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Title: Swiss Family Robinson
Author: Wyss, Johann David, 1743-1818
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Swiss Family Robinson" ***

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Swiss Family Robinson, by Johann David Wyss

This edition (c)2000
Pink Tree Press
PO Box 16536
Salt Lake City, Utah 84116
ISBN 1-930860-50-1

from the Editor's Cut imprint of Pink Tree Press,
www.pink-tree-press.com. All Editor's Cut(tm) editions are
free except for handling charges necessary to provide
the book in your preferred format.

This Editor's Cut(tm) edition brings you Johann David Wyss's classic
 as you've never read it before! It is
Volume One of .

The Editor's Cut(tm) imprint always provides the best, up-to-date,
re-edited texts of the most beloved family classics, suitable
for personal reading or homeschool.

This edition (c)2000
Pink Tree Press
PO Box 16536
Salt Lake City, Utah 84116
ISBN 1-930860-50-1


No unabridged edition of  exists in English.
Indeed, the book has been rewritten so many times, by so many
editors, that it can legitimately be said that that no complete
edition of the book exists in  language.

Johann David Wyss, a Swiss pastor, originally wrote this book
to entertain and instruct his four sons. Years later, his son
Johann (or Jean--accounts differ) Rudolf Wyss, by then a professor
of philosophy, persuaded his father to allow him to complete and
edit the unfinished manuscript. It was published in two volumes
in Zurich in 1812-1813.

Its French translator, Mme de Montholieu, obtained permission
to greatly enlarge the book. It was published in five volumes
from 1824 through 1826. The first English edition, abridged,
was published in 1814; it was followed by several other English
translations of varying quality. In 1849 W. H. G. Kingston
re-translated, and greatly abridged, Mme. De Montholieu's
version. Most English versions are based on Kingston's abridged

Despite a vast number of amusing errors in flora and fauna, the
book has entertained, and warmed the hearts of, many generations.
However, most modern editions omit an incredible amount even of
Kingston's translation by making small cuttings here and there,
some of them maddeningly inept. The Editor's Cut edition from
Pink Tree Press has been based on, and compared with, no fewer
than five previous editions, all of them out of copyright. Most,
though not all, of the cuttings have been restored. The material
that continues to be omitted is of little imaginable interest to
anyone other than a scholar of nineteenth century literature.

Paragraphing has been redone in order to facilitate ease of
reading. Some archaic spelling and grammar have been retained,
as they are part of the flavor of the book; they have been changed
where necessary for clarity. The British-style punctuation has
been retained. The lengthy and unnecessary chapter headings have
been omitted. Some parenthetical information is provided, most
often to define words no longer to be found in many English

Anne Wingate, Ph.D.
Pink Tree Press

Chapter 1

For many days we had been tempest-tossed. Six times had the darkness
closed over a wild and terrific scene, and returning light as often
brought but renewed distress, for the raging storm increased in
fury until on the seventh day all hope was lost.

We were driven completely out of our course; no conjecture
could be formed as to our whereabouts. The crew had lost heart,
and were utterly exhausted by incessant labour. The riven masts
had gone by the board, leaks had been sprung in every direction,
and the water, which rushed in, gained upon us rapidly.

Instead of reckless oaths, the seamen now uttered frantic cries to
God for mercy, mingled with strange and often ludicrous vows, to
be performed should deliverance be granted. Every man on board
alternately commended his soul to his Creator, and strove to
bethink himself of some means of saving his life.

My heart sank as I looked round upon my family in the midst of
these horrors. Our four young sons were overpowered by terror.
`Dear children,' said I, `if the Lord will, He can save us even
from this fearful peril; if not, let us calmly yield our lives
into His hand, and think of the joy and blessedness of finding
ourselves for ever and ever united in that happy home above.
Even death is not too bitter, when it does not separate those
who love one another.'

At these words my weeping wife looked bravely up, and, as the
boys clustered round her, she began to cheer and encourage them
with calm and loving words. I rejoiced to see her fortitude,
though my heart was ready to break as I gazed on my dear ones.

We knelt down together, one after another praying with deep
earnestness and emotion. Fritz, in particular, besought help
and deliverance for his dear parents and brothers, as though
quite forgetting himself. Our hearts were soothed by the never-
failing comfort of child-like confiding prayer, and the horrors
of our situation seemed less overwhelming. `Ah,' thought I,
`the Lord will hear our prayer! He will help us.'

Amid the roar of the thundering waves I suddenly heard the cry
of `Land! land!', while at the same instant the ship struck with
a frightful shock, which threw everyone to the deck, and seemed
to threaten her immediate destruction. Dreadful sounds betokened
the breaking up of the ship, and the roaring waters poured in on
all sides.

Then the voice of the captain was heard above the tumult, shouting,
`Lower away the boats! We are lost!'

`Lost!' I exclaimed, and the word went like a dagger to my heart;
but seeing my children's terror renewed, I composed myself,
calling out cheerfully, `Take courage, my boys! We are all above
water yet. There is the land not far off, let us do our best to
reach it. You know God helps those that help themselves! Remain
with your mother, while I go on deck to see what is best to be
done now.' With that, I left them and went on deck.

A wave instantly threw me down; another followed, and then another,
as I contrived to find my footing. The ship was shattered on all
directions, and on one side there was a large hole in the hull.

Forgetting the passengers, the ship's company crowded into the
lifeboats, and the last who entered cut the davit ropes to cast
each boat into the sea.

What was my horror when through the foam and spray I beheld the
last remaining boat leave the ship, the last of the seamen spring
into her and push off, regardless of my cries and entreaties that
we might be allowed to share their slender chance of preserving
their lives. My voice was drowned in the howling of the blast,
and even had the crew wished it, the return of the boat was
impossible, for the waves were mountain-high.

Casting my eyes despairingly around, I became gradually aware
that our position was by no means hopeless, inasmuch as the
stern of the ship containing our cabin was jammed between two
high rocks, and was partly raised from among the breakers which
dashed the fore-part to pieces. As the clouds of mist and rain
drove past, I could make out, through rents in the vaporous
curtain, a line of rocky coast, and, rugged as it was, my heart
bounded towards it as a sign of help in the hour of need.

Yet the sense of our lonely and forsaken condition weighed heavily
upon me as I returned to my family, constraining myself to say
with a smile, `Courage, dear ones! Although our good ship will
never sail more, she is so placed that our cabin will remain
above water, and tomorrow, if the wind and waves abate, I see no
reason why we should not be able to get ashore.'

These few words had an immediate effect on the spirits of my
children, for my family had the habit of trusting in my assurances.
The boys at once regarded our problematical chance of escaping as
a happy certainty, and began to enjoy the relief from the violent
pitching and rolling of the vessel.

My wife, however, perceived my distress and anxiety in spite of
my forced composure, and I made her comprehend our real situation,
greatly fearing the effect of the intelligence on her nerves. Not
for a moment did her courage and trust in Providence forsake her,
and on seeing this, my fortitude revived.

`We must find some food, and take a good supper,' said she, `it
will never do to grow faint by fasting too long. We shall require
our utmost strength tomorrow.'

Night drew on apace, the storm was as fierce as ever, and at
intervals we were startled by crashes announcing further damage
to our unfortunate ship. We thought of the lifeboats, and feared
that all they contained must have sunk under the foaming waves.

`God will help us soon now, won't He, father?' said my youngest

`You silly little thing,' said Fritz, my eldest son, sharply,
`don't you know that we must not settle what God is to do for
us? We must have patience and wait His time.'

`Very well said, had it been said kindly, Fritz, my boy. You too
often speak harshly to your brothers, although you may not mean
to do so.'

A good meal being now ready, my youngsters ate heartily, and
retiring to rest were speedily fast asleep. Fritz, who was of
an age to be aware of the real danger we were in, kept watch
with us. After a long silence, `Father,' said he, `don't you
think we might contrive swimming-belts for mother and the boys?
With those we might all escape to land, for you and I can swim.'

`Your idea is so good,' answered I, `that I shall arrange something
at once, in case of an accident during the night.'

We immediately searched about for what would answer the purpose,
and fortunately got hold of a number of empty flasks and tin
canisters, which we connected two and two together so as to form
floats sufficiently buoyant to support a person in the water, and
my wife and young sons each willingly put one on. I then provided
myself with matches, dry tinder, knives, cord, and other portable
articles, trusting that, should the vessel go to pieces before
daylight, we might gain the shore, not wholly destitute.

Fritz, as well as his brothers, now slept soundly. Throughout the
night my wife and I maintained our prayerful watch, dreading at
every fresh sound some fatal change in the position of the wreck.

At length the faint dawn of day appeared, the long weary night was
over, and with thankful hearts we perceived that the gale had begun
 to moderate; blue sky was seen above us, and the lovely hues of
sunrise adorned the eastern horizon.

I aroused the boys, and we assembled on the remaining portion of
the deck, when they, to their surprise, discovered that no one
else was on board.

`Hallo, papa! What has become of everybody? Are the sailors gone?
Have they taken away the boats? Oh, papa! why did they leave us
behind? What can we do by ourselves!'

`My good children,' I replied, `we must not despair, although we
seem deserted. See how those on whose skill and good faith we
depended have left us cruelly to our fate in the hour of danger.
God will never do so. He has not forsaken us, and we will trust
Him still. Only let us bestir ourselves, and each cheerily do his
best. Who has anything to propose?'

`The sea will soon be calm enough for swimming,' said Fritz.

`And that would be all very fine for you,' exclaimed Ernest, `for
you can swim, but think of mother and the rest of us! Why not
build a raft and all get on shore together?'

`We should find it difficult, I think, to make a raft that would
carry us safe to shore. However, we must contrive something, and
first let each try to procure what will be of most use to us.'

Away we all went to see what was to be found, I myself proceeding
to examine, as of greatest consequence, the supplies of provisions
and fresh water within our reach.

My wife took her youngest son, Franz, to help her to attend to the
unfortunate animals on board, who were in a pitiful plight,
having been neglected for several days.

Fritz hastened to the arms chest, Ernest to look for tools;
and Jack went towards the captain's cabin, the door of which
he no sooner opened, than out sprang two splendid large dogs,
who testified their extreme delight and gratitude by such
tremendous bounds that they knocked their little deliverer
completely head over heels, frightening him nearly out of his

Jack did not long yield either to fear or anger, he presently
recovered himself, the dogs seemed to ask pardon by vehemently
licking his face and hands, and so, seizing the larger by the
ears, he jumped on his back, and, to my great amusement, coolly
rode to meet me as I came up the hatchway.  I could not refrain
from laughing at the sight, and I praised his courage, but warned
him to be cautious and remember that animals of this species might,
in a state of hunger, be dangerous.

When we reassembled in the cabin, we all displayed our treasures.

Fritz brought a couple of guns, shot belt, powder-flasks, and
plenty of bullets.

Ernest produced a cap full of nails, a pair of large scissors,
an axe, and a hammer, while pincers, chisels and augers stuck
out of all his pockets.

Even little Franz* carried a box of no small size, and eagerly
began to show us the `nice sharp little hooks' it contained.
His brothers smiled scornfully.

   * Some editions translate this to Francis,
     apparently to avoid confusion with Fritz.
     I see no reason for the change, and am
     retaining the original spelling. Ed.

`Well, done, Franz!' cried I, `these fish hooks, which you the
youngest have found, may contribute more than anything else in
the ship to save our lives by procuring food for us. Fritz and
Ernest, you have chosen well.'

`Will you praise me too?' said my dear wife. `I have nothing to
show, but I can give you good news. Some useful animals are still
alive: a donkey, two goats, six sheep, a ram, and a cow and a
fine sow both big with young. I was but just in time to save
their lives by taking food to them. The goats I milked, though
I do not know how I shall preserve the milk in this dreadful heat.'

`All these things are excellent indeed,' said I, `but my friend
Jack here has presented me with a couple of huge hungry useless
dogs, who will eat more than any of us.'

`Oh, papa! They will be of use! Why, they will help us to hunt
when we get on shore!'

`No doubt they will, if ever we do get on shore, Jack; but I
must say I don't know how it is to be done.'

`Can't we each get into a big tub, and float there?' returned he.
`I have often sailed splendidly like that, round the pond at home.'

`My child, you have hit on a capital idea,' cried I. `That is
certainly worth trying. Now, Ernest, let me have your tools,
hammers, nails, saws, augers, and all; and then make haste to
collect any tubs you can find!'

We very soon found four large casks, made of sound wood and
strongly bound with iron hoops; they were floating with many
other things in the water in the hold, but we managed to fish
them out, and place them on the lower deck, which was at that
time scarcely above water. They were exactly what I wanted, and
I succeeded in sawing them across the middle. Hard work it was,
and we were glad enough to stop and refresh ourselves with goat's
milk, wine,* and biscuits.

   * Even as late as this book was written, public
     water was likely to be polluted. Children as well
     as adults drank alcoholic beverages, often
     considerably diluted with water, because it had
     been observed that children who did not drink
     plain water were more likely to survive childhood.

My eight tubs now stood ranged in a row near the water's edge,
and I looked at them with great satisfaction; to my surprise,
my wife did not seem to share my pleasure!

`I shall never,' said she, `muster courage to get into one
of these!'

`Do not be too sure of that, dear wife; when you see my contrivance
completed, you will perhaps prefer it to this immovable wreck.'

I next procured a long thin plank on which my tubs could be fixed,
and the two ends of this I bent upwards so as to form a keel.
Other two planks were nailed along the sides of the tubs; they,
also being flexible, were brought to a point at each end, and
all firmly secured and nailed together, producing a kind of
narrow boat, divided into eight compartments, which I had no
doubt would float adequately in calm water. But when we thought
all was ready for the launch, we found, to our dismay, that the
grand contrivance was so heavy and clumsy that even our united
efforts could not move it an inch.

`I must have a lever,' cried I. `Run and fetch the capstan bar!'

Fritz quickly brought one and, having formed rollers by cutting
up a long spar, I raised the forepart of my boat with the bar,
and my sons placed a roller under it.

`How is it, father,' inquired Ernest, `that with that thing you
alone can do more than all of us together?'

I explained, as well as I could in a hurry, the principle of
Archimedes' lever; from which he said he could move the world
if he had a point from which his mechanism might operate, and
promised to have a long talk on the subject of mechanics when
we should be safe on land.

I now made fast a long rope to the stern of our boat, attaching
the other end to a beam; then placing a second and third roller
under it, we once more began to push, this time with success, and
soon our gallant craft was safely launched: so swiftly indeed did
she glide into the water that, if the rope had not been well
secured, she would have passed beyond our reach. The boys wished
to jump in directly; but, alas, she leaned so much on one side
that they could not venture to do so.

Some heavy things being thrown in, however, the boat righted
itself by degrees, and the boys were so delighted that they
struggled which should first leap in to have the fun of sitting
down in the tubs. But it was plain to me at once that something
more was required to make her perfectly safe, so I contrived
outriggers to preserve the balance, by nailing long poles across
at the stem and stern, and fixing at the ends of each empty
brandy cask.

Then, the boat appearing steady, I got in; and turning it towards
the most open side of the wreck, I cut and cleared away
obstructions, so as to leave a free passage for our departure,
and the boys brought oars to be ready for the voyage. This
important undertaking we were forced to postpone until the
next day, as it was by this time far too late to attempt it.

It was not pleasant to have to spend another night in so precarious
a situation; but, yielding to necessity, we sat down to enjoy a
comfortable supper, for during our exciting and incessant work
all day we had taken nothing but an occasional biscuit and a
little wine.

We prepared for rest in a much happier frame of mind than on the
preceding day, but I did not forget the possibility of a renewed
storm, and therefore made every one put on the belts as before.
I persuaded my wife (not without considerable difficulty), to
put on a sailor's dress, assuring her she would find it much
more comfortable and convenient for all she would have to go

She at last consented to do this, and left us for a short time,
reappearing with much embarrassment and many blushes, in a most
becoming suit, which she had found in a midshipman's chest.* We
all admired her costume, and any awkwardness she felt soon
began to pass off; then we retired to our hammocks, where peaceful
sleep prepared us all for the exertions of the coming day.

   * At the time this book was written, women always
     wore long skirts. A woman wearing trousers would
     be considered so shocking that if she were so garbed
     on a public street she would probably be arrested
     for indecency.

We rose up betimes, for sleep weighs lightly on the hopeful as
well as on the anxious. After kneeling together in prayer, `Now
my beloved ones,' said I, `with God's help we are about to effect
our escape. Let the poor animals we must leave behind, be well
fed, and put plenty of fodder within their reach: in a few days
we may be able to return, and save them likewise. After that,
collect everything you can think of which may be of use to us.'

The boys joyfully obeyed me; and I selected, from the large
quantity of stores they got together, canvas to make a tent,
a chest of carpenter's tools, guns, pistols, powder, shot,
and bullets, rods and fishing tackle, an iron pot, a case of
portable soup and another of biscuit. These useful articles of
course took the place of the ballast I had hastily thrown in
the day before; even so, the boys had brought so many things
that we were obliged to leave some of them for a future trip.

With a hearty prayer for God's blessing, we now began to take
our seats, each in his tub. Just then we heard the cocks begin
to crow and the chickens to cackle, as though to reproach us
for deserting them.

`Why should not the fowls go with us!' exclaimed I. `If we find
no food for them, they can be food for us!' Ten hens and a couple
of cocks were accordingly placed in one of the tubs, and secured
with some wire-netting over them.

The ducks and geese were set at liberty, and took to the water at
once, while the pigeons, rejoicing to find themselves on the wing,
swiftly made for the shore. My wife, who managed all this for me,
kept us waiting for her some little time, and came at last with a
bag as big as a pillow in her arms. `This is my contribution,'
said she, throwing the bag to little Franz, to be, as I thought,
a cushion for him to sit upon, or to protect himself from being
tossed from side to side.

All being ready, we cast off, and moved away from the wreck. My
good, brave wife sat in the first compartment of the boat; next
her was Franz, a sweet-tempered, affectionate little boy, nearly
six years old. Then came Fritz, a handsome, spirited young fellow
of fourteen; the two centre tubs contained the valuable cargo;
then came our bold, thoughtless Jack, ten years old; next him
twelve-year-old Ernest, my second son, intelligent, well-informed,
and rather indolent. I myself, the anxious, loving father, stood
in the stern, endeavouring to guide the raft with its precious
burden to a safe landing-place.

The elder boys took the oars; everyone wore a float belt, and
had something useful close to him in case of being thrown into
the water.

The tide was flowing, which was a great help to the young oarsmen.
We emerged from the wreck and glided into the open sea. All eyes
were strained to get a full view of the land, and the boys pulled
with a will; but for some time we made no progress, as the boat
kept turning round and round, until I hit upon the right way to
steer it, after which we merrily made for the shore.

We had left the two dogs, Turk and Juno, on the wreck, as being
both large mastiffs we did not care to have their additional
weight on board our craft; but when they saw us apparently
deserting them, they set up a piteous howl, and sprang into
the sea. I was sorry to see this, for the distance to the land
was so great that I scarcely expected them to be able to
accomplish it. They followed us, however, and, occasionally
resting their fore-paws on the outriggers, kept up with us well.
Jack was inclined to deny them this their only chance of safety.

`Stop,' said I, `that would be unkind as well as foolish; remember,
the merciful man regardeth the life of his beast. God has given
the dog to man to be his faithful companion and friend.'

Our passage, though tedious, was safe; but the nearer we approached
the shore the less inviting it appeared; the barren rocks seemed
to threaten us with misery and want.

Many casks, boxes and bales of goods floated on the water around
us. Fritz and I managed to secure a couple of hogsheads, so as
to tow them alongside. With the prospect of famine before us, it
was desirable to lay hold of anything likely to contain provisions.

By-and-by we began to perceive that, between and beyond the
cliffs, green grass and trees were discernible. Fritz could
distinguish many tall palms, and Ernest hoped they would prove
to be cocoanut trees, and enjoyed the thoughts of drinking the
refreshing milk.

`I am very sorry I never thought of bringing away the captain's
telescope,' said I.

`Oh, look here, father!' cried Jack, drawing a little spy-glass
joyfully out of his pocket.

By means of this glass, I made out that at some distance to the
left the coast was much more inviting; a strong current however
carried us directly towards the frowning rocks, but I presently
observed an opening, where a stream flowed into the sea, and saw
that our geese and ducks were swimming towards this place. I
steered after them into the creek, and we found ourselves in a
small bay or inlet where the water was perfectly smooth and of
moderate depth. The ground sloped gently upwards from the low
banks to the cliffs which here retired inland, leaving a small
plain, on which it was easy for us to land. Everyone sprang
gladly out of the boat but little Franz, who, lying packed in
his tub like a potted shrimp, had to be lifted out by his mother.

The dogs had scrambled on shore before us; they received us with
loud barking and the wildest demonstrations of delight. The
chickens, geese and ducks kept up an incessant din, added to
which was the screaming and croaking of flamingoes and penguins,
whose dominion we were invading. The noise was deafening, but far
from unwelcome to me, as I thought of the good dinners the birds
might furnish.

As soon as we could gather our children around us on dry land,
we knelt to offer thanks and praise for our merciful escape, and
with full hearts we commended ourselves to God's good keeping
for the time to come. All hands then briskly fell to the work
of unloading, and, oh, how rich we felt ourselves as we did so!

The poultry we left at liberty to forage for themselves, and
set about finding a suitable place to erect a tent in which to
pass the night. This we speedily did; thrusting a long spar
into a hole in the rock, and supporting the other end by a pole
firmly planted in the ground, we formed a framework over which
we stretched the sailcloth we had brought; besides fastening
this down with pegs, we placed our heavy chests and boxes on
the border of the canvas, and arranged hooks so as to be able
to close up the entrance during the night.

When this was accomplished, the boys ran to collect moss and
grass, to spread in the tent for our beds, while I arranged a
fireplace, surrounded by large flat stones, near the brook which
flowed close by. Dry twigs and seaweed were soon in a blaze on
the hearth, I filled the iron pot with water, and after I gave
my wife several cakes of the portable soup, she established
herself as our cook, with little Franz to help her.

He, thinking his mother was melting some glue for carpentry,
was eager to know `what papa was going to make next?'

`This is to be soup for your dinner, my child. Do you think
these cakes look like glue?'

`Yes, indeed I do!' replied Franz, `And I should not much like
to taste glue soup! Don't you want some beef or mutton, Mamma?'

`Where can I get it, dear?' said she, `we are a long way from a
butcher's shop! But these cakes are made of the juice of good
meat, boiled till it becomes a strong stiff jelly--people take
them when they go to sea, because on a long voyage they can only
have salt meat, which will not make nice soup.'

Fritz, leaving a loaded gun with me, took another himself,* and
went along the rough coast to see what lay beyond the stream; this
fatiguing sort of walk not suiting Ernest's fancy, he sauntered
down to the beach, and Jack scrambled among the rocks searching
for shellfish.

   * Even today all adult male Swiss are required by law
     to possess, and know how and when to use, firearms.
     A father who did not teach his sons these things, as
     well as firearms safety, would be very neglectful.

I was anxious to land the two casks which were floating alongside
our boat, but on attempting to do so, I found that I could not
get them up the bank on which we had landed, and was therefore
obliged to look for a more convenient spot. As I did so, I was
startled by hearing Jack shouting for help, as though in great
danger. He was at some distance, and I hurried towards him with
a hatchet in my hand.

The little fellow stood screaming in a deep pool, and as I
approached, I saw that a huge lobster had caught his leg in its
powerful claw. Poor Jack was in a terrible fright; kick as he
would, his enemy still clung on. I waded into the water, and
seizing the lobster firmly by the back, managed to make it
loosen its hold, and we brought it safe to land.

Jack, having speedily recovered his spirits, and anxious to take
such a prize to his mother, caught the lobster in both hands, but
instantly received such a severe blow from its tail, that he flung
it down, and passionately hit the creature with a large stone.

This display of temper vexed me. `You are acting in a very childish
way, my son,' said I. `Never strike an enemy in a revengeful
spirit, or when the enemy is unable to defend itself. The lobster,
it is true, gave you a bite, but then you, on your part, intend
to eat the lobster. So the game is at least equal. Next time,
be both more prudent and more merciful.'

Once more lifting the lobster, Jack ran triumphantly towards
the tent. `Mother, mother! A lobster! A lobster, Ernest! Look
here, Franz! Mind, he'll bite you! Where's Fritz?' All came
crowding round Jack and his prize, wondering at its unusual
size, and Ernest wanted his mother to make lobster soup directly,
by adding it to what she was now boiling.

She, however, begged to decline making any such experiment, and
said she preferred cooking one dish at a time. Having remarked
that the scene of Jack's adventure afforded a convenient place
for getting my casks on shore, I returned thither and succeeded
in drawing them up on the beach, where I set them on end, and
for the present left them.

On my return I resumed the subject of Jack's lobster, and told
him he should have the offending claw all to himself when it was
ready to be eaten, congratulating him on being the first to
discover anything useful.

`As to that,' said Ernest, `I found something very good to eat,
as well as Jack, only I could not get at them without wetting
my feet.'

`Pooh!' cried Jack, `I know what he saw--nothing but some nasty
mussels--I saw them too. Who wants to eat trash like that!
Lobster for me!'

`I believe them to be oysters, not mussels,' returned Ernest
calmly. "They were stuck to the rocks, so I am sure they are

`Be good enough, my philosophical young friend, to fetch a few
specimens of these oysters in time for our next meal,' said I.
`We must all exert ourselves, Ernest, for the common good, and
pray never let me hear you object to wetting your feet. See how
quickly the sun has dried Jack and me.'

`I can bring some salt at the same time,' said Ernest, `I remarked
a good deal lying in the crevices of the rocks; it tasted very
pure and good, and I concluded it was produced by the evaporation
of sea water in the sun.'

`Extremely probable, learned sir,' cried I, `but if you had brought
a bag full of this good salt instead of merely speculating so
profoundly on the subject, it would have been more to the purpose.
Run and fetch some directly.'

It proved to be salt sure enough, although so impure that it
seemed useless, till my wife dissolved and strained it, when
it became fit to put in the soup.

`Why not use the sea-water itself?' asked Jack.

`Because,' said Ernest, `it is not only salt, but bitter too.
Just try it.'

`Now,' said my wife, tasting the soup with the stick with which
she had been stirring it, `dinner is ready, but where can Fritz
be?' she continued, a little anxiously. `And how are we to eat
our soup when he does come?' she continued. `We have neither
plates nor spoons. Why did we not remember to bring some from
the ship?'

"Because, my dear, one cannot think of everything at once. We
shall be fortunate if we do not find even more things we have

"But we can scarcely lift the boiling pot to our mouths," she said.

I was forced to agree. We all looked upon the pot with perplexity,
rather like the fox in the fable, to whom the stork served up a
dinner in a jug with a long neck. Silence was at length broken,
when all of us burst into hearty laughter at our own folly in
not remembering that spoons and forks were things of absolute

`Oh, for a few cocoanut shells!' sighed Ernest.

`Oh, for half a dozen plates and as many silver spoons!' rejoined
I, smiling.

`Really though, oyster-shells would do,' said he, after a
moment's thought.

`True, that is an idea worth having! Off with you, my boys, get
the oysters and clean out a few shells. And none of you must
complain because the spoons have no handles, and we grease our
fingers a little in baling the soup out.'

Jack was away and up to his knees in the water in a moment
detaching the oysters. Ernest followed more leisurely, and still
unwilling to wet his feet, stood by the margin of the pool and
gathered in his handkerchief the oysters his brother threw him;
as he thus stood he picked up and pocketed a large mussel shell
for his own use. As they returned with a good supply we heard a
shout from Fritz in the distance; we returned it joyfully, and
he presently appeared before us, his hands behind his back, and
a look of disappointment upon his countenance.

`Unsuccessful!' said he.

`Really!' I replied. `Never mind, my boy, better luck next time.'

`Oh, Fritz!' exclaimed his brothers who had looked behind him.
`A sucking-pig, a little sucking-pig. Where did you get it? How
did you shoot it? Do let us see it!'

Fritz then with sparkling eyes exhibited his prize.

`I am glad to see the result of your prowess, my boy,' said I;
`but I cannot approve of deceit, even as a joke; stick to the
truth in jest and earnest.'

Fritz then told us how he had been to the other side of the stream.
`So different from this,' he said, `it is really a beautiful
country, and the shore, which runs down to the sea in a gentle
slope, is covered with all sorts of useful things from the wreck.
Do let us go and collect them. And, father, why should we not
return to the wreck and bring off some of the animals? Just think
of what value the cow would be to us, and what a pity it would be
to lose her. Let us get her on shore, and we will move over the
stream, where she will have good pasturage, and we shall be in
the shade instead of on this desert, and, father, I do wish--'

`Stop, stop, my boy!' cried I. `All will be done in good time.
Tomorrow and the day after will bring work of their own. And tell
me, did you see no traces of our shipmates?'

`Not a sign of them, either on land or sea, living or dead,' he

`But the sucking-pig,' said Jack, `where did you get it?'

`It was one of several,' said Fritz, `which I found on the shore;
along with some very curious little animals that hopped rather
than walked, and every now and then would squat down on their hind
legs and rub their snouts with their forepaws. Had not I been
afraid of losing all, I would have tried to catch one alive,
they seemed so tame. But this was more easily taken.'

Meanwhile, Ernest had been carefully examining the animal
in question.

`This is no pig,' he said, `and except for its bristly skin,
does not look like one. See, its teeth are not like those of a
pig, but rather those of a squirrel. In fact,' he continued,
looking at Fritz, `your sucking-pig is an agouti.'

`Dear me,' said Fritz, `listen to the great professor lecturing!
He is going to prove that a pig is not a pig!'

`You need not be so quick to laugh at your brother,' said I, in
my turn, `he is quite right. I, too, know the agouti by descriptions
and pictures, and there is little doubt that this is a specimen.
The little animal makes its nest under the roots of trees, and
lives upon fruit. Its meat is white but dry, having no fat, and never
entirely loses a certain wild flavour, which is disagreeable
to Europeans. It is held in great esteem by the natives where
it lives, especially when the animal has been feeding near the
sea on plants impregnated with salt. But, Ernest, the agouti
not only looks something like a pig, but most decidedly grunts
like a porker.'

While we were thus talking, Jack had been vainly endeavouring to
open an oyster with his large knife. `Here is a simpler way,' said
I, placing an oyster on the fire; it immediately opened.

`Now,' I continued, `who will try this delicacy?' All at first
hesitated to partake of them, so unattractive did they appear.
Jack, however, tightly closing his eyes and making a face as
though about to take medicine, gulped one down. We followed his
example, one after the other, each doing so rather to provide
himself with a spoon than with any hope of cultivating a taste
for oysters.

Our spoons were now ready, and gathering round the pot we dipped
them in, not, however, without sundry scalded fingers. Ernest
then drew from his pocket the large shell he had procured for
his own use, and scooping up a good quantity of soup he put it
down to cool, smiling at his own foresight.

`Prudence should be exercised for others, not just for oneself,'
I remarked. `Are you so much better than your brothers? Your cool
soup will do capitally for the dogs, my boy; take it to them, and
then come and eat like the rest of us.'

Ernest winced at this, but silently taking up his shell he placed
it on the ground before the hungry dogs, who lapped up its contents
in a moment; he then returned, and after waiting for the soup to
cool some more, we all went merrily on with our dinner.

While we were thus busily employed, we suddenly discovered that
our dogs, not satisfied with their mouthful of soup, had espied
the agouti, and were rapidly devouring it. The boys all began to
yell, and Fritz first threw a stone at the dogs and then, seizing
his gun, flew to rescue it from their hungry jaws. Before I could
prevent him, he struck one of them with such force that his gun
was bent. The poor beasts ran off howling, followed by a shower of
stones from Fritz, who shouted and yelled at them so fiercely,
that if I had not interfered, it was probable he would have
killed them.

I followed him, and as soon as he would listen to me, represented
to him how despicable as well as wicked was such an outbreak of
temper. `For,' said I, `you have hurt, if not actually wounded,
the dogs; you have distressed and frightened your mother, and
you have spoiled your gun, which would have been so useful.'

Though Fritz's passion was easily aroused it never lasted long,
and speedily recovering himself, immediately he entreated his
mother's pardon, and expressed his sorrow for his fault.

By this time the sun was sinking beneath the horizon, and the
poultry, which had been straying to some little distance, gathered
round us, and began to pick up the crumbs of biscuit which had
fallen during our repast. My wife hereupon drew from her mysterious
bag some handfuls of oats, peas, and other grain, and with them
began to feed the poultry.

She at the same time showed me several other seeds of various
vegetables. `That was indeed thoughtful,' said I, `but pray be
careful of what will be of such value to us; we can bring plenty
of damaged biscuits from the wreck, which though of no use as
food for us, will suit the fowls very well indeed.'

The pigeons now flew up to crevices in the rocks, the fowls
perched themselves on our tent pole, and the ducks and geese
waddled off cackling and quacking to the marshy margin of the
river. We too were ready for repose, and having loaded our guns,
and offered up our prayers to God, thanking him for his many
mercies to us, we commended ourselves to his protecting care,
and as the last ray of light departed, closed our tent and lay
down to rest.

The children remarked the suddenness of nightfall, for indeed
there had been little or no twilight. This convinced me that we
must be not far from the equator, for twilight results from the
refraction of the sun's rays; the more obliquely these rays fall,
the further does the partial light extend, while the more
perpendicularly they strike the earth the longer do they continue
their undiminished force, until when the sun sinks, they totally
disappear, thus producing sudden darkness.

Chapter 2

We should have been badly off without the shelter of our tent,
for the night proved as cold as the day had been hot, but we
managed to sleep comfortably, every one being thoroughly fatigued
by the labours of the day.

The voice of our vigilant cock, which as he loudly saluted the
rising moon, was the last sound I heard at night, roused me at
daybreak, and I then awoke my wife, that in the quiet interval
while yet our children slept, we might take counsel together on
our situation and prospects. It was plain to both of us that in
the first place, we should ascertain if possible the fate of our
late companions, and then examine into the nature and resources
of the country on which we were stranded.

We therefore came to the resolution that, as soon as we had
breakfasted, Fritz and I should start on an expedition with
these objects in view, while my wife remained near our landing-
place with the three younger boys.

`Rouse up, rouse up, my boys,' cried I, awakening the children
cheerfully. `Come and help your mother to get breakfast ready.'

`As to that,' said she, smiling, `we can but set on the pot, and
boil some more soup!'

`Why! You forget Jack's fine lobster!' replied I. `What has become
of it, Jack?'

`It has been safe in this hole in the rock all night, father. You
see, I thought as the dogs seem to like good things, they might
take a fancy to that as well as to the agouti.'

`A very sensible precaution,' remarked I. `I believe even my
heedless Jack will learn wisdom in time. It is well the lobster
is so large, for we shall want to take part with us on our excursion

At the mention of an excursion, the four children were wild with
delight, and, capering around me, clapped their hands for joy.

`Steady there, steady!' said I, `you cannot expect all to go.
Such an expedition as this would be too dangerous and fatiguing
for you younger ones, and this place seems perfectly safe. Fritz
and I will go alone this time, with one of the dogs, leaving the
other to defend you. Fritz, prepare the guns, and tie up Flora
so that she will not follow us.'

At the word `guns' the poor boy blushed shamefully. He tried in
vain to straighten his weapon. I left him alone for a short time,
but at length I gave him leave to take another, perceiving with
pleasure that the vexation had produced a proper feeling in his mind.

A moment later he tried to lay hold of Flora to tie her up, but
the dog, recollecting the blows she had so lately received, began
to snarl and would not go near him. Turk behaved the same, and I
found it necessary to call with my own voice to induce them to
approach us. Fritz then, in tears, entreated some biscuit of his
mother, declaring that he would rather go without the rest of his
breakfast to make his peace with the dogs. He accordingly carried
them some biscuit, stroked and caressed them, and in every motion
seemed to ask their pardon. As of all animals, without excepting
man, the dog is least addicted to revenge, and at the same time
is the most sensible of kind usage, Flora instantly relented and
began to lick the hands which fed her; but Turk, who was of a
more fierce and independent temper, still held off, and seemed
to lack confidence in Fritz's advances.

`Give him a claw of my lobster,' cried Jack, `for I meant to
give it to you anyway, for your journey.'

With that treat, Turk seemed ready to forgive Fritz. We then armed
ourselves, each taking a gun and a game-bag; Fritz, in addition,
sticking a pair of pistols in his belt, and I a small hatchet in
mine; breakfast being over, we stowed away the remainder of the
lobster and some biscuits, with a flask of water, and were ready
for a start.

`Stop!' I exclaimed, `we have still left something very
important undone.'

`Surely not,' said Fritz.

`Yes,' said I, `we have not yet joined in morning prayer. We are
only too ready, amid the cares and pleasures of this life, to
forget the God to whom we owe all things.' Then having commended
ourselves to his protecting care, I took leave of my wife and
children, and bidding them not wander far from the boat and tent,
we parted not without some anxiety on either side, for we knew
not what might assail us in this unknown region.

We now found that the banks of the stream were on both sides so
rocky that we could get down to the water by only one narrow
passage, and there was no corresponding path on the other side.
I was glad to see this, however, for I now knew that my wife
and children were on a comparatively inaccessible spot, the other
side of the tent being protected by steep and precipitous cliffs.

Fritz and I pursued our way up the stream until we reached a point
where the waters fell from a considerable height in a cascade, and
where several large rocks lay half covered by the water; by means
of these we succeeded in crossing the stream in safety. We thus
had the sea on our left, and a long line of rocky heights, here
and there adorned with clumps of trees, stretching away inland
to the right.

We had forced our way scarcely fifty yards through the long rank
grass, which was here partly withered by the sun and much tangled,
when we were much alarmed on hearing behind us a rustling, and on
looking round, we saw the grass waving to and fro, as if some
animal were passing through it. Fritz instantly turned and brought
his gun to his shoulder, ready to fire the moment the beast
should appear.

I was much pleased with my son's coolness and presence of mind,
for it showed me that I might thoroughly rely upon him on any
future occasion when real danger might occur. This time, however,
no savage beast rushed out, but our trusty dog Turk, whom, in
our anxiety at parting, we had forgotten, and who had been sent
after us doubtless by my thoughtful wife. I did not fail to
commend both the bravery and the discretion of my son, in not
yielding to even a rational alarm, and for waiting until he was
sure of the object before he resolved to fire.

From this little incident, however, we saw how dangerous was our
position, and how difficult escape would be should any fierce
beast steal upon us unawares: we therefore hastened to make our
way to the open seashore. Here the scene which presented itself
was indeed delightful. A background of hills, the green waving
grass, the pleasant groups of trees stretching here and there
to the very water's edge, formed a lovely prospect.

On the smooth sand we searched carefully for any trace of our
hapless companions, but not the mark of a footstep could we find.
`Shall I fire a shot or two?' said Fritz. `That would bring our
companions, if they are within hearing.'

`It would indeed,' I replied, `or any savages that may be here.
No, no; let us search diligently, but as quietly as possible.'

`But why, father, should we trouble ourselves about them at all?
They left us to shift for ourselves, and I for one don't care to
set eyes on them again.'

`You are wrong, my boy,' said I. `In the first place, we should
not return evil for evil; then, again, they might be of great
assistance to us in building a house of some sort; and lastly,
you must remember that they took nothing with them from the
vessel, and may be perishing of hunger.'

`But father, while we are wandering here and losing our time
almost without a hope of benefit to them, why should we not
instead return to the vessel and save the animals on board?'

`When a variety of duties present themselves for our choice,
we should always give the preference to that which can confer
the most solid advantage,' I replied. `The saving of the life
of a man is a more exalted action than contributing to the
comfort of a few quadrupeds, whom we have already supplied with
food for a few days. Also, the sea is so calm at present that we
need not fear that the ship will sink or break up entirely before
we can return.'

Thus talking, we pushed on until we came to a pleasant grove
which stretched down to the water's edge; here we halted to
rest, seating ourselves under a large tree, by a rivulet which
murmured and splashed along its pebbly bed into the great
ocean before us.

A thousand gaily plumaged birds flew twittering above us, and
Fritz and I gazed up at them. My son suddenly started up. `A
monkey,' he exclaimed, `I am nearly sure I saw a monkey.'

As he spoke he sprang round to the other side of the tree, and
in doing so stumbled over a small round object which he handed
to me, remarking, as he did so, that it was a round bird's nest,
of which he had often heard.

`You may have done so,' said I, laughing, `but you need not
necessarily conclude that every round hairy thing is a bird's
nest; this, for instance, is not one, but a cocoanut. Do you not
remember reading that a cocoanut is enclosed within a round,
fibrous covering over a hard shell, which again is surrounded
by a bulky green hull? In the one you hold in your hand, the
outer hull has been destroyed by time, which is the reason that
the twisted fibers of the inner covering are so apparent. Let
us now break the shell, and you will see the nut inside.'

Not without difficulty, we split open the nut, but, to our
disgust, found the kernel dry and uneatable.

`Hullo,' cried Fritz, `I always thought a cocoanut was full
of delicious sweet liquid, like almond milk.'

`So it is,' I replied, `when young and fresh, but as it ripens
the milk becomes congealed, and in course of time is solidified
into a kernel. This kernel then dries as you see here, but when
the nut falls on favourable soil, the germ within the kernel
swells until it bursts through the shell, and, taking root, springs
up a new tree.'

`I do not understand,' said Fritz, `how the little germ manages
to get through this great thick shell, which is not like an almond
or hazel-nut shell, that is divided down the middle already.'

`Nature provides for all things,' I answered, taking up the
pieces. `Look here, do you see these three round holes near the
stalk; it is through them that the germ obtains egress. Now let
us find a good nut if we can.'

As cocoanuts must be over-ripe before they fall naturally from
the tree, it was not without difficulty that we obtained one in
which the kernel was not dried up. It was a little oily and
rancid, but this was not the time to be too particular. We were
so refreshed by the fruit that we could defer the repast we
called our dinner* until later in the day, and so spare our stock
of provisions.

    * In this book, 'dinner' refers to the midday meal.

Continuing our way through a thicket, which was so densely
overgrown with lianas that we had to clear a passage with our
hatchets, we again emerged on the seashore beyond, and found an
open view, the forest sweeping inland, while on the space before
us stood at intervals single trees of remarkable appearance.
These at once attracted Fritz's observant eye, and he pointed
to them, exclaiming: `Oh, what absurd-looking trees, father!
See what strange bumps there are on the trunks.'

We approached to examine them, and I recognized them as calabash
trees, the fruit of which grows in this curious way on the stems,
and is a species of gourd, from the hard rind of which bowls,
spoons, and bottles can be made. `The savages,' I remarked, `are
said to form these things most ingeniously, using them to contain
liquids: indeed, they actually cook food in them.'

`Oh, but that is impossible,' returned Fritz. `I am quite sure
this rind would be burnt through directly if it was set on the fire.'

`I did not say it was set on the fire at all. When the gourd has
been divided in two, and the shell or rind emptied of its contents,
it is filled with water, into which the fish, or whatever is to
be cooked, is put; red-hot stones are added until the water boils;
the food becomes fit to eat, and the gourd-rind remains uninjured.'

`That is a very clever plan: very simple too. I daresay I should
have hit on it, if I had tried,' said Fritz.

`The friends of Columbus thought it very easy to make an egg
stand upon its end when he had shown them how to do it. But now
suppose we prepare some of these calabashes, that they may be
ready for use when we take them home.'

Fritz instantly took up one of the gourds, and tried to split it
equally with his knife, but in vain: the blade slipped, and the
calabash was cut jaggedly. `What a nuisance!' said Fritz, flinging
it down, `The thing is spoiled; and yet it seemed so simple to
divide it properly.'

`Stay,' said I, `you are too impatient, those pieces are not
useless. Do you try to fashion from them a spoon or two while
I provide a dish.' I then took from my pocket a piece of string,
which I tied tightly round a gourd, as near one end of it as I
could; then tapping the string with the back of my knife, it
penetrated the outer shell. When this was accomplished, I tied
the string yet tighter; and drawing the ends with all my might,
the gourd fell, divided exactly as I wished.

`That is clever!' cried Fritz. `What in the world put that plan
into your head?'

`It is a plan,' I replied, `which savages adopt, as I have learned
from reading books of travel.'

`Well, it certainly makes a capital soup-tureen, and a soup-plate
too,' said Fritz, examining the gourd. `But supposing you had
wanted to make a bottle, how would you have set to work?'

`It would be an easier operation than this, if possible. All that
is necessary, is to cut a round hole at one end, then to scoop
out the interior, and to drop in several shot or stones; when
these are shaken, any remaining portions of the fruit are detached,
and the gourd is thoroughly cleaned, and the bottle completed.'

`That would not make a very convenient bottle though, father; it
would be more like a barrel.'

`True, my boy; if you want a more shapely vessel, you must take
it in hand when it is younger. To give it a neck, for instance,
you must tie a bandage round the young gourd while it is still
on the tree, and then all will swell but that part which you have
checked.' As I spoke, I filled the gourds with sand, and left
them to dry; marking the spot that we might return for them on
our way back.

`Are the bottle-shaped gourds I have seen in Europe trained

`No, they are of another species, and what you have seen is
their natural shape.'

For three hours or more we pushed forward, keeping a sharp
look-out on either side for any trace of our companions, till we
reached a bold promontory, stretching some way into the sea, from
whose rocky summit I knew that we should obtain a good and
comprehensive view of the surrounding country. With little
difficulty we reached the top, but the most careful survey of
the beautiful landscape failed to show us the slightest sign or
trace of human beings.

Before us stretched a wide and lovely bay, fringed with yellow
sands, either side extending into the distance, and almost lost
to view in two shadowy promontories; enclosed by these two arms
lay a sheet of rippling water, which reflected in its depths the
glorious sun above. The scene inland was no less beautiful; and
yet Fritz and I both felt a shade of loneliness stealing over us
as we gazed on its utter solitude.

`Cheer up, Fritz, my boy,' said I, presently. `Remember that we
chose a settler's life long ago, before we left our own dear
country; we certainly did not expect to be so entirely alone--but
what matters a few people, more or less? With God's help, let us
endeavour to live here contentedly, thankful that we were not cast
upon some bare and inhospitable island. But come, the heat here
is getting unbearable; let us find some shady place before we are
completely broiled away.'

We descended the hill and made for a clump of palm trees, which we
saw at a little distance. To reach this, we had to pass through a
dense thicket of reeds, no pleasant or easy task; for, besides the
difficulty of forcing our way through, I feared at every step that
we might tread on some venomous snake.

Sending Turk in advance, I cut one of the reeds, thinking it would
be a more useful weapon against a reptile than my gun. I had
carried it but a little way, when I noticed a thick juice exuding
from one end. I tasted it, and to my delight, found it sweet and
pleasant. I at once knew that I was standing amongst sugar-canes.

Wishing Fritz to make the same discovery, I advised him to cut a
cane for his defense; he did so, and as he beat the ground before
him, the reed split, and his hand was covered with the juice. He
carefully touched the cane with the tip of his tongue, then,
finding the juice sweet, he did so again with less hesitation;
and a moment afterwards sprang back to me, exclaiming, `Oh, father,
sugar-cane, sugar-cane! Taste it. Oh, how delicious, how
delightful! Do let us take a lot home to mother,' he continued,
sucking eagerly at the cane!

`Gently there,' said I, `take breath a moment, moderation in
all things, remember. Cut some to take home if you like; only
don't take more than you can conveniently carry.'

In spite of my warning, my son cut a dozen or more of the largest
canes, and stripping them of their leaves, carried them under his
arm. We then pushed through the cane-brake, and reached the clump
of palms for which we had been making; as we entered it a troop of
monkeys, who had been disporting themselves on the ground, sprang
up, chattering and grimacing, and before we could clearly
distinguish them, were at the very top of the trees.

Fritz was so provoked by their impertinent gestures that he raised
his gun, and would have shot one of the poor beasts. `Stay,' cried
I, `never take the life of any animal needlessly. A live monkey
up in that tree is of more use to us than a dozen dead ones at
our feet, as I will show you.'

Saying this, I gathered a handful of small stones, and threw them
up towards the apes. The stones did not go near them, but influenced
by their instinctive mania for imitation, they instantly seized
all the cocoanuts within their reach, and sent a perfect hail of
them down upon us.

Fritz was delighted with my stratagem, and rushing forward picked
up some of the finest of the nuts. We drank the milk they contained,
drawing it through the holes which I pierced. The milk of a
cocoanut has not a pleasant flavor, but it is excellent for quenching
thirst. What we liked best was a kind of solid cream which adheres
to their shells, and which we scraped off with our spoons.

After this delicious meal, we thoroughly despised the lobster we
had been carrying, and threw it to Turk, who ate it gratefully;
but far from being satisfied, the poor beast began to gnaw the
ends of the sugar-canes, and to beg for cocoanut. I slung a couple
of the nuts over my shoulder, fastening them together by their
stalks, and Fritz having resumed his burden, we began our homeward

I soon discovered that Fritz found the weight of his canes
considerably more than he expected: he shifted them from shoulder
to shoulder, then for a while carried them under his arm, and
finally stopped short with a sigh. `I had no idea,' he said,
`that a few reeds would be so heavy. How sincerely I pity the
poor negroes who are made to carry heavy loads of them! Yet how
glad I shall be when my mother and brothers are tasting them.'

`Never mind, my boy,' I said, `Patience and courage! Do you not
remember the story of Aesop and his breadbasket, how heavy he
found it when he started, and how light at the end of his journey?
 Let us each take a fresh staff, and then fasten the bundle
crosswise with your gun.'

We did so, and once more stepped forward. Fritz presently noticed
that I from time to time sucked the end of my cane.

`Oh, come,' said he, `that's a capital plan of yours, father,
I'll do that too.'

So saying, he began to suck most vigorously, but not a drop of
the juice could he extract. `How is this?' he asked. `How do you
get the juice out, father?'

`Think a little,' I replied, `you are quite as capable as I am of
finding out the way, even if you do not know the real reason of
your failure.'

`Oh, of course,' said he, `it is like trying to suck marrow from
a marrow bone, without making a hole at the other end.'

`Quite right,' I said, `you form a vacuum in your mouth and the
end of your tube, and expect the air to force down the liquid
from the other end which it cannot possibly enter.'

Fritz was speedily perfect in the accomplishment of sucking
sugar-cane, discovering by experience the necessity for a fresh
cut at each joint or knot in the cane, through which the juice
could not flow; he talked of the pleasure of initiating his
brothers in the art, and of how Ernest would enjoy the cocoanut
milk, with which he had filled his flask.*

   * M. Wyss's acquaintance with sugar has not extended
     to the sugar cane. The sap does not flow; it is
     embedded in the very fibrous pulp, and the cane
     must be crushed, and its juice cooked and repeatedly
     refined, to make the sugar. People enjoying the
     cane in its natural state must chew the pulp,
     which is not particularly sweet.

`My dear boy,' said I, `you need not have added that to your load;
the chances are it will be vinegar by the time we get home. In
the heat of the sun, it will ferment soon after being drawn
from the nut.'

`Vinegar! Oh, that would be a horrid bore! I must look directly,
and see how it is getting on,' cried Fritz, hastily swinging
the flask from his shoulder, and tugging out the cork. With a
loud `pop' the contents came forth, foaming like champagne.

`There now!' said I, laughing as he tasted this new luxury.
`You will have to exercise moderation again, friend Fritz!
I daresay it is delicious, but it will go to your head, if
you venture deep into your flask.'

`My dear father, you cannot think how good it is! Do take some.
Vinegar, indeed! This is like excellent wine.'

We were both invigorated by this unexpected draught, and went on
so merrily after it, that the distance to the place where we had
left our gourd dishes seemed less than we expected. We found
them quite dry, and very light and easy to carry.

Just as we had passed through the grove in which we breakfasted,
Turk suddenly darted away from us, and sprang furiously among a
troop of monkeys, which were gambolling playfully on the turf at
a little distance from the trees. They were taken by surprise
completely, and the dog, now really ravenous from hunger, had
seized one, and was fiercely tearing it to pieces before we could
approach the spot.

His luckless victim was the mother of a tiny little monkey,
which, being on her back when the dog flew at her, had hindered
her flight; the little creature attempted to hide among the
grass, and in trembling fear watched the tragic fate of its

On perceiving Turk's bloodthirsty design, Fritz had eagerly rushed
to the rescue, flinging away all he was carrying, and losing his
hat in his haste. All to no purpose as far as the poor mother ape
was concerned, and a laughable scene ensued, for no sooner did the
young monkey catch sight of him than at one bound it was on his
shoulders, and, holding fast by his thick curly hair, it firmly
kept its seat in spite of all he could do to dislodge it. He
screamed and plunged about as he endeavoured to shake or pull
the creature off, but all in vain, it only clung the closer to
his neck, making the most absurd grimaces.

I laughed so much at this ridiculous scene, that I could scarcely
assist my terrified boy out of his awkward predicament. Indeed, I
told Fritz that the animal, having lost its mother, seemed
determined to adopt Fritz. "Perhaps he has discovered in you
something of the air of a father of a family."

"Or rather," Fritz retorted, "the little rogue has found out that
he has to do with a chicken-heart, who shrinks from the idea of
ill-treating an animal which has thrown itself on his protection.
But father, he is yanking my hair terribly, and I shall be
obliged to you to try once more to get him off."

At last, by coaxing the monkey, offering it a bit of biscuit,
and gradually disentangling its small sinewy paws from the curls
it grasped so tightly, I managed to relieve poor Fritz, who then
looked with interest at the baby ape, no bigger than a kitten,
as it lay in my arms.

`What a jolly little fellow it is!' exclaimed he. `Do let me try
to rear it, father. I daresay cocoanut milk would do until we can
bring the cow and the goats from the wreck. If he lives he might
be useful to us. I believe monkeys instinctively know what fruits
are wholesome and what are poisonous.'

`Well,' said I, `let the little orphan be yours. You bravely and
kindly exerted yourself to save the mother's life, now you must
train her child carefully, for unless you do so its natural
instinct will prove mischievous instead of useful to us.'

Turk was meanwhile devouring with great satisfaction the little
animal's unfortunate mother. Fritz wished to drive him away from
the feast, but I could not grudge it him, and reminded Fritz that
continued hunger might have made Turk dangerous to ourselves. We
did not think it necessary to wait until he had dined, so we
prepared to resume our march, conversing as we walked.

"Let me remind you," I said, "in our situation, it would be
dangerous to teach the dogs not to attack and kill, if they can,
whatever unknown animals they meet. You will see that he will
soon regard your little monkey as a member of our family. But
we must not discourage him from his fancy for attacking wild
beasts. Heaven has bestowed the dog on man to be his safeguard
and ally, and the horse the same. A man on horseback, accompanied
by a troop of well-trained dogs, need not fear any species of
wild beasts, not even the lion nor the hyaena."

Thoughtfully, Fritz replied, "I feel fortunate that we are in the
possession of two such creatures; but what a pity that the horses
on board died during our voyage, and left us with only an ass."

"Let us take care how we treat even our ass with disdain," I told
him. "I wish we had him safe on land. Fortunately he is large and
strong. We may train him to do us the same services as are
performed by the horse; and it is not improbable that he will
improve under our care, given the excellent pasture we will find
 in this climate."

The tiny ape seated itself in the coolest way imaginable on
Fritz's shoulder, I helped to carry his canes, and we were
on some distance before Turk overtook us, looking uncommonly
well pleased, and licking his chops as though recalling the
memory of his feast.

He took no notice of the monkey, but it was very uneasy at
sight of him, and scrambled down into Fritz's arms, which was
so inconvenient to him that he devised a plan to relieve himself
of his burden.

Calling Turk, and seriously enjoining obedience, he seated the
monkey on his back, securing it there with a cord, and then
putting a second string round the dog's neck that he might lead
him, he put a loop of the knot into the comical rider's hand,
saying gravely, `Having slain the parent, Mr. Turk, you will
please to carry the son.'

At first this arrangement mightily displeased them both, but by
and by they yielded to it quietly; the monkey especially amused
us by riding along with the air of a person perfectly at his ease.

`We look just like a couple of mountebanks on their way to a fair
with animals to exhibit,' said I. `What an outcry the children
will make when we appear!'

My son inquired to what species of the monkey tribe I thought
his protege belonged, which led to a good deal of talk on the
subject, and conversation beguiling the way, we found ourselves
ere long on the rocky margin of the stream and close to the rest
of our party.

Juno was the first to be aware of our approach, and gave notice
of it by loud barking, to which Turk replied with such hearty
goodwill, that his little rider, terrified at the noise his
steed was making, slipped from under the cord and fled to his
refuge on Fritz's shoulder, where he regained his composure and
settled himself comfortably.

Turk, who by this time knew where he was, finding himself free,
dashed forward to rejoin his friend, and announce our coming. One
after another our dear ones came running to the opposite bank,
testifying in various ways their delight at our return, and
hastening up on their side of the river, as we on ours, to the
ford at which we had crossed in the morning. We were quickly on
the other side, and, full of joy and affection, our happy party
was once more united.

The boys suddenly perceiving the little animal which was clinging
close to their brother, in alarm at the tumult of voices, shouted
in ecstasy:

`A monkey! A monkey! Oh, how splendid! Where did Fritz find him?
What may we give him to eat? Oh, what a bundle of sticks! Look at
those curious great nuts father has got!'

We could neither check this confused torrent of questions, nor
get in a word in answer to them.

At length when the excitement subsided a little, I was able to
say a few words with a chance of being listened to. `I am truly
thankful to see you all safe and well, and, thank God, our
expedition has been very satisfactory, except that we have
entirely failed to discover any trace of our shipmates.'

`If it be the will of God,' said my wife, `to leave us alone on
this solitary place, let us be content, and rejoice that we are
all together in safety. I have been uneasy since you left, and
imagined a thousand evils that might beset you. The day appeared
an age, but now that I see you once more safe and well, I know
how foolish my fears must seem.

`Now we want to hear all your adventures, and let us relieve you
of your burdens,' added she, taking my game-bag.

Jack shouldered my gun, Ernest took the cocoanuts, and little
Franz carried the gourds, Fritz distributed the sugarcanes amongst
his brothers, and handing Ernest his gun replaced the monkey on
Turk's hack. Ernest soon found the burden with which Fritz had
laden him too heavy to his taste. His mother, perceiving this,
offered to relieve him of part of the load. He willingly gave up
the cocoanuts, but no sooner had he done so than his elder brother

`Hullo, Ernest, you surely do not know what you are parting with;
did you really intend to hand over those good cocoanuts without
so much as tasting them?'

`What? ho! Are they really cocoanuts?' cried Ernest, `I thought
they were bowls! Do let me take them again, mother, do let me
look at them.'

`No, thank you,' replied my wife with a smile. `I have no wish to
see you again overburdened.'

`Oh but I have only to throw away these sticks, which are of no
use, and then I can easily carry them.'

`Worse and worse,' said Fritz, `I have a particular regard for
those heavy useless sticks. Did you ever hear of sugar-canes?'

The words were scarcely out of his mouth when Ernest began to
suck vigorously at the end of the cane with no better result,
however, than Fritz had obtained as we were on the march.

`Here,' said Fritz, `let me show you the trick of it,' and he
speedily set all the youngsters to work extracting the luscious

My wife, as a prudent housekeeper who made much use of sugar,
was no less delighted than the children with this discovery; the
sight of the dishes also pleased her greatly, for she longed to
see us eat once more like civilized beings.

We went into the kitchen and there found preparations for a truly
sumptuous meal. Two forked sticks were planted in the ground on
either side of the fire, on these rested a rod from which hung
several tempting-looking fish, opposite them hung a goose from a
similar contrivance, slowly roasting while the gravy dropped into
a large shell placed beneath it. Franz gave the spit another turn,
assuring me he had been helping all day to keep the meal from
burning. In the centre sat the great pot from which issued the
smell of a most delicious soup. To crown this splendid array,
stood an open hogshead full of Dutch cheeses.

All this was very pleasant to two hungry travellers, but I was
about to beg my wife to spare the poultry until our stock should
have increased, when she, perceiving my thought, quickly relieved
my anxiety. `This is not one of our geese,' she said, `but a wild
bird Ernest killed.'

`Yes,' said Ernest, `it is a penguin, I think, it let me get quite
close, so that I knocked it on the head with a stick. Here are its
head and feet which I preserved to show you; the bill is, you see,
narrow and curved downwards, and the feet are webbed. It had funny
little bits of useless wings, and its eyes looked so solemnly and
sedately at me, that I was almost ashamed to kill it. It seemed
quite destitute of any intelligence, so that I was able to kill
it with a single blow from my stick. Do you not think it must
have been a penguin?'

`I have little doubt on the matter, my boy,' and I was about to
make a few remarks on the habits of this bird, when my wife
interrupted me and begged us to come to dinner and continue our
natural history conversation at some future time. Fritz now
suddenly recollected his delicious wine, and producing his
flask, begged his mother to taste it.

`Try it first yourself,' said I; Fritz did so, and I instantly saw
by his countenance that the liquor had passed through the first
stage of fermentation and had become vinegar.

`Never mind, my boy,' said my prudent wife, when she learned the
cause of his wry faces, `we have wine already but no vinegar; I
am really pleased at the transformation. Mixed with the fat
which has fallen from our bird with roasting, it will make a
most delicious sauce which will be as good a relish as a salad.'

And so it proved, as a corrective of the wild and fishy flavor
of the penguin, as well as improving the taste of the fish. We
did full justice to the appetizing meal prepared for us, our
gourds coming for the first time into use, and having done it
full justice, I produced the cocoanuts by way of dessert.

`Here is better food for your little friend,' said I to Fritz,
who had been vainly endeavouring to persuade the monkey to taste
dainty morsels of the food we had been eating. `The poor little
animal has been accustomed to nothing but its mother's milk; fetch
me a saw, one of you.'

I then, after extracting the milk of the nuts from their natural
holes, carefully cut the shells in half, thus providing several
more useful basins. The monkey was perfectly satisfied with the
milk, and eagerly sucked the corner of a handkerchief dipped in it.

The sun was now rapidly sinking behind the horizon, and the poultry
retiring for the night warned us that we must follow their example.
Having offered up our prayers, we lay down on our beds, the monkey
crouched down between Jack and Fritz, and we were all soon fast

We did not, however, long enjoy this repose; a loud barking from
our dogs, who were on guard outside the tent, awakened us, and
the fluttering and cackling of our poultry warned us that a foe
was approaching. Fritz and I sprang up, and seizing our guns
rushed out. There we found a desperate combat going on, our
gallant dogs, surrounded by a dozen or more large jackals,
were fighting bravely, four of their opponents lay dead, but
the others were in no way deterred by the fate of their comrades.

Fritz and I, however, sent bullets through the heads of a couple
more, and the rest galloped off. Turk and Juno did not intend
that they should escape so cheaply, and pursuing them, they
caught, killed, and devoured another of the animals, regardless
of their near relationship. Fritz wished to save one of the jackals
that he might be able to show it to his brothers in the morning;
dragging therefore the one that he had shot near the tent, he
concealed it, and we once more returned to our beds. I told him
that in justice, if Turk and Flora were still hungry, we should
give this last jackal to them. But they, surfeited, curled up to

Soundly and peacefully we slept until cock-crow next morning, when my
wife and I awoke. I observed to her that I could not but view with
alarm the many cares and exertions to be made. `In the first place, a
journey to the vessel must be made. This is of absolute necessity, at
least, if we would not be deprived of the livestock and other useful
things, all of which from moment to moment we risk losing by the first
heavy sea. What ought we first to resolve on? For example, should not
our very first endeavour to be the contriving of a better sort of
habitation and a more secure retreat from wild beasts, as well as a
separate place for our provisions? I own I am at a loss what to begin

`Return to the wreck by all means,' replied my wife, cheerfully.
`Patience, order and perseverance will help us through all our work,
and I agree with you that a visit to the wreck is without doubt our
first duty. Come, let us wake the children, and set to work without

They were soon roused, and Fritz overcoming his drowsiness before the
others, ran out for his jackal; it was cold and stiff from the night
air, and he placed it on its legs before the tent, in a most life-like
attitude, and stood by to watch the effect upon the family.

The dogs were the first to perceive their enemy, and growling, seemed
inclined to dispose of the animal as they had disposed of its brethren
in the night, but Fritz called them off. The noise the dogs made,
however, had the effect of bringing out the younger children, and many
were the exclamations they made at the sight of the strange animal.

`A yellow dog!' cried Franz.

`A wolf!' exclaimed Jack.

`It is a striped fox,' said Ernest.

`Hullo,' said Fritz. `The greatest men may make mistakes. Our
Professor does not know a jackal when he sees one.'

`But really,' continued Ernest, examining the animal, `I think it is a

`Very well, very well,' retorted Fritz, `no doubt you know better than
your father! He thinks it is a jackal.'

`Come boys,' said I, `no more of this quarrelling; you are none of you
very far wrong, for the jackal partakes of the nature of all three,
dog, wolf, and fox.'

The monkey had come out on Jack's shoulder, but no sooner did it catch
sight of the jackal, than it fled precipitately back into the tent, and
hid itself in a heap of moss until nothing was visible but the tip of
its little nose. Jack soothed and comforted the frightened little
animal, and I then summoned them all to prayers, soon after which we
began our breakfast.

So severely had we dealt with our supper the previous night, that we
had little to eat but the biscuits, which were so dry and hard, that,
hungry as we were, we could not swallow much. Fritz and I took some
cheese to help them down, while my wife and younger sons soaked theirs
in water. Ernest roamed down to the shore, and looked about for

Presently he returned with a few whelks. `Ah,' said he, `if we had but
some butter.'

`My good boy,' I replied, `Your perpetual "if, if", quite annoys me; I
would rather eat a bit of cheese with my biscuit at once, than think of
ifs, which bring us so meagre a harvest. Why do you not sit down and
eat cheese like the rest of us?'

`Not while I can get butter,' he said, `see here, father,' and he
pointed to a large cask, `that barrel contains excellent salt butter. I
made a little opening in it with a knife; and see, I got enough to
spread nicely upon this piece of biscuit.'

`Really, Ernest,' I said, `we are indebted to you. I will open the
cask.' So saying, I took a knife and carefully cut a small hole, so
that I could extract the butter without exposing the mass of it to the
effects of the air and heat. Filling a cocoanut shell with the good
Dutch butter, we once more sat down, toasting our biscuits before the
fire and spreading them with butter.

While we were thus employed, I noticed that the two dogs were lying
unusually quietly by my side. I at first attributed this drowsiness to
their large meal during the night, but I soon discovered that it arose
from a different cause; the faithful animals had not escaped unhurt
from their late combat, but had received several deep and painful
wounds, especially about the neck. The dogs began to lick each other on
the places which they could not reach with their own tongues, and my
wife carefully dressed the wounds with butter from which she had
extracted the salt by washing.

`One of the things we must not forget to look for in the vessel,' said
Fritz, `is a spiked collar for each of the dogs, as a protection to
them should they again be called upon to defend themselves and us from
wild beasts.'

`Oh yes,' exclaimed Jack, `but I can make spiked collars, if mother
will give me some help.'

`Try by all means, my little fellow,' said I, `and persuade your
mother to assist you; and now, Fritz,' I continued, `we must be
starting, for you and I are to make a trip to the wreck.'

`That I will, my boy,' she cried, `for I would like to see what new
fancy has come into your head. And all of us must remember that we may
make as many new inventions as we can think of. We cannot better employ
your time, and if you produce something useful, you will be rewarded
with the commendations of all.'

I begged the party who were to remain on shore, to keep together as
much as possible, reminded my younger sons to obey their mother in all
things, and having arranged a set of signals with my wife that we might
exchange communications, asked a blessing on our enterprise. I erected
a signal-post, and while Fritz was making preparations for our
departure, hoisted a strip of sailcloth as a flag; this flag was to
remain hoisted so long as all was well on shore, but should our return
be desired, three shots were to be fired and the flag lowered.

All was now ready, and warning my wife that we might find it necessary
to remain all night on the vessel, we tenderly bade adieu and embarked.
Except our guns and ammunition we were taking nothing, that we might
leave as much space as possible for the stowage of a large cargo.
Fritz, however, had resolved to bring his little monkey, that he might
obtain milk for it as soon as possible.

We had not got far from the shore, when I perceived that a current from
the river set in directly for the vessel, and though my nautical
knowledge was not great, I succeeded in steering the boat into the
favourable stream, which carried us nearly three-fourths of our passage
with little or no trouble to ourselves; then, by dint of hard pulling,
we accomplished the whole distance, and, entering through the breach,
gladly made fast our boat and stepped on board.

Our first care was to see to the animals, who greeted us with
joy--lowing, bellowing, and bleating as we approached--not that the
poor beasts were hungry, for they were all still well supplied with
food, but they were apparently pleased by the mere sight of human
beings. We removed any partly spoiled food and added a fresh supply,
along with fresh water.

Fritz then placed his monkey by one of the goats, and the little
animal immediately sucked the milk with evident relish, chattering and
grinning all the while; the monkey provided for, we refreshed ourselves
with a plentiful meal. `Now,' said I, `we have plenty to do; where
shall we begin?'

`Let us fix a mast and sail to our boat,' answered Fritz, `for the
current which brought us out will not take us back; whereas the fresh
breeze we met would help us immensely had we but a sail.'

Quite startled, I demanded, `What makes you think of this at so
critical a time, when we have so many necessities to attend to?'

`I must confess,' he said, `that I found it very difficult to row for
so long a time, though I assure you I did my best and did not spare my
strength. I noticed that, though the wind blew strong in my face,
towards land, the current continued to carry us out. Now, as the
current will be of no use in our way back, I was thinking that we might
make the wind supply its place. Our boat will be very heavy when we
have loaded it with all the things we mean to take away, and I am
afraid that I shall not be strong enough to row to land.'

`You have reasoned well, my boy,' I replied, `and let us set to work at
once. Even so, we must take care not to overload the boat, as that
might risk our sinking or force us to throw supplies overboard.' I
chose a stout spar to serve as a mast, and having made a hole in a
plank nailed across one of the tubs we, with the help of a rope and a
couple of blocks, stepped it and secured it with stays.

We then discovered a lug-sail, which had belonged to one of the ship's
boats; this we hoisted; and our craft was ready to sail. Fritz begged
me to decorate the mast-head with a red streamer, to give our vessel a
more finished appearance. Smiling at this childish but natural vanity,
I complied with his request. I then contrived a rudder, that I might be
able to steer the boat; for though I knew that an oar would serve the
purpose, it was cumbrous and inconvenient.

While I was thus employed, Fritz examined the shore with his glass, and
soon announced that the flag was flying and all was well.

So much time had now slipped away, that we found we could not return
that night, as I had wished. We signalled our intention of remaining on
board, and then spent the rest of our time in taking out the stones we
had placed in the boat for ballast, and stowed in their place heavy
articles, of value to us.

The ship had sailed for the purpose of supplying a young colony; she
had therefore on board every conceivable article we could desire in our
present situation; our only difficulty indeed was to make a wise
selection. Fritz seemed sanguine that we would be able to return for
more, but of that I was far from certain.

A large quantity of powder and shot we first secured, and as Fritz
considered that we could not have too many weapons, we added three
excellent guns, and a whole armful of swords, daggers and knives. We
remembered that knives and forks and spoons were necessary, we
therefore laid in a large stock of them, and kitchen utensils of all

Exploring the captain's cabin, we discovered a service of silver-plate
and a cellaret of good old wine; we then went over the stores, and
supplied ourselves with potted meats, portable soups, Westphalian hams,
sausages, a bag of maize and wheat, and a quantity of other seeds and
vegetables. I then added a barrel of sulphur for matches, and as much
string, cordage, and sailcloth as I could find.

