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Title: Notes and Queries, Vol. IV, Number 88, July 5, 1851 - A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, - Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc.
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Notes and Queries, Vol. IV, Number 88, July 5, 1851 - A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, - Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc." ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.

[Transcriber's note: Characters with macrons have been marked in
brackets with an equal sign, as [=e] for a letter e with a macron on
top. Underscores have been used to indicate _italic_ fonts. Original
spelling varieties have not been standardized. A list of volumes and
pages in "Notes and Queries" has been added at the end.]






"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

VOL. IV.--No. 88. SATURDAY, JULY 5. 1851.

Price Threepence. Stamped Edition, 4_d._



      Our Fourth Volume                                            1


      The Duke of Monmouth's Pocket-books, by Sir F. Madden        1

      Folk Lore:--Stanton Drew and its Tradition, by David
      Stevens                                                      3

      Minor Notes:--The Hon. Spencer Perceval--An
      Adventurer in 1632--Almanacs                                 4


      Ghost Stories, by the Rev. Dr. Maitland                      5

      A Book of Enzinas, or Dryander, wanted, by Benjamin
      B. Wiffen                                                    5

      Salting the Bodies of the Dead, by W. B. MacCabe             6

      Minor Queries:--The Star in the East--Meaning of
      Sinage: Distord: Slander--Miss--Jacques Mabiotte--Registry
      of British Subjects abroad--Shawls--Figures
      of Saints--Conceyted Letters, who wrote?--Acta
      Sanctorum--Pope's "honest Factor"--Meaning
      of "Nervous"--Doomsday Book of Scotland                      6

      MINOR QUERIES ANSWERED:--Dr. Sacheverell--Princess
      Wilbrahama--Early Visitations                                8


      Written Sermons, by J. Bruce, &c.                            8

      Lord Mayor not a Privy Councillor                            9

      Dr. Elrington's Edition of Ussher's Works, by the Rev.
      Dr. Todd                                                    10

      Replies to Minor Queries:--Mind your P's and Q's--Serius
      Seriadesque--Catharine Barton--Alterius Orbis Papa--Charles
      Dodd--"Prenzie"--"In Print"--Introduction of Reptiles into
      Ireland--Ancient Wood Engraving of the Picture of
      Cebes--"The Groves of Blarney"--Tennyson's Lord of
      Burleigh--Bicêtre--On a Passage in Dryden--Derivation
      of Yankee--Ferrante Pallavicino                             11


      Notes on Books, Sales, Catalogues, &c.                      13

      Books and Odd Volumes wanted                                14

      Notices to Correspondents                                   14

      Advertisements                                              15


We cannot permit the present Number, which commences the Fourth Volume
of "NOTES AND QUERIES," to come into the hands of our Readers without
some few words of acknowledgment and thanks to those Friends, Readers,
and Correspondents, whose kind encouragement and assistance have raised
our paper to its present high position;--

                  "and thanks to men
      Of noble mind, is honorable meed."

To those thanks we will add our promise, that no effort shall be wanting
to carry on this paper in the same spirit in which it was commenced, and
to add, if possible, to its utility and interest. And by way of setting
an example to our correspondents--

                              "every word to spare
      That wants of force, or light, or weight or care"--

we will, with these thanks and this promise, bid our friends fall to on
the Banquet of Pleasant Inventions spread out for them in the following



In "NOTES AND QUERIES" (Vol. i., p. 198.) is inserted from Chambers'
_Edinburgh Journal_ an account of a manuscript volume said to have been
found on the person of the Duke of Monmouth at the time of his arrest;
which was exhibited by Dr. Anster at a meeting of the Royal Irish
Academy, November 30, 1849, accompanied by some remarks, which appeared
in the _Proceedings_ of the Academy, vol. iv. p. 411., and which furnish
the substance of the article in Chambers above mentioned. In a
subsequent number of the "NOTES AND QUERIES" (Vol. i., p. 397.), the
authenticity of the volume is somewhat called in question by MR. C.
ROSS, on account of certain historical entries not appearing in it,
which are printed by Welwood in his _Memoirs_[1], and stated to have
been copied by him from "a little pocket-book" which was taken with
Monmouth, and afterwards delivered to the King. Dr. Anster replied to
this in the _Dublin University Magazine_ for June, 1850 (vol. xxxv. p.
673.), and showed by references to the _Harleian Miscellany_ (vol. vi.
p. 322., ed. 1810), and Sir John Reresby's _Memoirs_ (p. 121. 4to.,
1734), that more than one book was found on the Duke of Monmouth's
person when captured. In the former of these authorities, entitled _An
Account of the Manner of taking the late Duke of Monmouth: by his
Majesty's command_, printed in 1685, and perhaps compiled from
information given by the king himself, the following statement is

  "The papers and books that were found on him are since delivered
  to his Majesty. One of the books was a manuscript of spells,
  charms, and conjurations, songs, receipts, and prayers, _all
  written with the said late Duke's own hand_. Two others were
  manuscripts of fortification and the military art. And a fourth
  book, fairly written, wherein are computes of the yearly expense
  of his Majesty's navy and land forces."

  [Footnote 1: Query, what is the date of the _first_ edition of
  Welwood's work? The earliest in the Museum library is the _third_
  edition, printed in 1700.]

It is remarkable that the "pocket-book" mentioned by Welwood is not here
specified, but it is possible that the entries quoted by him may have
been written on the pages of one of the other books. Two of the above
only are noticed by Mr. Macaulay, namely, "a small treatise on
fortification," and "an album filled with songs, receipts, prayers, and
charms"; and there can be no reasonable doubt that the latter, which is
mentioned by the author of the tract in the _Harleian Miscellany_, as
well as by Reresby and Barillon, is the identical manuscript which forms
the subject of Dr. Anster's remarks.

Within a few weeks this singular volume has been added by purchase to
the National Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum, previous
to which I ascertained, by a careful comparison of its pages with
several undoubted letters of the Duke of Monmouth (an advantage Dr.
Anster did not possess), that the whole of the volume (or nearly so) is
certainly in the Duke's handwriting. This evidence might of itself be
deemed sufficient; but some lines written on the fly-leaf of the volume
(which are passed over by Dr. Anster as of no moment) confirm the fact
beyond all cavil, since, on seeing them, I immediately recognised them
as the autograph of King James himself. They are as follows:

  "This book was found in the Duke of Monmouth's pocket when he was
  taken, and is most of his owne handwriting."

Although the contents of this volume have been already described in
general terms by Dr. Anster, yet it may not perhaps be uninteresting to
give a more detailed list of what is written in it:--

  1. Receipts "for the stone"; "to know the sum of numbers before
  they be writ doun"; "pour nettoyer l'ovrages de cuyvre argenté;"
  "for to make Bouts and Choos [Boots and Shoes] hold out water;"
  and "to keep the goms well."--pp. 1-4. 8.

  2. Magical receipts and charms in French, written partly in an
  abbreviated form, accompanied by cabalistic figures. Two of these
  are to deliver a person out of prison, and are no doubt the same
  which Sir John Reresby refers to.--pp. 5. 7. 9. 11-17.

  3. "The forme of a bill of Excheng," drawn on David Nairne of
  London, from Antwerp, May 16, 1684, for 200_l._ sterling.--p. 6.

  4. Astrological rules in French for finding out anything required;
  together with a planetary wheel, dated 1680, to show life or death
  in case of illness, also happiness and adversity.--pp. 19-25.

  5. Directions "pour savoire si une person sera fidelle ou non,"
  &c. At the bottom is a cypher, in which _a_ stands for 10, _b_ for
  52, &c., p. 27. All this is entered again at pp. 45. 47.

  6. "The way from London to East Tilbery," dated December 1,
  1684.--p. 29.

  7. Prayers for the morning and evening, pp. 31-43.

  8. List of the Christian names of women and men.--pp. 44. 46. 48.

  9. Arithmetical table of the number 7, multiplied from 1 to
  37.--pp. 49. 51.

  10. Receipts "to take away a corne;" "a soveraign water of Dr.
  Stephens;" "to make the face fair;" "to make golden letters
  without gold;" "to kip iron from rusting;" "to write letters of
  secrets;" "to make hair grow;" "to make hair grow black, though of
  any colour;" and several more.--pp. 52-61.

  11. Casualties that happened in the reigns of the English
  sovereigns, from William I. to Queen Mary inclusive; consisting
  chiefly of remarkable accidents, and reputed prodigies.--pp.

  12. "Socrates, Platon, Aristote et Ciceron ont fait ces trente
  Comandemens pour leurs disciples."--pp. 78, 79.

  13. "A receipt for the Farcy."--p. 81.

  14. A poem intitled "The Twin Flame, _sent mee by M P_"--pp.

The words in Italics have been scribbled over with the pen for the
purpose of concealment. The verses commence:

      "Fantastick wanton god, what dost thou mean,
      To breake my rest, make mee grow pale and lean."

