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´╗┐Title: The Bible, Douay-Rheims, Book 32: Daniel - The Challoner Revision
Author: - To be updated
Language: English
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*** Start of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "The Bible, Douay-Rheims, Book 32: Daniel - The Challoner Revision" ***


Translated from the Latin Vulgate

Diligently Compared with the Hebrew, Greek,
and Other Editions in Divers Languages

First Published by the English College at Douay
A.D. 1609 & 1610


First Published by the English College at Rheims
A.D. 1582

With Annotations

The Whole Revised and Diligently Compared with
the Latin Vulgate by Bishop Richard Challoner
A.D. 1749-1752


DANIEL, whose name signifies THE JUDGMENT OF GOD, was of the royal blood
of the kings of Juda: and one of those that were first of all carried
away into captivity. He was so renowned for wisdom and knowledge, that
it became a proverb among the Babylonians, AS WISE AS DANIEL (Ezech.
28.3). And his holiness was so great from his very childhood, that at
the time when he was as yet but a young man, he is joined by the SPIRIT
of GOD with NOE and JOB, as three persons most eminent for virtue and
sanctity, Ezech. 14. He is not commonly numbered by the Hebrews among
THE PROPHETS: because he lived at court, and in high station in the
world: but if we consider his many clear predictions of things to come,
we shall find that no one better deserves the name and title of A
PROPHET: which also has been given him by the SON of GOD himself, Matt.
24, Mark 13., Luke 21.

Daniel Chapter 1

Daniel and his companions are taken into the palace of the king of
Babylon: they abstain from his meat and wine, and succeed better with
pulse and water. Their excellence and wisdom.

1:1. In the third year of the reign of Joakim, king of Juda,
Nabuchodonosor, king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem, and beseiged it.

1:2. And the Lord delivered into his hands Joakim, the king of Juda, and
part of the vessels of the house of God: and he carried them away into
the land of Sennaar, to the house of his god, and the vessels he brought
into the treasure house of his god.

His god... Bel or Belus, the principal idol of the Chaldeans.

1:3. And the king spoke to Asphenez, the master of the eunuchs, that he
should bring in some of the children of Israel, and of the king's seed,
and of the princes,

1:4. Children in whom there was no blemish, well favoured, and skilful
in all wisdom, acute in knowledge, and instructed in science, and such
as might stand in the king's palace, that he might teach them the
learning, and tongue of the Chaldeans.

1:5. And the king appointed them a daily provision, of his own meat, and
of the wine of which he drank himself, that being nourished three years,
afterwards they might stand before the king.

1:6. Now there was among them of the children of Juda, Daniel, Ananias,
Misael, and Azarias.

1:7. And the master of the eunuchs gave them names: to Daniel,
Baltassar: to Ananias, Sidrach: to Misael, Misach: and to Azarias,

1:8. But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not be defiled with
the king's table, nor with the wine which he drank: and he requested the
master of the eunuchs that he might not be defiled.

Be defiled, etc... Viz., either by eating meat forbidden by the law, or
which had before been offered to idols.

1:9. And God gave to Daniel grace and mercy in the sight of the prince
of the eunuchs.

1:10. And the prince of the eunuchs said to Daniel: I fear my lord, the
king, who hath appointed you meat and drink: who if he should see your
faces leaner than those of the other youths, your equals, you shall
endanger my head to the king.

1:11. And Daniel said to Malasar, whom the prince of the eunuchs had
appointed over Daniel, Ananias, Misael, and Azarias:

1:12. Try, I beseech thee, thy servants for ten days, and let pulse be
given us to eat, and water to drink:

Pulse... That is, pease, beans, and such like.

1:13. And look upon our faces, and the faces of the children that eat of
the king's meat: and as thou shalt see, deal with thy servants.

1:14. And when he had heard these words, he tried them for ten days.

1:15. And after ten days, their faces appeared fairer and fatter than
all the children that ate of the king's meat.

1:16. So Malasar took their portions, and the wine that they should
drink: and he gave them pulse.

1:17. And to these children God gave knowledge, and understanding in
every book, and wisdom: but to Daniel the understanding also of all
visions and dreams.

1:18. And when the days were ended, after which the king had ordered
they should be brought in: the prince of the eunuchs brought them in
before Nabuchodonosor.

1:19. And when the king had spoken to them, there were not found among
them all such as Daniel, Ananias, Misael, and Azarias: and they stood in
the king's presence.

1:20. And in all matters of wisdom and understanding, that the king
enquired of them, he found them ten times better than all the diviners,
and wise men, that were in all his kingdom.

1:21. And Daniel continued even to the first year of king Cyrus.

Daniel Chapter 2

Daniel, by divine revelation, declares the dream of Nabuchodonosor, and
the interpretation of it. He is highly honoured by the king.

2:1. In the second year of the reign of Nabuchodonosor, Nabuchodonosor
had a dream, and his spirit was terrified, and his dream went out of his

The second year... Viz., from the death of his father Nabopolassar; for
he had reigned before as partner with his father in the empire.

2:2. Then the king commanded to call together the diviners and the wise
men, and the magicians, and the Chaldeans: to declare to the king his
dreams: so they came and stood before the king.

The Chaldeeans... That is, the astrologers, that pretended to divine by

2:3. And the king said to them: I saw a dream: and being troubled in
mind I know not what I saw.

2:4. And the Chaldeans answered the king in Syriac: O king, live for
ever: tell to thy servants thy dream, and we will declare the
interpretation thereof.

2:5. And the king, answering, said to the Chaldeans: The thing is gone
out of my mind: unless you tell me the dream, and the meaning thereof,
you shall be put to death, and your houses shall be confiscated.

2:6. but if you tell the dream, and the meaning of it, you shall receive
of me rewards, and gifts, and great honour: therefore, tell me the
dream, and the interpretation thereof.

2:7. They answered again and said: Let the king tell his servants the
dream, and we will declare the interpretation of it.

2:8. The king answered and said: I know for certain, that you seek to
gain time, since you know that the thing is gone from me.

2:9. If, therefore, you tell me not the dream, there is one sentence
concerning you, that you have also framed a lying interpretation, and
full of deceit, to speak before me till the time pass away. Tell me,
therefore, the dream, that I may know that you also give a true
interpretation thereof.

2:10. Then the Chaldeans answered before the king, and said: There is no
man upon earth, that can accomplish thy word, O king; neither doth any
king, though great and mighty, ask such a thing of any diviner, or wise
man, or Chaldean.

2:11. For the thing that thou asketh, O king, is difficult: nor can any
one be found that can shew it before the king, except the gods, whose
conversation is not with men.

2:12. Upon hearing this, the king in fury, and in great wrath, commanded
that all the wise men of Babylon should be put to death.

2:13. And the decree being gone forth, the wise men were slain: and
Daniel and his companions were sought for, to be put to death.

2:14. Then Daniel inquired concerning the law and the sentence, of
Arioch, the general of the king's army, who was gone forth to kill the
wise men of Babylon.

2:15. And he asked him that had received the orders of the king, why so
cruel a sentence was gone forth from the face of the king. And when
Arioch had told the matter to Daniel,

2:16. Daniel went in, and desired of the king, that he would give him
time to resolve the question, and declare it to the king.

2:17. And he went into his house, and told the matter to Ananias, and
Misael, and Azarias, his companions:

2:18. To the end that they should ask mercy at the face of the God of
heaven, concerning this secret, and that Daniel and his companions might
not perish with the rest of the wise men of Babylon.

2:19. Then was the mystery revealed to Daniel by a vision in the night:
and Daniel blessed the God of heaven,

2:20. And speaking, he said: Blessed be the name of the Lord from
eternity and for evermore: for wisdom and fortitude are his.

2:21. And he changeth times and ages: taketh away kingdoms, and
establisheth them: giveth wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to them that
have understanding:

2:22. He revealeth deep and hidden things, and knoweth what is in
darkness: and light is with him.

2:23. To thee, O God of our fathers, I give thanks, and I praise thee:
because thou hast given me wisdom and strength: and now thou hast shewn
me what we desired of thee, for thou hast made known to us the king's

2:24. After this Daniel went in to Arioch, to whom the king had given
orders to destroy the wise men of Babylon, and he spoke thus to him:
Destroy not the wise men of Babylon: bring me in before the king, and I
will tell the solution to the king.

2:25. Then Arioch in haste brought in Daniel to the king, and said to
him: I have found a man of the children of the captivity of Juda, that
will resolve the question to the king.

2:26. The king answered, and said to Daniel, whose name was Baltassar:
Thinkest thou indeed that thou canst tell me the dream that I saw, and
the interpretation thereof?

2:27. And Daniel made answer before the king, and said: The secret that
the king desireth to know, none of the wise men, or the philosophers, or
the diviners, or the soothsayers, can declare to the king.

2:28. But there is a God in heaven that revealeth mysteries, who hath
shewn to thee, O king Nabuchodonosor, what is to come to pass in the
latter times. Thy dream, and the visions of thy head upon thy bed, are

2:29. Thou, O king, didst begin to think in thy bed, what should come to
pass hereafter: and he that revealeth mysteries shewed thee what shall
come to pass.

2:30. To me also this secret is revealed, not by any wisdom that I have
more than all men alive: but that the interpretation might be made
manifest to the king, and thou mightest know the thought of thy mind.

2:31. Thou, O king, sawest, and behold there was as it were a great
statue: this statue, which was great and high, tall of stature, stood
before thee, and the look thereof was terrible.

2:32. The head of this statue was of fine gold, but the breast and the
arms of silver, and the belly and the thighs of brass.

2:33. And the legs of iron, the feet part of iron and part of clay.

2:34. Thus thou sawest, till a stone was cut out of a mountain without
hands: and it struck the statue upon the feet thereof that were of iron
and clay, and broke them in pieces.

2:35. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold
broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of a summer's
threshing floor, and they were carried away by the wind: and there was
no place found for them: but the stone that struck the statue became a
great mountain, and filled the whole earth.

2:36. This is the dream: we will also tell the interpretation thereof
before thee, O king.

2:37. Thou art a king of kings: and the God of heaven hath given thee a
kingdom, and strength, and power, and glory:

2:38. And all places wherein the children of men, and the beasts of the
field do dwell: he hath also given the birds of the air into thy hand,
and hath put all things under thy power: thou, therefore, art the head
of gold.

2:39. And after thee shall rise up another kingdom, inferior to thee, of
silver: and another third kingdom of brass, which shall rule over all
the world.

Another kingdom... Viz., that of the Medes and Persians. Ibid. Third
kingdom... Viz., that of Alexander the Great.

