasonably
well at Gladsmuir, and it’s true what he says here about the five wounds.
But the loss of him is that the man’s boss.”

“Ye see, Alan,” said I, “it goes against the grain with me to leave the
maid in such poor hands.”

“Ye couldnae weel find poorer,” he admitted.  “But what are ye to do with
it?  It’s this way about a man and a woman, ye see, Davie: The weemenfolk
have got no kind of reason to them.  Either they like the man, and then
a’ goes fine; or else they just detest him, and ye may spare your
breath—ye can do naething.  There’s just the two sets of them—them that
would sell their coats for ye, and them that never look the road ye’re
on.  That’s a’ that there is to women; and you seem to be such a gomeral
that ye cannae tell the tane frae the tither.”

“Well, and I’m afraid that’s true for me,” said I.

“And yet there’s naething easier!” cried Alan.  “I could easy learn ye
the science of the thing; but ye seem to me to be born blind, and there’s
where the deefficulty comes in.”

“And can _you_ no help me?” I asked, “you that are so clever at the

“Ye see, David, I wasnae here,” said he.  “I’m like a field officer that
has naebody but blind men for scouts and _éclaireurs_; and what would he
ken?  But it sticks in my mind that ye’ll have made some kind of bauchle;
and if I was you I would have a try at her again.”

“Would ye so, man Alan?” said I.

“I would e’en’t,” says he.

The third letter came to my hand while we were deep in some such talk:
and it will be seen how pat it fell to the occasion.  James professed to
be in some concern upon his daughter’s health, which I believe was never
better; abounded in kind expressions to myself; and finally proposed that
I should visit them at Dunkirk.

“You will now be enjoying the society of my old comrade Mr. Stewart,” he
wrote.  “Why not accompany him so far in his return to France?  I have
something very particular for Mr. Stewart’s ear; and, at any rate, I
would be pleased to meet in with an old fellow-soldier and one so mettle
as himself.  As for you, my dear sir, my daughter and I would be proud to
receive our benefactor, whom we regard as a brother and a son.  The
French nobleman has proved a person of the most filthy avarice of
character, and I have been necessitate to leave the _haras_.  You will
find us in consequence a little poorly lodged in the _auberge_ of a man
Bazin on the dunes; but the situation is caller, and I make no doubt but
we might spend some very pleasant days, when Mr. Stewart and I could
recall our services, and you and my daughter divert yourselves in a
manner more befitting your age.  I beg at least that Mr. Stewart would
come here; my business with him opens a very wide door.”

“What does the man want with me?” cried Alan, when he had read.  “What he
wants with you is clear enough—it’s siller.  But what can he want with
Alan Breck?”

“O, it’ll be just an excuse,” said I.  “He is still after this marriage,
which I wish from my heart that we could bring about.  And he asks you
because he thinks I would be less likely to come wanting you.”

“Well, I wish that I kent,” says Alan.  “Him and me were never onyways
pack; we used to girn at ither like a pair of pipers.  ‘Something for my
ear,’ quo’ he!  I’ll maybe have something for his hinder-end, before
we’re through with it.  Dod, I’m thinking it would be a kind of
divertisement to gang and see what he’ll be after!  Forby that I could
see your lassie then.  What say ye, Davie?  Will ye ride with Alan?”

You may be sure I was not backward, and Alan’s furlough running towards
an end, we set forth presently upon this joint adventure.

It was near dark of a January day when we rode at last into the town of
Dunkirk.  We left our horses at the post, and found a guide to Bazin’s
Inn, which lay beyond the walls.  Night was quite fallen, so that we were
the last to leave that fortress, and heard the doors of it close behind
us as we passed the bridge.  On the other side there lay a lighted
suburb, which we thridded for a while, then turned into a dark lane, and
presently found ourselves wading in the night among deep sand where we
could hear a bullering of the sea.  We travelled in this fashion for some
while, following our conductor mostly by the sound of his voice; and I
had begun to think he was perhaps misleading us, when we came to the top
of a small brae, and there appeared out of the darkness a dim light in a

“_Voilà l’auberge à Bazin_,” says the guide.

Alan smacked his lips.  “An unco lonely bit,” said he, and I thought by
his tone he was not wholly pleased.

A little after, and we stood in the lower storey of that house, which was
all in the one apartment, with a stairs leading to the chambers at the
side, benches and tables by the wall, the cooking fire at the one end of
it, and shelves of bottles and the cellar-trap at the other.  Here Bazin,
who was an ill-looking, big man, told us the Scottish gentleman was gone
abroad he knew not where, but the young lady was above, and he would call
her down to us.

