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Title: The Rolliad, in Two Parts - Probationary Odes for the Laureatship & Political Eclogues
Author: Laurence, French, Ellis, George, Tickell, Richard, Richardson, Joseph
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Rolliad, in Two Parts - Probationary Odes for the Laureatship & Political Eclogues" ***

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    Criticisms on the Rolliad. Part the First
    Ditto. Part the Second

    The Rose
    The Lyars
    Margaret Nicholson
    Charles Jenkinson

    Preliminary Discourse
    Thoughts on Ode Writing
    Recommendatory Testimonies
    Account of Mr. Warton’s Ascension
    Laureat Election
    ODE, by Sir C. Wray, Bart.
    Ditto, by Lord Mulgrave
    Ditto, by Sir Joseph Mawbey, Bart.
    Ditto, by Sir Richard Hill, Bart.
    Ditto, by Mr. Macpherson
    Ditto, by Mr. Mason
    Ditto, by the Attorney-General
    Ditto, by N. W. Wraxhall, Esq.
    Ditto, by Sir G. P. Turner, Bart.
    Ditto, by M. A. Taylor, Esq.
    Ditto, by Major John Scott, M. P.
    Ditto, by Henry Dundas, Esq.
    Ditto, by Dr. Joseph Warton
    Ditto, by Lord Mountmorres
    Ditto, by Lord Thurlow
    Ditto, by Dr. Prettyman
    Ditto, by the Marquis of Graham
    Second ODE, by Lord Mountmorres
    Ditto, by Sir George Howard, K. B.
    Ditto, by Abp. Markham
    Official Ode, by the Rev. Thomas Warton
    Proclamation, &c.
    Table of Instructions

    Address to the Public
    Ode extraordinary, by the Rev. W. Mason
    The Statesman, an Eclogue
    Epigrams on the Immaculate Boy
    The Delavaliad
    This is the House that George built
    Epigrams by Sir Cecil Wray
    Lord Graham’s Diary
    Extracts from Second Volume of Lord Mulgrave’s Essays on Eloquence
    Anecdotes of Mr. Pitt
    Letter from a new Member to his Friend in the Country
    The Political Receipt Book
    Hints from Dr. Prettyman to the Premier’s Porter
    A Tale
    Dialogue between a certain Personage and his Minister
    Prettymaniana.--Epigrams on the Rev. Dr. P--------’s Duplicity
    ------Foreign Epigrams
    Advertisement Extraordinary
    Vive le Scrutiny; Cross Gospel the First
    ----------------- Cross Gospel the Second
    Paragraph Office, Ivy-lane.--Proclamation
    Pitt and Pinetti, a Parallel
    New Abstract from the Budget
    Theatrical Intelligence extraordinary
    The Westminster Guide, Part I.
    ---------------------- Part II.
    Inscription, to the Memory of the late Marquis of Rockingham
    Epigrams on one Pigot
    Billy Eden, or the Renegado Scout, a Ballad
    Epigrams on Sir Elijah Impey refusing to resign his gown as
                                               Chief Justice of Bengal
    Original Letter
    A Congratulatory Ode
    Ode to Sir Elijah Impey
    Master Billy’s Budget.--A new Song
    Ministerial undoubted Facts
    Journal of the Right Hon. Henry Dundas
    Translations of Lord Belgrave’s memorable quotation


Three very large impressions of the following work being already sold,
and the demand for it daily increasing, it is now a fourth time
submitted to the Public, revised and corrected from the many literal
errors, which, with every precaution, will too often deform a first
edition; especially when circumstances render an early publication

                    *     *     *     *     *

In the present edition some few alterations have been made, but
none of any considerable magnitude; except that the Appendix of
Miscellaneous Pieces is here suppressed. This has been done, in some
degree, for the conveniency of binding this first part of the
CRITICISMS ON THE ROLLIAD with the second; but more, indeed, in
consequence of a design, which we at present entertain, of printing
most of those pieces with other productions of the same Authors in
one octavo volume, under the title of POLITICAL MISCELLANIES.

                    *     *     *     *     *

As the bulk and matter of the book are thus diminished, the price also
is proportionally reduced. Where the CRITICISMS seem to require any
elucidation from the contents of the former Appendix, extracts are
now given at the bottom of the page instead of the references in our
former Editions.

                    *     *     *     *     *

This slight change we flatter ourselves will not be disapproved by
the Public; and we hope, that they will not receive with a less degree
of favour the intimation here given of the Miscellaneous Volume, which
will probably be published in the course of the ensuing winter.


The CRITICISMS ON THE ROLLIAD, in their original form, excited such
a general curiosity, that three spurious editions have already been
sold, independently of their publication in various of the Daily
Papers, and Monthly Magazines. Such a marked testimony in their
favour, cannot but be peculiarly flattering to us. We therefore
thought it incumbent on us in return, to exert our utmost endeavours
in rendering them, as far as our judgment will direct us, yet more
worthy of that attention with which they have been honoured, imperfect
as they fell from us, through a channel, that did not seem necessarily
to demand any very great degree of precision.

In the present edition some few passages have been expunged; others
softened; many enlarged; more corrected; and two whole numbers, with
the greater part of a third, are altogether new. A poeticoprosaical
Dedication to SIR LLOYD KENYON, now Lord Chief Justice of the
Court of King’s Bench, has also been added; and an Appendix is now
given, consisting of Miscellaneous Pieces, to which the Criticisms
incidentally refer.

                    *     *     *     *     *

It may perhaps give offence to some very chastized judgments, that in
this our authentic edition, we have subjoined notes on a professed
commentary. Some short explanations, however, appeared occasionally
necessary, more especially as the subjects of Political Wit in their
very nature are fugitive and evanescent. We only fear that our
illustrations have not been sufficiently frequent, as we have
privately been asked to what “Mr. Hardinge’s Arithmetic” in the
Dedication alluded; so little impression was made on the public by
the learned Gentleman’s elaborate calculation of the Orations spoken,
and the time expended in the discussion of the Westminster Scrutiny!
Indeed, we have known persons even ignorant that Sir Lloyd Kenyon
voted for his stables.

This Edition has further been ornamented with a Tree of the Genealogy,
and the Arms, Motto, and Crest of the ROLLOS, now ROLLES; for an
explanation of which we beg leave to refer the reader to page xiii.
The Genealogy is likewise given at full length from the Morning
Herald, where it was originally published, and was probably the
foundation of the ROLLIAD. It is therefore inserted in its proper
place, before the first extract from the Dedication to the Poem, which
immediately preceded the first Numbers of the CRITICISMS.


The FRONTISPIECE represents Duke ROLLO, with his Sword and Ducal
Coronet lying by his side. It is supposed to be a striking likeness,
and was copied from a painting in the Window of a Church at Rouen
in Normandy. From this illustrious Warrior springs a Tree of the
Genealogy of the ROLLOS, now ROLLES. The most eminent of this great
Family alone are noticed. The particulars of their history may be
found in page xxix and xxx.
[Transcriber’s note: Refers to
    ‘Short Account of the Family of the Rollos’]

                    *     *     *     *     *

The TITLE-PAGE exhibits the Arms, Motto, and Crest of the Family.
The Arms are, Three French Rolls, Or, between two Rolls of Parchment,
Proper, placed in form of a Cheveron on a Field Argent--The Motto is
_Jouez bien votre Róle_, or, as we have sometimes seen it
spelt--_Rolle_. The Crest, which has been lately changed by the present
Mr. ROLLE, is a half-length of the Master of the Rolls, like a Lion
demi-rampant with a Roll of Parchment instead of a Pheon’s Head
between his Paws.

To Sir Lloyd Kenyan, Bart.


It was originally my intention to have dedicated the CRITICISMS on
the ROLLIAD, as the ROLLIAD itself is dedicated, to the illustrious
character, from whose hereditary name the Poem derives its title;
and[1], as I some time since apprized the public, I had actually
obtained his permission to lay this little work at his feet. No
sooner, however, was he made acquainted with my after-thought of
inscribing my book to your honour, but, with the liberality, which
ever marks a great mind, he wrote to me of his own accord, declaring
his compleat acquiescence in the propriety of the alteration. For if
I may take the liberty of transcribing his own ingenuous and modest
expression, “I am myself,” said he, “but _a simple Rolle_; SIR LLOYD
KENYON _is a Master of Rolls_.”

  Great ROLLO’s heir, whose cough, whose laugh, whose groan,
  The’ Antæus EDMUND has so oft o’erthrown:
  Whose cry of “question” silenc’d CHARLES’s sense;
  That cry, more powerful than PITT’s eloquence;
  Ev’n he, thus high in glory, as in birth,
  Yields willing way to thy superior worth.

Indeed, if I had not been so happy as to receive this express sanction
of Mr. ROLLE’s concurrence, I should nevertheless have thought myself
justified in presuming it, from the very distinguished testimony which
he has lately borne to your merits, by taking a demi-rampant of YOUR
HONOUR for his crest; a circumstance, in my opinion, so highly
complimentary to your honour, that I was studious to have it as
extensively known as possible. I have therefore given directions to
my Publisher, to exhibit your portrait, with the ROLLE ARMS, and
Motto, by way of Vignette in the Title Page; that displayed, as I
trust it will be, at the Window of every Bookseller in Great-Britain,
it may thus attract the admiration of the most incurious, as they pass
along the streets. This solicitude, to diffuse the knowledge of your
person, as widely as your fame, may possibly occasion some little
distress to your modesty; yet permit me to hope, SIR LLOYD, that the
motive will plead my pardon; and, perhaps, even win the approbation of
your smile; if you can be supposed to smile without offence to the
gravity of that nature, which seems from your very birth to have
marked you for a Judge.

  Behold the’ Engraver’s mimic labours trace
  The sober image of that sapient face:
  See him, in each peculiar charm exact,
  Below dilate it, and above contract;
  For Nature thus, inverting her design,
  From vulgar ovals hath distinguish’d thine:
  See him each nicer character supply,
  The pert no-meaning puckering round the eye,
  The mouth in plaits precise demurely clos’d,
  Each order’d feature, and each line compos’d,
  Where Wisdom sits a-squat, in starch disguise,
  Like Dulness couch’d, to catch us by surprise.
  And now he spreads around thy pomp of wig,
  In owl-like pride of legal honour’s big;
  That wig, which once of curl on curl profuse,
  In well-kept buckle stiff, and smugly spruce,
  Deck’d the plain Pleader; then in nobler taste,
  With well-frizz’d bush the’ Attorney-General grac’d;
  And widely waving now with ampler flow,
  Still with thy titles and thy fame shall grow,
  Behold, SIR LLOYD, and while with fond delight
  The dear resemblance feasts thy partial sight,
  Smile, if thou canst; and, smiling on this book,
  Cast the glad omen of one favouring look.

But it is on public grounds, that I principally wish to vindicate my
choice of YOUR HONOUR for my Patron. The ROLLIAD, I have reason
to believe, owed its existence to the [2] memorable speech of the
Member of Devonshire on the first Discussion of the Westminster
Scrutiny, when he so emphatically proved himself the genuine
descendant of DUKE ROLLO; and in the noble contempt which he avowed,
for the boasted rights of Electors, seemed to breathe the very soul
of his great progenitor, who came to extirpate the liberties of
Englishmen with the sword. It must be remembered, however, that
Your Honour ministered the occasion to his glory. You, SIR LLOYD,
have ever been reputed the immediate Author of the Scrutiny. Your
opinion is said to have been privately consulted on the framing of
the Return; and your public defence of the High-Bailiff’s proceeding,
notoriously furnished MR. ROLLO, and the other friends of the
Minister, with all the little argument, which they advanced against
the objected exigency of the Writ. You taught them to reverence that
holy thing, the Conscience of a Returning Officer, above all Law,
Precedent, Analogy, Public Expediency, and the popular Right of
Representation, to which our Forefathers erroneously paid religious
respect, as to the most sacred franchise of our Constitution. You
prevailed on them to manifest an impartiality singularly honourable;
and to prefer the sanctity of this single Conscience, to a round dozen
of the most immaculate consciences, chosen in the purest possible
manner from their own _pure House of Commons_.

  Thine is the glorious measure; thine alone:
  Thee father of the Scrutiny, we own.
  Ah! without thee what treasures had we lost,
  More worth than twenty Scrutinies would cost!
  To’ instruct the Vestry, and convince the House,
  What Law from MURPHY! what plain sense from ROUS!
  What wit from MULGRAVE! from DUNDAS, what truth!
  What perfect virtue from the VIRTUOUS YOUTH!
  What deep research from ARDEN the profound!
  What argument from BEARCROFT ever sound!
  By MUNCASTER, what generous offers made;
  By HARDINGE, what arithmetic display’d!
  And, oh! what rhetoric, from MAHON that broke
  In printed speeches, which he never spoke!
  Ah! without thee, what worth neglected long,
  Had wanted still its dearest meed of song!
  In vain high-blooded ROLLE, unknown to fame,
  Had boasted still the honours of his name:
  In vain had exercis’d his noble spleen
  On BURKE and FOX--the ROLLIAD had not been.

But, alas! SIR LLOYD, at the very moment, while I am writing,
intelligence has reached me, that the Scrutiny is at an end. Your
favourite measure is no more. The child of your affection has met
a sudden and a violent fate. I trust, however, that “the Ghost of
the departed Scrutiny” (in the bold but beautiful language of MR.
DUNDAS) will yet haunt the spot, where it was brought forth, where
it was fostered, and where it fell. Like the Ghost of Hamlet it shall
be a perturbed spirit, though it may not come in a questionable shape.
It shall fleet before the eyes of those to whom it was dear,
to admonish them, how they rush into future dangers; to make known
the secret of its private hoards; or to confess to them the sins of
its former days, and to implore their piety, that they would give
peace to its shade, by making just reparation. Perhaps too, it may
sometimes visit the murderer, like the ghost of Banquo, to dash his
joys. It cannot indeed rise up in its proper form to push him from
his seat, yet it may assume some other formidable appearance to be
his eternal tormentor. These, however, are but visionary consolations,
while every loyal bosom must feel substantial affliction from the late
iniquitous vote, tyrannically compelling the High-Bailiff to make a
return after an enquiry of nine months only; especially when you had
so lately armed him with all power necessary to make his enquiry

  [3] Ah! how shall I the’ unrighteous vote bewail?
  Again corrupt Majorities prevail.
  Poor CORBETT’s Conscience, tho’ a little loth,
  Must blindly gape, and gulp the’ untasted oath;
  If he, whose conscience never felt a qualm,
  If GROGAN fail the good man’s doubts to calm.
  No more shall MORGAN, for his six months’ hire,
  Contend, that FOX should share the’ expence of fire;
  Whole Sessions shall he _croak_, nor bear away
  The price, that paid the silence of a day:
  No more, till COLLICK some new story hatch,
  Long-winded ROUS for hours shall praise Dispatch;
  COLLICK to Whigs and Warrants back shall slink,
  And ROUS, a Pamphleteer, re-plunge in ink:
  MURPHY again French Comedies shall steal,
  Call them his own, and garble, to conceal;
  Or, pilfering still, and patching without grace
  His thread-bare shreds of Virgil out of place,
  With Dress and Scenery, Attitude and Trick,
  Swords, Daggers, Shouts, and Trumpets in the nick,
  With Ahs! and Ohs! Starts, Pauses, Rant, and Rage,
  Give a new GRECIAN DAUGHTER to the stage:
  But, Oh, SIR CECIL!--Fled to shades again
  From the proud roofs, which here he raised in vain,
  He seeks, unhappy! with the Muse to cheer
  His rising griefs, or drown them in small-beer!
  Alas! the Muse capricious flies the hour
  When most we need her, and the beer is sour:
  Mean time Fox thunders faction uncontroul’d,
  Crown’d with fresh laurels, from new triumphs bold.

These general evils arising from the termination of the Scrutiny,
YOUR HONOUR, I doubt not, will sincerely lament in common with all
true lovers of their King and Country. But in addition to these, you,
SIR LLOYD, have particular cause to regret, that [4] “the last hair in
this tail of procrastination” is plucked. I well know, what eager
anxiety you felt to establish the suffrage, which you gave, as the
delegate of your Coach-horses: and I unaffectedly condole with you,
that you have lost this great opportunity of displaying your
unfathomable knowledge and irresistible logic to the confusion of
your enemies. How learnedly would you have quoted the memorable
instance of Darius, who was elected King of Persia by the casting
vote of his Horse! Though indeed the merits of that election have been
since impeached, not from any alledged illegality of the vote itself,
if it had been fairly given; but because some jockeyship has been
suspected, and the voter, it has been said, was bribed the night
before the election! How ably too would you have applied the case
of Caligula’s horse, who was chosen Consul of Rome! For if he was
capable of being elected (you would have said) _à fortiori_, there
could have been no natural impediment to his being an elector; since
_omne majus continet in se minus_, and the trust is certainly greater
to fill the first offices of the state, than to have one share among
many in appointing to them. Neither can I suppose that you would have
omitted so grave and weighty an authority as Captain Gulliver, who,
in the course of his voyages, discovered a country, where Horses
discharged every Duty of Political Society. You might then have passed
to the early history of our own island, and have expatiated on the
known veneration in which horses were held by our Saxon Ancestors;
who, by the way, are supposed also to have been the founders
of Parliaments. You might have touched on their famous standard;
digressed to the antiquities of the White Horse, in Berkshire, and
other similar monuments in different counties; and from thence have
urged the improbability, that when they instituted elections, they
should have neglected the rights of an animal, thus highly esteemed
and almost sanctified among them. I am afraid indeed, that with all
your Religion and Loyalty, you could not have made much use of the
White Horse of Death, or the White Horse of Hanover. But, for a
_bonne bouche_, how beautifully might you have introduced your
favourite maxim of _ubi ratio, ibi jus!_ and to prove the reason of
the thing, how convincingly might you have descanted, in an elegant
panegyric on the virtues and abilities of horses, from Xanthus the
Grecian Conjuring Horse, whose prophecies are celebrated by Homer,
down to the Learned Little Horse over Westminster Bridge! with whom
you might have concluded, lamenting that, as he is not an Elector,
the Vestry could not have the assistance of one, capable of doing
so much more justice to the question than yourself!--Pardon me,
SIR LLOYD, that I have thus attempted to follow the supposed course
of your oratory. I feel it to be truly inimitable. Yet such was the
impression made on my mind by some of YOUR HONOUR’s late reasonings
respecting the Scrutiny, that I could not withstand the involuntary
impulse of endeavouring, for my own improvement, to attain some faint
likeness of that wonderful pertinency and cogency, which I so much
admired in the great original.

  How shall the neighing kind thy deeds requite,
  Great YAHOO Champion of the HOUYHNHNM’s right?
  In grateful memory may thy dock-tail pair,
  Unarm’d convey thee with sure-footed care.
  Oh! may they, gently pacing o’er the stones,
  With no rude shock annoy thy batter’d bones,
  Crush thy judicial cauliflow’r, and down
  Shower the mix’d lard and powder o’er thy gown;
  Or in unseemly wrinkles crease that band,
  Fair work of fairer LADY KENYON’s hand.
  No!--May the pious brutes, with measur’d swing,
  Assist the friendly motion of the spring,
  While golden dreams of perquisites and fees
  Employ thee, slumbering o’er thine own decrees.
  But when a Statesman in St. Stephen’s walls
  Thy Country claims thee, and the Treasury calls,
  To pour thy splendid bile in bitter tide
  On hardened sinners who with Fox divide,
  Then may they, rattling on in jumbling trot,
  With rage and jolting make thee doubly hot,
  Fire thy Welch blood, enflamed with zeal and leeks,
  And kindle the red terrors of thy cheeks,
  Till all thy gather’d wrath in furious fit
  On RIGBY bursts--unless he votes with PITT.

I might here, SIR LLOYD, launch into a new panegyric on the subject
of this concluding couplet. But in this I shall imitate your
moderation, who, for reasons best known to yourself, have long
abandoned to MR ROLLE[5] “those loud and repeated calls on notorious
defaulters, which will never be forgiven by certain patriots.”
Besides, I consider your public-spirited behaviour in the late
Election and Scrutiny for Westminster, as the great monument of your
fame to all posterity. I have, therefore, dwelt on this--more
especially as it was immediately connected with the origin of the
ROLLIAD--till my dedication has run to such a length, that I cannot
think of detaining your valuable time any longer; unless merely to
request your HONOUR’s zealous protection of a work which may be in
some sort attributed to you, as its ultimate cause, which is
embellished with your portrait, and which now records in this address,
the most brilliant exploit of your political glory.

  Choak’d by _a Roll_, ’tis said, that OTWAY died;
  OTWAY the Tragic Muse’s tender pride.
  Oh! may my ROLLE to me, thus favour’d, give
  A better fate;--that I may eat, and live!

    Most obedient,
      Most respectful,
        Most devoted, humble servant,
                             THE EDITOR.

[1] In a postscript originally subjoined to the eighth Number.

[2] Mr. Rolle said, “he could not be kept all the summer debating
about the rights of the Westminster electors. His private concerns
were of more importance to him; than his right as a Westminster

[3] I shall give the Reader in one continued note, what information
I think necessary for understanding these verses. During the six
months that the Scrutiny continued in St. Martin’s, the most
distinguished exhibition of Mr. Morgan’s talents was the maintenance
of an argument, that Mr. Fox ought to pay half the expence of fire
in the room where the Witnesses attended. The learned Gentleman is
familiarly called _Frog_, to which I presume the Author alludes in
the word _croak_. Mr. Rous spoke two hours to recommend Expedition.
At the time the late Parliament was dissolved, he wrote two Pamphlets
in favour of the Ministry. I have forgot the titles of these
pamphlets, as probably the reader has too, if he ever knew them.
However, I can assure him of the fact.--Mr. Collick, the
Witness-General of Sir Cecil Wray, is a Hair-Merchant and Justice
of Peace. Sir Cecil’s taste both for Poetry and Small-beer are well
known, as is the present unfinished state of his newly-fronted house in

[4] “This appears to be the last hair in the tail of procrastination”
The Master of the Rolls, who first used this phrase, is a most
eloquent speaker. See Lord Mulg. Essays on Eloquence, Vol. II.

[5] Mr. Ridgway tells me, he thinks there is something like these
words in one of the Reviews, where the ROLLIAD is criticised.


JOHN ROLLE, Esq. is descended from the ancient Duke ROLLO, of
Normandy; ROLLO passed over into Britain, anno 983, where he soon
begat another ROLLO, upon the wife of a Saxon drummer. Our young ROLLO
was distinguished by his gigantic stature, and, as we learn from
ODERICUS VITALIS, was slain by Hildebrand, the Danish Champion,
in a fit of jealousy. We find in Camden, that the race of the ROLLOS
fell into adversity in the reign of Stephen, and in the succeeding
reign, GASPAR DE ROLLO was an Ostler in Denbighshire.--But during
the unhappy contests of York and Lancaster, William de Wyrcester,
and the continuator of the annals of Croyland, have it, that the
ROLLOS became Scheriffes of Devon. “_Scheriffi Devonienses_ ROLLI
_fuerunt_”--and in another passage, “_arrestaverunt Debitores plurime_
ROLLORUM”--hence a doubt in Fabian, whether this ROLLO was not
Bailiff, _ipse potius quam Scheriffus_. From this period, however,
they gradually advanced in circumstances; ROLLO, in Henry the VIIIth,
being amerced in 800 marks for pilfering two manchetts of beef from
the King’s buttery, the which, saith Selden, _facillime payavit_.

In 7th and 8th of Phil. and Mar. three ROLLOS indeed were gibetted for
piracy, and from that date the family changed the final O of the name
into an E. In the latter annals of the ROLLOS now ROLLES, but little
of consequence is handed down to us. We have it that TIMOTHY ROLLE
of Plympton, in the 8th of Queen Anne, endowed three alms-houses
in said town. JEREMIAH his second son was counted the fattest man of
his day, and DOROTHEA ROLLE his third cousin died of a terrible
dysentery. From this period the ROLLES have burst upon public notice,
with such a blaze of splendour, as renders all further accounts of
this illustrious race entirely unnecessary.


  When Norman ROLLO sought fair Albion’s coast,
  (Long may his offspring prove their country’s boast!)
  Thy genius, Britain, sure inspir’d his soul
  To bless this Island with the race of ROLLE!
  Illustrious ROLLE! O may thy honour’d name
  _Roll_ down distinguish’d on the _Rolls_ of fame!
  Still first be found on Devon’s county polls!
  Still future Senates boast their future ROLLES!
  Since of all _Rolls_ which in this world we see,
  The world has ne’er produc’d a _Roll_ like thee.
  Hot _Rolls_ and butter break the Briton’s fast,
  Thy speeches yield a more sublime repast.
  Compar’d to thine, how small their boasted heat!
  Nor, mix’d with treacle, are they half so sweet.
  O’er _Rolls_ of parchment Antiquarians pore,
  Thy mind, O ROLLE, affords a richer store.
  Let those on law or history who write,
  To Rolls of Parliament resort for light,
  Whilst o’er our Senate, from our living ROLLE,
  Beam the bright rays of an enlightened soul;
  In wonder lost, we slight their useless stuff,
  And feel one ROLLE of Parliament enough.
  The skill’d musician to direct his band,
  Waves high a Roll of paper in his hand;
  When PITT would drown the eloquence of BURKE,
  You seem the ROLLE best suited to his work;
  His well-train’d band, obedient know their cue,
  And cough and groan in unison with you.
  Thy god-like ancestor, in valour tried,
  Still bravely fought by conqu’ring WILLIAM’s side:
  In British blood he drench’d his purple sword,
  Proud to partake the triumphs of his lord:
  So you, with zeal, support through each debate,
  The conqu’ring WILLIAM of a latter date:
  Whene’er he speaks, attentive still to chear
  The lofty nothing with a friendly “hear,”
  And proud your leader’s glory to promote,
  Partake his triumph in a faithful vote.
  Ah! sure while Coronets like hailstones fly,
  When Peers are made, the Gods alone know why,
  Thy hero’s gratitude, O ROLLE, to thee,
  A ducal diadem might well decree;
  Great ROLLO’s title to thy house restore,
  Let E usurp the place of O no more,                      }
  Then ROLLE himself should be what ROLLO was before.      }


                    *     *     *     *     *


  “Cedite Romani Scriptores, cedite Græci.”

Nothing can be more consonant to the advice of Horace and Aristotle,
than the conduct of our author throughout this Poem. The action is
one, entire and great event, being the procreation of a child on the
wife of a Saxon Drummer. The Poem opens with a most laboured and
masterly description of a storm. ROLLO’s state of mind in this arduous
situation is finely painted:

  Now ROLLO storms more loudly than the wind,
  Now doubts and black despair perplex his mind;
  Hopeless to see his vessel safely harbour’d,
  He hardly knows his starboard for his larboard!

That a hero in distress should not know his right hand from his left,
is most natural and affecting; in other hands, indeed, it would not
have appeared sufficiently poetical, but the technical expressions
of our author convey the idea in all the blaze of metaphor. The storm
at length subsides, and ROLLO is safely landed on the coast of Sussex.
His first exploit, like that of Æneas, is deer-stealing. He then sets
out in the disguise of a Sussex Smuggler, to obtain intelligence of
the country and its inhabitants:

  Wrapt in a close great-coat, he plods along;
  A seeming Smuggler, to deceive the throng.

This expedient of the Smuggler’s Great-coat, we must acknowledge,
is not quite so Epic, as the veil of clouds, with which Minerva in
the Odyssey, and Venus, in the Æneid, surround their respective
heroes. It is, however, infinitely more natural, and gains in
propriety, what it loses in sublimity. Thus disguised, our adventurer
arrives at the Country-house of Dame SHIPTON, a lady of exquisite
beauty, and first Concubine to the Usurper HAROLD. Her likeness
(as we all know) is still preserved at the wax-work in Fleet-Street.
To this lady ROLLO discovers himself, and is received by her in
the most hospitable manner. At supper, he relates to her, with great
modesty, his former actions, and his design of conquering England;
in which (charmed with the grace with which he eats and tells stories)
she promises to assist him, and they set off together for London.
In the third book Dame SHIPTON, or, as the author styles her,
SHIPTONIA, proposes a party to the puppet-show; on the walk they are
surprised by a shower, and retire under Temple-bar, where Shiptonia
forgets her fidelity to Harold. We are sorry to observe, that this
incident is not sufficiently poetical; nor does Shiptonia part with
her chastity in so solemn a manner as Dido in the Æneid. In the
opening of the fourth book, likewise, we think our author inferior
to Virgil, whom he exactly copies, and in some places translates;
he begins in this manner:

  But now (for thus it was decreed above)
  SHIPTONIA falls excessively in love;
  In every vein, great ROLLO’s eyes and fame
  Light up, and then add fuel to the flame!
  His words, his beauty, stick within her breast,
  Nor do her cares afford her any rest.

Here we think that Virgil’s “hærent infixi pectore vultus verbaque,”
is ill translated by the prosaic word _stick_. We must confess,
however, that from the despair and death of Shiptonia, to the battle
of Hastings, in which ROLLO kills with his own hand the Saxon Drummer,
and carries off his wife, the Poem abounds with beautiful details,
cold-blooded matter of facts. Critics may perhaps object that it
appears from the Genealogy of the Rollos, Duke ROLLO came to England
more than 60 years before the battle of Hastings: though the Poet
represents him as the principal hero in that memorable engagement.
But such deviations from history are among the common licences
of poetry. Thus Virgil, for the sake of a beautiful episode, makes
Dido live in the time of Æneas, whereas she lived in reality
200 years before the Trojan war; and if authority more in point be
desired, Mr. Cumberland wrote a Tragedy, called the Battle of
Hastings, in which there was not a single event, except the death of
Harold, that had the slightest foundation in historical facts, or even

But the sixth book, in which ROLLO, almost despairing of success,
descends into a Night Cellar to consult the illustrious MERLIN on
his future destiny, is a master-piece of elegance. In this book,
as the Philosopher’s magic lantern exhibits the characters of all
ROLLO’s descendants, and even all those who are to act on the same
stage with the Marcellus of the piece, the present illustrious
Mr. ROLLE, we mean to select in our next number some of the most
striking passages of this inexhaustible Magazine of Poetry!

                    *     *     *     *     *


Our author, after giving an account of the immediate descendants of
ROLLO, finds himself considerably embarrassed by the three unfortunate
ROLLOS[1], whom history relates to have been hanged. From this
difficulty, however, he relieves himself, by a contrivance equally new
and arduous, viz. by versifying the bill of indictment, and inserting
in it a flaw, by which they are saved from condemnation. But in the
transactions of those early times, however dignified the phraseology,
and enlivened by fancy, there is little to amaze and less to interest;
let us hasten, therefore, to those characters about whom not to be
solicitous, is to want curiosity, and whom not to admire, is to want
gratitude--to those characters, in short, whose splendour illuminates
the present House of Commons.

Of these, our author’s principal favourite appears to be that
amiable[2] young Nobleman, whose Diary we have all perused with
so much pleasure. Of him he says,--

  ------Superior to abuse,
  He nobly glories in the name of GOOSE;
  Such Geese at Rome from the perfidious Gaul
  Preserv’d the Treas’ry-Bench and Capitol, &c. &c.

In the description of Lord MAHON, our author departs a little from
his wonted gravity,--

  ------This Quixote of the Nation,
  Beats his own Windmills in gesticulation,
  To _Strike_, not _please_, his utmost force he bends,
  And all his sense is at his fingers ends, &c. &c.

But the most beautiful effort of our author’s genius (if we
except only the character of Mr. ROLLE himself) is contained
in the description of Mr. PITT.

  Pert without fire, without experience sage,
  Young with more art than SHELBURNE glean’d from age,
  loo proud from pilfer’d greatness to descend,
  Too humble not to call DUNDAS his friend,
  In solemn dignity and sullen state,
  This new Octavius rises to debate!
  Mild and more mild he sees each placid row
  Of Country Gentlemen with rapture glow;
  He sees, convuls’d with sympathetic throbs,
  Apprentice Peers, and deputy Nabobs!
  Nor Rum Contractors think his speech too long,
  While words, like treacle, trickle from his Tongue!
  O Soul congenial to the Souls of ROLLES!
  Whether you tax the luxury of Coals,
  Or vote some necessary millions more,
  To feed an Indian friend’s exhausted store,
  Fain would I praise (if I like thee could praise)
  Thy matchless virtues in congenial lays.
  But, Ah! too weak, &c. &c.

This apology, however, is like the _nolo episcopari_ of Bishops;
for our author continues his panegyric during about one hundred
and fifty lines more, after which he proceeds to a task (as he says)
more congenial to his abilities, and paints

  ------in smooth confectionary style,
  The simpering sadness of his MULGRAVE’s smile.

From the character of this nobleman we shall only select a part of
one couplet, which tends to elucidate our author’s astonishing powers
in imitative harmony,

  ------“within his lab’ring throat
  The shrill shriek struggles with the harsh hoarse note.”

As we mean to excite, and not to satisfy at once the curiosity of our
readers, we shall here put a period to our extracts for the present.
We cannot, however, conclude this essay, without observing, that there
are very few lines in the whole work which are at all inferior to
those we have selected for the entertainment of our readers.

[1] See the Genealogy, p. xxvii, xxviii.

[2] Lord Graham.

                    *     *     *     *     *


In proof of the assurance with which we concluded our last number,
we shall now proceed to give the character of SIR RICHARD HILL.

Our Readers, probably, are well acquainted with the worthy Baronet’s
promiscuous quotations from the Bible and Rochester; and they may
possibly remember (if they were awake, when they read them) some
elegant verses, which he repeated in the House of Commons, and
afterwards inserted in the public papers, as the production of a
sleepless Night. We know not, however, if they may so easily recal
to mind his remarkable declaration, both of his Loyalty and Religion,
in the prettily-turned phrase, “that indeed he loved King GEORGE
very well, but he loved King JESUS better.” But as our Poet has
alluded to it, we thought necessary to mention it; and for the same
reason to add, that like Lord MAHON, Major SCOTT, Mr. ATKINSON,
Mr. WILKES, and Captain J. LUTTRELL, he writes his own speeches for
the public Reporters. We should also have been happy to have enlivened
our commentary with some extracts from the controversy, at which our
Author glances; we mean the answer of Sir Richard to Mr. Madan, on the
doctrine of Polygamy; a subject, which the tenour of our Baronet’s
reading in his two favourite books, peculiarly qualified him to handle
with equally pleasantry and orthodoxy. But all our industry to procure
his pamphlet unfortunately proved ineffectual. We never saw more of it
than the title-page, which we formerly purchased in the lining of
a trunk, at the corner of St. Paul’s Church-yard.

We are conscious, that these introductory explanations must seem
doubly dull, to Readers impatient for such exquisite poetry as
the ROLLIAD. They appeared, however, indispensible to the due
understanding of the verses, which we shall now give without
further preface.

  Brother of ROWLAND, or, if yet more dear
  Sounds thy new title, Cousin of a Peer;
  Scholar of various learning, good or evil,
  Alike what God inspir’d, or what the Devil;
  Speaker well skill’d, what no man hears, to write;
  Sleep-giving Poet, of a sleepless night;
  Polemic, Politician, Saint, and Wit,
  Now lashing MADAN, now defending PITT;
  Thy praise shall live till time itself be o’er,
  Friend of King GEORGE, tho’ of King JESUS more!

The solemnity of this opening is well suited to the dignity of
the occasion. The heroes of Homer generally address each other by
an appellative, marking their affinity to some illustrious personage.
The Grecian poet, it must be confessed, in such cases, uses a
patronymic, expressive of the genealogy; as _Pelides_, _Æacides_,
_Laertiades_; but it is not absolutely necessary to observe this
rule.--For, [1]M‘Pherson, a poet with whom our author is most likely to
be intimately acquainted, makes his hero, Fingal, address Ossian by
the title of “Father of Oscar.” It should seem therefore to be
sufficient, if in addressing a great man, you particularise any
celebrated character of the family who may be supposed to reflect
honour on his connections; and the Reverend ROWLAND HILL was certainly
the most celebrated of our worthy Baronet’s relations, before the
late creation of Lord BERWICK, on which the next line happily touches.

Our author seems very fond of Mr. DUNDAS,

              Whose exalted soul
  No bonds of vulgar prejudice controul.
  Of shame unconscious in his bold career,
  He spurns that honour, which the weak revere;
  For, true to public Virtue’s patriot plan,
  He loves _the Minister_, and not _the Man_;
  Alike the advocate of NORTH and Wit,
  The friend of SHELBURNE, and the guide of PITT,
  His ready tongue with sophistries at will,
  Can say, unsay, and be consistent still;
  This day can censure, and the next retract,
  In speech extol, and stigmatize in act;
  Turn and re-turn; whole hours at HASTINGS bawl,
  Defend, praise, thank, affront him, and recal.
  By opposition, he his King shall court;
  And damn the People’s cause by his support.
  He, like some Angel sent to scourge mankind,
  Shall deal forth plagues,--in charity design’d.
  The West he would have starv’d; yet, ever good,
  But meant to save the effusion of her blood:
  And if, from fears of his Controul releast
  He looses Rapine now, to spoil the East;
  ’Tis but to fire another SYKES to plan
  Some new starvation-scheme for Hindostan;
  Secure, to make her flourish, as before,
  More populous, by losing myriads more.

Our author here seems to understand the famous starvation-scheme
of Mr. DUNDAS, as literally designed to produce an actual famine
in America, though undoubtedly from the most benevolent motives
imaginable. But this is contradicted by a [2]late writer, who appears
to be perfectly conversant with the language and purposes of our
present men in power. “Starvation (says he) is not synonymous
with famine; for Mr. Dundas most certainly could not intend to produce
a famine in America, which is the granary of the West-Indies, and of
a great part of Europe. The word Starvation (continues he) was
intended by Mr. Dundas to express a scheme of his own, by which he
meant to prevent the Americans from eating when they were hungry,
and had food within their reach; thereby insuring their reduction
without blood-shed.” However, both authors agree that Mr. Dundas
proposed to starve the Americans (whatever was to be the mode of
doing it) in mere compassion, to save them from the horrors of
throat-cutting. How finely too does the Poet trace the same charitable
disposition in the late measures of Mr. Dundas and his Colleagues
at the Board of Controul! Factious men have said, that the Indian
politics of the new Commissioners have a direct tendency, beyond any
former system, to encourage every kind of peculation and extortion.
But what kind Mr. Dundas would peculiarly wish to encourage, can admit
of no doubt, from his known partiality to starving--any body,
but himself. And how, indeed, can the prosperity of the East be
better consulted, than by some new starvation-scheme; such as was
contrived and executed by certain humane individuals in the year 1770,
with the most salutary event! For, notwithstanding one-third of
the inhabitants of Bengal were then swept away by the famine,
the province, in consequence, is now become more populous than ever.
This may a little disturb all vulgar notions of cause and effect;
but the writer above-mentioned proves the fact, by the testimony
of Major Scott.

There are many more lines relating to Mr. Dundas. But as this
gentleman’s character is so perfectly understood by the public,
we shall rather select a short catalogue of some among the inferior
Ministerial Heroes, who have hitherto been less frequently described.

  DRAKE, whose cold rhetorick freezes in its course,
  BANKS the precise, and fluent WILBERFORCE,
  With either PHIPPS, a scribbling, prattling pair;
  And VILLERS, comely, with the flaxen hair;
  The gentle GRENVILLE’s ever-grinning Son,
  And the dark brow of solemn HAMILTON.

These miniatures, as we may call them, present us with very striking
likenesses of the living originals; most of whom are seen to as much
advantage in this small size, as they could possibly have been,
had they been taken at full length. How happy is the allusion to
Mr. DRAKE’s[3] well-known speech; which, in the metaphor of our poet,
we may style a beautiful icicle of the most transparent eloquence!
How just too, and yet how concise, is the description of the literary
and parliamentary talents, so equally possessed by Brother CHARLES
and Brother HARRY, as Lord Mulgrave affectionately calls them.
We must, however, observe, that in the Manuscript of the ROLLIAD,
obligingly communicated to us by the Author, the line appears to have
been first written,

  Resplendent PHIPPS who shines our lesser Bear;

the noble head of this illustrious family having been called
the Great Bear. But this was corrected probably in consequence
of the Poet having discovered, like Mr. Herschel, that the splendor
which he long attributed to a single constellation, or (if we may
depart a little from critical nicety in our figure) to a single star,
in reality flowed from the united rays of two. We have nothing
further to add on this passage, only that the character of VILLERS
seems to be drawn after the Nireus of Homer; who, as the Commentators
remark, is celebrated in the catalogue of warriors, for the handsomest
man in the Grecian army, and is never mentioned again through the
whole twenty-four books of the Iliad.

[1] Mr. M‘Pherson is said to be one of the principal writers on
the side of the present administration.

[2] Key to Parliamentary Debates, published by Debrett.

[3] “Behold, Sir, another feature of the procrastinating system.
Not so the Athenian Patriots--Sir, the Romans--Sir, I have lost
the clue of my argument--Sir, I will sit down.”

                    *     *     *     *     *


A new edition (being the nineteenth) of this universally admired poem
having been recently published, the ingenious author has taken that
opportunity to introduce some new lines on an occasion perfectly
congenial to his muse, and in the highest degree interesting to
the public, namely, the late Fast and Thanksgiving; together with
the famous discourse preached in celebration of that day by that
illustrious orator and divine, the Reverend Mr. SECRETARY
PRETTYMAN.--This episode, which is emphatically termed by himself in
his prefatory address to this last edition, his Episode Parsonic,
seems to have been written perfectly _con amore_, and is considered
by critics as one of the happiest effusions of the distinguished
genius from whose high-rapped fancy it originated. It consists of
nine-and-forty lines, of which, without farther exordium, we shall
submit the following extracts to the inspection, or, more properly
speaking, the admiration of our readers. He sets out with a most
spirited compliment to Dr. PRETTYMAN. The two first lines are
considered by critics, as the most successful example of the
alliterative ornament upon record.

  Prim Preacher, Prince of Priests, and [1]Prince’s Priest;
  Pembroke’s pale pride--in PITT’s _præcordia_ plac’d.
  --Thy merits all shall future ages scan,

The beauty of the historical allusion to Prince Prettyman, need not
be pointed out to our readers; and the presage that the fame of this
Royal personage shall be lost and absorbed in the rising reputation
of the ingenious divine, is peculiarly happy and well turned.
The celebrated passage of Virgil,

  “Tu Marcellus eris:”

is supposed to have been in the poet’s recollection at the moment
of his conceiving this passage--not that the

  “Oh miserande puer!”

in the preceding line, is imagined to have excited any idea of Mr.

Our author now pursues his hero to the pulpit, and there, in imitation
of Homer, who always takes the opportunity for giving a minute
description of his _personæ_, when they are on the very verge of
entering upon an engagement, he gives a laboured but animated detail
of the Doctor’s personal manners and deportment. Speaking of the
penetrating countenance for which the Doctor is distinguished, he

  ARGUS could boast an hundred eyes, ’tis true,            }
  The DOCTOR looks an hundreds ways with two:              }
  Gimlets they are, and bore you through and through.      }

This is a very elegant and classic compliment, and shows clearly
what a decided advantage our Reverend Hero possesses over the
celebrated Οφθαλμοδουλος of antiquity. Addison is justly famous in the
literary world, for the judgment with which he selects and applies
familiar words to great occasions, as in the instances:

  ------“The great, the important day,
  “_Big_ with the fate of Cato and of Rome.”--

  “The sun grows _dim_ with age, &c. &c.”

This is a very great beauty, for it fares with ideas, as with
individuals; we are the more interested in their fate, the better
we are acquainted with them. But how inferior is Addison in this
respect to our author?

  Gimlets they are, &c.

There is not such a word in all Cato! How well-known and domestic
the image! How specific and forcible the application!--Our author
proceeds: Having described very accurately the style of the Doctor’s
hairdressing, and devoted ten beautiful lines to an eulogy upon
the brilliant on the little finger of his right hand, of which
he emphatically says:

  No veal putrescent, no dead whiting’s eye,
  In the true water with this ring could vie;

he breaks out into the following most inspirited and vigorous

  Oh! had you seen his lily, lily hand,
  Stroke his spare cheek, and coax his snow-white band:
  That adding force to all his powers of speech,
  This the protector of his sacred breech;
  That point the way to Heav’n’s cœlestial grace,
  This keep his small-clothes in their proper place--
  Oh! how the comley preacher you had prais’d,
  As now the right, and now the left he rais’d!!!

Who does not perceive, in this description, as if before their eyes,
the thin figure of emaciated divinity, divided between religion
and decorum; anxious to produce some truths, and conceal others;
at once concerned for _fundamental_ points of various kinds; ever at
the _bottom_ of things--Who does not see this, and seeing, who does
not admire? The notes that accompany this excellent episode, contain
admirable instances of our author’s profound knowledge in all
the literature of our established religion; and we are sorry that
our plan will not suffer us to produce them, as a full and decisive
proof that his learning is perfectly on a level with his genius,
and his divinity quite equal to his poetry.

[1] The Doctor is Chaplain to his Majesty.--He was bred at
Pembroke-hall in Cambridge.

                    *     *     *     *     *


On Monday last, the twentieth edition of this incomparable poem
made its appearance: and we may safely venture to predict, that,
should it be followed by an hundred more, while the fertile and
inexhaustible genius of the author continues to enrich every new
edition with new beauties, they will not fail to run through,
with the same rapidity that the former have done; so universal
is the enthusiasm prevailing among the genuine lovers of poetry,
and all persons of acknowledged taste, with respect to this wonderful
and unparalleled production.

What chiefly distinguishes this edition, and renders it peculiarly
interesting at the present moment, is the admirable description
contained in it of the newly-appointed India Board; in which the
characters of the members composing it are most happily, though
perhaps somewhat severely, contrasted with those to whom the same
high office had been allotted by a former administration.

That the feelings of the public are in unison with those of our author
upon this occasion, is sufficiently apparent from the frequent
Panegyrics with which the public papers have of late been filled,
upon the characters of these distinguished personages. In truth,
the superiority of our present excellent administration over their
opponents, can in no instance be more clearly demonstrated, than by a
candid examination of the comparative merits of the persons appointed
by each of them to preside in this arduous and important department.

Our author opens this comparison by the following elegant compliment
to the accomplished Nobleman whose situation, as Secretary of State,
entitles him to a priority of notice, as the eminence of his abilities
will ever ensure him a due superiority of weight in the deliberations
of the board.

  SYDNEY, whom all the pow’rs of rhetoric grace.
  Consistent SYDNEY fills FITZWILLIAM’s place;
  O, had by nature but proportion’d been
  His strength of genius to his length of chin,
  His mighty mind in some prodigious plan
  At once with ease had reach’d to Indostan!

The idea conveyed in these lines, of the possibility of a feature
in the human face extending to so prodigious a distance as the
East-Indies, has been objected to as some-what hyperbolical. But those
who are well acquainted with the person as well as the character of
the noble lord alluded to, and who are unquestionably the best judges
of the _extent_ of the compliment, will certainly be of a different
opinion. Neither indeed is the objection founded in truth, but must
have arisen merely from the passage not having been properly
understood. It by no means supposes his Lordship to have literally a
chin of such preposterous dimensions, as must be imagined for the
purpose of reaching to the East-Indies; but figuratively speaking,
only purports, that, if his Lordship’s mental, faculties are
co-extensive with that distinguished feature of his face, they may
readily embrace, and be competent to the consideration of the most
distant objects. The meaning of the author is so obvious, that this
cavil probably originated in wilful misapprehension, with a view of
detracting from the merit of one of the most beautiful passages in
the whole poem.

What reader can refuse his admiration to the following lines, in which
the leading features of the characters are so justly, strongly, and
at the same time so concisely delineated?

  Acute observers, who with skilful ken
  Descry the characters of public men,
  Rejoice that pow’r and patronage should pass
  From _jobbing_ MONTAGUE to _pure_ DUNDAS;
  Exchange with pleasure, ELLIOT, LEW’SHAM, NORTH,
  For MULGRAVE’s tried integrity and worth;
  And all must own, that worth completely tried,
  By turns experienc’d upon every side.

How happy is the selection of epithets in these lines! How forcibly
descriptive of the character to which they are applied! In the same
strain he proceeds:--

    Whate’er experience GREGORY might boast,
    Say, is not WALSINGHAM himself a host?
    His grateful countrymen, with joyful eyes,
    From SACKVILLE’s ashes see this Phœnix rise:
    Perhaps with all his master’s talents blest,
    To save the East as he subdu’d the West.

The historical allusion is here judiciously introduced; and the
pleasing prospect hinted at of the same happy issue attending our
affairs in the Eastern, that has already crowned them in the
Western world, must afford peculiar satisfaction to the feelings
of every British reader.

The next character is most ingeniously described, but like a
former one, containing some _personal_ allusions, requires, in order
to be fully understood, a more intimate acquaintance with the exterior
qualifications of the gentleman in question, than can have fallen
to the lot of every reader. All who have had the pleasure of
seeing him, however, will immediately acknowledge the resemblance
of the portrait.

  See next advance, in knowing FLETCHER’s stead,
  A youth, who boasts no common share of head;
  What plenteous stores of knowledge may contain
  The spacious tenement of GRENVILLE’s brain!
  Nature, in all her dispensations wise,
  Who form’d his head-piece of so vast a size,
  Hath not, ’tis true, neglected to bestow
  Its due proportion to the part below;
  And hence we reason, that, to serve the state,
  His top and bottom may have equal weight.

Every reader will naturally conceive, that in the description of
the principal person of the board, the author has exerted the
whole force of his genius, and he will not find his expectations
disappointed; he has reserved him for the last, and has judiciously
evaded disgracing him by a comparison with any other, upon the
principle, no doubt, quoted from Mr. Theobald, by that excellent
critic, Martinus Scriblerus:

  “None but himself can be his parallel.”
                                      DOUBLE FALSEHOOD.

As he has drawn this character at considerable length, we shall
content ourselves with selecting some few of the most striking
passages, whatever may be the difficulty of selecting where almost
the whole is equally beautiful. The grandeur of the opening prepares
the mind for the sublime sensations suitable to the dignity of a
subject so exalted:

  Above the rest, majestically great,
  Behold the infant Atlas of the state,
  The matchless miracle of modern days,
  In whom Britannia to the world displays
  A sight to make surrounding nations stare;
  A kingdom trusted to a school-boy’s care.

It is to be observed to the credit of our author, that, although his
political principles are unquestionably favourable to the present
happy government, he does not scruple, with that boldness which
ever characterises real genius, to animadvert with freedom on persons
of the most elevated rank and station; and he has accordingly
interspersed his commendations of our favourite young Minister with
much excellent and reasonable counsel, fore-warning him of the dangers
to which he is by his situation exposed. After having mentioned his
introduction into public life, and concurred in that admirable
panegyric of his immaculate virtues, made in the House of Commons by
a noble Lord already celebrated in the poem, upon which he has the
following observation:

  ------As MULGRAVE, who so fit
  To chaunt the praises of ingenious PITT?
  The nymph unhackney’d and unknown abroad,
  Is thus commended by the hackney’d bawd.
  The dupe enraptur’d, views her fancied charms,
  And clasps the maiden mischief to his arms,
  Till dire disease reveals the truth too late:
  O grant my country, Heav’n, a milder fate!

he attends him to the high and distinguished station he now so ably
fills, and, in a nervous strain of manly eloquence, describes the
defects of character and conduct to which his situation, and the means
by which he came to it, render him peculiarly liable. The spirit of
the following lines is remarkable:

  Oft in one bosom may be found allied,
  Excess of meanness, and excess of pride:
  Oft may the Statesman, in St. Stephen’s brave,
  Sink in St. James’s to an abject slave;
  Erect and proud at Westminster, may fall
  Prostrate and pitiful at Leadenhall;
  In word a giant, though a dwarf in deed,
  Be led by others while he seems to lead.

He afterwards with great force describes the lamentable state of
humiliation into which he may fall from his present pinnacle of
greatness, by too great a subserviency to those from whom he has
derived it, and appeals to his pride in the following beautiful

    Shall CHATHAM’s offspring basely beg support,
    Now from the India, now St. James’s court;
    With pow’r admiring Senates to bewitch,
    Now kiss a Monarch’s--now a Merchant’s breech;
    And prove a pupil of St. Omer’s school,
    Of either KINSON, AT. or JEN. the tool?

Though cold and cautious criticism may perhaps stare at the boldness
of the concluding line, we will venture to pronounce it the most
masterly stroke of the sublime to be met with in this, or any other
poem. It may be justly said, as Mr. Pope has so happily expressed it--

  “To snatch a grace beyond the reach of art.”
                                    ESSAY ON CRITICISM.

As we despair of offering any thing equal to this lofty flight of
genius to the reader of true taste, we shall conclude with
recommending to him the immediate perusal of the whole poem, and, in
the name of an admiring public, returning our heart-felt thanks to the
wonderful author of this invaluable work.

                    *     *     *     *     *


In our two last numbers we were happy to give our readers the earliest
relish of those additional beauties, with which the nineteenth and
twentieth impressions of the ROLLIAD are enriched. And these
interpolations we doubt not have been sufficiently admired for their
intrinsic merit, even in their detached state, as we gave them. But
what superior satisfaction must they have afforded to those who have
read them in their proper places! They are parts of a whole, and as
such wonderfully improve the effect of the general design, by an
agreeable interruption of prosaic regularity.

This may appear to some but a paradoxical kind of improvement, which
is subversive of order. It must be remembered, however, that the
descent of ROLLO to the night-cellar was undoubtedly suggested by the
descent of Æneas to hell in the Sixth Book of Virgil; and every
classical Critic knows what a noble contempt of order the Roman Poet
studiously displays in the review of his countrymen. From Romulus he
jumps at once to Augustus; gets back how he can to Numa; goes straight
forward to Brutus; takes a short run to Camillus; makes a long stride
to Julius Cæsar and Pompey; from Cato retreats again to the Gracchi
and the Scipios; and at last arrives in a beautiful zig-zag at
Marcellus, with whom he concludes. And this must be right, because it
is in Virgil.

A similar confusion, therefore, has now been judiciously introduced by
our Author in the Sixth Book of the ROLLIAD. He first singles out some
of the great statesmen of the present age; then carries us to church,
to hear Dr. Prettyman preach before the Speaker and the pews; and next
shows us all that Mr. DUNDAS means to let the public know of the new
India Board;--that is to say, the Members of whom it is composed. He
now proceeds, where a dull genius would probably have begun, with an
accurate description of the House of Commons, preparatory to the
exhibition of Mr. ROLLE, and some other of our political heroes, on
that theatre of their glory. Maps of the country round Troy have been
drawn from the Iliad; and we doubt not, that a plan of St. Stephen’s
might now be delineated with the utmost accuracy from the ROLLIAD.

Merlin first ushers Duke ROLLO into the LOBBY: marks the situation of
the two entrances; one in the front, the other communicating laterally
with the Court of Requests; and points out the topography of the
fire-place and the box,

         ------ ------ ------in which
  Sits PEARSON, like a pagod in his niche;
  The Gomgom PEARSON, whose sonorous lungs
  With “Silence! Room there!” drown an hundred tongues.

This passage is in the very spirit of prophecy, which delights to
represent things in the most lively manner. We not only see, but hear
Pearson in the execution of his office. The language, too, is truly
prophetic; unintelligible, perhaps, to those to whom it is addressed,
but perfectly clear, full, and forcible to those who live in the time
of the accomplishment. Duke ROLLO might reasonably be supposed to
stare at the barbarous words “_Pagod_” and “_Gomgom_;” but we, who
know one to signify an Indian Idol, and the other an Indian Instrument
of music, perceive at once the peculiar propriety with which such
images are applied to an officer of a House of Commons so completely
Indian as the present. A writer of less judgment would have contented
himself with comparing Pearson simply to a

  Statue in his niche--

and with calling him a Stentor, perhaps in the next line: but such
unappropriated similies and metaphors could not satisfy the nice taste
of our author.

The description of the Lobby also furnishes an opportunity of
interspersing a passage of the tender kind, in praise of the Pomona
who attends there with oranges. Our poet calls her HUCSTERIA, and, by
a dexterous stroke of art, compares her to Shiptonia, whose amours
with ROLLO form the third and fourth books of the ROLLIAD.

  Behold the lovely wanton, kind and fair,
  As bright SHIPTONIA, late thy amorous care!
  Mark how her winning smiles, and ’witching eyes,
  On yonder unfledg’d orator she tries!
  Mark, with what grace she offers to his hand
  The tempting orange, pride of China’s land!

This gives rise to a panegyric on the medical virtues of oranges, and
an oblique censure on the indecent practice of our young Senators, who
come down drunk from the eating-room, to sleep in the gallery.

  O! take, wise youth, the’ Hesperian fruit, of use
  Thy lungs to cherish with balsamic juice.
  With this thy parch’d roof moisten; nor consume
  Thy hours and guineas in the eating-room,
  Till, full of claret, down with wild uproar
  You reel, and, stretch’d along the gallery, snore.

From this the poet naturally slides into a general caution against the
vice of drunkenness, which he more particularly enforces, by the
instance of Mr. PITT’s late peril, from the farmer at Wandsworth.

  Ah! think, what danger on debauch attends:
  Let Pitt, once drunk, preach temp’rance to his friends;
  How, as he wander’d darkling o’er the plain,
  His reason drown’d in JENKINSON’s champaigne,
  A rustic’s hand, but righteous fate withstood,
  Had shed a Premier’s for a robber’s blood.

We have been thus minute in tracing the transitions in this inimitable
passage, as they display, in a superior degree, the wonderful skill of
our poet, who could thus bring together an orange-girl, and the
present pure and immaculate Minister; a connection, which, it is more
than probable, few of our readers would in any wise have suspected.

  --------------Ex fumo dare lucem
  Cogitat, ut speciosa dehinc miracula promat.

From the Lobby we are next led into the several committee-rooms and
other offices adjoining; and among the rest, MERLIN, like a noble
Lord, whose diary was some time since printed, “takes occasion to
inspect the water-closets,”

  Where offerings, worthy of those altars, lie,
  Speech, letter, narrative, remark, reply;
  With dead-born taxes, innocent of ill,
  With cancell’d clauses of the India bill:
  There pious NORTHCOTE’s meek rebukes, and here
  The labour’d nothings of the SCRUTINEER;
  And reams on reams of tracts, that, without pain,
  Incessant spring from SCOTT’s prolific brain.
  Yet wherefore to this age should names be known,
  But heard, and then forgotten in their own?
  Turn then, my son, &c. &c.

This passage will probably surprise many of our readers, who must have
discovered our author to be, as every good and wise man must be,
firmly attached to the present system. It was natural for Dante to
send his enemies to hell; but it seems strange that our poet should
place the writings of his own friends and fellow-labourers in a
water-closet. It has indeed been hinted to us, that it might arise from
envy, to find some of them better rewarded for their exertions in the
cause, than himself. But though great minds have sometimes been
subject to this passion, we cannot suppose it to have influenced the
author of the ROLLIAD in the present instance. For in that case we
doubt not he would have shown more tenderness to his fellow-sufferer,
the unfortunate Mr. NORTHCOTE, who, after sacrificing his time,
degrading his profession, and hazarding his ears twice or thrice every
week, for these two or three years past, has at length confessed his
patriotism weary of employing his talents for the good of his country,
without receiving the reward of his labours. To confess the truth, we
ourselves think the apparent singularity of the poet’s conduct on this
occasion, may be readily ascribed to that independence of superior
genius, which we noticed in our last number. We there remarked, with
what becoming freedom he spoke to the Minister himself; and in the
passage now before us, we may find traces of the same spirit, in the
allusions to the coal-tax, gauze-tax, and ribbon-tax, as well as the
unexampled alterations and corrections of the celebrated India-bill.
Why then should it appear extraordinary, that he should take the same
liberty with two or three brother-authors, which he had before taken
with their master; and without scruple intimate, what he and every one
else must think of their productions, notwithstanding he may possess
all possible charity for the good intention of their endeavours?

We cannot dismiss these criticisms, without observing on the
concluding lines; how happily our author, here again, as before, by
the mention of Shiptonia, contrives to recal our attention to the
personages more immediately before us, MERLIN and DUKE ROLLO!

                    *     *     *     *     *


We come now to the _Sanctum Sanctorum_, the Holy of Holies, where the
glory of political integrity shines visibly, since the shrine has been
purified from Lord J. CAVENDISH, Mr. FOLJAMBE, Sir C. BUNBURY, Mr.
COKE, Mr. BAKER, Major HARTLEY, and the rest of its pollutions. To
drop our metaphor, after making a minute survey of the Lobby, peeping
into the Eating-room, and inspecting the Water-closets, we are at
length admitted into the House itself. The transition here is
peculiarly grand and solemn. MERLIN, having corrected himself for
wasting so much time on insignificant objects,

  (Yet wherefore to this age should names be known,
  But heard, and then forgotten in their own?)

immediately directs the attention of Rollo to the doors of the house,
which are represented in the vision, as opening at that moment to
gratify the hero’s curiosity; then the prophet suddenly cries out, in
the language of ancient Religion,

  ------Procul, ô procul este profani!

  Turn then, my son, where to thy hallow’d eye
  Yon doors unfold--Let none profane he nigh!

It seems as if the poet, in the preceding descriptions, had purposely
stooped to amuse himself with the Gomgom Pearson, Hucsteria, Major
Scott, Mr. Northcote, and the Reverend author of the Scrutineer, that
he might rise again with the more striking dignity on this great

MERLIN now leads ROLLO to the centre of the House,

  Conventus trahit in medios, turbamque sonantem.

He points out to him the gallery for strangers to sit in, and members
to sleep in; the bar below, and the clock above. Of the clock he

  When this shalt point, the hour of question come,
  Mutes shall find voice, and Orators be dumb.
  This, if in lengthen’d parle the night they pass,
  Shall furnish still his opening to DUNDAS;
  To PITT, when “hear-hims” flag, shall oft supply
  The chear-trap trick of stale apology;
  And, strange to tell! in Nature’s spite, provoke
  Hot ARDEN once to blunder at a joke.

The beauty of these lines will be instantly perceived by all who have
witnessed the debates; as they cannot but have remarked, how
perpetually “_the late hour of night_” occupies the exordiums of Mr.
DUNDAS, after eleven o’clock; and how frequently it is introduced by
Mr. PITT as a hint, for what is called _chearing_, whenever his
arguments and invectives are received by his young friends with the
unparliamentary compliment of sacred silence. The miracle of a jest
from Mr. ARDEN, happened on the occasion of some Resolutions having
passed between the hours of _six_ and _seven_ in the morning; for
which reason the Attorney-General facetiously contended, that they
were entitled to no respect, “as the house was then at _sixes_ and
_sevens_.” Any approximation to wit in debate, being perfectly unusual
with this gentleman, however entertaining his friends may think him in
private, our author very properly distinguishes this memorable attempt
by the same kind of admiration, with which poets commonly mention some
great prodigy--as for instance, of a cow’s speaking:

      ----pecudesque locutæ

We hope none of our readers will attribute to us the most distant
intention of any invidious comparison.

The table, mace, &c. are next described, but these we shall pass over
in silence, that we may get--where most who enter the House of Commons
wish to get--to the TREASURY-BENCH,

  Where sit the gowned clerks, by ancient rule,
  This on a chair, and that upon a stool;
  Where stands the well-pil’d table, cloth’d in green;
  There on the left the TREASURY-BENCH is seen.
  No sattin covering decks the’ unsightly boards;
  No velvet cushion holds the youthful lords:
  And claim illustrious Tails such small regard?
  Ah! Tails too tender for a seat so hard.

This passage touches on a subject of much offence to the young friends
of the minister; we mean the barbarous and Gothic appearance of the
benches in the House of Commons. The Treasury-bench itself looks no
better than a first form in one of our public schools:

  No sattin covering decks the’ unsightly boards,
  No velvet cushion holds the youthful Lords.

The above couplet states with much elegance the matter of complaint,
and glances with equal dexterity at the proper remedy. The composition
is then judiciously varied. The whole art of the poet is employed to
interest our passions in favour of the necessary reform, by
expostulatory interrogations and interjections the most affectingly
pathetic. And who can read the former, without feeling his sense of
national honour most deeply injured by the supposed indignity; or who
can read the latter, without melting into the most unfeigned
commiseration for the actual sufferings to which the youthful lords
are at present exposed? It must, doubtless, be a seasonable relief to
the minds of our readers, to be informed, that Mr. PITT (as it has
been said in some of the daily papers) means to propose, for one
article of his Parliamentary Reform, to cover the seats in general
with crimson sattin, and to decorate the Treasury-bench, in
particular, with cushions of crimson velvet; one of [1] extraordinary
dimensions being to be appropriated to Mr. W. GRENVILLE.

The epithet “_tender_” in the last line we were at first disposed to
consider as merely synonymous with “_youthful_.” But a friend, to whom
we repeated the passage, suspected that the word might bear some more
emphatical sense; and this conjecture indeed seems to be established
beyond doubt, by the original reading in the manuscript, which, as we
before said, has been communicated to us,

  “Alas! that flesh, so late by pedants scarr’d,
  Sore from the rod, should suffer seats so hard,”

We give these verses, not as admitting any comparison with the text,
as it now stands, but merely by way of commentary, to illustrate the
poet’s meaning.

From the Treasury-bench, we ascend one step to the INDIA-BENCH.

  “There too, in place advanc’d, as in command,
  Above the beardless rulers of the land,
  On a bare bench, alas! exalted sit,
  The pillars of Prerogative and PITT;
  Delights of Asia, ornaments of men,
  Thy Sovereign’s Sovereigns, happy Hindostan.”

The movement of these lines is, as the subject required, more elevated
than that of the preceding: yet the prevailing sentiment excited by
the description of the Treasury-bench, is artfully touched by our
author, as he passes, in the Hemistich,

  On a bare bench, alas!------

which is a beautiful imitation of Virgil’s

  ------Ah! filice in nudâ------

The pompous titles so liberally bestowed on the BENGAL SQUAD, as the
_pennyless hirelings_ of opposition affect to call them, are truly in
the Oriental taste; and we doubt not, but every friend to the present
happy government, will readily agree in the justice of stiling them
“pillars of prerogative and Pitt, delights of Asia, and ornaments of
man.” Neither, we are assured, can any man of any party object to the
last of their high dignities, “Sovereigns of the Sovereign of India;”
since the Company’s well-known sale of Shah Allum to his own Visier,
is an indisputable proof of their supremacy over the Great Mogul.

As our author has been formerly accused of plagiarism, we must here in
candour confess, that he seems, in his description of the India-bench,
to have had an eye to Milton’s account of the devil’s throne; which,
however, we are told, much exceeded the possible splendour of any
India-bench, or even the magnificence of Mr. Hastings himself.

  High on a throne of royal slate, which far
  Outshone the wealth of Orams, or of Ind;
  Or where the gorgeous East, with lavish hand,
  Show’rs on her King, barbaric pearl and gold;
  Satan _exalted sate_.------

This concluding phrase, our readers will observe, is exactly and
literally copied by our author. It is also worthy of remark, that as
he calls the Bengal squad,

  The _Pillars_ of Prerogative and Pitt,

So Milton calls Beelzebub,

  A _Pillar_ of State:------

Though, it is certain, that the expression here quoted may equally
have been suggested by one of the Persian titles[2], said to be
engraved on a seal of Mr. Hastings, where we find the Governor General
styled, “_Pillar_ of the Empire.” But we shall leave it to our readers
to determine, as they may think proper, on the most probable source of
the metaphor, whether it were in reality derived from Beelzebub or
Mr. Hastings.

[1] For a description of this young gentleman’s person, from _top to
bottom_, see No. V.

[2] The following is copied from the Morning Chronicle of October 5,

  Mr. HASTINGS’S PERSIAN TITLES, _as engraved upon a Seal._
            _A True Translation._
    Nabob Governor-General Hastings, _Saub_,
            Pillar of the Empire,
          The fortunate in War, Hero,
      The most princely offspring of the Loins,
        Of the King of the Universe,
      The Defender of the Mahomedan Faith,
    And Asylum of the World, &c. &c. &c. &c.

  _Translation of a Persian Inscription engraven on a large fine Ruby,
  being the titles either given to or assumed by Mrs._ HASTINGS.
    “Royal and Imperial Governess,
    The elegance of the age,
    The most exalted Bilkiss,
    The Zobaide of the Palaces,
    The most heroic Princess,
    Ruby Marian Hastings, Sauby, &c. &c.

N.B. With the Mussulmans, _Bilkiss_ signifies the person, called in
the Bible History the Queen of Sheba; and _Zobaide_ was a favourite
wife of Mahomed; and when they wish to pay the highest compliments to
a lady, they compare her to Bilkiss and Zobaide, who possessed the
most exalted beauty, and perfection of every kind.