Fritz reminded me that sleeping on the ground, even with the leaves and
moss the boys had collected, had been both cold and hard, and prevailed
upon me to increase our cargo by some hammocks and blankets.

All this--with nails, tools and agricultural implements--completed our
cargo, and sank our boat so low, that I should have been obliged to
lighten her had not the sea been calm.

Night drew on and a large fire, lighted by those on shore, showed us
that all was well. We replied by hoisting four ship's lanterns, and two
shots announced us that our signal was perceived.

The ship seemed to be in so wretched a condition that the least
tempest, such as might arise unexpectedly during the night, must
complete her destructions. We resigned ourselves to sleeping in our
small boat, which appeared safer than the great vessel. So, with a
heartfelt prayer for the safety of our dear ones on shore, we retired,
and Fritz at all events was soon sound asleep.

For a while I could not sleep, the thought of my wife and
children--alone and unprotected, save by the great dogs--disturbed my
rest. The night at length passed away. At daybreak Fritz and I arose,
and went on deck. I brought the telescope to bear upon the shore, and
with pleasure saw the flag still waving in the morning breeze; while I
kept the glass directed to the land, I saw the door of the tent open,
and my wife appear and look steadfastly towards us.

I at once hoisted a white flag, and in reply, the flag on shore was
thrice dipped. Oh, what a weight seemed lifted from my heart as I saw
the signal!

`Fritz,' I said, `now that I have had a sight of your mother, my next
concern is for the animals on board. Let us endeavour to save the lives
of some of them, at least, and to take them with us.'

`Would it be possible to make a raft,' suggested Fritz, `and get them
all on it and in that way take them to shore?'

`But how could we induce a cow, an ass, and a sow either to get upon a
raft or, when there to remain motionless and quiet? The sheep and goats
one might perhaps find means to remove, they being of a more docile
temper; but for the larger animals, I am at a loss as to how to

`We could tie a long rope around the sow's neck,' Fritz now proposed,
`and throw her without ceremony into the sea. Her immense bulk will be
sure to sustain her above water, and by the rope, we can draw her after
the boat.'

`An excellent idea,' I replied, `but unfortunately it is of no use but
for the pig;* and she is the one I care least about preserving.' In
fact, I had an idea how to proceed, but I desired to allow Fritz to
invent a solution.

   * In fact all of the animals would have been able to float,
     though swimming against the strong current would have been
     difficult. The solution chosen does not address this problem
     at all.

`Well,' said Fritz, `I can think of nothing else, unless indeed we make
them such swimming-belts as you made for the children.'

`Really, my boy, that idea is worth having. I am not joking, indeed,' I
continued, as I saw him smile, `we may get every one of the animals
ashore in that way.'

So saying, I caught a fine sheep, and proceeded to put our plan into
execution. I first fastened a broad piece of linen round its belly, and
to this attached some corks and empty tins; then with Fritz's help, I
flung the animal into the sea--it sank, but a moment afterwards rose
and floated famously.

`Hurrah!' exclaimed Fritz, `we will treat them all like that.' We then
rapidly caught the other animals and provided them one after the other
with a similar contrivance. The cow and ass gave us more trouble than
did the others. For them we required something more buoyant than the
mere cork; we at last found some empty casks and fastened two to each
animal by thongs passed under its belly.

This done, the whole herd were ready to start, and we brought the ass
to one of the ports to be the first to be launched. After some
maneuvering we got him in a convenient position, and then a sudden
heave sent him plunging into the sea. He sank, and then, buoyed up by
the casks, emerged head and back from the water.

The cow, sheep and goats followed him one after the other, and then the
sow alone remained. She seemed, however determined not to leave the
ship; she kicked, struggled and squealed so violently, that I really
thought we should be obliged to abandon her. Indeed, we found it
necessary to put a muzzle on her to prevent her from biting before we
could tie a large piece of cork under her body. At length, after much
trouble, we succeeded in sending her out of the port after the others,
and when once in the water, such was the old lady's energy that she
quickly distanced them, and was the first to reach the shore.

We had fastened to the horns or neck of each animal a cord with a
float attached to the end, and now embarking, we gathered up these
floats, set sail, and steered for shore, drawing our herd after us. I
saw, now, how impossible it would have been for us to have succeeded in
our enterprise without the aid of a sail; the weight of the goods sank
the boat so low in the water that none of our exertions would have
allowed us to row such a distance. But with the sail, we proceeded so
completely to our satisfaction that were able to get some biscuits and
enjoyed a midday meal; then, while Fritz amused himself with his
monkey, I took up my glass and tried to make out how our dear ones on
shore were employing themselves.

As I was thus engaged, a sudden shout from Fritz surprised me. I
glanced up; there stood Fritz with his gun to his shoulder, pointing it
at a huge shark. The monster was making for one of the finest sheep; he
turned on his side to seize his prey; as the white of his belly
appeared Fritz fired. The shot took effect, and our enemy disappeared,
leaving a trace of blood on the calm water.

`Well done, my boy,' I cried, `you will become a crack shot one of
these days; but I trust you will not often have such dangerous game to
shoot.' Fritz's eyes sparkled at his success and my praise, and
reloading his gun, carefully watched the water. But the shark did not
again appear, and borne onwards by the breeze, we quickly neared the
shore. Steering the boat to a convenient landing place, I cast off the
ropes which secured the animals, and let them get ashore as best they

There was no sign of my wife or children when we stepped on land, but a
few moments afterwards they appeared, and with a shout of joy ran
towards us.

We were thankful to be once more united, and after asking and replying
to a few preliminary questions, proceeded to release our herd from
their swimming belts, which, though so useful in the water, were
exceedingly inconvenient on shore. My wife was astonished at the
apparatus. `How clever you are,' said she.

`I am not the inventor,' I replied, `the honour is due to Fritz. He not
only thought of this plan for bringing off the animals, but saved one
at least of them from a most fearful death.' And I then told them how
bravely he had encountered the shark. My wife was delighted with her
son's success, but declared that she would dread our trips to the
vessel more than ever, knowing that such savage fish inhabited the

Fritz, Ernest and I began the work of unloading our craft, while Jack,
seeing that the poor donkey was still encumbered with his
swimming-belt, tried to free him from it. But the donkey would not
stand quiet, and the child's fingers were not strong enough to loosen
the cordage; finally, therefore, he scrambled upon the animal's back,
and urging him on with hand and foot, trotted towards us.

`Come, my boy,' I said, `no one must be idle here, even for a moment;
you will have riding practise enough hereafter; dismount and come and
help us.'

Jack was soon on his feet. `But I have not been idle all day,' he
said, `look here!' and he pointed to a belt round his waist. It was a
broad belt of yellow skin in which he had stuck a couple of pistols and
a knife. `And see,' he added, `what I have made for the dogs. Here,
Juno, Turk,' the dogs came bounding up at his call, and I saw that they
were each supplied with a collar of the same skin, in which were
fastened nails, which bristled round their necks in a most formidable

`Capital, capital! my boy,' said I, `but where did you get your
materials, and who helped you?'

`Except in sewing,' said my wife, `he had little assistance, and as for
the materials, Fritz's jackal supplied us with the skin, and the
needles and thread came out of my wonderful bag. You little think how
many useful things may be had from that same bag; it is woman's duty
and nature, you know, to see after trifles.'

Fritz evidently did not approve of the use to which his jackal's hide
had been devoted, and holding his nose, begged his little brother to
keep at a distance. `Really, Jack,' he said, `you should have cured the
hide before you used it, the smell is disgusting, don't come near me.'

`It's not the hide that smells at all,' retorted Jack, `it is your
nasty jackal itself that you left in the sun.'

`Now, boys,' said I, `no quarrelling here; do you, Jack, help your
brother to drag the carcase to the sea, and if your belt smells after
that you must take it off and dry it better.'

The jackal was dragged off, and we then finished our work of unloading
our boat. When this was accomplished we started for our tent, and
finding there no preparation for supper, I said, `Fritz, let us have a
Westphalian ham.'

`Ernest,' said my wife, smiling, `let us see if we cannot conjure up
some eggs.'

Fritz got out a splendid ham and carried it to his mother
triumphantly, while Ernest set before me a dozen white balls with
parchment-like coverings.

`Turtles' eggs!' said I. `Well done, Ernest, where did you get them?'

`That,' replied my wife, `shall be told in due course when we relate
our adventures; now we will see what they will do towards making a
supper for you; with these and your ham I do not think we shall

Leaving my wife to prepare supper, we returned to the shore and
brought up what of the cargo we had left there; then, having collected
our herd of animals (except for the sow, which ran away, and the ducks
and geese which deserted us for a nearby marshy swamp), we returned to
the tent.

The meal which awaited us was as unlike the first supper we had there
enjoyed as possible. My wife had improvised a table of a board laid on
two casks, on this was spread a white damask tablecloth, on which were
placed knives, forks, spoons and plates for each person. A tureen of
good soup first appeared, followed by a capital omelette, then slices
of the ham; and finally some Dutch cheese, butter and biscuits, with a
bottle of the captain's canary wine, completed the repast.

While we thus regaled ourselves, I related to my wife our adventures,
and then begged she would remember her promise and tell me all that had
happened in my absence.

Chapter 3

`I will spare you a description,' said my wife, `of our first day's
occupations; truth to tell, I spent the time chiefly in anxious thought
and watching your progress and signals. I rose very early this morning,
and with the utmost joy perceiving your signal that all was right,
hastened to reply to it, and then while my sons yet slumbered, I sat
down and began to consider how our position could be improved.

`"For it is perfectly impossible," said I to myself, "to live much
longer where we are now. The sun beats burningly the livelong day on
this bare rocky spot, our only shelter is this poor tent, beneath the
canvas of which the heat is even more oppressive than on the open
shore. Why should not I and my little boys exert ourselves as well as
my husband and Fritz? Why should not we too try to accomplish something

`"If we could but exchange this melancholy and unwholesome abode for
a pleasant shady dwelling-place, we should all improve in health and
spirits. Among those delightful woods and groves where Fritz and his
father saw so many charming things, I feel sure there must be some
little retreat where we could establish ourselves comfortably; there
must be, and I will find it."

`By this time the boys were up, and I observed Jack very quietly and
busily occupied with his knife about the spot where Fritz's jackal lay.
Watching his proceedings, I saw that he had cut two long narrow strips
of the animal's skin, which he cleaned and scraped very carefully, and
then taking a handful of great nails out of his pocket, he stuck them
through the skin points outwards, after which he cut strips of canvas
sailcloth twice as broad as the thongs, doubled them, and laid them on
the raw side of the skin so as to cover the broad flat nail heads.

`At this point of the performance, Master Jack came to me with the
agreeable request that I would kindly stitch the canvas and (moist)
skin together for him. I gave him needles and thread, but could not
think of depriving him of the pleasure of doing it himself.

`However, when I saw how good-humouredly he persevered in the work with
his awkward unskilful fingers, I took pity upon him, and conquering the
disgust I felt, finished lining the skin dog-collars he had so
ingeniously contrived. After this I was called upon to complete in the
same way a fine belt of skin he had made for himself. I advised him to
think of some means by which the skin might be kept from shrinking.

`Ernest, although rather treating Jack's manufacture with ridicule,
proposed a sensible-enough plan, which Jack forthwith put in execution.
He nailed the skin, stretched flat, on a board, and put it in the sun
to dry.

`My scheme of a journey was agreed to joyously by my young companions.
Preparations were instantly set on foot: weapons and provisions
provided: the two elder boys carrying guns, while they gave me charge
of the water flask, and a small hatchet.

`Leaving everything in as good order as we could at the tent, we
proceeded towards the stream, accompanied by the dogs. Turk, who had
accompanied you on your first expedition, seemed immediately to
understand that we wished to pursue the same route, and proudly led the

`As I looked at my two young sons, each with his gun, and considered
how much the safety of the party depended on these little fellows, I
felt grateful to you, dear husband, for having acquainted them in
childhood with the use of firearms.

`Filling our water-jar, we crossed the stream, and went on to the
height from whence, as you described, a lovely prospect is obtained, at
the sight of which a pleasurable sensation of buoyant hope, to which I
had long been a stranger, awoke within my breast.

`A pretty little wood in the distance attracted my notice
particularly, and thither we directed our course. But soon finding it
impossible to force our way through the tall strong grass which grew in
dense luxuriance higher than the children's heads, we turned towards
the open beach on our left, and following it we reached a point much
nearer the little wood, when, quitting the strand, we made towards it.

`We had not entirely escaped the tall grass, however and with the
utmost fatigue and difficulty were struggling through the reeds, when
suddenly a great rushing noise terrified us all dreadfully. A very
large and powerful bird sprang upward on the wing. Both boys attempted
to take aim, but the bird was far away before they were ready to fire.

`"Oh dear, what a pity!" exclaimed Ernest; "now if I had only had my
light gun, and if the bird had not flown quite so fast, I should have
brought him down directly!"

`"Oh yes," said I, "no doubt you would be a capital sportsman if only
your game would always give you time to make ready comfortably."

`"But I had no notion that anything was going to fly up just at our
feet like that," cried he.

`"A good shot," I replied, "must be prepared for surprises: neither
wild birds nor wild beasts will send you notice that they are about to
fly or to run."

`"What sort of bird can it have been?' inquired Jack.

`"Oh, it certainly must have been an eagle," answered little Franz, "it
was so very big!"

`"Just as if every big bird must be an eagle!" replied Ernest, in a
tone of derision.

`"Let's see where he was sitting, at all events!" said I.

`Jack sprang towards the place, and instantly a second bird, rather
larger than the first, rushed upward into the air, with a most
startling noise.

`The boys stood staring upwards, perfectly stupefied, while I laughed
heartily, saying, "Well, you are first-rate sportsmen, to be sure! You
certainly will keep my larder famously well supplied!"

`At this, Ernest coloured up, and looked inclined to cry, while Jack
put on a comical face, pulled off his cap, and with a low bow, called
after the fugitive, "Adieu for the present, sir! I live in hopes of
another meeting!"

`On searching the ground carefully, we discovered a rude sort of nest
made untidily of dry grass. It was empty, although we perceived broken
egg-shells at no great distance, and concluded that the young brood had
escaped among the grass, which, in fact, we could see was waving at a
little distance, as the little birds ran through it.

`"Now look here, Franz," said Ernest, presently, "just consider how
this bird could by any possibility have been an eagle. Eagles never
build on the ground, neither can their young leave the nest and run as
soon as they are out of the egg. That is a peculiarity of the
gallinaceous tribe of birds alone, to which then these must belong. The
species, I think, is indicated by the white belly and dull red colour
of the wing coverts which I observed in these specimens, and I believe
them to be bustards, especially as I noticed in the largest the fine
moustache-like feathers over the beak, peculiar to the Great Bustard."

`"My dear boy!" I said, "your eyes were actively employed, I must
confess, if your fingers were unready with the gun. And after all, it
is just as well, perhaps, that we have not thrown the bustard's family
into mourning."

`Thus chatting, we at length approached my pretty wood. Numbers of
birds fluttered and sang among the high branches, but I did not
encourage the boys in their wish to try to shoot any of the happy
little creatures. We were lost in admiration of the trees of this
grove, and I cannot describe to you how wonderful they are, nor can you
form the least idea of their enormous size without seeing them
yourself. What we had been calling a wood proved to be a group of about
a dozen trees only, and, what was strange, the roots sustained the
massive trunks exalted in the air, forming strong arches, and props and
stays all around each individual stem, which was firmly rooted in the

`I gave Jack some twine, and scrambling up one of the curious open-air
roots, he succeeded in measuring round the trunk itself, and made it
out to be about eighteen yards. I saw no sort of fruit, but the foliage
is thick and abundant, throwing delicious shade on the ground beneath,
which is carpeted with soft green herbage, and entirely free from
thorns, briars, or bushes of any kind. It is the most charming
resting-place that ever was seen, and I and the boys enjoyed our midday
meal immensely in this glorious palace of the woods, so grateful to our
senses after the glare and heat of our journey thither.

`The dogs joined us after a while. They had lingered behind on the
sea-shore, and I was surprised to see them lie down and go comfortably
to sleep without begging for food, as they do usually when we eat.

`The longer we remained in this enchanting place, the more did it
charm my fancy; and if we could but manage to live in some sort of
dwelling up among the branches of those grand, noble trees, I should
feel perfectly safe and happy. It seemed to me absurd to suppose we
should ever find another place half so lovely, so I determined to
search no further, but return to the beach and see if anything from the
wreck had been cast up by the waves, which we could carry away with us.

`Before starting, Jack persuaded me to sit quietly a little longer, and
finish making his belt and the spike-collars for the dogs, for you must
know that the child had actually been carrying the board on which these
were stretched all this time, so that they should get the full benefit
of the sun.

`As they were now quite dry, I completed them easily, and Jack girded
on the belt with great pride, placing his pistols in it, and marching
about in a most self-important style, while Ernest fitted the collars
on the two dogs.

`On reaching the shore, we found it strewed with many articles,
doubtless of value, but all too heavy for us to lift. We rolled some
casks, however, beyond high-water mark, and dragged a chest or two also
higher on the beach; and, while doing so, observed that our dogs were
busy among the rocks. They were carefully watching the crevices and
pools, and every now and then would pounce downwards and seize
something which they swallowed with apparent relish.

`"They are eating crabs," said Jack. "No wonder they have not seemed
hungry lately."

`And, sure enough, they were catching the little green crabs with
which the water abounded. These, however, did not apparently entirely
satisfy them.

`Some time afterwards, just as we were about to turn inland towards the
ford, we noticed that Juno was scraping in the sand, and turning up
some round substances, which she hastily devoured.

`Ernest went to see what these were, and reported in his calm way that
the dog had found turtles' eggs.

`"Oh," cried I, "then let us by all means share in the booty!" Mrs.
Juno, however, did not at all approve of this, and it was with some
difficulty that we drove her aside while we gathered a couple of dozen
of the eggs, stowing them in our provision bags. While thus employed,
we caught sight of a sail which appeared to be merrily approaching the
shore beyond the cliffs. Ernest declared it must be our raft. Little
Franz, always having the fear of savages before his eyes, began to look
frightened, and for a moment I myself was doubtful what to think.

`However, we hastened to the stream; and, crossing it by the
stepping-stones, came in sight of the landing-place, where we joyfully
met you.

`Now I hope you approve of the proceedings of your exploring party, and
that tomorrow you will do me the favour of packing everything up, and
taking us away to live amongst my splendid trees.'

`Aye, little wife,' said I, `so that is your idea of comfort and
security is it! A tree, I do not know how many feet high, on which we
are to perch and roost like the birds? If we had but wings or a
balloon, it would, I own, be a capital plan.'

`Laugh as much as you like,' returned my wife, `my idea is not so
absurd as you make it out. We should be safe up there from jackals'
visits during the night. And I know I have seen at home in Switzerland,
quite a pretty arbour, with a strong floor, up among the branches of a
lime tree, and we went up a staircase to reach it. Why could not we
contrive a place like that, where we could sleep safely at night?'

`I will consider the idea seriously, my wife,' said I, `perhaps
something may come of it, after all! Meantime, as we have finished
supper, and night is coming on, let us commend ourselves to Almighty
protection and retire to rest.'

Beneath the shelter of our tent, we all slept soundly as marmots,
until break of day; when, my wife and I awaking, took counsel together
as to future proceedings.

Referring to the task she had the previous evening proposed for me, I
remarked that to undertake it would involve so many difficulties that
it was highly necessary to look closely into the subject.

`In the first place,' said I, `I am unwilling hastily to quit a spot to
which I am convinced we were providentially led as a landing-place. See
how secure it is; guarded on all sides by these high cliffs, and
accessible only by the narrow passage to the ford, while from this
point it is so easy to reach the ship that the whole of its valuable
cargo is at our disposal. Suppose we decide to stay patiently here for
the present--until, at least, we have brought on shore everything we
possibly can?'

`I agree with you to a certain extent, dear husband,' replied she, `but
you do not know how dreadfully the heat among the rocks tries me. It is
almost intolerable to us who remain here all day while you and Fritz
are away out at sea, or wandering among the shady woods, where cool
fruits refresh, and fair scenes delight you.

`As to the contents of the ship, an immense deal has been cast ashore,
and I would much rather give up all the remainder, and be spared the
painful anxiety it gives me when you even talk of venturing again on
the faithless deep.'

`Well, I must admit that there is much right on your side,' I
continued; `suppose we were to remove to your chosen abode, and make
this rocky fastness our magazine and place of retreat in case of
danger. I could easily render it still more secure, by blasting
portions of the rock with gunpowder. But a bridge must be constructed
in the first place, to enable us to cross bag and baggage.'

`Oh, I shall be parched to death before we can leave this place, if a
bridge has to be made,' cried my wife impatiently. `Why not just take
our things on our backs and wade across as we have done already? The
cow and the donkey could carry a great deal.'

`That they will have to do, in whatever fashion we make the move,' said
I; `but bags and baskets we must have, to put things in, and if you
will turn your attention to providing those, I will set about the
bridge at once. It will be wanted not once, but continually; the stream
will probably swell and be impassable at times, and even as it is, an
accident might happen.'

`Well, well!' cried my wife, `I submit to your opinion; only pray set
about it without delay, for I long to be off. It is an excellent idea
to make a strong place among the cliffs here; the gunpowder especially,
I shall be delighted to see stored here when we go away, for it is
frightfully dangerous to keep so much as we have close to our

`Gunpowder is indeed the most dangerous and at the same time the most
useful thing we have,' said I, `and for both these reasons we must be
especially careful of it. In time I will hollow out a place in the rock
where we can store it safe from either fire or damp.'

By this morning's consultation we had settled the weighty question of
our change of abode, and also chalked out work for the day. When the
children heard of the proposed move their joy was boundless; they began
at once to talk of it as our `journey to the Promised Land', and only
regretted that time must be `wasted', as they said, in bridge-building
before it could be undertaken.

Everyone being impatient for breakfast that work might be begun at
once, the cow and goats were milked, and, having enjoyed a comfortable
meal of biscuit boiled in milk, I prepared to start for the wreck, in
order to obtain planks for the proposed bridge.

Ernest as well as Fritz accompanied me, and we were soon within the
influence of the current, and were carried swiftly out to sea. Fritz
was steering, and we had no sooner passed beyond the islet at the
entrance of the bay, so as to come in sight of its seaward beach, than
we were astonished to see a countless multitude of sea-birds, gulls and
others, which rose like a cloud into the air, disturbed by our
approach, and deafened us by their wild and screaming cries.

Fritz caught up his gun, and would have sent a shot among them had I
permitted it. I was very curious to find out what could be the great
attraction for all this swarm of feathered fowl; and, availing myself
of a fresh breeze from the sea, I set the sail and directed our course
towards the island.

The swelling sail and flying pennant charmed Ernest, while Fritz bent
his keen eyes eagerly towards the sandy shore, where the flocks of
birds were again settling.

Presently he shouted, `Aha, now I see what they are after! They have
got a huge monster of a fish there, and a proper feast they are making!
Let's have a nearer look at it, father!'

We could not take our boat very close in, but we managed to effect a
landing at a short distance from the festive scene; and, securing the
raft by casting a rope round a large stone, we cautiously drew near the
object of interest.

It proved to be a monstrous fish, on whose flesh these multitudes of
birds were ravenously feeding; and it was extraordinary to watch the
ferocity, the envy, the gluttony, and all manner of evil passions,
exhibited among the guests at this banquet.

`There was nothing on this sandy beach when we passed yesterday, I am
certain, father,' said Fritz. `It seems strange to see this creature
stranded here.'

`Why, Fritz!' cried Ernest, `it must be the shark! Your shark, you
know! I believe I can see where you hit him in the head.'

`You are right, I do believe, Ernest,' said I, `though I think your
imagination only can distinguish the gunshot wounds among all the
pecking and tearing of the voracious birds there. Just look, boys, at
those terrific jaws, beneath the strangely projecting snout. See the
rows upon rows of murderous teeth, and thank God we were delivered from
them! Let us try if we can induce these greedy birds to spare us a bit
of the shark's skin; it is extremely rough, and when dry may be used
like a file.'

Ernest drew the ramrod from his gun, and charged so manfully into the
crowd, that striking right and left he speedily killed several, whilst
most of the others took to flight. Fritz detached some broad strips of
skin with his knife, and we returned towards the boat.

Perceiving with satisfaction that the shore was strewn with just the
sort of boards and planks I wanted, I lost no time in collecting them;
and, forming a raft to tow after us, we were in a short time able to
direct our course homeward, without visiting the wreck at all.

As we sailed along, extremely well pleased with our good fortune,
Fritz, by my direction, nailed part of the shark's skin flat on boards
to dry in the sun and the rest on the rounded mast.

`Will that be a good idea, father?' inquired he, `it will be quite bent
and crooked when it hardens.'

`That is just what I want it to be,' said I, `we may happen to find it
useful in that form as well as flat. It would be beautiful shagreen*
with which we could smooth and polish wood.'

    * Rough leather used like sandpaper

`I thought,' remarked Ernest, `that shagreen was made from asses'

`And you thought rightly,' said I. `The best shagreen is prepared in
Turkey, Persia, and Tartary, from the skins of horses and asses. In
these skins, the roughness is produced artificially; while the skin is
newly flayed and still soft, hard grains of corn are spread on the
under surface, and pressed into it as it dries. These grains are
afterward removed, and the roughness imparted to the appearance of the
skin remains indelibly; shagreen is useful in polishing joiners' work,
and it is made in France from the rough skin of a hideous creature
called the angel-fish.'

`Angel-fish!' exclaimed Fritz; `what a name to give to anything
"hideous," father!'

`There are bad angels as well as good ones,' observed Ernest, in his
dry, quiet way; `it is better to leave people to see for themselves
which is meant.'

By this time we were close in shore; and, lowering the sail, we soon
had our craft with the raft in tow, safely moored to the bank.

No one was in sight, not a sound to be heard, so with united voice we
gave a loud cheery halloo, which after a while was answered in shrill
tones, and my wife with her two boys came running from behind the high
rocks between us and the stream, each carrying a small bundle in a
handkerchief, while little Franz held aloft a landing-net.

Our return so soon was quite unexpected, and they anxiously inquired
the reason, which we soon explained; and then the mysterious bundles
were opened, and a great number of fine crawfish displayed; whose
efforts to escape by scuttling away in every direction, directly they
were placed in a heap on the ground, caused immense fun and laughter as
the boys pursued and brought them back, only to find others scrambling
off in a dozen different ways.

`Now, father, have we not done well, today!' cried Jack, `did you ever
see such a splendid crawfish? Oh, there were thousands of them, and I
am sure we have got two hundred here at least. Just look at their

`No doubt you were the discoverer of these fine crabs, eh, Jack?' said

`No! Fancy young Franz being the lucky man!' answered he. `He and I
went towards the stream while mother was busy, just to look for a good
place for the bridge. Franz was picking up pebbles and alabasters, some
because they were so pretty, some to strike sparks with in the dark,
and some he insisted were "gold."

`"Jack! Jack!" cried he presently, "come and see the crabs on Fritz's
jackal!" You know we threw it away there, and to be sure it was
swarming with these creatures. Are you glad we have found them, father?
Will they be good to eat?'

`Very excellent, my boy, and we may be thankful that food for our
wants is thus provided day by day.'

When each party had related the day's adventures, and while my wife was
cooking the crawfish, we went to bring our store of planks to land.
Even this apparently simple operation required thought, and I had to
improvise rope-harness for the cow and the donkey, by which we could
make them drag each board separately from the water's edge to the
margin of the stream.

Jack showed me where he thought the bridge should be, and I certainly
saw no better place, as the banks were at that point tolerably close to
one another, steep, and of about equal height.

`How shall we find out if our planks are long enough to reach across?'
said I. `A surveyor's table would be useful now.'

`What do you say to a ball of string, father?' said Ernest. `Tie one
end to a stone, throw it across, then draw it back, and measure the

Adopting my son's idea, we speedily ascertained the distance across to
be eighteen feet. Then allowing three feet more at each side, I
calculated twenty-four feet as the necessary length of the boards.

The question as to how the planks were to be laid across was a
difficult one. We resolved to discuss it during dinner, to which we
were now summoned. And my wife, as we sat resting, displayed to me her
needlework. With hard labour had she made two large canvas bags for the
ass to carry. Having no suitable needle, she had been obliged to bore
the hole for each stitch with a nail, and gained great praise for her
ingenuity and patience.

Dinner was quickly dispatched, as we were all eager to continue our
engineering work. A scheme had occurred to me for conveying one end of
a plank across the water, and I set about it in this way.

There fortunately were one or two trees close to the stream on either
side; I attached a rope pretty near one end of a beam, and slung it
loosely to the tree beside us; then, fastening a long rope to the other
end, I crossed with it by means of broken rocks and stones, and having
a pulley and block, I soon arranged the rope on a strong limb of the
opposite tree, again returning with the end to our own side.

Now putting my idea to the proof, I brought the ass and the cow, and
fastening this rope to the harness I had previously contrived for them,
I drove them steadily away from the bank. To my great satisfaction, and
the surprise and delight of the boys, the end of the plank which had
been laid alongside the stream began gently to move, rose higher,
turned, and soon projecting over the water continued to advance, until,
having described the segment of a circle, it reached the opposite bank.

I stopped my team, the plank rested on the ground, the bridge was
made! So at least thought Fritz and Jack, who in a moment were lightly
running across the narrow way, shouting joyfully as they sprang to the
other side.

Our work was now comparatively easy. A second and third plank were laid
beside the first; and when these were carefully secured at each end to
the ground and to the trees, we very quickly laid short boards side by
side across the beams, the boys nailing them lightly down as I sawed
them in lengths; and when this was done, our bridge was pronounced

Nothing could exceed the excitement of the children. They danced to and
fro on the wonderful structure, singing, shouting and cutting the
wildest capers. I must confess I heartily sympathized with their
triumphant feelings.

Now that the work was done, we began to feel how much we were
fatigued, and gladly returned to our tent for refreshment and repose.

Next morning, while we breakfasted, I made a little speech to my sons
on the subject of the important move we were about to make, wishing to
impress them with a sense of the absolute necessity of great caution.

`Remember,' said I, `that, although you all begin to feel very much at
your ease here, we are yet complete strangers to a variety of dangers
which may surprise us unawares. I charge you, therefore, to maintain
good order, and keep together on the march. No darting off into
bye-ways, Jack. No lingering behind to philosophize, Ernest. And now
all hands to work.'

The greatest activity instantly prevailed in our camp. Some collected
provisions, others packed kitchen utensils, tools, ropes, and hammocks,
arranging them as burdens for the cow and ass.

My wife pleaded for a seat on the latter for her little Franz, and
assuring me likewise that she could not possibly leave the poultry,
even for a night, nor exist an hour without her magic bag, I agreed to
do my best to please her, without downright cruelty to animals.

Away ran the children to catch the cocks and hens. Great chasing,
fluttering and cackling ensued; but with no success whatever, until my
wife recalled her panting sons, and, scattering some handfuls of grain
within the open tent, soon decoyed the fowls and pigeons into the
enclosure; where, when the curtain was dropped, they were easily
caught, tied together, and placed on the cow.

This amiable and phlegmatic animal had stood calmly chewing the cud,
while package after package was disposed on her broad back, nor did she
now object even to this noisy addition to her load. I placed a couple
of half-hoops over all; and, spreading sailcloth on them, put the fowls
in darkness, and they rapidly became quiet; and the cow, with the
appearance of having a small waggon on her back, was ready to start.

Franz was firmly seated on the ass, amidst bags and bundles of all
sorts and sizes; they rose about him like cushions and pillows, and his
curly head rested on the precious magic bag, which surmounted all the
rest. Having filled the tent with the things we left behind, closing it
carefully, and ranging chests and casks around it, we were finally
ready to be off, each well equipped and in the highest spirits.

Fritz and his mother led the van. Franz (the young cavalier), and the
sober-minded cow followed them closely.

Jack conducted the goats; one of these had also a rider, for Knips the
monkey was seated on his foster-mother, whose patience was sorely tried
by his restlessness and playful tricks.

The sheep were under Ernest's care, and I brought up the rear of this
patriarchal band, while the two dogs kept constantly running backwards
and forwards in the character of aides-de-camp.

`We seem delightfully like those simple and pastoral tribes I have read
of,' said Ernest, as we proceeded, `whose whole lives are spent in
shifting from place to place, without any wish to settle.'

`Yes,' said I. `Among the Arabs, Tartars, and some other Eastern
nations, this mode of life is natural. They for that reason are called

`These tribes are amply provided with camels and horses, and effect
their journeys more quickly and conveniently than we are likely to do
with these deliberate quadrupeds of ours. Whatever you young folks may
think, I suspect your mother and I will be quite satisfied with one
such undertaking. At least I hope she will be contended with the nest
she intends me to build for her up in her wonderful trees.'

With honest pride I introduced my wife to my bridge, and after
receiving from her what I considered well-merited praise for my skill
in its construction, we passed over it in grand procession, reinforced
unexpectedly on the opposite side by the arrival of our cross-grained
old sow. The perverse creature had obstinately resisted our attempts to
bring her with us, but finding herself deserted, had followed of her
own accord, testifying in the most unmistakable manner, by angry grunts
and squeals, her entire disapproval of our proceedings.

I soon found we must, as before, turn down to the sea beach, for not
only did the rank grass impede our progress, but it also tempted the
animals to break away from us, and, but for our watchful dogs, we might
have lost several of them.

On the firm, open sands we were making good way, when to my annoyance,
both our dogs suddenly left us, and springing into the thick cover to
our right, commenced a furious barking, following by howling as if in
fear and violent pain.

Not for a moment doubting that some dangerous animal was at hand, I
hastened to the spot, remarking as I went the characteristic behaviour
of my three older sons.

Fritz cocked his gun and advanced boldly, but with caution. Ernest
looked disconcerted, and drew back, but got ready to fire, while Jack
hurried after Fritz without so much as unslinging his gun from his

Before I could come up with them, I heard Jack shouting excitedly:

`Father! Father! Come quickly! A huge porcupine! A most enormous

Sure enough, the dogs were rushing round and round a porcupine, and
having attempted to seize it, were already severely wounded by its
quills. Each time they came near, the creature, with a rattling noise,
bristled up its spines.

Somewhat to my amusement, while we were looking at the curious defense
this creature was making, little Jack stepped close up to it, with a
pocket pistol in his hand, and shot it dead, making sure of it by a
couple of hearty raps on the head, and then giving way to a burst of
boyish exultation, he called upon us to help to convey his prize to his
mother. This it was not by any means easy to do. Sundry attempts
resulted in bloody fingers, till Jack, taking his pocket-handkerchief,
and fastening one corner round its neck, ran off, dragging it after him
to where his mother awaited us.

`Hullo, mother! Here's a jolly beast, isn't it? I shot it, and it's
good to eat! Father says so! I only wish you had seen how it terrified
the dogs, and heard the rattling and rustling of its spines. Oh, it is
a fearful creature!'

Ernest, examining it carefully, pronounced its incisor teeth, its ears
and feet, to resemble those of the human race, and pointed out the
curious crest of stiff hairs on its head and neck.

`I have read of another species,' said he, `called the tuft-tailed
porcupine, which must be even more curious-looking than this is. It has
short flat quills, and a scaly tail ending in an extraordinary tuft,
like a bunch of narrow strips of parchment. It cannot be such a
disagreeable enemy to encounter as this fellow.'

`Were you not afraid, Jack,' asked I, `lest the porcupine should cast
some of his quills like darts at you?'

`Of course not,' returned he, `I know well enough that is nothing but a

`A fable!' said I, `why look at your mother! She is drawing five or six
spines out of each of the dogs!'

`Ah, those stuck into them when they so fiercely fell upon it in their
attack. Those are the shortest quills, and seem very slightly fixed in
its skin. The long quills bent aside when Juno pressed against them.'

`You are perfectly right, my boy,' said I, `there is no truth in the
old idea of shooting out the spines. But now, shall we leave this
prickly booty of yours, or attempt to take it with us?'

`Oh, please, father, let us take it! Why, it is good to eat!'

Smiling at the child's eagerness, and willing to please him, I made a
somewhat awkward bundle of the porcupine, wrapping it in several folds
of cloth, and added it to the donkey's load.

Our party then resumed the march, which, with little interruption, was
continued steadily, until we came in sight of our future place of

The wonderful appearance of the enormous trees, and the calm beauty of
the spot altogether, fully came up to the enthusiastic description
which had been given to me. And my wife gladly heard me say that if an
abode could be contrived among the branches, it would be the safest and
most charming home in the world.

We hastily unloaded the ass and cow, securing them, as well as the
sheep and goats, by tying their fore-feet loosely together.

The doves and poultry were set at liberty, and we sat down to rest
among the soft herbage while we laid our plans for the night.

Fritz soon left us, but presently two shots were fired, and he
appeared holding a fine tiger-cat by the hind legs, which, with the
intensest delight, he exhibited to each in turn.

`Well done, Fritz!' cried I. `Our cocks and hens would have had an
unfortunate night of it but for this lucky shot of yours. It is to be
hoped he has left no companion near at hand. You must be on the

`How curious it seems,' remarked Ernest, `that God should create
hurtful animals like this.'

`To our feeble and narrow vision many of the ways of the Infinite and
Eternal Mind are incomprehensible,' I replied. `What our limited reason
cannot grasp, let us be content to acknowledge as the workings of
Almighty power and wisdom, and thankfully trust in that "Rock," which,
were it not higher than we, would afford no sense of security to the
immortal soul.

`That animals should prey upon one another is a means of preserving a
due balance in the world of nature. What beautiful and warm furs are
procured by hunters just in those countries where no other covering
would defend the inhabitants from the wintery cold!--As, for instance,
the skins of bears, wolverines, and arctic foxes, wild cats, and many

`The skin of the seal, or sea dog, is also valuable,' said Ernest.

`It is,' I replied, `and in its own element that creature preys on fish
as the dog did on land animals before his race became domesticated by
man. But now, Fritz, tell us how you obtained your prize.'

`Observing that something moved among the branches,' said he, `I went
softly round the tree with my gun, and making sure the creature was a
wild cat I fired and brought it down. It was severely wounded, but,
rising in a fury, it attempted to climb the tree, when I luckily having
a loaded pistol, gave it a quietus. And do tell me, father, what sort
of cat it is.'

`It is a mercy the brute did not fly at your throat instead of
attempting to escape,' said I. `It belongs to a fierce and
blood-thirsty race--that of the ocelots or tiger-cats, natives of the
tropical parts of America. I should say this was a margay, and as it
would have proved a cruel foe, not only of our poultry, but also of our
sheep and goats, I am well pleased that you have rid us of it.'

`May I have the beautiful skin, father? And will you tell me what will
be the best use to make of it?'

`I advise you to skin the animal very carefully, and of the handsome
black and yellow tail, make a hunting-belt for yourself. The paws--let
me see--why, I fancy the paws might be made famous cases for knife,
fork and spoon, and look well hanging from the belt. The skin of the
body you had better preserve until you find some suitable use for it.'

`Oh, father, what a splendid plan!' cried Jack. `Do tell me some good
use for my porcupine.'

`I think its feet may make cases also; at least, you may try. The
quills, I am sure, may be used for packing needles, and for tipping
arrows, and I should try to make defensive armour for the dogs out of
the rest. They may fall in with foes more dangerous than any we have
yet seen.'

`To be sure, father, the very thing!' shouted Jack in high glee. `I
have seen pictures of boar-hunts, in which the dogs were protected by a
sort of leather coat of mail. That will be grand!'

After giving this advice, I got no peace until I had shown my boys how
to act upon it, and in a short time each had his prize fastened up by
the hind legs, and carefully slitting the skin, was stripping it from
the carcase.

Ernest, meanwhile, was fetching large flat stones in order to form a
fire-place, while Franz gathered sticks, as his mother was anxious to
prepare some food.

`What sort of tree do you suppose this to be, father?' inquired
Ernest, seeing me examining that under which we were encamping. `Is not
the leaf something like a walnut?'

`There is a resemblance, but in my opinion these gigantic trees must be
mangroves or wild figs. I have heard their enormous height described,
and also the peculiarity of the arching roots supporting the main trunk
raised above the soil.'

Just then little Franz came up with a large bundle of sticks, and his
mouth full of something he was eating with evident satisfaction.

`Oh, mother!' cried he, `this is so good! So delicious!'

`Greedy little boy!' exclaimed she in a fright. `What have you got
there? Don't swallow it, whatever you do. Very likely it is poisonous!
Spit it all out this minute!' And his anxious mother quickly extracted
from the rosy little mouth the remains of a small fig.

`Where did you find this?' said I.

`There are thousands lying among the grass yonder,' replied the little
boy. `They taste very nice. I thought poison was nasty. Do you think
they will hurt me? The pigeons and the hens are gobbling them up with
all their might and main, papa!'

`I think you have no cause for alarm, dear wife,' I said. `The trees
seem to be the fig-bearing mangrove of the Antilles. But remember,
Franz, you must never eat anything without first showing it to me,
never mind how good it seems.

`If birds and monkeys eat a fruit or vegetable, it is usually safe to
believe it wholesome,' added I, turning to the other boys, who
instantly taking the hint, coaxed Franz to give them the figs he still
had in his pocket, and ran to offer them to Knips, who was closely
watching the skinning of the tiger-cat and porcupine, apparently giving
his opinion on the subject with much chattering and gesticulation.

`Here, Knips, allow me to present you with a fig!' cried Jack, holding
one out to the funny little creature.

Knips took it readily, and after turning it about, and sniffing and
smelling it, he popped it into his mouth, with such a droll grimace of
delight and satisfaction that the boys all laughed and clapped their
hands, crying `Bravo, Knips! You know a good thing when you see it,
don't you, old fellow! Hurrah!'

My wife, with her mind set at rest on the question of the figs, now
continued her preparations for dinner.

The flesh of the margay was given to the dogs, but part of the
porcupine was put on the fire to boil, while we reserved the rest for

I employed myself in contriving needles for my wife's work, by boring
holes at one end of the quills, which I did by means of a red hot nail,
and I soon had a nice packet of various sizes, which pleased her
immensely. I also laid plans for making proper harness for our beasts
of burden, but could not attempt to begin that while so many wants more
pressing demanded attention.

We examined the different trees, and chose one which seemed most
suited to our purpose. The branches spread at a great height above us,
and I made the boys try if it were possible to throw sticks or stones
over one of these, my intention being to construct a rope ladder if we
could once succeed in getting a string across a strong bough.

Finding we could not succeed in that way, I resolved other schemes in
my mind, and meantime went with Jack and Fritz to a small brook close
by, where I showed them how to place the skins to steep and soften in
the water, with stones placed on them to keep them beneath the surface.

When dinner was over, I prepared our night quarters. I first slung our
hammocks from the roots of the tree, which, meeting above us, formed an
arched roof, then covering the whole with sailcloth, we made a
temporary tent, which would at least keep off the night damps and
noxious insects.

Leaving my wife engaged in making a set of harness for the ass and cow,
whose strength I intended to employ the following day in drawing the
beams up to our tree, I walked down with Fritz and Ernest to the beach
to look for wood suitable for building our new abode and also to
discover, if possible, some light rods to form a ladder.

For some time we hunted in vain, nothing but rough driftwood was to be
seen, utterly unfit for our purpose. Ernest at length pointed out a
quantity of bamboos half buried in the sand. These were exactly what I
wanted, and stripping them of their leaves I cut them into lengths of
about five feet each; these I bound in bundles to carry to the tree,
and then began to look about for some slight reeds to serve as arrows.

I presently saw what I required in a copse at a little distance. We
advanced cautiously lest the thicket should contain some wild beast or
venomous serpent. Juno rushed ahead; as she did so a flock of
flamingos, which had been quietly feeding, rose in the air. Fritz
instantly firing brought a couple of the birds to the ground, the rest
of the squadron sailing away in perfect order, their plumage
continually changing, as they flew, from beautiful rose to pure white,
as alternately their snowy wings and rosy breasts were visible.

One of those which fell was perfectly dead, but the other appeared only
slightly wounded in the wing, for it made off across the swampy ground.
I attempted to follow, but soon found that progress was impossible on
the marsh; Juno, however, chased the bird and, seizing it, speedily
brought it to my feet. Fritz and Ernest were delighted at the sight of
our prize.

`What a handsome bird!' exclaimed they. `Is it much hurt? Let us tame
it and let it run about with the fowls.'

`Its plumage is much more brilliant than that of the dead one,'
remarked Fritz.

`Yes,' said Ernest, `this is a full-grown bird, while yours is
younger; it is some years before they reach perfection. See what long
active legs it has, like those of a stork, while with its great webbed
feet it can swim faster than a goose. Earth, air, or water is all the
same to the flamingo, it is equally at home in any one of the three.'

`Well,' said Fritz, `let us take the dead one to mother and get her to
introduce it to the other element and see what it will make of that; if
it is young and tender, as you say, it should make a delicious roast.'

Fritz and Ernest then carried the birds and bamboos to the tree, while
I proceeded to cut my reeds. I chose those which had flowered, knowing
that they were harder, and having cut a sufficient quantity of these, I
selected one or two of the tallest canes I could find to assist me in
measuring the height of the tree. I then bound them together and
returned to my family.

`Do you mean to keep this great hungry bird Fritz has brought?' said my
wife. `It is another mouth to feed, remember, and provisions are still

`Luckily,' I replied, `the flamingo will not eat grain like our
poultry, but will be quite satisfied with insects, fish, and little
crabs, which it will pick up for itself. Pray reassure yourself,
therefore, and let me see to the poor bird's wound.'

So saying, I procured some wine and butter and anointing the wing,
which though hurt was not broken, I bound it up, and then took the bird
to the stream where I fastened it by a long cord to a stake and left it
to shift for itself. In a few days the wound was healed, and the bird,
subdued by kind treatment, became rapidly tame.

While I was thus employed my sons were endeavouring to ascertain the
height of the lowest branch of the tree from the ground. They had
fastened together the long reeds I had brought with them, and were
trying to measure the distance, but in vain; they soon found that were
the rods ten times their length they could not touch the branch.

`Hello, my boys,' I said, when I discovered what they were about,
`that is not the way to set to work. Geometry will simplify the
operation considerably; with its help the altitude of the highest
mountains are ascertained; we may, therefore, easily find the height of
that branch.'

So saying, I measured out a certain distance from the base of the tree
and marked the spot, and then by means of a rod, whose length I knew,
and imaginary lines, I calculated the angle subtended by the trunk of
the tree from the ground to the root of the branch. This done, I was
able to discover the height required, and, to the astonishment of the
younger children, announced that we should henceforth live thirty feet
above the ground. This I wanted to know, that I might construct a
ladder of the necessary length.

Telling Fritz to collect all our cord, and the others to roll all the
twine into a ball, I sat down and taking the reeds, speedily
manufactured half a dozen arrows and feathered them from the dead
flamingo. I then took a strong bamboo, bent it and strung it so as to
form a bow. When the boys saw what I had done they were delighted, and
begged to have the pleasure of firing the first shot.

`No, no!' said I, `I did not make this for mere pleasure, nor is it
even intended as a weapon, the arrows are pointless. Elizabeth,' I
continued to my wife, `can you supply me with a ball of stout thread
from your wonderful bag?'

`Certainly,' replied she, `I think that a ball of thread was the first
thing to enter the bag,' and diving her hand deep in, she drew out the
very thing I wanted.

`Now, boys,' I said, `I am going to fire the first shot,' and I
fastened one end of the thread to one of my arrows and aimed at a
large branch above me. The arrow flew upwards and bore the thread over
the branch and fell at our feet. Thus was the first step in our
undertaking accomplished. Now for the rope ladder!

Fritz had obtained two coils of cord each about forty feet in length;
these we stretched on the ground side by side; then Fritz cut the
bamboos into pieces of two feet for the steps of the ladder, and as he
handed them to me, I passed them through knots which I had prepared in
the ropes, while Jack fixed each end with a nail driven through the
wood. When the ladder was finished, I carried over the bough a rope by
which it might be hauled up. This done, I fixed the lower end of the
ladder firmly to the ground by means of stakes, and all was ready for
an ascent. The boys who had been watching me with intense interest were
each eager to be first.

`Jack shall have the honour,' said I, `as he is the lightest, so up
with you, my boy, and do not break your neck.'

Jack, who was as active as a monkey, sprang up the ladder and quickly
gained the top.

`Three cheers for the nest!' he exclaimed, waving his cap.

`Hurrah, hurrah, hurrah for our jolly nest! What a grand house we will
have up here; come along, Fritz!'

His brother was soon by his side, and with a hammer and nails secured
the ladder yet more securely. I followed with an axe, and took a survey
of the tree. It was admirably suited to our purpose; the branches were
very strong and so closely interwoven that no beams would be required
to form a flooring, but when some of the boughs were lopped and cleared
away, a few planks would be quite sufficient.

I now called for a pulley, which my wife fastened to the cord hanging
beside the ladder, I hauled it up, and finding the boys rather in my
way, told them to go down while I proceeded to fasten the pulley to a
stout branch above me, that we might be able to haul up the beams we
should require the next day. I then made other preparations that there
might be no delay on the morrow, and a bright moon having arisen, I by
its light continued working until I was quite worn out, and then at
length descended.

I reached the ground, but to my surprise found that the two boys were
not there. They had not been seen. A moment afterwards, however, all
anxiety was dispelled, for amongst the topmost boughs I heard their
young voices raised in the evening hymn.

Instead of descending, they had, while I was busy, climbed upwards, and
had been sitting in silent admiration of the moonlight scene, high
above me. They now joined us, and my wife showed me the results of her
labour. She had made two complete sets of harness. I congratulated her
upon her success, and we then sat down to supper.

On a cloth spread out upon the grass were arranged a roast shoulder of
porcupine, a delicious bowl of soup made from a piece of the same
animal, cheese, butter, and biscuits, forming a most tempting repast.
Having done this ample justice, we collected our cattle, and the
pigeons and fowls having retired to roost on the neighbouring trees,
and on the steps of our ladder, we made up a glorious fire to keep off
any prowling wild beasts, and ourselves lay down.

The children, in spite of the novelty of the hammocks, were quickly
asleep. In vain I tried to follow their example; a thousand anxious
thoughts presented themselves, and as quickly as I dispelled them
others rose in their place. The night wore on, and I was still awake;
the fire burned low, and I rose and replenished it with dry fuel. Then
again I climbed into my hammock, and towards morning fell asleep.

Early next morning we were astir, and dispersed to our various
occupations. My wife milked the goats and cow, while we gave the
animals their food, after which we went down to the beach, to collect
more wood for our building operations.

To the larger beams we harnessed the cow and ass, while we ourselves
dragged up the remainder. Fritz and I then ascended the tree, and
finished the preparations I had begun the night before; all useless
boughs we lopped off, leaving a few about six feet from the floor, from
which we might sling our hammocks, and others still higher, to support
a temporary roof of sailcloth.

My wife made fast the planks to a rope passed through the block I had
fixed to the bough above us, and by this means Fritz and I hauled them
up. These we arranged side by side on the foundation of boughs, so as
to form a smooth solid floor, and round this platform built a bulwark
of planks, and then throwing the sailcloth over the higher branches, we
drew it down and firmly nailed it. Our house was thus enclosed on three
sides, for behind the great trunk protected us, while the front was
left open to admit the fresh sea breeze which blew directly in.

We then hauled up our hammocks and bedding and slung them from the
branches we had left for that purpose. A few hours of daylight still
remaining, we cleared the floor from leaves and chips, and then
descended to fashion a table and a few benches from the remainder of
the wood. After working like slaves all day, Fritz and I flung
ourselves on the grass, while my wife arranged supper on the table we
had made.

`Come,' said she at length, `come and taste flamingo stew, and tell me
how you like it. Ernest assured me that it would be much better stewed
than roasted, and I have been following his directions.'

Laughing at the idea of Ernest turning scientific cook we sat down. The
fowls gathered round us to pick up the crumbs, and the tame flamingo
joined them, while Master Knips skipped about from one to the other,
chattering and mimicking our gestures continually.

To my wife's joy, the sow appeared shortly after, and was presented
with all the milk that remained from the day's stock that she might be
persuaded to return every night.

`For,' said my wife, `this surplus milk is really of no use to us, as
it will be sour before the morning in this hot climate.'

`You are quite right,' I replied, `but we must contrive to make it of
use. The next time Fritz and I return to the wreck we will bring off a
churn amongst the other things we require.'

`Must you really go again to that dreadful wreck?' said my wife
shuddering. `You have no idea how anxious I am when you are away

`Go we must, I am afraid,' I replied, `but not for a day or two yet.
Come, it is getting late. We and the chickens must go to roost.'

We lit our watch fires, and, leaving the dogs on guard below, ascended
the ladder. Fritz, Ernest and Jack were up in a moment.

Their mother followed very cautiously, for though she had originated
the idea of building a nest, she yet hesitated to entrust herself at
such a terrific height from the ground. When she was safely landed in
the house, taking little Franz on my back, I let go the fastenings
which secured the lower end of the ladder to the ground, and swinging
to and fro, slowly ascended.

Then for the first time we stood all together in our new home. I drew
up the ladder, and, with a greater sense of security than I had enjoyed
since we landed on the island, offered up our evening prayer, and
retired for the night.

Chapter 4

Next morning all were early awake, and the children sprang about the
tree like young monkeys.

`What shall we begin to do, father?' they cried. `What do you want us
to do, today?'

`Rest, my boys,' I replied, `rest.'

`Rest?' repeated they. `Why should we rest?'

`"Six days shalt thou labour and do all that thou hast to do, but on
the seventh, thou shalt do no manner of work." This is the seventh
day,' I replied, `on it, therefore, let us rest.'

`What, is it really Sunday?' said Jack, `How jolly! Oh, I won't do any
work; but I'll take a bow and arrow and shoot, and we'll climb about
the tree and have fun all day.'

`That is not resting,' said I, `that is not the way you are accustomed
to spend the Lord's day.'

`No! But then we can't go to church here, and there is nothing else to

`We can worship here as well as at home,' said I.

`But there is no church, no clergyman and no organ,' said Franz.

`The leafy shade of this great tree is far more beautiful than any
church,' I said, `there will we worship our Creator. Come, boys, down
with you: turn our dining hall into a breakfast room.'

The children, one by one, slipped down the ladder.

`My dear Elizabeth,' said I, `this morning we will devote to the
service of the Lord, and by means of a parable, I will endeavor to give
the children some serious thought; but, without books, or the
possibility of any of the usual Sunday occupations, we cannot keep them
quiet the whole day; afterward, therefore I shall allow them to pursue
any innocent recreation they choose, and in the cool of the evening we
will take a walk.'

My wife entirely agreed with my proposal, and having breakfasted, the
family assembled round me, as we sat in the pleasant shade on the
fresh, soft grass.

After singing some hymns and offering heartfelt prayers to the
Almighty Giver of all good, I told the children I would relate to them
a parable instead of preaching a sermon.

`Oh, that would be delightful! I like the parables in the Bible better
than anything,' said Franz. `When can we hear you read out of the Bible
again, father?'

`Ah, my little boy, your words reproach me,' returned I. `While
eagerly striving to procure from the ship would feed our bodies and
provide for their comfort, I blush to think that I have neglected the
Bread of Life, the word of God. I shall search for a Bible on my next
return to the wreck: although our own books were nearly all destroyed,
I am pretty sure to find one.'

At these words my wife arose, and fetching her magic bag, she drew from
it a copy of the Holy Scriptures, which I thankfully received from her
hand; and after reading aloud from its sacred pages, I spoke as

`A Great King, ruling in power and splendor over a vast realm of light
and love, possessed within its boundaries a desolate and unfruitful
island. This spot he made the object of his special care; and,
lavishing on it all the varied resources of his might and goodness, it
bloomed in beauty, and became the happy residence of a band of
colonists, who were charged not only with the cultivation and
improvement of the soil, but each, individually, was bound to cherish
in his soul the spirit of love and true allegiance to his Sovereign.

`While this faithful union was maintained, the colony flourished; and
the noblest virtues exalted and rendered happy the existence of every
member of the race.

`That a discontented and rebellious spirit should ever have infected
these fortunate subjects of so loving a master, seems incredible, yet
it was so; disobedience and pride brought misery and punishment, the
fair prospects of the colony were blighted, the labours of the
colonists were unblessed, and total separation from the parent kingdom
seemed inevitable.

`A message of pardon--of free forgiveness--was nevertheless accorded to
these rebels; and to all who, humbly accepting it, molded their future
lives to the will of the Great King (now revealed in a character even
more gracious than before), was held out the promise of removal at last
from among the ruins caused by the great rebellion, to the glory and
undimmed splendor of the realm of Light and Blessedness.'

Having interested the children, I then, leaving allegory, pressed
simply and earnestly home to each young heart the truths I sought to
teach; and, with a short prayer for a blessing on my words, brought the
service to a close.

After a thoughtful pause, we separated, and each employed himself as he
felt disposed.

I took some arrows, and endeavoured to point them with porcupine

Franz came to beg me make a little bow and arrow for him to shoot
with, while Fritz asked my advice about the tiger-cat skin and the
cases he was to contrive from it. Jack assisted with the arrow-making,
and inserting a sharp spine at one end of each reed made it fast with
pack-thread, and began to wish for glue to ensure its remaining firm.

`Oh, Jack! Mamma's soup is as sticky as anything!' cried Franz. `Shall
I run and ask for a cake of it?'

`No, no, little goose! Better look for some real glue in the

`There he will find glue, to be sure,' said I, `and the soup would
scarcely have answered your purpose. But Jack, my boy, I do not like to
hear you ridicule your little brother's idea. Some of the most valuable
discoveries have been the result of thoughts which originally appeared
no wiser than his.'

While thus directing and assisting my sons, we were surprised by
hearing a shot just over heads; at the same moment two small birds fell
dead at our feet, and looking up, we beheld Ernest among the branches,
as bending his face joyfully towards us, he cried, `Well hit! Well hit!
A good shot, wasn't it?'

Then slipping down the ladder, and picking up the birds, he brought
them to me. One was a kind of thrush, the other a small dove called the
ortolan, and esteemed a very great delicacy on account of its exquisite

As the figs on which these birds came to feed were only just beginning
to ripen, it was probable that they would soon flock in numbers to our
trees; and by waiting until we could procure them in large quantities,
we might provide ourselves with valuable food for the rainy season, by
placing them, when half cooked, in casks with melted lard or butter
poured over them.

By this time Jack had pointed a good supply of arrows, and
industriously practised archery. I finished the bow and arrows for
Franz, and expected to be left in peace; but the young man next
demanded a quiver, and I had to invent that also, to complete his
equipment. It was easily done by stripping a piece of bark from a small
tree, fitting a flat side and a bottom to it, and then a string.
Attaching it to his shoulders, the youthful hunter filled it with
arrows and went off; looking, as his mother said, like an innocent
little Cupid, bent on conquest.

Not long after this, we were summoned to dinner, and all right
willingly obeyed the call.

During the meal I interested the boys very much by proposing to decide
on suitable names for the different spots we had visited on this coast.

`For,' said I, `it will become more and more troublesome to explain
what we mean, unless we do so. Besides which, we shall feel much more
at home if we can talk as people do in inhabited countries: instead of
saying, for instance, "the little island at the mouth of our bay, where
we found the dead shark", "the large stream near our tent, across which
we made the bridge", "that wood where we found cocoanuts, and caught
the monkey", and so on. Let us begin by naming the bay in which we
landed. What shall we call it?'

`Oyster Bay,' said Fritz.

`No, no!--Lobster Bay,' cried Jack, `in memory of the old fellow who
took a fancy to my leg!'

`I think,' observed his mother, `that, in token of gratitude for our
escape, we should call it Safety Bay.'

This name met with general approbation, and was forthwith fixed upon.

Other names were quickly chosen. Our first place of abode we called
Tentholm; the islet in the bay, Shark's Island; and the reedy swamp,
Flamingo Marsh. It was some time before the serious question of a name
for our leafy castle could be decided. But finally it was entitled
Falconhurst; and we then rapidly named the few remaining points:
Prospect Hill, the eminence we first ascended; Cape Disappointment,
from whose rocky heights we had strained our eyes in vain search for
our ship's company; and Jackal River, as a name for the large stream at
our landing place, concluded our geographical nomenclature.

In the afternoon the boys went on with their various employments.
Fritz finished his cases, and Jack asked my assistance in carrying out
his plan of making a cuirass for Turk, out of the porcupine skin. After
thoroughly cleansing the inside, we cut and fitted it round the body of
the patient dog; then when strings were sewn on, and it became
tolerably dry, he was armed with this ingenious coat of mail, and a
most singular figure he cut!

Juno strongly objected to his friendly approaches, and got out of his
way so fast as she could; and it was clear that he would easily put to
flight the fiercest animal he might encounter, while protected by
armour at once defensive and offensive. I determined to make also a
helmet for Jack out of the remainder of the skin, which to his infinite
delight I speedily did.

Amid these interesting occupations the evening drew on, and after a
pleasant walk among the sweet glades near our abode, we closed our
Sabbath day with prayer and a glad hymn of praise, retiring to rest
with peaceful hearts.

Next morning, I proposed an expedition to Tentholm, saying I wished to
make my way thither by a different route. We left the tree well armed;
I and my three elder sons each carrying a gun and game-bag, while
little Franz was equipped with his bow and quiver full of arrows. A
most curious party we formed: Fritz adorned with his belt of margay
skin, and Jack, with his extraordinary headdress, looked like a couple
of young savages.

Their mother and I walked together; she, of the whole party, being the
only one unarmed, carried a jar in which to get butter from Tentholm;
we were preceded by the dogs Turk armed most effectually with his
cuirass of porcupine skin, and Juno keeping at a respectful distance
from so formidable a companion.

Master Knips fully intended to mount his charger as usual; but when he
saw him arrayed apparently in a new skin, he approached him carefully,
and touching him with one paw, discovered that such a hide would make
anything but an agreeable seat; the grimace he made was most comical,
and chattering vociferously he bounded towards Juno, skipped on her
back, seated himself, and soon appeared perfectly reconciled to the
change of steed.

The flamingo saw us starting, and, having been much petted during the
last day or two, considered himself entitled to accompany us; for some
time he kept beside the children, following first one and then another
as they explored the wood on either side; their irregular course,
however, at length disgusted him, and, abandoning them, he walked
sedately by my side.

We strolled on in the cool evening air, following the course of the
stream. The boys roamed ahead of me, intent on exploration.

Presently I heard a joyful shout, and saw Ernest running at full speed
towards me, followed by his brothers. In his hand he held a plant, and,
panting for breath, and with sparkling eyes, he held it up to me.

`Potatoes! Potatoes, father,' he gasped out.

`Yes,' said Jack, `acres and acres of potatoes!'

`My dear Ernest,' said I, for there was no mistaking the flower and
leaf, and the light clear-green bulbous roots, `you have indeed made a
discovery; with the potato we shall never starve.'

`But come and look at them,' said Jack, `come and feast your eyes on
thousands of potatoes.'

We hurried to the spot: there, spread out before us, was a great tract
of ground, covered with the precious plant.

`It would have been rather difficult,' remarked Jack, `not to have
discovered such a great field.'

`Very likely,' replied Ernest, smiling, `but I doubt if you would have
discovered that it was a potato field.'

`Perhaps not,' said Jack, `you are quite welcome, at all events, to the
honour of the discovery; I'll have the honour of being the first to get
a supply of them.' So saying, he dug up, with hands and knife, a number
of plants, and filled his game-bag with the roots. The monkey followed
his example, and scratching away with his paws most cleverly, soon had
a heap beside him. So delighted were we with the discovery, and so
eager were we to possess a large supply of the roots, that we stopped
not digging until every bag, pouch and pocket was filled.

Some wished to return at once to Falconhurst, to cook and taste our new
acquisition; but this I overruled, and we continued our march, heavily
laden, but delighted.

`How,' said I, `can we thank the Giver of all these blessings,

`Oh,' said Franz, `we can say, "We thank thee, O Lord, for all thy
goodness and mercy; and bless us for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen."'

`That would not be sufficient,' said Fritz. `Do you think it would be
enough just to say to father and mother: "Thank you for all you do,"
and not to show that we were really thankful, by loving them and doing
what we can to please them?'

`You are quite right, Fritz,' said I; `Franz did not say all that was
necessary, he should have added, "Give me grace to do Thy will, and to
obey Thee in all things."'

As we thus talked, we reached the head of our streamlet, where it fell
from the rocks above in a beautiful, sparkling, splashing cascade. We
crossed and entered the tall grass on the other side.

We forced our way through with difficulty, so thick and tangled were
the reeds. Beyond this, the landscape was most lovely. Rich tropical
vegetation flourished on every side: the tall stately palms, surrounded
by luxuriant ferns; brilliant flowers and graceful creepers; the
prickly cactus, shooting up amidst them; aloe, jasmine and
sweet-scented vanilla; the Indian pea and, above all, the regal
pineapple*, loaded the breath of the evening breeze with their rich
perfume. The boys were delighted with the pineapple, and so eagerly did
they fall to, that my wife had to caution them that there were no
doctors on our territory, and that if they became ill, they would have
to cure themselves as best they might.

   * At this point the author seems to assume that pineapples
     grow on trees. They do not.

This advice, however, seemed to have small effect on my sons, and
showing Knips what they wanted, they sent him after the ripest and best

While they were thus employed, I examined the other shrubs and bushes.
Among these I presently noticed one which I knew well from description
to be the karatas.

`Come here, boys,' I said, `here is something of far more value than
your pineapples. Do you see that plant with long pointed leaves and
beautiful red flower? That is the karatas. The filaments of the leaves
make capital thread, while the leaves themselves, bruised, form an
invaluable salve. The pith of this wonderful plant may be used either
for tinder or bait for fish.

`Suppose, Ernest, you had been wrecked here, how would you have made a
fire without matches, or flint and steel?'

`As the savages do,' replied he, `I would rub two pieces of wood
together until they kindled.'

`Try it,' I said, `but, if you please, try it when you have a whole day
before you, and no other work to be done, for I am certain it would be
night before you accomplished the feat. But see here,' and I broke a
dry twig from the karatas, and peeling off the bark, laid the pith upon
a stone. I struck a couple of pebbles over it, and, they emitting a
spark, the pith caught fire.

The boys were delighted with the experiment. I then drew some of the
threads from the leaves, and presented them to my wife.

`But what,' said Fritz, `is the use of all these other prickly plants,
except to annoy one? Here, for instance, is a disagreeable little

`That is an Indian fig,' said I. `It grows best on dry, rocky ground;
for most of its nourishment is derived from the air. Its juice is used,
I believe, medicinally, while its fruit is pleasant and wholesome.'

Master Jack was off in a moment when he heard of a new delicacy, and
attempted to gather some of the fruit, but in vain; the sharp thorns
defied his efforts, and with bleeding hands and rueful countenance, he

I removed the thorns from his hands, and making a sharp wooden skewer,
I thrust it into a fig, and quickly twisted it from its branch and
split it open with a knife, still holding it upon the skewer. The rest
followed my example, and we regaled ourselves upon the fruit, which we
found excellent.

Ernest carefully examined the fig he was eating. `What', he exclaimed,
presently, `are these little red insects? They cling all over the
fruit, and I cannot shake them off. Can they be cochineal?'

He handed me the fig, and I examined it attentively.

`You are quite right, my boy,' I said, `there is no doubt this is the
real cochineal. However, though it is worth its weight in gold to
European traders, it is of little use to us, I am afraid, unless any of
you care to appear in gay colours. The cochineal, you know, forms the
most lovely scarlet dye.'

`No, thank you,' said Jack, `but we will take a lot of it when we go
home again. Now let us find something more useful to us.' And they
thereupon plied me incessantly with questions concerning every plant
and shrub we passed.

`Stop, stop,' I said at length. `The most learned naturalist would be
much puzzled with many of these trees; and I, who have never seen any
of them before, and know them merely by description, cannot pretend to
tell you the names, or explain to you the use of one quarter of them.'

Discussing, however, the properties of such shrubs as I did know, we at
length reached Tentholm. Everything was safe, and we set to work to
collect what we wanted. I opened the butter cask from which my wife
filled her pot. Fritz saw after the ammunition, and Jack and Ernest ran
down to the beach to capture the geese and ducks. This they found no
easy matter, for the birds, left so long alone, were shy, and nothing
would induce them to come on shore and be caught. Ernest at length hit
upon an ingenious plan.

He took some pieces of cheese, and tied them to long strings. This bait
he threw into the water, and the hungry ducks instantly made a grab at
it; then with a little skilful manoeuvring he drew them on shore.

While Jack and he were thus busily employed catching and tying the
rebels together by the feet, we procured a fresh supply of salt, which
we packed upon Turk's back, first relieving him of his coat of mail.
The birds we fastened to our game-bags, and carefully closing the door
of our tent, started homewards by the sea-shore. After a cheerful and
pleasant walk, we once more reached our woodland abode. I released the
birds, and, clipping their wings to prevent their leaving us,
established them on the stream. Then, after a delicious supper of
potatoes, milk and butter, we ascended our tree and turned in.

Having remarked a great deal of driftwood on the sands the preceding
evening, it occurred to me that it would be well to get some of it, and
make a kind of sledge, so that the labour of fetching what we wanted
from our stores at Tentholm might not fall so heavily on ourselves.

I awoke early and roused Ernest as my assistant, wishing to encourage
him to overcome his natural fault of indolence. After a little
stretching and yawning, he got up cheerfully, pleased with the idea of
an expedition while the others still slept, and we made our way to the
beach, taking with us the donkey, who drew a large broad bough, which I
expected to find useful in bringing back our load.

As we went along, I remarked to Ernest that I supposed he was rather
sorry for himself, and grudged leaving his cosy hammock and pleasant
dreams at this untimely hour.

`Oh, father, do not laugh at my laziness! Indeed I mean to cure myself
of it. I am very glad to go with you. I intended to shoot some more of
the ortolans this morning, but there will be plenty of time afterwards.
The boys will be shooting at them, I daresay, but I don't expect they
will have any great luck.'

`Why not, pray?' inquired I.

`I don't believe they will know what shot to use at first, and,
besides, they will most likely shoot upwards at the birds and be sure
to miss them, on account of the great height and thickness of the
branches and foliage.'

`Well, Ernest, you certainly possess the gifts of prudence and
reflection, as well as observation. These are valuable; but sudden
action is so often necessary in life, that I advise you to cultivate
the power of instantly perceiving and deciding what must be done in
cases of emergency. Presence of mind is a precious quality, which,
although natural in some characters, may be acquired to a certain
degree by all who train themselves to it.'

Once on the seashore, our work was quickly accomplished, for selecting
the wood I thought fit for my purpose, we laid it across the broad
leafy branch, and, with some help from us, the donkey dragged a very
fair load of it homewards, with the addition of a small chest which I
raised from among the sand which nearly covered it.

We heard the boys popping away at the birds as we drew near. They
hastened to meet us, and inquired where we had been, looking curiously
at the chest, which I allowed them to open, while I asked my wife to
excuse our `absence without leave'; and after submitting to her gentle
reprimand, I explained my plan for a sledge, which pleased her greatly,
and she already imagined it loaded with her hogshead of butter, and on
its way from Tentholm to Falconhurst.

The chest proved to be merely that of a common sailor, containing his
clothes, very much wetted by the sea water.

The boys exhibited an array of several dozen birds, and related,
during breakfast, the various incidents of failure and success which
had attended their guns. Ernest had rightly guessed the mistakes they
would make, but practise was making them perfect, and they seemed
disposed to continue their sport, when their mother, assuring them that
she could not use more birds than those already killed, asked if I did
not think some means of snaring them might be contrived, as much powder
and shot would be expended if they fired on at this rate.

