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Title: The Choice Humorous Works, Ludicrous Adventures, Bons Mots, Puns, and Hoaxes of Theodore Hook
Author: Hook, Theodore E.
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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[Illustration: Yours faithfully

Theodore E. Hook]



  Ludicrous Adventures, Bons Mots, Puns, and Hoaxes












  MEMOIR OF THEODORE HOOK                                  3


  I. Mrs. Ramsbottom's Party                              41

  II. Miss Lavinia Ramsbottom                             43

  III. Miss Lavinia's Letter from Paris, forwarding her
  Mother's Journal in England and France                  44

  IV. Higginbottom and Ramsbottom                         52

  V. Miss Lavinia Ramsbottom forwards the Continuation
  of her Mother's Diary                                   53

  VI. Adventures at Paris                                 60

  VII. Further Adventures at Paris                        62

  VIII. Mrs. Ramsbottom back in London                    66

  IX. Mrs. Ramsbottom at Rome                             69

  X. Mrs. Ramsbottom objects to be _Dramatised_           72

  XI. Mrs. Ramsbottom writes from Dieppe                  73

  XII. Hastings                                           75

  XIII. Mrs. Ramsbottom on the House of Commons           78

  XIV. Mrs. Ramsbottom on the Canning Administration      81

  XV. Mrs. Ramsbottom on Smoking                          84

  XVI. Mrs. Ramsbottom's Conundrums                       85

  XVII. A Letter from Cheltenham                          87

  XVIII. Hastings again                                   90

  XIX. News from Hastings                                 94

  XX. Mrs. Ramsbottom on the relative merits of Margate
  and Brighton                                            96

  XXI. Mrs. Ramsbottom contemplates the Collection of her
  Letters into a volume                                  102

  XXII. Mrs. Ramsbottom on Popery                        105

  XXIII. Mrs. Ramsbottom at the Royal Academy            108

  XXIV. Mrs. Ramsbottom at the "Chiswick Fête"           111

  XXV. A Letter from Walmer                              117

  XXVI. A Peck of Troubles                               118

  XXVII. Mrs. Ramsbottom on Public Events                120

  XXVIII. Mrs. Ramsbottom declares herself a Convert to
  "Reform"                                               123

  XXIX. Mrs. Ramsbottom on the House of Lords            128


  Carmen Æstuale                                         133

  Ass-ass-ination                                        135

  Michael's Dinner                                       138

  Mrs. Muggins's Visit to the Queen                      140

  Hunting the Hare                                       147

  The City Concert                                       152

  Invitations to Dinner                                  156

  Vacation Reminiscences                                 159

  Reminiscences Continued                                162

  Gaffer Grey                                            166

  The Idle Apprentice turned Informer                    170

  The Queen's Subscription                               174

  Opposition                                             178

  The Invitation                                         184

  The Beggars--A New Song                                188

  Bubbles of 1825                                        194

  The Grand Revolution                                   197

  Imitation of Bunbury's "Little Grey Man"               200

  Humpty-Dumpty                                          203

  Parody--"While Johnny Gale Jones"                      204

  Parody--"The young May Moon"                           205

  Disappointment                                         206



  Mr. Ward's Allegorical Picture of Waterloo             249

  Letter from a Goose                                    259

  The Hum-Fum Gamboogee Society                          262

  Moral Theatricals                                      269

  Private Correspondence of Public Men                   275

  The Cockney's Letter                                   280

  Byroniana                                              284

  Lord Wenables                                          288

  Lord Wenables Again                                    304

  Modern Improvements (Two Letters)                      309

  Punning, with Cautionary Verses to Youth of both Sexes 316

  Fashionable Parties                                    322

  A Day's Proceedings of a Reformed Parliament           325

  Clubs                                                  333

  Rachel Stubbs' Letter to Richard Turner                336

  Mr. Minus the Poet                                     338

  National Distress                                      339

  Hints for the Levee                                    347

  The Inconsistencies of Cant                            350

  Prince Puckler-Muskau's Tour                           355

  Prospectus for a General Burying Company               388

  Letter from John Trot to John Bull                     392

  The March of Intellect                                 395

  Sunday Bills                                           400

  The Spinster's Progress                                405

  Errors of the Press                                    409

  The Visit to Wrigglesworth                             413

  A Visit to the Old Bailey                              440

  The Toothpick-makers' Company                          453

  The Man-servant's Letter                               464

  The Bibliomaniac                                       468

  Absence of Mind                                        469

  A Distinguished Traveller                              470

  Daly's Practical Jokes                                 471

  The Ballet                                             492

  Toll-gates and their Keepers                           496

  Tom Sheridan's Adventure                               499

  Polly Higginbottom                                     503

  Song--"Mary once had Lovers two"                       504

  Philip and Donna Louisa                                505

  The Blacksmith                                         506

  "My Father did so before me"                           507

  "Throughout my Life the Girls I've pleased"            508

  The Chambermaid                                        509

  Song, "When I was a very little Fellow"                509

  Sir Tilbury Tott                                       511

  "Venice Preserved"                                     513

  Daylight Dinners                                       515

  Clubs!                                                 516

  Visitings                                              518

  The Quill Manufacturer                                 522

  Epigram on Twining's Tea                               522

  On the Latin Gerunds                                   522

  The Splendid Annual                                    523


  The Berners-street Hoax                                539

  Romeo Coates                                           541

  Hook, Mathews, and the Alderman                        542

  A Strange Dinner                                       544

  Ludicrous Adventure at Sunbury                         547

  Charles Mathews and Hook                               552

  Hook's "First Appearance"                              553

  Hook and Dowton the Actor                              554

  Letter from Mauritius                                  555

  Evading a Coach Fare                                   557

  Unsuccessful Hunt for a Dinner                         559

  Hook at Lord Melville's Trial                          560

  The Thirty-nine Articles                               562

  "Chaffing" a Proctor                                   562

  Summary Proceedings of Winter                          563

  "Something Wrong in the Chest"                         564

  Warren's Blacking                                      564

  The Wine-cellar and the Book-seller                    565

  Sir Robert Peel's Anecdote of Theodore Hook            565

  A Receipt against Night Air                            566

  Punting                                                566

  "List" Shoes                                           567

  "The Abattoir"                                         568

  Putney Bridge                                          568

  "Mr. Thompson is Tired"                                568

  The Original "Paul Pry"                                569

  Hook and Tom Hill                                      570

  Hook's Politeness                                      570

  A Biscuit and a Glass of Sherry                        571

  Much Alike                                             572

  Private Medical Practice                               572

  Hook's Street Fun                                      572

  A Misnomer                                             572

  "Contingencies"                                        573

  "The Widow's Mite"                                     573

  Hook's Extempore Verses                                573

  Hook Extemporises a Melodrama                          575

  "Ass-ass-ination"                                      578

  "Weather or No"                                        578

  Diamond Cut Diamond                                    579

  Tom Moore--Losing a Hat                                579

  "Good Night"                                           579

[Illustration: (end of section icon)]





The life of the distinguished humourist whose _opera minora_ we now
present to the world, was so chequered and diversified by remarkable
incidents and adventures, and passed so much in the broad eye of the
world and of society, as to be more than ordinarily interesting.
The biography of a man of letters in modern times seldom affords so
entertaining a narrative, or so instructive and pathetic a lesson,
exhibiting how useless and futile are the most brilliant powers and
talents, both original and transmitted, without a due admixture of
that moral principle and wisdom in daily life necessary to temper and
control them.

THEODORE EDWARD HOOK--one of the most brilliant wits, and one of the
most successful novelists of this century--was born in London, at
Charlotte Street, Bedford Square, on the 22nd of September, 1788, in
the same year as Lord Byron, whose contemporary he afterwards was at
Harrow. The first school that Theodore attended was an "academy,"
in the Vauxhall districts. The master, a Mr. Allen, had also other
pupils in his charge who afterwards rose to eminence. Here he
remained till his tenth year, when he was sent to a kind of seminary
for young gentlemen, a green-doored, brass-plated establishment,
in Soho Square. While at this school, he appears systematically to
have played truant, to have employed his time in wandering about
the streets, and to have invented ingenious excuses to explain his
absence to the authorities. On the day of the illumination for the
Peace of Amiens, he preferred to spend the morning at home, and
informed his parents that a whole holiday had been given on account
of the general rejoicings. Unfortunately, his elder brother, James,
happened to pass through the Square, and observing signs of business
going on as usual at the academy, he went in, made inquiries, and
found that the young scape-grace had not made his appearance there
for three weeks. Theodore, instead of witnessing the fireworks,
was duly punished, and locked up in the garret for the rest of the

Theodore was the second son of Mr. James Hook, the popular musical
composer, whose pleasing strains had delighted the preceding
generation, when Vauxhall Garden was a fashionable resort. His
mother (a Miss Madden) is described as a woman of singular beauty,
talents,[1] accomplishments, and worth. To the fact that he lost her
gentle guidance at the early age of fourteen, may be attributed many
of the misfortunes and irregularities of his after-life.

There was but one other child of Mr. James Hook's first marriage,
the late Dr. James Hook, Dean of Worcester; and he being Theodore's
senior by eighteen years, had left the paternal roof long before the
latter was sent to school.

The Dean, with a great deal of the wit and humour that made his
brother famous,[2] and with perhaps much the same original cast of
disposition and temper generally, had possessed one great advantage
over him at the start of life. His excellent mother watched over him
all through the years of youth and early manhood. Theodore could
only remember her, and fondly and tenderly he did so to the last,
as the gentle parent of a happy child. He had just approached the
first era of peril when this considerate and firm-minded woman was
lost to her family. The composer soon afterwards married again; but
Theodore found not, what, in spite of a thousand proverbs, many
men have found under such circumstances--a second mother. But for
that deprivation we can hardly doubt that he might, like his more
fortunate brother, have learned to regulate his passions and control
his spirits, and risen to fill with grace some high position in an
honourable profession. The calamitous loss of his mother is shadowed
very distinctly in one of his novels, and the unlucky hero (Gilbert
Gurney) is represented as having a single prosperous brother,
exactly eighteen years older than himself. But, indeed, that novel
is very largely autobiographical: when his diary alludes to it as in
progress, the usual phrase is, "Working at my Life."

Born in the same year with Lord Byron and Sir Robert Peel, he was
their schoolfellow at Harrow, but not in the same memorable form,
though he often alluded to the coincidence of dates with an obvious
mixture of pride and regret--perhaps we ought to say, remorse.

We have met with no account of him whatever by any one who knew him
familiarly at that period. That he was as careless and inattentive to
the proper studies of the place, as he represents his Gurney to have
been, will not be thought improbable by most of his readers. But his
early performances, now forgotten, display many otiose quotations
from the classics, and even from the modern Latin poets; and these
specimens of juvenile pedantry must be allowed to indicate a vein
of ambition which could hardly have failed, with a mind of such
alacrity, to produce some not inconsiderable measure of attainment.

His entrance at Harrow was signalized by the perpetration of a
practical joke, which might have been attended with serious
consequences. On the night of his arrival, he was instigated by
young Byron, whose contemporary he was, to throw a stone at a window
where an elderly lady, Mrs. Drury, was undressing. Hook instantly
complied; but, though the window was broken, the lady happily escaped
unhurt. Whatever degree of boyish intimacy he might at this time
have contracted with his lordship, it was not sufficient to preserve
him from an ill-natured and uncalled-for sneer in the "English Bards
and Scotch Reviewers," an aggression amply repaid by the severe
strictures which appeared in the _John Bull_ on certain of the noble
bard's effusions, and on the "Satanic school of poetry" in general.
The acquaintance, such as it was, was broken off by Hook's premature
withdrawal from Harrow, and does not appear to have been resumed.

In 1802, his excellent mother died, and with her perished the only
hope of restraining the youthful Theodore within those bounds most
essential to be preserved at his age, and of maintaining him in that
course of study, which, if persevered in for a few years more, might
have enabled him to reach a position not less honourable than that
enjoyed by his more prosperous brother. Mrs. Hook appears, indeed,
to have been one of those best of wives and women, who, by the
unobtrusive and almost unconscious exercise of a superior judgment,
effect much towards preserving the position and respectability of a
family constantly imperilled by the indiscretion of its head--one
who, like a sweet air wedded to indifferent words, serves to disguise
and compensate for the inferiority of her helpmate.

Theodore's father, a clever but weak man, was easily persuaded not
to send him back to Harrow. He was proud already of his boy, found
his company at home a great solace at first, and even before the
house received its new mistress, had begun to discover that one of
his precocious talents might be turned to some account financially.
Theodore had an exquisite ear, and was already, living from the
cradle in a musical atmosphere, an expert player on the pianoforte;
his voice was rich, sweet, and powerful; he could sing a pathetic
song well, a comic one charmingly. One evening he enchanted his
father especially by his singing, to his own accompaniment, two new
ballads, one grave and one gay. Whence the airs--whence the words?
It turned out that verse and music were alike his own: in the music
the composer perceived much that might be remedied, but the verses
were to him faultless--meaning probably not much, but nothing more
soft than the liquid flow of the vocables, nothing more easy than
the balance of the lines. Here was a mine for the veteran artist;
hitherto he had been forced to import his words; now the whole
manufacture might go on at home. Snug, comfortable, amiable domestic
arrangement! The boy was delighted with the prospect--and at sixteen
his fate was fixed.

In the course of the following six years Theodore Hook produced at
least a dozen vaudevilles, comic operas, and dramatic pieces for the
stage, which all enjoyed a considerable run of popularity in their
time, but are now entirely, and perhaps deservedly, forgotten. His
_coup-d'essai_ in this line appeared in 1805, under the title of "The
Soldier's Return; or, What can Beauty do? a comic opera in two acts,
as performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane."

It would be as absurd to criticise such a piece as last year's
pantomime--like that, it answered its purpose and its author's, and
no more is to be said. At the same time, amidst all its mad, impudent
nonsense, there are here and there jokes which, if unborrowed,
deserved the applause of the pit. A traveller coming up to an
inn-door, says, "Pray, friend, are you the master of this house?"
"Yes, sir," answers Boniface, "my wife has been dead these three
weeks." We might quote one or two more apparently genuine Theodores.
The dialogue, such as it is, dances along, and the songs read
themselves into singing.

His _modus operandi_ in producing this earliest piece, was
ingenious. He bought three or four French vaudevilles, filched an
incident from each, and thus made up his drama.

The production of this little piece brought the young author into
contact with Mathews and Liston. These distinguished comedians were
both considerably his seniors. Both had their own peculiar style,
and yet both seemed at their best when treading the boards together.
With the view of providing an opportunity for their joint appearance,
Theodore Hook planned his second afterpiece, "Catch Him who Can"
(1806), in which abundant opportunity was contrived for exhibiting
the grave irresistible drollery of Liston in contrast with the
equally matchless vivacity and versatility of the prince of mimics
and ventriloquists. In the course of the farce Mathews figured in, we
think, seven different disguises. Such acting would have insured the
triumph of even a worse thing than the "Soldier's Return,"--but this
was better than that in every respect. One of Liston's songs was long
in vogue, perhaps still survives--

      "I sing the loves, the smiling loves,
        Of Clutterbuck and Higginbottom."

There are three other readable songs, "Mary," "Donna Louisa
Isabella," and the "Blacksmith," and not a few meritorious points in
the dialogue. It is impossible, however, as we have already hinted,
to be sure of the originality of anything either in the plot or the
dialogue of these early pieces. Hook pilfers with as much audacity as
any of his valets, and uses the plunder occasionally with a wonderful
want of thought. Liston's sweetheart, for instance, a tricky
chambermaid, knocks him down with Pope's famous saying, "Every man
has just as much vanity as he wants understanding."

"The Invisible Girl" next followed (1806). The idea appears to have
been taken from a newspaper account of a new French vaudeville;[3]
but it was worked out by the adapter with very great cleverness.

The fun is, that with a crowd of _dramatis personæ_, a rapid
succession of situations, and even considerable complication of
intrigue, no character ever gets out more than _yes_, _no_, a
_but_, a _hem_, or a _still_--except the indefatigable hero Captain
Allclack--for whose part it is difficult to believe that any English
powers but Jack Bannister's in his heyday could ever have been
adequate. This affair had a great run; and no wonder. If anybody
could play the Captain now, it would fill the house for a season.
Under a somewhat altered form, and with the title of "Patter _versus_
Clatter," it has indeed been reproduced by Mr. Charles Mathews, with
great success.

In the following year (1807) a drama, by Hook, in three acts,
entitled "The Fortress," and also taken from the French, was produced
at the Haymarket. As a fair specimen of the easy jingle with which
these pieces abounded, we select a song sung by Mathews, in the
character of Vincent, a gardener, much in vogue in its day:--

      "When I was a chicken I went to school,
      My master would call me an obstinate fool,
      For I ruled the roast, and I roasted all rule,
        And he wondered however he bore me;
      I fired his wig, and I laughed at the smoke,
      And always replied, if he rowed at the joke,
        Why--my father did so before me!

      I met a young girl, and I prayed to the miss,
      I fell on my knee, and I asked for a kiss,
      She twice said no, but she once said yes,
        And in marriage declared she'd restore me.
      We loved and we quarrell'd, like April our strife,
      I guzzled my stoup, and I buried my wife,
      But the thing that consoled me at this time of life
        Was--my father did so before me!

      Then, now I'm resolved all sorrows to blink,
      Since winkin's the tippy, I'll tip them the wink,
      I'll never get drunk when I cannot get drink,
        Nor ever let misery bore me.
      I sneer at the Fates, and I laugh at their spite,
      I sit down contented to sit up all night,
      And when the time comes, from the world take my flight,
        For--my father did so before me!"

"Tekeli, or the Siege of Mongratz," produced about the same time, is
now chiefly remembered as having occasioned some caustic lines in the
"English Bards and Scotch Reviewers:"--

      "Gods! o'er those boards shall Folly rear her head
      Where Garrick trod, and Kemble lives to tread?
      On those shall Farce display Buffoonery's mask,
      And Hook conceal his heroes in a cask?"

"The Siege of St. Quentin," a drama of a similar description, quickly
followed. The plot was founded on the famous battle of that name
fought in 1557, when the French, endeavouring to raise the siege,
were signally defeated. The object of the piece, which was to excite
enthusiasm in favour of the Spanish nation, together with the
magnificence of the _mise en scène_, won for it considerable success.
It sleeps now with sundry others, such as "The Trial by Jury" (1811),
"Darkness Visible" (1811), "Safe and Sound" (1809), "Music Mad"
(1808). They all ran their course, and have perished--

      "Unwept, unhonour'd, and unknown."

The last-named, however ("Music Mad"), perhaps deserves a word
of notice, if only on account of its transcendent absurdity. The
principal character, stolen bodily from _Il Fanatico per la Musica_
(which had been considered the masterpiece of the celebrated Naldi),
and rendered infinitely more ridiculous by being metamorphosed into
a native of our most unmusical isle, is, as the title indicates, an
amateur, and so passionately devoted to his favourite science as to
insist upon his servant's wearing a waistcoat scored all over with
crotchets and semiquavers.

In 1809, the destruction by fire of the two patent houses having
compelled the rival companies to coalesce and repair to the Lyceum,
principally for the purpose of providing employment for the humbler
members of the profession, Theodore Hook contributed the well-known
after-piece of "Killing no Murder." Apart from the intrinsic merit
of the piece itself, the admirable acting of Liston as Apollo
Belvi, and of Mathews as Buskin, for whom it was especially written
(though, by the way, it is but justice to add, on the authority of
Mrs. Mathews, that the latter character was but "a sketch, which Mr.
Mathews filled up _ad libitum_"),--there were circumstances attending
its representation which invested it with peculiar interest, and
enlisted all the sympathies of the audience in favour of the author.
It appears that on the MS. being submitted to the deputy-licenser,
Mr. Larpent, certain passages reflecting on the Methodist preachers
induced that gentleman, in the first instance, to place a veto on the
performance. A compromise, however, was effected, the objectionable
scene remodelled, and the play allowed to proceed. Whether it would
have been wiser, upon the whole, to have suffered it to go forth
with its imperfections on its head, and to have trusted to the good
taste of the public to demand the suppression of any incidental
improprieties, may be a question, the more so, as the licenser's
authority, extending only to the acted drama, could offer no
hindrance to its publication. Some half-dozen editions, containing
the passages omitted in the performance, were struck off and
circulated like wildfire, together with a preface, from which, as the
author has thus an opportunity of stating his own case, it may be as
well to present our readers with a few extracts:--

"I should have suffered my gratitude to the public to have been felt,
not told, had not some very singular circumstances compelled me to
explain part of my conduct, which, if I remained silent, might be
liable to misconstruction. On the evening previous to the performance
of 'Killing no Murder,' I was much surprised to hear that it could
not be produced, because Mr. Larpent, the reader of plays (as he is
termed), had refused to grant his license for it. The cause of the
refusal was, I heard, political. I revolted at the idea; and, as a
young man entering life, felt naturally anxious to clear my character
from the imputation of disloyalty. Then I heard it rumoured that the
ground of the refusal was its immorality. Here again I was wounded;
for though I confess I have no pretension to sanctity, yet I hope I
shall never prostitute my time in the production of that for which
even wit itself is no excuse.

"Thus situated, I set off in search of the gentleman who had
strangled my literary infant in its birth; and to find him I referred
to the 'Red-book,' where I discovered that John Larpent, Esq., was
_clerk_ at the Privy Seal Office, that John Larpent, Esq., was
_deputy_ to John Larpent, Esq., and that the _deputy's secretary_ was
John Larpent, Esq. This proved to me that a man could be in three
places at once; but on inquiry, I found he was even in a fourth and
a fifth, for it was by virtue of none of these offices he licensed
plays, and his place, _i.e._, his villa, was at Putney. Thither I
proceeded in a post-chaise, in chase of this ubiquitarian deputy,
and there I found him. After a seasonable delay to beget an awful
attention on my part, he appeared, and told me with a chilling look,
that the second act of my farce was a most 'indecent and shameful
attack on a very religious and harmless set of people' (he meant
the Methodists), 'and that my farce altogether was an infamous
persecution of the sectaries.' Out came the murder. The character of
a Methodist preacher, written for Liston's incomparable talents, with
the hope of turning into ridicule the ignorance and impudence of the
self-elected pastors, who infest every part of the kingdom, met with
the reprehension of the licenser.

       *       *       *       *       *

"It was in vain I adduced Mother Cole in the 'Minor,' Mawworm in the
'Hypocrite,' Barebones in the 'London Hermit,' and half-a-dozen other
parts. The great licenser shook his head 'as if there was something
in it,' and told me that Lord Dartmouth had the piece; if he did
not object, it might yet be played; but if his lordship concurred
with him, not a line should be performed. I took my leave, fully
convinced how proper a person Mr. Larpent was to receive, in addition
to his other salaries, four hundred pounds per annum, besides
perquisites, for reading plays, the pure and simple performance of
which, by his creed, is the acme of sin and unrighteousness. His even
looking at them is contamination--but four hundred a-year--a sop for
Cerberus--what will it not make a man do?

       *       *       *       *       *

"Now, in defence of the part of 'Apollo Belvi,' as originally
written, I consider it necessary to speak. It is a notorious fact
that the Methodists are not contented with following their own
fashions in religion, but they endeavor hourly to overturn the
Established Church by all means, open and covert; and I know, as a
positive fact, that it is considered the first duty of Methodist
parents to irritate their children against the regular clergy, before
the poor wretches are able to think or consider for themselves. Nay,
they are so ingenious in their efforts for this purpose, that they
inculcate the aversion by nick-naming whatever object the children
hate most after some characteristic of the Episcopal religion; and
I have known a whole swarm of sucking Methodists frightened to bed
by being told that the _bishop_ was coming--the impression resulting
from this alarm grows into an antipathy, and from having been, as
children, accustomed to consider a bishop as a bugbear, it became
no part of their study to discover why--the very mention of lawn
sleeves throws them into agonies ever after. Seeing, then, with what
zeal these sectaries attack us, and with what ardour they endeavour
to widen the breach between us by persecution and falsehood, I did
conceive that the lash of ridicule might be well applied to their
backs, particularly as I prefer this open mode of attack to the
assassin-like stab of the dagger, to which the cowardly Methodist
would, for our destruction, have no objection to resort.

"But my ridicule went to one point only. Mr. L. Hunt, in his
admirable Essays on Methodism, justly observes, that a strong
feature in the Methodists' character is a love of preaching. If it
be possible that these self-elected guardians and ministers have an
ascendency over the minds of their flocks, and have the power to
guide and direct them, it becomes surely the duty of every thinking
being to consider their qualifications for such a task.

"The wilful misleadings of the clever Methodists, from the small
proportion of talent that exists among them, are more harmless in
their tendency than the blasphemous doctrines of ignorance. The more
illiterate the preacher, the more infatuated the flock; and there
is less danger in the specious insinuation of a refined mind than
the open and violent expressions of inspired tailors and illuminated
cobblers. It was to ridicule such monstrous incongruities, that,
without any claim to originality, I sketched the part of 'Belvi,'
in the following farce. I conceived, by blending the most flippant
and ridiculous of all callings, except a man-milliner's (I mean
a dancing-master's), with the grave and important character of a
preacher, I should, without touching indelicately on the subject,
have raised a laugh against the absurd union of spiritual and secular
avocations, which so decidedly marks the character of the Methodist.
Of the hypocrisy introduced into the character, I am only sorry
that the lightness of the farce prevented my displaying a greater
depth of deception. All I can say is, that, whatever was written
in 'Killing no Murder,' against the Methodists, was written from a
conviction of their fallacy, their deception, their meanness, and
their profaneness."

Another farce, "Exchange no Robbery," produced at a somewhat later
period, under the pseudonym of "Richard Jones," deserves honourable
mention. Terry, another intimate associate from that time forth, had
in Cranberry a character excellently adapted to his saturnine aspect
and dry humour; and Liston was not less happily provided for in

Almost all these pieces were written before Hook was twenty years of
age. Had he gone on in this successful dramatic career, and devoted
to such productions the experience of manhood and that marvellous
improvisatore power which was to make him the _facile princeps_ of
the satirists and humourists of his time, there can be no doubt he
must have rivalled any farce-writer that ever wrote in any language.

It was in his twentieth year that Theodore Hook made his first
appearance as a novelist, under the pseudonym of Alfred Allendale.[4]
Lockhart characterizes the work as "a mere farce, though in a
narrative shape and as flimsy as any he had given to the stage.
As if the set object," he says, "had been to satirize the Minerva
Press School, everything, every individual turn in the fortunes of
his 'Musgrave' is brought about purely and entirely by accident."
The sentimental hero elopes with his mistress. A hundred miles down
the North road they stop for a quarter of an hour--order dinner,
and stroll into the garden. Behold, the dreaded rival happens to be
lodging here--he is lounging in the garden at this moment. The whole
plan is baulked. Some time afterwards they elope again--and reach
Gretna Green in safety.

  "Cruel mothers, chattering friends, and flattering rivals all were
  distanced--the game was run down, he was in at the death, and the
  brush was his own. False delicacy at Gretna is exploded; a woman
  when she goes into Lanchester's is known to want millinery (people
  say something more), when she lounges at Gray's she is understood
  to stand in need of trinkets, when she stops at Gattie's she wants
  complexion, and when she goes to Gretna she wants a husband.

  "That being the case, _not_ to talk of marriage is as absurdly
  _outré_ as not to call for supper, and therefore Musgrave with a
  sly look at his blushing bride, ordered a couple of roasted fowls
  and a parson to be ready immediately; the waiter, perfect in his
  part, stepped over to the chandler's shop, hired the divine, and at
  half-past ten the hymeneal rites were to be solemnized."--Vol. i., p.

The fowls are put to the fire--the blacksmith appears--the ceremony
has just reached the essential point, when a chaise dashes up to the
door--out spring the heroine's mother and the rival again. Farther
on, the hero comes late at night to an inn, and is put into a
double-bedded room, in which the rival happens to be deposited, fast
asleep. The rival gets up in the morning before the hero awakes, cuts
his thumb in shaving, walks out, sees a creditor, jumps on the top
of a passing stage-coach, and vanishes. The hero is supposed to have
murdered him--the towel is bloody--he must have contrived to bury the
body; he is tried, convicted, condemned;--he escapes--an accident
brings a constable to the cottage where he is sheltered--he is
recaptured--pinioned--mounts the drop; he is in the act of speaking
his last speech, when up dashes another post-chaise containing the
rival, who had happened to see the trial just the morning before in
an old newspaper. And so on through three volumes.

It abounds, as a matter of course, in play upon words: for example,
a rejected suitor's taking to drinking, is accounted for on the
plea that "it is natural an unsuccessful lover should be given to
whine,"--a pun, by the way, better conveyed in the name "Negus,"
which he is said to have bestowed upon a favourite, but offending,
dog. There are also introduced a couple of tolerably well-sketched
portraits, _Mr. Minns_, the poet (T. Moore), and _Sir Joseph
Jonquil_ (Banks). An epigram, referring to the celebrated duel of
the former with Jeffrey, in consequence of an article in No. 16 of
the _Edinburgh Review_, is worth repeating,--the more so, as its
paternity has been subject of dispute, the majority attributing it to
one of the authors of "Rejected Addresses!"--

      "When Anacreon would fight, as the poets have said,
        A reverse he displayed in his vapour,
      For while all his poems were loaded with lead,
        His pistols were loaded with paper;
      For excuses Anacreon old custom may thank,
        Such a _salvo_ he should not abuse,
      For the cartridge, by rule, is always made blank,
        Which is fired away at _Reviews_."

But the oddest part of the whole is that Hook himself, sixteen
years afterwards, thought it worth while to re-cast precisely the
same absurd fable, even using a great deal of the language, in his
"Sayings and Doings." (Series first, vol. iii. _Merton_.) Of course
the general execution of that tale is vastly superior to the original
edition; but some of, all things considered, its most remarkable
passages are transcribed almost _literatim_.

Mr. Allendale's novel excited little or no attention, and remained
unacknowledged. It is worthless, except that in the early filling
up occasionally we have glimpses of the author's early habits and
associations, such as he was in no danger of recalling from oblivion
in the days of "Sayings and Doings." When the hero fell in love, for
example, "Bond-street lounges became a bore to him--he sickened at
the notion of a jollification under the Piazza--the charms of the
pretty pastry-cooks at Spring Gardens had lost their piquancy." A
Viscountess's fête at Wimbledon has all the appearance of having
been sketched after a _lark_ at Vauxhall with a bevy of singing
women. In the re-cast, it is right to say, he omitted various gross
indecencies, some rude personalities, and a very irreverent motto.[5]

Of such an ephemeral character were the earlier writings of a man
whose later works have charmed and delighted thousands wherever the
English language is spoken. But his brilliancy in the social circle
and the fame of his marvellous hoaxes had already spread far and
wide, when an unexpected event occurred which changed the whole tenor
of his life, and removed him from English society and from English
literature for nearly seven years.

Up to 1812, Theodore Hook had been almost, if not entirely, dependent
upon his pen for pecuniary supplies; his father was in no condition
to assist him; and at the rate of two or three farces a year, which
seems to have been about the average of his productions, an income
could scarcely have been realized by any means commensurate with the
expenses of a fashionable young gentleman "upon town;" debts began to
accumulate, and he had already resorted to the pernicious expedient
of raising money upon his "promise to write," (a draught upon the
brain, honoured, on at least one occasion, by Mr. Harris, the manager
of Covent Garden,) when he was presented with an appointment which
promised to place him in easy circumstances for the remainder of his
life--that of Accountant-General and Treasurer at the Mauritius,
worth about £2,000 per annum. It was not, however, till October,
1813, that after a long but agreeable voyage he entered upon his
duties at the Mauritius.

It so happened that the island, which had been captured from the
French in 1811, had been since that time under the control of
Mr. (afterwards Sir R. J.) Farquhar, who, as Governor, united in
his own person all the executive and legislative powers. Nothing
could have been more favourable to the young official than this
circumstance, Mr. Farquhar being not only esteemed throughout the
colony, on account of his judgment, moderation, and affability, but
being also connected with Dr. James Hook, by the latter's marriage
with his sister. The reception which met Theodore on his arrival
was as encouraging as could have been wished, and his own convivial
qualities and agreeable manners soon made him as popular among the
_élite_ of Port Louis as he had been in the fashionable and literary
circles of London. In a letter addressed to his old friend, Mathews,
about a couple of years after his establishment in what he terms
"this paradise, and not without angels," he gives a most spirited
and joyous account of his general mode of life, and of the social
resources of the island:--

"We have," says he, "operas in the winter, which sets in about
July; and the races, too, begin in July. We have an excellent
beef-steak club, and the best Freemasons' lodge in the world. We have
subscription concerts and balls, and the parties in private houses
here are seldom less than from two to three hundred. At the last ball
given at the Government House, upwards of seven hundred and fifty
ladies were present, which, considering that the greater proportion
of the female population are not admissible, proves the number of
inhabitants, and the extent of the society."

It may be supposed, that if he was delighted with the Mauritius,
its society was enchanted with him. He was but twenty-five when he
arrived; and the sudden advancement of his position and enlargement
of his resources, must have had rather an exciting than a sobering
influence on such a temperament as his at that buoyant age. He was of
course the life and soul of the hospitalities of the place and all
its amusements and diversions--the phœnix of his _Thule_. He became,
among other things, a leading man on the _turf_, and repeatedly
mentions himself as having been extremely successful in the pecuniary
results of that dangerous pursuit. His own hospitality was most
liberal; many an Indian veteran yet delights to recall the cordial
welcome he found at _La Reduite_ during a brief sojourn at the
Mauritius; and not a few such persons were unconsciously sitting for
their pictures in crayon then, and in pen and ink afterwards, while
they displayed their Oriental airs before the juvenile Treasurer,
their profuse Amphitryon. His journal would make it easy enough to
identify not a few of the _Quihis_ in his "Sayings and Doings," and
other novels of later life--but perhaps their spectres still haunt
the long walk at Cheltenham--_requiescant_!

Towards the end of 1817, General Farquhar found it necessary, from
the state of his health, to repair for a time to England, and
Major-General Gage John Hall was sworn in as deputy-governor during
his absence. On this occasion the Governor appointed a commission
consisting of five of the principal men in the colony, to examine
the accounts and contents of the Treasury, in order that the finance
department might be handed over to his successor in a condition of
ascertained correctness. The commissioners signed a report that they
had examined the whole accordingly, and that books and chest were all
in the proper state. Their report was dated November 19th, and Sir R.
Farquhar sailed.

On the 15th of January, 1818, Lieutenant-Governor Hall received a
letter from William Allan, a clerk in the Treasury-office, announcing
to him, that, notwithstanding the above report, a grave error
existed, and had been passed over in the Treasurer's accounts. No
credit had been given for a sum of 37,000 dollars, which sum he,
Allan, knew to have been paid in at the Treasury some fifteen months

General Hall instantly communicated this information to Mr. Hook,
and appointed another commission to re-examine the condition of the
public chest and accounts. The commission began their work on the
11th of February: Allan was examined _vivâ-voce_ before them on that
and on several successive days. He addressed, while his examination
was in progress, letters upon letters to the deputy-governor and
also to the commissioners, in which he reiterated his assertions
that a large deficiency existed, that its existence had been known
to himself during many succeeding quarters, and that he had so
long concealed it from reluctance to bring himself into collision
with his superior, the Treasurer. His letters, from the first very
strangely written, became wilder at every step; and on the morning
of the 27th, before the commissioners met, he shot himself. His last
letter alleged that he had been tampered with by Hook, who offered
to pay him thenceforth an allowance of twenty-five dollars per month
if he would instantly make his escape from the Mauritius, and never
re-appear there; but the person whom he named as having brought
Hook's message instantly contradicted the statement _in toto_ on oath
before the commissioners. There were many other witnesses; and the
result was the detection of not a few irregularities, omissions, and
discrepancies in the books of the Treasury.

The inquiry proceeded till the 9th of March; at eleven that night
Hook was arrested at a friend's house, where he was supping, and
dragged, by torchlight, through crowded streets to the common
prison. The town having shortly before been the scene of a terrible
conflagration, the prison had been almost entirely destroyed. There
was only one cell in which the Treasurer could be placed, and that
was in so wretched a condition that at three in the morning he was
admitted to bail, escorted to the house of his bail-man, and left
there under his surveillance by the police. After a few days he was
handed over to the care of a millitary detachment, and embarked with
them for England as a culprit, to be tried for _crimes_. Before he
sailed, his property in the island was disposed of, and the whole
amount placed to the public credit in the Treasury. Even the minutest
articles belonging to him were seized. After he was on board ship, a
negro slave came alongside to beg his acceptance of his writing-desk,
which the poor fellow had bought at the auction for ten shillings.

He had a protracted and most unhappy voyage of nine months. For one
whole month they were tossed in a hurricane off the Cape of Good
Hope, and for six weeks reduced to the allowance of half a pound of
mouldy buiscuit and half a pint of water by the day. While refitting
at the Cape, however, Hook, who had by that time conciliated the
regard of his keepers by his unshaken fortitude and good-humoured
submission, was made their companion on shore, on _parole_; and how
completely he could, under such calamitous circumstances, exert his
faculties of observation, we may judge from the most picturesque
sketches of the Cape, the capital, and its inhabitants, which occur
in one of his subsequent stories--_Maxwell_. The ship also stopped
for a day or two at St. Helena; and by the kindness of the officers,
Hook accompanied them when they went to Longwood to be presented to

The ship reached Portsmouth in January, 1819, and the warrant of
arrest and other documents were transmitted to London, and referred
to the law officers. The Attorney-General reported, that however
irregular Mr. Hook's official conduct might have been, and however
justly he might be prosecuted for a civil debt, there was no apparent
ground for a criminal procedure. He was therefore liberated; and
reaching London with _two gold mohurs_ in his pocket, was immediately
subjected to the scrutiny of the Audit Board--a scrutiny which did
not terminate until after the lapse of nearly five years.

During this long suspense, eternal commissions and cross-examinations
before the auditors of public accounts, and a very voluminous
series of correspondence with them and others on the subject of the
defalcation, had not occupied the whole of Hook's attention. If
they had, he must have starved; for though his successor was not
appointed till late in the inquiry, he never received a farthing in
his official capacity, from the time of his original arrest.

By the end of 1819, Hook had established himself in a very humble
cottage at Somers Town, where his household consisted of a single
maid-servant; and formed connections with newspapers or magazines,
which supplied the small necessities of the passing day. He seems
at first to have felt his position far too painfully to think of
reclaiming any but a few of his older and, comparatively speaking,
humble allies--such as Mathews, Terry, and good little Hill; the
last of whom had encountered sad reverses during his absence, and
was now, perhaps, except himself, the poorest of the set. On their
kindness he might rely implicitly--as well as upon the cordial
friendship and sound professional advice of Messrs. Powell and

It was shortly after his location at Somers Town that Hook renewed
his acquaintance with Mr. Wilson Croker, in whose society no small
portion of his time was spent, both at the Admiralty and at the
latter's villa at Molesey. He was also occasionally a visitor at
General Phipps's (a relation of his mother's), in Harley-street,
where he met and speedily became intimate with the late Speaker,
Lord Canterbury. They were afterwards seen a great deal together,
and the pair strolling arm-in-arm down St. James's-street, forms the
subject of one--not the most happy--of the HB sketches.[6] With these
exceptions, for a long period his position as a public defaulter,
together with the _res angustæ domi_, confined him to the narrow and
comparatively inexpensive circle of his old literary and theatrical

During the summer of 1820, Theodore Hook opened his campaign against
the Queen by a thin octavo, which at the time made considerable
noise. It was entitled "Tentamen; or an Essay towards the History
of Whittington and his Cat," by Dr. Vicesimus Blenkinsop. The
Whittington, of course, was no other than Alderman Wood, and Caroline
was the cat. "Throughout the whole _libellus_," says Lockhart, "there
was a prodigious rattle of puns and conundrums--but the strong points
of the case against Whittington and Co. were skilfully brought out,
nevertheless. Hook being as yet quite _in obscuro_, nobody suspected
him. It was pretty generally ascribed to the manufacturers of the
'New Whig Guide.'"

"Tentamen" was followed by several similar pamphlets, chiefly in
verse, all directed against Alderman Wood and the other supporters
of the Queen, and all published in the same year (1820) by Wright,
of Fleet-street. They are also to be distinguished by a caricature
likeness of the celebrated Alderman, the same portrait appearing on
the title-page both of "Tentamen" and the others. One of these we
recollect is entitled _Solomon Logwood_.[7]

In the spring of this year (1820), Hook, with the assistance of
his old friend, Daniel Terry, started a small periodical. It was
published, and we believe suggested, by Mr. Miller, who had recently
engaged extensive premises in--what was then expected to prove a
great mart for the lighter description of literature--a sort of
occidental "Row,"--the Burlington Arcade. Hence the name of the
first-born, "The Arcadian," but which, to say the truth, had little
of the pastoral in its composition, if we except a certain long
ballad of melodious rhythm and provoking pungency, addressed to Lady
Holland, and commencing,--

      "Listen, lady, to my measures,
        While they softly, gently flow,
      While I sing the harmless pleasures
        Of the classic, silver Po," etc.

The war-cry of "The Arcadian" was of course "King and Constitution,"
for its editor was Conservative, or rather Tory (the former euphuism
was not then in vogue) to the heart's core. Much, too, of that
personality was introduced in its pages, which rendered its more
fortunate successor, the _John Bull_, so formidable. The same
contemptuous tone, in treating of theatricals, is observable both in
the _John Bull_ and its tiny predecessor. "The Arcadian" contains
a most exquisite critique, a perfect masterpiece of irony, upon the
"first appearance" of a certain young lady, and some caustic remarks
on the stage and its attractions, curious as coming from a popular
dramatist, writing in the thirty-second year of his age.

Full of fun and spirit as the little magazine was, it nevertheless
came to an untimely end: only two numbers ever made their appearance.
Such was the difficulty which the publisher experienced in making
up the second, owing to Hook's listlessness, or more probably
preoccupation, that he declined venturing on a third.

This was the prelude of _John Bull_. The most important event with
which the name of Theodore Hook stands connected, is unquestionably
the establishment of the _John Bull_ newspaper, at the close of 1820.
The universal, instantaneous, and appreciable effect produced on the
great political movements of the day by its appearance, is perhaps
unparalleled in the history of periodical literature.

The Queen's affair had gone on all the summer and autumn; the madness
of popular exacerbation gaining new intenseness with every week
that passed. None who remember the feelings and aspects of the time
will think it possible to exaggerate either in description: but we
shall make no such attempt. The explosion scattered brilliant terror
far and wide. No first appearance of any periodical work of any
class whatever has, in our time at least, produced such a startling
sensation--it told at once from the convulsed centre to every
extremity of the kingdom. There was talent of every sort, apparently,
that could have been desired or devised for such a purpose. It seemed
as if a legion of sarcastic devils had brooded in synod over the
elements of withering derision. But, as far as Hook's MSS. allowed
his biographers to judge, he was really and truly alone; and, at all
events, they exonerate most completely certain other persons who were
at first saddled with a large share of the merit and the obloquy of
the _Bull_. Of the famous songs during the winter of 1820-21, only
one, he used to say, was an extraneous contribution.

The paper set out with one specific object: the extinction of the
Brandenburgh House party; and, to accomplish this, Hook's varied
talents--his wit and humour, his sarcasm and bitterness, his keenness
of argument, fiery zeal, and unscrupulous daring--were all brought to
bear with concentrated energy upon the ranks of the Opposition. Any
man reckless of legal consequences, or beyond their reach, familiar
with the current scandal of the day, and having so powerful an
engine as a public paper at his disposal, may inflict a vast amount
of injury upon his adversaries; but to these conditions, in the
present case, may be added powers, if not of the very highest order,
doubtless the best adapted to the purpose, sources of information
peculiar and inexplicable, a singleness of purpose, and firm
conviction of its justice, that combined to render _Bull_ the most
formidable antagonist that had as yet entered the lists against the

Many of _Bull's_ songs, in construction, and even in execution, were
very little different from those which Hook used to improvise in the
course of a festive evening. It has been said by one who knew him,
that a person who never witnessed that marvellous performance could
not take a better notion of what it was than from such a piece as the
"Visit of Mrs. Muggins," in thirty-one stanzas.

Here also Hook commenced and continued from time to time, for ten
years, that famous series of Ramsbottom Papers, which were the
precursors of all the Mrs. Malaprops, Mrs. Partingtons, and Mrs.
Browns of a later generation, and which, like nearly all originals,
greatly surpassed in genuine humour and excellence the cleverest
imitations that have since appeared.

By his flagellations of the Whigs, meantime, Hook had shut against
himself the gates of forbearance at Whitehall. He might have thought
himself well off, if he had not tempted harshness into play against
him. He thought he had: he always persisted that the auditor's final
report on him was an unjust deliverance; and he maintained equally
the opinion that the measures of the Government consequent on that
report were unusually severe. The award was at last given in the
autumn of 1823, and it pronounced him a debtor to the Crown of over

On his arrest under the Exchequer writ (August, 1823), he was
taken to the dwelling and spunging-house of the sheriff's officer,
his captor, by name Mr. Hemp, and still hoping that a protracted
imprisonment was not seriously intended, he chose to remain there
week after week, and month after month, until Easter. The expense
of board and lodging at a house of that class is always heavy; his
accommodations were mean, and the situation about the worst in
London--Shire Lane, so named as separating part of the City from
Middlesex--a vile, squalid place, noisy and noxious, apparently
almost inaccessible either to air or light, swarming with a
population of thief-catchers, gin-sellers, and worse. But his spirit
was not yet to be broken. He endured the unwholesome confinement with
patience--no sooner was hope knocked down in one quarter than it
sprung up again in another--he kept himself steadily at work in the
mornings, and his few intimates commonly gathered round him in the

In April, 1824, Hook at last took his leave of Shire Lane. He
had, as usual, made himself a great favourite with Hemp and his
family, and such a guest could not be allowed to depart without a
farewell banquet. The company exhibited in harmonious contrast Mr.
Hook's theatrical and literary confidants of the time, and sundry
distinguished ornaments of his hospitable landlord's own order. The
sederunt did not close without a specimen of the improvisatore; and
his ballad "showed up" Mr. Hemp and his brethren, as intrusted with
the final offices of the law in the case of the grand culprit before


      "Let him hang with a curse,--this atrocious, pernicious
      Scoundrel that emptied the till at Mauritius!"[8]

The close confinement in the bad air of Shire Lane had affected his
health, and indeed his personal appearance was permanently damaged
in consequence of the total disuse of exercise for so many months,
and the worry of mind which even he must have been enduring. He came
out pale and flabby in the face, and with a figure fast tending to
corpulence. He was transferred to the Rules of the King's Bench,
within which he hired a small separate lodging, in an airy enough
situation--Temple Place.

In 1824 Theodore Hook published the first series of that collection
of tales which, under the title of "Sayings and Doings,"[9] placed
him at once in the highest rank of the novelists of his generation;
above all his contemporaries, with the one exception, of course,
of the Author of "Waverley." The first idea and plan of the work
was struck out during the sitting of a sort of _John Bull_ conclave
held at Fulham, and had origin in the suggestion of a friend, who,
delighted with the anecdotes of Colonial life which Hook was pouring
forth, conceived that they might be turned to better account than
the mere entertainment of a dinner-party, and hit upon a title, at
which Hook caught with eagerness. So convinced was the latter that
his first tale, "The Man of Sorrow," had not been fairly appreciated,
that he actually embodied in his new essay the rejected attempt
of Mr. Alfred Allendale, condensed, indeed, and purged from its
impurities, but not materially altered from the original. Much better
in every respect is the story of "Danvers, the _Parvenu_."

The more prominent characters in Hook's novels are, in spite of his
disclaimer, unquestionably portraits. To many of the Anglo-Indian
sketches, the journal kept during the author's sojourn at the
Mauritius would doubtless supply a key.

Hook, indeed, always denied the possession of inventive faculties.
There was doubtless truth as well as modesty in his assertion: "Give
me a story to tell, and I can tell it, but I cannot create."

The popularity of the first series of "Sayings and Doings" (three
vols.) may be estimated from his diary, which records the profit to
the author as £2,000. There were, we believe, three considerable
impressions before the Second Series, also in three vols., was ready
in the spring of 1825. And shortly after that publication he was at
length released from custody--with an intimation, however, that the
Crown abandoned nothing of its claim for the Mauritius debt.

The first series of "Sayings and Doings" were soon followed
(1825-1829) by a second and third, which are generally considered in
every way superior to the former ones. The author was of this opinion
himself, and the public as certainly ratified his verdict.

In the meantime Theodore Hook, released from his temporary
confinement, had taken a cottage at Putney, of which neighbourhood
he had always been fond, and may be said to have re-entered society,
though his circle of acquaintance continued limited for a couple of
years more.

While at Putney, in 1826, he from motives of pure kindness re-wrote,
that is to say, composed from rough illiterate materials, the very
entertaining "Reminiscences" of an old theatrical and musical friend
of his--Michael Kelly. The book was received with astonishment, for
he generously kept his own secret.

In 1827 he took a higher flight, and became the tenant of a house
in Cleveland Row--on the edge of what, in one of his novels, he
describes as "the real London--the space between Pall Mall on the
south, and Piccadilly on the north, St. James's-street on the west,
and the Opera House to the east." The residence was handsome, and
indeed appeared extravagantly too large for his purpose. He was
admitted a member of several clubs; became the first attraction of
their house-dinners; and in those where play was allowed, might
usually be seen in the course of his protracted evening. Soon he
began to receive invitations to great houses in the country, and
from week after week, often travelled from one to another, to all
outward appearance, in the style of an idler of high condition. He
had soon entangled himself with habits and connections which implied
considerable curtailment of his labour at the desk, and entailed a
course of expenditure more than sufficient to swallow all the profits
of what remained.

His next novel, "Maxwell," published in 1830, is, in point of plot,
by far the most perfect of his productions; the interest which is at
once excited, never for an instant flags, and the mystery, so far
from being of the flimsy transparent texture, common to romances, is
such as to baffle the most practised and quick-witted discoverer of
_dénoûments_, and to defy all attempts at elucidation.

New debts began to accumulate on him so rapidly, that about 1831,
he found it necessary to get rid of the house at St. James's, and
to remove to one of more modest dimensions close to Fulham Bridge,
with a small garden looking towards the river. Here in the locality
which had long been a favourite one with him, he remained till his
death; but though he took advantage of the change to drop the custom
of giving regular dinners, and probably to strike off some other
sources of expense, he not only continued his habits of visiting, but
extended them as new temptations offered.

Probably few of his admirers ever knew exactly where Hook lived. His
letters and cards were left for him at one or other of his clubs, but
it is doubtful if the interior of his Fulham cottage was ever seen by
half a dozen people besides his old intimate friends and familiars.
To the upper world he was visible only as the jocund convivialist
of the club--the brilliant wit of the lordly banquet, the lion of
the crowded assembly, the star of a Christmas or Easter party in a
rural palace, the unfailing stage-manager, prompter, author, and
occasionally excellent comic actor of private theatricals.

But, notwithstanding the round of gaiety and pleasure in which the
greater number of his evenings were spent, the time so employed
cannot be said to have been altogether wasted; for, to a writer who
has to draw from life, whose books are men and women, and to whom
the gossip and _on dits_ of the day are the rough material of his
manufacture, a constant mixing in society of every accessible rank
is absolutely necessary--to one of his taste and discrimination,
the higher the grade the better. Whithersoever he went he carried
with him not only an unfailing fund of entertainment, but also
unslumbering powers of observation, that served to redeem what
otherwise would have appeared mere weakness and self-indulgence.
And that he was not slow to avail himself of the advantages that
fell to his share, no one will deny, who casts a glance over the
list of productions he gave to the world, during a period when
the intellectual exertion of his convivial hours alone would have
exhausted the energies, physical and mental, of well-nigh any other

In 1832 he published the "Life of Sir David Baird," a standard
biographical work, and one spoken of in the highest terms by the
best reviews of the day. So satisfied were the family with the
manner in which he executed his task, that they presented him with a
magnificent gold snuff-box set with brilliants, the gift of the Pasha
of Egypt to the subject of the memoir. Hook seems to have tossed the
trinket aside as an unconsidered trifle into a drawer, from which
it was happily rescued on the accidental discovery of its value and

In 1833 he sent forth no fewer than six volumes, full of originality
and wit; a novel called the "Parson's Daughter," and a couple of
stories under the title of "Love and Pride." In one of the latter,
the supposed resemblance of Liston to a certain noble lord is happily
turned to account; the being mistaken for _Mr. Buggins_, principal
low comedian of the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, forming a light and
pointed climax to the _congeries_ of ridiculous miseries heaped on
the unfortunate Marquis.

In 1836, Theodore Hook undertook the editorship of the _New Monthly
Magazine_, at a salary of four hundred pounds a year, irrespective
of the sums to be paid for original contributions. Here he commenced
his "Gilbert Gurney," accommodating himself to the exceedingly
uncomfortable practice, now all but universal among popular and
prolific novelists, of delivering his tale by monthly instalments. To
this plan, though obliged to succumb to it, he always took exception,
as not only wearisome to the reader, but fatal to fair development of

Of all his works, "Gilbert Gurney" is by far the most mirth-provoking
and remarkable. His own adventures form the groundwork of the
comedy; himself and his friends figure as the _dramatis personæ_,
and throughout the whole there appear an unrestrained expression of
private feelings, and a frequency of personal allusion, that give it
the semblance and almost the interest of true history.

In his next novel, "Jack Brag," Hook again hit upon a character with
which he could go to work _con amore_. Vulgar, vain, and impudent,
a cross between a tallow-chandler, and what, in the cant phrase of
the day, is termed a sporting _gent_, a hanger-on upon the loose
branches of the aristocracy, and occasionally thrown into society
more respectable, Mr. Brag's _gaucheries_ convulse the reader; while
those who scorn not to read a warning, even on the page of a novel,
may be led to devote more than a passing thought to the folly (to say
the least of it) of indulging in the very silly and very common habit
of perpetual though petty misrepresentation, as regards their means
and position in life, and the nature and degree of their acquaintance
with individuals of a rank higher than their own. There is no lower
depth of drawing-room degradation than is involved in the exposure of
one of these pretenders; unrecognised, perhaps, by his "most intimate
friend" Lord A----, cut by his "old crony" Sir John B----, or never
"heard of" by his "college chum," the Bishop of C----.

"Jack Brag" was followed, in 1839, by "Births, Marriages, and
Deaths," which, notwithstanding its infelicitous title,--as far as
fitness goes, it might as well have been called "Law Notices," or
"Fashionable Intelligence," or by any other newspaper "heading,"--was
a novel of a higher class than any he had before attempted: the
humour is scantier and more subdued than heretofore, and though
the magnificent _Colonel Magnus_, and his rascally attorney
_Brassey_, here and there afford admirable sport, the latter, with
his economical wardrobe, to wit:--"one tooth-brush twisted up in a
piece of whitey-brown paper; a razor by itself tied with a piece of
red tape to a round pewter shaving-box (enclosing a bit of soap),
with the tip of its handle peeping from the bottom of a leathern
case, like the feet of a long-legged Lilliputian sticking out of his
coffin; a remarkably dirty flannel under-waistcoat, edged with light
blue silk and silver; one pair of black silk socks, brown in the
bottoms," &c.--yet the general effect is heavy,--heavier, that is,
than the public were inclined to accept from the pen of Theodore Hook.

This, in point of fact, may be considered his last finished work.
"Precepts and Practice" appeared in 1840,--the name an obvious
plagiarism, and from himself, being merely a collection of short
papers and tales, published during the preceding year or two, in the
_New Monthly_, of which he was the editor. As for "Fathers and Sons,"
portions of which appeared in the same magazine, and "Peregrine
Bunce," we believe neither of them to have been completed by his own
hand; of the latter, about one hundred pages of the last of the three
volumes were certainly supplied by another writer.

The production of thirty-eight volumes, within sixteen years, Hook
being all the while editor, and almost sole writer, of a newspaper,
affords sufficient proof that he never sank into idleness; but in
other respects there had been great changes within that period. Two
unhappy errors into which he had fallen marred the happiness of the
remainder of his life. Before his arrest in 1823, he had formed a
_liaison_, which, though perhaps excusable in his position at Somers
Town, was persisted in afterwards under less adverse circumstances,
until the righteous consequences of guilt could not be averted. This
connection soon became such as, in his position, and with the kind
and manly feelings which adhered to him, made it impossible for him
to marry in his proper condition; and though he often thought of
atoning to his partner, and in some sort to the children she had
borne him, by making her his wife, he never took courage to satisfy
his conscience by carrying that purpose into effect. The second
error regarded his debt to the Crown, which, though during the
last twenty years of life he was in receipt of an affluent income
from his writings, he made no real or adequate effort to repay by
instalments. Hook never denied that he was in justice responsible
for a deficit of £9,000; and those who had the sole authority to
judge of the matter, pronounced the rightful claim to be £12,000.
When he was released from the King's Bench, he was told distinctly
that the debt must hang over him until every farthing was paid. We
know that he had, in his great and various talents, left from that
hour at his free command, means of earning far more than enough for
his own decent maintenance, and that of his unfortunate family; and
most clearly every shilling that he could make beyond that ought
to have been, from time to time, paid into the Exchequer towards
the liquidation of his debt. In neglecting this, he threw away the
only chance before him of effectually vindicating his character,
together with all reasonable chance of ever again profiting by the
open patronage of either the Crown or its Ministers. In every page
of his works we trace the disastrous influence of both these grand
original errors, perpetually crossing and blackening the picture of
superficial gaiety--indications, not to be mistaken, of a conscience
ill at ease; of painful recollections and dark anticipations rising
irrepressibly, and not to be stifled; of good, gentle, and generous
feelings converted by the stings of remorse into elements of torture.

His pecuniary embarrassments became deeper and darker every year.
Even in the midst of his abundant dissipation he worked hard in the
mornings--certainly he covered with his MS. more paper than would
have proved, in almost any other man's case, the energetic exertion
of every hour in every day that passed over his head; and little did
his fine friends understand or reflect at what an expense of tear and
wear he was devoting his evenings to their amusement.

About a month before his decease he wrote to Mr. Barham, whom he
requested to run down to Fulham and see him, as he was too ill
to leave home himself; and of the interview which ensued we are
enabled to give a somewhat full account, committed to paper shortly
afterwards, and evidently with the view of fixing the impression, yet
fresh, in the writer's mind:--

"It was on the 29th of July, 1841, that I last saw poor Hook. I
had received a note from him requesting me to come down and see
him, as he wished much to talk over some matters of importance, and
could not, from the state of his health, drive into town. I went
accordingly, and after a long conversation, which related principally
to * * * and to his novel, 'Peregrine Bunce,' then going through the
press, but which he never lived to complete, a roast fowl was put
on the table for luncheon. He helped me and took a piece himself,
but laid down his knife and fork after the first mouthful, which,
indeed, he made an unsuccessful attempt to swallow. On my observing
his unusual want of appetite--for his luncheon was in general his
dinner--he said: 'It is of no use, old fellow; the fact is I have not
tasted a morsel of solid food these five days!' 'Then what on earth
have you lived upon?' to which he replied, 'Effervescing draughts;'
adding afterwards, that he was allowed to take occasionally a
tumbler of rum and milk, or a pint of Guinness's bottled porter.

[Illustration: At the age of 51 from a Portrait by Count D'Orsay]

"On hearing this, I strongly pressed on him the necessity of having
further advice, which he at length promised he would do, if he were
not better in a day or two. I told him that my wife and myself were
going down to the Isle of Thanet, and pressed him very much to throw
work overboard for a while, and accompany us and be nursed. He said,
however, 'he was completely tied to his desk till he had concluded
what he was then writing for Colburn and Bentley; but that he should
get quite clear of his trammels in about a month, and then, if we
were still there, he would make an effort to pay us a visit.'"

In truth, he was soon past writing; death was advancing upon him
with rapid strides, while earthly prospects were growing, daily,
darker and more threatening. It is painful to reflect that his last
hours, ere the struggling mind had sunk into insensibility, were
disturbed by the apprehension of inability to meet a couple of bills
of comparatively trifling amount, on the point, as he believed, of
becoming due. On Friday, the 13th of August, he took finally to his
bed, the stream hurried on with increasing velocity as it approached
the fall--a brief agitated interval, happily not neglected, was left
for the first, last work of erring man, and on the evening of the
24th he expired.

The disorder under which he had been labouring for years, arose from
a diseased state of the liver and stomach, brought on partly by
mental anxiety, but principally, it is to be feared, by that habit
of over-indulgence at table, the curse of Colonial life, which he
had early acquired, and to which he held with fatal perseverance
to the end. It needed no ordinary powers to enable him to sustain
the contest so long; but his frame was robust and his constitution
vigorous; and he seems to have possessed in a remarkable degree
that power of maintaining the supremacy of mind over matter, which
rendered him indifferent to, or unconscious of, the first slow
approaches of decay. He was buried with extreme privacy at Fulham;
a simple stone bearing his name and age marks the spot, which is
immediately opposite the chancel window, and within a few paces of
his former home.

[Illustration:(end of section icon)]




  [The Letters of Mrs. Ramsbottom, complete and unabridged, are
  here published in a collected form for the _first_ time. They
  originally appeared in the pages of the _John Bull_ newspaper,
  where their publication extended over a period of ten years.
  A complete set of the _John Bull_ is now very rare, and, in
  proof of this, we may state that when a London publisher
  recently issued a cheap edition of the "Ramsbottom Letters,"
  _thirteen_ were all that he could give, whereas the whole of _the
  twenty-nine_ are here given, and genuine--just as they left the
  pen of the witty author.]




  April, 1822.

On Thursday last, Mrs. Ramsbottom, of Pudding-lane, opened her
house to a numerous party of her friends. The drawing-room over
the compting-house, and the small closet upon the stairs, were
illuminated in a most tasteful manner, and Mr. Ramsbottom's own room
was appropriated to card-tables, where all-fours and cribbage were
the order of the night. Several pounds were won and lost.

The shop was handsomely fitted up for quadrilles, which began as soon
as it was dark; the rooms being lighted with an abundance of patent
lamps, and decorated with artificial flowers. The first quadrille was
danced by--

  MR. BOTIBOL                       MISS E. A. RAMSBOTTOM
  MR. GREEN                         MISS ROSALIE RAMSBOTTOM
  MR. O'REILLY                      MISS FRANCES HOGSFLESH

At half-past ten the supper-room was thrown open, and presented to
the admiring eyes of the company a most elegant and substantial hot
repast. The mackerel and fennel-sauce were particularly noticed, as
were the boiled legs of lamb and spinach; and we cannot sufficiently
praise the celerity with which the ham and sausages were removed, as
the respectable families of the Jewish persuasion entered the room.
The port and sherry were of the first quality. Supper lasted till
about a quarter past two, when dancing was resumed, and continued
till Sol warned the festive party to disperse.

The dresses of the company were remarkably elegant. Mrs. Ramsbottom
was simply attired in a pea-green satin dress, looped up with crimson
cord and tassels, with a bright yellow silk turban and hair to match;
a magnificent French watch, chain, and seals were suspended from
her left side, and her neck was adorned with a very elegant row of
full-sized sky-blue beads, pendant to which was a handsome miniature
of Mr. Ramsbottom, in the costume of a corporal in the Limehouse
Volunteers, of which corps he was justly considered the brightest

The Misses Ramsbottom were dressed alike, in sky-blue dresses,
trimmed with white bugles, blue bead necklaces, and ear-rings _en
suite_. We never saw a more pleasing exhibition of female beauty,
the sylph-like forms of the three youngest, contrasted with the
high-conditioned elegance of the two eldest, formed a pleasing
variety; while the uniform appearance of the family red hair, set off
by the cerulean glow of the drapery, gave a sympathetic sameness to
the group, which could not fail to be interesting to the admirers of
domestic happiness.

The Misses Solomons attracted particular notice, as did the
fascinating Miss Louisa Doddell, and the lovely Miss Hogsflesh,
delighted the company after supper with the plaintive air of "Nobody
coming to marry me;" Mr. Stubbs and Mr. J. Stubbs sang "All's well"
with great effect, and Mr. Doddell and his accomplished sister were
rapturously encored in the duet of "Oh Nanny, wilt thou gang wi' me?"

Among the company we noticed--

The French Count (name unknown, but introduced by Mr. J. Stubbs).

Mistresses Dawes, Bumstead, Gordon, Green, five Smiths, Jones, Hall,
Ball, Small, Wall, Groves, Taylor, Dixon, Figgins, Stubbs, Lightfoot,
Hogsflesh, Muggins, Higginbottom, Cruikshanks, Barnet, Levi,
Solomons, Ricardo, Hume, Hone, Parker, Wilde, Cummins, Farthing,
Thompson, Anderson, Tod, Smallpiece, Flint, Doddell, Peppercorn,
Adcock and Pyman.

Misses Stubbs, 2 Grubbs, 11 Smiths, Lightfoot, Simmons, 3 Halfpennys,
Hall, Ball, Small, Wall, Barton, 3 Jones's, Hogsflesh, Eglantine
Hogsflesh, 2 Greens, 4 Hones, Ricardo, Williams, 2 Doddells,
Peppercorn, Holman, Figgins, Garbett, Burton, Morgan, Ellis, Levi,
Flint, 3 Farthings, Eversfield and Parkinson.

Doctor Dixon, Lieut. Cox, R.N., Ensign Ellmore, H.P.

Messrs. Green, Halfpenny, Butterfield, Dabbs, Harmer, Griffiths,
Grubb, Hogsflesh, Hall, Ball, Small, Wall, Taylor, Tod, Adcock,
Flint, Doddell, J. Doddle, A. Doddell, T. Doddell, Farrell, O'Reilly,
Yardley, Muscatt, Dabbs, Giblett, Barber, Sniggs, Cocker, Hume,
Bernelle, Moses, Levi, Hone, Ellice, Higginbottom, White, Brown,
Stubbs, J. Stubbs, S. Rogers, Hicks, Moore, Morgan, Luttrell, etc.

His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, Lady Morgan, Mr. Ex-Sheriff
Parkins, Sir Robert Wilson, and General Pepe were expected, but did
not come.



  April 27, 1823.

The following is from no less a personage than our fair favourite,
Miss Lavinia Ramsbottom:--

"Ma' desires me to write to you, to say that you are quite out in
your reckoning as to dry-salters and citizens going to the Opera in
hackney-coaches, and she hopes you will correct your calumny about
our being in the straw. A friend of Pa's, who lives in the Minories,
who is a great friend of Mr. Broom's, the Queen's lawyer, says that
you are very malicious, and that, after all your pretended kindness
last year, in putting in Ma's account of our party _gratis_ for
nothing, you only did it to quiz us; and Ma' says she shall continue
to go to the Opera as long as she pleases, and she does not care
whether the people have any clothes on, or none, so long as her
betters countenances it.

"P.S.--Pa's young men play at Cardinal Puff, with table-beer, after
supper every night,--so you see we have got _that_ from the West End."




  Paris, Dec. 10, 1823.

MY DEAR MR. B.,--The kindness with which you put in the account of
our party last year, induces my Mamma to desire me to write to you
again, to know if you would like to insert a journal of her travels.

My Papa has retired from business; he has left the shop in the
Minories, and has taken a house in Montague Place--a beautiful street
very far west, and near the British Museum--and my two younger
sisters have been sent over here, to improve their education and
their morals, and Mamma and I came over last week to see them, and
if they had got polish enough, to take them home again. Papa would
not come with us, because, when he was quite a youth, he got a very
great alarm in Chelsea Reach, because the waterman would put up a
sail, and from that time to this he never can be prevailed upon to go
to sea; so we came over under the care of Mr. Fulmer, the banker's
son, who was coming to his family.

Mamma has not devoted much of her time to the study of English, and
does not understand French at all, and therefore perhaps her journal
will here and there appear incorrect, but she is a great etymologist,
and so fond of you, that although I believe Mr. Murray, the great
bookseller in Albemarle Street, would give her, I do not know how
many thousand pounds for her book, if she published it "all in the
lump," as Papa says, she prefers sending it to you piecemeal, and so
you will have it every now and then, as a portion of it is done. I
have seen Mr. Fulmer laugh sometimes when she has been reading it;
but I see nothing to laugh at, except the hard words she uses, and
the pains she takes to find out meanings for things. She says if you
do not like to print it, you may let Murray have it--but that, of
course, she would prefer your doing it.

I enclose a portion--more shall come soon. Papa, I believe, means
to ask you to dinner when we get back to town; he says you are
a terrible body, and as he has two or three weak points in his
character, he thinks it better to be friends with you than foes. I
know of but one fault he has--yes, perhaps two--but I will not tell
you what they are till I see whether you publish Mamma's journal.

Adieu! I was very angry with you for praising little Miss M. at the
Lord Mayor's Dinner; I know her only by sight: we are not quite in
those circles yet, but I think when we get into Montague Place we may
see something of life. She is a very pretty girl, and very amiable,
and that is the truth of it, but you had no business to say so, you
fickle monster.

  Yours truly,


We proceeded, after reading this letter, to open the enclosure,
and found what follows. We do not presume to alter one word, but
when any trifling difficulty occurs, arising from the depth of Mrs.
Higginbottom's research, we have ventured to insert a note. The title
of the manuscript is



And thus, gentle reader, it ran:--

"Having often heard travellers lament not having put down what they
call the memorybillious of their journies, I was determined while
I was on my tower, to keep a dairy (so called from containing the
cream of one's information), and record everything which recurred to
me--therefore I begin with my departure from London.

"Resolving to take time by the firelock, we left Mountague Place at
seven o'clock by Mr. Fulmer's pocket thermometer, and proceeded over
Westminster-bridge to explode the European continent.

"I never pass Whitehall without dropping a tear to the memory of
Charles the Second, who was decimated after the rebellion of 1745
opposite the Horse-Guards--his memorable speech to Archbishop Caxon
rings in my ears whenever I pass the spot--I reverted my head, and
affected to look to see what o'clock it was by the dial, on the
opposite side of the way.

"It is quite impossible not to notice the improvements in this part
of the town; the beautiful view which one gets of Westminster Hall,
and its curious roof, after which, as everybody knows, its builder
was called William Roofus.

"Amongst the lighter specimens of modern architecture, is Ashley's
Ampletheatre, on your right, as you cross the bridge, (which was
built, Mr. Fulmer told me, by the Court of Arches and the House of
Peers). In this ampletheatre there are equestrian performances, so
called because they are exhibeted nightly--during the season.

"It is quite impossible to quit this 'mighty maze,' as Lady Hopkins
emphatically calls London, in her erudite 'Essay upon Granite,'
without feeling a thousand powerful sensations--so much wealth, so
much virtue, so much vice, such business as is carried on, within its
precincts, such influence as its inhabitants possess in every part of
the civilized world--it really exalts the mind from meaner things,
and casts all minor considerations far behind one.

"The toll at the Marsh-gate is ris since we last come through--it was
here we were to have taken up Lavinia's friend, Mr. Smith, who had
promised to go with us to Dover, but we found his servant instead of
himself, with a billy, to say he was sorry he could not come, because
his friend, Sir John somebody, wished him to stay and go down to Poll
at Lincoln. I have no doubt this Poll, whoever she may be, is a very
respectable young woman, but mentioning her, by her Christian name
only, in so abrupt a manner, had a very unpleasant appearance at any

"Nothing remarkable occurred till we reached the Obstacle in
St. George's Fields, where our attention was arrested by those
great institutions, the 'School for the Indignant Blind,' and the
'Misanthropic Society' for making shoes, both of which claim the
gratitude of the nation.

"At the corner of the lane leading to Peckham, I saw that they had
removed the Dollygraph which used to stand up on the declivity to
the right of the road--the dollygraphs are all to be superseded by

"When we came to the Green Man at Blackheath we had an opportunity
of noticing the errors of former travellers, for the heath is green,
and the man is black; Mr. Fulmer endeavoured to account for this, by
saying that Mr. Colman has discovered that Moors being black, and
Heaths being a kind of Moor, he looks upon the confusion of words as
the cause of the mistake.

"N.B. Colman is the eminent Itinerary Surgeon, who constantly resides
at St. Pancras.

"As we went near Woolwich we saw at a distance the artillery officers
on a common, a firing away with their bombs in mortars like any thing.

"At Dartford they make gunpowder; here we changed horses, at the
inn we saw a most beautiful Rhoderick Random in a pot, covered with
flowers, it is the finest I ever saw, except those at Dropmore. [Note

"When we got to Rochester we went to the Crown Inn and had a cold
collection: the charge was absorbent--I had often heard my poor dear
husband talk of the influence of the Crown, and a Bill of Wrights,
but I had no idea what it really meant till we had to pay one.

"As we passed near Chatham I saw several Pitts, and Mr. Fulmer
showed me a great many buildings--I believe he said they were
fortyfications, but I think there must have been near fifty of
them--he also shewed us the Lines at Chatham, which I saw quite
distinctly, with the clothes drying on them. Rochester was remarkable
in King Charles's time, for being a very witty and dissolute place,
as I have read in books.

"At Canterbury we stopped ten minutes to visit all the remarkable
buildings and curiosities in it, and about its neighbourhood;
the church is beautiful: when Oliver Cromwell conquered William
the Third, he perverted it into a stable--the stalls are still
standing--the old Virgin who shewed us the church, wore buckskin
breeches and powder--he said it was an archypiscopal sea, but I saw
no sea, nor do I think it possible he could see it either, for it is
at least seventeen miles off--we saw Mr. Thomas à Beckett's tomb--my
poor husband was extremely intimate with the old gentleman, and one
of his nephews, a very nice man, who lives near Golden-square, dined
with us twice, I think, in London--in Trinity Chapel is the monument
of Eau de Cologne, just as it is now exhibiting at the Diarrea in the
Regent's Park.

"It was late when we got to Dover: we walked about while our dinner
was preparing, looking forward to our snug _tête-à-tête_ of three--we
went to look at the sea, so called, perhaps, from the uninterrupted
view one has, when upon it--it was very curious to see the locks to
keep in the water here, and the keys which are on each side of them,
all ready, I suppose, to open them if they were wanted.

"Mr. Fulmer looked at a high place, and talked of Shakspeare, and
said out of his own head, these beautiful lines.--

                "Half way down
      Hangs one that gathers camphire, dreadful trade."

"This, I think it but right to say, I did not myself see.--

      "Methinks he seems no bigger than his head,
      The fishermen that walk upon the beach
      Appear like mice."

"This, again, I cannot quite agree to, for where we stood, they
looked exactly like men, only smaller, which I attribute to the
effect of distance--and then Mr. Fulmer said this--

                "And yon tall anchoring bark
      Diminished to her cock--her cock a boy!"

"This latter part I do not in the least understand, nor what Mr.
Fulmer meant by cock a boy--however, Lavinia seemed to comprehend it
all, for she turned up her eyes and said something about the immortal
bird of heaven--so I suppose they were alluding to the eagles, which
doubtless build their aviaries in that white mountain--(immortal bard
of Avon, the lady means).

"After dinner we read the Paris Guide, and looked over the list of
all the people who had been incontinent during the season, whose
names are all put down in a book at the inn, for the purpose--we went
to rest, much fatigued, knowing that we should be obliged to get up
early, to be ready for embrocation in the packet in the morning.

"We were, however, awake with the owl, and a walking a way before
eight, we went to see the castle--which was built, the man told us,
by Seizer, so called, I conclude, from seizing whatever he could lay
his hands on--the man said moreover that he had invaded Britain and
conquered it, upon which I told him that if he repeated such a thing
in my presence again, I should write to Mr. Peel about him.

"We saw the inn where Alexander, the Autograph of all the Russias,
lived when he was here, and as we were going along, we met twenty or
thirty dragons mounted on horses, the ensign who commanded them was a
friend of Mr. Fulmer's--he looked at Lavinia, and seemed pleased with
her _Tooting assembly_--he was quite a _sine qua non_ of a man, and
wore tips on his lips, like Lady Hopkins's poodle.

"I heard Mr. Fulmer say he was a son of Marr's; he spoke it as if
every body knew his father, so I suppose he must be the son of the
poor gentleman, who was so barbarously murdered some years ago, near
Ratcliffe Highway: if he is, he is uncommon genteel.

"At twelve o'clock we got into a boat and rowed to the packet; it was
very fine and clear for the season, and Mr. Fulmer said he should not
dislike pulling Lavinia about, all the morning: this I believe was a
naughtycal phrase, which I did not rightly comprehend, because Mr. F.
never offered to talk in that way on shore, to either of us.

"The packet is not a parcel as I imagined, in which we were to be
made up for exportation, but a boat of considerable size; it is
called a cutter--why, I do not know, and did not like to ask. It
was very curious to see how it rolled about--however I felt quite
mal-apropos, and instead of exciting any of the soft sensibilities
of the other sex, a great unruly man, who held the handle of the
ship, bid me lay hold of a companion, and when I sought his arm for
protection, he introduced me to a ladder, down which I ascended into
the cabin, one of the most curious places I ever beheld, where ladies
and gentlemen are put upon shelves like books in a library, and
where tall men are doubled up like boot-jacks, before they can be
put away at all.

"A gentleman in a hairy cap without his coat, laid me perpendicularly
on a mattress, with a basin by my side, and said that was my birth;
I thought it would have been my death, for I never was so indisposed
in all my life. I behaved extremely ill to a very amiable middle-aged
gentleman with a bald head, who had the misfortune to be attending
upon his wife, in the little hole under me.

"There was no symphony to be found among the tars, (so called from
their smell) for just before we went off I heard them throw a painter
overboard, and directly after, they called out to one another to
hoist up an ensign. I was too ill to enquire what the poor young
gentleman had done, but after I came up stairs I did not see his body
hanging anywhere, so I conclude they had cut him down; I hope it was
not young Mr. Marr a venturing after my Lavy.

"I was quite shocked to find what democrats the sailors are--they
seem to hate the nobility, and especially the law lords: the way I
discovered this apathy of theirs to the nobility, was this--the very
moment we lost sight of England and were close to France, they began,
one and all, to swear first at the peer, and then at the bar, in such
gross terms as made my very blood run cold.

"I was quite pleased to see Lavinia sitting with Mr. Fulmer in
the travelling carriage on the outside of the packet. But Lavinia
afforded great proofs of her good bringing up, by commanding her
feelings--it is curious what could have agitated the billiary ducks
of my stomach, because I took every precaution which is recommended
in different books to prevent ill-disposition. I had some mutton
chops at breakfast, some Scotch marmalade on bread and butter, two
eggs, two cups of coffee and three of tea, besides toast, a little
fried whiting, some potted charr, and a few shrimps, and after
breakfast I took a glass of warm white wine negus, and a few oysters,
which lasted me till we got into the boat, when I began eating
gingerbread nuts, all the way to the packet, and then was persuaded
to take a glass of bottled porter to keep every thing snug and

       *       *       *       *       *

And here ends our present communication. We are mightily obliged
to Miss Higginbottom, and shall with great pleasure continue the
journal, whenever we are presented with it.




  Montague Place, Dec. 24, 1823.

SIR,--I never wished either my wife or daughter to turn authoresses,
as I think ladies which write books are called, and I should have set
my face against the publication of my wife's Journal of her Tour if I
had been consulted; but the truth is, they seldom ask me anything as
to what is to be done, until they have first done it themselves.

Now I like you, because you have done the West Indians a good turn,
and also because you try to put down the papishes; but there _is_ a
thing which under all the circumstances vexes me, because, as you
may remember, Mr. Burke said, "anything which is worth doing is
worth doing well." What I quarrel with you for is, that you put my
wife's name and my daughter's name as Mrs. and Miss Higginbottom,
whereas our name is Ramsbottom, and whether it be the stupidity of
your printers, or that my daughter, who has been three years at an
uncommon fine school at Hackney, cannot write plain, I do not pretend
to say; but I do not like it, because, since every tub should stand
on its own bottom, I think the Higginbottoms should not have the
credit of doing what the Ramsbottoms actually do.

Perhaps you will correct this little error: it hurts me, because, as
I said before, I like you very much, and I have got a few cases of
particular champagne, a wine which my friend Rogers tells me, you are
extremely fond of, and which he says is better than all the "real
pain" in the world--(nobody ever said it before); and when the women
return from over the horrid sea, I hope you will come and drink some
of it; so pray just make an _erratum_, as the booksellers say, and
put our right names in your paper, by doing which you will really
oblige, your's,


P.S.--My second daughter is a very fine girl, and I think as clever
as Lavy, and writes a much clearer hand--you shall see her when you
come to M---- Place.




  Paris, Dec. 28, 1823.

DEAR MR. B.,--I never was so surprised in my life as when we got
your paper here, to see that your printing people had called Ma' and
me Higginbottom--I was sure, and I told Ma' so, that it could not
be your fault, because you could not have made such a mistake in my
handwriting, nor could you have forgotten me so much as to have done
such a thing; but I suppose you were so happy and comfortable with
your friends (for judging by the number of your enemies you must have
a host of them) at this merry season, that you did not pay so much
attention to your correspondents as usual. I forgive you, my dear
Mr. B.--Christmas comes but once a-year, and I assure you we had a
small lump of roast beef (_portion pour deux_) from M. Godeau's, over
the way, to keep up our national custom--the man actually asked Ma'
whether she would have a _rost-bif de mouton_; so little do they know
anything about it. I send another portion of Ma's diary--you spelt it
"dairy" in the paper--I don't know whether Ma' put it so herself--she
is quite pleased at seeing it published, and Mr. Fulmer called and
said it was capital.

We have just come from the Ambassador's chapel, and are going to
see St. Cloud directly, so I cannot write much myself, but must say
adieu.--Always believe me, dear Mr. B., yours truly,





"When we came near the French shore, a batto (which is much the same
as a boat in England) came off to us, and, to my agreeable surprise,
an Englishman came into our ship; and I believe he was a man of great
consequence, for I overheard him explaining some dreadful quarrel
which had taken place in our Royal Family.

"He said to the master of our ship, that owing to the Prince Leopold
having run foul of the Duchess of Kent while she was in stays, the
Duchess had missed Deal. By which I conclude it was a dispute at
cards--however, I want to know nothing of state secrets, or I might
have heard a great deal more, because it appeared that the Duchess's
head was considerably injured in the scuffle.

"I was very much distressed to see that a fat gentleman who was
in the ship, had fallen into a fit of perplexity by over-reaching
himself--he lay prostituted upon the floor, and if it had not
been that we had a doctor in the ship, who immediately opened his
temporary artery and his jocular vein, with a lancelot which he had
in his pocket, I think we should have seen his end.

"It was altogether a most moving spectacle--he thought himself dying,
and all his anxiety in the midst of his distress was to be able to
add a crocodile to his will, in favour of his niece, about whom he
appeared very sanguinary.

"It was quite curious to see the doctor fleabottomize the patient,
which he did without any accident, although it blew a perfect harrico
at the time. I noticed two little children, who came out of the boat,
with hardly any clothes on them, speaking French like anything--a
proof of the superior education given to the poor in France, to that
which they get in England from Dr. Bell of Lancaster.

"When we landed at Callous, we were extremely well received, and I
should have enjoyed the sight very much, but Mr. Fulmer, and another
gentleman in the batto, kept talking of nothing but how turkey and
grease disagreed with each other, which, in the then state of my
stomach, was far from agreeable.

"We saw the print of the foot of Louis Desweet, the French King,
where he first stopped when he returned to his country--he must be a
prodigious heavy man to have left such a deep mark in the stone--we
were surrounded by Commissioners, who were so hospitable as to press
us to go to their houses without any ceremony. Mr. Fulmer showed our
pass-ports to a poor old man, with a bit of red ribband tied to his
button-hole, and we went before the Mayor, who is no more like a
Mayor than my foot-boy.

"Here they took a subscription of our persons, and one of the men
said that Lavinia had a jolly manton, at which the clerks laughed,
and several of them said she was a jolly feel, which I afterwards
understood meant a pretty girl--I misunderstood it for fee, which,
being in a public office, was a very natural mistake.

"We went then to a place they call the Do-Anne, where they took away
the pole of my baruch--I was very angry at this, but they told me we
were to travel in Lemonade with a biddy, which I did not understand,
but Mr. Fulmer was kind enough to explain it to me as we went to
the hotel, which is in a narrow street, and contains a garden and

"I left it to Mr. Fulmer to order dinner, for I felt extremely
piquant, as the French call it, and a very nice dinner it was--we had
a purey, which tasted very like soup--one of the men said it was made
from leather, at least so I understood, but it had quite the flavour
of hare; I think it right here to caution travellers against the fish
at this place, which looks very good, but which I have reason to
believe is very unwholesome, for one of the waiters called it poison
while speaking to the other--the fish was called marine salmon, but
it looked like veal cutlets.

"They are so fond of Buonaparte still that they call the table-cloths
Naps, in compliment to him--this I remarked to myself, but said
nothing about it to anybody else, for fear of consequences.

"One of the waiters, who spoke English, asked me if I would have a
little Bergami, which surprised me, till Mr. Fulmer said it was the
wine he was handing about, when I refused it, preferring to take a
glass of Bucephalus.

"When we had dined we had some coffee, which is here called
cabriolet; after which Mr. Fulmer asked if we would have a chasse,
which I thought meant a hunting party, and said I was afraid of going
out into the fields at that time of night--but I found chasse was a
lickure called _cure a sore_ (from its healing qualities, I suppose),
and very nice it was--after we had taken this, Mr. Fulmer went out
to look at the jolly feels in the shops of Callous, which I thought
indiscreet in the cold air; however, I am one as always overlooks
the little piccadillies of youth.

"When we went to accoucher at night, I was quite surprised in not
having a man for a chambermaid; and if it had not been for the entire
difference of the style of furniture, the appearance of the place,
and the language and dress of the attendants, I never should have
discovered that we had changed our country in the course of the day.

"In the morning early we left Callous with the Lemonade, which is
Shafts, with a very tall post-boy, in a violet-coloured jacket,
trimmed with silver; he rode a little horse, which is called a biddy,
and wore a nobbed tail, which thumped against his back like a patent
self-acting knocker. We saw, near Bullion, Buonaparte's conservatory,
out of which he used to look at England in former days.

"Nothing remarkable occurred till we met a courier a travelling,
Mr. Fulmer said, with despatches; these men were called couriers
immediately after the return of the Bonbons, in compliment to the
London newspaper, which always wrote in their favour. At Montrule,
Mr. Fulmer shewed me Sterne's Inn, and there I saw Mr. Sterne
himself, a standing at the door, with a French cocked hat upon his
head, over a white night-cap. Mr. Fulmer asked if he had any becauses
in his house; but he said no: what they were I do not know to this

"It is no use describing the different places on our rout, because
Paris is the great object of all travellers, and therefore I shall
come to it at once--it is reproached by a revenue of trees; on the
right of which you see a dome, like that of St. Paul's, but not so
large. Mr. Fulmer told me it was an invalid, and it did certainly
look very yellow in the distance; on the left you perceive Mont
Martyr, so called from the number of windmills upon it.

"I was very much surprised at the height of the houses, and the noise
of the carriages in Paris: and was delighted when we got to our
hotel, which is Wag Ram; why I did not like to enquire; it is just
opposite the Royal Timber-yard, which is a fine building, the name of
which is cut in stone.--_Timbre Royal._

"The hotel which I have mentioned is in the Rue de la Pay, so called
from its being the dearest part of the town. At one end of it is the
place Fumdum, where there is a pillow as high as the Trojan's Pillow
at Rome, or the pompous pillow in Egypt; this is a beautiful object,
and is made of all the guns, coats, waistcoats, hats, boots and
belts, which belonged to the French who were killed by the cold in
Prussia at the fire of Moscow.

"At the top of the pillow is a small apartment, which they call
a pavillion, and over that a white flag, which I concluded to
be hoisted as a remembrance of Buonaparte, being very like the
table-cloths I noticed at Callous.

"We lost no time in going into the gardens of the Tooleries, where we
saw the statutes at large in marvel--here we saw Mr. Backhouse and
Harry Edney, whoever they might be, and a beautiful grope of Cupid
and Physic, together with several of the busks which Lavy has copied,
the original of which is in the Vacuum at Rome, which was formerly an
office for government thunder, but is now reduced to a stable where
the Pope keeps his bulls.

"Travellers like us, who are mere birds of prey, have no time to
waste, and therefore we determined to see all we could in each day,
so we went to the great church, which is called Naughty Dam, where
we saw a priest doing something at an altar. Mr. Fulmer begged me
to observe the knave of the church, but I thought it too hard to
call the man names in his own country, although Mr. Fulmer said he
believed he was exercising the evil spirits in an old lady in a black

"It was a great day at this church, and we staid for mass, so called
from the crowd of people who attend it--the priest was very much
incensed--we waited out the whole ceremony, and heard Tedium sung,
which occupied three hours.

"We returned over the Pont Neuf, so called from being the north
bridge in Paris, and here we saw a beautiful image of Henry Carter;
it is extremely handsome, and quite green--I fancied I saw a likeness
to the Carters of Portsmouth, but if it is one of his family, his
posteriors are very much diminished in size and figure.

"Mr. Fulmer proposed that we should go and dine at a tavern called
Very--because every thing is very good there; and accordingly we
went, and I never was so malapropos in my life--there were two or
three ladies quite in nubibus; but when I came to look at the bill of
fare, I was quite anileated, for I perceived that Charlotte de Pommes
might be sent for for one shilling and twopence, and Patty de Veau
for half-a-crown. I desired Mr. Fulmer to let us go; but he convinced
me there was no harm in the place, by shewing me a dignified
clergyman of the Church of England and his wife, a eating away like
any thing.

"We had a voulez vous of fowl, and some sailor's eels, which were
very nice, and some pieces of crape, so disguised by the sauce that
nobody who had not been told what it was would have distinguished
them from pancakes--after the sailor's eels we had some pantaloon
cutlets, which were savoury--but I did not like the writing
paper--however, as it was a French custom, I eat every bit of
it--they call sparrow-grass here asperge, I could not find out why.

"If I had not seen what wonderful men the French cooks are, who
actually stew up shoes with partridges, and make very nice dishes
too, I never could have believed the influence they have in the
politics of the country--everything is now decided by the cooks, who
make no secret of their feelings, and the party who are still for
Buonaparte call themselves traitors, while those who are partizans of
the Bonbons are termed Restaurateurs, or friends of the Restoration.

"After dinner a French monsheur, who I thought was a waiter, for he
had a bit of red ribbon at his button-hole, just the same as one of
the waiters had, began to talk to Mr. Fulmer, and it was agreed we
should go to the play--they talked of Racing and Cornhill, which
made me think the mounsheur had been in England--however, it was
arranged that we were to go and see Andrew Mackay at the Francay, or
Jem Narse, or the Bullvards; but at last it was decided unanimously,
crim. con. that we should go to see Jem Narse, and so we went--but I
never saw the man himself after all.

"A very droll person, with long legs and a queer face, sung a song
which pleased me very much, because I understood the end of it
perfectly--it was 'tal de lal de lal de lal,' and sounded quite like
English--after he had done, although every body laughed, the whole
house called out 'beast, beast,' and the man, notwithstanding, was
foolish enough to sing it over again."




  Paris, January 28, 1824.

SIR,--As my daughter Lavy, who acts as my amaranthus, is ill-disposed
with a cold and guittar, contracted by visiting the Hecatombs last
week, I send this without her little billy which she usually sends;
my second daughter has sprained her tender hercules in crossing
one of the roues, and my third daughter has got a military fever,
which, however, I hope, by putting her through a regiment, and giving
her a few subterfuges, will soon abate. I am, however, a good deal
_embracée_, as the French say, with so many invalids.

Since I wrote last, I have visited the Hullaballoo, or cornmarket,
so called from the noise made in it; Mr. Fulmer told me I should see
the flower of the French nation there, but I only saw a crowd of old
men and old women; here is a pillow made for judicious astronomy, but
which looks like a sun-dial.

We went, on Tuesday, to the symetery of the Chaise-and-pair, as they
call it, where the French and English are miscellaneously interred,
and I amused myself by copying the epigrams on the tombstones--one of
them, which looked like a large bath, Mr. Fulmer told me was a sark
of a goose, which I had previously heard my friend Mr. Rogers call
Mr. Hume's shirt.

In the afternoon we went to dine at Beau Villiers's--not the Mr.
Villiers who owes our Government so much money--but the smell of
the postillions which were burning in the rooms quite overpowered
me. I got better in the evening, and as the girls were not with us,
Mr. Fulmer took me round the Palais Royal, which is a curious place
indeed. We saw several Russian war houses, and went into the "Caffee
de Milk alone," so called because, when Bonypart confisticated the
cargoes from the West Indies, and propagated the use of coffee,
the lady who kept this place made a mixture with milk alone, which
answered all the purpose of coffee. The room is surrounded by
looking-glasses, so that the people are always multiplying who go
there: the lady herself was very beautiful, but Mr. Fulmer told me
she was constantly reflected upon. Mr. F. took some melted glass,
upon which I did not like to venture, but contented myself with a
tumbler of caterpillar and water.

Wednesday we went to the Shampdemars (which is opposite to the Pere
Elisée), and saw a review of the Queerasses of the Royal Guard. The
sister of the late Dolphin was present--the Dolphin of France is the
same as the Prince of Whales in England. The Duke of Anglehome came
by, from hunting, just at the time; I am told he is quite a Ramrod
in the chace. The troops performed their revolutions with decision,
and having manured all over the ground, fired a fille de joy, and
returned to their quarters.