                    *     *     *     *     *


From the above general compliment to the India-bench, the poet, in the
person of Merlin, breaks out into the following animated apostrophe
to some of the principal among our Leadenhall-street Governors:

  All hail! ye virtuous patriots without blot, Rollo
  The minor KINSON and the major SCOTT:
  And thou of name uncouth to British ear,
  From Norman smugglers sprung, LE MESURIER;
  Hail SMITHS; and WRAXALL, unabash’d to talk,
  Tho’ none will listen; hail too, CALL and PALK;
  Thou, BARWEL, just and good, whose honour’d name,
  Wide, as the Ganges rolls, shall live in fame,
  Second to HASTINGS: and, VANSITTART, thou,
  A second HASTINGS, if the Fates allow.

The bold, but truly poetical apocope, by which the Messrs. At-kinson
and Jen-kinson, are called the two kinsons, is already familiar to the
public. The minor Kinson, or Kinson the less, is obviously Mr.
Atkinson; Mr. Jenkinson being confessedly greater than Mr. Atkinson,
or any other man, except One, in the kingdom.--The antithesis of the
Major Scott to the minor Kinson, seems to ascertain the sense of the
word Major, as signifying in this place the greater; it might mean
also the elder; or it might equally refer to the military rank of the
gentleman intended. This is a beautiful example of the figure so much
admired by the ancients under the name of the Paronomasia, or Pun.
They who recollect the light in which our author before represented
Major Scott, as a pamphleteer, fit only to furnish a water-closet, may
possibly wonder to find him here mentioned as THE GREATER SCOTT; but
whatever may be his literary talents, he must be acknowledged to be
truly great, and worthy of the conspicuous place here assigned him, if
we consider him in his capacity of agent to Mr. Hastings, and of
consequence chief manager of the Bengal Squad; and it must be
remembered, that this is the character in which he is here introduced.
The circumstance of Mr. Le Mesurier’s origin from Norman Smugglers,
has been erroneously supposed by some critics to be designed for a
reproach; but they could not possibly have fallen into this mistaste,
if they had for a moment reflected that it is addressed by MERLIN to
ROLLO, who was himself no more than a Norman pirate. Smuggling and
piracy in heroic times were not only esteemed not infamous, but
absolutely honourable. The Smiths, Call and Palk of our poet, resemble

  Alcandrumque, Haliumque, Noëmonaque, Prytanimque,

of Homer and Virgil; who introduce those gallant warriors for the sake
of a smooth verse, and dispatch them at a stroke without the
distinction of a single epithet. Our poet too has more professedly
imitated Virgil in the lines respecting Mr. Vansittart, now a
candidate to succeed Mr. Hastings.

  ------And, VANSITTART, thou
  A second HASTINGS, if the fates allow.
  ------Si quâ fata aspera rumpas,
  Tu Marcellus eris!

The passage however is, as might be hoped from the genius of our
author, obviously improved in the imitation; as it involves a climax,
most happily expressed. Mr. Barwell has been panegyrized in the lines
immediately foregoing, as _second to Hastings_; but of Mr. Vansittart
it is prophesied, that he will be a _second Hastings_; second indeed
in time, but equal perhaps in the distinguishing merits of that great
and good man, in obedience to the Court of Directors, attention to the
interests of the Company in preference to his own, abstinence from
rapacity and extortion, justice and policy towards the princes, and
humanity to all the natives, of Hindostan. The ingenious turn on the
words _second to Hastings_, and a _second Hastings_, would have
furnished matter for whole pages to the Dionysius’s, Longinus’s, and
Quintilians of antiquity, though the affected delicacy of modern taste
may condemn it as quibble and jingle.

The poet then hints at a most ingenious proposal for the embellishment
of the India-bench, according to the new plan of Parliamentary Reform;
not by fitting it up like the Treasury-bench, with velvet cushions,
but by erecting for the accommodation of the Leadenhall worthies, the
ivory bed, which was lately presented to her Majesty by Mrs. Hastings.

  O that for you, in Oriental state,
  At ease reclin’d to watch the long debate,
  Beneath the gallery’s pillar’d height were spread
  (With the QUEEN’s leave) your WARREN’s ivory bed!

The pannels of the gallery too, over the canopy of the bed, are to be
ornamented with suitable paintings,

  Above, In colours warm with mimic life,
  The German husband of your WARREN’s wife
  His rival deeds should blazon; and display.
  In his blest rule, the glories of your sway.

What singular propriety, what striking beauty must the reader of taste
immediately perceive in this choice of a painter to execute the
author’s design! It cannot be doubted but Mrs. Hastings would exert
all her own private and all Major Scott’s public influence with
_every_ branch of the Legislature, to obtain so illustrious a job for
the man to whose affection, or to whose want of affection, she owes
her present fortunes. The name of this artist is Imhoff; but though he
was once honoured with Royal Patronages he is now best remembered from
the circumstance by which our author has distinguished him, of his
former relation to Mrs. Hastings.

Then follow the subjects of the paintings, which are selected with
the usual judgment of our poet.

  Here might the tribes of ROHILCUND expire,
  And quench with blood their towns, that sink in fire;
  The Begums there, of pow’r, of wealth forlorn,
  With female cries their hapless fortune mourn.
  Here, hardly rescu’d from his guard, CHEYT SING
  Aghast should fly; there NUNDCOMAR should swing;
  Happy for him! if he had borne to see
  His country beggar’d of the last rupee;
  Nor call’d those laws, O HASTINGS, on thy head,
  Which, mock’d by thee, thy slaves alone should dread.

These stories, we presume, are too public to require any explanation.
But if our readers should wish to be more particularly acquainted with
them, they will find them in the [1]Adventures of Robinson Crusoe,
commonly called the Reports of the Select and Secret Committees, with
Appendixes of Letters, Minutes, and Narratives written by Mr. Hastings
himself. Or they may consult the History of Alexander the Great,
contained, in Major John Scott’s narrative of the administration of
Mr. Hastings. Though we would rather refer them to the latter work, as
in our opinion it is one of the most satisfactory defences ever
published; and proves to demonstration, that Mr. Hastings never
committed a single act of injustice or cruelty, but he constantly
obtained forty or fifty lacks for the Company or himself--That an
enquiry into past abuses is an impolitic order; because “much valuable
time must be lost, and much odium incurred by the attempt;” and
therefore Mr. Hastings of course ought not to have been censured at
all, unless he had been censured _before_ he had done any thing to
deserve it--That it was right for Mr. Hastings to keep up the good old
custom of receiving presents, in defiance of a positive law; because
his predecessors had received as large sums when they were authorized
by custom, and not prohibited by any law--That Mr. Hastings was
justified in disobeying the orders of the Directors, because he could
no otherwise have convinced the Country Powers of his superiority over
his Masters, which was, and is, absolutely necessary--that, though it
may be questioned if Nundcomar was legally condemned, it was proper to
execute him, in order to show the justice and impartiality of the
Judges in hanging the natives, whom they were sent especially to
protect--That a Treaty of Peace between two nations is of no force, if
you can get one of the individuals who officially signed it, to
consent to the infraction of it--together with many other positions,
equally just and novel, both in Ethics and Politics.

But to return to our Poet. MERLIN now drops his apostrophe, and
eulogizes the India-bench in the third person for the blessings of Tea
and the Commutation Tax. The following passage will show our author to
be, probably, a much better Grocer than Mr. Pitt; and perhaps little
inferior to the Tea-Purchaser’s Guide.

  What tongue can tell the various kind of Tea?
  Of Blacks and Greens, of Hyson and Bohea;
  With Singlo, Congou, Pekoe, and Souchong:
  Couslip the fragrant, Gun-powder the strong;
  And more, all heathenish alike in name,
  Of humbler some, and some of nobler fame.

The prophet then compares the breakfasts of his own times with those
of ours: attributes to the former the intractable spirit of that age;
and from the latter fervently prays, like a loyal subject, for the
perfect accomplishment of their natural effects; that they may relax
the nerves of Englishmen into a proper state of submission to the
superior powers. We shall insert the lines at length.

  On mighty beef, bedew’d with potent ale,
  Our Saxons, rous’d at early dawn, regale;
  And hence a sturdy, bold, rebellious race,
  Strength in the frame, and spirit in the face,
  All sacred right of Sovereign Power defy,
  For Freedom conquer, or for Freedom die.
  Not so their sons, of manners more polite;
  How would they sicken at the very sight!
  O’er Chocolate’s rich froth, o’er Coffee’s fume,
  Or Tea’s hot tide their noons shall they consume.
  But chief, all sexes, every rank and age,
  Scandal and Tea, more grateful, shall engage;
  In gilded roofs, beside some hedge in none,
  On polish’d tables, or the casual stone.
  Be _Bloom_ reduc’d; and PITT no more a foe,
  Ev’n PITT, the favourite of the fair shall grow:
  Be but _Mundungus_ cheap; on light and air
  New burthens gladly shall our peasants bear,
  And boil their peaceful kettles, gentle souls!
  Contented,--if no tax be laid on coals.
  Aid then, kind Providence, yon’ generous bench,
  With copious draughts the thirsty realm to drench;
  And oh! thy equal aid let PRESTON find,
  With [2]_musty-sweet_ and _mouldy-fresh_ combin’d,
  To palsy half our isles: ’till wan, and weak,
  Each nerve unstrung, and bloodless every cheek,
  Head answering head, and noddling thro’ the street.
  The destin’d change of Britons is complete;
  Things without will, like India’s feeble brood,
  Or China’s shaking Mandarins of wood.
  So may the Crown in native lustre shine,
  And British Kings re-sume their right divine.

We have been thus prolix in giving the whole of this quotation, as we
think it glances very finely at the true policy, why it is expedient
to encourage the universal consumption of an article, which some
factious people have called a pernicious luxury. And our readers, we
are persuaded, will agree with us, when we decidedly pronounce this as
good a defence of the Commutation Tax, as we have yet seen.

We must observe however that our author is probably indebted to the
extensive information of Lord Sydney, for the hint of the following

  In gilded roofs, beside some hedge in none,
  On polish’d tables, or the casual stone.

The Secretary of State in the discussion of the abovementioned tax,
very ably calculated the great quantity of tea consumed under hedges
by vagrants, who have no houses; from which he most ingeniously argued
to the justice and equity of laying the impost on persons who
have houses, whether they consume it or not.

We shall conclude this number, as the Poet concludes the subject,
with some animated verses on Mr. FOX and Mr. PITT.

  Crown the froth’d Porter, slay the fatted Ox,
  And give the British meal to British Fox.
  But for an Indian minister more fit,
  Ten cups of purest Padrae pour for PITT,
  Pure as himself; add sugar too and cream,
  Sweet as his temper, bland as flows the stream
  Of his smooth eloquence; then crisply nice
  The muffin toast, or bread and butter slice,
  Thin as his arguments, that mock the mind,
  Gone, ere you taste,--no relish left behind.
  Where beauteous Brighton overlooks the sea,
  These be his joys: and STEELE shall make the Tea.

How neat! how delicate! and how unexpected is the allusion in the
last couplet! These two lines alone include the substance of
whole columns, in the ministerial papers of last summer, on the sober,
the chaste, the virtuous, the edifying manner in which the
Immaculate Young Man passed the recess from public business;
not in riot and debauchery, not in gaming, not in attendance on
ladies, either modest or immodest, but in drinking Tea with Mr.
Steele, at the Castle in Brighthelmstone. Let future ages read and

[1] We have the highest law authority for this title; as well as for
calling Mr. Hastings Alexander the Great.

[2] The Tea-dealers assure us, that Mr. PRESTON’s _sweet_ and _fresh_
Teas contain a great part of the _musty_ and _mouldy_ chests, which
the Trade rejected.

                    *     *     *     *     *


In every new edition of this incomparable poem, it has been the
invariable practice of the author, to take an opportunity of adverting
to such recent circumstances, as have occurred since the original
publication of it relative to any of the illustrious characters he has
celebrated. The public has lately been assured that, the Marquis of
Graham is elected Chancellor of the University of Glasgow, and has
presented that learned body with a complete set of the engravings of
Piranesi, an eminent Italian artist; of which we are happy to acquaint
the Dilettanti, a few remaining sets are to be purchased at
Mr. Alderman Boydell’s printshop, in Cheapside, price twelve pounds
twelve shillings each. An anecdote reflecting so much honour upon one
of the favourite characters of our author, could not pass unnoticed in
the ROLLIAD; and accordingly, in his last edition, we find the
following complimentary lines upon the subject:

  If right the Bard, whose numbers sweetly flow,
  That all our knowledge is ourselves to know;
  A sage like GRAHAM, can the world produce,
  Who in full senate call’d himself a goose?
  The admiring Commons, from the high-born youth,
  With wonder heard this undisputed truth;
  Exulting Glasgow claim’d him for her own,
  And plac’d the prodigy on Learning’s throne.

He then alludes to the magnificent present abovementioned, and
concludes in that happy vein of alliterative excellence, for which he
is so justly admired--

  With gorgeous gifts from gen’rous GRAHAM grac’d,
  Great Glasgow grows the granary of taste.

Our readers will doubtless recollect, that this is not the first
tribute of applause paid to the distinguished merit of the
public-spirited young Nobleman in question. In the first edition of the
poem, his character was drawn at length, the many services he has
rendered his country were enumerated, and we have lately been assured by
our worthy friend and correspondent, Mr. Malcolm M’Gregor, the ingenious
author of the Heroic Epistle to Sir William Chambers, and other
valuable poems, that the following spirited verses, recording the
ever-memorable circumstance of his Lordship’s having procured for the
inhabitants of the Northern extremity of our Island, the inestimable
privilege of exempting their posteriors from those ignominious symbols
of slavery, vulgarly denominated breeches, are actually universally
repeated with enthusiasm, throughout every part of the highlands
of Scotland--

  Thee, GRAHAM! thee, the frozen Chieftains bless,
  Who feel thy bounties through their fav’rite dress;
  By thee they view their rescued country clad
  In the bleak honours of their long-lost plaid;
  Thy patriot zeal has bar’d their parts behind
  To the keen whistlings of the wintry wind;
  While Lairds the dirk, while lasses bag-pipes prize,
  And oat-meal cake the want of bread supplies;
  The scurvy skin, while scaly scabs enrich,
  While contact gives, and brimstone cures the itch,
  Each breeze that blows upon those brawny parts,
  Shall wake thy lov’d remembrance in their hearts;
  And while they freshen from the Northern blast,
  So long thy honour, name, and praise shall last.

We need not call to the recollection of the classical reader,

  Dum juga montis aper, sluvios dum piscis amabit,
  Semper honos, nomenque tuum laudesque manebunt.

And the reader of taste will not hesitate to pronounce, that the copy
has much improved upon, and very far surpassed the original. In these
lines we also find the most striking instances of the beauties of
alliteration; and however some fastidious critics have affected to
undervalue this excellence, it is no small triumph to those of a
contrary sentiment to find, that next to our own incomparable author,
the most exalted genius of the present age, has not disdained to
borrow the assistance of this ornament, in many passages of the
beautiful dramatic treasure with which he has recently enriched the
stage. Is it necessary for us to add, that it is the new tragedy of
the Carmelite to which we allude?--A tragedy the beauties of which, we
will venture confidently to assert, will be admired and felt, when
those of Shakespeare, Dryden, Otway, Southerne, and Rowe, shall be no
longer held in estimation. As examples of alliterative beauty, we
shall select the following:--

  The hand of heav’n hangs o’er me and my house,
  To their untimely graves seven sons swept off.


  So much for tears--tho’ twenty years they flow,
  They wear no channels in a widow’s cheek.

The alternate alliteration of the second line, in this instance,
seems an improvement upon the art, to the whole merit of which
Mr. Cumberland is himself unquestionably entitled.

Afterwards we read,

  ------Treasures hoarded up,
  With carking care, and a long life of thrift.

In addition to the alliterative merit, we cannot here fail to admire
the judiciously selected epithet of “_carking_;” and the two lines
immediately following, although no example of that merit, should not
be omitted:

  Now, without interest, or redemption swallow’d,
  By the devouring bankrupt waves for ever.

How striking is the comparison of the ocean, to a bankrupt swallowing
without interest or redemption, the property of his unfortunate
creditors! Where shall we find a simile of equal beauty, unless some
may possibly judge the following to be so, which is to be found in
another part of the same sublime work, of two persons weeping--

                    ------We will sit
  Like fountain statues, face to face oppos’d,
  And each to other tell our griefs in tears,
  Yet neither utter word------

Our readers, we trust, will pardon our having been diverted from the
task we have undertaken, by the satisfaction of dwelling on a few of
the many beauties of this justly popular and universally admired
tragedy, which, in our humble opinion, infinitely surpasses every
other theatrical composition, being in truth an assemblage of every
possible dramatic excellence: nor do we believe, that any production,
whether of antient or modern date, can exhibit a more uncommon and
peculiar selection of language, a greater variety of surprising
incidents, a more rapid succession of extraordinary discoveries, a
more curious collection of descriptions, similies, metaphors, images,
storms, shipwrecks, challenges, and visions, or a more miscellaneous
and striking picture of the contending passions of love; hatred,
piety, madness, rage, jealousy, remorse, and hunger, than this
unparalleled performance presents to the admiration of the enraptured
spectator. Mr. Cumberland has been represented, perhaps unjustly, as
particularly jealous of the fame of his cotemporaries, but we are
persuaded he will not be offended when, in the ranks of modern
writers, we place him second only to the inimitable author of the

To return from the digression into which a subject so seducing has
involuntarily betrayed us. The reader will recollect, that in our last
we left MERLIN gratifying the curiosity of ROLLO, with a view of that
Assembly of which his Descendant is one day destined to become so
conspicuous an ornament. After having given the due preference to the
India-Bench, he proceeds to point out to him others of the most
distinguished supporters of the present virtuous administration.
Having already mentioned the most confidential friends of the
minister, he now introduces us to the acquaintance of an active young
Member, who has upon all occasions been pointedly severe upon the
noble Lord in the blue ribbon, and who is remarkable for never having
delivered his sentiments upon any subject, whether relating to the
East-Indies, the Reform of Parliament, or the Westminster Election,
without a copious dissertation upon the principles, causes, and
conduct of the American war.

  Lo! BEAYFOY rises, friend to soft repose;
  Whose gentle accents prompt the house to dose:
  His cadence just, a general sleep provokes,
  Almost as quickly as SIR RICHARD’s jokes.
  Thy slumbers, NORTH, he strives in vain to break,
  When all are sleeping, thou would’st scarce awake;
  Though from his lips severe invectives fell,
  Sharp as the acid he delights to sell.

In explanation of the last line, it may be, perhaps, necessary to
apprise our readers, that this accomplished orator, although the
elegance of his diction, and smoothness of his manner, partake rather
of the properties of oil, is in his commercial capacity, a dealer in
vinegar. The speaker alluded to, under the name of Sir Richard, is
probably the same whom our author, upon the former occasion, stiled--

  Sleep-giving poet of a sleepless night.

The limits of our plan will not allow us to enlarge upon the various
beauties with which this part of the work abounds; we cannot, however,
omit the pathetic description of the SPEAKER’s situation, nor the
admirable comparison of Lord MAHON preying on his patience, to the
vulture devouring the liver of Prometheus. The necessity of the
Speaker’s continuing in the chair while the House sits, naturally
reminds our author of his favourite Virgil:

  ------sedet æternumque sedebit
  Infelix Theseus.

  There CORNEWELL sits, and, oh unhappy fate!
  Must sit for ever through the long debate;
  Save, when compell’d by Nature’s sovereign will,
  Sometimes to empty, and sometimes to fill.
  Painful pre-eminence! he hears, ’tis true,
  FOX, NORTH, and BURKE, but hears SIR JOSEPH too.

Then follows the simile--

  Like sad PROMETHEUS, fasten’d to his rock,
  In vain he looks for pity to the clock;
  In vain the’ effects of strengthening porter tries,
  And nods to BELLAMY for fresh supplies;
  While vulture-like, the dire MAHON appears,
  And, far more savage, rends his suff’ring ears.

                    *     *     *     *     *


Amongst the various pretensions to critical approbation, which are to
be found in the excellent and never-sufficiently to be admired
production, which is the object of these comments, there is one that
will strike the classical observer as peculiarly prominent and
praise-worthy:--namely, the uncommon ability shown by the author, in the
selection of his heroes. The _personæ_ that are introduced in the
course of this poem, are characters that speak for themselves. The
very mention of their names is a summons to approbation; and the
relation of their history, if given in detail, would prove nothing
more than a lengthened panegyric. Who that has heard of the names of a
Jenkinson, a Robinson, or a Dundas, has not in the same breath heard
also what they are? This is the secret of our author’s science and
excellence. It is this that enables him to omit the dull detail of
introductory explanation, and to fasten upon his business, if one may
use the expression, slap-dash and at once.

  Semper ad eventum festinat, et in medias res,
  Non secus ac notas auditorum rapit.                   HOR.

Homer himself yields, in this respect, to our author; for who would
not perceive the evident injustice done to the modern bard, if we were
to place the wisdom of an Ulysses on any competition with the
experience of a Pitt; to mention the bully Ajax, as half so genuine a
bully, as the bully Thurlow; if we were to look upon Nestor as having
a quarter of the interesting circumlocution of the ambiguous Nugent;
to consider Achilles as possessed of half the anger of a ROLLE; or to
suppose for a moment, that the famous ποδας-ωκυς of antiquity, could
run nearly so fast in a rage, as the member for Devon in a fright; to
conceive the yellow-haired Paris to have had half the beauty of the
ten times more yellow-haired Villiers; to look upon Agamemnon as in
any degree so dictatorial to his chiefs as the high-minded Richmond;
to consider the friendship of Patroclus, as possessed of a millionth
portion of the disinterested attachment of a Dundas; to have any
conception that the chosen band of Thessalian Myrmidons, were to be
any way compared, in point of implicit submission, to the still more
dextrously chosen band of the Minister in the British House of
Commons. Or--but there is no end to so invidious a comparison; and we
will not expose poor Homer, to the farther mortification of pursuing

MERLIN proceeds in his relation, and fixes upon an object that will
not, we believe, prove any disgrace to our author’s general judgment
of selection; namely, that worthy Baronet and universally admired wit,
Sir RICHARD HILL, of whom it may be truly said,

  ------Pariter pietate jocisque,

He looks upon him as an individual meriting every distinction, and has
thought proper therefore, in the last edition of the ROLLIAD, though
the Baronet had been [1]slightly touched upon before, to enlarge what
was then said, into a more particular description. Speaking of Sir
Richard’s style of elocution, our author observes--

  With quaint formality of sacred smut,
  His rev’rend jokes see pious RICHARD cut.
  Let meaner talents from the Bible draw
  Their faith, their morals These, and Those their law!
  His lively genius finds in holy writ
  A richer mine of unsuspected wit.
  What never Jew, what never Christian taught,
  What never fir’d one sectary’s heated thought,
  What not e’en [2]ROWLAND dream’d, he saw alone,
  And to the wondering senate first made known;
  How bright o’er mortal jokes the Scriptures shine
  Resplendent Jest-book of bon-mots divine.

This description will be readily felt, and we trust, not less
cordially admired, by all those who may have enjoyed the pleasure of
auricular evidence to Sir Richard’s oratory. The thought of converting
the Bible into a _jest book_, is, we believe, quite new; and not more
original in itself, than characteristically just in its application to
the speaker. We all know that Saul affected insanity for the sake of
religion, in the early periods of our holy faith; and why so great an
example should not be imitated in later times, we leave it to the
prophane to shew.

We know not whether it is worth observing, that the eloquence of this
illustrious family is not confined to Sir Richard alone; but that his
brother inherits the same gift, and, if possible, in a greater degree.
It is said, there is an intention of divesting this latter gentleman
of his clerical robe, and bringing him into the senate, as the avowed
competitor of our modern Cromwell. If this happy event should luckily
take place, we shall literally see the observation then realized, that
the Ministry will give to their wicked enemies, on the other side of
the House, what they have so long wanted and deserved.

  “------A _Rowland_ for their _Oliver_.”

This, however, by the way. Our author resumes his subject with the
following spirited apostrophe:--

  Methinks I see him from the Bench arise,
  His words all keenness, but all meek his eyes;
  Define the good religion might produce,
  Practise its highest excellence-abuse;
  And with his tongue, that two-edg’d weapon, show,
  At once the double worth of JOB and JOE.

_Job_, as some of our more learned readers may know, is a book in the
Old Testament, and is used here _per synechdochen_, as a part for the
whole. Nothing can be more natural, than the preference given to this
book, on this occasion, as Sir Richard is well known in his speeches
to be so admirable an auxiliary to its precepts. The person of the
name of _Joe_, who has received so laconic a mention in the last line
of the above extract, will be recognized by the critical and the
intelligent, as the same individual who distinguished himself so
eminently in the sixteenth century, as a writer and a wit, namely,
Mr. Joseph Miller; a great genius, and an author, avowedly in the
highest estimation with our learned Baronet.

The business of the composition goes on.--It is evident, however,
the poet was extremely averse to quit a subject upon which his
congenial talents reposed so kindly. He does not leave Sir Richard,
therefore, without the following finished and most high-wrought

  With wit so various, piety so odd,
  Quoting by turns from Miller and from God;
  Shall no distinction wait thy honour’d name?
  No lofty epithet transmit thy fame?
  Forbid it wit, from mirth refin’d away!
  Forbid it Scripture, which thou mak’st so gay!
  SCIPIO, we know, was AFRICANUS call’d,
  RICHARD styl’d LONG-SHANKS--CHARLES surnam’d the BALD;
  Shall these for petty merits be renown’d,
  And no proud phrase, with panegyric sound,
  Swell thy short name, great HILL?--Here take thy due,
  And hence be call’d the’ SCRIPTURAL KILLIGREW.

The administration of baptism to adults, is quite consonant to
Sir Richard’s creed; and we are perfectly satisfied, there is not a
Member in the House of Commons that will not stand sponsor for him on
this honourable occasion. Should any one ask him in future,--Who gave
you that name? Sir Richard may fairly and truly reply, My Godfathers,
&c. and quote the whole of the lower assembly, as coming under that

MERLIN, led, as may easily be supposed, by sympathy of rank, talents,
and character, now pointed his wand to another worthy baronet, hardly
less worthy of distinction than the last personage himself, namely,
Sir JOSEPH MAWBEY. Of him the author sets out with saying,

  Let this, ye wise, be ever understood,
  SIR JOSEPH is as witty as he’s good.--

Here, for the first time, the annotators upon this immortal poem, find
themselves compelled, in critical justice to own, that the author has
not kept entire pace with the original which he has affected to
imitate. The distich, of which the above is a parody, was composed by
the worthy hero of this part of the ROLLIAD, the amiable Sir Joseph
himself, and runs thus:

  Ye ladies, of your hearts beware:
  SIR JOSEPH’s false as he is fair.

How kind, and how discreet a caution! This couplet, independent of its
other merits, possesses a recommendation not frequently found in
poetry, the transcendant ornament of Truth. How far, indeed,
the falshood of this respectable individual has been displayed in his
gallantries, it is not the province of sober criticism to enquire.
We take up the assertion with a large comprehension, and with a
stricter eye to general character--

  SIR JOSEPH’s false as he is fair.------

Is it necessary to challenge, what no one will be absurd enough to
give--a contradiction to so acknowledged a truth? Or is it necessary
to state to the fashionable reader, that whatever may be the degree of
Sir Joseph’s boasted falshood, it cannot surpass the fairness of
his complexion? The position, therefore, is what logicians call
convertible: nothing can equal his falshood but his fairness;
nothing his fairness but his falshood.--Incomparable!

Proceeding to a description of his eloquence, he says,

  A sty of pigs, though all at once it squeaks,
  Means not so much as MAWBEY when he speaks;
  And his’try says, he never yet had bred
  A pig with such a voice or such a head!
  Except, indeed, when he essays to joke;
  And then his wit is truly pig-in-poke.

Describing Sir Joseph’s acquisitions as a scholar, the author adds,

  His various knowledge I will still maintain,
  He is indeed a knowing man in grain.

Some commentators have invidiously suggested, that the last line of
this couplet should be printed thus,

  He is indeed a knowing man-in grain:

assigning as their reason, that the phrase in grain evidently alludes
to bran, with which Sir Joseph’s little grunting commonwealth is
supported; and for the discreet and prudent purchase of which our
worthy baronet is famous.

Our author concludes his description of this great senator with
the following distich:

  Such adaptation ne’er was seen before,
  His trade a hog is, and his wit--a boar.

It has been proposed to us to amend the spelling: of the last word,
thus, _bore_; this improvement, however, as it was called, we reject
as a calumny.

Where the beauty of a passage is pre-eminently striking as above, we
waste not criticism in useless efforts at emendation.

The writer goes on. He tells you he cannot quit this history of wits,
without saying something of another individual; whom, however, he
describes as every way inferior to the two last-mentioned, but who,
nevertheless, possesses some pretensions to a place in the ROLLIAD.
The individual alluded to, is Mr. GEORGE SELWYN. The author describes
him as a man possessed of

  A plenteous magazine of retail wit
  Vamp’d up at leisure for some future hit;
  Cut for suppos’d occasions, like the trade,
  Where old new things for every shape are made!
  To this assortment, well prepar’d at home,
  No human chance unfitted e’er can come;
  No accident, however strange or queer,
  But meets its ready well-kept comment here.
  --The wary beavers thus their stores increase,
  And spend their winter on their summer’s grease.

The whole of the above description will doubtless remind the classic
reader of the following beautiful passage in the Tusculan Questions of
Cicero: _Nescio quomodo inhæret in mentibus quasi sæculorum_ quoddam
augurium futurorum--_idque in_ maximis ingeniis altissimisque animis
_existit maxime et apparet facillime_. This will easily account for
the system of previous fabrication so well known as the character of
Mr. Selwyn’s jokes. Speaking of an accident that befel this gentleman
in the _wars_, our author proceeds thus:

  Of old, when men from fevers made escape,
  They sacrific’d a cock to ÆSCULAPE:
  Thus, Love’s hot fever now for ever o’er,
  The prey of amorous malady no more,
  SELWYN remembers what his tutor taught,
  That old examples ever should be sought!
  And, gaily grateful, to his surgeon cries,
  “I’ve given to you the Ancient Sacrifice.”

The delicacy with which this historical incident is pourtrayed,
would of itself have been sufficient to transmit our author’s merit
to posterity: and with the above extract we shall finish the present
number of our commentaries.

[1] See No. III.

[2] The Reverend Rowland Hill, brother of Sir Richard.

                    *     *     *     *     *


The next person among the adherents of the Minister, whom MERLIN now
points out to the notice of ROLLO, is SIR SAMUEL HANNAY, Baronet,
a name recollected with great gratitude in the House: for there are
few Members in it to whom he has not been serviceable. This worthy
character indeed has done more to disprove Martial’s famous assertion,

  Non cuicunque datum est habere _nasum_,

than any individual upon record.

The author proceeds--

  But why, my HANNAY, does the ling’ring Muse
  The tribute of a line to thee refuse?
  Say, what distinction most delights thine ear,
  Or _Philo-Pill_, or _Philo-Minister?_
  Oh! may’st thou none of all thy titles lack,
  Or Scot, or Statesman, Baronet or Quack;
  For what is due to him, whose constant view is
  _Preventing_ private, or a public _lues?_

Who, that read the above description, do not, during the first
impression of it, suppose that they see the worthy Baronet once more
the pride of front advertisements--once more dispensing disregard and
oblivion amongst all his competitors; and making your Leakes, your
Lockyers, and your Velnos,

  --Hide their diminish’d heads.--

In the passages which immediately follow, the poet goes on to
felicitate the community upon the probable advantages to be derived to
them from the junction of this illustrious personage with our
immaculate Minister. He divides his congratulations into two parts.
He first considers the consequence of the union, as they may affect
the body personal; and secondly, as they may concern the body politic.
Upon the former subject, he says,

  This famous pair, in happy league combin’d,
  No risques shall man from wand’ring beauty find;
  For, should not chaste example save from ill,
  There’s still a refuge in the other’s pill.

With a sketch equally brief and masterly as the above, he describes
his hopes on the other branch of his division.

  The body politic no more shall grieve
  The motley stains that dire corruptions leave;
  No dang’rous humours shall infest the state,
  Nor _rotten Members_ hasten Britain’s fate.

Our author who, notwithstanding his usual and characteristic gravity,
has yet not un-frequently an obvious tendency to the sportive,
condescends now to take notice of a rumour, which in these times had
been universally circulated, that Sir Samuel bad parted with his
specific, and disposed of it to a gentleman often mentioned, and
always with infinite and due respect, in the ROLLIAD, namely,
Mr. Dundas.--Upon this he addresses Sir Samuel with equal truth and
good-humour in the following couplet:

  Then shall thy med’cine boast its native bent,
  Then spread its genuine blessing--_to prevent_.

Our readers cannot but know, it was by the means of a nostrum,
emphatically called a _Specific_, that Mr. Dundas so long contrived to
prevent the constitutional lues of a _Parliamentary Reform_. The
author, however, does not profess, to give implicit credit to the fact
of Sir Samuel’s having ungratefully disposed of his favourite recipe,
the happy source of his livelihood and fame; the more so, as it
appears that Mr. Dundas had found the very word _specific_ sufficient
for protracting a dreadful political evil on the three several
instances of its application. Under this impression of the thing,
the poet strongly recommends Sir Samuel to go on in the prosecution
of his original profession, and thus expresses his wish upon
the occasion, with the correct transcript of which we shall close
the history of this great man:

  In those snug corners be thy skill display’d,
  Where Nature’s tribute modestly is paid:
  Or near fam’d Temple-bar may some good dame,        }
  Herself past sport, but yet a friend to game,       }
  Disperse thy bills, and eternize thy fame.          }

MERLIN now calls the attention of our hero to a man whom there is
little doubt this country will long remember, and still less, that
they will have abundant reason for so doing, namely, Mr. SECRETARY
ORDE. It may seem odd by what latent association our author was led to
appeal next to the Right Honourable Secretary, immediately after the
description of a Quack Doctor; but let it be recollected in the first
place, to the honour of Sir Samuel Hannay, that he is, perhaps,
the only man of his order that ever had a place in the British House
of Commons; and in the second, that there are some leading
circumstances in the character of Mr. Orde, which will intitle him to
rank under the very same description as the worthy Baronet himself.
We all know that the most famous of all physicians, _Le Medecin malgré
lui_, is represented by Moliere, as a mart who changes the seat of the
heart, and reverses the intire position of the vital parts of the
human body. Now let it be asked, has not Mr. Orde done this most
completely and effectually with respect to the general body of the
state? Has he not transferred the heart of the empire? Has he not
changed its circulation, and altered the situation of the vital part
of the whole, from the left to the right, from the one side to the
other, from Great Britain to Ireland?--Surely no one will deny this;
and therefore none will be now ignorant of the natural gradation of
thought, by which our author was led, from the contemplation of Sir
Samuel Hannay, to the character of Mr. Orde.

We know not whether it be worth remarking, that the term _Le Medecin
malgré lui_, has been translated into English with the usual
incivility of that people to every thing foreign, by the uncourtly
phrase of _Mock Doctor_. We trust, however, that no one will think it
applicable in this interpretation to Mr. Orde, as it is pretty evident
he has displayed no mockery in his State Practices, but has performed
the character of Moliere’s _Medecin_, even beyond the notion of the
original; by having effected in sad and sober truth, to the full as
complete a change in the position of the _Cœur de l’Empire_, as the
lively fancy of the dramatist had imputed to his physician, with
respect to the human body, in mere speculative joke.

With a great many apologies for so long a note, we proceed now to the
much more pleasant part of our duty--that of transcribing from this
excellent composition; and proceed to the description of Mr. Orde’s
person, which the poet commences thus:

  Tall and erect, unmeaning, mute, and pale,
  O’er his blank face no gleams of thought prevail;
  Wan as the man in classic story fam’d,
  Who told old PRIAM that his Ilion flam’d;
  Yet soon the time will come when speak he hall,
  And at his voice another Ilion fall!

The excellence of this description consists as that of a portrait
always must, in a most scrupulous and inveterate attention to
likeness.--Those who know the original, will not question the accuracy
of resemblance on this occasion. The idea conveyed in the last line,

  And at his voice another Ilion fall,

is a spirited imitation of the _fuimus Troes, fuit Ilium_, of Virgil,
and a most statesmanlike anticipation of the future fate of England.

The author now takes an opportunity of shewing the profundity of his
learning in British history. He goes on to say,

  CÆSAR, we know, with anxious effort try’d
  To swell, with Britain’s name, his triumph’s pride:
  Oft he essay’d, but still essay’d in vain;
  Great in herself, she mock’d the menac’d chain.
  But fruitless all--for what was CÆSAR’s sword
  To thy all-conquering speeches, mighty ORDE!!!

Our author cannot so far resist his classical propensity in this
place, as to refrain from the following allusion; which, however, must
be confessed at least, to be applied with justice.

  AMPHION’s lyre, they say, could raise a town;
  ORDE’s elocution pulls a Nation down.

He proceeds with equal spirit and erudition to another circumstance
in the earlier periods of English history,

  The lab’ring bosom of the teeming North
  Long pour’d, in vain, her valiant offspring forth;
  For GOTH or VANDAL, once on British shore,
  Relax’d his nerve, and conquer’d states no more.
  Not so the VANDAL of the modern time,
  This latter offspring of the Northern clime;
  He, with a breath, gives Britain’s wealth away,
  And smiles, triumphant, o’er her setting ray.

It will be necessary to observe here, that after much enquiry and very
laborious search, as to the birth-place of the Right Honourable
Secretary (for the honour of which, however difficult now to discover,
Hibernia’s cities will, doubtless, hereafter contend) we found that he
was born in NORTHUMBERLAND; which, added to other circumstances,
clearly establishes the applicability of the description of the word
_Goth_, &c. and particularly in the lines where he calls him the

  ------VANDAL of the modern time,
  The latter offspring of the Northern clime.

Having investigated, with an acumen and minuteness seldom incident to
genius, and very rarely met with in the sublimer poetry, all the
circumstances attending an event which he emphatically describes as
the _Revolution_ of seventeen hundred and eighty-five, he makes the
following address to the English:

  No more, ye English, high in classic pride,
  The phrase uncouth of Ireland’s sons deride;
  For say, ye wise, which most performs the fool,
  Or he who _speaks_, or he who _acts_--a BULL.

The Poet catches fire as he runs:

        --Poetica surgit

He approximates now to the magnificent, or perhaps more properly to
the _mania_ of Poetry, and like another Cassandra, begins to try his
skill at prophecy; like her he predicts truly, and like her, for the
present at least, is not, perhaps, very implicitly credited.--He
proceeds thus;

  Rapt into future times, the Muse surveys
  The rip’ning; wonders of succeeding days:
  Sees Albion prostrate, all her splendour gone!
  In useless tears her pristine state bemoan;
  Sees the fair sources of her pow’r and pride
  In purer channels roll their golden tide;
  Sees her at once of wealth and honour shorn,
  No more the nations’ envy, but their scorn;
  A sad example of capricious fate,
  Portentous warning to the proud and great:
  Sees Commerce quit her desolated isle,
  And seek in other climes a kinder soil;
  Sees fair Ierne rise from England’s flame,
  And build on British ruin, Irish fame.

The Poet in the above passage, is supposed to have had an eye to
Juno’s address to Æolus in the first book of the Æneid:

  Gens inimica mihi Tyrrhenum navigat æquor
  _Ilium_ in _Italiam_ portans, _Victos_ que _Penates_.

                    *     *     *     *     *


Though we have at length nearly exhausted the beauties of that part
of our author’s work, in which the characters of the leading Members
of the House of Commons are so poetically and forcibly delineated;
we shall find, however, that the genius of the poet seems to receive
fresh vigour, as he approaches the period of his exertions, in the
illustrious Mr. ROLLE. What can be more sublime or picturesque than
the following description!

  Erect in person, see yon Knight advance,
  With trusty ’Squire, who bears his shield and lance;
  The Quixote HOWARD! Royal Windsor’s pride,
  And Sancho Panca POWNEY by his side;
  A monarch’s champion, with indignant frown,
  And haughty mein, he casts his gauntlet down;
  Majestic sits, and hears, devoid of dread,
  The dire Phillippicks whizzing round his head.
  Your venom’d shafts, ye sons of Faction spare;
  However keen, they cannot enter there.

And how well do these lines, immediately succeeding, describe
the manner of speaking, which characterizes an orator of such
considerable weight and authority:

  He speaks, he speaks! Sedition’s chiefs around,
  With unfeign’d terror hear the solemn sound;
  While little POWNEY chears with livelier note,
  And shares his triumph in a silent vote.

Some have ignorantly objected to this as an instance of that figure
for which a neighbouring kingdom is so generally celebrated, vulgarly
distinguished by the appellation of a _Bull_; erroneously conceiving a
silent vote to be incompatible with the vociferation here alluded to:
those, however, who have attended parliamentary debates, will inform
them, that numbers who most loudly exert themselves, in what is called
_chearing_ speakers, are not upon that account entitled to be
themselves considered as such.--Our author has indeed done injustice
to the worthy member in question, by classing him among the number of
mutes, he having uniformly taken a very active part in all debates
relating to the militia; of which truly constitutional body, he is a
most respectable Pillar, and one of the most conspicuous ornaments.

It is unquestionably the highest praise we can bestow upon a member of
the British House of Commons, to say, that he is a faithful
representative of the people, and upon all occasions speaks the real
sentiments of his constituents; nor can an honest ambition to attain
the first dignities of the state, by honourable means, be ever imputed
to him as a crime. The following encomium, therefore, must be
acknowledged to have been justly merited by a noble Lord, whose
independent and disinterested conduct has drawn upon him the censures
of disappointed faction.

  The Noble CONVERT, Berwick’s honour’d choice,
  That faithful echo of the people’s voice,
  One day, to gain an Irish title glad,
  For Fox he voted--so the people bad;
  ’Mongst English Lords ambitious grown to sit,
  Next day the people bade him vote for PITT:
  To join the stream our Patriot, nothing loth,
  By turns discreetly gave his voice to both.

The title of Noble convert, which was bestowed upon his Lordship by a
Speaker of the degraded Whig faction, is here most judiciously adopted
by our Author, implying thereby that this denomination, intended,
no doubt, to convey a severe reproach, ought rather to be considered
as a subject of panegyric: this is turning the artillery of the enemy
against themselves--

  “Neque lex est justior ulla, &c.”

In the next character introduced, some persons may perhaps object to
the seeming impropriety of alluding to a bodily defect; especially one
which has been the consequence of a most cruel accident; but when it
is considered, that the mention of the personal imperfection is made
the vehicle of an elegant compliment to the superior qualifications of
the mind, this objection, though founded in liberality, will naturally
fall to the ground.

The circumstance of one of the Representatives of the first city in
the world having lost his leg, while bathing in the sea, by the bite
of a shark, is well known; nor can the dexterity with which he avails
himself of the use of an artificial one, have escaped the observation
of those who have seen him in the House of Commons, any more than the
remarkable humility with which he is accustomed to introduce his very
pointed and important observations upon the matters in deliberation
before that august assembly.

  “One moment’s time might I presume to beg?”
  Cries modest WATSON, on his wooden leg;
  That leg, in which such wond’rous art is shown,
  It almost seems to serve him like his own;
  Oh! had the monster, who for breakfast eat
  That luckless limb, his nobler noddle met,
  The best of workmen, nor the best of wood,
  Had scarce supply’d him with a head so good.

To have asserted that neither the utmost extent of human skill, nor
the greatest perfection in the materials, could have been equal to an
undertaking so arduous, would have been a species of adulation so
fulsome, as to have shocked the known modesty of the worthy
magistrate; but the forcible manner in which the difficulty of
supplying so capital a loss is expressed, conveys, with the utmost
delicacy, a handsome, and, it must be confessed, a most justly merited
compliment to the Alderman’s abilities.

The imitation of celebrated writers is recommended by Longinus,
and has, as our readers must have frequently observed, been practised
with great success, by our author; yet we cannot help thinking that
he has pushed the precept of this great critic somewhat too far,
in having condescended to copy, may we venture to say with so much
servility, a genius so much inferior to himself as Mr. Pope. We allude
to the following lines:

  While Roman spirit charms, or Scottish wit?
  MACDONALD, shining a refulgent star,
  To light alike the senate and the bar;
  And HARLEY, constant to support the throne,
  Great follower of its interests and his own.

The substitution of _Scottish_ for _Attic_, in the second line, is
unquestionably an improvement, since however Attic wit may have been
proverbial in ancient times, the natives of Scotland are so
confessedly distinguished among modern nations for this quality, that
the alteration certainly adds considerable force to the compliment.
But however happily and justly the characters are here described,
we cannot think this merit sufficient to counterbalance the objection
we have presumed to suggest, and which is principally founded upon the
extreme veneration and high respect we entertain for the genius
of our author.

Mr. Addison has observed, that Virgil falls infinitely short of Homer
in the characters of his Epic Poem, both as to their variety and
novelty, but he could not with justice have said the same of the
author of the ROLLIAD; and we will venture to assert, that the single
book of this Poem, now under our consideration, is, in this respect,
superior to the whole, both of the Iliad and the Æneid together.
The characters succeed each other with a rapidity that scarcely allows
the reader time to admire and feel their several beauties.

  GALWAY and GIDEON, in themselves a host,
  Of York and Coventry the splendid boast:
  WHITBREAD and ONGLEY, pride of Bedford’s vale,
  This fam’d for selling, that for saving ale;
  And NANCY POULETT, as the morning fair,
  Bright as the sun, but common as the air;
  Inconstant nymph! who still with open arms,
  To ev’ry Minister devotes her charms.

But when the Poet comes to describe the character of the hero of his
work, the present Member for the county of Devon, whom MERLIN points
out to his illustrious ancestor, as uniting in himself all the Various
merits of the worthies whose excellencies he has recorded, he seems to
rise even above himself.--It is impossible to do justice to his
character, without transcribing the whole, which would exceed the
limits of our work; we shall therefore only give to our readers the
concluding lines, because they contain characteristic observations
upon other distinguished Members, most of whom have hitherto passed

  In thee, my son, shall ev’ry virtue meet,
  To form both senator and man complete:
  A mind like WRAY’s, with stores of fancy fraught,
  The wise Sir WATKIN’s vast extent of thought;
  Old NUGENT’s style, sublime, yet ne’er obscure,
  With BAMBER’s Grammar, as his conscience pure;
  BRETT’s brilliant sallies, MARTIN’s sterling sense,
  And GILBERT’s wit, that never gave offence:
  Like WILKES, a zealot in his Sovereign’s cause,
  Learn’d as MACDONALD in his country’s laws;
  Acute as AUDREY, as Sir LLOYD polite,
  As EASTWICKE lively, and as AMBLER bright.

The justice of [1] the compliment to SIR CECIL WRAY, will not be
disputed by those who have been fortunate enough to have met with the
beautiful specimens of juvenile poetry, with which some of his friends
have lately indulged the public.

Johannes Scriblerus, a lineal descendant of the learned and celebrated
Martinus, reads “Starling Martin’s sense,” alluding to that powerful
opponent of the detestable Coalition having recommended that a bird of
that species should be placed on the right of the Speaker’s chair,
after having been taught to repeat the word Coalition, in order to
remind the House of that disgraceful event, which had nearly
established an efficient and strong government in this country: to
which severe and admirable stroke of satire, the object of it clumsily
and uncivilly answered, that whilst that gentleman sat in the House,
he believed the Starling might be allowed to perform his office by
deputy. We have, however, ventured to differ from this great authority,
and shall continue to read, “Martin’s Sterling sense,” as well
because we are of opinion that these words are peculiarly applicable
to the gentleman alluded to, as that it does not appear probable our
author should have been willing to make his poem the vehicle of an
indecent sarcasm, upon a person of such eminent abilities.

The compliment to Mr. B.G. in the comparison of the purity of his
language to the integrity of his conduct, is happily conceived;
but that to the ingenious Mr. Gilbert, the worthy Chairman of the
Committee of Supply, is above all praise, and will, we are persuaded,
notwithstanding the violence of party, by all sides be admitted to be
strictly just.

[1] The characteristic of _Fancy_, which our Poet has attributed to
Sir Cecil, must not be misunderstood. It is a Fancy of the chastized
kind; distinguished for that elegant simplicity, which the French call
_naïveté_, and the Greeks αφελεια. We shall insert here two or three
of the shorter specimens.

  _To_ CÆLIA _(now Lady_ Wray) _on seeing her the 8th of August, 1776,
  powdering her hair_


    Thy locks, I trow, fair maid,
    Don’t never want this aid:
    Wherefore thy powder spare,
    And only _comb_ thy hair.

  _To_ SIR JOSEPH MAWBEY, _proposing, in consequence of a previous
  Engagement, a Party to go a-fishing for White-Bait._

    Worthy SIR JOE, we all are wishing
    You’ll come with us a-White-Bait-fishing.

  _A Thought on_ NEW MILK _some Time toward the Spring of the Year

    Oh! how charming is New Milk!
    Sweet as sugar!--smooth as silk!

  _An_ IDEA _on a_ PECK _of_ COALS.

    I buy my Coals by peck, that we
    May have ’em _fresh_ and _fresh_, d’ye see.

                    *     *     *     *     *


After concluding the review of the Ministerialists with the young
Marcellus of the Poem, the illustrious Mr. ROLLE; our author directs
the attention of DUKE ROLLO to the Opposition-bench. He notices the
cautious silence of MERLIN relative to that side of the House, and
rather inquisitively asks the reason; on which the Philosopher
(a little unphilosophically, we must confess) throws himself into a
violent passion, and for a long time is wholly incapable of
articulating a syllable. This is a common situation in poets both
ancient and modern, as in Virgil and Milton;

  Ter conata loqui, &c.
  Thrice he essay’d, and thrice in spight of scorn
  Tears, such as angels weep, burst forth, &c.

but we will venture to assert, that it was never painted in a manner
half so lively, as by the author of the ROLLIAD.

  Thrice he essay’d, but thrice in vain essay’d;
  His tongue, throat, teeth, and lips, refus’d their aid:
  Till now the stifled breath a passage broke;
  He gasp’d, he gap’d--but not a word he spoke.

How accurately, and learnedly, has the poet enumerated all the organs
of speech, which separately and jointly refuse to execute their
respective offices! How superior is this to the simply cleaving of the
tongue to the palate, the _Vox faucibus hæsit_ of Virgil. For as
Quintilian observes, a detail of particulars is infinitely better than
any general expression, however strong. Then the poor Prophet obtains
a little remission of his paroxysm; he begins to breathe
convulsively--_he gasped_; he opens his mouth to its utmost
extent--_he gaped_; our expectations are raised, and, alas! he still
continues unable to utter--_not a word he spoke_. Surely nothing can
be more natural in point of truth, than all the circumstances of this
inimitable description: nothing more artful in point of effect, than
the suspence and attention which it begets in the mind of the reader!

At length, however, MERLIN recovers his voice; and breaks out into a
strain of most animated invective, infinitely superior to every thing
of the kind in Homer; though the old Grecian must be acknowledged not
to want spirit in the altercations, or scolding matches, of his heroes
and Gods. The Prophet begins, as a man in any great emotion always
must, at the middle of a verse;

  ------ ------ ------Tatterdemalions,
  Scald miserables, Rascals and Rascalions,
  Buffoons, Dependants, Parasites, Toad-eaters,
  Knaves, Sharpers, Black-legs, Palmers, Coggers, Cheaters,
  Scrubs, Vagrants, Beggars, Mumpers, Ragamuffins,
  Rogues, Villains, Bravos, Desperados, Ruffians,
  Thieves, Robbers, Cut-throats, &c. &c. &c.

And in this manner he proceeds, with single appellatives of reproach,
for ten or twelve lines further; when, his virtuous indignation a
little subsiding, or his Dictionary failing, he becomes more
circumlocutory; as for instance,

  Burglarious Scoundrels, that again would steal
  The PREMIER’s Plate, and CHANCELLOR’s Great Seal;
  Of public Murderers, Patrons and Allies,
  Hirelings of France, their country’s enemies, &c.

which style he continues for more than twenty lines.

We are truly sorry, that the boundaries of our plan would not allow us
to present our readers with the whole of this finished passage in
detail; as it furnishes an indisputable proof, that, however the Greek
language may have been celebrated for its copiousness, it must yield
in that respect to the English. For if we were to collect all the
terms of infamy bandied about[1], from Æschines to Demosthenes, and
from Demosthenes back again to Æschines; and if to these we should
add in Latin the whole torrent of calumny poured by Cicero on Antony
and Piso; though the ancient orators were tolerably fluent in this
kind of eloquence, they would, all together, be found to fall very
short of our poet, shackled as he is with rhyme, in the force no less
than the variety of his objurgatory epithets. At the same time it must
not be concealed, that he possessed one very considerable advantage in
the rich repositories of our ministerial newspapers. He has culled the
flowers, skimmed the cream, and extracted the very quintessence of
those elegant productions with equal industry and success. Indeed,
such of our readers as are conversant with the Morning Post and Public
Advertiser, the White-Hall, the St. James’s, and, in short, the
greater part of the evening prints, will immediately discover the
passage now before us to be little more than a cento. It is however
such a cento as indicates the man of genius, whom puny scribblers may
in vain endeavour to imitate in the NEW ROLLIADS.

It is possible, MERLIN might even have gone on much longer: but he is
interrupted by one of those disturbances which frequently prevail in
the House of Commons. The confusion is finely described in the
following broken couplet:

  Spoke! Spoke!--Sir--Mr. Speaker--Order there!
  I rise--spoke! Question! Question!--Chair! Chair! Chair!

This incident is highly natural, and introduced with the greatest
judgment, as it gives another opportunity of exhibiting Mr. ROLLE, and
in a situation, where he always appears with conspicuous pre-eminence.

  Great ROLLO look’d, amaz’d; nor without fears,
  His hands applied by instinct to his ears:
  He look’d, and lo! amid the wild acclaim
  Discern’d the future glory of his name;
  O’er this new Babel of the noisy croud,
  More fierce than all, more turbulent, more loud.
  Him yet he heard, with thund’ring voice contend,
  “Him first, him last, him midst, him without end.”

This concluding line our author has condescended to borrow from
Milton; but how apposite and forcible is the application! How
emphatically does it express the noble perseverance with which the
Member for Devonshire has been known to persist on these occasions,
in opposition to the Speaker himself.

ROLLO, however, is at length wearied, as the greatest admirers
of Mr. ROLLE have sometimes been, with the triumphs of his
illustrious descendant.

  But ROLLO, as he clos’d his ears before,
  Now tired, averts his eyes to see no more.
  Observant MERLIN, while he turn’d his head,
  The lantern shifted, and the vision fled.

To understand this last line, our reader must recollect, that though
the characters introduced in this vision are preternaturally endowed
with seeming powers of speech, yet the forms or shadows of them are
shewn by means of a magic lantern.

Having now concluded our observations upon this part of the Poem--we
shall close them with remarking, that as our author evidently borrowed
the idea of this vision, in which the character of future times are
described, from Virgil, he has far surpassed his original; and as his
description of the present House of Commons, may not improbably have
called to his mind the Pandæmonium of Milton, we do not scruple to
assert, that in the execution of his design, that great master of the
sublime has fallen infinitely short of him.

[1] More particularly in their two famous orations, which, are
entitled “_On the Crown._”

                    *     *     *     *     *


Our readers may possibly think, that verses enough have been already
devoted to the celebration of Mr. ROLLE; the Poet, however, is not of
the same opinion. To crown the whole, he now proceeds to commemorate
the column which is shortly to be erected on the spot, where the
Member for Devonshire formerly went to School, application having been
made to Parliament for leave to remove the school from its present
situation; and a motion being intended to follow, for appropriating a
sum of money to mark the scene and record the fact of Mr. ROLLE’s
education, for the satisfaction of posterity, who might otherwise have
been left in a state of uncertainty, whether this great man had any
education at all.

MERLIN first shews ROLLO the school. The transition to this object
from the present House of Commons is easy and obvious. Indeed, the
striking similarity between the two visions is observed by ROLLO in
the following passage:

  The Hero sees, thick-swarming round the place,
  In bloom of early youth, a busy race;
  _Propria quæ maribus_, with barbarous sound,
  _Syntax_ and _prosody_ his ear confound,
  “And say (he cries), Interpreter of fate,
  Oh! say, is this some jargon of debate?
  What means the din, and what the scene? proclaim;
  Is this another vision, or the same?
  For trust me, Prophet, to my ears, my eyes,
  A second House of Commons seems to rise.”

MERLIN however rectifies the mistake of the good Duke: and points out
to him his great descendant, in the shape of a lubberly boy, as
remarkably mute on this occasion, as we lately found him in the House,

  More fierce than all, more turbulent, more loud.

The flaggellation of Mr. ROLLE succeeds, which, as MERLIN informs
ROLLO, is his daily discipline. The sight of the rod, which the
Pædagogue flourishes with a degree of savage triumph over the exposed,
and bleeding youth, awakens all the feelings of the ancestor:

  Stay, monster, stay! he cries in hasty mood,
  Throw that dire weapon down--behold my blood!

We quote this couplet the rather, because it proves our author to be
as good a Critic as a Poet. For the last line is undoubtedly a new
reading of Virgil’s,

  Projice tela manu,--Sanguis meus!

And how much more spirited is this interpretation,

  ------ ------ ------Behold my blood!

than the commonly received construction of the Latin words, by which
they are made to signify simply, “O my son!” and that too with the
assistance of a poetical licence. There is not a better emendation in
all the Virgilius Restauratus of the learned Martinus Scriblerus.

On the exclamation of ROLLO, which we have just quoted, the Prophet,
perceiving that he has moved his illustrious visitor a little too far,
administers every consolation,

  “Thy care dismiss (the Seer replied, and smil’d)
  Tho’ rods awhile may weal the sacred child,
  In vain ten thousand [1]BUSBIES should employ
  Their pedant arts his genius to destroy;
  In vain at either end thy ROLLE assail,
  To learning proof alike at head and tail.”

Accordingly this assurance has its proper effect in calming the mind
of the Duke.

But the great topic of comfort, or we should rather say of exultation,
to him, is the prophecy of the column, with which MERLIN concludes his

  Where now he suffers, on this hallow’d land,
  A Column, public Monument, shall stand:
  And many a bard around the sculptur’d base,
  In many a language his renown shall trace;
  In French, Italian, Latin, and in Greek;
  That all, whose curious search this spot shall seek,
  May read, and reading tell at home, return’d,
  How much great ROLLE was flogg’d, how little learn’d.

What a noble, and what a just character of the great ROLLE is
contained in the last line! A mind tinctured with modern prejudices
may be at a loss to discover the compliment. But our author is a man
of erudition and draws his ideas from ancient learning, even where he
employs that learning, like [2]Erasmus and the admirable Creichton,
in praise of ignorance. Our classical readers, therefore, will see in
this portrait of Mr. ROLLE, the living resemblance of the ancient
Spartans; a people the pride of Greece, and admiration of the world,
who are peculiarly distinguished in history for their systematic
contempt of the fine arts, and the patience with which they taught
their children to bear floggings.

The School now vanishes, and the Column rises, properly adorned with
the inscriptions, which the philosopher explains. But as we have been
favoured with correct copies of the inscriptions themselves, which
were selected from a much greater number composed by our universities,
we shall here desert our Poet, and present the public with the

The two first are in Greek; and agreeably to the usual style of Greek
inscriptions, relate the plain fact in short and simple, but elegant
and forcible, phraseology.

  Ωδε το Ρητορικης δεινον ςτομα θαυμα τε Βυλης,
  Πρωτα ΔΕΒΩΝΙΖΕΙΝ απεμανθανε παις ποτε ΡΩΛΛΟΣ.

The word Δεβωνιζειν is not to be found in our Lexicons; but we
presume, that it means, “to speak the dialect of Devonshire;” from
Δεβωνια, which is Greek for Devonshire. Accordingly, we have so
rendered it in a translation, which we have attempted for the benefit
of the country gentlemen and the ladies.

  The senate’s wonder, ROLLE [3]of mighty tongue,
  Here first his Devonshire unlearn’d when young.

How simple, yet how full, is the expression of this distich!
How perfectly does it agree with the notion, which our poet has
inculcated, of Mr. ROLLE! He was employed at school not to learn but
to unlearn; his whole progress, was, like a crab’s, backward.

There is a beauty in the Greek which it is impossible to preserve in
English; the word which we have translated “_unlearned_,” is in the
imperfect tense: and, in the nicety of that accurate language implies,
that the action was begun, but not completed; that Mr. ROLLE made some
proficiency in unlearning his Devonshire; but had not effectually
accomplished it during his stay at the school.

The other Greek inscription has something more ingenious, from a
seeming paradox in the turn of it:

  Ουτνς ο μηποτε που τι μαθων προς μητινος, ωδε
  Παις ποτε ΡΩΛΛΙΑΔΗΣ, οσσαπερ οιδ, εμαθεν.

  He, who to learning nothing owes,
  Here ROLLE, a boy, learn’d all he knows.

By which concluding word “_knows_,” we must certainly understand
acquired knowledge only; since Mr. ROLLE has been celebrated by our
Poet in the most unequivocal manner, as may be seen in the twelfth
number of our Criticisms, for his great natural faculties. The sense
of this last Epigram will then be merely, that the Member for
Devonshire had no particle of acquired knowledge; but is an
αυτοδιδακτος, a self-taught scholar, a character so much admired in
ancient times. The Latin inscription is as follows:

  Hic ferulæ, dextram, hîc, virgis cædenda magistri,
    Nuda dedit patiens tergora ROLLIADES.
  At non ROLLIADEN domuerunt verbera; non, quæ
    Nescio quid gravius præmonuere, minæ,
  Ah! quoties illum æqualis mirata corona est
    Nec lacrymam in pænis rumpere, nec gemitum!
  Ah! quoties, cum supplicio jam incumberet, ipsi
    [4]Orbillo cecidit victa labore manus!
  I, puer; I, forti tolerando pectore plagas,
    Æmula ROLLIADÆ nomina disce sequi.

  Here to the ferule ROLLE his hand resign’d,
  Here to the rod he bar’d the parts behind;
  But him no stripes subdu’d, and him no fear
  Of menac’d wrath in future more severe.
  How oft the youthful circle wond’ring saw
  That pain from him nor tear, nor groan could draw!
  How oft, when still unmoved, he long’d to jerk,
  The master’s wearied hand forsook the work!
  Go, boy; and scorning rods, or ferules, aim
  By equal worth to rival ROLLE in fame.

The beauty of these lines, we presume, is too obvious to require any
comment. We will confidently affirm, that they record as glorious an
example of patience as any to be found in all the History of the
Flagellants, though the ingenious M. De Lolme has extended the subject
into a handsome Quarto.

The Italian inscription is a kind of short dialogue, in which the
traveller is introduced, demanding the name of the person to whom
the pillar is erected.

  A chi si sta questa colonna? Al ROLLE;
  Che di parlar apprese in questo loco
  Greco e Latino nò, ma Inglese--un poco.
  Basta così. Chi non sa il resto, è folle.

This abrupt conclusion we think very fine. It has however been
censured as equivocal. Some critics have urged, that the same turn
has, in fact, been applied equally to men greatly famous and greatly
infamous; to Johannes Mirandula, and Colonel Chartres: and in the
present case, say these cavillers, it may be construed to signify
either that the rest is too well known to require repetition, or that
there is nothing more to be known. But the great character of
Mr. ROLLE will at once remove all ambiguity.

The French inscription was furnished by Mr. ROLLE himself on the day
of his election. The idea was first expressed by him in English,
and then done into French verse by the [5] Dutch dancing master
at Exeter, to whom Mr. ROLLE is indebted for his extraordinary
proficiency in that science.

  Ne pouvoir point parler à mon chien je reproche;
  Moi, j’acquis en ces lieux le don de la parole:
  Je vais donc, & bien vite, à Londres par le coche,
  Faire entendre au Senat, que je suis un vrai ROLLE.

The _par le coche_ seems to be an addition of the Dancing-master,
who was certainly no very great Poet, as appears by his use of
feminine rhymes only, without any mixture of masculine: an
irregularity perfectly inadmissible, as all our polite readers must
know, in the nicety of French prosody. We shall subjoin for the
entertainment of our readers an inscription in the parish school at
Rouen, which was written about a century since on the original Rollo.

    Ici ROLLON fessé soir & matin,
    Beaucoup souffrit, point n’apprit se Latin.
  Aux fiers combats bien mieux joua son rôle:
  Tuer des gens lui parut chose drôle.
    Femme epousa, plus douce que satin,
    Et, par bonheur, déjà veuve & catin;
  D’elle reçut un fils & la v------le.
  Ainsi, Lecteur, naquit le premier ROLLE!

But to return to our author. After the vision of the column, MERLIN
proceeds in a short speech to intimate to ROLLO, that higher honours
may yet await his descendant in the House of Lords,

  Where ROLLE may be, what ROLLO was before.

This, as may be naturally supposed, excites the curiosity of the Duke;
but MERLIN declares, that it is not permitted him to reveal the
glories of the Upper house. The hero must first fulfil his fates,
by mortally wounding the Saxon drummer, whom Providence shall inspire
in his last moments for this particular purpose.

  Ere yet thou know, what higher honours wait
  Thy future race, accomplish them thy fate.
  When now the bravest of our Saxon train
  Beneath thy conquering arms shall press the plain;
  What yet remains, his voice divine in death
  Shall tell, and Heav’n for this shall lengthen out his breath.

Which last line is most happily lengthened out into an Alexandrine,
to make the sound an echo to the sense. The pause too after the words
“shall tell,” finely marks the sudden catches and spasmodic efforts of
a dying man. Some extracts from the Drummer’s prophecies have already
been given to the public; and from these specimens of his loquacity
with a thurst in quarte through his lungs, our readers will probably
see the propriety with which the immediate hand of Heaven is here
introduced. The most rigid critic will not deny that here is truly the

  Dignus vindice nodus,

which Horace requires to justify the interposition of a Divinity.

We are now come to the concluding lines of the sixth book. Our readers
are probably acquainted with the commonly-received superstition
relative to the exit of Magicians, that they are carried away by
Devils. The poet has made exquisite use of this popular belief, though
he could not help returning in the last line to his favourite Virgil.
Classical observers will immediately perceive the allusion to

  ------Revocare gradum, superasque evadere ad auras
  Hic labor, hoc opus est;

in the description of ROLLO’s re-ascent from the night-cellar into
the open air.

The Prophet foreseeing his instant end,

  “At once, farewel,” he said. But, as he said,
  Like mortal bailiffs to the sight array’d,
  Two fiends advancing seiz’d, and bore away
  To their dark dens the much-resisting prey:
  While ROLLO nimbly clamber’d in a fright,
  Tho’ steep and difficult the way, to light.

And thus ends the sixth book of the ROLLIAD; which we have chosen for
the subject of the FIRST PART of our CRITICISMS. In the second part,
which is now going on in the Morning-Herald, where the first draughts
of the present numbers were originally published, we shall pursue our
Commentary through the House of Peers; and in a third part, for which
we are now preparing and arranging materials, it is our intention to
present our readers with a series of anecdotes from the political
history of our ministry, which our author has artfully contrived to
interweave in his inimitable poem.

And here, while we are closing this first Part, we cannot but
congratulate ourselves, that we have been the humble instruments of
first calling the attention of the learned to this wonderful effort of
modern genius, the fame of, which has already exceeded the limits of
this island, and perhaps may not be circumscribed by the present age;
which, we have the best reason to believe, will very shortly diffuse
the glory of our present Rulers in many and distant quarters of the
globe; and which may not improbably descend to exhibit them in their
true colours to remote posterity. That we indeed imagine our
Criticisms to have contributed very much to this great popularity of
the ROLLIAD, we will not attempt to conceal. And this persuasion shall
animate us to continue our endeavours with redoubled application, that
we may complete, as early as possible, the design, which we have some
time since formed to ourselves, and which we have now submitted to the
Public; happy, if that which is yet to come, be received with the same
degree of favour as this, which is now finished, so peculiarly
experienced even in its most imperfect condition.

[1] Dr. Busby, formerly master of Westminster school, was famous for
his consumption of birch. MERLIN uses his name here by the spirit of

[2] Erasmus wrote an _Encomium of Folly_, with abundant wit and
For Creichton, see the Adventurer.

[3] The literal English is “_vehement mouth of oratory._”

[4] A great flogger of antiquity,
    ------Memini quæ _plagosum_ mihi parvo
    _Orbilium_ dictare.             HOR.

[5] Mynheer Hoppingen Van Caperagen, who soon after the publication of
our first authentic Edition, sent the following letter to Mr. Ridgway:

                           D’Exeter, ce 18 Avril, 1785.

