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Title: The Bible, Douay-Rheims, Old Testament — Part 2
Author: Anonymous, - To be updated
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "The Bible, Douay-Rheims, Old Testament — Part 2" ***

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Translated from the Latin Vulgate

Diligently Compared with the Hebrew, Greek,
and Other Editions in Divers Languages

First Published by the English College at Douay


First Published by the English College at Rheims
A.D. 1582

With Annotations

The Whole Revised and Diligently Compared with
the Latin Vulgate by Bishop Richard Challoner
A.D. 1749-1752



Without the assistance of many individuals and groups, this text of the
Douay-Rheims Version of the Holy Bible would not be available for the
to those at 'Catholic Software' who have provided the electronic plain
texts of the 73 books of the Bible.  'Catholic Software' also produces a
Douay Bible program on CD-ROM that features a fully searchable Douay-
Rheims Bible, footnotes, Latin text and dictionary, topical index, maps,
Biblical art gallery, and other features.  For more information of this
and many other products contact:

Catholic Software
Box 1914
Murray, KY 42071
(502) 753-8198

Additional production assistance has been provided by volunteers from
the Atlanta Council of the Knights of Columbus.  Tad Book compiled and
assisted Mr. Book and transcribed selections from the first editions
included as appendices.


This three volume e-text set comes from multiple editions of Challoner's
revised Douay-Rheims Version of the Holy Bible.  The division of the Old
printing of the Old Testament.  In 1568 English exiles, many from
Oxford, established the English College of Douay (Douai/Doway), Flanders,
under William (later Cardinal) Allen.  In October, 1578, Gregory Martin
began the work of preparing an English translation of the Bible for
Catholic readers, the first such translation into Modern English.
Assisting were William Allen, Richard Bristow, Thomas Worthington, and
William Reynolds who revised, criticized, and corrected Dr. Martin's
work.  The college published the New Testament at Rheims (Reims/Rhemes),
France, in 1582 through John Fogny with a preface and explanatory notes,
authored chiefly by Bristol, Allen, and Worthington.  Later the Old
Kellam through the efforts of Dr. Worthington, then superior of the
seminary.  The translation had been prepared before the appearance of the
New Testament, but the publication was delayed due to financial
difficulties.  The religious and scholarly adherence to the Latin Vulgate
text led to the less elegant and idiomatic words and phrases often found
in the translation.  In some instances where no English word conveyed the
full meaning of the Latin, a Latin word was Anglicized and its meaning
defined in a glossary.  Although ridiculed by critics, many of these
words later found common usage in the English language.  Spellings of
proper names and the numbering of the Psalms are adopted from the Latin

In 1749 Dr. Richard Challoner began a major revision of the Douay and
Rheims texts, the spellings and phrasing of which had become increasingly
archaic in the almost two centuries since the translations were first
produced.  He modernized the diction and introduced a more fluid style,
while faithfully maintaining the accuracy of Dr. Martin's texts.  This
revision became the 'de facto' standard text for English speaking
Catholics until the twentieth century.  It is still highly regarded by
many for its style, although it is now rarely used for liturgical
purposes.  The notes included in this electronic edition are generally
attributed to Bishop Challoner.

The 1610 printing of the second tome of the Old Testament includes an
appendix containing the non-canonical books 'Prayer of Manasses,' 'Third
Booke of Esdras,' and 'Fourth Booke of Esdras.'  While not part of
Challoner's revision, the 1610 texts are placed in the appendices of
Vol. II of this e-text set.  Also included are the original texts of two
short books, 'The Prophecie of Abdias' (Vol. II) and 'The Catholike
Epistle of Iude the Apostle' (Vol. III), to give the reader a sense of
the language of the first editions in comparison to the Challoner
revision.  Further background on the Douay-Rheims version may be found in
a selection from the preface to the 1582 edition and the original
glossary included in the appendices of Vol. III.


The Second Part of the Old Testament

  Book of Psalms
  Book of Proverbs
  Solomon's Canticle of Canticles
  Book of Wisdom
  Prophecy of Isaias
  Prophecy of Jeremias
  Lamentations of Jeremias
  Prophecy of Baruch
  Prophecy of Ezechiel
  Prophecy of Daniel
  Prophecy of Osee
  Prophecy of Joel
  Prophecy of Amos
  Prophecy of Abdias
  Prophecy of Jonas
  Prophecy of Micheas
  Prophecy of Nahum
  Prophecy of Habacuc
  Prophecy of Sophonias
  Prophecy of Aggeus
  Prophecy of Zacharias
  Prophecy of Malachias
  First Book of Machabees
  Second Book of Machabees


  The Prayer of Manasses
  The Third Booke of Esdras
  The Fourth Booke of Esdras

  The Prophecie of Abdias


The psalms are called by the Hebrews TEHILLIM, that is, Hymns of
Praise.  The author, of a great part of them at least, was king David:
but many are of opinion that some of them were made by Asaph, and
others whose names are prefixed in the titles.

Psalms Chapter 1

Beatus vir.

The happiness of the just and the evil state of the wicked.

1:1. Blessed is the man who hath not walked in the counsel of the
ungodly, nor stood in the way of sinners, nor sat in the chair of

1:2. But his will is in the law of the Lord, and on his law he shall
meditate day and night.

1:3. And he shall be like a tree which is planted near the running
waters, which shall bring forth its fruit, in due season.  And his leaf
shall not fall off:  and all whatsoever he shall do shall prosper.

1:4. Not so the wicked, not so:  but like the dust, which the wind
driveth from the face of the earth.

1:5. Therefore the wicked shall not rise again in judgment:  nor sinners
in the council of the just.

1:6. For the Lord knoweth the way of the just:  and the way of the
wicked shall perish.

Psalms Chapter 2

Quare fremuerunt.

The vain efforts of persecutors against Christ and his church.

2:1. Why have the Gentiles raged, and the people devised vain things?

2:2. The kings of the earth stood up, and the princes met together,
against the Lord, and against his Christ.

2:3. Let us break their bonds asunder:  and let us cast away their yoke
from us.

2:4. He that dwelleth in heaven shall laugh at them:  and the Lord shall
deride them.

2:5. Then shall he speak to them in his anger, and trouble them in his

2:6. But I am appointed king by him over Sion, his holy mountain,
preaching his commandment.

2:7. The Lord hath said to me:  Thou art my son, this day have I
begotten thee.

2:8. Ask of me, and I will give thee the Gentiles for thy inheritance,
and the utmost parts of the earth for thy possession.

2:9. Thou shalt rule them with a rod of iron, and shalt break them in
pieces like a potter's vessel.

2:10. And now, O ye kings, understand:  receive instruction, you that
judge the earth.

2:11. Serve ye the Lord with fear:  and rejoice unto him with trembling.

2:12. Embrace discipline, lest at any time the Lord be angry, and you
perish from the just way.

2:13. When his wrath shall be kindled in a short time, blessed are all
they that trust in him.

Psalms Chapter 3

Domine, quid multiplicati.

The prophet's danger and delivery from his son Absalom:  mystically, the
passion and resurrection of Christ.

3:1. The psalm of David when he fled from the face of his son Absalom.

3:2. Many say to my soul:  There is no salvation for him in his God.

3:4. But thou, O Lord, art my protector, my glory, and the lifter up of
my head.

3:5. I have cried to the Lord with my voice:  and he hath heard me from
his holy hill.

3:6. I have slept and have taken my rest:  and I have risen up, because
the Lord hath protected me.

3:7. I will not fear thousands of the people surrounding me:  arise, O
Lord; save me, O my God.

3:8. For thou hast struck all them who are my adversaries without
cause:  thou hast broken the teeth of sinners.

3:9. Salvation is of the Lord:  and thy blessing is upon thy people.

Psalms Chapter 4

Cum invocarem.

The prophet teacheth us to flee to God in tribulation, with confidence
in him.

4:1. Unto the end, in verses.  A psalm for David.

Unto the end. . .Or, as St. Jerome renders it, victori, to him that
overcometh:  which some understand of the chief musician; to whom they
suppose the psalms, which bear that title, were given to be sung:  we
rather understand the psalms thus inscribed to refer to Christ, who is
the end of the law, and the great conqueror of death and hell, and to
the New Testament.--Ibid.  In verses, in carminibus. . .In the Hebrew, it
is neghinoth, supposed by some to be a musical instrument, with which
this psalm was to be sung.--Ibid.  For David, or to David. . .That is,
inspired to David himself, or to be sung.

4:2. When I called upon him, the God of my justice heard me:  when I was
in distress, thou hast enlarged me.  Have mercy on me:  and hear my

4:3. O ye sons of men, how long will you be dull of heart?  why do you
love vanity, and seek after lying?

4:4. Know ye also that the Lord hath made his holy one wonderful:  the
Lord will hear me when I shall cry unto him.

4:5. Be ye angry, and sin not:  the things you say in your hearts, be
sorry for them upon your beds.

4:6. Offer up the sacrifice of justice, and trust in the Lord:  many
say, Who sheweth us good things?

4:7. The light of thy countenance, O Lord, is signed upon us:  thou hast
given gladness in my heart.

4:8. By the fruit of their corn, their wine, and oil, they rest:

4:9. In peace in the self same I will sleep, and I will rest:

4:10. For thou, O Lord, singularly hast settled me in hope.

Psalms Chapter 5

Verba mea auribul.

A prayer to God against the iniquities of men.

5:1. Unto the end, for her that obtaineth the inheritance.  A psalm for

For her that obtaineth the inheritance. . .That is, for the church of

5:2. Give ear, O Lord, to my words, understand my cry.

5:3. Hearken to the voice of my prayer, O my King and my God.

5:4. For to thee will I pray:  O Lord, in the morning thou shalt hear my

5:5. In the morning I will stand before thee, and I will see:  because
thou art not a God that willest iniquity.

5:6. Neither shall the wicked dwell near thee:  nor shall the unjust
abide before thy eyes.

5:7. Thou hatest all the workers of iniquity:  thou wilt destroy all
that speak a lie.  The bloody and the deceitful man the Lord will abhor.

5:8. But as for me in the multitude of thy mercy, I will come into thy
house; I will worship towards thy holy temple, in thy fear.

5:9. Conduct me, O Lord, in thy justice:  because of my enemies, direct
my way in thy sight.

5:10. For there is no truth in their mouth:  their heart is vain.

5:11. Their throat is an open sepulchre:  they dealt deceitfully with
their tongues:  judge them, O God.  Let them fall from their devices:
according to the multitude of their wickednesses cast them out:  for
they have provoked thee, O Lord.

5:12. But let all them be glad that hope in thee:  they shall rejoice
for ever, and thou shalt dwell in them.  And all they that love thy name
shall glory in thee.

5:13. For thou wilt bless the just.  O Lord, thou hast crowned us, as
with a shield of thy good will.

Psalms Chapter 6

Domine, ne in furore.

A prayer of a penitent sinner, under the scourge of God.  The first
penitential psalm.

6:1. Unto the end, in verses, a psalm for David, for the octave.

For the octave. . .That is, to be sung on an instrument of eight
strings.  St. Augustine understands it mystically, of the last
resurrection, and the world to come; which is, as it were, the octave,
or eighth day, after the seven days of this mortal life:  and for this
octave, sinners must dispose themselves, like David, by bewailing their
sins, whilst they are here upon earth.

6:2. O Lord, rebuke me not in thy indignation, nor chastise me in thy

6:3. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am weak:  heal me, O Lord, for my
bones are troubled.

6:4. And my soul is troubled exceedingly:  but thou, O Lord, how long?

6:5. Turn to me, O Lord, and deliver my soul:  O save me for thy mercy's

6:6. For there is no one in death, that is mindful of thee:  and who
shall confess to thee in hell?

6:7. I have laboured in my groanings, every night I will wash my bed:  I
will water my couch with my tears.

6:8. My eye is troubled through indignation:  I have grown old amongst
all my enemies.

6:9. Depart from em, all ye workers of iniquity:  for the Lord hath
heard the voice of my weeping.

6:10. The Lord hath heard my supplication:  the Lord hath received my

6:11. Let all my enemies be ashamed, and be very much troubled:  let
them be turned back, and be ashamed very speedily.

Psalms Chapter 7

Domine, Deus meus.

David, trusting in the justice of his cause, prayeth for God's help
against his enemies.

7:1. The psalm of David, which he sung to the Lord, for the words of
Chusi, the son of Jemini.

7:2. O Lord, my God, in thee have I put my trust; same me from all them
that persecute me, and deliver me.

7:3. Lest at any time he seize upon my soul like a lion, while there is
no one to redeem me, nor to save.

7:4. O Lord, my God, if I have done this thing, if there be iniquity in
my hands:

7:5. If I have rendered to them that repaid me evils, let me deservedly
fall empty before my enemies.

7:6. Let the enemy pursue my soul, and take it, and tread down my life,
on the earth, and bring down my glory to the dust.

7:7. Rise up, O Lord, in thy anger:  and be thou exalted in the borders
of my enemies.  And arise, O Lord, my God, in the precept which thou
hast commanded:

7:8. And a congregation of people shall surround thee.  And for their
sakes return thou on high.

7:9. The Lord judgeth the people.  Judge me, O Lord, according to my
justice, and according to my innocence in me.

7:10. The wickedness of sinners shall be brought to nought; and thou
shalt direct the just:  the searcher of hearts and reins is God.  Just

7:11. Is my help from the Lord; who saveth the upright of heart.

7:12. God is a just judge, strong and patient:  is he angry every day?

7:13. Except you will be converted, he will brandish his sword; he hath
bent his bow, and made it ready.

7:14. And in it he hath prepared to instruments of death, he hath made
ready his arrows for them that burn.

For them that burn. . .That is, against the persecutors of his saints.

7:15. Behold he hath been in labour with injustice:  he hath conceived
sorrow, and brought forth iniquity.

7:16. He hath opened a pit and dug it:  and he is fallen into the hole
he made.

7:17. His sorrow shall be turned on his own head:  and his iniquity
shall come down upon his crown.

7:18. I will give glory to the Lord according to his justice:  and will
sing to the name of the Lord the most high.

Psalms Chapter 8

Domine, Dominus noster.

God is wonderful in his works; especially in mankind, singularly
exalted by the incarnation of Christ.

8:1. Unto the end, for the presses:  a psalm for David.

The presses. . .In Hebrew, Gittith, supposed to be a musical instrument.

8:2. O Lord, our Lord, how admirable is thy name in the whole earth!
For thy magnificence is elevated above the heavens.

8:3. Out of the mouth of infants and of sucklings thou hast perfected
praise, because of thy enemies, that thou mayst destroy the enemy and
the avenger.

8:4. For I will behold thy heavens, the works of thy fingers:  the moon
and the stars which thou hast founded.

8:5. What is man, that thou art mindful of him?  or the son of man, that
thou visitest him?

8:6. Thou hast made him a little less than the angels, thou hast
crowned him with glory and honour:

8:7. And hast set him over the works of thy hands.

8:8. Thou hast subjected all things under his feet, all sheep and oxen:
moreover, the beasts also of the fields.

8:9. The birds of the air, and the fishes of the sea, that pass through
the paths of the sea.

8:10. O Lord, our Lord, how admirable is thy name in the whole earth!

Psalms Chapter 9

Confitebor tibi, Domine.  The church praiseth God for his protection
against her enemies.

9:1. Unto the end, for the hidden things of the Son.  A psalm for David.

The hidden things of the Son. . .The humility and sufferings of Christ,
the Son of God; and of good Christians, who are his sons by adoption;
are called hidden things, with regard to the children of this world,
who know not the value and merit of them.

9:2. I will give praise to thee, O Lord, with my whole heart:  I will
relate all thy wonders.

9:3. I will be glad, and rejoice in thee:  I will sing to thy name, O
thou most high.

9:4. When my enemy shall be turned back:  they shall be weakened, and
perish before thy face.

9:5. For thou hast maintained my judgment and my cause:  thou hast sat
on the throne, who judgest justice.

9:6. Thou hast rebuked the Gentiles, and the wicked one hath perished;
thou hast blotted out their name for ever and ever.

9:7. The swords of the enemy have failed unto the end:  and their cities
thou hast destroyed.  Their memory hath perished with a noise:

9:8. But the Lord remaineth for ever.  He hath prepared his throne in

9:9. And he shall judge the world in equity, he shall judge the people
in justice.

9:10. And the Lord is become a refuge for the poor:  a helper in due
time in tribulation.

9:11. And let them trust in thee who know thy name:  for thou hast not
forsaken them that seek thee, O Lord.

9:12. Sing ye to the Lord, who dwelleth in Sion:  declare his ways among
the Gentiles:

9:13. For requiring their blood, he hath remembered them:  he hath not
forgotten the cry of the poor.

9:14. Have mercy on me, O Lord:  see my humiliation which I suffer from
my enemies.

9:15. Thou that liftest me up from the gates of death, that I may
declare all thy praises in the gates of the daughter of Sion.

9:16. I will rejoice in thy salvation:  the Gentiles have stuck fast in
the destruction which they prepared.  Their foot hath been taken in the
very snare which they hid.

9:17. The Lord shall be known when he executeth judgments:  the sinner
hath been caught in the works of his own hands.

9:18. The wicked shall be turned into hell, all the nations that forget

9:19. For the poor man shall not be forgotten to the end:  the patience
of the poor shall not perish for ever.

9:20. Arise, O Lord, let not man be strengthened:  let the Gentiles be
judged in thy sight.

9:21. Appoint, O Lord, a lawgiver over them:  that the Gentiles may know
themselves to be but men.

Here the late Hebrew doctors divide this psalm into two, making ver. 22
the beginning of Psalm 10.  And again they join Psalms 146 and 147 into
one, in order that the whole number of psalms should not exceed 150.
And in this manner the psalms are numbered in the Protestant Bible.

Psalm 10 according to the Hebrews.

9a:1. Why, O Lord, hast thou retired afar off?  why dost thou slight us
in our wants, in the time of trouble?

9a:2. Whilst the wicked man is proud, the poor is set on fire:  they are
caught in the counsels which they devise.

9a:3. For the sinner is praised in the desires of his soul:  and the
unjust man is blessed.

9a:4. The sinner hath provoked the Lord, according to the multitude of
his wrath, he will not seek him:

9a:5. God is not before his eyes:  his ways are filthy at all times.  Thy
judgments are removed form his sight:  he shall rule over all his

9a:6. For he hath said in his heart:  I shall not be moved from
generation to generation, and shall be without evil.

9a:7. His mouth is full of cursing, and of bitterness, and of deceit:
under his tongue are labour and sorrow.

9a:8. He sitteth in ambush with the rich, in private places, that he may
kill the innocent.

9a:9. His eyes are upon the poor man:  he lieth in wait, in secret, like
a lion in his den.  He lieth in ambush, that he may catch the poor man:
so catch the poor, whilst he draweth him to him.

9a:10. In his net he will bring him down, he will crouch and fall, when
he shall have power over the poor.

9a:11. For he hath said in his heart:  God hath forgotten, he hath turned
away his face, not to see to the end.

9a:12. Arise, O Lord God, let thy hand be exalted:  forget not the poor.

9a:13. Wherefore hath the wicked provoked God?  for he hath said in his
heart:  He will not require it.

9a:14. Thou seest it, for thou considerest labour and sorrow:  that thou
mayst deliver them into thy hands.  To thee is the poor man left:  thou
wilt be a helper to the orphan.

9a:15. Break thou the arm of the sinner and of the malignant:  his sin
shall be sought, and shall not be found.

9a:16. The Lord shall reign to eternity, yea, for ever and ever:  ye
Gentiles shall perish from his land.

9a:17. The Lord hath heard the desire of the poor:  thy ear hath heard
the preparation of their heart.

9a:18. To judge for the fatherless and for the humble, that man may no
more presume to magnify himself upon earth.

Psalms Chapter 10

In Domino confido.

The just man's confidence in God in the midst of persecutions.

10:1. Unto the end.  A psalm to David.

10:2. In the Lord I put my trust:  how then do you say to my soul:  Get
thee away from hence to the mountain, like a sparrow.

10:3. For, lo, the wicked have bent their bow:  they have prepared their
arrows in the quiver, to shoot in the dark the upright of heart.

10:4. For they have destroyed the things which thou hast made:  but what
has the just man done?

10:5. The Lord is in his holy temple, the Lord's throne is in heaven.
His eyes look on the poor man:  his eyelids examine the sons of men.

10:6. The Lord trieth the just and the wicked:  but he that loveth
iniquity, hateth his own soul.

10:7. He shall rain snares upon sinners:  fire and brimstone, and storms
of winds, shall be the portion of their cup.

10:8. For the Lord is just, and hath loved justice:  his countenance
hath beheld righteousness.

Psalms Chapter 11

Salvum me fac.

The prophet calls for God's help against the wicked.

11:1. Unto the end:  for the octave, a psalm for David.

11:2. Save me, O Lord, for there is now no saint:  truths are decayed
from among the children of men.

11:3. They have spoken vain things, every one to his neighbour:  with
deceitful lips, and with a double heart have they spoken.

11:4. May the Lord destroy all deceitful lips, and the tongue that
speaketh proud things.

11:5. Who have said:  We will magnify our tongue:  our lips are our own:
who is Lord over us?

11:6. By reason of the misery of the needy, and the groans of the poor,
now will I arise, saith the Lord.  I will set him in safety:  I will deal
confidently in his regard.

11:7. The words of the Lord are pure words:  as silver tried by the
fire, purged from the earth, refined seven times.

11:8. Thou, O Lord, wilt preserve us:  and keep us from this generation
for ever.

11:9. The wicked walk round about:  according to thy highness, thou hast
multiplied the children of men.

Psalms Chapter 12

Usquequo, Domine.

A prayer in tribulation.

12:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.  How long, O Lord, wilt thou
forget me unto the end?  how long dost thou turn away thy face from me?

12:2. How long shall I take counsels in my soul, sorrow in my heart all
the day?

12:3. How long shall my enemy be exalted over Me?

12:4. Consider, and hear me, O Lord, my God.  Enlighten my eyes, that I
never sleep in death:

12:5. Lest at any time my enemy say:  I have prevailed against him.  They
that trouble me, will rejoice when I am moved:

12:6. But I have trusted in thy mercy.  My heart shall rejoice in thy
salvation:  I will sing to the Lord, who giveth me good things:  yea, I
will sing to the name of the Lord, the most high.

Psalms Chapter 13

Dixit insipiens.

The general corruption of man before our redemption by Christ.

13:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.  The fool hath said in his heart:
There is no God.  They are corrupt, and are become abominable in their
ways:  there is none that doth good, no not one.

13:2. The Lord hath looked down from heaven upon the children of men,
to see if there be any that understand and seek God.

13:3. They are all gone aside, they are become unprofitable together:
there is none that doth good:  no not one.  Their throat is an open
sepulchre; with their tongues they acted deceitfully:  the poison of
asps is under their lips.  Their mouth is full of cursing and
bitterness; their feet are swift to shed blood.  Destruction and
unhappiness in their ways; and the way of peace they have not known:
there is no fear of God before their eyes.

13:4. Shall not all they know that work iniquity, who devour my people
as they eat bread?

13:5. They have not called upon the Lord:  there have they trembled for
fear, where there was no fear.

13:6. For the Lord is in the just generation:  you have confounded the
counsel of the poor man; but the Lord is his hope.

13:7. Who shall give out of Sion the salvation of Israel?  when the Lord
shall have turned away the captivity of his people, Jacob shall
rejoice, and Israel shall be glad.

Psalms Chapter 14

Domine, quis habitabit.

What kind of men shall dwell in the heavenly Sion.

14:1. A psalm for David.  Lord, who shall dwell in thy tabernacle?  or
who shall rest in thy holy hill?

14:2. He that walketh without blemish, and worketh justice:

14:3. He that speaketh truth in his heart, who hath not used deceit in
his tongue:  Nor hath done evil to his neighbour:  nor taken up a
reproach against his neighbours.

14:4. In his sight the malignant is brought to nothing:  but he
glorifieth them that fear the Lord.  He that sweareth to his neighbour,
and deceiveth not;

14:5. He that hath not put out his money to usury, nortaken bribes
against the innocent:  He that doth these things, shall not be moved for

Psalms Chapter 15

Conserva me, Domine.

Christ's future victory and triumph over the world and death.

15:1. The inscription of a title to David himself.  Preserve me, O Lord,
for I have put my trust in thee.

The inscription of a title. . .That is, of a pillar or monument,
staylographia:  which is as much as to say, that this psalm is most
worthy to be engraved on an everlasting monument.

15:2. I have said to the Lord, thou art my God, for thou hast no need
of my goods.

15:3. To the saints, who are in his land, he hath made wonderful all my
desires in them.

15:4. Their infirmities were multiplied:  afterwards they made haste.  I
will not gather together their meetings for bloodofferings:  nor will I
be mindful of their names by my lips.

15:5. The Lord is the portion of my inheritance and of my cup:  it is
thou that wilt restore my inheritance to me.

15:6. The lines are fallen unto me in goodly places:  for my inheritance
is goodly to me.

15:7. I will bless the Lord, who hath given me understanding:  moreover,
my reins also have corrected me even till night.

15:8. I set the Lord always in my sight:  for he is at my right hand,
that I be not moved.

15:9. Therefore my heart hath been glad, and my tongue hath rejoiced:
moreover, my flesh also shall rest in hope.

15:10. Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; nor wilt thou give
thy holy one to see corruption.

15:11. Thou hast made known to me the ways of life, thou shalt fill me
with joy with thy countenance:  at thy right hand are delights even to
the end.

Psalms Chapter 16

Exaudi, Domine, justitiam.

A just man's prayer in tribulation against the malice of his enemy.

16:1. The prayer of David.  Hear, O Lord, my justice:  attend to my
supplication.  Give ear unto my prayer, which proceedeth not from
deceitful lips.

16:2. Let my judgment come forth from thy countenance:  let thy eyes
behold the things that are equitable.

16:3. Thou hast proved my heart, and visited it by night, thou hast
tried me by fire:  and iniquity hath not been found in me.

16:4. That my mouth may not speak the works of men:  for the sake of the
words of thy lips, I have kept hard ways.

16:5. Perfect thou my goings in thy paths:  that my footsteps be not

16:6. I have cried to thee, for thou, O God, hast heard me:  O incline
thy ear unto me, and hear my words.

16:7. Shew forth thy wonderful mercies; thou who savest them that trust
in thee.

16:8. From them that resist thy right hand keep me, as the apple of thy
eye.  Protect me under the shadow of thy wings.

16:9. From the face of the wicked who have afflicted me.  My enemies
have surrounded my soul:

16:10. They have shut up their fat:  their mouth hath spoken proudly.

Their fat. . .That is, their bowels of compassion:  for they have none
for me.

16:11. They have cast me forth, and now they have surrounded me:  they
have set their eyes bowing down to the earth.

16:12. They have taken me, as a lion prepared for the prey; and as a
young lion dwelling in secret places.

16:13. Arise, O Lord, disappoint him and supplant him; deliver my soul
from the wicked one; thy sword

16:14. From the enemies of thy hand.  O Lord, divide them from the few
of the earth in their life:  their belly is filled from thy hidden
stores.  They are full of children:  and they have left to their little
ones the rest of their substance.

Divide them from the few, etc. . .That is, cut them off from the earth,
and the few trifling things thereof; which they are so proud of, or
divide them from the few; that is, from thy elect, who are but few;
that they may no longer have it in their power to oppress them.  It is
not meant by way of a curse or imprecation; but, as many other the like
passages in the psalms, by way of a prediction, or prophecy of what
should come upon them, in punishment of their wickedness.  Ibid.  Thy
hidden stores. . .Thy secret treasures, out of which thou furnishest
those earthly goods, which, with a bountiful hand thou hast distributed
both to the good and the bad.

16:15. But as for me, I will appear before thy sight in justice:  I
shall be satisfied when thy glory shall appear.

Psalms Chapter 17

Diligam te, Domine.

David's thanks to God for his delivery from all his enemies.

17:1. Unto the end, for David, the servant of the Lord, who spoke to
the Lord the words of this canticle, in the day that the Lord delivered
him from the hand of all his enemies, and from the hand of Saul:  and he

17:2. I will love thee, O Lord, my strength:

17:3. The Lord is my firmament, my refuge, and my deliverer.  My God is
my helper, and in him will I put my trust.  My protector, and the horn
of my salvation, and my support.

17:4. Praising, I will call upon the Lord:  and I shall be saved from my

17:5. The sorrows of death surrounded me:  and the torrents of iniquity
troubled me.

17:6. The sorrows of hell encompassed me:  and the snares of death
prevented me.

17:7. In my affliction I called upon the Lord, and I cried to my God:
And he heard my voice from his holy temple:  and my cry before him came
into his ears.

17:8. The earth shook and trembled:  the foundations of the mountains
were troubled and were moved, because he was angry with them.

17:9. There went up a smoke in his wrath:  and a fire flamed from his
face:  coals were kindled by it.

17:10. He bowed the heavens, and came down, and darkness was under his

17:11. And he ascended upon the cherubim, and he flew; he flew upon the
wings of the winds.

17:12. And he made darkness his covert, his pavilion round about him:
dark waters in the clouds of the air.

17:13. At the brightness that was before him the clouds passed, hail
and coals of fire.

17:14. And the Lord thundered from heaven, and the Highest gave his
voice:  hail and coals of fire.

17:15. And he sent forth his arrows, and he scattered them:  he
multiplied lightnings, and troubled them.

17:16. Then the fountains of waters appeared, and the foundations of
the world were discovered:  At thy rebuke, O Lord, at the blast of the
spirit of thy wrath.

17:17. He sent from on high, and took me:  and received me out of many

17:18. He delivered me from my strongest enemies, and from them that
hated me:  for they were too strong for me.

17:19. They prevented me in the day of my affliction:  and the Lord
became my protector.

17:20. And he brought me forth into a large place:  he saved me, because
he was well pleased with me.

17:21. And the Lord will reward me according to my justice; and will
repay me according to the cleanness of my hands:

17:22. Because I have kept the ways of the Lord; and have not done
wickedly against my God.

17:23. For all his judgments are in my sight:  and his justices I have
not put away from me.

17:24. And I shall be spotless with him:  and shall keep myself from my

17:25. And the Lord will reward me according to my justice:  and
according to the cleanness of my hands before his eyes.

17:26. With the holy thou wilt be holy; and with the innocent man thou
wilt be innocent:

17:27. And withe the elect thou wilt be elect:  and with the perverse
thou wilt be perverted.

17:28. For thou wilt save the humble people; but wilt bring down the
eyes of the proud.

17:29. For thou lightest my lamp, O Lord:  O my God, enlighten my

17:30. For by thee I shall be delivered from temptation; and through my
God I shall go over a wall.

17:31. As for my God, his way is undefiled:  the words of the Lord are
fire-tried:  he is the protector of all that trust in him.

17:32. For who is God but the Lord?  or who is God but our God?

17:33. God, who hath girt me with strength; and made my way blameless.

17:34. Who hath made my feet like the feet of harts:  and who setteth me
upon high places.

17:35. Who teacheth my hands to war:  and thou hast made my arms like a
brazen bow.

17:36. And thou hast given me the protection of thy salvation:  and thy
right hand hath held me up:  And thy discipline hath corrected me unto
the end:  and thy discipline, the same shall teach me.

17:37. Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; and my feet are not

17:38. I will pursue after my enemies, and overtake them:  and I will
not turn again till they are consumed.

17:39. I will break them, and they shall not be able to stand:  they
shall fall under my feet.

17:40. And thou hast girded me with strength unto battle; and hast
subdued under me them that rose up against me.

17:41. And thou hast made my enemies furn their back upon me, and hast
destroyed them that hated me.

17:42. They cried, but there was none to save them, to the Lord:  but he
heard them not.

17:43. And I shall beat them as small as the dust before the wind; I
shall bring them to nought, like the dirt in the streets.

17:44. Thou wilt deliver me from the contradictions of the people; thou
wilt make me head of the Gentiles.

17:45. A people which I knew not, hath served me:  at the hearing of the
ear they have obeyed me.

17:46. The children that are strangers have lied to me, strange
children have faded away, and have halted from their paths.

17:47. The Lord liveth, and blessed by my God, and let the God of my
salvation be exalted.

17:48. O God, who avengest me, and subduest the people under me, my
deliverer from my enraged enemies.

17:49. And thou wilt lift me up above them that rise up against me:
from the unjust man thou wilt deliver me.

17:50. Therefore will I give glory to thee, O Lord, among the nations,
and I will sing a psalm to thy name.

17:51. Giving great deliverance to his king, and shewing mercy to
David, his anointed:  and to his seed for ever.

Psalms Chapter 18

Coeli enarrant.

The works of God shew forth his glory:  his law is greatly to be
esteemed and loved.

18:1. Unto the end.  A Psalm for David.

18:2. The heavens shew forth the glory of God, and the firmament
declareth the work of his hands.

18:3. Day to day uttereth speech, and night to night sheweth knowledge.

18:4. There are no speeches nor languages, where their voices are not

18:5. Their sound hath gone forth into all the earth:  and their words
unto the ends of the world.

18:6. He hath set his tabernacle in the sun:  and he as a bridegroom
coming out of his bridechamber, Hath rejoiced as a giant to run the

18:7. His going out is from the end of heaven, And his circuit even to
the end thereof:  and there is no one that can hide himself from his

18:8. The law of the Lord is unspotted, converting souls:  the testimony
of the Lord is faithful, giving wisdom to little ones.

18:9. The justices of the Lord are right, rejoicing hearts:  the
commandment of the Lord is lightsome, enlightening the eyes.

18:10. The fear of the Lord is holy, enduring for ever and ever:  the
judgments of the Lord are true, justified in themselves.

18:11. More to be desired than gold and many precious stones:  and
sweeter than honey and the honeycomb.

18:12. For thy servant keepeth them, and in keeping them there is a
great reward.

18:13. Who can understand sins?  from my secret ones cleanse me, O Lord:

18:14. And from those of others spare thy servant.  If they shall have
no dominion over me, then shall I be without spot:  and I shall be
cleansed form the greatest sin.

18:15. And the words of my mouth shall be such as may please:  and the
meditation of my heart always in thy sight.  O Lord, my helper and my

Psalms Chapter 19

Exaudiat te Dominus.

A prayer for the king.

19:1. Unto the end.  A psalm for David.

19:2. May the Lord hear thee in the day of tribulation:  may the name of
the God of Jacob protect thee.

19:3. May he send thee help from the sanctuary:  and defend thee out of

19:4. May he be mindful of all thy sacrifices:  and may thy whole
burntoffering be made fat.

19:5. May he give thee according to thy own heart; and confirm all thy

19:6. We will rejoice in thy salvation; and in the name of our God we
shall be exalted.

19:7. The Lord fulfil all thy petitions:  now have I known that the Lord
hath saved his anointed.  He will hear him from his holy heaven:  the
salvation of his right hand is in powers.

The salvation of his right hand is in powers. . .That is, in strength.
His right hand is strong and mighty to save them that trust in him.

19:8. Some trust in chariots, and some in horses:  but we will call upon
the name of the Lord, our God.

19:9. They are bound, and have fallen:  but we are risen, and are set
upright.  O Lord, save the king:  and hear us in the day that we shall
call upon thee.

Psalms Chapter 20

Domine, in virtute.

Praise to God for Christ's exaltation after his passion.

20:1. Unto the end.  A psalm for David.

20:2. In thy strength, O Lord, the king shall joy; and in thy salvation
he shall rejoice exceedingly.

20:3. Thou hast given him his heart's desire:  and hast not withholden
from him the will of his lips.

20:4. For thou hast prevented him with blessings of sweetness:  thou
hast set on his head a crown of precious stones.

20:5. He asked life of thee:  and thou hast given him length of days for
ever and ever.

20:6. His glory is great in thy salvation:  glory and great beauty shalt
thou lay upon him.

20:7. For thou shalt give him to be a blessing for ever and ever:  thou
shalt make him joyful in gladness with thy countenance.

20:8. For the king hopeth in the Lord:  and through the mercy of the
most High he shall not be moved.

20:9. Let thy hand be found by all thy enemies:  let thy right hand find
out all them that hate thee.

20:10. Thou shalt make them as an oven of fire, in the time of thy
anger:  the Lord shall trouble them in his wrath, and fire shall devour

20:11. Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth:  and their seed
from among the children of men.

20:12. For they have intended evils against thee:  they have devised
counsels which they have not been able to establish.

20:13. For thou shalt make them turn their back:  in thy remnants thou
shalt prepare their face.

In thy remnants thou shalt prepare their face. . .Or thou shalt set thy
remnants against their faces.  That is, thou shalt make them see what
punishments remain for them hereafter from thy justice.  Instead of
remnants, St. Jerome renders it funes, that is, cords or strings, viz.,
of the bow of divine justice, from which God directs his arrows against
the faces of his enemies.

20:14. Be thou exalted, O Lord, in thy own strength:  we will sing and
praise thy power.

Psalms Chapter 21

Deus Deus meus.

Christ's passion:  and the conversion of the Gentiles.

21:1. Unto the end, for the morning protection, a psalm for David.

21:2. O God my God, look upon me:  why hast thou forsaken me?  Far from
my salvation are the words of my sins.

The words of my sins. . .That is, the sins of the world, which I have
taken upon myself, cry out against me, and are the cause of all my

21:3. O my God, I shall cry by day, and thou wilt not hear:  and by
night, and it shall not be reputed as folly in me.

21:4. But thou dwellest in the holy place, the praise of Israel.

21:5. In thee have our fathers hoped:  they have hoped, and thou hast
delivered them.

21:6. They cried to thee, and they were saved:  they trusted in thee,
and were not confounded.

21:7. But I am a worm, and no man:  the reproach of men, and the outcast
of the people.

21:8. All they that saw me have laughed me to scorn:  they have spoken
with the lips, and wagged the head.

21:9. He hoped in the Lord, let him deliver him:  let him save him,
seeing he delighteth in him.

21:10. For thou art he that hast drawn me out of the womb:  my hope from
the breasts of my mother.

21:11. I was cast upon thee from the womb.  From my mother's womb thou
art my God,

21:12. Depart not from me.  For tribulation is very near:  for there is
none to help me.

21:13. Many calves have surrounded me:  fat bulls have besieged me.

21:14.They have opened their mouths against me, as a lion ravening and

21:15. I am poured out like water; and all my bones are scattered.  My
heart is become like wax melting in the midst of my bowels.

21:16. My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue hath
cleaved to my jaws:  and thou hast brought me down into the dust of

21:17. For many dogs have encompassed me:  the council of the malignant
hath besieged me.  They have dug my hands and feet.

21:18. They have numbered all my bones.  And they have looked and stared
upon me.

21:19. They parted my garments amongst them; and upon my vesture they
cast lots.

21:20. But thou, O Lord, remove not thy help to a distance from me;
look towards my defence.

21:21. Deliver, O God, my soul from the sword:  my only one from the
hand of the dog.

21:22. Save me from the lion's mouth; and my lowness from the horns of
the unicorns.

21:23. I will declare thy name to my brethren:  in the midst of the
church will I praise thee.

21:24. Ye that fear the Lord, praise him:  all ye the seed of Jacob,
glorify him.

21:25. Let all the seed of Israel fear him:  because he hath not
slighted nor despised the supplication of the poor man.  Neither hath he
turned away his face form me:  and when I cried to him he heard me.

21:26. With thee is my praise in a great church:  I will pay my vows in
the sight of them that fear him.

21:27. The poor shall eat and shall be filled:  and they shall praise
the Lord that seek him:  their hearts shall live for ever and ever.

21:28. All the ends of the earth shall remember, and shall be converted
to the Lord:  And all the kindreds of the Gentiles shall adore in his

21:29. For the kingdom is the Lord's; and he shall have dominion over
the nations.

21:30. All the fat ones of the earth have eaten and have adored:  all
they that go down to the earth shall fall before him.

21:31. And to him my soul shall live:  and my seed shall serve him.

21:32. There shall be declared to the Lord a generation to come:  and
the heavens shall shew forth his justice to a people that shall be
born, which the Lord hath made.

Psalms Chapter 22

Dominus regit me.

God's spiritual benefits to faithful souls.

22:1. A psalm for David.  The Lord ruleth me:  and I shall want nothing.

Ruleth me. . .In Hebrew, Is my shepherd, viz., to feed, guide, and
govern me.

22:2. He hath set me in a place of pasture.  He hath brought me up, on
the water of refreshment:

22:3. He hath converted my soul.  He hath led me on the paths of
justice, for his own name's sake.

22:4. For though I should walk in the midst of the shadow of death, I
will fear no evils, for thou art with me.  Thy rod and thy staff, they
have comforted me.

22:5. Thou hast prepared a table before me against them that afflict
me.  Thou hast anointed my head with oil; and my chalice which
inebreateth me, how goodly is it!

22:6. And thy mercy will follow me all the days of my life.  And that I
may dwell in the house of the Lord unto length of days.

Psalms Chapter 23

Domini est terra.

Who are they that shall ascend to heaven:  Christ's triumphant ascension

23:1. On the first day of the week, a psalm for David.  The earth is the
Lord's and the fulness thereof:  the world, and all they that dwell

23:2. For he hath founded it upon the seas; and hath prepared it upon
the rivers.

23:3. Who shall ascend into the mountain of the Lord:  or who shall
stand in his holy place?

23:4. The innocent in hands, and clean of heart, who hath not taken his
soul in vain, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour.

23:5. He shall receive a blessing from the Lord, and mercy from God his

23:6. This is the generation of them that seek him, of them that seek
the face of the God of Jacob.

23:7. Lift up your gates, O ye princes, and be ye lifted up, O eternal
gates:  and the King of Glory shall enter in.

23:8. Who is this King of Glory?  the Lord who is strong and mighty:  the
Lord mighty in battle.

23:9. Lift up your gates, O ye princes, and be ye lifted up, O eternal
gates:  and the King of Glory shall enter in.

23:10. Who is this King of Glory?  the Lord of hosts, he is the King of

Psalms Chapter 24

Ad te, Domine, levavi.

A prayer for grace, mercy, and protection against our enemies.

24:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.  To thee, O Lord, have I lifted
up my soul.

24:2. In thee, O my God, I put my trust; let me not be ashamed.

24:3. Neither let my enemies laugh at me:  for none of them that wait on
thee shall be confounded.

24:4. Let all them be confounded that act unjust things without cause.
Shew, O Lord, thy ways to me, and teach me thy paths.

24:5. Direct me in thy truth, and teach me; for thou art God my
Saviour; and on thee have I waited all the day long.

24:6. Remember, O Lord, thy bowels of compassion; and thy mercies that
are from the beginning of the world.

24:7. The sins of my youth and my ignorances do not remember.  According
to thy mercy remember thou me:  for thy goodness' sake, O Lord.

24:8. The Lord is sweet and righteous:  therefore he will give a law to
sinners in the way.

24:9. He will guide the mild in judgment:  he will teach the meek his

24:10. All the ways of the Lord are mercy and truth, to them that seek
after his covenant and his testimonies.

24:11. For thy name's sake, O Lord, thou wilt pardon my sin:  for it is

24:12. Who is the man that feareth the Lord?  He hath appointed him a
law in the way he hath chosen.

24:13. His soul shall dwell in good things:  and his seed shall inherit
the land.

24:14. The Lord is a firmament to them that fear him:  and his covenant
shall be made manifest to them.

24:15. My eyes are ever towards the Lord:  for he shall pluck my feet
out of the snare.

24:16. Look thou upon me, and have mercy on me; for I am alone and

24:17. The troubles of my heart are multiplied:  deliver me from my

24:18. See my abjection and my labour; and forgive me all my sins.

24:19. Consider my enemies for they are multiplied, and have hated me
with an unjust hatred.

24:20. Deep thou my soul, and deliver me:  I shall not be ashamed, for I
have hoped in thee.

24:21. The innocent and the upright have adhered to me:  because I have
waited on thee.

24:22. Deliver Israel, O God, from all his tribulations.

Psalms Chapter 25

Judica me, Domine.

David's prayer to God in his distress, to be delivered, that he may
come to worship him in his tabernacle.

25:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.  Judge me, O Lord, for I have
walked in my innocence:  and I have put my trust in the Lord, and shall
not be weakened.

25:2. Prove me, O Lord, and try me; burn my reins and my heart.

25:3. For thy mercy is before my eyes; and I am well pleased with thy

25:4. I have not sat with the council of vanity:  neither will I go in
with the doers of unjust things.

25:5. I have hated the assembly of the malignant; and with the wicked I
will not sit.

25:6. I will wash my hands among the innocent; and will compass thy
altar, O Lord:

25:7. That I may hear the voice of thy praise:  and tell of all thy
wondrous works.

25:8. I have loved, O Lord, the beauty of thy house; and the place
where thy glory dwelleth.

25:9. Take not away my soul, O God, with the wicked:  nor my life with
bloody men:

25:10. In whose hands are iniquities:  their right hand is filled with

25:11. But as for me, I have walked in my innocence:  redeem me, and
have mercy on me.

25:12. My foot hath stood in the direct way:  in the churches I will
bless thee, O Lord.

Psalms Chapter 26

Dominus illuminatio.

David's faith and hope in God.

26:1. The psalm of David before he was anointed.  The Lord is my light
and my salvation, whom shall I fear?  The Lord is the protector of my
life:  of whom shall I be afraid?

26:2. Whilst the wicked draw near against me, to eat my flesh.  My
enemies that trouble me, have themselves been weakened, and have

26:3. If armies in camp should stand together against me, my heart
shall not fear.  If a battle should rise up against me, in this will I
be confident.

26:4. One thing I have asked of the Lord, this will I seek after; that
I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life.  That I
may see the delight of the Lord, and may visit his temple.

26:5. For he hath hidden me in his tabernacle; in the day of evils, he
hath protected me in the secret place of his tabernacle.

26:6. He hath exalted me upon a rock:  and now he hath lifted up my head
above my enemies.  I have gone round, and have offered up in his
tabernacle a sacrifice of jubilation:  I will sing, and recite a psalm
to the Lord.

26:7. Hear, O Lord, my voice, with which I have cried to thee:  have
mercy on me and hear me.

26:8. My heart hath said to thee:  My face hath sought thee:  thy face, O
Lord, will I still seek.

26:9. Turn not away thy face from me; decline not in thy wrath from thy
servant.  Be thou my helper, forsake me not; do not thou despise me, O
God my Saviour.

26:10. For my father and my mother have left me:  but the Lord hath
taken me up.

26:11. Set me, O Lord, a law in thy way, and guide me in the right
path, because of my enemies.

26:12. Deliver me not over to the will of them that trouble me; for
unjust witnesses have risen up against me; and iniquity hath lied to

26:13. I believe to see the good things of the Lord in the land of the

26:14. Expect the Lord, do manfully, and let thy heart take courage,
and wait thou for the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 27

Ad te, Domine, clamabo.

David's prayer that his enemies may not prevail over him.

27:1. A psalm for David himself.  Unto thee will I cry, O Lord:  O my
God, be not thou silent to me:  lest if thou be silent to me, I become
like them that go down into the pit.

27:2. Hear, O Lord, the voice of my supplication, when I pray to thee;
when I lift up my hands to thy holy temple.

27:3. Draw me not away together with the wicked; and with the workers
of iniquity destroy me not:  Who speak peace with their neighbour, but
evils are in their hearts.

27:4. Give them according to their works, and according to the
wickedness of their inventions.  According to the works of their hands
give thou to them:  render to them their reward.

27:5. Because they have not understood the works of the Lord, and the
operations of his hands:  thou shalt destroy them, and shalt not build
them up.

27:6. Blessed be the Lord, for he hath heard the voice of my

27:7. The Lord is my helper and my protector:  in him hath my heart
confided, and I have been helped.  And my flesh hath flourished again,
and with my will I will give praise to him.

27:8. The Lord is the strength of his people, and the protector of the
salvation of his anointed.

27:9. Save, O Lord, thy people, and bless thy inheritance:  and rule
them and exalt them for ever.

Psalms Chapter 28

Afferte Domino.

An invitation to glorify God, with a commemoration of his mighty works.

28:1. A psalm for David, at the finishing of the tabernacle.  Bring to
the Lord, O ye children of God:  bring to the Lord the offspring of

28:2. Bring to the Lord glory and honour:  bring to the Lord glory to
his name:  adore ye the Lord in his holy court.

28:3. The voice of the Lord is upon the waters; the God of majesty hath
thundered, The Lord is upon many waters.

28:4. The voice of the Lord is in power; the voice of the Lord in

28:5. The voice of the Lord breaketh the cedars:  yea, the Lord shall
break the cedars of Libanus.

28:6. And shall reduce them to pieces, as a calf of Libanus, and as the
beloved son of unicorns.

Shall reduce them to pieces, etc. . .In Hebrew, shall make them to skip
like a calf.  The psalmist here describes the effects of thunder (which
he calls the voice of the Lord) which sometimes breaks down the tallest
and strongest trees; and makes their broken branches skip, etc.  All
this is to be understood mystically of the powerful voice of God's word
in his church; which has broken the pride of the great ones of this
world, and brought many of them meekly and joyfully to submit their
necks to the sweet yoke of Christ.

28:7. The voice of the Lord divideth the flame of fire:

28:8. The voice of the Lord shaketh the desert:  and the Lord shall
shake the desert of Cades.

28:9. The voice of the Lord prepareth the stags:  and he will discover
the thick woods:  and in his temple all shall speak his glory.

28:10. The Lord maketh the flood to dwell:  and the Lord shall sit king
for ever.  The Lord will give strength to his people:  the Lord will
bless his people with peace.

Psalms Chapter 29

Exaltabo te, Domine.

David praiseth God for his deliverance, and his merciful dealings with

29:1. A psalm of a canticle, at the dedication of David's house.

29:2. I will extol thee, O Lord, for thou hast upheld me:  and hast not
made my enemies to rejoice over me.

29:3. O Lord my God, I have cried to thee, and thou hast healed me.

29:4. Thou hast brought forth, O Lord, my soul from hell:  thou hast
saved me from them that go down into the pit.

29:5. Sing to the Lord, O ye his saints:  and give praise to the memory
of his holiness.

29:6. For wrath is in his indignation; and life in his good will.  In
the evening weeping shall have place, and in the morning gladness.

29:7. And in my abundance I said:  I shall never be moved.

29:8. O Lord, in thy favour, thou gavest strength to my beauty.  Thou
turnedst away thy face from me, and I became troubled.

29:9. To thee, O Lord, will I cry:  and I will make supplication to my

29:10. What profit is there in my blood, whilst I go down to
corruption?  Shall dust confess to thee, or declare thy truth?

29:11. The Lord hath heard, and hath had mercy on me:  the Lord became
my helper.

29:12. Thou hast turned for me my mourning into joy:  thou hast cut my
sackcloth, and hast compassed me with gladness:

29:13. To the end that my glory may sing to thee, and I may not regret:
O Lord my God, I will give praise to thee for ever.

Psalms Chapter 30

In te, Domine, speravi.

A prayer of a just man under affliction.

30:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David, in an ecstasy.

30:2. In thee, O Lord, have I hoped, let me never be confounded:
deliver me in thy justice.

30:3. Bow down thy ear to me:  make haste to deliver me.  Be thou unto me
a God, a protector, and a house of refuge, to save me.

30:4. For thou art my strength and my refuge; and for thy name's sake
thou wilt lead me, and nourish me.

30:5. Thou wilt bring me out of this snare, which they have hidden for
me:  for thou art my protector.

30:6. Into thy hands I commend my spirit:  thou hast redeemed me, O
Lord, the God of truth.

30:7. Thou hast hated them that regard vanities, to no purpose.  But I
have hoped in the Lord:

30:8. I will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy.  For thou hast regarded
my humility, thou hast saved my soul out of distresses.

30:9. And thou hast not shut me up in the hands of the enemy:  thou hast
set my feet in a spacious place.

30:10. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I am afflicted:  my eye is troubled
with wrath, my soul, and my belly:

30:11. For my life is wasted with grief:  and my years in sighs.  My
strength is weakened through poverty and my bones are disturbed.

30:12. I am become a reproach among all my enemies, and very much to my
neighbours; and a fear to my acquaintance.  They that saw me without
fled from me.

30:13. I am forgotten as one dead from the heart.  I am become as a
vessel that is destroyed.

30:14. For I have heard the blame of many that dwell round about.  While
they assembled together against me, they consulted to take away my

30:15. But I have put my trust in thee, O Lord:  I said:  Thou art my

30:16. My lots are in thy hands.  Deliver me out of the hands of my
enemies; and from them that persecute me.

30:17. Make thy face to shine upon thy servant; save me in thy mercy.

30:18. Let me not be confounded, O Lord, for I have called upon thee.
Let the wicked be ashamed, and be brought down to hell.

30:19. Let deceitful lips be made dumb.  Which speak iniquity against
the just, with pride and abuse.

30:20. O how great is the multitude of thy sweetness, O Lord, which
thou hast hidden for them that fear thee!  Which thou hast wrought for
them that hope in thee, in the sight of the sons of men.

30:21. Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy face, from the
disturbance of men.  Thou shalt protect them in thy tabernacle from the
contradiction of tongues.

30:22. Blessed be the Lord, for he hath shewn his wonderful mercy to me
in a fortified city.

30:23. But I said in the excess of my mind:  I am cast away from before
thy eyes.  Therefore thou hast heard the voice of my prayer, when I
cried to thee.

30:24. O love the Lord, all ye his saints:  for the Lord will require
truth, and will repay them abundantly that act proudly.

30:25. Do ye manfully, and let your heart be strengthened, all ye that
hope in the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 31

Beati quorum.

The second penitential psalm.

31:1. To David himself, understanding.  Blessed are they whose
iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.

31:2. Blessed is the man to whom the Lord hath not imputed sin, and in
whose spirit there is no guile.

31:3. Because I was silent my bones grew old; whilst I cried out all
the day long.

Because I was silent, etc. . .That is, whilst I kept silence, by
concealing, or refusing to confess my sins, thy hand was heavy upon me,

31:4. For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me:  I am turned in my
anguish, whilst the thorn is fastened.

I am turned, etc. . .That is, I turn and roll about in my bed to seek
for ease in my pain whilst the thorn of thy justice pierces my flesh,
and sticks fast in me.  Or, I am turned:  that is, I am converted to
thee, my God, by being brought to a better understanding by thy
chastisements.  In the Hebrew it is, my moisture is turned into the
droughts of the summer.

31:5. I have acknowledged my sin to thee, and my injustice I have not
concealed.  I said I will confess against my self my injustice to the
Lord:  and thou hast forgiven the wickedness of my sin.

31:6. For this shall every one that is holy pray to thee in a
seasonable time.  And yet in a flood of many waters, they shall not come
nigh unto him.

31:7. Thou art my refuge from the trouble which hath encompassed me:  my
joy, deliver me from them that surround me.

31:8. I will give thee understanding, and I will instruct thee in this
way, in which thou shalt go:  I will fix my eyes upon thee.

31:9. Do not become like the horse and the mule, who have no
understanding.  With bit and bridle bind fast their jaws, who come not
near unto thee.

31:10. Many are the scourges of the sinner, but mercy shall encompass
him that hopeth in the Lord.

31:11. Be glad in the Lord, and rejoice, ye just, and glory, all ye
right of heart.

Psalms Chapter 32

Exultate, justi.

An exhortation to praise God, and to trust in him.

32:1. A psalm for David.  Rejoice in the Lord, O ye just:  praise
becometh the upright.

32:2. Give praise to the Lord on the harp; sing to him with the
psaltery, the instrument of ten strings.

32:3. Sing to him a new canticle, sing well unto him with a loud noise.

32:4. For the word of the Lord is right, and all his works are done
with faithfulness.

32:5. He loveth mercy and judgment; the earth is full of the mercy of
the Lord.

32:6. By the word of the Lord the heavens were established; and all the
power of them by the spirit of his mouth:

32:7. Gathering together the waters of the sea, as in a vessel; laying
up the depths in storehouses.

32:8. Let all the earth fear the Lord, and let all the inhabitants of
the world be in awe of him.

32:9. For he spoke and they were made:  he commanded and they were

32:10. The Lord bringeth to nought the counsels of nations; and he
rejecteth the devices of people, and casteth away the counsels of

32:11. But the counsel of the Lord standeth for ever:  the thoughts of
his heart to all generations.

32:12. Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord:  the people whom he
hath chosen for his inheritance.

32:13. The Lord hath looked from heaven:  he hath beheld all the sons of

32:14. From his habitation which he hath prepared, he hath looked upon
all that dwell on the earth.

32:15. He who hath made the hearts of every one of them:  who
understandeth all their works.

32:16. The king is not saved by a great army:  nor shall the giant be
saved by his own great strength.

32:17. Vain is the horse for safety:  neither shall he be saved by the
abundance of his strength.

32:18. Behold the eyes of the Lord are on them that fear him:  and on
them that hope in his mercy.

32:19. To deliver their souls from death; and feed them in famine.

32:20. Our soul waiteth for the Lord:  for he is our helper and

32:21. For in him our heart shall rejoice:  and in his holy name we have

32:22. Let thy mercy, O Lord, be upon us, as we have hooped in thee.

Psalms Chapter 33

Benedicam Dominum.

An exhortation to the praise, and service of God.

33:1. For David, when he changed his countenance before Achimelech, who
dismissed him, and he went his way.  [1 Kings 21.]

33:2. I will bless the Lord at all times, his praise shall be always in
my mouth.

33:3. In the Lord shall my soul be praised:  let the meek hear and

33:4. O magnify the Lord with me; and let us extol his name together.

33:5. I sought the Lord, and he heard me; and he delivered me from all
my troubles.

33:6. Come ye to him and be enlightened:  and your faces shall not be

33:7. This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him:  and saved him out of
all his troubles.

33:8. The angel of the Lord shall encamp round about them that fear
him:  and shall deliver them.

33:9. O taste, and see that the Lord is sweet:  blessed is the man that
hopeth in him.

33:10. Fear the Lord, all ye his saints:  for there is no want to them
that fear him.

33:11. The rich have wanted, and have suffered hunger:  but they that
seek the Lord shall not be deprived of any good.

33:12. Come, children, hearken to me:  I will teach you the fear of the

33:13. Who is the man that desireth life:  who liveth to see good days?

33:14. Keep thy tongue form evil, and thy lips from speaking guile.

33:15. Turn away from evil and do good:  seek after peace and pursue it.

33:16. The eyes of the Lord are upon the just:  and his ears unto their

33:17. But the countenance of the Lord is against them that do evil
things:  to cut off the remembrance of them from the earth.

33:18. The just cried, and the Lord heard them:  and delivered them out
of all their troubles.

33:19. The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite heart:  and he
will save the humble of spirit.

33:20. Many are the afflictions of the just; but out of them all will
the Lord deliver them.

33:21. The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a contrite heart:  and he
will save the humble of spirit.

33:22. The death of the wicked is very evil:  and they that hate the
just shall be guilty.

33:23. The Lord will redeem the souls of his servants:  and none of them
that trust in him shall offend.

Psalms Chapter 34

Judica, Domine, nocentes me.

David, in the person of Christ, prayeth against his persecutors:
prophetically foreshewing the punishments that shall fall upon them.

34:1. For David himself.  Judge thou, O Lord, them that wrong me:
overthrow them that fight against me.

34:2. Take hold of arms and shield:  and rise up to help me.

34:3. Bring out the sword, and shut up the way against them that
persecute me:  say to my soul:  I am thy salvation.

34:4. Let them be confounded and ashamed that seek after my soul.  Let
them be turned back and be confounded that devise evil against me.

34:5. Let them become as dust before the wind:  and let the angel of the
Lord straiten them.

34:6. Let their way become dark and slippery; and let the angel of the
Lord pursue them.

34:7. For without cause they have hidden their net for me unto
destruction:  without cause they have upbraided my soul.

34:8. Let the snare which he knoweth not come upon him:  and let the net
which he hath hidden catch him:  and into that very snare let them fall.

34:9. But my soul shall rejoice in the Lord; and shall be delighted in
his salvation.

34:10. All my bones shall say:  Lord, who is like to thee?  Who
deliverest the poor from the hand of them that are stronger than he;
the needy and the poor from them that strip him.

34:11. Unjust witnesses rising up have asked me things I knew not.

34:12. They repaid me evil for good:  to the depriving me of my soul.

34:13. But as for me, when they were troublesome to me, I was clothed
with haircloth.  I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer shall be
turned into my bosom.

34:14. As a neighbour and as an own brother, so did I please:  as one
mourning and sorrowful so was I humbled.

34:15. But they rejoiced against me, and came together:  scourges were
gathered together upon me, and I knew not.

34:16. They were separated, and repented not:  they tempted me, they
scoffed at me with scorn:  they gnashed upon me with their teeth.

34:17. Lord, when wilt thou look upon me?  rescue thou my soul from
their malice:  my only one from the lions.

34:18. I will give thanks to thee in a great church; I will praise thee
in a strong people.

34:19. Let not them that are my enemies wrongfully rejoice over me:  who
have hated me without cause, and wink with the eyes.

34:20. For they spoke indeed peaceably to me; and speaking in the anger
of the earth they devised guile.

34:21. And they opened their mouth wide against me; they said:  Well
done, well done, our eyes have seen it.

34:22. Thou hast seen, O Lord, be not thou silent:  O Lord, depart not
from me.

34:23. Arise, and be attentive to my judgment:  to my cause, my God, and
my Lord.

34:24. Judge me, O Lord my God according to thy justice, and let them
not rejoice over me.

34:25. Let them not say in their hearts:  It is well, it is well, to our
mind:  neither let them say:  We have swallowed him up.

34:26. Let them blush:  and be ashamed together, who rejoice at my
evils.  Let them be clothed with confusion and shame, who speak great
things against me.

34:27. Let them rejoice and be glad, who are well pleased with my
justice, and let them say always:  The Lord be magnified, who delights
in the peace of his servant.

34:28. And my tongue shall meditate thy justice, thy praise all the day

Psalms Chapter 35

Dixit injustus.

The malice of sinners, and the goodness of God.

35:1. Unto the end, for the servant of God, David himself.

35:2. The unjust hath said within himself, that he would sin:  there is
no fear of God before his eyes.

35:3. For in his sight he hath done deceitfully, that his iniquity may
be found unto hatred.

Unto hatred. . .That is, hateful to God.

35:4. The words of his mouth are iniquity and guile:  he would not
understand that he might do well.

35:5. He hath devised iniquity on his bed, he hath set himself on every
way that is not good:  but evil he hath not hated.

35:6. O Lord, thy mercy is in heaven, and thy truth reacheth even to
the clouds.

35:7. Thy justice is as the mountains of God, thy judgments are a great
deep.  Men and beasts thou wilt preserve, O Lord:

35:8. O how hast thou multiplied thy mercy, O God!  But the children of
men shall put their trust under the covert of thy wings.

35:9. They shall be inebriated with the plenty of thy house; and thou
shalt make them drink of the torrent of thy pleasure.

35:10. For with thee is the fountain of life; and in thy light we shall
see light.

35:11. Extend thy mercy to them that know thee, and thy justice to them
that are right in heart.

35:12. Let not the foot of pride come to me, and let not the hand of
the sinner move me.

35:13. There the workers of iniquity are fallen, they are cast out, and
could not stand.

Psalms Chapter 36

Noli aemulari.

An exhortation to despise this world; and the short prosperity of the
wicked; and to trust in Providence.

36:1. Be not emulous of evildoers; nor envy them that work iniquity.

36:2. For they shall shortly wither away as grass, and as the green
herbs shall quickly fall.

36:3. Trust in the Lord, and do good, and dwell in the land, and thou
shalt be fed with its riches.

36:4. Delight in the Lord, and he will give thee the requests of thy

36:5. Commit thy way to the Lord, and trust in him, and he will do it.

36:6. And he will bring forth thy justice as the light, and thy
judgment as the noonday.

36:7. Be subject to the Lord and pray to him.  Envy not the man who
prospereth in his way; the man who doth unjust things.

36:8. Cease from anger, and leave rage; have no emulation to do evil.

36:9. For evildoers shall be cut off:  but they that wait upon the Lord,
they shall inherit the land.

36:10. For yet a little while, and the wicked shall not be:  and thou
shalt seek his place, and shalt not find it.

36:11. But the meek shall inherit the land, and shall delight in
abundance of peace.

36:12. The sinner shall watch the just man:  and shall gnash upon him
with his teeth.

36:13. But the Lord shall laugh at him:  for he foreseeth that his day
shall come.

36:14. The wicked have drawn out the sword:  they have bent their bow.
To cast down the poor and needy, to kill the upright of heart.

36:15. Let their sword enter into their own hearts, and let their bow
be broken.

36:16. Better is a little to the just, than the great riches of the

36:17. For the arms of the wicked shall be broken in pieces; but the
Lord strengtheneth the just.

36:18. The Lord knoweth the days of the undefiled; and their
inheritance shall be for ever.

36:19. They shall not be confounded in the evil time; and in the days
of famine they shall be filled:

36:20. Because the wicked shall perish.  And the enemies of the Lord,
presently after they shall be honoured and exalted, shall come to
nothing and vanish like smoke.

36:21. The sinner shall borrow, and not pay again; but the just sheweth
mercy and shall give.

36:22. For such as bless him shall inherit the land:  but such as curse
him shall perish.

36:23. With the Lord shall the steps of a man be directed, and he shall
like well his way.

36:24. When he shall fall he shall not be bruised, for the Lord putteth
his hand under him.

36:25. I have been young and now am old; and I have not seen the just
forsaken, nor his seed seeking bread.

36:26. He sheweth mercy, and lendeth all the day long; and his seed
shall be in blessing.

36:27. Decline from evil and do good, and dwell for ever and ever.

36:28. For the Lord loveth judgment, and will not forsake his saints:
they shall be preserved for ever.  The unjust shall be punished, and the
seed of the wicked shall perish.

36:29. But the just shall inherit the land, and shall dwell therein for

36:30. The mouth of the just shall meditate wisdom:  and his tongue
shall speak judgment.

36:31. The law of his God is in his heart, and his steps shall not be

36:32. The wicked watcheth the just man, and seeketh to put him to

36:33. But the Lord will not leave him in his hands; nor condemn him
when he shall be judged.

36:34. Expect the Lord and keep his way:  and he will exalt thee to
inherit the land:  when the sinners shall perish thou shalt see.

36:35. I have seen the wicked highly exalted, and lifted up like the
cedars of Libanus.

36:36. And I passed by, and lo, he was not:  and I sought him and his
place was not found.

36:37. Keep innocence, and behold justice:  for there are remnants for
the peaceable man.

36:38. But the unjust shall be destroyed together:  the remnants of the
wicked shall perish.

36:39. But the salvation of the just is from the Lord, and he is their
protector in the time of trouble.

36:40. And the Lord will help them and deliver them:  and he will rescue
them from the wicked, and save them because they have hoped in him.

Psalms Chapter 37

Domine, ne in furore.

A prayer of a penitent for the remission of his sins.  The third
penitential psalm.

37:1. A psalm for David, for a remembrance of the sabbath.

For a remembrance. . .Viz., of our miseries and sins:  and to be sung on
the sabbath day.

37:2. Rebuke me not, O Lord, in thy indignation; nor chastise me in thy

37:3. For thy arrows are fastened in me:  and thy hand hath been strong
upon me.

37:4. There is no health in my flesh, because of thy wrath:  there is no
peace for my bones, because of my sins.

37:5. For my iniquities are gone over my head:  and as a heavy burden
are become heavy upon me.

37:6. My sores are putrified and corrupted, because of my foolishness.

37:7. I am become miserable, and am bowed down even to the end:  I
walked sorrowful all the day long.

37:8. For my loins are filled with illusions; and there is no health in
my flesh.

37:9. I am afflicted and humbled exceedingly:  I roared with the
groaning of my heart.

37:10. Lord, all my desire is before thee, and my groaning is not
hidden from thee.

37:11. My heart is troubled, my strength hath left me, and the light of
my eyes itself is not with me.

37:12. My friends and my neighbours have drawn near, and stood against
me.  And they that were near me stood afar off:

37:13. And they that sought my soul used violence.  And they that sought
evils to me spoke vain things, and studied deceits all the day long.

37:14. But I, as a deaf man, heard not:  and as a dumb man not opening
his mouth.

37:15. And I became as a man that heareth not:  and that hath no
reproofs in his mouth.

37:16. For in thee, O Lord, have I hoped:  thou wilt hear me, O Lord my

37:17. For I said:  Lest at any time my enemies rejoice over me:  and
whilst my feet are moved, they speak great things against me.

37:18. For I am ready for scourges:  and my sorrow is continually before

37:19. For I will declare my iniquity:  and I will think for my sin.

37:20. But my enemies live, and are stronger than I:  and they that hate
me wrongfully are multiplied.

37:21. They that render evil for good, have detracted me, because I
followed goodness.

37:22. For sake me not, O Lord my God:  do not thou depart from me.

37:23. Attend unto my help, O Lord, the God of my salvation.

Psalms Chapter 38

Dixi custodiam.

A just man's peace and patience in his sufferings; considering the
vanity of the world, and the providence of God.

38:1. Unto the end, for Idithun himself, a canticle of David.

38:2. I said:  I will take heed to my ways:  that I sin not with my
tongue.  I have set a guard to my mouth, when the sinner stood against

38:3. I was dumb, and was humbled, and kept silence from good things:
and my sorrow was renewed.

38:4. My heart grew hot within me:  and in my meditation a fire shall
flame out.

38:5. I spoke with my tongue:  O Lord, make me know my end.  And what is
the number of my days:  that I may know what is wanting to me.

38:6. Behold thou hast made my days measurable.  and my substance is as
nothing before thee.  And indeed all things are vanity:  every man

38:7. Surely man passeth as an image:  yea, and he is disquieted in
vain.  He storeth up:  and he knoweth not for whom he shall gather these

38:8. And now what is my hope?  is it not the Lord?  and my substance is
with thee.

38:9. Deliver thou me from all my iniquities:  thou hast made me a
reproach to the fool.

38:10. I was dumb, and I opened not my mouth, because thou hast done

38:11. Remove thy scourges from me.  The strength of thy hand hath made
me faint in rebukes:

38:12. Thou hast corrected man for iniquity.  And thou hast made his
soul to waste away like a spider:  surely in vain is any man disquieted.

38:13. Hear my prayer, O Lord, and my supplication:  give ear to my
tears.  Be no silent:  for I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner as
all my fathers were.

38:14. O forgive me, that I may be refreshed, before I go hence, and be
no more.

Psalms Chapter 39

Expectans expectavi.

Christ's coming, and redeeming mankind.

39:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David himself.

39:2. With expectation I have waited for the Lord, and he was attentive
to me.

39:3. And he heard my prayers, and brought me out of the pit of misery
and the mire of dregs.  And he set my feet upon a rock, and directed my

39:4. And he put a new canticle into my mouth, a song to our God.  Many
shall see, and shall fear:  and they shall hope in the Lord.

39:5. Blessed is the man whose trust is in the name of the Lord; and
who hath not had regard to vanities, and lying follies.

39:6. Thou hast multiplied thy wonderful works, O Lord my God:  and in
thy thoughts there is no one like to thee.  I have declared and I have
spoken they are multiplied above number.

39:7. Sacrifice and oblation thou didst not desire; but thou hast
pierced ears for me.  Burnt offering and sin offering thou didst not

39:8. Then said I, Behold I come.  In the head of the book it is written
of me

39:9. That I should do thy will:  O my God, I have desired it, and thy
law in the midst of my heart.

39:10. I have declared thy justice in a great church, lo, I will not
restrain my lips:  O Lord, thou knowest it.

39:11. I have not hid thy justice within my heart:  I have declared thy
truth and thy salvation.  I have not concealed thy mercy and thy truth
from a great council.

39:12. Withhold not thou, O Lord, thy tender mercies from me:  thy mercy
and thy truth have always upheld me.

39:13. For evils without number have surrounded me; my iniquities have
overtaken me, and I was not able to see.  They are multiplied above the
hairs of my head:  and my heart hath forsaken me.

My iniquities. . .That is, the sins of all mankind, which I have taken
upon me.

39:14. Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me.  look down, O Lord, to help

39:15. Let them be confounded and ashamed together, that seek after my
soul to take it away.  Let them be turned backward and be ashamed that
desire evils to me.

39:16. Let them immediately bear their confusion, that say to me:  'T is
well, t' is well.

'T is well. . .The Hebrew here is an interjection of insult and
derision, like the Vah.  Matt. 27.49.

39:17. Let all that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee:  and let such
as love thy salvation say always:  The Lord be magnified.

39:18. But I am a beggar and poor:  the Lord is careful for me.  Thou art
my helper and my protector:  O my God, be not slack.

Psalms Chapter 40

Beatus qui intelligit.

The happiness of him that shall believe in Christ; notwithstanding the
humility and poverty in which he shall come:  the malice of his enemies,
especially of the traitor Judas.

40:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David himself.

40:2. Blessed is he that understandeth concerning the needy and the
poor:  the Lord will deliver him in the evil day.

40:3. The Lord preserve him and give him life, and make him blessed
upon the earth:  and deliver him not up to the will of his enemies.

40:4. The Lord help him on his bed of sorrow:  thou hast turned all his
couch in his sickness.

40:5. I said:  O Lord, be thou merciful to me:  heal my soul, for I have
sinned against thee.

40:6. My enemies have spoken evils against me:  when shall he die and
his name perish?

40:7. And if he came in to see me, he spoke vain things:  his heart
gathered together iniquity to itself.  He went out and spoke to the same

40:8. All my enemies whispered together against me:  they devised evils
to me.

40:9. They determined against me an unjust word:  shall he that sleepeth
rise again no more?

40:10. For even the man of my peace, in whom I trusted, who ate my
bread, hath greatly supplanted me.

40:11. But thou, O Lord, have mercy on me, and raise my up again:  and I
will requite them.

40:12. By this I know, that thou hast had a good will for me:  because
my enemy shall not rejoice over me.

40:13. But thou hast upheld me by reason of my innocence:  and hast
established me in thy sight for ever.

40:14. Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel from eternity to eternity.
So be it.  So be it.

Psalms Chapter 41

Quemadmodum desiderat.

The fervent desire of the just after God:  hope in afflictions.

41:1. Unto the end, understanding for the sons of Core.

41:2. As the hart panteth after the fountains of water; so my soul
panteth after thee, O God.

41:3. My soul hath thirsted after the strong living God; when shall I
come and appear before the face of God?

41:4. My tears have been my bread day and night, whilst it is said to
me daily:  Where is thy God?

41:5. These things I remembered, and poured out my soul in me:  for I
shall go over into the place of the wonderful tabernacle, even to the
house of God:  With the voice of joy and praise; the noise of one

41:6. Why art thou sad, O my soul?  and why dost thou trouble me?  Hope
in God, for I will still give praise to him:  the salvation of my

41:7. And my God.  My soul is troubled within my self:  therefore will I
remember thee from the land of Jordan and Hermoniim, from the little

41:8. Deep calleth on deep, at the noise of thy flood-gates.  All thy
heights and thy billows have passed over me.

41:9. In the daytime the Lord hath commanded his mercy; and a canticle
to him in the night.  With me is prayer to the God of my life.

41:10. I will say to God:  Thou art my support.  Why hast thou forgotten
me?  and why go I mourning, whilst my enemy afflicteth me?

41:11. Whilst my bones are broken, my enemies who trouble me have
reproached me; Whilst they say to me day by day:  Where is thy God?

41:12. Why art thou cast down, O my soul?  and why dost thou disquiet
me?  Hope thou in God, for I will still give praise to him:  the
salvation of my countenance, and my God.

Psalms Chapter 42

Judica me, Deus.

The prophet aspireth after the temple and altar of God.

42:1. A psalm for David.  Judge me, O God, and distinguish my cause from
the nation that is not holy:  deliver me from the unjust and deceitful

42:2. For thou art God my strength:  why hast thou cast me off?  and why
do I go sorrowful whilst the enemy afflicteth me?

42:3. Sent forth thy light and thy truth:  they have conducted me, and
brought me unto thy holy hill, and into thy tabernacles.

42:4. And I will go in to the altar of God:  to God who giveth joy to my

42:5. To thee, O God my God, I will give praise upon the harp:  why art
thou sad, O my soul?  and why dost thou disquiet me?

42:6. Hope in God, for I will still give praise to him:  the salvation
of my countenance, and my God.

Psalms Chapter 43

Deus auribus nostris.

The church commemorates former favours, and present afflictions; under
which she prays for succour.

43:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, to give understanding.

43:2. We have heard, O God, with our ears:  our fathers have declared to
us, The work thou hast wrought in their days, and in the days of old.

43:3. Thy hand destroyed the Gentiles, and thou plantedst them:  thou
didst afflict the people and cast them out.

43:4. For they got not the possession of the land by their own sword:
neither did their own arm save them.  But thy right hand and thy arm,
and the light of thy countenance:  because thou wast pleased with them.

43:5. Thou art thyself my king and my God, who commandest the saving of

43:6. Through thee we will push down our enemies with the horn:  and
through thy name we will despise them that rise up against us.

43:7. For I will not trust in my bow:  neither shall my sword save me.

43:8. But thou hast saved us from them that afflict us:  and hast put
them to shame that hate us.

43:9. In God shall we glory all the day long:  and in thy name we will
give praise for ever.

43:10. But now thou hast cast us off, and put us to shame:  and thou , O
God, wilt not go out with our armies.

43:11. Thou hast made us turn our back to our enemies:  and they that
hated us plundered for themselves.

43:12. Thou hast given us up like sheep to be eaten:  thou hast
scattered us among the nations.

43:13. Thou hast sold thy people for no price:  and there was no
reckoning in the exchange of them.

43:14. Thou hast made us a reproach to our neighbours, a scoff and
derision to them that are round about us.

43:15. Thou hast made us a byword among the Gentiles:  a shaking of the
head among the people.

43:16. All the day long my shame is before me:  and the confusion of my
face hath covered me,

43:17. At the voice of him that reproacheth and detracteth me:  at the
face of the enemy and persecutor.

43:18. All these things have come upon us, yet we have not forgotten
thee:  and we have not done wickedly in thy covenant.

43:19. And our heart hath not turned back:  neither hast thou turned
aside our steps from thy way.

43:20. For thou hast humbled us in the place of affliction:  and the
shadow of death hath covered us.

43:21. If we have forgotten the name of our God, and if we have spread
forth our hands to a strange god:

43:22. Shall not God search out these things:  for he knoweth the
secrets of the heart.  Because for thy sake we are killed all the day
long:  we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.

43:23. Arise, why sleepest thou, O Lord?  arise, and cast us not off to
the end.

43:24. Why turnest thou thy face away?  and forgettest our want and our

43:25. For our soul is humbled down to the dust:  our belly cleaveth to
the earth.

43:26. Arise, O Lord, help us and redeem us for thy name's sake.

Psalms Chapter 44

Eructavit cor meum.

The excellence of Christ's kingdom, and the endowments of his church.

44:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the sons of
Core, for understanding.  A canticle for the Beloved.

For them that shall be changed. . .i.e., for souls happily changed, by
being converted to God.--Ibid.  The Beloved. . .Viz., Our Lord Jesus

44:2. My heart hath uttered a good word:  I speak my works to the king:
My tongue is the pen of a scrivener that writeth swiftly.

44:3. Thou art beautiful above the sons of men:  grace is poured abroad
in thy lips; therefore hath God blessed thee for ever.

44:4. Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O thou most mighty.

44:5. With thy comeliness and thy beauty set out, proceed prosperously,
and reign.  Because of truth and meekness and justice:  and thy right
hand shall conduct thee wonderfully.

44:6. Thy arrows are sharp:  under thee shall people fall, into the
hearts of the king's enemies.

44:7. Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever:  the sceptre of thy
kingdom is a sceptre of uprightness.

44:8. Thou hast loved justice, and hated iniquity:  therefore God, thy
God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

44:9. Myrrh and stacte and cassia perfume thy garments, from the ivory
houses:  out of which

44:10. The daughters of kings have delighted thee in thy glory.  The
queen stood on thy right hand, in gilded clothing; surrounded with

44:11. Hearken, O daughter, and see, and incline thy ear:  and forget
thy people and thy father's house.

44:12. And the king shall greatly desire thy beauty; for he is the Lord
thy God, and him they shall adore.

44:13. And the daughters of Tyre with gifts, yea, all the rich among
the people, shall entreat thy countenance.

44:14. All the glory of the king's daughter is within in golden

44:15. Clothed round about with varieties.  After her shall virgins be
brought to the king:  her neighbours shall be brought to thee.

44:16. They shall be brought with gladness and rejoicing:  they shall be
brought into the temple of the king.

44:17. Instead of thy fathers, sons are born to thee:  thou shalt make
them princes over all the earth.

44:18. They shall remember thy name throughout all generations.
Therefore shall people praise thee for ever; yea, for ever and ever.

Psalms Chapter 45

Deus noster refugium.

The church in persecution trusteth in the protection of God.

45:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, for the hidden.

45:2. Our God is our refuge and strength:  a helper in troubles, which
have found us exceedingly.

45:3. Therefore we will not fear, when the earth shall be troubled; and
the mountains shall be removed into the heart of the sea.

45:4. Their waters roared and were troubled:  the mountains were
troubled with his strength.

45:5. The stream of the river maketh the city of God joyful:  the most
High hath sanctified his own tabernacle.

45:6. God is in the midst thereof, it shall not be moved:  God will help
it in the morning early.

45:7. Nations were troubled, and kingdoms were bowed down:  he uttered
his voice, the earth trembled.

45:8. The Lord of armies is with us:  the God of Jacob is our protector.

45:9. Come and behold ye the works of the Lord:  what wonders he hath
done upon earth,

45:10. Making wars to cease even to the end of the earth.  He shall
destroy the bow, and break the weapons:  and the shield he shall burn in
the fire.

45:11. Be still and see that I am God; I will be exalted among the
nations, and I will be exalted in the earth.

45:12. The Lord of armies is with us:  the God of Jacob is our

Psalms Chapter 46

Omnes gentes, plaudite.

The Gentiles are invited to praise God for the establishment of the
kingdom of Christ.

46:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core.

46:2. O clap your hands, all ye nations:  shout unto God with the voice
of joy,

46:3. For the Lord is high, terrible:  a great king over all the earth.

46:4. He hath subdued the people under us; and the nations under our

46:5. He hath chosen for us his inheritance, the beauty of Jacob which
he hath love.

46:6. God is ascended with jubilee, and the Lord with the sound of

46:7. Sing praises to our God, sing ye:  sing praises to our king, sing

46:8. For God is the king of all the earth:  sing ye wisely.

46:9. God shall reign over the nations:  God sitteth on his holy throne.

46:10. The princes of the people are gathered together, with the God of
Abraham:  for the strong gods of the earth are exceedingly exalted.

Psalms Chapter 47

Magnus Dominus.

God is greatly to be praised for the establishment of his church.

47:1. A psalm of a canticle, for the sons of Core, on the second day of
the week.

47:2. Great is the Lord, and exceedingly to be praised in the city of
our God, in his holy mountain.

47:3. With the joy of the whole earth is mount Sion founded, on the
sides of the north, the city of the great king.

47:4. In her houses shall God be known, when he shall protect her.

47:5. For behold the kings of the earth assembled themselves:  they
gathered together.

47:6. So they saw, and they wondered, they were troubled, they were

47:7. Trembling took hold of them.  There were pains as of a woman in

47:8. With a vehement wind thou shalt break in pieces the ships of

47:9. As we have heard, so have we seen, in the city of the Lord of
hosts, in the city of our God:  God hath founded it for ever.

47:10. We have received thy mercy, O God, in the midst of thy temple.

47:11. According to thy name, O God, so also is thy praise unto the
ends of the earth:  thy right hand is full of justice.

47:12. Let mount Sion rejoice, and the daughters of Juda be glad;
because of thy judgments, O Lord.

47:13. Surround Sion, and encompass her:  tell lye in her towers.

47:14. Set your hearts on her strength; and distribute her houses, that
ye may relate it in another generation.

47:15. For this is God, our God unto eternity, and for ever and ever:
he shall rule us for evermore.

Psalms Chapter 48

Audite haec, omnes gentes.

The folly of worldlings, who live on in sin, without thinking of death
or hell.

48:1. Unto the end, a psalm for the sons of Core.

48:2. Hear these things, all ye nations:  give ear, all ye inhabitants
of the world.

48:3. All you that are earthborn, and you sons of men:  both rich and
poor together.

48:4. My mouth shall speak wisdom:  and the meditation of my heart

48:5. I will incline my ear to a parable; I will open my proposition on
the psaltery.

48:6. Why shall I fear in the evil day?  the iniquity of my heel shall
encompass me.

The iniquity of my heel. . .That is, the iniquity of my steps or ways:
or the iniquity of my pride, with which as with the heel, I have
spurned and kicked at my neighbours:  or the iniquity of my heel, that
is, the iniquity in which I shall be found in death.  The meaning of
this verse is, Why should I now indulge those passions and sinful
affections, or commit now those sins, which will cause me so much fear
and anguish in the evil day; when the sorrows of death shall compass
me, and the perils of hell shall find me?

48:7. They that trust in their own strength, and glory in the multitude
of their riches,

They that trust, etc. . .As much as to say, let them fear that trust in
their strength or riches:  for they have great reason to fear:  seeing no
brother or other man, how much a friend soever, can by any price or
labour rescue them from death.

48:8. No brother can redeem, nor shall man redeem:  he shall not give to
God his ransom,

48:9. Nor the price of the redemption of his soul:  and shall labour for

And shall labour for ever, etc. . .This seems to be a continuation of
the foregoing sentence:  as much as to say no man can by any price or
ransom prolong his life, that so he may still continue to labour here,
and live to the end of the world.  Others understand it of the eternal
sorrows, and dying life of hell, which is the dreadful consequence of
dying in sin.

48:10. And shall still live unto the end.

48:11. He shall not see destruction, when he shall see the wise dying:
the senseless and the fool shall perish together:  And they shall leave
their riches to strangers:

He shall not see destruction, etc. . .Or, shall he not see destruction?
As much as to say, however thoughtless he may be of his death, he must
not expect to escape; when even the wise and the good are not exempt
from dying.

48:12. And their sepulchres shall be their houses for ever.  Their
dwelling places to all generations:  they have called their lands by
their names.

They have called, etc. . .That is, they have left their names on their
graves, which alone remain of their lands.

48:13. And man when he was in honour did not understand; he is compared
to senseless beasts, and is become like to them.

48:14. This way of theirs is a stumblingblock to them:  and afterwards
they shall delight in their mouth.

They shall delight in their mouth. . .Notwithstanding the wretched way
in which they walk, they shall applaud themselves with their mouths,
and glory in their doings.

48:15. They are laid in hell like sheep:  death shall feed upon them.
And the just shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their
help shall decay in hell from their glory.

In the morning. . .That is, in the resurrection to a new life; when the
just shall judge and condemn the wicked.  Ibid.  From their
glory. . .That is, when their short-lived glory in this world shall be
past, and be no more.

48:16. But God will redeem my soul from the hand of hell, when he shall
receive me.

48:17. Be not thou afraid, when a man shall be made rick, and when the
glory of his house shall be increased.

48:18. For when he shall die he shall take nothing away; nor shall his
glory descend with him.

48:19. For in his lifetime his soul will be blessed:  and he will praise
thee when thou shalt do well to him.

48:20. He shall go in to the generations of his fathers:  and he shall
never see light.

48:21. Man when he was in honour did not understand:  he hath been
compared to senseless beasts, and made like to them.

Psalms Chapter 49

Deus deorum.

The coming of Christ:  who prefers virtue and inward purity before the
blood of victims.

49:1. A psalm for Asaph.  The God of gods, the Lord hath spoken:  and he
hath called the earth.  From the rising of the sun, to the going down

49:2. Out of Sion the loveliness of his beauty.

49:3. God shall come manifestly:  our God shall come, and shall not keep
silence.  A fire shall burn before him:  and a mighty tempest shall be
round about him.

49:4. He shall call heaven from above, and the earth, to judge his

49:5. Gather ye together his saints to him:  who set his covenant before

49:6. And the heavens shall declare his justice:  for God is judge.

49:7. Hear, O my people, and I will speak:  O Israel, and I will testify
to thee:  I am God, thy God.

49:8. I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices:  and thy burnt
offerings are always in my sight.

49:9. I will not take calves out of thy house:  nor he goats out of thy

49:10. For all the beasts of the woods are mine:  the cattle on the
hills, and the oxen.

49:11. I know all the fowls of the air:  and with me is the beauty of
the field.

49:12. If I should be hungry, I would not tell thee:  for the world is
mine, and the fulness thereof.

49:13. Shall I eat the flesh of bullocks?  or shall I drink the blood of

49:14. Offer to God the sacrifice of praise:  and pay thy vows to the
most High.

49:15. And call upon me in the day of trouble:  I will deliver thee, and
thou shalt glorify me.

49:16. But to the sinner God hath said:  Why dost thou declare my
justices, and take my covenant in thy mouth?

49:17. Seeing thou hast hated discipline:  and hast cast my words behind

49:18. If thou didst see a thief thou didst run with him:  and with
adulterers thou hast been a partaker.

49:19. Thy mouth hath abounded with evil, and thy tongue framed

49:20. Sitting thou didst speak against thy brother, and didst lay a
scandal against thy mother's son:

49:21. These things hast thou done, and I was silent.  Thou thoughtest
unjustly that I should be like to thee:  but I will reprove thee, and
set before thy face.

49:22. Understand these things, you that forget God; lest he snatch you
away, and there be none to deliver you.

49:23. The sacrifice of praise shall glorify me:  and there is the way
by which I will shew him the salvation of God.

Psalms Chapter 50


The repentance and confession of David after his sin.  The fourth
penitential psalm.

50:1. Unto the end, a psalm of David,

50:2. When Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had sinned with
Bethsabee.  [2 Kings 12.]

50:3. Have mercy on me, O God, according to thy great mercy.  And
according to the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my iniquity.

50:4. Wash me yet more from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.

50:5. For I know my iniquity, and my sin is always before me.

50:6. To thee only have I sinned, and have done evil before thee:  that
thou mayst be justified in thy words, and mayst overcome when thou art

50:7. For behold I was conceived in iniquities; and in sins did my
mother conceive me.

50:8. For behold thou hast loved truth:  the uncertain and hidden things
of thy wisdom thou hast made manifest to me.

50:9. Thou shalt sprinkle me with hyssop, and I shall be cleansed:  thou
shalt wash me, and I shall be made whiter than snow.

50:10. To my hearing thou shalt give joy and gladness:  and the bones
that have been humbled shall rejoice.

50:11. Turn away thy face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities.

50:12. Create a clean heart in me, O God:  and renew a right spirit
within my bowels.

50:13. Cast me not away from thy face; and take not thy holy spirit
from me.

50:14. Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation, and strengthen me with
a perfect spirit.

50:15. I will teach the unjust thy ways:  and the wicked shall be
converted to thee.

50:16. Deliver me from blood, O God, thou God of my salvation:  and my
tongue shall extol thy justice.

50:17. O Lord, thou wilt open my lips:  and my mouth shall declare thy

50:18. For if thou hadst desired sacrifice, I would indeed have given
it:  with burnt offerings thou wilt not be delighted.

50:19. A sacrifice to God is an afflicted spirit:  a contrite and
humbled heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.

50:20. Deal favourably, O Lord, in thy good will with Sion; that the
walls of Jerusalem may be built up.

50:21. Then shalt thou accept the sacrifice of justice, oblations and
whole burnt offerings:  then shall they lay calves upon thy altar.

Psalms Chapter 51

Quid gloriaris.

David condemneth the wickedness of Doeg, and foretelleth his

51:1. Unto the end, understanding for David,

51:2. When Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul:  David went to the house
of Achimelech.

51:3. Why dost thou glory in malice, thou that art mighty in iniquity?

51:4. All the day long thy tongue hath devised injustice:  as a sharp
razor, thou hast wrought deceit.

51:5. Thou hast loved malice more than goodness:  and iniquity rather
than to speak righteousness.

51:6. Thou hast loved all the words of ruin, O deceitful tongue.

51:7. Therefore will God destroy thee for ever:  he will pluck thee out,
and remove thee from thy dwelling place:  and thy root out of the land
of the living.

51:8. The just shall see and fear, and shall laugh at him, and say:

51:9. Behold the man that made not God his helper:  But trusted in the
abundance of his riches:  and prevailed in his vanity.

51:10. But I, as a fruitful olive tree in the house of God, have hoped
in the mercy of God for ever, yea for ever and ever.

51:11. I will praise thee for ever, because thou hast done it:  and I
will wait on thy name, for it is good in the sight of thy saints.

Psalms Chapter 52

Dixit insipiens.

The general corruption of man before the coming of Christ.

52:1. Unto the end, for Maeleth, understandings to David.  The fool said
in his heart:  There is no God.

Maeleth. . .Or Machalath.  A musical instrument, or a chorus of
musicians, for St. Jerome renders it, per chorum.

52:2. They are corrupted, and become abominable in iniquities:  there is
none that doth good.

52:3. God looked down from heaven on the children of men:  to see if
there were any that did understand, or did seek God.

52:4. All have gone aside, they are become unprofitable together, there
is none that doth good, no not one.

52:5. Shall not all the workers of iniquity know, who eat up my people
as they eat bread?

52:6. They have not called upon God:  there have they trembled for fear,
where there was no fear.  For God hath scattered the bones of them that
please men:  they have been confounded, because God hath despised them.

God hath scattered the bones, etc. . .That is, God has brought to
nothing the strength of all those that seek to please men, to the
prejudice of their duty to their Maker.

52:7. Who will give out of Sion the salvation of Israel?  when God shall
bring back the captivity of his people, Jacob shall rejoice, and Israel
shall be glad.

Psalms Chapter 53

Deus, in nomine tuo.

A prayer for help in distress.

53:1. Unto the end, in verses, understanding for David.

53:2. When the en of Ziph had come and said to Saul:  Is not David
hidden with us?  [1 Kings 23.19]

53:3. Save me, O God, by thy name, and judge me in thy strength.

53:4. O God, hear my prayer:  give ear to the words of my mouth.

53:5. For strangers have risen up against me; and the mighty have
sought after my soul:  and they have not set God before their eyes.

53:6. For behold God is my helper:  and the Lord is the protector of my

53:7. Turn back the evils upon my enemies; and cut them off in thy

53:8. I will freely sacrifice to thee, and will give praise, O God, to
thy name:  because it is good:

53:9. For thou hast delivered me out of all trouble:  and my eye hath
looked down upon my enemies.

Psalms Chapter 54

Exaudi, Deus.

A prayer of a just man under persecution from the wicked.  It agrees to
Christ persecuted by the Jews, and betrayed by Judas.

54:1. Unto the end, in verses, understanding for David.

54:2. Hear, O God, my prayer, and despise not my supplication:

54:3. Be attentive to me and hear me.  I am grieved in my exercise; and
am troubled,

54:4. At the voice of the enemy, and at the tribulation of the sinner.
For they have cast iniquities upon me:  and in wrath they were
troublesome to me.

54:5. My heart is troubled within me:  and the fear of death is fallen
upon me.

54:6. Fear and trembling are come upon me:  and darkness hath covered

54:7. And I said:  Who will give me wings like a dove, and I will fly
and be at rest?

54:8. Lo, I have gone far off flying away; and I abode in the

54:9. I waited for him that hath saved me from pusillanimity of spirit,
and a storm.

54:10. Cast down, O Lord, and divide their tongues; for I have seen
iniquity and contradiction in the city.

54:11. Day and night shall iniquity surround it upon its walls:  and in
the midst thereof are labour,

54:12. And injustice.  And usury and deceit have not departed from its

54:13. For if my enemy had reviled me, I would verily have borne with
it.  And if he that hated me had spoken great things against me, I would
perhaps have hidden my self from him.

54:14. But thou a man of one mind, my guide, and my familiar,

54:15. Who didst take sweetmeats together with me:  in the house of God
we walked with consent.

54:16. Let death come upon them, and let them go down alive into hell.
For there is wickedness in their dwellings:  in the midst of them.

Let death, etc. . .This, and such like imprecations which occur in the
psalms, are delivered prophetically; that is, by way of foretelling the
punishments which shall fall upon the wicked from divine justice, and
approving the righteous ways of God:  but not by way of ill will, or
uncharitable curses, which the law of God disallows.

54:17. But I have cried to God:  and the Lord will save me.

54:18. Evening and morning, and at noon I will speak and declare:  and
he shall hear my voice.

54:19. He shall redeem my soul in peace from them that draw near to me:
for among many they were with me.

Among many, etc. . .That is, they that drew near to attack me were many
in company all combined to fight against me.

54:20. God shall hear, and the Eternal shall humble them.  For there is
no change with them, and they have not feared God:

54:21. He hath stretched forth his hand to repay.  They have defiled his

54:22. They are divided by the wrath of his countenance, and his heart
hath drawn near.  His words are smoother than oil, and the same are

They are divided, etc. . .Dispersed, scattered, and brought to nothing,
by the wrath of God; who looks with indignation on their wicked and
deceitful ways.

54:23. Cast thy care upon the Lord, and he shall sustain thee:  he shall
not suffer the just to waver for ever.

54:24. But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of
destruction.  Bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their
days; but I will trust in thee, O Lord.

Psalms Chapter 55

Miserere mei, Deus.

A prayer of David in danger and distress.

55:1. Unto the end, for a people that is removed at a distance form the
sanctuary:  for David, for an inscription of a title (or pillar) when
the Philistines held him in Geth.

55:2. Have mercy on me, O God, for man hath trodden me under foot; all
the day long he hath afflicted me fighting against me.

55:3. My enemies have trodden on me all the day long; for they are many
that make war against me.

55:4. From the height of the day I shall fear:  but I will trust in

The height of the day. . .That is, even at noonday, when the sun is the
highest, I am still in danger.

55:5. In God I will praise my words, in God I have put my trust:  I will
not fear what flesh can do against me.

My words. . .The words or promises God has made in my favour.

55:6. All the day long they detested my words:  all their thoughts were
against me unto evil.

55:7. They will dwell and hide themselves:  they will watch my heel.  As
they have waited for my soul,

55:8. For nothing shalt thou save them:  in thy anger thou shalt break
the people in pieces.  O God,

For nothing shalt thou save them. . .That is, since they lie in wait to
ruin my soul, thou shalt for no consideration favour or assist them,
but execute thy justice upon them.

55:9. I have declared to thee my life:  thou hast set me tears in thy
sight, As also in thy promise.

55:10. Then shall my enemies be turned back.  In what day soever I shall
call upon thee, behold I know thou art my God.

55:11. In God will I praise the word, in the Lord will I praise his
speech.  In God have I hoped, I will not fear what man can do to me.

55:12. In me, O God, are vows to thee, which I will pay, praises to

55:13. Because thou hast delivered my soul from death, my feet from
falling:  that I may please in the sight of God, in the light of the

Psalms Chapter 56

Miserere mei, Deus.  The prophet prays in his affliction, and praises
God for his delivery.

56:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David, for an inscription of a
title, when he fled from Saul into the cave.  [1 Kings 24.]

Destroy not. . .Suffer me not to be destroyed.

56:2. Have mercy on me, O God, have mercy on me:  for my soul trusteth
in thee.  And in the shadow of thy wings will I hope, until iniquity
pass away.

56:3. I will cry to God the most high; to God who hath done good to me.

56:4. He hath sent from heaven and delivered me:  he hath made them a
reproach that trod upon me.  God hath sent his mercy and his truth,

56:5. And he hath delivered my soul from the midst of the young lions.
I slept troubled.  The sons of men, whose teeth are weapons and arrows,
and their tongue a sharp sword.

56:6. Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens, and thy glory above
all the earth.

56:7. They prepared a snare for my feet; and they bowed down my soul.
They dug a pit before my face, and they are fallen into it.

56:8. My heart is ready, O God, my heart is ready:  I will sing, and
rehearse a psalm.

56:9. Arise, O my glory, arise psaltery and harp:  I will arise early.

56:10. I will give praise to thee, O Lord, among the people:  I will
sing a psalm to thee among the nations.

56:11. For thy mercy is magnified even to the heavens:  and thy truth
unto the clouds.

56:12. Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens:  and thy glory above
all the earth.

Psalms Chapter 57

Si vere utique.

David reproveth the wicked, and foretelleth their punishment.

57:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David, for an inscription of a

57:2. If in very deed ye speak justice:  judge right things, ye sons of

57:3. For in your heart you work iniquity:  your hands forge injustice
in the earth.

57:4. The wicked are alienated from the womb; they have gone astray
from the womb:  they have spoken false things.

57:5. Their madness is according to the likeness of a serpent:  like the
deaf asp that stoppeth her ears:

57:6. Which will not hear the voice of the charmers; nor of the wizard
that charmeth wisely.

57:7. God shall break in pieces their teeth in their mouth:  the Lord
shall break the grinders of the lions.

57:8. They shall come to nothing, like water running down; he hath bent
his bow till they be weakened.

57:9. Like wax that melteth they shall be taken away:  fire hath fallen
on them, and they shall not see the sun.

57:10. Before your thorns could know the brier; he swalloweth them up,
as alive, in his wrath.

Before your thorns, etc. . .That is, before your thorns grow up, so as
to become strong briers, they shall be overtaken and consumed by divine
justice, swallowing them up, as it were, alive in his wrath.

57:11. The just shall rejoice when he shall see the revenge:  he shall
wash his hands in the blood of the sinner.

Shall wash his hands, etc. . .Shall applaud the justice of God, and take
occasion from the consideration of the punishment of the wicked to wash
and cleanse his hands from sin.

57:12. And man shall say:  If indeed there be fruit to the just:  there
is indeed a God that judgeth them on the earth.

Psalms Chapter 58

Eripe me.

A prayer to be delivered from the wicked, with confidence in God's help
and protection.  It agrees to Christ and his enemies the Jews.

58:1. Unto the end, destroy not, for David for an inscription of a
title, when Saul sent and watched his house to kill him.  [1 Kings 19.]

58:2. Deliver me from my enemies, O my God; and defend me from them
that rise up against me.

58:3. Deliver me from them that work iniquity, and save me from bloody

58:4. For behold they have caught my soul:  the mighty have rushed in
upon me:

58:5. Neither is it my iniquity, nor my sin, O Lord:  without iniquity
have I run, and directed my steps.

58:6. Rise up thou to meet me, and behold:  even thou, O Lord, the God
of hosts, the God of Israel.  Attend to visit all the nations:  have no
mercy on all them that work iniquity.

58:7. They shall return at evening, and shall suffer hunger like dogs:
and shall go round about the city.

58:8. Behold they shall speak with their mouth, and a sword is in their
lips:  for who, say they, hath heard us?

58:9. But thou, O Lord, shalt laugh at them:  thou shalt bring all the
nations to nothing.

58:10. I will keep my strength to thee:  for thou art my protector:

58:11. My God, his mercy shall prevent me.

58:12. God shall let me see over my enemies:  slay them not, lest at any
time my people forget.  Scatter them by thy power; and bring them down,
O Lord, my protector:

58:13. For the sin of their mouth, and the word of their lips:  and let
them be taken in their pride.  And for their cursing and lying they
shall be talked of,

58:14. When they are consumed:  when they are consumed by thy wrath, and
they shall be no more.  And they shall know that God will rule Jacob,
and all the ends of the earth.

58:15. They shall return at evening and shall suffer hunger like dogs:
and shall go round about the city.

58:16. They shall be scattered abroad to eat, and shall murmur if they
be not filled.

58:17. But I will sing thy strength:  and will extol thy mercy in the
morning.  For thou art become my support, and my refuge, in the day of
my trouble.

58:18. Unto thee, O my helper, will I sing, for thou art God my
defence:  my God my mercy.

Psalms Chapter 59

Deus, repulisti nos.

After many afflictions, the church of Christ shall prevail.

59:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, for the inscription
of a title, to David himself, for doctrine,

59:2. When he set fire to Mesopotamia of Syria and Sobal:  and Joab
returned and slew of Edom, in the vale of the saltpits, twelve thousand

59:3. O God, thou hast cast us off, and hast destroyed us; thou hast
been angry, and hast had mercy on us.

59:4. Thou hast moved the earth, and hast troubled it:  heal thou the
breaches thereof, for it has been moved.

59:5. Thou hast shewn thy people hard things; thou hast made us drink
the wine of sorrow.

59:6. Thou hast given a warning to them that fear thee:  that they may
flee from before the bow:  That thy beloved may be delivered.

59:7. Save me with thy right hand, and hear me.

59:8. God hath spoken in his holy place:  I will rejoice, and I will
divide Sichem; and will mete out the vale of tabernacles.

59:9. Galaad is mine, and Manasses is mine:  and Ephraim is the strength
of my head.  Juda is my king:

59:10. Moab is the pot of my hope.  Into Edom will I stretch out my
shoe:  to me the foreigners are made subject.

The pot of my hope. . .Or my watering pot.  That is, a vessel for meaner
uses, by being reduced to serve me, even in the meanest
employments.--Ibid.  Foreigners. . .So the Philistines are called, who
had no kindred with the Israelites; whereas the Edomites, Moabites, etc.,
were originally of the same family.

59:11. Who will bring me into the strong city?  who will lead me into

59:12. Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off?  and wilt not thou, O
God, go out with our armies?

59:13. Give us help from trouble:  for vain is the salvation of man.

59:14. Through God we shall do mightily:  and he shall bring to nothing
them that afflict us.

Psalms Chapter 60

Exaudi, Deus.

A prayer for the coming of the kingdom of Christ, which shall have no

60:1. Unto the end, in hymns, for David.

60:2. Hear, O God, my supplication:  be attentive to my prayer.

60:3. To thee have I cried from the ends of the earth:  when my heart
was in anguish, thou hast exalted me on a rock.  Thou hast conducted me;

60:4. For thou hast been my hope; a tower of strength against the face
of the enemy.

60:5. In thy tabernacle I shall dwell for ever:  I shall be protected
under the covert of thy wings.

60:6. For thou, my God, hast heard my prayer:  thou hast given an
inheritance to them that fear thy name.

60:7. Thou wilt add days to the days of the king:  his years even to
generation and generation.

60:8. He abideth for ever in the sight of God:  his mercy and truth who
shall search?

60:9. So will I sing a psalm to thy name for ever and ever:  that I may
pay my vows from day to day.

Psalms Chapter 61

Nonne Deo.

The prophet encourageth himself and all others to trust in God, and
serve him.

61:1. Unto the end, for Idithun, a psalm of David.

61:2. Shall not my soul be subject to God?  for from him is my

61:3. For he is my God and my saviour:  he is my protector, I shall be
moved no more.

61:4. How long do you rush in upon a man?  you all kill, as if you were
thrusting down a leaning wall, and a tottering fence.

61:5. But they have thought to cast away my price; I ran in thirst:
they blessed with their mouth, but cursed with their heart.

61:6. But be thou, O my soul, subject to God:  for from him is my

61:7. For he is my God and my saviour:  he is my helper, I shall not be

61:8. In God is my salvation and my glory:  he is the God of my help,
and my hope is in God.

61:9. Trust in him, all ye congregation of people:  pour out your hearts
before him.  God is our helper for ever.

61:10. But vain are the sons of men, the sons of men are liars in the
balances:  that by vanity they may together deceive.

Are liars in the balances, etc. . .They are so vain and light, that if
they are put into the scales, they will be found to be of no weight;
and to be mere lies, deceit, and vanity.  Or, They are liars in their
balances, by weighing things by false weights, and preferring the
temporal before the eternal.

61:11. Trust not in iniquity, and cover not robberies:  if riches
abound, set not your heart upon them.

61:12. God hath spoken once, these two things have I heard, that power
belongeth to God,

61:13. And mercy to thee, O Lord; for thou wilt render to every man
according to his works.

Psalms Chapter 62

Deus Deus meus, ad te.

The prophet aspireth after God.

62:1. A psalm of David while he was in the desert of Edom.

62:2. O God, my God, to thee do I watch at break of day.  For thee my
soul hath thirsted; for thee my flesh, O how many ways!

62:3. In a desert land, and where there is no way, and no water:  so in
the sanctuary have I come before thee, to see thy power and thy glory.

62:4. For thy mercy is better than lives:  thee my lips will praise.

62:5. Thus will I bless thee all my life long:  and in thy name I will
lift up my hands.

62:6. Let my soul be filled as with marrow and fatness:  and my mouth
shall praise thee with joyful lips.

62:7. If I have remembered thee upon my bed, I will meditate on thee in
the morning:

62:8. Because thou hast been my helper.  And I will rejoice under the
covert of thy wings:

62:9. My soul hath stuck close to thee:  thy right hand hath received

62:10. But they have fought my soul in vain, they shall go into the
lower parts of the earth:

62:11. They shall be delivered into the hands of the sword, they shall
be the portions of foxes.