I took from my breast that kerchief wanting the corner, and knotted it
about my throat.  I could hear my heart go; and Alan patting me on the
shoulder with some of his laughable expressions, I could scarce refrain
from a sharp word.  But the time was not long to wait.  I heard her step
pass overhead, and saw her on the stair.  This she descended very
quietly, and greeted me with a pale face and a certain seeming of
earnestness, or uneasiness, in her manner that extremely dashed me.

“My father, James More, will be here soon.  He will be very pleased to
see you,” she said.  And then of a sudden her face flamed, her eyes
lightened, the speech stopped upon her lips; and I made sure she had
observed the kerchief.  It was only for a breath that she was
discomposed; but methought it was with a new animation that she turned to
welcome Alan.  “And you will be his friend, Alan Breck?” she cried.
“Many is the dozen times I will have heard him tell of you; and I love
you already for all your bravery and goodness.”

“Well, well,” says Alan, holding her hand in his and viewing her, “and so
this is the young lady at the last of it!  David, ye’re an awful poor
hand of a description.”

I do not know that ever I heard him speak so straight to people’s hearts;
the sound of his voice was like song.

“What? will he have been describing me?” she cried.

“Little else of it since I ever came out of France!” says he, “forby a
bit of a speciment one night in Scotland in a shaw of wood by
Silvermills.  But cheer up, my dear! ye’re bonnier than what he said.
And now there’s one thing sure; you and me are to be a pair of friends.
I’m a kind of a henchman to Davie here; I’m like a tyke at his heels; and
whatever he cares for, I’ve got to care for too—and by the holy airn!
they’ve got to care for me!  So now you can see what way you stand with
Alan Breck, and ye’ll find ye’ll hardly lose on the transaction.  He’s no
very bonnie, my dear, but he’s leal to them he loves.”

“I thank you from my heart for your good words,” said she.  “I have that
honour for a brave, honest man that I cannot find any to be answering

Using travellers’ freedom, we spared to wait for James More, and sat down
to meat, we threesome.  Alan had Catriona sit by him and wait upon his
wants: he made her drink first out of his glass, he surrounded her with
continual kind gallantries, and yet never gave me the most small occasion
to be jealous; and he kept the talk so much in his own hand, and that in
so merry a note, that neither she nor I remembered to be embarrassed.  If
any had seen us there, it must have been supposed that Alan was the old
friend and I the stranger.  Indeed, I had often cause to love and to
admire the man, but I never loved or admired him better than that night;
and I could not help remarking to myself (what I was sometimes rather in
danger of forgetting) that he had not only much experience of life, but
in his own way a great deal of natural ability besides.  As for Catriona,
she seemed quite carried away; her laugh was like a peal of bells, her
face gay as a May morning; and I own, although I was well pleased, yet I
was a little sad also, and thought myself a dull, stockish character in
comparison of my friend, and very unfit to come into a young maid’s life,
and perhaps ding down her gaiety.

But if that was like to be my part, I found that at least I was not alone
in it; for, James More returning suddenly, the girl was changed into a
piece of stone.  Through the rest of that evening, until she made an
excuse and slipped to bed, I kept an eye upon her without cease; and I
can bear testimony that she never smiled, scarce spoke, and looked mostly
on the board in front of her.  So that I really marvelled to see so much
devotion (as it used to be) changed into the very sickness of hate.

Of James More it is unnecessary to say much; you know the man already,
what there was to know of him; and I am weary of writing out his lies.
Enough that he drank a great deal, and told us very little that was to
any possible purpose.  As for the business with Alan, that was to be
reserved for the morrow and his private hearing.

It was the more easy to be put off, because Alan and I were pretty weary
with four day’s ride, and sat not very late after Catriona.

We were soon alone in a chamber where we were to make-shift with a single
bed.  Alan looked on me with a queer smile.

“Ye muckle ass!” said he.

“What do ye mean by that?” I cried.

“Mean?  What do I mean!  It’s extraordinar, David man,” say he, “that you
should be so mortal stupit.”

Again I begged him to speak out.

“Well, it’s this of it,” said he.  “I told ye there were the two kinds of
women—them that would sell their shifts for ye, and the others.  Just you
try for yoursel, my bonny man!  But what’s that neepkin at your craig?”

I told him.

“I thocht it was something thereabout,” said he.

Nor would he say another word though I besieged him long with


Daylight showed us how solitary the inn stood.  It was plainly hard upon
the sea, yet out of all view of it, and beset on every side with scabbit
hills of sand.  There was, indeed, only one thing in the nature of a
prospect, where there stood out over a brae the two sails of a windmill,
like an ass’s ears, but with the ass quite hidden.  It was strange (after
the wind rose, for at first it was dead calm) to see the turning and
following of each other of these great sails behind the hillock.  Scarce
any road came by there; but a number of footways travelled among the
bents in all directions up to Mr. Bazin’s door.  The truth is, he was a
man of many trades, not any one of them honest, and the position of his
inn was the best of his livelihood.  Smugglers frequented it; political
agents and forfeited persons bound across the water came there to await
their passages; and I daresay there was worse behind, for a whole family
might have been butchered in that house and nobody the wiser.