  “Je suis fort etonné. Monsieur, que vous ayez eu la hardiesse
  d’admettre dans “_La Critique de la Rolliade_,” une accusation
  contre moi qui n’est nullement fondée, et qui tend à me nuire dans
  l’esprit de tous les amateurs des beaux arts. Sachez, Monsieur, que
  je me suis donné la peine de traduire _mot à mot_ la célébré
  inscription, de mon digne élève et protecteur, _Mr. Rolle_; que je
  n’y ai rien ajouté, et que dans le vers où il est question _du
  coche_, votre Critique n’auroit dû voir qu’une preuve de l’économie
  de mon susdit _Mécene_. Quant aux rimes féminines que l’auteur me
  reproche avec tant d’aigreur, je vous dirai qu’il n’y a rien de
  _mâle_ dans l’esprit de Mr. _Rolle_, et que j’aurois blessé sa
  delicatesse en m’y prenant autrement; d’ailleurs je me moque des
  usages, et je ne veux pas que mes vers sautent à clochepied, comme
  ceux des poëtes François, qui n’entendent rien à la danse. Je ne
  doute pas que vous approuviez mon sentiment là-dessus, et que vous
  me fassiez rendre justice sur l’objet de ma plainte: en attendant,
  je vous prie de croire que je suis, avec le plus vif attachment,
      Monsieur, votre très obeissant serviteur,




                    *     *     *     *     *


We have now followed our admirable author through the _Sixth Book_ of
his poem; very much to our own edification, and, we flatter ourselves,
no less to the satisfaction of our readers. We have shewn the art with
which he has introduced a description of the leading characters of our
present House of Commons, by a contrivance something similar indeed to
that employed by Virgil, but at the same time sufficiently unlike to
substantiate his own claim to originality. And surely every candid
critic will admit, that had he satisfied himself with the same device,
in order to panegyrize his favourites in the other House, he would
have been perfectly blameless. But to the writer of the ROLLIAD, it
was not sufficient to escape censure; he must extort our praise, and
excite our admiration.

Our classical readers will recollect, that all Epic Heroes possess in
common with the poets who celebrate their actions, the gift of
_prophecy_; with this difference however, that poets prophecy while
they are in sound health, whereas the hero never begins to talk about
futurity, until he has received such a mortal wound in his lungs as
would prevent any man but a hero from talking at all: and it is
probably in allusion to this circumstance, that the power of
divination is distinguished in North Britain by the name of SECOND
SIGHT, as commencing when common vision ends. This faculty has been
attributed to dying warriors, both by _Homer_ and _Virgil_; but
neither of these poets have made so good use of it as our author, who
has introduced into the last dying speech of the Saxon Drummer, the
whole birth, parentage, and education, life, character, and behaviour,
of all those benefactors of their country, who at present adorn the
House of Peers, thereby conforming himself to modern usage, and at
the same time distinguishing the victorious Rollo’s prowess in
subduing an adversary, who dies infinitely harder than either Turnus
or Hector.

Without farther comment, we shall now proceed to favour our readers
with a few extracts. The first Peer mentioned by the _Dying Drummer_,
is the present _Marquis of Buckingham_: his appearance is ushered in
by an elegant panegyric on his father, Mr. _George Grenville_, of
which we shall only give the concluding lines:

  _George_, in whose subtle brain, if Fame say true,
  Full-fraught with wars, the fatal stamp-act grew;
  Great financier! stupenduous calculator!--
  _But, George_ the son is _twenty-one times_ greater!

It would require a volume, not only to point out all the merits of the
last line, but even to do justice to that Pindaric spirit, that abrupt
beauty, that graceful aberration from rigid grammatical contexts,
which appears in the single word _but_. We had however a further
intention in quoting this passage, viz. to assert our author’s claim
to the invention of that species of MORAL ARITHMETIC, which, by the
means of proper additions, subtractions, multiplications and
divisions, ascertains the relative merits of two characters more
correctly than any other mode of investigation hitherto invented. Lord
Thurlow, when he informed the House of Peers, that, “_one_ Hastings is
worth _twenty_ Macartneys,” had certainly the merit of ascertaining
the comparative value of the two men in _whole numbers_, and _without
a fraction_. He likewise enabled his auditors, by means of _the rule
of three_, to find out the numerical excellence of any other
individual; but to compare Lord Thurlow with our author, would be to
compare the scholar with the inventor; to compare a common
house-steward with _Euclid_ or _Archimedes_. We now return to the

After the lines already quoted, our dying drummer breaks out into the
following wonderful apostrophe:

  Approach, ye sophs, who, in your northern den,
  Wield, with both hands, your huge _didactic_ pen;
  Who, step by step, o’er _Pindus_’ up-hill road,
  Drag slowly on your learning’s pond’rous load:
  Though many a shock your perilous march encumbers,
  Ere the stiff prose can struggle into numbers;
  And you, at _comets’ tails_, who fondly stare,
  And find a mistress in the _lesser bear_;
  And you, who, full with metaphysics fraught,
  Detect sensation starting into thought,
  And trace each sketch by Memory’s hand design’d
  On that strange magic lantern call’d the MIND;
  And you, who watch each loit’ring empire’s fate;
  Who heap up fact on fact, and date on date;
  Who count the threads that fill the mystic loom,
  Where patient vengeance wove the fate of Rome;
  Who tell that wealth unnerv’d her soldier’s hand,        }
  That Folly urg’d the fate by traitor’s plann’d;          }
  Or, that she fell--because she could not stand:          }
  Approach, and view, in this capacious mind,
  Your scatter’d science in one mass combin’d:
  Whate’er tradition tells, or poets sing,
  Of giant-killing John, or John the King;

But we are apprehensive that our zeal has already hurried us too far,
and that we have exceeded the just bounds of this paper. We shall
therefore take some future opportunity of reverting to the character
of this prodigious nobleman, who possesses, and deserves to possess,
so distinguished a share in his master’s confidence. Suffice it to
say, that our author does full justice to every part of his character.
He considers him as a walking warehouse of facts of all kinds, whether
relating to history, astronomy, metaphysics, heraldry, fortifications,
naval tactics, or midwifery; at the same time representing him as a
kind of haberdasher of small talents, which he retails to the female
part of his family, instructing them in the mystery of precedence,
the whole art of scented pomatums, the doctrine of salves for broken
heads, of putty for _broken windows_, &c. &c. &c.

                    *     *     *     *     *


We now return to the dying drummer, whom we left in the middle of his
eulogy on the Marquis of Buckingham.

It being admitted, that the powers of the human mind depend on the
number and association of our ideas, it is easy to shew that the
illustrious Marquis is entitled to the highest rank in the scale of
human intelligence. His mind possesses an unlimited power of
inglutition, and his ideas adhere to each other with such tenacity,
that whenever his memory is stimulated by any powerful interrogatory,
it not only discharges a full answer to that individual question, but
likewise such a prodigious flood of collateral knowledge, derived from
copious and repeated infusions, as no common skull would be capable of
containing. For these reasons, his Lordship’s fitness for the
department of the Admiralty, a department connected with the whole
cyclopœdia of science, and requiring the greatest variety of talents
and exertions, seems to be pointed out by the hand of Heaven;--it is
likewise pointed out by the dying drummer, who describes in the
following lines, the immediate cause of his nomination:--

  On the great day, when Buckingham, by pairs
  Ascended, Heaven impell’d, the K------’s back-stairs;
  And panting breathless, strain’d his lungs to show
  From Fox’s bill what mighty ills would flow:
  That soon, _its source corrupt, Opinion’s thread,
  On India’s deleterious streams wou’d shed_;
  That Hastings, Munny Begum, Scott, must fall,
  And Pitt, and Jenkinson, and Leadenhall;
  Still, as with stammering tongue, he told his tale,
  Unusual terrors Brunswick’s heart assail;
  Wide starts his white wig from his royal ear,
  And each particular hair stands stiff with fear,

We flatter ourselves that few of our readers are so void of taste,
as not to feel the transcendant beauties of this description. First,
we see the noble Marquis mount the fatal steps “by pairs,” _i.e._ by
two at a time; and with a degree of effort and fatigue: and then he is
out of breath, which is perfectly natural. The obscurity of the third
couplet, an _obscurity_ which has been imitated by all the ministerial
writers on the India bill, arises from a confusion of metaphor,
so inexpressibly beautiful, that Mr. Hastings has thought fit to copy
it almost verbatum, in his celebrated letter from Lucknow. The effects
of terror on the royal wig, are happily imagined, and are infinitely
more sublime than the “_steteruntque comæ_” of the Roman poet; as the
attachment of a wig to its wearer, is obviously more generous and
disinterested than that of the person’s own hair, which naturally
participates in the good or ill fortune of the head on which it grows.
But to proceed.--Men in a fright are usually generous;--on that great
day, therefore, the Marquis obtained the promise of the Admiralty.
The dying drummer then proceeds to describe the Marquis’s well-known
vision, which he prefaces by a compliment on his Lordship’s
extraordinary proficiency in the art of lace-making. We have all
admired the parliamentary exertions of this great man, on every
subject that related to an art in which the county of Buckingham is so
deeply interested; an art, by means of which Britannia (as our author
happily expresses it)

  Puckers round naked breasts, a decent trimming,
  Spreads the thread trade, and propagates old women!

How naturally do we feel disposed to join with the dying drummer, in
the pathetic apostrophe which he addresses to his hero, when he
foresees that this attention will necessarily be diverted to other

  Alas! no longer round thy favorite STOWE,
  Shalt thou the nicer arts to artists show,
  No more on thumb-worn cushions deign to trace,
  With critic touch, the texture of bone-lace;
  And from severer toils, some moments robbing!
  Reclaim the vagrant thread, or truant bobbin!
  Far, other scenes of future glory rise,
  To glad thy sleeping, and thy waking eyes;
  As busy fancy paints the gaudy dream,
  Ideal docks, with shadowy navies teem:
  Whate’er on sea, on lake, or river floats,
  Ships, barges, rafts, skiffs, tubs, flat-bottom’d boats,
  Smiths, sailors, carpenters, in busy crowds,
  Mast, cable, yard, sail, bow-sprit, anchor, shrowds,
  Knives, gigs, harpoons, swords, handspikes, cutlass blades,
  Guns, pistols, swivels, cannons, carronades:
  All rise to view!--All blend in gorgeous show!
  Tritons and tridents, turpentine, tar--tow!

We will take upon ourselves to attest, that neither Homer nor Virgil
ever produced any thing like this. How amiable, how interesting,
is the condescension of the illustrious Marquis, while he assists the
old women in his neighbourhood in making bone-lace! How artfully is
the modest appearance of the aforesaid old women’s cushions (which we
are also told were dirty cushions) contrasted with the splendor and
magnificence of the subsequent vision! How masterly is the structure
of the last verse, and how nobly does the climax rise from tritons and
tridents--from objects which are rather picturesque than necessary--to
that most important article _tow_! an article “without which,” in
the opinion of Lord Mulgrave, “it would be impossible to fit out a
single ship.”

The drummer is next led to investigate the different modes of
meliorating our navy; in the course of which he introduces the
Marquis’s private thoughts on _flax_ and _forest-trees_; the natural
history of _nettles_, with proofs of their excellence in making
cables; a project to produce _aurum fulminans_ from Pinchbeck’s metal,
instead of gold, occasioned by admiral Barrington’s complaint of bad
powder; a discussion of Lord Ferrers’s mathematical mode of
ship-building; and a lamentation on the pertinacity with which his
Lordship’s vessels have hitherto refused to sail. The grief of the
Marquis on this occasion, awaking all our sympathy--

  Sighing, he struck his breast, and cried, “Alas!
  Shall a three decker’s huge unwieldy mass,
  ’Mid croud of foes, stand stupidly at bay,
  And by rude force, like Ajax, gain the day?
  No!--let Invention!------”

And at the moment his Lordship becomes pregnant, and is delivered of
a project that solves every difficulty.

The reader will recollect Commodore Johnstone’s discovery, that
“the aliquot parts being equal to the whole, two frigates are
indisputably tantamount to a line of battle-ship; nay, that they are
superior to it, as being more manageable.” Now, a sloop being more
docile than a frigate, and a cutter more versatile than a sloop,
&c. &c. is it not obvious that the _force_ of any vessel must be in an
inverse ratio to its _strength_? Hence, Lord Buckingham most properly

  Our light arm’d fleet will spread a general panic,
  For speed is power, says Pinchbeck, the mechanic.

The only objection to this system, is the trite professional idea,
that ships having been for some years past in the habit of sailing
directly forwards, must necessarily form and fight _in a straight
line_; but according to Lord Buckingham’s plan, the line of battle in
future is to be like the line of beauty, _waving_ and _tortuous_; so
that if the French, who confessedly are the most imitative people on
the earth, should wish to copy our manœuvres, their larger ships will
necessarily be thrown into confusion, and consequently be beaten.

But as Sir Gregory Page Turner finely says, “infallibility is not
given to human nature.” Our prodigious Marquis, therefore, diffident
of his talents, and not yet satisfied with his plan, rakes into that
vast heap of knowledge, which he has collected from reading, and forms
into one _compost_, all the naval inventions of every age and country,
in order to meliorate and fertilize the colder genius of Great
Britain. “In future,” says the drummer,

  All ages, and all countries, shall combine,
  To form our navy’s variegated line.
  Like some vast whale, or all-devouring shark,
  High in the midst shall rise old Noah’s _ark_:
  Or, if that ark be lost, of equal bulk,
  Our novel Noah rigs--the _Justice Hulk_:
  An Argo next, the peerless Catherine sends,
  The gorgeous gift of her _Mingrelian_ friends:

Here we cannot repress our admiration at the drummer’s skill in
geography and politics. He not only tells us that _Mingrelia_ is the
ancient _Colchis_, the country visited by the Argonauts, the country
which was then so famous for its fleeces, and which even now sends so
many virgins to the Grand Seignior’s seraglio, but he foresees the
advantages that will be derived to the navy of this kingdom, by the
submission of his Mingrelian majesty to the Empress of Russia.
But to proceed:

    And next, at our Canadian brethren’s pray’r,
    Ten stout _triremes_ the good pope shall spare!

We apprehend, with all due submission to the drummer, that here is a
small mistake. Our Canadian brethren may indeed possess great
influence with the Pope, on account of their perseverance in the
Catholic religion; but as all the triremes in his holiness’s
possession are unfortunately in bass-relief and marble, we have some
doubt of their utility at sea.

  Light-arm’d _evaas_, canoes that seem to fly,
  Our faithful _Oberea_ shall supply:
  _Gallies_ shall Venice yield. Algiers, _xebecs_--
  But thou, Nanquin, gay _yachts_ with towering decks;
  While fierce Kamtschatka------

But it is unnecessary to transcribe all the names of places mentioned
by our drummer in sailing eastward towards Cape Horn, and westward to
the Cape of Good Hope. We flatter ourselves that we have sufficiently
proved the stupendous and almost unnatural excellence of the new
Lord Buckingham; and that we have shewn the necessity of innovation in
the navy as well as in the constitution; we therefore shall conclude
this number, by expressing our hope and assurance, that the salutary
amputations which are meditated by the two state surgeons, Mr. Pitt,
and Mr. Wyvill, will speedily be followed by equally skilful
operations in our marine; and that the prophecy of the dying drummer
will be fulfilled in the completion of that delightful event--the
nomination of the noble Marquis to the department of the admiralty!

                    *     *     *     *     *


Having concluded his description of the Marquis of Buckingham,
our expiring prophet proceeds to the contemplation of other glories,
hardly less resplendent than those of the noble Marquis himself.
He goes on to the DUKE of RICHMOND.

In travelling round this wide world of virtue, for as such may the
mind of the noble Duke be described, it must be obvious to every one,
that the principal difficulty consists--in determining from what
quarter to set out; whether to commence in the _frigid zone_ of his
benevolence, or in the _torrid hemisphere_ of his loyalty; from the
_equinox_ of his œconomy, or from the _terra australis_ of his
patriotism. Our author feels himself reduced to the dilemma of the
famous _Archimedes_ in this case, though for a very different reason,
and exclaims violently for the Δος που στω, not because he has no
ground to stand upon, but because he has too much--because puzzled by
the variety, he feels an incapacity to make a selection. He represents
himself as being exactly in the situation of _Paris_ between the
different and contending charms of the three _Heathen Goddesses_, and
is equally at a loss on which to bestow his _detur pulcherimæ_. There
is indeed more beauty in this latter similitude than may at first view
appear to a careless and vulgar observer: the three goddesses in
question being, in all the leading points of their description, most
correctly typical of the noble Duke himself. As for example--_Minerva_,
we know, was produced out of the head of _Jove_, complete and perfect
at once. Thus the Duke of Richmond starts into the perfection of a
full-grown _engineer_, without the ceremony of gradual organization,
or the painful tediousness of progressive maturity.--_Juno_ was
particularly famed for an unceasing spirit of active persecution
against the bravest and most honourable men of antiquity. Col.
_Debbeige_, and some other individuals of modern time, might be
selected, to shew that the noble Duke is not in this respect without
some pretensions to sympathy with the queen of the skies.--_Venus_
too, we all know, originated from _froth_. For resemblance in this
point, _vide_ the noble Duke’s admirable theories on the subject of
_parliamentary melioration_.

Having stated these circumstances of embarrassment in a few
introductory lines to this part of the poem, our author goes on
to observe, that not knowing, after much and anxious thought, how to
adjust the important difficulty in question, he resolves at last to
trust himself entirely to the guidance of his muse, who, under the
influence of her usual inspiration, proceeds as follows:

  Hail thou, for either talent justly known,
  To spend the nation’s cash--or keep thy own;
  Expert alike to save, or be profuse,
  As money goes for thine, or England’s use;
  In whose esteem, of equal worth are thought,
  A public million, and a private groat.
  Hail, and--&c.

_Longinus_, as the learned well know, reckons the figure
_Amplification_ amongst the principal sources of the sublime, as does
_Quintilian_ amongst the leading requisites of rhetoric. That it
constitutes the very soul of eloquence, is demonstrable from the
example of that sublimest of all orators, and profoundest of all
statesman, Mr. _William Pitt_. If no expedient had been devised, by
the help of which the _same_ idea could be invested in a thousand
different and glittering habiliments, by which _one_ small spark of
meaning could be inflated into a blaze of elocution, how many
delectable speeches would have been lost to the Senate of Great
Britain? How severe an injury would have been sustained to the
literary estimation of the age? The above admirable specimen of the
figure, however, adds to the other natural graces of it, the excellent
recommendation of strict and literal truth. The author proceeds to
describe the noble Duke’s uncommon popularity, and to represent, that
whatever be his employment, whether the gay business of the state, or
the serious occupation of amusement, his Grace is alike sure of the
approbation of his countrymen.

  Whether thy present vast ambition be
  To check the rudeness of the’ intruding sea;
  Or else, immerging in a _civil_ storm,
  With equal wisdom to project--reform;
  Whether thou go’st while summer suns prevail,
  To enjoy the freshness of thy kitchen’s gale,
  Where, unpolluted by luxurious heat,
  Its large expanse affords a cool retreat;
  Or should’st thou now, no more the theme of mirth,
  Hail the great day that gave thy sov’reign birth,
  With kind anticipating zeal prepare,
  And make the _fourth_ of _June_ thy anxious care;
  O! wheresoe’er thy hallow’d steps shall stray
  Still, still, for thee, the grateful poor shall pray,
  Since all the bounty which thy heart denies,
  Drain’d by thy schemes, the _treasury_ supplies.

The reference to the noble Duke’s kitchen, is a most exquisite
compliment to his Grace’s well-known and determined aversion to the
specious, popular, and prevailing vices of _eating_ and _drinking_;
and the four lines which follow, contain a no less admirable allusion
to the memorable witticism of his Grace (memorable for the subject of
it, as well as for the circumstance of its being the only known
instance of his Grace’s attempting to degrade himself into the
vulgarity of joke).

When a minister was found in this country daring and wicked enough to
propose the suspension of a turnpike bill for one whole day, simply
for the reason, that he considered some little ceremony due to the
natal anniversary of the _highest_, and beyond all comparison, the
_best_ individual in the country; what was the noble Duke’s reply to
this frivolous pretence for the protraction of the national business?
“What care I,” said this great personage, with a noble warmth of
patriotic insolence, never yet attained by any of the present
timid-minded sons of faction, “What care I for the King’s birthday!--What
is such nonsense to me!” &c. &c. &c. It is true, indeed, times have been
a little changed since--but what of that! there is a solid truth in
the observation of Horace, which its tritism does not, nor cannot
destroy, and which the noble Duke, if he could read the original,
might with great truth, apply to himself and his sovereign:

  Tempora mutantur, et nos mutamur in illis.

A great critic affirms, that the highest excellence of writing, and
particularly of poetical writing, consists in this one power--to
_surprise_. Surely this sensation was never more successfully excited,
than by the line in the above passage, when considered as addressed
to the Duke of Richmond--

    Still, still, for thee, the _grateful poor_ shall pray!

Our author, however, whose correct judgment suggested to him, that
even the sublimity of surprise was not to be obtained at the expence
of truth and probability, hastens to reconcile all contradictions, by
informing the reader, that the _treasury_ is to supply the sources of
the charity, on account of which the noble Duke is to be prayed for.

The poet, with his usual philanthropy, proceeds to give a piece
of good advice to a person, with whom he does not appear at first
sight to have any natural connexion. He contrives, however,
even to make his seeming digression contribute to his purpose.
He addresses _Colonel Debbeige_ in the following goodnatured,
sublime and parental apostrophe--

  Learn, thoughtless _Debbeige_, now no more a youth,
  The woes unnumber’d that encompass truth.
  Nor of experience, nor of knowledge vain,
  Mock the chimæras of a sea-sick brain:
  Oh, learn on happier terms with him to live,
  Who ne’er knew _twice_, the weakness to forgive!
  Then should his grace some vast expedient find,
  To govern tempests, and controul the wind;
  Should he, like great _Canute_, forbid the wave,
  T’approach his presence, or his foot to lave;
  Construct some bastion, or contrive some mound,
  The world’s wide limits to encompass round;
  Rear a redoubt, that to the stars should rise,
  And lift himself, like Typhon, to the skies;
  Or should the mightier scheme engage his soul,
  To raise a platform on the _northern pole_,
  With foss, with rampart, stick, and stone, and clay,
  To build a breast-work on the _milky-way_,
  Or to protect his sovereign’s blest abode,
  Bid numerous batteries guard the _turnpike road_;
  Lest foul Invasion in disguise approach,
  Or Treason lurk within the _Dover_ coach.
  Oh, let the wiser duty then be thine,
  Thy skill, thy science, judgment to resign!
  With patient ear, the high-wrapt tale attend,
  Nor snarl at fancies which no skill can mend.
  So shall thy comforts with thy days increase,
  And all thy last, unlike thy first, be peace;
  No rude _courts martial_ shall thy fame decry,
  But half-pay plenty all thy wants supply.

It is difficult to determine which part of the above passage possesses
the superior claim to our admiration, whether its science, its
resemblance, its benevolence, or its sublimity.--Each has its turn,
and each is distinguished by some of our author’s happiest touches.
The climax from the pole oft the heavens to the pole of a coach, and
from the milky-way to a turnpike road, is conceived and exprest with
admirable fancy and ability. The absurd story of the wooden horse in
Virgil, is indeed remotely parodied in the line,

  Or Treason lurk within the Dover coach,

but with what accession of beauty, nature, and probability, we leave
judicious critics to determine. Indeed there is no other defence for
the passage alluded to in _Virgil_, but to suppose that the past
commentators upon it have been egregiously mistaken, and that this
famous _equus ligneus_, of which he speaks, was neither more nor less
than the _stage coach_ of antiquity. What, under any other
supposition, can be the meaning of the passage

  Aut hoc inclusi ligno occultantur _Achivi?_

Besides this, the term _machina_ we know is almost constantly used by
_Virgil_ himself as a synonyme for this horse, as in the line

  _Scandit fatalis_ machina _muros_, &c.

And do we not see that those authentic records of modern literature,
the newspapers, are continually and daily announcing to us--“This day
sets off from the Blue-boar Inn, precisely at half past five, the Bath
and Bristol _machine_!” meaning thereby merely the _stage coaches_ to
Bath and to Bristol. Again, immediately after the line last quoted (to
wit, _scandit fatalis machina muros)_ come these words,

  _Fæta armis_, i.e. filled with _arms_.

Now what can they possibly allude to, in the eye of sober judgment and
rational criticism, but the _guard_, or armed _watchman_, who, in
those days, went in the inside, or perhaps had a place in the _boot_,
and was employed, as in our modern conveyances, to protect the
passenger in his approximation to the metropolis. We trust the above
authorities will be deemed conclusive upon the subject; and indeed, to
say the truth, this idea does not occur to us now for the first time,
as in some hints for a few critical lucubrations intended as farther
_addenda_ to the _Virgilius Restauratus_ of the great Scriblerus, we
find this remark precisely:--“In our judgment, this horse (meaning
_Virgil_’s) may be very properly denominated--the DARDANIAN DILLY, or

We know not whether it be worth adding as a matter of mere fact,
that the great object of the noble Duke’s erections at Chatham,
which have not yet cost the nation a _million_, is simply and
exclusively this--to _enfilade_ the turnpike road, in case of a
foreign invasion.

The poet goes on--he forms a scientific and interesting presage of
the noble Duke’s future greatness.

  With gorges, scaffolds, breaches, ditches, mines,
  With culverins, whole and demi, and gabines;
  With trench, with counterscarp, with esplanade,
  With curtain, moat, and rhombo, and chamade;
  With polygon, epaulement, hedge and bank,
  With angle salient, and with angle flank:
  Oh! thou shall prove, should all thy schemes prevail,
  An UNCLE TOBY on a larger scale.
  While dapper, daisy, prating, puffing JIM,
  May haply personate good _Corporal Trim_.

Every reader will anticipate us in the recollection, that the person
here honoured with our author’s distinction, by the abbreviated
appellative of _Jim_, can be no other than the Hon. James Luttrel
himself, surveyor-general to the ordnance, the famous friends,
defender, and _commis_ of the Duke of Richmond. The words _dapper_ and
_daisy_, in the last line of the above passage, approximate perhaps
more nearly to the familiarity of common life, than is usual with our
author; but it is to be observed in the defence of them, that our
language supplies no terms in any degree so peculiarly characteristic
of the object to whom they are addressed. As for the remaining part of
the line, to wit, “_prating, puffing Jim_,” it will require no
vindication or illustration with those who have heard this honourable
gentleman’s speeches in parliament, and who have read the subsequent
representations of them in the diurnal prints.

Our immortal author, whose province it is to give poetical
construction, and _local habitation_ to the inspired effusions of the
_dying drummer_ (exactly as _Virgil_ did to the predictions of
_Anchises_), proceeds to finish the portrait exhibited in the above
passage by the following lines--

  As like your _prototypes_ as pea to pea,
  Save in the weakness of--_humanity_;
  Congenial quite in every other part,
  The same in _head_, but differing in the heart.

                    *     *     *     *     *


We resume with great pleasure our critical lucubrations on that most
interesting part of this divine poem, which pourtrays the character,
and transmits to immortality the name of the _Duke of_ RICHMOND.--Our
author, who sometimes condescends to a casual imitation of ancient
writers, employs more than usual pains in the elaborate delineation of
this illustrious personage. Thus, in Virgil, we find whole pages
devoted to the description of _Æneas_, while _Glacus_ and
_Thersilochus_, like the _Luttrels_, the _Palkes_, or the _Macnamaras_
of modern times, are honoured only with the transient distinction of a
simple mention. He proceeds to ridicule the superstition which exists
in this country, and, as he informs us, had also prevailed in one of
the most famous states of antiquity, that a navy could be any source
of security to a great empire, or that shipping could in any way be
considered as the _natural_ defence of an _island_.

  Th’ Athenian sages, once of old, ’tis said,
  Urg’d by their country’s love--by wisdom led,
  Besought the _Delphic_ oracle to show
  What best should save them from the neighb’ring foe
  --With holy fervor first the _priestess_ burn’d,
  Then fraught with presage, this reply return’d:
  “_Your city, men of Athens, ne’er will fall,
  If wisely guarded by a_ WOODEN WALL.”
  --Thus have our fathers indiscreetly thought,
  By ancient practice--ancient safety taught,
  That this, Great Britain, still should prove to thee
  Thy first, thy best, thy last security;
  That what in thee we find or great or good,
  Had ow’d its being to this WALL of WOOD.--
  Above such weakness see great _Lenox_ soar,
  This fence prescriptive guards us now no more
  Of such gross ignorance asham’d and sick,
  Richmond protects us with a _wall--of brick_;
  Contemns the prejudice of former time,
  And saves his countrymen by _lath_ and _lime_.

It is our intention to embarrass this part of the _Rolliad_ as little
as possible with any commentaries of our own. We cannot, however,
resist the temptation which the occasion suggests, of pronouncing
a particular panegyric upon the delicacy as well as dexterity of our
author, who, in speaking upon the subject of the Duke of _Richmond_,
that is, upon a man who knows no more of the history, writings,
or languages of antiquity than the _Marquis of Lansdown_ himself,
or great _Rollo_’s groom, has yet contrived to collect a great portion
of his illustrations from the sources of ancient literature. By this
admirable expedient, the immediate ignorance of the hero is inveloped
and concealed in the vast erudition of the author, and the unhappy
truth that his Grace never proceeded farther in his _Latinity_, than
through the neat and simple pages of _Corderius_, is so far thrown
into the back ground as to be hardly observable, and to constitute no
essential blemish to the general brilliancy of the _picture_.

The poet proceeds to speak of a tribunal which was instituted in the
_æra_ he is describing, for an investigation into the professional
merits of the noble Duke, and of which he himself was very properly
the head. The author mentions the individuals who composed this
inquisition, as men of _opulent, independent, disinterested_
characters, three only excepted, whom he regrets as apostates to the
general character of the arbitrators. He speaks, however--such is the
omnipotence of truth--even of them, with a sort of reluctant tendency
to panegyric. He says,

  Keen without show, with modest learning, sly,
  The subtle comment speaking in his eye;
  Of manners polish’d, yet of stubborn soul,
  Which Hope allures not--nor which fears control;
  See _Burgoyne_ rapt in all a soldier’s pride,
  Damn with a shrug, and with a look deride;
  While coarse _Macbride_ a busier task assumes,
  And tears with graceless rage our hero’s plumes;
  Blunts his rude science in the _chieftain_’s face,
  Nor deems--forgive him, _Pitt!_--a truth, disgrace:
  And _Percy_ too, of lineage justly vain,
  Surveys the system with a mild disdain.

He consoles the reader, however, for the pain given him by the
contemplation of such weakness and injustice, by hastening to
inform him of the better and wiser dispositions of the other members
of the tribunal;

  --But ah! not so the rest--unlike to these,
  They try each anxious blandishment to please;
  No skill uncivil e’er from them escapes,
  Their modest wisdom courts no dang’rous scrapes;
  But pure regard comes glowing from the heart,
  To take a friend’s--to take a master’s part;
  Nor let Suspicion with her sneers convey,
  That paltry Int’rest could with such bear sway.
  Can _Richmond_’s brother be attach’d to gold?
  Can _Luttrell_’s friendship, like a vote, be sold?
  O can such petty, such ignoble crimes,
  Stain the fair _æra_ of these golden times,
  When _Pitt_ to all perfection points the way,
  And pure _Dundas_ exemplifies his lay?
  When _Wilkes_ to loyalty makes bold pretence,
  _Arden_ to law, the _Cabinet_ to sense;
  When _Prettyman_ affects for truth a zeal,
  And _Macnamaras_ guard the common-weal;
  When _lawyers_ argue from the holy writ,
  And _Hill_ would vie with _Sheridan_ in wit;
  When _Camden_, first of Whigs, in struggles past,
  _Teiz’d_ and _tormented_ quits the cause at last;
  When _Thurlow_ strives commercial skill to show,
  And even _Sydney_ something seems to know;
  When honest _Jack_ declines in men to trade,
  And court majorities by truth are sway’d;
  When _Baker, Conway, Cavendish, or Byng_,
  No more an obloquy o’er senates fling;

But where could a period be put to the enumeration of the _uncommon_
appearances of the epoch in question?--The application of the term
_honest_, prefixed to the name of the person described in the last
line of the above passage but three, sufficiently circumscribes the
number of those particular _Jacks_ who were at this moment in the
contemplation of our author, and lets us with facility into the secret
that he could mean no other than the worthy Mr. _John Robinson_
himself.--The peculiar species of traffic that the poet represents
Mr. Robinson to have dealt in, is supposed to allude to a famous
occurrence of these times, when Mr. R. and another contractor agreed,
in a ministerial emergency, to furnish government with _five hundred
and fifty-eight_ ready, willing, obedient, well-trained men, at so
much per head per man, whom they engaged to be _perfectly fit for
any work the minister could put them to_. Tradition says, they failed
in their contract by somewhat about _two hundred_.--We have not heard
of what particular complexion the first order were of, but suppose
them to have been _blacks_.

We collect from history, that the noble Duke had been exposed to
much empty ridicule on account of his having been, as they termed it,
a judge in his own cause, by being the President of that Court,
whose exclusive jurisdiction it was to enquire into supposed official
errors imputed to himself. The author scouts the venom of those
impotent gibers, and with great triumph exclaims,

  If it be virtue but yourself to _know_,
  Yourself to _judge_, is sure a virtue too.

Nothing can be more obvious--all judgment depends upon knowledge;
and how can any other person be supposed to know a man so well as he
does himself? We hope soon to see this evidently equitable principle
of criminal jurisprudence fully established at the _Old Baily_; and we
are very much inclined to think, that if every _house-breaker, &c._
was in like manner permitted to judge himself, the susceptible heart
would not be altogether so often shocked with spectacles of human
massacre before the gates of Newgate, as, to the great disgrace of our
penal system, it now is.

Our author now proceeds to speak of a transaction which he seems
to touch upon with reluctance. It respects a young nobleman of these
times, of the name of _Rawdon_. It is very remarkable, that the last
couplet of this passage is printed with a scratch through the lines,
as if it had been the author’s intention to have erazed them. Whether
he thought the event alluded to in this distich was too disgraceful
for justification--or that the justification suggested was
incomplete--that the image contained in them was too familiar and
puerile for the general sublimity of his great poem, or whatever he
thought, we know not, but such is the fact. The passage is as
follows:--after relating the circumstance, he says

    Association forms the mind’s great chain,
    By plastic union many a thought we gain,
    (Thus _Raw_ suggested _Raw head_, and the _Don_,
    Haply reminded him of _Bloody bone)_.]

To the justice of the disgrace thrown upon the above couplet, we by
no means concede.--What it wants in poetical construction, it amply
makes up in the deep knowledge which it contains of the more latent
feelings of the human heart, and its philosophic detection of some of
the true sources of human action. We all know how long, and how
tenaciously, original prejudices stick by us. No man lives long enough
to get rid of his nursery. That the noble duke therefore might not
be free from the common influence of a very common sensation, no one
can reasonably wonder at, and the best proof that he was not so is,
that we defy any person to show us, upon what possible principle,
if not upon this, the conduct of the noble Duke, in the transaction
alluded to, is to be explained or defended. The Duke of Richmond--a
gentleman by a thousand pretensions--a soldier--a legislator--a
peer--in two countries a duke--in a third a prince--a man whose honour
is not a mere point of speculative courtesy, but is his
_oath_--impeaches the reputation of another individual of pure and
unblemished character; and with the same publicity that he had applied
the original imputation, this peer, prince, legislator, and soldier,
_eats_ every syllable he had said, and retracts every _item_ of his
charge. Is this to be credited without a resort to some principle of a
very paramount nature in the heart of man indeed? Is the original
depravity, in the first instance, of publicly attempting to sully the
fair honour of that interesting and sacred character, a youthful
soldier, or the meanness in the second, of an equally public and
unprecedentedly pusillanimous retraction of the whole of the calumny,
to be believed in so high a personage as the Duke of _Richmond_,
without a reference to a cause of a very peculiar kind, to an impulse
of more than ordinary potency? Evidently not.--And what is there, as
we have before observed, that adheres so closely, or controuls so
absolutely, as the legends of our boyish days, of the superstitions of
a nursery? For these reasons, therefore, we give our most decided
suffrage for the full re-establishment of the couplet to the fair
legitimate honours that are due to it.

The poet concludes his portrait of this illustrious person, with the
following lines--

  The triple honours that adorn his head,
  A three-fold influence o’er his virtue shed;
  As _Gallia_’s prince, behold him proud and vain;
  Thrifty and close as _Caledonia_’s thane;
  In _Richmond_’s duke, we trace our own JOHN BULL,
  Of schemes enamour’d--and of schemes--the GULL.

                    *     *     *     *     *


The author of the Rolliad has, in his last edition, introduced so
considerable an alteration, that we should hold ourselves inexcusable,
after the very favourable reception our commentaries have been
honoured with, in omitting to seize the earliest opportunity of
pointing it out to the public.

Finding the variety and importance of the characters he is called upon
to describe, likely to demand a greater portion both of time and words
than an expiring man can be reasonably supposed to afford, instead of
leaving the whole description of that illustrious assembly, of which
the dying drummer has already delineated some of the principal
ornaments, to the same character, he has made an addition to the
vision in which the House of Commons is represented, at the conclusion
of the Sixth Book, by contriving that the lantern of Merlin should be
shifted in such a manner, as to display at once to the eager eye of
Rollo, the whole interior of the Upper House; to gain a seat in which
the hero immediately expresses a laudable impatience, as well as a
just indignation, on beholding persons, far less worthy than himself,
among those whom the late very numerous creations prevent our

  ----_pauci--quos æquus amavit

With still less propriety, perhaps we should add--

  --_Aut ardens evexit ad æthera virtus._         VIRG.

The hero’s displeasure is thus forcibly described:

  Zounds! quoth great _Rollo_, with indignant frown,
  ’Mid British nobles shall a base-born clown,
  With air imperious ape a monarch’s nod,
  Less fit to sit there than my groom, by G-d[1]?

Longinus, in his chapter on interrogations, proves them to be a source
of the sublime. They are, indeed, says Dr. Young, the proper style of
majesty incensed. Where, therefore, can they be with more propriety
introduced, than from the mouth of our offended hero? Merlin, after
sympathizing with him in the justice of these feelings, proceeds to
a description of the august assembly they are viewing. The author’s
reverence for the religion of his country naturally disposes him first
to take notice of the spiritual lords of Parliament--

  Yon rev’rend prelates, rob’d in sleeves of lawn,
  Too meek to murmur, and too proud to fawn,
  Who still submissive to their Maker’s nod,
  Adore their sov’reign, and respect their God;
  And wait, good men! all worldly things forgot,
  In humble hope of Enoch’s happy lot.

We apprehend that the fourth line, by an error in the press, the words
“adore and respect,” must have been misplaced; but our veneration for
our author will not permit us to hazard even the slightest alteration
of the text. The happy ambiguity of the word “Maker,” is truly

We are sorry, however, to observe, that modern times afford some
instances of exceptions to the above description, as well as one
very distinguished one, indeed, to that which follows of the sixteen
Peers of Scotland:--

    Alike in loyalty, alike in worth,
    Behold the sixteen nobles of the north;
    Fast friends to monarchy, yet sprung from those
    Who basely sold their monarch to his foes;
    Since which, atoning for their father’s crime,
    The sons, as basely, sell themselves to him:
    With ev’ry change prepar’d to change their note,
    With ev’ry government prepar’d to vote,
    Save when, perhaps, on some important bill,
    They know, by second sight, the royal will;
    With royal _Denbigh_ hearing birds that sing,
    “Oppose the minister to please the king.”

These last lines allude to a well authenticated anecdote, which
deserves to be recorded as an instance of the interference of divine
Providence in favour of this country, when her immediate destruction
was threatened by the memorable India bill, so happily rejected by
the House of Lords in the year 1783.

The Earl of _Denbigh_, a Lord of his Majesty’s Bed-chamber, being
newly married, and solacing himself at his country-seat in the sweats
of matrimonial bliss, to his great astonishment heard, on a winter’s
evening, in the cold month of December, a nightingale singing in
the woods. Having listened with great attention to so extraordinary
a phœnomenon, it appeared to his Lordship that the bird distinctly
repeated the following significant words, in the same manner that
the bells of London admonished the celebrated Whittington,

  “Throw out the India bill;
  Such is your master’s will.”

His Lordship immediately communicated this singular circumstance
to the fair partner of his connubial joys, who, for the good of
her country, patriotically, though reluctantly, consented to forego
the newly tasted delights of wedlock, and permitted her beloved
bridegroom to set out for London, where his Lordship fortunately
arrived in time, to co-operate with the rest of his noble and
honourable brethren, the lords of the king’s bed-chamber, in defeating
that detestable measure; a measure calculated to effect the immediate
ruin of this country, by overthrowing the happy system of government
which has so long prevailed in our East-India territories.--After
having described the above-mentioned classes of nobility, he proceeds
to take notice of the admirable person who so worthily presides in
this august assembly:--

  The rugged _Thurlow_, who with sullen scowl,
  In surly mood, at friend and foe will growl;
  Of proud prerogative, the stern support,
  Defends the entrance of great _George_’s court
  ’Gainst factious Whigs, lest they who stole the seal,
  The sacred diadem itself should steal:
  So have I seen near village butcher’s stall
  (If things so great may be compar’d with small)
  A mastiff guarding, on a market day,
  With snarling vigilance, his master’s tray.

The fact of a desperate and degraded faction having actually broken
into the dwelling-house of the Lord High Chancellor, and carried off
the great seal of England, is of equal notoriety and authenticity
with that of their having treacherously attempted, when in power,
to transfer the crown of Great-Britain from the head of our most
gracious sovereign to that of their ambitious leader, so justly
denominated the Cromwell of modern times.

While our author is dwelling on events which every Englishman must
recollect with heart-felt satisfaction, he is naturally reminded of
that excellent nobleman, whose character he has, in the mouth of
the dying drummer, given more at large, and who bore so meritorious
a share in that happy revolution which restored to the sovereign of
these kingdoms the right of nominating his own servants; a right
exercised by every private gentleman in the choice of his butler,
cook, coachman, footman, &c. but which a powerful and wicked
aristocratic combination endeavoured to circumscribe in the monarch,
with respect to the appointment of ministers of state. Upon this
occasion he compares the noble Marquis to the pious hero of the Æneid,
and recollects the description of his conduct during the conflagration
of Troy; an alarming moment, not unaptly likened to that of the
Duke of Portland’s administration, when his Majesty, like king Priam,
had the misfortune of seeing

  ----_Medium in penctralibus hostem._                 VIRG.

The learned reader will bear in mind the description of Æneas:--

  _Limen ærat, cæcoque fores, &c._                   VIRG.

  When _Troy_ was burning, and the’ insulting foe
  Had well-nigh laid her lofty bulwarks low,
  The good Æneas, to avert her fate,
  Sought _Priam_’s palace through a _postern_ gate:
  Thus when the Whigs, a bold and factious band,
  Had snatch’d the sceptre from their sovereign’s hand,
  Up the _back-stairs_ the virtuous _Grenville_ sneaks,
  To rid the closet of those worse than _Greeks_,
  Whose impious tongues audaciously maintain,
  That for their subjects, kings were born to reign.

The abominable doctrines of the republican party are here held forth
in their genuine colours, to the detestation of all true lovers of
our happy constitution. The magician then thinks fit to endeavour to
pacify the hero’s indignation, which we before took notice of,
on seeing persons less worthy than himself preferred to the dignity
of peerage, by the mention of two of those newly created, whose
promotion equally reflects the highest honour upon government.

  _Lonsdale_ and _Camelford_ thrice honour’d names!
  Whose god-like bosoms glow with patriot flames:
  To serve his country, at her utmost need,
  By this, behold a ship of war decreed;
  While that, impell’d by all a convert’s zeal,
  Devotes his borough to the public weal.
  But still the wise their second thoughts prefer,
  Thus both our patriots on these gifts demur;
  Ere yet she’s launch’d the vessel runs aground,
  And _Sarum_ sells for twice three thousand pound.

The generous offers of those public-spirited noblemen, the one during
the administration of the Marquis of Landsdown, proposing to build
a seventy-four-gun ship, for the public service; the other on
Mr. Pitt’s motion for a parliamentary reform, against which he had
before not only voted, but written a pamphlet, declaring his readiness
to make a present of his burgage tenure borough of Old Sarum to the
bank of England, are too fresh in the recollection of their grateful
countrymen to need being here recorded. With respect, however, to the
subsequent sale of the borough for the “twice three thousand pounds,”
our author does not himself seem perfectly clear, since we afterwards
meet with these lines:

  Say, what gave _Camelford_ his wish’d-for rank?
  Did he devote _Old Sarum_ to the Bank?
  Or did he not, that envied rank to gain,
  Transfer the victim to the Treas’ry’s fame?

His character of the Earl of Lonsdale is too long to be here inserted,
but is perhaps one of the most finished parts of the whole poem:
we cannot, however, refrain from transcribing the four following
lines, on account of the peculiar happiness of their expression. The
reader will not forget the declaration of this great man, that he was
in possession of the land, the fire, and the water, of the town
of Whitehaven.

  E’en by the elements his pow’r confess’d,
  Of mines and boroughs _Lonsdale_ stands possess’d;
  And one sad servitude alike denotes
  The slave that labours, and the slave that votes.

Our paper now reminds us that it is time to close our observations
for the present, which we shall do with four lines added by our author
to the former part of the sixth book, in compliment to his favourite,
the Marquis of Graham, on his late happy marriage.

  With joy _Britannia_ sees her fav’rite goose
  Fast bound and _pinion’d_ in the nuptial noose;
  Presaging fondly from so fair a mate,
  A brood of goslings, cackling in debate.

[1] See Mr. Rolle’s speech in the parliamentary debates.

                    *     *     *     *     *


Our _dying drummer_, in consequence of his extraordinary exertions in
delineating those exalted personages, the MARQUIS OF BUCKINGHAM and
DUKE OF RICHMOND; exertions which we think we may venture to pronounce
unparalleled by any one, drummer, or other, similarly circumstanced;
unfortunately found himself so debilitated, that we were very fearful,
like Balaam’s ass, LORD VALLETORT, or any other equally strange
animal, occasionally endowed with speech, his task being executed,
that his mouth would for ever after remain incapable of utterance.

But though his powers might be suspended, fortunately the

  ----in æternam clauduntur lumina noctem,

has, in consequence of the timely relaxation afforded to the wounded
gentleman during the whole of our last number, been for the present
avoided; and, like Mr. PITT’s question of parliamentary reform,
adjourned to a more _expedient moment_.

To our drummer we might say, as well as to our matchless premier,

  Larga quidem DRANCE, semper tibi copia fandi,

which, though, some malevolent critics might profligately translate

  “There is no end to thy prosing,”

those who have read our drummer’s last dying words, or heard our
minister’s new made speeches, will admit to be in both instances
equally inapplicable.

The natural powers of our author here again burst forth with such
renovated energy, that, like the swan, his music seems to increase
as his veins become drained.

Alluding to an event too recent to require elucidation, after
describing the virtues of the most amiable personage in the kingdom,
and more particularly applauding her charity, which he says is so
unbounded, that it

  ------Surmounts dull Nature’s ties,
  Nor even to WINCHELSEA a smile denies.

He proceeds

  And thou too, LENOX! worthy of thy name!
  Thou heir to RICHMOND, and to RICHMOND’s fame!
  On equal terms, when BRUNSWICK deign’d to grace
  The spurious offspring of the STUART race;
  When thy rash arm design’d her favorite dead,
  The christian triumph’d, and the mother fled:
  No rage indignant shook her pious frame,
  No partial doating swayed the saint-like dame;
  But spurn’d and scorn’d where Honor’s sons resort,
  Her friendship sooth’d thee, in thy monarch’s court.

How much does this meek resignation, in respect to COLONEL LENOX,
appear superior to the pagan rage of MEZENTIUS towards ÆNEAS,
on somewhat of a similar occasion, when, instead of desiring him
to dance a minuet at the Etrurian court, he savagely, and of malice
prepense, hurls his spear at the foe of his son, madly exclaiming

  --Jam venio moriturus et hæc tibi porto
  Dona prius.

But our author excels Virgil, as much as the amiable qualities of
the great personage described, exceed those of MEZENTIUS: that august
character instead of dying, did not so much as faint; and so far
from hurling a spear at Mr. LENOX, she did not cast at him even
an angry glance.

  The christian triumph’d, &c.

We are happy in noticing this line, and indeed the whole of the
passage, on another account, as it establishes the orthodoxy of the
drummer upon so firm a basis, that DR. HORSLEY himself could scarcely
object to his obtaining a seat in parliament.

There is something so extremely ingenious in the following lines,
and they account too on such rational grounds for a partiality that
has puzzled so many able heads, that we cannot forbear transcribing

Apostrophizing the exalted personage before alluded to, he says,

  Early you read, nor did the advice deride,
  Suspicion ne’er should taint a CÆSAR’s bride;
  And who in spotless purity so fit
  To guard an honest wife’s good fame, as PITT.

The beautiful compliment here introduced to the chastity of our
immaculate premier, from the pen of such an author, must give him
the most supreme satisfaction. And

  O decus Italiæ virgo!!!

Long mayst thou continue to deserve it!!!

From treating of the minister’s virgin innocence, our author, by a
very unaccountable transition, proceeds to a family man, namely,
of Great Britain; in a word, to the most illustrious JAMES CECIL
EARL OF SALISBURY, and lord chamberlain to his majesty, whom,
in a kind of episode he thus addresses,

  Oh! had the gods but kindly will’d it so
  That thou had’st lived two hundred years ago:
  Had’st thou then rul’d the stage, from sportive scorn
  Thy prudent care had guarded peers unborn.
  No simple chamberlains had libell’d been,
  No OSTRICKS fool’d in SHAKESPEARE’s saucy scene.

But then wisely recollecting this not to be altogether the most
friendly of wishes, in as much, that, if his lordship had been
chamberlain to QUEEN ELIZABETH, he could not, in the common course
of events, have been, as his honour SIR RICHARD PEPPER ARDEN most
sweetly sings in his PROBATIONARY ODE,

  “The tallest, fittest man to go before the king,”

In the days of GEORGE THE THIRD; by which we should most probably
not only have been deprived of the attic entertainments of SIGNORS
DELPINI and CARNEVALE, but perhaps too have lost some of our best
dramatic writers; such as GREATHEAD, HAYLEY, DR. STRATFORD, and
TOMMY VAUGHAN: our author, with a sudden kind of repentance, says,

  But hence fond thoughts, nor be by passion hurried!
  Had he then lived, he now were dead and buried.
  Not now should theatres his orders own;
  Not now in alehouse signs his face be shewn.

If we might be so presumptuous as to impute a fault to our author,
we should say that he is rather too fond of what the French style
_equivoque_.--This partiality of his breaks forth in a variety of
places; such as SIR JOSEPH MAWBEY being

  ------a knowing man in _grain_,
  ------MARTIN’s _sterling_ sense, &c. &c.

In the present instance too, where, supposing the noble Marquis
to have lived two hundred years ago, he says,

    “Not now should theatres his _orders_ own.”

He leaves us completely in the dark, whether by the word _orders_,
we are to understand his lordship’s commands as _theatrical
anatomist_, or the _recommendations_, which he is pleased to make to
the managers of our public amusements, to admit his dependants and
servants gratuitously; and which recommendations in the vulgar tongue
of the theatres are technically styled _orders_. If we might hazard
an opinion, from the known condescension of his lordship, and his
attention to the accommodation of his inferiors, we should be inclined
to construe it in the latter sense; an attention, indeed, which,
in the case in question, is said to be so unbounded, that he might
exclaim with ÆNEAS

  Nemo ex hoc numero mihi non donatus abibit.

Should any caviler here object, that for every five shillings thus
generously bestowed on the dependant, a proportionate _vacuum_ is
made in the pocket of the manager, let him recollect, that it is
a first and immutable principle of civil policy, that _the convenience
of the few must yield to the accommodation of the many_; and, that
the noble Marquis, as a peer and legislator of Great Britain,
is too closely attached to our excellent constitution to swerve
from so old and established a maxim.

With respect to the last line of the couplet,

  “Not now in alehouse signs his face be shewn,”

we must confess that our author’s imagination has here been rather
too prurient.--His lordship’s head does not, as far as we can learn,
upon the most minute enquiry, _at present_, grace any alehouse
whatever--It was indeed for some little time displayed at HATFIELD in
HERTS; but the words “_Good entertainment within_,” being written
under it, they were deemed by travellers so extremely unapposite, that
to avoid further expence, LORD SALISBURY’s head was taken down, and
“_The old bald face Stag_” resumed its pristine station.

Yet, enraptured with his first idea, our author soon forgets his late
reflection, and proceeds on the supposition of the noble lord having
exercised his pruning knife upon SHAKESPEARE and JOHNSON, and the
advantages which would have been derived from it, some of which he
thus beautifully describes:

  To plays should RICHMOND then undaunted come,
  Secured from listening to PAROLLES’s drum:
  Nor shouldst thou, CAMELFORD, the fool reprove,
  Who lost a world to gain a wanton’s love.
  “Give me a horse,” CATHCART should ne’er annoy:
  Nor thou, oh! PITT, behold the angry boy.

The last line but one of these,

  Give me a horse, &c.

seems to allude to a circumstance that occurred in America, where his
lordship being on foot, and having to march nearly five miles over
a sandy plain in the heat of summer, fortunately discovered, tied to
the door of a house, a horse belonging to an officer of cavalry.
His lordship thinking that riding was pleasanter than walking,
and probably also imagining that the owner might be better engaged,
judged it expedient to avail himself of this steed, which thus so
fortunately presented itself, and accordingly borrowed it. The
subsequent apology, however, which he made when the proprietor, rather
out of humour at his unlooked-for pedestrian expedition, came up to
reclaim his lost goods, was so extremely ample, that the most rigid
asserter of the old fusty doctrines of _meum_ and _tuum_ cannot deny
that the dismounted cavalier had full compensation for any
inconvenience that he might have experienced. And we must add, that
every delicacy of the noble lord on this subject ought now to

We shall conclude with an extract from some complimentary verses by
a noble secretary, who is himself both an AMATEUR and ARTISTE.--Were
any thing wanting to our author’s fame, this elegant testimony in his
favour must be decisive with every reader of taste.

  Oh! mighty ROLLE, may long thy fame be known!
  And long thy virtues in his verse be shewn!
  When THURLOW’s christian meekness, SYDNEY’s sense,
  When RICHMOND’s valour, HOPETOWN’s eloquence,
  When HAWKESB’RY’s patriotism neglected lie
  Intomb’d with CHESTERFIELD’s humanity,
  When PRETTYMEN, sage guardian of PITT’s youth,
  Shall lose each claim to honesty and truth,
  When each pure blush DUNDAS’s cheek can boast,
  With ARDEN’s law and nose alike are lost,
  When grateful ROBINSON shall be forgot,
  And not a line be read of MAJOR SCOTT,
  When PHIPPS no more shall listening crouds engage,
  And HAMLET’s jests be rased from memory’s page,
  When PITT each patriot’s joy no more shall prove,
  Nor from fond beauty catch the sigh of love,
  When even thy sufferings, virtuous chief! shall fade,
  And BASSET’s horsewhip but appear a shade,
  Thy sacred spirit shall effulgence shed
  And raise to kindred fame the mighty dead:
  Long ages shall admire thy matchless soul,
  And children’s children lisp the praise of ROLLE.

                    *     *     *     *     *


It now only remains for us to perform the last melancholy office
to the dying drummer, and to do what little justice we can to the
very ingenious and striking manner in which our author closes at once
his prophecy and his life.

It is a trite observation, that the curious seldom hear any good
of themselves; and all epic poets, who have sent their heroes to
conjurors, have, with excellent morality, taught us, that they who
pry into futurity, too often anticipate affliction.--VIRGIL plainly
intimates this lesson in the caution which he puts into the mouth
of ANCHISES, when ÆNEAS enquires into the future destiny of the
younger MARCELLUS, whose premature death forms the pathetic subject
of the concluding vision in the sixth book of the ÆNEID:

  “O nate, ingentum lectum ne quære tuorum.”

  “Seek not to know (the ghost replied with tears)
  The sorrows of thy sons in future years.”

Then, instead of declining any further answer, he very unnecessarily
proceeds to make his son as miserable as he can, by detailing all
the circumstances best calculated to create the most tender
interest.--The revelation of disagreeable events to come, is by our
poet more naturally put into the mouth of an enemy.--After running over
many more noble names than the records of the herald’s office afford
us any assistance in tracing, the second sighted Saxon, in the midst
of his dying convulsions, suddenly bursts into a violent explosion
of laughter.--This, of course, excites the curiosity of ROLLO, as it
probably will that of our readers; upon which the drummer insults
his conqueror with rather a long but very lively recital of all
the numerous disappointments and mortifications with which he foresees
that the destinies will affect the virtues of ROLLO’s great
descendant, the present illustrious member for Devonshire. He mentions
Mr. ROLLE’s many unsuccessful attempts to obtain the honour of the
peerage; alludes to some of the little splenetive escapes into which
even his elevated magnanimity is well known to have been for a moment
betrayed on those trying occasions. We now see all the drift and
artifice of the poet, and why he thought the occasion worthy of making
the drummer so preternaturally long winded, in displaying at full all
the glories of the house of peers; it was to heighten by contrast the
chagrin of ROLLO at finding the doors of this august assembly for ever
barred against his posterity.

To understand the introductory lines of the following passage, it is
necessary to inform our readers, if they are not already acquainted
with the fact, that somewhere in the back settlements of America,
there is now actually existing an illegitimate batch of little

  Though wide should spread thy spurious race around,
  In other worlds, which must not yet be found,
  While they with savages in forests roam
  Deserted, far from their paternal home;
  A mightier savage in thy wilds EX-MOOR,
  Their well-born brother shall his fate deplore,
  By friends neglected, as by foes abhorr’d,
  No duke, no marquis, not a simple lord.
  Tho’ thick as MARGARET’s knights with each address,
  New peers, on peers, in crouds each other press,
  He only finds, of all the friends of PITT,
  His luckless head no coronet will fit.

But what our author seems more particularly to have laboured, is a
passage which he has lately inserted: it relates to the cruel slight
which was shewn to Mr. ROLLE during the late royal progress through
the west.--Who is there that remembers the awful period when the
regency was in suspence, but must at the same time remember the
patriotic, decent, and consistent conduct of Mr. ROLLE? How laudably,
in his parliamentary speeches, did he co-operate to the best of his
power, with the popular pamphlets of the worthy Dr. WITHERS! How nobly
did he display his steady loyalty to the father, while he endeavoured
to shake the future right of the son to the throne of his ancestors!
How brightly did he manifest his attachment to the person of his
MAJESTY, by voting to seclude him in the hour of sickness from the
too distressing presence of his royal brothers and his children; and,
after all, when he could no longer resist the title of the heir
apparent, with what unembarrassed grace did he agree to the address of
his constituents, complimenting the prince on his accession to that
high charge, _to which his_ SITUATION and VIRTUES _so eminently_
ENTITLED _him:_ yet, even then, with how peculiar a dexterity did Mr.
ROLLE mingle what some would have thought an affront, with his
praises, directly informing his ROYAL HIGHNESS that he had no
confidence whatever in any virtues but those of the minister. But,
alas, how uncertain is the reward of all sublunary merit! Those good
judges who inquired into the literary labours of the pious and
charitable Dr. WITHERS, did not exalt him to that conspicuous post,
which he so justly deserved, and would so well have graced; neither
did one ray of royal favour cheer the loyalty of Mr. ROLLE during
his majesty’s visit to DEVONSHIRE; though with an unexampled
liberality, the worthy member had contracted for the fragments of Lord
MOUNT EDGECUMBE’s desert, and the ruins of his triumphal arches; had
brought down several of the minister’s young friends to personate
virgins in white, sing, and strew flowers along the way; and had
actually dispatched a chaise and four to Exeter, for his old friend
and instructor, _mynheer_ HOPPINGEN VAN CAPERHAGEN, dancing-master and
poet; who had promised to prepare both the _balets_ and _ballads_ for
this glorious festivity. And for whom was Mr. ROLLE neglected? For his
colleague, Mr. BASTARD; a gentleman who, in his political
oscillations, has of late vibrated much more frequently to the
opposition than to the treasury bench. This most unaccountable
preference we are certain must be matter of deep regret to all our
readers of sensibility;--to the drummer it is matter of exultation.

  In vain with such bold spirit shall he speak,
  That furious WITHERS shall to him seem meek;
  In vain for party urge his country’s fate;
  To save the church, in vain distract the state;
  In loyal duty to the father shewn,
  Doubt the son’s title to his future throne;
  And from the suffering monarch’s couch remove
  All care fraternal, and all filial love:
  Then when mankind in choral praise unite,
  Though blind before, see virtues beaming bright;
  Yet feigning to confide, distrust evince,
  And while he flatters, dare insult his PRINCE.
  Vain claims!--when now, the people’s sins transferred
  On their own heads, mad riot is the word;
  When through the west in gracious progress goes
  The monarch, happy victor of his woes;
  While Royal smiles gild every cottage wall,
  _Hope never comes to_ ROLLE, _that comes to all_;
  And more with envy to disturb his breast,
  BASTARD’s glad roof receives the Royal guest.

Here the drummer, exhausted with this last wonderful exertion,
begins to find his pangs increase fast upon him; and what follows,
for two and thirty lines, is all interrupted with different
interjections of laughter and pain, till the last line, which consists
entirely of such interjections.--Our readers may probably recollect
the well-known line of THOMPSON.


Which, by the way, is but a poor plagiarism from SHAKESPEARE:


There is certainly in this line a very pretty change rung in the
different ways of arranging the name and the interjection; but perhaps
there may be greater merit, though of another kind, in the sudden
change of passions which OTWAY has expressed in the dying interjection

  “We have deceiv’d the senate--ha! ha! oh!”

These modern instances, however, fall very short of the admirable
use made of interjections by the ancients, especially the GREEKS,
who did not scruple to put together whole lines of them.--Thus in
the PHILOCTETES of SOPHOCLES, besides a great number of hemistics,
we find a verse and a half:

  Παπα, παπα, παπα, παπα, παπα παπαι.”

The harsh and intractable genius of our language will not permit us
to give any adequate idea of the soft, sweet, and innocent sound
of the original.--It may, however, be faithfully, though coarsely,

  Alack! alack! alack! alack! alack! alas!”

At the same time, we have -our doubts whether some chastised tastes
may not prefer the simplicity of ARISTOPHANES; though it must not
be concealed, that there are critics who think he meant a wicked
stroke of ridicule at the PHILOCTETES of SOPHOCLES, when, in his
own PLUTUS, he makes his sycophant, at the smell of roast meat,

  “Υυ, υυ, υυ, υυ, υυ, υυ!”

Which we shall render by an excellent interjection, first coined
from the rich mint of MAJOR JOHN SCOTT, in his incomparable Ode--

  “Sniff, sniff, sniff, sniff, sniff, sniff, sniff, sniff, sniff,
         sniff, sniff.”

But whatever may be the comparative merits of these passages, ancient
and modern, we are confident no future critic will dispute but that
they are all excelled by the following exquisite couplet of our

  Ha! ha!--this soothes me in severest woe;
  Ho! ho!--ah! ah!--oh! oh!--ha! ah!--ho!--oh!!!

We have now seen the drummer quietly inurn’d, and sung our requiem
over his grave: we hope, however, that

  ----He, dead corse, may yet, in complete calf,
  Revisit oft the glimpses of the candle,
  Making night chearful.

We had flattered ourselves with the hope of concluding the criticisms
on the ROLLIAD with an ode of Mr. ROLLE himself, written in the
original EX-MOOR dialect; but we have hitherto, owing to the eagerness
with which that gentleman’s literary labours are sought after,
unfortunately been unable to procure a copy. The learned Mr. DAINES
BARRINGTON having, however, kindly hinted to us, that he thought
he had once heard Sir JOHN HAWKINS say, that he believed there was
something applicable to a drum in the possession of Mr. STEVENS,
the erudite annotator on SHAKESPEARE, Sir JOSEPH BANKS kindly wrote
to that gentleman; who, upon searching into his manuscripts at
Hampstead, found the following epitaph, which is clearly designed
for our drummer. Mr. STEVENS was so good as to accompany his kind
and invaluable communication with a dissertation to prove that this
FRANCIS of GLASTONBURY, from similarity of style and orthography,
must have been the author of the epitaph which declares that
celebrated outlaw, ROBIN HOOD, to have been a British peer. Mr. PEGGE
too informs us, that the HARLEIAN MISCELLANY will be found to confirm
this idea; and at the same time suggests, whether, as that dignified
character, Mr. WARREN HASTINGS, has declared himself to be descended
from an Earl of HUNTINGDON, and the late Earl and his family have,
through some unaccountable fantasy, as constantly declined the honour
of the affinity, this apparent difference of opinion may not be
accounted for by supposing him to be descended from _that_ Earl?--But,
if we are to imagine any descendants of that exalted character to be
still in existence, with great deference to Mr. PEGGE’s better
judgment, might not Sir ALEXANDER HOOD, and his noble brother, from
similarity of name, appear more likely to be descendants of this
celebrated archer? and from him also inherit that skill which the
gallant admiral, on a never to be forgotten occasion, so eminently
displayed in drawing a _long bow?_ We can only now lament, that we
have not room for any minute enquiry into these various hypotheses,
and that we are under the necessity of proceeding to the drummer’s
epitaph, and the conclusion of our criticisms.

    “A stalwart Saxon here doth lie,
    Japeth nat, men of Normandie;
    Rollo nought scoft his dyand wordes
    Of poynt mo perrand than a swordis.
    And leal folk of Englelonde
    Shall haven hem yvir mo in honde.
    Bot syn that in his life I trowe,
    Of shepes skynnes he had ynowe,
    For yvir he drommed thereupon:
    Now he, pardie, is dede and gone,
    May no man chese a shepis skynne
    To wrappe his dyand wordes inne.”
             Od. Frauncis of Glastonbury.]




In this Eclogue our Author has imitated the Second of his favourite
Virgil, with more than his usual Precision. The Subject of Mr. ROSE’s
COMPLAINT is, that he is left to do the whole Business of the Treasury
during the broiling Heats of Summer, while his Colleague, Mr. STEELE,
enjoys the cool Breezes from the Sea, with Mr. PITT, at
Brighthelmstone. In this the Scholar has improved on the Original of
his great Master, as the Cause of the Distress which he relates is
much more natural. This Eclogue, from some internal Evidence, we
believe to have been written in the Summer of 1785, though there may
be one or two Allusions that have been inserted at a later Period.