62:12. But the king shall rejoice in God, all they shall be praised
that swear by him:  because the mouth is stopped of them that speak
wicked things.

Psalms Chapter 63

Exaudi Deus orationem.

A prayer in affliction, with confidence in God that he will bring to
nought the machinations of persecutors.

63:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.

63:2. Hear O God, my prayer, when I make supplication to thee:  deliver
my soul from the fear of the enemy.

63:3. Thou hast protected me from the assembly of the malignant; from
the multitude of the workers of iniquity.

63:4. For they have whetted their tongues like a sword; they have bent
their bow a bitter thing,

63:5. To shoot in secret the undefiled.

63:6. They will shoot at him on a sudden, and will not fear:  they are
resolute in wickedness.  They have talked of hiding snares; they have
said:  Who shall see them?

63:7. They have searched after iniquities:  they have failed in their
search.  Man shall come to a deep heart:

A deep heart. . .That is, crafty, subtle, deep projects and designs;
which nevertheless shall not succeed; for God shall be exalted in
bringing them to nought by his wisdom and power.

63:8. And God shall be exalted.  The arrows of children are their

The arrows of children are their wounds. . .That is, the wounds,
stripes, or blows, they seek to inflict upon the just, are but like the
weak efforts of children's arrows, which can do no execution:  and their
tongues, that is, their speeches against them come to nothing.

63:9. And their tongues against them are made weak.  All that saw them
were troubled;

63:10. And every man was afraid.  And they declared the works of God,
and understood his doings.

63:11. The just shall rejoice in the Lord, and shall hope in him:  and
all the upright in heart shall be praised.

Psalms Chapter 64

Te decet.

God is to be praised in his church, to which all nations shall be

64:1. To the end, a psalm of David.  The canticle of Jeremias and
Ezechiel to the people of the captivity, when they began to go out.

Of the captivity. . .That is, the people of the captivity of Babylon.
This is not in the Hebrew, but is found in the ancient translation of
the Septuagint.

64:2. A hymn, O God, becometh thee in Sion:  and a vow shall be paid to
thee in Jerusalem.

64:3. O hear my prayer:  all flesh shall come to thee.

64:4. The words of the wicked have prevailed over us:  and thou wilt
pardon our transgressions.

64:5. Blessed is he whom thou hast chosen and taken to thee:  he shall
dwell in thy courts.  We shall be filled with the good things of thy
house; holy is thy temple,

64:6. Wonderful in justice.  Hear us, O God our saviour, who art the
hope of all the ends of the earth, and in the sea afar off.

64:7. Thou who preparest the mountains by thy strength, being girded
with power:

64:8. Who troublest the depth of the sea, the noise of its waves.  The
Gentiles shall be troubled,

64:9. And they that dwell in the uttermost borders shall be afraid at
thy signs:  thou shalt make the outgoings of the morning and of the
evening to be joyful.

64:10. Thou hast visited the earth, and hast plentifully watered it;
thou hast many ways enriched it.  The river of God is filled with water,
thou hast prepared their food:  for so is its preparation.

64:11. Fill up plentifully the streams thereof, multiply its fruits; it
shall spring up and rejoice in its showers.

64:12. Thou shalt bless the crown of the year of thy goodness:  and thy
fields shall be filled with plenty.

64:13. The beautiful places of the wilderness shall grow fat:  and the
hills shall be girded about with joy,

64:14. The rams of the flock are clothed, and the vales shall abound
with corn:  they shall shout, yea they shall sing a hymn.

Psalms Chapter 65

Jubilate Deo.

An invitation to praise God.

65:1. Unto the end, a canticle of a psalm of the resurrection.  Shout
with joy to God, all the earth,

65:2. Sing ye a psalm to his name; give glory to his praise.

65:3. Say unto God, How terrible are thy works, O Lord! in the
multitude of thy strength thy enemies shall lie to thee.

65:4. Let all the earth adore thee, and sing to thee:  let it sing a
psalm to thy name.

65:5. Come and see the works of God; who is terrible in his counsels
over the sons of men.

65:6. Who turneth the sea into dry land, in the river they shall pass
on foot:  there shall we rejoice in him.

65:7. Who by his power ruleth for ever:  his eyes behold the nations;
let not them that provoke him be exalted in themselves.

65:8. O bless our God, ye Gentiles:  and make the voice of his praise to
be heard.

65:9. Who hath set my soul to live:  and hath not suffered my feet to be

65:10. For thou, O God, hast proved us:  thou hast tried us by fire, as
silver is tried.

65:11. Thou hast brought us into a net, thou hast laid afflictions on
our back:

65:12. Thou hast set men over our heads.  We have passed through fire
and water, and thou hast brought us out into a refreshment.

65:13. I will go into thy house with burnt offerings:  I will pay thee
my vows,

65:14. Which my lips have uttered, And my mouth hath spoken, when I was
in trouble.

65:15. I will offer up to thee holocausts full of marrow, with burnt
offerings of rams:  I will offer to thee bullocks with goats.

65:16. Come and hear, all ye that fear God, and I will tell you what
great things he hath done for my soul.

65:17. I cried to him with my mouth:  and I extolled him with my tongue.

65:18. If I have looked at iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear

65:19. Therefore hath God heard me, and hath attended to the voice of
my supplication.

65:20. Blessed be God, who hath not turned away my prayer, nor his
mercy from me.

Psalms Chapter 66

Deus misereatur.

A prayer for the propagation of the church.

66:1. Unto the end, in hymns, a psalm of a canticle for David.

66:2. May God have mercy on us, and bless us:  may he cause the light of
his countenance to shine upon us, and may he have mercy on us.

66:3. That we may know thy way upon earth:  thy salvation in all

66:4. Let people confess to thee, O God:  let all people give praise to

66:5. Let the nations be glad and rejoice:  for thou judgest the people
with justice, and directest the nations upon earth.

66:6. Let the people, O God, confess to thee:  let all the people give
praise to thee:

66:7. The earth hath yielded her fruit.  May God, our God bless us,

66:8. May God bless us:  and all the ends of the earth fear him.

Psalms Chapter 67

Exurgat Deus.

The glorious establishment of the church of the New Testament,
prefigured by the benefits bestowed on the people of Israel.

67:1. Unto the end, a psalm of a canticle for David himself.

67:2. Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered:  and let them
that hate him flee from before his face.

67:3. As smoke vanisheth, so let them vanish away:  as wax melteth
before the fire, so let the wicked perish at the presence of God.

67:4. And let the just feast, and rejoice before God:  and be delighted
with gladness.

67:5. Sing ye to God, sing a psalm to his name, make a way for him who
ascendeth upon the west:  the Lord is his name.  Rejoice ye before him:
but the wicked shall be troubled at his presence,

Who ascendeth upon the west. . .Super occasum.  St. Gregory understands
it of Christ, who after his going down, like the sun, in the west, by
his passion and death, ascended more glorious, and carried all before
him.  St. Jerome renders it, who ascendeth, or cometh up, through the

67:6. Who is the father of orphans, and the judge of widows.  God in his
holy place:

67:7. God who maketh men of one manner to dwell in a house:  Who
bringeth out them that were bound in strength; in like manner them that
provoke, that dwell in sepulchres.

Of one manner. . .That is, agreeing in faith, unanimous in love, and
following the same manner of discipline.  It is verified in the servants
of God, living together in his house, which is the church.  1 Tim.
3.15.--Ibid.  Them that were bound, etc. . .The power and mercy of God
appears in his bringing out of their captivity those that were strongly
bound in their sins:  and in restoring to his grace those whose
behaviour had been most provoking; and who by their evil habits were
not only dead, but buried in their sepulchres.

67:8. O God, when thou didst go forth in the sight of thy people, when
thou didst pass through the desert:

67:9. The earth was moved, and the heavens dropped at the presence of
the God of Sina, at the presence of the God of Israel.

67:10. Thou shalt set aside for thy inheritance a free rain, O God:  and
it was weakened, but thou hast made it perfect.

A free rain. . .the manna, which rained plentifully from heaven, in
favour of God's inheritance, that is, of his people Israel:  which was
weakened indeed under a variety of afflictions, but was made perfect by
God; that is, was still supported by divine providence, and brought on
to the promised land.  It agrees particularly to the church of Christ
his true inheritance, which is plentifully watered with the free rain
of heavenly grace; and through many infirmities, that is, crosses and
tribulations, is made perfect, and fitted for eternal glory.

67:11. In it shall thy animals dwell; in thy sweetness, O God, thou
hast provided for the poor.

In it, etc. . .That is, in this church, which is thy fold and thy
inheritance, shall thy animals, thy sheep, dwell:  where thou hast
plentifully provided for them.

67:12. The Lord shall give the word to them that preach good tidings
with great power.

To them that preach good tidings. . .Evangelizantibus.  That is, to the
preachers of the gospel; who receiving the word from the Lord, shall
with great power and efficacy preach throughout the world the glad
tidings of a Saviour, and of eternal salvation through him.

67:13. The king of powers is of the beloved, of the beloved; and the
beauty of the house shall divide spoils.

The king of powers. . .That is, the mighty King, the Lord of hosts, is
of the beloved, of the beloved; that is, is on the side of Christ, his
most beloved son:  and his beautiful house, viz., the church, in which
God dwells forever, shall by her spiritual conquests divide the spoils
of many nations.  The Hebrew (as it now stands pointed) is thus
rendered, The kings of armies have fled, they have fled, and she that
dwells at home (or the beauty of the house) shall divide the spoils.

67:14. If you sleep among the midst of lots, you shall be as the wings
of a dove covered with silver, and the hinder parts of her back with
the paleness of gold.

If you sleep among the midst of lots (intermedios cleros, etc.). . .Viz.,
in such dangers and persecutions, as if your enemies were casting
lots for your goods and persons:  or in the midst of the lots,
(intermedios terminos, as St. Jerome renders it,) that is, upon the
very bounds or borders of the dominions of your enemies:  you shall be
secure nevertheless under the divine protection; and shall be enabled
to fly away, like a dove, with glittering wings and feathers shining
like the palest and most precious gold; that is, with great increase of
virtue, and glowing with the fervour of charity.

67:15. When he that is in heaven appointeth kings over her, they shall
be whited with snow in Selmon.

Kings over her. . .That is, pastors and rulers over his church, viz.,
the apostles and their successors.  Then by their ministry shall men be
made whiter than the snow which lies on the top of the high mountain

67:16. The mountain of God is a fat mountain.  A curdled mountain, a fat

The mountain of God. . .The church, which, Isa. 2.2, is called The
mountain of the house of the Lord upon the top of mountains.  It is here
called a fat and a curdled mountain; that is to say, most fruitful, and
enriched by the spiritual gifts and graces of the Holy Ghost.

67:17. Why suspect, ye curdled mountains?  A mountain in which God is
well pleased to dwell:  for there the Lord shall dwell unto the end.

Why suspect, ye curdled mountains?. . .Why do you suppose or imagine
there may be any other such curdled mountains?  You are mistaken:  the
mountain thus favoured by God is but one; and this same he has chosen
for his dwelling for ever.

67:18. The chariot of God is attended by ten thousands; thousands of
them that rejoice:  the Lord is among them in Sina, in the holy place.

The chariot of God. . .Descending to give his law on mount Sina:  as also
of Jesus Christ his Son, ascending into heaven, to send from thence the
Holy Ghost, to publish his new law, is attended with ten thousands,
that is, with an innumerable multitude of joyful angels.

67:19. Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive;
thou hast received gifts in men.  Yea for those also that do not
believe, the dwelling of the Lord God.

Led captivity captive. . .Carrying away with thee to heaven those who
before had been the captives of Satan; and receiving from God the
Father gifts to be distributed to men; even to those who were before

67:20. Blessed be the Lord day by day:  the God of our salvation will
make our journey prosperous to us.

67:21. Our God is the God of salvation:  and of the Lord, of the Lord
are the issues from death.

The issues from death. . .The Lord alone is master of the issues, by
which we may escape from death.

67:22. But God shall break the heads of his enemies:  the hairy crown of
them that walk on in their sins.

67:23. The Lord said:  I will turn them from Basan, I will turn them
into the depth of the sea:

I will turn them from Basan, etc. . .I will cast out my enemies from
their rich possessions, signified by Basan, a fruitful country; and I
will drive them into the depth of the sea:  and make such a slaughter of
them, that the feet of my servants may be dyed in their blood, etc.

67:24. That thy foot may be dipped in the blood of thy enemies; the
tongue of thy dogs be red with the same.

67:25. They have seen thy goings, O God, the goings of my God:  of my
king who is in his sanctuary.

Thy goings. . .Thy ways, thy proceedings, by which thou didst formerly
take possession of the promised land in favour of thy people; and shalt
afterwards of the whole world, which thou shalt subdue to thy Son.

67:26. Princes went before joined with singers, in the midst of young
damsels playing on timbrels.

Princes. . .The apostles, the first converters of nations; attended by
numbers of perfect souls, singing the divine praises, and virgins
consecrated to God.

67:27. In the churches bless ye God the Lord, from the fountains of

From the fountains of Israel. . .From whom both Christ and his apostles
sprung.  By Benjamin, the holy fathers on this place understand St.
Paul, who was of that tribe, named here a youth, because he was the
last called to the apostleship.  By the princes of Juda, Zabulon, and
Nephthali, we may understand the other apostles, who were of the tribe
of Juda; or of the tribes of Zabulon, and Nephthali, where our Lord
began to preach, Matt. 4.13, etc.

67:28. There is Benjamin a youth, in ecstasy of mind.  The princes of
Juda are their leaders:  the princes of Zabulon, the princes of

67:29. Command thy strength, O God confirm, O God, what thou hast
wrought in us.

Command thy strength. . .Give orders that thy strength may be always with

67:30. From thy temple in Jerusalem, kings shall offer presents to

67:31. Rebuke the wild beasts of the reeds, the congregation of bulls
with the kine of the people; who seek to exclude them who are tried
with silver.  Scatter thou the nations that delight in wars:

Rebuke the wild beasts of the reeds. . .or the wild beasts, which lie
hid in the reeds.  That is, the devils, who hide themselves in order to
surprise their prey.  Or by wild beasts, are here understood
persecutors, who, for all their attempts against the Church, are but as
weak reeds, which cannot prevail against them who are supported by the
strength of the Almighty.  The same are also called the congregation of
bulls (from their rage against the Church) who assemble together all
their kine, that is, the people their subjects, to exclude if they can,
from Christ and his inheritance, his constant confessors, who are like
silver tried by fire.

67:32. Ambassadors shall come out of Egypt:  Ethiopia shall soon stretch
out her hands to God.

Ambassadors shall come, etc. . .It is a prophecy of the conversion of
the Gentiles, and by name of the Egyptians and Ethiopians.

67:33. Sing to God, ye kingdoms of the earth:  sing ye to the Lord:  Sing
ye to God,

67:34. Who mounteth above the heaven of heavens, to the east.  Behold he
will give to his voice the voice of power:

To the east. . .From mount Olivet, which is on the east side of
Jerusalem.--Ibid.  The voice of power. . .That is, he will make his voice
to be a powerful voice:  by calling from death to life, such as were
dead in mortal sin:  as at the last day he will by the power of his
voice call all the dead from their graves.

67:35. Give ye glory to God for Israel, his magnificence, and his power
is in the clouds.

67:36. God is wonderful in his saints:  the God of Israel is he who will
give power and strength to his people.  Blessed be God.

Psalms Chapter 68

Salvum me fac, Deus.

Christ in his passion declareth the greatness of his sufferings, and
the malice of his persecutors the Jews; and foretelleth their

68:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed; for David.

For them that shall be changed. . .A psalm for Christian converts, to
remember the passion of Christ.

68:2. Save me, O God:  for the waters are come in even unto my soul.

The waters. . .Of afflictions and sorrows.  My soul is sorrowful even
unto death.  Matt. 26.38.

68:3. I stick fast in the mire of the deep and there is no sure
standing.  I am come into the depth of the sea, and a tempest hath
overwhelmed me.

68:4. I have laboured with crying; my jaws are become hoarse, my eyes
have failed, whilst I hope in my God.

68:5. They are multiplied above the hairs of my head, who hate me
without cause.  My enemies are grown strong who have wrongfully
persecuted me:  then did I pay that which I took not away.

I pay that which I took not away. . .Christ in his passion made
restitution of what he had not taken away, by suffering the punishment
due to our sins, and so repairing the injury we had done to God.

68:6. O God, thou knowest my foolishness; and my offences are not
hidden from thee:

My foolishness and my offences. . .which my enemies impute to me:  or the
follies and sins of men, which I have taken upon myself.

68:7. Let not them be ashamed for me, who look for thee, O Lord, the
Lord of hosts.  Let them not be confounded on my account, who seek thee,
O God of Israel.

68:8. Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my

68:9. I am become a stranger to my brethren, and an alien to the sons
of my mother.

68:10. For the zeal of thy house hath eaten me up:  and the reproaches
of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.

68:11. And I covered my soul in fasting:  and it was made a reproach to

68:12. And I made haircloth my garment:  and I became a byword to them.

68:13. They that sat in the gate spoke against me:  and they that drank
wine made me their song.

68:14. But as for me, my prayer is to thee, O Lord; for the time of thy
good pleasure, O God.  In the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the
truth of thy salvation.

68:15. Draw me out of the mire, that I may not stick fast:  deliver me
from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters.

68:16. Let not the tempest of water drown me, nor the deep water
swallow me up:  and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.

68:17. Hear me, O Lord, for thy mercy is kind; look upon me according
to the multitude of thy tender mercies.

68:18. And turn not away thy face from thy servant:  for I am in
trouble, hear me speedily.

68:19. Attend to my soul, and deliver it:  save me because of my

68:20. Thou knowest my reproach, and my confusion, and my shame.

68:21. In thy sight are all they that afflict me; my heart hath
expected reproach and misery.  And I looked for one that would grieve
together with me, but there was none:  and for one that would comfort
me, and I found none.

68:22. And they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me
vinegar to drink.

68:23. Let their table become as a snare before them, and a recompense,
and a stumblingblock.

Let their table, etc. . .What here follows in the style of an
imprecation, is a prophecy of the wretched state to which the Jews
should be reduced in punishment of their wilful obstinacy.

68:24. Let their eyes be darkened that they see not; and their back
bend thou down always.

68:25. Pour out thy indignation upon them:  and let thy wrathful anger
take hold of them.

68:26. Let their habitation be made desolate:  and let there be none to
dwell in their tabernacles.

68:27. Because they have persecuted him whom thou hast smitten; and
they have added to the grief of my wounds.

68:28. Add thou iniquity upon their iniquity:  and let them not come
into thy justice.

68:29. Let them be blotted out of the book of the living; and with the
just let them not be written.

68:30. But I am poor and sorrowful:  thy salvation, O God, hath set me

68:31. I will praise the name of God with a canticle:  and I will
magnify him with praise.

68:32. And it shall please God better than a young calf, that bringeth
forth horns and hoofs.

68:33. Let the poor see and rejoice:  seek ye God, and your soul shall

68:34. For the Lord hath heard the poor:  and hath not despised his

68:35. Let the heavens and the earth praise him; the sea, and every
thing that creepeth therein.

68:36. For God will save Sion, and the cities of Juda shall be built
up.  And they shall dwell there, and acquire it by inheritance.

Sion. . .The catholic church.  The cities of Juda, etc., her places of
worship, which shall be established throughout the world.  And there,
viz., in this church of Christ, shall his servants dwell, etc.

68:37. And the seed of his servants shall possess it; and they that
love his name shall dwell therein.

Psalms Chapter 69

Deus in adjutorium.

A prayer in persecution.

69:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David, to bring to remembrance that the
Lord saved him.

69:2. O God, come to my assistance; O Lord, make haste to help me.

69:3. Let them be confounded and ashamed that seek my soul:

69:4. Let them be turned backward, and blush for shame that desire
evils to me:  Let them be presently turned away blushing for shame that
say to me:  'Tis well, 'tis well.

'T is well, 't is well. . .Euge, euge.  St. Jerome renders it, vah, vah!
which is the voice of one insulting and deriding.  Some understand it as
a detestation of deceitful flatterers.

69:5. Let all that seek thee rejoice and be glad in thee; and let such
as love thy salvation say always:  The Lord be magnified.

69:6. But I am needy and poor; O God, help me.  Thou art my helper and
my deliverer:  O lord, make no delay.

Psalms Chapter 70

In te, Domine.

A prayer for perseverance.

70:1. A psalm for David.  Of the sons of Jonadab, and the former
captives.  In thee, O Lord, I have hoped, let me never be put to

Of the sons of Jonadab. . .The Rechabites, of whom see Jer. 35.  By this
addition of the seventy-two interpreters, we gather that this psalm was
usually sung in the synagogue, in the person of the Rechabites, and of
those who were first carried away into captivity.

70:2. Deliver me in thy justice, and rescue me.  Incline thy ear unto
me, and save me.

70:3. Be thou unto me a God, a protector, and a place of strength:  that
thou mayst make me safe.  For thou art my firmament and my refuge.

70:4. Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the sinner, and out of
the hand of the transgressor of the law and of the unjust.

70:5. For thou art my patience, O Lord:  my hope, O Lord, from my youth.

70:6. By thee have I been confirmed from the womb:  from my mother's
womb thou art my protector.  Of thee I shall continually sing:

70:7. I am become unto many as a wonder, but thou art a strong helper.

70:8. Let my mouth be filled with praise, that I may sing thy glory;
thy greatness all the day long.

70:9. Cast me not off in the time of old age:  when my strength shall
fail, do not thou forsake me.

70:10. For my enemies have spoken against me; and they that watched my
soul have consulted together,

70:11. Saying:  God hath forsaken him:  pursue and take him, for there is
none to deliver him.

70:12. O God, be not thou far from me:  O my God, make haste to my help.

70:13. Let them be confounded and come to nothing that detract my soul;
let them be covered with confusion and blame that seek my hurt.

70:14. But I will always hope; and will add to all thy praise.

70:15. My mouth shall shew forth thy justice; thy salvation all the day
long.  Because I have not known learning,

Learning. . .As much as to say, I build not upon human learning, but
only on the power and justice of God.

70:16. I will enter into the powers of the Lord:  O Lord, I will be
mindful of thy justice alone.

70:17. Thou hast taught me, O God, from my youth:  and till now I will
declare thy wonderful works.

70:18. And unto old age and grey hairs:  O God, forsake me not, Until I
shew forth thy arm to all the generation that is to come:  Thy power,

70:19. And thy justice, O God, even to the highest great things thou
hast done:  O God, who is like to thee?

70:20. How great troubles hast thou shewn me, many and grievous:  and
turning thou hast brought me to life, and hast brought me back again
from the depths of the earth:

70:21. Thou hast multiplied thy magnificence; and turning to me thou
hast comforted me.

70:22. For I will also confess to thee thy truth with the instruments
of psaltery:  O God, I will sing to thee with the harp, thou holy one of

70:23. My lips shall greatly rejoice, when I shall sing to thee; and my
soul which thou hast redeemed.

70:24. Yea and my tongue shall meditate on thy justice all the day;
when they shall be confounded and put to shame that seek evils to me.

Psalms Chapter 71

Deus, judicium tuum.

A prophecy of the coming of Christ, and of his kingdom:  prefigured by
Solomon and his happy reign.

71:1. A psalm on Solomon.

71:2. Give to the king thy judgment, O God, and to the king's son thy
justice:  To judge thy people with justice, and thy poor with judgment.

71:3. Let the mountains receive peace for the people:  and the hills

71:4. He shall judge the poor of the people, and he shall save the
children of the poor:  and he shall humble the oppressor.

71:5. And he shall continue with the sun and before the moon,
throughout all generations.

71:6. He shall come down like rain upon the fleece; and as showers
falling gently upon the earth.

71:7. In his days shall justice spring up, and abundance of peace, till
the moon be taken away.

71:8. And he shall rule from sea to sea, and from the river unto the
ends of the earth.

71:9. Before him the Ethiopians shall fall down:  and his enemies shall
lick the ground.

71:10. The kings of Tharsis and the islands shall offer presents:  the
kings of the Arabians and of Saba shall bring gifts:

71:11. And all kings of the earth shall adore him:  all nations shall
serve him.

71:12. For he shall deliver the poor from the mighty:  and the needy
that had no helper.

71:13. He shall spare the poor and needy:  and he shall save the souls
of the poor.

71:14. He shall redeem their souls from usuries and iniquity:  and their
names shall be honourable in his sight.

71:15. And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of
Arabia, for him they shall always adore:  they shall bless him all the

71:16. And there shall be a firmament on the earth on the tops of
mountains, above Libanus shall the fruit thereof be exalted:  and they
of the city shall flourish like the grass of the earth.

A firmament on the earth, etc. . .This may be understood of the church
of Christ, ever firm and visible:  and of the flourishing condition of
its congregation.

71:17. Let his name be blessed for evermore:  his name continueth before
the sun.  And in him shall all the tribes of the earth be blessed:  all
nations shall magnify him.

71:18. Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel, who alone doth wonderful

71:19. And blessed be the name of his majesty for ever:  and the whole
earth shall be filled with his majesty.  So be it.  So be it.

71:20. The praises of David, the son of Jesse, are ended.

Are ended. . .By this it appears that this psalm, though placed here,
was in order of time the last of those which David composed.

Psalms Chapter 72

Quam bonus Israel Deus.

The temptation of the weak, upon seeing the prosperity of the wicked,
is overcome by the consideration of the justice of God, who will
quickly render to every one according to his works.

72:1. A psalm for Asaph.  How good is God to Israel, to them that are of
a right heart!

72:2. But my feet were almost moved; my steps had well nigh slipped.

72:3. Because I had a zeal on occasion of the wicked, seeing the
prosperity of sinners.

72:4. For there is no regard to their death, nor is there strength in
their stripes.

72:5. They are not in the labour of men:  neither shall they be scourged
like other men.

72:6. Therefore pride hath held them fast:  they are covered with their
iniquity and their wickedness.

72:7. Their iniquity hath come forth, as it were from fatness:  they
have passed into the affection of the heart.

Fatness. . .Abundance and temporal prosperity, which hath encouraged
them in their iniquity:  and made them give themselves up to their
irregular affections.

72:8. They have thought and spoken wickedness:  they have spoken
iniquity on high.

72:9. They have set their mouth against heaven:  and their tongue hath
passed through the earth.

72:10. Therefore will my people return here and full days shall be
found in them.

Return here. . .or hither.  The weak among the servants of God, will be
apt often to return to this thought, and will be shocked when they
consider the full days, that is, the long and prosperous life of the
wicked; and will be tempted to make the reflections against providence
which are set down in the following verses.

72:11. And they said:  How doth God know?  and is there knowledge in the
most High?

72:12. Behold these are sinners; and yet, abounding in the world they
have obtained riches.

72:13. And I said:  Then have I in vain justified my heart, and washed
my hands among the innocent.

72:14. And I have been scourged all the day; and my chastisement hath
been in the mornings.

72:15. If I said:  I will speak thus; behold I should condemn the
generation of thy children.

If I said, etc. . .That is, if I should indulge such thoughts as these.

72:16. I studied that I might know this thing, it is a labour in my

72:17. Until I go into the sanctuary of God, and understand concerning
their last ends.

72:18. But indeed for deceits thou hast put it to them:  when they were
lifted up thou hast cast them down.

Thou hast put it to them. . .In punishment of their deceits, or for
deceiving them, thou hast brought evils upon them in their last end,
which, in their prosperity they never apprehended.

72:19. How are they brought to desolation?  they have suddenly ceased to
be:  they have perished by reason of their iniquity.

72:20. As the dream of them that awake, O Lord; so in thy city thou
shalt bring their image to nothing.

72:21. For my heart hath been inflamed, and my reins have been changed:

72:22. And I am brought to nothing, and I knew not.

72:23. I am become as a beast before thee:  and I am always with thee.

72:24. Thou hast held me by my right hand; and by thy will thou hast
conducted me, and with thy glory thou hast received me.

72:25. For what have I in heaven?  and besides thee what do I desire
upon earth?

72:26. For thee my flesh and my heart hath fainted away:  thou art the
God of my heart, and the God that is my portion for ever.

72:27. For behold they that go far from thee shall perish:  thou hast
destroyed all them that are disloyal to thee.

72:28. But it is good for me to adhere to my God, to put my hope in the
Lord God:  That I may declare all thy praises, in the gates of the
daughter of Sion.

Psalms Chapter 73

Ut quid, Deus.

A prayer of the church under grievous persecutions.

73:1. Understanding for Asaph.  O God, why hast thou cast us off unto
the end:  why is thy wrath enkindled against the sheep of thy pasture?

73:2. Remember thy congregation, which thou hast possessed from the
beginning.  The sceptre of thy inheritance which thou hast redeemed:
mount Sion in which thou hast dwelt.

73:3. Lift up thy hands against their pride unto the end; see what
things the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary.

73:4. And they that hate thee have made their boasts, in the midst of
thy solemnity.  They have set up their ensigns for signs,

Their ensigns, etc. . .They have fixed their colours for signs and
trophies, both on the gates, and on the highest top of the temple:  and
they knew not, that is, they regarded not the sanctity of the place.
This psalm manifestly foretells the time of the Machabees, and the
profanation of the temple by Antiochus.

73:5. And they knew not both in the going out and on the highest top.
As with axes in a wood of trees,

73:6. They have cut down at once the gates thereof, with axe and
hatchet they have brought it down.

73:7. They have set fire to thy sanctuary:  they have defiled the
dwelling place of thy name on the earth.

73:8. They said in their heart, the whole kindred of them together:  Let
us abolish all the festival days of God from the land.

73:9. Our signs we have not seen, there is now no prophet:  and he will
know us no more.

73:10. How long, O God, shall the enemy reproach:  is the adversary to
provoke thy name for ever?

73:11. Why dost thou turn away thy hand:  and thy right hand out of the
midst of thy bosom for ever?

73:12. But God is our king before ages:  he hath wrought salvation in
the midst of the earth.

73:13. Thou by thy strength didst make the sea firm:  thou didst crush
the heads of the dragons in the waters.

The sea firm. . .By making the waters of the Red Sea stand like firm
walls, whilst Israel passed through:  and destroying the Egyptians
called here dragons from their cruelty, in the same waters, with their
king:  casting up their bodies on the shore to be stripped by the
Ethiopians inhabiting in those days the coast of Arabia.

73:14. Thou hast broken the heads of the dragon:  thou hast given him to
be meat for the people of the Ethiopians.

73:15. Thou hast broken up the fountains and the torrents:  thou hast
dried up the Ethan rivers.

Ethan rivers. . .That is, rivers which run with strong streams.  This was
verified in Jordan, Jos. 3, and in Arnon, Num. 21.14.

73:16. Thine is the day, and thine is the night:  thou hast made the
morning light and the sun.

73:17. Thou hast made all the borders of the earth:  the summer and the
spring were formed by thee.

73:18. Remember this, the enemy hath reproached the Lord:  and a foolish
people hath provoked thy name.

73:19. Deliver not up to beasts the souls that confess to thee:  and
forget not to the end the souls of thy poor.

73:20. Have regard to thy covenant:  for they that are the obscure of
the earth have been filled with dwellings of iniquity.

The obscure of the earth. . .Mean and ignoble wretches have been filled,
that is, enriched, with houses of iniquity, that is, with our estates
and possessions, which they have unjustly acquired.

73:21. Let not the humble be turned away with confusion:  the poor and
needy shall praise thy name.

73:22. Arise, O God, judge thy own cause:  remember thy reproaches with
which the foolish man hath reproached thee all the day.

73:23. Forget not the voices of thy enemies:  the pride of them that
hate thee ascendeth continually.

Psalms Chapter 74

Confitebimur tibi.

There is a just judgment to come:  therefore let the wicked take care.

74:1. Unto the end, corrupt not, a psalm of a canticle for Asaph.

Corrupt not. . .It is believed to have been the beginning of some ode or
hymn, to the tune of which this psalm was to be sung.  St. Augustine and
other fathers take it to be an admonition of the spirit of God, not to
faint or fail in our hope:  but to persevere with constancy in good:
because God will not fail in his due time to render to every man
according to his works.

74:2. We will praise thee, O God:  we will praise, and we will call upon
thy name.  We will relate thy wondrous works:

74:3. When I shall take a time, I will judge justices.

When I shall take a time. . .In proper times:  particularly at the last
day, when the earth shall melt away at the presence of the great Judge:
the same who originally laid the foundations of it, and as it were
established its pillars.

74:4. The earth is melted, and all that dwell therein:  I have
established the pillars thereof.

74:5. I said to the wicked:  Do not act wickedly:  and to the sinners:
Lift not up the horn.

74:6. Lift not up your horn on high:  speak not iniquity against God.

74:7. For neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the desert

74:8. For God is the judge.  One he putteth down, and another he lifteth

74:9. For in the hand of the Lord there is a cup of strong wine full of
mixture.  And he hath poured it out from this to that:  but the dregs
thereof are not emptied:  all the sinners of the earth shall drink.

74:10. But I will declare for ever:  I will sing to the God of Jacob.

74:11. And I will break all the horns of sinners:  but the horns of the
just shall be exalted.

Psalms Chapter 75

Notus in Judaea.

God is known in his church:  and exerts his power in protecting it.  It
alludes to the slaughter of the Assyrians, in the days of king

75:1. Unto the end, in praises, a psalm for Asaph:  a canticle to the

75:2. In Judea God is known:  his name is great in Israel.

75:3. And his place is in peace:  and his abode in Sion:

75:4. There hath he broken the powers of bows, the shield, the sword,
and the battle.

75:5. Thou enlightenest wonderfully from the everlasting hills.

75:6. All the foolish of heart were troubled.  They have slept their
sleep; and all the men of riches have found nothing in their hands.

75:7. At thy rebuke, O God of Jacob, they have all slumbered that
mounted on horseback.

75:8. Thou art terrible, and who shall resist thee?  from that time thy

From that time, etc. . .From the time that thy wrath shall break out.

75:9. Thou hast caused judgment to be heard from heaven:  the earth
trembled and was still,

75:10. When God arose in judgment, to save all the meek of the earth.

75:11. For the thought of man shall give praise to thee:  and the
remainders of the thought shall keep holiday to thee.

75:12. Vow ye, and pay to the Lord your God:  all you that are round
about him bring presents.  To him that is terrible,

75:13. Even to him who taketh away the spirit of princes:  to the
terrible with the kings of the earth.

Psalms Chapter 76

Voce mea.

The faithful have recourse to God in trouble of mind, with confidence
in his mercy and power.

76:1. Unto the end, for Idithun, a psalm of Asaph.

76:2. I cried to the Lord with my voice; to God with my voice, and he
gave ear to me.

76:3. In the days of my trouble I sought God, with my hands lifted up
to him in the night, and I was not deceived.  My soul refused to be

76:4. I remembered God, and was delighted, and was exercised, and my
spirit swooned away.

76:5. My eyes prevented the watches:  I was troubled, and I spoke not.

76:6. I thought upon the days of old:  and I had in my mind the eternal

76:7. And I meditated in the night with my own heart:  and I was
exercised and I swept my spirit.

76:8. Will God then cast off for ever?  or will he never be more
favourable again?

76:9. Or will he cut off his mercy for ever, from generation to

76:10. Or will God forget to shew mercy?  or will he in his anger shut
up his mercies?

76:11. And I said, Now have I begun:  this is the change of the right
hand of the most High.

76:12. I remembered the works of the Lord:  for I will be mindful of thy
wonders from the beginning.

76:13. And I will meditate on all thy works:  and will be employed in
thy inventions.

76:14. Thy way, O God, is in the holy place:  who is the great God like
our God?

76:15. Thou art the God that dost wonders.  Thou hast made thy power
known among the nations:

76:16. With thy arm thou hast redeemed thy people the children of Jacob
and of Joseph.

76:17. The waters saw thee, O God, the waters saw thee:  and they were
afraid, and the depths were troubled.

76:18. Great was the noise of the waters:  the clouds sent out a sound.
For thy arrows pass:

76:19. The voice of thy thunder in a wheel.  Thy lightnings enlightened
the world:  the earth shook and trembled.

76:20. Thy way is in the sea, and thy paths in many waters:  and thy
footsteps shall not be known.

76:21. Thou hast conducted thy people like sheep, by the hand of Moses
and Aaron.

Psalms Chapter 77


God's great benefits to the people of Israel, notwithstanding their

77:1. Understanding for Asaph.  Attend, O my people, to my law:  incline
your ears to the words of my mouth.

77:2. I will open my mouth in parables:  I will utter propositions from
the beginning.

Propositions. . .Deep and mysterious sayings.  By this it appears that
the historical facts of ancient times, commemorated in this psalm, were
deep and mysterious:  as being figures of great truths appertaining to
the time of the New Testament.

77:3. How great things have we heard and known, and our fathers have
told us.

77:4. They have not been hidden from their children, in another
generation.  Declaring the praises of the Lord, and his powers, and his
wonders which he hath done.

77:5. And he set up a testimony in Jacob:  and made a law in Israel.  How
great things he commanded our fathers, that they should make the same
known to their children:

77:6. That another generation might know them.  The children that should
be born and should rise up, and declare them to their children.

77:7. That they may put their hope in God and may not forget the works
of God:  and may seek his commandments.

77:8. That they may not become like their fathers, a perverse and
exasperating generation.  A generation that set not their heart aright:
and whose spirit was not faithful to God.

77:9. The sons of Ephraim who bend and shoot with the bow:  they have
turned back in the day of battle.

77:10. They kept not the covenant of God:  and in his law they would not

77:11. And they forgot his benefits, and his wonders that he had shewn

77:12. Wonderful things did he do in the sight of their fathers, in the
land of Egypt, in the field of Tanis.

77:13. He divided the sea and brought them through:  and he made the
waters to stand as in a vessel.

77:14. And he conducted them with a cloud by day:  and all the night
with a light of fire.

77:15. He struck the rock in the wilderness:  and gave them to drink, as
out of the great deep.

77:16. He brought forth water out of the rock:  and made streams run
down as rivers.

77:17. And they added yet more sin against him:  they provoked the most
High to wrath in the place without water.

77:18. And they tempted God in their hearts, by asking meat for their

77:19. And they spoke ill of God:  they said:  Can God furnish a table in
the wilderness?

77:20. Because he struck the rock, and the waters gushed out, and the
streams overflowed.  Can he also give bread, or provide a table for his

77:21. Therefore the Lord heard, and was angry:  and a fire was kindled
against Jacob, and wrath came up against Israel.

77:22. Because they believed not in God:  and trusted not in his

77:23. And he had commanded the clouds from above, and had opened the
doors of heaven.

77:24. And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them
the bread of heaven.

77:25. Man ate the bread of angels:  he sent them provisions in

77:26. He removed the south wind from heaven:  and by his power brought
in the southwest wind.

77:27. And he rained upon them flesh as dust:  and feathered fowls like
as the sand of the sea.

77:28. And they fell in the midst of their camp, round about their

77:29. So they did eat, and were filled exceedingly, and he gave them
their desire:

77:30. they were not defrauded of that which they craved.  As yet their
meat was in their mouth:

77:31. And the wrath of God came upon them.  And he slew the fat ones
amongst them, and brought down the chosen men of Israel.

77:32. In all these things they sinned still:  and they behaved not for
his wondrous works.

77:33. And their days were consumed in vanity, and their years in

77:34. When he slew them, then they sought him:  and they returned, and
came to him early in the morning.

77:35. And they remembered that God was their helper:  and the most high
God their redeemer.

77:36. And they loved him with their mouth:  and with their tongue they
lied unto him:

77:37. But their heart was not right with him:  nor were they counted
faithful in his covenant.

77:38. But he is merciful, and will forgive their sins:  and will not
destroy them.  And many a time did he turn away his anger:  and did not
kindle all his wrath.

77:39. And he remembered that they are flesh:  a wind that goeth and
returneth not.

77:40. How often did they provoke him in the desert:  and move him to
wrath in the place without water?

77:41. And they turned back and tempted God:  and grieved the holy one
of Israel.

77:42. They remembered not his hand, in the day that he redeemed them
from the hand of him that afflicted them:

77:43. How he wrought his signs in Egypt, and his wonders in the field
of Tanis.

77:44. And he turned their rivers into blood, and their showers that
they might not drink.

77:45. He sent amongst them divers sorts of flies, which devoured them:
and frogs which destroyed them.

77:46. And he gave up their fruits to the blast, and their labours to
the locust.

77:47. And he destroyed their vineyards with hail, and their mulberry
trees with hoarfrost.

77:48. And he gave up their cattle to the hail, and their stock to the

77:49. And he sent upon them the wrath of his indignation:  indignation
and wrath and trouble, which he sent by evil angels.

77:50. He made a way for a path to his anger:  he spared not their souls
from death, and their cattle he shut up in death.

77:51. And he killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt:  the
firstfruits of all their labour in the tabernacles of Cham.

77:52. And he took away his own people as sheep:  and guided them in the
wilderness like a flock.

77:53. And he brought them out in hope and they feared not:  and the sea
overwhelmed their enemies.

77:54. And he brought them into the mountain of his sanctuary:  the
mountain which his right hand had purchased.  And he cast out the
Gentiles before them:  and by lot divided to them their land by a line
of distribution.

77:55. And he made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tabernacles.

77:56. Yet they tempted, and provoked the most high God:  and they kept
not his testimonies.

77:57. And they turned away, and kept not the covenant:  even like their
fathers they were turned aside as a crooked bow.

77:58. They provoked him to anger on their hills:  and moved him to
jealousy with their graven things.

77:59. God heard, and despised them, and he reduced Israel exceedingly
as it were to nothing.

77:60. And he put away the tabernacle of Silo, his tabernacle where he
dwelt among men.

77:61. And he delivered their strength into captivity:  and their beauty
into the hands of the enemy.

77:62. And he shut up his people under the sword:  and he despised his

77:63. Fire consumed their young men:  and their maidens were not

77:64. Their priests fell by the sword:  and their widows did not mourn.

77:65. And the Lord was awaked as one out of sleep, and like a mighty
man that hath been surfeited with wine.

77:66. And he smote his enemies on the hinder parts:  he put them to an
everlasting reproach.

77:67. And he rejected the tabernacle of Joseph:  and chose not the
tribe of Ephraim:

77:68. But he chose the tribe of Juda, mount Sion which he loved.

77:69. And he built his sanctuary as of unicorns, in the land which he
founded for ever.

As of unicorns. . .That is, firm and strong like the horn of the
unicorn.  This is one of the chiefest of the propositions of this psalm,
foreshewing the firm establishment of the one, true, and everlasting
sanctuary of God, in his church.

77:70. And he chose his servant David, and took him from the flocks of
sheep:  he brought him from following the ewes great with young,

77:71. To feed Jacob his servant and Israel his inheritance.

77:72. And he fed them in the innocence of his heart:  and conducted
them by the skilfulness of his hands.

Psalms Chapter 78

Deus, venerunt gentes.

The church in time of persecution prayeth for relief.  It seems to
belong to the time of the Machabees.

78:1. A psalm for Asaph.  O God, the heathens are come into thy
inheritance, they have defiled thy holy temple:  they have made
Jerusalem as a place to keep fruit.

78:2. They have given the dead bodies of thy servants to be meat for
the fowls of the air:  the flesh of thy saints for the beasts of the

78:3. They have poured out their blood as water, round about Jerusalem
and there was none to bury them.

78:4. We are become a reproach to our neighbours:  a scorn and derision
to them that are round about us.

78:5. How long, O Lord, wilt thou be angry for ever:  shall thy zeal be
kindled like a fire?

78:6. Pour out thy wrath upon the nations that have not known thee:  and
upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.

78:7. Because they have devoured Jacob; and have laid waste his place.

78:8. Remember not our former iniquities:  let thy mercies speedily
prevent us, for we are become exceeding poor.

78:9. Help us, O God, our saviour:  and for the glory of thy name, O
Lord, deliver us:  and forgive us our sins for thy name's sake:

78:10. Lest they should say among the Gentiles:  Where is their God?  And
let him be made known among the nations before our eyes, By the
revenging the blood of thy servants, which hath been shed:

78:11. Let the sighing of the prisoners come in before thee.  According
to the greatness of thy arm, take possession of the children of them
that have been put to death.

78:12. And render to our neighbours sevenfold in their bosom:  the
reproach wherewith they have reproached thee, O Lord.

78:13. But we thy people, and the sheep of thy pasture, will give
thanks to thee for ever.  We will shew forth thy praise, unto generation
and generation.

Psalms Chapter 79

Qui regis Israel.

A prayer for the church in tribulation, commemorating God's former

79:1. Unto the end, for them that shall be changed, a testimony for
Asaph, a psalm.

79:2. Give ear, O thou that rulest Israel:  thou that leadest Joseph
like a sheep.  Thou that sittest upon the cherubims, shine forth

79:3. Before Ephraim, Benjamin, and Manasses.  Stir up thy might, and
come to save us.

79:4. Convert us, O God:  and shew us thy face, and we shall be saved.

79:5. O Lord God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the
prayer of thy servant?

79:6. How long wilt thou feed us with the bread of tears:  and give us
for our drink tears in measure?

79:7. Thou hast made us to be a contradiction to our neighbours:  and
our enemies have scoffed at us.

79:8. O God of hosts, convert us:  and shew thy face, and we shall be

79:9. Thou hast brought a vineyard out of Egypt:  thou hast cast out the
Gentiles and planted it.

79:10. Thou wast the guide of its journey in its sight:  thou plantedst
the roots thereof, and it filled the land.

79:11. The shadow of it covered the hills:  and the branches thereof the
cedars of God.

79:12. It stretched forth its branches unto the sea, and its boughs
unto the river.

79:13. Why hast thou broken down the hedge thereof, so that all they
who pass by the way do pluck it?

79:14. The boar out of the wood hath laid it waste:  and a singular wild
beast hath devoured it.

79:15. Turn again, O God of hosts, look down from heaven, and see, and
visit this vineyard:

79:16. And perfect the same which thy right hand hath planted:  and upon
the son of man whom thou hast confirmed for thyself.

79:17. Things set on fire and dug down shall perish at the rebuke of
thy countenance.

Things set on fire, etc. . .So this vineyard of thine, almost consumed
already, must perish, if thou continue thy rebukes.

79:18. Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand:  and upon the son
of man whom thou hast confirmed for thyself.

The man of thy right hand. . .Christ.

79:19. And we depart not from thee, thou shalt quicken us:  and we will
call upon thy name.

79:20. O Lord God of hosts, convert us and shew thy face, and we shall
be saved.

Psalms Chapter 80

Exultate Deo.

An invitation to a solemn praising of God.

80:1. Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for Asaph himself.

For the winepresses, etc. . .Torcularibus.  It either signifies a musical
instrument, or that this psalm was to be sung at the feast of the
tabernacles after the gathering in of the vintage.

80:2. Rejoice to God our helper:  sing aloud to the God of Jacob.

80:3. Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel:  the pleasant psaltery
with the harp.

80:4. Blow up the trumpet on the new moon, on the noted day of your

80:5. For it is a commandment in Israel, and a judgment to the God of

80:6. He ordained it for a testimony in Joseph, when he came out of the
land of Egypt:  he heard a tongue which he knew not.

80:7. He removed his back from the burdens:  his hands had served in

80:8. Thou calledst upon me in affliction, and I delivered thee:  I
heard thee in the secret place of tempest:  I proved thee at the waters
of contradiction.

In the secret place of tempest. . .Heb., Of thunder.  When thou soughtest
to hide thyself from the tempest:  or, when I came down to mount Sina,
hidden from thy eyes in a storm of thunder.

80:9. Hear, O my people, and I will testify to thee:  O Israel, if thou
wilt hearken to me,

80:10. there shall be no new god in thee:  neither shalt
thou adore a strange god.

80:11. For I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of
Egypt:  open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it.

80:12. But my people heard not my voice:  and Israel hearkened not to

80:13. So I let them go according to the desires of their heart:  they
shall walk in their own inventions.

80:14. If my people had heard me:  if Israel had walked in my ways:

80:15. I should soon have humbled their enemies, and laid my hand on
them that troubled them.

80:16. The enemies of the Lord have lied to him:  and their time shall
be for ever.

Their time shall be forever. . .Impenitent sinners shall suffer for

80:17. And he fed them with the fat of wheat, and filled them with
honey out of the rock.

Psalms Chapter 81

Deus stetit.

An exhortation to judges and men in power.

81:1. A psalm for Asaph.  God hath stood in the congregation of gods:
and being in the midst of them he judgeth gods.

81:2. How long will you judge unjustly:  and accept the persons of the

81:3. Judge for the needy and fatherless:  do justice to the humble and
the poor.

81:4. Rescue the poor; and deliver the needy out of the hand of the

81:5. They have not known nor understood:  they walk on in darkness:  all
the foundations of the earth shall be moved.

81:6. I have said:  You are gods and all of you the sons of the most

81:7. But you like men shall die:  and shall fall like one of the

81:8. Arise, O God, judge thou the earth:  for thou shalt inherit among
all the nations.

Psalms Chapter 82

Deus, quis similis.

A prayer against the enemies of God's church.

82:1. A canticle of a psalm for Asaph.

82:2. O God, who shall be like to thee?  hold not thy peace, neither be
thou still, O God.

82:3. For lo, thy enemies have made a noise:  and they that hate thee
have lifted up the head.

82:4. They have taken a malicious counsel against thy people, and have
consulted against thy saints.

82:5. They have said:  Come and let us destroy them, so that they be not
a nation:  and let the name of Israel be remembered no more.

82:6. For they have contrived with one consent:  they have made a
covenant together against thee,

82:7. The tabernacle of the Edomites, and the Ishmahelites:  Moab, and
the Agarens,

82:8. Gebal, and Ammon and Amalec:  the Philistines, with the
inhabitants of Tyre.

82:9. Yea, and the Assyrian also is joined with them:  they are come to
the aid of the sons of Lot.

82:10. Do to them as thou didst to Madian and to Sisara:  as to Jabin at
the brook of Cisson.

82:11. Who perished at Endor:  and became as dung for the earth.

82:12. Make their princes like Oreb, and Zeb, and Zebee, and Salmana.
All their princes,

82:13. Who have said:  Let us possess the sanctuary of God for an

82:14. O my God, make them like a wheel; and as stubble before the

82:15. As fire which burneth the wood:  and as a flame burning

82:16. So shalt thou pursue them with thy tempest:  and shalt trouble
them in thy wrath.

82:17. Fill their faces with shame; and they shall seek thy name, O

82:18. Let them be ashamed and troubled for ever and ever:  and let them
be confounded and perish.

82:19. And let them know that the Lord is thy name:  thou alone art the
most High over all the earth.

Psalms Chapter 83

Quam dilecta.

The soul aspireth after heaven; rejoicing in the mean time, in being in
the communion of God's church upon earth.

83:1. Unto the end, for the winepresses, a psalm for the sons of Core.

83:2. How lovely are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts!

83:3. my soul longeth and fainteth for the courts of the Lord.  My heart
and my flesh have rejoiced in the living God.

83:4. For the sparrow hath found herself a house, and the turtle a nest
for herself where she may lay her young ones:  Thy altars, O Lord of
hosts, my king and my God.

83:5. Blessed are they that dwell in thy house, O Lord:  they shall
praise thee for ever and ever.

83:6. Blessed is the man whose help is from thee:  in his heart he hath
disposed to ascend by steps,

In his heart he hath disposed to ascend by steps, etc. . .Ascensiones in
corde suo disposuit.  As by steps men ascended to the temple of God
situated on a hill; so the good Christian ascends towards the eternal
temple by certain steps of virtue disposed or ordered within the heart:
and this whilst he lives as yet in the body, in this vale of tears, the
place which man hath set:  that is, which he hath brought himself to:
being cast out of paradise for his sin.

83:7. In the vale of tears, in the place which he hath set.

83:8. For the lawgiver shall give a blessing, they shall go from virtue
to virtue:  the God of gods shall be seen in Sion.

83:9. O Lord God of hosts, hear my prayer:  give ear, O God of Jacob.

83:10. Behold, O God our protector:  and look on the face of thy Christ.

83:11. For better is one day in thy courts above thousands.  I have
chosen to be an abject in the house of my God, rather than to dwell in
the tabernacles of sinners.

83:12. For God loveth mercy and truth:  the Lord will give grace and

83:13. He will not deprive of good things them that walk in innocence:
O Lord of hosts, blessed is the man that trusteth in thee.

Psalms Chapter 84

Benedixisti, Domine.

The coming of Christ, to bring peace and salvation to man.

84:1. Unto the end, for the sons of Core, a psalm.

84:2. Lord, thou hast blessed thy land:  thou hast turned away the
captivity of Jacob.

84:3. Thou hast forgiven the iniquity of thy people:  thou hast covered
all their sins.

84:4. Thou hast mitigated all thy anger:  thou hast turned away from the
wrath of thy indignation.

84:5. Convert us, O God our saviour:  and turn off thy anger from us.

84:6. Wilt thou be angry with us for ever:  or wilt thou extend thy
wrath from generation to generation?

84:7. Thou wilt turn, O God, and bring us to life:  and thy people shall
rejoice in thee.

84:8. Shew us, O Lord, thy mercy; and grant us thy salvation.

84:9. I will hear what the Lord God will speak in me:  for he will speak
peace unto his people:  And unto his saints:  and unto them that are
converted to the heart.

84:10. Surely his salvation is near to them that fear him :  that glory
may dwell in our land.

84:11. Mercy and truth have met each other:  justice and peace have

84:12. Truth is sprung out of the earth:  and justice hath looked down
from heaven.

84:13. For the Lord will give goodness:  and our earth shall yield her

84:14. Justice shall walk before him:  and ,shall set his steps in the

Psalms Chapter 85

Inclina, Domine.

A prayer for God's grace to assist us to the end.

85:1. A prayer for David himself.  Incline thy ear, O Lord, and hear me:
for I am needy and poor.

85:2. Preserve my soul, for I am holy:  save thy servant, O my God, that
trusteth in thee.

I am holy. . .I am by my office and profession dedicated to thy service.

85:3. Have mercy on me, O Lord, for I have cried to thee all the day.

85:4. Give joy to the soul of thy servant, for to thee, O Lord, I have
lifted up my soul.

85:5. For thou, O Lord, art sweet and mild:  and plenteous in mercy to
all that call upon thee.

85:6. Give ear, O Lord, to my prayer:  and attend to the voice of my

85:7. I have called upon thee in the day of my trouble:  because thou
hast heard me.

85:8. There is none among the gods like unto thee, O Lord:  and there is
none according to thy works.

85:9. All the nations thou hast made shall come and adore before thee,
O Lord:  and they shall glorify thy name.

85:10. For thou art great and dost wonderful things:  thou art God

85:11. Conduct me, O Lord, in thy way, and I will walk in thy truth:
let my heart rejoice that it may fear thy name.

85:12. I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with my whole heart, and I
will glorify thy name for ever:

85:13. For thy mercy is great towards me:  and thou hast delivered my
soul out of the lower hell.

85:14. O God, the wicked are risen up against me, and the assembly of
the mighty have sought my soul:  and they have not set thee before their

85:15. And thou, O Lord, art a God of compassion, and merciful,
patient, and of much mercy, and true.

85:16. O look upon me, and have mercy on me:  give thy command to thy
servant, and save the son of thy handmaid.

85:17. Shew me a token for good:  that they who hate me may see, and be
confounded, because thou, O Lord, hast helped me and hast comforted me.

Psalms Chapter 86

Fundamenta ejus.

The glory of the church of Christ.

86:1. For the sons of Core, a psalm of a canticle.  The foundations
thereof are the holy mountains:

The holy mountains. . .The apostles and prophets.  Eph. 2.20.

86:2. The Lord loveth the gates of Sion above all the tabernacles of

86:3. Glorious things are said of thee, O city of God.

86:4. I will be mindful of Rahab and of Babylon knowing me.  Behold the
foreigners, and Tyre, and the people of the Ethiopians, these were

Rahab. . .Egypt, etc.  To this Sion, which is the church of God, many
shall resort from all nations.

86:5. Shall not Sion say:  This man and that man is born in her?  and the
Highest himself hath founded her.

Shall not Sion say, etc. . .The meaning is, that Sion, viz., the church,
shall not only be able to commemorate this or that particular person of
renown born in her, but also to glory in great multitudes of people and
princes of her communion; who have been foretold in the writings of the
prophets, and registered in the writings of the apostles.

86:6. The Lord shall tell in his writings of peoples and of princes, of
them that have been in her.

86:7. The dwelling in thee is as it were of all rejoicing.

Psalms Chapter 87

Domine, Deus salutis.

A prayer of one under grievous affliction:  it agrees to Christ in his
passion, and alludes to his death and burial.

87:1. A canticle of a psalm for the sons of Core:  unto the end, for
Maheleth, to answer understanding of Eman the Ezrahite.

Maheleth. . .A musical instrument, or chorus of musicians, to answer one
another.--Ibid.  Understanding. . .Or a psalm of instruction, composed by
Eman the Ezrahite, or by David, in his name.

87:2. O Lord, the God of my salvation:  I have cried in the day, and in
the night before thee.

87:3. Let my prayer come in before thee:  incline thy ear to my

87:4. For my soul is filled with evils:  and my life hath drawn nigh to

87:5. I am counted among them that go down to the pit:  I am become as a
man without help,

87:6. Free among the dead.  Like the slain sleeping in the sepulchres,
whom thou rememberest no more:  and they are cut off from thy hand.

87:7. They have laid me in the lower pit:  in the dark places, and in
the shadow of death.

87:8. Thy wrath is strong over me:  and all thy waves thou hast brought
in upon me.

87:9. Thou hast put away my acquaintance far from me:  they have set me
an abomination to themselves.  I was delivered up, and came not forth:

87:10. My eyes languished through poverty.  All the day I cried to thee,
O Lord:  I stretched out my hands to thee.

87:11. Wilt thou shew wonders to the dead?  or shall physicians raise to
life, and give praise to thee?

87:12. Shall any one in the sepulchre declare thy mercy:  and thy truth
in destruction?

87:13. Shall thy wonders be known in the dark; and thy justice in the
land of forgetfulness?

87:14. But I, O Lord, have cried to thee:  and in the morning my prayer
shall prevent thee.

87:15. Lord, why castest thou off my prayer:  why turnest thou away thy
face from me?

87:16. I am poor, and in labours from my youth:  and being exalted have
been humbled and troubled.

87:17. Thy wrath hath come upon me:  and thy terrors have troubled me.

87:18. They have come round about me like water all the day:  they have
compassed me about together.

87:19. Friend and neighbour thou hast put far from me:  and my
acquaintance, because of misery.

Psalms Chapter 88

Misericordias Domini.

The perpetuity of the church of Christ, in consequence of the promise
of God:  which, notwithstanding, God permits her to suffer sometimes
most grievous afflictions.

88:1. Of understanding, for Ethan the Ezrahite.

88:2. The mercies of the Lord I will sing for ever.  I will shew forth
thy truth with my mouth to generation and generation.

88:3. For thou hast said:  Mercy shall be built up for ever in the
heavens:  thy truth shall be prepared in them.

88:4. I have made a covenant with my elect:  I have sworn to David my

88:5. Thy seed will I settle for ever.  And I will build up thy throne
unto generation and generation.

88:6. The heavens shall confess thy wonders, O Lord:  and thy truth in
the church of the saints.

88:7. For who in the clouds can be compared to the Lord:  or who among
the sons of God shall be like to God?

88:8. God, who is glorified in the assembly of the saints:  great and
terrible above all them that are about him.

88:9. O Lord God of hosts, who is like to thee?  thou art mighty, O
Lord, and thy truth is round about thee.

88:10. Thou rulest the power of the sea:  and appeasest the motion of
the waves thereof.

88:11. Thou hast humbled the proud one, as one that is slain:  with the
arm of thy strength thou hast scattered thy enemies.

88:12. Thine are the heavens, and thine is the earth:  the world and the
fulness thereof thou hast founded:

88:13. The north and the sea thou hast created.  Thabor and Hermon shall
rejoice in thy name:

88:14. Thy arm is with might.  Let thy hand be strengthened, and thy
right hand exalted:

88:15. Justice and judgment are the preparation of thy throne.  Mercy
and truth shall go before thy face:

88:16. Blessed is the people that knoweth jubilation.  They shall walk,
O Lord, in the light of thy countenance:

88:17. And in thy name they shall rejoice all the day, and in thy
justice they shall be exalted.

88:18. For thou art the glory of their strength:  and in thy good
pleasure shall our horn be exalted.

88:19. For our protection is of the Lord, and of our king the holy one
of Israel.

88:20. Then thou spokest in a vision to thy saints, and saidst:  I have
laid help upon one that is mighty, and have exalted one chosen out of
my people.

88:21. I have found David my servant:  with my holy oil I have anointed

88:22. For my hand shall help him:  and my arm shall strengthen him.

88:23. The enemy shall have no advantage over him:  nor the son of
iniquity have power to hurt him.

88:24. And I will cut down his enemies before his face; and them that
hate him I will put to flight.

88:25. And my truth and my mercy shall be with him:  and in my name
shall his horn be exalted.

88:26. And I will set his hand in the sea; and his right hand in the

88:27. He shall cry out to me:  Thou art my father:  my God, and the
support of my salvation.

88:28. And I will make him my firstborn, high above the kings of the

88:29. I will keep my mercy for him for ever:  and my covenant faithful
to him.

88:30. And I will make his seed to endure for evermore:  and his throne
as the days of heaven.

88:31. And if his children forsake my law, and walk not in my

88:32. If they profane my justices:  and keep not my commandments:

88:33. I will visit their iniquities with a rod and their sins with

88:34. But my mercy I will not take away from him:  nor will I suffer my
truth to fail.

88:35. Neither will I profane my covenant:  and the words that proceed
from my mouth I will not make void.

88:36. Once have I sworn by my holiness:  I will not lie unto David:

88:37. His seed shall endure for ever.

88:38. And his throne as the sun before me:  and as the moon perfect for
ever, and a faithful witness in heaven.

88:39. But thou hast rejected and despised:  thou hast been angry with
my anointed.

88:40. Thou hast overthrown the covenant of thy servant:  thou hast
profaned his sanctuary on the earth.

Overthrown the covenant, etc. . .All this seems to relate to the time of
the captivity of Babylon, in which, for the sins of the people and
their princes, God seemed to have set aside for a while the covenant he
made with David.

88:41. Thou hast broken down all his hedges:  thou hast made his
strength fear.

88:42. All that pass by the way have robbed him:  he is become a
reproach to his neighbours.

88:43. Thou hast set up the right hand of them that oppress him:  thou
hast made all his enemies to rejoice.

88:44. Thou hast turned away the help of his sword; and hast not
assisted him in battle.

88:45. Thou hast made his purification to cease:  and thou hast cast his
throne down to the ground.

88:46. Thou hast shortened the days of his time:  thou hast covered him
with confusion.

88:47. How long, O Lord, turnest thou away unto the end?  shall thy
anger burn like fire?

88:48. Remember what my substance is:  for hast thou made all the
children of men in vain?

88:49. Who is the man that shall live, and not see death:  that shall
deliver his soul from the hand of hell?

88:50. Lord, where are thy ancient mercies, according to what thou
didst swear to David in thy truth?

88:51. Be mindful, O Lord, of the reproach of thy servants (which I
have held in my bosom) of many nations:

88:52. Wherewith thy enemies have reproached, O Lord; wherewith they
have reproached the change of thy anointed.

88:53. Blessed be the Lord for evermore.  So be it.  So be it.

Psalms Chapter 89

Domine, refugium.

A prayer for the mercy of God:  recounting the shortness and miseries of
the days of man.

89:1. A prayer of Moses the man of God.  Lord, thou hast been our refuge
from generation to generation.

89:2. Before the mountains were made, or the earth and the world was
formed; from eternity and to eternity thou art God.

89:3. Turn not man away to be brought low:  and thou hast said:  Be
converted, O ye sons of men.

Turn not man away, etc. . .Suffer him not quite to perish from thee,
since thou art pleased to call upon him to be converted to thee.

89:4. For a thousand years in thy sight are as yesterday, which is
past.  And as a watch in the night,

89:5. Things that are counted nothing, shall their years be.

89:6. In the morning man shall grow up like grass; in the morning he
shall flourish and pass away:  in the evening he shall fall, grow dry,
and wither.

89:7. For in thy wrath we have fainted away:  and are troubled in thy

89:8. Thou hast set our iniquities before thy eyes:  our life in the
light of thy countenance.

89:9. For all our days are spent; and in thy wrath we have fainted
away.  Our years shall be considered as a spider:

As a spider. . .As frail and weak as a spider's web; and miserable
withal, whilst like a spider we spend our bowels in weaving webs to
catch flies.

89:10. The days of our years in them are threescore and ten years.  But
if in the strong they be fourscore years:  and what is more of them is
labour and sorrow.  For mildness is come upon us:  and we shall be

Mildness is come upon us, etc. . .God's mildness corrects us; inasmuch
as he deals kindly with us, in shortening the days of this miserable
life; and so weaning our affections from all its transitory enjoyments,
and teaching us true wisdom.

89:11. Who knoweth the power of thy anger, and for thy fear

89:12. Can number thy wrath?  So make thy right hand known:  and men
learned in heart, in wisdom.

89:13. Return, O Lord, how long?  and be entreated in favour of thy

89:14. We are filled in the morning with thy mercy:  and we have
rejoiced, and are delighted all our days.

89:15. We have rejoiced for the days in which thou hast humbled us:  for
the years in which we have seen evils.

89:16. Look upon thy servants and upon their works:  and direct their

89:17. And let the brightness of the Lord our God be upon us:  and
direct thou the works of our hands over us; yea, the work of our hands
do thou direct.

Psalms Chapter 90

Qui habitat.

The just is secure under the protection of God.

90:1. The praise of a canticle for David.  He that dwelleth in the aid
of the most High, shall abide under the protection of the God of Jacob.

90:2. He shall say to the Lord:  Thou art my protector, and my refuge:
my God, in him will I trust.

90:3. For he hath delivered me from the snare of the hunters:  and from
the sharp word.

90:4. He will overshadow thee with his shoulders:  and under his wings
thou shalt trust.

90:5. His truth shall compass thee with a shield:  thou shalt not be
afraid of the terror of the night.

90:6. Of the arrow that flieth in the day, of the business that walketh
about in the dark:  of invasion, or of the noonday devil.

90:7. A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right
hand:  but it shall not come nigh thee.

90:8. But thou shalt consider with thy eyes:  and shalt see the reward
of the wicked.

90:9. Because thou, O Lord, art my hope:  thou hast made the most High
thy refuge.

90:10. There shall no evil come to thee:  nor shall the scourge come
near thy dwelling.

90:11. For he hath given his angels charge over thee; to keep thee in
all thy ways.

90:12. In their hands they shall bear thee up:  lest thou dash thy foot
against a stone.

90:13. Thou shalt walk upon the asp and the basilisk:  and thou shalt
trample under foot the lion and the dragon.

90:14. Because he hoped in me I will deliver him:  I will protect him
because he hath known my name.

90:15. He shall cry to me, and I will hear him:  I am with him in
tribulation, I will deliver him, and I will glorify him.

90:16. I will fill him with length of days; and I will shew him my

Psalms Chapter 91

Bonum est confiteri.

God is to be praised for his wondrous works.

91:1. A psalm of a canticle on the sabbath day.

91:2. It is good to give praise to the Lord:  and to sing to thy name, O
most High.

91:3. To shew forth thy mercy in the morning, and thy truth in the

91:4. Upon an instrument of ten strings, upon the psaltery:  with a
canticle upon the harp.

91:5. For thou hast given me, O Lord, a delight in thy doings:  and in
the works of thy hands I shall rejoice.

91:6. O Lord, how great are thy works! thy thoughts are exceeding deep.

91:7. The senseless man shall not know:  nor will the fool understand
these things.

91:8. When the wicked shall spring up as grass:  and all the workers of
iniquity shall appear:  That they may perish for ever and ever:

91:9. But thou, O Lord, art most high for evermore.

91:10. For behold thy enemies, O lord, for behold thy enemies shall
perish:  and all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered.

91:11. But my horn shall be exalted like that of the unicorn:  and my
old age in plentiful mercy.

91:12. My eye also hath looked down upon my enemies:  and my ear shall
hear of the downfall of the malignant that rise up against me.

91:13. The just shall flourish like the palm tree:  he shall grow up
like the cedar of Libanus.

91:14. They that are planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish in
the courts of the house of our God.

91:15. They shall still increase in a fruitful old age:  and shall be
well treated,

91:16. That they may shew, That the Lord our God is righteous, and
there is no iniquity in him.

Psalms Chapter 92

Dominus regnavit.

The glory and stability of the kingdom; that is, of the church of

Praise in the way of a canticle, for David himself, on the day before
the sabbath, when the earth was founded.

92:1. The Lord hath reigned, he is clothed with beauty:  the Lord is
clothed with strength, and hath girded himself.  For he hath established
the world which shall not be moved.

92:2. My throne is prepared from of old:  thou art from everlasting.

92:3. The floods have lifted up, O Lord:  the floods have lifted up
their voice.  The floods have lifted up their waves,

92:4. With the noise of many waters.  Wonderful are the surges of the
sea:  wonderful is the Lord on high.

92:5. Thy testimonies are become exceedingly credible:  holiness
becometh thy house, O Lord, unto length of days.

Psalms Chapter 93

Deus ultionum.

God shall judge and punish the oppressors of his people.

A psalm for David himself on the fourth day of the week.

93:1. The Lord is the God to whom revenge belongeth:  the God of revenge
hath acted freely.

93:2. Lift up thyself, thou that judgest the earth:  render a reward to
the proud.

93:3. How long shall sinners, O Lord:  how long shall sinners glory?

93:4. Shall they utter, and speak iniquity:  shall all speak who work

93:5. Thy people, O Lord, they have brought low:  and they have
afflicted thy inheritance.

93:6. They have slain the widow and the stranger:  and they have
murdered the fatherless.

93:7. And they have said:  The Lord shall not see:  neither shall the God
of Jacob understand.

93:8. Understand, ye senseless among the people:  and, you fools, be
wise at last.

93:9. He that planted the ear, shall he not hear?  or he that formed the
eye, doth he not consider?

93:10. He that chastiseth nations, shall he not rebuke:  he that
teacheth man knowledge?

93:11. The Lord knoweth the thoughts of men, that they are vain.

93:12. Blessed is the man whom thou shalt instruct, O Lord:  and shalt
teach him out of thy law.

93:13. That thou mayst give him rest from the evil days:  till a pit be
dug for the wicked.

Rest from the evil days. . .That thou mayst mitigate the sorrows, to
which he is exposed, during the short and evil days of his mortality.

93:14. For the Lord will not cast off his people:  neither will he
forsake his own inheritance.

93:15. Until justice be turned into judgment:  and they that are near it
are all the upright in heart.

Until justice be turned into judgment, etc. . .By being put in
execution; which will be agreeable to all the upright in heart.

93:16. Who shall rise up for me against the evildoers?  or who shall
stand with me against the workers of iniquity?

93:17. Unless the Lord had been my helper, my soul had almost dwelt in

93:18. If I said:  My foot is moved:  thy mercy, O Lord, assisted me.

93:19. According to the multitude of my sorrows in my heart, thy
comforts have given joy to my soul.

93:20. Doth the seat of iniquity stick to thee, who framest labour in

Doth the seat of iniquity stick to thee, etc. . .That is, wilt thou, O
God, who art always just, admit of the seat of iniquity:  that is, of
injustice, or unjust judges, to have any partnership with thee?  Thou
who framest, or makest, labour in commandment, that is, thou who
obligest us to labour with all diligence to keep thy commandments.

93:21. They will hunt after the soul of the just, and will condemn
innocent blood.

93:22. But the Lord is my refuge:  and my God the help of my hope.

93:23. And he will render them their iniquity :  and in their malice he
will destroy them:  the Lord our God will destroy them.

Psalms Chapter 94

Venite exultemus.

An invitation to adore and serve God, and to hear his voice.

Praise of a canticle for David himself.

94:1. Come let us praise the Lord with joy:  let us joyfully sing to God
our saviour.

94:2. Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving; and make a
joyful noise to him with psalms.

94:3. For the Lord is a great God, and a great King above all gods.

94:4. For in his hand are all the ends of the earth:  and the heights of
the mountains are his.

94:5. For the sea is his, and he made it:  and his hands formed the dry

94:6. Come let us adore and fall down:  and weep before the Lord that
made us.

94:7. For he is the Lord our God:  and we are the people of his pasture
and the sheep of his hand.

94:8. To day if you shall hear his voice, harden not your hearts:

94:9. As in the provocation, according to the day of temptation in the
wilderness:  where your fathers tempted me, they proved me, and saw my

94:10. Forty years long was I offended with that generation, and I
said:  These always err in heart.

94:11. And these men have not known my ways:  so I swore in my wrath
that they shall not enter into my rest.

Psalms Chapter 95

Cantate Domino.

An exhortation to praise God for the coming of Christ and his kingdom.

95:1. A canticle for David himself, when the house was built after the
captivity.  Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle:  sing to the Lord, all
the earth.

When the house was built, etc. . .Alluding to that time, and then
ordered to be sung:  but principally relating to the building of the
church of Christ, after our redemption from the captivity of Satan.

95:2. Sing ye to the Lord and bless his name:  shew forth his salvation
from day to day.

95:3. Declare his glory among the Gentiles:  his wonders among all

95:4. For the Lord is great, and exceedingly to be praised:  he is to be
feared above all gods.

95:5. For all the gods of the Gentiles are devils:  but the Lord made
the heavens.

95:6. Praise and beauty are before him:  holiness and majesty in his

95:7. Bring ye to the Lord, O ye kindreds of the Gentiles, bring ye to
the Lord glory and honour:

95:8. Bring to the Lord glory unto his name.  Bring up sacrifices, and
come into his courts:

95:9. Adore ye the Lord in his holy court.  Let all the earth be moved
at his presence.

95:10. Say ye among the Gentiles, the Lord hath reigned.  For he hath
corrected the world, which shall not be moved:  he will judge the people
with justice.

95:11. Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad, let the sea
be moved, and the fulness thereof:

95:12. The fields and all things that are in them shall be joyful.  Then
shall all the trees of the woods rejoice

95:13. before the face of the Lord, because he cometh:  because he
cometh to judge the earth.  He shall judge the world with justice, and
the people with his truth.

Psalms Chapter 96

Dominus regnavit.

All are invited to rejoice at the glorious coming and reign of Christ.

96:1. For the same David, when his land was restored again to him.  The
Lord hath reigned, let the earth rejoice:  let many islands be glad.

96:2. Clouds and darkness are round about him:  justice and judgment are
the establishment of his throne.

Clouds and darkness. . .The coming of Christ in the clouds with great
terror and majesty to judge the world, is here prophesied.

96:3. A fire shall go before him, and shall burn his enemies round

96:4. His lightnings have shone forth to the world:  the earth saw and

96:5. The mountains melted like wax, at the presence of the Lord:  at
the presence of the Lord of all the earth.

96:6. The heavens declared his justice:  and all people saw his glory.

96:7. Let them be all confounded that adore graven things, and that
glory in their idols.  Adore him, all you his angels:

96:8. Sion heard, and was glad.  And the daughters of Juda rejoiced,
because of thy judgments, O Lord.

96:9. For thou art the most high Lord over all the earth:  thou art
exalted exceedingly above all gods.

96:10. You that love the Lord, hate evil:  the Lord preserveth the souls
of his saints, he will deliver them out of the hand of the sinner.

96:11. Light is risen to the just, and joy to the right of heart.

96:12. Rejoice, ye just, in the Lord:  and give praise to the
remembrance of his holiness.

Psalms Chapter 97

Cantate Domino.

All are again invited to praise the Lord, for the victories of Christ.

97:1. A psalm for David himself.  Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle:
because he hath done wonderful things.  His right hand hath wrought for
him salvation, and his arm is holy.

97:2. The Lord hath made known his salvation:  he hath revealed his
justice in the sight of the Gentiles.

97:3. He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of
Israel.  All the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.

97:4. Sing joyfully to God, all the earth; make melody, rejoice and

97:5. Sing praise to the Lord on the harp, on the harp, and with the
voice of a psalm:

97:6. With long trumpets, and sound of cornet.  Make a joyful noise
before the Lord our king:

97:7. Let the sea be moved and the fullness thereof:  the world and they
that dwell therein.

97:8. The rivers shall clap their hands, the mountains shall rejoice

97:9. At the presence of the Lord:  because he cometh to judge the
earth.  He shall judge the world with justice, and the people with

Psalms Chapter 98

Dominus regnavit.

The reign of the Lord in Sion:  that is, of Christ in his church.

98:1. A psalm for David himself.  The Lord hath reigned, let the people
be angry:  he that sitteth on the cherubims:  let the earth be moved.

Let the people be angry. . .Though many enemies rage, and the whole
earth be stirred up to oppose the reign of Christ, he shall still

98:2. The lord is great in Sion, and high above all people.

98:3. Let them give praise to thy great name:  for it is terrible and

98:4. And the king's honour loveth judgment.  Thou hast prepared
directions:  thou hast done judgment and justice in Jacob.

Loveth judgment. . .Requireth discretion.--Ibid.  Directions. . .Most
right and just laws to direct men.

98:5. Exalt ye the Lord our God, and adore his footstool, for it is

Adore his footstool. . .The ark of the covenant was called, in the Old
Testament, God's footstool:  over which he was understood to sit, on his
propitiatory, or mercy seat, as on a throne, between the wings of the
cherubims, in the sanctuary:  to which the children of Israel paid a
great veneration.  But as this psalm evidently relates to Christ, and
the New Testament, where the ark has no place, the holy fathers
understand this text, of the worship paid by the church to the body and
blood of Christ in the sacred mysteries:  inasmuch as the humanity of
Christ is, as it were, the footstool of the divinity.  So St. Ambrose,
L. 3.  De Spiritu Sancto, c. 12.  And St. Augustine upon this psalm.

98:6. Moses and Aaron among his priests:  and Samuel among them that
call upon his name.  They called upon the Lord, and he heard them:

Moses and Aaron among his priests. . .By this it is evident, that Moses
also was a priest, and indeed the chief priest, inasmuch as he
consecrated Aaron, and offered sacrifice for him.  Lev. 8.  So that his
pre-eminence over Aaron makes nothing for lay church headship.

98:7. He spoke to them in the pillar of the cloud.  They kept his
testimonies, and the commandment which he gave them.

98:8. Thou didst hear them, O Lord our God:  thou wast a merciful God to
them, and taking vengeance on all their inventions.

All their inventions. . .that is, all the enterprises of their enemies
against them, as in the case of Core, Dathan, and Abiron.

98:9. Exalt ye the Lord our God, and adore at his holy mountain:  for
the Lord our God is holy.

Psalms Chapter 99

Jubilate Deo.

All are invited to rejoice in God the creator of all.

99:1. A psalm of praise.

99:2. Sing joyfully to God, all the earth:  serve ye the Lord with
gladness.  Come in before his presence with exceeding great joy.

99:3. Know ye that the Lord he is God:  he made us, and not we
ourselves.  We are his people and the sheep of his pasture.

99:4. Go ye into his gates with praise, into his courts with hymns:  and
give glory to him.  Praise ye his name:

99:5. For the Lord is sweet, his mercy endureth for ever, and his truth
to generation and generation.

Psalms Chapter 100

Misericordiam et judicium.

The prophet exhorteth all by his example, to follow mercy and justice.

100:1. A psalm for David himself.  Mercy and judgment I will sing to
thee, O Lord:  I will sing,

100:2. And I will understand in the unspotted way, when thou shalt come
to me.  I walked in the innocence of my heart, in the midst of my house.

I will understand, etc. . .That is, I will apply my mind, I will do my
endeavour, to know and to follow the perfect way of thy commandments:
not trusting to my own strength, but relying on thy coming to me by thy

100:3. I will not set before my eyes any unjust thing:  I hated the
workers of iniquities.

100:4. The perverse heart did not cleave to me:  and the malignant, that
turned aside from me, I would not know.

100:5. The man that in private detracted his neighbour, him did I
persecute.  With him that had a proud eye, and an unsatiable heart, I
would not eat.

100:6. My eyes were upon the faithful of the earth, to sit with me:  the
man that walked in the perfect way, he served me.

100:7. He that worketh pride shall not dwell in the midst of my house:
he that speaketh unjust things did not prosper before my eyes.

100:8. In the morning I put to death all the wicked of the land:  that I
might cut off all the workers of iniquity from the city of the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 101

Domine, exaudi.

A prayer for one in affliction:  the fifth penitential psalm.

101:1. The prayer of the poor man, when he was anxious, and poured out
his supplication before the Lord.

101:2. Hear, O Lord, my prayer:  and let my cry come to thee.

101:3. Turn not away thy face from me:  in the day when I am in trouble,
incline thy ear to me.  In what day soever I shall call upon thee, hear
me speedily.

101:4. For my days are vanished like smoke, and my bones are grown dry
like fuel for the fire.

101:5. I am smitten as grass, and my heart is withered:  because I
forgot to eat my bread.

101:6. Through the voice of my groaning, my bone hath cleaved to my

101:7. I am become like to a pelican of the wilderness:  I am like a
night raven in the house.

A pelican, etc. . .I am become through grief, like birds that affect
solitude and darkness.

101:8. I have watched, and am become as a sparrow all alone on the

101:9. All the day long my enemies reproached me:  and they that praised
me did swear against me.

101:10. For I did eat ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with

101:11. Because of thy anger and indignation:  for having lifted me up
thou hast thrown me down.

101:12. My days have declined like a shadow, and I am withered like

101:13. But thou, O Lord, endurest for ever:  and thy memorial to all

101:14. Thou shalt arise and have mercy on Sion:  for it is time to have
mercy on it, for the time is come.

101:15. For the stones thereof have pleased thy servants:  and they
shall have pity on the earth thereof.

101:16. All the Gentiles shall fear thy name, O Lord, and all the kings
of the earth thy glory.

101:17. For the Lord hath built up Sion:  and he shall be seen in his

101:18. He hath had regard to the prayer of the humble:  and he hath not
despised their petition.

101:19. Let these things be written unto another generation:  and the
people that shall be created shall praise the Lord:

101:20. Because he hath looked forth from his high sanctuary:  from
heaven the Lord hath looked upon the earth.

101:21. That he might hear the groans of them that are in fetters:  that
he might release the children of the slain:

101:22. That they may declare the name of the Lord in Sion:  and his
praise in Jerusalem;

101:23. When the people assemble together, and kings, to serve the

101:24. He answered him in the way of his strength:  Declare unto me the
fewness of my days.

He answered him in the way of his strength. . .That is, the people,
mentioned in the foregoing verse, or the penitent, in whose person this
psalm is delivered, answered the Lord in the way of his strength:  that
is, according to the best of his power and strength:  or when he was in
the flower of his age and strength:  inquiring after the fewness of his
days:  to know if he should live long enough to see the happy
restoration of Sion, etc.

101:25. Call me not away in the midst of my days:  thy years are unto
generation and generation.

101:26. In the beginning, O Lord, thou foundedst the earth:  and the
heavens are the works of thy hands.

101:27. They shall perish but thou remainest:  and all of them shall
grow old like a garment:  And as a vesture thou shalt change them, and
they shall be changed.

101:28. But thou art always the selfsame, and thy years shall not fail.

101:29. The children of thy servants shall continue and their seed
shall be directed for ever.

Psalms Chapter 102

Benedic, anima.

Thanksgiving to God for his mercies.

102:1. For David himself.  Bless the Lord, O my soul:  and let all that
is within me bless his holy name.

102:2. Bless the Lord, O my soul, and never forget all he hath done for

102:3. Who forgiveth all thy iniquities:  who healeth all thy diseases.

102:4. Who redeemeth thy life from destruction:  who crowneth thee with
mercy and compassion.

102:5. Who satisfieth thy desire with good things:  thy youth shall be
renewed like the eagle's.

102:6. The Lord doth mercies, and judgment for all that suffer wrong.

102:7. He hath made his ways known to Moses:  his wills to the children
of Israel.

102:8. The Lord is compassionate and merciful:  longsuffering and
plenteous in mercy.

102:9. He will not always be angry:  nor will he threaten for ever.

102:10. He hath not dealt with us according to our sins:  nor rewarded
us according to our iniquities.

102:11. For according to the height of the heaven above the earth:  he
hath strengthened his mercy towards them that fear him.

102:12. As far as the east is from the west, so far hath he removed our
iniquities from us.

102:13. As a father hath compassion on his children, so hath the Lord
compassion on them that fear him:

102:14. For he knoweth our frame.  He remembereth that we are dust:

102:15. Man's days are as grass, as the flower of the field so shall he

102:16. For the spirit shall pass in him, and he shall not be:  and he
shall know his place no more.

102:17. But the mercy of the Lord is from eternity and unto eternity
upon them that fear him:  And his justice unto children's children,

102:18. To such as keep his covenant, And are mindful of his
commandments to do them.

102:19. The lord hath prepared his throne in heaven:  and his kingdom
shall rule over all.

102:20. Bless the Lord, all ye his angels:  you that are mighty in
strength, and execute his word, hearkening to the voice of his orders.

102:21. Bless the Lord, all ye his hosts:  you ministers of his that do
his will.

102:22. Bless the Lord, all his works:  in every place of his dominion,
O my soul, bless thou the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 103

Benedic, anima.

God is to be praised for his mighty works, and wonderful providence.

103:1. For David himself.  Bless the Lord, O my soul:  O Lord my God,
thou art exceedingly great.  Thou hast put on praise and beauty:

103:2. And art clothed with light as with a garment.  Who stretchest out
the heaven like a pavilion:

103:3. Who coverest the higher rooms thereof with water.  Who makest the
clouds thy chariot:  who walkest upon the wings of the winds.

103:4. Who makest thy angels spirits:  and thy ministers a burning fire.

103:5. Who hast founded the earth upon its own bases:  it shall not be
moved for ever and ever.

103:6. The deep like a garment is its clothing:  above the mountains
shall the waters stand.

103:7. At thy rebuke they shall flee:  at the voice of thy thunder they
shall fear.

103:8. The mountains ascend, and the plains descend into the place
which thou hast founded for them.

103:9. Thou hast set a bound which they shall not pass over; neither
shall they return to cover the earth.

103:10. Thou sendest forth springs in the vales:  between the midst of
the hills the waters shall pass.

103:11. All the beasts of the field shall drink:  the wild asses shall
expect in their thirst.

103:12. Over them the birds of the air shall dwell:  from the midst of
the rocks they shall give forth their voices.

103:13. Thou waterest the hills from thy upper rooms:  the earth shall
be filled with the fruit of thy works:

103:14. Bringing forth grass for cattle, and herb for the service of
men.  That thou mayst bring bread out of the earth:

103:15. And that wine may cheer the heart of man.  That he may make the
face cheerful with oil:  and that bread may strengthen man's heart.

103:16. The trees of the field shall be filled, and the cedars of
Libanus which he hath planted:

103:17. There the sparrows shall make their nests.  The highest of them
is the house of the heron.

103:18. The high hills are a refuge for the harts, the rock for the

103:19. He hath made the moon for seasons:  the sun knoweth his going

103:20. Thou hast appointed darkness, and it is night:  in it shall all
the beasts of the woods go about:

103:21. The young lions roaring after their prey, and seeking their
meat from God.

103:22. The sun ariseth, and they are gathered together:  and they shall
lie down in their dens.

103:23. Man shall go forth to his work, and to his labour until the

103:24. How great are thy works, O Lord ?  thou hast made all things in
wisdom:  the earth is filled with thy riches.

103:25. So is this great sea, which stretcheth wide its arms:  there are
creeping things without number:  Creatures little and great.

103:26. There the ships shall go.  This sea dragon which thou hast
formed to play therein.

103:27. All expect of thee that thou give them food in season.

103:28. What thou givest to them they shall gather up:  when thou
openest thy hand, they shall all be filled with good.

103:29. But if thou turnest away thy face, they shall be troubled:  thou
shalt take away their breath, and they shall fail, and shall return to
their dust.

103:30. Thou shalt send forth thy spirit, and they shall be created:
and thou shalt renew the face of the earth.

103:31. May the glory of the Lord endure for ever:  the Lord shall
rejoice in his works.

103:32. He looketh upon the earth, and maketh it tremble:  he troubleth
the mountains, and they smoke.

103:33. I will sing to the Lord as long as I live:  I will sing praise
to my God while I have my being.

103:34. Let my speech be acceptable to him:  but I will take delight in
the Lord.

103:35. Let sinners be consumed out of the earth, and the unjust, so
that they be no more:  O my soul, bless thou the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 104

Confitemini Domino.

A thanksgiving to God for his benefits to his people Israel.


104:1. Give glory to the Lord, and call upon his name:  declare his
deeds among the Gentiles.

104:2. Sing to him, yea sing praises to him:  relate all his wondrous

104:3. Glory ye in his holy name:  let the heart of them rejoice that
seek the Lord.

104:4. Seek ye the lord, and be strengthened:  seek his face evermore.

104:5. Remember his marvellous works which he hath done; his wonders,
and the judgments of his mouth.

104:6. O ye seed of Abraham his servant; ye sons of Jacob his chosen.

104:7. He is the Lord our God:  his judgments are in all the earth.

104:8. He hath remembered his covenant for ever:  the word which he
commanded to a thousand generations.

104:9. Which he made to Abraham; and his oath to Isaac:

104:10. And he appointed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for
an everlasting testament:

104:11. Saying:  To thee will I give the land of Chanaan, the lot of
your inheritance.

104:12. When they were but a small number:  yea very few, and sojourners

104:13. And they passed from nation to nation, and from one kingdom to
another people.

104:14. He suffered no man to hurt them:  and he reproved kings for
their sakes.

104:15. Touch ye not my anointed:  and do no evil to my prophets.

104:16. And he called a famine upon the land:  and he broke in pieces
all the support of bread.

104:17. He sent a man before them:  Joseph, who was sold for a slave.

104:18. They humbled his feet in fetters:  the iron pierced his soul,

104:19. Until his word came.  The word of the Lord inflamed him.

104:20. The king sent, and he released him:  the ruler of the people,
and he set him at liberty.

104:21. He made him master of his house, and ruler of all his

104:22. That he might instruct his princes as himself, and teach his
ancients wisdom.

104:23. And Israel went into Egypt:  and Jacob was a sojourner in the
land of Cham.

104:24. And he increased his people exceedingly:  and strengthened them
over their enemies.

104:25. He turned their heart to hate his people:  and to deal
deceitfully with his servants.

He turned their heart, etc. . .Not that God (who is never the author of
sin) moved the Egyptians to hate and persecute his people; but that the
Egyptians took occasion of hating and envying them, from the sight of
the benefits which God bestowed upon them.

104:26. He sent Moses his servant:  Aaron the man whom he had chosen.

104:27. He gave them power to shew them signs, and his wonders in the
land of Cham.

104:28. He sent darkness, and made it obscure:  and grieved not his

Grieved not his words. . .That is, he was not wanting to fulfil his
words:  or he did not grieve Moses and Aaron, the carriers of his words:
or he did not grieve his words, that is, his sons, the children of
Israel, who enjoyed light whilst the Egyptians were oppressed with

104:29. He turned their waters into blood, and destroyed their fish.

104:30. Their land brought forth frogs, in the inner chambers of their

104:31. He spoke, and there came divers sorts of flies and sciniphs in
all their coasts.

Sciniphs. . .See the annotation, Ex.8.16.

104:32. He gave them hail for rain, a burning fire in the land.

104:33. And he destroyed their vineyards and their fig trees:  and he
broke in pieces the trees of their coasts.

104:34. He spoke, and the locust came, and the bruchus, of which there
was no number.

Bruchus. . .An insect of the locust kind.

104:35. And they devoured all the grass in their land, and consumed all
the fruit of their ground.

104:36. And he slew all the firstborn in their land:  the firstfruits of
all their labour.

104:37. And he brought them out with silver and gold:  and there was not
among their tribes one that was feeble.

104:38. Egypt was glad when they departed:  for the fear of them lay
upon them.

104:39. He spread a cloud for their protection, and fire to give them
light in the night.

104:40. They asked, and the quail came:  and he filled them with the
bread of heaven.

104:41. He opened the rock, and waters flowed:  rivers ran down in the
dry land.

104:42. Because he remembered his holy word, which he had spoken to his
servant Abraham.

104:43. And he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with

104:44. And he gave them the lands of the Gentiles:  and they possessed
the labours of the people:

104:45. That they might observe his justifications, and seek after his

His justifications. . .That is, his commandments; which here, and in
many other places of the scripture, are called justifications, because
the keeping of them makes man just.  The Protestants render it by the
word statutes, in favour of their doctrine, which does not allow good
works to justify.

Psalms Chapter 105

Confitemini Domino.

A confession of the manifold sins and ingratitudes of the Israelites.


105:1. Give glory to the Lord, for he is good:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

105:2. Who shall declare the powers of the Lord?  who shall set forth
all his praises?

105:3. Blessed are they that keep judgment, and do justice at all

105:4. Remember us, O Lord, in the favour of thy people:  visit us with
thy salvation.

105:5. That we may see the good of thy chosen, that we may rejoice in
the joy of thy nation:  that thou mayst be praised with thy inheritance.

105:6. We have sinned with our fathers:  we have acted unjustly, we have
wrought iniquity.

105:7. Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt:  they remembered
not the multitude of thy mercies:  And they provoked to wrath going up
to the sea, even the Red Sea.

105:8. And he saved them for his own name's sake:  that he might make
his power known.

105:9. And he rebuked the Red Sea and it was dried up:  and he led them
through the depths, as in a wilderness.

105:10. And he saved them from the hand of them that hated them:  and he
redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.

105:11. And the water covered them that afflicted them:  there was not
one of them left.

105:12. And they believed his words:  and they sang his praises.

105:13. They had quickly done, they forgot his works:  and they waited
not for his counsel.

105:14. And they coveted their desire in the desert:  and they tempted
God in the place without water.

105:15. And he gave them their request:  and sent fulness into their

105:16. And they provoked Moses in the camp, Aaron the holy one of the

105:17. The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan:  and covered the
congregation of Abiron.

105:18. And a fire was kindled in their congregation:  the flame burned
the wicked.

105:19. They made also a calf in Horeb:  and they adored the graven

105:20. And they changed their glory into the likeness of a calf that
eateth grass.

105:21. They forgot God, who saved them, who had done great things in

105:22. Wondrous works in the land of Cham:  terrible things in the Red

105:23. And he said that he would destroy them:  had not Moses his
chosen stood before him in the breach:  To turn away his wrath, lest he
should destroy them.

105:24. And they set at nought the desirable land.  They believed not
his word,

105:25. And they murmured in their tents:  they hearkened not to the
voice of the Lord.

105:26. And he lifted up his hand over them:  to overthrow them in the

105:27. And to cast down their seed among the nations, and to scatter
them in the countries.

105:28. They also were initiated to Beelphegor:  and ate the sacrifices
of the dead.

Initiated. . .That is, they dedicated, or consecrated themselves to the
idol of the Moabites and Madianites, called Beelphegor, or Baal-Peor.
Num. 25.3.--Ibid.  The dead. . .Viz., idols without life.

105:29. And they provoked him with their inventions:  and destruction
was multiplied among them.

105:30. Then Phinees stood up, and pacified him:  and the slaughter

105:31. And it was reputed to him unto justice, to generation and
generation for evermore.

105:32. They provoked him also at the waters of contradiction:  and
Moses was afflicted for their sakes:

105:33. Because they exasperated his spirit.  And he distinguished with
his lips.

He distinguished with his lips. . .Moses, by occasion of the people's
rebellion and incredulity, was guilty of distinguishing with his lips;
when, instead of speaking to the rock, as God had commanded, he said to
the people, with a certain hesitation in his faith, Hear ye, rebellious
and incredulous:  Can we from this rock bring out water for you?  Num.

105:34. They did not destroy the nations of which the Lord spoke unto

105:35. And they were mingled among the heathens, and learned their

105:36. And served their idols, and it became a stumblingblock to them.

105:37. And they sacrificed their sons, and their daughters to devils.

105:38. And they shed innocent blood:  the blood of their sons and of
their daughters which they sacrificed to the idols of Chanaan.  And the
land was polluted with blood,

105:39. And was defiled with their works:  and they went aside after
their own inventions.

105:40. And the Lord was exceedingly angry with his people:  and he
abhorred his inheritance.

105:41. And he delivered them into the hands of the nations:  and they
that hated them had dominion over them.

105:42. And their enemies afflicted them:  and they were humbled under
their hands:

105:43. Many times did he deliver them.  But they provoked him with
their counsel:  and they were brought low by their iniquities.

105:44. And he saw when they were in tribulation:  and he heard their

105:45. And he was mindful of his covenant:  and repented according to
the multitude of his mercies.

105:46. And he gave them unto mercies, in the sight of all those that
had made them captives.

105:47. Save us, O Lord, our God:  and gather us from among the nations:
That we may give thanks to thy holy name, and may glory in thy praise.

105:48. Blessed be the Lord the God of Israel, from everlasting to
everlasting:  and let all the people say:  So be it, so be it.

Psalms Chapter 106

Confitemini Domino.

All are invited to give thanks to God for his perpetual providence over


106:1. Give glory to the Lord, for he is good:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

106:2. Let them say so that have been redeemed by the Lord, whom he
hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy:  and gathered out of the

106:3. From the rising and from the setting of the sun, from the north
and from the sea.

106:4. They wandered in a wilderness, in a place without water:  they
found not the way of a city for their habitation.

106:5. They were hungry and thirsty:  their soul fainted in them.

106:6. And they cried to the Lord in their tribulation:  and he
delivered them out of their distresses.

106:7. And he led them into the right way, that they might go to a city
of habitation.

106:8. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to him:  and his wonderful
works to the children of men.

106:9. For he hath satisfied the empty soul, and hath filled the hungry
soul with good things.

106:10. Such as sat in darkness and in the shadow of death:  bound in
want and in iron.

106:11. Because they had exasperated the words of God:  and provoked the
counsel of the most High:

106:12. And their heart was humbled with labours:  they were weakened,
and there was none to help them.

106:13. Then they cried to the Lord in their affliction:  and he
delivered them out of their distresses.

106:14. And he brought them out of darkness, and the shadow of death;
and broke their bonds in sunder.

106:15. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to him, and his
wonderful works to the children of men.

106:16. Because he hath broken gates of brass, and burst iron bars.

106:17. He took them out of the way of their iniquity:  for they were
brought low for their injustices.

106:18. Their soul abhorred all manner of meat:  and they drew nigh even
to the gates of death.

106:19. And they cried to the Lord in their affliction:  and he
delivered them out of their distresses.

106:20. He sent his word, and healed them:  and delivered them from
their destructions.

106:21. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to him:  and his
wonderful works to the children of men.

106:22. And let them sacrifice the sacrifice of praise:  and declare his
works with joy.

106:23. They that go down to the sea in ships, doing business in the
great waters:

106:24. These have seen the works of the Lord, and his wonders in the

106:25. He said the word, and there arose a storm of wind:  and the
waves thereof were lifted up.

106:26. They mount up to the heavens, and they go down to the depths:
their soul pined away with evils.

106:27. They were troubled, and reeled like a drunken man; and all
their wisdom was swallowed up.

106:28. And they cried to the Lord in their affliction:  and he brought
them out of their distresses.

106:29. And he turned the storm into a breeze:  and its waves were

106:30. And they rejoiced because they were still:  and he brought them
to the haven which they wished for.

106:31. Let the mercies of the Lord give glory to him, and his
wonderful works to the children of men.

106:32. And let them exalt him in the church of the people:  and praise
him in the chair of the ancients.

106:33. He hath turned rivers into a wilderness:  and the sources of
waters into dry ground:

106:34. A fruitful land into barrenness, for the wickedness of them
that dwell therein.

106:35. He hath turned a wilderness into pools of waters, and a dry
land into water springs.

106:36. And hath placed there the hungry; and they made a city for
their habitation.

106:37. Anti they sowed fields, and planted vineyards:  and they yielded
fruit of birth.

106:38. And he blessed them, and they were multiplied exceedingly:  and
their cattle he suffered not to decrease.

106:39. Then they were brought to be few:  and they were afflicted
through the trouble of evils and sorrow.

106:40. Contempt was poured forth upon their princes:  and he caused
them to wander where there was no passing, and out of the way.

106:41. And he helped the poor out of poverty:  and made him families
like a flock of sheep.

106:42. The just shall see, and shall rejoice, and all iniquity shall
stop her mouth.

106:43. Who is wise, and will keep these things; and will understand
the mercies of the Lord?

Psalms Chapter 107

Paratum cor meum.

The prophet praiseth God for benefits received.

107:1. A canticle of a psalm for David himself.

107:2. My heart is ready, O God, my heart is ready:  I will sing, and
will give praise, with my glory.

107:3. Arise, my glory; arise, psaltery and harp:  I will arise in the
morning early.

107:4. I will praise thee, O Lord, among the people:  and I will sing
unto thee among the nations.

107:5. For thy mercy is great above the heavens:  and thy truth even
unto the clouds.

107:6. Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens, and thy glory over
all the earth:

107:7. That thy beloved may be delivered.  Save with thy right hand and
hear me.

107:8. God hath spoken in his holiness.  I will rejoice, and I will
divide Sichem and I will mete out the vale of tabernacles.

107:9. Galaad is mine:  and Manasses is mine and Ephraim the protection
of my head.  Juda is my king:

107:10. Moab the pot of my hope.  Over Edom I will stretch out my shoe:
the aliens are become my friends.

107:11. Who will bring me into the strong city?  who will lead me into

107:12. Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off ?  and wilt not thou,
O God, go forth with our armies?

107:13. O grant us help from trouble:  for vain is the help of man.

107:14. Through God we shall do mightily:  and he will bring our enemies
to nothing.

Psalms Chapter 108

Deus, laudem meam.

David in the person of Christ, prayeth against his persecutors; more
especially the traitor Judas:  foretelling and approving his just
punishment for his obstinacy in sin and final impenitence.

108:1. Unto the end, a psalm for David.

108:2. O God, be not thou silent in my praise:  for the mouth of the
wicked and the mouth of the deceitful man is opened against me.

108:3. They have spoken against me with deceitful tongues; and they
have compassed me about with words of hatred; and have fought against
me without cause.

108:4. Instead of making me a return of love, they detracted me:  but I
gave myself to prayer.

108:5. And they repaid me evil for good:  and hatred for my love.

108:6. Set thou the sinner over him:  and may the devil stand at his
right hand.

Set thou the sinner over him, etc. . .Give to the devil, that
arch-sinner, power over him:  let him enter into him, and possess him.
The imprecations, contained in the thirty verses of this psalm, are
opposed to the thirty pieces of silver for which Judas betrayed our
Lord; and are to be taken as prophetic denunciations of the evils that
should befall the traitor and his accomplices the Jews; and not
properly as curses.

108:7. When he is judged, may he go out condemned; and may his prayer
be turned to sin.

108:8. May his days be few:  and his bishopric let another take.

108:9. May his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow.

108:10. Let his children be carried about vagabonds, and beg; and let
them be cast out of their dwellings.

108:11. May the usurer search all his substance:  and let strangers
plunder his labours.

108:12. May there be none to help him:  nor none to pity his fatherless

108:13. May his posterity be cut off; in one generation may his name be
blotted out.

108:14. May the iniquity of his fathers be remembered in the sight of
the Lord:  and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out.

108:15. May they be before the Lord continually, and let the memory of
them perish from the earth:

108:16. because he remembered not to shew mercy,

108:17. But persecuted the poor man and the beggar; and the broken in
heart, to put him to death.

108:18. And he loved cursing, and it shall come unto him:  and he would
not have blessing, and it shall be far from him.  And he put on cursing,
like a garment:  and it went in like water into his entrails, and like
oil in his bones.

108:19. May it be unto him like a garment which covereth him; and like
a girdle with which he is girded continually.

108:20. This is the work of them who detract me before the Lord; and
who speak evils against my soul.

108:21. But thou, O Lord, do with me for thy name's sake:  because thy
mercy is sweet.  Do thou deliver me,

108:22. For I am poor and needy, and my heart is troubled within me.

108:23. I am taken away like the shadow when it declineth:  and I am
shaken off as locusts.

108:24. My knees are weakened through fasting:  and my flesh is changed
for oil.

For oil. . .Propter oleum.  The meaning is, my flesh is changed, being
perfectly emaciated and dried up, as having lost all its oil or

108:25. And I am become a reproach to them:  they saw me and they shaked
their heads.

108:26. Help me, O Lord my God; save me; according to thy mercy.

108:27. And let them know that this is thy hand:  and that thou, O Lord,
hast done it.

108:28. They will curse and thou wilt bless:  let them that rise up
against me be confounded:  but thy servant shall rejoice.

108:29. Let them that detract me be clothed with shame:  and let them be
covered with their confusion as with a double cloak.

108:30. I will give great thanks to the Lord with my mouth:  and in the
midst of many I will praise him.

108:31. Because he hath stood at the right hand of the poor, to save my
soul from persecutors.

Psalms Chapter 109

Dixit Dominus.

Christ's exaltation and everlasting priesthood.

109:1. A psalm for David.  The Lord said to my Lord:  Sit thou at my
right hand:  Until I make thy enemies thy footstool.

109:2. The Lord will send forth the sceptre of thy power out of Sion:
rule thou in the midst of thy enemies.

109:3. With thee is the principality in the day of thy strength:  in the
brightness of the saints:  from the womb before the day star I begot

109:4. The Lord hath sworn, and he will not repent:  Thou art a priest
for ever according to the order of Melchisedech.

109:5. The Lord at thy right hand hath broken kings in the day of his

109:6. He shall judge among nations, he shall fill ruins:  he shall
crush the heads in the land of many.

109:7. He shall drink of the torrent in the way:  therefore shall he
lift up the head.

Psalms Chapter 110

Confitebor tibi, Domine.

God is to be praised for his graces, and benefits to his church.


110:1. I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole heart; in the council
of the just, and in the congregation.

110:2. Great are the works of the Lord:  sought out according to all his

110:3. His work is praise and magnificence:  and his justice continueth
for ever and ever.

110:4. He hath made a remembrance of his wonderful works, being a
merciful and gracious Lord:

110:5. He hath given food to them that fear him.  He will be mindful for
ever of his covenant:

110:6. He will shew forth to his people the power of his works.

110:7. That he may give them the inheritance of the Gentiles:  the works
of his hands are truth and judgment.

110:8. All his commandments are faithful:  confirmed for ever and ever,
made in truth and equity.

110:9. He hath sent redemption to his people:  he hath commanded his
covenant for ever.  Holy and terrible is his name:

110:10. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.  A good
understanding to all that do it:  his praise continueth for ever and

Psalms Chapter 111

Beatus vir.

The good man is happy.

Alleluia, of the returning of Aggeus and Zacharias.

Of the returning, etc. . .This is in the Greek and Latin, but not in the
Hebrew.  It signifies that this psalm was proper to be sung at the time
of the return of the people from their captivity; to inculcate to them,
how happy they might be, if they would be constant in the service of

111:1. Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord:  he shall delight
exceedingly in his commandments.

111:2. His seed shall be mighty upon earth:  the generation of the
righteous shall be blessed.

111:3. Glory and wealth shall be in his house:  and his justice
remaineth for ever and ever.

111:4. To the righteous a light is risen up in darkness:  he is
merciful, and compassionate and just.

111:5. Acceptable is the man that sheweth mercy and lendeth:  he shall
order his words with judgment:

111:6. Because he shall not be moved for ever.

111:7. The just shall be in everlasting remembrance:  he shall not fear
the evil hearing.  His heart is ready to hope in the Lord:

111:8. His heart is strengthened, he shall not be moved until he look
over his enemies.

111:9. He hath distributed, he hath given to the poor:  his justice
remaineth for ever and ever:  his horn shall be exalted in glory.

111:10. The wicked shall see, and shall be angry, he shall gnash with
his teeth and pine away:  the desire of the wicked shall perish.

Psalms Chapter 112

Laudate, pueri.

God is to be praised for his regard to the poor and humble.


112:1. Praise the Lord, ye children:  praise ye the name of the Lord.

112:2. Blessed be the name of the Lord, from henceforth now and for

112:3. From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same, the
name of the Lord is worthy of praise.

112:4. The Lord is high above all nations; and his glory above the

112:5. Who is as the Lord our God, who dwelleth on high:

112:6. and looketh
down on the low things in heaven and in earth?

112:7. Raising up the needy from the earth, and lifting up the poor out
of the dunghill:

112:8. That he may place him with princes, with the princes of his

112:9. Who maketh a barren woman to dwell in a house, the joyful mother
of children.