We went yesterday to what is their Parliament House, and while were a
waiting in the antic-room, I saw a picture of Lewes de Sweet himself,
in a large purple robe, lined with vermin and covered with fleur de
lice. Being a stranger, I was allowed to look into the chamber; it
is not quite what I expected: there seemed to be a man in a bar, with
a bell before him, and the men who were speaking spoke all in French,
and looked very shabby and mean; to be sure, they were only the
deputies--it would have been more lucky if we had seen the members

Lavy, I think, has got a puncheon for Mr. Fulmer, and I am afraid is
a fretting about it, but this is quite cet a dire between us, Mr. B.
He says her figure is like the Venus de Medicine, which is no doubt
owing to the pulling down she has had of late. We are going next
week to Sanclew again, but we travel in such an odd carriage, that I
cannot prevail upon myself to mention its name.

You must excuse a short letter to-day. I was determined to write,
else I thought our friends in Westminster might be disappointed. You
shall hear more at large by the next opportunity.

  Always yours,

If you see Mr. R., tell him Mr. Fulmer has bought him two pictures;
one of Ten Years, the other of Old Beans; I am no judge, but they are
very black, and shine beautifully--they are considered shift doovers
in these parts.



  Paris, March 15, 1824.

MY DEAR BULL,--I believe I shall soon have to announce that Mr.
Fulmer has led my Lavy to the halter--but I am unwilling to be too
sanguinary; should that happen, however, we shall extend our tower,
and proceed to the Pay de Veau and finally to Room, where Mr. Fulmer
is to explain all the antics, what you so well know are collected

We have been to-day to see the Hotel de Veal, so called, I believe,
from being situated in the Calf-market; it is now styled the Place de
Grave, because all the malefactors who are decimated by the gulleting
(an instrument so called from its cutting the sufferer's throat) are
buried there. We crossed over the Pont Neuf, in order to go again to
see the Mass. As we went along, I purchased two beautiful sieve jars,
with covers, on purpose to keep Popery in.

I believe I forgot to say that we went one morning to an expedition
of pictures at the Looksombre palace, so called from its dull
situation. It was very fine: one particularly struck my fancy.
It was Phœbe offering Hector to the Gods. There was another of
Morpheus charming the Beasts, which was extremely moving; there was
also a beautiful portrait of a lady, and Mr. Fulmer said she was
in excellent keeping. I did not, of course, ask who she was, and I
wonder how they can admit likenesses of that class of people into
such a place. Mr. Fulmer shewed me a large picture, painted by David,
which is wonderfully fresh, considering its vast age. I knew David
was the greatest musician of his time, but I did not know that he was
a painter into the bargain. These genuses are always gifted creturs.

We have been to the Jardin des Plantes, or place for wild beasts,
where we saw some lepers and tygers--and two birds called carraways,
from India; there is also an oliphant, which contradicts the absurd
story that these animals carry their trunks about with them--this
great creature had nothing but a long snout, which made him look to
me as if his tail had been misplaced--it was intended by Bonypart to
put the statute of one of these animals up, for a fountain on the
Bullwards, indeed the impediment is already constructed.

I was very much delighted with the place Louis Quinzy--so called from
his having died of a sore throat--the Admiralty is situated here,
with a dollygraph on the top--Mr. Fulmer introduced me to one of the
officers in the naval department, who was a very favourable specimen
of the French moreen.

We went to the Odium, a favourite playhouse of Bonypart's, on purpose
to see the Civil Barber, a play written by one Beau Marchy--but
we were disappointed, for the house was not open, so by way of a
pease-alley, as Mr. Fulmer calls it, we went to the Fait d'Eau, a
kind of French uproar, where we paid very dear for tickets, and
got no places after all. I was quite sick and tired of the affair
altogether, and if Mr. Fulmer had not got me a caffé au lait to carry
me home, I think I should have perspired from fatigue.

I had almost forgot to tell you that we went to the palace at
Marselles, distant from this about ten miles--it is indeed a
beautiful place. There we saw the great Owes playing, which is
water-works, and represents water coming out of the tails of Lions,
and out of the ears and noses of frogs and goddesses, as natural
as the life. Here is a wonderful fine chapel, all of marvel, and a
strait canal which has no end--I forget how much it cost the nation
to make all this water, but I am sure it is cheap at the money
whatever it may be--though by the name it seems to be still owing.
Mr. Fulmer called such an expense an easy mode of liquidating a
national debt--but really I don't know why.

I have little time for more at present, because two of the doctors
from the Sore-bone are coming to see my daughter's sprained ancle
to-night; but it is curious to remark how foolish the people are,
when one has not a gentleman with one, for Mr. Fulmer being out
to-day, I sent to the Traitors for the bill of fare, and the man
talked of sending the dinner in a cart, which I thought was useless,
it being only just over the way. So they sent the bill, and I not
being particular, and not understanding the names of the things,
ordered the first four dishes in the list, and they sent me four
different sorts of soup, and when I complained of the cook, the
garkon or waiter talked of quizzing and quizzing her, (doubtlessly
meaning me) as if I had been a person of no consequence--indeed he
once or twice went so far as to swear at me, and say dam when he
spoke to me, but I had nobody at home to take my part, and therefore
I eat the four soups and said nothing about it.

The daughter of Mr. Ratschild is going to be married--they call him
Creases, but he is a Jew. He gives her a dot the day of her wedding,
of five millions of franks; but for all he is so rich, they say he
is quite circumsized in his affairs compared with his brother in
London--his daughter will be made a barrenness when she is married.

Mr. Cambray Serres is more--which here means no more. I suppose, by
his name, that he is related to our royal family at home.

Do you know, Mr. Bull, that I have found out one very surprising
thing, the French ridicule the English in everything; they have
got a farce which they call "Anglase poor rear," which is quite
scandalous, and every thing they have, they nick-name after us; they
call a note Billy, and a book Tom; a pie they have christened Patty;
they call the mob a fool; any thing that is very shameful they call
Hunt, but whether they mean John, Henry, Joseph, or Leigh, I cannot
discover--they call the winter a heaver--the autumn Old Tom, and the
summer they call Letty.

I think the French must have been originally Irish, for they say
crame for cream, and suprame for supreme, and so on: but I will
endeavour to find out more about this.

I went to see a vealyard (that is, an old man), who had been a sort
of anchor-wright or hermit many years ago; he had been put into the
dungeons of the Inquisition in furs, and suffered what they call the
piano-forte and door of that terrible place--if we go to Room we
shall see the buildings in which he was confined, and I dare say we
shall go there, and from that to Naples, and into the Gulp of Venus,
and so to Cecily, which I shall very much like whoever she may be,
because I knew a namesake of her's down in Dorsetshire.

I must, however, conclude my letter, for I am hurried for Tim--Lavy
begs her best love, and says in case she is married you must write
her epitaph. Why do you not call upon Mr. R.? he will be very glad
to see you, and now that he is alone he lives, in compliment to me,
entirely upon turtle.





  Montague Place, Friday, April 23, 1824.

MY DEAR MR. BULL,--I think you will be surprized at the prescription
of this letter with the P.P. mark of the two-penny post; but poor Mr.
Ramsbottom being seriously ill-disposed, we were off from Paris at a
moment's notice, for as good fortune would have it, my embargo which
I wrote about was quite removed by the use of Steers's hopalittledog
and bang shows every night.

Mr. R. is a little better, and has lost a good deal of what the
French call song; indeed our medical man relies very much on the
use of his lancaulet. The fact is, that the turtles is come over
from the West Hinges, and Mr. R. committed a fox paw at the King's
Head, in the Poultry, which caused our doctor (who lives in this
neighbourhood, and is lively as he is kind) to say that as Mr.
Ramsbottom nearly died by Bleaden, so bleeding must restore him.
Bleaden is the name of the gentleman who keeps the King's Head, and
bleeding, as you know, is the vulgar term for flea-bottomizing.

I fear you have not received my journal regular, nor do I think I
have told you of our seeing the Louver, which we did the very day
before we left Paris. I own, amongst the statutes, the Fighting
Alligator pleased me most. As for Rubens's pictures, I could not look
at them; for though Mr. Fulmer kept talking of the drapery, I saw no
drapery at all; and in one, which is of Adonass preventing Venice
from being chaste, the lady is sitting on a gold striped jacket.
Mr. Fulmer said she had got an enormous anacreonism, at which Lavy
laughed; so I suppose it had some allusion to her favourite writer,
Mr. Moore, who is called Anacreon--why, I never could understand,
unless it refers to the fashionable Maladies which he has introduced
into the best society.

A beautiful statute of Apollo with the Hypocrite pleased me very
much, and a Fawn which looks like a woman done by Mons. Praxytail, a
French stone-mason, is really curious.

A picture of The Bicknells is I suppose a family grope, but the young
women appeared tipsy, which is an odd state to be drawn in--the
statute of Manylaws is very fine, and so is Cupid and Physic,
different from the one which I noticed before.

Mr. Fulmer shewed us some small old black pictures, which I did not
look at much, because he told us they were Remnants, and of course
very inferior. A fine painting by Carlo my Hearty pleased me, and we
saw also something by Sall Vataraso, a lady who was somehow concerned
with the little woman I have seen at Peckham Fair in former days,
called Lady Morgan.

We had one dinner at Riches, a coffee-house on the Bullwards, and
curious enough, it was the very day that poor Mr. Ram overeat himself
in the City--we had some stewed Angles, and a couple of Pulls done
up in a dish of Shoe; which is much of a muchness with English fowl
and cabbage--we had afterwards an amulet of sulphur and some things
done in crumbs of bread, which they wanted to pass off upon me as
wheat-ears--but I had not lived at Brighton two seasons for nothing,
and do happen to know the difference between wheat-ears and oysters;
and so I told them.

Mr. Fulmer ordered a bottle of Oil of Purdry, which tasted a good
deal like Champaigne, but he said it was mouse; the girls liked it,
and Lavy laughed so loud that she quite astonished an officer of
Chindammery who was drinking cafe at the next table.

I have left my third and fourth daughters in Paris, to finish their
education--they will be taught every thing that girls can be taught,
and are to be regularly boarded every day (without regard to its
being Lent) for less than seventy pounds per ann.; and they learn so
many more things in France than girls do in England, that when they
return they might set up for mistresses themselves--what an advantage
there must be to a young woman, who is likely to have occasion for it
in her latter end, in a continent education--they call these schools

I desired, of course, that the Popish Prater, or priest, might have
no communication with my girls--I don't approve of what they call
the horal confession--to be sure it is a mere matter of feeling--but
I saw one young lady in Saint Surplice one day a confessing away
to a fine handsome Prater, and I thought it would have been much
better done in some more private place than a church. I understood
afterwards she was a lady who had been long married, but her husband
had no hair to his property, and she used to come every day and
confess to the Prater, and pray for a child--poor thing, she seemed
very much in earnest.

The onion of Lavy with Mr. Fulmer is postponed; his ant is dead,
and it would not be respectful to be married while the dool (as
the French call it) continues; I am driven to the last moment, as
Lavy and her sister are analyzing themselves to go to see the great
picture of Pompey, in the Strand--Lavy means to write to you next
week herself. --Your's truly,





  Montague Place, Jan. 6, 1825.

DEAR MR. BULL,--Why don't you write to us--or call? We are all of
us well, and none of us no more, as perhaps you may suppose, except
poor Mr. Ram.--of course you know of his disease, it was quite
unexpected, with a spoonful of turtle in his mouth--the real gallipot
as they call it. However, I have no doubt he is gone to heaven, and
my daughters are gone to Bath, except Lavy, who is my pet, and never
quits me.

The physicians paid great attention to poor Mr. Ram., and he suffered
nothing--at least that I know of. It was a very comfortable thing
that I was at home shay new, as the French say, when he went, because
it is a great pleasure to see the last of one's relations and friends.

You know we have been to Room since you heard from us--the infernal
city as it is called--the seat of Poopery, and where the Poop himself
lives. He was one of the Carnals, and was elected just before we was
there: he has changed his name, not choosing to disgrace his family.
He was formerly Doctor Dallyganger, but he now calls himself Leo,
which the Papists reverse, and call him Ole or Oleness. He is a fine
cretur, and was never married, but he has published a Bull in Room,
which is to let people commit all kind of sin without impunity,
which is different from your Bull, which shoes up them as does any
crime. He is not Poop this year, for he has proclaimed Jew Billy in
his place, which is very good, considering the latter gentleman is a
general, and not of his way of thinking.

Oh, Mr. Bull, Room is raley a beautiful place.--We entered it by
the Point of Molly, which is just like the Point and Sally at
Porchmouth, only they call Sally there Port, which is not known in
Room. The Tiber is not a nice river, it looks yellow; but it does
the same there as the Tames does here. We hired a carry-letty and
a cocky-olly, to take us to the Church of Salt Peter, which is
prodigious big:--in the center of the pizarro there is a basilisk
very high--on the right and left two handsome foundlings; and the
farcy, as Mr. Fulmer called it, is ornamented with collateral
statutes of some of the Apostates.

There is a great statute of Salt Peter himself, but Mr. Fulmer thinks
it to be Jew Peter, which I think likely too--there were three
brothers of the same name, as of course you know--Jew Peter the
fortuitous, the capillary, and toenails; and it is curos that it must
be him, for his toes are kissed away by the piety of the religious
debauchees who visit his shin and shrine--Besides, I think it is
Jew Peter, because why should not he be worshipped as well as Jew
Billy?--Mr. Fulmer made a pun, Lavy told me, and said the difference
between the two Jew Billies was, that one drew all the people to the
_sinagog_, and the other set all the people _agog to sin_--I don't
conceive his meaning, which I am afraid is a Dublin tender.

There was a large quire of singers, but they squeaked too much
to please me--and played on fiddles, so I suppose they have no
organs;--the priests pass all their time in dissolving sinners by
oracular confusion, which, like transmogrification, is part of their
doctoring--the mittens in the morning, and whispers at night, is just
equally the same as at Paris.

Next to Salt Peter's Church is the Church of Saint John the Latter
end, where the Poop always goes when he is first made--there is
another basilisk here covered with highro-griffins.

I assure you the Colocynth is a beautiful ruin--it was built for
fights, and Mr. Fulmer said that Hell of a gabbler, an Emperor,
filled his theatre with wine--what a sight of marvels Mr. B. oh, so
superb!--the carraway, and paring, and the jelly and tea-cup, which
are all very fine indeed.

The Veteran[10] (which I used foolishly to call the Vacuum till I
had been there), is also filled with statutes--one is the body of
the angel Michael, which has been ripped to pieces, and is therefore
said to be Tore-so--but I believe this to be a poetical fixture:--the
statute of the Racoon is very moving, its tail is prodigious long,
and goes round three on 'em--the Antipodes is also a fine piece of

As for paintings there is no end to them in Room--Mr. Raffles's
Transmigration is I think the finest--much better than his
Harpoons:--there are several done by Hannah Bell Scratchy,[11] which
are beautiful; I dare say she must be related to Lady Bell, who is
a very clever painter, you know, in London. The Delapidation of St.
John by George Honey[12] is very fine, besides several categorical
paintings, which pleased me very much.

The shops abound with Cammyhoes and Tallyhoes--which last always
reminded me of the sports of the field at home, and the cunning of
sly Reynolds a getting away from the dogs. They also make Scally
holies at Rome, and what they call obscure chairs--but, oh Mr. B.
what a cemetry there is in the figure of Venus of Medicine, which
belongs to the Duke of Tusk and eye--her contortions are perfect.

We walked about in the Viccissitude, and hired a maccaroni, or as
the French, alluding to the difficulty of satisfying the English,
call them, a "lucky to please," and, of course, exploded the Arch of
Tightas and the Baths of Diapason. Every day exposes something new
there, to the lovers of what they call the belly arty, who have made
a great many evacuations in the Forum. Poor Lavy, whom I told you was
fond of silly quizzing, fell down on the Tarpaulin Rock, in one of
her revelries--Mr. Fulmer said it would make a capital story when
she got home, but I never heard another syllabub about it.

One thing surprised me, the Poop (who wears three crowns together,
which are so heavy that they call his cap, a tirer) is always talked
of as Paw-paw, which seems very improper, his Oleness was ill the
last day we went to the Chapel at the Choir and all, having taken
something delirious the day before at dinner; he was afterwards
confined with romantic gout; but we saw enough of him after, and
it was curious to observe the Carnals prostituting themselves
successfully before him--he is like the German corn plaster which Mr.
Ram used to use--quite unavailable.

However, Mr. B., the best part of all, I think, was our coming
home--I was so afraid of the pandittis, who were all in trimbush with
arquebasades and Bagnets that I had no peace all the time we were on
root--but I must say I liked Friskhearty; and Tiffaly pleased me, and
so did Miss Senis's Villa and the Casket Alley; however home is home,
be it never so homely, and here we are, thank our stars.

We have a great deal to tell you, if you will but call upon us--Lavy
has not been at the halter yet, nor do I know when she will, because
of the mourning for poor Mr. Ram--indeed I have suffered a great deal
of shag green on account of his disease, and above all have not been
able to have a party on Twelfth Night.

  Yours truly,

Pray write, dear Mr. B.



  Elysium Row, Fulham, July 8, 1825.

MY DEAR B.,--I am in a dreadful state--I see by the play ills, that a
Play about our family at Rhymes is in preparation at Common Garden.
When I saw the divertisement in the _Currier_, I thought I should
have perspired. I never was at Rhymes. I saw my own King, God bless
him, crowned--but I neither saw Lues de Sweet nor Charles Deece done
anything to, nor never meant to go. What is the Santampoole to me--I
don't like Poopery, nor ever did. Pray do you know Mr. Coleman (him
as I spoke of before) the itinerary surgeon at Pancras? I am told
he cuts out what he likes, of whatever appears at Common Garden,
ever since the horses was introduced--if you could contrive to get
us emitted, I should be much obligated. Lavy is in a perfect favour
about it; and if dear Mr. Ram was not diseased and in his grave, I
think he would have gone mad to see our names blackguarded against
the walls--besides, there's our cousins--them is more angry than we.
In short, I have no doubt but the Play has been caused by some little
peake against our family, and I trust to your goodness to get it
anniliated beforehand.--Your's, ever, dear B.,


P.S. If any of your friends wants a house in a rural situation, our
house in Montague-place is still to let.



  Dippe, January 1, 1826.

DEAR MR. B.,--You have not heard from any on us for a long
time--indeed I have no spirts to write to any body, for Lavy has been
very mal indeed--we are stopping at Dippe, so called as you know,
from being a bathing-place, for I am worried to death.

Our house in Montague-place, which since dear Mr. Ram's disease I
cannot think of stopping in, is still to let, which is so much waste
of money--it is a nice house, open behind to the Mewseum Jordans,
and in front all the way to Highgate; but I cannot get it off my
hands. As for Mr. Ram's little property in Gloucestershire, I never
can go there, for my lawyer tells me, although we might live there
if we like, that one of Mr. Ram's creditors has got a lion on the
estate, and I cannot think of going to expose myself to the mercy of
a wild cretur like that a running about--however, as the French says,
"_jamais esprit_,"--never mind--I cannot help it.

My son Tom, who is a groin up, is to be in the law himself, indeed I
have put him out to Grazing,[13] under a specious pleader--I should
like him to be apprenticed to the Lord Chancellor at once, and
brought up to the business regular, but I don't know how to get it
managed--do you think Mr. Harmer could put me in the way of it?

I only write to wish you the full complement of the season--we are a
good deal troubled with wind here, but otherwise we are very snug,
and there are several high-burning gentlemen of very large property
living in Dippe, who are kind enough to dine with us almost every
day. I like them--they have no pride at all about them, and, to look
at them, you would not think they was worth a Lewy.

I take the advantage of a currier, who is in the Bureau here, and is
going over with despatches, just to tell you we are alive--if you
know anybody as wants an agreeable Rusin-hurby, do recommend our
house in M. P. I have no noose, but am your's unhalterably,


If you would like to see my dairy continued, I will send you some
sheets, which you may print or not, as you choose. Write and say _we
oo nong--wooley woo_?




  Eastey's Hotel, Common Garden, Oct., 1826.

DEAR B.,--It will no doubt be a surprise to you to hear that we are
back in London; we landed from a French batow at Hastings the day
before yesterday, after a long stay upon the continent. We were very
much impeded on landing by some sailors belonging to what I think
is very properly called the Blockhead service, who would not let my
daughters pass without looking all over them. Two men said they were
the customs there, which I thought very odd--one of them told us he
was Count Roller, but I did not believe him.

My second daughter Amelrosa has at last got a swan of her own, to
whom she is about to be united in the silken banns of Highman. I have
but one objection--he is a French Mounsheer, and do what I can they
talk so fast I cannot understand them: however, she _will_ have him,
nolus bolus, as the man says; and when once her mind is made up, she
is as resolute as the laws of the Maids and Parsons.

Mr. Rogers, the banker, (I know you know him,) came over with us in
the batow, and made many very odd remarks--one thing he said, at
which every body laughed, I could not tell why. My French footer
son-in-law asked him what the shore was called, which was close to
Hastings. "Close to Hastings," said Mr. Rogers, "why, Jane Shore, I
suppose." He is a very old-looking genus for a whig wag--Mr. Fulmer
said he put him in mind of Confusion, the old Chinee philosopher, who
was a Mandolin in them parts a year or two ago.

Hastings is a beautiful place to my mind; there is a long parade
close to the water, where you may see all the company bathing in the
morning like so many dukes. At one end is the place for the ladies,
and at the other you see all the gentlemen's machines a standing,
which are very properly kept at a great distance from the female
parts. The houses by the side of this are very nice, and reminded me
very much of French houses, with shops under them, only there are no
portes cochons.

We met an old friend of ours at Hastings, who wanted us to stop a
few days, but she was very conspicious, for she wore a black whale,
by way of petticoat, and she and her two daughters was all painted
both red and white in the morning, which had a very bad look; so
we said we was engaged, and came on as fast as we could--for I was
glad enough to get away from all the scurf and billies, which was a
roaring upon the bitch.

Where we are living now is in Southampton-street, and was the
house of Mr. Garrick, the author of "The School for Scandal," and
all Shakspeare's plays. The waiter tells us that Mr. Johnston, of
Covent-garden, and an old Goldsmith, of the name of Oliver, used very
often to dine with him in the very room in which I write this, and
that that excellent and amiable man, Sir George Beaumont, who, as you
know, wrote half Mr. Fletcher's works, and who is alive and merry at
this moment, used to dine here too--but that, I think, is a little
trow four,[14] for Garrick, I believe, has been dead more than two
hundred and fifty years.

I cannot let my house in Montague Place, because of the new
Universality in Gore Street--however, if I go and live there,
they say there will be a great many Bachelors in the College,
and perhaps I may get off one or two of my girls. I write this
while my French footer son-in-law is playing Macarty with his
Dulcimer Amelrosa--Macarty is, to my mind, little better than a bad
translation of all-fours into French; but above all, I cannot bare
to hear Mounsheer while he is a playing, for whenever he has got the
ace of spades in his hand, he talks of a part of Derbyshire which is
never mentioned in decent society not by no means whatsoever.

In Paris we saw Mr. Cannon, the Secretary of State, but without any
state at all--he was just like any other man--and as for his foreign
affairs, I saw none that he had--he was quite without pride--not at
all like Count Potto o' de Boggo, who is a great Plenipo there, and
struts about just as grand as the Roman Consols did, when they used
to have their Feces tied up in bundles and carried before them by
their Lickturs. I have no notion of paying such reverence to officers
of humane institution for my part, and I quite love Mr. Cannon for
his want of ostensibility.

We met with an uncommon unpleasant accident coming to town--one of
the horses, which was seized with the staggers, a disorder very like
St. Witulus's dance in men, broke his breeches in going down an ill,
which very nearly overturned the carriage, which we had hired at
Hastings; for of course we had no coach in the batow, and were glad
enough to catch a couple of flies even in this cold season, to convey
us to Tunbridge Wells, a place I had never seen before, and which is
like Cranburn Alley put out to grass--there are various ills about
the neighbourhood, which are named after Scripture, why I cannot
tell--we did not drink any of the waters, none of us being in any way

I think I have now taken leave of old Ossian for this season, at all
events; and as far as that goes, if I never see the briny dip again
I shall not fret, for though it is a very good thing to breed fish
in, I never want to be upon its billies any more. I hope to leave
this after Amelrosa is married, which will be soon, I suppose, and
the moment I do I will write again; meanwhile, if you like to drop in
to a tête-à-tête of six, we shall always be glad to see you; and so
believe me, dear B., yours very truly,


P.S.--I have some notion of taking a country house near London, but
am divided at present between Acteon and Corydon.




  Montague Place, Russell Square, Feb. 1, 1827.

DEAR B.,--You will be surprized at finding me back at the old
house--but we have not been able to get rid of it, so we have
resolved upon living in it till we can.

My second daughter, which married Monsheer Delcroy, is _on saint_,
which pleases him very much--he is quite a gentleman, and has
travailed all over Europe, and has seen all our allies (which means
the friendly Courts) upon the Continent--he knows Lord Burgos, which
is one of the Henvoys of England, and was chosen to make overtures
to some foreign king--I think it was a very good choice, if _I_ may
judge; for I heard one of his overtures the other night at a consort
in town, which was beautiful. My son-in-law also knows the Admirable
Sir Sidney Smith, what made such a disturbance in Long Acre many
years since, of which I cannot say I know the rights.

I met your friend, Mr. Rogers, last week at a party, and he made what
the French call a tambourine (I think)--there was a supper, and the
lady of the house, whose husband is a See captain, had some of the
veal on table which had been preserved in a pot, and carried out on
a pole by Captain Parry in his last voyage to Ireland, and when Mr.
Rogers heard what it was, he congratulated the lady that her husband
was appointed to a ship, for, says he, "I see, ma'am, he has got the
_Veal de Parry_!"--at which every body laughed--but I don't know
why, because the _Veal de Parry_ is a French word, and means the
Mephistopholis of France.

My son-in-law (number one, as I call him) Fulmer, which married
Lavy, is a Member of Parliament--he is put in by a great man, whose
name I cannot mention; he tells us a good deal of what they do in the
house--he says there are two sets on 'em in there, one is called the
Eyes and the other the Nose--the Eyes is the government side, because
they watch over the people; and the Nose is them as tries to smell
out something wrong--Mr. Calcraft, Mr. Broom, and Mr. Denman, and
them belongs to the Nose party.

But what I never knew before is, that there is a coffee-house and
a bar there--the gentleman which keeps the coffee-house is called
_Belly-me_, and he gives them their dinner. Fulmer says you may see
many a man who has a stake in the country taking his chop there; and,
because sobriety is considered a pint of decency, they never drink
more than a pint of wine with their vitals, which is very proper
indeed. This place has been famous for its beef-steaks ever since the
_rump_ Parliament. I believe the House of Lords pays for the dinners
of the House of Commons, for I see they very often carry up their
bills to them.

There is another strange thing, which is, that the Speaker has no
voice, which I think very droll indeed--but what is more curious
still, is, that ladies are never admitted to see the representation,
as it is called; but sometimes they come and peep through the
venterlater, which is a hole in the top to let out the smell, and so
hears the speeches that way.

Talking of Mr. Broom; only think! our famous Hay-Tea Company being
resolved after all--I got some shares, because I saw Mr. Broom's name
to it, and because it was to do away with slavery in China, where
the present tea comes from. I have lost a lump of money by _that_,
and have been very unfortunate all through with these Joint Company
peculations. Lavy has got three Real del Monte shares worth 110
premiums--those _I_ had, I believe, were not _real_ ones at all, for
I never got anything whatsoever by them.

Only think, Sir, of poor Mr. Prince Tollyrang being knocked down
while he was attending as chambermaid to the King, at Sandennie.
They have got a joke now in France, my son-in-law (Number too,
as I calls him) told me yesterday--They say, "il a reprit ses
Culottes"--Culottes are things which the Popish Priests wear upon
their heads; and the joke turns upon the difference between the
culottes and soufflets, which are amulets of eggs, of which I once
before wrote to you, from the other side of Old Ossian.

I should tell you that my Bowfeeze (as he calls himself) Delcroy, is
learning English very fast, but he will not do it the wriggler way,
but gets his Dicks and Harries, and so puzzells out every word. We
had a great laugh against him the other day--

He was a coming home through St. Giles's (which is the only way to
this), and there was two women a fighting in the street, and Delcroy
he stood listening to hear what it was all about; but doose a word
could he make out, till at last one of the women gave the other,
what the fighters call a Flora, and she tumbled down, and then the
friends of her agonist called out "Well done Peg," which Delcroy
got into his head, and come home all the way, a saying to himself,
"Well--done--Peg;" quite dissolved to find out what it meant, in he
comes--up stairs he goes--down comes his Dicks and Harries, and out
he finds the words--

First, he finds "Well"--an evacuation made in the earth to find water;

Next he finds "Dun"--a colour betwixt black and brown;

And last he finds "Peg"--a wooden nail.

Oh! then to hear him rave and swear about our Lang Anglay--it was
quite orrible--for he knew well enough, with all his poking and
groping, that that could not be the meaning; so now, whenever he
begins to try his fine scheme, my girls (little toads) run after him
and cry out "Well done Peg!"

I wish you would drop in and see us--we are all in the family way
here; but my two youngest daughters play very pretty--one they say
has as much execution as Muscles on the piano-forte, or Key-sweater
on the fiddle; they play the late Mr. Weaver's overture to Obrien
uncommon well as a do-it; the Roundo is very difficult they tell
me--indeed I know it must be a beautiful piece of music, because they
have printed FINE in large letters at the end of it.

But I waist too much of your time--do come and take your tea with
us--we live a good deal out of the way, but when you get down to the
bottom of Oxford-street, ask anybody, and they will tell you which
road to take--it is all lighted at night here, and watched just like
London--do come.

  Adoo, yours, truly,




  Montague Place, Bedford Square,
  May 18, 1827.

DEAR B.,--I am quite in a consternation--you are no longer a
supporter of Government, and I am--indeed several ladies of my
standing down in these parts have determined to stick to the Canine
Administration, which you oppose. Mr. Fulmer takes in the _Currier_,
and the _Currier_ supports them--besides, he knows the Duke of
Deafonshire, and so we cannot help being on their side.

You did not, perhaps, expect so soon to see Lord Doodley in place,
nor fancy Mr. Turney would be Master of the Mint, or else you would
not have been again Mr. Canine--for I know you like Lord Doodley,
and you always praise Mr. Turney.

Between you and me, I do not quite understand why they should have so
much Mint in the Cabinet as to want a man to look after it, when they
have no Sage there, nor do I see how our Statesmen can get into a
Cabinet to sit--to be sure, the French Minister sits in a bureau, and
one is quite as easy to get into as the other. I see by Mr. Canine's
speeches, that the King (God bless him!) sits in a closet, which is
much more comfortable, I think.

Fulmer tells me that Mr. Broom's brother is the Devil, and gets six
or seven hundred a year by it--I always understood he was related to
the family, but never knew how, till Mr. Canine's people got him a
place at Court, which I think very wrong, only I must not say so.

I was very near in a scrape on Monday. I went down to Common Garden
to buy some buckets for my Popery jars, out of which I empty the
Popery in summer, and put in fresh nosegays, being a great votery of
Floorar--when who should be there but Mr. Hunt, and Mr. Cobbett, and
Mr. Pitt, the last of which gentlemen I thought had been dead many
years; indeed I should not have believed it was him, still alive,
only I heard Mr. Hunt call for his Old Van, which I knew meant the
President of our Anti-Comfortable Society in Tattenham-court-road,
who is a Lord now, and was a friend of Mr. Pitt's before he retired
from public life into the Haddlefy.

Mr. Hunt told us a thing which I never knew before, which is, that
the pavement of Common-garden is made of blood and prespiration,
which is so curious that my two little girls and I are going down
Toosday to look at it--after hearing him say that, I got away, but
had my pocket picked of some nice young inions, which I had just
before bought.

Mr. Fulmer does not know I am riting to you, but I do rite because I
think it rite to do so, to warn you not to say that Mr. Canine has
gone away from what he was formerly--for I know as a fact that it
was _he_ which christened his present friends "all the talons," and
rote a pome in praise of them, which he would not have done had he
not thought eyely of them.

It is not true that he is going to make any new Pears, although
his anymes says so. Mr. Russell, of Branspan, I have known all my
life--he smokes more than his coles, and don't want to be a Lord at
all; and as for Mr. Bearing, he is a _transit land take_ man, and
cannot be a Lord here--at least so F. tells me. However, I think Sir
George Warrener will be a Barren something, let what will happen
elsewhere. I see, however, Mr. Canine has made both Plunkett and
Carlile Lords, and given all the woods and forests to the latter.

You see I begin to pick up the noose--_awnter noo_, as the French
say, have you seen our village clock in St. Giles's--it is lited up
by itself every heavening, at hate o'clock; and on account of its
bright colour, may be red at any hour of the nite: it is, indeed, a
striking object; if you should be able to get out of town, do drive
down this way and look at it.

Only think of these Mr. Wakefields being put into gaol for three
years for marrying a young woman--I suppose there is no chance of her
being confined in consequence of her going with them. Have you heard
Madame Toeso? is she any relation to Miss Foote? My papa is full, and
so'il hold no more, so adeu.

  Yours truly,

P.S.--Have you read Sir Ruffian Donkey's Pumpflet about Lord




  August, 1827.

DEAR B.,--I wish you would please to say something about them nasty
men what smokes about. I took my daughter to Market last week in the
_Columbine_ packet, and there not only did the ship smoke, but almost
every man had either a pipe or a seagar in his mouth.

I made a little fox pos on board, for I was so sick of the smoking
that one of the men said I had better go and sit with the engineers,
for let it be ever so hot they were used to it and never smoked. Now
when we was living on Blackheath, poor Mr. Ram used to ask several
of the engineers to dine with us, which always come in a pretty
uniform of scarlet, with blue velvet facings, and which I knowed to
be a genteel corpse, because there were not no men in it, but all
officers. So I asked the gentlemen who talked of the engineers to
show me the way to them, thinking perhaps I might see some of my old
friends down there, but when I got into the place, which was like a
firnest, what should I see but two or three men without their coats,
with airy caps on their heads and dirty faces, a shovelling in coles
like anything--and when I come down they laughed at me and asked if
I wanted to be roasted. I soon found out they was different people
from what I thought, and a gentleman who helped me up out of the hole
were they was a grubbing, told me the difference was that the dirty
men were civil engineers, which I could by no means agree to--for I
thought them uncommon rude.

When I got up stairs again, I was sick of the smoking, and so I
went into the cabin, where there were more smokers--in short, dear
B., whether I travels by land or by water, still I am smoked to
death--it is a most horrid custom, and, perhaps, if you notice
it, some on 'em will leave it off. I will rite again when we are
settled.--Yours truly,





  Montague Place, Dec. 28, 1827.

DEAR B.,--I never like to fail writing to you at this season, but I
don't like puttin you to the expense of postage; and yet, when I hear
of any thing peakant, I wish to send it you.

You must know that me and all the gulls have taken to making
knundrums, as they call them, and what we can't make, we collex. We
got the idear from having purchased some of the hannual perodicals. I
boght the Omelet, and Lavinia boght the Bougie, and they set us upon
putting knundrums into our Albions.

It being Christmas, and it coming but once a year, I have sent you
some of ours, which perhaps you won't print, but may serve to make
you laugh.

What three letters spell Archipelago--(what that is I don't know; but
this is the answer)--E. G. and C.

Why is a man about to put his father in a sack like a traveller on
his way to a city in Asia?--Because he is going to _Bag Dad_.

Why is a child with a cold in its head like a winter's
night?--Because "it blows, it snows."--(nose, you know.)

Why is the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland like a man inquiring what
o'clock it is?--Because he is _as King_ for the time.

If a pair of spectacles could speak, what author would they
name?--Eusebius--(You see by us.)

Why is a flourishing landlord sure to have plenty of
relatives?--Because he must have _Ten-ants_.

What are the best shoes for wet weather?--_Pumps._

Why is a sermon on board ship like Sir Edward Codrington's red
ribband?--Because it is a _deck oration_.

Why is a very little devil sitting on the top of a cow-house like a
man who has squandered all his property?--Because he is _Imp over a

What sea would one wish to be in on a rainy night?--_A dry attic._

Why is a libeller in Newgate like a traveller who has caught a
rheumatism at a bad inn?--Because he suffers for lying in damp sheets!

Why is a gentleman in a Calais packet on a stormy day, like a
gentleman sailing in part of the Mediterranean?--Because he is
amongst the _Cyclades_.

Why are glass coaches so plentiful in London?--Because they are
without number.

When is a door not a door?--When it is _a-jar_.

When is it more than a door?--When 'tis _to_!

Why is the root of the tongue like a dejected man?--Because it is
_down in the mouth_!

Why is a hired landau not a landau?--Because it is a _landau let_!

Why is a lean Monarch constantly worrying himself?--Because he is
always _a thin king_!

Why is a Tragedy a more natural performance in a theatre than a
Comedy?--Because the boxes are always in _Tiers_!

Why is Parliament-street like a compendium?--Because it goes to _a

If all the alphabet were invited to dinner, why could they not all
accept the invitation?--Because six of them come after T.

Why is a boy doing his first sums like a serpent erect?--Because he
is an _adder-up_!

And last, dear Mr. B. (which I will not tell you),

Why am I like a sheep's tail?

  Yours always,

_Note._--Several of the above, with all respect to our dear friend
Dorothea, are extracted from that excellent paper the _Berkshire
Chronicle_, and others from a small book called "D'ye give it up?"
sold at a Charitable Bazaar, established at Kensington.





  Cheltenham, April 11, 1828.

MY DEAR B.,--I have been prevented writing you of late; two of my
youngest daughters have had the mizzles, which has been succeeded by
a cough and considerable expectation, but I have changed my doctor,
and shall do uncommon well now. The last person, who fancies himself
a second Hippocrite, had the impotence to say my girls had a low
fever--girls brought up as they have been, like duchesses--so I said
nothing; but when he called again, I was denied to him and sent for
his arrival; and we are all going on well, and keep up our spirits

A regiment is I believe the best thing after all; for I have just
discovered that Shakspeare, the mortal bird, as my son calls him,
died of indisgestion, which I did not know till my new doctor told
me so; he said, that poor Shakspeare was quite destroyed by common
tato's, which must have been some coarse sort of the root in use in
his time; and the doctor also told me, that he was attended by a
Doctor Johnson and a Mr. Stevens; but I thought to myself, too many
cooks spoil the broth; and even my medical said he thought he would
have done better if they had left him alone. What made us talk about
the great swain of Avon was my saying I thought She Stoops to Conquer
a very droll play.

My son-in-law has bought a beautiful picture, a Remnant undoubted;
it is as black as your hat, and shines like a tea tray, and is
considered, as indeed it is, what the French call, a _shade over_
of that great master; he has also bought a jem of considerable
vallew; he says it is an antic of a dancing fawn, but it looks to me
like a man with a tail, a jumping. He has got several very curious
things at shops here; but he goes poking his nose into all the oles
and corners for curiosities, and sometimes gets into sad scrapes;
he is a French Mounsheer, you recollect; and at one of the sails
he scraped acquaintance with a young dandy-looking man with dark
musquitos on his lips, which we had seen every morning a drinking
the waters regularly, and so we let him walk and talk with us; and
at last we was told that he was no better than he should be, and had
been convicted of purgery, which I did not think so great a crime,
considering where we was; however, he is gone away, which I am glad

I told you my son-in-law was a French Mounsheer, but I did not know
till the other day that he was in the army, for he has been so sly
as never to mention it; but I saw one of his letters from his elder
brother, and in the direction he called him Cadet, which after all is
no very high rank, you know. I should, however, have very much liked
to have seen the boys from the Miliary Asslum march to the Surrey
Theatre; it must have been a beautiful site; I suppose they got leave
through the Egerton General's office.

Have you read Lord Normandy's _Yes or No_, or Mr. Liston's _Herbert
Lacy_? I should think it must be very droll, he is such a droll
cretur himself; and pray tell me if you have heard any news from
Portingal of the Don. Major Macpherson calls him Don _M'Gill_, and
Captain O'Dogherty calls him Don _My jewel_--how do you pronounce
it? I am told Lord Doodley used to call him, while he was in London,
_My gull_.

There is not much stirring here; the good effect of the waters is
quite aperient in our family; we are all mending, and exorcise
ourselves for four hours at a time on what is called the well walk,
which is a different place from the sick walk, which is entirely for
the innphaleeds. Lavinia has got hold of a book called _Bookarchy_,
containing the lives of a hundred Knights, she says; but she won't
shew it to her sisters as is not yet marred; it is translated out of
a foren tongue by a Mr. D. Cameron; all the Scotch is very clever.

Mr. Fulmer is going to Hauksvut next term, to be made a Doctor of
Laws. He says he shall be away only two days, but I doubt its being
over so soon, because he told me himself it must be done by degrees.
After he is made a Doctor, he says he means to practise; but I told
him I thought he had better practise first, in order to understand
what he has to do afterwards. A friend of his came here to see him
from Hauksvut College, who I thought was a clergyman by his dress;
but I found out, by what Mr. Fulmer told me, that it was an old lady
in disguise, for he said she was Margaret Professor, and he even
went so far as to call her a Divinity, which to me did seem uncommon
strange. However, there is no understanding these scholars; for it is
not more than a fortnight since, that Fulmer told me he expected a
brazen-nosed man to dinner, and when the gentleman came, his nose was
just like other people's: so I suppose it was to surprise Lavinia,
who was reading a work on Nosology at the very time.

You will be pleased to hear that I have let my house in Montague
Place, unfurnished with conveniences, for three hundred and
twenty pounds a-year, besides taxis; and I have skewered a very
nice residence in the Regent's Park, within ten doors of the
Call-and-see-um where the portrait of St. Paul is to be exhibited,
and where I hope you will visit us; my two youngest, which is
a-shooten up, is uncommon anxious to know you, now they have made
their debutt into saucyity. The young one is a feline cretur as ever
trod shoe leather. The other is more of an orty crackter, with very
high spirts. They are indeed quite Theliar and Molpomona of the

If you should run down here before we leave for town, pray come and
take pot-luck, which is all we can offer you at Cheltenham. You must
take us as you find us: we are all in the family way, and, as you
know, delighted to see our friends, without any ceremony.

Do right, dear B., and send us the noose; for really the old Engines
who are here for their health look so billyus, that without something
to enliven us, we should get worse instead of better.

  Ajew, ever yours,




  Hastings, July 8, 1828.

DEAR B.,--Here we are, after a short tower to Dip in France, in the
esteem packet the _Tarbut_--my fourth has been mylad, as the French
say, and was recommended a little voyage, and she picked up an old
bow, which talked to her in French, and called her a belley spree,
which I thought was impotence, but Lavinia said no, and reminded me
of judy spree, which is another gallowsism, as they style them--but
why they call this place green and young Hastings, which is old and
brown, I don't know--they are going, however, to move it about a mile
nearer Bexhill, to the stone where William the Third landed when he
had conquered the Normans--our old bow said it was a capital sight
for a town; but as yet I couldn't see much, although everybody is
taking the houses before they are built.

We was a-staying with a couzen of mine near Lewis, before we crossed
the sea--he is married, and has a firm hornee, which his wife calls
a Russen hurby, it is so close to the town, and yet so uncommon
rural--the sheep he has, is called marinos, because it is near the
sea; and their wool is so fine that they fold them up every night,
which I had no notion of--they have two sorts of them, one, which
they call the fine weather mutton, stays out all night, I believe,
and the other doesn't. But the march of intellect is agoing on, for
the dirty boys about the farm-yard, they told me, are sent to Harrow,
and the sheep themselves have their pens found them every night; what
to do I don't know, and I never like to ask--at Battle, where there
is an old abbé living--we did not see him--they have built a large
chapel for the Unicorns; I scarcely know what sex they are--I know
the Whistling Methodists, because when Mr. Ram and I was young we
used to go to the meetin, and hear them preach like anything--there's
a great deal of religion in Sussex of one sort and another.

My eldest, Mrs. Fulmer, has come here for her a-coach-man--Fulmer
wishes it may be a mail, because what they have already is all gurls;
if it hadn't been for that, I should have gone to Mrs. Grimsditch's
soreye at Hackney last week, when I was to have been done out as
Alderman Wenables, but I was obliged to be stationary here. I was
so sorry to see in the noosepapers that when the Lord High Admiral
exhibited his feet on the 18th of June, Maria Wood was dressed up so
strange; they said that after she had been painted, and some part of
her scraped clean from duck weed, they tied flags to her stays, and
put a Jack into her head, which I think quite wrong, because them
Jacks is uncommon insinuating.

I see that in Portingal Don Myjewel has got three estates, but they
cannot be very grand ones, if they produces only a crown; however,
I don't know what they mean in that country, only as they call him
real, I suppose he is the rightful king--I don't henvy him, Mr.
B.--there's many happier than them as sets upon thorns, though they
be gilded ones.

We met one of the Engines here from Cheltenham--he talks of returning
to some friend of his in Hingy, I think he called him Ben Gall. I
know he spoke very familiar of him. He has been at Stinkomalee, in
Sealong, and at the Island of Malicious, where a gentleman of the
name of Paul killed himself with Virginia. Our Engine said he was
at Malicious and at Bonbon at the time of the Conquest, which my
Trusler's Crononhotonthologos tells me was in the year 1072, which
makes his old appearance not surprising--he is very antick indeed--he
says he shall go out in a China ship, which sounds to me very
venturesome, but I suppose he knows what he is about--he is going to
Bombay, he tells us, to buy cotton, but that, between you and me, is
nonsense, because if that was all, why could he not go to Flint's, in
Newport-market, where they sells every sort of cotton, all done up in
nice boxes ready for use?

One thing I heard about hunting while I was at the Firm Hornee which
I thought shocking. There is a Squire Somebody which keeps a pack of
beadles, and there is ever so many of them--and they sleep in the
kennell every night, and a man is paid to whip them into it--but that
is not the worst--they feed them upon humane flesh. You would not
scarce credit this, but I heard my cousin say that he wondered this
hot weather did not hurt the dogs, for that they had nothing to feed
on but the Graves.--Do just touch them up for this--I am sure they
deserve it.

That selection for member of Parliament in Clare is very strange,
isn't it? Our old bow tells us that O'Connell can't take his place
because he won't swear against transportation, for he says it is one
thing for a Papist to stand and another for him to sit, which _enter
noo_ I could have told _him_--however, he says he thinks O'Connell
will go to the Pigeon House strait from the selection. Of course I
did not like to ask what he wanted to do in such a place as a Pigeon
House, and so the conversation dropped; indeed, the bow (as we call
him) told us such a strange story about Mr. O'Connell's getting to
the top of a pole the first day, and keeping up there for four days
afterwards, that I begin to think he tells tarrydiddles sometimes.
He is very agreeable though, and I believe he is rich, which is the
mane point when one has gurls to settle. He is always a making French
puns, which he calls cannon balls,[15] but I never shall be much of a
parley vous, I did not take to it early enough.

We expect the Duke of Clarence to review the Blockhead service on
this coast, which will make us uncommon gay. He will visit the
_Ramlees_, which Captain Piggut commands, at Deal, and the _Epergne_,
Captain Maingay's ship, at New Haven. I should like to go to
Brighton, but Fulmer is afraid of movin his better half while she is
so illdisposed, and expectin every minute; however, when that is over
we shall, I dare say, go to London, and hope to see you in our new
house. If you come here we shall delight in seeing you; but I believe
you like London, and never leaves the bills of morality, if you can
help it. Adoo, dear B. They all sends their loves.


P.S.--You write sometimes about the Niggers, and abuse them--depend
upon it they are uncommon mischievous even here; for my couzen told
me that the Blacks had got all his beans--I only gives this as an




  Hastings, Aug. 4, 1828.

DEAR B.,--It is all over--Lavy is as well as can be expected--she was
put to bed with a gull, which sadly disappointed Fulmer, who was very
desirous of having a sun and air. We have had another burth in our
family, of which I says nothing--the dennymang of that fox paw[16]
has been uncommon unpleasant; however, when such things happen to
females, they must grin and bear them, as the saying goes.

We have found out who our old bow is: he is the Count Narly, a
French mounsheer of high rank, and acquainted with Prince Pickle and
Mustard, the gentleman who was at the haughtycultural breakfast with
Mrs. Wise, the day she was so silly as to try to drown herself in a
bason--if it had not been that one of the Human Society had picked
her up, she must have been a lost cretur--Fulmer calls her a diving
bell, but I'm sure I don't know why.

Count Narly is very conversible, only he talks all in French--Fulmer
says that he is too much of a hegoatist, and that all his nannygoats
are about himself. He is acquainted with Mr. Brunel, who has put his
toenail under the river Thames, who has asked him to visit him in

I was very glad to see some partitions in Parlyment against
sutties--the sooner they does away with the poor little climbing boys
the better--no wonder they burn themselves sometimes--and I see it is
just the same in Hingy, although one wouldn't think they wanted fires

As soon as ever Lavy gets about we are going to Brighton to drink the
water, which some gentlemen there makes for the use of inphalids--it
is uncommon curious how they do it; but I'm told that you may get
there the Side-shoots and the Side-lights, and the Carls bad water,
(I don't know if they have any of that sort, good,) and the Spawn
water, and the Arrowgate, and Matchlock, and Hems, and Gentleman
salts; indeed, any sort you like to ask for--however, I don't think
I shall like Brighton much in this summer wether, they tell me there
are so many flies about. The 10th Huzzas are also there, which I
want very much to see--the foot regimen is moved from there, in
consequence, I suppose, of the quarrel between our King and Don
M'cgill, and, from all I can make out of it, a very silly quarrel it
is. Last year or so we were all going to loggerheads because one man
liked Turkey better than Grease, and now we are to have a blow up
because they cannot decide whether Port or Madeira should be opened
first--I have no patience with such stuff. I think if folks are to
quarrell, women is a better thing to quarrell about than wine, and so
the Autograph of Russia and the Grand Senior think, for they, I see,
are fighting about two of the fair secks, Bess Harabia, and Moll Davy.

There has been some dreadful wether here; the other evening, as I was
sitting at my twilight, preparing to go to bed, the eclectic fluid
looked quite awful, and the winds blowd tremendous; indeed the raging
of the elephants was terrific; two gentlemen were upset in a boat,
and obleeged to swim ashore in their He-meeses; at least that is what
I supposes French for shirts, because what the ladies wear they call
She-meeses; however, such has been the reign that it has come down
in Torrens, and if our Bows had not provided themselves with Duck
Trousers and Pumps, I don't know what they would have done.

The Secretairer of the Treasury is down here; he lives by Fire-light
in this nayborhood--I suppose he come from the West Hinges, for they
tell me he is a Planter as well as a Hempee, which Fulmer says he is.

I have heard a new comehumdrum, which is a very fashionable
amusement here--"Why is the gravy of a leg of pork the best gravy in
the world?"--"Because there's no Jews like it." I do not know where
the joke is, only I spose there is one. I have hardly any thing to
say, only I thought you would like to hear of Lavy's acoachman, and
our prospect of removal from this place, which is not at all to my

  Yours always, dear B.,




  Oct. 1828.

MY DEAR B.,--We are at length arrived in the subbubs of London. Since
crowds of people have been collected at the Traitor's and Restorers
in Regent-street, I am afraid to date this, lest the folks should
come to look at us--but you can easily find out the redress at
Fulmer's hothell.

We came last from Margate, which to my mind is far prefferible to
Briton. At Briton you have always the great bright sparkling Ossian
surfeiting the jingle from morning till night, enough to put one's
eyes out, and drive one deaf--at Margate there is a beautiful arbour,
in which there is no water whatsomever for twelve hours out of
every twenty-four, which affords the curos observer a full view of
Ossian's bottom: besides, instead of nasty hard jingle and stones,
it is all beautiful blue mud, the sight of which, added to the smell
of the juice from the gash works above, reminds one of the dear
Mephistopholis, to the neighbourhood of which we have returned.

Then the Peer at Margate is quite a different thing from the
jigumaree, swing swang, jinkum linkum thing at Briton. At Margate
it is all fixed--built of white stone, and painted pee-green on the
inside, which makes it look quite beautiful; besides, at Briton you
see nothing partiklur on the Chain-peer but the sea, and the company,
and the clifts, and the vessels; but at Margate, besides all the
predestinarians a walking, you have stage coaches, flies, waggons,
cars, and sociables, ready to take you all over the country, not to
speak of carts a fetching coals out of the arbour, and men at the
Jetty a bringing in fish alive out of the sea.

The Marine Libray, at Margate, is a beautiful building, with two
windows in front, and a wooden gallery at the back of the shop,
over the mud--there's nothing in Briton to equal that--and as to
the King's statute, by Shantry, what is it to the beautiful image
of Nipchune, the great sea god, in black, nailed up again the gable
end of the marine, just a going to spear an eel as natural as life.
Then the streets--snug and comfortable--none of your great straggling
prades or esplanades--no--pleasant retreats, where opposite
neighbours can shake hands without leaving their rooms--this is quite
agreeable; it is always shady, and besides, it creates an intrust, as
Mr. Fulmer says, when strolling along a street not to know on which
side of the way one is walking.

The church here is beautiful--not like Briton, stuck down in a vally;
it is up on the top of the hil, so that one is half way to heaven
before one is a quarter of the way to the church; howsumever, the
Galls can see it from Callous if they look sharp, that's one thing.
The stone it is made of, is got out of the bath.

The great hotel at Margate is called House, and is situated in
Chisel-square--a most splendid hairy, something like Salsbury-square
in Fleet-street, only not quite so munificent; here they have luckily
succeeded in getting rid of the sea altogether; indeed they have been
very fortunate in their attempts in many other places. One of my
neices is agoing to open a semenary here, in which I hope she will
suckseed; at present she has several pupils in her eye--at least she
tells _me_ so, but Mr. Fulmer says she can have but one--so I suppose
she phibbs.

The baths here are uncommon agreeable; they are not like the baths
at Briton, great staring houses, but nice little low rooms, like the
cabins of packets, with a railed place behind where you wait till the
water comes in to the arbour, of which I spoke before; but it is not
there always punctual at the same time, which is a grate boar; to
be sure the ships does lie nice and easy with their bottoms in the
mud, and the sailors quite quiet aboard, with all their cabals on
the shore. Some very spirted gentleman has dug some baths out of the
cliff, with a music room under ground quite subtraining, with a way
for the donkies to go down to it, without stares; the view of Ossian
from a hole cut in the chork is very rheumatic: Fulmer says the
digging them holes is a very wise way of sinking a capital. I hope it
will anser.

At Briton the grate libray used to be kept by Donald's son, whoever
he was; the grate libray at Margate is kept by Betty's son, whoever
_she_ is, for they dont tell us their sirnames; it is a large room,
quite snug and away from the sea, in a square called Horley--very
different from Hawley on the way to Briton. At _that_ Hawley Mr.
Pickhisnails keeps the hin, has a fine booshy head of air, sleeps
in top boots, and paints the stems of his trees sky blew for
huniformity's sake. In the Horley-square at Margate, there are,
besides Betty's sons, some uncommon nice boring houses, where a lady
can live genteel and comfortable, without washing, for a jenny and a
half a week.

Onion Crescent is near this, and is reckoned very pleasant, and so it
is. There is no glare in Margate, to hurt the eyes. The houses look
always upon the bax of others, which keeps away the son in summer,
and the wind in winter. I know at Briton we was very much troubled
with the wind when we lived on the Marrying Prade--at Margate it is
quite different.

Fulmer, who is what is called a geehologist, says there is much
amusement to be found amongst the Clifts. He talks of finding
his sisters and taking his quarts, of which I never heard him
speak afore, and he told us the other day that he had dug up some
bedlamites. What he has done with them I dont know. The things he
shewed me were, I believe, only their finger nails--they looked just
like it.

With respect to the bathing, it is much more descent than at Briton,
for the machines here have yawnings over them, by which means nobody
can see one, however much they looks. We went to visit Dandelion,
once a public garden. They say the place took its name from a lion's
tooth; I'm sure I have heard something very unlike _that_, if it is
what _I_ mean.

We came away from this trestial parodice in the _Harlequin_ steamer,
and a large party we was: it was uncommon agreeable, only there was
what is called a swell, which did not agree with the buttered toast,
red herrings, honey, eggs, and tea, which we tuck as a remedy agin
sickness. Mr. Fulmer said we had rolls as well as tost for breakfast,
which made a thin gentleman in a white hat, which sot oposite us,
laugh very much.

I did not go upon dick after heaten, but I heard them talk of seeing
a great many boys about in the water; one was a boy with a horse, and
another a boy with the bacon on his head. One of the first they saw,
they said was the last, which seemed nonsense to me. However, they
said there was several Spaniards a swimming near the pacquet, so I
would not let my young ones go up.

To be sure, what phibbs travellers do tell--we was a talking of the
great exhibition of the gurney to London by steam, when a gentleman
told us, looking as grave as a gudge, that he and his father had
made the Rickulvers in an hour and a quarter, after leaving the Noah
light that day week: of course I said nothing--but I was certain
as I was of being alive and living, that neither the gentleman nor
his father had anything to do with making the Rickulvers, which I
myself saw three and twenty years ago--and to make them in an hour
and a quarter! However, everybody seemed to believe him--I only
asked what profession he was of, and they told me he was imminent in
the Tayloring line. That settled it--"Two tailors," as the French
says--the very highdea of their talking of making the Rickulvers just
as they would a pair of pantaloons--and them they could not make in
an hour and a quarter, binding, button-holes and all, I'm sure.

When we got into smooth water, I went upstairs to see Noah's light,
and there I saw the ark, with the lantern, and I believe Noah himself
a walking up and down the dick. I asked one of the sailors if the men
which was walking was never changed, and he said, every four hours;
but that the man we saw, had been there ever since the flood--which
convinced me. We saw from this, Sheerness with a river, which is
Midway between Margate and town, and is called so.

I was very glad when the water was smooth, for I hate the big bellows
a rolin, and so I told the gentleman in the airy cap which turns
the wheel about--and he said we should have found it much ruffer if
we had not come overland. This puzzled me, because I thought we was
coming by sea all the time I was below, it bumped me about so--but
he persisted in what he said, and moreover said something very
disrespectful of the people of the place we had left, which he called
the Margate flats. Everything seemed to clear up as we proceeded;
we had Lee church on our wether bow, as the gentleman told me--the
waters were called Hopes, and the sands were blithe--and we was all
golly and uncommon hungary--so down we went to wait till the dinner
came, which was some nice bile mutton and turnips with caper sauce,
which occupied me all the way from a little above Tilbury Furt to
Erin, which looks just as green as Mr. More, the pote, says it is.

At Gravesend we took in a gentleman, who gave us an account of the
Grand Signior having sent out a fireman against the Roosians, which
was a gettin beat by the Turkeys--however, as we was to go ashore
at Grinnage, we had no time for pollyticks, having in course to
look up the bundles and ban-boxes. Lavy went by land, on account of
her child, and her misfortunes was greater than ores, for she left
her black silk riddykel in the coch, containing the best part of a
bottle of O de Goalong, a salmon-coloured neck handkycher, and a
pair of nice yellow tan gloves--her brother went all the way to the
Bare coach office in Pickadilly the next morning, but could hear no
tidings on 'em.

When we come opposite the Horsespittle at Grinnage, we got into a
boat and landed just by the Ship, which smelt of frying fish as
ousel. I think if I had not committed an indiscretion with the bile
leg of mutton, we should have been tempted to stop and have some
stoodells and whatasujet--as it was, we got into our domstic, a
carriage so called, and proceeded by Peckham and Cammerwell home.

I shall write again soon.--I am to be presented to the Quin of
Portingal--the Countess of Itabagpipes was known to some of Fulmer's
cousins in the brass heel country, which is the reason she wishes
me to lend her my counting-house and purtection; so, one day next
week I shall go in by the Stockwell stage, and visit the Court in
Arlington-street. As for Jennyfluxion, I hope her Majesty will excuse
me, for though poor Chunee, I remember, used to do it at Exeter
Change, if I was once to get down upon my kneeses I am quite sure I
never could git up again--but I shall communicate in a private billy
with Lady Bagpipes on the subject.

Lavy desires her best love--Fulmer is as proud as a Pig-hog of his
little gull, and my unmarried ones quite as unspohastickated as
ever--there _was_ a gentleman at Margate did give the youngest a
sort of tittilation of the heart, and she had only two helps of beef
and one plate of soup at dinner for three days in consequence of
her tinder felings, but he went off in the _Ramona_ the morning it
carried passengers greatass, and so did my girl's infection for him,
and the next day she sung "I've been roaming," and took to her vitals
just as if nothing had happened.--Adjou.





  January 25, 1829.

DEAR B.,--I write to you on a bizziness of some consequence to me--I
have been applied to by some of the first jenny asses of the day to
colic my lettuce into one volume, and publish them: so I spoke to my
sun in law Fulmer, who has offered to hedit them, and put notes to
them, which I at first thought meant setting them to mewsick, which I
by no means wanted, although he offered to do it grateass. He has now
explained his meanun, and I am going to get Mr. Golburn to print them
in a doodecimus book, with a prefass and portrait, to be done from a
Minotaur by Causeway, which is reckoned the himmige of me when I was
a gull, and for wich Mr. Ram. paid Mr. Causeway, (quite a Minotaur of
a man himself,) fifty jinnies.

You know I never rot to anybody but you, although some impotent
parsons have dared to call themselves the hawthurs of my lettus.
There is one of them squarecap fellows belonging to the Magdalen at
Hauksfut--which they say lives upon Ices--he says he rot some of
them, and one at Eating College says _he_ helped me, and another,
a bare blockhead whose name I never heard afore, goes about and
says _he_ rot 'em for me. He had better mind his tye pigs, and
adjustments, and dews and surplices, I can tell him, for all his
tong runs so glebe; for I never sot eye on him, nor he on me, as I
nose of--however, I am dissolved upon publishing them out and out.
Mr. Golburn wants them to come out in sheets, but I dont think that
quite _come ill fo_.

There is a moneyment of two old gentlemen who were my Aunt's sisters,
in a church in Lincumshire, done by Mr. Ruebellyache the great
Sculpture, which was admired by the late Mr. Noddlecums, whose
life has been published by his Taylor, and which cuts him up, sure
enough--I should like to have the view of this family Muzzleheum
in the book, if I could get it done in the new fashioned style of
Lithotomy, because it shoes all the harms of our family, Lions
sergeants, and the Lions parsons, and the Lions ramping, with the
shiverings and mullets, and argents, and oars, and sables, and gulls,
and all that, which we bore ever since William the Conqueror came
over with Quin Mary, of hoom, no doubt, you have read.

My Mr. Ramsbottom's family, although very good, is not connected with
that of the Hempee for Winsor, which family is eyely respectable
in their whey, and quite sillybratted for bruin the bear, wich is
so patternized in the neighbrood. Mr. Fulmer says, my dear Mr.
Ram is quite a different ramification, but he thinks if you would
just reckumend us to the Biblepole (I think he calls Mr. Goulburn)
he could make three volums out of my letters, what letters I have
received, his own notes, and all the notes the gals has got by way
of orthographs, and a dairy, which my dear Mr. Ram kept till the day
before he did.

I took my two eldest unmarried, the other day, to Mr. Devil's in
the Strand, to be felt--they call him Mr. De Feel, but he spells it
Deville, and calls _himself_ Mr. De Huile--he is a Hoyl-man and a
great proffessor of what is called _Free-knowledgey_[17]--he shewed
us the head of Sterne, which wrote many books, and also that of Sir
Eyes-ache Newton, the great astrologer--he says I have the largest
number one he ever saw, and when I cum away he sneered, and bid me
take care of number one, as if everybody didn't do that without _his_
telling.--He wanted to put a plaster on my head, and smear my face
with some of his lampile, and stick squills up my nose, and take what
he called a cast of my Hosfrontis--but I would not have none of his
manoovers with me, and I was very well pleased when I found myself
out of the shop.

Only think, Mr. B., of Lord Angelseye coming home--he is left tenant
of the castle no longer. Mr. Fulmer says he is like a hair which
gives up doubling when it takes to turning. I am quite sorry to think
what a state he must be in. Miss Biffin, or Billy Bowldish, the
corpulent gentleman who used to bump himself along the streets in a
band-box, an't nothing to compare with him. His Lordship told the
people of Ireland that he had left his _heart_ with _them_. Fulmer
says, before he said _that_, he must have lost his _head_, and I seed
one of his _legs_ buried at Whataloo--of course, after that, the only
thing left for him was to pack up his _trunk_, and come home; but
pollyticks I seldom tuches, only I _does_ like plain dealing.

Will you please to let me here from you, for you are a sad idol
corryspondent--you promises to rite, and never dus, which is very
disapinting. However, you must rite to give us leaf to print the
Ramsbottom Papers, which has been redressed to you--give me your
opinion about the minotaur and the muzzleum, and believe me, dear B.,

  Your's, truly and sincere,

All our curcle join in kind regards--we have all got colds, and
guittars, and quinces, and roomatez--but we can expectorate nothing
less this cold wether.




  Gravesend, April 2, 1829.

MY DEAR B.,--I have taken a trumpery residence hear for the seeson
for the health of my therd gull, which is frequently effected with
a goose. I send you up a copy of the Gravesend Guide, which will
explain all the booty of the place, and all its convenences; the
passage in the steemboat is cheap and agreble, and we run up and down
every two or three tims in the weak.

Oh, B. B., I have got a krow to plock with you--I cannot make out
what makes you such a stench Protestant; poor dear Mr. Ram never
could bear Poppery, but I am afraid he was a biggoat at bottom,
for the mounsheer which marred my second, tells me that it is a
sweat religion, and that you can always get ablution for paying for
it--which is very pleasant.

I remember the riots of Hayti, when they burnt old Newgate and got to
all the goals; they raised several houses to the groand, and burned
Lord Mansfield's house in Bloomsbury-square, which was of brick and
stone; what would they have done with his Willy up at Highgate, which
is all made of Cane-wood; yet after all these I see he goes on in the
Hose of Pears a speeking agin the Roming Catlicks just as if nothin
had happened to him; he must be very antickated now I shoud think.

You have heard, in course, that the new Pop is erected. Mounsheer
tells me that Ginger was a very good Pop as ever was--he died
notwithstanding his infallowbility--all Pops go off--and that's as
it should be, for as they lives infallowbill so they infallowbelly
dies. Mounsheer told me that it was thought that either Carnal Fetch
or Carnal Comealongo would have been erected Pop, but that Charles
Deece would have put his Feeto upon Fetch, so they have erected
Castellioneye--they put poor Ginger after his deth into a cistern,
with his holy toes a protruding out of a grating for the people to

I should have liked to be in Room when the concave was held. Oh Mr.
B. you very much mistake the Catlick Priesthood. All the stories you
hear of the Carnals keeping columbines is entirely calomel--they nose
better than to do such things as those--for my part, I hop to see
the day when all extinction of religion is forgot, and we shall see
all our halters occupied by Popish Priests. What does Mr. More, the
allmyknack maker, say on this toepick--

      "Shall I ask the brave soger what fites by my side,
        In the kaws of mankind if our creeds agree?
      Shall I give up the friend I have vallied and tried,
        If he kneel not afore the same halter with me?
      From the hairytick gull of my sole shall I fly,
        To seek somewhere's else a more authordox kiss?
      No--perish the harts and the laws as try,
        Truth, walour, and love, by a standurd like this."

I says ditto, ditto, to Mister More; why should we Hairyticks stick
up for our authordoxies, or any other sich, or despise the Roming
Catlicks--why, we are decanters from the holy church ourselves, just
as much as the Sauceinions and the Hairyuns,[18] and the Whistlings,
or any others, are from hours--can't we wusship, every one after his
own fashion--look at the Quackers--there's a sex, so pyehouse, and
demure, and desunt, in everything good and propper.

Why, do _you_ know, Mr. B., the Quacker ladies goes down to Grinnage,
and Woolidge, and Popular, and the Isle of Docks, and all them parts,
to phissit the poor feemale convix, which is about to be transpirted
to Von Demons Land and Bottomy bay, where the illustrus Cook first
found out the Cangarews--poor gulls, I think it a pitty to send out
the pretty Lassenies, they are some on 'em so juvenal. Oh, Muster
B., what must their Rum and essences be when they reclects Tim
past--some on 'em if they are hard working meretricious gulls, get
marred as soon as they gets to the Coloony, and when they does, Mr.
Fulmer tells me they play the very dooce with the Malt house system,
which I spose means that they drink too much hail, and bear in

A navel sergeant goes to take care on 'em, and see as they wants for
no thing--he locks them up every night, and never suffers no _Foxes
paws_, but keeps them quite creckt, and they are in sich order that
he has only just to talk of the lock and the key to subdoo e'm in a
minuet--poor creturs, them as I seed where chairful, and not one of
them was wiping, they had plenty of vitals, and spoke of the Coloony
as a nice place, and called the Guvenor a Darling--but it seems
wretched work--to hope for happiness there, is to follow an English
Fattyus, which you know is a Will of the Whips, which is seed in the

But anuff of this--rite me word what you think of the Hopra--I think
Pisarowneye is a bootiful singer--I dont much like Specky, and as
for Mountijelly she harn't got no vice--not what I call a sweet
vice--Miss Blazes is harmonias, but I see by the bills that they have
denounced an Angel and a Devil to act, which I do not think _come
il pho_. I have not seen Suck Kelly, nor Bellygreeny, but I recleck
Mollybrown Garshia quite well. The new ballad of Mass and Kneelo is
quite splendead--there is a him to the Vergin, sung just like Tedium
in a church, and Wesuewius in the rear is quite tremendos. Colonel
O'Conner said he never saw a more beautiful crater in all his born
days, and he is quite a jug of those matters.

_Haprowpow dee Botts_--Why do you satyreyes my friends Lethbridge and
Fillpott--you give a whole chapter to the Dean every Sunday which is
too much, and as for calling Sir Tomass a rat, I deny the fack--at
least if he _is_ a rat, the day I saw him at dinner with Lord
Wenerables he must have twisted his tail into the bag behind him,
for I saw none of it.

I have no noose, except that we all wish you would come and explode
these parts--perhaps you will, after you have red the guide. The
passage is short and iconumical, only two shillings by the steam bot,
or as the French call it, the _pack bot avec peur_. Do come--we all
unite in best regards.

  Yours, truly,



  May, 1829.

DEAR B.,--As you haven't given any count of the Summerset House
expedition, which opened as weasal, the fust Monday in May, I thoght
perhaps a few loose remarks of mine and Lavy's would be exceptable,
therefore I rite to give you an int of what _we_ think.

Oh, that Precedent, Sir Tummas Larrence--I never seed such pitchers
as his--but I need not talk of those, because you nose his
merits--what I want is, to bring to your notice some of the young uns.

Well, B., away we went Wensday, and paid our munney at the dore, and
the man gave us a chick, and we bought our catlog, and then another
man tuck away my parisot, which never happened to me before, the many
ears I have seen in that place--he told me if I gave him my one, he
would give me a number--which deseived me, so I let him have it, and
he gave me a curd--this was just at the bottom of the great Achilles
with the fir knees wich is kept in a bird cage, to prevent the people
hurting his back--well, up we went--such a stare case--so hot was
I--however, at last up we got.

The fust pitcher I seed was Adam and Heve expulsed from Paradise,
by Debuffe. In buff I think--I never seed such a thing in all my
days, and no reason for it, because it was after the date of the fig
leaves--no matter--I turned away my eyes to Doctor Gobbleston, the
Bishop of Llandaff, and a plainer creatur I never set my eyes on--his
face looks for all the world as if he had been a rat hunting up a
chimley. I couldn't look at him long. The next I saw was "I. Strutt,
Esqueer, and his sister." I'm sure that is a likeness; and the next
is called "a Gentleman," which I am sure can_not_ be a likeness.

Lord Caravan, with a sword on, is a fine work, and so is a big
picture of a Hero going to Philander in the Tower; and near that is
one of a Gull with a Guttar, with sich funny pudsy fingers, which
made Lavy laugh so as I was quite ashammed of her. Then there is
one by Mr. Willes of a Dream, where "Puck takes away an asses head
from bottom,"--it is so in the catlog, and I wonder at it--but no
matter--I'm sure I felt quite in jeffery when I read such a thing in
a book--and Mr. Newton, my favourite, what drawed the Disconsolate
Lady in white satan, which hided her head in her hankycher, at the
British Gallary, has got the pitcher of a Lady in a Coach-horse
Dress, uncommon pretty; and Mr. Picksgill has got Sir Jeffery Dunstan
with his gray locks a dangling just as I remember him when he was
Mare of Garret, only bigger.

An artist of the name of Bedstead has a picture of two whole Snips,
and also of two Jack Snips--which is meant for birds, but I never
heard of sich afore. There is also Sir Roger de Coverlee and the
Gypsums, and a picture of Lord Drum, (Lampton as was,) by Larrence,
like as to phechurs, but not his compleckshun. I wish my Lord had sot
to Turner, he would have done him betterer.

Mr. Barraud has a pitcher of his own painting, which he calls
the Study of an Ass--how funny!--and there is Miss Phillips of
Drury-lane, with a long waste, and no more like her pretty face than
I am like her--instead of Dawe after this pitcher they should have
put Dawb. Mr. Landseer has got a picture of a dead oh dear, and there
is a pitcher of Colonel Johnson, who is called the Cove of Mustcat.

No. 241 is a pitcher of Zebuses and Quaggas, so like you cannot
think; and another of the Bishop of Rochester--such a dandy--smirking
and smooth faced, with a fancy wig--not a bit of the regelation cut
about it--but no matter--he was only the Bishop of Soda the other
day--Family made the Mann, and ratting made the Bishop.

There is a french pitcher of crowning a dead body, and a gentleman
what is a King, with white stays and a blue walking-stick, a
watching on it; and there is a Mr. Luck, secretairer to the London
Institution, which is either a piece of bad luck or a bad likeness.
In the Antick Acadamme there are two pitchers which are worth looking
at--one, _Baron Carl Ashating von Triggum_, and the other _Major Von
de Roggery Sue Peppercorn_. I loves 'em for their names. Mr. Smith
exhibits some specie of Cactus from natur, which of course I did not
look at--and No. 576 is the portrait of a Colonel, so like a horse,
that if you was not told it was a military officer you never would
find it out.

I cannot go all through the catlog--in the model-room, there is the
head of a Rabbit, so like an old closeman that I never should have
taken it for the little hannimal what hops about; and a buteful busk
of Lady Elizabeth Gower, which was the only thing I saw I should like
to have had--unless, indeed, it was the great Chanticleer which hangs
in the top room, which the King gave the Acadammee; however, I should
have staid longer, but a poor gentleman, a stout lustful man, slipped
down the stares just as we was looking about, and broke his leg, so
bad that we heard he suffered an imputation the same night--this
quite shocked Lavy, who has a feline disposition, and can't bear
to see any thing hurt--so we came home; but I shall go again, and
perhaps rite you some more of my observashuns.--Yours ever,





  July, 1829.

MY DEAR B.,--We was all at the wet feet at Chissick on Saturday; Lavy
and Fulmer, and Mounsheer, my second, and the two "june dimiselles,"
as Mounsheer calls them; and sich a site as that for a breakfast,
never did I clap my too eyes on--furst of all, we went off in
Fulmer's broach and Mounsheer's brisket--all in the poring rein--two
cargoes of us, and we was literally socked through and through afore
we got there, and there was a great poodle under the place where I
sot; however, we had paid our jennies, and we was determined to have
a reseat in fool.

But now I must tell you before I begin, that when we got home, Fulmer
sot down just like Swalter Scott, or Milton, or Pop, or any one of
the potes, and rot a whole account of it in verse, every bit of it as
true as if it warn't pottery at all, and then he sung it to us, Lavy
playing the Pein forte accompaniment; and when I asked him to give it
me for you, he tore it all to hattams. But I matched him there, as I
had done afore. As soon as he was gone out of the room I picked up
the pieces (which, if I had not a watched him, I think he would have
gone and done himself); and so I stuck the paper together as well as
I cood, but some of the virses is still missing: however, wherever
there is a ole in the ballad I will supply the place with my pros,
so as to make it a jint produxion just like Bowman and Flesher, or
Merton and Reinholds, or Mathews and Yates.

Fulmer begins thus, to your favourite toon of "Hunting the Hair:"--

      "Go tell Jenkins to order the horses,
        The clouds are all breaking, the sky's looking blue;
      At half after one let us muster our forces,
        And order the carriage at half after two.
              Tell Emma and Susan
              To put their thick shoes on,
              And get Parabous on,
                          And send up for Kate;
              Put the Halls in the rumble,
              (I'm sure they can't grumble,)
              With Bob and your humble,
                          They'll just make us eight.

      "'Where are ye going to?' cries Mrs. Dickenson,
        'What can you do such a very damp day?'
      'Comfort ourselves with champagne and cold chickens soon,
        See the big cherries, and hear Littolf play,
              Iceing or prawning,
              (It's all under awning)
              Or lounging the lawn in,
                          The crowd will be great;
              So come, Mrs. Dickenson,
              Folks will drop thick in soon,
              Mud you shan't stick in soon,
                          Come to the _Fete_.

      "'The people are clever who get up this festival,
        Men who sit toiling in science for weeks,
      Hold councils on cabbages, and (which is best of all)
        Speak upon salads and lecture on leeks;
              Who sit (without raillery),
              Vote upon celery,
              Clear out their gallery
                          After debate--
              Men who can grapple
              With onion or apple,
              And tell if the sap will
                          Rise early or late.'

      "Off we started, the rain was just mizzling,
        Crack went the whips, and we rattled through Town;
      At Kensington coach-stand it faster was drizzling,
        At Kensington church, it began to come down;
              The post-boys were whipping,
              The post-horses slipping,
              The Halls were quite dripping
                            At Hammersmith Gate;
              On we went dashing,
              And squashing and splashing,
              Till after this fashion
                            We got to the _Fete_."

Then there's a verse wanton, which of course I can't remember; but
the Bow-street officers were all round the dore, and they looked to
me as little like Bows as they did like officers; however, there was
a large poodle to get over, and I heard them bid me wait till they
sent for a Plank, which turned out to be a humane cretur, the head
of the Pelisse. We had no umberellars, only our parisoles; but we
got into a long tent, and there Fulmer told me I had better make my
election to stay, because I was favoured both by the canvas and the
pole; which I do not understand, but he put it all in rhyme about a
"hujus encampment," something you know, I don't quite remember, to
"keep off the damp meant;" and then he praised the bootiful cretures
what was a setting in the mud under the yawning, which cood not get
out, and called them the most elegant flowers and fruits of the day.

It was no good a stopping ther however, for we was a mile a'most
from the feeding place which Mr. Grunter had prepared for his
fellow-creturs; so I determined wet or dry, nolus bolus, over I
would go--it was uncommon squashy, and poor Lavy had a touch of the
Room attics in her head before we come out, however it warnt no use
complaining, so the two Hauls, which was phissitors of ours, and I,
ondertook to cross over the plot--of that, Fulmer says--

      "Cross the _green_ ocean amongst the carousers there,
        Oh! what a squabble, what pushing, what thumps;
      Dandies appropriately drest in _duck_ trowsers, were
        Making their way through the water in pumps.
              To see them a tripping,
              And sliding and slipping,
              With cold meat and dripping"----

Here there is another ole, and I think it must be a herror of the
arthurs, because "cold meat and dripping" is nonsense; however, no
matter, we got over, and _there_, if you'll believe me, was a matter
of a kipple of thousand humane creturs, just like pigs with their
noses in the troffs, agin the wall, a heating and a heating, and a
grunting and a grumbling, over their uncles in gravelly mud.

I heard one man ask for a kennel of chicken, and another wanted a
blanket of veel; but the master cock pot his head out of a French
marqui, and said there warnt nothing shew (which, as you know, means
hot, in the language of the Galls); so I squeedged out three young
youths and two gulls which was a making themselves sick with eating
isis, and made rheum for myself, and sot too to make up my jennys
worth; but if you'll believe me, dear B. (I didn't care for the muck
I was a standing in, for I had a cork soul,) but presently I felt
drip, drip, drip, something a dripping into my neck behind, which I
was so ot a crossing the grace plot I didn't feel at first, but which
was the rein a coming through the callyko top of the yawning; and
what was uncommon surprising to me, although the clouts above were so
black, yet the rein which fell, cum down quite blue. I had a glass
of Bucephalus, three big glasses of celery Shimpain (which shews the
advantage of the garden, for it was just as good as any made from
grapes) and a small glass of O. D. V., which the master cock in his
white nite cap sent out to me. Fulmer called the people who got under
cover, the _con-tents_, and them as could not, the _non con-tents_.

But if you had seen the way in which the genteelmen run about to
fetch vitals for the ladies--it was quite charming. "I want a wing
for a lady," says one--"I want a couple of legs for my ant, who can't
walk," says another--"A thick slice of beef for Miss Angelina," and
so on. Oh! it was quite delightful, only I don't think so double
refined as I expected for a jenny. Fulmer says, in a verse about the

      "There were the Thompsons, the Greens, and the Nevensons,
        Two Miss Barkers, and twelve Mr. Smiths;
      Three Miss Wilsons, Miss White, and the Stephensons,
        Pretty Miss Hawkins, and four of the Friths,
              The Walkers and Bartons,
              The Simpsons and Martins,
              The Stubbs's and Parton's,
                        And old Mrs. Tate.
              With Hopkins and Higgins,
              And thin Mrs. Figgins,
              And fat Mr. Wiggins,
                        The Elite of the _Fete_."

However one accident happened--somethink always does happen wherever
we go. My second was beautifully dressed--all after one of the
Magaseens, and quite unlike any body else--and somehow or other--I
dont know whether it was the whet or what--but part of her close
tumbled off; however the Bows which was about thought it was one of
her sleeves, and nobody cared except her husband Mounsheer, who was
quite in a bustle at loosing anything, and _would_ make her tell
him all about it, because he was terrified at seeing her so very
much reduced in figger in so short a space of time--Mounsheer got it
back from one of the Artillery Bumbardeers which was in the garden
to watch the river for fear it should get dry--howsoever there was
plenty of water this time.

Well, B., after we had eat in four places, and tried for the fifth,
but could get nothing but the bottoms of Hams, which Fulmer twisted
into "Hamsbottoms," and made it rhyme to my name, we went out just
for a minuet, thinking the rein had sopsided; but we had scarce
got out of the heating place when down it come agin, and we was
obliged to run for it--(I don't run very expedishus at any time,
much less after what I had eat)--and got into what is called the
committee-room, a place as dark as pitch, and smelling like a seed
shop; indeed I never seed such a place in my life; and there was the
Tyrrelease Pheasants, and sich a silly gull a asking them all manner
of foolish questions about their singeing their Tyrrellease kitches
or whatever they are. This warn't lost upon Fulmer--and I have
preserved that virse--

      "God save the King was the best of the shew for us,
        And it was greeted with loyalty's roar;
      But when they sang the words 'Long to _rain_ over us,'
        Nature herself seemed to call an _encore_.
              'Twas in the committee room,
              Dark as a city room,
              By no means a pretty room,
                      Close to the gate;
              Amongst the complainers,
              Thus warbled the Rainers,
              Most apt entertainers,
                      For Saturday's _Fete_."

Well, B., and after that, I am sorry to say when it got to hold up
for a minuet again, the Bows, which I thought had been a carrion
the Shimpain and the vitals to the ladies, shewed by their conduct
that they had only got the things in the names of the fair sects,
and as Fulmer said had added to the frauds of the neutral flags,
by taking to themselves, under false pretences, what was shipped
for other people--they was quite inhebriated, and played very
improper pranks--Fulmer said, that he himself saw one lady play
_Merry tricks_, but if so, I dare say she'll try _new tricks_ before
she comes there again--however, the conduct of the men was quite
obstropolous, and one of them spoke to my seckond as if he had been
introdeuced, and when he asked her name, and she said Ramsbottom, he
behaved more imperently than he had done before, and said that he
had noed us all long ago. I'm sure he never noed me, nor none of my
daughters, and so I told him, and I begged Mr. Fulmer to find out
the Secrethairy, Mr. Sabine, to come and speak to the imperent poppy;
but Fulmer told me that we had better go away as fast as we could,
for that when men were in _that_ state none of the Sabines would be
safe; so of course I would not go to hinger a respectable family,
and we got over our uncles to the gate, where we found our servant
Jenkins in the custardy of the offisers, for nocking down a beetle
belonging to the gardner, which would not let him poke his knows in
to look for us. So Fulmer did, (what, considering the weather, was
quite necessary,) gave his curd to the pelisseman, and baled out the

But I must say a Jew, and I cannot help thinkin how surprized Fulmer
will be when he sees your pepper in the mornun. Lavy has been in bed
ever since the Feet; our cousin Kate has got a swelled face; the
Hauls have both got bad coughs, and Mounsheer and his wife have been
takin teasannes every nite and morning; however, I hope we shall soon
get about, and if what I have saved out of the phier is of any use,
you are welkum.--Yours, dear B., always,





  Warmer, near Deal, Oct. 13, 1829.

MY DEAR B.,--I only right you a short Billy do, to tell you we are
all combing to the Mephistophiles on Twosday. Some of us travails by
the Dover onion, an uncommon good stag, and Lavy and her spouse in
their broach.

What I have cheefly to say is, that I have been purveiled upon to
publish my Original Letters to you in a serious--Fulmer is kind enuff
to say he will do notes to them, and write a biggraphical scratch of
my life, and have my head in a plate for a fruntispece--I beleive I
am to be lithotomized, which is cheaper than copper.

You have my premishon to hannounce my work, which I should like
to call the Book of the Breakfast Parlor, but Fulmer thinks the
"Ramsbottom Papers" better.

  Yours ever,

L.S.--What do you think of poor Mam Hood, the Great Signior of the
Turkies--he is humbled--and to an Irish usurper; for so I conclood
Nicholas the Autograph of the Rushes to be, seeing that his name
of Nick is only a nick name, and that he calls himself Paddy
Shaw--surely he ought to know beast.

L.S. (2)--I comb to town with an Aikin art; the wotchmen are beat off
their beats, and we shall never see their lantarns nor heer their
"agreable rattles," as the play-book says, henny more. I wish Muster
Peel had not ordered his new blue pelisse till the Spring, for in the
dark nights, when the Fox of Lunnun is in the streets, I do love to
lisson to the our a bean cried, while we are all coucheying in our

  Adoo, wunsmore.

       *       *       *       *       *

We submit this letter as we have received it; and our readers will,
like ourselves, gather from it, that our esteemed correspondent, like
other great ladies, has resolved to appear in print. We have since
ascertained that the work will appear shortly, in one volume, with
the promised notes and illustrations.




  March, 1830.

DEAR B.,--It is a long while since I wrote to you, but I have been
in a pick of trubbles about my famlie. Lavv's youngest has been
vascillated, and the various matter did not take a feckt--so that she
tuck the small pock natrally, and I fear will be very much pitied
when she comes to grow up--however, I must right you a short letter.

You remember my lemontations about the removal of the Wochmen--I have
quite changed my mind, and am all for the new blue Pelesse. More
specially since what I see they are going to do, to keep them always
ready to put out fires--they rehearsed their revolutions one day last
week, and, according to the noosepapers, beat Mounsheer Shabby out
and out--but they does it by wearing Ass-beastos jackets,--by which
means they minds fires no more than that young woman we read of, who
lived a hundred years in a Fir-nest--I mean Sally Mander.

What a nice man Mr. Main must be, who is one of the heads of the
Pelisse, to take such care to distinguish the fires--I have often
seen his name up agin the walls, and never knew what it meant, with
F. P. before it--where it says "Westminster _Main_--always charged."
I am sure we hoe a grate deal to Mr. Peal--Sir Richard Burney never
put out no fires that I ever heard of, nor any body, except the Fire
Indians, who do it with a wetness to it.

My poor grand-child has been so bad, that I have not been able to
see our new Moll Pomona at Common Garden, but I hear she overflows
the house with people and with tiers--I could not stir out and leave
little Jacinta, she has had nothing to eat or drink for these three
weeks, but some tappyochre and a glass of white wine delighted with

Only think of the Argand Rooms being burned down, and the English
Uproar House in the Strand--I hope this last will be bult up
agin, for I think English talons should be encurridged, and I do
love our native wobblers, they are so much more tuching than the
Hightalians--as for the French hactors, Potter and Clup and those,
they are very funey in their whey, but not to compare with our hone
Thisbeans in Common Garden or Dreary Lane.

Oh, Law! what do you think of Lady Edinborough? is not her's a curous
tail, to think of leaving such a handsome man as her husband for a
foraying prince? I suppose my Lord will get marred again, to keep the
title in the right line--he has no hair apparent now, I believe.

I can add no moor at present, for the Physicking is come; and as I
must give him his phee, I may as well insult him, and get all I can
out of him, for now that Jacinta is better, I pomps him for the noose
off the Bo mond, which these Dogturs know more off than most peepil.
I will wright soon agen, and give you a hysterical account of all our
proceeduns. Adoo, chair B.,





  Kaduggan Place, Sloane Street, Nov. 20, 1830.

DEAR B.,--Here we are, once more in the capitol--Fulmer has hops in
the Wigs to give him a plaice--he has been a fishing a long time, and
has cocht nothing yet; and I fear now they _have_ got in, the old
tale of more pigs than tits will be new revived.

What do you think of Hairy Broom as Chancesellor?--Lord Crows-nest
on the Wulsack--or a half-pay Captun (brevet Lefttenant Kernel) as
Master of the Ordinance--or my friend Lord Drum, the coal-merchant,
as Lord Privy; not to speak of Nero Denman as Attorny-General, or
Newark Wilde as Solissiter--Why is all this?--Just because a parsel
of lazy fellers did not like to go out in a wet night to vote for
the Civil List--I'm sure the names of them as did not go to support
the King, should be published, and called the _uncivil_ list, as a

Well, never was I more surprized. Here, says I, after the Revelation
in France is ended, after settling the affairs of the Ditch and
the Belchians, to think of a two do in London. Poor Charles Deece
is almost forgotten. It is true his fort was firing his ordnance
among the people, and my French sun-in-law cries "_Baa les Tyriens_"
whenever we spike of him. He says, says he, "I don't mean nobody in
party-colour, but (he rot this bit himself) _Qui capit ille facit_,"
to which my other sun-in-law, Fulmer, says, "that Charles Deece might
have overcome the danger, but that he was the _Capet_ who would not
_face it_."

Fulmer has sent a long pistol to the Primer to ask for something;
but he says of course the _Greys_ will be beset by the _Duns_, and
that all the hungry ones can't expect to be felled at once; besides,
he doesn't expect this set to last. I'm sure such a parcel of things
never was put into a Cabinet before, except to be looked at, as

We was a rustycatting at Warmer, near Deel, on Lord Mayor's Day, but
the weather has grown so much colder, I was glad to git away from old
Ossian; they was all on the _Key_ weave, in the City, that day. Sir
Clod is a great genus, and always was--he was much above his calling
when he was a Hatturney--he was made to ride on a wite oss afore the

I see somebody has sent his Majesty a pair of boots, and somebody
else has sent the King and Queen a cake, which, the Lord Chambermaid
rites word, was uncommon nice--is it because the Wigs won't let the
Royal Family have enuff munny to live upon, that their subjex send
them such things?

I wonder that Lord Angelseye should go to Hireland agin; he was a
Poplar ruler when he was last there, but the case is haltered now; if
he should be hill when he is out at Doubling, with the Tig Dollyroo,
I suppose Sir Francis Birdhit will go to Mr. Singeing Long, and be
robbed for him. Only think of that Long; I'm sewer if the New Jewry
find such a Furdickt as the Old Jewry did, the Gudge ought not to
suffer him to be _Long_ in this country. I think it would be better
to let him be tried by the Old Bayley, rather than by either of the
_Parks_--only he is all for the west end of the Mephistophiles, and
is supported by the Hairystockcrazy.

Your friend Fillpot _is_ maid a Bishop, although you said he never
woud be. What do you say to _that_? The dear Duck of Wellington
thought as Fillypotty had _ratified_ his part of the agreement he
would _ratify his_--Filly will be near Cardinal Weld at Exeter, and
his Imminence perhaps will bring Toby quite round, and get him made
Pop of Rheum one of these days. It is quite rite, however, that when
he gets his mitered coach he shoud give up his Stanhope--he can't
want both, and at such a distance, too, from itch other.

Do you think Sir Scarlet will be Lord Chief Jester in the room of
Lord Tenderdone? Fulmer tells me that Hairy Broom says he won't be
Lord Chancesellor, which makes me think the thing is quite curtain
that he will; he wants to be Master of the Roles he says, so has to
have his fling in the House of Cummons; but the Master wont go--he
likes a quiet life and no nonsense--no cabnets and wulsack wurk,
but soshability and a leetel haycarty in the evenings. I honner his
honner for his taste and his furmness; a good Leach always sticks
fastest--besides, it spits Broom, and that is just "_cum il fot_," as
the French says.

I dont see that Mr. A. B. C.-rombie has got anything in this
scrimble-scramble. I am glad Lord Goodyrich is cum back, for a
kinder-arted, more hamiable man there is not in all the whirld. Sir
James Graham, as Fust Lord of the Admirability is curous, but Mr.
Spring Tide as the Secretairer seems an uncommon proper apintment.

Fulmer tells me that Lord Hill has got the _Blues_--I am sorry his
Lordship takes the change of Minsters so much to heart. I hope he
will keep up his spirts, for every body has nose him, loves him.