  None more than ROSE, amid the courtly ring,
  Lov’d BILLY, joy of JENKY and the KING.
  But vain his hope to shine in BILLY’s eyes;
  Vain all his votes, his speeches, and his lies.
  STEELE’s happier claims the boy’s regard engage;           5
  Alike their studies, nor unlike their age:
  With STEELE, companion of his vacant hours,
  Oft would he seek Brighthelmstone’s sea-girt tow’rs;
  For STEELE, relinquish Beauty’s trifling talk,
  With STEELE each morning ride, each evening walk;         10
  Or in full tea-cups drowning cares of state,
  On gentler topics urge the mock debate;
  On coffee now the previous question move;
  Now rise a surplusage of cream to prove;
  Pass muffins in Committees of Supply,                     15
  And “butter’d toast” amend by adding “dry:”
  Then gravely sage, as in St. Stephen’s scenes,
  With grief more true, propose the Ways and Means;
  Or wanting these, unanimous of will,
  They negative the leave to bring a bill.                  20
    In one sad joy all ROSE’s comfort lay;
  Pensive he sought the treasury day by day;
  There, in his inmost chamber lock’d alone,
  To boxes red and green he pour’d his moan
  In rhymes uncouth; for Rose, to business bred             25
  A purser’s clerk, in rhyme was little read;
  Nor, since his learning with his fortunes grew,
  Had such vain arts engaged his sober view;
  For STOCKDALE’s shelves contented to compose
  The humbler poetry of lying prose.                        30
    O barb’rous BILLY! (thus would he begin)
  ROSE and his lies you value not a pin;
  Yet to compassion callous as a Turk,
  You kill me, cruel, with eternal work.
  Now, after six long months of nothing done,               35
  Each to his home, our youthful statesmen run;
  The mongrel ’squires, whose votes our Treasury pays,
  Now, with their hunters, till the winter graze;
  Now e’en the reptiles of the Blue and Buff,
  In rural leisure, scrawl their factious stuff;            40
  Already pious HILL, with timely cares,
  New songs, new hymns, for harvest-home prepares:
  But with the love-lorne beauties, whom I mark
  Thin and more thin, parading in the park,
  I yet remain; and ply my busy feet                        45
  From _Duke-street_ hither, hence to _Downing-street_,
  In vain!--while far from this deserted scene,
  With happier STEELE you saunter on the Steine.
    And for a paltry salary, stript of fees,
  Thus shall I toil, while others live at ease?             50
  Better, another summer long, obey
  Self-weening LANSDOWNE’s transitory sway:
  Tho’ GRAFTON call’d him proud, I found him kind;
  With me he puzzled, and with him I din’d.
  Better with FOX in opposition share,                      55
  Black tho’ he be, and tho’ my BILLY fair.
  Think, BILLY, think JOHN BULL a tasteless brute,
  By black, or fair, decides not the dispute:
  Ah! think, how politics resemble chess;
  Tho’ now the white exult in short success,                60
  One erring move a sad reverse may bring,
  The black may triumph, and check-mate our king.
    You slight me, BILLY; and but little heed,
  What talents I possess, what merits plead;
  How in white lies abounds my fertile brain;               65
  And with what forgeries I those lies sustain.
  A thousand fictions wander in my mind;
  With me all seasons ready forgeries find.
  I know the charm by ROBINSON employed,
  How to the Treas’ry JACK his rats decoy’d.                70
  Not wit, but malice, PRETTYMAN reveals,
  When to my head he argues from my heels.
  My skull is not so thick; but last recess
  I finish’d a whole pamphlet for the press;
  And if by some seditious scribbler maul’d,                75
  The pen of CHALMERS to my aid I call’d,
  With PRETTY would I write, tho’ judg’d by you;
  If all that authors think themselves be true.
    O! to the smoky town would BILLY come;
  With me draw estimates, or cast a sum;                    80
  Pore on the papers which these trunks contain,
  Then with red tape in bundles tie again;
  Chaste tho’ he be, if BILLY cannot sing,
  Yet should he play to captivate the KING.
    Beneath two Monarchs of the Brunswick line,             85
  In wealth to flourish, and in arms to shine,
  Was Britain’s boast; ’till GEORGE THE THIRD arose,
  In arts to gain his triumphs o’er our foes.
  From RAMSAY’s pallet, and from WHITEHEAD’s lyre,
  He sought renown that ages may admire:                    90
  And RAMSAY gone, the honours of a name
  To REYNOLDS gives, but trusts to WEST for fame:
  For he alone, with subtler judgment blest,
  Shall teach the world how REYNOLDS yields to WEST.
  He too, by merit measuring the meed,                      95
  Bids WARTON now to WHITEHEAD’s bays succeed;
  But, to reward FAUQUIER’s illustrious toils,
  Reserves the richer half of WHITEHEAD’s spoils.
  For well the monarch saw with prescient eye,
  That WARTON’s wants kind OXFORD would supply,            100
  Who, justly liberal to the task uncouth,
  Learns from St. JAMES’s hard historic truth.
    Blest OXFORD! in whose bowers the Laureat sings!
  O faithful to the worst, and best of Kings,
  Firm to the Right Divine of regal sway,                  105
  Though Heav’n and Thou long differ’d where it lay!
  Still of preferment be thy Sister Queen!
  Thy nobler zeal disdains a thought so mean;
  Still in thy German Cousin’s martial school,
  Be each young hope of BRITAIN train’d to rule;           110
  But thine are honours of distinguishd grace,
  Thou once a year shall view thy sovereign’s face,
  While round him croud thy loyal sons, amaz’d,
  To see him stare at tow’rs, by WYATT rais’d.
  Yet fear not, OXFORD, lest a monarch’s smiles            115
  Lure fickle WYATT from the unfinish’d piles;
  To thee shall WYATT still be left in peace,
  ’Till ENGLISH ATHENS rival ancient Greece.
  For him see CHAMBERS, greatly pretty, draw
  Far other plans than ever Grecian saw;                   120
  Where two trim dove-cotes rise on either hand,
  O’er the proud roofs, whose front adorns the Strand;
  While thro’ three gateways, like three key-holes spied,
  A bowl inverted crowns the distant side.
    But music most great GEORGE’s cares relieves,          125
  Sage arbiter of minims, and of breves!
  Yet not by him is living genius fed,
  With taste more frugal he protects the dead;
  Not all alike; for, though a Briton born,
  He laughs all natal prejudice to scorn;                  130
  His nicer ear our barbarous masters pain,
  Though PURCELL, our own Orpheus, swell the strain;
  And mighty HANDEL, a gigantic name,
  Owes to his country half his tuneful fame.
    Nor of our souls neglectful, GEORGE provides,          135
  To lead his flocks, his own Right Reverend guides;
  Himself makes bishops, and himself promotes,
  Nor seeks to influence, tho’ he gives, their votes.
    Then for a Prince so pious, so refin’d,
  An air of HANDEL, or a psalm to grind,                   140
  Disdain not, BILLY: for his sovereign’s sake
  What pains did PAGET with his gamut take!
  And to an Earl what rais’d the simple Peer?
  What but that gamut, to his Sovereign dear?
  O come, my BILLY, I have bought for you                  145
  The barrel-organ of a strolling Jew;
  Dying, he sold it me at second-hand:
  Sev’n stops it boasts, with barrels at command.
  How at my prize did envious UXBRIDGE fume,
  Just what he wish’d for his new music-room.              150
    Come, BILLY, come. Two wantons late I dodg’d,
  And mark’d the dangerous alley where they lodg’d.
  Fair as pearl-powder are their opening charms,
  In tender beauty; fit for BILLY’s arms;
  And from the toilet blooming as they seem,               155
  Two cows would scarce supply them with cold cream.
  The house, the name to BILLY will I show,
  Long has DUNDAS the secret wish’d to know,
  And he shall know: since services like these
  Have little pow’r our virtuous youth to please.          160
    Come, BILLY, come. For you each rising day
  My maids, tho’ tax’d, shall twine a huge bouquet:
  That you, next winter, at the birth-night ball
  In loyal splendor may out-dazzle all;
  Dear Mrs. ROSE her needle shall employ,                  165
  To ’broider a fine waistcoat for my boy;
  In gay design shall blend with skilful toil,
  Gold, silver, spangles, crystals, beads, and foil,
  ’Till the rich work in bright confusion show
  Flow’rs of all hues--and many more than blow.            170
    I too, for something to present--some book
  Which BILLY wants, and I can spare--will look:
  EDEN’s five letters, with an half-bound set
  Of pamphlet schemes to pay the public debt;
  And pasted there, too thin to bind alone,                175
  My SHELBURNE’s speech so gracious from the throne.
  COCKER’s arithmetic my gift shall swell;
  By JOHNSON how esteem’d, let BOSWELL tell.
  Take too these Treaties by DEBRETT; and here
  Take to explain them, SALMON’s Gazetteer.                180
  And you, Committee labours of DUNDAS,
  And you, his late dispatches to Madras,
  Bound up with BILLY’s fav’rite act I’ll send;
  Together bound--for sweetly thus you blend.
    ROSE, you’re a blockhead! Let no factious scribe       185
  Hear such a thought, that BILLY heeds a bribe:
  Or grant th’ Immaculate, not proof to pelf,
  Has STEELE a soul less liberal than yourself?
  --Zounds! what a blunder! worse than when I made
  A FRENCH arrêt, the guard of BRITISH trade.              190
  Ah! foolish boy, whom fly you?--Once a week
  The KING from Windsor deigns these scenes to seek.
  Young GALLOWAY too is here, in waiting still.
  Our coasts let RICHMOND visit, if he will;
  There let him build, and garrison his forts,             195
  If such his whim:--Be our delight in courts.
  What various tastes divide the fickle town!
  One likes the fair, and one admires the brown;
  The stately, QUEENSB’RY; HINCHINBROOK, the small;
  THURLOW loves servant-maids; DUNDAS loves all.           200
  O’er MORNINGTON French prattle holds command;
  HASTINGS buys German phlegm at second-hand;
  The dancer’s agile limbs win DORSET’s choice;
  Whilst BRUDENELL dies enamour’d of a voice:
  ’Tis PEMBROKE’s dearest pleasure to elope,               205
  And BILLY, best of all things, loves--a trope;
  My BILLY I: to each his taste allow:
  Well said the dame, I ween, who kiss’d her cow.
    Lo! in the West the sun’s broad orb disp lay’d
  O’er the Queen’s palace, lengthens every shade:          210
  See the last loiterers now the Mall resign;
  E’en Poets go, that they may seem to dine:
  Yet, fasting, here I linger to complain.
  Ah! ROSE, GEORGE ROSE! what phrenzy fires your brain!
  With pointless paragraphs the POST runs wild;            215
  And FOX, a whole week long, is unrevil’d:
  Our vouchers lie half-vamp’d, and without end
  Tax-bills on tax-bills rise to mend and mend.
  These, or what more we need, some new deceit
  Prepare to gull the Commons, when they meet.             220
  Tho’ scorn’d by BILLY, you ere long may find
  Some other Minister, like LANSDOWNE kind.
    He ceas’d, went home, ate, drank his fill, and then
  Snor’d in his chair, ’till supper came at ten.           224



  Formosum pastor Corydon, ardebat Alexin,
  Delicias domini; nec, quid speraret habebat,
  Tantum inter dènsas, umbrosa cacumina, fagos
  Assiduè veniebat; ibi hæc incondita solus
  Montibus et sylvis studio jactabat inani.

  O crudelis Alexi! nihil mea carmina curas;
  Nil nostri miserere: mori me denique coges.
  Nunc etiam pecudes umbras et frigora captant;
  Nunc virides etiam occultant spineta lacertos;
  Thestylis et rapido fessis messoribus æstu
  Allia serpyllumque herbas contundit olentis.

  At mecum raucis, tua dum vestigia lustro,
  Sole sub ardenti resonant arbusta cicadis.
  Nonnè fuit melius tristes Amyrillidis iras
  Atque superba pata fastidia? Nonnè Menalcan
  Quamvis ille niger, quamvis tu candidus esses,
  O formose puer, nimiùm ne crede colori.
  Alba ligustra cadunt, vaccinia nigra leguntur.
  Sum tibi despectus; nec qui sim quæris, Alexi:
  Quam dives pecoris nivei, quam lactis abundans.
  Mille meæ Siculis errant in montibus agnæ:

  Lac mihi non æstate novum, non frigore desit.
  Canto, quæ solitus, si quando armenta vocabat,
  Amphion Dircæus in Actœo Aracyntho.
  Nec sum adeò informis: nuper me in littore vidi,
  Cum placidum ventis staret mare: non ego Daphnim,
  Judice te, metuam, si nunquam fallat imago.

  O tantum libeat mecum tibi sordida rura
  Atque humilis habitare casas, et figere cervos,
  Hædorumque gregem viridi compellere hibisco.
  Mecum unà in Sylois imitabere Pana canendo.

  Pan primus calamos cerâ conjungere plures
  ------Pan curat oves, oviumque magistros.
  Neu te pœniteat calamo trivisse labellum.
  Hæc eadem ut sciret, quid non faciebat Amyntas?

  Est mihi disparibus septem compacta cicutis
  Fistula, Damætas dono mihi quam dedit olim,
  Et dixit moriens: “te nunc habet ista secundum.”
  Dixit Damætas: invidit stultus Amyntas.

  Prætereà duo—nec tutâ mihi valle reperti
  Capreoli, sparsis etiam nunc pellibus albo,
  Bina die siccant ovis ubera; quos tibi servo.
  Jampridem a me illos abducere Thestylis orat,
  Et faciet; quoniam sordent tibi munera nostra!

  Huc ades, O formose puer. Tibi lilia plenis
  Ecce ferunt nymphæ calathis: tibi candida Naïs
  Pallentis violas, et summa papavera carpens
  Narcissum et florem jungit bene olentis anethi.
  Tum casiâ, atque aliis intexens suavibus herbis
  Mollia luteolâ pingit vaccinia calthâ.

  Ipse ego cana legam tenerà lanugine mala,
  Castaneasque nuces, mea quas Amaryllis amabat:
  Addam ceroa pruna; honos erit huic quoque pomo
  Et vos, O lauri carpam, et te, proxima myrtus
  Sic positæ, quoniam suaves miscetis odores.

  Rusticus es, Corydon! nec munera curat Alexis
  Nec, si muneribus certes, concedat Iolas.
  Eheu! quid volui misero mihi? Floribus Austrum
  Perditus et liquidis immissi fontibus apros.
  Quem fugis, ah! demens? habitârunt Di quoque sylvas,
  Dardaniusque Paris. Pallas, quas condidit, arces
  Ipsa colat: Nobis placeant ante omnia sylvæ.

  Torva leæna lupum sequitur lupus ipse capellam,
  Florentem cytasum sequitur lasciva capella;
  Te Corydon, O Alexi: trahit sua quemque voluptas.
  Me tamen urit amor: quis enim modis adsit amori.
  Aspice! aratra jugo referunt suspensa juvenci,
  Et sol crescentis discedens duplicat umbras:
  Ah! Corydon, Corydon, quæ te dementia cepit?
  Semiputata tibi frondosâ vitis in ulmo est.
  Quin tu aliquid saltem, potius quorum indiget usus,
  Viminibus, mollique paras detexere junco?
  Invenies alium, si te hic fastidit, Alexin.


Ver. 29 and 32 allude to a pamphlet on the Irish Propositions,
commonly called the Treasury Pamphlet, and universally attributed
to Mr. Rose. This work of the Honourable Secretary’s was eminently
distinguished by a gentleman-like contempt for the pedantry of
grammar, and a poetical abhorrence of dull fact.

Ver. 42. For a long account of Sir Richard Hill’s harvest-home,
and of the godly hymns and ungodly ballads, sung on the occasion,
see the newspapers in Autumn, 1784.

Ver. 49. Justice to the minister obliges us to observe, that he is
by no means chargeable with the scandalous illiberality above
intimated, of reducing the income of the Secretaries of the Treasury
to the miserable pittance of 3000l. a year. This was one of the many
infamous acts which to deservedly drew down the hatred of all
true friends to their king and country, on those pretended patriots,
the Whigs.

Ver. 66. We know not of what forgeries Mr. Rose here boasts.
Perhaps he may mean the paper relative to his interview with
Mr. Gibbon and Mr. Reynolds, so opportunely found in an obscure
drawer of Mr. Pitt’s bureau. See the Parliamentary debates of 1785.

Ver. 71. Alludes to a couplet in the LYARS, which was written before
the present Eclogue.

Ver. 78. The _Reply to the Treasury Pamphlet_ was answered, not by
Mr. Rote himself, but by Mr. George Chalmers.

Ver. 88. The following digression on his Majesty’s love of the
fine arts, though it be somewhat long, will carry its apology with
it in the truth and beauty of the panegyric. The judicious reader
will observe that the style is more elevated, like the subject,
and for this the poet may plead both the example and precept of
his favourite Virgil.

  --------sylvæ sint Consule dignæ.

Ver. 91 and 92. Since the death of Ramsay, Sir Joshua Reynolds
is _nominally_ painter to the king, though his Majesty sits only
to Mr. West.

Ver. 93. This line affords a striking instance of our Poet’s
dexterity in the use of his classical learning. He here translates
a single phrase from Horace.

  _Judicium subtile_ videndis artibus illud.

When he could not possibly apply what concludes,

  Bœtum in crasso jurares æere natum.

Ver. 95. Our most gracious Sovereign’s comparative estimate of Messrs.
Whitehead and Warton, is here happily elucidated, from a circumstance
highly honourable to his Majesty’s taste; that, whereas he thought
the former worthy of two places, he has given the latter only the
worst of the two. Mr. Fauquier is made Secretary and Register to the
order of the Bath, in the room of the deceased Laureat.

Ver. 107. We suspect the whole of this passage in praise of his
Majesty, has been retouched by Mr. Warton, as this line, or something
very like it, occurs in his “Triumphs of Isis,” a spirited poem, which
is omitted, we know not why, in his publication of his works.

Ver. 149. Our readers, we trust, have already admired the several
additions which our poet has made to the ideas of his great original.
He has here given an equal proof of his judgment in a slight omission.
When he converted Amyntas into Lord Uxbridge, with what striking
propriety did he sink upon us the epithet of _stultus_, or _foolish_;
for surely we cannot suppose that to be conveyed above in the term
of _simple_ peer.

Ver. 156. In the manuscript we find two lines which were struck out;
possibly because our poet supposed they touched on a topic of praise,
not likely ta be very prevalent with Mr. PITT, notwithstanding what
we have lately heard of his “Atlantean shoulders.” They are as

  Yet strong beyond the promise of their years,
  Each in one night would drain two grenadiers.

Ver. 181. The orders of the Board of Controul, relative to the debts
of the Nabob of Arcot, certainly _appear_ diametrically opposite to
Mr. Dundas’s Reports, and to an express clause of Mr. Pitt’s bill.
Our author, however, like Mr. Pitt and Mr. Dundas, roundly asserts
the consistency of the whole.

Ver. 189. This unfortunate slip of the Honourable Secretary’s
constitutional logic happened in a debate on the Irish Propositions.
Among the many wild chimeras of faction on that memorable occasion,
one objection was, that the produce of the French West-Indian Islands
might be legally smuggled through Ireland into this country. To which
Mr. Rose replied, “That we might repeal all our acts in perfect
security, because the French King had lately issued an arrêt which
would prevent this smuggling.”

Ver. 216. We flattered ourselves that this line might have enabled us
to ascertain the precise time when this eclogue was written. We were,
however, disappointed, as on examining the file of Morning Posts
for 1784, we could not find a single week in which Mr. FOX is
absolutely without some attack or other. We suppose therefore
our author here speaks with the allowed latitude of poetry.

                    *     *     *     *     *



This Eclogue is principally an Imitation of the third Bucolic of
Virgil, which, as is observed by Dr. Joseph Warton, the Brother of our
incomparable Laureat, is of that Species called Amœbœa, where the
Characters introduced contend in alternate Verse; the second always
endeavouring to surpass the first Speaker in an equal number of Lines,
As this was in point of Time the first of our Author’s Pastoral
Attempts, he has taken rather more Latitude than he afterwards allowed
himself in the rest, and has interspersed one or two occasional
Imitations from other Eclogues of the Roman Poet.

  In Downing-street, the breakfast duly set,
  As BANKS and PRETTYMAN one morn were met,
  A strife arising who could best supply,
  In urgent cases, a convenient lie;
  His skill superior each essay’d to prove                   5
  In verse alternate--which the Muses love!
  While BILLY, listening to their tuneful plea,
  In silence sipp’d his _Commutation_ Tea,
  And heard them boast, how loudly both had ly’d:
  The Priest began, the Layman thus reply’d!                10

  Why wilt thou, BANKS, with me dispute the prize?
  Who is not cheated when a Parson lies?
  Since pious Christians, ev’ry Sabbath-day,
  Must needs believe whate’er the Clergy say!
  In spite of all you Laity can do,                         15
  One lie from us is more than ten from you!

  O witless lout! in lies that touch the state,
  We, Country Gentlemen, have far more weight;
  Fiction from us the public still must gull:
  They think we’re honest, as they know we’re dull!         20

  In yon Cathedral I a Prebend boast,
  The maiden bounty of our gracious host!
  Its yearly profits I to thee resign,
  If PITT pronounce not that the palm is mine!

  A Borough mine, a pledge far dearer sure,                 25
  Which in St Stephen’s gives a seat secure!
  If PITT to PRETTYMAN the prize decree,
  Henceforth CORFE-CASTLE shall belong to thee!

  Begin the strain--while in our easy chairs
  We loll, forgetful of all public cares!                   30
  Begin the strain--nor shall I deem my time
  Mispent, in hearing a debate in ryhme!

  Father of lies! By whom in EDEN’s shade
  Mankind’s first parents were to sin betray’d;
  Lo! on this altar, which to thee I raise,                 35
  Twelve BIBLES, bound in red Morocco, blaze.

  Blest powers of falsehood, at whose shrine I bend,
  Still may success your votary’s lies attend!
  What prouder victims can your altars boast,
  Than honours stain’d, and fame for ever lost?             40

  How smooth, persuasive, plausible, and glib,
  From holy lips is dropp’d the specious fib!
  Which whisper’d slily, in its dark career
  Assails with art the unsuspecting ear.

  How clear, convincing, eloquent, and  bold,               45
  The bare-fac’d lie, with manly courage told!
  Which, spoke in public, falls with greater force,
  And heard by hundreds, is believ’d of course.

  Search through each office for the basest tool
  Rear’d in JACK ROBINSONS’s abandon’d school;              50
  ROSE, beyond all the sons of dulness, dull,
  Whose legs are scarcely thicker than his scull;
  Not ROSE, from all restraints of conscience free,
  In double-dealing is a match for me.

  Step from St. Stephen’s up to Leadenhall,                 55
  Where Europe’s crimes appear no crimes at all;
  Not Major SCOTT, with bright pagodas paid,
  That wholesale dealer in the lying trade;
  Not he, howe’er important his design,
  Can lie with impudence surpassing mine.                   60

  Sooner the ass in fields of air shall graze,
  Or WARTON’s Odes with justice claims the bays;
  Sooner shall mackrel on the plains disport,
  Or MULGRAVE’s hearers think his speech too short;
  Sooner shall sense escape the prattling lips              65
  Sooner shall CAMPBELL mend his phrase uncouth,
  Than Doctor PRETTYMAN shall speak the truth!

  When FOX and SHERIDAN for fools shall pass,
  And JEMMY LUTTRELL not be thought an ass;                 70
  When all their audience shall enraptur’d sit
  With MAWBEY’s eloquence, and MARTIN’s wit;
  When fiery KENYON shall with temper speak,
  When modest blushes die DUNDAS’s cheek;
  Then, only then, in PITT’s behalf will I                  75
  Refuse to pledge my honour to a lie.

  While in suspence our Irish project hung,
  A well-framed fiction from this fruitful tongue
  Bade the vain terrors of the City cease,
  And lull’d the Manufacturers to peace:                    80
  The tale was told with so demure an air,
  Not weary Commerce could escape the snare.

  When Secret Influence expiring lay,
  And Whigs triumphant hail’d th’ auspicious day,
  I bore that faithless message to the House,               85
  By PITT contriv’d the gaping ’squires to chouse;
  That deed, I ween, demands superior thanks:
  The British Commons were the dupes of BANKS.

  Say, in what regions are those fathers found,
  For deep-dissembling policy renown’d;                     90
  Whose subtle precepts for perverting truth,
  To quick perfection train’d our patron’s youth,
  And taught him all the mystery of lies?
  Resolve me this, and I resign the prize.

  Say, what that mineral, brought from distant climes,      95
  Which screens delinquents, and absolves their crimes;
  Whose dazzling rays confound the space between
  A tainted strumpet and a spotless Queen;
  Which Asia’s Princes give, which Europe’s take;
  Tell this, dear Doctor, and I yield the stake.           100

  Enough, my friends--break off your tuneful sport,
  ’Tis levee day, and I must dress for Court;
  Which hath more boldly or expertly lied,
  Not mine th’ important contest to decide.
  Take thou this MITRE, Doctor, which before               105
  A greater hypocrite sure never wore;
  And if to services rewards be due,
  Dear BANKS, this CORONET belongs to you:
  Each from that Government deserves a prize,
  Which thrives by shuffling, and subsists by lies.        110

  Ver. 6.   Amant alterna Camenæ.
  Ver. 10.  Hos Corydon, illos referebat in ordine Thyrsis.
  Ver. 29.  Dicite--quandoquidem in molli consedimus herbâ
  Ver. 61.  Ante leves ergo pas entur in æthere cervi
            Et freta destituent nudos in littore pisces--
  Ver. 89.  Die quibus in terris, &c.
  Ver. 104. Non nostrum inter vos tantas componere lites.
  Ver. 105. Et vitulà tu dignus et hic.

Ver. 17. Our poet here seems to deviate from his general rule, by the
introduction of a phrase which appears rather adapted to the lower
and less elevated strain of pastoral, than to the dialogue of persons
of such distinguished rank. It is, however, to be considered, that it
is far from exceeding the bounds of possibility to suppose, that,
in certain instances, the epithet of “Witless,” and the coarse
designation of “Lout,” may be as applicable to a dignitary of the
church, as to the most ignorant and illiterate rustic.

Ver. 62. The truth of this line must be felt by all who have read
the lyrical effusions of Mr. Warton’s competitors, whose odes were
some time since published, by Sir John Hawkins, Knight. The present
passage must be understood in reference to these, and not to the
Laureat’s general talents.

Ver. 85. The ingenious and sagacious gentleman, who, at the period
of the glorious revolution of 1784, held frequent meetings at
the Saint Alban’s Tavern, for the purpose of bringing about an union
that might have prevented the dissolution of parliament; which
meetings afforded time to one of the members of the proposed union to
concert means throughout every part of the kingdom, for ensuring the
success of that salutary and constitutional measure, which, through
his friend Mr. B--ks, he had solemnly pledged himself not to adopt.
How truly does this conduct mark “the statesman born!”
    -------- Dolus an virtus, quis in hoste requirit?

Ver. 98. It must be acknowledged that there is some obscurity in
this passage, as well as in the following line,

    “Which Asia’s princes give, which Europe’s take:”

and of this, certain seditious, malevolent, disaffected critics have
taken advantage, and have endeavoured, by a forced construction,
to discover in them an unwarrantable insinuation against the highest
and most sacred characters; from which infamous imputation, however,
we trust, the well-known and acknowledged loyalty of our author’s
principles will sufficiently protect him.

                    *     *     *     *     *



Mr. WILKES and Lord HAWKESBURY alternately congratulate each other
on his Majesty’s late happy Escape, The one describes the Joy which
pervades the Country: the other sings the Dangers from which our
Constitution has been preserved. Though in the following Eclogue
our Author has not selected any single one of _Virgil_ for a close and
exact Parody, he seems to have had his Eye principally upon the Vth,
or the _Daphnis_, which contains the Elegy and _APOTHEOSIS_ of _Julius

  The Session up: the INDIA-BENCH appeas’d,
  The LANSDOWNES satisfied, the LOWTHERS pleas’d,
  Each job dispatch’d:--the Treasury boys depart,
  As various fancy prompts each youthful heart;
  PITT, in chaste kisses seeking virtuous joy,               5
  Begs Lady CHATHAM’s blessing on her boy;
  While MORNINGTON, as vicious as he can,
  To fair R--L--N in vain affects the man:
  With Lordly BUCKINGHAM retir’d at STOWE,
  GRENVILLE, whose plodding brains no respite know,         10
  To prove next year, how our finances thrive,
  Schemes new reports, that two and two make five.
  To plans of Eastern justice hies DUNDAS;
  And comley VILLARS to his votive glass;
  To embryo tax bills ROSE; to dalliance STEELE;            15
  And hungry hirelings to their hard-earn’d meal.
    A faithful pair, in mutual friendship tied,
  Once keen in hate, as now in love allied
  (This, o’er admiring mobs in triumph rode,
  Libell’d his monarch and blasphem’d his God;              20
  That, the mean drudge of tyranny and BUTE,
  At once his practis’d pimp and prostitute),
  Adscomb’s proud roof receives, whose dark recess
  And empty vaults, its owner’s mind express,
  While block’d-up windows to the world display             25
  How much he loves a tax, how much invites the day.
    Here the dire chance that god-like GEORGE befel,
  How sick in spirit, yet in health how well;
  What Mayors by dozens, at the tale affrighted,
  Got drunk, address’d, got laugh’d at, and got knighted;   30
  They read, with mingled horror and surprise,
  In London’s pure Gazette, that never lies.
  Ye Tory bands, who, taught by conscious fears,
  Have wisely check’d your tongues, and sav’d your ears,--
  Hear, ere hard fate forbids--what heavenly strains        35
  Flow’d from the lips of these melodious swains.
  Alternate was the song; but first began,
  With hands uplifted, the regenerate man.

  Bless’d be the beef-fed guard, whose vigorous twist
  Wrench’d the rais’d weapon from the murderer’s fist,      40
  Him Lords in waiting shall with awe behold
  In red tremendous, and hirsute in gold.
    On him, great monarch, let thy bounty shine,
  What meed can match a life so dear as thine?
  Well was that bounty measured, all must own,              45
  That gave him _half_ of what he saved--_a crown_.
    Bless’d the dull edge, for treason’s views unfit,
  Harmless as SYDNEY’s rage, or BEARCROFT’s wit.
  Blush, clumsy patriots, for degenerate zeal,
  WILKES had not guided thus the faithless steel!           50
    Round your sad mistress flock, ye maids elect,
  Whose charms severe your chastity protect;
  Scar’d by whose glance, despairing love descries,
  That virtue steals no triumph from your eyes.
    Round your bold master flock, ye mitred hive,           55
  With anathems on Whigs his soul revive!
  Saints! whom the sight of human blood appals,
  Save when to please the Royal will it falls.
    He breathes! he lives! the vestal choir advance,
  Each takes a bishop, and leads up the dance,              60
  Nor dreads to break her long respected vow,
  For chaste--ah strange to tell!--are bishops now:
  Saturnian times return!--the age of truth,
  And--long foretold--is come the virgin youth.
  Now sage professors, for their learning’s curse,          65
  Die of their duty in remorseless verse:
  Now sentimental Aldermen expire
  In prose half flaming with the Muse’s fire;
  Their’s--while rich dainties swim on every plate--
  Their’s the glad toil to feast for Britain’s fate;        70
  Nor mean the gift the Royal grace affords,
  All shall be knights--but those that shall be lords.
    Fountain of Honour, that art never dry,
  Touch’d with whose drops of grace no thief can die,
  Still with new titles soak the delug’d land,              75
  Still may we all be safe from KETCH’s menac’d hand!

  Oh wond’rous man, with a more wond’rous Muse!
  O’er my lank limbs thy strains a sleep diffuse,
  Sweet as when PITT with words, disdaining end,
  Toils to explain, yet scorns to comprehend.               80
  Ah! whither had we fled, had that foul day
  Torn him untimely from our arms away?
  What ills had mark’d the age, had that dire thrust
  Pierc’ his soft heart, and bow’d his bob to dust?
  Gods! to my labouring sight what phantoms rise!           85
  Here Juries triumph, and there droops Excise!
  Fierce from defeat, and with collected might,
  The low-born Commons claim the people’s right:
  And mad for freedom, vainly deem their own,
  Their eye presumptuous dares to scan the throne.          90
  See--in the general wreck that smothers all,
  Just ripe for justice--see my HASTINGS fall.
  Lo, the dear Major meets a rude repulse,
  Though blazing in each hand he bears a BULSE?
  Nor Ministers attend, nor Kings relent,                   95
  Though rich Nabobs so splendidly repent.
  See EDEN’s faith expos’d to sale again,
  Who takes his plate, and learns his French in vain.
  See countless eggs for us obscure the sky,
  Each blanket trembles, and each pump is dry.             100
  Far from good things DUNDAS is sent to roam,
  Ah!--worse than banish’d--doom’d to live at home.
  Hence dire illusions! dismal scenes away--
  Again he cries, “What, what!” and all is gay.
    Come, BRUNSWICK, come, great king of loaves and fishes,
  Be bounteous still to grant us all our wishes!           106
  Twice every year with BEAUFOY as we dine,
  Pour’d to the brim--eternal George--be thine
  Two foaming cups of his nectareous juice,
  Which--new to gods--no mortal vines produce.             110
  To us shall BRUDENELL sing his choicest airs,
  And capering MULGRAVE ape the grace of bears;
  A grand thanksgiving pious YORK compose,
  In all the proud parade of pulpit prose;
  For sure Omniscience will delight to hear,               115
  Thou ’scapest a danger, that was never near.
  While ductile PITT thy whisper’d wish obeys,
  While dupes believe whate’er the Doctor says,
  While panting to be tax’d, the famish’d poor
  Grow to their chains, and only beg for more;             120
  While fortunate in ill, thy servants find
  No snares too slight to catch the vulgar mind:
  Fix’d as the doom, thy power shall still remain,
  And thou, wise King, as uncontroul’d shall reign.

  Thanks, _Jenky_, thanks, for ever could’st thou sing,    125
  For ever could I sit and hear thee praise the King.
  Then take this book, which with a Patriot’s pride,
  Once to his sacred warrant I deny’d,
  Fond though he was of reading all I wrote:
  No gift can better suit thy tuneful throat.              130

  And thou this Scottish pipe, which JAMIE’s breath
  Inspir’d when living, and bequeath’d in death,
  From lips unhallow’d I’ve prcserv’d it long:
  Take the just tribute of thy loyal song.                 134

  Ver. 59.  Ergo alacris sylvas et cetera rura voluptas.
            Panaque pastoresque tenet, Dryadasque puellas.
  Ver. 61.  Nec lupus insidias pecori, &c.
  Ver. 63.  Jam redit et Virgo, redeunt Saturnia regna.
  Ver. 78.  Tale tuum carmen nobis, divine Poeta,
            Quale sopor sessis in gramine.
  Ver. 106. Sis bonus; O! felixque tuis--
  Ver. 107. Pocula bina novo spumantia lacte quot--annis
            Craterasque duo statuam tibi.
  Ver. 109. Vina _novum_ fundum calathis Arvisia nectar.
  Ver. 114. Cantabunt mihi Damætas et Lictius Ægon.
            Saltantes Satyros imitabitur Alphæsibæus.
  Ver. 121. Dum juga montis aper, &c.
            Semper honos, nomenque tuum, laudesque manebunt.
  Ver. 130. At tu sume pedurn, quod cum me sæpe rogaret
              Non tulit Antigenes, et erat turn dignus amari.
  Ver. 134. Est mihi--
            Fistula, Damætas dono mini quam dedit olim,
            Et dixit moriens, “Te nunc, habet ista secundum.”
                                                              ECL. II.

Ver. 46. _half--a crown!_--Literally so.

Ver. 63, 64. It is rearkable that these are the only lines which
our Poet has imitated from the IVth Eclogue (or the Pollio) of Virgil.
Perhaps the direct and obvious application of that whole Eclogue
appeared to our author to be an undertaking too easy for the exercise
of his superior talents; or perhaps he felt himself too well
anticipated by a similar imitation of Pope’s Messiah, which was
inserted some time since in one of the public papers. If the author
will favour us with a corrected copy, adapted rather to the Pollio
than the Messiah, we shall be happy to give it a place in our
subsequent editions, of which we doubt not the good taste of the town
will demand as many as of the rest of our celebrated bard’s
immortal compositions.

Ver. 119. The public alarm expressed upon the event which is the
subject of this Pastoral, was certainly a very proper token of
affection to a Monarch, every action of whose reign denotes him
to be the father of his people. Whether it has sufficiently subsided
to admit of a calm enquiry into facts, is a matter of some doubt,
as the addresses were not finished in some late Gazettes. If ever
that time should arrive, the world will be very well pleased to hear
that the miserable woman whom the Privy Council have judiciously
confined in Bedlam for her life, never even aimed a blow at his
August Person.

Ver. 127. _This Book_, &c.  Essay on Woman.

Ver. 130. _No gift can better suit thy----throat._ The ungrateful
people of England, we have too much reason to fear, may be of
a different opinion.

                    *     *     *     *     *



The following is a very close Translation of _VIRGIL’s SILENUS_;
so close indeed that many Readers may be surprised at such a Deviation
from our Authur’s usual Mode of imitating the Ancients. But we are
to consider that _VIRGIL_ is revered by his Countrymen, not only
as a Poet, but likewise as a Prophet and Magician; and our
incomparable Translator, who was not ignorant of this Circumstance,
was convinced, that _VIRGIL_ in his _SILENUS_ had really and _bonâ
fide_ meant to allude to the Wonders of the present Reign, and
consequently that it became his Duty to adhere most strictly to his
Original, and to convey the true Meaning of this hitherto inexplicable

  Mine was the Muse, that from a Norman scroll
  First rais’d to Fame the barbarous worth of ROLLE,
  And dar’d on DEVON’s hero to dispense
  The gifts of Language, Poetry, and Sense.
  In proud Pindarics next my skill I try’d,                  5
  But SALISB’RY wav’d his wand and check’d my pride:
  “Write English, friend (he cry’d), be plain and flatter,
  Nor thus confound your compliment and satire.
  Even I, a critic by the King’s command,
  Find these here odes damn’d hard to understand.”          10
  Now then, O deathless theme of WARTON’s Muse,
  Oh great in War! oh glorious at Reviews!
  While many a rival anxious for the bays;
  Pursues thy virtues with relentless praise;
  While at thy levee smiling crowds appear,                 15
  Blest that thy birth-day happens once a year:
  Like good SIR CECIL, I to woods retire,
  And write plain eclogues o’er my parlour fire.
  Yet still for thee my loyal verse shall flow,
  Still, shou’d it please, to thee its charms shall owe;    20
  And well I ween, to each succeeding age,
  Thy name shall guard and consecrate my page.
  Begin, my Muse!--As WILBERFORCE and BANKS
  Late in the Lobby play’d their usual pranks,
  Within a water-closet’s niche immur’d                     25
  (Oh that the treacherous door was unsecur’d),
  His wig awry, his papers on the ground,
  Drunk, and asleep, CHARLES JENKINSON they found.
  Transported at the sight (for oft of late
  At PITT’s assembled on affairs of state,                  30
  They both had press’d him, but could ne’er prevail,
  To sing a merry song or tell a tale)
  In rush’d th’ advent’rous youths:--they seize, they bind,
  Make fast his legs, and tie his hands behind,
  Then scream for help; and instant to their aid            35
  POMONA flies, POMONA, lovely maid;
  Or maid, or goddess, sent us from above,
  To bless young Senators with fruit and love.
  Then thus the sage--“Why these unseemly bands?
  “Untie my legs, dear boys, and loose my hands;            40
  The promis’d tale be yours: a tale to you;
  To fair POMONA different gifts are due.”
    Now all things haste to hear the master talk:
  Here Fawns and Satyrs from the Bird-cage-walk,
  Here Centaur KENYON, and the Sylvan sage,                 45
  Whom BOWOOD guards to rule a purer age,
  Here T------W, B------T, H------N appear,
  With many a minor savage in their rear,
  Panting for treasons, riots, gibbets, blocks,
  To strangle NORTH, to scalp and eat CHARLES FOX.          50
  There H------’s sober band in silence wait,
  Inur’d to sleep, and patient of debate;
  Firm in their ranks, each rooted to his chair
  They sit, and wave their wooden heads in air.
  Less mute the rocks while tuneful Phœbus sung,            55
  Less sage the critic brutes round Orpheus hung;
  For true and pleasant were the tales he told,
  His theme great GEORGE’s age, the age of gold.
  Ere GEORGE appear’d a Briton bora and bred,
  One general Chaos all the land o’erspread                 60
  There lurking seeds of adverse factions lay,
  Which warm’d and nurtur’d by his dawning ray,
  Sprang into life. Then first began to thrive
  The tender shoots of young Prerogative;
  Then spread luxuriant, when unclouded shone               65
  The full meridian splendour of the throne.
  Yet was the Court a solitary waste;
  Twelve lords alone the Royal chamber grac’d!
  When BUTE, the good DEUCALION of the reign,
  To gracious BRUNSWICK pray’d, nor pray’d in vain.         70
  For straight (oh goodness of the royal mind!)
  Eight blocks, to dust and rubbish long confin’d,
  Now wak’d by mandate from their trance of years,
  Grew living creatures--just like other Peers.
  Nor here his kindness ends--From wild debate              75
  And factious rage he guards his infant state.
  Resolv’d alone his empire’s toils to bear,
  “Be all men dull!” he cry’d, and dull they were.
  Then sense was treason:--then with bloody claw
  Exulting soar’d the vultures of the law:                  80
  Then ruffians robb’d by ministerial writ,
  And GRENVILLE plunder’d reams of useless wit,
  While mobs got drunk ’till learning should revive,
  And loudly bawl’d for WILKES and forty-five.
    Next to WILL PITT he past, so sage, so young,           85
  So cas’d with wisdom, and so arm’d with tongue
  His breast with every royal virtue full,
  Yet, strange to tell, the minion of JOHN BULL.
  Prepost’rous passion! say, what fiend possest,
  Misguided youth, what phrenzy fir’d thy breast?           90
  ’Tis true, in senates, many a hopeful lad
  Has rav’d in metaphor, and run stark mad;
  His friend, the heir-apparent of MONTROSE,
  Feels for his beak, and starts to find a nose;
  Yet at these times preserve the little share              95
  Of sense and thought intrusted to their care;
  While thou with ceaseless folly, endless labour,
  Now coaxing JOHN, now flirting with his neighbour,
  Hast seen thy lover from his bonds set free,
  Damning the shop-tax, and himself, and thee.             100
    Now good MACPHERSON, whose prolific muse
  Begets false tongues, false heroes, and false news,
  Now frame new lies, now scrutinize thy brain,
  And bring th’ inconstant to these arms again!
    Next of the Yankeys’ fraud the master told,            105
  And GRENVILLE’s fondness for Hesperian gold;
  And GRENVILLE’s friends, conspicuous from afar,
  In mossy down incas’d, and bitter tar.
    SIR CECIL next adorn’d the pompous song,
  Led by his CÆLIA through th’ admiring throng,            110
  All CÆLIA’s sisters hail’d the prince of bards,
  Reforming sailors bow’d, and patriot guards:
  While thus SIR JOSEPH (his stupendious head
  Crown’d with green-groc’ry, and with flow’rs o’erspread)
  From the high hustings spoke--“This pipe be thine,       115
  This pipe, the fav’rite present of the Nine,
  On which WILL WHITEHEAD play’d those powerful airs,
  Which to ST. JAMES’s drew reluctant May’rs,
  And forc’d stiff-jointed Aldermen to bend;
  Sing thou on this thy SAL’SBURY, sing thy friend;        120
  Long may he live in thy protecting strains,
  And HATFIELD vie with TEMPE’s fabled plains!”
  Why should I tell th’ election’s horrid tale,
  That scene of libels, riots, blood, and ale?
  There of SAM HOUSE the horrid form appeared;             125
  Round his white apron howling monsters reared
  Their angry clubs; mid broken heads they polled;
  And HOOD’s best sailors in the kennel rolled;
  Ah! why MAHON’s disastrous fate record?
  Alas! how fear can change the fiercest lord!             130
  See the sad sequel of the grocers’ treat--
  Behold him darting up St. James’s-street,
  Pelted, and scar’d by BROOKE’s hellish sprites,
  And vainly fluttering round the door of WHITE’s!
  All this, and more he told, and every word               135
  With silent awe th’ attentive striplings heard,
  When, bursting on their ear, stern PEARSON’s note
  Proclaim’d the question put, and called them forth to vote.

  Ver. 1.   Prima Syracosio dignita est ludere versu,
            Nostra nee erubuit sylvas habitare Thalia.
            Cum canerem regis et prælia, Cynthius aurem
            Vellit, et admonuit, &c. &c.
  Ver. 11.  Nunc ego (namque super tibi, erunt, qui dicere laudes
            Vare, tuus cupiant, et tristia condere bella)
            Sylvestrem tenui meditabor arundine musam.
  Ver. 18.  ---------Si quis tamen hæc quoque, siquis
            Captus amore leget, te nostræ, Vare, myricæ
            Te nemus omne canet, &c.
  Ver. 23.  ---------Chromis et Mnasylus in autro
            Silenum pueri somno videre jacentem.
  Ver. 29.  Aggressi, nam sæpe senex spe carminis ambo
            Luserat, injiciunt ex ipsis vincula sertis.
  Ver. 35.  Addit se sociam timidisque supervenit Ægle,
            Ægle Naiadum pulcherrima.
  Ver. 39.  ----------Quid vincula nectitis? inquit,
            Solvite me pueri----
            Carmina quæ vultis cognoscite, carmina vobis;
            Huic aliud mercedis erit.
  Ver. 43.  Tum vero in numerurn faunosque ferasque videres,
            Ludere, tum rigidas motare cacumina quercus.
  Ver. 55.  Nec tantum Phœbo gaudet Parnassia rupes,
            Nec tantum Rhodope miratur et Ismarus Orphea.
  Ver. 57.  Namque canebat, uti magnum per inane coacta,
            Semina terrarumque animæque marisque fuissent,
            Et liquidi simul ignis: Ut his exordia primis
            Omnia, et ipse tener mundi concreverit orbis.
  Ver. 62.  Incipiant sylvæ cum primum surgere------
            Jamque novum ut terræ stupeant lucescere solem.
  Ver. 68.  —————————————————————————-Cumque
            Rara per ignotos errant animalia montes.
  Ver. 69.  Hinc lapides Pyrrhæ jactos----------
  Ver. 78.  ------------Saturnia regna.
  Ver. 81.  Caucaseasque refert volucres:
  Ver. 82.  ------------Furtumque Promethei.
  Ver. 84   ------------Hylan nautæ quo fonte relictum,
            Clamassent ut littus Hyla, Hyla, omne sonaret.
  Ver. 88.  Pasaphaen nivei solatur amore juvenci.
  Ver. 89.  Ah virgo infelix quæ te dementia cepit?
  Ver. 93.  Prætides implerunt falsis mugitibus agros.
  Ver. 96.  Et sæpe in lævi quæsissent cornua fronte,
            At non, &c.
  Ver. 99.  Ille latus niveum, &c.
  Ver. 101. ------Claudite nymphæ
            Dictææ nymphæ, nemorum jam claudite saltus,
            Si quâ forte ferant oculis sese obvia nostris,
            Errabunda bovis vestigia.
  Ver. 106. Tum canit Hesperidurn miratam mala puellant.
  Ver. 108. Tum Phaetontiadas musco circumdat amaræ
            Corticis, atque solo proceras erigit.
  Ver. 109. Tum canit errantem------Gallum,
            Aonas in montes ut duxerit una sororum,
            Utque viro Phœbi chorus assurrexerit omnis;
            Ut Linus hæc illi divino carmine pastor
            Floribus, atque apio crines ornatus amaro,
            Dixerit; hos tibi dant calamos, en accipe, musæ,
            Ascræo quos ante seni, quibus ille solebat
            Cantando rigidas deducere montibus ornos, &c. &c. &c.
  Ver. 127. Quid loquar--Scyllum quam fama secuta est
            Candida succinctam latrantibus inguina monstris
            ------------------------gurgite in alto
            Ah timidos nautas canibus lacerasse marinis.
  Ver. 132. Aut ut mutatos Terei norraverit artus:
            Quas illi Philomela dapes; quæ dona paravit,
            Quo corsû deserta petiverit, & quibus ante
            Infelix sua tecta supervolitæ erit alis.

Ver. 42. _To fair Pomana_, &c.] We are sorry to inform our readers,
that the promise which Mr. Jenkinson here intimates in favour of
the lady was, we fear, but the promise of a courtier. Truth obliges us
to declare, that having taken some pains to enquire into the facts,
we were assured by the lady herself, that she never received any
other gift, present, or compliment what-ever from Mr. Jenkinson.

Ver. 68. Our Poet, for so careful a student of the Court Calendar,
as he must certainly be, is a little inaccurate here. The Lords of
the Bed-chamber were in truth thirteen, and seven only were added.
The numbers in the text were probably preserved as more euphonius.

Ver. 101. _Good Macpherson_, &c.] This Ingenious gentleman, who first
signalized himself by a bombast translation of poems which never
existed, is now said occasionally to indulge his native genius for
fiction in paragraphs of poetical prose for some of our daily papers.

Ver. 106. _Hesperian gold_.] The American revenue, which the late
Mr. Grenville was to have raised by his celebrated Stamp Act. Mr.
Jankinson, who was himself the author of that act, here delicately
touches an the true origin of the American war; a measure in which,
however unseccussful, we doubt not, he will ever be ready to glory.

Ver. 110. SIR. CECIL’s poems to Cælia are well known; and we are
persuaded will live to preserve the fame of his talents, when his
admirable letter to the Scottish reformers, and his pamphlet on the
Westminster Election, shall be forgotten.

                    *     *     *     *     *


  ----------------------------miserabile Carmen
  Integrat, & mæstis latè loca questibus implet.--VIRGIL.

  Jekyll, the wag of law, the scribblers pride,
  Calne to the senate sent--when TOWNSHEND died.
  So LANSDOWNE will’d:--the old hoarse rook at rest,
  A jackdaw phœnix chatters from his nest.
  Statesman and lawyer now, with clashing cares,                  5
  Th’ important youth roams thro’ the Temple squares;
  Yet stays his step, where, with congenial play,
  The well-known fountain babbles day by day:
  The little fountain:--whose restricted course,
  In low faint Essays owns its shallow sourse.                   10
  There, to the tinkling jet he tun’d his tongue,
  While LANSDOWNE’s fame, and LANSDOWNE’s fall, he sung.
      “Where were our friends, when the remorseless crew
  Of felon whigs--great LANSDOWNE’s pow’r o’erthrew?
  For neither then, within St. Stephen’s wall                    15
  Obedient WESTCOTE hail’d the Treasury-call;
  Nor treachery then had branded EDEN’s fame,
  Or taught mankind the miscreant MINCHIN’s name,
  Joyful no more (tho’ TOMMY spoke so long)
  Was high-born HOWARD’s cry, or POWNEY’s prattling tongue.      20
  Vain was thy roar, MAHON!--tho’ loud and deep;
  Not our own GILBERT could be rous’d from sleep.
  No bargain yet the tribe of PHIPPS had made:
  LANSDOWNE! you sought in vain ev’n MULGRAVE’s aid;
  MULGRAVE--at whose harsh scream in wild surprise,              25
  The _speechless_ Speaker lifts his drowsy eyes.
  Ah! hapless day! still as thy hours return,
  Let Jesuits, Jews, and sad Dissenters mourn!
  Each quack and sympathizing juggler groan,
  While bankrupt brokers echo moan for moan.                     30
  Oh! much-lov’d peer!--my patron!--model!--friend!
  How does thy alter’d state my bosom rend.
  Alas! the ways of courts are strange and dark!
  PITT scarce would make thee now-a Treasury-clerk!”
      Stung with the maddening thought, his griefs, his fears    35
  Dissolve the plaintiff councellor in tears.
  “How oft,” he cries, “has wretched LANSDOWNE said;
  _Curs’d be the toilsome hours by statesmen led!
  Oh! had kind heaven ordain’d my humbler fate
  A country gentleman’s--of small estate--                       40
  With_ Price _and_ Priestly _in some distant grove,
  Blest I had led the lowly life I love.
  Thou_, Price, _had deign’d to calculate my flocks!
  Thou_, Priestley! _sav’d them from the lightning shocks!
  Unknown the storms and tempests of the state----               45
  Unfelt the mean ambition to be great;
  In_ Bowood’s _shade had passed my peaceful days,
  Far from the town and its delusive ways;
  The crystal brook my beverage--and my food
  Hips, carnels, haws, and berries of the wood_.”                50
  “Blest peer! eternal wreaths adorn thy brow!
  Thou CINCINNATU’s of the British plough!
  But rouse again thy talents and thy zeal!
  Thy Sovereign, sure, must wish thee _Privy-seal_.
  Or, what if from the seals thou art debarr’d?                  55
  CHANDOS, at least, he might for thee discard.
  Come, LANSDOWNE! come--thy life no more thy own,
  Oh! brave again the smoke and noise of town:
  For Britain’s sake, the weight of greatness bear,
  And suffer honours thou art doom’d to wear.”                   60
  To _thee_ her Princes, lo! where India sends!
  All BENFIELD’s here--and there all HASTINGS’ friends;
  CALL--BARWELL--MIDDLETON--with heaps of gold!
  Rajahs--Nabobs--from Oude--Tanjore--Arcot--                    65
  And see!--(nor oh! disdain him!)--MAJOR SCOTT.
  Ah! give the Major but one gracious nod:
  Ev’n PITT himself once deign’d to court the squad.
  “Oh! be it _theirs_, with more than patriot heat,
  To snatch their virtues from their lov’d retreat:              70
  Drag thee reluctant to the haunts of men,
  And make the minister--Oh! God!--but when!”
    Thus mourn’d the youth--’till, sunk in pensive grief,
  He woo’d his handkerchief for soft relief.
  In either pocket either hand he threw;                         75
  When, lo!--from each, a precious tablet flew.
  This--his sage patron’s wond’rous speech on trade:
  This--his own book of sarcasms ready made.
  Tremendous book!--thou motley magazine
  Of stale severities, and pilfer’d spleen!                      80
  O! rich in ill!--within thy leaves entwin’d,
  What glittering adders lurk to sting the mind.
  Satire’s _Museum_!--with SIR ASHTON’s lore,
  The naturalist of malice eyes thy store:
  Ranging, with fell Virtû, his poisonous tribes                 85
  Of embryo sneers, and anamalcule gibes.
  Here insect puns their feeble wings expand
  To speed, in little flights, their lord’s command:
  There, in their paper chrysalis, he sees
  Specks of bon mots, and eggs of repartees.                     90
  In modern spirits ancient wit he steeps;
  If not its gloss, the reptile’s venom keeps:
  Thy quaintness’ DUNNING! but without thy sense:
  And just enough of B------t, for offence.
  On these lov’d leaves a transient glance he threw:             95
  But weighter themes his anxious thoughts pursue.
  Deep senatorial pomp intent to reach,
  With ardent eyes he hangs o’er LANSDOWNE’s speech.
  Then, loud the youth proclaims the enchanting words
  That charm’d the “noble natures” of the lords,                100
    “_Lost and obscured in_ Bowood’_s humble bow’r,
  No party tool--no candidate for pow’r--
  I come, my lords! an hermit from my cell,
  A few blunt truths in my plain style to tell.
  Highly I praise your late commercial plan;                    105
  Kingdoms should all unite--like man and man.
  The_ French _love peace--ambition they detest;
  But_ Cherburg’_s frightful works deny me rest.
  With joy I see new wealth for Britain shipp’d_,
  Lisbon’s a froward child and should be whipp’d.               110
  _Yet_ Portugal’_s our old and best ally,
  And _Gallic_ faith is but a slender tie,
  My lords! the_ manufacturer’_s a fool;
  The_ clothier, _too, knows nothing about wool;
  Their interests still demand syr constant care_;              115
  Their _griefs are_ mine--their _fears are_ my _despair.
  My lords! my soul is big with dire alarms_;
  Turks, Germans, Russians, Prussians, _all in arms!
  A noble_ Pole _(I’m proud to call him friend!)
  Tells me of things I cannot comprehend.                       120
  Your lordship’s hairs would stand on end to hear
  My last dispatches from the_ Grand Vizier.
  _The fears of_ Dantzick-merchants _can’t be told;
  Accounts from_ Cracow _make my blood run cold.
  The state of_ Portsmouth_, and of_ Plymouth Docks,            125
  _Your Trade--your Taxes--Army--Navy--Stocks--
  All haunt me in my dreams; and, when I rise,
  The bank of England scares my open eyes.
  I see--I know some dreadful storm is brewing;
  Arm all your coasts_--your navy is your ruin.                 130
  _I say it still; but (let me be believed)
  In_ this _your lordships have been much deceiv’d.
  A_ noble Duke _affirms, I like his plan:
  I never did, my lords!--I never can--
  Shame on the slanderous breath! which dares instill           135
  That I, who now condemn, advis’d the ill_.
  Plain words, _thank Heav’n! are always understood:
  I_ could _approve, I said--but not I_ wou’d.
  _Anxious to make the_ noble Duke _content,                         }
  My view was just to seem to give consent,                     140  }
  While all the world might see that nothing less was meant._”       }
    While JEKYLL thus, the rich exhaustless store
  Of LANSDOWNE’s rhetoric ponders o’er and o’er;
  And, wrapt in happier dreams of future days,
  His patron’s triumphs in his own surveys;                     145
  Admiring barristers in crouds resort
  From Figtree--Brick--Hare--Pump--and Garden court.
  Anxious they gaze--and watch with silent awe
  The motley son of politics and law.
  Meanwhile, with softest smiles and courteous bows,            150
  He, graceful bending, greets their ardent vows.
    “Thanks, generous friends,” he cries, “kind Templers, thanks!
  Tho’ now, with LANSDOWNE’s band your JEKYLL ranks,
  Think not, he wholly quits _black-letter_ cares;
  Still--still the _lawyer_ with the _statesman_ shares.”       155
    But, see!  the shades of night o’erspread the skies!
  Thick fogs and vapours from the Thames arise.
  Far different hopes our separate toils inspire:
  To _parchment_ you, and _precedent_ retire.
  With deeper bronze your darkest looks imbrown,                160
  Adjust your brows for the _demurring_ frown:
  Brood o’er the fierce _rebutters_ of the bar,
  And brave the _issue_ of the gowned war.
  Me, all unpractis’d in the bashful mood,
  Strange, novice thoughts, and alien cares delude.             165
  Yes, _modest_ Eloquence! ev’n _I_ must court
  For once, with mimic vows, thy coy support;
  Oh! would’st thou lend the semblance of my charms!
  Feign’d agitations, and assum’d alarms!
  ’Twere all I’d ask:--but for one day alone                    170
  To ape thy downcast look--my suppliant tone:
  To pause--and bow with hesitating grace--
  Here try to faulter--there a word misplace:
  Long-banish’d blushes this pale cheek to teach,
  And act the miseries of a _maiden speech_.                    175



Having, in the year seventeen hundred and seventy-six, put forth
A HISTORY OF MUSIC, in five volumes quarto (which buy),
notwithstanding my then avocations as Justice of the Peace for the
county of Middlesex and city and liberty of Westminster; I, Sir John
Hawkins, of Queen-square, Westminster, Knight, do now, being still of
sound health and understanding, esteem it my bounden duty to
step forward as Editor and Revisor of THE PROBATIONARY ODES.
My grand reason for undertaking so arduous a task is this: I do
from my soul believe that Lyric Poetry is the own, if not twin sister
of Music; wherefore, as I had before gathered together every thing
that any way relates to the one, with what consistency could I forbear
to collate the best effusions of the other?--I should premise,
that in volume the first of my quarto history, chap. i. page 7,
I lay it down as a principle never to be departed from, that, “_The
Lyre is the prototype of the fidicinal species_.” And accordingly
I have therein discussed at large, both the origin, and various
improvements of the Lyre, from the Tortoise-shell scooped and strung
by Mercury on the banks of the Nile, to the Testudo, exquisitely
polished by Terpander, and exhibited to the Ægyptian Priests.
I have added also many choice engravings of the various antique Lyres,
viz. the Lyre of Goats-horns, the Lyre of Bullshorns, the Lyre
of Shells, and the Lyre of both Shells and Horns compounded;
from all which, I flatter myself, I have indubitably proved the Lyre
to be very far superior to the shank bone of a crane, or any other
Pike, Fistula, or Calamus, either of Orpheus’s or Linus’s invention;
ay, or even the best of those pulsatile instruments, commonly known by
the denomination of the drum.

Forasmuch, therefore, as all this was finally proved and established
by my History of Music, I say, I hold it now no alien task to somewhat
turn my thoughts to the late divines specimens of Lyric Minstrelsy.
For although I may be deemed the legal guardian of MUSIC alone,
and consequently not in strictness bound to any farther duty than
that of her immediate Wardship (see Burn’s Justice, article Guardian),
yet surely, in equity and liberal feeling, I cannot but think myself
very forcibly incited to extend this tutelage to her next of kin;
in which degree I hold every individual follower of THE LYRIC MUSE,
but more especially all such part of them, as have devoted, or do
devote their strains to the celebration of those best of themes,
the reigning King and the current year; or in other words, of all
Citharistæ Regis, Versificators Coronæ, Court Poets, or as we now
term them, Poets Laureats.--Pausanias tells us, that it pleased
the God of Poets himself, by an express oracle, to order the
inhabitants of Delphi to set apart for Pindar one half of the first
fruit offerings brought by the religious to his shrine, and to allow
him a place in his temple, where, in an iron chair, he was used
to sit and sing his hymns in honour of that God. Would to heaven
that the Bench of Bishops would, in some degree, adopt this
excellent idea!--or at least that the Dean and Chapter of Westminster,
and the other Managers of the Abbey Music Meetings, would in future
allot the occasional vacancies of Madame Mara’s seat in the Cathedral
Orchestra, for the reception of the reigning Laureat, during
the performance of that favourite constitutional ballad, “May the King
live for ever!” It must be owned, however, that the Laureatship is
already a very kingly settlement; one hundred a year, together with
a tierce of Canary, or a butt of sack, are surely most princely
endowments, for the honour of literature and the advancement of
poetical genius. And hence (thank God and the King for it!) there
scarcely ever has been wanting some great and good man both willing
and able to supply so important a charge.--At one time we find that
great immortal genius, Mr. Thomas Shadwell (better known by the
names of Og and Mac Flecknoe), chanting the prerogative praises
of that blessed æra.--At a nearer period, we observe the whole force
of Colley Cibber’s genius devoted to the labours of the same
reputable employment.--And finally, in the example of a Whitehead’s
Muse, expatiating on the virtues of our gracious Sovereign, have we
not beheld the best of Poets, in the best of Verses, doing ample
justice to the best of Kings!--The fire of Lyric Poesy, the rapid
lightening of modern Pindarics, were equally required to record the
Virtues of the Stuarts, or to immortalize the Talents of a
Brunswick.--On either theme there was ample subject for the boldest
flights of inventive genius, the full scope for the most daring powers
of poetical creation; from the free, unfettered strain of liberty
in honour of Charles the First, to the kindred Genius and congenial
Talents that immortalize the Wisdom and the Worth of George the
Third.--But on no occasion has the ardour for prerogative panegyrics so
conspicuously flamed forth, as on the late election for succeeding
to Mr. Whitehead’s honours. To account for this unparalleled struggle,
let us recollect, that the ridiculous reforms of the late Parliament
having cut off many gentlemanly offices, it was a necessary
consequence that the few which were spared, became objects of rather
more emulation than usual. Besides, there is a decency and regularity
in producing at fixed and certain periods of the year, the same
settled quantity of metre on the same unalterable subjects, which
cannot fail to give a particular attraction to the Office of the
Laureatship, at a crisis like the present.--It is admitted, that we
are now in possession of much sounder judgment, and more regulated
taste, than our ancestors had any idea of; and hence, does it not
immediately follow, that the occupancy of a poetical office, which,
from its uniformity of subject and limitation of duty, precludes all
hasty extravagance of style, as well as any plurality of efforts,
is sure to be a more pleasing object than ever to gentlemen of
regular habits and a becoming degree of literary indolence? Is it not
evident too, that in compositions of this kind, all fermentation of
thought is certain in a very short time to subside and settle into
mild and gentle composition--till at length the possessors of this
grave and orderly office prepare their stipulated return of metre,
by as proportionate and gradual exertions, as many other classes of
industrious tenants provide for the due payment of their particular
rents? Surely it is not too much to say, that the business of Laureat
to his Majesty is, under such provision, to the full as ingenious,
reputable, and regular a trade, as that of Almanack Maker to the
Stationer’s Company. The contest therefore for so excellent an office,
having been warmer in the late instance than at any preceding period,
is perfectly to be accounted for; especially too at a time, when,
from nobler causes, the Soul of Genius may reasonably be supposed
to kindle into uncommon enthusiasm, at a train of new and unexampled
prodigies. In an age of Reform; beneath the mild sway of a British
Augustus; under the Ministry of a pure immaculate youth; the Temple
of Janus shut; the Trade of Otaheite open; not an angry American to
be heard of, except the Lottery Loyalists; the fine Arts in full
Glory; Sir William Chambers the Royal Architect; Lord Sydney a Cabinet
Minister!--What a golden æra!--From this auspicious moment, Peers,
Bishops, Baronets, Methodists, Members of Parliament, Chaplains,
all genuine Beaux Esprits, all legitimate heirs of Parnassus,
rush forward, with unfeigned ardour, to delight the world by the
united efforts of liberal genius and constitutional loyalty.--The
illustrious candidates assemble--the wisest of Earls sits as Judge--the
archest of Buffos becomes his assessor--the Odes are read--the election
is determined--how justly is not for us to decide. To the great
Tribunal of the public the whole of this important contest is now
submitted.--Every document that can illustrate, every testimony that
tends to support the respective merits of the Probationers, is
impartially communicated to the world of letters.--Even the Editor of
such a collection may hope for some reversionary fame from the humble,
but not inglorious task, of collecting the scattered rays of
Genius.--At the eve of a long laborious life, devoted to a sister Muse
(vide my History, printed for T. Payne and Son, at the Mews-Gate),
possibly it may not wholly appear an irregular vanity, if I sometimes
have entertained a hope, that my tomb may not want the sympathetic
record of Poetry--I avow my motive.--

It is with this expectation I appear as an Editor on the present
occasion.--The Authors whose compositions I collect for public notice
are twenty-three. The odds of survivorship, according to Doctor Price
are, that thirteen of these will outlive me, myself being in class
III. of his ingenious tables.--Surely, therefore, it is no mark of
that sanguine disposition which my enemies have been pleased to
ascribe to me, if I deem it possible that some one of the same
thirteen will requite my protection of their harmonious effusions with
a strain of elegiac gratitude, saying, possibly (pardon me, ye
Survivors that may be, for presuming to hint the thought to minds so
richly fraught as yours are) saying, I say,

  Here lies Sir John Hawkins,
  Without his shoes or stockings![1]

[1] Said Survivors are not bound to said Rhime, if not agreeable.

[The Following excellent observations on the LYRIC STYLE, have been
kindly communicated to the EDITOR by the REV. THOMAS WARTON.--They
appear to have been taken almost verbatim from several of the former
works of that ingenious author; but chiefly from his late edition
of _Milten’s Minora_. We sincerely hope, therefore, that they may
serve the double purpose of enriching the present collection, and of
attracting the public attention to that very critical work from which
they are principally extracted.]


ΩΔΗ Μολπη Carmen, Cantus, Cantilena, Chanson, Canzone, all
signify what, Anglicè, we denominate ODE--Among the Greeks, Pindar;
among the Latins, Horace; with the Italians, Petrarch; with the
French, Boileau; are the principes hujusce scientiæ--Tom Killegrew
took the lead in English Lyrics; and, indeed, till our own Mason, was
nearly unrivalled--Josephus Miller too hath penned something of
the Odaic, _inter_ his _Opera Minora_. My grandfather had a M.S. Ode
on a Gilliflower, the which, as our family had it, was an _esquisse_
of Gammer Gurton’s; and I myself have seen various Cantilenes of
Stephen Duck’s of a pure relish--Of Shadwell, time hath little
impaired the fame--Colley’s Bays rust cankereth not--Dr. Casaubon
measures the Strophe by Anapæsts--In the Polyglott, the epitrotus
primus is the metrimensura.--I venture to recommend “Waly, waly,
up the Bank,” as no bad model of the pure Trochaic--There is also a
little simple strain, commencing “Saw ye my father, saw ye my mother;”
which to my fancy, gives an excellent ratio of hendecasyllables.--Dr.
Warton indeed prefers the Adonic, as incomparably the neatest, ay, and
the newest μολπης μετρον----A notion too has prevailed, that the Black
Joke, or Μελαμφυλλαι Δαφναι is not the “Cosa deta in prosa mai, ne in
rima;” whereas the _Deva Cestrensis_, or Chevy Chase, according to Dr.
Joseph Warton, is the exemplar of

                        Trip and go,
                        Heave and hoe,
                        Up and down,
                        To and fro.

Vide Nashe’s Summer’s Last Will and Testament, 1600.

I observe that Ravishment is a favourite word with Milton, Paradise
Lost, B. V. 46. Again, B. IX. 541. Again, Com. V. 245.--Spenser has
it also in Astrophel. st. 7.--Whereof I earnestly recommend early
rising to all minor Poets, as far better than sleeping to concoct
surfeits. Vid. Apology for Smectymnuus.--For the listening to
Throstles or Thrushes, awaking the _lustless_ Sun, is an unreproved
or innocent pastime: As also are _cranks_, by which I understood
cross purposes. Vid. my Milton, 41.--“_Filling a wife with a daughter
fair_,” is not an unclassical notion (vid. my Milton, 39), if,
according to Sir Richard Brathwaite, “She had a dimpled chin,
made for love to lodge within” (vid. my Milton, 41). “While the
_cock_,” vid. the same, 44.--Indeed, “My mother said I could be no
_lad_, till I was twentye,” is a passage I notice in my Milton with a
view to this; which see; and therein also of a shepherdess, “_taking
the tale_.”--’Twere well likewise if Bards learned the Rebeck,
or Rebible, being a species of Fiddle; for it solaceth the fatigued
spirit much; though to say the truth, we have it; ’tis present death
for Fiddlers to tune their Rebecks, or Rebibles, before the great
Turk’s grace. However, _Middteton’s Game of Chess_ is good for a Poet
to peruse, having quaint phrases fitting _to be married to immortal
verse_. JOSHUA POOLE, of Clare-hall, I also recommend as an apt guide
for an alumnus of the Muse.--Joshua edited a choice Parnassus, 1657,
in the which I find many “delicious, mellow hangings” of poesy.--He
is undoubtedly a “sonorous dactylist”--and to him I add Mr. Jenner,
Proctor of the Commons, and Commissary of St. Paul’s, who is a
gentleman of indefatigable politeness in opening the Archives of a
Chapter-house for the delectation of a sound critic. _Tottell’s Songs
and Sonnets of uncertain Auctoures_ is likewise a _butful_, or
plenteous work. I conclude with assuring the Public, that my brother
remembers to have heard my father tell his (i.e. my brother’s) first
wife’s second cousin, that he, once, at Magdalen College, Oxford, had
it explained to him, that the famous passage “His reasons are as two
grains of wheat hid in two bushels of chaff,” has no sort of reference
to verbal criticism and stale quotations.