Psalms Chapter 113

In exitu Israel.

God hath shewn his power in delivering his people:  idols are vain.  The
Hebrews divide this into two psalms.


113:1. When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a
barbarous people:

113:2. Judea was made his sanctuary, Israel his dominion.

113:3. The sea saw and fled:  Jordan was turned back.

113:4. The mountains skipped like rams, and the hills like the lambs of
the flock.

113:5. What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou didst flee: and thou,
O Jordan, that thou wast turned back?

113:6. Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams, and ye hills, like
lambs of the flock?

113:7. At the presence of the Lord the earth was moved, at the presence
of the God of Jacob:

113:8. Who turned the rock into pools of water, and the stony hill into
fountains of waters.

113:1. Not to us, O Lord, not to us; but to thy name give glory.

113:2. For thy mercy, and for thy truth's sake:  lest the Gentiles
should say:  Where is their God?

113:3. But our God is in heaven:  he hath done all things whatsoever he

113:4. The idols of the Gentiles are silver and gold, the works of the
hands of men.

113:5. They have mouths and speak not:  they have eyes and see not.

113:6. They have ears and hear not:  they have noses and smell not.

113:7. They have hands and feel not:  they have feet and walk not:
neither shall they cry out through their throat.

113:8. Let them that make them become like unto them:  and all such as
trust in them.

113:9. The house of Israel hath hoped in the Lord:  he is their helper
and their protector.

113:10. The house of Aaron hath hoped in the Lord:  he is their helper
and their protector.

113:11. They that fear the Lord have hoped in the Lord:  he is their
helper and their protector.

113:12. The Lord hath been mindful of us, and hath blessed us.  He hath
blessed the house of Israel:  he hath blessed the house of Aaron.

113:13. He hath blessed all that fear the Lord, both little and great.

113:14. May the Lord add blessings upon you:  upon you, and upon your

113:15. Blessed be you of the Lord, who made heaven and earth.

113:16. The heaven of heaven is the Lord's:  but the earth he has given
to the children of men.

113:17. The dead shall not praise thee, O Lord:  nor any of them that go
down to hell.

113:18. But we that live bless the Lord:  from this time now and for

Psalms Chapter 114


The prayer of a just man in affliction, with a lively confidence in


114:1. I have loved, because the Lord will hear the voice of my prayer.

114:2. Because he hath inclined his ear unto me:  and in my days I will
call upon him.

114:3. The sorrows of death have compassed me:  and the perils of hell
have found me.  I met with trouble and sorrow:

114:4. And I called upon the name of the Lord.  O Lord, deliver my soul.

114:5. The Lord is merciful and just, and our God sheweth mercy.

114:6. The Lord is the keeper of little ones:  I was humbled, and he
delivered me.

114:7. Turn, O my soul, into thy rest:  for the Lord hath been bountiful
to thee.

114:8. For he hath delivered my soul from death:  my eyes from tears, my
feet from falling.

114:9. I will please the Lord in the land of the living.

Psalms Chapter 115


This in the Hebrew is joined with the foregoing psalm, and continues to
express the faith and gratitude of the psalmist.


115:10. I have believed, therefore have I spoken; but I have
been humbled exceedingly.

115:11. I said in my excess:  Every man is a liar.

115:12. What shall I render to the Lord, for all the things that he
hath rendered to me?

115:13. I will take the chalice of salvation; and I will call upon the
name of the Lord.

115:14. I will pay my vows to the Lord before all his people:

115:15. Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his saints.

115:16. O Lord, for I am thy servant:  I am thy servant, and the son of
thy handmaid.  Thou hast broken my bonds:

115:17. I will sacrifice to thee the sacrifice of praise, and I will
call upon the name of the Lord.

115:18. I will pay my vows to the Lord in the sight of all his people:

115:19. In the courts of the house of the Lord, in the midst of thee, O

Psalms Chapter 116

Laudate Dominum.

All nations are called upon to praise God for his mercy and truth.


116:1. O Praise the Lord, all ye nations:  praise him, all ye people.

116:2. For his mercy is confirmed upon us:  and the truth of the Lord
remaineth for ever.

Psalms Chapter 117

Confitemini Domino.

The psalmist praiseth God for his delivery from evils:  putteth his
whole trust in him; and foretelleth the coming of Christ.


117:1. Give praise to the Lord, for he is good:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

117:2. Let Israel now say, that he is good:  that his mercy endureth for

117:3. Let the house of Aaron now say, that his mercy endureth for

117:4. Let them that fear the Lord now say, that his mercy endureth for

117:5. In my trouble I called upon the Lord:  and the Lord heard me, and
enlarged me.

117:6. The Lord is my helper:  I will not fear what man can do unto me.

117:7. The Lord is my helper:  and I will look over my enemies.

117:8. It is good to confide in the Lord, rather than to have
confidence in man.

117:9. It is good to trust in the Lord, rather than to trust in

117:10. All nations compassed me about; and, in the name of the Lord I
have been revenged on them.

117:11. Surrounding me they compassed me about:  and in the name of the
Lord I have been revenged on them.

117:12. They surrounded me like bees, and they burned like fire among
thorns:  and in the name of the Lord I was revenged on them.

117:13. Being pushed I was overturned that I might fall:  but the Lord
supported me.

117:14. The Lord is my strength and my praise:  and he is become my

117:15. The voice of rejoicing and of salvation is in the tabernacles
of the just.

117:16. The right hand of the Lord hath wrought strength:  the right
hand of the Lord hath exalted me:  the right hand of the Lord hath
wrought strength.

117:17. I shall not die, but live:  and shall declare the works of the

117:18. The Lord chastising hath chastised me:  but he hath not
delivered me over to death.

117:19. Open ye to me the gates of justice:  I will go in to them, and
give praise to the Lord.

117:20. This is the gate of the Lord, the just shall enter into it.

117:21. I will give glory to thee because thou hast heard me:  and art
become my salvation.

117:22. The stone which the builders rejected; the same is become the
head of the corner.

117:23. This is the Lord's doing , and it is wonderful in our eyes.

117:24. This is the day which the Lord hath made:  let us be glad and
rejoice therein.

117:25. O Lord, save me:  O Lord, give good success.

117:26. Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the Lord.  We have
blessed you out of the house of the Lord.

117:27. The Lord is God, and he hath shone upon us.  Appoint a solemn
day, with shady boughs, even to the horn of the altar.

117:28. Thou art my God, and I will praise thee:  thou art my God, and I
will exalt thee.  I will praise thee, because thou hast heard me, and
art become my salvation.

117:29. O praise ye the Lord, for he is good:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

Psalms Chapter 118

Beati immaculati.

Of the excellence of virtue consisting in the love and observance of
the commandments of God.



Aleph. . .The first eight verses of this psalm in the original begin
with Aleph, which is the name of the first letter of the Hebrew
alphabet.  The second eight verses begin with Beth, the name of the
second letter of the Hebrew alphabet; and so to the end of the whole
alphabet, in all twenty-two letters, each letter having eight verses.
This order is variously expounded by the holy fathers; which shews the
difficulty of understanding the holy scriptures, and consequently with
what humility, and submission to the Church they are to be read.

118:1. Blessed are the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the

118:2. Blessed are they that search his testimonies:  that seek him with
their whole heart.

His testimonies. . .The commandments of God are called his testimonies,
because they testify his holy will unto us.  Note here, that in almost
every verse of this psalm (which in number are 176) the word and law of
God, and the love and observance of it, is perpetually inculcated,
under a variety of denominations, all signifying the same thing.

118:3. For they that work iniquity, have not walked in his ways.

118:4. Thou hast commanded thy commandments to be kept most diligently.

118:5. O! that my ways may be directed to keep thy justifications.

118:6. Then shall I not be confounded, when I shall look into all thy

118:7. I will praise thee with uprightness of heart, when I shall have
learned the judgments of thy justice.

118:8. I will keep thy justifications:  O! do not thou utterly forsake


118:9. By what doth a young man correct his way?  by observing thy

118:10. With my whole heart have I sought after thee:  let me not stray
from thy commandments.

118:11. Thy words have I hidden in my heart, that I may not sin against

118:12. Blessed art thou, O Lord:  teach me thy justifications.

118:13. With my lips I have pronounced all the judgments of thy mouth.

118:14. I have been delighted in the way of thy testimonies, as in all

118:15. I will meditate on thy commandments:  and I will consider thy

118:16. I will think of thy justifications:  I will not forget thy


118:17. Give bountifully to thy servant, enliven me:  and I shall keep
thy words.

118:18. Open thou my eyes:  and I will consider the wondrous things of
thy law.

118:19. I am a sojourner on the earth:  hide not thy commandments from

118:20. My soul hath coveted to long for thy justifications, at all

118:21. Thou hast rebuked the proud:  they are cursed who decline from
thy commandments.

118:22. Remove from me reproach and contempt:  because I have sought
after thy testimonies.

118:23. For princes sat, and spoke against me:  but thy servant was
employed in thy justifications.

118:24. For thy testimonies are my meditation:  and thy justifications
my counsel.


118:25. My soul hath cleaved to the pavement:  quicken thou me according
to thy word.

118:26. I have declared my ways, and thou hast heard me:  teach me thy

118:27. Make me to understand the way of thy justifications:  and I
shall be exercised in thy wondrous works.

118:28. My soul hath slumbered through heaviness:  strengthen thou me in
thy words.

118:29. Remove from me the way of iniquity:  and out of thy law have
mercy on me.

118:30. I have chosen the way of truth:  thy judgments I have not

118:31. I have stuck to thy testimonies, O Lord:  put me not to shame.

118:32. I have run the way of thy commandments, when thou didst enlarge
my heart.


118:33. Set before me for a law the way of thy justifications, O Lord:
and I will always seek after it.

118:34. Give me understanding, and I will search thy law; and I will
keep it with my whole heart.

118:35. Lead me into the path of thy commandments; for this same I have

118:36. Incline my heart into thy testimonies and not to covetousness.

118:37. Turn away my eyes that they may not behold vanity:  quicken me
in thy way.

118:38. Establish thy word to thy servant, in thy fear.

118:39. Turn away my reproach, which I have apprehended:  for thy
judgments are delightful.

118:40. Behold I have longed after thy precepts:  quicken me in thy


118:41. Let thy mercy also come upon me, O Lord:  thy salvation
according to thy word.

118:42. So shall I answer them that reproach me in any thing; that I
have trusted in thy words.

118:43. And take not thou the word of truth utterly out of my mouth:
for in thy words, I have hoped exceedingly.

118:44. So shall I always keep thy law, for ever and ever.

118:45. And I walked at large:  because I have sought after thy

118:46. And I spoke of thy testimonies before kings:  and I was not

118:47. I meditated also on thy commandments, which I loved.

118:48. And I lifted up my hands to thy commandments, which I loved:
and I was exercised in thy justifications.


118:49. Be thou mindful of thy word to thy servant, in which thou hast
given me hope.

118:50. This hath comforted me in my humiliation:  because thy word hath
enlivened me.

118:51. The proud did iniquitously altogether:  but I declined not from
thy law.

118:52. I remembered, O Lord, thy judgments of old:  and I was

118:53. A fainting hath taken hold of me, because of the wicked that
forsake thy law.

118:54. Thy justifications were the subject of my song, in the place of
my pilgrimage.

118:55. In the night I have remembered thy name, O Lord:  and have kept
thy law.

118:56. This happened to me:  because I sought after thy justifications.


118:57. O Lord, my portion, I have said, I would keep thy law.

118:58. I entreated thy face with all my heart:  have mercy on me
according to thy word.

118:59. I have thought on my ways:  and turned my feet unto thy

118:60. I am ready, and am not troubled:  that I may keep thy

118:61. The cords of the wicked have encompassed me:  but I have not
forgotten thy law.

118:62. I rose at midnight to give praise to thee; for the judgments of
thy justification.

118:63. I am a partaker with all them that fear thee, and that keep thy

118:64. The earth, O Lord, is full of thy mercy:  teach me thy


118:65. Thou hast done well with thy servant, O Lord, according to thy

118:66. Teach me goodness and discipline and knowledge; for I have
believed thy commandments.

118:67. Before I was humbled I offended; therefore have I kept thy

118:68. Thou art good; and in thy goodness teach me thy justifications.

118:69. The iniquity of the proud hath been multiplied over me:  but I
will seek thy commandments with my whole heart.

118:70. Their heart is curdled like milk:  but I have meditated on thy

118:71. It is good for me that thou hast humbled me, that I may learn
thy justifications.

118:72. The law of thy mouth is good to me, above thousands of gold and


118:73. Thy hands have made me and formed me:  give me understanding,
and I will learn thy commandments.

118:74. They that fear thee shall see me, and shall be glad :  because I
have greatly hoped in thy words.

118:75. I know, O Lord, that thy judgments are equity:  and in thy truth
thou hast humbled me.

118:76. O! let thy mercy be for my comfort, according to thy word unto
thy servant.

118:77. Let thy tender mercies come unto me, and I shall live:  for thy
law is my meditation.

118:78. Let the proud be ashamed, because they have done unjustly
towards me:  but I will be employed in thy commandments.

118:79. Let them that fear thee turn to me:  and they that know thy

118:80. Let my heart be undefiled in thy justifications, that I may not
be confounded.


118:81. My soul hath fainted after thy salvation:  and in thy word I
have very much hoped.

118:82. My eyes have failed for thy word, saying:  When wilt thou
comfort me?

118:83. For I am become like a bottle in the frost:  I have not
forgotten thy justifications.

118:84. How many are the days of thy servant:  when wilt thou execute
judgment on them that persecute me?

118:85. The wicked have told me fables:  but not as thy law.

118:86. All thy statutes are truth:  they have persecuted me unjustly,
do thou help me.

118:87. They had almost made an end of me upon earth:  but I have not
forsaken thy commandments.

118:88. Quicken thou me according to thy mercy:  and I shall keep the
testimonies of thy mouth.


118:89. For ever, O Lord, thy word standeth firm in heaven.

118:90. Thy truth unto all generations:  thou hast founded the earth,
and it continueth.

118:91. By thy ordinance the day goeth on:  for all things serve thee.

118:92. Unless thy law had been my meditation, I had then perhaps
perished in my abjection.

118:93. Thy justifications I will never forget:  for by them thou hast
given me life.

118:94. I am thine, save thou me:  for I have sought thy justifications.

118:95. The wicked have waited for me to destroy me:  but I have
understood thy testimonies.

118:96. I have seen an end of all perfection:  thy commandment is
exceeding broad.


118:97. O how have I loved thy law, O Lord! it is my meditation all the

118:98. Through thy commandment, thou hast made me wiser than my
enemies:  for it is ever with me.

118:99. I have understood more than all my teachers:  because thy
testimonies are my meditation.

118:100. I have had understanding above ancients:  because I have sought
thy commandments.

118:101. I have restrained my feet from every evil way:  that I may keep
thy words.

118:102. I have not declined from thy judgments, because thou hast set
me a law.

118:103. How sweet are thy words to my palate! more than honey to my

118:104. By thy commandments I have had understanding:  therefore have I
hated every way of iniquity.


118:105. Thy word is a lamp to my feet, and a light to my paths.

118:106. I have sworn and am determined to keep the judgments of thy

118:107. I have been humbled, O Lord, exceedingly:  quicken thou me
according to thy word.

118:108. The free offerings of my mouth make acceptable, O Lord:  and
teach me thy judgments.

118:109. My soul is continually in my hands:  and I have not forgotten
thy law.

118:110. Sinners have laid a snare for me:  but I have not erred from
thy precepts.

118:111. I have purchased thy testimonies for an inheritance for ever:
because they are the joy of my heart.

118:112. I have inclined my heart to do thy justifications for ever,
for the reward.


118:113. I have hated the unjust:  and have loved thy law.

118:114. Thou art my helper and my protector:  and in thy word I have
greatly hoped.

118:115. Depart from me, ye malignant:  and I will search the
commandments of my God.

118:116. Uphold me according to thy word, and I shall live:  and let me
not be confounded in my expectation.

118:117. Help me, and I shall be saved:  and I will meditate always on
thy justifications.

118:118. Thou hast despised all them that fall off from thy judgments;
for their thought is unjust.

118:119. I have accounted all the sinners of the earth prevaricators:
therefore have I loved thy testimonies.

118:120. Pierce thou my flesh with thy fear:  for I am afraid of thy


118:121. I have done judgment and justice:  give me not up to them that
slander me.

118:122. Uphold thy servant unto good:  let not the proud calumniate me.

118:123. My eyes have fainted after thy salvation:  and for the word of
thy justice.

118:124. Deal with thy servant according to thy mercy:  and teach me thy

118:125. I am thy servant:  give me understanding that I may know thy

118:126. It is time, O Lord, to do:  they have dissipated thy law.

118:127. Therefore have I loved thy commandments above gold and the

118:128. Therefore was I directed to all thy commandments:  I have hated
all wicked ways.


118:129. Thy testimonies are wonderful:  therefore my soul hath sought

118:130. The declaration of thy words giveth light:  and giveth
understanding to little ones.

118:131. I opened my mouth, and panted:  because I longed for thy

118:132. Look thou upon me, and have mercy on me according to the
judgment of them that love thy name.

118:133. Direct my steps according to thy word:  and let no iniquity
have dominion over me.

118:134. Redeem me from the calumnies of men:  that I may keep thy

118:135. Make thy face to shine upon thy servant:  and teach me thy

118:136. My eyes have sent forth springs of water:  because they have
not kept thy law.


118:137. Thou art just, O Lord:  and thy judgment is right.

118:138. Thou hast commanded justice thy testimonies:  and thy truth

118:139. My zeal hath made me pine away:  because my enemies forgot thy

118:140. Thy word is exceedingly refined:  and thy servant hath loved

118:141. I am very young and despised; but I forget not thy

118:142. Thy justice is justice for ever:  and thy law is the truth.

118:143. Trouble and anguish have found me:  thy commandments are my

118:144. Thy testimonies are justice for ever:  give me understanding,
and I shall live.


118:145. I cried with my whole heart, hear me, O Lord:  I will seek thy

118:146. I cried unto thee, save me:  that I may keep thy commandments.

118:147. I prevented the dawning of the day, and cried:  because in thy
words I very much hoped.

118:148. My eyes to thee have prevented the morning:  that I might
meditate on thy words.

118:149. Hear thou my voice, O Lord, according to thy mercy:  and
quicken me according to thy judgment.

118:150. They that persecute me have drawn nigh to iniquity; but they
are gone far off from thy law.

118:151. Thou art near, O Lord:  and all thy ways are truth.

118:152. I have known from the beginning concerning thy testimonies:
that thou hast founded them for ever.


118:153. See my humiliation and deliver me for I have not forgotten thy

118:154. Judge my judgment and redeem me:  quicken thou me for thy
word's sake.

118:155. Salvation is far from sinners; because they have not sought
thy justifications.

118:156. Many, O Lord, are thy mercies:  quicken me according to thy

118:157. Many are they that persecute me and afflict me; but I have not
declined from thy testimonies.

118:158. I beheld the transgressors, and pined away; because they kept
not thy word.

118:159. Behold I have loved thy commandments, O Lord; quicken me thou
in thy mercy.

118:160. The beginning of thy words is truth:  all the judgments of thy
justice are for ever.


118:161. Princes have persecuted me without cause:  and my heart hath
been in awe of thy words.

118:162. I will rejoice at thy words, as one that hath found great

118:163. I have hated and abhorred iniquity; but I have loved thy law.

118:164. Seven times a day I have given praise to thee, for the
judgments of thy justice.

118:165. Much peace have they that love thy law, and to them there is
no stumbling.  block.

118:166. I looked for thy salvation, O Lord:  and I loved thy

118:167. My soul hath kept thy testimonies and hath loved them

118:168. I have kept thy commandments and thy testimonies:  because all
my ways are in thy sight.


118:169. Let my supplication, O Lord, come near in thy sight:  give me
understanding according to thy word.

118:170. Let my request come in before thee; deliver thou me according
to thy word.

118:171. My lips shall utter a hymn, when thou shalt teach me thy

118:172. My tongue shall pronounce thy word:  because all thy
commandments are justice.

118:173. Let thy hand be with me to save me; for I have chosen thy

118:174. I have longed for thy salvation, O Lord; and thy law is my

118:175. My soul shall live and shall praise thee:  and thy judgments
shall help me.

118:176. I have gone astray like a sheep that is lost:  seek thy
servant, because I have not forgotten thy commandments.

Psalms Chapter 119

Ad Dominum.

A prayer in tribulation.

A gradual canticle.

A gradual canticle. . .The following psalms, in number fifteen, are
called gradual psalms, or canticles, from the word gradus, signifying
steps, ascensions, or degrees:  either because they were appointed to be
sung on the fifteen steps, by which the people ascended to the temple:
or, that in the singing of them the voice was to be raised by certain
steps or ascensions:  or, that they were to be sung by the people
returning from their captivity and ascending to Jerusalem, which was
seated amongst mountains.  The holy fathers, in a mystical sense,
understand these steps, or ascensions, of the degrees by which
Christians spiritually ascend to virtue and perfection; and to the true
temple of God in the heavenly Jerusalem.

119:1. In my trouble I cried to the Lord:  and he heard me.

119:2. O Lord, deliver my soul from wicked lips, and a deceitful

119:3. What shall be given to thee, or what shall be added to thee, to
a deceitful tongue?

119:4. The sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals that lay waste.

119:5. Woe is me, that my sojourning is prolonged!  I have dwelt with
the inhabitants of Cedar:

119:6. My soul hath been long a sojourner.

119:7. With them that hated peace I was peaceable:  when I spoke to them
they fought against me without cause.

Psalms Chapter 120

Levavi oculos.

God is the keeper of his servants.

A gradual canticle.

120:1. I have lifted up my eyes to the mountains, from whence help
shall come to me.

120:2. My help is from the Lord, who made heaven and earth.

120:3. May he not suffer thy foot to be moved:  neither let him slumber
that keepeth thee.

120:4. Behold he shall neither slumber nor sleep, that keepeth Israel.

120:5. The Lord is thy keeper, the Lord is thy protection upon thy
right hand.

120:6. The sun shall not burn thee by day:  nor the moon by night.

120:7. The Lord keepeth thee from all evil:  may the Lord keep thy soul.

120:8. May the Lord keep thy coming in and thy going out; from
henceforth now and for ever.

Psalms Chapter 121

Laetatus sum in his.

The desire and hope of the just for the coming of the kingdom of God,
and the peace of his church.

121:1. A gradual canticle.

I rejoiced at the things that were said to me:  We shall go into the
house of the Lord.

121:2. Our feet were standing in thy courts, O Jerusalem.

121:3. Jerusalem, which is built as a city, which is compact together.

121:4. For thither did the tribes go up, the tribes of the Lord:  the
testimony of Israel, to praise the name of the Lord.

121:5. Because their seats have sat in judgment, seats upon the house
of David.

121:6. Pray ye for the things that are for the peace of Jerusalem:  and
abundance for them that love thee.

121:7. Let peace be in thy strength:  and abundance in thy towers.

121:8. For the sake of my brethren, and of my neighbours, I spoke peace
of thee.

121:9. Because of the house of the Lord our God, I have sought good
things for thee.

Psalms Chapter 122

Ad te levavi.

A prayer in affliction, with confidence in God.

A gradual canticle.

122:1. To thee have I lifted up my eyes, who dwellest in heaven.

122:2. Behold as the eyes of servants are on the hands of their
masters, As the eyes of the handmaid are on the hands of her mistress:
so are our eyes unto the Lord our God, until he have mercy on us.

122:3. Have mercy on us, O Lord, have mercy on us:  for we are greatly
filled with contempt.

122:4. For our soul is greatly filled:  we are a reproach to the rich,
and contempt to the proud.

Psalms Chapter 123

Nisi quia Domini.

The church giveth glory to God for her deliverance, from the hands of
her enemies.

123:1. A gradual canticle.  If it had not been that the Lord was with
us, let Israel now say:

123:2. If it had not been that the Lord was with us, When men rose up
against us,

123:3. Perhaps they had swallowed us up alive.  When their fury was
enkindled against us,

123:4. Perhaps the waters had swallowed us up.

123:5. Our soul hath passed through a torrent:  perhaps our soul had
passed through a water insupportable.

123:6. Blessed be the Lord, who hath not given us to be a prey to their

123:7. Our soul hath been delivered as a sparrow out of the snare of
the fowlers.  The snare is broken, and we are delivered.

123:8. Our help is in the name of the Lord, who made heaven and earth.

Psalms Chapter 124

Qui confidunt.

The just are always under God's protection.

124:1. A gradual canticle.  They that trust in the Lord shall be as
mount Sion:  he shall not be moved for ever that dwelleth

124:2. In Jerusalem.  Mountains are round about it:  so the Lord is round
about his people from henceforth now and for ever.

124:3. For the Lord will not leave the rod of sinners upon the lot of
the just:  that the just may not stretch forth their hands to iniquity.

124:4. Do good, O Lord, to those that are good, and to the upright of

124:5. But such as turn aside into bonds, the Lord shall lead out with
the workers of iniquity:  peace upon Israel.

Psalms Chapter 125

In convertendo.

The people of God rejoice at their delivery from captivity.

125:1. A gradual canticle.  When the Lord brought back the captivity of
Sion, we became like men comforted.

125:2. Then was our mouth filled with gladness; and our tongue with
joy.  Then shall they say among the Gentiles:  The Lord hath done great
things for them.

125:3. The Lord hath done great things for us:  we are become joyful.

125:4. Turn again our captivity, O Lord, as a stream in the south.

125:5. They that sow in tears shall reap in joy.

125:6. Going they went and wept, casting their seeds.

125:7. But coming they shall come with joyfulness, carrying their

Psalms Chapter 126

Nisi Dominus.

Nothing can be done without God's grace and blessing.

126:1. A gradual canticle of Solomon.  Unless the Lord build the house,
they labour in vain that build it.  Unless the Lord keep the city, he
watcheth in vain that keepeth it.

126:2. It is vain for you to rise before light, rise ye after you have
sitten, you that eat the bread of sorrow.  When he shall give sleep to
his beloved,

It is vain for you to rise before light. . .That is, your early rising,
your labour and worldly solicitude, will be vain, that is, will avail
you nothing, without the light, grace, and blessing of God.

126:3. Behold the inheritance of the Lord are children:  the reward, the
fruit of the womb.

126:4. As arrows in the hand of the mighty, so the children of them
that have been shaken.

126:5. Blessed is the man that hath filled the desire with them; he
shall not be confounded when he shall speak to his enemies in the gate.

Psalms Chapter 127

Beati omnes.

The fear of God is the way to happiness.

127:1. A gradual canticle.  Blessed are all they that fear the Lord:
that walk in his ways.

127:2. For thou shalt eat the labours of thy hands:  blessed art thou,
and it shall be well with thee.

127:3. Thy wife as a fruitful vine, on the sides of thy house.  Thy
children as olive plants, round about thy table.

127:4. Behold, thus shall the man be blessed that feareth the Lord.

127:5. May the Lord bless thee out of Sion:  and mayst thou see the good
things of Jerusalem all the days of thy life.

127:6. And mayst thou see thy children's children, peace upon Israel.

Psalms Chapter 128

Saepe expugnaverunt.

The church of God is invincible :  her persecutors come to nothing.

128:1. A gradual canticle.  Often have they fought against me from my
youth, let Israel now say.

128:2. Often have they fought against me from my youth:  but they could
not prevail over me.

128:3. The wicked have wrought upon my back:  they have lengthened their

128:4. The Lord who is just will cut the necks of sinners:

128:5. Let them all be confounded and turned back that hate Sion.

128:6. Let them be as grass upon the tops of houses:  which withereth
before it be plucked up:

128:7. Who with the mower filleth not his hand:  nor he that gathereth
sheaves his bosom.

128:8. And they that passed by have not said:  The blessing of the Lord
be upon you:  we have blessed you in the name of the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 129

De profundis.

A prayer of a sinner, trusting in the mercies of God.  The sixth
penitential psalm.

129:1. A gradual canticle.  Out of the depths I have cried to thee, O

129:2. Lord, hear my voice.  Let thy ears be attentive to the voice of
my supplication.

129:3. If thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities:  Lord, who shall stand it.

129:4. For with thee there is merciful forgiveness:  and by reason of
thy law, I have waited for thee, O Lord.  My soul hath relied on his

129:5. my soul hath hoped in the Lord.

129:6. From the morning watch even until night, let Israel hope in the

129:7. Because with the Lord there is mercy:  and with him plentiful

129:8. And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

Psalms Chapter 130

Domine, none est.

The prophet's humility.

130:1. A gradual canticle of David.  Lord, my heart is not exalted:  nor
are my eyes lofty.  Neither have I walked in great matters, nor in
wonderful things above me.

130:2. If I was not humbly minded, but exalted my soul:  As a child that
is weaned is towards his mother, so reward in my soul.

130:3. Let Israel hope in the Lord, from henceforth now and for ever.

Psalms Chapter 131

Memento, Domine.

A prayer for the fulfilling of the promise made to David.

131:1. A gradual canticle.  O Lord, remember David, and all his

131:2. How he swore to the Lord, he vowed a vow to the God of Jacob:

131:3. If I shall enter into the tabernacle of my house:  if I shall go
up into the bed wherein I lie:

131:4. If I shall give sleep to my eyes, or slumber to my eyelids,

131:5. Or rest to my temples:  until I find out a place for the Lord, a
tabernacle for the God of Jacob.

131:6. Behold we have heard of it in Ephrata:  we have found it in the
fields of the wood.

We have heard of it in Ephrata. . .When I was young, and lived in
Bethlehem, otherwise called Ephrata, I heard of God's tabernacle and
ark, and had a devout desire of seeking it; and accordingly I found it
at Cariathiarim, the city of the woods:  where it was till it was
removed to Jerusalem.  See 1 Par. 13.

131:7. We will go into his tabernacle:  we will adore in the place where
his feet stood.

131:8. Arise, O Lord, into thy resting place:  thou and the ark, which
thou hast sanctified.

131:9. Let thy priests be clothed with justice:  and let thy saints

131:10. For thy servant David's sake, turn not away the face of thy

131:11. The Lord hath sworn truth to David, and he will not make it
void:  of the fruit of thy womb I will set upon thy throne.

131:12. If thy children will keep my covenant, and these my testimonies
which I shall teach them:  Their children also for evermore shall sit
upon thy throne.

131:13. For the Lord hath chosen Sion:  he hath chosen it for his

131:14. This is my rest for ever and ever:  here will I dwell, for I
have chosen it.

131:15. Blessing I will bless her widow:  I will satisfy her poor with

131:16. I will clothe her priests with salvation, and her saints shall
rejoice with exceeding great joy.

131:17. There will I bring forth a horn to David:  I have prepared a
lamp for my anointed.

131:18. His enemies I will clothe with confusion:  but upon him shall my
sanctification flourish.

Psalms Chapter 132

Ecce quam bonum.

The happiness of brotherly love and concord.

132:1. A gradual canticle of David.  Behold how good and how pleasant it
is for brethren to dwell together in unity:

132:2. Like the precious ointment on the head, that ran down upon the
beard, the beard of Aaron, Which ran down to the skirt of his garment:

132:3. As the dew of Hermon, which descendeth upon mount Sion.  For
there the Lord hath commanded blessing, and life for evermore.

Psalms Chapter 133

Ecce nunc benedicite.

An exhortation to praise God continually.

133:1. A gradual canticle.  Behold now bless ye the Lord, all ye
servants of the Lord:  Who stand in the house of the Lord, in the courts
of the house of our God.

133:2. In the nights lift up your hands to the holy places, and bless
ye the Lord.

133:3. May the Lord out of Sion bless thee, he that made heaven and

Psalms Chapter 134

Laudate nomen.

An exhortation to praise God:  the vanity of idols.

134:1. Alleluia.  Praise ye the name of the Lord:  O you his servants,
praise the Lord:

134:2. You that stand in the house of the Lord, in the courts of the
house of our God.

134:3. Praise ye the Lord, for the Lord is good:  sing ye to his name,
for it is sweet.

134:4. For the Lord hath chosen Jacob unto himself:  Israel for his own

134:5. For I have known that the Lord is great, and our God is above
all gods.

134:6. Whatsoever the Lord pleased he hath done, in heaven, in earth,
in the sea, and in all the deeps.

134:7. He bringeth up clouds from the end of the earth:  he hath made
lightnings for the rain.  He bringeth forth winds out of his stores:

134:8. He slew the firstborn of Egypt from man even unto beast.

134:9. He sent forth signs and wonders in the midst of thee, O Egypt:
upon Pharao, and upon all his servants.

134:10. He smote many nations, and slew mighty kings:

134:11. Sehon king of the Amorrhites, and Og king of Basan, and all the
kingdoms of Chanaan.

134:12. And gave their land for an inheritance, for an inheritance to
his people Israel.

134:13. Thy name, O Lord, is for ever:  thy memorial, O Lord, unto all

134:14. For the Lord will judge his people, and will be entreated in
favour of his servants.

134:15. The idols of the Gentiles are silver and gold, the works of
men's hands.

134:16. They have a mouth, but they speak not:  they have eyes, but they
see not.

134:17. They have ears, but they hear not:  neither is there any breath
in their mouths.

134:18. Let them that make them be like to them:  and every one that
trusteth in them.

134:19. Bless the Lord, O house of Israel:  bless the Lord, O house of

134:20. Bless the Lord, O house of Levi:  you that fear the Lord, bless
the Lord.

134:21. Blessed be the Lord out of Sion, who dwelleth in Jerusalem.

Psalms Chapter 135

Confitemini Domino.

God is to be praised for his wonderful works.

135:1. Alleluia.  Praise the Lord, for he is good:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

Praise the Lord. . .By this invitation to praise the Lord, thrice
repeated, we profess the Blessed Trinity, One God in three distinct
Persons, the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Ghost.

135:2. Praise ye the God of gods:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:3. Praise ye the Lord of lords:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:4. Who alone doth great wonders:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:5. Who made the heavens in understanding:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

135:6. Who established the earth above the waters:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

135:7. Who made the great lights:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:8. The sun to rule the day:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:9. The moon and the stars to rule the night:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

135:10. Who smote Egypt with their firstborn:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

135:11. Who brought out Israel from among them:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

135:12. With a mighty hand and with a stretched out arm:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

135:13. Who divided the Red Sea into parts:  for his mercy endureth for

135:14. And brought out Israel through the midst thereof:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

135:15. And overthrew Pharao and his host in the Red Sea:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

135:16. Who led his people through the desert:  for his mercy endureth
for ever.

135:17. Who smote great kings:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:18. And slew strong kings:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:19. Sehon king of the Amorrhites:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:20. And Og king of Basan:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:21. And he gave their land for an inheritance:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

135:22. For an inheritance to his servant Israel:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

135:23. For he was mindful of us in our affliction:  for his mercy
endureth for ever.

135:24. And he redeemed us from our enemies:  for his mercy endureth for

135:25. Who giveth food to all flesh:  for his mercy endureth for ever.

135:26. Give glory to the God of heaven:  for his mercy endureth for

135:27. Give glory to the Lord of lords:  for his mercy endureth for

Psalms Chapter 136

Super flumina.

The lamentation of the people of God in their captivity in Babylon.

A psalm of David, for Jeremias.

For Jeremias. . .For the time of Jeremias, and the captivity of Babylon.

136:1. Upon the rivers of Babylon, there we sat and wept:  when we
remembered Sion:

136:2. On the willows in the midst thereof we hung up our instruments.

136:3. For there they that led us into captivity required of us the
words of songs.  And they that carried us away, said:  Sing ye to us a
hymn of the songs of Sion.

136:4. How shall we sing the song of the Lord in a strange land?

136:5. If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand be forgotten.

136:6. Let my tongue cleave to my jaws, if I do not remember thee:  If I
make not Jerusalem the beginning of my joy.

136:7. Remember, O Lord, the children of Edom, in the day of Jerusalem:
Who say:  Rase it, rase it, even to the foundation thereof.

136:8. O daughter of Babylon, miserable:  blessed shall he be who shall
repay thee thy payment which thou hast paid us.

136:9. Blessed be he that shall take and dash thy little ones against
the rock.

Dash thy little ones, etc. . .In the spiritual sense, we dash the little
ones of Babylon against the rock, when we mortify our passions, and
stifle the first motions of them, by a speedy recourse to the rock
which is Christ.

Psalms Chapter 137

Confitebor tibi.

Thanksgiving to God for his benefits.

137:1. For David himself.  I will praise thee, O Lord, with my whole
heart:  for thou hast heard the words of my mouth.  I will sing praise to
thee in the sight of the angels:

137:2. I will worship towards thy holy temple, and I will give glory to
thy name.  For thy mercy, and for thy truth:  for thou hast magnified thy
holy name above all.

137:3. In what day soever I shall call upon thee, hear me:  thou shalt
multiply strength in my soul.

137:4. May all the kings of the earth give glory to thee:  for they have
heard all the words of thy mouth.

137:5. And let them sing in the ways of the Lord:  for great is the
glory of the Lord.

137:6. For the Lord is high, and looketh on the low:  and the high he
knoweth afar off.

137:7. If I shall walk in the midst of tribulation, thou wilt quicken
me:  and thou hast stretched forth thy hand against the wrath of my
enemies:  and thy right hand hath saved me.

137:8. The Lord will repay for me:  thy mercy, O Lord, endureth for
ever:  O despise not the works of thy hands.

Psalms Chapter 138

Domine, probasti.

God's special providence over his servants.

138:1. Unto the end, a psalm of David.  Lord, thou hast proved me, and
known me:

138:2. Thou hast known my sitting down, and my rising up.

138:3. Thou hast understood my thoughts afar off:  my path and my line
thou hast searched out.

138:4. And thou hast foreseen all my ways:  for there is no speech in my

There is no speech, etc. . .Viz., unknown to thee:  or when there is no
speech in my tongue; yet my whole interior and my most secret thoughts
are known to thee.

138:5. Behold, O Lord, thou hast known all things, the last and those
of old:  thou hast formed me, and hast laid thy hand upon me.

138:6. Thy knowledge is become wonderful to me:  it is high, and I
cannot reach to it.

138:7. Whither shall I go from thy spirit?  or whither shall I flee from
thy face?

138:8. If I ascend into heaven, thou art there:  if I descend into hell,
thou art present.

138:9. If I take my wings early in the morning, and dwell in the
uttermost parts of the sea:

138:10. Even there also shall thy hand lead me:  and thy right hand
shall hold me.

138:11. And I said:  Perhaps darkness shall cover me:  and night shall be
my light in my pleasures.

138:12. But darkness shall not be dark to thee, and night shall be
light all the day:  the darkness thereof, and the light thereof are
alike to thee.

138:13. For thou hast possessed my reins:  thou hast protected me from
my mother's womb.

138:14. I will praise thee, for thou art fearfully magnified:  wonderful
are thy works, and my soul knoweth right well.

138:15. My bone is not hidden from thee, which thou hast made in
secret:  and my substance in the lower parts of the earth.

138:16. Thy eyes did see my imperfect being, and in thy book all shall
be written:  days shall be formed, and no one in them.

138:17. But to me thy friends, O God, are made exceedingly honourable:
their principality is exceedingly strengthened.

138:18. I will number them, and they shall be multiplied above the
sand, I rose up and am still with thee.

138:19. If thou wilt kill the wicked, O God:  ye men of blood, depart
from me:

138:20. Because you say in thought:  They shall receive thy cities in

Because you say in thought, etc. . .Depart from me, you wicked, who plot
against the servants of God, and think to cast them out of the cities
of their habitation; as if they have received them in vain, and to no

138:21. Have I not hated them, O Lord, that hated thee:  and pined away
because of thy enemies?

138:22. I have hated them with a perfect hatred:  and they are become
enemies to me.

I have hated them. . .Not with an hatred of malice, but a zeal for the
observance of God's commandments; which he saw were despised by the
wicked, who are to be considered enemies to God.

138:23. Prove me, O God, and know my heart:  examine me, and know my

138:24. And see if there be in me the way of iniquity:  and lead me in
the eternal way.

Psalms Chapter 139

Eripe me, Domine.

A prayer to be delivered from the wicked.

139:1. Unto the end, a psalm of David.

139:2. Deliver me, O Lord, from the evil man:  rescue me from the unjust

139:3. Who have devised iniquities in their hearts:  all the day long
they designed battles.

139:4. They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent:  the venom of
asps is under their lips.

139:5. Keep me, O Lord, from the hand of the wicked:  and from unjust
men deliver me.  Who have proposed to supplant my steps:

139:6. The proud have hidden a net for me.  And they have stretched out
cords for a snare:  they have laid for me a stumblingblock by the

139:7. I said to the Lord:  Thou art my God:  hear, O Lord, the voice of
my supplication.

139:8. O Lord, Lord, the strength of my salvation:  thou hast
overshadowed my head in the day of battle.

139:9. Give me not up, O Lord, from my desire to the wicked:  they have
plotted against me; do not thou forsake me, lest they should triumph.

139:10. The head of them compassing me about:  the labour of their lips
shall overwhelm them.

139:11. Burning coals shall fall upon them; thou wilt cast them down
into the fire:  in miseries they shall not be able to stand.

139:12. A man full of tongue shall not be established in the earth:
evil shall catch the unjust man unto destruction.

139:13. I know that the Lord will do justice to the needy, and will
revenge the poor.

139:14. But as for the just, they shall give glory to thy name:  and the
upright shall dwell with thy countenance.

Psalms Chapter 140

Domine, clamavi.

A prayer against sinful words, and deceitful flatterers.

A psalm of David.

140:1. I have cried to thee, O Lord, hear me:  hearken to my voice, when
I cry to thee.

140:2. Let my prayer be directed as incense in thy sight; the lifting
up of my hands, as evening sacrifice.

140:3. Set a watch, O Lord, before my mouth:  and a door round about my

140:4. Incline not my heart to evil words; to make excuses in sins.
With men that work iniquity:  and I will not communicate with the
choicest of them.

140:5. The just man shall correct me in mercy, and shall reprove me:
but let not the oil of the sinner fatten my head.  For my prayer shall
still be against the things with which they are well pleased:

Let not the oil of the sinner, etc. . .That is, the flattery, or
deceitful praise.--Ibid.  For my prayer, etc. . .So far from coveting
their praises, who are never well pleased but with things that are
evil; I shall continually pray to be preserved from such things as they
are delighted with.

140:6. Their judges falling upon the rock have been swallowed up.  They
shall hear my words, for they have prevailed:

Their judges, etc. . .Their rulers, or chiefs, quickly vanish and
perish, like ships dashed against the rocks, and swallowed up by the
waves.  Let them then hear my words, for they are powerful and will
prevail; or, as it is in the Hebrew, for they are sweet.

140:7. As when the thickness of the earth is broken up upon the ground:
Our bones are scattered by the side of hell.

140:8. But to thee, O Lord, Lord, are my eyes:  in thee have I put my
trust, take not away my soul.

140:9. Keep me from the snare, which they have laid for me, and from
the stumblingblocks of them that work iniquity.

140:10. The wicked shall fall in his net:  I am alone until I pass.

I am alone, etc. . .Singularly protected by the Almighty, until I pass
all their nets and snares.

Psalms Chapter 141

Voce mea.

A prayer of David in extremity of danger.

141:1. Of understanding for David, A prayer when he was in the cave.  [1
Kings 24.]

141:2. I cried to the Lord with my voice:  with my voice I made
supplication to the Lord.

141:3. In his sight I pour out my prayer, and before him I declare my

141:4. When my spirit failed me, then thou knewest my paths.  In this
way wherein I walked, they have hidden a snare for me.

141:5. I looked on my right hand, and beheld, and there was no one that
would know me.  Flight hath failed me:  and there is no one that hath
regard to my soul.

141:6. I cried to thee, O Lord:  I said:  Thou art my hope, my portion in
the land of the living.

141:7. Attend to my supplication:  for I am brought very low.  Deliver me
from my persecutors; for they are stronger than I.

141:8. Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name:  the
just wait for me, until thou reward me.

Psalms Chapter 142

Domine, exaudi.

The psalmist in tribulation calleth upon God for his delivery.  The
seventh penitential psalm.

142:1. A psalm of David, when his son Absalom pursued him.  [2 Kings 17.]
Hear, O Lord, my prayer:  give ear to my supplication in thy truth:
hear me in thy justice.

142:2. And enter not into judgment with thy servant:  for in thy sight
no man living shall be justified.

142:3. For the enemy hath persecuted my soul:  he hath brought down my
life to the earth.  He hath made me to dwell in darkness as those that
have been dead of old:

142:4. And my spirit is in anguish within me:  my heart within me is

142:5. I remembered the days of old, I meditated on all thy works:  I
meditated upon the works of thy hands.

142:6. I stretched forth my hands to thee:  my soul is as earth without
water unto thee.

142:7. Hear me speedily, O Lord:  my spirit hath fainted away.  Turn not
away thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the

142:8. Cause me to hear thy mercy in the morning; for in thee have I
hoped.  Make the way known to me, wherein I should walk:  for I have
lifted up my soul to thee.

142:9. Deliver me from my enemies, O Lord, to thee have I fled:

142:10. Teach me to do thy will, for thou art my God.  Thy good spirit
shall lead me into the right land:

142:11. for thy name's sake, O Lord, thou wilt quicken me in thy justice.
Thou wilt bring my soul out of trouble:

142:12. And in thy mercy thou wilt destroy my enemies.  And thou wilt
cut off all them that afflict my soul:  for I am thy servant.

Psalms Chapter 143

Benedictus Dominus.

The prophet praiseth God, and prayeth to be delivered from his enemies.
No worldly happiness is to be compared with that of serving God.

A psalm of David against Goliath.

143:1. Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and
my fingers to war.

143:2. My mercy, and my refuge:  my support, and my deliverer:  My
protector, and I have hoped in him:  who subdueth my people under me.

143:3. Lord, what is man, that thou art made known to him?  or the son
of man, that thou makest account of him?

143:4. Man is like to vanity:  his days pass away like a shadow.

143:5. Lord, bow down thy heavens and descend:  touch the mountains, and
they shall smoke.

143:6. Send forth lightning, and thou shalt scatter them:  shoot out thy
arrows, and thou shalt trouble them.

143:7. Put forth thy hand from on high, take me out, and deliver me
from many waters:  from the hand of strange children:

143:8. Whose mouth hath spoken vanity:  and their right hand is the
right hand of iniquity.

143:9. To thee, O God, I will sing a new canticle:  on the psaltery and
an instrument of ten strings I will sing praises to thee.

143:10. Who givest salvation to kings:  who hast redeemed thy servant
David from the malicious sword:

143:11. Deliver me, And rescue me out of the hand of strange children;
whose mouth hath spoken vanity:  and their right hand is the right hand
of iniquity:

143:12. Whose sons are as new plants in their youth:  Their daughters
decked out, adorned round about after the similitude of a temple:

143:13. Their storehouses full, flowing out of this into that.  Their
sheep fruitful in young, abounding in their goings forth:

143:14. Their oxen fat.  There is no breach of wall, nor passage, nor
crying out in their streets.

143:15. They have called the people happy, that hath these things:  but
happy is that people whose God is the Lord.

Psalms Chapter 144

Exaltabo te, Deus.

A psalm of praise, to the infinite majesty of God.

144:1. Praise, for David himself.  I will extol thee, O God my king:  and
I will bless thy name for ever; yea, for ever and ever.

144:2. Every day will I bless thee:  and I will praise thy name for
ever; yea, for ever and ever.

144:3. Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised:  and of his
greatness there is no end.

144:4. Generation and generation shall praise thy works:  and they shall
declare thy power.

144:5. They shall speak of the magnificence of the glory of thy
holiness:  and shall tell thy wondrous works.

144:6. And they shall speak of the might of thy terrible acts:  and
shall declare thy greatness.

144:7. They shall publish the memory of the abundance of thy sweetness:
and shall rejoice in thy justice.

144:8. The Lord is gracious and merciful:  patient and plenteous in

144:9. The Lord is sweet to all:  and his tender mercies are over all
his works.

144:10. Let all thy works, O lord, praise thee:  and let thy saints
bless thee.

144:11. They shall speak of the glory of thy kingdom:  and shall tell of
thy power:

144:12. To make thy might known to the sons of men:  and the glory of
the magnificence of thy kingdom.

144:13. Thy kingdom is a kingdom of all ages:  and thy dominion endureth
throughout all generations.  The Lord is faithful in all his words:  and
holy in all his works.

144:14. The Lord lifteth up all that fall:  and setteth up all that are
cast down.

144:15. The eyes of all hope in thee, O Lord:  and thou givest them meat
in due season.

144:16. Thou openest thy hand, and fillest with blessing every living

144:17. The Lord is just in all his ways:  and holy in all his works.

144:18. The Lord is nigh unto all them that call upon him:  to all that
call upon him in truth.

144:19. He will do the will of them that fear him:  and he will hear
their prayer, and save them.

144:20. The Lord keepeth all them that love him; but all the wicked he
will destroy.

144:21. My mouth shall speak the praise of the Lord:  and let all flesh
bless his holy name forever; yea, for ever and ever.

Psalms Chapter 145

Lauda, anima.

We are not to trust in men, but in God alone.

145:1. Alleluia, of Aggeus and Zacharias.

145:2. Praise the Lord, O my soul, in my life I will praise the Lord:  I
will sing to my God as long as I shall be.  Put not your trust in

145:3. In the children of men, in whom there is no salvation.

145:4. His spirit shall go forth, and he shall return into his earth:
in that day all their thoughts shall perish.

145:5. Blessed is he who hath the God of Jacob for his helper, whose
hope is in the Lord his God:

145:6. Who made heaven and earth, the sea, and all things that are in

145:7. Who keepeth truth for ever:  who executeth judgment for them that
suffer wrong:  who giveth food to the hungry.  The Lord looseth them that
are fettered:

145:8. The Lord enlighteneth the blind.  The Lord lifteth up them that
are cast down:  the Lord loveth the just.

145:9. The Lord keepeth the strangers, he will support the fatherless
and the widow:  and the ways of sinners he will destroy.

145:10. The Lord shall reign for ever:  thy God, O Sion, unto generation
and generation.

Psalms Chapter 146

Laudate Dominum.

An exhortation to praise God for his benefits.

146:1. Alleluia.  Praise ye the Lord, because psalm is good:  to our God
be joyful and comely praise.

146:2. The Lord buildeth up Jerusalem:  he will gather together the
dispersed of Israel.

146:3. Who healeth the broken of heart, and bindeth up their bruises.

146:4. Who telleth the number of the stars:  and calleth them all by
their names.

146:5. Great is our Lord, and great is his power:  and of his wisdom
there is no number.

146:6. The Lord lifteth up the meek, and bringeth the wicked down even
to the ground.

146:7. Sing ye to the Lord with praise:  sing to our God upon the harp.

146:8. Who covereth the heaven with clouds, and prepareth rain for the
earth.  Who maketh grass to grow on the mountains, and herbs for the
service of men.

146:9. Who giveth to beasts their food:  and to the young ravens that
call upon him.

146:10. He shall not delight in the strength of the horse:  nor take
pleasure in the legs of a man.

146:11. The Lord taketh pleasure in them that fear him:  and in them
that hope in his mercy.

Psalms Chapter 147

Lauda, Jerusalem.

The church is called upon to praise God for his peculiar graces and
favours to his people.  In the Hebrew, this psalm is joined to the


147:12. Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem:  praise thy God, O Sion.

147:13. Because he hath strengthened the bolts of thy gates, he hath
blessed thy children within thee.

147:14. Who hath placed peace in thy borders:  and filleth thee with the
fat of corn.

147:15. Who sendeth forth his speech to the earth:  his word runneth

147:16. Who giveth snow like wool:  scattereth mists like ashes.

147:17. He sendeth his crystal like morsels:  who shall stand before the
face of his cold?

He sendeth his crystal. . .That is, his ice.  Some understand it of hail,
which is, as it were, ice, divided into particles or morsels.

147:18. He shall send out his word, and shall melt them:  his wind shall
blow, and the waters shall run.

147:19. Who declareth his word to Jacob:  his justices and his judgments
to Israel.

147:20. He hath not done in like manner to every nation:  and his
judgments he hath not made manifest to them.  Alleluia.

Psalms Chapter 148

Laudate Dominum de caelis.

All creatures are invited to praise their Creator.


148:1. Praise ye the Lord from the heavens:  praise ye him in the high

148:2. Praise ye him, all his angels, praise ye him, all his hosts.

148:3. Praise ye him, O sun and moon:  praise him, all ye stars and

148:4. Praise him, ye heavens of heavens:  and let all the waters that
are above the heavens

148:5. Praise the name of the Lord.  For he spoke, and they were made:
he commanded, and they were created.

148:6. He hath established them for ever, and for ages of ages:  he hath
made a decree, and it shall not pass away.

148:7. Praise the Lord from the earth, ye dragons, and all ye deeps:

148:8. Fire, hail, snow, ice, stormy winds, which fulfil his word:

148:9. Mountains and all hills, fruitful trees and all cedars:

148:10. Beasts and all cattle:  serpents and feathered fowls:

148:11. Kings of the earth and all people:  princes and all judges of
the earth:

148:12. Young men and maidens:  let the old with the younger, praise the
name of the Lord:

148:13. For his name alone is exalted.

148:14. The praise of him is above heaven and earth:  and he hath
exalted the horn of his people.  A hymn to all his saints to the
children of Israel, a people approaching to him.  Alleluia.

Psalms Chapter 149

Cantate Domino.

The church is particularly bound to praise God.


149:1. Sing ye to the Lord a new canticle:  let his praise be in the
church of the saints.

149:2. Let Israel rejoice in him that made him:  and let the children of
Sion be joyful in their king.

149:3. Let them praise his name in choir:  let them sing to him with the
timbrel and the psaltery.

149:4. For the Lord is well pleased with his people:  and he will exalt
the meek unto salvation.

149:5. The saints shall rejoice in glory:  they shall be joyful in their

149:6. The high praises of God shall be in their mouth:  and two-edged
swords in their hands:

149:7. To execute vengeance upon the nations, chastisements among the

149:8. To bind their kings with fetters, and their nobles with manacles
of iron.

149:9. To execute upon them the judgment that is written:  this glory is
to all his saints.  Alleluia.

Psalms Chapter 150

Laudate Dominum in sanctis.

An exhortation to praise God with all sorts of instruments.


150:1. Praise ye the Lord in his holy places:  praise ye him in the
firmament of his power.

150:2. Praise ye him for his mighty acts:  praise ye him according to
the multitude of his greatness.

150:3. Praise him with the sound of trumpet:  praise him with psaltery
and harp.

150:4. Praise him with timbrel and choir:  praise him with strings and

150:5. Praise him on high sounding cymbals:  praise him on cymbals of
joy:  let every spirit praise the Lord.  Alleluia.


This Book is so called, because it consists of wise and weighty
sentences:  regulating the morals of men:  and directing them to wisdom
and virtue.  And these sentences are also called PARABLES, because great
truths are often couched in them under certain figures and similitudes.

Proverbs Chapter 1

The use and end of the proverbs.  An exhortation to flee the company of
the wicked:  and to hearken to the voice of wisdom.

1:1. The parables of Solomon, the son of David, king of Israel,

1:2. To know wisdom, and instruction:

1:3. To understand the words of prudence:  and to receive the
instruction of doctrine, justice, and judgment, and equity:

1:4. To give subtilty to little ones, to the young man knowledge and

1:5. A wise man shall hear, and shall be wiser:  and he that
understandeth shall possess governments.

1:6. He shall understand a parable and the interpretation, the words of
the wise, and their mysterious sayings.

1:7. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.  Fools despise
wisdom and instruction.

1:8. My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the
law of thy mother:

1:9. That grace may be added to thy head, and a chain of gold to thy

1:10. My son, if sinners shall entice thee, consent not to them.

1:11. If they shall say:  Come with us, let us lie in wait for blood,
let us hide snares for the innocent without cause:

1:12. Let us swallow him up alive like hell, and whole as one that
goeth down into the pit.

1:13. We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses
with spoils.

1:14. Cast in thy lot with us, let us all have one purse.

1:15. My son, walk not thou with them, restrain thy foot from their

1:16. For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.

1:17. But a net is spread in vain before the eyes of them that have

1:18. And they themselves lie in wait for their own blood, and practise
deceits against their own souls.

1:19. So the ways of every covetous man destroy the souls of the

1:20. Wisdom preacheth abroad, she uttereth her voice in the streets:

1:21. At the head of multitudes she crieth out, in the entrance of the
gates of the city she uttereth her words, saying:

1:22. O children, how long will you love childishness, and fools covet
those things which are hurtful to themselves, and the unwise hate

1:23. Turn ye at my reproof:  behold I will utter my spirit to you, and
will shew you my words.

1:24. Because I called, and you refused:  I stretched out my hand, and
there was none that regarded.

1:25. You have despised all my counsel, and have neglected my

1:26. I also will laugh in your destruction, and will mock when that
shall come to you which you feared.

1:27. When sudden calamity shall fall on you, and destruction, as a
tempest, shall be at hand:  when tribulation and distress shall come
upon you:

1:28. Then shall they call upon me, and I will not hear:  they shall
rise in the morning, and shall not find me:

1:29. Because they have hated instruction, and received not the fear of
the Lord,

1:30. Nor consented to my counsel, but despised all my reproof.

1:31. Therefore they shall eat the fruit of their own way, and shall be
filled with their own devices.

1:32. The turning away of little ones shall kill them, and the
prosperity of fools shall destroy them.

1:33. But he that shall hear me, shall rest without terror, and shall
enjoy abundance, without fear of evils.

Proverbs Chapter 2

The advantages of wisdom:  and the evils from which it delivers.

2:1. My son, if thou wilt receive my words, and wilt hide my
commandments with thee,

2:2. That thy ear may hearken to wisdom:  incline thy heart to know

2:3. For if thou shalt call for wisdom, and incline thy heart to

2:4. If thou shalt seek her as money, and shalt dig for her as for a

2:5. Then shalt thou understand the fear of the Lord, and shalt find
the knowledge of God:

2:6. Because the Lord giveth wisdom:  and out of his mouth cometh
prudence and knowledge.

2:7. He wilt keep the salvation of the righteous, and protect them that
walk in simplicity,

2:8. Keeping the paths of justice, and guarding the ways of saints.

2:9. Then shalt thou understand justice, and judgment, and equity, and
every good path.

2:10. If wisdom shall enter into thy heart, and knowledge please thy

2:11. Counsel shall keep thee, and prudence shall preserve thee,

2:12. That thou mayst be delivered from the evil way, and from the man
that speaketh perverse things:

2:13. Who leave the right way, and walk by dark ways:

2:14. Who are glad when they have done evil, and rejoice in the most
wicked things:

2:15. Whose ways are perverse, and their steps infamous.

2:16. That thou mayst be delivered from the strange woman, and from the
stranger, who softeneth her words;

2:17. And forsaketh the guide of her youth,

2:18. And hath forgotten the covenant of her God:  for her house
inclineth unto death, and her paths to hell.

2:19. None that go in unto her, shall return again, neither shall they
take hold of the paths of life.

2:20. That thou mayst walk in a good way:  and mayst keep the paths of
the just.

2:21. For they that are upright, shall dwell in the earth; and the
simple shall continue in it.

2:22. But the wicked shall be destroyed from the earth:  and they that
do unjustly, shall be taken away from it.

Proverbs Chapter 3

An exhortation to the practice of virtue.

3:1. My son, forget not my law, and let thy heart keep my commandments.

3:2. For they shall add to thee length of days, and years of life, and

3:3. Let not mercy aud truth leave thee, put them about thy neck, and
write them in the tables of thy heart.

3:4. And thou shalt find grace, and good understanding before God and

3:5. Have confidence in the Lord with all thy heart, and lean not upon
thy own prudence.

3:6. In all thy ways think on him, and he will direct thy steps.

3:7. Be not wise in thy own conceit:  fear God, and depart from evil:

3:8. For it shall be health to thy navel, and moistening to thy bones.

3:9. Honour the Lord with thy substance, and give him of the first of
all thy fruits;

3:10. And thy barns shall be filled with abundance, and thy presses
shall run over with wine.

3:11. My son, reject not the correction of the Lord:  and do not faint
when thou art chastised by him:

3:12. For whom the Lord loveth, he chastiseth:  and as a father in the
son he pleaseth himself.

3:13. Blessed is the man that findeth wisdom, and is rich in prudence:

3:14. The purchasing thereof is better than the merchandise of silver,
and her fruit than the chief and purest gold:

3:15. She is more precious than all riches:  and all the things that are
desired, are not to be compared to her.

3:16. Length of days is in her right hand, and in her left hand riches
and glory.

3:17. Her ways are beautiful ways, and all her paths are peaceable.

3:18. She is a tree of life to them that lay hold on her:  and he that
shall retain her is blessed.

3:19. The Lord by wisdom hath founded the earth, hath established the
heavens by prudence.

3:20. By his wisdom the depths have broken out, and the clouds grow
thick with dew.

3:21. My son, let not these things depart from thy eyes:  keep the law
and counsel:

3:22. And there shall be life to thy soul, and grace to thy mouth.

3:23. Then shalt thou walk confidently in thy way, and thy foot shall
not stumble:

3:24. If thou sleep, thou shalt not fear:  thou shalt rest, and thy
sleep shall be sweet.

3:25. Be not afraid of sudden fear, nor of the power of the wicked
falling upon thee.

3:26. For the Lord will be at thy side, and will keep thy foot that
thou be not taken.

3:27. Do not withhold him from doing good, who is able:  if thou art
able, do good thyself also.

3:28. Say not to thy friend:  Go, and come again:  and to morrow I will
give to thee:  when thou canst give at present.

3:29. Practise not evil against thy friend, when he hath confidence in

3:30. Strive not against a man without cause, when he hath done thee no

3:31. Envy not the unjust man, and do not follow his ways.

3:32. For every mocker is an abomination to the Lord, and his
communication is with the simple.

3:33. Want is from the Lord in the house of the wicked:  but the
habitations of the just shall be blessed.

3:34. He shall scorn the scorners, and to the meek he will give grace.

3:35. The wise shall possess glory:  the promotion of fools is disgrace.

Proverbs Chapter 4

A further exhortation to seek after wisdom.

4:1. Hear, ye children, the instruction of a father, and attend, that
you may know prudence.

4:2. I will give you a good gift, forsake not my law.

4:3. For I also was my father's son, tender, and as an only son in the
sight of my mother:

4:4. And he taught me, and said:  Let thy heart receive my words, keep
my commandments, and thou shalt live.

4:5. Get wisdom, get prudence:  forget not, neither decline from the
words of my mouth.

4:6. Forsake her not, and she shall keep thee:  love her, and she shall
preserve thee.

4:7. The beginning of wisdom, get wisdom, and with all thy possession
purchase prudence.

4:8. Take hold on her, and she shall exalt thee:  thou shalt be
glorified by her, when thou shalt embrace her.

4:9. She shall give to thy head increase of graces, and protect thee
with a noble crown.

4:10. Hear, O my son, and receive my words, that years of life may be
multiplied to thee.

4:11. I will shew thee the way of wisdom, I will lead thee by the paths
of equity:

4:12. Which when thou shalt have entered, thy steps shall not be
straitened, and when thou runnest, thou shalt not meet a

4:13. Take hold on instruction, leave it not:  keep it, because it is
thy life.

4:14. Be not delighted in the paths of the wicked, neither let the way
of evil men please thee.

4:15. Flee from it, pass not by it:  go aside, and forsake it.

4:16. For they sleep not, except they have done evil:  and their sleep
is taken away unless they have made some to fall.

4:17. They eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of iniquity.

4:18. But the path of the just, as a shining light, goeth forwards, and
increaseth even to perfect day.

4:19. The way of the wicked is darksome:  they know not where they fall.

4:20. My son, hearken to my words, and incline thy ear to my sayings.

4:21. Let them not depart from thy eyes, keep them in the midst of thy

4:22. For they are life to those that find them, and health to all

4:23. With all watchfulness keep thy heart, because life issueth out
from it.

4:24. Remove from thee a froward mouth, and let detracting lips be far
from thee.

4:25. Let thy eyes look straight on, and let thy eyelids go before thy

4:26. Make straight the path for thy feet, and all thy ways shall be

4:27. Decline not to the right hand, nor to the left:  turn away thy
foot from evil.  For the Lord knoweth the ways that are on the right
hand:  but those are perverse which are on the left hand.  But he will
make thy courses straight, he will bring forward thy ways in peace.

Proverbs Chapter 5

An exhortation to fly unlawful lust, and the occasions of it.

5:1. My son, attend to my wisdom, and incline thy ear to my prudence,

5:2. That thou mayst keep thoughts, and thy lips may preserve
instruction.  Mind not the deceit of a woman.

5:3. For the lips of a harlot are like a honeycomb dropping, and her
throat is smoother than oil.

5:4. But her end is bitter as wormwood, and sharp as a two-edged sword.

5:5. Her feet go down into death, and her steps go in as far as hell.

5:6. They walk not by the path of life, her steps are wandering, and

5:7. Now, therefore, my son, hear me, and depart not from the words of
my mouth.

5:8. Remove thy way far from her, and come not nigh the doors of her

5:9. Give not thy honour to strangers, and thy years to the cruel.

5:10. Lest strangers be filled with thy strength, and thy labours be in
another man's house,

5:11. And thou mourn at the last, when thou shalt have spent thy flesh
and thy body, and say;

5:12. Why have I hated instruction, and my heart consented not to

5:13. And have not heard the voice of them that taught me, and have not
inclined my ear to masters?

5:14. I have almost been in all evil, in the midst of the church and of
the congregation.

5:15. Drink water out of thy own cistern, and the streams of thy own

5:16. Let thy fountains be conveyed abroad, and in the streets divide
thy waters.

5:17. Keep them to thyself alone, neither let strangers be partakers
with thee.

5:18. Let thy vein be blessed, and rejoice with the wife of thy youth:

5:19. Let her be thy dearest hind, and most agreeable fawn:  let her
breasts inebriate thee at all times:  be thou delighted continually with
her love.

5:20. Why art thou seduced, my son, by a strange woman, and art
cherished in the bosom of another?

5:21. The Lord beholdeth the ways of man, and considereth all his

5:22. His own iniquities catch the wicked, and he is fast bound with
the ropes of his own sins.

5:23. He shall die, because he hath not received instruction, and in
the multitude of his folly he shall be deceived.

Proverbs Chapter 6

Documents on several heads.

6:1. My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, thou hast engaged fast
thy hand to a stranger,

6:2. Thou art ensnared with the words of thy mouth, and caught with thy
own words.

6:3. Do, therefore, my son, what I say, and deliver thyself:  because
thou art fallen into the hand of thy neighbour.  Run about, make haste,
stir up thy friend:

6:4. Give not sleep to thy eyes, neither let thy eyelids slumber.

6:5. Deliver thyself as a doe from the hand, and as a bird from the
hand of the fowler.

6:6. Go to the ant, O sluggard, and consider her ways, and learn

6:7. Which, although she hath no guide, nor master, nor captain,

6:8. Provideth her meat for herself in the summer, and gathereth her
food in the harvest.

6:9. How long wilt thou sleep, O sluggard?  when wilt thou arise out of
thy sleep?

6:10. Thou wilt sleep a little, thou wilt slumber a little, thou wilt
fold thy hands a little to sleep:

6:11. And want shall come upon thee, as a traveller, and poverty as a
man armed.  But if thou be diligent, thy harvest shall come as a
fountain, and want shall flee far from thee.

6:12. A man that is an apostate, an unprofitable man, walketh with a
perverse mouth,

6:13. He winketh with the eyes, presseth with the foot, speaketh with
the finger.

6:14. With a wicked heart he deviseth evil, and at all times he soweth

6:15. To such a one his destruction shall presently come, and he shall
suddenly be destroyed, and shall no longer have any remedy.

6:16. Six things there are, which the Lord hateth, and the seventh his
soul detesteth:

6:17. Haughty eyes, a lying tongue, hands that shed innocent blood,

6:18. A heart that deviseth wicked plots, feet that are swift to run
into mischief,

6:19. A deceitful witness that uttereth lies, and him that soweth
discord among brethren.

6:20. My son, keep the commandments of thy father, and forsake not the
law of thy mother.

6:21. Bind them in thy heart continually, and put them about thy neck.

6:22. When thou walkest, let them go with thee:  when thou sleepest, let
them keep thee, and when thou awakest, talk with them.

6:23. Because the commandment is a lamp, and the law a light, and
reproofs of instruction are the way of life:

6:24. That they may keep thee from the evil woman, and from the
flattering tongue of the stranger.

6:25. Let not thy heart covet her beauty, be not caught with her winks:

6:26. For the price of a harlot is scarce one loaf:  but the woman
catcheth the precious soul of a man.

6:27. Can a man hide fire in his bosom, and his garments not burn?

6:28. Or can he walk upon hot coals, and his feet not be burnt?

6:29. So he that goeth in to his neighbour's wife, shall not be clean
when he shall touch her.

6:30. The fault is not so great when a man hath stolen:  for he stealeth
to fill his hungry soul:

The fault is not so great, etc. . .The sin of theft is not so great, as
to be compared with adultery:  especially when a person pressed with
hunger (which is the case here spoken of) steals to satisfy nature.
Moreover the damage done by theft may much more easily be repaired,
than the wrong done by adultery.  But this does not hinder, but that
theft also is a mortal sin, forbidden by one of the ten commandments.

6:31. And if he be taken, he shall restore sevenfold, and shall give up
all the substance of his house.

6:32. But he that is an adulterer, for the folly of his heart shall
destroy his own soul:

6:33. He gathereth to himself shame and dishonour, and his reproach
shall not be blotted out:

6:34. Because the jealousy and rage of the husband will not spare in
the day of revenge,

6:35. Nor will he yield to any man's prayers, nor will he accept for
satisfaction ever so many gifts.

Proverbs Chapter 7

The love of wisdom is the best preservative from being led astray by

7:1. My son, keep my words, and lay up my precepts with thee.  Son,

7:2. Keep my commandments, and thou shalt live:  and my law as the apple
of thy eye:

7:3. Bind it upon thy fingers, write it upon the tables of thy heart.

7:4. Say to wisdom:  Thou art my sister:  and call prudence thy friend,

7:5. That she may keep thee from the woman that is not thine, and from
the stranger who sweeteneth her words.

7:6. For I looked out of the window of my house through the lattice,

7:7. And I see little ones, I behold a foolish young man,

7:8. Who passeth through the street by the corner, and goeth nigh the
way of her house,

7:9. In the dark when it grows late, in the darkness and obscurity of
the night.

7:10. And behold a woman meeteth him in harlot's attire, prepared to
deceive souls:  talkative and wandering,

7:11. Not bearing to be quiet, not able to abide still at home,

7:12. Now abroad, now in the streets, now lying in wait near the

7:13. And catching the young man, she kisseth him, and with an impudent
face, flattereth, saying:

7:14. I vowed victims for prosperity, this day I have paid my vows.

7:15. Therefore I am come out to meet thee, desirous to see thee, and I
have found thee.

7:16. I have woven my bed with cords, I have covered it with painted
tapestry, brought from Egypt.

7:17. I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.

7:18. Come, let us be inebriated with the breasts, and let us enjoy the
desired embraces, till the day appear.

7:19. For my husband is not at home, he is gone a very long journey.

7:20. He took with him a bag of money:  he will return home the day of
the full moon.

7:21. She entangled him with many words, and drew him away with the
flattery of her lips.

7:22. Immediately he followeth her as an ox led to be a victim, and as
a lamb playing the wanton, and not knowing that he is drawn like a fool
to bonds,

7:23. Till the arrow pierce his liver:  as if a bird should make haste
to the snare, and knoweth not that his life is in danger.

7:24. Now, therefore, my son, hear me, and attend to the words of my

7:25. Let not thy mind be drawn away in her ways:  neither be thou
deceived with her paths.

7:26. For she hath cast down many wounded, and the strongest have been
slain by her.

7:27. Her house is the way to hell, reaching even to the inner chambers
of death.

Proverbs Chapter 8

The preaching of wisdom.  Her excellence.

8:1. Doth not wisdom cry aloud, and prudence put forth her voice?

8:2. Standing in the top of the highest places by the way, in the midst
of the paths,

8:3. Beside the gates of the city, in the very doors she speaketh,

8:4. O ye men, to you I call, and my voice is to the sons of men.

8:5. O little ones understand subtlety, and ye unwise, take notice.

8:6. Hear, for I will speak of great things:  and my lips shall be
opened to preach right things.

8:7. My mouth shall meditate truth, and my lips shall hate wickedness.

8:8. All my words are just, there is nothing wicked, nor perverse in

8:9. They are right to them that understand, and just to them that find

8:10. Receive my instruction, and not money:  choose knowledge rather
than gold.

8:11. For wisdom is better than all the most precious things:  and
whatsoever may be desired cannot be compared to it.

8:12. I, wisdom, dwell in counsel, and am present in learned thoughts.

8:13. The fear of the Lord hateth evil; I hate arrogance, and pride,
and every wicked way, and a mouth with a double tongue.

8:14. Counsel and equity is mine, prudence is mine, strength is mine.

8:15. By me kings reign, and lawgivers decree just things.

8:16. By me princes rule, and the mighty decree justice.

8:17. I love them that love me:  and they that in the morning early
watch for me, shall find me.

8:18. With me are riches and glory, glorious riches and justice.

8:19. For my fruit is better than gold and the precious stone, and my
blossoms than choice silver.

8:20. I walk in the way of justice, in the midst of the paths of

8:21. That I may enrich them that love me, and may fill their

8:22. The Lord possessed me in the beginning of his ways, before he
made any thing from the beginning.

8:23. I was set up from eternity, and of old, before the earth was

8:24. The depths were not as yet, and I was already conceived, neither
had the fountains of waters as yet sprung out.

8:25. The mountains, with their huge bulk, had not as yet been
established:  before the hills, I was brought forth:

8:26. He had not yet made the earth, nor the rivers, nor the poles of
the world.

8:27. When he prepared the heavens, I was present:  when with a certain
law, and compass, he enclosed the depths:

8:28. When he established the sky above, and poised the fountains of

8:29. When he compassed the sea with its bounds, and set a law to the
waters that they should not pass their limits:  when he balanced the
foundations of the earth;

8:30. I was with him forming all things:  and was delighted every day,
playing before him at all times;

8:31. Playing in the world:  and my delights were to be with the
children of men.

8:32. Now, therefore, ye children, hear me:  blessed are they that keep
my ways.

8:33. Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not.

8:34. Blessed is the man that heareth me, and that watcheth daily at my
gates, and waiteth at the posts of my doors.

8:35. He that shall find me, shall find life, and shall have salvation
from the Lord.

8:36. But he that shall sin against me shall hurt his own soul.  All
that hate me love death.

Proverbs Chapter 9

Wisdom invites all to her feast.  Folly calls another way.

9:1. Wisdom hath built herself a house, she hath hewn her out seven

9:2. She hath slain her victims, mingled her wine, and set forth her

9:3. She hath sent her maids to invite to the tower, and to the walls
of the city:

9:4. Whosoever is a little one, let him come to me.  And to the unwise
she said:

9:5. Come, eat my bread, and drink the wine which I have mingled for

9:6. Forsake childishness, and live, and walk by the ways of prudence.

9:7. He that teacheth a scorner, doth an injury to himself; and he that
rebuketh a wicked man, getteth himself a blot.

9:8. Rebuke not a scorner, lest he hate thee.  Rebuke a wise man, and he
will love thee.

9:9. Give an occasion to a wise man, and wisdom shall be added to him.
Teach a just man, and he shall make haste to receive it.

9:10. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom:  and the
knowledge of the holy is prudence.

9:11. For by me shall thy days be multiplied, and years of life shall
be added to thee.

9:12. If thou be wise, thou shalt be so to thyself:  and if a scorner,
thou alone shalt bear the evil.

9:13. A foolish woman and clamorous, and full of allurements, and
knowing nothing at all,

9:14. Sat at the door of her house, upon a seat, in a high place of the

9:15. To call them that pass by the way, and go on their journey:

9:16. He that is a little one, let him turn to me.  And to the fool she

9:17. Stolen waters are sweeter, and hidden bread is more pleasant.

9:18. And he did not know that giants are there, and that her guests
are in the depths of hell.

Proverbs Chapter 10

In the twenty following chapters are contained many wise sayings and
axioms, relating to wisdom and folly, virtue and vice.

10:1. A wise son maketh the father glad:  but a foolish son is the
sorrow of his mother.

10:2. Treasures of wickedness shall profit nothing:  but justice shall
deliver from death.

10:3. The Lord will not afflict the soul of the just with famine, and
he will disappoint the deceitful practices of the wicked.

10:4. The slothful hand hath wrought poverty:  but the hand of the
industrious getteth riches.  He that trusteth to lies feedeth the winds:
and the same runneth after birds, that fly away.

10:5. He that gathereth in the harvest, is a wise son:  but he that
snorteth in the summer, is the son of confusion.

10:6. The blessing of the Lord is upon the head of the just:  but
iniquity covereth the mouth of the wicked.

10:7. The memory of the just is with praises:  and the name of the
wicked shall rot.

10:8. The wise of heart receiveth precepts:  a fool is beaten with lips.

10:9. He that walketh sincerely, walketh confidently:  but he that
perverteth his ways, shall be manifest.

10:10. He that winketh with the eye, shall cause sorrow:  and the
foolish in lips shall be beaten.

10:11. The mouth of the just is a vein of life:  and the mouth of the
wicked covereth iniquity.

10:12. Hatred stirreth up strifes:  and charity covereth all sins.

10:13. In the lips of the wise is wisdom found:  and a rod on the back
of him that wanteth sense.

10:14. Wise men lay up knowledge:  but the mouth of the fool is next to

10:15. The substance of a rich man is the city of his strength:  the
fear of the poor is their poverty.

10:16. The work of the just is unto life:  but the fruit of the wicked
unto sin.

10:17. The way of life, to him that observeth correction:  but he that
forsaketh reproofs, goeth astray.

10:18. Lying lips hide hatred:  he that uttereth reproach, is foolish.

10:19. In the multitude of words there shall not want sin:  but he that
refraineth his lips, is most wise.

10:20. The tongue of the just is as choice silver:  but the heart of the
wicked is nothing worth.

10:21. The lips of the just teach many:  but they that are ignorant,
shall die in the want of understanding.

10:22. The blessing of the Lord maketh men rich:  neither shall
affliction be joined to them.

10:23. A fool worketh mischief as it were for sport:  but wisdom is
prudence to a man.

10:24. That which the wicked feareth, shall come upon him:  to the just
their desire shall be given.

10:25. As a tempest that passeth, so the wicked shall be no more:  but
the just is as an everlasting foundation.

10:26. As vinegar to the teeth, and smoke to the eyes, so is the
sluggard to them that sent him.

10:27. The fear of the Lord shall prolong days:  and the years of the
wicked shall be shortened.

10:28. The expectation of the just is joy:  but the hope of the wicked
shall perish.

10:29. The strength of the upright is the way of the Lord:  and fear to
them that work evil.

10:30. The just shall never be moved:  but the wicked shall not dwell on
the earth.

10:31. The mouth of the just shall bring forth wisdom:  the tongue of
the perverse shall perish.

10:32. The lips of the just consider what is acceptable:  and the mouth
of the wicked uttereth perverse things.

Proverbs Chapter 11

11:1. A deceitful balance is an abomination before the Lord:  and a just
weight is his will.

11:2. Where pride is, there also shall be reproach:  but where humility
is, there also is wisdom.

11:3. The simplicity of the just shall guide them:  and the
deceitfulness of the wicked shall destroy them.

11:4. Riches shall not profit in the day of revenge:  but justice shall
deliver from death.

11:5. The justice of the upright shall make his way prosperous:  and the
wicked man shall fall by his own wickedness.

11:6. The justice of the righteous shall deliver them:  and the unjust
shall be caught in their own snares.

11:7. When the wicked man is dead, there shall be no hope any more:  and
the expectation of the solicitous shall perish.

11:8. The just is delivered out of distress:  and the wicked shall be
given up for him.

11:9. The dissembler with his mouth deceiveth his friend:  but the just
shall be delivered by knowledge.

11:10. When it goeth well with the just, the city shall rejoice:  and
when the wicked perish, there shall be praise.

11:11. By the blessing of the just the city shall be exalted:  and by
the mouth of the wicked it shall be overthrown.

11:12. He that despiseth his friend, is mean of heart:  but the wise man
will hold his peace.

11:13. He that walketh deceitfully, revealeth secrets:  but he that is
faithful, concealeth the thing committed to him by his friend.

11:14. Where there is no governor, the people shall fall:  but there is
safety where there is much counsel.

11:15. He shall be afflicted with evil, that is surety for a stranger:
but he that is aware of snares, shall be secure.

11:16. A gracious woman shall find glory:  and the strong shall have

11:17. A merciful man doth good to his own soul:  but he that is cruel
casteth off even his own kindred.

11:18. The wicked maketh an unsteady work:  but to him that soweth
justice, there is a faithful reward.

11:19. Clemency prepareth life:  and the pursuing of evil things, death.

11:20. A perverse heart is abominable to the Lord:  and his will is in
them that walk sincerely.

11:21. Hand in hand the evil man shall not be innocent:  but the seed of
the just shall be saved.

11:22. A golden ring in a swine's snout, a woman fair and foolish.

11:23. The desire of the just is all good, the expectation of the
wicked is indignation.

11:24. Some distribute their own goods, and grow richer:  others take
away what is not their own, and are always in want.

11:25. The soul that blesseth, shall be made fat:  and he that
inebriateth, shall be inebriated also himself.

11:26. He that hideth up corn, shall be cursed among the people:  but a
blessing upon the head of them that sell.

11:27. Well doth he rise early who seeketh good things; but he that
seeketh after evil things, shall be oppressed by them.

11:28. He that trusteth in his riches shall fall:  but the just shall
spring up as a green leaf.

11:29. He that troubleth his own house, shall inherit the winds:  and
the fool shall serve the wise.

11:30. The fruit of the just man is a tree of life:  and he that gaineth
souls is wise.

11:31. If the just man receive in the earth, how much more the wicked
and the sinner.

Proverbs Chapter 12

12:1. He that loveth correction, loveth knowledge:  but he that hateth
reproof, is foolish.

12:2. He that is good, shall draw grace from the Lord:  but he that
trusteth in his own devices, doth wickedly.

12:3. Man shall not be strengthened by wickedness:  and the root of the
just shall not be moved.

12:4. A diligent woman is a crown to her husband:  and she that doth
things worthy of confusion, is as rottenness in his bones.

12:5. The thoughts of the just are judgments:  and the counsels of the
wicked are deceitful.

12:6. The words of the wicked lie in wait for blood:  the mouth of the
just shall deliver them.

12:7. Turn the wicked, and they shall not be:  but the house of the just
shall stand firm.

12:8. A man shall be known by his learning:  but he that is vain and
foolish, shall be exposed to contempt.

12:9. Better is the poor man that provideth for himself, than he that
is glorious and wanteth bread.

12:10. The just regardeth the lives of his beasts:  but the bowels of
the wicked are cruel.

12:11. He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread:  but he
that pursueth idleness is very foolish.

12:12. He that is delighted in passing his time over wine, leaveth a
reproach in his strong holds.

12:12. The desire of the wicked is the fortification of evil men:  but
the root of the just shall prosper.

12:13. For the sins of the lips ruin draweth nigh to the evil man:  but
the just shall escape out of distress.

12:14. By the fruit of his own mouth shall a man be filled with good
things, and according to the works of his hands it shall be repaid him.

12:15. The way of a fool is right in his own eyes:  but he that is wise
hearkeneth unto counsels.

12:16. A fool immediately sheweth his anger:  but he that dissembleth
injuries is wise.

12:17. He that speaketh that which he knoweth, sheweth forth justice:
but he that lieth, is a deceitful witness.

12:18. There is that promiseth, and is pricked as it were with a sword
of conscience:  but the tongue of the wise is health.

12:19. The lip of truth shall be steadfast for ever:  but he that is a
hasty witness, frameth a lying tongue.

12:20. Deceit is in the heart of them that think evil things:  but joy
followeth them that take counsels of peace.

12:21. Whatsoever shall befall the just man, shall not make him sad:
but the wicked shall be filled with mischief.

12:22. Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord:  but they that deal
faithfully, please him.

12:23. A cautious man concealeth knowledge:  and the heart of fools
publisheth folly.

12:24. The hand of the valiant shall bear rule:  but that which is
slothful shall be under tribute.

12:25. Grief in the heart of a man shall bring him low, but with a good
word he shall be made glad.

12:26. He that neglecteth a loss for the sake of a friend, is just:  but
the way of the wicked shall deceive them.

12:27. The deceitful man shall not find gain:  but the substance of a
just man shall be precious gold.

12:28. In the path of justice is life:  but the bye-way leadeth to

Proverbs Chapter 13

13:1. A wise son heareth the doctrine of his father:  but he that is a
scorner, heareth not when he is reproved.

13:2. Of the fruit of his own month shall a man be filled with good
things:  but the soul of transgressors is wicked.

13:3. He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his soul:  but he that hath no
guard on his speech shall meet with evils.

13:4. The sluggard willeth, and willeth not:  but the soul of them that
work, shall be made fat.

13:5. The just shall hate a lying word:  but the wicked confoundeth, and
shall be confounded.

13:6. Justice keepeth the way of the innocent:  but wickedness
overthroweth the sinner.

13:7. One is as it were rich, when he hath nothing and another is as it
were poor, when he hath great riches.

13:8. The ransom of a man's life are his riches:  but he that is poor,
beareth not reprehension.

13:9. The light of the just giveth joy:  but the lamp of the wicked
shall be put out.

13:10. Among the proud there are always contentions:  but they that do
all things with counsel, are ruled by wisdom.

13:11. Substance got in haste shall be diminished:  but that which by
little and little is gathered with the hand, shall increase.

13:12. Hope that is deferred afflicteth the soul:  desire when it
cometh, is a tree of life.

13:13. Whosoever speaketh ill of any thing, bindeth himself for the
time to come:  but he that feareth the commandment, shall dwell in
peace.  Deceitful souls go astray in sins:  the just are merciful, and
shew mercy.

13:14. The law of the wise is a fountain of life, that he may decline
from the ruin of death.

13:15. Good instruction shall give grace:  in the way of scorners is a
deep pit.

13:16. The prudent man doth all things with counsel:  but he that is a
fool, layeth open his folly.

13:17. The messenger of the wicked shall fall into mischief:  but a
faithful ambassador is health.

13:18. Poverty and shame to him that refuseth instruction:  but he that
yieldeth to reproof shall be glorified.

13:19. The desire that is accomplished, delighteth the soul:  fools hate
them that flee from evil things.

13:20. He that walketh with the wise, shall be wise:  a friend of fools
shall become like to them.

13:21. Evil pursueth sinners:  and to the just good shall be repaid.

13:22. The good man leaveth heirs, sons, and grandsons:  and the
substance of the sinner is kept for the just.

13:23. Much food is in the tillage of fathers:  but for others it is
gathered without judgment.

13:24. He that spareth the rod, hateth his son:  but he that loveth him,
correcteth him betimes.

13:25. The just eateth and filleth his soul:  but the belly of the
wicked is never to be filled.

Proverbs Chapter 14

14:1. A wise woman buildeth her house:  but the foolish will pull down
with her hands that also which is built.

14:2. He that walketh in the right way, and feareth God, is despised by
him that goeth by an infamous way.

14:3. In the mouth of a fool is the rod of pride:  but the lips of the
wise preserve them.

14:4. Where there are no oxen, the crib is empty:  but where there is
much corn, there the strength of the ox is manifest.

14:5. A faithful witness will not lie:  but a deceitful witness uttereth
a lie.

14:6. A scorner seeketh wisdom, and findeth it not:  the learning of the
wise is easy.

14:7. Go against a foolish man, and he knoweth not the lips of

14:8. The wisdom of a discreet man is to understand his way:  and the
imprudence of fools erreth.

14:9. A fool will laugh at sin, but among the just grace shall abide.

14:10. The heart that knoweth the bitterness of his own soul, in his
joy the stranger shall not intermeddle.

14:11. The house of the wicked shall be destroyed:  but the tabernacles
of the just shall flourish.

14:12. There is a way which seemeth just to a man:  but the ends thereof
lead to death.

14:13. Laughter shall be mingled with sorrow, and mourning taketh hold
of the ends of joy.

14:14. A fool shall be filled with his own ways, and the good man shall
be above him.

14:15. The innocent believeth every word:  the discreet man considereth
his steps.  No good shall come to the deceitful son:  but the wise
servant shall prosper in his dealings, and his way shall be made

14:16. A wise man feareth, and declineth from evil:  the fool leapeth
over, and is confident.

14:17. The impatient man shall work folly:  and the crafty man is

14:18. The childish shall possess folly, and the prudent shall look for

14:19. The evil shall fall down before the good:  and the wicked before
the gates of the just.

14:20. The poor man shall be hateful even to his own neighbour:  but the
friends of the rich are many.

14:21. He that despiseth his neighbour, sinneth:  but he that sheweth
mercy to the poor, shall be blessed.  He that believeth in the Lord,
loveth mercy.

14:22. They err that work evil:  but mercy and truth prepare good

14:23. In much work there shall be abundance:  but where there are many
words, there is oftentimes want.

14:24. The crown of the wise, is their riches:  the folly of fools,

14:25. A faithful witness delivereth souls:  and the double dealer
uttereth lies.

14:26. In the fear of the Lord is confidence of strength, and there
shall be hope for his children.

14:27. The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life, to decline from the
ruin of death.

14:28. In the multitude of people is the dignity of the king:  and in
the small number of the people the dishonour of the prince.

14:29. He that is patient, is governed with much wisdom:  but he that is
impatient, exalteth his folly.

14:30. Soundness of heart is the life of the flesh:  but envy is the
rottenness of the bones.

14:31. He that oppresseth the poor, upbraideth his maker:  but he that
hath pity on the poor, honoureth him.

14:32. The wicked man shall be driven out in his wickedness:  but the
just hath hope in his death.

14:33. In the heart of the prudent resteth wisdom, and it shall
instruct all the ignorant.

14:34. Justice exalteth a nation:  but sin maketh nations miserable.

14:35. A wise servant is acceptable to the king:  he that is good for
nothing shall feel his anger.

Proverbs Chapter 15

15:1. A mild answer breaketh wrath:  but a harsh word stirreth up fury.

15:2. The tongue of the wise adorneth knowledge:  but the mouth of fools
bubbleth out folly.

15:3. The eyes of the Lord in every place behold the good and the evil.

15:4. A peaceable tongue is a tree of life:  but that which is
immoderate, shall crush the spirit.

15:5. A fool laugheth at the instruction of his father:  but he that
regardeth reproofs shall become prudent.  In abundant justice there is
the greatest strength:  but the devices of the wicked shall be rooted

15:6. The house of the just is very much strength:  and in the fruits of
the wicked is trouble.

15:7. The lips of the wise shall disperse knowledge:  the heart of fools
shall be unlike.

15:8. The victims of the wicked are abominable to the Lord:  the vows of
the just are acceptable.

15:9. The way of the wicked is an abomination to the Lord:  he that
followeth justice is beloved by him.

15:10. Instruction is grievous to him that forsaketh the way of life:
he that hateth reproof shall die.

15:11. Hell and destruction are before the Lord:  how much more the
hearts of the children of men?

15:12. A corrupt man loveth not one that reproveth him:  nor will he go
to the wise.

15:13. A glad heart maketh a cheerful countenance:  but by grief of mind
the spirit is cast down.

15:14. The heart of the wise seeketh instruction:  and the mouth of
fools feedeth on foolishness.

15:15. All the days of the poor are evil:  a secure mind is like a
continual feast.

15:16. Better is a little with the fear of the Lord, than great
treasures without content.

15:17. It is better to be invited to herbs with love, than to a fatted
calf with hatred.

15:18. A passionate man stirreth up strifes:  he that is patient
appeaseth those that are stirred up.

15:19. The way of the slothful is as a hedge of thorns:  the way of the
just is without offence.

15:20. A wise son maketh a father joyful:  but the foolish man despiseth
his mother.

15:21. Folly is joy to the fool:  and the wise man maketh straight his

15:22. Designs are brought to nothing where there is no counsel:  but
where there are many counsellors, they are established.

15:23. A man rejoiceth in the sentence of his mouth:  and a word in due
time is best.

15:24. The path of life is above for the wise, that he may decline from
the lowest hell.

15:25. The Lord will destroy the house of the proud:  and will
strengthen the borders of the widow.

15:26. Evil thoughts are an abomination to the Lord:  and pure words
most beautiful shall be confirmed by him.

15:27. He that is greedy of gain troubleth his own house:  but he that
hateth bribes shall live.  By mercy and faith sins are purged away:  and
by the fear of the Lord every one declineth from evil.

15:28. The mind of the just studieth obedience:  the mouth of the wicked
overfloweth with evils.

15:29. The Lord is far from the wicked:  and he will hear the prayers of
the just.

15:30. The light of the eyes rejoiceth the soul:  a good name maketh the
bones fat.

15:31. The ear that heareth the reproofs of life, shall abide in the
midst of the wise.

15:32. He that rejecteth instruction, despiseth his own soul:  but he
that yieldeth to reproof, possesseth understanding.

15:33. The fear of the Lord is the lesson of wisdom:  and humility goeth
before glory.

Proverbs Chapter 16

16:1. It is the part of man to prepare the soul:  and of the Lord to
govern the tongue.

It is the part of man, etc. . .That is, a man should prepare in his
heart and soul what he is to say:  but after all, it must be the Lord
that must govern his tongue, to speak to the purpose.  Not that we can
think any thing of good without God's grace; but that after we have
(with God's grace) thought and prepared within our souls what we would
speak, if God does not govern our tongue, we shall not succeed in what
we speak.

16:2. All the ways of a man are open to his eyes:  the Lord is the
weigher of spirits.

16:3. Lay open thy works to the Lord:  and thy thoughts shall be

16:4. The Lord hath made all things for himself:  the wicked also for
the evil day.

16:5. Every proud man is an abomination to the Lord:  though hand should
be joined to hand, he is not innocent.  The beginning of a good way is
to do justice:  and this is more acceptable with God, than to offer

16:6. By mercy and truth iniquity is redeemed; and by the fear of the
Lord men depart from evil.

16:7. When the ways of man shall please the Lord, he will convert even
his enemies to peace.

16:8. Better is a little with justice, than great revenues with

16:9. The heart of man disposeth his way:  but the Lord must direct his

16:10. Divination is in the lips of the king, his mouth shall not err
in judgment.

16:11. Weight and balance are judgments of the Lord:  and his work all
the weights of the bag.

16:12. They that act wickedly are abominable to the king:  for the
throne is established by justice.

16:13. Just lips are the delight of kings:  he that speaketh right
things shall be loved.

16:14. The wrath of a king is as messengers of death:  and the wise man
will pacify it.

16:15. In the cheerfulness of the king's countenance is life:  and his
clemency is like the latter rain.

16:16. Get wisdom, because it is better than gold:  and purchase
prudence, for it is more precious than silver.

16:17. The path of the just departeth from evils:  he that keepeth his
soul keepeth his way.

16:18. Pride goeth before destruction:  and the spirit is lifted up
before a fall.

16:19. It is better to be humbled with the meek, than to divide spoils
with the proud.

16:20. The learned in word shall find good things:  and he that trusteth
in the Lord is blessed.

16:21. The wise in heart shall be called prudent:  and he that is sweet
in words, shall attain to greater things.

16:22. Knowledge is a fountain of life to him that possesseth it:  the
instruction of fools is foolishness.

16:23. The heart of the wise shall instruct his mouth:  and shall add
grace to his lips.

16:24. Well ordered words are as a honeycomb:  sweet to the soul, and
health to the bones.

16:25. There is a way that seemeth to a man right:  and the ends thereof
lead to death.

16:26. The soul of him that laboureth, laboureth for himself, because
his mouth hath obliged him to it.

16:27. The wicked man diggeth evil, and in his lips is a burning fire.

16:28. A perverse man stirreth up quarrels:  and one full of words
separateth princes.

16:29. An unjust man allureth his friend:  and leadeth him into a way
that is not good.

16:30. He that with fixed eyes deviseth wicked things, biting his lips,
bringeth evil to pass.

16:31. Old age is a crown of dignity, when it is found in the ways of

16:32. The patient man is better than the valiant:  and he that ruleth
his spirit, than he that taketh cities.

16:33. Lots are cast into the lap, but they are disposed of by the

Proverbs Chapter 17

17:1. Better is a dry morsel with joy, than a house full of victims
with strife.

17:2. A wise servant shall rule over foolish sons, and shall divide the
inheritance among the brethren.

17:3. As silver is tried by fire, and gold in the furnace:  so the Lord
trieth the hearts.

17:4. The evil man obeyeth an unjust tongue:  and the deceitful
hearkeneth to lying lips.

17:5. He that despiseth the poor, reproacheth his maker:  and he that
rejoiceth at another man's ruin, shall not be unpunished.

17:6. Children's children are the crown of old men:  and the glory of
children are their fathers.

17:7. Eloquent words do not become a fool, nor lying lips a prince.

17:8. The expectation of him that expecteth is a most acceptable jewel:
whithersoever he turneth himself, he understandeth wisely.

17:9. He that concealeth a transgression, seeketh friendships:  he that
repeateth it again, separateth friends.

17:10. A reproof availeth more with a wise man, than a hundred stripes
with a fool.

17:11. An evil man always seeketh quarrels:  but a cruel angel shall be
sent against him.

17:12. It is better to meet a bear robbed of her whelps, than a fool
trusting in his own folly.

17:13. He that rendereth evil for good, evil shall not depart from his

17:14. The beginning of quarrels is as when one letteth out water:  and
before he suffereth reproach, he forsaketh judgment.

17:15. He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just,
both are abominable before God.

17:16. What doth it avail a fool to have riches, seeing he cannot buy
wisdom?  He that maketh his house high, seeketh a downfall:  and he that
refuseth to learn, shall fall into evils.

17:17. He that is a friend loveth at all times:  and a brother is proved
in distress.

17:18. A foolish man will clap hands, when he is surety for his friend.

17:19. He that studieth discords, loveth quarrels:  and he that exalteth
his door, seeketh ruin.

17:20. He that is of a perverse heart, shall not find good:  and he that
perverteth his tongue, shall fall into evil.

17:21. A fool is born to his own disgrace:  and even his father shall
not rejoice in a fool.

17:22. A joyful mind maketh age flourishing:  a sorrowful spirit drieth
up the bones.

17:23. The wicked man taketh gifts out of the bosom, that he may
pervert the paths of judgment.

17:24. Wisdom shineth in the face of the wise:  the eyes of fools are in
the ends of the earth.

17:25. A foolish son is the anger of the father:  and the sorrow of the
mother that bore him.

17:26. It is no good thing to do hurt to the just:  nor to strike the
prince, who judgeth right.

17:27. He that setteth bounds to his words, is knowing and wise:  and
the man of understanding is of a precious spirit.

17:28. Even a fool, if he will hold his peace, shall be counted wise:
and if he close his lips, a man of understanding.

Proverbs Chapter 18

18:1. He that hath a mind to depart from a friend, seeketh occasions:
he shall ever be subject to reproach.

18:2. A fool receiveth not the words of prudence:  unless thou say those
things which are in his heart.

18:3. The wicked man, when he is come into the depths of sins,
contemneth:  but ignominy and reproach follow him.

18:4. Words from the mouth of a man are as deep water:  and the fountain
of wisdom is an overflowing stream.

18:5. It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to decline
from the truth of judgment.

18:6. The lips of a fool intermeddle with strife:  and his mouth
provoketh quarrels.

18:7. The mouth of a fool is his destruction:  and his lips are the ruin
of his soul.

18:8. The words of the double tongued are as if they were harmless:  and
they reach even to the inner parts of the bowels.  Fear casteth down the
slothful:  and the souls of the effeminate shall be hungry.

18:9. He that is loose and slack in his work, is the brother of him
that wasteth his own works.

18:10. The name of the Lord is a strong tower:  the just runneth to it,
and shall be exalted.

18:11. The substance of the rich man is the city of his strength, and
as a strong wall compassing him about.

18:12. Before destruction, the heart of a man is exalted:  and before he
be glorified, it is humbled.

18:13. He that answereth before he heareth, sheweth himself to be a
fool, and worthy of confusion.

18:14. The spirit of a man upholdeth his infirmity:  but a spirit that
is easily angered, who can bear?

18:15. A wise heart shall acquire knowledge:  and the ear of the wise
seeketh instruction.

18:16. A man's gift enlargeth his way, and maketh him room before

18:17. The just is first accuser of himself:  his friend cometh, and
shall search him.

18:18. The lot suppresseth contentions, and determineth even between
the mighty.

18:19. A brother that is helped by his brother, is like a strong city:
and judgments are like the bars of cities.

18:20. Of the fruit of a man's mouth shall his belly be satisfied:  and
the offspring of his lips shall fill him.

18:21. Death and life are in the power of the tongue:  they that love
it, shall eat the fruits thereof.

18:22. He that hath found a good wife, hath found a good thing, and
shall receive a pleasure from the Lord.  He that driveth away a good
wife, driveth away a good thing:  but he that keepeth an adulteress, is
foolish and wicked.

18:23. The poor will speak with supplications, and the rich will speak

18:24. A man amiable in society, shall be more friendly than a brother.

Proverbs Chapter 19

19:1. Better is the poor man, that walketh in his simplicity, than a
rich man that is perverse in his lips and unwise.

19:2. Where there is no knowledge of the soul, there is no good:  and he
that is hasty with his feet shall stumble.

19:3. The folly of a man supplanteth his steps:  and he fretteth in his
mind against God.

19:4. Riches make many friends:  but from the poor man, even they whom
he had, depart.

19:5. A false witness shall not be unpunished:  and he that speaketh
lies, shall not escape.

19:6. Many honour the person of him that is mighty, and are friends of
him that giveth gifts.

19:7. The brethren of the poor man hate him:  moreover also his friends
have departed far from him.  He that followeth after words only, shall
have nothing.

19:8. But he that possesseth a mind, loveth his own soul, and he that
keepeth prudence, shall find good things.

19:9. A false witness shall not be unpunished:  and he that speaketh
lies, shall perish.

19:10. Delicacies are not seemly for a fool:  nor for a servant to have
rule over princes.

19:11. The learning of a man is known by patience:  and his glory is to
pass over wrongs.

19:12. As the roaring of a lion, so also is the anger of a king:  and
his cheerfulness as the dew upon the grass.

19:13. A foolish son is the grief of his father:  and a wrangling wife
is like a roof continually dropping through.

19:14. House and riches are given by parents:  but a prudent wife is
properly from the Lord.

19:15. Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep, and an idle soul shall
suffer hunger.

19:16. He that keepeth the commandment, keepeth his own soul:  but he
that neglecteth his own way, shall die.

19:17. He that hath mercy on the poor, lendeth to the Lord:  and he will
repay him.

19:18. Chastise thy son, despair not:  but to the killing of him set not
thy soul.

19:19. He that is impatient, shall suffer damage:  and when he shall
take away, he shall add another thing.

19:20. Hear counsel, and receive instruction, that thou mayst be wise
in thy latter end.

19:21. There are many thoughts in the heart of a man:  but the will of
the Lord shall stand firm.

19:22. A needy man is merciful:  and better is the poor than the lying

19:23. The fear of the Lord is unto life:  and he shall abide in the
fulness without being visited with evil.

19:24. The slothful hideth his hand under his armpit, and will not so
much as bring it to his mouth.

19:25. The wicked man being scourged, the fool shall be wiser:  but if
thou rebuke a wise man, he will understand discipline.

19:26. He that afflicteth his father, and chaseth away his mother, is
infamous and unhappy.

19:27. Cease not, O my son, to hear instruction, and be not ignorant of
the words of knowledge.

19:28. An unjust witness scorneth judgment:  and the mouth of the wicked
devoureth iniquity.

19:29. Judgments are prepared for scorners:  and striking hammers for
the bodies of fools.

Proverbs Chapter 20

20:1. Wine is a luxurious thing, and drunkenness riotous:  whosoever is
delighted therewith, shall not be wise.

20:2. As the roaring of a lion, so also is the dread of a king:  he that
provoketh him, sinneth against his own soul.

20:3. It is an honour for a man to separate himself from quarrels:  but
all fools are meddling with reproaches.

20:4. Because of the cold the sluggard would not plough:  he shall beg
therefore in the summer, and it shall not be given him.

20:5. Counsel in the heart of a man is like deep water:  but a wise man
will draw it out.

20:6. Many men are called merciful:  but who shall find a faithful man?

20:7. The just that walketh in his simplicity, shall leave behind him
blessed children.

20:8. The king, that sitteth on the throne of judgment, scattereth away
all evil with his look.

20:9. Who can say:  My heart is clean, I am pure from sin?

20:10. Diverse weights and diverse measures, both are abominable before

20:11. By his inclinations a child is known, if his works be clean and

20:12. The hearing ear, and the seeing eye, the Lord hath made them

20:13. Love not sleep, lest poverty oppress thee:  open thy eyes, and be
filled with bread.

20:14. It is naught, it is naught, saith every buyer:  and when he is
gone away, then he will boast.

20:15. There is gold and a multitude of jewels:  but the lips of
knowledge are a precious vessel.

20:16. Take away the garment of him that is surety for a stranger, and
take a pledge from him for strangers.

20:17. The bread of lying is sweet to a man:  but afterwards his mouth
shall be filled with gravel.

20:18. Designs are strengthened by counsels:  and wars are to be managed
by governments.

20:19. Meddle not with him that revealeth secrets, and walketh
deceitfully, and openeth wide his lips.

20:20. He that curseth his father, and mother, his lamp shall be put
out in the midst of darkness.

20:21. The inheritance gotten hastily in the beginning, in the end
shall be without a blessing.

20:22. Say not:  I will return evil:  wait for the Lord, and he will
deliver thee.

20:23. Diverse weights are an abomination before the Lord:  a deceitful
balance is not good.

20:24. The steps of men are guided by the Lord:  but who is the man that
can understand his own way?

20:25. It is ruin to a man to devour holy ones, and after vows to

20:26. A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth over them the

20:27. The spirit of a man is the lamp of the Lord, which searcheth all
the hidden things of the bowels.

20:28. Mercy and truth preserve the king, and his throne is
strengthened by clemency.

20:29. The joy of young men is their strength:  and the dignity of old
men, their grey hairs.

20:30. The blueness of a wound shall wipe away evils:  and stripes in
the more inward parts of the belly.

Proverbs Chapter 21

21:1. As the divisions of waters, so the heart of the king is in the
hand of the Lord:  whithersoever he will, he shall turn it.

21:2. Every way of a man seemeth right to himself:  but the Lord
weigheth the hearts.

21:3. To do mercy and judgment, pleaseth the Lord more than victims.

21:4. Haughtiness of the eyes is the enlarging of the heart:  the lamp
of the wicked is sin.

21:5. The thoughts of the industrious always bring forth abundance:  but
every sluggard is always in want.

21:6. He that gathereth treasures by a lying tongue, is vain and
foolish, and shall stumble upon the snares of death.

21:7. The robberies of the wicked shall be their downfall, because they
would not do judgment.

21:8. The perverse way of a man is strange:  but as for him that is
pure, his work is right.

21:9. It is better to sit in a corner of the housetop, than with a
brawling woman, and in a common house.

21:10. The soul of the wicked desireth evil, he will not have pity on
his neighbour.

21:11. When a pestilent man is punished, the little one will be wiser:
and if he follow the wise, he will receive knowledge.

21:12. The just considereth seriously the house of the wicked, that he
may withdraw the wicked from evil.

21:13. He that stoppeth his ear against the cry of the poor, shall also
cry himself, and shall not be heard.

21:14. A secret present quencheth anger:  and a gift in the bosom, the
greatest wrath.

21:15. It is joy to the just to do judgment:  and dread to them that
work iniquity.

21:16. A man that shall wander out of the way of doctrine, shall abide
in the company of the giants.

21:17. He that loveth good cheer, shall be in want:  he that loveth
wine, and fat things, shall not be rich.

21:18. The wicked is delivered up for the just:  and the unjust for the

21:19. It is better to dwell in a wilderness, than with a quarrelsome
and passionate woman.

21:20. There is a treasure to be desired, and oil in the dwelling of
the just:  and the foolish man shall spend it.

21:21. He that followeth justice and mercy, shall find life, justice,
and glory.

21:22. The wise man hath scaled the city of the strong, and hath cast
down the strength of the confidence thereof.

