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´╗┐Title: The Bible, Douay-Rheims, Book 20: Job - The Challoner Revision
Author: - To be updated
Language: English
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*** Start of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "The Bible, Douay-Rheims, Book 20: Job - The Challoner Revision" ***


Translated from the Latin Vulgate

Diligently Compared with the Hebrew, Greek,
and Other Editions in Divers Languages

First Published by the English College at Douay
A.D. 1609 & 1610


First Published by the English College at Rheims
A.D. 1582

With Annotations

The Whole Revised and Diligently Compared with
the Latin Vulgate by Bishop Richard Challoner
A.D. 1749-1752


This Book takes its name from the holy man of whom it treats: who,
according to the more probable opinion, was of the race of Esau; and the
same as Jobab, king of Edom, mentioned Gen. 36.33. It is uncertain who
was the writer of it. Some attribute it to Job himself; others to Moses,
or some one of the prophets. In the Hebrew it is written in verse, from
the beginning of the third chapter to the forty-second chapter.

Job Chapter 1

1:1. There was a man in the land of Hus, whose name was Job, and that
man was simple and upright, and fearing God, and avoiding evil.

Hus... The land of Hus was a part of Edom; as appears from Lam. 4.21.
Ibid. Simple... That is, innocent, sincere, and without guile.

1:2. And there were born to him seven sons and three daughters.

1:3. And his possession was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand
camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a
family exceedingly great: and this man was great among all the people of
the east.

1:4. And his sons went, and made a feast by houses, every one in his
day. And sending, they called their three sisters, to eat and drink with

And made a feast by houses... That is, each made a feast in his own
house and had his day, inviting the others, and their sisters.

1:5. And when the days of their feasting were gone about, Job sent to
them, and sanctified them: and rising up early, offered holocausts for
every one of them. For he said: Lest perhaps my sons have sinned, and
have blessed God in their hearts. So did Job all days.

Blessed... For greater horror of the very thought of blasphemy, the
scripture both here and ver. 11, and in the following chapter, ver. 5
and 9, uses the word bless to signify its contrary.

1:6. Now on a certain day, when the sons of God came to stand before the
Lord, Satan also was present among them.

The sons of God... The angels.-Ibid. Satan also, etc.. This passage
represents to us in a figure, accommodated to the ways and
understandings of men, 1. The restless endeavours of Satan against the
servants of God; 2. That he can do nothing without God's permission; 3.
That God doth not permit him to tempt them above their strength: but
assists them by his divine grace in such manner, that the vain efforts
of the enemy only serve to illustrate their virtue and increase their

1:7. And the Lord said to him: Whence comest thou? And he answered and
said: I have gone round about the earth, and walked through it.

1:8. And the Lord said to him: Hast thou considered my servant, Job,
that there is none like him in the earth, a simple and upright man, and
fearing God, and avoiding evil?

1:9. And Satan answering, said: Doth Job fear God in vain?

1:10. Hast thou not made a fence for him, and his house, and all his
substance round about, blessed the works of his hands, and his
possession hath increased on the earth?

1:11. But stretch forth thy hand a little, and touch all that he hath,
and see if he bless thee not to thy face.

1:12. Then the Lord said to Satan: Behold, all that he hath is in thy
hand: only put not forth thy hand upon his person. And Satan went forth
from the presence of the Lord.

1:13. Now upon a certain day, when his sons and daughters were eating
and drinking wine, in the house of their eldest brother,

1:14. There came a messenger to Job, and said: The oxen were ploughing,
and the asses feeding beside them,

1:15. And the Sabeans rushed in, and took all away, and slew the
servants with the sword; and I alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:16. And while he was yet speaking, another came, and said: The fire of
God fell from heaven, and striking the sheep and the servants, hath
consumed them; and I alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:17. And while he also was yet speaking, there came another, and said:
The Chaldeans made three troops, and have fallen upon the camels, and
taken them; moreover, they have slain the servants with the sword: and I
alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:18. He was yet speaking, and behold another came in, and said: Thy
sons and daughters were eating and drinking wine in the house of their
eldest brother,

1:19. A violent wind came on a sudden from the side of the desert, and
shook the four corners of the house, and it fell upon thy children, and
they are dead: and I alone have escaped to tell thee.

1:20. Then Job rose up, and rent his garments, and having shaven his
head, fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,

1:21. And said: Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I
return thither: the Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away: as it hath
pleased the Lord, so is it done: blessed be the name of the Lord.

1:22. In all these things Job sinned not by his lips, nor spoke he any
foolish thing against God.

Job Chapter 2

2:1. And it came to pass, when on a certain day the sons of God came,
and stood before the Lord, and Satan came amongst them, and stood in his

2:2. That the Lord said to Satan: Whence comest thou?  And he answered,
and said: I have gone round about the earth, and walked through it.

2:3. And the Lord said to Satan: Hast thou considered my servant, Job,
that there is none like him in the earth, a man simple and upright, and
fearing God, and avoiding evil, and still keeping his innocence? But
thou hast moved me against him, that I should afflict him without cause.

2:4. And Satan answered, and said: Skin for skin; and all that a man
hath, he will give for his life:

2:5. But put forth thy hand, and touch his bone and his flesh, and then
thou shalt see that he will bless thee to thy face.

2:6. And the Lord said to Satan: Behold, he is in thy hand, but yet save
his life.

2:7. So Satan went forth from the presence of the Lord, and struck Job
with a very grievous ulcer, from the sole of the foot even to the top of
his head:

2:8. And he took a potsherd and scraped the corrupt matter, sitting on a

2:9. And his wife said to him: Dost thou still continue in thy
simplicity? bless God and die.

2:10. And he said to her: Thou hast spoken like one of the foolish
women: If we have received good things at the hand of God, why should we
not receive evil?  In all these things Job did not sin with his lips.

2:11. Now when Job's three friends heard all the evil that had befallen
him, they came every one from his own place, Eliphaz, the Themanite, and
Baldad, the Suhite, and Sophar, the Naamathite. For they had made an
appointment to come together and visit him, and comfort him.

2:12. And when they had lifted up their eyes afar off, they knew him
not, and crying out, they wept, and rending their garments, they
sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven.

2:13. And they sat with him on the ground seven day and seven nights and
no man spoke to him a word: for they saw that his grief was very great.

Job Chapter 3

3:1. After this, Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day,

Cursed his day... Job cursed the day of his birth, not by way of wishing
evil to any thing of God's creation; but only to express in a stronger
manner his sense of human miseries in general, and of his own calamities
in particular.

3:2. And he said:

3:3. Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it
was said: A man child is conceived.

3:4. Let that day be turned into darkness, let not God regard it from
above, and let not the light shine upon it.

3:5. Let darkness, and the shadow of death, cover it, let a mist
overspread it, and let it be wrapped up in bitterness.

3:6. Let a darksome whirlwind seize upon that night, let it not be
counted in the days of the year, nor numbered in the months.

3:7. Let that night be solitary, and not worthy of praise.

3:8. Let them curse it who curse the day, who are ready to raise up a

3:9. Let the stars be darkened with the mist thereof: let it expect
light, and not see it, nor the rising of the dawning of the day:

3:10. Because it shut not up the doors of the womb that bore me, nor
took away evils from my eyes.

3:11. Why did I not die in the womb? why did I not perish when I came
out of the belly?

3:12. Why received upon the knees? why suckled at the breasts?

3:13. For now I should have been asleep and still, and should have rest
in my sleep:

3:14. With kings and consuls of the earth, who build themselves

3:15. Or with princes, that possess gold, and fill their houses with

3:16. Or as a hidden untimely birth, I should not be; or as they that,
being conceived, have not seen the light.

3:17. There the wicked cease from tumult, and there the wearied in
strength are at rest.

3:18. And they sometime bound together without disquiet, have not heard
the voice of the oppressor.

3:19. The small and great are there, and the servant is free from his

3:20. Why is light given to him that is in misery, and life to them that
are in bitterness of soul?

3:21. That look for death, and it cometh not, as they that dig for a

3:22. And they rejoice exceedingly when they have found the grave?

3:23. To a man whose way is hidden, and God hath surrounded him with

3:24. Before I eat I sigh: and as overflowing waters, so is my roaring:

3:25. For the fear which I feared, hath come upon me: and that which I
was afraid of, hath befallen me.

3:26. Have I not dissembled? have I not kept silence?  have I not been
quiet? and indignation is come upon me.

Job Chapter 4

4:1. Then Eliphaz, the Themanite, answered, and said:

4:2. If we begin to speak to thee, perhaps thou wilt take it ill; but
who can withhold the words he hath conceived?

4:3. Behold thou hast taught many, and thou hast strengthened the weary

4:4. Thy words have confirmed them that were staggering, and thou hast
strengthened the trembling knees:

4:5. But now the scourge is come upon thee, and thou faintest: It hath
touched thee, and thou art troubled.

4:6. Where is thy fear, thy fortitude, thy patience, and the perfection
of thy ways?

4:7. Remember, I pray thee, who ever perished being innocent? or when
were the just destroyed?

4:8. On the contrary, I have seen those who work iniquity, and sow
sorrows, and reap them,

4:9. Perishing by the blast of God, and consumed by the spirit of his

4:10. The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the lioness, and the
teeth of the whelps of lions, are broken:

4:11. The tiger hath perished for want of prey, and the young lions are
scattered abroad.

4:12. Now there was a word spoken to me in private, and my ears by
stealth, as it were, received the veins of its whisper.

4:13. In the horror of a vision by night, when deep sleep is wont to
hold men,

4:14. Fear seized upon me, and trembling, and all my bones were

4:15. And when a spirit passed before me, the hair of my flesh stood up.

4:16. There stood one whose countenance I knew not, an image before my
eyes, and I heard the voice, as it were, of a gentle wind.

4:17. Shall man be justified in comparison of God, or shall a man be
more pure than his maker?

Shall man be justified in comparison of God, etc... These are the words
which Eliphaz had heard from an angel, which, ver. 15, he calls a

4:18. Behold, they that serve him are not steadfast, and in his angels
he found wickedness:

4:19. How much more shall they that dwell in houses of clay, who have an
earthly foundation, be consumed as with the moth?

4:20. From morning till evening they shall be cut down: and because no
one understandeth, they shall perish for ever.

4:21. And they that shall be left, shall be taken away from them: they
shall die, and not in wisdom.

Job Chapter 5

5:1. Call now, if there be any that will answer thee, and turn to some
of the saints.

5:2. Anger indeed killeth the foolish, and envy slayeth the little one.

5:3. I have seen a fool with a strong root, and I cursed his beauty

5:4. His children shall be far from safety, and shall be destroyed in
the gate, and there shall be none to deliver them.

5:5. Whose harvest the hungry shall eat, and the armed man shall take
him by violence, and the thirsty shall drink up his riches.

5:6. Nothing upon earth is done without a cause, and sorrow doth not
spring out of the ground.

5:7. Man is born to labour, and the bird to fly.

5:8. Wherefore I will pray to the Lord, and address my speech to God:

5:9. Who doth great things, and unsearchable and wonderful things
without number:

5:10. Who giveth rain upon the face of the earth, and watereth all
things with waters:

5:11. Who setteth up the humble on high, and comforteth with health
those that mourn.

5:12. Who bringeth to nought the designs of the malignant, so that their
hands cannot accomplish what they had begun:

5:13. Who catcheth the wise in their craftiness, and disappointeth the
counsel of the wicked:

5:14. They shall meet with darkness in the day, and grope at noonday as
in the night.

5:15. But he shall save the needy from the sword of their mouth, and the
poor from the hand of the violent.

5:16. And to the needy there shall be hope, but iniquity shall draw in
her mouth.

5:17. Blessed is the man whom God correcteth: refuse not, therefore, the
chastising of the Lord.

5:18. For he woundeth, and cureth: he striketh, and his hands shall

5:19. In six troubles he shall deliver thee, and in the seventh, evil
shall not touch thee.

5:20. In famine he shall deliver thee from death; and in battle, from
the hand of the sword.

5:21. Thou shalt be hidden from the scourge of the tongue: and thou
shalt not fear calamity when it cometh.

5:22. In destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: and thou shalt not be
afraid of the beasts of the earth.

5:23. But thou shalt have a covenant with the stones of the lands, and
the beasts of the earth shall be at peace with thee.

5:24. And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle is in peace, and visiting
thy beauty, thou shalt not sin.

5:25. Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be multiplied, and thy
offspring like the grass of the earth.

5:26. Thou shalt enter into the grave in abundance, as a heap of wheat
is brought in in its season.

5:27. Behold, this is even so, as we have searched out: which thou
having heard, consider it thoroughly in thy mind.

Job Chapter 6

6:1. But Job answered, and said:

6:2. O that my sins, whereby I have deserved wrath, and the calamity
that I suffer, were weighed in a balance.