[According to the old and laudable usage of Editors, we shall now
present our Readers with the judgments of the learned concerning
our Poets.--These Testimonies, if they proceed from critical pens,
cannot fail to have due influence on all impartial observers.
They _pass_ an author from one end of the kingdom to the other,
as rapidly as the pauper Certificates of Magistracy.--Indeed,
it were much to be wished, that as we have no State Licenser of
Poetry, it might at least be made penal, to put forth rhymes without
previously producing a certain number of sureties for their goodness
and utility; which precaution, if assisted with a few other
regulations, such as requiring all Practitioners in Verse to take
out a License, in the manner of many other Dealers in Spirits, &c.
could not fail to introduce good order among this class of authors,
and also to bring in a handsome sum towards the aid of the public
revenue.--Happy indeed will be those Bards, who are supplied with
as reputable vouchers as those which are here subjoined.]

_Testimonies of Sir_ JOSEPH MAWBEY’_s good Parts for Poetry_.


“Sir JOSEPH, with the gentlest sympathy, begged me to contrive
that he should meet _Lactilla_, in her morning walk, towards the
Hot-Wells. I took the proper measures for this _tête-à-tête_ between
my two _naturals_, as I call this uneducated couple.--It succeeded
beyond my utmost hopes.--For the first ten minutes they exchanged
a world of simple observations on the different species of the brute
creation, to which each had most obligations.--Lactilla praised
her Cows--Sir Joseph his Hogs.--An artless eclogue, my dear madam,
but warm from the heart.--At last the Muse took her turn on the
_tapis_ of simple dialogue.--In an instant both kindled into all the
fervors--the delightful fervors, that are better imagined than
described.--Suffice it to relate the sequel--_Lactilla_ pocketed a
generous half-crown, and Sir Joseph was inchanted! Heavens! what would
this amiable Baronet have been, with the education of a curate?”

       _Miss Hannah More’s Letter to the Duchess of Chandos._

                    *     *     *     *     *



“In short, these poor children who are employed in sweeping our
chimnies, are not treated half so well as so many black Pigs--nor,
indeed, a hundredth part so well, where the latter have the good
fortune to belong to a benevolent master, such as Sir Joseph MAWBEY--a
man who, notwithstanding he is a bright Magistrate, a diligent Voter
in Parliament, and a chaste husband, is nevertheless author of not a
few fancies in the poetical way.”

          _Thoughts on our savage Treatment of Chimney-sweepers_.

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Testimonies in Favour of Sir_ CECIL WRAY, _Bart_.


  ALCANDER, thou’rt a God, more than a God!
  Thou’rt pride of all the Gods--thou mount’st by woes--
  Hell squeaks, Eurus and Auster shake the skies--
  Yet shall thy barge dance through the hissing wave,
  And on the foaming billows float to heaven!

                        _Epistle to Sir Cecil Wray, under the
                              Character of Alcander_.

[1] Author of 58 Tragedies, only one of which, to the disgrace
of our Theatres, has yet appeared.

                    *     *     *     *     *



“I was sitting one evening (as indeed I was wont to do when out
of cash) astride the ballustrade of Westminster-bridge, with my
favourite little dog under my arm. I had that day parted with
my diamond windmill.--Life was never very dear to me--but a
thousand thoughts then rushed into my heart, to jump this world,
and spring into eternity.--I determined that my faithful Pompey
should bear me company.--I pressed him close, and actually stretched
out, fully resolved to plunge into the stream; when, luckily
(ought I to call it so?) that charming fellow (for such he then was),
Sir Cecil WRAY, catching hold of Pompey’s tail, pulled him back,
and with him pulled back me.--In a moment I found myself in a
clean hackney-coach, drawn by grey horses, with a remarkable
civil coachman, fainting in my Cecil’s arms; and though I then
lost a little diamond pin, yet (contrary to what I hear has been
asserted) I NEVER prosecuted that gallant Baronet; who, in less
than a fortnight after, with his usual wit and genius, dispatched me
the following extempore poem:

  While you prepar’d, dear Anne, on Styx to sail--
  Lo! one dog sav’d you by another’s tail.

To which, in little more than a month, I penned, and sent the
following reply:

  You pinch’d my dog, ’tis true, and check’d my sail--
  But then my pin--ah, there you squeezed _my_ tail.

              _Ninth volume of Mrs. George Anne Bellamy’s Apology,
                        now preparing for the press_.

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Testimony of the great Parts of_ CONSTANTINE, LORD MULGRAVE,
_and his Brethren_.


“Among those who will vote for continuing the old established
number of our Session Justices, may I not count on the tribe
of Phipps.--they love good places; and I know Mulgrave is a bit
of a poet as well as myself; for I dined in company once, where he
dined that very day twelvemonth. My excellent wife, who is a true
Montgomery, and whom I like now as well as I did twenty years ago,
adores the man who felt for the maternal pangs of a whelpless bear.
For my own part, however, there is no action I more constantly
ridicule, than his Lordship’s preposterous pity for those very
sufferings which he himself occasioned, by ordering his sailors
to shoot the young bears.----But though _I_ laugh at _him_, how
handsome will it be if _he_ votes against Dundas to oblige _me_.
My disliking him and his family is no reason for his disliking me--on
the contrary, if he opposes us, is it not probable that that great
young man, whom I sincerely adore, may say, in his own lofty language,
“Mulgrave, Mulgrave, don’t vex the Scotch!--don’t provoke ’em! God
damn your ugly head!--if we don’t crouch to Bute, we shall all be
turned out; God eternally damn you for a stupid boar! I know we shall!
Pardon me, great Sir, for presuming to forge the omnipotent bolts of
your Incomparable thunder.”

        _Appendix to Mr. Baswell’s Pamphlet on the Scotch Judges._

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Testimony of_ NATHANIEL WILLIAM WRAXALL, _Esq. his great Merit._


“Since I put forth my last volume, I have read the excellent Ode
of Mr. Wraxall, and was pleased to find that bold apostrophe in
his delicious lyric,

        “Hail, Ouran Outangs! Hail, Anthropophagi!”

“My principles are now pretty universally known; but on this occasion
I will repeat them succinctly. I believe, from the bottom of my soul,
that all mankind are absolute Ouran Outangs. That the feudal tenures
are the great cause of our not retaining the perfect appearance of
Ourans--That human beings originally moved on all fours--That we
had better move in the same way again--That there has been giants
ninety feet high--That such giants ought to have moved on all
fours--That we all continue to be Ouran Outangs still--some more so,
some less--but that Nathaniel William WRAXALL, Esq. is the truest
Ouran Outang in Great Britain, and therefore ought immediately
to take to all fours, and especially to make all his motions
in Parliament in that way.”

        _Postscript to Lard Monboddo’s Ancient Metaphysics._

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Testimony of the Great Powers for Poesy, innate in_ MICHAEL ANGELO
TAYLOR, _Esq_.


I shall myself compose Mr. Taylor’s Ode----His merit I admire----his
origin I have traced.--He is descended from Mr. John Taylor, the
famous Water Poet, who with good natural talents, never proceeded
farther in education than his accidence.--John Taylor was born in
Gloucestershire.--I find that he was bound apprentice to a
Waterman--but in process of time kept a public house in Phœnix-alley,
Long-acre[1]. Read John’s modest recital of his humble culture--

  “I must confess I do want eloquence,
  And never scarce did learn my Accidence;
  For having got from Possum to Posset,
  I there was gravell’d, nor could farther get.”

John wrote fourscore books, but died in 1654. Here you have John’s

  “Here lies the Water Poet, honest John,
  Who rowed on the streams of Helicon;
  Where, having many rocks and dangers past,
  He at the haven of heav’n arrived at last.”

There is a print of John, holding an oar in one hand, and an empty
purse in the other.--Motto--_Et habeo_, meaning the oar--_Et careo_,
meaning the cash.--It is too bold a venture to predict a close analogy
’twixt _John_ and _Michael_--Sure am I,

  If Michael goeth on, as Michael hath begun,
  Michael will equal be to famous Taylor John.

I shall publish both the Taylor’s works, with the score of Michael’s
Ode, some short time hence, in as thin a quarto as my Handel’s
Commemoration, price one guinea in boards, with a view of John’s
house in Phœnix-alley, and Sir Robert’s carriage, as Sheriff of
London and Middlesex.

[1] This anecdote was majestically inserted in my manuscript copy
of Handel’s Commemoration, by that Great Personage to whose judgment
I submitted it. (I take every occasion of shewing the insertion as
a good puff.--I wish, however, the same hand had subscribed for
the book..) I did not publish any of the said alterations in that
work, reserving some of them for my edition of _The Tayloria_.

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Testimony for_ PEPPER ARDEN, _Esq.--In Answer to a Case for the
Opinion of_ GEORGE HARDINGE, _Esq. Attorney General to her Majesty._

I have perused this Ode, and find it containeth _eight hundred_
and _forty-seven_ WORDS--_two thousand one hundred_ and _four_
SYLLABLES--_four thousand three hundred_ and _forty-four_
LETTERS[1].--It is, therefore, my opinion, that said Ode is a good and
complete title to all those fees, honours, perquisites, emoluments, and
gratuities, usually annexed, adjunct to, and dependant on, the office
of Poet Laureat, late in the occupation of William Whitehead, Esq.

                                                    G. HARDINGE.

[1] See the learned Gentleman’s arithmetical Speech on the Westminster

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Testimony in Favour of Sir_ RICHARD HILL, _Bart_.



I call upon all the Privy Council, Charles Jenkinson, Mr. Bond,
and the Lord Mayor of London, to protect my person from the Popish
Spies set over me by the Cabinet of William Pitt.--On Thursday ult.
having read the Ode of my friend, Sir Richard, in a print amicable
to my Protestant Brethren, and approving it, I accordingly visited
that pious Baronet, who, if called on, will verify the same.--I then
told Sir Richard what I now repeat, that George the Third ought to
send away all Papist Ambassadors.----I joined Sir Richard, Lady Hill,
and her cousin, in an excellent hymn, turned from the 1st of Matthew,
by Sir Richard.--I hereby recommend it to the eighty Societies of
Protestants in Glasgow, knowing it to be sound orthodox truth; for
that purpose, Mr. Woodfall, I now entrust it to your special care,
conjuring you to print it, as you hope to be saved.

        Salmon begat Booz--
          Booz begat Obed--
        Obed begat Jesse, so as
          Jesse begat David.


      And I am, Sir,
        Your humble Servant,
                      GEO. GORDON.

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Testimony in Favour of_ MAJOR JOHN SCOTT’_s Poetical Talents._


_In an Extract from a private Letter to a Great Personage._

“I trust, therefore, that the rough diamonds will meet with your
favourable construction. They will be delivered by my excellent
friend, Major John Scott, who, in obedience to my orders, has taken
a seat in Parliament, and published sundry tracts on my integrity.
I can venture to recommend him as an impenetrable arguer, no man’s
propositions flowing in a more deleterious stream; no man’s
expressions so little hanging on the thread of opinion.--He has it in
command to compose the best and most magnificent Ode on your Majesty’s

  “What can I say more?”


(In the Balloon of James Sadler, Pastry-Cook to the said University)
on Friday the 20th of May, 1785, for the purpose of composing
a sublime ODE in honour of his Majesty’s Birth-day; attested
before JOHN WEYLAND, Esq. one of his Majesty’s Justices of the Peace
for the County of Oxford.[1]

It was in obedience to the advice of my brother, Dr. Joseph Warton,
that I came to a determination, on the fifth of May ult. to compose
my first Birth-day Ode, at the elevation of one mile above the earth,
in the Balloon of my ingenious friend, Mr. James Sadler, of this city.
Accordingly, having agreed for the same, at a very moderate rate
per hour (I paying all charges of inflating, and standing to repairs),
at nine in the morning, on Friday, the 28th of said month, I repaired
to Christ-church meadow, with my ballast, provisions, cat, speaking
trumpet, and other necessaries.--It was my first design to have
invited Dr. Joseph to have ascended with me; but apprehending the
malicious construction that might follow on this, as if, forsooth,
my intended ode was to be a joint production, I e’en made up my mind
to mount alone.--My provisions principally consisted of a small pot
of stewed prunes, and half of a plain diet-bread cake, both prepared,
and kindly presented to me, by the same ingenious hand which had
fabricated the Balloon. I had also a small subsidiary stock, viz.
a loaf of Sandwiches, three bottles of old ale, a pint of brandy,
a sallad ready mixed, a roll of collared eel, a cold goose, six
damson tartlets, a few china oranges, and a roasted pig of the
Chinese breed; together with a small light barometer, and a proper
store of writing utensils; but no note, memorandum, nor loose hint
of any kind, so help me God!----My ascension was majestic, to an
uncommon degree of tardiness. I was soon constrained, therefore,
to lighten my Balloon, by throwing out some part of my ballast,
which consisted of my own History of Poetry, my late edition of
Milton’s Minora, my Miscellaneous Verses, Odes, Sonnets, Elegies,
Inscriptions, Monodies, and Complaints; my Observations on Spencer,
the King’s last Speech, and Lord Montmorres’s pamphlet on the
Irish Resolutions. On throwing out his Lordship’s Essay, the Balloon
sprang up surprisingly; but the weight of my provisions still
retarding the elevation, I was fain to part with both volumes of
my Spencer, and all of my last edition of Poems, except those that
are marked with an asterisk, as never before printed: which very
quickly accelerated my ascension. I now found the barometer had
fallen four inches and six lines, in eight minutes.--In less than
eleven minutes after I had ascended very considerably indeed,
the barometer having then fallen near seventeen inches; and presently
after I entered a thick black cloud, which I have since found
rendered me wholly obscured to all observation. In this situation.
I lost no time to begin my Ode; and, accordingly, in the course
of twenty-five minutes, I produced the very lines which now commence
it. The judicious critic will notice, that absence of the plain
and trite style which mark the passage I refer to; nor am I so
uncandid to deny the powerful efficacy of mist, darkness, and
obscurity, on the sublime and mysterious topics I there touch on--It
cannot fail also to strike the intelligent observer, that the
expression so much commented on, of “_No echoing car_,” was obviously
suggested by that very car in which I myself was then seated--Finding,
however, that, together with the increased density of the
overshadowing cloud, the coldness also was proportionally increased,
so as at one time to freeze my ink completely over for near twenty
minutes, I thought it prudent, by means of opening the valve at the
vortex of my Balloon, to emit part of the ascending power. This
occasioned a proportioned descent very speedily: but I must not
overlook a phænomenon which had previously occurred.----It was this:
on a sudden the nibs of all my pens (and I took up forty-eight, in
compliment to the number of my Sovereign’s years) as if attracted by
the polar power, pointed upwards, each pen erecting itself
perpendicular, and resting on the point of its feather: I found also,
to my no small surprize, that during the whole of this period, every
one of my letters was actually cut topsy-turvy-wise; which I the
rather mention, to account for any appearance of a correspondent
inversion in the course of my ideas at that period.

On getting nearer the earth, the appearances I have described
altogether ceased, and I instantly penned the second division of
my Ode; I mean that which states his most excellent Majesty to be
the patron of the fine arts. But here (for which I am totally at
a loss to account) I found myself descending so very rapidly, that
even after I had thrown out not only two volumes of my History
of Poetry, but also a considerable portion of my pig, I struck,
nevertheless, with such violence on the weather-cock of a church,
that unless I had immediately parted with the remainder of my ballast,
excepting only his Majesty’s Speech, one pen, the paper of my Ode,
and a small ink-bottle, I must infallibly have been a-ground.
Fortunately, by so rapid a discharge, I procured a quick re-ascension;
when immediately, though much pinched with the cold, the mercury
having suddenly fallen twenty-two inches, I set about my concluding
stanza, viz. that which treats of his Majesty’s most excellent
chastity. And here I lay my claim to the indulgence of the critics
to that part of my ode; for what with the shock I had received
in striking on the weather-cock, and the effect of the prunes
which I had now nearly exhausted, on a sudden I found myself
very much disordered indeed. Candour required my just touching
on this circumstance; but delicacy must veil the particulars
in eternal oblivion. At length, having completed the great object
of my ascent, I now re-opened the valve, and descended with great
rapidity. They only who have travelled in Balloons, can imagine
the sincere joy of my heart, at perceiving Dr. Joseph cantering up
a turnip-field, near Kidlington Common, where I landed exactly at
a quarter after two o’clock; having, from my first elevation,
completed the period of five hours and fifteen minutes; four of
which, with the fraction of ten seconds, were entirely devoted to
my Ode.--Dr. Joseph quite hugged me in his arms, and kindly lent me
a second wig (my own being thrown over at the time of my striking),
which, with his usual precaution, he had brought in his pocket,
in case of accidents. I take this occasion also to pay my thanks
to Thomas Gore, Esq. for some excellent milk-punch, which he
directed his butler to furnish me with most opportunely; and which
I then thought the most solacing beverage I ever had regaled withal.
Dr Joseph and myself reached Oxford in the Dilly by five in the
evening, the populace most handsomely taking off the horses for
something more than the last half mile, in honour of the first
Literary Areonaut of these kingdoms--

    _As witness my hand this 22d of May, 1785_, THOMAS WARTON.


_County of Oxford to wit, 22nd of May, 1785._
This is to certify, to all whom it may concern, That the aforesaid
Thomas and Joseph Warton came before me, one of his Majesty’s
Justices of the Peace for the said county, and did solemnly make
oath to the truth of the above case.
                              Sworn before me, JOHN + WEYLAND.

[1] It cannot fail to attract the Reader’s particular attention
to this very curious piece, to inform him, that Signor Delpini’s
decision, in favour of Mr. Warton, was chiefly grounded on the new
and extraordinary style of writing herein attested.


On the demise of the late excellent Bard, William Whitehead, Esq.
Poet Laureat to his Majesty, it was decidedly the opinion of
his Majesty’s great superintendant Minister, that the said office
should be forthwith declared elective, and in future continue so;
in order as well to provide the ablest successor on the present
melancholy occasion, as also to secure a due preference to superior
talents, upon all future vacancies: it was in consequence of this
determination, that the following Public Notice issued from the
Lord Chamberlain’s Office, and became the immediate cause of the
celebrated contest that is recorded in these pages.

                    *     *     *     *     *

_Lord Chamberlain’s Office, April 26._

In order to administer strict and impartial justice to the numerous
candidates for the vacant POET LAUREATSHIP, many of whom are of
illustrious birth, and high character,

Notice is hereby given, That the same form will be attended to
in receiving the names of the said Candidates, which is invariably
observed in registering the Court Dancers. The list to be finally
closed on Friday evening next.

Each Candidate is expected to deliver in a PROBATIONARY BIRTH-DAY ODE,
with his name, and also personally to appear on a future day, to
recite the same before such literary judges as the Lord Chamberlain,
in his wisdom, may appoint.

                    *     *     *     *     *


[The following Account, though modestly stiled a _Hasty Sketch_,
according to the known delicacy of the Editorial Style, is in fact
_A Report_, evidently penned by the hand of a Master.]

HASTY SKETCH _of Wednesday’s Business at the_ LORD CHAMBERLAIN’S

In consequence of the late general notice, given by public
advertisement, of an _open election_ for the vacant office of _Poet
Laureat_ to their Majesties, on the terms of Probationary
Compositions, a considerable number of the most eminent characters in
the fashionable world assembled at the _Lord Chamberlain’s Office_,
Stable-yard, St. James’s, on Wednesday last, between the hours of
twelve and two, when Mr. _Ramus_ was immediately dispatched to Lord
Salisbury’s, acquainting his Lordship therewith, and soliciting his
attendance to receive the several candidates, and admit their
respective tenders. His Lordship arriving in a short time after, the
following Noblemen and Gentlemen were immediately presented to his
Lordship by _John Calvert, Jun. Esq._ in quality of Secretary to the
office. _James Eley, Esq._ and Mr. _Samuel Betty_, attended also as
first and second Clerk, the following list of candidates was made out
forthwith, and duly entered on the roll, as a preliminary record to
the subsequent proceedings.

The Right Rev. Dr. William Markham, Lord Archbishop of York.
The Right Hon. Edward, Lord Thurlow, Lord High Chancellor of Great
The Most Noble James, Marquis of Graham.
The Right Hon. Harvey Redmond, Visc. Montmorres, of the kingdom of
The Right Hon. Constantine, Lord Mulgrave, ditto.
The Right Hon. Henry Dundas.
Sir George Howard, K.B.
Sir Cecil Wray, Baronet.
Sir Joseph Mawbey, ditto.
Sir Richard Hill, ditto.
Sir Gregory Page Turner, ditto.
The Rev. William Mason, B.D.
The Rev. Thomas Warton, B.D.
The Rev. George Prettyman, D.D.
The Rev, Joseph Warton, D.D.
Pepper Arden, Esq. Attorney-General to his Majesty.
Michael Angelo Taylor, Esq. M.P.
James M‘Pherson, Esq. ditto.
Major John Scott, ditto.
Nath. William Wraxhall, Esq. ditto.
Mons. Le Mesurier, Membre du Parlement d’Angleterre.

The several candidates having taken their places at a table provided
for the occasion, the Lord Chamberlain, in the politest manner,
signified his wish that each candidate would forthwith recite some
sample of his poetry as he came provided with for the occasion;
at the same time most modestly confessing his own inexperience
in all such matters, and intreating their acquiescence therefore
in his appointment of his friend _Mr. Delpini_, of the Hay-Market
Theatre, as an active and able assessor on so important an occasion.
Accordingly, _Mr. Delpini_ being immediately introduced, the several
candidates proceeded to recite their compositions, according to
their rank and precedence in the above list--both his Lordship and
his assessor attended throughout the whole of the readings with
the profoundest respect, and taking no refreshment whatsoever,
except some China oranges and biscuit, which were also handed about
to the company by _Mr. John Secker_, Clerk of the Houshold, and
_Mr. William Wise_, Groom of the Buttery.

At half after five, the readings being completed, his Lordship and
_Mr. Delpini_ retired to an adjoining chamber; _Mrs. Elizabeth Dyer_,
Keeper of the Butter and Egg Office, and _Mr. John Hook_, Deliverer
of Greens, being admitted to the candidates with several other
refreshments suitable to the fatigue of the day. Two Yeomen of
the Mouth and a Turn-broacher attended likewise; and indeed every
exertion was made to conduct the little occasional repast that
followed with the utmost decency and convenience; the whole being
at the expence of the Crown, notwithstanding every effort to the
contrary on the part of _Mr. Gilbert_.

At length the awful moment arrived, when the _detur digniori_ was
finally to be pronounced on the busy labours of the day--never
did Lord Salisbury appear to greater advantage--never did his
assessor more amusingly console the discomfitures of the failing
candidates--every thing that was affable, every thing that was
mollifying, was ably expressed by both the judges; but poetical
ambition is not easily allayed. When the fatal _fiat_ was announced
in favour of the Rev. Thomas Warton, a general gloom overspread
the whole society--a still and awful silence long prevailed.
At length Sir Cecil Wray started up, and emphatically pronounced
_a scrutiny! a scrutiny!_--A shout of applause succeeded--in vain
did the incomparable Buffo introduce his most comic gestures--in
vain was his admirable leg pointed horizontally at every head in
the room--a scrutiny was demanded--and a scrutiny was granted.
In a word, the Lord Chamberlain declared his readiness to submit
the productions of the day to the inspection of the public, reserving
nevertheless to himself and his assessor, the full power of annulling
or establishing the sentence already pronounced. It is in consequence
of the above direction, that we shall now give the public the said
PROBATIONARY VERSES, commencing with those, however, which are the
production of such of the candidates as most vehemently insisted
on the right of appeal, conceiving such priority to be injustice
granted to the persons whose public spirit has given so lucky a
turn to this poetical election. According to the above order, the
first composition that we lay before the public is the following:--




The SPELLING by Mr. GROJAN, _Attorney at Law._

    HARK! hark!--hip! hip!--hoh! hoh!
      What a mort of bards are a-singing!
      I’m sure there’s a dozen a dinging!
    I hear sweet Shells, loud Harps, large Lyres--
    Some, I trow, are tun’d by Squires--
  Some by Priests, and some by Lords!--while Joe and I
  Our _bloody hands_, hoist up, like meteors, on high!
      Yes, _Joe_ and I
      Are em’lous--Why?
  It is because, great CÆSAR, you are clever--
  Therefore we’d sing of you for ever!
      God save the King!
    Smile then, CÆSAR, smile on _Wray_!
    Crown at last his _poll_ with bay!----
    Come, oh! bay, and with thee bring
    Salary, illustrious thing!----
    Laurels vain of Covent-garden,
    I don’t value you a farding!----
      Let sack my soul cheer
      For ’tis sick of small beer!
  CÆSAR! CÆSAR! give it--do!
  Great CÆSAR giv’t all, for my Muse ’doreth you!--
    Oh fairest of the Heavenly Nine,
    Enchanting _Syntax_, Muse divine!
    Whether on _Phœbus_’ hoary head,
    By blue-ey’d _Rhadamanthus_ led,
    Or with young _Helicon_ you stray,
    Where mad _Parnassus_ points the way;--
    Goddess of _Elizium_’s hill,
    Descend upon my _Pæan_’s quill.----
    The light Nymph hears--no more
    By _Pegasus_’ meand’ring shore,
    _Ambrosia_ playful boy,
    Plumbs her _jene scai quoi!_----
      I mount!--I mount!--
    I’m half a _Lark_--I’m half an _Eagle_!
      Twelve stars I count----
    I see their dam-- she is a _Beagle_!
      Ye Royal little ones,
      I love your flesh and bones--
  You are an arch, rear’d with immortal stones!
    _Hibernia_ strikes his harp!
    Shuttle, fly!--woof! wed! warp!
    Far, far, from me and you,
    In latitude North 52.--
      Rebellion’s hush’d,
      The merchant’s flush’d;--
  Hail, awful _Brunswick, Saxe-Gotha_, hail!
  Not _George_, but _Louis_, now shall turn his tail!
    Thus, I a-far from mad debate,
      Like an old wren,
      With my good hen,
      Or a young gander,
      Am a by-stander,
  To all the peacock pride, and vain regards of state!--
      Yet if the laurel _prize_,
      Dearer than my eyes,
      Curs’d _Warton_ tries
      For to surprize,
    By the eternal God I’ll SCRUTINIZE!





      O for a Muse of Fire,
  With blazing thumbs to touch my torpid lyre!
  Now in the darksome regions round the Pole,
    Tigers fierce, and Lions bold,
  With wild affright would see the snow-hills roll,
  Their sharp teeth chattering with the cold--
    But that Lions dwell not there----
  Nor beast, nor Christian--none but the _White Bear!_
  The White Bear howls amid the tempest’s roar,
  And list’ning Whales swim headlong from the shore!


    Farewel awhile, ye summer breezes!
      What is the life of man?
        A span!
    Sometimes it thaws, sometimes it freezes,
        Just as it pleases!
  If Heaven decrees, fierce whirlwinds rend the air,
      And then again (behold!) ’tis fair!
  Thus peace and war on earth alternate reign:
    Auspicious GEORGE, thy powerful word
  Gives peace to France and Spain,
    And sheaths the martial sword!


    And now gay Hope, her anchor dropping,
  And blue-ey’d Peace, and black-ey’d Pleasures,
    And Plenty in light cadence hopping,
  Fain would dance to WHITEHEAD’s measures.
    But WHITEHEAD now in death reposes,
    Crown’d with laurel! crown’d with roses!
  Yet we, with laurel crown’d, his dirge will sing,
  And thus deserve fresh laurels from the KING.





    HARK!--to yon heavenly skies,
  Nature’s congenial perfumes upwards rise!
      From each throng’d stye
      That saw my gladsome eye,
  Incense, quite smoking hot, arose,
  And caught my _seven sweet senses_--by the _nose_!

AIR--_accompanied by the_ LEARNED PIG.

      Tell me, dear Muse, oh! tell me, pray,
      Why JOEY’s fancy frisks so gay;
  Is it!--you slut it is--some _holy--holiday!_
          [_Here Muse Whispers I,--Sir Joseph._]
      Indeed!--Repeat the fragrant sound!
      Push love, and loyalty around,
  Through _Irish_, _Scotch_, as well as _British_ ground!


      For this BIG MORN
      GREAT GEORGE was born!
    The tidings all the Poles shall ring!
      Due homage will I pay,
      On this, thy native day,
  GEORGE, _by the grace of God, my rightful_ KING!

AIR--_with Lutes._

    Well might my dear lady say,
    As lamb-like by her side I lay,
    This very, very morn;
      Hark! JOEY, hark!
      I hear the lark,
  Or else it is--the sweet _Sowgelder_’s horn!


  Forth, from their styes, the bristly victims lead;
  A score of HOGS, flat on their backs, shall bleed.
  Mind they be such on which good Gods might feast!
      And that
      In lily fat
  They cut six inches on the ribs, at least!

DUET--_with Marrow-bones and Cleavers._

    _Butcher_ and _Cook_ begin!
    We’ll have a royal greasy chin!
    Tit bits so nice and rare--
      Prepare! prepare!
      Let none abstain,
  I’ll give ’em pork in plenty--cut, and come again!


  Hog! Porker! Roaster! Boar-stag! Barbicue!
  Cheeks! Chines! Crow! Chitterlings! and Harselet new!
  Springs! Spare-ribs! Sausages! Sous’d-lugs! and Face!
  With piping-hot Pease-pudding--plenteous place!
  Hands! Hocks! Hams! Haggis, with high seas’ning fill’d!
  Gammons! Green Griskins! on gridirons grill’d!
  Liver and Lights! from Plucks that moment drawn
  Pigs’ Puddings! Black and White! with Canterbury Brawn!--


                Fall too,
              Ye Royal crew!
        Eat! Eat your bellies full! pray do!
            At treats I never winces:--
                The Queen shall say,
                Once in a way,
  Her maids have been well cramm’d--her young ones din’d like Princes!

FULL CHORUS--_accompanied by the whole_ HOGGERY.

          For this BIG MORN
          GREAT GEORGE was born!
        The tidings all the Poles shall ring!
            Due homage will I pay,
            On this, thy native day,
  GEORGE! _by the grace of God, my rightful_ KING!!!!




  Hail, pious Muse of saintly love,
    Unmix’d, unstain’d with earthly dross!
  Hail Muse of _Methodism_, above
    The Royal Mews at Charing-cross!
      Behold both hands I raise;
      Behold both knees I bend;
      Behold both eye-balls gaze!
      Quick, Muse, descend, descend!
  Meek Muse of _Madan_, thee my soul invokes--
  Oh point my pious puns! oh sanctify my jokes!


      Descend, and, oh! in mem’ry keep--
      There’s a time to wake--a time to sleep--
      A time to laugh-a time to cry!
      The _Bible_ says so--so do I!--
      Then broad awake, oh, come to me!
      And thou my _Eastern star_ shalt be!


      MILLER, bard of deathless name,
      MOSES, wag of merry fame;
      Holy, holy, holy pair,
      Harken to your vot’ry’s pray’r!
      Grant, that like Solomon’s of old,
      My faith be still in _Proverbs_ told;
      Like his, let my religion be
      Conundrums of divinity.
    And oh! to mine, let each strong charm belong,
    That breathes salacious in the _wise man_’s song;
      And thou, sweet bard, for ever dear
      To each impassioned love-fraught ear,
      Soft, luxuriant ROCHESTER;
      Descend, and ev’ry tint bestow,
      That gives to phrase its ardent glow;
      From thee, thy willing _Hill_ shall learn
      Thoughts that melt, and words that burn:
  Then smile, oh, gracious, smile on this petition!
    So _Solomon_, gay _Wilmot_ join’d with thee,
    Shall shew the world that such a thing can be
  As, strange to tell!--_a virtuous Coalition!_


    Thou too, thou dread and awful shade
    Of dear departed WILL WHITEHEAD,
    Look through the blue ætherial skies,
    And view me with propitious eyes!
    Whether thou most delight’st to loll
    On _Sion_’s top, or near the _Pole_!
    Bend from thy _mountains_, and remember still
    The wants and wishes of a lesser _Hill_!
    Then, like _Elijah_, fled to realms above,
  To me, thy friend, bequeath my hallow’d cloak,
    And by its virtue Richard may improve,
  And in _thy habit_ preach, and pun, and joke!
  _The Lord doth give--The Lord doth take away._--
    Then good _Lord Sal’sbury_ attend to me--
  Banish these sons of _Belial_ in dismay;
    And give the praise to a true _Pharisee_:
  For sure of all the _scribes_ that Israel curst,
  These _scribes_ poetic are by far the worst.
  To thee, my _Samson_, unto thee I call----
  Exert thy _jaw_--and straight disperse them all--
  So, as in former times, the _Philistines_ shall fall!
      Then as ’twas th’ beginning,
        So to th’ end ’t shall be;
      My Muse will ne’er leave singing
        The LORD of SAL’SBURY!!!




    Does the wind touch thee, O HARP?
    Or is it some passing Ghost?
      Is is thy hand,
    Spirit of the departed _Scrutiny_?
  Bring me the harp, pride of CHATHAM!
      Snow is on thy bosom,
      Maid of the modest eye!
        A song shall rise!
    Every soul shall depart at the sound!!!
  The wither’d thistle shall crown my head!!!
      I behold thee, O King!
    I behold thee sitting on mist!!!
    Thy form is like a watery cloud,
    Singing in the deep like an oyster!!!!
  Thy face is like the beams of the setting moon!
    Thy eyes are of two decaying flames!
    Thy nose is like the spear of ROLLO!!!
    Thy ears are like three bossy shields!!!
    Strangers shall rejoice at thy chin!
  The ghosts of dead Tories shall hear me
    In their airy hall!
  The wither’d thistle shall crown my head!
    Bring me the Harp,
    Son of CHATHAM!
  But thou, O King! give me the Laurel!


[Though the following _Ossianade_ does not immediately come under
the description of a _Probationary Ode_, yet as it appertains to
the nomination of the _Laureat_, we class it under the same head.
We must at the same time compliment Mr. _Macpherson_ for his spirited
address to Lord Salisbury on the subject. The following is a copy
of his letter:]


I take the liberty to address myself immediately to your Lordship,
in vindication of my poetical character, which, I am informed,
is most illiberally attacked by the Foreign Gentleman, whom your
Lordship has thought proper to select as an assessor on the present
scrutiny for the office of Poet Laureat to his Majesty. Signor Delpini
is certainly below my notice--but I understand his objections to
my _Probationary Ode_ are two;--first, its conciseness; and next,
its being in _prose_. For the present, I shall wave all discussion
of these frivolous remarks; begging leave, however, to solicit
your Lordship’s protection to the following _Supplemental Ode_, which,
I hope, both from its _quantity_ and its _style_, will most
effectually do away the paltry, insidious attack of an uninformed
reviler, who is equally ignorant of British Poetry and of British

    I have the honour to be,
            My Lord,
    Your Lordship’s most obedient,
        and faithful servant,
            J. MACPHERSON.



Hark! ’Tis the dismal sound that echoes on thy roofs, O _Cornwall_;
Hail! double-face sage! Thou worthy son of the chair-borne _Fletcher_!
The Great Council is met to fix the seats of the chosen Chief;
their voices resound in the gloomy hall of Rufus, like the roaring
winds of the cavern--Loud were the cries for _Rays_, but thy voice,
O _Foxan_, rendered the walls like the torrent that gusheth from
the Mountain-side. _Cornwall_ leaped from his throne and screamed--the
friends of _Gwelfo_ hung their heads--How were the mighty fallen! Lift
up thy face, _Dundasso_, like the brazen shield of thy chieftain! Thou
art bold to confront disgrace, and shame is unknown to thy brow--but
tender is the youth of thy leader; who droopeth his head like a faded
lily--leave not _Pitto_ in the day of defeat, when the Chiefs of the
Counties fly from him like the herd from the galled Deer.--The friends
of _Pitto_ are fled. He is alone--he layeth himself down in despair,
and sleep knitteth up his brow.--Soft were his dreams on the green
bench--Lo! the spirit of _Jenky_ arose, pale as the mist of the
morn--twisted was his long lank form--his eyes winked as he whispered
to the child in the cradle. Rise, he sayeth--arise bright babe of the
dark closet! the shadow of the Throne shall cover thee, like wings of
a hen, sweet chicken of the Back-stair brood! Heed not the Thanes of
the Counties; they have fled from thee, like Cackling Geese from the
hard-bitten Fox: but will they not rally and return to the charge? Let
the host of the King be numbered; they are as the sands of the barren
shore.--There Is _Powno_, who followeth his mighty leader, and chaceth
the stall-fed stag all day on the dusty road.--There is _Howard_,
great in arms, with the beaming star on his spreading breast.--Red is
the scarf that waves over his ample shoulders--Gigantic are his strides
on the terrace, in pursuit of the Royal footsteps of lofty _Georgio_.

No more will I number the flitting shades of Jenky; for behold the
potent spirit of the black-browed _Jacko_.--’Tis the _Ratten Robinso_,
who worketh the works of darkness! Hither I come, said _Ratten_--Like
the mole of the earth, deep caverns have been my resting place;
the ground _Rats_ are my food.--Secret minion of the Crown, raise
thy soul! Droop not at the spirit of _Foxan_. Great are thy foes
in the sight of the many-tongued war.--Shake not they knees, like
the leaves of the Aspen on the misty hill--the doors of the stairs
in the postern are locked; the voice of thy foes is as the wind,
which whistleth through the vale; it passeth away like the swift
cloud of the night.

The breath of _Gwelfo_ stilleth the stormy seas.----Whilst thou
breathest the breath of his nostrils, thou shalt live for ever.
Firm standeth thy heel in the Hall of thy Lord. Mighty art thou in
the sight of _Gwelfo_, illustrious leader of the friends of _Gwelfo_!
great art thou, O lovely imp of the interior closet! O lovely Guardian
of the Royal Junto!


MR. MASON having laid aside the more noble subject for a Probationary
Ode, viz. the Parliamentary Reform, upon finding that the Rev. Mr.
_Wyvil_ had already made a considerable progress in it, has adopted
the following.--The argument is simple and interesting, adapted either
to the harp of _Pindar_, or the reed of Theocritus_,_ and as proper
for the 4th of June, as any day of the year.

It is almost needless to inform the public, that the University of
Oxford has earnestly longed for a visit from their Sovereign, and,
in order to obtain this honour without the fatigue of forms and
ceremonies, they have privately desired the Master of the Staghounds,
upon turning the stag out of the cart, to set his head in as straight
a line as possible, by the map, towards Oxford:--which probably,
on some auspicious day, will bring the Royal Hunt to the walls
of that city. This expedient, conceived in so much wisdom, as well
as loyalty, makes the subject of the following,



  O! green-rob’d Goddess of the hallow’d shade,
    Daughter of Jove, to whom of yore
    Thee, lovely maid, _Latona_ bore,
  Chaste virgin, Empress of the silent glade!
    Where shall I woo thee?--Ere the dawn,
    While still the dewy tissue of the lawn
      Quivering spangles to the eye,
    And fills the soul with Nature’s harmony!
  Or ’mid that murky grove’s monastic night,
    The tangling net-work of the woodbine’s gloom,
    Each zephyr pregnant with perfume----
  Or near that delving dale, or mossy mountain’s height,
    When _Neptune_ struck the scientific ground.

      From _Attica_’s deep-heaving side,
    Why did the prancing horse rebound,
    Snorting, neighing all around,
  With thund’ring feet and flashing eyes--
      Unless to shew how near allied
  Bright science is to exercise!

  If then the _horse_ to wisdom is a friend,
    Why not the _hound_? why not the _horn_?
    While low beneath the furrow sleeps the corn,
  Nor yet in tawny vests delight to bend!
      For Jove himself decreed,
    That DIAN, with her sandal’d feet,
    White ankled Goddess pure and fleet,
      Should with every Dryad lead,
    By jovial cry o’er distant plain,
  To _England_’s Athens, _Brunswick_’s sylvan train!

    _Diana_, Goddess all discerning!
    _Hunting_ is a friend to learning!
      If the stag, with hairy nose,
    In Autumn ne’er had thought of love!
      No buck with swollen throat the does
    With dappled sides had tryed to move----
      Ne’er had _England_’s King, I ween,
      The Muse’s seat, fair _Oxford_, seen.

      Hunting, thus, is learning’s friend!
      No longer, Virgin Goddess, bend
        O’er _Endymion_’s roseate breast;----
      No longer, vine-like, chastly twine
      Round his milk-white limbs divine!----
        Your brother’s car rolls down the east--
      The laughing hours bespeak the day!
      With flowery wreaths they strew the way!
        Kings of sleep! ye mortal race!
    For _George_ with _Dian_ ’gins the Royal chace!

    Visions of bliss, you tear my aching sight,
      Spare, O spare your poet’s eyes!
    See every gate-way trembles with delight,
      Streams of glory streak the skies:
        How each College sounds,
        With the cry of the hounds!
      How _Peckwater_ merrily rings;
      Founders, Prelates, Queens, and Kings--
      All have had your hunting-day!--
      From the dark tomb then break away!
    Ah! see they rush to _Friar Bacon_’s tower,
    Great _George_ to greet, and hail his natal hour!

    _Radcliffe_ and _Wolsey_, hand in hand,
    Sweet gentle shades, there take their stand
      With _Pomfret_’s learned dame;
    And _Bodely_ join’d by Clarendon,
    With loyal zeal together run,
      Just arbiters of fame!

    That fringed cloud sure this way bends--
    From it a form divine descends--
    _Minerva_’s self;--and in her rear
    A thousand saddled steads appear!
    On each she mounts a learned son,
      Professor, Chancellor, or Dean;
    All by hunting madness won,
      All in _Dian_’s livery seen.
    How they despise the tim’rous _Hare_!
    Give us, they cry, the furious _Bear_!
    To chase the Lion, how they long,
    Th’ _Rhinoceros_ tall, and _Tyger_ strong.
        Hunting thus is learning’s prop,
        Then may hunting never drop;
    And thus an hundred _Birth-Days_ more,
  Shall Heav’n to _George_ afford from its capacious shore.




  _Indite_, my Muse!--_indite! subpœna’d_ is thy lyre!
  The praises to _record_, which _rules of Court_ require!
    ’Tis thou, O _Clio_! Muse divine,
    And best of all the _Council_ Nine,
  Must _plead_ my _cause_!--Great HATFIELD’S CECIL bids me sing------
  The tallest, fittest man, to walk before the King!

  Of _Sal’sbury’s Earls_ the First (so tells th’ historic page)
  ’Twas Nature’s will to make most wonderfully sage;
    But then, as if too liberal to his mind,
    She made him crook’d before, and crook’d behind[1].
  ’Tis not, thank Heav’n! my _Cecil_, so with thee;
    Thou last of Cecils, but unlike the first;--
  Thy body bears no mark’d deformity;----
    The Gods _decreed_, and _judgment was revers’d!_
  For veins of Science are like veins of gold!
    Pure, for a time, they run;
    They end as they begun--
  Alas! in nothing but a heap of mould!

    Shall I by eloquence controul,
    Or _challenge_ send to mighty ROLLE,
      Whene’er on Peers he vents his gall?
    Uplift my hands to pull his nose,
    And twist and pinch it till it grows,
      Like mine, aside, and small?
    Say, by what _process_ may I once obtain
    A _verdict_, Lord, not let me _sue_ in vain!
      In Commons, and in _Courts_ below,
        My _actions_ have been try’d;--
      There _Clients_ who pay most, _you know_,
        _Retain_ the strongest side!
  True to these _terms_, I preach’d in politics for _Pitt_,
  And _Kenyon’s law_ maintain’d against his Sovereign’s _writ_.
      What though my father be a porpus,
      He may be mov’d by _Habeas Corpus_--
        Or by a _call_, whene’er the State
        Or _Pitt_ requires his vote and weight--
        I tender _bail_ for Bottle’s _warm_ support,
    Of all the plans of Ministers and Court!

  And Oh! should _Mrs. Arden_ bless me with a child,
  A lovely boy, as beauteous as myself and mild;
    The little _Pepper_ would some caudle lack:
      Then think of _Arden_’s wife,
      My pretty _Plaintiff_’s life,
    The best of caudle’s made of best of sack!
      Let thy _decree_
      But favour me,
    My _bills_ and _briefs_, _rebutters_ and _detainers_,
      To _Archy_ I’ll resign
      Without a _fee_ or _fine_,
    _Attachments_, _replications_, and _retainers_!
        To _Juries, Bench, Exchequer, Seals_,
      To _Chanc’ry Court_, and _Lords_, I’ll bid adieu;
        No more _demurrers_ nor _appeals_;----
      My _writs of error_ shall be _judg’d_ by you.

  And if perchance great _Doctor Arnold_ should retire,
  Fatigu’d with all the troubles of St. James’s Choir;
  My Odes two merits shall unite;
  [2]BEARCROFT, my friend,
  His aid will lend,
  And set to music all I write;
  Let me then, Chamberlain without a _flaw_,
  For June the fourth prepare,
  The praises of the King
  In _legal lays_ to sing,
  Until they rend the air,
  And _prove_ my equal fame in _poesy_ and law!

[1] Rapin observes, that Robert Cecil, the first Earl of Salisbury,
was of a great genius; and though crooked before and behind,
Nature supplied that defect with noble endowments of mind.

[2] This Gentleman is a great performer upon the Piano Forte,
as well as the Speaking Trumpet and Jews’ Harp.




  MURRAIN seize the House of Commons!
    Hoarse catarrh their windpipes shake!
  Who, deaf to travell’d Learning’s summons,
    Rudely cough’d whene’er I spake!
  _North_, nor _Fox_’s thund’ring course,
  Nor e’en the Speaker, tyrant, shall have force
  To save thy walls from nightly breaches,
  From _Wraxhall_’s votes, from _Wraxhall_’s speeches,
    _Geography_, terraqueous maid,
    Descend from globes to statesmen’s aid!
    Again to heedless crouds unfold
    Truths unheard, tho’ not untold:
  Come, and once more unlock this vasty world--
  Nations attend! the _map_ of _Earth_’s unfurl’d!

    Begin the song, from where the Rhine,
      The Elbe, the Danube, Weser rolls----
    _Joseph_, nine circles, forty seas are thine----
      Thine, twenty millions souls----
    Upon a marish flat and dank
      States, Six and One,
    Dam the dykes, the seas embank,
      Maugre the Don!
  A gridiron’s form the proud Escurial rears,
    While South of Vincent’s Cape anchovies glide:
    But, ah! o’er Tagus, once auriferous tide,
  A priest-rid Queen, Braganza’s sceptre bears----
  Hard fate! that Lisbon’s Diet-drink is known
  To cure each crazy _constitution_ but her own!

    I burn! I burn! I glow! I glow!
      With antique and with modern lore!
    I rush from Bosphorus to Po--
      To Nilus from the Nore.
    Why were thy Pyramids, O Egypt! rais’d,
    But to be measur’d, and be prais’d?
    Avaunt, ye Crocodiles! your threats are vain!
      On Norway’s seas, my soul, unshaken,
      Brav’d the Sea-Snake and the Craken!
    And shall I heed the River’s scaly train?
      Afric, I scorn thy Alligator band!
        Quadrant in hand
        I take my stand,
      And eye thy moss-clad needle, Cleopatra grand!
  O, that great Pompey’s pillar were my own!
  Eighty-eight feet the shaft, and all one stone!
      But hail, ye lost Athenians!
      Hail also, ye Armenians!
  Hail once, ye Greeks, ye Romans, Carthagenians!
  Twice hail, ye Turks, and thrice, ye Abyssinians!
  Hail too, O Lapland, with thy squirrels airy!
  Hail, Commerce-catching Tipperary!
  Hail, wonder-working Magi!
  Hail, Ouran-Outangs! Hail, Anthropophagi!
  Hail, all ye cabinets of every state,
  From poor Marino’s Hill, to Catherine’s Empire great!
  All have their chiefs, who-speak, who write, who seem to think,
  _Caermarthens, Sydneys, Rutlands_, paper, pens, and ink;

    Thus, through all climes, to earth’s remotest goal,
    From burning Indus to the freezing Pole,
        In chaises and on floats,
        In dillies, and in boats;
      Now on a camel’s native stool;
      Now on an ass, now on a mule.
      Nabobs and Rajahs have I seen;
      Old Bramins mild, young Arabs keen:
          Tall Polygars,
          Dwarf Zemindars,
  Mahommed’s tomb, Killarney’s lake, the fane of Ammon,
  With all thy Kings and Queens, ingenious Mrs. Salmon[1]:
      Yet vain the majesties of wax!
      Vain the cut velvet on their backs----
    GEORGE, mighty GEORGE, is flesh and blood----
    No head he wants of wax or wood!
        His heart is good!
        (As a King’s should)
    And every thing he says is understood!

[1] Exhibits the Wax-work, in Fleet-Street.




Lord Warden of Blackheath, and Ranger of Greenwich Hill,
during the Christmas and Easter Holidays.


        O day of high career!
  First of a month--nay more--first of a year!
  A _monarch-day_, that hath indeed no peer!
        Let huge _Buzaglos_ glow
          In ev’ry corner of the isle,
        To melt away the snow:
            And like to _May_,
            Be this month gay;
    And with her at hop--step--jump--play,
      Dance, grin, and smile:
    Ye too, ye _Maids of Honour_, young and old,
        Shall each be seen,
      With a neat _warming_ patentiz’d _machine_!
    Because, ’tis said, that _chastity_ is _cold_!


    But ah! no roses meet the sight;
        No _yellow_ buds of _saffron_ hue,
        Nor _azure_ blossoms of _pale blue_,
    Nor tulips, pinks, &c. delight.
    Yet on fine _tiffany_ will I
        My genius try,
    The spoils of _Flora_ to supply,
    Or say my name’s not GREGO--RY!
  An _artificial_ Garland will I bring,
    That _Clement Cottrell_ shall declare,
        With courtly air,
  Fit for a Prince--fit for a KING!


      Ye _millinery_ fair,
      To me, ye Muses are;
    Ye are to me _Parnassus_ MOUNT!
    In you, I find an _Aganippe_ FOUNT!
      I venerate your _muffs_,
      I bow and kiss your _ruffs_.
    Inspire me, O ye _Sisters_ of the _frill_,
    And teach your votarist how to _quill_!
      For oh!--’tis true indeed,
      That he can scarcely read!
  Teach him to _flounce_, and disregard all quippery,
  As crapes and blonds, and such like frippery;
  Teach him to _trim_ and _whip_ from side to side,
  And _puff_ as long as puffing can be try’d.
    In _crimping_ metaphor he’ll dash on,
    For _point_, you know, is out of fashion.
      O crown with bay his tête,
      _Delpini_, arbiter of fate!
  Nor at the trite conceit let witlings sport.
  A PAGE should be a _Dangler_ at the court.




Only Son of SIR ROBERT TAYLOR, Knt. and late Sheriff--also Sub-Deputy,
Vice-Chairman to the Irish Committee, King’s Counsel, and Welsh
Judge Elect, &c, &c.

    Hail, all hail, thou natal day!
    Hail the very half hour, I say,
      On which great GEORGE was born!
  Tho’ scarcely fledg’d, I’ll try my wing--
  And tho’, alas! I cannot sing,
      I’ll _crow_ on this illustrious morn!
  Sweet bird, that chirp’st the note of folly,
      So pleasantry, so drolly!--
    Thee, oft the stable yards among,
    I woo, and emulate thy song!
    Thee, for my emblem still I choose!
  Oh! with thy voice inspire a _Chicken of the Muse!_

    And thou, great Earl, ordain’d to sit
    High arbiter of verse and wit,
      Oh crown my wit with fame!
    Such as it is, I prithee take it;
    Or if thou can’st not find it, make it:
      To me ’tis just the same.
  Once a white wand, like thine, my father bore:
  But now, alas! that white wand is no more!
      Yet though his pow’r be fled,
    Nor Bailiff wait his nod nor Gaoler;
      Bright honour still adorns the head
    Of my Papa, Sir _Robert Tayler!_
  Ah, might that honour on his son alight!
      On this auspicious day
    How my little heart would glow,
    If, as I bend me low,
      My gracious King wou’d say,
  O happiest day, that brings the happiest Knight!

    Thee, too, my _fluttering_ Muse invokes,
      Thy guardian aid I beg.
    Thou great ASSESSOR, fam’d for jokes,
      For jokes of face and leg!
    So may I oft thy stage-box grace,
    (The first in beauty as in place)
  And smile responsive to thy changeful face!
    For say, renowned mimic, say,
    Did e’er a merrier crowd obey
      Thy laugh-provoking summons,
    Than with fond glee, enraptur’d sit,
    Whene’er with _undesigning wit_,
      I entertain the Commons?
    Lo! how I shine St. Stephen’s boast!
    There, first of _Chicks_, I rule the _roast_!
          There I appear,
          Pitt’s _Chanticleer_.
      The _Bantam Cock_ in opposition!
          Or like a _hen_
          With watchful ken,
      Sit close and hatch--the Irish propositions!

  Behold for this great day of pomp and pleasure,
      The House adjourns, and I’m at leisure!
        If _thou_ art so, come muse of sport,
            With a few rhymes,
            Delight the times,
  And coax the Chamberlain, and charm the Court!
    By Heaven she comes!--more swift than prose,
    At her command, my metre flows;
  Hence, ye weak warblers of the rival lays!
  Avaunt, ye Wrens, ye Goslings, and ye Pies!
    The _Chick of Law_ shall _win_ the prize!
  The _Chick of Law_ shall _peck_ the bays!
  So, when again the State deminds our care,
  Fierce in my laurel’d pride, I’ll take the chair!--
    GILBERT, I catch thy bright invention,
    With somewhat more of _sound retention[1]!_
  But never, never on thy _prose_ I’ll border--
  _Verse_, lofty-sounding _Verse_, shall “_Call to Order!_”
    Come, sacred Nine, come one and all,
    Attend your fav’rite Chairman’s call!
  Oh! if I well have chirp’d your brood among,
  Point my keen eye, and tune my brazen tongue!
      And hark! with Elegiac graces,
      “I beg that gentlemen may take their places!”
      Didactic Muse, be thine to state,
      The rules that harmonize debate!
      Thine, mighty CLIO, to resound from far,
      “The door! the door!--the bar! the bar!”
  Stout _Pearson_ damns around at her dread word;--
  “Sit down!” cries _Clementson_, and grasps his silver sword.

  But lo! where Pitt appears to move
  Some new resolve of hard digestion!
  Wake then, my Muse, thy gentler notes of love,
  And in persuasive numbers, “_put the Question._”
  The question’s gain’d!--the Treasury-Bench rejoice!
  “All hail, thou _least_ of men” (they cry), with mighty voice!
  --Blest sounds! my ravish’d eye surveys
  Ideal Ermine, fancied Bays!
  Wrapt in St. Stephens future scenes
  I sit perpetual chairman of the _Ways and Means!_
  Cease, cease, ye Bricklayer crew, my sire to praise,
  His mightier offspring claims immortal lays!
  The father climb’d the ladder, with a hod;
  The son, like _General Jackoo_, jumps alone, by God!

[1] No reflection on the organization of Mr. Gilbert’s brain is
intended here; but rather a pathetic reflection an the continual
Diabetes of so great a Member!




  Why does the loitering sun retard his wain,
    When this glad hour demands a fiercer ray?
  Not so he pours his fire on Delhi’s plain,
    To hail the Lord of Asia’s natal day.
    There in mute pomp and cross-legg’d state,
    The _Raja Pouts_ MAHOMMED SHAH await.
          There _Malabar_,
          There _Bisnagar_,
  There _Oude_ and proud _Bahar_, in joy confederate.

  Curs’d be the clime, and curs’d the laws, that lay
  Insulting bonds on George’s sovereign sway!
      Arise, my soul, on wings of fire,
      To God’s anointed, tune the lyre;
    Hail! George, thou all-accomplish’d King!
      Just type of him who rules on high!
    Hail inexhausted, boundless spring
      Of sacred truth and Holy Majesty!
    Grand is thy form--’bout five feet ten,
    Thou well-built, worthiest, best of men!
    Thy chest is stout, thy back is broad--
    Thy Pages view thee, and are aw’d!
    Lo! how thy white eyes roll!
    Thy whiter eye-brows stare!
          Honest soul!
    Thou’rt witty, as thou’rt fair!

  North of the Drawing-room a closet stands:
  The sacred nook, St James’s Park commands!
  Here, in sequester’d state, Great GEORGE receives
  Memorials, treaties, and long lists of thieves!
  Here all the force of sov’reign thought is bent,
  To fix Reviews, or change a Government!
  Heav’ns! how each word with joy _Caermarthen_ takes!
  Gods! how the lengthen’d chin of _Sydney_ shakes!
    Blessing and bless’d the sage associate see,
    The proud triumphant league of incapacity.
        With subtile smiles,
        With innate wiles,
  How do thy tricks of state, GREAT GEORGE, abound!
    So in thy Hampton’s mazy ground,
        The path that wanders
          In meanders,
          Ever bending,
          Never ending,
        Winding runs the eternal round.
  Perplex’d, involv’d, each thought bewilder’d moves;
  In short, quick turns the gay confusion roves;
  Contending themes the ernbarrass’d listener baulk,
  Lost in the labyrinths of the devious talk!

  Now shall the levee’s ease thy soul unbend,
    Fatigu’d with Royalty’s severer care!
  Oh! happy few! whom brighter stars befriend,
    Who catch the chat--the witty whisper share!
        Methinks I hear
        In accents clear,
  Great Brunswick’s voice still vibrate on my ear--
    Oh! fancy quick! oh! judgment true!
      Oh! sacred oracle of regal taste!
    So hasty, and so generous too!
  Not one of all thy questions will an answer wait!
    Vain, vain, oh Muse, thy feeble art,
  To paint the beauties of that head and heart!
    That heart where all the virtues join!
    That head that hangs on many a sign!

  Monarch of mighty _Albion_, check thy talk!
  Behold the _Squad_ approach, led on by _Palk_!
  _Smith, Barwelly, Cattt Vansittart_, form the band--
  Lord of Brirannia!--let them kiss thy hand!--
  For _sniff_[1]!--rich odours scent the sphere!
  ’Tis Mrs. _Hastings_’ self brings up the rear!
        Gods! how her diamonds flock
        On each unpowdere’d lock!
    On every membrane see a topaz clings!
    Behold her joints are fewer than her rings!
      Illustrious dame! on either ear,
      The _Munny Begums_’ spoils appear!
  Oh! Pitt, with awe behold that precious throat,
  Whose necklace teems with many a future vote!
  Pregnant with _Burgage_ gems each hand she rears;
  And lo! depending _questions_ gleam upon her ears!
  Take her, great George, and shake her by the hand;
  ’Twill loose her jewels, and enrich thy land.
  But oh! reserve one ring for an old stager;
  The _ring_ of future marriage for her _Major_!

[1] Sniff is a new interjection for the sense of smelling.



Treasurer of the Navy, &c. &c. &c.

        Hoot! hoot awaw!
        Hoot! hoot awaw!
    Ye lawland Bards! who’ are ye aw!
  What are your sangs? What aw your lair too boot?
    Vain are your thowghts the prize to win,
    Sae dight your gobs, and stint your senseless din;
  Hoot! hoot awaw! hoot! hoot!----
      Put oot aw your Attic feires,
      Burn your lutes, and brek your leyres;
  A looder, and a looder note I’ll strieke:----
      Na watter drawghts fra’ Helicon I heed,
      Na will I moont your winged steed--
  I’ll moont the Hanoverian horse, and ride him whare I leike!--

    Ye lairdly fowk, wha form the courtly ring,
    Coom, lend your lugs, and listen wheil I sing!
    Ye canny maidens tee; wha aw the wheile,
    Sa sweetly luik, sa sweetly smeile,
    Coom hither aw, and round me thrang,
  Wheil I tug oot my peips, and gi’ ye aw a canty sang.
        Weel faur his bonny bleithsome hairt!
      Wha, gifted by the gods abuin,
        Wi’ meikle taste, and meikle airt,
      Fairst garr’d his canny peipe to lilt a tune!
    To the sweet whussel join’d the pleesan drane,
    And made the poo’rs of music aw his ain.
    On thee, on thee I caw--thou deathless spreight!
    Doon frae thy thrane, abuin the lift sa breight;
    Ah! smeile on me, instruct me hoo to chairm:
    And, fou as is the baug beneath my arm,
  Inspeire my saul, and geuide my tunesome tongue.
    I feel, I feel thy poo’r divine!
      Laurels! kest ye to the groond,
  Aroond my heed, my country’s pride I tweine--
      Sa sud a Scottish baird be croon’d--
      Sa sud gret GEOURGE be sung!

  Fra hills, wi’ heathers clad, that smeilan bluim
      Speite o’ the northern blaist;
  Ye breether bairds, descend, and hither coom!
      Let ilka ilka ane his baugpipe bring,
    That soonds sa sweetly, and sa weel;
  Sweet soonds! that please the lugs o’ sic a king;
    Lugs that in music’s soonds ha’ mickle taste.
      Then, hither haste, and bring them aw,
      Baith your muckle peipes and smaw;
    Now, laddies! lood blaw up your chanters;
      For, luik! whare, cled in claies sa leel.
    Canny _Montrose_’s son leads on the ranters.
  Thoo _Laird o’ Graham!_ by manie a cheil ador’d,
    Who boasts his native fillabeg restor’d;
      I croon thee--maister o’ the spowrt!
      Bid thy breechless loons advaunce,
      Weind the reel, and wave the daunce;
      Noo they rant, and noo they loup,
      And noo they shew their brawny doup,
  And weel, I wat, they please the lasses o’ the court,
    Sa in the guid buik are we tauld,
        Befoor the halie ark,
    The guid King David, in the days of auld,
      Daunc’d, like a wuid thing, in his sark,
  Wheil Sion’s dowghters (’tis wi’ sham I speak’t)
    Aw heedless as he strack the sacred strain,
        Keck’d, and lawgh’d,
        And lawgh’d, and keck’d,
      And lawgh’d, and keck’d again.
  Scarce could they keep their watter at the seight,
  Sa micke did the King their glowran eyne delight.

  Anewgh! anewgh! noo haud your haund!
      And stint your spowrts awce:
  Ken ye, whare clad in eastlan spoils sa brave,
      O’ersheenan aw the lave;
      He comes, he comes!
  Aw hail! thoo Laird of pagodas and lacks!
  Weel could I tell of aw thy mighty awks;
    Fain wad my peipe, its loudest note,
    My tongue, its wunsome poo’rs, devote,
      To gratitude and thee;
  To thee, the sweetest o’ thy ain parfooms,
      Orixa’s preide sud blaze
    On thee, thy gems of purest rays;
  Back fra’ this saund, their genuine feires sud shed,
  And _Rumbold_’s Crawdle vie wuth _Hasting_’s Bed.
  But heev’n betook us weil! and keep us weise!
    Leike thunder, burstan at thy dreed command!
    “Keep, keep thy tongue,” a warlock cries,
      And waves his gowden wand.

  Noo, laddies! gi’ your baugpipes breeth again;
  Blaw the loo’d, but solemn, strain:
  Thus wheil I hail with heart-felt pleasure,
          In mejesty sedate,
          In pride elate,
  The smuith cheeks Laird of aw the treasure;
      Onward he stalks in froonan state;
    Na fuilish smiles his broos unbend,
  Na wull he bleithsome luik on aw the lasses lend.
    Hail to ye, lesser Lairds! of mickle wit;
    Hail to ye aw, wha in weise council sit,
    Fra’ _Tommy Toonsend_ up to _Wully Pitt!_
      Weel faur your heeds! but noo na mair
        To ye maun I the sang confeine:
    To nobler fleights the muse expands her wing.
    ’Tis he, whose eyne and wit sa breightly sheine,
        ’Tis GEOURGE demands her care;
  Breetons! boo down your heed, and hail your King!
        See! where with Atlantean shoulder,
        Amazing each beholder,
      Beneath a tott’ring empire’s weight.
  Full six feet high he stands, and therefore--great!

    Come then, aw ye POO’rs of vairse!
  Gi’ me great GEOURGE’s glories to rehearse;
    And as I chaunt his kingly awks,
      The list’nan warld fra me sall lairn
    Hoo swuft he rides, hoo slow he walks,
      And weel he gets his Queen wi’ bairn.
    Give me, with all a Laureat’s art to jumble,
    Thoughts that soothe, and words that rumble!
    Wisdom and Empire, Brunswick’s Royal line;
    Fame, Honour, Glory, Majesty divine!
      Thus, crooned by his lib’ral hand.
      Give me to lead the choral band;
    Then, in high-sounding words, and grand,
    Aft sail peipe swell with his princely name,
      And this eternal truth proclaim:
  ’Tis GEOURGE, Imperial GEOURGE, who rules BRITANNIA’s land!



_By_ DR. JOSEPH WARTON, In humble Imitation of BROTHER THOMAS.

    O! For the breathings of the _Doric ote!_
      O! for the _warblings_ of the Lesbian _lyre!_
    O! for the Alcean trump’s terrific note!
      O! for the Theban eagle’s wing of fire!
  O! for each stop and string that swells th’ Aonian quire!
  Then should this hallow’d day in _worthy strains be sung_,
  And with _due laurel wreaths_ thy cradle, Brunswick, _hung!_
      But tho’ uncouth my numbers flow
        --From a rude reed,--
        That drank the dew of Isis’ lowly mead,
      And _wild pipe_, fashion’d from the _embatted sedge_
        Which on the _twilight edge_
      Of my own Cherwell loves to grow:
        The god-like theme alone
          Should bear me on its _tow’ring wing_;
      Bear me undaunted to the throne,
        To view with fix’d and stedfast eye
        --The delegated majesty
  Of heav’ns dread lord, and what I see to sing.
  Like heaven’s dread lord, great George his voice can raise,
  From babes and suckling’s mouths to hymn his _perfect praise_,
  _In poesy’s trim rhymes_ and high _resounding phrase_.
      _Hence, avaunt!_ ye savage train,
      That drench the earth and dye the main
        With the tides of hostle gore:
      Who joy in _war’s terrific charms_,
      To see the steely gleam of arms,
        And hear the cannon’s roar;
      Unknown the god-like virtue how to yield,
    To Cressy’s or to Blenheim’s _deathful_ field;
  Begone, and sate your Pagan thirst of blood;
    Edward, fell homicide, awaits you there,
    And Anna’s hero, both unskill’d to spare
  Whene’er the foe their slaught’ring sword withstood.
    The pious George to _white-staled peace_ alone
    His olive sceptre yields, and _palm-encircled throne_.
          Or if his high degree
          On the _perturbed sea_
        The bloody flag unfurls;
          Or o’er the embattl’d plain
          Ranges the martial train;
        On other heads his bolts he hurls.
      Haughty subjects, _wail and weep_,
      Your angry master _ploughs the deep_.
      Haughty subjects, swol’n with pride,
      Tremble at his _vengeful_ stride.
        While the regal command
        Desp’rate ye withstand,
        He bares his red right hand.
        As when Eloim’s pow’r,
        In Judah’s rebel hour,
        Let fall the fiery show’r
    That o’er her parch’d hills desolation spread,
    And heap’d her vales with mountains of the dead.
        O’er Schuylkill’s _cliffs the tempest roars_;
        O’er Rappahanock’s recreant shores;
        Up the _rough rocks of Kipps’s-bay_;
        The huge Anspachar _wins his way_;
        _Or scares the falcon_ from the _fir-cap’d side_
  Of each high hill that hangs o’er Hudson’s haughty tide.
          Matchless victor, mighty lord!
          Sheath the devouring sword!
          Strong to punish, _mild to save_,
          Close _the portals of the grave_,
          Exert thy first prerogative,
  Ah! spare thy subject’s blood, and let them _live_;
            Our _tributary breath_,
        Hangs on thine for life or death.
      Sweet is the balmy breath of orient morn,
        Sweet are the horned treasures of the bee;
      Sweet is the fragrance of the scented thorn,
        But sweeter yet the voice of royal clemency.
    He hears, and from his _wisdom’s perfect day_
    He sends a bright effulgent ray,
    The nations _to illumine far and wide_,
    And feud and discord, war and _strife, subside_.
    His moral sages, _all unknown_ t’untie
    The wily rage of human policy,
    Their equal compasses expand,
    And mete the globe with philosophic hand.
    No partial love of country binds
    In selfish chains the lib’ral minds,
  O gentle Lansdown! ting’d with thy philanthropy,
      Let other monarchs vainly boast
      A lengthen’d line of conquer’d coast,
      Or boundless sea of tributary flood,
      Bought by as wide a sea of blood----
      Brunswick, in more _saint-like guise_
      Claims for his spoils a purer prize,
      Content at every price to buy
    A conquest o’er himself, and o’er his progeny.
      His be _domestic glory’s radient calm_----
      His be _the sceptre wreath’d with many a palm_----
      His be _the throne with peaceful emblems hung_,
  And mine die laurel’d lyre, _to those mild conquests strung!_



Of Castle Morres, of the Kingdom of Ireland, &c. &c.