2:40. And the fourth kingdom shall be as iron. As iron breaketh into
pieces, and subdueth all things, so shall that break, and destroy all

The fourth kingdom, etc... Some understand this of the successors of
Alexander, the kings of Syria and Egypt, others of the Roman empire, and
its civil wars.

2:41. And whereas thou sawest the feet, and the toes, part of potter's
clay, and part of iron: the kingdom shall be divided, but yet it shall
take its origin from the iron, according as thou sawest the iron mixed
with the miry clay.

2:42. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay:
the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken.

2:43. And whereas thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay, they shall
be mingled indeed together with the seed of man, but they shall not
stick fast one to another, as iron cannot be mixed with clay.

2:44. But in the days of those kingdoms, the God of heaven will set up a
kingdom that shall never by destroyed, and his kingdom shall not be
delivered up to another people: and it shall break in pieces, and shall
consume all these kingdoms: and itself shall stand for ever.

A kingdom... Viz., the kingdom of Christ in the Catholic Church which
cannot be destroyed.

2:45. According as thou sawest, that the stone was cut out of the
mountain without hands, and broke in pieces the clay and the iron, and
the brass, and the silver, and the gold, the great God hath shewn the
king what shall come to pass hereafter, and the dream is true, and the
interpretation thereof is faithful.

2:46. Then king Nabuchodonosor fell on his face, and worshipped Daniel,
and commanded that they should offer in sacrifice to him victims and

2:47. And the king spoke to Daniel, and said: Verily, your God is the
God of gods, and Lord of kings, and a revealer of hidden things: seeing
thou couldst discover this secret.

2:48. Then the king advanced Daniel to a high station, and gave him many
and great gifts: and he made him governor over all the provinces of
Babylon: and chief of the magistrates over all the wise men of Babylon.

2:49. And Daniel requested of the king, and he appointed Sidrach,
Misach, and Abdenago, over the works of the province of Babylon: but
Daniel himself was in the king's palace.

Daniel Chapter 3

Nabuchodonosor set up a golden statue; which he commands all to adore:
the three children for refusing to do it are cast into the fiery
furnace; but are not hurt by the flames. Their prayer and canticle of

3:1. King Nabuchodonosor made a statue of gold, of sixty cubits high,
and six cubits broad, and he set it up in the plain of Dura, of the
province of Babylon.

3:2. Then Nabuchodonosor, the king, sent to call together the nobles,
the magistrates, and the judges, the captains, the rulers, and
governors, and all the chief men of the provinces, to come to the
dedication of the statue which king Nabuchodonosor had set up.

3:3. Then the nobles, the magistrates, and the judges, the captains, and
rulers, and the great men that were placed in authority, and all the
princes of the provinces, were gathered together to come to the
dedication of the statue, which king Nabuchodonosor had set up. And they
stood before the statue which king Nabuchodonosor had set up.

3:4. Then a herald cried with a strong voice: To you it is commanded, O
nations, tribes and languages:

3:5. That in the hour that you shall hear the sound of the trumpet, and
of the flute, and of the harp, of the sackbut, and of the psaltery, and
of the symphony, and of all kind of music, ye fall down and adore the
golden statue which king Nabuchodonosor hath set up.

3:6. But if any man shall not fall down and adore, he shall the same
hour be cast into a furnace of burning fire.

3:7. Upon this, therefore, at the time when all the people heard the
sound of the trumpet, the flute, and the harp, of the sackbut, and the
psaltery, of the symphony, and of all kind of music, all the nations,
tribes, and languages fell down and adored the golden statue which king
Nabuchodonosor had set up.

3:8. And presently at that very time some Chaldeans came and accused the

3:9. And said to king Nabuchodonosor: O king, live for ever:

3:10. Thou, O king, hast made a decree, that every man that shall hear
the sound of the trumpet, the flute, and the harp, of the sackbut, and
the psaltery, of the symphony, and of all kind of music, shall prostrate
himself, and adore the golden statue:

3:11. And that if any man shall not fall down and adore, he should be
cast into a furnace of burning fire.

3:12. Now there are certain Jews, whom thou hast set over the works of
the province of Babylon, Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago: these men, O
king, have slighted thy decree: they worship not thy gods, nor do they
adore the golden statue which thou hast set up.

3:13. Then Nabuchodonosor in fury, and in wrath, commanded that Sidrach,
Misach, ad Abdenago should be brought: who immediately were brought
before the king.

3:14. And Nabuchodonosor, the king, spoke to them, and said: Is it true,
O Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, that you do not worship my gods, nor
adore the golden statue that I have set up?

3:15. Now, therefore, if you be ready, at what hour soever, you shall
hear the sound of the trumpet, flute, harp, sackbut, and psaltery, and
symphony, and of all kind of music, prostrate yourselves, and adore the
statue which I have made: but if you do not adore, you shall be cast the
same hour into the furnace of burning fire: and who is the God that
shall deliver you out of my hand?

3:16. Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, answered, and said to king
Nabuchodonosor: We have no occasion to answer thee concerning this

3:17. For behold our God, whom we worship, is able to save us from the
furnace of burning fire, and to deliver us out of thy hands, O king.

3:18. But if he will not, be it known to thee, O king, that we will not
worship thy gods, nor adore the golden statue which thou hast set up.

3:19. Then was Nabuchodonosor filled with fury: and the countenance of
his face was changed against Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, and he
commanded that the furnace should be heated seven times more than it had
been accustomed to be heated.

3:20. And he commanded the strongest men that were in his army, to bind
the feet of Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, and to cast them into the
furnace of burning fire.

3:21. And immediately these men were bound, and were cast into the
furnace of burning fire, with their coats, and their caps, and their
shoes, and their garments.

3:22. For the king's commandment was urgent, and the furnace was heated
exceedingly. And the flame of the fire slew those men that had cast in
Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago.

3:23. But these three men, that is, Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, fell
down bound in the midst of the furnace of burning fire.

3:24. And they walked in the midst of the flame, praising God, and
blessing the Lord.

And they walked, etc... Here St. Jerome takes notice, that from this
verse, to ver. 91, was not in the Hebrew in his time. But as it was in
all the Greek Bibles, (which were originally translated from the
Hebrew,) it is more than probable that it had been formerly in the
Hebrew or rather in the Chaldaic, in which the book of Daniel was
written. But this is certain: that it is, and has been of old, received
by the church, and read as canonical scripture in her liturgy, and
divine offices.

3:25. Then Azarias standing up, prayed in this manner, and opening his
mouth in the midst of the fire, he said:

3:26. Blessed art thou, O Lord, the God of our fathers, and thy name is
worthy of praise, and glorious for ever:

3:27. For thou art just in all that thou hast done to us, and all thy
works are true, and thy ways right, and all thy judgments true.

3:28. For thou hast executed true judgments in all the things that thou
hast brought upon us, and upon Jerusalem, the holy city of our fathers:
for according to truth and judgment, thou hast brought all these things
upon us for our sins.

3:29. For we have sinned, and committed iniquity, departing from thee:
and we have trespassed in all things:

3:30. And we have not hearkened to thy commandments, nor have we
observed nor done as thou hadst commanded us, that it might go well with

3:31. Wherefore, all that thou hast brought upon us, and every thing
that thou hast done to us, thou hast done in true judgment:

3:32. And thou hast delivered us into the hands of our enemies that are
unjust, and most wicked, and prevaricators, and to a king unjust, and
most wicked beyond all that are upon the earth.

3:33. And now we cannot open our mouths: we are become a shame, and a
reproach to thy servants, and to them that worship thee.

3:34. Deliver us not up for ever, we beseech thee, for thy name's sake,
and abolish not thy covenant.

3:35. And take not away thy mercy from us, for the sake of Abraham, thy
beloved, and Isaac, thy servant, and Israel, thy holy one:

3:36. To whom thou hast spoken, promising that thou wouldst multiply
their seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand that is on the sea

3:37. For we, O Lord, are diminished more than any nation, and are
brought low in all the earth this day for our sins.

3:38. Neither is there at this time prince, or leader, or prophet, or
holocaust, or sacrifice, or oblation, or incense, or place of first
fruits before thee,

3:39. That we may find thy mercy: nevertheless, in a contrite heart and
humble spirit let us be accepted.

3:40. As in holocausts of rams, and bullocks, and as in thousands of fat
lambs: so let our sacrifice be made in thy sight this day, that it may
please thee: for there is no confusion to them that trust in thee.

3:41. And now we follow thee with all our heart, and we fear thee, and
seek thy face.

3:42. Put us not to confusion, but deal with us according to thy
meekness, and according to the multitude of thy mercies.

3:43. And deliver us, according to thy wonderful works, and give glory
to thy name, O Lord:

3:44. And let all them be confounded that shew evils to thy servants,
let them be confounded in all thy might, and let their strength be

3:45. And let them know that thou art the Lord, the only God, and
glorious over all the world.

3:46. Now the king's servants that had cast them in, ceased not to heat
the furnace with brimstone and tow, and pitch, and dry sticks,

3:47. And the flame mounted up above the furnace nine and forth cubits:

3:48. And it broke forth, and burnt such of the Chaldeans as it found
near the furnace.

3:49. But the angel of the Lord went down with Azarias and his
companions into the furnace: and he drove the flame of the fire out of
the furnace,

3:50. And made the midst of the furnace like the blowing of a wind
bringing dew, and the fire touched them not at all, nor troubled them,
nor did them any harm.

3:51. Then these three, as with one mouth, praised and glorified and
blessed God, in the furnace, saying:

3:52. Blessed art thou, O Lord, the God of our fathers; and worthy to be
praised, and glorified, and exalted above all for ever: and blessed is
the holy name of thy glory: and worthy to be praised and exalted above
all, in all ages.

3:53. Blessed art thou in the holy temple of thy glory: and exceedingly
to be praised and exalted above all for ever.

3:55. Blessed art thou that beholdest the depths, and sittest upon the
cherubims: and worthy to be praised and exalted above all for ever.

3:56. Blessed art thou in the firmament of heaven: and worthy of praise,
and glorious for ever.

3:57. All ye works of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:58. O ye angels of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:59. O ye heavens, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all for

3:60. O all ye waters that are above the heavens, bless the Lord: praise
and exalt him above all for ever.

3:61. O all ye powers of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:62. O ye sun and moon, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
for ever.

3:63. O ye stars of heaven, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.

3:64. O every shower and dew, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:65. O all ye spirits of God, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:66. O ye fire and heat, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
for ever.

3:67. O ye cold and heat, bless the Lord, praise and exalt him above all
for ever.

3:68. O ye dews and hoar frost, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:69. O ye frost and cold, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.