Entirely agreeing with this view of the subject, I desired the lads to
lay aside their guns for the present, and the younger ones readily
applied themselves to making snares of the long threads drawn from the
leaves of the karatas in a simple way I taught them, while Fritz and
Ernest gave me substantial assistance in the manufacture of the new

We were busily at work, when a tremendous disturbance among our fowls
led us to suppose that a fox or wild cat had got into their midst. The
cocks crowed defiantly, the hens fluttered and cackled in a state of
the wildest excitement.

We hastened towards them, but Ernest remarking Master Knips slipping
away, as though conscious of some misdemeanour, went to watch him, and
presently caught him in the act of eating a new-laid egg, which he had
carried off and hidden among the grass and roots. Ernest found several

These were very welcome to my wife, for hitherto the hens had not
presented us with any eggs. Hereafter she determined to imprison the
monkey every morning until the eggs had been collected.

Soon after this, as Jack was setting the newly made snares among the
branches, he discovered that a pair of our own pigeons were building in
the tree. It was very desirable to increase our stock of these pretty
birds, and I cautioned the boys against shooting near our tree while
they had nests there, and also with regard to the snares, which were
meant only to entrap the wild-fig-eaters.

Although my sons were interested in setting the snares, they by no
means approved of the new order to economize on ammunition.

No doubt they had been discussing this hardship, for little Franz came
to me with a brilliant proposal of his own.

`Papa,' said he, `why should not we begin to plant some powder and shot
immediately? It would be so much more useful than bare grain for the

His brothers burst into a roar of laughter, and I must confess I found
it no easy matter to keep my countenance.

`Come, Ernest,' said I, `now we have had our amusement, tell the
little fellow what gunpowder really is.'

`It is not seed at all, Franz,' Ernest explained. `Gunpowder is made of
charcoal, sulphur and saltpetre, mixed cleverly together; so you see it
cannot be sown like corn, any more than shot can be planted like peas
and beans.'

My carpentering meantime went on apace. In order to shape my sledge
with ends properly turned up in front, I had chosen wood which had been
part of the bow of the vessel, and was curved in the necessary way for
my purpose. Two pieces, perfectly similar, formed the sides of my
sleigh, or sledge, and I simply united these strongly by fixing short
bars across them. Then, when the ropes of the donkey's harness were
attached to the raised points in front, the equipage was complete and
ready for use.

My attention had been for some time wholly engrossed by my work, and I
only now observed that the mother and her little boys had been busily
plucking above two dozen of the wild birds, and were preparing to roast
them, spitted in a row on a long, narrow sword blade, belonging to one
of our ship's officers.

It seemed somewhat wasteful to cook so many at once, but my wife
explained that she was getting them ready for the butter-cask I was
going to fetch for her on the new sledge, as I had advised her to
preserve them half-cooked, and packed in butter.

Amused at her promptitude, I could do nothing less than promise to go
for her cask directly after dinner. For her part, she resolved in our
absence to have a grand wash of linen and other clothes, and she
advised me to arrange regular baths for all the boys in future.

Early in the afternoon Ernest and I were ready to be off. Fritz
presented us each with a neat case of margay skin to hang at our

We harnessed both cow and ass to the sledge and, accompanied by Juno,
cheerfully took our departure, choosing the way by the sands, and
reaching Tentholm without accident or adventure.

There, unharnessing the animals, we began at once to load the sledge,
not only with the butter-cask, but with a powder-chest, a barrel of
cheese, and a variety of other articles--ball, shot, tools and Turk's
armour, which had been left behind on our last visit.

Our work had so closely engaged our attention, that when we were ready
to leave it and go in search of a good bathing-place, we discovered
that our two animals had wandered quite out of sight, having crossed
the bridge to reach the good pasture beyond the river.

I sent Ernest after them, and went alone to the extremity of the bay.
It terminated in bold and precipitous cliffs, which extended into the
deep water, and rose abruptly so as to form an inaccessible wall of
rock and crag. Swampy ground, overgrown with large canes, intervened
between me and these cliffs. I cut a large bundle of the reeds, and
returned to Ernest.

It was some time before I found him, comfortably extended full length
on the ground near the tent, and sleeping as sound as a top, while the
cow and the ass, grazing at will, were again making for the bridge.

`Get up, Ernest, you lazy fellow!' exclaimed I, much annoyed, `Why
don't you mind your business? Look at the animals! They will be over
the river again!'

`No fear of that, father,' returned he, with the utmost composure. `I
have taken a couple of boards off the bridge. They won't pass the gap.'

I could not help laughing at the ingenious device by which the boy had
spared himself all trouble; at the same time I observed that it is
wrong to waste the precious moments in sleep when duty has to be
performed. I then bid him go and collect some salt, which was wanted at
home, while I went to bathe.

On coming back, much refreshed, I again missed Ernest, and began to
wonder whether he was still gathering salt, or whether he had lain down
somewhere to finish his nap, when I heard him loudly calling: `Father,
father! I've caught a fish! An immense fellow he is. I can scarcely
hold him, he drags the line so!'

Hastening towards the spot, I saw the boy lying in the grass, on a
point of land close to the mouth of the stream, and with all his might
keeping hold of a rod. The line was strained to the utmost by the
frantic efforts of a very large fish, which was attempting to free
itself from the hook.

I quickly took the rod from him, and giving the fish more line, led him
by degrees into shallow water. Ernest ran in with his hatchet and
killed him. It proved to be a salmon of full fifteen pounds weight, and
I was delighted to think of taking such a valuable prize to them.

`This is capital, Ernest!' cried I. `You have cleared yourself for once
of the charge of laziness! Let us now carry this splendid salmon to the
sledge. I will clean and pack it for the journey, that it may arrive in
good condition, while you go and take a bath in the sea.'

All this being accomplished, we harnessed our beasts to the well-laden
vehicle, and replacing the boards on the bridge, commenced the journey

We kept inland this time, and were skirting the borders of a grassy
thicket, when Juno suddenly left us, and plunging into the bushes, with
fierce barking hunted out, right in front of us, the most
singular-looking creature I ever beheld. It was taking wonderful flying
leaps, apparently in a sitting posture, and got over the ground at an
astonishing rate. I attempted to shoot it as it passed, but missed.

Ernest, who was behind me, observed its movements very coolly, and
seeing that the dog was puzzled, and that the animal, having paused,
was crouching among the grass, went cautiously nearer, fired at the
spot he had marked, and shot it dead.

The extraordinary appearance of this creature surprised us very much.
It was as large as a sheep, its head was shaped like that of a mouse;
its skin also was of a mouse-colour; it had long ears like a hare, and
a tail like a tiger's. The fore-paws resembled those of a squirrel, but
they seemed only half-grown while the hind legs were enormous, and so
long, that when upright on them the animal would look as if mounted on

For some time we stood silently wondering at the remarkable creature
before us. I could not recollect to have seen or heard of any such.

`Well, father,' said Ernest at last, `I should say this was about the
queerest beast to be met with anywhere. I am glad I knocked it over.
How they will all stare when I carry it home!'

`You have had a lucky day altogether, certainly,' said I, `but I
cannot think what this animal can be. Examine its teeth, and let us see
to what class of mammalia it belongs. We may be led to guess at its
name in that way.'

`I see four sharp incisor teeth, father--two upper, and two under, as a
squirrel has.'

`Ah! Then he is a rodent. What rodents can you remember, Ernest?'

`I do not know them all, but there are the mouse, the marmot, the
squirrel, the hare, the beaver, the jerboa--'

`The jerboa!' I exclaimed, `The jerboa! Now we shall have it. This is
really very like a jerboa, only far larger. It must be a kangaroo, one
of the class of animals which has a pouch or purse beneath the body, in
which its young can take refuge. They were discovered in New Holland,
by the great Captain Cook, and I congratulate you on being the first to
obtain a specimen in New Switzerland!' I added, laughing, as I
extemporised the name.

The kangaroo was added to the already heavy load on our sledge, and we
proceeded slowly, arriving late at Falconhurst, but meeting with the
usual bright welcome. Very eager and inquisitive were the glances
turned towards the sledge, for the load piled on it surpassed all
expectation: we on our part staring in equal surprise at the
extraordinary rig of the young folks who came to meet us.

One wore a long night-shirt, which, with a belt, was a convenient
length in front, but trailed behind in orthodox ghost fashion. Another
had on a very wide pair of trousers, braced up so short that each
little leg looked like the clapper in a bell. The third, buttoned up in
a pea-jacket which came down to his ankles, looked for all the world
like a walking portmanteau.

Amid much joking and laughter, my wife explained that she had been
washing all day, and while their clothes were drying, the boys amused
themselves by dressing up in things they found while rummaging the
sailor's chest, and had kept them on, that Ernest and I might see the
masquerade. It certainly amused us, but made me regret that so little
belonging to ourselves had been saved from the wreck, in consequence of
which the children had scarcely a change of linen.

Turning now to our new acquisitions, we excited great interest by
exhibiting each in turn; the large salmon, but more especially the
kangaroo, surprised and delighted everyone.

Fritz alone wore a look expressive of dissatisfaction, and I saw that
he was envious of his younger brother's success. Vexed that so noble a
prize had fallen to Ernest's gun, instead of his own, he treated it
rather slightingly; but I could see that he was struggling against his
jealous feelings, and he, after a while, succeeded in recovering his
good humour, and joined pleasantly in the conversation.

`What a famous day's sport you have had altogether!' said he, coming
close up to me. `It will be my turn to go out with you next, will it
not, father? Just about here there is nothing to shoot, and I have
found it very dull.'

`Still you have been doing your duty, my dear boy; you were entrusted
with the care of the family, and a youth of manly character will not
depend for happiness on mere excitement.'

As the shades of night approached, we made haste to conclude the day's
work, by preparing the kangaroo, part for immediate use, and part for
salting. The animals were fed, and a plentiful allowance of salt made
to them. Our own supper of broiled salmon and potatoes was dispatched
with great appetite, and we retired, with thankful hearts, to sound and
well-earned repose.

Chapter 5

Next morning, while the breakfast was getting ready, I attended to the
beautiful skin of the kangaroo, which I was anxious to preserve entire;
and afterwards, when Fritz had prepared everything in readiness for our
trip to the wreck, I called Ernest and Jack in order to give them some
parting injunctions.

They, however, had disappeared directly after breakfast, and their
mother could only guess that, as we required potatoes, they might have
gone to fetch a supply. I desired her to reprove them, on their return,
for starting away without leave; but, as it appeared they had taken
Turk, I satisfied myself that no harm was likely to befall them,
although it was not without reluctance that I left my dear wife alone
with little Franz, cheering her with hopes of our speedy return with
new treasures from the wreck.

Advancing steadily on our way, we crossed the bridge at Jackal River,
when suddenly, to our no small astonishment, Jack and Ernest burst out
of a hiding-place where they had lain in wait for us, and were
enchanted with the startling effect of their unexpected appearance upon
their unsuspecting father and brother.

It was evident that they fully believed they might now go with us to
the wreck.

To this notion I at once put a decided stop, although I could not find
it in my heart to scold the two merry rogues for their thoughtless
frolic, more especially as I particularly wished to send back a message
to my wife. I told them they must hurry home, so as not to leave their
mother in suspense, although, as they were already so far, they might
collect some salt.

And I instructed them to explain that, as my work on board would take
up a long time, she must try to bear with our absence for a night. This
I had meant to say when we parted, but my courage had failed, knowing
how much she would object to such a plan, and I had resolved to return
in the evening.

On consideration, however, of the importance of constructing a raft,
which was my intention in going, and finishing it without a second
trip, I determined to remain on board for the night, as the boys had,
unintentionally, given me the chance of sending a message to that

`Goodbye boys, take care of yourselves! We're off,' shouted Fritz, as I
joined him in the tub-boat, and we shoved off.

The current carried us briskly out of the bay; we were very soon
moored safely alongside the wreck, and scrambling up her shattered
sides, stood on what remained of the deck, and began at once to lay our
plans. I wanted to make a raft fit to carry on shore a great variety of
articles far too large and heavy for our present boat.

A number of empty water-casks seemed just what was required for a
foundation: we closed them tightly, pushed them overboard, and
arranging twelve of them side by side in rows of three, we firmly
secured them together by means of spars, and then proceeded to lay a
good substantial floor of planks, which was defended by a low bulwark.
In this way we soon had a first-rate raft, exactly suited to our

It would have been impossible to return to land that same evening, for
we were thoroughly fatigued by our labours, and had eaten only the
light refreshment we had brought in our wallets, scarcely desisting a
moment from our work.

Rejoicing that we were not expected home, we now made an excellent
supper from the ship's provisions, and then rested for the night on
spring mattresses, a perfect luxury to us, after our hard and narrow

Next morning we actively set about loading the raft and boat: first
carrying off the entire contents of our own cabins; and, passing on to
the captain's room, we removed the furniture, as well as the doors and
window-frames, with their bolts, bars and locks. We next took the
officers' chests, and those belonging to the carpenter and gunsmith;
the contents of these latter we had to remove in portions, as their
weight was far beyond our strength.

One large chest was filled with an assortment of fancy goods, and
reminded us of a jeweller's shop, so glittering was the display of gold
and silver watches, snuff-boxes, buckles, studs, chains, rings and all
manner of trinkets; these, and a box of money, drew our attention for a
time; but more useful to us at present was a case of common knives and
forks, which I was glad to find, as more suited to us than the smart
silver ones we had previously taken on shore.

To my delight we found, most carefully packed, a number of young fruit
trees; and we read on the tickets attached to them the names, so
pleasant to European ears, of the apple, pear, chestnut, orange,
almond, peach, apricot, plum, cherry and vine.

The cargo, which had been destined for the supply of a distant colony,
proved, in fact, a rich and almost inexhaustible treasure to us.
Ironmongery, plumber's tools, lead, paint, grind-stones, cart wheels,
and all that was necessary for the work of a smith's forge, spades and
plough-shares, sacks of maize, peas, oats, and wheat, a hand-mill, and
also the parts of a saw-mill so carefully numbered that, were we strong
enough, it would be easy to put it up, had been stowed away.

So bewildered were we by the wealth around us that for some time we
were at a loss as to what to remove to the raft. It would be
impossible to take everything; yet the first storm would complete the
destruction of the ship, and we should lose all we left behind.

Selecting a number of the most useful articles, however, including of
course the grain and the fruit trees, we gradually loaded our raft.

Fishing lines, reels, cordage, and a couple of harpoons were put on
board, as well as a mariner's compass. Fritz, recollecting our
encounter with the shark, placed the harpoons in readiness; and amused
me by seeming to picture himself a whaler, flourishing his harpoon in
most approved fashion. Early in the afternoon, both our craft were
heavily laden, and we were ready to make for the shore. The voyage was
begun with considerable anxiety, as, with the raft in tow, there was
some danger of an accident.

But the sea being calm and the wind favourable, we found we could
spread the sail, and our progress was very satisfactory. Presently,
Fritz asked me for the telescope, as he had observed something curious
floating at a distance. Then handing it back, he begged me to examine
the object; which I soon discovered to be a turtle asleep on the water,
and of course unconscious of our approach.

`Do, father, steer towards it!' exclaimed he. I accordingly did so,
that he might have a nearer look at the creature. Little did I suspect
what was to follow. The lad's back was turned to me, and the broad sail
was between us, so that I could not perceive his actions; when, all of
a sudden, I experienced a shock, and the thrill as of line running
through a reel. Before I had time to call out, a second shock, and the
sensation of the boat being rapidly drawn through the water, alarmed

`Fritz, what are you about?' cried I. `You are sending us to the

`I have him, hurrah! I have him safe!' shouted he, in eager
excitement. To my amazement, I perceived that he really had struck the
tortoise with a harpoon; a rope was attached to it, and the creature
was running away with us.

Lowering the sail and seizing my hatchet, I hastened forward, in order
to cut the line, and cast adrift at once turtle and harpoon.

`Father! Do wait!' pleaded the boy. `There is no danger just yet! I
promise to cut the line myself the instant it is necessary! Let us
catch this turtle if we possibly can.'

`My dear boy, the turtle will be a very dear bargain, if he upsets all
our goods into the sea, even if he does not drown us too. For heaven's
sake, be careful! I will wait a few minutes, but the instant there is
danger, cut the line.'

As the turtle began to make for the open sea, I hoisted the sail
again; and, finding the opposition too much for it, the creature again
directed its course landward, drawing us rapidly after it. The part of
the shore for which the turtle was making was considerably to the left
of our usual landing-place. The beach there shelved very gradually, and
at some distance from land we grounded with a sharp shock, but
fortunately without a capsize.

The turtle was evidently greatly exhausted, and no wonder, since it had
been acting the part of a steam tug, and had been dragging, at full
speed, a couple of heavily laden vessels. Its intention was to escape
to land; but I leaped into the water, and wading up to it, dispatched
it with my axe. Such was its tenacity of life, however, that it did not
cease its struggles, until I had actually severed its head from its

As we were by no means far from Falconhurst, Fritz gave notice of our
approach by firing off his gun, as well as shouting loudly in his glee;
and, while we were yet engaged in securing our boats and getting the
turtle on shore, the whole family appeared in the distance hastening
eagerly towards us; and our new prize, together with the well-laden
boat and raft, excited the liveliest interest; my wife's chief
pleasure, however, consisted in seeing us safely back, as our night's
absence had disturbed her, and she was horrified by the description of
our dangerous run in the wake of the fugitive turtle.

Being anxious to remove some of our goods before night, the boys ran
off to fetch the sledge; while I, having no anchor, contrived to moor
the boats by means of some of the heavy blocks of iron we had brought.
It required our united strength to get the turtle hoisted on to the
sledge, its weight being prodigious; we found it, indeed, with the
addition of the sapling fruit-trees, quite a sufficient load.

We then made the best of our way home, chatting merrily about our
various adventures. The first thing to be done on arriving was to
obtain some of the turtle's flesh to cook for supper. To my wife this
appeared necessarily a work of time, as well as of difficulty; but I
turned the beast on its back, and soon detached a portion of the meat
from the breast with a hatchet, by breaking the lower shell; and I then
directed that it should be cooked, with a little salt, shell and all.

`But let me first cut away this disgusting green fat,' said my wife,
with a little shudder. `See how it sticks all over the meat. No one
could eat anything so nasty.'

`Leave the fat, whatever you do!' exclaimed I. `Why, my dear, that is
the very best part, and the delight of the epicures. If there be really
too much, cut some off-it can be used as lard, and let the dogs make a
supper of the refuse.'

`And the handsome shell!' cried Fritz. `I should like to make a
water-trough of that, to stand near the brook, and be kept always full
of clear water. How useful it would be!'

`That is a capital idea,' I replied, `and we may manage it easily, if
we can find clay so as to make a firm foundation on which to place it.'

`Oh, as to clay,' said Jack, `I have a grand lump of clay there under
that root.'

`Well done, my lad! When did you find it?'

`He found a bed of clay near the river this morning,' said his mother,
`and came home in such a mess, I had regularly to scrape his clothes
and wash him thoroughly!'

`Well, mother, I can only tell you I should never in all my days have
found the clay, if I had not slipped and fallen amongst it.'

`That I can well believe,' returned his mother, `only, to hear your
talk this morning, one would have thought your discovery of clay the
result of very arduous search indeed.'

`When you have ended the question of the clay and the turtle-shell,'
said Ernest, `I should like to show you some roots I found today; they
are getting rather dry now. They look something like radishes, although
the plant itself was almost a bush; but I have not ventured to taste
them, although our old sow was devouring them at a great rate.'

`In that you did wisely, my boy. Swine eat many things injurious to
men. Let me see your roots. How did you discover them?'

`I was rambling in the wood this morning, and came upon the sow, very
busy grubbing under a small bush, and eating something ravenously; so I
drove her away, and found a number of these roots, which I brought for
you to see.'

`Indeed, Ernest,' I exclaimed, after taking the roots in my hand and
considering them attentively, `I am inclined to believe that you have
really made a brilliant discovery! If this proves to be, as I expect,
the manioc root, we might lose every other eatable we possess, and yet
not starve. In the West Indies, cakes called cassava bread are made
from it; and, already having potatoes, we shall be very independent if
we can succeed in preparing flour from these roots. Great care must be
taken in the manufacture to express the juice, otherwise the flour may
be injurious and even poisonous.

`If we can collect a sufficient quantity, we will attempt bread-making.
I think I know how to set about it.'

Finding there was still time to make another trip with the sledge, I
went off with the elder boys, leaving Franz with his mother; and we all
looked forward with satisfaction to the prospect of the princely supper
they were to have ready for us, for our day's work had been none of the

`I have been thinking about my turtle, father,' said Fritz, as we went
along, `is not the shell very valuable? Surely beautiful combs, boxes,
and a number of ornamental things are made of tortoise-shell, and if
so, it seems a pity to use it for a water-trough.'

`Your turtle, Fritz, is only fit for eating, its shell is worthless as
regards ornament; whereas the species whose shell is prized so much is
unfit for food. Tortoiseshell is subjected to the action of heat, the
outer layer peels off, leaving a beautifully marked, semi-transparent
surface, which is susceptible of a very high polish.'

The sledge quickly received its second load from the raft. Chests, four
cart-wheels and the hand-mill were placed on it, with all manner of
smaller articles, and we lost no time in returning to Falconhurst.

My wife welcomed us joyfully, for she said we had been regularly
overworked during the last two days. `However, now you are come home to
rest,' said she, `and you little think what refreshment awaits you here
in the shade. Come and see my cellar!' and she smilingly exhibited a
small cask, half sunk in the ground, and well sheltered with leaves and

`Ah! You wonder where this came from,' continued my wife; `well, I
found it myself on the sands, today, while you were all absent; and
fancying it was wine of some sort, I got it up here on purpose to be
ready for you. The boys are most anxious to know what sort of wine it
will prove to be.'

As the simplest method of ascertaining this, I inserted a straw at the
vent-hole, and presently announced that in all my life I had never
enjoyed a more delicious draught of canary sack. My wife was immensely
pleased to find that her exertions in my behalf had not been thrown
away, and the boys pressed round me, armed with straws, and begging for
a taste.

After so strongly expressing my own enjoyment of the wine, it seemed
unreasonable to deny them this, and I let them come in turns, but was
speedily obliged to call a halt; for the rogues got so eager and
excited that I had to reprove them for their greediness, and warn them
of the risk they ran of being intoxicated.

Supper was more to the purpose; and, as the turtle proved delicious, it
was heartily enjoyed, and gave us strength to haul the mattresses we
had brought from the ship, up into our sleeping-rooms, so that very
refreshing slumbers closed the day.

Early next morning, I got up without rousing any of the others,
intending to pay a visit to the beach; for I had my doubts about the
safety of my vessels on the open shore. The dogs were delighted when I
descended the ladder, and bounded to meet me; the cocks crowed and
flapped their wings; two pretty kids gambolled around; all was life and
energy: the ass alone seemed disinclined to begin the day, and, as I
especially required his services, this was unfortunate.

I put his morning dreams to flight, however, and harnessed him to the
sledge; the cow, as she had not been milked, enjoyed the privilege of
further repose, and with the rest of the family, I left her dozing.

My fears as to the safety of the boats were soon dispelled, for they
were all right; and, being in haste to return, the load I collected
from their freight was but a light one, and the donkey willingly
trotted home with it, he, as well as I, being uncommonly ready for

Approaching the tree, not a sound was to be heard, not a soul was to be
seen, although it was broad day; and great was my good wife's surprise,
when, roused by the clatter and hullabaloo I made, she started up, and
became aware of the late hour!

`What can have made us oversleep ourselves like this?' she exclaimed.
`It must be the fault of those mattresses, they are delightful, but
really too lulling; see the children are sound asleep still.'

With much stretching and many yawns, the boys at last came tumbling
down from the tree, rubbing their eyes and seeming but half awake;
Ernest last, as usual.

`Come, my boys,' said I, `this will never do! Your beds were too
luxurious last night, I see.'

In my own opinion, however, I felt there was something else to blame
besides the comfortable mattresses, and I made a mental resolve that
the captain's fine canary should be dealt with very sparingly in
future. `So now for prayers and breakfast,' I continued, `and then off
to work; I must have our cargo landed in time to get the boats off with
the next tide.'

By dint of downright hard work, we accomplished this, and I got on
board with Fritz as soon as they were afloat; the rest turned
homewards, but Jack lingered behind with such imploring looks, that I
could not resist taking him with me.

My intention had been simply to take the vessels round to the harbour
in Safety Bay, but the calm sea and fine weather tempted me to make
another trip to the wreck. It took up more time than I expected, so
that, when on board, we could only make a further examination of the
cargo, collect a few portable articles and then avail ourselves of the
sea-breeze which would fail us later in the evening.

To Jack the pleasure of hunting about in the hold, was novel and
charming, and very soon a tremendous rattling and clattering heralded
his approach with a wheelbarrow, in the highest spirits at his good
fortune in having found such a capital thing in which to bring home

He was followed by Fritz, whose news was still more important. He had
found, carefully packed and enclosed within partitions, what appeared
to be the separate parts of a pinnace, with rigging and fittings
complete, even to a couple of small brass guns. This was a great
discovery, and I hastened to see if the lad was right. Indeed he was,
but my pleasure was qualified by a sense of the arduous task it would
be to put such a craft together so as to be fit for sea.

For the present, we had barely time to get something to eat and hurry
into the boat, where were collected our new acquisitions, namely, a
copper boiler, iron plates, tobacco-graters, two grindstones, a small
barrel of powder, and another of flints, two wheelbarrows besides
Jack's, which he kept under his own especial care.

As we drew near the shore, we were surprised to see a number of little
figures ranged in a row along the water's edge, and apparently gazing
fixedly at us. They seemed to wear dark coats and white waistcoats, and
stood quite still with their arms dropping by their sides, only every
now and then one would extend them gently, as though longing to embrace

`Ah! Here at last come the pigmy inhabitants of the country to welcome
us!' cried I, laughing.

`Oh, father!' exclaimed Jack, `I hope they are Lilliputians! I once
read in a book about them, so there must be such people you know, only
these look rather too large.'

`You must be content to give up the Lilliputians and accept penguins,
my dear Jack,' said I. `We have not before seen them in such numbers,
but Ernest knocked one down, if you remember, soon after we landed.
They are excellent swimmers, but helpless on land, as they can neither
fly nor run.'

We were gradually approaching the land as I spoke, and no sooner was
the water shallow, than out sprang Jack from his tub, and wading
ashore, took the unsuspecting birds by surprise, and with his stick
laid half a dozen, right and left, either stunned or dead at his feet.
The rest escaped into the water, dived, and disappeared.

As these penguins are disagreeable food, on account of their strong
oily taste, I was sorry Jack had attacked them; but going to examine
them when we landed, some of the fallen arose from their swoon, and
began solemnly to waddle away, upon which we caught them, and tying
their feet together with long grass, laid them on the sand to wait
until we were ready to start.

The three wheelbarrows then each received a load, the live penguins
seated gravely were trundled along by Jack, and away we went at a great

The unusual noise of our approach set the dogs barking furiously, but
discovering us, they rushed forward with such forcible demonstrations
of delight, that poor little Jack, who, as it was, could scarcely
manage his barrow, was fairly upset, penguins and all. This was too
much for his patience, and it was absurd to see how he started up and
cuffed them soundly for their boisterous behaviour.

This scene, and the examination of our burdens, caused great
merriment: the tobacco-grater and iron plates evidently puzzling

I sent the boys to catch some of our geese and ducks, and bid them
fasten a penguin to each by the leg, thinking that it was worth while
to try to tame them.

My wife had exerted herself in our absence to provide a good store of
potatoes, and also of manioc root. I admired her industry, and little
Franz said, `Ah, father! I wonder what you will say when mother and I
give you some Indian corn, and melons, and pumpkins and cucumbers!'

`Now, you little chatterbox!' cried she. `You have let out my secret! I
was to have the pleasure of surprising your father when my plants were
growing up.'

`Ah, the poor disappointed little mother!' said I. `Never mind! I am
charmed to hear about it. Only do tell me, where did those seeds come

`Out of my magic bag, of course!' replied she. `And each time I have
gone for potatoes, I have sown seeds in the ground which was dug up to
get them; and I have planted potatoes also.'

`Well done, you wise little woman!' I exclaimed, `Why, you are a model
of prudence and industry!'

`But,' continued she, `I do not half like the appearance of those
tobacco-graters you have brought. Is it possible you are going to make
snuff? Do, pray, let us make sure of abundance of food for our mouths,
before we think of our noses!'

`Make your mind easy, my wife. I have not the remotest intention of
introducing the dirty, ridiculous habit of snuffing into your family!
Please to treat my graters with respect, however, because they are to
be the means of providing you with the first fresh bread you have seen
this many a long day.'

`What possible connection can there be between bread and
tobacco-graters? I cannot imagine what you mean, and to talk of bread
where there are no ovens is only tantalizing.'

`Ah, you must not expect real loaves,' said I. `But on these flat iron
plates I can bake flat cakes or scones, which will be excellent bread;
I mean to try at once what I can do with Ernest's roots. And first of
all, I want you to make me a nice strong canvas bag.'

This my wife willingly undertook to do, but she evidently had not much
faith in my powers as a baker, and I saw her set on a good potful of
potatoes before beginning to work, as though to make sure of a meal
without depending on my bread.

Spreading a large sailcloth on the ground, I summoned my boys and set
to work. Each took a grater and a supply of well-washed manioc root,
and when all were seated round the cloth--`Once, twice, thrice! Off!'
cried I, beginning to rub a root as hard as I could against the rough
surface of my grater. My example was instantly followed by the whole
party, amid bursts of merriment, as each remarked the funny attitude
and odd gestures of his neighbours while vehemently rubbing, rasping,
grating and grinding down the roots allotted to him. No one was tempted
by the look of the flour to stop and taste it, for in truth it looked
much like wet sawdust.

`Cassava bread is highly esteemed in many parts of the New World, and I
have even heard that some Europeans there prefer it to the wheaten
bread of their own country. There are various species of manioc. One
sort grows quickly, and its roots ripen in a very short time. Another
kind is of somewhat slower growth. The roots of the third kind do not
come to maturity for two years. The two first are poisonous, if eaten
raw, yet they are preferred to the last, which is harmless, because
they are so much more fruitful, and the flour produced is excellent, if
the scrapings are carefully pressed.'

`What is the good of pressing them, father?' inquired Ernest.

`It is in order to express the sap, which contains the poison. The dry
pith is wholesome and nourishing. Still, I do not mean to taste my
cakes, until I have tried their effect on our fowls and the ape.'

By this time our supply of roots being reduced to damp powder, the
canvas bag was filled with it, and tying it tightly up, I attempted to
squeeze it, but soon found that mechanical aid was necessary in order
to express the moisture.

My arrangements for this purpose were as follows. A strong straight
beam was made flat on one side, smooth planks were laid across two of
the lower roots of our tree; on these we placed the sack, above the
sack another plank, and over that the long beam; one end was passed
under a root near the sack, the other projected far forward. And to
that we attached all the heaviest weights we could think of, such as an
anvil, iron bars and masses of lead. The consequent pressure on the bag
was enormous, and the sap flowed from it to the ground.

`Will this stuff keep any time?' inquired my wife, who came to see how
we were getting on. `Or must all this great bagful be used at once? In
that case we shall have to spend the whole of tomorrow in baking

`Not at all,' I replied, `once dry, the flour in barrels will keep
fresh a long time. We shall use a great deal of this, however, as you
shall see.'

`Do you think we might begin now, father?' said Fritz.

`There does not seem the least moisture remaining.'

`Certainly,' said I. `But I shall only make one cake today for an
experiment; we must see how it agrees with Master Knips and the hens
before we set up a bakehouse in regular style.'

I took out a couple of handfuls of flour for this purpose, and with a
stick loosened and stirred the remainder, which I intended should again
be pressed. While an iron plate placed over a good fire was getting
hot, I mixed the meal with water and a little salt, kneaded it well,
and forming a thick cake, laid it on the hot plate when, one side
presently becoming a nice yellow brown colour, it was turned and was
quickly baked.

It smelt so delicious, that the boys quite envied the two hens and the
monkey, who were selected as the subjects of this interesting
experiment, and they silently watched them gobbling up the bits of cake
I gave them, until Fritz turned to me, saying, `Suppose the cake is
poisonous, what effect will it have on the creatures? Will they be
stupefied, or will they suffer pain?'

`That depends upon the nature of the poison. Some cause violent pain,
as colchicum, hellebore, and aconite. Others produce stupefaction and
paralysis, as opium, hemlock, and prussic acid; while others again, as
strychnine, are followed by violent convulsions, or, as belladonna, by

`The effects of course vary according to the quantity taken, and such
remedies should be applied as will best counteract the effect of each
poison: emetics in any case, to remove as much as possible of the
noxious substance, combined with oils and mucilaginous drinks to soothe
and protect the stomach in the case of irritants; stimulants, such as
spirits, ammonia, or strong coffee to rouse from the stupor of the
narcotics; and sedative drugs, which are perhaps in themselves poisons,
to counteract the over stimulation of the nerves caused by the
convulsant poisons.

`But now let us think no more of poisons; here is supper ready and we
need not be afraid to eat roast penguin and potatoes.'

No sooner said than done; we left the fowls picking up the least crumb
they could find of the questionable food, and assembled to enjoy our
evening meal of roast penguin. The potatoes were as usual excellent,
the penguin really not so bad as I expected, although fishy in taste
and very tough.

Next morning every one expressed the tenderest concern as to the
health of Knips and the hens; and lively pleasure was in every
countenance when Jack, who ran first to make the visit of inquiry,
brought news of their perfect good health and spirits.

No time was now to be lost, and bread-baking commenced in earnest. A
large fire was kindled, the plates heated, the meal made into cakes,
each of the boys busily preparing his own, and watching the baking most
eagerly. Mistakes occurred, of course, some of the bread was burnt,
some not done enough; but a pile of nice tempting cakes was at length
ready, and with plenty of good milk we breakfasted right royally, and
in high spirits at our success.

Soon after, whilst feeding the poultry with the fragments of the
repast, I observed that the captive penguins were quite at ease among
them and as tame as the geese and ducks; their bonds were therefore
loosed, and they were left as free as the other fowls.

Chapter 6

Having now discovered how to provide bread for my family, my thoughts
began to revert to the wreck and all the valuables yet contained within
it. Above all, I was bent on acquiring possession of the beautiful
pinnace, and aware that our united efforts would be required to do the
necessary work, I began to coax and persuade my wife to let me go in
force with all the boys except Franz.

She very unwillingly gave her consent at last, but not until I had
faithfully promised never to pass a night on board. I did so with
reluctance, and we parted, neither feeling quite satisfied with the

The boys were delighted to go in so large a party, and merrily carried
provision-bags filled with cassava-bread and potatoes.

Reaching Safety Bay without adventure, we first paid a visit to the
geese and ducks which inhabited the marsh there, and having fed them
and seen they were thriving well, we buckled on each his cork-belt,
stepped into the tub-boat, and, with the raft in tow, steered straight
for the wreck.

When we got on board, I desired the boys to collect whatever came
first to hand, and load the raft to be ready for our return at night,
and then we made a minute inspection of the pinnace.

I came to the conclusion that difficulties, well-nigh insuperable, lay
between me and the safe possession of the beautiful little vessel. She
lay in a most un-get-at-able position at the further end of the hold,
stowed in so confined and narrow a space, that it was impossible to
think of fitting the parts together there. At the same time these parts
were so heavy, that removing them to a convenient place piece by piece
was equally out of the question.

I sent the boys away to amuse themselves by rummaging out anything they
liked to carry away, and sat down quietly to consider the matter.

As my eyes became used to the dim light which entered the compartment
through a chink or crevice here and there, I perceived how carefully
every part of the pinnace was arranged and marked with numbers, so that
if only I could bestow sufficient time on the work, and contrive space
in which to execute it, I might reasonably hope for success.

`Room! Room to work in, boys! That's what we need in the first place!'
I cried, as my sons came to see what plan I had devised, for so great
was their reliance on me, that they never doubted the pinnace was to be

`Fetch axes, and let us break down the compartment and clear space all

To work we all went, yet evening drew near, and but little impression
was made on the mass of woodwork around us. We had to acknowledge that
an immense amount of labour and perseverance would be required before
we could call ourselves the owners of the useful and elegant little
craft, which lay within this vast hulk like a fossil shell embedded in
a rock.

Preparations for returning to shore were hastily made, and we landed
without much relish for the long walk to Falconhurst, when, to our
great surprise and pleasure, we found my wife and little Franz at
Tentholm awaiting us. She had resolved to take up her quarters there
during the time we should be engaged on the wreck. `In that way you
will live nearer your work, and I shall not quite lose sight of you!'
said she, with a pleasant smile.

`You are a good, sensible, kind wife,' I exclaimed, delighted with her
plan, `and we shall work with the greater diligence, that you may
return as soon as possible to your dear Falconhurst.'

`Come and see what we have brought you, mother!' cried Fritz. `A good
addition to your stores, is it not?' and he and his brothers exhibited
two small casks of butter, three of flour, corn, rice, and many other
articles welcome to our careful housewife.

Our days were now spent in hard work on board, first cutting and
clearing an open space round the pinnace, and then putting the parts
together. We started early and returned at night, bringing each time a
valuable freight from the old vessel. At length, with incredible
labour, all was completed. The pinnace stood actually ready to be
launched, but imprisoned within massive wooden walls which defied our

It seemed exactly as though the graceful vessel had awakened from
sleep, and was longing to spring into the free blue sea, and spread her
wings to the breeze. I could not bear to think that our success so far
should be followed by failure and disappointment. Yet no possible means
of setting her free could I conceive, and I was almost in despair, when
an idea occurred to me which, if I could carry it out, would effect her
release without further labour or delay.

Without explaining my purpose, I got a large cast-iron mortar, filled
it with gunpowder, secured a block of oak to the top, through which I
pierced a hole for the insertion of the match, and this great petard I
so placed, that when it exploded, it should blow out the side of the
vessel next which the pinnace lay.

Then securing it with chains, that the recoil might do no damage, I
told the boys I was going ashore earlier than usual, and calmly
desired them to get into the boat. Then lighting a match I had
prepared, and which would burn some time before reaching the powder, I
hastened after them with a pounding heart, and we made for the land.

We brought the raft close in shore and began to unload it; the other
boat I did not haul up, but kept her ready to put off at a moment's
notice; my anxiety was unobserved by anyone, as I listened with
strained nerves for the expected sound. It came!--a flash! a mighty
roar--a grand burst of smoke!

My wife and children, terror-stricken, turned their eyes towards the
sea, whence the startling noise came, and then in fear and wonder,
looked to me for some explanation. `Perhaps,' said my wife, as I did
not speak, `perhaps you have left a light burning near some of the
gunpowder, and an explosion has taken place.'

`Not at all unlikely,' replied I quietly, `we had a fire below when we
were caulking the seams of the pinnace. I shall go off at once and see
what has happened. Will anyone come?'

The boys needed no second invitation, but sprang into the boat, while I
lingered to reassure my wife by whispering a few words of explanation,
and then joining them, we pulled for the wreck at a more rapid rate
than we ever had done before.

No alteration had taken place in the side at which we usually boarded
her, and we pulled round to the further side, where a marvellous sight
awaited us. A huge rent appeared, the decks and bulwarks were torn
open, the water was covered with floating wreckage--all seemed in
ruins; and the compartment where the pinnace rested was fully revealed
to view.

There sat the little beauty, to all appearance uninjured; and the
boys, whose attention was taken up with the melancholy scene of ruin
and confusion around them, were astonished to hear me shout, in
enthusiastic delight, `Hurrah! She is ours! The lovely pinnace is won!
We shall be able to launch her easily after all. Come, boys, let us see
if she has suffered from the explosion, which has set her free.'

The boys gazed at me for a moment, and then guessing my secret, `You
planned it yourself, you clever, cunning father! Oh, that machine we
helped to make, was on purpose to blow it up!' cried they; and eagerly
they followed me into the shattered opening, where, to my intense
satisfaction, I found everything as I could wish and the captive in
no way a sufferer from the violent measures I had adopted for her

The boys were deeply interested in examining the effects of the
explosion, and in the explanation I gave them, of the principle, and
proper way to manage a petard.

It was evident that the launch could now be effected without much
trouble; I had been careful to place rollers beneath the keel, so that
by means of levers and pulleys we might, with our united strength, move
her forward towards the water.

A rope was attached by which to regulate the speed of the descent, and
then, all hands putting their shoulders to the work, the pinnace began
to slide from the stocks, and finally slipped gently and steadily into
the water, where she floated as if conscious it was her native element;
while we, wild with excitement, cheered and waved enthusiastically.

We then only remained long enough to secure our prize carefully at the
most sheltered point, and went back to Tentholm, where we accounted for
the explosion; saying that having blown away one side of the ship, we
should be able to obtain the rest of its contents with a very few more
days' work.

These days were devoted to completing the rigging, the mounting of her
two little brass guns, and all necessary arrangements about the
pinnace. It was wonderful what martial ardour was awakened by the
possession of a vessel armed with two real guns. The boys chattered
incessantly about savages, fleets of canoes, attack, defence and final
annihilation of the invaders.

I assured them that, brilliant as their victories would doubtless be,
we should have good cause to thank God if their fighting powers and
new-born valour were never put to the test.

The pinnace was fully equipped and ready to sail, while yet no idea of
the surprise we were preparing for her had dawned upon my wife, and I
permitted the boys, who had kept the secret so well, to fire a salute
when we entered the bay.

Casting off from the ship, and spreading the sail, our voyage began.
The pinnace glided swiftly through the water, I stood at the helm,
Ernest and Jack manned the guns, and Fritz gave the word of command,
`Fire!' Bang! bang! rattled out a thrilling report, which echoed and
re-echoed among the cliffs, followed by our shouts and hurrahs.

My wife and her little boy rushed hastily forward from near the tent,
and we could plainly see their alarm and astonishment; but speedily
recognizing us, they waved joyfully, and came quickly to the
landing-place to meet us.

By skilful management we brought the pinnace near a projection of the
bank, and Fritz assisted his mother to come on board, where,
breathless with haste and excitement, she exclaimed, `You dear,
horrid, wonderful people, shall I scold you or praise you? You have
frightened me out of my wits! To see a beautiful little ship come
sailing in was startling enough, for I could not conceive who might be
on board, but the report of your guns made me tremble with fear--and
had I not recognized your voices directly after, I should have run away
with Franz Heaven knows where!

`But have you really done all this work yourselves?' she continued,
when we had been forgiven for terrifying her with our vainglorious
salute. `What a charming little yacht! I should not be afraid to sail
in this myself.'

After the pinnace had been shown off, and received the admiration she
deserved, while our industry, skill, and perseverance met with
boundless praise, `Now,' said my wife, `you must come with me, and see
how little Franz and I have improved our time every day of your

We all landed and, with great curiosity, followed my wife up the river
towards the cascade; where, to our astonishment, we found a garden
neatly laid out in beds and walks; and she continued, `We don't
frighten people by firing salutes in honour of our performances;
although, by and by, I too shall want fire in a peaceable form. Look at
my beds of lettuce and cabbages, my rows of beans and peas! Think what
delicious dinners I shall be able to cook for you, and give me credit
for my diligence.'

`My dear wife!' I exclaimed. `This is beautiful! You have done
wonders! Did you not find the work too hard?'

`The ground is light and easy to dig hereabouts,' she replied. `I have
planted potatoes, and cassava-roots, there is space for sugar-canes,
and the young fruit trees, and I shall want you to contrive to irrigate
them, by leading water from the cascades in hollow bamboos. Up by the
sheltering rocks I mean to have pineapples* and melons, they will look
splendid when they spread there. To shelter the beds of European
vegetables from the heat of the sun, I have planted seeds of maize
round them. The shadow of the tall plants will afford protection from
the burning rays. Do you think that is a good plan?'

    * The author now thinks pineapples grow on vines. They do not.

`I do indeed; the whole arrangement is capital. Now, as sunset
approaches, we must return to the tent for supper and rest, for both of
which we are all quite ready.'

The time passed in happy talk over our many new interests; everyone had
the pleasant sensation which attends successful labour, as well as
experiencing the joy of affording unexpected pleasure to others; and I
especially pointed out to my sons how true, genuine happiness consists
in that, rather than in mere self-gratification.

Next morning, my wife said: `If you can exist on shore long enough to
visit Falconhurst, dear husband, I should like you to attend to the
little fruit trees. I fear they have been too much neglected. I have
watered them occasionally, and spread earth over the roots as they lay,
but I could not manage to plant them.'

`You have done far more than I could have expected, my wife,' I
replied, `and provided you do not ask me to give up the sea
altogether, I most willingly agree to your request, and will go to
Falconhurst as soon as the raft is unloaded, and everything safely
arranged here.'

Life on shore was an agreeable change for us all, and the boys went
actively to work, so that the stores were quickly brought up to the
tent, piled in order, and carefully covered with sailcloths, fastened
down by pegs all round. The pinnace, being provided with an anchor, was
properly moored, and her elegant appearance quite altered the look of
our harbour, hitherto occupied only by the grotesque tub-boat, and flat
uninteresting raft.

Taking an ample supply of everything we should require at Falconhurst,
we were soon comfortably reestablished in that charming abode, its
peaceful shade seeming more delightful than ever, after the heat and
hard work we had lately undergone.

Several Sundays had passed during our stay at Tentholm, and the
welcome Day of Rest now returned again, to be observed with heartfelt
devotion and grateful praise. I did not attempt too much in the form of
preaching, as I could not have secured the attention of my hearers to
any long-winded discourses, but they were interested in the Bible
reading and simple instructions I drew from it, and their young voices
joined sweetly in favorite hymns, which my wife sang from memory.

In the evening, I desired my boys to let me see their dexterity in
athletic exercises, such as running, leaping, wrestling, and climbing;
telling them that they must keep up the practise of these things, so as
to grow strong active men, powerful to repel and cope with danger, as
well as agile and swift-footed to escape from it.

No man can be really courageous and self-reliant without an inward
consciousness of physical power and capability.

`I want to see my sons strong, both morally and physically,' said I;
`that means, little Franz,' as the large blue eyes looked inquiringly
up at me, `brave to do what is good and right, and to hate evil, and
strong to work, hunt and provide for themselves and others, and to
fight if necessary.'

On the following day, the boys seeming disposed to carry out my wishes
by muscular exercise of all sorts, I encouraged them by saying, I meant
to prepare a curious new weapon for them, only they must promise not to
neglect the practise of archery: as to their guns, I had no reason to
fear they would be laid aside.

Taking a long cord, I attached a leaden bullet to each end, and had
instantly to answer a storm of questions as to what this could possibly
be for.

`This is a miniature lasso,' said I. `The Mexicans, Patagonians, and
various tribes of South America, make use of this weapon in hunting,
with marvellous dexterity, only, having no bullets, they fasten stones
to their ropes, which are immensely longer than this. One end is swung
round and round the mounted hunter's head, and then cast with skill and
precision towards the animal he wishes to strike; immediately drawing
it back, he can repeat the blow, and either kill or wound his prey.

`Frequently, however, the intention is to take the animal, wild horse,
or buffalo, or whatever it may be, alive; and in that case, the lasso
is thrown, while riding in hot pursuit, in such a way as to make the
stone twist many times round the neck, body or legs of the fugitive,
arresting him even in full career.'

`Oh, father, what a splendid contrivance! Will you try it now? There is
the donkey, father! Do catch the donkey.'

Not at all certain of my powers, I declined to practise upon a live
subject, but consented to make a trial of skill by aiming at the stump
of a tree at no great distance.

My success surpassed my own expectations; the stump was entwined by the
cord in such a way as to leave no doubt whatever as to the feasibility
of the wonderful performances I described; and I was assailed by
petitions from the boys, each anxious to possess a lasso of his own,
without a moment's delay.

As the manufacture was simple, their wishes were speedily gratified,
and lasso-practise became the order of the day.

Fritz, who was the most active and adroit, besides having, of course,
the greatest muscular strength, soon became skilled in the art.

That night a change came over the weather, and early next morning I
perceived that a gale of wind was getting up. From the height of our
trees I could see that the surface of the sea was in violent agitation.

It was with no small satisfaction that I thought of our hard-won
pinnace, safely moored in the harbour, and recollected that there was
nothing to call us to the wreck for the next few days.

My attention was by no means monopolized by my sons and their
amusements. The good mother had much to show me demanding my approval,
advice, or assistance, as the case might be.

A good supply of wild pigeons and ortolans had been snared, partly
cooked and preserved in lard. Of these she showed me her small cask
well filled.

Then the nests of various pairs of tame pigeons were exhibited, but her
chief care was the unpromising condition of her dear little fruit
trees, for, having been forgotten, they were so dry and withered, that
unless planted without further delay, she feared we should lose them.

This needful work we set about, therefore, at once, proposing
afterwards an excursion to the Calabash Wood, in order to manufacture a
large supply of vessels and utensils of all sorts and sizes.

Every one was inclined for this expedition; consequently the planting
of the orchard was carried on with surprising vigour, but was not
completed until towards evening; and then all sorts of arrangements
were made for an early start next day. My wife and Franz were to be of
the party, and their equipment took some time, for we meant to make a
grand family excursion attended by our domestic pets and servants!

By sunrise we were all astir, and everything quickly made ready for a

The sledge loaded with ammunition and baskets of provisions, and drawn
by the donkey, was to be used for carrying home our gourd
manufactures, as well as any other prize we might fall in with.

Turk, as usual, headed the procession, clad in his coat of mail.

Then came the boys with their guns and game-bags. Their mother and I
followed, and behind trotted Juno not in very good spirits, poor
dog!--because Master Knips, who had no idea of being left alone, must
needs ride on her back.

On this occasion I took two guns with me, one loaded with shot for
game, another with ball for our defence against beasts of prey.

Flamingo Marsh was quickly crossed, and the magnificent country beyond
lay extended in all its beauty and fertility before our eyes. It was
new to my wife and two of the boys, and the lovely prospect enchanted

Here Fritz and Jack turned aside into the bush, where presently loud
barking was followed by the quick report of a gun, and a large bird,
which had risen from the thicket, fell heavily to the ground before us.

Far from resigning itself, however, to death or captivity, it sprang to
its feet, and, unable to fly, rushed away with extraordinary speed,
hotly pursued by the excited dog, while Fritz ran panting in the same
direction, and Juno, eager to join the chase, sprang aside so suddenly,
that her rider was flung unceremoniously on the sand, as she darted to
intercept the retreat of the active bird. This she cleverly
accomplished, but its defence was maintained so fiercely, as it struck
out with its powerful legs and sharp claws, that neither Fritz nor the
dogs could master it.

I hastened to their assistance, and found Juno holding on nobly by the
wing she had seized, while the bird, which proved to be a magnificent
bustard, struggled and fought fiercely. Watching my opportunity, I
threw a large handkerchief over it, and with difficulty succeeded in
binding its legs and wings. It was borne in triumph to the rest of our
party, who meantime had been reclining on the sand.

`What have you got?'

`What has Fritz shot?' cried the boys, starting up at our approach.

`A bustard! Oh, that is splendid!'

`To be sure, it is the one we missed that day, don't you remember,
mother? Ah, ha! Old fellow, you are done for this time!' said Jack.

`I think this is a hen bustard, it is the mother bird,' said Ernest.

`Ah, yes, poor thing!' exclaimed my wife, in a tone of concern. `It is
most likely the same, and I know she had a brood of young birds, and
now they will be left unprotected and miserable. Had we not better let
her go?'

`Why, my dear, kind-hearted wife, that was weeks and weeks ago! Those
little birds are all strong and big by this time, and I daresay Mrs.
Bustard here has forgotten all about them. Besides, she is badly
wounded, and we must try to cure the hurt. If we succeed, she will be a
valuable addition to our poultry-yard; if we cannot, you shall roast
her for dinner.'

Resuming our march, we next arrived at the Monkey Grove, which was the
scene of the tragicomic adventure by which Fritz became the guardian of
the orphan ape.

While he amused us all by a lively and graphic description of the
scene, Ernest was standing apart under a splendid cocoanut palm,
gazing in fixed admiration at the grand height of the stem, and its
beautiful graceful crown of leaves. The cluster of nuts beneath these
evidently added interest to the spectacle, for, drawing quietly near
him, I heard a long-drawn sigh, and the words:

`It's awfully high! I wish one would fall down!' Scarcely had he
uttered these words, than, as if by magic, down plumped a huge nut at
his feet.

The boy was quite startled, and sprang aside, looking timidly upwards,
when, to my surprise, down came another.

`Why, this is just like the fairy tale of the wishing-cap!' cried
Ernest. `My wish is granted as soon as formed!'

`I suspect the fairy in this instance is more anxious to pelt us and
drive us away, than to bestow dainty gifts upon us,' said I. `I think
there is most likely a cross-grained old ape sitting up among those
shadowy leaves and branches.'

We examined the nuts, thinking they were perhaps old ones, and had
fallen, in consequence, naturally, but they were not even quite ripe.

Anxious to discover what was in the tree, we all surrounded it, gaping
and gazing upwards with curious eyes.

`Hollo! I see him!' shouted Fritz presently. `Oh, a hideous creature!
What can it be? Flat, round, as big as a plate, and with a pair of
horrid claws! Here he comes! He is going to creep down the tree!'

At this, little Franz slipped behind his mother, Ernest took a glance
round to mark a place of retreat, Jack raised the butt-end of his gun,
and every eye was fixed on the trunk of the tree, down which a large
land-crab commenced a leisurely descent. As it approached within reach,
Jack hit at it boldly, when it suddenly dropped the remaining distance,
and opening its great claws, sidled after him with considerable
rapidity, upon which he fairly turned tail and ran.

We all burst into a roar of laughter, which soon made him face about,
and then, to our infinite amusement, the little fellow prepared for a
fresh onset; laying down all he was carrying, pulling off his jacket
and spreading it wide out in both hands, he returned to the charge,
suddenly threw his garment over the creature, wrapped it well round it,
and then pummelled it with all the strength of his fists.

For a few minutes I could do nothing but laugh, but then running to him
with my hatchet, I struck several sharp blows on his bundle, which we
opened carefully, and found within the land-crab perfectly dead.

`Well, this is an ugly rascal!' cried Jack. `If he hadn't been so
hideous, I should not have dealt so severely with him. I wasn't a bit
afraid. What is the creature's name?'

`This is a crab, a land-crab,' said I, `of which there are many
varieties, and this, I think, is called a cocoanut crab, or at least it
deserves the name, for it is evidently very fond of eating these nuts,
since it takes the trouble to climb the trees for them; the difficulty
of getting at the kernel, too, is considerable. You showed no little
presence of mind, Jack, when you thought of catching it in your jacket;
in fact it might have been more than a match for you otherwise, for
some are most determined fighters, and are very swift too. Now let us
take it, as well as the nuts, to the sledge, and go on our way.'

Progress became difficult, for we were constantly stopped in passing
through the wood, by having to cut away the hanging boughs and creeping
plants which interlaced them. Ernest was behind, and by and by called
me back to see what proved to be an important discovery; from the
several stalks of one of these creepers flowed clear cold water, and I
recognized the 'liane rouge', which is known in America, and is so
precious to the thirsty hunter or traveller.

This is truly one of God's good gifts to man! The boys were much
delighted with this curious plant. `Only fancy, mother,' said Ernest,
as he showed it to her, `how cheering and refreshing to find this if
one were lost and alone in a vast forest, wandering for days and days
without being near a proper spring of water.'

`But are you certain it is safe to drink this?' asked she. I assured
her it was so, and advised the boys to cut enough to quench the thirst
of the whole party, including our animals. This they did, only finding
it necessary, as with the sugar canes, to cut air holes above the

After struggling onward for a short time, we emerged from the thickets
into open ground, and saw the calabash trees in the distance. As we
drew near, their curious appearance and singular fruit caused much
surprise and also amusement, for we were speedily established among the
trees, where, as I chose and cut down the gourds most likely to be
useful, every one engaged merrily in the work of cutting, carving,
sawing and scooping some manner of dish, bowl, cup, jar or platter,
according to his several taste or ability.

We were to dine here, and after a time Fritz and Jack began to prepare
a fireplace, their great ambition being to heat the stones red hot, and
cook the crab in a hollow gourd. Their mother, therefore, left them to
their own devices, and attended to the hungry animals, unharnessing the
ass to graze, and giving cocoanut milk to the poor little monkey, who
had been obliged to travel in a covered basket for some time, lest he
should be lost in the woods. The wounded bustard had been completely
forgotten, and from heat and thirst was suffering greatly until her
friendly care revived it, and it was tied to a tree and allowed to move
about, its fierce spirit greatly tamed by adversity.

The cooking operations came to a stand soon after the fire was
lighted, for it appeared that we had no more water in the jars we had
brought, so the boys proposed to go in search of a spring. I agreed to
accompany them; Ernest also wished to join us, and as our intention was
to examine merely the surrounding wood, I saw no objection to leaving
their mother and Franz for a short time.

Very soon after our exploration began, Ernest, who was in front,
turned with a face of terror, shouting, `A wild boar! An immense wild
boar, father! Do come quick!'

And, sure enough, I heard a loud snorting and puffing as some large
animal passed hastily through the thick underwood beyond us. `After
him, lads, after him!' cried I, hurrying forwards. `Call the dogs!
Stand ready to fire!' And we pressed through the bushes to the spot
where Ernest had seen the creature.

The ground was grubbed up, and some potatoes lay about, showing that we
had disturbed him at his mid-day meal. Ernest and Jack were more
disposed to gather the roots than to follow up the chase. Fritz and I
alone went after the dogs, who eagerly pushed on, and by the sounds we
heard had evidently attacked the boar at no great distance. Terrific
barking, snarling and grunting, guided us to the scene of action, and
we beheld our mastiffs one on each side of a large respectable-looking
pig, holding on by the great ears, while the animal, on seeing us,
appeared rather to beseech our interference than to propose to offer a
desperate resistance.

In a moment the truth became apparent! The captive grunter was no
fierce native of the forest, but our own runaway sow! Our excitement
had been wound to so high a pitch, that the discovery was quite a
shock, and we felt half angry with the creature who had disappointed
us; then the absurdity of the whole thing made us laugh heartily, and
calling off the dogs, the old lady was released from her ignominious

Our laughter resounding through the wood, brought Ernest and Jack from
their potatoes, to see what was going on.

`Much use you two would have been suppose we had required help,' cried
Fritz, as they too recognized their old friend.

`Ah, well, you see,' returned Jack, `Ernest and I had a sort of a kind
of presentiment that this was going to be the old sow. And just look at
our fine potatoes!'

A good deal of joking on the subject ensued, but was interrupted by
Ernest, who drew our attention to fruit resembling apples on the
surrounding bushes, and on the grass beneath them.

The sow was making amends for the fright and pain she had endured by
munching and crunching this fruit at a great rate. Fritz feared that it
might be the poisonous manchineel, against which I once warned them,
but on examining it, I was induced to pronounce a more favourable
opinion, and we collected a quantity in hopes that, if the monkey
approved of it as well as the old sow, we might be able to enjoy a
feast ourselves.

All this time not a drop of water had we seen, and our own thirst
increasing, we felt eager to procure some before returning to our

Jack preceded us, and we made our way towards a high rock, which rose
above the thickets, when he suddenly startled us by a loud cry of `A
crocodile! Father! Father! A crocodile!'

`Nonsense, boy! A crocodile of all things, in this dry, parched
forest, where we can't get so much as a mouthful of water!'

On advancing to where Jack stood, I perceived that his mistake was not
so very silly after all, for I beheld an iguana, one of the largest of
the lizard species, and a truly formidable-looking fellow. I was glad
to assure Jack that the strange creature he had found was perfectly
harmless, and that its flesh being esteemed a delicacy, it would be a
valuable prize to carry back with us.

In another moment Fritz would have fired, but arresting his
hand--`Your shot,' I said, `would probably only wound the animal, and
being extremely tenacious of life, it would certainly escape us; we
must gain possession of the sleeping beauty by a gentler method.'

`You are not going to kiss it, are you, father?' asked Jack, with a
grin. I tried to rebuke him for his impertinence, but, failing, I
commenced operations. I first attached a cord and running-noose to a
stout stick, and holding a light switch in my other hand, I began to
approach the creature with soft, slow steps, while the boys looked on
with the utmost curiosity.

Presently I began very softly to whistle a sweet, yet very lively air,
which I continued more and more distinctly as I drew near the lizard;
until, awaking, it seemed to listen with pleasure--raising its head as
though better to catch the sounds, or to discover whence they came.

When near enough, I began gently to stroke and tickle him with the
wand, continuing to whistle the prettiest tunes I could think of; and
the lizard gave signs of pleasurable contentment, stretching his limbs
and moving his tail in token of enjoyment.

Suddenly, availing myself of a movement of his head, I cast the noose
over it, drew the cord tight and, placing my foot on the body, I was
about to kill it by piercing the nostril--almost the only vulnerable
part in this singular reptile--when Jack received such a slap from its
tail, which it was furiously driving in all directions, as sent him
rolling over like a nine-pin.

At the same time he opened his jaws, when the boys took fright at the
row of sharp teeth, and thinking that the sooner he was dead the
better, were for battering him with sticks; but I assuring them my
method would kill him more quickly and without pain, thrust my rod into
his nostril, on which the blood flowed and the lizard soon expired.

The boys seemed to think me as wonderful a person as a snake-charmer,
and the success of my stratagem, as well as of the means by which the
lizard was slain, called forth great admiration, since they never had
heard of the animal, nor of the method of capturing it so commonly
practised in the West Indies.

Now came the question of how we were to carry this unwieldy burden. I
had a great dislike to killing any creature and leaving it useless
behind me; so, without more ado, I fairly took it on my back, and
marched off with it.

As we came towards the Calabash Wood, we could hear the voices of the
deserted mother and child calling us in anxious tones; for indeed our
protracted absence alarmed them. We shouted joyously in reply, and our
appearance, as we issued from the woods, afforded them welcome relief
from their fears, although the dreadful creature on my back startled
them not a little.

There was so much to tell, so much to be seen, that for a time hunger
and thirst were forgotten; and no one thought even of the water we had
vainly gone in search of, until Master Knips, having slyly possessed
himself of some of our new-found apples, was discovered munching away
and enjoying them amazingly--which instantly gave the boys a strong
wish to eat some also; and as the bustard likewise pecked at them
without hesitation, I felt sure there could be no danger; and on
tasting them, I concluded it was the fruit of the guava, a West Indian
plant, which we were delighted to have.

Although refreshing, this fruit rather sharpened than appeased our
appetites, and we were glad to eat the provisions we had brought from
home, without waiting to cook anything, as we had originally intended.

It was, in fact, high time to move homewards, and we thought it best
not to encumber ourselves with the sledge and the greater part of its
load, but to leave it until the next day. The ass was laden with the
iguana and the bustard; and little Franz, tired as he was, looked in
vain for a spare seat on its back.

Our road home lay through a majestic forest of oak trees, beneath
which lay numberless acorns, some of which we gathered as we went
along; and at length, before night closed in, we all reached
Falconhurst in safety. When supper was ready, we were thankful to
recruit our exhausted strength by eating heartily of a piece of
broiled iguana, with potatoes and roast acorns, which tasted like
excellent chestnuts.

Chapter 7

The first thing to be done on the following day was to return to the
Calabash Wood, to fetch the sledge with the dishes, bowls and baskets
we had made.

Fritz alone accompanied me. I desired the other boys to remain with
their mother, intending to explore beyond the chain of rocky hills, and
thinking a large party undesirable on the occasion.

Passing through the wood of evergreen oaks, we observed our sow
feasting on the acorns, evidently not a whit the worse for the fright
we had given her the previous day--in fact, she appeared more friendly
disposed towards us than usual, possibly considering us as her
deliverers from the jaws of the savage dogs.

Many birds tenanted this grove, and were undisturbed by our movements,
until Fritz fired and shot a beautiful blue jay, and a couple of
parakeets, one a brilliant scarlet, the other green and gold. Fritz was
in the act of reloading his gun, when an unaccountable noise struck our
ears, and put us instantly on the alert, because it appeared like the
dull thumping sound of a muffled drum, and reminded us of the possible
presence of savages.

With the greatest caution we drew nearer the sound, concealing
ourselves among the low bushes and thick grass and creepers, until we
reached an open glade; where, standing on an old prostrate log, was a
beautiful bird, about the size of a cock, of a rich chestnut brown
colour, finely mottled with dark brown and grey. On the shoulders were
curious tufts of velvety black feathers, glossed with green. He was
ruffling his wings, erecting his tail and neck feathers, strutting and
wheeling about in a most strange and stately fashion.

After manoeuvring for some time in this manner, greatly to the
edification of a party of birds resembling him but without any ruff,
who, assembled round the stump, were enjoying his performances, he
spread out his tail like a fan, stiffened his wings, and began to
strike with them in short, rapid beats, faster and faster, until a
rumbling sound like very distant thunder was produced, and the whirring
wings enveloped him as in a cloud.

This was the drumming noise which had alarmed us, increased, as I
imagine, by the wing strokes falling at times on the decayed and
hollow stump on which the curious pantomime was acted.

I was watching it with the utmost interest, when a shot from behind me
was fired, and in a moment the play was at an end; my over-hasty son
had changed the pretty comedy into a sad and needless tragedy. The
enthusiastic drummer fell dead from his perch, and the crowd of
admiring companions fled in dismay.

The cruel interruption of a scene so rare and remarkable annoyed me
extremely, and I blamed Fritz for firing without my leave. I felt sure
the bird was the ruffed grouse, and a very fine specimen.

We placed it on the ass, which was patiently awaiting our return, and
went on our way.

The sledge was quite safe where we had left it; it was early in the
day, and I resolved to explore, as I had intended, the line of cliff
and rocky hills, which, at more or less distance from the seashore,
extended the whole length of coast known or visible to us.

I desired to discover an opening, if any existed, by which to
penetrate the interior of the country, or to ascertain positively that
we were walled in and isolated on this portion of the coast. Leaving
Calabash Wood behind us, we advanced over ground covered with manioc,
potatoes and many plants unknown to us; pleasant streamlets watered the
fruitful soil, and the view on all sides was open and agreeable.

Some bushes attracted my notice, loaded with small white berries, of
peculiar appearance like wax, and very sticky when plucked. I
recognized in this a plant called by botanists Myrica cerifera, and
with much pleasure explained to Fritz that, by melting and straining
these berries, we might easily succeed in making candles, and afford
very great satisfaction to his mother, who did not at all approve of
having to lay her work aside and retire to rest the moment the sun set.

The greenish wax to be obtained would be more brittle than bees' wax,
but it would burn very fairly, and diffuse an agreeable perfume. Having
the ass with us, we lost no time in gathering berries enough to fill
one of the large canvas bags he carried, and we then continued our

Very soon we met with another natural curiosity, the curious
appearance of which surprised us much. This was the abode, under one
roof, of a whole colony of birds, about the size of yellowhammers, but
of plain brown plumage. The nests were built in a mass round the stem
and among the branches of a tree standing alone, and a kind of roof
formed of grass, straws and fibres covered them all, and sheltered the
community from rain and the heat of the sun.

There were numbers of openings into the irregular sides of the group of
dwellings, the nests resembling different apartments in a house common
to all; twigs and small branches emerged here and there from the walls,
and served as perches for the young birds, and resting-places and posts
of observation for all. The general appearance of the establishment
reminded us of a huge bath-sponge.

The feathered inhabitants swarmed in and out by thousands, and we saw
among them many beautiful little parrots, who seemed in many instances
to contest possession of the nest with the lawful owners.

Fritz, being an expert climber and exceedingly anxious to examine the
nests more closely, ascended the tree, hoping to obtain one or two
young birds, if any were hatched. He put his hand into several holes,
which were empty; but at last his intended theft and robbery met with
repulse and chastisement he little expected; for, reaching far back
into a nest, his finger was seized and sharply bitten by a very strong
beak, so that with a cry he withdrew his hand, and shook it vigorously
to lessen the pain.

Recovering from the surprise, he again and more resolutely seized the
unkind bird, and, despite its shrieks and screams, drew it from its
retreat, crammed it into his pocket, buttoned up his coat and slid
quickly to the ground, pursued by numbers of the captive's relations,
who darted from the other holes and flew round the robber, screeching
and pecking at him in a rage.

Fritz's prize was not one of the real owners of the nests, which were
those of the sociable grosbeak, but a very pretty, small, green parrot,
with which he was greatly pleased, and which he at once determined to
tame and teach to speak; for the present, it was carefully remanded to
prison in his pocket.

This curious colony of birds afforded us matter of conversation as we
went on our way; their cheerful sociable habits, and the instinct which
prompted them to unite in labour for the common good, appearing most
wonderful to us.

`Examples of the kind, however,' said I, `are numerous, in various
classes of animals. Beavers, for instance, build and live together in a
very remarkable way. Among insects, bees, wasps, and ants are well
known as social architects; in like manner, the coral insect works
wonders beneath the ocean waves, by force of perseverance and united

`I have often watched ants at work,' said Fritz; `it is most amusing to
see how they carry on the various works and duties of their

`Have you ever noticed how much trouble they take with the eggs?'
inquired I, to see how far he understood the process; `carrying them
about in the warmth of the sun until they are hatched?'

`Ah! That is rather the chrysalis of the antworm, or larva, which is
produced from an egg. I know they are called ants' eggs, but strictly
speaking, that is incorrect.'

`You are perfectly right, my boy. Well, if you have taken so much
interest in watching the little ants of your native country, how
delighted and astonished you would be to see the wonders performed by
the vast tribes of large ants in foreign lands.

`Some of these build heaps or nests, four or six feet high and
proportionately broad, which are so strong and firm that they defy
equally sunshine and rain. They are, within, divided into regular
streets, galleries, vaults, and nurseries. So firmly are these mounds
built, that with interior alterations, a deserted one might be used for
a baking-oven.

`The ant, although respected since the days of King Solomon as a model
of industry, is not in itself an attractive insect.

`It exudes a sticky moisture, its smell is unpleasant, and it destroys
and devours whatever eatable comes in its way. Although in our own
country it does little harm, the large ants of foreign lands are most
destructive and troublesome; it being very difficult to check their
depredations. Fortunately they have enemies by whose exertions their
numbers are kept down; birds, other insects, and even four-footed
beasts prey upon them.

`Chief among the latter is the ant-eater, or tamanoir, of South
America, a large creature six or seven feet in length, covered with
long coarse hair, drooping like a heavy plume over the hind quarters.
The head is wonderfully elongated and very narrow; it is destitute of
teeth, and the tongue resembles somewhat a large great red earth-worm.
It has immensely strong curved claws, with which it tears and breaks
down and scratches to pieces the hard walls of the ant-heaps; then,
protruding its sticky tongue, it coils and twists it about among the
terrified millions disturbed by its attack; they adhere to this
horrible invader, and are drawn irresistibly backward into the hungry,
toothless jaws awaiting them.

`The little ant-eater is not more than about twenty-one inches in
length, has a shorter and more natural looking head, and fine silky
fur. It usually lives in trees.'

I was pleased to find my memory served me so well on this subject, as
it interested my boy amazingly; and occupied us for a considerable time
while we traveled onward.

Arriving presently at a grove of tall trees, with very strong, broad,
thick leaves, we paused to examine them; they bore a round fig-like
fruit, full of little seeds and of a sour harsh taste.

Fritz saw some gummy resin exuding from cracks in the bark, and it
reminded him of the boyish delight afforded by collecting gum from
cherry-trees at home, so that he must needs stop to scrape off as much
as he could. He rejoined me presently, attempting to soften what he had
collected in his hands; but finding it would not work like gum, he was
about to fling it away, when he suddenly found that he could stretch
it, and that it sprang back to its original size.