I slept little and ill.  Long ere it was day, I had slipped from beside
my bedfellow, and was warming myself at the fire or walking to and fro
before the door.  Dawn broke mighty sullen; but a little after, sprang up
a wind out of the west, which burst the clouds, let through the sun, and
set the mill to the turning.  There was something of spring in the
sunshine, or else it was in my heart; and the appearing of the great
sails one after another from behind the hill, diverted me extremely.  At
times I could hear a creak of the machinery; and by half-past eight of
the day, and I thought this dreary, desert place was like a paradise.

For all which, as the day drew on and nobody came near, I began to be
aware of an uneasiness that I could scarce explain.  It seemed there was
trouble afoot; the sails of the windmill, as they came up and went down
over the hill, were like persons spying; and outside of all fancy, it was
surely a strange neighbourhood and house for a young lady to be brought
to dwell in.

At breakfast, which we took late, it was manifest that James More was in
some danger or perplexity; manifest that Alan was alive to the same, and
watched him close; and this appearance of duplicity upon the one side,
and vigilance upon the other, held me on live coals.  The meal was no
sooner over than James seemed to come began to make apologies.  He had an
appointment of a private nature in the town (it was with the French
nobleman, he told me), and we would please excuse him till about noon.
Meanwhile he carried his daughter aside to the far end of the room, where
he seemed to speak rather earnestly and she to listen with much

“I am caring less and less about this man James,” said Alan.  “There’s
something no right with the man James, and I shouldnae wonder but what
Alan Breck would give an eye to him this day.  I would like fine to see
yon French nobleman, Davie; and I daresay you could find an employ to
yoursel, and that would be to speir at the lassie for some news o’ your
affair.  Just tell it to her plainly—tell her ye’re a muckle ass at the
off-set; and then, if I were you, and ye could do it naitural, I would
just mint to her I was in some kind of a danger; a’ weemenfolk likes

“I cannae lee, Alan, I cannae do it naitural,” says I, mocking him.

“The more fool you!” says he.  “Then ye’ll can tell her that I
recommended it; that’ll set her to the laughing; and I wouldnae wonder
but what that was the next best.  But see to the pair of them!  If I
didnae feel just sure of the lassie, and that she was awful pleased and
chief with Alan, I would think there was some kind of hocus-pocus about

“And is she so pleased with ye, then, Alan?” I asked.

“She thinks a heap of me,” says he.  “And I’m no like you: I’m one that
can tell.  That she does—she thinks a heap of Alan.  And troth! I’m
thinking a good deal of him mysel; and with your permission, Shaws, I’ll
be getting a wee yont amang the bents, so that I can see what way James

One after another went, till I was left alone beside the breakfast table;
James to Dunkirk, Alan dogging him, Catriona up the stairs to her own
chamber.  I could very well understand how she should avoid to be alone
with me; yet was none the better pleased with it for that, and bent my
mind to entrap her to an interview before the men returned.  Upon the
whole, the best appeared to me to do like Alan.  If I was out of view
among the sandhills, the fine morning would decoy her forth; and once I
had her in the open, I could please myself.

No sooner said than done; nor was I long under the bield of a hillock
before she appeared at the inn door, looked here and there, and (seeing
nobody) set out by a path that led directly seaward, and by which I
followed her.  I was in no haste to make my presence known; the further
she went I made sure of the longer hearing to my suit; and the ground
being all sandy it was easy to follow her unheard.  The path rose and
came at last to the head of a knowe.  Thence I had a picture for the
first time of what a desolate wilderness that inn stood hidden in; where
was no man to be seen, nor any house of man, except just Bazin’s and the
windmill.  Only a little further on, the sea appeared and two or three
ships upon it, pretty as a drawing.  One of these was extremely close in
to be so great a vessel; and I was aware of a shock of new suspicion,
when I recognised the trim of the _Seahorse_.  What should an English
ship be doing so near in to France?  Why was Alan brought into her
neighbourhood, and that in a place so far from any hope of rescue? and
was it by accident, or by design, that the daughter of James More should
walk that day to the seaside?

Presently I came forth behind her in the front of the sandhills and above
the beach.  It was here long and solitary; with a man-o’-war’s boat drawn
up about the middle of the prospect, and an officer in charge and pacing
the sands like one who waited.  I sat down where the rough grass a good
deal covered me, and looked for what should follow.  Catriona went
straight to the boat; the officer met her with civilities; they had ten
words together; I saw a letter changing hands; and there was Catriona
returning.  At the same time, as if this were all her business on the
Continent, the boat shoved off and was headed for the _Seahorse_.  But I
observed the officer to remain behind and disappear among the bents.

