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Title: Harper's Young People, December 6, 1881 - An Illustrated Weekly
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, December 6, 1881 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.


       *       *       *       *       *


Tuesday, December 6, 1881. Copyright, 1881, by HARPER & BROTHERS. $1.50
per Year, in Advance.

       *       *       *       *       *




A few days after my war experience, we moved to Berlin, where Thad and I
managed to have a more cheerful time of it, as father allowed us to walk
by ourselves as far as we pleased in either direction on "Under Ten
Lindens," which was the way my brother pronounced the name of the main

We used to wander up and down this street for hours, watching for
Emperor William, although as soon as his carriage came in sight, I
always hurried Thad around the nearest corner for fear he might be in
the way of somebody who wanted to shoot the Kaiser. So we never saw
anything more than the horses' heads, and the sun shining on the helmets
of the officers.

I had now become very suspicious of these Germans and their queer
customs, so when mother heard from some friends in another town that one
of the young fellows in the party had been compelled to join the
fire-company because he was over a certain age, and had lived there six
months, I determined to keep my eyes open wider than ever.

Yet after all I got mixed up in a dreadful way before I had been in the
city a week, and this is how it happened:

One morning Thad and I had walked a little further than usual, when we
suddenly came upon a lot of people crowding about the entrance to a
large building in a way that was so enticingly suggestive of a circus
that we could not resist the temptation to join them.

As the Germans haven't yet invented any outlandish fashion of making
figures, it did not take me long to find out the low price of admission
from the sign before the door, and telling Thad to keep fast hold of my
jacket, I began working my way inside.

I soon found that the crowd was not as dense as it had seemed, and in
less than two minutes I had bought my two tickets, and was waiting my
turn to pass through the narrow space where a man was taking them up. I
gave one to Thad, and as I went in ahead of him, handed my own to the
door-keeper, who looked at it and at me, then suddenly seizing me by the
shoulders, turned me completely around, at the same time shouting out
something that made everybody rush up and stare at me as if they had
never seen a boy before.

This lasted for about five minutes, during which time I kept crying out
in the most broken sort of English I could talk:

"Let me go. I'm an American, and haven't even seen your Emperor.
Besides, I never shot anything out of a pistol but peas in my life. Oh,
don't somebody understand?"

But nobody offered to help me, and as two fat men with red faces came up
and prepared to march me off between them, I could only resign myself to
my fate, first begging Thad, however, to run back to the hotel as fast
as he could, and tell father that I had been arrested.

All this while the crowd had been very merry at my expense, and when the
two fat men began to walk off with me, loud laughs and cheers were heard
on every side. In this humiliating manner, then I was taken from one end
of the building to the other, but to this day I can't remember what was
in it, although I am sure there were neither horses nor clowns.

I had felt somewhat easier in my mind since sending after father, and
was now expecting to see him rush in, "haggard with anxiety," at any
minute, when I was suddenly walked out through a side door, and marched
off in a direction directly away from our hotel.

"Hold on there! Where are you taking me?" I cried, struggling to free
myself, with the sole result of making my captors grip tighter and laugh

The next instant they turned into a photographer's, and signed to me
that I was to have my picture taken.

"Well, it's all over with me now," was my despairing thought, as there
came to my mind faint recollections of having somewhere heard that a
certain class of prisoners were always photographed before being sent to

While the artist was getting things ready, I had a desperate idea of
refusing to sit still, but, as I sadly reflected further that by so
doing I would only add to the malice of my enemies, I determined to
remain passive, and let them do with me as they would.

But wasn't I just boiling over with wrath inwardly! To think that a
free-born American should be seized in this shameful manner, and treated
like any common criminal, was outrageous, and in spite of the terror I
was in I felt like shaking my fist at the whole party, and letting them
know that New York had a Seventh Regiment that could whip their entire
army--at least I should think it could from the way I've heard Cousin
Walter talk, who's a member of it.

As it was, I could do nothing but sit there like a statue, with my head
pinched by the iron frame behind me, and the artist in front of me
fussing around his cannon-like arrangement, which, had it gone off and
killed me on the spot, I thought would be in no way surprising in this
land of surprises.

In five minutes the picture was taken, and then as the two red-faced men
came forward, I resolved to make one last, bold dash for liberty.

Giving a sudden spring, I bounded from the chair, rushed for the door,
and--plumped straight into my father's arms.

"Well, Max," he began in the calmest tones imaginable, "I see they
haven't quite taken all the life out of you yet," and then he went on
talking in German with the fat men, who soon grew redder in the face
than ever as they shook all over in fits of laughter.

And what do you suppose all the fuss had been about? Just this: I had
happened to be the millionth visitor that had entered the building, and
that person, whoever it might be, the managers had decided should be
treated with great honor, conducted in state through the exhibition, and
finally have his photograph taken as a souvenir.

I brought one of the pictures back to America with me, and the boys at
school all think it's a big thing; but then I've never told them as many
of the particulars as I have just confided to YOUNG PEOPLE.




It is not the amount a gift costs in money which makes it beautiful and
valuable. It is the loving thought of which it speaks which constitutes
its claim to our regard. A person with a pocketful of money might rush
into a store, buy half its contents, and scatter them right and left
among his friends, without giving them much pleasure.

If you really wish to show your family and acquaintances that you love
and would like to please them, you will suit your gifts thoughtfully to
each of them, studying their necessities and tastes. You will not give
grandma a gay neck ribbon, and Angie a pair of spectacles, nor present
the cook with a volume of Tennyson, and brother Theodore with a pair of
slippers when he already has three pair not worn out.

Gifts which little fingers themselves make are always especially prized
by mammas and aunties. There is a great deal of fun and pleasure in
preparing for Christmas, and half of it comes from the difficulty of
making peoples' presents, when the people are always popping in at the
wrong moment. Let me suggest two or three pretty things which the girls
may make without much trouble, and with very little expense.

A chintz bag to contain the weekly stockings until they are mended is a
gift to be prized by a busy mother. Let it be of any size you please,
and gather it on either side to a square of pasteboard, the corners
rounded a little at the lower edge. These squares must be covered, and
on one of them may be gathered a little outside bag to hold darning
cottons and thimbles, while the other must have some bits of gay flannel
attached for a needle-book.

A set of table napkins may be worked with a tiny design in each corner.
Beautiful hair-receivers are made of tiny Japanese parasols, opened half
way, and looped up with ribbon. A baby's rattle may be easily made. Set
up twenty-four stitches with scarlet single zephyr, knit across plain
twenty-two times, bind off, and leave an end long enough to sew up the
sides. Run strong thread through every stitch on one end, draw up
tightly, and fasten; then stuff it with cotton, and when nearly full put
in a twisted cord. Then make two more pieces of other colors, stuff in
the same way, and fasten little bells to each, attaching all three to a
rubber ring.

The little fan-shaped shells which are gathered on the beach in summer
make lovely emery needle-cushions. Stuff the cushion with emery sand,
and glue it fast to the shells, the large rounding ends apart. Tie with
a loop of narrow satin ribbon.

A very beautiful afghan for grandpa can be made without much labor, if
the whole family will join in knitting it. Take German town wool; you
will need six hanks of black, three of white, three of pink, three of
blue, and three of yellow. Set up fifty stitches for each strip, and
make the strips each a yard and a half long. Crochet together with
black, and finish with a deep fringe.

A small photograph on an easel, a growing plant, an album filled with
stamps, a handkerchief case made of crocheted worsted over silesia or
muslin, a scrap-book filled with selections--any little thing, in fact,
which says, "I love you," is a fit and graceful Christmas gift.




In the latter part of the tenth century Sviatozlaf was Grand Prince of
Russia. He was a powerful prince, but a turbulent one, and he behaved so
ill toward his neighbors that, when an opportunity offered, one of them
converted his skull into a gold-mounted drinking cup, with an
inscription upon it, and his dominions were parcelled out between his
three sons, Yaropolk, Oleg, and Vladimir.

Yaropolk, finding his possessions too small for his ambition, made war
on Oleg, and conquered his territory; but his brother Oleg having been
killed in the war, the tender-hearted Yaropolk wept bitterly over his

The other brother, Vladimir, was so grieved at the death of Oleg that he
abandoned his capital, Novgorod, and remained for a time in seclusion.
Yaropolk seized the opportunity thus offered, and made himself master of
Vladimir's dominions. Not long afterward Vladimir appeared at the head
of an army, and Yaropolk ran away to his own capital, Kiev. Vladimir at
once resumed the throne, and sent word to Yaropolk that he would in due
time return the hostile visit.