  15. Receipts for secret writing, to take impressions of prints
  upon glass, to boil plate, &c.--pp. 93-98.

  16. Several songs in English and French, pp. 99-107.

Among them are the verses printed in "NOTES AND QUERIES," Vol. i., p.
199., beginning "With joie we do leave thee," accompanied by the musical
notes; and also a song commencing "All ye gods that ar above," with the
musical notes. It is most probable that these songs are copied from
printed sources; but as they have been conjectured to be compositions by
Monmouth himself, the following short specimen may not be unacceptable,
copied _literatim_.

      "O how blest, and how inocent,
      and happy is a country life,
      free from tumult and discontent;
      heer is no flatterys nor strife,
      for t'was the first and happiest life,
      when first man did injoie him selfe.

      This is a better fate than kings,
      hence jentle peace and love doth flow,
      for fancy is the rate of things;
      I'am pleased, because I think it so,
      for a hart that is nobly true,
      all the world's arts can n'er subdue."

This poem immediately follows the one in which Toddington in
Bedfordshire (which the Duke spells, probably as then pronounced,
_Tedington_) is referred to.

  17. Prayers after the confession of sins, and the sense of pardon
  obtained.--pp. 108-125.

These prayers breathe a spirit of the most humble and ardent piety; and
if composed by the Duke himself, exhibit the weakness of his character
in a more favourable light than the remainder of the volume. One
paragraph is striking:--

  "Mercy, mercy, good Lord! I aske not of thee any longer the things
  of this world; neither power, nor honours, nor riches, nor
  pleasures. No, my God, dispose of them to whom thou pleasest, so
  that thou givest me mercy."

  18. "The Batteryes that can be made at Flushing to keep ships from
  coming in."--pp. 127, 128.

  19. "Traité de la guere ou Politique militaire."--pp. 130-132.

  20. "The Rode that is to be taken from Bruxels to Diren, the Pri.
  of Orange's house."--p. 133.

  21. "The Road from Bruxells to Sousdyck, the Prince of Orange his
  hous."--p. 134.

  22. "The way that I tooke from Diren, when I went for England,
  Nov. the 10. 84."--p. 135.

  23. "The way that I took when I came from England, December the
  10th. 84."--p. 137.

  24. "The way that I took the first day of Jan. n. st. [1684-5]
  from Bruxells to the Hague."--p. 139.

  25. Similar memoranda from 11th to 14th March, 1685, between
  Antwerp and Dort.--p. 141.

  26. The addresses of various persons in Holland, London, Paris,
  and elsewhere, to whom letters were to be written, 1685.--pp. 142.

  27. "The footway from Trogou to Amsterdam."--p. 143.

  28. An obscure memorandum, as follows:--"1683. Munday the 5th of
  November. H. W. had T.--The 9th of November, Poupe.--The 16th of
  November, Poupe."--p. 156.

  29. Value of duckatons, pistols, and gilders.--_Ib._

  30. Note of the route from London to Tedington.--p. 157.

Although this volume is not of the same historical value as the _Diary_
mentioned by Welwood, yet it is a curious and interesting relic of the
unfortunate man who possessed it, and whose want of education,
superstition, and frivolity are so prominently displayed in its pages.
As to its recent history, Dr. Anster states that it was purchased at a
book-stall in Paris, in 1827, by an Irish divinity student; the same,
probably, who has written his name at p. 90.: "John Barrette, Irish
College, Paris, Dec. 31, 1837."--The same person has made a memorandum
in pencil, at p. 1., which has subsequently been partially rubbed out,
and, as far as now legible, is as follows:--

  "This Book was found in ... of the English College in Paris, among
  other MSS. deposited there by James II."

An earlier hand has scribbled a list of the contents at the
commencement, with the signature "S. Rutter." If King James deposited
this volume in the College at Paris, in all probability the others found
on the person of the Duke of Monmouth accompanied it, and may one day or
other turn up as unexpectedly as the present book has done.

    F. MADDEN.

  British Museum, June 27.


_Stanton Drew and its Tradition._--At the little village of Stanton
Drew, in the county of Somerset, east of the road between Bristol and
Wells, stands a well-known Druidical monument, which, in the opinion of
Dr. Stukeley, was more ancient than that at Abury. It consists
(according to a recent writer) of four groups of stones, forming (or,
rather, having formed when complete) two circles; and two other figures,
one an ellipse. Although the largest stones are much inferior in their
dimensions to those at Stonehenge and Abury, they are by no means
contemptible; some of them being nine feet in height and twenty-two feet
in girth. There is a curious tradition very prevalent amongst the
country people, respecting the origin of these remains, which they
designate the "Evil Wedding," for the following good and substantial
reasons:--Many hundred years ago (on a Saturday evening), a newly
married couple, with their relatives and friends, met on the spot now
covered by these ruins, to celebrate their nuptials. Here they feasted
and danced right merrily, until the clock tolled the hour of midnight,
when the piper (a pious man) refused to play any longer: this was much
against the wish of the guests, and so exasperated the bride (who was
fond of dancing), that she swore with an oath, she would not be baulked
in her enjoyment by a beggarly piper, but would find a substitute, if
she went to h-ll to fetch one. She had scarcely uttered the words, when
a venerable old man, with a long beard, made his appearance, and having
listened to their request, proffered his services, which were right
gladly accepted. The old gentleman (who was no other than the Arch-fiend
himself) having taken the seat vacated by the godly piper, commenced
playing a slow and solemn air, which on the guests remonstrating he
changed into one more lively and rapid. The company now began to dance,
but soon found themselves impelled round the performer so rapidly and
mysteriously, that they would all fain have rested. But when they
essayed to retire, they found, to their consternation, that they were
moving faster and faster round their diabolical musician, who had now
resumed his original shape. Their cries for mercy were unheeded, until
the first glimmering of day warned the fiend that he must depart. With
such rapidity had they moved, that the gay and sportive assembly were
now reduced to a ghastly troop of skeletons. "I leave you," said the
fiend, "a monument of my power and your wickedness to the end of time:"
which saying, he vanished. The villagers, on rising in the morning,
found the meadow strewn with large pieces of stone, and the pious piper
lying under a hedge, half dead with fright, he having been a witness to
the whole transaction.


  Godalming, May 10. 1851.

Minor Notes.

_The Hon. Spencer Perceval._--Being on a tour through the West of
England some years ago, I found myself one morning rapidly advancing up
the river Tamar, in the gig of "the Captain of the Ordinary" at
Plymouth. We were bound for the noble ruins of Trematon Castle, in the
area of which a good modern house has been erected, and in one of the
towers is arranged a very pleasing collection of antiquities.

As we proceeded up the river, the gallant captain related the following
anecdote in reference to the then proprietor of Trematon:--

  It is well known that in the afternoon of the 12th May, 1812, the
  Hon. Spencer Perceval, the then prime minister, fell by the hand
  of Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons; the cause
  assigned by the murderer being the neglect of, or refusal to
  discharge a supposed claim he had upon the government.

On the same night the gentleman above alluded to, and residing at
Trematon, had the tragic scene so minutely and painfully depicted in his
sleep, that he could not resist the desire of sending the particulars to
a friend in town, which he did by the _up mail_, which departed a few
hours after he had risen on the following morning.

He informed his friend that his topographical knowledge of London was
very meagre; and that as to the House of Commons (the old one), he had
seen only the exterior: he went on to state, that, dreaming he was in
town, he had a desire to hear the debates in Parliament, and for this
purpose enquired his way to the lobby of the House, the architectural
peculiarities of which he minutely described; he gave an exact
description of the few officials and others in the room, and especially
of a tall, thin man, who seemed to watch the opening of the door as any
one entered with wild and restless gaze: at length Mr. Perceval arrived,
whose person (although unknown to him) and dress he described, as also
the manner in which the horrid deed was done: he further communicated
the words uttered by the victim to the effect "the villain has
murdered--;" how the wounded man was treated, and the person of the
medical man who was on the instant called in.

These, with other particulars, which have escaped my memory, were thus
recorded, and the first newspaper he received confirmed the accuracy of
this extraordinary dream.

    M. W. B.

_An Adventurer in 1632._--I transcribe from a manuscript letter now
before me, dated "Tuesday, Whitsun-week, 1632," the following passage.
Can you or any of your correspondents give me (or tell me where I am
likely to find) any further information of the adventurer there named?

  "Heer is much Speach of the Brauery of a Porter yt hath taken a
  Braue House, and hath his Coach & 4 Horses. Ye Lord Mayor examined
  him how he gott yt Wealth: he answered nothing. Then ye Lords of
  ye Council gott out of him, that he being the Pope's Brother Borne
  in Essex, Goodman Linges Sonnes, was maintained by him, and
  tempted much to have come over to him: these 2 Brothers beings
  Ship Boyes to a French pirate, the porter gott meanes to come
  againe into England, but ye other being a Witty Boy was sould to a
  Coortier in Paris, who trauelling to Florence, thear bestowed his
  Boy of a Great Man, who when he dyed tooke such affection to this
  Boy, yt changeing his name to his owne left his estate to him: and
  so in time grew a Florentine, a Cardinall, & now Pope, ye greatest
  linguist for the Latine yt ever was."