There is a very scandallous report going about, that Lord Holland is
going to keep the Duchess of Lancaster--I dont believe it for many
reasons--one is, I never heard of the Lady before, unless it is your
friend the Princess of Olive Serres, who has got her rites at last;
but then Lord Holland would not do sich a thing as that; at least I
conseeve not.

Perhaps, dear B., you will send me a billey in the coarse of the
weak, and if anything good should turnip for Fulmer I will let you
no--he is by no means partycolour--any place, from a Lord Precedents
down to a porters, would suit him--he is equally fit for all;
besides, in a squabble like this, nobody sticks at fitness.

  Yours ever, dear B.,

P.S. You never tells us nothing about the Theaters now; is your
cricket dead? if he is, why don't you git anuther? Adoo! B.




  Turnham Green, April 4, 1831.

DEAR B.,--It is a long time since you have heard from me,--and now
I do write, you will find me somewhat haltered in my principles. I
have been one over by my sun-in-law to the great caws of Reform.
He talks of not stopping till we have got the Ballad and General
Sufferance--as to the first, I am all for the song; but with regard
to the General, I cannot say I ever heard of him before; but if he is
a friend of Lord John Rustles, that is efficient--the very site of
Lord John is enuff--his name is a corjil, and his figger is comefort.

I recklect the day when I satanized Lord Drum, the Lord Privy, and
so did _you_, B.--you now you did--chiefly, as I think, because he
was yellow. Did you ever read Foot, B.?--Muster Foot says, in one of
his Farcies, that a good candidate, like a good oss, cannot be of a
bad culler--so I say--besides, what's yellower than a jinny? I think
I see you, when you read my lines, and find me alturd as I am--but
I am enlightened--the peeple _must have refurm_--my shoemaker says
so, and I know it must be so; and as Lord Drum is at the bottom of
the Refurm Bile, I love him--he looks as if he had been making the
bile for some time. Oh, B., he is an intersting crechur, and so good
natured, it is quite unpossible to void having a puncheon for him.

I admit at first the Cabnet was in a quandary--that Polly Thomson
isn't poplar amongst them. I think they are jellies of Polly, for
he most certainly has talons--Fulmer says he nose he has--he is a
great ventriloquist (I think they call it), which speaks many forin
tongs--indeed, Fulmer sometimes calls him Pollyglot as well as Polly
Thomson, and he told me the other day that the King was going to
create him Barren Barilla, and sent him out Protector of Grease,
instead of Prince Loophole, who, as they call it, bagged out.

Then Lord Althrop--what a deal of good he has dun since he has bein
in Hoffys. Look at his entrenchments--he has cut down the odd eater
of the Civil List, and tuck off the dooty on koles--and wot a deal
more he would have dun if the axe of parlymen of hother dace had
not perwented him. And as for Lord Grey himself, I _do_ say sich a
kind-arted man as not been seen for ears and ears--not a sun, nor a
cussin, nor a nevy, nor a sun-in-law, nor a wife's cussin, nor one
hingyvigyal belonging to him, but wot he has perwided for, somehow or
another. Shew me a Prim Minster as hever hacted in sich a generous
way afore--Why the Duck of Wellington, with all his fine toe doos,
when he was in place, never guv nothing vhatsoever to any of his
relations as ever I heard of--ard-arted Duck.

And then that sweet Muster Cullcraft--a dear gentleman, full of
Janus, and as neat and as nice as a nine-pin--he is the Ugh!-nit
which guv the majority, and all by thinking twice, which is a wise
thing in a man--I was not at all surprized when I heard that the nice
crechur voted with the eyes--for, says I to my Lavy, he has very
little to say to the nose, anyhow. But he was always a favourite with
the ladies--a regalar Feel-hander amongst them. And then his pore sun
Granny too, to have lost his Love--more's the petty, for they are a
nice fam'ly take 'em all to gather--

      "From grave to gay, from lively to Sevier."

I hope Lord Bruffham and Fox comes up with your expectorations--he
certainly does with his hone--I went, the other night, into "Tommy's
box;" I don't know why they called the place so--it was like a vaper
bath, with certains all round it; and there I seed the Chanceseller
lying full-length on the Wulsack--(which I thought a hod thing to
have in sich a place)--and I am told he may be seen lying there every
night--when I say lying, I mean stretching,--and poor nobleman, no
wonder, for he must be a most tired out--wot with the intrests of
the nayshun, and the cawses in his Court, and the trouble he is
at to keep silence there--and carrion the bag--and riting leaden
articles in the noos-peppers, and his repeals, and one thing and
the other. Have you seen his pitcher in the Suffocating gallery of
Artists?--there he is, as like as like can be, but only carycachurd,
which is not to be wundered at, for the pitcher is panted by Lord
Lonsdale--(so the cattle-hog says)--and as his Lordship always
made him look blue on the pole, its no wunder he has made him look
yellow on the canvas--for blue and yellow is Bruffham's cullers. The
pictcher, however, is in the best place in the room, in complement
to the Lord Chanceseller--so that them as was ordered to hang his
Lordship, have done him only justass.

Then there is Lord Pummicestone--he is another of my feverits--
where did you ivir see such a Foraying Minster as he--so genteel--so
haymable--and with sich nice wiskers and white linen--never
interfeering the least with any nonsense about polyticks--never
sayin a word about his hoffice, either in Parlyment or out of it,
as I hears on; he troubles his head no more about the Belchians
and the Ditch, or the Roosians, or the Proossians, or hany of the
oosians, than I do. I'm told (by Parr and Tess) that there are no
hops for the Poles--their caws is desprut--at least so the Old
Engine we met last season at the sea side told me the day before
yesterday, as I seed him cumming out of the Horizontal Club in
Handover-square;--nevertheless, I think Lord Pummicestone is quite
wyse for not talkin--when one nose littel, it is the safest way to
say nothink. However, I may be preggudiced in his fever, for his
Lordship has promised to do the jalap wuth me, at an opp wich a
frend of ours in Taffystalk-square is to give next munth--I thoft
my duncing days was gun, but woo can resist Lord Pummicestone--that
would be a _task_.

Pursenal felines, however, shud not halways way with us, but since
Fulmer as taken this turn towards refurm, all the Minsters have
been so servile to us, that we are quite churmed. Lord Hockland,
though no grate things in the Guvment, is sich a haffable, warm
arted cretur--sich an insinivating Pier--and Sir Jims Graham, so
hunassuming, and at the same time such a fine man--how he turrified
that Ogreman Mahoon--did you see how the pore fellur was put to a
nonplush; and how he croed over O'Konnell like a kok--Grame kim out
of that, splendid--there is'nt nothink but _that_ to be sed about it;
so did Lord Althrop with Mr. Plummet Wad--a very hominous name for a
querrel--he that he cocht in his entrenchment at St. Jimses--Oh! it
makes one prowd to see such Neros as these.

But nothink will do--everybody wich wares shurts and has munney in
their pokets abuses this bill of Lord Drums; they say the bill may
parse, but nobody can conster it; and they tells us that the honly
claws they can understand in the bill is the Divil's claws, which has
set his foot in it. To be sure, B., I must say, looking at things
as they stand, cutting off sixty-two members at a blow is a serous
hopperation--I hone it is very like a Revelation. Old Tim with the
firelock, however, will shoe the effex; and (as I says to Lavy,
whenever I have a fit of coffin) wen we are in our graves, what will
it signify to hus?

I _am_ for Reform--and I hone it. The King, they say, is for it--at
wich I wunder; and the Queen is agin it--at wich I do not wunder.
But Mr. Christopher Stubbs, our hopposite neighbore, is for it;
and that has decided me--for _he_ hadmires Lord Pummicestone, and
Mister Cullcraft, and Mr. Singeing Long--so I think he has had some
new lights lately. Singeing Long, after having stood twice at the
Hold Bayley, and having been only returned once, is going to hoffer
himself for the parish of Marrowbone, as what Fulmer calls the
"_knee_ plus ultra."

And now, B., let us snitch a minuet from Pollyticks, and Pollygots,
and Polly Thomsons, for a moral inflexion or two; here is Hester come
agin--Puck, as the Galls call it--the trees is begining to shoot,
just as the bows is ceesing to unt; the sweet Buds (I ope you like
Hornithology) are commencing their wobblings on the branches, and are
hable to do wot is wise as well as pleasant--turn over a new leaf
every day of their lives. Hadam and Heve did so before them, wich is
a good President.

Wot a splundid site it is to behold the wurks of natur--the great
Halps--Strumbolli--Hetna--the sparrowgrass piping out of the beds
at Battersea--Burnells funnell under the Thames--and the Cosmorammy
in Regent Street--but one has no time for these thinks at present.
I ham absobbed with the grate question, and I culd not rest till I
opened myself to yew--you will call me a rat--but I'll trust you,
even though _I_ begun our corryspundence; for we are safe from your
Harrows, if we don't expose _ourselves_, and however I may cry
out for refurm, _enter noo_; I shall never be hass enough to be a
bartizan of it before the public.

  Yours truly, dear B.,




  Clappem Kommon, Hoct. 14, 1831.

DEAR B.,--What will you Aunty-reformers say now. The parlyment is to
be berogued, and your hopes are all blyted--now my expectorations
are answerd--this is a nice two do--Fulmer, who is on your side,
sings what he calls his High Ho Pea hens, but I cant agree with him,
because Mr. Ram was a wriggler radical, and so am I, because I do
not know no better, and theerfor I redes the _Tims_, and am quite
agreable to the pinions of the Head-eater of that pepper.

I have bin to hear the debretts of the peerage--we had seets in the
House of Lauds. What a man that Hairy Broom is--what a spich he
made, and how thrusty he got--I askd what it was he was a drinking,
and they told me a Bishop--he seemd as if he could have swallowed
the See. He had the tumblers hin, ot and ot, like the stakes at his
Club--but when he went down upon his Marybones, I was quite resolved
into tiers, for feer he never coud git up agin.

Lord Grey is a fine cretur, but very grey indeed; I remember him as
Lord Howweak many years ago. I saw Lord Monster too, and the Kernel
which has the Kopper minds, who is called Lord Dinnerbell, because of
his feedin a great Duck at his ouse in Whales.

I had a not from Lord Pummicestone, to tell me he was not gone to
resign--he poots hup with a grate deal from Lord Grey and Broom,
and even from Lord Drum, when he is well enough to go to the
Cabinet--that was a purty scrap he got into about Ninnyveal, the
Ditchman; and now I heer he is another two do about the Emperor of
the Brass-heels--Lewey Flip does not like given up the Portingal
ships, and as we does everything Tallyrong thinks right, why we
must not grumble--this is Pummicestone's noose to me. If the King
of Spain helps Don M'Gill they say he will suckseed in keeping
his hone--the Spanish is all he wants to put him to rites. As for
Rooshy and Prooshy, P. says he can't say much about them, only I see
that Leaving has not left, and that Bowlow is halso here--but else
foraying affairs seems below pa.

The Bishop of Lundun did not vote agin the Bile--I herd why--his
first start in life was hoeing to a translation--he wants to try
another--this is Greek to me, Mr. B.

I think the people are just shewing their spirt--Honly think of Lord
Lunnunderry pooling out a pistole, and fritening such a manny men as
he did. They are rong to set phire to houses, and as for the Hayfair
at Knottingham Castle, it was absird hin the hextream, for to _my_
mind the surest way of raising the New Castles, is burning down the
old ones.

Our friend P. applyed to me to see and ask Fulmer to be made a pier
this time; and Lavy would like to be a Vice-countess she says--a
Barreness she would not listen to; but I did not like to say anything
to F., because Lord P. said "He was wanted to carry the Bill through
the House of Lords;"--these are P.'s hone words out of his leather to
me, and I _do_ think Fulmer was born and bred to better things than
to do porter's work at his time of life--Hif they wants "the Bill
carried through the House," why dont they imploy survunts of their
hone, without trying to disgrace onest people witch is as good as

Pray what do they mean by sayin "whipster of a fraction," wenever
they talk of Lord John Rustle? I think it is in allusion to some
of his impotence in the Ouse of Kommons. Fulmer says that his
Ludship can't bear ironing--he sims to me to have been mangled last
Wensday--however, I'm all for Refurm, and Lord Grey, and Universal
Suffering, and Vote by Ballad. And now the Bill has been rejected,
I am ready for another hole Bill, and nothing but the Bill--and you
mark my words, Mr. B., you will be hobliged to pool in your orns
afore you have dun.

The King must be a good deal wurried, wot with wun thing and
hanuther. If I was he, I never would let Minsters hoverrule me--I
_would_ have my own whey, and hif I could not master them piecably, I
wood do as Fulmer says, "cut the Jordan knot at once, and resolve the

Say somethink in your pepper, that may show me you have got
this.--Yours, still in frenchship,


P.S.--I forgot to tell you my fourth gull, Addlehead, is going to be
marred next week to Dr. Pillycooshy, of Peckham.

[Illustration:(end of section icon)]


[Illustration: THEODORE HOOK.


_For the collection of Mr. Magrath, long the respected Secretary of
the Athenæum Club._]


[The following is from The Arcadian, a magazine which Hook edited and
principally wrote in 1820, and which only reached two numbers.]



_Tune_--"Whare ha' ye bin a' the day, my boy Tammy?"

      Where have ye been a' the Spring,
                      My boy Cammy?
      Where have ye been a' the Spring,
                      My boy Cammy?
      I have been in Newgate keep,
      Doomed to dine, to drink, to sleep,
      Side by side with rogue and sweep,
                      In dungeon dark and clammy.[20]

      What took you to Newgate keep,
                      My boy Cammy?
      What took you to Newgate keep,
                      My boy Cammy?
      I did once my goose-quill take,
      To shew a Whig a small mistake.
      Did you do't for freedom's sake?
                      Freedom's my eye and Tammy!

      What then did you do it for,
                      My boy Cammy?
      What then did you do it for,
                      My boy Cammy?
      Because I thought if I were sent
      To jail, for libelling Parliament,
      I might chance to circumvent
                      Next election, Lamby.[21]

      How would that throw out George Lamb,
                      My boy Cammy?
      How would that throw out George Lamb,
                      My boy Cammy?
      Because, with tag-rag and bobtail,
      Nothing does but going to jail;
      We have seldom found it fail;
                      _Voyez vous, mon ami!_

      How do you make _that_ out,
                      My boy Cammy?
      How do you make _that_ out,
                      My boy Cammy?
      See what all the rest have done--
      Abbott, Burdett, Waddington,
      Blandford, Hunt, and Wat--son,
                      And now, like them, here am I!

      Did the Speaker talk to you,
                      My boy Cammy?
      Did the Speaker talk to you,
                      My boy Cammy?
      No;--my visit to Papa
      Wreck'd my prospects of _éclat_;
      I was never at the bar,
                      Where I thought they'd ha' me.

      Why, then, 'tis a stupid job,
                      My boy Cammy?
      Why, then, 'tis a stupid job,
                      My boy Cammy?
      No;--because when I come out
      They'll have a car, without a doubt,
      And, in triumph, all about,
                      The biped beasts will draw me.

      You've mistaken quite your game,
                      My boy Cammy;
      You've mistaken quite your game,
                      My boy Cammy.
      Of fulsome stuff, like that, we're sick,
      Besides, we all see through the trick;
      Before we drag, we'll see you "kick"
                      Before your prison, d--mme!


"Write me down an Ass."--SHAKSPEARE.

      The Earl of Grosvenor is an Ass-
          --erter of our freedom;
      And were he Canterbury's Grace,
      The Gospels in his Sovereign's face,
          He'd rather throw, than read 'em.

      My Lord of Grantham is an Ass-
          --ailer of Black Wooler.
      But, if this blustering York Hussar
      Were tried in any real war,
          'Tis thought he might be cooler.

      Lord Enniskillen is an Ass-
          --enter to Lord Grantham;
      Bold, generous, noisy, swearing friends--
      Till they have gain'd their private ends,
          And that their patrons want 'em.

      The Earl of Harewood is an Ass-
          --ured help in trouble;
      For, when his Lordship condescends,
      Out of a scrape to help his friends,
          He only makes it double.

      The Earl of Morley is an Ass-
          --istant to Lord Granville;
      His head outside is rich in shoot;
      But to beat anything into 't
          I'd rather thump an anvil.

      Crazy Lord Erskine is an Ass-
          --ortment of all follies:
      He was the first to slur the Queen;
      But since his trip to Gretna Green,
          He's wondrous kind to dollies.

      The good Lord Kenyon is an Ass-
          --uager of dissension;
      With feeble voice, and maudlin eye,
      He would have pray'd for infamy,
          And granted sin a pension.

      The Lord Ashburton is an Ass-
          --iduous attender;
      No voter for the Queen is stouter,
      Although he knows no more about her,
          Than of the Witch of Endor.

      The Duke of Leinster is an Ass-
          --ociate whom she flatters;
      Though, by two uncles he has seen,
      To hate a King, and love a Queen,
          Are rather ticklish matters.

      In short, each Whig Lord is an Ass-
          --emblage of all merit;
      And to reward their virtuous lives,
      May all their daughters and their wives
          The Queen's good taste inherit.

      Lord Blessington's a stage-struck Ass-
          --umer of Lothario;
      But by his talents, wit, or grace,
      (Had he but eyes to find his place,)
          He's fitter for Paddy Cary O!

      Lord Steward Cholmondeley is an Ass-
          --imilate Polonius!
      He dares not blame "the mob-led Queen,"
      Though he best knows, her loves have been
          What others call erroneous.

      Lord Arden's an official Ass-
          --ignee of naval prizes;
      And, as the moon affects the seas,
      His loyalty obeys his fees,
          And with them falls or rises.

      Lord Hampden is a twaddling Ass-
          --assin of our patience;
      This Guelphic Knight, so dire and thin,
      Rides his white horse in the train of sin,
          Like Death in the Revelations!


      Fair Reform--celestial maid!
        Hope of Britons!--hope of Britons!
      Calls her followers to her aid;
        She has fit ones!--she has fit ones!
      They would brave, in danger's day,
        Death to win her!--Death to win her!
      If they met not by the way
        Michael's dinner--Michael's dinner!

      Lambton leads the patriot van;
        Noble fellow--generous fellow!
      Quite the dandy of the clan--
        Rather yellow--rather yellow!
      Of fair Liberty he tells
        Tales bewitching--tales bewitching;
      But they vanish, when he smells
        Michael's kitchen--Michael's kitchen!

      Lawyer Brougham is next in rank;
        Prates like Babel--prates like Babel;
      He has never eat or drank
        At Bribery's table--Bribery's table;
      What, then, now can stop his mouth,
        In this hot age--in this hot age?
      'Tis, if he would tell the truth,
        Michael's potage--Michael's potage!

      Hobhouse, who pretends to _νους_,
        Cur of Burdett--cur of Burdett;
      Fired his pop-gun, but the House
        Never heard it--never heard it;
      He foresaw, from Canning's lash,
        Stripes too cutting--stripes too cutting,
      So he sneak'd away to hash
        Michael's mutton--Michael's mutton.

      Where was, on that famous night,
        Hume the surgeon?--Hume the surgeon?
      Who pretends to set us right
        By constant purging--constant purging;
      No division yet expecting--
        Fond of work, he--fond of work, he--
      At the moment was dissecting
        Michael's turkey--Michael's turkey!

      Fergusson his place may choose
        In the bevy--in the bevy;
      He's the real Taylor's goose,
        Hot and heavy--hot and heavy--
      He'd out-do, with sword and flame,
      What, that evening, made him tame?
        Michael's spare-rib--Michael's spare-rib.

      Thus the social round they form,
        In Privy-Gardens--Privy-Gardens;
      And they care about Reform
        Not three farthings--not three farthings.
      To yawn and vote let others stay,
        Who can bear it--who can bear it;
      They, much wiser, drink away
        Michael's claret--Michael's claret.

      While ye thus, in claret, Sirs,
        Lose your reason--lose your reason;
      England will recover hers,
        Lost last season--lost last season!
      Faction's mobs--Sedition's hordes
        Must grow thinner--must grow thinner,
      When plain Common Sense records
        Michael's dinner--Michael's dinner!


TUNE--"_Have you been to Abingdon?_"

      Have you been to Bran-den-burgh? Heigh, Ma'am, Ho, Ma'am?
      You've been to Bran-den-burgh, Ho? Oh, yes, I have been, Ma'am, to
      vi-sit the Queen, Ma'am, with the rest of the gal-lan-ty
      show, show; with the rest of the gal-lan-ty show.]

      And who were your company--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Who were your company, ho?
                --We happen'd to drop in,
                With Gem'men from Wapping,
            And Ladies from Blowbladder-Row----Row,
              And Ladies from Blowbladder-Row.

      What saw you at Brandenburgh,--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              What saw you at Brandenburgh, ho?
                --We saw a great dame,
                With a face red as flame,
            And a character spotless as snow----snow,
              And a character spotless as snow.

      And what said her Majesty--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              What said her Majesty, ho?
                --What I understood's,
                She's come for our goods,
            And when she has got them, she'll go----go,
              And when she has got them, she'll go.

      And who were attending her--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Who were attending her, ho?
                Lord Hood for a man,
                For a Maid, Lady Anne,
            And Alderman Wood for a beau----beau,
              And Alderman Wood for a beau.

      And the Alderman's family--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              The Alderman's family, ho?
                --Yes--Georgy, and Kitty,
                One fat--t'other pretty,
            And the son who was brought up at Bow----Bow,
              The son who was brought up at Bow.

      And had she no Countesses--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Had she no Countesses, ho?
                --O yes!--painted Jersey,
                Who might have worn kersey,
            Had folks their deserts here, below----low,
              Had folks their deserts here below.

      And had she no other, Ma'am--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Had she no other, Ma'am, ho?
                --There was one Lady Grey,
                Whose temper, they say,
            Like her Lord's, is as sweet as a sloe----sloe,
              Like her Lord's, is as sweet as a sloe.

      Was no one from Croxteth there--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              No one from Croxteth there, ho?
                --Oh, no--Lady Sefton
                Would sooner have left town,
            Both her and her daughters--than go----go,
              Both her and her daughters--than go.

      And had she no Commoners--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Had she no Commoners, ho?
                --I happen'd to look,
                And could find in her book
            Only Fergusson, Taylor, and Co.----Co.,
                Fergusson, Taylor, and Co.

      And had she no son-in-law--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Had she no son-in-law, ho?
                --Yes; time-serving Leopold,
                A puppet that we uphold,
            Though neither for use nor for show----show,
              Neither for use nor for show.

      And did they meet tenderly--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Did they meet tenderly, ho?
                --They were both so intent,
                About taxes and rent,
            That they never once thought of their woe----woe,
              They never once thought of their woe.

      And had she no Counsellors--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Had she no Counsellors, ho?
                --Yes; one Mr. Brougham,
                Who sneak'd out of her room,
            Pretending the Circuit to go----go,
                Pretending the Circuit to go.

      How fared he at Lancaster--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              How fared he at Lancaster, ho?
                --They physick'd and bled,
                And they blister'd his head,
            And kept him uncommonly low----low,
                And kept him uncommonly low.

      Had she no solicitor--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Had she no solicitor, ho?
                --Yes, one Mr. Vizard,
                Who, being no wizard,
            She overboard hasten'd to throw----throw,
                She overboard hasten'd to throw.

      And has she two Chamberlains--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Has she two Chamberlains, ho?
                --Yes! both strapping fellows,
                Would make a man jealous,
            With whiskers as black as a crow----crow,
                With whiskers as black as a crow.

      And had she no beggar's brat--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Had she no beggar's brat, ho?
                --Yes, one, pale and silly,
                Whom she calls Sir Billy;
            But whose brat he is, I don't know----know,
                But whose brat he is, I don't know.

      And has she a Clergyman--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Has she a Clergyman, ho?
                --Yes, one Doctor Fellowes,
                Who puffs like a bellows,
            The coals of sedition to blow----blow,
              The coals of sedition to blow.

      And has she no General--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Has she no General, ho?
                --Yes, poor prating Wilson,
                Who, if he e'er kills one,
            'Tis more by a word than a blow----blow,
                'Tis more by a word than a blow.

      And has she a Banking-house--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Has she a Banking-house, ho?
                --When Coutts was unhandsome,
                She shifted to Ransome,
            To whom she does nothing but owe----owe,
                To whom she does nothing but owe.

      Has she a good table, Ma'am--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Has she a good table, Ma'am, ho?
                --There is one Mrs. Wilde,
                Who her cook-maid is styled,
            But they say that her soups are so-so----so,
                They say that her soups are so-so.

      And what are her drinkables--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              What are her drinkables, ho?
                --It being but noon,
                She said 'twas too soon
            For any thing else but Noyeau----yeau,
              Any thing else but Noyeau.

      And has she a bed-fellow--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Has she a bed-fellow, ho?
                --I asked one Vassalli,
                Who said, "Fi-donc, allez,
            Ma chère, you no business to know----know,
              You have no business to know."

      How spent she her time abroad--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              How spent she her time abroad, ho?
                --In hugging her valet,
                And dancing a ballet,
            And kissing Pope Pius's toe----toe,
                Kissing Pope Pius's toe.

      Was she at Jerusalem--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Was she at Jerusalem, ho?
                --She borrow'd an ass,
                To ride on--but, alas!
            She couldn't get donkey to go----go,
              She couldn't get donkey to go.

      What did she in Africa--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              What did she in Africa, ho?
                --She set, at Algiers,
                All the Turks by the ears,
            Till they found she was fifty or so----so,
              Till they found she was fifty or so.

      What did she in Lombardy--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              What did she in Lombardy, ho?
                --Her tradesmen she pilfer'd,
                Bamboozled Lord Guilford,
            And choused Marietti and Co.----Co.,
              And choused Marietti and Co.

      What did she at Napoli--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              What did she at Napoli, ho?
                --With sorrow I speak it,
                She went, mother--naked,
            And laurell'd the bust of King Joe----Joe,
              And laurell'd the bust of King Joe.

      Will she have a drawing-room--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Will she have a drawing-room, ho?
                --Oh, yes, I presume,
                That she might find a room,
            If she could but find any to go----go,
              If she could but find any to go.

      Will she soon sail for Italy--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Soon sail for Italy, ho?
                --She'll go there no more,
                Since what Barbara swore,
            She fears German spies on the Po----Po,
              She fears German spies on the Po.

      Will she go to Switzerland--Heigh, Ma'am, ho, Ma'am?
              Will she go to Switzerland, ho?
                --She says that the Swiss,
                Never tell when they kiss,
            So she's all for the Paÿs de Vaud----Vaud,
              She's all for the Paÿs de Vaud.


      Would you hear of the triumph of purity?
        Would you share in the joy of the Queen?
      List to my song; and, in perfect security,
        Witness a row where you durst not have been:
            All kinds of Addresses,
            From collars of S.S.'s
            To venders of cresses,
                Came up like a fair;
            And all thro' September,
            October, November,
            And down to December,
                They hunted this Hare!

      First there appear'd, with the title of visitors,
        Folks, whom of fair reputation they call,
      Who, in good truth, and to candid inquisitors,
        Seem to have no reputation at all,
            The Woods', hen and chicken,
            And Damer, moon-stricken,
            And Russells, come thick in,
                To greet the fat dame;
            And the Duchess of Leinster,
            (Well behaved while a spinster,)
            With drabs of Westminster,
                Now mixes her name!

      Next, in great state, came the Countess of Tankerville,
        With all the sons and the daughters she had;
      Those who themselves are annoy'd by a canker vile,
        Joy to discover another as bad:
            So Lady Moll came on,
            With _ci-devant_ Grammont,
            And (awful as Ammon)
                Her eloquent spouse!
            And frothy Grey Bennett,
            That very day se'nnight,
            Went down in his dennett,
                To Brandenburgh House.

      Bold, yet half blushing, the gay Lady Jersey,
        Drove up to the entrance--but halted outside,
      While Sefton's fair tribe, from the banks of the Mersey,
        Who promised to keep her in countenance--shyed!
            But this never hinders
            The sham Lady Lindors,
            Who stoutly goes indoors--
                Old Rush does the same;
            Great scorn of all such is!--
            But Bedford's brave Duchess,
            To get in her clutches,
                Delighted the dame.

      Lank Lady Anne brought her sister of Somerset;
        The least she could do for the wages she clears:
      If the merits of either were up to the hammer set,
        They'd fetch much the same as Lord Archibald's ears.
            Not so Lady Sarah,
            For she, under care o'
            Some Hume or O'Meara,
                Lies sick in her bed;
            Yet her name they twist in
            By means they persist in
            Of even enlisting
                The names of the dead!

      Then came the premature wife of her pen-man,
        Her guide, her adviser--in short, Mrs. Brougham,
      And then the spare rib of Go-sin-no-more Denman,
        And sweet Mrs. Williams, and young Mrs. Hume;
            Old Barber, and Taylor,
            And Hood, could not fail her.
            But the Muse can't detail, or
                Discuss what remains;--
            Except Mrs. Wilde,
            Who, for roast and for boil'd,
            While as cook-maid she toil'd,
                Was the pride of Devaynes.

      The Earl-King, fearing the tumult should ever end,
        Sends her his brother, while he keeps away;
      Honour'd by courtesy, by his gown reverend,
        But neither by nature, came sanctified Grey,
            With the Norwich Archdeacon,
            Who thinks he may speak on,
            Because, like a beacon,
                His head is so light;
            And sea-beaten Madocks,
            And some other sad dogs,
            Who (like stinking haddocks)
                By rotting grow bright.

      Damsels of Marybone, deck'd out in articles,
        Borrow'd of brokers for shillings and pence;
      The eye of vulgarity any thing smart tickles;
        Drabs love a ride at another's expence;
            So swarming like loaches,
            In ten hackney coaches,
            They make their approaches
                And pull at the bell;
            And then they flaunt brave in,
            Preceded by Craven,
            And, clean and new shaven,
                Topographical Gell.

      Next came a motley assemblage of what I call
        Mummers, and mountebanks, wildly array'd;
      Hod-men, and coal-heavers, landmen and nautical,
        Tag-rag and bobtail, a strange masquerade!
            A rout of sham sailors,
            Escap'd from their jailors,
            As sea-bred as tailors,
                In Shropshire or Wilts:
            But mark Oldi's smile and hers,
            Greeting, as Highlanders,
            Half a score Mile-Enders,
                Shivering in kilts!

      Noel and Moore are the pink of her quality,
        Judge what must be the more mean partisans!
      What sweepings of kennels--what scums of rascality--
        Hired and attired to enact artisans;
            Sham painters, and stainers,
            Smiths, coopers, cordwainers,
            And glaziers--chief gainers,
                In such a turmoil,
            Though chandlers and joiners,
            And forgers and coiners,
            And pocket-purloiners,
                All share in the spoil.

      Verdant green-grocers, all mounted on Jack-asses,
        (Lately called Guildfords, in honour of Fred,)
      Sweet nymphs of Billingsgate, tipsy as Bacchuses,
        Roll'd in like porpoises, heels over head!
            And the better to charm her,
            Three tinkers in armour,
            All hired by Harmer,
                Brave Thistlewood's friend;
            Those stout men of metal,
            Who think they can settle
            The State, if a kettle
                They're able to mend.

      Next come the presents--Whitechapel (where Jewsbury)
        Sends needles to hem Dr. Fellowes's lawn;
      Cracknells from Cowes--sweet simnels from Shrewsbury--
        Rump-steaks from Dublin--and collars of brawn--
            A pig--and a blanket--
            A sturgeon from Stangate--
            The donors all thank-ed
                By Royal desire!
            Old Parr gave his benison
            To Parkins's venison,
            But the pamphlet of Tennyson
                He threw in the fire.

      Last came the Lack-wit address of Sir Bunbury,
        Bearding the Crown with his sinecure wrath!
      'Twould look, I fear, too like a libel, to unbury
        All the exploits of this Knight of the Bath:
            From service retreated;
            By Wilson out-prated;
            Like him, self-created;
                His star is his sin!
            It's splendour is lost in
            The honours of Austin,
            And Hownam, who crost in
                With faint-away Flynn!

      And now, e'er I send off my song to the town sellers,
        ('Twill fetch rather more than the speeches of Hume,)
      We'll give one huzza to her pure privy Councillors,
        Lushington, Williams, Wilde, Denman and Brougham.
            With Vizard and Cobbett,
            And Hunt who would mob it,
            And Cam who would job it
                As Dad did before;
            With Waithman the prate-man,
            And Pearson the plate man,
            And Matthew the great man,
                Who found us the _hare_.[23]


"Paulo Minora canemus."

_Tune_--"Alley Croker."

              When Caroline, the great and big,
                Was feasted in the City, Sir,
              United Radical and Whig,
                In malice or in pity, Sir,
              Invited every Cockney dame
                The Royal cause to lift on;
              No matter what her rank or name,
                If she had but a shift on.
      Oh! such shifts! the flaunting belles of Drury
      Are neat to those of Crooked Lane, Ram Alley, and Old Jewry.

              A few there were, not so obscure,
                Who boasted of clean linen;
              But they, as all their friends assure,
                Were driven by their men, in;
              Who thought that after such delay
                The Queen would be extinguish-ed,
              Unless the blustering _Times_ could say,
                That some few were "distinguish-ed."
      Oh, poor _Times_! how sad a scrape you have got in,
      Whose proud distinction is at best, 'twixt addled eggs and rotten.

              To face at once so rank a crowd
                The Queen was thought unable,
              So Thorp, he begg'd to be allow'd
                To hand her to a table,
              Where wine, and something better still,
                That smelt like Maraschino,
              Might, if administer'd with skill,
                Give courage to the Queen Oh.
      Oh the Queen! the sober Queen of Britain,
      She very soon was in a state an armed chair to sit on.

              When safely seated in this chair,
                The females were paraded,
              And like a showman, the Lord Mayor,
                The honours of the day did.
              Mrs. Thorp herself came first,
                ("Her maiden name was Twigs, ma'am,")
              Who curtseying low, cried, "May I burst,
                But I adore your wig, Ma'am.
      Oh your wig! your wig so black and curl'd, Ma'am,
      That like the whiskers of a Jew it looks for all the world, Ma'am."

              The Queen, who thought this speech a scoff,
                Exclaim'd, "Mon Dieu quel fardeau."
              So Mrs. Mayor was hurried off,
                And up flounced Dame Ricardo.
              Quoth Thorp, "This lady whom you view,
                Her head so lofty carrying,
              Is one, whom an Oporto Jew
                Cut off his son for marrying."
      Oh the son! his figure would not please ill
      One whose taste might chance to lie between an owl and weasel.

              The Queen, at seeing Mrs. Sykes,
                Was ready to affront her;
              No German Princess more dislikes
                These gentry of the counter.
              "But mean and vulgar as you think her,"
                Said Thorp, "you needs must thank her,
              Because her dad, though once a tinker,
                Did become a banker."
      Oh, the dad! fit sire of such a filly,
      At the race-ball at Doncaster they call'd her orange-lily.

              Next Mrs. Wilde the presence graced,
                The splendour to increase, Ma'am;
              "Though lowly born, she has a taste,
                And been, like you, in Greece, Ma'am;
              And though she wed a peaceful squire,
                Was for a tar more fitted,
              For she is used to standing fire,
                And was brought up at Spit-head."
      Oh, the fire of poor Devaynes's kitchen,
      From whose hot coals she stole the blush that makes her so bewitching.

              Scowling Williams next produces
                What he calls his family;
              It is a mode he oddly chooses
                Down our throats to cram a lie;
              His real wife is safe in bed,
                Not dreaming of such folly;
              Perhaps the fellow, in her stead,
                Has brought his Vauxhall dolly.
      Oh, the drab! her crime is doubly heinous,
      Who could condescend to be that yellow Vulcan's Venus?

              So far so well; but now the Quire
                For harmony enlisted,
              "Threw all the fat into the fire,"
                (As Mrs. Wilde express'd it.)
              The blundering dogs began to sing,
                With all their might and energies,
              "God preserve our noble King,
                And confound his enemies!"
      Oh, the Brutes! the Queen was well nigh fainting,
      And would have blush'd, if one could blush beneath three coats of

              In anger, for her coach she roar'd,
                And into it, when ready,
              She trundled, handed by my Lord,
                And followed by my Lady.
              And so they drove home in the dark,
                The beau and his two graces,
              Like (as a florist might remark)
                Under a Hood two faces.
      Oh, the Hood! convenient garb for lovers,
      For none but they can truly say how many sins it covers.



      Hark! I hear the sounds of sorrow
        Fill each office corridor;
      Castlereagh cries--"From to-morrow,
        Statesmen, ye must dine no more!

      "No more let's see each office man on
        Foot, about the hour of seven,
      Teazing Arbuthnot and Duncannon,
        To find a pair until eleven.

      "No more let's hear Sir George, or Binning,
        Or Huskisson, or Wellesley Pole,
      Hinting, in sounds so soft and winning,
        That soup and fish are apt to cool.

      "Let Michael spread, in Privy-Gardens,
        The board for Fergusson and Co.;
      Let Sefton's cook exhaust his lardings;
        They but allure away the foe.

      "But some there are who never dine,
        (Who ne'er are ask'd to dine, at least,)
      Who swallow Ayles's tea like wine,
        And reckon Bellamy's a feast.

      "They can abjure risolles and pâtés,
        And we must imitate their powers;
      Besides, they keep their vigils gratis;
        We are paid for keeping ours.

      "But, Placemen! if ye heed my summons,
        A mental feast I shall prepare;
      Our House shall truly be, of Commons,
        And Rickman's roll a bill of fare.

      "Ley spreads upon the spacious table
        A cloth--(no matter what its hue),
      The Chaplain, fast as he is able,
        Says grace, and bids us all fall to.

      "Without four soups, I should be loth
        Such splendid guests to entertain;
      So Western shall be Barley-broth,
        And Wood a _Potage à la Reine_!

      "Mulligatawney, or Scotch porridge,
        Either, Mackintosh may be;
      And--(not his merits to disparage),
        Spring Rice is _Printanier au ris_.

      "For fish--that bench the Speaker's left on
        Out-rivals Groves', to all beholders;
      No one can see my good Lord Sefton
        But thinks of a cod's head and shoulders!

      "Brougham's crooked shifts, and talents boasted,
        His slippery tricks no more conceal:
      Dragg'd into light, cut up, and roasted,
        What is he but spitch-cock'd eel?

      "Calvert is Salmon--on a dish
        Ne'er lay a thicker or a rounder;
      Palmer's an undoubted fish,
        And flat enough to be a flounder.

      "Sir Ronald's Lobster, if you crack
        His scarlet shell and straggling claws;
      Old Markham is a muddy Jack;
        And Warre and Davis Shrimps for sauce.

      "Of Flesh and Fowl, too, there are plenty:--
        Taylor is chick for Fricasees;
      Coke's Norfolk bustard may content ye;
        Rutlandshire supplies us Geese!

      "Nugent would a meal afford one
        Who liked Calves-head without the brain;
      Rump-steaks we'll slice from generous Gordon,
        There 'tis cut and come again!

      "Creevey's Tripe, unsavoury stuff,
        Fit meat alone for dog or cat he;
      Henry Bennett is a Puff;
        And Ossulston a _petit pâté_.

      "Hobhouse is Cow-heel--which to cram
        Would need a true Saint Giles's taste;
      We'll put aside that dish of Lamb,
        Too delicate for such a feast.

      "Grant is a Sheep's pate broil'd and singed,
        And none more empty or more hot is;
      Hume is a monstrous bore's-head, fringed
        And garnish'd round with many a nottice.

      "Yorkshire puddings, rich in grease,
        Are the types of Sykes and Wyvill;
      Guise's brains are Gloucester cheese;
        Peppery Lamberton is a devil!

      "Parnell's a potato, mealy,
        Thick, as ever Ireland grew;
      Newport's butter-milk; and Heley
        Hutchinson's an Irish-stew.

      "For the rest, as housewives tell us,
        How they serve their broken trash--
      Wilson, Bernal, Moore, and Ellice,
        Make an economic Hash!

      "Come, then, hungry friends, fall to 't,
        And, if patiently ye dine,
      Kind Liverpool shall find ye fruit,
        And jovial Bathurst choose your wine!"


_Tune_-"Bow, wow, wow."

      A pack of Hounds of Whiggish breed, who sought to get their name up,
      And all throw off in gallant style whene'er they put the game up,
      At Brookes's met to form their plans "In vulgum voces spargere"--
      Not Brookes's Club, as heretofore, but Brookes's great Menagerie.
                                Bow, wow, wow,
                              Tol de riddle, tol de riddle,
                                Bow, wow, wow.

      When "loaves and fishes" form'd the only object of the chase, Sir,
      No dogs had better noses, or could go a better pace, Sir;
      And all excell'd in "giving tongue" whene'er they took their
      To growl about the grievances of this unhappy nation.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Small Bennet, Lushington, and Wood, engaged to raise the ghost of
      A certain Royal Funeral, already made the most of;
      While Wilson, in his grief at being laid upon the shelf, Sir,
      Thought the most important subject for discussion was--Himself, Sir.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Says Joseph Hume, "Though Croker's cuts have made an alter'd
            mon o' me,
      I'll still be foremost in the throng for preaching up economy;
      I'll hunt down all the charges in our armies and our navies"--
      "And I will be your whipper-in," cries gallant Colonel Davies.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Then Curwen would repeal the tax on tallow, cheese, or leather.
      Says Calcraft, "I've a better plan, and let us pull together;
      Vansittart means to ease the Malt, so let us work the Salt Tax--
      If Salt should be the word with him--why then we'll try the Malt
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Young Normanby--surprising change!--the motley party graces,
      And wars against his flesh and blood, to prate at useless places;
      And Hobhouse swears that every place and placeman he will bark at,
      Except the first Commissioner for Nabob's debts at Arcot.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      There's Joseph Yorke, while he a Lord of Admiralty flourish'd,
      No patriotic schemes of close retrenchment ever nourish'd;
      But since, O most unlucky day! his "stern was to the board room,"
      He sternly vows for idle Lords we cannot now afford room.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Then Calvert, who, of course, opposes all unfair monopolies,
      Steps forth to regulate the sale of Bread in the metropolis.
      "The poor," he says, "shall never have their quartern loaf too
            dear, Sir,
      If they will only hold their tongues about the price of Beer, Sir."
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Says Creevy, "I must needs confess, when I was at the India Board,
      I ne'er did much but read the news, or loll upon the window-board;
      But since my hopes of lolling there again are all demolish'd,
      I'll prove the whole concern so bad, it ought to be abolish'd."
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      "I care not who," says Lawyer Brougham, "from place or pension
      What salaries ye lower, so ye leave alone the Judges;
      Who knows but I, by chance, may be hereafter for the Bench meant,
      Then _that_ is surely not a proper object for retrenchment."
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      "'Tis wisely said," George Tierney cries, who to the last had
      "Too far by patriotic feelings some of ye are carried;
      Economy 'tis very well at times to snarl and bite for,
      But have a care, lest bye-and-bye there's nothing left to
            fight for."
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      But, spite of Tierney, they have things and notices in plenty, too,
      To keep the Mountain pack at work till June or July, Twenty-two;
      And there's no doubt they'll do as much to serve the grateful
      As they had done before they parted for the short vacation.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.



      When last we left the Mountain Pack enjoying Easter's jolly days, We
      followed up their sport until it ended with their hol-i-days; And
      now against their "Privilege," we hope 'twill be no treason, To
      track their steps throughout the dull remainder of the sea-son.
      Bow, wow, wow, Fal liddle Fal de riddle, Bow, wow, wow.]

      George Tierney is a cunning dog, and prudently does think it,
      The wisest to run mute, and when a question rises, blink it;
      To bunglers he has left it to "give tongue" and talk prophetics,
      To Hume in figures, Cam in Greek, and Bennet in pathetics.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Brougham vents a loud complaint, that Royal influence increases,
      And holds that Members of the House should give up all their places;
      But, shifting Master Harry, pray which way would int'rest turn you,
      If George the Fourth forthwith was pleased to make you his Attorney?
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Says Jarvy Sefton, "I've a charming little job _in petto_,
      From Salford's ancient County Court some modern fees to get O!
      Just help me through with that, and I'll cry aye to all your
      For war, the plague, economy, or any great improvements."
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Sir Francis Burdett next appears, once idol of the people,
      Who says, the thought of raising rents should never make men sleep
      For, though so pure a patriot, his gains he would increase, Sir,
      And does not care if quartern loaves five shillings were a-piece, Sir.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      But what a noble stir he made on Hunt's incarceration,
      Because his name he holds in such exalted estimation;
      He always, to be sure, has shewn for him favour and affection,
      As witness, how he praised him at the Westminster Election.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Says Bridegroom Coke, "For speaking in the House I've lost my head,
      But never mind, I'll tell you what I mean to do instead, Sir,
      I'll work as hard as I'm allow'd by Anne and the physicians,
      And send you once a week, at least, a bag full of petitions."
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Says Gaffer Western, "Though we once, amongst our many whimsies,
      Cried out with all our might for gold, and grumbled at the 'flimsies,'
      Since Ministers now pay in cash, and think to cut a caper,
      We'll turn about and badger them to pay again in paper."
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Then Johnny Russell made a speech, and some of it was pointed, too,
      About "Reform in Parliament," and "state of things in ninety-two;"
      But though 'twas call'd a sharp harangue, and he had clearly read
      He never spoke of throwing open Tavistock or Bedford.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Dull Joseph Hume, the stupidest of all the northern doctors,
      Fell foul, in his good-natured way, of Royal droits and proctors;
      And hoped that then five thousand pounds at least disbursed had been,
      To satisfy some Captain's claims who--votes for Aberdeen, Sir.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Then Courteney moved, and others thought they could do much better,
      Than vote a breach of Privilege, a certain printed letter;
      But when they had its writer up, as all reporters teach, Sir,
      The House forgot its privilege, and only shew'd its breach, Sir!
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Then Abercrombie gentle, seized with one of Quixote's frenzies,
      Sets off, post haste in chaise and four, to call out Lawyer Menzies;
      But when he got to Ferrybridge he long'd to join the pack again,
      So after dinner, he and Althorpe--order'd horses back again.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Wise Scarlett, who is just your man to browbeat, pose, or plead, Sir,
      Produced a poor-bill, which, 'tis said, was very poor indeed, Sir;
      And Denman spoke when he'd been made a serjeant in the morning,
      And what he said betray'd that he'd been dining at the Horn Inn.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      While Whitbread, Calvert, Buxton all, kept up the price of beer, Sir,
      Young Yellow Lambton seem'd to think the poor were charged too dear,
      But, though he loves his countrymen, he'd not, to save their souls,
      Make any alteration in the present price of coals, Sir.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Grey Bennet having got a list of members holding places,
      Began to foam of hospitals and of ophthalmic cases;
      When "scissors cut as well as knives," when patients should take
            blue pills,
      His oratory--"all my eye"--the dullest he of pupils.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Then as for Davies, Lennard, Ellis, Hutchinson, and Creevy,
      Ricardo, Williams, Curwen, Smith, or Moses Bernal Levi;
      They've done as much as smirking Rice or Thanet's Pat Concannon,
      Or gaiter'd Michael Angelo, or stiff-neck'd Lord Dungannon.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Then Mackintosh (poor Gerald's friend), who doles out legal knowledge
      Three times a week to Guinea-pigs at Haileybury College,
      Conceived the penal laws too hard on rogues of all descriptions,
      From those who only rob, to those who--carry off subscriptions.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      Great Matthew Wood, a citizen, who never can be idle,
      Brought forward as a mighty hit--the case of Jailor Bridle;
      Of several other things he spoke, the brightest he of Members,
      But what they were, nor you, nor I, nor any one remembers.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.

      At length, then, for the present, there's an end to all their labours,
      The Mountain Pack are now let loose to howl it with their neighbours;
      And so we bid them thus adieu, until the next campaign, Sir,
      When if they bark, or snap, or bite, we'll--whip 'em in again, Sir.
                                              Bow, wow, wow.



(With alterations and additions) written by the late patriotic Whig
Citizen, THOMAS HOLCROFT, and addressed to his Friend and Patron, the
Head of all the Whigs.

      Ho!--Why do'st thou shiver and shake,
          Gaffer Grey?
      And why does thy nose look so blue?
          "'Tis the people grow cold,
          And I--prosy and old,
      And my speeches, they say, are not new,

      Then clap a new tail on the rump,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Or the Whiggamores must go to pot
          "Nay, but credit I've none,
          All the Grenvilles have run,
      Except Nugent--who's not worth the shot,

      Then hie to the house--you know where,
          Gaffer Grey,
      And steal up the stairs--you know when.
          "No, 'though roughshod, I swore
          To march in, through the door,
      I shall ne'er pass that threshold again,

      There's Brougham, who can shift, like his nose,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Who browbeats the Parliament down.
          "Pshaw, he shifts for himself,
          Whilst he pockets the pelf,
      And would sell the whole squad for a gown,

      There's the Patriot in Ilchester Jail,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Who will talk by the job--or the day.
          "He's a low-minded carl,
          Fit only to snarl,
      And just as well out of the way,

      There's Hume with his tots and his vots,
          Gaffer Grey,
      With his scalpel cuts through thick and thin.
          "Oh, he's worse than the other,
          He'd cut up his brother,
      If only to keep his hand in,

      Little Michael has beeves and fat ale,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Buona Roti--surnamed by the pack.
          "His dinners be d----d;
          When the starvelings are cramm'd,
      Duncannon can't whistle them back,

      There's Creevy, your crony of old,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Who shew'd up the Board of Control.
          "He's heavy and lame,
          And his speeches the same,
      Are uncommonly prosy and dull,

      There's Wooler, the Bibliopole bold,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Who at laws and at lawgivers laughs.
          "Very well in his way,
          But I beg leave to say,
      I've a mortal aversion to Raffs,

      There's Bennet the Arch Philanthrope,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Who weeps for man, woman, and brute.
          "He may weep as he will,
          If he'll keep his tongue still;
      But your best sort of weeper's--a Mute!

      There's Lambton, a sure card at hand,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Not given to blush or to flinch.
          "He's a good sort of fellow,
          Though rather too yellow,
      And only of use at a pinch,

      There's Lushington, Denman, and Co.,
          Gaffer Grey,
      And their friend--what's his name--Mister Wood;
          "No--the sweet Queen is gone,
          Their vocation is done,
      And they cannot do harm, if they would,

      There's Sefton the Good!--four-in-hand,
          Gaffer Grey,
      And there's Grosvenor the Great!--from his beeves.
          "One wants for his head
          A new lining, 'tis said;
      And the other--some strawberry leaves,

      There's Ossulston, gallant as high,
          Gaffer Grey,
      Can prove his descent--without flaw.
          "He was named for a stick,
          'Twas a sad scurvy trick,
      For he look'd like--a Frog with a Straw!

      Your chance is but bad, I confess,
          Gaffer Grey,
      But freedom may still be your butt.
          "Talk of freedom--my eye!
          If in the State Pie
      I could get but a finger, I'd cut,--
          Happy day!"

      The times are not yet come to that,
          Gaffer Grey.
      What then?--"Whilst there's life there is hope:
          Though John Bull turns his back
          On the talented Pack,
      You may still get Pat Bull from the Pope
          By your play!"



_Tune_--"When I was Maid, oh then, oh then!"

      I once was a placeman, but then, but then,
      I once was a placeman, but then
          'Twas in the pure day
          Of Lansdowne and Grey,
      And the rest of the talented men--men!
      And the rest of the talented men!

      I had been a lawyer, but then, but then,
      I had been a lawyer, but then
          I hated the fag
          Of the wig and the bag,
      And envied the Parliament men--men,
      And envied the Parliament men.

      So I married a widow, and then, and then,
      So I married a window, and then
          Folks wonder'd to see
          That a woman could be
      So fond of a face like a wen--wen,
      So fond of a face like a wen.

      But she had a borough, and then, and then,
      She had a borough, and then,
          By the help of the dame,
          I got into the same,
      But never could do it again--again,
      Never could do it again.

      So I found out another, and then, and then,
      So I found out another, and then
          The worthy Lord Thanet,
          He chose me to man it,
      As free----as a sheep in a pen--pen!
      As free as a sheep in a pen!

      At last we got power, and then, and then,
      At last we got power, and then
          A salary clean
          Of hundreds fifteen,
      Made me the most happy of men--men,
      Made me the most happy of men.

      The first quarter-day came, and then, and then,
      The first quarter-day came, and then
          I reckon'd my score,
          But I never did more
      Till quarter-day came round again--'gain,
      Till quarter-day came round again.

      Despatches came sometimes, but then, but then,
      Despatches came sometimes, but then
          I handed them slyly
          To Morpeth or Hiley,
      And limp'd back to Brookes's again--'gain,
      And limp'd back to Brookes's again.

      If Ossulston call'd on me, then, oh then,
      If Ossulston call'd on me then,
          We stroll'd through the Park,
          And the folks would remark,
      We look'd like an owl and a wren--wren,
      We look'd like an owl and a wren.

      If I walk'd with dear Sefton, oh then, oh then,
      If I walk'd with dear Sefton, oh then,
          The people would stare,
          And think us a pair
      Of mummers, that parodied men--men,
      Of mummers, that parodied men.

      If I stay'd at the office, oh then, oh then,
      If I stay'd at the office, oh then,
          I damn'd all the Hindoos--
          Look'd out of the windows--
      And sometimes I mended a pen--pen!
      And sometimes I mended a pen!

      Such toil made me sulky, and then, and then,
      Such toil made me sulky, and then,
          If I ask'd for old Wright,
          He came in in a fright,
      As if to a bear in his den--den,
      As if to a bear in his den.

      This lasted a twelvemonth, and then, oh then,
      This lasted a twelvemonth, and then,
          To end all our cares,
          They kick'd us down stairs,
      As a hint not to come back again--'gain,
      As a hint not to come back again.

      The tumble was heavy, and then, oh then,
      The tumble was heavy, and then
          I grew very sour
          At placemen and power,
      And croak'd like a frog in a fen--fen,
      And croak'd like a frog in a fen.

      I vow'd to have vengeance, and then, oh then,
      I vow'd to have vengeance, and then
          'Tis a vulgar belief,
          At catching a thief,
      An accomplice is equal to ten--ten,
      An accomplice is equal to ten.

      So I turn'd informer, and then, oh then,
      I turn'd informer, and then
          I tried to expose
          My friends and my foes,
      As equally infamous men--men,
      As equally infamous men.

      The Whigs they cashier'd me, and then, oh then,
      The Whigs they cashier'd me, and then
          Grey haughtily swore
          He'd trust me no more,
      Not even with cutting a pen--pen,
      Not even with cutting a pen.

      Next Canning chastised me, and then, oh then,
      Next Canning chastised me, and then,
          If what is called shame,
          Were aught but a name,
      I could ne'er show my visage again--'gain,
      I could ne'er show my visage again.


_Tune_--"The Black Joke."

      Whoe'er knows St. James's, knows where the Whigs met
      In behalf of the Queen, a subscription to get,
                    For her Black Wig and her Character white.
      By Truth and by Wisdom supported she stood--
      Truth's part play'd by Brougham, that of Wisdom by Wood--
      They cursed, and they swore that she ne'er did amiss,
      Though the Baron, they own'd, was so rude as to kiss
                    The Black Wig with the Character white.

      At Brookes's they met--but demurr'd to the call
      Of producing the cash--as they had none at all
                    For the Black Wig and the Character white.
      Coke growl'd about rents, swore the funds ought to pay;
      But Baring grimaced, and Ricardo squeak'd "Nay!"
      And the young ones exclaim'd, in a querulous tone,
      They each had to pay for a Saint of their own,
                    With a Black Wig and a Character white.

      But though the subscription was tardy, and they
      Had nothing to give, they had plenty to say
                    For the Black Wig and the Character white.
      Lord Tavistock stammer'd three words in her praise,
      And Sefton his voice and his shoulders did raise;
      And Calcraft his nose cock'd, and Grant cock'd his eye,
      And hypocrite Bennet pretended to cry
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white.

      Fitzwilliam, that reverend proselyte, rose--
      (We'll make him speak verse since he cannot speak prose)
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white.
      "You seem," quoth the sage, "all averse to give cash,
      And, in truth, you are right--what is money but trash?"
      Let's give something better to end all these quarrels,
      And raise a subscription of virtue and morals,
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white.

      Besides, 'tis no merit one's surplus to share,
      Then let us give _that_ which the least we can spare
                    To the Black Wig and her Character white.
      For me I have changed all my friends at the brunt,
      From Fox, Pitt, and Burke, down to Cobbett and Hunt,
      As fickle in age as I was in my youth:
      So freely subscribe my political truth
                    To the Black Wig and her Character white.

      Old Tierney set down, with a sorrowful face,
      The hopes of his life, all the prospects of place,
                    To the Black Wig and her Character white.
      The message which Brougham had advised and had penn'd,
      Poor Tierney had rashly advanced to defend,
      And not to subscribe would be rather uncivil,
      So he gives very frankly--he gives--to the Devil
                    The Black Wig and her Character white.

      Such cheap contributions delighted the pack,
      And, for once, they were ready their leaders to back,
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white.
      Silly Billy, God bless him! subscribed all his sense;
      Of loyalty Grey made a gallant expense;
      The Gospels, Lord Grosvenor flung down in a boast;
      And Erskine gave nobly--himself, as a toast;
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white.

      Bald Bedford, his still balder eloquence gave;
      And Blessington thought that his _coup-d'œil_ might save
                    The Black Wig and her Character white.
      Big Nugent bestow'd all his graces upon her,
      Ned Ellice his credit, and Guildford his honour;
      The Heathcotes, their sense--both the old and the young--
      And Hume gave--a notice, and Lambton gave--tongue
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white.

      By Fergusson back'd, Michael Angelo Taylor
      Supposed that his statesman-like views might avail her
                    Black Wig and her Character white.
      Charles Calvert and Hurst their gentility join;
      And Grenfell was ready, his visage to coin;
      And Creevy, of other donations bereft,
      Subscribed all the courage that Warrender left,
                    To the Black Wig and her Character white.

      Grave Folkstone, who once before leap'd in the dark,
      Transfers his devotions from Mary Ann Clarke
                    To the Black Wig and her Character white.
      And Wetherell and Tennyson, _soi-disant_ Lawyers,
      Would give her their fees--if they had but employers.
      Scarlett offers his law and his wit too,--for Scarlett
      Chimes in--as he pleasantly tell us--with Harlot
                    In a Black Wig and a Character white.

      But some with whom nominal morals ran low,
      Contrived other modes their devotion to show,
                    To the Black Wig and her Character white.
      Burdett gave the bond he recover'd from Scott--
      And Wilson the thanks in the field he had got--
      And Leinster a visiting card of his rib's--
      And Foley a draft upon--Howard and Gibbs!
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white.

      But as to the rest it were tedious to sing,
      How they sacrificed love of their Country and King,
                    To the Black Wig and her Character white.
      Such talents, such virtues, how much they surpass
      Baring's stock, Grenfell's copper, or Lushington's brass!
      Endow'd with such treasures, who would not dispense
      With the paltry account of pounds, shillings, and pence,
                    For the Black Wig and her Character white?

      But when the great Lady was told of the kind
      Of efforts the Whigs made for raising the wind
                    For her Black Wig and her Character white,
      She rose in a fury, and roar'd out, "God-zounds!
      Run, Vizard, secure me Lord Liverpool's pounds;
      Of the virtues of Whigs I have more than my share,
      And their talents and truth are not worth half an hair
                    Of my Black Wig and my Character white."


      Sam Rogers proposed, To my Lady half dosed,
            To indite a fine new compo-
      si  -  tion, In which he might greet Her Ladyship's feet With
      proof of his tuneful sub - mis-sion. Says Holland,
            "Sam, you've my per-
      mis  -  sion;" But my Lady has no dis-po - si  -  tion To
      have her name seen With the friends of the Queen,
            Or, in short, with the raff Opposition.]

      We don't mean to rob
      Poor Sam of his job,
            But we have a shrewdish suspicion,
      It will be fifteen years
      Before it appears,
            So painful is Sam's parturition;
      He's not like the Northern Magician,
      Who writes while he's shooting or fishing,
              So we'll borrow Sam's hint,
              And put into print
            An ode to the Whig Opposition.

      There's Tierney, the sly,
      With his grey sunken eye,
            Which rolls with a scowl of suspicion,
      He hates all the Broughams,
      And despises the Humes,
            And sits with a look of contrition.
      He pleads a sham indisposition,
      And shirks in the House his position;
              Nor can he be blamed
              For feeling ashamed
            To lead such a raff Opposition.

      There is he whom they call
      Squire Brougham of Brougham Hall,
            Who would pass for a man of condition;
      In blood, to be sure,
      He may match Peter Moore,
            But the Hall is a mere imposition;
      The fellow's a hack politician,
      A tailor in all but ambition,
              Who offer'd to bilk
              For a gown of black silk
            The Queen--and her whole Opposition.

      There's Wilson--poor Bob,
      Who headed a mob,
            And in consequence lost his commission,
      Considers it hard,
      That haranguing the Guard
            Should be voted an act of sedition;
      Besides, 'twas his greatest ambition
      To witness one real ignition;
              To shot and to danger
              His skin was a stranger,
            Till the day of the Park Opposition.

      There's Sefton, who drives
      His ladies by fives,
            In a gig of the latest edition;
      Which looks like a cart
      Of the Guards when they start
            With their wives on a Dutch expedition:
      He greases with anti-attrition--
      Would his tongue had the same composition!--
              For, whenever he speaks,
              It hitches and squeaks
            Like the drag of the Bath Opposition.

      There's little Spring Rice,
      Of Newport the Vice,
            Who was painted in last Exhibition,
      Was ready to swear
      That Limerick and Clare
            Were dying from pure inanition;
      But how did he mend their condition?
      Did he visit those scenes of perdition?
              No!--Erin was undone,
              While he talk'd in London,
            And smirk'd with the fat Opposition.

      There's stultified Hume,
      Who (some people assume)
            Is an excellent arithmetician,
      Began as a Tory,--
      But honour and glory
            Soon gave such an ass his dismission;
      Now Joe was a sort of physician,
      But being no frequent practician,
              For want of another
              Dissected his brother,
            Though the corps made a strong Opposition.

      There's the new _rara avis_,
      The once Colonel Davis,
            Now Statesman as much as Tactician,
      He seems to presume
      To emulate Hume,
            But, in truth, there is no competition;
      For Davis sold out his commission--
      But Hume's more plebeian ambition
              Is cribbing the winnings
              Of Constantine Jennings,
            The hopes of the whole Opposition.

      Lord Althorpe, who bent
      His way beyond Trent
            To challenge a hostile collision,
      At Ferrybridge found
      He might choose his own ground,
            And therefore abandon'd his mission;
      Then--aware of the force of derision,
      He spoke on some turnpike petition,
              And explain'd, without end,
              How he and his friend
            Return'd to rejoin Opposition.

      There's that little thing Bennet--
      Once turn'd from the Senate,
            On poor Tyrwhit Jones's petition,
      The quack, from whom they,
      Doom'd to Botany Bay,
            So justly expect manumission.
      For think what would be his condition,
      If laws were to have no remission;
              For, if folks don't tell fibs,
              Messrs. Howard and Gibbs
            Have claims on this pure Opposition.

      The Grosvenor-gate fillies
      May rail at Achilles,
            And blush at his naked condition,
      But Nugent's tight dress,--
      Which we can't well express,--
            Is, to us, a more gross exposition.
      But strange are the freaks of ambition;
      Which, when a man once sets his wish on,
              If his head chance to fail,
              He must try how his tail
            Can give weight to a light Opposition.

      There's Williams and Scarlett,
      Who spoke for "The Harlot,"
            With airs like the Greek Rhetorician;
      Williams knows some small Greek,
      But Scarlett can't speak
            Plain English, without much tuition:[26]
      In Cambridge, his great erudition
      Stands as high as Lord Byron's Politian!
              "Naked feet, naked feet"
              Will kick through the street
            Fat Scarlett and his Opposition.

      There's Wood, who, for hops,
      Goes offering to shops
            An excellent new composition,
      And proves that the plant,
      The staple of Kent,
            Is a Tory and vile imposition;
      But he gets very little commission,
      The folks eye his drugs with suspicion;
              The profit much less is
              Than getting Addresses,
            Or plate from the Queen's Opposition.

      There's Creevey, the crawler,
      That under-bred brawler,
            Once Clerk to the Indian Commission,
      He told us himself
      That the mere love of pelf
            Had placed him in such a position!
      A Negro exposed to vendition
      Would have blush'd to have made such admission;
              Yet the bird who at best
              Bewrays his own nest,
            Is the Phœnix of this Opposition!

      If we could take part in
      Debates like Dick Martin,
            And venture to tell our volition,
      We should certainly pray,
      By night and by day,
            For men in their present position.
      The country has made its decision,
      Which needs neither change nor revision;
              May the King, of his grace,
              Keep out the whole race
            Of this wonderful wise Opposition!



_Tune_--"Run, Neighbours, Run," &c.

      Come, ladies, come, 'tis now the time for capering,
        Freedom's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd;
      We, with French dances, will overcome French vapouring,
        And with ice and Roman punch amaze the world:
      There's I myself, and Lady L. you'll seldom meet a rummer set,
      With Lady Grosvenor, Lady Foley, and her Grace of Somerset,
      While Lady Jersey fags herself, regardless of the bustle, Ma'am,
      With Lady Cowper, Lady Anne, and Lady William Russell, Ma'am.
              Come, ladies, come, 'tis now the time for capering,
              Freedom's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd.

      Oh, such a treat--'twill be pleasant, past conception, Ma'am,
        Such a crowd of patriot dames were never, never seen;
      Most of them at Brandenburgh have met a warm reception, Ma'am,
        And were boon companions of our gracious Queen!
      In smiles array'd, my Lady Grey, with such a noble work elate,
      The lemonade, and water-ice, will undertake to circulate,
      With meat in slices, laid on bread, about the rooms to hand which, is
      Of course the task of Lady S., the head of all the Sandwiches.
               Come, ladies, come, 'tis now the time for capering,
               Freedom's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd.

      Then, Ma'am, for company!--there ne'er has been a rush in town
        Half so great as there will be to this Whig thing:
      Mrs. Brougham and Mrs. Wilde, the Doctor, Mrs. Lushington,
        Mrs. Ellis, Mrs. Baring, Lord and Lady King;
      The Duke of Gloucester, Mr. Forster, little Colonel Higgins, Ma'am,
      Mrs. Barber Beaumont, Mrs. Byng, and Mrs. Figgins, Ma'am;
      Lady Morgan, Lady Stanhope, old Sir Robert Baker, Ma'am,
      And Mrs. Smith, and Mrs. Frith, and Lord and Lady Dacre, Ma'am.
              Come, ladies, come, 'tis now the time for capering,
              Freedom's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd.

      Then for amusement, so charmingly diversified;
        Poets, painters, patriots, peers, will all be there,
      Wilson's wise letter, by Tommy Campbell versified,
        Cammy Hob will give us to an old Greek air;
      Lord Nugent, in silk pantaloons, will dance a grand bolero,
      And little Moore, to patriot words, will sing us Lil'bulero,
      And Doctor Hume, his spirits raised by half a pint of Farintosh,
      Will stump a Highland _pas de deux_ with Gerald's Jemmy Macintosh.
              Come, ladies, come, 'tis now the time for capering,
              Freedom's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd.

      The supper will be Pic-nic--I'm sure I scarce can pen it, Ma'am,
        But calf's-head soup I know is sent by Doctor Hume;
      Syllabubs and trifles from Mr. Henry Bennet, Ma'am;
        And lamb in various shapes and ways by Mr. Brougham.
      The Maberlys' send mushrooms and saddles two of mutton, Ma'am;
      A cod's head and shoulders Sefton volunteers to put on, Ma'am;
      Chicken-pies from Taylor come, and lobsters from Sir Ronald, Ma'am,
      And gooseberry fool in Scottish pints from Mr. James Macdonald,
              Come, ladies, come, 'tis now the time for capering,
              Freedom's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd.

      Silly Billy volunteer'd to get a royal stag shot,
        To treat the Whigs with venison, but it would not do;
      His Highness was unlucky--so he sent a goose from Bagshot,
        While little Rice has furnish'd us with Irish stew;
      Lord Nugent sends a round of beef with cucumber and mustard, Ma'am,
      And Lady Anne from Holkham sends us up a fine old bustard, Ma'am,
      Peter Moore finds pipes and punch, while Lambton makes the gravies,
      And many little nameless items come from Colonel Davies, Ma'am.
              Run, ladies, run, 'tis now the time for capering,
              Freedom's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd.

      As for the Spaniards, the Cortes, or King Ferdinand,
        I hope, dear Ma'am, you'll not suppose I care one pin,
      A motley ball at Almack's is consider'd quite "a bird in hand"
        By those, who on the decent nights cannot get in!
      Then come yourself, I hope you will, and bring your eldest daughter,
      And Susan Smith, who ran away, if Mr. Smith has caught her, Ma'am;
      Our husbands wish it, and they pay for every-thing to cram us with,
      The principle's the same as that which took us all to Hammersmith.
              Come, madam, come, 'tis now the time for capering,
              Pleasure's flag, at Willis's, is just unfurl'd.



      Of all the trades a  -  go - ing, sure a
      beg - gar is the best, So said a good old
      Eng - lish song, which spoke the truth in jest; and a-
      beg - ging we will go, will go, will
      go, and a  -  beg - ging we will go.]

      Of all the beggars going, who prey on public pence,
      The Whig excels in wants and woes, in tricks and impudence;
        So a begging we will go, will go, will go, so a begging
                we will go.

      The beggar in the public ways, his ills, as merits shews,
      Is lame, or blind, or idiot-struck, or wants his hands or toes;
        When a begging he will go, will go, will go, when a begging
                he will go.

      So, by their faults, the starving Whigs attempt to raise the wind,
      In Council, fools--in action, lame--in understanding, blind;
        And a begging they do go, do go, do go, and a begging
                they do go.

      Old Charles was the leader, the Bampfylde Moore Carew,
      Of that audacious, lying, tricking, filthy, drunken crew;
        And a begging he did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                he did go.

      This cunning Fox, he pray'd, and whined, and swore from door to door,
      That fall'n from a good estate, his virtues kept him poor;
        So a begging he did go, did go, did go, so a begging
                he did go.

      In fact, the rogue play'd, wench'd, and drank two sinecures away,
      And only begg'd to have the means to wench, and drink, and play;
        So a begging he did go, did go, did go, so a begging
                he did go.

      And all the Club at Brookes's, most generous of men--
      Gave readily, what they were sure of--winning back again.
        When a begging he did go, did go, did go, when a begging
                he did go.

      Scots Gerald next went begging, a sufferer by the law;
      He sent the French red cap about, sedition's alms to draw;
        And a begging he did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                he did go.

      But, whether this subscription succeeded ill or well,
      We never heard; but some folks say that Mackintosh could tell;
        And a begging he did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                he did go.

      When bloody Bellingham destroy'd a man he ne'er had known,
      On the lamented felon's grave their sanguine alms were strown;
        And a begging they did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                they did go.

      To take man's life, by law or war, Whigs count a horrid thing,
      But this was an assassin of a servant of the King;
        So a begging they did go, did go, did go, so a begging
                they did go.

      When vulgar Hone to market brought his pointless parody,
      And season'd his sedition with a spice of blasphemy,
        Then a begging he did go, did go, did go, then a begging
                he did go.

      His graceless Grace of Bedford the bold example sets,
      And pays his mite to comfort him--I wish he'd pay his debts;
        For a begging they do go, do go, do go, for a begging
                they do go.

      And by his sire's example led, my Lord of Tavistock,
      Subscribes ten pounds, to prove himself--a chip of the old block:
        And a begging they did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                they did go.

      And Sefton on his death-bed, as it was thought to be,
      Encouraged the blasphemer, just to vex the Ministry;
        When a begging he did go, did go, did go, when a begging
                he did go.

      When Cobbett stole the bones of Paine, it was with the intent
      To raise a penny rate, to buy a seat in Parliament;
        And a begging he did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                he did go.

      But the pure Whigs of Coventry had quite another sense,
      And much preferred receiving pounds to giving him their pence;
        For a begging they do go, do go, do go, for a begging
                they do go.

      When guilty of a libel, the bold Burdett was found,
      And sentenced by a Tory Judge to pay two thousand pound,
        A begging he did go, did go, did go, a begging
                he did go.

      He afterwards refused the aid; but not till the account
      Had shewn him that they ne'er could raise a quarter the amount,
        Though a begging they did go, did go, did go, though a begging
                they did go.

      From begging for the poor they took to begging for the Great,
      And begg'd that they might buy the Queen annuities and plate;
        And a begging they did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                they did go.

      We have not heard if their success in this was bad or good,
      But hope it was the latter, for the sake of Matthew Wood;
        For a begging he did go, did go, did go, for a begging
                he did go.

      A begging he did go indeed, this patriot and sage,
      But 'twas for his own profit when the Queen went off the stage;
        And a begging he did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                he did go.

      But we have reason to suspect that this subscription pines,
      And is about as profitable as his Cornish mines;
        So a begging he will go, will go, will go, so a begging
                he will go.

      And next, lest any class of crime, unhonour'd, should escape,
      The tender Waithman recommends the case of Mr. Snape;
        And a begging he does go, does go, does go, and a begging
                he does go.

      We know not whether Brougham has yet subscribed, but think he must,
      The crime being only forgery--a petty breach of trust;
        So a begging they will go, will go, will go, so a begging
                they will go.

      When Captain Romeo ran away from Naples, in a funk,
      With nothing but a pound of maccaroni in his trunk,
        A begging he did go, did go, did go, a begging
                he did go.

      To keep this pilot of the cause of Italy afloat,
      Enthusiast Bennett's generous hand subscribes--a one-pound note!
        And a begging he did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                he did go.

      We have not breath to spend on all the vicious or the vile--
      On Wooler, Watson, Waddington, Hunt, Honey, and Carlile,
        But a begging they all go, all go, all go, but a begging
                they all go.

      From all the jails, in all the land, their begging-boxes spread,
      And e'en the grave, at Faction's call, delivers up its dead;
        And a begging they do go, do go, do go, and a begging
                they do go.

      But lastly comes a beggar-man, who would be knighthood's shame,
      But that the title he assumes is only a false name;
        When a begging he does go, does go, does go, when a begging
                he does go.

      The soldier, or the sailor, who accosts one in the street,
      Can shew the scars he got, or tell the enemy he beat;
        When a begging he does go, does go, does go, when a begging
                he does go.

      But here's a bold impostor, the sauciest of the batch,
      Who never won a fight at all, and never got a scratch;
        Yet a begging he does go, does go, does go, and a begging
                he does go.

      He has not dealt in blows and blood as silly people think,
      But is a very hero,--in the way of pen and ink;
        But a begging he does go, does go, does go, but a begging
                he does go.

      And thus he can produce us, of the battles he has seen,
      Certificates on paper--having none upon his skin,
        When a begging he does go, does go, does go, when a begging
                he does go.

      While other soldiers Paris took, and France at freedom set,
      This rival hero storm'd a jail, and rescued Lavalette.
        And a begging he did go, did go, did go, and a begging
                he did go.

      So as from no French foeman's head he ere won laurel leaf,
      He hires a French advocate to praise him from his brief;
        And a begging he does go, does go, does go, and a begging
                he does go.

      Thus we have seen subscriptions which disgrace our factious times,
      For every shade, both light and deep, of follies and of crimes;
        When a begging they do go, do go, do go, when a begging
                they do go.

      For drunkards, gamblers, libellers, thieves, smugglers, defamators,
      For forgers and blasphemers, and for murderers and traitors,
        A begging they do go, do go, do go, a begging
                they do go.

      To Wilson's list we wish success; because we hope the money
      Will go to the poor families of Francis and of Hopney;
        Since a begging they do go, do go, do go, since a begging
                they do go.

      For all folks must agree, else differ how they may,
      That they were kill'd upon the field, whence Wilson sneak'd away;
        Though a begging he does go, does go, does go, though a begging
                he does go.


_Tune_--"Run, Neighbours, run."

      Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share,
        In all the famous projects that amuse John Bull;
      Run, take a peep on 'Change, for anxious crowds beset us there,
        Each trying which can make himself the greatest gull.
      No sooner are they puff'd, than an universal wish there is
      For shares in mines, insurances, in foreign loans, and fisheries:
      No matter where the project lies, so violent the mania,
      In Africa, New Providence, Peru, or Pennsylvania!
          Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share
          In all the famous bubbles that amuse John Bull.

      Few folks for news very anxious at this crisis are,
        For marriages, and deaths, and births, no thirst exists;
      All take the papers in, to find out what the prices are
        Of shares in this or that, upon the brokers' lists.
      The doctor leaves his patient, the pedagogue his Lexicon,
      For mines of Real Monte, or for those of Anglo-Mexican:
      E'en Chili bonds don't cool the rage, nor those still more romantic,
      For new canals to join the seas, Pacific and Atlantic, sir.
          Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share
          In all the famous bubbles that amuse John Bull.

      At home we have projects too for draining surplus capital,
        And honest Master Johnny of his cash to chouse;
      Tho' t'other day, Judge Abbott gave a rather sharpish slap at all,
        And Eldon launch'd his thunder from the Upper House.
      Investment banks to lend a lift to people who are undone--
      Proposals for assurance--there's no end of that in London;
      And one amongst the number, who in Parliament now press their Bills,
      For lending cash at eight per cent. on coats and inexpressibles.
          Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share
          In all the famous bubbles that amuse John Bull.

      No more with her bright pails the milkman's rosy daughter works,
        A Company must serve you now with milk and cream;
      Perhaps they've some connection with the advertising water-works,
        That promise to supply you from the limpid stream.
      Another body corporate would fain some pence and shillings get,
      By selling fish at Hungerford, and knocking up old Billingsgate;
      Another takes your linen, when it's dirty, to the suds, sir,
      And brings it home in carriages with four nice bits of blood, sir.
          Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share
          In all the famous bubbles that amuse John Bull.

      When Greenwich coaches go by steam on roads of iron railing, sir,
        How pleasant it will be to see a dozen in a line;
      And ships of heavy burden over hills and valleys sailing, sir,
        Shall cross from Bristol's Channel to the Tweed or Tyne.
      And Dame Speculation, if she ever fully hath her ends,
      Will give us docks at Bermondsey, St. Saviour's, and St. Catherine's;
      While side-long bridges over mud shall fill the folks with wonder,
      And lamp-light tunnels all day long, convey Cockneys under, sir.
          Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share
          In all the famous bubbles that amuse John Bull.

      A tunnel underneath the sea, from Calais straight to Dover, sir,
        That qualmish folks may cross by land from shore to shore,
      With sluices made to drown the French, if e'er they would come over,
        Has long been talk'd of, till at length 'tis thought a monstrous
      Amongst the many scheming folks, I take it he's no ninny, sir,
      Who bargains with the Ashantees to fish the coast of Guinea, sir.
      For, secretly, 'tis known, that another brilliant view he has,
      Of lighting up the famous town of Timbuctoo with oil gas.
          Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share
          In all the famous bubbles that amuse John Bull.

      Then a company is form'd, though not yet advertising,
        To build, upon a splendid scale, a large balloon,
      And send up tools and broken stones for fresh Mac-Adamizing
        The new discover'd turnpike-roads which cross the moon.
      But the most inviting scheme of all, is one proposed for carrying
      Large furnaces to melt the ice which hems poor Captain Parry in;
      They'll then have steam-boats twice a week to all the newly-seen
      And call for goods and passengers at Labrador and Greenland!
          Run, neighbours, run, you're just in time to get a share
          In all the famous bubbles that amuse John Bull.


_Tune_--"The Tight Little Island."

      "Ye Whigs, now attend, and list to a friend,
        If you value a free Constitution,
      Every nerve let us strain for the patriots of Spain,
        And cry up their brave Revolution.
          Huzza! for the brave Revolution!
          Success to the brave Revolution!
      We'll all to a man, bawl as loud as we can,
          Huzza! for the brave Revolution!

      "When Boney invaded their country, and waded
        Through oceans of blood to make Joe king,
      We ne'er made a push, and cared not a rush
        If Spain had a king, or had no king:
          But then there was no Revolution!
          No enlightening, wise Revolution!
      They only fought then, for their king back again,
          And not for a brave Revolution!

      "We once made a rout, most valiant and stout,
        For Naples to throw off her yoke, sirs,
      But Tories so wary, vow'd base Carbonari
        Were thieves, and their valour all smoke, sirs!
          To nought came their grand Revolution!
          Upset was their grand Revolution!
      Poor, thick-headed calves, they were rebels by halves
          And made nought of their grand Revolution!

      "Then we spouted for weeks, in aid of the Greeks,
        But they proved rather lax in their works, sirs,
      For the brave Parguinotes, in cutting of throats,
        Excell'd e'en the murderous Turks, sirs;
          So we gave up the Greek Revolution,
          None thought of the Greek Revolution,
      Folks cared not a straw whether Turkish Bashaw
          Ruled the roast--or the Greek Revolution.

      "But Spain, with true bravery, spurning her slavery,
        Vows she'll have freedom, or die now,
      And all that she'll need will be trifles indeed,
        Such as arms, ammunition, and rhino!
          Success to her brave resolutions!
          And just to collect contributions,
      At dinner we'll meet in Bishopsgate-street,
          In aid of her brave resolutions!"

      So to feasting they went, on a Friday in Lent,
        And muster'd what forces they could, sirs;
      There was Duke San Lorenzo, with plenty of friends, O,
        Great Sussex, and Alderman Wood, sirs!
          The Spaniards push'd hard their petition
          For money to buy ammunition,
      But they met with a balk, for Whigs are all talk,
          With nought else would they help their petition.

      They didn't ask Hume, for fear, in a fume,
        At the cost of the war he'd be nibbling,
      So they left him to fight in the Commons all night,
        With Palmerston's estimates quibbling.
          He there with much circumlocution,
          Moved many a wise resolution,
      While the still wiser Whigs were feasting like pigs,
          In the cause of the grand Revolution!

      Don Holland of Kensington, while his Whig friends in town,
        Grand tavern-speeches were planning,
      Wrote a note just to tell the brave Arguelles
        How much wiser the Whigs are than Canning.
          "All England one feeling displays, sir,
          Never mind what the Minister says, sir!
      At him you may hoot--and the Council to boot,
          For England is all in a blaze, sir!"

      As the Whigs had for years rung peace in our ears,
        When for war the whole nation did burn, sirs,
      'Twould surely be hard, if they now were debarr'd
        From crying for war in their turn, sirs!
          So Mackintosh made an oration,
          As bold as a war proclamation,
      Then finish'd his boast, with this apposite toast,
          "May peace be preserved to the nation!"

      Then leave 'em to prate, and spout, and debate,
        We all know there's nought but a show meant;
      Let 'em blow hot and cold--be shy, or be bold,
        As the humour prevails at the moment:
          Let 'em cry up the grand Revolution!
          The gallant and brave Revolution!
      And all to a man--bawl as loud as they can,
          "Huzza! for the brave Revolution!"


Preserved among the Tales of Wonder, is, without permission,
inscribed to a Major-General of the British Army, Knight Commander of
the Order of the Bath, Agent for the Ionian Islands, and a Pensioner
of the present Administration, &c., &c., &c.

      Oh! deep was the sorrow, and sad was the day,
      When death took our gracious old Monarch away,
      And gave us a Queen, lost to honour and fame,
      Whose manners are folly, whose conduct is shame;
      Who with aliens and vagabonds long having stroll'd,
      Soon caught up their morals, loose, brazen, and bold.

      She had traversed the globe in all quarters, to show
      To what depth of debasement a Princess could go;
      And with front unabash'd, when her guilt was display'd,
      The altar insulted with impious parade;
      Whilst sick with disgust at a scene so profane,
      Not one decent female would move in her train.

      She paid a vile rabble to shout round her car,
      Her teachers, so pious, were Fellowes and Parr;
      Her councillors, Aldermen Waithman and Wood,
      Could she find nothing worse? She might try if she could.
      Abroad there was nothing more low than her groom,
      At home there are Wilson, Moore, Hobhouse, and Hume.

      Oh! what will the rancour of party not do!
      Ye Howards and Russells, this sigh is for you!
      To an union so base can ye bend your proud will?
      Yes, great though the peril, unmeasured the ill,
      Through the country delusion and clamour must ring,
      And your rivals to strike, you must menace your King.

      In Suffolk, to aid in so loyal a plan,
      From Mildenhall upstarts a little dark man;
      His hue it was bilious, his eyes they were ghast,
      Long and pale were his fingers that held a quill fast,
      And grimly he scowl'd, whilst his rancour and spleen
      Distill'd in a spurious Address to the Queen.

      How spotless and pure was this paragon shown!
      How safe, through its friends, an attack on the Throne,
      Their motives were wicked, their actions were base;--
      Some wonder'd, no doubt, at so alter'd a case,
      Who cannot forget, though 'tis plain that _he_ can,
      The favours they heap'd on this dark little man.

      From childhood the imp in the Palace was rear'd,
      Its bounties his parents, his kindred all shared;
      With rapid advancement, too rapid by half,
      He outstripp'd the foremost of line or of staff;
      But soon from the chances of service withdrew,
      With the profits and safety of office in view.

      To Liverpool, Bathurst, and colleagues he bow'd;
      He courted their smiles, and attachment he vow'd;
      Obtain'd a snug place, with the means to do ill,
      To some who despised, but remember it still:
      He was fearlessly trusted, and laugh'd in his sleeve--
      "Those you mean to betray you must ever deceive."

      Indulged by his patrons, the confident elf,
      No talent imagined except in himself;
      Of the merits of others a censor severe,
      Even Wellington might not escape from his sneer;
      But they trusted him still, not suspecting his plan,
      Ah, little they knew of the dark little man!

      Next a General's apparel he put on, so new,
      The coat of fine scarlet, the facings of blue,
      With gold all embroider'd so costly; and last
      The loop with the plume that waved high in the blast,
      'Twould have vex'd you at heart, if such sights ever can,
      To have gazed on the dizen'd-out little dark man.

      That Order, of Heroes the dying bequest,
      Its ribbon that blush'd as it cover'd his breast;
      The Star and the Badge that tried valour should wear,
      As if he had earn'd them, he took to his share:
      Like a pigmy he climb'd up on Honour's high tree,
      And blazon'd his name with a large K. C. B.

      Now the battle of battles was won!!--O'er his foes
      Triumphant the lion of England arose,
      And gave peace to the world.--No longer, 'twas plain,
      The little dark man could his office retain;
      Reluctant he went, but he pocketed clear,
      In pension and place, fifteen hundred a year.

      He growl'd and intrigued but in vain--he is gone!
      Soon forgotten by most, and regretted by none:
      But to sink in oblivion he cannot endure,
      The moment seems tempting, the victims secure.
      Strike! strike at your friends! The foul blow it was sped,
      And with terrible justice recoil'd on his head.

      The little dark man then he set up a yell,
      And the Hundred of Lackford was roused by the spell;
      He raised up his head, and he raised up his chin,
      And he grinn'd, and he shouted a horrible grin,
      And he laugh'd a faint laugh, and his cap up he cast;
      But pension and sinecure still he holds fast.

      When a score and three days make the age of the year,
      To St. Stephen's, the Lords and the Commons repair:
      E'er a score and three more, so the King might decree
      The country another election may see.
      But the brave men of Suffolk have seen through his plan,
      And will baffle the arts of the little dark man.


      Rich and furr'd was the robe he wore,
      And a bright gold chain on his breast he bore;
      But, och! his speaking was far beyond
      Waithman himself, with his snow-white wand.

      "Humpty! do'st thou not fear to stray
      With the Lady, so far from the King's highway?
      Are Britain's sons so dull or so cold,
      As still to be cheated with tinsel for gold?"

      "Mistress Dumpty! I feel not the least alarm--
      No placemen ever dare do me harm;
      For though they vote her and me a bore,
      They love their own heads, and their places more."

      On he went--in her coach to ride,
      While he cozen'd the Lady who sat by his side
      And lost for ever was she who was led
      By Humpty's honour--and Dumpty's head!


      While Johnny Gale Jones the memorial was keeping,
        Of penny subscriptions from traitors and thieves,
      Hard by at his elbow, sly Watson stood peeping,
        And counting the sums at the end of the leaves.
      But oh, what a grin on his visage shone bright,
        When, after perusing whole pages of shame--
                  'Midst his _soi-disant_ betters,
                  In vilely-form'd letters,
      The Doctor beheld little Waddington's name!

      "Hail, imp of sedition!" he cried, while he nodded
        His head, and the spectacles drew from his eyes,
      "Magnanimous pigmy! since Carlile's been quodded,
        We wanted some shopman, about of your size!
      For, though many we've had, yet unbless'd was their lot,
        When Murray and Sharpe with the constables came,
                  And for want of good bail
                  They were sent off to jail,
      And their mittimus sign'd with an Alderman's name."

      Then come, the last crown of thy toils is remaining,
        The greatest, the grandest that thou hast yet known;
      Though proud was thy task my placard-board sustaining,
        Still prouder to utter placards of thine own!
      High perch'd on that counter, where Carlile once stood,
        Issue torrents of blasphemy, treason, and shame,
                  While snug in your box,
                  Well secur'd with two locks,
      We'll defy them to get little Waddington's name.



        The Old Whig Club is meeting, Duke,
        'Tis now the time for eating, Duke,
            How sweet to joke,
            To sing and smoke,
        While these foolish men stand treating, Duke!
      Then harangue, and not in vain, my Duke,
      At them again and again, my Duke!
            The best of all ways
            To speak in these days,
      Is to steal a few thoughts from Tom Paine, my Duke!

        Now all the Whigs are sleeping, Duke,
        But the mob, through the casement peeping, Duke,
            At you and your star,
            Which we really are
        Surpris'd at your meanness in keeping, Duke!
      Go home, your task is done, my Duke,
      The watchmen's boxes shun, my Duke,
            Or, in watching the flight
            Of traitors by night,
      They may happen to take you for one, my Duke!


      Ye Aldermen! list to my lay--
        Oh, list, ere your bumpers ye fill--
      Her Majesty's dead!--lack-a-day!
        She remember'd me not in her will.
      Oh, folly! oh baneful ill-luck!
        That I ever to court her begun;
      She was Queen, and I could not but suck--
        But she died, and poor Matty's undone!

      Perhaps I was void of all thought,
        Perhaps it was plain to foresee,
      That a Queen so complete would be sought
        By a courtier more knowing than me.
      But self-love each hope can inspire,
        It banishes _wisdom_ the while;
      And I thought she would surely admire
        My countenance, whiskers, and smile.

      She is dead though, and I am undone!
        Ye that witness the woes I endure,
      Oh let me instruct you to shun
        What I cannot instruct you to cure:
      Beware how you loiter in vain
        Amid nymphs of a higher degree;
      It is not for me to explain
        How fair and how fickle they be.

      Alas! that her lawyers e'er met,
        They alone were the cause of my woes;
      Their tricks I can never forget--
        Those lawyers undid my repose.
      Yet the _Times_ may diminish my pain,
        If the _Statesman_ and _Traveller_ agree--
      Which I rear'd for her pleasure in vain--
        Yes, the _Times_ shall have comfort for me.

      Mrs. W--d, ope your doors then apace;
        To your deepest recesses I fly;
      I must hide my poor woe-begone face.
        I must vanish from every eye.
      But my sad, my deplorable lay,
        My reed shall resound with it still:--
      How her Majesty died t'other day,
        And remember'd me not in her will.

[Illustration: THEODORE OF PUT-KNEE.

  =A= my bad knee.
  =B= my beard.
  =C= my crural tendon,
   " or muscle--
   " or artery--
   " or something,--as big as your fist.
  =D= my well leg.
  =E= the place where my hair was when I was young.]








  [Illustration: (pen portrait)]

  Some Time






  "Hook had returned to England penniless; but he brought with him
  stores, the result of increased knowledge of the world and of an
  observation active under every vicissitude of fortune, which,
  with his singular facility in composition, were readily reducible
  to current coin. According, notwithstanding the harassing and
  protracted business at the Audit-office, he found time to strike
  off a succession of papers and pamphlets, the proceeds of which
  for some months formed his sole income. These, for obvious
  reasons, were published anonymously; and from this fact, and that
  of their being for the most part mere hits at the politics of the
  day, they have, with scarcely an exception, been swept from the
  face of the literary globe, and are only to be met with in the
  museums of such curious collectors as Tom Hill and the like.