3:70. O ye ice and snow, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
for ever.

3:71. O ye nights and days, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.

3:72. O ye light and darkness, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:73. O ye lightnings and clouds, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:74. O let the earth bless the Lord: let it praise and exalt him above
all for ever.

3:76. O all ye things that spring up in the earth, bless the Lord:
praise and exalt him above all for ever.

3:77. O ye fountains, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all for

3:78. O ye seas and rivers, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above
all for ever.

3:79. O ye whales, and all that move in the waters, bless the Lord:
praise and exalt him above all for ever.

3:80. O all ye fowls of the air, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:81. O all ye beasts and cattle, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:82. O ye sons of men, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him above all
for ever.

3:83. O let Israel bless the Lord: let them praise and exalt him above
all for ever.

3:84. O ye priests of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:85. O ye servants of the Lord, bless the Lord: praise and exalt him
above all for ever.

3:86. O ye spirits and souls of the just, bless the Lord: praise and
exalt him above all for ever.

3:87. O ye holy and humble of heart, bless the Lord: praise and exalt
him above all for ever.

3:88. O Ananias, Azarias, Misael, bless ye the Lord: praise and exalt
him above all for ever. For he hath delivered us from hell, ad saved us
out of the hand of death, and delivered us out of the midst of the
burning flame, and saved us out of the midst of the fire.

3:89. O give thanks to the Lord, because he is good: because his mercy
endureth for ever and ever.

3:90. O all ye religious, bless the Lord, the God of gods: praise him,
and give him thanks, because his mercy endureth for ever and ever.

3:91. Then Nabuchodonosor, the king, was astonished, and rose up in
haste, and said to his nobles: Did we not cast three men bound into the
midst of the fire? They answered the king, and said: True, O king.

3:92. He answered, and said: Behold, I see four men loose, and walking
in the midst of the fire, and there is no hurt in them, and the form of
the fourth is like the son of God.

3:93. Then Nabuchodonosor came to the door of the burning fiery furnace,
and said: Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, ye servants of the most high
God, go ye forth, and come. And immediately Sidrach, Misach, and
Abdenago, went out from the midst of the fire.

3:94. And the nobles, and the magistrates, and the judges, and the great
men of the king, being gathered together, considered these men, that the
fire had no power on their bodies, and that not a hair of their head had
been singed, nor their garments altered, nor the smell of the fire had
passed on them.

3:95. Then Nabuchodonosor breaking forth, said: Blessed be the God of
them, to wit, of Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, who hath sent his angel,
and delivered his servants that believed in him: and they changed the
king's word, and delivered up their bodies, that they might not serve
nor adore any god except their own God.

3:96. By me, therefore, this decree is made: That every people, tribe,
and tongue, which shall speak blasphemy against the God of Sidrach,
Misach, and Abdenago, shall be destroyed, and their houses laid waste:
for there is no other God that can save in this manner.

3:97. Then the king promoted Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, in the
province of Babylon.

3:98. Nabuchodonosor, the king, to all peoples, nations, and tongues,
that dwell in all the earth, peace be multiplied unto you.

Nabuchodonosor, etc... These last three verses are a kind of preface to
the following chapter, which is written in the style of an epistle from
the king.

3:99. The most high God hath wrought signs and wonders towards me. It
hath seemed good to me, therefore, to publish

3:100. His signs, because they are great: and his wonders, because they
are mighty: and his kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and his power to
all generations.

Daniel Chapter 4

Nabuchodonosor's dream, by which the judgments of God are denounced
against him for his pride, is interpreted by Daniel, and verified by the

4:1. I, Nabuchodonosor, was at rest in my house, and flourishing in my

4:2. I saw a dream that affrighted me: and my thoughts in my bed, and
the visions of my head, troubled me.

4:3. Then I set forth a decree, that all the wise men of Babylon should
be brought in before me, and that they should shew me the interpretation
of the dream.

4:4. Then came in the diviners, the wise men, the Chaldeans, and the
soothsayers, and I told the dream before them: but they did not shew me
the interpretation thereof.

4:5. Till their colleague, Daniel, came in before me, whose name is
Baltassar, according to the name of my god, who hath in him the spirit
of the holy gods: and I told the dream before him.

Baltassar, according to the name of my god... He says this, because the
name of Baltassar, or Belteshazzar, is derived from the name of Bel, the
chief god of the Babylonians.

4:6. Baltassar, prince of the diviners, because I know that thou hast in
thee the spirit of the holy gods, and that no secret is impossible to
thee, tell me the visions of my dreams that I have seen, and the
interpretation of them?

4:7. This was the vision of my head in my bed: I saw, and behold a tree
in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was exceeding great.

4:8. The tree was great and strong, and the height thereof reached unto
heaven: the sight thereof was even to the ends of all the earth.

4:9. Its leaves were most beautiful, and its fruit exceeding much: and
in it was food for all: under it dwelt cattle and beasts, and in the
branches thereof the fowls of the air had their abode: and all flesh did
eat of it.

4:10. I saw in the vision of my head upon my bed, and behold a watcher,
and a holy one came down from heaven.

A watcher... A vigilant angel, perhaps the guardian of Israel.

4:11. He cried aloud, and said thus: Cut down the tree, and chop off the
branches thereof: shake off its leaves, and scatter its fruits: let the
beasts fly away that are under it, and the birds from its branches.

4:12. Nevertheless, leave the stump of its roots in the earth, and let
it be tied with a band of iron and of brass, among the grass, that is
without, and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and let its protion
be with the wild beasts in the grass of the earth.

4:13. Let his heart be changed from man's, and let a beast's heart be
given him: and let seven times pass over him.

Let his heart be changed, etc... It does not appear by scripture that
Nabuchodonosor was changed from human shape; much less that he was
changed into an ox; but only that he lost his reason, and became mad;
and in this condition remained abroad in the company of beasts, eating
grass like an ox, till his hair grew in such manner as to resemble the
feathers of eagles, and his nails to be like birds' claws.

4:14. This is the decree by the sentence of the watchers, and the word
and demand of the holy ones: till the living know, that the most High
ruleth in the kingdom of men: and he will give it to whomsoever it shall
please him, and he will appoint the basest man over it.

4:15. I, king Nabuchodonosor, saw this dream: thou, therefore, O
Baltassar, tell me quickly the interpretation: for all the wise men of
my kingdom are not able to declare the meaning of it to me: but thou art
able, because the spirit of the holy gods is in thee.

4:16. Then Daniel, whose name was Baltassar, began silently to think
within himself for about one hour: and his thought troubled him. But the
king answering, said: Baltassar, let not the dream and the
interpretation thereof trouble thee. Baltassar answered, and said: My
lord, the dream be to them that hate thee, and the interpretation
thereof to thy enemies.

4:17. The tree which thou sawest, which was high and strong, whose
height reached to the skies, and the sight thereof into all the earth:

4:18. And the branches thereof were most beautiful, and its fruit
exceeding much, and in it was food for all, under which the beasts of
the field dwelt, and the birds of the air had their abode in its

4:19. It is thou, O king, who art grown great, and become mighty: for
thy greatness hath grown, and hath reached to heaven, and thy power unto
the ends of the earth.

4:20. And whereas the king saw a watcher, and a holy one come down from
heaven, and say: Cut down the tree, and destroy it, but leave the stump
of the roots thereof in the earth, and let it be bound with iron and
brass, among the grass without, and let it be sprinkled with the dew of
heaven, and let his feeding be with the wild beasts, till seven times
pass over him.

4:21. This is the interpretation of the sentence of the most High, which
is come upon my lord, the king.

4:22. They shall cast thee out from among men, and thy dwelling shall be
with cattle, and with wild beasts, and thou shalt eat grass, as an ox,
and shalt be wet with the dew of heaven: and seven times shall pass over
thee, till thou know that the most High ruleth over the kingdom of men,
and giveth it to whomsoever he will.

4:23. But whereas he commanded, that the stump of the roots thereof,
that is, of the tree, should be left: thy kingdom shall remain to thee,
after thou shalt have known that power is from heaven.

4:24. Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to thee, and
redeem thou thy sins with alms, and thy iniquities with works of mercy
to the poor: perhaps he will forgive thy offences.

4:25. All these things came upon king Nabuchodonosor.

4:26. At the end of twelve months he was walking in the palace of

4:27. And the king answered, and said: Is not this the great Babylon,
which I have built, to be the seat of the kingdom, by the strength of my
power, and in the glory of my excellence?

4:28. And while the word was yet in the king's mouth, a voice came down
from heaven: To thee, O king Nabuchodonosor, it is said: Thy kingdom
shall pass from thee.

4:29. And they shall cast thee out from among men, and thy dwelling
shall be with cattle and wild beasts: thou shalt eat grass like an ox,
and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the most High
ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.

4:30. The same hour the word was fulfilled upon Nabuchodonosor, and he
was driven away from among men, and did eat grass, like an ox, and his
body was wet with the dew of heaven: till his hairs grew like the
feathers of eagles, and his nails like birds' claws.

4:31. Now at the end of the days, I, Nabuchodonosor, lifted up my eyes
to heaven, and my sense was restored to me: and I blessed the most High,
and I praised and glorified him that liveth for ever: for his power is
an everlasting power, and his kingdom is to all generations.

4:32. And all the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing before
him: for he doth according to his will, as well with the powers of
heaven, as among the inhabitants of the earth: and there is none that
can resist his hand, and say to him: Why hast thou done it?

4:33. At the same time my sense returned to me, and I came to the honour
and glory of my kingdom: and my shape returned to me: and my nobles, and
my magistrates, sought for me, and I was restored to my kingdom: and
greater majesty was added to me.

4:34. Therefore I, Nabuchodonosor, do now praise, and magnify, and
glorify the King of heaven: because all his works are true, and his ways
judgments, and them that walk in pride he is able to abase.

I, Nabuchodonosor, do now, etc... From this place some commentators
infer that this king became a true convert, and dying not long after,
was probably saved.

Daniel Chapter 5

Baltasar's profane banquet: his sentence is denounced by a handwriting
on the wall, which Daniel reads and interprets.

5:1. Baltasar, the king, made a great feast for a thousand of his
nobles: and every one drank according to his age.

Baltasar... He is believed to be the same as Nabonydus, the last of the
Chaldean kings, grandson to Nabuchodonosor. He is called his son, ver.
2, 11, etc., according to the style of the scriptures, because he was a
descendant from him.

5:2. And being now drunk, he commanded that they should bring the
vessels of gold and silver, which Nabuchodonosor, his father, had
brought away out of the temple, that was in Jerusalem, that the king and
his nobles, and his wives, and his concubines, might drink in them.

