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Title: A Madeira Party
Author: Mitchell, S. Weir (Silas Weir), 1829-1914
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "A Madeira Party" ***

[Illustration: A Madeira Party]

                       [Illustration: Title Page]



                           _S. Weir Mitchell_

                         _M.D., LL.D. (Harv.)_

                      _Author of "Characteristics"
                     "When all the Woods are Green"
                              Etc., Etc._

                               _New York
                            The Century Co.

                            Copyright, 1895,
                           By THE CENTURY CO.

                           THE DEVINNE PRESS.



[Illustration: Bowl]

                           *A MADEIRA PARTY*

Sometime early in the second quarter of the century, in the City of
Penn, and in what was then known as Delaware-Fourth street, soon after
dusk in the evening, occurred the unimportant events of which I shall

The room was paneled in white three feet up from the floor, and above
this a fox-hunt was repeated in lively colors on every square of the
paper which covered the walls.  Great hickory logs, ablaze on the deep
hearth, cast rosy light on a mantelpiece, in the style of the Directory,
pretty with Cupids in relief dragging chariots through a tangle of
roses.  A similar pattern on the ceiling resembled what a visitor to the
Zoölogical Gardens may see to-day in the small yellow house called
"Solitude," where Mr. Penn is said to have been agreeably naughty and by
no means solitary.

Silver candlesticks lighted a table laid for four, and their light fell
on buff and gold Nankin china, glass, and glistening plate. A negro
servant, well on in years, dark as the mahogany he loved to polish, with
fine contrast of very white hair, moved to and fro in the room.  His
task was clearly grateful.  To adjust a fork, snuff a wick, flick the
dust off a carved Cupid, evidently gave him a certain grave pleasure. At
last, retreating a little with head on one side, artist-like, he
considered for a moment the table and the setting. This final survey
appeared to be entirely to his liking, for with a smile of satisfaction
he turned to inspect a row of decanters on the mantel.  One by one he
lifted them gently, saw that the glass was clean, and for a moment
looked through each decanter in turn as he held it before the light of a
candelabrum on the side-table.  The necessity to present a wine
absolutely free from sediment he very well knew. But it is probable that
he also found distinct pleasure in the brilliant garnets and varied
amber tints of the several wines before him; for he possessed, like most
of his race, an appreciative joy in color, and had, too, more or less
artistic pleasure in the perfection of the gleaming table and its
perfect appointments. At last he turned to consider the question of the
temperature of the precious wines in his charge.  Once or twice, when to
his touch a decanter seemed too cool, he lifted it with care, moved it
to the hearth, and after turning it about before the fire set it back on
the mantel. Finally he looked up at the tall Wagstaffe clock in the
corner, compared with it a huge silver watch which he took from his fob,
and throwing open a pair of mahogany doors, stood aside as four
gentlemen entered the room.  Each, as he went by, spoke a kindly word to
the old servant.  I can fancy the party made a quaint and pleasant
picture in the old-fashioned chamber, with their close-fitting nankeen
pantaloons, ample shirt-ruffles, voluminous neckties, and brass-buttoned
blue coats.

"Pray be seated," said Hamilton.  "Sit on my right, Chestnut.  I wish to
see that my good wine is not wasted.  Your first Madeira-drinking will
seem strange to you.  Thirty years away in Europe!  Why, you were but a
boy when you left us! Well, we are glad to have you back again."

"And I as pleased to be at home," said Chestnut.  As he spoke he noted
with the readiness of a close observer of social life the gentlemen
about him as they settled themselves at table with an obvious air of
contentment.  One, a strangely slight and very ruddy old man, after
adjusting his napkin with care over his waistcoat, said, as he looked
up, "Well, well, you have lost a good deal of time."

"That is sadly true," said the stranger guest.  "I have tasted no
Madeira these twenty years."

"Then I fear, my friend, from what Hamilton tells me, that you will
hardly appreciate the charm of one of these little occasions."

"But how could I?  And still, let me assure you, my dear Mr. Wilmington,
that the importance of the opportunity will not be lost on me, nor the
good wine either, sir."

"I trust not," said the elder man.  "To consider with care some new
Madeiras is—well, for that a man should have perfect health and entire
tranquillity of mind.  Sir, the drinking of these great wines is
something more than a social ceremony or the indulgence of an appetite.
It is, sir,—but I see Francis smiling—you may imagine the rest.  I had
an old friend who, when dying, declined to have his wine whey made out
of a famous old Madeira, saying that it was a waste of a good thing on a
palate which was past knowing sherry from port. That was, in my opinion,
a well-bred and judicious use of conscience."

"There was a certain refinement of unselfishness about it," said
Chestnut.  "I was on the point of asking you if, in your opinion, these
finer wines are apt to tempt men into coarser indulgence?  I have heard
it so said."

"I do not think it," returned Wilmington.  "I am well aware, sir, that
there are brutes who may make worse pigs of themselves with Madeira, or
with anything; but as far as my memory serves me, I recall no occasion,
sir, on which I have seen men who truly appreciate this wine, the worse
for it."

"A pretty strong statement," laughed Francis.

"I hope, sir, you do not mean to doubt—"

"Oh, by no means," cried the other, interrupting the irascible old man.
"Not I.  Pardon me—a thousand pardons!"

"Enough, sir!  Thank you," and he bowed formally.  "I was saying, or I
was about to say, when—but, no matter"—  And he turned to their host:

"I hope, Hamilton, you have not arranged for a heavy supper."

"How could you suspect me of that?  A trifle of terrapin, without wine
in the dressing, as a friend gave them to me last week in Baltimore.
Then I shall offer you the breast of a canvasback. That is all.  For an
honest and refined study of Madeiras which are new to the palate, one
should have supped wisely and not too well."

"It seems so odd," said Chestnut, "to come back to terrapin and
canvasbacks.  I was unwise enough to send my French servant yesterday to
buy some terrapin, never dreaming he could have any difficulty with a
written order, as also he speaks English fairly.  He returned with the
statement that the old dealer you commended to me would not serve Mr.
Hamilton’s friend _parce qu’il n’avait pas des comtes._"

"Is that a true tale, Chestnut?" asked Francis, amid the amusement of
the others.

"Yes, it is true.  It was explained to me later that the dealer said the
terrapin were not _counts_.  I believe my man came back with an obscure
idea that terrapin belong to the nobility.  He did fetch me some very
fine ducks, however."

"Talking of ducks, my dear Wilmington," said Francis, "tell Chestnut
what Wharton said of them at dinner here last week."

The gentleman addressed looked up.  His face, on which were many furrows
of laughter, grew slowly merry at the remembrance of the jest he was
called on to repeat.

"Oh, some of us were rather heavily discussing the duck-shooting on the
Chesapeake. Wharton does not shoot, and, getting tired of the talk, said
quietly, ’Did it ever happen to any of you to go out after Russia duck
and get nothing but canvas back?"

"For a moment we were all caught by the verbal likelihood of it; but
when the laugh came it broke up the duck talk, to Wharton’s delight."

"Ah, he said charming things; and now they are mostly forgotten," said
the host.

"Well, well," cried Wilmington, "so are the dinner and the wine of last
year; but one would have been worse off without them.  What was it he
said of Colonel M——?  Oh, yes.  How the merry ghost of a jest haunts
one, and at last recalls the substance!  The colonel had been in the
army, and later settled on a sugar-plantation.  Wharton said of him,
quoting Burns, "’His ’prentice han’ he tried on man, and then he made
the lasses O!"’"

"Delightful!" cried Chestnut.

"Here is the terrapin," said Hamilton; and the supper went on with
luxurious simplicity. Next came the ducks, which the host adroitly
carved.  Then the cloth was removed, the shining candelabra replaced on
the polished mahogany table, and a crust of bread on a plate set by each
guest.  Meantime the talk continued, while Chestnut looked on, much
amused at the gravity which of a sudden fell upon the party.


"No," said Wilmington, declining.  "Nothing cleans the palate like
bread.  For red wines, a peach helps one’s taste.  Your table is
perfect, Hamilton;" and, turning to the servant, "It does you credit,
Uncle John.  How many a fellow must have rolled under it when it was
young!  Ah, your old decanters and those coasters could tell some queer

"A pretty word, ’coaster,’" remarked Chestnut.  "Coasters delivering
wine at the human harbors around the table."

"It is not in the dictionaries," said Francis.

"Odd, that," returned Hamilton. "You may like to know, Chestnut, that at
this table Washington, Lafayette, and Franklin have dined."

"All Madeira men, I doubt not," said Wilmington; "that accounts for a
good deal."

"Perhaps," said the host, smiling.  "Ah, I see you glancing at the
cigars, Chestnut.  But, alas! they are forbidden until the Madeira has
been tasted."

"Cigars!" exclaimed Wilmington. "The mere odor in a room destroys the

"I have never held to this belief," said Francis, addressing Chestnut.
"But it is common among the lovers of wine.  I would like to put
Wilmington on oath as to this strange opinion.  At least he will permit
me to ask him if he believes that smoking affects the taste of all

"There is but one wine," returned Wilmington.

"And his name is Madeira, of course," laughed Francis. "But there are
other juices of the grape which cannot be quite set aside as bastards."

"I might give a little corner of esteem to the highest grades of
Burgundy," said the old gentleman.  "No other, not even the finest
claret, but is underbred compared to this aristocrat."

"I can’t go quite so far as that," said Francis.  "Ah, me! Do you
remember, Hamilton, that gay day at Dijon, long years ago, in the Hôtel
Jura, and the way that old innkeeper fell in love with you, and lavished
on us a varied harem of wines ever better and better, until at last you
admitted, as to a famous Beaune, that it was equal to any Madeira—"

"What—what—I, sir?  No, sir!  My judgment must have been disturbed."

"Oh, it is true."

"Well, maybe; but—it is not so to-day," said Wilmington. "There is but
one wine. I loved it when I was young; no new mistress can disturb my
affections.  I never touch it now without a thought of the friends at
whom I have smiled a health across it in days long past.  For the fool,
a wine is wine and nothing more."

"True, true," said Francis. "For me too, it is a magician. I never lift
to my lips a glass of this noble wine without seeing faces that are
gone, and hearing the voices and the laughter and the jests that are no

"Wine makes poets of us all!" exclaimed Hamilton.  "Once I asked
Wilmington what he saw, for he was staring down into his glass, and he
said he saw memories.  By George! we were all as still as mice for a
moment.  But he is right; there is but one wine, and that, like tobacco,
is an American discovery."

"I can talk tobacco with you all day," said Chestnut.  "Wine is another
matter.  We should have a monument to that unknown Indian brave who
evolved the pipe.  How did he do it?  There is the simplicity of genius
about it.  I can understand the discovery of America, and the invention
of printing; but what human want, what instinct, led up to tobacco?
Imagine intuitive genius capturing this noble idea from the odors of a
prairie fire!  Surely, Lamb’s roast pig was nothing to the discovery of
the gentle joy of a wholesome pipe."

"What a droll fancy!" said Francis.  "I envy that fellow his first
smoke—the first pipe of man."

"My envy," said Chestnut, "is reserved for that medieval priest who by
happy chance invented champagne.  His first night in the convent
wine-cellar with the delicious results of his genius must have been—I
wonder no poet has dwelt on this theme."

"We were talking about Madeira," remarked Wilmington, impatiently.  "You
were about to say, Hamilton,—"

"Only that I am not quite so clear as to our credit for discovering
Madeira," said their host.

"No?  It is all in Smith’s ’Wealth of Nations.’  Great Britain allowed
no trade with France or Spain; but as to what were called non-enumerated
articles we were permitted to trade with the Canary and Madeiras.  We
took staves and salt fish thither, and fetched back wines.  It so
happened that the decisive changes of weather our winter and summer
afford did more to ripen this wine than its native climate.  The English
officers during the French war found our Madeiras so good that they took
the taste to England."

"And yet," said Chestnut, "Madeira is never good in England.  Is it
climate, or that they do not know how to keep it?"

"Both—both," returned Wilmington.  "They bottle all wines, and that is
simply fatal. Madeira was never meant to be retailed.  It improves in
its own society, as greatness is apt to do."

"I myself fancy," said the host, "that despite English usage, even port
is better for the larger liberty of a five-gallon demijohn.  I tried
this once with excellent result.  The wine became pale and delicate like
an old Madeira."

"How all this lost lore comes back to me as I used to hear it at my
father’s table!" said Chestnut.  "I recall the prejudice against wine in

"Prejudice, sir?" retorted Wilmington, testily.  "Your demijohn has one
cork; your five gallons in bottles, a dozen or two of corks, and the
corks give an acrid taste.  Some wise old Quaker found this out, sir.
That is why there is so little good wine in Charleston and Boston.  They
bottle their wine. Incredible as it may seem, sir, they bottle their

"That is sad," returned Chestnut, gravely.

"Keep it in demijohns in moderate darkness under the roof," returned
Francis.  "Then it accumulates virtue like a hermit.  I once had a
challenge from the Madeira Club in Charleston to test our local theory.
They sent me two dozen bottles of their finest Madeira. When we came to
make a trial of them, we were puzzled at finding the corks entire, but
not a drop of wine in any of the bottles.  At last I discovered that
some appreciative colored person had emptied them by the clever device
of driving a nail through the hollow at the base of the bottles.  I
found, on experiment, that it could easily be done.  A letter from my
friends forced me to tell the story. I fancy that ingenious servant may
have suffered for his too refined taste."

"But he had the Madeira," said Wilmington grimly, glancing at the old
servant.  "I have no doubt Uncle John here has a good notion of

The old black grinned responsively, and said, with the familiarity of an
ancient retainer, "It’s de smell ob it, sar.  Ye gets to know ’em by de
smell, sar."

"That is it, no doubt," laughed Francis.  "By and by we shall all have
to be content with the smell.  It is becoming dearer every year."