  "One of these _jeux d'esprit_, entitled '_Tentamen_; or, an
  Essay towards the History of Whittington, some time Lord Mayor
  of London, by Dr. Vicesimus Blinkinsop,' produced no little
  sensation, and ran rapidly through two or three editions.
  Hook, however, we believe, was not suspected to be the author.
  This _opusculum_, which is now extremely rare, and a copy of
  which would fetch quadruple its original price, was an attack,
  conducted in a strain of elaborate irony, equal to the happiest
  efforts of Martinus Scriblerus, upon the worthy Alderman Wood
  (a portrait of whom adorned the title-page), and his royal



_Earl of Inverness, and Baron Arklow_:

President of the Society of Arts; Grand Master of the United Grand
Lodge of the Ancient Masons of England; Colonel of the Honourable
Artillery Company; Colonel Commandant of the Loyal North Britain
Volunteers; Vice President of the Bible Society; of the Infirmary
for Asthma, Union Street, Bishopsgate; of the London Dispensary,
Artillery Street, Bishopsgate; and of the Public Dispensary, Bishop's
Court, Chancery Lane; of the Universal Medical Institution, Ratcliff
Highway; of the _Original_ Vaccine Pock Institution, Broad Street,
Golden Square; of the Free Masons' Charity, St. George's Fields, and
one of the Trustees of the same; Patron of the Mile End Philanthropic
Society; Vice Patron of the Westminster General Dispensary, 32,
Gerrard Street, Soho; of the Society for the Relief of the Ruptured
Poor; of the Universal Dispensary for Children, St. Andrew's Hill,
Doctors' Commons; of the Lancasterian School Society, Borough
Road; Patron of the Choral Fund, and of the Northern Dispensary,
Duke's Road, New Road; Vice President of Queen Charlotte's Lying-in
Hospital, Lisson Green; of the Benevolent Institution for delivering
Married Women at their own Habitations, Hungerford Coffee House,
Strand; and of the General Central Lying-in Charity, Great Queen
Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields; Knight of the Garter; President of
the Beef Steak Club; One of His Majesty's _most_ Honourable Privy
Council; and a FISHMONGER.[27]

SIR,--Your connexion with the fine arts and the city of London so
honourably celebrated in the preceding enumeration of your titles,
is a combination of merits wholly unexpected and unprecedented. You
alone, Sir, among the members of scientific bodies, can glory in
being a Fishmonger; and you alone, among Fishmongers, can boast of
being President of the Society of Arts.

Glorious, and more truly honourable, than rank or ribbons, is the
list of the numerous charities of which your Royal Highness is the
ostensible head. It may seem, at first sight, inconsistent with the
Christian precepts to give so much notoriety to benevolent actions;
but, even in this view, your Royal Highness's conduct is above all
imputation: that precept applies to the hand, and not to the head;
and though your Royal Highness gives your great personal weight to
the chair of those associations, your worst enemy cannot say that
you were ever known to give any thing else. Your left hand (which,
agreeably to the scriptural suggestion, is as discerning as your
Royal Highness's intellect) does certainly not know of any particular
charity, performed by your Royal Highness's right hand.

You are thus enabled, Sir, to extend the sphere of your utility and
beneficence. Actual donations must have had a limit; but the charity
which costs nothing, may, as we see in your Royal Highness's case, be
indefinitely extended, to the great encouragement and increase of the
contributions of others.

To all the above mentioned distinctions, equally high, equally
honourable, and equally deserved, your Royal Highness, on the
principle just stated,--that you have still countenance enough to
bestow on meritorious institutions,--has intimated your gracious
intention of succeeding Sir Joseph Banks as President of the Royal
Society. Amongst your many and obvious claims to this situation, the
first is, that you are a _fishmonger_; for thus your Royal Highness
will be in a condition to solve that celebrated problem propounded to
the Society by its Royal Founder Charles the Second, and which has
not been yet satisfactorily explained, relative to the respective
gravities of fish, dead or alive. Nor if the late President had been
a fishmonger, would the Society have been involved in the failure and
disgrace of that experiment which the indignant poet has immortalized
by the line

      "Fleas are not lobsters--Damn their souls!"

But though I could not avoid touching upon these matters, it is as
a citizen of London, and as the condescending friend of our most
patriotic magistrates--our modern Whittingtons--that I presume to
address your Royal Highness, and to solicit your favour to an essay
towards the history of that great man, the honour of which cannot
fail to be reflected on his successors; and in addition to this
gracious patronage for myself, I am charged by others to solicit your
Royal Highness, to be pleased to lend your name as President to a new
literary and most useful association, held in Bearbinder Lane, at
the back of the Mansion House, called "The Whittington Institution,
for teaching Aldermen to read, write, cypher, and dance, on Mr.
Lancaster's system."

In humble hope of your Royal Highness's most gracious condescension,
I have the honour to remain, Sir,

  Your Royal Highness's
  Most devoted and obedient Servant,

[Illustration: (end of section icon)]


In looking at the propensities of the age we live in, comparatively
with those of times past, one cannot fail to observe a laudable love
for the noble science of antiquities: of which it may be truly said,
that it is conversant with peaceful and unoffending yesterdays, while
the idle votaries of the world are busied about to-day, and the
visionaries of ambition are dreaming of to-morrow.

Connected with this grave and useful pursuit is the general
inclination to search into the minutiæ of history, which never before
prevailed amongst us in so ardent a degree. The smallest information
upon traditional points is received with an avidity more salutary
and commendable than that which is the result of a commonplace love
of novelty; and the smaller the information, the greater the merit
of the painstaking author; who, like a skilful clock-maker, or other
nice handy-craftsman, is lauded in proportion to the minuteness of
his work.

Such are, for instance, the valuable discoveries which that excellent
philosopher and novelist Mr. Godwin hath made and edited, of and
concerning the great poet Chaucer; and, inasmuch as the nice and
small works of clock-makers, which we have mentioned, are carefully
placed in huge towers and steeples, beyond malicious or impertinent
curiosity, so this prudent philosopher hath disposed his small facts
in two tall volumes, equally out of the reach of the vulgar.

Such also are those valuable illustrations of the private lives of
public men which have issued from the Press under the titles of
"Ana," "Remains," and "Memoirs," and which have so admirably answered
the purposes for which they were put forth--namely, that of being
sold--while they at the same time maintain a discreet silence on
all matters which the ingenious subject of the biography might wish
to conceal, agreeably to that excellent maxim, _de mortuis nil nisi
bonum_: by these means, such treatises become a delectable kind of
reading, wherein nothing is admitted which can hurt the feelings
of any of the worthy persons mentioned in the course of the work,
particularly if they be deceased. This mode of writing conduces to
good humour and charity amongst men, and manifestly tends, as Dr.
Johnson observes on another occasion, to raise the general estimate
of human nature.

On these principles and considerations have I been induced, at no
small cost of time and labour, to endeavour to throw a new light upon
the life of Matthew Whittington, some time Mayor (or Lord Mayor, as
the courtesy goeth) of this worthy City of London,--a man, whose fame
needs no addition, but only to be placed in a proper point of view,
to challenge the admiration of a grateful posterity of Mayors and

In humble imitation of my aforesaid friend Mr. Godwin, and of divers
other well-reputed authors, I have written this life in one hundred
and seventy-eight quires of foolscap paper, in a small and close,
but neat hand; which by my computation, having counted the number
of words therein contained, as well as the number of words in the
learned Bishop Watson's life of himself (which made my excellent
friend Dr. Snodgrass, who lent me the same, facetiously declare,
that I was the only man he ever knew who could get through it); I
say, having counted all these words, I find that my life of Mr.
Whittington (including thirteen quires on the general history of
Cats) would, if duly printed after the manner of Mr. Davison, who
never puts more than sixteen lines into a quarto page, make or
constitute five volumes of a similar size and shape to Dr. Watson's
life, which, with cuts by Mr. John Britton, author of several curious
topographical works, might be sold for the reasonable sum of £31
10_s._, being only six guineas the volume; and if it should please
the Legislature, in its wisdom, to repeal the Copy-right Bill (by
which costly books are made accessible to poor students at the
Universities, who have no business with such sort of works), my said
work might be furnished at the reduced price of £31 4_s._ 6_d._

But small as this sum is, it is with grief I say, that such is the
badness of the times, occasioned by the return of peace, and the
late long succession of plentiful harvests, that I find booksellers
strangely reluctant to embark in this transaction with me.[28] They
offer indeed to print my work if I can get it previously praised
in the _Edinburgh Review_; and the Reviewers say, that they are
not unwilling to praise it, but that it must, of a necessity, be
previously printed.

I have observed to Mr. Jeffrey in my seventh letter to him on this
subject, that this condition is not only new and injurious to me,
but, by his own showing, clearly gratuitous and unnecessary; because,
for aught that appears in the generality of his articles, he may
never have read the work which is the subject-matter of them; nay, it
hath sometimes been proved from the context, that he never hath even
seen the work at all; and as this little accident hath not hindered
his writing an excellent essay under colour of such work, so I
contended, that he need not now make the preliminary _sine quâ non_,
as to having my work printed; for "de non impressis et de non lectis
eadem est ratio."

But I grieve to say, that all my well-grounded reasoning hath been
unavailing; and as neither party will give up his notion, I stand at
a dead lock between the booksellers and reviewers.

In this dilemma, I should--like Aristotle's celebrated ass--have
starved till doomsday; but that, through the kindness and prudent
advice of my learned friends Mr. Jonas Backhouse, Jun. of
Pocklington, and the Rev. Doctor Snodgrass of Hog's-Norton, I have
been put upon a mode of extricating myself, by publishing, in a small
form, a tentamen, specimen, or abridgement of part of my great work,
which I am told Mr. Jeffrey will not object to review, he being
always ready to argue "à particulari ad universale:" so that, in
future time, the learned world may have hope of seeing my erudite
labours at full length, whereof this dissertation is a short and
imperfect sample or pattern.

       *       *       *       *       *

The whole history of the illustrious Whittington is enveloped
in doubt. The mystery begins even before he is born; for no one
knows who his mother, and still less who his father, was. We are
in darkness as to where he first saw the light, and though it is
admitted that he most probably had a Christian name, _adhuc sub
judice lis est_, as to what that Christian name was.

This important point, however, my revered friend, the Rev. Dr.
Snodgrass of Hog's-Norton hath enabled me to decide.

Tradition has handed down to us that Whittington was a charity
boy, as it is called, and received the rudiments of letters at the
parish school of Hog's-Norton aforesaid; this clue directed the
Doctor's researches, and by that enlightened zeal for which he was
conspicuous, he has been so fortunate as to discover rudely carved on
the wainscot by some fellow-pupil,

  M. W. IS A FOOL;
  And one, which is more satisfactory,

This date seems at first sight to apply to a period long posterior
to Mr. Whittington; but when we recollect how often the wisest men,
the most careful copyists, the most expert printers, mistake dates
and transpose figures, we are not to be surprised at a similar error
in an unlettered and heedless school-boy; and therefore, as Dr.
Snodgrass judiciously advises--(a noble conjecture indeed, which
places the critic almost on a level with the original writer)--the
mistake may be corrected by the simple change of placing the figures
in their obvious proper order, 1277, which, as Mr. Whittington is
known to have been Sheriff or Mayor about the year 1330, when he
was probably near sixty, shews that he was about seven when at
Hog's-Norton; and proves incontestably, that to him and him alone
these ancient and fortunately discovered inscriptions refer.

Having established their authenticity, it is easy to show that Mr.
Whittington's name was not Richard, as the vulgar fondly imagine; R,
and not M, being the initial of Richard; and we might perhaps have
doubted between Matthew, Mathias, Moses, Melchisedec or Mark; but the
concluding W. of the last inscription seems to settle the matter in
favour of Matthew, which is the only name that I know of in ordinary
use which begins with M, and ends, as all the world sees, with a W.

I shall say little of an erroneous supposition--built on the strength
of the words "fool," "dunce," and "stupid dog;" and on the manifestly
mistaken date,--which would refer these characteristic sentences to
a worthy alderman now alive; (with whose initials they do, indeed,
by a strange accident, agree.) Such a supposition is clearly false
and untenable, as may be proved by one decisive observation, _inter
alia_; that they appear to be the work of some jealous rival,
displeased at Mr. Whittington's superior ability: perhaps they
were even engraved by a fraud on the parish furniture, after Mr.
Whittington's rise had given some handle to envy; whereas it is well
known and universally admitted, to be the happiness of the worthy
alderman now alive, that no human being either ever did, or could
envy _him_:--this sets that important question asleep for ever.

It may seem to some readers that these epithets,--opprobria, as
some may think them,--do not redound to the credit of Mr. Alderman
Whittington's intellect; but even if they are not, as before
suggested, the production of envy, they are by no means inconsistent
with Whittington's successful progress in life; on the contrary,
they seem to designate him as a person who would naturally rise to
City honours. It is grown to be a proverb, and admitted by the best
writers on the subject, that Lord Mayors are "stupid dogs."[29] The
City hath a prescription to choose "fools," for places of honour
therein; and, as Matthew was at least twice Lord Mayor, he might with
great propriety have been twice as great a fool as any of the others.

This leads me to the important consideration of how often the
illustrious Matthew had the honour of so worthily filling the Civic

An ancient and well-known ballad has this beautiful, and indeed
important, rhyme,--

                "---- ---- Whittington,
      _Twice_ Lord Mayor of London."[30]

Some copies indeed, and one in particular, (penis R. Pria Knight,
F.R.S.) have it "thrice." This, however, on a careful collation with
all the best MSS. and some very fair black-letter editions, has been
most satisfactorily disproved: it has crept into the old versions,
either from the well-known predilection for the _trine_ number; or,
from the writer's having composed the work during Matthew's second
Mayoralty, when, as it appears from some old papers in the Tower,
he, as well as many of his zealous friends, had a notion that he
would have been again elected to the dignified office which he had
for two successive years filled so satisfactorily--to himself.

That such a re-election would have delighted him, nobody can doubt,
who is aware of the fact of his being so anxious to discharge
correctly the duties of his great office, that he practised the
part,--or, as it is in one account quaintly phrased, _played at
Lord Mayor_,--for some time before he had attained the station; and
for many years after he had passed the chair, evinced his gratitude
by keeping up the same laudable practice. An old account of one of
his private dinners states, that even to the day of his death, when
he was at home, he sat in state at the head of his table, with his
loving spouse beside him, and his chief guest, if it were but the
deputy of the ward, upon his right, while the other members of his
family were ranged as regularly in order as if they had been at the
Easter dinner in the Mansion House.

As it affects Mr. Whittington's character, the little variation
between twice and thrice is at present quite immaterial. He that
deserved to be twice Lord Mayor could hardly have been additionally
ennobled by having been so three or more times; and, considering that
the statements rest on public rumour, and, perhaps, the partiality
of friends, of which not one-half is generally true, it seems a not
unfair proportion to believe two-thirds.

But, proud as Matthew naturally was at his double elevation, for he
had sitten on the two forks of the civic Parnassus, it seems that
in a subsequent period of his life he began to grow weary of his
legitimate honours, and bursting from that civic chrysalis, the
alderman's gown, strove to soar by gaudier flights into what it may
be imagined he deemed better company. But the City Icarus tried his
wings, there is reason to suppose, in a temperature somewhat too
glowing; and if it were not for that indulgent principle of modern
biography to which I have alluded, of saying nothing disagreeable
either of the living or dead, I might be able to show that Matthew
had earned the detestation of some, the ridicule of others, and the
contempt of all, and forfeited much of that grave respect which
aldermen are heirs to, by presuming to meddle with things the which
he could of no possibility understand.

The several particulars of his life upon which the old Chronicles
are at variance, and which in my large work I think I may--_absit
invidia_--say, I have reconciled and explained, are these:--

1. His political principles.

2. His trade, and what it really was.

3. The quality of his intellect.

4. The quantity[31] of his intellect.

5. Whether the bells did preternaturally ring his recall to London;
or, whether it were merely the force of his own vanity which gave
this favourable meaning to an idle sound.

6. Whether he really was maltreated, as tradition reports, by a

7. What sort of company he kept.

8. What the Cat was by which he rendered himself chiefly notorious,
and whether his famous expedition to catch the Cat was undertaken
prior, or subsequently, to his second Mayoralty.

9. And lastly, whether he died a natural or disgraceful death.

All these are points at issue, and will probably so continue till
the publication of my great work, except one, namely, the 8th, which
relates to his memorable Cat, upon which it is my intention to offer
in this _opusculum_ some lights and solutions.

History cannot perhaps be impartially written during the lives
of those to whom it relates, and the nine-fold term of existence
assigned to the feline species has probably been the cause of much
of the misrepresentation which we are, alas! doomed to deplore; but
sufficient time has now elapsed since Whittington, and even since his
Cat, left the world, to have destroyed every particle of prejudice,
and it is a great satisfaction to me to be able to speak plainly
upon the subject, without the fear of an imputation of any feeling,
other than a strict love of truth and justice, tempered and directed
by that candid resolution which I have avowed, of not saying a harsh
thing even of a dead Cat.

As some of the hypotheses upon the very intricate subject of the
Cat, suppose her to have been a human female, it seems proper, _in
limine_, to satisfy the fair sex, by setting at rest the disputes
which have hitherto existed as to Matthew's personal appearance. We
always feel more interested in a hero after he has been described to
us, even if (as it is in this case) his _tout-ensemble_ should happen
not to be particularly engaging; indeed, who can be so extravagant
and preposterous as to look for personal beauty in an alderman? It
is therefore not derogating from his great character to confess
that Matthew Whittington, to judge of him by a woodcut (the only
genuine likeness extant), had one of those hard and vulgar faces
which resemble the heads of certain clumsily-carved walking-sticks,
or tobacco-stoppers, in which a fixed smile relaxes (by the mere
comicality of its brisk and vulgar self-satisfaction) the muscles of
the beholders. Mr. W. seemed to smile eternally at himself, and the
smile was so contagious, that few could look at him without laughing.

It is also necessary towards understanding what is to follow, that
I should touch a little on the progress of this great man to the
mercantile eminence which he afterwards (whether by means of the Cat
or not) attained.

It is known that the Kings of England have a private, or rather a
notoriously public, mark, whereby they distinguish their property,
known to the initiated as the King's _Broad Arrow_, but vulgarly
called the King's Broad R. This mark is held up by all "dealers in
marine stores" of these our days to their children as the Scylla of
their voyage through life. They are taught never to purloin (if there
be any other within reach) any timber, thick stuff, or plank, or iron
or copper bolts, belaying-pins, gudgeons, stauncheons, fastenings
or sheathing, or any other article having on or about it the King's
Broad Arrow by "stamp, brand, or otherwise," and carefully to abstain
(as far as possible) from meddling with any cordage of three inches
and upwards wrought with a white thread the contrary way (which
thread is improperly called the rogue's yarn) or any canvas wrought
or unwrought with a blue streak in the middle; or any bewper wrought
with one or more streaks of raised white tape, as they believe in and
fear the 22 Charles II., cap. 5; the 9 and 10 William III., cap. 41;
9 George I., cap. 8; 17 George II., cap. 40; 39 and 40 George III.,
cap. 89, sects. 5 and 6 most especially.[32]

Unfortunately, Mr. Whittington early in life formed an intimacy
with a man whose name was Joshua, who, for want of proper tuition,
had fallen foul, not exactly of the above-named statutes (inasmuch
as they were enacted long after his demise, and were therefore,
strictly speaking, not applicable to him) but of sundry others,
partly confirmed and partly repealed by the 31 of Elizabeth, cap. 4,
which unfortunately affected him, since he was detected in the fact
of adapting to his own use sundry marked articles appertaining to our
then liege sovereign, Edward I. This Joshua was of a very low origin,
and was ironically called Joshua the son of _none_, never having an
ostensible father or mother; to which untoward circumstance may
be charitably attributed the errors into which he was occasionally
betrayed. The first notion of property which a child receives, is
from being told, I am _your_ parent; you are _my_ son; this is _your_
milk; that is _his_ bread. The poor innocent who does not receive
this early instruction is naturally deficient in this particular;
whence it happens that such persons are generally found rather lax
in their principles of _meum_ and _tuum_ to the end of their lives;
which, however, by an equal dispensation of Providence, are usually
shortened by a special interposition of the law.

Matthew's affection, we are led to believe, was less for this man's
qualities than for his property; and with that characteristic
prudence injuriously called cunning, he resolved to live on good
terms with him, so that, although he should never run the risk of
engaging actively in the acquirement of capital, he might (knowing
how bare of branches Joshua's family tree was) at some future
period get possession of whatever this receiver-general might have
accumulated: indeed, while quite a lad he continually used to say
when shewing Joshua's cellars full of iron to any acquaintance--"I
consider that one day or other these will all be mine, Sir;" and so
eventually they were.

It was in allusion to these hoards, and the means and times by which
they were collected, that in the quaint biblical facetiousness of
that age it used to be observed, that if Joshua of old had known how
to do his business by night, as well as his modern namesake, he need
not have desired the sun to stand still; a witticism which Speed
records with great delight.

It is after this era in Matthew's life that all the writers are
puzzled; it has been ascertained that he was apprenticed to a trade,
but what that trade was, or what affinity it bore to the traffic he
subsequently carried on, nobody has yet decided. The incident which
drove him from his master's house was, as is generally allowed, a
beating (or more technically speaking a basting) which the kitchen
wench gave him as a punishment for purloining a sop in the pan, a
mode of acquiring, to which his admiration of Joshua's proceedings
had probably given him a turn.

It is also added, that Whittington had a sneaking kindness, or what
is politely called a _tendre_ for the housemaid of the family, who
espoused his cause in this very quarrel, and that he never ceased
to retain a feeling of gratitude towards one of his fellow-servants
commensurate with his just animosity towards the other.

There is a probability on the face of this fact, which is opposed
to the story of his attachment to Miss Alice Fitzwarren, his
master's daughter. Affections or antipathies formed in youth, and
nurtured through life, always manifest themselves in the more marked
peculiarities of age, and certain it is that Mr. Whittington when
in very different circumstances, maintained his rooted dislike to a
Cook, while his favourite remembrance of the housemaid's kindness
evinced itself in the respect he openly professed for a Broom,
(however cracked or crazy it might be) wherever he saw one.

Having thus selected such preliminary observations as were necessary
by way of introduction in the nature of prolegomena, I now approach
with equal awe and interest to the main point, which is, as I said
before, to ascertain what the Cat was by which Whittington made
himself to be so well remembered, and which is inseparable from
him in history and imagination. Who thinks of Whittington without
thinking of a Cat? Who with any love of sacred antiquity can see a
Cat without thinking of Whittington?

An English author records a speech made by a very erudite orientalist
and profound scholar, at a meeting of the Society of Antiquarians,
which was preserved in the minutes of that society, through the
generous care of Mr. S. Foote, and which I am enabled to lay before
my readers, by the favour of Sir Richard Phillips, who, for the
trifling sum of fifteen shillings, obliged me with the works of that
eminent Grecian, for so I presume he was, from his having acquired
the surname of Aristophanes.

"Permit me," says the orator, "to clear up some doubts relative to
a material and interesting point of the English History. Let others
toil to illumine the dark annals of Greece and Rome; my searches are
sacred only to the service of Britain.

"That Whittington lived, no doubt can be made; that he was Lord Mayor
of London, is equally true; but--as to HIS CAT--that, gentlemen, is
the Gordian knot to untie--and here, gentlemen, be it permitted to me
to define what a Cat is--a Cat is a domestic, whiskered, four-footed
animal, whose employment is catching of mice; but let a Cat have
been ever so subtle, ever so successful, to what could her captures
amount?--no tanner could curry the skin of a mouse--no family could
make a meal of the meat--consequently, no Cat could give Whittington
his wealth--from whence does the error proceed? Be that my care to
point out.

"The commerce this wealthy merchant carried on, was chiefly confined
to our coasts--for this purpose, he constructed a vessel, which,
from its aptness and lightness, he christened A CAT; nay, gentlemen,
to this day--all our coals are imported from Newcastle in nothing
but CATS--from thence it appears that it was not the whiskered,
four-footed--mouse-killing Cat--but the coasting, sailing, carrying
CAT--that, gentlemen, was Whittington's Cat."

  Vide _opera omnia_ Sam. Foot. Tit. Nabob.----

I cannot, however, consent in this instance to judge "ex pede
Herculem." However ingenious this learned gentleman's view of the
case may be, we are upon one particular decidedly at issue; and I
think I shall be able to shew, that Whittington not only did not
derive his wealth from the renowned Cat, but that the Cat was the
ultimate cause of his ruin.

One writer, (Ibbotson on Quadrupeds, vol. viii. p. 381,) says,
that "Shee was no other than a female of highe ranke and singular
kinde harte, who for that shee had a _feline_ dysposition myghtelie
affected Masterre Whyttingtone"--"which mistake in the orthography,"
says my learned friend Backhouse (who seldom errs), "_feline_ being
put for _feeling_--has deluded many into the belief, that it was in
truth a four-footed, whiskered, mouse-catching Cat." This ingenious
conjecture is supported by the other obvious errors of the same
nature _in loc. citat._ and not a little validated by a curious
ballad of the times, which is to be found at this moment in the
British Museum (Messalina 2.) and of which I subjoin a copy:--


      Yee Cytyzens of Lundun toune,
          Ande Wyves so faire and fatte,
      Beholde a gueste of high renoune!
          Grete Whyttingtone hys Catte!

      Ye kynge hathe ynn hys towre off state
          Beares, lyones and alle thatte;
      But hee hathe notte a beste soe grate
          Ass Whyttingtone hys Catte!

      This Catte dothe notte a catte appear,
          Beeynge toe bigge forre thatte,
      But herre attendaunts alle doe weare
          Some tokyn off a Catte;

      Ye one hathe whyskerres, thick ass burrs,
          Moste comelye toe looke atte:--
      Anoder weares a gowne of furrs,
          Ye lyverye off ye Catte!

      Shee dothe notte creepe along ye floores,
          But standes or else lyes flatte:
      Whyles they must gambole onne all fours
          Whoe wyshe to please ye Catte!

      A conynge monkeye off ye lawe,
          Ass bye ye fyre he satte,
      Toe pick hiys nuts oute, used ye pawe
          Off Whyttingtone hys Catte!

      But Whyttingtone discovered playne
          Whatte this vyle ape was atte;
      Whoe fayledde thus hys nuttes toe gayne,
          And onely synged ye Catte.

      Thenne Whyttingtone ynn gorgeous state,
          Syttynge wythoute his hatte,
      Broughte toe hys house atte Grovner-gate
          Thys moste yllustrious Catte.

      She ys so graciouse and soe tame
          Alle menne may strooke and patte;
      But yt ys sayde, norre mayde norre dame,
          Have dared toe see thatte Catte.

      Fulle hugelye gladde she seemeth, whenne
          They brynge herre a grete ratte,
      But styll moe gladde atte katchynge menne
          Ys Whyttingtone hys Catte.

      A Catte, they saye, maye watche a kynge;
          Ye apotheme ys patte;
      Ye converse is a differente thynge:
          Noe kynge maye watche thys Catte.

      Thenne take, eache manne, hys scarlate goune,
          Ande eke hys velvette hatte,
      And humblye wellcome yntoe toune
          Grete Whyttingtone his Catte.

This undoubtedly original and authentic document will be of vast
use in elucidating many of our difficulties, as I shall hereafter
abundantly observe; it is here only quoted in the order of proofs,
as supporting Mr. Backhouse's most acute conjecture; which is also
greatly strengthened by that profound scholar Mr. Hallam, in his
"History of the Middle Ages," who, however, gives a different and
more classical ground for the vulgar error----"This great Lady," he
says, "was _Catta_; that is, a _German_, one of the people called
_Catti_, who inhabited that part of the ancient Germania now called
the Duchy of Brunswick."

In opposition to all these opinions, Doctor Snodgrass (whose copious
history of the interior of Africa, and genealogy of the kings of
Gambia, sufficiently, as the modest Mr. Bowdich[33] justly observes,
stamp his merits) inclines to think that a person of Matthew's
original habits never could have been thrown into the society
of any lady of high rank, who had a regard for her character or
respectability. He treats the hypothesis of the _Cattean_ Lady with
great contempt, considers the authority of the ballad as trivial
and obscure; and maintains with all that power of argument, so
characteristic of his works, that it was a _bona-fide_ Cat, on which
Whittington's hopes at one particular period were placed, but which
had no connexion whatever with his pecuniary affairs, and which hopes
were moreover in the sequel frustrated.

A more ancient writer still ("Prendergast on Sorcery") makes an
assertion which at once confirms and refutes all that has been
advanced by my two learned friends, for he distinctly states, that,
that which rendered Whittington famous, was both a Cat and an
illustrious Lady. Not, indeed, at the same time; but that, being
endowed with magical potency, she was competent to assume both forms
at pleasure, displaying either the savage temper of the quadruped, or
the winning softness of her lovely sex, as best suited her purpose.

The same author says, that while under the appearance of a human
being she was capable of performing what in those days passed for
miracles; at one time metamorphosing menials and washer-women into
Lords and Ladies; causing unknown and portentous _stars_ to appear,
and changing by "_arte magicale_" white into black, and black into
white. He also more fully explains in the same way, the strange
facts alluded to in the ballad, of her putting off at pleasure the
form of a cat, and transforming the several feline attributes and
appearances to her followers; giving to one supernatural whiskers; to
another, a covering of fur; to a third, eyes that can see best in the
dark; to a fourth, the faculty of falling on his legs, whatever may
happen, and so forth.

We now live in an incredulous age, and it is not for me to decide
whether magical interferences with the ordinary course of nature are
to be believed or not. I would rather refer the curious reader to the
Dæmonologia of the royal and erudite James; for my part, I neither
wholly reject, nor wholly admit, the multitudinous affirmative
evidences, which all histories of all countries, in all ages,
afford on this subject; but I may be allowed to say in support of
Prendergast's hypothesis, that this change of form has, it appears,
been by no means uncommon. Le Père Jacques d'Autun says, "Baram Roi
de Bulgaire prenoit par ses prestiges la figure d'un loup ou _d'un
autre animal_;" and Job Fincel mentions that, "on attrapa un jour
un loup garou qui courait dans les Rues de Padoue: on lui coupa ses
pates de loup et il reprit au même instant la forme d'homme--mais
avec les bras et les pieds coupés." These are staggering

I must regret that Prendergast has not explained the origin, so
obscurely hinted at in the ballad, of Whittington's connexion with
the Cat; but it is at the same time a satisfaction to think, that
by the use of the words "would," "could," and "should,"--"likely,"
"possibly," "probably," and "naturally," "fancy," "research,"
"inquiry," and "no doubt," (the use of which is so admirably
displayed by Mr. Godwin,) I may be enabled to throw some
light--_lucem dare ex fumo_--on several dark parts of this difficult

It can easily be imagined that Whittington, who, with a truly
philanthropic disposition, possessed a mind scantily cultivated,
would naturally have a turn for the marvellous--indeed, the
preternatural interference of the bells of Bow steeple (of which a
published life of our hero says, there were then but six),[35] with
his destiny and the good fortune resulting from their suggestion,
may naturally be supposed to have favoured his predisposition for
the miraculous; and therefore when he heard from various sources the
stories which were related of the wonderful enchantress in foreign
parts, he was animated and delighted, and having more taste for
female beauty than knowledge of his native language, was persuaded
she was not only the most ill-used personage, but the most lovely
woman on earth, from hearing that,--

      "She was a _Charmer_, and could almost read
      The thoughts of people"----[36]

Prendergast indeed goes so far as to hint, that Whittington himself,
from the rapid acquirement of his wealth, lay under the imputation
of sorcery, and that he aimed at the attainment of some secrets from
the Enchantress to carry on his schemes, which was the chief cause
of his devotion to her. The same author says, that he was taxed
with concocting a liquor made from noxious weeds and deadly herbs,
with which he was enabled to steal away men's senses, and lead them
according to his will; but I must be allowed to doubt the truth
of this charge,--it seems to be a vulgar revival of the old story
of Circe. Looking at the events of his life, there appears to me
abundant proof that Matthew was no conjuror.

That Prendergast may have been a victim to superstition I will not
deny--that he wrote in the full belief of the lady's preternatural
powers is evident; but it is only justice to his historical veracity
to say, that in all his commendations of her merits, he falls far
short of a French author, the Marquis de St. Cas, who was one of
the favourites of Margaret de Valois, the repudiated wife of Henry
the IVth, and who wrote a History of a Cat, which has hitherto been
mistakenly supposed to be a covert defence of the scandalous life of
that lascivious princess; but which, as it now appears, is a sober
and discreet history of Whittington's Cat.

One singular and interesting fact to be ascertained from this work,
which, let us observe, was not written above two hundred years after
the time, and is therefore entitled to great credit on the score
of tradition, is, that the French most indubitably allude to the
Enchantress we are now treating of, in their celebrated history of
_The White Cat_, which indeed to me appears little other than a
version of Whittington's adventures, the English origin of which,
that vain and disingenuous people have as carefully suppressed as
they since have that of the guillotine--wash-hand basons--the steam
engine--snaffle bridles, and the telegraph.[37]

In the Marquis's book may be found recorded the exaggerated accounts
of the Enchantress, which were zealously circulated in her own times
by the French, and which inflamed and animated Matthew; St. Cas
most gallantly repeats (as if he believed) all the praises which
his forefathers had lavished upon her, and pictures her as the most
fascinating being on earth, so condescending in her manners that
the lowest orders of society were more readily admitted to her
confidence and acquaintance than those of noble birth and superior
qualifications, and of a disposition so forgiving, that if she could
anyhow light upon men (no matter who) who had been the creatures and
favoured followers of any person or family who from time immemorial
had been the bitterest enemies of her house and the country she
most loved, these were the particular objects of her care and
protection--for those were all her powers exerted, the magic of all
her charms displayed. This predilection for the destroyers of her
relations, the Marquis adduces as one of the most amiable traits of
"La belle Sorcière."

And here again we are presented with a confirmation of Mr.
Backhouse's hypothesis, that all the vulgar mistaken notions about
this great lady are occasioned by errors of the press; for in the
first edition of St. Cas (Lyons, 1609) the word _sorcière_ is printed
_souricière_, which means, as the learned reader well knows, "a

Perhaps, however, the printer may not be wholly to blame on this
point, inasmuch as the Marquis himself distinctly alludes to her
having assumed the form of a Cat, which he seems to consider a state
of honour--"The Cat," says he, "is a privileged animal;" and then
proceeds to narrate the following story in support of his assertion:--

"Mahomet avoit beaucoup d'égards pour son Chat.--Ce vénérable
animal s'était un jour couché sur la manche pendante de la veste du
Prophète, et semblait y mediter si profondément que Mahomet pressé de
se rendre à la Prière, et n'osant le tirer de son extase, coupa la
manche de sa veste. A son retour, il trouva son chat qui revenait de
son assoupissement extatique, et que s'appercevant de l'attention de
son maître à la vue de la manche coupée, se leva, pour lui faire la
revérénce, dressa la queue, et plia le dos en arc, pour lui témoigner
plus de respect. Mahomet qui comprit à merveille ce que cela
signifiait, assura au saint homme de chat une place dans son Paradis.
Ensuite lui passant trois fois la main sur le dos, il lui imprima,
par cet attouchement, la vertu de ne jamais tomber que sur ses pates."

Hence the Marquis argues, that his favourite Enchantress did by no
means degrade or bemean herself by the abandonment of her character
as a woman, if it were to answer any sufficient purpose she assumed
that of a Cat.

The accounts which tradition brought down to the Marquis's time, and
has even to our own, would naturally have spread from mouth to mouth
all through Europe, at the time when facts so surprising occurred;
and Whittington was one of those men who are disposed to believe
every thing they do not rightly comprehend, the consequence of which
disposition was his almost boundless credulity, and after inflaming
his mind with the descriptions of the Enchantress, and the implied
restraint under which she laboured, he resolved (from what motive
nobody has completely succeeded in discovering) to induce her to
visit England.

It is concluded, that a desire for notoriety had no weight with him
in this resolution, for never did any man of his time shrink from the
applause of the vulgar with such delicate sensibility as Whittington.
Hearing his own name spoken aloud in the streets, caused him the
greatest uneasiness, and he was moved to anger if any wandering
minstrels who were singing his praises, chanced to pass near his

This is stated by Ibbotson (before quoted), and is highly
satisfactory, inasmuch as the general impression upon the minds of
all those versed in the history, was that most of the little songs of
which he was the hero were written either in his house or at least
at his suggestion. The friend who favoured me with the copy of the
ballad quoted above has furnished me with two stanzas of another,
which he found in the same volume, and which proves that Ibbotson's
account of Matthew's modesty is perfectly just, for his indifference
about, not to say dislike to, popularity (as it is called) was so
strong, that such of his partisans as chose to celebrate him in
poetry were, in compliance with his scrupulous wishes, compelled to
designate him by the initials of his name.

      Serche Englonde round, naye all the Erthe,
        Itte myghtelie would trouble you
      To find a manne so ryche in worthe,
        As honest Matthewe W.

      He's notte thee manne to doe you wronge,
        Nor wyth false speeeches bubble you.
      Whyle Beef grows fatte, and Beer grows strong
        Long lyfe to Matthewe W.

With this proof of his retiring disposition we are the more puzzled
in looking at his conduct with respect to the Great Lady, because
really, if we had not such powerful evidence as Ibbotson and
others have adduced, one could hardly fancy any other incitement
to her introduction into the country, than an officious desire to
be meddling with things which did not at all concern him, for the
mere sake of creating a sensation, of withdrawing the attention of
his countrymen from the pursuit of their occupations, to the idle
speculation of star-gazing and conjuring, and, in short, of making
himself at any rate the Hero of a Story, by which his name might go
down to posterity. In this he has certainly succeeded; but the price
he has paid for notoriety appears (considering how he disliked it) to
have been rather high.

One circumstance has been mentioned, as having probably given his
disposition a turn, which is this: the Countess of Mountfort, or
as she is called, Jane of Flanders, had visited England about five
or six years before the period at which Whittington undertook
his renowned expedition. This extraordinary woman, roused by the
captivity of a husband to whom she was faithfully attached, had
quitted the confined circle of domestic life, to which she was an
ornament, and risked everything in the cause of her beloved Count:
her party, however (spite of her personal success), declining on
every side, she came to London, to solicit succours from the King of
England, and to the reception she met with from the populace, and
the praises bestowed on Sir Walter Manny, who suggested her appeal to
the British Court, is by very many persons attributed the anxiety of
Whittington to introduce his Cat or lady to the notice of the people.

But a much more probable account is suggested by the old ballad, and
indeed countenanced by other authorities, namely, that a certain
knavish lawyer who had, by some means, now unknown, and probably
at no time very avowable, got about the Cat, and became intimately
connected with all her secrets and mysteries whatever they were, had
contrived to get the Cat into a bag, and so far from letting her
out of the bag, as she and her followers no doubt expected, he is
supposed to have formed the base design of selling the Cat to her

This account would naturally rouse the indignation of a man, even
less high-minded than the illustrious Whittington, who combining,
like many modern citizens, generosity with an eye to profit, justly
considered that if the Cat were worth anything, he might as well
have the gain as the lawyer; and with this magnanimous intention
he resolved to get possession of the Cat. Not very much, it would
appear, knowing or caring, in the blindness of his enthusiasm,
whether she was a Cat or a witch; a great lady, or the devil.

What she really was, appeared afterwards, when the bag came to be

The _zealous_ desire of possessing at all events this demi-human
personage, made Whittington quite careless of the consequences of his
blind bargain. He anticipated advantages to himself from exhibiting
her, which (probably from the apprehension of being laughed at) he
never ventured to mention to his nearest friends; a gentle hint on
the subject thrown out to his better and bigger half, was received
by her with all the rapture one might expect an obscure person to
express at the prospect of becoming notorious; for though certain it
is that Matthew's views and desires throughout the whole business
were untinctured by the smallest wish for _éclat_ or distinction, we
are not prepared to say that his wife might not have cast a longing
eye towards the Enchantress's banquets and gaieties, of which such
splendid accounts had been given, or that her ambition (for these
sort of people are ambitious in their sphere) might not have led her
to hope that by the aid of the great lady's magic, her daughter (who
had been some time on hand) might attain such an accession either of
real property or personal attraction, as might get her respectably
established in life.

For the means of carrying his plan into execution quietly and
securely, Matthew had recourse to a stratagem, which, although, under
the circumstances, perfectly fair, to him was eminently distressing,
for the exquisite sensibility with which he shrunk from anything like
disguise--equivocation--mis-statement, or deviation from the plain
fact, had obtained for him the appellation of honest Whittington;
and to maintain his claim to that honourable distinction, was the
constant effort of his life.

The stratagem which he adopted is stated to have been this:--It will
be recollected, that at the period of which we treat, the staple of
wool, leather, and lead was fixed at Calais whither all foreigners
were specially invited to traffic, and whence no English merchant
was permitted to export English goods. The intercourse between this
port and Dover at the first institution of this mart was frequent and
general. Thither went Whittington as on a mercantile speculation.

In the various histories of our hero considerable confusion appears
to have arisen at this point. The majority of the innumerable
authorities which I have quoted in my large work, I think bear me out
in declaring that Whittington actually saw his commodity before he
brought it to England, and that it assumed the appearance of a woman
in order to deceive him.

The difficulty of deciding arises from the improbability that a
great lady should so suddenly have abandoned the guidance of her
counsellors, who (as they were paid for it) were bound to give her
proper advice, and put herself under the care of a "feu Lord Maire;"
but that difficulty is met by the consideration that Matthew's
eloquence was very celebrated in his day, and that, as his mind was
set upon bringing over the prodigy, he doubtlessly exerted its whole
force and energy in representing to her the respectability which
would infallibly attach itself to her through the rest of her life,
from the circumstance of her having been brought into the capital of
England under the immediate protection of a man renowned as he was
both in his mercantile and political character, and whose important
station in the country was so well suited to the introduction of such
a personage.

Add to his arguments, his conduct on the occasion; and our surprise
at her complying with his wishes will be materially diminished.
Could a woman of sense and feeling refuse to throw herself into the
care of the man, who, with that wonderful intrepidity and almost
incredible presence of mind, which obtained for him the appellation
of the _brave_ Whittington, ventured his existence for upwards of
three hours and a half upon the water, and undertook a voyage of
nearly thirty-two miles (starting late in the evening), in a vessel
of not more than one hundred and seventy tons burthen, for her sake!
an enterprise which, though in these enlightened days we might
be inclined to ridicule, was in those times considered the most
surprisingly valorous feat ever compassed by an Alderman.[39]

As for the Cat, whatever shape she took (and there can be little
doubt, as my readers will hereafter see, which form she really
did assume), she suffered not much from the effects of the water
carriage. She had been a great traveller in her time, and, amongst
other good company into which she had fallen during her progresses,
had been admitted into the Serail at Algiers, where, according to an
old poem, it appears, she

      "Passed herre tyme amydst ye throng,
      As happie as ye deye was long."[40]

Nevertheless, Whittington, after he had been in her society for
a short time, began to doubt (as well he might) her supernatural
powers. He argued, from a knowledge of the sex's little weaknesses,
that if she had had the ability to have assumed any form she had
chosen, she doubtlessly would have adopted a more agreeable one
than that which she actually appeared under; but then, on the other
hand, he contended with himself, that by as much as her real claims
upon notice and attention were weak and groundless, by so much must
her magic be potent, for that unless the Devil himself had taken
possession of the rabble (at her instigation) they never could have
seen anything to admire or respect about her.

Still, however, with that good taste so perceptible in all his
conduct, Matthew, in order to keep up the dignity of his Enchantress,
and to induce spectators to respect her, never ventured to approach
her without the most marked actions of humility, never would be
covered in her presence, nor treat her with less deference than
though she had been a queen.[41]

The more Matthew began to doubt her powers, and to suspect he had
been in some sort duped, the more he raved about the excellent
qualities of his great Lady--Penthesilea, with all her "magna
virtutis documenta" at her back, was not fit to be named in the same
day with her. Berenice, Camilla, Zenobia, Valasca the Bohemian,
or Amelasunta, queen of the Ostrogoths, had neither fortitude,
nor temperance, nor chastity, nor any good qualities to put in
competition with hers. And as for the modern ladies, your Laura
Bossis or Victoria Accarambonis, or even the renowned Donna Maria
Pacheco, Bianca Hedwig, Lady of Duke Henry the beardy of Ligniz,
they would have been considered the small fry, the mere white-bait
of the sex, compared with Whittington's Enchantress.[42] Matthew
daily grew more and more uneasy about his charge: instead of
aspiring to dignity, or performing any of those astonishing feats
which he expected, she appeared addicted to vulgar habits and
coarse pleasures, attracted no respectable admirers, and passed
her time in obscure corners, choosing either woods or barns for her
lurking-places, to which she was followed only by the very lowest of
the rabble.

It was a matter of delicacy with Matthew not to hint that he should
be glad to see some proof of her powers, for by the murmurs which he
heard, in bettermost life, he apprehended that the Legislature would
interfere, in order to put a stop to her imposition.

Matthew now stood in a very awkward situation: he had brought
an unwelcome object into England, contrary to the advice of all
those about her, and in direct opposition to the feelings of all
the respectable part of the community, and had, in fact, drawn
himself into the disagreeable certainty of being wrong under all

If she really were what he boasted her to be, he was amenable to the
laws, which, as Blackstone says, both before and since the Conquest,
have been equally severe, ranking the crime of sorcery and of those
who consult sorcerers in the same class with heresy, and condemning
both to the flames. If she were not, he had foisted a deception upon
the mob, which they never would forgive.

This he knew, and therefore felt his full share of agreeable
sensations arising from the alternative, which presented itself
of being burned alive in one case, and universally laughed at in
the other; not but that it must be allowed that Mr. W. possessed
amongst other characteristics of fortitude, a surprisingly stoical
callousness to ridicule.

His apprehensions about the interference of the Legislature were by
no means groundless. It was evidently necessary to open the eyes of
the country to the flagrant imposition which was carrying on, and to
which poor Whittington most innocently and unintentionally had made
himself a party. The _brave_ man, however, began to feel a few fears,
which had hitherto been strangers to his _great_ heart: testimonies
of his enchantress's charlatanerie were forthcoming from every
quarter, of which she was perfectly aware, but advised Matthew to put
a good face upon the matter and brave it out, assuring him, that if
it came to evidence, she could produce a great many more witnesses of
her innocence than her opponents could bring forward of her guilt.

This mode of exculpation has been recorded by a very popular writer
of much later days.[43] He relates an anecdote where a murder was
clearly proved against a prisoner by the concurrent testimony of
seven witnesses: when the culprit was called on for his defence, he
complained of want of evidence against him; for, said he, "My Lord
and Gentlemen of the Jury, you lay great stress upon the production
of seven persons who swear that they saw me commit the crime. If
that be all, I will produce you seven times as many who will swear
that they did not see me do it." Much on a par with this was the
favourable evidence on which this eminent piece of injured innocence
relied for exculpation.[44]

The most singular part of the story is, that with all Matthew's
well-known intelligence, good sense, prudence, amiability, and
virtue, his zeal got the better of his consistency. He and his
friends who most warmly espoused the cause of the great impostor,
were those who from time immemorial had upheld the democracy of the
constitution, had rung the changes upon all the virtuous attributes
of low life, "Honest Poverty," and "The Sovereignty of the People;"
but, strange to say, in their excessive zeal for their new idol,
these equalizing politicians decided unanimously, that all the
witnesses who were to prove her misdeeds, were perjured villains and
infamous rogues, even before they had said a syllable on the subject,
because, forsooth, they were poor and shabbily clothed, as if a line
coat were essential to truth and justice, or that a poor man could
not speak truth.

Now really to me their poverty (if one may judge by the accounts
which have been handed down of them,) appears one of the strongest
proofs of their honesty; for, had they been tampered with as
Whittington insinuated, it is not improbable that some part of their
earnings would have been expended in the purchase of such habits as
might at least have protected them from insult in the streets.

There was one objection to their evidence, which, inasmuch as it is
patriotic, is honourable--they were foreigners, and therefore not to
be believed.----Now, touching the justice of this sweeping decision
much may be said; and it is by no means unpleasing to see that even
in these days there is still a national prejudice against foreign
habits and manners; the looseness of conduct, and general want of
delicacy of the continental nations, are at variance with the pure
and better regulated habits of our countrymen and countrywomen;
and in Whittington's days it clearly appears that morality had so
firmly established itself in England, that a foreigner was not to be
credited on oath.

In the instance of this nondescript lady, this feeling certainly
had not so much weight as it might have had in many others, nor was
the expression of it over-gallant, considering that she herself
was a foreigner and educated, if St. Cas and other authors are to
be believed, in one of the most licentious schools of continental

One strong argument against the credibility of these persons was the
general venality of all the natives of the country they came from,
which was so flagrant that a man might be bought for five shillings
to swear any thing. The witnesses which the Cat lady intended,
it appears, to produce in her defence, were all from the same
nation--this objection, unfortunately for her, tells both ways.

Be that as it may, it appears pretty evident, that at the period
to which I am now alluding Whittington, whether voluntarily or not
I cannot pretend to determine, was separated from the object of
all his hopes and fears;--indeed, how the separation between them
was brought about has puzzled all who have hitherto considered the
subject: some writers suppose that she never had any superior or
supernatural powers, but that she was altogether an impostor, others
positively maintain (particularly one) that she was a person of
prudence, wisdom, delicacy, and virtue.[45]

Those who deny her existence at _any time_ in human shape are by no
means few; amongst their number is, as we have seen, my excellent
friend Doctor Snodgrass: these aver with every appearance of truth,
that she was neither more nor less than a domestic cat, but that she
was stolen from Whittington by the monks of the monastery "_Sancti
Stephani apud Westmonasteriensis_," for the purpose of catching
certain great rats which infested their chapel and the adjoining
house, and that the poor Alderman cut a very ridiculous figure when
deprived of his favourite raree-show.

Some, on the other hand, incline to believe that Mr. Whittington
got sick of his bargain, and assert that what with caterwauling and
bringing crowds of followers into the gutters of his residence, she
turned out to be so troublesome an inmate, that he got rid of her as
soon as he could, and prevailed on an old maid in the neighbourhood
to take care of her.[46]

For me, however, till now, has been reserved the important, the
enviable task of unravelling all the mysteries in which this subject
has been hitherto involved. To me it is granted to reconcile all
contending opinions, and to simplify all the difficulties which have
baffled my predecessors in the attainment of truth. I am enabled, as
I firmly believe, beyond the power of contradiction, to declare to
the world _who_ the Cat was, and _what_ she was. I am competent to
display in its true colours the character of Mr. Matthew Whittington,
to illustrate and make clear his views, his motives, and the other
eight points which I have before noticed to be in dispute, even to
the cause and nature of his death, an event hitherto equally obscure
with his birth.

Gifted as I am with this power to illuminate the literary world, is
it not natural that I should feel anxious to make use of it for their
advantage? One consideration alone checks me in my desire to afford
the purchasers of this Tentamen all the information I possess; that
consideration I trust I shall not be censured for attending to. I
confess it is a prudential one, inasmuch as were I in this small
specimen to give my readers all the details, narratives, and general
information I possess, I am apprehensive that the work itself would
not meet with that encouragement which is at present promised, and
which alone can repay me for the labour of years, and that ceaseless
anxiety which an undertaking so diffusely elaborate naturally has
entailed upon its author.

[Illustration: (end of section icon)]




We have the highest respect for the arts and for artists; we are
perfectly aware of the numerous qualifications requisite for a
painter--we know and feel the difficulty, and duly consider the
quantity of talent necessary to the painting even of a bad picture.
The years of probationary labour expended before even the palette
comes into use, the days and nights of watching, and toil after it
is assumed, and the variety of chemical, mechanical, and scientific
knowledge which must be brought to bear upon a subject before the
idea of the painter can be transferred to the canvas.

These feelings, and this respect for the art, and professors of
painting, make us slow to censure; and, although we have long had
our eyes upon some of the public exhibitions of the season, we have
refrained from commenting upon them till the common curiosity of the
town had repaid, in some measure, the care and anxiety of those in
whose studies they had their origin.

Mr. Haydon, a sonnet-writing Cockney, ranking high in the
administration of the smoky kingdom of Cockaigne, distinguished
himself last year, by exhibiting a picture of the "Entry into
Jerusalem," which, like Tom Thumb's Cow, was "larger than the largest
size." Elated with the success of this immense performance, (of which
one group only was at all finished,) Mr. Haydon, this year, put forth
a work representing "the Agony in the Garden:" the divine subject
saved the silly artist, and we were upon that account silent; else,
for Mr. Haydon, who wears his shirt collars open, and curls his hair
in long ringlets, because Rafaele did so, and who, if it did not
provokingly turn down over his mouth, would turn up his nose at the
Royal Academy, indeed we should have felt very little tenderness.

But with respect to Mr. Ward's allegorical picture of Waterloo, we
had different feelings--the picture had good principle about it,
and the weeks, months, and years which have been bestowed upon it
demanded some recompense; the idlers of Piccadilly did not feel the
occasional disbursement of a shilling. In pleasant society Ward's
exhibition-room was as good a place wherein to "laugh a sultry hour
away" as any other; and anxious that Mr. Ward, after having expended
so much time, canvas, and colour, should get something by it, we
have patiently let him draw his reward from the pockets of those
good easy folks, who read newspaper puffs and believe them; and who
go and vow all over London that a picture is wonderful and sublime,
merely because the painter, at the trifling charge of seven shillings
and sixpence, has thought proper to tell them that it is so, in the
public journals.

But when we find that this picture was painted for the directors
of the British Institution, founded "for the express purpose
of encouraging the Fine Arts," and is about to be engraved and
disseminated throughout the country, as a specimen of the works taken
under the especial care of that Institution; it really becomes a duty
to save the nation from a charge of bad taste so heavy as must arise
out of the patronage of such a ludicrous daub.

This may be a picture painted for the Institution at their desire,
and the execution of it is no proof of their want of judgment,
because they desired to have such a picture, and they have got it,
and we have thereby no proof of their approbation; but since they
have got themselves into a scrape, they certainly should not allow a
print to be made from it, even if they suffer the painting to remain
in existence.

If it be possible to imagine one thing upon earth more irresistibly
ridiculous than another, it is the composition of this enormous
thing--the size of it is thirty-five feet by twenty-one--in the
centre appears the Duke of Wellington in a pearl car--under his
feet are legs and arms, and heads in glorious confusion--before him
rides a pretty little naked boy upon a lion--over him in the clouds
are a group of young gentlemen with wings, representing the Duke's
victories, who look like Mrs. Wilkinson's Preparatory Academy turned
out for a bathe; and amongst these pretty little dears are Peace and
Plenty, and a great angel overshadowing the whole party.

But this very absurd jumble (at which, through a little hole, Blucher
and Platoff are looking with some surprise,) is by no means the
most ludicrous part of the affair--in the clouds are two persons,
called by Mr. Ward, Ignorance and Error, (one of whom has a dirty
handkerchief tied over his eyes,) beneath whom are dogs' heads with
wings--a tipsy-looking cock-eyed owl trampling a heavy stone Osiris
into the earth--a little calf without a head--a red night-cap--a
watchman's rattle--an old crow--Paine's "Rights of Man"--Voltaire's
works, a sick harpy--a devil sucking his fingers--a hobby-horse's
head, and a heap of chains--here is the allegory--all of which we
shall attempt to explain in Mr. Ward's own words, for he is an author
as well as a painter, and, absurd as are the productions of his
pencil, the nonsense of his pen is, of the two, the most exquisite.

In the foreground of the picture is a skeleton evidently afflicted
with the head-ache, before whom runs a little wide-mouthed waddling
frog with a long tail, and beyond these a group which defies

The horses (particularly the near wheeler) have a very droll and
cunning expression about the eye; but the four persons leading them,
whether considered as to their drawing or colouring, are beneath all
criticism: a pupil of six months' standing ought to have been flogged
for doing anything so bad.

In short, the whole thing in its kind closely resembles the overgrown
transparencies painted to be stuck up at Vauxhall, or the Cumberland
Gardens, or for public rejoicings, and ought, as soon as it has
answered its purpose like those, be obliterated, and the stuff worked
up for something else.

In a book published upon this performance, Mr. Ward modestly says,
that he is not ambitious to be considered an author, and adds, that
there exists some insuperable objection to his ever being one; but
still, he professes to attempt in his own simple style an explanation
of his own ideas. He feels quite confident of public favour and
indulgence, and then gives us his view of the thing:--as a specimen
of this said style, we shall quote his notions about envy--its
beauty, we confess, is evident--its simplicity we are afraid is
somewhat questionable.

  "Where shall we find a safe retreat for envied greatness, from
  the miry breath or slander's feverish tongue; dark in the bosom
  of the ocean's fathomless abyss, on the cloud-cleaving Atlas,
  or at the extremity of east or west. High on the gilded dome,
  or palace pinnacle, should merit's fairest hard-earned honours
  shine, once seated there, the sickly eye of speckled Jealousy,
  or Envy's snaky tribe, with iron nerve, and cold in blood, well
  scan the mark, and the envenomed javelin cast, with secret but
  unerring aim, and what is to screen him from the foul attack? The
  shield of Worth intrinsic, bound about with truth, and conscious
  innocence, and where that lives, all other covering only tends to
  hide its blushing beauties from the rising sun, and dim the face
  of day.

  "So the firm oak's deep roots, eccentric, winding through the
  heaving earth, fast bound and chasmed deep, with many a widening
  gap, by blazing Sol's mid ray, at summer's sultry noon, opposes
  strength to strength; or round the impervious rocks, in weighty
  balance to its broad branch, and highly-lifted head, up to
  the mountain's summit, shrinks not from the prospect of the
  blackening storm, and while it sends its sweeping arms around
  over the circling numerous acres, shadowing under its expanded
  greatness, fears not the threatening blast, nor for protection
  looks to man. Too great to need a screen; it were children's
  play to throw a mantle over its full broad majesty, to try to
  save its foliage luxuriant from the rude element. The attempt
  would be as weedy muslin's cobweb insipidity; its flimsy partial
  covering would only hide its full matured richness; and the first
  breeze of whirlwind's opening rising tempest, tear from the
  disdainful surface to streaming raggedness the feeble effort, and
  open to the eye the golden fruit, freshening by the tempest, and
  glittering in the storm."

We know very little of human nature, if Mr. Ward, in spite of his
disclaiming any wish to be considered as an author, does not think
all this very fine. By way of simply explaining his allegory, it is
particularly useful;--of Mr. Ward's view of the necessity of such
explanation we may assure ourselves by his very apposite allusion
to Milton, Walter Scott, Homer, and Burn (as he calls him). This
paragraph we must quote:--

  "It is contended by some, that a picture should be made up only
  of such materials as are capable of telling its own story;
  such confinement would shut out the human mind from a depth of
  pursuit in every branch of art. Poetry requires prose fully to
  explain its meaning, and to create an interest; for who would be
  without the notes in Walter Scott's 'Lay of the Last Minstrel,'
  or a glossary to the poems of Burn, the argument to Milton
  or Homer? If then it be necessary to make use of language to
  explain poetry, should not the same medium be used to explain
  personification? It has been thought necessary on the stage to
  send a person between the acts as a comment on the past, and a
  preface to the future, and can we, I ask, understand what is
  going on even in nature, by dumb show? If we see a crowd of
  people assembled in the streets, do we expect that the action and
  expression should inform us the cause of their congregating in an
  unusual manner? Experience proves more than volumes of argument.
  We ask 'what does all this mean?'"

To which we most candidly reply, we really do not know.

Mr. Ward then proceeds in the following manner:--

  "Wellington has his hand upon the tri-coloured cross, on the
  shield of Britannia, expressive of the Christian's emblem,
  and the three colours of which it is composed are the colours
  answerable to the three principles in Trinity!!!

        Red is the first fiery principle in the Godhead;
        Blue the second in the Saviour, or Mediator;
        White the third in the Dove of Peace."

This ingenious explanation of the mysteries of the Union Jack must be
highly satisfactory to every thinking Englishman: there is, indeed,
but one drawback to the holy pleasure we feel at Mr. Ward's sublime
discovery, which is, that the Revolutionary flag of France was
composed of the same three colours.

The enlightened artist then informs us--speaking of Britannia, "that
the twisted lock of hair _laying_ in front upon her bosom, and over
the right arm, is emblematic of"--what do you suppose, reader?--"of
the spirit of justice."

  "Justice, stern and unrelenting, whose sword is forward, and
  whose plaited hair is answerable to that sword, and makes in the
  person of Justice the number three, as expressive of the Trinity,
  or the whole of Godhead manifested in the awful administration of
  justice. That sword is serpentine, as expressive of flame, Deity
  in its principle of fire."

This is "finely confused, and very alarming;" but observe:--

  "With the other hand she points through the medium of the Trident
  to the Trinity in Unity, commanding him to look up to Providence
  as alone able to give success to his efforts."

This puzzles us; pointing through the medium of "the Trident" appears
to us to be something like looking at the Sun through the medium of
a toasting-fork; but we may be wrong.

Mr. Ward then continues:--

  "The cat and broken spear are emblems of rebellion and
  anarchy."--P. 11.

  "The British Lion is majestically observing the effects of his
  own operations; his countenance shows no symptom of the reign of
  passion--anger is alone signified by the movement of his tail."

For this illustration of natural history Mr. Ward appears to be
indebted to Mathews, who, in his "At Home," told a capital story of a
showman and one of the noble beasts in question, in which, while his
head is in the lion's mouth, he anxiously inquires of a by-stander,
"Doth he wag his tail?" That bit of waggery being indicative (as Mr.
Ward has comically painted it) of the ire of lions generally.

Mr. Ward, as matter of information, tells us, page 19, that "the
palm-tree grows to the height of five hundred feet, and bears the
date and cocoa-nut." What date the trees Mr. Ward alludes to might
have borne we cannot say; but certain it is, that modern palms
have left off growing to the height of five hundred feet; which,
considering it to be about three times the height of the Monument,
and one hundred feet more than the height of St. Paul's, is not so
very surprising.

The following information, conveyed in page 20, is likely to be very
interesting from its importance:--

  "Juvenile antagonists in the streets dare not strike an unfair
  blow, take the other by the hair, or maltreat him when fallen
  upon the ground. In such case, he not only loses his battle, but
  also--his character!!!"

At page 22 we have, perhaps, the most finished description of docking
a horse that ever was put to paper; it is somewhat lengthy, but it
will repay the lover of the sublime for his trouble in reading it:--

  "Can any thing be so far from true taste, as to round the ears
  of a dog, or to cut them off; whatever may be the beauty, breed,
  or character, to cut off the thumb, or fifth toe, and call it
  a Dew claw, and consider it of no use! To chop off the tail
  of a waggon-horse, so necessary and useful to that class of
  creature; above all, to separate every joint of the tail, with
  all the misery attending upon it, in order to reverse the order
  of Nature, and make that turn up which ought to turn down, all
  equally show the want of taste, as the want of humanity? Who has
  ever witnessed the operation last alluded to, if not, pause; and
  in your imagination, behold a nobly-formed, and finely-tempered
  creature, led from the stable in all the pride of health, and all
  the playful confidence of being led out, and held by his master
  and his friend, view the hobbles fastened to his legs, his feet
  drawn to a point, and himself cast to the earth, so contrary
  to his expectations and his hopes; observe the commencement,
  and the lingering process; behold the wreathing of the lovely
  and as useful animal; how does his heaving breast manifest
  his astonishment, while his greatly oppressed and labouring
  heart beats high with resentment, at being thus tampered. His
  quivering flesh sends through every pore streams of sweat; his
  open nostrils are bursting with agony of body and spirit, while
  his strained eye-balls flash as with the fixed glare of expiring
  nature. Heard you that groan? poor animal. They have began the
  deed of barbarism! he faintly shrieks, 'tis as the piteous cry
  of the timid hare, when sinking under the deadly gripe of the
  fierce, agile, and ravenous greyhound. How he grinds his teeth,
  and bores his tightly-twitched and twisted lip, and smoking
  nostril, into the thick litter, or grovelling, rubs his aching
  forehead into the loose sand; now the sudden and convulsive
  effort! what a struggle! every nerve, sinew, tendon, stretched
  to its full bearing, with fearful energy! Oh! that he could now
  disencumber his fettered limbs, and spring from his tormentors.
  Those limbs, that would joyfully bound over the broad plain,
  or patient bear the cumbrous load, nor utter one complaint in
  the deep toil; or drag with unwearied submission, harnessed,
  galled, and parched with thirst, the lumbering machine to the
  very borders of his opening tomb. He groans again, the struggle's
  over, and he again lays down; while the hoarse breathing and his
  panting sides, prove that all his energies, his mighty energies,
  have failed: and the work goes on, still continues, and now
  another and another gash, and now the iron hook, to tear out from
  among the separated complicated bones, the tenacious ligament
  that binds the strong vertebræ; and lastly the burning steel to
  staunch the streaming blood. Tedious process!--but at length it
  ceases, and the noble, towering, majestic steed is led back,
  tottering, trembling, reeling, and dejected, to repose apparently
  in peace; but ah! another torment, the cord, the weight, the
  pulley, day o'er day, and week after week, to keep the lips of
  the gaping, throbbing, aching wounds asunder, to close no more
  for ever. Enough! enough! our country's shame, for cruelty is not
  our natural character, our country's vice."

We by no means intend to ridicule Mr. Ward's humanity; but, we
confess, as throwing lights upon an allegorical picture of the Duke
of Wellington's triumphs, we do not consider the passage quite as
much to the purpose as it might be.

At page 29, Mr. Ward states (and with every appearance of believing
it) that "Cicero was once a lisping infant, and Sampson, at one
period, could not go alone;"--to which assertions we must beg to add,
for Mr. Ward's satisfaction, that "Rome was not built in a day."

In his simple style, at page 30, Mr. Ward, speaking of ignorance,

  "Loose veins of thought, imaginative intellects, evaporation. As
  the school-boy's frothy bubble, rising from the turbid elements"
  soap and water, "its inflated globule exhibits in proud mimicry
  the Rainbow's gaily painted hues, and calls rude mirth to dance
  upon its glittering surface, when suddenly it bursts, and all is

We shall conclude our extracts from this explanatory pamphlet with
the following:--

  "SHAPELESS FORMS OF DEATH.--Perhaps no part of picturesque
  representation is so difficult as this. The poet here has much
  the advantage. Ossian may, by a language all understand, throw
  the imagination into a delirium, and there leave it bewildered
  and wandering, in all the confusion of material immateriality;
  but in painting it is necessary to give a substantial shape
  to a shapeless form, and substance to a vision. It is not for
  him to give the ghost of my father as a misty cloud covering
  a whole mountain, or enlarging itself to the broad expanse of
  the capacious plain, like the flaky layers of a thick fog, on
  the opening dawn of a mist-dispersing sunbeam. But the painter
  must embody disembodied beings, and give 'to airy nothingness a
  local habitation and a name.' Here the various shapes of blood
  and carnage are to be contemplated, in the imagery depicted, as
  cannon-balls, bomb-shells, fiery rockets, swords, spears, and
  bayonets, with all the horrible effects of their operations;
  as moving in the conflicted elements; from the head of death's
  gloomy tribes, the large death-bat, under the arm of the fell
  monster Death, who is grinning with savage pleasure at the havoc
  he is making. The monsters are breathing fire, and from their
  pestiferous dugs dropping streams of blood, as the milk of their

Having given some of Mr. Ward's ideas as they were written, we leave
those who have not seen his picture to judge what such ideas must be,
upon canvas, with a clumsy hand, and the worst possible taste.

To say that Mr. Ward is mad, is not what we would pretend to say;
but coupling his painting with the articles which we have caught and
preserved, from his pen, we must believe that there are many very
worthy persons at present in Bedlam, who could paint allegories full
as well, and describe their meaning afterwards with infinitely more

All we have to do in this affair is to call upon the Directors of the
British Institution, if they mean to patronise real merit, or to make
their rewards honourable and of value, to disclaim all approbation of
the most illustrious and full-sized specimen of pictorial Humbug that
ever drew shillings out of the pockets of John Bull.

We have indeed been told that the Institution have (somewhat too
late) discovered that they employed an animal painter, to paint them
an allegorical picture--they were not aware of their mistake in the
outset; but in order to rectify it and induce Mr. Ward to rub out his
allegory, they have resolved, it is said, to give him an opportunity
of showing his talents in his own line, by sitting to him for their
likenesses,--it is added that the portrait of Mr. Richard Payne
Knight is already in a high state of forwardness.



  Farm Yard, Claremont, Friday, Sept. 27, 1822.

SIR,--These are the last words I shall ever have an opportunity of
addressing to you; my doom, alas! is fixed. I am sentenced to die
this evening; neither Alderman Waithman, nor Mr. Ex-Sheriff Parkins,
can save me; I am waiting in the condemned coop, the _coup-de-grace_
of my illustrious master's chicken-butcher.

Probably you anticipate the cause of my death: Sunday is the feast
of St. Michael, my blood is required in the mysterious celebration
of the ceremonies observed in all well-regulated families on that
anniversary. This very day twelve-months my excellent and amiable
mother, and my respectable father, perished on the same account.

At this critical juncture, I pick a quill from one of my wings to
assure you of that resignation to my fate, which I truly feel:--that
it is not unalloyed, Mr. Bull, I must, however, confess. Those who
know our family know that we are patriots, that we have souls;
and I cannot quit the world without regretting my future destiny.
Brought up, sir, as I have been; educated upon the English system
in the farm-yard of a Foreign Prince; fattened as I have been at
the public expense; I did expect (as all patriots say they do)
that the sacrifice of my life might have been of some utility to
the country;--but, alas! no: pampered, fed, stuffed as it were by
anticipation. What is my doom? Am I to be yielded as a tribute to the
nation, whence I have derived my weight and flavour? Am I to gratify
the palate of the illustrious Prince, my nominal patron? No; I am to
be sold and eaten by some base venal hind in this neighbourhood, who,
in these times of wretchedness, cannot dine on Michaelmas-day without

What my sensations are at the treatment I have met with you may,
perhaps, comprehend. Will you believe it, sir, I have never seen
the illustrious Personage in whose service I have wasted my days. I
have never beheld the amiable Prince, to whom, for many reasons, I
am warmly attached: first, because I am a goose; secondly, because,
thanks to the generosity of the nation, I am his Royal Highness's
goose; and, thirdly, because I am a goose of high feeling, honour,
and, above all, of gratitude.

What a consolation it would have been to have seen his Royal
countenance!--what a disgrace to my family to quit the world without
having attained to such a favour! It is true I have received a great
deal of pleasure in the occasional society of Sir Robert Gardiner,
whose attentions have been very much devoted to our comfort and
accommodation in our Royal Master's absence. I certainly found him
in pens; which, as you know Sir Robert is fond of writing, was no
small return for his civilities--civilities, which I begin shrewdly
to suspect were, after all, interested, and more insidious than I
apprehend at the moment.

I ought to apologise for trespassing at such length upon your
patience; but, having been for a considerable time a constant
correspondent of the _Morning Chronicle_, I am habituated to what
are vulgarly called long-winded letters; and when a goose prints
his own grievances he is generally somewhat diffuse. My wrongs are
now strongest in my recollection, and I am anxious that my family
reputation should not suffer in my person, and therefore devote my
last moments--my last words to you.

If you were a goose, Mr. Editor, how would you bear with indignities
like those I have suffered? Sir, the Heralds' College could prove,
and would prove, if they were sufficiently well paid for it, that
I am lineally descended from the noble bird who saved the Roman
Capitol; and it is in consequence a common observation amongst the
poulterers at Kingston, that "there are Capitol geese at Claremont;"
which classical saying of that erudite body has been garbled into the
more vulgar observation, that "there are capital geese at Prince
Leopold's;" inferring thereby that part of his Royal Highness's
capital consists of geese!

It is needless to tell you, that the branch of my family which has
settled itself in Norfolk is in the most flourishing state, and
that at Holkham, at this present moment, there is an old Goose held
in high estimation amongst the Whigs. At Woburn Abbey, another set
of my connexions are in high force, and admirably calculated for
cutting up and roasting; while in the North, the Grey Geese are
reckoned invaluable as a cross breed, the head of that coop being the
identical bird celebrated in the Fable of the Fox and Goose, to which
the Tories have subjoined a very salutary if not pleasant moral.
To the notice of these most honourable birds I may add one of the
younger scions of our stock, the Goslings--who, as everybody knows,
are a most excellent and respectable firm in the City of London.

These things disturb me. I have contributed to the funds of my
Master, I am about to lay down my life for his advantage, and, I
repeat, he has never seen me. There are thousands of geese, I am
ready to grant, labouring under the same disadvantage, and thousands
of human beings too, but to them the disappointment is not of the
same nature as to us: none but geese would contribute to support an
absentee as we do; and yet, supporting him, none but a goose would
care about ever seeing him again.

I must cease--the poulterer's cart and my end approach. I have
heard that the only modification of my sentence which I ventured
to request--the change of strangling into decapitation--is refused
me; His Royal Highness's ministers here declaring that I cannot be
sent off the premises without a bill. It matters little, Mr. Bull,
but I must say, it is not what I expected. Publish my letter, that
my Prince may see how he is beloved and respected, and by whom;--he
has been at Rome, but never thought of me or mine; perhaps he never
heard of the story which connects us with that once mighty city.
Adieu!--One of my sisters has already suffered: would I were a swan,
I would sing my own elegy--they come nearer--they have seized my
pens--I can only give--what we occasionally have here--a great quack,
and subscribe myself,

  Your affectionate Gander,

P.S.--No _anser_ will reach me; but in making any further inquiries
about me, be cautious, as there is a much greater Goose than myself
of my name, living at Bagshot, which, being in this neighbourhood,
might cause some confusion.


The first general meeting of this excellent society took place
on Thursday, at the residence of one of its most powerful
supporters; and, considering the skeleton state of the metropolis,
was satisfactorily attended. We have received an account of the
proceedings, under a promise not to mention the names of the
committee; and the word "confidential" written diagonally in one
corner of our correspondent's letter, prevents our giving the report
as fully and satisfactorily as we could wish.

The great Gamboogee himself, however, was present, and explained the
nature and intention of the society very succinctly. It may perhaps
be necessary to quote for our readers this account of their general
views, as detailed by his Lordship.

In the first place, it appears to the excessively correct persons who
compose this grave body, that a Christian should never be merry--that
it is the bounden duty of all well-disposed persons to groan and
sigh, and make themselves as uncomfortable as possible during their
stay upon earth; and in order to render themselves apparently
subservient to the regulations which they propose to lay down for
others, the members have their seats provided on the hardest possible
benches, the president being compelled to sit in very thin silk
breeches, upon a horse-hair bottomed stool, without either arms or
back, _i.e._, while they are in public!

Every member is bound, on similar occasions, to wear large worsted
stockings, with the tightest possible shoes, stiff stocks, and hats
considerably too small for their heads. Thus accoutred, it is their
intention to effect, under the authority they very frequently have on
their tongues, a total reformation in society.

They intend to begin with Brookes's and Boodle's, which are to be
consigned forthwith to the superintendence of four respectable
Dowagers; and the direction of Almack's is to be vested in the hands
of six able ministers, to be selected by the great Gamboogee himself
for that purpose, next May, previously to the commencement of the
ensuing winter season.

In order to prevent the shameful impositions practised upon the
credulity of minors of fashion and fortune, by unprincipled women of
no property, the Hum-Fum Gamboogees have opened establishments for
the reception of young gentlemen of worldly propensities, which are
to be placed under the surveillance of most active and pious men.

Similar receptacles for young ladies, whose flagrant desires lead
them into the abominable vices of dancing or singing, will be
prepared, where, in rooms hung with black, and from which the much
too comfortable glare of day will be excluded, they will be taught to
see, in their proper colours, the enormity of those crimes of which
they have been guilty, and which their sinful mothers, grandmothers,
and great grandmothers, have been rash and vile enough to commit in a
similar way.

It appearing to the Hum-Fum Gamboogees that the sun is by far too
great a blessing for such wretched creatures as we are, they
recommend a careful seclusion during the day, and suggest that wet or
windy nights are the most suitable occasions for taking exercise.

A total abstinence from wine is earnestly desired to be observed by
the young gentlemen of London, whose interests the Hum-Fums have very
near their hearts; and they mention weak black tea as a substitute,
or a proportion of that excellent succadaneum for Hyson, chopped hay,
which was seriously recommended to the attention of the world, a
short time since, through the columns of the _Morning Post_.

Several well-dressed and respectable elderly gentlemen, with
umbrellas, will attend in Hyde Park every day, until the abomination
of frequenting such places be utterly abolished, to escort young men
to pious ordinaries, where it is recommended they should dine, in
order to prevent those unnatural sins, flirting, dangling, and making
the amiable.

A vast many devout minor agents of the society will be employed to
divest the pockets of persons of snuff-boxes, it never having been
required by nature to feed one's nose.

It is strongly recommended that every one should abstain from
frequenting play-houses, and in order to effect this great object, or
at all events to render the performances sufficiently disagreeable
to be quite correct, it is suggested that the company of performers,
who acted at the Haymarket Theatre last season, be the only persons
licensed to exhibit in the metropolis.

The Hum-Fums will visit the houses of their neighbours, after the
fashion of that most excellent brother corporation, the Bible
Society, and will make it their business to enquire into the state of
every man's domestic affairs; in order, if possible, to rescue from
degradation the servants of London, whose subordination (although, by
the active endeavours of similar unions, they are getting gradually
independent of their masters and mistresses,) is derogatory to the
dignity of the human character.

The Hum-Fums will distribute amongst the domestics such works as
may tend to elevate their minds, open their intellects, make them
dissatisfied with debasement, and enable them, by the blessing of
Providence, to rise superior to that oppression by which the sinful
luxuries of society have humiliated them. Several Hum-Fums of the
highest character for dulness and gravity will attend in the kitchens
and servants'-halls of each parish, to edify their tenants every
evening from eight till twelve.

It will be the study of the Hum-Fums to impress upon the soldiers
of this kingdom the sin and shame of carrying muskets and bayonets
for pay, and of slaughtering their fellow-creatures for no cause
whatever; and by the way in which they expect to be enabled to make
their light shine, they hope to convince their brethren in arms that
officers are but men, and that obedience from one man to another is
by no means necessary to salvation.

The sailors they intend to leave entirely to the pious society called
the Bethel Union, convinced that nothing the Hum-Fums can do will
more effectually emasculate and sanctify at the same time the sea
service, and purge it of its worldly power to do mischief, than the
blessed exertions of that inestimable institution.

Riding in carriages, especially on Sundays, they most energetically
denounce; and it is proposed to solicit the several lessees of
the turnpike trusts round London to allow ministers, selected by
a council of Hum-Fums, to be placed at the different toll-gates,
to dissuade the infatuated people from enjoying the sun and air of
heaven on the only day which they have to themselves, and on which,
in obedience to the Decalogue, they do no manner of work.

Night agents of the society will be regularly posted at the doors of
all public-houses within the bills of mortality, to check the ingress
of sinners to such places; and in order more effectually to promote
the devout intentions of the society, Messrs. Whitbread (whose very
name inspires respect), Mr. Calvert, and Mr. Buxton have intimated
a zealous desire to leave off brewing the liquor which the wretched
sinners are so depraved as to swallow in those receptacles for vice.

No rank of society will be free from the surveillance of this pious
body. At the Opera, a superior class of agents will be always in
attendance to superintend the friendly intercourse of the best
families, and by an assiduous watchfulness over the manners and
conversations of the various parties, many of those heartrending
divisions in society which shock morality will be doubtless prevented.

The Hum-Fums earnestly recommend frequent physicking and bleeding,
with a view to the moderation of worldly appetites; and suggest, in
the hope of keeping up an incessant feeling of the wretched state to
which we are reduced, that all persons between the ages of fifteen
and sixty should wear perpetual blisters.

The Hum-Fums earnestly request subscriptions to carry their spiritual
benefits into effect, and they would impress upon the minds of those
who are hastening to perdition in the same abominable and destructive
road, which every one of their ancestors and relations have taken,
that all things are subservient to the principles which the Hum-Fums
teach, and that without money the Hum-Fums cannot exist.

After the proceedings in which this development of their views was
made, the Hum-Fums nominated thirty-five treasurers and sixty-eight
secretaries at respectable salaries. Most of the Hum-Fums being
decidedly hostile to the establishment in State as well as Church,
this was considered the only virtuous mode whereby to provide for
those persons, who, though in humbler life had always relied upon
the Hum-Fums for support, and whose laudable exertions in exciting a
proper melancholy, and a substantial discontent, deserve the highest

The Hum-Fums, after this part of the ceremony, proceeded to sing
psalms and hymns, the productions of the Rev. Mr. Smith, of Penzance,
whose meritorious conduct under his call, from the station of
boatswain in His Majesty's service, to the ministry, demanded their
warmest admiration.

Miss Rebecca Engleheart presented the society with a small pasteboard
windmill, in the hopper of which were three shillings and ninepence
halfpenny, which she had collected by the exhibition of her little

The great Hum-Fum Gamboogee was extremely gratified by this specimen
of pious ingenuity, and put the sails of the model into rapid motion,
which excited great gratitude and applause.

Two Otaheitean watermen and a New Zealand coppersmith were elected
Hum-Fums: they spoke at length of the benefits which their respective
nations had received from the exertions of the society, and the
latter presented to the society the heads of his elder brother and
his sister-in-law, which he had cut off since his notions of property
had been matured under its benign influence.

At this period of the proceedings an interruption took place which
threatened the unanimity of the society; this, considering the
society, as we do, to be one, of which all the members ought to hang
together, created a very unpleasant feeling.

One of the members, more lukewarm than the rest, inquired by what
authority the Hum-Fums were to take upon themselves the charge
of correcting their neighbours, and setting the world in general
to rights; adding a doubt as to the obedience of a nation like
England, famed for its independence, and envied for the blessings
of religious toleration, to the _dicta_ of a committee of Hum-Fums.
"For," said the pious member, "although I speak under correction,
and with all due deference to the great Hum-Fum Gamboogee and my
sanctified brethren, I do not see the right by which we, being only
men like themselves, are, in a country of liberty, to control our
fellow-creatures in their recreations and amusements; seeing, that if
they are to go to perdition for doing that, which has been ordinarily
done in Great Britain for the last four or five centuries, we are
to conclude that all our forefathers have forfeited their hopes of
happiness hereafter, because the system of Hum-Fumism did not exist;
which reflection is not only melancholy, but, as I am bound to trust,
not founded in fact. Moreover, sir," added the brother, addressing
himself to the most venerable Gamboogee, "your Lordship must know,
that in Roman Catholic countries the Sunday is universally a day of
gaiety; that dances, and even plays, are performed on that day; and
since, I believe, many of the great Hum-Fums who now hear me, voted
in another place in favour of the Roman Catholics, they should be
cautious, while they cry for the admission of such levities with
one breath, not to condemn, with another, to eternal punishment the
Protestants, who, although it must be confessed they contrive, even
in these times of distress, to enjoy themselves on Sundays, confine
themselves to a walk or drive into the country, with their wives and
children, and a harmless regale of their pipes and their pots, their
buggies and their bottles, or their carriages and their claret, as
the case may be----"

"Harmless!" said the great Hum-Fum, the buckles of his wig standing
on end!

"And I doubt much," continued the former speaker, "whether the very
proceedings we are about to adopt will not sicken those of moderately
pious lives, and----"

"Sicken, sir!" interrupted the great Hum-Fum--"look at the navy,
sir! Do you not perceive that the blessed institution, the Bethel
Union, of which Master Phillips and myself are the main props, has
taken the navy under its care--that we are to control the pleasures
of the sailors--to correct their propensities--dock them of their
girls and their grog--and allowance them even in pig-tail? If this
experiment succeed--if the navy submit to this most proper control
and purification, why should not the army and the laity generally
submit to it too? What did Oliver Cromwell do, sir? Had not he a
preaching army?----"

Here a considerable noise of coughing took place; for though the
ultra Hum-Fums were too much involved in zeal to think of analogies,
the designing and radical Hums, who had merely joined the society for
political purposes, felt that the mention of old Noll might throw the
more moderate into a train of thoughts for which they had not as yet
been sufficiently prepared.

The confusion caused the great Gamboogee to cease; when a servant
entered and whispered his Lordship. What the communication was we
were unable to learn, as an adjournment was immediately moved and
carried. The fact is--dinner was ready.


We have once or twice alluded to a scheme (forwarded to us by the
Author) for rendering theatrical entertainments strictly moral;
and, it appears to us, that no season can be better suited to its
development than the present.

The gentleman, to whose exertions in the behalf of virtue and
decency, the public are even now greatly indebted, and whose plan, if
carried into effect, will entitle him to the gratitude of the nation
at large, is the Rev. Mr. Plumptree, who has published a volume of
dramatic pieces illustrative of his purpose, which blend with deep
interest a purity of thought and propriety of language rarely to be
met with in the theatrical works of the day.

The first of the dramas is called "Royal Beneficence, or the Emperor
Alexander," and is founded on an event which occurred to his Russian
Majesty, on the banks of the Wilna, where he restored a drowning
young man by the means prescribed by the Humane Society, which means
of restoration are published with the play--evidently with the best
intentions. Mr. Plumptree offered this piece to Covent Garden and
to Drury Lane, but it was by both rejected; then Mr. Hindes, the
manager of the Norwich playhouse, had the refusal of it; but he, like
the London proprietors, objected to its appearance because a living
character was introduced.

Mr. Plumptree reasons very fairly upon the futility of this excuse,
and prints the detail of the Emperor's indefatigable exertions, upon
which his play is founded, together with many other interesting
documents concerning the valuable charity to which the piece is

The drama is full of interest and good feeling; and although, in the
present state of the stage, there is, perhaps, a want of bustle,
still the affecting incident at the end of the first act, where the
dead body of the hero is dragged out of the water, and stripped upon
the stage, under the immediate inspection of the Emperor, who says,--

  "Lose no time in fruitless ceremony: this is our duty now; strip
  off his clothes; wipe him dry, and rub about his heart, his
  temples, wrists, and everywhere,"--

appears to us likely to have produced a great sensation in a British

We must say, that the rejection of such a piece by the London
managers reflects equally upon their taste and delicacy.

The next drama is called "Winter," and is founded upon the story
of Elizabeth Woodcock, who was buried in the snow for upwards of a
week, and is extremely pretty. "The Force of Conscience," a tragedy,
follows, which ends with the execution of Mr. Morris, a blacksmith,
on the new drop, during which awful ceremony he is assisted in prayer
by the Rev. Mr. Jones; the spectators make comments, and the culprit
his last dying speech, when the drop, or rather the curtain, falls,
which ends "the strange eventful history."

The next play is called "Mrs. Jordan and the Methodist," and is
founded upon a benevolent action (one of many) performed by that
incomparable actress. We have too much affection for her memory
to make a single comment upon Mr. Plumptree's delicate attempt to
commemorate her good qualities.

The next is a comedy, called "The Salutary Reproof, or the Butcher!"
from which we intend to make a few extracts, in order to give a fair
specimen of Mr. Plumptree's dramatic talent and virtuous intentions;
and we certainly do hope that one of the London theatres will afford
the town an opportunity of judging for themselves the benefits
likely to arise to their morals by such representations, without any
curtailment of their amusement.

The play opens with a view of a country village; a public-house--sign
the Salutation, on one side; on the other side, a baker's house and
shop, and next door a butcher's house and shop; trees and a seat
before it.

Enter the Rev. Mr. Shepherd--goes to the inn, and is shut out--he
tries the baker, who will not give him a lodging--whereupon he
proceeds to the butcher's. As he advances, he hears a hymn sung by
the butcher's family, accompanied on the oboe. He is shortly after
received by the butcher, and the scene changes to the inside of the
butcher's house, where, as it is described, there is "everything
remarkably neat, and even elegant in a plain way."

Enter Mrs. Goodman, George, and Ruth--then Goodman and the Rev. Mr.

The following conversation occurs:--

  GOODMAN. Mary, here is a gentleman will lodge here to-night.
  Muggins is in one of his surly fits, and has denied him. Put
  clean sheets on the bed, and you shall sleep with Ruth, and I

  MRS. G. What will the gentleman be pleased to have? Pray, be
  seated, sir--take this great chair. Shall I do you a mutton chop,

  GOODMAN. Bring the ease-and-comfort, George.

In a long note Mr. Plumptree elaborately describes this machine, and
benevolently observes, that no house should be without at least one
of them.

  MR. SHEPHERD. I thank you--if it will not be giving you too much
  trouble, I should prefer tea before everything--nothing refreshes
  me after fatigue like tea.

  MRS. G. By all means, sir; the fire is not out in the back-house.
  Ruth, put on the kettle; it is hot; and get the tea-things.

  GEORGE. (_Bringing the ease-and-comfort._) Here, father.

  GOODMAN. Will you rest your legs on this, sir? we call it ease
  and comfort.

  MR. SHEPHERD. 'Tis ease and comfort, indeed. I know it by the
  name of rest-and-be-thankful. I will beg, if you please, when I
  go to bed, the patriarchal hospitality of water for my feet, and
  that warm.

This conversation, which is quite refreshing from its naturalness,
continues till it takes a turn in this manner:--

It will be observed that Goodman is a butcher.

  GOODMAN. It is said that our laws do not allow a butcher to serve
  upon a jury in a case of life and death--supposing, from his
  business, that he must have less humanity than others.

  MR. SHEPHERD. But that, I believe, is not the case; and within my
  own confined experience I have known several truly respectable
  and humane butchers. Our laws themselves are sanguinary; and
  they do not make the same exception to the military or naval
  characters, both which professions have too much to do with the
  effusion of blood.

       *       *       *       *       *

  GOODMAN. What do you think, sir, of the post-boy who cuts and
  over-drives his horses?

  MR. SHEPHERD. What do I think of the gentleman who sits behind
  him, and permits it--nay, encourages him, and pays him extra for
  distressing them, merely to bring him a few minutes sooner to the
  end of his stage?

  GOODMAN. Sir, I had rather be what I am.

  MR. SHEPHERD. And so had I--it is a consolation to me often, in
  my journeys on foot, that no beast suffers for my accommodation.

The vein of morality which runs through the dialogue is exquisitely
touching, and in the hands of Terry or Macready we think Goodman
might be made highly effective--Young would be excellent in the
"Rev." Mr. Shepherd, and in the latter part of the act, where
Goodman discovers in the clergyman a friend who "put up at the Wheat
Sheaf, at Blessbury, twenty-five years before," would make a decided
hit--when pushing away his ease and comfort, the Reverend Gentleman
returns thanks for having made the butcher what he finds him.

The conclusion of the first act is happily imagined, and highly

  MR. SHEPHERD. If you please, I will retire to rest--I heard your
  evening hymn, and interrupted your prayer in the hope of joining
  in it. Of whose devotions do you make use?

  GOODMAN. Bishop Wilson's, sir--but you will be so good as to lead
  for us.

  MR. SHEPHERD. If you please--but in general I know not that you
  can do better than make use of the pious bishop.

  GOODMAN. George, bring the book.

  MR. SHEPHERD. I will have it in my hand, if you please, but our
  own peculiar circumstances require our own peculiar thanks and

  [_George brings the book, and gives it to Mr. S., and whilst they
  are looking at him, as if waiting for his kneeling first, the
  curtain drops._]

It is impossible not to feel such a scene deeply--its dramatic
quality and the powerful effect that such a style of representation
could not fail to have upon a thinking audience.

In the second act Goodman dispatches a leg of mutton to Lord
Orwell's, and puts up a prayer--Mrs. Goodman inquires if the
gentleman's shoes are cleaned, and mentions that she must go and look
at the rolls in the camp oven: subsequently to which we are presented
with a scene at his Lordship's, who desires the butcher to sit down,
and enters into conversation about "Fiorin grass," which Goodman says
will produce six ton per acre. His Lordship then recommends a work
called "The Experienced Butcher," published by Darton and Harvey,
Gracechurch Street, price 6s.--in return for which Goodman mentions
the arrival of Mr. Shepherd, and recommends him for the curacy of
Gladford, the new rector having refused to countenance him. Whereupon
Lord Orwell says to the butcher (taking his hand), "Mr. Goodman,
this, like every part of your conduct, raises you in my esteem;
depend upon my services wherever they can be useful."

  GOODMAN. Your Lordship is too condescending--too good--to _me_

  [_Exit, putting his hand to his eyes, to wipe away the tears._

  LORD ORWELL. No profession, I see, however rude, can prevent the
  growth of humanity, where religion affords its kindly influence.
  Even conversation with this butcher I perceive to improve my


  Good morning to you, Sir William; you rested well, I hope?

  SIR W. Quite so, I thank you; your Lordship is well this morning,
  I hope? You have been sending your butcher away in tears, I see.
  I passed him in the hall; he gave me a look that spoke I know not
  what; I felt it at my heart.

       *       *       *       *       *

  LORD ORWELL. I think you must have heard me mention this butcher
  before; he is not only the best butcher for many miles round, but
  one of the best men!

His Lordship then characterises Goodman thus:--

  I have a great regard for him. In addition to all I have said,
  there is a civility and gentleness in his manner--an ease and
  frankness--civil without servility--ease without familiarity, and
  gentle, with much animation!

  SIR WILLIAM. It seems, then, that the butcher, if not a gentleman
  has much of the gentleman about him.

  LORD ORWELL. Exactly so. But let us join the breakfast party.


There is so much genuine nature in all this, that we certainly should
have no hesitation in foretelling the reception it would meet with on
the stage, if acted. The _dénoûment_ may easily be anticipated; Mr.
Shepherd, instead of being continued as curate, gets the rectory at
Gladford; and Lord Orwell and Sir William Rightly having walked down
to the butcher's, there conclude the play thus:

  [Lord Orwell and Sir William alternately shake hands with Mrs.
  Shepherd and Mrs. Goodman; Mr. Shepherd and Goodman then take
  each other cordially by the hand, in the centre, while Lord
  Orwell takes Goodman's hand and Mrs. Goodman's; Sir William takes
  Mrs. Shepherd's and Ruth's; Mrs. Goodman takes Muggins's, and
  Muggins George's; Ruth takes Crusty's, and Crusty his wife's. The
  curtain drops.]

As we have already said, the great charm of these pieces is the
perfect representation which they give of _real life_. The intimate
knowledge of human nature, and of society, which shines throughout
all of them; and, above all, that consummate skill which, while it
affords the richest dramatic treat, conveys the purest moral lesson.