`Oh father, only look! This gum is quite elastic! Can it possibly be

`What!' cried I, `Let me see it! A valuable discovery that would be,
indeed; and I do believe you are perfectly right!'

`Why would it be so very valuable, father?' inquired Fritz. `I have
only seen it used for rubbing out pencil marks.'

`India-rubber,' I replied, `or, more properly, caoutchouc, is a milky
resinous juice which flows from certain trees in considerable
quantities when the stem is purposely tapped.

`These trees are indigenous to the South American countries of Brazil,
Guiana, and Cayenne. The natives, who first obtained it, used it to
form bottles by smearing earthen flasks with repeated coatings of the
gum when just fresh from the trees, and when hardened and sufficiently
thick, they broke the mold, shook out the fragments, and hung the
bottles in the smoke, when they became firmer, and of a dark color.

`While moist, the savages were in the habit of drawing rude figures and
lines on the resin by way of adornment; these marks you may have
observed, for the bottles obtained from the natives by the Spaniards
and Portuguese have for years been brought to Europe, and cut into
portions to be sold for use in drawing. Caoutchouc can be put to many
uses, and I am delighted to have it here, as we shall, I hope, be able
to make it into different forms; first and foremost, I shall try to
manufacture boots and shoes.'

Soon after making this discovery, we reached the cocoanut wood, and saw
the bay extending before us, and the great promontory we called Cape
Disappointment, which hitherto had always bounded our excursions. In
passing through the wood, I remarked a smaller sort of palm, which,
among its grand companions, I had not previously noticed. One of these
had been broken by the wind, and I saw that the pith had a peculiar
mealy appearance, and I felt convinced that this was the world-renowned

In the pith I saw some fat worms or maggots, and suddenly recollected
that I had heard of them before as feeding on the sago, and that in the
West Indies they are eaten as a delicacy.

I felt inclined to try what they tasted like; so at once kindling a
fire, and placing some half dozen, sprinkled with salt, on a little
wooden spit, I set them to roast.

Very soon rich fat began to drop from them, and they smelt so
temptingly good, that all repugnance to the idea of eating worms
vanished; and, putting one like a pat of butter on a baked potato, I
boldly swallowed it, and liked it so much, that several others followed
in the same way. Fritz also summoned courage to partake of this novel
food; which was a savoury addition to our dinner of baked potatoes.

Being once more ready to start, we found so dense a thicket in the
direct route, that we turned aside without attempting to penetrate it,
and made our way towards the sugar-brake near Cape Disappointment. This
we could not pass without cutting a handsome bundle of sugar-canes, and
the donkey carried that, in addition to the bag of wax berries.

In time we reached the sledge in Calabash Wood: the ass was unloaded,
everything placed on the sledge, and our patient beast began calmly and
readily to drag the burden he had hitherto borne on his back.

No further adventure befell us, and we arrived in the evening at
Falconhurst, where our welcome was as warm as usual--all we had to
tell, listened to with the greatest interest, all we had to show, most
eagerly examined, the pretty green parakeet enchanting the boys most

An excellent supper was ready for us, and with thankful hearts we
enjoyed it together; then, ascending to our tree-castle, and drawing up
the ladder after us, we betook ourselves to the repose well earned and
greatly needed after this fatiguing day.

The idea of candle-making seemed to have taken the fancy of all the
boys; and next morning they woke, one after the other, with the word
candle on their lips. When they were thoroughly roused they continued
to talk candles; all breakfast-time, candles were the subject of
conversation; and after breakfast they would hear of nothing else but
setting to work at once and making candles.

`So be it,' said I, `let us become chandlers.' I spoke confidently,
but, to tell the truth, I had in my own mind certain misgivings as to
the result of our experiment. In the first place, I knew that we lacked
a very important ingredient--animal fat, which is necessary to make
candles burn for any length of time with brilliancy. Besides this, I
rather doubted how far my memory would recall the various operations
necessary in the manufacture.

Of all this, however, I said nothing; and the boys, under my
direction, were soon at work. We first picked off the berries and
threw them into a large shallow iron vessel placed on the fire. The
green sweet-scented wax was rapidly melted, rising to the surface of
the juice yielded by the berries. This we skimmed off and placed in a
separate pot by the fire, ready for use, repeating the operation
several times, until we had collected sufficient liquid wax for our
purpose. I then took the wicks my wife had prepared, and dipped them
one after the other into the wax, handing them as I did so to Fritz,
who hung them up on a bush to dry.

The coating they thus obtained, was not very thick; but, by repeating
the operation several times, they at length assumed very fair
proportions, and became real sturdy candles. Our wax being at an end,
we hung these in a cool shady place to harden; and that same night we
sat up like civilized beings three whole hours after sunset, and
Falconhurst was for the first time brilliantly illuminated.

We were all delighted with the success of our experiment. `You are
indeed clever,' said my wife, `I only wish that with your ingenuity you
would show me how to make butter. Day after day, I have the annoyance
of seeing a large supply of good cream go bad under my very eyes,
simply because I have no use to which to put it. Invent a plan, please

`I think that perhaps I can help you,' I replied after a little
consideration, `not that I can claim the honour of the invention of my
plan, that is due to the Hottentots. I will see what I can do. Jack,
bring me one of our gourd bottles.'

I took the gourd, one of those I had previously prepared, with a small
hole at one end and well hollowed-out and cleaned; this I partially
filled with cream and then corked up the hole tightly.

`Here, boys,' said I, `you can continue the operation while I turn
carpenter and make a cart to take the place of our sledge.' I gave them
their directions, and then set about my own work.

They fixed four posts in the ground, and to them fastened a square
piece of sailcloth by four cords attached to the corners. In this
cradle they placed the gourd of cream, and each taking a side, rolled
it backwards and forwards continuously for half an hour.

`Now,' I cried, looking up from my work, `open the gourd and take the
contents to your mother, with my compliments.'

They did so; and my good wife's eyes were delighted with the sight of a
large lump of capital fresh butter.

With my son's assistance the cart was in time completed; a clumsy
vehicle it was, but strong enough for any purpose to which we might put
it, and, as it proved, of immense use to us in collecting the harvest.

We then turned our attention to our fruit trees, which we had planted
in a plot ready for transplanting. The walnut, cherry, and chestnut
trees we arranged in parallel rows so as to form a shady avenue from
Falconhurst to Family-bridge; and between them we laid down a tolerable
road, that we might have no difficulty in reaching Tentholm, be the
weather bad as it might.

We planted the vines round the arched roots of our great mangrove, and
the rest of the trees in suitable spots; some near Falconhurst, and
others away over Jackal river, to adorn Tentholm. Tentholm had been the
subject of serious thoughts to me for some time past, and I now turned
all my attention thither. It was not my ambition to make it beautiful,
but to form of it a safe place of refuge in a case of emergency.

My first care, therefore, was to plant a thick prickly hedge, capable
of protecting us from any wild animal, and forming a tolerable obstacle
to the attack of even savages, should they appear. Not satisfied with
this, however, we fortified the bridge, and on a couple of hillocks
mounted two guns which we brought from the wreck, and with whose angry
mouths we might bark defiance at any enemy, man or beast.

Six weeks slipped away while we were thus busily occupied, six weeks of
hard yet pleasant labour. We greeted each Sunday and its accompanying
rest most gratefully, and on that day always especially thanked God for
our continued health and safety.

I soon saw that this hard work was developing in the boys remarkable
strength, and this I encouraged by making them practise running,
leaping, climbing, and swimming; I also saw, however, that it was
having a less satisfactory effect upon their clothes, which, though a
short time before remarkably neat, were now, in spite of mending and
patching, most untidy and disreputable.

I determined, therefore, to pay another visit to the wreck, to
replenish our wardrobe and to see how much longer the vessel was
likely to hold together. Three of the boys and I went off in the
pinnace. The old ship seemed in much the same condition as when we had
left her, a few more planks had gone, but that was all.

`Come, boys,' cried I, `not an article of the slightest value must be
left on board; rummage her out to the very bottom of her hold.'

They took me at my word: sailors' chests, bales of cloth and linen, a
couple of small guns, ball and shot, tables, benches, window shutters,
bolts and locks, barrels of pitch, all were soon in a heap on the deck.
We loaded the pinnace and went on shore.

We soon returned with our tub-boat in tow, and after a few more trips
nothing was left on board.

`One more trip,' said I to my wife, before we started again, `and
there will be the end of the brave ship which carried us from
Switzerland. I have left two barrels of gunpowder on board, and mean to
blow her up.'

Before we lighted the fuse, I discovered a large copper cauldron which
I thought I might save. I made fast to it a couple of empty casks, that
when the ship went up it might float. The barrels were placed, the
train lighted, and we returned on shore.

The supper was laid outside the tent, at a spot from whence we might
obtain a good view of the wreck. Darkness came on. Suddenly a vivid
pillar of fire rose from the black waters, a sullen roar boomed across
the sea, and we knew that our good old ship was no more.

We had planned the destruction of the vessel, we knew that it was for
the best; and yet that night we went to bed with a feeling of sadness
in our hearts, as though we had lost a dear old friend.

Next morning all our sadness was dispelled, and it was with pleasure
that we saw the shore lined with a rich store of planks and beams, the
remnants of the wreck. I soon found, too, the copper cauldron which was
successfully floated by the casks; this I got on shore, and hauling it
up among the rocks, stored under it the powder casks we had landed the
day before.

Collecting all these valuables gave us some little trouble, and while
we were thus engaged my wife brought us good news. She had discovered
that two ducks and a goose had each reared a large family among the
reeds by the river; and they presently appeared waddling past us,
apparently vastly well-pleased with their performance. We greeted them

`Hurrah!' cried Ernest. `We'll be able to afford duck and green peas
some day soon, and imagine we're once more civilized mortals.'

The sight of these birds reminded me of our family at Falconhurst, and
I announced my intention of paying them a visit.

Everyone was delighted, and everyone would come with me. As we
approached Falconhurst I noticed that several young trees in our
avenue were considerably bent by the wind, and this resolved me to make
an expedition next day to cut bamboos for their support.

As Fritz was the only one besides myself who had visited Cape
Disappointment and the surrounding country, my wife and the younger
boys begged hard to be allowed to accompany me. I consented; and next
morning we started, bringing with us the cart, drawn by the cow and
ass, and laden with everything necessary for an expedition of several
days--a tent, provisions, a large supply of ammunition, and all sorts
of implements and utensils; for I intended to make a great collection
of fruits and the produce of different trees.

It was a lovely morning, and passing gaily through the plantations of
potatoes, manioc and cassavas, we came to the nests of the sociable
grosbeak, the sight of which charmed the children immensely.

We reached the wax trees, and there I called a halt, for I wished to
gather a sack or two of the berries that we might renew our stock of
candles. The berries were soon plucked; and I stored them away amongst
the bushes, marking the spot that we might find them on our return.

`Now for the caoutchouc tree,' said I, `now for waterproof boots and
leggings to keep your feet dry, Ernest.' To the caoutchouc tree we
directed our steps, and were soon busily engaged in stabbing the bark
and placing vessels beneath to catch the sap.

We again moved forward; and, crossing the palm wood, entered upon a
delightful plain bounded on one side by an extensive field of waving
sugar-cane, on the other by a thicket of bamboos and lovely palms,
while in front stretched the shining sea, calm and noiseless.

`How beautiful!' exclaimed Jack. `Let us pitch our tent here and stay
here always instead of living at Falconhurst. It would be jolly.'

`Very likely,' replied I, `and so would be the attacks of wild beasts;
imagine a great tiger lying in wait in the thicket yonder, and pouncing
out on us at night. No, no, thank you, I much prefer our nest in the
tree, or our impregnable position at Tentholm. We must make this our
headquarters for the present, however; for, though perhaps dangerous,
it is the most convenient spot we shall find. Call a halt and pitch the

Our beasts were quickly unyoked, the tent arranged, a large fire lit,
supper prepared, and we dispersed in various directions, some to cut
bamboos, and some to collect sugar-cane. We then returned; and, as
supper was still not quite ready and the boys were hungry, they decided
to obtain some cocoanuts. This time, however, no assistance was to be
had from either monkeys or land-crabs, and they gazed up with longing
eyes at the fruit above them.

`We can climb,' said Fritz, `up with you, boys.' Jack and he each
rushed at one of the smooth slippery trunks; right vigorously they
struggled upwards, but to no purpose; before they had accomplished one
quarter of the distance they found themselves slipping rapidly to the

`Here, you young athletes,' cried I, `I foresaw this difficulty, and
have provided for it.' So saying I held up buskins of shark's skin
which I had previously prepared, and which I now bound on to their
legs. Thus equipped they again attempted the ascent, and with a loop of
rope passed round their body and the trunk of the tree, quickly reached
the summit.

My wife joined me, and together we watched the boys as they ascended
tree after tree, throwing down the best fruit from each. They then
returned, and jestingly begged Ernest to produce the result of his
labour. The professor had been lying on the grass gazing at the palms;
but, on this sarcastic remark, he sprang to his feet. `Willingly,' he
exclaimed, and seizing a pair of buskins he quickly donned them.

`Give me a cocoanut shell,' said he. I gave him one, and he put it in
his pocket. He ran to a tree, and, with an agility which surprised us
all, quickly reached the top.

No sooner had he done so than Fritz and Jack burst into a roar of
laughter. He had swarmed a tree which bore no nuts. Ernest apparently
heard them; for, as it seemed in a fit of anger, he drew his knife and
severed the leafy crest, which fell to the ground. I glanced up at him,
surprised at such a display of temper. But a bright smile greeted me,
and in a merry tone he shouted:

`Jack, pick that palm-cabbage up and take it to father; that is only
half my contribution, and it is worth all your nuts put together.'

He spoke truly: the cabbage-palm is rare, and the tuft of leaves at its
summit is greatly prized by the South Americans for its great delicacy
and highly nutritive qualities.

`Bravo!' I cried. `You have retrieved your character; come down and
receive the thanks of the company, what are you waiting up there for?'

`I am coming presently,' he replied, `with the second half of my
contribution; I hope it will be as fully appreciated as the first.' In
a short time he slipped down the tree, and, advancing to his mother,
presented her with the nutshell he had taken up with him.

`Here,' he said, `is a wine which the greatest connoisseur would
prize. Taste it, mother.'

The shell was filled with a clear rosy liquor, bright and sparkling.

My wife tasted it. `Excellent, excellent,' she exclaimed. `Your very
good health, my dear boy!'

We drank the rosy wine in turn, and Ernest received hearty thanks from

It was getting late, and while we were enjoying our supper before our
tent, our donkey, who had been quietly browsing near us, suddenly set
up a loud bray, and, without the least apparent cause, pricked up his
ears, threw up his heels, and galloped off into the thicket of bamboos.
We followed for a short distance, and I sent the dogs in chase, but
they returned without our friend, and, as it was late, we were obliged
to abandon the chase.

I was annoyed by this incident, and even alarmed; for not only had we
lost the ass, but I knew not what had occasioned his sudden flight. I
knew not whether he was aware, by instinct, of the approach of some
fierce wild beast. I said nothing of this to my family, but, making up
an unusually large fire, I bade them sleep with their weapons by their
sides, and we all lay down.

A bright morning awoke us early, and I rose and looked out, thinking
that perhaps our poor donkey might have been attracted by the light of
the fires, and have returned. Alas, not a sign of him was to be seen.
As we could not afford to lose so valuable a beast, I determined to
leave no attempt untried to regain him.

We hurriedly breakfasted, and, as I required the dogs to assist me in
the search, I left my elder sons to protect their mother, and bade Jack
get ready for a day's march. This arrangement delighted him, and we
quickly set out.

For an hour or more we trudged onwards, directed by the print of the
ass's hoofs. Sometimes we lost the track for a while, and then again
discovered it as we reached softer soil. Finally this guide failed us
altogether, for the donkey seemed to have joined in with a herd of some
larger animals, with whose hoof-prints his had mingled.

I now almost turned back in despair, but Jack urged me to continue the
search. `For,' said he, `if we once get upon a hill we shall see such a
large herd as this must be at almost any distance. Do let us go on,

I consented, and we again pushed forwards, through bushes, and over
torrents, sometimes cutting our way with an axe, and sometimes plunging
knee-deep through a swamp. We at length reached the border of a wide
plain, and on it, in the distance, I could see a herd of animals,
browsing on the rich grass. It struck me that it might be the very herd
to which our good donkey had joined himself; and, wishing to ascertain
whether this was so, I resolved to make a detour through a bamboo
marsh, and get as near as possible to the animals without disturbing

The bamboos were huge, many of them over thirty feet in height; and, as
we made our way through them, I remembered an account of the giant cane
of South America, which is greatly prized by the Indians on account of
its extreme usefulness; the reeds themselves make masts for their
canoes, while each joint will form a cask or box.

I was delighted, for I had little doubt that the bamboos we were among
were of the same species. I explained this to Jack, and as we discussed
the possibility of cutting one down and carrying a portion of it home,
we reached the border of the marsh, and emerged upon the plain.

There we suddenly found ourselves face to face with the herd which we
sought--a herd of buffaloes. They looked up, and stared at us
inquisitively, but without moving. Jack would have fired, but I checked
him. `Back to the thicket,' I said, `and keep back the dogs!'

We began to retreat, but before we were again under cover, the dogs
joined us; and, in spite of our shouts and efforts to restrain them,
they dashed forwards, and seized a buffalo calf.

This was a signal to the whole herd to attack us. They bellowed
loudly, pawed the ground, and tore it up with their horns, and then
dashed madly towards us. We had not time to step behind a rock before
the leader was upon us. So close was he that my gun was useless. I drew
a pistol and fired. He fell dead at my feet.

His fall checked the advance of the rest. They halted, snuffed the air,
turned tail and galloped off across the plain. They were gone, but the
dogs still held gallantly to the calf. They dragged and tussled with
him, but with their utmost efforts could not bring him to the ground.

How to assist them without shooting the poor beast, I knew not; and
this I was unwilling to do, for I hoped that, if we could but capture
him alive, we might in time manage to tame him, and use him as a beast
of burden. Jack's clever little head, however, suddenly devised a plan
for their aid, and with his usual promptitude he at once put it into

He unwound the lasso, which was coiled round his body, and, as the
young bull flung up his heels, he cast it and caught him by his hind
legs. The noose drew tight, and in a twinkling the beast was upon the
ground. We fastened the other end of the cord round a stout bamboo,
called off the dogs, and the animal was at our mercy.

`Now we have got him,' said Jack, as he looked at the poor beast,
lying panting on the ground, `what are we to do with him?'

`I will show you,' said I; `help me to fasten his forelegs together,
and you shall see the next operation.'

The bull, thus secured, could not move; and while Jack held his head I
drew my knife and pierced the cartilage of his nose, and when the blood
flowed less freely, passed a stout cord through the hole. I felt some
repugnance at thus paining the animal, but it was a case of necessity,
and I could not hesitate. We united the ends of the cord, freed the
animal, set him upon his legs, and subdued and overawed, he followed us
without resistance.

I now turned my attention to the dead buffalo, but as I could not then
skin it, I contented myself with cutting off the most delicate parts,
its tongue, and a couple of steaks, and, packing them in salt in my
wallet, abandoned the rest to the dogs. They fell upon it greedily, and
we retired under the shade to enjoy a meal after our hard work.

The dogs, however, were not to have undisputed possession of the
carcase; vultures, crows and other birds of prey, with that marvellous
instinct which always leads them to a dead body, quickly filled the
air, and, with discordant cries, swooped down upon the buffalo. An
amusing contest ensued; the dogs again and again drove off the
intruders, and they, as often, returned reinforced by others who
swarmed to the spot. Jack, with his usual impetuosity, wished to send a
shot in amongst the robber band, but I prevented him, for I knew that
the bird or two he might kill would be of no use to us, while his shot
would not drive away the rest, even had we wished it.

Both we and the dogs were at length satisfied, and as it was getting
late, I determined to give up for the present the search for the ass,
and to return to our camp.

We again made our way through the bamboos, but before we left the
thicket, I cut down one of the smallest of the reeds, the largest of
whose joints would form capital little barrels, while those near the
tapering top would serve as moulds for our next batch of candles.

The buffalo, with a dog on either side and the rope through his nose,
was following us passively, and we presently induced him to submit to a
package of our goods laid upon his back. We pushed rapidly forward,
Jack eager to display our latest acquisition.

As we repassed the rocky bed of a stream we had crossed in the
morning, Juno dashed ahead, and was about to rush into a cleft between
the rocks, when the appearance of a large jackal suddenly checked her
further progress. Both dogs instantly flew at the animal, and though
she fought desperately, quickly overpowered and throttled her. From the
way the beast had shown fight, I concluded that her young must be close
by, probably within the very cleft Juno was about to enter.

Directly Jack heard this, he wished to creep in and bring out the
young jackals. I hesitated to allow him to do so, for I thought it
possible that the male jackal might be still lying in wait within the
cave. We peered into the darkness, and after a while, Jack declared he
could discern the little yellow jackals, and that he was quite sure the
old one was not there.

He then crept in, followed closely by the dogs, and presently emerged
bearing in his arms a handsome cub of a beautiful golden yellow and
about the size of a small cat. He was the only one of the brood he had
managed to save, for Turk and Juno, without pity for their youth or
beauty, had worried all the rest. I did not much regret this, however,
for I firmly believe that, had he saved them, Jack would have insisted
upon bringing up the whole litter. As it was I considered that one
jackal was, with our young bull, quite sufficient an addition to our

During the halt we had made, I had fastened the buffalo to a small
tree, and as I now was again about to move on, I recognized it as the
dwarf-palm, whose long sharp leaves form an excellent barrier if it is
planted as a hedge. I determined to return and get some young plants to
strengthen our hedge at Tentholm. It was late before we reached our
camp, where we found our family anxiously awaiting our return.

The sight of the new animals delighted the children immensely, and in
their opinion amply compensated for the loss of our poor donkey. Jack
had to answer a host of questions concerning their capture, and to give
a minute account of the affray with the buffaloes. This he did, with
graphic power certainly, but with so much boasting and
self-glorification, that I was obliged to check him, and give a plain
and unvarnished account of the affair.

Supper-time arrived, and as we sat at that meal, for which Jack and I
were heartily thankful, my wife and her party proceeded to give an
account of their day's work.

Ernest had discovered a sago-palm, and had, after much labour,
contrived to fell it. Franz and his mother had collected dry wood, of
which a huge heap now stood before the tent sufficient to keep up a
fire all the rest of the time we should stay on the spot.

Fritz had gone off shooting and had secured a good bag. While they had
been thus variously employed, a troop of apes had visited the tent, and
when they returned, they found the place ransacked and turned upside
down. The provisions were eaten and gnawed, the potatoes thrown about,
the milk drunk and spilt, every box had been peeped into, every pot and
pan had been divested of its lid, the palisade round the hut had been
partly destroyed, nothing had been left untouched.

Industriously had the boys worked to repair the damage, and when we
returned not a sign was to be seen of the disorder. No one would have
guessed what had occurred from the delicious supper we were eating.

After matters had been again arranged, Fritz had gone down to the
shore and, amongst the rocks at Cape Disappointment, had discovered a
young eaglet which Ernest declared to be a Malabar or Indian eagle; he
was much pleased with his discovery, and I recommended him to bring the
bird up and try to train it to hunt as a falcon.

`Look here though, boys,' said I, `you are now collecting a good many
pets, and I am not going to have your mother troubled with the care of
them all; each must look after his own, and if I find one neglected,
whether beast or bird, I set it at liberty. Mark that and remember it!'

My wife looked greatly relieved at this announcement, and the boys
promised to obey my directions. Before we retired for the night I
prepared the buffalo-meat I had brought; I lit a large fire of green
wood, and in the smoke of this thoroughly dried both the tongue and
steaks. We then properly secured all the animals, Jack took his little
pet in his arms, and we lay down and were soon fast asleep.

At daybreak we were on foot, and began to prepare for a return to

`You are not going to despise my sago, I hope,' said Ernest, `you have
no idea what a trouble it was to cut it down, and I have been thinking
too that if we could but split the tree, we might make a couple of long
useful troughs which might, I think, be made to carry water from Jackal
River to Tentholm. Is my plan worth consideration?'

`Indeed it is,' I replied, `and at all events we must not abandon such
a valuable prize as a sago-palm. I would put off our departure for a
day, rather than leave it behind.'

We went to the palm, and with the tools we had with us attempted to
split the trunk. We first sawed off the upper end, and then with an axe
and saw managed to insert a wedge. This accomplished, our task was less
difficult, for with a heavy mallet we forced the wedge in further and
further, until at length the trunk was split in twain. From one half of
the trunk we then removed the pith, disengaging it, with difficulty,
from the tough wood fibres; at each end, however, I left a portion of
the pith untouched, thus forming a trough in which to work the sago.

`Now, boys,' said I, when we had removed the pith from the other half
of the trunk, `off with your coats and turn up your shirt-sleeves; I am
going to teach you to knead.'

They were all delighted, and even little Franz begged to be allowed to
help. Ernest brought a couple of pitchers of water, and throwing it in
amongst the pith, we set to work right heartily. As the dough was
formed and properly kneaded, I handed it to my wife who spread it out
on a cloth in the sun to dry. This new occupation kept us busy until
the evening, and when it was at length completed we loaded the cart
with the sago, a store of cocoanuts and our other possessions, that we
might be ready to start early on the following morning.

As the sun rose above the horizon, we packed up our tent and set
forth, a goodly caravan. I thought it unfair to the cow to make her
drag such a load as we now had alone, and determined if possible to
make the young buffalo take the place of our lost donkey; after some
persuasion he consented, and soon put his strength to the work and
brought the cart along famously. As we had the trough slung under the
cart we had to choose the clearest possible route, avoiding anything
like a thicket; we, therefore, could not pass directly by the
candleberry and caoutchouc trees, and I sent Ernest and Jack aside to
visit the store we had made on our outward journey.

They had not long been gone when I was alarmed by a most terrible
noise accompanied by the furious barking of the dog and shouts from
Jack and Ernest. Thinking that the boys had been attacked by some wild
beast, I ran to their assistance.

A most ludicrous scene awaited me when I reached the spot. They were
dancing and shouting round and round a grassy glade, and I as nearly as
possible followed their example, for in the centre, surrounded by a
promising litter, lay our old sow, whose squeals, previously so
alarming, were now subsiding into comfortable grunts of recognition.

I did not join my boys in their triumphal dance, but I was
nevertheless very much pleased at the sight of the flourishing family,
and immediately returned to the cart to obtain biscuits and potatoes
for the benefit of the happy mother. Jack and Ernest meanwhile pushed
further on, and brought back the sack of candleberries and the
caoutchouc, and as we could not then take the sow with us, we left her
alone with her family and proceeded to Falconhurst.

The animals were delighted to see us back again, and received us with
manifestations of joy, but looked askance at the new pets.

The eagle especially came in for shy glances, and promised to be no
favourite. Fritz, however, determined that his pet should at present do
no harm, secured him by the leg to a root of the fig-tree and uncovered
his eyes. In a moment the aspect of the bird was changed; with his
sight returned all his savage instincts, he flapped his wings, raised
his head, darted to the full length of his chain, and before anyone
could prevent him seized the unfortunate parrot which stood near, and
tore it to pieces. Fritz's anger rose at the sight, and he was about to
put an end to the savage bird.

`Stop,' said Ernest, `don't kill the poor creature, he is but
following his natural instincts; give him to me, and I will tame him.'

Fritz hesitated. `No, no,' he said, `I don't want really to kill the
bird, but I can't give him up; tell me how to tame him, and you shall
have Master Knips.'

`Very well,' replied Ernest, `I will tell you my plan, and, if it
succeeds, I will accept Knips as a mark of your gratitude. Take a pipe
and tobacco, and send the smoke all round his head, so that he must
inhale it; by degrees he will become stupefied, and his savage nature
from that moment subdued.'

Fritz was rather inclined to ridicule the plan, but knowing that
Ernest generally had a good reason for anything of the sort that he
proposed, he consented to make the attempt. He soon seated himself
beneath the bird, who still struggled furiously, and puffed cloud after
cloud upwards, and as each cloud circled round the eagle's head he
became quieter and quieter, until he sat quite still, gazing stupidly
at the young smoker.

`Capital!' cried Fritz, as he hooded the bird, `capital, Ernest; Knips
is yours.'

Chapter 8

Next morning the boys and I started with the cart laden with our
bundles of bamboos to attend to the avenue of fruit trees. The buffalo
we left behind, for his services were not needed, and I wished the
wound in his nostrils to become completely cicatrized before I again
put him to work.

We were not a moment too soon; many of the young trees which before
threatened to fall had now fulfilled their promise, and were lying
prostrate on the ground, others were bent, some few only remained
erect. We raised the trees, and digging deeply at their roots, drove in
stout bamboo props, to which we lashed them firmly with strong broad

`Papa,' said Franz, as we were thus engaged, and he handed me the
fibres as I required them, `are these wild or tame trees?'

`Oh, these are wild trees, most ferocious trees,' laughed Jack, `and we
are tying them up lest they should run away, and in a little while we
will untie them and they will trot about after us and give us fruit
wherever we go. Oh, we will tame them; they shall have a ring through
their noses like the buffalo!'

`That's not true,' replied Franz, gravely, `but there are wild and tame
trees, the wild ones grow out in the woods like the crab-apples, and
the tame ones in the garden like the pears and peaches at home. Which
are these, papa?'

`They are not wild,' I replied, `but grafted or cultivated or, as you
call them, tame trees. No European tree bears good fruit until it is
grafted!' I saw a puzzled look come over the little boy's face as he
heard this new word, and I hastened to explain it.

`Grafting,' I continued, `is the process of inserting a slip or twig of
a tree into what is called an eye; that is, a knot or hole in the
branch of another. This twig or slip then grows and produces, not such
fruit as the original stock would have borne, but such as the tree from
which it was taken would have produced. Thus, if we have a sour crab
tree, and an apple tree bearing fine ribston pippins, we would take a
slip of the latter, insert it in an eye of the former, and in a year or
two the branch which it would then grow would be laden with good

`But,' asked Ernest, `where did the slips of good fruit come from, if
none grow without grafting?'

`From foreign countries,' I replied. `It is only in the cold climate of
our part of the world that they require this grafting; in many parts of
the world, in more southern latitudes than ours, the most luscious
fruit trees are indigenous to the soil, and flourish and bear sweet,
wholesome fruit, without the slightest care of attention being bestowed
upon them; while in England and Germany, and even in France, these same
trees require the utmost exertion of horticultural skills to make them
bring forth any fruit whatever.

`Thus, when the Romans invaded England they found nothing in the way of
fruit trees but the crab-apple, nut bushes, and bramble bushes, but by
grafting on these, fine apples, filberts, and raspberries were
produced, and it was the same in our own dear Switzerland--all our
fruit trees were imported.'

`Were cherries, father? May we not even call cherries Swiss? I always
thought they grew nowhere else.'

`I am afraid we cannot even claim cherries as our own, not even the
name of them; they are called cherries from Cerasus, a state of Pontus,
in Asia, whence they were brought to Europe by Lucullus, a Roman
general, about seventy years before Christ.

`Hazelnuts also come from Pontus; walnuts, again, came originally from
Persia. As for grapes, they are of the greatest antiquity. We hear, if
you remember, of Noah cultivating vines, and they have been brought
from one place to another until they now are to be found in most parts
of the civilized world.'

`Do you think all these trees will grow?' asked Fritz, as we crossed
Jackal River and entered our plantation at Tentholm. `Here are lemons,
pomegranates, pistachio nuts, and mulberries.'

`I have little doubt of it,' I replied, `we are evidently within the
tropics, where such trees as these are sure to flourish.

`These pines, now, come from France, Spain, and Italy; the olives from
Armenia and Palestine; the figs originally from the island of Chios;
the preaches and apricots from Persia; plums from Damascus in Syria,
and the pears of all sorts from Greece.

`However, if our countries have not been blessed in the same way with
fruit, we have been given wisdom and skill, which has enabled us to
import and cultivate the trees of other lands.'

We thus talked and worked until every tree that required the treatment
was provided with a stout bamboo prop, and then, with appetites which a
gourmand might well have envied, we returned to Falconhurst.

I think my good wife was almost alarmed at the way we fell upon the
corned beef and palm-cabbage she set before us, but at length these
good things produced the desired effect, and one after another declared
himself satisfied. As we sat reclining after our labour and digesting
our dinner we discussed the various projects we had in contemplation.

`I wish,' said my wife, `that you would invent some other plan for
climbing to the nest above us; I think that the nest itself is perfect,
I really wish for nothing better, but I should like to be able to get
to it without scaling that dreadful ladder every time; could you not
make a flight of steps to reach it?'

I carefully thought over the project, and turned over every plan for
its accomplishment.

`It would be impossible, I am afraid,' said I, `to make stairs
outside, but within the trunk it might be done. More than once have I
thought that this trunk might be hollow or partly so, and if such be
the case our task would be comparatively easy. Did you not tell me the
other day that you noticed bees coming from a hole in the tree?'

`Oh, yes,' said little Franz, `and I went to look at them and one flew
right against my face and stung me, and I almost cried, but I didn't.'

`Brave little boy,' said I. `Well, now, if the trunk be sufficiently
hollow to contain a swarm of bees, it may be for all we can tell hollow
the greater part of its length, for like the willow in our own country
it might draw all its nourishment through the bark, and in spite of its
real unsoundness retain a flourishing appearance.'

Master Jack, practical as usual, instantly sprang to his feet to put my
conjecture to the proof. The rest followed his example, and they were
all soon climbing about like squirrels peeping into the hole, and
tapping the wood to discover by sound how far down the cavity extended.

They forgot, in their eagerness, who were the tenants of this
interesting trunk. They were soon reminded of it, however, for the
bees, disturbed by this unusual noise, with an angry buzz burst out and
in an instant attacked the causers of the annoyance; they swarmed round
them, stung them on the hands, face, and neck, settled in their hair,
and pursued them as they ran to me for assistance.

It was with difficulty that we got rid of the angry insects, and were
able to attend to the boys. Jack, who had been the first to reach the
hole, had fared the worst and was soon a most pitiable sight, his face
swelled to an extraordinary degree, and it was only by the constant
application of cold earth that the pain was alleviated. They were all
eager to commence an organized attack upon the bees at once, but for an
hour or more by reason of their pain they were unable to render me much

In the meanwhile I made my arrangements. I first took a large calabash
gourd, for I intended to make a beehive, that, when we had driven the
insects from their present abode, we might not lose them entirely. The
lower half of the gourd I flattened, I then cut an arched opening in
the front for a doorway, made a straw roof as a protection from the
rain and heat, and the little house was complete.

Nothing more however could then be done, for the irritated bees were
still angrily buzzing round the tree. I waited till dark, and then when
all the bees had again returned to their trunk, with Fritz's assistance
I carefully stopped up every hole in the tree with wet clay, that the
bees might not issue forth next morning before we could begin

Very early were we up and at work. I first took a hollow cane, and
inserted one end through the clay into the tree; down this tube with
pipe and tobacco I smoked most furiously.

The humming and buzzing that went on within was tremendous; the bees
evidently could not understand what was going to happen. I finished my
first pipeful, and putting my thumb over the end of the cane, I gave
the pipe to Fritz to refill. He did so and I again smoked. The buzzing
was now becoming less noisy, and was subsiding into a mere murmur. By
the time I had finished this second pipe all was still; the bees were

`Now then, Fritz,' said I, `quick with a hammer and chisel, and stand
here beside me.'

He was up in a moment, and, together, we cut a small door by the side
of the hole; this door however, we did not take out, but we left it
attached by one corner that it might be removed at a moment's notice,
then giving the bees a final dose of tobacco smoke, we opened it.

Carefully but rapidly we removed the insects, as they clung in
clusters to the sides of the tree, and placed them in the hive
prepared for their reception. As rapidly I then took every atom of wax
and honey from their storehouse, and put it in a cask I had made ready
for the purpose.

The bees were now safely removed from the trunk, but I could not tell
whether, when they revived from their temporary stupor, they might not
refuse to occupy the house with which I had presented them, and insist
on returning to their old quarters. To prevent the possibility of this
occurrence I took a quantity of tobacco, and, placing it upon a board
nailed horizontally within the trunk, I lighted it and allowed it to
burn slowly that the fumes might fill the cavity.

It was well I did so, for, as the bees returned to consciousness, they
left their pretty hive and buzzed away to the trunk of the tree. They
seemed astonished at finding this uninhabitable, and an immense deal of
noisy humming ensued. Round and round they flew, backwards and forwards
between the gourd and tree, now settling here and now there, until, at
length, after due consideration, they took possession of the hive and
abandoned their former habitation to us the invaders of their
territory. By the evening they were quite quiet, and we ventured to
open the cask in which we had stored our plunder.

We first separated the honey from the honeycomb and poured it off into
jars and pots; the rest we then took and threw into a vessel of water
placed over a slow fire. It soon boiled and the entire mass became
fluid. This we placed in a clean canvas bag, and subjected to a heavy
pressure. The honey was thus soon forced out, and we stored it in a
cask, and, though not perhaps quite equal to the former batch in
quality, it was yet capital. The wax that remained in the bag I also
carefully stored, for I knew it would be of great use to me in the
manufacture of candles. Then after a hard day's work we turned in.

The internal architecture of the tree had now to be attended to, and
early the following morning we prepared for the labourious task. A door
had first to be made, so at the base of the trunk we cut away the bark
and formed an opening just the size of the door we had brought from the
captain's cabin, and which, hinges and all, was ready to be hung.

The clearing of the rotten wood from the centre of the trunk occupied
us some time, but at length we had the satisfaction of seeing it
entirely accomplished, and, as we stood below, we could look up the
trunk, which was like a great smooth funnel, and see the sky above.

It was now ready for the staircase, and first we erected in the centre
a stout sapling to form an axis round which to build the spiral stairs;
in this we cut notches to receive the steps, and corresponding notches
in the tree itself to support the outer ends. The steps themselves we
formed carefully and neatly of planks from the wreck, and clenched them
firmly in their places with stout nails.

Upwards and upwards we built, cutting windows in the trunk as we
required, to admit light and air, until we were flush with the top of
the centre pole. On this pole we erected another to reach the top of
the tree, and securing it firmly, built in the same way round it until
we at length reached the level of the floor of the nest above.

To make the ascent of the stairs perfectly easy we ran a hand-rail on
either side, one round the centre pillar, and the other following the
curve of the trunk.

This task occupied us a whole month, and by the end of that period, so
accustomed had we become to having a definite piece of work before us
that we began to consider what other great alteration we should

We were, however, of course not neglecting the details of our colonial
establishment. There were all the animals to be attended to; the goats
and sheep had both presented us with additions to our flock, and these
frisky youngsters had to be seen after; to prevent them straying to any
great distance, for we had no wish to lose them, we tied round their
necks little bells, which we had found on board the wreck, and which
would assist us to track them.

Juno, too, had a fine litter of puppies, but, in spite of the
entreaties of the children, I could not consent to keep more than two,
and the rest disappeared in that mysterious way in which puppies and
kittens are wont to leave the earth. To console the mother, as he said,
but also, I suspect, to save himself considerable trouble, Jack placed
his little jackal beside the remaining puppies, and, to his joy, found
it readily adopted.

The other pets were also flourishing, and were being usefully trained.
The buffalo, after giving us much trouble, had now become perfectly
domesticated, and was a very useful beast of burden, besides being a
capital steed for the boys. They guided him by a bar thrust through the
hole in his nose, which was now perfectly healed, and this served the
purpose just as a bit in the mouth of a horse. I began his education by
securing round him a broad girth of buffalo-hide and fastening to it
various articles, to accustom him to carrying a burden. By degrees he
permitted this to be done without making the slightest resistance, and
soon carried the panniers, before borne by the ass, readily and

I then made Master Knips sit upon his back and hold the reins I had
prepared for him, that the animal might become accustomed to the
feeling of a rider, and finally allowed Fritz himself to mount.

The education of the eagle was not neglected. Fritz every day shot
small birds for his food, and these he placed sometimes between the
wide-spreading horns of the buffalo or goat, and sometimes upon the
back of the great bustard, that he might become accustomed to pounce
upon living prey.

These lessons had their due effect, and the bird, having been taught to
obey the voice and whistle of his master, was soon allowed to bring
down small birds upon the wing, when he stooped and struck his quarry
in most sportsmanlike manner. We kept him well away from the
poultry-yard lest his natural instincts should show themselves, and he
should put an untimely end to some of our feathered pets.

Neither was Master Knips allowed to remain idle, for Ernest, now that
he was in his possession, wished to train him to be of some use. With
Jack's help he made a little basket of rushes, which he so arranged
with straps that it might be easily fitted on to the monkey's back.
Thus equipped he was taught to mount cocoanut palms and other lofty
trees, and to bring down their fruit in the hamper.

Jack was not so successful in his educational attempts. Fangs, as he
had christened his jackal, used his fangs indeed, but only on his own
account; nothing could persuade him that the animals he caught were not
at once to be devoured, consequently poor Jack was never able to save
from his jaws anything but the tattered skin of his prey. Not
disheartened, however, he determined that Fangs could be trained, and
that he would train him.

These, and suchlike employments, afforded us the rest and recreation we
required while engaged in the labourious task of staircase building.

Among my minor occupations, I applied myself to the improvement of our
candles. Though the former batch had greatly delighted us at first, yet
we were soon obliged to acknowledge that the light they gave was
imperfect, and their appearance was unsightly; my wife, too, begged me
to find some substitute for the threads of our cotton neck-ties*, which
I had previously used as wicks.

   * Not what we today call neckties, but rather a soft band of
     cloth worn loosely around the neck and used as a sweatband,
     to keep sweat and dirt from lodging in the neckband of the
     shirt. A collar at this time was a separate piece of cloth,
     buttoned on and worn only for at least semi-formal

To give the proper shape and smoothness to the candles, I determined to
use the bamboo moulds I had prepared. My first idea was to pour the wax
in at the end of the mould, and then when the candles were cooled to
slip them out; but I was soon convinced that this plan would not

I therefore determined to divide the moulds lengthways, and then,
having greased them well, we might pour the melted wax into the two
halves bound tightly together, and so be able to take out the candles
when cool without injuring them.

The wicks were my next difficulty, and as my wife positively refused to
allow us to devote our ties and handkerchiefs for the purpose, I took a
piece of inflammable wood from a tree, a native of the Antilles, which
I thought would serve our purpose; this I cut into long slips, and
fixed in the centres of the moulds. My wife, too, prepared some wicks
from the fibres of the karata tree, which she declared would beat mine
completely out of the field.

We put them to the proof. On a large fire we placed a pot, in which we
prepared our wax mixture--half bees' wax and half wax from the
candleberries. The moulds carefully prepared--half with karata fibre,
and half with wooden splint wicks--stood on their ends in a tub of cold
water, ready to receive the wax.

They were filled; the wax cooled; the candles taken out and subjected
to the criticism of all hands. When night drew on, they were formally
tested. The decision was unanimous: neither gave such a good light as
those with the cotton wicks; but even my wife declared that the light
from mine was far preferable to that emitted by hers, for the former,
though rather flaring, burned brilliantly, while the latter gave out
such a feeble and flickering flame that it was almost useless.

I then turned shoemaker, for I had promised myself a pair of
waterproof boots, and now determined to make them.

Taking a pair of socks, I filled them with sand, and then coated them
over with a thin layer of clay to form a convenient mould; this was
soon hardened in the sun, and was ready for use. Layer after layer of
caoutchouc I brushed over it, allowing each layer to dry before the
next was put on, until at length I considered that the shoes were of
sufficient thickness. I dried them, broke out the clay, secured with
nails a strip of buffalo-hide to the soles, brushed that over with
caoutchouc, and I had a pair of comfortable, durable,
respectable-looking waterproof boots.

I was delighted; orders poured in from all sides, and soon everyone in
the family was likewise provided for.

One objection to Falconhurst was the absence of any spring close by, so
that the boys were obliged to bring water daily from the stream; and
this involving no little trouble, it was proposed that we should carry
the water by pipes from the stream to our present residence. A dam had
to be thrown across the river some way up stream, that the water might
be raised to a sufficient height to run to Falconhurst. From the
reservoir thus made we led the water down by pipes into the turtle's
shell, which we placed near our dwelling, and from which the
superfluous water flowed off through the hole made in it by Fritz's

This was an immense convenience, and we formally inaugurated the
trough by washing therein a whole sack of potatoes. Thus day after day
brought its own work, and day after day saw that work completed. We had
no time to be idle, or to lament our separation from our fellow

One morning, as we were completing our spiral staircase, and giving it
such finish as we were capable of, we were suddenly alarmed by hearing
a most terrific noise, the roaring or bellowing of a wild beast; so
strange a sound was it, that I could not imagine by what animal it was

Jack thought it perhaps a lion, Fritz hazarded a gorilla, while Ernest
gave it as his opinion, and I thought it possible that he was right,
that it was a hyaena.

`Whatever it is,' said I, `we must prepare to receive it; up with you
all to the nest while I secure the door.'

Then arming the dogs with their collars, I sent them out to protect the
animals below, closed the door, and joined my family.

Every gun was loaded, every eye was upon the watch. The sound drew
nearer, and then all was still; nothing was to be seen. I determined to
descend and reconnoitre, and Fritz and I carefully crept down; with our
guns at full cock we glided amongst the trees; noiselessly and quickly
we pushed on further and further; suddenly, close by, we heard the
terrific sound again. Fritz raised his gun, but almost as quickly again
dropped it, and burst into a hearty fit of laughter.

There was no mistaking those dulcet tones--hee-haw, hee-haw, hee-haw,
resounded through the forest, and our ass braying his approach right
merrily appeared in sight. To our surprise, however, our friend was not
alone: behind him trotted another animal, an ass no doubt, but slim and
graceful as a horse. We watched their movements anxiously.

`Fritz,' I whispered, `that is an onager. Creep back to Falconhurst and
bring me a piece of cord--quietly now!'

While he was gone, I cut a bamboo and split it halfway down to form a
pair of pincers, which I knew would be of use to me should I get near
the animal. Fritz soon returned with the cord, and I was glad to
observe also brought some oats and salt. We made one end of the cord
fast to a tree, and at the other end made a running noose. Silently we
watched the animals as they approached, quietly browsing; Fritz then
rose, holding in one hand the noose, and in the other some oats and

The ass, seeing his favourite food thus held out, advanced to take it;
Fritz allowed him to do so, and he was soon munching contentedly. The
stranger, on seeing Fritz, started back; but finding her companion show
no signs of alarm, was reassured, and soon approached sniffing, and was
about to take some of the tempting food.

In a moment the noose left Fritz's adroit hand and fell round her
neck; with a single bound she sprang backwards the full length of the
cord, the noose drew tight, and she fell to the earth half strangled. I
at once ran up, loosened the rope and replaced it by a halter; and
placing the pincers upon her nose, secured her by two cords fastened
between two trees, and then left her to recover herself.

Everyone hastened up to examine the beautiful animal as she rose from
the ground and cast fiery glances around. She lashed out with her heels
on every side; and, giving vent to angry snorts, struggled violently to
get free. All her endeavours were vain: the cords were stout, and after
a while she quieted down and stood exhausted and quivering.

I then approached: she suffered me to lead her to the roots of our
tree, which for the present formed our stables, and there I tied her up
close to the donkey, who was likewise prevented from playing truant.

Next morning I found the onager after her night's rest as wild as
ever, and as I looked at the handsome creature I almost despaired of
ever taming her proud spirit. Every expedient was tried, and at length,
when the animal was subdued by hunger, I thought I might venture to
mount her; and having given her the strongest curb and shackled her
feet, I attempted to do so. She was as unruly as ever, and as a last
expedient I resolved to adopt a plan which, though cruel, was I knew
attended with wonderful success by the American Indians, by whom it is

Watching a favourable opportunity, I sprang upon the onager's back, and
seizing her long ear in my teeth, in spite of her kicking and plunging,
bit it through. The result was marvellous, the animal ceased plunging,
and, quivering violently, stood stock-still.

From that moment we were her masters, the children mounted her one
after the other, and she carried them obediently and quietly. Proud,
indeed, did I feel as I watched this animal, which naturalists and
travellers have declared to be beyond the power of man to tame, guided
hither and thither by my youngest son.

Additions to our poultry yard reminded me of the necessity of
providing some substantial shelter for our animals before the rainy
season came on; three broods of chickens had been successfully hatched,
and the little creatures, forty in all, were my wife's pride and

We began by making a roof over the vaulted roots of our tree, forming
the framework of bamboo canes which we laid close together and bound
tightly down; others we fixed below as supports. The interstices were
filled up with clay and moss; and coating the whole over with a mixture
of tar and lime-water, we obtained a firm balcony, and a capital roof
impervious to the severest fall of rain. I ran a light rail round the
balcony to give it a more ornamental appearance, and below divided the
building into several compartments. Stables, poultry yard, hay and
provision lofts, dairy, kitchen, larder and dining-hall were united
under one roof.

Our winter-quarters were now completed, and we had but to store them
with food. Day after day we worked, bringing in provisions of every

As we were one evening returning from gathering potatoes, it struck me
that we should take in a store of acorns; and sending the two younger
boys home with their mother and the cart, I took a large canvas bag,
and with Fritz and Ernest, the former mounted on his onager, and the
latter carrying his little favourite, Knips, made a detour towards the
Acorn Wood.

We reached the spot, tied Lightfoot to a neighbouring tree, and began
rapidly to fill the sack. As we were thus engaged, Knips sprang
suddenly into a bush close by, from which, a moment afterwards, issued
such strange cries that Ernest followed to see what could be the

`Come!' he shouted, `Come and help me! I've got a couple of birds and
their eggs. Quick! Ruffed grouse!'

We hurried to the spot. There was Ernest with a fluttering, screaming
bird in either hand; while, with his foot, he was endeavouring to
prevent his greedy little monkey from seizing the eggs. We quickly tied
the legs of the birds, and removing the eggs from the nest, placed them
in Ernest's hat; while he gathered some of the long, broad grass, with
which the nest was woven, and which grew luxuriantly around, for Franz
to play at sword-drill with.

We then loaded the onager with the acorns and moved homewards. The eggs
I covered carefully with dry moss, that they might be kept warm, and as
soon as possible I handed them over to my wife who managed the mother
so cleverly that she induced her to return to the eggs, and in a few
days, to our great delight, we had fifteen beautiful little Canadian

Franz was greatly pleased with the 'swords' his brother brought him;
but having no small companion on whom to exercise his valour, he amused
himself for a short time in hewing down imaginary foes, and then cut
the reeds in slips, and plaited them to form a whip for Lightfoot.

The leaves seemed so pliable and strong, that I examined them to see to
what further use they might be put. Their tissue was composed of long
silky fibres. A sudden thought struck me--this must be New Zealand
flax. I could not rest till I had announced this invaluable discovery
to my wife. She was no less delighted than I was.

`Bring me the leaves!' she exclaimed. `Oh, what a delightful
discovery! No one shall now be clothed in rags; just make me a
spindle, and you shall soon have shirts and stockings and trousers, all
good homespun! Quick, Fritz, and bring your mother more leaves!'

We could not help smiling at her eager zeal; but Fritz and Ernest
sprang on their steeds, and soon the onager and buffalo were galloping
home again, each laden with a great bundle of flax. The boys dismounted
and deposited their offering at their mother's feet.

`Capital!' she exclaimed. `I shall now show you that I am not at all
behindhand in ingenuity. This must be retted, carded, spun and woven,
and then with scissors, needle and thread I will make you any article
of clothing you choose.'

We decided that Flamingo Marsh would be the best spot for the
operation of steeping or `retting' the flax, and next morning we set
out thither; the cart drawn by the ass, and laden with the bundles,
between which sat Franz and Knips, while the rest of us followed with
spades and hatchets.

I described to my boys as we went along the process of retting, and
explained to them how steeping the flax leaves destroys the useless
membrane, while the strong fibres remain.

As we were employed in making beds for the flax and placing it in
them, we observed several nests of the flamingo. These are most
curiously and skilfully made of glutinous clay, so strong that they can
neither be overturned nor washed away. They are formed in the shape of
blunted cones, and placed point downwards; at the upper and broader end
is built a little platform to contain the eggs, on which the female
bird sits, with her long legs in the water on either side, until the
little birds are hatched and can take to the water.

For a fortnight we left the flax to steep, and then taking it out and
drying it thoroughly in the sun, stored it for future use at

Daily did we load our cart with provisions to be brought to our
winter-quarters: manioc, potatoes, cocoanuts, sweet acorns,
sugar-canes, were all collected and stored in abundance--for grumbling
thunder, lowering skies, and sharp showers warned us that we had no
time to lose. Our corn was sowed, our animals housed, our provisions
stored, when down came the rain.

To continue in our nest we found impossible, and we were obliged to
retreat to the trunk, where we carried such of our domestic furniture
as might have been injured by the damp. Our dwelling was indeed
crowded: the animals and provisions below, and our beds and household
goods around us, hemmed us in on every side; by degrees, by dint of
patience and better packing, we obtained sufficient room to work and
lie down in; by degrees, too, we became accustomed to the continual
noise of the animals and the smell of the stables.

The smoke from the fire, which we were occasionally obliged to light,
was not agreeable; but in time even that seemed to become more

To make more space, we turned such animals as we had captured, and who
therefore might be imagined to know how to shift for themselves,
outside during the daytime, bringing them under the arched roots only
at night. To perform this duty Fritz and I used to sally forth every
evening, and as regularly every evening did we return soaked to the

To obviate this, my wife, who feared these continual wettings might
injure our health, contrived waterproofs: she brushed on several layers
of caoutchouc over stout shirts, to which she attached hoods; she then
fixed to these duck trousers, and thus prepared for each of us a
complete waterproof suit, clad in which we might brave the severest

In spite of our endeavours to keep ourselves busy, the time dragged
heavily. Our mornings were occupied in tending the animals; the boys
amused themselves with their pets, and assisted me in the manufacture
of carding-combs and a spindle for their mother. The combs I made with
nails, which I placed head downwards on a sheet of tin about an inch
wide; holding the nails in their proper positions I poured solder round
their heads to fix them to the tin, which I then folded down on either
side of them to keep them perfectly firm.

In the evening, when our room was illuminated with wax candles, I
wrote a journal of all the events which had occurred since our arrival
in this foreign land; and, while my wife was busy with her needle and
Ernest making sketches of birds, beasts and flowers with which he had
met during the past months, Fritz and Jack taught little Franz to read.

Week after week rolled by. Week after week saw us still close
prisoners. Incessant rain battered down above us, constant gloom hung
over the desolate scene.

Chapter 9

The winds at length were lulled, the sun shot his brilliant rays
through the riven clouds, the rain ceased to fall--spring had come. No
prisoners set at liberty could have felt more joy than we did as we
stepped forth from our winter abode, refreshed our eyes with the
pleasant verdure around us, and our ears with the merry songs of a
thousand happy birds, and drank in the pure balmy air of spring.

Our plantations were thriving vigorously. The seed we had sown was
shooting through the moist earth. All nature was refreshed.

Our nest was our first care: filled with leaves and broken and torn by
the wind, it looked indeed dilapidated. We worked hard, and in a few
days it was again habitable. My wife begged that I would now start her
with the flax, and as early as possible I built a drying-oven, and then
prepared it for her use; I also, after some trouble, manufactured a
beetle-reel and spinning-wheel, and she and Franz were soon hard at
work, the little boy reeling off the thread his mother spun.

I was anxious to visit Tentholm, for I feared that much of our
precious stores might have suffered. Fritz and I made an excursion
thither. The damage done to Falconhurst was as nothing compared to the
scene that awaited us. The tent was blown to the ground, the canvas
torn to rags, the provisions soaked, and two casks of powder utterly
destroyed. We immediately spread such things as we hoped yet to
preserve in the sun to dry.

The pinnace was safe, but our faithful tub-boat was dashed in pieces,
and the irreparable damage we had sustained made me resolve to contrive
some safer and more stable winter-quarters before the arrival of the
next rainy season. Fritz proposed that we should hollow out a cave in
the rock, and though the difficulties such an undertaking would present
appeared almost insurmountable, I yet determined to make the attempt;
we might not, I thought, hew out a cavern of sufficient size to serve
as a room, but we might at least make a cellar for the more valuable
and perishable of our stores.

Some days afterwards we left Falconhurst with the cart laden with a
cargo of spades, hammers, chisels, pickaxes and crowbars, and began our
undertaking. On the smooth face of the perpendicular rock I drew out in
chalk the size of the proposed entrance, and then, with minds bent on
success, we battered away.

Six days of hard and incessant toil made but little impression; I do
not think that the hole would have been a satisfactory shelter for even
Master Knips; but we still did not despair, and were presently rewarded
by coming to softer and more yielding substance; our work progressed,
and our minds were relieved.

On the tenth day, as our persevering blows were falling heavily, Jack,
who was working diligently with a hammer and crowbar, shouted:

`Gone, father! Fritz, my bar has gone through the mountain!'

`Run round and get it,' laughed Fritz, `perhaps it has dropped into
Europe--you must not lose a good crowbar.'

`But, really, it is through; it went right through the rock; I heard it
crash down inside. Oh, do come and see!' he shouted excitedly.

We sprang to his side, and I thrust the handle of my hammer into the
hole he spoke of; it met with no opposition, I could turn it in any
direction I chose. Fritz handed me a long pole; I tried the depth with
that. Nothing could I feel. A thin wall, then, was all that intervened
between us and a great cavern.

With a shout of joy, the boys battered vigorously at the rock; piece by
piece fell, and soon the hole was large enough for us to enter. I
stepped near the aperture, and was about to make a further examination,
when a sudden rush of poisonous air turned me giddy, and shouting to my
sons to stand off, I leaned against the rock.

When I came to myself I explained to them the danger of approaching any
cavern or other place where the air has for a long time been stagnant.
`Unless air is incessantly renewed it becomes vitiated,' I said, `and
fatal to those who breathe it. The safest way of restoring it to its
original state is to subject it to the action of fire; a few handfuls
of blazing hay thrown into this hole may, if the place be small,
sufficiently purify the air within to allow us to enter without
danger.' We tried the experiment. The flame was extinguished the
instant it entered. Though bundles of blazing grass were thrown in, no
difference was made.*

   * What actually happens is that the oxygen supply becomes
     low. If there is sufficient oxygen to maintain a flame, the
     action of the flame increases air circulation, which then
     brings in more oxygen. The flame goes out if the oxygen
     supply is insufficient for its supply; in this case, it
     takes the fireworks to create adequate circulation. The next
     torch is able to blaze not because the air is purified, but
     because the oxygen is now sufficient to feed the fire.

I saw that we must apply some more efficacious remedy, and sent the
boys for a chest of signal-rockets we had brought from the wreck. We
let fly some dozens of these fiery serpents, which went whizzing in and
disappeared at apparently a vast distance from us. Some flew like
radiant meteors round, lighted up the mighty circumference and
displayed, as by a magician's wand, a sparkling glittering roof. They
looked like avenging dragons driving a foul malignant fiend out of a
beauteous palace.

We waited for a little while after these experiments, and I then again
threw in lighted hay. It burned clearly; the air was purified.

Fritz and I enlarged the opening, while Jack, springing on his
buffalo, thundered away to Falconhurst to bear the great and
astonishing news to his mother.

Great must have been the effect of Jack's eloquence on those at home,
for the timbers of the bridge were soon again resounding under the
swift but heavy tramp of his steed; and he was quickly followed by the
rest of our party in the cart.

All were in the highest state of excitement. Jack had stowed in the
cart all the candles he could find, and we now, lighting these,
shouldered our arms and entered. I led the way, sounding the ground as
I advanced with a long pole, that we might not fall unexpectedly into
any great hole or chasm.

Silently we marched--my wife, the boys, and even the dogs seeming
overawed with the grandeur and beauty of the scene We were in a grotto
of diamonds--a vast cave of glittering crystal; the candles reflected
on the walls a golden light, bright as the stars of Heaven, while great
crystal pillars rose from the floor like mighty trees, mingling their
branches high above us and drooping in hundreds of stalactites, which
sparkled and glittered with all the colours of the rainbow.

The floor of this magnificent palace was formed of hard, dry sand, so
dry that I saw at once that we might safely take up our abode therein,
without the slightest fear of danger from damp.

From the appearance of the brilliant crystals round about us, I
suspected their nature. I tasted a piece. This was a cavern of
rock-salt. There was no doubt about it--here was an unlimited supply of
the best and purest salt!

But one thing detracted from my entire satisfaction and delight--large
crystals lay scattered here and there, which, detached from the roof,
had fallen to the ground; this, if apt to recur, would keep us in
constant peril. I examined some of the masses and discovered that they
had been all recently separated, and therefore concluded that the
concussion of the air, occasioned by the rockets, had caused their
fall. To satisfy ourselves, however, that there were no more pieces
tottering above us, we discharged our guns from the entrance, and
watched the effect.

Nothing more fell--our magnificent abode was safe. We returned to
Falconhurst with minds full of wonder at our new discovery, and plans
for turning it to the best possible advantage.

Nothing was now talked of but the new house, how it should be
arranged, how it should be fitted up. The safety and comfort of
Falconhurst, which had at first seemed so great, now dwindled away in
our opinion to nothing; it should be kept up we decided merely as a
summer residence, while our cave should be formed into a winter house
and impregnable castle.

Our attention was now fully occupied with this new house. Light and air
were to be admitted, so we hewed a row of windows in the rock, where we
fitted the window-cases we had brought from the officers' cabins.

We brought the door, too, from Falconhurst, and fitted it in the
aperture we had made. The opening in the trunk of the tree I
determined to conceal with bark, as less likely to attract the notice
of wild beasts or savages should they approach during our absence.

The cave itself we divided into four parts: in front, a large
compartment into which the door opened, subdivided into our sitting,
eating and sleeping apartments; the right-hand division, containing our
kitchen and workshop, and the left our stables; behind all this, in the
dark recess of the cave, was our storehouse and powder-magazine.

Having already undergone one rainy reason, we knew well its
discomforts, and thought of many useful arrangements in the laying-out
of our dwelling. We did not intend to be again smoke-dried; we,
therefore, contrived a properly built fireplace and chimney; our stable
arrangements, too, were better, and plenty of space was left in our
workshop that we should not be hampered in even the most extensive

Our frequent residence at Tentholm revealed to us several important
advantages which we had not foreseen. Numbers of splendid turtles often
came ashore to deposit their eggs in the sand, and their delicious
flesh afforded us many a sumptuous meal. When more than one of these
creatures appeared at a time, we used to cut off their retreat to the
sea, and, turning them on their backs, fasten them to a stake, driven
in close by the water's edge, by a cord passed through a hole in their
shell. We thus had fresh turtle continually within our reach; for the
animals throve well thus secured, and appeared in as good condition,
after having been kept thus for several weeks, as others when freshly
caught. Lobsters, crabs and mussels also abounded on the shore. But
this was not all; an additional surprise awaited us.

As we were one morning approaching Tentholm, we were attracted by a
most curious phenomenon. The waters out to sea appeared agitated by
some unseen movement, and as they heaved and boiled, their surface,
struck by the beams of the morning sun, seemed illuminated by flashes
of fire.

Over the water where this disturbance was taking place hovered
hundreds of birds, screaming loudly, which ever and anon would dart
downwards, some plunging beneath the water, some skimming the surface.
Then again they would rise and resume their harsh cries. The shining,
sparkling mass then rolled onwards, and approached in a direct line our
bay, followed by the feathered flock above. We hurried down to the
shore to further examine this strange sight.

I was convinced as we approached that it was a shoal or bank of

No sooner did I give utterance to my conjecture, than I was assailed by
a host of questions concerning this herring-bank, what it was, and what
occasioned it.

`A herring-bank,' I said, `is composed of an immense number of
herrings swimming together. I can scarcely express to you the huge size
of this living bank, which extends over a great area many fathoms deep.
It is followed by numbers of great ravenous fish, who devour quantities
of the herrings, while above hover birds, as you have just seen, ready
to pounce down on stragglers near the top. To escape these enemies, the
shoal makes for the nearest shore, and seeks safety in those shallows
where the large fish cannot follow. But here it meets with a third
great enemy.

`It may escape from the fish, and elude the vigilance of sharp-sighted
birds, but from the ingenuity of man it can find no escape. In one year
millions of these fish are caught, and yet the roes of only a small
number would be sufficient to supply as many fish again.'

Soon our fishery was in operation. Jack and Fritz stood in the water
with baskets, and baled out the fish, as one bales water with a bucket,
throwing them to us on the shore. As quickly as possible we cleaned
them, and placed them in casks with salt, first a layer of salt, and
then a layer of herrings, and so on, until we had ready many casks of
pickled fish.

As the barrels were filled, we closed them carefully, and rolled them
away to the cool vaults at the back of our cave. Our good fortune,
however, was not to end here. A day after the herring fishery was over,
and the shoal had left our bay, a great number of seals appeared,
attracted by the refuse of the herrings which we had thrown into the

Though I feared they would not be suitable for our table, we yet
secured a score or two for the sake of their skins and fat. The skins
we drew carefully off for harness and clothing, and the fat we boiled
down for oil, which we put aside in casks for tanning, soap-making, and
burning in lamps.

These occupations interfered for some time with our work at Rock
House; but as soon as possible we again returned to our labour with
renewed vigour. I had noticed that the salt crystals had for their base
a species of gypsum, which I knew might be made of great service to us
in our building operations as plaster.

As an experiment, I broke off some pieces, and, after subjecting them
to great heat, reduced them to powder. The plaster this formed with
water was smooth and white, and as I had then no particular use to
which I might put it, I plastered over some of the herring casks, that
I might be perfectly certain that all air was excluded. The remainder
of the casks I left as they were, for I presently intended to preserve
their contents by smoking.

To do this, the boys and I built a small hut of reeds and branches, and
then we strung our herrings on lines across the roof. On the floor we
lit a great fire of brushwood and moss, which threw out a dense smoke,
curling in volumes round the fish, and they in a few days seemed
perfectly cured.

About a month after the appearance of the herrings we were favoured by
a visit from other shoals of fish. Jack espied them first, and called
to us that a lot of young whales were off the coast. We ran down and
discovered the bay apparently swarming with great sturgeon, salmon, and
trout, all making for the mouth of Jackal River, that they might ascend
it and deposit their spawn amongst the stones.

Jack was delighted at his discovery. `Here are proper fish!' he
exclaimed, `none of your paltry fry. How do you preserve these sorts of
fish? Potted, salted or smoked?'

`Not so fast,' said I, `not so fast; tell me how they are to be
caught, and I will tell you how they are to be cooked.'

`Oh! I'll catch them fast enough,' he replied, and darted off to Rock

While I was still puzzling my brains as to how I should set to work, he
returned with his fishing apparatus in hand: a bow and arrow, and a
ball of twine.

At the arrow-head he had fastened a barbed spike, and had secured the
arrow to the end of the string. Armed with this weapon, he advanced to
the river's edge.

His arrow flew from the bow, and, to my surprise, struck one of the
largest fish in the side.

`Help, father, help!' he cried, as the great fish darted off, carrying
arrow and all with it. `Help! Or he will pull me into the water.'

I ran to his assistance, and together we struggled with the finny
monster. He pulled tremendously, and lashed the water around him; but
we held the cord fast, and he had no chance of escape. Weaker and
weaker grew his struggles, and, at length, exhausted by his exertions
and loss of blood, he allowed us to draw him ashore.

He was a noble prize, and Fritz and Ernest, who came up just as we
completed his capture, were quite envious of Jack's success.

Not to be behindhand, they eagerly rushed off for weapons themselves.
We were soon all in the water, Fritz with a harpoon, Ernest with a rod
and line, and I myself, armed like Neptune, with an iron trident, or
more properly speaking, perhaps, a pitchfork. Soon the shore was strewn
with a goodly number of the finest fish--monster after monster we drew
to land. At length Fritz, after harpooning a great sturgeon full eight
feet long, could not get the beast ashore; we all went to his
assistance, but our united efforts were unavailing.

`The buffalo!' proposed my wife, and off went Jack for Storm. Storm was
harnessed to the harpoon rope, and soon the monstrous fish lay panting
on the sand. We at length, when we had captured as many fish as we
could possibly utilize, set about cleaning and preparing their flesh.
Some we salted, some we dried like the herrings, some we treated like
the tunny of the Mediterranean--we prepared them in oil.

Of the roe of the sturgeon I decided to form caviare, the great
Russian dish. I removed from it all the membranes by which it is
surrounded, washed it in vinegar, salted it, pressed out all the
moisture caused by the water-absorbing properties of the salt, packed
it in small barrels and stowed it away in our storehouse.

I knew that of the sturgeon's bladder the best isinglass is made, so
carefully collecting the air-bladders from all those we had killed, I
washed them and hung them up to stiffen. The outer coat or membrane I
then peeled off, cutting the remainder into strips, technically called

These staples I place in an iron pot over the fire, and when they had
been reduced to a proper consistency I strained off the glue through a
clean cloth, and spread it out on a slab of stone in thin layers,
letting them remain until they were dry. The substance I thus obtained
was beautifully transparent, and promised to serve as an excellent
substitute for glass in our window-frames.

Fortunately, in this beautiful climate little or no attention was
necessary to the kitchen garden, the seeds sprang up and flourished
without apparently the slightest regard for the time or season of the
year. Peas, beans, wheat, barley, rye and Indian corn, seemed
constantly ripe, while cucumbers, melons, and all sorts of other
vegetables grew luxuriantly. The success of our garden at Tentholm
encouraged me to hope that my experiment at Falconhurst had not failed,
and one morning we started to visit the spot.

As we passed by the field from which the potatoes had been dug, we
found it covered with barley, wheat, rye and peas in profusion. I
turned to my wife in amazement. `Where has this fine crop sprung from?'
said I.

`From the earth,' she replied, laughing, `where Franz and I sowed the
seed I brought from the wreck. The ground was ready tilled by you and
the boys; all we had to do was to scatter the seed.'

I was delighted at the sight, and it augured well, I thought, for the
success of my maize plantation. We hurried to the field. The crop had
indeed grown well, and what was more, appeared to be duly appreciated.
A tremendous flock of feathered thieves rose as we approached. Amongst
them Fritz espied a few ruffed grouse, and, quick as thought, unhooding
his eagle, he started him off in chase, then sprang on his onager and
followed at full gallop. His noble bird marked out the finest grouse,
and, soaring high above it, stooped and bore his prey to the ground.

Fritz was close at hand, and springing through the bushes he saved the
bird from death, hooded the eagle's eyes, and returned triumphantly.
Jack had not stood idle, for slipping his pet Fangs, he had started him
among some quails who remained upon the field, and to my surprise the
jackal secured some dozen of the birds, bringing them faithfully to his
master's feet.

We then turned our steps towards Falconhurst, where we were refreshed
by a most delicious drink my wife prepared for us; the stems of the
young Indian corn crushed, strained, and mixed with water and the juice
of the sugar-cane.

We then made preparations for an excursion the following day, for I
wished to establish a sort of semicivilized farm at some distance from
Falconhurst, where we might place some of our animals which had become
too numerous with our limited means to supply them with food. In the
large cart, to which we harnessed the buffalo, cow, and ass, we placed
a dozen fowls, four young pigs, two couple of sheep, and as many goats,
and a pair of hens and one cock grouse. Fritz led the way on his
onager, and by a new track we forced a passage through the woods and
tall grasses towards Cape Disappointment.

The difficult march was at length over, and we emerged from the forest
upon a large plain covered with curious little bushes; the branches of
these little shrubs and the ground about them were covered with pure
white flakes.