    C. DE D.

  [Maffeo Barberini (Urban VIII.) was the Roman pontiff between 1623
  and 1644, and is said to have been born at Florence in 1568, of a
  noble family. He was a good classical scholar, and no mean Latin
  poet. One charge brought against him was his weak partiality
  towards his nephews, who abused his old age and credulity. It is
  probable some of our correspondents can throw some light on this
  mysterious document.]

_Almanacs._--A friend of mine, in taking down his old rectory house last
year, found under one of the floors a book almanac, of which the
following is the title given:

  "A Prognossicacion and an Almanac fastened together, declaring the
  Dispocission of the People, and also of the Wether, with certaine
  Electyons and Tymes chosen both for Phisicke and Surgerye, and for
  the Husbandman. And also for Hawekying, Huntying, Fyshing, and
  Foulyinge, according to the Science of Astronomy, made for the
  yeare of our Lord God M. D. L. calculed for the Merydyan of Yorke,
  and practiced by Anthony Askam."

At the end of the Almanac:

  "Imprynted at London, in Flete Strete, at the Signe of the
  George, next to Saynt Dunstone's Churche, by Wyllyam Powell, cum
  priuilegio ad imprimendum solum."

Then follows the "Prognossicacion," the title-page to which is as

  "A Prognossicacion for the yere of our Lord M.CCCCCL., calculed
  upon the Meridiane of the Towne of Anwarpe and the Country
  thereabout, by Master Peter of Moorbecke, Doctoure in Physicke of
  ye same Towne, whereunto is added the Judgment of M. Cornelius
  Schute, Doctor in Physicke of the Towne of Bruges in Flanders,
  upon and concerning the Disposicion, Estate, and Condicion of
  certaine Prynces, Contreys, and Regions for thys present yere,
  gathered oute of hys Prognostication for the same yere. Translated
  out of Dutch into Englyshe by William Harrys."

At the end--

  "Imprynted at London by John Daye, dwellynge over Aldersgate and
  Wylliam Seres, dwellyng in Peter Colledge. These Bokes are to be
  sold at the Newe Shop by the lytle Conduyte in Chepesyde."

The print is old English. Mr. Francis Moore and the Almanacs have
figured in your recent Numbers, and I have thought that a brief notice
of an almanac three hundred years old might not be unacceptable to your


  Exeter, June 18. 1851.



From some recent experiments of the Baron von Reichenbach, it seems
probable that wherever chemical action is going on light is evolved,
though it is only by persons possessing peculiar (though not very rare)
powers of sight, and by them only under peculiar circumstances, that it
can be seen. It occurred to him that such persons might perhaps see
light over graves in which dead bodies were undergoing decomposition. He

  "The desire to inflict a mortal wound on the monster,
  superstition, which, from a similar origin, a few centuries ago,
  inflicted on European society so vast an amount of misery; and by
  whose influence, not hundreds, but thousands of innocent persons
  died in tortures on the rack and at the stake;--this desire made
  me wish to make the experiment, if possible, of bringing a highly
  sensitive person, by night, to a churchyard."--§ 158. Gregory's
  Translation, p. 126.

The experiment succeeded. Light "was chiefly seen over all new graves;
while there was no appearance of it over very old ones." The fact was
confirmed in subsequent experiments by five other sensitive persons, and
I have no design of questioning it. My doubt is only how far we can
consider the knowledge of it as giving a "mortal wound" to superstition.
"Thousands of ghost stories," the Baron tells us, "will now receive a
natural explanation, and will thus cease to be marvellous;" and he
afterwards says, "Thus I have, I trust, succeeded in tearing down one of
the densest veils of darkened ignorance and human error." I repeat that
I do not question the fact; my Query is, where to find the "thousands of
ghost stories" which are explained by it; and as I suspect that you have
some correspondents capable of giving information on such subjects, I
shall feel much obliged if they will tell me.




Can any obliging reader of the "NOTES AND QUERIES" inform me of the
existence, in any of our public libraries, or for sale, of the following
book: _Dryandri (Franciscus) Flandriæ propriæ incarcerationis et
liberationis Historia_: Antwerpiæ(?) 1545. Sm. 8vo.? Fox, the
martyrologist, writing of Dryander, says:

  "I read the book in the shop of John Oporine, printer, of Basil."

I have a French translation of it, and a Spanish version is sanctioned
by Pellicea (after Gerdes), under this title: _Breve Descripcion del
Pais Baxo, y razon de la Religion en España_, en 8vo.; but in such a
manner as leaves it questionable. If a Spanish version is known, I
should esteem it a favour to be informed where it can now be found.

Enzinas passed part of the years 1542-3 with Melancthon at Wittemberg.
Having completed his New Testament, he returned early in the latter year
to Antwerp to get it printed. After much reflection and advice with his
friends, he made an agreement with Stephen Mierdmann of Antwerp, in the
following manner:

  "I determined," says he, "to do my duty in the affair, at all
  events; which was, to undertake the publication, and to leave the
  consequences, and the course of the inspired Word, to the
  providence of God, to whom it of right belonged. I therefore spoke
  with a ----, and asked him whether he was willing to print my
  book. He answered, Yes, very gladly; partly because I desire to do
  some good for the commonweal more than for my own particular
  interest, caring little for gain or for the slander of opponents;
  and partly, also, said he, because it is a book that has long been
  desired. Then I asked him whether it was needful to have a
  _license_ or _permission_, and whether he could not print it
  without these: for, said I, it would ill beseem the Word of God,
  from which kings and rulers derive the authority for the exercise
  of their power, that it should be subject to the permission or
  prohibition of any human feeling or fancy. To this he answered,
  that no law of the Emperor had ever forbidden the printing of the
  Holy Scriptures; and this was well known, for in Antwerp the New
  Testament had already been printed in almost every language of
  Europe but the Spanish, and that neither himself nor any other
  printer had ever previously asked permission. From his experience,
  he had no doubt that, provided it was faithfully translated, the
  New Testament might be freely printed without leave or license.
  Then, said I, get ready your presses and everything needful for
  the work. I will answer for the interpretation of the text, and
  you shall take the risk of printing. And more, in order that you
  shall not suffer by loss or fine from our Spaniards, I will take
  the expense of the impression on myself. So I delivered to him the
  copy, and begged him to dispatch the business as soon as possible.

  "Nothing relating to it was done in secret; everybody knew that
  the New Testament was being printed in Spanish. Many praised the
  project; many waited for it with eagerness; my rooms were never
  closed, every one who wished came in and out: and yet I doubt not
  that some who came and beforehand praised my book, when they were
  behind my back, and with their own parties, sung another song;
  well perceiving that the reading of the Scriptures by the people
  is not very likely to profit their avaricious stomachs. I care
  little, however, for such opinions and selfish passions, confiding
  in God alone, who directed and would protect an undertaking
  devoted solely to His own glory."

It were too long for the "NOTES AND QUERIES" to tell how he was induced
to cancel the first leaf of his New Testament after it was printed,
because it had one word which savoured of Lutheranism; of his presenting
the finished volume to the Emperor Charles V. at Brussels; how he
received him, and what he said of his being entrapped by his confessor,
and cast into prison for fifteen months, escaping and being let down by
a rope over the city wall, until he found repose and security again at
Wittemberg with Melancthon.

Few of the early translations of the New Testament into the vulgar
languages of Europe are so little known as the Spanish of Francisco de
Enzinas, or Dryander; and yet, perhaps, of no one of them are there such
minute particulars of the printing and publication to be found upon
record as that published by him in 1543, and of his imprisonment in
consequence of it.


  Mount Pleasant, near Woburn.


Every reader of Ariosto, of Boiardo, or of Berri, is acquainted with the
character of Turpin, as an historian. John Turpin's _History of the Life
of Charles the Great and Roland_ has long since been regarded as a
collection of fables; as a romance written under a feigned name. Its
real character is, however, best described by Ferrario, when he says
that it is not to be considered as "the mere invention of any one
impostor, but rather as a compilation of ancient tales and ballads that
had been circulating amongst the people from the ninth century."
(_Storia ed Analisi degli Antichi Romanzi di Cavalleria_, vol. i. pp.
21, 22.) In such a work we must not calculate upon meeting with facts,
but we may hope to be able to obtain an insight into ancient practices,
and an acquaintance with ancient customs. It is for this reason I would
desire to draw the attention of the reader to a curious mode of
preserving the bodies of the dead, stated by Turpin. He says that the
Christians, being without a sufficient supply of aromatic drugs
wherewith to embalm the dead, disembowelled them, and filled them up
with salt. The passage thus stands in the original:

  "Tunc defunctorum corpora amici eorum diversis aromatibus
  condiverunt; alii myrrha, alii balsamo, alii _sale_ diligentes
  perfuderunt: _multi corpora per ventrem findebant et stercora
  ejiciebant, et sale, alia aromata non habentes, condiebant._"--C.

Does any other author but Turpin mention this mode of "salting," or
rather of "pickling" the dead? This is the Query which I put, in the
expectation of having it answered in the affirmative, as I am quite
certain I have met with another author--although I cannot cite his
name--who mentions the body of a Duke of Gloucester being thus preserved
with salt; but unfortunately I have not taken a note of the author, and
can only thus vaguely refer to the fact.