I liked the business little; and the more I considered of it, liked it
less.  Was it Alan the officer was seeking? or Catriona?  She drew near
with her head down, looking constantly on the sand, and made so tender a
picture that I could not bear to doubt her innocence.  The next, she
raised her face and recognised me; seemed to hesitate, and then came on
again, but more slowly, and I thought with a changed colour.  And at that
thought, all else that was upon my bosom—fears, suspicions, the care of
my friend’s life—was clean swallowed up; and I rose to my feet and stood
waiting her in a drunkenness of hope.

I gave her “good morning” as she came up, which she returned with a good
deal of composure.

“Will you forgive my having followed you?” said I.

“I know you are always meaning kindly,” she replied; and then, with a
little outburst, “but why will you be sending money to that man!  It must
not be.”

“I never sent it for him,” said I, “but for you, as you know well.”

“And you have no right to be sending it to either one of us,” she said.
“David, it is not right.”

“It is not, it is all wrong,” said I, “and I pray God he will help this
dull fellow (if it be at all possible) to make it better.  Catriona, this
is no kind of life for you to lead; and I ask your pardon for the word,
but yon man is no fit father to take care of you.”

“Do not be speaking of him, even!” was her cry.

“And I need speak of him no more; it is not of him that I am thinking, O,
be sure of that!” says I.  “I think of the one thing.  I have been alone
now this long time in Leyden; and when I was by way of at my studies,
still I was thinking of that.  Next Alan came, and I went among
soldier-men to their big dinners; and still I had the same thought.  And
it was the same before, when I had her there beside me.  Catriona, do you
see this napkin at my throat!  You cut a corner from it once and then
cast it from you.  They’re _your_ colours now; I wear them in my heart.
My dear, I cannot be wanting you.  O, try to put up with me!”

I stepped before her so as to intercept her walking on.

“Try to put up with me,” I was saying, “try and bear me with a little.”

Still she had never the word, and a fear began to rise in me like a fear
of death.

“Catriona,” I cried, gazing on her hard, “is it a mistake again?  Am I
quite lost?”

She raised her face to me, breathless.

“Do you want me, Davie, truly?” said she, and I scarce could hear her say

“I do that,” said I.  “O, sure you know it—I do that.”

“I have nothing left to give or to keep back,” said she.  “I was all
yours from the first day, if you would have had a gift of me!” she said.

This was on the summit of a brae; the place was windy and conspicuous, we
were to be seen there even from the English ship; but I kneeled down
before her in the sand, and embraced her knees, and burst into that storm
of weeping that I thought it must have broken me.  All thought was wholly
beaten from my mind by the vehemency of my discomposure.  I knew not
where I was.  I had forgot why I was happy; only I knew she stooped, and
I felt her cherish me to her face and bosom, and heard her words out of a

“Davie,” she was saying, “O, Davie, is this what you think of me!  Is it
so that you were caring for poor me!  O, Davie, Davie!”

With that she wept also, and our tears were commingled in a perfect

It might have been ten in the day before I came to a clear sense of what
a mercy had befallen me; and sitting over against her, with her hands in
mine, gazed in her face, and laughed out loud for pleasure like a child,
and called her foolish and kind names.  I have never seen the place that
looked so pretty as those bents by Dunkirk; and the windmill sails, as
they bobbed over the knowe, were like a tune of music.

I know not how much longer we might have continued to forget all else
besides ourselves, had I not chanced upon a reference to her father,
which brought us to reality.

“My little friend,” I was calling her again and again, rejoicing to
summon up the past by the sound of it, and to gaze across on her, and to
be a little distant—“My little friend, now you are mine altogether; mine
for good, my little friend and that man’s no longer at all.”

There came a sudden whiteness in her face, she plucked her hands from

“Davie, take me away from him!” she cried.  “There’s something wrong;
he’s not true.  There will be something wrong; I have a dreadful terror
here at my heart.  What will he be wanting at all events with that King’s
ship?  What will this word be saying?”  And she held the letter forth.
“My mind misgives me, it will be some ill to Alan.  Open it, Davie—open
it and see.”

I took it, and looked at it, and shook my head.

“No,” said I, “it goes against me, I cannot open a man’s letter.”

“Not to save your friend?” she cried.

“I cannae tell,” said I.  “I think not.  If I was only sure!”

“And you have but to break the seal!” said she.

“I know it,” said I, “but the thing goes against me.”

“Give it here,” said she, “and I will open it myself.”