"I found yesterday," said Hamilton, "an invoice of fifty-eight pipes of
Madeira, of the date of 1760.  The wine is set down as costing one
dollar and four cents a gallon.  I should have thought it might have
been less, but then it is spoken of as very fine."

"My father," returned Wilmington, "used to say that the newer wines in
his day were not much dearer than good old cider.  They drank them by
the mugful."

"I remember," said Francis, "that Graydon speaks of it in his

"Who?  What?" cried Wilmington, who was a little deaf. "Oh!
Graydon—yes, I know the man and the book, of course, but I do not recall
the passage."

"He says: ’Our company’—this was in 1774—’our company was called "The
Silk-Stocking Company."  The place of rendezvous was the house of our
captain,[#] where capacious demijohns of Madeira were constantly set out
in the yard, where we formed for regular refreshment before marching out
to exercise.’  He was most amusing, too, as to why the captain was so
liberal of his wine: but I can’t quite recall it, and I hate to spoil a
quotation.  You would find the book entertaining, Chestnut."

[#] Afterward General John Cadwalader.

"How delightful!" exclaimed Chestnut.  "Capacious demijohns in the yard,
and the descendants of Penn’s Quakers—anti-vinous, anti-pugnacious
Quakers—drilling for the coming war!  By George! one can see it.  One
guesses that it was not out of such fairy glasses as these they drank
the captain’s Madeira."

"I am reminded," cried Hamilton, "that I have a letter of the captain’s
brother, Colonel Lambert Cadwalader, to Jasper Yeates, at Lancaster, in
1776. It is interesting.  Wait a moment; I will get it."  And so saying,
he left the table, and presently returning said, "I will read only the
bit about the wine. It shows how much store they set by their good wine
even in those perilous days."

"Take particular care of the red chest clampt with iron herewith sent,
which contains some bonds and mortgages which I could not take out, the
key being lost; and also that you would be kind enough to let the two
quarter-casks of Madeira, painted green, be deposited in some safe place
under lock and key in your cellar, if possible where you keep your own
liquors in a safe place, as I value them more than silver and gold in
these times of misfortune and distress."

"Then he goes on to tell the news of Washington’s victory at Trenton."

"What a glimpse at the life of those days!" said Chestnut.

During the chat the servant had placed before the host a half-dozen
quart decanters filled with wine of various hues and depths of color.

"And now for the wine!  We have been losing time," exclaimed their host.

As he spoke, the servant set on either side of the fire a brass-bound,
painted bucket in which were a number of decanters—the reserve
reinforcements to be used if the main army gave out. Meanwhile the
desultory chat went on as the servant distributed the glasses.  These
were arranged in rather an odd fashion.  In the center of the table was
set a silver bowl of water.  The notches in the rim received each the
stem of an inverted glass. Before every guest a glass bowl, much like a
modern finger-bowl, held also two wine-glasses. Thus there was to be a
glass for each wine, or at need the means for rinsing a glass.

The talk had been more entertaining to the younger men and their host
than to Wilmington.  He had come for the purpose of tasting wines, and
was somewhat annoyed at the delay.

"Dined with Starling last week," he said.  "Never was more insulted in
my life, sir. Had his after-dinner wine—all of it, sir—in pint

"Not, really?" said Francis, with a seriousness by no means assumed.
"In pints!  You are quite sure you are correct?"

"Fact, sir."

"I—!" exclaimed Chestnut. "Pardon me; but I fail to see the insult."

"What!  You, sir!  Your father’s son!  Gentlemen do not serve wine in
pints after dinner. They don’t do it; and the wine was bad—sick, thick!"

"Ah, I see.  I have been long enough away to have forgotten many things.
As to these wines you all discuss so critically, I have tasted some of
them of late, and they seemed to me much alike."

"Alike, sir!  You surprise me," said Wilmington.  "I pity you. What a
waste of opportunities! But it is not too late to reform—to learn.  I
know one man who made a quite correct palate at the age of forty—not a
gentleman, either; and that ’s rather remarkable."

"And is that so rare?" cried Chestnut, much delighted.

"Oh, very," said Francis.

"I knew the man," returned Hamilton.  "He died somewhat early.  However,
I have noticed that the acquisition of a taste for Madeira in middle
life is quite fatal to common people."

"Is that so?" said Chestnut, greatly enjoying it all.  "Upon my word, I
still have a dim memory of all this stuff about wine, as I used to hear
it when a lad. I thought it had gone with other superstitions.  To be
frank, I have so little trust in the tales I hear every day after
dinner, about wine and wine-tasting, that—"

"Pardon me," interrupted Wilmington.  "Of course you can hear much that
is foolish; but to my mind the real facts are very often interesting."

"Such as—?" asked Chestnut. "Pray tell me."

"Hamilton will indorse this as an illustration.  He was one of eight
gentlemen—of whom three are nowhere—who were asked to give judgment on
certain wines.  Each man wrote his opinion as to the value, age, and
quality of each specimen, and folding over the paper passed it with the
wine.  Finally, Hamilton read aloud each statement. The estimated price,
or value, of a demijohn—that is of five gallons—of each was given; the
age, the character, the defects, and so on.  The prices assigned to the
grape-juices varied much, because most of us cared for them but little.
As to the Madeiras pure and simple, the conclusions as to value, age,
and quality were so very much alike as even to surprise some of us."

"It is, I suppose," said Chestnut, who began to take a more serious
interest, "a matter of habit—acquired habit—and attention."

"No," said Hamilton.  "Far more is it a gift.  Some women have it

"But, after all," said Francis, "why should appreciative delicacy of
palate amaze us more than sharpness of vision or delicacy of touch?"

"Only because a fine taste is, of all forms of sensory acuteness, the
rarest," returned Hamilton. "It is still more uncommon to have a perfect
memory of taste, while odors are so easily remembered.

"I have known certain persons in whom refined delicacy of palate was
accompanied with an almost incredible remembrance of past impressions as
to the taste of things.  Our old friend Mr. C——, as we all know, could
recall a particular coffee or tea he had tasted years ago; could say
what wines had been by accident mixed in the Madeira he drank; and was
able to declare, as a test of his singular skill, in which of two clean
wine-glasses a boiled egg had been placed a day or two before."

"It is interesting," said Chestnut; "but to me, if not incredible, it is
at least made almost so by my own deficiencies."

"Well, now, to reëducate you," said Hamilton, "let us exchange theory
for practice."  So saying, he put on his spectacles, and began to scan
the silver labels on his decanters, and to rearrange the order of the
row of wines, so as to present them somewhat as opinions are given in a
council of war—the least esteemed first. Meanwhile he said: "Wilmington
likes his wine cool.  It is a grave question.  I prefer it a trifle
above the temperature of the room.  It insures a more perfect
presentation both of taste and smell.  A little chill may cloud wine, or
repress its bouquet.  We are all agreed that the wine should be at rest
in a warm room some days, or longer, before it is drunk.  Nothing
mellows a wine like that.  And then one must be careful not to have wine
shaken; that bruises it. But this is commonplace, Chestnut; I am merely
giving you a preliminary education.  I think you will find these
Madeiras in good condition, carefully drawn and bright.  I ought to add
that they are all drawn with the siphon, so as not to disturb the salts
which crystallize on the sides of the demijohn, or the deposit every
wine lets fall, as a good man drops his faults as he goes on in life."

"Just a word before we take our wine," said Francis.  "I saw Chestnut
smile at the idea of a wine being bruised.  I can tell him a story about
that.  We were dining at the Quoit Club, in Germantown, and were at
table when Wilmington, who was in the habit of riding out to the club,
arrived somewhat late.  We came by and by to the Madeiras.  I saw the
general taste a wine, as if in doubt. At last he looked up, and said:
’Wilmington, this wine is bruised; you brought the bottle out in your
coat-tail pocket—the left pocket.’  We were soon convinced as to the
wine having been thus shaken out of health; but his inference as to the
left pocket puzzled us all, until the general asked some one to stand
up, and to put a bottle in his own coat-tail pocket. Then the reason of
my friend’s conclusion became clear enough—however, I delay the wine."

"Well, here it is," said Hamilton, filling his glass.  Then he passed
the decanter to Wilmington, on his left, saying, "With the sun,

"A fair grape-juice," said the latter; "but a trifle too warm."

"And what," said Chestnut, "is a grape-juice?  All wines are merely

"Oh, usually it is the product of the south side of the island,
sometimes of one vineyard, but untreated by the addition of older wines;
sweet, of course; apt to be pale.  When a Madeira-drinker speaks of a
grape-juice, that is what he means.  But a Madeira—what we call simply a
Madeira—is apt to be dry, and usually is the result of careful blending
of wines and some maturing by natural heat."

"But in time," said Chestnut, "your grape-juice becomes a Madeira.
Certainly this is delicious!  How refined, how delicate it is!"

"Ah, you will learn," cried Wilmington.  "But wait a little.  A
grape-juice never becomes what we denominate a Madeira."

"I don’t agree with you," said the host.

"We are in very deep water now," laughed Francis.  "I, myself, think the
finest of the old dry Madeiras were once sugary maidens."

"Nonsense," said Hamilton, passing the next wine.  "With the sun."

"Why with the sun?" said Chestnut, infinitely delighted by these little
social superstitions and the odd phrases.

"Because it sours a wine to send it to the right," said Wilmington,
dryly.  "That is a fact, sir,—a well-known fact."

"Droll, that," returned Chestnut.  "I wonder whence came that notion."

"It is a pretty old one; possibly Roman.  The Greeks passed their drink
to the right. Wine is a strange fluid.  It has its good and its bad

"I am willing to say its moods," added Hamilton.

"I suppose," continued the older man, "that you will be entirely
skeptical if I assure you that for women to go into a wine-room is
pretty surely to injure the wine."

"Indeed, is that so?" returned Chestnut.  "I am not surprised.  In
France women are not allowed to enter the great cheese-caves."

"Wine is very sensitive," said Francis.  "I give you this story for what
it is worth:

"A planter in the South told me that once two blacks were arranging
bottles in his wine-room, and quarreled.  One stabbed the other.  The
fellow died, and his blood ran over the floor; and from that day the
wines in that room were bitter. You know that bitterness is one form of
the sicknesses to which Madeira is liable."

This amazing tale was received with entire tranquillity by all save
Chestnut, whose education was progressing.  Meanwhile another decanter
went round.

"I congratulate you," cried Wilmington, as he set down his glass.  "A
perfect grape-juice—new to me too.  High up, sir; very high up"; and
refilling his glass, he sent on the coaster. "Observe, Chestnut, the
refinement of it; neither the sweet nor the bouquet is too obvious.  It
is like a well-bred lady. Observe what a gamut of delicate flavors; none
are excessive. And then at last there remains in the mouth a sort of
fugitive memory of its delightfulness."

"As one remembers the lady when she is gone," said Francis.

"Thanks," said the old gentleman, bowing.

"Am I wrong," said Chestnut, "in fancying that there is here a faint
flavor of orange-water?"

"Well, well!" said Wilmington. "And this man says he has no palate!
That is the charm of these lovely wines: they are many things to many
lovers—have for each a separate enchantment. I thought it was a
rose-water taste; but no matter, you may be correct.  But Hamilton can
give you a better wine.  No grape-juice can compete with the best
Madeiras. In wine and man the noblest social flavors come with years. It
is pure waste to ask to dinner any man under forty."

"And now fill your glasses," said Hamilton.  "Are you all charged?  Your
health, gentlemen!  I waited for this wine;" and he bent his head to
each in turn.

"That good old formula, ’Are you all charged?’ is going out," said
Chestnut.  "I used to hear it when I came in to dessert at my father’s

"One rarely hears it nowadays," remarked Francis.  "But at the Green
Tree Insurance Company’s dinners it is still in habitual use.  When the
cloth is off, the President says, ’Are you all charged, gentlemen?’ and
then, ’Success to the Mutual Assurance Company.’  You know, Chestnut,
its insurance sign—still to be seen on our older houses—is a green tree.
The Hand in Hand Insurance Company refused to insure houses in front of
which were trees, because in the last century the fire-engines were
unable to throw a stream over or through them.  The Mutual accepted such
risks, and hence has been always known popularly in Philadelphia as the
Green Tree.  After a pause, the Vice-President rises and repeats the
formal query, ’Are you all charged?’  The directors then stand up, and
he says, ’The memory of Washington.’  We have a tradition that the news
of the great general’s death in 1799 came while the Board of Directors
was dining.  From that time until now they have continued to drink that

"I like that," said Chestnut. "These ancient customs seem to survive
better here than elsewhere in America."

"That is true," returned Hamilton.  "And what you say reminds me of some
odd rules in the Philadelphia Library, which Franklin founded in 1731.
We have—at our own cost, of course—a supper of oysters roasted in the
shell at a wood fire in the room where we meet.  A modest bowl of rum
punch completes the fare.  Old Ben was afraid that this repast would
degenerate into a drinking-bout such as was too common in his time.  He
therefore ingeniously arranged a table so high that it was impossible to
sit at it, and this shrewd device seems to have answered."

"When I became a director of the library," said Francis, "my predecessor
had been ill for two years.  As a consequence, he was fined a shilling
for non-attendance at each meeting.  This, with the charges for suppers,
and for the use of the library as a stockholder, had accumulated a debt
of some fifty dollars.  Now, as Franklin found it difficult to collect
such debts from estates, he made it a rule that the new director, while
pleased with the freshness of his novel honor, should pay the bill of
the man he succeeded; and accordingly I paid my predecessor’s debts."

"How like Poor Richard!" said Wilmington.

"I was consoled," added Francis, "by the reflection that I always had
the sad privilege of leaving my successor a similar obligation."

"Agreeable, that," murmured Wilmington.  "But we are trifling, my dear
Francis. What is next, Hamilton?  Ah, a new wine.  That is a wine
indeed!  A Madeira.  Stay!  I have drunk it before.  A Butler wine, is
n’t it?"

