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Title: Harper's Young People, July 19, 1881 - An Illustrated Weekly
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, July 19, 1881 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.


       *       *       *       *       *


Tuesday, July 19, 1881. Copyright, 1881, by HARPER & BROTHERS. $1.50 per
Year, in Advance.

       *       *       *       *       *




When the young Prince Charles Edward, grandson of James II., King of
Great Britain, landed in Scotland in 1745, and claimed his right to the
throne from which his grandfather had been driven, thousands of
Scotchmen, regarding him as their lawful sovereign, joined him in
fighting for the British crown. He fought, was defeated, and became a
hiding fugitive on the island of Uist, one of the Hebrides, off the west
coast of Scotland, and was assisted in making his escape to France by
Flora Macdonald, a beautiful, patriotic, and romantic Scotch girl, just
from school in Edinburgh, come to visit her kinsman, Laird Macdonald,
the chief of Uist.

Laird and Lady Macdonald were friends of the Prince, and were trying to
hide him from the searching eyes of British soldiers, who swarmed on the
island in quest of him. They could not shield him much longer. Lady
Macdonald conceived a plan for the Prince's escape, but found no man
willing to undertake the perilous enterprise. Her young kinswoman Flora
spoke scornfully of the timidity that held back her countrymen from such
a patriotic and benevolent task.

"Will _you_ undertake it, Flora?" asked Lady Macdonald, perceiving the
young girl's zeal and patriotism.

"Indeed I will," quickly responded Flora.

Preparations were immediately made for the romantic enterprise. Neil
Macdonald, a young kinsman of Flora, volunteered to accompany her. She
obtained a passport to leave the island with Neil, and three others as
a boat's crew, and Betsey Burke, a stout Irishwoman whom Flora pretended
she had engaged as a seamstress for her mother in the isle of Skye.

Flora and her little party left Uist on a pleasant afternoon. Betsey
Burke was the Prince in disguise. That night they weathered a terrific
storm, and reached Skye in safety in the morning. At the intended
landing-place they were confronted by soldiers, when, turning quickly
eastward, they escaped a volley of bullets sent after them, and landed
near the house of Sir Alexander Macdonald. Leaving the Prince concealed
among the rocks, Flora told her secret in the willing ears of Lady
Macdonald, who furnished an escort for the party, including stout Betsey
Burke, to the Laird of Kingsburg (who was also a Macdonald). Flora had
conducted the young Prince as an Irish seamstress through crowds of
soldiers and people who were searching for him. The travellers tarried
at the house of the Laird of Kingsburg that night, and the next morning
Prince Charles Edward embarked for a successful voyage to France. As he
was about to leave he kissed his fair deliverer, and said, "Gentle,
faithful maiden, I entertain the hope that we shall yet meet in the
royal palace."

The Prince and Flora never saw each other again. Her young kinsman, Neil
Macdonald, accompanied Charles Edward to France, married there, and his
son, born four years before Napoleon Bonaparte, became that great
military leader's famous Marshal Macdonald, and Duke of Tarentum.

The part that Flora had taken in the escape of the Prince soon became
known, and she, with the Laird of Kingsburg and other kindred, was
confined in the Tower of London as a prisoner of state, charged with the
crime of treason. Flora's romantic story, and her extreme youth and
radiant beauty, created almost universal sympathy for her among every
class of the English people. When George II. asked her, sternly, "How
could you dare to succor the enemy of my crown and kingdom?" she
replied, with sweet simplicity, "It was no more than I would have done
for your Majesty had you been in his place."

It was so evident that Flora was not a political partisan of the "young
Pretender," as he was called (she was not of his religious faith), and
that she had acted from the generous and benevolent impulses of a
woman's heart, that she and her kindred were pardoned and released.
While she remained in London she attracted great attention. Crowds of
the nobility and gentry of both sexes visited her, and bestowed upon her
costly presents; and the government sent her home in a handsome chaise,
accompanied by a fellow-prisoner, Malcolm McLeod, who afterward said, "I
went to London to be hanged, and returned to Scotland in a chaise and
four with Flora Macdonald."

Flora afterward married Allan, son of the Laird of Kingsburg, and became
the mistress of the mansion where Prince Charles Edward passed his last
night in Scotland, June 29, 1746. There she and her husband entertained
Dr. Johnson and Boswell when they visited the Hebrides in 1773. She had
then been a wife more than twenty years, and was the mother of numerous
children, yet she was still beautiful, and full of enthusiasm and
abiding loyalty to the British crown. Misfortune caused Flora and her
family to join some of their kindred who had settled in North Carolina,
and she abode for a while at Cross Creek (now Fayetteville).

In the winter of 1849 I started to follow the line of the retreat of
General Greene before Cornwallis across North Carolina from the Catawba
to the Dan, in 1781, but soon turned eastward to Fayetteville, where I
arrived toward sunset. In the evening I called on Mrs. McL----, an aged
and sprightly Scotchwoman, who, I was told, remembered Flora Macdonald.
She was enthusiastic in her praises of that noble woman from the
Hebrides. She described her as "not very tall, but a very handsome and
dignified woman, with fair complexion, sparkling blue eyes, the finest
teeth ever seen, and her hair, partly covered with a pretty lace cap,
was slightly streaked with gray. Her kindly voice was sweetest music,"
continued Mrs. McL----, "and oh, how the poor and the church missed her
when she went home after seeing much trouble here!"

"Is her dwelling here yet standing?" I asked.

"No; it was partly burned in the great fire here about twenty years ago.
As you pass from the Market-House to the Court-House, you may see the
ruins of it near the creek," she said.

Stepping to a quaint chest of drawers, Mrs. McL---- took out a
dingy-looking letter written by Flora to her (Mrs. McL----'s) elder
sister, then a maiden, of twenty, dated February 1, 1776. It was a brief
note, but an exceedingly interesting one, as it was in the bold
handwriting of the heroine of Skye.

"It was sent," said the old lady, "from her new home in the Barbacue
Congregation, and, as you will see, she wrote her name 'Flory.'"

"Then she did not live here long?" I said.

"No; she soon moved to the Barbacue Congregation, about twenty miles
north of here."

On the day when that note was written, the royal Governor of North
Carolina issued a proclamation calling upon all friends of the King to
assemble, with arms, at Cross Creek, and join his standard. The
Macdonalds were all loyalists, and now the troubles of Flora in North
Carolina began. Her husband and others, to the number of about fifteen
hundred, mostly Scotchmen, readily obeyed the call.

"Flora came with her husband and friends," said Mrs. McL----. "I
remember seeing her riding along the line on a large white horse, and
encouraging her countrymen to be faithful to the King. Why, she looked
like a queen. But she went no further than here, and when they marched
away, she returned to her home."

Nearly a month later these Scotch loyalists were routed, dispersed, made
prisoners, or killed in battle on Moore's Creek. Flora's husband was
among the prisoners, and was sent to Halifax jail. He was soon afterward
released, when he left North Carolina with his family for Scotland in a
British sloop of war. On the way the vessel was attacked by a French
vessel of war. The courage of the English sailors appeared to desert
them, and capture seemed inevitable, when Flora ascended to the deck,
and by words and deeds so stimulated their spirits that they beat off
the enemy, and the Macdonalds were landed safely on their native soil of
Skye. During the engagement Flora was severely wounded in the hand. She
said, sometimes, when speaking of the peculiarity of her situation. "I
have hazarded my life both for the house of Stuart and the house of
Hanover, and I do not see that I am a great gainer by it."

Flora Macdonald was the mother of five sons and two daughters. She
retained much of her beauty and all her dignity and loveliness of
character until the last. She was always modest, always kind, always
sweet and benevolent in disposition. She died early in March, 1790, and
was buried in the cemetery of Kilmuir, in the isle of Skye. Her shroud,
as she requested long before her death, was made of the sheets in which
Prince Charles Edward reposed on the night he slept at Kingsburg. Her
funeral was attended by fully three thousand persons. Two years later
the remains of her husband were laid by her side. For eighty years their
resting-place was covered only by the greensward. In 1871 a beautiful
monument was erected over them.

"When the news of Flora Macdonald's death reached the Barbacue
Congregation," said Mrs. McL----, "a solemn funeral service was held in
the church there, when Dr. Hall, who died in 1826, in the eighty-second
year of his age, preached the sermon. He had been a military leader as
well as a preacher of righteousness. My husband was then an elder in the
church, and we were both present. Flora Macdonald had no more sincere
mourners than were found in the Barbacue Congregation at that time."



  Oh, Robin, my Robin, so clever and merry,
  Pray why do you never peck twice at a cherry?
  You fly at the daintiest one you can see,
  Eat a morsel yourself, and just spoil it for me.

  Oh, Robin, sweet Robin, you dear little warden,
  You're welcome to feast on the fruit in my garden:
  I know what invaders you're driving away
  From flower and tree through the long summer day.

  But, Robin, bright Robin, please listen to reason:
  You waste lots of cherries, my pet, every season.
  _I_ finish my cake to the very last crumb--
  Why can not you finish your cherry or plum?



Once upon a time a poor boy, the son of a widow, went out to gather
strawberries. He well knew the paths of the forest, and the place where
the berries grew thickest and sweetest. Very soon his joyful cry was

      "Hello, hello Ziegaleck!
  Ich hoa mei Tippla Bodendeck!"

And as he gathered the ripe fruit, he sang in merry tones:

      "Hello, hello, Koalb!
  Ich hoa mei Tippla hoalb!
      Hello, hello Kuhl!
  Ich hoa mei Tippla vuhl!"

Soon his earthen dish was full, and the boy started for home. As he
turned his steps into the narrow path, he heard from the rocky side of
the pathway a voice saying in entreating tones, "Pray give me thy

The lad turned in fright, and saw a little old man with a long gray
beard, and worn, faded garments, who looked kindly upon him as he
repeated, "Pray give me thy berries."

"But," said the lad, "I must take the berries to my mother, who is
obliged to sell them to buy us bread."

"And I," said the little old man, "have a sick wife at home, who would
be greatly comforted and refreshed by them."

The lad's heart was filled with pity. He thought to himself, "I will
give him the berries for his sick wife, and if I am industrious, I can
again fill my dish before night-fall." Then he said to the little man:
"Yes, you may have them. Where shall I empty them for you?"

"We will exchange dishes," was the answer. "See, you may have mine,
which is empty, and I will take yours, which is filled. Mine is
brand-new, but no matter."

Thereupon the lad gave the little old man his berries, and received in
return the new but empty vessel; and the gray-bearded man with a smile
uttered his thanks.