About this time Yaropolk and Vladimir both asked for the hand of the
Princess Rogneda, of Polotzk, in marriage, and the father of the
princess, fearing to offend either of the royal barbarians, left the
choice to Rogneda herself. She chose Yaropolk, sending a very insulting
message to Vladimir, whereupon that prince marched against Polotzk,
conquered the province, and with his own hand slew the father and
brothers of the princess. Then, with their blood still unwashed from his
hands, he forced Rogneda to marry him.

Having attended to this matter, Vladimir undertook to return his
brother's hostile visit, as he had promised to do. Yaropolk's capital,
Kiev, was a strongly fortified place, and capable of a stout resistance;
but Vladimir corrupted Blude, one of Yaropolk's ministers, paying him to
betray his master, and promising, in the event of success, to heap
honors on his head. Blude worked upon Yaropolk's fears, and persuaded
him to abandon the capital without a struggle, and Vladimir took
possession of the throne and the country. Even in his exile, however,
Yaropolk had no peace. Blude frightened him with false stories, and
persuaded him to remove from place to place, until his mind and body
were worn out, when, at Blude's suggestion, he determined to surrender
himself, and trust to the mercy of Vladimir. That good-natured brother
ordered the betrayed and distressed prince to be put to death.

Then Vladimir rewarded Blude. He entertained him in princely fashion,
declaring to his followers that he was deeply indebted to this man for
his faithful services, and heaping all manner of honors upon him. But at
the end of three days he said to Blude: "I have kept my promise
strictly. I have received you with welcome, and heaped unwonted honors
upon your head. This I have done as your friend. To-day, as judge, I
condemn the traitor and the murderer of his prince." He ordered that
Blude should suffer instant death, and the sentence was executed.

Now that both Oleg and Yaropolk were dead, Vladimir was Grand Prince of
all the Russias, as his father before him had been. He invaded Poland,
and made war upon various others of his neighbors, greatly enlarging his
dominions and strengthening his rule.

But Vladimir was a very pious prince in his heathen way, and feeling
that the gods had greatly favored him, he made rich feasts of
thanksgiving in their honor. He ordered splendid memorials to various
deities to be erected throughout the country, and he specially honored
Perune, the father of the gods, for whom he provided a new pair of
golden whiskers--golden whiskers being the special glory of Perune.

Not content with this, Vladimir ordered a human sacrifice to be made,
and selected for the victim a Christian youth of the capital. The father
of the boy resisted, and both were slain, locked in each other's arms.

Vladimir gave vast sums of money to the religious establishments, and
behaved generally like a very devout pagan. His piety and generosity
made him so desirable a patron that efforts were made by the priests of
other religions to convert him. Jews, Mohammedans, Catholics, and Greeks
all sought to win him, and Vladimir began seriously to consider the
question of changing his religion. He appointed a commission, consisting
of ten Boyards, and ordered them to examine into the respective merits
of the different religions, and to report to him. When their report was
made, Vladimir weighed the matter carefully.

He began by rejecting Mohammedanism, because it forbids the use of wine,
and Vladimir was not at all disposed to become a water-drinker. Judaism,
he said, was a homeless religion, its followers being wanderers on the
face of the earth, under a curse. The Catholic religion would not do at
all, because it recognized in the Pope a superior to himself, and
Vladimir had no mind to acknowledge a superior. The Greek religion was
free from these objections, and, moreover, by adopting it he would bring
himself into friendship with the great Greek or Byzantine Empire, whose
capital was at Constantinople, and that was something which he greatly
desired to accomplish.

Accordingly he determined to become a Christian and a member of the
Greek Church; but how? There were serious difficulties in the way. To
become a Christian he must be baptized, and he was puzzled about how to
accomplish that. There were many Greek priests in his capital, any one
of whom would have been glad to baptize the heathen monarch, but
Vladimir would not let a mere priest convert him into a Christian.
Nobody less than an archbishop would do for that, and there was no
archbishop in Russia.

It is true that there were plenty of archbishops in the dominions of his
Byzantine neighbors, and that the Greek Emperors, Basil and Constantine,
would have been glad to send him a dozen of them if he had expressed a
wish to that effect; but Vladimir was proud, and would not think of
asking a favor of anybody, least of all of the Greek Emperors. No, he
would die a heathen rather than ask for an archbishop to baptize him.

Nevertheless, Vladimir had fully made up his mind to have himself
baptized by an archbishop. It was his life-long habit, when he wanted
anything, to take it by force. He had taken two-thirds of his dominions
in that way, and, as we have seen, it was in that way that he got his
wife Rogneda. So now that he wanted an archbishop, he determined to take
one. Calling his army together, he declared war on the Greek Emperors,
and promising his soldiers all the pillage they wanted, he marched away
toward Constantinople.


The first serious obstacle he met with was the fortified city of
Kherson, situated near the spot where Sevastopol stands in our day. Here
the resistance was so obstinate that month after month was consumed in
siege operations. At the end of six months Vladimir became seriously
alarmed lest the garrison should be succored from without, in which case
his hope of baptism must be abandoned altogether.

While he was troubled on this score, however, one of his soldiers picked
up an arrow that had been shot from the city, and found a letter
attached to it. This letter informed the Grand Prince that the
water-pipes of the city received their supplies at a point immediately
in his rear, and with this news Vladimir's hope of becoming a Christian
revived. He found the water-pipes and stopped them up, and the city

There were plenty of bishops and archbishops there, of course, and they
were perfectly willing--as they had been from the first, for that
matter--to baptize the unruly royal convert, but Vladimir was not
content now with this. He sent a messenger to Constantinople to tell the
Emperors there that he wanted their sister, the Princess Anne, for a
wife; and that if they refused, he would march against Constantinople
itself. The Emperors Basil and Constantine consented, and although
Vladimir had five wives already, he married Anne, and was baptized on
the same day.

Having now become a Christian, the Grand Prince determined that his
Russians should do the same. He publicly stripped the god Perune of his
gorgeous golden whiskers, and of his rich vestments, showing the people
that Perune was only a log of wood. Then he had the deposed god whipped
in public, and thrown into the river with all the other gods.

He next ordered all the people of his capital city to assemble on the
banks of the Dnieper River, and, at a signal, made them all rush into
the water at once, while a priest pronounced the baptismal service.

That is the way in which Russia was changed from a pagan to a Christian
empire. The story reads like a romance, but it is plain,
well-authenticated history. For his military exploits the Russian
historians call this prince Vladimir the Great. The people call him St.
Vladimir, the Greek Church having enrolled his name among the saints
soon after his death. He was undoubtedly a man of rare military skill,
and unusual ability in the government of men. Bad as his acts were, he
seems to have had a conscience, and to have done his duty so far as he
was capable of understanding it.


An Indian Story.



[1] Begun in No. 101, HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE.

Captain Skinner and his miners were quickly at the head of the ravine
again, but the gold ledge stopped them all as if it had been a high

"Cap," said the man called Bill, "of course them two fellers lit onto
this mine. They couldn't ha' helped it. But they haven't done a stroke
of work on it. Reckon we kin set up marks of our own."

"Twon't pay."

"We can't leave a claim like this."

Every man of the party was of the same opinion, and Captain Skinner
said: "Go ahead, boys. Only I can tell you one thing--we're going to
move out of this, through that western gap, before daylight to-morrow
morning. We're too near those red-skins down there to suit me. There's
no telling how many there may be of them."

The men sprang to their work with a will. The first thing they did was
to set up a "discovery monument" right in the middle of the ledge, at
the head of the chasm.

Large flat stones were laid down, others carefully set upon them, and so
up and up, until a pretty well shaped four-sided pyramid had been made,
six feet square and as many high.

Then two more, nearly as large, were set up at the ends of the ledge,
where the gold vein disappeared in the high cliffs. Seven strong men can
do a great deal in a short time when they are in a hurry and all
understand exactly what to do.

"Now we'll go for supper, and send out the rest."

"Must have a shaft begun and a blast fired."

The miners have a law of their own among themselves that a man who finds
a mine must do some work on it and set up "marks," or else his claim to
it is of no value.

These miners only paid no attention to another "law," that a man like
Steve Harrison, for instance, is entitled to all the time required to do
his work and set up his monuments. One part of the law is just as good
as another.