"Yes.  I misplaced the decanters; this should have come later."

"I see now," said Chestnut. "What is that curious aftertaste?  Prunes?
Is n’t it prunes?"

"Certainly," cried Hamilton. "You are doing well, Chestnut. These noble
old wines have a variety of dominant flavors, with what I might call a
changeful halo of less decisive qualities. We call the more or less
positive tastes apple, peach, prune, quince; but in fact these are mere
names.  The characterizing taste is too delicate for competent
nomenclature.  It is a thing transitory, evanescent, indefinable, like
the quality of the best manners.  No two are alike."

"Yes," said Hamilton; "and this same wine, in bottles, after a few years
would quite lose character.  Even two demijohns of the same wine kept in
one room constantly differ, like two of a family."

"As you talk of these wines," said Chestnut, "I dimly recall the names
of some I used to hear.  ’Constitution,’ a Boston wine, was one—"

"And a good vintage, too," said Hamilton.  "It was the class wine of

"The class wine?" queried Chestnut.

"Yes.  At Harvard each class used to import a tun of wine, which, after
it was bottled, was distributed among the graduates.  I still have two
of the bottles with ’1802,’ surrounded by ’Constitution,’ molded in the

"A good wine it was," added Francis.  "I know of no other which has been
so little hurt by being bottled."

"There were others I used also to hear about.  One, I think, was called
’Resurrection’—a wine buried for protection in the war; but some of the
names of these wines puzzle me."

"The Butlers," returned Francis, "of course represent in their numbering
the successive annual importations of Major Pierce Butler for his own
use. Some wines were called from the special grape which produced them,
as Bual, Sercial, Vidogna. As to others, it was a quality, as in the
case of the famous apple-wine; or the name of the ship in which the wine
came to us, as the Harriets (pale and dark), the Padre; others again
were wines long held by families, as the Francis, Willing, Butler, and
Burd Madeiras."

"Might I ask how long may a Madeira live, and continuously gain in value
for the palate?"

"Ah, that depends on the wine," said Hamilton.  "I never drank a wine
over seventy years old which had not something to regret—like ourselves,
eh, Wilmington?"

"I have nothing to regret," returned the elder man, smiling, "except
that I cannot live my life over precisely as it was. I have neglected no
opportunity for innocent amusement, nor—" and he paused.

"For some others," added Francis, amid a burst of laughter.

"I fancy," said Chestnut, "that Mr. Wilmington is of the opinion of
Howell.  You will find it in those letters of his which Walpole loved."

"And what was that?"

"It is long since I read it. I am not quite sure I can repeat it
accurately.  He contends in a humorous vein for the moral value of
wine—I think he is speaking of Canary. ’Of this,’ he says, ’may be
verified that merry induction—that good wine makes good blood; good
blood causeth good thoughts; good thoughts bring forth good works; good
works carry a man to heaven: _ergo_, good wine carrieth a man to

"It sounds like one of Shakspere’s fools," said Hamilton.

"I should like to read that book," added Wilmington.

"It is at your service," replied Chestnut; "and what else he says of
wine is worth reading."

"Then let us get nearer to good works," laughed their host.  "Here is a
pleasant preacher.  Try this."

"Ah," said Wilmington; "a new friend!  Curious, that. Observe, Chestnut,
the just perceptible smoke-flavor—a fine, clean-tasting, middle-aged
wine—a gentleman, sir, a gentleman! Will never remind you to-morrow of
the favor he did you last night."

"Needs time," said Francis, "and a careful fining—a little egg-shell and
the white of one egg."

"One might risk it," said Wilmington.  "But I would rather use a milk
fining.  It is more delicate, and the wine recovers sooner, unless the
dose of milk be too large.  But above all, Hamilton, be careful about
the moon.  A summer fining might be better, but touch it lightly."

"What on earth has the moon to do with it?" said Chestnut.

"If you want to spoil a Madeira," answered Wilmington, "fine it at the
change of the moon.  I spoiled my dark Harriet that way.  Always fine a
wine during the decline of the moon."

"I shall call this wine ’Smoke,’" said Hamilton.  "Its name is really
Palido. Certainly it has a great future.  No better wine ever coasted
along the shores of this table, and it has seen many vinous voyages. And
now for a very interesting vintage.  A little more bread, John.  ’With
the sun.’"

Wilmington ate a morsel of bread, rinsed a glass in the bowl before him,
filled it to the brim, and slowly emptied it.  Then he set it down

"That is not Madeira, Hamilton; that is sherry.  Some mistake."

"What!" cried Francis. "Wrong for once!  It is Madeira, and old,—too
old, I should say."

"I thought I should puzzle you.  I have but little of it left, and it is
new to all of you.  Two generations have disputed its parentage."

"I might be mistaken," said Wilmington.  "There are Madeiras so like
some rare sherries as to puzzle any palate."

"I myself," said Hamilton, "have an inherited belief that it is Madeira.
It is difficult to tell, at times, a very old Madeira from a very aged
sherry.  The Burd wine was remarkable because no one could decide this
question.  I have heard an old friend remark that the age of all great
wines brought them together as to taste.  Thus a certain Charles March
grape-juice and Blue Seal Johannisberger were scarcely to be told

"I leave you to settle it," said Chestnut, rising, well aware how long
the talk would last. "The knowledge I have acquired has, of a verity,
gone to my head,—I suppose because, as Miss M—— says, nature abhors a
vacuum.  Thank you for a delightful evening."

"But sit down for five minutes," said Hamilton, who had risen with his
guest.  "There is a beautiful story about this wine. I must tell it,
even if it be familiar to Wilmington as his own best joke."

"Delighted," said Chestnut, resuming his place.

"Well," said Hamilton, "I will not keep you long.  This wine came ashore
on Absecom Beach from a Spanish wreck, about 1770.  Then it was brought
to Trenton, and my great-uncle bought it.  All but a demijohn was buried
in his garden at the old house, not far from Princeton, to keep it out
of British stomachs.  The one demijohn kept for use made the mischief I
shall tell you of.

"Try that grape-juice, Wilmington.  No?  Then let Francis have his
cigar.  My Cuban friend shocks me with the late rise of prices.
Eighteen dollars a thousand makes one hesitate."

"It does, indeed," said Francis.  And soon the room was hazy with
delicate smoke, as Hamilton continued:

"It was during the war, you know.  My great-uncle Edward, who was with
Washington, heard that his wife was ill.  He got leave, managed to cross
the Delaware, and in citizen’s clothes made his way to his own
country-house near Princeton.  There he learned that she was not
seriously ill, and as the country was full of British scouts, he
resolved to go back next day to his duties in Washington’s camp.  The
friend who had aided his adventure and was to set him across the
Delaware again, came in about nine of the evening; and to aid them with
the wisdom which is in wine, the demijohn of this disputed wine was
brought out.  Also a noble bowl of rum punch was brewed, and divers
bottles were allowed their say, so that when Mr. Trent departed, Uncle
Ned retired in some haste lest he should not be able to retire at all.
It is probable that he left the candles to burn, and the hall door to
close itself.  About three in the morning, having snored off his rum and
some wine, and hearing a noise, he put on his boots and a wrapper, and
taking his pistols, went down-stairs.  As he entered the dining-room
there were candles burning, fresh logs on the fire, and facing him sat
an English captain, with his dirty boots on my aunt’s best Chippendale
arm-chair, and in act to swallow a glass of wine.  Uncle Ned stepped
through the open door and covered the unexpected guest with his pistol,
at the same time remarking (and he was really the most imperturbable of
men), ’Perhaps you are not aware that you are making free with my best
Madeira, and really—’

"’Don’t shoot, I beg you, until I finish my glass,’ said the captain,
calmly.  ’Did I understand you to say Madeira? Madeira!  It’s
sherry—unmistakably sherry!  Of course, I don’t dispute the ownership.’

"’Very kind of you,’ remarked Uncle Ned.  ’There seems to have been a
considerable transfer of ownership.’

"’That is so,’ replied the captain.  ’I am like Mary after she ate her
lamb.  "Every where that Mary went that lamb was sure to go."  Permit me
to apologize. The sherry—’

"’I have had the honor to assure you that it is Madeira.’

"’Madeira!  Great George!’

"Now Uncle Ned hated the king, and loved his wife, and greatly honored
his own taste in wine.  Both his prejudices and his affection had been
lightly dealt with, so he said tartly: ’There is only one Great George,
and he is across the Delaware, and the wine is Madeira, and you have
soiled my wife’s chair; and I wait, sir, to learn your errand.’

"’I grieve, sir, to say that you will quite too soon know my errand,
when I call up the troopers who are back of the house; or if you are in
haste a shot from you will do as well.  Meanwhile permit me most humbly
to apologize to Mrs. Hamilton. I regret to continue to differ concerning
the wine.  As to your George, he is a very small rebel George.  And now
I am obliged most reluctantly to finish my unfortunate business;
perhaps, however, we had better see the last of the wine; you may not
have another opportunity.’

"These remarks somewhat sobered Uncle Ned, and he became of a sudden
aware of the trap he was in.  So he sat down, with his pistols
convenient, and saying, ’With all my heart,’ began to push the bottle.
The Britisher was good company, and his temper was already so mellowed
by wine that he was fast nearing the stage of abrupt mental decay which
mellowness naturally precedes.  He graciously accepted a tumbler of
punch, which my uncle contrived to make pretty strong, and then
numberless glasses of wine, enlivened by very gay stories, at which my
uncle was clever.  At last the captain rose and said with some gravity,
’The glasses appear to be all t-twins.  We have made a night of it.
When you make a n-night of it you improve the s-shining hours.  And now
my painful duty—’

"’One glass more,’ said my uncle; ’and about that story. Pray pardon me,
I interrupted you.’

"’Oh, yes,’ said the captain, emptying a very stiff glass of rum punch,
which by no means put its own quality into the lessening vigor of his
legs.  ’As I was saying, I knew a man once—very clever man; loved a
girl—very clever girl.  Man consumedly fond of liquor.  Girl did n’t
know which he liked best, the wine or the woman.  One day that girl—he
told her a very foolish story about not askin’ for wine if she would put
a k-kiss in the glass.  And that day, instead of a k-kiss she put a
little note inside the decanter; and when he had drunk up the wine, and
the men were laughing at this f-fashion of billet-doux, he broke the
decanter with the poker and r-read the note.  Give you my word, he never
drank a drop after that; and the note, it was a very c-clever note, and
it just said—’  But at this moment the captain made a queer noise in his
throat, and slipped down, overcome with rebel rum and much Madeira.
Uncle Ned humanely loosened his cravat and sword-belt, and lost no time
in creeping through the dark to his friend’s house, where he found
clothes and a good horse.  He was back in camp next day."

"And so this was the wine," said Chestnut; "and the man and the maid are
gone, and the wine is still here.  But the end of the story?—what the
girl said in her note?"

"Ask the wine," laughed Hamilton, "or ask some good woman.  No man
knows.  We shall find Mrs. Hamilton and my daughters in the
drawing-room. They must be at home by this time.  You can ask them."

"With all my heart," said Chestnut.

"That is, if you have had enough tobacco," added the host.

"Just one more glass from the disputed bottle," said Wilmington, rising
with the rest, and holding his glass between his face and the lights.
"As our old table-customs seem to interest you, Chestnut, I give you a
toast which I have drunk now these fifty years.  Once it was a present
joy; it is now but a sad remembrance.  Quite often I say it to myself
when I take my last glass in company; and always when I dine alone I say
it aloud, or it seems to say itself of long habit."

With these words, the spare little, ruddy old gentleman bowed in turn to
each of his fellow-guests, and last to his host, and then said, with a
certain sad serenity of manner: "Here is to each other,"—and with a
slight quaver in his voice,—"and to one other."

With this they turned from the table to follow Hamilton.

John gravely divided the mahogany doors opening into the drawing-room,
and as Mr. Wilmington passed, murmured under his breath, "Dat wine ’s a
sherry, sar, sure ’s ye ’re born."

"Uncle John," replied Wilmington, "you are a great man.  Here is a
dollar," and slowly followed his host, humming under his breath the old

    "The bottle ’s the mistress I mean, I mean."

                       *"A LITTLE MORE BURGUNDY"*

The month of January, 1853, had been as dreary as only a midwinter bit
of Paris weather can be.  The Christmas season came and went, and left
me and my friend Pierce, two friendless students, rather more homesick
than usual, and a little indisposed to confess the malady, or to talk of
those we loved, three thousand miles away.

This special night of the 21st of January I sat with William Pierce in
the second story of an ancient hotel, which for democratic convenience
had been labeled 47 Rue St. Andre des Arts.  The name of the street—like
others in the pleasant, wicked old Latin quarter—has some relation to
the scholastic history of the Sorbonne; but who were the great folks to
whom, long ago, this gray house belonged, I never knew. It was, in my
time, a hive of students, and, standing _entre cour et jardin_, had a
fine air of protesting against the meager trades around it, and the base
uses to which it had come at last.

I never before, or since, lived in so vast a room as this in which I
spent the most of 1853. The lofty, half-domed ceiling over us was still
festive with the tangled dance of nymphs and shepherds who began their
revel when the naughty regent was in power.  I used to wonder what
strange and wicked things they must have seen; what quarrels, what
loves, what partings.

Tall windows, with balconies set in lovely traceries of stone, looked
out on the street; on the other side of the room a deep alcove held my
bed.  Successive economies had narrowed the broad chimney throat to
limits penuriously proportioned to the price of fuel; but two pensive
caryatides still upheld the carved mantel-shelf, over which drooped
pendent rose-wreaths of marble, pipe-stained, wine-tinted, and chipped.