21:23. He that keepeth his mouth and his tongue, keepeth his soul from

21:24. The proud and the arrogant is called ignorant, who in anger
worketh pride.

21:25. Desires kill the slothful:  for his hands have refused to work at

21:26. He longeth and desireth all the day:  but he that is just, will
give, and will not cease.

21:27. The sacrifices of the wicked are abominable, because they are
offered of wickedness.

21:28. A lying witness shall perish:  an obedient man shall speak of

21:29. The wicked man impudently hardeneth his face:  but he that is
righteous, correcteth his way.

21:30. There is no wisdom, there is no prudence, there is no counsel
against the Lord.

21:31. The horse is prepared for the day of battle:  but the Lord giveth

Proverbs Chapter 22

22:1. A good name is better than great riches:  and good favour is above
silver and gold.

22:2. The rich and poor have met one another:  the Lord is the maker of
them both.

22:3. The prudent man saw the evil, and hid himself:  the simple passed
on, and suffered loss.

22:4. The fruit of humility is the fear of the Lord, riches and glory
and life.

22:5. Arms and swords are in the way of the perverse:  but he that
keepeth his own soul, departeth far from them.

22:6. It is a proverb:  A young man according to his way, even when he
is old, he will not depart from it.

22:7. The rich ruleth over the poor:  and the borrower is servant to him
that lendeth.

22:8. He that soweth iniquity, shall reap evils, and with the rod of
his anger he shall be consumed.

22:9. He that is inclined to mercy, shall be blessed:  for of his bread
he hath given to the poor.  He that maketh presents, shall purchase
victory and honour:  but he carrieth away the souls of the receivers.

22:10. Cast out the scoffer, and contention shall go out with him, and
quarrels and reproaches shall cease.

22:11. He that loveth cleanness of heart, for the grace of his lips
shall have the king for his friend.

22:12. The eyes of the Lord preserve knowledge:  and the words of the
unjust are overthrown.

22:13. The slothful man saith:  There is a lion without, I shall be
slain in the midst of the streets.

22:14. The mouth of a strange woman is a deep pit:  he whom the Lord is
angry with, shall fall into it.

22:15. Folly is bound up in the heart of a child, and the rod of
correction shall drive it away.

22:16. He that oppresseth the poor, to increase his own riches, shall
himself give to one that is richer, and shall be in need.

22:17. Incline thy ear, and hear the words of the wise:  and apply thy
heart to my doctrine:

22:18. Which shall be beautiful for thee, if thou keep it in thy
bowels, and it shall flow in thy lips:

22:19. That thy trust may be in the Lord, wherefore I have also shewn
it to thee this day.

22:20. Behold I have described it to thee three manner of ways, in
thoughts and knowledge:

22:21. That I might shew thee the certainty, and the words of truth, to
answer out of these to them that sent thee.

22:22. Do no violence to the poor, because he is poor:  and do not
oppress the needy in the gate:

22:23. Because the Lord will judge his cause:  and will afflict them
that have afflicted his soul.

22:24. Be not a friend to an angry man, and do not walk with a furious

22:25. Lest perhaps thou learn his ways, and take scandal to thy soul.

22:26. Be not with them that fasten down their hands, and that offer
themselves sureties for debts:

22:27. For if thou have not wherewith to restore, what cause is there
that he should take the covering from thy bed?

22:28. Pass not beyond the ancient bounds which thy fathers have set.

22:29. Hast thou seen a man swift in his work?  he shall stand before
kings, and shall not be before those that are obscure.

Proverbs Chapter 23

23:1. When thou shalt sit to eat with a prince, consider diligently
what is set before thy face:

23:2. And put a knife to thy throat, if it be so that thou have thy
soul in thy own power.

23:3. Be not desirous of his meats, in which is the bread of deceit.

23:4. Labour not to be rich:  but set bounds to thy prudence.

23:5. Lift not up thy eyes to riches which thou canst not have:  because
they shall make themselves wings like those of an eagle, and shall fly
towards heaven.

23:6. Eat not with an envious man, and desire not his meats:

23:7. Because, like a soothsayer, and diviner, he thinketh that which
he knoweth not.  Eat and drink, will he say to thee:  and his mind is not
with thee.

23:8. The meats which thou hadst eaten, thou shalt vomit up:  and shalt
loose thy beautiful words.

23:9. Speak not in the ears of fools:  because they will despise the
instruction of thy speech.

23:10. Touch not the bounds of little ones:  and enter not into the
field of the fatherless:

23:11. For their near kinsman is strong:  and he will judge their cause
against thee.

23:12. Let thy heart apply itself to instruction and thy ears to words
of knowledge.

23:13. Withhold not correction from a child:  for if thou strike him
with the rod, he shall not die.

23:14. Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and deliver his soul from

23:15. My son, if thy mind be wise, my heart shall rejoice with thee:

23:16. And my reins shall rejoice, when thy lips shall speak what is

23:17. Let not thy heart envy sinners:  but be thou in the fear of the
Lord all the day long:

23:18. Because thou shalt have hope in the latter end, and thy
expectation shall not be taken away.

23:19. Hear thou, my son, and be wise:  and guide thy mind in the way.

23:20. Be not in the feasts of great drinkers, nor in their revellings,
who contribute flesh to eat:

23:21. Because they that give themselves to drinking, and that club
together, shall be consumed:  and drowsiness shall be clothed with rags.

23:22. Hearken to thy father, that begot thee:  and despise not thy
mother when she is old.

23:23. Buy truth, and do not sell wisdom, and instruction, and

23:24. The father of the just rejoiceth greatly:  he that hath begotten
a wise son, shall have joy in him.

23:25. Let thy father and thy mother be joyful, and let her rejoice
that bore thee.

23:26. My son, give me thy heart:  and let thy eyes keep my ways.

23:27. For a harlot is a deep ditch:  and a strange woman is a narrow

23:28. She lieth in wait in the way as a robber, and him whom she shall
see unwary, she will kill.

23:29. Who hath woe?  whose father hath woe?  who hath contentions?  who
falls into pits?  who hath wounds without cause?  who hath redness of

23:30. Surely they that pass their time in wine, and study to drink off
their cups.

23:31. Look not upon the wine when it is yellow, when the colour
thereof shineth in the glass:  it goeth in pleasantly,

23:32. But in the end, it will bite like a snake, and will spread
abroad poison like a basilisk.

23:33. Thy eyes shall behold strange women, and thy heart shall utter
perverse things.

23:34. And thou shalt be as one sleeping in the midst of the sea, and
as a pilot fast asleep when the stern is lost.

23:35. And thou shalt say:  They have beaten me, but I was not sensible
of pain:  they drew me, and I felt not:  when shall I awake and find wine

Proverbs Chapter 24

24:1. Seek not to be like evil men, neither desire to be with them:

24:2. Because their mind studieth robberies, and their lips speak

24:3. By wisdom the house shall be built, and by prudence it shall be

24:4. By instruction the storerooms shall be filled with all precious
and most beautiful wealth.

24:5. A wise man is strong:  and a knowing man, stout and valiant.

24:6. Because war is managed by due ordering:  and there shall be safety
where there are many counsels.

24:7. Wisdom is too high for a fool; in the gate he shall not open his

24:8. He that deviseth to do evils, shall be called a fool.

24:9. The thought of a fool is sin:  and the detractor is the
abomination of men.

24:10. If thou lose hope, being weary in the day of distress, thy
strength shall be diminished.

24:11. Deliver them that are led to death:  and those that are drawn to
death, forbear not to deliver.

24:12. If thou say:  I have not strength enough:  he that seeth into the
heart, he understandeth, and nothing deceiveth the keeper of thy soul,
and he shall render to a man according to his works.

24:13. Eat honey, my son, because it is good, and the honeycomb most
sweet to thy throat.

24:14. So also is the doctrine of wisdom to thy soul:  which when thou
hast found, thou shalt have hope in the end, and thy hope shall not

24:15. Lie not in wait, nor seek after wickedness in the house of the
just, nor spoil his rest.

24:16. For a just man shall fall seven times, and shall rise again:  but
the wicked shall fall down into evil.

24:17. When thy enemy shall fall, be not glad, and in his ruin let not
thy heart rejoice:

24:18. Lest the Lord see, and it displease him, and he turn away his
wrath from him.

24:19. Contend not with the wicked, nor seek to be like the ungodly.

24:20. For evil men have no hope of things to come, and the lamp of the
wicked shall be put out.

24:21. My son, fear the Lord, and the king:  and have nothing to do with

24:22. For their destruction shall rise suddenly:  and who knoweth the
ruin of both?

24:23. These things also to the wise:  It is not good to have respect to
persons in judgment.

24:24. They that say to the wicked man:  Thou art just:  shall be cursed
by the people, and the tribes shall abhor them.

24:25. They that rebuke him shall be praised:  and a blessing shall come
upon them.

24:26. He shall kiss the lips, who answereth right words.

24:27. Prepare thy work without, and diligently till thy ground:  that
afterward thou mayst build thy house.

24:28. Be not witness without cause against thy neighbour:  and deceive
not any man with thy lips.

24:29. Say not:  I will do to him as he hath done to me:  I will render
to every one according to his work.

24:30. I passed by the field of the slothful man, and by the vineyard
of the foolish man:

24:31. And behold it was all filled with nettles, and thorns had
covered the face thereof, and the stone wall was broken down.

24:32. Which when I had seen, I laid it up in my heart, and by the
example I received instruction.

24:33. Thou wilt sleep a little, said I, thou wilt slumber a little,
thou wilt fold thy hands a little to rest.

24:34. And poverty shall come to thee as a runner, and beggary as an
armed man.

Proverbs Chapter 25

25:1. These are also parables of Solomon, which the men of Ezechias,
king of Juda, copied out.

25:2. It is the glory of God to conceal the word, and the glory of
kings to search out the speech.

25:3. The heaven above and the earth beneath, and the heart of kings is

25:4. Take away the rust from silver, and there shall come forth a most
pure vessel:

25:5. Take away wickedness from the face of the king, and his throne
shall be established with justice.

25:6. Appear not glorious before the king, and stand not in the place
of great men.

25:7. For it is better that it should be said to thee:  Come up hither;
than that thou shouldst be humbled before the prince.

25:8. The things which thy eyes have seen, utter not hastily in a
quarrel:  lest afterward thou mayst not be able to make amends, when
thou hast dishonoured thy friend.

25:9. Treat thy cause with thy friend, and discover not the secret to a

25:10. Lest he insult over thee, when he hath heard it, and cease not
to upbraid thee.  Grace and friendship deliver a man:  keep these for
thyself, lest thou fall under reproach.

25:11. To speak a word in due time, is like apples of gold on beds of

25:12. As an earring of gold and a bright pearl, so is he that
reproveth the wise, and the obedient ear.

25:13. As the cold of snow in the time of harvest, so is a faithful
messenger to him that sent him, for he refresheth his soul.

25:14. As clouds, and wind, when no rain followeth, so is the man that
boasteth, and doth not fulfil his promises.

25:15. By patience a prince shall be appeased, and a soft tongue shall
break hardness.

25:16. Thou hast found honey, eat what is sufficient for thee, lest
being glutted therewith thou vomit it up.

25:17. Withdraw thy foot from the house of thy neighbour, lest having
his fill he hate thee.

25:18. A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour, is like
a dart and a sword and a sharp arrow.

25:19. To trust in an unfaithful man in the time of trouble, is like a
rotten tooth, and weary foot,

25:20. And one that looseth his garment in cold weather.  As vinegar
upon nitre, so is he that singeth songs to a very evil heart.  As a moth
doth by a garment, and a worm by the wood:  so the sadness of a man
consumeth the heart.

25:21. If thy enemy be hungry, give him to eat:  if he thirst, give him
water to drink:

25:22. For thou shalt heap hot coals upon his head, and the Lord will
reward thee.

25:23. The north wind driveth away rain, as doth a sad countenance a
backbiting tongue.

25:24. It is better to sit in a corner of the housetop:  than with a
brawling woman, and in a common house.

25:25. As cold water to a thirsty soul, so are good tidings from a far

25:26. A just man falling down before the wicked, is as a fountain
troubled with the foot and a corrupted spring.

25:27. As it is not good for a man to eat much honey, so he that is a
searcher of majesty shall be overwhelmed by glory.

Majesty. . .Viz., of God.  For to search into that incomprehensible
Majesty, and to pretend to sound the depths of the wisdom of God, is
exposing our weak understanding to be blinded with an excess of light
and glory, which it cannot comprehend.

25:28. As a city that lieth open and is not compassed with walls, so is
a man that cannot refrain his own spirit in speaking.

Proverbs Chapter 26

26:1. As snow in summer, and rain in harvest, so glory is not seemly
for a fool.

26:2. As a bird flying to other places, and a sparrow going here or
there:  so a curse uttered without cause shall come upon a man.

As a bird, etc. . .The meaning is, that a curse uttered without cause
shall do no harm to the person that is cursed, but will return upon him
that curseth, as whithersoever a bird flies, it returns to its own

26:3. A whip for a horse, and a snaffle for an ass, and a rod for the
back of fools.

26:4. Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou be made like

Answer not a fool, etc. . .Viz., so as to imitate him but only so as to
reprove his folly.

26:5. Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he imagine himself to
be wise.

26:6. He that sendeth words by a foolish messenger, is lame of feet and
drinketh iniquity.

26:7. As a lame man hath fair legs in vain:  so a parable is unseemly in
the mouth of fools.

26:8. As he that casteth a stone into the heap of Mercury:  so is he
that giveth honour to a fool.

26:9. As if a thorn should grow in the hand of a drunkard:  so is a
parable in the mouth of fools.

26:10. Judgment determineth causes:  and he that putteth a fool to
silence, appeaseth anger.

26:11. As a dog that returneth to his vomit, so is the fool that
repeateth his folly.

26:12. Hast thou seen a man wise in his own conceit?  there shall be
more hope of a fool than of him.

26:13. The slothful man saith:  There is a lion in the way, and a
lioness in the roads.

26:14. As the door turneth upon its hinges, so doth the slothful upon
his bed.

26:15. The slothful hideth his hand under his armpit, and it grieveth
him to turn it to his mouth.

26:16. The sluggard is wiser in his own conceit, than seven men that
speak sentences.

26:17. As he that taketh a dog by the ears, so is he that passeth by in
anger, and meddleth with another man's quarrel.

26:18. As he is guilty that shooteth arrows, and lances unto death.

26:19. So is the man that hurteth his friend deceitfully:  and when he
is taken, saith:  I did it in jest.

26:20. When the wood faileth, the fire shall go out:  and when the
talebearer is taken away, contentions shall cease.

26:21. As coals are to burning coals, and wood to fire, so an angry man
stirreth up strife.

26:22. The words of a talebearer are as it were simple, but they reach
to the innermost parts of the belly.

26:23. Swelling lips joined with a corrupt heart, are like an earthern
vessel adorned with silver dross.

26:24. An enemy is known by his lips, when in his heart he entertaineth

26:25. When he shall speak low, trust him not:  because there are seven
mischiefs in his heart.

26:26. He that covereth hatred deceitfully, his malice shall be laid
open in the public assembly.

26:27. He that diggeth a pit, shall fall into it:  and he that rolleth a
stone, it shall return to him.

26:28. A deceitful tongue loveth not truth:  and a slippery mouth
worketh ruin.

Proverbs Chapter 27

27:1. Boast not for to morrow, for thou knowest not what the day to
come may bring forth.

27:2. Let another praise thee, and not thy own mouth:  a stranger, and
not thy own lips.

27:3. A stone is heavy, and sand weighty:  but the anger of a fool is
heavier than them both.

27:4. Anger hath no mercy:  nor fury, when it breaketh forth:  and who
can bear the violence of one provoked?

27:5. Open rebuke is better than hidden love.

27:6. Better are the wounds of a friend, than the deceitful kisses of
an enemy.

27:7. A soul that is full shall tread upon the honeycomb:  and a soul
that is hungry shall take even bitter for sweet.

27:8. As a bird that wandereth from her nest, so is a man that leaveth
his place.

27:9. Ointment and perfumes rejoice the heart:  and the good counsels of
a friend are sweet to the soul.

27:10. Thy own friend, and thy father's friend, forsake not:  and go not
into thy brother's house in the day of thy affliction.  Better is a
neighbour that is near than a brother afar off.

27:11. Study wisdom, my son, and make my heart joyful, that thou mayst
give an answer to him that reproacheth.

27:12. The prudent man seeing evil hideth himself:  little ones passing
on have suffered losses.

27:13. Take away his garment that hath been surety for a stranger:  and
take from him a pledge for strangers.

27:14. He that blesseth his neighbour with a loud voice, rising in the
night, shall be like to him that curseth.

27:15. Roofs dropping through in a cold day, and a contentious woman
are alike.

27:16. He that retaineth her, is as he that would hold the wind, and
shall call the oil of his right hand.

27:17. Iron sharpeneth iron, so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his

27:18. He that keepeth the fig tree, shall eat the fruit thereof:  and
he that is the keeper of his master, shall be glorified.

27:19. As the faces of them that look therein, shine in the water, so
the hearts of men are laid open to the wise.

27:20. Hell and destruction are never filled:  so the eyes of men are
never satisfied.

27:21. As silver is tried in the fining-pot, and gold in the furnace:
so a man is tried by the mouth of him that praiseth.  The heart of the
wicked seeketh after evils, but the righteous heart seeketh after

27:22. Though thou shouldst bray a fool in the mortar, as when a pestle
striketh upon sodden barley, his folly would not be taken from him.

27:23. Be diligent to know the countenance of thy cattle, and consider
thy own flocks:

27:24. For thou shalt not always have power:  but a crown shall be given
to generation and generation.

27:25. The meadows are open, and the green herbs have appeared, and the
hay is gathered out of the mountains.

27:26. Lambs are for thy clothing:  and kids for the price of the field.

27:27. Let the milk of the goats be enough for thy food, and for the
necessities of thy house, and for maintenance for thy handmaids.

Proverbs Chapter 28

28:1. The wicked man fleeth, when no man pursueth:  but the just, bold
as a lion, shall be without dread.

28:2. For the sins of the land many are the princes thereof:  and for
the wisdom of a man, and the knowledge of those things that are said,
the life of the prince shall be prolonged.

28:3. A poor man that oppresseth the poor, is like a violent shower,
which bringeth a famine.

28:4. They that forsake the law, praise the wicked man:  they that keep
it, are incensed against him.

28:5. Evil men think not on judgment:  but they that seek after the
Lord, take notice of all things.

28:6. Better is the poor man walking in his simplicity, than the rich
in crooked ways.

28:7. He that keepeth the law, is a wise son:  but he that feedeth
gluttons, shameth his father.

28:8. He that heapeth together riches by usury and loan, gathereth them
for him that will be bountiful to the poor.

28:9. He that turneth away his ears from hearing the law, his prayer
shall be an abomination.

28:10. He that deceiveth the just in a wicked way, shall fall in his
own destruction:  and the upright shall possess his goods.

28:11. The rich man seemeth to himself wise:  but the poor man that is
prudent shall search him out.

28:12. In the joy of the just there is great glory:  when the wicked
reign, men are ruined.

28:13. He that hideth his sins, shall not prosper:  but he that shall
confess, and forsake them, shall obtain mercy.

28:14. Blessed is the man that is always fearful:  but he that is
hardened in mind shall fall into evil.

28:15. As a roaring lion, and a hungry bear, so is a wicked prince over
the poor people.

28:16. A prince void of prudence shall oppress many by calumny:  but he
that hateth covetousness, shall prolong his days.

28:17. A man that doth violence to the blood of a person, if he flee
even to the pit, no man will stay him.

28:18. He that walketh uprightly, shall be saved:  he that is perverse
in his ways, shall fall at once.

28:19. He that tilleth his ground, shall be filled with bread:  but he
that followeth idleness, shall be filled with poverty.

28:20. A faithful man shall be much praised:  but he that maketh haste
to be rich, shall not be innocent.

28:21. He that hath respect to a person in judgment, doth not well:
such a man even for a morsel of bread forsaketh the truth.

28:22. A man that maketh haste to be rich, and envieth others, is
ignorant that poverty shall come upon him.

28:23. He that rebuketh a man, shall afterward find favour with him,
more than he that by a flattering tongue deceiveth him.

28:24. He that stealeth any thing from his father, or from his mother:
and saith, This is no sin, is the partner of a murderer.

28:26. He that boasteth and puffeth up himself, stirreth up quarrels:
but he that trusteth in the Lord, shall be healed.

28:26. He that trusteth in his own heart, is a fool:  but he that
walketh wisely, he shall be saved.

28:27. He that giveth to the poor shall not want:  he that despiseth his
entreaty, shall suffer indigence.

28:28. When the wicked rise up, men shall hide themselves:  when they
perish, the just shall be multiplied.

Proverbs Chapter 29

29:1. The man that with a stiff neck despiseth him that reproveth him,
shall suddenly be destroyed:  and health shall not follow him.

29:2. When just men increase, the people shall rejoice:  when the wicked
shall bear rule, the people shall mourn.

29:3. A man that loveth wisdom, rejoiceth his father:  but he that
maintaineth harlots, shall squander away his substance.

29:4. A just king setteth up the land:  a covetous man shall destroy it.

29:5. A man that speaketh to his friend with flattering and dissembling
words, spreadeth a net for his feet.

29:6. A snare shall entangle the wicked man when he sinneth:  and the
just shall praise and rejoice.

29:7. The just taketh notice of the cause of the poor:  the wicked is
void of knowledge.

29:8. Corrupt men bring a city to ruin:  but wise men turn away wrath.

29:9. If a wise man contend with a fool, whether he be angry, or laugh,
he shall find no rest.

29:10. Bloodthirsty men hate the upright:  but just men seek his soul.

29:11. A fool uttereth all his mind:  a wise man deferreth, and keepeth
it till afterwards.

29:12. A prince that gladly heareth lying words, hath all his servants

29:13. The poor man and the creditor have met one another:  the Lord is
the enlightener of them both.

29:14. The king that judgeth the poor in truth, his throne shall be
established for ever.

29:15. The rod and reproof give wisdom:  but the child that is left to
his own will, bringeth his mother to shame.

29:16. When the wicked are multiplied, crimes shall be multiplied:  but
the just shall see their downfall.

29:17. Instruct thy son and he shall refresh thee, and shall give
delight to thy soul.

29:18. When prophecy shall fail, the people shall be scattered abroad:
but he that keepeth the law, is blessed.

29:19. A slave will not be corrected by words:  because he understandeth
what thou sayest, and will not answer.

29:20. Hast thou seen a man hasty to speak?  folly is rather to be
looked for, than his amendment.

29:21. He that nourisheth his servant delicately from his childhood,
afterwards shall find him stubborn.

29:22. A passionate man provoketh quarrels:  and he that is easily
stirred up to wrath, shall be more prone to sin.

29:23. Humiliation followeth the proud:  and glory shall uphold the
humble of spirit.

29:24. He that is partaker with a thief, hateth his own soul:  he
heareth one putting him to his oath, and discovereth not.

29:25. He that feareth man shall quickly fall:  he that trusteth in the
Lord, shall be set on high.

29:26. Many seek the face of the prince:  but the judgment of every one
cometh forth from the Lord.

29:27. The just abhor a wicked man:  and the wicked loathe them that are
in the right way.  The son that keepeth the word, shall be free from

Proverbs Chapter 30

The wise man thinketh humbly of himself.  His prayer and sentiments upon
certain virtues and vices.

30:1. The words of Gatherer the son of Vomiter.  The vision which the
man spoke, with whom God is, and who being strengthened by God, abiding
with him, said:

Gatherer, etc. . .Or, as it is in the Latin, Congregans the son of
Vomens.  The Latin interpreter has given us in this place the
signification of the Hebrew names, instead of the names themselves,
which are in the Hebrew, Agur the son of Jakeh.  But whether this Agur
be the same person as Solomon, as many think, or a different person,
whose doctrine was adopted by Solomon, and inserted among his parables
or proverbs, is uncertain.

30:2. I am the most foolish of men, and the wisdom of men is not with

30:3. I have not learned wisdom, and have not known the science of

30:4. Who hath ascended up into heaven, and descended?  who hath held
the wind in his hands?  who hath bound up the waters together as in a
garment?  who hath raised up all the borders of the earth?  what is his
name, and what is the name of his son, if thou knowest?

30:5. Every word of God is fire tried:  he is a buckler to them that
hope in him.

Is fire tried. . .That is, most pure, like gold purified by fire.

30:6. Add not any thing to his words, lest thou be reproved and found a

30:7. Two things I have asked of thee, deny them not to me before I

30:8. Remove far from me vanity, and lying words.  Give me neither
beggary, nor riches:  give me only the necessaries of life:

30:9. Lest perhaps being filled, I should be tempted to deny, and say:
Who is the Lord?  or being compelled by poverty, I should steal, and
forswear the name of my God.

30:10. Accuse not a servant to his master, lest he curse thee, and thou

30:11. There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not
bless their mother.

30:12. A generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet are not
washed from their filthiness.

30:13. A generation, whose eyes are lofty, and their eyelids lifted up
on high.

30:14. A generation that for teeth hath swords, and grindeth with their
jaw teeth, to devour the needy from off the earth, and the poor from
among men.

30:15. The horseleech hath two daughters that say:  Bring, bring.  There
are three things that never are satisfied, and the fourth never saith:
It is enough.

The horseleech. . .Concupiscence, which hath two daughters that are
never satisfied, viz., lust and avarice.

30:16. Hell and the mouth of the womb, and the earth which is not
satisfied with water:  and the fire never saith:  It is enough.

30:17. The eye that mocketh at his father, and that despiseth the
labour of his mother in bearing him, let the ravens of the brooks pick
it out, and the young eagles eat it.

30:18. Three things are hard to me, and the fourth I am utterly
ignorant of.

30:19. The way of an eagle in the air, the way of a serpent upon a
rock, the way of a ship in the midst of the sea, and the way of a man
in youth.

30:20. Such also is the way of an adulterous woman, who eateth and
wipeth her mouth, and saith:  I have done no evil.

30:21. By three things the earth is disturbed, and the fourth it cannot

30:22. By a slave when he reigneth:  by a fool when be is filled with

30:23. By an odious woman when she is married:  and by a bondwoman when
she is heir to her mistress.

30:24. There are four very little things of the earth, and they are
wiser than the wise.

30:25. The ants, a feeble people, which provide themselves food in the

30:26. The rabbit, a weak people, which maketh its bed in the rock:

30:27. The locust hath no king, yet they all go out by their bands:

30:28. The stellio supporteth itself on hands, and dwelleth in kings'

The stellio. . .A kind of house lizard marked with spots like stars,
from whence it has its name.

30:19. There are three things, which go well, and the fourth that
walketh happily:

30:30. A lion, the strongest of beasts, who hath no fear of any thing
he meeteth:

30:31. A cock girded about the loins:  and a ram:  and a king, whom none
can resist.

30:32. There is that hath appeared a fool after he was lifted up on
high:  for if he had understood, he would have laid his hand upon his

30:33. And he that strongly squeezeth the paps to bring out milk,
straineth out butter:  and he that violently bloweth his nose, bringeth
out blood:  and he that provoketh wrath, bringeth forth strife.

Proverbs Chapter 31

An exhortation to chastity, temperance, and works of mercy; with the
praise of a wise woman.

31:1. The words of king Lamuel.  The vision wherewith his mother
instructed him.

Lamuel. . .This name signifies God with him, and is supposed to have
been one of the names of Solomon.

31:2. What, O my beloved, what, O the beloved of my womb, what, O the
beloved of my vows?

31:3. Give not thy substance to women, and thy riches to destroy kings.

31:4. Give not to kings, O Lamuel, give not wine to kings:  because
there is no secret where drunkenness reigneth:

31:5. And lest they drink and forget judgments, and pervert the cause
of the children of the poor.

31:6. Give strong drink to them that are sad; and wine to them that are
grieved in mind:

31:7. Let them drink, and forget their want, and remember their sorrow
no more.

31:8. Open thy mouth for the dumb, and for the causes of all the
children that pass.

31:9. Open thy mouth, decree that which is just, and do justice to the
needy and poor.

31:10. Who shall find a valiant woman?  far, and from the uttermost
coasts is the price of her.

31:11. The heart of her husband trusteth in her, and he shall have no
need of spoils.

31:12. She will render him good, and not evil all the days of her life.

31:13. She hath sought wool and flax, and hath wrought by the counsel
of her hands.

31:14. She is like the merchant's ship, she bringeth her bread from

31:15. And she hath risen in the night, and given a prey to her
household, and victuals to her maidens.

31:16. She hath considered a field, and bought it:  with the fruit of
her hands she hath planted a vineyard.

31:17. She hath girded her loins with strength, and hath strengthened
her arm.

31:18. She hath tasted, and seen that her traffic is good:  her lamp
shall not be put out in the night.

31:19. She hath put out her hand to strong things, and her fingers have
taken hold of the spindle.

31:20. She hath opened her hand to the needy, and stretched out her
hands to the poor.

31:21. She shall not fear for her house in the cold of snow:  for all
her domestics are clothed with double garments.

31:22. She hath made for herself clothing of tapestry:  fine linen, and
purple, is her covering.

31:23. Her husband is honourable in the gates, when he sitteth among
the senators of the land.

31:24. She made fine linen, and sold it, and delivered a girdle to the

The Chanaanite. . .The merchant, for Chanaanite, in Hebrew, signifies a

31:25. Strength and beauty are her clothing, and she shall laugh in the
latter day.

31:26. She hath opened her mouth to wisdom, and the law of clemency is
on her tongue.

31:27. She hath looked well on the paths of her house, and hath not
eaten her bread idle.

31:28. Her children rose up, and called her blessed:  her husband, and
he praised her.

31:29. Many daughters have gathered together riches:  thou hast
surpassed them all.

31:30. Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain:  the woman that feareth
the Lord, she shall be praised.

31:31. Give her of the fruit of her hands:  and let her works praise her
in the gates.


This Book is called Ecclesiastes, or The Preacher, (in Hebrew,
Coheleth,) because in it, Solomon, as an excellent preacher, setteth
forth the vanity of the things of this world:  to withdraw the hearts
and affections of men from such empty toys.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 1

The vanity of all temporal things.

1:1. The words of Ecclesiastes, the son of David, king of Jerusalem.

1:2. Vanity of vanities, said Ecclesiastes:  vanity of vanities, and all
is vanity.

1:3. What hath a man more of all his labour, that he taketh under the

1:4. One generation passeth away, and another generation cometh:  but
the earth standeth for ever.

1:5. The sun riseth, and goeth down, and returneth to his place:  and
there rising again,

1:6. Maketh his round by the south, and turneth again to the north:  the
spirit goeth forward surveying all places round about, and returneth to
his circuits.

1:7. All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea doth not overflow:
unto the place from whence the rivers come, they return, to flow again.

1:8. All things are hard:  man cannot explain them by word.  The eye is
not filled with seeing, neither is the ear filled with hearing.

1:9. What is it that hath been?  the same thing that shall be.  What is
it that hath been done?  the same that shall be done.

1:10. Nothing under the sun is new, neither is any man able to say:
Behold this is new:  for it hath already gone before in the ages that
were before us.

1:11. There is no remembrance of former things:  nor indeed of those
things which hereafter are to come, shall there be any remembrance with
them that shall be in the latter end.

1:12. I Ecclesiastes was king over Israel in Jerusalem,

1:13. And I proposed in my mind to seek and search out wisely
concerning all things that are done under the sun.  This painful
occupation hath God given to the children of men, to be exercised

1:14. I have seen all things that are done under the sun, and behold
all is vanity, and vexation of spirit.

1:15. The perverse are hard to be corrected, and the number of fools is

1:16. I have spoken in my heart, saying:  Behold I am become great, and
have gone beyond all in wisdom, that were before me in Jerusalem:  and
my mind hath contemplated many things wisely, and I have learned.

1:17. And I have given my heart to know prudence, and learning, and
errors, and folly:  and I have perceived that in these also there was
labour, and vexation of spirit,

1:18. Because in much wisdom there is much indignation:  and he that
addeth knowledge, addeth also labour.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 2

The vanity of pleasures, riches, and worldly labours.

2:1. I said in my heart:  I will go, and abound with delights, and enjoy
good things.  And I saw that this also was vanity.

2:2. Laughter I counted error:  and to mirth I said:  Why art thou vainly

2:3. I thought in my heart, to withdraw my flesh from wine, that I
might turn my mind to wisdom, and might avoid folly, till I might see
what was profitable for the children of men:  and what they ought to do
under the sun, all the days of their life.

2:4. I made me great works, I built me houses, and planted vineyards,

2:5. I made gardens, and orchards, and set them with trees of all

2:6. And I made me ponds of water, to water therewith the wood of the
young trees,

2:7. I got me menservants, and maidservants, and had a great family:
and herds of oxen, and great flocks of sheep, above all that were
before me in Jerusalem:

2:8. I heaped together for myself silver and gold, and the wealth of
kings, and provinces:  I made me singing men, and singing women, and the
delights of the sons of men, cups and vessels to serve to pour out

2:9. And I surpassed in riches all that were before me in Jerusalem:  my
wisdom also remained with me.

2:10. And whatsoever my eyes desired, I refused them not:  and I
withheld not my heart from enjoying every pleasure, and delighting
itself in the things which I had prepared:  and esteemed this my
portion, to make use of my own labour.

2:11. And when I turned myself to all the works which my hands had
wrought, and to the labours wherein I had laboured in vain, I saw in
all things vanity, and vexation of mind, and that nothing was lasting
under the sun.

2:12. I passed further to behold wisdom, and errors and folly, (What is
man, said I that he can follow the King his maker?)

2:13. And I saw that wisdom excelled folly, as much as light differeth
from darkness.

2:14. The eyes of a wise man are in his head:  the fool walketh in
darkness:  and I learned that they were to die both alike.

2:15. And I said in my heart:  If the death of the fool and mine shall
be one, what doth it avail me, that I have applied myself more to the
study of wisdom?  And speaking with my own mind, I perceived that this
also was vanity.

2:16. For there shall be no remembrance of the wise no more than of the
fool forever, and the times to come shall cover all things together
with oblivion:  the learned dieth in like manner as the unlearned.

2:17. And therefore I was weary of my life, when I saw that all things
under the sun are evil, and all vanity and vexation of spirit.

2:18. Again I hated all my application wherewith I had earnestly
laboured under the sun, being like to have an heir after me,

2:19. Whom I know not whether he will be a wise man or a fool, and he
shall have rule over all my labours with which I have laboured and been
solicitous:  and is there anything so vain?

2:20. Wherefore I left off and my heart renounced labouring anymore
under the sun.

2:21. For when a man laboureth in wisdom, and knowledge, and
carefulness, he leaveth what he hath gotten to an idle man:  so this
also is vanity, and a great evil.

2:22. For what profit shall a man have of all his labour, and vexation
of spirit, with which he hath been tormented under the sun?

2:23. All his days are full of sorrows and miseries, even in the night
he doth not rest in mind:  and is not this vanity?

2:24. Is it not better to eat and drink, and to shew his soul good
things of his labours?  and this is from the hand of God.

2:25. Who shall so feast and abound with delights as I?

2:26. God hath given to a man that is good in his sight, wisdom, and
knowledge, and joy:  but to the sinner he hath given vexation, and
superfluous care, to heap up and to gather together, and to give it to
him that hath pleased God:  but this also is vanity, and a fruitless
solicitude of the mind.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 3

All human things are liable to perpetual changes.  We are to rest on
God's providence, and cast away fruitless cares.

3:1. All things have their season, and in their times all things pass
under heaven.

3:2. A time to be born and a time to die.  A time to plant, and a time
to pluck up that which is planted.

3:3. A time to kill, and a time to heal.  A time to destroy, and a time
to build.

3:4. A time to weep, and a time to laugh.  A time to mourn, and a time
to dance.

3:5. A time to scatter stones, and a time to gather.  A time to embrace,
and a time to be far from embraces.

3:6. A time to get, and a time to lose.  A time to keep, and a time to
cast away.

3:7. A time to rend, and a time to sew.  A time to keep silence, and a
time to speak.

3:8. A time of love, and a time of hatred.  A time of war, and a time of

3:9. What hath man more of his labour?

3:10. I have seen the trouble, which God hath given the sons of men to
be exercised in it.

3:11. He hath made all things good in their time, and hath delivered
the world to their consideration, so that man cannot find out the work
which God hath made from the beginning to the end.

3:12. And I have known that there was no better thing than to rejoice,
and to do well in this life.

3:13. For every man that eateth and drinketh, and seeth good of his
labour, this is the gift of God.

3:14. I have learned that all the works which God hath made, continue
for ever:  we cannot add any thing, nor take away from those things
which God hath made that he may be feared.

3:15. That which hath been made, the same continueth:  the things that
shall be, have already been:  and God restoreth that which is past.

3:16. I saw under the sun in the place of judgment wickedness, and in
the place of justice iniquity.

3:17. And I said in my heart:  God shall judge both the just and the
wicked, and then shall be the time of every thing.

3:18. I said in my heart concerning the sons of men, that God would
prove them, and shew them to be like beasts.

3:19. Therefore the death of man, and of beasts is one, and the
condition of them both is equal:  as man dieth, so they also die:  all
things breathe alike, and man hath nothing more than beast:  all things
are subject to vanity.

Man hath nothing more, etc. . .Viz., as to the life of the body.

3:20. And all things go to one place:  of earth they were made, and into
earth they return together.

3:21. Who knoweth if the spirit of the children of Adam ascend upward,
and if the spirit of the beasts descend downward?

Who knoweth, etc. . .Viz., experimentally:  since no one in this life can
see a spirit.  But as to the spirit of the beasts, which is merely
animal, and become extinct by the death of the beast, who can tell the
manner it acts so as to give life and motion, and by death to descend
downward, that is, to be no more?

3:22. And I have found that nothing is better than for a man to rejoice
in his work, and that this is his portion.  For who shall bring him to
know the things that shall be after him?

Ecclesiastes Chapter 4

Other instances of human miseries.

4:1. I turned myself to other things, and I saw the oppressions that
are done under the sun, and the tears of the innocent, and they had no
comforter; and they were not able to resist their violence, being
destitute of help from any.

4:2. And I praised the dead rather than the living:

4:3. And I judged him happier than them both, that is not yet born, nor
hath seen the evils that are done under the sun.

4:4. Again I considered all the labours of men, and I remarked that
their industries are exposed to the envy of their neighbour:  so in this
also there is vanity, and fruitless care.

4:5. The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh,

4:6. Better is a handful with rest, than both hands full with labour,
and vexation of mind.

4:7. Considering I found also another vanity under the sun:

4:8. There is but one, and he hath not a second, no child, no brother,
and yet he ceaseth not to labour, neither are his eyes satisfied with
riches, neither doth he reflect, saying:  For whom do I labour, and
defraud my soul of good things?  in this also is vanity, and a grievous

4:9. It is better therefore that two should be together, than one:  for
they have the advantage of their society:

4:10. If one fall he shall be supported by the other:  woe to him that
is alone, for when he falleth, he hath none to lift him up.

4:11. And if two lie together, they shall warm one another:  how shall
one alone be warmed?

4:12. And if a man prevail against one, two shall withstand him:  a
threefold cord is not easily broken.

4:13. Better is a child that is poor and wise, than a king that is old
and foolish, who knoweth not to foresee for hereafter.

4:14. Because out of prison and chains sometimes a man cometh forth to
a kingdom:  and another born king is consumed with poverty.

4:15. I saw all men living, that walk under the sun with the second
young man, who shall rise up in his place.

4:16. The number of the people, of all that were before him is
infinite:  and they that shall come afterwards, shall not rejoice in
him:  but this also is vanity, and vexation of spirit.

4:17. Keep thy foot, when thou goest into the house of God, and draw
nigh to hear.  For much better is obedience, than the victims of fools,
who know not what evil they do.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 5

Caution in words.  Vows are to be paid.  Riches are often pernicious:
the moderate use of them is the gift of God.

5:1. Speak not any thing rashly, and let not thy heart be hasty to
utter a word before God.  For God is in heaven, and thou upon earth:
therefore let thy words be few.

5:2. Dreams follow many cares:  and in many words shall be found folly.

5:3. If thou hast vowed any thing to God, defer not to pay it:  for an
unfaithful and foolish promise displeaseth him:  but whatsoever thou
hast vowed, pay it.

5:4. And it is much better not to vow, than after a vow not to perform
the things promised.

5:5. Give not thy mouth to cause thy flesh to sin:  and say not before
the angel:  There is no providence:  lest God be angry at thy words, and
destroy all the works of thy hands.

5:6. Where there are many dreams, there are many vanities, and words
without number:  but do thou fear God.

5:7. If thou shalt see the oppressions of the poor, and violent
judgments, and justice perverted in the province, wonder not at this
matter:  for he that is high hath another higher, and there are others
still higher than these:

5:8. Moreover there is the king that reigneth over all the land subject
to him.

5:9. A covetous man shall not be satisfied with money:  and he that
loveth riches shall reap no fruit from them:  so this also is vanity.

5:10. Where there are great riches, there are also many to eat them.
And what doth it profit the owner, but that he seeth the riches with
his eyes?

5:11. Sleep is sweet to a labouring man, whether he eat little or much:
but the fulness of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.

5:12. There is also another grievous evil, which I have seen under the
sun:  riches kept to the hurt of the owner.

5:13. For they are lost with very great affliction:  he hath begotten a
son, who shall be in extremity of want.

5:14. As he came forth naked from his mother's womb, so shall he
return, and shall take nothing away with him of his labour.

5:15. A most deplorable evil:  as he came, so shall he return.  What then
doth it profit him that he hath laboured for the wind?

5:16. All the days of his life he eateth in darkness, and in many
cares, and in misery, and sorrow.

5:17. This therefore hath seemed good to me, that a man should eat and
drink, and enjoy the fruit of his labour, wherewith he hath laboured
under the sun, all the days of his life, which God hath given him:  and
this is his portion.

5:18. And every man to whom God hath given riches, and substance, and
hath given him power to eat thereof, and to enjoy his portion, and to
rejoice of his labour:  this is the gift of God.

5:19. For he shall not much remember the days of his life, because God
entertaineth his heart with delight.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 6

The misery of the covetous man.

6:1. There is also another evil, which I have seen under the sun, and
that frequent among men:

6:2. A man to whom God hath given riches, and substance, and honour,
and his soul wanteth nothing of all that he desireth:  yet God doth not
give him power to eat thereof, but a stranger shall eat it up.  This is
vanity and a great misery.

6:3. If a man beget a hundred children, and live many years, and attain
to a great age, and his soul make no use of the goods of his substance,
and he be without burial:  of this man I pronounce, that the untimely
born is better than he.

6:4. For he came in vain, and goeth to darkness, and his name shall be
wholly forgotten.

6:5. He hath not seen the sun, nor known the distance of good and evil:

6:6. Although he lived two thousand years, and hath not enjoyed good
things:  do not all make haste to one place?

6:7. All the labour of man is for his mouth, but his soul shall not be

6:8. What hath the wise man more than the fool?  and what the poor man,
but to go thither, where there is life?

6:9. Better it is to see what thou mayst desire, than to desire that
which thou canst not know.  But this also is vanity, and presumption of

6:10. He that shall be, his name is already called:  and it is known,
that he is a man, and cannot contend in judgment with him that is
stronger than himself.

6:11. There are many words that have much vanity in disputing.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 7

Prescriptions against worldly vanities:  mortification, patience, and
seeking wisdom.

7:1. What needeth a man to seek things that are above him, whereas he
knoweth not what is profitable for him in his life, in all the days of
his pilgrimage, and the time that passeth like a shadow?  Or who can
tell him what shall be after him under the sun?

7:2. A good name is better than precious ointments:  and the day of
death than the day of one's birth.

7:3. It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to the house of
feasting:  for in that we are put in mind of the end of all, and the
living thinketh what is to come.

7:4. Anger is better than laughter:  because by the sadness of the
countenance the mind of the offender is corrected.

Anger. . .That is, correction, or just wrath and zeal against evil.

7:5. The heart of the wise is where there is mourning, and the heart of
fools where there is mirth.

7:6. It is better to be rebuked by a wise man, than to be deceived by
the flattery of fools.

7:7. For as the crackling of thorns burning under a pot, so is the
laughter of a fool:  now this also is vanity.

7:8. Oppression troubleth the wise, and shall destroy the strength of
his heart.

7:9. Better is the end of a speech than the beginning.  Better is the
patient man than the presumptuous.

7:10. Be not quickly angry:  for anger resteth in the bosom of a fool.

7:11. Say not:  What thinkest thou is the cause that former times were
better than they are now?  for this manner of question is foolish.

7:12. Wisdom with riches is more profitable, and bringeth more
advantage to them that see the sun.

7:13. For as wisdom is a defence, so money is a defence:  but learning
and wisdom excel in this, that they give life to him that possesseth

7:14. Consider the works of God, that no man can correct whom he hath

7:15. In the good day enjoy good things, and beware beforehand of the
evil day:  for God hath made both the one and the other, that man may
not find against him any just complaint.

7:16. These things also I saw in the days of my vanity:  A just man
perisheth in his justice, and a wicked man liveth a long time in his

7:17. Be not over just:  and be not more wise than is necessary, lest
thou become stupid.

Over just. . .Viz., By an excessive rigour in censuring the ways of God
in bearing with the wicked.

7:18. Be not overmuch wicked:  and be not foolish, lest thou die before
thy time.

Be not overmuch wicked. . .That is, lest by the greatness of your sin
you leave no room for mercy.

7:19. It is good that thou shouldst hold up the just, yea and from him
withdraw not thy hand:  for he that feareth God, neglecteth nothing.

7:20. Wisdom hath strengthened the wise more than ten princes of the

7:21. For there is no just man upon earth, that doth good, and sinneth

7:22. But do not apply thy heart to all words that are spoken:  lest
perhaps thou hear thy servant reviling thee.

7:23. For thy conscience knoweth that thou also hast often spoken evil
of others.

7:24. I have tried all things in wisdom.  I have said:  I will be wise:
and it departed farther from me,

7:25. Much more than it was:  it is a great depth, who shall find it

7:26. I have surveyed all things with my mind, to know, and consider,
and seek out wisdom and reason:  and to know the wickedness of the fool,
and the error of the imprudent:

7:27. And I have found a woman more bitter than death, who is the
hunter's snare, and her heart is a net, and her hands are bands.  He
that pleaseth God shall escape from her:  but he that is a sinner, shall
be caught by her.

7:28. Lo this have I found, said Ecclesiastes, weighing one thing after
another, that I might find out the account,

7:29. Which yet my soul seeketh, and I have not found it.  One man among
a thousand I have found, a woman among them all I have not found.

7:30. Only this I have found, that God made man right, and he hath
entangled himself with an infinity of questions.  Who is as the wise
man?  and who hath known the resolution of the word?

Of the word. . .That is, of this obscure and difficult matter.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 8

True wisdom is to observe God's commandments.  The ways of God are

8:1. The wisdom of a man shineth in his countenance, and the most
mighty will change his face.

8:2. I observe the mouth of the king, and the commandments of the oath
of God.

8:3. Be not hasty to depart from his face, and do not continue in an
evil work:  for he will do all that pleaseth him:

8:4. And his word is full of power:  neither can any man say to him:  Why
dost thou so?

8:5. He that keepeth the commandment, shall find no evil.  The heart of
a wiser man understandeth time and answer.

8:6. There is a time and opportunity for every business, and great
affliction for man:

8:7. Because he is ignorant of things past, and things to come he
cannot know by any messenger.

8:8. It is not in man's power to stop the spirit, neither hath he power
in the day of death, neither is he suffered to rest when war is at
hand, neither shall wickedness save the wicked.

8:9. All these things I have considered, and applied my heart to all
the works that are done under the sun.  Sometimes one man ruleth over
another to his own hurt.

8:10. I saw the wicked buried:  who also when they were yet living were
in the holy place, and were praised in the city as men of just works:
but this also is vanity.

8:11. For because sentence is not speedily pronounced against the evil,
the children of men commit evils without any fear.

8:12. But though a sinner do evil a hundred times, and by patience be
borne withal, I know from thence that it shall be well with them that
fear God, who dread his face.

8:13. But let it not be well with the wicked, neither let his days be
prolonged, but as a shadow let them pass away that fear not the face of
the Lord.

8:14. There is also another vanity, which is done upon the earth.  There
are just men to whom evils happen, as though they had done the works of
the wicked:  and there are wicked men, who are as secure as though they
had the deeds of the just:  but this also I judge most vain.

8:15. Therefore I commended mirth, because there was no good for a man
under the sun, but to eat, and drink, and be merry, and that he should
take nothing else with him of his labour in the days of his life, which
God hath given him under the sun.

No good for a man, etc. . .Some commentators think the wise man here
speaks in the person of the libertine:  representing the objections of
these men against divine providence, and the inferences they draw from
thence, which he takes care afterwards to refute.  But it may also be
said, that his meaning is to commend the moderate use of the goods of
this world, preferably to the cares and solicitudes of worldlings,
their attachment to vanity and curiosity, and presumptuously diving
into the unsearchable ways of divine providence.

8:16. And I applied my heart to know wisdom, and to understand the
distraction that is upon earth:  for there are some that day and night
take no sleep with their eyes.

8:17. And I understood that man can find no reason of all those works
of God that are done under the sun:  and the more he shall labour to
seek, so much the less shall he find:  yea, though the wise man shall
say, that he knoweth it, he shall not be able to find it.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 9

Man knows not certainty that he is in God's grace.  After death no more
work or merit.

9:1. All these things have I considered in my heart, that I might
carefully understand them:  there are just men and wise men, and their
works are in the hand of God:  and yet man knoweth not whether he be
worthy of love, or hatred:

9:2. But all things are kept uncertain for the time to come, because
all things equally happen to the just and to the wicked, to the good
and to the evil, to the clean and to the unclean, to him that offereth
victims, and to him that despiseth sacrifices.  As the good is, so also
is the sinner:  as the perjured, so he also that sweareth truth.

9:3. This is a very great evil among all things that are done under the
sun, that the same things happen to all men:  whereby also the hearts of
the children of men are filled with evil, and with contempt while they
live, and afterwards they shall be brought down to hell.

9:4. There is no man that liveth always, or that hopeth for this:  a
living dog is better than a dead lion.

9:5. For the living know that they shall die, but the dead know nothing
more, neither have they a reward any more:  for the memory of them is

Know nothing more. . .Viz., as to the transactions of this world, in
which they have now no part, unless it be revealed to them; neither
have they any knowledge or power now of doing any thing to secure their
eternal state, (if they have not taken care of it in their lifetime:)
nor can they now procure themselves any good, as the living always may
do, by the grace of God.

9:6. Their love also, and their hatred, and their envy are all
perished, neither have they any part in this world, and in the work
that is done under the sun.

9:7. Go then, and eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with
gladness:  because thy works please God.

9:8. At all times let thy garments be white, and let not oil depart
from thy head.

9:9. Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest, all the days of thy
unsteady life, which are given to thee under the sun, all the time of
thy vanity:  for this is thy portion in life, and in thy labour
wherewith thou labourest under the sun.

9:10. Whatsoever thy hand is able to do, do it earnestly:  for neither
work, nor reason, nor wisdom, nor knowledge shall be in hell, whither
thou art hastening.

9:11. I turned me to another thing, and I saw that under the sun, the
race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong, nor bread to
the wise, nor riches to the learned, nor favour to the skilful:  but
time and chance in all.

9:12. Man knoweth not his own end:  but as fishes are taken with the
hook, and as birds are caught with the snare, so men are taken in the
evil time, when it shall suddenly come upon them.

9:13. This wisdom also I have seen under the sun, and it seemed to me
to be very great:

9:14. A little city, and few men in it:  there came against it a great
king, and invested it, and built bulwarks round about it, and the siege
was perfect.

9:15. Now there was found in it a man poor and wise, and he delivered
the city by his wisdom, and no man afterward remembered that poor man.

9:16. And I said that wisdom is better than strength:  how then is the
wisdom of the poor man slighted, and his words not heard?

9:17. The words of the wise are heard in silence, more than the cry of
a prince among fools.

9:18. Better is wisdom, than weapons of war:  and he that shall offend
in one, shall lose many good things.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 10

Observations on wisdom and folly, ambition and detraction.

10:1. Dying flies spoil the sweetness of the ointment.  Wisdom and glory
is more precious than a small and shortlived folly.

10:2. The heart of a wise man is in his right hand, and the heart of a
fool is in his left hand.

10:3. Yea, and the fool when he walketh in the way, whereas he himself
is a fool, esteemeth all men fools.

10:4. If the spirit of him that hath power, ascend upon thee, leave not
thy place:  because care will make the greatest sins to cease.

10:5. There is an evil that I have seen under the sun, as it were by an
error proceeding from the face of the prince:

10:6. A fool set in high dignity, and the rich sitting beneath.

10:7. I have seen servants upon horses:  and princes walking on the
ground as servants.

10:8. He that diggeth a pit, shall fall into it:  and he that breaketh a
hedge, a serpent shall bite him.

10:9. He that removeth stones, shall be hurt by them:  and he that
cutteth trees, shall be wounded by them.

10:10. If the iron be blunt, and be not as before, but be made blunt,
with much labour it shall be sharpened:  and after industry shall follow

10:11. If a serpent bite in silence, he is nothing better that
backbiteth secretly.

10:12. The words of the mouth of a wise man are grace:  but the lips of
a fool shall throw him down headlong.

10:13. The beginning of his words is folly, and the end of his talk is
a mischievous error.

10:14. A fool multiplieth words.  A man cannot tell what hath been
before him:  and what shall be after him, who can tell him?

10:15. The labour of fools shall afflict them that know not how to go
to the city.

10:16. Woe to thee, O land, when thy king is a child, and when the
princes eat in the morning.

10:17. Blessed is the land, whose king is noble, and whose princes eat
in due season for refreshment, and not for riotousness.

10:18. By slothfulness a building shall be brought down, and through
the weakness of hands, the house shall drop through.

10:19. For laughter they make bread, and wine that the living may
feast:  and all things obey money.

10:20. Detract not the king, no not in thy thought; and speak not evil
of the rich man in thy private chamber:  because even the birds of the
air will carry thy voice, and he that hath wings will tell what thou
hast said.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 11

Exhortation to works of mercy, while we have time, to diligence in
good, and to the remembrance of death and judgment.

11:1. Cast thy bread upon the running waters:  for after a long time
thou shalt find it again.

11:2. Give a portion to seven, and also to eight:  for thou knowest not
what evil shall be upon the earth.

11:3. If the clouds be full, they will pour out rain upon the earth.  If
the tree fall to the south, or to the north, in what place soever it
shall fall, there shall it be.

If the tree fall, etc. . .The state of the soul is unchangeable when
once she comes to heaven or hell:  and a soul that departs this life in
the state of grace, shall never fall from grace:  as on the other side,
a soul that dies out of the state of grace, shall never come to it.  But
this does not exclude a place of temporal punishments for such souls as
die in the state of grace:  yet not so as to be entirely pure:  and
therefore they shall be saved, indeed, yet so as by fire.  1 Cor. 3.13,
14, 15.

11:4. He that observeth the wind, shall not sow:  and he that
considereth the clouds, shall never reap.

11:5. As thou knowest not what is the way of the spirit, nor how the
bones are joined together in the womb of her that is with child:  so
thou knowest not the works of God, who is the maker of all.

11:6. In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening let not thy hand
cease:  for thou knowest not which may rather spring up, this or that:
and if both together, it shall be the better.

11:7. The light is sweet, and it is delightful for the eyes to see the

11:8. If a man live many years, and have rejoiced in them all, he must
remember the darksome time, and the many days:  which when they shall
come, the things past shall be accused of vanity.

11:9. Rejoice therefore, O young man, in thy youth, and let thy heart
be in that which is good in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways
of thy heart, and in the sight of thy eyes:  and know that for all these
God will bring thee into judgment.

11:10. Remove anger from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh.
For youth and pleasure are vain.

Ecclesiastes Chapter 12

The Creator is to be remembered in the days of our youth:  all worldly
things are vain:  we should fear God and keep his commandments.

12:1. Remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth, before the time of
affliction come, and the years draw nigh of which thou shalt say:  They
please me not:

12:2. Before the sun, and the light, and the moon, and the stars be
darkened, and the clouds return after the rain:

Before the sun, etc. . .That is, before old age:  the effects of which
upon all the senses and faculties are described in the following
verses, under a variety of figures.

12:3. When the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men
shall stagger, and the grinders shall be idle in a small number, and
they that look through the holes shall be darkened:

12:4. And they shall shut the doors in the street, when the grinder's
voice shall be low, and they shall rise up at the voice of the bird,
and all the daughters of music shall grow deaf.

12:5. And they shall fear high things, and they shall be afraid in the
way, the almond tree shall flourish, the locust shall be made fat, and
the caper tree shall be destroyed:  because man shall go into the house
of his eternity, and the mourners shall go round about in the street.

12:6. Before the silver cord be broken, and the golden fillet shrink
back, and the pitcher be crushed at the fountain, and the wheel be
broken upon the cistern,

12:7. And the dust return into its earth, from whence it was, and the
spirit return to God, who gave it.

12:8. Vanity of vanities, said Ecclesiastes, and all things are vanity.

12:9. And whereas Ecclesiastes was very wise, he taught the people, and
declared the things that he had done:  and seeking out, he set forth
many parables.

12:10. He sought profitable words, and wrote words most right, and full
of truth.

12:11. The words of the wise are as goads, and as nails deeply fastened
in, which by the counsel of masters are given from one shepherd.

12:12. More than these, my son, require not.  Of making many books there
is no end:  and much study is an affliction of the flesh.

12:13. Let us all hear together the conclusion of the discourse.  Fear
God, and keep his commandments:  for this is all man:

All man. . .The whole business and duty of man.

12:14. And all things that are done, God will bring into judgment for
every error, whether it be good or evil.

Error. . .Or, hidden and secret thing.


This Book is called the Canticle of Canticles, that is to say, the most
excellent of all canticles:  because it is full of high mysteries,
relating to the happy union of Christ and his spouse:  which is here
begun by love; and is to be eternal in heaven.  The spouse of Christ is
the church:  more especially as to the happiest part of it, viz.,
perfect souls, every one of which is his beloved, but, above all
others, the immaculate and ever blessed virgin mother.

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 1

The spouse aspires to an union with Christ, their mutual love for one

1:1. Let him kiss me with the kiss of his mouth:  for thy breasts are
better than wine,

Let him kiss me. . .The church, the spouse of Christ, prays that he may
love and have peace with her, which the spouse prefers to every thing
delicious:  and therefore expresses (ver. 2) that young maidens, that is
the souls of the faithful, have loved thee.

1:2. Smelling sweet of the best ointments.  Thy name is as oil poured
out:  therefore young maidens have loved thee.

1:3. Draw me:  we will run after thee to the odour of thy ointments.  The
king hath brought me into his storerooms:  we will be glad and rejoice
in thee, remembering thy breasts more than wine:  the rightous love

Draw me. . .That is, with thy grace:  otherwise I should not be able to
come to thee.  This metaphor shews that we cannot of ourselves come to
Christ our Lord, unless he draws us by his grace, which is laid up in
his storerooms:  that is, in the mysteries of Faith, which God in his
goodness and love for mankind hath revealed, first by his servant Moses
in the Old Law in figure only, and afterwards in reality by his only
begotten Son Jesus Christ.

1:4. I am black but beautiful, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the
tents of Cedar, as the curtains of Solomon.

I am black but beautiful. . .That is, the church of Christ founded in
humility appearing outwardly afflicted, and as it were black and
contemptible; but inwardly, that is, in its doctrine and morality, fair
and beautiful.

1:5. Do not consider me that I am brown, because the sun hath altered
my colour:  the sons of my mother have fought against me, they have made
me the keeper in the vineyards:  my vineyard I have not kept.

1:6. Shew me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where
thou liest in the midday, lest I begin to wander after the flocks of
thy companions.

1:7. If thou know not thyself, O fairest among women, go forth, and
follow after the steps of the flocks, and feed thy kids beside the
tents of the shepherds.

If thou know not thyself, etc. . .Christ encourages his spouse to follow
and watch her flock:  and though she know not entirely the power at hand
to assist her, he tells her, ver. 8, my company of horsemen, that is,
his angels, are always watching and protecting her.  And in the
following verses he reminds her of the virtues and gifts with which he
has endowed her.

1:8. To my company of horsemen, in Pharao's chariots, have I likened
thee, O my love.

1:9. Thy cheeks are beautiful as the turtledove's, thy neck as jewels.

1:10. We will make thee chains of gold, inlaid with silver.

1:11. While the king was at his repose, my spikenard sent forth the
odour thereof.

1:12. A bundle of myrrh is my beloved to me, he shall abide between my

1:13. A cluster of cypress my love is to me, in the vineyards of

1:14. Behold thou are fair, O my love, behold thou are fair, thy eyes
are as those of doves.

1:15. Behold thou art fair, my beloved, and comely.  Our bed is

1:16. The beams of our houses are of cedar, our rafters of cypress

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 2

Christ caresses his spouse:  he invites her to him.

2:1. I am the flower of the field, and the lily of the valleys.

I am the flower of the field. . .Christ professes himself the flower of
mankind, yea, the Lord of all creatures:  and, ver. 2, declares the
excellence of his spouse, the true church above all other societies,
which are to be considered as thorns.

2:2. As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters.

2:3. As the apple tree among the trees of the woods, so is my beloved
among the sons.  I sat down under his shadow, whom I desired:  and his
fruit was sweet to my palate.

2:4. He brought me into the cellar of wine, he set in order charity in

2:5. Stay me up with flowers, compass me about with apples:  because I
languish with love.

2:6. His left hand is under my head, and his right hand shall embrace

2:7. I adjure you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and the
harts of the field, that you stir not up, nor make the beloved to
awake, till she please.

2:8. The voice of my beloved, behold he cometh leaping upon the
mountains, skipping over the hills.

The voice of my beloved:  that is, the preaching of the gospel
surmounting difficulties figuratively here expressed by mountains and
little hills.

2:9. My beloved is like a roe, or a young hart.  Behold he standeth
behind our wall, looking through the windows, looking through the

2:10. Behold my beloved speaketh to me:  Arise, make haste, my love, my
dove, my beautiful one, and come.

2:11. For winter is now past, the rain is over and gone.

2:12. The flowers have appeared in our land, the time of pruning is
come:  the voice of the turtle is heard in our land:

2:13. The fig tree hath put forth her green figs:  the vines in flower
yield their sweet smell.  Arise, my love, my beautiful one, and come:

2:14. My dove in the clefts of the rock, in the hollow places of the
wall, shew me thy face, let thy voice sound in my ears:  for thy voice
is sweet, and thy face comely.

2:15. Catch us the little foxes that destroy the vines:  for our
vineyard hath flourished.

Catch us the little foxes. . .Christ commands his pastors to catch false
teachers, by holding forth their fallacy and erroneous doctrine, which
like foxes would bite and destroy the vines.

2:16. My beloved to me, and I to him who feedeth among the lilies,

2:17. Till the day break, and the shadows retire.  Return:  be like, my
beloved, to a roe, or to a young hart upon the mountains of Bether.

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 3

The spouse seeks Christ.  The glory of his humanity.

3:1. In my bed by night I sought him whom my soul loveth:  I sought him,
and found him not.

In my bed by night, etc. . .The Gentiles as in the dark, and seeking in
heathen delusion what they could not find, the true God, until Christ
revealed his doctrine to them by his watchmen, (ver. 3,) that is, by
the apostles, and teachers by whom they were converted to the true
faith; and holding that faith firmly, the spouse (the Catholic Church)
declares, ver. 4, That she will not let him go, till she bring him into
her mother's house, etc., that is, till at last, the Jews also shall
find him.

3:2. I will rise, and will go about the city:  in the streets and the
broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth:  I sought him, and I
found him not.

3:3. The watchmen who keep the city, found me:  Have you seen him, whom
my soul loveth?

3:4. When I had a little passed by them, I found him whom my soul
loveth:  I held him:  and I will not let him go, till I bring him into my
mother's house, and into the chamber of her that bore me.

3:5. I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes and the harts
of the fields, that you stir not up, nor awake my beloved, till she

3:6. Who is she that goeth up by the desert, as a pillar of smoke of
aromatical spices, of myrrh, and frankincense, and of all the powders
of the perfumer?

3:7. Behold threescore valiant ones of the most valiant of Israel,
surrounded the bed of Solomon?

3:8. All holding swords, and most expert in war:  every man's sword upon
his thigh, because of fears in the night.

3:9. King Solomon hath made him a litter of the wood of Libanus:

3:10. The pillars thereof he made of silver, the seat of gold, the
going up of purple:  the midst he covered with charity for the daughters
of Jerusalem.

3:11. Go forth, ye daughters of Sion, and see king Solomon in the
diadem, wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of the joy of his

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 4

Christ sets forth the graces of his spouse:  and declares his love for

4:1. How beautiful art thou, my love, how beautiful art thou! thy eyes
are doves' eyes, besides what is hid within.  Thy hair is as flocks of
goats, which come up from mount Galaad.

How beautiful art thou. . .Christ again praises the beauties of his
church, which through the whole of this chapter are exemplified by a
variety of metaphors, setting forth her purity, her simplicity, and her

4:2. Thy teeth as flocks of sheep, that are shorn, which come up from
the washing, all with twins, and there is none barren among them.

4:3. Thy lips are as a scarlet lace:  and thy speech sweet.  Thy cheeks
are as a piece of a pomegranate, besides that which lieth hid within.

4:4. Thy neck, is as the tower of David, which is built with bulwarks:
a thousand bucklers hang upon it, all the armour of valiant men.

4:5. Thy two breasts like two young roes that are twins, which feed
among the lilies.

Thy two breasts, etc. . .Mystically to be understood:  the love of God
and the love of our neighbour, which are so united as twins which feed
among the lilies:  that is, the love of God and our neighbour, feeds on
the divine mysteries and the holy sacraments, left by Christ to his
spouse to feed and nourish her children.

4:6. Till the day break, and the shadows retire, I will go to the
mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense.

4:7. Thou art all fair, O my love, and there is not a spot in thee.

4:8. Come from Libanus, my spouse, come from Libanus, come:  thou shalt
be crowned from the top of Amana, from the top of Sanir and Hermon,
from the dens of the lions, from the mountains of the leopards.

4:9. Thou hast wounded my heart, my sister, my spouse, thou hast
wounded my heart with one of thy eyes, and with one hair of thy neck.

4:10. How beautiful are thy breasts, my sister, my spouse! thy breasts
are more beautiful than wine, and the sweet smell of thy ointments
above all aromatical spices.

4:11. Thy lips, my spouse, are as a dropping honeycomb, honey and milk
are under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments, as the smell of

4:12. My sister, my spouse, is a garden enclosed, a garden enclosed, a
fountain sealed up.

My sister, etc., a garden enclosed. . .Figuratively the church is
enclosed, containing only the faithful.  A fountain sealed up. . .That
none can drink of its waters, that is, the graces and spiritual
benefits of the holy sacraments, but those who are within its walls.

4:13. Thy plants are a paradise of pomegranates with the fruits of the
orchard.  Cypress with spikenard.

4:14. Spikenard and saffron, sweet cane and cinnamon, with all the
trees of Libanus, myrrh and aloes with all the chief perfumes.

4:15. The fountain of gardens:  the well of living waters, which run
with a strong stream from Libanus.

4:16. Arise, O north wind, and come, O south wind, blow through my
garden, and let the aromatical spices thereof flow.

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 5

Christ calls his spouse:  she languishes with love:  and describes him by
his graces.

5:1. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat the fruit of his
apple trees.  I am come into my garden, O my sister, my spouse, I have
gathered my myrrh, with my aromatical spices:  I have eaten the
honeycomb with my honey, I have drunk my wine with my milk:  eat, O
friends, and drink, and be inebriated, my dearly beloved.

Let my beloved come into his garden, etc. . .Garden, mystically the
church of Christ, abounding with fruit, that is, the good works of the

5:2. I sleep, and my heart watcheth:  the voice of my beloved knocking:
Open to me, my sister, my love, my dove, my undefiled:  for my head is
full of dew, and my locks of the drops of the nights.

5:3. I have put off my garment, how shall I put it on?  I have washed my
feet, how shall I defile them?

5:4. My beloved put his hand through the key hole, and my bowels were
moved at his touch.

My beloved put his hand through the key hole, etc. . .The spouse of
Christ, his church, at times as it were penned up by its persecutors,
and in fears, expecting the divine assistance, here signified by his
hand:  and ver. 6, but he had turned aside and was gone, that is, Christ
permitting a further trial of suffering:  and again, ver. 7, the
keepers, etc., signifying the violent and cruel persecutors of the
church taking her veil, despoiling the church of its places of worship
and ornaments for the divine service.

5:5. I arose up to open to my beloved:  my hands dropped with myrrh, and
my fingers were full of the choicest myrrh.

5:6. I opened the bolt of my door to my beloved:  but he had turned
aside, and was gone.  My soul melted when he spoke:  I sought him, and
found him not:  I called, and he did not answer me.

5:7. The keepers that go about the city found me:  they struck me:  and
wounded me:  the keepers of the walls took away my veil from me.

5:8. I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if you find my beloved,
that you tell him that I languish with love.

5:9. What manner of one is thy beloved of the beloved, O thou most
beautiful among women?  what manner of one is thy beloved of the
beloved, that thou hast so adjured us?

5:10. My beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out of thousands.

My beloved, etc. . .In this and the following verses, the church
mystically describes Christ to those who know him not, that is, to
infidels in order to convert them to the true faith.

5:11. His head is as the finest gold:  his locks as branches of palm
trees, black as a raven.

5:12. His eyes as doves upon brooks of waters, which are washed with
milk, and sit beside the plentiful streams.

5:13. His cheeks are as beds of aromatical spices set by the perfumers.
His lips are as lilies dropping choice myrrh.

5:14. His hands are turned and as of gold, full of hyacinths.  His belly
as of ivory, set with sapphires.

5:15. His legs as pillars of marble, that are set upon bases of gold.
His form as of Libanus, excellent as the cedars.

5:16. His throat most sweet, and he is all lovely:  such is my beloved,
and he is my friend, O ye daughters of Jerusalem.

5:17. Whither is thy beloved gone, O thou most beautiful among women?
whither is thy beloved turned aside, and we will seek him with thee?

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 6

The spouse of Christ is but one:  she is fair and terrible.

6:1. My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the bed of aromatical
spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.

My beloved is gone down into his garden. . .Christ, pleased with the
good works of his holy and devout servants labouring in his garden, is
always present with them:  but the words is gone down, are to be
understood, that after trying his Church by permitting persecution, he
comes to her assistance and she rejoices at his coming.

6:2. I to my beloved, and my beloved to me, who feedeth among the

6:3. Thou art beautiful, O my love, sweet and comely as Jerusalem
terrible as an army set in array.

6:4. Turn away thy eyes from me, for they have made me flee away.  Thy
hair is as a flock of goats, that appear from Galaad.

6:5. Thy teeth as a flock of sheep, which come up from the washing, all
with twins, and there is none barren among them.

6:6. Thy cheeks are as the bark of a pomegranate, beside what is hidden
within thee.

6:7. There are threescore queens, and fourscore concubines, and young
maidens without number.

6:8. One is my dove, my perfect one is but one, she is the only one of
her mother, the chosen of her that bore her.  The daughters saw her, and
declared her most blessed:  the queens and concubines, and they praised

One is my dove, etc. . .That is, my church is one, and she only is
perfect and blessed.

6:9. Who is she that cometh forth as the morning rising, fair as the
moon, bright as the sun, terrible as an army set in array?

Who is she, etc. . .Here is a beautiful metaphor describing the church
from the beginning.  As, the morning rising, signifying the church
before the written law; fair as the moon, shewing her under the light
of the gospel:  and terrible as an army, the power of Christ's church
against its enemies.

6:10. I went down into the garden of nuts, to see the fruits of the
valleys, and to look if the vineyard had flourished, and the
pomegranates budded.

6:11. I knew not:  my soul troubled me for the chariots of Aminadab.

6:12. Return, return, O Sulamitess:  return, return that we may behold

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 7

A further description of the graces of the church the spouse of Christ.

7:1. What shalt thou see in the Sulamitess but the companies of camps?
How beautiful are thy steps in shoes, O prince's daughter!  The joints
of thy thighs are like jewels, that are made by the hand of a skilful

How beautiful are thy steps, etc. . .By these metaphors are signified
the power and mission of the church in propagating the true faith.

7:2. Thy navel is like a round bowl never wanting cups.  Thy belly is
like a heap of wheat, set about with lilies.

7:3. Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins.

7:4. Thy neck as a tower of ivory.  Thy eyes like the fishpools in
Hesebon, which are in the gate of the daughter of the multitude.  Thy
nose is as the tower of Libanus, that looketh toward Damascus.

7:5. Thy head is like Carmel:  and the hairs of thy head as the purple
of the king bound in the channels.

Thy head is like Carmel. . .Christ, the invisible head of his church, is
here signified.

7:6. How beautiful art thou, and how comely, my dearest, in delights!

7:7. Thy stature is like to a palm tree, and thy breasts to clusters of

7:8. I said:  I will go up into the palm tree, and will take hold of the
fruit thereof:  and thy breasts shall be as the clusters of the vine:
and the odour of thy mouth like apples.

7:9. Thy throat like the best wine, worthy for my beloved to drink, and
for his lips and his teeth to ruminate.

7:10. I to my beloved, and his turning is towards me.

7:11. Come, my beloved, let us go forth into the field, let us abide in
the villages.

7:12. Let us get up early to the vineyards, let us see if the vineyard
flourish, if the flowers be ready to bring forth fruits, if the
pomegranates flourish:  there will I give thee my breasts.

7:13. The mandrakes give a smell.  In our gates are all fruits:  the new
and the old, my beloved, I have kept for thee.

Canticle of Canticles Chapter 8

The love of the church to Christ:  his love to her.

8:1. Who shall give thee to me for my brother, sucking the breasts of
my mother, that I may find thee without, and kiss thee, and now no man
may despise me?

8:2. I will take hold of thee, and bring thee into my mother's house:
there thou shalt teach me, and I will give thee a cup of spiced wine
and new wine of my pomegranates.

8:3. His left hand under my head, and his right hand shall embrace me.

His left hand, etc. . .Words of the church to Christ.  His left hand,
signifying the Old Testament, and his right hand, the New.

8:4. I adjure you, O daughters of Jerusalem, that you stir not up, nor
awake my love till she please.

8:5. Who is this that cometh up from the desert, flowing with delights,
leaning upon her beloved?  Under the apple tree I raised thee up:  there
thy mother was corrupted, there she was defloured that bore thee.

Who is this, etc. . .The angels with admiration behold the Gentiles
converted to the faith:  coming up from the desert, that is, coming from
heathenism and false worship:  flowing with delights, that is, abounding
with good works which are pleasing to God:  leaning on her beloved, on
the promise of Christ to his Church, that the gates of hell should not
prevail against it; and supported by his grace conferred by the
sacraments.  Under the apple tree I raised thee up; that is, that Christ
redeemed the Gentiles at the foot of the cross, where the synagogue of
the Jews (the mother church) was corrupted by their denying him, and
crucifying him.

8:6. Put me as a seal upon thy heart, as a seal upon thy arm, for love
is strong as death, jealousy as hard as hell, the lamps thereof are
fire and flames.

8:7. Many waters cannot quench charity, neither can the floods drown
it:  if a man should give all the substance of his house for love, he
shall despise it as nothing.

8:8. Our sister is little, and hath no breasts.  What shall we do to our
sister in the day when she is to be spoken to?

Our sister is little, etc. . .Mystically signifies the Jews, who are to
be spoken to:  that is, converted towards the end of the world:  and then
shall become a wall, that is, a part of the building, the church of

8:9. If she be a wall:  let us build upon it bulwarks of silver:  if she
be a door, let us join it together with boards of cedar.

8:10. I am a wall:  and my breasts are as a tower since I am become in
his presence as one finding peace.

8:11. The peaceable had a vineyard, in that which hath people:  he let
out the same to keepers, every man bringeth for the fruit thereof a
thousand pieces of silver.

8:12. My vineyard is before me.  A thousand are for thee, the peaceable,
and two hundred for them that keep the fruit thereof.

8:13. Thou that dwellest in the gardens, the friends hearken:  make me
hear thy voice.

8:14. Flee away, O my beloved, and be like to the roe, and to the young
hart upon the mountains of aromatical spices.


This Book is so called, because it treats of the excellence of WISDOM,
the means to obtain it, and the happy fruits it produces.  It is written
in the person of Solomon, and contains his sentiments.  But it is
uncertain who was the writer.  It abounds with instructions and
exhortations to kings and all magistrates to minister justice in the
commonwealth, teaching all kinds of virtues under the general names of
justice and wisdom.  It contains also many prophecies of Christ's
coming, passion, resurrection, and other Christian mysteries.  The whole
may be divided into three parts.  In the first six chapters, the author
admonishes all superiors to love and exercise justice and wisdom.  In
the next three, he teacheth that wisdom proceedeth only from God, and
is procured by prayer and a good life.  In the other ten chapters, he
sheweth the excellent effects and utility of wisdom and justice.

Wisdom Chapter 1

An exhortation to seek God sincerely, who cannot be deceived, and
desireth not our death.

1:1. Love justice, you that are the judges of the earth.  Think of the
Lord in goodness, and seek him in simplicity of heart:

1:2. For he is found by them that tempt him not:  and he sheweth himself
to them that have faith in him.

1:3. For perverse thoughts separate from God:  and his power, when it is
tried, reproveth the unwise:

1:4. For wisdom will not enter into a malicious soul, nor dwell in a
body subject to sins.

1:5. For the Holy Spirit of discipline will flee from the deceitful,
and will withdraw himself from thoughts that are without understanding,
and he shall not abide when iniquity cometh in.

1:6. For the spirit of wisdom is benevolent, and will not acquit the
evil speaker from his lips:  for God is witness of his reins, and he is
a true searcher of his heart, and a hearer of his tongue.

1:7. For the Spirit of the Lord hath filled the whole world:  and that
which containeth all things, hath knowledge of the voice.

1:8. Therefore he that speaketh unjust things, cannot be hid, neither
shall the chastising judgment pass him by.

1:9. For inquisition shall be made into the thoughts of the ungodly,
and the hearing of his words shall come to God, to the chastising of
his iniquities.

1:10. For the ear of jealousy heareth all things, and the tumult of
murmuring shall not be hid.

1:11. Keep yourselves, therefore, from murmuring, which profiteth
nothing, and refrain your tongue from detraction, for an obscure speech
shall not go for nought:  and the mouth that belieth, killeth the soul.

1:12. Seek not death in the error of your life, neither procure ye
destruction by the works of your hands.

1:13. For God made not death, neither hath he pleasure in the
destruction of the living.

1:14. For he created all things that they might be:  and he made the
nations of the earth for health:  and there is no poison of destruction
in them, nor kingdom of hell upon the earth.

1:15. For justice is perpetual and immortal.

1:16. But the wicked with works and words have called it to them:  and
esteeming it a friend, have fallen away and have made a covenant with
it:  because they are worthy to be of the part thereof.

Wisdom Chapter 2

The vain reasonings of the wicked:  their persecuting the just,
especially the Son of God.

2:1. For they have said, reasoning with themselves, but not right:  The
time of our life is short and tedious, and in the end of a man there is
no remedy, and no man hath been known to have returned from hell:

2:2. For we are born of nothing, and after this we shall be as if we
had not been:  for the breath in our nostrils is smoke:  and speech a
spark to move our heart,

2:3. Which being put out, our body shall be ashes, and our spirit shall
be poured abroad as soft air, and our life shall pass away as the trace
of a cloud, and shall be dispersed as a mist, which is driven away by
the beams of the sun, and overpowered with the heat thereof:

2:4. And our name in time shall be forgotten, and no man shall have any
remembrance of our works.

2:5. For our time is as the passing of a shadow, and there is no going
back of our end:  for it is fast sealed, and no man returneth:

2:6. Come, therefore, and let us enjoy the good things that are
present, and let us speedily use the creatures as in youth.

2:7. Let us fill ourselves with costly wine, and ointments:  and let not
the flower of the time pass by us.

2:8. Let us crown ourselves with roses, before they be withered:  let no
meadow escape our riot.

2:9. Let none of us go without his part in luxury:  let us every where
leave tokens of joy:  for this is our portion, and this our lot.

2:10. Let us oppress the poor just man, and not spare the widow, nor
honour the ancient grey hairs of the aged.

2:11. But let our strength be the law of justice:  for that which is
feeble is found to be nothing worth.

2:12. Let us, therefore, lie in wait for the just, because he is not
for our turn, and he is contrary to our doings, and upbraideth us with
transgressions of the law, and divulgeth against us the sins of our way
of life.

2:13. He boasteth that he hath the knowledge of God, and calleth
himself the son of God.

2:14. He is become a censurer of our thoughts.

2:15. He is grievous unto us, even to behold:  for his life is not like
other men's, and his ways are very different.

2:16. We are esteemed by him as triflers, and he abstaineth from our
ways as from filthiness, and he preferreth the latter end of the just,
and glorieth that he hath God for his father.

2:17. Let us see then if his words be true, and let us prove what shall
happen to him, and we shall know what his end shall be.

2:18. For if he be the true son of God, he will defend him, and will
deliver him from the hands of his enemies.

2:19. Let us examine him by outrages and tortures, that we may know his
meekness, and try his patience.

2:20. Let us condemn him to a most shameful death:  for there shall be
respect had unto him by his words.

2:21. These things they thought, and were deceived:  for their own
malice blinded them.

2:22. And they knew not the secrets of God, nor hoped for the wages of
justice, nor esteemed the honour of holy souls.

2:23. For God created man incorruptible, and to the image of his own
likeness he made him.

2:24. But by the envy of the devil, death came into the world:

2:25. And they follow him that are of his side.

Wisdom Chapter 3

The happiness of the just:  and the unhappiness of the wicked.

3:1. But the souls of the just are in the hand of God, and the torment
of death shall not touch them.

3:2. In the sight of the unwise they seemed to die:  and their departure
was taken for misery:

3:3. And their going away from us, for utter destruction:  but they are
in peace.

3:4. And though in the sight of men they suffered torments, their hope
is full of immortality.

3:5. Afflicted in few things, in many they shall be well rewarded:
because God hath tried them, and found them worthy of himself.

3:6. As gold in the furnace, he hath proved them, and as a victim of a
holocaust, he hath received them, and in time there shall be respect
had to them.

3:7. The just shall shine, and shall run to and fro like sparks among
the reeds.

3:8. They shall judge nations, and rule over people, and their Lord
shall reign for ever.

3:9. They that trust in him shall understand the truth:  and they that
are faithful in love, shall rest in him:  for grace and peace are to his

3:10. But the wicked shall be punished according to their own devices:
who have neglected the just, and have revolted from the Lord.

3:11. For he that rejecteth wisdom, and discipline, is unhappy:  and
their hope is vain, and their labours without fruit, and their works

3:12. Their wives are foolish, and their children wicked.

3:13. Their offspring is cursed, for happy is the barren:  and the
undefiled, that hath not known bed in sin, she shall have fruit in the
visitation of holy souls.

3:14. And the eunuch, that hath not wrought iniquity with his hands,
nor thought wicked things against God for the precious gift of faith
shall be given to him, and a most acceptable lot in the temple of God.

3:15. For the fruit of good labours is glorious, and the root of wisdom
never faileth.

3:16. But the children of adulterers shall not come to perfection, and
the seed of the unlawful bed shall be rooted out.

3:17. And if they live long, they shall be nothing regarded, and their
last old age shall be without honour.

3:18. And if they die quickly, they shall have no hope, nor speech of
comfort in the day of trial.

3:19. For dreadful are the ends of a wicked race.

Wisdom Chapter 4

The difference between the chaste and the adulterous generations:  and
between the death of the just and the wicked.

4:1. How beautiful is the chaste generation with glory:  for the memory
thereof is immortal:  because it is known both with God and with men.

4:2. When it is present, they imitate it:  and they desire it, when it
hath withdrawn itself, and it triumpheth crowned for ever, winning the
reward of undefiled conflicts.

4:3. But the multiplied brood of the wicked shall not thrive, and
bastard slips shall not take deep root, nor any fast foundation.

4:4. And if they flourish in branches for a time, yet standing not
fast, they shall be shaken with the wind, and through the force of
winds they shall be rooted out.

4:5. For the branches not being perfect, shall be broken, and their
fruits shall be unprofitable, and sour to eat, and fit for nothing.

4:6. For the children that are born of unlawful beds, are witnesses of
wickedness against their parents in their trial.

4:7. But the just man, if he be prevented with death, shall be in rest.

4:8. For venerable old age is not that of long time, nor counted by the
number of years:  but the understanding of a man is grey hairs.

4:9. And a spotless life is old age.

4:10. He pleased God, and was beloved, and living among sinners, he was

4:11. He was taken away, lest wickedness should alter his
understanding, or deceit beguile his soul.

4:12. For the bewitching of vanity obscureth good things, and the
wandering of concupiscence overturneth the innocent mind.

4:13. Being made perfect in a short space, he fulfilled a long time.

4:14. For his soul pleased God:  therefore he hastened to bring him out
of the midst of iniquities:  but the people see this, and understand
not, nor lay up such things in their hearts:

4:15. That the grace of God, and his mercy is with his saints, and that
he hath respect to his chosen.

4:16. But the just that is dead, condemneth the wicked that are living,
and youth soon ended, the long life of the unjust.

4:17. For they shall see the end of the wise man, and it shall not
understand what God hath designed for him, and why the Lord hath set
him in safety.

4:18. They shall see him, and shall despise him:  but the Lord shall
laugh them to scorn.

4:19. And they shall fall after this without honour, and be a reproach
among the dead for ever:  for he shall burst them puffed up and
speechless, and shall shake them from the foundations, and they shall
be utterly laid waste:  they shall be in sorrow, and their memory shall

4:20. They shall come with fear at the thought of their sins, and their
iniquities shall stand against them to convict them.

Wisdom Chapter 5

The fruitless repentance of the wicked in another world:  the reward of
the just.

5:1. Then shall the just stand with great constancy against those that
have afflicted them, and taken away their labours.

5:2. These seeing it, shall be troubled with terrible fear, and shall
be amazed at the suddenness of their unexpected salvation,

5:3. Saying within themselves, repenting, and groaning for anguish of
spirit:  These are they, whom we had sometime in derision, and for a
parable of reproach.

5:4. We fools esteemed their life madness, and their end without

5:5. Behold, how they are numbered among the children of God, and their
lot is among the saints.

5:6. Therefore we have erred from the way of truth, and the light of
justice hath not shined unto us, and the sun of understanding hath not
risen upon us.

5:7. We wearied ourselves in the way of iniquity and destruction, and
have walked through hard ways, but the way of the Lord we have not

5:8. What hath pride profited us?  or what advantage hath the boasting
of riches brought us?

5:9. All those things are passed away like a shadow, and like a post
that runneth on,

5:10. And as a ship, that passeth through the waves:  whereof when it is
gone by, the trace cannot be found.  nor the path of its keel in the

5:11. Or as when a bird flieth through the air, of the passage of which
no mark can be found, but only the sound of the wings beating the light
air, and parting it by the force of her flight:  she moved her wings,
and hath flown through, and there is no mark found afterwards of her

5:12. Or as when an arrow is shot at a mark, the divided air quickly
cometh together again, so that the passage thereof is not known:

5:13. So we also being born, forthwith ceased to be:  and have been able
to shew no mark of virtue:  but are consumed in our wickedness.

5:14. Such things as these the sinners said in hell:

5:15. For the hope of the wicked is as dust, which is blown away with
the wind, and as a thin froth which is dispersed by the storm:  and a
smoke that is scattered abroad by the wind:  and as the remembrance of a
guest of one day that passeth by.

5:16. But the just shall live for evermore:  and their reward is with
the Lord, and the care of them with the most High.

5:17. Therefore shall they receive a kingdom of glory, and a crown of
beauty at the hand of the Lord:  for with his right hand he will cover
them, and with his holy arm he will defend them.

5:18. And his zeal will take armour, and he will arm the creature for
the revenge of his enemies.

5:19. He will put on justice as a breastplate, and will take true
judgment instead of a helmet:

5:20. He will take equity for an invincible shield:

5:21. And he will sharpen his severe wrath for a spear, and the whole
world shall fight with him against the unwise.

5:22. Then shafts of lightning shall go directly from the clouds, as
from a bow well bent, they shall be shot out, and shall fly to the

5:23. And thick hail shall be cast upon them from the stone casting
wrath:  the water of the sea shall rage against them, and the rivers
shall run together in a terrible manner.

5:24. A mighty wind shall stand up against them, and as a whirlwind
shall divide them:  and their iniquity shall bring all the earth to a
desert, and wickedness shall overthrow the thrones of the mighty.

Wisdom Chapter 6

An address to princes to seek after wisdom:  she is easily found by
those that seek her.

6:1. Wisdom is better than strength:  and a wise man is better than a
strong man.

6:2. Hear, therefore, ye kings, and understand, learn ye that are
judges of the ends of the earth.

6:3. Give ear, you that rule the people, and that please yourselves in
multitudes of nations:

6:4. For power is given you by the Lord, and strength by the most High,
who will examine your works:  and search out your thoughts:

6:6. Because being ministers of his kingdom, you have not judged
rightly, nor kept the law of justice, nor walked according to the will
of God.

6:6. Horribly and speedily will he appear to you:  for a most severe
judgment shall be for them that bear rule.

6:7. For to him that is little, mercy is granted:  but the mighty shall
be mightily tormented.

6:8. For God will not except any man's person, neither will he stand in
awe of any man's greatness:  for he made the little and the great, and
he hath equally care of all.

6:9. But a greater punishment is ready for the more mighty.

6:10. To you, therefore, O kings, are these my words, that you may
learn wisdom, and not fall from it.

6:11. For they that have kept just things justly, shall be justified:
and they that have learned these things, shall find what to answer.

6:12. Covet ye, therefore, my words, and love them, and you shall have

6:13. Wisdom is glorious, and never fadeth away, and is easily seen by
them that love her, and is found by them that seek her.

6:14. She preventeth them that covet her, so that she first sheweth
herself unto them.

6:15. He that awaketh early to seek her, shall not labour:  for he shall
find her sitting at his door.

6:16. To think, therefore, upon her, is perfect understanding:  and he
that watcheth for her, shall quickly be secure.

6:17. For she goeth about seeking such as are worthy of her, and she
sheweth herself to them cheerfully in the ways, and meeteth them with
all providence.

6:18. For the beginning of her is the most true desire of discipline.

6:19. And the care of discipline is love:  and love is the keeping of
her laws:  and the keeping of her laws is the firm foundation of

6:20. And incorruption bringeth near to God.

6:21. Therefore the desire of wisdom bringeth to the everlasting

6:22. If then your delight be in thrones, and sceptres, O ye kings of
the people, love wisdom, that you may reign for ever.

6:23. Love the light of wisdom, all ye that bear rule over peoples.

6:24. Now what wisdom is, and what was her origin, I will declare:  and
I will not hide from you the mysteries of God, but will seek her out
from the beginning of her birth, and bring the knowledge of her to
light, and will not pass over the truth:

6:25. Neither will I go with consuming envy:  for such a man shall not
be partaker of wisdom.

6:26. Now the multitude of the wise is the welfare of the whole world:
and a wise king is the upholding of the people.

6:27. Receive, therefore, instruction by my words, and it shall be
profitable to you.

Wisdom Chapter 7

The excellence of wisdom:  how she is to be found.

7:1. I myself am a mortal man, like all others, and of the race of him,
that was first made of the earth, and in the womb of my mother I was
fashioned to be flesh.

7:2. In the time of ten months I was compacted in blood, of the seed of
man, and the pleasure of sleep concurring.

7:3. And being born, I drew in the common air, and fell upon the earth,
that is made alike, and the first voice which I uttered was crying, as
all others do.

7:4. I was nursed in swaddling clothes, and with great cares.

7:5. For none of the kings had any other beginning of birth.

7:6. For all men have one entrance into life, and the like going out.

7:7. Wherefore I wished, and understanding was given me:  and I called
upon God, and the spirit of wisdom came upon me:

7:8. And I preferred her before kingdoms and thrones, and esteemed
riches nothing in comparison of her.

7:9. Neither did I compare unto her any precious stone:  for all gold,
in comparison of her, is as a little sand; and silver, in respect to
her, shall be counted as clay.

7:10. I loved her above health and beauty, and chose to have her
instead of light:  for her light cannot be put out.

7:11. Now all good things came to me together with her, and innumerable
riches through her hands,

7:12. And I rejoiced in all these:  for this wisdom went before me, and
I knew not that she was the mother of them all.

7:13. Which I have learned without guile, and communicate without envy,
and her riches I hide not.

7:14. For she is an infinite treasure to men:  which they that use,
become the friends of God, being commended for the gifts of discipline.

7:15. And God hath given to me to speak as I would, and to conceive
thoughts worthy of those things that are given me:  because he is the
guide of wisdom, and the director of the wise:

7:16. For in his hand are both we, and our words, and all wisdom, and
the knowledge and skill of works.

7:17. For he hath given me the true knowledge of the things that are:
to know the disposition of the whole world, and the virtues of the

7:18. The beginning, and ending, and midst of the times, the
alterations of their courses, and the changes of seasons,

7:19. The revolutions of the year, and the dispositions of the stars,

7:20. The natures of living creatures, and rage of wild beasts, the
force of winds, and reasonings of men, the diversities of plants, and
the virtues of roots,

7:21. And all such things as are hid, and not foreseen, I have learned:
for wisdom, which is the worker of all things, taught me.

7:22. For in her is the spirit of understanding; holy, one, manifold,
subtile, eloquent, active, undefiled, sure, sweet, loving that which is
good, quick, which nothing hindereth, beneficent,

7:23. Gentle, kind, steadfast, assured, secure, having all power,
overseeing all things, and containing all spirits:  intelligible, pure,

7:24. For wisdom is more active than all active things; and reacheth
everywhere, by reason of her purity.

7:25. For she is a vapour of the power of God, and a certain pure
emmanation of the glory of the Almighty God:  and therefore no defiled
thing cometh into her.

7:26. For she is the brightness of eternal light, and the unspotted
mirror of God's majesty, and the image of his goodness.

7:27. And being but one, she can do all things:  and remaining in
herself the same, she reneweth all things, and through nations
conveyeth herself into holy souls, she maketh the friends of God and

7:28. For God loveth none but him that dwelleth with wisdom.

7:29. For she is more beautiful than the sun, and above all the order
of the stars:  being compared with the light, she is found before it.

7:30. For after this cometh night, but no evil can overcome wisdom.

Wisdom Chapter 8

Further praises of wisdom:  and her fruits.

8:1. She reacheth, therefore, from end to end mightily, and ordereth
all things sweetly.

8:2. Her have I loved, and have sought her out from my youth, and have
desired to take for my spouse, and I became a lover of her beauty.

8:3. She glorifieth her nobility by being conversant with God:  yea, and
the Lord of all things hath loved her.

8:4. For it is she that teacheth the knowledge of God and is the
chooser of his works.

8:5. And if riches be desired in life, what is richer than wisdom,
which maketh all things?

8:6. And if sense do work:  who is a more artful worker than she of
those things that are?

8:7. And if a man love justice:  her labours have great virtues:  for she
teacheth temperance, and prudence, and justice, and fortitude, which
are such things as men can have nothing more profitable in life.

8:8. And if a man desire much knowledge:  she knoweth things past, and
judgeth of things to come:  she knoweth the subtilties of speeches, and
the solutions of arguments:  she knoweth signs and wonders before they
be done, and the events of times and ages.

8:9. I purposed, therefore, to take her to me to live with me:  knowing
that she will communicate to me of her good things, and will be a
comfort in my cares and grief.

8:10. For her sake I shall have glory among the multitude, and honour
with the ancients, though I be young:

8:11. And I shall be found of a quick conceit in judgment, and shall be
admired in the sight of the mighty, and the faces of princes shall
wonder at me.

8:12. They shall wait for me when I hold my peace, and they shall look
upon me when I speak; and if I talk much, they shall lay their hands on
their mouth.

8:13. Moreover, by the means of her I shall have immortality:  and shall
leave behind me an everlasting memory to them that come after me.

8:14. I shall set the people in order:  and nations shall be subject to

8:15. Terrible kings hearing, shall be afraid of me:  among the
multitude I shall be found good, and valiant in war.

8:16. When I go into my house, I shall repose myself with her:  for her
conversation hath no bitterness, nor her company any tediousness, but
joy and gladness.

8:17. Thinking these things with myself, and pondering them in my
heart, that to be allied to wisdom is immortality,

8:18. And that there is great delight in her friendship, and
inexhaustible riches in the works of her hands, and in the exercise of
conference with her, wisdom, and glory in the communication of her
words:  I went about seeking, that I might take her to myself.

8:19. And I was a witty child, and had received a good soul.

8:20. And whereas I was more good, I came to a body undefiled.

8:21. And as I knew that I could not otherwise be continent, except God
gave it, and this also was a point of wisdom, to know whose gift it
was, I went to the Lord, and besought him, and said with my whole

Wisdom Chapter 9

Solomon's prayer for wisdom.

9:1. God of my fathers, and Lord of mercy, who hast made all things
with thy word,

9:2. And by thy wisdom hast appointed man, that he should have dominion
over the creature that was made by thee,

9:3. That he should order the world according to equity and justice,
and execute justice with an upright heart:

9:4. Give me wisdom, that sitteth by thy throne, and cast me not off
from among thy children:

9:5. For I am thy servant, and the son of thy handmaid, a weak man, and
of short time, and falling short of the understanding of judgment and

9:6. For if one be perfect among the children of men, yet if thy wisdom
be not with him, he shall be nothing regarded.

9:7. Thou hast chosen me to be king of thy people, and a judge of thy
sons and daughters:

9:8. And hast commanded me to build a temple on thy holy mount, and an
altar in the city of thy dwelling place, a resemblance of thy holy
tabernacle, which thou hast prepared from the beginning:

9:9. And thy wisdom with thee, which knoweth thy works, which then also
was present when thou madest the world, and knew what was agreeable to
thy eyes, and what was right in thy commandments.

9:10. Send her out of thy holy heaven, and from the throne of thy
majesty, that she may be with me, and may labour with me, that I may
know what is acceptable with thee:

9:11. For she knoweth and understandeth all things, and shall lead me
soberly in my works, and shall preserve me by her power.

9:12. So shall my works be acceptable, and I shall govern thy people
justly, and shall be worthy of the throne of my father.

9:13. For who among men is he that can know the counsel of God?  or who
can think what the will of God is?

9:14. For the thoughts of mortal men are fearful, and our counsels

9:15. For the corruptible body is a load upon the soul, and the earthly
habitation presseth down the mind that museth upon many things.

9:16. And hardly do we guess aright at things that are upon earth:  and
with labour do we find the things that are before us.  But the things
that are in heaven, who shall search out?

9:17. And who shall know thy thought, except thou give wisdom, and send
thy holy Spirit from above:

9:18. And so the ways of them that are upon earth may be corrected, and
men may learn the things that please thee?

9:19. For by wisdom they were healed, whosoever have pleased thee, O
Lord, from the beginning.

Wisdom Chapter 10

What wisdom did for Adam, Noe, Abraham, Lot, Jacob, Joseph, and the
people of Israel.

10:1. She preserved him, that was first formed by God, the father of
the world, when he was created alone,

10:2. And she brought him out of his sin, and gave him power to govern
all things.

10:3. But when the unjust went away from her in his anger, he perished
by the fury wherewith he murdered his brother.

The unjust. . .Cain.

10:4. For whose cause, when water destroyed the earth, wisdom healed it
again, directing the course of the just by contemptible wood.

For whose cause. . .Viz., for the wickedness of the race of Cain.--Ibid.
The just. . .Noe.

10:5. Moreover, when the nations had conspired together to consent to
wickedness, she knew the just, and preserved him without blame to God,
and kept him strong against the compassion for his son.

She knew the just. . .She found out and approved Abraham.  Ibid.
And kept him strong, etc. . .Gave him strength to stand firm against
the efforts of his natural tenderness, when he was ordered to sacrifice
his son.

10:6. She delivered the just man, who fled from the wicked that were
perishing, when the fire came down upon Pentapolis:

The just man. . .Lot.--Ibid.  Pentapolis. . .The land of the five cities,
Sodom, Gomorrha, etc.

10:7. Whose land, for a testimony of their wickedness, is desolate, and
smoketh to this day, and the trees bear fruits that ripen not, and a
standing pillar of salt is a monument of an incredulous soul.

10:8. For regarding not wisdom, they did not only slip in this, that
they were ignorant of good things; but they left also unto men a
memorial of their folly, so that in the things in which they sinned,
they could not so much as lie hid.

10:9. But wisdom hath delivered from sorrow them that attend upon her.

10:10. She conducted the just, when he fled from his brother's wrath,
through the right ways, and shewed him the kingdom of God, and gave him
the knowledge of the holy things, made him honourable in his labours,
and accomplished his labours.

The just. . .Jacob.

10:11. In the deceit of them that overreached him, she stood by him,
and made him honourable.

10:12. She kept him safe from his enemies, and she defended him from
seducers, and gave him a strong conflict, that he might overcome, and
know that wisdom is mightier than all.

Conflict. . .Viz., with the angel.

10:13. She forsook not the just when he was sold, but delivered him
from sinners:  she went down with him into the pit.

The just when he was sold. . .Viz., Joseph.

10:14. And in bands she left him not, till she brought him the sceptre
of the kingdom, and power against those that oppressed him:  and shewed
them to be liars that had accused him, and gave him everlasting glory.

10:15. She delivered the just people, and blameless seed, from the
nations that oppressed them.

10:16. She entered into the soul of the servant of God and stood
against dreadful kings in wonders and signs.

The servant of God. . .Viz., Moses.

10:17. And she rendered to the just the wages of their labours, and
conducted them in a wonderful way:  and she was to them for a covert by
day, and for the light of stars by night:

10:18. And she brought them through the Red Sea, and carried them over
through a great water.

10:19. But their enemies she drowned in the sea, and from the depth of
hell she brought them out.  Therefore the just took the spoils of the

10:20. And they sung to thy holy name, O Lord, and they praised with
one accord thy victorious hand.

10:21. For wisdom opened the mouth of the dumb, and made the tongues of
infants eloquent.

Wisdom Chapter 11

Other benefits of wisdom to the people of God.

11:1. She prospered their works in the hands of the holy prophet.

The holy prophet. . .Moses.

11:2. They went through wildernesses that were not inhabited, and in
desert places they pitched their tents.

11:3. They stood against their enemies, and revenged themselves of
their adversaries.

Their enemies. . .The Amalecites.

11:4. They were thirsty, and they called upon thee, and water was given
them out of the high rock, and a refreshment of their thirst out of the
hard stone.

11:5. For by what things their enemies were punished, when their drink
failed them, while the children of Israel abounded therewith, and

By what things, etc. . .The meaning is, that God, who wrought a miracle
to punish the Egyptians by thirst, when he turned all their waters into
blood, (at which time the Israelites, who were exempt from those
plagues, had plenty of water,) wrought another miracle in favour of his
own people in their thirst, by giving them water out of the rock.

11:6. By the same things they in their need were benefited.

11:7. For instead of a fountain of an ever running river, thou gavest
human blood to the unjust.

11:8. And whilst they were diminished for a manifest reproof of their
murdering the infants, thou gavest to thine abundant water unlooked

11:9. Shewing by the thirst that was then, how thou didst exalt thine,
and didst kill their adversaries.

11:10. For when they were tried, and chastised with mercy, they knew
how the wicked were judged with wrath, and tormented.

11:11. For thou didst admonish and try them as a father:  but the
others, as a severe king, thou didst examine and condemn.

11:12. For whether absent or present, they were tormented alike.

11:13. For a double affliction came upon them, and a groaning for the
remembrance of things past.

11:14. For when they heard that by their punishments the others were
benefited, they remembered the Lord, wondering at the end of what was
come to pass.

By their punishments, etc. . .That is, that the Israelites had been
benefited and miraculously favoured in the same kind, in which they had
been punished.

11:15. For whom they scorned before, when he was thrown out at the time
of his being wickedly exposed to perish, him they admired in the end,
when they saw the event:  their thirsting being unlike to that of the

11:16. But for the foolish devices of their iniquity, because some
being deceived worshipped dumb serpents and worthless beasts, thou
didst send upon them a multitude of dumb beasts for vengeance:

Dumb beasts. . .Viz., frogs, sciniphs, flies, and locusts.

11:17. That they might know that by what things a man sinneth, by the
same also he is tormented.

11:18. For thy almighty hand, which made the world of matter without
form, was not unable to send upon them a multitude of bears, or fierce

11:19. Or unknown beasts of a new kind, full of rage; either breathing
out a fiery vapour, or sending forth a stinking smoke, or shooting
horrible sparks out of their eyes:

11:20. Whereof not only the hurt might be able to destroy them, but
also the very sight might kill them through fear.

11:21. Yea, and without these, they might have been slain with one
blast, persecuted by their own deeds, and scattered by the breath of
thy power:  but thou hast ordered all things in measure, and number, and

11:22. For great power always belonged to thee alone:  and who shall
resist the strength of thy arm?

11:23. For the whole world before thee is as the least grain of the
balance, and as a drop of the morning dew, that falleth down upon tho

11:24. But thou hast mercy upon all, because thou canst do all things,
and overlookest the sins of men for the sake of repentance.

11:25. For thou lovest all things that are, and hatest none of the
things which thou hast made:  for thou didst not appoint, or make any
thing hating it.

11:26. And how could any thing endure, if thou wouldst not?  or be
preserved, if not called by thee?

11:27. But thou sparest all:  because they are thine, O Lord, who lovest

Wisdom Chapter 12

God's wisdom and mercy in his proceedings with the Chanaanites.

12:1. O how good and sweet is thy Spirit, O Lord, in all things!

12:2. And therefore thou chastisest them that err, by little and
little:  and admonishest them, and speakest to them, concerning the
things wherein they offend:  that leaving their wickedness, they may
believe in thee, O Lord.

12:3. For those ancient inhabitants of thy holy land, whom thou didst

12:4. Because they did works hateful to thee by their sorceries, and
wicked sacrifices,

12:5. And those merciless murderers of their own children, and eaters
of men's bowels, and devourers of blood from the midst of thy

From the midst of thy consecration. . .Literally, sacrament.  That is,
the land sacred to thee, in which thy temple was to be established, and
man's redemption to be wrought.

12:6. And those parents sacrificing with their own hands helpless
souls, it was thy will to destroy by the hands of our parents,

12:7. That the land which of all is most dear to thee, might receive a
worthy colony of the children of God.

12:8. Yet even those thou sparedst as men, and didst send wasps
forerunners of thy host, to destroy them by little and little.

12:9. Not that thou wast unable to bring the wicked under the just by
war, or by cruel beasts, or with one rough word to destroy them at

12:10. But executing thy judgments by degrees, thou gavest them place
of repentance, not being ignorant that they were a wicked generation,
and their malice natural, and that their thought could never be

12:11. For it was a cursed seed from the beginning:  neither didst thou
for fear of any one give pardon to their sins.

12:12. For who shall say to thee:  What hast thou done?  or who shall
withstand thy judgment?  or who shall come before thee to be a revenger
of wicked men?  or who shall accuse thee, if the nations perish, which
thou hast made ?

12:13. For there is no other God but thou, who hast care of all, that
thou shouldst shew that thou dost not give judgment unjustly.

12:14. Neither shall king, nor tyrant, in thy sight inquire about them
whom thou hast destroyed.

12:15. For so much then, as thou art just, thou orderest all things
justly:  thinking it not agreeable to the power, to condemn him who
deserveth not to be punished.

12:16. For thy power is the beginning of justice:  and because thou art
Lord of all, thou makest thyself gracious to all.

12:17. For thou shewest thy power, when men will not believe thee to be
absolute in power, and thou convincest the boldness of them that know
thee not.

12:18. But thou being master of power, judgest with tranquillity, and
with great favour disposest of us:  for thy power is at hand when thou

12:19. But thou hast taught thy people by such works, that they must be
just and humane, and hast made thy children to be of a good hope:
because in judging, thou givest place for repentance for sins.

12:20. For if thou didst punish the enemies of thy servants, and that
deserved to die, with so great deliberation, giving them time and place
whereby they might be changed from their wickedness:

12:21. With what circumspection hast thou judged thy own children, to
whose parents thou hast sworn, and made covenants of good promises?