5:3. Then were the golden and silver vessels brought, which he had
brought away out of the temple that was in Jeursalem: and the king and
his nobles, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them.

5:4. They drank wine, and praised their gods of gold, and of silver, of
brass, of iron, and of wood, and of stone.

5:5. In the same hour there appeared fingers, as it were of the hand of
a man, writing over against the candlestick, upon the surface of the
wall of the king's palace: and the king beheld the joints of the hand
that wrote.

5:6. Then was the king's countenance changed, and his thoughts troubled
him: and the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees struck one
against the other.

5:7. And the king cried out aloud to bring in the wise men, the
Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spoke, and said to the wise
men of Babylon: Whosoever shall read this writing, and shall make known
to me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with purple, and
shall have a golden chain on his neck, and shall be the third man in my

5:8. Then came in all the king's wise men, but they could neither read
the writing, nor declare the interpretation to the king.

5:9. Wherewith king Baltasar was much troubled, and his countenance was
changed: and his nobles also were troubled.

5:10. Then the queen, on occasion of what had happened to the king, and
his nobles, came into the banquet-house: and she spoke, and said: O
king, live for ever: let not thy thoughts trouble thee, neither let thy
countenance be changed.

The queen... Not the wife, but the mother of the king.

5:11. There is a man in thy kingdom that hath the spirit of the holy
gods in him: and in the days of thy father knowledge and wisdom were
found in him: for king Nabuchodonosor, thy father, appointed him prince
of the wise men, enchanters, Chaldeans, and soothsayers, thy father, I
say, O king:

5:12. Because a greater spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, and
interpretation of dreams, and shewing of secrets, and resolving of
difficult things, were found in him, that is, in Daniel: whom the king
named Baltassar. Now, therefore, let Daniel be called for, and he will
tell the interpretation.

5:13. Then Daniel was brought in before the king. And the king spoke,
and said to him: Art thou Daniel, of the children of the captivity of
Juda, whom my father, the king, brought out of Judea?

5:14. I have heard of thee, that thou hast the spirit of the gods, and
excellent knowledge, and understanding, and wisdom are found in thee.

5:15. And now the wise men, the magicians, have come in before me, to
read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof; and they
could not declare to me the meaning of this writing.

5:16. But I have heard of thee, that thou canst interpret obscure
things, and resolve difficult things: now if thou art able to read the
writing, and to shew me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be
clothed with purple, and shalt have a chain of gold about thy neck, and
shalt be the third prince in my kingdom.

5:17. To which Daniel made answer, and said before the king: thy rewards
be to thyself, and the gifts of thy house give to another: but the
writing I will read to thee, O king, and shew thee the interpretation

5:18. O king, the most high God gave to Nabuchodonosor, thy father, a
kingdom, and greatness, and glory, and honour.

5:19. And for the greatness that he gave to him, all people, tribes, and
languages trembled, and were afraid of him: whom he would, he slew: and
whom he would, he destroyed: and whom he would, he set up: and whom he
would, he brought down.

5:20. But when his heart was lifted up, and his spirit hardened unto
pride, he was put down from the throne of his kingdom, and his glory was
taken away.

5:21. And he was driven out from the the sons of men, and his heart was
made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild asses, and he
did eat grass like an ox, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven:
till he knew that the most High ruled in the kingdom of men, and that he
will set over it whomsoever it shall please him.

5:22. Thou also, his son, O Baltasar, hast not humbled thy heart,
whereas thou knewest all these things:

5:23. But hast lifted thyself up against the Lord of heaven: and the
vessels of his house have been brought before thee: and thou, and thy
nobles, and thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them: and
thou hast praised the gods of silver, and of gold, and of brass, of
iron, and of wood, and of stone, that neither see, nor hear, nor feel:
but the God who hath thy breath in his hand, and all thy ways, thou hast
not glorified.

5:24. Wherefore, he hath sent the part of the hand which hath written
this that is set down.

5:25. And this is the writing that is written: MANE, THECEL, PHARES.

5:26. And this is the interpretation of the word. MANE: God hath
numbered thy kingdom, and hath finished it.

5:27. THECEL: thou art weighed in the balance, and art found wanting.

5:28. PHARES: thy kingdom is divided, and is given to the Medes and

5:29. Then by the king's command, Daniel was clothed with purple, and a
chain of gold was put about his neck: and it was proclaimed of him that
he had power as the third man in the kingdom.

5:30. The same night Baltasar, the Chaldean king, was slain.

5:31. And Darius, the Mede, succeeded to the kingdom, being threescore
and two years old.

Darius... He is called Cyaxares by the historians; and was the son of
Astyages, and uncle to Cyrus.

Daniel Chapter 6

Daniel is promoted by Darius: his enemies procure a law forbidding
prayer; for the transgression of this law Daniel is cast into the lions'
den: but miraculously delivered.

6:1. It seemed good to Darius, and he appointed over the kingdom a
hundred and twenty governors, to be over his whole kingdom.

6:2. And three princes over them of whom Daniel was one: that the
governors might give an account to them, and the king might have no

6:3. And Daniel excelled all the princes, and governors: because a
greater spirit of God was in him.

6:4. And the king thought to set him over all the kingdom; whereupon the
princes, and the governors, sought to find occasion against Daniel, with
regard to the king: and they could find no cause, nor suspicion, because
he was faithful, and no fault, nor suspicion was found in him.

6:5. Then these men said: We shall not find any occasion against this
Daniel, unless perhaps concerning the law of his God.

6:6. Then the princes, and the governors, craftily suggested to the
king, and spoke thus unto him: King Darius, live for ever:

6:7. All the princes of the kingdom, the magistrates, and governors, the
senators, and judges, have consulted together, that an imperial decree,
and an edict be published: That whosoever shall ask any petition of any
god, or man, for thirty days, but of thee, O king, shall be cast into
the den of the lions.

6:8. Now, therefore, O king, confirm the sentence, and sign the decree:
that what is decreed by the Medes and Persians may not be altered, nor
any man be allowed to transgress it.

6:9. So king Darius set forth the decree, and established it.

6:10. Now, when Daniel knew this, that is to say, that the law was made,
he went into his house: and opening the windows in his upper chamber
towards Jerusalem, he knelt down three times a day, and adored and gave
thanks before his God, as he had been accustomed to do before.

6:11. Wherefore those men carefully watching him, found Daniel praying
and making supplication to his God.

6:12. And they came and spoke to the king concerning the edict: O king,
hast thou not decreed, that every man that should make a request to any
of the gods, or men, for thirty days, but to thyself, O king, should be
cast into the den of the lions? And the king answered them, saying: The
word is true, according to the decree of the Medes and Persians, which
it is not lawful to violate.

6:13. Then they answered, and said before the king: Daniel, who is of
the children of the captivity of Juda, hath not regarded thy law, nor
the decree that thou hast made: but three times a day he maketh his

6:14. Now when the king had heard these words, he was very much grieved,
and in behalf of Daniel he set his heart to deliver him, and even till
sunset he laboured to save him.

6:15. But those men perceiving the king's design, said to him: Know
thou, O king, that the law of the Medes and Persians is, that no decree
which the king hath made, may be altered.

6:16. Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him
into the den of the lions. And the king said to Daniel: Thy God, whom
thou always servest, he will deliver thee.

6:17. And a stone was brought, and laid upon the mouth of the den: which
the king sealed with his own ring, and with the ring of his nobles, that
nothing should be done against Daniel.

6:18. And the king went away to his house, and laid himself down without
taking supper, and meat was not set before him, and even sleep departed
from him.

6:19. Then the king rising very early in the morning, went in haste to
the lions' den:

6:20. And coming near to the den, cried with a lamentable voice to
Daniel, and said to him: Daniel, servant of the living God, hath thy
God, whom thou servest always, been able, thinkest thou, to deliver thee
from the lions?

6:21. And Daniel answering the king, said: O king, live for ever:

6:22. My God hath sent his angel, and hath shut up the mouths of the
lions, and they have not hurt me: forasmuch as before him justice hath
been found in me: yea, and before thee, O king, I have done no offence.

6:23. Then was the king exceeding glad for him, and he commanded that
Daniel should be taken out of the den: and Daniel was taken out of the
den, and no hurt was found in him, because he believed in his God.

6:24. And by the king's commandment, those men were brought that had
accused Daniel: and they were cast into the lions' den, they and their
children, and their wives: and they did not reach the bottom of the den,
before the lions caught them, and broke all their bones in pieces.

6:25. Then king Darius wrote to all people, tribes, and languages,
dwelling in the whole earth: PEACE be multiplied unto you.

6:26. It is decreed by me, that in all my empire and my kingdom, all men
dread and fear the God of Daniel. For he is the living and eternal God
for ever: and his kingdom shall not be destroyed, and his power shall be
for ever.

6:27. He is the deliverer, and saviour, doing signs and wonders in
heaven, and in earth: who hath delivered Daniel out of the lions' den.

6:28. Now Daniel continued unto the reign of Darius, and the reign of
Cyrus, the Persian.

Daniel Chapter 7

Daniel's vision of the four beasts, signifying four kingdoms: of God
sitting on his throne: and of the opposite kingdoms of Christ and

7:1. In the first year of Baltasar, king of Babylon, Daniel saw a dream:
and the vision of his head was upon his bed: and writing the dream, he
comprehended it in a few words: and relating the sum of it in short, he

7:2. I saw in my vision by night, and behold the four winds of the
heavens strove upon the great sea.

7:3. And four great beasts, different one from another, came up out of
the sea.

Four great beasts... Viz., the Chaldean, Persian, Grecian, and Roman
empires. But some rather choose to understand the fourth beast of the
successors of Alexander the Great, more especially of them that reigned
in Asia and Syria.

7:4. The first was like a lioness, and had the wings of an eagle: I
beheld till her wings were plucked off, and she was lifted up from the
earth, and stood upon her feet as a man, and the heart of a man was
given to her.

7:5. And behold another beast, like a bear, stood up on one side: and
there were three rows in the mouth thereof, and in the teeth thereof,
and thus they said to it: Arise, devour much flesh.

7:6. After this I beheld, and lo, another like a leopard, and it had
upon it four wings, as of a fowl, and the beast had four heads, and
power was given to it.

7:7. After this I beheld in the vision of the night, and lo, a fourth
beast, terrible and wonderful, and exceeding strong, it had great iron
teeth, eating and breaking in pieces, and treading down the rest with
his feet: and it was unlike to the other beasts which I had seen before
it, and had ten horns.