The boy took the dish, and hastened back to the forest. Soon he came to
the place where the berries grew thickest and sweetest, and having
replenished his store, again joyfully turned his steps homeward.

When he arrived at home he related to his mother what had happened to
him in the forest, and with delight displayed the new dish. The mother
commended her son for the kindness he had manifested toward the little
man, then took the vessel in her hand, and examined it carefully.

"Ah! happy are we, my child!" she exclaimed. "The dish is pure gold. See
how it sparkles! It is the little old man of the forest who has thus
rewarded you for your goodness. Now, thanks to him, we are rich; but we
will never forget the poor and the sick in their sorrow."



If grown-up folks and young people who are desirous of becoming
acquainted with the marine wonder-land of Coney Island will take a
stroll along the beach, starting from the Iron Tower and proceeding a
mile toward Norton's Point, I'll promise them that their constant
exclamations will be, "I wonder what it is!" as they meet with one after
another of the many curious marine objects that are to be found along
the two upper lines of drift.

For years I have seen visitors (both old and young) on the island poke
at and destroy with their canes, sticks, and wooden shovels hundreds of
beautiful and interesting objects that had been cast up by the ocean, in
their efforts to determine what they were.

Some time ago I visited the island for the special purpose of writing up
and illustrating some of the most common objects that can be obtained in
an hour or two's' collecting.

[Illustration: Fig. 1.--SERTULARIA.]

One of the handsomest and most abundant of all sertularians to be found
on the island is shown in Fig. 1. Sertularians consist of hydroid
communities which build up the beautiful structure shown in the
illustration, which is generally called by excursionists "sea-moss" and
sea-weed, though it is not a moss at all, nor is it a sea-weed, but is
an animal product built up by immense numbers of minute and beautifully
formed creatures known to naturalists as hydroids. From these hydroids
are created the transparent jelly-fish we see floating in the ocean.
After gathering the sertularia it should be washed in warm soap suds to
clean it; when nearly dry it can be pressed in the leaves of a book just
as ferns are treated. I have often gathered it on the island two feet
long, and have used it with evergreens for Christmas decorations. It is
said to be an excellent material for canaries when building their nests,
as it contains both salt and lime.

[Illustration: Fig. 2.--KING-CRAB.]

Fig. 2 is the horseshoe-crab, also called the king-crab, from the fact
of its being the largest of all crabs on our coast. This crab is common
on sandy shores, where it partially buries itself below the surface of
the sand when in search of food. In the illustration is shown the egg of
the king-crab one-third larger than life. Some few days before the egg
of the crab hatches out, the young crab is seen tumbling about inside of
the transparent shell of the egg. King-crabs lay their eggs in the sand
on sand-bars that are exposed to the action of the sun during the low

[Illustration: Fig. 3.--SQUID.]

Fig. 3 is the squid, also called the ink-pot, from the fact that when in
danger he ejects a stream of ink-like fluid, which forms a black cloud
in the water about him; through this he escapes from his enemies.

[Illustration: Fig. 4.--EGG CLUSTER OF SQUID.]

Fig. 4 is a cluster of squid eggs. The egg masses of the squid are
always to be found on the island during the months of May and June. The
eggs are inclosed in an elongated pod-shaped mass of jelly which, when
held up to the light, reveals the outline of a number of small
translucent eggs of a light yellow color. From fifty to one hundred of
the pod-shaped jelly masses occur in one cluster. The great wonder is
how one small squid can lay so great a mass of eggs.

[Illustration: Fig. 5.--NATICA.]

Fig. 5 is one of the commonest shells on Coney Island, particularly
after a storm, and is known as the natica. It lives on the sand-bars
below low-water mark, where it feeds on the surf or skimmer clam by
boring a hole through the hard shell of the clam with its tongue, which
is coated with numerous fine teeth.

[Illustration: Fig. 6.--NATICA EGG CASE.]

Fig. 6 is the egg case of the natica, of which thousands are cast on the
shore every summer. This egg case is often known as the "mermaid
collar," on account of its striking resemblance to a collar. This
curious object is composed of grains of white and black sand fastened
together with a soft and transparent glue, of which the natica seems to
possess a very large supply. How the collar is so regularly and smoothly
formed out of the sand is still a mystery to naturalists.

[Illustration: Fig. 7.--CONEY ISLAND SKIMMER CLAM.]

Fig. 7 is the skimmer clam, or surf clam; it is to be found on the
entire length of the outside beach of Coney Island where the water is
clear, and exposed to the constant action of the waves. There it
constructs a burrow two or three feet deep. Sometimes, after an
unusually low tide, it is left exposed one or two inches above the sand,
when, if cautiously approached, it may be drawn out with a sudden jerk,
but if alarmed, it will penetrate the sand quicker than it can be
followed. Thousands of these clams are taken home by visitors to the
island for the purpose of cooking, but when opened are found to be so
full of fine sand that they are useless. It received the name of skimmer
clam from the Dutch settlers, who used the empty shells for skimming
their milk. On the beak, or highest point of the shell, is shown (in the
drawing) a round hole made by the natica.

[Illustration: Fig. 8.--EGG OF SKATE.]

Fig. 8 is the egg of our common skate; the four hair-like appendages
attached to the sides are tangles composed of a fine silk-like material.
The skate, after laying an egg, takes it in her mouth and carries it to
the nearest broken oyster or clam shell, and entangles or fastens it by
means of the silk-like appendages, otherwise it would be driven ashore
on the first storm.

[Illustration: Fig. 9.--EGGS OF WHELK.]

Fig. 9 is a mass of the eggs of the whelk, one of our deep-water
shell-fish, the empty shell of which is seldom cast on the Coney Island
shore, but the masses of eggs come ashore in large quantities,
particularly after storms, when they are broken from their stone

[Illustration: Fig. 10.--EGGS OF PERIWINKLE.]

Fig. 10 is a string of the egg cases of the periwinkle shell, which is
one of the largest shells inhabiting the waters of Coney Island. The
eggs are contained in a soft leathery case of a light yellow color,
about the size of a two-cent piece, but much thicker. Each case contains
from one hundred and fifty to two hundred eggs. These strings of eggs
vary from one to two feet in length.

[Begun in No. 80 of HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE, May 10.]





Charley, leaving his companions near the fore-rigging, went out and
loosed the jib and flying-jib, and when this was done, returned and
showed them where the halyards were. The flying-jib was hoisted without
much difficulty, but the jib was heavier, and the boys found it
necessary to take the halyards to a "gypsy," which is something like a
small windlass, with the aid of which the obstinate sail was soon
hoisted. The sheets were then trimmed flat, and the pressure of the wind
on the sails forced the brig's head around so that she no longer lay
with her broadside to the wind and sea. The foretopmast stay-sail had
evidently been set during the gale, for it had been blown away, and
nothing remained of it but a few shreds clinging to the bolt-ropes.

Charley next went aloft and loosed the foretopsail. The brig was an
old-fashioned affair, and had the old-fashioned single topsails, so the
sail was rather a large one for four boys to handle. They, however,
succeeded in sheeting it home, and then, with the help of the "gypsy,"
managed to hoist the yard. All the yards had been squared before the
brig was abandoned, and she had swung around so far that the topsail
filled, after a fashion, as soon as it was set. Sending Joe aft to the
wheel, and telling him to keep the brig directly before the wind,
Charley again went aloft and loosed the fore-top-gallant-sail, which was
small enough to be sheeted home and hoisted up by Charley, Tom, and
Harry, without Joe's help. With the help of these two sails, the vessel
began to move slowly through the water. Her rate of speed was certainly
not very great, but it was sufficient to give steerage-way to her--at
least so Charley thought. But as the brig showed a great apparent
unwillingness to keep on her course, and acted very much like a drunken
man who staggers from one side of the pavement to the other, he went aft
to see what was the matter.

"I'm glad you've come," said Joe. "I'm afraid I don't exactly understand
steering with the wheel. Which way do you turn it if you want her head
to turn to starboard?"

"You roll the wheel over to starboard, and that ports the helm," replied

"Then I've been doing just the opposite," exclaimed Joe, "and that's the
reason why I couldn't do anything with her. It's lucky I found out what
was the matter before any harm was done."

"I'll come back presently," said Charley, "and give you a lesson in
steering. I must go now and try to get the foresail on her."

The foresail was set after a long struggle. The breeze was now very
light, but the three square sails drew well, and the brig was certainly
making a full knot an hour. The jib and flying-jib were of course of no
use now that the vessel was directly before the wind, but Charley
decided to let them alone, as they were doing no harm, and as a slight
change in the direction of the wind would bring them into use again. The
boys were now so tired that they decided to rest and have something to
eat before resuming work.

A search for provisions did not prove very successful. There was a lot
of dried cod-fish in a box in the maintop, where nobody but Charley
would have dreamed of looking for it, and there was salt beef of very
uninviting appearance in the harness-cask near the foremast. In the
galley were a few biscuits, which did not appear to have been spoiled by
sea-water, but there was nothing else to eat on board the vessel. Below
the deck, the brig seemed to be nearly full of water--so full, at least,
that there was no possibility of going below. As nobody was anxious to
eat dried cod-fish or raw salt beef, Harry said he would go on board the
_Ghost_ and bring a supply of provisions that would give the boys a
comfortable lunch.

He went to the main-chains, to which the rope that held the _Ghost_ had
been made fast, but to his surprise it was not there. Thinking that he
had made a mistake, and looked on the wrong side of the vessel, he
turned to cross the deck. As he did so, he uttered a cry that startled
his companions. "The _Ghost_ has gone!" he cried. "There she is, a mile
astern." She had not been fastened securely, and had gone adrift while
the boys were making sail.

"We must turn right back and get her," exclaimed Harry. "Don't let's
lose a minute's time."

"Can we go back after her?" asked Tom.

Charley thought a moment, and answered: "We can't. That is, I don't
think it's possible."

"Why not?" asked Harry.

"We'll try it; but there's very little wind, and I don't believe we can
beat to windward with this water-logged craft, especially as she hasn't
any maintopsail. Run forward, boys, and let go the fore-top-gallant
halyards, and then try to haul up the foresail. I'll have to come,
though, and show you where the ropes are."


The foresail was brailed up, and the head-sheets were let go, and then
Charley ran aloft as quick as he could, and loosed the
main-top-gallant-sail, which the boys set as well as they could with the
topsail-yard down on the cap. They then set the spanker, and hoisted the
maintopmast stay-sail.

"Now come with me," said Charley, "and we'll see if we can brace the
head-yards up." They hauled at the port forebrace with all their might,
but found they could only swing the yard a short distance. "It's
perfectly hopeless, boys," said Charley. "We can't do it."