12:22. Therefore whereas thou chastisest us, thou scourgest our enemies
very many ways, to the end that when we judge we may think on thy
goodness:  and when we are judged, we may hope for thy mercy.

12:23. Wherefore thou hast also greatly tormented them, who, in their
life, have lived foolishly and unjustly, by the same things which they

12:24. For they went astray for a long time in the ways of error,
holding those things for gods which are the most worthless among
beasts, living after the manner of children without understanding.

12:25. Therefore thou hast sent a judgment upon them, as senseless
children, to mock them.

12:26. But they that were not amended by mockeries and reprehensions,
experienced the worthy judgment of God.

12:27. For seeing, with indignation, that they suffered by those very
things which they took for gods, when they were destroyed by the same,
they acknowledged him the true God, whom in time past they denied that
they knew:  for which cause the end also of their condemnation came upon

Wisdom Chapter 13

Idolaters are inexcusable:  and those most of all that worship for gods
the works of the hands of men.

13:1. But all men are vain, in whom there is not the knowledge of God:
and who by these good things that are seen, could not understand him
that is, neither by attending to the works have acknowledged who was
the workman:

13:2. But have imagined either the fire, or the wind, or the swift air,
or the circle of the stars, or the great water, or the sun and moon, to
be the gods that rule the world.

13:3. With whose beauty, if they, being delighted, took them to be
gods:  let them know how much the Lord of them is more beautiful than
they:  for the first author of beauty made all those things.

13:4. Or if they admired their power, and their effects, let them
understand by them, that he that made them, is mightier than they:

13:5. For by the greatness of the beauty, and of the creature, the
creator of them may be seen, so as to be known thereby.

13:6. But yet as to these they are less to be blamed.  For they perhaps
err, seeking God, and desirous to find him.

13:7. For being conversant among his works, they search:  and they are
persuaded that the things are good which are seen.

13:8. But then again they are not to be pardoned.

13:9. For if they were able to know so much as to make a judgment of
the world:  how did they not more easily find out the Lord thereof?

13:10. But unhappy are they, and their hope is among the dead, who have
called gods the works of the hand of men, gold and silver, the
inventions of art, and the resemblances of beasts, or an unprofitable
stone the work of an ancient hand.

13:11. Or if an artist, a carpenter, hath cut down a tree proper for
his use in the wood, and skilfully taken off all the bark thereof, and
with his art, diligently formeth a vessel profitable for the common
uses of life,

13:12. And useth the chips of his work to dress his meat:

13:13. And taking what was left thereof, which is good for nothing,
being a crooked piece of wood, and full of knots, carveth it diligently
when he hath nothing else to do, and by the skill of his art fashioneth
it, and maketh it like the image of a man:

13:14. Or the resemblance of some beast, laying it over with vermilion,
and painting it red, and covering every spot that is in it:

13:15. And maketh a convenient dwelling place for it, and setting it in
a wall, and fastening it with iron,

13:16. Providing for it, lest it should fall, knowing that it is unable
to help itself:  for it is an image, and hath need of help.

13:17. And then maketh prayer to it, enquiring concerning his
substance, and his children, or his marriage.  And he is not ashamed to
speak to that which hath no life:

13:18. And for health he maketh supplication to the weak, and for life
prayeth to that which is dead, and for help calleth upon that which is

13:19. And for a good journey he petitioneth him that cannot walk:  and
for getting, and for working, and for the event of all things he asketh
him that is unable to do any thing.

Wisdom Chapter 14

The beginning of worshipping idols:  and the effects thereof.

14:1. Again, another designing to sail, and beginning to make his
voyage through the raging waves, calleth upon a piece of wood more
frail than the wood that carrieth him.

14:2. For this the desire of gain devised, and the workman built it by
his skill.

14:3. But thy providence, O Father, governeth it:  for thou hast made a
way even in the sea, and a most sure path among the waves,

14:4. Shewing that thou art able to save out of all things, yea, though
a man went to sea without art.

14:5. But that the works of thy wisdom might not be idle:  therefore men
also trust their lives even to a little wood, and passing over the sea
by ship, are saved.

14:6. And from the beginning also, when the proud giants perished, the
hope of the world fleeing to a vessel, which was governed by thy hand,
left to the world seed of generation.

14:7. For blessed is the wood, by which justice cometh

14:8. But the idol that is made by hands, is cursed, as well it, as he
that made it:  he because he made it; and it because being frail it is
called a god.

14:9. But to God the wicked and his wickedness are hateful alike.

14:10. For that which is made, together with him that made it, shall
suffer torments.

14:11. Therefore there shall be no respect had even to the idols of the
Gentiles:  because the creatures of God are turned to an abomination,
and a temptation to the souls of men, and a snare to the feet of the

14:12. For the beginning of fornication is the devising of idols:  and
the invention of them is the corruption of life.

14:13. For neither were they from the beginning, neither shall they be
for ever.

14:14. For by the vanity of men they came into the world:  and therefore
they shall be found to come shortly to an end.

14:15. For a father being afflicted with bitter grief, made to himself
the image of his son, who was quickly taken away:  and him who then had
died as a man, he began now to worship as a god, and appointed him
rites and sacrifices among his servants.

14:16. Then, in process of time, wicked custom prevailing, this error
was kept as a law, and statues were worshipped by the commandment of

14:17. And those whom men could not honour in presence, because they
dwelt far off, they brought their resemblance from afar, and made an
express image of the king, whom they had a mind to honour:  that by this
their diligence, they might honour as present, him that was absent.

14:18. And to the worshipping of these, the singular diligence also of
the artificer helped to set forward the ignorant.

14:19. For he being willing to please him that employed him, laboured
with all his art to make the resemblance in the best manner.

14:20. And the multitude of men, carried away by the beauty of the
work, took him now for a god, that little before was but honoured as a

14:21. And this was the occasion of deceiving human life:  for men
serving either their affection, or their kings, gave the incommunicable
name to stones and wood.

14:22. And it was not enough for them to err about the knowledge of
God, but whereas they lived in a great war of ignorance, they call so
many and so great evils peace.

14:23. For either they sacrifice their own children, or use hidden
sacrifices, or keep watches full of madness,

14:24. So that now they neither keep life, nor marriage undefiled, but
one killeth another through envy, or grieveth him by adultery:

14:25. And all things are mingled together, blood, murder, theft, and
dissimulation, corruption and unfaithfulness, tumults and perjury,
disquieting of the good,

14:26. Forgetfulness of God, defiling of souls, changing of nature,
disorder in marriage, and the irregularity of adultery and uncleanness.

14:27. For the worship of abominable idols is the cause, and the
beginning and end of all evil.

14:28. For either they are mad when they are merry:  or they prophesy
lies, or they live unjustly, or easily forswear themselves.

14:29. For whilst they trust in idols, which are without life, though
they swear amiss, they look not to be hurt.

14:30. But for both these things they shall be justly punished, because
they have thought not well of God, giving heed to idols, and have sworn
unjustly, in guile despising justice.

14:31. For it is not the power of them, by whom they swear, but the
just vengeance of sinners always punisheth the transgression of the

Wisdom Chapter 15

The servants of God praise him who hath delivered them from idolatry;
condemning both the makers and the worshippers of idols.

15:1. But thou, our God, art gracious and true, patient, and ordering
all things in mercy.

15:2. For if we sin, we are thine, knowing thy greatness:  and if we sin
not, we know that we are counted with thee.

15:3. For to know thee is perfect justice:  and to know thy justice, and
thy power, is the root of immortality.

15:4. For the invention of mischievous men hath not deceived us, nor
the shadow of a picture, a fruitless labour, a graven figure with
divers colours,

15:5. The sight whereof enticeth the fool to lust after it, and he
loveth the lifeless figure of a dead image.

15:6. The lovers of evil things deserve to have no better things to
trust in, both they that make them, and they that love them, and they
that worship them.

15:7. The potter also tempering soft earth, with labour fashioneth
every vessel for our service, and of the same clay he maketh both
vessels that are for clean uses, and likewise such as serve to the
contrary:  but what is the use of these vessels, the potter is the

15:8. And of the same clay by a vain labour he maketh a god:  he who a
little before was made of earth himself, and a little after returneth
to the same out of which he was taken, when his life, which was lent
him, shall be called for again.

15:9. But his care is, not that he shall labour, nor that his life is
short, but he striveth with the goldsmiths and silversmiths:  and he
endeavoureth to do like the workers in brass, and counteth it a glory
to make vain things.

15:10. For his heart is ashes, and his hope vain earth and his life
more base than clay:

15:11. Forasmuch as he knew not his maker, and him that inspired into
him the soul that worketh, and that breathed into him a living spirit.

15:12. Yea, and they have counted our life a pastime and the business
of life to be gain, and that we must be getting every way, even out of

15:13. For that man knoweth that he offendeth above all others, who of
earthly matter maketh brittle vessels, and graven gods.

15:14. But all the enemies of thy people that hold them in subjection,
are foolish, and unhappy, and proud beyond measure:

15:15. For they have esteemed all the idols of the heathens for gods,
which neither have the use of eyes to see, nor noses to draw breath,
nor ears to hear, nor fingers of hands to handle, and as for their
feet, they are slow to walk.

15:16. For man made them:  and he that borroweth his own breath,
fashioned them.  For no man can make a god like to himself.

15:17. For being mortal himself, he formeth a dead thing with his
wicked hands.  For he is better than they whom he worshippeth, because
he indeed hath lived, though he were mortal, but they never.

15:18. Moreover, they worship also the vilest creatures:  but things
without sense, compared to these, are worse than they.

15:19. Yea, neither by sight can any man see good of these beasts.  But
they have fled from the praise of God, and from his blessing.

Wisdom Chapter 16

God's different dealings with the Egyptians and with his own people.

16:1. For these things, and by the like things to these, they were
worthily punished, and were destroyed by a multitude of beasts.

16:2. Instead of which punishment, dealing well with thy people, thou
gavest them their desire of delicious food, of a new taste, preparing
for them quails for their meat:

16:3. To the end, that they indeed desiring food, by means of those
things that were shewn and sent among them, might loath even that which
was necessary to satisfy their desire.  But these, after suffering want
for a short time, tasted a new meat.

They indeed desiring food, etc. . .He means the Egyptians; who were
restrained even from that food which was necessary, by the frogs and
the flies that were sent amongst them, and spoiled all their
meats.--Ibid.  But these. . .Viz., the Israelites.

16:4. For it was requisite that inevitable destruction should come upon
them that exercised tyranny:  but to these it should only be shewn how
their enemies were destroyed.

16:5. For when the fierce rage of beasts came upon these, they were
destroyed by the bitings of crooked serpents.

16:6. But thy wrath endured not for ever, but they were troubled for a
short time for their correction, having a sign of salvation, to put
them in remembrance of the commandment of thy law.

Sign of salvation. . .The brazen serpent, an emblem of Christ our

16:7. For he that turned to it, was not healed by that which he saw,
but by thee, the Saviour of all.

16:8. And in this thou didst shew to our enemies, that thou art he who
deliverest from all evil.

16:9. For the bitings of locusts, and of flies, killed them, and there
was found no remedy for their life:  because they were worthy to be
destroyed by such things.

16:10. But not even the teeth of venomous serpents overcame thy
children:  for thy mercy came and healed them.

16:11. For they were examined for the remembrance of thy words, and
were quickly healed, lest falling into deep forgetfulness, they might
not be able to use thy help.

16:12. For it was neither herb, nor mollifying plaster, that healed
them, but thy word, O Lord, which healeth all things.

16:13. For it is thou, O Lord, that hast power of life and death, and
leadest down to the gates of death, and bringest back again:

16:14. A man indeed killeth through malice, and when the spirit is gone
forth, it shall not return, neither shall he call back the soul that is

16:15. But it is impossible to escape thy hand:

16:16. For the wicked that denied to know thee, were scourged by the
strength of thy arm, being persecuted by strange waters, and hail, and
rain, and consumed by fire.

16:17. And which was wonderful, in water, which extinguisheth all
things, the fire had more force:  for the world fighteth for the just.

The fire had more force. . .Viz., when the fire and hail mingled
together laid waste the land of Egypt.  Ex. 9.

16:18. For at one time the fire was mitigated, that the beasts which
were sent against the wicked might not be burnt, but that they might
see, and perceive that they were persecuted by the judgment of God.

16:19. And at another time the fire, above its own power, burnt in the
midst of water, to destroy the fruits of a wicked land.

16:20. Instead of which things, thou didst feed thy people with the
food of angels, and gavest them bread from heaven, prepared without
labour; having in it all that is delicious, and the sweetness of every

16:21. For thy sustenance shewed thy sweetness to thy children, and
serving every man's will, it was turned to what every man liked.

16:22. But snow and ice endured the force of fire, and melted not:  that
they might know that the fire, burning in the hail, and flashing in the
rain, destroyed the fruits of the enemies.

16:23. But this same again, that the just might be nourished, did even
forget its own strength.

16:24. For the creature serving thee, the Creator, is made fierce
against the unjust for their punishment:  and abateth its strength for
the benefit of them that trust in thee.

16:25. Therefore even then it was transformed into all things, and was
obedient to thy grace, that nourisheth all, according to the will of
them that desired it of thee:

16:26. That thy children, O Lord, whom thou lovedst, might know that it
is not the growing of fruits that nourisheth men, but thy word
preserveth them that believe in thee.

16:27. For that which could not be destroyed by fire, being warmed with
a little sunbeam, presently melted away:

16:28. That it might be known to all, that we ought to prevent the sun
to bless thee, and adore thee at the dawning of the light.

16:29. For the hope of the unthankful shall melt away as the winter's
ice, and shall run off as unprofitable water.

Wisdom Chapter 17

The Egyptian darkness.

17:1. For thy judgments, O Lord, are great, and thy words cannot be
expressed:  therefore undisciplined souls have erred.

17:2. For while the wicked thought to be able to have dominion over the
holy nation, they themselves being fettered with the bonds of darkness,
and a long night, shut up in their houses, lay there exiled from the
eternal providence.

17:3. And while they thought to lie hid in their obscure sins, they
were scattered under a dark veil of forgetfullness, being horribly
afraid, and troubled with exceeding great astonishment.

17:4. For neither did the den that held them, keep them from fear:  for
noises coming down troubled them, and sad visions appearing to them,
affrighted them.

17:5. And no power of fire could give them light, neither could the
bright flames of the stars enlighten that horrible night.

17:6. But there appeared to them a sudden fire, very dreadful:  and
being struck with the fear of that face, which was not seen, they
thought the things which they saw to be worse:

17:7. And the delusions of their magic art were put down, and their
boasting of wisdom was reproachfully rebuked.

17:8. For they who promised to drive away fears and troubles from a
sick soul, were sick themselves of a fear worthy to be laughed at.

17:9. For though no terrible thing disturbed them:  yet being scared
with the passing by of beasts, and hissing of serpents, they died for
fear and denying that they saw the air, which could by no means be

17:10. For whereas wickedness is fearful, it beareth witness of its
condemnation:  for a troubled conscience always forecasteth grievous

17:11. For fear is nothing else but a yielding up of the succours from

17:12. And while there is less expectation from within, the greater
doth it count the ignorance of that cause which bringeth the torment.

17:13. But they that during that night, in which nothing could be done,
and which came upon them from the lowest and deepest hell, slept the
same sleep,

17:14. Were sometimes molested with the fear of monsters, sometimes
fainted away, their soul failing them:  for a sudden and unlooked for
fear was come upon them.

17:15. Moreover, if any of them had fallen down, he was kept shut up in
prison without irons.

17:16. For if any one were a husbandman, or a shepherd, or a labourer
in the field, and was suddenly overtaken, he endured a necessity from
which he could not fly.

17:17. For they were all bound together with one chain of darkness.
Whether it were a whistling wind, or the melodious voice of birds,
among the spreading branches of trees, or a fall of water running down
with violence,

17:18. Or the mighty noise of stones tumbling down, or the running that
could not be seen of beasts playing together, or the roaring voice of
wild beasts, or a rebounding echo from the highest mountains:  these
things made them to swoon for fear.

17:19. For the whole world was enlightened, with a clear light, and
none were hindered in their labours.

17:20. But over them only was spread a heavy night, an image of that
darkness which was to come upon them.  But they were to themselves more
grievous than the darkness.

Wisdom Chapter 18

The slaughter of the firstborn in Egypt:  the efficacy of Aaron's
intercession, in the sedition on occasion of Core.

18:1. But thy saints had a very great light, and they heard their voice
indeed, but did not see their shape.  And because they also did not
suffer the same things, they glorified thee:

18:2. And they that before had been wronged, gave thanks, because they
were not hurt now:  and asked this gift, that there might be a

18:3. Therefore they received a burning pillar of fire for a guide of
the way which they knew not, and thou gavest them a harmless sun of a
good entertainment.

A harmless sun. . .A light that should not hurt or molest them; but that
should be an agreeable guest to them.

18:4. The others indeed were worthy to be deprived of light, and
imprisoned in darkness, who kept thy children shut up, by whom the pure
light of the law was to be given to the world.

18:5. And whereas they thought to kill the babes of the just:  one child
being cast forth, and saved to reprove them, thou tookest away a
multitude of their children, and destroyedst them altogether in a
mighty water.

One child. . .Viz., Moses.

18:6. For that night was known before by our fathers, that assuredly
knowing what oaths they had trusted to, they might be of better

18:7. So thy people received the salvation of the just, and destruction
of the unjust.

18:8. For as thou didst punish the adversaries so thou didst also
encourage and glorify us.

18:9. For the just children of good men were offering sacrifice
secretly, and they unanimously ordered a law of justice:  that the just
should receive both good and evil alike, singing now the praises of the

Of good men. . .Viz., of the patriarchs.  Their children, the Israelites,
offered in private the sacrifice of the paschal lamb; and were
regulating what they were to do in their journey, when that last and
most dreadful plague was coming upon their enemies.

18:10. But on the other side there sounded an ill according cry of the
enemies, and a lamentable mourning was heard for the children that were

18:11. And the servant suffered the same punishment as the master, and
a common man suffered in like manner as the king.

18:12. So all alike had innumerable dead, with one kind of death.
Neither were the living sufficient to bury them:  for in one moment the
noblest offspring of them was destroyed.

The noblest offspring. . .That is, the firstborn.

18:13. For whereas they would not believe any thing before by reason of
the enchantments, then first upon the destruction of the firstborn,
they acknowledged the people to be of God.

18:14. For while all things were in quiet silence, and the night was in
the midst of her course,

18:15. Thy Almighty word leaped down from heaven from thy royal throne,
as a fierce conqueror into the midst of the land of destruction,

18:16. With a sharp sword carrying thy unfeigned commandment, and he
stood and filled all things with death, and standing on the earth,
reached even to heaven.

18:17. Then suddenly visions of evil dreams troubled them, and fears
unlooked for came upon them.

18:18. And one thrown here, another there, half dead, shewed the cause
of his death.

18:19. For the visions that troubled them foreshewed these things, lest
they should perish, and not know why they suffered these evils.

18:20. But the just also were afterwards touched by an assault of
death, and there was a disturbance of the multitude in the wilderness:
but thy wrath did not long continue;

18:21. For a blameless man made haste to pry for the people, bringing
forth the shield of his ministry, prayer, and by incense making
supplication, withstood the wrath, and put an end to the calamity,
shewing that he was thy servant.

18:22. And he overcame the disturbance, not by strength of body nor
with force of arms, but with a word he subdued him that punished them,
alleging the oath and covenant made with the fathers.

18:23. For when they were now fallen down dead by heaps one upon
another, he stood between and stayed the assault, and cut off the way
to the living.

18:24. For in the priestly robe which he wore, was the whole world:  and
in the four rows of the stones, the glory of the fathers was graven,
and thy majesty was written upon the diadem of his head.

18:26. And to these the destroyer gave place, and was afraid of them:
for the proof only of wrath was enough.

Wisdom Chapter 19

Why God shewed no mercy to the Egyptians.  His favour to the Israelites.
All creatures obey God's orders for the service of the good, and the
punishment of the wicked.

19:1. But as to the wicked, even to the end there came upon them wrath
without mercy.  For he knew before also what they would do:

19:2. For when they had given them leave to depart and had sent them
away with great care, they repented and pursued after them.

19:3. For whilst they were yet mourning, and lamenting at the graves of
the dead, they took up another foolish device:  and pursued them as
fugitives whom they had pressed to be gone:

19:4. For a necessity, of which they were worthy, brought them to this
end:  and they lost the remembrance of those things which had happened,
that their punishment might fill up what was wanting to their torments:

19:5. And that thy people might wonderfully pass through, but they
might find a new death.

19:6. For every creature, according to its kind was fashioned again as
from the beginning, obeying thy commandments, that thy children might
be kept without hurt.

19:7. For a cloud overshadowed their camps and where water was before,
dry land appeared, and in the Red Sea a way without hindrance, and out
of the great deep a springing field:

19:8. Through which all the nation passed which was protected with thy
hand, seeing thy miracles and wonders.

19:9. For they fed on their food like horses, and they skipped like
lambs, praising thee, O Lord, who hadst delivered them.

19:10. For they were yet mindful of those things which had been done in
the time of their sojourning, how the ground brought forth flies
instead of cattle, and how the river cast up a multitude of frogs
instead of fishes.

19:11. And at length they saw a new generation of birds, when being led
by their appetite, they asked for delicate meats.

19:12. For to satisfy their desire, the quail came up to them from the
sea:  and punishments came upon the sinners, not without foregoing signs
by the force of thunders:  for they suffered justly according to their
own wickedness.

19:13. For they exercised a more detestable inhospitality than any:
others indeed received not strangers unknown to them, but these brought
their guests into bondage that had deserved well of them.

19:14. And not only so, but in another respect also they were worse:
for the others against their will received the strangers.

19:15. But these grievously afflicted them whom they had received with
joy, and who lived under the same laws.

19:16. But they were struck with blindness:  as those others were at the
doors of the just man, when they were covered with sudden darkness, and
every one sought the passage of his own door.

19:17. For while the elements are changed in themselves, as in an
instrument the sound of the quality is changed, yet all keep their
sound:  which may clearly be perceived by the very sight.

Elements are changed, etc. . .The meaning is, that whatever changes God
wrought in the elements by miracles in favour of his people, they still
kept their harmony by obeying his will.

19:18. For the things of the land were turned into things of the water:
and the things that before swam in the water passed upon the land.

19:19. The fire had power in water above its own virtue, and the water
forgot its quenching nature.

19:20. On the other side, the flames wasted not the flesh of
corruptible animals walking therein, neither did they melt that good
food, which was apt to melt as ice.  For in all things thou didst
magnify thy people, O Lord, and didst honour them, and didst not
despise them, but didst assist them at all times, and in every place.

That good food. . .The manna.


This Book is so called from a Greek word that signifies a preacher:
because, like an excellent preacher, it gives admirable lessons of all
virtues.  The author was Jesus the son of Sirach of Jerusalem, who
flourished about two hundred years before Christ.  As it was written
after the time of Esdras, it is not in the Jewish canon; but is
received as canonical and divine by the Catholic Church, instructed by
apostolical tradition, and directed by the spirit of God.  It was first
written in the Hebrew, but afterwards translated into Greek, by another
Jesus, the grandson of the author, whose prologue to this book is the


The knowledge of many and great things hath been shewn us by the law,
and the prophets, and others that have followed them:  for which things
Israel is to be commended for doctrine and wisdom, because not only
they that speak must needs be skilful, but strangers also, both
speaking and writing, may by their means become most learned.  My
grandfather Jesus, after he had much given himself to a diligent
reading of the law, and the prophets, and other books, that were
delivered to us from our fathers, had a mind also to write something
himself, pertaining to doctrine and wisdom; that such as are desirous
to learn, and are made knowing in these things, may be more and more
attentive in mind, and be strengthened to live according to the law.  I
entreat you therefore to come with benevolence, and to read with
attention, and to pardon us for those things wherein we may seem, while
we follow the image of wisdom, to come short in the composition of
words; for the Hebrew words have not the same force in them when
translated into another tongue.  And not only these, but the law also
itself, and the prophets, and the rest of the books, have no small
difference, when they are spoken in their own language.  For in the
eight and thirtieth year coming into Egypt, when Ptolemy Evergetes was
king, and continuing there a long time, I found there books left, of no
small nor contemptible learning.  Therefore I thought it good, and
necessary for me to bestow some diligence and labour to interpret this
book; and with much watching and study in some space of time, I brought
the book to an end, and set it forth for the service of them that are
willing to apply their mind, and to learn how they ought to conduct
themselves, who purpose to lead their life according to the law of the

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 1

All wisdom is from God, and is given to them that fear and love God.

1:1. All wisdom is from the Lord God, and hath been always with him,
and is before all time.

1:2. Who hath numbered the sand of the sea, and the drops of rain, and
the days of the world?  Who hath measured the height of heaven, and the
breadth of the earth, and the depth of the abyss?

1:3. Who hath searched out the wisdom of God that goeth before all

1:4. Wisdom hath been created before all things, and the understanding
of prudence from everlasting.

1:5. The word of God on high is the fountain of wisdom, and her ways
are everlasting commandments.

1:6. To whom hath the root of wisdom been revealed, and who hath known
her wise counsels?

1:7. To whom hath the discipline of wisdom been revealed and made
manifest?  and who hath understood the multiplicity of her steps?

1:8. There is one most high Creator Almighty, and a powerful king, and
greatly to be feared, who sitteth upon his throne, and is the God of

1:9. He created her in the Holy Ghost, and saw her, and numbered her,
and measured her.

1:10. And he poured her out upon all his works, and upon all flesh
according to his gift, and hath given her to them that love him.

1:11. The fear of the Lord is honour, and glory, and gladness, and a
crown of joy.

1:12. The fear of the Lord shall delight the heart, and shall give joy,
and gladness, and length of days.

1:13. With him that feareth the Lord, it shall go well in the latter
end, and in the day of his death he shall be blessed.

1:14. The love of God is honourable wisdom.

1:15. And they to whom she shall shew herself love her by the sight,
and by the knowledge of her great works.

1:16. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and was created
with the faithful in the womb, it walketh with chosen women, and is
known with the just and faithful.

1:17. The fear of the Lord is the religiousness of knowledge.

1:18. Religiousness shall keep and justify the heart, it shall give joy
and gladness.

1:19. It shall go well with him that feareth the Lord, and in the days
of his end he shall be blessed.

1:20. To fear God is the fulness of wisdom, and fulness is from the
fruits thereof.

1:21. She shall fill all her house with her increase, and the
storehouses with her treasures.

1:22. The fear of the Lord is a crown of wisdom, filling up peace and
the fruit of salvation:

1:23. And it hath seen, and numbered her:  but both are the gifts of

1:24. Wisdom shall distribute knowledge, and understanding of prudence:
and exalteth the glory of them that hold her.

1:25. The root of wisdom is to fear the Lord:  and the branches thereof
are long-lived.

1:26. In the treasures of wisdom is understanding, and religiousness of
knowledge:  but to sinners wisdom is an abomination.

1:27. The fear of the Lord driveth out sin:

1:28. For he that is without fear, cannot be justified:  for the wrath
of his high spirits is his ruin.

1:29. A patient man shall bear for a time, and afterwards joy shall be
restored to him.

1:30. A good understanding will hide his words for a time, and the lips
of many shall declare his wisdom.

1:31. In the treasures of wisdom is the signification of discipline:

1:32. But the worship of God is an abomination to a sinner.

1:33. Son, if thou desire wisdom, keep justice, and God will give her
to thee.

1:34. For the fear of the Lord is wisdom and discipline:  and that which
is agreeable to him,

1:35. Is faith, and meekness:  and he will fill up his treasures.

1:36. Be not incredulous to the fear of the Lord:  and come not to him
with a double heart.

1:37. Be not a hypocrite in the sight of men, and let not thy lips be a
stumblingblock to thee.

1:38. Watch over them, lest thou fall, and bring dishonour upon thy

1:39. And God discover thy secrets, and cast thee down in the midst of
the congregation.

1:40. Because thou camest to the Lord wickedly, and thy heart is full
of guile and deceit.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 2

God's servants must look for temptations:  and must arm themselves with
patience and confidence in God.

2:1. Son, when thou comest to the service of God, stand in justice and
in fear, and prepare thy soul for temptation.

2:2. Humble thy heart, and endure:  incline thy ear, and receive the
words of understanding:  and make not haste in the time of clouds.

2:3. Wait on God with patience:  join thyself to God, and endure, that
thy life may be increased in the latter end.

2:4. Take all that shall be brought upon thee:  and in thy sorrow
endure, and in thy humiliation keep patience.

2:5. For gold and silver are tried in the fire, but acceptable men in
the furnace of humiliation.

2:6. Believe God, and he will recover thee:  and direct thy way, and
trust in him.  Keep his fear, and grow old therein.

2:7. Ye that fear the Lord, wait for his mercy:  and go not aside from
him lest ye fall.

2:8. Ye that fear the Lord, believe him:  and your reward shall not be
made void.

2:9. Ye that fear the Lord hope in him, and mercy shall come to you for
your delight.

2:10. Ye that fear the Lord, love him, and your hearts shall be

2:11. My children behold the generations of men:  and know ye that no
one hath hoped in the Lord, and hath been confounded.

2:12. For who hath continued in his commandment, and hath been
forsaken?  or who hath called upon him, and he despised him?

2:13. For God is compassionate and merciful, and will forgive sins in
the day of tribulation:  and he is a protector to all that seek him in

2:14. Woe to them that are of a double heart and to wicked lips, and to
the hands that do evil, and to the sinner that goeth on the earth two

2:15. Woe to them that are fainthearted, who believe not God:  and
therefore they shall not be protected by him.

2:16. Woe to them that have lost patience, and that have forsaken the
right ways, and have gone aside into crooked ways.

2:17. And what will they do, when the Lord shall begin to examine?

2:18. They that fear the Lord, will not be incredulous to his word:  and
they that love him, will keep his way.

2:19. They that fear the Lord, will seek after the things that are well
pleasing to him:  and they that love him, shall be filled with his law.

2:20. They that fear the Lord, will prepare their hearts, and in his
sight will sanctify their souls,

2:21. They that fear the Lord, keep his commandments, and will have
patience even until his visitation,

2:22. Saying:  If we do not penance, we shall fall into the hands of the
Lord, and not into the hands of men.

2:23. For according to his greatness, so also is his mercy with him.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 3

Lessons concerning the honour of parents, and humility, and avoiding

3:1. The sons of wisdom are the church of the just:  and their
generation, obedience and love.

3:2. Children, hear the judgment of your father, and so do that you may
be saved.

3:3. For God hath made the father honourable to the children:  and
seeking the judgment of the mothers, hath confirmed it upon the

3:4. He that loveth God, shall obtain pardon for his sins by prayer,
and shall refrain himself from them, and shall be heard in the prayer
of days.

3:5. And he that honoureth his mother is as one that layeth up a

3:6. He that honoureth his father shall have joy in his own children,
and in the day of his prayer he shall be heard.

3:7. He that honoureth his father shall enjoy a long life:  and he that
obeyeth the father, shall be a comfort to his mother.

3:8. He that feareth the Lord, honoureth his parents, and will serve
them as his masters that brought him into the world.

3:9. Honour thy father, in work and word, and all patience,

3:10. That a blessing may come upon thee from him, and his blessing may
remain in the latter end.

3:11. The father's blessing establisheth the houses of the children:
but the mother's curse rooteth up the foundation.

3:12. Glory not in the dishonour of thy father:  for his shame is no
glory to thee.

3:13. For the glory of a man is from the honour of his father, and a
father without honour is the disgrace of the son.

3:14. Son, support the old age of thy father, and grieve him not in his

3:15. And if his understanding fail, have patience with him, and
despise him not when thou art in thy strength:  for the relieving of the
father shall not be forgotten.

3:16. For good shall be repaid to thee for the sin of thy mother.

3:17. And in justice thou shalt be built up, and in the day of
affliction thou shalt be remembered:  and thy sins shall melt away as
the ice in the fair warm weather.

3:18. Of what an evil fame is he that forsaketh his father:  and he is
cursed of God that angereth his mother.

3:19. My son, do thy works in meekness, and thou shalt be beloved above
the glory of men.

3:20. The greater thou art, the more humble thyself in all things, and
thou shalt find grace before God:

3:21. For great is the power of God alone, and he is honoured by the

3:22. Seek not the things that are too high for thee, and search not
into things above thy ability:  but the things that God hath commanded
thee, think on them always, and in many of his works be not curious.

3:23. For it is not necessary for thee to see with thy eyes those
things that are hid.

3:24. In unnecessary matters be not over curious, and in many of his
works thou shalt not be inquisitive.

3:25. For many things are shewn to thee above the understanding of men.

3:26. And the suspicion of them hath deceived many, and hath detained
their minds in vanity.

3:27. A hard heart shall fear evil at the last:  and he that loveth
danger shall perish in it.

3:28. A heart that goeth two ways shall not have success, and the
perverse of heart shall be scandalized therein.

3:29. A wicked heart shall be laden with sorrows, and the sinner will
add sin to sin.

3:30. The congregation of the proud shall not be healed:  for the plant
of wickedness shall take root in them, and it shall not be perceived.

3:31. The heart of the wise is understood in wisdom, and a good ear
will hear wisdom with all desire.

3:32. A wise heart, and which hath understanding, will abstain from
sins, and in the works of justice shall have success.

3:33. Water quencheth a flaming fire, and alms resisteth sins:

3:34. And God provideth for him that sheweth favour:  he remembereth him
afterwards, and in the time of his fall he shall find a sure stay.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 4

An exhortation to works of mercy, and to the love of wisdom.

4:1. Son, defraud not the poor of alms, and turn not away thy eyes from
the poor.

4:2. Despise not the hungry soul:  and provoke not the poor in his want.

4:3. Afflict not the heart of the needy, and defer not to gibe to him
that is in distress.

4:4. Reject not the petition of the afflicted:  and turn not away thy
face from the needy.

4:5. Turn not away thy eyes from the poor for fear of anger:  and leave
not to them that ask of thee to curse thee behind thy back.

4:6. For the prayer of him that curseth thee in the bitterness of his
soul, shall be heard, for he that made him will hear him.

4:7. Make thyself affable to the congregation of the poor, and humble
thy soul to the ancient, and bow thy head to a great man.

4:8. Bow down thy ear cheerfully to the poor, and pay what thou owest,
and answer him peaceable words with mildness.

4:9. Deliver him that suffereth wrong out of the hand of the proud:  and
be not fainthearted in thy soul.

4:10. In judging be merciful to the fatherless as a father, and as a
husband to their mother.

4:11. And thou shalt be as the obedient son of the most High, and he
will have mercy on thee more than a mother.

4:12. Wisdom inspireth life into her children, and protecteth them that
seek after her, and will go before them in the way of justice.

4:13. And he that loveth her, loveth life:  and they that watch for her,
shall embrace her sweetness.

4:14. They that hold her fast, shall inherit life:  and whithersoever
she entereth, God will give a blessing.

4:15. They that serve her, shall be servants to the holy one:  and God
loveth them that love her.

4:16. He that hearkeneth to her, shall judge nations:  and he that
looketh upon her, shall remain secure.

4:17. If he trust to her, he shall inherit her, and his generation
shall be in assurance.

4:18. For she walketh with him in temptation, and at the first she
chooseth him.

In temptation, etc. . .The meaning is, that before wisdom will choose
any for her favourite, she will try them by leading them through
contradictions, afflictions, and temptations, the usual noviceship of
the children of God.

4:19. She will bring upon him fear and dread and trial:  and she will
scourge him with the affliction of her discipline, till she try him by
her laws, and trust his soul.

4:20. Then she will strengthen him, and make a straight way to him, and
give him joy,

4:21. And will disclose her secrets to him, and will heap upon him
treasures of knowledge and understanding of justice.

4:22. But if he go astray, she will forsake him, and deliver him into
the hands of his enemy.

4:23. Son, observe the time, and fly from evil.

4:24. For thy soul be not ashamed to say the truth.

4:25. For there is a shame that bringeth sin, and there is a shame that
bringeth glory and grace.

4:26. Accept no person against thy own person, nor against thy soul a

4:27. Reverence not thy neighbour in his fall:

4:28. And refrain not to speak in the time of salvation.  Hide not thy
wisdom in her beauty.

4:29. For by the tongue wisdom is discerned:  and understanding, and
knowledge, and learning by the word of the wise, and steadfastness in
the works of justice.

4:30. In nowise speak against the truth, but be ashamed of the lie of
thy ignorance.

4:31. Be not ashamed to confess thy sins, but submit not thyself to
every man for sin.

4:32. Resist not against the face of the mighty, and do not strive
against the stream of the river.

4:33. Strive for justice for thy soul, and even unto death fight for
justice, and God will overthrow thy enemies for thee.

4:34. Be not hasty in thy tongue:  and slack and remiss in thy works.

4:35. Be not as a lion in thy house, terrifying them of thy household,
and oppressing them that are under thee.

4:36. Let not thy hand be stretched out to receive, and shut when thou
shouldst give.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 5

We must not presume of our wealth or strength:  nor of the mercy of God,
to go on in sin:  we must be steadfast in virtue and truth.

5:1. Set not thy heart upon unjust possessions, and say not:  I have
enough to live on:  for it shall be of no service in the time of
vengeance and darkness.

5:2. Follow not in thy strength the desires of thy heart:

5:3. And say not:  How mighty am I?  and who shall bring me under for my
deeds?  for God will surely take revenge.

5:4. Say not:  I have sinned, and what harm hath befallen me?  for the
most High is a patient rewarder.

5:5. Be not without fear about sin forgiven, and add not sin upon sin:

5:6. And say not:  The mercy of the Lord is great, he will have mercy on
the multitude of my sins.

5:7. For mercy and wrath quickly come from him, and his wrath looketh
upon sinners.

5:8. Delay not to be converted to the Lord, and defer it not from day
to day.

5:9. For his wrath shall come on a sudden, and in the time of vengeance
he will destroy thee.

5:10. Be not anxious for goods unjustly gotten:  for they shall not
profit thee in the day of calamity and revenge.

5:11. Winnow not with every wind, and go not into every way:  for so is
every sinner proved by a double tongue.

5:12. Be steadfast in the way of the Lord, and in the truth of thy
judgment, and in knowledge, and let the word of peace and justice keep
with thee.

5:13. Be meek to hear the word, that thou mayst understand:  and return
a true answer with wisdom.

5:14. If thou have understanding, answer thy neighbour:  but if not, let
thy hand be upon thy mouth, lest thou be surprised in an unskilful
word, and be confounded.

5:15. Honour and glory is in the word of the wise, but the tongue of
the fool is his ruin.

5:16. Be not called a whisperer, and be not taken in thy tongue, and

5:17. For confusion and repentance is upon a thief, and an evil mark of
disgrace upon the double tongued, but to the whisperer hatred, and
enmity, and reproach.

5:18. Justify alike the small and the great.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 6

Of true and false friends:  and of the of the fruits of wisdom.

6:1. Instead of a friend become not an enemy to thy neighbour:  for an
evil man shall inherit reproach and shame, so shall every sinner that
is envious and double tongued.

6:2. Extol not thyself in the thoughts of thy soul like a bull:  lest
thy strength be quashed by folly,

6:3. And it eat up thy leaves, and destroy thy fruit, and thou be left
as a dry tree in the wilderness.

6:4. For a wicked soul shall destroy him that hath it, and maketh him
to be a joy to his enemies, and shall lead him into the lot of the

6:5. A sweet word multiplieth friends, and appeaseth enemies, and a
gracious tongue in a good man aboundeth.

6:6. Be in peace with many, but let one of a thousand be thy

6:7. If thou wouldst get a friend, try him before thou takest him, and
do not credit him easily.

6:8. For there is a friend for his own occasion, and he will not abide
in the day of thy trouble.

6:9. And there is a friend that turneth to enmity; and there is a
friend that will disclose hatred and strife and reproaches.

6:10. And there is a friend a companion at the table, and he will not
abide in the day of distress.

6:11. A friend if he continue steadfast, shall be to thee as thyself,
and shall act with confidence among them of thy household.

6:12. If he humble himself before thee, and hide himself from thy face,
thou shalt have unanimous friendship for good.

6:13. Separate thyself from thy enemies, and take heed of thy friends.

6:14. A faithful friend is a strong defence:  and he that hath found
him, hath found a treasure.

6:15. Nothing can be compared to a faithful friend, and no weight of
gold and silver is able to countervail the goodness of his fidelity.

6:16. A faithful friend is the medicine of life and immortality:  and
they that fear the Lord, shall find him.

6:17. He that feareth God, shall likewise have good friendship:  because
according to him shall his friend be.

6:18. My son, from thy youth up receive instruction, and even to thy
grey hairs thou shalt find wisdom.

6:19. Come to her as one that plougheth, and soweth, and wait for her
good fruits:

6:20. For in working about her thou shalt labour a little, and shalt
quickly eat of her fruits.

6:21. How very unpleasant is wisdom to the unlearned, and the unwise
will not continue with her.

6:22. She shall be to them as a mighty stone of trial, and they will
cast her from them before it be long.

6:23. For the wisdom of doctrine is according to her name, and she is
not manifest unto many, but with them to whom she is known, she
continueth even to the sight of God.

6:24. Give ear, my son, and take wise counsel, and cast not away my

6:25. Put thy feet into her fetters, and thy neck into her chains:

6:26. Bow down thy shoulder, and bear her, and be not grieved with her

6:27. Come to her with all thy mind, and keep her ways with all thy

6:28. Search for her, and she shall be made known to thee, and when
thou hast gotten her, let her not go:

6:29. For in the latter end thou shalt find rest in her, and she shall
be turned to thy joy.

6:30. Then shall her fetters be a strong defence for thee, and a firm
foundation, and her chain a robe of glory:

6:31. For in her is the beauty of life, and her bands are a healthful

6:32. Thou shalt put her on as a robe of glory, and thou shalt set her
upon thee as a crown of joy.

6:33. My son, if thou wilt attend to me, thou shalt learn:  and if thou
wilt apply thy mind, thou shalt be wise.

6:34. If thou wilt incline thy ear, thou shalt receive instruction:  and
if thou love to hear, thou shalt be wise.

6:35. Stand in the multitude of ancients that are wise, and join
thyself from thy heart to their wisdom, that thou mayst hear every
discourse of God, and the sayings of praise may not escape thee.

6:36. And if thou see a man of understanding, go to him early in the
morning, and let thy foot wear the steps of his doors.

6:37. Let thy thoughts be upon the precepts of God, and meditate
continually on his commandments:  and he will give thee a heart, and the
desire of wisdom shall be given to thee.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 7

Religious and moral duties.

7:1. Do no evils, and no evils shall lay hold of thee.

7:2. Depart from the unjust, and evils shall depart from thee.

7:3. My son, sow not evils in the furrows of injustice, and thou shalt
not reap them sevenfold.

7:4. Seek not of the Lord a preeminence, nor of the king the seat of

7:5. Justify not thyself before God, for he knoweth the heart:  and
desire not to appear wise before the king.

7:6. Seek not to be made a judge, unless thou have strength enough to
extirpate iniquities:  lest thou fear the person of the powerful, and
lay a stumblingblock for thy integrity.

7:7. Offend not against the multitude of a city, neither cast thyself
in upon the people,

7:8. Nor bind sin to sin:  for even in one thou shalt not be unpunished.

7:9. Be not fainthearted in thy mind:

7:10. Neglect not to pray, and to give alms.

7:11. Say not:  God will have respect to the multitude of my gifts, and
when I offer to the most high God, he will accept my offerings.

7:12. Laugh no man to scorn in the bitterness of his soul:  for there is
one that humbleth and exalteth, God who seeth all.

7:13. Devise not a lie against thy brother:  neither do the like against
thy friend.

7:14. Be not willing to make any manner of lie:  for the custom thereof
is not good.

7:15. Be not full of words in a multitude of ancients, and repeat not
the word in thy prayer.

Repeat not, etc. . .Make not much babbling by repetition of words:  but
aim more at fervour of heart.

7:16. Hate not laborious works, nor husbandry ordained by the most

7:17. Number not thyself among the multitude of the disorderly.

7:18. Remember wrath, for it will not tarry long.

7:19. Humble thy spirit very much:  for the vengeance on the flesh of
the ungodly is fire and worms.

7:20. Do not transgress against thy friend deferring money, nor despise
thy dear brother for the sake of gold.

7:21. Depart not from a wise and good wife, whom thou hast gotten in
the fear of the Lord:  for the grace of her modesty is above gold.

7:22. Hurt not the servant that worketh faithfully, nor the hired man
that giveth thee his life.

7:23. Let a wise servant be dear to thee as thy own soul, defraud him
not of liberty, nor leave him needy.

7:24. Hast thou cattle?  have an eye to them:  and if they be for thy
profit, keep them with thee.

7:25. Hast thou children?  instruct them, and bow down their neck from
their childhood.

7:26. Hast thou daughters?  have a care of their body, and shew not thy
countenance gay towards them.

7:27. Marry thy daughter well, and thou shalt do a great work, and give
her to a wise man.

7:28. If thou hast a wife according to thy soul, cast her not off:  and
to her that is hateful, trust not thyself.  With thy whole heart,

7:29. Honour thy father, and forget not the groanings of thy mother:

7:30. Remember that thou hadst not been born but through them:  and make
a return to them as they have done for thee.

7:31. With all thy soul fear the Lord, and reverence his priests.

7:32. With all thy strength love him that made thee:  and forsake not
his ministers.

7:33. Honour God with all thy soul and give honour to the priests, and
purify thyself with thy arms.

Thy arms. . .That is, with all thy power:  or else by arms (brachiis) are
here signified the right shoulders of the victims, which by the law
fell to the priests.  See ver. 35.

7:34. Give them their portion, as it is commanded thee, of the
firstfruits and of purifications:  and for thy negligences purify
thyself with a few.

7:35. Offer to the Lord the gift of thy shoulders, and the sacrifice of
sanctification, and the firstfruits of the holy things:

7:36. And stretch out thy hand to the poor, that thy expiation and thy
blessing may be perfected.

7:37. A gift hath grace in the sight of all the living, and restrain
not grace from the dead.

And restrain not grace from the dead. . .That is, withhold not from them
the benefit of alms, prayers, and sacrifices.  Such was the doctrine and
practice of the church of God even in the time of the Old Testament.
And the same has always been continued from the days of the apostles in
the church of the New Testament.

7:38. Be not wanting in comforting them that weep, and walk with them
that mourn.

7:39. Be not slow to visit the sick:  for by these things thou shalt be
confirmed in love.

7:40. In all thy works remember thy last end, and thou shalt never sin.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 8

Other lessons of wisdom and virtue.

8:1. Strive not with a powerful man, lest thou fall into his hands.

8:2. Contend not with a rich man, lest he bring an action against thee.

8:3. For gold and silver hath destroyed many, and hath reached even to
the heart of kings, and perverted them.

8:4. Strive not with a man that is full of tongue, and heap not wood
upon his fire.

8:5. Communicate not with an ignorant man, lest he speak ill of thy

8:6. Despise not a man that turneth away from sin, nor reproach him
therewith:  remember that we are all worthy of reproof.

8:7. Despise not a man in his old age; for we also shall become old.

8:8. Rejoice not at the death of thy enemy; knowing that we all die,
and are not willing that others should rejoice at our death.

8:9. Despise not the discourse of them that are ancient and wise, but
acquaint thyself with their proverbs.

8:10. For of them thou shalt learn wisdom, and instruction of
understanding, and to serve great men without blame.

8:11. Let not the discourse of the ancients escape thee, for they have
learned of their fathers:

8:12. For of them thou shalt learn understanding, and to give an answer
in time of need.

8:13. Kindle not the coals of sinners by rebuking them, lest thou be
burnt with the flame of the fire of their sins.

8:14. Stand not against the face of an injurious person, lest he sit as
a spy to entrap thee in thy words.

8:15. Lend not to a man that is mightier than thyself:  and if thou
lendest, count it as lost.

8:16. Be not surety above thy power:  and if thou be surety, think as if
thou wert to pay it.

8:17. Judge not against a judge:  for he judgeth according to that which
is just.

8:18. Go not on the way with a bold man, lest he burden thee with his
evils:  for he goeth according to his own will, and thou shalt perish
together with his folly.

8:19. Quarrel not with a passionate man, and go not into the desert
with a bold man:  for blood is as nothing in his sight, and where there
is no help he will overthrow thee.

8:20. Advise not with fools, for they cannot love but such things as
please them.

8:21. Before a stranger do no matter of counsel:  for thou knowest not
what he will bring forth.

8:22. Open not thy heart to every man:  lest he repay thee with an evil
turn, and speak reproachfully to thee.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 9

Cautions with regard to women, and dangerous conversations.

9:1. Be not jealous over the wife of thy bosom, lest she shew in thy
regard the malice of a wicked lesson.

9:2. Give not the power of thy soul to a woman, lest she enter upon thy
strength, and thou be confounded.

9:3. Look not upon a woman that hath a mind for many:  lest thou fall
into her snares.

9:4. Use not much the company of her that is a dancer, and hearken not
to her, lest thou perish by the force of her charms.

9:5. Gaze not upon a maiden, lest her beauty be a stumblingblock to

9:6. Give not thy soul to harlots in any point:  lest thou destroy
thyself and thy inheritance.

9:7. Look not round about thee in the ways of the city, nor wander up
and down in the streets thereof.

9:8. Turn away thy face from a woman dressed up, and gaze not about
upon another's beauty.

9:9. For many have perished by the beauty of a woman, and hereby lust
is enkindled as a fire.

9:10. Every woman that is a harlot, shall be trodden upon as dung in
the way.

9:11. Many by admiring the beauty of another man's wife, have become
reprobate, for her conversation burneth as fire.

9:12. Sit not at all with another man's wife, nor repose upon the bed
with her:

9:13. And strive not with her over wine, lest thy heart decline towards
her and by thy blood thou fall into destruction.

9:14. Forsake not an old friend, for the new will not be like to him.

9:15. A new friend is as new wine:  it shall grow old, and thou shalt
drink it with pleasure.

9:16. Envy not the glory and riches of a sinner:  for thou knowest not
what his ruin shall be.

9:17. Be not pleased with the wrong done by the unjust, knowing that
even to hell the wicked shall not please.

9:18. Keep thee far from the man that hath power to kill, so thou shalt
not suspect the fear of death.

9:19. And if thou come to him, commit no fault, lest he take away thy

9:20. Know it to be a communication with death:  for thou art going in
the midst of snares, and walking upon the arms of them that are

9:21. According to thy power beware of thy neighbour, and treat with
the wise and prudent.

9:22. Let just men be thy guests, and let thy glory be in the fear of

9:23. And let the thought of God be in thy mind, and all thy discourse
on the commandments of the Highest.

9:24. Works shall be praised for the hand of the artificers, and the
prince of the people for the wisdom of his speech, but the word of the
ancients for the sense.

9:25. A man full of tongue is terrible in his city, and he that is rash
in his word shall be hateful.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 10

The virtues and vices of men in power:  the great evil of pride.

10:1. A wise judge shall judge his people, and the government of a
prudent man shall be steady.

Judge his people. . .In the Greek it is, instruct his people.

10:2. As the judge of the people is himself, so also are his ministers:
and what manner of man the ruler of a city is, such also are they that
dwell therein.

10:3. An unwise king shall be the ruin of his people:  and cities shall
be inhabited through the prudence of the rulers.

10:4. The power of the earth is in the hand of God, and in his time he
will raise up a profitable ruler over it.

10:5. The prosperity of man is in the hand of God, and upon the person
of the scribe he shall lay his honour.

The scribe. . .That is, the man that is wise and learned in the law.

10:6. Remember not any injury done thee by thy neighbour, and do thou
nothing by deeds of injury.

10:7. Pride is hateful before God and men:  and all iniquity of nations
is execrable.

10:8. A kingdom is translated from one people to another, because of
injustices, and wrongs, and injuries, and divers deceits.

10:9. But nothing is more wicked than the covetous man.  Why is earth,
and ashes proud?

10:10. There is not a more wicked thing than to love money:  for such a
one setteth even his own soul to sale:  because while he liveth he hath
cast away his bowels.

10:11. All power is of short life.  A long sickness is troublesome to
the physician.

10:12. The physician cutteth off a short sickness:  so also a king is to
day, and to morrow he shall die.

10:13. For when a man shall die, he shall inherit serpents, and beasts,
and worms.

10:14. The beginning of the pride of man, is to fall off from God:

10:15. Because his heart is departed from him that made him:  for pride
is the beginning of all sin:  he that holdeth it, shall be filled with
maledictions, and it shall ruin him in the end.

10:16. Therefore hath the Lord disgraced the assemblies of the wicked,
and hath utterly destroyed them.

10:17. God hath overturned the thrones of proud princes, and hath set
up the meek in their stead.

10:18. God hath made the roots of proud nations to wither, and hath
planted the humble of these nations.

10:19. The Lord hath overthrown the lands of the Gentiles, and hath
destroyed them even to the foundation.

10:20. He hath made some of them to wither away, and hath destroyed
them, and hath made the memory of them to cease from the earth.

10:21. God hath abolished the memory of the proud, and hath preserved
the memory of them that are humble in mind.

10:22. Pride was not made for men:  nor wrath for the race of women.

10:23. That seed of men shall be honoured, which feareth God:  but that
seed shall be dishonoured, which transgresseth the commandments of the

10:24. In the midst of brethren their chief is honourable:  so shall
they that fear the Lord, be in his eyes.

10:25. The fear of God is the glory of the rich, and of the honourable,
and of the poor.

10:26. Despise not a just man that is poor, and do not magnify a sinful
man that is rich.

10:27. The great man, and the judge, and the mighty is in honour:  and
there is none greater than he that feareth God.

10:28. They that are free shall serve a servant that is wise:  and a man
that is prudent and well instructed will not murmur when he is
reproved; and he that is ignorant, shall not be honoured.

10:29. Extol not thyself in doing thy work, and linger not in the time
of distress;

10:30. Better is he that laboureth, and aboundeth in all things, than
he that boasteth himself and wanteth bread.

10:31. My son, keep thy soul in meekness, and give it honour according
to its desert.

10:32. Who will justify him that sinneth against his own soul?  and who
will honour him that dishonoureth his own soul?

10:33. The poor man is glorified by his discipline and fear, and there
is a man that is honoured for his wealth.

10:34. But he that is glorified in poverty, how much more in wealth?
and he that is glorified in wealth, let him fear poverty.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 11

Lessons of humility and moderation in all things.

11:1. The wisdom of the humble shall exalt his head, and shall make him
sit in the midst of great men.

11:2. Praise not a man for his beauty, neither despise a man for his

11:3. The bee is small among flying things but her fruit hath the
chiefest sweetness.

11:4. Glory not in apparel at any time, and be not exalted in the day
of thy honour:  for the works of the Highest only are wonderful, and his
works are glorious, and secret, and hidden.

11:5. Many tyrants have sat on the throne, and he whom no man would
think on, hath worn the crown.

11:6. Many mighty men have been greatly brought down, and the glorious
have been delivered into the hand of others.

11:7. Before thou inquire, blame no man:  and when thou hast inquired,
reprove justly.

11:8. Before thou hear, answer not a word:  and interrupt not others in
the midst of their discourse.

11:9. Strive not in a matter which doth not concern thee, and sit not
in judgment with sinners.

11:10. My son, meddle not with many matters:  and if thou be rich, thou
shalt not be free from sin:  for if thou pursue after thou shalt not
overtake; and if thou run before thou shalt not escape.

11:11. There is an ungodly man that laboureth, and maketh haste, and is
in sorrow, and is so much the more in want.

11:12. Again, there is an inactive man that wanteth help, is very weak
in ability, and full of poverty:

11:13. Yet the eye of God hath looked upon him for good, and hath
lifted him up from his low estate, and hath exalted his head:  and many
have wondered at him, and have glorified God.

11:14. Good things and evil, life and death, poverty and riches, are
from God.

11:15. Wisdom and discipline, and the knowledge of the law are with
God.  Love and the ways of good things are with him.

11:16. Error and darkness are created with sinners:  and they that glory
in evil things, grow old in evil.

11:17. The gift of God abideth with the just, and his advancement shall
have success for ever.

11:18. There is one that is enriched by living sparingly, and this is
the portion of his reward.

11:19. In that he saith:  I have found me rest, and now I will eat of my
goods alone:

11:20. And he knoweth not what time shall pass, and that death
approacheth, and that he must leave all to others, and shall die.

11:21. Be steadfast in thy covenant, and be conversant therein, and
grow old in the work of thy commandments.

11:22. Abide not in the works of sinners.  But trust in God, and stay in
thy place,

11:23. For it is easy in the eyes of God on a sudden to make the poor
man rich.

11:24. The blessing of God maketh haste to reward the just, and in a
swift hour his blessing beareth fruit.

11:25. Say not:  What need I, and what good shall I have by this?

11:26. Say not:  I am sufficient for myself:  and what shall I be made
worse by this?

11:27. In the day of good things be not unmindful of evils:  and in the
day of evils be not unmindful of good things:

11:28. For it is easy before God in the day of death to reward every
one according to his ways.

11:29. The affliction of an hour maketh one forget great delights, and
in the end of a man is the disclosing of his works.

11:30. Praise not any man before death, for a man is known by his

11:31. Bring not every man into thy house:  for many are the snares of
the deceitful.

11:32. For as corrupted bowels send forth stinking breath, and as the
partridge is brought into the cage, and as the roe into the snare:  so
also is the heart of the proud, and as a spy that looketh on the fall
of his neighbour.

11:33. For he lieth in wait and turneth good into evil, and on the
elect he will lay a blot.

11:34. Of one spark cometh a great fire, and of one deceitful man much
blood:  and a sinful man lieth in wait for blood.

11:35. Take heed to thyself of a mischievous man, for he worketh evils:
lest he bring upon thee reproach for ever.

11:36. Receive a stranger in, and he shall overthrow thee with a
whirlwind, and shall turn thee out of thy own.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 12

We are to be liberal to the just:  and not to trust the wicked.

12:1. If thou do good, know to whom thou dost it, and there shall be
much thanks for thy good deeds.

12:2. Do good to the just, and thou shalt find great recompense:  and if
not of him, assuredly of the Lord.

12:3. For there is no good for him that is always occupied in evil, and
that giveth no alms:  for the Highest hateth sinners, and hath mercy on
the penitent.

12:4. Give to the merciful and uphold not the sinner:  God will repay
vengeance to the ungodly and to sinners, and keep them against the day
of vengeance.

12:5. Give to the good, and receive not a sinner.

12:6. Do good to the humble, and give not to the ungodly:  hold back thy
bread, and give it not to him, lest thereby he overmaster thee.

12:7. For thou shalt receive twice as much evil for all the good thou
shalt have done to him:  for the Highest also hateth sinners, and will
repay vengeance to the ungodly.

12:8. A friend shall not be known in prosperity, and an enemy shall not
be hidden in adversity.

12:9. In the prosperity of a man, his enemies are grieved:  and a friend
is known in his adversity.

12:10. Never trust thy enemy for as a brass pot his wickedness rusteth:

12:11. Though he humble himself and go crouching, yet take good heed
and beware of him.

12:12. Set him not by thee, neither let him sit on thy right hand, lest
he turn into thy place, and seek to take thy seat and at the last thou
acknowledge my words, and be pricked with my sayings.

12:13. Who will pity an enchanter struck by a serpent, or any that come
near wild beasts?  so is it with him that keepeth company with a wicked
man, and is involved in his sins.

12:14. For an hour he will abide with thee:  but if thou begin to
decline, he will not endure it.

12:15. An enemy speaketh sweetly with his lips, but in his heart he
lieth in wait, to throw thee into a pit.

12:16. An enemy weepeth with his eyes:  but if he find an opportunity he
will not be satisfied with blood:

12:17. And if evils come upon thee, thou shalt find him there first.

12:18. An enemy hath tears in his eyes, and while he pretendeth to help
thee, will undermine thy feet.

12:19. He will shake his head, and clap his hands, and whisper much,
and change his countenance.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 13

Cautions in the choice of company.

13:1. He that toucheth pitch, shall be defiled with it:  and he that
hath fellowship with the proud, shall put on pride.

13:2. He shall take a burden upon him that hath fellowship with one
more honourable than himself.  And have no fellowship with one that is
richer than thyself.

13:3. What agreement shall the earthen pot have with the kettle?  for if
they knock one against the other, it shall be broken.

13:4. The rich man hath done wrong, and yet he will fume:  but the poor
is wronged and must hold his peace.

13:5. If thou give, he will make use of thee:  and if thou have nothing,
he will forsake thee.

13:6. If thou have any thing, he will live with thee, and will make
thee bare, and he will not be sorry for thee.

13:7. If he have need of thee he will deceive thee, and smiling upon
thee will put thee in hope; he will speak thee fair, and will say:  What
wantest thou?

13:8. And he will shame thee by his meats, till he have drawn thee dry
twice or thrice, and at last he will laugh at thee:  and afterward when
he seeth thee, he will forsake thee, and shake his head at thee.

13:9. Humble thyself to God, and wait for his hands.

13:10. Beware that thou be not deceived into folly, and be humbled.

13:11. Be not lowly in thy wisdom, lest being humbled thou be deceived
into folly.

13:12. If thou be invited by one that is mightier, withdraw thyself:
for so he will invite thee the more.

13:13. Be not troublesome to him, lest thou be put back:  and keep not
far from him, lest thou be forgotten.

13:14. Affect not to speak with him as an equal, and believe not his
many words:  for by much talk he will sift thee, and smiling will
examine thee concerning thy secrets.

13:15. His cruel mind will lay up thy words:  and he will not spare to
do thee hurt, and to cast thee into prison.

13:16. Take heed to thyself, and attend diligently to what thou
hearest:  for thou walkest in danger of thy ruin.

13:17. When thou hearest those things, see as it were in sleep, and
thou shalt awake.

13:18. Love God all thy life, and call upon him for thy salvation.

13:19. Every beast loveth its like:  so also every man him that is
nearest to himself.

13:20. All flesh shall consort with the like to itself, and every man
shall associate himself to his like.

13:21. If the wolf shall at any time have fellowship with the lamb, so
the sinner with the just.

13:22. What fellowship hath a holy man with a dog, or what part hath
the rich with the poor?

13:23. The wild ass is the lion's prey in the desert:  so also the poor
are devoured by the rich.

13:24. And as humility is an abomination to the proud:  so also the rich
man abhorreth the poor.

13:25. When a rich man is shaken, he is kept up by his friends:  but
when a poor man is fallen down, he is thrust away even by his

13:26. When a rich man hath been deceived, he hath many helpers:  he
hath spoken proud things, and they have justified him.

13:27. The poor man was deceived, and he is rebuked also:  he hath
spoken wisely, and could have no place.

13:28. The rich man spoke, and all held their peace, and what he said
they extol even to the clouds.

13:29. The poor man spoke, and they say:  Who is this?  and if he
stumble, they will overthrow him.

13:30. Riches are good to him that hath no sin in his conscience:  and
poverty is very wicked in the mouth of the ungodly.

13:31. The heart of a man changeth his countenance, either for good, or
for evil.

13:32. The token of a good heart, and a good countenance thou shalt
hardly find, and with labour.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 14

The evil of avarice:  works of mercy are recommended, and the love of

14:1. Blessed is the man that hath not slipped by a word out of his
mouth, and is not pricked with the remorse of sin.

14:2. Happy is he that hath had no sadness of his mind, and who is not
fallen from his hope.

14:3. Riches are not comely for a covetous man and a niggard, and what
should an envious man do with gold?

14:4. He that gathereth together by wronging his own soul, gathereth
for others, and another will squander away his goods in rioting.

14:5. He that is evil to himself, to whom will he be good?  and he shall
not take pleasure in his goods.

14:6. There is none worse than he that envieth himself, and this is the
reward of his wickedness:

14:7. And if he do good, he doth it ignorantly, and unwillingly:  and at
the last he discovereth his wickedness.

14:8. The eye of the envious is wicked:  and he turneth away his face,
and despiseth his own soul.

14:9. The eye of the covetous man is insatiable in his portion of
iniquity:  he will not be satisfied till he consume his own soul, drying
it up.

14:10. An evil eye is towards evil things:  and he shall not have his
fill of bread, but shall be needy and pensive at his own table.

14:11. My son, if thou have any thing, do good to thyself, and offer to
God worthy offerings.

14:12. Remember that death is not slow, and that the covenant of hell
hath been shewn to thee:  for the covenant of this world shall surely

Covenant of hell. . .The decree by which all are to go down to the
regions of death.

14:13. Do good to thy friend before thou die, and according to thy
ability, stretching out thy hand give to the poor.

14:14. Defraud not thyself of the good day, and let not the part of a
good gift overpass thee.

14:15. Shalt thou not leave to others to divide by lot thy sorrows and

14:16. Give and take, and justify thy soul.

14:17. Before thy death work justice:  for in hell there is no finding

14:18. All flesh shall fade as grass, and as the leaf that springeth
out on a green tree.

14:19. Some grow, and some fall off:  so is the generation of flesh and
blood, one cometh to an end, and another is born.

14:20. Every work that is corruptible shall fail in the end:  and the
worker thereof shall go with it.

14:21. And every excellent work shall be justified:  and the worker
thereof shall be honoured therein.

14:22. Blessed is the man that shall continue in wisdom, and that shall
meditate in his justice, and in his mind shall think of the all seeing
eye of God.

14:23. He that considereth her ways in his heart, and hath
understanding in her secrets, who goeth after her as one that traceth,
and stayeth in her ways.

14:24. He who looketh in at her windows, and hearkeneth at her door.

14:25. He that lodgeth near her house, and fastening a pin in her walls
shall set up his tent high unto her, where good things shall rest in
his lodging for ever.

14:26. He shall set his children under her shelter, and shall lodge
under her branches:

14:27. He shall be protected under her covering from the heat, and
shall rest in her glory.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 15

Wisdom embraceth them that fear God.  God is not the author of sin.

15:1. He that feareth God, will do good:  and he that possesseth
justice, shall lay hold on her,

15:2. And she will meet him as an honourable mother, and will receive
him as a wife married of a virgin.

15:3. With the bread of life and understanding, she shall feed him, and
give him the water of wholesome wisdom to drink:  and she shall be made
strong in him, and he shall not be moved.

15:4. And she shall hold him fast, and he shall not be confounded:  and
she shall exalt him among his neighbours.

15:5. And in the midst of the church she shall open his mouth, and
shall fill him with the spirit of wisdom and understanding, and shall
clothe him with a robe of glory.

15:6. She shall heap upon him a treasure of joy and gladness, and shall
cause him to inherit an everlasting name.

15:7. But foolish men shall not obtain her, and wise men shall meet
her, foolish men shall not see her:  for she is far from pride and

15:8. Lying men shall be mindful of her:  but men that speak truth shall
be found with her, and shall advance, even till they come to the sight
of God.

15:9. Praise is not seemly in the mouth of a sinner:

15:10. For wisdom came forth from God:  for praise shall be with the
wisdom of God, and shall abound in a faithful mouth, and the sovereign
Lord will give praise unto it.

15:11. Say not:  It is through God, that she is not with me:  for do not
thou the things that he hateth.

15:12. Say not:  He hath caused me to err:  for he hath no need of wicked

15:13. The Lord hateth all abomination of error, and they that fear him
shall not love it.

15:14. God made man from the beginning, and left him in the hand of his
own counsel.

15:15. He added his commandments and precepts.

15:16. If thou wilt keep the commandments and perform acceptable
fidelity for ever, they shall preserve thee.

15:17. He hath set water and fire before thee:  stretch forth thy hand
to which thou wilt.

15:18. Before man is life and death, good and evil, that which he shall
choose shall be given him:

15:19. For the wisdom of God is great, and he is strong in power,
seeing all men without ceasing.

15:20. The eyes of the Lord are towards them that fear him, and he
knoweth al the work of man.

15:21. He hath commanded no man to do wickedly, and he hath given no
man license to sin;

15:22. For he desireth not a multitude of faithless and unprofitable

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 16

It is better to have none than many wicked children.  Of the justice and
mercy of God.  His ways are unsearchable.

16:1. Rejoice not in ungodly children, if they be multiplied:  neither
be delighted in them, if the fear of God be not with them.

16:2. Trust not to their life, and respect not their labours.

16:3. For better is one that feareth God, than a thousand ungodly

16:4. And it is better to die without children, than to leave ungodly

16:5. By one that is wise a country shall be inhabited, the tribe of
the ungodly shall become desolate.

16:6. Many such things hath my eyes seen, and greater things than these
my ear hath heard.

16:7. In the congregation of sinners a fire shall be kindled, and in an
unbelieving nation wrath shall flame out.

16:8. The ancient giants did not obtain pardon for their sins, who were
destroyed trusting to their own strength:

16:9. And he spared not the place where Lot sojourned, but abhorred
them for the pride of their word.

16:10. He had not pity on them, destroying the whole nation that
extolled themselves in their sins.

16:11. So did he with the six hundred thousand footmen, who were
gathered together in the hardness of their heart:  and if one had been
stiffnecked, it is a wonder if he had escaped unpunished:

Six hundred thousand footmen, etc. . .Viz., the children of Israel, whom
he sentenced to die in the wilderness.  Num. 14.

16:12. For mercy and wrath are with him.  He is mighty to forgive, and
to pour out indignation:

16:13. According as his mercy is, so his correction judgeth a man
according to his works.

16:14. The sinner shall not escape in his rapines, and the patience of
him that sheweth mercy shall not be put off.

16:15. All mercy shall make a place for every man according to the
merit of his works, and according to the wisdom of his sojournment.

16:16. Say not:  I shall be hidden from God, and who shall remember me
from on high?

16:17. In such a multitude I shall not be known:  for what is my soul in
such an immense creation?

16:18. Behold the heaven, and the heavens of heavens, the deep, and all
the earth, and the things that are in them, shall be moved in his

16:19. The mountains also, and the hills, and the foundations of the
earth:  when God shall look upon them, they shall be shaken with

16:20. And in all these things the heart is senseless:  and every heart
is understood by him.

16:21. And his ways who shall understand, and the storm, which no eye
of man shall see?

16:22. For many of his works are hidden, but the works of his justice
who shall declare?  or who shall endure?  for the testament is far from
some, and the examination of all is in the end.

16:23. He that wanteth understanding thinketh vain things, and the
foolish, and erring man, thinketh foolish things.

16:24. Hearken to me, my son, and learn the discipline of
understanding, and attend to my words in thy heart.

16:25. And I will shew forth good doctrine in equity, and will seek to
declare wisdom:  and attend to my words in thy heart, whilst with equity
of spirit I tell thee the virtues that God hath put upon his works from
the beginning, and I shew forth in truth his knowledge.

16:26. The works of God are done in judgment from the beginning, and
from the making of them he distinguished their parts, and their
beginnings in their generations.

16:27. He beautified their works for ever, they have neither hungered,
nor laboured, and they have not ceased from their works.

16:28. Nor shall any of them straiten his neighbour at any time.

16:29. Be not thou incredulous to his word.

16:30. After this God looked upon the earth, and filled it with his

16:31. The soul of every living thing hath shewn forth before the face
thereof, and into it they return again.

Shewn forth. . .Viz., the glory and power of God upon the earth.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 17

The creation and favour of God to man.  An exhortation to turn to God.

17:1. God created man of the earth, and made him after his own image.

17:2. And he turned him into it again, and clothed him with strength
according to himself.

17:3. He gave him the number of his days and time, and gave him power
over all things that are upon the earth.

17:4. He put the fear of him upon all flesh, and he had dominion over
beasts and fowls.

17:5. He created of him a helpmate like to himself, he gave them
counsel, and a tongue, and eyes, and ears, and a heart to devise:  and
he filled them with the knowledge of understanding.

17:6. He created in them the science of the spirit, he fired their
heart with wisdom, and shewed them both good and evil.

17:7. He set his eye upon their hearts to shew them the greatness of
his works:

17:8. That they might praise the name which he hath sanctified:  and
glory in his wondrous act that they might declare the glorious things
of his works.

17:9. Moreover he gave them instructions, and the law of life for an

17:10. He made an everlasting covenant with them, and he shewed them
his justice and judgments.

17:11. And their eye saw the majesty of his glory, and their ears heard
his glorious voice, and he said to them:  Beware of all iniquity.

Their eye saw, etc. . .Viz., when he gave the law on mount Sinai.

17:12. And he gave to every one of them commandment concerning his

17:13. Their ways are always before him, they are not hidden from his

17:14. Over every nation he set a ruler.

17:15. And Israel was made the manifest portion of God.

17:16. And all their works are as the sun in the sight of God:  and his
eyes are continually upon their ways.

17:17. Their covenants were not hid by their iniquity, and all their
iniquities are in the sight of God.

17:18. The alms of a man is as a signet with him, and shall preserve
the grace of a man as the apple of the eye:

17:19. And afterward he shall rise up, and shall render them their
reward, to every one upon their own head, and shall turn them down into
the bowels of the earth.

17:20. But to the penitent he hath given the way of justice, and he
hath strengthened them that were fainting in patience, and hath
appointed to them the lot of truth.

17:21. Turn to the Lord, and forsake thy sins:

17:22. Make thy prayer before the face of the Lord, and offend less.

Offend less. . .Minue offendicula.  That is, remove sins and the
occasions of sins.

17:23. Return to the Lord, and turn away from thy injustice, and
greatly hate abomination.

17:24. And know the justices and judgments of God, and stand firm in
the lot set before thee, and in prayer to the most high God.

17:25. Go to the side of the holy age, with them that live and give
praise to God.

Go to the side, etc. . .Fly from the side of Satan and sin, and join
with the holy ones, that follow God and godliness.

17:26. Tarry not in the error of the ungodly, give glory before death.
Praise perisheth from the dead as nothing.

17:27. Give thanks whilst thou art living, whilst thou art alive and in
health thou shalt give thanks, and shalt praise God, and shalt glory in
his mercies.

17:28. How great is the mercy of the Lord, and his forgiveness to them
that turn to him !

17:29. For all things cannot be in men, because the son of man is not
immortal, and they are delighted with the vanity of evil.

17:30. What is brighter than the sun; yet it shall be eclipsed.  Or what
is more wicked than that which flesh and blood hath invented?  and this
shall be reproved.

17:31. He beholdeth the power of the height of heaven:  and all men are
earth and ashes.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 18

God's works are wonderful:  we must serve him, and not our lusts.

18:1. He that liveth for ever created all things together.  God only
shall be justified, and he remaineth an invincible king for ever.

18:2. Who is able to declare his works?

18:3. For who shall search out his glorious acts?

18:4. And who shall show forth the power of his majesty?  or who shall
be able to declare his mercy?

18:5. Nothing may be taken away, nor added, neither is it possible to
find out the glorious works of God.

18:6. When a man hath done, then shall he begin:  and when he leaveth
off, he shall be at a loss.

Then shall he begin. . .God is so great and incomprehensible, that when
man has done all that he can to find out his greatness and boundless
perfections, he is still to begin:  for what he has found out, is but a
mere nothing in comparison with his infinity.

18:7. What is man, and what is his grace?  and what is his good, or what
is his evil?

18:8. The number of the days of men at the most are a hundred years, as
a drop of water of the sea are they esteemed:  and as a pebble of the
sand, so are a few years compared to eternity.

18:9. Therefore God is patient in them, and poureth forth his mercy
upon them.

18:10. He hath seen the presumption of their heart that it is wicked,
and hath known their end that it is evil.

18:11. Therefore hath he filled up his mercy in their favour, and hath
shewn them the way of justice.

18:12. The compassion of man is toward his neighbour:  but the mercy of
God is upon all flesh.

18:13. He hath mercy, and teacheth, and correcteth, as a shepherd doth
his flock.

18:14. He hath mercy on him that receiveth the discipline of mercy, and
that maketh haste in his judgments.

18:15. My son, in thy good deeds, make no complaint, and when thou
givest any thing, add not grief by an evil word.

18:16. Shall not the dew assuage the heat?  so also the good word is
better than the gift.

18:17. Lo, is not a word better than a gift?  but both are with a
justified man.

18:18. A fool will upbraid bitterly:  and a gift of one ill taught
consumeth the eyes.

18:19. Before judgment prepare thee justice, and learn before thou

18:20. Before sickness take a medicine, and before judgment examine
thyself, and thou shalt find mercy in the sight of God.

18:21. Humble thyself before thou art sick, and in the time of sickness
shew thy conversation.

18:22. Let nothing hinder thee from praying always, and be not afraid
to be justified even to death:  for the reward of God continueth for

18:23. Before prayer prepare thy soul:  and be not as a man that
tempteth God.

18:24. Remember the wrath that shall be at the last day, and the time
of repaying when he shall turn away his face.

18:25. Remember poverty in the time of abundance, and the necessities
of poverty in the day of riches.

18:26. From the morning until the evening the time shall be changed,
and all these are swift in the eyes of God.

18:27. A wise man will fear in every thing, and in the days of sins
will beware of sloth.

18:28. Every man of understanding knoweth wisdom, and will give praise
to him that findeth her.

18:29. They that were of good understanding in words, have also done
wisely themselves:  and have understood truth and justice, and have
poured forth proverbs and judgments.

18:30. Go not after thy lusts, but turn away from thy own will.

18:31. If thou give to thy soul her desires, she will make thee a joy
to thy enemies.

18:32. Take no pleasure in riotous assemblies, be they ever so small:
for their concertation is continual.

18:33. Make not thyself poor by borrowing to contribute to feasts when
thou hast nothing in thy purse:  for thou shalt be an enemy to thy own

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 19

Admonition against sundry vices.

19:1. A workman that is a drunkard shall not be rich:  and he that
contemneth small things, shall fall by little and little.

19:2. Wine and women make wise men fall off, and shall rebuke the

19:3. And he that joineth himself to harlots, will be wicked.
Rottenness and worms shall inherit him, and he shall be lifted up for a
greater example, and his soul shall be taken away out of the number.

19:4. He that is hasty to give credit, is light of heart, and shall be
lessened:  and he that sinneth against his own soul, shall be despised.

19:5. He that rejoiceth in iniquity, shall be censured, and he that
hateth chastisement, shall have less life:  and he that hateth babbling,
extinguisheth evil.

19:6. He that sinneth against his own soul, shall repent:  and he that
is delighted with wickedness, shall be condemned.

19:7. Rehearse not again a wicked and harsh word, and thou shalt not
fare the worse.

19:8. Tell not thy mind to friend or foe:  and if there be a sin with
thee, disclose it not.

19:9. For he will hearken to thee, and will watch thee, and as it were
defending thy sin he will hate thee, and so will he be with thee

19:10. Hast thou heard a word against thy neighbour?  let it die within
thee, trusting that it will not burst thee.

19:11. At the hearing of a word the fool is in travail, as a woman
groaning in the bringing forth a child.

19:12. As an arrow that sticketh in a man's thigh:  so is a word in the
heart of a fool.

19:13. Reprove a friend, lest he may not have understood, and say:  I
did it not:  or if he did it, that he may do it no more.

19:14. Reprove thy neighbour, for it may be he hath not said it:  and if
he hath said it, that he may not say it again.

19:15. Admonish thy friend:  for there is often a fault committed.

19:16. And believe not every word.  There is one, that slippeth with the
tongue, but not from his heart.

19:17. For who is there that hath not offended with his tongue?
Admonish thy neighbour before thou threaten him.

19:18. And give place to the fear of the most High:  for the fear of God
is all wisdom, and therein is to fear God, and the disposition of the
law is in all wisdom.

19:19. But the learning of wickedness is not wisdom:  and the device of
sinners is not prudence.

19:20. There is a subtle wickedness, and the same is detestable:  and
there is a man that is foolish, wanting in wisdom.

19:21. Better is a man that hath less wisdom, and wanteth
understanding, with the fear of God, than he that aboundeth in
understanding, and transgresseth the law of the most High.

19:22. There is an exquisite subtilty, and the same is unjust.

19:23. And there is one that uttereth an exact word telling the truth.
There is one that humbleth himself wickedly, and his interior is full
of deceit:

19:24. And there is one that submitteth himself exceedingly with a
great lowliness:  and there is one that casteth down his countenance,
and maketh as if he did not see that which is unknown:

19:25. And if he be hindered from sinning for want of power, if he
shall find opportunity to do evil, he will do it.

19:26. A man is known by his look, and a wise man, when thou meetest
him, is known by his countenance.

19:27. The attire of the body, and the laughter of the teeth, and the
gait of the man, shew what he is.

19:28. There is a lying rebuke in the anger of an injurious man:  and
there is a judgment that is not allowed to be good:  and there is one
that holdeth his peace, he is wise.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 20

Rules with regard to correction, discretion, and avoiding lies.

20:1. How much better is it to reprove, than to be angry, and not to
hinder him that confesseth in prayer.

20:2. The lust of an eunuch shall deflour a young maiden:

20:3. So is he that by violence executeth of the unwise.

20:4. How good is it, when thou art reproved, to shew repentance! for
so thou shalt escape wilful sin.

20:5. There is one that holdeth his peace, that is found wise:  and
there is another that is hateful, that is bold in speech.

20:6. There is one that holdeth his peace, because he knoweth not what
to say:  and there is another that holdeth his peace, knowing the proper

20:7. A wise man will hold his peace till he see opportunity:  but a
babbler, and a fool, will regard no time.

20:8. He that useth many words shall hurt his own soul:  and he that
taketh authority to himself unjustly shall be hated.

20:9. There is success in evil things to a man without discipline, and
there is a finding that turneth to loss.

20:10. There is a gift that is not profitable:  and there is a gift, the
recompense of which is double.

20:11. There is an abasement because of glory:  and there is one that
shall lift up his head from a low estate.

20:12. There is that buyeth much for a small price, and restoreth the
same sevenfold.

20:13. A man wise in words shall make himself beloved:  but the graces
of fools shall be poured out.

20:14. The gift of the fool shall do thee no good:  for his eyes are

20:15. He will give a few things, and upbraid much:  and the opening of
his mouth is the kindling of a fire.

20:16. To day a man lendeth, and to morrow he asketh it again:  such a
man as this is hateful.

20:17. A fool shall have no friend, and there shall be no thanks for
his good deeds.

20:18. For they that eat his bread, are of a false tongue.  How often,
and how many will laugh him to scorn!

20:19. For he doth not distribute with right understanding that which
was to be had:  in like manner also that which was not to be had.

20:20. The slipping of a false tongue is as one that falleth on the
pavement:  so the fall of the wicked shall come speedily.

20:21. A man without grace is as a vain fable, it shall be continually
in the mouth of the unwise.

20:22. A parable coming out of a fool's mouth shall be rejected:  for he
doth not speak it in due season.

20:23. There is that is hindered from sinning through want, and in his
rest he shall be pricked.

20:24. There is that will destroy his own soul through shamefacedness,
and by occasion of an unwise person he will destroy it:  and by respect
of person he will destroy himself.

20:25. There is that for bashfulness promiseth to his friend, and
maketh him his enemy for nothing.

20:26. A lie is a foul blot in a man, and yet it will be continually in
the mouth of men without discipline.

20:27. A thief is better than a man that is always lying:  but both of
them shall inherit destruction.

20:28. The manners of lying men are without honour:  and their confusion
is with them without ceasing.

20:29. A wise man shall advance himself with his words, and a prudent
man shall please the great ones.

20:30. He that tilleth his land shall make a high heap of corn:  and he
that worketh justice shall be exalted:  and he that pleaseth great men
shall escape iniquity.

20:31. Presents and gifts blind the eyes of judges, and make them dumb
in the mouth, so that they cannot correct.

20:32. O Wisdom that is hid, and treasure that is not seen:  what profit
is there in them both?

20:33. Better is he that hideth his folly, than the man that hideth his

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 21

Cautions against sin in general, and some sins in particular.

21:1. My son, hast thou sinned?  do so no more:  but for thy former sins
also pray that they may be forgiven thee.

21:2. Flee from sins as from the face of a serpent:  for if thou comest
near them, they will take hold of thee.

21:3. The teeth thereof are the teeth of a lion, killing the souls of

21:4. All iniquity is like a two-edged sword, there is no remedy for
the wound thereof.

21:5. Injuries and wrongs will waste riches:  and the house that is very
rich shall be brought to nothing by pride:  so the substance of the
proud shall be rooted out.

21:6. The prayer out of the mouth of the poor shall reach the ears of
God, and judgment shall come for him speedily.

21:7. He that hateth to be reproved walketh in the trace of a sinner:
and he that feareth God will turn to his own heart.

21:8. He that is mighty by a bold tongue is known afar off, but a wise
man knoweth to slip by him.

21:9. He that buildeth his house at other men's charges, is as he that
gathereth himself stones to build in the winter.

21:10. The congregation of sinners is like tow heaped together, and the
end of them is a flame of fire.

21:11. The way of sinners is made plain with stones, and in their end
is hell, and darkness, and pains.

21:12. He that keepeth justice shall get the understanding thereof.

21:13. The perfection of the fear of God is wisdom and understanding.

21:14. He that is not wise in good, will not be taught.

21:15. But there is a wisdom that aboundeth in evil:  and there is no
understanding where there is bitterness.

21:16. The knowledge of a wise man shall abound like a flood, and his
counsel continueth like a fountain of life.

21:17. The heart of a fool is like a broken vessel, and no wisdom at
all shall it hold.

21:18. A man of sense will praise every wise word he shall hear, and
will apply it to himself:  the luxurious man hath heard it, and it shall
displease him, and he will cast it behind his back.

21:19. The talking of a fool is like a burden in the way:  but in the
lips of the wise, grace shall be found.

21:20. The mouth of the prudent is sought after in the church, and they
will think upon his words in their hearts.

21:21. As a house that is destroyed, so is wisdom to a fool:  and the
knowledge of the unwise is as words without sense.

21:22. Doctrine to a fool is as fetters on the feet, and like manacles
on the right hand.

21:23. A fool lifteth up his voice in laughter:  but a wise man will
scarce laugh low to himself.

21:24. Learning to the prudent is as an ornament of gold, and like a
bracelet upon his right arm.

21:25. The foot of a fool is soon in his neighbour's house:  but a man
of experience will be abashed at the person of the mighty.

21:26. A fool will peep through the window into the house:  but he that
is well taught will stand without.

21:27. It is the folly of a man to hearken at the door:  and a wise man
will be grieved with the disgrace.

21:28. The lips of the unwise will be telling foolish things:  but the
words of the wise shall be weighed in a balance.

21:29. The heart of fools is in their mouth:  and the mouth of wise men
is in their heart.

21:30. While the ungodly curseth the devil, he curseth his own soul.

While the ungodly, etc. . .He condemneth and curseth himself:  inasmuch
as by sin he takes part with the devil, and is, as it were, his member
and subject.

21:31. The talebearer shall defile his own soul, and shall be hated by
all:  and he that shall abide with him shall be hateful:  the silent and
wise man shall be honoured.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 22

Wise sayings on divers subjects.

22:1. The sluggard is pelted with a dirty stone, and all men will speak
of his disgrace.

22:2. The sluggard is pelted with the dung of oxen:  and every one that
toucheth him will shake his hands.

22:3. A son ill taught is the confusion of the father:  and a foolish
daughter shall be to his loss.

22:4. A wise daughter shall bring an inheritance to her husband:  but
she that confoundeth, becometh a disgrace to her father.

22:5. She that is bold shameth both her father and husband, and will
not be inferior to the ungodly:  and shall be disgraced by them both.

22:6. A tale out of time is like music in mourning:  but the stripes and
instruction of wisdom are never out of time.

22:7. He that teacheth a fool, is like one that glueth a potsherd

22:8. He that telleth a word to him that heareth not, is like one that
waketh a man out of a deep sleep.

22:9. He speaketh with one that is asleep, who uttereth wisdom to a
fool:  and in the end of the discourse he saith:  Who is this?

22:10. Weep for the dead, for his light hath failed:  and weep for the
fool, for his understanding faileth.

For the fool. . .In the language of the Holy Ghost, he is styled a fool,
that turns away from God to follow vanity and sin.  And what is said by
the wise man against fools is meant of such fools as these.

22:11. Weep but a little for the dead, for he is at rest.

22:12. For the wicked life of a wicked fool is worse than death.

22:13. The mourning for the dead is seven days:  but for a fool and an
ungodly man all the days of their life.

22:14. Talk not much with a fool and go not with him that hath no

22:15. Keep thyself from him, that thou mayst not have trouble, and
thou shalt not be defiled with his sin.

22:16. Turn away from him, and thou shalt find rest, and shalt not be
wearied out with his folly.

22:17. What is heavier than lead?  and what other name hath he but fool?

22:18. Sand and salt, and a mass of iron is easier to bear, than a man
without sense, that is both foolish and wicked.

22:19. A frame of wood bound together in the foundation of a building,
shall not be loosed:  so neither shall the heart that is established by
advised counsel.

22:20. The thought of him that is wise at all times, shall not be
depraved by fear.

22:21. As pales set in high places, and plasterings made without cost,
will not stand against the face of the wind:

22:22. So also a fearful heart in the imagination of a fool shall not
resist against the violence of fear.

22:23. As a fearful heart in the thought of a fool at all times will
not fear, so neither shall he that continueth always in the
commandments of God.

22:24. He that pricketh the eye, bringeth out tears:  and he that
pricketh the heart, bringeth forth resentment.

22:25. He that flingeth a stone at birds, shall drive them away:  so he
that upbraideth his friend, breaketh friendship.

22:26. Although thou hast drawn a sword at a friend, despair not:  for
there may be a returning.  To a friend,

22:27. If thou hast opened a sad mouth, fear not, for there may be a
reconciliation:  except upbraiding, and reproach, and pride, and
disclosing of secrets, or a treacherous wound:  for in all these cases a
friend will flee away.

22:28. Keep fidelity with a friend in his poverty, that in his
prosperity also thou mayst rejoice.

22:29. In the time of his trouble continue faithful to him, that thou
mayst also be heir with him in his inheritance.

22:30. As the vapour of a chimney, and the smoke of the fire goeth up
before the fire:  so also injurious words, and reproaches, and threats,
before blood.

22:31. I will not be ashamed to salute a friend, neither will I hide
myself from his face:  and if any evil happen to me by him, I will bear

22:32. But every one that shall hear it, will beware of him.

22:33. Who will set a guard before my mouth, and a sure seal upon my
lips, that I fall not by them, and that my tongue destroy me not?

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 23

A prayer for grace to flee sin:  cautions against profane swearing and
other vices.

23:1. O Lord, father, and sovereign ruler of my life, leave me not to
their counsel:  nor suffer me to fall by them.

By them. . .Viz., the tongue and the lips, mentioned in the last verse
of the foregoing chapter.

23:2. Who will set scourges over my thoughts, and the discipline of
wisdom over my heart, that they spare me not in their ignorances, and
that their sins may not appear:

That they spare me not in their ignorances, etc. . .That is, that the
scourges and discipline of wisdom may restrain the ignorances, that is,
the slips and offences which are usually committed by the tongue and
the lips.

23:3. Lest my ignorances increase, and my offences be multiplied, and
my sins abound, and I fall before my adversaries, and my enemy rejoice
over me?

23:4. O Lord, father, and God of my life, leave me not to their

23:5. Give me not haughtiness of my eyes, and turn away from me all

23:6. Take from me the greediness of the belly, and let not the lusts
of the flesh take hold of me, and give me not over to a shameless and
foolish mind.

23:7. Hear, O ye children, the discipline of the mouth, and he that
will keep it shall not perish by his lips, nor be brought to fall into
most wicked works.

23:8. A sinner is caught in his own vanity, and the proud and the evil
speakers shall fall thereby.

23:9. Let not thy mouth be accustomed to swearing:  for in it there are
many falls.

23:10. And let not the naming of God be usual in thy mouth, and meddle
not with the names of saints, for thou shalt not escape free from them.

23:11. For as a slave daily put to the question, is never without a
blue mark:  so every one that sweareth, and nameth, shall not be wholly
pure from sin.

23:12. A man that sweareth much, shall be filled with iniquity, and a
scourge shall not depart from his house.

23:13. And if he make it void, his sin shall be upon him, and if he
dissemble it, he offendeth double:

23:14. And if he swear in vain, he shall not be justified:  for his
house shall be filled with his punishment.

23:15. There is also another speech opposite to death, let it not be
found in the inheritance of Jacob.

23:16. For from the merciful all these things shall be taken away, and
they shall not wallow in sins.

23:17. Let not thy mouth be accustomed to indiscreet speech:  for
therein is the word of sin.

23:18. Remember thy father and thy mother, for thou sittest in the
midst of great men:

23:19. Lest God forget thee in their sight, and thou, by thy daily
custom be infatuated and suffer reproach:  and wish that thou hadst not
been born, and curse the day of thy nativity.

23:20. The man that is accustomed to opprobrious words, will never be
corrected all the days of his life.

23:21. Two sorts of men multiply sins, and the third bringeth wrath and

23:22. A hot soul is a burning fire, it will never be quenched, till it
devour some thing.

23:23. And a man that is wicked in the mouth of his flesh, will not
leave off till he hath kindled a fire.

23:24. To a man that is a fornicator all bread is sweet, he will not be
weary of sinning unto the end.

23:25. Every man that passeth beyond his own bed, despising his own
soul, and saying:  Who seeth me?

23:26. Darkness compasseth me about, and the walls cover me, and no man
seeth me:  whom do I fear?  the most High will not remember my sins.

23:27. And he understandeth not that his eye seeth all things, for such
a man's fear driveth him from the fear of God, and the eyes of men
fearing him:

23:28. And he knoweth not that the eyes of the Lord are far brighter
than the sun, beholding round about all the ways of men, and the bottom
of the deep, and looking into the hearts of men, into the most hidden

23:29. For all things were known to the Lord God, before they were
created:  so also after they were perfected he beholdeth all things.

23:30. This man shall be punished in the streets of the city, and he
shall be chased as a colt:  and where he suspected not, he shall be

23:31. And he shall be in disgrace with all men, because he understood
not the fear of the Lord.

23:32. So every woman also that leaveth her husband, and bringeth in an
heir by another:

23:33. For first she hath been unfaithful to the law of the most High:
and secondly, she hath offended against her husband:  thirdly, she hath
fornicated in adultery, and hath gotten her children of another man.

23:34. This woman shall be brought into the assembly, and inquisition
shall be made of her children.

23:35. Her children shall not take root, and her branches shall bring
forth no fruit.

23:36. She shall leave her memory to be cursed, and her infamy shall
not be blotted out.

23:37. And they that remain shall know, that there is nothing better
than the fear of God:  and that there is nothing sweeter than to have
regard to the commandments of the Lord.

23:38. It is great glory to follow the Lord:  for length of days shall
be received from him.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 24

Wisdom praiseth herself:  her origin, her dwelling, her dignity, and her

24:1. Wisdom shall praise her own self, and shall be honoured in God,
and shall glory in the midst of her people,

24:2. And shall open her mouth in the churches of the most High, and
shall glorify herself in the sight of his power,

24:3. And in the midst of her own people she shall be exalted, and
shall be admired in the holy assembly.

24:4. And in the multitude of the elect she shall have praise, and
among the blessed she shall be blessed, saying:

24:5. I came out of the mouth of the most High, the firstborn before
all creatures:

24:6. I made that in the heavens there should rise light that never
faileth, and as a cloud I covered all the earth:

24:7. I dwelt in the highest places, and my throne is in a pillar of a

24:8. I alone have compassed the circuit of heaven, and have penetrated
into the bottom of the deep, and have walked in the waves of the sea,

24:9. And have stood in all the earth:  and in every people,

24:10. And in every nation I have had the chief rule:

24:11. And by my power I have trodden under my feet the hearts of all
the high and low:  and in all these I sought rest, and I shall abide in
the inheritance of the Lord.

24:12. Then the creator of all things commanded, and said to me:  and he
that made me, rested in my tabernacle,

24:13. And he said to me:  Let thy dwelling be in Jacob, and thy
inheritance in Israel, and take root in my elect.

24:14. From the beginning, and before the world, was I created, and
unto the world to come I shall not cease to be, and in the holy
dwelling place I have ministered before him.

24:15. And so was I established in Sion, and in the holy city likewise
I rested, and my power was in Jerusalem.

24:16. And I took root in an honourable people, and in the portion of
my God his inheritance, and my abode is in the full assembly of saints.

24:17. I was exalted like a cedar in Libanus, and as a cypress tree on
mount Sion.

24:18. I was exalted like a palm tree in Cades, and as a rose plant in

24:19. As a fair olive tree in the plains, and as a plane tree by the
water in the streets, was I exalted.

24:20. I gave a sweet smell like cinnamon, and aromatical balm:  I
yielded a sweet odour like the best myrrh:

24:21. And I perfumed my dwelling as storax, and galbanum, and onyx,
and aloes, and as the frankincense not cut, and my odour is as the
purest balm.

24:22. I have stretched out my branches as the turpentine tree, and my
branches are of honour and grace.

24:23. As the vine I have brought forth a pleasant odour:  and my
flowers are the fruit of honour and riches.

24:24. I am the mother of fair love, and of fear, and of knowledge, and
of holy hope.

24:25. In me is all grace of the way and of the truth, in me is all
hope of life and of virtue.

24:26. Come over to me, all ye that desire me, and be filled with my

24:27. For my spirit is sweet above honey, and my inheritance above
honey and the honeycomb.

24:28. My memory is unto everlasting generations.

24:29. They that eat me, shall yet hunger:  and they that drink me,
shall yet thirst.

24:30. He that hearkeneth to me, shall not be confounded:  and they that
work by me, shall not sin.

24:31. They that explain me shall have life everlasting.

24:32. All these things are the book of life, and the covenant of the
most High, and the knowledge of truth.

24:33. Moses commanded a law in the precepts of justices, and an
inheritance to the house of Jacob, and the promises to Israel.

24:34. He appointed to David his servant to raise up of him a most
mighty king, and sitting on the throne of glory for ever.

A most mighty king. . .Viz., Christ, who by his gospel, like an
overflowing river, has enriched the earth with heavenly wisdom.

24:35. Who filleth up wisdom as the Phison, and as the Tigris in the
days of the new fruits.

24:36. Who maketh understanding to abound as the Euphrates, who
multiplieth it as the Jordan in the time of harvest.

24:37. Who sendeth knowledge as the light, and riseth up as Gehon in
the time of the vintage.

24:38. Who first hath perfect knowledge of her, and a weaker shall not
search her out.

Who first hath perfect knowledge of her. . .Christ was the first that
had perfect knowledge of heavenly wisdom.

24:39. For her thoughts are more vast than the sea, and her counsels
more deep than the great ocean.

24:40. I, wisdom, have poured out rivers.

24:41. I, like a brook out of a river of a mighty water; I, like a
channel of a river, and like an aqueduct, came out of paradise.

24:42. I said:  I will water my garden of plants, and I will water
abundantly the fruits of my meadow.

24:43. And behold my brook became a great river, and my river came near
to a sea:

24:44. For I make doctrine to shine forth to all as the morning light,
and I will declare it afar off.

24:45. I will penetrate to all the lower parts of the earth, and will
behold all that sleep, and will enlighten all that hope in the Lord.

24:46. I will yet pour out doctrine as prophecy, and will leave it to
them that seek wisdom, and will not cease to instruct their offspring
even to the holy age.

24:47. See ye that I have not laboured myself only, but for all that
seek out the truth.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 25

Documents of wisdom on several subjects.

25:1. With three things my spirit is pleased, which are approved before
God and men:

25:2. The concord of brethren, and the love of neighbours, and man and
wife that agree well together.

25:3. Three sorts my soul hateth, and I am greatly grieved at their

25:4. A poor man that is proud:  a rich man that is a liar:  an old man
that is a fool, and doting.

25:5. The things that thou hast not gathered in thy youth, how shalt
thou find them in thy old age?

25:6. O how comely is judgment for a grey head, and for ancients to
know counsel!

25:7. O how comely is wisdom for the aged, and understanding and
counsel to men of honour!

25:8. Much experience is the crown of old men, and the fear of God is
their glory.

25:9. Nine things that are not to be imagined by the heart have I
magnified, and the tenth I will utter to men with my tongue.

25:10. A man that hath joy of his children:  and he that liveth and
seeth the fall of his enemies.

25:11. Blessed is he that dwelleth with a wise woman, and that hath not
slipped with his tongue, and that hath not served such as are unworthy
of him.

25:12. Blessed is he that findeth a true friend, and that declareth
justice to an ear that heareth.

25:13. How great is he that findeth wisdom and knowledge! but there is
none above him that feareth the Lord.

25:14. The fear of God hath set itself above all things:

25:15. Blessed is the man, to whom it is given to have the fear of God:
he that holdeth it, to whom shall he be likened?

25:16. The fear of God is the beginning of his love:  and the beginning
of faith is to be fast joined unto it.

25:17. The sadness of the heart is every plague:  and the wickedness of
a woman is all evil.

25:18. And a man will choose any plague, but the plague of the heart:

25:19. And any wickedness, but the wickedness of a woman:

25:20. And any affliction, but the affliction from them that hate him:

25:21. And any revenge, but the revenge of enemies.

25:22. There is no head worse than the head of a serpent:

25:23. And there is no anger above the anger of a woman.  It will be
more agreeable to abide with a lion and a dragon, than to dwell with a
wicked woman.

25:24. The wickedness of a woman changeth her face:  and she darkeneth
her countenance as a bear:  and sheweth it like sackcloth.  In the midst
of her neighbours,

25:25. Her husband groaned, and hearing he sighed a little.

25:26. All malice is short to the malice of a woman, let the lot of
sinners fall upon her.

25:27. As the climbing of a sandy way is to the feet of the aged, so is
a wife full of tongue to a quiet man.

25:28. Look not upon a woman's beauty, and desire not a woman for

25:29. A woman's anger, and impudence, and confusion is great.

25:30. A woman, if she have superiority, is contrary to her husband.

25:31. A wicked woman abateth the courage, and maketh a heavy
countenance, and a wounded heart.

25:32. Feeble hands, and disjointed knees, a woman that doth not make
her husband happy.

25:33. From the woman came the beginning of sin, and by her we all die.

25:34. Give no issue to thy water, no, not a little:  nor to a wicked
woman liberty to gad abroad.

25:35. If she walk not at thy hand, she will confound thee in the sight
of thy enemies.

25:36. Cut her off from thy flesh, lest she always abuse thee.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 26

Of good and bad women.

26:1. Happy is the husband of a good wife:  for the number of his years
is double.

26:2. A virtuous woman rejoiceth her husband, and shall fulfil the
years of his life in peace.

26:3. A good wife is a good portion, she shall be given in the portion
of them that fear God, to a man for his good deeds.

26:4. Rich or poor, if his heart is good, his countenance shall be
cheerful at all times.

26:5. Of three things my heart hath been afraid, and at the fourth my
face hath trembled:

26:6. The accusation of a city, and the gathering together of the

26:7. And a false calumny, all are more grievous than death.

26:8. A jealous woman is the grief and mourning of the heart.

26:9. With a jealous woman is a scourge of the tongue which
communicateth with all.

26:10. As a yoke of oxen that is moved to and fro, so also is a wicked
woman:  he that hath hold of her, is as he that taketh hold of a

26:11. A drunken woman is a great wrath:  and her reproach and shame
shall not be hid.

26:12. The fornication of a woman shall be known by the haughtiness of
her eyes and by her eyelids.

26:13. On a daughter that turneth not away herself, set a strict watch:
lest finding an opportunity she abuse herself.

26:14. Take heed of the impudence of her eyes, and wonder not if she
slight thee.

26:15. She will open her mouth as a thirsty traveller to the fountain,
and will drink of every water near her, and will sit down by every
hedge, and open her quiver against every arrow, until she fail.

26:16. The grace of a diligent woman shall delight her husband, and
shall fat his bones.

26:17. Her discipline is the gift of God.

26:18. Such is a wise and silent woman, and there is nothing so much
worth as a well instructed soul.

26:19. A holy and shamefaced woman is grace upon grace.

26:20. And no price is worthy of a continent soul.

26:21. As the sun when it riseth to the world in the high places of
God, so is the beauty of a good wife for the ornament of her house.

26:22. As the lamp shining upon the holy candlestick, so is the beauty
of the face in a ripe age,

26:23. As golden pillars upon bases of silver, so are the firm feet
upon the soles of a steady woman.

26:24. As everlasting foundations upon a solid rock, so the
commandments of God in the heart of a holy woman.

26:25. At two things my heart is grieved, and the third bringeth anger
upon me.

26:26. A man of war fainting through poverty, and a man of sense

26:27. And he that passeth over from justice to sin, God hath prepared
such an one for the sword.

26:28. Two sorts of callings have appeared to me hard and dangerous:  a
merchant is hardly free from negligence:  and a huckster shall not be
justified from the sins of the lips.

From negligence. . .That is, from the neglect of the service of God:
because the eager pursuit of the mammon of this world, is apt to make
men of that calling forget the great duties of loving God above all
things, and their neighbours as themselves.--Ibid.  A huckster. . .Or, a
retailer of wine.  Men of that profession are both greatly exposed to
danger of sin themselves, and are too often accessary to the sins of

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 27

Dangers of sin from several heads:  the fear of God is the best
preservative.  He that diggeth a pit, shall fall into it.

27:1. Through poverty many have sinned:  and he that seeketh to be
enriched, turneth away his eye.

27:2. As a stake sticketh fast in the midst of the joining of stones,
so also in the midst of selling and buying, sin shall stick fast.

27:3. Sin shall be destroyed with the sinner.

27:4. Unless thou hold thyself diligently in the fear of the Lord, thy
house shall quickly be overthrown.

27:5. As when one sifteth with a sieve, the dust will remain:  so will
the perplexity of a man in his thoughts.

27:6. The furnace trieth the potter's vessels, and the trial of
affliction just men.

27:7. As the dressing of a tree sheweth the fruit thereof, so a word
out of the thought of the heart of man.

27:8. Praise not a man before he speaketh, for this is the trial of

27:9. If thou followest justice, thou shalt obtain her:  and shalt put
her on as a long robe of honour, and thou shalt dwell with her:  and she
shall protect thee for ever, and in the day of acknowledgment thou
shalt find a strong foundation.

27:10. Birds resort unto their like:  so truth will return to them that
practise her.

27:11. The lion always lieth in wait for prey:  so do sins for them that
work iniquities.

27:12. A holy man continueth in wisdom as the sun:  but a fool is
changed as the moon.

27:13. In the midst of the unwise keep in the word till its time:  but
be continually among men that think.

27:14. The discourse of sinners is hateful, and their laughter is at
the pleasures of sin.

27:15. The speech that sweareth much shall make the hair of the head
stand upright:  and its irreverence shall make one stop his ears.

27:16. In the quarrels of the road is the shedding of blood:  and their
cursing is a grievous hearing.

27:17. He that discloseth the secret of a friend loseth his credit, and
shall never find a friend to his mind.

27:18. Love thy neighbour, and be joined to him with fidelity.

27:19. But if thou discover his secrets, follow no more after him.

27:20. For as a man that destroyeth his friend, so is he that
destroyeth the friendship of his neighbour.

27:21. And as one that letteth a bird go out of his hand, so hast thou
let thy neighbour go, and thou shalt not get him again.

27:22. Follow after him no more, for he is gone afar off, he is fled,
as a roe escaped out of the snare because his soul is wounded.

27:23. Thou canst no more bind him up.  And of a curse there is

And of a curse there is reconciliation. . .That is, it is easier to
obtain a reconciliation after a curse, than after disclosing a secret.

27:24. But to disclose the secrets of a friend, leaveth no hope to an
unhappy soul.

27:25. He that winketh with the eye forgeth wicked things, and no man
will cast him off:

27:26. In the sight of thy eyes he will sweeten his mouth, and will
admire thy words:  but at the last he will writhe his mouth, and on thy
words he will lay a stumblingblock.

27:27. I have hated many things but not like him, and the Lord will
hate him.

27:28. If one cast a stone on high, it will fall upon his own head:  and
the deceitful stroke will wound the deceitful.

27:29. He that diggeth a pit, shall fall into it:  and he that setteth a
stone for his neighbour, shall stumble upon it:  and he that layeth a
snare for another, shall perish in it.

27:30. A mischievous counsel shall be rolled back upon the author, and
he shall not know from whence it cometh to him.

27:31. Mockery and reproach are of the proud, and vengeance as a lion
shall lie in wait for him.

27:32. They shall perish in a snare that are delighted with the fall of
the just:  and sorrow shall consume them before they die.

27:33. Anger and fury are both of them abominable, and the sinful man
shall be subject to them.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 28

Lessons against revenge and quarrels.  The evils of the tongue.

28:1. He that seeketh to revenge himself, shall find vengeance from the
Lord, and he will surely keep his sins in remembrance.