    W. B. MACCABE.

Minor Queries.

_The Star in the East_ (St. Matt. ii. 2.).--I have been told that in the
year of the Nativity three of the planets were in conjunction. Some one
of your astronomical correspondents may probably be able to furnish
information on this subject: it is full of sacred interest and wonder.

    J. W. H.

_Meaning of Sinage: Distord: Slander._--In a translation of Luther's
_Revelation of Antichrist_ by the Protestant martyr Frith, the word
_sinage_ occurs in a list of ecclesiastical payments, which the popish
prelates were wont to exact from the parochial clergy.

If any of your correspondents can say what _sinage_ means, he may oblige
me still further by explaining the word _distord_, in the same page;
where it is said "they stir princes and officers to distord against
them," viz., against such as resist the claims of churchmen.

Is there any authority for supposing that _sclawnder_, ordinarily
_slander_, may sometimes mean injury, without reference to character? It
is certain that the parallel term _calumnia_ was so used in monkish

    H. W.

_Miss._--It is generally, I believe, understood that, prior to the time
of Charles II., married women were called _Mistress_, and unmarried had
_Mistress_ prefixed to their Christian name; and that the equivocal
position of many in that reign, gave rise to the peculiar designation of
_Miss_ or "Mis." Can any of your readers show an earlier use of the
term than the following, from _Epigrams of all Sorts_, by Richard
Flecknoe, published 1669?

      "To Mis. Davis on her excellent Dancing.
      Dear Mis., delight of all the nobler sort,
      Pride of the stage and darling of the court."

Again, was the term, when used with especial reference to these ladies,
always spelt with one _s_, as _Mis_?

    M. S.

_Jacques Mabiotte._--I read, that certain members of the continental
masonic lodges interpret the Hiram, whose death the freemasons affect to
deplore, as meaning Molai, Grand Master of the Templars; but that others
understand the said Hiram to mean Jacques Mabiotte. Now, I should think
the person whom secret associations can be even imagined, ever so
falsely, to keep in continual remembrance, and who is thus placed in
competition with the Grand Master of the Temple, should at least enjoy
that moderate share of celebrity that will enable some of your
correspondents to inform me who he was, and what were the circumstances
of his death. I have not myself been able to find him.

    A. N.

_Registry of British Subjects abroad._--There is a notion that all
British subjects born in foreign parts are considered as born within the
diocese of London. What is the origin of this notion? I have heard it
said that it is founded on some order made by King George I., on the
occasion of his journeys to Hanover. But it must be of older date.

Can any of your readers throw any light upon this? and greatly oblige,

    J. B.

  [A notice was published in the _London Gazette_ in March, 1816,
  stating that the Bishop of London's registrar would register all
  marriages of British subjects solemnised in foreign countries; and
  also the births and deaths of British subjects which occurred
  abroad. Has that notice any reference to the notion?]

_Shawls._--When were shawls first introduced into this country from the
East? and whence has the name arisen? for I see no trace of it in our
English dictionaries. Is it from its Persian name, "do-shâllâ?" I should
also much wish to know when plaids and tartans were first mentioned as
part of the national dress of Scotland.

    A JUROR.

"_Racked by pain, by shame confounded._"--From whence are the following
lines taken?

      "Racked by pain, by shame confounded;
      Goaded to the desperate deed."

    Y. G. F.

  Oxford, June 17. 1850.

_Figures of Saints._--During some slight repairs in my parish church,
vestiges of mural paintings were discovered above and on each side of
the chancel arch. I caused the plaster and whitewash to be removed, and
discovered two colossal angelic figures, but in a very imperfect state.
Each have nimbi of a blue colour, surmounted by crosses, with globular

The S. figure holds an enormous spear. The N. one is so much defaced
that nothing could be traced but the outline of the figure, and what
appears a gigantic serpent, or perhaps a scroll of a blue colour behind
it. The clerk reports that traces of an anchor could be seen ten years
ago; but on his statement I cannot place much reliance. I should be
obliged for any information respecting the subject. Above the centre of
the arch I could only see a profusion of fragments of wings surrounded
by a glory.

    E. S. TAYLOR.

  Martham, Norfolk, June 7.

_Conceyted Letters, who wrote?_--

  "Conceyted Letters, newly laid open: or a most excellent bundle of
  new wit, wherein is knit up together all the perfection or art of
  episteling, by which the most ignorant may with much modestie
  talke and argue with the best learned." London: B. Alsop, 1618.

Who is the author of this little work? Lowndes gives it as an anonymous
production, but it is sometimes ascribed to Nicolas Breton. The initials
I. M. affixed to the preface, would rather denote Jervase Markham as the


_Acta Sanctorum._--Is any endeavour being made for the completion of
that vast work, the _Acta Sanctorum_, the last volume of which I believe
was published at Brussels in 1845?

    P. S. E.

_Pope's "honest Factor."_--I shall be obliged if any of your readers can
inform me who was the "honest factor" referred to in Pope's "Sir Balaam"
in the lines:

      "Asleep and naked, as an Indian lay,
      An honest factor stole a gem away:
      He pledg'd it to the knight," &c.

I have seen it noticed in the biography of an individual who held some
official post in India, but have forgotten the name.

    J. SWANN.

  Norwich, May, 1851.

_Meaning of "Nervous."_--Will any of your correspondents kindly oblige
me, by stating what is the actual meaning of the word _nervous_? On
reference to Johnson, I find it expressed as follows:--

  "Nervy, sinewy, _vigorous_; also having _diseased_ or _weak_

Now, by this definition, I am led to believe that the word has two
meanings, directly opposed to each other. Is this so?

    K. BANNEL.


_Doomsday Book of Scotland._--In vol. xx. of Sir John Sinclair's
_Statistical Account of Scotland_, 1798, the following extract of a
letter appears from John Pinkerton, Esq., the antiquarian writer, dated
the 23rd February, 1794:

  "In looking over the _Survey of Scotland_ accomplished by your
  exertions, it occurred to me that I could furnish an article,
  worthy to appear in an Appendix to one of the volumes of the
  _Statistical Account_. I need not inform you, that in the third
  volume of Prynne's _Records_ there is a large but undigested list
  of all those in Scotland who paid homage to Edward I. in 1291 and
  1296, forming a kind of Doomsday Book of the country at that
  period. Four years ago, I, with some labour, reduced the numerous
  names and designations into alphabetical order, and the list being
  now adapted to general use, and containing the names and
  designations of the chief landholders, citizens, and clergy of the
  time, it may be regarded as of no small importance to our ancient
  statistics, topography, and genealogy. If your opinion coincides,
  I shall with pleasure present it to you for the purpose, and
  correct the press."

Now the article so kindly proffered by Mr. Pinkerton did not appear in
the _Statistical Account of Scotland_, or in any of Mr. Pinkerton's
subsequent publications, that I am aware of. I should feel obliged if
any correspondent could inform me if it was ever published.


Minor Queries Answered.

_Dr. Sacheverell._--Was Dr. Sacheverell's speech on his trial (supposed
to have been the work of Francis Atterbury, Bishop of Rochester) ever
published? If so, when, and by whom?


  [A printed copy of Dr. Sacheverell's speech is now on our table,
  but without any publisher's name. The following is a copy of the
  title: "The Speech of Henry Sacheverell, D.D., upon his
  Impeachment at the Bar of the House of Lords, in Westminster Hall,
  March 7. 1709-10. London, Printed in the year 1710." On the back
  of the title-page appears the following advertisement: "Just
  published, Collections of Passages referred to by Dr. Henry
  Sacheverell in his Answer to the Articles of his Impeachment,
  under four Heads. I. Testimonies concerning the doctrine of
  Non-resistance to the Supreme Powers. II. Blasphemous,
  irreligious, and heretical Positions, lately published. III. The
  Church and Clergy abused. IV. The Queen, State, and Ministry
  reflected upon."]

_Princess Wilbrahama._--Advertisement of a pamphlet appearing in 1767:

  "A plain Narrative of Facts relating to the Person who lately
  passed under the assumed name of the Princess Wilbrahama, lately
  detected at the Devizes: containing her whole History, from her
  first Elopement with the Hon. Mrs. Sc***ts, till her Discovery and
  Commitment to Devizes Bridewell; together with the very
  extraordinary Circumstances attending that Discovery, and the
  Report of a Jury of Matrons summoned on that Occasion, &c. London:
  printed for the Author."