"Can't we take the rope to the gypsy or the capstan?" said Harry. "I'm
sure we could get the yard round then."

"Perhaps we could," answered Charley, "but we can never tack the brig in
that way. It would take us an hour every time, and then it would be of
no use. We must give the _Ghost_ up, for it's an absolute impossibility
for us to work this vessel two miles to windward, and we are at least
two miles from the _Ghost_ now. However, we'll brace the yards up a
little, and steer her a little more north. All the sails will draw then,
and we'll get on a little faster."

With infinite labor the yards were braced up by taking all the lower and
topsail braces to the capstan. The fore-top-gallant-yard was once more
hoisted, and the foresail set. Joe was told to keep her N.N.W., and with
all the sails drawing, she really made a visible wake in the water. The
_Ghost_ gradually faded from sight until she completely vanished.

Harry went aloft to the maintop and brought down a cod-fish, on which
the boys made what was either a late dinner or an early supper. They
were so hungry that it did not taste bad, and they agreed that there
might be worse things than dried cod-fish eaten raw. Charley hurried
through with his meal, for he was anxious to make preparations for the
night. He found that there was oil enough in the brig's lamps to burn
during one night, and he trimmed them and made them ready for lighting.
He went aloft to the main-royal-yard and looked for land, but he could
see none, and there was not a sail in sight except two that were dimly
visible on the far horizon. Then he came down, and finding that he had
some matches in his pocket, he took a big knife that he found in the
galley, split up a shelf, and started a fire, with which he meant to
boil a piece of beef. The decks had been quite dry ever since the brig
had been got before the wind, and the sea was going down every hour.
There was nothing more that the young Captain could do for the safety of
the vessel which had so strangely come under his command.

As he went aft to where the boys were gathered around the wheel, Tom
said to him: "Charley, I know it is my fault that we lost the boat. I
thought I had her fast, so that it was impossible for her to get away,
but I didn't."

"I am the one that is most to blame," replied Charley. "I induced you
all to stay on the brig, instead of taking the compass and going about
our business. But there's no use in worrying ourselves about what can't
be helped."

"Do you really think now that we can get her into port?" demanded Harry.

"I think it depends entirely on the wind. If the wind continues to be
fair, and especially if it freshens a little, I believe we can't help
getting her as far as Sandy Hook, or somewhere, within hail of a
steam-tug. We can't be more than thirty or thirty-five miles from land,
and as soon as we get a little nearer the coast, we shall be right in
the track of the European steam-ships."

"Is there any danger of her sinking?" asked Tom.

"Not for a long while yet. We ought to keep a signal of distress flying,
though, for I'd like to have some vessel lend us two or three men to
help us work her. Look in that locker aft of the wheel, Tom, and see if
there isn't an ensign in it."

Tom looked as directed, and found a French flag.

"Now I'd like to know," said Charley, in a disgusted tone of voice, "how
we can set a French ensign upside down. It's a sign of distress to set
our ensign union down, but this thing hasn't any union. We'll have to
hoist it half way up, and I suppose that will look mournful enough to
attract anybody's attention. What I'm afraid of," continued Charley, "is
that the wind will change, and come out ahead. It's very light, and it
keeps shifting back and forth three or four points, as if it didn't know
its own mind. However, if we do have a headwind, somebody will take us
off the brig, and carry us to New York."

"I'm not complaining, I want you to understand," remarked Joe. "I'm
perfectly dry, and I never complain unless I'm wet. But if I'm to do all
the steering, I'd like to know it beforehand."

"I beg your pardon, Joe," exclaimed Charley. "I forgot that you've been
at the wheel nearly four hours. Tom, will you take the wheel, while I
hoist the ensign and attend to a few other little things?"

Tom took the wheel, and Joe explained to him the difference between
steering with a wheel and steering with a tiller. After setting the
ensign, Charley went forward and lighted the side lights. Then he put a
piece of beef in the kettle to boil, and split up the cook's bench with
which to replenish the fire. Finally he coiled all the halyards down on
deck, so that there would be no trouble in letting them go in a hurry,
and then he rejoined his companions.

"We have had no regular watches to-day," he remarked, "for we had to
have all hands on deck to make sail. It's now nearly eight o'clock, and
as everything seems all right, Joe and I will turn in till twelve
o'clock. You will steer, Tom, while Harry will go forward, and keep a
look-out. Do you know how to strike the hours on the bell?"

"I learned that long ago," replied Tom.

"Then take my watch, and strike the bell every half-hour. Harry, when
you hear four bells, come aft and take the wheel, and let Tom go on the
look-out. By-the-bye, I forgot about the binnacle lamp."

There proved to be plenty of oil in it, and it was soon trimmed and
lighted. Charley noticed that the brig was heading nearly west.

"The wind is getting round," he said, rather gloomily, "and I'm afraid
we shall have it back in the northwest again. Boys, we've got to brace
the yards up before anybody turns in."

This time the yards were braced up as sharp as the boys could brace
them, and a full hour was consumed in this hard labor. It was now
possible to keep the brig nearly on her course; but knowing that the
wind would probably go still further around, Charley told Tom not to
trouble himself about the compass, but to keep her as close to the wind
as possible, and to call him in case the wind should get into the
northwest. At nine o'clock Charley and Joe went into the galley, and
lying down near the fire, went to sleep.

At twelve o'clock the starboard watch was called. The wind was now
unmistakably ahead, and the brig was heading nearly southwest. Tom
explained that he had been able to keep her heading nearly west until
about half past eleven, and that he had not thought it worth while to
deprive Charley of half an hour of sleep by calling him before twelve.
Charley thanked him, but gently reminded him that he had been ordered to
call the Captain the moment the wind got into the northwest, and that it
was his duty to obey orders strictly.

"I shall want you and Harry to help brail up the top-gallant-sails,"
said Charley. "As long as we can't keep our course, we don't want to
carry any more sail than is necessary. We'll haul down the flying-jib,
and haul up the top-gallant-sails, but we won't try to furl them till

The top-gallant yards were dropped and squared, and the sails brailed
up. Charley went out and furled the flying-jib, and then Tom and Harry
went into the galley to sleep. Joe took his station on the forecastle,
where he walked up and down to keep himself awake, and Charley was left
alone at the wheel.

The more he thought the matter over, the more he was convinced that he
had not been rash in undertaking to navigate the brig. Had the wind
continued fair, the boys could almost certainly have brought her near
enough to Sandy Hook to meet a steam-tug. Could they have succeeded in
this, they would have made a large sum of money, perhaps as much as
eight or ten thousand dollars, and Charley himself would have gained a
great deal of credit in the eyes of his naval superiors. The brig,
water-logged as she was, seemed to be about as safe as the leaky
_Ghost_, and there was much more chance that the brig would be seen by
some passing vessel, and her crew taken off, than there was that so
small a boat as the _Ghost_ would meet with help. Unfortunately the
change in the wind had made it apparently impossible for the boys to
bring the brig into port; but Charley felt sure that in the course of
the next day they would be taken off in case they wanted to abandon her.
So finding that his conscience acquitted him of having rashly led his
companions into danger, he felt peaceful and happy, and steered the brig
as cheerfully as if he were steering the _Ghost_ in the Great South Bay.




"Look here, Sime, old Purdy might have told us he'd taken away his

"Well, yes; but there was a kind of a grin on his face when he told us
we might have it. Not another loose boat!"

It was a solemn fact. Every skiff along the beach but "old Purdy's" was
fastened by chain and padlock and stake, to express the objections of
its owner against its use by stray boys.

"No fun going in for a swim in this shallow water. Only a wading place."

"Barry, there's a board. That'll do for us. We can paddle her out far

It was a lost fragment of clapboard about four feet long, and with no
house to it. Nobody could guess how it got there; but in three minutes
more the clumsy flat-bottomed skiff was being slowly propelled away from
the beach, out toward the deeper water of the lake.

Sime Hopkins and Barry Gilmore had reached, to judge from the remarks
they made, that precise point in their aquatic practice when your common
small boy 'long-shore swimming is a thing to be looked down upon, and a
lake of some size, or a section of the Atlantic, was required for any
fun of theirs.

The day was warm, the water as smooth as a pane of glass, and there was
a faint haze over the sky. The very model of a day for a perfect swim.

The boat, too, had evidently been built for it. She was broad enough not
to tip too easily if you were climbing in, and the wide seat at each end
was just the arrangement for diving.

"This'll do, Sime. Pity we didn't bring an anchor."

"Water's a hundred feet deep out here. How far are we from shore?"

"Don't know. Maybe it's half a mile. Maybe it's more. Could you swim

"Guess not, Barry. Perhaps I could. But I don't care to try. Not unless
the boat came along. A fellow's legs might give out, or he might take a

"My legs would peg out, sure, long before I got there."

They were a very good pair for a boy of fifteen, and in a moment more
they were in the air, as he sprang from the stern of the boat, and went
in, capitally well, head first.

"That was a good header," shouted Sime. "I'm coming."

Come he did, and they found the water just about right for them. Not a
trace of a chill in it, in spite of the fact that the lake was largely
supplied by springs from the bottom. Out there, of course, there could
be no weeds to catch their feet in, and there was very little to be
suggested by way of improvement.

"'Fore we get too tired, Barry, let's try a longer swim."

"Come on. Only don't let's go too far."

They were headed toward the shore, and they were not looking back, when
Barry exclaimed: "There's a ripple, Sime. The wind's rising."

"Barry, look at the boat!"

"She's drifting out. The wind's off shore."

The boys looked at each other for a moment with very serious faces; but
they were brave fellows, and there was no time for hesitation.

"She isn't so very far, Sime."

"But she's drifting. No telling how far she'll go. We mustn't risk it."

"Shore's too far. Can't do it. We can catch the boat."

"The wind's rising, Barry."

"Choose, Sime--shore or boat."

"Shore for me. Choose for yourself. See how she drifts!"

"You can't reach the shore, Sime. Besides, I want my clothes. I'm going
for the boat."

"No time to talk. Good-by, Barry."

Sime Hopkins felt a great sob rising as he struck out for the shore, and
it was every bit as much on Barry's account as on his own, but he had to
choke it down.

"Straight swimming now, and no nonsense. How plainly I can see the

That is, he could see the steeples of it, some two miles from the shore
he hoped to reach; and below them, he knew, were the roofs of houses,
and under the roofs of two of those houses were Barry Gilmore's mother
and his own.

Steadily, regularly, without a motion too much or a pull too hard--for
he was thinking very closely what it was best to do in such a case--Sime
swam on, until a dull feeling in his arms warned him of coming

"On my back now for a few rods. It'll change the work, and rest me. I
can see the boat, but I can't see Barry. The wind is blowing harder."