It was never warm in this great chamber; but on the night in question it
was colder than was comfortable even for the warm blood of youth.  Over
the meager nest of a grate we two sat, striving to conjure up a blaze
from reluctant wood and coal.  And this was rather with the hope that
the fire might put a soul of heat into our _boiullotte_ and so give us
material for a consolatory punch, than with any vain belief that we
could ever be warmed again by what the French nation has agreed to
consider a fire.

"Dismal, is n’t it?" said Pierce.

"No," I returned, cheerfully, because now the _bouillotte_ began,
uneasily, to hop a little on the coals, as if nervous, and to puff and
breathe out steam at intervals.  Seeing this, Pierce, who was by nature
a silent son of New England, got up, with no more words, and went over
to the far corner, and presently said:


Now _dame_ is French, and has no harm in it, but is nearly as
satisfactory as if it did not lack that final n, which makes the
difference between mere Celtic impatience and English verbal iniquity.

"Well?" I said.

"The cognac is out."

"Is it?" I said.  It was not a great calamity, but it did seem to add
something to the sum of our discomforts.

"Have a little hot water?" said my friend.

"Don’t," I returned.

"But what shall we do?  You are pretty poor company to-night.  There is
the Closerie des Lilas, and Mabille, and the Café des Drôles."

I would none of them.  I sat with my head in my hands, staring into the
embers of the fading fire.  I was crying a man’s tears, thinking of the
home fireside at evening, three thousand miles away.  And if you think a
man cannot cry without the shedding of material tears, life has taught
you little of physiology; for this is the chief difference between man
and woman.

At last Pierce rose up and said French and English profanities, and
thought it no colder out of doors than within; therefore I put on my
overcoat and a fez cap—such as we wore in those days—and followed him
down-stairs, across the courtyard, and under its gray escutcheon and
armorial bearings, and so into the outer air. A band of noisy students
was passing out of the narrow Rue des Grands Augustins, singing. How
often I have heard it, and how it rings in my head after these many long

    Par derrier’ chez ma tante
    I’ya-t-un bois joli;
    Le rossignol y chante
    Et le jour et la nuit.
      Gai lon la, gai le rosier
      Du joli mois de mai.

Across the way two little maids in caps were filling their tins from the
steaming heap of fried potatoes in the tiny shop of my old acquaintance
Madame Beaumain.

We left the gayer streets and soon were walking through the maze of
narrow avenues and lanes long since destroyed to make way for the wide
boulevards of the Second Empire. We went along aimlessly, as it seemed
to me, until presently Pierce stopped, exclaiming, "Yes, it is here,"
and turned from the Rue de l’Université into the short _impasse_ at its
further end.  Here he paused.

"Well," I said, "where next?"

"My dear M——," he said, "I can’t stand you alone any longer.  I ’m going
to take you to call on M. Des Illes."

Now, M. Des Illes was an acquaintance of a minute (to be accurate, of
five minutes), and was nothing to me on earth but a quaint remembrance.
I said I would go anywhere, call on devil or angel, do as he liked.  As
I made clear to him the amiability of my indifferent mood, he paused at
the doorway of No. 37.

"Is this the place?"

"Yes, 37 _bis_."  Upon this he rang, and the door opening in the usual
mysterious Paris fashion, a concierge put out her head at the side of
the passage, which seemed long and narrow.

"Is M. Des Illes at home?"

"Oui; tout en face, tout au fond; Porte à gauche."

"That ’s droll," I said as we walked on.  The passage was dimly lighted
by a lantern hung on the wall.  We went on quite three hundred feet, and
came out into a courtyard some thirty feet by twice that length.  The
walls were high around it, but before us was a small hotel with a rather
elaborate front, not easily made out by the feeble glimmer of a lantern
over the door and another on the wall.  The main entrance was a little
to the left of the middle of the house, which seemed to be but one story
high, and over this a Mansard roof.

"Interesting, is n’t it?" said Pierce.

"Very," said I, as I rang. The door was opened at once, and we were in a
hall some twenty feet square, beautifully lit with wax candles in the
most charming of silver sconces. There were a few arms on the walls, and
a portrait of a girl in a red gown and hoops.  The servant who admitted
us was in black from head to foot—a very tall man with an immense—an
unusual nose, very red cheeks, and enormous ears.

I said, "M. Des Illes is at home?" and he, "Monsieur would oblige with
the names, and this way, please."  We gave him our cards and went after
him.  He warned us of a step, and of another, and we came into a little
antechamber, where we were pleasantly bid to be seated.  He came back at
once, followed by the strangest little old gentleman imaginable. I said,
"M. Des Illes, I believe?"

"Ah," he cried.  "It cannot be that I am deceived.  It is Monsieur, my
preserver.  What a happiness to see you here!" and upon this, to my
great embarrassment, he kissed me upon both cheeks, while Pierce grinned
at me maliciously over his shoulders.

"It was a small matter," I said.

"To you, no doubt; but not to me.  Life is never a small possession to
him that owns it.  I have friends with me to-night who will feel it to
be more than an honor to welcome you. M. Michel and M. Pierce, you said,
I think.  This is a most fortunate hour."

I said all the effusively pleasant things I could think of, while his
servant relieved me of my overcoat.  As Pierce was being aided in like
manner I had a good look at my host, and made up my mind that he was
probably dressed for a fancy ball. He was clearly a quite old man,
curiously slight in person, and having almost the delicacy of features
of a woman.  Also he was clean shaven, wore his hair in a cue tied with
black ribbon, and was clad in black silk or satin, with jet buttons, a
long waistcoat, a full lace jabot, knee-breeches, black silk stockings,
court shoes, and black jet buckles.  With some puzzle of mind I
concluded it to be a mourning suit of the last century, queer to see at
this time and in this place.

As we crossed the antechamber M. Des Illes fluttered about us,
gesticulating and talking with vehemence of his great debt to me, who
thought it small and embarrassingly made too much of.  I have laid away
somewhere among my mental negatives a picture of the room into which we
went, following our host.  There were many candles in sconces, tables
and chairs of Louis XV.’s time, and one cabinet of wonderful inlaid work
filled with silver.

Two persons rose as we entered.  To my surprise, I saw that they also
were dressed in black of the same fashion as that worn by my host.  All
had cues, and, like M. Des Illes, wore swords with black sheaths. One of
these gentlemen might have been forty years old, but the other, like my
host, was a man far on in life and certainly not much under seventy
years.  As I stood a moment in the doorway, the two, who were playing
piquet, rose, and M. Des Illes, going in before us, turned and said as
we entered:

"I have great pleasure to present to you M. Michel, my preserver, of
whom I have already told.  It is he who has with heroism dragged me from
before a swift-coming horse. He with modesty refused me his address.
His name I shall forever cherish.  Permit me, Duke, to present M.

I named my friend, who was introduced.  Then we were let to know that
the older man, who was stout and well built, and who seemed of M. Des
Illes’s years, was the Duke de St. Maur.  He in turn presented to us the
youngest of these quaintly clad people, his son, M. de St. Maur.  When
these gentlemen bowed, for neither did more, they took up much of the
room, and in the space left to us—such courtesy being contagious—Pierce
and I achieved quite as remarkable salutes.

This ceremony over, we were seated, and the tale of M. Des Illes’s
rescue having been told once more at too great length, the Duke rose,
and, taking my hand, desired me to understand that I had conferred upon
him a favor which I must have known M. Des Illes as long as he to
understand.  When his son had stated that none could better what his
father had said, he added, "May it please God, Monsieur, that you never
need a friend; and may his providence never leave you without one as
good as you yourself have proved to be."  I replied in fluent but
unequal French, and began to have the keenest desire to know what the
mischief all this masquerade might mean.

I soon observed that the politics of the day were out of the talk.
When, indeed, we were speaking of pictures, and Pierce mentioned a
portrait of the Prince President in the Salon, a manner of chill seemed
to fall upon the party, while the Duke said with a certain gentle
decisiveness, "You, who are our guests this evening, and will share it
with us—may I say for my friend and myself that the person mentioned
should never get so far into good society as to be talked of by
gentlemen—at least not to-night—not to-night?"

"No," said St. Maur; "not to-night."

Pierce spoke quickly, "You will pardon us, Duke."

The Duke lifted a remonstrating hand.  "It is not needed," he said.
"And have you seen the great landscape by Diaz? I have the pendant; but
now his prices have gone up, and we poor gentlefolk, alas!"  Here he
took snuff, and M. de St. Maur remarked with a smile, "My good father is
never so near extravagance as when he talks of his poverty."

"He is shrewd, the young man, and of distressing economy—a quite modern
economy.  I bought it to-day."  Our laughter set the chat on a less
formal footing, and we fell to talking of theaters, actresses, the
latest play, and the like, until at last M. Des Illes said. "Pardon, my
dear Duke, but the hour is near when we must go down to the cellar."

Meanwhile no one had explained the costumes which appeared to have power
to recall into active life the forms of manners with which they seemed
to consist so well, the grave courtesies of an hour more patient than
that in which we live. "We are at your service," said the Duke, rising.
"Our friends must feel by this time as if they were calling on actors
behind the scenes at the Odeon. Is it not so?" he added.

"Perhaps," I returned.  "But the wise who are well entertained do not
ask the name of the inn; at least so they say in Spain."

"Monsieur has found for us a delightful apology," said M. de St. Maur.
"Let us leave him to guess our sad riddle; and now, the lanterns."

As he spoke, M. Des Illes came from a closet with lanterns and straw
wine-baskets, of which he gave one to each of us.  Then the candles in
the lanterns were lighted, while Pierce and I, profoundly curious, said

"A pity," exclaimed the younger St. Maur, "that our friends’ modern
dress should interpolate a note of to-day."

"We can only regret," said I.

"It is but a wicked little remark, that," returned the Duke. "My son is
of to-day, Monsieur. For him this is a masquerade, interesting, droll.
But for us, _mon Dieu_!  It is——."

"Yes, it is," returned Des Illes gravely.

"Pardon, Duke," said the son, smiling.  "Once all these things lived for
you and for our friend; but as to me—I have only the memory of another’s

"Neatly put!" cried Des Illes.  "Almost a _mot_; as near as men get to
it in these degenerate days.  Well, well, if wit be dead, wine is not.
Let us go now among the old memories of which your son speaks.  Come,

With these words we went with him through a back room, and thence by a
window into a garden.  In the uncertain moonlight I saw that it was
large, with great walls about it, and the appearance beyond these of
tall, leafless trees.  We passed a frozen basin and the figure of a
dryad, and went after our host into a house for plants, now to
appearance disused.  At a far corner he lifted a trap-door and went
before us down a stone stair to a wine-cellar such as is common in good
French houses.  Here were bottles and barrels of _vin ordinaire_ for
common use.  I began to feel an increase of interest when, near the far
end of this cellar, M. Des Illes set down his lantern, unlocked a
padlock, and, aided by St. Maur, lifted a larger trap-door. With a word
of care as to the steps, he showed us the way down a broad stone
stairway, and in a minute we were all standing on the rock floor of a
great room underground.

As we saw the Duke and his companions hang their lanterns on hooks set
in the wall, we did as they had done, and, placing our wine-baskets on
casks, began to get used to the cross lights of the lanterns and to look
around us.  The space seemed to be some thirty feet long and perhaps as
much as fifteen feet wide.  It was cut out of the soft lime-rock which
underlies Paris.  Perhaps a dozen casks of wine, on racks, were set
along one side of the cave, and over them, on stone shelves excavated in
the walls, were hundreds of bottles.

"Be careful of the cobwebs," said Des Illes, and there was need to be.
They hung from above in black curtains and in coarse openwork of tangled
ropes.  They lay over the bottles and across the casks, wonderful for
amount and for their dark hue.  The spinners of this funereal broidery I
could nowhere see.  It was the work of generations of arachnidean
artists long dead; or else those who lived were hiding, scared, amidst
these great pendent festoons.  I wondered how the net-makers had lived,
for flies there were none, and no other insect life so far as I could
see. After this brief survey I observed that the air was cool, and so
dry that it was hardly felt to be uncomfortable.  The three gentlemen
were moving to and fro, exchanging phrases apparently about the wine,
and as I joined their little group it became clear that a selection was
being made.

"There will be one bottle of the year," said the Duke.

"Yes, of the year," repeated our host.

"Might I ask of what year?" said Pierce.

"Of 1793," replied St. Maur; "the fatal year.  Permit me"; and he held
the basket wine-cradle while the Duke put on his glasses, and, turning
the lantern-light on to a shelf, said: "There are but twelve left."

"Enough for us, friend," said Des Illes, lifting a bottle.  "It has the
black ribbon on the neck, but the spiders have so covered everything as
with a pall, that it was hard to be sure."  With this, he turned to me.
"It has a black ribbon, you perceive."

"It has," I said, rather puzzled.

"And now, my friends, choose as you will, you cannot go far wrong.  The
sun of many summers is locked up in these bottles."

"I wall take Chambertin," said the Duke.

"And I, Pomard," said his son.

"And I," said Des Illes, "Romanée Conti.  But all here are in the
peerage of wines."

Then, when each of this curious company had made his choice, our host
said to us:

"It will be best that I choose for you.  There is already enough of
Burgundy to trouble some toes to-morrow.  Shall we say Bordeaux?  Here
are two of long descent, and one is a comet-wine—of a name long lost—and
one is Laffitte, and both are in good order; neither is less than thirty
years old.  In this changeless atmosphere our great wines are
long-lived.  Have a care not to disturb the wines as we go up the

"We shall carry them with care," I replied, laughing, "until we have
swallowed them."

"And then without care, I trust," cried the younger St. Maur.  "Let us
go; it is chilly here."

"A moment," said the Duke. "M. Michel will desire to know why all this
costuming, and the bottles in mourning, and this ancient cellar."

"True," I returned.  "I was about to ask."

"Well, well," said Des Illes. "A few words here, where they will have
the more interest, and then let us mount, and end the tale with such
memories as these good wines may suggest."