28:2. Forgive thy neighbour if he hath hurt thee:  and then shall thy
sins be forgiven to thee when thou prayest.

28:3. Man to man reserveth anger, and doth he seek remedy of God?

28:4. He hath no mercy on a man like himself, and doth he entreat for
his own sins?

28:5. He that is but flesh, nourisheth anger, and doth he ask
forgiveness of God?  who shall obtain pardon for his sins?

28:6. Remember thy last things, and let enmity cease:

28:7. For corruption and death hang over in his commandments.

In his commandments. . .Supply the sentence out of the Greek thus:
Remember corruption and death, and abide in the commandments.

28:8. Remember the fear of God, and be not angry with thy neighbour.

28:9. Remember the covenant of the most High, and overlook the
ignorance of thy neighbour.

28:10. Refrain from strife, and thou shalt diminish thy sins.

28:11. For a passionate man kindleth strife, and a sinful man will
trouble his friends, and bring in debate in the midst of them that are
at peace.

28:12. For as the wood of the forest is, so the fire burneth, and as a
man's strength is, so shall his anger be, and according to his riches
he shall increase his anger.

28:13. A hasty contention kindleth a fire and a hasty quarrel sheddeth
blood and a tongue that beareth witness bringeth death.

28:14. If thou blow the spark, it shall burn as a fire:  and if thou
spit upon it, it shall be quenched:  both come out of the mouth.

28:15. The whisperer and the double tongue is accursed:  for he hath
troubled many that were at peace.

28:16. The tongue of a third person hath disquieted many, and scattered
them from nation to nation.

28:17. It hath destroyed the strong cities of the rich, and hath
overthrown the houses of great men.

28:18. It hath cut in pieces the forces of people, and undone strong

28:19. The tongue of a third person hath cast out valiant women, and
deprived them of their labours.

28:20. He that hearkeneth to it, shall never have rest, neither shall
he have a friend in whom he may repose.

28:21. The stroke of a whip maketh a blue mark:  but the stroke of the
tongue will break the bones.

28:22. Many have fallen by the edge of the sword, but not so many as
have perished by their own tongue.

28:23. Blessed is he that is defended from a wicked tongue, that hath
not passed into the wrath thereof, and that hath not drawn the yoke
thereof, and hath not been bound in its bands.

28:24. For its yoke is a yoke of iron:  and its bands are bands of

28:25. The death thereof is a most evil death:  and hell is preferable
to it.

28:26. Its continuance shall not be for a long time, but it shall
possess the ways of the unjust:  and the just shall not be burnt with
its flame.

28:27. They that forsake God shall fall into it, and it shall burn in
them, and shall not be quenched, and it shall be sent upon them as a
lion, and as a leopard it shall tear them.

28:28. Hedge in thy ears with thorns, hear not a wicked tongue, and
make doors and bars to thy mouth.

28:29. Melt down thy gold and silver, and make a balance for thy words,
and a just bridle for thy mouth:

28:30. And take heed lest thou slip with thy tongue, and fall in the
sight of thy enemies who lie in wait for thee, and thy fall be
incurable unto death.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 29

Of charity in lending money, and justice in repaying.  Of alms, and of
being surety.

29:1. He that sheweth mercy, lendeth to his neighbour:  and he that is
stronger in hand, keepeth the commandments.

And he that is stronger in hand. . .That is, he that is hearty and
bountiful in lending to his neighbour in his necessity.

29:2. Lend to thy neighbour in the time of his need, and pay thou thy
neighbour again in due time.

29:3. Keep thy word, and deal faithfully with him:  and thou shalt
always find that which is necessary for thee.

29:4. Many have looked upon a thing lent as a thing found, and have
given trouble to them that helped them.

29:5. Till they receive, they kiss the hands of the lender, and in
promises they humble their voice:

29:6. But when they should repay, they will ask time, and will return
tedious and murmuring words, and will complain of the time:

29:7. And if he be able to pay, he will stand off, he will scarce pay
one half, and will count it as if he had found it:

29:8. But if not, he will defraud him of his money, and he shall get
him for an enemy without cause.

29:9. And he will pay him with reproaches and curses, and instead of
honour and good turn will repay him injuries.

29:10. Many have refused to lend, not out of wickedness, but they were
afraid to be defrauded without cause.

29:11. But yet towards the poor be thou more hearty, and delay not to
shew him mercy.

29:12. Help the poor because of the commandment:  and send him not away
empty handed because of his poverty.

29:13. Lose thy money for thy brother and thy friend:  and hide it not
under a stone to be lost.

29:14. Place thy treasure in the commandments of the most High, and it
shall bring thee more profit than gold.

29:15. Shut up alms in the heart of the poor, and it shall obtain help
for thee against all evil.

29:16. Better than the shield of the mighty, and better than the spear:

29:17. It shall fight for thee against thy enemy.

29:18. A good man is surety for his neighbour:  and he that hath lost
shame, will leave him to himself.

29:19. Forget not the kindness of thy surety:  for he hath given his
life for thee.

29:20. The sinner and the unclean fleeth from his surety.

29:21. A sinner attributeth to himself the goods of his surety:  and he
that is of an unthankful mind will leave him that delivered him.

29:22. A man is surety for his neighbour:  and when he hath lost all
shame, he shall forsake him.

29:23. Evil suretyship hath undone many of good estate, and hath tossed
them as a wave of the sea.

29:24. It hath made powerful men to go from place to place round about,
and they have wandered in strange countries.

29:25. A sinner that transgresseth the commandment of the Lord, shall
fall into an evil suretyship:  and he that undertaketh many things,
shall fall into judgment.

29:26. Recover thy neighbour according to thy power, and take heed to
thyself that thou fall not.

29:27. The chief thing for man's life is water and bread, and clothing,
and a house to cover shame.

29:28. Better is the poor man's fare under a roof of boards, than
sumptuous cheer abroad in another man's house.

29:29. Be contented with little instead of much, and thou shalt not
hear the reproach of going abroad.

29:30. It is a miserable life to go as a guest from house to house:  for
where a man is a stranger, he shall not deal confidently, nor open his

29:31. He shall entertain and feed, and give drink to the unthankful,
and moreover he shall hear bitter words.

29:32. Go, stranger, and furnish the table, and give others to eat what
thou hast in thy hand.

29:33. Give place to the honourable presence of my friends:  for I want
my house, my brother being to be lodged with me.

29:34. These things are grievous to a man of understanding:  the
upbraiding of houseroom, and the reproaching of the lender.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 30

Of correction of children.  Health is better than wealth.  Excessive
grief is hurtful.

30:1. He that loveth his son, frequently chastiseth him, that he may
rejoice in his latter end, and not grope after the doors of his

30:2. He that instructeth his son shall be praised in him, and shall
glory in him in the midst of them of his household.

30:3. He that teacheth his son, maketh his enemy jealous, and in the
midst of his friends he shall glory in him.

30:4. His father is dead, and he is as if he were not dead:  for he hath
left one behind him that is like himself.

30:5. While he lived he saw and rejoiced in him:  and when he died he
was not sorrowful, neither was he confounded before his enemies.

30:6. For he left behind him a defender of his house against his
enemies, and one that will requite kindness to his friends.

30:7. For the souls of his sons he shall bind up his wounds, and at
every cry his bowels shall be troubled.

30:8. A horse not broken becometh stubborn, and a child left to himself
will become headstrong.

30:9. Give thy son his way, and he shall make thee afraid:  play with
him, and he shall make thee sorrowful.

30:10. Laugh not with him, lest thou have sorrow, and at the last thy
teeth be set on edge.

30:11. Give him not liberty in his youth, and wink not at his devices.

30:12. Bow down his neck while he is young, and beat his sides while he
is a child, lest he grow stubborn, and regard thee not, and so be a
sorrow of heart to thee.

30:13. Instruct thy son, and labour about him, lest his lewd behaviour
be an offence to thee.

30:14. Better is a poor man who is sound, and strong of constitution,
than a rich man who is weak and afflicted with evils.

30:15. Health of the soul in holiness of justice, is better than all
gold and silver:  and a sound body, than immense revenues.

30:16. There is no riches above the riches of the health of the body:
and there is no pleasure above the joy of the heart.

30:17. Better is death than a bitter life, and everlasting rest, than
continual sickness.

30:18. Good things that are hidden in a mouth that is shut, are as
messes of meat set about a grave.

30:19. What good shall an offering do to an idol?  for it can neither
eat, nor smell:

30:20. So is he that is persecuted by the Lord, bearing the reward of
his iniquity:

30:21. He seeth with his eyes, and groaneth, as an eunuch embracing a
virgin, and sighing.

30:22. Give not up thy soul to sadness, and afflict not thyself in thy
own counsel.

30:23. The joyfulness of the heart, is the life of a man, and a never
failing treasure of holiness:  and the joy of a man is length of life.

30:24. Have pity on thy own soul, pleasing God, and contain thyself:
gather up thy heart in his holiness:  and drive away sadness far from

30:25. For sadness hath killed many, and there is no profit in it.

30:26. Envy and anger shorten a man's days, and pensiveness will bring
old age before the time.

30:27. A cheerful and good heart is always feasting:  for his banquets
are prepared with diligence.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 31

Of the desire of riches, and of moderation in eating and drinking.

31:1. Watching for riches consumeth the flesh, and the thought thereof
driveth away sleep.

31:2. The thinking beforehand turneth away the understanding, and a
grievous sickness maketh the soul sober.

31:3. The rich man hath laboured in gathering riches together, and when
he resteth he shall be filled with his goods.

31:4. The poor man hath laboured in his low way of life, and in the end
he is still poor.

31:5. He that loveth gold, shall not be justified:  and he that
followeth after corruption, shall be filled with it.

31:6. Many have been brought to fall for gold, and the beauty thereof
hath been their ruin.

31:7. Gold is a stumblingblock to them that sacrifice to it:  woe to
them that eagerly follow after it, and every fool shall perish by it.

31:8. Blessed is the rich man that is found without blemish:  and that
hath not gone after gold, nor put his trust in money nor in treasures.

31:9. Who is he, and we will praise him?  for he hath done wonderful
things in his life.

31:10. Who hath been tried thereby, and made perfect, he shall have
glory everlasting.  He that could have transgressed, and hath not
transgressed:  and could do evil things, and hath not done them:

31:11. Therefore are his goods established in the Lord, and all the
church of the saints shall declare his alms.

31:12. Art thou set at a great table?  be not the first to open thy
mouth upon it.

31:13. Say not:  There are many things which are upon it.

31:14. Remember that a wicked eye is evil.

31:15. What is created more wicked than an eye?  therefore shall it weep
over all the face when it shall see.

31:16. Stretch not out thy hand first, lest being disgraced with envy
thou be put to confusion.

31:17. Be not hasty in a feast.

31:18. Judge of the disposition of thy neighbour by thyself.

31:19. Use as a frugal man the things that are set before thee:  lest if
thou eatest much, thou be hated.

31:20. Leave off first, for manners' sake:  and exceed not, lest thou

31:21. And if thou sittest among many, reach not thy hand out first of
all, and be not the first to ask for drink.

31:22. How sufficient is a little wine for a man well taught, and in
sleeping thou shalt not be uneasy with it, and thou shalt feel no pain.

31:23. Watching, and choler, and gripes, are with an intemperate man:

31:24. Sound and wholesome sleep with a moderate man:  he shall sleep
till morning, and his soul shall be delighted with him.

31:25. And if thou hast been forced to eat much, arise, go out, and
vomit:  and it shall refresh thee, and thou shalt not bring sickness
upon thy body.

31:26. Hear me, my son, and despise me not:  and in the end thou shalt
find my words.

31:27. In all thy works be quick, and no infirmity shall come to thee.

31:28. The lips of many shall bless him that is liberal of his bread,
and the testimony of his truth is faithful.

31:29. Against him that is niggardly of his bread, the city will
murmur, and the testimony of his niggardliness is true.

31:30. Challenge not them that love wine:  for wine hath destroyed very

31:31. Fire trieth hard iron:  so wine drunk to excess shall rebuke the
hearts of the proud.

31:32. Wine taken with sobriety is equal life to men:  if thou drink it
moderately, thou shalt be sober.

31:33. What is his life, who is diminished with wine?

31:34. What taketh away life?  death.

31:35. Wine was created from the beginning to make men joyful, and not
to make them drunk.

31:36. Wine drunken with moderation is the joy of the soul and the

31:37. Sober drinking is health to soul and body.

31:38. Wine drunken with excess raiseth quarrels, and wrath, and many

31:39. Wine drunken with excess is bitterness of the soul.

31:40. The heat of drunkenness is the stumblingblock of the fool,
lessening strength and causing wounds.

31:41. Rebuke not thy neighbour in a banquet of wine:  and despise him
not in his mirth.

31:42. Speak not to him words of reproach:  and press him not in
demanding again.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 32

Lessons for superiors and inferiors.  Advantages of fearing God, and
doing nothing without counsel.

32:1. Have they made thee ruler?  be not lifted up:  be among them as one
of them.

32:2. Have care of them, and so sit down, and when thou hast acquitted
thyself of all thy charge, take thy place:

32:3. That thou mayst rejoice for them, and receive a crown as an
ornament of grace, and get the honour of the contribution.

32:4. Speak, thou that art elder:  for it becometh thee,

32:5. To speak the first word with careful knowledge, and hinder not

32:6. Where there is no hearing, pour not out words, and be not lifted
up out of season with thy wisdom.

32:7. A concert of music in a banquet of wine is as a carbuncle set in

32:8. As a signet of an emerald in a work of gold:  so is the melody of
music with pleasant and moderate wine.

32:9. Hear in silence, and for thy reverence good grace shall come to

32:10. Young man, scarcely speak in thy own cause.

32:11. If thou be asked twice, let thy answer be short.

32:12. In many things be as if thou wert ignorant, and hear in silence
and withal seeking.

32:13. In the company of great men take not upon thee:  and when the
ancients are present, speak not much.

32:14. Before a storm goeth lightning:  and before shamefacedness goeth
favour:  and for thy reverence good grace shall come to thee.

32:15. And at the time of rising be not slack:  but be first to run home
to thy house, and there withdraw thyself, and there take thy pastime.

32:16. And do what thou hast a mind, but not in sin or proud speech.

32:17. And for all these things bless the Lord, that made thee, and
that replenisheth thee with all his good things.

32:18. He that feareth the Lord, will receive his discipline:  and they
that will seek him early, shall find a blessing.

32:19. He that seeketh the law, shall be filled with it:  and he that
dealeth deceitfully, shall meet with a stumblingblock therein.

32:20. They that fear the Lord, shall find just judgment, and shall
kindle justice as a light.

32:21. A sinful man will flee reproof, and will find an excuse
according to his will.

32:22. A man of counsel will not neglect understanding, a strange and
proud man will not dread fear:

32:23. Even after he hath done with fear without counsel, he shall be
controlled by the things of his own seeking.

32:24. My son, do thou nothing without counsel, and thou shalt not
repent when thou hast done.

32:25. Go not in the way of ruin, and thou shalt not stumble against
the stones:  trust not thyself to a rugged way, lest thou set a
stumblingblock to thy soul.

32:26. And beware of thy own children, and take heed of them of thy

32:27. In every work of thine regard thy soul in faith:  for this is the
keeping of the commandments.

In faith. . .That is, follow sincerely thy soul in her faith and

32:28. He that believeth God, taketh heed to the commandments:  and he
that trusteth in him, shall fare never the worse.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 33

The fear of God is the best security.  Times and men are in the hands of
God.  Take care of thyself as long as thou livest, and look to thy

33:1. No evils shall happen to him that feareth the Lord, but in
temptation God will keep him and deliver him from evils.

33:2. A wise man hateth not the commandments and justices, and he shall
not be dashed in pieces as a ship in a storm.

33:3. A man of understanding is faithful to the law of God, and the law
is faithful to him.

33:4. He that cleareth up a question, shall prepare what to say, and so
having prayed he shall be heard, and shall keep discipline, and then he
shall answer.

33:5. The heart of a fool is as a wheel of a cart:  and his thoughts are
like a rolling axletree.

33:6. A friend that is a mocker, is like a stallion horse:  he neigheth
under every one that sitteth upon him.

33:7. Why doth one day excel another, and one light another, and one
year another year, when all come of the sun?

33:8. By the knowledge of the Lord they were distinguished, the sun
being made, and keeping his commandment.

33:9. And he ordered the seasons, and holidays of them, and in them
they celebrated festivals at an hour.

33:10. Some of them God made high and great days, and some of them he
put in the number of ordinary days.  And all men are from the ground,
and out of the earth, from whence Adam was created.

33:11. With much knowledge the Lord hath divided them and diversified
their ways.

33:12. Some of them hath he blessed, and exalted:  and some of them hath
he sanctified, and set near himself:  and some of them hath he cursed
and brought low, and turned them from their station.

33:13. As the potter's clay is in his hand, to fashion and order it:

33:14. All his ways are according to his ordering:  so man is in the
hand of him that made him, and he will render to him according to his

33:15. Good is set against evil, and life against death:  so also is the
sinner against a just man.  And so look upon all the works of the most
High.  Two and two, and one against another.

33:16. And I awaked last of all, and as one that gathereth after the

33:17. In the blessing of God I also have hoped:  and as one that
gathereth grapes, have I filled the winepress.

33:18. See that I have not laboured for myself only, but for all that
seek discipline.

33:19. Hear me, ye great men, and all ye people, and hearken with your
ears, ye rulers of the church.

33:20. Give not to son or wife, brother or friend, power over thee
while thou livest; and give not thy estate to another, lest thou
repent, and thou entreat for the same.

33:21. As long as thou livest, and hast breath in thee, let no man
change thee.

Change thee. . .That is, so as to have this power over thee.

33:22. For it is better that thy children should ask of thee, than that
thou look toward the hands of thy children.

33:23. In all thy works keep the pre-eminence.

The pre-eminence. . .That is, be master in thy own house, and part not
with thy authority.

33:24. Let no stain sully thy glory.  In the time when thou shalt end
the days of thy life, and in the time of thy decease, distribute thy

33:25. Fodder, and a wand, and a burden are for an ass:  bread, and
correction, and work for a slave.

33:26. He worketh under correction, and seeketh to rest:  let his hands
be idle, and he seeketh liberty.

33:27. The yoke and the thong bend a stiff neck, and continual labours
bow a slave.

33:28. Torture and fetters are for a malicious slave:  send him to work,
that he be not idle:

33:29. For idleness hath taught much evil.

33:30. Set him to work:  for so it is fit for him.  And if he be not
obedient, bring him down with fetters, but be not excessive towards any
one, and do no grievous thing without judgment.

33:31. If thou have a faithful servant, let him be to thee as thy own
soul:  treat him as a brother:  because in the blood of thy soul thou
hast gotten him.

33:32. If thou hurt him unjustly, he will run away:

33:33. And if he rise up and depart, thou knowest not whom to ask, and
in what way to seek him.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 34

The vanity of dreams.  The advantage of experience, and of the fear of

34:1. The hopes of a man that is void of understanding are vain and
deceitful:  and dreams lift up fools.

34:2. The man that giveth heed to lying visions, is like to him that
catcheth at a shadow, and followeth after the wind.

34:3. The vision of dreams is the resemblance of one thing to another:
as when a man's likeness is before the face of a man.

34:4. What can be made clean by the unclean?  and what truth can come
from that which is false?

34:5. Deceitful divinations and lying omens and the dreams of
evildoers, are vanity:

34:6. And the heart fancieth as that of a woman in travail:  except it
be a vision sent forth from the most High, set not thy heart upon them.

34:7. For dreams have deceived many, and they have failed that put
their trust in them.

34:8. The word of the law shall be fulfilled without a lie, and wisdom
shall be made plain in the mouth of the faithful.

34:9. What doth he know, that hath not been tried?  A man that hath much
experience, shall think of many things:  and he that hath learned many
things, shall shew forth understanding.

34:10. He that hath no experience, knoweth little:  and he that hath
been experienced in many things, multiplieth prudence.

34:11. He that hath not been tried, what manner of things doth he know?
he that hath been surprised, shall abound with subtlety.

34:12. I have seen many things by travelling, and many customs of

34:13. Sometimes I have been in danger of death for these things, and I
have been delivered by the grace of God.

34:14. The spirit of those that fear God, is sought after, and by his
regard shall be blessed.

34:15. For their hope is on him that saveth them, and the eyes of God
are upon them that love him.

34:16. He that feareth the Lord shall tremble at nothing, and shall not
be afraid:  for he is his hope.

34:17. The soul of him that feareth the Lord is blessed.

34:18. To whom doth he look, and who is his strength?

34:19. The eyes of the Lord are upon them that fear him, he is their
powerful protector, and strong stay, a defence from the heat, and a
cover from the sun at noon,

34:20. A preservation from stumbling, and a help from falling:  he
raiseth up the soul, and enlighteneth the eyes, and giveth health, and
life, and blessing.

34:21. The offering of him that sacrificeth of a thing wrongfully
gotten, is stained, and the mockeries of the unjust are not acceptable.

34:22. The Lord is only for them that wait upon him in the way of truth
and justice.

34:23. The most High approveth not the gifts of the wicked:  neither
hath he respect to the oblations of the unjust, nor will he be pacified
for sins by the multitude of their sacrifices.

34:24. He that offereth sacrifice of the goods of the poor, is as one
that sacrificeth the son in the presence of his father.

34:25. The bread of the needy, is the life of the poor:  he that
defraudeth them thereof, is a man of blood.

34:26. He that taketh away the bread gotten by sweat, is like him that
killeth his neighbour.

34:27. He that sheddeth blood, and he that defraudeth the laborer of
his hire, are brothers.

34:28. When one buildeth up, and another pulleth down:  what profit have
they but the labour?

34:29. When one prayeth, and another curseth:  whose voice will God

34:30. He that washeth himself after touching the dead, if he toucheth
him again, what doth his washing avail?

34:31. So a man that fasteth for his sins, and doth the same again,
what doth his humbling himself profit him?  who will hear his prayer?

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 35

What sacrifices are pleasing to God.

35:1. He that keepeth the law, multiplieth offerings.

35:2. It is a wholesome sacrifice to take heed to the commandments, and
to depart from all iniquity.

35:3. And to depart from injustice, is to offer a propitiatory
sacrifice for injustices, and a begging of pardon for sins.

35:4. He shall return thanks, that offereth fine flour:  and he that
doth mercy, offereth sacrifice.

35:5. To depart from iniquity is that which pleaseth the Lord, and to
depart from injustice, is an entreaty for sins.

35:6. Thou shalt not appear empty in the sight of the Lord.

35:7. For all these things are to be done because of the commandment of

35:8. The oblation of the just maketh the altar fat, and is an odour of
sweetness in the sight of the most High.

35:9. The sacrifice of the just is acceptable, and the Lord will not
forget the memorial thereof.

35:10. Give glory to God with a good heart:  and diminish not the
firstfruits of thy hands.

35:11. In every gift shew a cheerful countenance, and sanctify thy
tithes with joy.

35:12. Give to the most High according to what he hath given to thee,
and with a good eye do according to the ability of thy hands:

35:13. For the Lord maketh recompense, and will give thee seven times
as much.

35:14. Do not offer wicked gifts, for such he will not receive.

35:15. And look not upon an unjust sacrifice, for the Lord is judge,
and there is not with him respect of person.

35:16. The Lord will not accept any person against a poor man, and he
will hear the prayer of him that is wronged.

35:17. He will not despise the prayers of the fatherless:  nor the
widow, when she poureth out her complaint.

35:18. Do not the widow's tears run down the cheek, and her cry against
him that causeth them to fall?

35:19. For from the cheek they go up even to heaven, and the Lord that
heareth will not be delighted with them.

35:20. He that adoreth God with joy, shall be accepted, and his prayer
shall approach even to the clouds.

35:21. The prayer of him that humbleth himself, shall pierce the
clouds:  and till it come nigh he will not be comforted:  and he will not
depart till the most High behold.

35:22. And the Lord will not be slack, but will judge for the just, and
will do judgment:  and the Almighty will not have patience with them,
that he may crush their back:

35:23. And he will repay vengeance to the Gentiles, till he have taken
away the multitude of the proud, and broken the sceptres of the unjust,

35:24. Till he have rendered to men according to their deeds:  and
according to the works of Adam, and according to his presumption,

35:25. Till he have judged the cause of his people, and he shall
delight the just with his mercy.

35:26. The mercy of God is beautiful in the time of affliction, as a
cloud of rain in the time of drought.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 36

A prayer for the church of God.  Of a good heart, and a good wife.

36:1. Have mercy upon us, O God of all, and behold us, and shew us the
light of thy mercies:

36:2. And send thy fear upon the nations, that have not sought after
thee:  that they may know that there is no God beside thee, and that
they may shew forth thy wonders.

36:3. Lift up thy hand over the strange nations, that they may see thy

36:4. For as thou hast been sanctified in us in their sight, so thou
shalt be magnified among them in our presence,

36:5. That they may know thee, as we also have known thee, that there
is no God beside thee, O Lord.

36:6. Renew thy signs, and work new miracles.

36:7. Glorify thy hand, and thy right arm.

36:8. Raise up indignation, and pour out wrath.

36:9. Take away the adversary, and crush the enemy.

36:10. Hasten the time, and remember the end, that they may declare thy
wonderful works.

36:11. Let him that escapeth be consumed by the rage of the fire:  and
let them perish that oppress thy people.

36:12. Crush the head of the princes of the enemies that say:  There is
no other beside us.

36:13. Gather together all the tribes of Jacob:  that they may know that
there no God besides thee, and may declare thy great works:  and thou
shalt inherit them as from the beginning.

36:14. Have mercy on thy people, upon whom thy name is invoked:  and
upon Israel, whom thou hast raised up to be thy firstborn.

36:15. Have mercy on Jerusalem, the city which thou hast sanctified,
the city of thy rest.

36:16. Fill Sion with thy unspeakable words, and thy people with thy

36:17. Give testimony to them that are thy creatures from the
beginning, and raise up the prophecies which the former prophets spoke
in thy name.

36:18. Reward them that patiently wait for thee, that thy prophets may
be found faithful:  and hear the prayers of thy servants,

36:19. According to the blessing of Aaron over thy people, and direct
us into the way of justice, and let all know that dwell upon the earth,
that thou art God the beholder of all ages.

36:20. The belly will devour all meat, yet one is better than another.

36:21. The palate tasteth venison and the wise heart false speeches.

36:22. A perverse heart will cause grief, and a man of experience will
resist it.

36:23. A woman will receive every man:  yet one daughter is better than

A woman will receive every man. . .That is, any man that her parents
propose to her to marry, though she does not like him, but marries in
obedience to her parents, who make the choice for her.

36:24. The beauty of a woman cheereth the countenance of her husband,
and a man desireth nothing more.

36:25. If she have a tongue that can cure, and likewise mitigate and
shew mercy:  her husband is not like other men.

36:26. He that possesseth a good wife, beginneth a possession:  she is a
help like to himself, and a pillar of rest.

36:27. Where there is no hedge, the possession shall be spoiled:  and
where there is no wife, he mourneth that is in want.

36:28. Who will trust him that hath no rest, and that lodgeth
wheresoever the night taketh him, as a robber well appointed, that
skippeth from city to city.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 37

Of the choice of friends and counsellors.

37:1. Every friend will say:  I also am his friend:  but there is a
friend, that is only a friend in name.  Is not this a grief even to

37:2. But a companion and a friend shall be turned to an enemy.

37:3. O wicked presumption, whence camest thou to cover the earth with
thy malice, and deceitfulness?

37:4. There is a companion who rejoiceth with his friend in his joys,
but in the time of trouble, he will be against him.

37:5. There is a companion who condoleth with his friend for his
belly's sake, and he will take up a shield against the enemy.

37:6. Forget not thy friend in thy mind, and be not unmindful of him in
thy riches.

37:7. Consult not with him that layeth a snare for thee, and hide thy
counsel from them that envy thee.

37:8. Every counsellor giveth out counsel, but there is one that is a
counsellor for himself.

37:9. Beware of a counsellor.  And know before what need he hath:  for he
will devise to his own mind:

37:10. Lest he thrust a stake into the ground, and say to thee:

37:11. Thy way is good; and then stand on the other side to see what
shall befall thee.

37:12. Treat not with a man without religion concerning holiness, nor
with an unjust man concerning justice, nor with a woman touching her of
whom she is jealous, nor with a coward concerning war, nor with a
merchant about traffic, nor with a buyer of selling, nor with an
envious man of giving thanks,

37:13. Nor with the ungodly of piety, nor with the dishonest of
honesty, nor with the field laborer of every work,

37:14. Nor with him that worketh by the year of the finishing of the
year, nor with an idle servant of much business:  give no heed to these
in any matter of counsel.

37:15. But be continually with a holy man, whomsoever thou shalt know
to observe the fear of God,

37:16. Whose soul is according to thy own soul:  and who, when thou
shalt stumble in the dark, will be sorry for thee.

37:17. And establish within thyself a heart of good counsel:  for there
is no other thing of more worth to thee than it.

37:18. The soul of a holy man discovereth sometimes true things, more
than seven watchmen that sit in a high place to watch.

37:19. But above all these things pray to the most High, that he may
direct thy way in truth.

37:20. In all thy works let the true word go before thee, and steady
counsel before every action.

37:21. A wicked word shall change the heart:  out of which four manner
of things arise, good and evil, life and death:  and the tongue is
continually the ruler of them.  There is a man that is subtle and a
teacher of many, and yet is unprofitable to his own soul.

37:22. A skilful man hath taught many, and is sweet to his own soul.

37:23. He that speaketh sophistically, is hateful:  he shall be
destitute of every thing.

37:24. Grace is not given him from the Lord:  for he is deprived of all

37:25. There is a wise man that is wise to his own soul:  and the fruit
of his understanding is commendable.

37:26. A wise man instructeth his own people, and the fruits of his
understanding are faithful.

37:27. A wise man shall be filled with blessings, and they that see
shall praise him.

37:28. The life of a man is in the number of his days:  but the days of
Israel are innumerable.

37:29. A wise man shall inherit honour among his people, and his name
shall live for ever.

37:30. My son, prove thy soul in thy life:  and if it be wicked, give it
no power:

37:31. For all things are not expedient for all, and every kind
pleaseth not every soul.

37:32. Be not greedy in any feasting, and pour not out thyself upon any

37:33. For in many meats there will be sickness, and greediness will
turn to choler.

37:34. By surfeiting many have perished, but he that is temperate,
shall prolong life.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 38

Of physicians and medicines:  what is to be done in sickness, and how we
are to mourn for the dead.  Of the employments of labourers and

38:1. Honour the physician for the need thou hast of him:  for the most
High hath created him.

38:2. For all healing is from God, and he shall receive gifts of the

38:3. The skill of the physician shall lift up his head, and in the
sight of great men he shall be praised.

38:4. The most High hath created medicines out of the earth, and a wise
man will not abhor them.

38:5. Was not bitter water made sweet with wood?

38:6. The virtue of these things is come to the knowledge of men, and
the most High hath given knowledge to men, that he may be honoured in
his wonders.

38:7. By these he shall cure and shall allay their pains, and of these
the apothecary shall make sweet confections, and shall make up
ointments of health, and of his works there shall be no end.

38:8. For the peace of God is over all the face of the earth.

38:9. My son, in thy sickness neglect not thyself, but pray to the
Lord, and he shall heal thee.

38:10. Turn away from sin and order thy hands aright, and cleanse thy
heart from all offence.

38:11. Give a sweet savour, and a memorial of fine flour, and make a
fat offering, and then give place to the physician.

38:12. For the Lord created him:  and let him not depart from thee, for
his works are necessary.

38:13. For there is a time when thou must fall into their hands:

38:14. And they shall beseech the Lord, that he would prosper what they
give for ease and remedy, for their conversation.

38:15. He that sinneth in the sight of his Maker, shall fall into the
hands of the physician.

38:16. My son, shed tears over the dead, and begin to lament as if thou
hadst suffered some great harm, and according to judgment cover his
body, and neglect not his burial.

38:17. And for fear of being ill spoken of weep bitterly for a day, and
then comfort thyself in thy sadness.

38:18. And make mourning for him according to his merit for a day, or
two, for fear of detraction.

38:19. For of sadness cometh death, and it overwhelmeth the strength,
and the sorrow of the heart boweth down the neck.

38:20. In withdrawing aside sorrow remaineth:  and the substance of the
poor is according to his heart.

38:21. Give not up thy heart to sadness, but drive it from thee:  and
remember the latter end.

38:22. Forget it not:  for there is no returning, and thou shalt do him
no good, and shalt hurt thyself.

38:23. Remember my judgment:  for thine also shall be so:  yesterday for
me, and to day for thee.

38:24. When the dead is at rest, let his remembrance rest, and comfort
him in the departing of his spirit.

38:25. The wisdom of a scribe cometh by his time of leisure:  and he
that is less in action, shall receive wisdom.

A scribe. . .That is, a doctor of the law, or, a learned man.

38:26. With what wisdom shall he be furnished that holdeth the plough,
and that glorieth in the goad, that driveth the oxen therewith, and is
occupied in their labours, and his whole talk is about the offspring of

38:27. He shall give his mind to turn up furrows, and his care is to
give the kine fodder.

38:28. So every craftsman and workmaster that laboureth night and day,
he who maketh graven seals, and by his continual diligence varieth the
figure:  he shall give his mind to the resemblance of the picture, and
by his watching shall finish the work.

38:29. So doth the smith sitting by the anvil and considering the iron
work.  The vapour of the fire wasteth his flesh, and he fighteth with
the heat of the furnace.

38:30. The noise of the hammer is always in his ears, and his eye is
upon the pattern of the vessel he maketh.

38:31. He setteth his mind to finish his work, and his watching to
polish them to perfection.

38:32. So doth the potter sitting at his work, turning the wheel about
with his feet, who is always carefully set to his work, and maketh all
his work by number:

38:33. He fashioneth the clay with his arm, and boweth down his
strength before his feet:

38:34. He shall give his mind to finish the glazing, and his watching
to make clean the furnace.

38:35. All these trust to their hands, and every one is wise in his own

38:36. Without these a city is not built.

38:37. And they shall not dwell, nor walk about therein, and they shall
not go up into the assembly.

38:38. Upon the judges' seat they shall not sit, and the ordinance of
judgment they shall not understand, neither shall they declare
discipline and judgment, and they shall not be found where parables are

38:39. But they shall strengthen the state of the world, and their
prayer shall be in the work of their craft, applying their soul, and
searching in the law of the most High.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 39

The exercises of the wise man.  The Lord is to be glorified for his

39:1. The wise man will seek out the wisdom of all the ancients, and
will be occupied in the prophets.

39:2. He will keep the sayings of renowned men, and will enter withal
into the subtilties of parables.

39:3. He will search out the hidden meanings of proverbs, and will be
conversant in the secrets of parables.

39:4. He shall serve among great men, and appear before the governor.

39:5. He shall pass into strange countries:  for he shall try good and
evil among men.

39:6. He will give his heart to resort early to the Lord that made him,
and he will pray in the sight of the most High.

39:7. He will open his mouth in prayer, and will make supplication for
his sins.

39:8. For if it shall please the great Lord, he will fill him with the
spirit of understanding:

39:9. And he will pour forth the words of his wisdom as showers, and in
his prayer he will confess to the Lord.

39:10. And he shall direct his counsel, and his knowledge, and in his
secrets shall he meditate.

39:11. He shall shew forth the discipline he hath learned, and shall
glory in the law of the covenant of the Lord.

39:12. Many shall praise his wisdom, and it shall never be forgotten.

39:13. The memory of him shall not depart away, and his name shall be
in request from generation to generation.

39:14. Nations shall declare his wisdom, and the church shall shew
forth his praise.

39:15. If he continue, he shall leave a name above a thousand:  and if
he rest, it shall be to his advantage.

39:16. I will yet meditate that I may declare:  for I am filled as with
a holy transport.

39:17. By a voice he saith:  Hear me, ye divine offspring, and bud forth
as the rose planted by the brooks of waters.

Ye divine offspring. . .He speaks to the children of Israel, the people
of God:  whom he exhorts to bud forth and flourish with virtue.

39:18. Give ye a sweet odour as frankincense.

39:19. Send forth flowers, as the lily, and yield a smell, and bring
forth leaves in grace, and praise with canticles, and bless the Lord in
his works.

39:20. Magnify his name, and give glory to him with the voice of your
lips, and with the canticles of your mouths, and with harps, and in
praising him, you shall say in this manner:

39:21. All the works of the Lord are exceeding good.

39:22. At his word the waters stood as a heap:  and at the words of his
mouth the receptacles of waters:

39:23. For at his commandment favour is shewn, and there is no
diminishing of his salvation.

39:24. The works of all flesh are before him, and there is nothing hid
from his eyes.

39:25. He seeth from eternity to eternity, and there is nothing
wonderful before him.

39:26. There is no saying:  What is this, or what is that?  for all
things shall be sought in their time.

39:27. His blessing hath overflowed like a river.

39:28. And as a flood hath watered the earth; so shall his wrath
inherit the nations, that have not sought after him.

39:29. Even as he turned the waters into a dry land, and the earth was
made dry:  and his ways were made plain for their journey:  so to sinners
they are stumblingblocks in his wrath.

39:30. Good things were created for the good from the beginning, so for
the wicked, good and evil things.

39:31. The principal things necessary for the life of men, are water,
fire, and iron, salt, milk, and bread of flour, and honey, and the
cluster of the grape, and oil, and clothing.

39:32. All these things shall be for good to the holy, so to the
sinners and the ungodly they shall be turned into evil.

39:33. There are spirits that are created for vengeance, and in their
fury they lay on grievous torments.

39:34. In the time of destruction they shall pour out their force:  and
they shall appease the wrath of him that made them.

39:35. Fire, hail, famine, and death, all these were created for

39:36. The teeth of beasts, and scorpions, and serpents, and the sword
taking vengeance upon the ungodly unto destruction.

39:37. In his commandments they shall feast, and they shall be ready
upon earth when need is, and when their time is come they shall not
transgress his word.

39:38. Therefore from the beginning I was resolved, and I have
meditated, and thought on these things and left them in writing,

39:39. All the works of the Lord are good, and he will furnish every
work in due time.

39:40. It is not to be said:  This is worse than that:  for all shall be
well approved in their time.

39:41. Now therefore with the whole heart and mouth praise ye him, and
bless the name of the Lord.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 40

The miseries of the life of man are relieved by the grace of God and
his fear.

40:1. Great labour is created for all men, and a heavy yoke is upon the
children of Adam from the day of their coming out of their mother's
womb, until the day of their burial into the mother of all.

40:2. Their thoughts, and fears of the heart, their imagination of
things to come, and the day of their end:

40:3. From him that sitteth on a glorious throne, unto him that is
humbled in earth and ashes:

40:4. From him that weareth purple, and beareth the crown, even to him
that is covered with rough linen:  wrath, envy, trouble, unquietness,
and the fear of death, continual anger, and strife,

40:5. And in the time of rest upon his bed, the sleep of the night
changeth his knowledge.

40:6. A little and as nothing is his rest, and afterward in sleep, as
in the day of keeping watch.

40:7. He is troubled in the vision of his heart, as if he had escaped
in the day of battle.  In the time of his safety he rose up, and
wondereth that there is no fear.

40:8. Such things happen to all flesh, from man even to beast, and upon
sinners are sevenfold more.

40:9. Moreover, death, and bloodshed, strife, and sword, oppressions,
famine, and affliction, and scourges:

40:10. All these things are created for the wicked, and for their sakes
came the flood.

40:11. All things that are of the earth, shall return to the earth
again, and all waters shall return to the sea.

40:12. All bribery, and injustice shall be blotted out, and fidelity
shall stand for ever.

40:13. The riches of the unjust shall be dried up like a river, and
shall pass away with a noise like a great thunder in rain.

40:14. While he openeth his hands he shall rejoice:  but transgressors
shall pine away in the end.

40:15. The offspring of the ungodly shall not bring forth many
branches, and make a noise as unclean roots upon the top of a rock.

40:16. The weed growing over every water, and at the bank of the river,
shall be pulled up before all grass.

40:17. Grace is like a paradise in blessings, and mercy remaineth for

40:18. The life of a laborer that is content with what he hath, shall
be sweet, and in it thou shalt find a treasure.

40:19. Children, and the building of a city shall establish a name, but
a blameless wife shall be counted above them both.

40:20. Wine and music rejoice the heart, but the love of wisdom is
above them both.

40:21. The flute and the psaltery make a sweet melody, but a pleasant
tongue is above them both.

40:22. Thy eye desireth favour and beauty, but more than these green
sown fields.

40:23. A friend and companion meeting together in season, but above
them both is a wife with her husband.

40:24. Brethren are a help in the time of trouble, but mercy shall
deliver more than they.

40:25. Gold and silver make the feet stand sure:  but wise counsel is
above them both.

40:26. Riches and strength lift up the heart:  but above these is the
fear of the Lord.

40:27. There is no want in the fear of the Lord, and it needeth not to
seek for help.

40:28. The fear of the Lord is like a paradise of blessing, and they
have covered it above all glory.

40:29. My son, in thy lifetime be not indigent:  for it is better to die
than to want.

40:30. The life of him that looketh toward another man's table is not
to be counted a life:  for he feedeth his soul with another man's meat.

40:31. But a man, well instructed and taught, will look to himself.

40:32. Begging will be sweet in the mouth of the unwise, but in his
belly there shall burn a fire.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 41

Of the remembrance of death:  of an evil and of a good name:  of what
things we ought to be ashamed.

41:1. O death, how bitter is the remembrance of thee to a man that hath
peace in his possessions!

41:2. To a man that is at rest, and whose ways are prosperous in all
things, and that is yet able to take meat!

41:3. O death thy sentence is welcome to the man that is in need, and
to him whose strength faileth:

41:4. Who is in a decrepit age, and that is in care about all things,
and to the distrustful that loseth patience!

41:5. Fear not the sentence of death.  Remember what things have been
before thee, and what shall come after thee:  this sentence is from the
Lord upon all flesh.

41:6. And what shall come upon thee by the good pleasure of the most
High?  whether ten, or a hundred, or a thousand years.

41:7. For among the dead there is no accusing of life.

41:8. The children of sinners become children of abominations, and they
that converse near the houses of the ungodly.

41:9. The inheritance of the children of sinners shall perish, and with
their posterity shall be a perpetual reproach.

41:10. The children will complain of an ungodly father, because for his
sake they are in reproach.

41:11. Woe to you, ungodly men, who have forsaken the law of the most
high Lord.

41:12. And if you be born, you shall be born in malediction:  and if you
die, in malediction shall be your portion.

41:13. All things that are of the earth, shall return into the earth:
so the ungodly shall from malediction to destruction.

41:14. The mourning of men is about their body, but the name of the
ungodly shall be blotted out.

41:15. Take care of a good name:  for this shall continue with thee,
more than a thousand treasures precious and great.

41:16. A good life hath its number of days:  but a good name shall
continue for ever.

41:17. My children, keep discipline in peace:  for wisdom that is hid,
and a treasure that is not seen, what profit is there in them both?

41:18. Better is the man that hideth his folly, than the man that
hideth his wisdom.

41:19. Wherefore have a shame of these things I am now going to speak

Have a shame, etc. . .That is to say, be ashamed of doing any of these
things, which I am now going to mention; for though sometimes
shamefacedness is not to be indulged:  yet it is often good and
necessary:  as in the following cases.

41:20. For it is not good to keep all shamefacedness:  and all things do
not please all men in opinion.

41:21. Be ashamed of fornication before father and mother:  and of a lie
before a governor and a man in power:

41:22. Of an offence before a prince, and a judge:  of iniquity before a
congregation and a people:

41:23. Of injustice before a companion and friend:  and in regard to the
place where thou dwellest,

41:24. Of theft, and of the truth of God, and the covenant:  of leaning
with thy elbow over meat, and of deceit in giving and taking:

41:25. Of silence before them that salute thee:  of looking upon a
harlot:  and of turning away thy face from thy kinsman.

41:26. Turn not away thy face from thy neighbour, and of taking away a
portion and not restoring.

41:27. Gaze not upon another man's wife, and be not inquisitive after
his handmaid, and approach not her bed.

41:28. Be ashamed of upbraiding speeches before friends:  and after thou
hast given, upbraid not.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 42

Of what things we ought not to be ashamed.  Cautions with regard to
women.  The works and greatness of God.

42:1. Repeat not the word which thou hast heard, and disclose not the
thing that is secret; so shalt thou be truly without confusion, and
shalt find favour before all men:  be not ashamed of any of these
things, and accept no person to sin thereby:

42:2. Of the law of the most High, and of his covenant, and of judgment
to justify the ungodly:

42:3. Of the affair of companions and travellers, and of the gift of
the inheritance of friends:

42:4. Of exactness of balance and weights, of getting much or little:

42:5. Of the corruption of buying, and of merchants, and of much
correction of children, and to make the side of a wicked slave to

42:6. Sure keeping is good over a wicked wife.

42:7. Where there are many hands, shut up, and deliver all things in
number, and weight:  and put all in writing that thou givest out or
receivest in.

42:8. Be not ashamed to inform the unwise and foolish, and the aged,
that are judged by young men:  and thou shalt be well instructed in all
things, and well approved in the sight of all men living.

42:9. The father waketh for the daughter when no man knoweth, and the
care for her taketh away his sleep, when she is young, lest she pass
away the flower of her age, and when she is married, lest she should be

42:10. In her virginity, lest she should be corrupted, and be found
with child in her father's house:  and having a husband, lest she should
misbehave herself, or at the least become barren.

42:11. Keep a sure watch over a shameless daughter:  lest at anytime she
make thee become a laughingstock to thy enemies, and a byword in the
city, and a reproach among the people, and she make thee ashamed before
all the multitude.

42:12. Behold not everybody's beauty:  and tarry not among women.

42:13. For from garments cometh a moth, and from a woman the iniquity
of a man.

42:14. For better is the iniquity of a man, than a woman doing a good
turn, and a woman bringing shame and reproach.

Better is the iniquity, etc. . .That is, there is, commonly speaking,
less danger to be apprehended to the soul from the churlishness, or
injuries we receive from men, than from the flattering favours and
familiarity of women.

42:15. I will now remember the works of the Lord, and I will declare
the things I have seen.  By the words of the Lord are his works.

42:16. The sun giving light hath looked upon all things, and full of
the glory of the Lord is his work.

42:17. Hath not the Lord made the saints to declare all his wonderful
works, which the Lord Almighty hath firmly settled to be established
for his glory?

42:18. He hath searched out the deep, and the heart of men:  and
considered their crafty devices.

42:19. For the Lord knoweth all knowledge, and hath beheld the signs of
the world, he declareth the things that are past, and the things that
are to come, and revealeth the traces of hidden things.

42:20. No thought escapeth him, and no word can hide itself from him.

42:21. He hath beautified the glorious works of his wisdom:  and he is
from eternity to eternity, and to him nothing may be added,

42:22. Nor can he be diminished, and he hath no need of any counsellor.

42:23. O how desirable are all his works, and what we can know is but
as a spark!

42:24. All these things live, and remain for ever, and for every use
all things obey him.

42:25. All things are double, one against another, and he hath made
nothing defective.

42:26. He hath established the good things of every one.  And who shall
be filled with beholding his glory?

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 43

The works of God are exceedingly glorious and wonderful:  no man is able
sufficiently to praise him.

43:1. The firmament on high is his beauty, the beauty of heaven with
its glorious shew.

43:2. The sun when he appeareth shewing forth at his rising, an
admirable instrument, the work of the most High.

43:3. At noon he burneth the earth, and who can abide his burning heat?
As one keeping a furnace in the works of heat:

43:4. The sun three times as much, burneth the mountains, breathing out
fiery vapours, and shining with his beams, he blindeth the eyes.

43:5. Great is the Lord that made him, and at his words he hath
hastened his course.

43:6. And the moon in all in her season, is for a declaration of times
and a sign of the world.

43:7. From the moon is the sign of the festival day, a light that
decreaseth in her perfection.

43:8. The month is called after her name, increasing wonderfully in her

43:9. Being an instrument of the armies on high, shining gloriously in
the firmament of heaven.

43:10. The glory of the stars is the beauty of heaven; the Lord
enlighteneth the world on high.

43:11. By the words of the holy one they stand in judgment, and shall
never fall in their watches.

43:12. Look upon the rainbow, and bless him that made it:  it is very
beautiful in its brightness.

43:13. It encompasseth the heaven about with the circle of its glory,
the hands of the most High have displayed it.

43:14. By his commandment he maketh the snow to fall apace, and sendeth
forth swiftly the lightnings of his judgment.

43:15. Through this are the treasures opened, and the clouds fly out
like birds.

43:16. By his greatness he hath fixed the clouds, and the hailstones
are broken.

43:17. At his sight shall the mountains be shaken, and at his will the
south wind shall blow.

43:18. The noise of his thunder shall strike the earth, so doth the
northern storm, and the whirlwind:

43:19. And as the birds lighting upon the earth, he scattereth snow,
and the falling thereof, is as the coming down of locusts.

43:20. The eye admireth at the beauty of the whiteness thereof, and the
heart is astonished at the shower thereof.

43:21. He shall pour frost as salt upon the earth:  and when it
freezeth, it shall become like the tops of thistles.

43:22. The cold north wind bloweth, and the water is congealed into
crystal; upon every gathering together of waters it shall rest, and
shall clothe the waters as a breastplate.

43:23. And it shall devour the mountains, and burn the wilderness, and
consume all that is green as with fire.

43:24. A present remedy of all is the speedy coming of a cloud, and a
dew that meeteth it, by the heat that cometh, shall overpower it.

43:25. At his word the wind is still, and with his thought he appeaseth
the deep, and the Lord hath planted islands therein.

43:26. Let them that sail on the sea, tell the dangers thereof:  and
when we hear with our ears, we shall admire.

43:27. There are great and wonderful works:  a variety of beasts, and of
all living things, and the monstrous creatures of whales.

43:28. Through him is established the end of their journey, and by his
word all things are regulated.

43:29. We shall say much, and yet shall want words:  but the sum of our
words is, He is all.

43:30. What shall we be able to do to glorify him?  for the Almighty
himself is above all his works.

43:31. The Lord is terrible, and exceeding great, and his power is

43:32. Glorify the Lord as much as ever you can, for he will yet far
exceed, and his magnificence is wonderful.

43:33. Blessing the Lord, exalt him as much as you can; for he is above
all praise.

43:34. When you exalt him put forth all your strength, and be not
weary:  for you can never go far enough.

43:35. Who shall see him, and declare him?  and who shall magnify him as
he is from the beginning?

43:36. There are many things hidden from us that are greater than
these:  for we have seen but a few of his works.

43:37. But the Lord hath made all things, and to the godly he hath
given wisdom.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 44

The praises of the holy fathers, in particular of Enoch, Noe, Abraham,
Isaac, and Jacob.

44:1. Let us now praise men of renown and our fathers in their

44:2. The Lord hath wrought great glory through his magnificence from
the beginning.

44:3. Such as have borne rule in their dominions, men of great power,
and endued with their wisdom, shewing forth in the prophets the dignity
of prophets,

44:4. And ruling over the present people, and by the strength of wisdom
instructing the people in most holy words.

44:5. Such as by their skill sought out musical tunes, and published
canticles of the scriptures.

44:6. Rich men in virtue, studying beautifulness:  living at peace in
their houses.

44:7. All these have gained glory in their generations, and were
praised in their days.

44:8. They that were born of them have left a name behind them, that
their praises might be related:

44:9. And there are some, of whom there is no memorial:  who are
perished, as if they had never been:  and are become as if they had
never been born, and their children with them.

44:10. But these were men of mercy, whose godly deeds have not failed:

44:11. Good things continue with their seed,

44:12. Their posterity are a holy inheritance, and their seed hath
stood in the covenants.

44:13. And their children for their sakes remain for ever:  their seed
and their glory shall not be forsaken.

44:14. Their bodies are buried in peace, and their name liveth unto
generation and generation.

44:15. Let the people shew forth their wisdom, and the church declare
their praise.

44:16. Henoch pleased God, and was translated into paradise, that he
may give repentance to the nations.

44:17. Noe was found perfect, just, and in the time of wrath he was
made a reconciliation.

44:18. Therefore was there a remnant left to the earth, when the flood

44:19. The covenants of the world were made with him, that all flesh
should no more be destroyed with the flood.

44:20. Abraham was the great father of a multitude of nations, and
there was not found the like to him in glory, who kept the law of the
most High, and was in covenant with him.

44:21. In his flesh he established the covenant, and in temptation he
was found faithful.

44:22. Therefore by an oath he gave him glory in his posterity, that he
should increase as the dust of the earth,

44:23. And that he would exalt his seed as the stars, and they should
inherit from sea to sea, and from the river to the ends of the earth.

44:24. And he did in like manner with Isaac for the sake of Abraham his

44:25. The Lord gave him the blessing of all nations, and confirmed his
covenant upon the head of Jacob.

44:26. He acknowledged him in his blessings, and gave him an
inheritance, and divided him his portion in twelve tribes.

44:27. And he preserved for him men of mercy, that found grace in the
eyes of all flesh.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 45

The praises of Moses, of Aaron, and of Phinees.

45:1. Moses was beloved of God, and men:  whose memory is in

45:2. He made him like the saints in glory, and magnified him in the
fear of his enemies, and with his words he made prodigies to cease.

45:3. He glorified him in the sight of kings, and gave him commandments
in the sight of his people, and shewed him his glory.

45:4. He sanctified him in his faith, and meekness, and chose him out
of all flesh.

45:5. For he heard him, and his voice, and brought him into a cloud.

45:6. And he gave him commandments before his face, and a law of life
and instruction, that he might teach Jacob his covenant, and Israel his

45:7. He exalted Aaron his brother, and like to himself of the tribe of

45:8. He made an everlasting covenant with him, and gave him the
priesthood of the nation, and made him blessed in glory,

45:9. And he girded him about with a glorious girdle, and clothed him
with a robe of glory, and crowned him with majestic attire.

45:10. He put upon him a garment to the feet, and breeches, and an
ephod, and he compassed him with many little bells of gold all round

45:11. That as he went there might be a sound, and a noise made that
might be heard in the temple, for a memorial to the children of his

45:12. He gave him a holy robe of gold, and blue, and purple, a woven
work of a wise man, endued with judgment and truth:

45:13. Of twisted scarlet the work of an artist, with precious stones
cut and set in gold, and graven by the work of a lapidary for a
memorial, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.

45:14. And a crown of gold upon his mitre wherein was engraved
Holiness, an ornament of honour:  a work of power, and delightful to the
eyes for its beauty.

45:15. Before him there were none so beautiful, even from the

45:16. No stranger was ever clothed with them, but only his children
alone, and his grandchildren for ever.

45:17. His sacrifices were consumed with fire every day.

45:18. Moses filled his hands and anointed him with holy oil.

45:19. This was made to him for an everlasting testament, and to his
seed as the days of heaven, to execute the office of the priesthood,
and to have praise, and to glorify his people in his name.

45:20. He chose him out of all men living, to offer sacrifice to God,
incense, and a good savour, for a memorial to make reconciliation for
his people:

45:21. And he gave him power in his commandments, in the covenants of
his judgments, that he should teach Jacob his testimonies, and give
light to Israel in his law.

45:22. And strangers stood up against him, and through envy the men
that were with Dathan and Abiron, compassed him about in the
wilderness, and the congregation of Core in their wrath.

45:23. The Lord God saw and it pleased him not, and they were consumed
in his wrathful indignation.

45:24. He wrought wonders upon them, and consumed them with a flame of

45:25. And he added glory to Aaron, and gave him an inheritance, and
divided unto him the firstfruits of the increase of the earth.

45:26. He prepared them bread in the first place unto fulness:  for the
sacrifices also of the Lord they shall eat, which he gave to him, and
to his seed.

45:27. But he shall not inherit among the people in the land, and he
hath no portion among the people:  for he himself is his portion and

45:28. Phinees the son of Eleazar is the third in glory, by imitating
him in the fear of the Lord:

45:29. And he stood up in the shameful fall of the people:  in the
goodness and readiness of his soul he appeased God for Israel.

45:30. Therefore he made to him a covenant of peace, to be the prince
of the sanctuary, and of his people, that the dignity of priesthood
should be to him and to his seed for ever.

45:31. And a covenant to David the king, the son of Jesse of the tribe
of Juda, an inheritance to him and to his seed, that he might give
wisdom into our heart to judge his people in justice, that their good
things might not be abolished, and he made their glory in their nation

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 46

The praise of Josue, of Caleb, and of Samuel.

46:1. Valiant in war was Jesus the son of Nave, who was successor of
Moses among the prophets, who was great according to his name,

Jesus the son of Nave. . .So Josue is named in the Greek Bibles.  For
Josue and Jesus signify the same thing, viz., a saviour.

46:2. Very great for the saving the elect of God, to overthrow the
enemies that rose up against them, that he might get the inheritance
for Israel.

46:3. How great glory did he gain when he lifted up his hands, and
stretched out swords against the cities?

46:4. Who before him hath so resisted?  for the Lord himself brought the

46:5. Was not the sun stopped in his anger, and one day made as two?

46:6. He called upon the most high Sovereign when the enemies assaulted
him on every side, and the great and holy God heard him by hailstones
of exceeding great force.

46:7. He made a violent assault against the nation of his enemies, and
in the descent he destroyed the adversaries.

And in the descent. . .Of Beth-horon (Jos. 10.).

46:8. That the nations might know his power, that it is not easy to
fight against God.  And he followed the mighty one:

46:9. And in the days of Moses he did a work of mercy, he and Caleb the
son of Jephone, in standing against the enemy, and withholding the
people from sins, and appeasing the wicked murmuring.

46:10. And they two being appointed, were delivered out of the danger
from among the number of six hundred thousand men on foot, to bring
them into their inheritance, into the land that floweth with milk and

46:11. And the Lord gave strength also to Caleb, and his strength
continued even to his old age, so that he went up to the high places of
the land, and his seed obtained it for an inheritance:

46:12. That all the children of Israel might see, that it is good to
obey the holy God.

46:13. Then all the judges, every one by name, whose heart was not
corrupted:  who turned not away from the Lord,

46:14. That their memory might be blessed, and their bones spring up
out of their place,

46:15. And their name continue for ever, the glory of the holy men
remaining unto their children.

46:16. Samuel the prophet of the Lord, the beloved of the Lord his God,
established a new government, and anointed princes over his people.

46:17. By the law of the Lord he judged the congregation, and the God
of Jacob beheld, and by his fidelity he was proved a prophet.

46:18. And he was known to be faithful in his words, because he saw the
God of light:

46:19. And called upon the name of the Lord Almighty, in fighting
against the enemies who beset him on every side, when he offered a lamb
without blemish.

46:20. And the Lord thundered from heaven, and with a great noise made
his voice to be heard.

46:21. And he crushed the princes of the Tyrians, and all the lords of
the Philistines:

46:22. And before the time of the end of his life in the world, he
protested before the Lord, and his anointed:  money, or any thing else,
even to a shoe, he had not taken of any man, and no man did accuse him.

46:23. And after this he slept, and he made known to the king, and
shewed him the end of his life, and he lifted up his voice from the
earth in prophecy to blot out the wickedness of the nation.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 47

The praise of Nathan, of David, and of Solomon:  Of his fall and

47:1. Then Nathan the prophet arose in the days of David.

47:2. And as the fat taken away from the flesh, so was David chosen
from among the children of Israel.

47:3. He played with lions as with lambs:  and with bears he did in like
manner as with the lambs of the flock, in his youth.

47:4. Did not he kill the giant, and take away reproach from his

47:5. In lifting up his hand, with the stone in the sling he beat down
the boasting of Goliath:

47:6. For he called upon the Lord the Almighty, and he gave strength in
his right hand, to take away the mighty warrior, and to set up the horn
of his nation.

47:7. So in ten thousand did he glorify him, and praised him in the
blessings of the Lord, in offering to him a crown of glory:

47:8. For he destroyed the enemies on every side, and extirpated the
Philistines the adversaries unto this day:  he broke their horn for

47:9. In all his works he gave thanks to the holy one, and to the most
High, with words of glory.

47:10. With his whole heart he praised the Lord, and loved God that
made him:  and he gave him power against his enemies:

47:11. And he set singers before the altar, and by their voices he made
sweet melody.

47:12. And to the festivals he added beauty, and set in order the
solemn times even to the end of his life, that they should praise the
holy name of the Lord, and magnify the holiness of God in the morning.

47:13. The Lord took away his sins, and exalted his horn for ever:  and
he gave him a covenant of the kingdom, and a throne of glory in Israel.

47:14. After him arose up a wise son, and for his sake he cast down all
the power of the enemies.

47:15. Solomon reigned in days of peace, and God brought all his
enemies under him, that he might build a house in his name, and prepare
a sanctuary for ever:  O how wise wast thou in thy youth!

47:16. And thou wast filled as a river with wisdom, and thy soul
covered the earth.

47:17. And thou didst multiply riddles in parables:  thy name went
abroad to the islands far off, and thou wast beloved in thy peace.

47:18. The countries wondered at thee for thy canticles, and proverbs,
and parables, and interpretations,

47:19. And at the name of the Lord God, whose surname is, God of

47:20. Thou didst gather gold as copper, and didst multiply silver as

47:21. And thou didst bow thyself to women:  and by thy body thou wast
brought under subjection.

47:22. Thou hast stained thy glory, and defiled thy seed so as to bring
wrath upon thy children, and to have thy folly kindled,

47:23. That thou shouldst make the kingdom to be divided, and out of
Ephraim a rebellious kingdom to rule.

47:24. But God will not leave off his mercy, and he will not destroy,
nor abolish his own works, neither will he cut up by the roots the
offspring of his elect:  and he will not utterly take away the seed of
him that loveth the Lord.

47:25. Wherefore he gave a remnant to Jacob, and to David of the same

47:26. And Solomon had an end with his fathers.

47:27. And he left behind him of his seed, the folly of the nation,

47:28. Even Roboam that had little wisdom, who turned away the people
through his counsel:

47:29. And Jeroboam the son of Nabat, who caused Israel to sin, and
shewed Ephraim the way of sin, and their sins were multiplied

47:30. They removed them far away from their land.

47:31. And they sought out all iniquities, till vengeance came upon
them, and put an end to all their sins.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 48

The praise of Elias, of Eliseus, of Ezechias, and of Isaias.

48:1. And Elias the prophet stood up, as a fire, and his word burnt
like a torch.

48:2. He brought a famine upon them, and they that provoked him in
their envy, were reduced to a small number, for they could not endure
the commandments of the Lord.

48:3. By the word of the Lord he shut up the heaven, and he brought
down fire from heaven thrice.

48:4. Thus was Elias magnified in his wondrous works.  And who can glory
like to thee?

48:5. Who raisedst up a dead man from below, from the lot of death, by
the word of the Lord God.

48:6. Who broughtest down kings to destruction, and brokest easily
their power in pieces, and the glorious from their bed.

48:7. Who heardest judgment in Sina, and in Horeb the judgments of

48:8. Who anointedst kings to penance, and madest prophets successors
after thee.

48:9. Who wast taken up in a whirlwind of fire, in a chariot of fiery

48:10. Who art registered in the judgments of times to appease the
wrath of the Lord, to reconcile the heart of the father to the son, and
to restore the tribes of Jacob.

48:11. Blessed are they that saw thee, and were honoured with thy

48:12. For we live only in our life, but after death our name shall not
be such.

48:13. Elias was indeed covered with the whirlwind, and his spirit was
filled up in Eliseus:  in his days he feared not the prince, and no man
was more powerful than he.

48:14. No word could overcome him, and after death his body prophesied.

48:15. In his life he did great wonders, and in death he wrought

48:16. For all this the people repented not, neither did they depart
from their sins till they were cast out of their land, and were
scattered through all the earth.

48:17. And there was left but a small people, and a prince in the house
of David.

48:18. Some of these did that which pleased God:  but others committed
many sins.

48:19. Ezechias fortified his city, and brought in water into the midst
thereof, and he digged a rock with iron, and made a well for water.

48:20. In his days Sennacherib came up, and sent Rabsaces, and lifted
up his hand against them, and he stretched out his hand against Sion,
and became proud through his power.

48:21. Then their hearts and hands trembled, and they were in pain as
women in travail.

48:22. And they called upon the Lord who is merciful, and spreading
their hands, they lifted them up to heaven:  and the holy Lord God
quickly heard their voice.

48:23. He was not mindful of their sins, neither did he deliver them up
to their enemies, but he purified them by the hand of Isaias, the holy

48:24. He overthrew the army of the Assyrians, and the angel of the
Lord destroyed them.

48:25. For Ezechias did that which pleased God, and walked valiantly in
the way of David his father, which Isaias, the great prophet, and
faithful in the sight of God, had commanded him.

48:26. In his days the sun wen backward, and he lengthened the king's

48:27. With a great spirit he saw the things that are to come to pass
at last, and comforted the mourners in Sion.

48:28. He showed what should come to pass for ever, and secret things
before they came.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 49

The praise of Josias, of Jeremias, Ezechiel, and the twelve prophets.
Also of Zorobabel, Jesus the son of Josedech, Nehemias, Enoch, Joseph,
Seth, Sem, and Adam.

49:1. The memory of Josias is like the composition of a sweet smell
made by the art of a perfumer:

49:2. His remembrance shall be sweet as honey in every mouth, and as
music at a banquet of wine.

49:3. He was directed by God unto the repentance of the nation, and he
took away the abominations of wickedness.

49:4. And he directed his heart towards the Lord, and in the days of
sinners he strengthened godliness.

49:5. Except David, and Ezechias and Josias, all committed sin.

49:6. For the kings of Juda forsook the law of the most High, and
despised the fear of God.

49:7. So they gave their kingdom to others, and their glory to a
strange nation,

49:8. They burnt the chosen city of holiness, and made the streets
thereof desolate according to the prediction of Jeremias.

49:9. For they treated him evil, who was consecrated a prophet from his
mother's womb, to overthrow, and pluck up, and destroy, and to build
again, and renew.

49:10. It was Ezechiel that saw the glorious vision, which was shewn
him upon the chariot of cherubims.

49:11. For he made mention of the enemies under the figure of rain, and
of doing good to them that shewed right ways.

49:12. And may the bones of the twelve prophets spring up out of their
place:  for they strengthened Jacob, and redeemed themselves by strong

49:13. How shall we magnify Zorobabel?  for he was as a signet on the
right hand;

49:14. In like manner Jesus the son of Josedec who in their days built
the house, and set up a holy temple to the Lord, prepared for
everlasting glory.

49:15. And let Nehemias be a long time remembered, who raised up for us
our walls that were cast down, and set up the gates and the bars, who
rebuilt our houses.

49:16. No man was born upon earth like Henoch:  for he also was taken up
from the earth.

49:17. Nor as Joseph, who was a man born prince of his brethren, the
support of his family, the ruler of his brethren, the stay of the

49:18. And his bones were visited, and after death they prophesied.

They prophesied. . .That is, by their being carried out of Egypt they
verified the prophetic prediction of Joseph.  Gen. 50.

49:19. Seth and Sem obtained glory among men:  and above every soul Adam
in the beginning,

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 50

The praises of Simon the high priest.  The conclusion.

50:1. Simon the high priest, the son of Onias, who in his life propped
up the house, and in his days fortified the temple.

50:2. By him also the height of the temple was founded, the double
building and the high walls of the temple.

50:3. In his days the wells of water flowed out, and they were filled
as the sea above measure.

50:4. He took care of his nation, and delivered it from destruction.

50:5. He prevailed to enlarge the city, and obtained glory in his
conversation with the people:  and enlarged the entrance of the house
and the court.

50:6. He shone in his days as the morning star in the midst of a cloud,
and as the moon at the full.

50:7. And as the sun when it shineth, so did he shine in the temple of

50:8. And as the rainbow giving light in bright clouds, and as the
flower of roses in the days of the spring, and as the lilies that are
on the brink of the water, and as the sweet smelling frankincense in
the time of summer.

50:9. As a bright fire, and frankincense burning in the fire.

50:10. As a massy vessel of gold, adorned with every precious stone.

50:11. As an olive tree budding forth, and a cypress tree rearing
itself on high, when he put on the robe of glory, and was clothed with
the perfection of power.

Clothed with the perfection of power. . .That is, with all the vestments
denoting his dignity and authority.

50:12. When he went up to the holy altar, he honoured the vesture of

50:13. And when he took the portions out of the hands of the priests,
he himself stood by the altar.  And about him was the ring of his
brethren:  and as the cedar planted in mount Libanus,

50:14. And as branches of palm trees, they stood round about him, and
all the sons of Aaron in their glory.

50:15. And the oblation of the Lord was in their hands, before all the
congregation of Israel:  and finishing his service, on the altar, to
honour the offering of the most high King,

50:16. He stretched forth his hand to make a libation, and offered of
the blood of the grape.

50:17. He poured out at the foot of the altar a divine odour to the
most high Prince.

50:18. Then the sons of Aaron shouted, they sounded with beaten
trumpets, and made a great noise to be heard for a remembrance before

50:19. Then all the people together made haste, and fell down to the
earth upon their faces, to adore the Lord their God, and to pray to the
Almighty God the most High.

50:20. And the singers lifted up their voices, and in the great house
the sound of sweet melody was increased.

50:21. And the people in prayer besought the Lord the most High, until
the worship of the Lord was perfected, and they had finished their

50:22. Then coming down, he lifted up his hands over all the
congregation of the children of Israel, to give glory to God with his
lips, and to glory in his name:

50:23. And he repeated his prayer, willing to shew the power of God.

50:24. And now pray ye to the God of all, who hath done great things in
all the earth, who hath increased our days from our mother's womb, and
hath done with us according to his mercy.

50:25. May he grant us joyfulness of heart, and that there be peace in
our days in Israel for ever:

50:26. That Israel may believe that the mercy of God is with us, to
deliver us in his days.

50:27. There are two nations which my soul abhorreth:  and the third is
no nation:  which I hate:

Abhorreth. . .Viz., with a holy indignation, as enemies of God and
persecutors of his people.  Such were then the Edomites who abode in
mount Seir, the Philistines, and the Samaritans who dwelt in Sichem,
and had their schismatical temple in that neighbourhood.

50:28. They that sit on mount Seir, and the Philistines, and the
foolish people that dwell in Sichem.

50:29. Jesus the son of Sirach, of Jerusalem, hath written in this book
the doctrine of wisdom and instruction, who renewed wisdom from his

50:30. Blessed is he that is conversant in these good things and he
that layeth them up in his heart, shall be wise always.

50:31. For if he do them, he shall be strong to do all things:  because
the light of God guideth his steps.

Ecclesiasticus Chapter 51

A prayer of praise and thanksgiving.

51:1. A prayer of Jesus the son of Sirach.  I will give glory to thee, O
Lord, O King, and I will praise thee, O God my Saviour.

51:2. I will give glory to thy name:  for thou hast been a helper and
protector to me.

51:3. And hast preserved my body from destruction, from the snare of an
unjust tongue, and from the lips of them that forge lies, and in the
sight of them that stood by, thou hast been my helper.

51:4. And thou hast delivered me, according to the multitude of the
mercy of thy name, from them that did roar, prepared to devour.

51:5. Out of the hands of them that sought my life, and from the gates
of afflictions, which compassed me about:

51:6. From the oppression of the flame which surrounded me, and in the
midst of the fire I was not burnt.

51:7. From the depth of the belly of hell, and from an unclean tongue,
and from lying words, from an unjust king, and from a slanderous

51:8. My soul shall praise the Lord even to death.

51:9. And my life was drawing near to hell beneath.

51:10. They compassed me on every side, and there was no one that would
help me.  I looked for the succour of men, and there was none.

51:11. I remembered thy mercy, O Lord, and thy works, which are from
the beginning of the world.

51:12. How thou deliverest them that wait for thee, O Lord, and savest
them out of the hands of the nations.

51:13. Thou hast exalted my dwelling place upon the earth and I have
prayed for death to pass away.

51:14. I called upon the Lord, the father of my Lord, that he would not
leave me in the day of my trouble, and in the time of the proud without

51:15. I will praise thy name continually, and will praise it with
thanksgiving, and my prayer was heard.

51:16. And thou hast saved me from destruction, and hast delivered me
from the evil time.

51:17. Therefore I will give thanks, and praise thee, and bless the
name of the Lord.

51:18. When I was yet young, before I wandered about, I sought for
wisdom openly in my prayer.

51:19. I prayed for her before the temple, and unto the very end I will
seek after her, and she flourished as a grape soon ripe.

51:20. My heart delighted in her, my foot walked in the right way, from
my youth up I sought after her.

51:21. I bowed down my ear a little, and received her.

51:22. I found much wisdom in myself, and profited much therein.

51:23. To him that giveth me wisdom, will I give glory.

51:24. For I have determined to follow her:  I have had a zeal for good,
and shall not be confounded.

51:25. My soul hath wrestled for her, and in doing it I have been

51:26. I stretched forth my hands on high, and I bewailed my ignorance
of her.

51:27. I directed my soul to her, and in knowledge I found her.

51:28. I possessed my heart with her from the beginning:  therefore I
shall not be forsaken.

51:29. My entrails were troubled in seeking her:  therefore shall I
possess a good possession.

51:30. The Lord hath given me a tongue for my reward:  and with it I
will praise him.

51:31. Draw near to me, ye unlearned, and gather yourselves together
into the hours of discipline.

51:32. Why are ye slow and what do you say of these things?  your souls
are exceeding thirsty.

51:33. I have opened my mouth, and have spoken:  buy her for yourselves
without silver,

51:34. And submit your neck to the yoke, and let your soul receive
discipline:  for she is near at hand to be found.

51:35. Behold with your eyes how I have laboured a little, and have
found much rest to myself.

51:36. Receive ye discipline as a great sum of money, and possess
abundance of gold by her.

51:37. Let your soul rejoice in his mercy and you shall not be
confounded in his praise.

51:38. Work your work before the time, and he will give you your reward
in his time.


This inspired writer is called by the Holy Ghost, the great prophet,
(Ecclesiasticus 48.25,) from the greatness of his prophetic spirit, by
which he hath foretold so long before, and in so clear a manner, the
coming of Christ, the mysteries of our redemption, the calling of the
Gentiles, and the glorious establishment, and perpetual flourishing of
the church of Christ:  insomuch that he may seem to have been rather an
evangelist than a prophet.  His very name is not without mystery; for
Isaias in Hebrew signifies the salvation of the Lord, or Jesus is the
Lord.  He was, according to the tradition of the Hebrews, of the blood
royal of the kings of Juda:  and after a most holy life, ended his days
by a glorious martyrdom; being sawed in two, at the command of his
wicked son in law, King Manasses, for reproving his evil ways.

Isaias Chapter 1

The prophet complains of the sins of Juda and Jerusalem, and exhorts
them to a sincere conversion.

1:1. The vision of Isaias the Son of Amos, which he saw concerning Juda
and Jerusalem in the days of Ozias, Joathan, Achaz, and Ezechias, kings
of Juda.

1:2. Hear, O ye heavens, and give ear, O earth, for the Lord hath
spoken.  I have brought up children, and exalted them:  but they have
despised me.

1:3. The ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his master's crib:  but
Israel hath not known me, and my people hath not understood.

1:4. Woe to the sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a wicked
seed, ungracious children:  they have forsaken the Lord, they have
blasphemed the Holy One of Israel, they are gone away backwards.

1:5. For what shall I strike you any more, you that increase
transgression?  the whole head is sick, and the whole heart is sad.

1:6. From the sole of the foot unto the top of the head, there is no
soundness therein:  wounds and bruises and swelling sores:  they are not
bound up, nor dressed, nor fomented with oil.

1:7. Your land is desolate, your cities are burnt with fire:  your
country strangers devour before your face, and it shall be desolate as
when wasted by enemies.

1:8. And the daughter of Sion shall be left as a covert in a vineyard,
and as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, and as a city that is laid

1:9. Except the Lord of hosts had left us seed, we had been as Sodom,
and we should have been like to Gomorrha.

1:10. Hear the word of the Lord, ye rulers of Sodom, give ear to the
law of our God, ye people of Gomorrha.

1:11. To what purpose do you offer me the multitude of your victims,
saith the Lord?  I am full, I desire not holocausts of rams, and fat of
fatlings, and blood of calves, and lambs, and buck goats.

1:12. When you came to appear before me, who required these things at
your hands, that you should walk in my courts?

1:13. Offer sacrifice no more in vain:  incense is an abomination to me.
The new moons, and the sabbaths and other festivals I will not abide,
your assemblies are wicked.

1:14. My soul hateth your new moons, and your solemnities:  they are
become troublesome to me, I am weary of bearing them.

1:15. And when you stretch forth your hands, I will turn away my eyes
from you:  and when you multiply prayer, I will not hear:  for your hands
are full of blood.

1:16. Wash yourselves, be clean, take away the evil of your devices
from my eyes, cease to do perversely,

1:17. Learn to do well:  seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge for
the fatherless, defend the widow.

1:18. And then come, and accuse me, saith the Lord:  if your sins be as
scarlet, they shall be made as white as snow:  and if they be red as
crimson, they shall be white as wool.

1:19. If you be willing, and will hearken to me, you shall eat the good
things of the land.

1:20. But if you will not, and will provoke me to wrath:  the sword
shall devour you because the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.

1:21. How is the faithful city, that was full of judgment, become a
harlot?  justice dwelt in it, but now murderers.

1:22. Thy silver is turned into dross:  thy wine is mingled with water.

1:23. Thy princes are faithless, companions of thieves:  they all love
bribes, they run after rewards.  They judge not for the fatherless:  and
the widow's cause cometh not in to them.

1:24. Therefore saith the Lord the God of hosts, the mighty one of
Israel:  Ah! I will comfort myself over my adversaries:  and I will be
revenged of my enemies.

1:25. And I will turn my hand to thee, and I will clean purge away thy
dross, and I will take away all thy tin.

1:26. And I will restore thy judges as they were before, and thy
counsellors as of old.  After this thou shalt be called the city of the
just, a faithful city.

1:27. Sion shall be redeemed in judgment, and they shall bring her back
in justice.

1:28. And he shall destroy the wicked, and the sinners together:  and
they that have forsaken the Lord, shall be consumed.

1:29. For they shall be confounded for the idols, to which they have
sacrificed:  and you shall be ashamed of the gardens which you have

1:30. When you shall be as an oak with the leaves falling off, and as a
garden without water.

1:31. And your strength shall be as the ashes of tow, and your work as
a spark:  and both shall burn together, and there shall be none to
quench it.

Isaias Chapter 2

All nations shall flow to the church of Christ.  The Jews shall be
rejected for their sins.  Idolatry shall be destroyed.

2:1. The word that Isaias the son of Amos saw, concerning Juda and

2:2. And in the last days the mountain of the house of the Lord shall
be prepared on the top of mountains, and it shall be exalted above the
hills, and all nations shall flow unto it.

The last days. . .The whole time of the new law, from the coming of
Christ till the end of the world, is called in the scripture the last
days; because no other age or time shall come after it, but only
eternity.--Ibid.  On the top of mountains, etc. . .This shews the
perpetual visibility of the church of Christ:  for a mountain upon the
top of mountains cannot be hid.

2:3. And many people shall go, and say:  Come and let us go up to the
mountain of the Lord, and to the house of the God of Jacob, and he will
teach us his ways, and we will walk in his paths:  for the law shall
come forth from Sion, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.

2:4. And he shall judge the Gentiles, and rebuke many people:  and they
shall turn their swords into ploughshares, and their spears into
sickles:  nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall
they be exercised any more to war.

2:5. O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the

2:6. For thou hast cast off thy people, the house of Jacob:  because
they are filled as in times past, and have had soothsayers as the
Philistines, and have adhered to strange children.

2:7. Their land is filled with silver and gold:  and there is no end of
their treasures.

2:8. And their land is filled with horses:  and their chariots are
innumerable.  Their land also is full of idols:  they have adored the
work of their own hands, which their own fingers have made.

2:9. And man hath bowed himself down, and man hath been debased:
therefore forgive them not.

2:10. Enter thou into the rock, and hide thee in the pit from the face
of the fear of the Lord, and from the glory of his majesty.

2:11. The lofty eyes of man are humbled, and the haughtiness of men
shall be made to stoop:  and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that

2:12. Because the day of the Lord of hosts shall be upon every one that
is proud and highminded, and upon every one that is arrogant, and he
shall be humbled.

2:13. And upon all the tall and lofty cedars of Libanus, and upon all
the oaks of Basan.

2:14. And upon all the high mountains and upon all the elevated hills.

2:15. And upon every high tower, and every fenced wall.

2:16. And upon all the ships of Tharsis, and upon all that is fair to

2:17. And the loftiness of men shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness
of men shall be humbled, and the Lord alone shall be exalted in that

2:18. And idols shall be utterly destroyed.

Idols shall be utterly destroyed. . .or utterly pass away.  This was
verified by the establishment of Christianity.  And by this and other
texts of the like nature, the wild system of some modern sectaries is
abundantly confuted, who charge the whole Christian church with
worshipping idols, for many ages.

2:19. And they shall go into the holes of rocks, and into the caves of
the earth from the face of the fear of the Lord, and from the glory of
his majesty, when he shall rise up to strike the earth.

2:20. In that day a man shall cast away his idols of silver, and his
idols of gold, which he had made for himself to adore, moles and bats.

2:21. And he shall go into the clefts of rocks, and into the holes of
stones from the face of the fear of the Lord, and from the glory of his
majesty, when he shall rise up to strike the earth.

2:22. Cease ye therefore from the man, whose breath is in his nostrils,
for he is reputed high.

Isaias Chapter 3

The confusion and other evils that shall come upon the Jews for their
sins.  The pride of their women shall be punished.

3:1. For behold the sovereign Lord of hosts shall take away from
Jerusalem, and from Juda the valiant and the strong, the whole strength
of bread, and the whole strength of water.

3:2. The strong man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet and
the cunning man, and the ancient.

3:3. The captain over fifty, and the honourable in countenance, and the
counsellor, and the architect, and the skilful in eloquent speech.

3:4. And I will give children to be their princes, and the effeminate
shall rule over them.

3:5. And the people shall rush one upon another, and every man against
his neighbour:  the child shall make a tumult against the ancient, and
the base against the honourable.

3:6. For a man shall take hold of his brother, one of the house of his
father, saying:  Thou hast a garment, be thou our ruler, and let this
ruin be under thy hand.

3:7. In that day he shall answer, saying:  I am no healer, and in my
house there is no bread, nor clothing:  make me not ruler of the people.

3:8. For Jerusalem is ruined, and Juda is fallen:  because their tongue,
and their devices are against the Lord, to provoke the eyes of his

3:9. The shew of their countenance hath answered them:  and they have
proclaimed abroad their sin as Sodom, and they have not hid it:  woe to
their souls, for evils are rendered to them.

3:10. Say to the just man that it is well, for he shall eat the fruit
of his doings.

3:11. Woe to the wicked unto evil:  for the reward of his hands shall be
given him.

3:12. As for my people, their oppressors have stripped them, and women
have ruled over them.  O my people, they that call thee blessed, the
same deceive thee, and destroy the way of thy steps.

3:13. The Lord standeth up to judge, and he standeth to judge the

3:14. The Lord will enter into judgment with the ancients of his
people, and its princes:  for you have devoured the vineyard, and the
spoil of the poor is in your house.

3:15. Why do you consume my people, and grind the faces of the poor?
saith the Lord the God of hosts.

3:16. And the Lord said:  Because the daughters of Sion are haughty, and
have walked with stretched out necks, and wanton glances of their eyes,
and made a noise as they walked with their feet and moved in a set

3:17. The Lord will make bald the crown of the head of the daughters of
Sion, and the Lord will discover their hair.

3:18. In that day the Lord will take away the ornaments of shoes, and
little moons,

3:19. And chains and necklaces, and bracelets, and bonnets,

3:20. And bodkins, and ornaments of the legs, and tablets, and sweet
balls, and earrings,

3:21. And rings, and jewels hanging on the forehead,

3:22. And changes of apparel, and short cloaks, and fine linen, and
crisping pins,

3:23. And lookingglasses, and lawns, and headbands, and fine veils.

3:24. And instead of a sweet smell there shall be stench, and instead
of a girdle, a cord, and instead of curled hair, baldness, and instead
of a stomacher, haircloth.

3:25. Thy fairest men also shall fall by the sword, and thy valiant
ones in battle.

3:26. And her gates shall lament and mourn, and she shall sit desolate
on the ground.

Isaias Chapter 4

After an extremity of evils that shall fall upon the Jews, a remnant
shall be comforted by Christ.

4:1. And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying:  We
will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel:  only let us be called
by thy name, take away our reproach.

4:2. In that day the bud of the Lord shall be in magnificence and
glory, and the fruit of the earth shall be high, and a great joy to
them that shall have escaped of Israel.

The bud of the Lord. . .That is, Christ.

4:3. And it shall come to pass, that every one that shall be left in
Sion, and that shall remain in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, every
one that is written in life in Jerusalem.

4:4. If the Lord shall wash away the filth of the daughters of Sion,
and shall wash away the blood of Jerusalem out of the midst thereof, by
the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.

4:5. And the Lord will create upon every place of mount Sion, and where
he is called upon, a cloud by day, and a smoke and the brightness of a
flaming fire in the night:  for over all the glory shall be a

4:6. And there shall be a tabernacle for a shade in the daytime from
the heat, and for a security and covert from the whirlwind, and from

Isaias Chapter 5

The reprobation of the Jews is foreshewn under the parable of a
vineyard.  A woe is pronounced against sinners:  the army of God shall
send against them.

5:1. I will sing to my beloved the canticle of my cousin concerning his
vineyard.  My beloved had a vineyard on a hill in a fruitful place.

My cousin. . .So the prophet calls Christ, as being of his family and
kindred, by descending from the house of David.  Ibid.  On a hill,
etc. . .Literally, in the horn, the son of oil.

5:2. And he fenced it in, and picked the stones out of it, and planted
it with the choicest vines, and built a tower in the midst thereof, and
set up a winepress therein:  and he looked that it should bring forth
grapes, and it brought forth wild grapes.

5:3. And now, O ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and ye men of Juda, judge
between me and my vineyard.

5:4. What is there that I ought to do more to my vineyard, that I have
not done to it?  was it that I looked that it should bring forth grapes,
and it hath brought forth wild grapes?

5:5. And now I will shew you what I will do to my vineyard.  I will take
away the hedge thereof, and it shall be wasted:  I will break down the
wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down.

5:6. And I will make it desolate:  it shall not be pruned, and it shall
not be digged:  but briers and thorns shall come up:  and I will command
the clouds to rain no rain upon it.

5:7. For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel:  and
the man of Juda, his pleasant plant:  and I looked that he should do
judgment, and behold iniquity:  and do justice, and behold a cry.

5:8. Woe to you that join house to house and lay field to field, even
to the end of the place:  shall you alone dwell in the midst of the

5:9. These things are in my ears, saith the Lord of hosts:  Unless many
great and fair houses shall become desolate, without an inhabitant.

5:10. For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one little measure, and
thirty bushels of seed shall yield three bushels.

5:11. Woe to you that rise up early in the morning to follow
drunkenness, and to drink in the evening, to be inflamed with wine.

5:12. The harp, and the lyre, and, the timbrel and the pipe, and wine
are in your feasts:  and the work of the Lord you regard not, nor do you
consider the works of his hands.

5:13. Therefore is my people led away captive, because they had not
knowledge, and their nobles have perished with famine, and their
multitude were dried up with thirst.

5:14. Therefore hath hell enlarged her soul, and opened her mouth
without any bounds, and their strong ones, and their people, and their
high and glorious ones shall go down into it.

5:15. And man shall be brought down, and man shall be humbled, and the
eyes of the lofty shall be brought low.

5:16. And the Lord of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and the holy
God shall be sanctified in justice.

5:17. And the lambs shall feed according to their order, and strangers
shall eat the deserts turned into fruitfulness.

5:18. Woe to you that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as
the rope of a cart.

5:19. That say:  Let him make haste, and let his work come quickly, that
we may see it:  and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel come, that
we may know it.

5:20. Woe to you that call evil good, and good evil:  that put darkness
for light, and light for darkness:  that put bitter for sweet, and sweet
for bitter.

5:21. Woe to you that are wise in your own eyes, and prudent in your
own conceits.

5:22. Woe to you that are mighty to drink wine, and stout men at

5:23. That justify the wicked for gifts, and take away the justice of
the just from him.

5:24. Therefore as the tongue of the fire devoureth the stubble, and
the heat of the flame consumeth it:  so shall their root be as ashes,
and their bud shall go up as dust:  for they have cast away the law of
the Lord of hosts, and have blasphemed the word of the Holy One of

5:25. Therefore is the wrath of the Lord kindled against his people,
and he hath stretched out his hand upon them, and struck them:  and the
mountains were troubles, and their carcasses became as dung in the
midst of the streets.  For after this his anger is not turned away, but
his hand is stretched out still.

5:26. And he will lift up a sign to the nations afar off, and will
whistle to them from the ends of the earth:  and behold they shall come
with speed swiftly.

5:27. There is none that shall faint, nor labour among them:  they shall
not slumber nor sleep, neither shall the girdle of their loins be
loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken.

5:28. Their arrows are sharp, and all their bows are bent.  The hoofs of
their horses shall be like the flint, and their wheels like the
violence of a tempest.

5:29. Their roaring like that of a lion, they shall roar like young
lions:  yea they shall roar, and take hold of the prey, and they shall
keep fast hold of it, and there shall be none to deliver it.

5:30. And they shall make a noise against them that day, like the
roaring of the sea; we shall look towards the land, and behold darkness
of tribulation, and the light is darkened with the mist thereof.

Isaias Chapter 6

A glorious vision, in which the prophet's lips are cleansed:  he
foretelleth the obstinacy of the Jews.

6:1. In the year that king Ozias died, I saw the Lord sitting upon a
throne high and elevated:  and his train filled the temple.

6:2. Upon it stood the seraphims:  the one had six wings, and the other
had six wings:  with two they covered his face, and with two they
covered his feet, and with two they flew.

6:3. And they cried one to another, and said:  Holy, holy, holy, the
Lord God of hosts, all the earth is full of his glory,

6:4. And the lintels of the doors were moved at the voice of him that
cried, and the house was filled with smoke.

6:5. And I said:  Woe is me, because I have held my peace; because I am
a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people that hath
unclean lips, and I have seen with my eyes the King the Lord of hosts.

6:6. And one of the seraphims flew to me, and in his hand was a live
coal, which he had taken with the tongs off the altar.

6:7. And he touched my mouth, and said:  Behold this hath touched thy
lips, and thy iniquities shall be taken away, and thy sin shall be

6:8. And I heard the voice of the Lord, saying:  Whom shall I send?  and
who shall go for us?  And I said:  Lo, here am I, send me.

6:9. And he said:  Go, and thou shalt say to this people:  Hearing, hear,
and understand not:  and see the vision, and know it not.

6:10. Blind the heart of this people, and make their ears heavy, and
shut their eyes:  lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their
ears, and understand with their heart, and be converted and I heal

6:11. And I said:  How long, O Lord?  And he said:  Until the cities be
wasted without inhabitant, and the houses without man, and the land
shall be left desolate.

6:12. And the Lord shall remove men far away, and she shall be
multiplied that was left in the midst of the earth.

6:13. And there shall be still a tithing therein, and she shall turn,
and shall be made a show as a turpentine tree, and as an oak that
spreadeth its branches:  that which shall stand therein, shall be a holy

Isaias Chapter 7

The prophet assures king Achaz that the two kings his enemies shall not
take Jerusalem.  A virgin shall conceive and bear a son.

7:1. And it came to pass in the days of Achaz the son of Joathan, the
son of Ozias, king of Juda, that Rasin king of Syria and Phacee the son
of Romelia king of Israel, came up to Jerusalem, to fight against it:
but they could not prevail over it.

7:2. And they told the house of David, saying:  Syria hath rested upon
Ephraim, and his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the
trees of the woods are moved with the wind.

7:3. And the Lord said to Isaias:  Go forth to meet Achaz, thou and
Jasub thy son that is left, to the conduit of the upper pool in the way
of the fuller's field.

7:4. And thou shalt say to him:  See thou be quiet:  fear not, and let
not thy heart be afraid of the two tails of these firebrands, smoking
with the wrath of the fury of Rasin king of Syria, and of the son of

7:5. Because Syria hath taken counsel against thee, unto the evil of
Ephraim and the son of Romelia, saying:

7:6. Let us go up to Juda, and rouse it up, and draw it away to us, and
make the son of Tabeel king in the midst thereof.

7:7. Thus saith the Lord God:  It shall not stand, and this shall not

7:8. But the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is
Rasin:  and within threescore and five years, Ephraim shall cease to be
a people:

7:9. And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is the
son of Romelia.  If you will not believe, you shall not continue.

7:10. And the Lord spoke again to Achaz, saying:

7:11. Ask thee a sign of the Lord thy God, either unto the depth of
hell, or unto the height above.

7:12. And Achaz said:  I will not ask, and I will not tempt the Lord.

7:13. And he said:  Hear ye therefore, O house of David:  Is it a small
thing for you to be grievous to men, that you are grievous to my God

7:14. Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign.  Behold a virgin
shall conceive, and bear a son and his name shall be called Emmanuel.

7:15. He shall eat butter and honey, that he may know to refuse the
evil, and to choose the good.

7:16. For before the child know to refuse the evil and to choose the
good, the land which thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of the face of
her two kings.

7:17. The Lord shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon the
house of thy father, days that have not come since the time of the
separation of Ephraim from Juda with the king of the Assyrians.

7:18. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall hiss
for the fly, that is in the uttermost parts of the rivers of Egypt, and
for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.

7:19. And they shall come, and shall all of them rest in the torrents
of the valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all places set
with shrubs, and in all hollow places.

7:20. In that day the Lord shall shave with a razor that is hired by
them that are beyond the river, by the king of the Assyrians, the head
and the hairs of the feet, and the whole beard.

7:21. And it shall come to pass in that day, that a man shall nourish a
young cow, and two sheep.

7:22. And for the abundance of milk he shall eat butter:  for butter and
honey shall every one eat that shall be left in the midst of the land.

7:23. And it shall come to pass in that day, that every place where
there were a thousand vines, at a thousand pieces of silver, shall
become thorns and briers.

7:24. With arrows and with bows they shall go in thither:  for briers
and thorns shall be in all the land.

7:25. And as for the hills that shall be raked with a rake, the fear of
thorns and briers shall not come thither, but they shall be for the ox
to feed on, and the lesser cattle to tread upon.

Isaias Chapter 8

The name of a child that is to be born:  many evils shall come upon the
Jews for their sins.

8:1. And the Lord said to me:  Take thee a great book, and write in it
with a man's pen.  Take away the spoils with speed, quickly take the

8:2. And I took unto me faithful witnesses, Urias the priest, and
Zacharias the son of Barachias.

8:3. And I went to the prophetess, and she conceived, and bore a son.
And the Lord said to me:  Call his name, Hasten to take away the spoils:
Make hast to take away the prey.

8:4. For before the child know to call his father and his mother, the
strength of Damascus, and the spoils of Samaria shall be taken away
before the king of the Assyrians.

8:5. And the Lord spoke to me again, saying:

8:6. Forasmuch as this people hath cast away the waters of Siloe, that
go with silence, and hath rather taken Rasin, and the son of Romelia:

8:7. Therefore behold the Lord will bring upon them the waters of the
river strong and many, the king of the Assyrians, and all his glory:
and he shall come up over all his channels, and shall overflow all his

8:8. And shall pass through Juda, overflowing, and going over shall
reach even to the neck.  And the stretching out of his wings shall fill
the breadth of thy, land, O Emmanuel.

8:9. Gather yourselves together, O ye people, and be overcome, and give
ear, all ye lands afar off:  strengthen yourselves, and be overcome,
gird yourselves, and be overcome.

8:10. Take counsel together, and it shall be defeated:  speak a word,
and it shall not be done:  because God is with us.

8:11. For thus saith the Lord to me:  As he hath taught me, with a
strong arm, that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying:

8:12. Say ye not:  A conspiracy:  for all that this people speaketh, is a
conspiracy:  neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.

8:13. Sanctify the Lord of hosts himself:  and let him be your fear, and
let him be your dread.

8:14. And he shall be a sanctification to you.  But for a stone of
stumbling, and for a rock of offence to the two houses of Israel, for a
snare and a ruin to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

8:15. And very many of them shall stumble and fall, and shall be broken
in pieces, and shall be snared, and taken.

8:16. Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.

8:17. And I will wait for the Lord, who hath hid his face from the
house of Jacob, and I will look for him.

8:18. Behold I and my children, whom the Lord hath given me for a sign,
and for a wonder in Israel from the Lord of hosts, who dwelleth in
mount Sion.

8:19. And when they shall say to you:  Seek of pythons, and of diviners,
who mutter in their enchantments:  should not the people seek of their
God, for the living of the dead?

Seek of pythons. . .That is, people pretending to tell future things by
a prophesying spirit.--Ibid.  Should not the people seek of their God,
for the living of the dead?. . .Here is signified, that it is to God we
should pray to be directed, and not to seek of the dead, (that is, of
fortune-tellers dead in sin,) for the health of the living.

8:20. To the law rather, and to the testimony.  And if they speak not
according to this word, they shall not have the morning light.

8:21. And they shall pass by it, they shall fall, and be hungry:  and
when they shall be hungry, they will be angry, and curse their king,
and their God, and look upwards.

8:22. And they shall look to the earth, and behold trouble and
darkness, weakness and distress, and a mist following them, and they
cannot fly away from their distress.

Isaias Chapter 9

What joy shall come after afflictions by the birth and kingdom of
Christ; which shall flourish for ever.  Judgments upon Israel for their

9:1. At the first time the land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephtali
was lightly touched:  and at the last the way of the sea beyond the
Jordan of the Galilee of the Gentiles was heavily loaded.

9:2. The people that walked in darkness, have seen a great light:  to
them that dwelt in the region of the shadow of death, light is risen.

9:3. Thou hast multiplied the nation, and hast not increased the joy.
They shall rejoice before thee, as they that rejoice in the harvest, as
conquerors rejoice after taking a prey, when they divide the spoils.

9:4. For the yoke of their burden, and the rod of their shoulder, and
the sceptre of their oppressor thou hast overcome, as in the day of

9:5. For every violent taking of spoils, with tumult, and garment
mingled with blood, shall be burnt, and be fuel for the fire.

9:6. For a CHILD IS BORN to us, and a son is given to us, and the
government is upon his shoulder:  and his name shall be called
Wonderful, Counsellor, God the Mighty, the Father of the world to come,
the Prince of Peace.

9:7. His empire shall be multiplied, and there shall be no end of
peace:  he shall sit upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom; to
establish it and strengthen it with judgment and with justice, from
henceforth and for ever:  the zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform

9:8. The Lord sent a word into Jacob, and it hath lighted upon Israel.

9:9. And all the people of Ephraim shall know, and the inhabitants of
Samaria that say in the pride and haughtiness of their heart:

9:10. The bricks are fallen down, but we will build with square stones:
they have cut down the sycamores, but we will change them for cedars.

9:11. And the Lord shall set up the enemies of Rasin over him, and
shall bring on his enemies in a crowd:

9:12. The Syrians from the east, and, the Philistines from the west:
and they shall devour Israel with open mouth.  For all this his
indignation is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still.

9:13. And the people are not returned to him who hath struck them, and
have not sought after the Lord of hosts.

9:14. And the Lord shall destroy out of Israel the head and the tail,
him that bendeth down, and him that holdeth back, in one day.

9:15. The aged and honourable, he is the head:  and the prophet that
teacheth lies, he is the tail.

9:16. And they that call this people blessed, shall cause them to err:
and they that are called blessed, shall be thrown down, headlong.

9:17. Therefore the Lord shall have no joy in their young men:  neither
shall he have mercy on their fatherless, and widows:  for every one is a
hypocrite and wicked, and every mouth hath spoken folly.  For all this
his indignation is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out

9:18. For wickedness is kindled as a fire, it shall devour the brier
and the thorn:  and shall kindle in the thicket of the forest, and it
shall be wrapped up in smoke ascending on high.

9:19. By the wrath of the Lord of hosts the land is troubled, and the
people shall be as fuel for the fire:  no man shall spare his brother.

9:20. And he shall turn to the right hand, and shall be hungry:  and
shall eat on the left hand, and shall not be filled:  every one shall
eat the flesh of his own arm:  Manasses Ephraim, and Ephraim Manasses,
and they together shall be against Juda.

9:21. After all these things his indignation is not turned away, but
his hand is stretched out still.

Isaias Chapter 10

Woe to the makers of wicked laws.  The Assyrian shall be a rod for
punishing Israel:  but for their pride they shall be destroyed:  and a
remnant of Israel saved.

10:1. Woe to them that make wicked laws:  and when they write, write

10:2. To oppress the poor in judgment, and do violence to the cause of
the humble of my people:  that widows might be their prey, and that they
might rob the fatherless.

10:3. What will you do in the day of visitation, and of the calamity
which cometh from afar?  to whom will ye flee for help?  and where will
ye leave your glory?

10:4. That you be not bowed down under the bond, and fall with the
slain?  In all these things his anger is not turned away, but his hand
is stretched out still.

10:5. Woe to the Assyrian, he is the rod and the staff of my anger, and
my indignation is in their hands.

10:6. I will send him to a deceitful nation, and I will give him a
charge against the people of my wrath, to take away the spoils, and to
lay hold on the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the

10:7. But he shall not take it so, and his heart shall not think so:
but his heart shall be set to destroy, and to cut off nations not a

10:8. For he shall say:

10:9. Are not my princes as so many kings?  is not Calano as Charcamis:
and Emath as Arphad?  is not Samaria as Damascus?

10:10. As my hand hath found the kingdoms of the idol, so also their
idols of Jerusalem, and of Samaria.

10:11. Shall I not, as I have done to Samaria and her idols, so do to
Jerusalem and her idols?

10:12. And it shall come to pass, that when the Lord shall have
performed all his works in mount Sion, and in Jerusalem, I will visit
the fruit of the proud heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of
the haughtiness of his eyes.

10:13. For he hath said:  By the strength of my own hand I have done it,
and by my own wisdom I have understood:  and I have removed the bounds
of the people, and have taken the spoils of the princes, and as a
mighty man hath pulled down them that sat on high.

10:14. And my hand hath found the strength of the people as a nest; and
as eggs are gathered, that are left, so have I gathered all the earth:
and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or made
the least noise.

10:15. Shall the axe boast itself against him that cutteth with it?  or
shall the saw exalt itself against him by whom it is drawn?  as if a rod
should lift itself up against him that lifteth it up, and a staff exalt
itself, which is but wood.

10:16. Therefore the sovereign Lord, the Lord of hosts, shall send
leanness among his fat ones:  and under his glory shall be kindled a
burning, as it were the burning of a fire.

10:17. And the light of Israel shall be as a fire, and the Holy One
thereof as a flame:  and his thorns and his briers shall be set on fire,
and shall be devoured in one day.

10:18. And the glory of his forest, and of his beautiful hill, shall be
consumed from the soul even to the flesh, and he shall run away through

10:19. And they that remain of the trees of his forest shall be so few,
that they shall easily be numbered, and a child shall write them down.

10:20. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of
Israel, and they that shall escape of the house of Jacob, shall lean no
more upon him that striketh them:  but they shall lean upon the Lord the
Holy One of Israel, in truth.

10:21. The remnant shall be converted, the remnant, I say, of Jacob, to
the mighty God.

10:22. For if thy people, O Israel, shall be as the sand of the sea, a
remnant of them shall be converted, the consumption abridged shall
overflow with justice.

A remnant of them shall be converted. . .This was partly verified in the
children of Israel who remained after the devastations of the
Assyrians, in the time of king Ezechias:  and partly in the conversion
of a remnant of the Jews to the faithful of Christ.--Ibid.  The
consumption abridged, etc. . .That is, the number of them cut short, and
reduced to few, shall flourish in abundance of justice.

10:23. For the Lord God of hosts shall make a consumption, and an
abridgment in the midst of all the land.

10:24. Therefore, thus saith the Lord the God of hosts:  O my people
that dwellest in Sion, be not afraid of the Assyrian:  he shall strike
thee with his rod, and he shall lift up his staff over thee in the way
of Egypt.

10:25. For yet a little and a very little while, and my indignation
shall cease, and my wrath shall be upon their wickedness.

10:26. And the Lord of hosts shall raise up a scourge against him,
according to the slaughter of Madian in the rock of Oreb, and his rod
over the sea, and he shall lift it up in the way of Egypt.

10:27. And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be
taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and
the yoke shall putrefy at the presence of the oil.

At the presence of the oil. . .That is, by the sweet unction of divine

10:28. He shall come into Aiath, he shall pass into Magron:  at Machmas
he shall lay up his carriages.

Into Aiath, etc. . .Here the prophet describes the march of the
Assyrians under Sennacherib; and the terror they should carry with
them; and how they should suddenly be destroyed.

10:29. They have passed in haste, Gaba is our lodging:  Rama was
astonished, Gabaath of Saul fled away.

10:30. Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim, attend, O Laisa, poor

10:31. Medemena is removed:  ye inhabitants of Gabim, take courage.

10:32. It is yet day enough, to remain in Nobe:  he shall shake his hand
against the mountain of the daughter of Sion, the hill of Jerusalem.

10:33. Behold the sovereign Lord of hosts shall break the earthen
vessel with terror, and the tall of stature shall be cut down, and the
lofty shall be humbled.

10:34. And the thickets of the forest shall be cut down with iron, and
Libanus with its high ones shall fall.

Isaias Chapter 11

Of the spiritual kingdom of Christ, to which all nations shall repair.

11:1. And there shall come forth a rod out of the root of Jesse, and a
flower shall rise up out of his root.

11:2. And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him:  the spirit of
wisdom, and of understanding, the spirit of counsel, and of fortitude,
the spirit of knowledge, and of godliness.

11:3. And he shall be filled with the spirit of the fear of the Lord,
He shall not judge according to the sight of the eyes, nor reprove
according to the hearing of the ears.

11:4. But he shall judge the poor with justice, and shall reprove with
equity the meek of the earth:  and he shall strike the earth with the
rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he shall slay the

11:5. And justice shall be the girdle of his loins:  and faith the
girdle of his reins.

11:6. The wolf shall dwell with the lamb:  and the leopard shall lie
down with the kid:  the calf and the lion, and the sheep shall abide
together, and a little child shall lead them.

11:7. The calf and the bear shall feed:  their young ones shall rest
together:  and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.

11:8. And the sucking child shall play on other hole of the asp:  and
the weaned child shall thrust his hand into the den of the basilisk.

11:9. They shall not hurt, nor shall they kill in all my holy mountain,
for the earth is filled with the knowledge of the Lord, as the covering
waters of the sea.

11:10. In that day the root of Jesse, who standeth for an ensign of the
people, him the Gentiles shall beseech, and his sepulchre shall be

11:11. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set
his hand the second time to possess the remnant of his people, which
shall be left from the Assyrians, and from Egypt, and from Phetros, and
from Ethiopia, and from Elam, and from Sennaar, and from Emath, and
from the islands of the sea.

11:12. And he shall set up a standard unto the nations, and shall
assemble the fugitives of Israel, and shall gather together the
dispersed of Juda from the four quarters of the earth.

11:13. And the envy of Ephraim shall be taken away, and the enemies of
Juda shall perish:  Ephraim shall not envy Juda, and Juda shall not
fight against Ephraim.

11:14. But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines by the
sea, they together shall spoil the children of the east:  Edom, till
Moab shall be under the rule of their hand, and the children of Ammon
shall be obedient.

11:15. And the Lord shall lay waste the tongue of the sea of Egypt, and
shall lift up his hand over the river in the strength of his spirit:
and he shall strike it in the seven streams, so that men may pass
through it in their shoes.

11:16. And there shall be a highway for the remnant of my people, which
shall be left from the Assyrians:  as there was for Israel in the day
that he came up out of the land of Egypt.

Isaias Chapter 12

A canticle of thanksgiving for the benefits of Christ.

12:1. And thou shalt say in that day:  I will give thanks to thee, O
Lord, for thou wast angry with me:  thy wrath is turned away, and thou
hast comforted me.

12:2. Behold, God is my saviour, I will deal confidently, and will not
fear:  because the Lord is my strength, and my praise, and he is become
my salvation.

12:3. Thou shall draw waters with joy out of the saviour's fountains:

12:4. And you shall say in that day:  Praise ye the Lord, and call upon
his name:  make his works known among the people:  remember that his name
is high.