My sins, etc... He does not mean to compare his sufferings with his real
sins: but with the imaginary crimes which his friends imputed to him:
and especially with his wrath, or grief, expressed in the third chapter,
which they so much accused. Though, as he tells them here, it bore no
proportion with the greatness of his calamity.

6:3. As the sand of the sea, this would appear heavier: therefore, my
words are full of sorrow:

6:4. For the arrows of the Lord are in me, the rage whereof drinketh up
my spirit, and the terrors of the Lord war against me.

6:5. Will the wild ass bray when he hath grass? or will the ox low when
he standeth before a full manger?

6:6. Or can an unsavoury thing be eaten, that is not seasoned with salt?
or can a man taste that which, when tasted, bringeth death?

6:7. The things which before my soul would not touch, now, through
anguish, are my meats.

6:8. Who will grant that my request may come: and that God may give me
what I look for?

6:9. And that he that hath begun may destroy me, that he may let loose
his hand, and cut me off?

6:10. And that this may be my comfort, that afflicting me with sorrow,
he spare not, nor I contradict the words of the Holy one.

6:11. For what is my strength, that I can hold out? or what is my end,
that I should keep patience?

6:12. My strength is not the strength of stones, nor is my flesh of

6:13. Behold there is no help for me in myself, and my familiar friends
also are departed from me.

6:14. He that taketh away mercy from his friend, for saketh the fear of
the Lord.

6:15. My brethren have passed by me, as the torrent that passeth swiftly
in the valleys.

6:16. They that fear the hoary frost, the snow shall fall upon them.

6:17. At the time when they shall be scattered they shall perish: and
after it groweth hot, they shall be melted out of their place.

6:18. The paths of their steps are entangled: they shall walk in vain,
and shall perish.

6:19. Consider the paths of Thema, the ways of Saba, and wait a little

6:20. They arc confounded, because I have hoped: they are come also even
unto me, and are covered with shame.

6:21. Now you are come: and now, seeing my affliction, you are afraid.

6:22. Did I say: Bring to me, and give me of your substance?

6:23. Or deliver me from the hand of the enemy, and rescue me out of the
hand of the mighty?

6:24. Teach me, and I will hold my peace: and if I have been ignorant of
any thing, instruct me.

6:25. Why have you detracted the words of truth, whereas there is none
of you that can reprove me?

6:26. You dress up speeches only to rebuke, and you utter words to the

6:27. You rush in upon the fatherless, and you endeavour to overthrow
your friend.

6:28. However, finish what you have begun: give ear and see whether I

6:29. Answer, I beseech you, without contention: and speaking that which
is just, judge ye.

6:30. And you shall not find iniquity in my tongue, neither shall folly
sound in my mouth.

Job Chapter 7

7:1. The life of man upon earth is a warfare, and his days are like the
days of a hireling.

7:2. As a servant longeth for the shade, as the hireling looketh for the
end of his work;

7:3. So I also have had empty months, and have numbered to myself
wearisome nights.

7:4. If I lie down to sleep, I shall say: When shall I rise? and again,
I shall look for the evening, and shall be filled with sorrows even till

7:5. My flesh is clothed with rottenness and the filth of dust; my skin
is withered and drawn together.

7:6. My days have passed more swiftly than the web is cut by the weaver,
and are consumed without any hope.

7:7. Remember that my life is but wind, and my eye shall not return to
see good things.

7:8. Nor shall the sight of man behold me: thy eyes are upon me, and I
shall be no more.

7:9. As a cloud is consumed, and passeth away: so he that shall go down
to hell shall not come up.

7:10. Nor shall he return any more into his house, neither shall his
place know him any more.

7:11. Wherefore, I will not spare my month, I will speak in the
affliction of my spirit: I will talk with the bitterness of my soul.

7:12. Am I a sea, or a whale, that thou hast inclosed me in a prison?

7:13. If I say: My bed shall comfort me, and I shall be relieved,
speaking with myself on my couch:

7:14. Thou wilt frighten me with dreams, and terrify me with visions.

7:15. So that my soul rather chooseth hanging, and my bones death.

7:16. I have done with hope, I shall now live no longer: spare me, for
my days are nothing.

7:17. What is a man, that thou shouldst magnify him or why dost thou set
thy heart upon him?

7:18. Thou visitest him early in the morning, and thou provest him

7:19. How long wilt thou not spare me, nor suffer me to swallow down my

7:20. I have sinned: what shall I do to thee, O keeper of men? why hast
thou set me opposite to thee and am I become burdensome to myself?

7:21. Why dost thou not remove my sin, and why dost thou not take away
my iniquity? Behold now I shall sleep in the dust: and if thou seek me
in the morning, I shall not be.

Job Chapter 8

8:1. Then Baldad, the Suhite, answered, and said:

8:2. How long wilt thou speak these things, and how long shall the words
of thy mouth be like a strong wind?

8:3. Doth God pervert judgment, or doth the Almighty overthrow that
which is just?

8:4. Although thy children have sinned against him, and he hath left
them in the hand of their iniquity:

8:5. Yet if thou wilt arise early to God, and wilt beseech the Almighty:

8:6. If thou wilt walk clean and upright, he will presently awake unto
thee, and will make the dwelling of thy justice peaceable:

8:7. In so much, that if thy former things were small thy latter things
would be multiplied exceedingly.

8:8. For inquire of the former generation, and search diligently into
the memory of the fathers:

8:9. (For we are but of yesterday, and are ignorant that our days upon
earth are but a shadow.)

8:10. And they shall teach thee: they shall speak to thee, and utter
words out of their hearts.

8:11. Can the rush be green without moisture? or sedge bush grow without

8:12. When it is yet in flower, and is not plucked u with the hand, it
withereth before all herbs.

8:13. Even so are the ways of all that forget God, an the hope of the
hypocrite shall perish:

8:14. His folly shall not please him, and his trust shall be like the
spider's web.

8:15. He shall lean upon his house, and it shall no stand: he shall prop
it up, and it shall not rise:

8:16. He seemeth to have moisture before the sun cometh; and at his
rising, his blossom shall shoot forth.

8:17. His roots shall be thick upon a heap of stones; and among the
stones he shall abide.

8:18. If one swallow him up out of his place, he shall deny him, and
shall say: I know thee not.

8:19. For this is the joy of his way, that others may spring again out
of the earth.

8:20. God will not cast away the simple, nor reach out his hand to the
evil doer:

8:21. Until thy mouth be filled with laughter, and thy lips with

8:22. They that hate thee, shall be clothed with confusion: and the
dwelling of the wicked shall not stand.

Job Chapter 9

9:1. And Job answered, and said:

9:2. Indeed I know it is so, and that man cannot be justified, compared
with God.

9:3. If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one for a

9:4. He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath resisted him,
and hath had peace?

9:5. Who hath removed mountains, and they whom he overthrew in his
wrath, knew it not.

9:6. Who shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof

9:7. Who commandeth the sun, and it riseth not: and shutteth up the
stars, as it were, under a seal:

9:8. Who alone spreadeth out the heavens, and walketh upon the waves of
the sea,

9:9. Who maketh Arcturus, and Orion, and Hyades, and the inner parts of
the south.

Arcturus, etc... These are names of stars or constellations.  In Hebrew,
Ash, Cesil, and Cimah. See note chap. 38, ver. 31.

9:10. Who doth things great and incomprehensible, and wonderful, of
which there is no number.

9:11. If he come to me, I shall not see him: if he depart, I shall not

9:12. If he examine on a sudden, who shall answer him? or who can say:
Why dost thou so?

9:13. God, whose wrath no man can resist, and under whom they stoop that
bear up the world.

9:14. What am I then, that I should answer him, and have words with him?

9:15. I, who although I should have any just thing, would not answer,
but would make supplication to my judge.

9:16. And if he should hear me when I call, I should not believe that he
had heard my voice.

9:17. For he shall crush me in a whirlwind, and multiply my wounds even
without cause.

Without cause... That is, without my knowing the cause: or without any
crime of mine.

9:18. He alloweth not my spirit to rest, and he filleth me with

9:19. If strength be demanded, he is most strong: if equity of judgment,
no man dare bear witness for me.

9:20. If I would justify myself, my own mouth shall condemn me: if I
would shew myself innocent, he shall prove me wicked.

9:21. Although I should be simple, even this my soul shall be ignorant
of, and I shall be weary of my life.

9:22. One thing there is that I have spoken, both the innocent and the
wicked he consumeth.

9:23. If he scourge, let him kill at once, and not laugh at the pains of
the innocent.

9:24. The earth is given into the hand of the wicked, he covereth the
face of the judges thereof: and if it be not he, who is it then?

9:25. My days have been swifter than a post: they have fled away and
have not seen good.

9:26. They have passed by as ships carrying fruits, as an eagle flying
to the prey.

9:27. If I say: I will not speak so: I change my face, and am tormented
with sorrow.

9:28. I feared all my works, knowing that thou didst not spare the

9:29. But if so also I am wicked, why have I laboured in vain?

9:30. If I be washed, as it were, with snow waters, and my hands shall
shine ever 80. clean:

9:31. Yet thou shalt plunge me in filth, and my garments shall abhor me.

9:32. For I shall not answer a man that is like myself: nor one that may
be heard with me equally in judgment.

9:33. There is none that may be able to reprove both, and to put his
hand between both.

9:34. Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify

9:35. I will speak, and will not fear him: for I cannot answer while I
am in fear.

Job Chapter 10

10:1. My soul is weary of my life, I will let go my speech against
myself, I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

10:2. I will say to God: Do not condemn me: tell me why thou judgest me

10:3. Doth it seem good to thee that thou shouldst calumniate me, and
oppress me, the work of thy own hands, and help the counsel of the

10:4. Hast thou eyes of flesh: or, shalt thou see as man seeth?

10:5. Are thy days as the days of man, and are thy years as the times of

10:6. That thou shouldst inquire after my iniquity, and search after my

10:7. And shouldst know that I have done no wicked thing, whereas there
is no man that can deliver out of thy hand?

10:8. Thy hands have made me, and fashioned me wholly round about, and
dost thou thus cast me down headlong on a sudden?

10:9. Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay, and
thou wilt bring me into dust.

10:10. Hast thou not milked me as milk, and curdled me like cheese?

10:11. Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh: thou hast put me
together with bones and sinews:

10:12. Thou hast granted me life and mercy, and thy visitation hath
preserved my spirit.

10:13. Although thou conceal these things in thy heart, yet I know that
thou rememberest all things.

10:14. If I have sinned, and thou hast spared me for an hour: why dost
thou not suffer me to be clean from my iniquity?

10:15. And if I be wicked, woe unto me: and if just, I shall not lift up
my head, being filled with affliction and misery.

10:16. And for pride thou wilt take me as a lioness, and returning, thou
tormentest me wonderfully.

10:17. Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and multipliest thy wrath
upon me, and pains war against me.

10:18. Why didst thou bring me forth out of the womb?  O that I had been
consumed, that eye might not see me!

10:19. I should have been as if I had not been, carried from the womb to
the grave.

10:20. Shall not the fewness of my days be ended shortly? Suffer me,
therefore, that I may lament my sorrow a little:

10:21. Before I go and return no more, to a land that is dark and
covered with the mist of death:

10:22. A land of misery and darkness, where the shadow of death, and no
order, but everlasting horror dwelleth.

Job Chapter 11

Sophar reproves Job, for justifying himself, and invites him to

11:1. Then Sophar the Naamathite answered, and said:

11:2. Shall not he that speaketh much, hear also? or shall a man full of
talk be justified?

11:3. Shall men hold their peace to thee only? and when thou hast mocked
others, shall no man confute thee?

11:4. For thou hast said: My word is pure, and I am clean in thy sight.

11:5. And I wish that God would speak with thee, and would open his lips
to thee,

11:6. That he might shew thee the secrets of wisdom, and that his law is
manifold, and thou mightest understand that he exacteth much less of
thee, than thy iniquity deserveth.

11:7. Peradventure thou wilt comprehend the steps of God, and wilt find
out the Almighty perfectly?

11:8. He is higher than heaven, and what wilt thou do? he is deeper than
hell, and how wilt thou know?

11:9. The measure of him is longer than the earth, and broader than the

11:10. If he shall overturn all things, or shall press them together,
who shall contradict him?

11:11. For he knoweth the vanity of men, and when he seeth iniquity,
doth he not consider it?

11:12. A vain man is lifted up into pride, and thinketh himself born
free like a wild ass's colt.

11:13. But thou hast hardened thy heart, and hast spread thy hands to

11:14. If thou wilt put away from thee the iniquity that is in thy hand,
and let not injustice remain in thy tabernacle:

11:15. Then mayst thou lift up thy face without spot, and thou shalt be
steadfast, and shalt not fear.

11:16. Thou shalt also forget misery, and remember it only as waters
that are passed away.