“Nor you neither,” said I.  “You least of all.  It concerns your father,
and his honour, dear, which we are both misdoubting.  No question but the
place is dangerous-like, and the English ship being here, and your father
having word from it, and yon officer that stayed ashore.  He would not be
alone either; there must be more along with him; I daresay we are spied
upon this minute.  Ay, no doubt, the letter should be opened; but
somehow, not by you nor me.”

I was about thus far with it, and my spirit very much overcome with a
sense of danger and hidden enemies, when I spied Alan, come back again
from following James and walking by himself among the sand-hills.  He was
in his soldier’s coat, of course, and mighty fine; but I could not avoid
to shudder when I thought how little that jacket would avail him, if he
were once caught and flung in a skiff, and carried on board of the
_Seahorse_, a deserter, a rebel, and now a condemned murderer.

“There,” said I, “there is the man that has the best right to open it: or
not, as he thinks fit.”

With which I called upon his name, and we both stood up to be a mark for

“If it is so—if it be more disgrace—will you can bear it?” she asked,
looking upon me with a burning eye.

“I was asked something of the same question when I had seen you but the
once,” said I.  “What do you think I answered?  That if I liked you as I
thought I did—and O, but I like you better!—I would marry you at his
gallows’ foot.”

The blood rose in her face; she came close up and pressed upon me,
holding my hand: and it was so that we awaited Alan.

He came with one of his queer smiles.  “What was I telling ye, David?”
says he.

“There is a time for all things, Alan,” said I, “and this time is
serious.  How have you sped?  You can speak out plain before this friend
of ours.”

“I have been upon a fool’s errand,” said he.

“I doubt we have done better than you, then,” said I; “and, at least,
here is a great deal of matter that you must judge of.  Do you see that?”
I went on, pointing to the ship.  “That is the _Seahorse_, Captain

“I should ken her, too,” says Alan.  “I had fyke enough with her when she
was stationed in the Forth.  But what ails the man to come so close?”

“I will tell you why he came there first,” said I.  “It was to bring this
letter to James More.  Why he stops here now that it’s delivered, what
it’s likely to be about, why there’s an officer hiding in the bents, and
whether or not it’s probable that he’s alone—I would rather you
considered for yourself.”

“A letter to James More?” said he.

“The same,” said I.

“Well, and I can tell ye more than that,” said Alan.  “For the last
night, when you were fast asleep, I heard the man colloguing with some
one in the French, and then the door of that inn to be opened and shut.”

“Alan!” cried I, “you slept all night, and I am here to prove it.”

“Ay, but I would never trust Alan whether he was asleep or waking!” says
he.  “But the business looks bad.  Let’s see the letter.”

I gave it him.

“Catriona,” said he, “you have to excuse me, my dear; but there’s nothing
less than my fine bones upon the cast of it, and I’ll have to break this

“It is my wish,” said Catriona.

He opened it, glanced it through, and flung his hand in the air.

“The stinking brock!” says he, and crammed the paper in his pocket.
“Here, let’s get our things together.  This place is fair death to me.”
And he began to walk towards the inn.

It was Catriona that spoke the first.  “He has sold you?” she asked.

“Sold me, my dear,” said Alan.  “But thanks to you and Davie, I’ll can
jink him yet.  Just let me win upon my horse,” he added.

“Catriona must come with us,” said I.  “She can have no more traffic with
that man.  She and I are to be married.”  At which she pressed my hand to
her side.

“Are ye there with it?” says Alan, looking back.  “The best day’s work
that ever either of you did yet!  And I’m bound to say, my dawtie, ye
make a real, bonny couple.”

The way that he was following brought us close in by the windmill, where
I was aware of a man in seaman’s trousers, who seemed to be spying from
behind it.  Only, of course, we took him in the rear.

“See, Alan!”

“Wheesht!” said, he, “this is my affairs.”

The man was, no doubt, a little deafened by the clattering of the mill,
and we got up close before he noticed.  Then he turned, and we saw he was
a big fellow with a mahogany face.

“I think, sir,” says Alan, “that you speak the English?”

“_Non_, _monsieur_,” says he, with an incredible bad accent.

“_Non_, _monsieur_,” cries Alan, mocking him.  “Is that how they learn
you French on the _Seahorse_?  Ye muckle, gutsey hash, here’s a Scots
boot to your English hurdies!”

And bounding on him before he could escape, he dealt the man a kick that
laid him on his nose.  Then he stood, with a savage smile, and watched
him scramble to his feet and scamper off into the sand-hills.

“But it’s high time I was clear of these empty bents!” said Alan; and
continued his way at top speed, and we still following, to the backdoor
of Bazin’s inn.

It chanced that as we entered by the one door we came face to face with
James More entering by the other.

“Here!” said I to Catriona, “quick! upstairs with you and make your
packets; this is no fit scene for you.”