      Awake, Hibernian lyre, awake,
    To harmony thy strings attune,
      O _tache_ their trembling tongue to _spake_
    The glories of the fourth of June.
        Auspicious morn!
        When George was born
      To grace (by deputy) our Irish throne,
          North, south, _aiste_, west,
          Of Kings the best,
      Sure now he’s _a_quall’d by himself alone;
  Throughout the astonish’d globe so loud his fame shall ring,
  The d_i_f themselves shall _hare_ the strains the dumb shall sing.

    Sons of Fadruig[1], strain your throats,
      In your native Irish lays,
    Swe_a_ter than the scre_a_ch owl’s notes,
      Howl aloud your sov’reign’s praise,
    Quick to his hallow’d fane be led
    A milk-white BULL, on soft potatoes fed:
    His curling horns and ample neck
    Let wreaths of verdant shamrock deck,
    And perfum’d flames, to _rache_ the sky,
    Let fuel from our bogs supply,
  Whilst we to George’s health, _a_’en till the bowl runs o’er
  Rich _strames_ of usquebaugh and sparkling whiskey pour.

      Of d_i_thless fame immortal heirs,
        A brave and patriotic band,
      Mark where Ierne’s Volunt_a_res,
        Array’d in bright disorder stand.
    The Lawyer’s corps, red fac’d with black,
    Here drive the martial merchants back;
      Here Sligo’s bold brigade advance,
    There Lim’rick legions sound their drum;
      Here Gallway’s gallant squadrons prance,
    And Cork Invincibles are overcome!
      The Union firm of Coleraine,
      Are scatter’d o’er the warlike plain,
    While Tipperary infantry pursues
    The Clognikelty horse, and Ballyshannon blues.
        Full fifty thousand men we shew
      All in our Irish manufactures clad,
        Wh_a_ling, manœuv’ring to and fro,
      And marching up and down like mad.
  In fr_a_dom’s holy cause they bellow, rant, and rave,
  And scorn thems_i_lves to know what they thems_i_lves would have!
      Ah! should renowned Brunswick chuse,
      (The warlike monarch loves reviews)
        To see th_a_se h_a_roes in our Ph_a_nix fight,
      Once more, amidst a wond’ring crowd,
      The enraptur’d prince might cry aloud,
        “Oh! Amherst, what a h_i_venly sight[2]!”
    The loyal crowd with shouts should r_i_nd the skies,
    To _hare_ their sov’reign make a sp_aa_ch so wise!

    Th_a_se were the bands, ’mid tempests foul,
      Who taught their master, somewhat loth,
    To grant (Lord love his lib’ral soul!)
      Commerce and constitution both.
        Now p_a_ce restor’d,
        This gracious lord
    Would _tache_ them, as the scriptures say,
        At _laiste_, that if
        The Lord doth give,
    The Lord doth likewise take away.
        Fr_a_dom like this who _i_ver saw?
      We will, henceforth, for _i_ver more,
        Be after making _i_v’ry law,
      Great Britain shall have made before[3].

    Hence, loath’d Monopoly,
      Of Av’rice foul, and Navigation bred,
        In the drear gloom
        Of British Custom-house Long-room,
  ’Mongst cockets, clearances, and bonds unholy,
        Hide thy detested head.
      But come, thou goddess fair and free,
      Hibernian reciprocity!
      (Which _manes_, if right I take the plan,
        Or _i_lse the tr_a_ity d_i_vil burn!
      To get from England all we can;
        And give her nothing in return!)
      Thee, JENKY, skill’d in courtly lore,
      To the _swate_ lipp’d William bore,
      He Chatham’s son (in George’s reign
      Such mixture was not held a stain),
      Of garish day-light’s eye afraid,
      Through the postern-gate convey’d;
      In close and midnight cabinet,
      Oft the secret lovers met.
      Haste thee, nymph, and quick bring o’er
      Commerce, from Britannia’s shore;
      Manufactures, arts, and skill,
      Such as may our pockets fill.
      And, with thy left hand, gain by stealth,
      Half our sister’s envied wealth,
      Till our island shall become
      Trade’s compl_a_te imporium[4].
    Th_a_se joys, if reciprocity can give,
    Goddess with thee h_i_nceforth let Paddy live!

    Next to great George be peerless Billy sung:--
        Hark! he _spakes!_ his mouth his opes!
        Phrases, periods, figures, tropes,
        _Strame_ from his mellifluous tongue--
  Oh! had he crown’d his humble suppliant’s hopes?
      And given him near his much-lov’d Pitt,
      Beyond the limits of the bar to sit,
    How with his praises had St. Stephen’s rung!
    Though Pompey boast not all his patron’s pow’rs,
        Yet oft have kind Hibernia’s Peers
        To r_a_de his sp_aa_ches lent their ears:
    So in the Senate, had his tongue, for hours.
      Foremost, amid the youthful yelping pack,
      That crow and cackle at the Premier’s back,
      A flow of Irish rhetoric let loose,
  Beneath the _Chicken_ scarce, and far above the _Goose_.

[1] Ancient Irish name given to St. Patrick.

[2] The celebrated speech of a Great Personage, on reviewing the
camp at Cox-heath, in the year 1779, when a French invasion was
apprehended; the report of which animating apostrophe is supposed
to have struck such terror into the breasts of our enemies, as to
have been the true occasion of their relinquishing the design.

[3] Vide the Fourth Proposition.

[4] Vide Mr. Orde’s speech.



_By_ EDWARD LORD THURLOW, Lord High Chancellor of Great-Britain.

        Damnation seize ye all,
    Who puff, who thrum, who bawl and squall!
    Fir’d with ambitious hopes in vain,
    The wreath, that blooms for other brows to gain;
        Is THURLOW yet so little known?--
      By G--d I swore, while GEORGE shall reign,
      The seals, in spite of changes, to retain,
    Nor quit the Woolsack till he quits the Throne!
      And now, the Bays for life to wear,
  Once more, with mightier oaths, by G--d I swear!
  Bend my black brows that keep the Peers in awe,
  Shake my full-bottom wig, and give the nod of law.

    What [1] tho’ more sluggish than a toad,
        Squat in the bottom of a well,
      I too, my gracious Sov’reign’s worth to tell,
    Will rouse my torpid genius to an Ode!
      The toad a jewel in his head contains--
      Prove we the rich production of my brains!
    Nor will I court, with humble plea,
      Th’ _Aonian_ Maids to inspire my wit:
    One mortal girl is worth the _Nine_ to me;--
      The prudes of _Pindus_ I resign to _Pitt_.
    His be the classic art, which I despise:--
    THURLOW on Nature, and himself relies.

    ’Tis mine _to keep the conscience of the King_;
      To me, each secret of his heart is shown:
    Who then, like me, shall hope to sing
      Virtues, to all but me, unknown?
      Say who, like me, shall win belief
      To tales of his paternal grief,
      When civil rage with slaughter dy’d
      The plains beyond th’ Atlantic tide?
      Who can, like me, his joy attest,
      Though little joy his looks confest,
      When Peace, at _Conway_’s call restor’d,
      Bade kindred nations sheathe the sword?
    How pleas’d he gave his people’s wishes way,
    And turn’d out _North_, when _North_ refus’d to stay!
    How in their sorrows sharing too, unseen,
  For _Rockingham_ he mourn’d, at _Windsor_ with the Queen!

      His bounty, too, be mine to praise,
      Myself th’ example of my lays,
          A _Teller_ in reversion I;
      And unimpair’d I vindicate my place,
      The chosen subject of peculiar grace,
  Hallow’d from hands of _Burke_’s economy:
    For [2] so his royal word my Sovereign gave;
  And sacred here I found that _word_ alone,
  When not his Grandsire’s _Patent_, and his own,
    To _Cardiff_, and to _Sondes_, their posts could save.
  Nor should this chastity be here unsung,
    That chastity, above his glory dear;
    [3]But _Hervey_ frowning, pulls my ear,
  Such praise, she swears, were satire from my tongue.

      Fir’d at her voice, I grow prophane,
      A louder yet, and yet a louder strain!
  To THURLOW’s lyre more daring notes belong.
      Now tremble every rebel soul!
      While on the foes of George I roll
  The deep-ton’d execrations of my song.
    In vain my brother’s piety, more meek,
  Would preach my kindling fury to repose;
    Like _Balaam_’s ass, were he inspir’d to speak,
  ’Twere vain! resolved I go to curse my Prince’s foes.

    “Begin! Begin!” fierce _Hervey_ cries,
    See! the _Whigs_, how they rise!
      What petitions present!
      How _teize_ and _torment_!
  D--mn their bloods, s--mn their hearts, d--mn their eyes.
      Behold yon sober band
      Each his notes in his hand;
    The witnesses they, whom I brow-beat in vain;
      Unconfus’d they remain.
      Oh! d--mn their bloods again;
      Give the curses due
      To the factious crew!
    Lo! _Wedgewood_ too waves his [4]_Pitt-pots_ on high!
    Lo! he points, where the bottom’s yet dry,
        The _visage immaculate_ bear;
    Be _Wedgewood_ d--mn’d, and double d--mn’d his ware.
      D--mn _Fox_, and d--mn _North_;
      D--mn _Portland_’s mild worth;
      D--mn _Devon_ the good,
        Double d--mn all his name;
      D--mn _Fitzwilliam_’s blood,
        Heir of _Rockingham_’s fame;
        D--mn _Sheridan_’s wit,
          The terror of _Pitt_;
  D--mn _Loughb’rough_, my plague--wou’d his _bagpipe_ were split!
      D--mn _Derby_’s long scroll,
        Fill’d with names to the brims:
      D--mn his limbs, d--mn his soul,
        D--mn his soul, d--mn his limbs!
        With _Stormont_’s curs’d din,
        Hark! _Carlisle_ chimes in;
  D--mn _them_; d--mn all their partners of their sin;
  D--mn them, beyond what mortal tongue can tell;
  Confound, sink, plunge them all to deepest, blackest Hell!

[1] This simile of myself I made the other day, coming out of
Westminster Abbey. Lord _Uxbridge_ heard it. I think, however,
that I have improved it here, by the turn which follows.

[2] I cannot here with-hold my particular acknowledgments to my
virtuous young friend, Mr. Pitt, for the noble manner in which
he contended, on the subject of my reversion, that the most religious
observance must be paid to the _Royal promise_. As I am personally
the more obliged to him, as in the case of the _Auditors of the
Imprest_ the other day, he did not think it necessary to shew any
regard whatever to a _Royal Patent_.

[3] I originally wrote this line,
          But _Hervey_ frowning, as she hears, &c.
It was altered as it now standsj by my d--mn’d Bishop of a brother,
for the sake of an allusion to _Virgil_.
            ------Cynthius _aurem
            Velit, et admonuit._

[4] I am told, that a scoundrel of a Potter, one Mr. _Wedgewood_, is
making 10,000 vile utensils, with a figure of Mr. Pitt in the bottom;
round the head is to be a motto,
            We will spit,
            On Mr. _Pitt_,
And _other such_ d--mn’d ryhmes, suited to the uses of the different




_The Notes (except those wherein Latin is concerned) by_ JOHN

RECITATIVE, _by Double Voices._
  [1]Hail to the LYAR! whose all-persuasive strain,
    Wak’d by the master-touch of art,
  And prompted by th’ inventive brain,
    [2]Winds its sly way into the easy heart.

  [3]Hark! do I hear the golden tone?--
  Responsive now! and now alone!
    Or does my fancy rove?
  Reason-born Conviction, hence!
  [4]And phrenzy-rapt be ev’ry sense,
    With the _Untruth_ I love.
  Propitious Fiction aid the song;
  Poet and Priest to thee belong.

    [5]By thee inspir’d, ere yet the tongue was glib,
    The cradled infant lisp’d the nurs’ry fib;
    Thy vot’ry in maturer youth,
    Pleas’d, he renounc’d the name of truth;
  And often dar’d the specious to defy,
  Proud of th’ expansive, bold, uncover’d lie.

    Propitious FICTION, hear!
  And smile, as erst thy father smil’d
  Upon his first-born child,
    Thy sister dear;
    When the nether shades among,
    [6]Sin from his forehead sprung.

    Grand deluder! arch impostor!
    Countervailing _Orde_ and _Foster_!
        Renoun’d Divine!
        The palm is thine:
    Be thy name or sung or _hist_,
  Alone it stands--CONSPICUOUS FABULIST!

RECITATIVE _for the celebrated Female Singer from Manchester.
Symphony of Flutes--pianissimo._

    Now in cotton robe array’d,
    Poor Manufacture, tax-lamenting maid,
    Thy story heard by her devoted wheel,
    Each busy-sounding spindle hush’d--

      Now, dreading Irish rape,
      Quick shifting voice and shape--

DEEP BASS, _from Birmingham._
    With visage hard, and furnace flush’d,
    And black-hair’d chest, and nerve of steel,
      The sex-chang’d listner stood
      In surly pensive mood.

AIR, _accompanied with double Bassoons, &c._
      While the promise-maker spoke
      The anvil miss’d the wonted stroke;
      In air suspended hammers hung,
  While _Pitt_’s own frauds came mended from that tongue.

        Renown’d Divine, &c.

    Sooth’d with the sound the Priest grew vain,
    And all his tales told o’er again,
      And added hundreds more;
    By turns to this, or that, or both,
    He gave the sanction of an oath,
      And then the whole forswore.
    “Truth,” he sung, “was toil and trouble,
    Honour but an empty bubble”--
      _Glo’ster_’s aged--_London_ dying--
      Poor, too poor, is simple lying!
      If the lawn be worth thy wearing,
      Win, oh! win it, by thy swearing!

      Grand deluder! arch-impostor, &c.[7]


RECITATIVE _accompanied_.
    Enough the parents praise--see of Deceit
      The fairer progeny ascends!
      _Evasion_, nymph of agile feet,
          With half-veil’d face;
    _Profession_, whispering accents sweet
  And many a kindred _Fraud_ attends;
      Mutely dealing courtly wiles,
      Fav’ring nods, and hope-fraught smiles,
        A fond, amusive, tutelary race,
      That guard the home-pledg’d faith of Kings--
      Or flitting, light, on paper wings;
      Speed Eastern guile across this earthly ball,
      And waft it back from _Windsor_ to _Bengal_.
      But chiefly thee I woo, of changeful eye,
      In courts y’clept _Duplicity!_
      Thy fond looks on mine imprinting,
      Vulgar mortals call it squinting--
      Baby, of Art and Int’rest bred,                 }
      Whom, stealing to the back-stairs head          }
      in fondling arms--with cautious tread,          }
          [8]Wrinkle-twinkle _Jenky_ bore,
          To the baize-lin’d closet door.

    Sweet nymph, that liv’st unseen
      Within that lov’d recess--
      Save when the Closet Councils press,
    And junto’s speak the thing they mean;
      Tell me, ever-busy power,
  Where shall I trace thee in that vacant hour?
  Art thou content, in the sequester’d grove,
  To play with hearts and vows of love!
    Or emulous of prouder sway,
  Dost thou to list’ning Senates take thy way?
    Thy presence let me still enjoy,
    With _Rose_, and the lie-loving boy.

            [9]No rogue that goes
            Is like that _Rose_,
          Or scatters such deceit:
            Come to my breast--
            There ever rest
          Associate counterfeit!


    But lo! what throngs of rival bards!
    More lofty themes! more bright rewards!
    See Sal’sbury, a new Apollo sit!
    Pattern and arbiter of wit!
  The laureate wreathe hangs graceful from his wand;
  Begin! he cries, and waves his whiter hand.
          ’Tis _George_’s natal day--
          Parnassian Pegassus away--
    Grant me the more glorious steed
    Of royal _Brunswick_ breed[10]----
        I kneel, I kneel;
        And at his snowy heel,
      Pindarick homage vow;--
    He neighs; he bounds; I mount, I fly--
    The air-drawn crosier in my eye,
      The visionary mitre on my brow--
    Spirit of hierarchy exalt thy rhyme,
    And dedicate to George the lie sublime.

AIR _for a Bishop._
    [11]Hither, brethren, incense bring,
    To the mitre-giving king;
    Praise him for his first donations;               }
    Praise him for his blest translations,            }
    Benefices, dispensations.                         }
      By the powers of a crown;
      By the many made for one;
    By a monarch’s awful distance,
    Rights divine, and non-resistance,
    Honour, triumph, glory give--
      Praise him in his might!
      Praise him in his height!
  The mighty, mighty height of his prerogative!

RECITATIVE _by an Archbishop._
    Orchestras, of thousands strong,
    With Zadoc’s zeal each note prolong--
    _Bates_ gives the animating nod--
    Sudden they strike--unnumber’d strings
    Vibrate to the best of Kings--
    Eunuchs, Stentors, double basses,
    Lab’ring lungs, inflated faces,
          Bellows working,
          Elbows jerking,
          Scraping, beating,
          Roaring, Sweating.
  Thro’ the old Gothic roofs be the chorus rebounded,
  ’Till Echo is deafen’d, and thunder dumb-founded:
  And now another pause--and now another nod
  --All proclaim a present God!
        [12]_Bishops and Lords of the Bedchamber_,
        George submissive Britain sways;
        _Heavy_ Hanover obeys.
    Proud Ierne’s volunteers,
    Abject Commons, prostrate Peers--
      All proclaim a present God--
    (On the necks of all he trod)
                A present God!
                A present God!

[1] Hail to the LYAR!] It was suggested to me, that my friend
the Doctor had here followed the example of Voltaire, in deviating
from common orthography.--_Lyar_, instead of _Lyre_, he conceives to
be a reading of peculiar elegance in the present instance, as it
puts the reader in suspence between an inanimate and a living
instrument. However, for my own part, I am rather of opinion,
that this seeming mis-spelling arose from the Doctor’s following
the same well-known circumspection which he exercised in the case
of Mr. Wedgewood, and declining to give his Ode _under his hand_;
preferring to repeat it to Mr. Delpini’s Amanuensis, who very
probably may have committed that, and similar errors in orthography.

[2] Winds its sly way, &c.] A line taken in great part from Milton.
The whole passage (which it may not be unpleasing to recall to
the recollection of the reader) has been closely imitated by
my friend Prettyman, in a former work.
  “I, under fair pretence of friendly ends,
  And well-placed words of glozing courtesy,
  Baited with reasons not unplausible,
  _Wind me into the easy-hearted man,_
  And hug him into snares.”       COMUS.

[3] Golden tone, &c.] The epithet may seem at first more proper
for the instrument, but it applies here with great propriety to
the sound. In the strictest-sense, what is golden sound but the sound
of gold? and what could arise more naturally in the writer’s mind
upon the present occasion?

[4] Phrenzy-rapt, &c.] Auditis? An me ludit amabilis

[5] By thee inspir’d, &c.] In the first manuscript:
  “While yet a cradled child, he conquer’d shame,
  And lisp’d in fables, for the fables came.”    See POPE.

[6] Sin from his forehead sprung.]
                “A goddess armed
      Out of thy head I sprung.”
                                   See MILTON’s Birth of Sin.

[7] The quick transition of persons must have struck the reader in the
first part of this Ode, and it will be observable throughout: Now
Poet, now Muse, now Chorus; then Spinner, Blacksmith, &c. &c. The
Doctor, skips from point to point over Parnassus, with a nimbleness
that no modern imitator of Pindar ever equalled.--Catch him, even
under a momentary shape, who can. I was always an admirer of
tergiversation (and as my flatterers might say), no bad practitioner;
but it remained for my friend to shew the sublimity to which the
figure lam alluding to (I do not know the learned name of it) might be

[8] Wrinkle-twinkle, &c.] It must have been already observed by
the sagacious reader, that our author can coin an epithet as well
as a fable. Wrinkles are as frequently produced by the motion of
the part as by the advance of age. The head of the distinguished
personage here described, though in the prime of his faculties,
he had more exercise in every sense than any head in the world.
Whether he means any illusion to the worship of the rising sun,
and imitates the Persian priests, whose grand act of devotion is
to turn round; or whether he merely thinks that the working of
the head in circles will give analogous effect to the species
of argument in which he excels, we must remain in the dark; but
certain it is, that whenever he reasons in public, the _capital_
and wonderful part of the frame I am alluding to, is continually
revolving upon its axis: and his eyes, as if dazzled with rays
that dart on him exclusively, twinkle in their orbs at the rate
of sixty twinks to one revolution. I trust I have given a rational
account, and not far-fetched, both of the wrinkle and twinkle in
this ingenious compound.

[9] No rogue that goes, &c.] The candid reader will put no improper
interpretation on the word rogue. Pretty rogue, dear rogue, &c.
are terms of endearment to one sex; pleasant rogue, witty rogue,
apply as familiar compliments to the other: Indeed _facetious rogue_
is the common table appellation of this gentleman in Downing-street.

[10] It will be observed by the attentive reader, that the thought
of mounting the Hanoverian Horse, as a Pegasus, has been employed
by Mr. Dundas, in his Ode preserved in this collection. It is true,
the Doctor has taken the reins out of his hands, as it was time
somebody should do. But I hereby forewarn the vulgar Critic, from
the poor joke of making the Doctor a horse-stealer.

[11] Hither, brethren, &c.] When this Ode is performed in Westminster
Abbey (as doubtless it will be) this Air is designed for the Reverend,
or rather the Right Reverend Author. The numerous bench (for there
will hardly be more than three absentees) who will begin to chaunt
the subsequent chorus from their box at the right hand of his most
sacred Majesty, will have fine effect both on the ear and eye.

[12] Lords of the bed-chamber, &c.] Candour obliges us to confess,
that this designation of the performers, and in truth the following
stanza, did not stand in the original copy, delivered into the
Lord Chamberlain’s Office. Indeed, Signor Delpini had his doubts
as to the legality of admitting it, notwithstanding Mr. Rose’s
testimony, that it was actually and _bona fide_ composed with the rest
of the Ode, and had only accidentally fallen into the same drawer
of Mr. Pitt’s bureau in which he had lately mislaid Mr. Gibbins’s
note. Mr. Banks’s testimony was also solicited to the same effect;
but he had left off vouching for the present session. Mr. Pepper
Arden, indeed, with the most intrepid liberality, engaged to find
authority for it in the statutes at large; on which Signor Delpini,
with his usual terseness of repartee, instantly exclaimed, Ha! ha! ha!
However, the difficulty was at length obviated by an observation of
the noble Lord who presided, that in the case of the King versus
Arkinson, the House of Lords had established the right: of judges
to amend a record, as Mr. Quarme had informed his Lordship
immediately after his having voted for that decision.
  _Here end Mr. Robinson’s notes._
        “A present God,
        Heavy Hanover,
        Abject Commons,” &c.
  The imitation will be obvious to the classical reader,
      ------Præsens divus habebitur
      Augustus, _ab_jectis Britannis,
      Imperio, _gravibusque_ Persis.              HOR.
All the editors of Horace have hitherto read _ad_jectis Britannis.
Our author, as sound a critic as a divine, _suo periculo_, makes
the alteration of a single letter, and thereby gives a new and
peculiar force to the application of the passage.----N.B. _Abject_,
in the author’s understanding of the word, means that precise degree
of submission due from a free people to monarchy. It is further worthy
remark, that Horace wrote the Ode alluded to; before Britain was
subjected to absolute sway; and consequently the passage was meant
as a prophetic compliment to Augustus. Those who do not think that
Britain is yet sufficiently _abject_, will regard the imitation in
the same light. We shall close this subject by observing, how much
better GRAVIBUS applies in the imitation than in the original; and
how well the untruth of Ierne’s volunteers joining in the deification,
exemplifies the dedicatory address of the lie SUBLIME!




        Help! help! I say, Apollo!
        To you I call, to you I hollo;
      My Muse would fain bring forth;
        God of Midwives come along
        Bring into light my little song,
      See how its parent labours with the birth;
          My brain! my brain!
          What horrid pain;
    Come, now prithee come, I say:                    }
    Nay, if you won’t, then stay away--               }
  Without thy help, I’ve sung full many a lay.        }

    To lighter themes let other bards resort;
    My verse shall tell the glories of the Court.
    Behold the Pensioners, a martial band;
    Dreadful, with rusty battle-axe in hand--
      Quarterly and daily waiters,
      A lustier troop, ye brave Beefeaters,
    Sweepers, Marshals, Wardrobe brushers,
    Patrician, and Plebeian ushers;
    Ye too, who watch in inner rooms;
    Ye Lords, ye Gentlemen, and Grooms;
  Oh! careful guard your royal Master’s slumber,
  Lest factious flies his sacred face incumber.
  But ah! how weak my song!
  Crouds still on crouds impetuous rush along,
  I see, I see, the motly group appear,
  Thurlow in front, and Chandos in the rear;
  Each takes the path his various genius guides--
  O’er Cabinets _this_, and _that_ o’er Cooks presides!

  Hail! too, ye beds, where, when his labour closes,
  With ponderous limbs great CINCINNATUS doses!
  Oh! say what fate the Arcadian King betides
  When playful Mab his wandering fancy guides,
        Perhaps he views his HOWARD’s wit
        Make SHERIDAN submissive sit;
        Perhaps o’er foes he conquest reaps:
        Perhaps some ditch he dauntless leaps;
        Now shears his people, now his mutton;
        Now makes a Peer, and now a button.
      Now mightier themes demand his care;
        HASTINGS for assistance flies;
      Bulses glittering skim the air;
        Hands unstretch’d would grasp the prize,
      But no diamond they find there;
        For awak’d, by amorous pat,
      Good lack! his gentle CHARLOTTE cries,
        What would your Majesty be at?
    The endearing question kindles fierce desire,
    And all the monarch owns the lover’s fire;
    The pious King fulfils the heav’nly plan,
  And little annual BRUNSWICKS speak the mighty man!

  At Pimlico an ancient structure stands,
  Where Sheffield erst, but Brunswick now commands;
  Crown’d with a weathercock that points at will,
  To every part but Constitution-hill--
    Hence Brunswick, peeping at the windows,
        Each star-light night,
        Looks with delight,
        And sees unseen,
        And tells the Queen,
      What each who passes out or in, does,
    Hence too, when eas’d of Faction’s dread,
        With joys surveys,
        The cattle graze,
      At half a crown a head--
      Views the canal’s transparent flood,
      Now fill’d with water, now with mud;
  Where various seasons, various charms create,
  Dogs in the summer swim, and boys in winter skait.

    Oh! for the pencil of a Claud Lorrain,
      Apelles, Austin, Sayer, or Luke the saint--
    What glowing scenes;--but ah! the grant were vain,
          I know not how to paint----
  Hail! Royal Park! what various charms are thine--
  Thy patent lamps pale Cynthia’s rays outshine--
  Thy limes and elms with grace majestic grow,
                All in a row;
  Thy Mall’s smooth walk, and sacred road beside,
  Where Treasury Lords by Royal Mandate ride.
        Hark! the merry fife and drum:
        Hark! of beaus the busy hum;
    While in the gloom of evening shade,
    Gay wood-nymphs ply their wanton trade;
  Ah! nymphs too kind, each vain pursuit give o’er--
  If Death should call--you then can walk no more!
      See the children rang’d on benches;
      See the pretty nursery wenches;
      The cows, secur’d by halters, stand,
      Courting the ruddy milk-maid’s hand.
  Ill-fated cows, when all your milk they’ve ta’en,
  At Smithfield sold, you’ll fatten’d be and slain.--

    Muse, raise thine eyes and quick behold,
    The Treasury-office fill’d with gold;
    Where Elliot, Pitt, and I, each day                    }
    The tedious moments pass away,                         }
    In business now, and now in play----                   }
  The gay Horse-guards, whose clock of mighty fame,
  Directs the dinner of each careful dame,
    Where soldiers with red coats equipp’d,
    Are sometimes march’d, and sometimes whipp’d.
        Let them not doubt----
  ’Twas heav’n’s eternal plan
  That perfect bliss should ne’er be known to man.
    Thus Ministers, are in--are out,
        Turn and turn about----
  Even Pitt himself may lose his place,                    }
  Or thou, Delpini, sovereign of grimace,                  }
  Thou, too, by some false step, may’st meet disgrace.     }

      Ye feather’d choristers, your voices tune,
      ’Tis now, or near the fourth of June;
  All nature smiles--the day of Brunswick’s birth
  Destroy’d the iron-age, and made an heav’n on earth.
      Men and beasts his name repeating,
      Courtiers talking, calves a-bleating;
              Horses neighing,
              Asses braying,
  Sheep, hogs, and geese, with tuneful voices sing,
              All praise their King,
        George the Third, the Great, the Good.
          France and Spain his anger rue;
          Americans, he conquer’d you,
        Or would have done it if he cou’d.
          And ’midst the general loyal note,
          Shall not his _gosling_ tune his throat;
          Then let me join the jocund hand,
          Crown’d with laurel let me stand;
  My grateful voice shall their’s as far exceed,
  As the two-legg’d excels the base four-footed breed.



Being informed from undoubted authority, that the learned _Pierot_,
whom your Lordship has thought proper to nominate to the dignity
of your Assessor, knows no language but his own, it seemed to me
probable he might not understand _Irish_.--Now as I recollect my
last Ode to have proceeded on the orthography of that kingdom,
I thought his entire ignorance of the tongue might perhaps be some
hindrance to his judgment, upon its merit. On account of this
unhappy ignorance, therefore, on the part of the worthy _Buffo_,
of any language but _Italian_, I have taken the liberty to present
your Lordship and him with a second Ode, written in _English_;
which I hope he will find no difficulty in understanding, and which
certainly has the better chance of being perfectly correct in the
true English idiom, as it has been very carefully revised and
altered by my worthy friend, Mr. _Henry Dundas_.
      I have the honour to be,
          My Lord,
    Your Lordship’s devoted servant,

                    *     *     *     *     *



    Ye gentle Nymphs, who rule the Song,
    Who stray _Thessalian_ groves among,
      With forms so bright and airy;
    Whether you pierce _Pierian_ shades,              }
    Or, less refin’d, adorn the glades,               }
    And wanton with the lusty blades                  }
      Of fruitful _Tipperary_;
    Whether you sip Aonias’ wave,
    Or in thy stream, fair _Liffy_, lave;
    Whether you taste ambrosial food;
    Or think _potatoes_ quite as good,
    Oh, listen to an _Irish_ Peer,
    Who has woo’d your sex for many a year.

    _Gold!_--thou bright benignant pow’r!
    Parent of the jocund hour,
  Say, how my breast has heav’d with many a storm,
  When thee I worship’d in a _female_ form!
      Thou, whose high and potent skill,
      Turns things and persons at thy will!
    Thou, whose omnipotent decree,
      Mighty as Fate’s eternal rule,
      Can make a wise man of a fool,
    And grace e’en loath’d deformity:
    Can straitness give to her that’s crook’d,
    And _Grecian_ grace to nose that’s hook’d;
    Can smooth the mount on _Laura_’s back,
    And wit supply to those that lack:
    Say, and take pity on my woes,
    Record my throbs, recount my throes;
        How oft I sigh’d,
        How oft I dy’d:
        How oft dismiss’d,
        How seldom kiss’d;
  How oft, fair _Phyllida_, when thee I woo’d
  With cautious foresight all thy charms I view’d.
        O’er many a sod,
        How oft I trod,
        To count thy acres o’er;
          Or spent my time,
          For marle or lime,
        With anxious zeal to bore[1]!
  How _Cupid_ then all great and powerful sate,
  Perch’d on the vantage of a rich estate;
  When, for his darts, he us’d fair spreading trees,
  Ah! _who_ cou’d fail that shot with shafts like these!

    Oh, sad example of capricious Fate!
        Sue _Irishmen_ in vain!
    Does _Pompey_’s self, the proud, the great,
        Fail e’en a maid to gain?
    What boots my form so tall and slim,
    My legs so stout--my beard so grim?
    Why have I _Alexander_’s bend?
    Emblem of conquest never gain’d!
    A nose so long--a back so strait--
    A chairman’s mien--a chairman’s gait?
    Why wasted ink to make orations?
    Design’d to teach unlist’ning nations!
      Why have I view’d th’ ideal clock[2],
        Or mourn’d the visionary hour?
      Griev’d to behold with well-bred shock,
        The fancy’d pointer verge _to four?_
      Then with a bow, proceed to beg,
      A general pardon on my leg--
      “Lament that to an hour so late,”
      “’Twas mine to urge the grave debate!”
      “Or mourn the rest, untimely broken!”
      All this to say--all this to do,
      In form so native, neat, and new,
    In speech _intended_ to be spoken!--
  But fruitless all, for neither here or there,
  My _leg_ has yet obtain’d me _place_, or _fair!_

  _Pompeys_ there are of every shape and size:
    Some are the Great, y-clep’d, and some the Little,
  Some with their deeds that fill the wond’ring skies,
    And some on ladies’ laps that eat their vittle!
        ’Tis _Morres_’ boast--’tis _Morres_’ pride,
          To be to both ally’d!
        That of all various _Pompeys_, he
        Forms one complete _epitome_!
    Prepar’d alike fierce Faction’s host to fight,
    Or, thankful, stoop _official crumbs_ to bite--
    No equal to himself on earth to own;
    Or watch, with anxious eye, on _Treasury-bone!_
    As Rome’s fam’d chief, imperious, stiff, and proud;
    Fawning as curs, when supplicating food!
    In him their several virtues all reside,
    The peerless Puppy, and of Peers the pride!

    Say, Critic _Buffo_, will not powers like these,
    E’en thy refin’d fastidious judgment please?
        A common _butt_ to all mankind,
          ’Tis my hard lot to be;
        O let me then some justice find,
          And give the BUTT to me!
            Then dearest DE’L,
            Thy praise I’ll tell,
          And with _unprostituted_ pen.
        In _Warton_’s pure and modest strain,
        Unwarp’d by Hope--unmov’d by Gain,
  I’ll call the “best of husbands,” and “most chaste of men!”
        Then from my pristine labours I’ll relax:
        _Then will I lay the Tree unto the [3]Axe!_
            Of all my former grief--
        Resign the bus’ness of the anxious chace,
        And for past failures, and for past disgrace,
            Here find a snug relief!
      The vain pursuit of female game give o’er,
      And, hound of _Fortune_, scour the town no more!

[1] When Lord Mountmorres went down into the country, some years
ago; to pay his addresses to a lady of large fortune, whose name
we forbear to mention, his Lordship took up his abode for several
days in a small public-house in the neighbourhood of her residence,
and employed his time in making all proper enquiries, and prudent
observation upon the nature, extent, and value of her property:--he
was seen measuring the trees with his eye, and was at last found
in the act of boring for marle; when being roughly interrogated
by one of the ladie’s servants, to avoid chastisement he confessed
his name, and delivered his amorous credentials. The amour terminated
as ten thousand others of the noble Lord’s have done!

[2] An allusion is here made to a speech published by the noble Lord,
which, as the title-page imports, was _intended_ to have been spoken;
in which his Lordship, towards the conclusion, gravely
remarks:--“Having, Sir, so long encroached upon the patience of the
House, and observing by the clock that the hour has become so
excessively late, nothing remains for me but to return my sincere thanks
to you, Sir, and the other gentlemen of this House, for the particular
civility; and extreme attention, with which I have been heard:--
the interesting nature of the occasion has betrayed me into a much
greater length than I had any idea originally of running into;
and if the casual warmth _of the moment_ has led me into the least
personal indelicacy towards any man alive, I am very ready to beg
pardon of him and this House, Sir, for having so done.”

[3] This line is literally transcribed from a speech of Lord
_Mountmorre_’s, when Candidate some years ago for the Representation
of the City of Westminster.



  Re mi fa sol,
  Tol de rol lol.

    My Muse, for George prepare the splendid song,
  Oh may it float on Schwellenburgen’s voice!
    Let Maids of Honour sing it all day long,
  That Hoggaden’s fair ears may hear it, and rejoice.

  What subject first shall claim thy courtly strains?
    Wilt thou begin from Windsor’s sacred brow,
      Where erst, with pride and pow’r elate,
      The Tudors sate in sullen state,
    While Rebel Freedom, forc’d at length to bow,
  Retir’d reluctant from her fav’rite plains?
      Ah! while in each insulting tower you trace
      The features of that tyrant race,
    How wilt thou joy to view the alter’d scene!
    The Giant Castle quits his threat’ning mien;
    The levell’d ditch no more its jaws discloses,         }
    But o’er its mouth, to feast our eyes and noses,       }
    Brunswick hath planted pinks and roses;                }
  Hath spread smooth gravel walks, and a small bowling green!

      Mighty Sov’reign! Mighty Master!
      George is content with lath and plaister!
        At his own palace-gate,
    In a poor porter’s lodge, by Chambers plann’d,
    See him with Jenky, hand in hand,
        In serious mood,
      Talking! talking! talking! talking!
      Talking of affairs of state,
        All for his country’s good!
    Oh! Europe’s pride! Britannia’s hope!
      To view his turnips and potatoes,
    Down his fair Kitchen-garden’s slope
      The victor monarch walks like Cincinnatus.
    See, heavenly Muse! I vow to God
    ’Twas thus the laurel’d hero trod--
    Sweet rural joys! delights without compare!
        Pleasure shines in his eyes,                       }
        While George with surprize,                        }
        Sees his cabbages rise,                            }
    And his ’sparagus wave in the air!

    But hark! I hear the sound of coaches,
    The Levee’s hour approaches--
  Haste, ye Postillions! o’er the turnpike road;
  Back to St. James’s bear your royal load!
  ’Tis done--his smoaking wheels scarce touch’d the ground--
    By the Old Magpye and the New,                         }
    By Colnbrook, Hounslow, Brentford, Kew,                }
    Half choak’d with dust the monarch flew,               }
  And now, behold, he’s landed safe and sound.--
  Hail to the blest who tread this hallow’d ground!
    Ye firm, invincible beefeaters,                        }
    Warriors, who love their fellow-creatures,             }
    I hail your military features!                         }
    Ye gentle, maids of honour, in stiff hoops,
      Buried alive up to your necks,
    Who chaste as Phœnixes in coops,
      Know not the danger that await your sex!
    Ye Lords, empower’d by fortune or desert,
    Each in his turn to change your sovereign’s shirt!
    Ye Country Gentlemen, ye City May’rs,
    Ye Pages of the King’s back-stairs,
          Who in these precincts joy to wait--
    Ye courtly wands, so white and small,
          And you, great pillars of the State,
          Who at Stephen’s slumber, or debate,
    Hail to you all!!!

  Hail to you all!!!

  Now, heavenly Muse, thy choicest song prepare:
    Let loftier strains the glorious subject suit:
  Lo! hand in hand, advance th’ enamour’d pair,
    This Chatham’s son, and that the drudge of Bute;
    Proud of their mutual love,
    Like Nisus and Euryalus they move,
  To Glory’s steepest heights together tend,
  Each careless for himself, each anxious for his friend!
    Hail! associate Politicians!
    Hail! sublime Arithmeticians!
  Hail! vast exhaustless source of Irish Propositions!
    Sooner our gracious King
    From heel to heel shall cease to swing;
    Sooner that brilliant eye shall leave its socket;
    Sooner that hand desert the breeches pocket,
  Than constant George consent his friends to quit,
  And break his plighted faith to Jenkinson and Pitt!

          Hail! most prudent Politicians!
          Hail! correct Arithmeticians!
  Hail! vast exhaustless source of Irish propositions!

          Oh! deep unfathomable Pitt!
        To thee Ierne owes her happiest days!
          Wait a bit,
        And all her sons shall loudly sing thy praise!
            Ierne, happy, happy Maid!
            Mistress of the Poplin trade!
      Old Europa’s fav’rite daughter,
      Whom first emerging from the water,
            In days of yore,
            Europa bore,
          To the celestial Bull!
  Behold thy vows are heard, behold thy joys are full!
      Thy fav’rite Resolutions greet,
      They’re not much changed, there’s no deceit!
      Pray be convinc’d, they’re still the true ones,
    Though sprung from thy prolific head,
      Each resolution hath begotten new ones,
    And like their sires, all Irish born and bred!
  Then haste, Ierne, haste to sing,
  God save great George! God save the King!
  May thy sons’ sons to him their voices tune,
  And each revolving year bring back the fourth of June!



Agreeably to the request of the Right Reverend Author, the following
Ode is admitted into this collection; and I think it but justice
to declare, that I have diligently scanned it on my fingers; and,
after repeated trials, to the best of my knowledge, believe the Metre
to be of the Iambic kind, containing three, four, five, and six feet
in one line, with the occasional addition of the hypercatalectic
syllable at stated periods. I am, therefore, of opinion, that
the composition is certainly verse; though I would not wish to
pronounce too confidently. For further information I shall print
his Grace’s letter.


As I understand you are publishing an authentic Edition of the
Probationary Odes. I call upon you to do me the justice of inserting
the enclosed. It was rejected on the Scrutiny by Signor Delpini,
for reasons which must have been suggested by the malevolence
of some rival. The reasons were, 1st, That the Ode was nothing
but prose, written in an odd manner; and, 2dly, That the Metre,
if there be any, as well as many of the thoughts, are stolen from
a little Poem, in a Collection called the UNION. To a man, blest
with an ear so delicate as your’s, Sir John, I think it unnecessary
to say any thing on the first charge; and as to the second, (would
you believe it?) the Poem from which I am accused of stealing is
my own! Surely an Author has a right to make free with his own ideas,
especially when, if they were ever known, they have long since
been forgotten by his readers. You are not to learn, Sir John,
that _de non apparentibus & non existentibus eadem est ratio:_
and nothing but the active spirit of literary jealousy, could
have dragged forth my former Ode from the obscurity, in which
it has long slept, to the disgrace of all good taste in the present
age. However, that you and the public may see, how little I have
really taken, and how much I have opened the thoughts, and improved
the language of that little, I send you _my imitations of myself_,
as well as some few explanatory notes, necessary to elucidate
my classical and historical allusions.

      I am, SIR JOHN,
  With every wish for your success,
    Your most obedient humble servant,
                            WILLIAM YORK.

                    *     *     *     *     *


Lord Archbishop of York, Primate of England, and Lord High Almoner
to his Majesty, formerly Preceptor to the Princes, Head Master of
Westminster School, &c. &c. &c.

    The priestly mind what virtue so approves,
    And testifies the pure prelatic spirit,
          As loyal gratitude?
    More to my King, than to my God, I owe;
      God and my father made me man,
    Yet not without my mother’s added aid;
      But George, without, or God, or man,
  With grace endow’, and hallow’d me Archbishop.

    In Trojan PRIAM’s court a laurel grew;
    So VIRGIL sings. But I will sing the laurel,
        Which at St. JAMES’s blooms.
    O may I bend my brows from that blest tree,
      Not flourishing in native green,
    Refreshed with dews from AGANIPPE’s spring:
      But, [1]like the precious plant of DIS,
    Glitt’ring with gold, with royal sack irriguous.

      So shall my aukward gratitude,
  With fond presumption to the Laureat’s duty
      Attune my rugged numbers blank.
  Little I reck the meed of such a song;
          Yet will I stretch aloof,
      And tell of Tory principles,
          The right Divine of Kings;
  And Power Supreme that brooks not bold contention:
  Till all the zeal monarchial
  That fired the Preacher, in the Bard shall blaze,
  And what my Sermons were, my Odes once more shall be.

  [2]Good PRICE, to Kings and me a foe no more,
  By LANSDOWN won, shall pay with friendly censure
          His past hostility.
  Nor shall not He assist, my pupil once,
      Of stature small, but doughty tongue,
  Bold ABINGDON, whose rhetoric unrestrain’d,
      Rashes, more lyrically wild,
  [3]Than GREENE’s mad lays, when he out-pindar’d PINDAR.

  With him too, EFFINGHAM his aid shall join,
  [4] Who, erst by GORDON led, with bonfires usher’d
      His Sov’reign’s natal month.
  Secure in such allies, to princely themes,
    To HENRY’s and to EDWARD’s young.
  Dear names, I’ll meditate the faithful song;
      How oft beneath my birch severe,
  Like EFFINGHAM and ABINGDON, they tingled:

      Or to the YOUTH IMMACULATE
    Ascending thence, I’ll sing the strain celestial,
      By PITT, to bless our isle restor’d.
    _Trim_ plenty, _not luxuriant_ as of old,
      Peace, laurel-crown’d no more;
      [5] Justice, that smites by scores, unmov’d;
      And her of verdant locks,
    Commerce, like Harlequin, in motley vesture,
      [6]Whose magic sword with sudden sleight,
    Wav’d o’er the HIBERNIAN treaty, turns to bonds,
  The dreams of airy wealth, that play’d round PATRICK’s[7] eyes.

  But lo! yon bark, that rich with India spoils,
  O’er the wide-swilling ocean rides triumphant,
          Oh! to BRITANNIA’s shore
  In safety waft, ye winds, the precious freight!
          ’Tis HASTINGS; of the prostrate EAST
  Despotic arbiter; whose [8] bounty gave
          My MARKHAM’s delegated rule
  To riot in the plunder of BENARES.

    How yet affrighted GANGES, oft distain’d
  With GENTOO carnage, quakes thro’ all his branches!
          Soon may I greet the morn,
  When, HASTINGS screen’d, DUNDAS and GEORGE’s name.
    Thro’ BISHOPTHORP’s[9] glad roofs shall sound,
  Familiar in domestic merriment;
    Or in thy chosen PLACE, ST. JAMES,
  Be carol’d loud amid th’ applauding IMHOFFS!

        When wealthy Innocence, pursued
    By Factious Envy, courts a Monarch’s succour,
        Mean gifts of vulgar cost, alike
    Dishonour him, who gives, and him, who takes.
            Not thus shall HASTINGS sav’d,
      Thee, BRUNSWICK, and himself disgrace.
        [10]O may thy blooming Heir,
    In virtues equal, be like thee prolific!
        Till a new race of little GUELPS,
    Beneath the rod of future MARKHAMS train’d,
  Lisp on their Grandsire’s knee his mitred Laureat’s lays.

[1] See Virgil’s Æneid, b. vi.

[2] During the Administration of Lord SHELBURNE, I was told by
a friend of mine, that Dr. PRICE took occasion, in his presence,
to declare the most lively abhorrence of the damnable heresies,
which he had formerly advanced against the _Jure divino_ doctrines,
contained in some of my Sermons.

[3] See a translation of PINDAR, by EDWARD BURNABY GKEENE.

[4] This alludes wholly to a private anecdote, and in no degree
to certain malicious reports of the noble Earl’s conduct during
the riots of June, 1780.

[5] The present Ministry have twice gratified the public, with
the awfully sublime spectacle of twenty hanged at one time.

[6] These three lines, I must confess, have been interpolated
since the introduction of the fourth Proposition in the new _Irish_
Resolutions. They arose, however, quite naturally out of my preceding
personification of commerce.

[7] I have taken the liberty of employing _Patrick_ in the same
sense as _Paddy_, to personify the people of _Ireland_. The latter
name was too colloquial for the dignity of my blank verse.

[8] One of the many frivolous charges brought against Mr. Hastings
by factious men, is the removal of a Mr. FOWKE, contrary to the
orders of the Directors, that he might make room for his own
appointment of my so to the Residentship of BENARES. I have ever
thought it my duty to support the late Governor-General, both at
Leadenhall and in the House of Peers, against all such vexatious

[9] As many of my Competitors have complained of Signer Delpini’s
ignorance, I cannot help remarking here, that he did not know
BISHOPTHORP to be the name of my palace, in Yorkshire; he did
not know Mr. Hastings’s house to be in St. James’s-place; he did
not know Mrs. Hastings to have two sons by Mynheer _Imhoff_, her
former husband, still living. And what is more shameful than
all in a Critical Assessor, he had never heard of the poetical
figure, by which I elegantly say, _thy place, St. James’s,_ instead
of _St. James’s-place_.

[10] Signor Delpini wanted to strike out all that follows, because
truly it had no connection with the rest. The transition, like
some others in this and my former Ode to Arthur Onslow, Esq. may
be too fine for vulgar apprehensions, but it is therefore the
more Pindaric.


_Strophe_ I.
  This goodly frame what virtue so approves,
  And testifies the pure ætherial spirit,
  As mild benevolence?
                        _My Ode to Arthur Onslow, Esq._

_Epode_ I.
    How shall my aukward gratitude,
  And the presumption of untutor’d duty
    Attune thy numbers all too rude?
  Little he recks the meed of such a song;
    Yet will I stretch aloof, &c.

_Antistrophe_ II.
      To HENRYS and to EDWARDS old,
  Dread names, I’ll meditate the faithful song, &c.

_Epode_ II.
          Justice with steady brow,
  _Trim_ plenty, _Laureat_ peace, and _green-hair’d_ commerce,
          In flowing robe of _thousand hues_, &c.
On this imitation of myself, I cannot help remarking, how happily
I have now applied some of these epithets, which, it must be
confessed, had not half the propriety before.

_Strophe_ III.
  Or trace her navy, where in towering pride
  O’er the wide-swelling waste it rolls avengeful.

_Antistrophe_ III.
    How headlong Rhone and Ebro, erst distain’d
    With Moorish carnage, quakes thro’ all her branches!
        Soon shall I greet the morn,
    When, Europe saved, BRITAIN and GEORGE’s name
      Shall soon o’er FLANDRIA’s level field,
    Familiar in domestic merriment;
      Or by the jolly mariner
  Be carol’d loud adown the echoing Danube.

_Epode_ III.
          O may your rising hope,
    Well-principled in every virtue, bloom,
          ’Till a fresh-springing flock implore,
    With infant hands, a Grandsire’s powerful prayer,
  Or round your honour’d couch their pratling sports pursue.




Fellow of the Trinity College, in Oxford, late Professor of Poetry
in that University, and now Poet Laureat to his Majesty.

  Amid the thunder of the war,
  True glory guides no echoing car;
  Nor bids the sword her bays bequeath;
  Nor stains with blood her brightest wreath:
    No plumed host her tranquil triumphs own:
  Nor spoils of murder’d multitudes she brings,
  To swell the state of her distinguish’d, kings,
      And deck her chosen throne.
    On that fair throne, to Britain dear,
      With the flowering olive twin’d,
    High she hangs the hero’s spear;
  And there, with all the palms of peace combin’d,
    Her unpolluted hands the milder trophy rear.
  To kings like these, her genuine theme,
    The Muse a blameless homage pays;
  To GEORGE, of kings like these supreme,
    She wishes honour’d length of days,
    Nor prostitutes the tribute of her lays.

    ’Tis his to bid neglected genius glow,
    And teach the regal bounty how to flow;
        His tutelary sceptre’s sway
        The vindicated Arts obey,
          And hail their patron King:
      ’Tis his to judgment’s steady line
      Their flights fantastic to confine,
          And yet expand their wing:
    The fleeting forms of Fashion to restrain,
  And bind capricious Taste in Truth’s eternal chain.
      Sculpture, licentious now no more,
    From Greece her great example takes,
    With Nature’s warmth the marble wakes,
      And spurns the toys of modern lore:
    In native beauty, simply plann’d,
      Corinth, thy tufted shafts ascend;
    The Graces guide the painter’s hand,
      His magic mimicry to blend.

    While such the gifts his reign bestows,
      Amid the proud display,
    Those gems around the throne he throws
          That shed a softer ray:
  While from the summits of sublime Renown
    He wafts his favour’s universal gale,
  With those sweet flowers he binds a crown
    That bloom in Virtue’s humble vale.
    With rich munificence, the nuptial tye,
      Unbroken he combines:----
    Conspicuous in a nation’s eye,
      The sacred pattern shines!
    Fair Science to reform, reward, and raise,
    To spread the lustre of domestic praise;
    To foster Emulation’s holy flame,
    To build Society’s majestic frame:
      Mankind to polish and to teach,
        Be this the monarch’s aim;
      Above Ambition’s giant-reach
        The monarch’s meed to claim.

The illustrious _Arbiters_, of whom we may with great truth describe
the noble Earl as the very _alter-ipse_ of _Mæcenas_, and the worthy
_Pierot_, as the most correct counterpart of _Petronius_, had
carefully revised the whole of the preceding productions, and had
indulged the defeated ambition of restless and aspiring Poetry, with a
most impartial and elaborate _Scrutiny_ (the whole account of which,
faithfully translated from the Italian of _Signor Delpini_, and the
English of the _Earl of Salisbury_, will, in due time, be submitted
to the inspection of the curious), were preparing to make a legal
return, when an event happened that put a final period to their
proceedings.--The following is a correct account of this interesting

On Sunday the 17th of the present month, to wit, July, Anno Domini,
1785, just as his Majesty was ascending the stairs of his gallery,
to attend divine worship at WINDSOR, he was surprized by the
appearance of a little, thick, squat, red-faced man, who, in a
very odd dress, and kneeling upon one knee, presented a piece of
paper for the Royal acceptation. His Majesty, amazed at the sight
of such a figure in such a place, had already given orders to one
of the attendant beef-eaters to dismiss him from his presence,
when, by a certain hasty spasmodic mumbling, together with two or
three prompt quotations from Virgil, the person was discovered to be
no other than the Rev. Mr. _Thomas Warton_ himself, dressed in the
official vesture of his professorship, and the paper which he held
in his hand being nothing else but a fair-written petition, designed
for the inspection of his Majesty, our gracious Sovereign, made up
for the seeming rudeness of the first reception, by a hearty embrace
on recognition; and the contents of the petition being forthwith
examined, were found to be pretty nearly as follows.----We omit
the common-place compliments generally introduced in the exordia
of these applications, as “relying upon your Majesty’s well-known
clemency;” “convinced of your Royal regard for the real interest
of your subjects;” “penetrated with the fullest conviction of your
wisdom and justice,” &c. &c. which, though undoubtedly very true,
when considered as addressed to George the Third, _might_, perhaps,
as matters of mere form, be applied to a Sovereign, who neither
had proved wisdom nor regard for his subjects in one act of his reign,
and proceed to the substance and matter of the complaint itself.
It sets forth,  “That the Petitioner, Mr. _Thomas_, had been many years
a maker of Poetry, as his friend Mr. _Sadler_, the pastry-cook, of
Oxford, and some other creditable witnesses, could well evince:
that many of his works of fancy, and more particularly that one,
which is known by the name of his _Criticisms upon Milton_, had been
well received by the learned; that thus encouraged, he had entered
the list, together with many other great and respectable candidates,
for the honour of a succession to the vacant _Laureatship_; that a
decided return had been made in his favour by the officers best
calculated to judge, namely, the Right Hon. the Earl of Salisbury,
and the learned _Signor Delpini_, his Lordship’s worthy coadjutor;
that the Signor’s delicacy, unhappily for the Petitioner, like that
of Mr. _Corbett_, in the instance of the Westminster election, had
inclined him to the grant of a SCRUTINY; that in consequence of the
vexatious and pertinacious perseverance on the part of several
gentlemen in this illegal and oppressive measure, the Petitioner
had been severely injured in his spirits, his comforts, and his
interest: that he had been for many years engaged in a most laborious
and expensive undertaking, in which he had been honoured with the
most liberal communications from all the universities in Europe,
to wit, a splendid and most correct edition of the _Poemata Minora_,
of the immortal Mr. _Stephen Duck_; that he was also under positive
articles of literary partnership with his brother, the learned and
well-known Dr. _Joseph_, to supply two pages per day in his new work,
now in the press, entitled his Essay _on the Life and Writings_ of
Mr. THOMAS HICKATHRIFT; in both of which great undertakings, the
progress had been most essentially interrupted by the great anxiety
and distress of mind, under which the Petitioner has for some time
laboured, on account of this inequitable scrutiny; that the Petitioner
is bound by his honour and his engagement to prepare a new Ode for
the birth-day of her most gracious Majesty, which he is very desirous
of executing with as much poetry, perspicuity, and originality, as
are universally allowed to have characterised his last effusion,
in honour of the Natal Anniversary of his Royal Master’s sacred
self; that there are but six months to come for such a preparation,
and that the Petitioner has got no farther yet than ’Hail Muse!’
in the first stanza, which very much inclines him to fear he shall
not be able to finish the whole in the short period above-mentioned,
unless his Majesty should be graciously pleased to order some of
his Lords of the Bed-chamber to assist him, or should command a
termination to the vexatious enquiry now pending. In humble hopes
that these several considerations would have their due influence
with his Majesty, the Petitioner concludes with the usual prayer,
and signed himself as underneath, &c. &c. &c.
                                            THO. WARTON, B.D. &c. &c.”

Such was the influence of the above admirable appeal on the
sympathetic feelings of Majesty, that the sermon, which we understand
was founded upon the text, “_Let him keep his tongue from evil, and
his lips that they speak no untruth_,” and which was _not_ preached by
Dr. _Prettyman_, was entirely neglected, and a message instantly
written, honoured by the Sign Manual, and directed to the office
of the Right Hon. Lord _Sydney_, Secretary for the Home Department,
enjoining an immediate redress for Mr. _Thomas_, and a total
suspension of any further proceedings in a measure which (as the
energy of Royal eloquence expressed it) was of such unexampled
injustice, illegality, and oppression, as that of a _scrutiny after a
fair poll, and a decided superiority of admitted suffrages_. This
message, conveyed, as its solemnity well required, by no other Person
than the Honourable young _Tommy_ himself, Secretary to his amazing
father, had its due influence with the Court; the Noble Lord broke his
wand; Mr. _Delpini_ executed a _chacone_, and tried at a _somerset_;
he grinned a grim obedience to the mandate, and calling for pen, ink,
and paper, wrote the following letter to the Printer of that favourite
diurnal vehicle through whose medium these effusions had been
heretofore submitted to the public:

On vous requis, you are hereby commandie not to pooblish any more
of de _Ode Probationare--mon cher ami, Monsieur George le Roi_, says
it be ver bad to vex Monsieur le petit homme avec le grand
paunch--_Monsieur Wharton_, any more vid scrutinée; je vous commande
derefore to finis--Que le Roi soit loué!--God save de King! mind vat I
say--ou le grand George and le bon Dieu damn votre ame & bodie, vos
jambes, & vos pies, for ever and ever--pour jamais.
                                                (Signed) DELPINI.”

Nothing now remained, but for the Judges to make their return,
which having done in favour of Mr. _Thomas Warton_, the original
object of their preference, whom they now pronounced duly elected,
the following Imperial notice was published in the succeeding
Saturday’s _Gazette_, confirming the Nomination, and giving legal
Sanction to the Appointment.


To all CHRISTIAN PEOPLE to whom these presents shall come, greeting,

Know Ye, That by and with the advice, consent, concurrence, and
approbation of our right trusty and well-beloved cousins, James Cecil,
Earl of Salisbury, and Antonio Franciso Ignicio Delpini, Esq. Aur.
and Pierot to the Theatre-royal, Hay-market, WE, for divers good
causes and considerations, us thereunto especially moving, have
made, ordained, nominated, constituted, and appointed, and by
these presents do make, ordain, nominate, constitute, and appoint,
the Rev. Thomas Warton, B.D. to be our true and only legal Laureat,
Poet, and Poetaster; that is to say, to pen, write, compose,
transpose, select, dictate, compile, indite, edite, invent, design,
steal, put together, transcribe, frame, fabricate, manufacture,
make, join, build, scrape, grub, collect, vamp, find, discover,
catch, smuggle, pick-up, beg, borrow, or buy, in the same manner
and with the same privileges as have been usually practised, and
heretofore enjoyed by every other Laureat, whether by our Sacred
Self appointed, or by our Royal predecessors, who now dwell with
their fathers: and for this purpose, to produce, deliver, chaunt,
or sing, as in our wisdom aforesaid we shall judge proper, at the
least three good and substantial Odes, in the best English or
German verse, in every year, that is to say, one due and proper Ode
on the Nativity of our blessed Self; one due and proper Ode on
the Nativity of our dearest and best beloved Royal Consort, for
the time being; and also one due and proper Ode on the day of the
Nativity of every future Year, of which God grant We may see many.
And we do hereby most strictly command and enjoin, that no Scholar,
Critic, Wit, Orthographer, or Scribbler, shall, by gibes, sneers,
jests, judgments, quibbles, or criticisms, molest, interrupt,
incommode, disturb, or confound the said Thomas Warton, or break the
peace of his orderly, quiet, pains-taking, and inoffensive Muse, in
the said exercise of his said duty. And we do hereby will and direct,
that if any of the person or persons aforesaid, notwithstanding our
absolute and positive command, shall be found offending against
this our Royal Proclamation, that he, she, or they being duly
convicted, shall, for every such crime and misdemeanor, be punished
in the manner and form following; to wit--For the first offence he
shall be drawn on a sledge to the most conspicuous and notorious
part of our ever faithful city of London, and shall then and there,
with an audible voice, pronounce, read, and deliver three several
printed speeches of our right, trusty, and approved MAJOR JOHN
SCOTT.--For the second offence, that he be required to translate into
good and lawful English one whole unspoken speech of our right
trusty and well-beloved cousin and councellor, Lord Viscount
MOUNTMORRES, of the kingdom of _Ireland_;--and for the third offence,
that he be condemned to read one whole page of the Poems, Essays,
or Criticisms of our said Laureat, Mr. Thomas Warton.----And whereas
the said office of Laureat is a place of the last importance,
inasmuch as the person holding it has confided to him the care
of making the Royal virtues known to the world; and we being minded
and desirous that the said T. Warton should execute and perform
the duties of his said office with the utmost dignity and decorum,
NOW KNOW YE, That we have thought it meet to draw up a due and
proper Table of Instructions, hereunto annexed, for the use of
the said Thomas Warton, in his said poetical exercise and employment,
which we do hereby most strictly will and enjoin the said Thomas
Warton to abide by and follow, under pain of incurring our most
high displeasure.

                          Given at our Court at St. James’s, this
                              30th day of May, one thousand seven
                              hundred and eighty-five.
                                             _Vivant Rex & Regina._


                      _Chamberlain’s Office, May 30th, 1785._

1st, That in fabricating the catalogue of Regal Virtues (in which
task the Poet may much assist his invention by perusing the Odes
of his several predecessors) you be particularly careful not to
omit his Chastity, his skill in Mechanics, and his Royal Talent
of Child-getting.--

2dly, It is expected that you should be very liberally endowed
with the gift of Prophecy; but be very careful not to predict any
event but what may be perfectly acceptable to your Sovereign, such
as the subjugation of America, the destruction of the Whigs,
long-life, &c. &c.

3dly, That you be always provided with a due assortment of true,
good-looking, and legitimate words; and that you do take all
necessary care not to apply them but on their proper occasions;
as for example, not to talk of dove-eyed peace, nor the gentle
olive, in time of war; nor of trumpets, drums, fifes, nor
[1]ECHOING CARS, in times of peace--as, for the sake of poetical
conveniency, several of your predecessors have been known to do.

4thly, That as the Sovereign for the time being must always be
the best, the greatest, and the wisest, that ever existed; so
the year also, for the time being, must be the happiest, the
mildest, the fairest, and the most prolific that ever occurred.--What
reflections upon the year past you think proper.

5thly, That Music being a much higher and diviner science than
Poetry, your Ode must always be adapted to the Music, and not
the Music to your Ode.--The omission of a line or two cannot be
supposed to make any material difference either in the poetry
or in sense.

6thly, That as these sort of invitations have of late years been
considered by the Muses as mere cards of compliment, and of course
have been but rarely accepted, you must not waste more than twenty
lines in invoking the Nine, nor repeat the word “Hail!” more than
fifteen times at farthest.

7thly, And finally, That it may not be amiss to be a little

[1] It is evident from this expression, that these instructions
had not been delivered to Mr. Warton at the time of his writing
his last famous Ode on the Birth-day of his Majesty: a circumstance
which makes that amazing composition still more extraordinary.

[2] This is an additional proof that Mr. Warton had not received,
the Instructions at the time he composed his said Ode.



                    *     *     *     *     *



The very favourable reception given to the ROLLIAD, and PROBATIONARY
ODES, has induced the Editor to conceive, that a collection of
political _Jeus d’Esprits_, by the authors of those celebrated
performances, would prove equally acceptable. Various publications
upon a similar plan have already been attempted; but their good
things have been so scantily interspersed, that they have appeared
like GRATIANO’s reasons, “_as two grains of_ WHEAT _in a bushel of_
CHAFF.” In the present Edition are contained not only a number
of pieces which have at different times been given to the Public,
but also a variety of Original Articles, which but for the flattering
confidence of private friendship, would have still remained in
the closets of their authors. MISCELLANIES, indeed, in any state,
from the variety which they afford, must ever be attractive; but,
when added to this inherent advantage, they also possess the benefit
of a proper selection, their attraction must of necessity become
materially enhanced. The fame of the Authors of the following
sheets is too well established in the mind of every person of
taste and literature, to derive any aid from our feeble panegyric.
It is only to be lamented that, from the peculiar circumstances
under which these their poetical offspring make their appearance,
the Parents’ names cannot be announced to the world with all that
parade which accompanies a more legal intercourse with the Muses.
Perhaps, however, the vigour and native energy of the Parents,
appear much more prominent in these ardent inspirations of nature,
than in the cold, nerveless, unimpassioned efforts of a legitimate
production. It may here be objected by some fastidious critics,
that if writings, evidently so reputable to the fame of the authors,
are of such a construction as to be unfit to be acknowledged, that
they are equally unfit for publication: but let these gentlemen
recollect, that it has ever been held perfectly justifiable to
utter those sarcasms under a masque, which the strict rules of
decorum would render inadmissible in any other situation. The shafts
of ridicule have universally been found more efficacious in correcting
folly and impertinence, than the most serious reproof; and while
we pursue the example of POPE, SWIFT, ARBUTHNOT, ADDISON, and others
of the wittiest, the wisest, and the best men of the age in which
they lived, we shall little fear the cavils of ill-nature. If it
should be urged that the subjects of these political productions
are merely temporary, and will be forgotten with the hour which
gave them birth; let it at the same time be recollected, that though
the heroes of the DUNCIAD have sunk into their native obscurity,
the reputation of the poem which celebrated their worth, still
retains its original splendour. And, in truth, as a matter of equity,
if blockheads and dunces are worthy to be recorded in the Poet’s
page, why may not Privy Councillors and Lords of the Bedchamber
demand a similar exaltation?


                    *     *     *     *     *

_By the Rev_. W. MASON, M.A.

[The following second attempt of Mr. MASON, at the ROYAL SACK, was
not inserted in the celebrated collection of Odes formed by Sir
JOHN HAWKINS.--What might be the motive of the learned Knight for
this omission can at present only be known to himself.--Whether
he treasured it up for the next edition of his Life of Dr. JOHNSON,
or whether he condemned it for its too close resemblance to a
former elegant lyric effusion of the Rev. Author, must remain for
time, or Mr, FRANCIS BARBER, to develope.--Having, however, been
fortunate enough to procure a copy, we have printed both the Odes
in opposite leaves, that in case the latter supposition should
turn out to be well founded, the public may decide how far the worthy
magistrate was justified in this exclusion.]

ODE                                       ODE

_To the Honourable_ WILLIAM PITT.         _To the Right Hon._ WILLIAM PITT.

_By_ W. MASON, _M.A._                     _By_ W. MASON, _M.A._

  Μή νὺν, οτι φθονεραὶ                    “Give not the Mitre now!
  Θνατὣν φρένας ἀμφικρέμανται έλπίδες,    Lest base-tongued ENVY squinting at my
  Μήτ᾽ ἀρετάν ποτε σιγάτω πατρῴαν,        Cry, ’lo! the price for CAVENDISH
  Μηδὲ τούσδ ὕμνους.                      But in good time nor that, oh! PITT!
                   PINDAR, Isthm. Ode 2.                                 forget,
                                          Nor my more early service yet unpaid,
                                          My puffs on CHATHAM in his offspring’s
                                          Not what this loyal Ode shall add to
                                                                swell the debt.”
                                                             MY OWN TRANSLATION.

  I.                                      I.
  ’Tis May’s meridian reign; yet Eurus    ’Tis now the TENTH of APRIL; yet the
                                    cold                                    wind
  Forbids each shrinking thorn its        In frigid fetters doth each blossom
                          leaves unfold,                                   bind,
    Or hang with silver buds her rural      No silver buds her rural throne
                                 throne:                                 emboss:
  No primrose shower from her green lap   No violets _blue_ from her _green_ lap
                          she throws[1],                          she throws[2];
  No daisy, violet, or cowslip blows,     Oh! lack-a-daisy! not a daisy blows,
    And Flora weeps her fragrant            And (ere she has them) FLORA weeps
                         offspring gone.                             their loss.
      Hoar frost arrests the genial dew;      Hoar frost, with bailiff’s grizly
      To wake, to warble, and to woo          At Winter’s suit, arrests the dew;
        No linnet calls his drooping            No Cuckow wakes her drowsy mate:
      Shall then the poet strike the          His harp then shall a Parson
                                   lyre,                                  strum,
      When mute are all the feather’d         When other Blackbirds all are
                                  quire,                                   dumb,
  And Nature fails to warm the syrens of  When neither Starlings, Daws, or
                              the grove?                          Magpies prate?