11:17. And brightness like that of the noonday, shall arise to thee at
evening: and when thou shalt think thyself consumed, thou shalt rise as
the day star.

11:18. And thou shalt have confidence, hope being set before thee, and
being buried thou shalt sleep secure.

11:19. Thou shalt rest, and there shall be none to make thee afraid: and
many shall entreat thy face.

11:20. But the eyes of the wicked shall decay, and the way to escape
shall fail them, and their hope the abomination of the soul.

Job Chapter 12

Job's reply to Sophar. He extols God's power and wisdom.

12:1. Then Job answered, and said:

12:2. Are you then men alone, and shall wisdom die with you?

12:3. I also have a heart as well as you: for who is ignorant of these
things, which you know?

12:4. He that is mocked by his friends as I, shall call upon God and he
will hear him: for the simplicity of the just man is laughed to scorn.

12:5. The lamp despised in the thoughts of the rich, is ready for the
time appointed.

12:6. The tabernacles of robbers abound, and they provoke God boldly;
whereas it is he that hath given all into their hands:

12:7. But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee: and the birds
of the air, and they shall tell thee.

12:8. Speak to the earth, and it shall answer thee: and the fishes of
the sea shall tell.

12:9. Who is ignorant that the hand of the Lord hath made all these

12:10. In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the spirit
of all flesh of man.

12:11. Doth not the ear discern words, and the palate of him that
eateth, the taste?

12:12. In the ancient is wisdom, and in length of days prudence.

12:13. With him is wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and

12:14. If he pull down, there is no man that can build up: if he shut up
a man, there is none that can open.

12:15. If he withhold the waters, all things shall be dried up: and if
he send them out, they shall overturn the earth.

12:16. With him is strength and wisdom: he knoweth both the deceivers,
and him that is deceived.

12:17. He bringeth counsellors to a foolish end, and judges to

12:18. He looseth the belt of kings, and girdeth their loins with a

12:19. He leadeth away priests without glory, and overthroweth nobles.

12:20. He changeth the speech of the true speakers, and taketh away the
doctrine of the aged.

12:21. He poureth contempt upon princes, and relieveth them that were

12:22. He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and bringeth up to
light the shadow of death.

12:23. He multiplieth nations, and destroyeth them, and restoreth them
again after they were overthrown.

12:24. He changeth the heart of the princes of the people of the earth,
and deceiveth them that they walk in vain where there is no way.

12:25. They shall grope as in the dark, and not in the light, and he
shall make them stagger like men that are drunk.

Job Chapter 13

Job persists in maintaining his innocence: and reproves his friends.

13:1. Behold my eye hath seen all these things, and my ear hath heard
them, and I have understood them all.

13:2. According to your knowledge I also know: neither am I inferior to

13:3. But yet I will speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with

13:4. Having first shewn that you are forgers of lies, and maintainers
of perverse opinions.

13:5. And I wish you would hold your peace, that you might be thought to
be wise men.

13:6. Hear ye therefore my reproof, and attend to the judgment of my

13:7. Hath God any need of your lie, that you should speak deceitfully
for him?

13:8. Do you accept this person, and do you endeavour to judge for God?

13:9. Or shall it please him, from whom nothing can be concealed? or
shall he be deceived as a man, with your deceitful dealings?

13:10. He shall reprove you, because in secret you accept his person.

13:11. As soon as he shall move himself, he shall trouble you: and his
dread shall fall upon you.

13:12. Your remembrance shall be compared to ashes, and your necks shall
be brought to clay.

13:13. Hold your peace a little while, that I may speak whatsoever my
mind shall suggest to me.

13:14. Why do I tear my flesh with my teeth, and carry my soul in my

13:15. Although he should kill me, I will trust in him: but yet I will
reprove my ways in his sight.

13:16. And he shall be my saviour: for no hypocrite shall come before
his presence.

13:17. Hear ye my speech, and receive with your ears hidden truths.

13:18. If I shall be judged, I know that I shall be found just.

13:19. Who is he that will plead against me? let him come: why am I
consumed holding my peace?

13:20. Two things only do not to me, and then from thy face I shall not
be hid:

13:21. Withdraw thy hand far from me, and let not thy dread terrify me.

13:22. Call me, and I will answer thee: or else I will speak, and do
thou answer me.

13:23. How many are my iniquities and sins? make me know my crimes and

13:24. Why hidest thou thy face, and thinkest me thy enemy?

13:25. Against a leaf, that is carried away with the wind, thou shewest
thy power, and thou pursuest a dry straw.

13:26. For thou writest bitter things against me, and wilt consume me
for the sins of my youth.

13:27. Thou hast put my feet in the stocks, and hast observed all my
paths, and hast considered the steps of my feet:

13:28. Who am to be consumed as rottenness, and as a garment that is

Job Chapter 14

Job declares the shortness of man's days: and professes his belief of a

14:1. Man born of a woman, living for a short time, is filled with many

14:2. Who cometh forth like a flower, and is destroyed, and fleeth as a
shadow, and never continueth in the same state.

14:3. And dost thou think it meet to open thy eyes upon such an one, and
to bring him into judgment with thee?

14:4. Who can make him clean that is conceived of unclean seed? is it
not thou who only art?

14:5. The days of man are short, and the number of his months is with
thee: thou hast appointed his bounds which cannot be passed.

14:6. Depart a little from him, that he may rest until his wished for
day come, as that of the hireling.

14:7. A tree hath hope: if it be cut, it growth green again, and the
boughs thereof sprout.

14:8. If its roots be old in the earth, and its stock be dead in the

14:9. At the scent of water, it shall spring, and bring forth leaves, as
when it was first planted.

14:10. But man when he shall be dead, and stripped and consumed, I pray
you where is he?

14:11. As if the waters should depart out of the sea, and an emptied
river should be dried up;

14:12. So man when he is fallen asleep shall not rise again; till the
heavens be broken, he shall not awake, nor rise up out of his sleep.

14:13. Who will grant me this, that thou mayst protect me in hell, and
hide me till thy wrath pass, and appoint me a time when thou wilt
remember me?

That thou mayst protect me in hell... That is, in the state of the dead;
and in the place where the souls are kept waiting for their Redeemer.

14:14. Shall man that is dead, thinkest thou, live again? all the days
in which I am now in warfare, I expect until my change come.

14:15. Thou shalt call me, and I will answer thee: to the work of thy
hands thou shalt reach out thy right hand.

14:16. Thou indeed hast numbered my steps, but spare my sins.

14:17. Thou hast sealed up my offences as it were in a bag, but hast
cured my iniquity.

14:18. A mountain falling cometh to nought, and a rock is removed out of
its place.

14:19. Waters wear away the stones, and with inundation the ground by
little and little is washed away: so in like manner thou shalt destroy

14:20. Thou hast strengthened him for a little while, that he may pass
away for ever: thou shalt change his face, and shalt send him away.

14:21. Whether his children come to honour or dishonour, he shall not

14:22. But yet his flesh, while he shall live, shall have pain, and his
soul shall mourn over him.

Job Chapter 15

Eliphaz returns to the charge against Job, and describes the wretched
state of the wicked.

15:1. And Eliphaz the Themanite, answered, and said:

15:2. Will a wise man answer as if he were speaking in the wind, and
fill his stomach with burning heat?

15:3. Thou reprovest him by words, who is not equal to thee, and thou
speakest that which is not good for thee.

15:4. As much as is in thee, thou hast made void fear, and hast taken
away prayers from before God.

Thou hast made void fear... That is, cast off the fear of offending God.

15:5. For thy iniquity hath taught thy mouth, and thou imitatest the
tongue of blasphemers.

15:6. Thy own mouth shall condemn thee, and not I: and thy own lips
shall answer thee.

15:7. Art thou the first man that was born, or wast thou made before the

15:8. Hast thou heard God's counsel, and shall his wisdom be inferior to

15:9. What knowest thou that we are ignorant of? what dost thou
understand that we know not?

15:10. There are with us also aged and ancient men, much elder than thy

15:11. Is it a great matter that God should comfort thee? but thy wicked
words hinder this.

15:12. Why doth thy heart elevate thee, and why dost thou stare with thy
eyes, as if they were thinking great things?

15:13. Why doth thy spirit swell against God, to utter such words out of
thy mouth?

15:14. What is man that he should be without spot, and he that is born
of a woman that he should appear just?

15:15. Behold among his saints none is unchangeable, and the heavens are
not pure in his sight.

15:16. How much more is man abominable, and unprofitable, who drinketh
iniquity like water?

15:17. I will shew thee, hear me: and I will tell thee what I have seen.

15:18. Wise men confess and hide not their fathers.

Wise men confess and hide not their fathers... That is, the knowledge
and documents they have received from their fathers they are not ashamed
to own.

15:19. To whom alone the earth was given, and no stranger hath passed
among them.

15:20. The wicked man is proud all his days, and the number of the years
of his tyranny is uncertain.

15:21. The sound of dread is always in his ears: and when there is
peace, he always suspecteth treason.

15:22. He believeth not that he may return from darkness to light,
looking round about for the sword on every side.

15:23. When he moveth himself to seek bread, he knoweth that the day of
darkness is ready at his hand.

15:24. Tribulation shall terrify him, and distress shall surround him,
as a king that is prepared for the battle.

15:25. For he hath stretched out his hand against God, and hath
strengthened himself against the Almighty.

15:26. He hath run against him with his neck raised up, and is armed
with a fat neck.

15:27. Fatness hath covered his face, and the fat hangeth down on his

15:28. He hath dwelt in desolate cities, and in desert houses that are
reduced into heaps.

15:29. He shall not be enriched, neither shall his substance continue,
neither shall he push his root in the earth.

15:30. He shall not depart out of darkness: the flame shall dry up his
branches, and he shall be taken away by the breath of his own mouth.

15:31. He shall not believe, being vainly deceived by error, that he may
be redeemed with any price.

15:32. Before his days be full he shall perish: and his hands shall
wither away.

15:33. He shall be blasted as a vine when its grapes are in the first
flower, and as an olive tree that casteth its flower.

15:34. For the congregation of the hypocrite is barren, and fire shall
devour their tabernacles, who love to take bribes.

15:35. He hath conceived sorrow, and hath brought forth iniquity, and
his womb prepareth deceits.

Job Chapter 16

Job expostulates with his friends: and appeals to the judgment of God.

16:1. Then Job answered, and said:

16:2. I have often heard such things as these: you are all troublesome

16:3. Shall windy words have no end? or is it any trouble to thee to

16:4. I also could speak like you: and would God your soul were for my

16:5. I would comfort you also with words, and would wag my head over

16:6. I would strengthen you with my mouth, and would move my lips, as
sparing you.

16:7. But what shall I do? If I speak, my pain will not rest: and if I
hold my peace, it will not depart from me.

16:8. But now my sorrow hath oppressed me, and all my limbs are brought
to nothing.

16:9. My wrinkles bear witness against me, and a false speaker riseth up
against my face, contradicting me.

16:10. He hath gathered together his fury against me, and threatening me
he hath gnashed with his teeth upon me: my enemy hath beheld me with
terrible eyes.

16:11. They have opened their mouths upon me, and reproaching me they
have struck me on the cheek, they are filled with my pains.

16:12. God hath shut me up with the unjust man, and hath delivered me
into the hands of the wicked.

16:13. I that was formerly so wealthy, am all on a sudden broken to
pieces: he hath taken me by my neck, he hath broken me, and hath set me
up to be his mark.

16:14. He hath compassed me round about with his lances, he hath wounded
my loins, he hath not spared, and hath poured out my bowels on the

16:15. He hath torn me with wound upon wound, he hath rushed in upon me
like a giant.

16:16. I have sowed sackcloth upon my skin, and have covered my flesh
with ashes.

16:17. My face is swollen with weeping, and my eyelids are dim.

16:18. These things have I suffered without the iniquity of my hand,
when I offered pure prayers to God.

16:19. O earth, cover not thou my blood, neither let my cry find a
hiding place in thee.

16:20. For behold my witness is in heaven, and he that knoweth my
conscience is on high.

16:21. My friends are full of words: my eye poureth out tears to God.

16:22. And O that a man might so be judged with God, as the son of man
is judged with his companion!

16:23. For behold short years pass away, and I am walking in a path by
which I shall not return.

Job Chapter 17

Job's hope in God: he expects rest in death.

17:1. My spirit shall be wasted, my days shall be shortened and only the
grave remaineth for me.

17:2. I have not sinned, and my eye abideth in bitterness.

Not sinned... That is, I am not guilty of such sins as they charge me

17:3. Deliver me, O Lord, and set me beside thee, and let any man's hand
fight against me.

17:4. Thou hast set their heart far from understanding, therefore they
shall not be exalted.

17:5. He promiseth a prey to his companions, and the eyes of his
children shall fail.