In the meanwhile James and Alan had met in the midst of the long room.
She passed them close by to reach the stairs; and after she was some way
up I saw her turn and glance at them again, though without pausing.
Indeed, they were worth looking at.  Alan wore as they met one of his
best appearances of courtesy and friendliness, yet with something
eminently warlike, so that James smelled danger off the man, as folk
smell fire in a house, and stood prepared for accidents.

Time pressed.  Alan’s situation in that solitary place, and his enemies
about him, might have daunted Cæsar.  It made no change in him; and it
was in his old spirit of mockery and daffing that he began the interview.

“A braw good day to ye again, Mr. Drummond,” said he.  “What’ll yon
business of yours be just about?”

“Why, the thing being private, and rather of a long story,” says James,
“I think it will keep very well till we have eaten.”

“I’m none so sure of that,” said Alan.  “It sticks in my mind it’s either
now or never; for the fact is me and Mr. Balfour here have gotten a line,
and we’re thinking of the road.”

I saw a little surprise in James’s eye; but he held himself stoutly.

“I have but the one word to say to cure you of that,” said he, “and that
is the name of my business.”

“Say it then,” says Alan.  “Hout! wha minds for Davie?”

“It is a matter that would make us both rich men,” said James.

“Do you tell me that?” cries Alan.

“I do, sir,” said James.  “The plain fact is that it is Cluny’s

“No!” cried Alan.  “Have ye got word of it?”

“I ken the place, Mr. Stewart, and can take you there,” said James.

“This crowns all!” says Alan.  “Well, and I’m glad I came to Dunkirk.
And so this was your business, was it?  Halvers, I’m thinking?”

“That is the business, sir,” said James.

“Well, well,” said Alan; and then in the same tone of childlike interest,
“it has naething to do with the _Seahorse_, then?” he asked.

“With what?” says James.

“Or the lad that I have just kicked the bottom of behind yon windmill?”
pursued Alan.  “Hut, man! have done with your lees!  I have Palliser’s
letter here in my pouch.  You’re by with it, James More.  You can never
show your face again with dacent folk.”

James was taken all aback with it.  He stood a second, motionless and
white, then swelled with the living anger.

“Do you talk to me, you bastard?” he roared out.

“Ye glee’d swine!” cried Alan, and hit him a sounding buffet on the
mouth, and the next wink of time their blades clashed together.

At the first sound of the bare steel I instinctively leaped back from the
collision.  The next I saw, James parried a thrust so nearly that I
thought him killed; and it lowed up in my mind that this was the girl’s
father, and in a manner almost my own, and I drew and ran in to sever

“Keep back, Davie!  Are ye daft!  Damn ye, keep back!” roared Alan.
“Your blood be on your ain heid then!”

I beat their blades down twice.  I was knocked reeling against the wall;
I was back again betwixt them.  They took no heed of me, thrusting at
each other like two furies.  I can never think how I avoided being
stabbed myself or stabbing one of these two Rodomonts, and the whole
business turned about me like a piece of a dream; in the midst of which I
heard a great cry from the stair, and Catriona sprang before her father.
In the same moment the point of my sword encountered some thing yielding.
It came back to me reddened.  I saw the blood flow on the girl’s
kerchief, and stood sick.

“Will you be killing him before my eyes, and me his daughter after all!”
she cried.

“My dear, I have done with him,” said Alan, and went, and sat on a table,
with his arms crossed and the sword naked in his hand.

Awhile she stood before the man, panting, with big eyes, then swung
suddenly about and faced him.

“Begone!” was her word, “take your shame out of my sight; leave me with
clean folk.  I am a daughter of Alpin!  Shame of the sons of Alpin,

It was said with so much passion as awoke me from the horror of my own
bloodied sword.  The two stood facing, she with the red stain on her
kerchief, he white as a rag.  I knew him well enough—I knew it must have
pierced him in the quick place of his soul; but he betook himself to a
bravado air.

“Why,” says he, sheathing his sword, though still with a bright eye on
Alan, “if this brawl is over I will but get my portmanteau—”

“There goes no pockmantie out of this place except with me,” says Alan.

“Sir!” cries James.

“James More,” says Alan, “this lady daughter of yours is to marry my
friend Davie, upon the which account I let you pack with a hale carcase.
But take you my advice of it and get that carcase out of harm’s way or
ower late.  Little as you suppose it, there are leemits to my temper.”

“Be damned, sir, but my money’s there!” said James.

“I’m vexed about that, too,” says Alan, with his funny face, “but now, ye
see, it’s mines.”  And then with more gravity, “Be you advised, James
More, you leave this house.”

James seemed to cast about for a moment in his mind; but it’s to be
thought he had enough of Alan’s swordsmanship, for he suddenly put off
his hat to us and (with a face like one of the damned) bade us farewell
in a series.  With which he was gone.