It certainly is not for us to prescribe to Mr. Elliston; but we do
think that if the play, whence we have made the above extracts, were
acted at Drury Lane, the effect produced would be extraordinary.
To Mr. Plumptree we return our thanks for his volume, which having
read with admiration, we lay down with infinite satisfaction; and if
every author were to pursue _his_ plan and publish the piece, which
managers have refused, it would very soon put an end to all doubts
as to the cabals and intrigues which agitate, divide, and govern
theatrical cabinets.


With considerable exertion, and at a great expense of capital and
research, we have been fortunately enabled to gratify the prevalent
taste for diaries and correspondence; a gentleman of the highest
literary character, moving in the first circles as well of the
political as fashionable world, has been kind enough to furnish us
with no less than twenty-four volumes of MS. letters and memoranda,
the production of all the leading personages of the last and present

It is from the unreserved communication of their thoughts and
feelings that the characters of great men are to be justly
appreciated; and with the addition of the notes, explanatory and
critical, of our highly-gifted friend, we think we shall do the world
a service, and our readers a pleasure, by submitting portions of the
great collection entrusted to our care.

It must be observed that the whole of the correspondence of which
we are possessed is strictly of a private nature, and certainly has
never appeared in print before. We give a few specimens:--

  No. I.


  "Mr. Pitt will be glad to see Mr. Smith to-morrow at twelve.

  "Downing-street, April 4, 1800."

I have not been able to ascertain precisely who this Mr. Smith was,
and the envelope, which possibly might have shewn the address, has
been unfortunately lost--the name of Smith is by no means an uncommon
one; it is possible that this note might have been written to a
relation of Lord Carrington, who was created a Baron on the 15th of
July, 1796. His Lordship married a Miss Bernard, by whom he has had
one son and eleven daughters.--ED.

  No. II.


  "Southampton-street, April 9, 1775.

  "DEAR GOLDSMITH,--Mrs. Garrick will be glad to see you here at
  dinner to-day, at three o'clock.

  "Yours, D. G."

The authenticity of this short letter is unquestionable; for although
the initials of this British Roscius only are affixed to it, the
date, and the known intimacy which existed between Garrick and
Goldsmith, put all doubt at rest as to the real writer. It is a
curious transcript of the times, as it marks the hour of dining in
the year 1775, in what may be considered the best authority. Garrick
retired from the stage in 1777, and died in 1779; his widow survived
him nearly half a century. The house at Hampton was purchased by
a Mr. Carr, Solicitor, as I believe, to the Excise, one of whose
daughters was married to Dr. Lushington.--ED.

  No. III.


  "Mrs. Barbauld will thank Miss Higginbotham to let her have the
  silk gown home by Saturday night at latest.

  "Thursday evening."

This interesting remain is without date, but it bears the evidence of
truth on its face. Mrs. Barbauld, who was the daughter of Dr. Aikin,
was a highly-talented lady; her "Beggar's Petition" itself is enough
to immortalize her. The desire to have home a new gown on Saturday
night, in order that she might wear it at church the next day, has
a naturalness in it which is quite refreshing--a feminine anxiety
operating upon a masculine mind.

I have endeavoured by every possible means to ascertain who the Miss
Higginbotham was, to whom the letter is addressed, but hitherto in
vain. By reference to the files of newspapers kept at the Chapter
Coffee House, in St. Paul's Churchyard, I see that in the year 1870,
a Mrs. Hickenbotham kept a milliner's shop in Hanway-yard, as it was
then called. But I can hardly fancy it the same person, because in
the first place Mrs. Barbauld distinctly calls her Miss, whereas the
person in question was married; and secondly, because the name of the
milliner to whom the newspaper refers, is spelt Hickenbotham, whereas
Mrs. Barbauld makes the Hick, Hig, and spells her _bottom_, _botham_,
after the manner of the landlord of the Windmill Inn, at Salt-hill,
near Eton in Buckinghamshire.

  No. IV.


  "BURNS,--Get something for dinner by four o'clock to-morrow, and
  tell Simmons to have a fire lighted in my bed-room early in the

  "E. B."

The Right Hon. Edmund Burke, one of the most distinguished of our
British worthies, was born at Limerick on New Year's Day, 1730; he
was educated by a Quaker, got into Parliament in 1765, and died at
Beaconsfield, July 8, 1797. Burns I imagine to have been a servant
of his, but I have no particular reason for believing it, beyond the
evidence of the letter before us. The direction to get dinner ready,
comes evidently in the way of a command; and the unadorned style
of address quite justifies my suspicions. Simmons is unquestionably
a domestic servant, and a female. In the registry of marriages in
Beaconsfield church, I find an entry of a marriage between Thomas
Hopkins and Mary Anne Simmons, spinster; which Mary Anne I take to
be the individual referred to by Burke. The date of that marriage
is June 15, 1792. Now, although this letter is without date, it is
fair to infer from the reference to "making a fire in his bed-room,"
that it was written much earlier in the year than the month of June;
so that even if we were able to fix the date of the letter in the
same year, it is quite within the range of possibility that the
marriage did not take place till several months after the servant
was spoken of, by her maiden name of Simmons. I took occasion to
visit Beaconsfield twice, concerning this little doubt, and I think
it but justice to make my acknowledgments to Mr. Thomas Fagg, the
deputy-sexton of the parish, for his urbane attention to me, and the
readiness with which he afforded me all the information of which he
was possessed.--ED.

  No. V.


  "MY DEAR SIR,--The weather is so hot, and town so dull, that I
  intend flying from all its ills and inconveniences to-morrow; I
  shall be happy, therefore, to join your pleasant party.--Yours,

  "P. F."

This very curious letter is not more valuable on account of the
matter it contains, than as conducing to throw additional light upon
the mystery of Junius--it would occupy too much space in a note to
enter into a disquisition concerning the various conflicting opinions
upon this subject, but as far as a comparison of hand-writing
with some portions of the MS. of Junius's Letters, which I had an
opportunity of seeing, and a strong similarity of style in the
writing, go, I have no hesitation in settling the authorship upon
Sir Philip--there is such vigorous imagination displayed in the
description, in nine words, of the state of the weather and the
metropolis, and such a masculine resolution evinced in the declared
determination to "fly from all its ills and inconveniences" the
very next day, that one cannot but pause to admire the firmness
which could plan such a measure, and the taste which could give
such a determination in such language. The cautious concealment of
the place to which the supposed party of pleasure was to go, is
another evidence of the force of habit--I have reason to believe
it to have been Twickenham, or as Pope spells it, Twitnam, but I
have no particular datum whereon to found this suspicion, except,
indeed, that I think it quite as probable to have been Twickenham, or
Twitnam, as any other of the agreeable villages round London.--ED.

  No. VI.


  "Leicester Fields, Saturday.

  "MY DEAR SIR,--I have received your witty note, and am extremely
  obliged to you for your present of venison. I trust you will
  favour me with your company on Tuesday, to meet some of your
  friends, to join them in discussing it.--Yours, very truly,


There can be little doubt that the note referred to by Sir Joshua
was full of those quibbles and quaintnesses for which Whitefoord was
so well known. Whitefoord was a man of considerable attainments, and
was distinguished by the peculiarity of his dress; a French grey
coat with black frogs, a small cocked hat and an umbrella--he was
the constant frequenter of auctions, and has the credit of being the
inventor of the now hacknied concit called "Cross readings." It is
certain, that in his note sent with the venison, he called Sir Joshua
his deer friend, hoped it would suit his pallate, recommended him
to take some cuts from it and transfer them to plates, spoke of the
current sauce being jelly, and perhaps signed himself his Buck friend
(for at that period the words Buck and Maccaroni were the distinctive
appellations of two classes of persons in London). I surmise this,
because he was a confirmed punster, a character somewhat prized in
those days. Goldsmith said it was impossible to keep company with him
without being infected with the itch of punning. He is celebrated in
the postscript to "Retaliation:"--

      "Merry Whitefoord, farewell! for thy sake I admit
      That a Scot may have humour, I'd almost said, wit.
      This debt to thy memory I cannot refuse,
      Thou best-temper'd man, with the worst-temper'd muse."--ED.

It is impossible for us to spare more room to-day, but we think we
have offered a specimen of a work which will be found at least equal
to many others whose pretensions are much more formidable, and which,
after all, do not exhibit so faithfully the peculiar characteristics
of the private lives of public men.


The following letter has been transmitted to us, as written by a
Cockney gentleman late in the train of Lord Byron,[50] but now
discarded--we are not sufficiently acquainted with the style of
the writer to vouch for its genuineness, but we give it as we have
received it:--

  My dear ----, --I am astonished at what you write me. So then,
  notwithstanding all the strong articles in our last Liberal
  Magazine, neither Government nor people has made a stir; England
  is still a monarchy, England is still a monarchy, and not even
  a single change in the ministry has been effected! Jeffrey,
  (Byron's new friend,) who is always sanguine, thinks the next
  Number must do it, but I begin to despair; and the worry-one's
  soul-out, as it were, effect of the disappointment on my health
  is very visible. I pine, and grow thinner and paler every day. My
  appearance, by the way, is very interesting and Tasso-like, and
  I think an engraving of me would sell well in England, where a
  "how-does-he-look" sort of inquiry must be in everybody's mouth
  just now. But let that pass for the present, I have matter of
  still greater moment for you.

  The only subject of conversation now in England, and indeed
  in all those parts of Europe where tyrants are not as _yet_
  allowed to send in fellows with bayonets to stop people's mouths
  whenever they mention my name, must be the coolness between me
  and Byron, and it is proper the rights of it should be known,
  which is better than folks going about with a he-said-this--and
  then-he-said-t'other sort of report of it. The fact is, that
  Byron is the aggressor, for he began first, as the children
  say, and all about a piece of patrician pride, very unbecoming
  among us radicals. Some time ago, seeing him in conversation
  with the Earl of----, at the end of the Strada di----, I hopped
  down the street, and, just to shew the intimacy which subsisted
  between us, slapped him on the back with a "Ha! Byron, my boy!"
  He darted at me one of his look-you-through sort of glances, and
  turned from me without speaking; and it was not till after a
  decided cut of eight or ten days that, wanting something done,
  he sent for me. I went; he began by a tread-you to-dirtish, as
  it were taking of me to task, said something about the "coarse
  familiarity of your radicals;" and then told me that I might stop
  and dine with him that day, which I did. You will gather from
  this that these lords are not to be depended upon, they are but
  a half and half sort of radicals--the cloven foot of nobility is
  perpetually peeping out, they won't give altogether into that
  hail-fellow-well-metishness, which we expect from them. Again: at
  dinner that day, happening to say to him, "I and you, Byron, who
  are called the Satanic School:" he cut me short unceremoniously,
  and said, "Who the h--ll ever called _you_ Satanic?--Cockney, if
  you please and reminded me of the fable of the apples swimming.
  Now, putting radicalism out of the question, this was very
  ungenteel from one great poet to another--then he is jealous of
  me. We have had a disagreement about which of us should have
  the most room to write in the Liberal Magazine. He wanted all;
  which (though I never contradict him, or he'd have cut me long
  ago.) I almost remonstrated against, so he allowed me a corner
  here and there, as it were. Thus he flatly attributes our slow
  sale to my poetry--then to my prose--and in short, he was lately
  so insulting that I had "ever such a mind" (as we used to say
  at school) to tell him the fault was all his own; for between
  ourselves he has grown as stupid and as vulgar as the best of
  us. But worst of all, I find he has been making a mere tool of
  me, and he quizzes me to my very face. Some weeks ago I told
  him I had thoughts of writing his life, to which he replied
  with a smile, "Do;" but when I added that he ought in return to
  write mine, he exclaimed with a sneer "Pooh!" and went away in a
  turn-on-the-heel sort of fashion. But this is of a piece with
  his refusing to call me Tasso and Ariosto in exchange for my
  calling him Dante in our next poems.

  Doubtless you have heard of the verses I addressed to him; I
  suppose there is an I-wish-I-could-get-'em sort of anxiety about
  them in England, so I send you a copy:--


      "Dear Byron, while you're out walking, I'll just say
      Something about ourselves in my off-hand way,
      Easy and Chaucer-like; in that free rhyme
      They used to warble in the olden time,
      And which you so chucklingly listen to when I
      Pour out a strain of it, as 'twere, chirpingly;
      Full of all sorts of lovely, graceful things,
      Smacking of fancy, pretty imaginings,
      Which I trick out with a Titian-like sort of air,
      And a touch of Michael Angelo here and there;
      For though the graceful's wherein I excel,
      I dash off the sublime, too, pretty well.

      "Now, let me see--I have it--I'll suppose,
      (Though you're there in the garden plucking a rose,)
      That, after travelling many and many a day,
      You are wandering in some country far away,
      When, being tired, you stretch beneath a tree,
      And take from your pocket my Rimini,
      And read it through and through, and think of me;
      And then you take some other work of mine,
      And con it daintily, tasting it line by line,
      Pausing 'tween whiles, as one does drinking port,
      And smack your lips, saying, 'This is your right sort.'
      And when it has grown too dark for you to see,
      You close the book and wish for your dear Leigh:
      Then comes a little bird, fluttering near,
      And perches, fairy like, on the tip of your ear;
      Then up you jump and would hunch it away;
      But, spite of all, the little bird will stay,
      And then----(But what I'm writing all this while
      Is a fancy in my wild Ariosto style)--
      And thus this little bird turns into me,
      And you rush forward to me in ecstasy,
      And grasp my hand, as it were, clutchingly,
      And call me your 'dear Leigh;' while I, e'en bolder,
      Cry, 'Ah, my dear Byron!' clapping you on the shoulder,
      E'en just as I might be supposed to do,
      If this were not a Poet's dream, but true."

  Now, I expected this would have procured me a sonnet at least in
  return, but he did not even deign ever once to notice it, spite
  of all my attempts to draw him out about it. You, who know what
  an excessively sensitive creature I am, will easily conceive the
  heart-in-one's-mouthishness of my sensations, when I found out
  his real opinion of me. It happened one day that he left me alone
  in his study. He had no sooner turned his back than I began to
  fumble among his books and papers. What I most earnestly sought
  was the copy I gave him of my "Story of Rimini," thinking to
  find it full of notes in his own hand-writing. It was not even
  half cut open! A proof he had not half read it. Against "my dear
  Byron," in the dedication (for you know I dedicated it to him) I
  found written "Familiar Cockney," and in the last leaf cut--that
  is as far as I presume he had read,--was written the following

      "O! Crimini, Crimini!
      What a mimini, pimini,
      Story of Rimini!"

  This you will say was sufficiently cut-one-to-the-heartish, but
  this was little compared with what follows. Among other things,
  I found the MS. of the Twelfth Canto of Don Juan, which will
  shortly appear. By the way, it is rather unfair in him, to say
  no less of it, to throw "Cockney" in my teeth at every turn,
  considering that I have now quite given up talking of Highgate
  and Primrose Hill, ever since I have seen the Apennines--and to
  a friend, too! But it is my friend Byron's way; he calls and
  uncalls all his friends round, once in every four or five years,
  or so. But to my extract from his next canto:--

                              "Filthy scum!
      These Hunts, Hones, Despards, Thistlewoods, and Ings!
      These worms with which we politicians angle,
      We leave at last on Ketch's line to dangle.

      Poor drivelling dupes! and can they think that we
        By birth ennobled, and no little proud
      Of our nobility, would stoop to be
        Companion'd with the base, plebeian crowd;
      Or that the crack-brain'd Bysshe, or Cockney Leigh,
        Or Gentle Johnny[51] e'er had been allow'd
      To sicken us with their familiarity,
      Forgetful of their distance and disparity,
      But that we turn'd them to our dirty uses?

        My tool I've lately placed upon the shelf,
      So patronize my Cockney now who chooses;
        I've ta'en to do my dirty work myself.
      I find, too, that in fashion my abuse is,
        And brings--not that I value it--the pelf;
      But, let me hint, there's need of cash to victual ye
      E'en in this cheapest of all countries--Italy.

      I've turn'd him off! He's gone! I've made the ninny stir
        His stumps! For on my stomach his pathetic,
      His Cockney rurals, drivellings, phrases sinister,
        And affectations act as an emetic.
      Besides, he thinks he's fit to be prime minister!
        The whimpering, simpering, Horsemonger ascetic![52]
      And there, he's grown so horribly familiar,
      And paws and 'dears' one so--I vow 'twould kill you."

  There, my dear friend--and this is from one radical to
  another!--the root of all this is, that I did once hint to him
  that I thought myself a better poet than he; more antique and
  to-the-heartish, giving my verses an Italian twang, and so
  forth. As to his allusion to my thinking myself fit to be prime
  minister, I merely threw out an idea that way, once when we were
  re-modelling. No. V. of our Liberal Magazine shortly. Let tyrants
  tremble!--Yours ever.


By favour of a friend just arrived from the Mediterranean we have
received exclusively some most interesting papers relative to Lord
Byron; they consist of anecdotes, which have never been known, and
some original letters, which have never been out of the hands of
the individual by whom we are favoured. Some of his Lordship's more
recent conversations are detailed, which will be found highly amusing
and characteristic. We submit a few extracts, which we trust will
prove acceptable to our readers.

"Lord Byron," says our correspondent, "had several peculiarities; he
reduced himself from corpulency to the contrary extreme, by eating
raisins, and occasionally sipping brandy. He used frequently to
observe that brandy was a very ardent spirit, and remarked that to
persons anxious to conceal the strength of their potations, hollands
was better adapted, inasmuch as being of a similar colour with the
water, the quantity mixed with that liquid was less easily detectable
by the eye.

"Lord Byron was perhaps more sensible of approaching changes in the
weather than any other man living. One day, on a voyage to Athens to
eat beef-steaks, a dark cloud appeared to windward of the vessel;
his Lordship regarded it steadily for some time, until at length,
feeling a few drops of rain fall, he called to Fletcher to bring his
cloak, so certain he was of an approaching shower. Byron always slept
with his eyes closed, and if by any accident he lay on his back,
snored remarkably loud; he was very particular in his toothpicks, and
generally used those of a peculiar kind of wood, in preference to

"In writing letters of an ordinary cast, his style was plain, clear,
and perspicuous; a specimen follows, it is addressed to a friend:--


  'DEAR ----,

  Will you dine with me to-morrow?--

  Yours truly,


The next is to a person who had been recommended to his notice, and
whom he felt it necessary to invite. We suppress the name of the
party, lest Mr. Hobhouse should get an injunction.

  'Lord Byron's compliments to Mr. ----, requests the pleasure of
  his company at dinner on Wednesday next.'

"These sort of notes he would secure indiscriminately with wafers or
wax, as the case might be.

"One day conversing with him upon the state of Greece, and the great
struggle in which we were all engaged, he observed to me, 'that a
very small proportion of the population of London had been in the
Archipelago.' When I assented, he said--with a sigh which went to my
heart, and in a tone which I shall never forget--'It would be very
strange if they had.'

"He had a strong antipathy to pork when underdone or stale, and
nothing could induce him to partake of fish which had been caught
more than ten days--indeed, he had a singular dislike even to the
smell of it; some of his observations upon this subject will be
given in a new quarto work about to be published by a very eminent

"He spoke of Harrow with strong feelings of affection, and of the
lovely neighbours of Dr. Bowen--(who they were he carefully concealed
from us)--they were tenants of the same house with the late Duke of
Dorset, who was Byron's fag. To a lady of the name of Enoch, who
lived in a cottage at Roxeth, he had addressed some of his early
productions, but had destroyed them. He used to ask me why Mr.
Procter called himself Cornwall? 'he might as well call himself
Cumberland,' said Byron, with his accustomed acumen.

"It has been remarked that Byron spoke of his own child with
affection. Strange and unnatural as this may appear, it is literally
the fact. It seems, however, to have excited so much surprise, that
it is absolutely necessary to be particular in impressing the truth
upon the British nation, who are so deeply interested in everything
which relates to the immortal poet departed.

"The poem which he wrote upon the close of his thirty-sixth year has
been published and republished so often, that we do not think it
worth printing here. But the observation made by its great author to
our correspondent is curious and striking:--

"'I have written these verses on closing my thirty-sixth year,'
said Byron. 'I was always superstitious--thirty-six is an ominous
number--four times nine are thirty-six; three times twelve are
thirty-six; the figures thirty-six are three and six--six and three
make nine, so do five and four'--he paused and said--'Mrs. Williams,
the old lady who told my fortune, is right. The chances are, I shall
not live six and thirty years more.' The fact has proved that he was
not ungifted with the power of divination.

"Byron died, as I have just said, in his thirty-sixth year. What
makes this coincidence the more curious is, that if he had lived
till January, 1844, he would have completed his fifty-sixth, a
circumstance which, curious as it is, we believe has not been noticed
by any of his biographers.

"I once proposed to him to take a companion on a tour he was about to
make; he answered me snappishly--'No; Hobhouse once went with me on a
tour--I had enough of him. No more travelling companions for me.'

"He used frequently to compare himself to Buonaparte--so did we, to
please him. Buonaparte had a head, so had Byron, so has Mr. Hayne
of Burderop Park, Wilts, so has a pin; he was tickled with the
comparison, and we lived with him, and swallowed toads at discretion.

"Moore, the author of the 'Fudge Family,' was a great favourite
of Byron's; he had not discovered that it was Moore who persuaded
Hunt--the man who made Rimini--that he was a mighty clever fellow,
and that if he set up a periodical work, he (Moore) would contribute
to it: Moore constantly abused Hunt to Byron at the same time--called
him a stupid Cockney, and swore that Byron was ruining himself by
associating with him. This was kind and liberal, and justifies
what Douglas Kinnaird and everybody else indeed say of Moore just
now--Byron would not have liked Moore the better for this--poor Hunt
had a wife and children, and was in needy circumstances, and Byron
did them great service--and what harm could Hunt do Byron, or anybody

"The Greeks think Byron will come to life again after a while, and
one poet in the Chronicle, probably Moore, talks of having seen his
_manes_ in George-street, Westminster, and of the possibility of
his yet wandering about Greece, in a white dressing-gown, singing
'Liberty Hall;' but I, who know Byron well, and all his expectations,
doubt the fact. I was surprised to find, considering how right
and fashionable it is to praise my departed friend, that his wife
declined seeing his body, and all his family declined attending his

"He told me one night that ---- told ---- that if ---- would only
---- him ----. She would ---- without any compunction; for her ----,
who though an excellent man, was no ----, and that she never ----,
and this she told ---- and ---- as well as Lady ---- herself. Byron
told me this in confidence, and I may be blamed for repeating it; but
---- can corroborate it if he happens not to be gone to ----."


To those who are in the habit of recurring with a feeling of devotion
to the golden gone-by times of our forefathers, and who "track back"
upon antiquity to hunt out subjects for admiration, it must be in
some degree consolatory to discover, that even in these degenerate
days there still exist amongst us men capable of recording the noble
deeds of the "mighty living;" and that one of the most important
occurrences of modern date has found an historian worthy of the
subject which it has been made his duty to transmit to posterity.

To such of our readers as are generally conversant with the history,
political or statistical, of the City of London, it may perhaps be
needless to observe, that it affords, by virtue of its charter and
constitution, power and authority, might and majesty, for one year at
a time, to one illustrious individual (made, indeed, illustrious by
his office), and that this illustrious individual is pre-eminently
distinguished above all others of God's creatures (within his special
jurisdiction) by the title of Lord Mayor. Having been a Liveryman, he
proceeds to Sheriff and Alderman, and in time, being an Alderman, he
becomes Mayor, and being Mayor of London, becomes a Lord!--that he is
not a Peer, arises only from the difficulty of finding any to compare
with him.

Thus, then, it being conceded that there is, and always will be, a
Lord Mayor of London, so long as London stands--for the constitution
of Cornhill and the majesty of the Mansion House remain unshaken by
the storms of treason or the efforts of rebellion, and shine in all
their native excellence with equal purity and brightness, whether
under the gentle sway of an amiable Mary, the gloomy troubles of
a martyred Charles, the plain dominion of a protecting Oliver, or
the glorious sway of a liberating William--it being then, we say,
conceded that the Lord Mayor, officially, never dies, we seek to
show the imperative necessity which presses upon every Lord Mayor
while in office, personally so to distinguish himself from the long
line of his predecessors and those who are to follow him, by some
striking deed, either bodily or mental, political or financial,
literary or scientific, so that when he shall have returned from
the pinnacle of earthly splendour at the corner of Walbrook into
the softer retirement of his patrimonial shop in Pudding-lane or
Fish-street-hill, children yet unborn may learn to lisp the name of
their great ancestor mingled with their prayers, never forgetting to
singularise him especially from all the other Figginses, Wigginses,
Bumpuses, and Snodgrasses of their respective houses, by prefixing in
their minds to the patronymic, the deed, or work, or act, or book,
as it may be, by which that particular branch of their family has so
flourished into virid immortality.

By observing this system, an association is formed in the mind of
men and deeds highly refreshing, at once useful and agreeable.
Who ever hears of Walworth without thinking of Wat Tyler?--who
ever reads of Whittington without having a Cat in his eye?--who
speaks of Wood without thinking of Whittington?--who of Waithman
without recollecting Knightsbridge foot-path? Thus it is that these
illustrious men are distinguished, not only from all other Lord
Mayors, but from all other Whittingtons, Walworths, Woods, and
Waithmans, in the world.

With such examples before him, was it unnatural, or not to be
expected, that the late Lord Mayor, Venables, should be contented to
sink back into the shades of Queenhithe from the Civic throne without
leaving something behind him which might entitle him to fill a niche
in the Temple of Fame? We think not; and we have no hesitation in
saying that his Lordship's well-directed ambition, blending as it has
done the eminently-useful with the strikingly-agreeable, has produced
results which will hand him down to future ages with as much grace,
certainty, and propriety as his Lordship ever exhibited in his late
great life-time in handing down an Alderman's lady to dinner.

When we say, "late life-time," we mean official life--Venables the
man, is alive and merry--but, alas! Venables the mayor, is dead.

It now becomes our duty to explain what it is that has so decidedly
stamped the greatness of Lord Wenables--so he was called by the
majority of his subjects--and in doing so, we have to divide
(although not in equal parts) the fame and glory of the enterprise
between his Lordship and his Lordship's Chaplain, who, upon this
special occasion, and at his Lordship's special desire, was the
historian of his Lordship's exploits.

It seems, that in the course of last summer, the Lord Wenables having
over-eaten himself, brought upon himself a fever and rash, and during
his confinement to the house the disorder took an ambitious turn,
and his Lordship's organ of locomotiveness having been considerably
enlarged and inflamed by his Lordship's having accidentally bumped
his noble head against the corner of the bedstead, his Lordship was
seized with a desire to glorify and immortalise himself by foreign
travel the moment he got better of his green-fat fever--and having
sent for his Chaplain to consult upon some sort of expedition which
might answer his purpose, his Lordship and the Divine deliberated

At one time he suggested going down the shaft of Brunel's tunnel at
Rotherhithe, but the work was not far enough advanced to render it
even commonly hazardous--that was abandoned. Going up in a balloon
was suggested, but there was no utility blended with the risk. The
dreadful dangers of Chelsea reach had already been encountered, and
a colony established by his Lordship on the east end of Stephenson's
Island, beyond Teddington--something even more daring must be tried;
and, as it happened that a first cousin of my Lady Wenables had been
reading to his Lordship, who was not able to read himself (from
illness, not from want of learning), "Travels undertaken in order to
discover the Source of the Nile," his Lordship at once resolved to
signalise himself by undertaking a journey to discover, if possible,
the "Source of the Thames." His Lordship was greatly excited to the
undertaking upon being told that Mungo Park had been carried into
Africa by a similar desire--and he observed with wonderful readiness,
that if it were possible to remove a whole Park into Africa, there
could be no insurmountable obstacle to transporting Lady Wenables to
the source of the Thames.

When Lord Wenables was first put upon the project, he was rather
of opinion that the source of the Thames was at its mouth--"a part
which," as his Lordship observed, "is in man the source of all
pleasure;" and he suggested going by land to Gravesend, to look out
for the desired object. But the Chaplain informed his Lordship that
rivers began at the other end--upon which his Lordship, not having
gone so far into the study of geography as to ascertain the exact
course of the river beyond Stephenson's Island, hinted his intention
of going with Lady Wenables by land as far as Dunstable, and then
proceeding in the search.

The Chaplain, it seems, although not quite sure enough of his
experience to give Lord Wenables a downright negative to his
suggestion, deemed it necessary forthwith to consult a map of Europe,
in which the relative courses of the River Thames and the Dunstable
turnpike-road are laid down in different degrees of latitude, and
having ascertained that Dunstable was an inland town, proceeded to
examine his charts until he discovered Oxford to be a more likely
point to start from with any reasonable hopes of success; this he
mentioned to Lord Wenables, and when his Lordship arose convalescent
from his calipash fever, he mentioned his design to the Court of
Aldermen on Midsummer Day, and the last week of July was ultimately
and unanimously fixed upon for the expedition.

  "Instructions," says the author of the history of the expedition,
  "were, accordingly, agreed to be given to the Town Clerk, to
  secure such accommodation at an inn in Oxford, Reading, and
  Windsor, as might be adequate for the civic party; and to make
  every other necessary arrangement."

And here, before we go any further, it may be necessary to state,
that the work of which we are about to speak has actually been
written by command of Lord Wenables, by his ci-devant Lordship's
ci-devant Chaplain, and published by Messieurs Longman, Rees, Orme,
Brown, and Green, embellished with two beautiful engravings; all we
should add is, that the author is perfectly serious in his details,
and that our extracts are made from his work, correctly verbatim et

Scarce had the Lord Wenables and his Council decided upon going to
Oxford, when the Corporation of that City sent them a letter inviting
them to dinner on the 26th. This unexpected and welcome letter
puzzled the Lord and his Council, inasmuch as they had fixed only
to stay one day at Oxford--that day the 26th, and on that day to
entertain (as no doubt they would) the heads of houses at dinner.

That the Lord Wenables and his Aldermen could have arranged the
matter satisfactorily to all parties by eating two dinners in one
day is evident, but not at the same time, and upon this dilemma the
reverend author makes this communication:--

  "From this difficulty," says he, "they were happily released
  by the question, 'Could not your Lordship go a day sooner to
  Oxford?' It was immediately seen that this slight alteration of
  the plan first intended would obviate every difficulty: it would
  allow them the opportunity of showing their respect to the Mayor
  and Magistrates of Oxford by dining with them on the Tuesday; and
  would also give them the honour of having the University and City
  to dinner on the Wednesday."

The quickness of perception in the Lord Wenables and his Aldermen,
which gave them the advantage of "immediately seeing" that by going
to Oxford on the 25th, they could dine there on the 26th, and by
staying till the 28th they might also dine there on the 27th, if
they liked, is well worthy of praise; and the liberality of inviting
the University and City to dine at the Star Inn, cannot fail to
impress upon the reader the magnificence of Lord Wenables' mind.
Suffice it to say, the Mayor of Oxford accepted the Mayor of London's
invitation, and that the Mayor of London adopted the Mayor of
Oxford's proposition.

The reverend author then says:--

  "Every preliminary arrangement being completed, and ample
  accommodation having been secured at the Star Inn, Oxford, for
  his Lordship and suite, to the number of about thirty persons,
  the civic party began to lay their plans for the journey!

  "It had been previously understood that while his Lordship and
  friends should return together, in the City state barge, they
  should yet go to Oxford in such a way, and at such a time, as
  best comported with their own convenience. Mr. Alderman Atkins,
  accompanied by two of his daughters, Miss Atkins and Miss Sarah
  Jane, left his seat, Halstead Place, in Kent, on Monday, the
  24th of July, and set out from London for Oxford in the cool of
  the following morning. On the same day, Mr. Alderman and Mrs.
  Lucas, with their daughters, Miss Charlotte and Miss Catharine,
  left their house, at Lee, in Kent, and went by land as far as
  Boulter's Lock, near Maidenhead, where they embarked on board
  the Navigation shallop, and proceeded by water to Reading; thus
  selecting some of the finest views on the river."

Lord Wenables himself was, however, not so rash; for having satisfied
himself of the actual existence of Oxford by receiving a letter from
one of the natives, he resolved to proceed thither by land. See we
then from his reverend chaplain's history the mode of his Lordship's
setting forth:--

  "On the morning of the 25th, the Lord Mayor, accompanied by the
  Lady Mayoress, and attended by the Chaplain, left the Mansion
  House, soon after eight o'clock.

  "The private state-carriage, drawn by four beautiful bays, had
  driven to the door at half-past seven. The coachman's countenance
  was reserved and thoughtful, indicating full consciousness of
  the test by which his equestrian skill would this day be tried,
  in having the undivided charge of four high-spirited and stately
  horses--a circumstance somewhat unusual; for, in the Lord Mayor's
  carriage, a postillion usually guides the first pair of horses.
  These fine animals were in admirable condition for the journey.
  Having been allowed a previous day of unbroken rest, they were
  quite impatient of delay, and chafed and champed exceedingly on
  the bits, by which their impetuosity was restrained.

  "The murmur of expectation, which had lasted for more than half
  an hour, amongst the crowd who had gathered around the carriage,
  was at length hushed by the opening of the hall-door. The Lord
  Mayor had been filling up this interval with instructions to
  the _femme de menage_! and other household officers, who were
  to be left in residence, to attend, with their wonted fidelity
  and diligence, to their respective departments of service during
  his absence, and now appeared at the door. His Lordship was
  accompanied by the Lady Mayoress, and followed by the Chaplain.

  "As soon as the female attendant of the Lady Mayoress had taken
  her seat, dressed with becoming neatness, at the side of the
  well-looking coachman, the carriage drove away; not, however,
  with that violent and extreme rapidity which rather astounds than
  gratifies the beholders; but at that steady and majestic pace,
  which is always an indication of REAL GREATNESS!

  "Passing along Cheapside and Fleet Street--those arteries, as Dr.
  Johnson somewhere styles them, through which pours the full tide
  of London population--and then along the Strand and Piccadilly,
  the carriage took the Henley-road to Oxford.

  "The weather was delightful; the sun, as though it had been
  refreshed by the copious and seasonable showers that had fallen
  very recently, seemed to rise more bright and clear than usual,
  and streamed in full glory all around. The dust of almost a whole
  summer had been laid by the rain; the roads were, of consequence,
  in excellent order, and the whole face of creation gleamed with

In fact, creation was so delighted with the appearance of Lord
Wenables, that "Nature wore an universal grin."

The reverend gentleman then describes the blowing up of a powder-mill
as they reached Hounslow, which at first startled Lord Wenables, who
imagined fondly that he had accidentally set fire to the great river
whose source he was seeking; but Lady Wenables concurred with the
reverend writer in assuring his Lordship that he might make himself
perfectly easy upon that particular point.

  "At Cranford-bridge," says the reverend author, "which is about
  thirteen miles from Hyde Park Corner, the Lord Mayor staid only
  long enough to change horses. For, his Lordship intending to
  travel post from Cranford-bridge to Oxford, his own fine horses
  were, after a proper interval of rest, to return to town under
  the coachman's care.

  "These noble animals, however, seemed scarcely to need the rest
  which their master's kindness now allotted them. For though
  they had drawn a somewhat heavy carriage a distance of nearly
  seventeen miles, they yet appeared as full of life as ever;
  arching their stately necks, and dashing in all directions the
  white foam from their mouths, as if they were displeased that
  they were to go no farther!

  "Just as the carriage was about to drive away, Mr. Alderman
  Magnay, accompanied by his lady and daughter, arrived in a
  post-chaise! After an interchange of salutations, the Lady
  Mayoress--observing that they must be somewhat crowded in the
  chaise--invited Miss Magnay to take the fourth seat, which had as
  yet been vacant in the carriage. As the day was beginning to be
  warm, this courteous offer of her Ladyship was readily accepted."

Here we have, in one short page, a striking instance of the "true
instinct" of Lord Wenables' fine horses, who were quite displeased
that they were not allowed to drag him any farther--a delightful
picture of a worthy Alderman and his family--three in a chay--a
splendid specimen of Lady Wenables' sagacity and urbanity, and a
fair estimate of the value of the latter upon the mind of the young
invitée, who accepted her Ladyship's offer of a seat in the state
coach because the day was beginning to get warm!

In safety, however, did Lord Wenables get to Oxford, of which, the
reverend author says--"There is something peculiarly imposing in
the entrance, particularly in the eastern entrance, to this city."
Now this, which is ably twisted into the beginning of a flourishing
description of towers and colleges, evidently refers to the toll at
the Bridge-gate, and which Lord Wenables, who paid the turnpikes
himself and kept the halfpence in the coach pockets, declared to be
one of the greatest impositions at the entrance of a city that he had
ever met with.

We are unable to give our readers the account of the highly
honourable reception which Lord Wenables met with at Oxford, or the
description of the dinner of which he partook--but we must, let
what may happen, extract the whole account of the dinner given by
his Lordship to the Oxfordians--a dinner which took place after a
somewhat protracted lecture on comparative anatomy, which, if it
failed in the delivery of establishing a likeness between a "bat"
and a "whale," most certainly bears evidence, in its transmission to
paper, of the great similitude between a Lord Mayor's Chaplain and a

It will be needless for us to make an observation upon what follows:--

  "The hour of six had scarcely arrived, when the company, invited
  by the Lord Mayor to dine with him at the Star, began to
  assemble. The City watermen, in their new scarlet state liveries,
  were stationed in the entrance hall; and a band of music was in
  attendance to play on the arrival of the visitors."

The reverend author, by blending the band and the watermen (who are
also firemen), leaves it somewhat doubtful to which corps the duty of
playing on the arrival of the visitors was confided. He proceeds:--

  "In a large drawing-room, on the first floor, fronting the
  street, on a sofa at the upper end, sat the Lady Mayoress,
  accompanied by Mr. Charles Venables, and surrounded by the other
  ladies of the party. The City Marshal of London, Mr. Cope,
  dressed in full uniform, and carrying his staff of office in
  his hand, took his station at the door, and announced the names
  of the guests as they severally arrived. Near the entrance of
  the room also stood Mr. Beddome, in a richly-wrought black silk
  gown, carrying the sword downwards. The Lord Mayor, who was in
  full dress, and attended by the Chaplain in clerical robes, wore
  on this occasion the brilliant collar of S.S. (_quære_ A.SS.)
  The Worshipful the Mayor, and the other Magistrates of Oxford;
  Richard Cox, Esq., Thomas Fox Bricknell, Esq., Aldermen; William
  Folker, Esq., Thomas Robinson, Esq., Richard Ferdinand Cox, Esq.,
  Assistants; Mr. Deodatus Eaton, and Mr. Crews Dudley, Bailiffs;
  together with Mr. Percival Walsh, the City Solicitor, attended by
  the Town Clerk, in his robe of office, which resembled in some
  degree the undress black silk gown worn by Gentlemen Commoners
  of the University--were all severally introduced, and received
  by the Lord Mayor with a warmth and cordiality adequate to that
  which they had so kindly manifested on the preceding day.

  "The Vice-Chancellor of Oxford, the Rev. Dr. Richard Jenkyns,
  Master of Baliol, preceded, as usual, by one of the Yeomen
  Bedels, carrying a large mace, and the Rev. Dr. Thomas Edward
  Bridges, President of Corpus Christi College, the Rev. Dr. George
  William Hall, Master of Pembroke; the Rev. Dr. Nicholas Philip
  Shuttleworth, Warden of New College; the Rev. Dr. John Dean,
  Principal of St. Mary's Hall, and Lord Almoner's Prælector in
  Arabic; together with the two Proctors, the Rev. George Cumming
  Rashleigh, M.A., and the Rev. Wadham Harbin, M.A.; the Rev. Mr.
  Woodgate, to whom allusion has before been made, and other
  Members of the University, all of whom were dressed in full
  academicals, were severally introduced to the Lady Mayoress. To
  this distinguished list of visitors must be added the names of
  John Fane, Esq., one of the Members of Parliament for the county
  of Oxford; and James Haughton Langston, Esq., and John Ingram
  Lockhart, Esq., Members for the City of Oxford.

  "When dinner was announced, the party, amounting to nearly
  sixty persons, each gentleman taking charge of a fair partner,
  descended to a long room on the ground floor.

  "Every attention had been given by the proprietor of the Star
  to render the dinner as excellent as the occasion required,
  and to fit up the dining-room with as much taste as its extent
  would admit of; and no means had been left untried to keep the
  apartment as cool as possible. Wreaths of flowers were hung
  thickly round it, and the windows, which opened on a garden,
  were overspread with branches of trees, to exclude, as much as
  possible, the warm beams of a western summer sun. The band of
  musicians now removed their station from the entrance hall to the
  garden under the windows, where they played, at proper intervals,
  with excellent effect, the whole evening. The Lord Mayor and
  Lady Mayoress took their seats at the head of the table, the
  Vice-Chancellor of the University sitting on the right hand of
  his Lordship, and the Chief Magistrate of Oxford on the left of
  her Ladyship. The heads of the Houses then took their seats,
  according to the priority of their admission to the degree of
  Doctor, alternating with the ladies and daughters of Aldermen
  Atkins, Magnay, Heygate, and Lucas. The Aldermen of London and of
  Oxford then filled the remainder of the table.

  "Amidst much elegance and beauty, the Lady Mayoress attracted
  particular observation. Her Ladyship was arrayed in the most
  splendid manner, wore a towering plume of ostrich feathers, and
  blazed with jewels!

  "When the Chaplain, by craving a blessing on the feast, had set
  the guests at liberty to address themselves to the dainties
  before them, and the room was illuminated throughout by a
  profusion of delicate wax candles, which cast a light as of broad
  day over the apartment, it would not have been easy for any
  eye, however accustomed to look on splendour, not to have been
  delighted, in no common manner, with the elegance of the classic
  and civic scene now exhibited in the dining-parlour of the first
  inn in Oxford.

  "The accompaniments, indeed, fell short of that splendour which
  they would have had in the Egyptian Hall of the Mansion House in
  London, but still the general effect was peculiarly striking; and
  when the rank of the company is considered, may with truth be
  called brilliant!

  "The conversation naturally assumed that tone best qualified for
  the discovery of those talents and learning, of which the evening
  had drawn together so select and bright a constellation.

  "After dinner, as soon as the health of the King, the welfare of
  the Church, the prosperity of the University and City, and other
  toasts of loyalty, literature, and religion, had been honoured,
  the Lord Mayor proposed the health of the Vice-Chancellor of
  Oxford. This was followed by toasts to the health of the other
  Heads of Houses, the Professors, and Proctors; the Worshipful
  the Mayor and other Magistrates of Oxford, and the Right Hon.
  the Lord Mayor of London; each toast giving rise to such
  acknowledgments as the individuals, to whom they referred,
  considered appropriate and adequate. The health of the Lady
  Mayoress, and the other ladies of the company, was proposed by
  one of the Heads of the Houses; the toast was hailed with warm
  demonstrations of respect, and the honour was acknowledged with
  considerable point and taste by Mr. Lockhart, the Member, at her
  Ladyship's request.

  "The Ladies, who, to the great gratification of the Company, had
  sat longer than is usual at most tables, at length obeyed the
  signal of the Lady Mayoress, and retired to the drawing room,

                        'With grace,
      Which won who saw, to wish their stay.'

  "The conversation was, however, in no degree changed in their
  absence. The Lady Mayoress and her fair friends had taken
  their share in it with much good sense and delicacy; and their
  departure, so far from being succeeded by that obstreperous and
  vulgar merriment, or anything like that gross profligacy of
  conversation, which indicates rejoicing at being emancipated
  from the restraint of female presence, only gave occasion to
  the Magistrates of Oxford to express their wish, that, in the
  invitations to their Corporation dinners, arrangements could be
  made that would include the ladies."

After such a dinner and such an evening, it may easily be imagined
that Lord Wenables and his Court slept like tops--not but that his
Lordship had "requested his friends not to devote too many hours to
repose." In obedience to a wish, which when breathed by a Lord Mayor
becomes a command, everybody was up and busy "while the morning was
early:" the yeoman of his Lordship's household, half covered with an
awning, was occupied with the cook, who was busied on this lovely
day in making a fire to boil the tea-kettle, in a grate in the bow of
the boat.

  "About seven o'clock," says the reverend historian, "signals of
  the approach of his Lordship's party were descried and heard.
  The populace, thickly stationed on the road through which the
  carriages were to pass, caught up the acclamation; and announced
  to all who thronged the margin of the river, that----the Lord
  Mayor was coming! His Lordship and the Lady Mayoress alighted
  from the carriage at the bridge, and walked through the
  respectful crowd, which divided to give them passage; and were at
  once conveyed to the state barge----in the Water Bailiff's boat!"

The shouts of delight which rent the air were music to the ears of
greatness--it was quite a genial morning, and one of those days "when
we seem to draw in delight with the very air we breathe, and to feel
happy we can scarcely tell why." So writes the reverend author, with
more taste than judgment; for a man, placed as he was in the society
of Lord Wenables and his Court, not to know why he felt happy, shows,
we fear, a want of perception equally lamentable with the want of
tact displayed in confessing it.

The reverend author laments that the eagerness of the party to
do honour to the delicacies of the Lord Mayor's breakfast-table,
prevented their seeing the beauties of Nuneham.

At ten o'clock they made Abingdon--and at Clifton the water shoaled
suddenly from eighteen inches to fourteen and a half, so that his
Lordship's yacht, which drew nearly two feet, could be drawn no
farther, and they remained hard and fast till a fresh supply of the
element could be procured.

The following passage is in the author's happiest style:--

  "The crowds of people--men, women, and children--who had
  accompanied the barge from Oxford, were continually succeeded by
  fresh reinforcements from every town and village that is skirted
  by the river. Distant shouts of acclamation perpetually re-echoed
  from field to field, as the various rustic parties, with their
  fresh and blooming faces, were seen hurrying forth from their
  cottages and gardens; climbing trees, struggling through copses,
  and traversing thickets, to make their shortest way to the
  water-side. Handfuls of halfpence were scattered to the children
  as they kept pace in running along the banks with the City Barge;
  and Mr. Alderman Atkins, who assisted the Lord Mayor in the
  distribution, seemed to enter with more than common pleasure into
  the enjoyment of the little children. It was gratifying to see
  the absence of selfish feeling manifested by some of the elder
  boys, who, forgetful of themselves, collected for the younger

It will be remembered that the voyage now under detail was undertaken
in the dreadful year of panic--but we confess we had no idea of
the desperate state of affairs in the country which could induce
so severe a run on the banks for a few halfpence, such as is here
described. It may not be uninteresting to trace the source of the
Lord Wenables's munificence. The halfpence in question were those
which we mentioned his Lordship to have taken in change at the
turnpike-gates during his Lordship's over-land journey to Oxford, and
were now distributed with that liberality and grace for which his
Lordship and Mr. Alderman Atkins will never cease to be remembered.
The reverend writer, indeed, says:--

  "There is, unquestionably, something genuine and affectionate
  in the cheerfulness of the common people, when it springs from
  the bounty and familiarity of those above them: the warm glow of
  gratitude spreads over their mirth; and a kind word or look, or
  a little pleasantry, frankly said or done--and which calls in no
  degree for any sacrifice of personal dignity--always gladdens the
  heart of a dependant a thousand times more than oil and wine. It
  is wonderful, too, how much life and joy even one intelligent and
  good-humoured member of a pleasure-party will diffuse around him.
  The fountain of indwelling light, which animates his own bosom,
  overflows to others; and every thing around quickly freshens into

It is, we fear, too evident that this passage comes direct from the
reverend writer's heart: it seems clear to the meanest capacity, that
he speaks from experience--perhaps of himself--when he expresses the
delight which _even one_ intelligent person can convey to a party. It
is quite clear, that in the party now assembled there either was no
intelligent person, or only one--at least, the observation of the
author leaves little room to doubt the disagreeable fact.

At page 80, the following account of the natives of Caversham and
the neighbouring districts is given, which is at once romantic and

  "Among the equestrians, two are deserving that their looks and
  equipments should be alluded to in more than general terms.
  The animals they bestrode were a couple of broken-down ponies,
  gaunt and rusty, who had possibly once seen better days. The
  men themselves were not unsuitable figures for such a pair of
  steeds. They rode with short stirrups, that brought their knees
  almost under cover of the shaggy mane that overspread the ewe
  necks of the poor creatures; and carried their short thick sticks
  perpendicularly in their hands. Such was the appearance of these
  country wights as they shambled along the road that gave them
  so good a view of the City State Barge. And so mightily pleased
  was the Lord Mayor with their uncouth and ludicrous appearance,
  that he hailed one of them, and asked him to be the bearer of a
  message to Reading, touching his Lordship's carriage. The fellow
  seemed to feel as he never felt before! An honour was about to be
  conferred upon him alone--to be the _avant-courrier_ of the Lord
  Mayor of London!--above and beyond all other riders, drivers, and
  walkers of whatever quality and degree, who had thronged to the
  view of the civic party. And no sooner had his Lordship flung him
  a piece of money, and told him to 'make haste to the Bear Inn,
  Reading, and order the Lord Mayor's carriage to meet the barge
  at Caversham Bridge,' than the fellow instantly belaboured the
  starveling ribs of the poor animal that carried him, with kicks
  and cudgel; who, in a moment, dashed briskly forward, snuffling
  and snorting across the fields. In the eagerness of his flight,
  the doughty messenger had much ado to maintain his seat: he
  sometimes slipped on one side of the saddle, and sometimes on the
  other; while the skirts of his unbuttoned coat fluttered out far
  behind him. He executed his commission, however, with fidelity
  equalled only by the dispatch which he had used; for when the
  barge arrived at Caversham Bridge, the carriage was waiting the
  Lord Mayor's arrival. Other carriages were also in attendance.
  It was now nearly nine o'clock; and as the evening shadows were
  beginning to shroud the surrounding scenery, the Lady Mayoress,
  and the other ladies of the party, except the Misses Atkins,
  fearful of too long exposure to the night air, landed at the
  bridge, amidst the firing of guns and other demonstrations of
  respectful salutation, and proceeded in their carriages to

That a Lord Mayor should devote much time to Reading, Mr. Rogers
would declare highly improbable--but his Lordship and party partook
of a sumptuous supper and went to bed. That we cannot devote much
more space to Lord Wenables is equally mortifying--suffice it to
say, that on the following day, after a hearty breakfast, an eleven
o'clock snack, and a one o'clock luncheon, Lord Wenables and his
court partook of a cold collation at Cliefden, at which were present
Mrs. Fromow and her son, Broom Witts, Esq.; the Mayors of Maidenhead,
Windsor, and Reading, the brothers and sisters of Lord Wenables, and
sixty or seventy other persons.

  "The gardens and grounds were thronged with spectators, either
  strolling about or seated on the grass; and on the opposite
  banks, several tents were erected for general convenience; around
  which the children shouted and threw up their hats!"

What particular occurrences excited the mirth and activity of the
children round this particular spot, the reverend gentleman omits to
mention; the following, however, must not be overlooked:--

  "The increasing pressure of the surrounding people now rendered
  the adoption of some plan necessary by which their curiosity
  could be better gratified. Arrangements were accordingly made
  to admit the female part of the spectators, in small successive
  parties, to walk round the tables as the company were seated
  at dinner; and it was curious to see how many eager eyes were
  strained, and fingers pointed, to distinguish the individuals of
  the party. But it was something more than a mere idle feeling of
  curiosity that prompted this anxiety in the honest peasantry to
  see the Lord Mayor of London."

It seems, in fact, that Lord Wenables was born in those parts,
so that his anxiety about the source of the Thames was in fact
instinctive and intuitive, and as natural as it was laudable.

The next thirty or forty pages of the work consist of a character
of his late Majesty, an account of Mr. Wenables's paper-mill, and a
description of the royal Castle at Windsor, copied, we presume, from
the Guide to that building, which has been long since published for
the benefit of Lions, at the small charge of sixpence.

The details of breaking a bottle over the stone at Staines we
cannot give, although the anxiety of Lord Wenables to discover the
London water-mark appears to have been professionally natural.
At Richmond the barge remained--like the great Lord's stock in
trade--_stationary_, and his Lordship's fine foaming horses having
been delighted once more with the sight of his Lordship, dashed
from Richmond to the Mansion House with a celerity which, although
somewhat inconsistent with "true dignity," brought the illustrious
personage, his wife, his chaplain, and his sword-bearer, to the end
of the Poultry in "no time;" having safely achieved an adventure
which will hand down to posterity the great names of Wenables and
Fromow, and the unrivalled powers of an historian, who (though
modesty may induce him to keep himself snug) will live in his works
till time shall be no more.


The editor of these memoirs, anxious to do justice to Mr. Firkins's
feelings, and to Mr. Gurney's accuracy in recording them, considers
that he cannot do more for the establishment of the sincerity of
one party, and the correctness of the other, than may be done by
submitting a few extracts from an authentic work, published many
years subsequent to the period to which Mr. Gurney refers, giving an
account of the journey of Lord Mayor Wenables to Oxford, written and
published at the desire of his lordship, and his companions in that
enterprise, by his lordship's chaplain. As the romance of real life
is said to be infinitely more romantic than that of fiction, so the
details of dignity, splendour, and magnificence, ably and carefully
written by the rev. gentleman, by which the expedition of Alderman
Wenables was distinguished, very much transcend the description given
by our respected acquaintance Firkins, to my much-regretted friend
Gurney. The extracts must be brief--but I am convinced they will be
highly satisfactory.

The first quotation I shall make from the reverend author's book, is
the description of the departure of the Lord Mayor from the Mansion
House. It is headed "Tuesday," and begins at page 11:--

  "On the morning of the 25th (July), the lord mayor accompanied by
  the lady mayoress, and attended by the chaplain, left the Mansion
  House soon after eight o'clock.

  "The _private state_ carriage" (I ought to observe, the italics
  are mine) "had driven to the door at half-past seven" (which, by
  the way, as an act of volition upon the part of the private state
  coach, was extremely attentive). "The coachman's countenance
  was reserved and thoughtful; indicating full consciousness
  of the test by which his equestrian skill would this day be
  tried, in having the undivided charge of four high spirited and
  stately horses, a circumstance somewhat unusual: for in the lord
  mayor's carriage, a postilion usually guides the first pair
  of horses,"--_i.e._ the postilion in the carriage guides the
  leaders, which are the farthest removed from it.

  "These fine animals," says the reverend author, "were in
  admirable condition for the journey--having been allowed a
  previous day of unbroken rest; they were quite impatient of
  delay, and chafed and champed exceedingly on the bits, by which
  their impetuosity was restrained.

  "The murmur of expectation, which had lasted for more than half
  an hour amongst the crowd who had gathered around the carriage,
  was at length hushed, by--the opening of the hall door. The
  lord mayor had been filling up this interval" (the door?) "with
  instructions to the _femme de ménage_ and other household
  officers who were to be left in residence, to attend with their
  wonted fidelity and diligence to their respective departments of
  service during his absence, and now appeared at the door. His
  lordship was accompanied by the lady mayoress, and followed by
  the chaplain.

  "As soon as the female attendant of the lady mayoress had taken
  her seat, dressed with becoming neatness, at the side of the
  well-looking coachman, the carriage drove away; not, however,
  with that violent and extreme rapidity which rather astounds than
  gratifies the beholders; but at that steady and majestic pace
  which is always an indication of real greatness."--P. 12.

The reverend gentleman describes this majestic progress through
London to Cranford Bridge; a powder-mill at Hounslow is blown up on
the way; but at Cranford Bridge, "just thirteen miles from London,"
the lord mayor staid only long enough to change horses--"for his
lordship intending to travel post from Cranford Bridge to Oxford, his
own fine horses were, after a proper interval of rest, to return to
town under the coachman's care."

  "These noble animals, however, seemed scarcely to need the rest
  which their master's"--job--"kindness now allotted them, for
  though they had drawn a somewhat heavy carriage a distance of
  nearly seventeen miles, yet they appeared as full of life as
  ever; arching their stately necks, and dashing in all directions
  the white foam from their mouths, as if they were displeased that
  they were to go no farther."--P. 16.

  "Just as the carriage was about to drive away" (more volition),
  "Mr. Alderman Magnay, accompanied by his lady and daughter,
  arrived in a post-chaise. After an interchange of salutations,
  the lady mayoress, observing that they must be somewhat crowded
  in the chaise, invited Miss Magnay to take the fourth seat, which
  had yet been vacant in the carriage; as the day was beginning
  to be warm, this courteous offer of her ladyship was readily

Here is a perfect justification of Firkins's regrets at his fall--the
unhappy trio, jammed in the _po chay_, had been the year before
in precisely the same elevated position which their illustrious
friends then occupied; and if the courteous lady mayoress the year
before that, had been screwed up with her husband and daughter in
a _po chay_ also, then Mrs. Magnay would have been the courteous
lady mayoress, to have relieved the Wenableses. I must, however,
think that the reverend gentleman's reason for Miss Magnay's ready
acceptance of the courteous offer does her an injustice. By his
account, she readily got out of the family jam, not because she duly
appreciated the grace and favour of the lady mayoress, but because
"the day was beginning to be warm."

The journey to Oxford was all safely completed, and after seventy-six
pages of matter, equally illustrative of Firkins's feelings, we come,
at p. 77, to this description of the rapture and delight of the
people of Oxfordshire, under the exciting circumstances of the lord
mayor's return down the river towards London:--

  "The crowds of people--men, women, and children--who had
  accompanied the barge from Oxford, were continually succeeded
  by fresh reinforcements from every town and village that is
  skirted by the river. Distant shouts and acclamations perpetually
  re-echoed from field to field, as the various rustic parties,
  with their fresh and blooming faces, were seen hurrying forth
  from their cottages and gardens, climbing trees, struggling
  through copses, and traversing thickets to make their shortest
  way to the water side. Handfuls of halfpence were scattered to
  the children as they kept pace with the city barge, and Mr.
  Alderman Atkins, who assisted the lord mayor in the distribution,
  seemed to enter with more than common pleasure into the enjoyment
  of the little children. It was gratifying to see the absence
  of selfish feeling manifested by some of the elder boys, who,
  forgetful of themselves, collected for the younger girls."--Pp.
  77, 78.

The last bit for which I have room, is of the more convincing and
powerfully descriptive cast, than anything I have yet advanced in
favour of my poor friend Gurney's estimation of Firkins's dismay at
his fall. The scene is near Caversham, where crowds of "spectators,
some on foot, some on horseback, and some in equipages of every
kind," were collected to see the barges pass.

  "Among the equestrians," says the author, "two are deserving
  that their looks and equipments should be alluded to in more
  than general terms. The animals they bestrode were a couple of
  broken-down ponies, gaunt and rusty, who had possibly once seen
  better days. The men themselves were not unsuitable figures
  to such a pair of steeds. They rode with short stirrups, that
  brought their knees almost under cover of the shaggy manes that
  overspread the ewe necks of the poor creatures; and carried
  their short thick sticks perpendicular in their hands."

This sounds like an account in one of the innumerable books of
travels in the interior of Africa, rather than a description of a
couple of natives of Berkshire, within five-and-thirty miles of Hyde
Park Corner; however, "so mightily pleased was the lord mayor with
their uncouth and ludicrous appearance, that he hailed one of them,
and asked him to be the bearer of a message to Reading, touching
his lordship's carriage. The fellow seemed to feel as he never felt
before. An honour was about to be conferred upon him alone, to be
the _avant courier_ of--'the Lord Mayor of London,' above and beyond
all the other riders, drivers, and walkers, of whatever quality and
degree, who had thronged in view of the civic party; and no sooner
had his lordship flung him a piece of money, and told him to 'make
haste to the Bear Inn at Reading, and order the lord mayor's carriage
to meet the barge at Caversham Bridge,' than the fellow instantly
belaboured the starveling ribs of the poor animal that carried him
with kicks and cudgel, who in a moment dashed briskly forward,
snuffling and snorting, across the fields. In the eagerness of his
flight, the doughty messenger had much ado to keep his seat; he
sometimes slipped on one side of the saddle, and sometimes on the
other, while the skirts of his unbuttoned coat fluttered far out
behind him."--Pp. 81, 82.

All this evidence from the pen of a worthy divine, will, I am sure,
convince the most sceptical reader of the fidelity with which my late
friend repeated the regrets and lamentations of our friends in Budge
Row, after their involuntary abdication. Every page of the account of
that memorable journey and voyage teems with gem-like illustrations
of a similar character; and I regret that my duty, as editor of the
Gurney Papers, does not permit me to draw more largely on its stores.



SIR,--I am not one of those who snarl at modern improvements, but
I admit my incapacity to find out the improvements, at which other
people snarl--I consider gas and steam to be two of the most odious
and abominable nuisances ever tolerated in a Christian country:
I only ask the best-natured critic--the most impartial judge in
Christendom--whether anything can smell more abominably than the
vapour which thousands of pounds are hourly spent to produce? If
ruining oil-men, and beggaring wax-chandlers, is sport, well and
good--in Heaven's name stew down the wholesome coals and make smoke,
and set fire to it: but don't call that an improvement.

I love the sight of a lamp-lighter--a "jolly Dick" in a greasy jacket
flaring his link along the pavement, rubbing against one's sleeve,
or besprinkling one's shirt with oil--I seldom see one of them now;
the race is superseded by a parcel of dandies, with dark lanthorns
in their hands, prowling about like so many Guy Fawkes's: up they
go, and without taking off the green lamp-tops and putting them on
their heads, as the jolly Dicks did, they open a door, turn a cock,
introduce their lanthorn--piff, paff, poff,--out comes the light, and
down goes the ladder--this is innovation, not improvement.

Then steam--what's the improvement of steam? There was an interest
in a short sea voyage when I was young--contrary winds--tides
against one--nature had fair play--but now Mr. This-thing or Mr.
T'other-thing makes a great copper pot, and fills it with water--more
coals; poking and stoking, and shovelling and raking--Nature is
thrown overboard; and the pacquet-boat, uninfluenced either by her
smiles or frowns, ploughs up the waves, and marches along, like
a couple of wandering water-mills. There is no interest in this,
sir--any fool can make a copper pot--any fool can fill a copper pot
with water--any fool can make a fire, and poke it, and make water
boil--there's no pleasure in this life when events are thus provided
for, and that, which had all the interest of doubt and difficulty, is
reduced to a certainty.

The same in land carriage--formerly, a stage coach journey was
an affair--a thing to be thought about--a man took leave of his
relations, left his home, in the expectation of never seeing his wife
again; then there was an interest, a pleasure in the speculation, and
a hope, and a fear, and a doubt, and something to keep the faculties
awake. Now, sir, if you want to go sixty or seventy miles, you have
hardly settled yourself comfortably in your corner, before you are
at your journey's end. Why, sir, before these jigamaree things were
invented, I have lived two-and-twenty days on board a Leith smack,
for three pounds three shillings, and enjoyed a pleasant five days'
excursion on the road to Plymouth; whereas at present I am whirled
from Edinburgh to London in forty hours, and taken from Piccadilly
to Dock--Devonport I mean--in about half that time. Now this, to my
mind, is no improvement.

Then, sir, look at London--look what the improvers have done--pulled
up the pavements, the pride of the land, and turned the streets into
roads. This Muckadamizing is no improvement. Puddles for purbecks is
a bad exchange--the granite grinding is no wonder--the rattle and
clatter of London is at an end. One might as well be at Slough or
Southall, or any of the environs, as be in the heart of the town.
They have taken away Swallow-street--scene of my youthful pleasures;
and, to crown all, they are pulling St. James's Park to pieces,
planting trees, and twisting the water. Why did not they leave the
canal straight, as the Serpentine is? Are we to come back to the days
of Duck Island, with a Whig governor for it? Why are the horses and
cows disturbed to make way for the people? I love to see horses and
cows happy. I like to see the barracks and hospitals. I don't want
to look at great big rows of high houses, filled with people who can
afford to live in them, while I cannot. This is no improvement.

Then for manners and customs: in my time we dined early and sat late,
and the jolliest part of our lives was that which we passed with
our legs under the mahogany. Now, we see no mahogany--we dine at
supper-time and the cloth stops and the wine never moves; away go our
women--no healths--no toasts--no gentleman to cover a lady--no good
wishes--nothing convivial--one anonymous half glass, sipped silently,
and the coffee is ready. Out we go, turned adrift at eleven, with
nothing on earth to do for the rest of the evening, unless one goes
to a Club, where, if a man asks for anything stronger than soda
water, he is looked at as a monster. Hock and Seltzer water, perhaps,
if it's hot weather--wimbly wambly stuff, enough to make a cat sick,
and after that, home. Why, in my time, sir, I should have laughed
at a fellow who flinched before his fourth bottle, or who submitted
to the degrading circumstance of finding his way to bed of his own
proper discretion. But those days are past--one thing I _do_ thank
the stars for--we are getting back to the tobacco--not indeed the
beautiful lily pipe, tipped rosily with sealing wax, and pure as the
driven snow, but a happy succedaneum--a cigar. I do love a cigar,
sir; it reminds me of the olden time, and I like the smell of my
clothes in the morning, which I congratulate myself none of our
modern improvements, as they are called, can ever eradicate.

Perhaps you have been lately in the Regent's Park--I will tell you
what is doing there--a Mr. Somebody--I forget his name, but it is
somehow connected in my mind upon Von Feinagle's principle with
a Christmas pie--Horner, by Jove, that's it--he has sunk twenty
thousand pounds, and raised a splendid building--a temple--a
pantheon--a feature in the town--and what do you think for?--to
exhibit a panorama of London from the top of St. Paul's, just within
a couple of miles of St. Paul's itself--but then we are to be saved
all the trouble--to be screwed up to the eminence without labour: to
my mind, the whole point of a fine prospect is the trouble of getting
to it--far-fetched and dear-bought are the great attractions, and all
the interest is destroyed if things are made too easy of attainment.
I don't like this plan.

The same struggle against nature seems to be going on everywhere--see
the theatres--even at that band-box the Adelphi--there was a
difficulty in getting in, and a difficulty in getting a seat when one
did get in; now it is all made easy and comfortable, and for what?
To see a schooner so like what any one can see any day in the river,
that it is no sight at all; like Lawrence's pictures--I hate that
President--his things are like life, the likenesses are identity,
and so like nature that there is no merit in the painting--I like a
little doubt--I love to show my quickness by guessing a portrait--the
interest is destroyed if there is no question about the thing--the
same with shooting--I used to hit my bird and miss my bird, and walk
and walk over the furrows, and climb over the hedges and ditches, and
bang away with a gun of my poor father's, which, when it did go off,
was not over-certain in its performance--I liked the pursuit--now,
with your Mantons and percussions, your Nocks without flints, and all
that sort of thing--wet or dry, off they go--slap bang, down tumbles
the bird for each barrel, and the thing is over--I never shoot now--a
thing reduced to a certainty loses all interest.

Before Palmer's time I used to keep up a constant correspondence
with a numerous circle of friends and acquaintance; there was no
certainty about the delivery of one's letters--mail carts were
robbed--post-boys were murdered--bags found in a pond all soaked
to rags; then, there was an interest in it; now, a letter never
miscarries; all like clockwork. I hate that Freeling--his activity
and vigilance have destroyed the interest. I haven't written to a
friend for the last fifteen years, nor should I write to you now,
only that I send my letter by a servant lad, who is a member of
an Intellectual Institution, and so stupid, that I think it is at
least ten to one that you ever receive it.--Perhaps you will just
acknowledge it, if it comes to hand--the expectation will, at least,
serve to keep up the interest.

  Yours truly,

  Baker Street, Oct. 17, 1828.


SIR,--I perceived the other day in your columns a letter from a
gentleman of the name of Brown, who, in the most cynical, sneering
manner, thought fit, unjustly as I think, to run down all our modern
improvements--I know you are impartial, and love to give upright
adversaries fair play in your paper; I differ with Mr. Brown, and
perhaps you will give me the opportunity of showing how and why.

In the first place, the ridicule, which not only he, but, I am
sorry to say, yourself and many others, think fit to cast upon
the advancement of learning, and which you have nick-named the
march of intellect, is entirely misplaced--you look at things
politically, because politicians of a peculiar class have adopted
the institution of societies, seminaries, and universities--this
is wrong--considering the matter thus, and associating men and
manners, you teach us to believe the march of intellect the "rogues'
march," to which all the well-disposed middling classes are to go
to destruction; but you should consider the matter differently; you
should recollect that almost all the political supporters of these
Mechanics' Institutes and London Universities have imbibed their
political principles merely because they have had little or no
education themselves, and that as for instilling pride or arrogance
into the minds of the lower and middling classes of the people, by
sending them to the London University, the very converse must be the
fact, because there is nothing that I see to be derived from the
institution at all likely to induce pride or self-satisfaction in any
of its members.

In the _Times_ of Tuesday, I perceive an advertisement from Mr.
Dufief, stating that nearly 300 members of a class in the London
Mechanics' Institute are learning French rapidly and critically.
This, I conceive, so far from being an absurdity, to be one of the
most beneficial events ever announced: consider what an improvement
it will be for the common run of people who frequent public places
of amusement, to find the lower order well grounded in French--in
that language they will, for elegance sake, carry on their future
conversations, and the ears of our wives and daughters be no longer
disgusted with the coarseness to which they are now subject--for you
are of course aware, that as the progress of learning exhibits itself
amongst the _canaille_, the aristocracy will abandon the ground
they assume, and our belles and beaux, in less than a dozen years,
will whisper their soft nonsense in Hebrew, Sanscrit, Cingalese, or

But Mr. Brown seems not only to find fault with mental improvement,
but also with mechanical and scientific discoveries--he sneers at
steam and growls at gas. I contend that the utility of constructing
a coach which shall go by hot water nearly as fast as two horses can
draw it, at a trifling additional expense, promises to be wonderfully
useful. We go too fast, sir, with horses--besides, horses eat oats,
and farmers live by selling oats; if, therefore, by inconveniencing
ourselves and occasionally risking our lives, we can, however
imperfectly, accomplish by steam what is now done by horses, we get
rid of the whole race of oat-sowers, oat-sellers, oat-eaters, and
oat-stealers, vulgarly called ostlers.

Gas too--what a splendid invention--we gain a magnificent
light, and ruin the oil-merchants, the whale-fisheries, and the
wax-chandlers--it is as economical as it is brilliant;--to be sure we
use more coals, but the coal-merchants are all worthy men, and never
take advantage of a frost to advance the price of their commodity;
coals are evidently, however, not so essentially necessary to the
poor as wax candles; therefore, even supposing the price of coals
to be raised, and their value enhanced, we light our streets more
splendidly, and our houses more economically.

Mr. Brown seems to dislike the over-brilliancy of the gas in the
public ways, as tending to destroy the legitimate distinction between
day and night. I admit this innovation--but let me beg to say, that
until gas was brought to the perfection it now is, for external
illumination, we never could see the unhappy women who are driven to
walk the streets at night, so plainly following their avocations,
or ever were indulged with the pleasing prospect of our watchmen
slumbering in their wooden sanctums, at the corners of the streets.

Mr. Brown appears to dislike Mr. Mac Adam's improvements; these I
defend upon several principles; one which I conceive to be extremely
important, is, the constant employment they afford to the sweepers
of crossings, without whose active exertions no man could ever pass
from one side of the street to the other; and another which I firmly
believe to be conducive to the improvement of the mind--I mean the
activity with which the eye, and the ear, and the understanding must
be constantly kept, in order that the individual walking may escape
being run over; superadded to which, there is the admirable manure
which the sweepings provide for the land.

In short, most of the objects of Mr. Brown's vituperation are objects
of my respect, and I take the liberty of writing this, in order
that he may, if he chooses, enter into a public disputation upon
the several points at issue; for which purpose, if he will direct
a letter to me under cover to you, I will appoint a time and place
where the merits and demerits of the present age may be temperately,
calmly, and dispassionately discussed between us.

  I am, Sir,
  Your obedient servant,


It would be vain, at this time of the world's age, to enter upon a
serious disquisition into the "art or mystery" of punning: it would
be useless to argue upon its utility, the genius and talent required
for carrying it on, or the pleasure or amusement derivable from it.
The fact is self-evident, that puns are an acknowledged ingredient of
the English language amongst the middling classes, and are, in their
societies, the very plums in the pudding of conversation.

It may be said that punning is a vice, and we are quite ready to
admit the charge; but still it exists and flourishes amongst dapper
clerks in public offices, hangers-on of the theatres; amongst very
young persons at the universities; in military messes amongst the
subalterns; in the City amongst apprentices; and, in some instances,
with old wits _razee_, who are driven to extravagant quibbles to
furnish their quota of entertainment to the society in which they are

A punster (that is, a regular hard-going thick and thin punster) is
the dullest and stupidest companion alive, if he could but be made to
think so. He sits gaping for an opportunity to jingle his nonsense
with whatever happens to be going on, and, catching at some detached
bit of a rational conversation, perverts its sense to his favourite
sound, so that, instead of anything like a continuous intellectual
intercourse, which one might hope to enjoy in pleasant society, one
is perpetually interrupted by his absurd distortions and unseasonable
ribaldry, as ill-timed and as ill-placed as songs in an opera sung by
persons in the depth of despair, or on the point of death.

Admitting, however, the viciousness, the felonious sinfulness of
punning, it is to be apprehended that the liberty of the pun is like
the liberty of the press, which, says the patriot, is like the air,
and if we have it not we cannot breathe. Therefore, seeing that it
is quite impossible to put down punning, the next best thing we
can do is to regulate it, in the way they regulate peccadilloes in
Paris, and teach men to commit punnery as Cæsar died and Frenchmen
dissipate--with decency.

The proverb says, "wits jump," so may punsters, and two bright
geniuses may hit upon the same idea at different periods quite
unconsciously. To avoid any unnecessary repetition or apparent
plagiarisms, therefore, by these coincidences, we venture to address
this paper to young beginners in the craft, to the rising generation
of witlings; and we are led to do this more particularly, from
feeling that the tyro in punning, as well as in everything else,
firmly believes that which he for the first time has heard or read,
to be as novel and entertaining to his older friends, who have heard
it or read it before he was born, as to himself, who never met with
it till the day upon which he so liberally and joyously retails it to
the first hearers he can fall in with.

For these reasons we propose, in order to save time and trouble, to
enumerate a few puns which, for the better regulation of jesting,
are positively prohibited in all decent societies where punnery is
practised; and first, since the great (indeed the only) merit of
a pun is its undoubted originality, its unequivocal novelty, its
extemporaneous construction and instantaneous explosion, all puns by
recurrence, all puns by repetition, and all puns by anticipation, are

Secondly, all words spelt differently, having a similar sound, which
are carefully collated and arranged in a catalogue prefixed, for the
use of little punnikins at schools, to Entick's small dictionary, of
whatever sort, kind, or nature they may be, are prohibited. Take for

  AUGUR      a soothsayer.
  AUGER      a carpenter's tool.
  ALL        every one.
  AWL        a shoemaker's gimblet.
  HAUL       (for the Cockneys) to pull.
  HALL       a vulgar proper name.
  BOAR       a male pig.
  BORE       Mr. Creevy.
  WAX        the produce of Bees.
  WHACKS     thumps on the head or body

and so on.

In the next place, all the following travelling puns are strictly

All allusions upon entering a town to the _pound_ and the
_stocks_--knowing a man by his gait and not liking his
_style_--calling a tall turnpike-keeper a colossus of _roads_--paying
the post-boys charges of _ways_ and means--seeing no _sign_ of an
_inn_--or, replying, "Sir, you are out," to your friend who says
he does--talking of a hedger having a _stake_ in the _bank_--all
allusions to _sun_ and _air_ to a new-married couple--all stuff about
village _belles_--calling the belfry _a court of a peal_--saying,
upon two carpenters putting up paling, that they are very peaceable
men to be _fencing in_ a field--all trash about "_manors_ make the
man," in the shooting season--and all such stuff about trees, after
this fashion--"that's a _pop'lar_ tree--I'll turn over a new _leaf_,
and make my _bough_," etc. etc.

Puns upon field sports, such as racing being a matter of
_course_--horses _starting_ without being shy--a good shot being fond
of his _but_ and his _barrel_--or saying that a man fishing deserves
a _rod_ for taking such a _line_; if he is sitting under a _bridge_
calling him an _arch_ fellow--or supposing him a nobleman because he
takes his place among the _piers_--or that he will _catch_ nothing
but cold, and no fish by _hook_ or by crook. All these are prohibited.

To talk of yellow pickles at dinner, and say the way to _Turn 'em
Green_ is through Hammersmith--all allusions to eating men, for
_Eton_ men, or _Staines_ on the table-cloth--or _Egg-ham_, are all
exploded--as are all stuff about _Maids_ and _Thornbacks_, and
_Plaice_--or saying to a lady who asks you to help her to the wing
of a chicken, that it is a mere matter of _a pinion_--all quibbles
about dressing _hare_ and cutting it--all stuff about a merry fellow
being given to _wine_--or upon helping yourself to say you have a
_platonic_ affection for roast beef--or when fried fish runs short,
singing to the mistress of the house, with Tom Moore,--

      "Your sole, though a very sweet sole, love,
        Will ne'er be sufficient for me,"

are entirely banished.

At the play-house never talk of being a _Pittite_ because you happen
not to be in the boxes--never observe what a _Kean_ eye one actor
has, or that another can never grow old because he must always be
_Young_--never talk of the uncertainty of _Mundane_ affairs in a
farce, or observe how _Terrybly_ well a man plays Mr. Simpson--banish
from your mind the possibility of saying the Covent Garden manager
has put his best _Foot_ forward, or that you should like to go to
_Chester_ for a day or two--or that you would give the world to
be tied to a _Tree_--or that Mr. _Make ready_ is a presentable
actor--all such stuff is interdicted.

In speaking of Parliament, forget Broom and Birch, Wood and Cole,
Scarlett and White, Lamb and the Leakes, the Hares and the Herons,
the Cootes and the Cruins--such jumbles will lead into great
difficulties, and invariably end, without infinite caution, in an
observation, that the conduct of that House is always regulated by
the best possible _Manners_.

There are some temptations very difficult to avoid--for instance,
last Saturday we saw gazetted, as a bankrupt, "Sir John Lade,
Cornhill, watchmaker!" Now this, we confess, was a provocation hard
of resistance--when one sees a _lad_ of sixty-four _set up_ only to
_break down_, and perceives that whatever he may do with _watches_,
he could not make a _case_ before the Insolvent Debtors' Court; and
moreover, since his taking to watchmaking arose from his having, in
the _spring_ of life, gone upon _tick_, and that the circumstance
may be considered as a _striking_ instance of a _bad wind-up_--we
admit that in the hands of a young beginner such a thing is quite
irresistible, but such temptations should be avoided as much as

We have not room to set down all the prohibited puns extant; but we
have just shown that the things which one hears, when one dines in
the City (where men eat peas with a two-pronged fork, and bet hats
with each other), as novelties, and the perfection of good fun, are
all flat, stale, and unprofitable to those who have lived a little
longer and seen a little more of the world, and have heard puns when
it was the fashion to commit them at the west end of the town.

These hints are thrown out for the particular use of some sprightly
persons, with whose facetiousness we have been of late extremely
pestered--we apologise to our rational readers for the insertion of
such stuff, even by way of surfeit to our quibbling patients.


My readers may know that to all the editions of Entick's Dictionary,
commonly used in schools, there is prefixed "A table of words that
are alike, or nearly alike, in sound, but different in spelling
and signification." It must be evident that this table is neither
more nor less than an early provocation to punning; the whole
mystery of which vain art consists in the use of words, the sound
and sense of which are at variance. In order, if possible, to check
any disposition to punning in youth, which may be fostered by this
manual, I have thrown together the following adaptation of Entick's
hints to young beginners, hoping thereby to afford a warning, and
exhibit a deformity to be avoided, rather than an example to be
followed; and at the same time showing the caution children should
observe in using words which have more than one meaning.

      "My little dears, who learn to read, pray early learn to shun
      That very silly thing indeed which people call a pun:
      Read Entick's rules, and 'twill be found how simple an offence
      It is, to make the self-same sound afford a double sense.

      "For instance, _ale_ may make you _ail_, your _aunt_ an _ant_ may
      You in a _vale_ may buy a _veil_, and _Bill_ may pay the _bill_.
      Or if to France your _bark_ you steer, at Dover, it may be,
      A _peer appears_ upon the _pier_, who, blind, still goes to _sea_.

      "Thus one might say, when to a treat good friends accept our
      'Tis _meet_ that men who _meet_ to eat should eat their _meat_ when
      Brawn on the board's no _bore_ indeed, although from _boar_ prepared;
      Nor can the _fowl_, on which we feed, _foul_ feeding be declared.

      "Thus _one_ ripe fruit may be a _pear_, and yet be _pared_ again,
      And still be _one_, which seemeth rare until we do explain.
      It therefore should be all your aim to speak with ample care:
      For who, however fond of game, would choose to swallow _hair_?

      "A fat man's _gait_ may make us smile, who has no _gate_ to close:
      The farmer sitting on his _style_ no _stylish_ person knows:
      Perfumers men of _scents_ must be; some _Scilly_ men are bright;
      A _brown_ man oft deep _read_ we see, a _black_ a wicked _wight_.

      "Most wealthy men good _manors_ have, however vulgar they;
      And actors still the harder slave, the oftener they _play_:
      So poets can't the _baize_ obtain, unless their tailors choose;
      While grooms and coachmen, not in vain, each evening seek the

      "The _dyer_ who by _dying_ lives, a _dire_ life maintains;
      The glazier, it is known, receives--his profits from his _panes_:
      By gardeners _thyme_ is _tied_, 'tis true, when spring is in its
      But _time_ or _tide_ won't wait for you, if you are _tied_ for

      "Then now you see, my little dears, the way to make a pun;
      A trick which you, through coming years, should sedulously shun.
      The fault admits of no defence; for wheresoe'er 'tis found,
      You sacrifice the _sound_ for _sense_: the sense is never _sound_.

      "So let your words and actions too, one single meaning prove,
      And, just in all you say or do, you'll gain esteem and love:
      In mirth and play no harm you'll know, when duty's task is done;
      But parents ne'er should let ye go un_pun_ish'd for a _pun_!"


The season of festivities is arrived--the balmy breath of Spring has
called the dormant vegetation into life--the flowers are bursting
from their buds, the blossoms hang on every tree--the birds sing
melodiously, and the sun shines brightly over the fresh foliage; in
consequence of the completion of which arrangements, everybody is
coming to London, in order to take the dust in the Parks, or pace the
burning pavement in the streets. Such is the order of things, and
shady groves and cooling grots are abandoned for drawing rooms at
ninety-six, and half-a-score sickly orange-trees tubbed on the top of
a staircase.

Thursday last was a fruitful day in the annals of our town. Lord
Dudley had a grand dinner--so had the Bishop of London--so had Lady
Sykes--so had Mrs. Bethel, and so had half a score of the leaders of
Ton. The Society for the Relief of Foreigners in Distress (to which
his Royal Highness Don Miguel borrowed fifty pounds of Lord Dudley to
subscribe) had their anniversary feast at the City of London Tavern;
and the Chimney Sweepers of the metropolis held theirs--contrast is
every thing--at the White Conduit House!

This last was amongst the most elegant affairs of the season--every
thing which could possibly have reference to the profession was
interdicted; black puddings and black strap were banished; and when
the amiable and excellent Mr. Duck, after doing what few Ducks
can do (we mean stuffing himself with sage and onions), called
attention to Non nobis Domine--sung, the newspapers say, "by some
professional vocalists"--the grace was received by the fraternity
with _sootable_ attention; that they did not exactly understand it,
Mr. Duck said was a misfortune, not a fault; but as he could almost
see from the windows the chimneys--(loud cries of Order interrupted
the speaker)--the roof, he meant, of that noble pile, the London
University, he did hope that before many years had gone over their
heads, he should find the younger branches of the profession to which
he had the honour to belong, bringing the dead languages to life, and
conversing _flue_-ntly--(Order, order!)--he meant easily, in Latin
and Greek."

"The immortal memory of Marshal Saxe and Sir Cloudesly Shovel," were
then given by Mr. Figgins, and were shortly followed by the health of
Mr. Brougham, who was expected to have favoured the party with his
presence, but he was unable to get away from the House of Commons.

Mr. Duck felt it necessary to rise, in order to endeavour to do away
with an impression which had got abroad, that the gentlemen of the
profession disliked the introduction of machines to supersede the
necessity of climbing-boys--he repelled the insinuation, although,
added the Honourable Gentleman, "if machines had been invented in
my time, I, perhaps, should not have had the honour of being here,
for I began at the bottom of the chimney and climbed my way to
the very top"--(loud cheers). "I dare say, gentlemen," said Mr.
Duck, "you have heard the story of the humane man who proposed to
supersede the necessity of climbing-boys by letting a goose down the
chimney by a string, which would, by the fluttering of its wings,
effectually clean the whole flue--the lady to whom he proposed this
plan replied that she thought it would be very cruel treatment of the
goose. 'Lord love your eyes, Ma'am,' said the professor, 'if so be
as you are particular about the goose, a couple of ducks will do as
well!'--and, gentlemen, I never hear that professional anecdote but
I think of myself when I was but a duckling, as I may say, and the
laudable ambition into which I climbed and climbed, and rose, as I
may say, like a phonix out of the hashes, until I reached my grand

Mr. Duck sat down amidst shouts of applause.

In the Old Times of yesterday we find the following report of some
part of the entertainment, which we were unfortunate enough to
miss--we take the liberty of borrowing it:

  "Mr. Watson said that he was present, a few evenings since,
  at a Lecture delivered by Dr. Birkbeck, on the utility of the
  machine to supersede the necessity of the climbing-boy. The
  Doctor, he admitted, argued candidly and fairly on the subject,
  and produced an improvement in Glass's machine, which was
  unquestionably the best invention of the kind; yet, with all
  its perfections, he (Mr. Watson) was convinced that it would
  never answer the expectations of those who entertained such a
  favourable opinion of its efficacy in cleansing chimnies. In
  the course of the lecture the Doctor said that the machine must
  succeed in all cases where it is used, if the prejudices of the
  master chimney-sweepers did not interfere with the trial. It was
  true that the machine so eloquently eulogized by the Doctor would
  answer in cleansing perpendicular chimnies, but where there were
  impediments from various causes, no machine, however pliable,
  would overcome them.

  "Several master chimney-sweepers addressed the chair in the
  course of the afternoon. One of them commenced 'I'm blowed,
  but if we had Dr. Bucbuck, or whatever you may call him, here
  at our dinner, I think we should soon make a conwert of him to
  our opinions. Gemmen, I say it is impossible that ere chimney
  (pointing to the chimney in the room) can be swept unless one
  of us goes up it; and I'll give you a proof of it now.' The
  speaker here began to doff his long coat, and would have run up
  the chimney in earnest, had he not been prevented by some of his
  brother tradesmen, who caught hold of him by the legs just as his
  body was about disappearing from the company. When he alighted
  on the floor, he said that he did not mind a fig getting a sooty
  shirt, so that he succeeded in showing the strangers present,
  how little danger was to be apprehended in doing the work as it
  should be done, and that was by encouraging climbing-boys. He had
  ascended upwards of 5,000 chimnies in his life, of all sorts and
  sizes, and never yet met with an accident."

"Archdeacon Pott and the Clargy of Middlesex," were then given.

Mr. Duck then rose and said, "Gentlemen--we all of us have known
what it is to climb; and as my honourable friend on the left says--I
may say I have been up five thousand chimnies, long and short,
and never failed in doing my duty to my employers--but what was it
repaid me for my toil--what was it that cheered me in my labour--the
sixpence as I got when I kimm'd down?--or the bread and cheese
the kitchen-maid would give me afore I went out?--No, sir; it was
not that--no--neither the one nor the other;--it was the smile of
ooman--lovely ooman, which rules us all;--in her favour there is
indeed a sweeping-clause; and I have the pleasure to tell you, that
there is a splendid assembly of the dear creechurs a waiting in the
next room, ready to trip it on their fantastic toeses--so, if you
please, gemmen, we'll wind up the arternoon, by drinking--'Success to
the brush and shovel all over the world'--and then join the fair."

To this proposal no possible objection could be made; and the doors
being thrown open, a most splendid collection of the dear creechurs
appeared ready for the quadrilles, which commenced about five. The
principal dancers were--

  MR. WATSON,            MISS HAWKINS,

The refreshments were of the first quality, and the whole day passed
off with the greatest hilarity.



Anno ----.


Several new Members took the oaths and their seats; amongst them we
observed the Hon. Member for the District of Field Lane and Saffron
Hill, whose entrance was greeted with huzzas, clapping of hands, and
other demonstrations of joy.


Mr. Snob rose and said as how he thought it were a great waste of
time to okipy the Ouse with a lot of praying--he thought that it
would be quite as well and ample sufficient that every member, on
entering the Ouse, should poke his face in his at and mutter a short
jackerlation, sich as was done in his parish church.--(Hear.)--He
never did no more when he was a churchwarden--(hear, hear)--and he
always found that it answered the purpose; and he gave notice that,
on Monday next, he intended to move that the present practice be done
away with--(cheers).

Mr. Ketch said he would sartinly second the motion whenever it came
before the Ouse.


The Chancellor of the Exchequer intimated that on the 22nd of
next month he should be prepared to submit his plan of Ways and
Means for the year. He could not then, with propriety, enter
into details--he would merely state that it was in contemplation
to repeal most of the existing taxes (cheers from all sides),
and this object would be easily attained by suspending for the
present the payment of the interest on the funded debt--(immense
cheering)--by the sale of several supernumerary ships of war,
and the materials of some of the dockyards.--(Hear, hear.)--He
anticipated also a considerable sum from the disposal of superfluous
military equipments, cannon, &c., which it would be the height of
folly to retain in these "piping times of peace;" it would follow
of course that very extensive reductions would take place in the
military establishments--(cheers)--_all_ pensions will forthwith be
abolished--(Long-continued cheering).--He laid particular stress
upon the word _all_, in order that there might be "no mistake"--(a
laugh)--and, although there might be an apparent hardship in some
few cases, yet his Majesty's ministers had wisely resolved not to
incur censure from any person or party by using even the semblance of
partiality.--(Cheering, which lasted several minutes.)

A Member, whose name we could not learn, rose, and in the exuberance
of his joy exclaimed, "Blow my wig if ever I heard such a speech in
all my life."--("Order! Order!")

The Speaker begged to remind the Hon. Gentleman that such expressions
were not _strictly_ in accordance with the dignity of the House.

The Member apologized for having been led away by his feelings, but
this he would say, that whoever should now venture to assert that His
Majesty's Ministers had any other than the benefit of their country
in view, told a thundering lie.--(Loud laughter.)

Mr. Gubbins said that he wholly and totally agreed with the G'elman
what spoke last--he thought that the thanks of the community and the
country at large are due to the Right Hon. G'elman (the Chanciller)
for his expozee; and in order that their ancestors might see--(a
laugh)--he begged pardon, their posteriors--(roars of laughter)--well
then, their children's children and them as comes arter them, might
see the estimation in which that House had held him, he would move
that its freedom be presented to him in a snuff-box of the value
of five sovs., and he would subscribe his bob.--(Cheers, and some

The Speaker interposed, and endeavoured to explain to the Hon. Member
that there was no such thing as freedom in that House, consequently
his motion could not be put.

Mr. Gubbins said he supposed it would be unreglar to argufy that pint
with the Right Hon. Speaker, he would therefore bow to the Cheer; he
would not however be done out of doing nothing, and with reference
to the place represented by the Right Hon. G'elman the Chanciller,
he would propose to bestow upon him the title of "The Bermondsey

(As _all_ our readers may not understand the point of this pun, we
should explain that in the Clink liberty, represented by the Right
Hon. G'elman the Game of Skittles is a favourite amusement, and some
of the Amateurs have a particular mode of delivering the Bowl, which
amongst the cognoscenti is termed "A Bermondsey Screw.")


Mr. Cobbett having given notice, that on Thursday next he should
bring forward his motion (postponed on a previous occasion) for
a Committee of that House being appointed, with instructions to
proceed to New South Wales, for the purpose of enquiring into the
Administration of Religion in that Colony,--

Mr. Lagg rose, apparently under great excitement, and said that
he could never consent that such a preposterous motion should be
entertained by that House even for a moment. Was the Honourable
Gentleman aware of the privations and hardships which the Members of
such a Committee would have to undergo? He thought not--for himself,
he would say, that he had been a resident in the neighbourhood
of Sidney during the greater part of Fourteen Years--(hear,
hear)--"and," said the Hon. Gentleman, with much emotion, "I will
never willingly consent to go there again, or recommend such a voyage
to any of my friends." He said he saw several Honourable Gentlemen
around him, whom he knew had been there as well as himself, and,
judging from his own feelings, he was quite assured they would bear
him out in his opposition.

Mr. Cobbett said, that under these circumstances he should ask leave
to withdraw his motion. (Leave given instanter.)


Petitions were presented from several parishes in the outskirts,
against the system of Police introduced by a late Administration.

Several Members having risen at the same time to recommend the
attention of the House to these petitions, and all asserting, with
much vociferation, their right of priority, the Speaker was obliged
to interpose and call on Mr. Bumpus.

Mr. Bumpus said he thought there could be but one opinion on the
subject of this system, and that was, the sooner it was abolished
the better--(hear, hear,)--he said that it required no oration to
shew its baneful and unconstitutional character; he thought he could
not better exemplify its true character than in using the words of a
very intelligent and interesting youth, the son of a tailor-chandler,
who was one of the officers of the parish in which he (Mr. Bumpus)
resided. "Addressing me" (said the Honourable Gentleman) "you must
understand, Gentlemen, this youth lisps very much, these were his
very words, says he, Thir, says he, it is a miltuthy thythtem to
thupport a arbituthy Government."--(Tumultuous cheering.)