The return to camp was quickly made, and there was news to tell all
around, for the hunters not only brought in game, but also the
information that they "reckoned an army train could be hauled down that
gap to the westward. It's almost as good as a road."

"We'll try it to-morrow," said the Captain.

He went out with all the men he could spare from camp as soon as supper
was eaten, and they carried with them pickaxes, crowbars, mining drills,
and shovels. All the tools were pretty well worn, but they would answer
for the work in hand.

It was getting dark when they reached the ledge; but that was of less
consequence after two huge bonfires had been built near the central
monument, and heaped with fragments of fallen pine-trees.

Then the work began.

"Gangs of three," said Captain Skinner--"one on each side. We'll have
two shafts started. Bill, drill your blast right there."

The shafts would not have been needed for a long time in actually
working out ore from a ledge like that, but two such holes would make a
very deep mark, that could not be wiped out, and the blast would make

It was hard work, but as fast as the men who were prying and picking
loosened a piece of quartz, it was lifted away by their comrades, and it
was a wonder how those two shafts did go down.


All the while Bill was tapping away with his hammer and drill on the
spot pointed out to him, and was making a hole in the rock about the
size of a gun-barrel.

"Two feet, Cap," he shouted at last. "That's as far as I can go with
this drill, and it's the longest there is in camp."

"That'll do. Charge it. Our job's 'most done."

The night was cool, but the miners had kept themselves warm enough. They
were not sorry when their hard-faced little Captain ordered them out of
the two holes; but it was odd to see such great, brawny fellows obeying
a man who looked almost like a dwarf beside them.

"Got her charged, Bill?"

"All right, Cap."

"Stand back, boys. Touch yer fuse, Bill."

That was a slow-match that stuck out of the hole he had drilled in the
rock, and it led down to the charge of powder he had skillfully rammed
in at the bottom.

"We can hardly afford to waste so much powder," the Captain had
muttered, "but it won't do for me to cross 'em too much on such a

Back they went for a hundred yards, while the fuse burned its slow,
sputtering way down through the "tamping" Bill had rammed around it.

They had not long to wait. The blazing fires lit up the whole ledge and
the bordering cliffs, and the miners could see distinctly everything
that happened on it. Suddenly there came a puff of smoke from the drill
hole. Then the rock outside of it, toward the chasm, rose a little, and
a great fragment of it tumbled over down the ledge, while a dull,
thunderous burst of sound startled the silence of the night, and awaked
all the echoes of the cliffs and the cañon. No such sound had ever
before been heard there, by night or by day, since the world was made;
but Captain Skinner and his miners were not thinking of things like

"That'll do, boys," he said. "There'll be powder marks on that rock for
twenty years. Our claim's good now, if any of us ever come back to make

The men thought of how rich a mine it was, and each one promised himself
that he would come back, whether the rest did or not.

It is not easy to tire out fellows as tough as they were; but Captain
Skinner was a "fair boss," as they all knew, and the men who stood
sentinel around his camp that night were not the men who had toiled so
hard on the mine.

"He doesn't seem to need any sleep himself," remarked one of them to
Bill, as they were routed out of their blankets an hour before daylight
the next morning.

"You'll have to eat your breakfast on horseback, you three," he said to
them. "Strike right for the gap, and if you come across anything that
doesn't look right, you can send one of you back to let me know. Sharp,
now! We won't be long in following."

Their horses were quickly saddled, and away they rode, each man doing
his best, as he went, with a huge piece of cold roast venison. The
Captain had remarked to them: "That'll do ye. Your coffee'll be just as
hot as ours."

That meant that the cold water of one mountain stream was just about as
pleasant to drink as that of another.

Bill and his two comrades were not the men to grumble over a piece of
necessary duty like that, and they knew it was "their turn."

The sun was well up before they reached the head of the gap, and a
glance showed them that it was all the hunters had prophesied of it. It
was in fact a sort of natural highway from that table-land down to the
valleys and plains of Arizona.

"This'll do first rate," said Bill, "only I'd like to know what thar is
at the lower end of it."

"That's what we're gwine to look for. If ever we come back to work that
mine, Bill, what ranches we can lay out on that level beyond the ruins!"

"Best kind. Raise 'most anything up thar."

No doubt of it, but now for some hours their minds and eyes were busier
with the pass before them than with either mines or farming.

"Not a sign yet, Bill, and we're getting well down. See them pines?"

"Off to the left?--Hullo! Put for the pines, boys. We'll nab those two.
See 'em?"

"Coming right along up. All we've got to do is to 'bush our horses, and
let 'em git past us."

"Only two squaws."

The three miners dashed on a minute or so until they could turn aside
among the thick-growing covers of the forest.

They rode in a little distance, until they were sure they could not be
seen from the pass, then they dismounted, tethered their horses, and
slipped cautiously back to crouch among some dense bushes among the
rocks within a few yards of the path by which any one coming up the gap
must needs ride.

"We'll get 'em."

"Learn all we want to."

"Hullo, Bill, can see 'em. That ain't all--thar's some kind of a brave
not fur behind 'em."

"I see. Only one. Well, we kin take him too."

"Take him! Bah! knock him on the head. I don't exactly like to fire a
gun just here."

"Old Skinner'd kill ye if ye gave that kind of warnin' to a crowd of

"Mebbe there isn't any."

"You don't know. Safe not to make too much noise anyhow."

They might have fired every cartridge they had and not have been heard
by the Apaches in the valley, but there was no one to tell them so. At
the same time they felt perfectly safe to talk, for they were sure there
were no human ears near enough to hear them--so sure, that they talked
aloud and recklessly.

Perhaps it would have been as well for them to have imitated Captain
Skinner, who hardly ever talked at all.

As it was, they had nothing to do but to wait, for their intended
captives were evidently in no sort of hurry, and were laughing merrily
as they loitered along the ravine below, picking berries here, and a
flower there, and making a capital frolic of their morning ride.

Laughing, talking, thoughtless of all danger, and yet they were riding
on into the most terrible kind of a trap.

How could any help reach them if once they should go beyond those
treacherous rocks and bushes?




"It's a shame, that's what it is, and I don't think mothers have got any
right to make boys eight years old tend little dried-up-looking babies
that can't do anything but cry."

Eddie Barnard's voice expressed the sympathy he felt for his cousin,
Charley Harnden, when he found him caring for the baby on that
particular Saturday afternoon they had counted on for putting the
finishing touches to a large kite which it was believed would outsail
any other in the village.

"Boys wasn't made to sit 'round holdin' babies, and I just wish Doctor
Abbott hadn't brought this one, 'cause it's just done nothing but plague
me ever since it come;" and Charley almost shook his little baby
brother, who was sucking his thumb as contentedly as if he hadn't an
idea how sadly he was in the way.

"I'll tell you what we might do, and then babies wouldn't bother us
anymore," said Eddie, as he jumped to his feet suddenly. "We might turn
Injuns, like two I read of in a book Sam Basset lent me. We could be
reg'lar Injun chiefs, an' go out to Chickcommon woods to live."

At first Charley was delighted with the idea, and he danced around at
great risk of upsetting the baby entirely, but a sudden thought clouded
his joy.

"Injuns have wigwams, an' squaws, and ponies, an' we can't get any of

"Yes we can; we can catch Tom Downey's old blind horse an' play it was
a pony, an' you ain't smart if you don't know where to catch a squaw."

"Where?" asked Charley, breathlessly.

"Ain't there your sister Nellie? Can't we get a lot of grasshoppers an'
coax her out behind the meetin'-house to see them? An' then can't we
catch her an' tie her, an' drag her by the arms up to the woods, just
like any Injuns do?"

"Of course. An' we could get some bed-quilts for a camp."

"Yes, an' we'll name you Biting Tiger, an' I'll be Big Thunder, an'
Nellie can be Moon-face, just as it was in the book."

For some moments the boys sat in silent bliss. Then after a time a
serious doubt crept into Biting Tiger's heart, and he asked,

"But what will we do for things to eat?"

"Things to eat?" echoed Eddie. "Chiefs don't bother about such things;
they just send the squaws out to get it, 'cause that's what squaws are

"My! but won't mother be scared when she finds out that she got an Injun
to hold the baby?" said Charley, thinking with delight that in his
mother's fear he should be more than repaid for all the trouble the
little fellow had caused him. "But then she won't be so awfully
frightened, for he ain't got anything to scalp if you wanted to do it."

"We can wait till he grows, an' then scalp him 'most every day," said
Eddie, consolingly.