17:6. He hath made me as it were a byword of the people, and I am an
example before them.

17:7. My eye is dim through indignation, and my limbs are brought as it
were to nothing.

17:8. The just shall be astonished at this, and the innocent shall be
raised up against the hypocrite.

17:9. And the just man shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean
hands shall be stronger and stronger.

17:10. Wherefore be you all converted, and come, and I shall not find
among you any wise man.

17:11. My days have passed away, my thoughts are dissipated, tormenting
my heart.

17:12. They have turned night into day, and after darkness I hope for
light again.

17:13. If I wait hell is my house, and I have made my bed in darkness.

Hell... Sheol. The region of the dead.

17:14. I have said to rottenness: Thou art my father; to worms, my
mother and my sister.

17:15. Where is now then my expectation, and who considereth my

17:16. All that I have shall go down into the deepest pit: thinkest thou
that there at least I shall have rest?

Deepest pit... Literally, hell.

Job Chapter 18

Baldad again reproves Job and describes the miseries of the wicked.

18:1. Then Baldad the Suhite answered, and said:

18:2. How long will you throw out words? understand first, and so let us

18:3. Why are we reputed as beasts, and counted vile before you?

18:4. Thou that destroyest thy soul in thy fury, shall the earth be
forsaken for thee, and shall rocks be removed out of their place?

18:5. Shall not the light of the wicked be extinguished, and the flame
of his fire not shine?

18:6. The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and the lamp that is
over him, shall be put out.

18:7. The step of his strength shall be straitened, and his own counsel
shall cast him down headlong.

18:8. For he hath thrust his feet into a net, and walketh in its meshes.

18:9. The sole of his foot shall be held in a snare, and thirst shall
burn against him.

18:10. A gin is hidden for him in the earth, and his trap upon the path.

18:11. Fears shall terrify him on every side, and shall entangle his

18:12. Let his strength be wasted with famine, and let hunger invade his

18:13. Let it devour the beauty of his skin, let the firstborn death
consume his arms.

18:14. Let his confidence be rooted out of his tabernacle, and let
destruction tread upon him like a king.

18:15. Let the companions of him that is not, dwell in his tabernacle,
let brimstone be sprinkled in his tent.

18:16. Let his roots be dried up beneath, and his harvest destroyed

18:17. Let the memory of him perish from the earth, and let not his name
be renowned in the streets.

18:18. He shall drive him out of light into darkness, and shall remove
him out of the world.

18:19. His seed shall not subsist, nor his offspring among his people,
nor any remnants in his country.

18:20. They that come after him shall be astonished at his day, and
horror shall fall upon them that went before.

18:21. These then are the tabernacles of the wicked, and this the place
of him that knoweth not God.

Job Chapter 19

Job complains of the cruelty of his friends; he describes his own
sufferings: and his belief of a future resurrection.

19:1. Then Job answered, and said:

19:2. How long do you afflict my soul, and break me in pieces with

19:3. Behold, these ten times you confound me, and are not ashamed to
oppress me.

19:4. For if I have been ignorant, my ignorance shall be with me.

19:5. But you set yourselves up against me, and reprove me with my

19:6. At least now understand, that God hath not afflicted me with an
equal judgment, and compassed me with his scourges.

With an equal judgment... St. Gregory explains these words thus: Job
being a just man, and truly considering his own life, thought that his
affliction was greater than his sins deserved: and in that respect, that
the punishment was not equal, yet it was just, as coming from God, who
gives a crown of justice to those who suffer for righteousness' sake,
and proves the just with tribulations, as gold is tried by fire.

19:7. Behold I shall cry suffering violence, and no one will hear: I
shall cry aloud, and there is none to judge.

19:8. He hath hedged in my path round about, and I cannot pass, and in
my way he hath set darkness.

19:9. He hath stripped me of my glory, and hath taken the crown from my

19:10. He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am lost, and he hath
taken away my hope, as from a tree that is plucked up.

19:11. His wrath is kindled against me, and he hath counted me as his

19:12. His troops have come together, and have made themselves a way by
me, and have besieged my tabernacle round about.

19:13. He hath put my brethren far from me, and my acquaintance like
strangers have departed from me.

19:14. My kinsmen have forsaken me, and they that knew me, have
forgotten me.

19:15. They that dwell in my house, and my maidservants have counted me
as a stranger, and I have been like an alien in their eyes.

19:16. I called my servant, and he gave me no answer, I entreated him
with my own mouth.

19:17. My wife hath abhorred my breath, and I entreated the children of
my womb.

19:18. Even fools despised me, and when I was gone from them, they spoke
against me.

19:19. They that were sometime my counsellors, have abhorred me: and he
whom I loved most is turned against me.

19:20. The flesh being consumed, my bone hath cleaved to my skin, and
nothing but lips are left about my teeth.

19:21. Have pity on me, have pity on me, at least you my friends,
because the hand of the Lord hath touched me.

19:22. Why do you persecute me as God, and glut yourselves with my

19:23. Who will grant me that my words may be written? who will grant me
that they may be marked down in a book?

19:24. With an iron pen and in a plate of lead, or else be graven with
an instrument in flint stone?

19:25. For I know that my Redeemer liveth, and in the last day I shall
rise out of the earth.

Ver. 25, 26, and 27 shew Job's explicit belief in his Redeemer, and also
of the resurrection of the flesh, not as one tree riseth in place of
another, but that the selfsame flesh shall rise at the last day, by the
power of God, changed in quality but not in substance, every one to
receive sentence according to his works in this life.

19:26. And I shall be clothed again with my skin, and in my flesh I
shall see my God.

19:27. Whom I myself shall see, and my eyes shall behold, and not
another: this my hope is laid up in my bosom.

19:28. Why then do you say now: Let us persecute him, and let us find
occasion of word against him?

19:29. Flee then from the face of the sword, for the sword is the
revenger of iniquities: and know ye that there is a judgment.

Job Chapter 20

Sophar declares the shortness of the prosperity of the wicked: and their
sudden downfall.

20:1. Then Sophar the Naamathite answered, and said:

20:2. Therefore various thoughts succeed one another in me, and my mind
is hurried away to different things.

20:3. The doctrine with which thou reprovest me, I will hear, and the
spirit of my understanding shall answer for me.

20:4. This I know from the beginning, since man was placed upon the

20:5. That the praise of the wicked is short, and the joy of the
hypocrite but for a moment.

20:6. If his pride mount up even to heaven, and his head touch the

20:7. In the end he shall be destroyed like a dunghill, and they that
had seen him, shall say: Where is he?

20:8. As a dream that fleeth away he shall not be found, he shall pass
as a vision of the night:

20:9. The eyes that had seen him, shall see him no more, neither shall
his place any more behold him.

20:10. His children shall be oppressed with want, and his hands shall
render to him his sorrow.

20:11. His bones shall be filled with the vices of his youth, and they
shall sleep with him in the dust.

20:12. For when evil shall be sweet in his mouth, he will hide it under
his tongue.

20:13. He will spare it, and not leave it, and will hide it in his

20:14. His bread in his belly shall be turned into the gall of asps
within him,

20:15. The riches which he hath swallowed, he shall vomit up, and God
shall draw them out of his belly.

20:16. He shall suck the head of asps, and the viper's tongue shall kill

20:17. Let him not see the streams of the river, the brooks of honey and
of butter.

20:18. He shall be punished for all that he did, and yet shall not be
consumed: according to the multitude of his devices so also shall he

According to the multitude of his devices... That is, his stratagems to
gratify his passions and to oppress and destroy the poor.

20:19. Because he broke in and stripped the poor: he hath violently
taken away a house which he did not build.

20:20. And yet his belly was not filled: and when he hath the things he
coveted, he shall not be able to possess them.

20:21. There was nothing left of his meat, and therefore nothing shall
continue of his goods:

20:22. When he shall be filled, he shall be straitened, he shall burn,
and every sorrow shall fall upon him.

20:23. May his belly be filled, that God may send forth the wrath of his
indignation upon him, and rain down his war upon him.

20:24. He shall flee from weapons of iron, and shall fall upon a bow of

20:25. The sword is drawn out, and cometh forth from its scabbard, and
glittereth in his bitterness: the terrible ones shall go and come upon

20:26. All darkness is hid in his secret places: a fire that is not
kindled shall devour him, he shall be afflicted when left in his

20:27. The heavens shall reveal his iniquity, and the earth shall rise
up against him.

20:28. The offspring of his house shall be exposed, he shall be pulled
down in the day of God's wrath.

20:29. This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the inheritance
of his doings from the Lord.

Job Chapter 21

Job shews that the wicked often prosper in this world, even to the end
of their life: but that their judgment is in another world.

21:1. Then Job answered, and said:

21:2. Hear, I beseech you, my words, and do penance.

21:3. Suffer me, and I will speak, and after, if you please, laugh at my

21:4. Is my debate against man, that I should not have just reason to be

21:5. Hearken to me and be astonished, and lay your finger on your

21:6. As for me, when I remember, I am afraid, and trembling taketh hold
on my flesh.

21:7. Why then do the wicked live, are they advanced, and strengthened
with riches?

21:8. Their seed continueth before them, a multitude of kinsmen, and of
children's children in their sight.

21:9. Their houses are secure and peaceable, and the rod of God is not
upon them.

21:10. Their cattle have conceived, and failed not: their cow has
calved, and is not deprived of her fruit.

21:11. Their little ones go out like a flock, and their children dance
and play.

21:12. They take the timbrel, and the harp, and rejoice at the sound of
the organ.

21:13. They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment they go down to

21:14. Who have said to God: Depart from us, we desire not the knowledge
of thy ways.

21:15. Who is the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what doth it
profit us if we pray to him?

21:16. Yet because their good things are not in their hand, may the
counsel of the wicked be far from me.

21:17. How often shall the lamp of the wicked be put out, and a deluge
come upon them, and he shall distribute the sorrows of his wrath?

21:18. They shall be as chaff before the face of the wind, and as ashes
which the whirlwind scattereth.

21:19. God shall lay up the sorrow of the father for his children: and
when he shall repay, then shall he know.

21:20. His eyes shall see his own destruction, and he shall drink of the
wrath of the Almighty.

21:21. For what is it to him what befalleth his house after him: and if
the number of his months be diminished by one half?

21:22. Shall any one teach God knowledge, who judgeth those that are

21:23. One man dieth strong, and hale, rich and happy.

21:24. His bowels are full of fat, and his bones are moistened with

21:25. But another dieth in bitterness of soul without any riches:

21:26. And yet they shall sleep together in the dust, and worms shall
cover them.

21:27. Surely I know your thoughts, and your unjust judgments against

21:28. For you say: Where is the house of the prince? and where are the
dwelling places of the wicked?

21:29. Ask any one of them that go by the way, and you shall perceive
that he knoweth these same things.

21:30. Because the wicked man is reserved to the day of destruction, and
he shall be brought to the day of wrath.

21:31. Who shall reprove his way to his face? and who shall repay him
what he hath done?

21:32. He shall be brought to the graves, and shall watch in the heap of
the dead.

21:33. He hath been acceptable to the gravel of Cocytus, and he shall
draw every man after him, and there are innumerable before him.

Acceptable to the gravel of Cocytus... The Hebrew word, which St. Jerome
has here rendered by the name Cocytus, (which the poets represent as a
river in hell,) signifies a valley or a torrent: and in this place, is
taken for the low region of death and hell: which willingly, as it were,
receives the wicked at their death: who are ushered in by innumerable
others that have gone before them; and are followed by multitudes above

21:34. How then do ye comfort me in vain, whereas your answer is shewn
to be repugnant to truth?

Job Chapter 22

Eliphaz falsely imputes many crimes to Job, but promises him prosperity
if he will repent.

22:1. Then Eliphaz the Themanite answered, and said:

22:2. Can man be compared with God, even though he were of perfect

22:3. What doth it profit God if thou be just? or what dost thou give
him if thy way be unspotted?

22:4. Shall he reprove thee for fear, and come with thee into judgment:

22:5. And not for thy manifold wickedness and thy infinite iniquities?

22:6. For thou hast taken away the pledge of thy brethren without cause,
and stripped the naked of their clothing.

22:7. Thou hast not given water to the weary, thou hast withdrawn bread
from the hungry.

22:8. In the strength of thy arm thou didst possess the land, and being
the most mighty thou holdest it.

22:9. Thou hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless
thou hast broken in pieces.

22:10. Therefore art thou surrounded with shares, and sudden fear
troubleth thee.

22:11. And didst thou think that thou shouldst not see darkness, and
that thou shouldst not be covered with the violence of overflowing

22:12. Dost not thou think that God is higher than heaven, and is
elevated above the height of the stars?

22:13. And thou sayst: What doth God know? and he judgeth as it were
through a mist.

22:14. The clouds are his covert, and he doth not consider our things,
and he walketh about the poles of heaven.