I shall be very thankful for any elucidation of the above case. It
appears to have been sufficiently popular to warrant the publisher in
engaging, as he says, "the best artists" to illustrate it with a series
of caricatures. I have never been able to meet with a copy in any public

    J. WAYLEN.

  [The notorious impostor noticed in the communication of our
  correspondent, performed her surprising feats of hazardous
  versatility between the years 1765 and 1768. On different
  occasions she assumed the names of Wilson, alias Boxall, alias
  Mollineaux, alias Irving, alias Baroness Wilmington, alias Lady
  Viscountess Wilbrihammon, alias Countess of Normandy. In 1766 her
  ladyship, "with gentle mien and accent bland," received for her
  dextrous lubricities something like a whipping at Coventry. In
  1767 she was adjudged a vagabond at Devizes, and in the following
  year sentenced to transportation at the Westminster assizes.
  Alderman Hewitt of Coventry, in 1778, published some memorabilia
  of her ladyship in a pamphlet entitled, _Memoirs of the celebrated
  Lady Viscountess Wilbrihammon, the greatest Impostress of the
  present age_. The alderman does not notice the tract mentioned by
  our correspondent, so that it still remains a query whether it was
  ever issued, although it may have been advertised.]

_Early Visitations._--In Noble's _College of Arms_, it is stated, p.
25., that--

  "Henry VI. sent persons through many of the counties of England to
  collect the names of the gentry of each; these lists have reached
  our time. It is observable, that many are mentioned in them who
  had adopted the meanest trades, yet were still accounted gentry."

Where are these lists to be found?

    H. WITHAM.

  [Noble's statements upon such points are extremely loose. We know
  not of any such lists, but would refer to Grimaldi's _Origines
  Genealogicæ_, under "Rolls and Visitations," where, in all
  probability, something may be found in reference to the subject,
  if there ever were any such lists.]



(Vol. iii., pp. 478, 526.)

Perhaps the publication of the following document may lead to a solution
of the question sent by M.C.L. (Vol. iii., p. 478.). It is a copy of a
letter from the Duke of Monmouth, as Chancellor of the University of
Cambridge, intimating to the clergy the displeasure of Charles II. at
their use of periwigs, and their practice of reading sermons. His
Majesty, it will be found, thought both customs equally important and
equally unbecoming. Of the latter, it is stated that it "took beginning
with the disorders of the late times, and that the way of preaching
without book was most agreeable to the use of the foreign churches, to
the custom of the University heretofore, and to the nature and
intendment of that holy exercise." It will surprise many of your readers
to find that the reading of sermons was considered to be a mere
puritanical innovation.

  "_The Duke of Monmouth, Chancellor of the University of Cambridge,
  to the Vice-Chancellor and University._

  "Mr. Vice-Chancellor and Gentlemen,

  "His Majesty having taken notice of the liberty which several
  persons in holy orders have taken to wear their hair and periwigs
  of an unusual and unbecoming length, hath commanded me to let you
  know, that he is much displeased therewith, and strictly injoins
  that all such persons as profess or intend the study of divinity,
  do for the future wear their hair in a manner more suitable to the
  gravity and sobriety of their profession, and that distinction
  which was always maintained between the habit of men devoted to
  the ministry and other persons.

  "And whereas, his Majesty is informed that the practice of reading
  sermons is generally taken up by the preachers before the
  University, and there for some time continued, even before
  himself, his Majesty hath commanded me to signify to you his
  pleasure, that the said practice, which took beginning with the
  disorders of the late times, be wholly laid aside; and that the
  foresaid preachers deliver their sermons, both in Latin and
  English, by memory, or without book, as being a way of preaching
  which his Majesty judges most agreeable to the use of the foreign
  churches, and to the custom of the University heretofore, and to
  the nature and intendment of that holy exercise.

  "And that his Majesty's commands in the premisses may be duly
  regarded and observed, his Majesty's farther pleasure is, that the
  names of all such ecclesiastical persons as shall wear their hair
  as heretofore in an unfitting imitation of the fashion of laymen,
  or that shall continue in the present slothfull way of preaching,
  be from time to time signified unto me by the Vice-Chancellor for
  the time being, upon pain of his Majesty's displeasure.

  "Having in obedience to his Majesty's will signified thus much
  unto you, I shall not doubt of that your ready compliance; and the
  rather because his Majesty intends to send the same injunctions
  very speedily to the University of Oxford, whom I am assured you
  will equal in all other excellencies, and so in obedience to the
  king; especially when his commands are so much to the honour and
  esteem of that renowned University, whose welfare is so heartily
  desired, and shall ever be endeavoured by, Mr. Vice-Chancellor,

      "Your loving friend and Chancellor,

I believe this letter, or something like it, was published by Peck in
his _Desiderata Curiosa_, and also by Mr. Roberts in his _Life of
Monmouth_. The transcript I send you was made from a copy in the
handwriting of Dr. Birch in the _Additional MS._ 4162., fo. 230.


The following passage occurs in Rutt's _Diary of Thomas Burton_, 4
vols.: Colburn, 1828. I have not the work at hand, but from a MS.
extract from the same, believe it may be found as a note by the editor
in vol. i. p. 359.

  "Burnet was always an extempore preacher. He says that reading is
  peculiar to this nation, and cannot be induced in any other. The
  only discourse he ever wrote beforehand was a thanksgiving sermon
  before the queen in 1705. He never before was at a pause in
  preaching. It is contrary to a university statute, obsolete,
  though unrepealed."

    C. H. P.

  Brighton, June 27.


(Vol. iii., p. 496.)

This Query, and your answer, involve one or two important questions,
which are worth a fuller solution than you have given.

The Lord Mayor is no more a Privy Councillor than he is Archbishop of
Canterbury. The title of "Right Honourable," which has given rise to
that vulgar error, is in itself a mere courtesy appended to the title of
"Lord;" which is also, popularly, though not _legally_, given him: for
in all _his own_ acts, he is designated officially as "Mayor" only. The
courtesy-title of _Lord_ he shares with the Mayors of Dublin and York,
the Lord-Advocate of Scotland, the younger sons of Dukes and Marquises,
&c. &c., and all such _Lords_ are styled by courtesy "Right Honourable;"
and this style of _Right Honourable_ is also given to Privy Councillors
in virtue of their proper official title of "Lords of Her Majesty's Most
Honourable Privy Council." So, the "Right Honourable the Lords of the
Treasury and Admiralty." So much for the title. The fact stated in the
Editor's answer, of the admission of the Lord Mayor _to the Council
Chamber_ after some clamour, on the accession of William IV., is a
mistake arising out of the following circumstances. On the demise of the
crown, a London Gazette Extraordinary is immediately published, with a
proclamation announcing the death of one sovereign and the accession of
the other. This proclamation styles itself to be that of the--

"Peers Spiritual and Temporal of the Realm, _assisted_ by those of the
late Privy Council, with numbers of _others_, Gentlemen of Quality, with
the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens of London."

The proclamation is that of the _Peers_ alone, but _assisted_ by the
_others_. The cause of this form is, that the demise of the crown
dissolves the Privy Council, and used (till modern times) to dissolve
parliaments, and abrogate the commissions of the Judges, and all other
public officers; so that the Lords Spiritual and Temporal were the only
subsisting authority. Hence _they_, of necessity, undertook the duty of
proclaiming the new king, but they fortified themselves "_with the
assistance of_ the principal gentlemen of quality, and of the Lord
Mayor, Aldermen, and Citizens." This paper is first signed by the Peers,
and then by all who happen to be present, promiscuously. At the
accession of William IV., there were about 180 names, of which "J.
Crowder, Mayor," stands the 106th. At the accession of Queen Victoria,
there were about 160 names, of which "Thomas Kelly, Mayor," is the
111th. And in both cases we find the names of the Aldermen, Sheriffs,
Town Clerk, City Remembrancer, and several others,--private citizens,
and many altogether private persons, who happened to come to the palace
at that time.

It is obvious that all this has nothing to do with the Privy Council,
for, in fact, at that moment, no Privy Council exists. But while these
things are going on in an outward room of the palace, where everybody is
admitted, the new sovereign commands the attendance of the late Privy
Council in the council chamber, where the old Privy Councillors are
generally (I suppose always) re-sworn of the new council; and _then_ and
_there_ are prepared and promulgated several acts of the new sovereign,
to which are prefixed the names of the Privy Councillors present. Now,
to this _council_ chamber the Lord Mayor is no more admitted than the
Town Clerk would be, and to these acts of the council _his name has
never appeared_.

All these facts appear in the _London Gazettes_ for the 27th June, 1830,
and the 30th June, 1837; and similar proceedings took place in Dublin;
though since the Union the practice is at least superfluous.

This establishes the _rationale_ of the case, but there is a precedent
that concludes it:--

  "On the 27th May, 1768, Mr. Thomas Harley, then Lord Mayor of
  London, was sworn of his Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council!"

--an honour never since conferred on any Mayor or Alderman, and which
could not have been conferred on him if he had already been of that



(Vol. iii., p. 496.)

In reply to your correspondent C. PAINE, JUN. I beg to say that this
University has recently requested me to undertake the completion of
Ussher's works. Dr. Elrington has left about half the fourteenth volume
printed off: but I have found considerable difficulty in ascertaining
what he intended to print, or what ought to be printed, in the remaining
half. The printed portion contains the archbishop's Theological
Lectures, in reply to Bellarmine, never before published.[2] I have
found amongst Dr. Elrington's papers a volume of sermons (a MS. of the
latter half of the seventeenth century), which are attributed, in the
MS. itself, to Ussher; but the authenticity of these sermons is, it
appears to me, very doubtful. I therefore hesitate to print them.