Then came the question of how they were to get away, for, valiant chiefs
as they were, they could hardly drop the baby on the floor and run.

"I'll tell you what we can do," said Eddie. "I'll go home an' get some
ropes to tie Nellie with, an' then I'll go for the grasshoppers. When
you hear me holler you send Nellie over, an' put the baby in the cradle,
and come over lickety-split, so's to hold the squaw's mouth if she sets
up a yell."

Big Thunder started for his mother's clothes-line and some grasshoppers,
while Biting Tiger sat holding the baby as quietly as if he had never
thought of being an Indian.

Surely there never were two chiefs on the eve of starting in the Indian
business so fortunate as these two were, for in a short time after Big
Thunder's departure Mrs. Harnden took the baby, and Nellie seated
herself on the door-step to play with her doll.

Charley told her of the captive grasshoppers she would see if she went
with him; and, clasping her doll firmly in her arms, she started for the
meeting-house near by, while Charley followed, ready to spring upon her
as soon as he should see his brother chief.

Eddie was prepared for the first act in his new life. He had armed
himself with a long carving-knife and fully ten yards of clothes-line,
so that he was ready for any desperate attempt at escape the squaw might

All unsuspecting the horrible fate that awaited her, Nellie approached
the fatal spot, when Big Thunder sprang out, winding the rope around her
body a dozen times.

"Why don't you cry, an' screech, an' kick?" asked Charley, thoroughly
disappointed because their captive had submitted so quietly.

"What for?" asked Nellie, in surprise.

"Why, 'cause we're Injuns an' you're a squaw we've caught, an' now we're
goin' to drag you off to the woods," replied Eddie, brandishing his

"I don't want to be a squaw;" and Nellie now showed signs of making as
much of an outcry as the boys could have wished for.

"But you must, and that's all there is about it," said Eddie, sternly;
and then he took hold of the ends of the rope, as he shouted to Charley,
"Hold your hands over her mouth, while I pull her along."

Charley hardly had time to reply before Big Thunder, with the
clothes-line drawn taut over his shoulder, started ahead with a force
that threatened to overthrow both captive and captor.

For five minutes there was a thrilling and exciting scene as the chief
dashed along, dragging behind him the squaw, who was only half gagged by
Biting Tiger.

At the expiration of that time Big Thunder tumbled over a log, striking
the ground with a force that caused his nose to bleed, while Nellie,
being so suddenly released, fell backward, carrying Biting Tiger with

Big Thunder began to cry, but realizing that Indians should not be so
particular about a little thump on the nose, urged his companion to
"come on," while he forced the captive ahead again.

By the time they reached the first growth of trees that marked the
border of the woods the newly made Indians were feeling very warm, and
decidedly uncomfortable as to what their mothers might be able to do in
the way of capturing them.

Poor Moon-face was crying as if her little heart was breaking, but it
was not noisy grief, and it made her captors look at each other very
guiltily, since it showed how much suffering they were causing.

The first halt was made when they reached what they supposed to be the
very heart of the forest, and Nellie was tied to a fence that had
evidently been placed there for the accommodation of Indians with
captives. She had recovered from her grief at being dragged from home,
and now played contentedly with her doll while the boys tried to make a
wigwam. But it was not long before they learned how difficult it was to
cut down trees with a carving knife, and by the time they had succeeded
in getting about a dozen small branches together they were decidedly

"We've got to look 'round and find something to eat," said Eddie, after
he had withstood the pangs of hunger as long as possible.

"I thought the squaw had to do that;" and Charley looked up in surprise
that they were obliged to do any work, after all the trouble of finding
and catching a squaw.

"So they do, after they get broke in, but I don't s'pose Nellie could do
much toward killing bears and deers until after she gets kind of used to

It was sad to think they had a squaw who was not accustomed to the
business, and with a sigh Charley released the captive, that all might
go in search of food.

It was a long, weary tramp which they had, and it seemed that it must be
nearly supper-time, when they suddenly heard a fearful noise among the
bushes, as if some enormous animal was coming directly toward them. Then
both the Indians turned pale with terror; for what could they do in the
way of fighting a bear, with only one carving-knife between them?

Only for a moment did they face the terrible danger, and then both Big
Thunder and Biting Tiger started for home as fast as their legs could
carry them, while their late captive ran behind, imploring not to be
left alone. It was a cowardly flight for two Indians with a captive to
make, but the ferocious animal appeared to be pursuing, and they could
do no less.

When they reached Charley's home, where Mrs. Harnden could be seen in
the sitting-room with the baby in her arms, Eddie's clothes were covered
with dirt and the blood that had fallen from his nose; Charley was quite
as dirty, although not as bloody as his brother chief, and Nellie's once
clean white dress was completely ruined.

The ferocious animal followed them up to the very door of the house, and
then it looked more like Benny Cushing's pet calf than it did like a

That night, after the two Indians had settled matters with their
respective mothers, both Big Thunder and Biting Tiger wisely concluded
that the Indian business was too painful ever to be indulged in again.

[Illustration: THE TWO PETS.]

BY W. H. KING, U. S. N.]



The Norsemen were once the most famous of all sailors, and in the olden
times they just laughed at the dangers of the sea. Not very long ago, by
great good luck, there was found on the coast of Norway a small vessel
which was hundreds and hundreds of years old, and by looking at the way
it was built by the shipwrights of that time we learn that they were
first-class mechanics, and knew all about clinker-built vessels.

Away off in the cold seas of the Arctic Ocean, about half way between
the coasts of Norway and Greenland, there is a small archipelago, the
best-known island of which is called Spitzbergen. Now the very name of
this dreary spot suggests a chill and a shiver, for people say, when the
fire in the house is out in winter, "It is as cold as Spitzbergen."

When the Norsemen first found this island nobody knows exactly; but it
is highly probable that when they went over to Iceland, some seven
hundred or eight hundred years ago, they came across it in their track.
What is very certain, however, is that Barentz, one of the bravest and
kindest of the old Dutch sailors and explorers, landed there in 1596;
and what is quite as interesting is the fact that Henry Hudson went to
Spitzbergen in 1607.

The island, though it abounds in the grandest scenery, is one of the
coldest places on earth during the winter. Great mountains extend along
the coast, divided by huge glaciers. Nobody has ever yet tried to travel
into the interior, but it is known that there is a plateau or plain
there some two thousand feet in height.

In summer you can get to the islands, because the Gulf Stream pours its
warm water along a part of the coast, but in winter no ship can approach
Spitzbergen; it is all iron-bound. Every year a few small vessels leave
the extreme northern ports of Norway, Hammerfest and Tromsö, and go to
Spitzbergen to catch whales, seals, and walrus.

Quite lately a United States steam-ship, the _Alliance_, went to
Spitzbergen, and the reason why she sailed for that cold place was
because she hoped she might find there some of the brave officers and
the gallant crew of the _Jeannette_, a steam-vessel that sailed on a
voyage of discovery in these arctic waters some time ago. The
_Jeannette_ had, however, gone into the polar seas by Behring Strait,
which is between the American continent and Asia.

Now there was some hope that if even the _Jeannette_ had been lost, a
great many of the men might be still alive, who, by working their way
slowly along the coast of Siberia and Russia, might have made their way
to Spitzbergen. This would not have been so remarkable, for a great
Northern explorer, Nordenskjöld, has done this within the last two
years, only he worked his way from east to west. But the officers of the
United States ship _Alliance_ did not find out anything about the
_Jeannette_ at Spitzbergen.

The engravings on the preceding page, taken by an officer on the vessel,
show how Spitzbergen looked a couple of months ago. All the vessels seen
here have come to fish or to kill seals and walrus.

Many readers might hardly credit it, but a great part of the rocks which
abound in Spitzbergen show evidences of volcanic origin, and what is now
the coldest place in the world in winter was once probably as hot as
Africa is to-day.

When the _Alliance_ went to Iceland, the people there, who are very
affectionate, honest, and simple-hearted, were very courteous and polite
to her officers. One of these gentlemen having seen a nice Icelandic
girl, had her photograph taken, which picture is engraved in this number
of YOUNG PEOPLE. The girl is in her summer dress, but in the winter when
she goes out she will just put on a coat of fur, in order to keep
comfortable, otherwise she would freeze to death.