22:15. Dost thou desire to keep the path of ages, which wicked men have

22:16. Who were taken away before their time, and a flood hath
overthrown their foundation.

22:17. Who said to God: Depart from us: and looked upon the Almighty as
if he could do nothing:

22:18. Whereas he had filled their houses with good things: whose way of
thinking be far from me.

22:19. The just shall see, and shall rejoice, and the innocent shall
laugh them to scorn.

22:20. Is not their exaltation cut down, and hath not fire devoured the
remnants of them?

22:21. Submit thyself then to him, and be at peace: and thereby thou
shalt have the best fruits.

22:22. Receive the law of his mouth, and lay up his words in thy heart.

22:23. If thou wilt return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, and
shalt put away iniquity far from thy tabernacle.

22:24. He shall give for earth flint, and for flint torrents of gold.

22:25. And the Almighty shall be against thy enemies, and silver shall
be heaped together for thee.

22:26. Then shalt thou abound in delights in the Almighty, and shalt
lift up thy face to God.

22:27. Thou shalt pray to him, and he will hear thee, and thou shalt pay

22:28. Thou shalt decree a thing, and it shall come to thee, and light
shall shine in thy ways.

22:29. For he that hath been humbled, shall be in glory: and he that
shall bow down his eyes, he shall be saved.

22:30. The innocent shall be saved, and he shall be saved by the
cleanness of his hands.

Job Chapter 23

Job wishes to be tried at God's tribunal.

23:1. Then Job answered, and said:

23:2. Now also my words are in bitterness, and the hand of my scourge is
more grievous than my mourning.

23:3. Who will grant me that I might know and find him, and come even to
his throne?

23:4. I would set judgment before him, and would fill my mouth with

23:5. That I might know the words that he would answer me, and
understand what he would say to me.

23:6. I would not that he should contend with me with much strength, nor
overwhelm me with the weight of his greatness.

23:7. Let him propose equity against me, and let my judgment come to

23:8. But if I go to the east, he appeareth not; if to the west, I shall
not understand him.

23:9. If to the left hand, what shall I do? I shall not take hold on
him: if I turn myself to the right hand, I shall not see him.

23:10. But he knoweth my way, and has tried me as gold that passeth
through the fire:

23:11. My foot hath followed his steps, I have kept his way, and have
not declined from it.

23:12. I have not departed from the commandments of his lips, and the
words of his mouth I have hid in my bosom.

23:13. For he is alone, and no man can turn away his thought: and
whatsoever his soul hath desired, that hath he done.

23:14. And when he shall have fulfilled his will in me, many other like
things are also at hand with him.

23:15. And therefore I am troubled at his presence, and when I consider
him I am made pensive with fear.

23:16. God hath softened my heart, and the Almighty hath troubled me.

23:17. For I have not perished because of the darkness that hangs over
me, neither hath the mist covered my face.

Job Chapter 24

God's providence often suffers the wicked to go on a long time in their
sins: but punisheth them in another life.

24:1. Times are not hid from the Almighty: but they that know him, know
not his days.

24:2. Some have removed landmarks, have taken away flocks by force, and
fed them.

24:3. They have driven away the ass of the fatherless, and have taken
away the widow's ox for a pledge.

24:4. They have overturned the way of the poor, and have oppressed
together the meek of the earth.

24:5. Others like wild asses in the desert go forth to their work: by
watching for a prey they get bread for their children.

24:6. They reap the field that is not their own, and gather the vintage
of his vineyard whom by violence they have oppressed.

24:7. They send men away naked, taking away their clothes who have no
covering in the cold:

24:8. Who are wet, with the showers of the mountains, and having no
covering embrace the stones.

24:9. They have violently robbed the fatherless, and stripped the poor
common people.

24:10. From the naked and them that go without clothing, and from the
hungry they have taken away the ears of corn.

24:11. They have taken their rest at noon among the stores of them, who
after having trodden the winepresses suffer thirst.

24:12. Out of the cities they have made men to groan, and the soul of
the wounded hath cried out, and God doth not suffer it to pass

24:13. They have been rebellious to the light, they have not known his
ways, neither have they returned by his paths.

24:14. The murderer riseth at the very break of day, he killeth the
needy, and the poor man: but in the night he will be as a thief.

24:15. The eye of the adulterer observeth darkness, saying: No eye shall
see me: and he will cover his face.

24:16. He diggeth through houses in the dark, as in the day they had
appointed for themselves, and they have not known the light.

24:17. If the morning suddenly appear, it is to them the shadow of
death: and they walk in darkness as if it were in light.

24:18. He is light upon the face of the water: cursed be his portion on
the earth, let him not walk by the way of the vineyards.

24:19. Let him pass from the snow waters to excessive heat, and his sin
even to hell.

24:20. Let mercy forget him: may worms be his sweetness: let him be
remembered no more, but be broken in pieces as an unfruitful tree.

24:21. For he hath fed the barren that beareth not, and to the widow he
hath done no good.

24:22. He hath pulled down the strong by his might: and when he standeth
up, he shall not trust to his life.

24:23. God hath given him place for penance, and he abuseth it unto
pride: but his eyes are upon his ways.

24:24. They are lifted up for a little while and shall not stand, and
shall be brought down as all things, and shall be taken away, and as the
tops of the ears of corn they shall be broken.

24:25. And if it be not so, who can convince me that I have lied, and
set my words before God?

Job Chapter 25

God's providence often suffers the wicked to go on a long time in their
sins: but punisheth them in another life.

25:1. Times are not hid from the Almighty: but they that know him, know
not his days.

25:2. Some have removed landmarks, have taken away flocks by force, and
fed them.

25:3. They have driven away the ass of the fatherless, and have taken
away the widow's ox for a pledge.

25:4. They have overturned the way of the poor, and have oppressed
together the meek of the earth.

25:5. Others like wild asses in the desert go forth to their work: by
watching for a prey they get bread for their children.

25:6. They reap the field that is not their own, and gather the vintage
of his vineyard whom by violence they have oppressed.

25:7. They send men away naked, taking away their clothes who have no
covering in the cold:

25:8. Who are wet, with the showers of the mountains, and having no
covering embrace the stones.

25:9. They have violently robbed the fatherless, and stripped the poor
common people.

25:10. From the naked and them that go without clothing, and from the
hungry they have taken away the ears of corn.

25:11. They have taken their rest at noon among the stores of them, who
after having trodden the winepresses suffer thirst.

25:12. Out of the cities they have made men to groan, and the soul of
the wounded hath cried out, and God doth not suffer it to pass

25:13. They have been rebellious to the light, they have not known his
ways, neither have they returned by his paths.

25:14. The murderer riseth at the very break of day, he killeth the
needy, and the poor man: but in the night he will be as a thief.

25:15. The eye of the adulterer observeth darkness, saying: No eye shall
see me: and he will cover his face.

25:16. He diggeth through houses in the dark, as in the day they had
appointed for themselves, and they have not known the light.

25:17. If the morning suddenly appear, it is to them the shadow of
death: and they walk in darkness as if it were in light.

25:18. He is light upon the face of the water: cursed be his portion on
the earth, let him not walk by the way of the vineyards.

25:19. Let him pass from the snow waters to excessive heat, and his sin
even to hell.

25:20. Let mercy forget him: may worms be his sweetness: let him be
remembered no more, but be broken in pieces as an unfruitful tree.

25:21. For he hath fed the barren that beareth not, and to the widow he
hath done no good.

25:22. He hath pulled down the strong by his might: and when he standeth
up, he shall not trust to his life.

25:23. God hath given him place for penance, and he abuseth it unto
pride: but his eyes are upon his ways.

25:24. They are lifted up for a little while and shall not stand, and
shall be brought down as all things, and shall be taken away, and as the
tops of the ears of corn they shall be broken.

25:25. And if it be not so, who can convince me that I have lied, and
set my words before God?

Job Chapter 26

Job declares his sentiments of the wisdom and power of God.

26:1. Then Job answered, and said:

26:2. Whose helper art thou? is it of him that is weak? and dost thou
hold up the arm of him that has no strength?

26:3. To whom hast thou given counsel? perhaps to him that hath no
wisdom, and thou hast shewn thy very great prudence.

26:4. Whom hast thou desired to teach? was it not him that made life?

26:5. Behold the giants groan under the waters, and they that dwell with

26:6. Hell is naked before him, and there is no covering for

26:7. He stretched out the north over the empty space, and hangeth the
earth upon nothing.

26:8. He bindeth up the waters in his clouds, so that they break not out
and fall down together.

26:9. He withholdeth the face of his throne, and spreadeth his cloud
over it.

26:10. He hath set bounds about the waters, till light and darkness come
to an end.

26:11. The pillars of heaven tremble, and dread at his beck.

26:12. By his power the seas are suddenly gathered together, and his
wisdom has struck the proud one.

26:13. His spirit hath adorned the heavens, and his obstetric hand
brought forth the winding serpent.

His obstetric hand brought forth the winding serpent... That is, the
omnipotent power of God: which brought forth all things created in time,
but conceived in the Divine mind from all eternity. The winding serpent,
a constellation of fixed stars winding round the north pole, called
Draco. This appears from the foregoing part of the same verse, His
spirit hath adorned the heavens.

26:14. Lo, these things are said in part of his ways: and seeing we have
heard scarce a little drop of his word, who shall be able to behold the
thunder of his greatness?

Job Chapter 27

Job persists in asserting his own innocence, and that hypocrites will be
punished in the end.

27:1. Job also added, taking up his parable, and said:

27:2. As God liveth, who hath taken away my judgment, and the Almighty,
who hath brought my soul to bitterness,

27:3. As long as breath remaineth in me, and the spirit of God in my

27:4. My lips shall not speak iniquity, neither shall my tongue contrive

27:5. God forbid that I should judge you to be just: till I die I will
not depart from my innocence.

27:6. My justification, which I have begun to hold, I will not forsake:
for my heart doth not reprehend me in all my life.

27:7. Let my enemy be as the ungodly, and my adversary as the wicked

27:8. For what is the hope of the hypocrite if through covetousness he
take by violence, and God deliver not his soul?

27:9. Will God hear his cry, when distress shall come upon him?

27:10. Or can he delight himself in the Almighty, and call upon God at
all times?

27:11. I will teach you by the hand of God, what the Almighty hath, and
I will not conceal it.

27:12. Behold you all know it, and why do you speak vain things without

27:13. This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the inheritance
of the violent, which they shall receive of the Almighty.

27:14. If his sons be multiplied, they shall be for the sword, and his
grandsons shall not be filled with bread.

27:15. They that shall remain of him, shall be buried in death, and his
widows shall not weep.

27:16. If he shall heap together silver as earth, and prepare raiment as

27:17. He shall prepare indeed, but the just man shall be clothed with
it: and the innocent shall divide the silver.

27:18. He hath built his house as a moth, and as a keeper he hath made a

27:19. The rich man when he shall sleep shall take away nothing with
him: he shall open his eyes and find nothing.

27:20. Poverty like water shall take hold on him, a tempest shall
oppress him in the night:

27:21. A burning wind shall take him up, and carry him away, and as a
whirlwind shall snatch him from his place.

27:22. And he shall cast upon him, and shall not spare: out of his hand
he would willingly flee.

27:23. He shall clasp his hands upon him, and shall hiss at him,
beholding his place.

Job Chapter 28

Man's industry searcheth out many things: true wisdom is taught by God

28:1. Silver hath beginnings of its veins, and gold hath a place wherein
it is melted.

28:2. Iron is taken out of the earth, and stone melted with heat is
turned into brass.

28:3. He hath set a time for darkness, and the end of all things he
considereth, the stone also that is in the dark and the shadow of death.

28:4. The flood divideth from the people that are on their journey,
those whom the food of the needy man hath forgotten, and who cannot be
come at.

28:5. The land, out of which bread grew in its place, hath been
overturned with fire.

28:6. The stones of it are the place of sapphires, and the clods of it
are gold.

28:7. The bird hath not known the path, neither hath the eye of the
vulture beheld it.

28:8. The children of the merchants have not trodden it, neither hath
the lioness passed by it.

28:9. He hath stretched forth his hand to the flint, he hath overturned
mountains from the roots.

28:10. In the rocks he hath cut out rivers, and his eye hath seen every
precious thing.

28:11. The depths also of rivers he hath searched, and hidden things he
hath brought forth to light.

28:12. But where is wisdom to be found, and where is the place of

28:13. Man knoweth not the price thereof, neither is it found in the
land of them that live in delights.

28:14. The depth saith: It is not in me: and the sea saith: It is not
with me.

28:15. The finest gold shall not purchase it, neither shall silver be
weighed in exchange for it.

28:16. It shall not be compared with the dyed colours of India, or with
the most precious stone sardonyx, or the sapphire.