  II.                                     II.
  He shall: for what the sullen Spring    He shall: for what the sulky Spring
                                  denies                                 denies,
  The orient beam of virtuous youth       An annual butt of sugar’d SACK
                               supplies:                               supplies;
    That moral dawn be his inspiring        That beverage sweet be his inspiring
                                  flame.                                  flame,
  Beyond the dancing radiance of the      Cloath’d in the radiant influence of
                                    east                               the East,
  Thy glory, son of CHATHAM! fires his    Thy glory, son of CHATHAM, fires his
                                 breast,                                 breast;
    And proud to celebrate thy vernal       And swift to adulate thy vernal
                                   fame.                                   fame,
      Hark, from this lyre the strain         Hark! from his lyre a strain is
                                ascends,                                  heard,
      Which but to Freedom’s fav’rite         In hopes, ere long, to be
                                 friends                              preferred,
        That lyre disdains to sound.            To sit in state ’midst mitred
      Hark and approve, as did thy            Hark and approve! as did thy sire,
      The lays which once with kindred        The lays which, nodding by the
                                    fire                                   fire,
  His muse in attic mood made Mona’s      To gentle slumbers sooth’d his
                           oaks rebound.                         listening ears.

  III.                                    III.
  Long silent since, save when, in        Long silent since, save when on
                          KEPPEL’s name,                           t’other side,
  Detraction, murd’ring BRITAIN’s naval   In KEPPEL’s praise to little purpose
                                   fame,                                  tried,
    Rous’d into sounds of scorn th’         I rous’d to well-feign’d scorn the
                    indignant string[4].                       indignant string;
  But now, replenish’d with a richer      But now replete with a more hopeful
                                  theme,                                  theme,
  The vase of harmony shall pour its      The o’erflowing ink-bottle shall pour
                                 stream,                             its stream,
    Fann’d by free Fancy’s                  Through quills by Dullness pluck’d
                 rainbow-tinctur’d wing.              from gosling’s downy wing.
      Thy country too shall hail the          St. JAMES’s too shall hail the
                                   song,                                   song,
      Her echoing heart the notes             Her echoing walls the notes
                                prolong;                                prolong,
        While they alone with [5]envy           Whilst they alone with sorrow
                                   sigh,                                   sigh.
      Whose rancour to thy parent dead        Whose reverence for thy parent
      Aim’d, ere his funeral rites were       Now bids them hang their drooping
                                   paid,                                   head,
    With vain vindictive rage to starve     And weep, to mark the conduct of his
                            his progeny.                                progeny.

  IV.                                                       IV.
  From earth and these the muse averts    From these the courtly muse averts her
                               her view,                                    eye.
  To meet in yonder sea of ether blue     To meet with genuine unaffected joy
  A beam to which the blaze of noon is    A scene that passes in the Closet’s
                                   pale:                                  gloom;
  In purpling circles now the glory       In whitening circles the dim glory
                                spreads,                                spreads,
  A host of angels now unveil their       Bedchamber Lords unveil their powder’d
                                  heads,                                  heads,
    While heav’n’s own music triumphs on    And Tory triumphs sound throughout
                               the gale.                               the room:
      Ah see, two white-rob’d seraphs         Ah! see two Jannisaries lead
      Thy father’s venerable shade;           Illustrious BUTE’s thrice-honour’d
        He bends from yonder cloud of           Behind yon curtain did he stand,
      While they, the ministers of            Whilst they (which Whigs with
                                  light,                            horror mark)
      Bear from his breast a mantle           Bear from his cloak a lantern
                                 bright,                                   dark,
  And with the heav’n-wove robe thy       And trust the hallow’d engine to thy
                  youthful limbs enfold.                          youthful hand.

  V.                                                        V.
  “Receive this mystic gift, my son!” he  “Receive this mystic gift, brave boy,”
                                  cries,                               he cries,
  “And, for so wills the Sovereign of     “And if so please the Sovereign of the
                              the skies,                                  skies,
    With this receive, at ALBION’s          With this receive at GEORGE’s
                           anxious hour,                           anxious hour,
  A double portion of my patriot zeal,    A double portion of my Tory zeal,
  Active to spread the fire it dar’d to   Active to spread the fire it dared to
                                    feel                                   feel,
    Thro’ raptur’d senates, and with        Through venal senates, and with
                             awful power                        boundless pow’r,
    From the full fountain of the tongue    From the full fountain of the
    To call the rapid tide along            To roll a tide of words along,
      Till a whole nation caught the          Till a whole nation is deceived.
    So on thy sire shall heav’n bestow,     So shall thy early labours gain
    A blessing TULLY fail’d to know,        A blessing BUTE could ne’er attain;
  And redolent in thee diffuse thy        In fact, a Courtier be, yet Patriot be
                          father’s fame.                               believed.

  VI.                                     VI.
  “Nor thou, ingenuous boy! that Fame     “Nor thou, presumptuous imp, that fame
                                 despise                                 disown,
  Which lives and spreads abroad in       Which draws its splendor from a
                     Heav’n’s pure eyes,                       monarch’s throne,
    The last best energy of noble           Sole energy of many a lordly mind,
  Revere thy father’s shade; like him     Revere the shade of BUTE, subservient
                                 disdain                                   still
  The tame, the timid, temporizing        To the high dictates of the Royal
                                  train,                                   will;
    Awake to self, to social interest       Awake to self, to social interest
                                  blind:                                  blind.
      Young as thou art, occasion calls,      Young as thou art, occasion calls,
      Thy country’s scale or mounts or        Prerogative or mounts or falls
        As thou and thy compatriots             As thou and thy compatriots[7]
                                 strive;                                 strive,
      Scarce is the fatal moment past         Scarce in the fatal moment past
      That trembling ALBION deem’d her        Which Secret Influence deem’d her
                                   last,                                   last,
  O knit the union firm, and bid an       Oh! save the expiring fiend, and bid
                            empire live.                        her empire live!

  VII.                                    VII.
  “Proceed, and vindicate fair Freedom’s  “Proceed!--Uphold Prerogative’s high
                                  claim,                                  claim,
  Give life, give strength, give          Give life, give strength, give
                  substance to her name;                  substance to her name!
    The native rights of man with Fraud     The rights divine of Kings with
                                contest.                          Whigs contest;
  Yes, snatch them from Corruption’s      Save them from Freedom’s bold
                          baleful power,                       incroaching hand,
  Who dares, in Day’s broad eye, those    Who dares, in Day’s broad eye, those
                          rights devour,                       rights withstand,
    While prelates bow, and bless the       And be by Bishops thy endeavours
                            harpy feast.                               bless’d!”
      If foil’d at first, resume thy          If foil’d at first, resume thy
                                 course,                                 course,
      Rise strengthen’d with ANTÆAN           Whilst I, though writing worse and
                                  force,                                  worse,
        So shall thy toil in conquest           Thy glorious efforts will
                                    end.                                 record;
      Let others court the tinsel things      Let others seek by other ways,
      That hang upon the smile of kings,      The public’s unavailing praise,
  Be thine the muse’s wreath; be thou     Be mine the BUTT OF SACK--be thou the
                 _the people’s friend_.”                        TREASURY’S LORD!

[1] This expression is taken from Milton’s song on May Morning,
to which this stanza in general alludes, and the 4th verse in
the next.

[2] Improved from Milton.

[3] The poem of Curactacus was read in Ms. by the late Earl of
Chatham, who honoured it with an approbation which the author
is here proud to record.

[4] See Ode to the Naval Officers of Great Britain, written 1779.

[5] See the motto from Pindar.

[6] in allusion to a fine and well-known passage in MILTON’s Lycidas.

[7] Messrs. JENKINSON, ROBINSON, DUNDAS, &c. &c.



  While on the Treasury-Bench you, PITT, recline,
  And make men wonder at each vast design;
  I, hapless man, my harsher fate deplore,
  Ordain’d to view the regal face no more;
  That face which erst on me with rapture glow’d,            5
  And smiles responsive to my smiles bestow’d:
  But now the Court I leave, my native home,
  “A banish’d man, condemn’d in woods to roam;”
  While you to senates, BRUNSWICK’s mandates give,
  And teach white-wands to chaunt his high prerogative.     10

  Oh! LANSDOWNE, ’twas a more than mortal pow’r
  My fate controul’d, in that auspicious hour,
  When TEMPLE deign’d the dread decree to bring,
  And stammer’d out the _Firmaun_ of the King:
  That power I’ll worship as my houshold god,               15
  Shrink at his frown, and bow beneath his nod;
  At every feast his presence I’ll invoke,
  For him my kitchen fires shall ever smoke;
  Not mighty HASTINGS, whose illustrious breath
  Can bid a RAJAH live, or give him death,                  20
  Though back’d by SCOTT, by BARWELL, PALK, and all
  The sable squadron scowling from BENGAL;
  Not the bold Chieftain of the tribe of PHIPPS,
  Whose head is scarce less handsome than his ship’s;
  Not bare-breech’d GRAHAM, nor bare-witted ROSE,           25
  Nor the GREAT LAWYER with the LITTLE NOSE;
  Not even VILLIERS’ self shall welcome be,
  To dine so oft, or dine so well as he.

  Think not these sighs denote one thought unkind,
  Wonder, not Envy, occupies my mind;                       30
  For well I wot on that unhappy day,
  When BRITAIN mourn’d an empire giv’n away;
  When rude impeachments menaced from afar,
  And what gave peace to FRANCE--to us was war;
  For awful vengeance Heav’n appeared to call,              35
  And agonizing Nature mark’d our fall.
  Dire change! DUNDAS’s cheek with blushes glow’d,
  GRENVILLE was dumb, MAHON no phrenzy show’d;
  Though DRAKE harrangu’d, no slumber GILBERT fear’d,
  And MULGRAVE’s mouth like other mouths appear’d;          40
  In vain had BELLAMY prepar’d the meat;
  In vain the porter; BAMBER could not eat;
  When BURKE arose no yell the curs began,
  And ROLLE, for once, half seem’d a gentleman:
  Then name this god, for to St. JAMES’s Court,             45
  Nor gods nor angels often make resort.

  In early youth misled by Honour’s rules,
  That fancied Deity of dreaming fools;
  I simply thought, forgive the rash mistake,
  That Kings should govern tor their People’s sake:         50
  But Reverend JENKY soon these thoughts supprest,
  And drove the glittering phantom from my breast;
  JENKY! that sage, whom mighty George declares,
  Next SCHWELLENBURGEN, great on the back stairs:
  ’Twas JENKINSON--ye Deacons, catch the sound!             55
  Ye Treasury scribes, the sacred name rebound!
  Ye pages, sing it--echo it, ye Peers!
  And ye who best repeat, Right Reverend Seers!
  Whose pious tongues no wavering fancies sway,
  But like the needle ever point one way.                   60

  Thrice happy youth! secure from every change,
  Thy beasts unnumber’d, ’mid the Commons range;
  Whilst thou, by JOVE’s ætherial spirit fired,
  Or by sweet BRUNSWICK’s sweeter breath inspired,
  Another ORPHEUS every bosom chear,                        65
  And sticks, and stocks, and stones, roar _hear! hear! hear!_
  Raised by thy pipe the savage tribes advance,
  And Bulls and Bears in mystic mazes dance:
  For me no cattle now my steps attend,
  Ev’n PRICE and PRIESTLY, wearied, scorn their friend;     70
  And these twin sharers of my festive board,
  Hope of my flock, now seek some richer Lord.

  Sooner shall EFFINGHAM clean linen wear,
  Or MORNINGTON without his star appear;
  Sooner each prisoner BULLER’s law escape;                 75
  Sooner shall QUEENSBURY commit a rape;
  Sooner shall POWNEY, HOWARD’s noddle reach;
  Sooner shall THURLOW hear his brother preach;
  Sooner with VESTRIS, Bootle shall contend;
  Sooner shall EDEN not betray his friend;                  80
  Sooner DUNDAS an Indian bribe decline;
  Sooner shall I my chastity resign;
  Sooner shall Rose than PRETTYMAN lie faster,
  Than PITT forget that JENKINSON’s his maker.

  Yet oft in times of yore I’ve seen thee stand             85
  Like a tall May-pole ’mid the patriot band;
  While with reforms you tried each baneful art,
  To wring fresh sorrows from your Sovereign’s heart;
  That heart, where every virtuous thought is known,
  But modestly locks up and keeps them all his own.         90

  ’Twas then that PITT, for youth such warmth allows,
  To wanton Freedom paid his amorous vows;
  Lull’d by her smiles, each offer I withstood,
  And thought the greatest bliss my country’s good.
  ’Twas pride, not passion, madden’d in my brain,           95
  I wish’d to rival FOX, but wish’d in vain;
  Fox, the dear object of bright Freedom’s care,
  Fox still the favourite of the BRITISH fair;
  But while with wanton arts the syren strove
  To fix my heart, and wile me to her love;                100
  Too soon I found my hasty choice to blame,
  --Freedom and Poverty are still the same--
  While piles of massy gold his coffers fill,
  Who votes subservient to his Sovereign’s will.

  Enough, break off--on RICHMOND I must wait;              105
  And DEBBIEG too will think I stay too late;
  Yet ere I go some friendly aid I’d prove,
  The last sad tribute of a master’s love.
  In that famed College where true wisdom’s found,
  For MACHIAVELIAN policy renown’d,                        110
  The pious pastors first fill’d LANSDOWNE’s mind,
  With all the lore for Ministers design’d:
  Then mark my words, and soon those Seers shall see
  Their famed IGNATIUS far outdone in thee;--
  In every action of your life be shown,                   115
  You think the world was made for you alone;
  With cautious eye each character survey,
  Woo to deceive, and promise to betray;
  Let no rash passion Caution’s bounds destroy,
  And ah! no more appear “THE ANGRY BOY!”                  120

  Yet stay--Behold the Heav’ns begin to lour,
  And HOLLAND threatens with a thunder show’r;
  With me partake the feast, on this green box,
  Full fraught with many a feast for factious Fox;
  Each sapient hint that pious PRETTY gleans,              125
  And the huge bulk of ROSE’s Ways and Means;
  See too the smoaky citizens approach,
  Piled with petitions view their Lord Mayor’s coach;
  Ev’n now their lengthen’d shadows reach this floor,
  Oh! that d--n’d SHOP-TAX--AUBREY, shut the door!         130

THE STATESMEN.] It will be unnecessary to inform the classical
reader, that this Eclogue evidently commences as an imitation
of the 1st. of Vergil--the Author, however, with a boldness
perfectly characteristic of the personages he was to represent,
has in the progress of his work carefully avoided every thing
like a too close adherence to his original design.

Line 8.--_A banish’d man_, &c.] Vide the noble Marquis’s celebrated
speech, on the no less celebrated IRISH PROPOSITIONS.

Line 14.--_And stammer’d out the_ FIRMAUN, &c.] When a language
happens to be deficient in a word to express a particular idea,
it has been ever customary to borrow one from some good-natured
neighbour, who may happen to be more liberally furnished. Our Author,
unfortunately, could find no nation nearer than TURKEY, that was
able to supply him with an expression perfectly apposite to the
sentiment intended to be here conveyed.

Line 25.--_Not bare-breeche’d_ GRAHAM.] His Lordship some time since
brought in a bill to relieve his countrymen from those habilliments
which in ENGLAND are deemed a necessary appendage to decorum, but
among our more northern brethren are considered as a degrading
shackle upon natural liberty. Perhaps, as the noble Lord was then
on the point of marriage, he might intend this offering of his
_opima spolia_, as an elegant compliment to HYMEN.

Line 51.--_But Reverend_ JENKY.] Our Author here, in some measure
deviating from his usual perspicuity, has left us in doubt whether
the term _Reverend_ is applied to the years or to the profession
of the gentleman intended to be complimented. His long experience
in the secrets of the CRITICAL REVIEW, and BUCKINGHAM HOUSE, would
well justify the former supposition; yet his early admission into
DEACON’S ORDERS will equally support the latter: our readers
therefore must decide, while we can only sincerely exult in his
Majesty’s enjoyment of a man whose whole pious life has been spent
in sustaining that beautiful and pathetic injunction of scripture,

Line 68.--_And Bulls and Bears in mystic mazes dance_.] The beautiful
allusion here made to that glorious state of doubt and obscurity
in which our youthful Minister’s measures have been invariably
involved, with its consequent operation on the stockholders, is
here most fortunately introduced.--What a striking contrast does
Mr. PITT’s conduct, in this particular, form to that of the Duke
of PORTLAND, Mr. Fox, and your other _plain matter of fact men!_

Line 83.--_Sooner shall_ ROSE _than_ PRETTYMAN _lie faster_.] This
beautiful compliment to the happy art of embellishment, so wonderfully
possessed by this _par nobile fratrum_, merits our warmest applause;
and the skill of our author no where appears more conspicious than
in this line, where, in refusing to give to either the pre-eminence,
he bestows the _ne plus ultra_ of excellence on both.



PLENIPOTENTIARY _of Commercial Affairs at the Court of_ VERSAILLES.

  Of EDEN lost, in ancient days,
  If we believe what MOSES says,
    A paltry pippin was the price,
    One crab was bribe enough to entice
  Frail human kind from Virtue’s ways.

  But now, when PITT, the all-perfect, sways,
  No such vain lures the tempter lays,
    Too poor to be the purchase twice,
                                Of EDEN lost.

  The Dev’l grown wiser, to the gaze
  Six thousand pounds a year displays,
    And finds success from the device;
    Finds this fair fruit too well suffice
  To pay the peace, and honest praise,
                                Of EDEN lost.


  “A mere affair of trade to embrace,
  Wines, brandies, gloves, fans, cambricks, lace;
    For this on me my Sovereign laid
    His high commands, and I obeyed;
  Nor think, my lord, this conduct base.

  “Party were guilt in such a case,
  When thus my country, for a space,
    Calls my poor skill to DORSET’s aid
                          A mere affair of trade!”

  Thus EDEN, with unblushing face,
  To NORTH would palliate his disgrace;
    When NORTH, with smiles, this answer made:
    “You might have spared what you have said;
  I thought the business of your place
                          A mere affair of trade!”


  Around the tree, so fair, so green,
  Erewhile, when summer shone serene,
    Lo! where the leaves in many a ring,
    Before the wint’ry tempest wing,
  Fly scattered o’er the dreary scene:

  Such, NORTH, thy friends. Now cold and keen
  Thy Winter blows; no shelt’ring skreen
    They stretch, no graceful shade they fling
                                  Around the tree.

  Yet grant, just Fate, each wretch so mean,
  Like EDEN, pining in his spleen
    For posts, for stars, for strings, may swing
    On two stout posts in hempen string!
  Few eyes would drop a tear, I ween,
                                  Around the tree.


  “The JORDAN have you been to see?”
  Cried FOX, when late with shuffling plea,
    Poor EDEN stammer’d at excuse,
    But why the JORDAN introduce?
  What JORDAN too will here agree?

  That JORDAN which from spot could free
  One man unclean here vain would be:
    If yet those powers of wond’rous use
                                  The JORDAN have!

  One fitter JORDAN of the three
  Would I for EDEN’s meed decree;
    With me then open every sluice,
    And foaming high with streams profuse,
  For EDENS head may all with me
                                  The JORDAN have!


  For EDEN’s place, where circling round
  EUPHRATES wash’d the hallow’d mound,
    The learned long in vain have sought;
    ’Twas GREECE, ’twas POLAND, some have taught;
  Some hold it in the deluge drown’d:
  PITT thinks his search at PARIS crown’d;
  See the Gazette his proofs expound!
    Yet who of looking there had thought
                                For EDEN’s place!

  No;--view yon frame with dirt embrown’d,
  Some six feet rais’d above the ground,
    Where rogues, exalted as they ought,
    To peep through three round holes are brought,
  There will the genuine spot be found
                                For EDEN’s place!



      That Master PITT seems
      To be fond of extremes,
  No longer is thought any riddle;
      For sure we may say,
      ’Tis as plain as the day,
  That he always kept clear of the middle.


  ’Tis true, indeed, we oft abuse him,
    Because he bends to no man;
  But Slander’s self dares not accuse him
    Of stiffness to a woman.


  “No! no! for my virginity,
  When I lose that,” quoth PITT, “I’ll die;”
  Cries WILBERFORCE, “If not till then,
  By G--d you must outlive all men[1].”


  On _fair and equal_ terms to place
    An union is thy care;
  But trust me, POWIS, in this case
  The _equal_ should not please his Grace,
    And PITT dislikes the _fair_.


        The virulent fair,
        Protest and declare,
    This Ministry’s not to their hearts;
        For say what they will,
        To them Master BILL
      Has never discover’d his parts.


  ----_Ex nihilo nil fit._

  When PITT exclaim’d, “By measures I’ll be tried,”
  That false appeal all woman-kind denied.


    Incautious Fox will oft repose
      In fair one’s bosom thoughts of worth;
    But PITT his secrets keeps so close,
      No female arts can draw them forth.


    Had PITT to his advice inclined,
      SIR CECIL had undone us;
    But he, a friend to womankind,
      Would nothing lay upon us.


  _On_ Mr. PITT’s _Prudence_.

  Though PITT have to women told some things, no doubt;
  Yet his private affairs they have never found out.


    Who dares assert that virtuous PITT
      Partakes in female pleasures;
    For know there ne’er was woman yet
      Could e’er endure half measures.


_Puer loquitur._

      Though big with mathematic pride,
      By me this axiom is denied;
      I can’t conceive, upon my soul,
      My parts are equal to the _whole_.

[1] “No! no! for my virginity,
    When I lose that,” quoth PITT, “I’ll die;
    Behind the elms last night,” quoth DICK,
    “Rose, were you not extremely sick?”          PRIOR.

[2] A coalition between the DUKE OF PORTLAND and Mr. PITT, was
attempted to be formed by Mr. POWIS, and the other Country
Gentlemen.--This endeavour, however, was defeated in consequence of
Mr. PITT’s construction of the terms _fair and equal_.


Why, says an indignant poet, should Mr. ROLLE alone, of all the
geniuses that distinguish the present period, be thought the only
person of worth or talents enough to give birth and name to an
immortal effusion of divine poesy? He questions not that great
man’s pretensions; far from it; he reveres his ancestors, adores
his talents, and feels something hardly short of idolatry towards
his manners and accomplishments.--But still, why such profusion
of distinction towards one, to the exclusion of many other high
characters? Our Poet professes to feel this injustice extremely,
and has made the following attempt to rescue one deserving man from
so unmerited an obloquy. The reader will perceive the measure to
be an imitation of that which has been so deservedly admired in
our immortal bard, in his play of “_As You Like It._”

  From the East to the Western Inde
  No Jewel is like Rosalind;
  Her worth being mounted on the wind,
  Thro’ all the world bears Rosalind, &c. &c.

This kind of verse is adopted by the poet to avoid any appearance
of too servile an imitation of the ROLLIAD. He begins,

  Ye patriots all, both great and small,
  Resign the palm to DELAVAL;
  The virtues would’st thou practise all,
  So in a month did DELAVAL.
  A _patriot_ first both stout and tall,
  Firm for the day was DELAVAL.
  The friend to court, where frowns appal,
  The next became good DELAVAL.--
  Wilt thou against oppression bawl?
  Just so did valiant DELAVAL!
  Yet in a month, thyself enthral,
  So did the yielding DELAVAL:
  Yet give to both, a dangerous fall,
  So did reflecting DELAVAL.
  If resignation’s good in all,
  Why so it is in DELAVAL:
  For if you p--- against a wall,
  Just so you may ’gainst DELAVAL:
  And if with foot you kick a ball,
  E’en so you may--a DELAVAL.
  ’Gainst _influence_ would’st thou vent thy gall,
  Thus did the patriot DELAVAL:
  Yet servile stoop to Royal call,
  So did the loyal DELAVAL.
  What friend to Freedom’s fair-built Hall,
  Was louder heard than DELAVAL?
  Yet who the _Commons_ rights to maul,
  More stout was found than DELAVAL?
  --’Gainst Lords and Lordlings would’st thou brawl,
  Just so did he--SIR DELAVAL:
  Yet on thy knees, to honours crawl,
  Oh! so did he--LORD DELAVAL.
  An evil sprite possessed SAUL,
  And so it once did DELAVAL.
  Music did soon the sense recal,
  Of ISRAEL’s King, and DELAVAL,
  SAUL rose at DAVID’s vile cat-call.
  --Not so the wiser DELAVAL:
  ’Twas money’s sweetest _sol, la fal_,
  That chear’d the sense of DELAVAL--
  When royal power shall instal,
  With honours new LORD DELAVAL;
  Who won’t say--the _miraculous_ hawl
  Is caught by faithful DELAVAL?
  ’Gainst rapine would’st thou preach like Paul,
  Thus did religious DELAVAL:
  Yet screen the scourges of Bengal,
  Thus did benignant DELAVAL.
  To future times recorded shall
  Be all the worths of DELAVAL:
  E’en OSSIAN, or the great FINGAL,
  Shall yield the wreath to DELAVAL.
  From Prince’s court to cobler’s stall,
  Shall sound the name of DELAVAL:
  For neither sceptre nor the awl,
  Are strong and keen as DELAVAL.--
  Some better praise, than this poor scrawl,
  Shall sing the fame of DELAVAL:
  For sure no song can ever pall,
  That celebrates great DELAVAL:
  Borne on all fours, the fame shall sprawl.
  To latest time--of DELAVAL:
  Then come, ye Nine, in one great squall,
  Proclaim the worths of DELAVAL.

[_The annotations of the learned are expected._]


Lord NUGENT.--This is the RAT, that eat the Malt, that lay in
the House that George built.

Mr. FOX.--This is the CAT, that killed the Rat, that eat the
Malt, that lay in the House that George built.

PEPPER ARDEN.--This is the DOG, that barked at the Cat, that
killed the Rat, that eat the Malt, that lay in the House that
George built.

Lord THURLOW.--This is the BULL with the crumpled horn, that
roared with the Dog, that barked at the Cat, that killed the Rat,
that eat the Malt, that lay in the House that George built.

Mr. PITT.--This is the MAIDEN[2] all forlorn, that coaxed the
Bull with the crumpled horn, that roared with the Dog, that barked
at the Cat, that killed the Rat, that eat the Malt, that lay in
the House that George built.

Mr. DUNDAS.--This is the SCOT by all forsworn, that wedded[3]
the Maiden all forlorn, that coaxed the Bull with the crumpled
horn, that roared with the Dog, that barked at the Cat, that
killed the Rat, that eat the Malt, that lay in the House that
George built.

Mr. WILKES.--This is the PATRIOT covered with scorn, that flattered
the Scot by all forsworn, that wedded the Maiden all forlorn,
that coaxed the Bull with the crumpled horn, that roared with
the Dog, that barked at the Cat, that killed the Rat, that eat
the Malt, that lay in the House that George built.

CONSCIENCE.--This is the COCK that crowed in the morn, that waked
the Patriot covered with scorn, that flattered the Scot by all
forsworn, that wedded the Maiden all forlorn, that coaxed the
Bull with the crumpled horn, that roared with the Dog, that barked
at the Cat, that killed the Rat, that eat the Malt, that lay in
the House that George built.

[1] George Nugent Grenville, Marquis of Buckingham.

[2] The immaculate continence of the BRITISH SCIPIO, so strongly
insisted on by his friends, as constituting one of the most shining
ingredients of his own uncommon character, is only alluded to here
as a received fact, and not by any means as a reproach.

[3] _Wedded_. This Gentleman’s own term for a Coalition.



First published in the Gentleman’s Magazine, under the signatures

_To_ CELIA (_now Lady_ WRAY), _on Powdering her Hair._


  Thy locks, I trow, fair maid,
  Don’t never want this aid:
  Wherefore thy powder spare,
  And only _comb_ thy hair.

_To Sir_ JOSEPH MAWBEY, _proposing a Party to go a-fishing for White

  Worthy SIR JOE, we all are wishing,
  You’d come with us a-White-Bait-fishing.

_On seeing a Ladybird fly off_ CELIA’_s Neck, after having perched
on it for many minutes._

  I thought (God bless my soul!)
  Yon ladybird her mole--
  I thought--but devil take the thing,
  It proved my error--took to wing--

_A Thought on_ NEW MILK.

  Oh! how charming is New Milk!
  Sweet as sugar--soft as silk!

_Familiar Verses, addressed to two Young Gentlemen at the_ Hounslow

  Take notice, roguelings, I prohibit
  Your walking underneath yon gibbet:
  Have you not heard, my little ones,
  Of _Raw Head and Bloody Bones?_
  How do you know, but that there fellow,
  May step down quick, and you up swallow?


_To_ DELIA, _on seeing_ TWO CATS _playing together._

  See, DELY, DELY, charming fair,
  How Pusseys play upon that chair;
  Then, DELY, change thy name to WRAY,
  And thou and I will likewise play.


  Says I, one day, unto my wife,
  I never saw in all my life
  Such a blade-bone. Why so, my dear?
  Says she. The matter’s very clear,
  Says I; for on it there’s no meat,
  For any body for to eat.
  Indeed, my dear, says she, ’tis true,         }
  But wonder not, for, you know, you            }
  Can’t eat your cake and have it too.          }

_An_ IDEA _on a_ PECK _of_ COALS.

  I buy my coals by pecks, that we
  May have them fresh and fresh, d’ye see.

_To my very learned and facetious friend_, S. ESTWICK, ESQ.
M.P. _and_ LL.D. _on his saying to me_, “What the D---l
noise was that?”

  Good Dr. ESTWICK, you do seek
  To know what makes my shoe-soles creak?
  They make a noise when they are dry;
  And so do you, and so do I.
                                      C. W.



_May_ 20. Went down to the House--sworn in--odd faces--asked PEARSON
who the new people were--he seemed cross at my asking him, and did
not know--I took occasion to inspect the water-closets.

N.B. To tell ROSE, that I found three cocks out of repair--didn’t
know what to do--left my name at the DUKE OF QUEENSBERRY’s--dined
at WHITE’s--the pease tough--Lord APSLEY thought they ought to be
boiled in steam--VILLIERS very _warm_ in favour of _hot water_--PITT
for the new mode--and much talk of _taking the sense_ of the
_club_--but happily I prevented matters going to extremity.

_May_ 21. Bought a tooth-pick-case, and attended at the
Treasury-Board--nothing at the House but swearing--rode to
_water-sucky_--we all wondered why perch have such large mouths, and
WILBERFORCE said they were like MULGRAVE’s--red champagne rather
ropy--away at eight--THURLOW’s horse started at a windmill--he off.

N.B. To bring in an Act to encourage water-mills--THURLOW home in
a _dilly_--we after his horse--children crying, _Fox for
ever!_--DUNDAS stretching to whip them--he off too.

_May_ 22. Sick all day--lay a bed--VILLIERS _bored_ me.

23. Hyde-park--PITT--HAMILTON, &c. Most of us agreed it was right to
bow to Lord DELAVAL--PITT won’t to any one, except the _new
Peers_--dined at PITT’s--PITT’s soup never salt enough--Why must
PRETTYMAN dine with us?--PITT says to-day he will _not_ support Sir
CECIL WRAY--THURLOW wanted to give the _old toast_--PITT
grave--probably this is the reason for letting PRETTYMAN stay.

24. House--Westminster Election--we settled to always make a noise
when BURKE gets up--we ballotted among ourselves for a _sleeping
Committee_ in the Gallery----STEELE always to call us when PITT
speaks--Lord DELAVAL our _dear_ friend!--_Private_ message from ST.
JAMES’s to PITT--He at last agrees to support SIR CECIL.

_May_ 25. BANKES won’t vote with us against GRENVILLE’s Bill--English
obstinacy--the Duke of RICHMOND teazes us--nonsense about
consistency--what right has _he_ to talk of _it?_--but must not say
so.--DUNDAS thinks worse of the Westminster business than--but too
hearty to indulge absurd scruples.

26. Court--King in high spirits, and attentive rather to the Duke of
GRAFTON--QUEEN more so to Lord CAMDEN--puzzles us all!--So it is
possible the Duke of RICHMOND will consent to leave the
_Cabinet_?--Dinner at DUNDAS’s--too many things aukwardly served--Joke
about ROSE’s thick legs, like ROBINSON’s, in flannel.



“We now come to speak of _Tropes_. Trope comes from the Greek word
_Trepo_, to turn. I believe that tropes can only exist in a vocal
language, for I do not recollect to have met with any among the
savages near the Pole, who converse only by signs; or if they used
any, I did not understand them. Aristotle is of opinion that horses
have not the use of tropes.--Dean Swift seems to be of a contrary
opinion; but be this as it may, tropes are of very great importance
in Parliament, and I cannot enough recommend them to my young readers.

“_Tropes_ are of two kinds: 1st, such as tend to illustrate our
meaning; and 2dly, such as tend to render it obscure. The first are of
great use in the _sermo pedestris_; the second in the sublime. They
give the _os magna sonans_; or, as the same poet says in another
place, the _ore rotundo_; an expression, which shows, by the bye, that
it is as necessary to round your mouth, as to round your periods.--But
of this more hereafter, when I come to treat of _mouthing_, or, as the
Latins call it, _elocutio_.

“In the course of my reflections on tropes, I have frequently lamented
the want of these embellishments in our modern _log-books_. Strabo
says they were frequently employed by the ancient sailors; nor can we
wonder at this difference, since our young seamen are such bad
scholars: not so in other countries; for I have seen children at the
island of _Zanti_, who knew more of Greek than any First Lieutenant.
Now to return to Tropes, and of their use in Parliament. I will give
you some examples of the most perfect kind in each species, and then
quit the subject; only observing, that the worst kind of tropes are
_puns_; and that tropes, when used in controversy, ought to be very
obscure; for many people do not know how to answer what they do not

“Suppose I was desirous of pressing forward any measure, and that I
apprehended that the opposite party wished to delay it, I should
personify procrastination by one of the following manners:

1. “_This measure appears to be filtered through the drip-stone of
procrastination._” This beautiful phrase was invented by a near
relation of mine, whose talents bid fair to make a most distinguished
figure in the senate.

2. “_This is another dish cooked up by the procrastinating spirit._”
The boldness of this figure, which was invented by Mr. Drake, cannot
be too much admired.

3. “_This appears to be the last hair in the tail of

“The _Master of the Rolls_, who first used this phrase, is a most
eloquent speaker; but I think the two former instances much more
beautiful, inasmuch as the latter personification is drawn from a
dumb creature, which is not so fine a source of metaphor as a

“Having thus exhausted the subject of metaphors, I shall say a few
words concerning _similes_, the second of tropical figures, in point
of importance.”


As nothing which relates to this great man can be indifferent to
the public, we are happy in laying before our readers the following
particulars, the truth of which may be depended on:--

MR. PITT rises about _Nine_, when the weather is clear; but if it
should rain, Dr. PRETTYMAN advises him to lay about an hour longer.
The first thing he _does_ is to eat _no_ breakfast, that he may have
a better appetite for his dinner. About _ten_ he generally blows his
nose and cuts his toe-nails; and while he takes the exercise of his
_bidet_, Dr. PRETTYMAN reads to him the different petitions and
memorials that have been presented to him. About _eleven_ his valet
brings in Mr. ATKINSON and a WARM SHIRT, and they talk over the _New
Scrip_, and other matters of finance. Mr. ATKINSON has said to _his_
confidential friends round ’Change, that Mr. PITT always speaks to him
with great affability. At _twelve_ Mr. PITT retires to a water-closet,
adjoining to which is a small cabinet, from whence Mr. JENKINSON
confers with him on the secret instructions from BUCKINGHAM-HOUSE.
After this, Mr. PITT takes a long lesson of dancing; and Mr. GALLINI
says, that if he did not turn in his toes, and hold down his head,
he would be a very good dancer. At _two_ Mr. WILBERFORCE comes in,
and they both play with Mr. PITT’s black dog, whom they are very
fond of, because he is like Lord MULGRAVE in the face, and barks out
of time to the organs that pass in the street. After this Mr. PITT
rides. We are credibly informed, that he often pats his horse; and,
indeed, he is remarkably fond of all _dumb creatures_ both in and out
of Parliament. At _four_ he sleeps.--Mr. PITT eats very heartily,
drinks one bottle of port, and two when he _speaks_; so that we may
hope that Great Britain will long be blessed with the superintendance
of this virtuous and able young Minister!!!



As you are so anxious and inquisitive to know the principal
circumstances that have occurred to my observation, since my
introduction to the House of Commons, I think it my duty to give
you what satisfaction I am able. As you know, my dear friend,
how little I dreamt of being called out of my humble sphere of life,
to the rank of a senator (and still less at a time when so many
considerable gentlemen of education, worth, and property had been
driven from their seats in Parliament), you will not wonder that it
required some time before I could rid myself of the awe and
embarrassment that I felt on first entering the walls of that
august assembly. Figure to yourself, my good Sir, how very aukward
and distressing it was to me to reflect, that I was now become
a member of the British Senate; picked and culled out, as our
inimitable Premier assured us, by the free, unbiassed voice of
the people, for our singular abilities and love of our country,
to represent the wisdom of the nation at the present critical
juncture. Would to God I possessed a pen that might enable me to
celebrate, in a style equal to his merits, the praises of this prodigy
of a Minister, whom I can never speak or think of without enthusiasm!
Oh! had you but heard his speech on the day of our meeting, when he
addressed himself to the young members in a strain of eloquence
that could not fail to make a lasting impression on our minds!
Not one of us, I assure you, who did not feel the warmest emotions
of respect and gratitude, and begin to entertain a confidence in his
own talents for business, and a consciousness of his zeal for
the public service, that would probably have never entered into
the head of a simple individual, if this excellent young man had
not condescended to point out to us those qualities in such strong
and flattering colours.

Such extraordinary marks of condescension surprized me not a little,
from a person whom I had been used to hear so generally (but no doubt
most falsely) censured, for upstart pretension and overbearing
arrogance; and I could not sufficiently admire the candour he shewed,
in giving such perfect credit to the talents and virtues of so many
strangers, the greatest part of whose faces were even unknown to him.
Besides, the compliment appeared to me the more generous, as I had but
that very morning received a promise from Government to refund me
the heavy charges and trouble they had led me into at my late
election, which you very well know, notwithstanding the help of Mr.
ROBINSON, had very near ruined my affairs, and proved the destruction
of myself and family.

As you desire to have my impartial sentiments respecting the eloquence
of Mr. PITT and Mr. FOX, I must fairly own, that I cannot hear,
without indignation, any comparison made between ’em;--and,
I assure you, Mr. PITT has a very decided preference in the opinion
of most of the new members, especially among us COUNTRY GENTLEMEN,
who, though we never heard any thing like public speaking before
in our lives, have too much sense and spirit to agree in this
particular with the generality of the public.--We could all see
Mr. PITT was an orator in a moment. The dignity of his deportment,
when he first rises from the Treasury Bench, with his head and
eyes erect, and arms extended, the regular poize of the same action
throughout the whole of his speech, the equal pitch of his voice,
which is full as sonorous and emphatic in expressions of the least
weight; above all, his words, which are his principal excellence,
and are really finer and longer than can be conceived, and clearly
prove him, in my judgment, to be far superior to every other orator.
Mr. FOX, it seems, in perfect despair of imitating the expression
and manner of his rival, never attempts to soar above a language
that is perfectly plain, obvious, and intelligible, to the meanest
understanding; whereas, I give you my word, I have more than once
met with several who have frankly owned to me, that Mr. PITT’s
eloquence was often above their capacity to comprehend. In addition
to this, it is observable, that Mr. PITT has the happy art of
expressing himself, even upon the most trifling occasion, in
at least three times as many words as any other person uses in
an argument of the utmost importance, which is so evident an advantage
over all his adversaries, that I wonder they persist to engage in
so unequal a combat.

I shall take an early opportunity of communicating to you some
further observations on this subject: in the mean time believe me,

                                  Dear Sir,
                                      With the truest regard,
                                          Your’s, &c. &c. &c.
_Cocoa Tree, May_ 29, 1784.



Take a man with a great quantity of that sort of words which produce
the greatest effect upon the _many_, and the least upon the _few_:
mix them with a large portion of affected candour and ingenuousness,
introduced in a haughty and contemptuous manner. Let there be a great
abundance of falsehood, concealed under an apparent disinterestedness
and integrity; and the two last to be the most professed when
the former is most practised. Let his engagements and declarations,
however solemnly made, be broken and disregarded, if he thinks he can
procure afterwards a popular indemnity for illegality and deceit.
He must subscribe to the doctrine of PASSIVE OBEDIENCE, and to
the exercise of patronage independent of his approbation; and be
careless of creating the most formidable enemies, if he can gratify
the personal revenge and hatred of those who employ him, even at
the expence of public ruin and general confusion.


Take a man in a violent passion, or a man that never has been in one;
but the first is the best. Let him be concerned in making an
ignominious peace, the articles of which he could not comprehend,
and cannot explain. Let him speak loud, and yet never be heard;
and to be the kind of man for a SECRETARY OF STATE when nobody else
will accept it.


Take a man who all his life loved office, merely for its emolument;
and when measures which he had approved were eventually unfortunate,
let him be notorious for relinquishing his share of the responsibility
of them; and be stigmatized, for political courage in the period
of prosperity, and for cowardice when there exists but the appearance
of danger.


Take a man of great abilities, with a heart as black as his
countenance. Let him possess a rough inflexibility, without
the least tincture of generosity or affection, and be as manly
as oaths and ill manners can make him. He should be a man who
will act politically with all parties, hating and deriding every
one of the individuals which compose them.


Take a man of a busy, meddling, turn of mind, with just as much parts
as will make him troublesome, but never respectable. Let him be
so perfectly callous to a sense of personal honour, and to the
distinction of public fame, as to be marked for the valour of
insulting where it cannot be revenged[1]; and, if a case should
arise, where he attempts to injure reputation, because it is dignified
and absent, he should possess _discretion_ enough to apologise and
to recant, if it is afterwards dictated to him to do so,
notwithstanding any previously-declared resolutions to the contrary.
Such a man will be found to be the most fit for servitude in times of
disgrace and degradation.


Take a man, composed of most of the ingredients necessary to enable
him to attack and defend the very same principles in politics, or
any party or parties concerned in them, at all times, and upon all
occasions. Mix with these ingredients a very large quantity of
the root of interest, so that the juice of it may be always sweet
and uppermost. Let him be one who avows a pride in being so necessary
an instrument for every political measure, as to be able to extort
those honours and emoluments from the weakness of a government, which
he had been deliberately refused, at a time when it would have been
honourable to have obtained them.


Take the most stupid man you can find, but who can make his signature;
and from ignorance in _every thing_ will never contradict you in
_any thing_. He should not have a brother in the church, for if he
has, he will most probably abandon or betray you. Or, take a man of
fashion, with any sort of celebrity: if he has accustomed himself to
arguments, though the dullness can only be measured by the length of
them, he will serve to speak _against time_, with a certainty in that
case of never being answered.


Take a pleading _Country Attorney_, without passion, and without
parts. Let him be one who will seize the first opportunity of
renouncing his connection with the first man who draws him out of
obscurity and serves him. If he has no affections or friendships, so
much the better; he will be more ready to contribute to his own
advantage. He should be of a temper so pliable, and a perseverance so
ineffectual, as to lead his master into troubles, difficulties, and
ruin, when he thinks he is labouring to overcome them. Let him be a
man, who has cunning enough, at the same time, to prey upon and
deceive frankness and confidence; and who, when he can no longer avail
himself of both, will sacrifice even his character in the cause of
treachery, and prefer the interests resulting from it, to the virtuous
distinctions of honour and gratitude.


Take a man that will take any thing. Let him possess all the negative
virtues of being able to do no harm, but at the same time can do no
good; for they are qualifications of a courtly nature, and may in time
recommend him to a situation something worse, or something better.


Take a little ugly man, with an _eye_ to his preferment. It is not
requisite that he should be much of a lawyer, provided that he be a
tolerable politician; but in order to qualify himself for an _English
Judge_, he should first be a _Welch_ one. He must have docility
sufficient to do any thing; and, if a period should arrive, when power
has popularity enough to make rules and laws for the evident purpose
of gratifying malignity, he should be one who should be ready to
advise or consent to the creation of new cases, and be able to defend
new remedies for them, though they militate against every principle
of reason, equity, and justice.

N.B. The greatest part of this Receipt would make a MASTER OF THE


Take the most supercilious fool in the nation, and let him be in
confidence in proportion to his ignorance.


Take a Captain in the _Navy_, as being best acquainted with the
_Army_; he should have been a few years _at sea_, in order to qualify
him for the direction of works _on shore_; and let him be one who will
sacrifice his connections with as much ease as he would renounce
his profession.


Take a man, with or without parts, of an ancient or a new family, with
one or with two Boroughs at his command, previous to a dissolution.
Let him renounce all former professions and obligations, and engage
to bring in your friends, and to support you himself. Or, take
the Country Gentleman who the least expects it; and particularly
let the honour be conferred when he has done nothing to deserve it.


Take a tall, ill-looking man, with more vanity, and less reason
for it, than any person in Europe. He should be one who does not
possess a single consolatory private virtue, under a general public
detestation. His pride and avarice should increase with his
prosperity, while they lead him to neglect and despise the natural
claims of indigence in his own family. If such a man can be found, he
will easily be made the instigator, as well as the instrument, of a
cabal, which has the courage to do mischief, and the cowardice of not
being responsible for it; convinced that he can never obtain any other
importance, than that to be derived from the execution of purposes
evidently pursued for the establishment of tyranny upon the wreck
of public ruin.

[1] “What care I for the King’s Birth-day!”


To admit Mr. WILBERFORCE, although Mr. PITT should be even engaged
with the SOUTHWARK agents,  fabricating means to defeat Sir RICHARD
HOTHAM.--WILBE must have _two_ bows.--ATKINSON to be shewn into the
anti-chamber--he will find amusement in reading LAZARRELLO DE TORMEZ,
or the _complete Rogue_.--If Lord APSLEY and Mr. PERCIVAL come from
the Admiralty, they may be ushered into the room where the large
_looking-glasses_ are fixed--in that case they will not regret
waiting--Don’t let LORD MAHON be detained an instant at the door, the
pregnant young lady opposite having been sufficiently frightened
already!!!--JACK ROBINSON to be shewn into the study, as the private
papers were all removed this morning--Let Lord LONSDALE have _my
Lord_, and _your Lordship_, repeated to his ear as often as
possible--the apartment hung with _garter-blue_ is proper for his
reception!--The other new Peers to be greeted only plain _Sir!_ that
they may remember their late _ignobility_, and feel new gratitude to
the _benefactor of honours!_--You may, as if upon recollection,
address some of the last list, _My Lord!_--and ask their names--it
will be pleasing to them to sound out their own titles.--Lord ELIOT is
to be an exception, as he will tediously go through every degree of
his dignity in giving an answer.--All letters from BERKELEY-SQUARE
to be brought in without mentioning Lord SHELBURNE’s name, or even
Mr. ROSE’s.--The Treasury Messenger to carry the _red box_, as usual,
to CHARLES JENKINSON before it is sent to Buckingham-House.--Don’t
blunder a second time, and question Lord MOUNTMORRES as to the life
of a _hackney chairman_ - it is wrong to judge by appearances!--Lord
GRAHAM may be admitted to the library - he can’t read, and therefore
won’t derange the books.


  At BROOKES’s once, it so fell out,
  The box was push’d with glee about;
  With mirth reciprocal inflam’d,
  ’Twas said they rather play’d than gam’d;
  A general impulse through them ran,
  And seem’d t’ actuate every man:
  But as all human pleasures tend
  At some sad moment to an end,
  The hour at last approach’d, when lo!
  ’Twas time tor every one to go.
  Now for the first time it was seen,
  A certain sum unown’d had been;
  To no man’s spot directly fixt,
  But plac’d--ambiguously betwixt:
  So doubtfully indeed it lay,
  That none with confidence could say
  This cash is mine--I’m certain on’t--
  But most declined with--“Sir, I won’t”--
  “I can’t in conscience urge a right,
  To what I am not certain quite.”
  --NORTHUMBRIA’S DUKE, who wish’d to put
  An end to this polite dispute,
  Whose generous nature yearn’d to see
  The smallest seeds of enmity,
  Arose and said--“this cash is mine--                }
  For being ask’d to-day to dine,                     }
  You see I’m furbelow’d and fine,                    }
  With full-made sleeves and pendant lace;
  Rely on’t, this was just the case,
  That when by chance my arm I mov’d,
  The money from me then I shov’d;
  This clearly shews how it was shifted,”
  Thus said, the rhino then he lifted;--
  “Hold, hold, my Lord,” says thoughtless HARE,
  Who never made his purse his care;
  A man who thought that money’s use
  Was real comfort to produce,
  And all the pleasures scorn’d to know
  Which from its _snug_ enjoyments flow;
  Such as still charm their gladden’d eyes,
  Who feel the bliss of avarice.
  “Hold, hold, my Lord, how is it known
  This cash is certainly your own?
  We each might urge as good a plea,
  But we, though less it were to blame,
  Disdain’d so pitiful a claim;
  Then here let me be arbitrator--
  I vote the money to the waiter,”
  Thus oft will generous folly think:
  But prudence parts not so with chink.
  On this occasion so it was,
  For gravely thus my Lord Duke says:
  “Consider, Sir, how large the sum,
  To full eight guineas it will come:
  Shall I, for your quaint verbal play,
  Consign a whole estate away?
  Unjust, ridiculous, absurd,
  I will not do it, on my word;
  Yet rather than let fools deride,
  I give my _fiat_ to divide;
  So ’twixt the waiter and myself,
  Place equal portions of the pelf;
  Thus eighty shillings give to RALPH,
  To ALNWICK’s DUKE the other half.”
  HARE and the rest (unthinking croud!)
  At this decision laugh’d aloud:
  “Sneer if you like,” exclaim’d the Duke,
  Then to himself his portion took;
  And spite of all the witless rakes,
  The Peer and Porter part the stakes.


  I. This maxim, then, ye spendthrifts know,
     ’Tis money makes the mare to go.

  II. By no wise man be this forgot;
      A penny sav’d’s a penny got.

  III. This rule keep ever in your head;
       A half-loaf’s better than no bread.

  IV. Though some may rail, and others laugh,
      In your own hand still keep the staff.

  V. Forget not, Sirs, since Fortune’s fickle,
     Many a little makes a mickle.

  VI. By gay men’s counsels be not thwarted.
      Fools and their money soon are parted.

  VII. Save, save, ye prudent--who can know
       How soon the high may be quite low?

  VIII. Of Christian virtues hear the sum,
        True charity begins at home.

  IX. Neglect not farthings, careless elves;
      Shillings and pounds will guard themselves.

  X. Get cash with honour if you can,
     But still to get it be your plan.



  _Donec gratus eram tibi._

K----- When heedless of your birth and name,
       For pow’r yon barter’d future fame,
         On that auspicious day,
       Of K--gs I reign’d supremely blest:
       Not HASTINGS rul’d the plunder’d East
         With more despotic sway.

P--TT. When only on my favoured head
       Your smiles their royal influence shed,
         Then was the son of CH--TH--M
       The nation’s pride, the public care,
       P--TT and Prerogative their pray’r,
         While we, Sir, both laugh’d at ’em.

K----- JENKY, I own, divides my heart,
       Skill’d in each deep and secret art
         To keep my C--MM--NS down:
       His views, his principles are mine;
       For these I’d willingly resign
         My Kingdom and my Crown.

P--TT. As much as for the public weal,
       My anxious bosom burns with zeal
         For pious Parson WYV--LL
       For him I’ll fret, and fume, and spout,
       Go ev’ry length--except go out,
         For that’s to me the Devil!

K----- What if, our sinking cause to save,
       We both our jealous strife should wave,
         And act our former farce on:
       If I to JENKY were more stern,
       Would you, then, generously turn
         Your back upon the Parson?

P--TT. Tho’ to support his patriot plan
       I’m pledg’d as _Minister_ and _Man_,
         This storm I hope to weather;
       And since your Royal will is so,
       _Reforms_ and the _Reformers_ too,
         May all be damn’d together!




  That PRETTYMAN’s so pale, so spare,
    No cause for wonder now affords;
  He lives, alas! on empty fare,
    Who lives by _eating his own ’words!_


  In BAYES’s burlesque, though so strange it appear’d,
    That PRINCE PRETTYMAN’s self should PRINCE PRETTYMAN _kill_;
  _Our_ Prettyman FURTHER to go has not fear’d,
    But in DAMNING himself, he extended his skill!


  Undaunted PITT, against the State to plot,
    Should int’rest spur, or passion urge ye;
  Dread not the hapless exit of LA MOTTE,
    Secure in _Benefit of Clergy!_


      That against my fair fame
      You devise so much blame,
  Cries the Priest, with a damn me, what care I?
      Since the gravest Divine,
      Tells a lie worse than mine,
  When he cries, “_Nolo Episcopari!_”


  How wisely PITT, for different ends,
  Can marshal his obedient friends!
  When only _time_ he wants, not sense,
  MULGRAVE vents _copious impotence_.
  If demi-falsehood must be tried,
  By ROSE the quibbling task’s supply’d--
  But for the more accomplish’d lie,
  Who with meek PR--TT--MAN shall vie?

(PR--TT--MAN _loquitur_.)

  Although, indeed, ’tis truly said,
  The various principles of _Trade_
    We are not very glib in;
  Yet surely none will this deny,
  Few know so well as PITT, or I,
    To manufacture _fibbing_.


  A horrible fib that a Priest should have told,
    Seems to some people’s thinking excessively odd,
  Yet sure there’s no maxim more certain or old,
  Than “_The nearer the Church still the farther from God._”


  Why should such malice at the Parson fly?
  For though he _spoke_, he scorn’d to write, a lye.


  While the Wits and the Fools Parson PRETTY belabour,
  With--“Thou shalt not false witness; set up ’gainst thy neighbour,”
  The text and the fact (cries the Priest) disagree.
  For in Downing-street _I_, in Great George-street lives _He_.


  What shall reward bold PRETTY’s well-tim’d sense,         }
  For turning new an IRISH _Evidence_?                      }
  An IRISH _Bishoprick_’s the recompence!                   }


  What varied fates the same offence assail!
  PRETTY, install’d--and ATKINSON, in jail.
  Both scorn alike the laws that truth maintains;
  Yet one, a Prebend, one, a Prison gains.
  This mounts a _stall_, the _pillory_ that ascends;
  For public, one, and one for private ends.
  The first gets ample scope _our_ ears to pain;
  The other scarcely can _his own_ retain:
  Just Heav’n, reverse the doom!--To punish each,
  To ATKINSON alone, let PRETTY preach!


  How happy, alas! had it been for poor PITT,
  If WYVILL, like PRETTYMAN, never had writ!


    ------_Scelera ipsa nefasque
    Hâc mercede placent_--------

  Cries PRETTYMAN, “Consider, Sir,
  My sacred cloth, and character.”
  The indignant Minister replied,
  “This ne’er had been, had ORDE ne’er lyed.”
  The patient Priest at last relented;
  And _all his Master wish’d_, invented;
  Then added, with a saint-like whine,
  “But the next Mitre _must_ be mine!”


      For _tongue_ or for _eye_,
      Who with PRETTY can vie?
  Sure such organs must save him much trouble;
      For of labour not loth,
      Tis the way with them both,
  Their functions to execute----_double!_


  The days of miracle, ’twas thought, were past;
    (Strange from what cause so wild an error sprung)
  But now convinc’d, the world allows at last,
    PRETTY’s still favour’d with a--_cloven tongue!_


  _Faith in the Church_, all grave Divines contend,
  Is the chief hold whence future hopes depend.
  How hard then BRITAIN’s lot!--for who hath _faith_
  To credit _half_ what Doctor PRETTY saith?



  Oh! if I had thought that PRETTY could lye,
  I’d a hired him, I would, for my Scrutiny!
  My poor Scrutiny!--My _dear_ Scrutiny!
  My heart it down sinks--I wish I could die!



  Lord BACON hang’d poor HOGG,
    For murd’ring, without pity, man;
  And so should PITT, by Gog,
    That kill-truth, Doctor PRETTYMAN--
  For say I will, spite of hip wig,
  He’s far below the _learned Pig!_



  Says WRAY to me, which is most witty,
  The learned Pig, or Parson PRETTY?
  Says I, I thinks, the latter is more wiser;
  PIGGY tells truth alone;--but PRETTY lyes, Sir.



  Three Parsons for three different patrons writ,
  The first, in _speaking_ truth alone surpass’d;
  The next could _write_ it too--not so the last.--
  The pride of Churchmen to be beat was loth--
  So PRETTYMAN’s the opposite to both!


  How much must IRELAND, PITT and PRETTY prize!
  Who swear, at all events, to _equal--lyes_.


    ------_In vino Veritas_------

  PRETTY, the other night, was tripping caught--
  Forgive him, PITT; he’ll not repeat the fault--
  The best may err--misled by wine and youth--
  His Rev’rence drank too hard; and told--_the truth!_
  Ev’n thou, should generous wine o’ercome thy sense,
  May’st rashly stumble on the same offence.


  There are who think all State affairs
  The worst of wicked worldly cares,
    To mingle with the priestly leaven;
  Yet sure the argument’s uncouth----
  PRETTY shall _doubly_ spread the truth,
    A Minister of Earth and Heaven.


  While modern Statesmen glean, from priestly tribes,
  Rev’rend _Commis_, and sanctimonious scribes;
  ’Tis love of _truth_--yet vain the hope, alas!
  To make this _Holy Writ_ for _Gospel_ pass.


  Above the pride of worldly fame or show,
    A virtuous Priest should upwards turn his eyes----
  Thus PRETT contemns all _character_ below,
    And thinks of nothing but the way to _rise_.


  ’Gainst PRETTY’s unholiness vain ’tis to rail;
  With a courtly Divine that’s of little avail;
  What Parson polite, would not virtue offend,
  And maintain a _great_ falsehood, to save a _great_ friend?


      If St. PETER was made,
      Of Religion the head,
  For boldly his master denying;
      Sure, PRETTY may hope
      At least to be Pope,
  For his greater atchievements in lying.


  Says PRETTYMAN, “I’ll fib, d’ye see,
    If you’ll reward me freely.”
  “Lye on (cries PITT) and claim of me
    The Bishoprick of E--LYE.”


  ’Tis said the _end_ may sanctify the _means_,
    And pious frauds denote a special grace;
  Thus PRETTY’s lye his master nobly screens--
    Himself, good man! but seeks a _better place_.


  “Sons of PATRICK! (cries ORDE) set up shop in your bog,
  And you’ll ruin the trade of JOHN BULL and NICK FROG.”
  “That’s a lye (replies PITT) we shall gain by their riches;
  If we wear IRISH _shirts_, they must wear ENGLISH _breeches_”
  “You both lye (exclaims PRETTY) but I will lye too;
  And, compar’d with my lye, what you say will seem true!”


  For pert malignity observ’d alone,
  In all things else unnotic’d, and unknown;
  Obscurely odious, PRETTY pass’d his days,
  Till more inventive talents won our lays.
  “Now write, he cries, an Epigram’s my pride:
  Who wou’d have known me, if I ne’er had ly’d?”


  With pious whine, and hypocritic snivel,
  Our fathers said, “_Tell truth_, and _shame the Devil!_”
  A nobler way bold PR----TT----N is trying,
  He seeks to _shame_ the Devil--by outlying,

(In answer to a former.)

  No _cloven tongue_ the Doctor boasts from heav’n,
    Such gifts but little wou’d the Doctor boot;
  For preaching _Truth_ the _cloven tongues_ were giv’n,
    His lyes demonstrate more the _cloven foot_.


  Maxims, says PRETT, and adages of old,
    Were circumscrib’d, though clever;
  Thus Truth they taught, _not always_ should be told;
    But I maintain, _not ever_.


  In the drama of CONGREVE, how charm’d do we read
    Of _Spintext_ the _Parson_, and _Maskwell_ the _Cheat_,
  But in life would you study them closer, indeed,
    For equal originals--see _Downing-street_.


  PITT and PRETTY came from College
    To serve themselves, and serve the state;
  And the world must all acknowledge
    Half is done--so half may wait:
  For PRETTY says, ’tis rather new,
  When even _half_ they say--is _true_.

  The Devil’s a dealer in lyes, and we see
  That two of a trade never yet could agree;
  Then DOCTOR proceed, and d--m------n despise,
  What Devil would take such a rival in lyes.



  The Devil and PRETTY a treaty have made,
  On a permanent footing to settle their trade;
  ’Tis the Commerce of Lying,--and this is the law;
  The Devil _imports_ him all lyes that are raw_;_
  Which, check’d by no _docket_, unclogg’d with a fee,
  The _Priest_ manufactures, and vends _duty free_;
  Except where the lye gives his conscience such trouble,
  The _internal_ expence should have recompence double.
  Thus to navigate falsehood no bar they’ll devise;
  But Hell must become the EMPORIUM of Lyes.
  Nay, the Bishops themselves, when in pulpit they bark it,
  Must supply their consumption, from Satan’s _own market_,
  While _reciprocal tribute_ is paid for the whole
  In a surplusage _d--mn--g_ of P--TTY--’s soul.


_By the_ Chevalier de BOUFFLERS.

  “PRETTIMAN est menteur, il s’est moqué de nous”
    “(Se crient en courroux tous les sots d’Angleterre)”
  Calmez vous donc, Messieurs--eh! comment savez vous
    Si c’est bien un mensonge, ou si c’est un mystère?

_By_ Professor HEYNE, _of the_ UNIVERSITY _of_ GOTTINGEN.

  _In Dominum_ PITTUM _Doctoremque_ PRETTYMANNUM,
  _Figulus_ loquitur--Scena, Vicus, vulgo dictus _Downing_.
    Vivitur hic, cives, pacto quo denique? Rhetor
      Ecce loqui refugit; scribere scriba negat.


  Falsiloquusne Puer magis, an fallacior ille
    Scriba? Puer fallax, scribaque falsiloquus.

_By_ COMTE CASIMIR, _a descendant of the famous_ CASIMIR, _the great
Latin Poet of_ POLAND.

  BELLUS HOMO atque _pius_ vis idem dicier--At tu
    Mendax, unde Pius? Bellus es unde, Strabo?

_By_ FATHER MOONY, _Parish Priest of_ KILGOBBIN.

  A Mick na braaga Streepy poga ma Thone
  Na vuishama da Ghob, Oghone! Oghone!

[1]_By_ EUGENIUS, _Archbishop of_ SLAVENSK _and_ KHERSON,
_in Russia, and Author of a Translation of_ VIRGIL’S GEORGICS _into_
Greek Hexameters.

    Ψευδων ουχ ιερευς αισχυνεται. Ειϑε σ’ αληϑως,
    Ω ψευδων ιερευ, και ψευδιερηα λεγοιμι.

  Falsa-dicens Sacerdos non erubescit. Utinam te verè
  O falsa-dicens Sacerdos, et falsò-te-sacerdotem-dicentem appellarem.


    Ψευδων ουτος ολως ου παυσεται. Ην δε γενωμαι
    Τειουδ’ αυτοσ εγων ποτ’ επισκοπος, ου μεν εασω,
    Ο ψευδων δ’ ιερευς και ψευδιερευς ταχ’ αν ειη.

  Falsa dicere ille omnino non desinet. Si vero fierem
  Talis vlri ipse ego quandoque Episcopus, non equidem sinerem
  Falsa-dicens autem sacerdos et qui-se-falso-sacerdotem diceret cito

_By_ Mons. VILLOISON, _the celebrated Grecian and French Editor
of_ LONGINUS, &c. &c.

  Ad amicum quendam qui DOCTOREM PRETTIMANNUM _sacerdotem_ appellaret.

  α. Ψευδειν ουχ ΙΕΡΟΝ. τι δε τον ψευδονϑ’ ΙΕΡΗΑ
  Χρη στε καελιν; β. ΙΕΡΕΥΣ κ’ ουχ ΙΕΡΟΣ λεγεται.

  a. Mentiri non _sacrum_. Quid verò mentientem _sacerdotem_
  Oportet te vocare? b. _Sacerdos_ & non _sacer_ dicitur.


  In quel bel dì, ch’il DIO del VERO nacque,
  Per tutto il mondo tacque
  Ogni Oracol mendace in ogni fano.
  Cosi va detto, ma si e detto in vano.
  Ecco, in quest’ isola remota, anch’ora
  L’Oracola s’adora
  D’un giovinetto Febo, che a le genti
  Per un suo sacerdote manda fnora
  Quel, ch’ei risponde a lusingar lor menti;
  In guisa, che puo far chiamar verace
  L’Oracolo de’ Grechi più mendace.


  Io non ho mai veduto un sì bel PRETTIMANNO,
  Con un sì gran Perrucho, e d’ occhi sì _squintanno_.

_In the language of_ OTAHEITE.--_By M. de_ BOUGAINVILLE.
(_With an interlined Translation, according to Capt._ COOK’s GLOSSARY.)

  [2]Prettyman        _to call       liar    interjection
      Peetimai_,   tooo too, ooo,   taata,   Allaheueeai!

  _Insincere man   to cuff     liar     nasty_     Prettyman
  Hamaneeno,      eparoo,     taata,    erepo,    _Peetimai_.

_In the language of_ TERRA  INCOCNITA  (_viz_. AUSTRALIS), _by the noted

[A translation is requested by the earliest discoverer, the original
being left at the publisher’s for his inspection by the author, who
has most kindly communicated the following representation of the
genuine words, adapted to the ENGLISH type.--May we not presume to
suggest the infinite service Mr. M‘PHERSON would render to his
country, were he generously to embark in the first outward-bound ship
for TERRA AUSTRALIS--No man in EUROPE being so well qualified for the
useful station of universal linguist and decypherer to the
savages--“_I decus, I nostrum._”]


We must apologize to several of our more erudite correspondents, for
suspending some short time the publication of their most curious
epigrams on the Doctor. We have not the least objection to the extra
expence necessarily incurred on the present occasion, by the purchase
of a variety of antique types. Nay, we have actually contracted with
the celebrated CASLON, for the casting of a proper quantity of the
COPTIC and RUNIC characters, in order to the due representation of
the PRETTYMANIANA, communicated by Professor WHITE, and Mons. MAILLET.
As it might be some time, however, before Mr. CASLON, even with the
assistance of Mess. FRY and Son’s foundery, can furnish us with the
PERSIC, SYRIAC, and CHACHTAW types, we cannot promise the Doctor
the insertion of the GENTOO REBUS, or the NEW ZEALAND ACROSTIC in the
present edition.

[1] We cannot withhold from the good Bishop our particular thanks for
his excellent Haxameters, which breathe indeed the spirit both of
piety and poetry. We have taken the liberty of subjoining a literal
translation, in Latin Prose, to the Epigrams of EUGENIUS, as well as
to the distich of Mons. VILLOISON, for the accommodation of the young
Students at our Universities.

[2] PEETIMAI is wonderfully near the original PRETTYMAN, considering
that, after every effort, the inhabitants of OTAHEITE could not
approximate to the name of BANKS nearer than OPANO--nor of COOK,
than TOOTE.


Missing from the genealogies of the new Peers--three FATHERS--five
GREAT-GRANDFATHERS--and nearly twice the number of GREAT-GRANDMOTHERS--also

If any person can give notice at the HERALD’s OFFICE of any Fathers,
Mothers, Grandfathers, Grandmothers, Great-grandfathers, and
Great-grandmothers, worth owning, of the names of C------, D------,
H------, L------, P------, E------, &c. &c. &c. so as that the said
Fathers, Mothers, Grandfathers, Grandmothers, Great-grandfathers, and
Great-grandmothers, may be taken and restored to the advertisers, the
person so informing, for every such notice, shall receive ONE GUINEA
reward, and no questions shall be asked.

And if any person will undertake to find ANCESTORS BY THE GENERATION,
for every regular descent of not less than _three_, and not more than
_five_, he shall receive TWO GUINEAS each ancestor; and for every
regular descent of not less than _six_, and not more than _ten_, he
shall receive FIVE GUINEAS each ancestor, and so in proportion for
any greater number.

A HANDSOME COMPLIMENT will also be given, in addition to the rewards
above proposed, for ANCESTORS who distinguished themselves under
Likewise an extraordinary price will be paid for the discovery of
any ANCESTOR of REMOTE ANTIQUITY and HIGH FAMILY; such as the immortal
DUKE ROLLO, companion of WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR, and founder of the
present illustrious family of ROLLE.

N.B. No greater reward will be offered, as THE HERALDS have received
directions for making NEW.



----But what says my good LORD BISHOP OF LONDON to this same
WESTMINSTER SCRUTINY--this daily combination of rites, _sacred_ and
_profane_--ceremonies _religious_ and _political_ under his hallowed
roof of ST. ANN’S CHURCH, SOHO? Should his Lordship be unacquainted
with this curious process, let him know it is briefly this:--At
_ten_ o’clock the HIGH BAILIFF opens his inquisition in the VESTRY,
for the PERDITION OF VOTES, where he never fails to be honoured
with a crowded audience.--At _eleven_ o’clock the HIGH PRIEST mounts
the rostrum in the CHURCH for the SALVATION OF SOULS, without a
single _body_ to attend him; even his corpulent worship, the clerk,
after the first introductory AMEN, filing off to the Vestry, to lend
a hand towards reaping a quicker harvest!--The alternate vociferations
from Church to Vestry, during the different SERVICES, were found to
cross each other sometimes in responses so apposite, that a gentleman
who writes shorthand was induced to take down part of the
Church-medley-dialogue of one day, which he here transcribes for general
information, on a subject of such singular importance, _viz_.