Though the people are very poor, and have to work hard to keep
themselves from starving, the climate being so cold that hardly anything
will grow, yet they are very intelligent. Almost all the Icelanders know
how to read and write, and during the long sunless days and nights of
their dreary winter they love to pass away the time with books in their




It is five minutes before three on a bright November afternoon--the
place no matter where, for good foot-ball is played all over the
country, though some of the Eastern colleges claim that they alone play
the game with the skill and spirit it deserves. A brisk west wind is
blowing, with just a flavor of north about it to make good its claim to
be a "bracing" air, and before the afternoon is over, twenty-two good
men and true will want all the "bracing" the air can give them, for
foot-ball is a hard game.

In a large open space fenced off by stout ropes from the crowds of men
and boys--ay, and ladies and young girls too, all eager for the success
of brother, son, or friend--are twenty-two finely built, wiry young
fellows. Eleven of them are dressed in red jerseys and stockings and
white knee-breeches, and the other eleven wear blue where their
opponents wear red. The lads seem in excellent spirits, for they laugh
and joke one another, play leap-frog, and generally behave like boys
just let out of school, which, indeed, between you and me, they really


Here is a picture of the ground. At each end, some little distance from
the ropes, are a pair of poles (marked G G in the diagram) about eleven
feet high and eighteen and a half feet apart, and the two poles are
connected by a bar ten feet above the ground. The distance between one
goal and the other is not less than 330 feet.

In the diagram are two lines marked A A, A A, and two side lines marked
B B, B B. The former are the "goal lines," and the latter the "touch
lines." They are real and not imaginary lines on the field, for they are
cut in the turf, and then whitened with lime. The distance between the
"touch lines" is 160 feet.

"Goodness!" exclaims some one; "is that the ball?" And well may the
question be asked, for, except for its brown color, it looks as much
like a water-melon as anything else. But that is a "Rugby foot-ball,"
and the scientific game of foot-ball played in this country is the same
game that our old friend Tom Brown used to play, except that the rules
have been considerably altered of late years.

And now the two Captains are arranging their forces, for the red Captain
has won the choice of goals, and he has chosen to kick off toward the
east, so as to have the advantage of the wind on his back. After playing
forty-five minutes, the sides will change goals, and then the wind will
be against him; but the red Captain knows that the wind is likely to
fall away as the sun gets lower, so he takes the chances.

Standing in the centre of the ground, and in the middle of the line of
his own "forwards," or "rushers," the red Captain calls "Ready?" and
sends the ball with a well-directed kick toward blue's goal. No such
luck, however, as a "touch down" behind the goal line this time. Down
near the goal is a big fellow whose special duty it is to protect the
goal; he is called a "back"; a little in advance of him are two more
fellows, called "half-backs"; and in advance of them again is another,
called "three-quarter back." It was a blue half-back that caught the
ball the red Captain kicked off, and almost before it reached his hands
the red rushers were upon him like an avalanche. He has no time for
hesitation. Dropping the ball, he receives it on the instep of his foot,
and sends it high up in the air. The reds turn suddenly; but their
Captain has already secured the ball, and is making for blue's goal like
a steam-engine, the ball held close to his chest. A blue forward sees an
opportunity to distinguish himself, and charges the Captain; but it is
of no use. See! a blue is coming across the field a little ahead of the
red Captain. The latter swerves to one side; but the blue is prepared
for him, and with a spring like that of a lion, he throws both arms
round the Captain's neck. The other players are upon them, and the
Captain, as his men gather behind him, throws the ball backward--for he
must not throw it _forward_--and the reds and blues pounce down upon it,
and a loose "scrimmage" takes place over it.

Suddenly the excitement ceases. The ball has crossed the "touch line"
B B, and so is "out of play." It may be brought into play again either
by being placed on the line, and a scrimmage formed over it, or it may
be thrown out between the two parties, and then they fight for it.

But what is a "scrimmage"? Well, I have been waiting for a real good,
hard-and-fast scrimmage to take place, and here we have it. For the reds
have forced the ball down toward blues' goal line, but have been unable
to take it into the middle of the field; and so the ball is again
touched down, and this time near the corner where the goal line and
touch line meet.

The ball is placed upon the line, and a "scrimmage" formed over it. All
the forward players of each side surround the ball, the reds forming a
solid mass to push one way, and the blues to push the other way. The
half-backs hover round outside the scrimmage, and watch the ball so as
to be ready for it if it should get pushed through on their side. The
umpires are close at hand, and they, too, are peering into the forest of
red and blue stockings. The mass heaves and pants and groans, the poor
ball looks as if all the air must surely be squeezed out of it, and the
spectators are breathless with excitement.

"Hold on there!--man down!" cries a blue, and red faces and rough heads
are raised for a second or two, while the unlucky blue with difficulty
rises to his feet. No sooner, however, has he done so than the scrimmage
forms again, and the reds, being the heavier lot, gradually but surely
force their opponents down to their goal line, and get a "touch down in
goal." This is a great advantage for the reds, for now they have a fair
kick at their opponents' goal. Digging his heel into the spot where the
ball crossed the line, the red Captain carries the ball at right angles
to the goal line, and makes ready for his kick off. It is not a straight
kick, and so not an easy one; and if he misses, a blue is pretty certain
to make a "touch down for safety"; that is, touch the ball down on their
own goal line, and so earn a kick off. And this is just what happens.
The umpires have gone up to the goal posts to judge whether it is a goal
or not. But there is no doubt about it. The ball flies away to the right
hand of the further goal post, and a blue has touched it down "for

[Illustration: A "PUNT."]

[Illustration: A "DROP-KICK."]

The blue Captain makes a splendid kick. It is against the wind, but what
of that? It only gives the blues more time to follow it up, and this
they do bravely. The red back has received the ball, and tries to "punt"
it back over the heads of the advancing blues, but his effort is a
failure. The ball rebounds from a blue jersey and crosses reds' goal
line, where a blue, who has been carried forward by the rush, touches it

Now it is blue's turn to try for a goal, and the blue Captain has a
great reputation as a kicker of goals. Carefully placing the ball, with
a due allowance for the direction of the wind, he sends it just high
enough to be out of reach of the reds who face him, and a few inches
over the bar between the poles.

A great shout goes up from the blues, which is taken up by their
supporters outside of the ropes, for the blues have made the first and
only goal; and as it very often happens that in a well-contested game
neither side makes a goal, such a feat is sure to excite much

After a minute's pause the players return to the centre of the field,
but hardly have they taken their places when the referee calls "Time!"
This means that half of the time allowed for the game has elapsed, and
so the players change ends, in order that whatever advantage of wind and
sun one side has had may now be enjoyed by the other.

But we have no time to follow the game any further. The blues kick off,
and flushed with victory so far, they strive to hold the advantage they
have gained. The reds, on the other hand, have an up-hill game to play,
for a goal won is equal to four touch downs in goal, and so they have to
fight hard to regain the ground they have lost.

Did they do it? Ah, well, that is a secret. We can not stay to see the
end of the game, and as I am not certain which side the sympathies of my
readers are with, I shall not say. Some of them will, I hope, some day
be "reds" or "blues," and then they will enjoy in reality the rush and
excitement of the game, and taste the sweets of victory on many a
hard-fought field.


[Illustration: FIG. 1.--A PINCUSHION.--[See Fig. 2.]]

[Illustration: FIG. 2.--COVER OF PINCUSHION, FIG. 1.]

Some little girl may like to make a pincushion, perhaps for mamma, or to
leave slyly on sister's toilette table, where she will see it the first
thing Christmas morning. Look attentively at our picture, and then go to
the scrap-bag, and search for two pretty pieces. They need not be alike;
in our cushion the bottom is garnet velvet, and the top cream-colored
satin. Velvet, silk, and satin are nice materials to use, but any
strong, serviceable woollen fabric will do just as well. Cut them
square, and take two pieces of strong muslin of the same size for inside
lining. Lay them over one another, first a piece of lining, then the two
outside pieces, and lastly the second piece of lining. Then sew them
firmly together on three sides. Clip away the corners outside the seam.
Then turn the whole right side out, and stuff it. Sawdust is very good
for this purpose. Pack in very tightly just as much of it as you can
make it hold. Then turn in the edges of the fourth side, and overseam
them neatly and firmly. Put some pretty tassel fringe, in colors to
match, around the edge, and your cushion is finished. A handy little
girl will know how to make the fringe of remnants of bright-colored
wool. For those of our girls that know something of embroidery we give
in Fig. 2 a pretty pattern in which to work the top. The cream-colored
top of our cushion is decorated in this manner with olive and dark red
silk; the olive is used for the little sprays, the stems, and the
outside of the rose-buds, and the red for the heart of the bud. It looks
very pretty, and the work is really of the simplest kind. If you will
turn back to your last year's volume of YOUNG PEOPLE, and look at some
of the articles on embroidery for girls, by Miss Susan Hayes Ward, you
will find directions for embroidering which will help you very much in
decorating the top of your cushion.