28:17. Gold or crystal cannot equal it, neither shall any vessels of
gold be changed for it.

28:18. High and eminent things shall not be mentioned in comparison of
it: but wisdom is drawn out of secret places.

28:19. The topaz of Ethiopia shall not be equal to it, neither shall it
be compared to the cleanest dyeing.

28:20. Whence then cometh wisdom? and where is the place of

28:21. It is hid from the eyes of all living, and the fowls of the air
know it not.

28:22. Destruction and death have said: With our ears we have heard the
fame thereof.

28:23. God understandeth the way of it, and he knoweth the place

28:24. For he beholdeth the ends of the world: and looketh on all things
that are under heaven.

28:25. Who made a weight for the winds, and weighed the waters by

28:26. When he gave a law for the rain, and a way for the sounding

28:27. Then he saw it, and declared, and prepared, and searched it.

28:28. And he said to man: Behold the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom:
and to depart from evil, is understanding.

Job Chapter 29

Job relates his former happiness, and the respect that all men shewed

29:1. Job also added, taking up his parable, and said:

29:2. Who will grant me, that I might be according to the months past,
according to the days in which God kept me?

29:3. When his lamp shined over my head, and I walked by his light in

29:4. As I was in the days of my youth, when God was secretly in my

29:5. When the Almighty was with me: and my servants round about me?

29:6. When I washed my feet with butter, and the rock poured me out
rivers of oil?

29:7. When I went out to the gate of the city, and in the street they
prepared me a chair?

29:8. The young men saw me, and hid themselves: and the old men rose up
and stood.

29:9. The princes ceased to speak, and laid the finger on their mouth.

29:10. The rulers held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to their

29:11. The ear that heard me blessed me, and the eye that saw me gave
witness to me:

29:12. Because I had delivered the poor man that cried out; and the
fatherless, that had no helper.

29:13. The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me, and I
comforted the heart of the widow.

29:14. I was clad with justice: and I clothed myself with my judgment,
as with a robe and a diadem.

29:15. I was an eye to the blind, and a foot to the lame.

29:16. I was the father of the poor: and the cause which I knew not, I
searched out most diligently.

29:17. I broke the jaws of the wicked man, and out of his teeth I took
away the prey.

29:18. And I said: I shall die in my nest, and as a palm tree shall
multiply my days.

29:19. My root is opened beside the waters, and dew shall continue in my

29:20. My glory shall always be renewed, and my bow in my hand shall be

29:21. They that heard me, waited for my sentence, and being attentive
held their peace at my counsel.

29:22. To my words they durst add nothing, and my speech dropped upon

29:23. They waited for me as for rain, and they opened their mouth as
for a latter shower.

29:24. If at any time I laughed on them, they believed not, and the
light of my countenance fell not on earth.

29:25. If I had a mind to go to them, I sat first, and when I sat as a
king, with his army standing about him, yet I was a comforter of them
that mourned.

Job Chapter 30

Job shews the wonderful change of his temporal estate, from welfare to
great calamity.

30:1. But now the younger in time scorn me, whose fathers I would not
have set with the dogs of my flock:

But now the younger in time... That is, younger than I am, and as it
were obscure, when I was conspicuous and in magnificence; they now look
down on me.

30:2. The strength of whose hands was to me as nothing, and they were
thought unworthy of life itself.

30:3. Barren with want and hunger, who gnawed in the wilderness,
disfigured with calamity and misery.

30:4. And they ate grass, and barks of trees, and the root of junipers
was their food.

30:5. Who snatched up these things out of the valleys, and when they had
found any of them, they ran to them with a cry.

30:6. They dwelt in the desert places of torrents, and in caves of
earth, or upon the gravel.

30:7. They pleased themselves among these kind of things, and counted it
delightful to be under the briers.

30:8. The children of foolish and base men, and not appearing at all
upon the earth.

30:9. Now I am turned into their song, and am become their byword.

30:10. They abhor me, and flee far from me, and are not afraid to spit
in my face.

30:11. For he hath opened his quiver, and hath afflicted me, and hath
put a bridle into my mouth.

30:12. At the right hand of my rising, my calamities forthwith arose:
they have overthrown my feet, and have overwhelmed me with their paths
as with waves.

30:13. They have destroyed my ways, they have lain in wait against me,
and they have prevailed, and there was none to help.

30:14. They have rushed in upon me, as when a wall is broken, and a gate
opened, and have rolled themselves down to my miseries.

30:15. I am brought to nothing: as a wind thou hast taken away my
desire: and my prosperity hath passed away like a cloud.

30:16. And now my soul fadeth within myself, and the days of affliction
possess me.

30:17. In the night my bone is pierced with sorrows: and they that feed
upon me, do not sleep.

30:18. With the multitude of them my garment is consumed, and they have
girded me about, as with the collar of my coat.

30:19. I am compared to dirt, and am likened to embers and ashes.

30:20. I cry to thee, and thou hearest me not: I stand up, and thou dost
not regard me.

30:21. Thou art changed to be cruel toward me, and in the hardness of
thy hand thou art against me.

30:22. Thou hast lifted me up, and set me as it were upon the wind, and
thou hast mightily dashed me.

30:23. I know that thou wilt deliver me to death, where a house is
appointed for every one that liveth.

30:24. But yet thou stretchest not forth thy hand to their consumption:
and if they shall fall down thou wilt save.

30:25. I wept heretofore for him that was afflicted, and my soul had
compassion on the poor.

30:26. I expected good things, and evils are come upon me: I waited for
light, and darkness broke out.

30:27. My inner parts have boiled without any rest, the days of
affliction have prevented me.

30:28. I went mourning without indignation; I rose up, and cried in the

30:29. I was the brother of dragons, and companion of ostriches.

Brother of dragons, etc... Imitating these creatures in their lamentable

30:30. My skin is become black upon me, and my bones are dried up with

30:31. My harp is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of
those that weep.

Job Chapter 31

Job, to defend himself from the unjust judgments of his friends, gives a
sincere account of his own virtues.

31:1. I made a covenant with my eyes, that I would not so much as think
upon a virgin.

31:2. For what part should God from above have in me, and what
inheritance the Almighty from on high?

31:3. Is not destruction to the wicked, and aversion to them that work

31:4. Doth not he consider my ways, and number all my steps?

31:5. If I have walked in vanity, and my foot hath made haste to deceit:

31:6. Let him weigh me in a just balance, and let God know my

31:7. If my step hath turned out of the way, and if my heart hath
followed my eyes, and if a spot hath cleaved to my hands:

31:8. Then let me sow and let another reap: and let my offspring be
rooted out.

31:9. If my heart hath been deceived upon a woman, and if I have laid
wait at my friend's door:

31:10. Let my wife be the harlot of another, and let other men lie with

31:11. For this is a heinous crime, and a most grievous iniquity.

31:12. It is a fire that devoureth even to destruction, and rooteth up
all things that spring.

31:13. If I have despised to abide judgment with my manservant, or my
maidservant, when they had any controversy against me:

31:14. For what shall I do when God shall rise to judge? and when he
shall examine, what shall I answer him?

31:15. Did not he that made me in the womb make him also: and did not
one and the same form me in the womb?

31:16. If I have denied to the poor what they desired, and have made the
eyes of the widow wait:

31:17. If I have eaten my morsel alone, and the fatherless hath not
eaten thereof:

31:18. (For from my infancy mercy grew up with me: and it came out with
me from my mother's womb:)

31:19. If I have despised him that was perishing for want of clothing,
and the poor man that had no covering:

31:20. If his sides have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with
the fleece of my sheep:

31:21. If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, even when I
saw myself superior in the gate:

31:22. Let my shoulder fall from its joint, and let my arm with its
bones be broken.

31:23. For I have always feared God as waves swelling over me, and his
weight I was unable to bear.

31:24. If I have thought gold my strength, and have said to fine gold:
My confidence:

31:25. If I have rejoiced over my great riches, and because my hand had
gotten much.

31:26. If I beheld the sun when it shined and the moon going in

If I beheld the sun, etc... If I behold the sun and moon with
admiration, knowing them to be created and governed by the power of God,
I call on my adversaries to produce any thing against me, whereby I
could be charged with worshipping the sun or moon.

31:27. And my heart in secret hath rejoiced, and I have kissed my hand
with, my mouth:

31:28. Which is a very great iniquity, and a denial against the most
high God.

31:29. If I have been glad at the downfall of him that hated me, and
have rejoiced that evil had found him.

31:30. For I have not given my mouth to sin, by wishing a curse to his

31:31. If the men of my tabernacle have not said: Who will give us of
his flesh that we may be filled?

31:32. The stranger did not stay without, my door was open to the

31:33. If as a man I have hid my sin, and have concealed my iniquity in
my bosom.

31:34. If I have been afraid at a very great multitude, and the contempt
of kinsmen hath terrified me: and have not rather held my peace, and not
gone out of the door.

31:35. Who would grant me a hearing, that the Almighty may hear my
desire: and that he himself that judgeth would write a book,

31:36. That I may carry it on my shoulder, and put it about me as a

31:37. At every step of mine I would pronounce it, and offer it as to a

31:38. If my land cry against me, and with it the furrows thereof mourn:

31:39. If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, and have
afflicted the son of the tillers thereof:

31:40. Let thistles grow up to me instead of wheat, and thorns instead
of barley.

The words of Job are ended.

Job Chapter 32

Eliu is angry with Job and his friends. He boasts of himself.

32:1. So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he seemed just to

32:2. And Eliu the son of Barachel the Buzite of the kindred of Ram, was
angry and was moved to indignation: now he was angry against Job,
because he said he was just before God.

32:3. And he was angry with his friends, because they had not found a
reasonable answer, but only had condemned Job.

32:4. So Eliu waited while Job was speaking because they were his elders
that were speaking.

32:5. But when he saw that the three were not able to answer, he was
exceedingly angry.

32:6. Then Eliu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered, and said: I am
younger in days, and you are more ancient, therefore hanging down my
head, I was afraid to shew you my opinion.

32:7. For I hoped that greater age would speak, and that a multitude of
years would teach wisdom.

32:8. But, as I see, there is a spirit in men, and the inspiration of
the Almighty giveth understanding.

32:9. They that are aged are not the wise men, neither do the ancients
understand judgment.

32:10. Therefore I will speak: Hearken to me, I also will shew you my

32:11. For I have waited for your words, I have given ear to your
wisdom, as long as you were disputing in words.

32:12. And as long as I thought you said some thing, I considered: but,
as I see, there is none of you that can convince Job, and answer his

32:13. Lest you should say: We have found wisdom, God hath cast him
down, not man.

32:14. He hath spoken nothing to me, and I will not answer him according
to your words.

32:15. They were afraid, and answered no more, and they left off

32:16. Therefore because I have waited, and they have not spoken: they
stood, and answered no more:

32:17. I also will answer my part, and will shew my knowledge.

32:18. For I am full of matter to speak of, and the spirit of my bowels
straiteneth me.

32:19. Behold, my belly is as new wine which wanteth vent, which
bursteth the new vessels.

32:20. I will speak and take breath a little: I will open my lips, and
will answer.

32:21. I will not accept the person of man, and I will not level God
with man.

I will not level God with man... Here Eliu considers that Job hath put
himself on a level with God, by the manner he assumed to justify his own
life in speaking to God as if he spoke to an equal: Eliu expresses in
the following ver. 22 his fear of punishment hereafter for such an

32:22. For I know not how long I shall continue, and whether after a
while my Maker may take me away.

Job Chapter 33

Eliu blames Job for asserting his own innocence.

33:1. Hear therefore, O Job, my speeches, and hearken to all my words.

33:2. Behold now I have opened my mouth, let my tongue speak within my

33:3. My words are from my upright heart, and my lips shall speak a pure

33:4. The spirit of God made me, and the breath of the Almighty gave me

33:5. If thou canst, answer me, and stand up against my face.

33:6. Behold God hath made me as well as thee, and of the same clay I
also was formed.

33:7. But yet let not my wonder terrify thee, and let not my eloquence
be burdensome to thee.

33:8. Now thou hast said in my hearing, and I have heard the voice of
thy words:

33:9. I am clean, and without sin: I am unspotted, and there is no
iniquity in me.

33:10. Because he hath found complaints against me, therefore he hath
counted me for his enemy.

33:11. He hath put my feet in the stocks, he hath observed all my paths.

33:12. Now this is the thing in which thou art not justified: I will
answer thee, that God is greater than man.

33:13. Dost thou strive against him, because he hath not answered thee
to all words?

33:14. God speaketh once, and repeateth not the selfsame thing the
second time.

33:15. By a dream in a vision by night, when deep sleep falleth upon
men, and they are sleeping in their beds:

33:16. Then he openeth the ears of men, and teaching instructeth them in
what they are to learn.

33:17. That he may withdraw a man from the things he is doing, and may
deliver him from pride.