All that time, however, Barry had been doing precisely what his friend
had done, only that he had watched more anxiously the increasing ripple
on the water.

"She isn't so very far," he had said to himself at first. "I do wish
Sime had come with me. He can't reach that shore, swim his best. It'll
be an awful thing to tell."

A couple of minutes later he was muttering: "That was a harder puff. How
she does drift! Seems to me I don't get an inch nearer. If it blows much
worse, I'll have to follow her to the upper end of the lake."

That was nearly six miles away, and the thought of it made the warm
water he was swimming in seem several degrees colder. Barry's lips
closed hard, and his teeth set against each other, and he measured his
every stroke to make it tell.

Then his turn came to try a "back swim and a rest," and he too said: "I
can see the shore and the city, but I can't get a glimpse of Sime.
There! isn't that his head?--that black thing? Guess it is; it's moving.
Yes, it's him!"

It was indeed the back of Sime's head, but the boy under it was saying
to himself: "The shore's as far away as it ever was: I'd no idea we had
paddled out such a distance. Reach it? I _will_ reach it. Never swam so
far in my life, but I _must_ reach it."

Still, it was getting to be weary work, and before him lay what seemed
an interminable reach of glittering ripples. He was breathing hard, his
arms and legs were moving with less force than at first, and his
progress through the water was slower and slower.

"Can I do it? It's got to be done. I'll tread water a moment for a
change. I can't see Barry. Hurrah! it's the shallows!"

As he dropped his feet they came down upon smooth sand, for all that end
of the lake was a very gentle slope from the beach. The water was up to
his neck, but the bottom was there, and Sime's heart bounded with a
great throb of relief.

"Barry? I must wade in fast now. No boat when I get there; no help."

It was a forlorn outlook, and Sime even thought for a moment of all his
clothing away out there in the skiff. Then he thought of Barry Gilmore,
and hardly anything else, until the increasing shallowness of the water
enabled him to wade faster, and then to break into what was almost a
run. It was a great splash at all events, and Sime was quickly shouting
to some one on the beach a half-breathless account of Barry's danger.

"Why didn't ye wait for the oars? I was a-comin' down with 'em. Wanted a
swim myself, and thought I'd fool ye a little. What! Barry a-swimmin'
after the skiff? There's Jim Burr's boat. Quick! jump in!"

"It's locked."

"Locked? Well, I'll jest unlock it."

The key Purdy used was of limestone, and it may have weighed twenty
pounds. It "opened Jim Burr's padlock for good and all," while Sime was
getting in; and then how Purdy did row!

"We'll be too late."

"Shut up, Sime. Don't talk to me. It's jest awful."

It came very near it, for Barry Gilmore's brave, earnest face was
getting white when he at last discovered that he was really drawing
nearer the runaway boat.

"The wind is rising. I'm almost gone. Couldn't swim two rods further."

Yes, the wind was indeed blowing harder, but the direction of it had
been for some time changing, as it is apt to do before a summer storm.
The first "surface current" of air had lost its breath, and the stronger
blast which was really to bring the cloud and rain was coming from the
other way. So was the skiff it caught and carried along, and Barry
hardly understood it.

"I'm swimming pretty fast yet, in spite of everything. Wish I knew about
Sime. Just a little further."

Oh, how difficult were those last few strokes! When Barry faintly rested
one hand upon the gunwale of the skiff, it required a great effort to
lift the other beside it.

"I can't climb in, now I've got here. What shall I do?"

Of course he could not have climbed in, if he had been obliged to lift
himself all the way up, but every ounce of weight he put upon the side
of the boat brought it down further and further, until it was hardly two
inches above the roughening water.

"Now for it!" All the strength he had left went into that last effort,
and then Barry was lying on the bottom of the boat, with his wet head on
the shining front of Sime Hopkins's shirt bosom.

He did not try to guess how long he lay there. Even after he could have
moved, he had no heart to lift his head and look toward the shore.

At last, just after he had covered his eyes with both hands, there came
upon his ears the sound of oars, as if some very zealous rower were
pulling for a prize in some regatta, and behind that sound was another,
as if some fellow had suddenly burst out crying.

A heavy "bump" against the side of the skiff.

"Here he is! Oh, Barry!"

"Sime, is that you? Don't say a word, Sime--I can't."

It was some little time before either of them could say much, but they
had both learned just about how far they could swim; and old Purdy sat
there in his stolen boat, his rough face all one redness and radiance.
All even he could find to say was,

"Ain't I glad! Jim Burr won't mind my bustin' of his lock a mite; but
I'll git him another."





Miles from any church, and miles from any railway station, stood, one
summer afternoon, shut up and empty, an old gray house. It had been a
handsome house, and there was something comely about it yet, with its
fan-light over the broad door, its many windows, its quaint roof, and
its fretted cornices. But it looked like a house fast asleep. All the
year it had stood just so. Last summer the rose-tree had reached out far
enough to tap with prickly fingers on the panes, as if to say, "Wake up
and admire me: am I to bloom unseen?" Last autumn, the grape-vine had
held waiting, until it was tired, the ripened bunches on its unpruned
branches. Last winter the winds had shaken rudely the doors, and
casements, and the storms had beat loudly enough to rouse any dreamer,
one would think. But still the old house did not stir. A hornet's nest
hung undisturbed over the front door. The lilacs and syringas, the
wax-ball and snow-ball bushes, cowered closer and closer to the walls,
and birds built in them fearlessly. All day the oriole, which, it is
said, never sings except in beautiful places, spent there his gift of
melody in songs half sad, half tender. At night the whip-poor-will took
the oriole's place. Little wild things from the woods went fearlessly
about at twilight. They seemed all to have agreed together: "Yes, there
is no make-believe about it; the place is really sound asleep. We may do
what we please."

It was a great surprise, then, when on that same summer afternoon the
long slumber of the house broke up. Horses' feet stamped at the gate,
voices laughing and exclaiming frightened the squirrels away, windows
flew up, doors were forced noisily and unwillingly open. At night-fall
lamps moved flickering past the windows up stairs and down, while a
broad swath of golden light swept from the open hall door.

A group of people sitting just within the door chattered merrily. They
were laughing at mamma about "her property." For this place had been
left to mamma as a legacy by her granduncle, who died a year ago, and
mamma had chosen for this summer to let the sea-side cottage, shut up
the house in town, and spend the season here before deciding about
selling the place or letting it.

"So here we all are," the tall son was saying, "settling down to enjoy
mamma's property like lords. This tumble-down old house--"

"Be careful how you speak of my property," smiled his mother, shaking
her finger at him, "or you may run some risk of being warned off it."

"Like the hornets," said the oldest daughter, archly.

"Oh dear! I think it would have been so much nicer at the sea-side!"
sighed a child's voice, discontentedly, as a bat flew by her head, and
each of the party was betrayed into a shriek more or less shrill, while
her brother made wild passes in the air with his hat.

"Oh, well, mamma," spoke the father's genial voice, when they had
settled back in their seats, "it will be only bats and hornets that will
dispute your property with you, at all events. Humanity is too scarce
hereabouts to trouble you. No house in sight except those distant
chimneys, is there?"

"Yes, there is one, papa," replied the youngest, quickly; "it is behind
the trees, under that hill; but I shouldn't have noticed it only that I
saw a little girl in a pink dress moving about there."

"Come, now, Pussy; maybe you'll find a nice friend in little Pink--'a
companion of my solitude,' eh?" suggested her father, carelessly. But
Laura rather sniffed, and made a mournful remark about "Florence, Ethel,
and the rest of the girls at the beach."

At that moment "little Pink" was sitting on the door-step of that same
house "behind the trees, under the hill," and gazing up, full of
excitement, toward the newly opened house on the knoll above her.

It was a great event, and great events happened very rarely to Pink.
Once since she could remember she had been with her father and mother to
pay a visit in the family of an aunt. They had taken the old horse and
the green-bodied wagon, and had been a whole day in reaching their
destination. Two or three times during every summer, also, they made a
similar pilgrimage to attend the church where Pink's mother used to go
when she was a girl and lived at "the village." Another great event was
the shopping excursion that had to be made every season. While the
father bought on one side of the store his seeds, or his new plough, or
his axe-helve, the mother, on the other side, selected her calico,
groceries, and even the ribbon that was to retrim last year's bonnet.

Pink's calico, chosen by herself this time, had been bought on the last
of these expeditions. "I wouldn't say a word," she had pleaded, "if it
cost any more than the brown, but they don't charge for the color, so
mayn't I have the pink, please?"

And the pink calico had been bought, made, and worn to grace that other
great event, the "examination day." For Pink, with a handful more of
scholars, who lived about as far from the scorched-up little
school-house as she did, walked her mile and a half every day during
term-time, and wrestled with Webster's spelling-book, and Colburn's
arithmetic, compositions, and "pieces," until the final grand display of
the closing half-day. That was brass band and military procession to
Pink. She held her head high, and went through her part with beating
heart but machine-like precision. To have missed would have been
unendurable mortification and misery.

But now all Pink's interest was centred in the changes that were taking
place in the handsome old place adjoining her father's farm. The tall,
gloomy fence in front was taken down, and the broad greensward, sloping
to the road, carefully mowed. Where boughs were too dense they were
pruned away. A gay striped awning appeared over the front door. Most
interesting of all, some one was always to be seen moving about. It
might be the motherly lady with gray hair and soft white lace upon it;
it might be girls of different sizes, in dresses wonderful to Pink's
country eyes; it might be only a workman making a flower bed.
Altogether, Pink had never known so much excitement in her life as this.

Laura and her sisters used to notice how continually, when they were
looking from their airy windows on the hill-top, the same rosy dot was
to be seen, now flitting about, now resting quietly, and they often
spoke of "little Pink," as they called her.

She took her piece of sewing as usual one morning out on the shady
door-step, whence she could watch the great house. She saw Laura come
listlessly out of the door and stroll off, as if she cared little where
she went. Laura was "sick of everything," she had been declaring--sick
of the country, sick of croquet, sick of all her books and trinkets. Her
mother had reproved rather gravely the little girl's fretful discontent,
and Laura, in no happy frame of mind, had chosen to roam off by herself.

She climbed a wall, followed a brook for a short distance, and then
struck into a shady lane. Pink followed her with her eyes, reverently
admiring the dainty white dress that shone in the sunshine. "I should
like to have one dress as pretty as that," she thought; "but then I have
my pink," she added, loyally, and turned back to her work as the gleam
of white vanished from her sight.