  Oh, lively was the group of birds that met on Beaver Flat
  The night on which the hooting owl was wedded to the bat!
  It was a sight that summer night to see them gather there;
  Some came by water, some by land, and others through the air.

  The eagle quit the mountain-peak to mix with meaner fowl,
  And like a comrade act the part of groomsman to the owl;
  The friendly stork had hastened there with long and stately stride;
  It was its happy privilege to give away the bride.


  And when arrangements were complete, a circle wide they made,
  And in the centre stood the pair, in finest dress arrayed.
  Then out in front advanced the crow, and bowed his shining head,
  And with three loud approving caws declared the couple wed.


  Then kind congratulations poured from friends on every side,
  As thronging round the happy pair, they kissed the blushing bride.
  And soon the supper was prepared, for each had brought a share.
  The crow and jay had carried corn; the eagle brought a hare;


  The curlew brought a string of fish just taken from the lake;
  The crane, a brace of speckled frogs; the buzzard brought a snake;
  The owl and active hawk procured a dozen mice, at least;
  The snipe and rail brought water-flies to help along the feast.


  And when each bird upon the ground enjoyed a hearty meal,
  They whistled tunes, and sang their songs, or danced a lively reel.
  Around the green with stately mien the dodo and curlew
  Moved like a pair of lovers there through dances old and new,


  While wing to wing and toe to toe, with loud and joyous cries,
  The stork and raven danced as though competing for a prize.
  That night good feeling was restored between the hawk and jay,
  Who had not passed a friendly look or word for many a day;


  And birds that always went to roost before the shades of night
  Now hopped around upon the ground until the morning light.
  And people long will call to mind the scene on Beaver Flat
  The night on which the hooting owl was wedded to the bat.

[Illustration: HIS FIRST LETTER.]


We have very great pleasure in publishing a letter from the kind lady
who has charge of the ward in which our Young People's Cot will be
placed when sufficient money shall have been contributed to endow it. We
think that perhaps after reading this letter, with its touching
description of the ward, and suggestive account of the manner in which
the little sick children play at nursing their dolls, some of you who
have not yet done so may like to give a Christmas offering to aid this
good work. When we shall be so happy as to hear that the cot is really
ours, we will take a special interest in the little ones who may occupy

  _November_, 1881.

     MY DEAR YOUNG PEOPLE,--It has been suggested to me that you would
     like to hear something of the "Holy Innocents' Ward" from one who
     knows all about it. Now I certainly "know all about it," for I see
     it at almost every hour of the day, and very often at different
     hours of the night. But whether I can say what will be of interest
     to you is to me a very doubtful question. You have already been
     told who furnished the ward; but I wonder how many have really seen
     it, and know just what it is like? I am _sure_ that some of you
     have, but for the benefit of those who live far away, I will give a
     little description; and when We come to tell of your own cot, you
     will have perhaps a better understanding as to its place in the
     ward, etc., etc.

     The "Holy Innocents' Ward," then, is a long room, with two large
     windows at either end reaching almost from the ceiling to the
     floor. Outside of these windows are piazzas, where in warm weather
     the little ones can sit in their tiny rocking or arm chairs, and
     listen to the "moosic man" or shake hands with a favorite monkey
     who climbs up on the outside of the house, and to whom they always
     give a few pennies, and a drink from one of their own mugs.

     In cold weather the children--those who are able to be up, of
     course--can sit close to the windows inside, and see all that is
     taking place in the street. On either side of the ward are rows of
     blue cribs with brass knobs on the corners, and hanging over each
     crib is a little blue frame holding a card, on which is written the
     name of the child who sleeps in the cot. Between each crib is a
     small square table with a shelf underneath. The shelves of these
     tables are for toys, and the tops are used for a great many
     different purposes. Sometimes you would find on one of them a tiny
     red tray holding a cup of milk-punch, on another a glass of
     flowers, or at times a queer-looking deep tray, in which are kept
     lint, bandages, plaster, etc. In addition to the tables beside the
     beds, each crib has a little table that stands on it--something
     like a butler's tray, with four legs, only the little ledge is
     around three sides instead of four. These "bed-tables," as they are
     called, can be put close up to the children, and were intended to
     hold the toys, scrap-books, and the blocks out of which are built
     most marvellous houses, that come down with a terrible "bang"--the
     louder the better, (Occasionally a small child has been discovered
     sitting on one of these little tables; but that, of course, is "out
     of order," although it may be a good symptom of returning health.)

     There is still another table, that stands on the floor, and around
     which several children can sit and play together; sometimes--in
     fact, often-times--the favorite play is "Hospital"; and I have
     often seen _very_ sick dolls, who are treated in the most skillful
     manner. They are probed and bandaged, have their pulses and
     temperatures taken, are given "mick-punce" and "q'nine," have
     weights tied to their feet, and poultices on their chests. The ward
     also contains a small organ and a large music-box, and around the
     walls are several pretty pictures. Now can you see it all?--the
     long room; the blue cribs with brass knobs; the little ones in bed
     with bright red jackets on; those able to be up sitting in the tiny
     chairs, and wearing gray wrappers bound with red, and fastened with
     red buttons; the sun shining through the long windows on the little
     ones sitting near or at the "play table," and perhaps just lighting
     up "Young People's Cot"; the little organ, the music-box, and the
     pictures? I hope so; and when I write again, I will tell you just
     where your own cot is.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little girl from New York who came to this beautiful island
     a year ago in October with mamma for her health. The climate is
     lovely, and has benefited mamma very much, for which I feel repaid,
     and am willing to be away from other children for her sake. There
     are only two little children besides myself on the island, and
     sometimes weeks pass and I do not see a child's face. We live in
     the midst of a beautiful orange grove, and have one of the largest
     and handsomest-looking orange-trees in the State. Last year it bore
     4200 oranges; this year not as many. Others of our trees are
     bearing from 800 to 2000 each. We have fine bananas, figs in their
     season, guavas, plums, lemons, and other fruits of which we are
     very fond. The ivory-billed woodpecker steals our figs, and the
     pretty, naughty redbirds pick all the fruits and vegetables. Meat
     is scarce here sometimes, and my uncle has to shoot the quails or
     the pink curlews, with their beautiful spoon-bills, and the blue
     herons, with their lovely large human-looking eyes. We must
     sometimes have them to take the place of fresh meat, but not often,
     as uncle dislikes killing the beautiful birds, which never do any
     one any harm. The redbirds sing sweetly. The little phoebe-birds
     call "Phoebe" all day long. The mocking-birds are the first to
     sing in the morning, and the last at night. In the summer the
     quails say, "Bob White," "Bob White." The beautiful gray mourning
     doves come around a little later, and at night a bird that takes
     the place of the Northern whip-poor-will calls out, "Whip the
     widow," in the same strain as the whip-poor-will. I am very fond of
     my island home. There is a beautiful bay that our grove and house
     front on, called Terra Ceia Bay, about five miles long, and in some
     places nearly two miles wide. I have a small row-boat that I go out
     in with mamma, and sometimes I stand in the stern of the boat, with
     a long pole, and pole the boat in shallow water. The beautiful
     sunsets we see on the water sometimes make me wish other children
     could enjoy natural scenery and the wonders of the sky as I see
     them here. We have very fine fish called mullet that are caught
     with a cast net, besides other kinds, clams, and oysters.

     I have four cats, named Punch and Judy (because I thought those
     names different to others in general) and Beauty and Topsy, and a
     dog named Jip. One day Jip was barking furiously, and we went to
     see what was the matter, and for the first time he saw himself in
     the looking-glass. We had a hearty laugh.

     Another day he made a great deal of noise when a praying mantis,
     shaped similar to our large Southern grasshoppers, but with a waist
     similar to a wasp, instead of its being on all four legs, was
     standing up straight, with its fore-legs raised in an attitude of
     devotion, looking right at the dog. When we came, it turned around
     with its head, just like a Shaker woman, and looked first at one of
     us and then at the other, without moving its body.