"This way," said the Duke to me.  "Let me show you something."  I
followed him to the end of the cellar, where, to my surprise, I saw by
the light of his lantern a door heavily built and guarded by a bar of
wood.  This he lifted, and as he opened the door, and we gazed into the
deep darkness beyond, he said: "I show you a passageway into the
catacombs of Paris, of which this cave must have been a part until built
off to be made a cellar somewhere in the reign of Louis XV.  And stay.
Look at this"; and, turning aside, he showed me, as it lay on a cask, a
cobwebbed bit of something.

"What is it?" I said.

"A woman’s glove—and it has been here since 1794."

"The rest were better told in a less somber place," said St. Maur.  "Let
us go."  Upon this we went up the stairs and out into the air.  As we
crossed through the barren shrubbery, each with his lantern and a little
basket of wine, I thought that probably Paris could show no stranger
sight than this sunken garden-space dark with box, the gentlemen in
their dress of another time, and we two Yankees wondering what it all

When at length we reentered M. Des Illes’s drawing-room a brighter fire
was on the hearth than is common in France. About it M. Des Illes set
with care, in their cradles, the half-dozen bottles we had fetched from
the cellar.  I ventured to say that it would be long before they were
warm enough to drink; but the Duke said that was quite a modern notion,
and that he liked to warm his wine on the tongue.  It seemed to me odd;
but I am told it was once thought the thing to have red wines of the
temperature of the cellar.  When the wine was set at a correct distance
from the fire, and the blaze heartened a little with added fuel, M. Des
Illes excused himself, and, returning after some twenty minutes,
explained that he had been arranging a dressing for the salad, but that
it would be an hour before supper could be made ready.

"That," I said, "will give us full leisure to ask some questions."

"_Pardie!_" said St. Maur. "Had I been you, by this time I should have
asked fifty."

"No doubt," laughed his father; and then, turning to us, "Usually when
we dress as you see, we are alone—Des Illes and I at least—men of a
forgotten past.  But to-night friendly chance has sent you here, and it
were but courteous that we explain what may seem absurd.  M. Des Illes
will tell you the story."

"It is many years since I heard it," said St. Maur.  "I shall be well
pleased to hear it once more."

"But it is long."

"_Fi donc_, my friend.  The wine will be the better for waiting," said
the Duke; "and, after all, some one must tell these gentlemen.  As for
me, I should spoil a good story."

Then Pierce and I said how delighted we should be to listen, but indeed
we little knew how strange a tale we were to hear.

"It shall be as the Duke likes," said M. Des Illes.  "Let us move nearer
to the fireside. It is chilly, I think."  Upon this we drew to the fire.
Our host added a small fagot of tender twigs, so that a brief blaze went
up and lit the dark velvets and jet buttons of the company.

"You will all have heard it," said Des Illes; "but it is as you desire.
It will be new to our friends."

"And surely strange," said the Duke’s son.

"My memory may prove short, Duke.  If I fail, you will kindly aid me."

"Ah, my friend, neither your wine nor your memory has failed.  But make
haste, or your supper will be spoiled while we await a tale which is
slow in coming."

"The things I shall speak of took place in the month of July, 1794.
Alas! this being now 1853, I was in those days close to eleven years of
age. My good Duke, here, was himself some two years younger. My father
had been purveyor of wines to the Court, as his father had been, and I
may say, too, that we were broken-down nobles who liked better this way
of earning a meal than by clinging to the skirts of more lucky men of no
better blood than we.

"There had been in the far past some kindly relation between my Duke’s
people and my own, and how it came about I know not, but my grandmother,
when the old Duchess died, would have it she must nurse the little Duke,
and hence between him, as he grew up, and my father was the resemblance
often seen between brothers of one milk.  We were all of us, my mother
and father and I, living in this house when my story begins, and
although in secret we were good servants of the King, we were quietly
protected by certain Jacobins who loved good wine.  In fact, we did very
well and kept our heads from Madame Guillotine, and from suspicion of
being enemies of the country, until the sad thing chanced of which I am
made to tell the history.

"In the spring of 1793 the Duke, my father’s foster-brother, came one
day from the country in disguise, and with him this same Duke Henri you
see here to-day.  I do not now know precisely what had taken place, but
I believe the Duke was deep in some vain plots to save the Queen, and
wished to be free for a time from the care of his boy.  At all events,
Duke Henri, a very little fellow, was left with us and became our cousin
from Provence. He had a great opinion of his dignity, this dear Duke, in
those days, and was like enough to get us all into trouble.

"Early in July 1794 my father was much disturbed in mind. I often saw
him at night carrying things into the plant-house, where my mother
nursed a few pots of flowers.  There was cause, indeed, to trouble any
one, what with the merciless guillotine and the massacres. As for us,
too, we knew pretty well that at last we were becoming "suspects."

"One evening—it was the 19th of July—my father was away nearly all day,
a thing for him quite out of the common.  About dusk he came home, and
after a few words in haste to my mother called us to help him.  On this
we were set to work carrying bottles of milk, cheese, bread, and cold
meats in baskets to the plant-house, where my father took them from us.
Then we went back and forth with blankets, pillows, and more things than
I can now recall. After this, it being night, we were told to wait in
the house, but no explanation was given us as to what these unusual
preparations meant."

"It was this house, this same house," said Duke Henri; "when we had done
all that was required of us we sat within doors, wondering what it was

"The next day, being July 20th about noon, we boys were playing in the
garden when I saw my mother come through the window, and heard her cry
out: ’It is ruin, it is ruin; my God, it is ruin!’  A moment after came
my father with the Duke de St. Maur—Duke Philip, of course.  The Duke
was speaking vehemently as we boys ran to hear.  ’I came to say that I
am going to England.  I have not a moment. I fear I may have been
followed.  I grieve to have fetched this trouble upon you.’

"My mother was vexed indeed, and spoke angrily; but my father said, ’No;
trouble has been close for days, and the house is watched.  For me,
there need be no real fear.  I have friends, and should be set free
quickly, but the Duke!—’

"In the end they would not let Duke Philip go, and urged that now it
would bring about a greater peril for all of us if he were caught going
out or were seen to come forth.

"’There is a better way,’ cried my father.  ’Quick!  Let us all go down
to the lower cave.’  The Duke remonstrated, but was cut short, for my
father said, ’If you have compromised us, I must judge now what is
best.’  And so the Duke gave in, and we were all hurried into the
plant-house and down the stairs to the first cellar, where were many of
the things so long made ready.  My father opened the larger trap, and
began with great haste to carry down, with our help, all he had left in
the cellar above.  Every one aided, and it was no sooner done than we
heard a noise in the house, or beyond it.  ’The officers!’ said my
father.  ’Now you are all safe, and I shall soon come for you.’

"He stood a moment, seeming to hesitate, while my mother and the Duke
prayed him to come down and close the trap; but at last he said, ’No; it
were better my way,’ and shut down the door.

"I heard a great clatter of barrel-staves falling on the trap. I think
he had seen the need to take this precaution, and it was this made him
run for us and for his friend a perilous risk; his fear, I mean, that
unless hidden, the trap would easily be seen by any one who chanced to
enter the upper cellar.  I should have said that my father lifted the
trap a little and cried, ’The good God help thee, Claire!’  Then we were
at once in darkness, and again the staves were replaced, as one could
easily hear.  I heard my mother sob, but the one-year-old baby she
carried screamed loudly, and this, I think, took up her attention for a
time.  I was on the stone staircase when my father went by me saying,
’Be good to thy mother.’  I sat still awhile, and, the baby ceasing to
cry, we remained thus for a time silent in this appalling darkness, like
hunted things, with the terror of the time upon us.

"It is a sad story, dear Duke. I wonder how you can wish to hear it
again.  And will my young friend draw the corks of these bottles, and be
careful not to shake the wine?"

St. Maur, saying, "With pleasure, yes," went on to draw the corks.

"What a bouquet has that Chambertin!" said the Duke. "But go on, my

"In a moment or so my mother exclaimed: ’There is something wrong.  I
must go and see.  My husband was to come with us.  It has long been so

"With great difficulty the Duke persuaded her to run no farther risk.
’If,’ he said, ’your husband has been arrested, you can do no good.  If
he has not, we shall soon hear, and I, myself, will seek to learn where
he is.’

"This quieted her for a little while, and we sat still in the darkness,
which seemed to grow deeper.  I think it must have been an hour before
any one spoke, but at times I could hear my mother sob.  At last the
baby woke up again and made doleful cries, so that the Duke said—and his
was the first voice to break the long silence: ’Is there a way to make a
light?  It may quiet him.’

"My mother said, ’Yes’; and after groping about we found flint and
steel, and presently, with a little care, there was a bit of flame and a
candle lit.  I declare to you, it made things look the more dismal.
Later it caused us all to feel a strange and causeless elation.  My
mother, who was a resolute woman, began to walk about, and the baby,
having been given milk, grew quiet.  We boys were set to work arranging
the mattresses and blankets and all the material my father had by
degrees made ready for this hour of need.  There was food enough for a
stay of many days, and as to wine, there was of that an abundance, and
also a barrel of good water.

"After our brief task was over we two little fellows sat most of that
long first day beside each other, rarely opening our lips. My mother lay
on a mattress, trying to keep the babe quiet, for he used his lungs
dangerously well.  The Duke walked to and fro restlessly, and by and by
carefully put his pistols in order and laid them on a cask.  After some
hours he became more tranquil and even gay, and kept us all sustained by
his gentle goodness and sweet temper, laughing at our fears, recalling
to my mother what hopeful words my father had used, and at last almost
making her sure that no one would hurt so good a man.

"When the Duke looked at his jeweled watch, which had been used to
number more pleasant hours, he told us it was night, and nine o’clock.
My mother said prayers, and the candle having been put out, we all lay
down and slept as we could.  I must have slept well, for it was nine in
the morning when I awakened, and I, for one, had to think a little to
recover my orientation.

"In this dismal fashion we passed two days.  Then, on the third, about
noon, as we had heard no noise above us, the Duke and my mother thought
we might look out to see if any one were about.  This, as I shall tell
you, proved a sad business, and had like to have caused our ruin.  But
of this later.

"The Duke went up the stair, and with difficulty lifted the trapdoor so
as to see a little.  As no one was in sight, he heaved off the staves my
father had cast down, and at last got himself out into the upper cellar.
Then he went thence into the plant-house and garden, and at last boldly
entered the house, in which was no one, as it had been closed, and, as
we learned long after, the seal of the Republic put on the door.  In a
half hour the Duke returned and took me back into the house, whence we
carried a number of things much needed in our cave, such as more
candles, and a blanket or two, although this was chiefly for precaution,
since the cellar was never cold, nor, as I think of it, damp.  We
hurried back, and as we did so I asked the Duke about my father.  But
neither he nor my mother could tell why he had been arrested, as he had
managed to keep in good relations with some of the Jacobins.  It was
quite common to hear of the head of a house being arrested, and then,
within a day or two, of the women being likewise hurried to the common
fate which awaited all suspects.  The Duke seemed to think my father
might have had some such fear for us, and desired to put us all in
safety, although how in the end this could be of use did not seem very

"When we all got back to the cave and had shut the trap, I sat a long
while much oppressed in my small mind; but so, too, were our elders, I
fear. As to this my Duke here, he cried a little, but not so that any
one knew but myself.

"In this way four miserable days and nights went by, and, thus
imprisoned, we knew not what to do.  We had waited long, hopeful of my
father’s return, and, _mon Dieu!_ he came not at all.  The Duke was for
going forth again at night and some way escaping alone, fearing that to
be caught in our company might more surely bring us into trouble when at
last we should be forced, soon or late, to come out to the light.
Meanwhile, this blackness, for it was not mere darkness, became more
terrible than I can make any one comprehend.  As I remember, there were
long talks of what to do, with vain endings, and, in between, great,
awful silences."

"I used to get frightened then," said the Duke, looking up from the
fire.  "One seemed so absolutely alone.  I used to resist for a time,
and at last put out a hand to take hold of your mother’s skirt for
company. Once or twice the poor baby screamed so loud that he had to be
kept quiet by a little _eau de vie_, lest some one coming overhead
should hear; for, indeed, in this vault his cries seemed like shouts,
and one heard better because one could not see.  Do you remember that,
Des Illes?  But I used to wish that baby would cry all day."

"Do I remember?  Yes, indeed.  Those were not days or things to be
easily forgotten. But to go on.  The fifth day, when we were all of us
becoming distracted, a thing took place which settled some of our
doubts. It may have been about six o’clock in the evening when we heard
faint noises in the upper cellar.  The Duke was first, I think, to
notice them; then a footfall passed over the trap, and this was only too
plain.  The Duke caught my arm and said quietly, ’Come here,’ and so
saying, drew me to the foot of the stone stairs.  This was about, as you
know, ten feet high.  I could see nothing, but I heard his step as he
went up.  Then he said, ’Here is a pistol.  Be ready to hand it to
me—so—so; do not let the powder fall from the pan. I have one pistol.
If there are two men and you are quick, these will suffice.  If there
are three men, we are lost.’  It was dark as I stood, for we never used
candles save when we ate, and to quiet the baby.  I reflected quickly
that, as the Duke could not have put back the staves, they who were
searching must easily find the trap; and so it was, for just as he said
softly, ’Keep still every one,’ the trap was lifted a little and a ray
of blinding candle-light shot through the narrow space. For a moment I
could see nothing because of the glare.  Then the trap was carefully
raised still higher, and we saw the figure of a kneeling man sustaining
the door with his left hand.  In the other he held a lantern and a
canvas bag.  Luckily for us all, the Duke was a person of calm courage.
He had seen that the stranger was not an agent of police.  ’If you move,
you are dead,’ he cried, and the muzzle of a pistol on the man’s breast
made him for the time motionless, and perhaps quickened his wits, for he
exclaimed: ’Great heavens!  I am not a municipal.  God forbid.  I am
only a thief.  Be merciful, sir. I entered the house by a window, and
now the officers have come in by a door and I shall be guillotined as an

"’A pretty tale; I have half a mind to kill you,’ said the Duke.