It was not half a minute after that her quick ear caught a cry. She
sprang up and listened. This time it was a louder one, and so full of
terror that, without stopping to think, Pink ran toward the sound with
all her might. She was swift-footed, and she minded little a tumble over
the wall and a scramble through the blackberry bushes that could bring
her by a short-cut into the lane. One sharp, loud whistle brought the
great dog Shepherd to her side, and when Laura's third cry, hoarse and
sobbing, escaped her lips, she saw the pink dress, as it seemed to her,
flying through the air at her as though the wind blew it forward. "It's
the ugly cow!--oh, it's the ugly cow!" panted Pink.

"Help! help!" cried Laura, faintly, as she ran on, wild with fright.

Pink seized her firmly, for the angry cow, tossing her horns sullenly,
was plunging too near for escape. Using all her strength, she pushed
Laura flat behind a great rock, the only shelter at hand, and quick as a
flash had seized a stick and turned with Shepherd to face the cow.

Brave Shepherd was not afraid of anything; his little mistress had never
been afraid either. They divided between them the honor of routing the
enemy, and Pink hardly knew herself how it had been done, as she threw a
stone after the clumsy heels of the beast that Shepherd still chased
with angry barks, and then half lifted, half led Laura to the nearest
stile. Laura herself, between the fright and the running, was quite
exhausted, and could only get home with Pink's patient help.

When Laura had been laid on a lounge, and revived with camphor, she
began eagerly to describe her adventure. She told of Pink's rescuing her
in such words of praise that all the child could do was to stand still,
her cheeks getting all the time more and more of a pink.

"Why, you brave, brave child!" cried Laura's mother, taking her hand, as
Laura went on.

"Oh, you noble little Pink!" chorussed the girls, kissing her with

"But my name is not Pink," said the child, trying to cover her hot
cheeks; "my name is only Dolly Brown, and it wasn't me; it was Shep."

"Yes, it was you too, little Pink--I mean Dolly Brown," cried Laura, as
willful as ever now that the faintness was gone; "and you shall be my
best friend forever after--so there! and I shall write to Florence, and
Ethel, and all the rest, and tell them so this very night. You're a
perfect hero-wine, and you've saved my life, just like a book."

"There is no mistake about it, the name of Pink just fits her," said the
older sisters to each other, "with her pink and white complexion, and
her sweet, prim little mouth, and her dainty ways."

Laura took delight in conducting her new favorite all over the house and
premises. Pink trod timidly on the soft rugs that half disguised the
floors; caught her breath over the rose-bud chintzes covering
easy-chairs and quaint couches, or falling as curtains; touched
awe-struck the piano, the pictures, and trinkets. Laura was half pleased
and half surprised to see her so impressed.

It was not until a rainy day came that Laura found time to show Pink her
most personal possessions. Then she strewed her room with countless
pretty things that she had herself packed--her box of ribbons, her pet
books, some of last year's Christmas presents, her new locket, her box
of paints, her ivory brushes, her painted fan, the souvenirs she brought
from Cuba last winter, the long white feather for her summer hat, the
needles which she used in doing her pretty fancy-work, their patterns
and crewels.

"Oh, what a quantity of things!" cried Pink; "are they all yours?"

"Yes, indeed," answered Laura; "everything in this trunk is my own, very
own property, and next time I come to your house I want you to show me

When Pink went home she looked soberly round, and surveyed everything by
a new standard. The little house was clean, but it was bare. It
contained things to live with, that was all; none of the lovely useless
things to which Laura had always been accustomed; none of the separate
possessions in which she abounded. Pink could not think what she in her
turn was to produce and show to Laura as her own property. By this time
Laura knew all about the strawberry patch in which Pink gloried, because
it was bearing this year for the first time; all about the flower garden
alongside of it, where mignonette, hollyhock, cockscomb, and marigold
were flourishing so brightly. She knew about the pine parlor up in the
wood, where Pink loved to play by the hour, and the birch bower with
moss cushions, where vines had been trained, and where Pink liked to
learn her lessons, or read the _Pilgrim's Progress_. She knew where Pink
found cresses by the brook, her favorite places for picking berries, and
many of the spots where particular favorites among the wild flowers
always waited for Pink to come and get them. But, after all, none of
these places belonged, as her property, solely to Pink.

"And my tame robin died last fall," mused Pink, "and my lamb grew so
large he had to be sold. But I know--oh, I do know, after all."

Pink clapped her hands softly; she had arrived at the answer to her
question. She opened the corner cupboard, and took down the darling of
her heart--an old sugar bowl, fat, low, and also appropriately pink.

"You dear old thing! I haven't looked at you for ever so long," said

Nobody knew, so Pink's mother said, how old this sugar bowl might be. It
had been in the family when great-grandmother Brown was a little girl,
and they called it old then. It had come down through the Aldens.
Grandmother Brown was an Alden.

"It's no great for beauty," Mrs. Brown had said, when Pink was a little
thing. "I'll give it to you, Dolly, and you may keep it for your own."

And Dolly had been ever since proud and happy to claim it. It had always
been beautiful in her eyes from the very days of her babyhood, when, at
rare intervals, her mother rewarded her for being a good girl with one
of the square lumps of white sugar hoarded in its bulging sides.

"Yes, I know Laura will like to see this," remarked Pink, in a satisfied
tone, "and I hope she'll come to-morrow."

Laura did come to-morrow; and when, with innocent glee, her friend
paraded before her the old pink sugar bowl, which she dignified by the
name of her "property," somehow a lump rose in the spoiled child's
throat that kept her silent. Suddenly a vision of the countless costly
things she herself owned rose up before her. She had been proud of them,
perhaps, but never really grateful, as now she began to see. She had
fretted at any imperfections in them, and complained in the midst of
them if her will was disregarded, as, for instance, about coming into
the country for this summer. She stood abashed before the little pink
sugar bowl, and its owner with her happy, satisfied smile. She began for
the first time to understand the wise things her mother often said to
her lately about being contented with such as we have.

Pink was sure that Laura had been suitably impressed by the sugar bowl,
and she felt entirely pleased with the effect it had produced upon her.
It pleased her still more when, after a few days, Laura asked to borrow
the sugar bowl to show to her mother.

When Laura had told the story of Pink's property it had touched the
heart of the soft-hearted mother as well as the child herself, and she
had said, "I should like to see the sugar bowl myself."

Laura's father looked it over carefully. "This could really be turned
into property," he pronounced, "for it is a valuable ancient piece; and
if your little friend would like to sell it, I can find a buyer for

At first Pink could not find it in her heart to sell the keepsake she
had been so fond of; but mother Brown reasoned with her, and father
Brown said, shrewdly, "Sugar's just as good to us out of any other bowl,
Dolly; and with the money, don't you see, you can buy things you would
have to go without, and maybe lay up a mite besides." So the sugar bowl
never came back to its place in the corner cupboard, but, true-hearted
as Dolly was, she really never missed it, for its place was more than

Laura, her sisters, and her mother, having begun to love the
sweet-natured, healthy Pink, pleased themselves with heaping up the cup
that had thought itself quite full before. They were always finding a
pretext for bestowing some fair and fit gift upon her. The skillful
fingers of Laura's sisters even shaped for her a white dress like
Laura's own, and they said that it was well worth while to take a little
trouble for the sake of seeing real gratitude for once.

When the frosts came, Pink's friends returned to the city. But the
marvels of that surprising season were not yet all told. The little
house under the hill was closed, and Pink's father moved up into the
homestead to take charge of everything there until summer should come

"I want Pink to have my room, and take care of it," Laura had said. And
it was from the window of Laura's room, with Laura's books left in it
for her use, Laura's canary chirping in its cage, and Laura's gifts
about her, that Pink watched for the last wave of her friend's
handkerchief as the carriage disappeared.

"The dear! Anyhow, she has more now than one old sugar bowl for
property," said Laura, sinking back after the final glimpse of Pink's
bright face.

"She is one of the people that are naturally rich," her mother added,
"in having for her property a sunny, healthy content, and a happy,
humble disposition. We shall all be glad to see her when she comes for
her visit by-and-by. A spirit like hers brings its own welcome wherever
it goes."



He was nothing but a little yellow dog to the world at large, yet Harry
and Edith Farr regarded him as the greatest treasure they possessed. His
very name indicated the gentleness of his nature, as his entire lack of
any snappish qualities had required that this deficiency should be made
up in the matter of christening him, and Spicebox had never since given
cause to have anything dropped from that name except the last syllable.

He was, as has been said, yellow, and his curling, silky hair was soft
as flax, with "silver threads among the gold" about the neck and breast.
His liquid brown eyes were "just too sweet," as Edith declared, while
his inquisitive little nose, although not as black as it should be for
beauty, was nevertheless eloquent with expression; and his tail, mere
stub of a one as it was, did duty for a whole alphabet of sign language
between Master Spice and his owners.

But space fails me to further describe the charms of this wonderful dog,
who was as good as he was beautiful, and whose skill in leaping over
canes and umbrellas was only equalled by the firmness with which he sat
up on his hind-legs and held a penny on his nose.

At the time of which I write, the children--Harry was eleven and Edith
nine--had owned Spice for two years, and in all that period he was never
known to snap or snarl at man or beast. Growl he frequently did when a
stray cat or a wandering dog chanced to cross his path, but this was
never in malice--only for fun; and although he was once laid up for a
day and a half from the wounds inflicted by a quarrelsome tabby, Edith
is convinced that he never even attempted to bite back.

He slept every night at the foot of Harry's bed, had his little bowl of
water (with a piece of yellow sulphur in it) in the corner, and in one
compartment of Edith's bureau was a stock of ribbons of all colors and
widths, designed to increase doggie's natural attractions on festive

One of these latter occurred on a bright day in the spring, when the
Townsend family, the Fans' next-door neighbors, came over to lunch.

There were four of them: the mother, a pale, sickly lady, who only went
out on pleasant days; Win, a tall youth of fifteen; Clara, the only
daughter, and of Edith's age; and last, but by no means least, the baby,
who was still so young that his first name was not yet decided upon, but
who nevertheless fairly ruled the great house next door.

Well, this sunshiny day in the spring was Saturday, so the children on
both sides of the hedge had plenty of time to visit and receive, and
while the two ladies remained in the sitting-room with the French nurse
and the American baby, Harry and Clara, Edith and Win, flew up and down
the garden, playing colors, I-spy, and tag, with Spice at their heels
barking furiously, little thinking of the tragic scenes in which he was
soon to become the principal actor.

When lunch was announced, Mrs. Farr, Mrs. Townsend, and the four young
people gathered about the well-spread table, while nurse, Baby Townsend,
and Spice kept one another company in the sitting-room.