33:18. Rescuing his soul from corruption: and his life from passing to
the sword.

33:19. He rebuketh also by sorrow in the bed, and he maketh all his
bones to wither.

33:20. Bread becometh abominable to him in his life, and to his soul the
meat which before he desired.

33:21. His flesh shall be consumed away, and his bones that were covered
shall be made bare.

33:22. His soul hath drawn near to corruption, and his life to the

33:23. If there shall be an angel speaking for him, one among thousands,
to declare man's uprightness,

33:24. He shall have mercy on him, and shall say: Deliver him, that he
may not go down to corruption: I have found wherein I may be merciful to

33:25. His flesh is consumed with punishments, let him return to the
days of his youth.

33:26. He shall pray to God, and he will be gracious to him: and he
shall see his face with joy, and he will render to man his justice.

33:27. He shall look upon men, and shall say: I have sinned, and indeed
I have offended, and I have not received what I have deserved.

33:28. He hath delivered his soul from going into destruction, that it
may live and see the light.

33:29. Behold, all these things God worketh three times within every

33:30. That he may withdraw their souls from corruption, and enlighten
them with the light of the living.

33:31. Attend, Job, and hearken to me, and hold thy peace, whilst I

33:32. But if thou hast any thing to say, answer me, speak: for I would
have thee to appear just.

33:33. And if thou have not, hear me: hold thy peace, and I will teach
thee wisdom.

Job Chapter 34

Eliu charges Job with blasphemy: and sets forth the power and justice of

34:1. And Eliu continued his discourse, and said:

34:2. Hear ye, wise men, my words, and ye learned, hearken to me:

34:3. For the ear trieth words, and the mouth discerneth meats by the

34:4. Let us choose to us judgment, and let us see among ourselves what
is the best.

34:5. For Job hath said: I am just, and God hath overthrown my judgment.

34:6. For in judging me there is a lie: my arrow is violent without any

34:7. What man is there like Job, who drinketh up scorning like water?

34:8. Who goeth in company with them that work iniquity, and walketh
with wicked men?

34:9. For he hath said: Man shall not please God, although he run with

34:10. Therefore, ye men of understanding, hear me: far from God be
wickedness, and iniquity from the Almighty.

34:11. For he will render to a man his work, and according to the ways
of every one he will reward them.

34:12. For in very deed God will not condemn without cause, neither will
the Almighty pervert judgment.

34:13. What other hath he appointed over the earth? or whom hath he set
over the world which he made?

34:14. If he turn his heart to him, he shall draw his spirit and breath
unto himself.

34:15. All flesh shall perish together, and man shall return into ashes.

34:16. If then thou hast understanding, hear what is said, and hearken
to the voice of my words.

34:17. Can he be healed that loveth not judgment? and how dost thou so
far condemn him that is just?

34:18. Who saith to the king: Thou art an apostate: who calleth rulers

34:19. Who accepteth not the persons of princes: nor hath regarded the
tyrant, when he contended against the poor man: for all are the work of
his hands.

34:20. They shall suddenly die, and the people shall be troubled at
midnight, and they shall pass, and take away the violent without hand.

34:21. For his eyes are upon the ways of men, and he considereth all
their steps.

34:22. There is no darkness, and there is no shadow of death, where they
may be hid who work iniquity.

34:23. For it is no longer in the power of man to enter into judgment
with God.

34:24. He shall break in pieces many and innumerable, and shall make
others to stand in their stead.

34:25. For he knoweth their works: and therefore he shall bring night on
them, and they shall be destroyed.

34:26. He hath struck them, as being wicked, in open sight.

34:27. Who as it were on purpose have revolted from him, and would not
understand all his ways:

34:28. So that they caused the cry of the needy to come to him, and he
heard the voice of the poor.

34:29. For when he granteth peace, who is there that can condemn? When
he hideth his countenance, who is there that can behold him, whether it
regard nations, or all men?

34:30. Who maketh a man that is a hypocrite to reign for the sins of the

34:31. Seeing then I have spoken of God, I will not hinder thee in thy

34:32. If I have erred, teach thou me: if I have spoken iniquity, I will
add no more.

34:33. Doth God require it of thee, because it hath displeased thee? for
thou begannest to speak, and not I: but if thou know any thing better,

34:34. Let men of understanding speak to me, and let a wise man hearken
to me.

34:35. But Job hath spoken foolishly, and his words sound not

34:36. My father, let Job be tried even to the end: cease not from the
man of iniquity.

34:37. Because he addeth blasphemy upon his sins, let him be tied fast
in the mean time amongst us: and then let him provoke God to judgment
with his speeches.

Job Chapter 35

Eliu declares that the good or evil done by man cannot reach God.

35:1. Moreover Eliu spoke these words:

35:2. Doth thy thought seem right to thee, that thou shouldst say: I am
more just than God?

35:3. For thou saidst: That which is right doth not please thee: or what
will it profit thee if I sin?

35:4. Therefore I will answer thy words, and thy friends with thee.

35:5. Look up to heaven and see, and behold the sky, that it is higher
than thee.

35:6. If thou sin, what shalt thou hurt him? and if thy iniquities be
multiplied, what shalt thou do against him?

35:7. And if thou do justly, what shalt thou give him, or what shall he
receive of thy hand?

35:8. Thy wickedness may hurt a man that is like thee: and thy justice
may help the son of man.

35:9. By reason of the multitude of oppressors they shall cry out: and
shall wail for the violence of the arm of tyrants.

35:10. And he hath not said: Where is God, who made me, who hath given
songs in the night?

35:11. Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and
instructeth us more than the fowls of the air.

35:12. There shall they cry, and he will not hear, because of the pride
of evil men.

35:13. God therefore will not hear in vain, and the Almighty will look
into the causes of every one.

35:14. Yea, when thou shalt say: He considereth not: be judged before
him, and expect him.

35:15. For he doth not now bring on his fury, neither doth he revenge
wickedness exceedingly.

35:16. Therefore Job openeth his mouth in vain, and multiplieth words
without knowledge.

Job Chapter 36

Eliu proceeds in setting forth the justice and power of God.

36:1. Eliu also proceeded, and said:

36:2. Suffer me a little, and I will shew thee: for I have yet somewhat
to speak in God's behalf.

36:3. I will repeat my knowledge from the beginning, and I will prove my
Maker just.

36:4. For indeed my words are without a lie, and perfect knowledge shall
be proved to thee.

36:5. God doth not cast away the mighty, whereas he himself also is

36:6. But he saveth not the wicked, and he giveth judgment to the poor.

36:7. He will not take away his eyes from the just, and he placeth kings
on the throne for ever, and they are exalted.

36:8. And if they shall be in chains, and be bound with the cords of

36:9. He shall shew them their works, and their wicked deeds, because
they have been violent.

36:10. He also shall open their ear, to correct them: and shall speak,
that they may return from iniquity.

36:11. If they shall hear and observe, they shall accomplish their days
in good, and their years in glory.

36:12. But if they hear not, they shall pass by the sword, and shall be
consumed in folly.

36:13. Dissemblers and crafty men prove the wrath of God, neither shall
they cry when they are bound.

36:14. Their soul shall die in a storm, and their life among the

36:15. He shall deliver the poor out of his distress, and shall open his
ear in affliction.

36:16. Therefore he shall set thee at large out of the narrow mouth, and
which hath no foundation under it: and the rest of thy table shall be
full of fatness.

Out of the narrow mouth... That is, out of hell, whose entrance is
narrow, and its depth bottomless; but figuratively meant here, that is,
from his miseries and calamity to be restored to his former state of

36:17. Thy cause hath been judged as that of the wicked, cause and
judgment thou shalt recover.

36:18. Therefore let not anger overcome thee to oppress any man: neither
let multitude of gifts turn thee aside.

36:19. Lay down thy greatness without tribulation, and all the mighty of

36:20. Prolong not the night that people may come up for them.

36:21. Beware thou turn not aside to iniquity: for this thou hast begun
to follow after misery.

For this thou hast begun to follow after misery... Eliu charges Job,
that notwithstanding his misery, he does not fear God as he ought: but
in his judgment, falls into iniquity.

36:22. Behold, God is high in his strength, and none is like him among
the lawgivers.

36:23. Who can search out his ways? or who can say to him: Thou hast
wrought iniquity?

36:24. Remember that thou knowest not his work, concerning which men
have sung.

36:25. All men see him, every one beholdeth afar off.

36:26. Behold, God is great, exceeding our knowledge: the number of his
years is inestimable.

36:27. He lifteth up the drops of rain, and poureth out showers like

36:28. Which flow from the clouds that cover all above.

36:29. If he will spread out clouds as his tent,

36:30. And lighten with his light from above, he shall cover also the
ends of the sea.

36:31. For by these he judgeth people, and giveth food to many mortals.

36:32. In his hands he hideth the light, and commandeth it to come

36:33. He sheweth his friend concerning it, that it is his possession,
and that he may come up to it.

Job Chapter 37

Eliu goes on in his discourse, shewing God's wisdom and power, by his
wonderful works.

37:1. At this my heart trembleth, and is moved out of its place.

37:2. Hear ye attentively the terror of his voice, and the sound that
cometh out of his mouth.

37:3. He beholdeth under all the heavens, and his light is upon the ends
of the earth.

37:4. After it a noise shall roar, he shall thunder with the voice of
his majesty, and shall not be found out, when his voice shall be heard.

37:5. God shall thunder wonderfully with his voice, he that doth great
and unsearchable things.

37:6. He commandeth the snow to go down upon the earth, and the winter
rain, and the shower of his strength.

37:7. He sealeth up the hand of all men, that every one may know his

He sealeth up, etc... When he sends those showers of his strength, that
is, those storms of rain, he seals up, that is, he shuts up the hands of
men from their usual works abroad, and confines them within doors, to
consider his works; or to forecast their works, that is, what they
themselves are to do.

37:8. Then the beast shall go into his covert, and shall abide in his

37:9. Out of the inner parts shall a tempest come, and cold out of the

37:10. When God bloweth there cometh frost, and again the waters are
poured out abundantly.

37:11. Corn desireth clouds, and the clouds spread their light:

37:12. Which go round about, whithersoever the will of him that
governeth them shall lead them, to whatsoever he shall command them upon
the face of the whole earth:

37:13. Whether in one tribe, or in his own land, or in what place soever
of his mercy he shall command them to be found.

37:14. Hearken to these things, Job: Stand, and consider the wondrous
works of God.

37:15. Dost thou know when God commanded the rains, to shew his light of
his clouds?

37:16. Knowest thou the great paths of the clouds, and the perfect

37:17. Are not thy garments hot, when the south wind blows upon the

37:18. Thou perhaps hast made the heavens with him, which are most
strong, as if they were of molten brass.

37:19. Shew us what we may say to him: or we are wrapped up in darkness.

37:20. Who shall tell him the things I speak? even if a man shall speak,
he shall be swallowed up.

He shall be swallowed up... All that man can say when he speaks of God,
is so little and inconsiderable in comparison with the subject, that man
is lost, and as it were swallowed up in so immense an ocean.

37:21. But now they see not the light: the air on a sudden shall be
thickened into clouds, and the wind shall pass and drive them away.

37:22. Cold cometh out of the north, and to God praise with fear.

37:23. We cannot find him worthily: he is great in strength, and in
judgment, and in justice, and he is ineffable.

37:24. Therefore men shall fear him, and all that seem to themselves to
be wise, shall not dare to behold him.

Job Chapter 38

God interposes and shews from the things he hath made, that man cannot
comprehend his power and wisdom.

38:1. Then the Lord answered Job out of a whirlwind, and said:

The Lord.. That is, an angel speaking in the name of the Lord.

38:2. Who is this that wrappeth up sentences in unskilful words?

38:3. Gird up thy loins like a man: I will ask thee, and answer thou me.

38:4. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth?  tell me
if thou hast understanding.

38:5. Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest or who hath
stretched the line upon it?

38:6. Upon what are its bases grounded? or who laid the corner stone

38:7. When the morning stars praised me together, and all the sons of
God made a joyful melody?

38:8. Who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth as issuing out
of the womb:

38:9. When I made a cloud the garment thereof, and wrapped it in a mist
as in swaddling bands?

38:10. I set my bounds around it, and made it bars and doors:

38:11. And I said: Hitherto thou shalt come, and shalt go no further,
and here thou shalt break thy swelling waves.

38:12. Didst thou since thy birth command the morning, and shew the
dawning of the day its place?

38:13. And didst thou hold the extremities of the earth shaking them,
and hast thou shaken the ungodly out of it?

38:14. The seal shall be restored as clay, and shall stand as a garment.

38:15. From the wicked their light shall be taken away, and the high arm
shall be broken.

38:16. Hast thou entered into the depths of the sea, and walked in the
lowest parts of the deep?