`Snow! Snow!' exclaimed Franz. `Oh, mother, come down from the cart and
play snowballs. This is jolly; much better than the ugly rain.'

I was not surprised at the boy's mistake, for indeed the flakes did
look like snow; but before I could express my opinion, Fritz declared
that the plant must be a kind of dwarf cotton-tree. We approached
nearer and found he was right--soft fine wool enclosed in pods, and
still hanging on the bushes or lying on the ground, abounded in every
direction. We had indeed discovered this valuable plant. My wife was
charmed; and gathering a great quantity in three capacious bags, we
resumed our journey.

Crossing the cotton-field, we ascended a pretty wooded hill. The view
from the summit was glorious: luxuriant grass at our feet stretching
down the hillside, dotted here and there with shady trees, among which
gushed down a sparkling brook, while below lay the rich green forest,
with the sea beyond.

What better situation could we hope to find for our new farm? Pasture,
water, shade and shelter, all were here.

We pitched our tent, built our fireplace, and, leaving my wife to
prepare our repast, Fritz and I selected a spot for the erection of our
shed. We soon found a group of trees so situated that the trunks would
serve as posts for our intended building. Thither we carried all our
tools, and then, as the day was far advanced, enjoyed our supper, and
lay down upon most comfortable beds which my wife had prepared for us
with the cotton.

The group of trees we had selected was exactly suited to our purpose,
for it formed a regular rectilinear figure, the greatest side of which
faced the sea. I cut deep mortices in the trunks about ten feet from
the ground, and again ten feet higher up to form a second storey. In
these mortices I inserted beams, thus forming a framework for my
building, and then, making a roof of laths, I overlaid it with bark,
which I stripped from a neighbouring tree, and fixed with acacia
thorns, and which would effectually shoot off any amount of rain.

While clearing up the scraps of bark and other rubbish for fuel for our
fire, I noticed a peculiar smell, and stooping down I picked up pieces
of the bark, some of which, to my great surprise, I found was that of
the terebinth tree, and the rest that of the American fir. The goats,
too, made an important discovery amongst the same heap, for we found
them busily routing out pieces of cinnamon, a most delicious and
aromatic spice.

`From the fir,' said I to the boys, `we get turpentine and tar, and
thus it is that the fir tree becomes such a valuable article of
commerce. So we may look forward to preparing pitch for our yacht with
tar and oil, you know, and cart-grease, too, with tar and fat. I do not
know that you will equally appreciate the terebinth tree; a gum issues
from incisions in the bark which hardens in the sun, and becomes as
transparent as amber; when burned it gives forth a most delicious
perfume, and when dissolved in spirits of wine, forms a beautiful
transparent varnish.'

The completion of our new farm-house occupied us several days; we wove
strong lianas and other creepers together to form the walls to the
height of about six feet; the rest, up to the roof, we formed merely of
a latticework of laths to admit both air and light. Within we divided
the house into three parts; one subdivided into stalls for the animals;
a second fitted with perches for the birds, and a third, simply
furnished with a rough table and benches, to serve as a
sleeping-apartment for ourselves, when we should find it necessary to
pay the place a visit. In a short time the dwelling was most
comfortably arranged, and as we daily filled the feeding-troughs with
the food the animals best liked, they showed no inclination to desert
the spot we had chosen for them.

Yet, hard as we had worked, we found that the provisions we had
brought with us would be exhausted before we could hope to be able to
leave the farm. I therefore dispatched Jack and Fritz for fresh

During their absence, Ernest and I made a short excursion in the
neighbourhood, that we might know more exactly the character of the
country near our farm.

Passing over a brook which flowed towards the wall of rocks, we
reached a large marsh, and as we walked round it, I noticed with
delight that it was covered with the rice plant growing wild in the
greatest profusion. Here and there only were there any ripe plants, and
from these rose a number of ruffed grouse, at which both Ernest and I
let fly. Two fell, and Fangs, who was with us, brought them to our

As we advanced, Knips skipped from the back of his steed Juno and
began to regale himself on some fruit, at a short distance off; we
followed the little animal and found him devouring delicious
strawberries. Having enjoyed the fruit ourselves, we filled the hamper
Knips always carried, and secured the fruit from his pilfering paws
with leaves fixed firmly down.

I then took a sample of the rice seeds to show my wife, and we
continued our journey.

Presently we reached the borders of the pretty lake which we had seen
beyond the swamp. The nearer aspect of its calm blue waters greatly
charmed us, and still more so, the sight of numbers of black swans,
disporting themselves on the glassy surface, in which their stately
forms and graceful movements were reflected as in a mirror. It was
delightful to watch these splendid birds, old and young swimming
together in the peaceful enjoyment of life, seeking their food, and
pursuing one another playfully in the water.

I could not think of breaking in upon their happy beautiful existence
by firing among them, but our dog Juno was by no means so considerate;
for all at once I heard a plunge, and saw her drag out of the water a
most peculiar-looking creature, something like a small otter, but not
above twenty-two inches in length, which she would have torn to pieces,
had we not hurried up and taken it from her.

This curious little animal was of a soft dark brown colour, the fur
being of a lighter shade under the belly; its feet were furnished with
large claws, and also completely webbed, the head small, with deeply
set eyes and ears, and terminating in a broad flat bill like that of a

This singularity seemed to us so droll that we both laughed heartily,
feeling at the same time much puzzled to know what sort of animal it
could possibly be. For want of a better, we gave it the name of the
`Beast with a Bill'*, and Ernest willingly undertook to carry it, that
it might be stuffed and kept as a curiosity.

   * A platypus. The next time they encounter one, he knows its name.

After this we returned to the farm, thinking our messengers might soon
arrive, and sure enough, in about a quarter of an hour, Fritz and Jack
made their appearance at a brisk trot, and gave a circumstantial
account of their mission.

    *****NOTE: To get supplies, about fourteen paragraphs earlier.
    But what else did they do? Something is left out.

I was pleased to see that they had fulfilled their orders
intelligently, carrying out my intentions in the spirit and not
blindly to the letter.

Next morning we quitted the farm (which we named Woodlands), after
providing amply for the wants of the animals, sheep, goats and poultry,
which we left there.

Shortly afterwards, on entering a wood, we found it tenanted by an
enormous number of apes, who instantly assailed us with showers of
fir-cones, uttering hideous and angry cries, and effectually checking
our progress, until we put them to flight by a couple of shots, which
not a little astonished their weak minds.

Fritz picked up some of their missiles, and, showing them to me, I
recognized the cone of the stone-pine.

`By all means gather some of these cones, boys,' said I; `you will find
the kernel has a pleasant taste, like almonds, and from it we can, by
pressing, obtain an excellent oil. Therefore I should like to carry
some home with us.'

A hill, which seemed to promise a good view from its summit, next
attracted my notice, and, on climbing it we were more than repaid for
the exertion by the extensive and beautiful prospect which lay spread
before our eyes.

The situation altogether was so agreeable, that here also I resolved to
make a settlement, to be visited occasionally, and, after resting
awhile and talking the matter over we set to work to build a cottage
such as we had lately finished at Woodlands.

Our experience there enabled us to proceed quickly with the work, and
in a few days the rustic abode was completed, and received, by Ernest's
choice, the grand name of Prospect Hill.

My chief object in undertaking this expedition had been to discover
some tree from whose bark I could hope to make a useful light boat or
canoe. Hitherto I had met with none at all fit for my purpose, but, not
despairing of success, I began, when the cottage was built, to examine
carefully the surrounding woods, and, after considerable trouble, came
upon two magnificent tall straight trees, the bark of which seemed
something like that of the birch.

Selecting one whose trunk was, to a great height, free from branches,
we attached to one of the lower of these boughs the rope ladder we had
with us, and, Fritz ascending it, cut the bark through in a circle; I
did the same at the foot of the tree, and then, from between the
circles, we took a narrow perpendicular slip of bark entirely out, so
that we could introduce the proper tools by which gradually to loosen
and raise the main part, so as finally to separate it from the tree
uninjured and entire. This we found possible, because the bark was
moist and flexible.

Great care and exertion were necessary, as the bark became detached, to
support it, until the whole was ready to be let gently down upon the
grass. This seemed a great achievement; but our work was by no means
ended, nor could we venture to desist from it, until, while the
material was soft and pliable, we had formed it into the shape we
desired for the canoe.

In order to do this, I cut a long triangular piece out of each end of
the roll, and, placing the sloping parts one over the other, I drew the
ends into a pointed form and secured them with pegs and glue.

This successful proceeding had, however, widened the boat, and made it
too flat in the middle, so that it was necessary to put ropes round it,
and tighten them until the proper shape was restored, before we could
allow it to dry in the sun.

This being all I could do without a greater variety of tools, I
determined to complete my work in a more convenient situation, and
forthwith dispatched Fritz and Jack with orders to bring the sledge
(which now ran on wheels taken from gun-carriages) that the canoe might
be transported direct to the vicinity of the harbour at Tentholm.

During their absence I fortunately found some wood naturally curved,
just suited for ribs to support and strengthen the sides of the boat.

When the two lads returned with the sledge, it was time to rest for the
night; but with early dawn we were again busily at work.

The sledge was loaded with the new boat, and everything else we could
pack into it, and we turned our steps homewards, finding the greatest
difficulty, however, in getting our vehicle through the woods. We
crossed the bamboo swamp, where I cut a fine mast for my boat, and came
at length to a small opening or defile in the ridge of rocks, where a
little torrent rushed from its source down into the larger stream
beyond; here we determined to make a halt, in order to erect a great
earth wall across the narrow gorge, which, being thickly planted with
prickly pear, Indian-fig, and every thorny bush we could find, would in
time form an effectual barrier against the intrusion of wild beasts,
the cliffs being, to the best of our belief, in every other part

For our own convenience we retained a small winding path through this
barrier, concealing and defending it with piles of branches and thorns,
and also we contrived a light drawbridge over the stream, so that we
rendered the pass altogether a very strong positron, should we ever
have to act on the defensive.

This work occupied two days, and continuing on our way, we were glad to
rest at Falconhurst before arriving (quite tired and worn out) at

It took some time to recruit our strength after this long and
fatiguing expedition, and then we vigorously resumed the task of
finishing the canoe. The arrangements, I flattered myself, were
carried out in a manner quite worthy of a shipbuilder; a mast, sails
and paddles were fitted, but my final touch, although I prized it
highly and considered it a grand and original idea, would no doubt have
excited only ridicule and contempt had it been seen by a naval man.

My contrivance was this: I had a couple of large air-tight bags, made
of the skins of the dog-fish, well tarred and pitched, inflated, and
made fast on each side of the boat, just above the level of the water.
These floats, however much she might be loaded, would effectually
prevent either the sinking or capsizing of my craft.

I may as well relate in this place what I omitted at the time of its
occurrence. During the rainy season our cow presented us with a
bull-calf, and that there might never be any difficulty in managing
him, I at a very early age, pierced his nose and placed a short stick
in it, to be exchanged for a ring when he was old enough. The question
now came to be, who should be his master, and to what should we train

`Why not teach him,' said Fritz, `to fight with wild animals and
defend us, like the fighting bulls of the Hottentots? That would be
really useful!'

`I am sure I should much prefer a gentle bull to a fighting one!'
exclaimed his mother. `But do you mean to say tame oxen can be taught
to act rationally on the defensive?'

`I can but repeat what I have heard or read,' replied I, `as regards
the race of Hottentots who inhabit the south of Africa, among all sorts
of wild and ferocious animals.

`The wealth of these people consists solely in their flocks and herds,
and for their protection, they train their bulls to act as guards.

`These courageous animals keep the rest from straying away, and when
danger threatens, they give instant notice of it, drive the herd
together in a mass, the calves and young cows being placed in the
centre; around them the bulls and strong oxen make a formidable circle
with their horned heads turned to the front, offering determined
resistance to the fiercest foe.

`These fighting bulls will even sometimes rush with dreadful bellowing
to meet the enemy; and should it be a mighty lion or other strong and
daring monster, sacrifice their own lives in defence of the herd.

`It is said that formerly, when Hottentot tribes made war on one
another, it was not unusual to place a troop of these stout-hearted
warriors in the van of the little army, when their heroism led to
decisive victory on one side or the other.

`But,' continued, I, `although I can see you are all delighted with my
description of these fine warlike animals, I think we had better train
this youngster to be a peaceable bull. Who is to have charge of him?'

Ernest thought it would be more amusing to train his monkey than a
calf. Jack, with the buffalo and his hunting jackal, had quite enough
on his hands. Fritz was content with the onager. Their mother was voted
mistress of the old grey donkey. And I myself being
superintendent-in-chief of the whole establishment of animals, there
remained only little Franz to whose special care the calf could be

`What say you, my boy--will you undertake to look after this little

`Oh yes, father!' he replied. `Once you told me about a strong man, I
think his name was Milo, and he had a tiny calf, and he used to carry
it about everywhere. It grew bigger and bigger, but still he carried it
often, till at last he grew so strong that when it was quite a great
big ox, he could lift it as easily as ever. And so you see, if I take
care of our wee calf and teach it to do what I like, perhaps when it
grows big I shall still be able to manage it, and then--oh, papa--do
you think I might ride upon it?'

I smiled at the child's simplicity, and his funny application of the
story of Milo of Crotona.

`The calf shall be yours, my boy. Make him as tame as you can, and we
will see about letting you mount him some day; but remember he will be
a great bull long before you are nearly a man. Now what will you call

`Shall I call him "Grumble", father? Hear what a low muttering noise he

`"Grumble" will do famously.'

`Grumble, Grumble. Oh, it beats your buffalo's name hollow, Jack!'

`Not a bit,' said he, `why, you can't compare the two names. Fancy
mother saying, "Here comes Franz on Grumble, but Jack riding on the
Storm." Oh, it sounds sublime!'

We named the two puppies Bruno and Fawn, and so ended this important
domestic business.

For two months we worked steadily at our salt-cave, in order to
complete the necessary arrangement of partition walls, so as to put the
rooms and stalls for the animals in comfortable order for the next long
rainy season, during which time, when other work would be at a
standstill, we could carry on many minor details for the improvement of
the abode.

We levelled the floors first with clay; then spread gravel mixed with
melted gypsum over that, producing a smooth hard surface, which did
very well for most of the apartments; but I was ambitious of having one
or two carpets, and set about making a kind of felt in the following

I spread out a large piece of sailcloth, and covered it equally all
over with a strong liquid, made of glue and isinglass, which saturated
it thoroughly. On it we then laid wool and hair from the sheep and
goats, which had been carefully cleaned and prepared, and rolled and
beat it until it adhered tolerably smoothly to the cloth. Finally it
became, when perfectly dry, a covering for the floor of our
sitting-room by no means to be despised.

One morning, just after these labours at the salt-cave were completed,
happening to awake unusually early, I turned my thoughts, as I lay
waiting for sunrise, to considering what length of time we had now
passed on this coast, and discovered, to my surprise, that the very
next day would be the anniversary of our escape from the wreck. My
heart swelled with gratitude to the gracious God, who had then granted
us deliverance, and ever since had loaded us with benefits; and I
resolved to set tomorrow apart as a day of thanksgiving, in joyful
celebration of the occasion.

My mind was full of indefinite plans when I rose, and the day's work
began as usual. I took care that everything should be cleaned, cleared
and set in order both outside and inside our dwelling: none, however,
suspecting that there was any particular object in view. Other more
private preparations I also made for the next day. At supper I made the
coming event known to the assembled family.

`Good people! do you know that tomorrow is a very great and important
day? We shall have to keep it in honour of our merciful escape to this
land, and call it Thanksgiving-Day.'

Everyone was surprised to hear that we had already been twelve months
in the country--indeed, my wife believed I might be mistaken, until I
showed her how I had calculated regularly ever since the 31st of
January, on which day we were wrecked, by marking off in my almanac the
Sundays as they arrived for the remaining eleven months of that year.

`Since then,' I added, `I have counted thirty-one days. This is the 1st
of February. We landed on the 2nd; therefore tomorrow is the
anniversary of the day of our escape. As my bookseller has not sent me
an almanac for the present year, we must henceforth reckon for

`Oh, that will be good fun for us,' said Ernest. `We must have a long
stick, like Robinson Crusoe, and cut a notch in it every day, and count
them up every now and then, to see how the weeks and months and years
go by.'

`That is all very well, if you know for certain the number of days in
each month, and in the year. What do you say, Ernest?'

`The year contains 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 45 seconds,'
returned he promptly.

`Perfectly correct!' said I, smiling, `but you would get in a mess with
those spare hours, minutes, and seconds in a year or two, wouldn't

`Not at all! Every four years I would add them all together, make a
day, stick it into February, and call that year leap year.'

`Well done, Professor Ernest! We must elect you astronomer royal in
this our kingdom, and let you superintend and regulate everything
connected with the lapse of time, clocks and watches included.'

Before they went to sleep, I could hear my boys whispering among
themselves, about `father's mysterious allusions' to next day's
festival and rejoicings; but I offered no explanation, and went to
sleep, little guessing that the rogues had laid a counter-plot, far
more surprising than my simple plan for their diversion.

Nothing less than a roar of artillery startled me from sleep at
daybreak next morning. I sprang up and found my wife as much alarmed as
I was by the noise, otherwise I should have been inclined to believe it

`Fritz! Dress quickly and come with me!' cried I, turning to his
hammock. Lo, it was empty! Neither he nor Jack were to be seen.

Altogether bewildered, I was hastily dressing, when their voices were
heard, and they rushed in shouting:

`Hurrah! Didn't we rouse you with a right good thundering salute?'

But perceiving at a glance that we had been seriously alarmed, Fritz
hastened to apologize for the thoughtless way in which they had sought
to do honour to the Day of Thanksgiving, without considering that an
unexpected cannon-shot would startle us unpleasantly from our slumbers.

We readily forgave the authors of our alarm, in consideration of the
good intention which had prompted the deed, and, satisfied that the day
had at least been duly inaugurated, we all went quietly to breakfast.

Afterwards we sat together for a long time, enjoying the calm beauty of
the morning, and talking of all that had taken place on the memorable
days of the storm a year ago; for I desired that the awful events of
that time should live in the remembrance of my children with a
deepening sense of gratitude of our deliverance.

Therefore I read aloud passages from my journal, as well as many
beautiful verses from the Psalms, expressive of joyful praise and
thanksgiving, so that even the youngest among us was impressed and
solemnized at the recollections of escape from a terrible death, and
also led to bless and praise the name of the Lord our Deliverer.

Dinner followed shortly after this happy service, and I then announced
for the afternoon a `Grand Display of Athletic Sports', in which I and
my wife were to be spectators and judges.

`Father, what a grand idea!'

`Oh, how jolly! Are we to run races?'

`And prizes! Will there be prizes, father?'

`The judges offer prizes for competition in every sort of manly
exercise,' replied I. `Shooting, running, riding, leaping, climbing,
swimming, we will have an exhibition of your skill in all. Now for it!

`Trumpeters! Sound for the opening of the lists.'

Uttering these last words in a stentorian voice and wildly waving my
arms towards a shady spot, where the ducks and geese were quietly
resting, had the absurd effect I intended.

Up they all started in a fright, gabbling and quacking loudly, to the
infinite amusement of the children, who began to bustle about in eager
preparations for the contest, and begging to know with what they were
to begin.

`Let us have shooting first, and the rest when the heat of the day
declines. Here is a mark I have got ready for you,' said I, producing a
board roughly shaped like a kangaroo, and of about the size of one.
This target was admired, but Jack could not rest satisfied till he had
added ears, and a long leather strap for a tail.

It was then fixed in the attitude most characteristic of the creature,
and the distance for firing measured off. Each of the three competitors
was to fire twice.

Fritz hit the kangaroo's head each time; Ernest hit the body once; and
Jack, by a lucky chance, shot the ears clean away from the head, which
feat raised a shout of laughter.

A second trial with pistols ensued, in which Fritz again came off

Then desiring the competitors to load with small shot, I threw a
little board as high as I possibly could up in the air, each in turn
aiming at and endeavouring to hit it before it touched the ground.

In this I found to my surprise that the sedate Ernest succeeded quite
as well as his more impetuous brother Fritz.

As for Jack, his flying board escaped wholly uninjured. After this
followed archery, which I liked to encourage, foreseeing that a time
might come when ammunition would fail; and in this practise I saw with
pleasure that my elder sons were really skilful, while even little
Franz acquitted himself well.

A pause ensued, and then I started a running match. Fritz, Ernest and
Jack were to run to Falconhurst, by the most direct path. The first to
reach the tree was to bring me, in proof of his success, a penknife I
had accidentally left on the table in my sleeping-room.

At a given signal, away went the racers in fine style. Fritz and Jack,
putting forth all their powers, took the lead at once, running in
advance of Ernest, who started at a good steady pace, which I predicted
he would be better able to maintain than such a furious rate as his

But long before we expected to see them back, a tremendous noise of
galloping caused us to look with surprise towards the bridge, and Jack
made his appearance, thundering along on his buffalo, with the onager
and the donkey tearing after him riderless, and the whole party in the
wildest spirits.

`Hollo!' cried I. `What sort of foot-race do you call this, Master

He shouted merrily as he dashed up to us; then flinging himself off,
and saluting us in a playful way:

`I very soon saw,' said he, `that I hadn't a chance; so renouncing all
idea of the prize, I caught Storm, and made him gallop home with me, to
be in time to see the others come puffing in. Lightfoot and old Grizzle
chose to join me--I never invited them!'

By and by the other boys arrived, Ernest holding up the knife in token
of being the winner; and after hearing all particulars about the
running, and that he had reached Falconhurst two minutes before Fritz,
we proceeded to test the climbing powers of the youthful athletes.

In this exercise Jack performed wonders. He ascended with remarkable
agility the highest palms whose stems he could clasp.

And when he put on the shark-skin buskins, which enabled him to take
firm hold of larger trees, he played antics like a squirrel or a
monkey: peeping and grinning at us, at first on one side of the stem,
and then on the other, in a most diverting way.

Fritz and Ernest climbed well, but could not come near the grace and
skill of their active and lively young brother.

Riding followed, and marvellous feats were performed, Fritz and Jack
proving themselves very equal in their management of their different
steeds. I thought the riding was over, when little Franz appeared from
the stable in the cave, leading young Grumble the bull-calf, with a
neat saddle of kangaroo hide, and a bridle passed through his nose

The child saluted us with a pretty little air of confidence,

`Now, most learned judges, prepare to see something quite new and
wonderful! The great bull-tamer, Milo of Crotona, desires the honour of
exhibiting before you.'

Then taking a whip, and holding the end of a long cord he made the
animal, at the word of command, walk, trot and gallop in a circle round
him. He afterwards mounted, and showed off Grumble's somewhat awkward

The sports were concluded by swimming-matches, and the competitors
found a plunge in salt water very refreshing after their varied

Fritz showed himself a master in the art. At home in the element, no
movement betokened either exertion or weariness. Ernest exhibited too
much anxiety and effort, while Jack was far too violent and hasty, and
soon became exhausted. Franz gave token of future skill.

By this time, as it was getting late, we returned to our dwelling, my
wife having preceded us in order to make arrangements for the ceremony
of prize-giving.

We found her seated in great state, with the prizes set out by her

The boys marched in, pretending to play various instruments in
imitation of a band, and then all four, bowing respectfully, stood
before her, like the victors in a tournament of old, awaiting the
reward of valour from the Queen of Beauty, which she bestowed with a
few words of praise and encouragement.

Fritz, to his immense delight, received as the prize for shooting and
swimming, a splendid double-barrelled rifle, and a beautiful

To Ernest, as winner of the running-match, was given a handsome gold

For climbing and riding, Jack had a pair of silver-plated spurs, and a
riding whip, both of which gave him extraordinary pleasure.

Franz received a pair of stirrups, and a driving whip made of
rhinoceros hide, which we thought would be of use to him in the
character of bull-trainer.

When the ceremony was supposed to be over, I advanced, and solemnly
presented to my wife a lovely work-box, filled with every imaginable
requirement for a lady's work-table, which she accepted with equal
surprise and delight.

The whole entertainment afforded the boys such intense pleasure, and
their spirits rose to such a pitch, that nothing would serve them but
another salvo of artillery in order to close with befitting dignity and
honour so great a day. They gave me no peace till they had leave to
squander some gunpowder, and then at last their excited feelings
seeming relieved, we were able to sit down to supper; shortly
afterwards we joined in family worship and retired to rest.

Soon after the great festival of our grand Thanksgiving Day I
recollected that it was now the time when, the figs at Falconhurst
being ripe, immense flocks of ortolans and wild pigeons were attracted
thither, and as we had found those preserved last year of the greatest
use among our stores of winter provisions, I would not miss the
opportunity of renewing our stock; and therefore, laying aside the
building work, we removed with all speed to our home in the tree, where
sure enough we found the first detachment of the birds already busy
with the fruit.

In order to spare ammunition, I resolved to concoct a strong sort of
bird-lime, of which I had read in some account of the Palm Islanders,
who make it of fresh caoutchouc mixed with oil, and of so good a
quality that it has been known to catch even peacocks and turkeys.

Fritz and Jack were therefore dispatched to collect some fresh
caoutchouc from the trees, and as this involved a good gallop on Storm
and Lightfoot, they nothing loth set off.

They took a supply of calabashes, in which to bring the gum, and we
found it high time to manufacture a fresh stock of these useful
vessels. I was beginning to propose an expedition to the Gourd-tree
wood, regretting the time it would take to go such a distance, when my
wife reminded me of her plantation near the potato-field.

There to our joy we found that all the plants were flourishing, and
crops of gourds and pumpkins, in all stages of ripeness, covered the

Selecting a great number suited to our purpose, we hastened home, and
began the manufacture of basins, dishes, plates, flasks and spoons of
all sorts and sizes, with even greater success than before.

When the riders returned with the caoutchouc, they brought several
novelties besides.

A crane, for example, shot by Fritz, and an animal which they called a
marmot, but which to me seemed much more like a badger.

Aniseed, turpentine and wax berries for candles, they had also
collected, and a curious root which they introduced by the name of the
monkey plant.

`And pray wherefore "monkey plant", may I ask?'

`Well, for this reason, father,' answered Fritz. `We came upon an open
space in the forest near Woodlands, and perceived a troop of monkeys,
apparently engaged as Jack said, in cultivating the soil! Being curious
to make out what they were at, we tied up the dogs, as well as Storm
and Lightfoot, and crept near enough to see that the apes were most
industriously grubbing up and eating roots. This they did in a way that
nearly choked us with laughter, for when the root was rather hard to
pull up, and the leaves were torn off, they seized it firmly in their
teeth, and flung themselves fairly heels-over-head in the most
ludicrous fashion you ever saw, and up came the root unable to resist
the leverage!

`Of course we wanted to see what this dainty morsel was like, so we
loosed the dogs, and the apes cleared out double quick, leaving plenty
of the roots about. We tasted them, and thought them very nice. Will
you try one?'

The plant was quite new to me, but I imagined it might be what is
called in China 'ginseng', and there prized and valued beyond
everything. The children being curious to hear more about this
ginseng, I continued:

`In China it is considered so strengthening and wholesome, that it is
used as a sort of universal medicine, being supposed to prolong human

`The emperor alone has the right to permit it to be gathered, and
guards are placed round land where it grows.

`Ginseng is to be found in Tartary, and has lately been discovered in
Canada; it is cultivated in Pennsylvania, because the Americans
introduce it secretly into China as smuggled merchandise.'

Fritz then continued:

`After this we went on to Woodlands; but mercy on us! What a confusion
the place was in! Everything smashed or torn, and covered with mud and
dirt; the fowls terrified, the sheep and goats scattered, the contents
of the rooms dashed about as if a whirlwind had swept through the

`What!' I exclaimed, while my wife looked horrified at the news,
conjuring up in her imagination hordes of savages who would soon come
and lay waste Falconhurst and Tentholm as well as Woodlands.

`How can that have happened? Did you discover the authors of all this

`Oh,' said Jack, `it was easy to see that those dreadful monkeys had
done it all. First they must have got into the yards and sheds, and
hunted the fowls and creatures about; and then I daresay the cunning
rascals put a little monkey in at some small opening, and bid him
unfasten the shutters--you know what nimble fingers they have. Then of
course the whole posse of them swarmed into our nice tidy cottage and
skylarked with every single thing they could lay paws on, till perhaps
they got hungry all at once, and bethought them of the "ginseng", as
you call it, out in the woods yonder, where we found them so busy
refreshing themselves, the mischievous villains!'

`While we were gazing at all this ruin in a sort of bewilderment,'
pursued Fritz, `we heard a sound of rushing wings and strange ringing
cries as of multitudes of birds passing high above us, and looking up
we perceived them flying quickly in a wedge-shaped flock at a great
height in the air. They began gradually to descend, taking the
direction of the lake, and separated into a number of small detachments
which followed in a long straight line, and at a slower rate, the
movements of the leaders, who appeared to be examining the
neighbourhood. We could now see what large birds they must be, but
dared not show ourselves or follow them, lest they should take alarm.

`Presently, and with one accord, they quickened their motion, just as
if the band had begun to play a quick march after a slow one, and
rapidly descended to earth in a variety of lively ways, and near enough
for us to see that they must be cranes.

`Some alighted at once, while others hovered sportively over them. Many
darted to the ground, and, just touching it, would soar again upward
with a strong but somewhat heavy flight.

`After gambolling in this way for a time, the whole multitude, as
though at the word of command, alighted on the rice-fields, and began
to feast on the fresh grain.

`We thought now was our time to get a shot at the cranes and
cautiously approached; but they were too cunning to let themselves be
surprised, and we came unexpectedly upon their outposts or sentinels,
who instantly sprang into the air uttering loud trumpet-like cries,
upon which the whole flock arose and followed them with a rush like a
sudden squall of wind.

`We were quite startled, and it was useless to attempt a shot; but
unwilling to miss the chance of securing at least one of the birds, I
hastily unhooded my eagle, and threw him into the air.

`With a piercing cry he soared away high above them, then shot
downwards like an arrow, causing wild confusion among the cranes.

`The one which the eagle attacked, sought to defend itself; a struggle
followed, and they came together to the ground not far from where we

`Hastening forward, to my grief I found the beautiful crane already
dead. The eagle, luckily unhurt, was rewarded with a small pigeon from
my game-bag.

`After this we went back to Woodlands, got some turpentine and a bag of
rice--and set off for home.'

Fritz's interesting story being ended, and supper ready, we made trial
of the new roots, and found them very palatable, either boiled or
stewed; the monkey plant, however, if it really proved to be the
ginseng of the Chinese, would require to be used with caution, being of
an aromatic and heating nature.

We resolved to transplant a supply of both roots to our kitchen

Chapter 10

On the following morning we were early astir; and as soon as breakfast
was over, we went regularly to work with the bird-lime. The tough,
adhesive mixture of caoutchouc oil and turpentine turned out well.

The boys brought rods, which I smeared over, and made them place among
the upper branches, where the fruit was plentiful, and the birds most

The prodigious number of the pigeons, far beyond those of last year,
reminded me that we had not then, as now, witnessed their arrival at
their feeding-places, but had seen only the last body of the season, a
mere party of stragglers, compared to the masses which now weighed down
the branches of all the trees in the neighbourhood.

The sweet acorns of the evergreen oaks were also patronized; large
flocks were there congregated; and from the state of the ground under
the trees it was evident that at night they roosted on the branches.
Seeing this, I determined to make a raid upon them by torchlight, after
the manner of the colonists in Virginia.

Meantime, the bird-lime acted well: the pigeons alighting, stuck fast.
The more they fluttered and struggled, the more completely were they
bedaubed with the tenacious mixture, and at length, with piteous cries,
fell to the ground, bearing the sticks with them. The birds were then
removed, fresh lime spread, and the snare set again.

The boys quickly became able to carry on the work without my
assistance; so, leaving it to them, I went to prepare torches, with
pinewood and turpentine, for the night attack.

Jack presently brought a very pretty pigeon, unlike the rest, to show
me, as he felt unwilling to kill it; and seeing that it must be one of
our own European breed, which we wished to preserve until their numbers
greatly increased, I took the trembling captive, and gently cleaned its
feet and wings with oil and ashes from the stiff, sticky mess with
which it was bedaubed, placing it then in a wicker cage, and telling
Jack to bring me any others like it which were caught. This he did; and
we secured several pairs, greatly to my satisfaction, as having
necessarily let them go free when we landed, they had become quite
wild, and we derived no advantage from them: whereas now we would have
a cot, and pigeon-pie whenever we liked.

When evening drew on, we set out for the wood of sweet acorns,
provided merely with long bamboo canes, torches and canvas sacks.

These weapons appeared very curious, and insufficient to the children;
but their use was speedily apparent: for darkness having come upon us
almost before we reached the wood, I lighted the torches, and
perceived, as I expected, that every branch was thickly laden with
ortolans and wild pigeons, who were roosting there in amazing numbers.

Suddenly aroused by the glare of light, confusion prevailed among the
terrified birds, who fluttered helplessly through the branches, dazzled
and bewildered, and many falling, even before we began to use the
sticks, were picked up, and put in the bags.

When we beat and struck the branches, it was as much as my wife and
Franz could do to gather up the quantities of pigeons that soon lay on
the ground. The sacks were speedily quite full. We turned homewards,
and on reaching Falconhurst, put our booty in safety, and gladly
withdrew to rest.

The following day was wholly occupied in plucking, boiling, roasting
and stewing, so that we could find time for nothing else; but next
morning a great expedition to Woodlands was arranged, that measures
might there be taken to prevent a repetition of the monkey invasion. I
hoped, could I but catch the mischievous rascals at their work of
destruction, to inflict upon them such a chastisement as would
effectually make them shun the neighbourhood of our farm for the

My wife provided us with a good store of provisions, as we were likely
to be absent several days, while she, with Franz and Turk, remained at

I took with me abundance of specially prepared birdlime, far stronger
than that which we used for the pigeons; a number of short posts,
plenty of string, and a supply of cocoanut shells and gourds.

The buffalo carried all these things, and one or two of the boys
besides. I myself bestrode the ass, and in due time we arrived at a
convenient spot in the forest, near Woodlands, well concealed by thick
bushes and underwood, where we made a little encampment, pitching the
small tent and tethering the animals. The dogs, too, were tied up, lest
they should roam about, and betray our presence.

We found the cottage quite quiet and deserted; and I lost no time in
preparing for the reception of visitors, hoping to be all ready for
them, and out of sight before they arrived.

We drove the stakes lightly into the ground, so as to form an
irregular paling round the house, winding string in and out in all
directions between them, thus making a kind of labyrinth, through which
it would be impossible to pass without touching either the stakes or
the cords.

Everything was plentifully besmeared with bird-lime; and basins of the
mixture were set in all directions, strewed with rice, maize, and other
dainties for bait.

Night came without any interruption to our proceedings; and all being
then accomplished, we retired to rest beneath the shelter of our little

Very early in the morning we heard a confused noise, such as we knew
betokened the approach of a large number of apes. We armed ourselves
with strong clubs and cudgels, and holding the dogs in leash, made our
way silently behind the thickets, till, ourselves unseen, we could
command a view of all that went on; and strange indeed was the scene
which ensued!

The noise of rustling, crackling and creaking among the branches, with
horrid cries, and shrieks, and chattering, increased to a degree
sufficient to make us perfectly giddy; and then out from the forest
poured the whole disorderly rabble of monkeys, scrambling, springing,
leaping from the trees, racing and tumbling across the grassy space
towards the house; when, at once attracted by the novelties they saw,
they made for the jars and bowls.

They seemed innumerable; but the confused, rapid way in which they
swarmed hither and thither, made it difficult to judge accurately of
their numbers. They dashed fearlessly through and over the palings in
all directions, some rushing at the eatables, some scrambling on to the
roof, where they commenced tugging at the wooden pegs, with a view to
forcing an entrance.

Gradually, however, as they rambled over the place, all in turn became
besmeared with our bird-lime on head, paws, back or breast. The
wretched predicament of the apes increased every instant.

Some sat down, and with the most ludicrous gestures, tried to clean
themselves. Others were hopelessly entangled in stakes and cordage,
which they trailed about after them, looking the picture of bewildered

Others, again, endeavoured to help one another, and stuck fast
together: the more they pulled, and tugged, and kicked, the worse
became their plight.

Many had the gourds and cocoanut shells lumbering and clattering about
with them, their paws having been caught when they sought to obtain the
rice or fruit we had put for bait.

Most ridiculous of all was the condition of one old fellow, who had
found a calabash, containing palm wine, and, eagerly drinking it, was
immediately fitted with a mask, for the shell stuck to his forehead and
whiskers, of course covering his eyes; and he blundered about, cutting
the wildest capers in his efforts to get rid of the encumbrance.

Numbers took to flight; but, as we had spread bird-lime on several of
the trees around, many apes found themselves fixed to, or hanging from
the branches, where they remained in woeful durance, struggling and
shrieking horribly.

The panic being now general, I loosed the three dogs, whose impatience
had been almost uncontrollable, and who now rushed to the attack of the
unfortunate monkeys, as though burning with zeal to execute justice
upon desperate criminals.

The place soon had the appearance of a ghastly battlefield; for we were
obliged to do our part with the clubs and sticks, till the din of
howling, yelling, barking, in every conceivable tone of rage and pain,
gave place to an awful silence, and we looked with a shudder on the
shocking spectacle around us.

At least forty apes lay mangled and dead, and the boys began to be
quite sad and downhearted, till I, fully sharing their feelings,
hastened to turn their thoughts to active employment in removing and
burying the slain, burning the stakes, cordage, bowls, everything
concerned in the execution of our deadly stratagem.

After that we betook ourselves to the task of restoring order to our
dismantled cottage; and seeking for the scattered flock of sheep,
goats, and poultry, we gradually collected them, hoping to settle them
once more peacefully in their yards and sheds.

While thus engaged, we repeatedly heard a sound as of something heavy
falling from a tree. On going to look, we found three splendid birds,
caught on some of the limed sticks we had placed loose in the branches.

Two of these proved to be a variety of the Blue Molucca pigeon; the
third I assumed to be the Nicobar pigeon, having met with descriptions
of its resplendent green, bronze, and steely-blue plumage; and I was
pleased to think of domesticating them, and establishing them as first
tenants of a suitable dwelling near the cave.

`First tenants, father!' said Fritz. `Do you expect to catch more like

`Not exactly catch them; I mean to practise a secret art. Much can be
done by magic, Fritz!'

Further explanation I declined to give.

In a few days, Woodlands was once more set in order, and everything
settled and comfortable, so that we returned without further adventure
to Falconhurst, where we were joyfully welcomed.

Every one agreed that we must go at once to Tentholm, to make the
proposed pigeon-house in the rock. Several other things there also
requiring our attention, we made arrangements for a prolonged stay.

My plan for the pigeon-house was to hollow out an ample space in the
cliff, facing towards Jackal river, and close to our rocky home,
fitting that up with partitions, perches and nesting-places; while a
large wooden front was fitted on to the opening, with entrance-holes,
slides, or shutters, and a broad platform in front, where the birds
could rest, and walk about.

When, after the work of a few weeks, we thought it was fit for
habitation, I set the other children to work at some distance from our
cavern, and summoning Fritz:

`Now, my faithful assistant,' said I, `it is time to conjure the new
colonists to their settlement here. Yes,' I continued, laughing at his
puzzled look. `I mean to play a regular pigeon-dealer's trick. You must
know such gentry are very ingenious, not only in keeping their own
pigeons safe, but in adding to their numbers by attracting those of
other people. All I want is some soft clay, aniseed and salt, of which
I will compound a mixture, which our birds will like very much, and the
smell of which will bring others to share it with them.'

`I can easily get you those things, father.'

`I shall want some oil of aniseed besides,' said I, `to put on the
pigeon-holes, so that the birds' feathers may touch it as they pass in
and out, and become scented with what will attract the wild pigeons.
This I can obtain by pounding aniseed; therefore, bring me the mortar
and some oil.'

When this was strongly impregnated with the aromatic oil from the
seeds (for I did not purpose to distill it in regular style), I
strained it through a cloth, pressing it strongly: the result answered
my purpose, and the scent would certainly remain for some days.

All my preparations being completed, the pigeons were installed in
their new residence, and the slides closed. The European birds were by
this time quite friendly with the three beautiful strangers; and when
the other boys came home, and scrambled up the ladder to peep in at a
little pane of glass I had fixed in front, they saw them all
contentedly picking up grain, and pecking at the `magic food', as Fritz
called it, although he did not betray my secret arts to his brothers.

Early on the third morning I aroused Fritz, and directed him to ascend
the rope ladder, and arrange a cord on the sliding door of the
dove-cot, by which it could be opened or closed from below. Also he
poured fresh aniseed oil all about the entrance, after which we
returned, and awoke the rest of the family, telling them that if they
liked to make haste, they might see me let the pigeons fly.

Everybody came to the dove-cot, understanding that some ceremony was to
attend the event, and I waved a wand with mock solemnity, while I
muttered a seeming incantation, and then gave Fritz a sign to draw up
the sliding panel.

Presently out popped the pretty heads of the captives, the soft eyes
glanced about in all directions; they withdrew, they ventured forth
again, they came timidly out on `the verandah', as little Franz
expressed it; then, as though suddenly startled, the whole party took
wing, with the shrill whizzing sound peculiar to the flight of pigeons,
and circling above us, they rose higher, higher, finally darting quite
out of sight.

While we were yet gazing after them, they reappeared, and settled
quietly on the dove-cot; but as we congratulated ourselves on a return
which showed they accepted this as a home, up sprang the three blue
pigeons, the noble foreigners, for whom chiefly I had planned the
house, and rising in circles high in air, winged their rapid way direct
towards Falconhurst.

Their departure had such air of determination and resolve about it,
that I feared them lost to us for ever.

Endeavouring to console ourselves by petting our four remaining birds,
we could not forget this disappointment, and all day long the dove-cot
remained the centre of attraction.

Nothing, however, was seen of the fugitives until about the middle of
next day; when most of us were hard at work inside the cavern, Jack
sprang in full of excitement, exclaiming:

`He is there! He is come! He really is!'

`Who? Who is there? What do you mean?'

`The blue pigeon, to be sure! Hurrah! Hurrah!'

`Oh, nonsense!' said Ernest. `You want to play us a trick.'

`Why should it be "nonsense"?' cried I. `I fully believe we shall see
them all soon!'

Out ran everybody to the dove-cot, and there, sure enough, stood the
pretty fellow, but not alone, for he was billing and cooing to a mate,
a stranger of his own breed, apparently inviting her to enter his
dwelling; for he popped in and out at the door, bowing, sidling, and
cooing, in a most irresistible manner, until the shy little lady
yielded to his blandishments, and tripped daintily in.

`Now, let's shut the door. Pull the cord and close the panel!' shouted
the boys, making a rush at the string.

`Stop!' cried I. `Let the string alone! I won't have you frighten the
little darlings. Besides, the others will be coming--would you shut the
door in their faces?'

`Here they come! Here they come!' exclaimed Fritz, whose keen eye
marked the birds afar, and to our delight the second blue pigeon
arrived, likewise with a mate, whom, after a pretty little flirtation
scene of real and assumed modesty on her part, he succeeded in leading

The third and handsomest of the new pigeons was the last in making his
appearance. Perhaps he had greater difficulty than the others in
finding a mate as distinguished in rank and beauty as himself. However,
we fully expected them, and the boys talked of the arrival of `Mr. and
Mrs. Nicobar' as a matter of course.

Late in the day Franz and his mother went out to provide for supper,
but the child returned directly, exclaiming that we must hasten to the
dove-cot to see something beautiful.

Accordingly a general rush was made out of the cave, and we saw with
delight that the third stranger also had returned with a lovely bride,
and encouraged by the presence of the first arrivals, they soon made
themselves at home.

In a short time nest-building commenced, and among the materials
collected by the birds, I observed a long grey moss or lichen, and
thought it might very possibly be the same which, in the West Indies,
is gathered from the bark of old trees, where it grows, and hangs in
great tuft-like beards, to be used instead of horse-hair for stuffing

My wife no sooner heard of it, than her active brain devised fifty
plans for making it of use. Would we but collect enough, she would
clean and sort it, and there would be no end to the bolsters, pillows,
saddles, and cushions she would stuff with it.

For the discovery of nutmegs we had also to thank the pigeons, and they
were carefully planted in our orchard. For some time no event of
particular note occurred, until at length Jack, as usual, got into a
scrape causing thereby no little excitement at home.

He went off early on one of his own particular private expeditions.

He was in the habit of doing this that he might surprise us with some
new acquisition on his return.

This time, however, he came back in most wretched plight, covered with
mud and green slime; a great bundle of Spanish canes was on his back,
muddy and green like himself; he had lost a shoe, and altogether
presented a ludicrous picture of misery, at which we could have
laughed, had he not seemed more ready to cry!

`My dear boy! What has happened to you? Where have you been?'

`Only in the swamp behind the powder magazine, father,' replied he. `I
went to get reeds for my wickerwork, because I wanted to weave some
baskets and hen-coops, and I saw such beauties a little way off in the
marsh, much finer than those close by the edge, that I tried to get at

`I jumped from one firm spot to another, till at last I slipped and
sank over my ankles; I tried to get on towards the reeds, which were
close by, but in I went deeper and deeper, till I was above the knees
in thick soft mud, and there I stuck!

`I screamed and shouted, but nobody came, and I can tell you I was in a
regular fright.

`At last who should appear but my faithful Fangs! He knew my voice and
came close up to me, right over the swamp, but all the poor beast could
do, was to help me to make a row; I wonder you did not hear us! The
very rocks rang, but nothing came of it, so despair drove me to think
of an expedient. I cut down all the reeds I could reach round and round
me, and bound them together into this bundle, which made a firm place
on which to lean, while I worked and kicked about to free my feet and
legs, and after much struggling, I managed to get astride on the reeds.

`There I sat, supported above the mud and slime, while Fangs ran
yelping backwards and forwards between me and the bank, seeming
surprised I did not follow. Suddenly I thought of catching hold of his
tail. He dragged and pulled, and I sprawled, and crawled, and waded,
sometimes on my reeds like a raft, sometimes lugging them along with
me, till we luckily got back to terra firma. But I had a near squeak
for it, I can tell you.'

`A fortunate escape indeed, my boy!' cried I, `And I thank God for it.
Fangs has really acted a heroic part as your deliverer, and you have
shown great presence of mind. Now go with your mother, and get rid of
the slimy traces of your disaster! You have brought me splendid canes,
exactly what I want for a new scheme of mine.'

The fact was, I meant to try to construct a loom for my wife, for I
knew she understood weaving, so I chose two fine strong reeds, and
splitting them carefully, bound them together again, that when dry they
might be quite straight and equal, and fit for a frame. Smaller reeds
were cut into pieces and sharpened for the teeth of the comb. The boys
did this for me without in the least knowing their use, and great fun
they made of `father's monster toothpicks'.

In time all the various parts of the loom were made ready and put
together, my wife knowing nothing of it, while to the incessant
questions of the children, I replied mysteriously:

`Oh, it is an outlandish sort of musical instrument; mother will know
how to play upon it.'*

   * He has forgotten his dictum about truth even in jest.

And when the time came for presenting it, her joy was only equalled by
the amusement and interest with which the children watched her
movements while `playing the loom', as they always said.

About this time, a beautiful little foal, a son of the onager, was
added to our stud, and as he promised to grow up strong and tractable,
we soon saw how useful he would be. The name of `Swift' was given to
him, and he was to be trained for my own riding.

The interior arrangements of the cavern being now well forward, I
applied myself to contriving an aqueduct, that fresh water might be led
close up to our cave, for it was a long way to go to fetch it from
Jackal River, and especially inconvenient on washing days. As I wanted
to do this before the rainy season began, I set about it at once.

Pipes of hollow bamboo answered the purpose well, and a large cask
formed the reservoir. The supply was good, and the comfort of having it
close at hand so great, that my wife declared she was as well pleased
with our engineering as if we had made her a fountain and marble basin
adorned with mermaids and dolphins.

Anticipating the setting-in of the rains, I pressed forward all work
connected with stores for the winter, and great was the in-gathering of
roots, fruits, and grains, potatoes, rice, guavas, sweet acorns,
pine-cones; load after load arrived at the cavern, and my wife's active
needle was in constant requisition, as the demand for more sacks and
bags was incessant.

Casks and barrels of all sorts and sizes were pressed into the
service, until at last the raft was knocked to pieces, and its tubs
made to do duty in the store-rooms.

The weather became very unsettled and stormy. Heavy clouds gathered in
the horizon, and passing storms of wind, with thunder, lightning, and
torrents of rain swept over the face of nature from time to time.

The sea was in frequent commotion; heavy groundswells drove masses of
water hissing and foaming against the cliffs.

Everything heralded the approaching rains. All nature joined in
sounding forth the solemn overture to the grandest work of the year.

It was now near the beginning of the month of June, and we had twelve
weeks of bad weather before us.

We established some of the animals with ourselves at the salt-cave. The
cow, the ass, Lightfoot, Storm and the dogs, were all necessary to us,
while Knips, Fangs and the eagle were sure to be a great amusement in
the long evenings.

The boys would ride over to Falconhurst very often to see that all was
in order there, and fetch anything required.

Much remained to be done in order to give the cave a comfortable
appearance, which became more desirable now that we had to live

The darkness of the inner regions annoyed me, and I set myself to
invent a remedy. After some thought, I called in Jack's assistance, and
we got a very tall, strong bamboo, which would reach right up to the
vaulted roof. This we planted in the earthen floor, securing it well by
driving wedges in round it.

Jack ascended this pole very cleverly, taking with him a hammer and
chisel to enlarge a crevice in the roof so as to fix a pulley, by means
of which, when he descended, I drew up a large ship's lantern, well
supplied with oil, and as there were four wicks, it afforded a very
fair amount of light.

Several days were spent in arranging the different rooms. Ernest and
Franz undertook the library, fixing shelves, and setting the books in
order. Jack and his mother took in hand the sitting-room and kitchen,
while Fritz and I, as better able for heavy work, arranged the
workshops. The carpenter's bench, the turning lathe, and a large chest
of tools were set in convenient places, and many tools and instruments
hung on the walls.

An adjoining chamber was kitted up as a forge, with fire-place,
bellows, and anvil, complete, all which we had found in the ship,
packed together, and ready to set up.

When the great affairs were settled, we still found in all directions
work to be done. Shelves, tables, benches, movable steps, cupboards,
pegs, door-handles and bolts--there seemed no end to our requirements,
and we often thought of the enormous amount of work necessary to
maintain the comforts and conveniences of life which at home we had
received as matters of course.

But in reality, the more there was to do the better; and I never
ceased contriving fresh improvements, being fully aware of the
importance of constant employment as a means of strengthening and
maintaining the health of mind and body. This, indeed, with a
consciousness of continual progress toward a desirable end, is found to
constitute the main element of happiness.

Our rocky home was greatly improved by a wide porch which I made along
the whole front of our rooms and entrances, by levelling the ground to
form a terrace, and sheltering it with a verandah of bamboo, supported
by pillars of the same.

Ernest and Franz were highly successful as librarians. The books, when
unpacked and arranged, proved to be a most valuable collection, capable
of affording every sort of educational advantage.

Besides a variety of books of voyages, travels, divinity, and natural
history (several containing fine coloured illustrations), there were
histories and scientific works, as well as standard fictions in several
languages; also a good assortment of maps, charts, mathematical and
astronomical instruments, and an excellent pair of globes.

I foresaw much interesting study on discovering that we possessed the
grammars and dictionaries of a great many languages, a subject for
which we all had a taste. With French we were well acquainted. Fritz
and Ernest had begun to learn English at school, and made further
progress during a visit to England. Their mother, who had once been
intimate with a Dutch family, could speak that language pretty well.

After a great deal of discussion, we agreed to study different
languages, so that in the event of meeting with people of other
nations, there should be at least one of the family able to
communicate with them.

All determined to improve our knowledge of German and French. The two
elder boys were to study English and Dutch with their mother.

Ernest, already possessing considerable knowledge of Latin, wished to
continue to study it, so as to be able to make use of the many works on
natural history and medicine written in that language.

Jack announced that he meant to learn Spanish `because it sounded so
grand and imposing'.

I myself was interested in the Malay language, knowing it to be so
widely spoken in the islands of the Eastern Seas, and thinking it as
likely as any other to be useful to us.

Our family circle by and by represented Babel in miniature, for scraps
and fragments of all these tongues kept buzzing about our ears from
morning to night, each sporting his newly acquired word or sentence on
every possible occasion, propounding idioms and peculiar expressions
like riddles, to puzzle the rest.

In this way, the labour of learning was very considerably lightened,
and everyone came to know a few words of each language.

Occasionally we amused ourselves by opening chests and packages
hitherto untouched, and brought unexpected treasures to
light--mirrors, wardrobes, a pair of console tables with polished
marble tops, elegant writing tables and handsome chairs, clocks of
various descriptions, a musical-box, and a chronometer were found; and
by degrees our abode was fitted up like a palace, so that sometimes we
wondered at ourselves, and felt as though we were strutting about in
borrowed plumes.

The children begged me to decide on a name for our salt cave dwelling,
and that of Rockburg was chosen unanimously.

The weeks of imprisonment passed so rapidly that no one found time hang
heavy on his hands.

Books occupied me so much that but little carpentering was done, yet I
made a yoke for the oxen, a pair of cotton-wool carders, and a
spinning-wheel for my wife.

As the rainy season drew to a close, the weather for a while became
wilder, and the storms fiercer than ever. Thunder roared, lightning
blazed, torrents rushed towards the sea, which came in raging billows
to meet them, lashed to fury by the tempests of wind which swept the
surface of the deep.

The uproar of the elements came to an end at last. Nature resumed her
attitude of repose, her smiling aspect of peaceful beauty; and soon all
traces of the ravages of floods and storms would disappear beneath the
luxuriant vegetation of the tropics.

Gladly quitting the sheltering walls of Rockburg to roam once more in
the open air, we crossed Jackal River, for a walk along the coast, and
presently Fritz with his sharp eyes observed something on the small
island near Flamingo Marsh, which was, he said, long and rounded,
resembling a boat bottom upwards.

Examining it with the telescope, I could form no other conjecture, and
we resolved to make it the object of an excursion next day, being
delighted to resume our old habit of starting in pursuit of adventure.
The boat was accordingly got in readiness; it required some repairs,
and fresh pitching, and then we made for the point of interest,
indulging in a variety of surmises as to what we should find.

It proved to be a huge stranded whale. The island being steep and
rocky, it was necessary to be careful; but we found a landing-place on
the further side. The boys hurried by the nearest way to the beach
where lay the monster of the deep, while I clambered to the highest
point of the islet, which commanded a view of the mainland from
Rockburg to Falconhurst.

On rejoining my sons, I found them only half-way to the great fish, and
as I drew near they shouted in high glee:

`Oh, father, just look at the glorious shells and coral branches we are
finding! How does it happen that there are such quantities?'

`Only consider how the recent storms have stirred the ocean to its
depths! No doubt thousands of shellfish have been detached from their
rocks and dashed in all direction by the waves, which have thrown
ashore even so huge a creature as the whale yonder.'

`Yes; isn't he a frightful great brute!' cried Fritz. `Ever so much
larger than he seemed from a distance. The worst of it is, one does not
well see what use to make of the huge carcase.'

`Why, make train oil, to be sure,' said Ernest. `I can't say he's a
beauty, though, and it is much pleasanter to gather these lovely
shells, than to cut up blubber.'

`Well, let us amuse ourselves with them for the present,' said I, `but
in the afternoon, when the sea is calmer, we will return with the
necessary implements, and see if we can turn the stranded whale to good

We were soon ready to return to the boat, but Ernest had a fancy for
remaining alone on the island till we came back, and asked my
permission to do so, that he might experience, for an hour or two, the
sensations of Robinson Crusoe.

To this, however, I would not consent, assuring him that our fate, as a
solitary family, gave him quite sufficient idea of shipwreck on an
uninhabited island, and that his lively imagination must supply the

The boys found it hard work to row back, and began to beg of me to
exert my wonderful inventive powers in contriving some kind of rowing

`You lazy fellows!' returned I. `Give me the great clockwork out of a
church tower, perhaps I might be able to relieve your labours.'

`Oh father!' cried Fritz. `Don't you know there are iron wheels in the
clockwork of the large kitchen-jacks? I'm sure mother would give them
up, and you could make something out of them, could you not?'

`By the time I have manufactured a rowing-machine out of a
roasting-jack, I think your arms will be pretty well inured to the use
of your oars! However, I am far from despising the hint, my dear

`Is coral of any use?' demanded Jack suddenly.

`In former times it was pounded and used by chemists; but it is now
chiefly used for various ornaments, and made into beads for necklaces
et cetera. As such, it is greatly prized by savages, and were we to
fall in with natives, we might very possibly find a store of coral
useful in bartering with them.

`For the present we will arrange these treasures of the deep in our
library, and make them the beginning of a Museum of Natural History,
which will afford us equal pleasure and instruction.'

`One might almost say that coral belongs at once to the animal,
vegetable, and mineral kingdoms,' remarked Fritz; `it is hard like
stone, it has stems and branches like a shrub, and I believe tiny
insects inhabit the cells, do they not, father?'

`You are right, Fritz; coral consists of the calcereous cells of
minute animals, so built up as to form a tree-like structure.

`The coral fishery gives employment to many men in the Persian Gulf,
the Mediterranean Sea, and other places. The instrument commonly used
consists of two heavy beams of wood, secured together at right angles,
and loaded with stones. Hemp and netting are attached to the under side
of the beams, to the middle of which is fastened one end of a strong
rope, by which the apparatus is let down from a boat, and guided to the
spots where the coral is most abundant.

`The branches of the coral become entangled in the hemp and network;
they are broken off from the rock, and are drawn to the surface of the

`Left undisturbed, these coral insects, labouring incessantly, raise
foundations, on which, in course of time, fertile islands appear,
clothed with verdure, and inhabited by man.'

`Why father, here we are at the landing-place!' exclaimed Jack.

`It has seemed quite easy to pull since you began to tell us such
interesting things.'

`Very interesting, indeed; but did you notice that the wind had
changed, Jack?' remarked Ernest as he shipped his oar.

The animated recital of our adventures, the sight of the lovely shells
and corals, and the proposed work for the afternoon, inspired my wife
and Franz with a great wish to accompany us.

To this I gladly consented, only stipulating that we should go
provided with food, water and a compass. `For,' said I, `the sea has
only just ceased from its raging, and being at the best of times of
uncertain and capricious nature, we may chance to be detained on the
island, or forced to land at a considerable distance from home.'

Dinner was quickly dispatched, and preparations set on foot. The more
oil we could obtain the better, for a great deal was used in the large
lantern which burnt day and night in the recesses of the cave;
therefore all available casks and barrels were pressed into the
service; many, of course, once full of pickled herrings, potted pigeons
and other winter stores, were now empty, and we took a goodly fleet of
these in tow.

Knives, hatchets, and the boys' climbing buskins, were put on board,
and we set forth, the labour of the oar being greater than ever, now
that our freight was so much increased.

The sea being calm, and the tide suiting better, we found it easy to
land close to the whale; my first care was to place the boat, as well
as the casks, in perfect security, after which we proceeded to a close
inspection of our prize.

Its enormous size quite startled my wife and little boy; the length
being from sixty to sixty-five feet, and the girth between thirty and
forty, while the weight could not have been less than 50,000 lbs.

The color was a uniform velvety black, and the enormous head about
one-third of the length of the entire hulk, the eyes quite small, not
much larger than those of an ox, and the ears almost undiscernable.

The jaw opened very far back, and was nearly sixteen feet in length,
the most curious part of its structure being the remarkable substance
known as whalebone, masses of which appeared all along the jaws, solid
at the base, and splitting into a sort of fringe at the extremity. This
arrangement is for the purpose of aiding the whale in procuring its
food, and separating it from the water.

The tongue was remarkably large, soft, and full of oil; the opening of
the throat wonderfully small, scarcely two inches in diameter.

`Why, what can the monster eat?' exclaimed Fritz; `he can never
swallow a proper mouthful down this little gullet!'

`The mode of feeding adopted by the whale is so curious,' I replied,
`that I must explain it to you before we begin work.

`This animal (for I should tell you that a whale is not a fish; he
possess no gills, he breathes atmospheric air, and would be drowned if
too long detained below the surface of the water); this animal, then,
frequents those parts of the ocean best supplied with the various
creatures on which he feeds. Shrimps, small fish, lobsters, various
molluscs, and medusae form his diet.

`Driving with open mouth through the congregated shoals of these
little creatures, the whale engulfs them by millions in his enormous
jaws, and continues his destructive course until he has sufficiently
charged his mouth with prey.

`Closing his jaws and forcing out, through the interstices of the
whalebone, the water which he has taken with his prey, he retains the
captured animals, and swallows them at his leisure.

`The nostrils, or blow-holes, are placed, you see, on the upper part of
the head, in order that the whale may rise to breathe, and repose on
the surface of the sea, showing very little of his huge carcase.

`The breathings are called "spoutings," because a column of mixed
vapor and water is thrown from the blow-holes, sometimes to a height of
twenty feet.

`And now, boys,' cried I, `fasten on your buskins, and let me see if
you can face the work of climbing this slippery mountain of flesh, and
cutting it up.'

Fritz and Jack stripped, and went to work directly, scrambling over the
back to the head, where they assisted me to cut away the lips, so as to
reach the whale bone, a large quantity of which was detached and
carried to the boat.

Ernest laboured manfully at the creature's side, cutting out slabs of
blubber, while his mother and Franz helped as well as they could to put
it in casks.

Presently we had a multitude of unbidden guests. The air was filled by
the shrill screams and hoarse croaks and cries of numbers of birds of
prey; they flew around us in ever narrowing circles, and becoming
bolder as their voracity was excited by the near view of the tempting
prey, they alighted close to us, snatching morsels greedily from under
the very strokes of our knives and hatchets.

Our work was seriously interrupted by these feathered marauders, who,
after all, were no greater robbers than we ourselves. We kept them off
as well as we could by blows from our tools, and several were killed,
my wife taking possession of them immediately for the sake of the

It was nearly time to leave the island, but first I stripped off a long
piece of the skin, to be used for traces, harness, and other
leather-work. It was about three-quarters of an inch thick, and very
soft and oily--but I knew it would shrink and be tough and durable.

I also took a part of the gums in which the roots of the baleen or
whalebone was still embedded, having read that this is considered quite
a delicacy, as well as the skin, which, when properly dressed and cut
in little cubes, like black dice, has been compared, by enthusiastic
(and probably very hungry) travellers, to cocoanut and cream-cheese.

The boys thought the tongue might prove equally palatable, but I
valued it only on account of the large quantity of oil it contained.

With a heavy freight we put to sea, and made what haste we could to
reach home and cleanse our persons from the unpleasant traces of the
disgusting work in which we had spent the day.

Next morning we started at dawn. My wife and Franz were left behind,
for our proposed work was even more horrible than that of the preceding
day; they could not assist, and had no inclination to witness it.

It was my intention to open the carcase completely, and, penetrating
the interior, to obtain various portions of the intestines, thinking
that it would be possible to convert the larger ones into vessels fit
for holding the oil.

This time we laid aside our clothes and wore only strong canvas
trousers when we commenced operations, which were vigorously carried on
during the whole of the day; then, satisfied that we could do so with a
clear conscience, we abandoned the remains to the birds of prey, and,
with a full cargo, set sail for land.

On the way, it appeared to strike the boys (who had made not the
slightest objection to the singularly unpleasant task I had set them)
as very strange that I should wish to possess what they had been
working so hard to procure for me.

`What can have made you wish to bring away that brute's entrails,
father? Are they of any use?'

`There are countries,' I replied, `where no wood grows of which to make
barrels, and no hemp for thread, string and cordage. Necessity, the
mother of all the more valuable inventions, has taught the inhabitants
of those countries, Greenlanders, Esquimaux and others, to think of
substitutes, and they use the intestines of the whale for one purpose,
the sinews and nerves for the other.'

We were right glad to land, and get rid, for the present, of our
unpleasant materials, the further preparation of which was work in
store for the following day.

A refreshing bath, clean clothes, and supper, cheered us all up, and we
slept in peace.

Chapter 11

`Now for the finishing up of this dirty job,' cried I, merrily, as we
all woke up next morning at daybreak. And after the regular work was
done, we commenced operations by raising a stand or rough scaffold on
which the tubs full of blubber were placed and heavily pressed, so that
the purest and finest oil overflowed into vessels underneath.

The blubber was afterwards boiled in a cauldron over a fire kindled at
some distance from our abode, and by skimming and straining through a
coarse cloth, we succeeded in obtaining a large supply of excellent
train oil, which, in casks and bags made of the intestines, was safely
stowed away in the `cellar', as the children called our roughest

This day's work was far from agreeable, and the dreadful smell
oppressed us all, more especially my poor wife, who, nevertheless,
endured it with her accustomed good temper. However, she very urgently
recommended that the new island should be the headquarters for another
colony, where, said she, `any animals we leave would be safe from apes
and other plunderers, and where you would find it so very convenient to
boil whale-blubber, strain train oil, and the like'.

This proposal met with hearty approval, especially from the boys, who
were always charmed with any new plan; and they were eager to act upon
it at once. But when I reminded them of the putrefying carcase which
lay there, they confessed it would be better to allow wind and storms,
birds and insects to do their work in purging the atmosphere, and
reducing the whale to a skeleton before we revisited the island.

The idea of a rowing-machine kept recurring to my brain, and I
determined to attempt to make one. I took an iron bar, which when laid
across the middle of the boat projected about a foot each way. I
provided this bar in the middle with ribbed machinery, and at each end
with a sort of nave, in which, as in a cart wheel, four flat spokes, or
paddles, were fixed obliquely. These were intended to do the rowers'

Then the jack was arranged to act upon the machinery in the middle of
the iron cross-bar, in such a way that one of its strong cogwheels bit
firmly into the ribs, so that when it was wound up, it caused the bar
to revolve rapidly, of course turning with it the paddles fixed at
either end, which consequently struck the water so as to propel the

Although this contrivance left much to be desired in the way of
improvement, still when Fritz and I wound up the machinery, and went
off on a trial trip across the bay, we splashed along at such a famous
rate, that the shores rang with the cheers and clapping of the whole
family, delighted to behold what they considered my brilliant success.

Everyone wanted to go on board, and take a cruise, but as it was
getting late, I could not consent. A trip next day, however, was
promised to Cape Disappointment and the little settlement of Prospect

This proposal satisfied everybody. The evening was spent in preparing
the dresses, arms and food which would be required, and we retired
early to rest.

Intending to be out all day, the house was left in good order, and we
departed on our expedition, provided, among other things, with spades
and mattocks, for I wished to get young cocoanut trees and shrubs of
different kinds, that, on our way back, we might land on Whale Island,
and begin our plantation there.

We directed our course towards the opposite side of the bay. The sea
was smooth, my rowing-machine performed its work easily, and leaving
Safety Bay and Shark Island behind us, we enjoyed at our ease the
panorama of all the coast scenery.

Landing near Prospect Hill, we moored the boat, and walked through the
woods to our little farm, obtaining some fresh cocoanuts, as well as
young plants, on the way.

Before coming in sight of the cottage at the farm, we heard the cocks
crow, and I experienced a sudden rush of emotion as the sound recalled
in a degree painfully vivid, the recollection of many a ride and walk
at home, when we would be greeted by just such familiar sounds as we
approached some kind friend's house. Here, but for the unconscious
animals, utter solitude and silence prevailed, and I with my dear
family, whose visit would have been hailed with delight in so many
homes, advanced unnoticed to this lonely cottage.

So long had been our absence that our arrival created a perfect panic.
The original animals had forgotten us, and to their progeny, lambs,
kids, and chickens, who had never seen the face of man, we seemed an
army of fierce foes.

The boys found it impossible to milk the goats, until, by the use of
the lasso, they captured them one after the other, bound their legs,
then giving them salt to lick, they soon obtained a supply of excellent
milk which was poured from the cocoanut shells they used into calabash
flasks, so that we could take with us what was not required at dinner.

The fowls were enticed by handfuls of grain and rice, and my wife
caught as many as she wished for.

We were by this time very ready for dinner, and the cold provisions we
had with us were set forth, the chief dish consisting of the piece of
whale's tongue, which, by the boys' desire, had been cooked with a
special view to this entertainment.

But woeful was the disappointment when the tongue was tasted! One
after another, with dismal face, pronounced it 'horrid stuff,' begged
for some pickled herring to take away the taste of train-oil, and
willingly bestowed on Fangs the cherished dainty.

Fortunately there was a sufficient supply of other eatables, and the
fresh, delicious cocoanuts and goat's milk put everyone in good humour

While the mother packed everything up, Fritz and I got some sugar-cane
shoots which I wished to plant, and then returned to the shore and
again embarked.

Before returning to Whale Island, I felt a strong wish to round Cape
Disappointment and survey the coast immediately beyond, but the
promontory maintained the character of its name, and we found that a
long sandbank, as well as hidden reefs and rocks, ran out a great way
into the sea.

Fritz espying breakers ahead, we put about at once, and aided by a
light breeze, directed our course towards Whale Island.

On landing, I began at once to plant the sugar-cane shoots we had
brought. The boys assisted me for a while, but wearied somewhat of the
occupation, and one after another went off in search of shells and
coral, leaving their mother and me to finish the work.

Presently Jack came back, shouting loudly:

`Father! Mother! Do come and look. There is an enormous skeleton lying
here; the skeleton of some fearful great beast--a mammoth, I should

`Why Jack!' returned I laughing, `have you forgot our old
acquaintance, the whale? What else could it be?'

`Oh no, father, it is not the whale. This thing has not fish bones, but
real good, honest, huge, beast bones. I don't know what can have become
of the whale--floated out to sea most likely. This mammoth is ever so
much bigger. Come and see!'

As I was about to follow the boy, a voice from another direction
suddenly cried:

`Father! Father! A great enormous turtle! Please make haste. It is
waddling back to the sea as hard as it can go, and we can't stop it.'

This appeal being more pressing, as well as more important, than
Jack's, I snatched up an oar and hastened to their assistance.

Sure enough a large turtle was scrambling quickly towards the water,
and was within a few paces of it, although Ernest was valiantly holding
on by one of its hind legs.

I sprang down the bank, and making use of the oar as a lever, we
succeeded with some difficulty in turning the creature on its back.

It was a huge specimen, fully eight feet long, and being now quite
helpless, we left it sprawling, and went to inspect Jack's mammoth
skeleton, which, of course, proved to be neither more nor less than
that of the whale. I convinced him of the fact by pointing out the
marks of our feet on the ground, and the broken jaws where we had
hacked out the whalebone.

`What can have made you take up that fancy about a mammoth, my boy?'

`Ernest put it into my head, father. He said there seemed to be the
skeleton of an antediluvian monster there, so I ran to look closer, and
I never thought of the whale, when I saw no fish bones. I suppose
Ernest was joking.'

`Whales are generally considered as fishes by those little acquainted
with the animal kingdom, but they belong to the class of mammals, which
comprises man, the monkey tribes, the bats, the dogs and cats, all
hoofed animals, whales and their allies, with other animals, the last
on the list being the sloth.

`The name by which they are distinguished is derived from the Latin
word "mama," a breast, and is given to them because all the species
belonging to this class are furnished with a set of organs called the
mammary glands, secreting the liquid known as milk, by which the young
are nourished.

`The bones of the whale differ from those of animals, simply in being
of a hollow construction, and filled with air so as to render the
carcase more buoyant. The bones of birds are also hollow, for the same
reason, and in all this we see conspicuously the wisdom and goodness of
the great Creator.'

`What a marvellous structure it is, father!' said Fritz. `What a
ponderous mass of bones! Can we not make use of any of them?'