  [Footnote 2: Elrington's Life of _Ussher_, p. 26.]

I am anxious to find a treatise on the Seventy Weeks, by Ussher, which I
have some reason to think once existed in MS. This tract, with another
on the question of the Millennium, from Rev. xx. 4., formed the
exercises which he performed for the degree of D.D., at the commencement
of the University in 1612: and I remember Dr. Elrington telling me (if I
did not mistake his meaning), that he intended to print them in the
fourteenth volume. My difficulty is, that I cannot find them amongst
Ussher's MSS., and I do not know where they are to be had. Some
imperfect fragments on the Seventy Weeks are preserved in MS. in Trinity
College Library, in Ussher's autograph; but they are far too crude and
unfinished for publication.

The _Bibliotheca Theologica_, a work on the same plan as Cave's
_Scriptores Ecclesiastici_, exists in MS. in the Bodleian Library, and a
copy from the Bodleian MS. is in Dublin. This work has not been included
in Dr. Elrington's edition; and I remember his discussing the subject
with me, and deciding not to print it. His reasons were these:--1. It is
an unfinished work, which the archbishop did not live to complete. 2. It
is full of errors, which our present increased materials and knowledge
of the subject would easily enable us to correct; but the correction of
them would swell the work to a considerable extent. 3. The work was
used, and is frequently quoted by Cave, who seems to have published the
most valuable parts of it. Its publication, therefore, would not add
anything to our knowledge, whilst it would probably detract, however
unfairly, from the archbishop's reputation: for the public seldom make
allowances for an unfinished work. 4. It would probably make _three_, if
not _four_ volumes; and Dr. Elrington did not think its publication of
sufficient importance to warrant so great an addition to the cost and
bulk of the Works.

The _System of Theology_ having been disclaimed by Ussher himself
(although it is quoted as his by the Committee of the Privy Council in
their decision of the "Gorham Case"), has not been included by Dr.
Elrington in the collection of Ussher's works.

I shall be much obliged to MR. PAYNE, or to any other of your
correspondents, if he will give me any information respecting the
treatises on the Seventy Weeks and on the Millennium, or any other
advice which may assist me in the completion of the fourteenth volume.

I may add, that it is my intention, with the able assistance of my
learned friend Dr. Reeves, of Ballymena, to print a complete index to
Ussher's Works, which will be compiled by Dr. Reeves, and is now in
active preparation. The references to the more important works, such as
the _Primordia_, and _Annals_, will be so contrived as to be applicable
to the old editions, as well as to Dr. Elrington's edition. This Index
will form the seventeenth volume of the Works.


  Trinity Coll., Dublin, June 21. 1851.

Replies to Minor Queries.

_Mind your P's and Q's_ (Vol. iii., pp. 328. 357. 463. 523.).--I have
always thought that the phrase "Mind your P's and Q's" was derived from
the school-room or the printing-office. The forms of the small "p" and
"q" in the Roman type, have always been puzzling to the child and the
printer's apprentice. In the one, the down-ward stroke is on the left of
the oval; in the other, on the right. Now, when the types are reversed,
as they are when in the process of distribution they are returned by the
compositor to his case, the mind of the young printer is puzzled to
distinguish the "p" from the "q." In sorting _pie_, or a mixed heap of
letters, where the "p" and the "q" are not in connexion with any other
letters forming a word, I think it would be almost impossible for an
inexperienced person to say which is which upon the instant. "Mind your
_p_'s and _q_'s"--I write it thus, and not "Mind your P's and Q's"--has
a higher philosophy than mind your _toupées_ and your _queues_, which
are things essentially different, and impossible to be mistaken. It
means, have regard to small differences; do not be deceived by apparent
resemblances; learn to discriminate between things essentially distinct,
but which look the same; be observant; be cautious.


_Serius Seriadesque_ (Vol. iii., p. 494.).--Il Serio, a tributary to the
Adda, which falls into the Po. Il Serio is, like the Po, remarkable for
the quantity of foam floating upon it, and also for disappearing under
ground, through part of its course.


_Catharine Barton_ (Vol. iii., pp. 328. 434.).--A correspondent has
asked what was the maiden name of this lady, the widow, as he calls her,
of Colonel Barton. I have a note of Charles Montagu, writing of her as
"the beautiful, witty, and accomplished Catharine Barton," and have
marked her as the daughter of Major Barton, but cannot find my
authority. What follows is hardly likely to be of use to your
correspondent, though it may, possibly, suggest to him a channel of
inquiry. The Rev. Alexander Chalmers married Catharine Ekins, a niece of
Mr. Conduitt, to whose daughter he was guardian after her father's
death. Mrs. Chalmers had a brother who was rector or vicar of Barton,
Northamptonshire. Alexander Chalmers was rector of St. Katharine
Coleman, London, and of Burstow, Surrey; clerk of St. Andrew's, Holborn;
chaplain to the forces at Gibraltar and Port Mahon: he died in 1745, and
was buried in St. Katharine's: his wife was of the family of Ekins, of
Rushden, in Northamptonshire. On August 12, 1743, Alexander Chalmers
writes, "This will be delivered you by my cousin Lieut. Mathew Barton,"
probably his wife's cousin: in another letter he speaks of Miss Conduitt
as his wife's cousin. Mr. Conduitt died 23rd of May, 1737, and his
widow's "unexpected death" seems to be alluded to in a letter in 1740.


_Alterius Orbis Papa_ (Vol. iii., p. 497.).--This was not, as A.B.'s
informant thinks, a title of honour bestowed by any Supreme Pontiff upon
any Archbishop of Canterbury, but a mere verbal compliment passed by
Pope Urban II. upon St. Anselm, when the latter went to consult the
former at Rome. The words are those of Gervase, the monk of Canterbury,
who tells us:

  "Tantam ejus gratiam habuit, ut eum (Anselmum) alterius orbis
  papam vocaret (Urbanus papa)."--Ed. _Twysden_, ii. 1327.

Eadmer, who was with the archbishop when he went to Italy, gives the
following as the Pope's expressions:

  "Cumque illum, utpote hominem cunctis liberalium artium
  disciplinis innutritum, pro magistro teneamus et quasi comparem,
  velut alterius orbis Apostolicum et Patriarcham jure venerandum
  censeamus."--_AA. SS. Aprilis_, t. ii. 886.

    D. ROCK.

You have not told us the origin of this title. I have just been reminded
of the omission by the dedication of _Ludovici Cappelli Commentarii_,
Amstel., 1689, which is--

  "Wilhelmo Archiepiscopo Cantuariensi ... alterius orbis, sed
  melioris, Papæ."

    J. W. H.

_Charles Dodd_ (Vol. ii., p. 496.).--TYRO will find an account of this
writer in _Biographical Illustrations of Worcestershire_: by John
Chambers, Esq.: Worcester, 1820, 8vo., p. 591., from which we learn that
his true name was Hugh Toot_el_, a Lancashire man born in 1672, in the
neighbourhood of Preston. The name of Hugh Toot_le_ is recognised in the
prospectus or announcement of Mr. Tierney's new edition of Dodd's
_Church History of England_, of which the first and second volumes
appeared so long ago as 1839: but I regret to say that the work is yet
far from being completed.

    F. R. A.

"_Prenzie_" (Vol. iii., p. 522.).--We seem now to have got to the true
reading, "primzie." The termination _zie_ suits a Scotch word perhaps.
I only wish to mention, that the form "prin" is connected with the verb
"to preen," which we use of birds. Yet that again seems connected with
_prune_. Etymology is always in a circle.

    C. B.

"_In Print_" (Vol. iii., p. 500.).--In confirmation of the statement
made as to the expression "in print" meaning "with exactness," &c., I
perfectly remember an old Somersetshire servant of our's, who used to
say, when he saw me romping after I was dressed: "Take care, Sir, you'll
put your hair _out of print_."

    C. W. B.

_Introduction of Reptiles into Ireland_ (Vol. iii., p. 491.).--The
snakes introduced into the county of Down in 1831, alluded to by
EIRIONNACH, were the very harmless and easily tamed species, _Coluber
natrix_ of Linnæus, _Natrix torquata_ of Ray. They were purchased in
Covent Garden Market; and, to the number of six, were turned out in the
garden of Rath Gael House. One was killed at Milecross, three miles
distant, about a week after its liberation; and three others were
shortly afterwards killed in the same neighbourhood. The fate of the
remaining two is unknown, but there can be little doubt that they were
also killed, as the country-people offered a considerable reward for
their destruction. The writer well remembers the consternation and
exceedingly angry feelings caused by this _novel importation_.

We may conclude, that though the snake is not indigenous to Ireland, yet
there is nothing in either the soil or climate to prevent its
naturalisation. It is highly probable that an insular position is
unfavourable to the spread of the serpent tribe. Other islands--New
Zealand, for instance--as well as Ireland, have no native _Ophidia_.