38:17. Have the gates of death been opened to thee, and hast thou seen
the darksome doors?

38:18. Hast thou considered the breadth of the earth? tell me, if thou
knowest all things?

38:19. Where is the way where light dwelleth, and where is the place of

38:20. That thou mayst bring every thing to its own bounds, and
understand the paths of the house thereof.

38:21. Didst thou know then that thou shouldst be born? and didst thou
know the number of thy days?

38:22. Hast thou entered into the storehouses of the snow, or hast thou
beheld the treasures of the hail:

38:23. Which I have prepared for the time of the enemy, against the day
of battle and war?

38:24. By what way is the light spread, and heat divided upon the earth?

38:25. Who gave a course to violent showers, or a way for noisy thunder:

38:26. That it should rain on the earth without man in the wilderness,
where no mortal dwelleth:

38:27. That it should fill the desert and desolate land, and should
bring forth green grass?

38:28. Who is the father of rain? or who begot the drops of dew?

38:29. Out of whose womb came the ice? and the frost from heaven who
hath gendered it?

38:30. The waters are hardened like a stone, and the surface of the deep
is congealed.

38:31. Shalt thou be able to join together the shining stars the
Pleiades, or canst thou stop the turning about of Arcturus?

Pleiades... Hebrew, Cimah. A cluster of seven stars in the constellation
Taurus or the Bull. Arcturus, a bright star in the constellation Bootes.
The Hebrew name Cesil, is variously interpreted; by some, Orion; by
others, the Great Bear is understood.

38:32. Canst thou bring forth the day star in its time, and make the
evening star to rise upon the children of the earth?

38:33. Dost thou know the order of heaven, and canst thou set down the
reason thereof on the earth?

38:34. Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that an abundance of
waters may cover thee?

38:35. Canst thou send lightnings, and will they go, and will they
return and say to thee: Here we are?

38:36. Who hath put wisdom in the heart of man? or who gave the cock

Understanding... That instinct by which he distinguishes the times of
crowing in the night.

38:37. Who can declare the order of the heavens, or who can make the
harmony of heaven to sleep?

38:38. When was the dust poured on the earth, and the clods fastened

38:39. Wilt thou take the prey for the lioness, and satisfy the appetite
of her whelps,

38:40. When they couch in the dens and lie in wait in holes?

38:41. Who provideth food for the raven, when her young ones cry to God,
wandering about, because they have no meat?

Job Chapter 39 The wonders of the power and providence of God in many of
his creatures.

39:1. Knowest thou the time when the wild goats bring forth among the
rocks, or hast thou observed the hinds when they fawn?

39:2. Hast thou numbered the months of their conceiving, or knowest thou
the time when they bring forth?

39:3. They bow themselves to bring forth young, and they cast them, and
send forth roarings.

39:4. Their young are weaned and go to feed: they go forth, and return
not to them.

39:5. Who hath sent out the wild ass free, and who hath loosed his

39:6. To whom I have given a house in the wilderness, and his dwellings
in the barren land.

39:7. He scorneth the multitude of the city, he heareth not the cry of
the driver.

39:8. He looketh round about the mountains of his pasture, and seeketh
for every green thing,

39:9. Shall the rhinoceros be willing to serve thee, or will he stay at
thy crib?

39:10. Canst thou bind the rhinoceros with thy thong to plough, or will
he break the clods of the valleys after thee?

39:11. Wilt thou have confidence in his great strength, and leave thy
labours to him?

39:12. Wilt thou trust him that he will render thee the seed, and gather
it into thy barnfloor?

39:13. The wing of the ostrich is like the wings of the heron, and of
the hawk.

39:14. When she leaveth her eggs on the earth, thou perhaps wilt warm
them in the dust.

39:15. She forgetteth that the foot may tread upon them, or that the
beasts of the field may break them.

39:16. She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not
hers, she hath laboured in vain, no fear constraining her.

39:17. For God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither hath he given her

39:18. When time shall be, she setteth up her wings on high: she
scorneth the horse and his rider.

39:19. Wilt thou give strength to the horse or clothe his neck with

39:20. Wilt thou lift him up like the locusts? the glory of his nostrils
is terror.

39:21. He breaketh up the earth with his hoof, he pranceth boldly, he
goeth forward to meet armed men.

39:22. He despiseth fear, he turneth not his back to the sword.

39:23. Above him shall the quiver rattle, the spear and shield shall

39:24. Chasing and raging he swalloweth the ground, neither doth he make
account when the noise of the trumpet soundeth.

39:25. When he heareth the trumpet he saith: Ha, ha: he smelleth the
battle afar off, the encouraging of the captains, and the shouting of
the army.

39:26. Doth the hawk wax feathered by thy wisdom, spreading her wings to
the south?

39:27. Will the eagle mount up at thy command, and make her nest in high

39:28. She abideth among the rocks, and dwelleth among cragged flints,
and stony hills, where there is no access.

39:29. From thence she looketh for the prey, and her eyes behold afar

39:30. Her young ones shall suck up blood: and wheresoever the carcass
shall be, she is immediately there.

39:31. And the Lord went on, and said to Job:

39:32. Shall he that contendeth with God be so easily silenced?  surely
he that reproveth God, ought to answer him.

39:33. Then Job answered the Lord, and said:

39:34. What can I answer, who hath spoken inconsiderately? I will lay my
hand upon my mouth.

Spoken inconsiderately... If we discuss all Job's words (saith St.
Gregory), we shall find nothing impiously spoken; as may be gathered
from the words of the Lord himself, chap. 42, ver. 7, 8; but what was
reprehensible in him, was the manner of expressing himself at times,
speaking too much of his own affliction, and too little of God's
goodness towards him, which here he acknowledges as inconsiderate.

39:35. One thing I have spoken, which I wish I had not said: and
another, to which I will add no more.

Job Chapter 40

Of the power of God in the behemoth and the leviathan.

40:1. And the Lord answering Job out of the whirlwind, said:

40:2. Gird up thy loins like a man: I will ask thee, and do thou tell

40:3. Wilt thou make void my judgment: and condemn me, that thou mayst
be justified?

40:4. And hast thou an arm like God, and canst thou thunder with a voice
like him?

40:5. Clothe thyself with beauty, and set thyself up on high, and be
glorious, and put on goodly garments.

40:6. Scatter the proud in thy indignation, and behold every arrogant
man, and humble him.

40:7. Look on all that are proud, and confound them, and crush the
wicked in their place,

40:8. Hide them in the dust together, and plunge their faces into the

40:9. Then I will confess that thy right hand is able to save thee.

40:10. Behold behemoth whom I made with thee, he eateth grass like an

Behemoth... In Hebrew, behema, which signifies in general an animal; but
many authors explain, that here it is put for the elephant.

40:11. His strength is in his loins, and his force in the navel of his

40:12. He setteth up his tail like a cedar, the sinews of his testicles
are wrapped together.

40:13. His bones are like pipes of brass, his gristle like plates of

40:14. He is the beginning of the ways of God, who made him, he will
apply his sword.

He will apply his sword... This text is variously explained: some
explain the sword, the horn given to the animal for his defence: others,
the power that God hath given to the animal for his defence: others, the
power that God hath given to man to slay him, notwithstanding his great
size and strength.

40:15. To him the mountains bring forth grass: there all the beasts of
the field shall play.

40:16. He sleepeth under the shadow, in the covert of the reed, and in
moist places.

40:17. The shades cover his shadow, the willows of the brook shall
compass him about.

40:18. Behold, he will drink up a river, and not wonder: and he trusteth
that the Jordan may run into his mouth.

40:19. In his eyes as with a hook he shall take him, and bore through
his nostrils with stakes.

40:20. Canst thou draw out the leviathan with a hook, or canst thou tie
his tongue with a cord?

Leviathan... The whale or some sea monster.

40:21. Canst thou put a ring in his nose, or bore through his jaw with a

40:22. Will he make many supplications to thee, or speak soft words to

40:23. Will he make a covenant with thee, and wilt thou take him to be a
servant for ever,

40:24. Shalt thou play with him as with a bird, or tie him up for thy

40:25. Shall friends cut him in pieces, shall merchants divide him?

40:26. Wilt thou fill nets with his skin, and the cabins of fishes with
his head?

40:27. Lay thy hand upon him: remember the battle, and speak no more.

40:28. Behold his hope shall fail him, and in the sight of all he shall
be cast down.

Job Chapter 41

A further description of the leviathan.

41:1. I will not stir him up, like one that is cruel, for who can resist
my countenance?

41:2. Who hath given me before that I should repay him? All things that
are under heaven are mine.

41:3. I will not spare him, nor his mighty words, and framed to make

41:4. Who can discover the face of his garment? or who can go into the
midst of his mouth?

41:5. Who can open the doors of his face? his teeth are terrible round

41:6. His body is like molten shields, shut close up with scales
pressing upon one another.

41:7. One is joined to another, and not so much as any air can come
between them:

41:8. They stick one to another and they hold one another fast, and
shall not be separated.

41:9. His sneezing is like the shining of fire, and his eyes like the
eyelids of the morning.

41:10. Out of his mouth go forth lamps, like torches of lighted fire.

41:11. Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, like that of a pot heated and

41:12. His breath kindleth coals, and a flame cometh forth out of his

41:13. In his neck strength shall dwell, and want goeth before his face.

41:14. The members of his flesh cleave one to another: he shall send
lightnings against him, and they shall not be carried to another place.

41:15. His heart shall be as hard as a stone, and as firm as a smith's

41:16. When he shall raise him up, the angels shall fear, and being
affrighted shall purify themselves.

Angels... Elim, Hebrew: which signifies here, the mighty, the most
valiant, shall fear this monstrous fish, and in their fear shall seek to
be purified.

41:17. When a sword shall lay at him, it shall not be able to hold, nor
a spear, nor a breastplate.

41:18. For he shall esteem iron as straw, and brass as rotten wood.

41:19. The archer shall not put him to flight, the stones of the sling
are to him like stubble.

41:20. As stubble will he esteem the hammer, and he will laugh him to
scorn who shaketh the spear.

41:21. The beams of the sun shall be under him, and he shall strew gold
under him like mire.

Under him... He shall not value the beams of the sun; and gold to him
shall be like mire.

41:22. He shall make the deep sea to boil like a pot, and shall make it
as when ointments boil.

41:23. A path shall shine after him, he shall esteem the deep as growing

The deep as growing old... Growing hoary, as it were with the froth
which he leaves behind him.

41:24. There is no power upon earth that can be compared with him who
was made to fear no one,

41:25. He beholdeth every high thing, he is king over all the children
of pride.

He is king, etc... He is superior in strength to all that are great and
strong amongst living creatures: mystically it is understood of the
devil, who is king over all the proud.

Job Chapter 42

Job submits himself. God pronounces in his favour. Job offers sacrifice
for his friends. He is blessed with riches and children, and dies

42:1. Then Job answered the Lord, and said:

42:2. I know that thou canst do all things, and no thought is hid from

42:3. Who is this that hideth counsel without knowledge? Therefore I
have spoken unwisely, and things that above measure exceeded my

42:4. Hear, and I will speak: I will ask thee, and do thou tell me.

42:5. With the hearing of the ear, I have heard thee, but now my eye
seeth thee.

42:6. Therefore I reprehend myself, and do penance in dust and ashes.

42:7. And after the Lord had spoken these words to Job, he said to
Eliphaz the Themanite: My wrath is kindled against thee, and against thy
two friends, because you have not spoken the thing that is right before
me, as my servant Job hath.

42:8. Take unto you therefore seven oxen and seven rams, and go to my
servant Job, and offer for yourselves a holocaust, and my servant Job
shall pray for you: his face I will accept, that folly be not imputed to
you: for you have not spoken right things before me, as my servant Job

42:9. So Eliphaz the Themanite, and Baldad the Suhite, and Sophar the
Naamathite went, and did as the Lord had spoken to them, and the Lord
accepted the face of Job.

42:10. The Lord also was turned at the penance of Job, when he prayed
for his friends. And the Lord gave Job twice as much as he had before.

42:11. And all his brethren came to him, and all his sisters, and all
that knew him before, and they ate bread with him in his house: and
bemoaned him, and comforted him upon all the evil that God had brought
upon him. And every man gave him one ewe, and one earring of gold.

42:12. And the Lord blessed the latter end of Job more than his
beginning. And he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels,
and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses.

42:13. And he had seven sons, and three daughters.

42:14. And he called the name of one Dies, and the name of the second
Cassia, and the name of the third Cornustibii.

42:15. And there were not found in all the earth women so beautiful as
the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among their

42:16. And Job lived after these things, a hundred and forty years, and
he saw his children, and his children's children, unto the fourth
generation, and he died an old man, and full of days.

*** End of this LibraryBlog Digital Book "The Bible, Douay-Rheims, Book 20: Job - The Challoner Revision" ***

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