It must be confessed that the latter was not overpleased at the
arrangement, but as Harry had told him to stay, and as he was a very
obedient little dog, he determined to do as he was bid with the best
possible grace, so he meekly allowed Baby to rub his coat the wrong way,
pull his hair, and twist his tail to its little heart's content.

"Marie! Marie!" Mrs. Townsend's voice was suddenly heard calling from
the dining-room, and in response the French nurse hastened to ascertain
her lady's commands, leaving Baby in his corner on the sofa, where he
had been securely fenced in by his careful mamma.

Now all that Mrs. Townsend wanted of Marie was to ask her if she was
positive that the French word for ink was of the feminine gender, and in
that instant's absence of the faithful maid something awful happened;
for she had scarcely returned to the sitting-room, when she gave a
piercing scream that at once brought everybody from the table, some with
napkins pinned around their necks, others flourishing knives and forks
in their hands, and all endeavoring to swallow as quickly as possible
whatever they happened to have in their mouths.

And what a sight they saw! Baby Townsend lay back among his pillows,
serenely sucking the middle finger of his left hand, which was bleeding,
and the blood was spreading itself over the infant's face in a manner
shocking to behold, while Spice sat gravely by looking on with curious
eyes, and the French nurse stood wringing her hands in helpless horror.

For a moment they all stood as if rooted to the carpet, and then Mrs.
Townsend, with one hand snatching up her baby, and with the other
pointing to Spice, cried, "There! that dog did it, and he'll--that is,
my child will--oh!" and the poor lady began to cry hysterically, while
Edith rushed to gather up Spice in her arms, and Harry hastened to make
an examination of the accused.

"See, Mrs. Townsend," he exclaimed; "there's not a particle of blood
about his mouth. Besides, you all know Spice--our Spice. Why, he--"

"But how, then, came Baby in this condition? You can see for yourself
there wasn't a thing within his reach by which he could have cut

"Perhaps he bit his finger," Harry then ventured to suggest, which idea
was greeted by as near an approach to a smile as the tragic nature of
the circumstances would permit, as Mrs. Farr reminded her son of the
fact that the child was scarcely four months old.

"No, I see no help for it, sorry as I am, and good friend to Spice as
I've always been," continued Mrs. Townsend; "but hydrophobia, you know,
is now so bad, and my nerves are still so weak, that really Win must
bring over his gun and--"

"Shoot Spice?" cried both the Farr children in a breath, while their
mother hastened to put forth every possible plea in his behalf.

But the harder Mrs. Farr begged for mercy to the dog, the more
determined did Mrs. Townsend become that he ought to die; and between
the firm, vehement demands of one family and the tearful, urgent
pleadings of the other, the noise in the room became so loud and
confused that Baby began to cry, and Spice to bark.

In vain Harry quoted newspaper paragraphs to the effect that Scotch
terriers were seldom or never known to go mad; useless were Edith's
affirmations that she was sure Spice had not so much as sniffed at the
baby; and all for naught went Mrs. Farr's entreaties that they would at
least stay proceedings until the gentlemen came home at night. Mrs.
Townsend was resolved, and Win went over the hedge in triumph to bring
his gun, but presently came back, rather crest-fallen and empty-handed,
to say that his father must have locked it up in the wardrobe, and
carried off the key.

In that case there was nothing to do but wait until that gentleman
returned from the city; so the Townsends filed out of the Farrs' front
door and into their own in a dignified procession, Mrs. Townsend having
first bound over Mrs. Farr by a solemn promise not to allow Spice to
leave the grounds.

Ah, how long that dreadful afternoon lived in the Farr children's
memory! To know that their own dear little doggie was to die would have
been bad enough, but to feel that he was to be shot as a criminal for an
act so terrible, that--that was too hard, and Edith's tears fell fast,
while even Harry was obliged to wink persistently in order to keep his
own cheeks dry.

As for Spice, he had never seemed so gay and full of life, frisking
lightly about the children whenever Edith's trembling hands would let
him go, and twirling himself round and round so swiftly as to fairly
make one dizzy to behold.

When Mrs. Townsend observed this, she had taken it as a sign of hopeless
depravity, but to Harry it was a convincing proof that Spice had not
done the deed charged to him.

"You know, Edith," he would say, over and over again, "how he hangs his
head, puts his tail between his legs, and tries to slink away whenever
he's done wrong, and I'm sure he knows it isn't proper to bite Mrs.
Townsend's baby. Oh, why did she ever bring it over here?" and Harry
groaned dismally as he realized the impossibility of bringing their
neighbor to look at the affair in the light he did.

Well, the time of respite passed all too quickly away, and when Mr. Farr
came home at six, the case was laid before him in all its bearings; but
what could he do?

"You've no positive proof that Spice did _not_ bite the baby," he said,
when Harry and Edith called upon him to avenge them of their wrongs,
"whereas Mrs. Townsend thinks she has pretty sure evidence that her baby
was bitten. Besides--" But just then the door-bell rang, and Mr.
Townsend and Win were ushered in, the latter carrying a gun, at sight of
which Edith first shuddered, and then began to cry.

After a few words with Mr. Farr, Mr. Townsend suggested that, as it was
a cruel duty he had come to perform, they had better go through with it
as quickly as possible; so a rope was produced, tied to the dog's
collar, and then, having received a last tearful embrace from each one
in the family, Spice was led out into the back yard by their neighbor,
Win following close behind with the gun.

Mrs. Farr at once stuffed her ears with cotton; her husband went to the
furthest corner of the library, and took down the most absorbing book he
could find; Harry fled to his room in the third story, and Edith buried
her face in the sofa cushions; while the girls in the kitchen clattered
tin pans about at a terrific rate for a few moments, and then,
frightened at their own noise, stopped to listen.

For five minutes there was a dead silence both inside the house and out,
when suddenly Edith screamed loud and long, and leaping up from the
lounge, rushed out into the yard, wildly waving a pair of button-hole
scissors covered with blood.

[Illustration: "STOP! STOP! OH, STOP!"]

"Stop! stop! oh, stop!" she cried. "The baby cut himself with these. Oh,
Spice! Spice!" and running to the clothes-line post, to which the poor
little fellow had been tied, she fell down beside him and sobbed for

When matters were all made clear, it seemed that Edith, in her misery,
had pushed and worked her hand down the back of the sofa, felt the
scissors, and on drawing them forth, noticed the blood on them, and then
it flashed across her mind that it was Baby Townsend's blood, and that
he must have wriggled his hand down behind the cushions in the same way.

Mrs. Townsend was quickly summoned, the discovery explained to her, and
on examining closely the cut in Baby's finger, the innocence of Spice
was fully established.

Win made haste to put away his gun, and the little yellow dog enjoys
life to this day.

"Onery, twoery, ickery, ann,
Phillisy, fallasy, Nicholas, John."]

[Illustration: WALKING LIKE PAPA.]

[Illustration: OUR POST-OFFICE BOX.]


     Many of my correspondents have asked me for a little description of
     my country and of the tropic zone. I have been thinking that I can
     answer them all at once by writing another letter.

      We live eleven degrees north latitude from the equator, near the
      mouth of the Magdalena River. It is very hot here, and the medium
      temperature in the dry season is 85°; in the rainy season it is
      higher. The dry season begins in November, and lasts till April;
      through this month we have rain, and the next month we expect it
      every day, and so onward. Many of the inhabitants are Indians, and
      about one-fifth of the population are negroes. The people in our
      city and in most places are divided into six classes. To the first
      or highest class belong the educated white people; and to the
      lowest, those folks who wear all the year only one pair of
      breeches or one dress, no shirt, and no shoes. Poor boys under
      four and five years wear no clothing, but they learn how to smoke.

      The water in the river is so warm all the year that people can
      bathe in it at any time.

      The huts of the Indians are made of sticks, and covered with a
      kind of reed. Our doors and windows are kept open the whole day,
      and at night we have nets around our beds to keep the mosquitoes
      off. As we have great and continuous heat, with abundant moisture,
      we have a wonderful richness and variety of vegetation. Blooming
      flowers and trees can be seen all the year. We have
      cocoa-nut-trees, bananas, pine-apples, sugar-cane, oranges,
      lemons, mangoes, coffee, cotton, tobacco, and cinchona-trees. In
      the sand of the river gold is sometimes found.

      Birds, insects, and reptiles are remarkable for their variety and
      brilliancy. We have one bird with seven distinct colors in its
      plumage; and indeed the birds, from the parrot to the tiny
      humming-bird, are so nicely dressed that I can not describe them.

      All kinds of snakes, from the boa to the viper, are found here.
      There is one green snake which climbs the trees, and looks
      precisely like the branches and leaves.

      The woods in the interior are full of monkeys, and if disturbed in
      their sleep, they howl the night long.

      A beautiful butterfly with blue wings is the most wonderful
      creature I ever saw. As you turn it around it changes to other
      lovely tints.

      It is not unhealthy here. The laborers and the women cooks on
      their way to market ride on donkeys, for the streets are too sandy
      to walk in with ease.


We think Miss Judith ought to be accepted as a member of our Natural
History Society. Her letter shows that she has learned to observe what
is around her, and only people who do this are ever really well

       *       *       *       *       *


     This is my first letter to YOUNG PEOPLE. Mamma gave the paper to me
     for a birthday present, and papa gave me a pony. One of my
     playmates and myself mount him, and we make him lope as fast as
     ever he can. Mamma took me not long ago to the Blue Lick Spring.
     When she told me I was going I was perfectly delighted. My cousin
     and I got a whole lot of very beautiful stones there. I am nine
     years old, and read in the Fourth Reader, and study arithmetic,
     spelling, and geography.


Is it not almost too much for that willing little pony to carry two boys
at once? It would be a better way to take turns, and let one ride at a
time, especially as you love to go so very fast.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I thought I would write and tell that little girl who wanted to
     know some games how we play out here in Kentucky. We have great fun
     hiding the switch, and the one who finds it chases the rest till we
     touch base, which is a big tree. We go wading in the creek, and
     Paul has a ferry-boat, like those which ply between New York and
     Jersey City, only ever so much smaller. It holds nothing but our
     wee dolls for passengers, and the animals in Noah's ark. We play
     hide-and-seek with our dolls, and Nina and I take them out riding
     in their carriages. Nurse walks along with baby Lucy in her
     carriage, and Paul on his velocipede goes in front, and so we have
     a grand procession. We have our own little gardens, and raise
     vegetables, which we sell to mamma.