During the Hon. Gentleman's speech much mirth was excited by the
waggery of one of the members whom the Hon. Gentleman had superseded.
At every pause, the Hon. Member exclaimed, "What a shocking bad hat!"
&c., &c.


On the motion of an Honourable Member a new writ was ordered for
the district of Golden-lane, in the room of Nicholas Briggs, Esq.,
deceased--(see our Execution Report of Thursday last). The same
Member also followed up his motion by a notice that previously to the
next Old Bailey Sessions he should move that the laws affecting life
in cases of burglary should be revised with a view to their repeal.


Mr. Pott said he had a motion to submit to the House, to which,
from previous communication with many Honourable Gentlemen, he did
not expect any opposition. Every Honourable Member, he was assured,
had already found the advantage arising from the privilege of
franking letters, and, he was quite certain, had often experienced
considerable annoyance from the very limited number to which they
were at present restricted--(Hear, hear)--as well as the great
bore of being obliged to write the whole direction. He could not
conceive for a moment why they should be limited to sending and
receiving in the whole, the paltry number of twenty-five letters each
day--(Hear)--and that the weight of each of such letters should be
restricted to a particle under an ounce. Some of the public officers,
and, be it observed, men virtually appointed by that House, were
privileged to send letters free of postage, without limitation as to
weight or number "and yet we, who, as I said before, appointed those
officers, are trammelled!--monstrous anomaly!" He would not attempt
to conceal that in bringing forward the motion he would presently
submit to the House, he thought it probable that its adoption might
be attended with individual benefit to some of the Members, and
himself amongst the rest--he would deal candidly with the House--he
fully expected it would--(Bravo!)--and he thought it but reasonable
that men who were obliged to sacrifice their time and their health
for the good of the country ought to have some ostensible means of
repaying themselves--(Hear, hear)--besides those bye-blows which
occasionally more or less occurred: _this_, he had every reason to
believe, would prove a positive benefit; and still better--it would
not depend on contingencies.--(Cheers.)--He would not further detain
the House, but would move, "That the law or rule of the House (he did
not care which it was) which at present allowed Members of Parliament
to send a limited number of letters free of postage, should
forthwith be rescinded, and that hereafter they should have the
privilege of sending as many as they may choose, without restriction
as to weight or number; and further, that it shall be sufficient
that members thus privileged should only be required to affix their
signatures to the address,"--(Much cheering.)

Mr. Bowditch said he should certainly oppose the motion, even though
he should stand alone. He, as principal officer of the Post-office,
had devoted the greater part of a long life in endeavouring to
perfect the details of the business of that establishment, and at the
same time to increase its productiveness, and he viewed with dismay
the attempt now about to be made to render his exertions a nullity;
independent of the loss which the revenue would sustain, the mail
coaches were even now almost insufficient to convey the bags, and
the increased weight and bulk which the measure now proposed would
give, would render the thing perfectly impracticable. He said he
would not venture to characterize the system at present practised
by many of the Members of that House in this particular, but when
he saw the immediate and eager use which certain newly-elected,
reforming, patriotic Members, made of this privilege for filthy
lucre--(groans)--he was filled with disgust.--(Great uproar.)
The Honourable Gentleman proceeded with much earnestness for a
considerable time, but the noise and confusion was such, that we
could only here and there catch a solitary word--we understood
him, however, to make some allusion to "pattern cards," "samples
of grocery," &c. but could not catch the context. Order being at
length restored, the Honourable Gentleman concluded by moving, as
an amendment, "That in future, Members of Parliament should only be
allowed to send five letters, and receive the same number each day,
free of postage, and that the weight of each of such letters should
not exceed half an ounce."--(Yells of disapprobation.)

Mr. Van said that the objection of the Honourable Secretary of
the Post-office was perfectly ridiculous, as regarded the probable
insufficiency of the mail coaches; he would ask, Would it not be an
easy matter to alter the system of coaches, and in their place adopt
that of steam conveyance? The number of railways with which the whole
country was now about to be intersected would render such alteration
a matter of the greatest ease, and one steam carriage would be able
to perform the work of a dozen mail coaches. (Hear, hear, hear.)

The Chancellor of the Exchequer was quite taken by surprise, and
said, that although he could not sanction the proposed measure, he
clearly saw that in the present temper of the House, opposition would
be fruitless; he could, however, have wished the hon. gentleman had
communicated his intentions to him before bringing his motion before
the House--the very lucrative situation of Receiver-General of the
Post-office Revenue had within these few days become vacant, and he
thought that had he been consulted, he could have placed this subject
in so feeling a point of view to the hon. gentleman, as might have
caused the present motion to have been withheld.

Mr. Pott rose immediately, and said he thought it very probable that
he had taken an erroneous view of the subject, and, with the leave
of the House, would withdraw his motion. (Cries of "No, no! divide,
divide!") The gallery was then cleared, and on a division the numbers

  For the amendment, 3; against it, 296--
  minority, 293.
  For the original motion, 296; against it, 3--
  majority, 293.

This announcement was received with loud cheers, and evidently to the
great discomposure of the hon. mover.

On our re-admission, symptoms of a desire to adjourn having
manifested themselves,

Mr. Spriggins rose and said that, although there was an evident
inclination to toddle, he could not allow the House to mizzle without
putting in his spoke. He would stick to the present Ministry like
bricks and mortar. The Chancellor of the Exchequer had proved himself
a reg'lar out-and-outer; he and his colleagues had shown they were
down as a hammer, and he had no doubt, in a short time, everything
would be right as a trivet.

The House rose at an early hour, it being understood that one of the
members had some heavy bets depending on a match of bumble-puppy, in
which he had backed his apprentice, and which came off that afternoon
in the neighbourhood of Bethnal Green.


There have recently been published several very edifying works upon
"Etiquette," and the mode of behaving well in company. As no book
touching the conduct of Club society has yet appeared, and this is
the season of the year at which those admirable institutions are
making weekly acquisitions in the shape of new members, we have
thought it might be neither superfluous nor disagreeable to give the
recently admitted candidates a few leading rules for their behaviour,
in the way of directions--Thus,

In the first place, find fault with everything, and bully the
waiters. What do you pay your subscriptions for, but to secure that
privilege? Abuse the Committee for mismanagement, until you get into
it yourself--then abuse everybody else.

Never shut the door of any room into which you may go, or out of
which you may come.

When the evening papers arrive, pounce upon three; keep one in your
hand reading, another under your arm, ready to relieve that; and sit
down upon a third. By this means you possess yourself of the opinions
of all parties, without being influenced by any one.

If you wish to dine early and cheap, order some cold meat just before
three o'clock--it will then be charged as luncheon; bread, pickles,
&c., gratis. Drink table-beer, because, as the Scotch gentleman said
of something very different, "It is vary pleasant, and costs nothing."

If you dine on the joint, get it first, and cut all the best parts
off, and help yourself to twice as much as you want, for fear you
should never see it again.

If you are inclined to read the newspaper when you have finished
your meat, make use of the cheese as a reading-desk; it is very
convenient, and, moreover, makes the paper smell of the cheese, and
the cheese taste of the paper.

If you come in, and see a man whom you know dining quietly by
himself, or two men dining sociably together, draw your chair to
their table and volunteer to join them. This they cannot well refuse,
although they may wish you at Old Scratch. Then call for the bill
of fare and order your dinner, which, as the others had half done
before your arrival, will not be served till they have quite finished
theirs. This will enable them to enjoy the gratification of seeing
you proceed through the whole of your meal, from soup to cheese
inclusive, while they are eating their fruit and sipping their wine.

If you drink tea, call for a "cup" of tea; when the waiter has
brought it, abuse him for its being too strong, and desire him to
fetch an empty cup and a small jug of boiling water; then divide the
tea into the two cups and fill up both with the water. By this method
you get two cups of tea for the price of one. N.B.--The milk and
sugar not charged for.

If you are a literary man, always write your books at the club--pen,
ink, and paper, gratis; a circumstance which of itself is likely to
make your productions profitable.

When there is a ballot, blackball everybody you do not happen to
know. If a candidate is not one of your own personal acquaintance, he
cannot be fit to come there.

If you are interested about a friend, post yourself directly in front
of his balloting box, and pester everybody, whether you know them or
not, to give him a vote; this, if pertinaciously adhered to, will
invariably settle his fate, one way or the other.

Always walk about the coffee-room with your hat on, to show your
own independence, and your respect for the numerous noblemen and
gentlemen who are sitting at dinner without theirs.

When you are alone in any of the rooms where writing materials are
deposited, help yourself to covers, note-paper, sealing-wax, and
black-lead pencils at discretion; they are as much yours as any other
member's, and as you contribute to pay for them, what difference can
it make whether you use them at the club or at home?

When you go away, if it is a wet night, and you are without a cloak
or great-coat, take the first that fits you; you can send it back
in the morning when it is fine: remember you do. This rule applies
equally to umbrellas.

Never pay your subscription till the very last day fixed by the
regulations; why should the trustees get the interest of your money
for two or three months? Besides, when strangers come in to see the
house, they will find your name over the fire-place, which will show
that you belong to the Club.

An observance of these general rules, with a little attention to a
few minor points, which it is scarcely possible to allude to more
particularly here, will render you a most agreeable member of the
Society to which you belong, and which it will be right to denounce
everywhere else as the most execrable hole in London, in which
you can get nothing fit either to eat or drink, but in which you,
yourself, nevertheless, breakfast, dine, and sup every day, when you
are not otherwise engaged.


  Sadrgov, April 3, 18--.

DEER RICHUD,--I receved yewer kind leather on Fryday, wich fond me in
good helth, but not spirts,--for sins yew went a whay i have encresed
my sise hand teers. Yew was kindust off the kind, and i cud have
wukked has kitching-mad frum marwn to nite if yew had note gon; but
sins yew want away iviry think sims to go rong. Muster Fishir, wich
is, ginrilly speking, has gemmunly a Cock as is, scalds me iviry day
for nott beasting the jints; hand Missus Stoak says I pays no manor
of respict to her for nott gitting their diners better dun, wich I
bleve, Richud, his owen to yewer habsence. If I thote all wot yew
sed was sinsear hand yew ment it, i wud give wharning hand go hat
my munt; but praps, deer Richud, yew whas only roging me, wich wud
be onkind and crule. Tommus Wite is halways laffing hat me about
yew, hand says I ham a grate fowl hif I wait for yew, for yew ment
nuthink, and says it is eye tim i was marred, wich he wood willinly
do imself; but I says, no, Tommus, i likes yew well enuff, but as
long has Richud Turner sticks to is bargin, i ham is, hand is aloan.

Wat i rites now for, his to hask yew wat yew wood lick me two do.
My muther, i know, cud meerly furnish a rome for hus, and pot in a
Tabbel and chares and a chest of drarers, hand a Bedd, wich is the
most hessensheal hof hall; hand wood be quite haggreable to the mach;
hand hif we cood bitter hourselfs buy aving a frunt where we cood
sell Hoysters hand srimps, hand red Earrings, and sich lick, hin
winter; hand Soddy wattur, hand Pop, hand them kind of harticles,
hin summer; i might tunn a peny wile yew wos hin playse, hif yew
Kontinewd hin survice, hand hif not, do togither in bisness; wich
wud save me from brileing my fayse hin the rosting hand beasting,
wich i most do till I leave, or get a cocks playse in a smal
famly. I know that Martha, the fot kitching-mad hat Sur Kristuffer
Kaddingtuns, kept cumpny halong with won of the futmun; hand she was
marred, hand they sot up a Tomhandjery shop, hand is reelizing a
furtun; but i shud object to a Tomhandjery shop because of the low
confersation wich gose hon hin sich playses, has well has the smel of
the Pips, wych makes me sike.


The envelope is addressed by Hook to his good friend Mr. Broderip,
the magistrate. The reader will observe the liberties taken with the
artist's design upon comparing it with a similar envelope in another
part of this work.]

Deer Richud, i ham wiling to do hany thing for yew, hand wuk day and
night upon my ands hand neese to make yew comfurtable, hand i think
we cud be very appy, but do not make a fowl hof me now, hand i will
truss yew half my life; hand my Muther his a woman well to doo, hand
wen it pleses Purvidence to tack her up hout of this wuld will leve
us sumthing for a raney day, which wud be a grate cumfut to me, appen
wen it may.

i pot this hin a buskett, hand have sent yew three fools and a small
Sammon cott this mawning, for yewer Sister Lizy, wich altho i never
seed hur i ham very fond hof from yewer subscription on her,--hif she
will haxcept the triffles i shal be plesed, hand my love; hand wen
yew are a heating the fools, do nott forget her wich sent them.

Hif yew lick, yew can call on muther, wich is the darey at the korner
of Jon street, and tawk maters over with hur. i am tird hof life down
here without yew. i hope yew will get this safe. I have got Tommus
Wite to rite the redress, not honely because he rites a good and, but
to show im thatt we hare frends.

do let me here from yew; and with true love and french-ship, in wich
yewer sister his inklewded, beleve me, deer Richud,

  Yewers internally,

i ave pade the Courage hand Bucking.

  (_Births, Deaths, and Marriages, 1839._)


The poetry of Mr. Minus could be compared to nothing but the dropping
of honey upon rose leaves, or the fluttering of moths round the smoke
of cinnamon;--it was so flippant, so sweet, and so trifling. He had a
round of set rhymes and ideas, which, like the man who walked out in
the morning in a dress of crimson and gold, because he had no other,
he perpetually was using; such as

      "Coral lips and rolling eyes,
      Roguish leers and heaving sighs,
      Lily bosoms, seeking kisses,
      Silent sighs for secret blisses;"

which species of versification having displayed _al fresco_ after
dinner in lines "To a Mole upon Fanny's left knee;" "A sonnet to half
a jasamine flower;" "An ode to the wing of a butterfly," and "An
Epithalamium on the marriage of two humming birds," (all of which
were written, sung, composed, and recited by himself) he obligingly
sat down to the piano-forte on their return, and gave the following
air with infinite effect:


      "Come, Fanny, I've raised a sweet bower,
        With roses and lilies entwin'd;
      Before it grows every flower,
        A bedroom I've built you behind.

      "Our couch is a cluster of roses,
        And while we lay lost in the sweet,
      The leaves will so tickle our noses,
        The thorns shall lie under our feet.

      "The sheets, both the lower and upper,
        Are made from a pair of bees' wings,
      Whose honey I've stole for your supper,
        And carved with their sharp-cutting stings.

      "To save us the trouble of thinking,
        In dew-drops I'll pledge you, my best,
      And when I am tired of drinking,
        I'll sink on your bosom to rest.

      "I'll study your taste to a tittle,
        In torrents our pleasures shall pour,
      For the girl once indulged with a _little_,
        Will very soon languish for _more_!"

This Mr. Minus considered a _chef-d'œuvre_, and if he was mistaken
there was such a softness, a condescension and pleasantry in his
manners, as would have excused a more serious error; as a companion,
he was delightful; as a man, honourable; and as a poet, fashionable.


In a late number[61] we somewhat unfeelingly (it is hinted by a
correspondent) doubted, and even sneered at, the universal topic, the
national distress, with which we are, it seems, overwhelmed; and when
any suggestions of our friends (backed by truth and reason) can be
attended to, we are always delighted to avail ourselves of them, and
recant our errors.

We have reconsidered the subject, and, during the last fortnight,
have visited the most diversified scenes of life, and we feel bound
to retract the "flippant doubts" (those are our communicant's words),
which we expressed as to the existence of general calamity, and are
ready to confess that we had no idea of its extent, particularly in
and about the metropolis.

The first object which tended to convert us from our original
prejudiced opinion on the subject, was the sight of that most
melancholy assemblage of people called "Epsom Races." Upwards of
fifty thousand of the most unhappy of our fellow-countrymen, victims
of tyranny and taxation, no longer ago than the week before last,
dragged their wretched limbs to this sad and deplorable spectacle;
and the vast sums of money taken from some of them, and the immense
quantity of provisions and liquor which the poorer part of the slaves
were compelled to devour, were unparalleled, we believe, on any
former similar occasion.

It made our hearts bleed to behold our excellent and free-born
tailor driving, with great labour and danger, a tandem, with two
blood-horses; and we nearly wept when we found that our bootmaker and
his unhappy family could only afford a barouche and four, hired for
the day.

But we had, also, an eye to the agricultural part of the question;
and we were struck with horror and amazement at the pale, emaciated,
and threadbare appearance of the broken-down farmers of Surrey,
Berks, and Bucks, who crawled out to the mournful scene upon their
starving ponies, for which some, in their despair for money, were
wild enough to ask seventy, eighty, and a hundred guineas each.

At the inns on the road, the expenses the tax-ridden slaves incurred
were abominable. A hatter in Bond Street was charged seventeen
shillings a bottle for champagne; and a wretched party of landholders
in the neighbourhood of Leatherhead, who have threatened to abandon
their farms, were driven by their grief to drink two dozen and four
bottles of that shameful imposition upon British credulity called
Chateau Margaux.

On our return from Epsom (having to cross the country) we passed
through Kingston. Woe, grief, and mendicity there had established
their tribunal. Petitions and remonstrances were all in array; and,
in order to give the mourning victims of that devoted parish an
opportunity of assembling occasionally to grieve in unison, some
sympathetic philanthropists in the vicinity have built a theatre or
circus, wherein a Miss Hengler endeavours nightly to solace their
incurable woes, by dancing on wires, balancing tobacco-pipes, and
swallowing live cockchafers. Such an expedient was never hit upon
at this distance from town, till the melancholy aspect of things in
general pointed out the absolute necessity of it in this wretched

During the week we thought we would go to some of the London
playhouses. We essayed Covent Garden. It was Miss Stephens' benefit:
"boxes full" stared us in the face; the pit, too, was crowded
with the more unfortunate classes of society; and upon inquiring
if we could make our way into the gallery, we were told that both
galleries had been crowded with squalid wretches, in a state of
actual starvation, who had spent their last five shillings each that
night in paying for admission, for oranges, apples and nuts, which,
as everybody knows, is not the sort of food the noble and free-born
Briton is accustomed to. We sighed and crossed the river, having
been refused admission at Mathews's, because the crowd of deplorable
beggars who had sought refuge in the Lyceum would admit of no

At Astley's, a house we thought remote from woe, we again applied.
"There's standing-room at the back of the boxes, sir," said a little
round-shouldered man in black, "but not a place in the pit or
gallery." "Good heavens!" we exclaimed, "and is there so general a
calamity pervading even the suburbs?" We turned into the road, where
we were stopped by a string of horsemen, and of gigs, carts, and
coaches, filled, inside and out, with the lowest and most unhappy
persons among the people, who had not chosen to assuage their
sorrows in the theatres, but had preferred to indulge their tender
sympathies in a fight, some twenty or thirty miles from town, to
which the circumstance of the times had induced them to transport
themselves at the nefarious expense, perhaps, of two or three pounds
each. But what made us shudder still more, was seeing that they were,
for the greatest part, in a state of intoxication, to which they had
no doubt been urged by the disastrous acts of that empty pretender to
politics, Pitt,--that weak man, Lord Londonderry,--or that misguided
bigot, Peel,--or some others of those who are, or have been, at the
helm of the State.

Having got clear of these, we crossed the bridge, and turned down
to the House of Commons: the doors were fast--no house. Tried at
the Lords: their lordships had adjourned at seven. "Ah!" said we,
"this is a new proof of the truth of our friend's suggestions: these
are noble and wealthy men; there is no distress here--no crowds--no
misery--no assemblage."

We were baffled in our attempt to get up the Haymarket, several
thousand unhappy persons having dressed themselves in diamonds, and
lace, and gold, and pearls, and feathers, and flounces, to weep
away the night, in the body of the Opera House. And at the Duke of
Devonshire's wall, we were obliged to abandon our hackney-coach,
into which we had stepped at the corner of St. James's Street, to
avoid the crowd of carriages, which had brought an innumerable host
of distressed families to his Grace's hospitable roof, in order that
their immediate necessities might be alleviated by some Italian
singing and _Ponche à la Romaine_.

Some of the females of these wretched groups we happened to
encounter, and a more truly pitiable sight we never saw; in the
middle of the night were they straggling out of the court-yard to
look for their carriages, with clothes hardly sufficient to cover
them from cold, or answer the purposes of common decency. To such
straits our women are driven by necessity.

Here our doctrine that even the highest were exempt from sorrow fell
to the ground, and we went to bed to dream of woe.

Pursuing, the next day, our course through the town, we dropped into
the Somerset House Exhibition, where there could not have been less
than two thousand of our unhappy fellow-creatures, who had paid, all
of them, one shilling, most of them two shillings, mewed up in close
hot rooms, with hardly space to move or breathe, and without the
smallest refreshment; nay, not even a crust of bread--not even a drop
of water to relieve them in their lamentable condition.

At Belzoni's Tomb the mourners were in myriads; at the Cosmorama
several wretched-looking people were endeavouring to pass their
lingering hours by peeping through little holes at coloured prints
stuck against a wall. At the Panorama--at the British Gallery, the
same horrid scenes were acting--the same deception was carrying
on; and at the Soho Bazaar it was quite moving to see the hundreds
of well-dressed suffering innocents who have been driven from the
best mercantile parts of the town to this secondary quarter, merely
because they are enabled, by this painful humiliation, to purchase
gauze, and coloured paper, and bugles, and knitting-needles, and
card-racks, and shuttlecocks, and fiz-gigs, and the other necessaries
of life, nearly one hundred per cent. cheaper there than anywhere
else in the metropolis.

We passed from the neutral ground of Soho Square into St. Giles's,
where we saw an Irishwoman, somewhat elevated with the private
consolation of the afternoon, thumping her husband about the head
with a shoulder of mutton, because he had bought it in preference
to a leg, which she wished for, while her four little starveling
children (who had neither beaver hats on their heads, nor red morocco
shoes to their feet), were playing with the motley tails of three
full-sized mackerel, upon which the famishing labourer had expended
a portion of his hard-earned wages, by way of supper, which the poor
creature had told his spouse he intended to take, that it might give
him an appetite for his next day's dinner.

Just above these, in a room, the windows of which were open, were
a set of unfortunate creatures, who had, in happier days, named
themselves the "Sons of Frolic;" these wretched persons were
suffering under the dreadful effects of civil dissension, which
always creeps in with domestic distress. That type of kings, the
parish beadle, had been sent for by the overbearing landlord, to
secure the most active of three of the members, who had just kicked
the waiter down stairs for having brought them up a corked bottle of
port wine. These distressed tradesmen, however, were so far imposed
upon as to be induced to make up the affair by a present of three
guineas to the waiter, and a pound to the beadle. Still, exclaimed
we, accumulation upon accumulation.

We found in all the dingy streets about those rural and unfrequented
parts of London, Bedford, Russell, Red Lion, Bloomsbury, Tavistock,
and Brunswick squares, the same congregation of carriages standing
(and lights were on the tables in the eating-rooms of the houses)
at different doors, which proved to us that the most respectable
families, at this period of distress, are driven to club together to
get food upon a principle of economy.

This remote passage led us towards Islington. At a melancholy place,
quite on the outskirts of the town, called White Conduit House, many
thousands of our fellow-mourners were congregated in the open fields;
night, too, was coming on, and the poor children were drinking milk
just as it came from the cow, while their parents, equally wretched,
but more experienced in sorrow, were swallowing the same succedaneum,
made into a mixture called syllabub.

At Sadler's Wells the grief was raving--we heard the lamentations
at the distance of half a mile--crowds filled even the lobbies; and
such is the pressure of national misfortune at the moment, that a
corn-factor was obliged the night we were there to give fourteen
shillings and sixpence, hackney-coach-hire, to get his poor shivering
wife and daughters to their miserable cottage _ornée_, with a
four-stall stable, conservatory, and coach-house in the Kent-road.

We rested in our researches from that evening pretty well till
Whitsuntide, and then, indeed, conviction took full possession of us.

To us who remember Greenwich park in the year 1792, what a
reverse!--then there were gaiety and sunshine, and fun and amusement.
In the first place, Whit-Sunday this year was a wet Sunday,--a
circumstance which, we are bold to say, never occurred before the
late Mr. Pitt's accession to office, and very rarely even during
his ruinous administration. The conduct of the "talents" in this
particular cannot be cited, as only one Whitsuntide occurred during
their splendid career.

Our readers may conceive the gloom this oppressive mismanagement,
and evident disregard for the comforts of the poor, threw over the
quondam scene of gaiety; the people surely might have been allowed to
meet, and weep in comfort in one of the Royal parks!

But if Sunday filled us with this feeling, what must Monday have
done, when nature interfering, to triumph over the tyrants, gave
the people a fine day? Then did we see them loading every sort of
vehicle, on the inner and outer sides, driving horses, and donkeys,
and ponies, and riding them with all their speed and energy, to reach
the once-loved spot they had known in former days, and grieve all
together at our deplorable state.

When arrived there, how did they conduct themselves? They threw
themselves into the most extravagant postures, rolling down hills,
and running up again, throwing sticks even at oranges and cakes, in
hopes of getting something to allay their hunger and thirst--some
indeed we saw, decent-looking persons, devouring with avidity fish,
called eels, who themselves (poor victims!) are driven to wallow
in mud for their food, and first skinned alive, are next cut to
pieces, and finally exterminated by the hands of cooks as men are by
ministers.--What a striking resemblance there is between an Eel and
an Englishman!

At Richmond sorrow put on her deepest sables--hundreds of devoted
persons were crammed into vessels, encouraged by Government as
packets at our outports, in which the danger of being scalded to
death, burnt alive, or blown to atoms, are added to all the other
little _désagréments_ of the deep.

Steam-boats are what they call improvements. They may be in this
age of redundant population: but what Government is there on earth,
except ours, who, for the chance of thinning an overstocked nation,
could have had the barbarity to allow these craft to ply on the seas
and the rivers, which must wound the feelings and invade the rights
of those established captains of colliers and owners of coal-barges,
who, for centuries before, used to make their voyages satisfactorily
to themselves, but whose pride is now destroyed, and whose vessels
are treated like petitioners when applying for relief to the great
and mighty. Away puffs the nobleman and the steamer, and all the
suffering coal-bargemen or the needy applicant gets for his manual
labour, is a sight of the stern of either, and a tremulous sensation,
caused by the swell of their passing power.

But to return to the more immediate effects of misrule. The commons
and heaths round the metropolis were sought out, to change the
wretched scene; and Blackheath, Hampstead-heath, Hornsey-wood, and
Norwood, were covered with flocks of the populace, who had quitted
their houses in despair, and in one-horse chaises.

They, and indeed all those particularly around London, seemed to join
in a determined manifestation of the crisis of affairs, which might,
if anything could, we should think, show Ministers the destruction,
to the brink of which they have brought desponding England. The same
threat, it is true, has been held out to all preceding Ministers
by sensible Reformers for the last century and a half; and they,
heartlessly and senselessly, have, without feeling, disbelieved
the cry; but when, to all the calamities of peace, are added
that curse of nations, plenty, the blow naturally received by an
increasing revenue, and a decreasing expenditure; and, above all, the
heartrending proofs of popular misery, which we have here selected;
we think the present administration, which has reduced us to this
debased, degraded, and unhappy state, will take warning in time. We
give them fair notice--we have done our duty in bringing the matter
before them--we shall say no more--if they are not wise enough to
take a hint, why "there's an end on't," and we give them up.


Dilworth's instructions to little boys and girls direct them "never
to be greedy, or swallow large pieces of meat, or eat hot pudding."
He, moreover, cautions them against many little improprieties
which shall be nameless; and concludes with this impressive
admonition--"never pick your nose in company."

We have not room for all the instructions in the Scots paper, which
occupy more than three columns; but we shall quote one or two, which
appear the most important.

"_Directions for going to a Levee._--Full suit, bag, sword--hair
powder is not held to be indispensable.

"Each individual will have two cards, one of which will be taken
care of by the pages in the ante-chamber, who will have the care of
the 'Court Record.' The stranger will then walk through the suite of
departments till he finds himself in that immediately joining the
presence chamber."

This, it will be perceived, is quite in the Dilworth style, excepting
that, instead of "not picking his nose," the pupil is here directed
to follow it; which, if he did, he would arrive at the room he
wanted, without such an elaborate description.

The account of the reception the stranger is to expect is not
prepossessing, although correct enough in point of fact:--

"The person on coming up to his Majesty drops one knee to the
King--the crowd being great he is immediately pushed forward."

This our readers will perceive (as it is expressed), must immediately
upset him at his Majesty's feet; and the great difficulty, instead of
not picking his nose, will be "not to break his nose in company." A
consolation is offered to the patient hereabouts, which is soothing

"He may pay his respects _en passant_ to any of the Cabinet Ministers
with whom he is acquainted."

A privilege not confined, we conclude, to the place or occasion.
The truth is, that when the patient is up and off his knees, he
may expect to be pushed forward. At least, we suppose, it is not
intended, as the _Star_ expresses it, that he is to be pushed forward
while on them, because a more inconvenient opportunity of changing
the form of presentation could not have been selected, than when so
many gentlemen are likely to appear in the Highland costume.

The mode of preventing a crowd at a Levee, which the _Star_ mentions,
is new and ingenious:--

"Every gentleman may appear in the dress of his regiment, but it
must be full dress, viz., a coat with skirts, etc.: any person may
easily see that unless some regulation of this sort were enforced,
the King's Levees would, on all occasions, be crowded to an extent
altogether destructive of comfort."

We do not see the force of this regulation, we confess.

Farther on we perceive this:--

"It is understood that Glengarry, Breadalbane, Huntley, and several
others, mean to attend the Levee 'with their tails on.'"

This, to a Southron, sounds very odd; and the omission of the
Duke of Hamilton's name, on such an occasion, would appear still
more strange, if we did not explain that it is a mere phrase, and
indicates the proposed attendance of dependants upon their chieftains.

We are fearful, however, that if these nobles bring their tails
with them, the regulation about wearing skirts will be rendered
unavailing, and that the skirts without tails, and the tails without
skirts, will have a good tough squeeze of it after all.

The directions for the conduct of the ladies, upon the present
occasion, are clearer and more defined:--

"Ladies are introduced to the King either by Ladies who have already
been at Court, or by the Lord in Waiting. The Lady drops her train
(about four yards in length) when she enters the circle of the
King. It is held up by the Lord in Waiting till she is close to his
Majesty. She curtsies. The King raises her up, and salutes her on
the cheek. She then retires, always facing the Sovereign till she
is beyond the circle. A considerable difficulty is presented to the
inexperienced by the necessity of retiring (without assistance)
backwards. The ladies must exert their skill to move their trains
quietly and neatly from behind them as they retire; and those who
have never worn such dresses should lose no time in beginning to
practise this. Most painful must the situation be of a young female
who is so unfortunate as to make a _faux-pas_ on such an occasion. It
was by no means so difficult when hoops were in fashion; but now that
these have been discarded there is nothing to assist in keeping the
train off the ground. The ladies cannot require to be informed that
they must all appear in Court plumes and fans. At least nine feathers
must be in each head-dress."

It will be observed, that the ladies are literally to come with their
tails on, as the gentlemen are metaphorically; and the instructions
how to "enter the circle of the King" are all plain enough; but
subsequently we are involved in a dilemma, from the fact that part
of the instructions appear to have been borrowed from a section of
Dilworth, which we should not have ventured to quote.

"A considerable difficulty is presented to the inexperienced by the
necessity (without assistance) of retiring backwards."

Now, retiring forwards, at any time, is a difficulty, and better
suited to the Irish than the Scottish Court; and therefore, as
all retiring must be going back, we are so dull as not to see why
"retiring backwards" (the very phrase used in Dilworth) has anything
to do with the "necessities" of the moment.

The ladies are warned, it will be perceived, when the necessity of
retiring backwards comes upon them, to "move their trains quietly
from behind them," and they are desired to practise this manœuvre.
This is careful and decent, and highly worthy of commendation, but
the caution which follows seems outrageous:--

"Most painful must be the situation of a young female who is so
unfortunate as to make a _faux-pas_ on such an occasion."

Dear heart! what could the _Star_ have been dreaming of?

We have heard, in private letters from Edinburgh, that the King's
visit has turned the heads of everybody in that city; and, therefore,
we think the _Star_ worthy of much praise for endeavouring to teach
them which way to turn their tails: a lesson which, we trust, will be
as profitable to them as it has been amusing to us.



In order to carry herself gracefully, and turn out her toes in after
times, the young pupil of the dancing-master is placed diurnally
upon a board, so contrived as to keep her delicate feet extended at
right angles with its sides; and, with her chest expanded, and her
head erect, the dear little creature is made to stand for a certain
period of every morning, Sundays excepted. This is all very well in
early youth, and the pains endured in those days are amply repaid by
the admiration she afterwards excites at Almack's by the gracefulness
of her air and manner, the carriage of her body, and the symmetry of
her figure. Wretched, indeed, would be the fair sufferer's case were
she doomed from her teens to her death to stand in the same little
stocks, and never enjoy the more liberal pleasures of her dancing
days. Such is the melancholy state of a considerate "saint,"--and
consider he must; for, if he considereth not, he sins. But to my

A gentleman, plain, pious, and excessively virtuous (such has ever
been our aversion from mentioning proper names, that we decline
saying who), resident, however, in a suburban villa, with a well-mown
lawn in front, and charmingly-clipped evergreens standing thereupon,
a bright-yellow gravel sweep to the door, a shining weathercock on
the coach-house, a large dog in the yard, an old peacock on a rail,
and a couple of enormous shells on either side of the entrance
steps,--a gentleman, we say, resident in such a house, having
descanted upon the horrors of slavery, lighted, last Tuesday evening,
his bedroom candle, and betook himself to rest, his exemplary partner
having preceded him thither after family prayers. To doubt the
quiescence of such a couple, to imagine that anything could ruffle
their serenity, or disturb their slumbers, would be to libel the
fraternity to which our excellent friend belongs.

In the morning the exemplary man arose; and the first thing he did
when he went down stairs, was to look into his hot-house, where he
carefully examined a specimen of sugar-cane which he had planted some
months previously, with a view to the cultivation of free sugar upon
Dartmoor. He then sat down to breakfast with his lady.

"Dear Rachel," said the exemplary man, "how excellent this free sugar
is. You get this, I presume, of William Heywood?"

"To be sure, my dear," replied the partner of his joys.

"It is gratifying to think," said the husband, "that no slave has
been flogged to produce this."

Saying which, the mild and humane gentleman dropped a lump of it
into a cup of chocolate, upon which excellent beverage, or the
slave-labour required to cultivate it, he made no observation.

"I have but one fault to find with free sugar," said the lady,

"Name it," said the saint.

"It is fourteen-pence a pound, my love," said his spouse, "and we can
get better anywhere else for ten-pence."

"That signifies little, my dear," said the saint, "provided we use
nothing that has cost the slave torture." And then he blew his
nose with a cotton pocket-handkerchief. "Confinement and slavery,"
continued the pious man, "are incompatible with humanity and
feeling." Saying which, he walked up to the cage which held his
lady's Jamaica parrot, and indulged the moping captive with a lump of
Heywood's "free and easy."

At this moment his dennett was announced, and, rising from his
bamboo-chair, he proceeded to leave ten guineas with his lady for a
charitable donation;--he put on his hat and gloves, and his amiable
partner having attended him to the door, as he stepped into the
vehicle, expressed her tender fears lest the slightness of the shafts
should endanger her exemplary husband's neck.

"They look very slight, dearest," said the "saint;" "but they are
perfectly secure, they are made of lance-wood!"

Consoled by this intelligence, she waved her lily hand, and our pious
friend went to attend a meeting of shareholders of the Anglo-Mexican
Mining Company, where he paid up his instalments, without taking the
precaution of considering what class of labourers must necessarily
be employed in working the mines. He proceeded thence to the sale of
East India produce, where he made several purchases, not troubling
himself to inquire how indigo flourished, or rice grew; and, meeting
on his way a director of the opulent Leadenhall monopoly, accepted an
invitation to dine with him at the City of London Tavern.

Here he of course found an excellent dinner spread upon a table of
mahogany; his chair was of the same material. He was helped to turtle
and ate it with a silver spoon. To gratify his palate he drank ever
and anon iced punch, sweetened he asked not how, and strengthened
with rum. Over his turbot he sprinkled Cayenne pepper, and flavoured
his cucumber with Chili vinegar. With a curry he called for hot
pickles, and having in the dessert refreshed himself with some
excellent preserved ginger, took a cup of coffee, and concluding with
a small glass of noyeau, stepped again into his dennett, and reached
his villa in safety, blessing the names of Buxton, Wilberforce, and
Macaulay, and receiving the tender compliments of his affectionate
wife upon the virtue of drinking nothing but free sugar.

And this is what five hundred persons do, under the guidance of the
Liverpool speculators, and the leaders of apes and asses in this
metropolis. Let us merely point out to such of our readers who like
the followers of cant, and will not take the trouble of thinking for
themselves, those inconsistencies which one day's adventures of our
pious "saint" develop.

Had he acted upon principle instead of policy, this exemplary old
body would have remembered that rum and coffee, as well as sugar,
are the produce of slave-labour,--that his morning's chocolate and
his afternoon's liqueur have the same origin; he would neither
have ventured to trust to his lance-wood springs, nor have dared
to blow his nose with his cotton handkerchief; neither would he
in the morning after his hearty dinner, have been prevailed upon
to take a little tamarind drink to cool his constitution, nor have
allowed his apothecary to suggest an exhibition of castor-oil
if his indigestion continued; but even if he had overcome these
scruples, how would he have summoned sufficient fortitude to put into
circulation his sovereigns and shillings, which, although our only
circulating medium, are furnished by the labour of slaves, chained
to their horrid work, lest they should risk the punishment of death
by endeavouring to escape the toil and climate to which they are

It is with the slavery question as it is with the over-refinement of
all other feelings,--it only requires to be looked into and analysed
to be detected in all its flagrant folly and absurdity. Had our pious
"free and easy" sugar friend followed up his own doctrine, he would
long before this have quitted his villa, disposed of his dennett,
and retired to some cave, where neither eating nor drinking, nor
furniture dyed with fustic and logwood, were required, and have shown
himself a sincere saint, an abjurer of all the good things of this
world, and a man of ten thousand; but until we see the whole life
of a man in the same keeping, and find him equally scrupulous upon
all points, and not exhibiting his piety only where his mercantile
prospects are implicated, we must beg to avow our opinion that
the "free and easy" sugar system at fourteen-pence per pound,
however profitable to the grocer, and gratifying to the East India
proprietor, is neither more nor less than a contemptible absurdity,
and a most unqualified humbug.


It would appear that the German publishers are before even our own in
the arts of the puff; at least we have not yet seen a "fashionable
novel" of the Burlington Street manufactory ushered into public life
with the trumpetings of a first-rate English author. This "celebrated
tour," as the advertisements style it, has, however, the advantage
of a preliminary flourish from no less a person than Meinherr von
Goethe, who, among other things, extols the tourist for the accuracy
of his descriptions of English scenery and society, particularly
"the hunting-parties and drinking-bouts, which succeed each other in
an unbroken series," and which "are made tolerable to us" (_i. e._
M. Goethe) "only because he can tolerate them." "The peculiarities
of English manners," continues the puff, "are drawn vividly and
distinctly, without exaggeration;" but how the sage of Weimar should
have fancied himself qualified to form so decided an opinion upon the
accuracy of his _protegé_, we do not presume exactly to understand;
inasmuch as we have reason to believe that he has suffered
eighty-three years of his youth to slip away without availing himself
of an opportunity of judging of our peculiarities from personal

  "Like other unprejudiced travellers of modern times, (he
  proceeds) our author is not very much enchanted with the English
  form of existence--his cordial and sincere admiration is often
  accompanied by unsparing censure.... He is by no means inclined
  to favour the faults and weaknesses of the English; and in
  these cases--(what cases?)--he has the greatest and best among
  them,--those whose reputation is universal,--on his side.

  "The great charm, however, which attaches us to his side,
  consists in the moral manifestations of his nature, which run
  through the book: his clear understanding, and simple natural
  manner, render him highly interesting. We are agreeably affected
  by the sight of a right-minded and kind-hearted man, who
  describes with charming frankness the conflict between will and
  accomplishment!" (What does the Patriarch mean?)

  "We represent him to ourselves as of dignified and prepossessing
  exterior. He knows how instantly to place himself on an equality
  with high and low, and to be welcome to all;--that he excites
  the attention of women is natural enough--he attracts and is
  attracted; but his experience of the world enables him to
  terminate any little _affaires du cœur_ without violence or

We shall presently enable the reader to judge for himself as to some
points of this eulogy. Meantime, we turn the leaf, and find a second
flourish from--the translator of these wonderful letters.

  "A rumour," says this cautious and disinterested critic, "has
  ascribed them to Prince Puckler-Muskau, a subject of Prussia,
  who is known to have travelled in England and Ireland about the
  period at which they were written. He has even been mentioned
  as the author in the Berlin newspapers: as, however, he has not
  thought fit to accept the authorship, we have no right to fix it
  upon him, though the voice of Germany has perhaps sufficiently
  established his claim to it. At all events, the Letters contain
  allusions to his rank which fully justify us in ascribing them to
  a German Prince."

After Goethe and the translator, or, in German phrase, oversetter,
comes the editor!--who, in the midst of some would-be-pathetic cant,
drops two bits of information, both entirely false; namely, that "the
letters, with very few and unimportant exceptions, were written at
the moment;" and, secondly, that "the author is dead!" The editor
adds that there actually exist four volumes of this correspondence,
but from "various circumstances, which cannot be explained, it has
been found necessary to publish the two last volumes first;"--the
pair, as yet unprinted, containing his highness's opinions and
illustrations of London society, as these, now before us, exhibit
the "manners and customs" of the provinces, and of Ireland.

As to the alleged demise of the author--Shakspeare mentions a certain
class of persons who "die many times before their deaths;" and
perhaps his highness may have thought it as well to feel his ground
with our provinces before venturing upon what he calls "the _grand
foyer_ of European aristocracy." However--unless the whole affair
is an impudent juggle--we are justified in fixing this performance
upon the Prince Puckler-Muskau; and we only wonder how any English
reviewer of the book could have hesitated about doing so, provided
he had read as far as page 284 of the first volume, where we find
our "German prince" at Limerick, in company with Mr. O'Connell, a
relation of the great agitator.

  "We quitted the church, and were proceeding to visit the rock
  near the Shannon, upon which the English signed the treaty after
  the battle of the Boyne--a treaty which they have not been
  remarkably scrupulous in observing. I remarked that we were
  followed by an immense crowd of people, which increased like
  an avalanche, and testified equal respect and enthusiasm. All
  on a sudden they shouted, 'Long life to Napoleon and Marshal
  ----.' 'Good God,' said I, 'for whom do the people take me? As
  a perfectly unpretending stranger I cannot in the least degree
  understand why they seem disposed to do me so much honour.' 'Was
  not your father the Prince of ----?' said O'Connell. 'Oh no,'
  replied I; 'my father was indeed a nobleman of rather an older
  date, but very far from being so celebrated.' 'You must forgive
  us then,' said O'Connell, incredulously; 'for, to tell you the
  truth, you are believed to be a natural son of Napoleon, whose
  partiality to your supposed mother was well known.' 'You joke,'
  said I, laughing: 'I am at least ten years too old to be the son
  of the great emperor and the beautiful princess.' He shook his
  head, however, and I reached my inn amid reiterated shouts. Here
  I shut myself up, and I shall not quit my retreat to-day. The
  people, however, patiently posted themselves under my windows,
  and did not disperse until it was nearly dark."

We make no apology for anticipating here the arrival of his highness
at Limerick, because, by showing in the outset the mistake that
Mr. O'Connell made between the titles of Prince de la Moscowa
and Prince Muskau, we establish at once the identity of Goethe's
"unprejudiced traveller," and a "right-minded" and "decorous"
terminater of _affaires de cœur_--of whom many of our readers have
had some personal knowledge--and whose imposing mustachios are still
fresh in our own recollection. The cold nights of November do not
more surely portend to the anxious sportsman in the country the
approach of woodcocks, than do the balmy zephyrs of May foretell the
arrival of illustrious foreigners in London; each succeeding season
brings its flock of princes, counts, and barons, who go the ordinary
round of dinners, assemblies, concerts and balls; yawn each of them
one night under the gallery of the House of Commons; one day take
their position on the bench at the Old Bailey; visit the Court of
Chancery; snatch a glimpse of the House of Peers; mount St. Paul's;
dive into the Tunnel; see Windsor; breakfast at Sandhurst; attend
a review on a wet morning in Hyde Park; dance at Almack's; try for
an heiress--fail; make a tour of the provinces; enjoy a battue in
Norfolk; sink into a coal-pit in Northumberland; admire grouse and
pibrochs in Scotland; fly along a rail-road; tread the plank of a
steam-packet, and so depart,--"and then are heard no more."

Such was this Prince Puckler-Muskau; and such were his qualifications
and opportunities for depicting that

  "strange insular life which" (according to the clear and
  consistent summary of M. Goethe) "is based in boundless
  wealth and civil freedom, in universal monotony and manifold
  diversity--formal and capricious, active and torpid, energetic
  and dull, comfortable and tedious, the envy and the derision of
  the world!"

His first letter, addressed, as all his letters are, to his "dear
Julia,"--(that is to say, no doubt, his highness's consort,
Princess Puckler, to his alliance with whom, we believe, he owed
his princeship)--is dated Cheltenham, July 12, 1828; and the first
observation which his highness is pleased to make upon his arrival at
that popular watering-place is one of a mixed character, political,
statistical, and philosophical, whence may be derived a tolerably
fair estimate of his highness's accuracy and knowledge of "things
in general." He is describing to his "dear Julia" the nature and
character of the distress amongst the lower orders in England, and
its causes and origin.

  "The distress," says his highness, "in truth, consisted in this:
  that the people, instead of having three or four meals a day,
  with tea, cold meat, bread and butter, beefsteaks, or roast meat,
  were now obliged to content themselves with two, consisting only
  of meat and potatoes. It was, however, just harvest time, and the
  want of labourers in the fields so great, that the farmers gave
  almost any wages. Nevertheless, I was assured that the mechanics
  would rather destroy all the machinery and actually starve,
  than bring themselves to take a sickle in their hands, or bind
  a sheaf, so intractable and obstinate are the English common
  people rendered by their universal comfort, and the certainty of
  obtaining employment if they vigorously seek it. From what I have
  now told you, you may imagine what deductions you ought to make
  from newspaper articles."

This valuable information is followed by an anecdote:--

  "Yesterday, '_entre le poire et le fromage_,'"--(at what period
  of a Cheltenham dinner that might be, his highness does not
  condescend to explain)--"I received the twice-declined visit of
  the master of the ceremonies, a gentleman who does the honour
  of the baths, and exercises a considerable authority over
  the company of an English watering-place, in virtue of which
  he welcomes strangers with most anti-English officiousness
  and pomposity, and manifests great care and zeal for their
  entertainment. An Englishman invested with such a character has
  _mauvais jeu_, and vividly recalls the ass in the fable, who
  tried to imitate the caresses of the lap-dog. I could not get
  rid of my visitor till he had swallowed some bottles of claret
  with me, and devoured all the dessert the house afforded. At
  length he took his leave, first extorting from me a promise
  that I would honour the ball of the following evening with my
  presence. However, I had so little inclination for company and
  new acquaintances, that I made _faux bond_, and left Cheltenham
  early in the morning."

Who the master of the ceremonies at Cheltenham, thus uncourteously
likened by his highness unto an ass, may be, we have not the
advantage of knowing; but certain it is that, however derogatory
such an office might at first sight appear, the characters and
profession of some of the individuals filling it prove that it is
not so considered; and it is, at all events, highly improbable that
a gentleman, paying an official visit to a foreign prince, would
force his society upon his illustrious host for a sufficient length
of time to drink several bottles of claret; and still more improbable
is it that any man--gentleman or not--could contrive to "devour all
the dessert the Plough at Cheltenham afforded," at a sitting. If,
however, the _arbiter elegantiarum_ of Cheltenham did really conduct
himself in the manner described, he followed the example of Hamlet
with the daggers,--he spoke of ceremony, but used none.

At page 14, we reach Llangollen, where his highness is pleased to
make an observation, which, coming from a prince, sounds strange.
He tells his Julia that "where he pays well, he is always the first
person!" "We represent him to ourselves (quoth Goethe) as of a
dignified appearance;" but the landlords and waiters seem to have
wanted such discrimination. He then informs us--

  "that his appetite, enormously sharpened by the mountain air,
  was most agreeably invited by the aspect of the smoking coffee,
  fresh guinea-fowls' eggs, deep yellow mountain butter, thick
  cream, 'toasted muffins' (a delicate sort of cake eaten hot with
  butter), and lastly, two red spotted trout just caught; all
  placed on a snow-white table-cloth of Irish damask;--a breakfast
  which Walter Scott's heroes in 'the highlands' might have been
  thankful to receive at the hands of that great painter of human
  necessities. '_Je dévore déjà un œuf._'--Adieu!"

It is laid down by Hannah, in "Hamilton's Bawn," that a captain of a

                      "has never a hand that is idle;
      For the right holds the sword, and the left holds the bridle;"

and we infer, from the animated account given by his highness of his
own activity, that he must have been either a dragoon or a hussar,
for, while with one hand he is describing to the sentimental Julia
the delights of his breakfast, he is, by his own showing, actually
eating an egg with the other.--His notion of being served with
guinea-fowls' eggs we presume to have arisen from the price which the
innkeeper charged for them, for although eggs are plenty in Wales,
princes are scarce; but what his highness means by describing Sir
Walter Scott as a great painter of human necessities, is quite beyond
us.--After breakfast, he impudently intrudes himself on Lady Eleanor
Butler and Miss Ponsonby, and quizzes them and their pretty cottage
in a style which, all the circumstances considered, one might almost
be tempted to call brutal. Those amiable spinsters are, however, no
more--and we may pass on.

By a reference to page 27, we find that his highness slept
"admirably," on the night of the 15th of August, at his inn in Wales,
where he describes himself sitting at the window, looking at the sea,
and the ships thereon. "On the landward"--whatever that means--he
says, "rises a castle of black marble, surrounded by ancient oaks."
And in this retirement he finds, "very unexpectedly,"--we should
think so,--a "thin" friend of his, with "magnificent calves,
elegantly dressed;" a gentleman who is "so good-natured and yet so
sarcastic, so English and yet so German," etc., etc.; and this so
delightful personage tells him a story, which, in order to fill up
a certain number of pages, his highness is good enough to repeat,
though it contains nothing worthy of notice, except an ill-natured
slap at the poor Duke of St. Albans, who treated him with every mark
of civility when he was in England.

His highness is tempted to visit the marble castle which he has seen
from his window, and is "remarkably well received there."

  "The bells of the various rooms," says his highness, "are
  suspended in a row on the wall, numbered, so that it is
  immediately seen in what room any one has rung; the sort of
  pendulum which is attached to each wire continues to vibrate for
  ten minutes after the sound has ceased, to remind the sluggish of
  their duty."

  "The females of the establishment," continues his highness, "have
  also a large common room, in which, when they have nothing else
  to do, they sew, knit, and spin; close to this is a closet for
  washing the glass and china, which comes within their province.
  Each of them, as well as of the man-servants, has her separate
  bed-chamber in the highest story. Only the housekeeper and the
  butler have distinct apartments below. Immediately adjoining
  that of the housekeeper, is a room where coffee is made, and
  the store-room, containing everything requisite for breakfast,
  which important meal, in England, belongs specially to her
  department.... Near the butler's room is his pantry, a spacious
  fire-proof room with closets on every side for the reception of
  the plate, which he cleans here, and the glass and china used at
  dinner, which must be delivered back into his custody as soon as
  it is washed by the women. All these arrangements are executed
  with the greatest punctuality. A locked staircase leads from the
  pantry into the beer and wine cellar, which is likewise under the
  butler's jurisdiction."

Of the cordiality of his highness's reception at the marble castle
we have no doubt; but he leaves us in the dark as to whether he had
been the guest of the housekeeper or the butler, though we confess
we rather incline to the former, not only because, according to his
guarantee, the author of the "Sorrows of Werter," he attracted women
and was attracted by them, because he refers, with something of a
regretful feeling, to the "locked staircase" of the wine-cellar:
had the butler been at home, there is every reason to hope that
his highness would not have found it closed against him, but, like
another Archer, would have been kindly welcomed by the Cambrian Scrub.

His highness next visits a slate-quarry, over which he tells us
it "took him a considerable time to take even a hasty glance." He
then gives us the average of casualties which happen annually, and
breaks off into a profane medley of nonsense, impiously entitled
"Reflections of a Pious Soul," upon which we decline commenting, lest
we should be compelled to extract even the smallest portion of it.

In his highness's account of Carnarvon Castle we are favoured
with an historical fact so interesting and so new withal, that
we must extract it bodily, from page 77; which page is moreover
ostentatiously headed, "Origin of the Prince of Wales's Motto."

  "On descending, my guide showed me the remains of a vaulted
  chamber, in which, according to tradition, Edward II., the first
  Prince of Wales, was born. The Welsh, in consequence of the
  oppressions of English governors in the earlier times of partial
  and momentary conquest, had declared to the king that they would
  obey none but a prince of their own nation. Edward therefore
  sent for his wife Eleanor in the depth of winter, that she might
  lie-in in Caernarvon Castle. She bore a prince; upon which the
  king summoned the nobles and chiefs of the land, and asked them
  solemnly whether they would submit to the rule of a prince who
  was born in Wales, and could not speak a word of English. On
  their giving a joyful and surprised assent, he presented to them
  his newborn son, exclaiming in broken Welsh, _Eich dyn!_ _i.e._,
  'This is your man!' which has been corrupted into the present
  motto of the English arms, _Ich Dien_."

It seems hardly worth while detailing the true history of this
motto, since every child knows it--yet to prove, on the spot, the
deplorable ignorance of this pretender, every child does know that
the distinguishing device of the Prince of Wales (having nothing
to do with the English arms), viz., the plume of three ostrich
feathers, with the motto Ich Dien, which, in Prince Puckler's own
mother-tongue, signifies 'I serve,' was assumed by Edward the
Second's grandson, the Black Prince, in memory of the death of John,
king of Bohemia, the lawful owner of the said device, in the battle
of Cressy. One might have expected a little heraldry at least from
the Château of Thonderdentronck.

Ten pages of stupid blasphemy bring us to page 88, where the
baser propensities of his mind give place to its overweening
passion--personal vanity. The hero of "moral manifestations" thus
confides to his dear princess the conquest he has made of a bar-maid
at Bangor:--

  "I had read thus far when the little Eliza appeared with my
  breakfast, and with an arch good-nature bid me good morning
  'after my long sleep.' She had just been to church, had all
  the consciousness of being well dressed, and was waiting upon
  a foreigner; three things which greatly incline women to be
  tender-hearted. She accordingly seemed almost embarrassed when
  I inquired about my departure early the following morning....
  After dinner I went, under her guidance, to visit the walks round
  the town. One of these is most romantically placed on a large
  rock. We saw from hence Snowdon, in almost transparent clearness,
  undimmed by a single cloud.... After this pastoral walk, tender
  mutton closed the day."

Who is not inclined to exclaim with the Welsh, according to his
highness's version, "Eich dyn!" This is your man!

Skipping some more blasphemies, we find ourselves at Kennell Park,
the seat of Colonel Hughes.

  "Towards evening," says his highness, "I arrived at the house of
  my worthy colonel--a true Englishman in the best sense of the
  word" (from being a Welshman, we presume). "He and his amiable
  family received me in the friendliest manner. Country gentlemen
  of his class, who are in easy circumstances, (with us they would
  be thought rich,) and fill a respectable station in society; who
  are not eager and anxious pursuers of fashion in London, but
  seek to win the affection of their neighbours and tenants; whose
  hospitality is not mere ostentation; whose manners are neither
  'exclusive' nor outlandish, but who find their dignity in a
  domestic life polished by education and adorned by affluence,
  and in the observance of the strictest integrity; such form the
  most truly respectable class of Englishmen. In the great world
  of London, indeed, they play an obscure part; but on the wide
  stage of humanity, one of the most noble and elevated that can
  be allotted to man. Unfortunately, however, the predominance and
  the arrogance of the English aristocracy is so great, and that
  of fashion yet so much more absolute and tyrannous, that such
  families, if my tribute of praise and admiration were ever to
  fall under their eye, would probably feel less flattered by it,
  than they would be if I enumerated them among the leaders of
  _ton_."--Pp. 137, 138.

Little did his highness think that a few short months only would
elapse before the brow of his "worthy colonel, filling a respectable
station in society," would be encircled with a baronial coronet;
little did he imagine that his "country gentleman," who "played an
obscure part" in London, was so soon to be converted into one of
the "leaders of _ton_," from amongst whom he had so flatteringly
excluded him; little did he think that his hospitable friend was
destined so soon to adorn the British peerage as Lord Dinorben.

On the 5th of August he walked, while all the rest of the family were
yet in bed, "with the charming little Fanny, the youngest daughter of
the house, who is not yet out."--"She took me," says his highness,
"round the park and garden, and showed me her dairy and aviary."
His highness then describes the dairy, which, we presume, from a
laudable desire of the "worthy colonel" to bring the article into
fashion, is surrounded with lumps of copper, forming "a gorgeous bed
for rare and curious plants." His highness enumerates the comforts
of the colonel's cocks and hens, and the ducks and the pigeons--he
feels at the sight thereof a fit of "pastoral sensibility" come over
him, and "turns homewards to get rid of his fit of romance before
breakfast:"--"Miss Fanny," he adds, "exclaimed, with true English

      'We do but row,
      And we are steered by fate.'"

"Yes, indeed, thought I," says the prince, "the little philosopher
is right--things always turn out differently from what one intends,
even in such small events as these." What "the little philosopher"
meant by her pathetic exclamation, we cannot, of course, divine;
nor what his highness alludes to as an event; but the story, as his
highness has here printed and published it, may serve as a caution
to Lord Dinorben how he suffers the familiar visits of princes, and
subjects himself to the jokes of such illustrious personages as feel
themselves privileged, in return for the honour they confer upon him
by their presence, to laugh at his "want of _ton_," and ridicule the
kindnesses which "people of his class" are so apt to bestow.

After dinner the prince tells us that he mounted the colonel's
horse--"unwearied as a machine of steel,"--(copper would have been as
fair a simile):--he gallops over the stones, up hill and down,--

  "leaps with undisturbed composure over the gates which
  continually intercept my way across the fields and tires me long
  before he feels the least fatigue himself. This, to me, is the
  true pleasure of riding--[a friend's horse]--I love to traverse
  mile after mile of country which I had never seen before, where I
  know not whither I am going, and must find out my way back as I

But will it be believed, notwithstanding the comfort, the good cheer,
the aviary, the dairy, the untireable horse, etc., etc.,--the prince,
although he had promised to stay with the "worthy colonel" for some
weeks, gets amazingly bored, and "therefore took leave;" and had
been, as he intimates, so _genêd_ by Kennell Park, that, proceeding
from it to the house of "another gentleman who had invited him," he
makes his visit "of some hours instead of days."

This grateful recipient of Cambrian hospitality is presently
discovered at the seat of Mr. Owen Williams, where he is obliged to
amuse himself "after dinner with reading the newspaper." This slur
upon the gaiety and conviviality of Mr. Williams's table must be as
groundless as is an assertion which he also hazards, that there was
nothing for dinner but fish--and that after dinner oysters formed the
dessert. But whether it be true that his highness felt dull and was
driven to the newspaper, or not, glad we are that he has said he was;
for he favours us with an extract from the journal, whatever it might
have been, which affords a new and convincing proof of the universal
correctness of his highness's information and remarks:--

  "In this vast desert [the newspaper] I met with only one thing
  which I think worth quoting to you. The article treated of the
  speech from the throne, in which were the words 'The Speaker
  is commanded to congratulate the people on their universal
  prosperity.' 'This,' says the writer, 'is too insolent; openly
  to make a jest of the miseries of the people.' It is indeed a
  settled point, that truth is never to be expected in a speech
  from the throne; and if ever a king were mad enough to wish to
  speak the real truth on such an occasion, he must begin his
  speech, 'My knaves and dupes,' instead of the wonted exordium,
  'My lords and gentlemen.'"

That no such words appeared in any king's speech as those which his
highness is pleased to comment upon, we need not take the trouble
to say; but it is rather strange, since we have already recorded
his highness's view of the real causes of popular distress in this
country, that he should so entirely coincide in the vindictiveness of
the supposed newspaper upon the fictitious expression.

We next find the prince visiting Colonel Hughes's copper-mines; and,
while he is standing by the furnace, he receives an invitation from
the colonel's brother, the major-commandant of the loyal Chester
local militia, to dine with him. His highness not only declines the
invitation, which he was quite at liberty to do, but sneers at the
hospitality which was offered him; and forthwith starts from Lord
Dinorben's copper pots for Holyhead, to embark for Dublin; where,
after a dose of sea-sickness, he arrives in good preservation.
He says--"As I knew not what else to do--(for all the notables
who inhabit the town are in the country)--I visited a number of
show-places; and among the first was the theatre,--a very pretty
house, with a somewhat less rough and obstreperous audience than in
London!" _Eich dyn!_

The descriptions which the "attracting and attracted" prince gives to
"Julia" of his little adventures during his rides upon the horses of
his friends are edifying. In Wales he discovers a sylph weeding in
a field, half naked, but "shy as a roe, and chaste as a vestal." In
Ireland he meets with another interesting female, whose personal and
mental qualities he thus details to his "beloved soul:"--

  "The scene was yet further animated by a sweet-looking young
  woman, whom I discovered in this wild solitude, busied in the
  humble employment of straw-plaiting. The natural grace of the
  Irish peasant-women, who are often truly beautiful, is as
  surprising as their dress, or rather the want of dress; for
  though it was very cold on these hills, the whole clothing of
  the young woman before me consisted of a large very coarse straw
  hat, and literally two or three rags of the coarsest sackcloth,
  suspended under the breast by a piece of cord, and more than
  half disclosing her handsome person. Her conversation was
  cheerful, sportive, and witty; perfectly unembarrassed, and, in
  a certain sense, free; but you would fall into a great error if
  you inferred from that any levity or looseness of conduct. The
  women of this class in Ireland are, almost universally, extremely
  chaste, and still more disinterested."

Truly, indeed, does the illustrious Goethe say, that this prince knew
how to put himself on a level with the highest and lowest. We are,
however, compelled to quit this rustic, half-clad Venus for brighter
scenes and more intellectual pleasures. On his return from his ride,
his highness proceeds to call on Lady Morgan, who receives him with
much grace and urbanity.

  "I was very eager (says the distinguished stranger) to make the
  acquaintance of a woman whom I rate so highly as an authoress. I
  found her, however, very different from what I had pictured her
  to myself. She is a little, frivolous, lively woman, apparently
  between thirty and forty, neither pretty nor ugly, but by no
  means disposed to resign all claim to the former, and with
  really fine and expressive eyes. She has no idea of '_mauvaise
  honte_' or embarrassment; her manners are not the most refined,
  and affect the 'aisance' and levity of the fashionable world,
  which, however, do not sit calmly or naturally upon her. She has
  the English weakness, that of talking incessantly of fashionable
  acquaintances, and trying to pass for very '_recherchée_,' to a
  degree quite unworthy of a woman of such distinguished talents;
  she is not at all aware how she thus underrates herself.

  "She is not difficult to know, for, with more vivacity than good
  taste, she instantly professes perfect openness, and especially
  sets forth on every occasion her liberalism and her infidelity;
  the latter of the somewhat obsolete school of Helvetius and
  Condillac. In her writings she is far more guarded and dignified
  than in her conversation. The satire of the latter is, however,
  not less biting and dexterous than that of her pen, and just as
  little remarkable for a conscientious regard to truth."

Now is this fair?--is this gallant?--is it princely?--is it
gentlemanlike?--hunted, followed, worshipped, and besought as
his highness was by Lady Morgan; dogged, baited, ferreted out,
and _fêted_ as he had been, was it to be expected that he would
denounce his kind hostess as frivolous, affected, a liberal and an
infidel,--(and _he_ too, of all men in the world)--with more vivacity
than taste, and no regard for truth!--and, worst of all, "neither
pretty nor ugly!"

He does, indeed, slily drop one lump of sugar into his bowl of gall,
and thinking he knows her ladyship's mind to a nicety, no doubt
believes that the one sweet drop will "property the whole." "She is
apparently between thirty and forty." Miss Owenson, however, was an
established authoress six-and-twenty years ago; and if any lady,
player's daughter or not, knew what she knew when she wrote and
published her first novels, at eight or nine years' of age, (which
Miss Owenson must have been at _that_ time, according to the prince's
calculation,) she was undoubtedly such a juvenile prodigy as would
be quite worthy to make a "case" for the _Gentleman's Magazine_, and
as fit to fill a show-waggon at Bartholomew Fair, as her ladyship's
namesake who was born with double joints, and could lift a sack of
corn with her teeth when she was only six years old.

His highness now determines to explore County Wicklow, and starts for
Bray,--"a town twenty miles from Dublin!"--having "left his carriage
and people in town."--Of this carriage and people we are often told
much, and they seem to give him no more trouble or inconvenience in
the management of them than his hat or his gloves,--when he wants
them he has them,--when he does not, they vanish into thin air. What
did he do with his "carriage and people" while he was flirting with
the barmaid at Bangor? When did they cross the water to Ireland? for
we have seen he came quite alone through Wales; and we shall see
presently that he made all his excursions in Ireland in noddies,
jingles, jaunting cars, and went back quite alone through England
upon the tops of coaches. But, not to dwell on such trifles--for we
suppose one might, without much injury, say, both of "principality"
and of "people," _de minimis non curat Prætor_--let us attend his
highness (or, to give him the exact title which the Germans bestow
on princes of this calibre, "his thorough-illustriousness,") to his
supper-table at Bray.

  "I supped with a young parson of good family, who made me laugh
  heartily at his orthodoxy in matters of religion, interspersed
  with talk, which was by no means remarkable for severe decorum
  of virtue. But such is the piety of Englishmen (_qu. ?_)--it is
  to them at once a party matter and an affair of good manners;
  and as in politics they follow their party implicitly, through
  thick and thin, reasonable and unreasonable, because it is
  their party;--as they submit to a custom for ever because it
  is a custom; so they regard their religion, (without the least
  tincture of poetry,) in exactly the same point of view: they go
  to church on Sundays, just as regularly as they dress every day
  for dinner; and regard a man who neglects church, just in the
  same light as one who eats fish with a knife."

We may afford to despise this infidel's sneer at English piety. As
for his ideas of English manners, the secret of his "thorough-lustre"
on that head now begins to peep out. He had evidently been studying
the poor puppyisms of what has been well enough called "the
silver-fork school of novelists." In the genuine spirit of the
doctors of this precious "sapientia," he says,--

  "The common people in England put the knife as well as the fork
  to their mouths. The higher classes, on the contrary, regard this
  as the true sin against the Holy Ghost, and cross themselves
  internally when they see a foreign ambassador now and then eat
  so;--it is an affront to the whole nation."

This specimen of his highness's "decorum" is sufficient. With
reference to his highness's horsemanship, we leave the following
exploit of the succeeding morning to the consideration of the

  "About a mile and a half farther on, the path suddenly ends in a
  ha-ha, over which my horse utterly refused to leap. As the wall
  was on my side, and the turf below very soft, I hit upon a new
  expedient; I tied my handkerchief over the eyes of the refractory
  beast, and pushed him down backwards over the wall. He was very
  little frightened, and not at all hurt by the fall, as I had
  expected, and grazed peaceably blindfold till I rejoined him.
  This manœuvre saved me at least five miles." (No doubt German

We presume this experiment was performed upon a friend's horse. In
the execution, however, of his "new expedient," he had, it appears,
dropped his purse: and we give the account of its restoration to its
owner in his highness's own words, in order to show the opinion his
highness entertains of the numerous fools who were civil enough to
make "feasts for him" while he was in this country.

  "Scarcely had I rested myself at table (at Avoca), when I was
  told that some one wished to speak to me. A young man, whom I
  had never seen, was shown in, and presented to me a pocket-book,
  which, to my no small astonishment, I recognized as my own;
  containing, besides other important papers which I always
  carry about me, all the money I had taken for my journey. I
  had, Lord knows how, dropped it out of my breast-pocket; and
  had, therefore, no small reason to congratulate myself on so
  honourable and obliging a finder. In England I should hardly
  have had the good fortune to see my pocket-book again, even if a
  'gentleman' had found it; he would probably have let it lie in
  peace,--or kept it."

Whatever we might have been likely to do by his pocket-book, we may,
on this particular occasion, allow his highness's tour-book to "_lie_
in peace."--He proceeds to exhibit his intimate knowledge of the
"insular life:"--

  "A really poor man, who is not in a situation to contract debts,
  can on no terms be a 'gentleman.' On the contrary, a rich scamp,
  who has had what is called a good education, so long as he
  preserves his 'character' (reputation) dexterously, passes for a
  'perfect gentleman.' In the exclusive society of London there are
  yet finer 'nuances.' A man, for instance, who were to manifest
  any timidity or courtesy towards women, instead of treating them
  in a familiar and 'nonchalant' manner, would awaken the suspicion
  that he was 'no gentleman;' but should the luckless man ask twice
  for soup at dinner, or appear in evening dress at a breakfast
  which begins at three in the afternoon and ends at midnight, he
  may be a prince and a 'millionaire,' but he is 'no gentleman.'"

Had his highness named none of his English (and Welsh) associates,
one might have found a charitable apology for the above: as it
is, we are bound to express our cordial agreement with one of his
observations--viz., that a man "may be a prince" without being a
gentleman. His highness now threads the Dargle; a coarse attack,
full of blasphemous allusions, upon Lord Powerscourt, follows;
and we then are carried to Donnybrook fair. A description of the
bestialities of that festival is given, which concludes with an
account of a flirtation, to call it by the gentlest name, between a
pair of lovers "excessively drunk,"--the whole of which is introduced
merely to usher in this remark:--"My reverence for truth compels me
to add, that not the slightest trace of English brutality was to be
perceived." We hope the Lady Janes and Lady Marys, who waltzed and
gallopaded with this "thoroughly illustrious" prince--their fathers,
whose wines he drank--and their brothers, whose horses he rode,--will
not forget this passage, in case his "noble and prepossessing aspect"
should again chance to enlighten our "insular gloom."

Once more safe in his quarters at Dublin, our Prince lays down
as an axiom that "nobody eats soup in England." "This," says his
highness, "is the reason, by-the-bye, for which my old Saxon left
me; he declared that he could not exist any longer in a state of
barbarism--without soup." Now, that his highness's "Saxon" should
have quitted "his ground" on this score seems odd,--inasmuch as
his highness himself has just before told us, that "the luckless
man who asked for soup twice at dinner" could be "no gentleman;"
in other words, that such is an usual mark of what our superfine
novelists call "vulgarity!" For the rest, his highness appears to
have lived much more in coffee-houses than anywhere else; and, as
everybody knows, whole seas of soup--black, grey, red, and green--are
daily and hourly bubbling and smoking in all such quarters. Of one
of these same coffee-houses, after denying the existence of soup,
and explaining that the Irish boil their potatoes "in water," his
highness thus continues his description:--

  "But now follows the second stage:--the table-cloth is removed;
  clean plate, and knife and fork laid, wine and wine-glass,
  and a few miserable apples or pears, with stony ship biscuits
  are brought: and now the dinner seems to begin to enjoy
  tranquillity and comfort. His countenance assumes an expression
  of satisfaction; apparently sunk in profound meditation, leaning
  back in his chair, and looking fixedly straight before him, he
  suffers a sip of wine to glide down his throat from time to time,
  only breaking the death-like silence by now and then laboriously
  craunching his rocky biscuits.

  "When the wine is finished, follows stage the third--that of
  digestion. All motion now ceases; his appetite being satiated, he
  falls into a sort of magnetic sleep, only distinguishable from
  the natural by the open eyes. After this has lasted for half an
  hour or an hour, all at once it ceases; he cries out, as if under
  the influence of some sudden possession, 'Waiter, my slippers;'
  and seizing a candle, walks off gravely to his chamber to meet
  his slippers and repose."

It appears to us very odd that the gallant prince should have, in
this luculent sketch of "insular life," suppressed all mention of his
"attracted" friends the chambermaids. He proceeds,--

  "Englishmen who do not belong to the aristocracy, and are not
  very rich, usually travel without a servant by the mail or
  stage-coach, which deposits them at the inn. The man who waits
  on strangers to the coach, cleans their boots, etc., has the
  universal appellation of 'Boots.' It is, accordingly, 'Boots'
  who brings your slippers, helps you to pull off your boots, and
  then departs, first asking at what time you will have, not, as
  in Germany, your coffee, but your hot water to shave. He appears
  with it punctually at the appointed hour, and brings your clothes
  cleanly brushed. The traveller then hastens to dress himself and
  to return to his beloved coffee-room, where the ingredients of
  breakfast are richly spread upon his table. To this meal he seems
  to bring more animation than to any other, and indeed I think
  more appetite; for the number of cups of tea, the masses of bread
  and butter, eggs and cold meat, which he devours, awaken silent
  envy in the breast, or rather in the stomach, of the less capable
  foreigner. He is now not only permitted, but enjoined (by custom
  his gospel) to read. At every cup of tea he unfolds a newspaper
  of the size of a table-cloth. Not a single speech, crim. con.,
  murder, or other catastrophe, invented by the 'accident maker' in
  London, escapes him.

  "Like one who would rather die of a surfeit than leave anything
  uneaten which he had paid for, the systematic Englishman thinks
  that, having called for a newspaper, he ought not to leave a
  letter of it unread. By this means his breakfast lasts several
  hours, and the sixth or seventh cup is drunk cold. I have seen
  this glorious meal protracted so long that it blended with
  dinner; and you will hardly believe me when I assure you, that a
  light supper followed at midnight without the company quitting
  the table."--Pp. 209-212.

The correctness of this picture is striking; but we do not exactly
trace the sequence of thought within his highness's illustrious
breast which conducts him from this analysis of coffee-house
breakfasts, through a few more uncalled-for insinuations of contempt
for the individuals at whose houses he had been visiting, to the
grand reflection with which it pleases him to close, p. 234, viz.,
"Nevertheless, the English nobleman, even the least of the lords, in
the bottom of his heart, thinks himself a better man than the king of
France." This, written A.D. 1828, appears to be gratuitous malice;
though, as to being a better man than the king of France, if there be
truth in Hennequin, we certainly hope there is hardly an Englishman,
whether great lord or little gentleman, amongst us--liable as we are
to the charge of stealing pocket-books from living princes,--who
would, in January, 1832, be ambitious to change characters with the
actual occupant of the Tuileries.

At page 218, this exemplary advocate of Popish emancipation in
Ireland, lets slip the following simple and natural observations:--

  "I returned to Dublin just at the moment of a meeting of the
  'Catholic Association,' and alighted at the door of their house:
  unfortunately, however, neither Shiel nor O'Connell was present,
  so that there was no great attraction. Heat and bad smells ('car
  l'humanité Catholique pûe autant qu'une autre') drove me out in a
  few minutes.

  "In the evening I was better amused by the performances of some
  other charlatans--a company of English horse-riders who are here."

This is complimentary, and quite consistent with what will be found
in the sequel.

The prince now starts for the south of Ireland--visiting and
ridiculing a variety of families on his route. On one particular
household he is especially jocose, and instances, in illustration of
the state of their domestic information, a "long and patient" search
which was made "in a map of Europe, for the United States!" (p. 221.)
He adds,--

  "The occasion of the search was, that the old gentleman wanted to
  show me Halifax and B---- town, which latter takes its name from

For one moment we must beg leave to stop his highness; no Englishman,
or Irishman, ever talks of the United States; we always speak of
America; and as, unfortunately for his highness, America is the
distinctive appellation of one quarter of the globe, no Englishman,
or even Irishman, would ever expect to find America in a map of
Europe. If, indeed, it had been a question about Puckler-Muskau,
or any such place, if place it be, we should, in common with all
the rest of the world, the prince himself perhaps excepted, have
hunted with the greatest alacrity to find it. But why was this old
"country squire" so anxious to find the two American towns, which,
by his anxiety, it is clear he thought his illustrious visitor knew
nothing about? Why? Why, because he "laid the first stone of both
during the American war, in which he commanded seven hundred men,
and loves to recall those days of his youth and importance." In the
preceding page he tells us that his host "is seventy-two years old,
and hale and vigorous as a man of fifty." Now, mark:--Halifax, the
capital of the province of Nova Scotia, was founded in May, 1749,
being exactly seventy-nine years before the year 1828, in which
his highness had the good fortune to meet with its "hale" founder,
_anno ætatis_ seventy-two, in Ireland, he having, according to his
highness's account and calculation, commanded seven hundred men, and
laid the first stone of a city, exactly seven years and four months
before he was born. Whether this "vigorous" personage waited for the
accouchement of his respectable mother to begin operations at B----,
we cannot determine--the initial (so delicate!) baffles us; but we
ought to be contented with his early exertions in the public service
at Halifax.

These innocent, or rather imbecile, blunders or fictions are followed
by another blasphemous satire upon our Church service--coupled with
the remark, that Ireland is "debased by the stupid intolerance of the
English priesthood," and that, therefore, out of a party of twenty
persons, nobody knew where Carlsbad or Prague was; they did not even
know where Bohemia was; in short, "everything out of Great Britain
and Paris was a country in the moon." All this is at Limerick,--where
the sexton of one of the "Catholic churches" told him they had rung
the bells as soon as they heard of his arrival, and begged ten
shillings as a gratuity; though we strongly suspect, that in 1828,
the "Catholic churches" had no bells; where his highness is offered
the order of the Liberators, which he declines, and compounds for
dining with the Agitators; and where also occurs that scene of his
being mistaken for young Ney, which we took leave to transpose to the
earlier part of our observations, in order to identify the author.

The great object, however, of his highness's Irish excursion was, as
might have been anticipated, to visit Mr. O'Connell; and accordingly
he gets a horse (a friend's, of course) to ride to Derrinane, by a
route which man on horseback never went before. On the journey a
"soft rain began to fall," and his delicate highness (who, be it
remembered, always prefers, or, at least, adopts the fashion of
"travelling outside") writes thus:--"As I am seldom in the way of
enjoying such a bath in the open air, I waded with a great feeling
of satisfaction and pleasure through the streams, throwing myself in
some degree into the pleasurable state of mind of a duck. Nothing
of that kind is, as you know, impossible to my mobile fancy."
What are we to make of this? His "thorough-lustre," the Prince
Puckler-Muskau--the "dignified," "prepossessing," all-accomplished,
admired of Goethe, the frank and favoured correspondent of Julia, and
the personal friend of Lady Morgan,--to be able to throw himself into
the pleasurable state of mind of a duck! and then appealing to his
"beloved soul" to bear public testimony that he is capable of such an
exertion. But perhaps the translator is in fault, and "duck" is not
the right word.

In his progress to Derrinane, a series of Munchausen adventures
await his highness:--he contrives to keep his seat in the saddle six
miles after having broken his saddle-girths--he subsequently saddles
himself, and leads his horse, (his carriage and people not being
there)--and at length, after fording bottomless torrents, ascending
inaccessible hills, and avoiding various inevitable accidents, the
least of which would have been mortal, he reaches "the Abbey,"
and, after much thumping and ringing, obtains admission. As many
of our readers may never have had the honour of inspecting this
distinguished _interieur_, we must let his highness speak:--

  "The tower clock was striking eleven, and I was, I confess,
  somewhat anxious as to my dinner, especially as I saw no living
  being, except a man in a dressing-gown at an upper window. Soon,
  however, I heard sounds in the house; a handsomely dressed
  servant appeared, bearing silver candlesticks, and opened the
  door of a room, in which I saw with astonishment a company of
  from fifteen to twenty persons sitting at a long table, on which
  were placed wine and dessert. A tall, handsome man, of cheerful
  and agreeable aspect, rose to receive me, and apologized for
  having given me up in consequence of the lateness of the hour,
  regretted that I had made such a journey in such terrible
  weather, presented me in a cursory manner to his family, who
  formed the majority of the company, and then conducted me to my
  bedroom. This was the great O'Connell!

  "On the whole, he exceeded my expectations. His exterior is
  attractive; and the expression of intelligent good-nature, united
  with determination and prudence, which marks his countenance,
  is extremely winning. He has, perhaps, more of persuasiveness
  than of genuine, large, and lofty eloquence; and one frequently
  perceives too much design and manner in his words. Nevertheless,
  it is impossible not to follow his powerful arguments with
  interest, to view the martial dignity of his carriage without
  pleasure, or to refrain from laughing at his wit. It is very
  certain that he looks much more like a general of Napoleon's
  than a Dublin advocate. This resemblance is rendered much more
  striking by the perfection with which he speaks French, having
  been educated at the Jesuits' College at Doual and St. Omer.
  His family is old, and was probably one of the great families
  of the land. His friends, indeed, maintain that he springs from
  the ancient kings of Kerry,--an opinion which no doubt adds
  to the reverence with which he is regarded by the people. He
  himself told me--and not without a certain pretension--that one
  of his cousins was Comte O'Connell, and 'cordon rouge' in France;
  and another a baron, general and chamberlain to the Emperor of
  Austria; but that he was the head of the family. He is about
  fifty years old, and in excellent preservation, though his youth
  was rather wild and riotous....

  "If he should succeed in obtaining emancipation, of which I
  have no doubt, his career, so far from being closed, will, I
  think, only then properly begin. The evils of Ireland, and of
  the constitution of Great Britain generally, lie too deep to be
  removed by emancipation. His understanding is sharp and quick,
  and manners, as I have said, winning and popular; although
  somewhat of the actor is perceivable in them, they do not conceal
  his very high opinion of himself, and are occasionally tinged
  by what an Englishman would call 'vulgarity.' Where is there a
  picture entirely without a shade?

  "Another interesting man, the real, though not ostensible, head
  of the Catholics, was present, Father L'Estrange, a friar, and
  O'Connell's confessor. He may be regarded as the real founder
  of that Catholic Association so often derided in England, but
  which by merely negative powers, by dexterous activity in secret,
  and by universally organizing and training the people to one
  determinate end, attained a power over them as boundless as
  that of the hierarchy in the middle ages; with this difference,
  that the former strove for light and liberty, the latter for
  darkness and slavery. This is another outbreak of that second
  great revolution, which solely by intellectual means, without any
  admixture of physical force, is advancing to its accomplishment;
  and whose simple but resistless weapons are public discussion
  and the press. L'Estrange is a man of philosophical mind and
  unalterable calmness. His manners are those of an accomplished
  gentleman who has traversed Europe in various capacities, has a
  thorough knowledge of mankind, and with all his mildness cannot
  always conceal the sharp traces of great astuteness. I should
  call him the ideal of a well-intentioned Jesuit. As O'Connell was
  busy, I took an early walk with the friar to a desert island, to
  which we crossed dry-footed over the smooth sand now left by the
  ebb. Here stand the genuine ruins of Derrinane Abbey, to which
  O'Connell's house is only an appendix. It is to be repaired by
  the family, probably when some of their hopes are fulfilled....

  "I wondered when I afterwards found both O'Connell and L'Estrange
  entirely free from religious bigotry, and even remarked in them
  very tolerant and philosophical views, though they persisted in
  choosing to continue true Catholics. I wished I had been able to
  conjure hither some of those furious imbeciles among the English
  Protestants, who cry out at those Catholics as irrational and
  bigoted; while they themselves alone, in the true sense of the
  word, cling to the fanatical faith of their politico-religious
  party, and are firmly predetermined to keep their long ears for
  ever closed to reason and humanity."--Vol. i., pp. 334-338.

Tearing himself from "the Man of the People," Father L'Estrange, and
the rest of "the court of Derrinane," our prince transports himself
to Killarney; inspects Mucruss, rows about the lakes, repeats some of
Mr. Crofton Croker's stories of the great O'Donoghue, and again falls
into one of those _affaires du cœur_, his clever management of which
has so moved the admiration of the venerable Goethe.

  "The Irish naïveté of the innkeeper's daughter made such an
  agreeable impression on me, that on my return to her father's inn
  I scarcely talked to anybody else, and thus won her good graces.
  She had never quitted her native mountains, and was as ignorant
  of the world as it is possible to conceive. I asked her, in jest,
  if she would go with me to Cork. 'Oh no,' said she, 'I should be
  afraid to go so far with you. Do tell me now who you really are:
  You are a Jew--_that_ I know already.' 'Why, are you mad?' said
  I; 'what makes you think I must be a Jew?' 'Ah, you can't deny
  it; haven't you a black beard all round your chin, and five or
  six gold rings on your fingers?' My disclaimer was of no use. At
  last, however, she said good-humouredly, that if I positively
  would not allow that I was one, she wished at least that I might
  'become as rich as a Jew,' (an English phrase.) I confirmed this
  with a Christian 'Amen!'"

Barring the last bit of blasphemy, this is a laughable page. We only
ask, whether any prince, who had not the mind of a duck, would record
such an adventure as this? Another bar-maid--another pot-girl--and
she to whom he exclusively devoted his attentions, to set him down
for a Jew, and not to be convinced to the contrary! Where were his
"people"--where the evidence to counteract this calumny? The mere
nastiness of encouraging a tuft of unseemly hair under his chin could
hardly have led the girl to this conclusion.

The second volume presents us with a series of visits to Protestant
country gentlemen, whose manners and dinners he derides, and whose
wives and daughters are talked of as "imbecile bigots," because they
"remember the Sabbath-day, and keep it holy,"--interspersed with
scenes on which his highness dwells with more satisfaction, but of
which we regret to find we can afford but few specimens. At Cashel
he passes several of his _white_ days, chiefly, of course, in the
company of persons unconnected with the "stupid, dull, Anglican
system." _Inter alia_, he is invited by "the Catholic dean to meet
the archbishop and sixteen other clergymen at dinner."

  "The table did honour to a chaplain of the Holy Father.... The
  conversation then turned on religious subjects, and was in a
  perfectly free and partial spirit: never did I perceive the least
  trace of bigotry, or of the disgusting affectation of puritanical
  rigour. At the dessert, several sang their national songs, some
  of which had no pretension to sanctity. As the one who sat next
  me remarked some little surprise on my countenance, he said in
  my ear, 'Here we forget the foreign * * * * the archbishop,
  and the priest,--at table we are only gentlemen, and to enjoy
  ourselves.'"--Vol. ii., pp. 47, 48.

  "Before the archbishop retired," says his highness, "he said
  to me, in a most obliging manner, 'You are _as you tell us!_ a
  bishop! consequently, you owe obedience to the archbishop. I
  employ this, my authority, to command you to dine here to-morrow
  with your colleague the Bishop of Limerick, whom we expect
  to-day;--I must hear of no excuse.' I answered, taking up the
  jest, 'I readily confess that it does not beseem me to withstand
  the discipline of the Church, and your grace and the dean know so
  well how to sweeten obedience, that I submit the more willingly.'"

  "I passed the evening in the society of the * * * * I have
  seldom found Protestant clergymen so frank and sincere as these
  Catholics. We came to the conclusion, that we must either receive
  blindly the hereditary faith the Church prescribes; or, if this
  be not in our power, form our own religious system as the result
  of individual thoughts and individual feelings, which may rightly
  be called the religion of philosophers. The * * * * spoke French
  most fluently, I therefore quote his own words: 'Heureusement
  on peut en quelque sorte combiner l'un et l'autre; car, au bout
  du compte, il faut une religion positive au peuple.' 'Et dites
  surtout,' replied I, 'qu'il en faut une aux rois et aux prêtres;
  car aux uns elle fournit le par la grâce de Dieu, et aux autres,
  de la puissance, des honneurs, et des richesses; le _peuple_ se
  contenterait, peut-être, de bonnes lois et d'un gouvernement
  libre.' 'Ah,' interrupted he, 'you think like Voltaire,

      "Les prêtres ne sont pas ce qu'un vain peuple pense,
      Et sa crédulité fait toute notre science."'

  'Ma foi,' said I, 'si tous les prêtres vous ressemblaient je
  penserais bien autrement.'"

  "I was, unfortunately, unable to keep my word with my friendly
  Amphitryon. A 'megrim' confined me all day to my bed. The
  archbishop sent me word that he would cure me; and, if I
  would but bring firm faith, would be sure to drive away the
  headache-fiend by a well-applied exorcism. I was, however,
  obliged to reply, that this devil was not one of the most
  tractable, and that he respected no one but Nature, who sends
  and recalls him at her pleasure, which, alas! is seldom in less
  than four-and-twenty hours. I must, therefore, cut off even you,
  dearest Julia, with a few words."

This is a pleasant specimen of communication between a "frank and
sincere" Irish * * * *, and a Lutheran liberal, who, in order to quiz
the very idea of a Protestant episcopacy, announces himself at a
drinking, singing party of papists, of which an archbishop makes one,
to be a bishop himself.

When the prince has done with the popish archbishop, he takes to
the pipers, and is safely delivered of this sapient remark:--"These
pipers, who are almost all blind, derive their origin from remote
antiquity. They are gradually fading away, for all that is old must
vanish from the earth." This is a truism:--but, as pipers, like other
men, to whatever age they may attain, are all born young--even in
Ireland--his highness may still encourage the hope, that when the
old ones die off, others will succeed them. The chapter of pipers is
succeeded by a not very delicate one on game-cocks; but we must pass
over this, and accompany the prince to the Phœnix Park, where he is
in his proper sphere.

  "Lord Anglesea invited me to dinner," says his highness, "and
  the party was brilliant. He is beloved in Ireland for his
  impartiality, and for the favour he has always shown to the
  cause of emancipation. His exploits as a general officer are
  well known--no man has a more graceful and polished address in
  society. A more perfect work of art than his false leg I never

This climax of compliment will, no doubt, be felt and appreciated by
his Excellency: he adds--

  "The power and dignity of a Lord Lieutenant are considerable
  as representative of the king; but he holds them only at the
  pleasure of the ministry. Among other privileges, he has that of
  creating Baronets; and in former times inn-keepers, and men even
  less qualified, have received that dignity."

Baronets, as everybody knows, the Lord Lieutenant never could
create, and the knighthoods the prince refers to most ungracefully,
considering the "free and easy" manner in which, as we shall
presently see, he treated Sir Charles Morgan and Sir Arthur
Clarke--the individuals to whom he obviously points--and their
"womankind." But, indeed, his malignity towards unfortunate Lady
Morgan is worthy of severer reprehension. The following passage
appears to us entirely indefensible:--

  "I spent a very pleasant evening to-day at Lady M----'s. The
  company was small, but amusing, and enlivened by the presence
  of two very pretty friends of our hostess, who sang in the
  best Italian style. I talked a great deal with Lady M---- on
  various subjects, and she has talent and feeling enough always
  to excite a lively interest in her conversation. On the whole,
  I think I did not say enough in her favour in my former letter;
  at any rate, I did not then know one of her most charming
  qualities,--that of possessing two such pretty relatives.

  "The conversation fell upon her works, and she asked me how
  I liked her Salvator Rosa? 'I have not read it,' replied I,
  'because' (I added by way of excusing myself, 'tant bien que
  mal') 'I like your fictions so much, that I did not choose to
  read anything historical from the pen of the most imaginative of
  romance writers.' 'O, that is only a romance,' said she; 'you may
  read it without any qualms of conscience.' 'Very well,' thought
  I; 'probably that will apply to your travels too,'--but this I
  kept to myself. 'Ah,' said she, 'believe me, it is only _ennui_
  that sets my pen in motion; our destiny in this world is such
  a wretched one that I try to forget it in writing.' Probably
  the Lord Lieutenant had not invited her, or some other great
  personage had failed in 'his engagement to her, for she was
  quite out of spirits."--Vol. ii., p. 103.

At page 108 we are introduced to Lady Clarke, Lady Morgan's
sister--for they are both "Ladies"--and Sir Arthur Clarke, and the
Misses Clarke, who turn out to be the two "pretty relatives." Lady
Clarke, we are told, "is very superior to her celebrated relation
in accurate taste and judgment." Of the young ladies, whom his
highness calls his "little nightingales," the prince says much; but
it would be unfair to criticise his criticisms upon them, which are
only distinguished by vanity, puppyism, conceit, bad taste, and bad
feeling. He takes these poor girls to see "the fine artist," M.
Ducrow, ("an admirable model for sculptors, in an elastic dress,
which fits exquisitely,") ride nine horses at once, and "finally go
to bed with a pony dressed as an old woman;" and the "little one"
trembled with delight, with anxiety and eagerness, and kept her hands
clenched all the time; and then comes a history of his fetching out a
girl, who had acted Napoleon, from a dressing-room, where she stood
naked as "a little Cupid before the glass," (we should have said a
little Venus!)--but there is no end to his malice.

  "I rested myself (he says) this evening in the accustomed place.
  'Tableaux' were again the order of the day. I had to appear
  successively as Brutus, an Asiatic Jew, Francis the First,
  and Saladin. Miss J---- was a captivating little fellow as a
  student of Alcala; and her eldest sister, as a fair slave, a
  welcome companion to Saladin. As the beautiful Rebecca, she also
  assorted not ill with the oriental Jew. All these metamorphoses
  were accomplished with the help only of four candles, two
  looking-glasses, a few shawls and coloured handkerchiefs, a burnt
  cork, a pot of rouge, and different heads of hair."