Ten horns... That is, ten kingdoms, (as Apoc. 17.12,) among which the
empire of the fourth beast shall be parcelled. Or ten kings of the
number of the successors of Alexander; as figures of such as shall be
about the time of Antichrist.

7:8. I considered the horns, and behold another little horn sprung out
of the midst of them: and three of the first horns were plucked up at
the presence thereof: and behold eyes like the eyes of a man were in
this horn, and a mouth speaking great things.

Another little horn... This is commonly understood of Antichrist. It may
also be applied to that great persecutor Antiochus Epiphanes, as a
figure of Antichrist.

7:9. I beheld till thrones were placed, and the ancient of days sat: his
garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like clean wool: his
throne like flames of fire: the wheels of it like a burning fire.

7:10. A swift stream of fire issued forth from before him: thousands of
thousands ministered to him, and ten thousand times a hundred thousand
stood before him: the judgment sat, and the books were opened.

7:11. I beheld, because of the voice of the great words which that horn
spoke: and I saw that the beast was slain, and the body thereof was
destroyed, and given to the fire to be burnt:

7:12. And that the power of the other beasts was taken away: and that
times of life were appointed them for a time, and a time.

7:13. I beheld, therefore, in the vision of the night, and lo, one like
the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and he came even to the
ancient of days: and they presented him before him.

7:14. And he gave him power, and glory, and a kingdom: and all peoples,
tribes, and tongues shall serve him: his power is an everlasting power
that shall not be taken away: and his kingdom that shall not be

7:15. My spirit trembled; I, Daniel, was affrighted at these things, and
the visions of my head troubled me.

7:16. I went near to one of them that stood by, and asked the truth of
him concerning all these things, and he told me the interpretation of
the words, and instructed me:

7:17. These four great beasts, are four kingdoms, which shall arise out
of the earth.

7:18. But the saints of the most high God shall take the kingdom: and
they shall possess the kingdom for ever and ever.

7:19. After this I would diligently learn concerning the fourth beast,
which was very different from all, and exceeding terrible: his teeth and
claws were of iron: he devoured and broke in pieces, and the rest he
stamped upon with his feet:

7:20. And concerning the ten horns that he had on his head: and
concerning the other that came up, before which three horns fell: and of
that horn that had eyes, and a mouth speaking great things, and was
greater than the rest.

7:21. I beheld, and lo, that horn made war against the saints, and
prevailed over them,

7:22. Till the ancient of days came and gave judgment to the saints of
the most High, and the time came, and the saints obtained the kingdom.

7:23. And thus he said: The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom
upon earth, which shall be greater than all the kingdoms, and shall
devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.

7:24. And the ten horns of the same kingdom, shall be ten kings: and
another shall rise up after them, and he shall be mightier than the
former, and he shall bring down three kings.

7:25. And he shall speak words against the High One, and shall crush the
saints of the most High: and he shall think himself able to change times
and laws, and they shall be delivered into his hand until a time, and
times, and half a time.

A time, and times, and half a time... That is, three years and a half;
which is supposed to be the length of the duration of the persecution of

7:26. And a judgment shall sit, that his power may be taken away, and be
broken in pieces, and perish even to the end.

7:27. And that the kingdom, and power, and the greatness of the kingdom,
under the whole heaven, may be given to the people of the saints of the
most High: whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all kings shall
serve him, and shall obey him.

7:28. Hitherto is the end of the word. I, Daniel, was much troubled with
my thoughts, and my countenance was changed in me: but I kept the word
in my heart.

Daniel Chapter 8

Daniel's vision of the ram and the he goat interpreted by the angel

8:1. In the third year of the reign of king Baltasar, a vision appeared
to me. I, Daniel, after what I had seen in the beginning,

8:2. Saw in my vision when I was in the castle of Susa, which is in the
province of Elam: and I saw in the vision that I was over the gate of

8:3. And I lifted up my eyes, and saw: and behold a ram stood before the
water, having two high horns, and one higher than the other, and growing
up. Afterward

A ram... The empire of the Medes and Persians.

8:4. I saw the ram pushing with his horns against the west, and against
the north, and against the south: and no beasts could withstand him, nor
be delivered out of his hand: and he did according to his own will, and
became great.

8:5. And I understood: and behold a he goat came from the west on the
face of the whole earth, and he touched not the ground, and the he goat
had a notable horn between his eyes.

A he goat... The empire of the Greeks, or Macedonians. Ibid. He touched
not the ground... He conquered all before him, with so much rapidity,
that he seemed rather to fly, than to walk upon the earth.-Ibid. A
notable horn... Alexander the Great.

8:6. And he went up to the ram that had the horns, which I had seen
standing before the gate, and he ran towards him in the force of his

8:7. And when he was come near the ram, he was enraged against him, and
struck the ram: and broke his two horns, and the ram cound not withstand
him: and when he had cast him down on the ground, he stamped upon him,
and none could deliver the ram out of his hand.

8:8. And the he goat became exceeding great: and when he was grown, the
great horn was broken, and there came up four horns under it towards the
four winds of heaven.

Four horns... Seleucus, Antigonus, Philip, and Ptolemeus, the successors
of Alexander, who divided his empire among them.

8:9. And out of one of them came forth a little horn: and it became
great against the south, and against the east, and against the strength.

A little horn... Antiochus Epiphanes, a descendant of Seleucus. He grew
against the south, and the east, by his victories over the kings of
Egypt and Armenia: and against the strength, that is, against Jerusalem
and the people of God.

8:10. And it was magnified even unto the strength of heaven: and it
threw down of the strength, and of the stars, and trod upon them.

Unto the strength of heaven... or, against the strength of heaven. So
are here called the army of the Jews, the people of God.

8:11. And it was magnified even to the prince of the strength: and it
took away from him the continual sacrifice, and cast down the place of
his sanctuary.

8:12. And strength was given him against the continual sacrifice,
because of sins: and truth shall be cast down on the ground, and he
shall do and shall prosper.

8:13. And I heard one of the saints speaking, and one saint said to
another I know not to whom, that was speaking: How long shall be the
vision, concerning the continual sacrifice, and the sin of the
desolation that is made: and the sanctuary, and the strength be trodden
under foot?

8:14. And he said to him: Unto evening and morning two thousand three
hundred days: and the sanctuary shall be cleansed.

Unto evening and morning two thousand three hundred days... That is, six
years and almost four months: which was the whole time from the
beginning of the persecution of Antiochus till his death.

8:15. And it came to pass when I, Daniel, saw the vision, and sought the
meaning, that behold there stood before me as it were the appearance of
a man.

8:16. And I heard the voice of a man between Ulai: and he called, and
said: Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision.

8:17. And he came, and stood near where I stood: and when he was come, I
fell on my face, trembling, and he said to me: Understand, O son of man,
for in the time of the end the vision shall be fulfilled.

8:18. And when he spoke to me, I fell flat on the ground: and he touched
me, and set me upright.

8:19. And he said to me: I will shew thee what things are to come to
pass in the end of the malediction: for the time hath its end.

8:20. The ram, which thou sawest with horns, is the king of the Medes
and Persians.

8:21. And the he goat, is the king of the Greeks, and the great horn
that was between his eyes, the same is the first king.

8:22. But whereas when that was borken, there arose up four for it, four
kings shall rise up of his nation, but not with his strength.

8:23. And after their reign, when iniquities shall be grown up, there
shall arise a king of a shameless face, and understanding dark

8:24. And his power shall be strengthened, but not by his own force: and
he shall lay all things waste, and shall prosper, and do more than can
be believed. And he shall destroy the mighty, and the people of the

8:25. According to his will, and craft shall be successful in his hand:
and his heart shall be puffed up, and in the abundance of all things he
shall kill many: and he shall rise up aginst the prince of princes, and
shall be broken without hand.

8:26. And the vision of the evening and the morning, which was told, is
true: thou, therefore, seal up the vision, because it shall come to pass
after many days.

8:27. And I, Daniel, languished, and was sick for some days: and when I
was risen up, I did the king's business, and I was astonished at the
vision, and there was none that could interpret it.

Daniel Chapter 9

Daniel's confession and prayer: Gabriel informs him concerning the
seventy weeks to the coming of Christ.

9:1. In the first year of Darius, the son of Assuerus, of the seed of
the Medes, who reigned over the kingdom of the Chaldeans:

9:2. The first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by books the
number of the years, concerning which the word of the Lord came to
Jeremias, the prophet, that seventy years should be accomplished of the
desolation of Jerusalem.

9:3. And I set my face to the Lord, my God, to pray and make
supplication with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes.

9:4. And I prayed to the Lord, my God, and I made my confession, and
said: I beseech thee, O Lord God, great and terrible, who keepest the
covenant, and mercy to them that love thee, and keep thy commandments.

9:5. We have sinned, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly,
and have revolted: and we have gone aside from thy commandments, and thy

9:6. We have not hearkened to thy servants, the prophets, that have
spoken in thy name to our kings, to our princes, to our fathers, and to
all the people of the land.

9:7. To thee, O Lord, justice: but to us confusion of face, as at this
day to the men of Juda, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all
Israel, to them that are near, and to them that are far off, in all the
countries whither thou hast driven them, for their iniquities, by which
they have sinned against thee.

9:8. O Lord, to us belongeth confusion of face, to our princes, and to
our fathers, that have sinned.

9:9. But to thee, the Lord our God, mercy and forgiveness, for we have
departed from thee:

9:10. And we have not hearkened to the voice of the Lord, our God, to
walk in his law, which he set before us by his servants, the prophets.

9:11. And all Israel have transgressed thy law, and have turned away
from hearing thy voice, and the malediction, and the curse, which is
written in the book of Moses, the servant of God, is fallen upon us,
because we have sinned against him.

9:12. And he hath confirmed his words which he spoke against us, and
against our princes that judged us, that he would bring in upon us a
great evil, such as never was under all the heaven, according to that
which hath been done in Jerusalem.

9:13. As it is written in the law of Moses, all this evil is come upon
us: and we entreated not thy face, O Lord our God, that we might turn
from our iniquities, and think on thy truth.

9:14. And the Lord hath watched upon the evil, and hath brought it upon
us: the Lord, our God, is just in all his works which he hath done: for
we have not hearkened to his voice.

9:15. And now, O Lord, our God, who hast brought forth thy people out of
the land of Egypt, with a strong hand, and hast made thee a name as at
this day: we have sinned, we have committed iniquity,

9:16. O Lord, against all thy justice: let thy wrath and thy indignation
be turned away, I beseech thee, from thy city, Jerusalem, and from thy
holy mountain. For by reason of our sins, and the iniquities of our
fathers, Jerusalem, and thy people, are a reproach to all that are round
about us.