`Nothing strikes me at this moment; we will leave them to bleach here
yet awhile, and perhaps by sawing them up afterwards, make a few
chairs, or a reading-desk for the museum. But now it is time to return
home. Bring the boat round to where the turtle awaits his fate; we must
settle how to deal with him.'

It was soon decided that he must swim. I fastened the empty water-cask
to a long line, one end of which was made fast to the bow of the boat,
the other carefully passed round the neck and fore-paws of the
creature, who was then lifted, so as to let him regain his feet; when
he instantly made for the water, plunged in, the cask floated after
him, and prevented his sinking.

We were all on board in a moment; and the worthy fellow, after vainly
attempting to dive, set himself diligently to swim right forwards,
towing us comfortably after him. I was ready to cut the line on the
least appearance of danger, and kept him on the course for Safety Bay
by striking the water with a boat-hook right or left, according as the
turtle was disposed to turn too much one way or the other.

The boys were delighted with the fun, and compared me to Neptune in his
car, drawn by dolphins, and accompanied by Amphitrite and attendant

We landed safely at the usual place, near Rockburg, and the turtle was
condemned and executed soon afterwards; the shell, which was quite
eight feet long, and three broad, was, when cleaned and prepared, to
form a trough for the water supply at the cave, and the meat was
carefully salted, and stored up for many a good and savoury meal.

It had been my intention to bring a piece of land under cultivation
before the next rainy season, to be sown with different sorts of grain;
but many unforeseen circumstances had intervened to hinder this, and
our animals, unaccustomed to the yoke, were not available for the

I therefore gave up the idea for the present, and applied myself, with
Ernest's assistance, to completing the loom, which, although the
workmanship was clumsy, I succeeded in making quite fit for use. I had
fortunately in my younger days spent many hours in the workshops of
weavers and other artisans, and therefore I understood more than might
have been expected of their various crafts.

Paste or size was required to smear over the threads; but we could not
spare flour for such a purpose, and I used isinglass, which kept the
warp moist perfectly well, and spared us the necessity of setting up
the loom in a damp uncomfortable place, which has often to be done to
prevent the overdrying of the web.

Of this isinglass I also made thin plates, to be used as window-panes;
they were at least as transparent as horn, and when fixed deep in the
rock and beyond the reach of rain, did good service in admitting light.

Success encouraging me to persevere, I next began harness-making; the
spoils of the chase having furnished us with plenty of leather, with
which I covered light frames of wood, using the hairy moss or lichen
for stuffing, and ere long the animals were equipped with saddles,
stirrups, bridles, yokes and collars, to the very great satisfaction of
their youthful riders and drivers.

This occupation was followed by a great deal of work connected with the
annual return of the herring shoals which now took place; to them
succeeding, as on former occasions, shoals of other fish, and many
seals. More than ever aware of the value of all of these, we did not
fail to make good use of our opportunities, and captured large numbers.

The boys were getting anxious for another shooting expedition; but
before undertaking that, I wished to do some basket-making, as sacks
were beginning to fail us, and there was constant demand for baskets in
which to carry and keep our roots and fruits. Our first attempts were
clumsy enough; but, as usual, perseverance was rewarded, and we
produced a good supply of all sorts and sizes. One very large basket I
furnished with openings through which to pass a strong stick, so that
it might, when heavily laden, be carried by two persons.

No sooner did the children see the force of this idea, than they got a
bamboo, and popping little Franz into the basket, carried him about in

This amusement suggested a fresh notion to Fritz. `Oh, father,' cried
he, `don't you think we might make something like this for mother, and
carry her much more comfortably than jolting along in the cart?'

The boys shouted with glee at the proposal, and though their mother
thought the plan feasible enough, she confessed that she did not much
like the thought of sitting in the middle of a basket, and just looking
out now and then over the rim.

However, I assured her it should be a well-shaped comfortable
sedan-chair, or litter; and the next question was how it should be
carried, since the boys could not play the part of Indian
palanquin-bearers, either with safety to their mother, or with any
pleasure to themselves.

`The bull and the buffalo!' cried Jack. `Why not use them for it?
Let's go and try them now!'

Off ran the boys, and in a short time the basket was securely hung
between Storm and Grumble. Fritz and Jack sprang into their saddles,
and Ernest very gingerly deposited himself in the `cradle', as Franz
called it; they set forth at a most sober pace, the animals, who were
perfectly docile, appearing only a little surprised at the new

`Oh, it is so pleasant, mother, it is a delightful motion,' cried
Ernest, as they passed us. `It swings and rocks really soothingly.
Quicker, Fritz! Go quicker!' And the trot pleasing him equally well,
the pace gradually quickened, till the animals were going along at a
rate which shook and jolted the basket about most fearfully.

Ernest called and screamed in vain for a halt. His brothers thought it
capital fun to `shake up' the `professor', and made the circuit of the
level ground near Rockburg, finally pulling up in front of us, like
performers stopping to receive the applause of spectators.

It was impossible to help laughing, the scene was so ridiculous, but
Ernest was very angry with his brothers, his reproaches provoked high
words in reply, and a quarrel was imminent, but I interfered, and
showed them how easily a joke carried too far would lead to disputes
and bad feeling, urging them to avoid on all occasions any breach of
the good fellowship and brotherly love which was the mainstay of our
strength and happiness.

Good humour was soon restored, Ernest himself helped to unharness the
beasts, and got some handfuls of salt and barley to reward their
exertions, saying, that they must have some more palanquin-practise
another day.

I was seated with my wife and Fritz beneath the shade of the verandah,
engaged in wicker-work, and chatting pleasantly, when suddenly Fritz
got up, advanced a step or two, gazing fixedly along the avenue which
led from Jackal River, then he exclaimed:

`I see something so strange in the distance, father! What in the world
can it be? First it seems to be drawn in coils on the ground like a
cable, then uprises as it were a little mast, then that sinks, and the
coils move along again. It is coming towards the bridge.'

My wife took alarm at this description, and calling the other boys,
retreated into the cave, where I desired them to close up the
entrances, and keep watch with firearms at the upper windows.

These were openings we had made in the rock at some elevation, reached
within by steps, and a kind of gallery which passed along the front of
the rooms.

Fritz remained by me while I examined the object through my spy-glass.

`It is, as I feared, an enormous serpent!' cried I. `It advances
directly this way, and we shall be placed in the greatest possible
danger, for it will cross the bridge to a certainty.'

`May we not attack it, father?' exclaimed the brave boy.

`Only with the greatest caution,' returned I. `It is far too
formidable, and too tenacious of life, for us rashly to attempt its
destruction. Thank God we are at Rockburg, where we can keep in safe
retreat, while we watch for an opportunity to destroy this frightful
enemy. Go up to your mother now, and assist in preparing the firearms;
I will join you directly, but I must further observe the monster's

Fritz left me unwillingly, while I continued to watch the serpent,
which was of gigantic size, and already much too near the bridge to
admit of the possibility of removing that means of access to our
dwelling. I recollected, too, how easily it would pass through the
walls. The reptile advanced with writhing and undulatory movements,
from time to time rearing its head to the height of fifteen or twenty
feet, and slowly turning it about, as though on the look-out for prey.

As it crossed the bridge, with a slow, suspicious motion, I withdrew,
and hastily rejoined my little party, which was preparing to garrison
our fortress in warlike array, but with considerable trepidation, which
my presence served in a measure to allay.

We placed ourselves at the upper openings, after strongly barricading
everything below, and, ourselves unseen, awaited with beating hearts
the further advance of the foe, which speedily became visible to us.

Its movements appeared to become uncertain, as though puzzled by the
trace of human habitation; it turned in different directions, coiling
and uncoiling, and frequently rearing its head, but keeping about the
middle of the space in front of the cave, when suddenly, as though
unable to resist doing so, one after another the boys fired, and even
their mother discharged her gun. The shots took not the slightest
effect beyond startling the monster, whose movements were accelerated.
Fritz and I also fired with steadier aim, but with the same want of
success, for the monster passing on with a gliding motion, entered the
reedy marsh to the left, and entirely disappeared.

A wonderful weight seemed lifted from our hearts, while all eagerly
discussed the vast length and awful though magnificent appearance of
the serpent. I had recognized it as the boa constrictor. It was a vast
specimen, upwards of thirty feet in length.

I explained to the children that its name in South America is
Boaguacu; the first syllable of that name, with the Latin addition,
which indicates that it kills its prey by pressure, or 'constriction,'
gives the name by which it is commonly known.

The near neighbourhood of this terrific reptile occasioned me the
utmost anxiety; and I desired that no one should leave the house on any
pretence whatever, without my express permission.

During three whole days we were kept in suspense and fear, not daring
to stir above a few hundred steps from the door, although during all
that time the enemy showed no sign of his presence.

In fact, we might have been induced to think the boa had passed across
the swamp, and found his way by some cleft or chasm through the wall of
cliffs beyond, had not the restless behaviour of our geese and ducks
given proof that he still lurked in the thicket of reeds which they
were accustomed to make their nightly resting place.

They swam anxiously about, and with much clapping of wings and
disturbed cackling, showed their uneasiness; finally, taking wing, they
crossed the harbour, and took up their quarters on Shark's Island.

My quandary increased, as time passed on. I could not venture to
attack with insufficient force a monstrous and formidable serpent
concealed in dense thickets amidst dangerous swamps; yet it was
dreadful to live in a state of blockade, cut off from all the
important duties in which we were engaged, and shut up with our
animals in the unnatural light of the cave, enduring constant anxiety
and perturbation.

Out of this painful state we were at last delivered by none other than
our good old simple-hearted donkey; not, however, by the exercise of a
praiseworthy quality, but by sheer stupidity.

Our situation was rendered the more critical from having no great
stock of provisions, or fodder for the animals; and the hay failing us
on the evening of the third day, I determined to set them at liberty by
sending them, under the guidance of Fritz, across the river at the

He was to ride Lightfoot, and they were to be fastened together until
safely over.

Next morning we began to prepare for this by tying them in a line, and
while so engaged my wife opened the door, when old Grizzle, who was
fresh and frolicsome after the long rest and regular feeding, suddenly
broke away from the halter, cut some awkward capers, then bolting out,
careered at full gallop straight for the marsh.

In vain we called him by name. Fritz would even have rushed after him,
had not I held him back. In another moment the ass was close to the
thicket, and with a cold shudder of horror, we beheld the snake rear
itself from its lair, the fiery eyes glanced around, the dark deadly
jaws opened widely, the forked tongue darted greedily forth--poor
Grizzle's fate was sealed.

Becoming aware on a sudden of his danger, he stopped short, spread out
all four legs, and set up the most piteous and discordant bray that
ever wrung echo from rocks.

Swift and straight as a fencer's thrust, the destroyer was upon him,
wound round him, entangled, enfolded, compressed him, all the while
cunningly avoiding the convulsive kicks of the agonized animal.

A cry of horror arose from the spectators of this miserable tragedy.
`Shoot him, father! Oh, shoot him--do save poor Grizzle!'

`My children, it is impossible!' cried I. `Our old friend is lost to us
for ever! I have hopes, however, that when gorged with his prey, we may
be able to attack the snake with some chance of success.'

`But the horrible wretch is never going to swallow him all at once,
father?' cried Jack. `That will be too shocking!'

`Snakes have no grinders, but only fangs, therefore they cannot chew
their food, and must swallow it whole. But although the idea is
startling, it is not really more shocking than the rending, tearing and
shedding of blood which occurs when lions and tigers seize their prey.'

`But,' said Franz, `how can the snake separate the flesh from the
bones without teeth? And is this kind of snake poisonous?'

`No, dear child,' said I, `only fearfully strong and ferocious. And it
has no need to tear the flesh from the bones. It swallows them, skin,
hair and all, and digests everything in its stomach.'

`It seems utterly impossible that the broad ribs, the strong legs,
hoofs and all, should go down that throat,' exclaimed Fritz.

`Only see,' I replied, `how the monster deals with his victim; closer
and more tightly he curls his crushing folds, the bones give way, he is
kneading him into a shapeless mass: He will soon begin to gorge his
prey, and slowly but surely it will disappear down that distended maw!'

My wife, with little Franz, found the scene all too horrible, and
hastened into the cave, trembling and distressed. To the rest of us
there seemed a fearful fascination in the dreadful sight, and we could
not move from the spot. I expected that the boa, before swallowing his
prey, would cover it with saliva, to aid in the operation, although it
struck me that its very slender forked tongue was about the worst
possible implement for such a purpose.

It was evident to us, however, that this popular idea was erroneous.
The act of lubricating the mass must have taken place during the
process of swallowing; certainly nothing was applied beforehand. This
wonderful performance lasted from seven in the morning until noon. When
the awkward morsel was entirely swallowed, the serpent lay stiff,
distorted, and apparently insensible along the edge of the marsh.

I felt that now or never was the moment for attack!

Calling on my sons to maintain their courage and presence of mind, I
left our retreat with a feeling of joyous emotion quite new to me, and
approached with rapid steps and levelled gun, the outstretched form of
the serpent. Fritz followed me closely.

Jack, somewhat timidly, came several paces behind; while Ernest, after
a little hesitation, remained where he was.

The monster's body was stiff and motionless, which made its rolling and
fiery eyes, and the slow spasmodic undulations of its tail more fearful
by contrast.

We fired together, and both balls entered the skull: the light of the
eye was extinguished, and the only movement was in the further
extremity of the body, which rolled, writhed, coiled and lashed from
side to side.

Advancing closer, we fired our pistols directly into its head, a
convulsive quiver ran through the mighty frame, and the boa
constrictor lay dead.

As we raised a cry of victory, Jack, desirous of a share in the glory
of conquest, ran close to the creature, firing his pistol into its
side, when he was sent sprawling over and over by a movement of its
tail, excited to a last galvanic effort by the shot.

Being in no way hurt, he speedily recovered his feet, and declared he
had given it its quietus.

`I hope the terrific noise you made just now was the signal of
victory,' said my wife, drawing near, with the utmost circumspection,
and holding Franz tightly by the hand. `I was half-afraid to come, I
assure you.'

`See this dreadful creature dead at our feet; and let us thank God that
we have been able to destroy such an enemy.'

`What's to be done with him now?' asked Jack.

`Let us get him stuffed,' said Fritz, `and set him up in the museum
amongst our shells and corals.'

`Did anybody ever think of eating serpents?' inquired Franz.

`Of course not!' said his mother. `Why, child, serpents are
poisonous--it would be very dangerous.'

`Excuse me, my dear wife,' said I. `First of all, the boa is not
poisonous; and then, besides that, the flesh even of poisonous snakes
can be eaten without danger; as, for instance, the rattlesnake, from
which can be made a strong and nourishing soup, tasting very like good
chicken broth--of course, the cook must be told to throw away the head,
containing the deadly fangs.

`It is remarkable that pigs do not fear poisonous snakes, but can kill
and eat them without injury. An instance of this occurs to my memory. A
vessel on Lake Superior, in North America, was wrecked on a small
island abounding in rattlesnakes, and for that reason uninhabited.

`The vessel had a cargo of live pigs. The crew escaped to the mainland
in a boat, but the pigs had to be left for some time, till the owner
could return to fetch them, but with the small hope of finding many
left alive.

`To his surprise, the animals were not only alive, but remarkably fat
and flourishing, while not a single rattlesnake remained on the island.
The pigs had clearly eaten the serpents.'

`But might not some other cause have been assigned for their
disappearance?' asked Ernest. `Suppose, for example, that a great
flight of secretary birds had arrived, they might have cleared the
island of rattlesnakes.'

`Oh, what is a secretary bird?' interrupted Franz. `I thought a
secretary meant a man who wrote letters?'

`So it does, Franz, and the bird Ernest spoke of has curious long
feathers projecting from either side of its head, something like pens
stuck behind a man's ear; hence its name.

`It is perfectly true that it lives on snakes, lizards, toads, and
frogs, but, Ernest, I cannot give up my pigs; for, in the first place,
the secretary bird is an inhabitant of Southern Africa, and is never
seen in North America, neither does it ever fly in a flock; still, so
ravenous is its appetite, that, no doubt, even one or two, had they by
some miracle found themselves on Lake Superior, would have been able to
give a very good account of the deadly reptiles, and at least shared in
the glory of their extermination.'

My wife having gone to prepare dinner, we continued talking as we
rested in the shade of some rocks, near the serpent, for a
considerable time. The open air was welcome to us after our long
imprisonment; and we were, besides, desirous to drive off any birds of
prey who might be attracted to the carcase, which we wished to preserve

My boys questioned me closely on the subject of serpents in general;
and I described to them the action of the poison fangs; how they folded
back on the sides of the upper jaw, and how the poison-secreting
glands, and reservoir are found at the back and sides of the head,
giving to the venomous serpents that peculiar width of head which is so
unfailing a characteristic.

`The fangs are hollow,' said I, `and when the creature bites, the
pressure forces down a tiny drop of the liquid venom, which enters the
wound and, through the veins, quickly spreads over the entire system.
Sometimes, if taken in time, cures are effected, but in most cases the
bite of a serpent is followed by speedy death.'

The children were much interested in my account of the snake-charmers
of India, how they fearlessly handle the most deadly of the serpent
tribe, the Cobra di Capello-or hooded cobra-, cause them to move in
time to musical sounds from a small pipe, twine the reptile about their
arms and bare necks, and then, to prove that the poison fangs have not
been removed, make them bite a fowl, which soon dies from the effects.'

`How is it possible to extract the fangs, father?' asked Ernest.

`No instrument is required,' replied I; `I have read the account
written by a gentleman in India, who saw a snake-charmer catch a large
cobra in the jungle, and for the purpose of removing the fangs, held up
a cloth at which the irritated snake flew, and the fangs being caught
in it, the man seized the reptile by the throat, extracted them, and
then squeezed out the poison, a clear oily substance, upon a leaf.'

`What does the rattle of the rattlesnake look like? And how does it

`At the tip of the tail are a number of curious, loose, horny
structures formed of the same substance as the scales. A very good idea
of the structure of the rattle may be formed by slipping a number of
thimbles loosely into each other.

`The rattlesnake lies coiled with its head flat, and the tip of its
tail elevated; when alarmed or irritated it gives a quivering movement
to the tail which causes the joints of the rattle to shake against each
other with a peculiar sound, not easily described; all animals, even
horses newly brought from Europe, tremble at this noise, and try to

`What is the best thing to be done for the bite of a serpent?'
inquired Fritz.

`Remedies are very various, very uncertain, and differ with the
species inflicting the bite.

`Suction, ammonia, oil, the use of the knife, application of fresh
mold, lunar caustic, leaves of certain plants, all these and more are
mentioned. There is a creeping plant, called Aristolodochia indica, the
leaves of which have in repeated instances done wonders for fearful
bites. It is found in many parts of the world but most plentifully in
the hotter regions.

`A mode of cure adopted by the natives of India, Ceylon, and parts of
Africa, is by the application of a remarkable object called
snake-stone. These are described as flattish, something like half an
almond with squared ends, rather light, bearing a very high polish, and
of an intense jetty black.

`On being bitten by a cobra, the sufferer applies one of these stones
to each puncture, where they adhere strongly for a time, five or six
minutes being about the average. They seem to absorb the blood as it
flows from the wound, and, at the last fall off, when the danger is
considered to be over.

`But now we must leave this fertile subject of discussion, and I can
only say I sincerely trust we may never have cause to resume it from
the appearance of another serpent here of any sort, size, or

`But come, Ernest, can you not give us an epitaph for our unfortunate
friend the donkey? We must afford him more honourable sepulture than he
enjoys at present, when we proceed, as we speedily must, to disembowel
his murderer.'

Ernest took the matter quite seriously, and planting his elbows on his
knees, he bent his thoughtful brow in his hands, and remained wrapt in
poetic meditation for about two minutes.

`I have it!' cried he. `But perhaps you will all laugh at me?'

`No, no, don't be shy, old fellow; spit it out!' and thus encouraged by
his brother, Ernest, with the blush of a modest author, began:

    `Beneath this stone poor Grizzle's bones are laid,
    `A faithful ass he was, and loved by all.
    `At length, his master's voice he disobeyed,
    `And thereby came his melancholy fall.

    `A monstrous serpent, springing from the grass,
    `Seized, crushed, and swallowed him before our eyes.
    `But we, though yet we mourn our honest ass,
    `Are grateful; for he thereby saved the lives
    `Of all the human beings on this shore--
    `A father, mother, and their children four.'

`Hurrah for the epitaph! Well done, Ernest!' resounded on all sides,
and taking out a large red pencil I used for marking wood, the lines
were forthwith inscribed on a great flat stone, being, as I told the
boy, the very best poetry that had ever been written on our coast.

We then had dinner, and afterwards went to work with the serpent. The
first operation was to recover the mangled remains of the ass, which
being effected, he was buried in the soft marshy ground close by, and
the hole filled up with fragments of rock.

Then we yoked Storm and Grumble to the serpent, and dragged it to a
convenient distance from Rockburg, where the process of skinning,
stuffing, and sewing up again afforded occupation of the deepest
interest to the boys for several days.

We took great pains to coil it round a pole in the museum, arranging
the head with the jaws wide open, so as to look as alarming as
possible, and contriving to make eyes and tongue which were quite
sufficient to represent nature; in fact, our dogs never passed the
monster without growling, and must have wondered at our taste in
keeping such a pet.

Over the entrance leading to the museum and library were inscribed
these words:


The double meaning of this sentence pleased us all immensely.

Chapter 12

The greatest danger to which we had yet been exposed was now over, but
there remained much anxiety in my mind lest another serpent might,
unseen by us, have entered the swamp, or might appear, as this had
done, from the country beyond Falconhurst.

I projected then two excursions, the first to make a thorough
examination of the thicket and morass; the next right away to the Gap,
through which alone the archenemy could have entered our territory.

On summoning my sons to accompany me to the marsh, I found neither
Ernest nor Jack very eager to do so, the latter vowing he had the cold
shivers each time he thought how his ribs might have been smashed by
the last flap of the snake's tail; but I did not yield to their
reluctance, and we finally set about crossing the marsh by placing
planks and wicker hurdles on the ground, and changing their places as
we advanced.

Nothing was discovered beyond tracks in the reeds and the creature's
lair; where the rushes, grass, and bog-plants were beaten down.

Emerging beyond the thicket we found ourselves on firm ground, near the
precipitous wall of rock, and perceived a clear sparkling brook flowing
from an opening, which proved to be a cave or grotto of considerable

The vaulted roof was covered with stalactites, while many formed
stately pillars, which seemed as though supporting the roof. The floor
was strewn with fine snow-white earth, with a smooth soapy feeling,
which I felt convinced was fuller's earth.

`Well, this is a pleasant discovery!' said I. `This is as good as soap
for washing, and will save me the trouble of turning soap-boiler.'

Perceiving that the streamlet flowed from an opening of some width in
the inner rock, Fritz passed through, in order to trace it to its
source, presently shouting to me that the opening widened very much,
and begging me to follow him.

I did so, leaving the other boys in the outer cave, and fired a
pistol-shot--the reverberating echoes of which testified to the great
extent of the place; and lighting the bit of candle I always carried
with me, we advanced, the light burning clear and steadily, though
shedding a very feeble light in so vast a space.

Suddenly Fritz exclaimed: `I verily believe this is a second cave of
salt! See how the walls glance! And how the light is reflected from the

`These cannot be salt crystals,' said I, `the water which flows over
them leaves no track, and tastes quite sweet. I am rather inclined to
believe that we have penetrated into a cave of rock crystal!'

`Oh, how splendid! Then we have discovered a great treasure!'

`Certainly if we could make any use of it; otherwise, in our
situation, it is about as valuable as the lump of gold found by good
old Robinson Crusoe.'

`Anyhow, I will break off a piece for a specimen. See, here is a fine
bit, only rather dull, and not transparent: what a pity! I must knock
off another.'

`You must go more carefully to work, or it will look as dull as the
first. You destroyed its true form, which is that of a pyramid, with
six sides or facets.'

We remained some time in this interesting grotto, but our light burnt
low after we had examined it in different directions; and Fritz having
secured a large lump, which exhibited several crystals in perfection,
we quitted the place, Fritz discharging a farewell shot for the sake of
hearing the grand echoes.

On reaching the open air we saw poor Jack sobbing bitterly, but as soon
as we appeared he ran joyfully towards us, and threw himself into my

`My child, what is the matter?' I cried anxiously.

`Oh, I thought you were lost! I heard a noise twice, as if the rocks
had shattered down; and I thought you and Fritz were crushed in the
ruins! It was horrible! How glad I am to see you!'

I comforted the child, and explained the noises he had heard,
inquiring why he was alone.

`Ernest is over there among the reeds: I daresay he did not hear the

I found Ernest busily engaged in weaving a basket in which to catch
fish: he had devised it ingeniously, with a funnel-shaped entrance;
through which the fish passing would not easily find their way out, but
would remain swimming about in the wide part of the apparatus.

`I shot a young serpent while you were away, father,' said he. `It lies
there covered with rushes; it is nearly four feet long, and as thick as
my arm.'

`A serpent!' cried I, hurrying towards it in alarm, and fearing there
must be a brood of them in the swamp after all. `A fine large eel you
mean, my boy. This will provide an excellent supper for us tonight. I
am glad you had the courage to kill it, instead of taking to your heels
and fleeing from the supposed serpent.'

`Well, I thought it would be so horrid to be pursued and caught that I
preferred facing it; my shot took effect, but it was very difficult to
kill the creature outright, it moved about although its head was

`The tenacity of life possessed by eels is very remarkable,' I said. `I
have heard that the best mode of killing them is to grasp them by the
neck and slap their tails smartly against a stone or post.'

We made our way back more easily by keeping close to the cliffs, where
the ground was firmer, and found my wife washing clothes at the
fountain. She rejoiced greatly at our safe return, and was much pleased
with the supply of fuller's earth, as she said there was now very
little soap left. The eel was cooked for supper, and during the evening
a full account was given of our passage through the swamp, and
discovery of the rock-crystal cavern.

It was most important to ascertain whether any serpent lurked among the
woods of our little territory between the cliffs and the sea.
Preparations were set on foot for the second and greater undertaking of
a search throughout the country beyond the river, as far as the Gap. I
wished all the family to go on the expedition, a decision which gave
universal satisfaction.

Intending to be engaged in this search for several weeks, we took the
small tent and a store of all sorts of necessary provisions, as well as
firearms, tools, cooking utensils and torches.

All these things were packed on the cart, which was drawn by Storm and
Grumble. Jack and Franz mounted them, and acted at once the part of
riders and drivers. My wife sat comfortably in the cart, Fritz rode in
advance, while Ernest and I walked; we were protected in flank by the
dogs and Fangs, the tame jackal.

Directing our course towards Woodlands, we saw many traces of the
serpent's approach to Rockburg. In some places, where the soil was
loose, the trail, like a broad furrow, was very evident indeed.

At Falconhurst we made a halt and were, as usual, welcomed by the
poultry, as well as by the sheep and goats.

We then passed on to Woodlands, where we arrived at nightfall. All was
peaceful and in good order; no track of the boa in that direction; no
signs of visits from mischievous apes; the little farm and its
inhabitants looked most flourishing.

Next day was passed in making a survey of the immediate neighbourhood,
at the same time collecting a quantity of cotton, which was wanted for
new pillows and cushions. In the afternoon Franz was my companion,
carrying a small gun, entrusted to him for the first time.

We took Fangs and Bruno with us, and went slowly along the left bank of
the lake, winding our way among reedy thickets, which frequently turned
us aside a considerable distance from the water. The dogs hunted about
in all directions, and raised duck, snipe and heron. These usually flew
directly across the lake, so that Franz got no chance of a shot. He
began to get rather impatient, and proposed firing at the black swans
we saw sailing gracefully on the glassy surface of the lake.

Just then a harsh booming sound struck our ears. I paused in wonder as
to whence the noise proceeded, while Franz exclaimed,

`Oh, father! Can that be Swift, our young onager?'

`It cannot possibly be Swift,' said I; adding, after listening
attentively a minute or two, `I am inclined to think it must be the cry
of a bittern, a fine handsome bird of the nature of a heron.'

`Oh! may I shoot it, father? But I wonder how a bird can make that
roaring noise! One would think it was an ox, it is more like lowing
than braying.'

`The noise creatures make depends more on the construction of the
windpipe, its relation to the lungs and the strength of the muscles
which force out the breath, than on their size. As for example, how
loud is the song of the nightingale and the little canary bird. Some
people say that the bittern booms with his long bill partly thrust into
the boggy ground, which increases the hollow muffled sound of its very
peculiar cry.'

Franz was very anxious that the first trophy of his gun should be so
rare a bird as the bittern; the dogs were sent into the wood, and we
waited some distance apart, in readiness to fire.

All at once there was a great rustling in the thicket. Franz fired, and
I heard his happy voice calling out: `I've hit him! I've hit him!'

`What have you hit?' shouted I in return.

`A wild pig,' said he, `but bigger than Fritz's.'

`Aha! I see you remember the agouti! Perhaps it is not a hog at all,
but one of our little pigs from the farm. What will the old sow say to
you, Franz?'

I soon joined my boy, and found him in transports of joy over an
animal certainly very much like a pig, although its snout was broad and
blunt. It was covered with bristles, had no tail, and in colour was a
yellowish grey.

Examining it carefully and noticing its webbed feet, and its curious
teeth, I decided that it must be a capybara, a water-loving animal of
South America, and Franz was overjoyed to find that he had shot 'a new
creature', as he said.

It was difficult to carry it home, but he very sensibly proposed that
we should open and clean the carcase, which would make it lighter.
Then, putting it in a game-bag, he carried it till quite tired out; he
asked if I thought Bruno would let him strap it on his back. We found
the dog willing to bear the burden, and reached Woodlands soon

There we were surprised to see Ernest surrounded by a number of large
rats which lay dead on the ground.

`Where can all these have come from?' exclaimed I. `Have you and your
mother been rat-hunting instead of gathering rice as you intended?'

`We came upon these creatures quite unexpectedly,' he replied. `While
in the rice swamp, Knips, who was with us, sprang away to a kind of
long-shaped mound among the reeds, and pounced upon something, which
tried to escape into a hole.

`He chattered and gnashed his teeth, and the creature hissed and
squeaked, and running up, I found he had got a big rat by the tail; he
would not let go, and the rat could not turn in the narrow entrance to
bite him, but I soon pulled it out and killed it with my stick.

`The mound was a curious-looking erection, so I broke it open with some
difficulty, and in doing this dislodged quite a dozen of the creatures.
Some I killed, but many plunged into the water and escaped.

`On examining their dwelling I found it a vaulted tunnel made of clay
and mud, and thickly lined with sedges, rushes, and water-lily leaves.

`There were other mounds or lodges close by, and seeking an entrance to
one I stretched my game-bag across it, and then hammered on the roof
till a whole lot of rats sprang out, several right into the bag. I hit
away right and left, but began to repent of my audacity when I found
the whole community swarming about in the wildest excitement, some
escaping, but many stopping in bewilderment, while others actually
attacked me.

`It was anything but pleasant, I assure you, and I began to think of
Bishop Hatto in the Mouse Tower on the Rhine. Knips liked it as little
as I did, and skipped about desperately to get out of their way, though
he now and then seized a rat by the neck in his teeth.

`Just as I began to shout for help, Juno came dashing through the
reeds and water, and made quick work with the enemy, all flying from
her attack.

`My mother had great difficulty in forcing her way through the marsh to
the scene of action, but reached me at last; and we collected all the
slain to show you, and for the sake of their skins.'

This account excited my curiosity, and I went to examine the place
Ernest described: where I found, to my surprise, an arrangement much
like a beaver dam, though on a small scale, and less complete.

`You have discovered a colony of beaver rats,' said I to Ernest, `so
called from their resemblance in skill and manner of life to that
wonderful creature.

`Muskrat, musquash, and ondatra are other names given to them. They
have, you see, webbed feet and flattened tails, and we shall find that
they carry two small glands containing the scented substance called
musk. The sooner we strip off the skins the better; they will be useful
for making caps.'

We went back to the house, and met Fritz and Jack just returned from
their excursion, reporting that no trace of serpents, great or small,
had been met with.

Jack carried in his hat about a dozen eggs; and Fritz had shot a
couple of heath fowls, a cock and hen.

We sat down to supper, Franz eager to partake of his capybara. Even he
himself made a face at the peculiar flavour of the meat.

`It is the musk which you taste,' said I; and I described to them the
various animals in which this strange liquid is found; the musk deer,
musk ox, crocodile, muskrat of India (also called soudeli, which taints
a corked bottle of wine, if it only runs across it) concluding with an
account of the civet, also called civet-cat.

`The civet,' said I, `is a handsome black and white animal, and the
perfume obtained from it was formerly considered a valuable medicine;
in the present day it is used chiefly as a scent. This odoriferous
substance is secreted, i.e., formed, in a double glandular pouch near
the tail, and the Dutch keep the creature in captivity, so that it
shall afford them a continual supply.

`The method of removing the civet perfume is ingenious. The animal is
very quick and elastic in its movements, and having sharp teeth it is
not pleasant to handle. So it is put into a long, narrow cage in which
it cannot turn around, a horn spoon is then introduced, and the
perfume, a thick, oily stuff something like butter, is coolly scraped
from the pouch, the plundered civet being then released from strait
durance, until the supply is re-formed.'

Presently Jack ran for his game-bag, producing some fruit which he had
forgotten. Several pale green apples, quite new to us, excited general

`Why, what are those? Are they good?' I asked.

`I hope so,' said Jack, `but Fritz and I were afraid of eating some
awful poison or other, like the manchineel, so we brought them for the
inspection of the learned Master Knips.'

I took one and cut it in two, remarking that it contained a circle of
seeds or pips, instead of the stone of the manchineel.

At that moment Knips slyly came behind me, and snatching up one half,
began to munch it with the liveliest satisfaction, an example which the
boys were so eager to follow that a general scramble ensued, and I had
some trouble in securing a couple of the apples for myself and their

I imagined this to be the cinnamon apple of the Antilles.

Everyone seeming wearied by the fatigues of the day, our mattresses and
pillows were arranged, and the inmates of Woodlands betook themselves
to repose.

With early light we commenced the next day's journey, directing our
course to a point between the sugar-brake and the Gap, where we had
once made a sort of arbour of the branches of trees; as this remained
in pretty good condition, we spread a sailcloth over the top of it,
instead of pitching the tent, and made it very comfortable quarters for
the short time I proposed to stay there.

Our object being to search the neighbourhood for traces of the boa
constrictor, or any of his kindred, Fritz, Jack, and Franz went with me
to the sugar-cane brake, and we satisfied ourselves that our enemy had
not been there. It was long since we had enjoyed the fresh juice of
these canes, and we were refreshing ourselves therewith, when a loud
barking of dogs and loud rustling and rattling through the thicket of
canes disturbed our pleasant occupation, and, as we could see nothing a
yard off where we stood, I hurried to the open ground, and with guns in
readiness we awaited what was coming.

In a few minutes a herd of creatures like little pigs issued from the
thicket, and made off in single file at a brisk trot; they were of a
uniform grey colour, and showed short sharp tusks.

My trusty double-barrel speedily laid low two of the fugitives which I
felt certain to be peccaries; the others continued to follow the leader
in line, scarcely turning aside to pass the dead bodies of their
comrades, and maintaining the same steady pace, although Fritz and Jack
also fired and killed several.

I felt certain that these were peccaries, and recollected that an
odoriferous gland in the back must be removed immediately, otherwise
the meat will become tainted, and quite unfit to eat.

This operation, with the help of my boys, I accordingly performed at

Presently, hearing shots in the direction of the hut where we had left
Ernest and his mother, I sent Jack to their assistance, desiring him to
fetch the cart, that the booty might be conveyed to our encampment,
employing the time of his absence in opening and cleaning the animals,
thus reducing their weight.

Ernest came back with Jack and the cart, and told us that the
procession of peccaries had passed near the hut, and that he, with
Juno's help, had secured three of them.

I was glad to hear this, as I had determined to cure a good supply of
hams, and we made haste to load the cart; the boys adorned it with
flowers and green boughs, and with songs of triumph which made the
woods ring they conveyed the valuable supply of game to the hut, where
their mother anxiously waited for us.

After dinner we set to work upon our pigs, singeing and scalding off
the bristles; I cut out the hams, divided the flitches, bestowed
considerable portions of the carcase on the dogs, and diligently
cleansed and salted the meat, while the boys prepared a shed, where it
was to be hung to be cured in the smoke of fires of green wood.

This unexpected business of course detained us in the place for some
time. On the second day, when the smoking-shed was ready, the boys were
anxious to cook the smallest porker in the Otaheitean fashion. For this
purpose they dug a hole, in which they burnt a quantity of dry grass,
sticks and weeds, heating stones, which were placed round the sides of
the pit.

While the younger boys made ready the oven, Fritz singed and washed his
peccary, stuffing it with potatoes, onions and herbs, and a good
sprinkling of salt and pepper.

He then sewed up the opening, and enveloped the pig in large leaves to
guard it from the ashes and dust of its cooking-place.

The fire no longer blazed, but the embers and stones were glowing hot;
the pig was carefully placed in the hole, covered over with hot ashes,
and the whole with earth, so that it looked like a big mole heap.

Dinner was looked forward to with curiosity, as well as appetite; my
wife, as usual, distrusting our experiments, was not sanguine of
success, and made ready some plain food as a pis aller*.

   * Last resort, backup, poor substitute.

She was well pleased with the curing-hut, which was roomy enough to
hang all our hams and bacon. On a wide hearth in the middle we kindled
a large fire, which was kept constantly smouldering by heaping it with
damp grass and green wood. The hut being closed in above, the smoke
filled it, and penetrated the meat thoroughly: this process it had to
undergo for several days.

In a few hours Fritz gave notice that he was going to open his oven.
Great excitement prevailed as he removed the earth, turf, and stones,
and a delicious appetizing odour arose from the opening. It was the
smell of roast pork, certainly, but with a flavor of spices which
surprised me, until I thought of the leaves in which the food had been
wrapped up.

The peccary was carefully raised, and when a few cinders were picked
off, it looked a remarkably well-cooked dish. Fritz was highly
complimented on his success, even by his mother.

The scented leaves were, I thought, those of a tree which I knew to be
found in Madagascar, called by the natives ravensara, or 'good leaf.'
It is said to combine the scent of the nutmeg, clove, and cinnamon. The
fruit is a species of nut, possessing the scent of the leaves in a more
delicate degree, and from it an oil or essence is distilled, which is
highly valued in native cookery.

During the process of curing our large supply of hams and bacon, which
occupied several days, we roamed about the neighbourhood in all
directions, finding no trace of the serpent, but making many valuable
acquisitions, among which were some gigantic bamboos from fifty to
sixty feet in length, and of proportionate thickness. These, when cut
across near the joints, formed capital casks, tubs, and pots; while the
long sharp thorns, which begirt the stem at intervals, were as strong
and useful as iron nails.

One day we made an excursion to the farm at Prospect Hill, and were
grievously provoked to find that the vagabond apes had been there, and
wrought terrible mischief, as before at Woodlands.

The animals and poultry were scattered, and everything in the cottage
so torn and dirtied, that it was vain to think of setting things right
that day. We therefore very unwillingly left the disorder as we found
it, purposing to devote time to the work afterwards.

When all was in readiness for the prosecution of our journey, we
closed and barricaded the hut, in which, for the present, we left the
store of bacon; and arranging our march in the usual patriarchal style,
we took our way to the Gap, the thorough defence of which defile was
the main object we had in view.

Our last halting-place being much enclosed by shrubs, bamboos and
brushwood, we had during our stay opened a path through the cane
thicket in the direction we were about to travel; this we now found of
the greatest assistance, and the loaded cart passed on without

The ground was open and tolerably level beyond, so that in a few hours
we arrived at the extreme limit of our coast territory.

We halted on the outskirts of a little wood behind which, to the
right, rose the precipitous and frowning cliffs of the mountain gorge,
while to the left flowed the torrent, leaving between it and the rocks
the narrow pass we called the Gap, and passing onward to mingle its
waters with the sea.

The wood afforded us pleasant shelter and standing high, and within
gunshot of the mouth of the rocky pass, I resolved to make it our
camping-place. We therefore unpacked the cart, and made our usual
arrangements for safety and comfort, not forgetting to examine the wood
itself, so as to ascertain whether it harboured any dangerous animals.
Nothing worse than wild cats was discovered. We disturbed several of
these creatures in their pursuit of birds and small game, but they fled
at our approach.

By the time dinner was ready we felt much fatigued, and some hours of
unusually sultry and oppressive heat compelled us to rest until towards
evening, when returning coolness revived our strength. We pitched the
tent, and then occupied ourselves with preparations for the next day,
when it was my intention to penetrate the country beyond the defile,
and make a longer excursion across the savannah, than had yet been

All was ready for a start at an early hour; my brave wife consented to
remain in camp with Franz as her companion, while the three elder boys,
and all the dogs, except Juno, went with me.

We expected to find it somewhat difficult to make our way through the
narrowest part of the pass, which had been so strongly barricaded and
planted with thorny shrubs, but found on the contrary that the fences
and walls were broken down and disarranged. It was thus very evident
that the great snake, as well as the herd of peccaries, had made an
entrance here.

This barricade was the first check that had been placed by hand of man
upon the wild free will of nature in this lonely place. With one
consent storms, floods, torrents, and the wild beasts of the forest,
had set themselves to destroy it.

We resolved to make the defences doubly strong, being convinced that
the position was capable of being barricaded and fortified so as to
resist the invaders we dreaded.

The prospect which opened before us on emerging from the rocky pass was
wide, and varied. Swelling hills and verdant wooded vales were seen on
one hand, while a great plain stretched before us, extending from the
banks of the river towards a chain of lofty mountains, whose summits
were rendered indistinct in the haze of the distance.

We crossed the stream, which we named East River, filling our flasks
with water, and it was well we did so, for in continuing our journey,
we found the soil become more arid and parched than we had expected; in
fact we soon appeared surrounded by a desert.

The boys were astonished at the altered appearance of the country, part
of which had been explored when we met with the buffaloes. I reminded
them of the difference of the season; that the expedition had been made
directly after the rains, when vegetation had clothed with transient
beauty this region, which, possessing no source of moisture in itself,
had become scathed and bare during the blazing heat of summer.

Our march proceeded slowly, and many were the uncomplimentary remarks
made on the `new country'.

It was `Arabia Petrea,' groaned one.

`Desert of Sahara,' sighed another.

`Fit abode for demons,' muttered a third. `Subterranean volcanic fires
are raging beneath our feet.'

`Patience, my good fellows!' cried I. `You are too easily discouraged.
Look beyond the toilsome way to those grand mountains whose spurs are
already stretching forward to meet us. Who knows what pleasant
surprises await us amid their steep declivities? I, for my part, expect
to find water, fresh grass, trees and a lovely resting-place.'

We were all glad to repose beneath the shade of the first overhanging
rock we came to, although by pressing further upwards, we might have
attained to a pleasanter spot.

Looking back towards the Gap, we marked the strange contrast of the
smiling country bordering the river, and the dreary, monotonous plain
we had traversed.

After gazing on the distant scene, we produced our store of
provisions, and were busily engaged, when Knips (our constant
companion) suddenly began to snuff and smell about in a very
ridiculous way; finally, with a shriek which we knew was expressive of
pleasure, he set off at full speed, followed by all the dogs, up a sort
of glen behind us.

We left them to their own devices, being far too pleasantly engaged
with our refreshments to care much what fancy the little rogue had got
in his head.

When hunger was somewhat appeased, Fritz once more cast his eyes over
the expanse of plain before us, and after looking fixedly for a moment,

`Is it possible that I see a party of horsemen riding at full gallop
towards us! Can they be wild Arabs of the desert?'

`Arabs, my boy! Certainly not; but take the spy-glass and make them out
exactly. We shall have to be on our guard, whatever they are!'

`I cannot see distinctly enough to be sure,' said he presently, `and
imagination supplies the deficiency of sight in most strange fashion. I
could fancy them wild cattle, loaded carts, wandering hay-cocks, in
fact almost anything I like.'

The spy-glass passed from hand to hand; Jack and Ernest agreed in
thinking the moving objects were men on horseback; but when it came to
my turn to look, I at once pronounced them to be very large ostriches.

`This is fortunate indeed!' I exclaimed. `We must try to secure one of
these magnificent birds; the feathers alone are worth having.'

`A live ostrich, father! That would be splendid. Why, we might ride
upon him!'

As the ostriches approached, we began to consider in what way we
should attempt a capture. I sent Fritz and Jack to recall the dogs, and
placed myself with Ernest behind some shrubs which would conceal us
from the birds as they came onwards.

The boys did not rejoin us for some little time; they found Knips and
the dogs at a pool of water formed by a small mountain stream, which
the monkey's instinct had detected; his sudden departure was thus
accounted for, and they availed themselves right gladly of his
discovery, filling their flasks, and hastily bathing before their

The ostriches continued to come in our direction, varying their pace as
though in sport, springing, trotting, galloping and chasing each other
round and round, so that their approach was by no means rapid.

I could now perceive that of the five birds one only was a male, the
white plumes of the wings and tail contrasting finely with the deep
glossy black of the neck and body.

The colour of the females being ashen brown, the effect of their white
plumes was not so handsome.

`I do not believe we shall have a chance with these birds,' said I,
`except by sending Fritz's eagle in pursuit; and for that we must bide
our time, and let them come as near as possible.'

`In what way, then, are ostriches caught by the natives of the African
deserts?' inquired Fritz.

`Sometimes by chase on horseback; but their speed is so very great,
that even that must be conducted by stratagem.

`When these birds are pursued, they will run for hours in a wide
circle; the hunter gallops after them, but describes a much smaller
circle, and can therefore maintain the pace for a longer time, waiting
to make the attack until the bird is fatigued.

`Among the Bushmen, the hunter sometimes envelops himself in the skin
of an ostrich, his legs doing duty for those of the bird, and his arm
managing the head and neck so as to imitate the movements of the bird
when feeding. The enterprising hunter is thus enabled to get among a
flock of ostriches, and to shoot them with arrows one after another.

`When aware of an enemy they defend themselves desperately, using
their powerful legs as weapons, always kicking forwards, and
inflicting dreadful injuries on dogs, and even on men if attacked
without due precaution. But let us take up our positions, and keep
perfectly still, for the ostriches are at hand!'

We held the dogs concealed as much as possible; the stately birds
suddenly perceiving us, paused, hesitated and appeared uneasy. Yet as
no movement was made, they drew a few steps nearer, with outstretched
necks, examining curiously the unwonted spectacle before them.

The dogs became impatient, struggled from our grasp and furiously
rushed towards our astonished visitors. In an instant they turned and
fled with the speed of the wind; their feet seemed not to touch the
ground, their wings aiding their marvellously rapid progress.

In a few moments they would have been beyond our reach, but as they
turned to fly the eagle was unhooded. Singling out the male bird the
falcon made his fatal swoop, and, piercing the skull, the magnificent
creature was laid low. Before we could reach the spot the dogs had
joined the bird of prey, and were fiercely tearing the flesh and
bedabbling the splendid plumes with gore.

This sight grieved us. `What a pity we could not capture this glorious
bird alive!' exclaimed Fritz, as we took its beautiful feathers. `It
must, I am sure, have stood more than six feet high, and two of us
might have mounted him at once!'

`In the vast sandy deserts where nothing grows, what can flocks of
these birds find to live upon?' inquired Ernest.

`That would indeed be hard to say, if the deserts were utterly barren
and unfruitful,' returned I, `but over these sandy wastes a beneficent
Providence scatters plants of wild melons, which absorb and retain
every drop of moisture, and which quench the thirst as well as satisfy
the hunger of the ostriches and other inhabitants of the wilds. These
melons, however, do not constitute his entire diet; he feeds freely on
grasses, dates and hard grain, when he can obtain them.'

`Does the ostrich utter any cry?'

`The voice of the ostrich is a deep hollow rumbling sound, so much
resembling the roar of the lion as to be occasionally mistaken for it.
But what does Jack mean by waving his cap, and beckoning in that
excited fashion? What has the boy found, I wonder?'

He ran a little way towards us, shouting: `Eggs, father! Ostriches'
eggs! A huge nest-full--do come quickly!' We all hastened to the spot,
and in a slight hollow of the ground, beheld more than twenty eggs, as
large as an infant's head.

The idea of carrying more than two away with us was preposterous,
although the boys, forgetting what the weight would be, seriously
contemplated clearing the nest. They were satisfied when a kind of
landmark had been set up, so that if we returned we might easily find
the nest.

As each egg weighed about three pounds, the boys soon found the burden
considerable, even when tied into a handkerchief and carried like a
basket. To relieve them, I cut a strong elastic heath stick, and
suspending an egg in its sling at each end, laid the bent stick over
Jack's shoulder, and like a Dutch dairy-maid with her milkpails, he
stepped merrily along without inconvenience.

We presently reached a marshy place surrounding a little pool
evidently fed by the stream which Knips had discovered. The soft
ground was trodden and marked by the footsteps of many different sorts
of animals; we saw tracks of buffaloes, antelopes, onagers or quaggas,
but no trace whatever of any kind of serpent: hitherto our journey in
search of monster reptiles had been signalized by very satisfactory

By this brook we sat down to rest and take some food; Fangs presently
disappeared, and Jack calling to his pet discovered him gnawing at
something which he had dug from the marsh.

Taking it for a root of some sort, Jack brought it for my inspection. I
dipped it in water to clear off the mud, and to my surprise found a
queer little living creature, no bigger than half an apple, in my hand.
It was a small tortoise.

`A tortoise, I declare!' cried Fritz. `What a long way from the sea.
How came it here, I wonder?'

`Perhaps there has been a tortoise-shower,' remarked Ernest. `One
reads of frog-showers in the time of the ancient Romans.'

`Hollo, Professor! You're out for once,' said I. `This is nothing but a
mud-tortoise, which lives in wet, marshy ground and fresh water. They
are useful in gardens; for although they like a few lettuce leaves now
and then, they will destroy numbers of snails, grubs, and worms.'

Resuming our journey, we arrived at a charming valley, verdant,
fruitful, and shaded by clumps of graceful trees. It afforded us the
greatest delight and refreshment to pass along this cool and lovely
vale, which we agreed to call Glen Verdant.

In the distance we could see herds of antelopes or buffaloes feeding;
but as our dogs continually ranged a long way ahead of us, they were
quickly startled, and vanished up one or other of the narrow gorges
which opened out of the valley.

Following the imperceptible windings of the vale, we were surprised, on
quitting it for the more open ground, to find ourselves in country we
were already acquainted with, and not far from the Jackal Cave, as we
called the place where Fangs had been captured in cubhood.

On recognizing the spot, Ernest, who was in advance with one of the
dogs, hastened towards it. We lost sight of him for a few minutes, and
then arose a cry of terror, violent barking and deep, surly growls.

As we rushed forward, Ernest met us, looking white as ashes, and
calling out:

`A bear, a bear, father! He is coming after me!'

The boy clung to me in mortal fear. I felt his whole frame quivering.

`Courage, my son!' cried I, disengaging myself from his grasp. `We must
prepare for instant defence!'

The dogs dashed forward to join the fray, whatever it was; and not long
were we in doubt. To my no small consternation, an enormous bear made
his appearance, quickly followed by another.

With levelled guns, my brave Fritz and I advanced slowly to meet them.
Jack was also ready to fire, but the shock had so unnerved Ernest that
he fairly took to his heels. We fired together, one at each bear; but
though hit, the monsters were unfortunately only wounded. We found it
most difficult to take aim, as the dogs beset them on all sides.

However, they were much disabled, one having the lower jaw broken, and
the other, with a bullet in its shoulder, was effectually lamed. The
dogs, perceiving their advantage, pressed more closely round their
foes, who yet defended themselves furiously with frightful yells of
pain and rage.

Such was the confusion and perpetual movement of the struggle, that I
dared not fire again, seeing that even slightly wounding one of our
gallant hounds would instantly place him in the power of the raging

Watching our opportunity, we suddenly advanced with loaded pistols to
within a very few paces of the animals, and firing, both fell dead, one
shot through the head, the other, in the act of rearing to spring on
Fritz, received his charge in its heart.

`Thank Heaven!' cried I, as with dull groans the brutes sank to the
ground. `We have escaped the greatest peril we have yet encountered!'

The dogs continued to tear and worry the fallen foe, as though
unwilling to trust the appearance of death. With feelings somewhat
akin, I drew my hunting-knife, and made assurance doubly sure.

Seeing all safe, Jack raised a shout of victory, that poor Ernest
might gain courage to approach the scene of conflict, which at last he
did, and joined us in examining the dangerous animals, as they lay
motionless before us.

Every point was full of interest, their wounds, their sharp teeth,
their mighty claws, the extraordinary strength of neck and shoulder,
all were remarked and commented on, and observing that the shaded brown
hair was tipped with glossy white, I thought that these might be the
silver bears* mentioned in Captain Clarke's journey to the north-west
coasts of America.

   * Grizzlies, not polar bears

`Well, my lads,' said I, `if we have failed to catch sight of
serpents, we have at least made good riddance of some other bad
rubbish! These fellows would one day have worked us woe, or I am much
mistaken. What's to be done next?'

`Why, skin them, to be sure,' said Fritz. `We shall have a couple of
splendid bear-skin rugs.'

As this process would take time and evening drew on, we dragged the
huge carcases into their den, to await our return, concealing them with
boughs of trees and fencing the entrance as well as we could. The
ostrich eggs we also left behind us, hidden in a sandy hole.

By sunset we reached the tent, and joyfully rejoined my wife and
Franz, right glad to find a hearty meal prepared for us, as well as a
large heap of brushwood for the watch-fire.

When a full account of our adventures had been given, with a minute and
special description of the bear-fight, my wife related what she had
done during our absence. She and Franz had made their way through the
wood up to the rocks behind it, and discovered a bed of pure white
clay, which it seemed to her might be used for making porcelain. Then
she had contrived a drinking-trough for the cattle out of a split

She had arranged a hearth in a sheltered place by building up large
stones, cemented with the white clay; and, finally, she had cut a
quantity of canes and brought them, on the cart, to be in readiness for
the building we had in hand.

I praised the thoughtful diligence which had effected so much that was
of real and definite use. In order to try the clay I put some balls of
it in the fire now kindled to burn during the night, and we then betook
ourselves to rest under shelter of our tent.

I awoke at dawn and aroused my little party. My first idea was to
examine the clay balls, which I found baked hard and finely glazed, but
too much melted down by the heat--a fault which, seeing the excellent
quality of the clay, I knew it would be well worthwhile to remedy.

After breakfast, and our accustomed devotions, we harnessed the cart,
and took the way to the bears' den. Fritz headed the party, and, coming
in sight of the entrance to the cave, called out softly:

`Make haste and you will see a whole crowd of wild turkeys, who seem to
have come to attend the funeral obsequies of their respected friend and
neighbour, Bruin, here. But there appears to be a jealous watcher who
is unwilling to admit the visitors to the bed of state!'

The Watcher, as Fritz called him, was an immensely large bird, with a
sort of comb on his head, and a loose fleshy skin hanging from beneath
the beak. Part of the neck was bare, wrinkled and purplish-red, while
around it, resting on the shoulders, was a downy collar of soft white
feathers. The plumage was greyish-brown, marked here and there with
white patches; the feet appeared to be armed with strong claws. This
great bird guarded the entrance to the cave, occasionally retiring into
it himself for a few minutes; but as soon as the other birds came
pressing in after him, he hurried out again and they were forced to

We stopped to observe this curious scene, and were startled suddenly by
a mighty rush of wings in the air above us. We looked up; at the same
moment Fritz fired, and an enormous bird fell heavily head foremost on
the rocks, by which its neck was broken, while blood flowed from a
wound in the breast.

We had been holding back the dogs, but they, with Fritz, now rushed
towards the cave, the birds rising around them and departing with heavy
ungainly flight, leaving only Fritz's prize, and one of the other
birds, killed by the large one in its fall.

With the utmost caution I entered the cave, and rejoiced to find that
the tongue and eyes only of the bears had been devoured: a little later
and we should have had the handsome skins pecked and torn to rags, and
all chance of steaks and bears'-paws gone.

On measuring the wings of the large bird from tip to tip, I found the
length exceeded eleven feet, and concluded it to be a condor; it was
evidently the mate of the `Watcher', as Fritz called the first we saw.

To work we now went on the bears, and no slight affair we found it to
skin and cut them up, but by dint of perseverance we at last succeeded
in our object.

Determining to smoke the meat on the spot, we cut magnificent hams, and
took off the rest of the meat in slices after the manner of the
buccaneers in the West Indies, preserving the paws entire to be cooked
as a delicacy, and obtaining from the two bears together a prodigious
supply of lard, which my wife gladly undertook to melt and prepare for

The bones and offal we drew to some distance with the help of our
cattle, and made the birds of the air most welcome to feast upon it.
This, with the assistance of all sorts of insects, they did so
effectually that before we left the place the skulls were picked
perfectly clean, the sun had dried them, and they were ready for us to
carry off to our museum.

The skins had to be very carefully scraped, washed, salted, cleansed
with ashes and dried, which occupied fully two days.

I was lamenting our distance from the rascusara* tree, the leaves of
which had flavoured our roast peccary so nicely, when I observed among
the brushwood which the boys had brought from the thickets around us, a
climbing plant, whose leaves had a very strong smell; the stem
resembled a vine, and the fruit grew in clusters like currants. Some
were red, and some of a green colour, which I supposed to denote
various degrees of ripeness. They were hard, and the outer skin was
quite thin. I recognized in this the pepper plant, a discovery
particularly agreeable at this moment.

    * Previously he called it ravensara.

The boys soon gathered a large supply; the red berries were soaked in
salt and water for several days, then washed and rubbed, and finally,
becoming perfectly white, were dried in the sun. The treatment of the
green berries was simple; they were merely exposed to the sun's heat
for a day or two, and then stored: in this way we obtained enough, both
of black and white pepper, to last us a very long time.

I took also a number of young plants, that we might have pepper
growing at Rockburg and our various settlements. Some roots of another
plant were also taken, which, from the pods, appeared to be a kind of

We were glad of this occupation during the tedious business of smoking
the bears' meat, and availed ourselves of the leisure time by also
preparing for stuffing the condor and the turkey buzzard, urubu or
black vulture--for I could not determine to which species the smaller
bird belonged.

The four boys at length became so weary of inaction, that I determined
to let them make an excursion alone on the savannah.

Three of them received this permission with eager delight, but Ernest
said he would prefer to remain with us; to which, as the expedition was
to be entirely one of pleasure, I could make no objection.

Little Franz, on the other hand, whom I would willingly have kept with
us, was wild to go with his brothers, and I was obliged to consent, as
I had made the proposal open to all, and could not draw back.

In the highest spirits they ran to bring their steeds (as we were fain
to call the cattle they rode) from their pasturage at a short distance.
Speedily were they saddled, bridled and mounted--the three lads were
ready to be off.

It was my wish that our sons should cultivate a habit of bold
independence, for well I knew that it might be the will of God to
deprive them easily of their parents; when, without an enterprising
spirit of self-reliance, their position would be truly miserable.

My gallant Fritz possessed this desirable quality in no small degree,
and to him I committed the care of his young brothers, charging them to
look up to and obey him as their leader.

They were well armed, well mounted, had a couple of good dogs; and,
with a hearty `God speed and bless you, my boys!' I let them depart.

We who remained behind passed the day in a variety of useful

The bears' meat, which was being cured in a smoking-shed such as that
we set up for the peccary hams, required a good deal of attention from
my wife. Ernest had a fancy for making ornamental cups from the ostrich
eggs, while I investigated the interior of the cave.

I found the inner wall to consist of a kind of talc, mingled with
threads of asbestos, and also indications of mica. Examining further, I
detached a large block, and found to my joy that I could split it into
clear transparent sheets, which would serve admirably for window panes.

My wife saw this substitute for glass with unfeigned satisfaction,
declaring, that although she would not complain, yet the want of glass
for windows had been a downright trouble to her.

Chapter 13

As evening approached, the bears' paws, which were stewing for supper,
sent forth savoury odours; and we sat talking round the fire, while
listening anxiously for sounds heralding the return of our young

At last the tramp and beat of hoofs struck our ears; the little troop
appeared, crossing the open ground before us at a sharp trot, and a
shrill ringing cheer greeted us as we rose and went to meet them.

They sprang from their saddles, the animals were set at liberty to
refresh themselves, and the riders eagerly came to exhibit their
acquisitions and give an account of themselves.

Funny figures they cut! Franz and Jack had each a young kid slung on
his back, so that the four legs, tied together, stuck out under their

Fritz's game-bag looked remarkably queer--round lumps, sharp points,
and an occasional movement seemed to indicate a living creature or
creatures within.

`Hurrah, for the chase, father!' cried Jack. `Nothing like real
hunting after all. And just to see how Storm and Grumble go along over
a grassy plain! It is perfectly splendid! We soon tired out the little
antelopes, and were able to catch them.'

`Yes, father,' said Franz, `and Fritz has two angora rabbits in his
bag, and we wanted to bring you some honey. Only think! Such a clever
bird--a cuckoo, showed us where it was!'

`My brothers forget the chief thing,' said Fritz. `We have driven a
little herd of antelopes right through the Gap into our territory; and
there they are, all ready for us to hunt when we like--or to catch and

`Well done!' cried I. `Here is indeed a list of achievements. But to
your mother and me, the chief thing of all, is God's goodness in
bringing you safe back to us. Now, let us hear the whole story that we
may have a definite idea of your performances.'

`We had a splendid ride,' said Fritz, `down Glen Verdant, and away to
the defile through our Rocky Barrier, and the morning was so cool and
fresh that our steeds galloped along, nearly the whole way, at the top
of their speed. When we had passed through the Gap we moderated our
furious pace and kept our eyes open on the look-out for game; we then
trotted slowly to the top of a grassy hill, from whose summit we saw
two herds of animals, whether antelopes, goats or gazelles, we did not
know, grazing by the side of the stream below us.

`We were about to gallop down and try to get a shot at them, when it
struck me that it would be wiser to try and drive the whole herd
through the Gap into our own domain, where they would be shut up, as it
were, in a park, free and yet within reach.

`Down the hill we rode as hard as we could go, formed in a semicircle
behind the larger herd of magnificent antelopes--and, aided by the dogs,
with shouts and cries drove them along the stream towards the Gap; as
we came near the opening they appeared inclined to halt and turn like
sheep about to be driven into the butcher's yard; and it was all we
could do to prevent them from bolting past us; but, at length, one made
a rush at the opening and, the rest following, they were soon all on
the other side of the frontier and inhabitants of New Switzerland.'

`Capital,' I said, `capital, my boy! But I don't see what is to make
them remain inhabitants of our domain, or to prevent them from
returning through the Gap whenever they feel inclined.'

`Stop, father,' he replied, `you interrupted me too soon; we thought of
that possibility too, and provided against it. We stretched a long line
right across the defile and strung on it feathers and rags and all
sorts of other things, which danced and fluttered in the wind, and
looked so strange that I am perfectly certain that the herd will never
attempt to pass it; in fact, Levaillant, from whom I learnt the trick,
says in his Voyage au Cap de Bonne Esperance that the Hottentots make
use of the method for penning in the antelopes they have caught in the

`Well done,' said I, `I am glad to see that you remember what you have
read. The antelopes are welcome to New Switzerland, but, my boy,' I
added, `I cannot say the same for the rabbits you have there; they
increase so rapidly that if you establish a colony of the little
wretches your next difficulty will be to get rid of them.'

`True,' he replied, `but my idea was to place them upon Whale Island,
where they would find abundant food, and at the same time in no way
trouble us. May I not establish a warren there? It would be so useful.
Do you know my eagle caught these pretty little fellows for me? I saw a
number of them running about and so unhooded him, and in a few minutes
he brought me three--one dead, with whose body I rewarded him, and
these two here, unhurt.'

`Now, father,' said Jack, interrupting him, `do listen to me and hear
my story, or else Fritz will begin upon my adventures and tire you out
with his rigmarole descriptions.'

`Certainly, Jack,' I said, `I am quite ready to listen to you. First
and foremostly, how did you bring down those beautiful little animals
you have there?'

`Oh, we galloped them down. The dogs sniffed about in the grass while
Fritz was away after the rabbits, out popped these little fawns and
away they went bounding and skipping, at the rate of thirty miles an
hour, with Storm, Grumble and the dogs at their heels. In about a
quarter of an hour we had left the dogs behind and were close upon our
prey. Down went the little creatures in the grass, and, overcome with
terror and fatigue, were at our mercy. So we shouted to Fritz, and--'

`My dear boy,' said I, `according to your statement, Fritz must have
been seven miles and a half off.'

`Oh, well, father, perhaps we did not ride for quite a quarter of an
hour, and, of course, I can't say exactly how fast we were going; and
then, you see, the fawns did not run in a straight line; at any rate
Fritz heard us, and he and Franz and I leashed the legs of the pretty
creatures, and then we mounted again, and presently saw a wretch of a
cuckoo, who led us ever so far out of our course by cuckooing and
making faces at us and then hopping away. Franz declared it must be an
enchanted princess, and so I thought I would rid it of its spell; but
Fritz stopped me shooting it, and said it was a "Honey Indicator", and
that it was leading us probably to a bees' byke, so we spared its life,
and presently, sure enough, it stopped close by a bees' nest in a
hollow tree.

`This was capital, we thought, and, as we were in a great hurry to
taste the honey, I threw in a lot of lighted lucifer matches, but
somehow it did not kill the bees at all, but only made them awfully
angry, and they flew out in a body and stung me all over. I rushed to
Storm and sprang on his back, but, though I galloped away for bare
life, it was an age before I got rid of the little wretches, and now my
face is in a perfect fever. I think I will get mother to bathe it for
me,' and off rushed the noisy boy, leaving Fritz and me to see to the
fawns and examine the rabbits.

With these latter I determined to do as Fritz proposed, namely, to
colonize Whale Island with them. I was all the more willing to do this
because I had been considering the advisability of establishing on that
island a fortress to which we might retreat in any extreme danger, and
where we should be very thankful, in case of such a retreat, to possess
means of obtaining a constant supply of animal food.

Having ministered to the wants of the antelopes, I tried to interest
the boys in my discovery of the block of talc, but just then their
mother summoned us to dinner.

The principal dish in this meal consisted of the bears' paws--most
savoury-smelling delicacies, so tempting that their close resemblance
to human hands, and even the roguish `Fee-fo-fum' from Jack, did not
prevent a single member of the family from enjoying them most heartily.

Supper over, we lit our watch-fire, retired to our tent and slept

We had been working very diligently; the bears' meat was smoked, the
fat melted down and stored, and a large supply of bamboos collected.
But I wished to make yet another excursion, and at early dawn I aroused
the boys.

Fritz mounted the mule, I rode Lightfoot, Jack and Franz took their
usual steeds and, with the two dogs, we galloped off--first to visit
the euphorbia to collect the gum, and then to discover whether the
ostrich had deserted her eggs in the sand.

Ernest watched us depart without the slightest look or sigh of regret,
and returned to the tent to assist his mother and study his books.

Our steeds carried us down the Green Valley at a rapid rate, and we
followed the direction we had pursued on our former expedition. We soon
reached Turtle Marsh, and then, filling our water-flasks, we arrived at
the rising ground where Fritz discovered the mounted Arabs.

As Jack and Franz wanted a gallop, I allowed them to press forward,
while Fritz and I visited the euphorbia trees. A quantity of the red
gum had exuded from the incisions I had made, and as this had
coagulated in the sun, I rolled it into little balls and stored it in a
bamboo jar I had brought with me for the purpose.

As we rode after the boys, who were some way ahead, Fritz remarked,
`Did you not tell me that the juice of that tree was poisonous, father;
why have you collected such a quantity?'

`I did indeed say so,' I replied, `it is a most deadly poison. The
inhabitants of the Cape of Good Hope use it to poison the springs where
wild animals assemble to quench their thirst; and they thus slaughter
an immense number of the creatures for the sake of their hides. I
intend, however, to use it to destroy the apes should they again commit
depredations, and also in preparing the skins of animals to protect
them from the attacks of insects.'

The two boys were still at some distance from us, when suddenly four
magnificent ostriches rose from the sand where they had been sitting.

Jack and Franz perceived them, and with a great shout, drove them
towards us. In front ran a splendid male bird, his feathers of shining
black, and his great tail plume waving behind. Three females of an
ashen grey colour followed him. They approached us with incredible
swiftness, and were within gun-shot before they perceived us. Fritz had
had the forethought to bind up the beak of his eagle so that, should he
bring down an ostrich, he might be unable to injure it.

He now threw up the falcon which, towering upwards, swooped down upon
the head of the foremost bird, and so confused and alarmed him, that he
could not defend himself nor continue his flight. So greatly was his
speed checked that Jack overtook him, and hurling his lasso, enfolded
his wings and legs in its deadly coils and brought him to the ground.
The other ostriches were almost out of sight, so leaving them to their
own devices we leaped from our steeds and attempted to approach the
captured bird. He struggled fearfully, and kicked with such violence
right and left, that I almost despaired of getting him home alive.

It occurred to me, however, that if we could cover his eyes, his fury
might be subdued. I instantly acted upon this idea, and flung over his
head my coat and hunting bag, which effectually shut out the light.

No sooner had I done this than his struggles ceased, and we were able
to approach. We first secured round his body a broad strip of sealskin,
on each side of which I fastened a stout piece of cord, that I might be
able to lead him easily. Then, fastening another cord in a loop round
his legs that he might be prevented from breaking into a gallop, we
released him from the coils of the lasso.

`Do you know,' said I to the boys, `how the natives of India secure a
newly captured elephant?'

`Oh, yes!' said Fritz. `They fasten him between two tame elephants.
We'll do that to this fine fellow, and tame him double quick.'

`The only difficulty will be,' remarked Jack, `that we have no tame
ostriches. However, I daresay Storm and Grumble will have no objection
to perform their part, and it will puzzle even this great monster to
run away with them.'

So we at once began operations. Storm and Grumble were led up on
either side of the recumbent ostrich, and the cords secured to their
girths. Jack and Franz, each armed with a stout whip, mounted their
respective steeds, the wrappers were removed from the bird's eyes, and
we stood by to watch what would next occur.

For some moments after the return of his sight he lay perfectly still,
then he arose with a bound and, not aware of the cords which hampered
him, attempted to dash forwards. The thongs were stout, and he was
brought to his knees. A fruitless struggle ensued, and then at length
seeming to accommodate himself to circumstances, he set off at a sharp
trot, his guards making the air re-echo with their merry shouts. These
cries stimulated the ostrich to yet further exertions, but he was at
length brought to a stand by the determined refusal of his four-footed
companions to continue such a race across loose sand.

The boys having enjoyed the long run, I told them to walk with the
prisoner slowly home, while Fritz and I returned to examine the
ostrich's nest. The eggs were quite warm, and I was certain that the
mother had quite recently left the nest; leaving about half, I packed
the rest of the eggs in a large bag I had brought for the purpose, and
slung it carefully on the saddle before me.

We soon caught up our advance guard, and without other notable
incident reached our tent.

Astonishment and dismay were depicted on the face of my wife as we

`My dear husband,' she exclaimed, `do you think our provisions so
abundant that you must scour the deserts to find some great beast to
assist us to devour them? You must discover an iron mine next, for iron
is what ostriches chiefly live on, is it not?

`Oh! I do wish you would be content with the menagerie you have
already collected, instead of bringing in a specimen of every beast you
come across. And this is such a useless monster!'