12:5. Sing ye to the Lord, for he hath done great things:  shew this
forth in all the earth.

12:6. Rejoice, and praise, O thou habitation of Sion:  for great is he
that is in the midst of thee, the Holy One of Israel.

Isaias Chapter 13

The desolation of Babylon.

13:1. The burden of Babylon which Isaias the son of Amos saw.

The burden of Babylon. . .That is, a prophecy against Babylon.

13:2. Upon the dark mountain lift ye up a banner, exalt the voice, lift
up the hand, and let the rulers go into the gates.

13:3. I have commanded my sanctified ones, and have called my strong
ones in my wrath, them that rejoice in my glory.

13:4. The noise of a multitude in the mountains, as it were of many
people, the noise of the sound of kings, of nations gathered together:
the Lord of hosts hath given charge to the troops of war.

13:5. To them that come from a country afar off, from the end of
heaven:  the Lord and the instruments of his wrath, to destroy the whole

13:6. Howl ye, for the day of the Lord is near:  it shall come as a
destruction from the Lord.

13:7. Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every heart of man shall

13:8. And shall be broken.  Gripings and pains, shall take hold of them,
they shall be in pain as a woman in labour.  Every one shall be amazed
at his neighbour, their countenances shall be as faces burnt.

13:9. Behold, the day of the Lord shall come, a cruel day, and full of
indignation, and of wrath, and fury, to lay the land desolate, and to
destroy the sinners thereof out of it.

13:10. For the stars of heaven, and their brightness shall not display
their light:  the sun shall be darkened in his rising, and the moon
shall not shine with her light.

13:11. And I will visit the evils of the world, and against the wicked
for their iniquity:  and I will make the pride of infidels to cease, and
will bring down the arrogancy of the mighty.

13:12. A man shall be more precious than gold, yea a man than the
finest of gold.

13:13. For this I will trouble the heaven:  and the earth shall be moved
out of her place, for the indignation of the Lord of hosts, and for the
day of his fierce wrath.

13:14. And they shall be as a doe fleeing away, and as a sheep:  and
there shall be none to gather them together:  every man shall turn to
his own people, and every one shall flee to his own land.

13:15. Every one that shall be found, shall be slain:  and every one
that shall come to their aid, shall fall by the sword.

13:16. Their inhabitants shall be dashed in pieces before their eyes:
their houses shall be pillaged, and their wives shall be ravished.

13:17. Behold I will stir up the Medes against them, who shall not seek
silver, nor desire gold:

13:18. But with their arrows they shall kill the children, and shall
have no pity upon the sucklings of the womb, and their eye shall not
spare their sons.

13:19. And that Babylon, glorious among kingdoms, the famous pride of
the Chaldeans, shall be even as the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrha.

13:20. It shall no more be inhabited for ever, and it shall not be
founded unto generation and generation:  neither shall the Arabian pitch
his tents there, nor shall shepherds rest there.

13:21. But wild beasts shall rest there, and their houses shall be
filled with serpents, and ostriches shall dwell there, and the hairy
ones shall dance there:

13:22. And owls shall answer one another there, in the houses thereof,
and sirens in the temples of pleasure.

Isaias Chapter 14

The restoration of Israel after their captivity.  The parable or song
insulting over the king of Babylon.  A prophecy against the Philistines.

14:1. Her time is near at hand, and her days shall not be prolonged.
For the Lord will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose out of
Israel, and will make them rest upon their own ground:  and the stranger
shall be joined with them, and shall adhere to the house of Jacob.

14:2. And the people shall take them, and bring them into their place:
and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of the Lord for
servants and handmaids:  and they shall make them captives that had
taken them, and shall subdue their oppressors.

14:3. And it shall come to pass in that day, that when God shall give
thee rest from thy labour, and from thy vexation, and from the hard
bondage, wherewith thou didst serve before,

14:4. Thou shalt take up this parable against the king of Babylon, and
shalt say:  How is the oppressor come to nothing, the tribute hath

14:5. The Lord hath broken the staff of the wicked, the rod of the

14:6. That struck the people in wrath with an incurable wound, that
brought nations under in fury, that persecuted in a cruel manner.

14:7. The whole earth is quiet and still, it is glad and hath rejoiced.

14:8. The fir trees also have rejoiced over thee, and the cedars of
Libanus, saying:  Since thou hast slept, there hath none come up to cut
us down.

14:9. Hell below was in an uproar to meet thee at thy coming, it
stirred up the giants for thee.  All the princes of the earth are risen
up from their thrones, all the princes of nations.

14:10. All shall answer, and say to thee:  Thou also art wounded as well
as we, thou art become like unto us.

14:11. Thy pride is brought down to hell, thy carcass is fallen down:
under thee shall the moth be strewed, and worms shall be thy covering.

14:12. How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, who didst rise in
the morning?  how art thou fallen to the earth, that didst wound the

O Lucifer. . .O day star.  All this, according to the letter, is spoken
of the king of Babylon.  It may also be applied, in a spiritual sense,
to Lucifer the prince of devils, who was created a bright angel, but
fell by pride and rebellion against God.

14:13. And thou saidst in thy heart:  I will ascend into heaven, I will
exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of
the covenant, in the sides of the north.

14:14. I will ascend above the height of the clouds, I will be like the
most High.

14:15. But yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, into the depth of
the pit.

14:16. They that shall see thee, shall turn toward thee, and behold
thee.  Is this the man that troubled the earth, that shook kingdoms,

14:17. That made the world a wilderness, and destroyed the cities
thereof, that opened not the prison to his prisoners?

14:18. All the kings of the nations have all of them slept in glory,
every one in his own house.

14:19. But thou art cast out of thy grave, as an unprofitable branch
defiled, and wrapped up among them that were slain by the sword, and
art gone down to the bottom of the pit, as a rotten carcass.

14:20. Thou shalt not keep company with them, even in burial:  for thou
hast destroyed thy land, thou hast slain thy people:  the seed of the
wicked shall not be named for ever.

14:21. Prepare his children for slaughter for the iniquity of their
fathers:  they shall not rise up, nor inherit the land, nor fill the
face of the world with cities.

14:22. And I will rise up against them, saith the Lord of hosts:  and I
will destroy the name of Babylon, and the remains, and the bud, and the
offspring, saith the Lord.

14:23. And I will make it a possession for the ericius and pools of
waters, and I will sweep it and wear it out with a besom, saith the
Lord of hosts.

14:24. The Lord of hosts hath sworn, saying:  Surely as I have thought,
so shall it be:  and as I have purposed,

14:25. So shall it fall out:  That I will destroy the Assyrian in my
land, and upon my mountains tread him under foot:  and his yoke shall be
taken away from them, and his burden shall be taken off their shoulder.

14:26. This is the counsel, that I have purposed upon all the earth,
and this is the hand that is stretched out upon all nations.

14:27. For the Lord of hosts hath decreed, and who can disannul it?  and
his hand is stretched out:  and who shall turn it away?

14:28. In the year that king Achaz died, was this burden:

14:29. Rejoice not thou, whole Philistia, that the rod of him that
struck thee is broken in pieces:  for out of the root of the serpent
shall come forth a basilisk, and his seed shall swallow the bird.

14:30. And the firstborn of the poor shall be fed, and the poor shall
rest with confidence:  and I will make thy root perish with famine, and
I will kill thy remnant.

14:31. Howl, O gate; cry, O city:  all Philistia is thrown down:  for a
smoke shall come from the north, and there is none that shall escape
his troop.

14:32. And what shall be answered to the messengers of the nations?
That the Lord hath founded Sion, and the poor of his people shall hope
in him.

Isaias Chapter 15

A prophecy of the desolation of the Moabites.

15:1. The burden of Moab.  Because in the night Ar of Moab is laid
waste, it is silent:  because the wall of Moab is destroyed in the
night, it is silent.

15:2. The house is gone up, and Dibon to the high places to mourn over
Nabo, and over Medaba, Moab hath howled:  on all their heads shall be
baldness, and every beard shall be shaven.

15:3. In their streets they are girded with sackcloth:  on the tops of
their houses, and in their streets all shall howl and come down

15:4. Hesebon shall cry, and Eleale, their voice is heard even to Jasa.
For this shall the well appointed men of Moab howl, his soul shall howl
to itself.

15:5. My heart shall cry to Moab, the bars thereof shall flee unto
Segor a heifer of three years old:  for by the ascent of Luith they
shall go up weeping:  and in the way of Oronaim they shall lift up a cry
of destruction.

15:6. For the waters of Nemrim shall be desolate, for the grass is
withered away, the spring is faded, all the greenness is perished.

15:7. According to the greatness of their work, is their visitation
also:  they shall lead them to the torrent of the willows.

Torrent of the willows. . .That is, as some say, the waters of Babylon:
others render it, a valley of the Arabians.

15:8. For the cry is gone round about the border of Moab:  the howling
thereof unto Gallim, and unto the well of Elim the cry thereof.

15:9. For the waters of Dibon are filled with blood:  for I will bring
more upon Dibon:  the lion upon them that shall flee of Moab, and upon
the remnant of the land.

Isaias Chapter 16

The prophet prayeth for Christ's coming.  The affliction of the Moabites
for their pride.

16:1. Send forth, O Lord, the lamb, the ruler of the earth, from Petra
of the desert, to the mount of the daughter of Sion.

16:2. And it shall come to pass, that as a bird fleeing away, and as
young ones flying out of the nest, so shall the daughters of Moab be in
the passage of Arnon.

16:3. Take counsel, gather a council:  make thy shadow as the night in
the midday:  hide them that flee, and betray not them that wander about.

16:4. My fugitives shall dwell with thee:  O Moab, be thou a covert to
them from the face of the destroyer:  for the dust is at an end, the
wretch is consumed:  he hath failed, that trod the earth under foot.

16:5. And a throne shall be prepared in mercy, and one shall sit upon
it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging and seeking judgment
and quickly rendering that which is just.

16:6. We have heard of the pride of Moab, he is exceeding proud:  his
pride and his arrogancy, and his indignation is more than his strength.

16:7. Therefore shall Moab howl to Moab, every one shall howl:  to them
that rejoice upon the brick walls, tell ye their stripes.

16:8. For the suburbs of Hesebon are desolate, and the lords of the
nations have destroyed the vineyard of Sabama:  the branches thereof
have reached even to Jazer:  they have wandered in the wilderness, the
branches thereof are left, they are gone over the sea.

16:9. Therefore I will lament with the weeping of Jazer the vineyard of
Sabama:  I will water thee with my tears, O Hesebon, and Eleale:  for the
voice of the treaders hath rushed in upon thy vintage, and upon thy

16:10. And gladness and joy shall be taken away from Carmel, and there
shall be no rejoicing nor shouting in the vineyards.  He shall not tread
out wine in the press that was wont to tread it out:  the voice of the
treaders I have taken away.

Carmel. . .This name is often taken to signify a fair and fruitful hill
or field, such as mount Carmel is.

16:11. Wherefore my bowels shall sound like a harp for Moab, and my
inward parts for the brick wall.

16:12. And it shall come to pass, when it is seen that Moab is wearied
on his high places, that he shall go in to his sanctuaries to pray, and
shall not prevail.

16:13. This is the word, that the Lord spoke to Moab from that time:

16:14. And now the Lord hath spoken, saying:  In three years, as the
years of a hireling, the glory of Moab shall be taken away for all the
multitude of the people, and it shall be left small and feeble, not

Isaias Chapter 17

Judgments upon Damascus and Samaria.  The overthrow of the Assyrians.

17:1. The burden of Damascus.  Behold Damascus shall cease to be a city,
and shall be as a ruinous heap of stones.

17:2. The cities of Aroer shall be left for flocks, and they shall rest
there, and there shall be none to make them afraid.

17:3. And aid shall cease from Ephraim, and the kingdom from Damascus:
and the remnant of Syria shall be as the glory of the children of
Israel:  saith the Lord of hosts.

17:4. And it shall come to pass in that day, that the glory of Jacob
shall be made thin, and the fatness of his flesh shall grow lean.

17:5. And it shall be as when one gathereth in the harvest that which
remaineth, and his arm shall gather the ears of corn:  and it shall be
as he that seeketh ears in the vale of Raphaim.

17:6. And the fruit thereof that shall be left upon it, shall be as one
cluster of grapes, and as the shaking of the olive tree, two or three
berries in the top of a bough, or four or five upon the top of the
tree, saith the Lord the God of Israel.

17:7. In that day man shall bow down himself to his Maker, and his eyes
shall look to the Holy One of Israel.

17:8. And he shall not look to the altars which his hands made; and he
shall not have respect to the things that his fingers wrought, such as
groves and temples.

17:9. In that day his strong cities shall be forsaken, as the ploughs,
and the corn that were left before the face of the children of Israel,
and thou shalt be desolate.

That were left. . .Viz., by the Chanaanites, when the children of Israel
came into their land.

17:10. Because thou hast forgotten God thy saviour, and hast not
remembered thy strong helper:  therefore shalt thou plant good plants,
and shalt sow strange seed.

17:11. In the day of thy planting shall be the wild grape, and in the
morning thy seed shall flourish:  the harvest is taken away in the day
of inheritance, and shall grieve thee much.

17:12. Woe to the multitude of many people, like the multitude of the
roaring sea:  and the tumult of crowds, like the noise of many waters.

The multitude, etc. . .This and all that follows to the end of the
chapter, relates to the Assyrian army under Sennacherib.

17:13. Nations shall make a noise like the noise of waters overflowing,
but he shall rebuke him, and he shall flee far off:  and he shall be
carried away as the dust of the mountains before the wind, and as a
whirlwind before a tempest.

17:14. In the time of the evening, behold there shall be trouble:  the
morning shall come, and he shall not be:  this is the portion of them
that have wasted us, and the lot of them that spoiled us.

Isaias Chapter 18

A woe to the Ethiopians, who fed Israel with vain hopes, their future

18:1. Woe to the land, the winged cymbal, which is beyond the rivers of

18:2. That sendeth ambassadors by the sea, and in vessels of bulrushes
upon the waters.  Go, ye swift angels, to a nation rent and torn in
pieces:  to a terrible people, after which there is no other:  to a
nation expecting and trodden underfoot, whose land the rivers have

Angels. . .Or messengers.

18:3. All ye inhabitants of the world, who dwell on the earth, when the
sign shall be lifted up on the mountains, you shall see, and you shall
hear the sound of the trumpet.

18:4. For thus saith the Lord to me:  I will take my rest, and consider
in my place, as the noon light is clear, and as a cloud of dew in the
day of harvest.

18:5. For before the harvest it was all flourishing, and it shall bud
without perfect ripeness, and the sprigs thereof shall be cut off with
pruning hooks:  and what is left shall be cut away and shaken out.

18:6. And they shall be left together to the birds of the mountains,
and the beasts of the earth:  and the fowls shall be upon them all the
summer, and all the beasts of the earth shall winter upon them.

18:7. At that time shall a present be brought to the Lord of hosts,
from a people rent and torn in pieces:  from a terrible people, after
which there hath been no other:  from a nation expecting, expecting and
trodden under foot, whose land the rivers have spoiled, to the place of
the name of the Lord of hosts, to mount Sion.

Isaias Chapter 19

The punishment of Egypt:  their call to the church.

19:1. The burden of Egypt.  Behold the Lord will ascend upon a swift
cloud, and will enter into Egypt, and the idols of Egypt shall be moved
at his presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst

19:2. And I will set the Egyptians to fight against the Egyptians:  and
they shall fight brother against brother, and friend against friend,
city against city, kingdom against kingdom.

19:3. And the spirit of Egypt shall be broken in the bowels thereof,
and I will cast down their counsel:  and they shall consult their idols,
and their diviners, and their wizards, and soothsayers.

19:4. And I will deliver Egypt into the hand of cruel masters, and a
strong king shall rule over them, saith the Lord the God of hosts.

19:5. And the water of the sea shall be dried up, and the river shall
be wasted and dry.

19:6. And the rivers shall fail:  the streams of the banks shall be
diminished, and be dried up.  The reed and the bulrush shall wither

19:7. The channel of the river shall be laid bare from its fountain,
and every thing sown by the water shall be dried up, it shall wither
away, and shall be no more.

19:8. The fishers also shall mourn, and all that cast a hook into the
river shall lament, and they that spread nets upon the waters shall
languish away.

19:9. They shall be confounded that wrought in flax, combing and
weaving fine linen.

19:10. And its watery places shall be dry, all they shall mourn that
made pools to take fishes.

19:11. The princes of Tanis are become fools, the wise counsellors of
Pharao have given foolish counsel:  how will you say to Pharao:  I am the
son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?

19:12. Where are now thy wise men?  let them tell thee, and shew what
the Lord of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt.

19:13. The princes of Tanis are become fools, the princes of Memphis
are gone astray, they have deceived Egypt, the stay of the people

19:14. The Lord hath mingled in the midst thereof the spirit of
giddiness:  and they have caused Egypt to err in all its works, as a
drunken man staggereth and vomiteth.

19:15. And there shall be no work for Egypt, to make head or tail, him
that bendeth down, or that holdeth back.

19:16. In that day Egypt shall be like unto women, and they shall be
amazed, and afraid, because of the moving of the hand of the Lord of
hosts, which he shall move over it.

19:17. And the land of Juda shall be a terror to Egypt:  everyone that
shall remember it shall tremble because of the counsel of the Lord of
hosts, which he hath determined concerning it.

19:18. In that day there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt,
speaking the language of Chanaan, and swearing by the Lord of hosts:
one shall be called the city of the sun.

19:19. In that day there shall be an altar of the Lord in the midst of
the land of Egypt, and a monument of the Lord at the borders thereof:

19:20. It shall be for a sign, and for a testimony to the Lord of hosts
in the land of Egypt.  For they shall cry to the Lord because of the
oppressor, and he shall send them a Saviour and a defender to deliver

19:21. And the Lord shall be known by Egypt, and the Egyptians shall
know the Lord in that day, and shall worship him with sacrifices and
offerings:  and they shall make vows to the Lord, and perform them.

19:22. And the Lord shall strike Egypt with a scourge, and shall heal
it, and they shall return to the Lord, and he shall be pacified towards
them, and heal them.

19:23. In that day there shall be a way from Egypt to the Assyrians,
and the Assyrian shall enter into Egypt, and the Egyptian to the
Assyrians, and the Egyptians shall serve the Assyrian.

19:24. In that day shall Israel be the third to the Egyptian and the
Assyrian:  a blessing in the midst of the land,

19:25. Which the Lord of hosts hath blessed, saying:  Blessed be my
people of Egypt, and the work of my hands to the Assyrian:  but Israel
is my inheritance.

Isaias Chapter 20

The ignominious captivity of the Egyptians, and the Ethiopians.

20:1. In the year that Tharthan entered into Azotus, when Sargon the
king of the Assyrians had sent him, and he had fought against Azotus,
and had taken it:

20:2. At that same time the Lord spoke by the hand of Isaias the son of
Amos, saying Go, and loose the sackcloth from off thy loins, and take
off thy shoes from thy feet.  And he did so, and went naked, and

20:3. And the Lord said:  As my servant Isaias hath walked, naked and
barefoot, it shall be a sign and a wonder of three years upon Egypt,
and upon Ethiopia,

20:4. So shall the king of the Assyrians lead away the prisoners of
Egypt, and the captivity of Ethiopia, young and old, naked and
barefoot, with their buttocks uncovered to the shame of Egypt.

20:5. And they shall be afraid, and ashamed of Ethiopia their hope, and
of Egypt their glory.

20:6. And the inhabitants of this isle shall say in that day:  Lo this
was our hope, to whom we fled for help, to deliver us from the face of
the king of the Assyrians:  and how shall we be able to escape?

Isaias Chapter 21

The destruction of Babylon by the Medes and Persians:  a prophecy
against the Edomites and the Arabians.

21:1. The burden of the desert of the sea.  As whirlwinds come from the
south, it cometh from the desert from a terrible land.

The desert of the sea. . .So Babylon is here called, because from a city
as full of people as the sea is with water, it was become a desert.

21:2. A grievous vision is told me:  he that is unfaithful dealeth
unfaithfully:  and he that is a spoiler, spoileth.  Go up, O Elam,
besiege, O Mede:  I have made all the mourning thereof to cease.

O Elam. . .That is, O Persia.

21:3. Therefore are my loins filled with pain, anguish hath taken hold
of me, as the anguish of a woman in labour:  I fell down at the hearing
of it, I was troubled at the seeing of it.

21:4. My heart failed, darkness amazed me:  Babylon my beloved is become
a wonder to me.

21:5. Prepare the table, behold in the watchtower them that eat and
drink:  arise, ye princes, take up the shield.

21:6. For thus hath the Lord said to me:  Go, and set a watchman:  and
whatsoever he shall see, let him tell.

21:7. And he saw a chariot with two horsemen, a rider upon an ass, and
a rider upon a camel:  and he beheld them diligently with much heed.

A rider upon an ass, etc. . .These two riders are the kings of the
Persians and Medes.

21:8. And a lion cried out:  I am upon the watchtower of the Lord,
standing continually by day:  and I am upon my ward, standing whole

And a lion cried out. . .That is, I Isaias seeing the approaching ruin
of Babylon, have cried out as a lion roaring.

21:9. Behold this man cometh, the rider upon the chariot with two
horsemen, and he answered, and said:  Babylon is fallen, she is fallen,
and all the graven gods thereof are broken unto the ground.

21:10. O my thrashing, and the children of my floor, that which I have
heard of the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, I have declared unto

21:11. The burden of Duma calleth to me out of Seir:  Watchman, what of
the night?  watchman, what of the night?

Duma. . .That is, Idumea, or Edom.

21:12. The watchman said:  The morning cometh, also the night:  if you
seek, seek:  return, come.

21:13. The burden in Arabia.  In the forest at evening you shall sleep,
in the paths of Dedanim.

21:14. Meeting the thirsty bring him water, you that inhabit the land
of the south, meet with bread him that fleeth.

21:15. For they are fled from before the swords, from the sword that
hung over them, from the bent bow, from the face of a grievous battle.

21:16. For thus saith the Lord to me:  Within a year, according to the
years of a hireling, all the glory of Cedar shall be taken away.

Cedar. . .Arabia.

21:17. And the residue of the number of strong archers of the children
of Cedar shall be diminished:  for the Lord the God of Israel hath
spoken it.

Isaias Chapter 22

The prophet laments the devastation of Juda.  He foretells the
deprivation of Sobna, and the substitution of Eliacim, a figure of

22:1. The burden of the valley of vision.  What aileth thee also, that
thou too art wholly gone up to the housetops?

The valley of vision. . .Jerusalem.  The temple of Jerusalem was built
upon mount Moria, or the mountain of vision.  But the city is here
called the valley of vision; either because it was lower than the
temple, or because of the low condition to which it was to be reduced.

22:2. Full of clamour, a populous city, a joyous city:  thy slain are
not slain by the sword, nor dead in battle.

22:3. All the princes are fled together, and are bound hard:  all that
were found, are bound together, they are fled far off.

22:4. Therefore have I said:  Depart from me, I will weep bitterly:
labour not to comfort me, for the devastation of the daughter of my

22:5. For it is a day of slaughter and of treading down, and of weeping
to the Lord the God of hosts in the valley of vision, searching the
wall, and magnificent upon the mountain.

22:6. And Elam took the quiver, the chariot of the horseman, and the
shield was taken down from the wall.

22:7. And thy choice valleys shall be full of chariots, and the
horsemen shall place themselves in the gate.

22:8. And the covering of Juda shall be discovered, and thou shalt see
in that day the armoury of the house of the forest.

22:9. And you shall see the breaches of the city of David, that they
are many:  and you have gathered together the waters of the lower pool,

22:10. And have numbered the houses of Jerusalem, and broken down
houses to fortify the wall.

22:11. And you made a ditch between the two walls for the water of the
old pool:  and you have not looked up to the maker thereof, nor regarded
him even at a distance, that wrought it long ago.

22:12. And the Lord, the God of hosts, in that day shall call to
weeping, and to mourning, to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:

22:13. And behold joy and gladness, killing calves, and slaying rams,
eating flesh, and drinking wine:  Let us eat and drink; for to morrow we
shall die.

22:14. And the voice of the Lord of hosts was revealed in my ears:
Surely this iniquity shall not be forgiven you till you die, saith the
Lord God of hosts.

22:15. Thus saith the Lord God of hosts:  Go, get thee in to him that
dwelleth in the tabernacle, to Sobna who is over the temple:  and thou
shalt say to him:

22:16. What dost thou here, or as if thou wert somebody here?  for thou
hast hewed thee out a sepulchre here, thou hast hewed out a monument
carefully in a high place, a dwelling for thyself in a rock.

22:17. Behold the Lord will cause thee to be carried away, as a cock is
carried away, and he will lift thee up as a garment.

22:18. He will crown thee with a crown of tribulation, he will toss
thee like a ball into a large and spacious country:  there shalt thou
die, and there shall the chariot of thy glory be, the shame of the
house of thy Lord.

22:19. And I will drive thee out from thy station, and depose thee from
thy ministry.

22:20. And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my
servant Eliacim the son of Helcias,

22:21. And I will clothe him with thy robe, and will strengthen him
with thy girdle, and will give thy power into his hand:  and he shall be
as a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Juda.

22:22. And I will lay the key of the house of David upon his shoulder:
and he shall open, and none shall shut:  and he shall shut, and none
shall open.

22:23. And I will fasten him as a peg in a sure place, and he shall be
for a throne of glory to the house of his father.

22:24. And they shall hang upon him all the glory of his father's
house, divers kinds of vessels, every little vessel, from the vessels
of cups even to every instrument of music.

22:25. In that day, saith the Lord of hosts, shall the peg be removed,
that was fastened in the sure place:  and it shall be broken and shall
fall:  and that which hung thereon, shall perish, because the Lord hath
spoken it.

Isaias Chapter 23

The destruction of Tyre.  It shall be repaired again after seventy

23:1. The burden of Tyre.  Howl, ye ships of the sea, for the house is
destroyed, from whence they were wont to come:  from the land of Cethim
it is revealed to them.

23:2. Be silent, you that dwell in the island:  the merchants of Sidon
passing over the sea, have filled thee.

23:3. The seed of the Nile in many waters, the harvest of the river is
her revenue:  and she is become the mart of the nations.

23:4. Be thou ashamed, O Sidon:  for the sea speaketh, even the strength
of the sea, saying:  I have not been in labour, nor have I brought
forth, nor have I nourished up young men, nor brought up virgins.

23:5. When it shall be heard in Egypt, they will be sorry when they
shall hear of Tyre:

23:6. Pass over the seas, howl, ye inhabitants of the island.

23:7. Is not this your city, which gloried from of old in her
antiquity?  her feet shall carry her afar off to sojourn.

23:8. Who hath taken this counsel against Tyre, that was formerly
crowned, whose merchants were princes, and her traders the nobles of
the earth?

23:9. The Lord of hosts hath designed it, to pull down the pride of all
glory, and bring to disgrace all the glorious ones of the earth.

23:10. Pass thy land as a river, O daughter of the sea, thou hast a
girdle no more.

23:11. He stretched out his hand over the sea, he troubled kingdoms:
the Lord hath given a charge against Chanaan, to destroy the strong
ones thereof.

23:12. And he said:  Thou shalt glory no more, O virgin daughter of
Sidon, who art oppressed:  arise and sail over to Cethim, there also
thou shalt have no rest.

23:13. Behold the land of the Chaldeans, there was not such a people,
the Assyrians founded it:  they have led away the strong ones thereof
into captivity, they have destroyed the houses thereof, they have,
brought it to ruin.

23:14. Howl, O ye ships of the sea, for your strength is laid waste.

23:15. And it shall come to pass in that day that thou, O Tyre, shalt
be forgotten, seventy years, according to the days of one king:  but
after seventy years, there shall be unto Tyre as the song of a harlot.

23:16. Take a harp, go about the city, harlot that hast been forgotten:
sing well, sing many a song, that thou mayst be remembered.

23:17. And it shall come to pass after seventy years, that the Lord
will visit Tyre, and will bring her back again to her traffic:  and she
shall commit fornication again with all the kingdoms of the world upon
the face of the earth.

23:18. And her merchandise and her hire shall be sanctified to the
Lord:  they shall not be kept in store, nor laid up:  for her merchandise
shall be for them that shall dwell before the Lord, that they may eat
unto fulness, and be clothed for a continuance.

Sanctified to the Lord. . .This alludes to the conversion of the

Isaias Chapter 24

The judgments of God upon all the sinners of the world.  A remnant shall
joyfully praise him.

24:1. Behold the Lord shall lay waste the earth, and shall strip it,
and shall afflict the face thereof, and scatter abroad the inhabitants

24:2. And it shall be as with the people, so with the priest:  and as
with the servant so with his master:  as with the handmaid, so with her
mistress:  as with the buyer, so with the seller:  as with the lender, so
with the borrower:  as with him that calleth for his money, so with him
that oweth.

24:3. With desolation shall the earth be laid waste, and it shall be
utterly spoiled:  for the Lord hath spoken this word.

24:4. The earth mourned, and faded away, and is weakened:  the world
faded away, the height of the people of the earth is weakened.

24:5. And the earth is infected by the inhabitants thereof:  because
they have transgressed the laws, they have changed the ordinance, they
have broken the everlasting covenant.

24:6. Therefore shall a curse devour the earth, and the inhabitants
thereof shall sin:  and therefore they that dwell therein shall be mad,
and few men shall be left.

24:7. The vintage hath mourned, the vine hath languished away, all the
merry have sighed.

24:8. The mirth of timbrels hath ceased, the noise of them that rejoice
is ended, the melody of the harp is silent.

24:9. They shall not drink wine with a song:  the drink shall be bitter
to them that drink it.

24:10. The city of vanity is broken down, every house is shut up, no
man cometh in.

24:11. There shall be a crying for wine in the streets:  all mirth is
forsaken:  the joy of the earth is gone away.

24:12. Desolation is left in the city, and calamity shall oppress the

24:13. For it shall be thus in the midst of the earth, in the midst of
the people, as if a few olives, that remain, should be shaken out of
the olive tree:  or grapes, when the vintage is ended.

24:14. These shall lift up their voice, and shall give praise:  when the
Lord shall be glorified, they shall make a joyful noise from the sea.

24:15. Therefore glorify ye the Lord in instruction:  the name of the
Lord God of Israel in the islands of the sea.

24:16. From the ends of the earth we have heard praises, the glory of
the just one.  And I said:  My secret to myself, my secret to myself, woe
is me:  the prevaricators have prevaricated, and with the prevarication
of transgressors they have prevaricated.

24:17. Fear, and the pit, and the snare are upon thee, O thou
inhabitant of the earth.

24:18. And it shall come to pass, that he that shall flee from the
noise of the fear, shall fall into the pit:  and he that shall rid
himself out of the pit, shall be taken in the snare:  for the
flood-gates from on high are opened, and the foundations of the earth
shall be shaken.

24:19. With breaking shall the earth be broken, with crushing shall the
earth be crushed, with trembling shall the earth be moved.

24:20. With shaking shall the earth be shaken as a drunken man, and
shall be removed as the tent of one night:  and the iniquity thereof
shall be heavy upon it, and it shall fall, and not rise again.

24:21. And it shall come to pass, that in that day the Lord shall visit
upon the host of heaven on high, and upon the kings of the earth, on
the earth.

The host of heaven on high. . .The stars, which in many places of the
Scripture are so called.  Some commentators explain that these words
here signify the demons of the air.

24:22. And they shall be gathered together as in the gathering of one
bundle into the pit, and they shall be shut up there in prison:  and
after many days they shall be visited.

24:23. And the moon shall blush, and the sun shall be ashamed, when the
Lord of hosts shall reign in mount Sion, and in Jerusalem, and shall be
glorified in the sight of his ancients.

Isaias Chapter 25

A canticle of thanksgiving for God's judgments and benefits.

25:1. O Lord, thou art my God, I will exalt O thee, and give glory to
thy name:  for thou hast done wonderful things, thy designs of old
faithful, amen.

25:2. For thou hast reduced the city to a heap, the strong city to
ruin, the house of strangers, to be no city, and to be no more built up
for ever.

25:3. Therefore shall a strong people praise thee, the city of mighty
nations shall fear thee.

25:4. Because thou hast been a strength to the poor, a strength to the
needy in his distress:  a refuge from the whirlwind, a shadow from the
heat.  For the blast of the mighty is like a whirlwind beating against a

25:5. Thou shalt bring down the tumult of strangers, as heat in thirst:
and as with heat under a burning cloud, thou shalt make the branch of
the mighty to wither away.

25:6. And the Lord of hosts shall make unto all people in this
mountain, a feast of fat things, a feast of wine, of fat things full of
marrow, of wine purified from the lees.

25:7. And he shall destroy in this mountain the face of the bond with
which all people were tied, and the web that he began over all nations.

25:8. He shall cast death down headlong for ever:  and the Lord God
shall wipe away tears from every face, and the reproach of his people
he shall take away from off the whole earth:  for the Lord hath spoken

25:9. And they shall say in that day:  Lo, this is our God, we have
waited for him, and he will save us:  this is the Lord, we have
patiently waited for him, we shall rejoice and be joyful in his

25:10. For the hand of the Lord shall rest in this mountain:  and Moab
shall be trodden down under him, as straw is broken in pieces with the

Moab. . .That is, the reprobate, whose eternal punishment, from which
they can no way escape, is described under these figures.

25:11. And he shall stretch forth his hands under him, as he that
swimmeth stretcheth forth his hands to swim:  and he shall bring down
his glory with the dashing of his hands.

25:12. And the bulwarks of thy high walls shall fall, and be brought
low, and shall be pulled down to the ground, even to the dust.

Isaias Chapter 26

A canticle of thanks for the deliverance of God's people.

26:1. In that day shall this canticle be sung in the land of Juda.  Sion
the city of our strength a saviour, a wall and a bulwark shall be set

26:2. Open ye the gates, and let the just nation, that keepeth the
truth, enter in.

26:3. The old error is passed away:  thou wilt keep peace:  peace,
because we have hoped in thee.

26:4. You have hoped in the Lord for evermore, in the Lord God mighty
for ever.

26:5. For he shall bring down them that dwell on high, the high city he
shall lay low.  He shall bring it down even to the ground, he shall pull
it down even to the dust.

26:6. The foot shall tread it down, the feet of the poor, the steps of
the needy.

26:7. The way of the just is right, the path of the just is right to
walk in.

26:8. And in the way of thy judgments, O Lord, we have patiently waited
for thee:  thy name, and thy remembrance are the desire of the soul.

26:9. My soul hath desired thee in the night:  yea, and with my spirit
within me in the morning early I will watch to thee.  When thou shalt do
thy judgments on the earth, the inhabitants of the world shall learn

26:10. Let us have pity on the wicked, but he will not learn justice:
in the land of the saints he hath done wicked things, and he shall not
see the glory of the Lord.

26:11. Lord, let thy hand be exalted, and let them not see:  let the
envious people see, and be confounded:  and let fire devour thy enemies.

26:12. Lord, thou wilt give us peace:  for thou hast wrought all our
works for us.

26:13. O Lord our God, other lords besides thee have had dominion over
us, only in thee let us remember thy name.

26:14. Let not the dead live, let not the giants rise again:  therefore
hast visited and destroyed them, and hast destroyed all their memory.

26:15. Thou hast been favourable to the nation, O Lord, thou hast been
favourable to the nation:  art thou glorified?  thou hast removed all the
ends of the earth far off.

26:16. Lord, they have sought after thee in distress, in the
tribulation of murmuring thy instruction was with them.

26:17. As a woman with child, when she draweth near the time of her
delivery, is in pain, and crieth out in her pangs:  so are we become in
thy presence, O Lord.

26:18. We have conceived, and been as it were in labour, and have
brought forth wind:  we have not wrought salvation on the earth,
therefore the inhabitants of the earth have not fallen.

26:19. Thy dead men shall live, my slain shall rise again:  awake, and
give praise, ye that dwell in the dust:  for thy dew is the dew of the
light:  and the land of the giants thou shalt pull down into ruin.

26:20. Go, my people, enter into thy chambers, shut thy doors upon
thee, hide thyself a little for a moment, until the indignation pass

26:21. For behold the Lord will come out of his place, to visit the
iniquity of the inhabitant of the earth against him:  and the earth
shall disclose her blood, and shall cover her slain no more.

Shall cover her slain no more. . .This is said with relation to the
martyrs, and their happy resurrection.

Isaias Chapter 27

The punishment of the oppressors of God's people.  The Lord's favour to
his church.

27:1. In that day the Lord with his hard, and great, and strong sword
shall visit leviathan the bar serpent, and leviathan the crooked
serpent, and shall slay the whale that is in the sea.

Leviathan. . .That is, the devil, the great enemy of the people of God.
He is called the bar serpent from his strength, and the crooked serpent
from his wiles; and the whale of the sea, from the tyranny he exercises
in the sea of this world.  He was spiritually slain by the death of
Christ, when his power was destroyed.

27:2. In that day there shall be singing to the vineyard of pure wine.

The vineyard, etc. . .The church of Christ.

27:3. I am the Lord that keep it, I will suddenly give it drink:  lest
any hurt come to it, I keep it night and day.

I will suddenly give it drink. . .Or, as the Hebrew may also be
rendered, I will continually water it.

27:4. There is no indignation in me:  who shall make me a thorn and a
brier in battle:  shall I march against it, shall, I set it on fire

No indignation in me, etc. . .Viz., against the church:  nor shall I
become as a thorn or brier in its regard; or march against it, or set
it on fire:  but it shall always take fast hold of me, and keep an
everlasting peace with me.

27:5. Or rather shall it take hold of my strength, shall it make peace
with me, shall it make peace with me?

27:6. When they shall rush in unto Jacob, Israel shall blossom and bud,
and they shall fill the face of the world with seed.

When they shall rush in, etc. . .Some understand this of the enemies of
the true Israel, that shall invade it in vain.  Others of the spiritual
invasion made by the apostles of Christ.

27:7. Hath he struck him according to the stroke of him that struck
him?  or is he slain, as he killed them that were slain by him?

Hath he struck him, etc. . .Hath God punished the carnal persecuting
Jews, in proportion to their doings against Christ and his saints?

27:8. In measure against measure, when it shall be cast off, thou shalt
judge it.  He hath meditated with his severe spirit in the day of heat.

When it shall be cast off, etc. . .When the synagogue shall be cast off,
thou shalt judge it in measure, and in proportion to its crimes.--Ibid.
He hath meditated, etc. . .God hath designed severe punishments in the
day of his wrath.

27:9. Therefore upon this shall the iniquity of the house of Jacob be
forgiven:  and this is all the fruit, that the sin thereof should be
taken away, when he shall have made all the stones of the altar, as
burnt stones broken in pieces, the groves and temples shall not stand.

Of the house of Jacob. . .Viz., of such of them as shall be converted.

27:10. For the strong city shall be desolate, the beautiful city shall
be forsaken, and shall be left as a wilderness:  there the calf shall
feed, and there shall he lie down, and shall consume its branches.

The strong city. . .Jerusalem.

27:11. Its harvest shall be destroyed with drought, women shall come
and teach it:  for it is not a wise people, therefore he that made it,
shall not have mercy on it:  and he that formed it, shall not spare it.

27:12. And it shall come to pass, that in that day the Lord will strike
from the channel of the river even to the torrent of Egypt, and you
shall be gathered together one by one, O ye children of Israel.

27:13. And it shall come to pass, that in that day a noise shall be
made with a great trumpet, and they that were lost, shall come from the
land of the Assyrians, and they that were outcasts in the land of
Egypt, and they shall adore the Lord in the holy mount in Jerusalem.

A great trumpet. . .The preaching of the gospel for the conversion of
the Jews.

Isaias Chapter 28

The punishment of the Israelites, for their pride, intemperance, and
contempt of religion.  Christ the cornerstone.

28:1. Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, and to
the fading flower the glory his joy, who were on the head of the fat
valley, staggering with wine.

Ephraim. . .That is, the kingdom of the ten tribes.--Ibid.  The head of
the fat valley. . .Samaria, situate on a hill, having under it a most
fertile valley.

28:2. Behold the Lord is mighty and strong, as a storm of hail:  a
destroying whirlwind, as the violence of many waters overflowing, and
sent forth upon a spacious land.

28:3. The crown of pride of the drunkards of Ephraim shall be trodden
under feet.

28:4. And the fading tower the glory of his joy, who is on the head of
the fat valley, shall be as a hasty fruit before the ripeness of
autumn:  which when he that seeth it shall behold, as soon he taketh it
in his hand, he will eat it up.

28:5. In that day the Lord of hosts shall be a crown of glory, and a
garland of joy to the residue of his people:

28:6. And a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and
strength to them that return out of the battle to the gate.

28:7. But these also have been ignorant through wine, and through
drunkenness have erred:  the priest and the prophet have been ignorant
through drunkenness, they are swallowed up with wine, they have gone
astray in drunkenness, they have not known him that seeth, they have
been ignorant of judgment.

These also. . .The kingdom of Juda.

28:8. For all the tables were full of vomit and filth, so that there
was no more place.

28:9. Whom shall he teach knowledge?  and whom shall he make to
understand the hearing?  them that are weaned from the milk, that are
drawn away from the breasts.

28:10. For command, command again; command, command again; expect,
expect again; a little there, a little there.

Command, command again, etc. . .This is said in the person of the Jews,
resisting the repeated commands of God, and still putting him off.

28:11. For with the speech of lips, and with another tongue he will
speak to this people.

28:12. To whom he said:  This is my rest, refresh the weary, and this is
my refreshing:  and they would not hear.

28:13. And the word of the Lord shall be to them:  Command, command
again; command, command again; expect, expect again; a little there, a
little there:  that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and
snared, and taken.

28:14. Wherefore hear the word of the Lord, ye scornful men, who rule
over my people that is in Jerusalem.

28:15. For you have said:  We have entered into a league with death, and
we have made a covenant with hell.  When the overflowing scourge shall
pass through, it shall not come upon us:  for we have placed our hope in
lies, and by falsehood we are protected.

28:16. Therefore thus saith the Lord God:  Behold I will lay a stone in
the foundations of Sion, a tried stone, a corner stone, a precious
stone, founded in the foundation.  He that believeth, let him not

A stone in the foundations. . .Viz., Christ.--Ibid.  Let him not hasten,
etc. . .Let him expect his coming with patience.

28:17. And I will set judgment in weight, and justice in measure:  and
hail shall overturn the hope of falsehood:  and waters shall overflow
its protection.

28:18. And your league with death shall be abolished, and your covenant
with hell shall not stand:  when the overflowing scourge shall pass, you
shall be trodden down by it.

28:19. Whensoever it shall pass through, it shall take you away:
because in the morning early it shall pass through, in the day and in
the night, and vexation alone shall make you understand what you hear.

28:20. For the bed is straitened, so that one must fall out, and a
short covering cannot cover both.

The bed is straitened, etc. . .It is too narrow to hold two:  God will
have the bed of our heart all to himself.

28:21. For the Lord shall stand up as in the mountain of divisions:  he
shall be angry as in the valley which is in Gabaon:  that he may do his
work, his strange work:  that he may perform his work, his work is
strange to him.

As in the mountain, etc. . .As the Lord fought against the Philistines
in Baal Pharasim, 2 Kings 5., and against the Chanaanites, in the
valley of Gabaon, Jos. 10.

28:22. And now do not mock, lest your bonds be tied strait.  For I have
heard of the Lord the God of hosts a consumption and a cutting short
upon all the earth.

28:23. Give ear, and hear my voice, hearken, and hear my speech.

28:24. Shall the ploughman plough all the day to sow, shall he open and
harrow his ground?

28:25. Will he not, when he hath made plain the surface thereof, sow
gith, and scatter cummin, and put wheat in order, and barley, and
millet, and vetches in their bounds?

28:26. For he will instruct him in judgment:  his God will teach him.

28:27. For gith shall not be thrashed with saws, neither shall the cart
wheel turn about upon cummin:  but gith shall be beaten out with a rod,
and cumin with a staff.

28:28. But breadcorn shall be broken small:  but the thrasher shall not
thrash it for ever, neither shall the cart wheel hurt it, nor break it
with its teeth.

28:29. This also is come forth from the Lord God of hosts, to make his
counsel wonderful, and magnify justice.

This also, etc. . .Such also is the proceeding of the Lord with his
land, and the divers seeds he throws therein.

Isaias Chapter 29

God's heavy judgments upon Jerusalem, for their obstinacy:  with a
prophecy of the conversion of the Gentiles.

29:1. Woe to Ariel, to Ariel the city which David took:  year is added
to year.  the solemnities are at an end.

Ariel. . .This word signifies, the lion of God, and here is taken for
the strong city of Jerusalem.

29:2. And I will make a trench about Ariel, and it shall be in sorrow
and mourning, and it shall be to me as Ariel.

29:3. And I will make a circle round about thee, and I will cast up a
rampart against thee, and raise up bulwarks to besiege thee.

29:4. Thou shalt be brought down, thou shall speak out of the earth,
and thy speech shall be heard out of the ground:  and thy voice shall be
from the earth like that of the python, and out of the earth thy speech
shall mutter.

29:5. And the multitude of them that fan thee, shall be like small
dust:  and as ashes passing away, the multitude of them that have
prevailed against thee.

29:6. And it shall be at an instant suddenly.  A visitation shall come
from the Lord of hosts in thunder, and with earthquake, and with a
great noise of whirlwind and tempest; and with the flame of devouring

29:7. And the multitude of all nations that have fought against Ariel,
shall be as the dream of a vision by night, and all that have fought,
and besieged and prevailed against it.

29:8. And as he that is hungry dreameth, and eateth, but when he is
awake, his soul is empty:  and as he that is thirsty dreameth, and
drinketh and after he is awake, is yet faint with thirst, and his soul
is empty:  so shall be the multitude of all the Gentiles, that have
fought against mount Sion.

29:9. Be astonished, and wonder, waver, and stagger:  be drunk, and not
with wine:  stagger, and not with drunkenness.

29:10. For the Lord hath mingled for you the spirit of a deep sleep, he
will shut up your eyes, he will cover your prophets and princes, that
see visions.

29:11. And the vision of all shall be unto you as the words of a book
that is sealed which when they shall deliver to one that is learned,
they shall say:  Read this:  and he shall answer:  I cannot, for it is

29:12. And the book shall be given to one that knoweth no letters, and
it shall be said to him:  Read:  and he shall answer:  I know no letters.

29:13. And the Lord said:  Forasmuch as this people draw near me with
their mouth, and with their lips glorify me, but their heart is far
from me, and they have feared me with the commandment and doctrines of

29:14. Therefore behold I will proceed to cause an admiration in this
people, by a great and wonderful miracle:  for wisdom shall perish from
their wise men, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be

29:15. Woe to you that are deep of heart, to hide your counsel from the
Lord:  and their works are in the dark, and they say:  Who seeth us, and
who knoweth us?

29:16. This thought of yours is perverse:  as if the clay should think
against the potter, and the work should say to the maker thereof:  Thou
madest me not:  or the thing framed should say to him that fashioned it:
Thou understandest not.

29:17. Is it not yet a very little while, and Libanus shall be turned
into charmel, and charmel shall be esteemed as a forest?

Charmel. . .This word signifies a fruitful field.

29:18. And in that day the deaf shall hear the words of the book, and
out of darkness and obscurity the eyes of the blind shall see.

29:19. And the meek shall increase their joy in the Lord, and the poor
men shall rejoice in the Holy One of Israel.

29:20. For he that did prevail hath failed, the scorner is consumed,
and they are all cut off that watched for iniquity:

29:21. That made men sin by word, and supplanted him that reproved them
in the gate, and declined in vain from the just.

29:22. Therefore thus saith the Lord to the house of Jacob, he that
redeemed Abraham:  Jacob shall not now be confounded, neither shall his
countenance now be ashamed:

29:23. But when he shall see his children, the work of my hands in the
midst of him sanctifying my name, and they shall sanctify the Holy One
of Jacob, and shall glorify the God of Israel:

29:24. And they that erred in spirit, shall know understanding, and
they that murmured, shall learn the law.

Isaias Chapter 30

The people are blamed for their confidence in Egypt.  God's mercies
towards his church.  The punishment of sinners.

30:1. Woe to you, apostate children, saith the Lord, that you would
take counsel, and not of me:  and would begin a web, and not by my
spirit, that you might add sin upon sin:

30:2. Who walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth,
hoping for help in the strength of Pharao, and trusting in the shadow
of Egypt.

30:3. And the strength of Pharao shall be to your confusion, and the
confidence of the shadow of Egypt to your shame.

30:4. For thy princes were in Tanis, and thy messengers came even to

30:5. They were all confounded at a people that could not profit them:
they were no help, nor to any profit, but to confusion and to reproach.

30:6. The burden of the beasts of the south.  In a land of trouble and
distress, from whence come the lioness, and the lion, the viper and the
flying basilisk, they carry their riches upon the shoulders of beasts,
and their treasures upon the bunches of camels to a people that shall
not be able to profit them.

30:7. For Egypt shall help in vain, and to no purpose:  therefore have I
cried concerning this:  It is pride only, sit still.

30:8. Now therefore go in and write for them upon box, and note it
diligently in a book, and it shall be in the latter days for a
testimony for ever.

30:9. For it is a people that provoketh to wrath, and lying children
that will not hear the law of God.

30:10. Who say to the seers:  See not:  and to them that behold:  Behold
not for us those things that are right:  speak unto us pleasant things,
see errors for us.

30:11. Take away from me the way, turn away the path from me, let the
Holy One of Israel cease from before us.

30:12. Therefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel:  Because you have
rejected this word, and have trusted in oppression and tumult, and have
leaned upon it:

30:13. Therefore shall this iniquity be to you as a breach that
falleth, and is found wanting in a high wall, for the destruction
thereof shall come on a sudden, when it is not looked for.

30:14. And it shall be broken small, as the potter's vessel is broken
all to pieces with mighty breaking, and there shall not a sherd be
found of the pieces thereof, wherein a little fire may be carried from
the hearth, or a little water be drawn out of the pit.

30:15. For thus saith the Lord God the Holy One of Israel:  If you
return and be quiet, you shall be saved:  in silence and in hope shall
your strength be.  And you would not:

30:16. But have said:  No, but we will flee to horses:  therefore shall
you flee.  And we will mount upon swift ones:  therefore shall they be
swifter that shall pursue after you.

30:17. A thousand men shall flee for fear of one:  and for fear of five
shall you flee, till you be left as the mast of ship on the top of a
mountain, and as an ensign upon a hill.

30:18. Therefore the Lord waiteth that he may have mercy on you:  and
therefore shall he be exalted sparing you:  because the Lord is the God
of judgment:  blessed are all they that wait for him.

30:19. For the people of Sion shall dwell in Jerusalem:  weeping thou
shalt not weep, he will surely have pity on thee:  at the voice of thy
cry, as soon as he shall hear, he will answer thee.

30:20. And the Lord will give you spare bread, and short water:  and
will not cause thy teacher to flee away from thee any more, and thy
eyes shall see thy teacher.

30:21. And thy ears shall hear the word of one admonishing thee behind
thy back:  This is the way, walk ye in it:  and go not aside neither to
the right hand, nor to the left.

30:22. And thou shalt defile the plates of thy graven things of silver,
and the garment of thy molten things of gold, and shalt cast them away
as the uncleanness of a menstruous woman.  Thou shalt say to it:  Get
thee hence.

30:23. And rain shall be given to thy seed, wheresoever thou shalt sow
in the land:  and the bread of the corn of the land shall be most
plentiful, and fat.  The lamb in that day shall feed at large in thy

30:24. And thy oxen, and the ass colts that till the ground, shall eat
mingled provender as it was winnowed in the floor.

30:25. And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every
elevated hill rivers of running waters in the day of the slaughter of
many, when the tower shall fall.

30:26. And the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and
the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days:  in
the day when the Lord shall bind up the wound of his people, and shall
heal the stroke of their wound.

30:27. Behold the name of the Lord cometh from afar, his wrath burneth,
and is heavy to bear:  his lips are filled with indignation, and his
tongue as a devouring fire.

30:28. His breath as a torrent overflowing even to the midst of the
neck, to destroy the nations unto nothing, and the bridle of error that
was in the jaws of the people.

30:29. You shall have a song as in the night of the sanctified
solemnity, and joy of heart, as where one goeth with a pipe, to come
into the mountain of the Lord, to the Mighty One of Israel.

30:30. And the Lord shall make the glory of his voice to be heard, and
shall shew the terror of his arm, in the threatening of wrath, and the
flame of devouring fire:  he shall crush to pieces with whirlwind, and

30:31. For at the voice of the Lord the Assyrian shall fear being
struck with the rod.

30:32. And the passage of the rod shall be strongly grounded, which the
Lord shall make to rest upon him with timbrels and harps, and in great
battles he shall overthrow them.

30:33. For Topheth is prepared from yesterday, prepared by the king,
deep, and wide.  The nourishment thereof is fire and much wood:  the
breath of the Lord as a torrent of brimstone kindling it.

Topheth. . .It is the same as Gehenna, and is taken for hell.

Isaias Chapter 31

The folly of trusting to Egypt, and forgetting God.  He will fight for
his people against the Assyrians.

31:1. Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help, trusting in horses,
and putting their confidence in chariots, because they are many:  and in
horsemen, because they are very strong:  and have not trusted in the
Holy One of Israel, and have not sought after the Lord.

31:2. But he that is the wise one hath brought evil, and hath not
removed his words:  and he will rise up against the house of the wicked,
and against the aid of them that work iniquity.

31:3. Egypt is man, and not God:  and their horses, flesh, and not
spirit:  and the Lord shall put down his hand, and the helper shall
fall, and he that is helped shall fall, and they shall all be
confounded together.

31:4. For thus saith the Lord to me:  Like as the lion roareth, and the
lions whelp upon his prey, and when a multitude of shepherds shall come
against him, he will not fear at their voice, nor be afraid of their
multitude:  so shall the Lord of hosts come down to fight upon mount
Sion, and upon the hill thereof.

31:5. As birds flying, so will the Lord of hosts protect Jerusalem,
protecting and delivering, passing over and saving.

31:6. Return as you had deeply revolted, O children of Israel.

31:7. For in that day a man shall cast away his idols of silver, and
his idols of gold, which your hands have made for you to sin.

31:8. And the Assyrian shall fall by the sword not of a man, and the
sword not of a man shall devour him, and he shall flee not at the face
of the sword, and his young men shall be tributaries.

31:9. And his strength shall pass away with dread, and his princes
fleeing shall be afraid:  the Lord hath said it, whose fire is in Sion,
and his furnace in Jerusalem.

Isaias Chapter 32

The blessings of the reign of Christ.  The desolation of the Jews, and
prosperity of the church of Christ.

32:1. Behold a king shall reign in justice, and princes shall rule in

32:2. And a man shall be as when one is hid from the wind, and hideth
himself from a storm, as rivers of waters in drought, and the shadow of
a rock that standeth out in a desert land.

32:3. The eyes of them that see shall not be dim, and the ears of them
that hear shall hearken diligently.

32:4. And the heart of fools shall understand knowledge, and the tongue
of stammerers shall speak readily and plain.

32:5. The fool shall no more be called prince:  neither shall the
deceitful be called great:

32:6. For the fool will speak foolish things, and his heart will work
iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and speak to the Lord deceitfully, and
to make empty the soul of the hungry, and take away drink from the

32:7. The vessels of the deceitful are most wicked:  for he hath framed
devices to destroy the meek, with lying words, when the poor man
speaketh judgment.

32:8. But the prince will devise such things as are worthy of a prince,
and he shall stand above the rulers.

32:9. Rise up, ye rich women, and hear my voice:  ye confident
daughters, give ear to my speech.

32:10. For after days and a year, you that are confident shall be
troubled:  for the vintage is at an end, the gathering shall come no

32:11. Be astonished, ye rich women, be troubled, ye confident ones:
strip you, and be confounded, gird your loins.

32:12. Mourn for your breasts, for the delightful country, for the
fruitful vineyard.

32:13. Upon the land of my people shall thorns and briers come up:  how
much more upon all the houses of joy, of the city that rejoiced?

32:14. For the house is forsaken, the multitude of the city is left,
darkness and obscurity are come upon its dens for ever.  A joy of wild
asses, the pastures of flocks.

32:15. Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high:  and the desert
shall be as a charmel, and charmel shall be counted for a forest.

32:16. An judgment shall dwell in the wilderness, and justice shall sit
in charmel.

32:17. And the work of justice shall be peace, and the service of
justice quietness, and security for ever.

32:18. And my people shall sit in the beauty of peace, and in the
tabernacles of confidence, and in wealthy rest.

32:19. But hail shall be in the descent of the forest, and the city
shall be made very low.

32:20. Blessed are ye that sow upon all waters, sending thither the
foot of the ox and the ass.

Isaias Chapter 33

God's revenge against the enemies of his church.  The happiness of the
heavenly Jerusalem.

33:1. Woe to thee that spoilest, shalt not thou thyself also be
spoiled?  and thou that despisest, shalt not thyself also be despised?
when thou shalt have made an end of spoiling, thou shalt be spoiled:
when being wearied thou shalt cease to despise, thou shalt be despised.

That spoilest, etc. . .This is particularly directed to Sennacherib.

33:2. O Lord, have mercy on us:  for we have waited for thee:  be thou
our arm in the morning, and our salvation in the time of trouble.

33:3. At the voice of the angel the people fled, and at the lifting up
thyself the nations are scattered.

33:4. And your spoils shall be gathered together as the locusts are
gathered, as when the ditches are full of them.

33:5. The Lord is magnified, for he hath dwelt on high:  he hath filled
Sion with judgment and justice.

33:6. And there shall be faith in thy times:  riches of salvation,
wisdom and knowledge:  the fear of the Lord is his treasure.

33:7. Behold they that see shall cry without, the angels of peace shall
weep bitterly.

The angels of peace. . .The messengers or deputies sent to negotiate a

33:8. The ways are made desolate, no one passeth by the road, the
covenant is made void, he hath rejected the cities, he hath not
regarded the men.

33:9. The land hath mourned, and languished:  Libanus is confounded, and
become foul, and Saron is become as a desert:  and Basan and Carmel are

33:10. Now will I rise up, saith the Lord:  now will I be exalted, now
will I lift up myself.

33:11. You shall conceive heat, you shall bring forth stubble:  your
breath as fire shall devour you.

33:12. And the people shall be as ashes after a fire, as a bundle of
thorns they shall be burnt with fire.

33:13. Hear, you that are far off, what I have done, and you that are
near know my strength.

33:14. The sinners in Sion are afraid, trembling hath seized upon the
hypocrites.  Which of you can dwell with devouring fire?  which of you
shall dwell with everlasting burnings?

33:15. He that walketh in justices, and speaketh truth, that casteth
away avarice by oppression, and shaketh his hands from all bribes, that
stoppeth his ears lest he hear blood, and shutteth his eyes that he may
see no evil.

33:16. He shall dwell on high, the fortifications of rocks shall be his
highness:  bread is given him, his waters are sure.

33:17. His eyes shall see the king in his beauty, they shall see the
land far off.

33:18. Thy heart shall meditate fear:  where is the learned?  where is he
that pondered the words of the law?  where is the teacher of little

33:19. The shameless people thou shalt not see, the people of profound
speech:  so that thou canst not understand the eloquence of his tongue,
in whom there is no wisdom.

33:20. Look upon Sion the city of our solemnity:  thy eyes shall see
Jerusalem, a rich habitation, a tabernacle that cannot be removed:
neither shall the nails thereof be taken away for ever, neither shall
any of the cords thereof be broken.

33:21. Because only there our Lord is magnificent:  a place of rivers,
very broad and spacious streams:  no ship with oars shall pass by it,
neither shall the great galley pass through it.

Of rivers. . .He speaks of the rivers of endless joys that flow from the
throne of God to water the heavenly Jerusalem, where no enemy's ship
can come, etc.

33:22. For the Lord is our judge, the Lord is our lawgiver, the Lord is
our king:  he will save us.

33:23. Thy tacklings are loosed, and they shall be of no strength:  thy
mast shall be in such condition, that thou shalt not be able to spread
the flag.  Then shall the spoils of much prey be divided:  the lame shall
take the spoil.

Thy tacklings. . .He speaks of the enemies of the church, under the
allegory of a ship that is disabled.

33:24. Neither shall he that is near, say:  I am feeble.  The people that
dwell therein, shall have their iniquity taken away from them.

Isaias Chapter 34

The general judgment of the wicked.

34:1. Come near, ye Gentiles, and hear, and hearken, ye people:  let the
earth hear, and all that is therein, the world, and every thing that
cometh forth of it.

34:2. For the indignation of the Lord is upon all nations, and his fury
upon all their armies:  he hath killed them, and delivered them to

34:3. Their slain shall be cast forth, and out of their carcasses shall
rise a stink:  the mountains shall be melted with their blood.

34:4. And all the host of the heavens shall pine away, and the heavens
shall be folded together as a book:  and all their host shall fall down
as the leaf falleth from the vine, and from the fig tree.

And all the host of the heavens. . .That is, the sun, moon, and stars.

34:5. For my sword is inebriated in heaven:  behold it shall come down
upon Idumea, and upon the people of my slaughter unto judgment.

Idumea. . .Under the name of Idumea, or Edom a people that were enemies
of the Jews, are here understood the wicked in general, the enemies of
God and his church.

34:6. The sword of the Lord is filled with blood, it is made thick with
the blood of lambs and buck goats, with the blood of rams full of
marrow:  for there is a victim of the Lord in Bosra and a great
slaughter in the land of Edom.

34:7. And the unicorns shall go down with them, and the bulls with the
mighty:  their land shall be soaked with blood, and their ground with
the fat of fat ones.

The unicorns. . .That is, the great and mighty.

34:8. For it is the day of the vengeance of the Lord, the year of
recompenses of the judgment of Sion.

The year of recompenses, etc. . .When the persecutors of Sion, that is,
of the church, shall receive their reward.

34:9. And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the
ground thereof into brimstone:  and the land thereof shall become
burning pitch.

34:10. Night and day it shall not be quenched, the smoke thereof shall
go up for ever:  from generation to generation it shall lie waste, none
shall pass through it for ever and ever.

34:11. The bittern and ericius shall possess it:  and the ibis and the
raven shall dwell in it:  and a line shall be stretched out upon it, to
bring it to nothing, and a plummet, unto desolation.

34:12. The nobles thereof shall not be there:  they shall call rather
upon the king, and all the princes thereof shall be nothing.

34:13. And thorns and nettles shall grow up in its houses, and the
thistle in the fortresses thereof:  and it shall be the habitation of
dragons, and the pasture of ostriches.

34:14. And demons and monsters shall meet, and the hairy ones shall cry
out one to another, there hath the lamia lain down, and found rest for

34:15. There hath the ericius had its hole, and brought up its young
ones, and hath dug round about, and cherished them in the shadow
thereof:  thither are the kites gathered together one to another.

34:16. Search ye diligently in the book of the Lord, and read:  not one
of them was wanting, one hath not sought for the other:  for that which
proceedeth out of my mouth, he hath commanded, and his spirit it hath
gathered them.

34:17. And he hath cast the lot for them, and his hand hath divided it
to them by line:  they shall possess it for ever, from generation to
generation they shall dwell therein.

Isaias Chapter 35

The joyful flourishing of Christ's kingdom:  in his church shall be a
holy and secure way.

35:1. The land that was desolate and impassable shall be glad, and the
wilderness shall rejoice, and shall flourish like the lily.

35:2. It shall bud forth and blossom, and shall rejoice with joy and
praise:  the glory of Libanus is given to it:  the beauty of Carmel, and
Saron, they shall see the glory of the Lord, and the beauty of our God.

35:3. Strengthen ye the feeble hands, and confirm the weak knees.

35:4. Say to the fainthearted:  Take courage, and fear not:  behold your
God will bring the revenge of recompense:  God himself will come and
will save you.

35:5. Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened, and the ears of the
deaf shall be unstopped.

35:6. Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the tongue of the
dumb shall be free:  for waters are broken out in the desert, and
streams in the wilderness.

35:7. And that which was dry land, shall become a pool, and the thirsty
land springs of water.  In the dens where dragons dwelt before, shall
rise up the verdure of the reed and the bulrush.

35:8. And a path and a way shall be there, and it shall be called the
holy way:  the unclean shall not pass over it, and this shall be unto
you a straight way, so that fools shall not err therein.

35:9. No lion shall be there, nor shall any mischievous beast go up by
it, nor be found there:  but they shall walk there that shall be

35:10. And the redeemed of the Lord shall return, and shall come into
Sion with praise, and everlasting joy shall be upon their heads:  they
shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.

Isaias Chapter 36

Sennacherib invades Juda:  his blasphemies.

36:1. And it came to pass in the fourteenth year of king Ezechias, that
Sennacherib king of the Assyrians came up against all the fenced cities
of Juda, and took them.

36:2. And the king of the Assyrians sent Rabsaces from Lachis to
Jerusalem, to king Ezechias with a great army, and he stood by the
conduit of the upper pool in the way of the fuller's field.

36:3. And there went out to him Eliacim the son of Helcias, who was
over the house, and Sobna the scribe, and Joahe the son of Asaph the

36:4. And Rabsaces said to them:  Tell Ezechias:  Thus saith the great
king, the king of the Assyrians:  What is this confidence wherein thou

36:5. Or with what counsel or strength dost thou prepare for war?  on
whom dost thou trust, that thou art revolted from me?

36:6. Lo thou trustest upon this broken staff of a reed, upon Egypt:
upon which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it:  so
is Pharao king of Egypt to all that trust in him.

36:7. But if thou wilt answer me:  We trust in the Lord our God:  is it
not he whose high places and altars Ezechias hath taken away, and hath
said to Juda and Jerusalem:  You shall worship before this altar?

36:8. And now deliver thyself up to my lord the king of the Assyrians,
and I will give thee two thousand horses, and thou wilt not be able on
thy part to find riders for them.

36:9. And how wilt thou stand against the face of the judge of one
place, of the least of my master's servants?  But if thou trust in
Egypt, in chariots and in horsemen:

36:10. And am I now come up without the Lord against this land to
destroy it?  The Lord said to me:  Go up against this land, and destroy

36:11. And Eliacim, and Sobna, and Joahe said to Rabsaces:  Speak to thy
servants in the Syrian tongue:  for we understand it:  speak not to us in
the Jews' language in the hearing of the people, that are upon the

36:12. And Rabsaces said to them:  Hath my master sent me to thy master
and to thee, to speak all these words; and not rather to the men that
sit on the wall; that they may eat their own dung, and drink their
urine with you?

36:13. Then Rabsaces stood, and cried out with a loud voice in the
Jews' language, and said:  Hear the words of the great king, the king of
the Assyrians.

36:14. Thus saith the king:  Let not Ezechias deceive you, for he shall
not be able to deliver you.

36:15. And let not Ezechias make you trust in the Lord, saying:  The
Lord will surely deliver us, and this city shall not be given into the
hands of the king of the Assyrians.

36:16. Do not hearken to Ezechias:  for thus said the king of the
Assyrians:  Do with me that which is for your advantage, and come out to
me, and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree,
and drink ye every one the water of his cistern,

36:17. Till I come and take you away to a land, like to your own, a
land of corn and of wine, a land of bread and vineyards.

36:18. Neither let Ezechias trouble you, saying:  The Lord will deliver
us.  Have any of the gods of the nations delivered their land out of the
hand of the king of the Assyrians?

36:19. Where is the god of Emath and of Arphad?  where is the god of
Sepharvaim?  have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?

36:20. Who is there among all the gods of these lands, that hath
delivered his country out of my hand, that the Lord may deliver
Jerusalem out of my hand?

36:21. And they held their peace, and answered him not a word.  For the
king had commanded, saying:  Answer him not.

36:22. And Eliacim the son of Helcias, that was over the house, and
Sobna the scribe, and Joahe the son of Asaph the recorder, went in to
Ezechias with their garments rent, and told him the words of Rabsaces.

Isaias Chapter 37

Ezechias, his mourning and prayer.  God's promise of protection.  The
Assyrian army is destroyed.  Sennacherib is slain.

37:1. And it came to pass, when king Ezechias had heard it, that he
rent his garments and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the
house of the Lord.

37:2. And he sent Eliacim who was over the house, and Sobna the scribe,
and the ancients of the priests covered with sackcloth, to Isaias the
son of Amos the prophet.

37:3. And they said to him:  Thus saith Ezechias:  This day is a day of
tribulation, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy:  for the children are come
to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.

37:4. It may be the Lord thy God will hear the words of Rabsaces, whom
the king of the Assyrians his master hath sent to blaspheme the living
God, and to reproach with words which the Lord thy God hath heard:
wherefore lift up by prayer for the remnant that is left.

37:5. And the servants of Ezechias came to Isaias.

37:6. And Isaias said to them:  Thus shall you say to your master:  Thus
saith the Lord:  Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, with
which the servants of the king of the Assyrians have blasphemed me.

37:7. Behold, I will send a spirit upon him, and he shall hear a
message, and shall return to his own country, and I will cause him to
fall by the sword in his own country.

37:8. And Rabsaces returned, and found the king of the Assyrians
besieging Lobna.  For he had heard that he was departed from Lachis.

37:9. And he heard say about Tharaca the king of Ethiopia:  He is come
forth to fight against thee.  And when he heard it, he sent messengers
to Ezechias, saying:

37:10. Thus shall you speak to Ezechias the king of Juda, saying:  Let
not thy God deceive thee, in whom thou trustest, saying:  Jerusalem
shall not be given into the hands of the king of the Assyrians.

37:11. Behold thou hast heard all that the kings of the Assyrians have
done to all countries which they have destroyed, and canst thou be

37:12. Have the gods of the nations delivered them whom my fathers have
destroyed, Gozam, and Haram, and Reseph, and the children of Eden, that
were in Thalassar?

37:13. Where is the king of Emath, and the king of Arphad, and the king
of the city of Sepharvaim, of Ana, and of Ava?

37:14. And Ezechias took the letter from the hand of the messengers,
and read it, and went up to the house of the Lord, and Ezechias spread
it before the Lord.

37:15. And Ezechias prayed to the Lord, saying:

37:16. Lord of hosts, God of Israel who sitteth upon the cherubims,
thou alone art the God of all the kingdoms of the earth, thou hast made
heaven and earth.

37:17. Incline, O Lord, thy ear, and hear:  open, O Lord, thy eyes, and
see, and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which he hath sent to
blaspheme the living God.

37:18. For of a truth, O Lord, the kings of the Assyrians have laid
waste lands, and their countries.

37:19. And they have cast their gods into the fire, for they were not
gods, but the works of men's hands, of wood and stone:  and they broke
them in pieces.

37:20. And now, O Lord our God, save us out of his hand:  and let all
the kingdoms of the earth know, that thou only art the Lord.

37:21. And Isaias the son of Amos sent to Ezechias, saying:  Thus saith
the Lord the God of Israel:  For the prayer thou hast made to me
concerning Sennacherib the king of the Assyrians:

37:22. This is the word which the Lord hath spoken of him:  The virgin
the daughter of Sion hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn:  the
daughter of Jerusalem hath wagged the head after thee.

37:23. Whom hast thou reproached, and whom hast thou blasphemed, and
against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thy eyes on
high?  Against the Holy One of Israel.

37:24. By the hand of thy servants thou hast reproached the Lord:  and
hast said:  With the multitude of my chariots I have gone up to the
height of the mountains, to the top of Libanus:  and I will cut down its
tall cedars, and its choice fir trees, and will enter to the top of its
height, to the forest of its Carmel.

Carmel. . .See these figurative expressions explained in the annotations
on the nineteenth chapter of the fourth book of Kings.

37:25. I have digged, and drunk water, and have dried up with the sole
of my foot, all the rivers shut up in banks.

37:26. Hast thou not heard what I have done to him of old?  from the
days of old I have formed it:  and now I have brought it to effect:  and
it hath come to pass that hills fighting together, and fenced cities
should be destroyed.

37:27. The inhabitants of them were weak of hand, they trembled, and
were confounded:  they became like the grass of the field, and the herb
of the pasture, and like the grass of the housetops, which withered
before it was ripe.

37:28. I know thy dwelling, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and
thy rage against me.

37:29. When thou wast mad against me, thy pride came up to my ears:
therefore I will put a ring in thy nose, and a bit between thy lips,
and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.

37:30. But to thee this shall be a sign:  Eat this year the things that
spring of themselves, and in the second year eat fruits:  but in the
third year sow and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of

37:31. And that which shall be saved of the house of Juda, and which is
left, shall take root downward, and shall bear fruit upward:

37:32. For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and salvation
from mount Sion:  the zeal of the Lord of hosts shall do this.

37:33. Wherefore thus saith the Lord concerning the king of the
Assyrians:  He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow into
it, nor come before it with shield, nor cast a trench about it.

37:34. By the way that he came, he shall return, and into this city he
shall not come, saith the Lord.

37:35. And I will protect this city, and will save it for my own sake,
and for the sake of David my servant.

37:36. And the angel of the Lord went out and slew in the camp of the
Assyrians a hundred and eighty-five thousand.  And they arose in the
morning, and behold they were all dead corpses.

37:37. And Sennacherib the king of the Assyrians went out and departed,
and returned, and dwelt in Ninive.

37:38. And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the temple of
Nesroch his god, that Adramelech and Sarasar his sons slew him with the
sword:  and they fled into the land of Ararat, and Asarhaddon his son
reigned in his stead.

Isaias Chapter 38

Ezechias being advertised that he shall die, obtains by prayer a
prolongation of his life:  in confirmation of which the sun goes back.
The canticle of Ezechias.

38:1. In those days Ezechias was sick even to death, and Isaias the son
of Amos the prophet cane unto him, and said to him:  Thus saith the
Lord:  Take order with thy house, for thou shalt die, and not live.

38:2. And Ezechias turned his face toward the wall, and prayed to the

38:3. And said:  I beseech thee, O Lord, remember how I have walked
before thee in truth, and with a perfect heart, and have done that
which is good in thy sight.  And Ezechias wept with great weeping.

38:4. And the word of the Lord came to Isaias, saying:

38:5. Go and say to Ezechias:  Thus saith the Lord the God of David thy
father:  I have heard thy prayer, and I have seen thy tears:  behold I
will add to thy days fifteen years:

38:6. And I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king
of the Assyrians, and I will protect it.

38:7. And this shall be a sign to thee from the Lord, that the Lord
will do this word which he hath spoken:

38:8. Behold I will bring again the shadow of the lines, by which it is
now gone down in the sun dial of Achaz with the sun, ten lines
backward.  And the sun returned ten lines by the degrees by which it was
gone down.

38:9. The writing of Ezechias king of Juda, when he had been sick, and
was recovered of his sickness.

38:10. I said:  In the midst of my days I shall go to the gates of hell:
I sought for the residue of my years.

Hell. . .Sheol, or Hades, the region of the dead.

38:11. I said:  I shall not see the Lord God in the land of the living.
I shall behold man no more, nor the inhabitant of rest.

38:12. My generation is at an end, and it is rolled away from me, as a
shepherd's tent.  My life is cut off, as by a weaver:  whilst I was yet
but beginning, he cut me off:  from morning even to night thou wilt make
an end of me.

38:13. I hoped till morning, as a lion so hath he broken all my bones:
from morning even to night thou wilt make an end of me.

38:14. I will cry like a young swallow, I will meditate like a dove:  my
eyes are weakened looking upward:  Lord, I suffer violence, answer thou
for me.

38:15. What shall I say, or what shall he answer for me, whereas he
himself hath done it?  I will recount to thee all my years in the
bitterness of my soul.

38:16. O Lord, if man's life be such, and the life of my spirit be in
such things as these, thou shalt correct me, and make me to live.

38:17. Behold in peace is my bitterness most bitter:  but thou hast
delivered my soul that it should not perish, thou hast cast all my sins
behind thy back.

38:18. For hell shall not confess to thee, neither shall death praise
thee:  nor shall they that go down into the pit, look for thy truth.

38:19. The living, the living, he shall give praise to thee, as I do
this day:  the father shall make the truth known to the children.

38:20. O Lord, save me, and we will sing our psalms all the days of our
life in the house of the Lord.

38:21. Now Isaias had ordered that they should take a lump of figs, and
lay it as a plaster upon the wound, and that he should be healed.

38:22. And Ezechias had said:  What shall be the sign that I shall go up
to the house of the Lord?

Isaias Chapter 39

Ezechias shews all his treasures to the ambassadors of Babylon:  upon
which Isaias foretells the Babylonish captivity.

39:1. At that time Merodach Baladan, the son of Baladan king of
Babylon, sent letters and presents to Ezechias:  for he had heard that
he had been sick and was recovered.

39:2. And Ezechias rejoiced at their coming, and he shewed them the
storehouses of his aromatical spices, and of the silver, and of the
gold, and of the sweet odours, and of the precious ointment, and all
the storehouses of his furniture, and all things that were found in his
treasures.  There was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion that
Ezechias shewed them not.

39:3. Then Isaias the prophet came to king Ezechias, and said to him:
What said these men, and from whence came they to thee?  And Ezechias
said:  From a far country they came to me, from Babylon.

39:4. And he said:  What saw they in thy house?  And Ezechias said:  All
things that are in my house have they seen, there was not any thing
which I have not shewn them in my treasures.

39:5. And Isaias said to Ezechias:  Hear the word of the Lord of hosts.

39:6. Behold the days shall come that all that is in thy house, and
that thy fathers have laid up in store until this day, shall be carried
away into Babylon:  there shall not any thing be left, saith the Lord.

39:7. And of thy children, that shall issue from thee, whom thou shalt
beget, they shall take away, and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of
the king of Babylon.

39:8. And Ezechias said to Isaias:  The word of the Lord, which he hath
spoken, is good.  And he said:  Only let peace and truth be in my days.

Isaias Chapter 40

The prophet comforts the people with the promise of the coming of
Christ to forgive their sins.  God's almighty power and majesty.

40:1. Be comforted, be comforted, my people, saith your God.

40:2. Speak ye to the heart of Jerusalem, and call to her:  for her evil
is come to an end, her iniquity is forgiven:  she hath received of the
hand of the Lord double for all her sins.

40:3. The voice of one crying in the desert:  Prepare ye the way of the
Lord, make straight in the wilderness the paths of our God.

40:4. Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall
be made low, and the crooked shall become straight, and the rough ways

40:5. And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh
together shall see, that the mouth of the Lord hath spoken.

40:6. The voice of one, saying:  Cry.  And I said:  What shall I cry?
All flesh is grass, and all the glory thereof as the flower of the field.

40:7. The grass is withered, and the flower is fallen, because the
spirit of the Lord hath blown upon it.  Indeed the people is grass:

40:8. The grass is withered, and the flower is fallen:  but the word of
our Lord endureth for ever.

40:9. Get thee up upon a high mountain, thou that bringest good tidings
to Sion:  lift up thy voice with strength, thou that bringest good
tidings to Jerusalem:  lift it up, fear not.  Say to the cities of Juda:
Behold your God:

40:10. Behold the Lord God shall come with strength, and his arm shall
rule:  Behold his reward is with him and his work is before him.

40:11. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd:  he shall gather
together the lambs with his arm, and shall take them up in his bosom,
and he himself shall carry them that are with young.

40:12. Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and
weighed the heavens with his palm?  who hath poised with three fingers
the bulk of the earth, and weighed the mountains in scales, and the
hills in a balance?

40:13. Who hath forwarded the spirit of the Lord?  or who hath been his
counsellor, and hath taught him?

40:14. With whom hath he consulted, and who hath instructed him, and
taught him the path of justice, and taught him knowledge, and shewed
him the way of understanding?

40:15. Behold the Gentiles are as a drop of a bucket, and are counted
as the smallest grain of a balance:  behold the islands are as a little

40:16. And Libanus shall not be enough to burn, nor the beasts thereof
sufficient for a burnt offering.

40:17. All nations are before him as if they had no being at all, and
are counted to him as nothing, and vanity.

40:18. To whom then have you likened God?  or what image will you make
for him?

40:19. Hath the workman cast a graven statue?  or hath the goldsmith
formed it with gold, or the silversmith with plates of silver?

40:20. He hath chosen strong wood, and that will not rot:  the skilful
workman seeketh how he may set up an idol that may not be moved.

40:21. Do you not know?  hath it not been heard?  hath it not been told
you from the beginning?  have you not understood the foundations of the

40:22. It is he that sitteth upon the globe of the earth, and the
inhabitants thereof are as locusts:  he that stretcheth out the heavens
as nothing, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in.

40:23. He that bringeth the searchers of secrets to nothing, that hath
made the judges of the earth as vanity.

40:24. And surely their stock was neither planted, nor sown, nor rooted
in the earth:  suddenly he hath blown upon them, and they are withered,
and a whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.

40:25. And to whom have ye likened me, or made me equal, saith the Holy

40:26. Lift up your eyes on high, and see who hath created these
things:  who bringeth out their host by number, and calleth them all by
their names:  by the greatness of his might, and strength, and power,
not one of them was missing.

40:27. Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel:  My way is hid
from the Lord, and my judgment is passed over from my God?

40:28. Knowest thou not, or hast thou not heard?  the Lord is the
everlasting God, who hath created the ends of the earth:  he shall not
faint, nor labour, neither is there any searching out of his wisdom.

40:29. It is he that giveth strength to the weary, and increaseth force
and might to them that are not.

40:30. You shall faint, and labour, and young men shall fall by

40:31. But they that hope in the Lord shall renew their strength, they
shall take wings as eagles, they shall run and not be weary, they shall
walk and not faint.

Isaias Chapter 41

The reign of the just one:  the vanity of idols.

41:1. Let the islands keep silence before me, and the nations take new
strength:  let them come near, and then speak, let us come near to
judgment together.

41:2. Who hath raised up the just one from the east, hath called him to
follow him?  he shall give the nations in his sight, and he shall rule
over kings:  he shall give them as the dust to his sword, as stubble
driven by the wind, to his bow.

41:3. He shall pursue them, he shall pass in peace, no path shall
appear after his feet.

41:4. Who hath wrought and done these things, calling the generations
from the beginning?  I the Lord, I am the first and the last.

41:5. The islands saw it, and feared, the ends of the earth were
astonished, they drew near, and came.

41:6. Every one shall help his neighbour, and shall say to his brother:
Be of good courage.

41:7. The coppersmith striking with the hammer encouraged him that
forged at that time, saying:  It is ready for soldering:  and he
strengthened it with nails, that it should not be moved.

41:8. But thou Israel, art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the
seed of Abraham my friend:

41:9. In whom I have taken thee from the ends of the earth, and from
the remote parts thereof have called thee, and said to thee:  Thou art
my servant, I have chosen thee, and have not cast thee away.

41:10. Fear not, for I am with thee:  turn not aside, for I am thy God:
I have strengthened thee, and have helped thee, and the right hand of
my just one hath upheld thee.

41:11. Behold all that fight against thee shall be confounded and
ashamed, they shall be as nothing, and the men shall perish that strive
against thee.

41:12. Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find the men that resist
thee:  they shall be as nothing:  and as a thing consumed the men that
war against thee.

41:13. For I am the Lord thy God, who take thee by the hand, and say to
thee:  Fear not, I have helped thee.

41:14. Fear not, thou worm of Jacob, you that are dead of Israel:  I
have helped thee, saith the Lord:  and thy Redeemer the Holy One of

41:15. I have made thee as a new thrashing wain, with teeth like a saw:
thou shalt thrash the mountains, and break them in pieces:  and shalt
make the hills as chaff.

41:16. Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the
whirlwind shall scatter them:  and thou shalt rejoice in the Lord, in
the Holy One of Israel thou shalt be joyful.

41:17. The needy and the poor seek for waters, and there are none:
their tongue hath been dry with thirst.  I the Lord will hear them, I
the God of Israel will not forsake them.

41:18. I will open rivers in the high hills, and fountains in the midst
of the plains:  I will turn the desert into pools of waters, and the
impassable land into streams of waters.

41:19. I will plant in the wilderness the cedar, and the thorn, and the
myrtle, and the olive tree:  I will set in the desert the fir tree, the
elm, and the box tree together:

The thorn. . .In Hebrew, the shitta, or setim, a tree resembling the
white thorn.

41:20. That they may see and know, and consider, and understand
together that the hand of the Lord hath done this, and the Holy One of
Israel hath created it.

41:21. Bring your cause near, saith the Lord:  bring hither, if you have
any thing to allege, saith the King of Jacob.

41:22. Let them come, and tell us all things that are to come:  tell us
the former things what they were:  and we will set our heart upon them
and shall know the latter end of them, and tell us the things that are
to come.

41:23. Shew the things that are to come hereafter, and we shall know
that ye are gods.  Do ye also good or evil, if you can:  and let us
speak, and see together.

41:24. Behold, you are of nothing, and your work of that which hath no
being:  he that hath chosen you is an abomination.

41:25. I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come from the
rising of the sun:  he shall call upon my name, and he shall make
princes to be as dirt, and as the potter treading clay.

41:26. Who hath declared from the beginning, that we may know:  and from
time of old, that we may say:  Thou art just.  There is none that
sheweth, nor that foretelleth, nor that heareth your words.

41:27. The first shall say to Sion:  Behold they are here, and to
Jerusalem I will give an evangelist.

41:28. And I saw, and there was no one even among them to consult, or
who, when I asked, could answer a word.

41:29. Behold they are all in the wrong, and their works are vain:
their idols are wind and vanity.

Isaias Chapter 42

The office of Christ.  The preaching of the gospel to the Gentiles.  The
blindness and reprobation of the Jews.

42:1. Behold my servant, I will uphold him:  my elect, my soul
delighteth in him:  I have given my spirit upon him, he shall bring
forth judgment to the Gentiles.

My servant. . .Christ, who according to his humanity, is the servant of

42:2. He shall not cry, nor have respect to person, neither shall his
voice be heard abroad.

42:3. The bruised reed he shall not break, and smoking flax he shall
not quench, he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.

42:4. He shall not be sad, nor troublesome, till he set judgment in the
earth, and the islands shall wait for his law.

42:5. Thus saith the Lord God that created the heavens, and stretched
them out:  that established the earth, and the things that spring out of
it:  that giveth breath to the people upon it, and spirit to them that
tread thereon.

42:6. I the Lord have called thee in justice, and taken thee by the
hand, and preserved thee.  And I have given thee for a covenant of the
people, for a light of the Gentiles:

42:7. That thou mightest open the eyes of the blind, and bring forth
the prisoner out of prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the
prison house.

42:8. I the Lord, this is my name:  I will not give my glory to another,
nor my praise to graven things.

42:9. The things that were first, behold they are come:  and new things
do I declare:  before they spring forth, I will make you hear them.

42:10. Sing ye to the Lord a new song, his praise is from the ends of
the earth:  you that go down to the sea, and all that are therein:  ye
islands, and ye inhabitants of them.

42:11. Let the desert and the cities thereof be exalted:  Cedar shall
dwell in houses:  ye inhabitants of Petra, give praise, they shall cry
from the top of the mountains.

Petra. . .A city that gives name to Arabia Petraea.

42:12. They shall give glory to the Lord, and shall declare his praise
in the islands.

42:13. The Lord shall go forth as a mighty man, as a man of war shall
he stir up zeal:  he shall shout and cry:  he shall prevail against his

42:14. I have always held my peace, I have kept silence, I have been
patient, I will speak now as a woman in labour:  I will destroy, and
swallow up at once.

42:15. I will lay waste the mountains and hills, and will make all
their grass to wither:  and I will turn rivers into islands, and will
dry up the standing pools.

42:16. And I will lead the blind into the way which they know not:  and
in the paths which they were ignorant of I will make them walk:  I will
make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight:  these
things have I done to them, and have not forsaken them.

42:17. They are turned back:  let them be greatly confounded, that trust
in a graven thing, that say to a molten thing:  You are our god.

42:18. Hear, ye deaf, and, ye blind, behold that you may see.

42:19. Who is blind, but my servant?  or deaf, but he to whom I have
sent my messengers?  Who is blind, but he that is sold?  or who is blind,
but the servant of the Lord?

42:20. Thou that seest many things, wilt thou not observe them?  thou
that hast ears open, wilt thou not hear?

42:21. And the Lord was willing to sanctify him, and to magnify the
law, and exalt it.

42:22. But this is a people that is robbed and wasted:  they are all the
snare of young men, and they are hid in the houses of prisons:  they are
made a prey, and there is none to deliver them:  a spoil, and there is
none that saith:  Restore.

42:23. Who is there among you that will give ear to this, that will
attend and hearken for times to come?

42:24. Who hath given Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to robbers?  hath
not the Lord himself, against whom we have sinned?  And they would not
walk in his ways, and they have not hearkened to his law.

42:25. And he hath poured out upon him the indignation of his fury, and
a strong battle, and hath burnt him round about, and he knew not:  and
set him on fire, and he understood not.

Isaias Chapter 43

God comforts his church, promising to protect her for ever:  he
expostulates with the Jews for their ingratitude.

43:1. And now thus saith the Lord that created thee, O Jacob, and
formed thee, O Israel:  Fear not, for I have redeemed thee, and called
thee by thy name:  thou art mine.

43:2. When thou shalt pass through the waters, I will be with thee, and
the rivers shall not cover thee:  when thou shalt walk in the fire, thou
shalt not be burnt, and the flames shall not burn in thee:

43:3. For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour:  I
have given Egypt for thy atonement, Ethiopia and Saba for thee.

43:4. Since thou becamest honourable in my eyes, thou art glorious:  I
have loved thee, and I will give men for thee, and people for thy life.

43:5. Fear not, for I am with thee:  I will bring thy seed from the
east, and gather thee from the west.

43:6. I will say to the north:  Give up:  and to the south:  Keep not
back:  bring my sons from afar, and my daughters from the ends of the

43:7. And every one that calleth upon my name, I have created him for
my glory.  I have formed him, and made him.

43:8. Bring forth the people that are blind, and have eyes:  that are
deaf, and have ears.

43:9. All the nations are assembled together, and the tribes are
gathered:  who among you can declare this, and shall make us hear the
former things?  let them bring forth their witnesses, let them be
justified, and hear, and say:  It is truth.

43:10. You are my witnesses, saith the Lord, and my servant whom I have
chosen:  that you may know, and believe me, and understand that I myself
am.  Before me there was no God formed, and after me there shall be

43:11. I am, I am the Lord:  and there is no saviour besides me.

43:12. I have declared, and have saved.  I have made it heard, and there
was no strange one among you.  You are my witnesses, saith the Lord, and
I am God.

43:13. And from the beginning I am the same, and there is none that can
deliver out of my hind:  I will work, and who shall turn it away?

43:14. Thus saith the Lord your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:  For
your sake I sent to Babylon, and have brought down all their bars, and
the Chaldeans glorying in their ships.

43:15. I am the Lord your Holy One, the Creator of Israel, your King.

43:16. Thus saith the Lord, who made a way in the sea, and a path in
the mighty waters.

43:17. Who brought forth the chariot and the horse, the army and the
strong:  they lay down to sleep together, and they shall not rise again:
they are broken as flax, and are extinct.

43:18. Remember not former things, and look not on things of old.

43:19. Behold I do new things, and now they shall spring forth, verily
you shall know them:  I will make a way in the wilderness, and rivers in
the desert.

43:20. The beast of the field shall glorify me, the dragons and the
ostriches:  because I have given waters in the wilderness, rivers in the
desert, to give drink to my people, to my chosen.

43:21. This people have I formed for myself, they shall shew forth my

43:22. But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob, neither hast thou
laboured about me, O Israel.

43:23. Thou hast not offered me the ram of thy holocaust, nor hast thou
glorified me with thy victims:  I have not caused thee to serve with
oblations, nor wearied thee with incense.

43:24. Thou hast bought me no sweet cane with money, neither hast thou
filled me with the fat of thy victims.  But thou hast made me to serve
with thy sins, thou hast wearied me with thy iniquities.

43:25. I am, I am he that blot out thy iniquities for my own sake, and
I will not remember thy sins.

43:26. Put me in remembrance, and let us plead together:  tell if thou
hast any thing to justify thyself.

43:27. Thy first father sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed
against me.

43:28. And I have profaned the holy princes, I have given Jacob to
slaughter, and Israel to reproach.

Isaias Chapter 44

God's favour to his church.  The folly of idolatry.  The people shall be
delivered from captivity.

44:1. And now hear, O Jacob, my servant, and Israel whom I have chosen.

44:2. Thus saith the Lord that made and formed thee, thy helper from
the womb:  Fear not, O my servant Jacob, and thou most righteous whom I
have chosen.

44:3. For I will pour out waters upon the thirsty ground, and streams
upon the dry land:  I will pour out my spirit upon thy seed, and my
blessing upon thy stock.

44:4. And they shall spring up among the herbs, as willows beside the
running waters.

44:5. One shall say:  I am the Lord's, and another shall call himself by
the name of Jacob, and another shall subscribe with his hand, To the
Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel.

44:6. Thus saith the Lord the king of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord
of hosts:  I am the first, and I am the last, and besides me there is no

44:7. Who is like to me?  let him call and declare:  and let him set
before me the order, since I appointed the ancient people:  and the
things to come, and that shall be hereafter, let them shew unto them.

44:8. Fear ye not, neither be ye troubled from that time I have made
thee to hear, and have declared:  you are my witnesses.  Is there a God
besides me, a maker, whom I have not known?

44:9. The makers of idols are all of them nothing, and their best
beloved things shall not profit them.  They are their witnesses, that
they do not see, nor understand, that they may be ashamed.

44:10. Who hath formed a god, and made a graven thing that is
profitable for nothing?

44:11. Behold, all the partakers thereof shall be confounded:  for the
makers are men:  they shall all assemble together, they shall stand and
fear, and shall be confounded together.

44:12. The smith hath wrought with his file, with coals, and with
hammers he hath formed it, and hath wrought with the strength of his
arm:  he shall hunger and faint, he shall drink no water, and shall be

44:13. The carpenter hath stretched out his rule, he hath formed it
with a plane:  he hath made it with corners, and hath fashioned it round
with the compass:  and he hath made the image of a man as it were a
beautiful man dwelling in a house.

44:14. He hath cut down cedars, taken the holm, and the oak that stood
among the trees of the forest:  he hath planted the pine tree, which the
rain hath nourished.

44:15. And it hath served men for fuel:  he took thereof, and warmed
himself:  and he kindled it, and baked bread:  but of the rest he made a
god, and adored it:  he made a graven thing, and bowed down before it.

44:16. Part of it he burnt with fire, and with part of it he dressed
his meat:  he boiled pottage, and was filled, and was warmed, and said:
Aha, I am warm, I have seen the fire.

44:17. But the residue thereof he made a god, and a graven thing for
himself:  he boweth down before it, and adoreth it, and prayeth unto it,
saying:  Deliver me, for thou art my God.

44:18. They have not known, nor understood:  for their eyes are covered
that they may not see, and that they may not understand with their

44:19. They do not consider in their mind, nor know, nor have the
thought to say:  I have burnt part of it in the fire, and I have baked
bread upon the coals thereof:  I have broiled flesh and have eaten, and
of the residue thereof shall I make an idol?  shall I fall down before
the stock of a tree?

44:20. Part thereof is ashes:  his foolish heart adoreth it, and he will
not save his soul, nor say:  Perhaps there is a lie in my right hand.

44:21. Remember these things, O Jacob, and Israel, for thou art my
servant.  I have formed thee, thou art my servant, O Israel, forget me

44:22. I have blotted out thy iniquities as a cloud, and thy sins as a
mist:  return to me, for I have redeemed thee.

44:23. Give praise, O ye heavens, for the Lord hath shewn mercy:  shout
with joy, ye ends of the earth:  ye mountains, resound with praise,
thou, O forest, and every tree therein:  for the Lord hath redeemed
Jacob, and Israel shall be glorified.

44:24. Thus saith the Lord thy redeemer, and thy maker, from the womb:
I am the Lord, that make all things, that alone stretch out the
heavens, that established the earth, and there is none with me.

44:25. That make void the tokens of diviners, and make the soothsayers
mad.  That turn the wise backward, and that make their knowledge

44:26. That raise up the word of my servant and perform the counsel of
my messengers, who say to Jerusalem:  Thou shalt be inhabited:  and to
the cities of Juda:  You shall be built, and I will raise up the wastes

44:27. Who say to the deep:  Be thou desolate, and I will dry up thy

44:28. Who say to Cyrus:  Thou art my shepherd, and thou shalt perform
all my pleasure.  Who say to Jerusalem:  Thou shalt be built:  and to the
temple:  Thy foundations shall be laid.

Isaias Chapter 45

A prophecy of Cyrus, as a figure of Christ, the great deliverer of
God's people.

45:1. Thus saith the Lord to my anointed Cyrus, whose right hand I have
taken hold of, to subdue nations before his face, and to turn the backs
of kings, and to open the doors before him, and the gates shall not be

45:2. I will go before thee, and will humble the great ones of the
earth:  I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and will burst the
bars of iron.

45:3. And I will give thee hidden treasures, and the concealed riches
of secret places:  that thou mayest know that I am the Lord who call
thee by thy name, the God of Israel.

45:4. For the sake of my servant Jacob, and Israel my elect, I have
even called thee by thy name:  I have made a likeness of thee, and thou
hast not known me.

45:5. I am the Lord, and there is none else:  there is no God besides
me:  I girded thee, and thou hast not known me:

45:6. That they may know who are from the rising of the sun, and they
who are from the west, that there is none besides me.  I am the Lord,
and there is none else:

45:7. I form the light, and create darkness, I make peace, and create
evil:  I the Lord that do all these things.

Create evil, etc. . .The evils of afflictions and punishments, but not
the evil of sin.

45:8. Drop down dew, ye heavens, from above, and let the clouds rain
the just:  let the earth be opened, and bud forth a saviour:  and let
justice spring up together:  I the Lord have created him.

45:9. Woe to him that gainsayeth his maker, a sherd of the earthen
pots:  shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it:  What art thou
making, and thy work is without hands?

45:10. Woe to him that saith to his father:  Why begettest thou?  and to
the woman:  Why dost thou bring forth?

45:11. Thus saith the Lord the Holy One of Israel, his maker:  Ask me of
things to come, concerning my children, and concerning the work of my
hands give ye charge to me.

45:12. I made the earth:  and I created man upon it:  my hand stretched
forth the heavens, and I have commanded all their host.

45:13. I have raised him up to justice, and I will direct all his ways:
he shall build my city, and let go my captives, not for ransom, nor for
presents, saith the Lord the God of hosts.

45:14. Thus saith the Lord:  The labour of Egypt, and the merchandise of
Ethiopia, and of Sabaim, men of stature shall come over to thee, and
shall be thine:  they shall walk after thee, they shall go bound with
manacles:  and they shall worship thee, and shall make supplication to
thee:  only in thee is God, and there is no God besides thee.

45:15. Verily thou art a hidden God, the God of Israel the saviour.

45:16. They are all confounded and ashamed:  the forgers of errors are
gone together into confusion.

45:17. Israel is saved in the Lord with an eternal salvation:  you shall
not be confounded, and you shall not be ashamed for ever and ever.

45:18. For thus saith the Lord that created the heavens, God himself
that formed the earth, and made it, the very maker thereof:  he did not
create it in vain:  he formed it to be inhabited.  I am the Lord, and
there is no other.

45:19. I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth:  I
have not said to the seed of Jacob:  Seek me in vain.  I am the Lord that
speak justice, that declare right things.

45:20. Assemble yourselves, and come, and draw near together, ye that
are saved of the Gentiles:  they have no knowledge that set up the wood
of their graven work, and pray to a god that cannot save.

45:21. Tell ye, and come, and consult together:  who hath declared this
from the beginning, who hath foretold this from that time?  Have not I
the Lord, and there is no God else besides me?  A just God and a
saviour, there is none besides me.

45:22. Be converted to me, and you shall be saved, all ye ends of the
earth:  for I am God, and there is no other.

45:23. I have sworn by myself, the word of justice shall go out of my
mouth, and shall not return:

45:24. For every knee shall be bowed to me, and every tongue shall

45:25. Therefore shall he say:  In the Lord are my justices and empire:
they shall come to him, and all that resist him shall be confounded.

45:26. In the Lord shall all the seed of Israel be justified and

Isaias Chapter 46

The idols of Babylon shall be destroyed.  Salvation is promised through

46:1. Bel is broken, Nebo is destroyed:  their idols are put upon beasts
and cattle, your burdens of heavy weight even unto weariness.

46:2. They are consumed, and are broken together:  they could not save
him that carried them, and they themselves shall go into captivity.

46:3. Hearken unto me, O house of Jacob, all the remnant of the house
of Israel who are carried by my bowels, are borne up by my womb.

46:4. Even to your old age I am the same, and to your grey hairs I will
carry you:  I have made you, and I will bear:  I will carry and will

46:5. To whom have you likened me, and made me equal, and compared me,
and made me like?

46:6. You that contribute gold out of the bag, and weigh out silver in
the scales:  and hire a goldsmith to make a god:  and they fall down and

46:7. They bear him on their shoulders and carry him, and set him in
his place, and he shall stand, and shall not stir out of his place.
Yea, when they shall cry also unto him, he shall not hear:  he shall not
save them from tribulation.

46:8. Remember this, and be ashamed:  return, ye transgressors, to the

46:9. Remember the former age, for I am God, and there is no God
beside, neither is there the like to me:

46:10. Who shew from the beginning the things that shall be at last,
and from ancient times the things that as yet are not done, saying:  My
counsel shall stand, and all my will shall be done:

46:11. Who call a bird from the east, and from a far country the man of
my own will, and I have spoken, and will bring it to pass:  I have
created, and I will do it.  Hear me, O ye hardhearted, who are far from

46:12. I have brought my justice near, it shall not be afar off:  and my
salvation shall not tarry.  I will give salvation in Sion, and my glory
in Israel.

Isaias Chapter 47

God's judgment upon Babylon.

47:1. Come down, sit in the dust, O virgin daughter of Babylon, sit on
the ground:  there is no throne for the daughter of the Chaldeans, for
thou shalt no more be called delicate and tender.

47:2. Take a millstone and grind meal:  uncover thy shame, strip thy
shoulder, make bare thy legs, pass over the rivers.

47:3. Thy nakedness shall be discovered, and thy shame shall be seen:  I
will take vengeance, and no man shall resist me.

47:4. Our redeemer, the Lord of hosts is his name, the Holy One of

47:5. Sit thou silent, and get thee into darkness, O daughter of the
Chaldeans:  for thou shalt no more be called the lady of kingdoms.

47:6. I was angry with my people, I have polluted my inheritance, and
have given them into thy hand:  thou hast shewn no mercy to them:  upon
the ancient thou hast laid thy yoke exceeding heavy.

47:7. And thou hast said:  I shall be a lady for ever:  thou hast not
laid these things to thy heart, neither hast thou remembered thy latter

47:8. And now hear these things, thou that art delicate, and dwellest
confidently, that sayest in thy heart:  I am, and there is none else
besides me:  I shall not sit as a widow, and I shall not know

47:9. These two things shall come upon thee suddenly in one day,
barrenness and widowhood.  All things are come upon thee, because of the
multitude of thy sorceries, and for the great hardness of thy

47:10. And thou hast trusted in thy wickedness, and hast said:  There is
none that seeth me.  Thy wisdom, and, thy knowledge, this hath deceived
thee.  And thou hast said in thy heart:  I am, and besides me there is no

47:11. Evil shall come upon thee, and thou shalt not know the rising
thereof:  and calamity shall fall violently upon thee, which thou canst
not keep off:  misery shall come upon thee suddenly, which thou shalt
not know.

47:12. Stand now with thy enchanters, and with the multitude of thy
sorceries, in which thou hast laboured from thy youth, if so be it may
profit thee any thing, or if thou mayst become stronger.

47:13. Thou hast failed in the multitude of thy counsels:  let now the
astrologers stand and save thee, they that gazed at the stars, and
counted the months, that from them they might tell the things that
shall come to thee.

47:14. Behold they are as stubble, fire hath burnt them, they shall not
deliver themselves from the power of the flames:  there are no coals
wherewith they may be warmed, nor fire, that they may sit thereat.

47:15. Such are all the things become to thee, in which thou hast
laboured:  thy merchants from thy youth, every one hath erred in his own
way, there is none that can save thee.

Isaias Chapter 48

He reproaches the Jews for their obstinacy:  he will deliver them out of
their captivity, for his own name's sake.

48:1. Hear ye these things, O house of Jacob, you that are called by
the name of Israel, and are come forth out of the waters of Juda, you
who swear by the name of the Lord, and make mention of the God of
Israel, but not in truth, nor in justice.

48:2. For they are called of the holy city, and are established upon
the God of Israel:  the Lord of hosts is his name.

48:3. The former things of old, I have declared, and they went forth
out of my mouth, and I have made them to be heard:  I did them suddenly
and they came to pass.

48:4. For I knew that thou art stubborn, and thy neck is as an iron
sinew, and thy forehead as brass.

48:5. I foretold thee of old, before they came to pass I told thee,
lest thou shouldst say:  My idols have done these things, and my graven
and molten things have commanded them.

48:6. See now all the things which thou hast heard:  but have you
declared them?  I have shewn thee new things from that time, and things
are kept which thou knowest not:

48:7. They are created now, and not of old:  and before the day, when
thou heardest them not, lest thou shouldst say:  Behold I knew them.

48:8. Thou hast neither heard, nor known, neither was thy ear opened of
old.  For I know that transgressing thou wilt transgress, and I have
called thee a transgressor from the womb.

48:9. For my name's sake I will remove my wrath far off:  and for my
praise I will bridle thee, lest thou shouldst perish.

48:10. Behold I have refined thee, but not as silver, I have chosen
thee in the furnace of poverty.

48:11. For my own sake, for my own sake will I do it, that I may not be
blasphemed:  and I will not give my glory to another.

48:12. Hearken to me, O Jacob, and thou Israel whom I call:  I am he, I
am the first, and I am the last.

48:13. My hand also hath founded the earth, and my right hand hath
measured the heavens:  I shall call them, and they shall stand together.

48:14. Assemble yourselves together, all you, and hear:  who among them
hath declared these things?  the Lord hath loved him, he will do his
pleasure in Babylon, and his arm shall be on the Chaldeans.

48:15. I, even I have spoken and called him:  I have brought him, and
his way is made prosperous.

48:16. Come ye near unto me, and hear this:  I have not spoken in secret
from the beginning:  from the time before it was done, I was there, and
now the Lord God hath sent me, and his spirit.

48:17. Thus saith the Lord thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel:  I am
the Lord thy God that teach thee profitable things, that govern thee in
the way that thou walkest.

48:18. O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments:  thy peace had
been as a river, and thy justice as the waves of the sea,

48:19. And thy seed had been as the sand, and the offspring of thy
bowels like the gravel thereof:  his name should not have perished, nor
have been destroyed from before my face.

48:20. Come forth out of Babylon, flee ye from the Chaldeans, declare
it with the voice of joy:  make this to be heard, and speak it out even
to the ends of the earth.  Say:  The Lord hath redeemed his servant

48:21. They thirsted not in the desert, when he led them out:  he
brought forth water out of the rock for them, and he clove the rock,
and the waters gushed out.

48:22. There is no peace to the wicked, saith the Lord.

Isaias Chapter 49

Christ shall bring the Gentiles to salvation.  God's love to his church
is perpetual.

49:1. Give ear, ye islands, and hearken, ye people from afar.  The Lord
hath called me from the womb, from the bowels of my mother he hath been
mindful of my name.

49:2. And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword:  in the shadow of
his hand he hath protected me, and hath made me as a chosen arrow:  in
his quiver he hath hidden me.

49:3. And he said to me:  Thou art my servant Israel, for in thee will I

49:4. And I said:  I have laboured in vain, I have spent my strength
without cause and in vain:  therefore my judgment is with the Lord, and
my work with my God.

49:5. And now saith the Lord, that formed me from the womb to be his
servant, that I may bring back Jacob unto him, and Israel will not be
gathered together:  and I am glorified in the eyes of the Lord, and my
God is made my strength.

49:6. And he said:  It is a small thing that thou shouldst be my servant
to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to convert the dregs of Israel.
Behold, I have given thee to be the light of the Gentiles, that thou
mayst be my salvation even to the farthest part of the earth.

49:7. Thus saith the Lord the redeemer of Israel, his Holy One, to the
soul that is despised, to the nation that is abhorred, to the servant
of rulers:  Kings shall see, and princes shall rise up, and adore for
the Lord's sake, because he is faithful, and for the Holy One of
Israel, who hath chosen thee.