HIGH BAILIFF.--I cannot see that _this here fellow_ is a just vote.

CURATE.--“_In thy sight shall no man living be justified._”

Mr. FOX.--I despise the pitiful machinations of my opponents, knowing
  the just cause of my electors must in the end prevail.

CURATE.--“_And with thy favourable kindness shalt thou defend him as
  with a shield._”

WITNESS.--He swore d--n him if he did not give Fox a plumper!

CLERK--“_Good Lord! deliver us._”

Mr. MORGAN.--I stand here as Counsel for Sir CECIL WRAY.

CURATE.--“_A general pestilence visited the land, serpents and_ FROGS
  _defiled the holy temple._”

Mr. PHILLIPS.--Mr. HIGH BAILIFF, the audacity of that fellow opposite
  to me would almost justify my chastising him in this sacred place;
  but I will content myself with rolling his heavy head in the
  neighbouring kennel.

CURATE.--“_Give peace in our time, O Lord!_”

Sir CECIL WRAY.--I rise only to say thus much, that is, concerning
  myself--though as for the matter of myself, I don’t care, Mr. HIGH
  BAILIFF, much about it--

Mr. FOX.--Hear! hear! hear!

CURATE.--“_If thou shalt see the ass of him that hateth thee lying
  under his burthen, thou shalt surely help him._”

Sir CECIL WRAY.--I trust--I dare say--at least I hope I may venture
  to think--that my Right Hon. friend--I should say enemy--fully
  comprehends what I have to offer in my own defence.

CURATE.--“_As for me I am a worm, and no man; a very scorn of men,
  and the outcast of the people!--fearfulness and trembling are come
  upon me, and an horrible dread overwhelmed me!!!_”

HIGH BAILIFF.--As that _fellow there_ says he did not vote for Fox,
  who did he poll for?

CURATE.--“BARRABAS!--_now Barrabas was a robber._”



HIGH BAILIFF.--This here case is, as I may say, rather _more_ muddier
than I could wish.

DEPUTY GROJAN.--_Ce n’est pas clair_--I _tink_, Sir, with you.

CURATE.--“_Lighten our darkness, we beseech thee, O Lord!_”

Mr. FOX.--Having thus recapitulated all the points of so contradictory
an evidence, I leave you, Mr. High Bailiff, to decide upon its merits.

CURATE.--“_He leadeth Counsellors away spoiled, and maketh Judges

HIGH BAILIFF.--I don’t care three brass pins points about that
there--though the poor _feller_ did live in a shed; yet as he says he
once boiled a sheep’s head under his own roof, which I calls his
_casthillum_--_argyle_, I declares him a good _wote_!

CLERK.--“_Oh Lord! incline our hearts to keep this law._”

BAR-KEEPER.--Make way for the parish-officers, and the other _gemmen_
of the _Westry_.

CURATE.--“_I said my house should be called a house of prayer, but ye
have made it a den of thieves!_”

Mr. ELCOCK.--_Mr. High Bailey!_ Sir, them there _Foxites_ people are
_sniggering_ and _tittering_ on the other side of the table; and
from what I can guess I am sure it can be at nobody but you or me.

CURATE.--“_Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the
understanding of a man!_”

Sir CECIL WRAY.--I am sure this same SCRUTINY proves sufficiently
burthensome to me.

CURATE.--“_Saddle me an ass, and they saddled him._”

HIGH BAILIFF.--Mr. HARGRAVE here, my counsel, says--it is my opinion
that this _wote_ is legally substantiated according to law.

CURATE.--“_So_ MORDECAI _did, according to all that_ JEHOSAPHAT
_commanded him!_”

Mr. PHILLIPS.--And now, friend MORGAN, having gone through my list
of thirty votes, and struck off twenty-six bad, from that number,
I will leave you to make your own comment thereon.

CURATE.--“_And lo! when they arose in the morning, they were all dead

HIGH BAILIFF.--But for God’s sake, good Sir, in that case, what will
the people justly say of _me?_

CURATE.--“_Let a gallows be erected fifty cubits high, and to-morrow
speak unto the King, that_ MORDECAI _may be hanged thereon!_”


Whereas by public orders from this office, all GENTLEMEN RUNNERS and
SPATTERERS, in our pay, and under our direction, were required, for
reasons therein specified, to be particularly diligent in defending
and enforcing the projected DUTY ON COALS.

AND WHEREAS the virtuous and illustrious CHANCELLOR OR THE EXCHEQUER,
patriotically resolving to prefer the private interests of his friends
to the public distress of his enemies; and prudently preferring the
friendship of Lord LONSDALE to the satisfaction of ruining the
manufactures of IRELAND, has accordingly signified in the HOUSE OF
COMMONS, that he intends to propose some other tax as a substitute
for the said duty.

THIS IS TO GIVE NOTICE to all Gentlemen Runners, and Scribblers, as
aforesaid, that they hold themselves ready to furnish, agreeably to
our future orders, a sufficient number of panegyrical paragraphs,
properly ornamented with _Italics_ and CAPITALS, notes of
interrogation, and notes of admiration, apostrophe’s and exclamations,
in support of any tax whatever, which the young Minister in his wisdom
may think proper to substitute. AND in the mean time that they fail
not to urge the public spirit and zeal for the national welfare,
humanity to the poor, and regard for the prosperity of our
manufacturers, which considerations ALONE induced the Minister to
abandon his original purpose of taxing coals: AND that they expatiate
on the wise exemptions and regulations which the Minister would
certainly have introduced into his bill for enacting the said tax, but
that (as he declared in the House of Commons) unfortunately for the
finances of this country, he had not time in the present Session of
Parliament to devise such exemptions and regulations: AND FINALLY,
that they boldly assert the said tax to have been GOOD, POLITIC, JUST,
and EQUITABLE; but that the new tax, which is to be substituted in
place of it, will necessarily be BETTER, MORE POLITIC, MORE JUST, and

                               _Superintendent-general of the Press._


SIGNOR PINETTI the Conjuror, and Mr. PITT the Premier, have a
wonderful similitude in the principal transactions and events by
which they are distinguished.

PINETTI, in defiance of Mr. COLMAN, took possession of his property
in the HAYMARKET THEATRE, and by the help of a little agency behind
the scenes, played several tricks, and became popular!

Mr. PITT in like manner seized upon another THEATRE-ROYAL, in the
absence of the rightful possessor, the Duke of PORTLAND. He had not,
it is true, the permission of a LORD CHAMBERLAIN as PINETTI had; but
the countenance of a LORD OF THE BEDCHAMBER was deemed equivalent.
Here he exhibited several surprising tricks and deceptions: we will
say nothing of the agency, but all present appeared delighted. PINETTI
also exhibited in the presence of Royalty, and with equal success,
as the sign manual he boasts of will testify.

PINETTI cuts a lemon in two, and shews a KNAVE OF DIAMONDS--Mr. PITT
in like manner can divide the HOUSE OF COMMONS, which for its acidity
may be called the political lemon. He cannot at present shew a KNAVE
OF DIAMONDS; but what may he not do when Mr. HASTINGS arrives?[1]

PINETTI takes a number of rings, he fastens them together, and
produces a CHAIN.--Does any person dispute Mr. PITT’s ability to
construct a CHAIN?

PINETTI has a SYMPATHETIC LIGHT, which he extinguishes at command--Mr.
PITT’s method of leaving us in the dark is by BLOCKING UP our WINDOWS!

PINETTI takes money out of one’s pocket in defiance of all the
caution that can be used--Mr. PITT does the same, without returning
it.--In this the Minister differs from the Conjuror!

PINETTI attempted to strip off an Englishman’s shirt; if he had
succeeded, he would have retained his popularity.--Mr. PITT attempted
this trick, and has carried his point.

PINETTI has a bird which sings exactly any tune put before it.--Mr.
PITT has upwards of TWO HUNDRED birds of this description.--N.B.
PEARSON says they are a pack of CHATTERING MAGPIES.

[1] The Editor feels it necessary to declare, in justice to Mr.
HASTINGS’s character, that the charges since preferred by the HOUSE
OF COMMONS, and MAJOR SCOTT’s _honour as a Gentleman_, have amply
disproved all parts of this comparison.

FOR 1784.

COMMUTATION TAX.--An Act for rendering houses more chearful, healthy,
comfortable, and commodious.

PAPER DITTO.--An Act for the encouragement of authors, the promotion
of learning, and extending the liberty of the press.

POSTAGE DITTO.--An Act for expediting business, increasing social
intercourse, and facilitating the epistolary correspondence of

DISTILLERY DITTO.--An Act for making the landlords responsible to
government for the obedience of their own and their neighbours

CANDLE DITTO.--An Act for the benevolent purpose of putting the
blind on a level with their fellow-creatures.

EXCISE GOODS DITTO.--An Act for lessening the burthen of the subject
by an increase of the collection.

SOAP DITTO.--An Act for suppressing the effeminacy of Englishmen,
by disappointing them of clean linen.

SMUGGLING DITTO.--An Act for demonstrating the arbitrary spirit
of this free government, in whatever clashes with the interests
of the Treasury.

GAME DITTO.--An Act for making the many responsible, for a monopoly
of every thing nice and delicate, to the palates of the few.

HORSE DITTO.--An Act for reducing the farmers to the wholesome
exercise of walking, while their servants enfeeble themselves
with riding.


At the last grand FETE given by Mr. JENKINSON to his friends in
Administration, it was proposed, that as WILBERFORCE had sprained
his leg at the last game at LEAPFROG, and PRATT had grown too fat
for their old favourite sport of HIDE-AND-SEEK, some new diversion
should be instituted.--Various _succedanea_ were suggested, such as
CHUCK-FARTHING, MARBLES, &c. but at last the general voice determined
in favour of the DRAMA.--After some little altercation as to what
particular dramatic production to select, the comic opera of TOM JONES
was performed, and the arrangement of characters was disposed of
as follows:

  BLIFIL,       -      -       MR PITT.
  BLACK GEORGE,       -        MR. ROBINSON.
  THWACKAM,          -         MR. JENKINSON.
  SQUARE,      -       -       DR. PRETTYMAN.
  SQUIRE WESTERN,      -       MR. ROLLE.
  PARTRIDGE,      -     -      MR. MACPHERSON.

The parts of ALLWORTHY, TOM JONES, and SOPHIA, were subjects of long
and difficult discussion; but at length Mr. DUNDAS put an end to the
altercation, by assuring the company that he was willing and able to
act ANY part, and would be glad, though at so short a notice, to
attempt that of ALLWORTHY. The same offer was handsomely made by
Lord DENBIGH for that of TOM JONES, and the character of SOPHIA was
at last allotted to VILLIERS.




  Poet to town, my friend ANSTY, or if you refuse
  A visit in person, yet spare us your muse:
  Give her wing, ere too late for this city’s election,
  Where much waits her comment, and more her correction.
  What novels to laugh at! what follies to chide!
  Oh! how we all long for a WESTMINSTER Guide!
  First, in judgment decisive, as OTTOMAN Califf,
  Aloft on the hustings, behold the HIGH BAILIFF!
  But we miss from the seat, where law rests on a word,
  The old symbols of justice--the scales and the sword--
  As a symbol too martial the sword he discards,
  So ’tis lodg’d where it suits--in the hands of the guards;
  And doubting the poise of weak hands like his own,
  He suspended the scales at the foot of the throne.----

  Turn next to the candidates--at such a crisis--
  We’ve a right to observe on their virtues or vices.
  Hood founds (and with justice to most apprehensions)
  In years of fair services, manly pretensions;
  But his party to change, and his friend to betray,
  By some are held better pretensions in WRAY.

  For the third, if at Court we his character scan,
  A dæmon incarnate is poor CARLO KHAN;
  Catch his name when afloat on convivial bumpers,
  Or sent up to the skies by processions of plumpers;
  He is Freedom’s defender, the champion of Right,
  The Man of the People, the nation’s delight.
  To party or passion we scorn to appeal,
  Nor want we the help of intemperate zeal;
  Let Time from Detraction have rescued his cause,
  And our verse shall but echo a nation’s applause.

  But hark! proclamation and silence intreated;
  The inspectors arranged--the polling clerks seated--
  With Bibles in hand, to purge willing and loth,
  With the Catholic Test, and the Bribery Oath.
  In clamour and tumult mobs thicken around,
  And for one voice to vote there are ten to confound:
  St. GILES’s with WAPPING unites Garretteers,
  HOOD and WRAY and PREROGATIVE, PITT and three cheers!
  ’Tis the day for the Court--the grand Treasury push!
  And the pack of that kennel well trained to the _brush_,
  Dash noisy and fearless through thick and through thin,
  The huntsman unseen, but his friends whippers-in.

  Now follow fresh tribes, scarce a man worth a louse,
  Till put into plight at NORTHUMBERLAND HOUSE;
  Ten poll for one mansion, each proving he keeps it,
  And one for each chimney--he’ll prove that he sweeps it--
  With these mix the great, on rights equally fables,
  Great Peers from poor lodgings, great Lawyers from stables;
  Ev’n the Soldier, whose household’s a centinel box.
  Claims a questionless franchise ’gainst Freedom and FOX;
  All dubbed and maintained upon influence regal
  Of the new H----E of C------S constituents legal.

  What troops too of females ’mong’st CHARLES’s opposers?
  Old tabbies and gossips, scolds, gigglers, and sprosers!
  And Lady LACKPENSION, and Dowager THRIFTY,
  And many a maiden the wrong side of fifty;
  And FUBZY, with flesh and with flabbiness laden
  (And in all things indeed the reverse of a maiden),
  And hags after hags join the barbarous din,
  More hateful than serpents, more ugly than SIN.

  Thus [1] the Bacchanal tribes when they ORPHEUS assailed,
  Drowned his notes with their yells ere their vengeance prevailed,
  Well knowing the sound of his voice or his lyre,
  Had charms to allay diabolical ire.
  Our Bacchanals find a more difficult foe;
  For what strains can inchant, though from ORPHEUS they flow,
  Like the orator’s spell o’er the patriot mind,
  When pleading to reason the cause of mankind?

  Now for councils more secret that govern the plan--
  _A Calif is nothing without a_ DIVAN.
  With invisible step let us steal on the quorum,
  Where MAINWARING sits in the Chair of Decorum.
  And WILMOT harangues to the brethren elect,
  [2]On his master’s commands--“Carry law to effect.”
  “The true reading, my friends, in the _jus bacculinum_,
  When the FOXITES are drubbed, then imprison or fine ’em;
  And let him who would construe th’ effective still further,
  Knock out a friend’s brains to accuse them of murder.
  I have ready some hundreds of resolute knaves,
  With bludgeons well shaped into Constables’ staves,
  In WESTMINSTER strangers--true creatures of power,
  Like the lions--ferociously nursed at the Tower[3].
  Do we want more support?--Mark! that band of red coats!            }
  Whose first service over, of giving their votes,                   }
  Why not try for a second--the cutting of throats!                  }
  From the SAVOY they march--their mercy all lie at,
  When the Bench gives the call, and St. J------s’s the _fiat_.”
  Thus the law of effect the wise justice expounds,
  This is WILMOT’s abridgment compris’d in twelve rounds;
  The new MIDDLESEX CODE--which treats subjects like partridge,
  While the Statutes at large are cut up into cartridge.

  Enough of these horrors--a milder design,
  Though not a more lawful one, CORBET, is thine!
  The polling to close, but decision adjourn,
  And in scrutiny endless to sink the return.
  Thy employers who ranged on the Treasury Bench,
  For prerogative fight, or behind it intrench,
  Shall boldly stand forth in support of the act,
  Which they mean to restrain by law after the fact.
  With quibble and puzzle that reason disgrace.
  Or with impudent paradox put in its place,
  They shall hold, _that an indigent party’s defence,
  When at war with the Treasury, lies in expence;
  [4] That the part of the vexed is to cherish vexation,
  And strain it through_ DRIPSTONES _of procrastination_--
  These positions you’ll say are indeed hypothetic--
  At Court they’ll be Gospel--the muse is prophetic.

End of the First Part.

[1] Note.] _Thus the Bacchanal tribes, &c._

  Cunctaque tela forent cantu mollita: sed ingens
  Clamor, et inflatâ Berecynthia tibia cornu,
  Tympanaque, Plaususque, et Bacchei ululatus
  Obstrepuere sono Citheræ. Tum denique Saxa
  Non exauditi rubuerunt Sanguine Vatis.

[2] See the letter of the Lord Lieutenant of M------x, May 8th.

[3] These strange Constables were avowedly brought from the Tower

[4] See the speech of a young orator in a late debate.




  To thy candour now, HAYLEY, I offer the line,
  Which after thy model I fain would refine.
  Thy skill, in each trial of melody sweeter,
  Can to elegant themes adapt frolicksome metre;
  And at will, with a comic or tender controul,
  Now speak to the humour, and now to the soul.
  We’ll turn from the objects of satire and spleen,
  That late, uncontrasted; disfigured the scene;
  To WRAY leave the rage the defeated attends,
  And the conqueror hail in the arms of his friends;
  Count with emulous zeal the selected and true,
  Enroll in the list, and the triumph pursue.
  These are friendships that bloomed in the morning of life,
  Those were grafted on thorns midst political strife;
  Alike they matured from the stem, or the flower,
  Unblighted by int’rest, unshaken by power.
  Bright band! to whose feelings in constancy tried,
  Disfavour is glory, oppression is pride;
  Attached to his fortunes, and fond of his fame,
  Vicissitudes pass but to shew you the same.

  But whence this fidelity, new to the age?
  Can parts, though sublime, such attachments engage?
  No: the dazzle of parts may the passions allure,
  ’Tis the heart of the friend makes affections endure.
  The heart that intent on all worth but its own,
  Assists every talent, and arrogates none;
  The feeble protects, as it honours the brave,
  Expands to the just, and hates only the knave.

  These are honours, my FOX, that are due to thy deeds;
  But lo! yet a brighter alliance succeeds;
  The alliance of beauty in lustre of youth,
  That shines on thy cause with the radiance of truth.
  The conviction they feel the fair zealots impart,
  And the eloquent eye sends it home to the heart.
  Each glance has the touch of Ithuriel’s spear,
  That no art can withstand, no delusion can bear,
  And the effort of malice and lie of the day,
  Detected and scorn’d, break like vapour away.

  Avaunt, ye profane! the fair pageantry moves:
  An entry of VENUS, led on by the loves!
  Behold how the urchins round DEVONSHIRE press!
  For order, submissive, her eyes they address:
  She assumes her command with a diffident smile,
  And leads, thus attended, the pride of the Isle.

  Oh! now for the pencil of GUIDO! to trace,
  Of KEPPEL the features, of WALDEGRAVES the grace;
  Of FITZROY the bloom the May morning to vie,
  Of SEFTON the air, of DUNCANNON the eye;
  Of LOFTUS the smiles (though with preference proud,
  She gives ten to her husband, for one to the croud),
  Of PORTLAND the manner, that steals on the breast,
  But is too much her own to be caught or express’d;
  The charms that with sentiment BOUVERIE blends,
  The fairest of forms and the truest of friends;
  The look that in WARBURTON, humble and chaste,
  Speaks candour and truth, and discretion and taste;
  Or with equal expression in HORTON combined,
  Vivacity’s dimples with reason refined.

  REYNOLDS, haste to my aid, for a figure divine,
  Where the pencil of GUIDO has yielded to thine;
  Bear witness the canvas where SHERIDAN lives,
  And with angels, the lovely competitor, strives----
  While Earth claims her beauty and Heaven her strain,
  Be it mine to adore ev’ry link of the chain!

  But new claimants appear ere the lyre is unstrung,
  Can PAYNE be passed by? Shall not MILNER be sung?
  See DELME and HOWARD, a favourite pair,
  For grace of both classes, the zealous and fair----
  A verse for MORANT, like her wit may it please,
  Another for BRADDYLL of elegant ease,
  For BAMFYLDE a simile worthy her frame----
  Quick, quick--I have yet half a hundred to name----
  Not PARNASSUS in concert could answer the call,
  Nor multiplied muses do justice to all.

  Then follow the throng where with festal delight,
  More pleasing than HEBE, CREWE opens the night.
  Not the goblet nectareous of welcome and joy,
  That DIDO prepared for the hero of TROY;
  Not Fiction, describing the banquets above,
  Where goddesses mix at the table of JOVE;
  Could afford to the soul more ambrosial cheer
  Than attends on the fairer associates here.
  But CREWE, with a mortal’s distinction content,
  Bounds her claim to the rites of this happy event;
  For the hero to twine civic garlands of fame,
  With the laurel and rose interweaving his name,
  And while Iö Pæans his merits avow,
  As the Queen of the feast, place the wreath on his brow.


_For the_ DUKE OF RICHMOND’_s Bust to the Memory of the

  Hail, marble! happy in a double end!
  Raised to departed principles and friend:
  The friend once gone, no principles would stay:
  For very grief, they wept themselves away!
  Let no harsh censure such conjunction blame,
  Since join’d in life, their fates should be the same.
  Therefore from death they feel a common sting,
  And HEAV’N receives the one, and one the K--G.


_Reason for Mr._ FOX’_s avowed contempt of one_ PIGOT’_s Address to

  Who shall expect the country’s friend,
    The darling of the House,
  Should for a moment condescend
    To crack a [1]PRISON LOUSE.


_On one_ PIGOT’_s being called a_ LOUSE.

  PIGOT is a _Louse_, they say,
    But if you kick him, you will _see_,
  ’Tis by much the truest way,
    To represent him as a FLEA.


  For servile meanness to the great,
    Let none hold PIGOT Cheap;
  Who can resist his destined fate?
    A LOUSE must always CREEP.


  PIGOT is sure a most courageous man,
  “A word and blow” for ever is his plan;
  And thus his friends explain the curious matter,
  He gives the first, and then receives the latter.

[1] The substantive in the marked part of this line has been long an
established SYNONYME for Mr. PIGOT, and the PREDICATE, we are assured,
is not at this time less just.


_To the Tune of_ ALLY CROAKER.

  There lived a man at BECKHAM, in KENT, Sir,
  Who wanted a place to make him content, Sir;
  Long had he sigh’d for BILLY PITT’s protection,
  When thus he gently courted his affection:
    Will you give a place, my dearest BILLY PITT _O!_
    If I can’t have a whole one, oh! give a little bit _O!_

  He pimp’d with GEORGE ROSE, he lied with the DOCTOR,
  He flatter’d Mrs. HASTINGS ’till almost he had shock’d her;
  He got the ARCHBISHOP to write in his favour,
  And when BILLY gets a beard, he swears he’ll be his shaver.
    Then give him a place, oh! dearest BILLY PITT _O!_
    If he can’t have a whole one, oh! give a little bit _O!_

  To all you young men, who are famous for changing,
  From party to party continually ranging,
  I tell you the place of all places to breed in,
  For maggots of corruption’s the heart of BILLY EDEN.
    Then give him a place, oh! dearest BILLY PITT _O!_
    If he can’t have a whole one, oh! give a little bit _O!_


_On Sir_ ELIJAH IMPEY _refusing to resign his Gown as_ CHIEF JUSTICE

  Of yore, ELIJAH, it is stated,
  By angels when to Heav’n translated,
  Before the saint aloft would ride,
  His prophet’s robe he cast aside;
  Thinking the load might sorely gravel
  His porters on so long a travel;
  But our ELIJAH somewhat doubting,
  To him SAINT PETER may prove flouting,
  And wisely of his mantle thinking,
  That its furr’d weight may aid his sinking,
  Scornful defies his namesake’s joke,
  And swears by G--d he’ll keep his cloak.



_On reading Mr._ ROSE’_s Pamphlet on the_ IRISH PROPOSITIONS.

  Uncramp’d yourself by grammar’s rules,
  You hate the jargon of the schools,
    And think it most extremely silly;
  But reading your unfetter’d prose,
  I wish the too-licentious ROSE
    Was temper’d by the chaster LILLY[1].

[1] A famous grammarian, well known for his excellent rules,
and still more for the happy classical quotations he has furnished
to Sir GEORGE HOWARD, and others of the more learned Ministerial



Whereas it hath been made known to us, from divers good and
respectable quarters, in several parts of the empire, that a practice
of great and salutary consequences to the health, wealth, and good
order of our subjects; to wit, that of TEA-DRINKING, has of late years
been very much discontinued: AND WHEREAS it is a true and admitted
principle in all free governments, that the efficient Minister is the
best and only judge of what suits the constitution, pleases the
appetite, or is adapted to the wants of the subject. NOW IT IS HEREBY
ORDERED, and strictly ordained, by and with the advice of the PRIVY
COUNCIL, that all his Majesty’s liege subjects, of all ranks,
descriptions, or denominations whatever, be henceforward, and from the
date hereof, required and enjoined, under the penalty of a
_premunire_, to drink, swill, and make away with a certain quantity of
the said nostrum and salutary decoction in the course of each natural
day, in the order and proportion as directed and ascertained in the
list or schedule herein after following, _viz_.

I. To every DUKE, MARQUIS, EARL, VISCOUNT, and BARON, within his
Majesty’s kingdom of GREAT BRITAIN, one pound per day.--If GREEN be
too strong for their nerves, they may use SOUCHONG.--The method of
making it, that is to say, strong, weak, and so on, is left to the
noble personages themselves.

II. To every IRISH ditto, two pound per ditto.--This will be no
inconvenience, as smuggled claret will not be in future to be had.

pound per ditto.--As this regulation is not intended to hurt his
Majesty’s Customs, a mixture of LIQUEURS will be permitted as usual.

and other young gentlemen of that RANK and DESCRIPTION (being pretty
nearly the usual quantity), two pound per ditto.

V. To COUNTRY ’SQUIRES, FOX-HUNTERS, &c. as a most agreeable
substitute for STINGO and OCTOBER, three pound per ditto.

VI. To DRAYMEN, CHAIRMEN, and BARGEMEN, instead of PORTER, two pound
per ditto.

VII. To the Commonalty of this Realm, to drink with their victuals
and otherwise, at one pound for each person per ditto.

And IT IS FURTHER ORDERED, that no excuse or plea whatever shall be
deemed valid, for the non-compliance with the above regulations; AND
that whoever shall pretend, that the said wholesome and benign
decoction, either does not agree with him, or is more expensive than
his finances or state of life will permit, shall be only considered
as aggravating the offence of disobedience, by a contumacious doubt
of the better knowledge of his superiors, and a ridiculous endeavour
to seem to be better acquainted with his own constitution and
circumstances, than the efficient Minister of the country.

  GIVEN _at our Palace in_ DOWNING-STREET,
       _this 24th Day of June, 1784._


Many doubts having arisen, principally among the gentlemen who belong
to the same profession with the Master of the Rolls, whether that
distinguished character has _really_ sent a draft to the HIGH BAILIFF
of WESTMINSTER, for the expences of a late trial and verdict in the
Common Pleas; and although the fact is not exactly as it has been
represented, yet the following authentic letter will sufficiently
evince the generous intentions of Sir LL----D, as soon as he becomes
rich enough for him to answer so heavy a demand. At present, all who
know the very circumscribed state of his income, compared with the
liberality of his expenditure--who consider the extent of those
different establishments, which he feels it necessary to keep up
by way of preserving the dignity of his high office--his wardrobe
and table for instance--will acknowledge the plea of poverty to be
justly urged.


_My dear and faithful friend, Tho. Corbett,_

“I anticipate your application to me, for the expences of defending
yourself against the action brought by that fellow, FOX. If eternally
damning the jury would pay the verdict, I would not scruple to assist
you to the utmost of my abilities.--Though THURLOW is against us upon
this point, and to swear with him, you know, would be just as vain a
thing as to swear with the Devil; but, my friend, the long and the
short of this matter is, that I am _wretched poor_--wretchedly so, I
do assure you, in every sense and signification of the word. I have
long borne the profitless incumbrance of nominal and ideal wealth. My
income has been cruelly estimated at seven, or, as some will have it,
eight thousand pounds per annum. The profession of which I am a
Member, my dear THOMAS, has taught me to value facts infinitely more
than either words or reasons. I shall save myself, therefore, the
mortification of denying that I am rich, and refer you to the constant
habits, and whole tenor of my life. The proof to my friends is
easy--Of the economy which I am obliged to observe in one very necessary
article, my taylor’s bill for these last fifteen years, is a record
of the most indisputable authority. There are malicious souls, who
may object to this, as by no means the best evidence of the state of
my wardrobe; they will direct you, perhaps, to Lord STORMONT’s
Valet de Chambre, and accompany the hint with an anecdote, that
on the day when I kissed hands for my appointment to the office of
Attorney-General, I appeared in a laced waistcoat that once belonged
to his master. The topic is invidious, and I disdain to enter into
it.--I _bought_ the waistcoat, but despise the insinuation--nor is this
the only instance in which I am obliged to diminish my wants, and
apportion them to my very limited means. Lady K. will be my witness,
that until my last appointment, I was an utter stranger to the luxury
of a pocket handkerchief.

“If you wish to know how I live, come and satisfy yourself--I shall
dine at home this day three months, and if you are not engaged, and
breakfast late, shall be heartily glad of your company; but in truth,
my butler’s place is become an absolute sinecure--early habits of
sobriety, and self-denial, my friend, have made me what I am--have
deceived the approach of age, and enabled me to support the laborious
duties, and hard vicissitudes of my station.

“Besides, my dear BAILIFF, there are many persons to whom your
application would be made with infinitely more propriety than to me.
The nature of PEPPER ARDEN is mild, gentle, accommodating to the
extreme, and I will venture to engage that he would by no means
refuse a reasonable contribution. MACDONALD is, among those who
know him, a very proverb for generosity; and will certainly stand
by you, together with DUNDAS and the LORD ADVOCATE, if there be
fidelity in Scotchmen. BEARCROFT too will open his purse to you with
the same blind and improvident magnanimity with which he risqued his
opinion in your favour: besides, you are sure of PITT.--A real zeal
for your welfare, a most disinterested friendship, and some
consciousness that I have materially helped to involve you; and,
believe me, not the sordid motive of shifting either the blame,
or the expence upon the shoulders of others, have made me thus
eagerly endeavour to put you in the way of consulting your best
friends in this very critical emergency.

“As to myself, you are possessed already of the circumstances which
render any immediate assistance on my part wholly out of the question.
Except half a dozen pair of black plush breeches, which I have but
this instant received, I can offer you nothing. My superfluities
extend no further. But better times may soon arrive, and I will not
fail you then. The present Chief Justice of the King’s Bench cannot
long retain his situation; and as you are one whom I have selected
from among many to be the friend of my bosom, I will now reveal to
you a great secret in the last arrangement of judicial offices.
Know then, that Sir ELIJAH IMPEY is the man fixed upon to preside
in the chief seat of criminal and civil jurisprudence of this country.
I am to succeed him in BENGAL; and then, my dear THOMAS, we may set
the malice of juries at defiance. If they had given FOX as many
diamonds by their verdict as they have pounds, rest assured that
I am not a person likely to fail you, after I shall have been there
a little while, either through want of faith, or want of means.
Set your mind, therefore, at ease; as to the money--why, if PITT is
determined to have nothing to do with it, and if nobody else will
pay it, I think the most adviseable thing, in your circumstances,
will be to pay it yourself. Not that you are to be ultimately at the
expence of a single shilling. The contents of this letter will fully
prove that I mean to reimburse you what I am able. For the present,
nobody knows better than yourself, not even Lady K----, how ill
matters stand with me, and that I find it utterly impossible to obey
the dictates of my feelings.

    “I am, my dear HIGH BAILIFF,
      Your very affectionate friend,
        And humble servant,
    _June 20, 1786._”


on his being created LORD HAWKESBURY.

    Quem vimm aut heroa lyra vel acri
    Tibia sumes celebrare, Clio?
    Quem Deum? Cujus recinet jocosa
    Nomen imago?                    HOR.

  JENKY, for you I’ll wake the lyre,
  Tho’ not with Laureat WARTONS fire,
    Your hard-won meed to grace:
  Gay was your air, your visage blythe,
  Unless when FOX has made you writhe,
    With tortur’d MARSYAS’ face.

  No more you’ll dread such pointed sneer,
  But safely skulk amidst your Peers,
    And slavish doctrines spread;
  As some ill-omen’d baneful yew
  That sheds around a poisonous dew,
    And shakes its rueful head.

  Your frozen heart ne’er learn’d to glow
  At other’s good, nor melt at woe;
    Your very roof is chilling:
  There Bounty never spreads her ray;
  You e’en shut out the light of day[1],
    To save a paltry shilling,

  A Prince, by servile knaves addrest,
  Ne’er takes a DEMPSTER to his breast,
    JACK ROB’SON serves his ends;
  Unrivall’d stood the treach’rous name,
  Till envious EDEN urg’d his claim,
    While both betray their friends.

  On whom devolves your back-stairs cloak,
  When, prophet-like, “you mount as smoke[2]?”
    Must little POWNEY catch it?
  But as ’tis rather worse for wear,
  Let mighty BUCKS take special care
    To brush it well and patch it.

  While o’er his loyal breast so true,
  Great G---- expands the riband blue,
    There--Honour’s star will shine:
  As RAWDON was bold RICHMOND’s Squire,
  To install a Knight so full of fire
    --Let ASTON, BUCKS, be thine.

  JENKY, pursue Ambition’s task,
  The King will give whate’er you ask,
    Nor heed the frowns of PITT;
  Tho’ proud, he’ll truckle to disgrace,
  By feudal meanness keep his place[3],
    And turn the royal spit.

  With saintly HILL divide your glory[4],
  No true King’s friend, on such a Tory
    The peerage door will shut;
  Canting, he’ll serve both Church and Throne,
  And make the Reverend Bench your own,
    By piety and smut.

  BANKS at his side, demure and sly,
  Will aptly tell a specious lye,
    Then speed the royal summons:
  He’s no raw novice in the trade,
  His honour’s now a batter’d jade--
    PITT flung it to the Commons.

  While THURLOW damns these cold delays,
  Mysterious diamonds vainly blaze,
    The impending vote to check;
  K.B. and Peer, let HASTINGS shine,
  IMPEY, with pride, will closely twine
    The collar round his neck.

  Ennobling thus the mean and base,
  Our gracious S--------’s art we trace,
    Assail’d by factions bold;
  So prest, great FREDERICK rose in fame,
  On _pots de chambre_ stamp’d his name[5],
    And pewter pass’d for gold.

  Should restive SYDNEY keep the seal,
  JENKY, still shew _official_ zeal,
    Your friend, your master, charm;
  Revive an ANGLO-SAXON place[6],
  Let GEORGE’s feet your bosom grace,
  Your love will keep them warm.

[1] Mr. JENKINSON exhibited a laudable example of political œconomy,
by shutting up several of his windows at his seat near Croydon, on the
passing of the Commutation Act. His Majesty’s _bon mot_ on this
occasion should not be forgot. “What! what! (said the Royal Jester) do
my subjects complain of?--JENKY tells me he does not pay as much to the
Window Tax as he did before. Why then don’t my people do like JENKY?”

[2] A beautiful oriental allusion, borrowed from Mr. HASTINGS’s Ode,
      “And care, _like smoke_, in turbid wreathes,
      Round the gay ceiling flies.”

[3] FINCHFIELD.--Co. ESSEX.----JOHN CAMPES held this manor of King
EDWARD III. by the service of _turning the spit_ at his coronation.
                            _Camden’s Britannia--article Essex._

[4] The King magnanimously refused to create either Sir RICHARD HILL,
or Mr. BANKS, Peers, that the singular honour bestowed _solely_ by his
Majesty might be more conspicuous, and that Mr. PITT’s humiliation
might no longer be problematic. Sir RICHARD had composed a beautiful
sacred cantata on the occasion, dedicated to his brother, the Rev.
ROWLAND HILL. The first stanza alludes, by an apt quotation from the
68th Psalm, to the elevation and dignities of the family:
              “Why hop so high, ye little H_I_LLS?”
              With joy, the Lord’s anointed f_i_lls;
                Let’s pray with one accord!
              In sleepless visions of the night,
              NORTH’s cheek I smote with all my might,
                For which I’m made a Lord, &c. &c.

[5] The King of PRUSSIA replenished his exhausted treasury in the war
of 1756, by a coinage of pewter ducats.

[6] “Besides the twenty-four officer above described, there were
eleven others of considerable value in the courts of the ancient
Princes, the most remarkable of which was, that of the King’s
feet-bearer; this was a young gentleman, whose duty it was to sit
on the floor, with his back towards the fire, and hold the King’s
feet in his bosom all the time he sat at table, to keep them warm
and comfortable.”
  _Leges Wallicæ, p.58.--Henry’s History of Great Britain, v.2,p.275_


    Æli, vetusto nobilis a Lamo,
    Quando et priores hinc Lamia ferunt
    Denominatos, &c.

  ELI-JAH noblest of the race
  Of [1]IMPS, from whom the IMPEYS trace,
    If common fame says true,
  Their origin; and that they found
  Their claim on just and solid ground,
    Refer for _proof_ to you--

  You, who could post nine hundred miles,
  To fathom an old woman’s wiles,
    Possess’d of _dangerous_ treasure;
  Could hurry with a pedlar’s pack
  Of affidavits at your back,
    In quest of health and pleasure.

  And all because the jealous JOVE[2]
  Of Eastern climes thought fit to prove
    The _venom_ of his reign;
  On which, to minds of light esteem,
  _Some few severities_ might seem
    To leave a transient stain.

  Soon [3] on your head from yon dark sky,
  Or WOODFALL’_s Hasty Sketches_ lye,
    The gather’d storm will break!
  Deep will the vengeful thunder be,
  And from the sleep he owes to thee,
    Shall NUNDCOMAR awake!

  Then arm against the rude attack,
  Recall thy roving memory back,
    And all thy proofs collect!--
  Remember that you cannot gain
  A second hearing to _explain_,
    And [4] _therefore_ be correct.

[1] MILTON makes honourable mention of the founder of the family:
    “Fit vessel, fittest _Imp_ of Fraud.”
                                        _Paradise Lost, b._ IX.

It may be observed, in proof of the descent, as well as to the credit
of the present Representative, that he has not degenerated from the
characteristic “obliquity” of his Ancestor.

[2] Late Tyrannus.

[3] Demissa tempestas ab Euro
    Sternet--Nisi fallit Augur
    Anosa Cornix.

[4] See Declaration of Sir E---- I----, offered to the House by



  Let great GEORGE his porkers bilk,
  And give his maids the sour skim-milk;
  With her stores let CERES crown him,
  ’Till the gracious sweat run down him,
      Making butter night and day:
          Well! well!
      Every King must have his way;
  But to my poor way of thinking,
      True joy is drinking.

  BILLY PITT delights to prose,
  ’Till admiring Grocers dose;
  Ancient Virgins all adore him,
  Not a woman falls before him;
      Never kissing night nor day:
          Well! well!
      Every child must have its way;
  But to my poor way of thinking,
      True joy is drinking.

  You too, HASTINGS, know your trade!
  No vile fears your heart invade,
  When you rove for EASTERN plunder,
  Making Monarchs truckle under,
      Slitting windpipes night and day:
          Well! well!
      Governors will have their way;
  But to my poor way of thinking,
      True joy is drinking.


_To the Turn of_ “A COBLER THERE WAS,” &c.

  Ye boobies of Britain, who lately thought fit
  The care of the state to a child to commit,
  Pray how do you like your young Minister’s budget?
  Should he take your last farthing, you never can grudge it.
                              Deny down, &c

  A tax on your heads! there’d be justice in that;
  But he only proposes a tax on your hat;
  So let every ENGLISHMAN throw up his beaver,
  And hollo. Prerogative BILLY for ever!
                              Deny down, &c

  Not being much favour’d with female applauses,
  He takes his revenge on their ribands and gauzes;
  Then should not each female, Wife, Widow, or Miss,
  To Coventry send master BILLY for this?
                              Deny down, &c

  How oft has he told us his views were upright!
  That his actions would all bear the test of the light!
  Yet he sure in the dark must have something to do,
  Who shuts out both day-light and candle-light too.
                              Deny down, &c

  JOHN BULL’s house is tax’d, so he plays him a trick,
  By cunningly laying a duty on brick;
  Thus JOHN for his dwelling is fore’d to pay twice,
  But BILLY hopes JOHN will not smoke the device.
                              Deny down, &c

  What little we may have by industry made,
  We must pay for a licence to set up a trade;
  So that ev’ry poor devil must now be tax’d more
  For dealing in goods that paid taxes before.
                              Deny down, &c

  The Callico-printers may beg if they please;
  As dry as a sponge he their cotton will squeeze;
  With their tears let them print their own linens, cries he,
  But they never shall make an impression on me,
                              Deny down, &c

  The crazy old hackney-coach, almost broke down,
  Must now pay ten shillings instead of a crown;
  And to break him down quite, if the first will not do’t,
  Ten shillings a-piece on his horses to boot.
                              Deny down, &c

  The tax upon horses may not be severe,
  But his scheme for collecting it seems very queer;
  Did a school-boy e’er dream of a project so idle?
  A tax on a horse by a stamp on a bridle!
                              Deny down, &c

  The tax upon sportsmen I hold to be right;
  And only lament that the tax is so light;
  But, alas! it is light for this palpable cause,
  That sportsmen themselves are the makers of laws!
                              Deny down, &c

  He fain would have meddled with coals, but I wot
  For his fingers the Gentleman found them too hot;
  The rich did not like it, and so to be sure,
  In its place he must find out a tax on the poor.
                              Deny down, &c

  Then last, that our murmurs may teaze him the less,
  By a tax upon paper he’d silence the press;
  So our sorrow by singing can ne’er be relax’d,
  Since a song upon taxes itself must be tax’d.
                              Deny down, &c

  But now it is time I should finish my song,
  And I wish from my soul that it was not so long,
  Since at length it evinces in trusting to PITT,
  Good neighbours, we all have been cursedly bit.
                              Deny down, &c


  While BURKE, in strains pathetic, paints
  The sufferings dire of GENTOO saints,
      From HOLY CITY[1] driven;
  Cries HASTINGS, I admit their worth,
  I thought them far too good for earth,
      So pack’d them off to Heaven.



    So poor ROHILLAS overthrown,
    That HASTINGS has no mercy shown
  In vain, cries SCOTT, to prove you strive;
    By G--d he never murder’d one,
    For half are still alive.



  “_And whoever believeth not all this shall be damned._”
                                             ST. ATHANASIUS.

The Members of Opposition are all equally poor--YET _the poor ones
are wholly maintained by the rich_.

Notwithstanding the above is their only support--YET _their only means
of living arises at the gaming table_.

Though these poor dogs win so much money at BROOKES’s--YET _the
Members of_ BROOKES’s _are all equally indigent_.

OPPOSITION cannot raise a shilling--YET _they maintain an army of
scribblers, merely to injure an immaculate Minister, whom it is not
in their power to hurt_.

They are too contemptible and infamous to obtain a moment’s attention
from any gentleman or man of sense, and the people at large hold them
in general detestation--YET _the gentlemen and men of sense, who
conduct the Ministerial papers, are daily employed to attack these
infamous wretches, and in endeavouring to convince people who are
already all of one mind_.

Their characters are so notorious that no person can be found to give
them credit for a shilling--YET _they are constantly running in debt
with their tradesmen_.

They are obliged to sponge for a dinner, or else must go without--YET
_they indulge themselves in every species of debauchery and

Their prose is as devoid of argument as their verse is of wit--YET
_whole troops of ministerial writers are daily employed in answering
the one and criticising the other_.

Their speeches are laughed at and despised by the whole nation--YET
_these laughable and despicable speeches were so artfully framed, as
alone to raise a clamour that destroyed the wisest of all possible

They have traiterously raised a flame in IRELAND--YET _the_ IRISH _are
too enlightened to attend to the barkings of a degraded faction_.

Their ROLLIADS and ODES are stark nonsense--YET _the sale has been so
extensive as to have new clothed the whole_ BLUE AND BUFF GANG.

They are possessed of palaces purchased out of the public plunder--YET
_they have not a hole to hide their heads in_.

The infernal arts of this accursed faction, and not his measures,
have rendered Mr. PITT unpopular--YET _is Mr_. PITT _much more popular
than ever_.

In short, OPPOSITION are the most unpopular, _popular_; poor, _rich_;
artless, _artful_; incapable, _capable_; senseless, _sensible_;
neglectful, _industrious_; witless, _witty_; starving, _pampered_;
lazy, _indefatigable_; extravagant, _penurious_; bold, _timid_;
hypocritical, _unguarded_; set of designing, _blundering_; low-minded,
_high-minded_; dishonest, _honest_; knaves, as were ever honoured with


_October, 1787._

Told the Chairman the Company had long been in want of four regiments
of King’s forces--said it was the first he had heard of it--told him
he must require them as absolutely necessary for the safety of
India--the man appeared staggered; reminded me of my usual caution;
grumbled out something about recruits being cheaper; muttered that I
expected too much from him, and talked of preserving appearances.--Called
him a fool, and ordered him to do as he was bid.

_October, November, December, January_.--Employed in disputes with
those damned fellows the Directors--would not have my regiments--told
them they must--swore they would not--believe the Chairman manages
very badly--threatened to provide transports, to carry out the troops
at the Company’s expence--found afterwards I had no right--ordered
PITT to bring in a Declaratory Bill!

_February_ 25th.----Bill brought in--badly drawn--turn away RUSSEL,
and get another Attorney-General--could not make MULGRAVE speak--don’t
see what use he’s of.

_March_ 3d.--Bill read a second time--Sheridan very troublesome--much
talk about the constitution--wish Pitt would not let people wander
so from the question.

_March_ 5th.--Bill in a Committee--Members begin to smell
mischief--don’t like it--PITT took fright and shammed sick--was obliged
to speak myself--resolved to do it once for all--spoke four hours--so
have done my duty, and let PITT now get out of the scrape as well as he

_March_ 7th.--PITT moved to recommit the bill--talked about checks and
the constitution--believe he’s mad. Got into a damned scrape about
cotton--second time I’ve been detected--won’t speak any more.--N.B.
Not to let BARING come into the Direction again.--FOX spoke--PITT
could not answer him, and told the House he was too hoarse--forgot at
the time to disguise his voice.

_March_ 9th.--Got THURLOW to dine with us at _Wimbledon_--gave him my
best Burgundy and Blasphemy, to put him into good humour.--After a
brace of bottles, ventured to drop a hint of business--THURLOW damned
me, and asked PITT for a sentiment--PITT looked foolish--GRENVILLE
wise--MULGRAVE stared--SYDNEY’s chin lengthened--tried the effects of
another bottle.--PITT began a long speech about the subject of our
meeting--SYDNEY fell asleep by the fire--MULGRAVE and GRENVILLE
retired to the old game of the board, and played push-pin for
ensigncies in the new corps--Grenville won three.--Mem.--To punish
their presumption, will not let either of them have one.

THURLOW very queer.--He swore the bill is absurd, and my
correspondence with those cursed Directors damned stupid.--However,
will vote and speak with us--PITT quite sick of him--says he growls at
every thing, proposes nothing, and supports any thing.

N.B. Must look about for a new Chancellor--Scott might do, but cants
too much about his independence and his conscience--what the devil
has he to do with independence and conscience--besides he has a
snivelling trick of retracting when he is caught in a lie--hate such
puling fellows--GEORGE HARDINGE not much better--must try him
tho’--will order him to speak on Wednesday.

Took PITT to town in my chariot--drove to Berkeley-street--got PITT
to the door, but he would not come in--lounged an hour with
CHARLOTTE--promised her a company in one of the new regiments for a
disbanded private of the Horse Guards.--Why not order the whole House
to be qualified at DRUMMOND’s, and charge it to the Company’s secret

_March_ 10th.--Sent for TWINING--when he came, had by me a large bason
of his SOUCHONG--drank it without a wry face--the most nauseous black
draught I ever swallowed--swore it was excellent--quoted a sentence
from CICERO, which I got from PRETTYMAN for the occasion--promised to
put TWINING on my House-list next year, give him one of the Chairs,
and put the Tea-Trade under the Secret Committee--TWINING to procure
a requisition for a General Court--gave him hints for a speech--to
abuse Baring damnably.

Called at WHITEHALL--took away the last letters from CORNWALLIS, that
PITT may not see them before they are _properly copied_ out by my
private Secretary.--Left orders for PITT and SYDNEY to follow me
to my house, where they would find my dispatches for India ready
for signing.

_March_ 11th.--Dined with the Directors--almost too late; _London
Tavern_ not near enough.--Mem. to order the Directors in future always
to dine in my neighbourhood, and allow them to charge the additional
coach-hire to the Company--Why not buy a _long stage_ to carry them
about wherever I may want them?

PITT frightened when we got into the City, lest the mob should
hiss--talked about _Grocers’ Hall_ and better times; asked me if I was
not glad they were going to pull down _Temple bar_, and hoped there
would be no further occasion for it.

Tried to prevent his being melancholy--threw a shilling among the
blackguards--would not do--no huzzaing. N.B. Not to forget to make the
Chairman repay me, the money being disbursed in the Company’s service.

Got to the LONDON TAVERN at six. Drew up my Commissioners in the
passage, and gave them their orders--told PITT to follow next to me,
and bid MULGRAVE speak in his upper voice, and be affable.--Tried to
laugh as we entered the room--MULGRAVE put us out by one of his
growling sighs--damn the fellow! must get rid of him.--Told DEVAYNES
to laugh for us all--did it well--make him Chairman next year.

Dinner good--don’t see why we should not dine with them always.--N.B.
Ordered twelve dozen of their claret to be carried to
_Wimbledon_--LUSHINGTON grumbled, and asked by what authority I did
it.--A very troublesome fellow that--remove him.

PITT peevish and out of spirits; ordered MOTTEUX to sing a song--began
“_Ah si vous pouviez comprendre._” PITT turned red, and thought
the Chairman alluded to some dark passages in the India Bill--endeavoured
to pacify him, and told the _Secret Committee_ to give us a soft air;
they sung in a low voice “_the cause I must not, dare not
tell_”--MANSHIP groaned, and drank Colonel CATHCART. By G--, if I
thought he meant to betray me, I’d indict him for perjury!--Somebody
struck up “_if you trust before you try._”--PITT asked if the
Directors wished to affront, him, and began a long harangue about his
regard and friendship for the Company;--_nine_ Directors offered to
swear for it--told them they need not--bowed, and thanked me.

LE MESURIER begged our attention to a little French Air, “_Sous le nom
de l’amitié en finesse on abonde_”--cursed _mal-à-propos_.

PITT swore he was insulted, and got up to go away. The Alderman, much
terrified at what he had done, protested solemnly he meant no offence,
and called God to witness, it was a very harmless song he learnt some
time ago in _Guernsey_--Could not appease PITT--so went away with him,
after ordering MULGRAVE not to let SYDNEY drink any more wine, for
fear he should begin talking.

PITT desired the servants to put out the flambeaux, as we went through
the city--(a sad coward!) asked me if I did not think FOX’s a very
able speech--sighed, and said he had promised to answer it
to-morrow--wished however to do nothing in a hurry--expressed much
diffidence in his own abilities, and paid me many compliments--thought
I had a fine opportunity to shew my talents--assured me he should think
nothing of waving _his_ right to reply; and that he had not the least
objection to letting _me_ answer FOX--begged to decline the offer.
N.B. He seemed very uneasy and much frightened--never knew him
_diffident_ before--wish to-morrow was well over.

Came home--opened a bottle of champaigne which I brought in the
carriage with me from the Directors’ dinner--looked over my list of
_levee_ men--found nine field officers yet unprovided for. Wrote to
ROSS, enclosing the copy of a letter to be sent to me from Lord
C----LL--S requiring more King’s troops--finished my bottle and
went to bed.

_March_ 12.--Went to the levee--He looked surly--would hardly speak to
me--don’t like him--must have heard that I can govern INDIA without
consulting him.--Nothing ever escapes that _damned_ fellow SHERIDAN!

Between four and five went to the House--worse than the levee--PITT
would not speak, pretended it was better to wait for FOX--put him in
mind of the excuse he made at the end of the last debate, and his
_promise_ to answer _calumnies_--don’t mind promises--a damned good
quality that--but ought to consider his friends--GEO. HARDINGE spoke
in consequence of my orders--forgot I was sitting below him--attacked
Lord NORTH’s administration--got into a cursed scrape with
POWIS--won’t do for CHANCELLOR--why not try BURGESS?--SCOTT defended
what he had said in the last debate--made it worse than ever--quoted
from DEBRETT’s debates--talked about an _adder_--thought he was
alluding to PITT--our lawyers somehow don’t answer--ADAM and
ANSTRUTHER worth them all--can’t they be bought?--_Scotchmen!_--damned
strange if they can’t--Mem. to tell ROSE to sound them.

ADAM severe on me and the rest that have betrayed Lord NORTH--a
general confusion all round PITT--no one to defend us--VILLIERS
grinned--GRAHAM simpered--MULGRAVE growled--by G--d I believe PITT
enjoyed it--always pleased when his friends get into a scrape.--Mem.
to give him a lecture upon that--MULGRAVE spoke at last--wish he’d
held his tongue--SHERIDAN answered him--improves every day--wish we
had him----very odd so clever a fellow shouldn’t be able to see his
own interest--wouldn’t venture on a reply myself, for fear of another
lick from that clumsy boor Sir EDWARD ASTLEY--said my long speech was
dull and tiresome--what’s the matter with the fellow?--used to vote
with us--believe LANSDOWN’s got him.--Mem. to tell STEELE to look out
for another Member for the county of Norfolk.

Jogged PITT--told him SHERIDAN’s speech _must_ be answered--said, _I_
might do it then, for he _couldn’t_--PULTENEY relieved us a little,
pretending to be gull’d by the _checks_--too great nonsense to have
any effect on the House.--BASTARD forgot his last abuse of PITT, and
talked again about confidence; but was against the Bill--what’s
confidence without a vote?--came to a division at last--better than
the former--had whipped in well from SCOTLAND--the House seems
tired--hope we shan’t have much more of this.

Mem. to give orders to MANNERS to make a noise, and let nobody speak
on third reading--a very useful fellow that MANNERS--does more good
sometimes than ten speakers.

_March_ 14th. God’s infinite mercy be praised, AMEN! This is the last
day that infernal DECLARATORY BILL stays in the House of Commons--as
for the _Lords_--but that’s no business of mine; only poor
SYDNEY!--Well--God bless us all--AMEN!

Got up and wrote the above, after a very restless night--went to bed
again--but could not sleep--troubled with the _blue devils_--thought I
saw POWIS--recovered myself a little, and fell into a slumber--Dreamt
I heard SHERIDAN speaking to me through the curtains--woke in a
fright, and jumped out of bed.

Went down stairs--found some of the DIRECTORS waiting in the
hall--_damned their bloods_, and told them this was all their
doing--informed me a General Court was called by the enemy--bid them
make such a noise, that nobody might be heard--DEVAYNES undertook
it--ordered the SECRET COMMITTEE to stay, and sent the rest about
their business.

After breakfast wrote to HAWK----Y, and begged his acceptance of a
_Lieut. Colonelcy, 2 Majorities, a Collectorship, 3 Shawls_ and a
piece of _India Muslin_ for the young ladies--sent back one of the
_Shawls_, and said he’d rather have another _Collector’s
place_--Damnation! but it must be so, or SYDNEY will be left to
himself.--N.B. Not to forget THURLOW’s _Arrack_ and _Gunpowder Tea_,
with the _India Crackers_ for his children.

MULGRAVE called to know if I wanted him to speak to-day--told him
not--had enough of him last time.

Went down to the House--ANSTRUTHER played the devil with all our
_checks_ and _guards_--serves us right for introducing such
nonsense--GEORGE NORTH asked when I meant to open my budget--said,
when the RAVENSWORTH arrives--pray God she be lost! Mem. When I do
open my budget, to state all the accounts in _Tales, Pagodas_, and
_Mohurs_--has a fine effect on the country gentlemen, and prevents
many impertinent observations.

Waited very patiently for PITT’s _promised answer_ to FOX’s
_calumnies_ till eight o’clock--fresh inquiries about it every
minute--began to be very uneasy--saw OPPOSITION sneering--SHERIDAN
asked PITT if he was _hoarse_ yet--looked exceedingly foolish--pitied
him, and, by way of relieving his aukward situation, spoke myself--made
some of my boldest assertions--said a good thing about “_A Mare’s
Nest_”--coined a few clauses, which I assured the House were in Fox’s
Bill, and sat down with much applause--was afterwards unfortunately
detected in every thing I had said, and universally scouted by all
sides.--Mem. I should not have got into that scrape, if I had not
tried to help a friend in distress.--N.B. Never to do it again--there’s
nothing to be gained by it.

As soon as I recovered myself, asked PITT whether he really meant to
answer FOX, or not--Owned at last, with tears in his eyes, he could
not muster courage enough to attempt it--sad work this!--N.B. Observed
GRENVILLE made a note, that a man need not be an orator, to be
_Chancellor of the Exchequer_--he seemed pleased with the precedent.

Nothing left for it but to cry _question!_--divided--only 54
majority--here’s a job!

SHERIDAN read a cursed malicious paper, in which he proved PITT an
impostor: and that what FOX had openly demanded, the _Board of
Controul_ had secretly stolen.--Brother Commissioners all turned
pale--was obliged to rub their noses with _Thieves Vinegar_, and then
slunk out of the House as fast as I could.----N.B. Believe OLD
PEARSON’s a sneering son of a bitch--tried to whistle as I went
through the lobby--asked me if I was unwell--damn his impudence.

Came home in a very melancholy mood--returned thanks in a short prayer
for our narrow escape--drank a glass of brandy--confessed my
sins--determined to reform, and sent to WILBERFORCE for a good book--a
very worthy and religious young man that--like him much--always votes
with us.

Was beginning to grow very dejected, when ROSE called to inform me
of an excellent scheme about BANK STOCK--a snug thing, and not more
than twenty in the secret--raised my spirits again--told the servant
I would not trouble Mr. WILBERFORCE--ordered a bottle of best
burgundy--set to it with ROSE, hand to fist--congratulated one another
on having got the DECLARATORY BILL out of our House--and drank good
luck to SYDNEY, and a speedy progress through the Lords.



_Thunder. A Cauldron boiling.
Enter three Witches._

  _First Witch_.  Thrice the Doctors have been heard,
  _Second Witch_. Thrice the Houses have conferred.
  _Third Witch_.  Thrice hath SYDNEY cock’d his chin,
                  JENKY cries--begin, begin.
  _First Witch_.  Round about the cauldron go.
                  In the fell ingredients throw.
                  Still-born Fœtus, born and bred,
                  In a Lawyer’s puzzled head,
                  Hatch’d by Metaphysic Scot,
                  Boil thou in the’ enchanted pot.
  _All_.          Double, double, toil and trouble;
                  Fire burn, and Cauldron bubble.
  _Second Witch_. Skull that holds the small remains
                  Of old CAMDEN’s addle brains;
                  Liver of the lily’s hue,
                  Which in RICHMOND’s carcase grew;
                  Tears which stealing down the cheek
                  Of the rugged THURLOW, speak
                  All the poignant grief he feels
                  For his Sovereign--or the Seals;
                  For a charm of powerful trouble,
                  Like a Hell-broth, boil and bubble.
  _All_.          Double, double, toil and trouble,
                  Fire burn, and Cauldron bubble.
  _Third Witch._  Clippings of Corinthian brass
                  From the visage of DUNDAS;
                  Forg’d Address, devis’d by Rose,
                  Half of PEPPER ARDEN’s nose;
                  Smuggled vote of City Thanks,
                  Promise of insidious BANKS;
                  Add a grain of ROLLO’s courage,
                  To enflame the hellish porridge.
  _First Witch_.  Cool it, with LLOYD KENTON’s blood.
                  Now the charm is firm and good.
  _All_.          Double, double, toil and trouble,
                  Fire burn, and Cauldron bubble.

_Enter_ HECATE, _Queen of the Witches._

  _Hecate_.      Oh! well done! I commend your pains,
                 And ev’ry one shall share i’th’ gains,

_Cauldron sinks. Witches fly away upon broomsticks; thunder, &c._



[_It is with singular satisfaction we communicate the following most
excellent versions of_ Lord BELGRAVE’s _never-to-be-forgotten
quotation; trusting, as we sincerely do, that so mark’d an attention
to his Lordship’s scholarship may considerably console him under his
melancholy failure as an orator._]

    Lord BELGRAVE’s Quotation.

  Τον δαπαμειβομενος προσεφη ποδας οκυς Αχιλλευς.

    Translation by Lord _Grosvenor_.

  His dam was Thetis, Æacus his Sire,
  And for his paces he was nam’d Highflyer.

    Another by Sir _Joseph Mawbey_.

  Achilles, who was quite a man of whim,
  And also had a swift foot, answer’d him----

    Another by Sir _Cecil Wray_.

  There was a man, Achilles he was call’d,                 }
  He had two feet, they were so swift, he ball’d,          }
  Or otherwise, he mought, I say, have fall’d.             }

    Another by Lord _Mornington_, and Lord _Graham_.

  With lightest heels oppos’d to heaviest head,
  To Lord Atrides, Lord Achilles said----

    Another by the _Chancellor_.

  To him Achilles, with a furious nod,
  Replied, a very pretty speech, by G--d!

    Another by Mr. _Grenville_.

  The Grecian speaker rose with look so big,
  It spoke his bottom and nigh burst his wig----

    Another by _Brook Watson_.

  Up stood Achilles on his nimble pegs,
  And said, “May I _pree-seume_ to shew my legs?”

    Another by Mr. _Wilberforce_.

  Achilles came forward to snivel and rant;
  His spirit was spleen and his piety cant.

    Another by Mr. _Pitt_.

  Frantic with rage, uprose the fierce Achilles:
  “How comfortably calm!” said Nestor Willis----

    Translation by Sir _John Scott_.

  With metaphysic art his speech he plann’d,
  And said what nobody could understand.

    Another by Mr. _Bastard_.

  The Trojan I oppose, he said, ’tis true,
  But I abuse and hate Atrides too.

    Another by Lord _Fawconberg_.

  Enrag’d Achilles never would agree,
  A “petty vote,” a “menial slave,” was he.

    Another by Mons. Alderman _Le Mesurier_.

  By gar, Achille he say, I make a you
  Parler anoder launguage, _ventre bleu!_

    Another by Lord _Westcote_.

  Pliant and prompt in crane-neck curves to wheel,
  Achilles rose, and _turn’d_ upon his heel.

    Another by Mr. _Wilbraham Beetle_.

  In oily terms he urg’d the chiefs to peace,
  For none was more a friend than he to Grease.

    Another by Lord _Bayham_.

  His conscious hat well lin’d with borrow’d prose,
  The lubber chief in sulky mien arose;
  Elate with pride his long pent silence broke,
  And could he but have _read_, he might have spoke.

    Another by Mr. _Dundas_.

  Up the bra’ chield arose, and weel I wis                 }
  To beath sides booing, begg’d ’em to dismiss             }
  Their wordy warfare in “a general _peece_.”[1]           }

    Another by Mr. _York_.

  This windy war, he swore, he could not hear;
  So eas’d his troubles by “a stream of _air!_[2]”

    Another by Lord _Fawconberg_.

  Achilles swore he felt by no means hurt,
  At putting on great Agamemnon’s shirt;
  He priz’d the honour, never grudg’d the trouble,
  And only wish’d the profit had been double.

    Another by Lord _Winchelsea_.

  With formal mien, and visage most forlorn,
  The courtly hero _spoke_ his _silent_ scorn.

    Another by Lord _Sydney_.

  The chief, unknowing how he shou’d begin,                }
  First darts around, the’ opposing ranks to thin,         }
  The lightnings of his eye, and terrors of his chin.      }

    Another by Mr. _Brandling_.

  Achilles rose, and said, without the least offence,
  The dog has neither courage, worth, nor sense.

    Another by Lord _Belgrave_.

  Huic, ceu Pititius ipse, cito respondit Achilles,
  Namque (ut ego) Græceque seirens erat, & pede velox.

    Another by the _Twelve Lords of the Bedchamber_, in a passion.

  Frantic with desperate rage, Achilles roar’d--
  I beg ten thousand pardons, my dear Lord.

    Another by _Eighteen Bishops_, quite cool.

  Now’t came to pass the Lord Achilles saith,
  Hecate and Furies, Tartarus and Death.

    Another by Lord _Howe_.

  Hawling his wind abaft Atrides’ wake,
  The copper-bottom’d son of Peleus spake.

    Another by Sir _Joseph Mawbey_.

  Had great Achilles stood but half as quiet,
  He had been by Xanthus drench’d as I by Wyatt.

[1] It is impossible for the reader to comprehend the full force of
this expression, unless he recollect the wonderful effects it produced
in the House of Commons from Mr. Dundas’s peculiar dialect, upon that
memorable occasion, when that great _diuretic_ orator, expatiating on
Oriental tranquillity, assured the House, that “at that moment all
India was _peece_--Bengal was at _peece_--Tippo sultan was at
_peece_--The Mahrattas were at _peece_--Every creature in Indostan, he
knew it for a _fawct, was comfortably at peece!!!_”

[2] However sympathetic in politics, it is evident that the two last
of these translators are at variance in philosophy--the former relying
on the _hydraulic_ system---the latter on the _pneumatic_.


Transcriber’s notes:

§ Footnotes and imitations, which were originally placed at the
bottoms of the pages on which they were referenced, have been gathered
at the end of each chapter.

§ The original footnote pointers (asterisks, obelisks, etc.) have been
replaced by Arabic numerals.

§ All ligatures present in the original text have been resolved except
æ and œ.

§ Opening quotes in long quotations have been removed, except on the
first line.

§ Greek sigma-tau and omicron-upsilon ligatures have been split into
their components.

§ All variants of Greek letters have be replaced by their basic form.
This applies to Beta without descender, long Tau, Omega Pi,
open Theta, open Phi.

§ Archaic spelling has been retained. If in doubt, no correction has
been made. For example, the following have not been corrected:

  page : original                      : correction
  308  : babes and suckling’s mouths   : babes and sucklings’ mouths
  327  : And junto’s speak             : And juntos speak
  422  : independant                   : independent

§ Spellings, of which it is assumed that they were not intended by
the authors, have been put right. These corrections were only made
after consulting earlier and/or later editions of the Rolliad.

  page : original                      : correction
   iv  : Delavalid                     : Delavaliad
   36  : feeedom                       : freedom
   84  : AHPION’s lyre                 : AMPHION’s lyre
   84  : postion                       : position
  126  : chip                          : ship
  135  : witticism of of his Grace     : witticism of his Grace
  144  : The’ Athenian sages           : Th’ Athenian sages
  168  : depe n d ants                 : dependants
  171  : sigh of love                  : sight of love
  172  : vi on                         : vision
  179  : chatised                      : chastised
  191  : neu te paeniteat calamo       : nec te paeniteat calamo
  192  : Ex dixit moriens              : Et dixit moriens
  192  : sparsis etiamnunc pellibus    : sparsis etiam nunc pellibus
  200  : St. Sephen                    : St. Stephen
  213  : Ægie                          : Ægle
  229  : pecimens                      : specimens
  229  : Versificators Crononæ         : Versificators Coronæ
  304  : insruct me                    : instruct me
  308  : in worthy strain sbe sung     : in worthy strains be sung
  316  : his mouth his opes            : his mouth he opes
  351  : antistrope                    : antistrophe
  358  : sacred patern                 : sacred pattern
  440  : PRETEYMAN                     : PRETTYMAN
  507  : what the devil has he do      : what the devil has he to do

§ In the content of the original, subsequent odes were listed as
‘Ditto’, and at the start of a new page as ‘Ode’. This was considered
unnecessary in an e-text. On page iv of the contents, ‘Ode’ has
therefore been replaced by ‘Ditto’.

§ In the eclogue on Jekyll every fifth line is numbered. However,
lines 20, 25 and 35 were too long to accommodate these numbers in
the original. Instead, lines 21, 26 and 36 received a number. In
this e-text, the numbering has been put on 20, 25, and 35.

§ Similarly, in the eclogue on Nicholson the line number 105 did not
fit on the line. For that reason, line 106 bears the line number.

§ In the eclogue on Jenkinson, line number 25 is placed on line 26.
This has been corrected in this e-text.

§ The last word on page 349 and the first word on page 350 are both
‘that’. One has been eliminated.

§ The following typographical errors relating to punctuation have been

  page : original                      : correction
  224  : ” “                           : “
  240  : Sir Joseph                    : “Sir Joseph
  442  : will seem true!               : will seem true!”
  443  : by outlying,                  : by outlying.

§ One poem, set in a blackletter script, has been marked like so:


§ One couplet was struck through and has been marked like so:


§ The original uses curly brackets that span over several lines to
indicate repetition. In the e-text each of the repeated lines ends

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Rolliad, in Two Parts - Probationary Odes for the Laureatship & Political Eclogues" ***

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