At the same time a spell was lifted from me.

“Catriona,” I cried, “it was me—it was my sword.  O, are you much hurt?”

“I know it, Davie, I am loving you for the pain of it; it was done
defending that bad man, my father.  See!” she said, and showed me a
bleeding scratch, “see, you have made a man of me now.  I will carry a
wound like an old soldier.”

Joy that she should be so little hurt, and the love of her brave nature,
supported me.  I embraced her, I kissed the wound.

“And am I to be out of the kissing, me that never lost a chance?” says
Alan; and putting me aside and taking Catriona by either shoulder, “My
dear,” he said, “you’re a true daughter of Alpin.  By all accounts, he
was a very fine man, and he may weel be proud of you.  If ever I was to
get married, it’s the marrow of you I would be seeking for a mother to my
sons.  And I bear’s a king’s name and speak the truth.”

He said it with a serious heat of admiration that was honey to the girl,
and through her, to me.  It seemed to wipe us clean of all James More’s
disgraces.  And the next moment he was just himself again.

“And now by your leave, my dawties,” said he, “this is a’ very bonny; but
Alan Breck’ll be a wee thing nearer to the gallows than he’s caring for;
and Dod! I think this is a grand place to be leaving.”

The word recalled us to some wisdom.  Alan ran upstairs and returned with
our saddle-bags and James More’s portmanteau; I picked up Catriona’s
bundle where she had dropped it on the stair; and we were setting forth
out of that dangerous house, when Bazin stopped the way with cries and
gesticulations.  He had whipped under a table when the swords were drawn,
but now he was as bold as a lion.  There was his bill to be settled,
there was a chair broken, Alan had sat among his dinner things, James
More had fled.

“Here,” I cried, “pay yourself,” and flung him down some Lewie d’ors; for
I thought it was no time to be accounting.

He sprang upon that money, and we passed him by, and ran forth into the
open.  Upon three sides of the house were seamen hasting and closing in;
a little nearer to us James More waved his hat as if to hurry them; and
right behind him, like some foolish person holding up his hands, were the
sails of the windmill turning.

Alan gave but one glance, and laid himself down to run.  He carried a
great weight in James More’s portmanteau; but I think he would as soon
have lost his life as cast away that booty which was his revenge; and he
ran so that I was distressed to follow him, and marvelled and exulted to
see the girl bounding at my side.

As soon as we appeared, they cast off all disguise upon the other side;
and the seamen pursued us with shouts and view-hullohs.  We had a start
of some two hundred yards, and they were but bandy-legged tarpaulins
after all, that could not hope to better us at such an exercise.  I
suppose they were armed, but did not care to use their pistols on French
ground.  And as soon as I perceived that we not only held our advantage
but drew a little away, I began to feel quite easy of the issue.  For all
which, it was a hot, brisk bit of work, so long as it lasted; Dunkirk was
still far off; and when we popped over a knowe, and found a company of
the garrison marching on the other side on some manœuvre, I could very
well understand the word that Alan had.

He stopped running at once; and mopping at his brow, “They’re a real
bonny folk, the French nation,” says he.


No sooner were we safe within the walls of Dunkirk than we held a very
necessary council-of-war on our position.  We had taken a daughter from
her father at the sword’s point; any judge would give her back to him at
once, and by all likelihood clap me and Alan into jail; and though we had
an argument upon our side in Captain Palliser’s letter, neither Catriona
nor I were very keen to be using it in public.  Upon all accounts it
seemed the most prudent to carry the girl to Paris to the hands of her
own chieftain, Macgregor of Bohaldie, who would be very willing to help
his kinswoman, on the one hand, and not at all anxious to dishonour James
upon other.

We made but a slow journey of it up, for Catriona was not so good at the
riding as the running, and had scarce sat in the saddle since the
’Forty-five.  But we made it out at last, reached Paris early of a
Sabbath morning, and made all speed, under Alan’s guidance, to find
Bohaldie.  He was finely lodged, and lived in a good style, having a
pension on the Scots Fund, as well as private means; greeted Catriona
like one of his own house, and seemed altogether very civil and discreet,
but not particularly open.  We asked of the news of James More.  “Poor
James!” said he, and shook his head and smiled, so that I thought he knew
further than he meant to tell.  Then we showed him Palliser’s letter, and
he drew a long face at that.

“Poor James!” said he again.  “Well, there are worse folk than James
More, too.  But this is dreadful bad.  Tut, tut, he must have forgot
himself entirely!  This is a most undesirable letter.  But, for all that,
gentlemen, I cannot see what we would want to make it public for.  It’s
an ill bird that fouls his own nest, and we are all Scots folk and all

Upon this we all agreed, save perhaps Alan; and still more upon the
question of our marriage, which Bohaldie took in his own hands, as though
there had been no such person as James More, and gave Catriona away with
very pretty manners and agreeable compliments in French.  It was not till
all was over, and our healths drunk, that he told us James was in that
city, whither he had preceded us some days, and where he now lay sick,
and like to die.  I thought I saw by my wife’s face what way her
inclination pointed.