`Useless! Mother,' exclaimed Jack, `you would not say so had you seen
him run; why he will be the fleetest courser in our stables. I am going
to make a saddle and bridle for him, and in future he shall be my only
steed. Then as for his appetite, father declares it is most delicate,
he only wants a little fruit and grass, and a few stones and tenpenny
nails to help his digestion.'

The way in which Jack assumed the proprietorship of our new prize
seemed to strike his brothers as rather cool, and there was instantly a
cry raised on the subject.

`Very well,' said Jack, `let us each take possession of the part of the
ostrich we captured. Your bird, Fritz, seized the head; keep that;
father shall have the body, I'll have the legs, and Franz a couple of
feathers from the tail.'

`Come, come,' said I, `I think that Jack has a very good right to the
ostrich, seeing that he brought it to the ground, and if he succeeds in
taming it and converting it into a saddle-horse it shall be his. From
this time, therefore, he is responsible for its training.'

The day was now too far advanced to allow us to think of setting out
for Rockburg, so we fastened up the ostrich between two trees, and
devoted the remainder of the evening to making preparations for our

At early dawn our picturesque caravan was moving homewards. The
ostrich continued so refractory that we were obliged to make him again
march between Storm and Grumble, and as these gallant steeds were thus
employed, the cow was harnessed to the cart, laden with our treasures.
Room was left in the cart for my wife, Jack and Franz mounted Storm and
Grumble, I rode Lightfoot, and Fritz brought up the rear on Swift.

At the mouth of the Gap we called a halt, and replaced the cord the
boys had strung with ostrich feathers by a stout palisade of bamboos. I
also took the opportunity of collecting a store of pipe-clay, as I
intended during the winter months, which were close at hand, to try my
hand at china making.

When we reached the sugar-cane grove, we again stopped to collect the
peccary hams we had left to be smoked; and my wife begged me to gather
some seeds of an aromatic plant which grew in the neighbourhood, and
which had the scent of vanilla. I obtained a good supply, and we moved
forward towards Woodlands, where we intended to rest for the night,
after our long and fatiguing march.

Our tent was pitched, and on our beds of cotton we slept soundly.

Next morning early we examined our farmyard, which appeared in a most
prosperous and flourishing condition. The sight of all these domestic
animals made us long even more than ever for our home at Rockburg, and
we determined to hasten thither with all possible speed.

The number of our pigs, goats and poultry had greatly increased since
we had last visited our colony; and some of these, two fine broods of
chickens especially, my wife wished to take back with her.

We found that the herd of antelopes which Fritz and Jack had driven
through the Gap, had taken up their abode in the neighbourhood, and
several times we saw the beautiful animals browsing amongst the trees.

While at the farm, we repaired both the animals' stalls, and our
dwelling-room, that the former might be more secure against the
attacks of wild beasts, and the latter fitted for our accommodation
when we should visit the spot.

Everything at length being satisfactorily arranged, we again retired to
rest, and early next morning completed our journey to Rockburg.

By midday we were once more settled at home. Windows and doors were
thrown open to admit fresh air; the animals established in their
stalls; and the cart's miscellaneous cargo discharged and arranged.

As much time as I could spare, I devoted to the ostrich, whom we
fastened, for the present, between two bamboo posts in front of our

I then turned my attention to the eggs we had brought, and which I
determined to hatch, if possible by artificial heat. For this purpose I
arranged a stove, which I maintained at a uniform temperature, and on
it I placed the eggs carefully wrapped in cotton wool.

Next morning Fritz and I went off in the boat first to Whale Island,
there to establish our colonists, the angora rabbits, and then to Shark
Island, where we placed the dainty little antelopes.

Having made them happy with their liberty and abundance of food, we
returned as quickly as possible to cure the bears' skins, and add the
provisions we had brought to the stores lying in our cellar.

As we returned, we caught up Jack, making his way in great glee
towards Rockburg. He was carrying, in a basket, an immense eel, which
he and Ernest had secured.

Ernest had set, on the previous night, a couple of lines; one had been
dragged away, but on the other they found this splendid fellow.

It proved delicious. Half was prepared for dinner, and the other half
salted and stowed away.

We now, for a short time, again turned our attention to our duties
about the house.

Thinking that the verandah would be greatly improved by some creepers,
I sowed round the foot of each bamboo pillar, vanilla, and pepper-seed,
as well as that of other creeping plants, which would not only give the
house a pleasanter aspect, but also afford us shade during the summer

I constructed a couple of hen-coops too, for the hens and their little
chicks which we had brought from Woodlands, for I knew that if I left
them unprotected, the inquisitive dispositions of Knips and Fangs might
induce them to make anatomical experiments which would be detrimental
to the welfare of the youngsters.

Ernest's rat-skins were voted a nuisance within doors, and were tied
together and hung up outside; so powerful was the odour they emitted,
that even then Jack would pretend to faint every time he passed near

The museum received its additions: the condor and vulture were placed
there, to be stuffed when we should find time during the rainy season.
The mica and asbestos, too, were brought in for the present, not to lie
there idle, but to wait until I could use them as I intended, for china
and lamp-wicks.

Having occupied two days in this way, we turned our attention to other
duties: the cultivation of a wheat, barley and maize field, the
management of the ostrich's eggs, and the taming of the captives.

As agriculture was, though the least to our taste, the most important
of these several duties, we set about it first. The animals drew the
plough, but the digging and hoeing taxed our powers of endurance to the

We worked two hours in the morning and two in the evening. Fully did we
realize the words of Scripture: `In the sweat of thy face shalt thou
eat bread.'

In the interval we devoted our attention to the ostrich. But our
efforts on behalf of his education seemed all in vain. He appeared as
untameable as ever. I determined, therefore, to adopt the plan which
had subdued the refractory eagle.

The effect of the tobacco fumes almost alarmed me. The ostrich sank to
the ground and lay motionless. Slowly, at length, he arose, and paced
up and down between the bamboo posts. He was subdued, but to my dismay
resolutely refused all food. I feared he would die; for three days he
pined, growing weaker and weaker each day.

`Food he must have!' cried I. `Food he must have!'

My wife determined to attempt an experiment. She prepared balls of
maize flour, mixed with butter. One of these she placed within the
bird's beak. He swallowed it, and stretched out his long neck, looking
inquiringly for a second mouthful. A second, third, and fourth ball
followed the first. His appetite returned, and his strength came again.

All the wild nature of the bird had gone, and I saw with delight that
we might begin his education as soon as we chose. Rice, guavas, maize
and corn he ate readily--`washing it down', as Jack expressed it, with
small pebbles, to the great surprise of Franz, to whom I explained that
the ostrich was merely following the instinct common to all birds; that
he required these pebbles to digest his food, just as smaller birds
require gravel.

After a month of careful training, our captive would trot, gallop, obey
the sound of our voice, feed from our hand; and, in fact, showed
himself perfectly docile. Now our ingenuity was taxed to the utmost.
How were we to saddle and bridle a bird? First, for a bit for his beak.
Vague ideas passed through my mind, but every one I was obliged to
reject. A plan at length occurred to me. I recollected the effect of
light and its absence upon the ostrich, how his movements were checked
by sudden darkness, and how, with the light, power returned to his

I immediately constructed a leathern hood, to reach from the neck to
the beak, cutting holes in it for the eyes and ears. Over the
eyes-holes I contrived square flaps or blinkers, which were so
arranged with whalebone springs that they closed tightly of
themselves. The reins were connected with these blinkers, so that the
flaps might be raised or allowed to close at the rider's pleasure.

When both blinkers were open, the ostrich would gallop straight ahead;
close his right eye and he turned to the left, close his left and he
turned to the right, shut both and he stood stock still.

I was justly proud of my contrivance, but, before I could really test
its utility, I was obliged to make a saddle. After several failures, I
succeeded in manufacturing one to my liking and in properly securing
it; it was something like an old-fashioned trooper's saddle, peaked
before and behind--for my great fear was lest the boys should fall.
This curious-looking contrivance I placed upon the shoulders as near
the neck as possible, and secured it with strong girths round the wings
and across the breast, to avoid all possibility of the saddle slipping
down the bird's sloping back.

I soon saw that my plan would succeed, though skill and considerable
practise was necessary in the use of my patent bridle. It was difficult
to remember that to check the courser's speed it was necessary to
slacken rein, and that the tighter the reins were drawn, the faster he
would fly. We at length, however, all learned to manage Master
Hurricane, and the distance between Rockburg and Falconhurst was
traversed in an almost incredibly short space of time. The marvellous
speed of the bird again revived the dispute as to the ownership, and I
was obliged to interfere.

`Jack shall retain the ostrich,' said I, `for it is most suited to him;
he is a lighter weight than either of you his elder brothers, and Franz
is not yet strong enough to manage such a fleet courser. But he is so
far to be considered common property, that all may practise on him
occasionally; and, in a case of necessity, anyone may mount him.'

Our field-work was by this time over. The land had been ploughed and
sown with wheat, barley, and maize. On the other side of Jackal River
we had planted potatoes and cassava roots, and all sorts of other seeds
had been carefully sown.

We had not neglected the ostrich's eggs, and one day Fritz introduced
me with great glee to three little ostriches. But alas, the little
creatures were not destined to enjoy life for long. One died almost as
soon as it was hatched, and the others, after tottering about on their
stilt-like legs for a few days, followed its example.

I now found time to turn my attention to the bears' skins, which
required preparation before they would be fit for use as leather. They
had been salted and dried, and now required tanning. I had no tan,
however. This was unfortunate; but not to be deterred from my purpose,
I determined to use a mixture of honey and water in its place.

The experiment proved successful. When the skins were dried they
remained flexible and free from smell, while the fur was soft and

This was not the only result of the experiment, for the honey-water
which I boiled appeared so clear and tempting, that it struck me that I
might prepare from it an excellent drink. I put by some of the liquid
before making use of it as tan, and reboiled it with nutmeg and
cinnamon. The preparation, which much resembled English mead, was
pronounced delicious, and my wife begged me to brew a large supply. As
our cellar was now well stocked with provisions for the winter, and our
other preparations were completed, I was able to turn my attention to
details of lesser importance.

The boys had been clamouring for hats, and as my success in so many
trades had surprised me, I agreed to turn hatter for the nonce. With
the rat-skins and a solution of india-rubber, I produced a kind of
felt, which I dyed a brilliant red with cochineal, and stretching this
on a wooden block I had prepared, I passed over it a hot iron, to
smooth the nap, and by next morning had the satisfaction of presenting
to my wife a neat little red Swiss cap, to be lined and finished by her
for one of the boys.

My wife admired the production immensely, and lining it with silk,
added yet more to its gay appearance, by adorning it with ribbons and
ostrich feathers, and finally placed it upon the head of little Franz.

So delighted was everyone with the hat, that all were eager to be
similarly provided, and begged me to manufacture more. I readily
agreed to do so, as soon as they should furnish me with the necessary
materials, and advised them to make half a dozen rat-traps, that they
might secure the water rats with which the stream abounded, and whose
rich glossy fur would serve admirably for felt.

Every fifth animal that they brought me I told them should be mine,
that I might obtain material for a hat for myself and their mother. The
boys at once agreed to this arrangement, and began the manufacture of
the traps, which were all so made that they should kill the rats at
once, for I could not bear the idea of animals being tortured or

While they were thus engaged I applied myself to the manufacture of
porcelain. I first cleaned the pipe-clay and talc from all foreign
substances, and made them ready to be beaten down with water into a
soft mass, and then prepared my moulds of gypsum plaster. These
preparations were at length made, and the moulds received a thin layer
of the porcelain material. When this was partly baked, I sprinkled over
it a powder of coloured glass beads which I had crushed, and which
looked very pretty in patterns upon the transparent porcelain.

Some of my china vessels cracked with the heat of the stove, some were
very ill-shaped; but, after many failures, I succeeded in producing a
set of white cups and saucers, a cream-jug, a sugar-basin, and half a
dozen small plates.

I must allow that my china was far from perfect; the shape of some of
the vessels was faulty, and none were really transparent;
nevertheless, the general appearance gave great satisfaction, and when
the plates were filled with rosy and golden fruit resting on green
leaves, and fragrant tea filled the cups, it greatly added to the
appearance of the table.

Chapter 14

Scarcely had I completed my pottery, when great black clouds and
terrific storms heralded the approach of another winter. The rainy
season having set in, we were compelled to give up our daily

Even in the spacious house which we now occupied, and with our varied
and interesting employments, we yet found the time dragging heavily.
The spirits of all were depressed, and even occasional rapid rides,
during a partial cessation of the rain, failed permanently to arouse
them. Fritz, as well as I, had perceived this, and he said to me:

`Why, father, should we not make a canoe, something swifter and more
manageable than those vessels we as yet possess? I often long for a
light skiff, in which I might skim over the surface of the water.' The
idea delighted all hands, but my wife, who was never happy when we were
on the sea, declared that our chances of drowning were, with the
pinnace and canoe, already sufficiently great, and that there was not
the slightest necessity for our adding to these chances by constructing
another craft which would tempt us out upon the perfidious element.

Her fears were, however, speedily allayed, for I assured her that the
boat I intended to construct should be no flimsy cockleshell, but as
safe and stout a craft as ever floated upon the sea. The Greenlander's
cajack I intended to be my model, and I resolved not only to occupy the
children, but also to produce a strong and serviceable canoe--a
masterpiece of art.

The boys were interested, and the boat-building was soon in operation.
We constructed the skeleton of whalebone, using split bamboo canes to
strengthen the sides and also to form the deck, which extended the
whole length of the boat, leaving merely a square hole in which the
occupant of the canoe might sit.

The work engrossed our attention most entirely, and by the time it was
complete the rain had passed away and the glorious sun again shone
brightly forth.

Our front door was just wide enough to admit of the egress of our
boat, and we completed her construction in the open air. We quickly
cased the sides and deck with seal-skin, making all the seams
thoroughly watertight with caoutchouc.

The cajack was indeed a curious-looking craft, yet so light that she
might be lifted easily with one hand, and when at length we launched
her she bounded upon the water like an india-rubber ball. Fritz was
unanimously voted her rightful owner, but before his mother would hear
of his entering the frail-looking skiff she declared that she must
contrive a swimming-dress, so that `should his boat receive a puncture
from a sharp rock or the dorsal fin of a fish and collapse, he might
yet have a chance of saving his life'.

Though I did not consider the cajack quite the soap bubble my wife
imagined it, I yet willingly agreed to assist her in the construction
of the dress.

The garment we produced was most curious in appearance, and I must own
that I doubted its efficiency. It was like a double waistcoat, made of
linen prepared with a solution of india-rubber, the seams being
likewise coated with caoutchouc, and the whole rendered perfectly
airtight. We so arranged it that one little hole was left, by means of
which air could be forced into the space between the outer covering and
the lining, and the dress inflated.

Meanwhile I perceived with pleasure the rapid vegetation the climate
was producing. The seeds we had scattered had germinated, and were now
promising magnificent crops. The verandah, too, was looking pleasant
with its gay and sweet-scented creepers, which were already aspiring to
the summit of the pillars. The air was full of birds, the earth seemed
teeming with life.

The dress was at length completed and Fritz, one fine afternoon,
offered publicly to prove it. We all assembled on the beach, the boy
gravely donned and inflated the garment, and amidst roars of laughter
from his brothers, entered the water. Quickly and easily he paddled
himself across the bay towards Shark Island, whither we followed in one
of our boats.

The experiment was most successful, and Ernest, Jack and Franz, in
spite of their laughter at their brother's garment, begged their mother
to make for each of them a similar dress.

While on the island we paid a visit to the colonists whom we had
established there the previous autumn. All were well; we could
perceive by the footprints that the antelopes had discovered and made
use of the shelter we had erected for them, and feeling that we could
do nothing more we scattered handfuls of maize and salt, and strolled
across to the other side of the island.

The shore was covered with lovely shells, many of which, with
beautiful pieces of delicate coral, the boys collected for their
museum; strewn by the edge of the water too lay a great quantity of
seaweed of various colours, and as the mother declared that much of it
was of use, the boys assisted her to collect it and store it in the

As we pulled back to the land I was surprised to see that my wife
chose from among the seaweed a number of curious leaves with edges
notched like a saw. When we reached home she carefully washed these and
dried them in the oven. There was evidently something mysterious about
this preparation and my curiosity at length prompted me to make an
attempt to discover the secret.

`Are these leaves to form a substitute for tobacco?' said I. `Do you so
long for its refreshing smell?'

My wife smiled, for her dislike of tobacco was well known, and she
answered in the same jocular tone:

`Do you not think that a mattress stuffed with these leaves would be
very cool in summer?'

The twinkle in her eyes showed me that my curiosity must still remain
unsatisfied, but it nevertheless became greater than ever.

The boys and I had one day made a long and fatiguing expedition, and,
tired out, we flung ourselves down in the verandah. As we lay there
resting, we heard the mother's voice:

`Could any of you enjoy a little jelly?' She presently appeared,
bearing a porcelain dish laden with most lovely transparent jelly. Cut
with a spoon and laid before us it quivered and glittered in the light.

`Ambrosia!' exclaimed Fritz, tasting it. It was indeed delicious, and,
still marvelling from whence my wife could have obtained a dish so
rare, we disposed of all that she had set before us.

`Aha,' laughed my wife, `is not this an excellent substitute for
tobacco, far more refreshing than the nasty weed itself. Behold the
produce of my mysterious seaweed.'

`My dear wife,' exclaimed I, `this dish is indeed a masterpiece of
culinary art, but where had you met with it? What put it into your

`While staying with my Dutch friends at the Cape,' replied she,

`I often saw it, and at once recognized the leaves on Shark Island.
Once knowing the secret, the preparation of the dish is extremely
simple: the leaves are soaked in water, fresh every day, for a week,
and then boiled for a few hours with orange juice, citron and sugar.'

We were all delighted with the delicacy, and thanked my wife for it
most heartily, the boys declaring that they must at once go off again
to the island to collect as many of the leaves as they could find. I
agreed to accompany them, for I wished to examine the plantations we
had made there.

All were flourishing, the palms and mangroves had shot up in a most
marvellous manner, and many of the seeds which I had cast at random
amongst the clefts in the rocks had germinated, and promised to clothe
the nakedness of the frowning boulders.

A way up among the rocks too we discovered a bright sparkling spring of
delicious water, at which, from the footprints around, we saw that the
antelopes must have refreshed themselves.

Finding everything so satisfactory, we were naturally anxious to
discover how our colony and plantations on Whale Island had fared. It
was evident at a glance that the rabbits had increased, the young and
tender shoots of the trees bore the marks of many greedy mischievous
little teeth. The cocoanut palms alone had they spared.

Such depredations as these could not be allowed, and with the help of
the boys I erected round each stem a hedge of prickly thorn, and then
prepared again to embark; before we did so, however, I noticed that
some of the seaweed had also been gnawed by the rabbits, and wondering
what it could have been to tempt them, I collected some of it to
examine more fully at home.

The skeleton of the whale, too, attracted our attention, for picked
clean by the birds and bleached by sun and rain the bones had been
purified to a most perfect whiteness. Thinking that the joints of the
vertebrae might be made of use, I separated some ten or twelve, and
rolled them down to the boat, and then returned to the shore, towing
them after us.

A scheme now occupied my mind for the construction of a crushing
machine which would prove of the greatest service to us. I knew that to
make such a machine of stone was far beyond my power, but it had struck
me that the vertebrae of the whale might serve my purpose.

I determined next morning to look out a tree from which I might cut the
blocks of wood that I should require to raise my crushers.

My expedition was destined to be a solitary one, for when I went to the
stables for a horse, I discovered that the boys had gone off by
themselves with their guns and traps, and had left to me a choice
between the bull and buffalo.

With Storm, therefore, I was fain to be content. I crossed the bridge,
but as I reached the cassava field I noticed to my great annoyance that
it had been overrun and laid waste by some mischievous animals. I
examined the footprints, and seeing that they greatly resembled those
of pigs, determined to follow the trail, and see who these invaders of
our territory would prove to be.

The track led me on for some way until I almost lost sight of it near
our old potato field. For some time I hunted backwards and forwards
without seeing a sign of the animals; at length a loud barking from
Floss and Bruno, who were with me, announced that they had been

The whole family of our old sow, and she herself, were standing at bay,
showing their teeth and grunting so savagely, that the dogs feared to
approach them.

I raised my gun and fired twice amongst the herd: two of the pigs
fell, and the rest fled, followed by the dogs. I picked up the pigs,
and calling back the pursuers, continued my way through the forest.

A tree suited to my purpose was soon found; I marked it, and returned

Ernest, who had remained at home, assisted me to flay the young
porkers, and I handed them over to my wife to prepare for supper; by
which time I hoped the other lads would have returned.

Late in the evening we heard the sounds of trampling hoofs, and
presently Jack appeared, thundering along upon his two-legged steed,
followed in the distance by Fritz and Franz. These latter carried upon
their cruppers game-bags, the contents of which were speedily
displayed: four birds, a kangaroo, twenty musk-rats, a monkey, two
hares and half a dozen beaver rats, were laid before me. Besides these,
Fritz threw down, without a word of explanation, a bundle of thistles.

The boys seemed almost wild with excitement at the success of their
expedition, and presently Jack exclaimed:

`Oh, father, you can't think what grand fun hunting on an ostrich is;
we flew along like the wind; sometimes I could scarcely breathe, we
were going at such a rate, and I was obliged to shut my eyes because of
the terrific rush of air; really, father, you must make me a mask with
glass eyes to ride with, or I shall be blinded one of these fine days.'

`Indeed!' replied I, `I must do no such thing.' `Why not?' asked he,
with a look of amazement upon his face.

`For two reasons: firstly, because I do not consider that I must do
anything that you demand; and, secondly, because I think that you are
very capable of doing it yourself. However, I must congratulate you
upon your abundant supply of game; you must have indeed worked hard.

`Yet I wish that you would let me know when you intend starting on such
a long expedition as this; you forget that though you yourselves know
that you are quite safe, and that all is going on well, yet that we at
home are kept in a constant state of anxiety. Now, off with you, and
look to your animals, and then you may find supper ready.'

Presently the boys returned, and we prepared for a most appetizing meal
which the mother set before us.

While we were discussing the roast pig, and washing it down with
fragrant mead, Fritz described the day's expedition.

They had set their traps near Woodlands, and had there captured the
musk-rats, attracting them with small carrots, while with other traps,
baited with fish and earthworms, they had caught several beaver rats,
and a duck-billed platypus. Hunting and fishing had occupied the rest
of the day, and it was with immense pride that Jack displayed the
kangaroo which he had run down with his swift courser.

Contributions to the garden had not been forgotten, and Fritz handed
over to his mother several cuttings from cinnamon and sweet-apple
trees. Finally, when all the other treasures had been displayed, Fritz
begged me to examine his thistles which he had gathered, thinking, he
said, that it was a plant used in the manufacture of wool.

He was perfectly right, for I recognized it at once as the `fuller's
teazle', a plant whose sharp little thorns, which cover the stem and
leaves, are used to raise the nap of cloth. We resolved to be up
betimes the following morning, that we might attend to the preparation
of the booty, and as I now noticed that the boys were all becoming
extremely drowsy, I closed the day with evening devotions.

The number of the creatures we killed rendered the removal of their
skins a matter of no little time and trouble. It was not an agreeable
task at any time, and when I saw the array of animals the boys had
brought me to flay, I determined to construct a machine which would
considerably lessen the labour.

Amongst the ship's stores, in the surgeon's chest, I discovered a
large syringe. This, with a few alterations, would serve my purpose
admirably. Within the tube I first fitted a couple of valves, and then,
perforating the stopper, I had in my possession a powerful air pump.
The boys stared at me in blank amazement when, armed with this
instrument, I took up the kangaroo, and declared myself ready to
commence operations.

`Skin a kangaroo with a squirt?' said they, and a roar of laughter
followed the remark.

I made no reply to the jests which followed, but silently hung the
kangaroo by its hind legs to the branch of a tree. I then made a small
incision in the skin, and inserting the mouth of the syringe forced air
with all my might between the skin and the body of the animal. By
degrees the hide of the kangaroo distended, altering the shape of the
creature entirely.

Still I worked on, forcing in yet more air until it had become a mere
shapeless mass, and I soon found that the skin was almost entirely
separated from the carcase. A bold cut down the belly, and a few
touches here and there where the ligatures still bound the hide to the
body, and the animal was flayed.

`What a splendid plan!' cried the boys. `But why should it do it?'

`For a most simple and natural reason,' I replied. `Do you not know
that the skin of an animal is attached to its flesh merely by slender
and delicate fibres, and that between these exist thousands of little
bladders or air chambers; by forcing air into these bladders the fibres
are stretched, and at length, elastic as they are, cracked. The skin
has now nothing to unite it to the body, and, consequently, may be
drawn off with perfect ease.

`This scientific fact has been known for many years; the Greenlanders
make constant use of it; when they have killed a seal or walrus they
distend the skin that they may tow the animal more easily ashore, and
then remove its hide at a moment's notice.' The remaining animals were
subjected to the same treatment, and, to my great joy, in a couple of
days the skins were all off, and being prepared for use.

I now summoned the boys to assist me in procuring blocks of wood for my
crushing machine, and the following day we set forth with saws, ropes,
axes and other tools. We soon reached the tree I had selected for my
purpose, and I began by sending Fritz and Jack up into the tree with
axes to cut off the larger of the high branches so that, when the tree
fell, it might not injure its neighbours.

They then descended, and Fritz and I attacked the stem. As the easiest
and most speedy method we used a saw, such as is employed by sawyers in
a saw-pit and, Fritz taking one end and I the other, the tree was soon
cut half through. We then adjusted ropes that we might guide its fall,
and again began to cut. It was labourious work, but when I considered
that the cut was sufficiently deep we took the ropes and pulled with
our united strength. The trunk cracked, swayed, tottered, and fell with
a crash.

The boughs were speedily lopped off, and the trunk sawed into blocks
four feet long. To cut down and divide this tree had taken us a couple
of days, and on the third we carted home four large and two small
blocks, and with the vertebrae joints of the whale I, in a very short
time, completed my machine.

While engaged on this undertaking I had paid little attention to our
fields of grain, and, accordingly, great was my surprise when one
evening the fowls returned, showing most evident indifference to their
evening meal, and with their crops perfectly full. It suddenly struck
me that these birds had come from the direction of our cornfield. I
hurried off to see what damage they had done, and then found to my
great joy that the grain was perfectly ripe.

The amount of work before us startled my wife. This unexpected
harvest, which added reaping and threshing to the fishing, salting, and
pickling already on hand, quite troubled her.

`Only think,' said she, `of my beloved potatoes and manioc roots! What
is to become of them, I should like to know? It is time to take them
up, and how to manage it, with all this press of work, I can't see.'

`Don't be downhearted, wife,' said I; `there is no immediate hurry
about the manioc, and digging potatoes in this fine, light soil is easy
work compared to what it is in Switzerland, while as to planting more,
that will not be necessary if we leave the younger plants in the
ground. The harvest we must conduct after the Italian fashion, which,
although anything but economical, will save time and trouble, and as we
are to have two crops in the year, we need not be too particular.'

Without further delay, I commenced leveling a large space of firm
clayey ground to act as a threshing floor; it was well sprinkled with
water, rolled, beaten, and stamped; as the sun dried the moisture it
was watered anew, and the treatment continued until it became as
flat, hard, and smooth as a threshing floor need be.

Our largest wicker basket was then slung between Storm and Grumble; we
armed ourselves with reaping hooks, and went forth to gather in the
corn in the simplest and most expeditious manner imaginable. I told my
reapers not to concern themselves about the length of the straw, but to
grasp the corn where it was convenient to them, without stooping; each
was to wind a stalk around his own handful, and throw it into the
basket; in this way great labour was saved.

The plan pleased the boys immensely, and in a short time the basket had
been filled many times, and the field displayed a quantity of tall,
headless stubble, which perfectly horrified the mother, so extravagant
and untidy did she consider our work.

`This is dreadful!' cried she; `you have left numbers of ears growing
on short stalks, and look at that splendid straw completely wasted! I
don't approve of your Italian fashion at all.'

`It is not a bad plan, I can assure you, wife, and the Italians do not
waste the straw by not cutting it with the grain; having more arable
than pasture land, they use this high stubble for their cattle, letting
them feed in it, and eat what grain is left; afterward, allowing the
grass to grow up among it, they mow all together for winter fodder. And
now for threshing, also in Italian fashion. We shall find it spares our
arms and backs as much in that as in reaping.'

The little sheaves were laid in a large circle on the floor, the boys
mounted Storm, Grumble, Lightfoot, and Hurry, starting off at a brisk
trot, with many a merry jest, and round they went, trampling and
stamping out the grain, while dust and chaff flew in clouds about them.

My wife and I were incessantly occupied with hayforks, by means of
which we shook up and moved the sheaves over which the threshers rode,
so as to throw them in the track.

From time to time the animals took mouthfuls of the tempting food they
were beating out; we thought they well deserved it, and called to mind
the command given to the Jews, `Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that
treadeth out the corn.'

After threshing, we proceeded to winnowing: by simply throwing the
threshed corn with shovels high in the air when the land or sea-breeze
blew strong, the chaff and refuse was carried away by the wind and the
grain fell to the ground.

During these operations our poultry paid the threshing-floor many
visits, testifying a lively interest in the success of our labours, and
gobbling up the grain at such a rate that my wife was obliged to keep
them at a reasonable distance; but I would not have them altogether
stinted in the midst of our plenty. I said, `Let them enjoy themselves;
what we lose in grain, we gain in flesh. I anticipate delicious
chicken-pie, roast goose, and boiled turkey!'

When our harvest stores were housed, we found that we had reaped
sixty, eighty, even a hundred-fold what had been sown. Our garner was
truly filled with all manner of store.

Expecting a second harvest, we were constrained to prepare the field
for sowing again, and immediately therefore commenced mowing down the
stubble. While engaged in this, flocks of quails and partridges came to
glean among the scattered ears. We did not secure any great number, but
resolved to be prepared for them next season, and by spreading nets, to
catch them in large quantities.

My wife was satisfied when she saw the straw carried home and stacked;
our crop of maize, which of course had not been threshed like the other
corn, afforded soft leaves which were used for stuffing mattresses,
while the stalks, when burnt, left ashes so rich in alkali as to be
especially useful.

I changed the crops sown on the ground to rye, barley and oats, and
hoped they would ripen before the rainy season.

The shoals of herring made their appearance just as we finished our
agricultural operations. This year we pickled only two barrels of them;
but we were not so merciful towards the seals, which arrived on the
coast directly afterwards. We hunted them vigorously, requiring their
skins for many purposes, more especially for the completion of the
cajack. On the little deck of that tiny vessel I had made a kind of
magazine, in which to store pistols, ammunition, water and provisions,
and this I meant to cover with seal-skin, so as to be quite watertight.
A couple of harpoons furnished with seal bladders were to be suspended

Chapter 15

At last came the day when Fritz was to make his trial trip with the
cajack. Completely equipped in swimming costume--trousers, and jacket
and cap--it was most ludicrous to see him cower down in the canoe and
puff and blow till he began to swell like the frog in the fable.

All trace of his original figure was speedily lost, and shouts of
laughter greeted his comical appearance. Even his mother could not
resist a smile, although the dress was her own invention.

I got the other boat out, that my wife might see we were ready to go to
his assistance the moment it became necessary.

The cajack was launched from a convenient shelving point, and floated
lightly on the sea-green ocean mirror. Fritz with his paddles then
began to practise all manner of evolutions: darting along with arrowy
swiftness, wheeling to the right, then to the left; and at last,
flinging himself quite on his side, while his mother uttered a shriek
of terror, he showed that the tiny craft would neither capsize nor
sink. Then, recovering his balance, he sped securely on his further

Encouraged by our shouts of approbation, he now boldly ventured into
the strong current of Jackal River, and was rapidly carried out to sea.

This being more than I had bargained for, I lost no time in giving
chase in the boat, with Ernest and Jack; my wife, urging us to greater
speed, and declaring that some accident could not fail to happen to
`that horrid soap-bubble'.

We soon arrived outside the bay, at the rocks where formerly lay the
wreck, and gazed in all directions for signs of the runaway.

After a time we saw, at a considerable distance, a faint puff of
smoke, followed by the crack of a pistol. Upon this we fired a signal
shot, which was presently answered by another, and, steering in the
direction of the sound, we soon heard the boy's cheery halloo; the
cajack darted from behind a point of land, and we quickly joined

`Come to this rocky beach,' cried Fritz, `I have something to show

With blank amazement we beheld a fine well-grown young walrus,
harpooned and quite dead.

`Did you kill this creature, my dear Fritz?' I exclaimed, looking
round in some anxiety, and half expecting to see a naked savage come to
claim the prize.

`To be sure, father! Don't you see my harpoon? Why do you doubt it?'

`Well, I scarcely know,' replied I, laughing, `but success so speedy,
so unexpected, and so appropriate, to an amateur Greenlander, took me
by surprise. I congratulate you, my boy! But I must tell you that you
have alarmed us by making this long trip. You should not have gone out
of the bay. I left your mother in grievous trouble.'

`Indeed, father, I had no idea of passing out of sight, but once in the
current, I was carried along, and could not help myself. Then I came on
a herd of walruses, and I did so long to make a prize of one that I
forgot everything else, and made chase after them when beyond the
influence of the current, until I got near enough to harpoon this fine
fellow. He swam more slowly, and I struck him a second time; then he
sought refuge among these rocks, and expired. I landed, and scrambled
to where he lay; but I took care to give him the contents of my pistol
before going close up, having a salutary recollection of the big
serpent's parting fling at you, Jack.'

`You ran a very great risk,' said I. `The walrus is an inoffensive
creature; but when attacked and wounded, it often becomes furious and,
turning upon its pursuer, can destroy, with its long tusks, a strongly
built whale boat. However, thank God for your safety! I value that
above a thousand such creatures. Now what's to be done with him? He
must be quite fourteen feet long, although not full grown.'

`I am very glad you followed me, father,' said Fritz, `but our united
strength will not move this prodigious weight from among these rocks;
only do let me carry away the head, with these grand snow-white tusks!
I should so like to fasten it on the prow of the cajack, and name it
the Sea-horse.'

`We must certainly carry away the beautiful ivory tusks,' said I, `but
make haste! The air feels so excessively close and sultry, I think a
storm is brewing.'

`But the head! The head! we must have the whole head,' cried Jack,
`just think how splendid it will look on the cajack!'

`And how splendid it will smell too, when it begins to putrefy,' added
Ernest. `What a treat for the steersman!'

`Oh, we will prepare for that,' said Fritz. `It shall be soaked and
cleaned, and dried till it is as hard as a wooden model; it shall not
offend your delicate nose in the least, Ernest!'

`I supposed the walrus to be an animal peculiar to the Arctic
regions,' remarked Ernest.

`And so it is,' I replied, `though they may occasionally be seen
elsewhere; these may have wandered from the Antarctic seas. I know that
on the eastern coast of Africa is found a smaller species of walrus
called the dugong: it has long incisor teeth, but not tusks; and
certainly resembles a seal rather than a walrus.'

While thus speaking, we were actively engaged in the decapitation of
the walrus, and in cutting off long strips of its skin. This took some
time, as we had not the proper implements, and Fritz remarked, that in
future the cajack must be provided with a hunting-knife and a hatchet;
adding that he should like to have a small compass, in a box with a
glass top, fixed in front of the hole where the steersman sits. I saw
the necessity of this and I promised it should be done.

Our work being accomplished, we were ready to go, and I proposed to
take Fritz and the canoe on board our boat, so that we might all arrive
together; but I yielded to his earnest wish to return alone as he came;
he longed to act as our avant-courier, and announce our approach to his
mother; so he was soon skimming away over the surface of the water,
while we followed at slower rate.

Black clouds meanwhile gathered thick and fast around us, and a
tremendous storm came on. Fritz was out of sight and beyond our reach.

We buckled on the swimming belts, and firmly lashed ourselves to the
boat, so that we might not be washed overboard by the towering seas
which broke over it.

The horizon was shrouded in darkness, fearful gusts of wind lashed the
ocean into foam, rain descended in torrents, while livid lightning
glared athwart the gloom. Both my boys faced the danger nobly; and my
feelings of alarm were mingled with hope on finding how well the boat

The tempest swept on its way, and the sky began to clear as suddenly as
it had been overcast; yet the stormy waves continued for a long time to
threaten our frail bark with destruction, in spite of its buoyancy and

Yet I never lost hope for ourselves--all my fears were for Fritz; in
fact I gave him up for lost, and my whole agonized heart arose in
prayer for strength to say, `Thy will be done!'

At last we rounded the point, and once more entering Safety Bay,
quickly drew near the little harbour.

What was our surprise--our overwhelming delight when there we saw the
mother with Fritz, as well as her little boy, on their knees in prayer
so earnest for our deliverance, that our approach was unperceived,
until with cries of joy we attracted their notice.

Then indeed ensued a happy meeting, and we gave thanks together for the
mercy which had spared our lives.

Returning joyfully to Rockburg, we changed our drenched garments for
warm dry clothes; and, seated at a comfortable meal, considered and
described at our ease the perils of the storm.

Afterwards, the head of the walrus was conveyed to our workshop; where
it underwent such a skilful and thorough process of cleaning, embalming
and drying, that ere long it was actually fixed on the prow of the
cajack, and a most imposing appearance it presented!

The strips of hide, when well tanned and prepared, made valuable

Much damage had been done by the late storm. The heavy rain had
flooded all the streams, and injured crops which should have been
housed and safe before the regular rainy season.

The bridge over Jackal River was partly broken down, and the water
tanks and pipes all needed repair. So that our time was much occupied
in restoring things to order.

On going to work one day near the cascade, we found a great number of
dark-red berries, scattered on the ground; they were about the size of
ordinary hazel-nuts, with small leafy coronets at the tip.

The boys thought them so inviting, that they tasted them at once, but
angry exclamations and much spitting and spluttering followed the
experiment; even Knips rejected them, and they would have been cast
aside with contempt, had not the smell induced me to examine them. I
decided that this was the fruit of the clove.

Some plants were immediately set in the nursery garden, and my wife was
pleased to have this excellent spice wherewith to flavour her boiled
rice and other dishes, in lieu of pepper--a very welcome variety to

Having a good supply of clay, brought from the bed near Falconhurst, I
proposed to use it for making aqueducts; and, observing how much the
recent rain had promoted the growth of our young corn, I determined to
irrigate the fields with the drainage from our crushing-mill.

The fishing season was again successful. Large takes of salmon,
sturgeon and herring rewarded our annual exertions, and our store-room
again assumed a well-stocked appearance. Much as I wished that we could
obtain a constant supply of these fish fresh, I was obliged to reject
the naive proposal from Jack, that we should tether a shoal of salmon
by the gills to the bottom of the bay as we had secured the turtles.

Many quiet uneventful days passed by and I perceived that the boys,
wearied by the routine of farm work at Rockburg, were longing for a
cruise in the yacht or an expedition into the woods, which would
refresh both mind and body.

`Father,' said Fritz at length, `we want a quantity of hurdles, and
have scarcely any more bamboos of which to make them. Had we not better
get a supply from Woodlands? And you said, too, the other day, that you
wished you had some more of the fine clay: we might visit the Gap at
the same time.'

I had really no objection to propose; and it was shortly afterwards
settled that Fritz, Jack, and Franz should start together; and that
Ernest, who had no great desire to accompany his brothers, should
remain with his mother and me, and assist in the construction of a
sugar-mill, the erection of which I had long contemplated.

Before they started, Fritz begged some bear's meat from his mother, to
make pemmican.

`And what may pemmican be?' she asked.

`It is food carried by the fur-traders of North America on their long
journeys through the wild country they traverse; and consists of bear
or deer's flesh, first cooked and then pounded or ground to powder. It
is very portable, and nourishing.'

His mother consented `to humour him', as she said, although without
much faith in the value of the preparation; and in the course of two
days a stock of pemmican, sufficient for a Polar expedition, was
fabricated by our enthusiastic son.

They were ready to start, when I observed Jack quietly slip a basket,
containing several pigeons, under the packages in the cart.

`Oh, oh!' thought I, `the little fellow has his doubts about that
pemmican, and thinks a tough old pigeon would be preferable.'

The weather was exquisite; and, with exhortations to prudence and
caution from both me and their mother, the three lads started in the
very highest spirits. Storm and Grumble, as usual, drew the cart, and
were ridden by Fritz and Franz; while Hurry carried Jack swiftly across
the bridge in advance of them; followed by Floss and Bruno, barking
at his heels.

The sugar-mill occupied us for several days, and was made so much like
our other mills that I need not now describe it.

On the evening of the first day, as we sat resting in the porch at
Rockburg, we naturally talked of the absentees, wondering and guessing
what they might be about.

Ernest looked rather mysterious, and hinted that he might have news of
them next morning.

Just then a bird alighted on the dove-cot, and entered. I could not
see, in the failing light, whether it was one of our own pigeons or an
intruder. Ernest started up, and said he would see that all was right.

In a few minutes he returned with a scrap of paper in his hand. `News,
father! The very latest news by pigeon-post, mother!'

`Well done, boys! What a capital idea!' said I, and taking the note I

`Dearest parents and Ernest,

`A brute of a hyaena has killed a ram and two lambs. The dogs seized
it. Franz shot it. It is dead and skinned. The pemmican isn't worth
much, but we are all right. Love to all.


`Woodlands, 15th instant

`A true hunter's letter!' laughed I. `But what exciting news. When does
the next post come in, Ernest?'

`Tonight, I hope,' said he, while his mother sighed, and doubted the
value of such glimpses into the scenes of danger through which her sons
were passing, declaring she would much rather wait and hear all about
it when she had them safe home again.

Thus the winged letter-carriers kept us informed from day to day of the
outline of adventures which were afterwards more fully described.

On approaching the farm at Woodlands, the boys were startled by
hearing, as they thought, human laughter, repeated again and again;
while, to their astonishment, the oxen testified the greatest
uneasiness, the dogs growled and drew close to their masters, and the
ostrich fairly bolted with Jack into the rice swamp.

The laughter continued, and the beasts became unmanageable.

`Something is very far wrong!' cried Fritz. `I cannot leave the
animals; but while I unharness them, do you, Franz, take the dogs, and
advance cautiously to see what is the matter.'

Without a moment's hesitation, Franz made his way among the bushes with
his gun, and closely followed by the dogs; until, through an opening in
the thicket, he could see, at the distance of about forty paces, an
enormous hyaena, in the most wonderful state of excitement; dancing
round a lamb just killed, and uttering, from time to time, the ghastly
hysterical laughter which had pealed through the forest.

The beast kept running backwards and forwards, rising on its hind
legs, and then rapidly whirling round and round, nodding its head, and
going through most frantic and ludicrous antics.

Franz kept his presence of mind very well; for he watched till,
calming down, the hyaena began with horrid growls to tear its prey; and
then, firing steadily both barrels, he broke its foreleg, and wounded
it in the breast.

Meanwhile Fritz, having unyoked the oxen and secured them to trees,
hurried to his brother's assistance. The dogs and the dying hyaena were
by this time engaged in mortal strife; but the latter, although it
severely wounded both Floss and Bruno, speedily succumbed, and was dead
when the boys reached the spot.

They raised a shout of triumph, which guided Jack to the scene of
action; and their first care was for the dogs, whose wounds they
dressed before minutely examining the hyaena. It was as large as a wild
boar; long stiff bristles formed a mane on its neck, its colour was
grey marked with black, the teeth and jaws were of extraordinary
strength, the thighs muscular and sinewy, the claws remarkably strong
and sharp altogether. But for his wounds, he would certainly have been
more than a match for the dogs.

After unloading the cart at the farm, the boys returned for the
carcase of the tiger-wolf, as it is sometimes called, and occupied
themselves in skinning it during the remainder of the day, when after
dispatching the carrier-pigeon to Rockburg, they retired to rest on
their bearskin rugs, to dream of adventures past and future.

The following day they devised no less a scheme than to survey the
shores of Wood Lake, and place marks wherever the surrounding marsh was
practicable and might be crossed either to reach the water or leave it.

Fritz in the cajack, and the boys on shore, carefully examined the
ground together; and when they found firm footing to the water's edge,
the spot was indicated by planting a tall bamboo, bearing on high a
bundle of reeds and branches.

They succeeded in capturing three young black swans, after
considerable resistance from the old ones. They were afterwards
brought to Rockburg, and detained as ornaments to Safety Bay.

Presently a beautiful heron thrust his long neck from among the reeds,
to ascertain what all the noise on the lake was about.

Before he could satisfy his curiosity, Fritz unhooded his eagle, and
though vainly he flapped and struggled, his legs and wings were gently
but firmly bound, and he had to own himself vanquished, and submit to
the inspection of his delighted captors.

It was their turn to be alarmed next, for a large powerful animal came
puffing with a curious whistling sound through the dense thicket of
reeds, passing close by and sorely discomposing them by its sudden
appearance. It was out of sight immediately, before they could summon
the dogs, and from their description it must have been a tapir, the
colour dark brown, and in form resembling a young rhinoceros, but with
no horn on the nose, and the upper lip prolonged into a trunk something
like that of an elephant on a smaller scale. It is a gentle creature,
but when attacked becomes a fierce opponent, and can wound dogs
dangerously with its powerful teeth. The tapir can swim and dive with
perfect ease, and abounds in the densely wooded swamps and rivers of
tropical America.

Fritz in his cajack followed for a time the direction in which the
tapir proceeded, but saw no more of it. Meanwhile the other two boys
returned to the farm by the rice-fields, and there fell in with a flock
of cranes, five or six of which they caught alive, among them two
demoiselle or Numidian cranes.

These birds they shot at with arrows arranged in a skilful and
original way, with loops of cord dipped in birdlime attached to them,
so that it often happened that the bird aimed at, was entangled and
brought down uninjured.

The young hunters seemed to have lived very comfortably on peccary ham,
cassava bread and fruit, and plenty of baked potatoes and milk.

One trial of the pemmican was sufficient, and it was handed over to the
dogs. Fritz, however, determined again to attempt the manufacture,
knowing its value when properly prepared.

After collecting a supply of rice and cotton, they took their way to
Prospect Hill, `and,' said Fritz, as he afterwards vividly described
the dreadful scene there enacted, `when we entered the pine wood, we
found it in possession of troops of monkeys, who resolved to make our
passage through it as disagreeable as possible, for they howled and
chattered at us like demons, pelting us as hard as they could with pine

`They became so unbearable, that at last we fired a few shots right and
left among them; several bit the dust, the rest fled, and we continued
our way in peace to Prospect Hill, but only to discover the havoc the
wretches had made there.

`Would you believe it, father? The pleasant cottage had been overrun
and ruined by apes just as Woodlands last summer! The most dreadful
dirt and disorder met our eyes wherever we turned, and we had hard work
to make the place fit for human habitation; and even then we preferred
the tent. I felt quite at a loss how to guard the farm for the future;
but seeing a bottle of the poisonous gum of the euphorbia in the tool
chest, I devised a plan for the destruction of the apes which succeeded
beyond my expectations.

`I mixed poison with milk, bruised millet and anything I thought the
monkeys would eat, and put it in cocoanut shells, which I hung about in
the trees, high enough to be out of reach of our own animals. The
evening was calm and lovely; the sea murmured in the distance, and the
rising moon shed a beauty over the landscape which we seemed never
before to have so admired and enjoyed. The summer night closed around
us in all its solemn stillness, and our deepest feelings were touched;
when suddenly the spell was broken by an outburst of the most hideous
and discordant noises.

`As by one consent, every beast of the forest seemed to arise from its
den, and utter its wild nocturnal cry. Snorting, snarling and shrieking
filled the woods beneath us.

`From the hills echoed the mournful howl of jackals, answered by Fangs
in the yard, who was backed up by the barking and yelping of his
friends Floss and Bruno. Far away beyond the rocky fastnesses of the
Gap, sounded unearthly hollow snortings and neighings, reminding one of
the strange cry of the hippopotamus; above these, occasional deep
majestic roarings made our hearts quail with the conviction that we
heard the voices of lions and elephants.

`Overawed and silent, we retired to rest, hoping to forget in sleep the
terrors of the midnight forest; but ere long the most fearful cries in
the adjoining woods gave notice that the apes were beginning to suffer
from the poisoned repast prepared for them.

`As our dogs could not remain silent amid the uproar and din, we had
not a wink of sleep until the morning. It was late, therefore, when we
rose, and looked on the awful spectacle presented by the multitude of
dead monkeys and baboons thickly strewn under the trees round the farm.
I shall not tell you how many there were. I can only say I wished I had
not found the poison, and we made all haste to clear away the dead
bodies and the dangerous food, burying some deep in the earth, and,
carrying the rest to the shore, we pitched them over the rocks into the
sea. That day we travelled on to the Gap.'

The same evening that the boys reached the rocky pass, a
messenger-pigeon arrived at Rockburg, bearing a note which concluded in
the following words:

`The barricade at the Gap is broken down. Everything laid waste as far
as the sugar-brake, where the hut is knocked to pieces, and the fields
trampled over by huge footmarks. Come to us, father--we are safe, but
feel we are no match for this unknown danger.'

I lost not an instant, but saddled Swift, late as it was, in order to
ride to the assistance of our boys, desiring Ernest to prepare the
small cart, and follow me with his mother at daybreak, bringing
everything we should require for camping out for some days.

The bright moonlight favoured my journey, and my arrival at the
Gap surprised and delighted the boys who did not expect me till next
day. Early on the following morning I inspected the footprints and
ravages of the great unknown. The cane-brake had, without doubt, been
visited by an elephant. That great animal alone could have left such
traces and committed such fearful ravages.

Thick posts in the barricade were snapped across like reeds; the trees
in the vicinity, where we planned to build a cool summer-house, were
stripped of leaves and branches to a great height, but the worst
mischief was done among the young sugar-cane plants, which were all
either devoured or trampled down and destroyed.

It seemed to me that not one elephant, but a troop must have invaded
our grounds. The tracks were very numerous, and the footprints of
various sizes; but, to my satisfaction, I saw that they could be traced
not only from the Gap, but back to it in evidently equal numbers.

We did not, therefore, suppose that the mighty animals remained hidden
in the woods of our territory; but concluded that, after this
freebooting incursion, they had withdrawn to their native wilds, where,
by greatly increasing the strength of our ramparts, we hoped henceforth
to oblige them to remain.

In what manner to effect this we laid many plans, during the night of
my arrival, when, sitting by an enormous watch-fire, I chatted with my
boys, and heard details of their numerous adventures, so interesting
for them to relate, and for me to hear, that everyone was more disposed
to act sentinel than retire to sleep.

My wife and Ernest arrived next day, and she rejoiced to find all
well, making light of trodden fields and trampled sugar-canes, since
her sons were sound in life and limb.

A systematic scheme of defence was now elabourated, and the erection of
the barricade occupied us for at least a month, as it was to be a firm
and durable building, proof against all invasion.

As our little tent was unsuited to a long residence of this sort, I
adopted Fritz's idea of a Kamschatkan dwelling and, to his great
delight, forthwith carried it out.

Instead of planting four posts, on which to place a platform, we chose
four trees of equal size, which, in a very suitable place, grew exactly
in a square, twelve or fourteen feet apart. Between these, at about
twenty feet from the ground, we laid a flooring of beams and bamboo,
smoothly and strongly planked. From this rose, on all four sides, walls
of cane; the frame of the roof was covered so effectually by large
pieces of bark that no rain could penetrate. The staircase to this
tree-cottage was simply a broad plank with bars nailed across it for
steps. The flooring projected like a balcony in front of the entrance
door, and underneath, on the ground, we fitted up sheds for cattle and

Various ornaments in Chinese or Japanese style were added to the roof
and eaves, and a most convenient, cool and picturesque cottage,
overhung and adorned by the graceful foliage of the trees, was the
result of our ingenuity.

I was pleased to find that the various birds taken by the boys during
this excursion seemed likely to thrive; they were the first inmates of
the new sheds, and even the black swans and cranes soon became tame and

Constantly roaming through the woods, the children often made new

Fritz brought one day, after an excursion to the opposite side of the
stream beyond the Gap, a cluster of bananas, and also of cacao-beans,
from which chocolate is made.

The banana, although valuable and nourishing food for the natives of
the tropical countries where it grows, is not generally liked by
Europeans, and probably this variety was even inferior to many others,
for we found the fruit much like rotten pears, and almost uneatable.

The cacao seeds tasted exceedingly bitter, and it seemed wonderful that
by preparation they should produce anything so delicious as chocolate.

My wife, who now fancied no manufacture beyond my skill, begged for
plants, seeds, or cuttings to propagate in her nursery garden, already
fancying herself in the enjoyment of chocolate for breakfast, and I
promised to make a cacao plantation near home.

`Let me have bananas also,' said she, `for we may acquire a taste for
that celebrated fruit, and, at all events, I am sure I can make it into
an excellent preserve.'

The day before our return to Rockburg, Fritz went again to the inland
region beyond the river to obtain a large supply of young
banana-plants, and the cacao-fruit. He took the cajack, and a bundle of
reeds to float behind him as a raft to carry the fruit, plants, and
anything else he might wish to bring back.

In the evening he made his appearance, coming swiftly down stream. His
brothers rushed to meet him, each eager to see and help to land his
cargo. Ernest and Fritz were quickly running up the bank, with arms
full of plants, branches and fruit, when Fritz handed to Jack a
dripping wet bag which he had brought along partly under water. A
curious pattering noise proceeded from this bag, but they kept the
contents a secret for the present, Jack running with it behind a bush
before peeping in, and I could just hear him exclaim:

`Hullo! I say, what monsters they are! It's enough to make a fellow's
flesh creep to look at them!'

With that he hastily shut up the bag, and put it away safely out of
sight in water.

Securing the cajack, Fritz sprang towards us, his handsome face
radiant with pleasure, as he exhibited a beautiful water-fowl. Its
plumage was rich purple, changing on the back to dark green; the legs,
feet and a mark above the bill, bright red. This lovely bird I
concluded to be the Sultan cock described by Buffon, and as it was
gentle, we gladly received it among our domestic pets.

Fritz gave a stirring account of his exploring trip, having made his
way far up the river, between fertile plains and majestic forests of
lofty trees, where the cries of vast numbers of birds, parrots,
peacocks, guinea-fowls and hundreds unknown to him, quite bewildered
him and made him feel giddy.

`It was in the Buffalo Swamp,' continued he, `that I saw the splendid
birds you call Sultan cocks, and I set my heart on catching one alive,
which, as they seemed to have little fear of my approach, I managed by
means of a wire snare. Farther on I saw a grove of mimosa trees, among
which huge dark masses were moving in a deliberate way. Guess what they

`Savages?' asked Franz timidly.

`Black bears, I bet!' cried Jack.

`Your words suggest to my mind the manner and appearance of
elephants,' said Ernest.

`Right you are, Professor!' exclaimed Fritz gaily, the words producing
quite a sensation on the whole attentive family. `From fifteen to
twenty elephants were feeding peacefully on the leafy boughs, tearing
down branches with their trunks and shoving them into their mouths with
one jerk, or bathing in the deep waters of the marsh for refreshment in
the great heat. You cannot imagine the wild grandeur of the scene! The
river being very broad, I felt safe from wild animals, and more than
once saw splendid jaguars crouched on the banks, their glossy skin
glancing in the sunlight.

`While considering if it would be simply foolhardy to try a shot at one
of these creatures, I was suddenly convinced that discretion is the
better part of valour, and urging my canoe into the centre current,
made a rapid retreat down the river. For just before me, in the calm
deep water of a sheltered bay where I was quietly floating, there arose
a violent boiling, bubbling commotion, and for an instant I thought a
hot spring was going to burst forth--instead of that, up rose the
hideous head and gaping jaws of a hippopotamus, who, with a hoarse
terrific snort, seemed about to attack me.

`I can tell you I did not wait to see the rest of him! A glimpse of his
enormous mouth and its array of white gleaming tusks was quite enough.
"Right about face!" said I to myself, and shot down the stream like an
arrow, never pausing till a bend in the river brought me within sight
of the Gap, where I once more felt safe, and joyfully made my way back
to you all.'

This narrative was of thrilling interest to us, proving the existence
of tribes of the most formidable animals beyond the rocky barrier which
defended, in so providential a manner, the small and fertile territory
on which our lot was cast.

During the absence of the adventurer we had been busily engaged in
making preparations for our departure--and everything was packed up and
ready by the morning after his return.

After some hesitation I yielded to his great wish, which was to return
by sea in his cajack round Cape Disappointment and so meet us at

He was much interested in examining the outlines of the coast, and the
rugged precipices of the Cape. These were tenanted by vast flocks of
sea-fowl and birds of prey; while many varieties of shrubs and plants,
hitherto unknown to us, grew in the clefts and crevices of the rocks,
some of them diffusing a strong aromatic odour. Among the specimens he
brought I recognized the caper plant and, with still greater pleasure,
a shrub which was, I felt sure, the tea-plant of China--it bore very
pretty white flowers and the leaves resembled myrtle.

Our land journey was effected without accident or adventure of any

Jack, mounted as usual on Hurry, the ostrich, carried the mysterious
wet bag very carefully slung at his side, and when near home started
off at a prodigious rate in advance of us.

He let fall the drawbridge, and we saw no more of him until, on
reaching Rockburg, he appeared leisurely returning from the swamp,
where apparently he had gone to deposit his `moist secret', as Franz
called it.

We were all glad to take up our quarters once more in our large and
convenient dwelling, and my first business was to provide for the great
number of birds we now had on our hands, by establishing them in
suitable localities, it being impossible to maintain them all in the
poultry-yard. Some were, therefore, taken to the islands; and the black
swans, the heron, the graceful demoiselle cranes, and our latest
acquisition, the splendid Sultan cock, soon became perfectly at home in
the swamp, greatly adding to the interest of the neighbourhood of
Safety Bay.

The old bustards were the tamest of all our feathered pets, and never
more so than at meal-times. They were unfailing in their attendance
when we dined or supped in the open air.

Towards evening, as we sat in the verandah listening to Fritz's
account of his trip round the Cape, an extraordinary hollow roaring
noise sounded from the swamp, not unlike the angry bellowing of a bull.

The dogs barked and the family rose in excitement; but remarked a look
of quiet humour in Fritz's eye, as he stood leaning against one of the
verandah pillars, watching Jack, who, in some confusion, started off
towards the marsh.

`Come back, you silly boy!' cried his mother. `The child has not so
much as a pistol, and is rushing off alone to face he knows not what!'

`Perhaps,' said I, looking at Fritz, `this is not a case requiring the
use of firearms. It may be only the booming of a bittern which we

`You need not be uneasy, mother,' said Fritz. `Jack knows what he is
about, only this charming serenade took him by surprise, and I fancy he
will have to exhibit his treasures before they reach perfection. Yes,
here he comes!'

Lugging his `moist secret' along with him, Jack, flushed and
breathless, came up to us, exclaiming:

`They were to grow as big as rabbits before you saw them! Such a
shame! I never thought they would kick up a row like that. Now for
it!'--and he turned out the bag. `This is "Grace", and this is

Two immense frogs rolled clumsily on the ground, and recovering their
feet, sat squat before us, swelling and buffing with a ludicrous air of
insulted dignity, while peals of laughter greeted them on all sides.

`Ladies and gentlemen, these are two very handsome young specimens of
the famous African bull-frog,' said Jack, pretending to be offended at
the mingled disgust and amusement occasioned by their appearance; `they
are but half-grown, and I hoped to maintain them in seclusion, until
they reached full size, when I would have introduced them with proper
eclat. But since their talent for music has brought them precociously
into public notice, I must beg for your kind and indulgent patronage
and--leave to take them back to the swamp.'

Great clapping of hands followed Jack's speech.

`Grace' and `Beauty' were examined, and commented on with much
interest, and voted decidedly handsome `in their way'.

Their general colour was greenish-brown, mottled and spotted with
reddish-brown, and yellow; the sides green and black; the underpart
yellow, mottled with orange. The eyes were positively beautiful, of a
rich chestnut hue, covered with golden white dots, which shone with a
metallic lustre. The skin of the body was puckered into longitudinal

By general consent they were remanded to the swamp. Shortly after our
return to Rockburg, my wife drew my attention to the somewhat
neglected state of our dear old summer residence at Falconhurst,
begging me to devote some time to its restoration and embellishment.

This I most willingly undertook, and we removed thither, as soon as the
boys had completed the arrangement of the artificial salt-lick to their

At Falconhurst things were quickly in good order, and we made a great
improvement by completing the broad terrace supported on the arching
roots of the trees--it was better floored--and rustic pillars and
trellis-work sustained a bark roof which afforded pleasant shade.

After this was done, I was compelled to consent to a plan long
cherished by Fritz, who wished to construct a watch-tower and mount a
gun on Shark Island. After great exertion, both mental and bodily, this
piece of military engineering was completed; and a flagstaff erected,
on which the guard at this outpost could run up a white flag to signal
the approach of anything harmless from the sea, while a red flag would
be shown on the least appearance of danger.

To celebrate the completion of this great work, which occupied us
during two months, we hoisted the white flag and fired a salute of six

Chapter 16

`We spend our years as a tale that is told,' said King David. These
words recurred to me again and again as I reviewed ten years, of which
the story lay chronicled in the pages of my journal.

Year followed year; chapter succeeded chapter; steadily,
imperceptibly, time was passing away.

The shade of sadness cast on my mind by retrospect of this kind, was
dispelled by thoughts full of gratitude to God, for the welfare and
happiness of my beloved family during so long a period. I had cause
especially to rejoice in seeing our sons advance to manhood
strengthened by early training for lives of usefulness and activity
wherever their lot might fall.

And my great wish is that young people who read this record of our
lives and adventures, should learn from it how admirably suited is the
peaceful, industrious and pious life of a cheerful and united family,
to the formation of strong, pure and manly character.

None take a better place in the great national family, none are
happier or more beloved than those who go forth from such homes to
fulfil new duties, and to gather fresh interests around them.

Having given a detailed account of several years' residence in New
Switzerland, as we liked to call our dominion, it is needless for me to
continue what would exhaust the patience of the most long-suffering, by
repeating monotonous narratives of exploring parties and hunting
expeditions, wearisome descriptions of awkward inventions and clumsy
machines, with an endless record of discoveries, more fit for the pages
of an encyclopaedia, than a book of family history.

Yet before winding up with the concluding events, I may mention some
interesting facts illustrative of our exact position at the time these
took place.

Rockburg and Falconhurst continued to be our winter and summer
headquarters, and improvements were added which made them more and more
convenient as well as attractive in appearance.

The fountains, trellised verandahs and plantations round Rockburg,
completely changed the character of the residence which on account of
the heat and want of vegetation had in former days been so distasteful
to my wife. Flowering creepers overhung the balconies and pillars;
while shrubs and trees, both native and European, grew luxuriantly in
groves of our planting.

In the distance, Shark Island, now clothed with graceful palms,
guarded the entrance to Safety Bay, the battery and flagstaff
prominently visible on its crested rock.

The swamp, cleared and drained, was now a considerable lake, with just
marsh and reeds enough beyond it to form good cover for the waterfowl
whose favourite retreat it was.

On its blue waters sailed stately black swans, snow-white geese and
richly coloured ducks; while out and in among the water-plants and
rushes would appear at intervals glimpses of the brilliant Sultan,
marsh-fowl, crimson flamingos, soft blue-grey demoiselle cranes, and
crested heron, all associating in harmony, and with no fear of us,
their masters.

The giant frogs, Grace and Beauty, delighted Jack by actually
attaining in time to the size of small rabbits; and, perfectly knowing
their very appropriate names, would waddle out of the marsh at his
call, to eat a grasshopper or dainty fly.

Beneath the spreading trees, and through the aromatic shrubberies, old
Hurry, the ostrich, was usually to be seen marching about, with grave
and dignified pace, as though monarch of all he surveyed. Every variety
of beautiful pigeon nested in the rocks and dove-cots, their soft
cooing and glossy plumage making them favourite household pets.

By the bridge alone could Rockburg be approached; for higher up the
river where, near the cascade, it was fordable, a dense and
impenetrable thicket of orange and lemon trees, Indian figs, prickly
pears and all manner of thorn-bearing shrubs, planted by us, now formed
a complete barrier.

The rabbit-warren on Shark Island kept us well supplied with food, as
well as soft and useful fur; and, as the antelopes did not thrive on
Whale Isle, they also were placed among the shady groves with the
rabbits, and their own island devoted to such work as candle-making,
tanning, wool-cleaning and any other needful but offensive operations.

The farm at Woodlands flourished, and our flocks and herds supplied us
with mutton, beef and veal, while my wife's dairy was almost more than
she could manage.

My boys retained their old love for giving names to the animals. They
had a beautiful creamy-white cow, called Blanche, and a bull with such
a tremendous voice, that he received the name of Stentor. Two fleet
young onagers were named Arrow and Dart; and Jack had a descendant of
his old favourite Fangs, the jackal, which he chose to call Coco,
asserting that no word could be distinguished at a distance without `o'
in it, giving illustrations of his theory till our ears were almost

Excellent health had been enjoyed by us all during these ten years,
though my wife occasionally suffered from slight attacks of fever, and
the boys sometimes met with little accidents.

They were all fine handsome fellows: Fritz, now twenty-four, was of
moderate height, uncommonly strong, active, muscular and

Ernest, two years younger, was tall and slight; in disposition, mild,
calm and studious; his early faults of indolence and selfishness were
almost entirely overcome. He possessed refined tastes and great
intellectual power.

Jack, at twenty, strongly resembled Fritz, being about his height,
though more lightly built, and remarkable rather for active grace and
agility than for muscular strength.

Franz, a lively youth of seventeen, had some of the qualities of each
of his brothers; he possessed wit and shrewdness, but not the arch
drollery of Jack.

All were honourable, God-fearing young men, dutiful and affectionate to
their mother and myself, and warmly attached to each other.

Although so many years had elapsed in total seclusion, it continued to
be my strong impression that we should one day be restored to the
society of our fellow men.

But time, which was bringing our sons to manhood, was also carrying
their parents onwards to old age; and anxious, gloomy thoughts relating
to their future, should they be left indeed alone, sometimes oppressed
my heart.

On such occasions I would not communicate the sense of depression to my
family, but turning in prayer to the Almighty Father, laid my trouble
before Him, with never-failing renewal of strength and hope.

My elder sons often made expeditions of which we knew nothing until
their return after many hours; when any uneasiness I might have felt
was dissipated by their joyous appearance, and reproof always died away
on my lips.

Fritz had been absent one whole day from Rockburg, and not until
evening did we remark that his cajack was gone, and that he must be out
at sea.

Anxious to see him return before nightfall, I went off to Shark Island
with Ernest and Jack, in order to look out for him from the watch-tower
there, at the same time hoisting our signal flag, and loading the gun.

Long we gazed across the expanse of ocean glittering in the level
beams of the setting sun, and finally discerned a small black speck in
the distance which, by the telescope, was proved to be the returning

I remarked that his skiff sailed at a slower rate than usual towards
the shore. The cannon was fired to let him know that his approach was
observed, and then we joyfully hurried back to receive him at the

It was easy to see, as he drew near, what had delayed his progress. The
cajack towed a large sack, besides being heavily laden. `Welcome,
Fritz!' I cried. `Welcome back, wherever you come from and whatever you
bring. You seem to have quite a cargo there!'

`Yes, and my trip has led to discoveries as well as booty,' answered
he. `Interesting discoveries which will tempt us again in the same
direction. Come, boys, let's carry up the things, and while I rest I
will relate my adventures.'

As soon as possible all assembled round him. `I think my absence
without leave deserves reproach instead of this warm reception,
father, and I must apologize for it,' he began, `but ever since I
possessed the cajack it has been my ambition to make a voyage of
discovery along the coast, which we have never explored beyond the
point at which I killed the walrus.

`In order to be ready to start without delay when a convenient
opportunity offered, I made preparations beforehand, such as
provisioning my skiff, fixing the compass in front of my seat,
arranging conveniently rifle, harpoon, axe, boat-hook and fishing-net.
I also resolved to take with me Pounce, my eagle, and this I always
will do in future.

`This morning dawned magnificently; the calm sea, the gentle breeze,
all drew me irresistibly to the fulfilment of my purpose.

`I left the harbour unperceived, the current quickly bore me out to
sea, and I rounded the point to the left, passing just over the spot
where, beneath the waves, lie the guns, cannon balls, ironwork, and all
that was indestructible about our good old wreck. And would you believe
it? Through the glassy clear water, undisturbed by a ripple, I actually
saw many such things strewn on the flat rocky bottom.

`Pursuing my way, I passed among rugged cliffs and rocks which jutted
out from the shore, or rose in rugged masses from the water. Myriads of
sea-fowl inhabited the most inaccessible of these, while on the lower
ridges, seals, sea-bears and walruses, were to be seen, some basking
lazily in the sun, some plunging into the water, or emerging awkwardly
from it, hoisting their unwieldy bodies up the rocks by means of their

`I must confess to feeling anything but comfortable while going
through the places held in possession by these monsters of the deep,
and used every effort to pass quickly and unnoticed. Yet it was more
than an hour and a half before I got clear of the rocks, cliffs, and
shoals to which they resorted, and neared a high and precipitous cape,
running far out to sea. Right opposite to me, in the side of this rocky
wall, was a magnificent archway, forming as it first appeared to me, a
lofty entrance to an immense vaulted cavern. I passed beneath this
noble portal and examined the interior.

`It was tenanted by numbers of a small species of swallow, scarcely
larger than a wren, and the walls were covered by thousands of their
nests. They were rudely built, and their peculiarity was that each
rested on a kind of platform, something like a spoon without the
handle. I detached a number, and found that they had a curious
appearance, seemingly made of something fibrous and gelatinous, and
more like a set of sponges, corals, or fungi, than nests of birds. I
have brought them home in my fishing net.'

`If we had commercial dealings with the Chinese,' said I, `your
discovery would be of value; these are doubtless edible birds' nests.
The bird is called the esculent swallow, and the trade in this strange
article of diet is a very large one. The nests are of different value,
but those which are quite new, and nearly white, are held in such
esteem that they are worth their weight in silver.

`There are tremendous caverns in Java and other places where, at great
risk, these nests are procured; the annual weight obtained being
upwards of fifty thousand pounds, and the value more than £200,000.

`When placed in water and well soaked, they soften and swell, and are
made into soup of very strengthening and restorative quality.

`I think you might try your hand on these, mother, just for
curiosity's sake.'

`I can't say I fancy the look of the queer things,' said she, `but I
don't mind trying if they will turn to jelly; though boiling birds'
nests is cookery quite out of my line.'

`Oh do, mother, let us taste birds' nests as soon as you can, though
the idea makes me fancy my mouth full of feathers!' laughed Jack.

`It is really a most curious formation,' said Fritz. `From whence are
the swallows supposed to get this kind of gelatine?'

`It has never been exactly ascertained,' I replied, `whether the birds
discover or produce this curious substance. But whatever may be its
basis, it is clear that a very large portion of it is furnished by
certain glands, which pour out a viscid secretion.'

`After laying in my store of nests,' continued Fritz, `I pursued my way
through this vaulted cave or corridor; which, presently turning, opened
into a very lonely bay, so calm and lake-like, that, although of
considerable size, I concluded at once it must be nearly land-locked.
Its shores, beyond the rocky boundary through which I penetrated,
extended in a fertile plain towards what seemed the mouth of a river,
beyond which lay rough and probably marshy ground, and a dense forest
of cedars, which closed the view.

`The water beneath me was clear as crystal; and, gazing into its
depths and shallows, I perceived beds of shellfish, like large
oysters, attached to the rocks and to each other by tufts of hairy

`"If these are oysters," thought I, "they must be better worth eating,
as far as size goes, than our little friends in Safety Bay," and
thereupon I hooked up several clusters with my boat-hook, and landing
soon after on the beach, I flung them on the sand, resolving to fetch
another load, and then tow them after me in the fishing-net.