9:17. Now, therefore, O our God, hear the supplication of thy servant,
and his prayers: and shew thy face upon thy sanctuary, which is
desolate, for thy own sake.

9:18. Incline, O my God, thy ear, and hear: open thy eyes, and see our
desolation, and the city upon which thy name is called: for it is not
for our justifications that we present our prayers before thy face, but
for the multitude of thy tender mercies.

9:19. O Lord, hear: O Lord, be appeased: hearken, and do: delay not, for
thy own sake, O my God: because thy name is invocated upon thy city, and
upon thy people.

9:20. Now while I was yet speaking, and praying, and confessing my sins,
and the sins of my people of Israel, and presenting my supplications in
the sight of my God, for the holy mountain of my God:

9:21. As I was yet speaking in prayer, behold the man, Gabriel, whom I
had seen in the vision at the beginning, flying swiftly, touched me at
the time of the evening sacrifice.

The man Gabriel... The angel Gabriel in the shape of a man.

9:22. And he instructed me, and spoke to me, and said: O Daniel, I am
now come forth to teach thee, and that thou mightest understand.

9:23. From the beginning of thy prayers the word came forth: and I am
come to shew it to thee, because thou art a man of desires: therefore,
do thou mark the word, and understand the vision.

Man of desires... that is, ardently praying for the Jews then in

9:24. Seventy weeks are shortened upon thy people, and upon thy holy
city, that transgression may be finished, and sin may have an end, and
iniquity may be abolished; and everlasting justice may be brought; and
vision and prophecy may be fulfilled; and the Saint of saints may be

Seventy weeks... Viz., of years, (or seventy times seven, that is, 490
years,) are shortened; that is, fixed and determined, so that the time
shall be no longer.

9:25. Know thou, therefore, and take notice: that from the going forth
of the word, to build up Jerusalem again, unto Christ, the prince, there
shall be seven weeks, and sixty-two weeks: and the street shall be built
again, and the walls, in straitness of times.

From the going forth of the word, etc... That is, from the twentieth
year of king Artaxerxes, when by his commandment Nehemias rebuilt the
walls of Jerusalem, 2 Esd. 2. From which time, according to the best
chronology, there were just sixty-nine weeks of years, that is, 483
years to the baptism of Christ, when he first began to preach and
execute the office of Messias.-Ibid. In straitness of times... angustia
temporum: which may allude both to the difficulties and opposition they
met with in building: and to the shortness of the time in which they
finished the wall, viz., fifty-two days.

9:26. And after sixty-two weeks Christ shall be slain: and the people
that shall deny him shall not be his. And a people, with their leader,
that shall come, shall destroy the city, and the sanctuary: and the end
thereof shall be waste, and after the end of the war the appointed

A people with their leader... The Romans under Titus.

9:27. And he shall confirm the covenant with many, in one week: and in
the half of the week the victim and the sacrifice shall fail: and there
shall be in the temple the abomination of desolation: and the desolation
shall continue even to the consummation, and to the end.

In the half of the week... or, in the middle of the week, etc. Because
Christ preached three years and a half: and then by his sacrifice upon
the cross abolished all the sacrifices of the law.-Ibid. The abomination
of desolation... Some understand this of the profanation of the temple
by the crimes of the Jews, and by the bloody faction of the zealots.
Others of the bringing in thither the ensigns and standard of the pagan
Romans. Others, in fine, distinguish three different times of
desolation: viz., that under Antiochus; that when the temple was
destroyed by the Romans; and the last near the end of the world under
Antichrist. To all which, as they suppose, this prophecy may have a

Daniel Chapter 10

Daniel having humbled himself by fasting and penance seeth a vision,
with which he is much terrified; but he is comforted by an angel.

10:1. In the third year of Cyrus, king of the Persians, a word was
revealed to Daniel, surnamed Baltassar, and a true word, and great
strength: and he understood the word: for there is need of understanding
in a vision.

10:2. In those days I, Daniel, mourned the days of three weeks.

10:3. I ate no desirable bread, and neither flesh, nor wine, entered
into my mouth, neither was I anointed with ointment: till the days of
three weeks were accomplished.

10:4. And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, I was by the
great river, which is the Tigris.

10:5. And I lifted up my eyes, and I saw: and behold a man clothed in
linen, and his loins were girded with the finest gold:

10:6. And his body was like the chrysolite, and his face as the
appearance of lightning, and his eyes as a burning lamp: and his arms,
and all downward even to the feet, like in appearance to glittering
brass: and the voice of his word like the voice of a multitude.

10:7. And I, Daniel alone, saw the vision: for the men that were with me
saw it not: but an exceeding great terror fell upon them, and they fled
away, and hid themselves.

10:8. And I, being left alone, saw this great vision: and there remained
no strength in me, and the appearance of my countenance was changed in
me, and I fainted away, and retained no strength.

10:9. And I heard the voice of his words: and when I heard I lay in a
consternation upon my face, and my face was close to the ground.

10:10. And behold a hand touched me, and lifted me up upon my knees, and
upon the joints of my hands.

10:11. And he said to me: Daniel, thou man of desires, understand the
words that I speak to thee, and stand upright: for I am sent now to
thee. And when he had said this word to me, I stood trembling.

10:12. And he said to me: Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that
thou didst set thy heart to understand, to afflict thyself in the sight
of thy God, thy words have been heard: and I am come for thy words.

10:13. But the prince of the kingdom of the Persians resisted me one and
twenty days: and behold Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help
me, and I remained there by the king of the Persians.

The prince, etc... That is, the angel guardian of Persia: who according
to his office, seeking the spiritual good of the Persians was desirous
that many of the Jews should remain among them.

10:14. But I am come to teach thee what things shall befall thy people
in the latter days, for as yet the vision is for days.

10:15. And when he was speaking such words to me, I cast down my
countenance to the ground, and held my peace.

10:16. And behold as it were the likeness of a son of man touched my
lips: then I opened my mouth and spoke, and said to him that stood
before me: O my lord, at the sight of thee my joints are loosed, and no
strength hath remained in me.

10:17. And how can the servant of my lord speak with my lord? for no
strength remaineth in me; moreover, my breath is stopped.

10:18. Therefore, he that looked like a man, touched me again, and
strengthened me.

10:19. And he said: Fear not, O man of desires, peace be to thee: take
courage, and be strong. And when he spoke to me, I grew strong, and I
said: Speak, O my lord, for thou hast strengthened me.

10:20. And he said: Dost thou know wherefore I am come to thee? And now
I will return, to fight against the prince of the Persians. When I went
forth, there appeared the prince of the Greeks coming.

10:21. But I will tell thee what is set down in the scripture of truth:
and none is my helper in all these things, but Michael your prince.

Michael your prince... The guardian general of the church of God.

Daniel Chapter 11

The angel declares to Daniel many things to come, with regard to the
Persian and Grecian kings: more especially with regard to Antiochus as a
figure of Antichrist.

11:1. And from the first year of Darius, the Mede, I stood up, that he
might be strengthened, and confirmed.

11:2. And now I will shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand yet
three kings in Persia, and the fourth shall be enriched exceedingly
above them all: and when he shall be grown mighty by his riches, he
shall stir up all against the kingdom of Greece.

Three kings... Viz., Cambyses, Smerdes Magus, and Darius, the son of
Hystaspes.-Ibid. The fourth... Xerxes.

11:3. But there shall rise up a strong king, and shall rule with great
power: and he shall do what he pleaseth.

A strong king... Alexander.

11:4. And when he shall come to his height, his kingdom shall be broken,
and it shall be divided towards the four winds of the heaven: but not to
his posterity, nor according to his pwoer with wheich he ruled. For his
kingdom shall be rent in pieces, even for strangers, besides these.

11:5. And the king of the south shall be strengthened, and one of his
princes shall prevail over him, and he shall rule with great power: for
his dominions shall be great.

The king of the south... Ptolemeus the son of Lagus, king of Egypt,
which lies south of Jerusalem.-Ibid. One of his princes... that is, one
of Alexander's princes, shall prevail over him: that is, shall be
stronger than the king of Egypt. He speaks of Seleucus Nicator, king of
Asia and Syria, whose successors are here called the kings of the north,
because their dominions lay to the north in respect to Jerusalem.

11:6. And after the end of years they shall be in league together: and
the daughter of the king of the south shall come to the king of the
north to make friendship, but she shall not obtain the strength of the
arm, neither shall her seed stand: and she shall be given up, and her
young men that brought her, and they that strengthened her in these

The daughter of the king of the south... Viz., Berenice, daughter of
Ptolemeus Philadelphus, given in marriage to Antiochus Theos, grandson
of Seleucus.

11:7. And a plant of the bud of her roots shall stand up: and he shall
come with an army, and shall enter into the province of the king of the
north: and he shall abuse them, and shall prevail.

A plant, etc... Ptolemeus Evergetes, the son of Philadelphus.

11:8. And he shall also carry away captive into Egypt their gods, and
their graven things, and their precious vessels of gold and silver: he
shall prevail aginst the king of the north.

The king of the north... Seleucus Callinicus.

11:9. And the king of the south shall enter into the kingdom, and shall
return to his own land.

11:10. And his sons shall be provoked, and they shall assemble a
multitude of great forces: and he shall come with haste like a flood:
and he shall return, and be stirred up, and he shall join battle with
his force.

His sons... Seleucus Ceraunius, and Antiochus the Great, the sons of
Callinicus.-Ibid. He shall come... Viz., Antiochus the Great.

11:11. And the king of the south being provoked, shall go forth, and
shall fight against the king of the north, and shall prepare an
exceeding great multitude, and a multitude shall be given into his

The king of the south... Ptolemeus Philopator, son of Evergetes.

11:12. And he shall take a multitude, and his heart shall be lifted up,
and he shall cast down many thousands: but he shall not prevail.

11:13. For the king of the north shall return, and shall prepare a
multitude much greater than before: and in the end of times, and years,
he shall come in haste with a great army, and much riches.

11:14. And in those times many shall rise up against the king of the
south, and the children of prevaricators of thy people shall lift up
themselves to fulfil the vision, and they shall fall.

11:15. And the king of the north shall come, and shall cast up a mount,
and shall take the best fenced citits: and the arms of the south shall
not withstand, and his chosen ones shall rise up to resist, and they
shall not have strength.

11:16. And he shall come upon him, and do according to his pleasure, and
there shall be none to stand against his face: and he shall stand in the
glorious land, and it shall be consumed by his hand.