It is generally, but erroneously, believed that there are no toads in
Ireland. The Natter-jack (_Bufo calamita_), a closely allied species to
the common toad, is found about Killarney. Can any reader inform me if
there is any record of its introduction?


_Ancient Wood Engraving of the Picture of Cebes_ (Vol. iii., pp. 277.
436.).--Your correspondent THE HERMIT OF HOLYPORT having been informed
respecting the _subject_ of his wood-cut, may yet be further satisfied
to know its date, and where it is to be found. It occurs in a Latin
version of the _Pinax_, with a commentary by Justus Velsius, printed in
4to., at Lyons? (Lugduni) in 1551. The title runs thus: _Justi Velseri
Hagani, in Cebetis Thebani Tabulam Commentariorum Libri Sex, Totius
Moralis Philosophiæ Thesaurus._ The _Pinax_ commonly accompanies that
valuable little manual the _Enchiridion_ of Epictetus, of which that
excellent man John Evelyn, in a letter to Lord Cornbury, thus speaks:

  "Besides the Divine precepts, I could never receive anything from
  Philosophy that was able to add a graine to my courage upon the
  intellectual assaults like that _Enchiridion_ and little weapon of
  Epictetus: 'Nunquam te quicquam perdidisse dicito, sed
  reddidisse,' says he: 'Filius obijt? redditus est.' It is in his
  15th chapter. You cannot imagine what that little target will
  encounter. _I never go abroad without it in my pocket._ What an
  incomparable guard is that: τὰ δὲ οὐκ ἐφ' ἡμῖν, cap.
  i., where he discourses of the things which _are_, and _are not_
  in our power. I know, my Lord, you employ your retirements nobly;
  weare this defensive for my sake,--I had almost said this
  _Christian Office_."

    S. W. SINGER.

"_The Groves of Blarney_" (Vol. iii., p. 495.).--In a little volume of
the _Songs of Ireland_, forming one of the series called Duffy's
_Library of Ireland_, Dublin, 1845, this song is given. In the
introductory notice it is said to be by Mr. R. A. Milliken, a native of
Cork. The passage referred to by your correspondent stands thus in this
version, which is said to be taken from Croker's _Popular Songs of

      "There's statues gracing
      This noble place in--
      All heathen gods,
      And nymphs so fair;
      Bold Neptune, Plutarch,
      And Nicodemus,
      All standing naked
      In the open air!"

Mr. Maloney, in his late account of the "palace made o' windows," has
evidently had these verses in his mind; and in his observations on the
"statues gracing _that_ noble place in," has adverted to their like
peculiar predicament with the characteristic modesty of his nation.

    S. H.

On this subject permit me to observe that a change has "come o'er the
spirit of its dream." A later poet, in celebrating the praises of the
lake as the only place unchanged, says:

      "Sweet Blarney Castle, that was _wanst_ so ancient,
        Is gone to ruin, och! and waste, and bare
      Neptune and Plutarch is by Mrs. Deane[3] sent
        To Ballintemple, to watch praties there."

  [Footnote 3: Now Lady Deane.]


_Tennyson's Lord of Burleigh_ (Vol. iii., p. 493.).--The poem of "The
Lord of Burleigh" is founded upon a supposed romance connected with the
marriage of the late Marquis of Exeter with his second wife, Miss
Hoggins. This marriage has also formed the groundwork of a play entitled
_The Lord of Burghley_, published by Churton in 1845. The story of the
courtship and marriage perpetuated by this poem, may be found in the
_Illustrated London News_ of the 16th November, 1844, having been
copied into that paper from the _Guide to Burghley House_, pp. 36.,
published by Drakard in 1812.

A very slight tinge of romance attends the real facts of this union,
which took place when the late Marquis was Mr. Henry Cecil. The lady was
not of so lowly an origin as the fiction relates. Mr. Cecil did not
become the Lord of Burghley until the death of his uncle, the 9th Earl
of Exeter, two years after this marriage, up to which time he resided at
Bolas, Salop, the residence of his wife before her marriage, and there
the two eldest of their _four_ children were born. The Countess of
Exeter died greatly beloved and respected at the early age of
twenty-four, having been married nearly seven years.

    J. P. JUN.

_Bicêtre_ (Vol. iii., p. 518.)--It was certainly anciently called
Vincestre. It is so in Monstrelêt, whose history begins about 1400. One
of the treaties between the Burgundians and Orleanists was made there.
President Hénault says (under Charles VI.) that this castle belonged to
John, Bishop of Winchester. If he is right in the Christian name, he
must mean _had_ belonged, not _appartenoit_, for the John Bishops that I
find in Britton's list are:

                            Elected.    Died.
      John of Oxon            1261      1267
      John de Pontessara      1282      1304
      John de Sandale         1316      1319
      John de Stratford       1323      1333

    C. B.

_On a Passage in Dryden_ (Vol. iii., p. 492.).--MR. BREEN appears to me
decidedly wrong in the view he takes of the passage he quotes from
Dryden. In the first place, he commits the mistake of assuming that
Dryden is expressing his own opinion, or speaking in his own person. The
fact is, however, that the speaker is Torresmond. Torresmond is "mad"
enough to love the queen; he has already spoken of the "madness of his
high attempt," he says he raves; and when the queen offers to give him
counsel for his cure, he says he wishes _not_ be cured:

                "There is a pleasure, _sure_,
      In being mad, which none but madmen know!"

This is inference, not assertion. Whether it be natural or not, I will
not say, but I can see no blunder.

    S. H.

_Derivation of Yankee_ (Vol. iii., p. 461.).--Washington Irving, in his
_Knickerbocker's History of New York_, gives the same derivation of
"Yankee" that is quoted from Dr. Turnbull and from Mr. Richmond.
Irving's authority is, I believe, earlier than both these. Is the
derivation his? and if his, is he in earnest in giving it? I ask this,
not because I have reason to doubt in this instance either his
seriousness or his philological accuracy, but by way of inserting a
caution on behalf of the unwary. I have read or heard of a learned
German who quoted that book as veritable history. The philology may be
as baseless as the narrative. It is a happy suggestion of a derivation
at all events, be it in jest or in earnest.

    E. J. S.

_Ferrante Pallavicino_ (Vol. iii., pp. 478. 523.).--Your correspondent
CHARLES O'SOULEY will find some account of Ferrante Pallavicino in
Chalmers, or any other biographical dictionary; and a very complete one
in the _Dictionnaire Historique_ of Prosper Marchand. The manuscript he
possesses has been printed more than once; it first appeared in the
_Opere Scelte di Ferrante Pallavicino_ printed at Geneva, but with the
imprint Villafranca, 1660, 12mo., of which there are several
reimpressions. It is there entitled _La Disgratia del Conte D'Olivares_,
and bears the fictitious subscription of "Madrid li 28 Gennaro, 1643,"
at the end. If the MS. was written at Genoa, it is most probably only a
transcript; for Pallavicino was resident at Venice when it appears to
have been written, and was soon after trepanned by a vile caitiff named
Charles de Bresche _alias_ De Morfu, a Frenchman employed by the Pope's
nuncio Vitellio, into the power of those whom his writings had incensed,
and was by them put to death at Avignon in 1644.

    S. W. SINGER.



The reputation which Mr. Foss acquired as a diligent investigator of
legal antiquities, and an impartial biographer of those who have won for
themselves seats on the woolsack or the bench, by the publication of the
first two volumes of his _Judges of England, with Sketches of their
Lives, and Miscellaneous Notices connected with the Courts at
Westminster from the time of the Conquest_, will be more than confirmed
by the third and fourth volumes, which have just been issued. In these,
which are devoted to the Judges who flourished between the years 1272
and 1485--that is to say, from the reign of Edward I. to that of Richard
III. inclusive, Mr. Foss has added 473 to his former list of 580 Judges;
and when we say, that every biography shows with what diligence, and we
may add with what intelligence, Mr. Foss has waded through all available
sources of information, including particularly the voluminous
publications of the late Record Commission, we have done more than
sufficient to justify our opening statement, and to recommend his work
to the favourable notice of all lovers of historical truth. To the
general reader the surveys of the reigns, in which Mr. Foss points out
not only everything remarkable connected with the law, but the gradual
development of our legal system, will be by no means the least
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successive institution of the several Inns of Court and Chancery, and
also of the three different Inns occupied by the Judges and Serjeants,
will be found of great interest to the topographical antiquary.

Messrs. Sotheby and Wilkinson will sell, on Friday and Saturday next, a
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issued with our next Number_.

J. O. B. _The oft-quoted line_--

      "Tempora mutantur," &c.,

_is from a poem by Borbonius_. _See_ "NOTES AND QUERIES," Vol. i., pp.
234. 419.


      "_Fine_ by degrees, and beautifully less,"

(_not_ small, _as it is too frequently misquoted_), _is from Prior's_
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Printed by THOMAS CLARK SHAW, of No. 8. New Street Square, at No. 5. New
Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride in the City of London; and
published by GEORGE BELL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St.
Dunstan in the West, in the City of London. Publisher, at No. 186. Fleet
Street aforesaid.--Saturday, July 5, 1851.