"’Pray the Lord keep the other half!’ cried the thief.

"Upon this I heard my mother exclaim: ’No, no; let him come down.’

"’If you fire, I shall be dead, but your pistol will call these
scoundrels.  I have stolen only this bag of gold.  Take it, sir. So
saying, he let it fall on the head of this our Duke Henri, who, having
crept near to listen, set up a dismal howl, because of the weight of a
hundred gold louis.

"I heard the Duke, his father, call out, ’Idiot, hold your tongue!  The
animal is right. Come down, you rascal.  I would not deny the foul fiend
a refuge from these villains.’

"’Sir, you will never regret this good deed,’ said the thief, and
instantly two long legs were through the opening, as I stepped down to
make way for our new lodger.  The Duke was about to close the trap when
the thief said, ’Permit me, sir,’ and set about cleverly arranging the
staves on the half-closed trap-door, in order that, as he let it fall,
they might cover it at least in part.

"After this he descended, and, bowing in an awkward way, said, ’I am
your humble servant, Madam’; and to the Duke, ’You have saved my life.
It is a cheap article nowadays, but still—’

"’Enough, master thief; here am I, the Duke de St. Maur, and Madame, my
friend’s wife, and the baby, and these boys.  Put out your lantern.  God
knows when we shall get out, or how this adventure will end; but, until
it is over, you are a stranger within our gates, and we will feed you
while our food lasts.’  It seemed to me queer to be so near to a thief,
but I heard my mother say something, and some one muttered an ’Ave’; it
might have been the thief.

"After a little, the Duke asked him a question as to how he entered our
house, and then my mother inquired if he had seen my father.  He seemed
a merry fellow, our thief, and so well pleased to be cared for and let
live that by and by he laughed outright until the Duke bade him have a
care.  Nor was this at all a needless caution, because the next day,
quite early on the sixth morning, we could too easily hear feet above us
on the floor of the wine-vault.  I heard the Duke’s ’Hist!’ and we were
all as still as mice, except that the Duke, as before, gave me a pistol
and went up the ladder to be ready. I, following him, waited a little
further down.  It must have been that they were making free with the
wine, because some of it was spilled and ran through the trap and down
my neck.  It quite scared me, but in peril and in darkness a little
thing will do that.  One man fell over the staves, but, as the Duke told
us later, he swore as if hurt, and so, I fancy, did not chance to see
our trap-door.  All day long we prayed and listened and watched.  When,
at nightfall, all sounds were over, we resolved that the Duke should
take a look outside, not knowing what to do or how otherwheres to find
an exit we might think to use."

"And then," said the Duke to Des Illes, as he paused in his story.

"Ah me! and then,—you remember."

"Remember?  I shall never forget it,—the trap could not be moved!  When
this dreadful thing was discovered, both our thief and the Duke got up
high on the ladder, and, with heads on one side and heaving with their
shoulders, failed to open it.  It was quite in vain. The thief, as
usual, took a gay view of the situation.  They have, said he, rolled a
cask of wine on to the trap.  They will drink it up, or steal it by the
gallon, and when the cask is lighter we can heave it off, or—’

"’Thou art a merry sinner,’ said the Duke, and even my mother laughed,
and we boys.  The gay noise came back dismally, thus bottled up in the
narrow vault. But when we began to reflect, we knew that we were buried
alive.  Our thief had no end of schemes.  We would bore through the door
with an auger, and then bore into the barrel and let the wine run out.
’But we have no auger,’ said the Duke, ’and the door is covered with
sheet-iron.’  ’No matter, he would think; if he walked, he could think
better,’ and so he moved to and fro awhile in search of wisdom.

"By this time, because our young stomachs began to cry out, we lit a
candle, and my mother gave us all our portions, while I sat on the
ladder top so as to hear if any one came.  For a little while we were
strangely cheerful, and this I saw happen whenever we lit up our vault.
The baby smiled, and we moved about and made believe it was a small
matter, after all.  As for our thief, he was a treasure of queer
stories, and you could not help but laugh, even if you were desolate the
minute after.

"Our thief had made ready his lantern, and, as I said, began to prowl
about into corners, and at last stumbled over our Duke’s legs.

"’_Diable!_’ cried the Duke. ’Put out your light; we have few enough
candles; and keep quiet, too.  You are as uneasy as a cat of the

"’And I am but a street cat, Monsieur, and have wisdom enough to know
that the lazy eat no mice.’

"’I don’t see how your stumbling about this cellar will help us or you.’

"’Who knows, Monsieur? When you are in a scrape it is never well to keep
quiet.  I have been in many, and worse than this—perils by sea and land,
and rope—I always get out, but—Ah me, to forget them is not easy.’

"’Rope!’ said the Duke.  ’Indeed—’

"’Yes; they hang a fellow for so little, nowadays.  You will permit,
Duke, that I change the conversation; I avoid it usually. Indeed, I am
careful not to tie my cravat too tight; it gives one a turn sometimes—a
sort of prophetic hint.’

"’You are a droll devil,’ laughed the Duke, ’and not bad company—where
you can’t run away with a purse.  Do as you like.’

"’Thanks, Monsieur,’ said the thief, and with no more words resumed a
careful search, as it seemed to me, after nothing. Indeed, we young
fellows laughed as he looked under and back of the casks.  ’It is good
to laugh,’ he said, as we followed him about; ’but in my business, when
there is no profit to be had, it is well to cultivate one’s powers of
observation.’  After a while we tired of following him, and sat down;
but he continued his search among the cobwebs—of which, trust me, there
were enough even in those days.

"At last I saw him mount on top of some empty barrels at the far end of
the cave. Unable to see behind them, he lowered his lantern between the
casks and the wall of the cellar, and looked.  Of a sudden he scrambled
down and cried, waving his lantern: ’A thief for luck!  A thief for

"’What! what!’ exclaimed the Duke, rising.  As to the thief, he knelt
down at my mother’s feet and said, looking in her face: ’Madame, God has
sent you this thief to show you a way out of this grave.’  My mother
caught his arm and cried, ’Let this jesting cease.’  He answered, ’I do
not jest,’ and we all leaped up and came to where he knelt.

"’What is this?’ said the Duke; on which our thief turned to the end of
the vault and quite easily spun aside two of the casks.

"’Look!’ he said.  To our surprise, there were several boards set
against the wall, and between their joinings came a current of air which
flared a candle-flame. ’There is a space beyond,’ said the Duke.  ’Is it
the catacombs? And was this vault a part?  See the masonry here, and
over it these boards nailed fast into the cracks.’  ’Horrible!’ cried my
poor mother.  I had heard that all of the contents of the Cemetery of
the Innocents had been tumbled into some of the openings of these
catacombs.  ’_Mon Dieu_,’ I cried; ’they are full of the dead!’

"’It is the live rascals I care not to meet,’ laughed the thief; ’as for
the dead, they are dead. All their wants are supplied. They neither
steal nor kill—and there are ways out—ways out—I am sure.’

"’Pray God, my good thief, that it may be as you say,’ said my mother;
’but _mon Dieu!_ one may wander far, they say, in these old quarries.’
’Let us see,’ said the thief, and with a strong hand he tore away board
after board, the rusted nails breaking and the rotten wood falling at
his feet.  There, before him and us, was a great, dark gap in the wall.
Our thief held his lantern within it.

"’I see little; there is a descent.  I must go and find out.’

"’Oh, be careful!  You may fall—may die,’ said my mother.

"’You have said that, Madame, which would send me smiling on a worse
errand.  Since I was of this lad’s bigness, no one has so much as cared
if I lived or died.  I was a mere dog of the streets whom all men

"’Poor fellow,’ said my mother.  ’We are alike of the company of
misfortune, and perhaps from this day you may forever turn from evil.’

"’Let us waste no more time,’ said the Duke; ’but have a care, or we
shall lose you.’

"’If he had a long string which he might unroll,’ said I. ’I saw that in
a book.’

"’Good,’ said the Duke, ’if we had it; but we have not.’

"’But we have,’ said the thief.  ’Here is Madame’s knitting-ball.  The
lad shall hold the end, and I shall be the fish at the other end, and
unroll it as I go.’

"Upon this, I, very proud, was given the end to hold, and our thief took
his lantern and went on, we watching him until the light was lost
because of his turning a corner.  He might have been gone half an hour
when he came back.  My mother said to him: ’We feared for you. And now,
what is your name? For if out of jest we have called you Mr. Thief, that
is not to be done any more.’

"Upon this he said his name was François, and that in the catacombs he
had gotten into a labyrinth of wet passages and seen no light anywhere.
’Indeed,’ he said, ’if we venture in and lose power to come back whither
we started, we may never get out alive.  What with the bewilderment of
many crossings, underground ways, and the armies of rats, it is a mad
resort.’  This notion of the rats, I confess, made me quail.  So the end
of it was that our new hope became but a new despair. _Mon Dieu_!  ’T is
a long tale."

Both Pierce and I declared our interest, which was in truth real, and he
went on.

"The coming of the seventh day still found us reasonably well
provisioned, and our elders discussing ways of escape, but finding none
available.  About noon of this day occurred an event which put an end to
these discussions.  All the morning there had been noises overhead, and
we were kept in continual alarm.  At last they were heard just over the
trap, and we began to hope they were moving the cask.  This, indeed, was
the case.  They made a great racket.  To us underneath, the sounds above
were such as to make us wonder what they could be doing.  I suppose it
was all caused by rolling the full barrels about to get at the bungs.
After a while it ceased; but in an hour or so the Duke cried: ’On guard!
Be ready! Quick, my other pistol!’  As he stood he had now one in each
hand.  Instantly the trap was pulled up without hesitation or caution.
There were several lighted candles standing on the barrels, and thus I
saw, stooping over the opening, lantern in hand, a big municipal guard.
Instantly there was the flash and roar of the Duke’s pistol, and the
huge brute, with a cry, pitched head down into the open trap.  He rolled
off the Duke’s shoulder, and as he tumbled over on to me, I half fell,
half leaped, and he came down with an awful crash, his head striking the
floor of stone.  As he fell the thief threw himself upon him. My mother
cried, ’_Mon Dieu!_’  There was a pause—when the thief called out, ’He
is dead.’  As he spoke I ran up the stone stair, too curious to be
afraid, and peeped under the Duke’s left arm.  The smoke was thick, and
I saw nothing for a moment. Then a second officer ran down the stone
steps of the upper cellar and drew a pistol.  He had a large lantern,
and as he turned it on us the Duke fired. I saw the man’s right arm sink
and the pistol drop; and now a strange thing happened.  For a moment the
man stood leaning back against a great cask. The hand in which he
clutched the lantern shook violently as with a spasm.  ’_Diable_!  That
is strange,’ cried the Duke.  As I stood beside him in fear and wonder,
the wounded officer swayed to the left, and I heard a gurgling noise and
saw rush out under the man’s arm a great gush of red fluid—as it seemed
to me blood.  Then of a sudden the man doubled up and came down in a
heap on the floor. I heard him groan piteously.

"Cried the Duke, ’Stay there.’  This was to me.  ’Be still, all of you.’
Indeed, I had no mind to move; one dead man above and one below were
guards enough.  The Duke went by the municipal without more than a look,
saying, as he set foot on the upper stair, ’I have shot that man and the
wine-barrel too.  _Sacré bleu_, what a waste!’  So it was good Bordeaux,
and not blood.  This reassured me. In a minute more I heard the Duke say
cheerfully: ’All goes well.  A lantern, quick!  There is no one else.’

"Our thief was ready in a moment, and the two, with my small person in
the rear, turned to consider the Jacobin.  ’Dead, I think,’ said the
Duke.  ’And if not, it were wise to attend to his case,’ said our thief.
’No, no,’ I heard my mother cry from the top of the staircase; ’we will
have no more bloodshed.’

"Neither Duke nor thief said anything in reply, but laid the man in as
easy a posture as could be found for one with an ounce of lead clean
through him.  After this they went down to look at the other officer. He
was past doubt, and dead enough.  ’And now,’ said the Duke, ’even if we
bury these two, which Madame makes impossible, other devils will infest
the house, and in a few hours we shall be one and all lost to hope.’

"’There are the catacombs,’ said the thief, ’and nothing else. The
sooner we leave, the better our chances.  No one will follow us,

"’But shall we ever get out of these caves?’ said my mother.

"’To stay is certain death,’ returned Duke Philip.

"’And to fly by that great opening uncertain death,’ said the thief.  ’I
like better the uncertain.’

"’We will go,’ said my mother.

"Upon this the Duke bade us carry the utmost loads of wine and eatables
we could support. The thief packed baskets, and strung bottles of wine
and milk on cords so as to let them hang from our shoulders.  Each had
also a blanket, and we were thus pretty heavily loaded, but the thief
carried nearly as much as all the rest together.  The Duke sat down a
little while to reload his own arms and those taken from the dead guard,
and soon we followed one another through the great black hole in
mournful procession.  With one dim lantern flashing cones of light here
and there on the dripping, moldy walls, we went down a slope and along a
tunnel not broad enough for two to walk abreast.  At the first halt I
saw my mother whisper to Duke Philip, and soon after he gave to our
thief the sword and pistol of the dead guard. Before and behind us was
darkness.  We may have gone two hundred yards, the Duke urging haste,
when we came to a sharp turn in the tunnel, and stopped as if of one

"The Duke cried, ’Forward! March, boys!  A fine adventure, is n’t it?’
His cheerfulness put spirit into us all, and even the baby gave a little
laugh, as if pleased; but why babies laugh no man knows, nor woman
either.  As for the Duke, he nor we had the least idea of where we were
going.  As we started down the long stone corridor, the thief cried out,
’Wait a little. I am a fool!  A thief of my experience not to know
better!  Ye saints!  An empty bottle is not more stupid!’