     I was so interested in "Toby Tyler," and knowing that Mr. Otis must
     like children, and as you say he is now through our State
     travelling in his little steam-yacht, please give him an invitation
     to call on us and eat some of our fine oranges, as we will have
     them until April. Aunt and uncle and mamma join in the invitation.
     He--that is, Mr. Otis--can sail from Key West or Cedar Keys into
     the Gulf of Mexico, then into Tampa Bay, into the mouth of Manatee
     River, through the cut-off into our Terra Ceia Bay. Or he could
     keep in the Manatee River to Palma Sola, at the Warner Mill, and
     they could show him through the small cut-off into our bay. We are
     very hospitable, and have wanted to see him ever since he wrote
     "Toby Tyler," and about his pet bird.

     I was afraid Jimmy Brown was on a long vacation. So long as he has
     to be in so much trouble, please ask him to tell his tales of woe
     oftener, and relieve his mind.

     Sometimes I go over to Manatee after my paper with my uncle. We go
     in a sail-boat, and I enjoy sailing so much! I wanted to have a
     little vegetable garden of my own, so uncle let me have a patch,
     and I set out fifty tomato plants, just to see what a little girl
     could do; they are growing finely, and putting on blossoms now--not
     all, but part of them.

     Mamma teaches me, as there is no school near us short of six miles,
     and I would have to go in a sail-boat to attend school. I have most
     of my time taken up, as mamma teaches me to be industrious, and
     wishes me to try to grow up a smart girl, as it would have pleased
     papa so much, had God permitted him to live and know his little
     girl was trying to do right.

  P. O. Braidentown, Manatee Co., Fla.

       *       *       *       *       *

The verses which follow were sent by a little reader:


  I stand in a little box
    At a lowly cottage door;
  I grow and grow and grow and grow
    Till I can grow no more.
  My leaves are the brightest green,
    My flowers the purest white,
  Of any flowers you've ever seen,
    O Moon, so large and bright.
  O Moon up there so high,
    As you nightly roll along,
  Please don't forget me in my box
    As I sing my little song.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I wrote a letter once before, but it wasn't published. I know you
     can not publish all the letters that are sent you. I thought I
     would try again. My brother has two pet owls. He feeds them on raw
     meat. They are very pretty. At some times they look very small, and
     at other times they stick their feathers out and look like a ball
     of feathers. Their eyes are very large; they have two eyelids. The
     under one is so thin that they can see through it. The upper one is
     covered with little feathers. Besides raw meat, they eat mice. We
     catch them alive, and when we put one in the cage, one of the owls
     will jump on it, and catch it in his claws, and bite it in the back
     of its neck, and kill it. He then tears pieces off, and eats them.
     We have some bantams. The old bantam hen lays her eggs in the
     corner of the kitchen in a basket. Last spring she sat on six eggs
     in the basket in the kitchen, and hatched five chickens, but one of
     them died, so we have only four now.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I want to tell you about an adventure that happened in Florida last
     winter. A gentleman and a boy went up Dunn's Lake on a fishing
     expedition. When they got as far as Haw Creek they found that
     alligators were plenty there, having come out to sun themselves, as
     is their custom in the early spring. Mr. Lee succeeded in shooting
     a good-sized one, about twelve feet long, and after much trouble he
     was got into the boat; but as he took up so much room, one of the
     men had to sit upon the alligator, supposing him to be dead, of
     course. They rowed as fast as possible toward town, but had not
     gone far when his 'gatorship gave a mighty jump, throwing the man
     up into the air, and nearly overturning the boat. However, they
     reached the town in safety, and hauled him up on the dock, where he
     lay for some time on exhibition to an admiring crowd. My friend
     John, being of an inquiring turn of mind, leaned over the animal to
     take a close inspection of him, when he gave a flop with his tail
     which knocked John quite over.

     This is a true story, and I hope it will be printed.


       *       *       *       *       *

Sometimes letters reach Our Post-office Box in rather a roundabout way.
For instance, the other day we opened an envelope bearing the post-mark
Orange, Los Angeles County, California. We found in it a letter from a
gentleman living there, who sends HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE to a little
cousin in Dublin, and she and several of her school-mates had sent a
budget of letters to him for their favorite paper. We can make room for
only one, though all were pleasant little letters for a Post-office Box
to receive:


     I am in school. I have a sister who is married in America, and my
     brother-in-law sends me HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE. I have two little
     nephews, one just four years old, and the other two. I have a
     number of dolls, and a very playful little kitten only a few weeks
     old. His whole name is Prince Albert Victor, but we call him Prince
     for short. My home is in Ireland, and very near the sea, and I am
     eleven years old. I hope my letter will reach the Post-office Box.


Louisa may tell Molly W. K. and Lillie R. that we appreciate their
compliments, and are sure they must have a very delightful time at
school. We never before heard of a dog that was fond of sugar, though we
once saw a cat that ate pea-nuts.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little boy twelve years old, and was born with but one hand.
     I am writing with my left hand. I attend school, and am trying to
     be a good scholar. I have a nice large Newfoundland dog, and I
     think the world of him. We play together a great deal. My papa was
     a soldier in the army for three years, and now belongs to the Grand
     Army. I have a great many books which papa has bought for me. I
     have no brothers nor sisters, three brothers having died. I ride
     horseback often after school is over. I have a nice saddle and


       *       *       *       *       *


     You wanted us all to tell you about vacation, and I will do so now
     if it is not too late. I spent mine at Red Bank, N. J. The place
     where we boarded was terraced right down to the Shrewsbury River.
     There was a little dock, and a boat which we could use whenever we
     wanted it. One day we all went fishing, and mamma caught three ugly
     toad-fish. The jelly-fish look very graceful and pretty as they
     float through the water, but we used to bathe every day at high
     tide, and sometimes they stung us very badly. We went in after dark
     sometimes, and when we splashed the water it looked like fire. One
     day I fell off the dock; it did not hurt me, but my clothes and
     shoes were not worth bringing home. Another boy fell off one Sunday
     morning, just after his mother had dressed him in all his best
     clothes to meet some company who were coming from New York to spend
     the day. We used to ride every day. All of the roads are good, but
     one, to Seabright, is so level, and has such beautiful residences,
     hedges, miniature lakes, etc., it was almost like driving through a

     One evening two young men rowed some young ladies to their home,
     about three miles up the river. The young men started home about
     ten o'clock. As the night was very dark, they had a lantern. When
     they got about half way, one of them wanted to smoke, and as they
     had no matches, he opened the lantern to light his cigar. A puff of
     wind blew out the light. They could see nothing at all, but they
     rowed patiently on, until they felt sure they must be near home.
     Just then they heard some one shout, "Boat ahoy!" so they pulled
     in, very thankful to be at home. One of them said, "Is this _our_

     "Dunno," said the man: "this is _Smith's_ dock." Then he put his
     lantern close, so he could see them, and shouted, "Blessed if you
     ain't the fellers what left here two hours ago!"

     They had somehow got turned round and gone back. I think they paid
     the boatman something to keep quiet to the girls, but they had such
     a discouraged look next morning that I felt glad I was only a
     little boy.


       *       *       *       *       *

C. Y. P. R. U.

V. O. found dandelions lifting their cheery little faces to the autumn
sunshine in Central Park on November 20. Did any one else see the dear,
sturdy little flower so late? When its golden disks star the meadows in
spring, we always give it a welcome. It seems even brighter when it
blooms on the edge of frost and cold in the fall.

       *       *       *       *       *

CIBBY C.--Your little story is very nicely written, and if you persevere
you will very likely succeed in composing better stories when you shall
be older.

       *       *       *       *       *

The Postmistress thinks you will like to read the following extracts
from the diary of a boy who spent his summer abroad. The glimpses of
other lands which we obtain through the bright eyes of youthful
travellers are very charming to those who stay at home:


     _Paris, September_ 23, 1881.--We had a drive across the Seine River
     to the Hôtel des Invalides. We walked through the great court-yard,
     and went into the chapel, where the old soldiers have service. We
     met an old soldier coming out of it, and asked him if we could see
     Napoleon's tomb. (A great many battle-flags hung in the chapel.) He
     told mother where to go, and called her _ma fille_ when he talked
     to her. The tomb was made of beautiful red marble, and there were
     statues all around it.

     Then we drove to the old Cathedral of Notre Dame. I never supposed
     a cathedral could be so beautiful. We all went inside; it was dimly
     lighted, and there were little chapels all about on the two sides
     of the cathedral, and we saw the "rose-windows," and heard the
     bells ringing out the hour.

     We then went to the Palais de Justice, and into the Sainte
     Chapelle, and up the narrow, winding stair to the second story. We
     had a beautiful time.