49:8. Thus saith the Lord:  In an acceptable time I have heard thee, and
in the day of salvation I have helped thee:  and I have preserved thee,
and given thee to be a covenant of the people, that thou mightest raise
up the earth, and possess the inheritances that were destroyed:

49:9. That thou mightest say to them that are bound:  Come forth:  and to
them that are in darkness:  Shew yourselves.  They shall feed in the
ways, and their pastures shall be in every plain.

49:10. They shall not hunger, nor thirst, neither shall the heat nor
the sun strike them:  for he that is merciful to them, shall be their
shepherd, and at the fountains of waters he shall give them drink.

49:11. And I will make all my mountains a way, and my paths shall be

49:12. Behold these shall come from afar, and behold these from the
north and from the sea, and these from the south country.

49:13. Give praise, O ye heavens, and rejoice, O earth, ye mountains,
give praise with jubilation:  because the Lord hath comforted his
people, and will have mercy on his poor ones.

49:14. And Sion said:  The Lord hath forsaken me, and the Lord hath
forgotten me.

49:15. Can a woman forget her infant, so as not to have pity on the son
of her womb?  and if she should forget, yet will not I forget thee.

49:16. Behold, I have graven thee in my hands:  thy walls are always
before my eyes.

49:17. Thy builders are come:  they that destroy thee and make thee
waste shall go out of thee.

49:18. Lift up thy eyes round about, and see all these are gathered
together, they are come to thee:  I live, saith the Lord, thou shalt be
clothed with all these as with an ornament, and as a bride thou shalt
put them about thee.

49:19. For thy deserts, and thy desolate places, and the land of thy
destruction shall now be too narrow by reason of the inhabitants, and
they that swallowed thee up shall be chased far away.

49:20. The children of thy barrenness shall still say in thy ears:  The
place is too strait for me, make me room to dwell in.

49:21. And thou shalt say in thy heart:  Who hath begotten these?  I was
barren and brought not forth, led away, and captive:  and who hath
brought up these?  I was destitute and alone:  and these, where were

49:22. Thus saith the Lord God:  Behold I will lift up my hand to the
Gentiles, and will set up my standard to the people.  And they shall
bring thy sons in their arms, and carry thy daughters upon their

49:23. And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and queens thy nurses:
they shall worship thee with their face toward the earth, and they
shall lick up the dust of thy feet.  And thou shalt know that I am the
Lord, for they shall not be confounded that wait for him.

49:24. Shall the prey be taken from the strong?  or can that which was
taken by the mighty, be delivered?

49:25. For thus saith the Lord:  Yea verily, even the captivity shall be
taken away from the strong:  and that which was taken by the mighty,
shall be delivered.  But I will judge those that have judged thee, and
thy children I will save.

49:26. And I will feed thy enemies with their own flesh:  and they shall
be made drunk with their own blood, as with new wine:  and all flesh
shall know, that I am the Lord that save thee, and thy Redeemer the
Mighty One of Jacob.

Isaias Chapter 50

The synagogue shall be divorced for her iniquities.  Christ for her sake
will endure ignominious afflictions.

50:1. Thus saith the Lord:  What is this bill of the divorce of your
mother, with which I have put her away?  or who is my creditor, to whom
I sold you:  behold you are sold for your iniquities, and for your
wicked deeds have I put your mother away.

50:2. Because I came, and there was not a man:  I called, and there was
none that would hear.  Is my hand shortened and become little, that I
cannot redeem?  or is there no strength in me to deliver?  Behold at my
rebuke I will make the sea a desert, I will turn the rivers into dry
land:  the fishes shall rot for want of water, and shall die for thirst.

50:3. I will clothe the heavens with darkness, and will make sackcloth
their covering.

50:4. The Lord hath given me a learned tongue, that I should know how
to uphold by word him that is weary:  he wakeneth in the morning, in the
morning he wakeneth my ear, that I may hear him as a master.

50:5. The Lord God hath opened my ear, and I do not resist:  I have not
gone back.

50:6. I have given my body to the strikers, and my cheeks to them that
plucked them:  I have not turned away my face from them that rebuked me,
and spit upon me.

50:7. The Lord God is my helper, therefore am I not confounded:
therefore have I set my face as a most hard rock, and I know that I
shall not be confounded.

50:8. He is near that justifieth me, who will contend with me?  let us
stand together, who is my adversary?  let him come near to me.

50:9. Behold the Lord God is my helper:  who is he that shall condemn
me?  Lo, they shall all be destroyed as a garment, the moth shall eat
them up.

50:10. Who is there among you that feareth the Lord, that heareth the
voice of his servant, that hath walked in darkness, and hath no light?
let him hope in the name of the Lord, and lean upon his God.

50:11. Behold all you that kindle a fire, encompassed with flames, walk
in the light of your fire, and in the flames which you have kindled:
this is done to you by my hand, you shall sleep in sorrows.

Isaias Chapter 51

An exhortation to trust in Christ.  He shall protect the children of his

51:1. Give ear to me, you that follow that which is just, and you that
seek the Lord:  look unto the rock whence you are hewn, and to the hole
of the pit from which you are dug out.

51:2. Look unto Abraham your father, and to Sara that bore you:  for I
called him alone, and blessed him, and multiplied him.

51:3. The Lord therefore will comfort Sion, and will comfort all the
ruins thereof:  and he will make her desert as a place of pleasure, and
her wilderness as the garden of the Lord.  Joy and gladness shall be
found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of praise.

51:4. Hearken unto me, O my people, and give ear to me, O my tribes:
for a law shall go forth from me, and my judgment shall rest to be a
light of the nations.

51:5. My just one is near at hand, my saviour is gone forth, and my
arms shall judge the people:  the islands shall look for me, and shall
patiently wait for my arm.

51:6. Lift up your eyes to heaven, and look down to the earth beneath:
for the heavens shall vanish like smoke, and the earth shall be worn
away like a garment, and the inhabitants thereof shall perish in like
manner:  but my salvation shall be for ever, and my justice shall not

51:7. Hearken to me, you that know what is just, my people who have my
law in your heart:  fear ye not the reproach of men, and be not afraid
of their blasphemies.

51:8. For the worm shall eat them up as a garment:  and the moth shall
consume them as wool:  but my salvation shall be for ever, and my
justice from generation to generation.

51:9. Arise, arise, put on strength, O thou arm of the Lord, arise as
in the days of old, in the ancient generations.  Hast not thou struck
the proud one, and wounded the dragon?

51:10. Hast not thou dried up the sea, the water of the mighty deep,
who madest the depth of the sea a way, that the delivered might pass

51:11. And now they that are redeemed by the Lord, shall return, and
shall come into Sion singing praises, and joy everlasting shall be upon
their heads, they shall obtain joy and gladness, sorrow and mourning
shall flee away.

51:12. I myself will comfort you:  who art thou, that thou shouldst be
afraid of a mortal man, and of the son of man, who shall wither away
like grass?

51:13. And thou hast forgotten the Lord thy maker, who stretched out
the heavens, and founded the earth:  and thou hast been afraid
continually all the day at the presence of his fury who afflicted thee,
and had prepared himself to destroy thee:  where is now the fury of the

51:14. He shall quickly come that is going to open unto you, and he
shall not kill unto utter destruction, neither shall his bread fail.

51:15. But I am the Lord thy God, who trouble the sea, and the waves
thereof swell:  the Lord of hosts is my name.

51:16. I have put my words in thy mouth, and have protected thee in the
shadow of my hand, that thou mightest plant the heavens, and found the
earth:  and mightest say to Sion:  Thou art my people.

51:17. Arise, arise, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the
hand of the Lord the cup of his wrath; thou hast drunk even to the
bottom of the cup of dead sleep, and thou hast drunk even to the dregs.

51:18. There is none that can uphold her among all the children that
she hath brought forth:  and there is none that taketh her by the hand
among all the children that she hath brought up.

51:19. There are two things that have happened to thee:  who shall be
sorry for thee?  desolation, and destruction, and the famine, and the
sword, who shall comfort thee?

51:20. Thy children are cast forth, they have slept at the head of all
the ways, and the wild ox that is snared:  full of the indignation of
the Lord, of the rebuke of thy God.

51:21. Therefore hear this, thou poor little one, and thou that art
drunk but not with wine.

51:22. Thus saith thy Sovereign the Lord, and thy God, who will fight
for his people:  Behold I have taken out of thy hand the cup of dead
sleep, the dregs of the cup of my indignation, thou shalt not drink it
again any more.

51:23. And I will put it in the hand of them that have oppressed thee,
and have said to thy soul:  Bow down, that we may go over:  and thou hast
laid thy body as the ground, and as a way to them that went over.

Isaias Chapter 52

Under the figure of the deliverance from the Babylonish captivity, the
church is invited to rejoice for her redemption from sin.  Christ's
kingdom shall be exalted.

52:1. Arise, arise, put on thy strength, O Sion, put on the garments of
thy glory, O Jerusalem, the city of the Holy One:  for henceforth the
uncircumcised, and unclean shall no more pass through thee.

52:2. Shake thyself from the dust, arise, sit up, O Jerusalem:  loose
the bonds from off thy neck, O captive daughter of Sion.

52:3. For thus saith the Lord:  You were sold gratis, and you shall be
redeemed, without money.

52:4. For thus saith the Lord God:  My people went down into Egypt at
the beginning to sojourn there:  and the Assyrian hath oppressed them
without any cause at all.

52:5. And now what have I here, saith the Lord:  for my people is taken
away gratis.  They that rule over them treat them unjustly, saith the
Lord, and my name is continually blasphemed all the day long.

52:6. Therefore my people shall know my name in that day:  for I myself
that spoke, behold I am here.

52:7. How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that
bringeth good tidings, and that preacheth peace:  of him that sheweth
forth good, that preacheth salvation, that saith to Sion:  Thy God shall

52:8. The voice of thy watchmen:  they have lifted up their voice, they
shall praise together:  for they shall see eye to eye when the Lord
shall convert Sion.

52:9. Rejoice, and give praise together, O ye deserts of Jerusalem:  for
the Lord hath comforted his people:  he hath redeemed Jerusalem.

52:10. The Lord hath prepared his holy arm in the sight of all the
Gentiles:  and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our

52:11. Depart, depart, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing:
go out of the midst of her, be ye clean, you that carry the vessels of
the Lord.

52:12. For you shall not go out in a tumult, neither shall you make
haste by flight:  for the Lord will go before you, and the God of Israel
will gather you together.

52:13. Behold my servant shall understand, he shall be exalted, and
extolled, and shall be exceeding high.

52:14. As many have been astonished at thee, so shall his visage be
inglorious among men, and his form among the sons of men.

52:15. He shall sprinkle many nations, kings shall shut their mouth at
him:  for they to whom it was not told of him, have seen:  and they that
heard not, have beheld.

Isaias Chapter 53

A prophecy of the passion of Christ.

53:1. Who a hath believed our report?  and to whom is the arm of the
Lord revealed?

53:2. And he shall grow up as a tender plant before him, and as a root
out of a thirsty ground:  there is no beauty in him, nor comeliness:  and
we have seen him, and there was no sightliness, that we should be
desirous of him:

53:3. Despised, and the most abject of men, a man of sorrows, and
acquainted with infirmity:  and his look was as it were hidden and
despised, whereupon we esteemed him not.

53:4. Surely he hath borne our infirmities and carried our sorrows:  and
we have thought him as it were a leper, and as one struck by God and

53:5. But he was wounded for our iniquities, he was bruised for our
sins:  the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and by his bruises we
are healed.

53:6. All we like sheep have gone astray, every one hath turned aside
into his own way:  and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

53:7. He was offered because it was his own will, and he opened not his
mouth:  he shall be led as a sheep to the slaughter, and shall be dumb
as a lamb before his shearer, and he shall not open his mouth.

53:8. He was taken away from distress, and from judgment:  who shall
declare his generation?  because he is cut off out of the land of the
living:  for the wickedness of my people have I struck him.

53:9. And he shall give the ungodly for his burial, and the rich for
his death:  because he hath done no iniquity, neither was there deceit
in his mouth.

53:10. And the Lord was pleased to bruise him in infirmity:  if he shall
lay down his life for sin, he shall see a longlived seed, and the will
of the Lord shall be prosperous in his hand.

53:11. Because his soul hath laboured, he shall see and be filled:  by
his knowledge shall this my just servant justify many, and he shall
bear their iniquities.

53:12. Therefore will I distribute to him very many, and he shall
divide the spoils of the strong, because he hath delivered his soul
unto death, and was reputed with the wicked:  and he hath borne the sins
of many, and hath prayed for the transgressors.

Isaias Chapter 54

The Gentiles, who were barren before, shall multiply in the church of
Christ:  from which God's mercy shall never depart.

54:1. Give praise, O thou barren, that bearest not:  sing forth praise,
and make a joyful noise, thou that didst not travail with child:  for
many are the children of the desolate, more than of her that hath a
husband, saith the Lord.

54:2. Enlarge the place of thy tent, and stretch out the skins of thy
tabernacles, spare not:  lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes.

54:3. For thou shalt pass on to the right hand, and to the left:  and
thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and shall inhabit the desolate

54:4. Fear not, for thou shalt not be confounded, nor blush:  for thou
shalt not be put to shame, because thou shalt forget the shame of thy
youth, and shalt remember no more the reproach of thy widowhood.

54:5. For he that made thee shall rule over thee, the Lord of hosts is
his name:  and thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, shall be called the
God of all the earth.

54:6. For the Lord hath called thee as a woman forsaken and mourning in
spirit, and as a wife cast off from her youth, said thy God.

54:7. For a small moment have I forsaken thee, but with great mercies
will I gather thee.

54:8. In a moment of indignation have I hid my face a little while from
thee, but with everlasting kindness have I had mercy on thee, said the
Lord thy Redeemer.

54:9. This thing is to me as in the days of Noe, to whom I swore, that
I would no more bring in the waters of Noe upon the earth:  so have I
sworn not to be angry with thee, and not to rebuke thee.

54:10. For the mountains shall be moved, and the hills shall tremble;
but my mercy shall not depart from thee, and the covenant of my peace
shall not be moved:  said the Lord that hath mercy on thee.

54:11. O poor little one, tossed with tempest, without all comfort,
behold I will lay thy stones in order, and will lay thy foundations
with sapphires,

54:12. And I will make thy bulwarks of jasper:  and thy gates of graven
stones, and all thy borders of desirable stones.

54:13. All thy children shall be taught of the Lord:  and great shall be
the peace of thy children.

54:14. And thou shalt be founded in justice:  depart far from
oppression, for thou shalt not fear; and from terror, for it shall not
come near thee.

54:15. Behold, an inhabitant shall come, who was not with me, he that
was a stranger to thee before, shall be joined to thee.

54:16. Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the
fire, and bringeth forth an instrument for his work, and I have created
the killer to destroy.

54:17. No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper:  and every
tongue that resisteth thee in judgment, thou shalt condemn.  This is the
inheritance of the servants of the Lord, and their justice with me,
saith the Lord.

Isaias Chapter 55

God promises abundance of spiritual graces to the faithful, that shall
believe in Christ out of all nations, and sincerely serve him.

55:1. All you that thirst, come to the waters:  and you that have no
money make haste, buy, and eat:  come ye, buy wine and milk without
money, and without any price.

55:2. Why do you spend money for that which is not bread, and your
labour for that which doth not satisfy you?  Hearken diligently to me,
and eat that which is good, and your soul shall be delighted in

55:3. Incline your ear and come to me:  hear and your soul shall live,
and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, the faithful mercies
of David.

55:4. Behold I have given him for a witness to the people, for a leader
and a master to the Gentiles.

55:5. Behold thou shalt call a nation, which thou knewest not:  and the
nations that knew not thee shall run to thee, because of the Lord thy
God, and for the Holy One of Israel, for he hath glorified thee.

55:6. Seek ye the Lord, while he may be found:  call upon him, while he
is near.

55:7. Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unjust man his thoughts,
and let him return to the Lord, and he will have mercy on him, and to
our God:  for he is bountiful to forgive.

55:8. For my thoughts are not your thoughts:  nor your ways my ways,
saith the Lord.

55:9. For as the heavens are exalted above the earth, so are my ways
exalted above your ways, and my thoughts above your thoughts.

55:10. And as the rain and the snow come down from heaven, and return
no more thither, but soak the earth, and water it, and make it to
spring, and give seed to the sower, and bread to the eater:

55:11. So shall my word be, which shall go forth from my mouth:  it
shall not return to me void, but it shall do whatsoever I please, and
shall prosper in the things for which I sent it.

55:12. For you shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace:  the
mountains and the hills shall sing praise before you, and all the trees
of the country shall clap their hands.

55:13. Instead of the shrub, shall come up the fir tree, and instead of
the nettle, shall come up the myrtle tree:  and the Lord shall be named
for an everlasting sign, that shall not be taken away.

Isaias Chapter 56

God invites all to keep his commandments:  the Gentiles that keep them
shall be the people of God:  the Jewish pastors are reproved.

56:1. Thus saith the Lord:  Keep ye judgment, and do justice:  for my
salvation is near to come, and my justice to be revealed.

56:2. Blessed is the man that doth this, and the son of man that shall
lay hold on this:  that keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, that
keepeth his hands from doing any evil.

56:3. And let not the son of the stranger, that adhereth to the Lord,
speak, saying:  The Lord will divide and separate me from his people.
And let not the eunuch say:  Behold I am a dry tree.

56:4. For thus saith the Lord to the eunuchs, They that shall keep my
sabbaths, and shall choose the things that please me, and shall hold
fast my covenant:

56:5. I will give to them in my house, and within my walls, a place,
and a name better than sons and daughters:  I will give them an
everlasting name which shall never perish.

56:6. And the children of the stranger that adhere to the Lord, to
worship him, and to love his name, to be his servants:  every one that
keepeth the sabbath from profaning it, and that holdeth fast my

56:7. I will bring them into my holy mount, and will make them joyful
in my house of prayer:  their holocausts, and their victims shall please
me upon my altar:  for my house shall be called the house of prayer, for
all nations.

56:8. The Lord God, who gathereth the scattered of Israel, saith:  I
will still gather unto him his congregation.

56:9. All ye beasts of the field come to devour, all ye beasts of the

56:10. His watchmen are all blind, they are all ignorant:  dumb dogs not
able to bark, seeing vain things, sleeping and loving dreams.

56:11. And most impudent dogs, they never had enough:  the shepherds
themselves knew no understanding:  all have turned aside into their own
way, every one after his own gain, from the first even to the last.

56:12. Come, let us take wine, and be filled with drunkenness:  and it
shall be as to day, so also to morrow, and much more.

Isaias Chapter 57

The infidelity of the Jews:  their idolatry.  Promises to humble

57:1. The just perisheth, and no man layeth it to heart, and men of
mercy are taken away, because there is none that understandeth; for the
just man is taken away from before the face of evil.

57:2. Let peace come, let him rest in his bed that hath walked in his

57:3. But draw near hither, you sons of the sorceress, the seed of the
adulterer, and of the harlot.

57:4. Upon whom have you jested?  upon whom have you opened your mouth
wide, and put out your tongue?  are not you wicked children, a false

57:5. Who seek your comfort in idols under every green tree,
sacrificing children in the torrents, under the high rocks?

57:6. In the parts of the torrent is thy portion, this is thy lot:  and
thou hast poured out libations to them, thou hast offered sacrifice.
Shall I not be angry at these things?

57:7. Upon a high and lofty mountain thou hast laid thy bed, and hast
gone up thither to offer victims.

57:8. And behind the door, and behind the post thou hast set up thy
remembrance:  for thou hast discovered thyself near me, and hast
received an adulterer:  thou hast enlarged thy bed, and made a covenant
with them:  thou hast loved their bed with open hand.

57:9. And thou hast adorned thyself for the king with ointment, and
hast multiplied thy perfumes.  Thou hast sent thy messengers far off,
and wast debased even to hell.

57:10. Thou hast been wearied in the multitude of thy ways:  yet thou
saidst not:  I will rest:  thou has found life of thy hand, therefore
thou hast not asked.

57:11. For whom hast thou been solicitous and afraid, that thou hast
lied, and hast not been mindful of me, nor thought on me in thy heart?
for I am silent, and as one that seeth not, and thou hast forgotten me.

57:12. I will declare thy justice, and thy works shall not profit thee.

57:13. When thou shalt cry, let thy companies deliver thee, but the
wind shall carry them all off, a breeze shall take them away, but he
that putteth his trust in me, shall inherit the land, and shall possess
my holy mount.

57:14. And I will say:  Make a way:  give free passage, turn out of the
path, take away the stumblingblocks out of the way of my people.

57:15. For thus saith the High and the Eminent that inhabiteth
eternity:  and his name is Holy, who dwelleth in the high and holy
place, and with a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of
the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite.

57:16. For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be angry unto
the end:  because the spirit shall go forth from my face, and breathings
I will make.

57:17. For the iniquity of his covetousness I was angry, and I struck
him:  I hid my face from thee, and was angry:  and he went away wandering
in his own heart.

57:18. I saw his ways, and I healed him, and brought him back, and
restored comforts to him, and to them that mourn for him.

57:19. I created the fruit of the lips, peace, peace to him that is far
off, and to him that is near, said the Lord, and I healed him.

57:20. But the wicked are like the raging sea, which cannot rest, and
the waves thereof cast up dirt and mire.

57:21. There is no peace to the wicked, saith the Lord God.

Isaias Chapter 58

God rejects the hypocritical fasts of the Jews:  recommends works of
mercy, and sincere godliness.

58:1. Cry, cease not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my
people their wicked doings, and the house of Jacob their sins.

58:2. For they seek me from day to day, and desire to know my ways, as
a nation that hath done justice, and hath not forsaken the judgment of
their God:  they ask of me the judgments of justice:  they are willing to
approach to God.

58:3. Why have we fasted, and thou hast not regarded:  have we humbled
our souls, and thou hast not taken notice?  Behold in the day of your
fast your own will is found, and you exact of all your debtors.

58:4. Behold you fast for debates and strife, and strike with the fist
wickedly.  Do not fast as you have done until this day, to make your cry
to be heard on high.

58:5. Is this such a fast as I have chosen:  for a man to afflict his
soul for a day?  is this it, to wind his head about like a circle, and
to spread sackcloth and ashes?  wilt thou call this a fast, and a day
acceptable to the Lord?

58:6. Is not this rather the fast that I have chosen?  loose the bands
of wickedness, undo the bundles that oppress, let them that are broken
go free, and break asunder every burden.

58:7. Deal thy bread to the hungry, and bring the needy and the
harbourless into thy house:  when thou shalt see one naked, cover him,
and despise not thy own flesh.

58:8. Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thy health
shall speedily arise, and thy justice shall go before thy face, and the
glory of the Lord shall gather thee up.

58:9. Then shalt thou call, and the Lord shall hear:  thou shalt cry,
and he shall say, Here I am.  If thou wilt take away the chain out of
the midst of thee, and cease to stretch out the finger, and to speak
that which profiteth not.

58:10. When thou shalt pour out thy soul to the hungry, and shalt
satisfy the afflicted soul, then shall thy light rise up in darkness,
and thy darkness shall be as the noonday.

58:11. And the Lord will give thee rest continually, and will fill thy
soul with brightness, and deliver thy bones, and thou shalt be like a
watered garden, and like a fountain of water whose waters shall not

58:12. And the places that have been desolate for ages shall be built
in thee:  thou shalt raise up the foundation of generation and
generation:  and thou shalt be called the repairer of the fences,
turning the paths into rest.

58:13. If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy own
will in my holy day, and call the sabbath delightful, and the holy of
the Lord glorious, and glorify him, while thou dost not thy own ways,
and thy own will is not found, to speak a word:

58:14. Then shalt thou be delighted in the Lord, and I will lift thee
up above the high places of the earth, and will feed thee with the
inheritance of Jacob thy father.  For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken

Isaias Chapter 59

The dreadful evil of sin is displayed, as the great obstacle to all
good from God:  yet he will send a Redeemer, and make an everlasting
covenant with his church.

59:1. Behold the hand of the Lord is not shortened that it cannot save,
neither is his ear heavy that it cannot hear.

59:2. But your iniquities have divided between you and your God, and
your sins have hid his face from you that he should not hear.

59:3. For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with
iniquity:  your lips have spoken lies, and your tongue uttereth

59:4. There is none that calleth upon justice, neither is there any one
that judgeth truly:  but they trust in a mere nothing, and speak
vanities:  they have conceived labour, and brought forth iniquity.

59:5. They have broken the eggs of asps, and have woven the webs of
spiders:  he that shall eat of their eggs, shall die:  and that which is
brought out, shall be hatched into a basilisk.

59:6. Their webs shall not be for clothing, neither shall they cover
themselves with their works:  their works are unprofitable works, and
the work of iniquity is in their hands.

59:7. Their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed innocent blood:
their thoughts are unprofitable thoughts:  wasting and destruction are
in their ways.

59:8. They have not known the way of peace, and there is no judgment in
their steps:  their paths are become crooked to them, every one that
treadeth in them knoweth no peace.

59:9. Therefore is judgment far from us, and justice shall not overtake
us.  We looked for light, and behold darkness:  brightness, and we have
walked in the dark.

59:10. We have groped for the wall, and like the blind we have groped
as if we had no eyes:  we have stumbled at noonday as in darkness, we
are in dark places, as dead men.

59:11. We shall roar all of us like bears, and shall lament as mournful
doves.  We have looked for judgment, and there is none:  for salvation,
and it is far from us.

59:12. For our iniquities are multiplied before thee, and our sins have
testified against us:  for our wicked doings are with us, and have known
our iniquities:

59:13. In sinning and lying against the Lord:  and we have turned away
so that we went not after our God, but spoke calumny and transgression:
we have conceived, and uttered from the heart, words of falsehood.

59:14. And judgment is turned away backward, and justice hath stood far
off:  because truth hath fallen down in the street, and equity could not
come in.

59:15. And truth hath been forgotten:  and he that departed from evil,
lay open to be a prey:  and the Lord saw, and it appeared evil in his
eyes, because there is no judgment.

59:16. And he saw that there is not a man:  and he stood astonished,
because there is none to oppose himself:  and his own arm brought
salvation to him, and his own justice supported him.

59:17. He put on justice as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation
upon his head:  he put on the garments of vengeance, and was clad with
zeal as with a cloak.

59:18. As unto revenge, as it were to repay wrath to his adversaries,
and a reward to his enemies:  he will repay the like to the islands.

59:19. And they from the west, shall fear the name of the Lord:  and
they from the rising of the sun, his glory when he shall come as a
violent stream, which the spirit of the Lord driveth on:

59:20. And there shall come a redeemer to Sion, and to them that return
from iniquity in Jacob, saith the Lord.

59:21. This is my covenant with them, saith the Lord:  My spirit that is
in thee, and my words that I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart
out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the
mouth of thy seed's seed, saith the Lord, from henceforth and for ever.

This is my covenant, etc. . .Note here a clear promise of perpetual
orthodoxy to the church of Christ.

Isaias Chapter 60

The light of true faith shall shine forth in the church of Christ, and
shall be spread through all nations, and continue for all ages.

60:1. Arise, be enlightened, O Jerusalem:  for thy light is come, and
the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee.

60:2. For behold darkness shall cover the earth, and a mist the people:
but the Lord shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon

60:3. And the Gentiles shall walk in thy light, and kings in the
brightness of thy rising.

60:4. Lift up thy eyes round about, and see:  all these are gathered
together, they are come to thee:  thy sons shall come from afar, and thy
daughters shall rise up at thy side.

60:5. Then shalt thou see, and abound, and thy heart shall wonder and
be enlarged, when the multitude of the sea shall be converted to thee,
the strength of the Gentiles shall come to thee.

60:6. The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of
Madian and Epha:  all they from Saba shall come, bringing gold and
frankincense:  and shewing forth praise to the Lord.

60:7. All the flocks of Cedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the
rams of Nabaioth shall minister to thee:  they shall be offered upon my
acceptable altar, and I will glorify the house of my majesty.

60:8. Who are these, that fly as clouds, and as doves to their windows?

60:9. For, the islands wait for me, and the ships of the sea in the
beginning:  that I may bring thy sons from afar:  their silver, and their
gold with them, to the name of the Lord thy God, and to the Holy One of
Israel, because he hath glorified thee.

60:10. And the children of strangers shall build up thy walls, and
their kings shall minister to thee:  for in my wrath have I struck thee,
and in my reconciliation have I had mercy upon thee.

60:11. And thy gates shall be open continually:  they shall not be shut
day nor night, that the strength of the Gentiles may be brought to
thee, and their kings may be brought.

60:12. For the nation and the kingdom that will not serve thee, shall
perish:  and the Gentiles shall be wasted with desolation.

60:13. The glory of Libanus shall come to thee, the fir tree, and the
box tree, and the pine tree together, to beautify the place of my
sanctuary:  and I will glorify the place of my feet.

60:14. And the children of them that afflict thee, shall come bowing
down to thee, and all that slandered thee shall worship the steps of
thy feet, and shall call thee the city of the Lord, the Sion of the
Holy One of Israel.

60:15. Because thou wast forsaken, and hated, and there was none that
passed through thee, I will make thee to be an everlasting glory, a joy
unto generation and generation:

60:16. And thou shalt suck the milk of the Gentiles, and thou shalt be
nursed with the breasts of kings:  and thou shalt know that I am the
Lord thy Saviour, and thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob.

60:17. For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver:
and for wood brass, and for stones iron:  and I will make thy visitation
peace, and thy overseers justice.

60:18. Iniquity shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor
destruction in thy borders, and salvation shall possess thy walls, and
praise thy gates.

60:19. Thou shalt no more have the sun for thy light by day, neither
shall the brightness of the moon enlighten thee:  but the Lord shall be
unto thee for an everlasting light, and thy God for thy glory.

Thou shalt no more, etc. . .In this latter part of the chapter, the
prophet passes from the illustrious promises made to the church
militant on earth, to the glory of the church triumphant in heaven.

60:20. Thy sun shall go down no more, and thy moon shall not decrease:
for the Lord shall be unto thee for an everlasting light, and the days
of thy mourning shall be ended.

60:21. And thy people shall be all just, they shall inherit the land
for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hand to glorify me.

60:22. The least shall become a thousand, and a little one a most
strong nation:  I the Lord will suddenly do this thing in its time.

Isaias Chapter 61

The office of Christ:  the mission of the Apostles; the happiness of
their converts.

61:1. The spirit of the Lord is upon me, because the Lord hath anointed
me:  he hath sent me to preach to the meek, to heal the contrite of
heart, and to preach a release to the captives, and deliverance to them
that are shut up.

61:2. To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, and the day of
vengeance of our God:  to comfort all that mourn:

61:3. To appoint to the mourners of Sion, and to give them a crown for
ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, a garment of praise for the spirit
of grief:  and they shall be called in it the mighty ones of justice,
the planting of the Lord to glorify him.

61:4. And they shall build the places that have been waste from of old,
and shall raise up ancient ruins, and shall repair the desolate cities,
that were destroyed for generation and generation.

61:5. And strangers shall stand and shall feed your flocks:  and the
sons of strangers shall be your husbandman, and the dressers of your

61:6. But you shall be called the priests of the Lord:  to you it shall
be said:  Ye ministers of our God:  you shall eat the riches of the
Gentiles, and you shall pride yourselves in their glory.

61:7. For your double confusion and shame, they shall praise their
part:  therefore shall they receive double in their land, everlasting
joy shall be unto them.

61:8. For I am the Lord that love judgment, and hate robbery in a
holocaust:  and I will make their work in truth, and I will make a
perpetual covenant with them.

61:9. And they shall know their seed among the Gentiles, and their
offspring in the midst of peoples:  all that shall see them, shall know
them, that these are the seed which the Lord hath blessed.

61:10. I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, and my soul shall be joyful
in my God:  for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation:  and
with the robe of justice he hath covered me, as a bridegroom decked
with a crown, and as a bride adorned with her jewels.

61:11. For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden
causeth her seed to shoot forth:  so shall the Lord God make justice to
spring forth, and praise before all the nations.

Isaias Chapter 62

The prophet will not cease from preaching Christ:  to whom all nations
shall be converted:  and whose church shall continue for ever.

62:1. For Sion's sake I will not hold my peace, and for the sake of
Jerusalem, I will not rest till her just one come forth as brightness,
and her saviour be lighted as a lamp.

62:2. And the Gentiles shall see thy just one, and all kings thy
glorious one:  and thou shalt be called by a new name, which the mouth
of the Lord shall name.

62:3. And thou shalt be a crown of glory in the hand of the Lord, and a
royal diadem in the hand of thy God.

62:4. Thou shalt no more be called Forsaken:  and thy land shall no more
be called Desolate:  but thou shalt be called My pleasure in her, and
thy land inhabited.  Because the Lord hath been well pleased with thee:
and thy land shall be inhabited.

62:5. For the young man shall dwell with the virgin, and thy children
shall dwell in thee.  And the bridegroom shall rejoice over the bride,
and thy God shall rejoice over thee.

62:6. Upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, I have appointed watchmen all the
day, and all the night, they shall never hold their peace.  You that are
mindful of the Lord, hold not your peace,

62:7. And give him no silence till he establish, and till he make
Jerusalem a praise in the earth.

62:8. The Lord hath sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his
strength:  Surely I will no more give thy corn to be meat for thy
enemies:  and the sons of the strangers shall not drink thy wine, for
which thou hast laboured.

62:9. For they that gather it, shall eat it, and shall praise the Lord:
and they that bring it together, shall drink it in my holy courts.

62:10. Go through, go through the gates, prepare the way for the
people, make the road plain, pick out the stones, and lift up the
standard to the people.

62:11. Behold the Lord hath made it to be heard in the ends of the
earth, tell the daughter of Sion:  Behold thy Saviour cometh:  behold his
reward is with him, and his work before him.

62:12. And they shall call them, The holy people, the redeemed of the
Lord.  But thou shalt be called:  A city sought after, and not forsaken.

Isaias Chapter 63

Christ's victory over his enemies:  his mercies to his people:  their

63:1. Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bosra,
this beautiful one in his robe, walking in the greatness of his
strength.  I, that speak justice, and am a defender to save.

Edom. . .Edom and Bosra (a strong city of Edom) are here taken in a
mystical sense for the enemies of Christ and his church.

63:2. Why then is thy apparel red, and thy garments like theirs that
tread in the winepress?

63:3. I have trodden the winepress alone, and of the Gentiles there is
not a man with me:  I have trampled on them in my indignation, and have
trodden them down in my wrath, and their blood is sprinkled upon my
garments, and I have stained all my apparel.

63:4. For the day of vengeance is in my heart, the year of my
redemption is come.

63:5. I looked about, and there was none to help:  I sought, and there
was none to give aid:  and my own arm hath saved for me, and my
indignation itself hath helped me.

63:6. And I have trodden down the people in my wrath, and have made
them drunk in my indignation, and have brought down their strength to
the earth.

63:7. I will remember the tender mercies of the Lord, the praise of the
Lord for all the things that the Lord hath bestowed upon us, and for
the multitude of his good things to the house of Israel, which he hath
given them according to his kindness, and according to the multitude of
his mercies.

63:8. And he said:  Surely they are my people, children that will not
deny:  so he became their saviour.

63:9. In all their affliction he was not troubled, and the angel of his
presence saved them:  in his love, and in his mercy he redeemed them,
and he carried them and lifted them up all the days of old.

63:10. But they provoked to wrath, and afflicted the spirit of his Holy
One:  and he was turned to be their enemy, and he fought against them.

63:11. And he remembered the days of old of Moses, and of his people:
Where is he that brought them up out of the sea, with the shepherds of
his flock?  where is he that put in the midst of them the spirit of his
Holy One?

63:12. He that brought out Moses by the right hand, by the arm of his
majesty:  that divided the waters before them, to make himself an
everlasting name.

63:13. He that led them out through the deep, as a horse in the
wilderness that stumbleth not.

63:14. As a beast that goeth down in the field, the spirit of the Lord
was their leader:  so didst thou lead thy people to make thyself a
glorious name.

63:15. Look down from heaven, and behold from thy holy habitation and
the place of thy glory:  where is thy zeal, and thy strength, the
multitude of thy bowels, and of thy mercies?  they have held back
themselves from me.

They have held back, etc. . .This is spoken by the prophet in the person
of the Jews at the time when, for their sins, they were given up to
their enemies.

63:16. For thou art our father, and Abraham hath not known us, and
Israel hath been ignorant of us:  thou, O Lord, art our father, our
redeemer, from everlasting is thy name.

Abraham hath not know us, etc. . .That is, Abraham will not now
acknowledge us for his children, by reason of our degeneracy; but thou,
O Lord, art our true father and our redeemer, and no other can be
called our parent in comparison with thee.

63:17. Why hast thou made us to err, O Lord, from thy ways:  why hast
thou hardened our heart, that we should not fear thee?  return for the
sake of thy servants, the tribes of thy inheritance.

Made us to err, etc.  Hardened our heart, etc. . .The meaning is, that
God in punishment of their great and manifold crimes, and their long
abuse of his mercy and grace, had withdrawn his graces from them, and
so given them up to error and hardness of heart.

63:18. They have possessed thy holy people as nothing:  our enemies have
trodden down thy sanctuary.

63:19. We are become as in the beginning, when thou didst not rule over
us, and when we were not called by thy name.

Isaias Chapter 64

The prophet prays for the release of his people; and for the remission
of their sins.

64:1. O that thou wouldst rend the heavens, and wouldst come down:  the
mountains would melt away at thy presence.

64:2. They would melt as at the burning of fire, the waters would burn
with fire, that thy name might be made known to thy enemies:  that the
nations might tremble at thy presence.

64:3. When thou shalt do wonderful things, we shall not bear them:  thou
didst come down, and at thy presence the mountains melted away.

64:4. From the beginning of the world they have not heard, nor
perceived with the ears:  the eye hath not seen, O God, besides thee,
what things thou hast prepared for them that wait for thee.

64:5. Thou hast met him that rejoiceth, and doth justice:  in thy ways
they shall remember thee:  behold thou art angry, and we have sinned:  in
them we have been always, and we shall be saved.

64:6. And we are all become as one unclean, and all our justices as the
rag of a menstruous woman:  and we have all fallen as a leaf, and our
iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

Our justices, etc. . .That is, the works by which we pretended to make
ourselves just.  This is spoken particularly of the sacrifices,
sacraments, and ceremonies of the Jews, after the death of Christ, and
the promulgation of the new law.

64:7. There is none that calleth upon thy name:  that riseth up, and
taketh hold of thee:  thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast crushed
us in the hand of our iniquity.

64:8. And now, O Lord, thou art our father, and we are clay:  and thou
art our maker, and we all are the works of thy hands.

64:9. Be not very angry, O Lord, and remember no longer our iniquity:
behold, see we are all thy people.

64:10. The city of thy sanctuary is become a desert, Sion is made a
desert, Jerusalem is desolate.

64:11. The house of our holiness, and of our glory, where our fathers
praised thee, is burnt with fire, and all our lovely things are turned
into ruins.

64:12. Wilt thou refrain thyself, O Lord, upon these things, wilt thou
hold thy peace, and afflict us vehemently?

Isaias Chapter 65

The Gentiles shall seek and find Christ, but the Jews will persecute
him, and be rejected, only a remnant shall be reserved.  The church
shall multiply, and abound with graces.

65:1. They have sought me that before asked not for me, they have found
me that sought me not.  I said:  Behold me, behold me, to a nation that
did not call upon my name.

65:2. I have spread forth my hands all the day to an unbelieving
people, who walk in a way that is not good after their own thoughts.

65:3. A people that continually provoke me to anger before my face,
that immolate in gardens, and sacrifice upon bricks.

65:4. That dwell in sepulchres, and sleep in the temple of idols:  that
eat swine's flesh, and profane broth is in their vessels.

65:5. That say:  Depart from me, come not near me, because thou art
unclean:  these shall be smoke in my anger, a fire burning all the day.

65:6. Behold it is written before me:  I will not be silent, but I will
render and repay into their bosom.

65:7. Your iniquities, and the iniquities of your fathers together,
saith the Lord, who have sacrificed upon the mountains, and have
reproached me upon the hills; and I will measure back their first work
in their bosom.

65:8. Thus saith the Lord:  As if a grain be found in a cluster, and it
be said:  Destroy it not, because it is a blessing:  so will I do for the
sake of my servants, that I may not destroy the whole.

65:9. And I will bring forth a seed out of Jacob, and out of Juda a
possessor of my mountains:  and my elect shall inherit it, and my
servants shall dwell there.

65:10. And the plains shall be turned to folds of flocks, and the
valley of Achor into a place for the herds to lie down in, for my
people that have sought me.

65:11. And you, that have forsaken the Lord, that have forgotten my
holy mount, that set a table for fortune, and offer libations upon it,

65:12. I will number you in the sword, and you shall all fall by
slaughter:  because I called and you did not answer:  I spoke, and you
did not hear:  and you did evil in my eyes, and you have chosen the
things that displease me.

65:13. Therefore thus saith the Lord God:  Behold my servants shall eat,
and you shall be hungry:  behold my servants shall drink, and you shall
be thirsty.

65:14. Behold my servants shall rejoice, and you shall be confounded:
behold my servants shall praise for joyfulness of heart, and you shall
cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for grief of spirit.

65:15. And you shall leave your name for an execration to my elect:  and
the Lord God shall slay thee, and call his servants by another name.

65:16. In which he that is blessed upon the earth, shall be blessed in
God, amen:  and he that sweareth in the earth, shall swear by God, amen:
because the former distresses are forgotten, and because they are hid
from my eyes.

65:17. For behold I create new heavens, and a new earth:  and the former
things shall not be in remembrance, and they shall not come upon the

65:18. But you shall be glad and rejoice for ever in these things,
which I create:  for behold I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and the
people thereof joy.

65:19. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people, and the
voice of weeping shall no more be heard in her, nor the voice of

65:20. There shall no more be an infant of days there, nor an old man
that shall not fill up his days:  for the child shall die a hundred
years old, and the sinner being a hundred years old shall be accursed.

65:21. And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall
plant vineyards, and eat the fruits of them.

65:22. They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant,
and another eat:  for as the days of a tree, so shall be the days of my
people, and the works of their hands shall be of long continuance.

65:23. My elect shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth in trouble;
for they are the seed of the blessed of the Lord, and their posterity
with them.

65:24. And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will hear;
as they are yet speaking, I will hear.

65:25. The wolf and the lamb shall feed together; the lion and the ox
shall eat straw; and dust shall be the serpent's food:  they shall not
hurt nor kill in all my holy mountain, saith the Lord.

Isaias Chapter 66

More of the reprobation of the Jews, and of the call of the Gentiles.

66:1. Thus saith the Lord:  Heaven is my throne, and the earth my
footstool:  what is this house that you will build to me?  and what is
this place of my rest?

What is this house, etc. . .This is a prophecy that the temple should be
cast off.

66:2. My hand made all these things, and all these things were made,
saith the Lord.  But to whom shall I have respect, but to him that is
poor and little, and of a contrite spirit, and that trembleth at my

66:3. He that sacrificeth an ox, is as if he slew a man:  he that
killeth a sheep in sacrifice, as if he should brain a dog:  he that
offereth an oblation, as if he should offer swine's blood; he that
remembereth incense, as if he should bless an idol.  All these things
have they chosen in their ways, and their soul is delighted in their

He that sacrificeth an ox, etc. . .This is a prophecy that the
sacrifices which were offered in the old law should be abolished in the
new; and that the offering of them should be a crime.--Ibid.
Remembereth incense. . .Viz., to offer it in the way of a sacrifice.

66:4. Wherefore I also will choose their mockeries, and will bring upon
them the things they feared:  because I called, and there was none that
would answer; I have spoken, and they heard not; and they have done
evil in my eyes, and have chosen the things that displease me.

I will choose their mockeries. . .I will turn their mockeries upon
themselves; and will cause them to be mocked by their enemies.

66:5. Hear the word of the Lord, you that tremble at his word:  Your
brethren that hate you, and cast you out for my name's sake, have said:
Let the Lord be glorified, and we shall see in your joy:  but they shall
be confounded.

66:6. A voice of the people from the city, a voice from the temple, the
voice of the Lord that rendereth recompense to his enemies.

66:7. Before she was in labour, she brought forth; before her time came
to be delivered, she brought forth a man child.

Before she was in labour, etc. . .This relates to the conversion of the
Gentiles, who were born, as it were, all on a sudden to the church of

66:8. Who hath ever heard such a thing?  and who hath seen the like to
this?  shall the earth bring forth in one day?  or shall a nation be
brought forth at once, because Sion hath been in labour, and hath
brought forth her children?

66:9. Shall not I that make others to bring forth children, myself
bring forth, saith the Lord?  shall I, that give generation to others,
be barren, saith the Lord thy God?

66:10. Rejoice with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all you that love
her:  rejoice for joy with her, all you that mourn for her.

66:11. That you may suck, and be filled with the breasts of her
consolations:  that you may milk out, and flow with delights, from the
abundance of her glory.

66:12. For thus saith the Lord:  Behold I will bring upon her as it were
a river of peace, and as an overflowing torrent the glory of the
Gentiles, which you shall suck; you shall be carried at the breasts,
and upon the knees they shall caress you.

66:13. As one whom the mother caresseth, so will I comfort you, and you
shall be comforted in Jerusalem.

66:14. You shall see and your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall
flourish like an herb, and the hand of the Lord shall be known to his
servants, and he shall be angry with his enemies.

66:15. For behold the Lord will come with fire, and his chariots are
like a whirlwind, to render his wrath in indignation, and his rebuke
with flames of fire.

66:16. For the Lord shall judge by fire, and by his sword unto all
flesh, and the slain of the Lord shall be many.

66:17. They that were sanctified, thought themselves clean in the
gardens behind the gate within, they that did eat swine's flesh, and
the abomination, and the mouse:  they shall be consumed together, saith
the Lord.

66:18. But I know their works, and their thoughts:  I come that I may
gather them together with all nations and tongues:  and they shall come
and shall see my glory.

66:19. And I will set a sign among them, and I will send of them that
shall be saved, to the Gentiles into the sea, into Africa, and Lydia
them that draw the bow:  into Italy, and Greece, to the islands afar
off, to them that have not heard of me, and have not seen my glory.  And
they shall declare my glory to the Gentiles:

66:20. And they shall bring all your brethren out of all nations for a
gift to the Lord, upon horses, and in chariots, and in litters, and on
mules, and in coaches, to my holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the Lord,
as if the children of Israel should bring an offering in a clean vessel
into the house of the Lord.

66:21. And I will take of them to be priests, and Levites, saith the

66:22. For as the new heavens, and the new earth, which I will make to
stand before me, saith the Lord:  so shall your seed stand, and your

66:23. And there shall be month after month, and sabbath after sabbath:
and all flesh shall come to adore before my face, saith the Lord.

66:24. And they shall go out, and see the carcasses of the men that
have transgressed against me:  their worm shall not die, and their fire
shall not be quenched:  and they shall be a loathsome sight to all


Jeremias was a priest, a native of Anathoth, a priestly city in the
tribe of Benjamin:  and was sanctified from his mother's womb, to be a
prophet of God; which office he began to execute when he was yet a
child in age.  He was in his whole life, according to the signification
of his name, Great before the Lord; and a special figure of Jesus
Christ, in the persecutions he underwent for discharging his duty; in
his charity for his persecutors; and in the violent death he suffered
at their hands:  it being an ancient tradition of the Hebrews, that he
was stoned to death by the remnant of the Jews who had retired into

Jeremias Chapter 1

The time, and the calling, of Jeremias:  his prophetical visions.  God
encourages him.

1:1. The words of Jeremias the son of Helcias, of the priests that were
in Anathoth, in the land of Benjamin.

1:2. The word of the Lord which came to him in the days of Josias the
son of Amon king of Juda, in the thirteenth year of his reign.

1:3. And which came to him in the days of Joakim the son of Josias king
of Juda, unto the end of the eleventh year of Sedecias the son of
Josias king of Juda, even unto the carrying away of Jerusalem captive,
in the fifth month.

1:4. And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:

1:5. Before I formed thee in the bowels of thy mother, I knew thee:  and
before thou camest forth out of the womb, I sanctified thee, and made
thee a prophet unto the nations.

1:6. And I said:  Ah, ah, ah, Lord God:  behold, I cannot speak, for I am
a child.

1:7. And the Lord said to me:  Say not:  I am a child:  for thou shalt go
to all that I shall send thee:  and whatsoever I shall command thee,
thou shalt speak.

1:8. Be not afraid at their presence:  for I am with thee to deliver
thee, saith the Lord.

1:9. And the Lord put forth his hand, and touched my mouth:  and the
Lord said to me:  Behold I have given my words in thy mouth:

1:10. Lo, I have set thee this day over the nations, and over kingdoms,
to root up, and to pull down, and to waste, and to destroy, and to
build, and to plant.

1:11. And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:  What seest thou,
Jeremias?  And I said:  I see a rod watching.

1:12. And the Lord said to me:  Thou hast seen well:  for I will watch
over my word to perform it.

1:13. And the word of the Lord came to me a second time saying:  What
seest thou?  And I said:  I see a boiling caldron, and the face thereof
from the face of the north.

1:14. And the Lord said to me:  From the north shall an evil break forth
upon all the inhabitants of the land.

1:15. For behold I will call together all the families of the kingdoms
of the north, saith the Lord:  and they shall come, and shall set every
one his throne in the entrance of the gates of Jerusalem, and upon all
the walls thereof round about, and upon all the cities of Juda.

1:16. And I will pronounce my judgments against them, touching all
their wickedness, who have forsaken me, and have sacrificed to strange
gods, and have adored the work of their own hands.

1:17. Thou therefore gird up thy loins, and arise, and speak to them
all that I command thee.  Be not afraid at their presence:  for I will
make thee not to fear their countenance.

1:18. For behold I have made thee this day a fortified city, and a
pillar of iron, and a wall of brass, over all the land, to the kings of
Juda, to the princes thereof, and to the priests, and to the people of
the land.

1:19. And they shall fight against them, and shall not prevail:  for I
am with thee, saith the Lord, to deliver thee.

Jeremias Chapter 2

God expostulates with the Jews for their ingratitude and infidelity.

2:1. And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:

2:2. Go, and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying:  Thus saith the Lord:
I have remembered thee, pitying thy youth, and the love of thy
espousals, when thou followedst me in the desert, in a land that is not

2:3. Israel is holy to the Lord, the firstfruits of his increase:  all
they that devour him offend:  evils shall come upon them, saith the

2:4. Hear ye the word of the Lord, O house of Jacob, and all ye
families of the house of Israel:

2:5. Thus saith the Lord:  What iniquity have your fathers found in me,
that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity, and are
become vain?

2:6. And they have not said:  Where is the Lord, that made us come up
out of the land of Egypt?  that led us through the desert, through a
land uninhabited and unpassable, through a land of drought, and the
image of death, through a land wherein no man walked, nor any man

2:7. And I brought you into the land of Carmel, to eat the fruit
thereof, and the best things thereof:  and when ye entered in, you
defiled my land and made my inheritance an abomination.

Carmel. . .That is, a fruitful, plentiful land.

2:8. The priests did not say:  Where is the Lord?  and they that held the
law knew me not, and the pastors transgressed against me:  and the
prophets prophesied in Baal, and followed idols.

2:9. Therefore will I yet contend in judgment with you, saith the Lord,
and I will plead with your children.

2:10. Pass over to the isles of Cethim, and see:  and send into Cedar,
and consider diligently:  and see if there hath been done any thing like

2:11. If a nation hath changed their gods, and indeed they are not
gods:  but my people have changed their glory into an idol.

2:12. Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and ye gates thereof, be
very desolate, saith the Lord.

2:13. For my people have done two evils.  They have forsaken me, the
fountain of living water, and have digged to themselves cisterns,
broken cisterns, that can hold no water.

2:14. Is Israel a bondman, or a homeborn slave?  why then is he become a

2:15. The lions have roared upon him, and have made a noise, they have
made his land a wilderness:  his cities are burnt down, and there is
none to dwell in them.

2:16. The children also of Memphis, and of Taphnes have defloured thee,
even to the crown of the head.

2:17. Hath not this been done to thee, because thou hast forsaken the
Lord thy God at that time, when he led thee by the way?

2:18. And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the
troubled water?  And what hast thou to do with the way of the Assyrians,
to drink the water of the river?

2:19. Thy own wickedness shall reprove thee, and thy apostasy shall
rebuke thee.  Know thou, and see that it is an evil and a bitter thing
for thee, to have left the Lord thy God, and that my fear is not with
thee, saith the Lord the God of hosts.

2:20. Of old time thou hast broken my yoke, thou hast burst my bands,
and thou saidst:  I will not serve.  For on every high hill, and under
every green tree thou didst prostitute thyself.

2:21. Yet, I planted thee a chosen vineyard, all true seed:  how then
art thou turned unto me into that which is good for nothing, O strange

2:22. Though thou wash thyself with nitre, and multiply to thyself the
herb borith, thou art stained in thy iniquity before me, saith the Lord

Borith. . .An herb used to clean clothes, and take out spots and dirt.

2:23. How canst thou say:  I am not polluted, I have not walked after
Baalim?  see thy ways in the valley, know what thou hast done:  as a
swift runner pursuing his course.

2:24. A wild ass accustomed to the wilderness in the desire of his
heart, snuffed up the wind of his love:  none shall turn her away:  all
that seek her shall not fail:  in her monthly filth they shall find her.

2:25. Keep thy foot from being bare, and thy throat from thirst.  But
thou saidst:  I have lost all hope, I will not do it:  for I have loved
strangers, and I will walk after them.

2:26. As the thief is confounded when he is taken, so is the house of
Israel confounded, they and their kings, their princes and their
priests, and their prophets.

2:27. Saying to a stock:  Thou art my father:  and to a stone:  Thou hast
begotten me:  they have turned their back to me, and not their face:  and
in the time of their affliction they will say:  Arise, and deliver us.

2:28. Where are the gods, whom thou hast made thee?  let them arise and
deliver thee in the time of thy affliction:  for according to the number
of thy cities were thy gods, O Juda.

2:29. Why will you contend with me in judgment?  you have all forsaken
me, saith the Lord.

2:30. In vain have I struck your children, they have not received
correction:  your sword hath devoured your prophets, your generation is
like a ravaging lion.

2:31. See ye the word of the Lord:  Am I become a wilderness to Israel,
or a lateward springing land?  why then have my people said:  We are
revolted, we will come to thee no more?

2:32. Will a virgin forget her ornament, or a bride her stomacher?  but
my people hath forgotten me days without number.

2:33. Why dost thou endeavour to shew thy way good to seek my love,
thou who hast also taught thy malices to be thy ways,

2:34. And in thy skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor and
innocent?  not in ditches have I found them, but in all places, which I
mentioned before.

2:35. And thou hast said:  I am without sin and am innocent:  and
therefore let thy anger be turned away from me.  Behold, I will contend
with thee in judgment, because thou hast said:  I have not sinned.

2:36. How exceeding base art thou become, going the same ways over
again! and thou shalt be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of

2:37. For from thence thou shalt go, and thy hand shall be upon thy
head:  for the Lord hath destroyed thy trust, and thou shalt have
nothing prosperous therein.

Jeremias Chapter 3

God invites the rebel Jews to return to him, with a promise to receive
them:  he foretells the conversion of the Gentiles.

3:1. It is commonly said:  If a man put away his wife, and she go from
him, and marry another man, shall he return to her any more?  shall not
that woman be polluted, and defiled?  but thou hast prostituted thyself
to many lovers:  nevertheless return to me, saith the Lord, and I will
receive thee.

3:2. Lift up thy eyes on high:  and see where thou hast not prostituted
thyself:  thou didst sit in the ways, waiting for them as a robber in
the wilderness:  and thou hast polluted the land with thy fornications,
and with thy wickedness.

3:3. Therefore the showers were withholden, and there was no lateward
rain:  thou hadst a harlot's forehead, thou wouldst not blush.

3:4. Therefore at the least from this time call to me:  Thou art my
father, the guide of my virginity:

3:5. Wilt thou be angry for ever, or wilt thou continue unto the end?
Behold, thou hast spoken, and hast done evil things, and hast been

3:6. And the Lord said to me in the days of king Josias:  Hast thou seen
what rebellious Israel hath done?  she hath gone of herself upon every
high mountain, and under every green tree, and hath played the harlot

3:7. And when she had done all these things, I said:  Return to me, and
she did not return.  And her treacherous sister Juda saw,

3:8. That because the rebellious Israel had played the harlot, I had
put her away, and given her a bill of divorce:  yet her treacherous
sister Juda was not afraid, but went and played the harlot also

3:9. And by the facility of her fornication she defiled the land, and
played the harlot with stones and with stocks.

3:10. And after all this, her treacherous sister Juda hath not returned
to me with her whole heart, but with falsehood, saith the Lord.

3:11. And the Lord said to me:  The rebellious Israel hath justified her
soul, in comparison of the treacherous Juda.

3:12. Go, and proclaim these words towards the north, and thou shalt
say:  Return, O rebellious Israel, saith the Lord, and I will not turn
away my face from you:  for I am holy, saith the Lord, and I will not be
angry for ever.

3:13. But yet acknowledge thy iniquity, that thou hast transgressed
against the Lord thy God:  and thou hast scattered thy ways to strangers
under every green tree, and hast not heard my voice, saith the Lord.

3:14. Return, O ye revolting children, saith the Lord:  for I am your I
husband:  and I will take you, one of a city, and two of a kindred, and
will bring you into Sion.

3:15. And I will give you pastors according to my own heart, and they
shall feed you with knowledge and doctrine.

3:16. And when you shall be multiplied, and increase in the land in
those days, saith the Lord, they shall say no more:  The ark of the
covenant of the Lord:  neither shall it come upon the heart, neither
shall they remember it, neither shall it be visited, neither shall that
be done any more.

3:17. At that time Jerusalem shall be called the throne of the Lord:
and all the nations shall be gathered together to it, in the name of
the Lord to Jerusalem, and they shall not walk after the perversity of
their most wicked heart.

3:18. In those days the house of Juda shall go to the house of Israel,
and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land
which I gave to your fathers.

3:19. But I said:  How shall I put thee among the children, and give
thee a lovely land, the goodly inheritance of the armies of the
Gentiles?  And I said:  Thou shalt call me father and shalt not cease to
walk after me.

3:20. But as a woman that despiseth her lover, so hath the house of
Israel despised me, saith the Lord.

3:21. A voice was heard in the highways, weeping and howling of the
children of Israel:  because they have made their way wicked, they have
forgotten the Lord their God.

3:22. Return, you rebellious children, and I will heal your rebellions.
Behold we come to thee:  for thou art the Lord our God.

3:23. In very deed the hills were liars, and the multitude of the
mountains:  truly in the Lord our God is the salvation of Israel.

3:24. Confusion hath devoured the labour of our fathers from our youth,
their flocks and their herds, their sons and their daughters.

3:25. We shall sleep in our confusion, and our shame shall cover us,
because we have sinned against the Lord our God, we and our fathers
from our youth even to this day, and we have not hearkened to the voice
of the Lord our God.

Jeremias Chapter 4

And admonition to sincere repentance, and circumcision of the heart,
with threats of grievous punishment to those that persist in sin.

4:1. If thou wilt return, O Israel, saith the Lord, return to me:  if
thou wilt take away thy stumblingblocks out of my sight, thou shalt not
be moved.

4:2. And thou shalt swear:  As the Lord liveth, in truth, and in
judgment, and in justice:  and the Gentiles shall bless him, and shall
praise him.

4:3. For thus saith the Lord to the men of Juda and Jerusalem:  Break up
anew your fallow ground, and sow not upon thorns:

4:4. Be circumcised to the Lord, and take away the foreskins of your
hearts, ye men of Juda, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem:  lest my
indignation come forth like fire, and burn, and there be none that can
quench it because of the wickedness of your thoughts.

4:5. Declare ye in Juda, and make it heard in Jerusalem:  speak, and
sound with the trumpet in the land:  cry aloud, and say:  Assemble
yourselves, and let us go into strong cities.

4:6. Set up the standard in Sion.  Strengthen yourselves, stay not:  for
I bring evil from the north, and great destruction.

4:7. The lion is come up out of his den, and the robber of nations hath
roused himself:  he is come forth out of his place, to make thy land
desolate:  thy cities shall be laid waste, remaining without an

4:8. For this gird yourselves with haircloth, lament and howl:  for the
fierce anger of the Lord is not turned away from us.

4:9. And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord:  That the
heart of the king shall perish, and the heart of the princes:  and the
priests shall be astonished, and the prophets shall be amazed.

4:10. And I said:  Alas, alas, alas, O Lord God, hast thou then deceived
this people and Jerusalem, saying:  You shall have peace:  and behold the
sword reacheth even to the soul?

4:11. At that time it shall be said to this people, and to Jerusalem:  A
burning wind is in the ways that are in the desert of the way of the
daughter of my people, not to fan, nor to cleanse.

4:12. A full wind from these places shall come to me:  and now I will
speak my judgments with them.

4:13. Behold he shall come up as a cloud, and his chariots as a
tempest:  his horses are swifter than eagles:  woe unto us, for we are
laid waste.

4:14. Wash thy heart from wickedness, O Jerusalem, that thou mayst be
saved:  how long shall hurtful thoughts abide in thee?

4:15. For a voice of one declaring from Dan, and giving notice of the
idol from mount Ephraim.

4:16. Say ye to the nations:  Behold it is heard in Jerusalem, that
guards are coming from a far country, and give out their voice against
the cities of Juda.

4:17. They are set round about her, as keepers of fields:  because she
hath provoked me to wrath, saith the Lord.

4:18. Thy ways, and thy devices have brought these things upon thee:
this is thy wickedness, because it is bitter, because it hath touched
thy heart.

4:19. My bowels, my bowels are in part, the senses of my heart are
troubled within me, I will not hold my peace, for my soul hath heard
the sound of the trumpet, the cry of battle.

4:20. Destruction upon destruction is called for, and all the earth is
laid waste:  my tents are destroyed on a sudden, and my pavilions in a

4:21. How long shall I see men fleeing away, how long shall I hear the
sound of the trumpet?

4:22. For my foolish people have not known me:  they are foolish and
senseless children:  they are wise to do evil, but to do good they have
no knowledge.

4:23. I beheld the earth, and lo it was void, and nothing:  and the
heavens, and there was no light in them.

4:24. I looked upon the mountains, and behold they trembled:  and all
the hills were troubled.

4:25. I beheld, and lo there was no man:  and all the birds of the air
were gone.

4:26. I looked, and behold Carmel was a wilderness:  and all its cities
were destroyed at the presence of the Lord, and at the presence of the
wrath of his indignation.

4:27. For thus saith the Lord:  All the land shall be desolate, but yet
I will not utterly destroy.

4:28. The Earth shall mourn, and the heavens shall lament from above:
because I have spoken, I have purposed, and I have not repented,
neither am I turned away from it.

4:29. At the voice of the horsemen, and the archers, all the city is
fled away:  they have entered into thickets and climbed up the rocks:
all the cities are forsaken, and there dwelleth not a man in them.

4:30. But when thou art spoiled what wilt thou do?  though thou clothest
thyself with scarlet, though thou deckest thee with ornaments of gold,
and paintest thy eyes with stibic stone, thou shalt dress thyself out
in vain:  thy lovers have despised thee, they will seek thy life.

4:31. For I have heard the voice as of a woman in travail, anguishes as
of a woman in labour of a child.  The voice of the daughter of Sion,
dying away, spreading her hands:  Woe is me, for my soul hath fainted
because of them that are slain.

Jeremias Chapter 5

The judgments of God shall fall upon the Jews for their manifold sins.

5:1. Go about through the streets of Jerusalem, and see, and consider,
and seek in the broad places thereof, if you can find a man that
executeth judgment, and seeketh faith:  and I will be merciful unto it.

5:2. And though they say:  The Lord liveth; this also they will swear

5:3. O Lord, thy eyes are upon truth:  thou hast struck them, and they
have not grieved:  thou hast bruised them, and they have refused to
receive correction:  they have made their faces harder than the rock,
and they have refused to return.

5:4. But I said:  Perhaps these are poor and foolish, that know not the
way of the Lord, the judgment of their God.

5:5. I will go therefore to the great men, and will speak to them:  for
they have known the way of the Lord, the judgment of their God:  and
behold these have altogether broken the yoke more, and have burst the

5:6. Wherefore a lion out of the wood hath slain them, a wolf in the
evening hath spoiled them, a leopard watcheth for their cities:  every
one that shall go out thence shall be taken, because their
transgressions are multiplied, their rebellions are strengthened.

5:7. How can I be merciful to thee?  thy children have forsaken me, and
swear by them that are not gods:  I fed them to the full, and they
committed adultery, and rioted in the harlot's house.

5:8. They are become as amorous horses and stallions:  every one neighed
after his neighbour's wife.

5:9. Shall I not visit for these things, saith the Lord?  and shall not
my soul take revenge on such a nation?

5:10. Scale the walls thereof, and throw them down, but do not utterly
destroy:  take away the branches thereof, because they are not the

5:11. For the house of Israel, and the house of Juda have greatly
transgressed against me, saith the Lord.

5:12. They have denied the Lord, and said, It is not he:  and the evil
shall not come upon us:  we shall not see the sword and famine.

5:13. The prophets have spoken in the wind, and there was no word of
God in them:  these things therefore shall befall them.

5:14. Thus saith the Lord the God of hosts:  because you have spoken
this word, behold I will make my words in thy mouth as fire, and this
people as wood, and it shall devour them.

5:15. Behold I will bring upon you a nation from afar, O house of
Israel, saith the Lord:  a strong nation, an ancient nation, a nation
whose language thou shalt not know, nor understand what they say.

5:16. Their quiver is as an open sepulchre, they are all valiant.

5:17. And they shall eat up thy corn, and thy bread:  they shall devour
thy sons, and thy daughters:  they shall eat up thy flocks, and thy
herds:  they shall eat thy vineyards, and thy figs:  and with the sword
they shall destroy thy strong cities, wherein thou trustest.

5:18. Nevertheless in those days, saith the Lord, I will not bring you
to utter destruction.

5:19. And if you shall say:  Why hath the Lord our God done all these
things to us?  thou shalt say to them:  As you have forsaken me, and
served a strange god in your own land, so shall you serve strangers in
a land that is not your own.

5:20. Declare ye this to the house of Jacob, and publish it in Juda,

5:21. Hear, O foolish people, and without understanding:  who have eyes,
and see not:  and ears, and hear not.

5:22. Will not you then fear me, saith the Lord:  and will you not
repent at my presence?  I have set the sand a bound for the sea, an
everlasting ordinance, which it shall not pass over:  and the waves
thereof shall toss themselves, and shall not prevail:  they shall swell,
and shall not pass over it.

5:23. But the heart of this people is become hard of belief and
provoking, they are revolted and gone away.

5:24. And they have not said in their heart:  Let us fear the Lord our
God, who giveth us the early and the latter rain in due season:  who
preserveth for us the fulness of the yearly harvest.

5:25. Your iniquities have turned these things away, and your sins have
withholden good things from you.

5:26. For among my people are found wicked men, that lie in wait as
fowlers, setting snares and traps to catch men.

5:27. As a net is full of birds, so their houses are full of deceit:
therefore are they become great and enriched.

5:28. They are grown gross and fat:  and have most wickedly transgressed
my words.  They have not judged the cause of the widow, they have not
managed the cause of the fatherless, and they have not judged the
judgment of the poor.

5:29. Shall I not visit for these things, saith the Lord?  or shall not
my soul take revenge on such a nation?

5:30. Astonishing and wonderful things have been done in the land.

5:31. The prophets prophesied falsehood, and the priests clapped their
hands:  and my people loved such things:  what then shall be done in the
end thereof?

Jeremias Chapter 6

The evils that threaten Jerusalem.  She is invited to return, and walk
in the good way, and not to rely on sacrifices without obedience.

6:1. Strengthen yourselves, ye sons of Benjamin, in the midst of
Jerusalem, and sound the trumpet in Thecua, and set up the standard
over Bethacarem:  for evil is seen out of the north, and a great

6:2. I have likened the daughter of Sion to a beautiful and delicate

6:3. The shepherds shall come to her with their flocks:  they have
pitched their tents against her round about:  every one shall feed them
that are under his hand.

6:4. Prepare ye war against her:  arise, and let us go up at midday:  woe
unto us, for the day is declined, for the shadows of the evening are
grown longer.

6:5. Arise, and let us go up in the night, and destroy her houses.

6:6. For thus saith the Lord of hosts:  Hew down her trees, cast up a
trench about Jerusalem:  this is the city to be visited, all oppression
is in the midst of her.

6:7. As a cistern maketh its water cold, so hath she made her
wickedness cold:  violence and spoil shall be heard in her, infirmity
and stripes are continually before me.

6:8. Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest my soul depart from thee,
lest I make thee desolate, a land uninhabited.

6:9. Thus saith the Lord of hosts:  They shall gather the remains of
Israel, as in a vine, even to one cluster:  turn back thy hand, as a
grapegatherer into the basket.

6:10. To whom shall I speak?  and to whom shall I testify, that he may
hear?  behold, their ears are uncircumcised, and they cannot hear:
behold the word of the Lord is become unto them a reproach:  and they
will not receive it.

6:11. Therefore am I full of the fury of the Lord, I am weary with
holding in:  pour it out upon the child abroad, and upon the council of
the young men together:  for man and woman shall be taken, the ancient
and he that is full of days.

6:12. And their houses shall be turned over to others, with their lands
and their wives together:  for I will stretch forth my hand upon the
inhabitants of the land, saith the Lord.

6:13. For from the least of them even to the greatest, all are given to
covetousness:  and from the prophet even to the priest, all are guilty
of deceit.

6:14. And they healed the breach of the daughter of my people
disgracefully, saying:  Peace, peace:  and there was no peace.

6:15. They were confounded, because they committed abomination:  yea,
rather they were not confounded with confusion, and they knew not how
to blush:  wherefore they shall fall among them that fall:  in the time
of their visitation they shall fall down, saith the Lord.

6:16. Thus saith the Lord:  Stand ye on the ways, and see, and ask for
the old paths, which is the good way, and walk ye in it:  and you shall
find refreshment for your souls.  And they said:  We will not walk.

6:17. And I appointed watchmen over you, saying:  Hearken ye to the
sound of the trumpet.  And they said:  We will not hearken.

6:18. Therefore hear, ye nations, and know, O congregation, what great
things I will do to them.

6:19. Hear, O earth:  Behold I will bring evils upon this people, the
fruits of their own thoughts:  because they have not heard my words, and
they have cast away my law.

6:20. To what purpose do you bring me frankincense from Saba, and the
sweet smelling cane from a far country?  your holocausts are not
acceptable, nor are your sacrifices pleasing to me.

6:21. Therefore thus saith the Lord:  Behold I will bring destruction
upon this people, by which fathers and sons together shall fall,
neighbour and kinsman shall perish.

6:22. Thus saith the Lord:  Behold a people cometh from the land of the
north, and a great nation shall rise up from the ends of the earth.

6:23. They shall lay hold on arrow and shield:  they are cruel, and will
have no mercy.  Their voice shall roar like the sea:  and they shall
mount upon horses, prepared as men for war, against thee, O daughter of

6:24. We have heard the fame thereof, our hands grow feeble:  anguish
hath taken hold of us, as a woman in labour.

6:25. Go not out into the fields, nor walk in the highway:  for the
sword of the enemy, and fear is on every side.

6:26. Gird thee with sackcloth, O daughter of my people, and sprinkle
thee with ashes:  make thee mourning as for an only son, a bitter
lamentation, because the destroyer shall suddenly come upon us.

6:27. I have set thee for a strong trier among my people:  and thou
shalt know, and prove their way.

6:28. All these princes go out of the way, they walk deceitfully, they
are brass and iron:  they are all corrupted.

6:29. The bellows have failed, the lead is consumed in the fire, the
founder hath melted in vain:  for their wicked deeds are not consumed.

6:30. Call them reprobate silver, for the Lord hath rejected them.

Jeremias Chapter 7

The temple of God shall not protect a sinful people, without a sincere
conversion.  The Lord will not receive the prayers of the prophet for
them:  because they are obstinate in their sins.

7:1. The word that came to Jeremias from the Lord, saying:

7:2. Stand in the gate of the house of the Lord, and proclaim there
this word, and say:  Hear ye the word of the Lord, all ye men of Juda,
that enter in at these gates, to adore the Lord.

7:3. Thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel:  Make your ways and
your doings good:  and I will dwell with you in this place.

7:4. Trust not in lying words, saying:  The temple of the Lord, the
temple of the Lord, it is the temple of the Lord.

7:5. For if you will order well your ways, and your doings:  if you will
execute judgment between a man and his neighbour,

7:6. If you oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow,
and shed not innocent blood in this place, and walk not after strange
gods to your own hurt,

7:7. I will dwell with you in this place:  in the land, which I gave to
your fathers from the beginning and for evermore.

7:8. Behold you put your trust in lying words, which shall not profit

7:9. To steal, to murder, to commit adultery, to swear falsely, to
offer to Baalim, and to go after strange gods, which you know not.

7:10. And you have come, and stood before me in this house, in which my
name is called upon, and have said:  We are delivered, because we have
done all these abominations.

7:11. Is this house then, in which my name hath been called upon, in
your eyes become a den of robbers?  I, I am he:  I have seen it, saith
the Lord.

7:12. Go ye to my place in Silo, where my name dwelt from the
beginning:  and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people

7:13. And now, because you have done all these works, saith the Lord:
and I have spoken to you rising up early, and speaking, and you have
not heard:  and I have called you, and you have not answered:

7:14. I will do to this house, in which my name is called upon, and in
which you trust, and to the place which I have given you and your
fathers, as I did to Silo.

7:15. And I will cast you away from before my face, as I have cast away
all your brethren, the whole seed of Ephraim.

7:16. Therefore do not thou pray for this people, nor take to thee
praise and supplication for them:  and do not withstand me:  for I will
not hear thee.

7:17. Seest thou not what they do in the cities of Juda, and in the
streets of Jerusalem?

7:18. The children gather wood, and the fathers kindle the fire, and
the women knead the dough, to make cakes to the queen of heaven, and to
offer libations to strange gods, and to provoke me to anger.

Queen of heaven. . .That is, the moon, which they worshipped under that

7:19. Do they provoke me to anger, saith the Lord?  is it not
themselves, to the confusion of their own countenance?

7:20. Therefore thus saith the Lord God:  Behold my wrath and my
indignation is enkindled against this place, upon men and upon beasts,
and upon the trees of the field, and upon the fruits of the land, and
it shall burn, and shall not be quenched.

7:21. Thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel:  Add your burnt
offerings to your sacrifices, and eat ye the flesh.

7:22. For I spoke not to your fathers, and I commanded them not, in the
day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning the matter
of burnt offerings and sacrifices.

I commanded them not. . .Viz., such sacrifices as the Jews at this time
offered, without obedience; which was the thing principally commanded:
so that in comparison with it, the offering of the holocausts and
sacrifices was of small account.

7:23. But this thing I commanded them, saying:  Hearken to my voice, and
I will be your God, and you shall be my people:  and walk ye in all the
way that I have commanded you, that it may be well with you.

7:24. But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear:  but walked in
their own will, and in the perversity of their wicked heart:  and went
backward and not forward,

7:25. From the day that their fathers came out of the land of Egypt,
even to this day.  And I have sent to you all my servants the prophets,
from day to day, rising up early and sending.

7:26. And they have not hearkened to me:  nor inclined their ear:  but
have hardened their neck, and have done worse than their fathers.

7:27. And thou shalt speak to them all these words, but they will not
hearken to thee:  and thou shalt call them, but they will not answer

7:28. And thou shalt say to them:  This is a nation which hath not
hearkened to the voice of the Lord their God, nor received instruction:
faith is lost, and is taken away out of their mouth.

7:29. Cut off thy hair, and cast it away:  and take up a lamentation on
high:  for the Lord hath rejected, and forsaken the generation of his

7:30. Because the children of Juda have done evil in my eyes, saith the
Lord.  They have set their abominations in the house in which my name is
called upon, to pollute it;

7:31. And they have built the high places of Topheth, which is in the
valley of the son of Ennom, to burn their sons, and their daughters in
the fire:  which I commanded not, nor thought on in my heart.

7:32. Therefore behold the days shall come, saith the Lord, and it
shall no more be called Topheth, nor the valley of the son of Ennom:
but the valley of slaughter:  and they shall bury in Topheth, because
there is no place.

7:33. And the carcasses of this people shall be meat for the fowls of
the air, and for the beasts of the earth, and there shall be none to
drive them away.

7:34. And I will cause to cease out of the cities of Juda, and out of
the streets of Jerusalem, the voice of joy, and the voice of gladness,
the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride:  for the land
shall be desolate.

Jeremias Chapter 8

Other evils that shall fall upon the Jews for their impenitence.

8:1. At that time, saith the Lord, they shall cast out the bones of the
kings of Juda, and the bones of the princes thereof, and the bones of
the priests, and the bones of the prophets, and the bones of the
inhabitants of Jerusalem, out of their graves.

8:2. And they shall spread them abroad to the sun, and the moon, and
all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have
served, and after whom have walked, and whom they have sought, and
adored:  they shall not be gathered, and they shall not be buried:  they
shall be as dung upon the face of the earth.

8:3. And death shall be chosen rather than life by all that shall
remain of this wicked kindred in all places, which are left, to which I
have cast them out, saith the Lord of hosts.

8:4. And thou shalt say to them:  Thus saith the Lord:  Shall not he that
falleth, rise again?  and he that is turned away, shall he not turn

8:5. Why then is this people in Jerusalem turned away with a stubborn
revolting?  they have laid hold on lying, and have refused to return.

8:6. I attended, and hearkened; no man speaketh what is good, there is
none that doth penance for his sin, saying:  What have I done?  They are
all turned to their own course, as a horse rushing to the battle.

8:7. The kite in the air hath known her time:  the turtle, and the
swallow, and the stork have observed the time of their coming:  but my
people have not known the judgment of the Lord.

8:8. How do you say:  We are wise, and the law of the Lord is with us?
Indeed the lying pens of the scribes hath wrought falsehood.

8:9. The wise men are confounded, they are dismayed, and taken:  for
they have cast away the word of the Lord, and there is no wisdom in

8:10. Therefore will I give their women to strangers, their fields to
others for an inheritance:  because from the least even to the greatest
all follow covetousness:  from the prophet even to the priest all deal

8:11. And they healed the breach of the daughter of my people
disgracefully, saying:  Peace, peace:  when there was no peace.

8:12. They are confounded, because they have committed abomination:  yea
rather they are not confounded with confusion, and they have not known
how to blush:  therefore shall they fall among them that fall; in the
time of their visitation they shall fall, saith the Lord.

8:13. Gathering I will gather them together, saith the Lord, there is
no grape on the vines, and there are no figs on the fig tree, the leaf
is fallen:  and I have given them the things that are passed away.

8:14. Why do we sit still?  assemble yourselves, and let us enter into
the fenced city, and let us be silent there:  for the Lord our God hath
put us to silence, and hath given us water of gall to drink:  for we
have sinned against the Lord.

8:15. We looked for peace and no good came:  for a time of healing, and
behold fear.

8:16. The snorting of his horses was heard from Dan, all the land was
moved at the sound of the neighing of his warriors:  and they came and
devoured the land, and all that was in it:  the city and its

8:17. For behold I will send among you serpents, basilisks, against
which there is no charm:  and they shall bite you, saith the Lord.

8:18. My sorrow is above sorrow, my heart mourneth within me.

8:19. Behold the voice of the daughter of my people from a far country:
Is not the Lord in Sion, or is not her king in her?  why then have they
provoked me to wrath with their idols, and strange vanities?

8:20. The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we are not saved.

8:21. For the affliction of the daughter of my people I am afflicted,
and made sorrowful, astonishment hath taken hold on me.

8:22. Is there no balm in Galaad?  or is there no physician there?  Why
then is not the wound of the daughter of my people closed?

Jeremias Chapter 9

The prophet laments the miseries of his people:  and their sins, which
are the cause of them.  He exhorts them to repentance.

9:1. Who will give water to my head, and a fountain of tears to my
eyes?  and I will weep day and night for the slain of the daughter of my

9:2. Who will give me in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring
men, and I will leave my people, and depart from them?  because they are
all adulterers, an assembly of transgressors.

9:3. And they have bent their tongue, as a bow, for lies, and not for
truth:  they have strengthened themselves upon the earth, for they have
proceeded from evil to evil, and me they have not known, saith the

9:4. Let every man take heed of his neighbour, and let him not trust in
any brother of his:  for every brother will utterly supplant, and every
friend will walk deceitfully.

9:5. And a man shall mock his brother, and they will not speak the
truth:  for they have taught their tongue to speak lies:  they have
laboured to commit iniquity.

9:6. Thy habitation is in the midst of deceit:  through deceit they have
refused to know me, saith the Lord.

9:7. Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts:  Behold I will melt, and
try them:  for what else shall I do before the daughter of my people?

9:8. Their tongue is a piercing arrow, it hath spoken deceit:  with his
mouth one speaketh peace with his friend, and secretly he lieth in wait
for him.

9:9. Shall I not visit them for these things, saith the Lord?  or shall
not my soul be revenged on such a nation?

9:10. For the mountains I will take up weeping and lamentation, and for
the beautiful places of the desert, mourning:  because they are burnt
up, for that there is not a man that passeth through them:  and they
have not heard the voice of the owner:  from the fowl of the air to the
beasts they are gone away and departed.

9:11. And I will make Jerusalem to be heaps of sand, and dens of
dragons:  and I will make the cities of Juda desolate, for want of an

9:12. Who is the wise man, that may understand this, and to whom the
word of the mouth of the Lord may come that he may declare this, why
the land hath perished, and is burnt up like a wilderness, which none
passeth through?

9:13. And the Lord said:  Because they have forsaken my law, which I
gave them, and have not heard my voice, and have not walked in it.

9:14. But they have gone after the perverseness of their own heart, and
after Baalim, which their fathers taught them.

9:15. Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel:  Behold
I will feed this people with wormwood, and give them water of gall to

9:16. And I will scatter them among the nations, which they and their
fathers have not known:  and I will send the sword after them till they
be consumed.

9:17. Thus saith the Lord of hosts the God of Israel:  Consider ye, and
call for the mourning women, and let them come:  and send to them that
are wise women, and let them make haste:

9:18. Let them hasten and take up a lamentation for us:  let our eyes
shed tears, and our eyelids run down with waters.

9:19. For a voice of wailing is heard out of Sion:  How are we wasted
and greatly confounded?  because we have left the land, because our
dwellings are cast down.

9:20. Hear therefore, ye women, the word of the Lord:  and let your ears
receive the word of his mouth:  and teach your daughters wailing:  and
every one her neighbour mourning.

9:21. For death is come up through our windows, it is entered into our
houses to destroy the children from without, the young men from the

9:22. Speak:  Thus saith the Lord:  Even the carcass of man shall fall as
dung upon the face of the country, and as grass behind the back of the
mower, and there is none to gather it.

9:23. Thus saith the Lord:  Let not the wise man glory in his wisdom,
and let not the strong man glory in his strength, and let not the rich
man glory in his riches:

9:24. But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth
and knoweth me, for I am the Lord that exercise mercy, and judgment,
and justice in the earth:  for these things please me, saith the Lord.

9:25. Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, and I will visit upon
every one that hath the foreskin circumcised.

9:26. Upon Egypt, and upon Juda, and upon Edom, and upon the children
of Ammon, and upon Moab, and upon all that have their hair polled
round, that dwell in the desert:  for all the nations are uncircumcised
in the flesh, but all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the

Jeremias Chapter 10

Neither stars nor idols are to be feared, but the great Creator of all
things.  The chastisement of Jerusalem for her sins.

10:1. Hear ye the word which the Lord hath spoken concerning you, O
house of Israel.

10:2. Thus saith the Lord:  Learn not according to the ways of the
Gentiles:  and be not afraid of the signs of heaven, which the heathens

10:3. For the laws of the people are vain:  for the works of the hand of
the workman hath cut a tree out of the forest with an axe.

10:4. He hath decked it with silver and gold:  he hath put it together
with nails and hammers, that it may not fall asunder.

10:5. They are framed after the likeness of a palm tree, and shall not
speak:  they must be carried to be removed, because they cannot go.
Therefore fear them not, for they can neither do evil nor good.

10:6. There is none like to thee, O Lord:  thou art great, and great is
thy name in might.

10:7. Who shall not fear thee, O king of nations?  for thine is the
glory:  among all the wise men of the nations, and in all their kingdoms
there is none like unto thee.

10:8. They shall be all proved together to be senseless and foolish:
the doctrine of their vanity is wood.

10:9. Silver spread into plates is brought from Tharsis, and gold from
Ophaz:  the work of the artificer, and of the hand of the coppersmith:
violet and purple is their clothing:  all these things are the work of

10:10. But the Lord is the true God:  he is the living God, and the
everlasting king:  at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations
shall not be able to abide his threatening.

10:11. Thus then shall you say to them:  The gods that have not made
heaven and earth, let them perish from the earth, and from among those
places that are under heaven.

10:12. He that maketh the earth by his power, that prepareth the world
by his wisdom, and stretcheth out the heavens by his knowledge.

10:13. At his voice he giveth a multitude of waters in the heaven, and
lifteth up the clouds from the ends of the earth:  he maketh lightnings
for rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.

10:14. Every man is become a fool for knowledge, every artist is
confounded in his graven idol:  for what he hath cast is false, and
there is no spirit in them.

10:15. They are vain things, and a ridiculous work:  in the time of
their visitation they shall perish.

10:16. The portion of Jacob is not like these:  for it is he who formed
all things:  and Israel is the rod of his inheritance:  the Lord of hosts
is his name.

10:17. Gather up thy shame out of the land, thou that dwellest in a

10:18. For thus saith he Lord:  Behold I will cast away far off the
inhabitants of the land at this time:  and I will afflict them, so that
they may be found.

10:19. Woe is me for my destruction, my wound is very grievous.  But I
said:  Truly this is my own evil, and I will bear it.

10:20. My tabernacle is laid waste, all my cords are broken:  my
children are gone out from me, and they are not:  there is none to
stretch forth my tent any more, and to set up my curtains.

10:21. Because the pastors have done foolishly, and have not sought the
Lord:  therefore have they not understood, and all their flock is

10:22. Behold the sound of a noise cometh, a great commotion out of the
land of the north:  to make the cities of Juda a desert, and a dwelling
for dragons.

10:23. I know, O Lord, that the way of a man is not his:  neither is it
in a man to walk, and to direct his steps.

The way of a man is not his. . .The meaning is, that notwithstanding
man's free will, yet he can do no good without God's help, nor evil
without his permission.  So that, in the present case, all the evils
which Nabuchodonosor was about to bring upon Jerusalem, could not have
come but by the will of God.

10:24. Correct me, O Lord, but yet with judgment:  and not in thy fury,
lest thou bring me to nothing.

10:25. Pour out thy indignation upon the nations that have not known
thee, and upon the provinces that have not called upon thy name:
because they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him,
and have destroyed his glory.

Jeremias Chapter 11

The prophet proclaims the covenant of God:  and denounces evils to the
obstinate transgressors of it.  The conspiracy of the Jews against him,
a figure of their conspiracy against Christ.

11:1. The word that came from the Lord to Jeremias, saying:

11:2. Hear ye the words of this covenant, and speak to the men of Juda,
and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem,

11:3. And thou shalt say to them:  Thus saith the Lord the God of
Israel:  Cursed is the man that shall not hearken to the words of this

11:4. Which I commanded your fathers in the day that I brought them out
of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying:  Hear ye my voice,
and do all things that I command you:  and you shall be my people, and I
will be your God:

11:5. That I may accomplish the oath which I swore to your fathers, to
give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as it is this day.  And I
answered and said:  Amen, O Lord.

11:6. And the Lord said to me:  Proclaim aloud all these words in the
cities of Juda, and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying:  Hear ye the
words of the covenant, and do them:

11:7. For protesting I conjured your fathers in the day that I brought
them out of the land of Egypt even to this day:  rising early I conjured
them, and said:  Hearken ye to my voice:

11:8. And they obeyed not, nor inclined their ear:  but walked every one
in the perverseness of his own wicked heart:  and I brought upon them
all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do, but they
did them not.

11:9. And the Lord said to me:  A conspiracy is found among the men of
Juda, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

11:10. They are returned to the former iniquities of their fathers, who
refused to hear my words:  so these likewise have gone after strange
gods, to serve them:  the house of Israel, and the house of Juda have
made void my covenant, which I made with their fathers.

11:11. Wherefore thus saith the Lord:  Behold I will bring in evils upon
them, which they shall not be able to escape:  and they shall cry to me,
and I will not hearken to them.

11:12. And the cities of Juda, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem shall
go, and cry to the gods to whom they offer sacrifice, and they shall
not save them in the time of their affliction.

11:13. For according to the number of thy cities were thy gods, O Juda:
and according to the number of the streets of Jerusalem thou hast set
up altars of confusion, altars to offer sacrifice to Baalim.

11:14. Therefore do not thou pray for this people, and do not take up
praise and prayer for them:  for I will not hear them in the time of
their cry to me, in the time of their affliction.

11:15. What is the meaning that my beloved hath wrought much wickedness
in my house?  shall the holy flesh take away from thee thy crimes, in
which thou hast boasted?

11:16. The Lord called thy name, a plentiful olive tree, fair,
fruitful, and beautiful:  at the noise of a word, a great fire was
kindled in it, and the branches thereof are burnt.

11:17. And the Lord of hosts that planted thee, hath pronounced evil
against thee:  for the evils of the house of Israel, and of the house of
Juda, which they have done to themselves, to provoke me, offering
sacrifice to Baalim.

11:18. But thou, O Lord, hast shewn me, and I have known:  then thou
shewedst me their doings.

11:19. And I was as a meek lamb, that is carried to be a victim:  and I
knew not that they had devised counsels against me, saying:  Let us put
wood on his bread, and cut him off from the land of the living, and let
his name be remembered no more.

11:20. But thou, O Lord of Sabaoth, who judgest justly, and triest the
reins and the hearts, let me see thy revenge on them:  for to thee have
I revealed my cause.

Sabaoth. . .That is, of hosts or armies, a name frequently given to God
in the scriptures.--Ibid.  Thy revenge. . .This was rather a prediction
of what was to happen, with an approbation of the divine justice, than an

11:21. Therefore thus saith the Lord to the men of Anathoth, who seek
thy life, and say:  Thou shalt not prophesy in the name of the Lord, and
thou shalt not die in our hands.

11:22. Therefore thus saith the Lord of hosts:  Behold I will visit upon
them:  their young men shall die by the sword, their sons and their
daughters shall die by famine.

11:23. And there shall be no remains of them:  for I will bring in evil
upon the men of Anathoth, the year of their visitation.

Jeremias Chapter 12

The prosperity of the wicked shall be but for a short time.  The
desolation of the Jews for their sins.  Their return from their

12:1. Thou indeed, O Lord, art just, if I plead with thee, but yet I
will speak what is just to thee:  Why doth the way of the wicked
prosper:  why is it well with all them that transgress, and do wickedly?

12:2. Thou hast planted them, and they have taken root:  they prosper
and bring forth fruit:  thou art near in their mouth, and far from their

12:3. And thou, O Lord, hast known me, thou hast seen me, and proved my
heart with thee:  gather them together as for the day of slaughter.

12:4. How long shall the land mourn, and the herb of every field wither
for the wickedness of them that dwell therein?  The beasts and the birds
are consumed:  because they have said:  He shall not see our last end.

12:5. If thou hast been wearied with running with footmen, how canst
thou contend with horses?  and if thou hast been secure in a land of
peace, what wilt thou do in the swelling of the Jordan?

12:6. For even thy brethren, and the house of thy father, even they
have fought against thee, and have cried after thee with full voice:
believe them not when they speak good things to thee.

12:7. I have forsaken my house, I have left my inheritance:  I have
given my dear soul into the hand of her enemies.

12:8. My inheritance is become to me as a lion in the wood:  it hath
cried out against me, therefore have I hated it.

12:9. Is my inheritance to me as a speckled bird?  is it as a bird dyed
throughout?  come ye, assemble yourselves, all ye beasts of the earth,
make haste to devour.

12:10. Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my
portion under foot:  they have changed my delightful portion into a
desolate wilderness.

12:11. They have laid it waste, and it hath mourned for me.  With
desolation is all the land made desolate; because there is none that
considereth in the heart.

12:12. The spoilers are come upon all the ways of the wilderness, for
the sword of the Lord shall devour from one end of the land to the
other end thereof:  there is no peace for all flesh.

12:13. They have sown wheat, and reaped thorns:  they have received an
inheritance, and it shall not profit them:  you shall be ashamed of your
fruits, because of the fierce wrath of the Lord.

12:14. Thus saith the Lord against all wicked neighbours, that touch
the inheritance that I have shared out to my people Israel:  Behold I
will pluck them out of their land, and I will pluck the house of Juda
out of the midst of them.

12:15. And when I shall have plucked them out, I will return, and have
mercy on them:  and will bring them back, every man to his inheritance,
and every man into his land.

12:16. And it shall come to pass, if they will be taught, and will
learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name:  The Lord liveth, as
they have taught my people to swear by Baal:  that they shall be built
up in the midst of my people.

12:17. But if they will not hear, I will utterly pluck out and destroy
that nation, saith the Lord.

Jeremias Chapter 13

Under the figure of a linen girdle is foretold the destruction of the
Jews.  Their obstinacy in sin brings all miseries upon them.

13:1. Thus saith the Lord to me:  Go, and get thee a linen girdle, and
thou shalt put it about thy loins, and shalt not put it into water.

13:2. And I got a girdle according to the word of the Lord, and put it
about my loins.

13:3. And the word of the Lord came to me the second time, saying:

13:4. Take the girdle which thou hast got, which is about thy loins,
and arise, go to the Euphrates, and hide it there in a hole of the

13:5. And I went, and hid it by the Euphrates, as the Lord had
commanded me.

13:6. And it came to pass after many days, that the Lord said to me:
Arise, go to the Euphrates, and take from thence the girdle, which I
commanded thee to hide there.

13:7. And I went to the Euphrates, and digged, and took the girdle out
of the place where I had hid it and behold the girdle was rotten, so
that it was fit for no use.

13:8. And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:

13:9. Thus saith the Lord:  After this manner will I make the pride of
Juda, and the great pride of Jerusalem to rot.

13:10. This wicked people, that will not hear my words, and that walk
in the perverseness of their heart, and have gone after strange gods to
serve them, and to adore them:  and they shall be as this girdle ,which
is fit for no use.

13:11. For as the girdle sticketh close to the loins of a man, so have
I brought close to me all the house of Israel, and all the house of
Juda, saith the Lord:  that they might be my people, and for a name, and
for a praise, and for a glory:  but they would not hear.

13:12. Thou shalt speak therefore to them this word:  Thus saith the
Lord the God of Israel:  Every bottle shall be filled with wine.  And
they shall say to thee:  Do we not know that every bottle shall be
filled with wine?

13:13. And thou shalt say to them:  Thus saith the Lord:  Behold I will
fill all the inhabitants of this land, and the kings of the race of
David that sit upon his throne, and the priests, and the prophets, and
all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, with drunkenness.

13:14. And I will scatter them every man from his brother, and fathers
and sons in like manner, saith the Lord:  I will not spare, and I will
not pardon:  nor will I have mercy, but to destroy them.

13:15. Hear ye, and give ear:  Be not proud, for the Lord hath spoken.

13:16. Give ye glory to the Lord your God, before it be dark, and
before your feet stumble upon the dark mountains:  you shall look for
light, and he will turn it into the shadow of death, and into darkness.

13:17. But if you will not hear this, my soul shall weep in secret for
your pride:  weeping it shall weep, and my eyes shall run down with
tears, because the flock of the Lord is carried away captive.

13:18. Say to the king, and to the queen:  Humble yourselves, sit down:
for the crown of your glory is come down from your head.

13:19. The cities of the south are shut up, and there is none to open
them:  all Juda is carried away captive with an entire captivity.

13:20. Lift up your eyes, and see, you that come from the north:  where
is the flock that is given thee, thy beautiful cattle?

13:21. What wilt thou say when he shall visit thee?  for thou hast
taught them against thee, and instructed them against thy own head:
shall not sorrows lay hold on thee, as a woman in labour?

13:22. And if thou shalt say in thy heart:  Why are these things come
upon me?  For the greatness of thy iniquity, thy nakedness is
discovered, the soles of thy feet are defiled.

13:23. If the Ethiopian can change his skin, or the leopard his spots:
you also may do well, when you have learned evil.

13:24. And I will scatter them as stubble, which is carried away by the
wind in the desert.

13:25. This is thy lot, and the portion of thy measure from me, saith
the Lord, because thou hast forgotten me, and hast trusted in

13:26. Wherefore I have also bared thy thighs against thy face, and thy
shame hath appeared.

13:27. I have seen thy adulteries, and thy neighing, the wickedness of
thy fornication:  and thy abominations, upon the hills in the field.  Woe
to thee, Jerusalem, wilt thou not be made clean after me:  how long yet?

Jeremias Chapter 14

A grievous famine:  and the prophet's prayer on that occasion.  Evils
denounced to false prophets.  The prophet mourns for his people.

14:1. The word of the Lord that came to Jeremias concerning the words
of the drought.

14:2. Judea hath mourned, and the gates thereof are fallen, and are
become obscure on the ground, and the cry of Jerusalem is gone up.

14:3. The great ones sent their inferiors to the water:  they came to
draw, they found no water, they carried back their vessels empty:  they
were confounded and afflicted, and covered their heads.

14:4. For the destruction of the land, because there came no rain upon
the earth, the husbandman were confounded, they covered their heads.

14:5. Yea, the hind also brought forth in the field, and left it,
because there was no grass.

14:6. And the wild asses stood upon the rocks, they snuffed up the wind
like dragons, their eyes failed, because there was no grass.

14:7. If our iniquities have testified against us, O Lord, do thou it
for thy name's sake, for our rebellions are many, we have sinned
against thee.

14:8. O expectation of Israel, the Saviour thereof in time of trouble:
why wilt thou be as a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man
turning in to lodge?

14:9. Why wilt thou be as a wandering man, as a mighty man that cannot
save?  but thou, O Lord, art among us, and thy name is called upon by
us, forsake us not.

14:10. Thus saith the Lord to this people, that have loved to move
their feet, and have not rested, and have not pleased the Lord:  He will
now remember their iniquities, and visit their sins.

14:11. And the Lord said to me:  Pray not for this people for their

14:12. When they fast I will not hear their prayers:  and if they offer
holocausts and victims, I will not receive them:  for I will consume
them by the sword, and by famine, and by the pestilence.

14:13. And I said:  Ah, ah, ah, O Lord God, the prophets say to them:
You shall not see the sword, and there shall be no famine among you,
but he will give you true peace in this place.

14:14. And the Lord said to me:  The prophets prophesy falsely in my
name:  I sent them not, neither have I commanded them, nor have I spoken
to them:  they prophesy unto you a lying vision, and divination and
deceit, and the seduction of their own heart.

14:15. Therefore thus saith the Lord concerning the prophets that
prophesy in my name, whom I did not send, that say:  Sword and famine
shall not be in this land:  By sword and famine shall those prophets be

14:16. And the people to whom they prophesy, shall be cast out in the
streets of Jerusalem because of the famine and the sword, and there
shall be none to bury them:  they and their wives, their sons and their
daughters, and I will pour out their own wickedness upon them.

14:17. And thou shalt speak this word to them:  Let my eyes shed down
tears night and day, and let them not cease, because the virgin
daughter of my people is afflicted with a great affliction, with an
exceeding grievous evil.

14:18. If I go forth into the fields, behold the slain with the sword:
and if I enter into the city, behold them that are consumed with
famine.  The prophet also and the priest are gone into a land which they
knew not.

14:19. Hast thou utterly cast away Juda, or hath thy soul abhorred
Sion?  why then hast thou struck us, so that there is no healing for us?
we have looked for peace, and there is no good:  and for the time of
healing, and behold trouble.

14:20. We acknowledge, O Lord, our wickedness, the iniquities of our
fathers, because we have sinned against thee.

14:21. Give us not to be a reproach, for thy name's sake, and do not
disgrace in us the throne of thy glory:  remember, break not thy
covenant with us.

14:22. Are there any among the graven things of the Gentiles that can
send rain?  or can the heavens give showers?  art not thou the Lord our
God, whom we have looked for?  for thou hast made all these things.

Jeremias Chapter 15

God is determined to punish the Jews for their sins.  The prophet's
complaint, and God's promise to him.

15:1. And the Lord said to me:  If Moses and Samuel shall stand before
me, my soul is not towards this people:  cast them out from my sight,
and let them go forth.

15:2. And if they shall say unto thee:  Whither shall we go forth?  thou
shalt say to them:  Thus saith the Lord:  Such as are for death, to
death:  and such as are for the sword, to the sword:  and such as are for
famine, to famine:  and such as are for captivity, to captivity.

15:3. And I will visit them with four kinds, saith the Lord:  The sword
to kill, and the dogs to tear, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts
of the earth, to devour and to destroy.

15:4. And I will give them up to the rage of all the kingdoms of the
earth:  because of Manasses the son of Ezechias the king of Juda, for
all that he did in Jerusalem.

15:5. For who shall have pity on thee, O Jerusalem?  or who shall bemoan
thee?  or who shall go to pray for thy peace?

15:6. Thou hast forsaken me, saith the Lord, thou art gone backward:
and I will stretch out my hand against thee, and I will destroy thee:  I
am weary of entreating thee.

15:7. And I will scatter them with a fan in the gates of the land:  I
have killed and destroyed my people, and yet they are not returned from
their ways.

15:8. Their widows are multiplied unto me above the sand of the sea:  I
have brought upon them against the mother of the young man a spoiler at
noonday:  I have cast a terror on a sudden upon the cities.

15:9. She that hath borne seven is become weak, her soul hath fainted
away:  her sun is gone down, while it was yet day:  she is confounded,
and ashamed:  and the residue of them I will give up to the sword in the
sight of their enemies, saith the Lord.

15:10. Woe is me, my mother:  why hast thou borne me a man of strife, a
man of contention to all the earth?  I have not lent on usury, neither
hath any man lent to me on usury:  yet all curse me.

15:11. The Lord saith to me:  Assuredly it shall be well with thy
remnant, assuredly I shall help thee in the time of affliction, and in
the time of tribulation against the enemy.

15:12. Shall iron be allied with the iron from the north, and the

Shall iron be allied, etc. . .Shall the iron, that is, the strength of
Juda, stand against the stronger iron of the north, that is, of
Babylon:  or enter into an alliance upon equal footing with it?  No
certainly:  but it must be broken by it.

15:13. Thy riches and thy treasures I will give unto spoil for nothing,
because of all thy sins, even in all thy borders.

15:14. And I will bring thy enemies out of a land, which thou knowest
not:  for a fire is kindled in my rage, it shall burn upon you.

15:15. O Lord, thou knowest, remember me, and visit me, and defend me
from them that persecute me, do not defend me in thy patience:  know
that for thy sake I have suffered reproach.

Do not defend me in thy patience. . .That is, let not thy patience and
longsuffering, which thou usest towards sinners, keep thee from making
haste to my assistance.

15:16. Thy words were found, and I did eat them, and thy word was to me
a joy and gladness of my heart:  for thy name is called upon me, O Lord
God of hosts.

15:17. I sat not in the assembly of jesters, nor did I make a boast of
the presence of thy hand:  I sat alone, because thou hast filled me with

15:18. Why is my sorrow become perpetual, and my wound desperate so as
to refuse to be healed?  it is become to me as the falsehood of
deceitful waters that cannot be trusted.

15:19. Therefore thus saith the Lord:  If thou wilt be converted, I will
convert thee, and thou shalt stand before my face; and thou wilt
separate the precious from the vile, thou shalt be as my mouth:  they
shall be turned to thee, and thou shalt not be turned to them.

15:20. And I will make thee to this people as a strong wall of brass:
and they shall fight against thee, and shall not prevail:  for I am with
thee to save thee, and to deliver thee, saith the Lord.

15:21. And I will deliver thee out of the hand of the wicked, and I
will redeem thee out of the hand of the mighty.

Jeremias Chapter 16

The prophet is forbid to marry.  The Jews shall be utterly ruined for
their idolatry:  but shall at length be released from their captivity,
and the Gentiles shall be converted.

16:1. And the word of the Lord came to me, saying:

16:2. Thou shalt not take thee a wife, neither shalt thou have sons and
daughters in this place.

16:3. For thus saith the Lord concerning the sons and daughters, that
are born in this place, and concerning their mothers that bore them:
and concerning their fathers, of whom they were born in this land:

16:4. They shall die by the death of grievous illnesses:  they shall not
be lamented, and they shall not be buried, they shall be as dung upon
the face of the earth:  and they shall be consumed with the sword, and
with famine:  and their carcasses shall be meat for the fowls of the
air, and for the beasts of the earth.

16:5. For thus saith the Lord:  Enter not into the house of feasting,
neither go thou to mourn, nor to comfort them:  because I have taken
away my peace from this people, saith the Lord, my mercy and

16:6. Both the great and the little shall die in this land:  they shall
not be buried nor lamented, and men shall not cut themselves, nor make
themselves bald for them.

16:7. And they shall not break bread among them to him that mourneth,
to comfort him for the dead:  neither shall they give them for their
father and mother.

16:8. And do not thou go into the house of feasting, to sit with them,
and to eat and drink:

16:9. For thus saith the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel:  Behold I
will take away out of this place in your sight, and in your days the
voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom,
and the voice of the bride.

16:10. And when thou shalt tell this people all these words, and they
shall say to thee:  Wherefore hath the Lord pronounced against us all
this great evil?  what is our iniquity?  and what is our sin, that we
have sinned against the Lord our God?

16:11. Thou shalt say to them:  Because your fathers forsook me, saith
the Lord:  and went after strange gods, and served them, and adored
them:  and they forsook me, and kept not my law.

16:12. And you also have done worse than your fathers:  for behold every
one of you walketh after the perverseness of his evil heart, so as not
to hearken to me.

16:13. So I will cast you forth out of this land, into a land which you
know not, nor your fathers:  and there you shall serve strange gods day
and night, which shall not give you any rest.

16:14. Therefore behold the days come, saith the Lord, when it shall be
said no more:  The Lord liveth, that brought forth the children of
Israel out of the land of Egypt.

16:15. But, The Lord liveth, that brought the children of Israel out of
the land of the north, and out of all the lands to which I cast them
out:  and I will bring them again into their land, which I gave to their

16:16. Behold I will send many fishers, saith the Lord, and they shall
fish them:  and after this I will send them many hunters, and they shall
hunt them from every mountain, and from every hill and out of the holes
of the rocks.

16:17. For my eyes are upon all their ways:  they are not hid from my
face, and their iniquity hath not been hid from my eyes.

16:18. And I will repay first their double iniquities, and their sins:
because they have defiled my land with the carcasses of their idols,
and they have filled my inheritance with their abominations.

16:19. O Lord, my might, and my strength, and my refuge in the day of
tribulation:  to thee the Gentiles shall come from the ends of the
earth, and shall say:  Surely our fathers have possessed lies, a vanity
which hath not profited them.

16:20. Shall a man make gods unto himself and they are no gods?

16:21. Therefore behold I will this once cause them to know, I will
shew them my hand and my power:  and they shall know that my name is the

Jeremias Chapter 17

For their obstinacy in sin the Jews shall be led captive.  He is cursed
that trusteth in flesh.  God alone searcheth the heart, giving to every
one as he deserves.  The prophet prayeth to be delivered from his
enemies, and preacheth up the observance of the sabbath.

17:1. The sin of Juda is written with a pen of iron, with the point of
a diamond, it is graven upon the table of their heart, upon the horns
of their altars.

17:2. When their children shall remember their altars, and their
groves, and their green trees upon the high mountains,

17:3. Sacrificing in the field:  I will give thy strength, and all thy
treasures to the spoil, and thy high places for sin in all thy borders.

17:4. And thou shalt be left stripped of thy inheritance, which I gave
thee:  and I will make thee serve thy enemies in a land which thou
knowest not:  because thou hast kindled a fire in my wrath, it shall
burn for ever.

17:5. Thus saith the Lord:  Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and
maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the Lord.

17:6. For he shall be like tamaric in the desert, and he shall not see
when good shall come:  but he shall dwell in dryness in the desert in a
salt land, and not inhabited.

Tamaric. . .A barren shrub that grows in the driest parts of the

17:7. Blessed be the man that trusteth in the Lord, and the Lord shall