      When I read Fairley C.'s letter it seemed as if she were talking
      about me, for I have two little sisters and one brother, and I too
      am nine years old. We love our home in the country, and if I were
      not so tired, I could tell you of more things we do.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am thirteen years of age, and live in the north-western part of
     Iowa, on the big prairies. I live on a farm, and we have eleven
     head of horses and thirty-three head of cattle. We milk six cows
     this summer. I have taken YOUNG PEOPLE since March 22, 1881, and it
     is the best paper for young readers I ever saw. I liked all I read
     of "Toby Tyler" very much, but I did not take the paper at the time
     the story began, and so I had to imagine that part. The Post-office
     Box is splendid. It gives us a chance to hear from young people all
     over the world.

  L. A. U.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I am ten years old, and this is my first attempt at writing a
     letter to YOUNG PEOPLE. I am at home during vacation, and I
     scarcely know how to amuse myself. I read YOUNG PEOPLE with much
     pleasure, and when through with that I enjoy magnifying flowers. I
     have a small microscope. If you never looked through one, you have
     no idea how beautiful some of the flowers are. I love to hear from
     the little letter-writers in our Post-office Box.

  LORA L. L.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I live with my cousin, and I go to school. We have a dog named
     Fergus. He likes to play with a ball, and if any one tries to take
     it from him, he growls. I like "The Cruise of the 'Ghost'" very
     much. I think it was a shame to kill Toby Tyler's Mr. Stubbs. We
     have a little garden at the end of our yard, and have had ripe
     strawberries and peas. I like the Post-office Box better than any
     other part of the paper.


       *       *       *       *       *

     Please, Mr. Editor, would you mind publishing another letter from
     me? I have received so many letters and leaves that I am afraid I
     have not replied to every correspondent, for _several forgot to
     send their address_. Sadie H. was one of these. I hope I sent every
     one stamps enough; but having so many requests, I had to divide
     them as equally as I could.

  GERTIE ROLIN, Redmyre, Sydney,
  New South Wales, Australia.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I was thirteen on the 5th of June. I have every number of the
     second volume of HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE. The river has been rising
     here. Yesterday some people had hard work to get out of their
     houses, the flood rose so rapidly. I often wish that I lived on the
     sea-shore, so that I might get shells. We have none here.


       *       *       *       *       *


     About two weeks ago the other boy wrote you a letter saying that we
     were about to start a club named N. Y. S. and M. E. As you have not
     yet printed it, I wish you would not print it, for I did not know
     anything about it. He told me to sign my name on a piece of paper.
     That's how I came to sign it.

  H. G.

Your postal card was something of a puzzle, as we have not received a
letter from "the other boy." But we want to tell you, and every young
reader, never to sign your name to any piece of writing that you have
not read, and which you do not fully understand. A boy's name stands for
himself, and signing it to any document pledges him to do what the
document requires. A great many foolish and thoughtless grown persons
get into trouble by doing this very thing. We wish the little girls
would make a special note of this, and in fact it would be a good plan
for you all to write out a resolution in this way, "I will never sign my
name to a paper that I have not read," and then pin it fast to the
pincushion, or tack it up over the mantel. It is very important to form
the habit of being particular about this.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I have taken YOUNG PEOPLE since the first number. I don't know how
     I could do without it. I thought Toby Tyler was perfectly splendid.
     I was real sorry for him. I am twelve years old, and attend school,
     and am learning French and music. I take lessons in both of these
     studies at home, but next year I shall study German at school. I
     wrote once before, and my letter went into your waste-basket. I
     _hope_ this will not be treated so. I have a little pet dog. He is
     as cute as he can be. I will write some time and tell you some of
     his funny tricks. I have tried many of the receipts for candy, and
     they were splendid.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I want to tell you about a parrot I have. He is a little more than
     a year old, and can talk a great deal. I have a black cat and a
     white one. The white puss is afraid of Polly, but the black one
     puts his paw through the wires of the cage, and taps the parrot's
     head. In return Polly gives him a bite, which makes him squeal. The
     name of the black cat is Heliogabalus. We call him Heli for short.


       *       *       *       *       *


     My aunt Abbie sent HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE to my brother Aaron for a
     Christmas gift. I think "Toby Tyler" was real nice. I have written
     twice before, and sent a charade, but I suppose that there were so
     many other letters that mine could not find room. I have two
     sisters, Abbie and Fannie, and two brothers, Aaron and Warren.
     Warren is a baby. He had a twin brother, Willet, but he died when he
     was only five months old. I send an anagram, and will tell how to
     get the answer. First take a couplet or stanza of poetry, or some
     great man's name, and mix the letters up every way, and then let
     the reader arrange them so as to find out the verse or the name.

  A. C. B.

Your little anagram is in the puzzle department.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I like this paper so much that my little sister and I are always
     impatient for Friday to come, for on that day our friend YOUNG
     PEOPLE arrives. I don't think you ever saw the programme for a
     concert printed in raised letters, did you? Well, I attended a
     delightful concert where all who took part were pupils in our
     Institution for the Blind, except the organist and the lady who
     played the piano. The programmes were in raised letters, for the
     blind read by the sense of touch. The building is very complete,
     and quite large. The grounds are very spacious and beautiful. The
     pupils make the chairs and mattresses which are used in the
     institution. They print the books also, and the Superintendent
     makes the maps. Mr. H---- is very nice. He knows how to make boys
     happy. Kentucky is proud of this institution.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little girl, too small to read our paper when it comes, but
     grandma reads it to my brother Clayton and myself. She read "Toby
     Tyler" to us, and even papa was interested in it. We live in
     Belmont, Nevada, but are staying this summer at this place. It is a
     long narrow cañon several miles in length, almost all over green
     meadow, forming a strange contrast to the high rocky mountains. We
     have some boiling springs here, and you can see the hot water
     bubbling up to the surface from somewhere below--I often wonder
     where. We have plenty of Indians here, and I have a little pappoose
     to play with, who swings me in the hammock. I was born in San
     Francisco, but have lived most of my life in Nevada, and know
     nothing of the beautiful world beyond, except what mamma and
     grandma tell me, and what I see in pictures. You may know that we
     miss the papers terribly when they do not come, as sometimes
     happens. Mamma takes the MAGAZINE and BAZAR as well as YOUNG
     PEOPLE, which we all enjoy. I shall watch very anxiously to see
     whether you will print my little letter.


Some of our little correspondents are troubled because they do not see
their letters in Our Post-office Box, and they express a fear lest they
are lost or thrown into the waste-basket. Now, dear boys and girls, set
your minds at rest. As we have already said, the editor does not own
such a thing as a waste-basket for the Post-office Box. All the little
letters are read, and those which can not be published are put away
carefully, and your names and homes and little messages are remembered.
If the Post-office Box should crowd out the stories and poems and
beautiful pictures, and the doleful experiences of Jimmy Brown, you
would not enjoy YOUNG PEOPLE nearly so much, would you?

We have told exchangers again and again that their requests can not be
printed the next week after we receive them. They necessarily have to
wait several weeks before they can be published. It is hardly a month
since we said this the last time, yet some of you write as though you
were quite vexed at our delay. Please be patient. And if you send your
exchange a second or a third time before we can possibly print it, then
be sure to say in your letter that you have sent it before.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Some time ago, in your Post-office Box, I saw a letter from a
     little girl offering to exchange fifty stamps for an Indian
     arrow-head. I sent her a very nice one, and wrote at the same time;
     but I waited two weeks, and no stamps came. Then I wrote again, and
     asked her either to return the arrow-head or send the stamps. This
     was about two weeks ago, and I have heard nothing from her. What
     can I do in this case? It can not be because I have not sent my
     address, for I was very careful to put it on both letters. I did
     not think any child would be mean enough to keep anything without
     sending an equivalent; but I can see no other reason for it.


The little girl may be ill, or there may be illness in her family, or
she may be absent from home. Nothing is more provoking than a delay of
this kind, but we still think you will hear from her. After waiting a
little longer, it will do no harm for you to write again.

       *       *       *       *       *

     There is a picture of a baby sitting in an arm-chair, and under it
     is printed the word "Bashful," in YOUNG PEOPLE No. 86, page 532.
     Now when I got my paper I saw this picture. I was so surprised that
     I ran and showed it to mamma. Now I will tell you why. That picture
     is the born image of our little baby Edna, and when we all looked
     at it, mamma told me to write and tell you of it. She is two years
     old, her hair is curly, and that picture is a perfect likeness of
     her. She'll go through a dozen little tricks for a piece of "pu"
     (pie). Please print this for her sake, and perhaps she'll have a
     few kisses to spare when she goes to Franklin Square.

      She often puts her hand on her eye when mamma brings her a bottle
      of medicine.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I have a cousin who resides in Minneapolis, and she sailed on the
     18th of June for Great Britain and the Continent. She takes the
     eighty days' tour, and will be on the Rhine one day. Next fall,
     when she returns, she will tell me about her trip; but if I had
     been a little older I could have gone with her, which would have
     been lovely. My monthly average at school last year was never below

  RUSH C. B.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Please take notice that A. and A. B. Green, Jun., are not the same
     people; so when I send an exchange, and A. B. sends an exchange,
     they are not from the same person.

  Englewood, N. J.

       *       *       *       *       *

The following exchanges are offered by correspondents:

     An old penny, for an Indian arrow-head or a Florida bean.

  AMELIA BRINK, Marshall, Mich.

       *       *       *       *       *

     A collection of ninety-five stamps (all foreign, some duplicates)
     in good condition, and a tiny piece of wood from the Mount of
     Olives, in exchange for a nice, clean sketch-book. Correspondents
     will please write and state size of book, etc.

  EFFIE K. PRICE, Bellefontaine, Ohio.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Minerals, for foreign stamps.

  P. H. MAYER,
  214 East Fifty-seventh St., New York City.

       *       *       *       *       *

     French and English stamps, for flower seeds. Please send lists and
     exchange letters before the seeds are mailed.

  3514 Spring Garden St., Philadelphia, Penn.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Petrified stones, and gypsum, for minerals, specimens of wood, and
     stamps from any country except England, Canada, or the United

  HENRY HOLT, Lockport, N. Y.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Two German stamps, for ten postmarks; also two French stamps, for
     ten postmarks.

  B. L., Box 339, Newton, Mass.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Minerals, fossils, ferns, and soil, for coins, stamps, postmarks,
     sand, ore, and ocean curiosities. Correspondents will please label

  Mount Vernon, Linn Co., Iowa.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Twelve foreign stamps, all different, for the United States issue
     of 1869, blue and brown, 15-cent; or twenty-five stamps, for the
     24-cent, violet and green; and fifty stamps, for the same issue
     90-cent, black and carmine. The stamps I offer are all different,
     some very rare--Japan, Egypt, Cape of Good Hope, Philippine
     Islands, etc.