Even the mysteries of her ladyship's dressing-room, and the articles
which compose her ladyship's toilette, are not sacred in the eyes of
this "right-minded observer!"

Our readers have probably had enough of the prince. On the political
portion of his highness's book we cannot enter, because his politics
are universally mixed up with impiety. As to personal adventure,
his closing chapters on Ireland contain little of that, except his
being invited to drink wine at a radical meeting, and a visit to the
Catholic Association. The rest is a mere tissue of commonplaces,
evidently gleaned from the female attendants of the small inns which
his highness was in the habit of frequenting, while his "carriage
and people" were absent. He quits Ireland, and starts from Holyhead
by the mail; he arrives at Shrewsbury, and, although the mail very
rarely stops for anybody, perambulates the whole town,--sketches
the horses,--examines the castle, and the tread-mill,--and yet is
in time to pursue his journey, which he does on the outside of the
mail, with four outside passengers! At Monmouth he pauses,--goes into
a bookseller's shop to "buy a Guide,"--and "unexpectedly" makes the
acquaintance of the bookseller's "very amiable family," particularly
two "pretty daughters,"--of whom his highness observes, as a Lyell or
Murchison would of lumps of nickel or tungsten, "they were the most
perfect specimens of innocent country girls I ever met with." They
were at tea when his highness dropped in; and the father, "unusually
loquacious for an Englishman, took him absolutely and formally
prisoner, and began to ask him the strangest questions about the
Continent and about politics."

  "The daughters," said his highness, "obviously pitied
  me--probably from experience--and tried to restrain him; but
  I let him go on, and surrendered myself for half an hour _de
  bonne grace_, by which I won the good-will of the whole family
  to such a degree, that they all pressed me most warmly to stay
  some days in this beautiful country, and to take up my abode
  with them. When I rose at length to go, they positively refused
  to take anything for the book; '_bongré, malgré_,' I was forced
  to keep it as a present. Such conquests please me; because their
  manifestations can come only from the heart."

The reader will presently find the sequel to this double shot, by
which two perfect specimens of innocence were killed dead; but he
must first be told that his highness, the next morning, charges the
landlord of his inn, the waiters, or the chambermaids, or somebody,
with stealing his purse and pocket-book. They indignantly deny the
charge, and repel the imputation, which his highness appears to have
been anxious to cast equally upon gentlemen and innkeepers, and offer
to submit to instant search, adding, however, that his highness must
undergo a similar operation. This his highness declines; he thinks
it best to put up with the loss of ten pounds, and depart; and what
will the reader think he therefore did? "Why," says the prince, "I
therefore took some more bank-notes out of my travelling-bag, paid
the reckoning, and so departed."

From this splendid detail we discern that his highness travelled with
a sac de nuit stuffed with bank-notes; nevertheless--

      "The Prince, unable to conceal his pain"

at the loss of his ten pounds, runs to his amiable friends at the
bookshop, and imparts to them the disaster:--

  "The surprise and concern of all were equal. In a few minutes the
  daughters began to whisper to their mother, made signs to one
  another, then took their father on one side; and after a short
  deliberation, the youngest came up to me and asked me, blushing
  and embarrassed, 'Whether this loss might not have caused me
  a temporary embarrassment, and whether I would accept a loan
  of five pounds, which I could restore whenever I returned that
  way:' at the same time trying to push the note into my hand.
  Such genuine kindness touched me to the heart: it had something
  so affectionate and disinterested, that the greatest benefit
  conferred under other circumstances would perhaps have inspired
  me with less gratitude than this mark of unaffected goodwill. You
  may imagine how cordially I thanked them. 'Certainly,' said I,
  'were I in the slightest difficulty, I should not be too proud to
  accept so kind an offer; but as this is not in the least degree
  the case, I shall lay claim to your generosity in another way,
  and beg permission to be allowed to carry back to the Continent a
  kiss from each of the fair girls of Monmouth.' This was granted,
  amid much laughter and good-natured resignation. Thus freighted,
  I went back to my carriage!"--(N.B.--He had come by the mail.)

The end of all this interesting story is, that two or three days
after, his highness (whom, like Goethe, and unlike the barmaids, and
the bookseller's daughters, we always "figure to ourselves as of a
dignified aspect") finds his purse and his book in his dressing-gown
pocket, so that the whole episode is given to show his Julia what a
fine man he is, and how ready his "specimens of innocence" are to
fall vanquished at his feet.--"Eich dyn!"

But we must cut his highness short. At Bristol he enters Radcliffe
Church while the organ is playing, and stations himself in a corner,
whence he could catch a glimpse at the interior:--

  "The illiberality of the English Church would not allow me this
  satisfaction, and the preacher sent an old woman to tell me that
  I must sit down. As it is not the custom in Catholic churches to
  interrupt the devotions of a congregation on such light grounds,
  even if strangers go in without any caution to view whatever is
  worth seeing in the church, I might justly wonder that English
  Protestant piety should have so little confidence in its own
  strength, as to be thus blown about by the slightest breath. The
  riddle was explained to me afterwards: I should have to pay for
  my seat, and the truly pious motive was the sixpence. However, I
  had had enough, and left their mummery without paying."

The substantial veracity of this narrative who can doubt? but that no
preacher at Radcliffe Church ever took the slightest notice of his
highness we will venture to affirm; the pew-opener might have thought
that such a fine man as his highness would like to sit down, or the
beadle might have thought it civil to an Israelite--for which he
seems to have generally been mistaken--to show him a little Christian

Passing over his highness's account of Bath, and Mr. Beckford, "a
sort of Lord Byron in prose, who pays fifty guineas a week for leave
to walk in a nursery garden and pick what flowers he chooses;"--of
Salisbury, where the prince meets another specimen--"a very pretty
young girl," a dress-maker,--and of course takes an opportunity of
libelling the bishop, the venerable and excellent Dr. Burgess,--who
"never preaches, and draws 15,000_l._ a-year from his see!"--of
Wilton, to which house he obtains admission by a story, and under
an assumed name, which he rejoices to hear the housekeeper could
neither pronounce nor write;--and some other seats and towns,--we
reach London,--his highness's description of which is to occupy the
two first, but as yet unpublished, volumes of this work. When he
has sufficiently reinspected the "grand foyer," he again mounts the
box for Canterbury, criticises the cathedral, the peculiar beauty
of which he considers to arise from its not having a screen! and
satirizes the archbishop, who enjoys "the rank of a prince" within
his jurisdiction, "but not in London,"--as if London were not in the
heart of his Grace's jurisdiction,--"moreover, he has sixty thousand
a-year! and may marry!" (in the teeth, we presume, of the statute
against bigamy.) The "illustrious stranger" proceeds to Dover--thence
to Calais--dines with, and of course abuses, Mr. Brummel,--having,
by-the-bye, gained admission to his table, as he had done to Lord
Pembroke's gallery, under a feigned name! The "thorough lustre" of
his principality is then enshrined in the cabriolet of a diligence;
he eats smoking hot plinzen with the coachman, and arrives in Paris,
where for the present we shall leave him,--and that "sweltering
venom" which is luckily neutralized by an unfailing effusion of

We are sorry that the first Prussian castigator of our manners should
have been a prince! We had, at one time, been led to expect the
notice of a personage, who, though of not quite princely rank, could
have told a much more amusing story,--described "specimens" of a
higher order than bar-maids--pecuniary incidents more important than
the loss of a ten-pound note out of a sac-de-nuit,--and even wound up
his "picture of insular existence" with an interesting appendix to
the "Mémoires d'un Homme d'Etat."


CAPITAL, £500,000. SHARES, £50.

The immediate object of this institution is to rob death of its
terrors, and, by following the example of our Parisian friends, blend
the graceful with the grave, and mingle the picturesque with the
pathetic:--in short, the directors feel confident, that when their
scheme is fully developed, the whole system of inhumation will be
changed, and the feelings and associations connected with interments
in general, assume so novel a character, that it will be rather
pleasant than otherwise to follow our friends and relations to the

It is proposed to purchase an extensive domain in the neighbourhood
of Primrose Hill and Caen Wood, where the diversified undulations of
ground, and the soothing commixture of trees and water, afford the
most flattering promise of success in the undertaking. No difficulty
is anticipated in the purchase of the property, since the will of the
late noble owner distinctly points out that it shall remain "grass
land" to all eternity; and, "since all flesh is grass," no reasonable
objection can be raised to its appropriation as a public cemetery.

The public cemetery, like the _Daily Advertiser_, will be open to
all parties--dead or alive, of all religions, or, indeed, of none;
and it does not need the practical knowledge attainable by a visit
to the French metropolis to convince the world that by laying out
the ground in a parklike manner, with umbrageous walks, alcoves,
bowers, and fish-ponds, a link will be created between the past
and present generation, and the horrid idea of having deposited a
parent, a husband, or a sister, in a cold, damp grave, or a gloomy
vault, refined into the agreeable recollection that they repose in a
picturesque garden or a shady grove, at an easy distance from the
most fashionable part of the town.

The directors intend opening a convenient hotel and tavern on the
spot, at which persons visiting the cemetery, either as mourners
or in search of quiet retreats for themselves, may procure every
sort of refreshment. A _table-d'hôte_ will be constantly prepared
at five shillings a-head, for which cold meat and _vin de grave_
will be furnished; and on Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays, during
the summer, after burying-hours, Collinet's band will be regularly
engaged for quadrilles, and the grounds illuminated with variegated

A committee of taste will be appointed to regulate the designs of
tombs; and the directors think it may save trouble to state in
the outset that no allusions to death, nor any representations of
skulls, cross-bones, skeletons, or other disagreeable objects, will
be permitted. The Royal Society of Literature will be solicited to
revise the inscriptions, epitaphs, and elegies, and twelve ladies
belonging to the different _corps-de-ballet_ of the King's Theatre,
and the Theatres Royal Covent Garden and Drury Lane, are engaged to
enliven the ground as mourners at newly-erected tombs.

These young ladies may be engaged by the day or hour, at a moderate
price, and find their own garlands.

Mr. Samuel Rogers is appointed master of the ceremonies, and will
appear dressed in the uniform of the establishment.

The directors have appointed Mr. Botibol, of Soho-square, their
artificial florist, who will provide all sorts of flowers for
strewing graves; but ladies and gentlemen are requested not to leave
the decorations on the tombs at night, but to return them to the
directress at the bar of the tavern: and, it may be necessary to add,
that no ladies will be allowed to appear at the dances with the same
ornaments which have been previously used in the grounds funereally.

Lord Graves has been solicited to accept the office of president, and
Sir Isaac Coffin that of vice-president. The College of Surgeons
will be constant visitors of the Institution, and under such
patronage ultimate success appears to be a dead certainty. Ladies and
gentlemen wishing to be buried in romantic situations are requested
to make early application to Mr. Ebers, of Bond-street, where the
grave-book, with a plan of the cemetery, may be seen.

Persons subscribing for family mausoleums are entitled to free
admission to all the balls of the season.

Gloves, hatbands, white pocket-handkerchiefs, cephalic snuff, and
fragrant essence of onions, for producing tears, to be had of the

N.B. No objection to burying persons in fancy dresses.

POSTSCRIPT.--The prospectus says that "an eligible site having
offered itself"--this must have been a very curious site indeed--the
temptation is too great to be resisted, and the public are invited to
unite in a joint stock, "Capital £200,000, in shares of £25 each," to
contrive something more agreeable for our resting-places than mere
vaults and churchyards, and prepare a retreat, after the fashion of
the cemetery of _Père la Chaise_, in the neighbourhood of that ever
gay and lively city--Paris.

"Within this area," continues the prospectus, "public bodies and
individuals may obtain ground for interment, and liberty to erect
mausoleums and monuments after their own designs; and vaults and
catacombs will also be constructed for general use."

This is giving great latitude--mausoleums and monuments erected
promiscuously, after the designs of their future inhabitants, will no
doubt present a beautiful variety of tastes and elevations. It should
seem, however, that the vaults and catacombs are not to be used
exclusively for burying, for, in contradistinction to the interments
to which the mausoleums and monuments are to be appropriated, the
prospectus states that the vaults and catacombs are for general use.
_Déjeuners à la fourchette_, or _petits soupers_ by moonlight,
perhaps. We say by moonlight, because illuminating the gardens in the
evening does not yet appear to form part of the design.

The following condition we have no doubt will be highly advantageous
in a pecuniary point of view to the proprietary, but it sounds

"Subscribers on or before the 30th day of June, 1830, will be
entitled to tickets of precedence, after the rate of one ticket
for every five shares; which ticket will entitle the holder to a
preference, according to the numerical order of the shares, in the
choice of a situation for a grave or a monument. These tickets
to be transferable without the shares upon which they shall have
been granted, and capable of being held by persons who may not be
subscribers or proprietors."

Now, however seriously captious sticklers for rank and pre-eminence
may regard the article of precedence, we must say that the case
of going out of the world differs a good deal from that of going
out of a drawing-room; and we suspect, if the committee of this
deadly-lively society could contrive to invert the order of
departure, they would dispose of a much greater number of shares than
are likely to go off under "existing circumstances." To the pleasure
of walking about a burying-ground, with a plan in one's hand,
like the Opera House box-book, to select a good place, we confess
ourselves somewhat insensible; but we have no doubt that if this
job takes, in less than five years we shall see "Graves in a good
situation to let," posted at Sams' and Ebers', and "a transferable
admission to a catacomb," to be sold for the season, just as a ticket
for the pit is at present.


SIR,--I feel great diffidence in addressing you, and should
hesitate a long time before I ventured to throw myself upon your
consideration, and through you upon that of the public; but the state
of my case is desperate, and since it has recently been decided that
beggary is a crime, and that those who dare to relieve distress with
their own money are punishable by law, I prefer at once appealing to

The fact is, sir, that I am a superannuated lady's footman, my
present situation is unbearable--I began the world in the service of
the Margravine of Anspach, and was then accounted--I say it with all
possible modesty--a remarkably fine young man. Her highness never
admitted _low_ persons (I mean in stature) to the honour of her
livery; and many a time, until the present Sir Lumley Skeffington
chose a cream-coloured coach for her highness instead of a yellow,
have I, under favour of the foreign scarlet, been taken for one of
the _élite_ of Carlton House.

The Margravine went away, and I became the hanger-on of a duchess's
carriage, who shall be nameless, since she is no more. The black
breeches and gold bands did not quite suit my taste, and I rejoice to
find that they are now _out_ to all intents and purposes. However,
speaking figuratively, as well as literally, I hung on until her
grace dropped off, then _me voilà_! I had an offer from the Lord
Mayor's household. The livery was handsome, and one changes one's
master there, like an almanack, every year; but the Lord Mayors have
an unpleasant smell about them, and they go to the Old Bailey and
the Blue-coat School, and all those horrible places, where one might
catch unpleasant disorders, so I declined, and made a push for Pall
Mall--but it would not do.

I then, sir, thought of Mr. Coutts,--the late very respectable
banker,--but just as I expected a character from the late Mr.
Raymond, of Drury-lane Theatre, he was taken ill and died, and when
I was about to renew my negotiations, a melancholy circumstance
occurred which determined me not to engage in a place where I might,
perhaps, be kicked out at a moment's warning.

There _was_ a house, which shall be nameless, in Surrey, where an
opening presented itself, but tallow-candles were whispered to me,
and I fell back. I had at that time a fancy for Sir H---- W----
W----'s service, for I thought the sugar-loaf buttons were becoming;
but the story about the sister and the annuity disgusted me, and I
cut that. So I went on, sipping and smelling and never coming to the
point, like Macheath, in the operative mendicant's opera; for I was
made for a lady's footman, and I will even now back myself against
any other two yards and an eighth of humanity behind a carriage, or
at candle-light in that capacity. However, to my distress.

I embarked in the service of a _nouveau riche_ (not Hayne, upon my
honour), one of the mushrooms who blazed for a season, and then not
only went out, but went off, _me voilà!!_ again I looked round me. I
was then nearly fifty, called myself young, bought Tyrian dye, which
turned my hair blue, and rubbed the bald place on the crown of my
head with Russia oil, which smelt unpleasantly. Still no place; the
ladies all voted me too old, too fat, too this thing and too that
thing, until at last, dear Mr. Bull, I got a situation in a place
where I daresay you have never been, but which I know you have heard
of, called Montagu-place, Bedford-square, next door but one to your
excellent friend, Mrs. Ramsbottom.

And now hear me. In this dreadful solitude, all one sees is the new
painted house of Old Cavendish (what a place for a Cavendish!) at the
corner a mews, where a man lets glass-coaches (I heard Mr. Raikes
make a joke at my master's about a singer in a glass-coach, he called
him _Veluti in Speculum_; Mr. Raikes dines with us on off days, and
always makes this joke everywhere), and a gothic window out of a
modern house in Russell-square. Well, sir, in this infernal place I
am obliged to be up every morning before nine (the butler has been
in the family twenty years, wears cotton stockings, and never washes
his feet); they allow no eggs, only cold meat for breakfast; there
is no regular housekeeper; my mistress's own maid is a dowdy, with
fingers like radishes unwashed, with squat nails, not nice; the two
housemaids absolute gorgons, and the coachman, who is admitted to the
privilege of _our_ servants' hall, a dreadful person, smelling of the
stable worse even than Mrs. Hopkins' batch. _Oh, Giovi Omnipotente!_
as the Dutch say, what am I to do?

A particularly ill-done dinner is put down about one; sometimes
coarse shoulders of mutton (a joint for which my cousin John left
the service of a noble lord in the Cabinet some years since), or
cold meat, or hashes, or perhaps that workhouse turbot, a brill, or
some skate, with very secondary butter for sauce. However, this I
could bear; but the carriage, built by some man nobody ever heard
of, is called to the door, the steps are so hard and stiff there is
hardly any pulling them down; my mistress having thick legs and no
daughters, makes things worse, and after having rammed and jammed an
infernal brass fist with a stick in it, which my master considers
elegant, by way of handle to his coach, till I get it fast, up I
mount and away we go, and anybody may see my calves in cotton (no
silk in the morning) shaking like elongated moulds of blancmange
all the way we rattle along,--all the fault of the builder, no
Leader, no Goddal, Baxter and Macklew, no Houlditch, but some goth
in Whitechapel. This I could bear; but will you believe it, sir?
my master drinks port wine at and after dinner, and enforces my
attendance in the room--what can I do?--no claret, no flirtations,
no look-out, sniffing the drift air of St. Giles's, and seeing
nothing but hackney-coaches. I cannot give up the place, although I
don't get more than a half-pay lieutenant in the navy after all;
but I am an oppressed man, I feel myself injured, and am, I confess,
discontented: if you would take me in hand, and recommend me to some
person of taste and judgment, I would go for half the money; but till
I am sure of another berth, I should be foolish to risk the bird
in hand. Will you say one word in your correspondence, or put in
my letter altogether? It may excite inquiry and compassion, and if
anybody wishes to communicate with me, any of the Highgate or Kentish
Town stages will bring the letter; for, upon my word, I hardly know
whether this district is within the range of the regular twopenny

  I am, Sir, yours in affliction,

To John Bull, Esq.


It happened on the 31st of March, 1926, that the then Duke and
Duchess of Bedford were sitting in their good but old house, No. 17,
Liberality-place (the corner of Riego-street), near to where old
Hammersmith stood before the great improvements, and, although it
was past two o'clock, the breakfast equipage still remained upon the

It may be necessary to state that the illustrious family in question,
having embraced the Roman Catholic faith (which at that period was
the established religion of the country), had been allowed to retain
their titles and honourable distinctions, although Woburn Abbey had
been long before restored to the Church, and was, at the time of
which we treat, occupied by a worshipful community of holy friars.
The duke's family estates in Old London had been, of course, divided
by the Equitable Convention amongst the numerous persons whose
distressed situation gave them the strongest claims, and his grace
and his family had been for a long time receiving the compensation
annuity allotted to his ancestors.

"Where is Lady Elizabeth?" said his grace to the duchess.

"She is making the beds, duke," replied her grace.

"What, again to-day?" said his grace. "Where are Stubbs, Hogsflesh,
and Figgins, the females whom, were it not contrary to law, I should
call the housemaids?"

"They are gone," said her grace, "on a sketching tour with the
manciple, Mr. Nicholson, and his nephew."

"Why are not these things removed?" said his grace, eyeing the
breakfast-table, upon which (the piece of furniture being of oak
without covering) stood a huge jar of honey, several saucers of
beet-root, a large pot of half cold decoction of sassafrage, and an
urn full of bean-juice, the use of cotton, sugar, tea, and coffee,
having been utterly abolished by law in the year 1888.

"I have rung several times," said the duchess, "and sent Lady Maria
up-stairs into the assistants' drawing-room to get some of them to
remove the things, but they have kept her, I believe, to sing to
them; I know they are very fond of hearing her, and often do so."

His grace, whose appetite seemed renewed by the sight of the still
lingering viands which graced the board, seemed determined to make
the best of a bad bargain, and sat down to commence an attack upon
some potted seal and pickled fish from Baffin's Bay and Behring's
Straits, which some of their friends who had gone over there to
pass the summer (as was the fashion of those times) in the East
India steamships (which always touched there) had given them; and
having consumed a pretty fair portion of the remnants, his favourite
daughter, Lady Maria, made her appearance.

"Well, Maria," said his grace, "where have you been all this time?"

"Mr. Curry," said her ladyship, "the young person who is good enough
to look after our horses, had a dispute with the lady who assists
Mr. Biggs in dressing the dinner for us, whether it was necessary
at chess to say check to the queen when the queen was in danger or
not. I was unable to decide the question, and I assure you I got so
terribly laughed at, that I ran away as fast as I could."

"Was Duggins in the assistants' drawing-room, my love?" said the duke.

"No," said Lady Maria.

"I wanted him to take a message for me," said his grace, in a sort of

"I'm sure he cannot go, then," said Lady Maria, "because I know he
is gone to the House of Parliament (there was but one at that time),
for he told the other gentleman who cleans the plate, that he could
not be back to attend at dinner, however consonant with his wishes,
because he had promised to wait for the division."

"Ah," sighed the duke, "this comes of his having been elected for

At this moment Lord William Cobbett Russell made his appearance,
extremely hot and evidently tired, having under his arm a largish

"What have you there, Willy?" said her grace.

"My new breeches," said his lordship;--"I have called upon the worthy
citizen who made them, over and over again, and never could get them,
for of course I could not expect him to send them, and he is always
either at the academy or the gymnasium: however, to-day I caught him
just as he was in a hot debate with a gentleman who was cleaning
his windows, as to whether the solidity of a prism is equal to the
product of its base by its altitude. I confess I was pleased to catch
him at home; but unluckily the question was referred to me, and not
comprehending it, I was deucedly glad to get off, which I did as
fast as I could, both parties calling after me--'There is a lord for
you--look at my lord!'--and hooting me in a manner which, however
constitutional, I cannot help thinking deucedly disagreeable."

At this period, what in former times was called a footman, named
Dowbiggin, made his appearance, who entered the room, as the duke
hoped, to remove the breakfast-things--but it was, in fact, to ask
Lady Maria to sketch in a tree in a landscape, which he was in the
course of painting.

"Dowbiggin," said his grace in despair, "I wish you would take away
these breakfast-things."

"Indeed!" said Dowbiggin, looking at the duke with the most ineffable
contempt--"you do--that's capital--what right have you to ask me to
do any such thing?"

"Why, Mr. Dowbiggin," said the duchess, who was a bit of a tartar in
her way--"his grace pays you, and feeds you, and clothes you, to----"

"Well, duchess," said Dowbiggin, "and what then? Let his grace show
me his superiority. I am ready to do anything for him--but please to
recollect I asked him yesterday, when I _did_ remove the coffee, to
tell me what the Altaic chain is called, when, after having united
all the rivers which supply the Jenisei, it stretches as far as the
Baikal lake--and what did he answer? he made a French pun, and said
'_Je ne sais pas, Dobiggin_'--now, if it can be shown by any statute
that I, who am perfectly competent to answer any question I propose,
am first to be put off with a quibble by way of reply; and secondly,
to be required to work for a man who does not know as much as I do
myself, merely because he is a duke, why, I'll do it; but if not, I
will resist in a constitutional manner such illiberal oppression, and
such ridiculous control, even though I am transported to Scotland for
it. Now, Lady Maria, go on with the tree."

"Willy," said the duke to his son, "when you have put away your
small-clothes, go and ask Mr. Martingale if he will be kind enough to
let the horses be put to our carriage, since the duchess and I wish
to go to mass."

"You need not send to Martingale," said Dowbiggin; "he is gone to the
Society of Arts to hear a lecture on astronomy."

"Then, Willy, go and endeavour to harness the horses yourself," said
the duke to his son, who instantly obeyed.

"You had better mind about those horses, sir," said Dowbiggin, still
watching the progress of his tree; "the two German philosophers and
Father O'Flynn have been with them to-day, and there appears little
doubt that the great system will spread, and that even these animals
which we have been taught to despise, will express their sentiments
before long."

"The sentiments of a coach-horse!" sighed the duchess.

"Thanks, Lady Maria," said Dowbiggin; "now I'll go to work merrily;
and, duke, whenever you can fudge up an answer to my question about
the Altaic chain, send one of the girls, and I'll take away the

Dowbiggin disappeared, and the duke, who was anxious to get
the parlour cleared (for the house, except two rooms, was all
appropriated to the assistants), resolved to inquire of his priest,
when he was out, what the proper answer would be to Dowbiggin's
question, which he had tried to evade by the offensive quibble, when
Lord William Cobbett Russell re-appeared, as white as a sheet.

"My dear father," cried his lordship, "it's all over now. The
philosophers have carried the thing too far; the chestnut mare swears
she'll be d--d if she goes out to-day."

"What," said the duke, "has their liberality gone to this--do horses
talk? My dear William, you and I know that asses have written before
this; but for horses to speak!"

"Perhaps, Willy," said the duchess, "it is merely yea and nay, or
probably only the female horses who talk at all."

"Yes, mother, yes," said her son, "both of them spoke; and not only
that, but Nap, the dog you were once so fond of, called after me to
say, that we had no right to keep him tied up in that dismal yard,
and that he would appeal to Parliament if we did not let him out.

"My dear duchess," said the duke, who was even more alarmed at the
spread of intelligence than her grace, "there is but one thing
for us to do--let us pack up all we can, and if we can get a few
well-disposed post-horses, before they get too much enlightened, to
take us towards the coast, let us be off."

What happened further, this historical fragment does not explain;
but it is believed that the family escaped with their clothes and
a few valuables, leaving their property in the possession of their
assistants, who, by extending, with a liberal anxiety (natural in men
who have become learned and great by similar means themselves), the
benefits of enlightenment, in turn gave way to the superior claims
of inferior animals, and were themselves compelled eventually to
relinquish happiness, power, and tranquillity in favour of monkeys,
horses, jackasses, dogs, and all manner of beasts.


We regret to see that a well-meaning gentleman of the name of Peter,
is trying to get up a second edition of the exploded Agnew absurdity.
Whatever the object of these efforts may be, it is clear that nothing
can more effectually tend to array the country in two classes against
each other,--the one of Atheists and Liberals, and the other of
Puritans and Fanatics.

How can a gentleman of honour, like Sir Andrew Agnew, prevail upon
himself--we are quite sure he is too independent to permit any other
person to prevail upon him--to declare in the House of Commons that
all classes of operatives are anxious for the closest restrictions
on the Sabbath which the House can enforce? It is not the case.
As far as working goes, the operatives are at this moment entirely
protected; no master can compel his journeymen to work on Sunday; and
as for menial servants, they are excepted out of the bill.


[_See Hook's travestie on another page._]]

Does Sir Andrew Agnew believe, or wish anybody else to believe, that
the operatives want to be "cribbed, cabined, and confined" on a
Sunday, debarred from their excursions to tea-gardens, their little
voyages upon the river, their social pipes and ale, or to have their
wives and sweethearts mulcted of their cakes and tea upon the only
day in the week in which they can enjoy them? Does he really mean
seriously to say that hard-working people, who for six consecutive
days have been shut up to labour and toil, in heated rooms, in
factories, or in gas-lit workshops, desire that they may be hindered
from breathing the pure air on the seventh?

And what to the poor--or, indeed, to the rich--is an excursion
without refreshment--without the enjoyment of the Sunday's dinner,
the weekly festival at which his family enjoy his society, and in
his society the treat of something "good to eat?" Why may not these
relations, if they prefer good air to bad, go to those "Ordinaries
on Sundays at two o'clock," which may be seen announced on every
sign-board round London? or why, if they prefer it, may they not
travel thither in chaises or other carriages, if they can afford it?
Whether this is sinful or not, Messrs. Agnew and Peter may perhaps
decide; but of this we are sure, that the operatives, except the
already benighted Puritan Radicals, must be, and are opposed, heart
and soul, to the monstrous restrictions which a couple of very small
men are endeavouring to bring them under, because they think it
right, and good, and wise.

The beneficial effects of the measure upon society may be guessed
from the following dialogue between Snip, a tailor, and Snob, a
shoemaker, living in the same house, each having a wife--one having a
child.--(_Time, Sunday morning._)

_Snip._ Vell, Snob, arn't you shaved? Vy, the bells is a-going for
Church--ye von't be ready in time.

_Snob._ Church--bless your heart, I can't go to church to-day--the
bill's come into play.

_Snip._ Ah! I know that to my cost.

_Snob._ How can I go to church? Ve used to send our bit of wittels
to the bakus, and then I and Sal used to go to church, and so give
Jenny Walker sixpence to mind the babby till we come back; then arter
dinner Sal and I and the babby used to go to Chalk Farm, as reglar
as clockwork, every blessed Sunday. She had a cup of the best bohea,
with milk hot from the cow--I smoked my pipe and had a pint of ale.
Little Jenny used to go to church in the arternoon, and come and jine
us, and so help bring babby back. Now we marn't get the things baked
at the bakus, and Jenny marn't come and earn sixpence by looking
arter the babby--so Sal has to cook the wittels, and I have to mind
the child--so there's no church for us.

_Snip._ My missus says she won't do no work Sundays, cause she's
afeard of her life of Bill Byers--so we avn't got a morsel of grub
for dinner, and neither of us knows where to get none--I won't go to
church with this here beard on, six days long; and Jim, him as is
the barber over the way, won't shave me for fear of the five pound
penalty, so I shall stop where I is.

_Snob._ Come along into our place--my Sal isn't so partic'lar--she's
read the hact itself, and swears she's a hexception--we got a line of
mutton, vith the kidney in it, and a peck of tatys--come along wi'
your old woman, and let's be jolly.

_Snip._ Jolly! Hark, Mr. S----, there's one on 'em over the
way--don't ye know 'em?--that's one o' Byers's boys--if he hears you
laugh to-day, two-pun-ten for you.

_Snob._ Peter's pence--eh?--well, if we maint speak of a Sunday in
the street, let's come in--ours, you know, is a back room, up two
pair--they can't hear us there--come along--I say, what shall we have
to drink?

_Snip._ There's nothing but vater for us as can't afford
vine--public-houses is shut--no sarving Sabbath-day.

_Snob._ Vell, never mind--ve'll try and cheat the old un. There are
cunninger dogs than the law-makers, and them is the law-breakers. Go
and ask missus to come and join us.

_Snip._ Oh, she'll come, and jump too; and I tells ye what--as we
know'd we could not have no heavy wet to-day, she got a couple of
bottles of Jacky, as will nourish us through the arternoon.

_Snob._ So it will, Bill; and we won't stir out at all. If we can't
have a drop o' short, or a swig o' heavy among the rurals in the
harbours--what's the country to us, we can't live upon hair?

_Snip._ No, not by no means. If I could but get my chin scraped, I'd
try and make myself comfortable.

_Snob._ Is barber Jem at home?

_Snip._ Yes, shut up in his back parlour a-making wigs, where nobody
can see him.

_Snob._ I tell ye vot, let's ax him to eat a bit of our mutton. He
han't got nobody to cook for him, poor buffer, so we'll ax him over;
and then if he brings his soap and a kipple of razors in his vestcoat
pockets, he can shave us two, just by way of amusement, while Sal's
getting the line ready.

_Snip._ Amusement!--that's quite gone out,--there's my poor missus,
who used to get from eighteen to four-and-twenty shillings a-week
a-manty making in Crambo Alley, can't get a stitch o' work to
do--nobody wears nothing now--they used only to put on their bits
of things onest a-week, to show 'em like, and now they marnt go out
a-pleasuring o' Sundays, they buys nothing.

_Snob._ Vell, come along up stairs, we'll have a day on it. please
the pigs; your two bottles of Jacky will last us till bed-time, and
I'll toss you up who pays for both--I'm not going to swelter out in
the sun to walk.

_Snip._ Nor I--I'll be with you in a twinkling, and when we have
got my missus and barber Jem, we'll just lock the door, and drink
confusion to the reformers.

For the sequel we have not room in detail. Snip, Snob, and
barber Jem, ensconced in their fast-hold, pass the Sabbath with
the females, in hidden intoxication and carefully-concealed
profligacy--drunkenness progresses. Barber Jem contributes from his
store over the way to the replenishment of the gin-bottle. Jealousy
grows out of familiarity: the women tear each other's caps, and
scratch each other's faces. Snob knocks Snip over the balusters, and
barber Jem is taken to the station-house dead-drunk.

In better society things will grow even worse. The mind restricted
to drudgery through the week must have relaxation at the end of it;
and the tradesmen and clerks, and their ladies, sweethearts, and
wives, have a right, in this Christian and civilized country, to
share the innocent pleasures of the male part of the creation on the
only day upon which they can properly enjoy them. What can be more
innocent than going to Richmond, walking upon the hill, or paddling
about by the water? What more agreeable or healthy than steaming to
Gravesend (where the animosity of the people towards the aristocracy
has recently been evinced by their conduct towards the Pier)? What
more natural than to eat and drink when arrived there?--No; that is
contrary to the law. What! of nature or nations!--No; of Agnew and
of Peter. Surely if young ladies are satisfied with soles and eels,
and ducks and peas, and sage and onions, and port wine and punch,
and such things as these, all eaten fairly and above-board at open
windows or in the open air, such persons as Peter and Agnew should
rejoice thereat. Confine them in London, deny them harmless gaiety,
pen them up with their lovers and friends, tell them they must not
stir out, and, like the Snips and Snobs of inferior life, they
will turn their thoughts into other channels, and soles and eels,
and ducks and peas, will shortly sink in their estimation, only,
however, to give place to a catalogue of other things too numerous
to mention in the short space of an advertisement.

Oh, if these Agnews and Peters would but be content to take man as
God has been pleased to make him, and allow him the free agency with
which the Divinity has invested him, how much more wisely would they
act! If they themselves believe that piety consists in eating cold
meat on Sundays, in avoiding carriages, in eschewing all sorts of
social conversation; if they see perdition in a plum-bun, and utter
destruction in a glass of mild ale, let them henceforth live on
frigid sheep, moan, mump, and be miserable, and fast, and grieve,
in direct opposition to the spirit and character of Christians,
observing the Protestant Sunday; but do not let them meddle with
matters which cannot concern them, and by their success in which they
would infallibly corrupt the body of the people, and endanger the
safety of the commonwealth.


At 15.--Dimpled cheeks, sparkling eyes, coral lips, and ivory
teeth--a sylph in figure. All anxiety for coming out--looks about her
with an arch yet timid expression, and blushes amazingly upon the
slightest provocation.

16.--Bolder and plumper--draws, sings, plays the harp, dines at table
when there are small parties--gets fond of plays, to which she goes
in a private box--dreams of a hero--hates her governess--is devoted
to poetry.

17.--Having no mother who values herself on her youth, is
presented by an aunt--first terrified, then charmed. Comes
out--Almack's--Opera--begins to flirt--selects the most agreeable
but most objectionable man in the room as the object of her
affections--he, eminently pleasant, but dreadfully poor--talks of
love in a cottage, and a casement window all over woodbine.

18.--Discards the sighing swain, and fancies herself desperately
devoted to a Lancer, who has amused himself by praising her
perfections. Delights in _fêtes_ and _déjeuners_--dances herself into
half a consumption. Becomes an intimate friend of Henry's sister.

19.--Votes Henry stupid--too fond of himself to care for her--talks
a little louder than the year before--takes care to show that she
understands the best-concealed _bon-mots_ of the French plays--shows
off her bright eyes, and becomes the centre of four satellites who
flicker round her.

20.--Begins to wonder why none of the sighers propose--gets a little
peevish--becomes a politician--rallies the Whigs--avows Toryism--all
women are Tories, except two or three who may be anything--gets
praised beyond measure by her party--discards Italian music, and
sings party songs--called charming, delightful, and "so natural."

21.--Enraptured with her new system--pursues it with redoubled
ardour--takes to riding constantly on horseback--canters every
day half-way to the House of Lords with the dear Earl, through
St. James's Park, by the side of her uncle--makes up parties and
excursions--becomes a comet instead of a star, and changes her
satellites for a Tail, by which she is followed as regularly as the
great Agitator is. Sees her name in the papers as the proposer of
pic-nics, and the patroness of fancy fairs.

22.--Pursues the same course--autumn comes--country-house--large
party of shooting men--juxtaposition--constant
association--sociability in the evening--sportive gambols--snug
suppers--an offer--which, being made by the only dandy she did not
care about in the _mêlée_, she refuses.

23.--Regrets it--tries to get him back--he won't come, but
marries a rich grocer's widow for her money. Takes to flirting
desperately--dresses fantastically--tries a new style of
singing--affects a taste--lives with the Italians, calls them divine
and charming--gets her uncle to give suppers.

24.--Thinks she has been too forward--retires, and becomes
melancholy--affects sentiment, and writes verses in an
Annual--makes acquaintances with the _savans_, and the authors and
authoresses--wonders she is not married.

25.--Goes abroad with her uncle and a delightful family--so kind and
so charming--stays the year there.

26.--Comes home full of new airs and graces--more surprised than ever
that she is still single, and begins to fancy she could live very
comfortably, if not in a cottage, at least upon a very moderate scale.

27.--Thinks the conversation of rational men infinitely preferable to

28.--Looks at matrimony as desirable in the way of an establishment,
in case of the death of her uncle--leaves off dancing
generally--talks of getting old.

29.--Same system--still ineffective--still talks of getting
aged--surprised that men do not laugh as they did, when she said so a
year or two before.

30.--Begins to inquire when a spinster becomes an old maid.

31.--Dresses more fantastically than ever--rouges a
little--country-house not so agreeable as it used to be--goes
everywhere in town--becomes good-natured to young girls, and joins in
acting charades and dumb proverbs.

32.--Hates balls, or, if she goes to them, likes to sit still and
talk to clever middle-aged gentlemen.

33.--Wonders why men of sense prefer flirting with girls to the
enjoyment of rational conversation with sensible women.

34.--Uncle dies--break-up of establishment--remains with her
aunt--feels old enough to go about without a chaperon.

35.--Takes to cards, where they are played--gives up harp,
pianoforte, and singing--beaten out of the field by her juniors.

36.--Quarrels with her cousin, who is just married to the prize
Marquess of the season--goes into Wales on a visit to a distant

37.--Returns to London--tries society--fancies herself neglected, and
"never goes out"--makes up little tea-parties at her aunt's--very
pleasant to everybody else, but never satisfactory to herself.

38.--Feels delight in recounting all the unhappy marriages she can
recollect--takes a boy out of an orphan-school, dresses him up in a
green jacket, with three rows of sugar-loaf buttons, and calls him a
page--patronizes a poet.

39.--Gets fractious--resolves upon making the best of it--turns
gourmand--goes to every dinner to which she either is or is not
invited--relishes port wine; laughs at it as a good joke--stays in
London all the year.

40.--Spasmodic--camphor-julep--a little more rouge--fancies herself
in love with a Captain in the Guards--lets him know it--he not
susceptible--she uncommonly angry--makes up a horrid story about him
and some poor innocent girl of her acquaintance--they are eternally
separated by her means--she happy.

41.--Takes to wearing "a front"--port wine gets more popular--avows
a resolution never to marry--who would sacrifice her liberty?--quite
sure she has seen enough of that sort of thing--Umph!

42.--Turns moralist--is shocked at the vices of the
world--establishes a school out of the produce of a fancy
fair--subscribes--consults with the rector--excellent man--he
endeavours to dissuade her from an extravagant course of proceeding
which she has adopted--her regard turns to hate, and she puts herself
under the spiritual guidance of a Ranter.

43.--Learns the Unknown Tongues, and likes them--sees none of her
old friends--continues during the whole season enveloped in her new
devotions.--Her page, having outgrown his green inexpressibles, is
dismissed at the desire of her new pastor.

44.--Renounces the Oly Oly Bom school of piety, and gets a pug and
a poodle--meets the man she refused when she was two-and-twenty--he
grown plump and jolly, driving his wife and two great healthy-looking
boys, nearly men, and two lovely girls, nearly women--recollects
him--he does not remember her--wishes the family at Old Nick--comes
home and pinches her poodle's ears.

45.--Returns to cards at the Dowager's parties, and smells to snuff
if offered her.

46.--Her aunt dies.

47.--Lives upon her relations; but by the end of the season feels
assured that she must do something else next year.

48.--Goes into the country and selects a cousin, plain and
poor--proposes they should live together--scheme succeeds.

49.--Retires to Cheltenham--house in a row near the
promenade--subscribes to everything--takes snuff and carries a
box--all in fun--goes out to tea in a fly--plays whist--loses--comes
back at eleven--camphor julep, and to bed--but not to sleep.

50.--Finds all efforts to be comfortable unavailing--vents all her
spleen upon her unhappy cousin, and lavishes all her affections upon
a tabby cat, a great, fat, useless Tommy, with a blue riband and a
bell round its neck. And there, so far as I have traced it, ends my
Spinster's progress up to fifty.


SIR,--We hear a great deal of the licentiousness of the press, and I
am not disposed to say that there may not be some good grounds for
the complaint; but I beg to assert that, to my own knowledge, much
is charged to the account of the licentiousness which is, in truth,
only attributable to the errors of the press; and I have had the
mortification to see articles of the most innocent information, from
my own pen, conveyed to the public with all the colour of libels, by
the mere mistake of a single letter.

For instance, I had occasion to report that a certain "noble lord was
confined to his house with a violent cold;" next morning, I found
that this innocuous piece of intelligence was metamorphosed into a
direct inroad on the peace of a noble family, by representing his
lordship as being "confined with a violent scold." In the same way,
on the occasion of a recent entertainment given by a noble leader of
fashion, I had said, very truly, "that, amidst the festivities, the
first point of attraction and admiration were her ladyship's looks:"
this deserved compliment was changed by the printer into a satire
on the whole company, as if the chief point of attraction had been
"her ladyship's cooks." In a description of the regatta at Cowes, I
was made to represent a lady of fashion as having formed a hasty and
ill-assorted match "with a boy," when, in fact, I had only said that
the Lady Louisa had, indeed, broken adrift, but had "luckily, before
any mischief was done, been made fast to a buoy."

When I reported that "Lord A. had entertained Colonel B., Major C.,
the Hon. Mr. D., and a few other fashionable friends at dinner," I
little expected to find these gentlemen represented as a company
of "fashionable fiends." At the particular request of an eminent
coachmaker, I mentioned that a noble person, well known for his
good taste in equipages, and who happens to have a large and fine
family, had launched "a new green cab;" but judge of my horror at
seeing it stated, that "his lordship had, this season, brought out
another green cub." And I have lately had the misfortune of being the
involuntary cause of what is called a hoax upon the public: having
announced that Lord K. had made a bet that he would "trot a mile" on
the Harrow Road in three minutes, an immense crowd assembled, and
was ready to proceed to outrage because his lordship did not "trot a
mule," as the printer's error had led them to expect.

Of a more serious kind are the injuries done to private individuals,
which no one deplores more than I--the innocent cause of them. I
was once employed to recommend to public attention the astonishing
talents and performances of that musical wonder "The infant Lyra."
I did my best; but the printer gave the whole a most unhappy and
malicious appearance by making me, by the transposition of a letter,
attribute all these prodigies to "the Infant Lyar." On a late
occasion, one of the papers talked of "the general satisfaction
given by the royal lump." This looked like a brutal allusion to the
temporary illness of an illustrious duke. The truth was, Mr. Editor,
that I myself penned that paragraph for an ingenious artist in Bond
Street, in order to recommend an improved kind of argand, which he
denominated the "Royal Lamp;" and I never can sufficiently regret the
injustice done to the gallant General Saldanha, who, in an account of
his conduct at Oporto, which I drew up under his own eye, was stated
to have "behaved like a hero;" but when it came to be printed, it
unhappily appeared as if the general had "behaved like a hare."

What I wrote of "the Horticultural fête" was altered into "the
Horticultural fate," as if there was a destiny affecting all the
entertainments of that society. When the late Mr. Canning offered
Lord F. the office of "Secretary of State," the public were led by a
mere transposition of the letters, to believe that a new office was
to be instituted under the title of "Secretary of Taste;" and what
gave the more effect to this mistake was the noble lord's admitted
fitness for the latter office. I once ventured to bear my humble
testimony to the assiduous attendance of a certain reverend dean on
the "Minster," but had the mortification to find myself insinuating
blame against the worthy divine, for his assiduous attendance on
the "Minister;" and what was still worse, having to communicate the
deserved elevation of "Doctor Jebb" to an Irish mitre, I was made
to announce that "Doctor Jobb" was to be the new Irish Bishop. I
remember reporting the case of a poor French lady, who "appeared
at Bow Street with her pug-dog in her arms," but the printer most
ungallantly stated the fair stranger to have appeared "with a pig in
her arms;" and on the next day of her attendance a vast crowd had
assembled to look at this extraordinary pet, and the poor Frenchwoman
narrowly escaped being pelted for disappointing their expectations.
In something the same way, a respectable tradesman in Oxford
Street has had his shop-windows broken, to the loss of near ten
pounds, because, having invited the public to inspect his extensive
assortment of a fine manufacture called "linos," the printer chose
"to invite the public to inspect a large assortment of the finest

I am, sir, a warm friend of his Majesty's Government (for the time
being), and cannot but deeply feel that even my political views
are sometimes distorted. Amongst the benefits to be expected from
recent measures in Ireland, I had enumerated the "increase of
tillage,"--this was changed into increase of "pillage," and copied
into all the ultra-Tory papers; and when I said that these same
measures of conciliation would induce every loyal and well-disposed
subject to unite "in quieting Ireland," it was perverted into a
sneer, as if all loyal and well-disposed subjects should unite "in
quitting Ireland."

Pray, sir, do me the justice to lay this explanatory letter before
the public; above all, let it be correctly printed.

  I am, sir, your humble servant,

We very often suffer in a similar manner. About two years since,
we represented Mr. Peel as having joined a party of "fiends" in
Hampshire for the purpose of shooting "peasants;" and only last week,
in a Scotch paper, we saw it gravely stated that a "surgeon" was
taken alive in the river, and sold to the inhabitants at 6d. and 10d.
per lb.


It is said that a certain place not mentionable to "ears polite" is
paved with "good intentions." Whether it will ever be macadamized
(for that, I believe, is the term for "unstoning," now fast gaining
ground, as I am looking over my paper, which, in all probability,
everybody else will overlook) I cannot pretend to say; but certain it
is, that although I was beyond measure mortified by the results of
the Twickenham prank, my exclusion from the society of the Miss Dods,
and my absolutely necessary escape from an association with them, I
was very soon reconciled to my fate after the arrival of Devil Daly
(as I used subsequently to call him) at my lodgings in Suffolk Street.

The instant he had been dislodged from the cottage by the appearance
of the young ladies whose family he had so seriously outraged on the
previous evening, instead of walking his horse back to Smart's, at
the Toy, at Hampton Court, he cantered up to visit me in London; not
so much from any particular affection for me, but because, although
himself the victim, there was something so exciting and delightful
to him in a joke, that he could not deny himself the pleasure of
narrating to me the history of the arrival of the sylphs, and his
extraordinary ruse of the bleeding nose. I never saw him in higher
spirits, and, _quoad_ my resolutions, I could not, for the life of
me, refuse to join him in a stroll about town, which, although the
season was somewhat advanced, was yet agreeably full, with a pledge
to dine with him somewhere afterwards.

In those days clubs were scarce, although _then_ hearts were plenty;
there were no clubs of note at that period but White's, Brookes's,
and Boodle's. To be sure, there was the Cocoa Tree, and there was
Graham's, but the number of members was small, the system confined,
and therefore, although Daly and I were as proud as Lucifer, and as
"fine as fine could be," men had no resource when they wished to
enjoy the "feast of reason and the flow of soul"--the one in the
shape of a cutlet, and the other in the tapering form of a bottle of
claret--but to repair to a coffee-house, a place which, I find, is
now (I speak while I am arranging my papers) obsolete--a dear, nice,
uncomfortable room, with a bar opening into it, a sanded floor, an
argand lamp smoking a tin tray in the middle of its ceiling, boxes
along its sides, with hard carpet-covered benches, schoolboy tables,
and partitions, with rods, and rings, and curtains, like those of a
churchwarden's pew in a country church.

I selected Dejex's, at the corner of Leicester Place. Attention and
civility, a good _cuisine_, and good wine, formed its particular
attractions, and the courteous attention of "mine host" gave a new
zest to his cookery and his claret. I own I love attention and
civility--not _that_ which seems to be extracted by dint of money,
or by force of the relative situations of guest and landlord, but
that anxious desire to please, that consideration of one's little
peculiarities, and that cheerfulness of greeting which, even if it be
assumed, is always satisfactory. To Dejex's we resolved to go, and
having "secured our box" and taken our stroll, we found ourselves
seated and served by a little after six o'clock.

There was something irresistibly, practically, engaging about Daly,
and I never felt more completely assured of the influence over me
of a man with whom I had been so short a time acquainted, than I
was when I found myself again--in the course of eight and forty
hours--associated with him in a place which, of all others, was
the most likely to afford him some opportunity of exhibiting his
eccentricities; for the company consisted in a great degree of
_emigrés_ of the ancient _régime_, who, until the master-hand of
Wellington was raised to cut the Gordion knot of their difficulties,
which negotiation had for years in vain attempted to untwist,
"had made England the asylum for their persecuted race." Yet,
however much their misfortunes--the natural results of anarchy and
revolution--might excite our sympathies and demand our assistance,
some of them, it must be admitted, were, to our then unaccustomed
eyes, extremely strange specimens of humanity; they were what Mr.
Daly, in his peculiar phraseology, called "uncommon gigs;" and one
very venerable _ci-devant_ marquis, who wore spectacles, the said
Daly, as he advanced up the room, somewhat too loudly, I thought,
pronounced to be "a gig with lamps."

However, we got through dinner, and had safely demolished our
admirable _omelette soufflée_ without any outbreaking on the part of
my mercurial companion; the coffee-room began to thin, and I began to
be more at my ease than before, when Daly proceeded to recount some
of his adventures, which proved to me that, however deeply the scene
of the preceding day at Twickenham might have impressed itself on
_me_, it was to _him_ a "trifle light as air."

"But how," said I, "shall I ever reconcile the Dods? I am destined to
meet those people; you are not."

"I was destined to meet them this morning," replied Daly, "and, if it
had not been for this 'bleeding piece of earth,'" laying hold of his
nose, "I could not well have escaped; but for you, rely upon it, it
will all turn out right. In a week they will have utterly forgotten

"What," said I, "will Fanny so soon lose all recollection of me?"

"To be sure she will," said Daly. "As somebody says,

      'Fancy's visions, like the sand,
        Every idle mark receive;
      Lines are traced by every hand,
        Which no lasting impress leave.'"

"But _her_ hand," said I.

"You took and shook," replied he, "and very wisely too; but recollect
it was nearly dark when we made our exit."

"And you insulted the father----"

"----who first affronted _me_," said Daly; "and even if the girls
_did_ know me this morning, and recognise me as assistant clerk
to the deputy-assistant surveyor of the Paddington Canal Company,
the deuce is in it if the whole family must not respect me as a
high-minded, honourable, and conscientious assistant clerk."

"Yes, but it was quite light enough when we arrived," said I, "to see
them and their beauties; why not light enough for them to see our

"Deformities!" said Daly; "speak for yourself, Mr. Gurney; women
don't care so much for men's beauty as you may suppose. Here am
I--plain, but genteel, like a Wedgwood teapot--I make my way, and
whatever you may think of yourself and Miss Fanny, I flatter myself
Gussy, as her ma' called her, was equally well pleased with your
humble servant."

"And yet we may never see either of them again," said I.

"I am not so sure of that," said Daly; "I have done worse to a father
than I did to Dod in the course of my life, and yet have come to be
domesticated in the family afterwards."

"As how?" said I.

"Some three years since," said Daly, "I was down at my friend's
Sir Marmaduke Wrigglesworth's, in Surrey--charming place--nice
wife--excellent shooting--capital cook--and inexhaustible cellars.
'Marmaduke,' said I, 'I hate battues; here you have a party staying
for the wholesale slaughter of pheasants--eleven double barrels all
of a row--more chance of homicide than sport; do me the kindness to
let me off, and permit me to "range the fields" by myself, and I
will consent to be laughed at for my small gains when the card comes
in before dinner.' 'Do as you like,' said Wrigglesworth; 'this is
Liberty Hall; shoot alone or in company--with dogs or without--have
the keeper or not--_comme il vous plaira_.' Accordingly, away I went,
more eager for the sport, as having to render an account of my single
exploits, young enough to do my day's work well, and strong enough
to bring my day's work home. I admit I was not quite so well pleased
with what I saw, or rather what I did not see, as I went on: birds
were scarce, wild, and shy, and I did not get a shot for the first
hour, except at a venerable rabbit, who had retired from public life,
but who had somewhat incautiously left his tail out of the burrow
which he had selected for his final retreat; at him I went, and he
died--first tenant of my bag."

"A tenant in tail," said I, punning professionally.

"Well, sir," continued Daly, who never stopped for anybody, "on I
went, until at last, after three hours' ploughing and plodding,
I fell in with one of the nicest little snug copses you ever set
your eyes on. In I went--whurr went the pheasants--bang went the
barrels--down came the birds--and, by the time I had crossed the
copse, three cocks and--_heu mihi!_--two hens graced my store."

"Pretty sport for the time," said I.

"No sooner, however," said Daly, "had I emerged from the thicket,
than I found myself upon a sort of parkish-looking lawn, on the rise
of which stood a very respectable house, at the door of which I could
distinguish a group of persons standing, and from the court-yard of
which I saw some sort of servant leading forth a stout short-legged
pony, with a thick neck and a stumpy tail--evidently master's
favourite--equal to fourteen stone, warranted never to shy, trip, or
stumble. Upon its back did I see a portly gentleman bestride himself,
and forthwith begin to canter towards me, followed at a somewhat
splitting pace by two keepers on foot, each armed either with guns or
sticks, which I could not easily distinguish."

"I foresee," said I.

"So did I," said Daly; "the moment I saw the governor coming full
tilt, I knew I had been trespassing, and the moment I stepped upon
his infernal lawn, felt that I had put my foot into it."

"Well," said I, "what happened?"

"Why," continued Daly, "I standing still, and he moving somewhat
rapidly, the elder of the two had the best of it, and I was very soon
within six inches of his cob's nose, and within about half a yard of
his own. 'You are a pretty fellow, sir,' said the irate gentleman,
'to come poaching and killing the birds in my preserves, close to my
house--why, what the devil are you thinking of, you rascal? Here,

"'Sir,' said I, 'I am extremely sorry----'

"'Sorry,' interrupted Mr. Bagswash--(for such was the gentleman's
name)--'sorry, yes, and well you may be sorry; Botany Bay is too good
for a fellow like you, sir. Lay hands on him.'

"'One moment, sir,' said I, 'I am a gentleman.' Whereupon Squire
Bagswash and his keepers burst into an unseemly fit of laughing.

"'A pretty gentleman too,' said Bagswash.

"'I thank you, sir,' said I, 'I don't want compliments, I only want
a hearing. I am staying on a visit at Sir Marmaduke Wrigglesworth's,
and here is my card.' Saying which I produced--from what I happened
by the merest but luckiest accident in the world to have about me, my
card-case--my visiting ticket.

"'Young man,' said my opponent, having read it, 'is this genuine? My
name, sir, is Bagswash; I am personally known to Sir Marmaduke. Is
what you are saying true?'

"'Sir,' said I, 'I am not accustomed to have my word doubted. I
admit, that not being perfectly acquainted with the boundaries of
the Wrigglesworth property, I have transgressed and trespassed. I
am sorry for it; and sorry that you should have so far forgotten
yourself as to use language which, I am quite sure, in a more
temperate mood you would regret.'

"'Sir,' said Bagswash, half doubting, and certainly more than half
fearing me, 'I don't know that I have used any strong expressions,

"'Rascal, I think,' said I, bowing profoundly.

"'If I did, I--really,' said Bagswash, 'I--might--but I was
irritated--sir, this is my manor.'

"'Why, sir,' said I, 'as to your manner, I _do_ think it might have
been a little more courteous--I----'

"'Yes, sir,' said my antagonist, who evidently was anxious to justify
his coarseness and vulgarity, 'but--the manor, I mean--for I can't
pun, sir, and I hate puns, sir; the manor, I mean, costs me a very
large sum annually--a very large sum indeed, sir, to preserve; and
therefore when I see what I conceive to be a poacher immediately
under my nose, actually in my homestead--upon my lawn, I may
say--shooting right and left, it _does_ put me in a passion, and I
own I was warm, and perhaps hasty; but it _is_ a provocation, and I
should like to know, under all the circumstances, what _you_ yourself
would say if you were _me_ at this moment?'

"'Say, sir!' said I; 'I haven't the smallest hesitation about that,
sir. If I were _you_ at this moment, I should say,--"Mr. Daly, I beg
your pardon for the hasty way in which I spoke when I thought you
a poacher; and, in order to show that although passionate I am not
vindictive, I hope, as it is just luncheon-time, and you must have
walked a long way and haven't had very good sport, that you will do
me and Mrs. Bagswash the favour to come in and take a cutlet, or a
little cold meat, as the case may be, and make up our differences
with a glass or two of wine."

"'By Jove,' cried Bagswash, 'you are a queer fellow--the very spit of
your father, whom I knew before I retired to these parts.'

"'Oh,' whispered one of the keepers to the other, 'master does know
him--he _had_ a father.'

"'Oh,' said the other; and they both immediately lowered their sticks
to the ground.

"'And,' continued the squire, 'you have only just anticipated me
in an invitation, except that I apprehended some more serious
requisition on _your_ part.'

"'Not a bit, sir,' said I; 'there are a vast many gentlemen in the
world who don't look like gentlemen, and the shooting jacket and
gaiters equalise appearances so much, that Nature must have done a
vast deal to give a man an aristocratic appearance under so rough a
husk--but as to any meeting, except at your hospitable table, I have
not the slightest wish for it. In my opinion, sir, one luncheon is
preferable to two balls.'

"'Ah!' said Bagswash, 'I am glad o' that, in spite of your pun. Run
up, Stephens, and tell them to get luncheon as soon as possible. Mr.
Daly, a friend of Sir Marmaduke Wrigglesworth, is coming to join our
family party.'"

"Well, Daly," said I, "there your presence of mind served you well."

"Hear the sequel," said Daly. "Encouraged by the acquiescence of
Bagswash, as I was yesterday by the invitation of Dod, I proceeded
towards the house, placing, ever and anon, my hand on the neck of his
cob, or the pommel of the saddle, in order to mark to the distant
group the familiar nature of our acquaintance; and in this fashion
we reached the mansion, upon the steps of which a bevy of graces, in
number more like the Muses, welcomed us. I _had_ a reputation even
then, and the moment the girls had heard who was coming, they made up
their minds to mirth--even the big Mrs. Bagswash rolled herself into
the hall, like a fillet of veal upon castors, to do me honour.

"Bating the parents," continued Daly, "I never saw a more
prepossessing family. I forget all their names; but one was slim and
sylph-like, another plump and pleasant, a third a wicked-looking
brunette, a fourth a demure and bashful blonde: all I felt as I
entered the house was, that if I had brought eight friends with me, I
might, by giving each his choice, have had some one of the 'tuneful
nine' left entirely to myself."

"And," said I, "were you the only man?"

"No," replied Daly, "there were two yahoos, in white cord breeches
and leather gaiters, and a boy with a frill and a frock, upon which
a favourable eruption of brass sugar-loaf buttons had taken place; a
Dr. Somebody, who turned out to be the nearest apothecary; and a very
pale, long-legged youth, the curate of the parish."

"A largeish luncheon-party," said I.

"Well," said Daly, "I sat down, having first very much ingratiated
myself with old Bagswash, who was as chary of his pheasants as if
they had been of the golden breed, by insisting upon it that his man
Stephens should disencumber my bag of the birds which I had shot
on his land, retaining my solitary rabbit, in order to grace my
tale when I reached Wrigglesworth; and there I found myself placed
between mine hostess, and number one of the daughters--a very nice,
pretty thing--not what one should call well set up, but Nature, as
I said about gentlemen to her papa, had done a great deal for her;
poor thing, how I pitied her!--and pity is akin to love. So, after
luncheon, and _some_ wine, do _you_ know, Gurney, I almost began to
subside into a tenderer feeling. But then, one of nine!"

"Well, and how did it end?" said I.

"Why," replied Daly, "it would have ended, I have no doubt, as
prosperously as it begun, had not my new friend, Bagswash, committed
himself by begging me to drink some London Particular Madeira--Duff,
Murphy, Gordon, or something of that sort. The moment I tasted it
I knew what it was, and, rather elated by circumstances, and my
other previous libations, I had the temerity to address the dear,
interesting, white-necked creature next me, and, in a tone of
confidential condolence, begged her not to be deceived, for that
although her amiable papa might be a judge of other things, he
evidently knew nothing of wine, and that the stuff he called 'London
Particular' was neither more nor less than infernally bad Teneriffe.

"The male Bagswash was unconscious of the imputation, but the queen
B. overheard me, and, looking towards what might literally be called
her open countenance, I saw symptoms of fire breaking out, and in
less than a minute afterwards the domestic Proserpine exclaimed
'Come, girls, let us go--too much of your _pa's_ Tenreefe will do you
a mischief.' Up she got, and out she wheeled herself, and the moment
she set the example, away went the nine she Bagswashes, like so many
goslings after the maternal goose.

"I," continued Daly, "regretted the retreat, for I had had an
opportunity to insinuate myself, and never saw an audience more
thoroughly prepared to be gratified; indeed, so convinced were they,
from what they had heard of me, that I was a vastly agreeable person,
and talked epigrams, that when, while they were all sitting with
their ears open to catch my _facetiæ_, I happened to observe (the
first observation I had made, too, and that, in reply to a question
of the big Bagswash) that I thought mustard went remarkably well
with cold boiled beef, they all burst out into an immoderate fit of
laughter; and the doctor, who had been tutored into a belief in my
superlative wit, exclaimed, 'Oh, oh, that's too bad!' which every
fool cries out, either when he thinks a thing remarkably good, or
does not comprehend it in the least, which last was the case--as
indeed it was with all the rest of the party--with my new-found
medical friend."

"Did you contrive," said I, "to affront the rest of the company
before you quitted it?"

"Not all of them," said Daly; "no; I believe I got off pretty well,
but evidently the worse for wear; for, Teneriffe or not Teneriffe,
it is my maxim to stick to the wreck as long as she floats, and as
long as I could get anybody to sit, I staid; the curate and the boy
with the frill went with the ladies, but Bagswash and the parish
Paracelsus remained. However, at last, seeing all the bottles
empty, and no disposition on the part of Baggy to replenish, I
made a move, and never did I see a man more happy at having got
out of a scrape than mine host. He sent his kindest regards to
the Wrigglesworths--hoped to see me soon again--did I know my road
home? In short, I cannot enumerate the civilities he heaped upon me,
which, considering his respect for my friend Sir Marmaduke, and the
fact of his having nine unmarried daughters, I duly appreciated, and
forthwith bent my way homewards."

"Glad, I should think," said I, "to be safe out."

"On the contrary," said Daly, "I should like to have remained
where I was; if it had not been for the anger of the respectable
cat-of-nine-tails about the Teneriffe, it would have been a very
agreeable domicile. However, once started, onwards I went, rejecting,
indignantly, the offer of Bagswash to send a man to show me the
way;--nothing I hate so much; as if a man who had followed his nose
into a place could not follow his nose out of it."

"I trust," said I, "that your intrepidity was crowned with success?"

"Rather crippled," replied Daly, "as you shall hear; however, there
are two ends to my story, or, rather, a story and a sequel."

"Pray go on," said I, knowing that so long as his breath lasted, his
tongue would wag, as a cherry-clapper does while the wind blows.

"Gad, sir," said he, "I walked off--I admit the Teneriffe to have
been potent--and I thought of one thing, and another thing, and
I believe I thought of all the things in the world, except the
way which I was going. They say, you know, some men have every
sense but common sense--my case to a hair. Common sense is like
flour; the other sort of sense is like sugar and gilding, and all
the rest of those things--beautiful to adorn a cake and embellish
the _pâtisserie_, but, without the flour, mere ornaments; now,
without the ornaments, the flour will make bread. I never had the
flour--never shall have. So you perceive that the sugar and the
flummery being my staple, on I went and went, until I began to
think I had missed my way, and just then I found myself stopped by
a gate opening into--or, rather, shutting me out of--a remarkably
well-stocked farm-yard--ricks, stacks, stables, barns--everything
comfortable and convenient; with half a million cocks and hens,
walking about like ladies and gentlemen, all as happy as happy could
be. Over the gate I stepped, waded my way through the straw, and,
leaning over the hatch of one of his outhouses, who should I see but
the farmer himself. As I advanced, he touched his hat, and civilly
asked whether I had had much sport?

"'Not much,' said I, recollecting that the whole contents of my bag
now amounted to one elderly rabbit, with a Cape tail; 'I am on my way
to Wrigglesworth, and out of it, too, as I think. How far have I to

"'Seven miles, I count,' said the farmer. 'You are coming right away
from it, sir. Wrigglesworth lies over there, on your left.'

"'Thank you,' said I, 'thank you. If you will just give me a sort
of concise direction,--I am a dab at topography. Merely give me the
points, and I'll go across a country I never saw in my life before.'

"'Well, sir,' said the kind fellow, 'if so be as that is the case,
I'll tell you. When you get out of the gate down there, turn to your
left, and keep on straight till you come to Pussy's Nob; then away
to the right, over Sumpter's Green, and you'll soon see the Crooked
Billet. Don't go near that, but turn short round by Wheatley's Copse;
keep on, till you come to the stile on your left; go over that,
through Timsbury's Lane, and that will bring you out by the Three
Mackerel, and there they'll be sure to put you in the right road.'

"'Thank you,' said I to the farmer, 'I will follow your instructions
most implicitly; but I suppose I shall have no chance of getting a
shot, now, in that direction--even at a pheasant-roosting--eh?'

"'No, sir,' said the farmer, 'can't say as how I think you will get
many more shots this evening.'

"'Well,' said I, 'now both my barrels are loaded. I've got nothing in
my bag but an old buck rabbit with a nob tail; and as I hate going
home with no proofs of my sport, and the one head--or tail--that I
have bagged takes the domestic character, what shall I give you to
have a shot with both barrels at all those ducks in the pond, and
the fowls on the side of it, standing here, and to carry away what I

"'You'll kill a woundy sight on 'em, I think, at that distance,' said
the considerate farmer.

"'Perhaps yes--perhaps no,' said I.

"'And to have all you kill?' said he, doubtingly.

"'Yes; all I kill fairly out-and-out,' said I.

"'Why, you shall give me half-a-guinea,' said the man.

"'Half-a-guinea!' echoed I. 'No, no; if I kill three or four of them
it will be the outside. No; I'll tell you what I'll do. I'll stand
here--won't move an inch; and you shall have a seven-shilling piece
for the slaughter.'

"'Well, sir,' said the farmer, hitching up his lower garments, 'a
bargain's a bargain. Hand over the twine.'

"Whereupon," said Daly, "I tipped him that beautiful miniature
portrait of half-a-guinea, and told him I was ready to take my shots.
He nodded assent; and, having pocketed the money, bade me proceed. I
did so. Crack went one barrel--bang! slap went the other--bang!--and
such a fluttering, and cackling, and squashing, and squabbling you
never heard. I ran forward, and secured, as my spoil, four hens
in high condition, a very respectable cock, fit companion for my
rabbit; and from the pond fished, with the butt-end of my Manton,
two extremely corpulent ducks, who had paid the debt of nature in
the most decided manner; these I got out, the others I got up, and
stuffed them all incontinently into my bag, delighted to think what
a display I should make at Wrigglesworth, where it was quite clear I
could, by no possibility, arrive in time for dinner. However, that
was _my_ joke, and it seemed to be the farmer's; he laughed quite as
much as I did."

"Inherent good humour, I suppose," said I.

"Why, as for that," said Daly, "_you_ shall judge. I bagged my birds
in the first instance; and then, having secured my booty, began to
rally my victim; and having acknowledged his civility in giving me my
travelling directions, said to him, with a low bow, 'Thank you for
the game, sir.'

"'Yes, sir,' said the farmer, 'you are a deuced sight better shot
than I counted upon, considering what you had in your bag afore.'

"'Yes,' said I, 'I think you are what you may call "done." Seven
shillings won't pay for the poultry in my pouch, I guess.'

"'No,' said the farmer, 'nor three times the money, I count.'

"'Well, then,' replied I, 'I think I have the best of the bargain.'

"'Not much,' said the man.

"'Not much!' cried I; 'why, a guinea's worth of fowls for a
seven-shilling piece----'

"'Yees, sir, that's true,' said the fellow, turning slowly away from
the hatch, and grinning as he turned; '_but they are none on 'em

"I could have killed him for his roguery; but there was so much fun
in it----"

"----So much in your own way," cried I.

"Exactly so," said Daly; "that, instead of breaking his head, which
he most righteously deserved, I joined in his infernal horse-laugh,
and made the best of my way out of the farm-yard, lest I should be
immediately apprehended by the right owner as a robber of hen-roosts."

"And," said I, "you carried home your spoils."

"Not I," exclaimed my unstoppable companion. "Take some wine--help
yourself--and listen; for the sequel is most terrible. I had _such_ a
night of it!"

"How?" said I.

"Why," said Daly, "out of the gate I went, turned to my left, and got
to Pussy's Nob; but it began to get dusk, and very soon afterwards
dark; and when I began veering away over Sumpter's Green, I found
myself on a wide common, without path, guide, or guide-post. As the
darkness increased, so did the declivity; and when I had lost all
power of seeing, I was gratified by feeling myself in a sort of
quagmire, which, for all I knew, might get softer and thicker every
step I took. I looked out for the stars, and saw a few: but they
were of no kind of use to me; for I had not the slightest idea what
direction, even under their guidance, I ought to take. I resolved to
avoid the bogs; and kept edging away, until I at length reached a
gap, which, as it led off the infernal common, I hoped might lead me
to some habitation."

"Where spring-guns and steel-traps were set every night," said I.

"Not a bit of it," said Daly. "I went on, following my nose, until I
found myself at the edge of a copse, which I began to think looked
extremely like Squire Bagswash's preserve. However, it was not
_that_; but I heard people talking at no great distance, and a call
of 'Halloo!' How to act I did not exactly know, with a gun and a
bagfull of cocks and hens, and a venerable rabbit to boot. What could
I do? To have answered the call would have been to be detected as a
poacher in the dark. I resolved, at all events, on getting rid of
my poultry in the first instance, and accordingly emptied my store,
rabbit, tail, and all, and proceeded somewhat more gaily after having
thrown out my ballast; yet not without some apprehension, either of
being shot by the keepers for a poacher, or by the poachers for a
keeper; I so got clear of the whistling firs and moaning larches as
fast as I could, still utterly ignorant of my course."

"And getting late," said I.

"It must then have been past eight," said Daly. "On I trudged;
scrambled over the furrows of one field, and through the turnips in
another; and so on and on, until at last I was forced to sit myself
down on a gate and rest; and, I give you my word, although I have
known a great deal of the world, I never was so dead beat in my
life as I was then. Not a house could I see. The glimmering of a
rushlight in a cottage window would, in my eyes, have been thrice
more brilliant than the whole regalia of England collected. But no:
there were no cottages--no rushlights; and I do believe I went the
length of swearing at my own stupidity in undertaking my solitary
excursion. Only one set-off was there to the whole thing;--I had
seen the Bagswashes, male and female, and laid in materials for an
_historiette_ for the next evening--that is, if I really survived
the present one; but I began to feel cold, and hungry, and thirsty.
However, it appeared pretty certain that out of the fields I must
get, if I went straight on end, and could not well fail of fetching
up in a road somewhere at last."

"Which, as you are here alive to tell the tale," said I, "of course
you did."

"Why, yes," said Daly, "I did; but it was not for a long time; and
then I had come to a full stop; and, striking the butt of my Manton
on the ground, I swore, by stock and barrel, that I would not budge
from under a huge tree which overshadowed me till daylight came to
my aid. I was ravenous--I was chilled--I was wretched--I was tired
to death; but why tire myself more?--and accordingly, feeling, and I
daresay looking, very like the dear Don of La Mancha, I sat myself
down with my back against the trunk, and, if you'll believe me, fell
fast asleep."

"Asleep!" said I.

"Fast as a church," said Daly, "and dreamt--dreamt, first, that I
was starving,--_that_, I think, must have been a sort of waking
vision; then, that I was at a ball; and then I dreamt of being safe
back at mine host's hospitable mansion; and then I had a confused,
hurly-burly kind of a dream, either that I was Sir Marmaduke
Wrigglesworth, or that Lady Wrigglesworth was Mrs. Daly, or something
of that sort, and that I tumbled out of bed, which tumble was to
me a 'dying fall;' for I rolled over on my side, and woke--in no
bed--in no house, but where I had lain me down, under the tree

"You must have caught your death of cold?" said I.

"No, Dalys and cats are very tenacious," said my jocular friend;
"I roused myself--sat up and listened--recollected where I was,
and heard at the same moment what was really 'sweet music to mine
ear,' the sound of a bell-team. Ho! ho! says I--you are _there_, are
you?--where there are bells there are horses--where there's a team
there's a waggon--where there's a waggon there's a road--up I jumped,
and as fast as I could, just roused from my slumbers, scrambled over
brambles and clambered over fences, until I caught sight of the
waggoner's lantern waggling on the side of the tilt like a bright
pendulum to regulate the wheels; the moment I saw _that_ I knew I was
landed, and, after encountering a few of those thumps and bumps which
'flesh is heir to,' found myself on a high road. Waggons, even those
called 'flies,' may be overtaken, and although dead beat, and sore of
foot, I soon came up with the eight plaited-tailed animals which were
dragging the mountain, second only in size to the Juggernaut idol.

"My first object was to ascertain where I was, and what the direction
of the vast pile before me. I found, to my particular satisfaction,
that I was within two miles of Ripley, and that the edifice was
moving towards London--the result was, an involuntary spring upon
the shafts of the vehicle, and a look at the waggoner, which, by
the light of his revolver, was perfectly intelligible. The gun, the
gaiters, the grace, and the gentility, spoke the gentleman, and he
gave me leave to assume the post which he himself was prevented
by Act of Parliament from occupying. All my sorrows fled the
moment I felt myself moved along without any personal exertion,
and the smiles which had nearly been exhausted during my toil and
trouble, returned, as Moore sings, to 'gild my brow.' 'I have had
walking enough,' said I to myself, 'and grieving enough--_nunc est

"Excellent wag!" said I.

"Excellent waggon, rather," said Daly, "for so it proved; and after
three-quarters of an hour's hard tugging by the '_bell_ assemblée'
before me, I was dropped, gun, gaiters, bag, and all, at the door of
the Talbot--facing the Green. I tipped my driver--bade adieu to the
tilt--and began knocking loudly at the door of mine ostlery."

"And a nice enough inn it is," said I.

"It turned out to be past midnight," said Daly; "and, by the merest
luck in the world, the exemplary widow who then occupied it had
not gone to her rest, or roost. She personally answered my call,
and replied to my knock. After a few preliminary 'Who's there's?'
she opened the door; and the moment she recognised me--for I was
well known upon the road--her delight, as you may conceive, was

"'Bless my heart, Mr. Daly,' said the widow, 'what a time o' night to
be strolling about with your gun! Why, where do _you_ come from?'

"'That,' said I, 'is about the last question in the world I can
answer satisfactorily. I have been wandering across a country with
which I am not particularly well acquainted--have tired myself to
death, and fallen asleep.'

"'Fallen indeed,' said mine hostess, 'into a ditch, Mr. Daly, I
should think. Why, dear me, what a condition you are in!'

"'Exactly,' said I; 'recumbent repose in October under an oak, is not
particularly delicate; however, my darling, give me some supper, some
hot brandy and water, and order me the most comfortable bed in the
house, for I am a-tired.'

"'Why, sir,' asked the dear woman, 'where is your servant with your
clothes--you cannot think of sleeping here in that condition?'

"'Not exactly,' said I; 'I shall take off my clothes when I go to
bed--and as for my servant, he is snug and happy at Sir Marmaduke
Wrigglesworth's (where I ought to be too), unless they have sent
him out with a rake and a lantern to search for me and drag all
the horse-ponds in the neighbourhood. I tell you I am hungry--and
tired--and shall be very sleepy;--out with your tit-bits and
delicacies--something piquant--nice--savoury, eh--and after that, a
comfortable nest.'

"'You shall have something to eat,' said the widow, 'and something to
drink, for those I can give you myself; but as for a bed, I haven't
one in the house--crammed full from top to bottom.'

"'I'm very tired,' said I; I can sleep compact like a dog on a
hearth-rug--half a bed will do for me.'

"'Come, Mr. Daly,' said the landlady, 'none of your nonsense--I have
no bed whatever to-night, and here it is almost one o'clock--you
had better let me ring up the next turn-out, and get back to

"'Thank you, Fanny,' said I; 'I used to call her Fanny in her
husband's time, and he was killed, switching a rasper, three years
before; 'not I--I should not get there till nearly four--all
the family "in a deep sleep buried,"--no, no--none of _your_
nonsense--where am I to rest?'

"'I told you the truth,' said the widow; 'there's not a bed

"'Not one?' said I--looking, as I fancied, most insinuatingly, and
helping myself to a glass of brandy from a bottle covered with a gilt
bunch of grapes, at the same time gently pressing the tip of mine
hostess's little finger.

"'Not one, upon my life, Mr. Daly,' replied she; 'indeed, we are so
full, that my sister Jane, who is here, is obliged to sleep with

"'That's very unfortunate indeed,' said I; 'however, I rejoice that
you have so much custom--all's good for trade--at all events, let me
eat--let me warm myself--both in the sunshine of those bright eyes,
and in the blaze of the parlour fire.'

"Mine hostess proceeded to make me exceedingly comfortable--I
ate cold fowl and ham, and drank hot brandy and water, and
eventually punch. Mine hostess sipped shrub--a liquor which, if
it were _liqueur_, would rank fathoms above either Curaçao or
Maraschino--till at last the clock striking two, reminded her it was
time to go to bed.

"'Ah,' said I, 'that is extremely just and proper. But, alas! I am
like my melancholy little friend who was "very gentil, but whose hair
came a leetle through the top of his hat,"--I have no bed to go to.'

"'It's very provoking,' said the landlady, 'so tired as you are, too.'

"'It is, indeed,' replied I--seeing a proposition of some sort or
other on the tip of her tongue.

"'Now,' said she, looking remarkably serious, 'can I trust you--will
you promise me, if I give you a bed, to do as I bid you, Mr. Daly?'

"'Your commands,' said I, 'shall be obeyed to the letter--only let me
rest myself quietly and comfortably--it is all I ask--for never was
poor devil so tired in his life as I.'

"'Take a drop more punch, Mr. Daly,' said my landlady, 'it will make
you sleep the sounder.'

"'No fear of that,' said I; 'but what do you propose?'

"'Why,' said mine hostess, 'I _have_ one bed unoccupied.'

"'Why didn't you say so before?' cried I.

"'I'll tell you why,' said my fair friend; 'it's a double-bedded
room, and the other bed is occupied by a----'

"'----snoring farmer, from Farnham,' said I; 'or perhaps a
tight-skinned sailor, walking his way to town from Portsmouth.'

"'No,' said she, looking very pathetic--and very pretty by the
way--'by a lady.'

"'A lady,' said I, 'oh, charming thought!----'

"'There it is,' interrupted the lady, 'that's just what I expected,
you are all fire and tow--alight in a moment--now I shall not say
another word, and you must sleep, if you _will_ sleep here, in the
arm-chair by the fire.'

"'No,' said I, 'no--don't be angry--I didn't know--I thought----'

"'Yes, Mr. Daly, that's what you are always thinking, I believe,'
said mine hostess, 'but that won't do--the lady who occupies the
other bed in the double-bedded room is a sad invalid; she has been
stopping here for some time, and the only rest she gets is by dint
of laudanum, which the doctor gives her in large doses, and she
sleeps soundly during the night, which makes up for the sufferings
she endures by day. If you choose to behave well--and, tired as you
are, I don't like to turn you out or leave you here--you shall have
the other bed. You must go gently into the room, and when you are in
bed I will come and take away your candle; and as I sleep in the next
room, if you don't remain perfectly quiet I shall insist upon your
getting up and coming down again here into the bar.'

"'Agreed,' said I, 'I only ask for a bed--all I want is rest--I am
scarcely able to walk or stand, therefore I agree to your condition;
let me finish my punch, and marshal me the way I should go.'

"After looking at me suspiciously and hesitatingly for a minute or
two, my dear landlady agreed to trust me; and accordingly having
seen that my bed was properly prepared she returned, and, lighting a
candle, preceded me upstairs, and opening the door of the room put
her finger to her lips to enforce silence, whispering me, that when
I was in bed I should knock against the wainscot which separated her
room from that in which I was to repose, and that she would come and
fetch my candle.

"I promised to obey all her injunctions. The curtains of the other
bed were closely drawn--I never felt so awkward in my life--but I
had promised; yet one peep before the light vanished--no--perhaps
the lady would wake and scream, and I should be forthwith ejected.
I resolved to keep my faith, at all events till mine hostess was
herself asleep, and then see--as far as utter darkness would
permit--how the affair would terminate.

"Accordingly, I hurried off my clothes--washed my face, hands, and
mouth as gently and quietly as possible, and having concluded my
brief preparations for depositing myself on my much longed-for couch,
gave the concerted signal, and scarcely was well in my place before
my dear landlady entered the room on tip-toe, and, coming up close to
the bedside and having whispered 'Now, remember your promise,' took
the glimmering light away, and left me in the dark with my fair and
slumbering companion.

"There was something very strange in my position; I was tired
to death, but somehow I could not sleep. I lay and listened to
hear whether my fair _incognita_ would sneeze--or cough--or cry
'hem'--or play off any little coquettish trick which, under the
circumstances, I thought probable enough. I durst not move, for
_I_ knew I was watched; however, I sat up in the bed and began
to wonder. Is it, thought I, an old woman or a young woman?--an
invalid is interesting, and, bless her, she must be uncommonly
genteel, for she does not snore in the least--a few minutes served
to convince me that my landlady did--and I rather rejoiced in the
sound of her slumbers, since I thought I might perhaps succeed in
attracting the attention of my sleeping partner; and the fact that
a gentleman of my very respectable pretensions was so whimsically
associated with her--knowing mine hostess's archness--induced me to
attribute her readiness to quarter me upon the slumbering beauty,
to a foreknowledge on her part that my introduction would not be
considered altogether an intrusion.

"After I had satisfied myself that my landlady was really safe, I had
recourse to some slight coughs, which do occasionally infest one;
but no, my signals were not answered: the dose of laudanum had been
particularly strong that night. At last I thought I heard a slight
movement. I began to listen till I heard the beating of my own heart,
and felt a sort of drumming palpitation in my ears. I held my breath:
pshaw, thought I, this woman has been cheating me, the other bed is
tenantless,--a trick to try me,--and for what a stupid dolt she will
set me down if I don't convince her that I had at least curiosity
enough in my composition to ascertain what was in it.

"My feelings fired at the thought. Up I got,--groped my way across
the room,--the white dimity drapery being just visible amidst
the 'palpable obscure.' I reached the bed,--I paused,--I heard
nothing;--I partly opened the curtains at the side, and said in a
soft, _very_ soft voice, 'Hem!' No answer. 'Ma'am,--ma'am,' still
silent;--'are you there?' said I;--and, placing my hand on the
pillow, found she was. Dear, unconscious creature, there she lay,
comfortably cuddled up in the clothes, and sleeping, or seeming to
sleep, soundly. I was, I admit, on the point of proceeding to awaken
her, in order to announce my presence, when, in stepping towards the
head of the bed, my foot came in contact with a chair which stood
on its right-hand side, which was overthrown with a crash that, in
an instant, roused--not my dear opium-drinker--but my lynx-like
landlady. I heard her jump out of bed. I jumped into mine, but, in
less than two minutes, there she was, like Margaret's 'grimly ghost,'
standing before me, loading me with reproaches, and ordering me, in
the most peremptory terms, to take the candle, descend the stairs,
and dress myself in the parlour behind the bar, and wait until she
came down to eject me from the house; seeing that she could have
no kind of confidence in a gentleman who had so much confidence in

"Vain were my pantomimic supplications: she would listen to nothing
but immediate abdication; and I could not well be angry with her,
for she had put faith in me, and perhaps run the risk of losing a
valuable customer by indulging me with the luxuries of ease and rest
which, under no other circumstances, she could have afforded me. I
implicitly obeyed her commands; and, as soon as she had retired to
dress herself, collected my wearing apparel, and slunk downstairs
to prepare for my departure, which seemed inevitable. As I passed
along the passages, I heard multifarious snorings in all directions,
which convinced me of the truth of my landlady's assertions as to the
influx of company, and made me repent more sorely than before, that I
could not for once in my life act with discretion and decorum.

"I had scarcely finished dressing myself when my landlady made her
appearance in the parlour.

"'I really am surprised, sir,' said she, 'at your conduct. I thought,
as a gentleman, you might have been trusted, considering the
circumstances under which I ventured to put you into that room.'

"'Really,' said I, 'I thought you were playing me a trick, and I
could not bear your having the laugh against me, and so I certainly
_did_ venture just to ascertain----'

"'Ascertain!' cried the landlady; 'that's just the very thing you
ought upon no consideration whatever to have done. Did I not tell you
the lady was an invalid? Oh! Mr. Daly, Mr. Daly! I believe you are
the d----'

"'----evil be, ma'am,' said I, interrupting her, 'to him who evil
thinks. I meant no harm, and----'

"'You might have ruined me, sir,' said mine hostess.

"'Might I?' said I; 'when?'

"'This very night, sir,' said she; 'this very hour. Why, what would
have been thought of me and my house, if it had been known that I had
allowed you to sleep in that room? Nobody would have believed that I
did it out of pure regard for your comfort, tired and knocked up as
you were, and because I had not a hole or corner besides into which
you could have poked yourself: however, it will be a lesson for me
another time; and now, Mr. Daly, if you will take my advice,--the
lads are getting up in the yard,--you will let me order out a chaise
and pair, and go on to Guildford, where, I have no doubt, they have
plenty of beds, and where you may get some comfortable rest; and as
the brother of the lady in No. 3 is sleeping here to-night, something
unpleasant to all parties might happen in the morning, and you would
do me a very great favour if you would go.'

"I felt considerably inclined, for many reasons, to accede to what
appeared the very reasonable desire of mine hostess: first of all,
I might do her a mischief by staying; in the second place, the
lady might complain to her brother; in the third place, the White
Hart at Guildford was a remarkably good inn; and a well-made bed,
and a well-warmed bed-room, would be extremely comfortable by
comparison with the chilly atmosphere and the chair-slumber of the
parlour behind the bar at Ripley. To Guildford I must eventually
proceed,--and why not now? So, with the best possible grace, I told
mine hostess that I was at her command, and begged of her to dispose
of me as she thought fit.

"I paid her liberally for the horses, the repast, and the portion of
my night's rest which I ought to have had; and when I stepped into
the 'yellow and two,' I shook hands with her, and she gave me a look
as much as to say, again and again, 'Daly, Daly! you are not to be

"Well, sir, away I went, glasses rattling, and wind whistling (a
short stage, you know); and, before four, we reached the White Hart.
I had forestalled my Guildford sleep in the chaise; however, we soon
made them hear at the inn, and in less than three quarters of an hour
I was again rolled up in the sheets, having before I went to bed
written a note to my servant at Wrigglesworth, which I desired might
be sent off early in the morning, directing him, after leaving word
with Sir Marmaduke's man that I was alive, if not merry, to come to
me with my clothes and other requisites for dressing by ten o'clock;
and certainly, I must say, I never did enjoy my rest and quietness so
entirely and completely as upon that particular occasion. Instead of
ten o'clock--having desired that I might not be disturbed--I did not
awake until past noon, and then regretted that my balmy comfort had
been broken in upon.

"From my servant, when I saw him, I learned that my friends at
Wrigglesworth had really expressed great anxiety on my account, which
did not displease me,--I rather like to create an effect,--but I did
not hear that my dear Lady Wrigglesworth had either absented herself
from dinner or disappeared for the evening in consequence of my
absence, which I confess mortified my vanity a little. I dressed, and
having ensconced myself in the drawing-room of the White Hart, the
walls of which apartment were most constitutionally decorated with
loyal and orthodox prints, and which immediately faces the Gothic
House, I delighted myself by watching the movements of two uncommonly
pretty girls in the said antiquated edifice, who appeared to be in
full possession, in the absence, as I surmised, of some greater, and
probably graver, personages.

"After breakfast I strolled out. I like Guildford: it is a nice,
clean, handsome, healthy town; the hill in the street I admit to be
a nuisance; the alternation between climbing up and sliding down
is tiresome, and even dangerous. These little objections did not
affect me--nothing affects me when I am on the hunt for subjects--so
away I went--smack bang into a Quaker's shop to buy myself a pair
of gloves--and there--there I saw what I had never before seen--two
Quaker children playing about the place, thee'ing and thou'ing each
other with perfect French familiarity. Now, do _you_ know," continued
Daly, "it is quite worthy of remark,--that nobody--always, I presume,
excepting Quakers themselves--has ever seen a Quaker baby in arms,
a Quaker lady _enceinte_, or a Quaker gentleman with a _wooden_
leg--eh? I like these statistical speculations. So, having bought my
gloves, I returned to 'mine inn,' about one, intending forthwith to
proceed to Wrigglesworth.

"Just as I reached the door of the White Hart, and just as my man was
bringing out my horses, my eye was attracted by a funeral procession,
consisting merely of a hearse, one mourning coach, and a private
carriage, which had halted before the door; two persons who had
occupied the coach having entered the house while fresh horses were
put to the three vehicles. A natural and not very blameable curiosity
prompted me to ask a jolly, merry-looking undertaker, whose funeral
it was, whither they were going, and whence they had come?

"'Why, sir,' said the man, 'what you see here isn't the regular job
as I hopes to turn it out at Chichester next Tuesday, which is the
day fixed for the interment of the corpse. Short notice, you see,
sir; could not do everything in a minute, sir.'

"'What is the name of the----?' I hesitatingly asked.

"'Miss Barmingfield, sir,' said the man, 'is the name of the corpse.
Poor young lady, it was as well as you and me three days ago, and was
a coming down to Chichester to spend a month with its mother; when,
just in a minute, it was taken ill at Ripley, and out it went for all
the world like the snuff of a candle.'

"'At Ripley!' said I; 'did she live at Ripley?'

"'No, sir, she didn't,' said the undertaker; 'you'll excuse _me_--she
died there.'

"'But she must have lived there first, I presume,' said I, rather
angrily; for a joker hates to be joked upon.

"'A very short time indeed,' said the jolly undertaker. 'She arrived
at the Talbot the day before yesterday, about twelve o'clock, in high
health, and by six at night, as I said afore, she was a corpse.'

"'At the Talbot!' said I. 'And are you bringing the body from the
Talbot now?'

"'Yes, sir,' said the man; 'on our way to Chichester. We could not
move her, poor dear young lady, afore, because I couldn't get things
ready till this morning.'

"'Pray,' said I, with a degree of agitation which evidently
astonished my companion in the crape, 'where--in what part of the
Talbot at Ripley did the young lady die?'

"'In Number 3; that 'ere double-bedded room right over the gateway,'
said the man. 'We only packed her up this morning.'

"My dear Gurney, you may easily imagine what my feelings were. Only
conceive the idea of having been turned into a double-bedded room
in the dark with a dead woman! It was lucky that the horses were
pronounced ready, and that Major Barmingfield, whose residence at
Ripley mine hostess had so truly announced, made his appearance just
at the moment that the undertaker had enlightened me on the subject.
I felt a mingled sensation of horror at the event, of joy at my
escape from the place where it occurred, and of repentance for my
misconduct towards my landlady, who had so good-naturedly strained a
point for my accommodation, which nearly overset me; and I have not a
notion what I should have done, had it not been that the coldness of
the weather afforded me an excuse for drinking off a glass of brandy,
and the lateness of the hour forced me to mount my nag and begin my
canter to Wrigglesworth forthwith."


As I entered the Court, a case of some importance had terminated,
and the judge just concluded his summing up, when the clerk of
the arraigns put the customary question to the jury, "How say ye,
gentlemen--is the prisoner at the bar guilty or not guilty?" Upon
which the jurymen laid their heads together, and I heard something
in a whisper from their foreman, who immediately pronounced the
agreeable verdict, "Not guilty." The prisoner bowed gracefully--he
was a pickpocket--and retired.