      [List of volumes and pages in "Notes and Queries", Vol. I-III]

      | Notes and Queries Vol. I.                                   |
      | Vol., No.     | Date, Year        | Pages     | PG # xxxxx  |
      | Vol. I No.  1 | November  3, 1849 |   1 -  17 | PG #  8603  |
      | Vol. I No.  2 | November 10, 1849 |  18 -  32 | PG # 11265  |
      | Vol. I No.  3 | November 17, 1849 |  33 -  46 | PG # 11577  |
      | Vol. I No.  4 | November 24, 1849 |  49 -  63 | PG # 13513  |
      | Vol. I No.  5 | December  1, 1849 |  65 -  80 | PG # 11636  |
      | Vol. I No.  6 | December  8, 1849 |  81 -  95 | PG # 13550  |
      | Vol. I No.  7 | December 15, 1849 |  97 - 112 | PG # 11651  |
      | Vol. I No.  8 | December 22, 1849 | 113 - 128 | PG # 11652  |
      | Vol. I No.  9 | December 29, 1849 | 130 - 144 | PG # 13521  |
      | Vol. I No. 10 | January   5, 1850 | 145 - 160 | PG #        |
      | Vol. I No. 11 | January  12, 1850 | 161 - 176 | PG # 11653  |
      | Vol. I No. 12 | January  19, 1850 | 177 - 192 | PG # 11575  |
      | Vol. I No. 13 | January  26, 1850 | 193 - 208 | PG # 11707  |
      | Vol. I No. 14 | February  2, 1850 | 209 - 224 | PG # 13558  |
      | Vol. I No. 15 | February  9, 1850 | 225 - 238 | PG # 11929  |
      | Vol. I No. 16 | February 16, 1850 | 241 - 256 | PG # 16193  |
      | Vol. I No. 17 | February 23, 1850 | 257 - 271 | PG # 12018  |
      | Vol. I No. 18 | March     2, 1850 | 273 - 288 | PG # 13544  |
      | Vol. I No. 19 | March     9, 1850 | 289 - 309 | PG # 13638  |
      | Vol. I No. 20 | March    16, 1850 | 313 - 328 | PG # 16409  |
      | Vol. I No. 21 | March    23, 1850 | 329 - 343 | PG # 11958  |
      | Vol. I No. 22 | March    30, 1850 | 345 - 359 | PG # 12198  |
      | Vol. I No. 23 | April     6, 1850 | 361 - 376 | PG # 12505  |
      | Vol. I No. 24 | April    13, 1850 | 377 - 392 | PG # 13925  |
      | Vol. I No. 25 | April    20, 1850 | 393 - 408 | PG # 13747  |
      | Vol. I No. 26 | April    27, 1850 | 409 - 423 | PG # 13822  |
      | Vol. I No. 27 | May       4, 1850 | 425 - 447 | PG # 13712  |
      | Vol. I No. 28 | May      11, 1850 | 449 - 463 | PG # 13684  |
      | Vol. I No. 29 | May      18, 1850 | 465 - 479 | PG # 15197  |
      | Vol. I No. 30 | May      25, 1850 | 481 - 495 | PG # 13713  |
      | Notes and Queries Vol. II.                                  |
      | Vol., No.      | Date, Year         | Pages   | PG # xxxxx  |
      | Vol. II No. 31 | June  1, 1850      |   1- 15 | PG # 12589  |
      | Vol. II No. 32 | June  8, 1850      |  17- 32 | PG # 15996  |
      | Vol. II No. 33 | June 15, 1850      |  33- 48 | PG # 26121  |
      | Vol. II No. 34 | June 22, 1850      |  49- 64 | PG # 22127  |
      | Vol. II No. 35 | June 29, 1850      |  65- 79 | PG # 22126  |
      | Vol. II No. 36 | July  6, 1850      |  81- 96 | PG # 13361  |
      | Vol. II No. 37 | July 13, 1850      |  97-112 | PG # 13729  |
      | Vol. II No. 38 | July 20, 1850      | 113-128 | PG # 13362  |
      | Vol. II No. 39 | July 27, 1850      | 129-143 | PG # 13736  |
      | Vol. II No. 40 | August  3, 1850    | 145-159 | PG # 13389  |
      | Vol. II No. 41 | August 10, 1850    | 161-176 | PG # 13393  |
      | Vol. II No. 42 | August 17, 1850    | 177-191 | PG # 13411  |
      | Vol. II No. 43 | August 24, 1850    | 193-207 | PG # 13406  |
      | Vol. II No. 44 | August 31, 1850    | 209-223 | PG # 13426  |
      | Vol. II No. 45 | September  7, 1850 | 225-240 | PG # 13427  |
      | Vol. II No. 46 | September 14, 1850 | 241-256 | PG # 13462  |
      | Vol. II No. 47 | September 21, 1850 | 257-272 | PG # 13936  |
      | Vol. II No. 48 | September 28, 1850 | 273-288 | PG # 13463  |
      | Vol. II No. 49 | October  5, 1850   | 289-304 | PG # 13480  |
      | Vol. II No. 50 | October 12, 1850   | 305-320 | PG # 13551  |
      | Vol. II No. 51 | October 19, 1850   | 321-351 | PG # 15232  |
      | Vol. II No. 52 | October 26, 1850   | 353-367 | PG # 22624  |
      | Vol. II No. 53 | November  2, 1850  | 369-383 | PG # 13540  |
      | Vol. II No. 54 | November  9, 1850  | 385-399 | PG # 22138  |
      | Vol. II No. 55 | November 16, 1850  | 401-415 | PG # 15216  |
      | Vol. II No. 56 | November 23, 1850  | 417-431 | PG # 15354  |
      | Vol. II No. 57 | November 30, 1850  | 433-454 | PG # 15405  |
      | Vol. II No. 58 | December  7, 1850  | 457-470 | PG # 21503  |
      | Vol. II No. 59 | December 14, 1850  | 473-486 | PG # 15427  |
      | Vol. II No. 60 | December 21, 1850  | 489-502 | PG # 24803  |
      | Vol. II No. 61 | December 28, 1850  | 505-524 | PG # 16404  |
      | Notes and Queries Vol. III.                                 |
      | Vol., No.       | Date, Year        | Pages   | PG # xxxxx  |
      | Vol. III No. 62 | January  4, 1851  |   1- 15 | PG # 15638  |
      | Vol. III No. 63 | January 11, 1851  |  17- 31 | PG # 15639  |
      | Vol. III No. 64 | January 18, 1851  |  33- 47 | PG # 15640  |
      | Vol. III No. 65 | January 25, 1851  |  49- 78 | PG # 15641  |
      | Vol. III No. 66 | February  1, 1851 |  81- 95 | PG # 22339  |
      | Vol. III No. 67 | February  8, 1851 |  97-111 | PG # 22625  |
      | Vol. III No. 68 | February 15, 1851 | 113-127 | PG # 22639  |
      | Vol. III No. 69 | February 22, 1851 | 129-159 | PG # 23027  |
      | Vol. III No. 70 | March  1, 1851    | 161-174 | PG # 23204  |
      | Vol. III No. 71 | March  8, 1851    | 177-200 | PG # 23205  |
      | Vol. III No. 72 | March 15, 1851    | 201-215 | PG # 23212  |
      | Vol. III No. 73 | March 22, 1851    | 217-231 | PG # 23225  |
      | Vol. III No. 74 | March 29, 1851    | 233-255 | PG # 23282  |
      | Vol. III No. 75 | April  5, 1851    | 257-271 | PG # 23402  |
      | Vol. III No. 76 | April 12, 1851    | 273-294 | PG # 26896  |
      | Vol. III No. 77 | April 19, 1851    | 297-311 | PG # 26897  |
      | Vol. III No. 78 | April 26, 1851    | 313-342 | PG # 26898  |
      | Vol. III No. 79 | May  3, 1851      | 345-359 | PG # 26899  |
      | Vol. III No. 80 | May 10, 1851      | 361-382 | PG # 32495  |
      | Vol. III No. 81 | May 17, 1851      | 385-399 | PG # 29318  |
      | Vol. III No. 82 | May 24, 1851      | 401-415 | PG # 28311  |
      | Vol. III No. 83 | May 31, 1851      | 417-440 | PG # 36835  |
      | Vol. III No. 84 | June 7, 1851      | 441-472 | PG # 37379  |
      | Vol. III No. 85 | June 14, 1851     | 473-488 | PG # 37403  |
      | Vol. III No. 86 | June 21, 1851     | 489-511 | PG # 37496  |
      | Vol. III No. 87 | June 28, 1851     | 513-528 | PG # 37516  |
      | Vol I. Index. [Nov. 1849-May 1850]            | PG # 13536  |
      | INDEX TO THE SECOND VOLUME. MAY-DEC., 1850    | PG # 13571  |
      | INDEX TO THE THIRD VOLUME. JAN.-JUNE, 1851    | PG # 26770  |


*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Notes and Queries, Vol. IV, Number 88, July 5, 1851 - A Medium of Inter-communication for Literary Men, Artists, - Antiquaries, Genealogists, etc." ***

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