"’Hold!’ cried the Duke, as the thief darted back up the tunnel.

"’Yes, Monsieur.’  But our thief made no pause, and was heard running
madly along the stone passage out of which we had just turned.
’_Peste!_’ said the Duke.  You will never see that rascal again.  He
will buy his own neck with ours.  We shall do well to push on and leave
no traces behind us.’

"’No,’ said my mother, as we stood staring after the man.  ’I know not
why he went, but he will come again.’  And so we waited, and some
fifteen minutes went by.  At last said Duke Philip, impatient, ’Did any
one ever trust a thief, Madame?  Pray remember at least that I am free
from blame.’  He was vexed.

"’A thief has been trusted before,’ said my mother, in her quiet way.

"’That was for the next world, not this one.  We shall regret.’

"’No,’ laughed the dear lady; ’for here he is, Duke.’

"He came in quick, almost breathless haste, and hardly able to say, ’Oh,
it was worth while, Madame.  I have the bag of gold we left, and that
brigand’s clothes.  That I should have left a bag of gold!  I of all

"’_Diantre!_’ cried the Duke. ’What do you want with the clothes?  Are
we about to start a rag-shop?  Come, we have lost time!’

"I heard our thief mutter as he fell in at the rear of the line, back of
us boys: ’He has no imagination, that Duke.  He would make no figure as
a thief. _Mon ami!_’ (that was to me), ’do you know the toughest job in
the world?’

"’No,’ I said, laughing.

"’To undress a gentleman who has departed this life.  He does n’t give
you the least assistance.’

"I stumbled on, and was thinking over this queer statement when the Duke
halted us in a broader place whence three stone passages led off at
various angles.

"’A _carrefour_, and which to follow?’ said the thief.

"’It cannot matter much,’ returned the Duke.  I thought he did not like
the thief’s assuming to take part in our counsels.  Just then a
tremendous noise like thunder broke over us, and rumbled away in strange
echoes down the stone alleys before us.

"’Ye saints!’ cried my mother, as a yet louder thunder resounded.  ’What
is that?’

"’We are under a street,’ said our thief.  ’It is the noise of wagons.’

"’That might be a guide,’ said my mother.

"’Of a truth, yes, Madame,’ exclaimed our thief.  But the Duke, taking
no notice, said, ’Let us take this road to the left.’  The thief said
nothing, but shouldered his load, and we went on as before.  It was no
time to argue; nor, indeed, did it seem to matter which way of the many
we chose, so we followed after our Duke, little conscious, we boys, of
the greatness of our peril.  I suppose we must have gone for ten minutes
along a narrowing tunnel, when my mother called back to us to stop, and
the Duke said, ’We are in a wet place.  But,’ he added, presently, ’it
is not deep; let us go on,’ and we started afresh.

"As we moved ankle-deep in water, a strange sound, like the fall of
something, broke out behind us, and a great rush of damp wind went by us
like a live thing.

"’Halloa!’ cried our thief. ’Keep still!’ and so saying, hid the lantern
under the skirt of his coat.  I was dreadfully scared, for these dark
caverns were full of mysterious noises. As yet we had heard none like
this which now we heard.  In the dark I seized the thief’s coat-tail for
company.  At intervals there were lesser noises, and when at last they
ceased, the Duke cried out, ’Heavens! What was that?’

"’I will see, Monsieur,’ said the thief.  ’I shall not go far.’  This
time the Duke made no remonstrance.  The thief was away not more than
five minutes.  He left the lantern beside my mother.

"’Well?’ said she, as he reappeared.

"’Madame,’ he answered, the tunnel from the wine-cellar has fallen in: a
great tumble of stone fills up all the way.’

"’And to go back is impossible,’ said the Duke.

"’Heaven has willed for us that we go on, and at least now no one can
pursue us,’ said my mother.

"’That is so,’ said the Duke; and we moved along, perceiving that the
way grew broader until we were standing in a space so great that no
walls could be seen.

"’And now where are we?’ said the Duke.  ’Light us another candle.’
When this was done, we saw that the great chamber, quarried out in past
centuries, was too vast to give us sight of all of it, or to enable us
to get a notion of its height. Close by us a mighty pyramid of bones of
men stood in the mid space, as if these had been cast down through some
opening overhead, but long since closed. These were the dead of hundreds
of years.  There was no odor of decay, but only a dull, musty smell,
like that of decayed cheese.  Here and there on this great pile were
faint tufts of bluish light, seen only where the lantern-light did not
chance to fall. I was just getting a little used to this horrible sight
when, as our steps disturbed the base of the pyramid, a good fourth of
it came rattling down with crash and clatter, and dozens of tumbled
skulls rolled by us and were lost to view in the darkness.  This noise
and movement alarmed not us alone; for scarce was it half over when
myriads of rats ran out from among the bones and fled away. This pretty
nearly made an end of my courage; and, indeed, these beasts were so big
and so many that had they been brave we should, I think, have fallen an
easy prey.

"My mother was trembling all over, as I could feel; but she laughed a
queer little laugh when François said it was a mercy they were not mice,
because ladies were afraid of these, but not, he had heard, of rats. As
we had been kept in motion, by this time we were across this woeful
space, and groping along the wall for a way out. Finding none, we went
back whence we came, and started afresh, taking the extreme righthand
passage, which seemed to lead, as we guessed, toward the Luxembourg.
Every few yards were ways to left or right, some hard to crawl through,
but most of such size that the Duke, a tall man, could walk in them
erect.  We saw no more bones, but rats in legions.  How they lived, who
can say?  They may have come from the cellars of houses overhead.  When
we crossed beneath streets, the immense noise of the vehicles told us
this much, but hours went by with no sound but the scamper of rats, or
the dull dripping of water from the roof.  In some places it was a
foul-smelling rain, and in one place a small rill fell down the wall and
ran off along the passage we were in.

"I do not know, Monsieur,"—and here the old gentleman, being next to me,
leaned over and laid a hand on my knee,—"I do not know how I can ever
make you or any one feel the increasing horror of day after day of
darkness.  When we walked, it was often with no light until the thief,
who kept touching the wall, would tell us there was a passage to the
right or left. Then we would light the candle and decide which way to

"This had been a sad day and full of more danger than we lads knew of,
and of many fears; but if the day was bad, the night I shall never
forget.  The Duke said it was seven o’clock, and time to eat.  We took
our rations eagerly enough, and then the thief wrapped up Henri and me
in blankets, and we two poor little dogs fell to discussing where we
were, and when we should get out.  At last we slept, and were awakened
only by the Duke’s shaking us.  We got up from our damp bed, pretty well
tired of our adventure.  But the Duke declared we should soon be out in
the air; and so, on this our seventh morning, we set forth again.  As
the thief had some positive notion of direction, and the Duke had none,
our good thief took the lead, and would have it that we boys should come
beside or after him. Except for his rattle of jokes and thieves’ slang
and queer stories well worth remembering, I think we boys would have
given out early on that weary day.

"My mother moved along, saying nothing, but the Duke now and then flung
a skeptical comment at our thief, who nevertheless kept on, insisting
that we must soon come into daylight.

"At last the Duke called a halt about five in the evening, and,
disheartened, in total silence we ate our meal.  We decided to go no
further until morning.  I drew Henri close up to me, and tucked in the
blankets and tried to sleep.  Unluckily, the water-drops fell thick, and
the rats were so bold and fierce that I was afraid.  Assuredly, they
lacked no courage, for during my brief lapses into slumber they stole
out of my coat pocket a bit of cheese, a biscuit, and a roll of twine.
Once the baby set up such a yell that the thief, who stayed on guard,
lit a candle, and then we saw that a rat had bitten the little fellow’s

"About six o’clock our thief called, ’Breakfast is served,’ and we
tumbled out of our covers, dazed.  ’The sun is up,’ said the thief, as
he lit the candle; and this was our eighth day since my father left us
shut in the cave. The candles were giving out, despite our most
economical care, and this day we ate in darkness.  I suppose this may
have upset me, since I began to have for the first time strange fears. I
wanted to keep touch of some one.  I thought I felt things go by me.  I
was afraid, and yet neither as a child nor as a man have I been called
timid. Indeed, I was not altogether sorry when the baby cried; and, as
the thief said, he cried very solid. Somehow I also felt that my mother
was growing weak, and was feeling the long strain of doubt and danger
and deep darkness.  Even the Duke grew downcast, or at least ceased from
his efforts to encourage my mother and to cheer up his son and me.  Our
thief alone never gave up.  He insisted on taking the child from my
mother, and crooned to it amazing lullabies. And to us he sang queer
ballads, and once, when we rested for two hours, he told us some
astonishing tales such as I shall some day delight to relate to you.
They were very queer stories, I assure you.

"When our sorry meal was over, and the wine was circulating hope with
our blood, our thief proposed to try to take those ways which seemed to
lead along under streets.  I do not see now why this should have seemed
desirable, but it did, and we were busy all that day following this
clue, if such it were, by waiting until we heard the sound of wagons.
It was time we got somewhere; for although we still had a fair allowance
of food, it was no more than would serve with economy for two days
longer. Still more alarming was it that our candles were giving out.

"About five that afternoon of July 28th we came to a full stop where a
long tunnel ended in a _cul-de-sac_.  It was a weary way back, and as
for us boys, we held on to one another and choked down our tears.  The
thief seemed to understand, for when we again got to the turn we had
last taken, he gave us in the dark a good dose of wine, and saying, as
he lit the lantern candle, ’Rest, Madame; I must see where now to go,’
he ran down the next alley of stone, and we heard the sound of his feet
until they were lost.  Overhead the rumble and roar of wagons were no
longer heard, and the stillness was as the darkness, complete.

"On the morning of the day before, these noises now and then shook down
small fragments of stone, to our great alarm.  Once the thief said, ’If
only a nice little house would drop down, and we could just go up-stairs
and walk out.’  In fact, many houses had thus fallen into these caves,
and it was by no means an impossible thing.  It served to season our
fears with a laugh; but since then the constant silence had made us hope
we were going out into the suburbs and toward some opening.  Alas! it
came not, and now when our thief left us we were so dispirited that for
a time no one said a word of his sudden departure.  Then the Duke,
seeming to understand how we felt, said, ’He will come back soon’; and
my mother, whose sweet hopefulness was sapped by this long fatigue,
answered, ’Or perhaps he will not.  God knows.’  Even I, a lad, heard
her with astonishment, because she was one who never doubted that all
things would come out right, and all people would do what they should.

"I liked our thief, and when an hour went by, and there was borne in on
me the idea that he had deserted us, I burst into tears.  Just as my
mother drew me to her, saying, ’Do not cry, my boy.  God will take care
of us,’ I heard our thief, beside me, cry cheerily, ’This way, Madame. I
will show you the light of day.’  As we heard him we all leaped up.  He
cried out, ’This way, and now to the left, Monsieur le Duc; and now this
way,’ and so through several alleys until he paused and said, ’See!  The
light of day,’ and certainly there was, a little way off, a pale
reflection against the gray stone wall beyond us.

"’I thought,’ said our thief, ’that as we turned into the _impasse_ I
felt a current of air.  I was not sure enough to speak, and I went just
now to see whence it came. We have gone under the Luxembourg or perhaps
Val-de-Grâce, and past the barrier.’  Then he explained that this
cross-passage, whence came the light, was short and tortuous, and was
partly blocked by debris; that it opened into a disused quarry; and that
it was beyond the city barrier. Upon this, it seemed needful to think
over what was best to be done when once we were out; but my mother
cried, ’Wait a little,’ and knelt down, as we all did, and said aloud a
sweet and thankful prayer for our safety, and concerning the thief God
had so strangely sent to help us in our extremity.

"As she ended, I looked at the man, and as we stood I saw that now the
rascal was shedding tears.  A moment later he passed his sleeve across
his eyes, and said: ’If it please you, Monsieur le Duc, let us go to the
opening and see more of the neighborhood.’  We went with them a little
way, and stood waiting.  It was so wonderful and so lovely to get a
glimpse even of the fading light of day!  It came straight up the cave
from the west.  We made no objection to being left alone, and just
stayed, as it were, feeding on the ruddy glare, and blinking at it like
young owlets. Every now and then my mother turned to St. Maur or me, and
smiled and nodded, as much as to say, ’We have light.’

"Before long they came back, and there was then a long talk of which we
did not hear all, but not for want of eager ears. This council of war
being over, François went back into the caves, and soon after returned
laughing, and dressed in the clothes of the unlucky municipal guard.

"’One must not criticize what one inherits,’ he said.  ’The pantaloons
are brief, and the waistcoat is of such vastness as I would choose to
wear to-day to a good dinner.’

"As the light was now quite good, I saw this comical figure as I had not
seen him before.  He was tall and gaunt, with a nose of unusual length,
and was very ruddy for so thin a man.  He seemed to be all the time on a
broad grin.  He looked queer enough, too, in the short pantaloons and
baggy waistcoat.

"’Now,’ he said, ’I am to tie the Duke’s hands behind his back.  He is,
you see, an aristocrat I am taking to Sainte Pélagie.  Madame his wife
and these children follow as I shall order.  Poor things! they do not
want to escape.’

"At this the Duke, whom most things amused, submitted to be tied, but
laughed heartily at the comedy, as he called it.

"’_Dieu!_’ said the thief.  ’This is an affair of all our lives.  See,
Monsieur; you have but to turn the wrist, and you are free, in case of

"The Duke, still smiling, promised to be a perfect and indignant
aristocrat, and our thief entreated us all to look as sorrowful as we
could.  Of this lesson, my mother, poor lady, had small need; but we
boys had recovered our spirits with sight of day, and when the thief
besought us and showed us how we were to look, we were seized with such
mirth that the Duke at last bade us understand that it was no laughing
matter, and we promised to act our parts. Finally we were made to fill
our pockets with the most of the gold found in the bag, and the rest the
Duke and my mother stowed away, while the thief took the Duke’s pistols,
and, leaving the others, girded on the dead man’s sword.