“And let us go see him, then,” said I.

“If it is your pleasure,” said Catriona.  These were early days.

He was lodged in the same quarter of the city with his chief, in a great
house upon a corner; and we were guided up to the garret where he lay by
the sound of Highland piping.  It seemed he had just borrowed a set of
them from Bohaldie to amuse his sickness; though he was no such hand as
was his brother Rob, he made good music of the kind; and it was strange
to observe the French folk crowding on the stairs, and some of them
laughing.  He lay propped in a pallet.  The first look of him I saw he
was upon his last business; and, doubtless, this was a strange place for
him to die in.  But even now I find I can scarce dwell upon his end with
patience.  Doubtless, Bohaldie had prepared him; he seemed to know we
were married, complimented us on the event, and gave us a benediction
like a patriarch.

“I have been never understood,” said he.  “I forgive you both without an
afterthought;” after which he spoke for all the world in his old manner,
was so obliging as to play us a tune or two upon his pipes, and borrowed
a small sum before I left.

I could not trace even a hint of shame in any part of his behaviour; but
he was great upon forgiveness; it seemed always fresh to him.  I think he
forgave me every time we met; and when after some four days he passed
away in a kind of odour of affectionate sanctity, I could have torn my
hair out for exasperation.  I had him buried; but what to put upon his
tomb was quite beyond me, till at last I considered the date would look
best alone.

I thought it wiser to resign all thoughts of Leyden, where we had
appeared once as brother and sister, and it would certainly look strange
to return in a new character.  Scotland would be doing for us; and
thither, after I had recovered that which I had left behind, we sailed in
a Low Country ship.

                                * * * * *

And now, Miss Barbara Balfour (to set the ladies first), and Mr. Alan
Balfour younger of Shaws, here is the story brought fairly to an end.  A
great many of the folk that took a part in it, you will find (if you
think well) that you have seen and spoken with.  Alison Hastie in
Limekilns was the lass that rocked your cradle when you were too small to
know of it, and walked abroad with you in the policy when you were
bigger.  That very fine great lady that is Miss Barbara’s name-mamma is
no other than the same Miss Grant that made so much a fool of David
Balfour in the house of the Lord Advocate.  And I wonder whether you
remember a little, lean, lively gentleman in a scratch-wig and a
wraprascal, that came to Shaws very late of a dark night, and whom you
were awakened out of your beds and brought down to the dining-hall to be
presented to, by the name of Mr. Jamieson?  Or has Alan forgotten what he
did at Mr. Jamieson’s request—a most disloyal act—for which, by the
letter of the law, he might be hanged—no less than drinking the king’s
health _across the water_?  These were strange doings in a good Whig
house!  But Mr. Jamieson is a man privileged, and might set fire to my
corn-barn; and the name they know him by now in France is the Chevalier

As for Davie and Catriona, I shall watch you pretty close in the next
days, and see if you are so bold as to be laughing at papa and mamma.  It
is true we were not so wise as we might have been, and made a great deal
of sorrow out of nothing; but you will find as you grow up that even the
artful Miss Barbara, and even the valiant Mr. Alan, will be not so very
much wiser than their parents.  For the life of man upon this world of
ours is a funny business.  They talk of the angels weeping; but I think
they must more often be holding their sides as they look on; and there
was one thing I determined to do when I began this long story, and that
was to tell out everything as it befell.


{1}  Conspicuous.

{2}  Country.

{3}  The Fairies.

{4}  Flatteries.

{5}  Trust to.

{6}  This must have reference to Dr. Cameron on his first visit.—D. B.

{7}  Sweetheart.

{8}  Child.

{9}  Palm.

{10}  Gallows.

{11}  My Catechism.

{12}  Now Prince’s Street.

{13}  A learned folklorist of my acquaintance hereby identifies Alan’s
air.  It has been printed (it seems) in Campbell’s _Tales of the West
Highlands_, Vol. II., p. 91.  Upon examination it would really seem as if
Miss Grant’s unrhymed doggrel (see Chapter V.) would fit with little
humouring to the notes in question.

{14}  A ball placed upon a little mound for convenience of striking.

{15}  Patched shoes.

{16}  Shoemaker.

{17}  Tamson’s mere—to go afoot.

{18}  Beard.

{19}  Ragged.

{20}  Fine things.

{21}  Catch.

{22}  Victuals.

{23}  Trust.

{24}  Sea fog.

{25}  Bashful.

{26}  Rest.

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