  55 Endicott St., Salem, Mass.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Shadow pictures and foreign stamps, for curiosities suitable for a
     cabinet. Correspondents will please write before sending articles.

  G. S. JENKS, 173 Lake St., Chicago, Ill.

       *       *       *       *       *

     I wish to exchange a large and perfect Indian axe for a bound
     volume of HARPER'S WEEKLY, in good order, for 1872; a bound volume
     of _Leslie's Popular Monthly_, in perfect condition, for the first
     volume of _Uncivilized Races of the World_, sheep binding, and in
     fair order. Also the bound volumes of the _National Repository_ for
     1879, for HARPER'S WEEKLY, bound, and in good order, for 1876.
     Please write me before sending books.

  Alexandria, Clark Co., Mo.

       *       *       *       *       *

     My stock of star-fish is exhausted. Agates, sea-shells, and
     postmarks, for beetles and insects.

  D. C. WYMAN, Eureka, Humboldt Co., Cal.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Lead ore, for iron or gold ore, or white crystals. Crystals
     especially desired.

  SUSIE HUNTINGTON, Sedalia, Pettis Co., Mo.

       *       *       *       *       *

     The ears of the Jack or mule-eared rabbit, for second-hand boys'
     books, small biographies or natural histories. Abbot's _Life of
     Washington_ preferred.

  C. R. LACY, Hutchins, Dallas Co., Texas.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Chinese copper and Japanese silver coins, for any other foreign
     coins. I have three kinds of Japanese and five kinds of Chinese

  Petaluma, Sonoma Co., Cal.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Fifty foreign stamps, for a triangular Cape of Good Hope, Natal,
     Cabool, Cashmere, Feejee, Philippine, Ceylon, Mauritius,
     Mozambique, Free Town, or 96-cent Hong-Kong, Central American, or
     Chinese or Japanese coins.

  P. O. Box 138,
  Mamaroneck, Westchester Co., N. Y.

       *       *       *       *       *

     The _Life of General Israel Putnam_ or _Sandford and Merton_, for
     an international postage stamp album that has been but little used.

  Montoursville, Lycoming Co., Penn.

       *       *       *       *       *

     A stone from Ohio, for one from any other State or Territory.

  Seville, Medina Co., Ohio.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Postmarks, for newspapers. Fifteen postmarks, all fine, no
     duplicates, select list, for one newspaper. Common list, twenty
     postmarks, for one newspaper.

  Norwood, Hamilton Co., Ohio.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Foreign stamps and postmarks, for the same; and bluestone, used for
     telegraph batteries, for a three-cornered Cape of Good Hope stamp
     or petrified wood.

  121 West Forty-first St., New York City.

  [_For other exchanges, see third page of cover._]

       *       *       *       *       *

N. K. C.--It is not a good plan to have too many irons in the fire at
once, and so we think it best to postpone your plan until cooler

       *       *       *       *       *

C. H. B.--Your enigma is a good one, but it came too late for use this

       *       *       *       *       *

RALEIGH.--"Art is long, and time is fleeting." There are a great many
departments in art, and very many artists are known for conscientious
and beautiful work; but if we were to name a single one in either
hemisphere as the greatest, we would be unjust to a host of others.

       *       *       *       *       *

EMILIE.--It is not a _nom de plume_.

       *       *       *       *       *


C. A. PERLEY AND ALVAH S. HUBBARD.--Your questions are answered by the
advertisements on the last page of the cover.

       *       *       *       *       *

GUY H. WOOD.--A Horsman bicycle, No. 15, diameter of front wheel
thirty-six inches, and costing $25, will probably suit you.

FRANK RIGGS.--A _good_ bicycle for a boy of your size can not be bought
for the sum you name. A bicycle to fit you should have a front wheel of
forty-two inches in diameter. Read the advertisements on the cover of
YOUNG PEOPLE, send to the addresses given for circulars and for
addresses of Chicago agents, from whom you can gain all desired

WILLIE CHAPMAN.--Go to 791 Fifth Avenue, New York city, and there you
will probably find the "excellent bicycle" for which you inquire.

FRANCES DUNHAM.--I do not know of a good tricycle for young girls. The
only one made in this country that would suit a girl of nine years is
advertised in YOUNG PEOPLE No. 87, and I fear that with this machine it
would be impossible to ride any distance over country roads, as it is
only intended for pavements or smooth walks. Very light and beautiful
tricycles are made in England for girls of fifteen years of age and
upward; but none are manufactured in this country.

Most of the inquiries received thus far have been for cheap bicycles,
and where to obtain them. To these the answer is, there are no _cheap_
bicycles. All good bicycles are expensive, and a poor bicycle is dear at
any price. Small bicycles, with wooden spokes and rims, are just as good
to learn to ride on as the best that are made, and on a smooth level
surface they can be made to work very nicely. As the rider grows older,
and gains experience, he naturally desires a better machine, and then he
finds that instead of from $10 to $20, the cost of a machine such as he
wants is from $50 to $100. This he regards as an imposition, and at once
begins a search for cheaper bicycles. But he will not find them at
present, nor for some time to come. For this there are several reasons.
One is that all existing bicycle patents in this country have been
acquired by one firm, which therefore enjoys a monopoly. Another reason
is that the bicycle is still something new, and the sale for it is
comparatively small, so that the manufacturer must make large profits to
balance small sales. Then, too, the machinery for making bicycles is
very expensive, the material used in making them must be the best, and
the workmanship upon them the most skilled. All these things combine to
make the bicycle an expensive luxury, and such it will always remain,
though in course of time prices will be much less than they are now.


       *       *       *       *       *

Correct answers to puzzles have been received from _A. E. Cressingham_,
"School-Boy," _Bennie Stockwell_, Emilie Douglass, Willie D. Grier, Day
Z., Robert N. Fuller, and Jemima Beeston.

       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.


1. 1. A letter. 2. A household implement. 3. A heavenly body. 4. A
favorite. 5. A letter.

2. 1. A letter. 2. Not young. 3. A vessel. 4. An animal. 5. A letter.

  H. E. D.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. 2.


  My first is in mouse, but is never in rat.
  My second in dog, but never in cat.
  My third is in animal, never in fish.
  My fourth is in vessel, and never in dish.
  My fifth is in monkey, and not in giraffe.
  My whole is a thing 'tis convenient to have.

  F. A. B.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. 3.


Yb mhraem dan nhda lal tras od tdsna.

  A. C. B.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. 4.


1. To approach. 2. Spoken. 3. Armor. 4. A girl's name.

1. A river in Spain. 2. A temptation. 3. A disorderly tumult. 4. A boy's

  R. R. F.

       *       *       *       *       *

No. 5.


  1  *  *  *
  *  2  *  *
  *  *  3  *
  *  *  *  4
  *  *  5  *
  *  6  *  *
  7  *  *  *
  *  8  *  *
  *  *  9  *
  *  *  * 10

Across.--1. A string. 2. Without light. 3. A vehicle. 4. A snare. 5.
Level. 6. A particle. 7. An animal. 8. Color. 9. A mineral. 10. A plant.

Zigzags.--A mountain range in Europe.

  R. R. F.

       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.


No. 2.

1. Necessity is the mother of invention.

2. Nothing ventured, nothing won.

3. Come one, come all, this rock shall fly
   From its firm base as soon as I.

No. 3.

  Be still, sad heart, and cease repining;
  Behind the clouds is the sun still shining;
  Thy fate is the common fate of all,
  Into each life some rain must fall,
  Some days must be dark and dreary.

No. 4.

  S A R D   E T N A
  A G U E   T H E N
  R U D E   N E A T
  D E E R   A N T S

  D I M E   R O M P
  I D O L   O V E R
  M O S S   M E T E
  E L S E   P R E Y

       *       *       *       *       *


In No. 92 of HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE issued August 2, will appear the
first chapter of a new serial story entitled




  By JAMES OTIS, author of "Toby Tyler."

The story of "Tim and Tip" is that of a homeless boy and his faithful
dog, who follows him in all his wanderings, and shares in all his
adventures. It is full of incident on land and water, and those readers
who followed with such kindly interest the fortunes of Toby Tyler and
Mr. Stubbs, the monkey, will, we feel sure, sympathize equally with our
new hero and his four-footed companion.


SINGLE COPIES, 4 cents; ONE SUBSCRIPTION, one year, $1.50; FIVE
SUBSCRIPTIONS, one year, $7.00--_payable in advance, postage free_.

The Volumes of HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE commence with the first Number in
November of each year.

Subscriptions may begin with any Number. When no time is specified, it
will be understood that the subscriber desires to commence with the
Number issued after the receipt of the order.

Remittances should be made by POST-OFFICE MONEY-ORDER OR DRAFT, to avoid
risk of loss.

  Franklin Square, N. Y.



In making the Widow Machree, first procure a daisy, and with a pair of
sharp scissors trim off the petals, except two, as in Fig. 1; then with
a pen and ink mark on the yellow centre the face of an old woman, as in
Fig. 2. Trace off Fig. 3 on a piece of stiff card-board, and finish it
as represented in the drawing; cut it out all around down to the dotted
line, and bend it from there so as to leave the figure standing upright
when finished. Then cut a hole in the neck as represented. Put the stem
of the daisy through this hole, and fasten it behind, as in Fig. 4, by
gumming a small strip of paper over it. Take a pin, cut it in two, and
on the pointed edge place the bowl of the pipe, cut from the end of a
match, as in Fig. 5. Then put it into the mouth of the figure, or daisy
face, and Widow Machree is complete, as in Fig. 6.


     From _Camp Life in the Woods_. Harper & Brothers. Just out.

Sleeping on the ground, rolled in a blanket, is all very well if no
better plan offers; but when a good camp-bed can be made as easily as
the one we are about to describe, it is foolish to refuse the comfort
thus offered. Procure a large piece of canvas, sacking, or other strong,
coarse material six and a half feet square. If a single piece of this
size can not be found, several parts may be sewed together to the
required dimensions. After which two opposite sides should be firmly
stitched together, thus forming a bottomless bag. Two stout poles seven
or eight feet in length, and as large as the wrist, should now be cut.
Insert them through the bag, allowing the ends to project equally on
each side. These ends should now be rested on two logs, one placed at
the head and the other at the foot of the bed. In order to hold the
poles in place, notches should be cut in the logs at such distances as
will draw the bag to its full width. The interior of the canvas should
now be filled with dried grass, leaves, moss, or spruce boughs, after
which the bed is complete, and as comfortable as any mattress.


[Illustration: I'S AFWAID SHE DUZ.]

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