"’Now, guard yourselves,’ said the thief, as we went out of the
catacombs and across the debris of stone, stumbling, still unaccustomed
to the light, and so down a slope and around a pond in the middle of the
unused quarry.  On the far side a road led out between the broken walls
of stone.  Here the thief halted. ’Have you a handkerchief, Madame?’ he
said.  ’Use it. Weep if ever you did.  Never may tears be of so much use
again.  And you, lads, if you laugh we are as good as dead.’

"’What day is it?’ said my mother, and the tears were quite ready

"’It is July the twenty-eighth,’ answered the Duke.

"’Oh, no,’ said I.  ’Mama, it is the 10th Thermidor.’

"’That is better,’ said our thief.  ’Let us move on.’

"The quarry road opened into a lane, and here were market-gardens and
rare houses, and a deserted convent or two, and a network of crossways
through which François directed the Duke, who walked ahead, as if under
arrest.  We followed them anxiously beneath the ruddy evening sky,
wondering, as we went, to see scarce a soul.  The Rue d’Enfer was the
first street we came upon as we left the suburban lanes; but still it,
too, was deserted.  The Duke remarked on this singular absence of
people; but as we were now near a small cabaret François called out,
’Get along, aristocrat.’  The Duke said some wicked words, and we went
on.  A man came out of the café and cried after us: ’Family of the
guillotine! _À bas les aristocrats!_’ and would François have a _petit
verre_?  But our thief said no, he was on duty, and our comedy went on.

"It was necessary to pass the Barriere d’Enfer, where usually was a
guard and close scrutiny. To our surprise, there were but two men.  One
of them said.  ’Ah, Citizen, what have you here?’

"’Aristocrats under arrest—a _ci-devant_ duke.’

"’Have an eye to these,’ said the officer to his fellow; ’and you,
Citizen, come into the guardroom and register their names.’
’Certainly,’ said the thief, and we were set aside while he passed into
the room with the guard.  After some ten minutes he came out alone very
quietly, and said to the other guard, ’It is all correct and in order,
Citizen,’ waited to tease a black cat on the door-step, asked the hour,
and at last, giving the Duke a rude push, cried out, ’Get on there,
aristocrat!  I have no time to waste.’

"At this we moved away, and he hurried us along the Rue d’Enfer past the
Observatory.  A little further he struck hastily to the left into the
Rue Notre Dame des Champs.  By the Rue de Cimetière, along past the
Nouvelle Foire St. Germain, he hurried us, and hardly gave us leave to
breathe until we came out amongst the trampled gardens and tall alleys
of box back of the Luxembourg.  Never pausing, he wound in and out,
until by these roundabout ways he came forth into the Rue Vaugirard.  As
we went across the great ruined gardens, a few people scattered among
the parterres looked at us, as if curious, and whispered to one another.
Our thief was still in great haste.

"’Must I get you a grand carriage to help you?’ he cried.  ’Get on,
aristocrat!  Soon the Republic will give you a carriage; come along.
Make haste, or we are lost,’ he added in a lower voice.

"’What the deuce is it?’ said the Duke.  The thief’s uneasiness was
visible enough.

"’_Mille tonnerres_!  Duke,’ said the thief; ’that child of Satan at the
barrier knew me.’

"’And what then?’

"’Now he does not know me.’

"’_Mon Dieu!_’ exclaimed the Duke.  ’You are a brave _garçon_.’

"As we entered the Rue de Varennes, an old woman glared at the false
municipal, crying out, ’Thy day is over, accursed!’  She shook her fist
at him.  Not understanding, we hurried on.  As I looked back, her gray
hair was hanging about her; she stood at the wayside, shaking her
upraised hands.  I could not comprehend what it meant.

"Here, as we went on, for the first time we met great numbers of people,
all coming from the river.  A few were talking in suppressed voices; and
some, turning, stared after us as we went by.  Most were silent, as
folks not often are in France.  At one place it was not easy to get on
as fast as our thief desired.  In place of quickly making way for an
officer, as was usual in those days, the people in our path jostled the
municipal, or made room sullenly.  At last François cried out to some
young fellows who blocked our way, ’Let these suspects go by, citizens;
they are under arrest.’  This was like a spark to powder.  A woman cried
out, ’Poor children!  Are they yours, Citoyenne?’  My mother,
bewildered, said, ’Yes, yes.’  Then a young man near me shouted, ’Down
with tyrants!’  Our thief was puzzled.  ’Hold, there!’ he cried.  ’What
is this?’  ’Down with the Terror!  Robespierre is dead.’  And as if it
were a signal, the great crowd, ever increasing, cried out, ’He is dead!
Robespierre is dead!’

"In a moment we were pushed about and separated.  François, our thief,
was cuffed and kicked hither and thither.  The silence became an uproar
of wild cries. ’He is dead!  Robespierre is dead!’  It was a great
madness of release from fear, and a tumult of cries, sharp and hoarse—an
outburst of human emotion, sudden and strange to see.  Near me a woman
fell in a fit.  Men ran about yelling, ’He is dead!’  All was confusion
and tears and mad laughter, any one embracing the citizen next to him.
There were others who ran here and there through the crowd, jumping up
and down, or catching some woman and whirling her as if in a dance.  I
lost sight of the Duke, and Mama, and the thief, who kept hold of this
my friend; but no one of them all did I see again until late that night.

"As I was now where I knew my way, I went to and fro, afraid to ask
questions, until I got to the quay.  There I saw a lad of my own years,
and it being by this time quite near to dark, I felt that I had a good
chance to run at need.  ’Halloa!’ I said. ’I am a boy from the country.
What is the news?’

"’Oh, a fine sight, and you have missed it.  They have cut off the heads
of Robespierre and Henriot and twenty more.  He had nankeen breeches and
a blue coat, and my father says that is the end of the Terror.  You
ought to have got there three hours ago.  Chop—chop—like carrots.’

"Now I was old enough to have heard much of Robespierre, and to have
some idea of the great relief his death might mean.  So I thanked my
news-teller, and ran as fast as I could go to my home, in this present
house.  I stood, however, a moment, uneasy, at the opening of the long
covered way.  Of a sudden I screamed, for a man caught me by the arm.
_Mon Dieu_!  It was our neighbor, the charcutier opposite.

"He said, ’Have no fear, my lad.  Fear is dead to-day.  Get thee home;
they look for thee. Robespierre is dead.  _À bas les Jacobins!_’

"’And my father is here?’  I heard him cry, ’Yes,’ as he caught me up
and ran with me along the court, kissing me.  And there, at the door,
was my mama, and behind her Duke Philip and his son, and, to my joy, the
thief in short breeches.  There was much to say as to how my father had
made believe he was the Duke, to give us a chance to escape a search,
and how, long before the miscreant’s death, he had been released through
the help of Fouquier, and came home to find us all gone.  It was, in
fact, the day after we fled from the cave that he was put in possession
of his house.  When the municipal who went with him as a matter of form
came into the sitting-room where now we are, my father said, ’Wait and
let me give you a glass of good wine.  I will fetch it.’  So saying, he
took a lantern and went across the garden in deadly terror and anxiety,
not dreaming but what he would find us in the lower cave.  When he saw
the trap open in the floor of the plant-house, he was filled with dread,
and quickly descended to the upper wine-cellar.  There was the municipal
the Duke had wounded, lying dead in a great pool of blood and wine; for
the ball had gone through him and tapped a great cask of wine, of which,
indeed, I think I spoke. My father then opened the trap in the floor of
the cellar, and went down the steps.  A great wind came through the
opening in the wall, to his surprise.  He called, but none answered.  At
the foot of the stone stair lay the naked body of the municipal whom the
Duke killed outright with his first pistol.  Imagine my father’s
perplexity on finding the gap in the wall leading into the great dark
labyrinth of the catacombs, and the rush of damp, malodorous air, and
the black gulf beyond, and the answerless silence when he called.

"He came up at once with a bottle, and made fast the traps and covered
them with rubbish. Then he gave the officer his drink and a handful of
assignats, which may have been five francs, and after that sat down to
think.  _Eh bien!_ it is a long tale, and here comes supper.

"Another day you shall hear how my father carried the dead officers into
the catacombs and left them there, and of two dangerous quests he made
in those caves in search of us, and of a strange adventure which befell
him.  On Sunday week come and dine, and hear it all."

"It is most interesting," I said.

"And this is the house, and we were in the cave," said Pierce.

"And," said I, "that was your mother’s glove we saw moldering on the
cask, where she left it?"

"Yes.  A few years ago we found in a corner the baby’s rattle.  The
little fellow died last June, an old man, and the mother and the good,
brave Duke are gone.  And now you will sup with his son and grandson."

"Ah," exclaimed young St. Maur.  "Here is François and supper."  Upon
this the long, lean man who had admitted us said, "Monsieur is served.
I shall carry in the wine."  And he added, to me, "Monsieur may have let
fall his handkerchief," and, so saying, he returned it, lying on a
salver.  Upon this the Duke and the rest of them laughed outright, but
made haste to explain at once.

"François," said Des Illes, "will you never be old enough to acquire a
little virtue?  My dear M. Michel, we have had our good thief François
with us all these days, ever since that adventure in the cave.  He has
money in bank, but to steal a handkerchief now and then he cannot
resist.  I must say, he always returns it."

"Monsieur will have his little jest," said François.  "The supper
waits."  With this he left us.

"What a delightful character!" said Pierce.  "And did he really pick my
friend’s pocket?"

"Assuredly," said the Duke. "For many years he used now and then to ask
a holiday.  He commonly came back rather forlorn, and apt for a while to
keep the house and be shy of gendarmes.  It was our belief that he went
off to get a little amusement in his old fashion.  I suspect that he got
into serious trouble once, but Des Illes is secretive."

"And how old is he?" said I.

"That no man knows," returned our host, rising.  "To be asked his age is
the one thing on earth known to annoy him. He says time is the only
thief without honor among other thieves."

"Queer, that," said I, as our host rose.  "The old have commonly a
strange pride in their age."

"I have none," laughed the Duke.

"This way," said Des Illes, and we followed him into a pretty
dining-room, and sat down below a half-dozen canvases of men and women
of the days of the Regency.

It was a delightful little supper, with clarets of amazing age and in
perfect condition. Toward the close, Des Illes retired for a few minutes
to add the last charm to what the younger St. Maur called the toilette
of the salad.  When we had praised it and disposed of it, Des Illes said
to me: "Monsieur, our good fortune has brought you here to-night, on the
evening when once in each year we sup together in the mourning costume
which may have excited your curiosity."

To this we both confessed, and Des Illes added: "On this day we, who are
among the few who remember the Terror, meet because it is January the
twenty-first.  On this day died Louis Sixteenth.  You will join us, I
trust, in a glass of older wine in remembrance of our dead King."  Thus
speaking, he rose and himself took from the mantel-shelf a bottle.  "It
is of the vintage of 1793, an old Burgundy. Its name I do not know, but,
as you see, each bottle was marked by my father with a black ribbon."

Standing beside me, he filled our glasses, the Duke’s, that of St. Maur,
and last his own.  Pierce and I rose with the rest.  The Duke said, "The
King, to his memory."  and threw the glass over his shoulder, that no
meaner toast might be drunk from it.  I glanced at Pierce, and we did as
they had done.

"It shows its age."  said Des Illes, "but still holds its bouquet.

"One would scarce know it for the wine we knew when it and we were
young," said the Duke.

"Know it?" said Des Illes. "Ah me, dear Duke, if you yourself, aged
twenty-five, were to walk in just now and say, ’_Bon jour_, Duke, how is
myself,’ would you know him, think you?"

"_Pardie_, my friend; you have ghostly fancies.  Give us some younger
wine and a gayer jest."

"With all my heart," said Des Illes.

"Let it be the Clos Vougeot of ’20," said the younger St. Maur.  "It was
with that wonderful vintage that I made my first entry into the highest
society of the great wines."

"A fine seigneur is that," said Des Illes.

"It reminds me rather of some grande dame," returned St. Maur.  "There
is something haughty about the refinement of a high-caste Burgundy: a
combination of decisive individual quality with good manners."

"How pretty that is!" said Pierce.  "The good manners of a wine!"

"And is n’t champagne just a bit like a grisette?" laughed the Duke.
"But a Margaux like this, or the Romance I see yonder, are grandees, as
my friend has said; and there might be more to say of them, but I leave
the rest to your fancy.  A little more Burgundy, Monsieur?"

As is, alas, true concerning most of the pleasant meals I remember, I
can recall but faint reminiscences of the bright talk of that memorable

The younger St. Maur told us a pretty story of a vineyard wooing; a
thing so delicate and idyllic that I shall not dare to take it out of
its social frame for you. Later, Des Illes stood up and in a queer,
creaky tenor sang (and by no means ill) the song the girls sing when
they trample out the juice of the grapes in the great vats.  Upon this
Pierce quoted:

    Pink feet that bruise
    The gold-green grapes of Andalouse.

I rashly tried to put it into French, and was much complimented upon
what I knew to be a sorry failure.

I have a misty recollection of what came after, of old-time jests, of
levities as to the Corsican, and, too, a pretty story the Duke told us
of the fairy vineyards near to Dijon, which only a woman who loves has
ever seen.  I seem now, as I write of this delightful night, to see it
all again: the little old gentleman; the clear-cut face of the Duke; his
son, cynical and handsome; the sheen of jet; the somber, picturesque
dresses; thief François behind Des Illes’s chair, ruddy, gaunt, not less
than ninety, with a smile of the same age.  As I try to recall it, I
remember—do I remember?—the flavor of that Clos Vougeot, and hear again
the courteous voice of the Duke: "A little more Burgundy, Monsieur?"

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