He shall come upon him... Viz., Antiochus shall come upon the king of
the south.-Ibid. The glorious land... Judea.

11:17. And he shall set his face to come to possess all his kingdom, and
he shall make upright conditions with him: and he shall give him a
daughter of women, to overthrow it: and she shall not stand, neither
shall she be for him.

All his kingdom... Viz., all the kingdom of Ptolemeus Epiphanes, son of
Philopator.-Ibid. A daughter of women... That is, a most beautiful
woman, viz., his daughter Cleopatra.-Ibid. To overthrow it... Viz., the
kingdom of Epiphanes: but his policy shall not succeed; for Cleopatra
shall take more to heart the interest of her husband, than that of her

11:18. And he shall turn his face to the islands, and shall take many:
and he shall cause the prince of his reproach to cease, and his reproach
shall be turned upon him.

The prince of his reproach... Seipio the Roman general, called the
prince of his reproach, because he overthrew Antiochus, and obliged him
to submit to very dishonourable terms, before he would cease from the

11:19. And he shall turn his face to the empire of his own land, and he
shall stumble, and fall, ans shall not be found.

11:20. And there shall stand up in his place one most vile, and unworthy
of kingly honour: and in a few days he shall be destroyed, not in rage
nor in battle.

One most vile... Seleucus Philopator, who sent Heliodorus to plunder the
temple: and was shortly after slain by the same Heliodorus.

11:21. And there shall stand up in his place one despised, and the
kingly honour shall not be given him: and he shall come privately, and
shall obtain the kingdom by fraud.

One despised... Viz., Antiochus Epiphanes, who at first was despised and
not received for king. What is here said of this prince, is accommodated
by St. Jerome and others to Antichrist; of whom this Antiochus was a

11:22. And the arms of the fighter shall be overcome before his face,
and shall be broken: yea, also the prince of the covenant.

Of the fighter... That is, of them that shall oppose him, and shall
fight against him.-Ibid. The prince of the covenant... or, of the
league. The chief of them that conspired against him: or the king of
Egypt his most powerful adversary.

11:23. And after friendships, he will deal deceitfully with him: and he
shall go up, and shall overcome with a small people.

11:24. And he shall enter into rich and plentiful cities: and he shall
do that which his fathers never did, nor his fathers' fathers: he shall
scatter their spoils, and their prey, and their riches, and shall
forecast devices against the best fenced places: and this until a time.

11:25. And his strength, and his heart, shall be stirred up aginst the
king of the south, with a great army: and the king of the south shall be
stirred up to battle with many and very strong succours: and they shall
not stand, for they shall form designs against him.

The king... Ptolemeus Philometor.

11:26. And they that eat bread with him, shall destroy him, and his army
shall be overthrown: and many shall fall down slain.

11:27. And the heart of the two kings shall be to do evil, and they
shall speak lies at one table, and they shall not prosper: because as
yet the end is unto another time.

11:28. And he shall return into his land with much riches: and his heart
shall be aginst the holy covenant, and he shall succeed, and shall
return into his own land.

11:29. At the time appointed he shall return, and he shall come to the
south, but the latter time shall not be like the former.

11:30. And the galleys and the Romans shall come upon him, and he shall
be struck, and shall return, and shall have indignation against
thecovenant of the sanctuary, and he shall succeed: and he shall
returnm, and shall devise against them that haave forsaken the covenant
of the sanctuary.

The galleys and the Romans... Popilius, and the other Roman ambassadors,
who came in galleys, and obliged him to depart from Egypt.

11:31. And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall defile the
sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the continual sacrifice: and
they shall place there the abomination unto desolation.

They shall place there the abomination, etc... The idol of Jupiter
Olympius, which Antiochus ordered to be set up in the sanctuary of the
temple: which is here called the sanctuary of strength, from the
Almighty that was worshipped there.

11:32. And such as deal wickedly against the covenant shall deceitfully
dissemble: but the people that know their God shall prevail and succeed.

11:33. And they that are learned among the people shall teach many: and
they shall fall by the sword, and by fire, and by captivity, and by
spoil for many days.

11:34. And when they shall have fallen, they shall be relieved with a
small help: and many shall be joined to them deceitfully.

11:35. And some of thelearned shall fall, that they may be tried, and
may be chosen, and made white, even to the appointed time: because yet
there shall be another time.

11:36. And the king shall do according to his will, and he shall be
lifted up, and shall magnify himself against every god: and he shall
speak great things against the God of gods, and shall prosper, till the
wrath be accomplished. For the determination is made.

11:37. And he shall make no account of the God of his fathers: and he
shall follow the lust of women, and he shall not regard any gods: for he
shall rise up against all things.

11:38. But he shall worship the god Maozim, in his place: and a god whom
his fathers knew not, he shall worship with gold, and silver, and
precious stones, and things of great price.

The god Maozim... That is, the god of forces or strong holds.

11:39. And he shall do this to fortify Maozim with a strange god, whom
he hath acknowledged, and he shall increase glory, and shall give them
power over many, and shall divide the land gratis.

And he shall increase glory, etc... He shall bestow honours, riches and
lands, upon them that shall worship his god.

11:40. And at the time prefixed the king of the south shall fight
against him, and the king of the north shall come against him like a
tempest, with chariots, andwith horsemen, and with a great navy, and he
shall enter into the countries, and shall destroy, and pass through.

11:41. And he shal enter into the glorious land, ansd many shall fall:
and these only shakll be saved out of his hand, Edom, and Moab, and the
principality of the children of Ammon.

11:42. And he shall lay his hand upon the lands: and the land of Egypt
shall not escape.

11:43. And he shall have power over the treasures of gold, and of
silver, and all the precious things of Egypt: and he shall pass through
Lybia, and Ethiopia.

11:44. And tidings out of the east, and out of the north, shall trouble
him: and he shall come with a great multitude to destroy and slay many.

11:45. And he shall fix his tabernacle, Apadno, between the seas, upon a
glorious and holy mountain: and he shall come even to the top thereof,
and none shall help him.

Apadno... Some take it for the proper name of a place: others, from the
Hebrew, translate it his palace.

Daniel Chapter 12

Michael shall stand up for the people of God: with other things relating
to Antichrist, and the end of the world.

12:1. But at that time shall Michael rise up, the great prince, who
standeth for the children of thy people: and a time shall come, such as
never was from the time that nations began, even until that time. And at
that time shall thy people be saved, every one that shall be found
written in the book.

12:2. And many of those that sleep in the dust of the earth, shall
awake: some unto life everlasting, and others unto reproach, to see it

12:3. But they that are learned, shall shine as the brightness of the
firmament: and they that instruct many to justice, as stars for all

Learned... Viz., in the law of God and true wisdom, which consists in
knowing and loving God.

12:4. But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to
the time appointed: many shall pass over, and knowledge shall be

12:5. And I, Daniel, looked, and behold as it were two others stood: one
on this side upon the bank of the river, and another on that side, on
the other bank of the river.

12:6. And I said to the man that was clothed in linen, that stood upon
the waters of the river: How long shall it be to the end of these

12:7. And I heard the man that was clothed in linen, that stood upon the
waters of the river, when he had lifted up his right hand, and his left
hand to heaven, and had sworn by him that liveth for ever, that it
should be unto a time, and times, and half a time. And when the
scattering of the band of the holy people shall be accomplished, all
these things shall be finished.

12:8. And I heard, and understood not. And I said: O my lord, what shall
be after these things?

12:9. And he said: Go, Daniel, because the words are shut up, and sealed
until the appointed time.

12:10. Many shall be chosen, and made white, and shall be tried as fire:
and the wicked shall deal wickedly, and none of the wicked shall
understand, but the learned shall understand.

12:11. And from the time when the continual sacrifice shall be taken
away, and the abomination unto desolation shall be set up, there shall
be a thousand two hundred ninety days.

12:12. Blessed is he that waitedth, and cometh unto a thousand three
hundred thirty-five days.

12:13. But go thou thy ways until the time appointed: and thou shalt
rest, and stand in thy lot unto the end of the days.

Daniel Chapter 13

The history of Susanna and the two elders.

This history of Susanna, in all the ancient Greek and Latin Bibles, was
placed in the beginning of the book of Daniel: till St. Jerome, in his
translation, detached it from thence; because he did not find it in the
Hebrew: which is also the case of the history of Bel and the Dragon. But
both the one and the other are received by the Catholic Church: and were
from the very beginning a part of the Christian Bible.

13:1. Now there was a man that dwelt in Babylon, and his name was

13:2. And he took a wife, whose name was Susanna, the daughter of
Helcias, a bery beautiful woman, and one that feared God.

13:3. For her parents being just, had instructed their daughter
according to the law of Moses.

13:4. Now Joakim was very rich, and had an orchard near his house: and
the Jews resorted to him, because he was the most honourable of them

13:5. And there were two of the ancients of the people appointed judges
that year, of whom the Lord said: That iniquity came out from Babylon,
from the ancient judges, that seemed to govern the people.

13:6. These men frequented the house of Joakim, and all that hand any
maters of judgment came to them.

13:7. And when the people departed away at noon, Susanna went in, and
walked in her husband's orchard.

13:8. And the old men saw her going in every day, and walking: and they
were inflamed with lust towards her:

13:9. And they perverted their own mind, and turned away their eyes,
that they might not look unto heaven, nor remember just judgments.

13:10. So they were both wounded with the love of her, yet they did not
make known their grief one to the other.

13:11. For they were ashamed to declare to one another their lust, being
desirous to have to do with her:

13:12. And they watched carefully every day to see her. And one said to
the other:

13:13. Let us now go home, for it is dinner time. So going out, they
departed one from another.

13:14. And turning back again, they came both to the same place: and
asking one another the cause, they acknowledged their lust: and then
they agreed together upon a time, when they might find her alone.

13:15. And it fell out, as they watched a fit day, she went in on a
time, as yesterday and the day before, with two maids only, and was
desirous to wash herself in the orchard: for it was hot weather.

13:16. And there was nobody there, but the two old men that had hid
themselves, and were beholding her.

13:17. So she said to the maids: Bring me oil, and washing balls, and
shut the doors of the orchard, that I may wash me.

13:18. And they did as she bade them: and they shut the doors of the
orchard, and went out by a back door to fetch what she had commanded
them, and they knew not that the elders were hid within.

13:19. Now when the maids were gone forth, the two elders arose, and ran
to her, and said:

13:20. Behold the doors of the orchard are shut, and nobody seeth us,
and we are in love with thee: wherefore consent to us, and lie with us.

13:21. But if thou wilt not, we will bear witness against thee, that a
young man was with thee, and therefore thou didst send away thy maids
form thee.