`The hot sun disagreed with their constitution, I suppose; for when I
came back the shells were all gaping wide open; so I began to examine
them, thinking that after all they were probably much less delicate
than the small oysters we have learnt to like so much.

`Somehow, when a thing is to be "examined", one generally needs a
knife. The blade met with resistance here and there in the creature's
body; and still closer "examination" produced from it several pearly
balls, like peas, of different sizes. Do you think they can be pearls?
I have a number here in a box.'

`Oh, show them to us, Fritz!' cried the boys. `What pretty shining
things! And how delicately rounded! And how softly they gleam!'

`You have discovered treasure, indeed!' I exclaimed. `Why these are
most beautiful pearls! Valueless, certainly, under present
circumstances; but they may prove a source of wealth, should we ever
again come into contact with the civilized world. We must visit your
pearl-oyster beds at the earliest opportunity.'

`After resting for some time and refreshing myself with food,' pursued
Fritz, `I resumed my survey of the coast, my progress somewhat impeded
by the bag of shellfish, which I drew after me; but I proceeded without
accident past the mouth of the stream to the further side of the bay,
which was there enclosed by a point corresponding to that through which
I had entered; and between these headlands I found a line of reefs and
sand-banks, with but a single channel leading out to the open sea; from
which, therefore, Pearl Bay, as I named it, lies completely sheltered.

`The tide was setting strongly in shore, so that I could not then
attempt a passage through it, but examined the crags of the headland,
thinking I might perchance discover a second vaulted archway. I saw
nothing remarkable, however, but thousands of sea-fowl of every sort
and kind, from the gull and sea-swallow to the mighty albatross.

`My approach was evidently regarded as an invasion and trespass; for
they regularly beset me, screaming and wheeling over my head, till, out
of all patience, I stood up, and hit furiously about me with the
boat-hook; when, rather to my surprise, one blow struck an albatross
with such force, that he fell stunned into the water.

`I now once more attempted to cross the reef by the narrow channel, and
happily succeeding, found myself in the open sea, and speeding
homewards, joyfully saw our flag flying, and heard the welcome salute
you fired.'

Here ended the narrative; but next morning Fritz drew me aside, and
confided to me a most remarkable sequel, in these words:

`There was something very extraordinary about that albatross, father. I
allowed you to suppose that I left it as it fell, but in reality I
raised it to the deck of the canoe, and then perceived a piece of rag
wound round one of its legs. This I removed, and, to my utter
astonishment, saw English words written on it, which I plainly made out
to be "Save an unfortunate Englishwoman from the smoking rock!"

`This little sentence sent a thrill through every nerve: my brain
seemed to whirl. I doubted the evidence of my senses.

`"Is this reality, or delusion?" thought I, "Can it be true, that a
fellow creature breathes with us the air of this lonely region?"

`I felt stupefied for some minutes: the bird began to show signs of
life, which recalled me to myself; and, quickly deciding what must be
done, I tore a strip from my handkerchief, on which I traced the words,
"Do not despair! Help is near!"

`This I carefully bound round one leg, replacing the rag on the other,
and then applied myself to the complete restoration of the bird. It
gradually revived; and after drinking a little, surprised me by
suddenly rising on the wing, faltering a moment in its flight, and then
rapidly disappearing from my view in a westerly direction.

`Now, father, one thought occupies me continually: will my note ever
reach this Englishwoman? Shall I be able to find, and to save her?' I
listened to this account with feelings of the liveliest interest and

`My dear son,' said I, `you have done wisely in confiding to me alone
your most exciting discovery. Unless we know more, we must not unsettle
the others by speaking of it; for it appears to me quite possible that
these words were penned long ago on some distant shore, where, by this
time, the unhappy stranger may have perished miserably. By the "smoking
rock" must be meant a volcano. There are none here.'

Fritz was not disposed to look at the case from this gloomy point of
view; did not think the rag so very old; believed smoke might rise from
a rock which was not volcanic; and evidently cherished the hope that he
might be able to respond effectually to this touching appeal. I was in
reality as anxious as himself on the subject, but judged it prudent to
abate rather than excite hopes of success which might be doomed to
bitter disappointment.

After earnest consultation on the subject, we decided that Fritz
should go in search of the writer of the message, but not until he had
so altered the canoe as to fit it for carrying two persons, as well as
provisions sufficient to admit of his absence for a considerable time.
Impatient as he was, he could not but see the wisdom of this delay. We
returned to the house, and saw the boys busily opening the oysters,
which they had had no time to do the previous night, and greatly
excited as ever and anon a pearl was found.

`May we not establish a pearl-fishery at once, father?' shouted they.
`We might build a hut on the shore of the bay and set about it

An excursion to Pearl Bay was now the event to which all thoughts
turned, and for which preparations on a grand scale were made. It was
to form, as it were, the basis of the more important voyage Fritz had
in view, and to which, unsuspected by the rest, he could devote all his

I took an opportunity, one day, when all were present, to remark in a
serious tone:

`I have been considering, dear wife, that our eldest son is now of an
age to be dependent on himself. I shall, therefore, henceforth leave
him at liberty to act in all respects according to his own judgement;
and, especially in the matter of voyages or excursions, he must not be
hampered by the fear of alarming us should he choose to remain absent
longer than we expect. I have such entire confidence in his prudence,
and at the same time in his affection for us, that I am certain he will
never needlessly cause us anxiety.'

Fritz looked gratefully towards me as I spoke; and his mother ratified
my words, embracing him affectionately, and saying, with emotion, `God
bless and preserve thee, my boy!'

It took some time to make several raking or scraping machines, which I
invented for the purpose of detaching and lifting the oysters from
their native rocks; but that gave Fritz leisure to change the fittings
of his canoe, so as to have a spare seat in it.

His brothers naturally concluded he meant to take one of them as
shipmate on board, and he allowed the mistake to continue.

They occupied themselves in making various articles they expected to be
of use, and bore the delay with tolerable patience.

At last came the day, when, taking leave of my wife and Franz, we went
on board the yacht, accompanied by some of the dogs; while Jack,
proudly occupying the new seat beside Fritz in the canoe, shared with
him the honour of leading the way in the character of pilots.

We passed safely through the rocks and shoals near Walrus Island into
an expanse of calm water, sheltered by jutting cliffs, where the sea
glanced like a mirror, and for the first time we observed the
fairy-like shells of the paper-nautilus sailing lightly over the
dazzling surface.

It was impossible to see these lovely seafarers without wishing to
obtain specimens; and the canoe accordingly gave chase, presently
securing half a dozen, which were handed to us in the yacht to be
carefully preserved for the museum, and the place was ever after called
Nautilus Creek.

Further on we rounded a short promontory, flat, with an abrupt rock at
the extremity, to which we gave the name of Cape Pug-Nose; and then, at
some distance, appeared the grand cliffs of a headland running far out
to sea.

This I supposed we should have to weather, but my pilots made no
change in our course, and, following the canoe, we soon came in sight
of the majestic archway which offered us a short passage to Pearl Bay.

The wonderfully architectural appearance of the pillars, arches and
pinnacles, surrounding and surmounting this noble entrance, struck me
with admiration, resembling parts of a fine gothic cathedral, and
inducing me to propose for it the name Cape Minster.

A perfect cloud of little swallows darted from the cavernous entrance
on our approach, divided into flocks, soared, wheeled, flew right and
left, and finally returned in a body as swiftly as they came, to the
sides of the long dark tunnel, which were festooned with their nests.

We detached a number of these as we passed, taking care to leave those
containing eggs or young. The best were at a considerable height, but
the broken and shelving rocks afforded, in some places, footing for
such daring and active climbers as Fritz and Jack, and they quickly
obtained as many as we could possibly require.

Our progress was much assisted by the tide, which, like a current, bore
us onward along the nave of this natural cathedral; aisles, transepts,
screens and side-chapels appearing between the columns and arches which
in the `dim religious light' were revealed to our wondering eyes.

On emerging into the dazzling sunshine, we found ourselves floating in
the calm expanse of Pearl Bay; but it was some minutes before we could
look around on the bright and lovely scene.

Fritz had not overrated its beauty, and the romantic islets which
studded its waters seemed to give the effect of a pleasant smile to
features already perfect.

We cruised about for some time, surveying the coast with its fertile
meadows, shady groves, gently swelling hills and murmuring brooks,
seeking a convenient landing-place in the vicinity of the shallows
where lay the oyster-beds.

This we found, close to a sparkling streamlet; and, as the day was fast
declining, we made speedy arrangements for burning a watch-fire; after
which we partook of a hasty supper, and leaving the dogs, with Coco,
the jackal, to sleep on shore, we returned on board the yacht for the
night, anchoring within gunshot of the land.

The coast being quite strange to us, I knew not what wild beasts might
frequent it; but, though I did not fear that any would approach us by
swimming, yet I was glad to have with us our lively little ape, Mercury
(the successor of our old favourite, Knips, long since gathered to his
fathers), for he occupied at night a cosy berth on deck, and was
certain to give vociferous notice should anything alarming occur.

Fritz moored the cajack alongside, and came on board. The night passed
in peace, although for a time we were disturbed by the yelping of
jackals, with whom Coco persisted in keeping up a noisy conversation.

We awoke at daybreak, and after breakfasting a la fourchette*, we
repaired in haste with nets, scrapers and all other requisites, to the
oyster-beds, where we worked with such diligence and success that in
the course of two days we had an immense pile of shells built up like a
stack on the beach, and left to decay. I collected a quantity of
seaweed to spread over them, which was afterwards burnt to make alkali,
when we returned to secure our harvest of pearls.

   * lit. in the manner of a fork; from a French saying that
     translates "the fork of Father Adam." In other words, they
     ate hastily with their fingers.

Every evening we went out shooting in the neighbourhood, and kept
ourselves supplied with game of one sort or another. The last day of
our fishery we started earlier, intending to make a longer excursion
into the woods.

Ernest set off first with Floss; Jack and Coco strolling after them.
Fritz and I were still employed in taking on board the last load of our
tools, when we suddenly heard a shot, a loud cry of pain or fear, and
then another shot.

At the first alarm, the other two dogs rushed away from us towards the
spot, and Fritz, who had just called Pounce from his perch, to
accompany us in the ramble, let him fly, and seizing his rifle darted
off in the same direction.

Before I could reach the scene of action, more shots were heard, and
then a shout of victory; after which appeared through the stems of the
trees the disconsolate figure of Jack, hobbling along like a cripple,
supported on each side by his brothers.

When they came near me they stopped; and poor Jack, moaning and
groaning, began to feel himself all over, as if to search for broken
bones, crying out:

`I'm pounded like a half-crushed pepper-corn!'

On examination I found some severe bruises. `Who or what has been
pummelling the boy?' I exclaimed. `One would think he had been

`It was a huge wild boar,' said Ernest, `with fierce eyes, monstrous
tusks and a snout as broad as my hand.'

We took Jack down to the yacht, bathed his bruises, gave him a cooling
drink, and he soon fell fast asleep in his berth, where I left him and
returned to the shore.

`Now, Ernest,' said I, `enlighten me on the subject of this adventure!
What you and the boar did, is quite a mystery to me.'

`Floss and I were going quietly along,' replied he, `when suddenly
there was a rustling and snorting close by, and a great boar broke
through the bushes, making for the outskirts of the wood. Floss gave
chase directly, and the boar turned to bay. Then up came Jack with
Coco, and the gallant little jackal attacked the monster in the rear.
In another moment, however, he was sent sprawling upon his back, and
this so provoked his master that he fired a hasty ill-directed shot.
The brute's notice and fury at once turned upon Jack, who prudently
took to his heels, while I attempted to check the career of the boar by
a shot, which, however, only slightly wounded it.

`Jack stumbled and fell over the root of a tree, just as the animal
came up with him. "Help! Murder," shouted he; and if the other dogs had
not then arrived, and all together tackled the boar, I fear it would
have been a case of murder indeed! As it was, the poor fellow got
mauled and trampled upon dreadfully.

`As I was waiting for an opportunity to fire without any risk of
hitting Jack, Pounce rushed through the air and darted upon the beast,
and Fritz came quickly up and shot it dead with a pistol.

`While we were helping Jack along, and passing a place where the boar
had been grubbing, I noticed some such curious knotty roots or
tubercles, that I brought away specimens. Are they worth anything, do
you think? They have a strong smell.'

`If I may trust my nose,' said I, `you have brought something by no
means to be despised. Yes,' I continued, putting them to my lips,
`these are very fine truffles! Taste them, Fritz.'

`Indeed they are excellent,' said he, `very different from the tough,
leathery things I remember in Europe: these are tender and

`Because they are fresh,' said I. `You have before tasted those only
which have been brought from a distance.

`They are found in different parts of Europe, buried at a depth of ten
or twelve inches in the soil of oak or beech woods. A small dog is
employed to hunt for them, who perceives their musky odour in a
singularly acute way, and at once scratches at the spot where they

`Have the truffles no leaves or stalks,' inquired Fritz, `by which they
might be found without the help of the dog?'

`They have nothing of the sort,' I replied. `They are discovered
simply by scent, and are considered to belong to the tribe of Fungi.'

By this time it was late: we took supper, made up the watch-fire, and
withdrew to our yacht, where we slept peacefully.

Early next morning we proceeded to visit the field of battle. The wild
boar, which I had not before seen, proved to be much larger and more
formidable in appearance than I had imagined, and Jack's escape seemed
to me perfectly marvellous.

The boys took it as a matter of course that we were to cut out hams and
flitches; and we therefore did so, though I warned them that they need
not expect much pleasure in eating bacon from a tough old African boar
like this. We conveyed the mighty hams to the beach, each on a sledge
of plaited boughs and twigs, and drawn by one of the dogs. The
monstrous head travelled in the same way, and we collected a large
number of truffles before quitting the forest.

As soon as the dogs were released, they rushed back to the scene of
operations in the wood, comprehending that they were now free to feast
on what remained there.

There was so much to be done in consequence of this affair, that
Fritz, who had hoped to set out on his solitary expedition that day,
deferred it until the next; and was, therefore, fortunately with us,
when late in the evening we desisted from our labours, and having
supped, were preparing to retire to rest. All at once a deep fearful
sound echoed through the neighbouring woods. It made our blood curdle
in our veins. We listened with straining ears, hoping it would not be
repeated. With a shudder we heard the dread voice roar again, yet
nearer to us, and an answer peal from the distance.

`We must find out who are the performers in this concert!' exclaimed
Fritz, springing to his feet, and snatching up his rifle. `Make the
fire blaze, get on board the yacht, and have all the guns in readiness.
I am off to reconnoitre in the canoe.'

We mechanically obeyed his rapid orders, while the bold youth
disappeared in the darkness; and, after heaping fuel on the fire, we
went on board and armed ourselves with cutlasses, besides loading all
the guns, waiting in readiness either to land again, or to quit the

We presently saw the whole pack of our dogs, as well as Coco, the
jackal, and the little ape, Mercury (who had been tempted by the
truffles to stay with them in the woods), come galloping at full speed
up to the fire.

Mercury was evidently excessively discomposed at finding us gone; he
gnashed his teeth, and chattered, as though in fear, looking
hopelessly at the water, through which he could not venture.

The dogs planted themselves by the fire, gazing fixedly landward, with
ears erect, and occasionally uttering a barking challenge, or a
suppressed howl.

Meantime, the horrid roarings approached nearer, and I concluded that a
couple of leopards or panthers had been attracted by the scent of the
boar's carcase.

But not long after I had expressed this opinion, we beheld a large
powerful animal spring from the underwood and, with a bound and
muttered roar, approach the fire. In a moment I recognized the
unmistakable outlines of the form of a lion, though in size he far
surpassed any I had ever seen exhibited in Europe.

The dogs slunk behind the fire, and the lion seated himself almost like
a cat on his hind legs, glaring alternately at them, and at the great
boar hams which hung near, with doubtless a mixed feeling of irritation
and appetite, which was testified by the restless movement of his tail.

He then arose, and commenced walking up and down with slow and
measured pace, occasionally uttering short, angry roars, quite unlike
the prolonged full tones we had heard at first. At times he went to
drink at the brook, always returning with such haste, that I fully
expected to see him spring.

Gradually his manner became more and more threatening; he turned
towards us, crouched, and with his body at full stretch, waved his
tail, and glared so furiously, that I was in doubt whether to fire or
retreat, when through the darkness rang the sharp crack of a rifle.

`That is Fritz!' exclaimed everyone; while, with a fearful roar, the
lion sprang to his feet, stood stock still, tottered, sank on his
knees, rolled over, and lay motionless on the sand.

`We are saved!' I cried. `That was a masterly shot. The lion is struck
to the heart: he will never stir again. Stay on board, boys. I must
join my brave Fritz.'

In a few moments I landed: the dogs met me with evident tokens of
pleasure, but kept whining uneasily, and looking towards the deep
darkness of the woods whence the lion had come.

This behaviour made me cautious; and, seeing nothing of Fritz, I
lingered by the boat, when suddenly a lioness bounded from the shadow
of the trees, into the light diffused by the fire.

At sight of the blazing faggots she paused, as though startled; passed
with uncertain step round the outskirts of the illuminated circle; and
uttered roarings, which were evidently calls to her mate, whose dead
body she presently discovered.

Finding him motionless, her manner betokened the greatest concern; she
touched him with her forepaws, smelt round him, and licked his bleeding
wounds. Then raising her head, she gnashed her teeth, and gave forth
the most lamentable and dreadful sound I ever heard; a mingled roar and
howl, which was like the expression of grief, rage, and a vow to be
revenged, all in one.

Crack! Another shot: the creature's right forepaw was lamed; and the
dogs, seeing me raise my gun, suddenly gathered courage, and ran
forward just as I fired. My shot also wounded the lioness, but not
mortally, and the most terrific combat ensued.

It was impossible to fire again, for fear of wounding the dogs. The
scene was fearful beyond description. Black night surrounded us; the
fitful blaze of the fire shed a strange, unnatural light on the
prostrate body of the huge dead lion, and on the wounded lioness, who
fought desperately against the attack of the four gallant dogs; while
the cries, roars and groans of anguish and fury uttered by all the
animals were enough to try the stoutest nerves.

Old Juno, staunch to the last, was foremost in the fray. After a time,
I saw her change her plan of attack, and spring at the throat of the
lioness; who, in an instant, raised her left paw, and at one blow the
cruel claws had laid open the body of the dog, and destroyed the life
of the true and faithful companion of so many years.

Just then, Fritz appeared. The lioness was much weakened, and we
ventured to go near enough to fire with safety to ourselves; and
finally I dispatched her by plunging a hunting-knife deep in her

Ernest and Jack were summoned from the yacht to witness the completed
victory; and I regretted having left them on board, when I saw how
greatly the noise and tumult had alarmed them, unable as they were to
ascertain what was going on.

They hastened towards us in great agitation, and their joy on seeing us
safe was only equalled by the grief they felt on learning of the death
of Juno.

The night was now far advanced; the fire burnt low; but we piled on
more wood, and, by the renewed light, drew poor Juno from between the
paws of the lioness; and, by the brookside, washed and bound up the
torn body, wrapping it carefully in canvas, and carrying it with us on
board the yacht, that it might be buried at Rockburg, whither, on the
following day, it was our purpose to return.

Wearied and sorrowful, but full of thankfulness for our personal
safety, we at length lay down to sleep, having brought all the dogs on

Next morning, before quitting Pearl Bay, we once more landed, that we
might possess ourselves of the magnificent skins of the lion and
lioness, whose visit, fatal to themselves, had caused such a commotion
during the night.

In about a couple of hours we returned to the yacht, leaving the
flayed carcasses to the tender mercies of the birds of prey sure to be
attracted to them.

`Homeward bound,' sang out the boys, as they cheerily weighed anchor,
and prepared to stand out to sea. I could see, though he did not
complain, that poor Jack had not yet recovered from the boar's rough
treatment, and moved very stiffly.

`You must pilot us through the channel in the reef, this time, Fritz,'
said I; adding, in a lower tone, `and then is it to be "farewell", my

`Yes, dear father--Au revoir!' returned he, brightly with a glance full
of meaning, while he threw into his canoe a cushion and fur cloak.

`Thanks, Fritz! But I'm going to honour them with the care of my
battered bones in the yacht here. You are awfully considerate though,
old fellow,' remarked Jack, not for a moment doubting that his brother
expected him to return, as he came, beside him in the cajack.

Fritz laughed, and commended his decision. Then, springing into his
skiff, he led the way towards the open sea.

We followed carefully and soon passed the reef; after which the boys
were very busy with the sails, putting the vessel on the homeward
course, when, waving his hand to me, Fritz turned in the opposite
direction, and quickly vanished behind the point, which I afterwards
named Cape Farewell.

When missed by his brothers, I said he had a fancy to explore more of
the coast, and if he found it interesting, he might, instead of only a
few hours, remain absent for two or three days.

Towards evening, we sailed into Safety Bay.

Chapter 17

My wife and Franz, though somewhat startled by the unexpected absence
of Fritz, were delighted to see us return safely, and listened with
eager interest to our adventures. My wife shuddered, and scarcely
suppressed an involuntary scream as she heard of our desperate
encounter with the lion and his mate. Jack's danger and providential
escape, too, made her tremble; and so pale did he still look, that she
could scarcely believe he was uninjured.

Tears came into Franz's eyes when he heard of the sad death of poor old
Juno; and he inquired most tenderly whether her remains had been
brought back, that they might be interred near the house which had been
her home for so many years.

Next day he saw her buried carefully; and Ernest, at his request,
produced an epitaph, which was inscribed upon a slab of stone above her


    'A servant true lies here:

    'A faithful friend,

    'A Dog,

    'To all most dear;

    'Who met her end

    'Fighting right bravely in her master's cause.

The flesh of the wild boar and the truffles were handed over to my
wife, who received them with delight, promising us therefrom many a
savoury dish. She would fain have had the boar's head too; but my word
was pledged to Ernest that it should adorn his museum, and, though my
lips watered to taste it baked in Hottentot fashion, I would not break
my promise. This splendid head, therefore, together with the lions'
skins, we carried to the tannery on Whale Island, where they were
cleaned and dressed.

Five days passed, but Fritz still remained absent. I could not conceal
my anxiety, and at length determined to follow him. All were delighted
at the proposal, and even my wife, when she heard that we were to sail
in the pinnace, agreed to accompany us.

The boat was stored, and on a bright morning, with a favourable
breeze, we five, with the dogs, stepped aboard, and ran for Cape

Our beautiful little yacht bounded over the water gaily, and the
bright sunshine and delicious sea-breeze put us all in the highest
spirits. The entrance of the archway was in sight, and thither I was
directing the boat's course.

Suddenly, right ahead, I saw a dark and shadowy mass just below the
surface of the water. `A sunken rock,' I thought to myself, `and yet it
is strange that I never before noticed it.'

I put down the helm in a moment, but a catastrophe seemed inevitable.
We surged ahead! A slight shock, and all was over! The danger was

I glanced astern, to look again at the dangerous spot; but the rock was
gone, and, where but a moment before I had distinctly seen its great
green shadow, I could now see nothing.

Before we had recovered from our amazement, a shout from Jack
surprised me.

`There is another,' he exclaimed, `to starboard, father!' Sure enough,
there lay, apparently, another sunken rock.

`The rock is moving!' shouted Franz; and a great black body emerged
from the sea, while from the upper extremity rushed a column of water,
which, with a mighty noise, rose upwards, and then fell like rain all
around. The mystery was explained; for, as the great beast emerged yet
further from the water, I recognized, from its enormous size and great
length of head, the cachalot whale.

The monster was apparently enraged at the way we had scratched his
back; for, retreating to a short distance, he evidently meditated a
rush upon us.

Fearful stories occurred to me of the savage temper of this whale, how
he has been known to destroy boat after boat, and even to sink great
ships, and with a feeling of desperation I sprang to one of the guns.
Jack leaped to the other, and almost simultaneously we fired. Both
shots apparently took effect; for the whale, after lashing the water
violently for a few seconds, plunged beneath its surface, and

We kept a sharp look-out for him, for I was unwilling to lose such a
valuable prize and, reloading, stood towards the shore, in which
direction he was apparently making. Presently we again sighted him in
shallow water, lashing fearfully with his tail, and dyeing the waves
around him with blood. Approaching the infuriated animal as nearly as I
dared, we again fired.

The struggles of the whale seemed for a few moments to become even yet
more frantic, and then, with a quiver from head to tail, he lay

The boys were about to raise a cry of victory, but checked the shout
upon their very lips; for darting behind a rock they espied a canoe
paddled by a tall and muscular savage, who now stood up in his skiff
and appeared to be examining us attentively. Seeing that we were
standing towards him, the swarthy native seized his paddle and again
darted behind a rock. An awful thought now took possession of me. There
must be a tribe of blacks lurking on these shores, and Fritz must have
fallen into their hands.

We, however, I determined, should not be easily taken; and our guns
were loaded and run out.

Presently a dusky face appeared, peeping at us from a lofty rock: it
vanished, and we saw another peeping at us from lower down.

Then again the skiff put out as though to make a further reconnoitre.
All, even Jack, looked anxious, and glanced at me for orders.

`Hoist a white flag,' said I, `and hand me the speaking-trumpet.' I
seized the instrument and uttered such peaceable words in the Malay
language as I could recall: neither the flag nor my words seemed to
produce any effect, and the savage was about to return to the shore.

Jack hereupon lost patience, and in his turn took up the trumpet.

`Come here, you black son of a gun,' he exclaimed. `Come on board and
make friends, or we'll blow you and your--'

`Stop! Stop! You foolish boy,' I said. `You will but alarm the man,
with your wild words and gestures.'

`No! But see,' he cried, `he is paddling towards us!'

And sure enough the canoe was rapidly approaching.

Presently a cry from Franz alarmed me. `Look! Look!' he shrieked. `The
villain is in Fritz's cajack. I can see the walrus' head.'

Ernest alone remained unmoved. He took the speaking-trumpet: `Fritz,
ahoy!' he shouted. `Welcome, old fellow!'

The words were scarcely out of his mouth when I, too, recognized the
well-known face, beneath its dusky disguise.

In another minute the brave boy was on board, and in spite of his
blackened face was kissed and welcomed heartily. He was now assailed
with a storm of questions from all sides: Where had he been? What had
kept him so long, and why had he turned blackamoor?

`The last question,' replied he, with a smile, `is the only one I will
now answer; the others shall be explained when I give a full account of
my adventures. Hearing guns fired, my mind was instantly filled with
ideas of Malay pirates, for I never dreamed that you could be here in
the yacht, so I disguised myself as you now see me, and came forth to
reconnoitre. When you addressed me in Malay you only added to my
terror, for it left not a doubt in my mind that you were pirates.'

Having in our turn described to him our adventure with the cachalot
whale, I asked him if he knew of a suitable spot for the anchorage of
the yacht.

`Certainly,' he replied, casting towards me a glance full of meaning.
`I can lead you to an island where there is splendid anchorage, and
which is itself well worth seeing, for it contains all sorts of strange
things.' And after removing the stains from his skin, he again sprang
into his canoe and piloted us to a picturesque little island in the

Now that there could be no doubt as to the success of Fritz's
expedition, I no longer hesitated to give to my wife an account of his
project, and to prepare her mind for the surprise which awaited her.
She was greatly startled, as I expected, and seemed almost overcome
with emotion at the idea of seeing a human being, and that being one of
her own sex.

`But why,' she asked, `did you not tell me of this at first? Why wait
until the last moment with such joyful news?'

`I was unwilling,' I replied, `to raise hopes which might never be
realized; but now, thank Heaven, he has succeeded, and there is no need
for concealment.'

The boys could not at all understand the evident air of mystery and
suppressed excitement which neither their mother, Fritz, nor I could
entirely conceal. They cast glances of the greatest curiosity towards
the island, and as soon as the sails were furled and the anchor
dropped, they sprang eagerly ashore. In a body we followed Fritz,
maintaining perfect silence.

Presently we emerged from the thicket through which we were passing,
and saw before us a hut of sheltering boughs, at the entrance of which
burned a cheerful fire.

Into this leafy bower Fritz dived, leaving his brothers without, mute
with astonishment. In another moment he emerged, leading by the hand a
slight, handsome youth, by his dress apparently a young English naval
officer. The pair advanced to meet us; and Fritz, with a countenance
radiant with joy, briefly introduced his companion as Edward Montrose.

`And,' he continued, looking at his mother and me, `will you not
welcome him as a friend and a brother to our family circle?'

`That will we, indeed!' I exclaimed, advancing and holding out my
hands to the fair young stranger. `Our wild life may have roughened our
looks and manners, but it has not hardened our hearts, I trust.'

The mother, too, embraced the seeming youth most heartily. The lads,
and even the dogs, were not behind-hand in testifying their
gratification at the appearance of their new friend--the former
delighted at the idea of a fresh companion, and the latter won by her
sweet voice and appearance.

From the expressions made use of by Fritz I perceived that the girl
wished her sex to remain unrevealed to the rest of the party until my
wife could obtain for her a costume more suited to her real character.

The young men then ran down to the yacht to bring up what was
necessary for supper, as well as to make preparations for a camp in
which we might spend the night. This done, my wife hastened to set
before us a substantial meal, while the boys, anxious to make their new
acquaintance feel at home amongst them, were doing their best to amuse
her. She herself, after the first feeling of strangeness had worn off,
entered fully into all their fun; and by the time they sat down to
supper was laughing and chatting as gaily as any one of the rest. She
admired the various dishes, tasted our mead and, without alluding once
to her previous life, kept up a lively conversation.

The mere fact of meeting with any human being after so many years of
isolation was in itself sufficient to raise the boys to the greatest
state of excitement; but that this being should be one so handsome; so
gay, so perfectly charming, seemed completely to have fumed their
heads; and when I gave the sign for the breaking-up of the feast, and
their new friend was about to be led to the night-quarters which had
been prepared for her on board the yacht, the health of Edward Montrose
was proposed, and drunk in fragrant mead, amidst the cheers and
acclamations of all hands.

When she was gone, and silence had been restored, Jack exclaimed:

`Now, then, Fritz, if you please, just tell me where you came across
this jolly fellow. Did you take your mysterious voyage in search of
him, or did you meet him by chance? Out with your adventures, while we
sit comfortably round the fire.'

So saying, Jack cast more wood upon the blazing pile, and throwing
himself down in his usual careless fashion, prepared to listen

Fritz, after a few moments' hesitation, began: `Perhaps you remember,'
said he, `how, when I returned from my expedition in the cajack the
other day, I struck down an albatross. None but my father at the time
knew, however, what became of the wounded bird, or even thought more
about it. Yet it was that albatross who brought me notice of the
shipwrecked stranger; and he, too, I determined should carry back a
message, to cheer and encourage the sender.

`I first, as you know, prepared my cajack to carry two persons; and
then, with a heart full of hope and trust, left you and the yacht, and,
with Pounce seated before me, made for the open sea. For several hours
I paddled steadily on, till, the wind freshening, I thought it
advisable to keep in nearer shore; that, should a regular storm arise,
I might find some sheltered bay in which to weather it.

`It was well I did so; for, scarcely had I reached a quiet cove which
promised to afford me the protection I desired, than the sea appeared
one mass of foam: great surging waves arose; and even in the
comparative calm of the bay I felt that I was in some danger.

`I passed the night in my cajack; and next morning, after a frugal meal
of pemmican, and a draught of water from my flask, once more ventured
forth. The wind had subsided, the sea was tolerably smooth; and,
keeping my eyes busily employed in seeking in every direction to
detect, if possible, the slightest trace of smoke, or other sign of
human life, I paddled on till noon.

`The aspect of the coast now began to change: the shores were sandy,
while further inland lay dense forests, from whose gloomy depths I
could ever and anon hear the fierce roar of beasts of prey, the yell of
apes, the fiendish laugh of the hyaena, or the despairing death cry of
a hapless deer. Seldom have I experienced a greater feeling of solitude
than whilst listening to these strange sounds, and knowing that I in
this frail canoe was the only human being near. Giving myself up to
contemplation, I rested my paddle, and allowed my cajack to drift
slowly on.

`As I neared the shore, I noticed a large number of strange-looking
birds, who would sometimes flutter round me, and then dart back again
to the border of the forest, where they were feeding on what appeared
to be the pepper-plant; they seized the berries in their great
ponderous beaks, threw them up into the air and then dexterously caught
them in their fall. Their beaks were really something extraordinary:
they looked as though they must give their owners a perpetual headache,
from their immense weight. The only thing that relieved the extreme
ugliness of these great appendages was their gorgeous colour, which was
only rivalled by the gay hue of the plumage.

`I wish now that I had brought home a specimen; but, at the time, I was
so much amused by watching the grotesque antics of the birds, that I
did not think of obtaining one. When I left the spot, I settled in my
own mind that they were toucans: was I right, Ernest?'

The `Professor', unwilling to interrupt the narrative, merely gave an
oracular nod, and Fritz continued:

`For some hours after this I paddled quickly on, sometimes passing the
mouth of a stream, sometimes that of a broad river. Had I been merely
on an exploring expedition, I should have been tempted, doubtless, to
cruise a little way up one of these pathways into the forest; but now
such an idea did not enter my head. On, on, on, I felt I must go, until
I should reach the goal of my voyage.

`The shades of night at length drew on and, finding a sheltered cove, I
moored my cajack, and stepped on shore. You may imagine how pleasant it
was to stretch my legs, after sitting for so long in the cramped
position which my cajack enforces.

It would not do, however, to sleep on shore; so after preparing and
enjoying my supper, I returned on board, and there spent the night.

`Next morning Pounce and I again landed for breakfast. I lit my fire,
and hung before it a plump young parrot to roast. As I was so doing, I
heard a slight rustle amongst the long grass behind me. I glanced
round, and there, with glaring eyes, and his great tail swaying to and
fro, I saw an immense tiger.

`In another moment his spring would have been made. I should have been
no more, and our young guest would have been doomed to, God only knows
how many, more years of frightful solitude!

`My gun was lying by my side. Before I could have stooped to pick it
up, the monster would have seized me.

`Pounce saw and comprehended my danger: the heroic bird darted upon my
enemy, and so blinded him with his flapping wings, and the fierce blows
of his beak, that his spring was checked, and I had time to recover my
self-possession. I seized my gun and fired; and the brute, pierced to
the heart, gave one spring, and then rolled over at my feet.

`My enemy was dead; but beside him--alas!--lay poor Pounce, crushed and
lifeless. One blow of the great beast's paw had struck him down, never
to rise again!' Fritz's voice shook as he came to this point; and,
after remaining silent for a moment or two, he continued, hurriedly:

`With a sad and desolate feeling at my heart, I buried the faithful
bird where he had met his death; and then, unable longer to continue
near the spot, I returned to my cajack, and leaving the great tiger
lying where he fell, paddled hastily away.

`My thoughts were gloomy. I felt as though, now that my companion was
gone, I could no longer continue the voyage. The albatross, I thought,
may have flown for hundreds of miles before it reached me. This
stranger may be on different shores from these entirely; every stroke
of my paddle may be carrying me further from the blazing signal: who

`This feeling of discouragement was not, however, to be of long
duration; for in a moment more a sight presented itself, which
banished all my doubts and fears, and raised me to the highest pitch of

`A high point of land lay before me. I rounded it, and beyond found a
calm and pleasant bay, from whose curved and thickly wooded shores ran
out a reef of rocks. From the point of this reef rose a column of
smoke, steadily and clearly curling upwards in the calm air. I could
scarcely believe my senses, but stopped gazing at it, as though I were
in a dream; then, with throbbing pulse and giddy brain, I seized my
paddle, and strained every nerve to reach it.

`A few strokes seemed to carry me across the bay, and, securing my
canoe, I leaped upon the rock, on which the beacon was blazing, but not
a sign of a human being could I see. I was about to shout, for as the
fire had evidently been recently piled up, I knew the stranger could
not be far off; but, before I could do so, I saw a slight figure
passing along the chain of rocks towards the spot on which I stood. You
may all imagine my sensations.

`I advanced a few paces; and then mastering my emotion as best I
could, I said, in English:

"Welcome, fair stranger! God, in His mercy, has heard your call, and
has sent me to your aid!"

`Miss Montrose came quickly forward--'

`Who? What?' shouted the boys, interrupting the narrative. `Who came
forward?' and amid a general hubbub, Ernest, rising and advancing to
his brother, said in his quiet way:

`I did not like to make any remark till you actually let out the
secret, Fritz, but we need no longer pretend not to see through the
disguise of Edward Montrose.'

Fritz, though much disconcerted by the discovery of the secret,
recovered his self-possession; and, after bearing with perfect
equanimity the jokes with which his brothers assailed him, joined in
three cheers for their new sister, and when the confusion and laughter
which ensued had subsided, continued his story.

`Miss Montrose grasped my hands warmly, and guessing from my
pronunciation, I am afraid, that I was not in the habit of speaking
English every day of my life, said in French:

`"Long, long, have I waited since the bird returned with your message.
Thank God, you have come at last!"

`Then, with tears of joy and gratitude, she led me to the shore, where
she had built a hut and a safe sleeping-place, like Falconhurst on a
small scale, among the branches of a tree. I was delighted with all she
showed me, for indeed her hut and its fittings evinced no ordinary
skill and ingenuity. Round the walls hung bows, arrows, lances and
bird-snares; while on her work-table, in boxes and cases, carved
skilfully with a knife, were fish-hooks of mother-of-pearl, needles
made from fishbones, and bodkins from the beaks of birds, fishing-lines
of all sorts, and knives and other tools.

These latter she told me were, with a chest of wearing apparel, almost
the only things washed ashore after the wreck, when three years ago she
was cast alone upon this desolate coast. I marvelled more and more at
the wonderful way in which this girl had surmounted obstacles, the
quarter of which would completely have appalled the generality of her

The hut itself was a marvel of skill; stout posts had been driven into
the ground, with cross pieces of bamboo, to form a framework; the walls
had then been woven with reeds, the roof thatched with palm-leaves, and
the whole plastered smoothly with clay, an open space being left in the
centre of the roof for a chimney to carry off the smoke of the fire.

`As we entered, a cormorant, with a cry of anger, flew from under the
table towards me, and was about to attack me fiercely. Miss Montrose
called it off, and she then told me she had captured and tamed the bird
soon after first landing, and since that time had contrived to train it
to assist her in every conceivable way: it now not only was a pleasant
companion, but brought her food of every description, fish, flesh and
fowl, for whether it dived into the waters, according to its natural
habit, struck down birds upon the wing, or seized rabbits and other
small animals upon the land, it laid all its booty at her feet.

`Before darkness closed in, all the curiosities and ingenious
contrivances of the place had been displayed the kitchen-stove,
cooking utensils, skin bottles, shell plates and spoons, the fishing
raft, and numberless other things--and then, sitting down with my fair
hostess to a most appetizing meal, she gave me a short account of her

`Jenny* Montrose was the daughter of a British officer who had served
for many years in India, where she herself was born. At the early age
of three years she lost her mother.

   * Some translations give her name as Emily.

`After the death of his wife, all the Colonel's love and care was
centred upon his only child; under his eye she was instructed in all
the accomplishments suited to her sex; and from him she imbibed an
ardent love of field sports. By the time she was seventeen she was as
much at home upon her horse in the field as in her father's

`Colonel Montrose now received orders to return home with his regiment
and as, for certain reasons, he did not wish her to accompany him in
the ship with the troops, he obtained a passage for her on board a
vessel which was about to sail at the same time.

`The separation was extremely painful to both the old soldier and his
daughter, but there was no alternative. They parted, and Miss Montrose
sailed in the Dorcas for England. A week after she had left Calcutta, a
storm arose and drove the vessel far out of her course; more bad
weather ensued; and at length, leaks having been sprung in all
directions, the crew were obliged to take to the boats.

Jenny obtained a place in one of the largest of these. After enduring
the perils of the sea for many days, land was sighted; and, the other
boats having disappeared, an attempt was made to land. The boat was
capsized, and Miss Montrose alone reached the shore. For a long time
she lay upon the sand almost inanimate; but, reviving sufficiently to
move, she at length obtained some shellfish, and by degrees recovered
her strength.

From that time forth until I appeared she never set eyes upon a human
being. To attract any passing vessel, and obtain assistance, however,
she kept a beacon continually blazing at the end of the reef; and, with
the same purpose in view, attached missives to the feet of any birds
she could take alive in her snares. The albatross, she told me, she had
kept for some time and partially tamed; but, as it was in the habit of
making long excursions on its own account, she conceived the idea of
sending it also with a message, that, should it by chance be seen and
taken alive, it might return with an answer.

`Our supper was over; and, at length, both wearied out with the
anxieties and excitement of the day, we retired to rest, she to her
leafy bower, and I to sleep in the hut below.

`Next morning, having packed her belongings in the cajack, we both went
on board; and bidding adieu to her well-known bay she took her seat
before me, and I made for home.

`We should have reached Rockburg this evening had not an accident
occurred to our skiff and compelled us to put in at this island. The
boat was scarcely repaired when I heard your first shots. I instantly
disguised myself; and, never doubting that Malay pirates were near,
came forth to reconnoitre. Glad, indeed, I was to find my fears

All had listened attentively to Fritz's story, but now a dreadful yawn
from Franz, followed by others from Jack, Ernest and Fritz, and a great
desire on my own part to follow their example, warned me that it was
time to dismiss the party for the night. Fritz retired to his cajack,
the boys and I to the deck of the yacht, and the remainder of the night
passed quietly away.

Next morning as we assembled for breakfast I took the opportunity of
begging Miss Montrose no longer to attempt to continue her disguise,
but to allow us to address her in her real character.

Jenny smiled; for she had noticed, as the young men met her when she
came from the cabin, a great alteration in their manner, and had at
once seen that her secret was guessed.

`After all,' she said, `I need not be ashamed of this attire; it has
been my only costume for the last three years, and in any other I
should have been unable to manage all the work which during that time
has been necessary.'

Our pleasant meal over, I prepared to start for home, but Fritz
reminded me of the cachalot, and although he confessed he should not
care to repeat the operation of cutting up a whale, he thought it would
be a pity to lose such a chance of obtaining a supply of spermaceti.

I fully agreed with him; and embarking, we quickly reached the
sandbank on which the monster lay. No sooner did we come near than the
dogs leaped ashore, and before we could follow, rushed round to the
other side of the great beast; snarling, growling and howling ensued,
and when we reached the spot we found a terrific combat going on. A
troop of wolves were disputing fiercely with the dogs their right to
the prey.

Our appearance, however, quickly settled the matter; two of the brutes
already lay dead, and those that now escaped our guns, galloped off.
Amongst the pack were a few jackals, and no sooner did Coco catch sight
of these, his relations, than, suddenly attracted by his instinct, he
left his master's side, and in spite of our shouts and cries, joined
them and disappeared into the forest.

As it would have been useless and dangerous to attempt to follow the
deserter into the woods, we left him alone, trusting that he would
return before we again embarked. Fritz then climbed up the mountain of
flesh, and with his hatchet quickly laid open the huge skull; Jack and
Franz joined him--Ernest having remained on the island, where we had
left my wife and Jenny--and with buckets assisted him to bail out the

The few vessels we possessed were soon full, and having stored them in
the yacht, we once more embarked and arrived at the little island
shortly before the dinner-hour.

A capital meal had been prepared for us and, when we had made
ourselves presentable, we sat down to it, and related our adventures.
The account of Coco's desertion was received with exclamations of
surprise and sorrow. `Yet,' said Jenny, after a time, `I do not think
you should despair of his recovery, for animals in their native state
seldom care to allow those that have been once domesticated to consort
with them.

`My poor albatross even, though he was never thoroughly tamed, and
certainly did finally desert me, yet used to return at intervals; and I
am pretty sure that were you, Jack, to search the wood early tomorrow
morning, you would find your pet only too willing to come back to
civilized life; or, if you like, I will go myself and find him, for I
should immensely like to have a paddle in the cajack all by myself.'

Jack was delighted at the former suggestion, and though he would not
listen for a moment to Jenny's request to be allowed to go alone, he
agreed, if she cared for the fun of an early cruise, to accompany her
in the canoe next morning, and to return to the yacht in time to start
for Rockburg.

At sunrise they were off, armed with `bait' in the shape of meat and
biscuit, and a muzzle and chain which Jack had manufactured in the
evening to punish the runagate for his offences, should they catch him.
Arrived at the sandbank, they landed; and, after entering the forest
and shouting `Coco, Coco!' till the woods rang again, they presently
espied the truant, slouching disconsolately towards them, looking very
miserable and heartily ashamed of himself.

With torn ears, and coat ruffled and dirty, he sneaked up. There was no
need to use the bait to entice him; and when the poor beast thus came,
unhappy and begging forgiveness, Jack had not the heart to degrade him
further with the muzzle and chain. He had evidently attempted to join
his wild brethren, and by them had been scouted, worried, and hustled,
as no true jackal; and, as Jenny had foretold, was now only too glad to
return to bondage and to comfort.

Poor Coco had recovered his spirits slightly by the time the yacht was
reached; and, after a hearty meal, again took his place amongst the
dogs, whom I had little doubt he would never again desert.

All was now bustle and activity; and breakfast over, we went aboard the
yacht. Fritz and Jack stepped into the canoe; and we soon left Fair
Isle and Pearl Bay far behind.

The morning was delightful. The sea, excepting for the slight ripple
raised by the gentle breeze wafting us homewards, was perfectly calm.
Slowly and contentedly we glided on through the wonders of the splendid
archway, threaded our passage amongst the rocks and shoals, and passed
out to the open sea. So slowly did we make our way, that the occupants
of the cajack announced that they could not wait for us when they had
once piloted us out from amongst the shoals and reefs, and plied their
paddles to such good purpose that they were soon out of sight.

Nautilus Bay and Cape Pug-Nose were in due time passed, however, and
Shark Island hove in sight. With great astonishment Jenny gazed at our
watch-tower, with its guard-house, the fierce-looking guns, and the
waving flag upon the heights. We landed, that she might visit the
fortification; then we displayed all our arrangements with great pride.
When they and the herd of lovely gazelles had been sufficiently
admired, we again embarked, and steered towards Safety Bay. On
reaching the entrance, a grand salute of twelve shots welcomed us
and our fair guest to Rockburg. Not pleased with the even number,
however, Ernest insisted upon replying with thirteen guns, an odd
number being, he declared, absolutely necessary for form's sake.

As we neared the quay, Fritz and Jack stood ready to receive us, and
with true politeness handed their mother and Jenny ashore.

They turned and led the way to the house through the gardens, orchards
and shrubberies which lay on the rising ground that sloped gently
upwards to our dwelling.

Jenny's surprise was changed to wonder as she neared the villa
itself--its broad, shady balcony, its fountains sparkling in the sun,
the dove-cots, the pigeons wheeling above, and the bright, fresh
creepers twined round the columns, delighted her. She could scarcely
believe that she was still far from any civilized nation, and that she
was amongst a family wrecked like herself upon a lonely coast.

My amazement, however, fully equalled that of my little daughter when
beneath the shade of the verandah I saw a table laid out with a
delicious luncheon. All our china, silver and glass had been called
into requisition, and was arranged upon the spotless damask cloth.

Wine sparkled in the decanters, splendid pineapples, oranges, guavas,
apples and pears, resting on cool green leaves, lay heaped in pyramids
upon the porcelain dishes. A haunch of venison, cold fowl, ham, and
tongues occupied the ends and sides of the table, while in the centre
rose a vase of gay flowers, surrounded by bowls of milk and great jugs
of mead. It was, indeed, a perfect feast, and the heartiness of the
welcome brought tears of joy into the lovely eyes of the fair girl in
whose honour it had been devised.

All were soon ready to sit down; and Jenny, looking prettier than ever
in the dress for which she had exchanged her sailor's suit, took the
place of honour between my wife and me. Ernest and Franz also seated
themselves; but nothing would induce Fritz and Jack to follow their
example. They considered themselves our entertainers, and waited upon
us most attentively, carving the joints, filling our glasses, and
changing the plates; for, as Jack declared to Miss Montrose, the
servants had all run away in our absence, and for the next day or two,
perhaps, we should be obliged to wait upon ourselves.

When the banquet was over, and the waiters had satisfied their
appetites, they joined their brothers, and with them displayed all the
wonders of Rockburg to their new sister. To the house, cave, stables,
gardens, fields and boat-houses, to one after the other did they lead

Not a corner would they have left unnoticed, had not my wife, fearing
they would tire the poor girl out, come to the rescue, and led her back
to the house.

On the following day, after an early breakfast, we started, while it
was yet cool, for Falconhurst; and as I knew that repairs and
arrangements for the coming winter would be necessary and would detain
us for several days, we took with us a supply of tools, as well as
baskets of provisions and other things essential to our comfort.

The whole of our stud, excepting the ostrich, were in their paddocks,
near the tree; but Jack, saying that his mother and Jenny really must
not walk the whole way, to the great amusement of the latter, leaped on
Hurry, and fled away in front of us. Before we had accomplished one
quarter of the distance, we heard the thundering tread of many feet
galloping down the avenue, and presently espied our motley troop of
steeds being driven furiously towards us.

Storm, Lightfoot, Swift, Grumble, Stentor, Arrow and Dart were there,
with Jack, on his fleet two-legged courser, at their heels. At his
saddle-bow hung a cluster of saddles and bridles, the bits all jangling
and clanking, adding to the din and confusion, and urging on the
excited animals, who thoroughly entered into the fun, and with tails in
the air, ears back, and heels ever and anon thrown playfully out,
seemed about to overwhelm us.

We stepped aside to shelter ourselves behind the trees from the
furious onset; but a shout from Fritz brought the whole herd to a
sudden halt, and Jack spurred towards us.

`Which of the cattle shall we saddle for you, Jenny?' he shouted.
`They're all as gentle as lambs, and as active as cats. Every one has
been ridden by mother; and knows what a side-saddle means, so you can't
go wrong.'

To his great delight, Jenny quickly showed her appreciation of the
merits of the steeds by picking out Dart, the fleetest and most
spirited in the whole stud.

The ostrich was then relieved of his unusual burden, the animals were
speedily equipped, and Lightfoot bearing the baskets and hampers, the
whole party mounted and trotted forwards. Jenny was delighted with her
palfrey, and henceforward he was reserved for her special use.

The work at Falconhurst, as I had expected, occupied us for some time
and it was a week before we could again return to Rockburg.

Yet the time passed pleasantly; for though the young men were busy from
morning to night, the presence of their new companion, her lively
spirits and gay conversation, kept them in constant good humour.

When the repairs were all finished we remained yet a day or two
longer, that we might make excursions in various directions to bring in
poultry from Woodlands, stores of acorns for the pigs, and grass,
willows and canes, to be manufactured during the winter into mats,
baskets, hurdles and hen-coops.

Many a shower wetted us through during these days, and we had scarcely
time to hurry back to Rockburg and house our cattle and possessions
before the annual deluge began.

Never before had this dreary season seemed so short and pleasant; with
Jenny amongst us the usual feeling of weariness and discontent never
appeared; the English language was quickly acquired by all hands,
Fritz, in particular, speaking it so well that Jenny declared she could
scarcely believe he was not an Englishman. She herself already spoke
French, and therefore easily learned our native language and spoke it
fluently before we were released from our captivity.

Chapter 18

Many wondrous tales were told or read in turn by the boys and Jenny
during the long evenings as we sat drawing, weaving and plaiting in our
rosy study. In fact this winter was a truly happy time, and when at
length the rain ceased and the bright sun again smiled upon the face of
nature, we could scarcely believe, as we stepped forth and once more
felt the balmy breath of spring, that, for so many weeks, we had been
prisoners within our rocky walls.

All was once more activity and life; the duties in field, garden and
orchard called forth the energy of the lads, whilst their mother and
sister found abundant occupation in the poultry-yard and house.

Our various settlements and stations required attention. Falconhurst,
Woodlands, Prospect Hill, Shark and Whale Islands were in turn visited
and set in order. The duty of attending to the island battery fell to
Jack and Franz.

They had been busy all day repairing the flagstaff, rehoisting the
flag, and cleaning and putting into working order the two guns. Evening
was drawing on and our day's work over; the rest of us were strolling
up and down upon the beach enjoying the cool sea breeze. We watched the
lads as they completed their work. They loaded and ran out their guns
and, paddling off with an empty tub in the cajack, placed it out to sea
as a mark for practice. They returned and fired, and the barrel flew in
pieces; with a shout of triumph, they cleaned the guns and ran them in.

Scarcely had they done so when, as though in answer to their shots,
came the sound of three guns booming across the water from the

We stopped, speechless. Was it fancy? Had we really heard guns from a
strange ship? Or had the boys again fired? No! There were the lads
leaping into their canoe and paddling in hot haste towards us. They,
too, had heard the sound.

A tumult of feelings rushed over us--anxiety, joy, hope, doubt, each in
turn took possession of our minds. Was it a European vessel close upon
our shores, and were we about to be linked once more to civilized life?
Or did those sounds proceed from a Malay pirate, who would rob and
murder us? What was to be the result of meeting with our fellow beings;
were they to be friends who would help us, enemies who would attack us,
or would they prove unfortunate creatures in need of our assistance?
Who could tell?

Before we could express these thoughts in words the cajack had touched
the shore, and Jack and Franz were among us.

`Did you hear them? Did you hear them?' they gasped. `What shall we do?
Where shall we go?'

`Oh, Fritz,' continued my youngest son, `it must be a European ship. We
shall find her. We shall see our Fatherland once more,' and, in an
emotion of joy, he grasped his brother's hands.

Till then I knew not what a craving for civilized life had been
aroused in the two young men by the appearance of their European

All eyes were turned towards me. What would I advise?

`At present,' I said, `we can do nothing, for night is drawing on. We
must make what preparation we can, and pray for guidance.' In the
greatest excitement we returned to the house, all talking eagerly, and
till late no one could be persuaded to retire to rest.

Few slept that night. The boys and I took it in turn to keep watch from
the verandah, lest more signals might be fired, or a hostile visit
might be paid us. But about midnight the wind began to rise, and before
we reassembled to discuss our plans a fearful storm was raging; so
terrific was the sea that I knew no boat could live, and had a
broadside been fired at the entrance of the Bay we should not have
heard it through the howling of the blast.

For two days and two nights the hurricane continued, but on the third
day the sun again appeared, and, the wind lulling, the sea went rapidly
down. Full of anxiety I readily complied with the boys' desire to put
off to Shark Island and discharge the guns; for who could tell what had
been the result of the gale; perhaps the vessel had been driven upon
the rocky shore or, fearing such a fate, she had left the coast and
weathered the storm out at sea; if so she might never return.

With these thoughts I accompanied Jack and Franz to the fort.
One--two--we fired the guns and waited.

For some minutes there was no reply, and then an answering report
rolled in the distance. There was no longer room for doubt; the
strangers were still in the vicinity, and were aware of our presence.
We waved the flag as a signal to those on shore that all was well, and
quickly returned. We found the whole family in a state of the greatest
excitement, and I felt it necessary to calm them down as much as
possible, for neither could I answer the questions with which I was
besieged, nor could I conceal the fact that the visit of the vessel
might not prove so advantageous as they expected.

Fritz and I at once prepared to make a reconnaissance; we armed
ourselves with our guns, pistols and cutlasses, took a spy-glass,
seated ourselves in the cajack and, with a parting entreaty from my
wife to be cautious, paddled out of the bay and round the high cliffs
on our left. For nearly an hour we advanced in the direction from which
the reports of the guns seemed to proceed. Nothing could we see,
however, but the frowning rocks and cliffs, and the waves beating
restlessly at their base. Cape Pug-Nose was reached, and we began to
round the bluff old point.

In a moment all our doubts were dispelled, and joy and gratitude to the
Great Giver of all good filled our hearts. There, in the little
sheltered cove beyond the cape, her sails furled, and anchor dropped,
lay a brig-of-war with the English colours at her masthead.

With the glass I could discern figures upon the deck and, upon the
shore beyond, several tents pitched under the shelter of the trees, and
the smoke of fires rising amongst them. As I handed the glass to Fritz,
I felt a sudden misgiving. `What,' said I to myself, `can this English
vessel be doing thus far from the usual track of ships?' and I called
to mind tales of mutinous crews who have risen against their officers,
have chosen some such sheltered retreat as this; have disguised the
vessel, and then sailed forth to rob and plunder upon the high seas.

Fritz then exclaimed, `I can see the captain, father, he is speaking to
one of the officers, and I can see his face quite well; he is English,
I am certain he is English, and the flag speaks the truth!' and he put
the glass again in my hand that I might see for myself.

Still keeping under the shelter of the cliff, I carefully surveyed the
vessel. There was no doubt that Fritz was right, and my fears were once
more dispelled; all was neatness and regularity on board; the spotless
decks, the burnished steel and brass, and the air of perfect order
which pervaded both ship and camp, betokened that authority and
discipline there reigned.

For some minutes longer we continued our examination of the scene, and
then satisfied by the appearance of the camp on shore, that there was
no chance of the brig quitting the coast for several days, we resolved
to return without betraying our presence, for I was unwilling to appear
before these strangers until we could do so in better form, and in a
manner more in accordance with our actual resources.

We again landed at Rockburg, where our family awaited our arrival in
eager expectation, and as fully as possible we told them of all we had
seen. They thoroughly approved of our caution, and even Jenny, whose
hopes had been excited to the highest pitch by our description of the
English vessel, and who longed to meet her countrymen once more, agreed
to postpone the visit until the following day, when, having put our
yacht into good order, we might pay our respects to the captain, not as
poor shipwrecked creatures begging assistance, but as lords and masters
of the land, seeking to know for what purpose strangers were visiting
the coast.

The rest of the day was occupied in making our preparations. Our
dainty little craft was made to look her very best; her decks were
scrubbed, her brass guns burnished, all lumber* removed and put ashore,
and the flag of England hoisted to her peak.

   * Junk, things stored but not in use.

My wife overhauled our wardrobes, and the neatest uniforms were put
ready for the boys and me, for though neither my wife nor Jenny had
ever dreamed of appearing otherwise than they would have done, had they
been at home amongst civilized people in Europe, yet we, accustomed
daily to rough and often even dirty work, had adopted just that costume
which best suited our comfort and inclination. We should indeed have
surprised the smart man-o'-war's men, had we appeared in our great
shapeless wide-brimmed hats, our linen coats and trousers, our broad
leathern belts and hairy buskins; so we next day readily donned the
more becoming costumes.

At the break of that eventful morn, when we were destined once more to
set our eyes upon our fellow men, and to hear news of the outer world,
from which for so many years we had been exiled, we assembled in our
little breakfast-room. The meal was eaten hurriedly and almost in
silence, for our hearts were too full, and our minds too busily
occupied, to allow of any outward display of excitement. Fritz and Jack
then slipped quietly out, and presently returned from the garden with
baskets of the choicest fruits in fresh and fragrant profusion, and
with these, as presents for the strangers, we went on board our yacht.

The anchor was weighed, the sails set, and with the canoe in tow the
little vessel, as though partaking of our hopes and joyous
expectation, bounded merrily over the waters of Safety Bay, gave a wide
berth to the Reef, against whose frowning rocks the sea still lashed
itself to foam, and kept away for the cove, where the English ship
unconsciously awaited us. The Pug-nosed Cape was reached, and to the
surprise and utter amazement of the strangers, we rounded the point and
brought up within hail.

Every eye on board and on shore was turned towards us, every glass was
produced and fixed upon our motions; for of all the strange sights
which the gallant crew may have looked for, such an anomaly as a
pleasure yacht, manned by such a party as ours, and cruising upon this
strange and inhospitable shore, was the furthest from their thoughts.

Fritz and I stepped into our boat, and pulled for the brig. In another
minute we were upon her deck. The captain, with the simple frankness of
a British seaman, welcomed us cordially, and having led us into his
cabin, begged us to explain to what good fortune he owed a visit from
residents upon a coast generally deemed uninhabited, or the abode of
the fiercest savages.

I gave him an outline of the history of the wreck, and of our sojourn
upon these shores, and spoke to him, too, of Miss Montrose, and of the
providential way in which we had been the means of rescuing her from
her lonely position.

`Then,' said the gallant officer, rising and grasping Fritz by the
hand, `let me heartily thank you in my own name, and in that of Colonel
Montrose; for it was the hope of finding some trace of that brave girl
that led me to these shores. The disappearance of the Dorcas has been a
terrible blow to the Colonel, and yet, though for three years no word
of her or of any of those who sailed in her has reached England, he has
never entirely abandoned all hope of again hearing of his daughter. I
knew this, and a few weeks ago, when I was about to leave Sydney for
the Cape, I found three men who declared themselves survivors of the
Dorcas, and said that their boat, of four which left the wreck, was the
only one which, to their knowledge, reached land in safety.

`From them I learned all particulars, and applying for permission to
cruise in these latitudes, I sailed in the hopes of finding further
traces of the unfortunate crew. My efforts have been rewarded by
unlooked-for success.'

Fritz replied most modestly to the praises which he received, and then
the captain begged to be introduced to my wife and Miss Montrose.

`And,' he continued, `if it be not contrary to your rules of
discipline, for the whole ship's company to be absent at once, I will
now send a boat for the remainder of your party.'

One of the officers was accordingly dispatched to the yacht with a
polite message, and the mother, Jenny, and the three boys were
presently on board.

Our kind host greeted them most warmly, and he and his officers vied
with one another in doing us honour. They proved, indeed, most pleasant
entertainers, and the time passed rapidly away.

At luncheon the captain told us that there had sailed with him from
Sydney an invalid gentleman, Mr. Wolston, his wife, and two daughters;
but that though the sea voyage had been recommended on account of his
health, yet it had not done Mr. Wolston so much good as had been
anticipated, and he had suffered so greatly from the effects of the
storm which had driven the Unicorn into the bay for repairs, that he
had been eager to rest for a short time on land.

We were anxious to meet the family, and in the afternoon it was
decided that we should pay them a visit. Tents had been pitched for
their accommodation under the shady trees, and when we landed we found
Mr. Wolston seated by one of them, enjoying the cool sea-breeze. He and
his family were delighted to see us, and so much did we enjoy their
society, that evening found us still upon the shore. It was too late
then to return to Rockburg, and the captain kindly offered tents for
the accommodation of those who could not find room in the yacht. The
boys spent the night on land.

That night I had a long and serious consultation with my wife, as to
whether or not we really had any well-grounded reason for wishing to
return to Europe. It would be childish to undertake a voyage thither
simply because an opportunity offered for doing so.

Neither knew to what decision the feelings of the other inclined; each
was afraid of expressing what might run counter to those feelings; but
gradually it began to appear that neither entertained any strong wish
to leave the peaceful island; and finally we discovered that the real
wish which lay at the bottom of both our hearts was to adopt New
Switzerland as thenceforward our home.

What can be more delightful than to find harmony of opinion in those we
love, when a great and momentous decision has to be taken?

My dear wife assured me that she desired nothing more earnestly than to
spend the rest of her days in a place to which she had become so much
attached, provided I, and at least two of her sons, also wished to

From the other two she would willingly part, if they chose to return to
Europe, with the understanding that they must endeavour to send out
emigrants of a good class to join us, and form a prosperous colony,
adding that she thought the island ought to continue to bear the name
of our native country, even if inhabited in future time by colonists
from England, as well as from Switzerland.

I heartily approved of this excellent idea, and we agreed to mention
it, while consulting with Captain Littlestone on the subject of placing
the island under the protection of Great Britain.

Then came the question as to which of our sons were best suited to
remain with us, and which to go away.

This point we left undecided, thinking that in the course of a few
days, they would probably make a choice of their own accord, which they
did, even sooner than we anticipated. After breakfast, it was proposed
that Captain Littlestone should bring his ship round to Safety Bay,
that we might receive a visit from him and his party, at
Rockburg--where we invited the invalid, Mr. Wolston, and his family, in
hopes that his health might benefit by a comfortable residence on

No sooner was this plan adopted, than Fritz and Jack hurried off in the
canoe to prepare for their reception, being followed in more leisurely
style by the brig and our yacht.

But what words can express the amazement of our guests, when, rounding
the Rocky Cape at the entrance, Safety Bay, and the beautiful domain of
Rockburg, lay before them.

Still greater was their astonishment, as a salute of eleven guns
boomed from the battery on Shark Island, where the royal standard of
England was displayed and floated majestically on the morning breeze.

A glow of surprise and pleasure beamed on every countenance, and poor
Wolston's spirits appeared to revive with the very idea of the peace
and happiness to be enjoyed in such a home.

He was carried on shore with the utmost care and tenderness, and
comfortably established in my room, a camp-bed for Mrs. Wolston being
added to the furniture there, that she might be able conveniently to
attend on her husband.

Meantime the scene at the harbour and all round Rockburg was of the
liveliest description; merriment and excitement prevailed in all
directions, as the beauties and wonders of our residence were
explored, so that a summons to dinner scarcely attracted notice.

However, as a visit to Falconhurst was projected, the company was at
length induced to be seated, and to partake of our good cheer, but the
spirit of restlessness soon returned, and the young people kept roaming
about through our hitherto quiet lawns, avenues and shrubberies, until
I was ready to believe their number three times what it actually was.

Towards evening the universal excitement began to abate, and the party
assembled for supper with tolerable composure.

Mr. Wolston was able to join us, as the rest he had enjoyed, and the
pleasure inspired by the hope of a residence among us, seemed to have
given him new life. This wish he now distinctly expressed in his own
name, and in that of his wife; inquiring what our intentions were, and
proposing, if agreeable to us, that they, with their eldest daughter,
whose health, like his own, was delicate, should make a long stay on
the island, while the younger daughter went for the present to her
brother at the Cape of Good Hope.

In the event of his ultimately deciding to settle altogether among us,
Mr. Wolston would propose that his son should leave the Cape, and join
our colony.

With sincere satisfaction, I welcomed this proposal, saying that it was
my wish and that of my wife to remain for the rest of our days in New

`Hurrah for New Switzerland! New Switzerland for ever!' shouted the
whole company enthusiastically, as they raised their glasses, and made
them touch with a musical ring, which so expressively denotes a joyful
unanimity of sentiment.

`Prosperity to New Switzerland; long may she flourish,' echoed on all

`Long life and happiness to those who make New Switzerland their
home!' added Ernest to my great surprise, leaning forward as he spoke,
to ring his glass with mine, his mother's and Mr. Wolston's.

`Won't somebody wish long life and prosperity to those who go away?'
inquired Jenny with a pretty arch look. `Much as I long to return to
England and my father, my inclination will waver if all the cheers are
for New Switzerland!'

`Three cheers for England and Colonel Montrose,' cried Fritz, `success
and happiness to us who return to Europe!' and while the vaulted roofs
rang with the cheering elicited by this toast, a glance from Jenny
showed him how much she thanked him for appreciating her wish to return
to her father, notwithstanding her attachment to our family.

`Well,' said I, when silence was restored, `since Fritz resolves to go
to England, he must undertake for me the duty of bringing happiness to
a mourning father by restoring to him this dear daughter, whom I have
been ready to regard as my own, by right of finding her cast on the
shores of my island.

`Ernest chooses to remain with me. His mother and I rejoice heartily in
this decision, and promise him all the highest scientific appointments
in our power to bestow.

`And now what is Jack's choice? The only talent I can say he possesses
is that of a comic actor, and to shine on the stage he must needs go to

`Jack is not going to Europe, however,' was his reply. `He means to
stay here, and when Fritz is gone, he will be the best rider, and the
best shot in New Switzerland, which is the summit of his ambition.

`The fact is,' he continued, laughing, `I rather stand in awe of their
European schools, and should expect to find myself caught and clapped
into one, if I ventured too near them.'

`A good school is exactly what I want,' said Franz. `Among a number of
students there is some emulation and enthusiasm, and I shall have a
chance of rising in the world.

`Fritz will probably return here some day; but it might be well for one
member of the family to go home with the intention of remaining there
altogether, and as I am the youngest, I could more easily than the
rest, adapt myself to a different life. My father, however, will decide
for me.'

`You may go, my dear son,' I replied, `and God bless all our plans and
resolutions. The whole earth is the Lord's, and where, as in his sight,
you lead good and useful lives, there is your home.

`And now that I know your wishes, the only question is, whether
Captain Littlestone will kindly enable you to carry them out?'

All eyes were fixed eagerly upon him, and after a moment's pause the
gallant officer spoke as follows:

`I think my way in this matter is perfectly clear, and I consider that
I have been providentially guided to be the means of once more placing
this family in communication with their friends and with the civilized

`My orders were to search for a shipwrecked crew.

`Survivors from two wrecks have been discovered.

`Three passengers express a wish to leave my ship here, instead of at
the Cape, while, at the same time, I am requested to give to three
persons a passage to England.

`Could anything suit better? I am most willing to undertake the charge
of those who may be committed to my care.

`Every circumstance has been wonderfully ordered and linked together by
Divine Providence, and if England gains a prosperous and happy colony,
it will prove a fitting clasp to this fortunate chain of events. Three
cheers for New Switzerland.'

Deep emotion stirred every heart as the party separated for the night.
Many felt that they were suddenly standing on the threshold of a new
life, while, for myself a weight was rolled from my heart, and I
thanked God that a difficulty was solved which, for years, had
oppressed me with anxiety.

After this nothing was thought of but making preparations for the
departure of the dear ones bound for England. Captain Littlestone
allowed as much time as he could spare; but it was necessarily short,
so that incessant movement and industry pervaded the settlement for
several days.

Everything was provided and packed up that could in any way add to our
children's comfort on the voyage, or benefit them after their arrival
in England, and a large share of my possessions in pearls, corals,
furs, spices and other valuables would enable them to take a good
position in the world of commerce.

I committed to their care private papers, money, and jewels which I
knew to have been the personal property of the captain of our
ill-fated ship, desiring them to hand them over, if possible, to his
heirs. A short account of the wreck, with the names of the crew, a list
of which I had found, was given to Captain Littlestone.

His ship, the Unicorn, was amply stored by us with fresh provisions,
fish, vegetables and fruit, for in our gratitude to him for his
kindness and sympathy, we felt ready to offer every possible

In a long conversation with my sons I solemnly charged them with the
future responsibilities of their life, in all its varied aspects, of
duty towards God, their fellow men, and themselves, pointing out the
temptations to which their different characters were likely to expose
them, and exhorting them affectionately to hold fast to the faith in
which they had been brought up.

Fritz, having previously made known to me, what indeed was very
evident, the attachment between himself and Jenny, I advised him to
mention it to Colonel Montrose as soon as possible after being
introduced to him, and ask for his sanction to their engagement.

I on my part, gladly bestowing mine, as did his mother, who loved the
sweet girl dearly, and heartily grieved to part with her.

On the evening before our separation, I gave to Fritz the journal in
which, ever since the shipwreck, I had chronicled the events of our
life, desiring that the story might be printed and published. `It was
written, as you well know,' said I, `for the instruction and amusement
of my children, but it is very possible that it may be useful to other
young people.

`Children are, on the whole, very much alike everywhere, and you four
lads fairly represent multitudes, who are growing up in all
directions. It will make me happy to think that my simple narrative may
lead some of these to observe how blessed are the results of patient
continuance in well-doing, what benefits arise from the thoughtful
application of knowledge and science, and how good and pleasant a thing
it is when brethren dwell together in unity, under the eyes of parental

Night has closed around me.

For the last time my united family slumbers beneath my care. Tomorrow
this closing chapter of my journal will pass into the hands of my
eldest son.

From afar I greet thee, Europe!

I greet thee, dear old Switzerland!

Like thee, may New Switzerland flourish and prosper--good, happy and

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