     _September_ 25, 1881.--A French lady came to see mamma. She had
     taught mamma years ago, and so mamma arranged for her to give us
     French lessons each day, and we like it very much.

     We have been to the Louvre, and I saw two landscapes, painted by an
     artist whose name was Claude Lorraine; they looked very real, and
     were beautifully painted. They were in the Salon Carre; and in a
     room, out of it, I saw a picture of the three wise men of the East
     bringing the baby Jesus gold, frankincense, and myrrh; it was
     called the "Adoration of the Magi," and was so soft and
     old-looking! We staid a long time at the Louvre. The next day we
     saw the "Siege of Paris," a very real-looking and life-like
     panorama picture.

     After that mamma took us to see the paintings of artists who are
     now living. These paintings are in the Palais de Luxembourg. I
     liked best Rosa Bonheur's oxen ploughing in a field; a flock of
     sheep, by Jacque; an old tree, by Diaz; and a little old church, by
     Millet. We had a delightful time.

     _October_ 3, 1881.--We left Paris by rail to Boulogne, then crossed
     the Channel to Folkestone, and then to London, which we reached at
     midnight. Our trunks had to be got through the Custom-house. We had
     written for rooms, and were glad to get into comfortable beds and
     go to sleep. From London we made our way to Liverpool for our ship.

     We had a stormy voyage home, were out thirteen days, had to pay
     heavy duties on the few clothes we brought home, and now our summer
     trip is over.


       *       *       *       *       *

FRANK C. F.--The better way for you will be to take your gun to a
gunsmith, and not risk spoiling it by trying to mend it yourself. Black
walnut is preferred for the stock of a gun.

Your question about the word Titan involves a reference to the mythology
of the Greeks. The Titans were the fabled sons and daughters of Uranus
and Gæa. Rebelling against their father, they were hurled from their
dwelling-place in heaven, and after protracted struggles, were forced
into a cavity below Tartarus. The secondary meaning of the word is
gigantic, the Titans having been very strong and almost unconquerable.
In these old myths the forces of nature are represented under the
symbolism of poetry, and you will easily see that the Titans, being the
children of Uranus (heaven) and Gæa (earth), were endowed with wonderful
and magical gifts.

       *       *       *       *       *

We would call the attention of the C. Y. P. R. U. to the very
interesting historical article, by Mr. George Cary Eggleston, entitled
"A War for an Archbishop," describing the strange manner in which the
Christian religion was introduced into the great empire of Russia; the
article entitled "Spitzbergen," by Mr. Barnet Phillips, describing the
visit made to that island by the officers and crew of the United States
steam-ship _Alliance_ during their search for the missing _Jeannette_;
and the pleasant description of foot-ball by Sherwood Ryse, whose
articles on games have found so much favor with our boy readers.

       *       *       *       *       *

     Contributions received for Young People's Cot in Holy Innocents'
     Ward, St. Mary's Free Hospital for Children, No. 407 West
     Thirty-fourth Street, New York:

     Minnie Gretsch, Brooklyn, $1.25; collected by Anna and Levi Paxson
     from their friends Bausman, McHose, Ermentrout, Whitner, Boyer,
     Quier, Miltimore, Morgan, Beaver, Deeter, Boyer, Bansher, Good,
     Keiser, Schlechter, Henry, Medlar, Miller, Detweiler, Fricker,
     Mayer, and Raser, from Reading, Penn., $4.97: Nellie Driscol,
     Denver, Col., 20c.; Charlie Driscol, Denver, Col., 20c.; J. Seaton
     Cooke, Salem, 51c.; Wardie and Johnnie Van Riper, Passaic, $2;
     Satie W., North Barnstead, N. H., 25c.; Allen Gilbert, Detroit,
     Mich., $1; In Memoriam, Charlotte Albert, New York, $7; Rob, Joe,
     and Edward Lee Haines, Alvarado, Cal., $1; Carlie W. Munson, New
     York, $1; Edwin L. Wilson, Huntsville, Ala., 50c.; Fred, Samuel,
     and Willie Harnell, Fort Townsend, W. T., 72c.; Shirley Shaw,
     Hamden, N. Y., 25c.; May, John, and Mabel Keating, Muskegon, Mich.,
     50c.; May Appleton, Boonton, N. J., $1.50; Virginia N. Appleton,
     Boonton, N. J., $1.90. Total, $24.75. Previously acknowledged,
     $166.96. Total, November 14, $191.71.

  E. AUGUSTA FANSHAWE, _Treasurer_,
  43 New Street.

       *       *       *       *       *


     My little boy and girl, Nellie and Charlie Driscol, each send
     twenty cents for Young People's Cot that they have saved of their
     own money. They are both very much interested. Nellie calls it the
     "baby cot money." They hope to send more some time again.


       *       *       *       *       *


     We have been feeding the corn-sheller, and shelling the corn off
     the cobs for eight days. Papa paid Mr. Stevens, the man who turned
     the corn-sheller for us, and he paid us. As I worked the fastest,
     he gave me $2.70, and Rob and Joe each $2. I send fifty cents to
     the Young People's Cot. Rob and Joe are younger than I am, and can
     not write. They each send twenty-five cents. Papa will try and get
     a dollar bill, and if he can not, he must send it in postage


       *       *       *       *       *


     I send you fifty cents for Young People's Cot, which I earned
     myself by helping my mamma nurse my baby brother Sunday afternoons.
     I am eight years old. I hope all the little girls and boys will
     send you some money for the little sick children.


       *       *       *       *       *


     Inclosed please find twenty-five cents, which my little girl, aged
     nine years, has earned for the "Cot."


       *       *       *       *       *


     This is a dollar that I have earned myself by bringing shavings and
     wood. I am eleven years old. I inclose a one-dollar bill. Maybe I
     will send some more some time. I did mean to send it in last time,
     but I did not have it all.


       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.


1.--1. European wild ox. 2. The home of birds. 3. One of the United
States. 4. Sour. 5. To relieve. 6. Domestic animals. Primals--Joined.
Finals--Tells. Combined--A great republic.

2.--1. Armor. 2. A division of the Eastern continent. 3. Falling drops.
4. An inclosure. Primals--A girl's name. Finals--Ground. Combined--One
of the United States.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 2.


Across.--1. Belts. 2. A tree. 3. A snake. 4. To utter words hastily. 5.
Additional. Diagonals--From left to right, an animal; from right to
left, an animal.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 3.

  I am composed of 36 letters, and am an ancient proverb.
  My 2, 13, 33 is the front of an army.
  My 29, 34, 1, 24 is not shallow.
  My 31, 21, 30 is part of the body.
  My 29, 28, 26 is a domestic animal.
  My 19, 6, 8, 34 is a verb.
  My 12, 31, 4 the abbreviation of California.
  My 7, 16, 9, 18, 1 is a small animal.
  My 2, 11, 4, 4, 13, 26, 34 is a small town.
  My 3, 22, 20, 32 is a useful metal.
  My 5, 16, 31, 14 is an article of apparel.
  My 10, 11, 4, 1 is a river in Africa.
  My 16, 10, 15, 16, 17 is a vegetable.
  My 25, 3, 33 is a metal.
  My 18, 23, 7 is what is obtained by adding two numbers together.
  My 26, 27 is a verb in the imperative mood.
  My 35, 11, 8 is a border.
  My 36, 31, 24 the product of certain trees.


       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.

  L E X I C O N    S P O N G E R
    P E N N Y        P E A R L
      A D A            C R Y
        I                W
      R A T            W H Y
    M O N A D        W E A V E
  P A S S A G E    W A L L E Y E

No. 2.

Manse, loan, waste, rose, ghost, dog.

"Many hands make light work."

No. 3.

  B O S T O N
  O C E A N
  S E E N
  T A N
  O N

No. 4.

      C O B
    C Y N I C
  N O N P L U S
    B I L G E
      C U E

No. 5.

        C A T
      T I N E S
    C I N G L E S
  T A N G H I N I A
    T E L I O S T
      S E N S E
        S I T

       *       *       *       *       *

Correct answers to puzzles have been received from "Loraine," Isaac R.
Boggett, J. C. Tomes, Howard C. Nyack, Hugh Downing, E. S. Hequembourg,
"Queen Bess," "Phil I. Pene," Roy W. Osborne.

       *       *       *       *       *

[_For Exchanges, see third page of cover._]

NEW WIGGLE, No. 23.]

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