13:22. Susanna sighed, and said: I am straitened on every side: for if I
do this thing, it is death to me: and if I do it not, I shall not escape
your hands.

13:23. But it is better for me to fall into your hands without doing it,
than to sin in the sight of the Lord.

13:24. With that Susanna cried out with a loud voice: and the elders
also cried out against her.

13:25. And one of them ran to the door of the orchard, and opened it.

13:26. So when the servants of the house heard the cry in the orchard,
they rushed in by the back door, to see what was the matter.

13:27. But after the old men had spoken, the servants were greatly
ashamed: for never had there been any such word said of Susanna. And on
the next day,

13:28. When the people were come to Joakim, her husband, the two elders
also came full of wicked device against Susanna, to put her to death.

13:29. And they said before the people: Send to Susanna, daughter of
Helcias, the wife of Joakim. And presently they sent.

13:30. And she came with her parents, and children and all her kindred.

13:31. Now Susanna was exceeding delicate, and beautiful to behold.

13:32. But those wicked men commanded that her face should be uncovered,
(for she was covered) that so at least they might be satisfied with her

13:33. Therefore her friends, and all her acquaintance wept.

13:34. But the two elders rising up in the midst of the people, laid
their hands upon her head.

13:35. And she weeping, looked kup to heaven, for her heart had
confidence in the Lord.

13:36. And the elders said: As we walked in the orchard alone, this
woman came in with two maids, and shut the doors of the orchard, ans
sent away the maids from her.

13:37. Then a young man that was there hid came to her, and lay with

13:38. But we that were in a corner of the orchard, seeing this
wickedness, ran up to them, and we saw them lie together.

13:39. And him indeed we could not take, because he was stronger than
us, and opening the doors, he leaped out:

13:40. But having taken this woman, we asked who the young man was, but
she would not tell us: of this thing we are witnesses.

13:41. The multitude believed them, as being the elders, and the judges
of the people, and they condemned her to death.

13:42. Then Susanna cried out with a loud voice, and said: O eternal
God, who knowest hidden things, who knowest all things before they come
to pass,

13:43. Thou knowest that they have borne false witness against me: and
behold I must die, whereas I have done none of these things, which these
men have maliciously forged against me.

13:44. And the Lord heard her voice.

13:45. And when she was led to be put to death, the Lord raised up the
holy spirit of a young boy, whose name was Daniel:

13:46. And he cried out with a loud voice: I am clear from the blood of
this woman.

13:47. Then all the people turning themselves towards him, said: What
meaneth this word that thou hast spoken?

13:48. But he standing in the midst of them, said: Are ye so foolish, ye
children of Israel, that without examination or knowledge of the truth,
you have condemned a daughter of Israel?

13:49. Return to judgment, for they have borne false witness against

13:50. So all the people turned again in haste, and the old men said to
him: Come, and sit thou down among us, and shew it us: seeing God hath
given thee the honour of old age.

13:51. And Daniel said to the people: Separate these two far from one
another, and I will examine them.

13:52. So when they were put asunder one from the other, he called one
of them, and said to him: O thou that art grown old in evil days, now
are thy sins come out, which thou hast committed before:

13:53. In judging unjust judgments, oppressing the innocent, and letting
the guilty to go free, whereas the Lord saith: The innocent and the just
thou shalt not kill.

13:54. Now then if thou sawest her, tell me under what tree thou sawest
them conversing together: He said: Under a mastic tree.

13:55. And Daniel said: Welll hast thou lide against thy own head: for
behold the angel of God having recieved the sentence of him, shall cut
thee in two.

13:56. And having put him aside, he commanded that the other should
come, and he said to him: O thou seed of Chanaan, and not of Juda,
beauty hath deceived tee, and lust hath perverted thy heart:

13:57. Thus did you do to the daughters of Israel, and they for fear
conversed with you: but a daughter of Juda would not abide your

13:58. Now, therefore, tell me, under what tree didst thou take them
conversing together. And he answered: Under a holm tree.

13:59. And Daniel said to him: Well hast thou also lied against thy own
head: for the angel of the Lord waiteth with a sword to cut thee in two,
and to destroy you.

13:60. With that all the assembly cried out with a loud voice, and they
blessed God, who saveth them that trust in him.

13:61. And they rose up against the two elders, (for Daniel had
convicted them of false witness by their own mouth) and they did to them
as they had maliciously dealt against their neighbour,

13:62. To fulfil the law of Moses: and they put them to death, and
innocent blood was saved in that day.

13:63. But Helcias, and his wife, praised God, for their daughter,
Susanna, with Joakim, her husband, and all her kindred, because there
was no dishonesty found in her.

13:64. And Daniel became great in the sight of the people from that day,
and thence forward.

13:65. And king Astyages was gathered to his fathers; and Cyrus, the
Persian, received his kingdom.

Daniel Chapter 14

The history of Bel, and of the great serpent worshipped by the

14:1. And Daniel was the king's guest, and was honoured above all his

The king's guest... It seems most probable, that the king here spoken of
was Evilmerodach, the son and successor of Nabuchodonosor, and a great
favourer of the Jews.

14:2. Now the Babylonians had an idol called Bel: and there was spent
upon him every day twelve great measures of fine flour, and forty sheep,
and six vessels of wine.

14:3. The king also worshipped him, and went every day to adore him: but
Daniel adored his God. And the king said to him: Why dost thou not adore

14:4. And he answered, and said to him: Because I do not worship idols
made with hands, but the living God, that created heaven and earth, and
hath power over all flesh.

14:5. And the king said to him: Doth not Bel seem to thee to be a living
god? Seest thou not how much he eateth and drinketh every day?

14:6. Then Daniel smiled, and siad: O king, be not deceived: for this is
but clay within, and brass without, neither hath he eaten at any time.

14:7. And the king being angry, called for his priests, and siad to
them: If you tell me not who it is that eateth up these expenses, you
shall die.

14:8. But if you can shew that Bel eateth these things, Daniel shall
die, because he hath blasphemed against Bel. And Daniel said to the
king: Be it done according to thy word.

14:9. Now the priests of Bel were seventy, beside their wives, and
little ones, and children. And the king went with Daniel into the temple
of Bel.

14:10. And the priests of Bel said: Behold, we go out: and do thou, O
king, set on the meats, and make ready the wine, and shut the door fast,
and seal it with thy own ring:

14:11. And when thou comest in the morning, if thou findest not that Bel
hath eaten up all, we will suffer death, or else Daniel, that hath lied
against us.

14:12. And they little regarded it, because they had made under the
table a secret entrance, and they always came in by it, and consumed
those things.

14:13. So it came to pass after they were gone out, the king set the
meats before Bel: and Daniel commanded his servants, and they brought
ashes, and he sifted them all over the temple before the king: and going
forth, they shut the door, and having sealed it with the king's ring,
they departed.

14:14. But the priests went in by night, according to their custom, with
their wives, and their children: and they eat and drank up all.

14:15. And the king arose early in the morning, and Daniel with him.

14:16. And the king said: Are the seals whole, Daniel? And he answered:
They lare whole, O king.

14:17. And as soon as he had opened the door, the king looked upon the
table, and cried out with a loud voice: Great art thou, O Bel, and there
is not any deceit with thee.

14:18. And Daniel laughed: and he held the king, that he should not go
in: and he said: Behold the pavement, mark whose footsteps these are.

14:19. And the king said: I see the footsteps of men, and women, and
children. And the king was angry.

14:20. Then he took the priests, and their wives, and their children:
and they shewed him the private doors by which they came in, and
consumed the things that were on the table.

14:21. The king, therefore, put them to death, and delivered Bel into
the power of Daniel: who destroyed him and his temple.

14:22. And there was a great dragon in that place, and the Babylonians
worshipped him.

14:23. And the king said to Daniel: Behold, thou canst not say now, that
this is not a living god: adore him, therefore.

14:24. And Daniel said: I adore the Lord, my God: for he is the living
God: but that is no living god.

14:25. But give me leave, O king, and I will kill this dreagon without
sword or club. And the king said, I give thee leave.

14:26. Then Daniel took pitch, and fat, and hair, and boiled them
together: and he made lumps, and put them into the dragon's mouth, and
the dragon burst asunder. And he said: Behold him whom you worship.

14:27. And when the Babylonians had heard this, they took great
indignation: and being gathered together against the king, they said:
The king is become a Jew. He hath destroyed Bel, he hath killed the
dragon, and he hath put the priests to death.

14:28. And they came to the king, and said: Deliver us Daniel, or else
we will destroy thee and thy house.

14:29. And the king saw that they pressed upon him violently: and being
constrained by necessity: he delivered Daniel to them.

14:30. And they cast him into the den of lions, and he was there six

The den of lions... Daniel was twice cast into the den of lions; one
under Darius the Mede, because he had transgressed the king's edict, by
praying three times a day: and another time under Evilmerodach by a
sedition of the people. This time he remained six days in the lions'
den; the other time only one night.

14:31. And in the den there were seven lions, and they had given to them
two carcasses every day, and two sheep: but then they were not given
unto them, that they might devour Daniel.

14:32. Now there was in Judea a prophet called Habacuc, and he had
boiled pottage, and had broken bread in a bowl: and was going into the
field, to carry it to the reapers.

Habacuc... The same, as some think whose prophecy is found among the
lesser prophets but others believe him to be different.

14:33. And the angel of the Lord said to Habacuc: Carry the dinner which
thou hast into Babylon, to Daniel, who is in the lions' den.

14:34. And Habacuc said: Lord, I never saw Babylon, nor do I know the

14:35. And the angel of the Lord took him by the top of his head, and
carried him by the hair of his head, and set him in Babylon, over the
den, in the force of his spirit.

14:36. And Habacuc cried, saying: O Daniel, thou servant of God, take
the dinner that God hath sent thee.

14:37. And Daniel said, Thou hast remembered me, O God, and thou hast
not forsaken them that love thee.

14:38. And Daniel arose, and eat. And the angel of the Lord presently
set Habacuc again in his own place.

14:39. And upon the seventh day the king came to bewail Daniel: and he
came to the den, and looked in, and behold Daniel was sitting in the
midst of the lions.

14:40. And the king cried out with a loud voice, saying: Great art thou,
O Lord, the God of DAniel. And he drew him out of the lions' den.

14:41. But those that had been the cause of his destruction, he cast
into the den, and they were devoured in a moment before him.

14:42. Then the king said: Let all the inhabitants of the whole earth
fear the God of Daniel: for he is the Saviour, working signs, and
wonders in the earth: who hath delivered Daniel out of the lions' den.

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