The prompt decision of the jury convinced me that it must have been
a clear case; and I rejoiced at the departure of the now exonerated

"That's a reg'lar rascal," said the sheriff to me in a whisper;
"never was such a case heard on, to be sure--seventeen watches,
thirty-two pocket handkerchiefs, four pair of spectacles, and five
snuff-boxes, all found upon his person!"

"Yet," said I, "the evidence could not have been very strong against
him--the jury acquitted him after a minute's consultation."

"Evidence, Mr. Gurney!" said the sheriff, "how little do you know of
the Old Bailey!--why, if these London juries were to wait to consider
evidence, we never should get through the business--the way we do
here is to make a zig-zag of it."

I did not exactly comprehend the term as it was now applied, although
Daly had often used it in my society with reference to a pin and a
card universally employed at the interesting game of _rouge et noir_;
and I therefore made no scruple of expressing my ignorance.

"Don't you understand, sir?" said the sheriff--"why, the next
prisoner will be found guilty--the last was acquitted--the one
after the next will be acquitted too--it comes alternate like--save
half, convict half--that's what we call a zig-zag; and taking the
haggregate, it comes to the same pint, and I think justice is done as
fair here as in any court in Christendom."

This explanation rendered the next prisoner who made his appearance
an object of considerable interest to me. He was a little dirty boy,
who stood charged with having stolen a pound of bacon and a peg-top
from a boy somewhat his junior. The young prosecutor produced a
witness, who, as far as appearances went, might, without any great
injustice, have taken the place of the prisoner, and who gave
his evidence with considerable fluency and flippancy. His manner
attracted the notice of one of the leading barristers of the court,
Mr. Flappertrap, who, in cross-examining him, inquired whether he
knew the nature of an oath.

"Yes, I does," said the boy.

"Explain it," said Flappertrap.

"You may be d----d," replied the lad; "that's a hoath, arn't it?"

"What does he say?" said the judge--who, as I about this period
discovered, was as deaf as a post.

"He says, 'You may be d----d,' my lord," said Flappertrap, who
appeared particularly glad of an opportunity to borrow a phrase,
which he might use for the occasion.

"What does he mean by that?" said the judge. That is the way, my
lord, he exhibits his knowledge of the nature of an oath."

"Pah! pah!" said the judge--"Boy, d'ye hear me?"

"Yes," said the boy, "I hears."

"Have you ever been to school?"

"Yes," said the boy, "in St. Giles's parish for three years."

"Do you know your catechism?"

The boy muttered something which was not audible to the court
generally, and was utterly lost upon the judge personally.

"What does he say?" said his lordship.

"Speak up, sir," said Mr. Flappertrap.

The boy muttered again, looking down and seeming embarrassed.

"Speak louder, sir," said another barrister, whose name I did not
know, but who was remarkable for a most unequivocal obliquity of
vision--"speak to his lordship--look at him--look as I do, sir."

"I can't," said the boy, "you squints!"

A laugh followed this bit of _naïvete_, which greatly abashed the
counsellor, and somewhat puzzled the judge.

"What does he say?" said his lordship.

"He says he knows his catechism, my lord."

"Oh--does not know his catechism--why then, what--"

"_Does_ know, my lord," whispered the lord mayor, who was in the

"Oh--ah--_does_ know--I know--here, boy," said his lordship, "you
know your catechism, do you?"

"Yes," replied he, sullenly.

"We'll see, then--what is your name?" said his lordship.

"My name," said the intelligent lad--"what, in the catechism?"

"Yes, what is your name?"

"M. or N. as the case may be," said the boy.

"Go down, go down," said the judge, angrily, and down he went.

"Gentlemen of the jury," said his lordship, "this case will require
very little of your attention--the only evidence against the prisoner
at the bar which goes to fasten the crime upon him, is that which
has been offered by the last witness, who evidently is ignorant of
the nature and obligation of an oath. With respect to the pig's toes
which the prisoner stands charged with stealing----"

"A peg-top, my lord!" said Flappertrap, standing up, turning round,
and speaking over the bench into the judge's ears.

"Peg-top," said his lordship--"oh--ah--I see--very bad pen--it looks
in my notes like pig's toes. Well--peg-top--of the peg-top which
it is alleged he took from the prosecutor, there has not been one
syllable mentioned by the prosecutor himself; nor do I see that the
charge of taking the bacon is by any means proved. There is no point
for me to direct your attention to, and you will say whether the
prisoner at the bar is guilty or not; and a very trumpery case it is
altogether, that I must admit."

His lordship ceased, and the jury again laid their heads together;
again the foreman gave the little "hem" of conscious readiness for
decision; again did the clerk of the arraigns ask the important
question, "How say ye, gentlemen, is the prisoner at the bar guilty
or not guilty?" "Guilty," said the foreman to the clerk of the
arraigns; and "I told you so," said the sheriff to me.

The next case was a short one. The prisoner a woman, the evidence
clear and straightforward; but no great interest was excited, because
it was known that the case, for the trial of which in point of fact
the learned judge had, for particular reasons, given his attendance,
and which accounted for his lordship's presence at the close of the
session, was very speedily to come on. This extraordinary combination
of circumstances afforded me the most favourable opportunity of
seeing all the sights of this half awful, half amusing scene, even to
the discharge of the grand jury, who had been specially kept together
for the purpose of finding or ignoring the bill preferred against
the eminent culprit, who was evidently the great attraction of the
day--having found which, they had but three more to decide upon.

It was in the middle of the defence of the female prisoner, now
"_coram nobis_," and just as she was making a beautiful but useless
appeal to the "gentlemen of the jury," that a bustle in the court
announced some coming event.

"I am," said the weeping prisoner, "an orphan--I lost my mother while
I was yet a child--my father married again, and I was driven from
what had been before a happy home--I have only to pray----"

Bang went a door--the scuffle of feet were heard--down went
some benches--"Make way--make way!" cried some of the officers.
"Stand back, sir, stand back--the gentlemen of the grand jury are
coming into court." To what the moaning prisoner at the bar might
have limited her supplications, I never had an opportunity of
ascertaining, for the noise I have mentioned was succeeded by the
appearance of eighteen or nineteen men, dressed up in something like
the shabbiest dominoes I had seen at Lady Wolverhampton's masquerade,
trimmed with very dirty fur--the leader, or foreman, carrying in
his hand three bits of parchment. As these gentlemen advanced to
a space reserved for them in the centre of the court, the judge
kept exchanging bows with them until they had all reached their
destination--the foreman then delivered to the clerk of arraigns
the three bits of parchment, who, putting his glasses on his nose,
read--James Hickson, larceny--not found.--John Hogg, felony--true
bill.--Mary Ann Hodges, felony--not found. The clerk then informed
his lordship, partly by words, and partly by signs, the result of the
deliberations of the grand jury, and the fact that there were no more
bills to set before them. Having thus far proceeded, that officer
inquired if the gentlemen of the grand jury had any presentment to
make; whereupon the foreman, one of the largest and dirtiest-looking
persons imaginable, but whose countenance was indicative of love
of power and command, and who appeared, at the moment he prepared
himself to unburthen his great soul of a grievance, to feel as if the
whole world were a football, made for him to play with,--

"My lord," said he, drawing himself up into an attitude, "I am sure
I need not, at this time of day, enter into any discussion with your
lordship on the vast importance of the rights and privileges of
Englishmen--of the original establishment of the trial by jury in
this country. It would be worse than idle to occupy your valuable
time and that of this court, by dilating upon the merits of our
constitution--the chiefest of which has, I may say--been always--and
I will say--wisely, considerately, and prudently held to be that
peculiar mode of administering justice between man and man. But, my
lord, if in civil cases the deliberation and decision of a jury are
considered adequate safeguards to the rights and property of the
people, the law, still more careful of their lives and liberties, has
interposed in criminal cases another and a higher tribunal, in the
nature of a grand jury." [Hereabouts the judge, having bowed his head
graciously, omitted to raise it again, having dropped into a sound

"That tribunal of mediation in the first instance, is full of
importance; and whatever subsequent proceedings may be taken in a
case, I do say, for myself and my fellows, that the decision upon
_ex-parte_ evidence requires more circumspection, more care, and more
consideration than a verdict delivered after a case had been argued,
and after witnesses have been heard on both sides.

"If, my lord, your lordship concedes this point, I will merely say,
generally, that when the mind is occupied by any important object,
more especially in matters of jurisprudence, it is absolutely
necessary that nothing, if possible, should occur to irritate or
exacerbate the feelings--all should be calm, and at rest."

Several people turned their eyes towards his lordship, and some

"No incidental annoyance should be permitted to interpose itself;
nothing which could divert the judge from the point to which his
intellectual faculties ought to be directed, and to which, my
lord, under suitable circumstances, they would as they should
naturally converge. But, my lord, we are finite beings--creatures of
habit--subject to all the weaknesses of our nature, and liable to be
acted upon by impulses almost unaccountable to ourselves. For myself
and my fellows, I may, perhaps, hope for a favourable interpretation
of our intentions, and a lenient judgment of our conduct. We have,
my lord, struggled hard to do our duty, and I hope we have done it
serviceably and effectually--conscientiously and faithfully, I am
sure we have. But, my lord, we do think it necessary to call your
lordship's most serious attention to a fact which is embodied in
the presentment I hold in my hand. It is one which occurs to us to
be of paramount importance, as far as the tempering of justice with
mercy is involved: we have suffered grievously from the existence
of the evil to which we point; and although at this time of the
year its effects are of course not so heavily felt as in the winter
season, we have considered it a duty we owe to this court, to our
fellow-countrymen, and, we may say, to every man intimately or
remotely connected with the administration of criminal justice,
spread as they may be over the whole surface of the globe, to state
that the chimney in the grand jury-room smokes so much and so
continually, that it is impossible to endure its effects calmly or
patiently; and we therefore think it right to bring the matter thus
formally before your lordship, and to desire that measures may be
taken to abate a nuisance which, by its effects, is calculated to
thwart, impede, and even distort the course of justice, and produce
evils, the magnitude of which it is scarcely possible to imagine, and
certainly not to express."

A buzz of approbation from the gentlemen of the grand jury, who had
been undergoing the process of smoke-drying for several days, created
a stir in the court, in the midst of which the learned judge awoke;
and the lord mayor having whispered into his lordship's wig, his
lordship bowed, and the clerk took the parchment.

"Mr. Foreman, and gentlemen of the grand jury," said his lordship,
"I am happy to say that your labours for the present are concluded;
there are no more bills for your consideration. Your presentment
shall be attended to, and I have to acknowledge your great zeal and
attention, and to give you thanks for your services:--gentlemen, you
are now discharged."

The bows, and scufflings, and cries of "Make way there for the
gentlemen of the grand jury, who are coming out of court," were
resumed, and the orator and his peers retired, leaving the poor girl
at the bar, wondering what had happened, and what could be the reason
that the worshipful community with the cat-skin tippets should have
interposed themselves in the middle of her pathetic defence, in order
to discuss the irritating characteristic of a smoky chimney.

I admit that the pompous oratory of the foreman, the "_mons
parturiens_"--a splendid exhibition, and the "_ridiculus mus_," which
eventually presented itself, were to me treats of no common order,
and I regretted that Daly was not with me to participate with me in
devouring the grave absurdities which we should have had before us.

The trial of the girl was concluded, and I had no doubt as to her
fate, now that I became acquainted with the principle,--she was
acquitted, and never shall I forget the effect which this result
of her trial produced upon her manners and features. The moment my
friend Zig-zag had pronounced the words, "Not guilty," the pathetic
expression which had characterised her countenance turned into the
most humorous, and having winked her eye at the learned judge, who,
poor man, had summed up decidedly against her, she proceeded to place
her two hands extended in a right line from the tip of her nose, in
the direction of his lordship's seat, after the fashion of what is
called "taking a double sight," and then, making a noise which, if
not indescribable by imitation, is certainly irreducible to writing,
something between that which a hackney-coachman utters to encourage
his tired horses, and that which a duck makes when it sees either a
ditch or a drake in dry weather, she turned herself suddenly round
with the least graceful pirouette I ever saw, leaving one of the
hands which she had previously elevated for observation the last part
of her person visible.

A short case of pot-stealing followed--the prisoner was found guilty
in ten minutes; and then came _the_ case. It was a curious and
intricate one, and I felt quite assured, when I saw the prisoner, a
genteel-looking young man, take his place under the inverted mirror,
contrived with an almost diabolical ingenuity, so as to refract and
reflect the light upon his face from the huge window at his back; I
said to myself, having got both hardened and hungry during my short
probation in court, "We shall not dine at six to-day."

It might, perhaps, injure the feelings of the individual himself,
or, if he is dead, those of his friends and relations, to detail the
particular case, the more especially as nothing could be clearer than
that the crime laid to his charge was amply and satisfactorily--to
everybody except himself--proved and substantiated.

Just as the last witness for the defence was under cross-examination,
I saw one of the lord mayor's servants put his powdered head in a
little hole, and whisper something to the ordinary of Newgate, a
remarkably pious-looking man, in full canonicals, with a bag-wig,
which, to use Foote's phraseology, speaking of Dr. Simony (by whom,
as of course everybody knows, he meant the unfortunate Dr. Dodd),
"looked as white as a curd, and as close as a cauliflower." It struck
me that either the pretty wanton who had just been acquitted desired
some serious conversation with the clergyman, or that the last
convicted pot-stealer felt some qualms of conscience, and had sent
for spiritual assistance; but no,--my friend Mr. Sheriff Bucklesbury
relieved my mind from any such apprehensions, by inviting me to a
whisper, with an expression of countenance which convinced me that it
was nothing of so serious a character which had suddenly summoned the
reverend divine from the court.

"Good news!" said the sheriff; "land is in sight."

"What?" said I, not exactly catching the idea.

"Dinner is not far distant," said the sheriff, "the ordinary has been
sent for to dress the salad."

Well, thought I, that ever a man so dressed, and so addressed, as the
reverend divine opposite, should quit the seat of justice tempered
with mercy, to mix oil and vinegar in a salad-bowl, does seem
strange. It was evident to _me_, from the manner in which my friend
spoke of the chaplain's secular vocations, that his respect for the
table was infinitely greater than that which he entertained for the
cloth, and never from that day have I seen painted over suburban
inns, "an ordinary on Sundays at two o'clock," without thinking
of the reverend functionary so styled in the Old Bailey, and the
probable duties he would be called upon to perform.

The evidence having terminated, and the clock pointing to fifteen
minutes after six, his lordship began summing up. I have already
mentioned that his lordship was deaf, and the strange blunders
which I noticed in his early charges will perhaps serve to inform
the reader of these papers, whoever he may be, that his lordship's
handwriting was utterly unintelligible, even to himself; indeed,
so completely illegible were his notes, that the only resource his
lordship had, if ever they were called for upon motions for new
trials (which perhaps I need not here add, was in his lordship's
case by no means an unfrequent occurrence), was to send them to be
printed--printers being proverbially the best decypherers in the

His lordship's charge--barring the inevitable blunders and
hesitations, rendered absolutely necessary by this almost hopeless
illegibility--was exceedingly minute and elaborated. He recapitulated
the evidence of the three first witnesses verbatim, and continued
thus of the fourth:--

"Now, gentlemen of the jury, here is Amos Hardy--Handy--no, not
Handy--Harding--Amos Harding tells you, that on Tuesday--no,
not Tuesday--I see--Friday the 14th--that is, the 24th--he
was going along Liverpool--no--Liquorpond Street--near Gug's
Island--Guy's--no--Gray's Inn Lane--yes--going along Liquorpond
Street, Gray's Inn Lane--at about eight o'clock in the morning--and
saw the fire break out of Mr. Stephenson's windows. This, gentlemen
of the jury, is a very remarkable fact--and in connection with some
other circumstances to which we shall presently come, is quite worthy
of your particular attention--you perceive that he swears to eight
o'clock in the morning."

"Evening, my lord," said Mr. Flappertrap, standing up and whispering
his lordship audibly.

"Evening is it?" said his lordship--"ay, so it is--evening--no
matter--he swears to the time at which he saw the fire break out--and
hence will naturally arise in your minds a chain of circumstances
which it will be my duty to endeavour to unravel. In the first

Hereabouts one of the servants of the court put his head in at
one of the doors at the back of the bench, and whispered the lord
mayor much after the same manner in which Mr. Flappertrap had just
before whispered the judge. His lordship immediately pulled out his
watch--then looked at the clock--and then wrote a few words upon a
slip of paper, and laid that slip of paper upon his lordship's notes.
The judge took up the memorandum, and tore it in pieces--as I thought

"You know what that means?" said my friend, the sheriff.

"No," said I.

"Dinner's waiting," replied my friend--an announcement which startled
me, as it seemed impossible but that it would be kept waiting for
some time. This little scene, however, was followed by the arrival of
the recorder, who, after bowing to the lord mayor, took his seat on
the bench.

"I told you so," said the sheriff; "Mr. Recorder is come to try the
remaining cases----" A cry of "Silence--pray, silence," indicated
that Mr. Sheriff Bucklesbury and I were speaking somewhat too loudly.

"The circumstances to which I allude," continued his lordship, after
he had torn up the note, "are in fact so clearly detailed in the
evidence you have heard, that to men of intelligence and experience,
like those I am now addressing, any attempt at explanation on my part
would be superfluous. The case appears a very clear one--you have
to decide upon the value of the evidence, and return your verdict
accordingly, giving the prisoner the benefit of any doubts you may
entertain on the question."

Never was I more surprised than at finding the promised explanations
and comparisons of fact and testimony so suddenly cut short, after
the manner of "the story of the Bear and Fiddle," and I could not
help, while the clerk of the arraigns was putting his accustomed
question to the jury, noticing the circumstance to my worshipful

"To be sure," said the sheriff, "don't you see--the time is up--he
smells the marrow puddings."

The jury, emulating the expedition of the judge, in one minute,
according to the zig-zag system, acquitted the prisoner; whereupon,
his lordship rising to depart, addressed that individual in words to
this effect:--

"Prisoner at the bar, you have been tried by an able, patient, and
conscientious jury of your countrymen, who, convinced like myself
of the enormity of your crime, and of the wicked intentions by
which you were actuated in its commission, have returned the only
verdict which they could justly and honestly return--they have well
discharged their duty. And although it is not my province in this
place to pronounce the awful sentence of the law upon you, I shall
take care----"

Here Mr. Flappertrap whispered his lordship that the jury had
acquitted the prisoner.

"By-and-by, sir," said his lordship, angry at being interrupted--"I
shall take care, young man, that an example shall be made in your
person of the----"

The lord mayor here ventured to suggest that the "young man" was
found not guilty.

"Very well, my lord--presently, presently," said his
lordship--"even-handedness of justice; and that an enormous offender
of your class may not be suffered to escape the just vengeance of the
laws which he has outraged."

Here Mr. Flappertrap whipped a bit of paper over the desk of the
bench into the very place which the announcement of dinner had
so recently occupied. His lordship looked at it, and exclaimed,
unconsciously--"Oh! ah!--umph!" and then continued--"It is true that
upon the present occasion the mercy and forbearance of the jury have
been exercised in a signal manner; and I trust their benevolence
and indulgence will not be thrown away upon you. I maintain my own
opinion still--yet they have decided, and I have only to receive that
decision--you are discharged, sir, and may go about your business;
but I can tell you this, young man, you have had a very narrow escape

There was not a man in court who did not tacitly admit the truth and
justice of at least the concluding passage of his lordship's address
to the acquitted prisoner; nor was that individual himself the least
astonished of his lordship's auditors. The incident, however, was
worthy of its place in the day's proceedings, as producing a climax
to the judicial operations of the learned lord, and leaving upon the
minds of all his majesty's liege subjects then and there present, a
conviction, that however classical it maybe to picture Justice blind,
it is not, as a matter of convenience and utility, at all desirable
that she should also be deaf.


The day was extremely fine; the windows of the rooms opening to the
water, the house smelling of fried fish and mud, and the little boys
with naked legs screaming, "please to make a scramble," we having
attained this enviable position in the building which looked like
a race-stand, by treading a labyrinth of the dirtiest alleys and
stable-yards that ever pauper or pony inhabited. It was, however, a
joyous scene; and Hull, who was good enough to be my Mentor on the
occasion, pooh-poohed the waiters into allowing us to look at the
dinner-room, all laid out for the company; more than a hundred were
expected, partitions had been pulled down, holes cut out here, and
props poked in there, to afford the required accommodation; in short,
everything gave token of a goodly day.

Hull, who was at home everywhere, and everywhere popular, appeared,
as soon as he arrived, to supersede everybody else.

"My dear friend," said he, "I happen to know these people--the
Toothpick Makers are one of the most ancient corporations of the
city. My dear sir, the Mercers were incorporated in the 17th of
Richard the Second--I have a tract that will prove it--1393 they were
embodied--I know the clerk of the company at this day--so do you."

"No, I do not," said I.

"Pooh, pooh," said Hull, "don't tell _me_--Jemmy Hobbs--everybody
knows Jemmy Hobbs--married Miss Ball of Blackheath--'Splendid
fellow, Jemmy. Well! these Mercers are a fine company, so are the
Grocers,--St. Anthony is their patron. My dear sir, I am forced
to know all these things. Then there are the Drapers, and the
Fishmongers--pooh, pooh--Doctors, and Proctors, and Princes of the
Blood, are all fishmongers--Walworth was a fishmonger--eh--my dear
friend, you should see their paintings--splendid things--Spiridiona
Roma--fish in all seasons. Then there are the Goldsmiths and the
Skinners, and the Merchant Tailors--Linen Armourers--eh--queer
fellows, some of them; but I do assure you--" (this was said in a
whisper,) "you will see some men here to-day worth seeing."

"I suppose," said I, "the Toothpick Makers' Company was founded by
Curius Dentatus--whence comes the French _cure-dent_."

"Pooh, pooh," said Hull, "no such thing--much older than Curius
Dentatus--I happen to know--founded in the reign of Edward the Fifth,
my dear friend."

About this period the company began to arrive "thicker and faster,"
and certainly I had never seen any one of them before, which gave, at
least, an air of novelty to the scene. Generally speaking, they ran
fat, and wore white waistcoats, such as that to which I had likened
the bow window of 77, St. James's Street: they looked all very hot,
and puffed a good deal;--however, they kept coming and coming, until
the drawing-room, as a sort of thing like a bad conservatory, well
placed to the south-west, was called, was so full that I began to
be as hot as my companions. Six o'clock arrived, but no dinner; the
master of the house (who, from wearing a similar sort of uniform
waistcoat, I took to be a Toothpick Maker,) came in and spoke to some
of the fattest persons of the community, evidently intimating that
the banquet was ready--nevertheless no move was made, because it
appeared that Mr. Hicks had not arrived.

"You had better," said one of the more important persons in the room,
"let men be placed ready to see when Mr. Hicks arrives at the end of
the lane by the stables."

"Yes, sir," was the answer; and from that time I heard nothing
but Hicks and Mr. Hicks talked of, until I was driven by extreme
curiosity to inquire of my omniscient friend Hull, who Mr. Hicks was.

"Hicks!" exclaimed Hull--"why, my dear friend, you know Mr.
Hicks--the great Mr. Hicks--everybody knows Hicks."

"I for one," said I, "do not--" and it turned out that at the moment
I was not likely to be enlightened, for, just as Hull was about
to give me an account of this important personage, a hubbub and
bustle near the door, which speedily pervaded the whole assembly,
proclaimed his arrival. In a moment the buzz of conversation ceased,
a sort of circle was made round Mr. Hicks, and several of the most
distinguished members of the community hurried up to take their
places near him. Hull dragged me towards this sanctum, this magic
ring, and, with a look of the greatest importance, assured me, that
it was right that I should immediately be presented to Mr. Hicks. The
presentation accordingly took place, and no sooner was it over, than
one of the grandees came up to me, and, in a confidential whisper,
informed me that my place at dinner was on the left of Mr. Hicks,
as being a friend of the master. I concluded that the arrangement
was attributable to Hull, who, I found, was to be my neighbour on
the left, and, although I could have dispensed with the honour of so
close an approximation to the hero of the day, I rejoiced mightily
that I was placed so near my friend Hull, who would be as useful to
me upon such an occasion as is a catalogue of the pictures at an
exhibition anywhere else.

In a very short time dinner was announced, and Mr. Hicks, having the
master on his right hand, led the way to the large room upstairs,
round the whole of which the table ran, exhibiting, as I entered the
apartment, a lengthened line of tin covers, looking like a collection
of cuirasses, glittering on the board;--the heat was tremendous, and
the air redolent with fried flounders. A few minutes sufficed to
arrange us, grace was said by the chaplain, and we fell to. As in
all similar cases, the exercise of eating and drinking superseded
conversation or remark, and I, who did but little in that way myself,
and having therefore an opportunity of seeing the _modus operandi_
at my leisure, became suddenly enlightened as to the extent to which
such pleasures may be carried. Of each and every dish did each and
every man partake, from turtle to white-bait, both inclusive; by
comparison with the individuals now before and around me, my friend
Bucklesbury, whom I had a week before considered a prodigy in the
way of feeding, sank into insignificance; to the elaborated course
of fish succeeded a host of fowls, cutlets, hashes, stews, and other
things of that nature, accompanied by sundry haunches of venison,
and succeeded again by ducks innumerable, and peas immeasurable. The
destruction of all these articles was, however, effected with ease
in less than an hour and a half, during which the attentions paid to
Mr. Hicks were most marked and gratifying: if the sun shone in upon
the tip of his nose, the waiters were ordered to pull down the blinds
before him; if the gentlest breeze wantoned about the back of his
neck, the master of the house was called to shut the window behind
him; for _him_ the chairman culled the choicest bits; to _him_ the
landlord tendered his most particular wines: every eye was fixed on
_his_ actions, every ear seemed open to _his_ words; he had, however,
as yet spoken little, but had "eaten the more."

All sublunary pleasures must have an end, so had this dinner; and a
call of silence, and the thumping of the president's hammer upon the
table, announced that some professional gentlemen were about to sing
_Non nobis, Domine_. They began--we all standing up--I with the sun
full in my eyes, setting over London in all its glory. The voices
harmonised beautifully; but fine and melodious as they were, I felt
that the canon, or whatever it is called, very much resembled a fire
which, smouldering and smouldering in the low notes, kept perpetually
bursting out in a fresh place, when one fancied it out. As far as the
religious feeling of the thing goes, it was misplaced; and as for its
duration, it seemed to be more like three graces than one.

This over, the wine began to pass, and "beards to wag;" Hicks
grew condescending, and the day began to mend; the King's health
was given--song, God save the King--chorus by the company, all
standing--The Queen--The Prince of Wales--then the Duke of York
and the Army--the Duke of Clarence and the Navy--the Memory of St.
Ursula, the mother of all Toothpick Makers, with an appropriate glee,
received with loud cheers.

The Master then rose and begged to propose a toast. No sooner had
he uttered these words, than the whole room rang with applause, the
wine-glasses danced hornpipes upon the table to the music of the
forks and spoons, and the noise was tremendous. "I see," continued
the worthy president, "that you anticipate my intentions; gentlemen,
there could be no doubt upon your minds what the toast would be"
(more cheering). "I will not occupy your time, nor hinder you from
the gratification of your feelings upon this topic by dilating upon
the merits of the illustrious individual whose health I am about
to propose; whether we regard him in public life, guiding by his
zeal and energy the community which he fosters and protects by his
influence, or view him in private society, the ornament of the circle
of which he is the centre, our gratitude and admiration are equally
excited. Gentlemen, I will not trespass upon your time, or wound,
what I know to be the delicacy of his feelings, by recapitulating
the deeds which gild his name, and which have, during the last year,
added so much to his honour and reputation, and to the welfare
and comfort of his colleagues and associates:--I beg to propose
the health of Benjamin Spooner Hicks, Esq.,--a name dear to every
Englishman--with all the honours."

Then came a storm of applause unparalleled, at least in my
experience. A band of music, which had hitherto been silent, struck
up "See the Conquering Hero comes," and nine times nine cheers were
given in a style the most overwhelming. During this storm of rapture,
I seized the opportunity of once again asking Hull who Hicks was,
and what he had done, to deserve and receive all these extraordinary
marks of approbation and applause, but all I could extract from my
rubicund friend was, "Pooh, pooh,--don't tell me--you know Hicks--my
dear friend, everybody knows Hicks--there isn't a man better known in
the universe." There was no time amidst the din of glory to assure
him once more that I had by no possible accident ever heard his name
before, so I resumed my seat, as the object of our enthusiasm quitted
his, to return thanks. His up-rising was hailed by the company with
an almost Persic adoration:--silence at length having been obtained,
he spake--

"Sir, and Gentlemen,--There are certain periods in our existence
which entirely defy description--this, as far as I am concerned, is
one of them. I have been placed in many trying situations, and I
think I may say, without fear of contradiction, I have behaved as
became a man (loud cheers); I am aware that some of my efforts for
the benefit of my fellow-creatures have been crowned with success
(hear, hear, hear); and I am thankful to Providence that I am
possessed of the means to do good to them as is not so well off as
myself (loud cheers). I say, sir, it would be the height of baseness
for a man who has been born with a silver spoon in his mouth, not now
and then to take it out, and feed them as has not been so fortunate
(great cheering). My political feelings and principles I need not
touch upon (immense cheering); they are known to all the world
(tumultuous applause); I shall steadily maintain the course I have
heretofore followed, and observe the straight line, neither swerving
to the right, nor to the left, as little awed by the frown of power
as flattered by its smiles (hear, hear, hear).

"Gentlemen, I sincerely thank you for the honour you have done me,
and beg to drink all your good healths in return."

The shoutings were here renewed, but to an extent far beyond the
former exhibition. Mr. Hicks sat down, but still the thunder
continued; and scarcely had it subsided, even for a moment, when Mr.
Hicks, upon his legs again, caused a relapse which nearly drove me

Hicks waved his hand, and it was a calm--you might have heard a pin
drop--he had to propose the health of the worshipful chairman, the
Master of the Toothpick Makers' Company.

After expressing in almost the same words that Hicks had just before
used, his conviction that this was the "proudest moment of his
life," the chairman continued to observe, that if anything could
possibly add to the gratification of having his health drunk by
such an assembly, it was the fact of its having been proposed by
such an individual. He then proceeded to say, that he was quite
sure in that society, composed as it was of men of all parties, all
professions, and all politics, he need not expatiate upon the merits
of the honourable gentleman to whom he had previously alluded--they
were known all over the world. _He_, like Hicks, returned the most
heartfelt acknowledgments for the favour he had received at their
hands, and sat down amidst very loud acclamations.

Still I was left in ignorance of all the great deeds which "gilt" my
friend Hicks's "humble name;" and I found, being so near him, that it
was quite impossible to get enlightenment. At length, however, I was
destined to hear something of the character of his achievements; for
shortly after the worshipful master had sat down, and just before the
healths of the wardens of the Toothpicks, or some such functionaries,
were about to be toasted, a tall, thin, pale man--a rare specimen
in the Museum--rose and said, as nearly as I can recollect, what

"Sir, I am sure you will forgive me for the intrusion I now
venture upon; but I cannot permit this opportunity to pass without
expressing, on my own part and on the behalf of several of my worthy
neighbours, a sense of our obligation--and, indeed, the sense of
obligation under which, like us, the rest of civilised Europe, are
laid, by the manly, courageous, zealous, and indefatigable exertions
of the honourable gentleman on the right of the chair, to whom you
have so justly referred (loud cheers). It may, perhaps, be thought
superfluous in me to enlarge upon a subject so familiar to your
hearts; but I cannot avoid mentioning a trait which at once displays
the greatness of that honourable gentleman's mind, the prowess of
his courage, and his immutable determination to do justice to all
men"--(still louder cheers followed this point).

"I think," continued the pale man, "I need not speak more distinctly
upon the subject to which I allude." (Here shouts rent the room,
and glasses began to dance again.) "But, lest there should be any
gentleman present, who might by accident be unacquainted with the
circumstance to which I refer"--(cries of "no, no! impossible! hear,
hear! order, order!") "I say, _if_--for it may be so--if such a thing
should be, I think it best at once to explain, that the conduct to
which I now specifically refer, but which I may truly say is of a
piece with every action of his honoured life, is that which our great
benefactor--and friend--if he will allow me so to call him"--(Hicks
nodded, and said "hear!")--"observed upon the occasion of removing
the lamp from the corner of Black Lion Street to the head of Spittle
Court." (Immense cheering.) "Sir, I do not wish to go into the
question of the eleven yards of pavement from the Swan Inn to the
bootmaker's"--(roars of laughter burst from part of the company, as
the evident severity of this remark upon the conduct of some other
eminent individual, murmurs from others, "hear, hear!" from many, and
"oh, oh!" from a few!) "I strictly confine myself to the lamp; and I
do say, without fear of contradiction, that the benefit conferred on
society by that change, and the manly way in which it was effected,
without truckling to the higher powers, or compromising the character
and dignity of the Company, has shed immortal lustre upon the name
and fame of the honourable gentleman to whom I have alluded. (Immense
cheers.) I have to apologize for this effusion"--("no, no! bravo")
"but it is involuntary. I have for several months laboured under
emotions of no ordinary nature; I have now unburdened my mind, and
have done my duty to myself, my honourable friend, and my country."

The ogre sat down amidst the loudest possible applause, and more
shouts were sent forth in honour of Hicks.

The healths of the Wardens of the Company were then drunk--_they_
returned thanks:--then came alternately songs and glees by the
professional gentlemen:--then they drank Mrs. Hicks and family;--and
then--for be it observed, the fervour of the applause increased as
the night grew older--the uproar was tremendous. Nine times nine
seemed infinitely too small a complement of cheers to compliment the
Hickses, and I had become dead tired of the whole affair, when Mr.
Hicks--the great Mr. Hicks--rose to return thanks for _that_ honour.
He talked of connubial felicity, and spoke of the peculiar merits
and charms of his daughters with all the eloquence of a tuft-hunting
mother. Having done which, he fell to moralising upon the lateness of
the hour, and the necessity of recollecting that Greenwich was nearly
five miles from town; that, happy as we were, prudence pointed to
a period at which such enchantments should terminate. "Gentlemen,"
said he, "in conclusion, I have obtained permission to propose one
parting bumper. I believe we are all agreed that the constitution of
England is a blessing envied by every country in the world--(loud
cheers). We have drank the king, the queen, the royal family, the
army, the navy, the ministers, and indeed everything that we could
be well supposed to drink constitutionally. Gentlemen, the place in
which we are now assembled suggests to me the best, the most loyal,
the most appropriate, and the most constitutional toast possible as
a conclusion. I give it you with feelings of mingled loyalty and
piety--I propose to you, 'The Crown and Sceptre,' and may they never
be separated."

This unqualified piece of nonsense, delivered seriously by Hicks
(rather overcome) to about fifty or sixty survivors of the original
dinner, nearly killed me with laughing: not so the company--at it
they went--cheered like mad--up-standing nine times nine--rattle went
the forks--jingle and smash went the glasses--and, in the midst of
the uproar, Hicks rose, the Master did the same, and, of course, we
followed the example.

Then came all the worry and confusion about carriages--the little
alley was crowded with people seeking for conveyances--it had just
begun to rain. Hull looked at _me_, and inquired what vehicle I
had?--I had none--I was annihilated--when, judge my delight and
surprise at finding the illustrious Hicks himself at my side,
offering Hull and myself places in his coach. I could scarcely
believe it; however, so it was, and an advantage was derivable from
it for which I was scarcely prepared.

"Come down with _me_," said Hicks, "directly:--this way--they
are preparing a deputation to light me through the alley to the
carriage--I want to avoid it. My boy tells me it is all ready--if
we can but get round the corner, we shall be off without being
observed--they _will_ do these things, but _incog._ for me--I hate
state and finery--eh, Mr. Hull?"

"Pooh, pooh!" said Hull, "_you_ need no new honours--to be sure--what
a day--eh--never was any thing so splendid!"

And so Hicks's boy, or, as Hull called him, "b'y," preceding, we
made our escape into the patriot's carriage; and never did I more
rejoice in my life. The quiet of the calm which aeronauts experience
when they rise in a few minutes from the tumultuous shoutings of the
populace into the dead stillness of the vast expanse above, cannot be
more surprising than was the tranquillity of the coach compared with
the boisterousness of the company.

Mr. Hicks carried us as far as he could, without inconveniencing
himself, and set us down at the corner of a small street in
Cheapside, having, just before we parted, mentioned to me that if at
any time I should be in need of any article in the hardware line, I
should find every thing he had at wholesale prices and of the very
best quality.

Hull and I walked westward, but whether it arose from the length of
the way or its width, I cannot exactly state, I was uncommonly tired
when I reached home. When I fell asleep, which I did as soon as I got
into bed, I dreamed of the extraordinary infatuation which possesses
men in all classes of life to believe themselves eminently important,
and their affairs seriously interesting to all the rest of the world;
and became perfectly satisfied that every sphere and circle of
society possesses its Hicks, and that my friend the hardwareman was
not one bit a greater fool than his neighbours.


  Murrel Green, Thursday.

"DEAR SARAH,--I should not wonder if you wasn't a little surprised
at neither seeing nor hearing from me before this, as I calculate
you also will be at reading the date of this hepistol. The truth is,
that the Captain, whose stay in England will be very short, says
to me, just as I was coming off to you the night after I wrote,
'Lazenby,' says he, 'where do you go when you leave me?' So I
contumaciously expressed myself in these identical words, 'Why, sir,'
says I in a masculine manner, 'I am going to Blissford.' Whereupon
he observed to me that he supposed I had got what the French calls
a _chair ah me_ there, and that I was likely to settle myself in
the neighbourhood--so then I expostulated with him and mentioned my
notion of setting up in the general line, and he laughed and said
that he hoped to do that himself some day, and was quite factious
upon the toepick, which after his manner the night before, rather
constaminated me, as Goldfinch says in Ben Jonson's 'Beggars' Opera;'
whereupon he; says, looking at me in his droll way, 'Tom,' says he,
'I shan't be long in London; hadn't you better go up with me and Mrs.
M. when we are married, and stop with us till we go?'--for, mind
you, he is going to take her out with him to share the toils of the
champaign; and this was the very first of his directly insinuating
that the thing was all settled: so I hesitates a little; and thinking
of you, my dear Sarah, I says, says I, 'Sir, will you give me an
hour to preponderate?'--'To be sure I will,' says the Captain. Well,
I begins to think; and I calculated I might make a few pounds by
stopping and paying his bills and managing his luggage, and all
_that_, before he went. So I says to Susan--she as I wrote about
in my last--'If you was _me_,' says I, 'what would you do in this
conundrum?'--'Why,' says Susan, 'if you ask me _my_ advice, if I was
_you_ I'd stay and go with the Captain.' So I considers a bit more;
and I says to her, 'I don't much like missus as is to be.'--'Nor I,'
said Susan, 'although I have knowed her longer than you; but for all
_that_, I'm going as her maid; only to stay till they leave England
for good.'--'Why,' says I, having heard her opinion of the future
Mrs. Merman, and how Mrs. Gibson had gone away entirely excavated by
the levity of her mistresse's behaviour, 'I had no notion you would
do such a thing.'

"So Susan says to me, 'Lazenby,' says she--she calls me Lazenby, for
we are quite like brother and sister now--'my old missus wishes it;
and she hints something about remembering me hereafter; and so what
is it?' says Susan; 'in these days, folks don't stick at trifles; and
sure if Miss Millicent is good enough to be Captain Merman's wife,
she is good enough to be my missus.' That seemed remarkably judicial
to my comprension; and so, thinking what was good for Susan could not
be interogatory to me, up I goes to the Captain, and agrees to stay
with him, as I tell you, till he bids a Jew to his native land, at
which perriod, dear Sarah, I hope to return to you, like the good bee
who, as Pope says in 'The Deserted Village'--

      'Behaves in bee-hives as behoves him,'

and bring you an affectionate art, and I should say upwards of seven
pounds fourteen shillings in hard cash by way of hunney. Susan says
she should like to know you, she is so much indisposed towards you
by my inscription of you; and I should like you to be friends, which
perhaps may be some of these days, if she comes back to that part
of the country. She would be uncommon nice company for both of us,
she is so candied and filantropical, and it is a great thing for a
married couple to have such a friend.

"I don't know whether you have ever been in this quarter of the
world, although, as I don't think you could well have got to
Blissford by any other road from London, pr'aps you have; it is very
wild and romantic, with a bit of a green before the door, upon which
there are geese, ducks, enseterar; and Susan and I am going to take
a walk, and we shall carry this letter ourselves to Artley Row,
where is the Post-office, because, as I have promised the Captain
not to say anything one way or the other, I thought if he saw a
letter redressed to the Passonage, he might inspect something; so
Susan and I agreed it would be better to go out in the dusk as if
miscellaneously, and slip it in unbeknown to any body, while master
and missus is enjoying their _teat a teat_ after dinner. We go on
to the meterpolis in the morning, and Susan and I go outside in
the rumble-tumble, for Miss Pennefather has lent us the charriot,
which I suppose I shall have to bring back, which, as I cannot do
without horses, will be a very pretty incursion. I don't in course
know how long the Captain will be before he goes, so do not fret. I
have got your wach, which does not keep tim well, but I never look
at it without thinking of you. Susan says it wants to have new hands
put to it, and I shall give it to a watchmaker in town to riggle at
it spontaneously on my arrival. The Captain and his mate seem very
happy, which also makes me think of you, Sarah dear; she certainly
is no beauty to my taste; she is a good deal in the Ottomy line, and
I should say not easily pleased; but in course as yet it all goes
uncommon comfortable; for, as O'Keefe says in his comical farce of
'Love for Love:'--

      To fools a curse, to those a lasting boon,
      What wisely spends the hunney moon.

"I hope poor Miss Fanny don't take on about the loss of master;
I'm sure if I was she, and knew that he left me for the sake of
Malooney's money, I should care no more about him than nothing at
all--true love loves for itself a loan--don't it, dear Sarah? Oh,
Sarah! Susan and I had some hot sassages and mashed potatoes for
dinner to-day, and I did so think of you, and I said so; and Susan
says to me, says she, 'Does your Sarah love sassages?' so I said,
says I, 'Yes, where's the girl of taste as doesn't?'--and so she says
again, 'Then I wish she was here'--and we both laughed like bogies.
So _that_ shows we don't forget you.

"As to Miss Fanny, there is one thing--which, if you have an
opportunity upon the sly, you may incoherently hint--which may be
p'rhaps a considerable revelation of her despondency, if she still
cares for master; which is this--the officer which is to have the
recruiting party in place of him, as Rattan told me before I came
away, is taller and better-looking than master, and quite the
gentleman: p'raps, if you tell Miss Fanny that, it will controvert
her regret, and make her easy--I know enough of the seck, Sarah, to
know that it is with females as it is with fighters--to use the words
of Young in his 'Abelard and Eloisa,'--

      One down, t'other come on.

"And so perhaps Miss Fanny may make up her mind to the gentleman
which will relieve my master--I am sure I hope she may, for she is I
am sure constipated to make any man happy in that way. Well, Sarah
dear, I must now say good-bye--or else, Tim flies so fast, Susan and
I may be mist. I haven't room to tell you all about Master's wedding,
which was all done with as little ceremony as possible, and as Susan
says there was not a minnit to be lost, but I will explain all
particulars when I come back to you, which will not be long first. So
squeeze my keeping you in expence for these few days, for I was so
busy I could not write before, but Susan says she is sure you will
forgive me, and so I think you will.

"I say, dear Sarah, in exclusion, I hope that you have not been
speaking to William Waggle, the baker's young youth, because, as I
am absent, it might give some grounds for calomel--Mrs. Hodgson and
those two Spinkeses her sisters is always a-watching--I'm not a bit
jellies myself--no, I scorn the 'green hided malster,' as Morton
says in his 'New Way to pay old Debts'--but I know the world--I know
what the old Tabbies say, and how they skirtinize every individil
thing which relates to us--as I says to Susan--the eyes of the hole
world is on us two--you and me--and therefore, Sarah dear, mind
what you do, and do not encourage any of them to walk with you in
an evening--specially Bill, inasmuch as the whiteness of his jacket
would make the round-counter the more evident to the Hargooses of the

"A jew Sarah--the next you will hear from me will be in London--most
probably at the Whiteoss Cellar in Pickadilly, or the Golden Cross,
Charing Cross, which the Captain thinks the quietest spots to fix
upon--rely upon my righting you the minute I have time--I told Rattan
that I was going back to Blissford, so he will have had no message
for you; besides, I don't want you to have any miliary connexions
during my abstinence--therefore please to remember me in your art, as
I do you in mine, and if you will, do me the fever to pay Mrs. Jukes
three and ninepence which I owe her for washing my things, which I
will repay you when we meet--best love, in which Susan, though she
does not know you, joins with equal sincerity--take care of yourself,
dear Sarah, and mind about the baker.

  "Yours always true till death,


"Here," said he, drawing from one of his pockets a very small dirty
black-letter book, "this is all I shall do to-day--my pursuit,
you know--eh--old books--rare books--I don't care what I give so
as I can secure them--this is a tract of 1486--seventeen pages
originally--five only wanting--two damaged--got it for seventy-two
pounds ten shillings--Caxton--only one other copy extant--that in the
British Museum."

"Seventy-two pounds for _that_!" said I.

"To be sure," replied Hull; "why, my dear sir, it is not worth _my_
while to come out of the city unless I spend seventy or eighty pounds
in the morning--I cannot afford the time for less."

"And what is it about?" said I, innocently.

"Why, I do _not_ happen to know _that_," said Hull; "it is an essay,
I believe, to prove that Edward the Fourth never had the toothache;
but it is, as you see, in Latin, and I don't read Latin."

"Then why buy it?" said I.

"Buy!" exclaimed he, looking at me through his glass with an
expression of astonishment--"I buy thousands of books!--pooh, pooh!
millions, my dear sir, in the course of a year, but I never think of
reading them--my dear friend, I have no time to read."

I confess I did not exactly comprehend the character of the
bibliomania, which appeared to engross my friend, nor the particular
gratification which the purchase of the unreadable works seemed to
afford him. But he only curled up his mouth, as much as to say that
I was a dunce, and that there was a sort of delight--felt in common
with magpies, I presume--of picking up objects and hiding them away
in dark holes and corners.--_Gilbert Gurney._


Absence of mind may be defined to be a slowness of mind, in speaking
or in action. The absent man is one who, when he is reckoning up
a bill, and hath collected the particulars, will ask a by-stander
what the amount is. When he is engaged in a law-suit, and the day
of trial comes, he forgets it, and goes into the country. He goes
to the theatre to see the play, and is left behind, asleep upon the
benches. He takes any article, and puts it away securely; then he
begins to look for it, and is never able to find it. If a man comes
and tells him of the death of a friend, and asks him to the funeral,
he says, with a melancholy countenance, and tears in his eyes, "What
uncommon good luck!" When he receives money, he calls men to witness
the transaction; when he pays a debt, he does not. He quarrels with
his servant for not bringing him cucumbers in winter; and forces his
children to run and wrestle for their health, till they are ready
to die of fatigue. When in the country, he dresses his dinner of
herbs, he salts them until they are unfit to eat. And if anybody ask
him, "How many dead have been carried through the sacred gate, to be
buried?" he answers, "I wish to my heart you and I had half as many."


Lady Cramly was, or rather had been during her husband's lifetime,
the authoress of a solitary work, upon the memory of which she still
lived and revelled. She had published two volumes of travels. In some
of the countries which she described she really _had_ been, but in
others certainly not; but wherever the scene was laid, Lady Cramly
and Seraphine were at the top of the tree. Princes were proud to
hand them to their carriage--crowned heads opened their palaces to
receive them--Lady Cramly received medals, orders, and decorations,
which never before had been conferred upon females. Seraphine--with
a pug nose, low forehead, and high shoulders--had been painted by
all the first artists, and modelled by all the first sculptors on the
Continent. The book of travels had gone through eleven editions--Mr.
Liberal, the eminent publisher, had made six thousand pounds by it,
and would have made more, only that he had foolishly insisted, out
of respect to the character of her particular friend the Pope, upon
expunging the authoress's account of her having waltzed with his
Holiness at a masquerade during the carnival, to which he went only
to have the pleasure of being her partner. Upon this circumstance,
and her having been made a Burgher (or rather Burgheress) at Bruges
(the only instance of the honour ever having been bestowed upon a
lady), she not unfrequently descanted, and so often had she told
the histories amongst others, that all who heard them, including
Seraphine herself, felt certain, that if nobody else believed them,
Lady Cramly did.

It was of Lady Cramly the wag said that her authority ought never
to be doubted, for she must always be _re-lied_ upon. Nevertheless,
her poetical prose was very amusing, and upon Waller's principle (we
presume) she was certainly an extremely eloquent and entertaining


Among the group was a man whose name was Daly--who, of all the people
accounted sane and permitted to range the world keeperless, I hold to
have been the most decidedly mad. His conversation was full of droll
conceits, mixed with a considerable degree of superior talent, and
the strongest evidence of general acquirements and accomplishments.
He appeared to be on terms of familiar intimacy with all the members
of our little community, and, by his observations and anecdotes,
equally well known to persons of much higher consideration; but his
description of himself to _me_, shortly after our introduction,
savoured so very strongly of insanity--peculiar in its character,
I admit--that I almost repented having, previously to hearing his
autobiography, consented to send on my horses to Teddington, in order
to accompany him to that village after the departure of the rest of
the party to London, in a boat in which he proposed to row himself
up to Hampton Court, where, it appeared, he had, a few days before,
fixed his temporary residence.

"I hope," said he, "that we shall be better acquainted. I daresay you
think me an odd fish--I know I _am_ one. My father, who is no more,
was a most respectable man in his way--a sugar-baker in St. Mary Axe.
I was destined to follow in his wake and succeed to the business;
however, I cut the treacle tubs at an early age--I saw no fun in
firkins, and could not manage conviviality in canvas sleeves. D'ye
ever read the _London Gazette_?"

"Sometimes," said I.

"In that interesting paper," said Daly, "I used to look twice a
week to see the price of Muscovados. One hapless Saturday I saw my
father's name along with the crush: the affair was done--settled;
dad went through the usual ceremony, and came out of Guildhall as
white as one of his own superfine lumps. Refreshed by his ruin, my
exemplary parent soon afterwards bought a house in Berkeley Square,
stood a contest for a county, and died rather richer than he started."

"And you, I suppose, his heir?" said I.

"He had not much to leave," replied my new friend. "He ran it rather
fine towards the close of his career. My two sisters got their
fortunes paid, but I came off with what we technically called the
scrapings--four hundred a year, sir, is the whole of my income; all
my personal property I carry under my hat. Timber I have none--save
my walking-stick; and as to land, except the mould in three geranium
pots, which stand in my sitting-room window, I haven't an inch.
Still, Mr. Gurney, although I have not a ducat in my purse,

      'Yet I'm in love, and pleased with ruin.'"

"I envy your philosophy and spirits," said I.

"You are right," replied Daly; "fun is to me what ale was to
Boniface; I sleep upon fun--I drink for fun--I talk for fun--I live
for fun; hence my addiction to our dear funny friends of to-day. They
just suit me--they do nothing but laugh; they laugh _with_ one when
present, and _at_ one when absent--but to me that is the fun."

I immediately thought of the "funny" observations upon myself, which
I had overheard earlier in the day, pretty well assured that the
voice of my new laughter-loving acquaintance had not been the least
loud in the debate.

"I admit myself fond of practical joking," continued my friend. "I
don't mean in one's own particular circle--there it is dangerous;
people are not always in the same humour--what they think uncommonly
good fun one day, they will seriously resent as an insult the next.
There's no judging with certainty a man's temper of mind, and it is
not easy to ascertain how much melted butter a gentleman would like
to have poured into his coat-pocket without kicking; I avoid that
sort of thing, but on the great scale I confess my addiction. Coming
here yesterday evening, I stopped the chaise at the corner of Egham,
to turn the finger-post at the corner half round--sent all the people
bound for London to Chertsey, all the people destined for Egham to
Windsor, and all the people destined for Windsor to London--that's
_my_ way."

"Probably," said I, "but not theirs. And do you often indulge
yourself in these freaks?"

"Perpetually," replied Daly; "I've whipped off every knocker in
Sloane-street three nights running--a hundred and ninety-four,
exclusive of shops; and if ever the project of lighting London with
smoke should be brought to bear, I flatter myself you will hear
of my darkening the whole parish of Pancras, by grinding a gimblet
through a gas-pipe."

"These frolics must cost something," said I.

"Occasionally," said my friend; "but what of that? Every man has his
pursuits--I have mine."

"I should think," replied I, "if you perform such tricks often, your
pursuits must be innumerable."

"What!" exclaimed Daly; "pursuits after me, you mean? I'm obliged to
you for _that_--I see we shall be better acquainted--of that I am
now quite certain. One thing I _must_ tell you of myself, because,
although there is something equivocal in the outset of the adventure,
I set it all to rights afterwards, and will prove to you that in fact
all I did was done for fun--pure fun."

I foresaw an awkward discovery of some sort by the prefatory
deprecation of criticism; however, I listened to my slight
acquaintance with complacency and confidence.

"You must know," said Daly, "that I once had a brother,--long since
dead,--and you must know that he was my elder brother, and he
went abroad; I remained at home, and was my father's darling--he
fancied nothing on earth was like me. I was the wittiest, if
not the wisest fellow breathing; and I have seen my respectable
parent shake his fat sides with laughing at my jokes and antics,
till the tears ran down his rosy cheeks. Nevertheless I _had_ a
fault,--I cannot distinctly aver that I have even yet overcome
it,--I was extravagant--extravagant in everything--extravagant in
mirth--extravagant in love--extravagant in money-matters. After my
respected parent's death, I lodged at an upholsterer's--excellent
man!--occupied his first floor--but paid him no rent; on the
contrary, borrowed money of him."

"Indeed!" said I, "I----"

"Don't frown, Mr. Gurney," interrupted Daly, "you will find that
it comes all right in the end. I'm as honest as a Parsee--don't be
alarmed--I was then much younger than I am now; and, although the
world unjustly, ungenerously, and invariably judge a man's character
in after life by the foibles of his youth, don't be prejudiced,
but hear me. I borrowed money of him--I consulted him upon all
occasions--he was delighted with me, I with _him_--reciprocity of
feeling, you know, and all that sort of thing. My upholsterer was my
_cabinet_-minister--who better? who fitter to be consulted when any
new measure was on the _tapis_? So things went on for a year, at the
end of which, I owed him fourteen hundred and seventy-two pounds,
thirteen shillings, and ninepence halfpenny, without the interest."

"That was no joke, Mr. Daly," said I.

"No; but what followed was," continued my equivocal friend. "My
cabinet-minister applied for funds--I had none on hand. I therefore
quitted London, and retired to the blest shades of Holyrood--not that
this sort of constraint was at all necessary, for my friend, the
sofa-maker, never troubled himself to inquire after me."

"Why, then, did you go?" said I.

"Why, you see I thought he might," replied Daly. "After I had hovered
about Scotland, seen the sights, visited the Highlands, shot some
grouse,--and a pretty job I made of that, umph!--I returned to
Edinburgh, and began to be anxious to get back to London. I therefore
took the resolution of killing myself forthwith."

"Horrible!" said I.

"Most horrible!" replied he; "nevertheless, I put that resolve into
immediate execution."

"How?" I inquired.

"By transmitting an account of my death to the metropolitan
newspapers in these words--'Died, at Antigua, on the 15th March, in
the 28th year of his age, Robert Fergusson Daly, Esq., son of the
late Thomas Fergusson Daly, Esq., of St. Mary Axe, London.'"

"What earthly purpose could that have answered?"

"You shall hear," said Daly. "About ten days after this announcement,
having 'incurred' for a suit of mourning, I proceeded to my friend
the upholsterer. Dear man, I recollect his little white bald head
peering over his desk in the counting-house as well as if it were but
yesterday--in I went--made a bow--up jumped my creditor.

"'Ah, Mr. Daly,' cried he, 'then what I have read in the newspaper is
not true!--you are alive and merry.'

"Upon which I, looking as grave as a judge, said with a long-drawn
sigh, 'Sir, I see you have fallen into the common mistake.'

"'Mistake, sir,' said he, 'no mistake in the world! Why, I read in
the newspapers that you were dead. How those fellows do fib!'

"'In this instance,' I replied, 'they are as true as the tides to the
moon--or the needle to the Pole.'

"'Why,' cried he, 'you are not dead, for here you are!'

"'So I am,' said I; 'but I am not the Mr. Daly who died in Antigua.'

"'That's very clear,' said the old cabinet-maker; 'for, as I said
before, here you are.'

"'Still,' said I, 'sir,'--I thought the sir good--'you do not
understand: I am the brother--the twin brother of poor Bob Daly who
lived here with you, and who has died, as I unfortunately know, deep
in your debt.'

"'What!' exclaimed the upholsterer, '_you_ his brother!
Impossible--ridiculous! Why, I should know you from a thousand by
that little knob on your nose.'

"'That may be, sir,' said I; 'but I was born with a knob on my nose
as well as my brother. I assure you he is in his grave at Antigua.'

"This astounded him, and he was proceeding to ring the bell in order
to call up the housemaid, who had made herself particularly familiar
with my knob, in order to identify me, when I pacified him by fresh
assurances that he was mistaken, and that I was come to settle the
account due from my late brother to himself."

"This," said I, "was all very funny, no doubt; but _cui bono_?"

"_Nous verrons_," said Daly. "The moment I talked of paying, all
doubt ended; he felt convinced that it could not be me; for he was
quite of opinion that at that time I had no notion of muddling away
my income in paying bills. So he listened, looking all the while at
my knob--you see the thing I mean, Mr. Gurney," said Daly, pointing
to a pimple; "till at last I begged to see his account--he produced
it--I sighed--so did he.

"'Sir,' said he, 'this is--dear me, is it possible two people should
be so much alike?--your brother's last account before he went.'

"I could not help saying, 'He is gone to his last account now, sir.'
If it had been to save my life, I could never check my fun.

"'Lord, how like Mr. Robert that is!' said the upholsterer.

"'What is the amount?' said I.

"'Fourteen hundred and seventy-two pounds, thirteen shillings, and
ninepence halfpenny. As for interest, Mr. Daly, I don't want it.'

"'Sir,' said I, drawing out of my pocket a handkerchief whiter than
unsunned snow, 'I honour and reverence you. I can now account for
the high respect and veneration with which my poor brother Bob used
to speak of you and write about you. You shall judge what he has
done;--he has died worth three thousand five hundred pounds; the
claims upon him are numerous and heavy; in his letter, the last I
ever received from him, he directs me to make an equitable division
of his property.'

"'Poor fellow!' said the cabinet-maker.

"'An innocent young creature, with three children,' said I, 'first
claims his care.'

"'Dear me!' said the man. 'Rely upon it I won't interfere there. No,
no. I gave him credit further than he asked it. I won't visit his
sins upon those who, perhaps, are helpless, and certainly blameless
in this affair.'

"There was something so kind in this, that I was near betraying
myself; but I should have spoiled the joke.

"'After those,' continued I, 'you come next; and, having divided
his assets fairly, he decided that he could, acting conscientiously
towards others, afford to pay you five shillings in the pound
upon the amount due; and, accordingly, I have brought you to-day
a sum calculated at that rate--that is to say, three hundred and
sixty-eight pounds, thirteen shillings and sixpence, for I don't
descend to fractions.'

"'Well, now,' said the honest old man, 'I love and honour him for
that. He needn't have paid me a farthing. I knew not where he
was;--and to think of me on his death-bed!--that, sir, shows good
principle; and as you are so like him in everything else,--and how
like him you are, to be sure!--I hope and trust--don't be angry,
sir--that you will follow the example he has set you in the last act
of his life.'

"'Then,' said I, 'you accept the proposal?'

"'Most happily, sir,' said he. 'I tell you I honour his feelings. I
had given the whole thing up as lost: I thought he was a hard-hearted
and a practised taker-in of credulous men----'

"'Sir,' said I, bowing, 'you little knew my poor brother Bob if you
thought that. Here, sir, is the money; all I ask, as a satisfaction
to the interesting young creature who survives him, is a receipt in
full of all demands as against him.'

"'In course, Mr. Daly,' said the upholsterer, taking the notes I
proffered. 'Why, la!' exclaimed he, 'I declare you have got the very
ring on, that I have seen a hundred times, with a leetel patent key
twisted into the inside, that he used to wear.'

"'Yes,' said I, rather taken aback at this; for with all my cunning I
had forgotten to disring my finger for the occasion. 'Yes, it was the
only thing he left me; and I wear it for his sake.'

"'And how well it fits!' said the cabinet-maker.

"'Often the case with twins,' said I. 'There are two hundred,
three hundred, and fifty, a ten pound note, eight guineas, and five
shillings and sixpence; count it yourself.

"'And now,' said he, 'I am to give you a receipt in full; to be sure
I will. But I do wish you would do me one favour, sir,' continued he;
'I wish you would let my housemaid Becky see you; she was very fond
of your poor brother, and very attentive to him, and I should--I know
it is taking a great liberty--I should like her to see you.'

"'I should be too happy,' said I, trembling at the apprehension that
the girl, who was more than usually civil to me while I lived in the
lodgings, should make her appearance, convinced that she would not be
deceived as to the identity, or believe in the story of two brothers
having the same knobs on their noses; 'but don't you think it might
shock the poor young woman?'

"'No, no, sir,' said he, looking over a black leather book for a
proper stamp; 'Becky isn't frightened at trifles; shall I ring?'

"I could not help myself, and Becky was summoned. Luckily, however,
she had just stepped out to get something, and satisfied, by the way
in which the other servant conveyed the intelligence to her master,
that it was not very probable she would soon return, I screwed my
courage to the sticking-place, and remained until he had written,
signed, and delivered my entire acquittance from my whole debt, in
consideration of the receipt of three hundred and sixty-eight pounds
thirteen shillings and sixpence; having secured which, I made my bow
and left my upholsterer, not ill pleased with the adventure of the

"Yes, sir," said I, after I had heard this narrative, "but I see no
joke in all this: it appears to me that a person less favourably
disposed than myself would find a very different name for such a

"So would anybody," said my valuable friend, "if it were not for
the sequel. A short time after, I had the means to set all right,
and lost no time in doing so; I confessed my _ruse_ to my worthy
friend, made him laugh heartily at his own credulity, paid him the
difference, and gave Becky a guinea or two."

I honestly confess, that although my new friend polished off the
end of his story with a few retributive facts, the account of his
adventure with the cabinet-maker did not very much elevate him in
my opinion, and I began again to repent of having hastily engaged
myself as a passenger in his boat, so appropriately, as he himself
said, called a "funny." The only consolation I could afford myself
arose from the consideration that our connection would not be of long
duration--that it need never be renewed--that few people, if any,
would see me in my way up the river--and that, from all I had heard
of him from himself, he did not appear likely to die a watery death,
so that my personal safety was rather guaranteed than not, by my
having placed myself under his command in our aquatic excursion.

I had never seen such a man before, nor have I ever seen such a one
since: from the time he sat down to dinner till all was done, his
tongue never ceased--he was _au-fait_ at everything--played billiards
better than anybody I ever saw--jumped higher--imitated birds and
beasts, including men, women, and children, more correctly--caught
more fish in an hour than all the rest of the punters did in
three--sang all sorts of songs--made speeches--and told stories of
himself which would have made my poor mother's hair stand on end.
One of his practical jokes, played off upon one of the ladies of our
party, I must set down. She had never been at Richmond before, or if
she had, knew none of the little peculiarities attached to it. He
desired the waiter to bring some "maids of honour"--those cheesecakes
for which the place has been time out of mind so celebrated. The lady
stared and then laughed; Daly saw her surprise, and elicited all
he wanted--her innocent question of, "What do you mean by maids of
honour?" "Dear me," said he, "don't you know that this is so courtly
a place, and so completely under the influence of state etiquette,
that everything in Richmond is called after the functionaries of the
palace? What are called cheesecakes elsewhere, are here called maids
of honour; a capon is a lord-chamberlain; a goose, a lord-steward; a
roast pig is a master of the horse; a pair of ducks, grooms of the
bedchamber; and a gooseberry tart, a gentleman usher of the black
rod; and so on."

The unsophisticated lady was taken in; and with all the confidence
which Daly's gravity inspired, when she actually saw the maids of
honour make their appearance in the shape of cheesecakes, convulsed
the whole party, by turning to the waiter and desiring him, in a
sweet but decided tone, to bring her a gentleman usher of the black
rod, if they had one in the house quite cold.

These were the sort of _plaisanteries_ (_mauvaises_, if you will) in
which this most extraordinary person indulged. In the sequel, I had
occasion to see his versatile powers more profitably engaged, and
which led me to reflect somewhat more seriously upon the adventure of
the upholsterer and the receipt in full of all demands.

The dinner was rather inconveniently despatched, in order to suit
the convenience of the engaged performers, and by seven o'clock my
new friend and myself were left to commence our voyage up the river.
His spirits appeared even higher than they had been before, and
I felt myself, when consigned to his care, something in the same
situation as Mr. O'Rourke on the eagle's back: whither I was to be
carried by his influence, or how to be dashed down when he got tired
of me I could not clearly comprehend; nor were my apprehension of
consequences in any satisfactory degree diminished when my perilous
companion commenced a violent wordy attack upon a very respectable
round-bodied gentleman who was sitting squeezed into the stern-sheets
of a skiff, floating most agreeably to himself adown the stream, the
gentle south-west breeze giving the sail of his boat a shape very
similar to that of his equally well-filled white dimity waistcoat.

"Hollo!" cried my friend Daly; "I say, you sir, what are you doing in
that boat?"

The suburban Josh maintained a dignified silence.

"I say, you sir," continued the undaunted joker, "what are you doing
there? you have no business in that boat, and you know it!"

A slight yaw of the skiff into the wind's eye was the only proof of
the stout navigator's agitation.

Still Daly was inexorable, and he again called to the unhappy mariner
to get out of the boat. "I tell you, my fat friend," cried he, "you
have no business in that boat!"

Flesh and blood could not endure this reiterated declaration. The ire
of the Cockney was roused. "No business in this boat, sir!" cried he,
"what d'ye mean?"

"I mean what I say," said Daly; "you have no business in it, and I'll
prove it."

"I think, sir, you will prove no such thing," said the navigator,
whose progress through the water was none of the quickest; "perhaps
you don't know, sir, that this is my own pleasure-boat?"

"That's it," said Daly, "now you _have_ it--no man can have any
_business_ in a _pleasure_-boat. Good-day, sir. That's all."

I confess I was a good deal shocked at this mode of terminating the
colloquy. However, no ill consequences arose; the fat man went his
way, and so did we, and in a few minutes more embarked in Daly's
"pleasure"-boat, in which I felt, according to his dictum, that I had
no business whatever.

Richmond, which seems, every time one sees it, as if it were dressed
to look lovely for that particular day, was smiling in all its
radiance and gaiety; the velvet meadows of Twickenham, studded with
noble trees, looked cooler and greener than ever; and my friend began
to perform that incomprehensibly agreeable exercise of pulling up
against the stream, when all at once a thought seemed to flash across
his mind and a look of regret sadden his countenance; the expression
was too distinct to be mistaken or disregarded.

"What," said I, "what is the matter? have you left anything behind?"

"No," said he, laughing; "but if I had thought of it, we would not
have come away so soon from Richmond; and I would have shown you some
sport in Cockney-catching."

"What do you mean?" asked innocent I.

"A trick specially my own," replied Daly, "to be played with the
greatest success between the grounds of Sion and Kew Gardens.
Thus:--In the dusk of the evening--I prescribe scientifically--take a
strong line, fix him to a peg in the bank of Sion, carry him across
the river, and fix him to another peg in the bank of Kew; strain
him tight, and then retire to watch the effect. Tide running down,
presently comes a Cockney couple, the man flirting and pulling,
the lady sitting and smiling; when they reach the chosen spot, the
tight line catches the Cockney Corydon on the back of his head, and
tumbles him forward at the feet of his Phyllis; in a twinkling,
the same effect is produced on the lady, with this single simple
difference, that the cord catches _her_ under the chin, and tumbles
her backwards. In the confusion of the moment, tide ebbing fast, the
happy pair are swept down the stream, and having, after the lapse of
a few minutes, set themselves to rights again, begin to wonder what
has happened, and of course never think of trying back against tide
to ascertain the cause; which, however, if they did, would assist
them little, for the moment you have caught your Cockneys, you cast
off the line from the peg, and the cause of the mischief disappears
from the sight--_probatum est_."

"That seems rather a serious joke," said I.

"Umph!" replied Daly; "perhaps you would prefer keeping the line, but
for my part I am not particular."

This he certainly need not have mentioned. Every moment added fresh
evidence to the fearful fact; I was yet unprepared for what was to

"I wish," said my friend, as he plied the oar, "that we had stayed
a little longer at Richmond. I think one more bottle of claret,
_tête-à-tête_, would have been vastly agreeable."

"I should not have disliked it myself," said I. "Is it impossible to
repair the mischief?--is there no agreeable retreat on these shores,
in which we may solace ourselves for our imprudence?"

"No," said my friend; "the Eel-pie House is a wretched hole--the inns
at Twickenham are all inland--there is nothing marine short of the
Toy, and we are to part long before I reach that much-loved spot."

"Then," said I, "we must make up our minds to the evil, and bear it
as well as we can."

At this moment we were under the bank of a beautiful garden, upon
which opened a spacious bow-windowed dinner-room, flanked by an
extensive conservatory. Within the circle of the window was placed a
table, whereon stood bottles and decanters, rising, as it were, from
amidst a cornucopia of the choicest fruits. Around this table were
seated a highly-respectable family; a portly gentleman, whose cheeks
and chin gave ample evidence that such refections were "his custom
always in the afternoon," and near him a lady, evidently his better,
if not his larger half--on either side bloomed two young creatures,
unquestionably the daughters of the well-fed pair. Our appearance,
although the lawn was some twenty or thirty yards in depth, had
caught their attention, as their respective forms and figures had
attracted our notice.

"There," said I, "this scene is exhibited to us by our evil genius,
to tantalize us with the prospect we may not enjoy."

"You are wrong," said Daly, "quite wrong--be quiet--beautiful girls,
cool wine, and agreeable society, are worth making a dash for.
Those girls will we become acquainted with--that society will we
join--those wines will we imbibe."

"Do you know them?" said I.

"Never saw them by any chance in my life," said Daly; "but here
goes--the thing is settled--arranged--done. Have you a pocket-book
and a pencil about you? if you have, lend them to _me_; say nothing,
and I will manage the rest. Assent to all I assert, and stay in the
boat till we are invited to partake of the collation."

"But, my dear sir," said I.

"Mum," said Daly, at the same moment pulling the head of his funny
'chock block,' as the sailors say, into the bank of the garden, upon
whose velvet surface he jumped with the activity of an opera dancer.
I sat in amazement, doubting what he was about to do, and what I
should do myself. The first thing I saw was my friend pacing in
measured steps along the front of the terrace. He then affected to
write down something in my book--then he stopped--raised his hand to
his eyes, as if to make an horizon in order to obtain a level--then
noted something more--and then began to pace the ground afresh.

"Bring the staff out of the boat," said he to me, with an air of
command, which was so extremely well assumed, that I scarcely knew
whether he were in joke or in earnest. I obeyed, and landed with
the staff. Without any further ceremony, he stuck the pole into the
lawn--a measure which, as he whispered to me, while in the act of
taking it, he felt assured would bring things to a crisis.

Sure enough, after a certain ringing of the dinner-room bell, which
we heard, and which conveyed to Daly's mind a conviction that he had
created a sensation, a butler, _bien poudre_, in a blue coat, white
waistcoat, and black _et ceteras_, followed at a properly-graduated
distance by a strapping footman, in a blue-and-scarlet livery, were
seen approaching. I thought the next step would be our sudden and
unceremonious expulsion from the Eden he had trespassed upon--not so
my friend, who continued pacing, and measuring, and "jotting down,"
until the minister for the home department was at his elbow.

"I beg your pardon, gentlemen," said the butler, "but--my master's
compliments, begs to know what your pleasure here is--it is not usual
for strangers to land--and----"

"Exactly like the man in the boat, sir," said Daly, "only quite the
reverse. I am not here for pleasure--business calls me here--duty,
sir--duty. Here, Mr. Higgins, carry the staff to that stump."

These words were addressed to me, and I, completely
infatuated--fascinated, like the bird by the rattle-snake--did as I
was told, not daring to rebel, lest a _dénoûment_ might ensue, which
would _éclater_ in our being jointly and severally kicked into the
river, in which case, from the very little, or rather the very great
deal, which I had seen of my companion during our short acquaintance,
I felt perfectly certain that _I_ should sink, and _he_ would swim;
and that, while I was floundering in all the agonies of ignominy and
disgrace, he would be capering and flourishing with the two pretty
girls in the dining-room, laying all the blame of the affair upon my
most incompetent shoulders, and cracking his jokes upon the tyro who
had so blunderingly botched the business.

The butler, who found that he made very little impression upon Daly,
seemed inclined to come at _me_, which, as I had not the slightest
idea of the game my companion was playing, nor the faintest notion
what he expected to be the result, alarmed me considerably. Daly was
too much on the alert, however, to permit me to be cross-questioned.

"Sir," said he to the butler, "present my compliments to your
master, and make my humble apologies for the liberty I am obliged
to take. I am the acting deputy-assistant surveyor of the Grand
Junction Paddington Canal Company, and an Act of Parliament is just
about to be applied for, to construct and cut a branch from the
basin at Brentford into the river Thames, near this point. A great
deal depends upon my decision as to the line it will take, and I
should not have ventured to land without apprising your master of my
business, but that no time is to be lost, inasmuch as my plan for
the cut must be ready for the committee to-morrow."

"Cut a canal through my master's grounds, sir?" said the butler.

"Right through," said Daly, poking the fore-finger of his right
hand very nearly into the butler's left eye; "and what I am now so
particular about is, I am most anxious that the line should not take
down the corner of the conservatory."

"Dear me, sir," said the man, "my mistress would go mad at the very
thought of such a thing. Will you just wait, sir, while I speak to
Sir Timothy?"

"Certainly," said he; "and assure him--assure Sir Timothy--that I
will do all I can to preserve the elevation of his mansion; for, as
it all depends upon my opinion, I shall, of course, be extremely
scrupulous how I decide."

"I am sure, sir," said the astounded and mollified butler, "Sir
Timothy will be greatly obliged to you. I'll be back directly, sir."

Saying which, the butler returned to the house, and giving a
significant look at the strapping footman, with the grenadier
shoulders and balustrade legs, which seemed to imply that he need not
kick us into the water till he had consulted his master, the fellow
followed him, which afforded me an opportunity of asking my volatile
friend what the deuce he was at.

"Leave me alone," said he,--

      "'Women and wine compare so well,
      They run in a perfect parallel.'

I am the company's acting deputy-assistant surveyor, and having
surveyed this company, I mean to be made a participator in those good
things of which they seem to be in full possession. Yes, Mr. Gurney,
as King Arthur says--

      'It is our royal will and pleasure to be drunk;
      And this, our friend, shall be as drunk as we.'

Who knows but we may make an agreeable and permanent acquaintance
with this interesting family?"

"But," said I, "you don't even know their name."

"You are in error," replied Daly; "the man's name _is_ known to me."

"Then perhaps you are known to _him_," said I.

"That is a _non sequitur_," said Daly; "I knew nothing of him before
I landed here--now I am _au-fait_--my friend in the powder and
sticking-plasters calls his master Sir Timothy. There are hundreds of
Sir Timothies; but what do I, upon hearing this little distinctive
appellation, but glance my eye to the livery-button of the
lacquey--and what do I see there? a serpent issuing from and piercing
a garb or gerb. The crest is unique--_ergo_, my new acquaintance is
neither more nor less than Sir Timothy Dod."

"Why," said I, "you are, like myself, a bit of a herald, too!"

"Exactly," replied Daly; "in my composition are

      'Arts with _arms_ contending;'

I am a bit of every thing; but somehow all my accomplishments are
so jumbled, and each is so minute in itself, that they are patched
together in my mind like the squares of a harlequin's jacket, only
to make their master ridiculous. Here, however, comes Sir Timothy
himself. You are my clerk--keep the staff and the joke up, and you
shall be repaid with some of Tim's very best Lafitte, or I'm an ass."

"Good-day, sir," said Sir Timothy, somewhat warmed with the
intelligence given him by the butler, and the exertion of trotting
him across his lawn. "My servant tells me that you are here for
the purpose of deciding upon the line of some new branch of the
Paddington Canal;--it is very extraordinary I never should have heard
of it!"

"You ought, Sir Timothy," said Daly, "to have been apprised of it. Do
you understand much of ground-plans, Sir Timothy?"

"No, sir; very little indeed," replied the worthy knight.

"So much the better," I heard Daly distinctly say, for he could not
resist an impulse. "If you will just cast your eye over this paper, I
will endeavour to explain, sir. A, there you see;--A is your house,
Sir Timothy; B is the conservatory; C is the river,--that perhaps you
will think strange?"

"No, sir," said Sir Timothy, "not at all."

"Then, sir, D, E, F, and G are the points, from which I take the
direct line from the bridge at Brentford; and thus you perceive, by
continuing that line to the corner of Twickenham churchyard, where
the _embouchure_ is to be----"

"The what, sir?" said Sir Timothy.

"The mouth, sir,--the entrance to the new branch, the canal will clip
your conservatory diagonally to the extent of about eighteen feet six
inches, and leave it deprived of its original dimensions somewhat in
the shape of a cocked-hat box. You see--so, sir,--H, I, K."

"I give you my honour, sir," said Sir Timothy, "such a thing would
drive Lady Dod mad!"

"I admit it would be a dreadful cut," said Daly; "and then the
noise of the bargemen and the barge-horses close under the
windows,--clanking chains,--horrible oaths,--disgusting language----"

"My daughters' bed-rooms are at that end of the house," said Sir
Timothy. "What am I to do, sir? What interest can I make? Are the
magistrates--are the----"

"No, sir," said Daly, with a face of the most imperturbable gravity;
"all that would be perfectly unavailing. The decision as to the
line rests entirely with me; and, as I said to Mr. Higgins, my
assistant,--Higgins," continued he, calling me to him, "let me
present you to Sir Timothy Dod,--I said to Higgins, what a pity it
would be to disturb the Dods,--what a cut at their comforts;--it goes
against my heart to send in the plan, but the line is so decidedly
the shortest. 'Ah, sir!' says Higgins to me, with a deep sigh, I
assure you,--'but _do_ consider the conservatory.'"

"I'm sure, sir," said Sir Timothy, extending his hand to me, "I feel
very grateful for your kindness. It would indeed be a sad thing; and
must the decision be made so soon?"

"Immediately, sir," said Daly; "but we are keeping you out here in
the open air without your hat. I am afraid, sir, you may catch cold."

"Oh no, sir," said Sir Timothy; "don't mind that. Perhaps, gentlemen,
you will do me the kindness to walk in. The servants shall take care
of your boat. I will introduce you to Lady Dod, she must try what
_her_ influence can effect, and I am sure you have the disposition
to serve us. Here, Philip, James, George, some of you, come and make
this boat fast, and stay down by her while the gentlemen stop. Let me
show you the way, gentlemen."

I never shall forget the look which Daly gave me as we followed the
respectable knight to his lady and family,--the triumphant chuckle
of his countenance, the daring laugh in his eyes; while I, who only
saw in the success of the design the beginning of a signal defeat,
scarce knew whether I was walking on my head or my heels: resistance
or remonstrance was equally vain under the circumstances, and in a
few minutes we found ourselves in the presence of Lady Dod and her
daughters, breathing an atmosphere redolent with the fumes of the
departed dinner, and the still remaining fruit and wine. I never was
so abashed in my life. My friend, on the contrary, seemed perfectly
at home; and, placing himself beside her ladyship, made a sign for me
to occupy a vacant seat between the young ladies. Never did I see two
more lovely girls.

The courtesy of Sir Timothy, the sweetness of my lady, and the
constrained fun of the girls, were, I admit, when I recovered my
composure in some degree, a good treat; while Daly, "helping himself
and passing the bottle" to _me_, kept up a fire of conversation,
which, if the senior Dods had known anything of the world, would
have convinced them in ten minutes that the part of acting
deputy-assistant measurer was an assumed one. It certainly was a
sight to see the respectable lady of the house pleading the cause of
her conservatory, and piling the choicest fruits upon the plate of
the arbiter of her destinies, while Fanny's civilities to me were
displayed with equal zeal and far superior grace. I would have given
the world to have owned the truth; and I am sure, if we had done
so, we should not have been the worse received; for, independently
of the excellence of the joke and the impudence of the proceeding,
the relief which would have been afforded to the minds of the whole
Doddery would have ensured us their eternal favour and affection.

Daly having finished the claret, and taken a last "stopper over all"
(as the sailors say) of sherry, gave me the signal for departure. I,
too, gladly took the hint, and drew back my chair. Fanny looked as if
she thought we were in a hurry; however, it was getting late, and my
master had some distance to pull. We accordingly rose and prepared
to take leave. I bowed my adieu to the girls, and shook hands with
Fanny, at which I saw Augusta toss back her head and throw up her
sparkling eyes, as much as to say, "Well, Fanny," meaning exactly the
reverse. I bowed low to my Lady Dod, and Sir Timothy attended us to
our boat. I stepped in; Daly was at the bow; Sir Timothy desired the
man who had been left in charge of the funny to go away; and then
I saw, with doubt and trepidation, the respectable dupe of Daly's
consummate impudence shake him by the hand with a peculiarity of
manner which particularly attracted my attention. I saw him in the
execution of this manœuvre press upon his palm a bank-note, with a
flourish in the corner like the top of a raspberry tartlet.

I never was more agitated. If Daly took this bribe for saving
the corner of the conservatory, it was an act of swindling. The
strawberries, grapes, and claret, were fit matters of joke, although
I admit that it was carrying the joke a little too far; but
money,--if he took _that_, I was resolved to avow the whole affair
to Sir Timothy, show up my companion, and leave him to the fate
he deserved. Judge my mingled delight and horror when I heard him

"Sir! what I have done in your house or in your society to induce
you to believe me capable of taking a bribe to compromise my duty,
I really don't know. Mr. Higgins, I call you to witness that this
person has had the insolence to put a fifty-pound bank-note into my
hand. Witness, too, the manner in which I throw it back to him." Here
he suited the word to the action. "Learn, old gentleman," continued
he, with an anger so well feigned that I almost believed him in
earnest, "that neither fifty nor fifty thousand pounds will warp
an honest man from the duty he owes to his employers; and so, sir,
good-night, and rely upon it, your conservatory goes,--rely upon it,
Sir Timothy;--it comes in the right line, and the short line, and
down it goes--and I feel it incumbent on me not only to tell the
history of your petty bribe, but to prove my unimpeachable integrity
by running the canal right under your dining-room windows; and so,
sir, good-night."

Saying which he jumped into the boat, and, pulling away manfully,
left his unfortunate victim in all the horrors of defeated
corruption, and the certainty of the destruction of his most
favourite object, for the preservation of which he had actually
crammed his betrayers, and committed himself to a perfect stranger.


Not being at this present writing in love with any opera dancer, we
can see with "eyes unprejudiced," that the performances to which we
allude (_ballets_) are in the highest possible degree objectionable
as referring to taste, and disgusting as relating to decency.

First, then, as to taste--nobody upon earth, we should think, can be
bold enough to assert that the horizontal elevation of the female
leg, and the rapid twisting of the body--the subsequent attitude and
expansion of the arms--are graceful--we mean merely as to dancing. No
man certainly, except those whose intellects and appetites are more
debased than those of men in general, can feel either amusement or
gratification in such an exhibition.

Woman is so charming, so fascinating, so winning, and so ruling by
the attractions which properly belong to her--by her delicacy--her
gentleness--and her modesty--that we honestly confess, whenever we
see a lovely girl doing that which degrades her, which must lower her
even in her own estimation, we feel a pang of regret, and lament to
find conduct applauded to the very echo which reduces the beautiful
creatures before us to a mere animal in a state of exhibition.

But if there really be men who take delight in the "_Ionici motus_"
of the Italian Opera, surely _our own_ women should be spared the
sight of such indelicacies: nothing which the Roman satirist mentions
as tending to destroy the delicate feelings of the female sex could
possibly be worse than those which week after week may be seen in the

We have strenuously attacked, for its unnatural indecency, the custom
of dressing actresses in men's attire upon the English stage, but a
lady in small clothes is better on a public theatre than a lady with
no clothes at all.

We are quite ready to admit, without in the smallest degree
lamenting, the superiority of foreigners over the natives of England
in the art and mystery of cutting capers, and if the ladies and
gentlemen annually imported jumped as high as the volteurs in
Potier's "Danaides" at the Porte St. Martin, neither would our envy
nor our grief be excited; but we certainly do eye with mistrust and
jealousy the avidity with which "foreign manners," "foreign customs,"
and "foreign morality," are received into our dear and much-loved

While custom sanctions the nightly commission of waltzing in our best
society, it perhaps is only matter of consolation to the matrons who
permit their daughters to be operated upon in the mysteries of that
dance, to see that women can be found to commit grosser indelicacies
even on a public stage.

A correspondent of the _Spectator_, in the 67th Number, Vol. I.,
describes accurately under another name the mechanical part of the
foreign waltz of these days, and says:--"I suppose this diversion was
first invented to keep up a good understanding between young men and
women; but I am sure, had you been here, you would have seen great
matter for speculation."

We say so now; but the waltz has proved a bad speculation to the
very dowagers who allow it to be committed; for, as can be proved
by reference to fashionable parish registers, there have been fewer
marriages in good society by one half, annually upon the average,
since the introduction of this irritating indecency into England.

If, therefore, the public dances at the King's Theatre are looked at,
merely as authorities for the conduct of private balls, the matter is
still worse; but we have too high an opinion of our countrywomen in
general to think this of them, and we are sure that we are speaking
the sentiment of the most amiable and the most charming when we raise
the voice of rebuke against the dress and deportment of the Italian
_Corps de Ballet_.

One advocate we are certain to have in the person of an old
gentlewoman next to whom we sat last Saturday se'nnight, who clearly
had never been at the Opera during the whole course of her long and
doubtlessly respectable life, till that very evening.

When the ballet commenced, she appeared delighted; but when one of
the principal females began to elevate her leg beyond the horizontal,
she began evidently to fidget, and make a sort of see-saw motion with
her head and body, in pure agitation; at every lofty jump I heard
her ejaculate a little "Oh!" at a somewhat lengthened _pirouette_
she exclaimed, _sotte voce_, "Ah!" with a sigh; but at length, when
a tremendous whirl had divested the greater part of the performer's
figure of drapery--the band ceasing at the moment to give time to the
twirl--the poor old lady screamed out, "Oh, la!"--which was heard all
over the house, and caused a shout of laughter at the expense of a
poor, sober-minded Englishwoman, whose nerves had not been screwed
up to a sufficiently fashionable pitch to witness what she saw was a
perfect, but thought must have been an accidental exposure, of more
of a woman's person than is usually given to the gaze of the million.

Whitlings and whipsters, dandies, demireps, and dancers may rank us
with our fat friend in the tabby silk, to whom we have just referred,
if they please; but we will always run the risk of being counted
unfashionable rather than immoral.

So few people moving in the world take the trouble of thinking for
themselves, that it is necessary to open their eyes to their own
improprieties; the natural answer to a question, "How can you suffer
your daughters to witness such exhibitions?" is, "Why, everybody
else goes, why should not they?" And then, the numerous avocations
of an Opera-house evening divert the attention from the stage. True;
but there is a class of women differently situated, who are subject
to the nuisance, merely because those who do not care about it are
indifferent to its correction; we mean the daughters and wives of
respectable aldermen and drysalters, and tradesmen of a superior
class, who are rattled and shaken to the Opera once or twice in the
season, in a hackney-coach, and come into the pit all over finery,
with long straws abstracted from "their carriage," sticking in their

Who is there that does not know that the Lady Patronesses of Almack's
have interdicted pantaloons, tight or loose, at their assemblies?
We have seen a MS. instruction (which, alas! never was printed)
from this mighty conclave, announcing their fiat in these words:
"_Gentlemen will not be admitted without breeches and stockings!_"

No sooner was this mandate, in whatever terms the published one was
couched, fulminated from King Street, than the "lean and slippered
pantaloon" was exterminated, and, as the Directresses directed,
"short hose" were the order of the day.

If the same lovely and honourable ladies were to take the Opera House
under their purifying control, and issue, in the same spirit at
least, an order that "Ladies will not be permitted to appear without
----" (whatever may be the proper names for the drapery of females)
we are quite convinced that they would render a great service to
society, and extricate the national character from a reproach which
the tacit endurance of such grossnesses has, in the minds of all
moderate people, unfortunately cast upon it at present.--_John Bull_,


Few persons can have passed through life, or London, without having
experienced more or less insult from the authoritative manner and
coarse language of the fellows who keep the different toll-bars round
the metropolis; but even were those persons uniformly civil and
well-behaved, the innumerable demands which they are authorised to
make, and the necessary frequency of their conversation and appeals
to the traveller, are of themselves enough to provoke the impatience
of the most placid passenger in Christendom.


Hook, in his letter to Broderip (facsimile given elsewhere) suggests
that as they are going to Ascot races _tête-à-tête_, it might be as
well to speak of it as _neck-and-neck_. A rough sketch is enclosed of
the Zoological Gardens, Hook pointing with pride to the _necks_ of
the giraffes.]

We will select one line of about three or four miles, which will
answer by way of an example of what we mean: A man, driving himself
(without a servant), starts from Bishopsgate-street for Kilburn. The
day is cold and rainy--his fingers are benumbed; his two coats
buttoned up; his money in tight pantaloon-pockets; his horse restive,
apt to kick if the reins touch his tail; his gloves soaked with wet;
and himself half-an-hour too late for dinner. He has to pull up in
the middle of the street in Shoreditch, and pay a toll;--he means to
return, therefore he takes a ticket, letter A. On reaching Shoreditch
Church, he turns into the Curtain Road, pulls up again, drags off
his wet glove with his teeth, his other hand being fully occupied in
holding up the reins and the whip; pays again; gets another ticket,
number 482; drags on his glove; buttons up his coats, and rattles
away into Old Street Road; another gate; more pulling and poking, and
unbuttoning and squeezing. He pays, and takes another ticket, letter
L. The operation of getting all to rights takes place once more, nor
is it repeated until he reaches Goswell Street Road; here he performs
all the ceremonies we have already described, for a fourth time, and
gets a fourth ticket, 732, which is to clear him through the gates in
the New Road, as far as the bottom of Pentonville;--arrived there,
he performs once more all the same evolutions, and procures a fifth
ticket, letter X, which, unless some sinister accident occur, is to
carry him clear to the Paddington Road; but opening the fine space of
the Regent's Park, at the top of Portland Street, the north breeze
blowing fresh from Hampstead, bursts upon his buggy, and all the
tickets which he had received from all the gates which he has paid,
and which he had stuffed _seriatim_ between the cushion and lining
of his dennet, suddenly rise, like a covey of partridges, from the
corner, and he sees the dingy vouchers for his expenditure proceeding
down Portland Street at full speed. They are rescued, however,
muddy and filthy as they are, by the sweeper of the crossing, who
is, of course, rewarded by the driver for his attention with a
larger sum than he had originally disbursed for all the gates; and
when deposited again in the vehicle, not in their former order of
arrangement, the unfortunate traveller spends at least ten minutes
at the next gate in selecting the particular ticket which is there
required to insure his free passage.

Conquering all these difficulties, he reaches Paddington Gate, where
he pays afresh, and obtains a ticket, 691, with which he proceeds
swimmingly until stopped again at Kilburn, to pay a toll, which would
clear him all the way to Stanmore, if he were not going to dine at
a house three doors beyond the very turnpike, where he pays for the
seventh time, and where he obtains a seventh ticket, letter G.

He dines and "wines;" and the bee's-wing from the citizen's port
gives new velocity to Time. The dennet was ordered at eleven;
and, although neither tides nor the old gentleman just mentioned,
wait for any man, except Tom Hill, horses and dennets will. It is
nearer midnight than eleven when the visitor departs, even better
buttoned up than in the morning, his lamps giving cheerfulness to the
equipage, and light to the road; and his horse whisking along (his
nostrils pouring forth breath like smoke from safety-valves), and the
whole affair actually in motion at the rate of ten miles per hour.
Stopped at Paddington. "Pay here?"--"L."--"Won't do."--"G?"--(The
horse fidgety all this time, and the driver trying to read the dirty
tickets by the little light which is emitted through the _tops_ of
his lamps,)--"X?"--"It's no letter, I tell you?"--"482,"--"No." At
this juncture the clock strikes twelve--the driver is told that
his reading and rummaging are alike useless, for that a new day
has begun. The coats are, therefore, unbuttoned--the gloves pulled
off--the money to be fished out--the driver discovers that his last
shilling was paid to the ostler at the inn where his horse was fed
and that he must change a sovereign to pay the gate. This operation
the toll-keeper performs; nor does the driver discover, until the
morning, that one of the half-crowns and four of the shillings which
he has received, are bad. Satisfied, however, with what has occurred,
he determines at all hazards to drive home over the stones,
and avoid all further importunities from the turnpike-keepers.
Accordingly, away he goes along Oxford Street, over the pavement,
working into one hole and tumbling into another, like a ball on a
_trou madame_ table, until, at the end of George Street, St. Giles's,
snap goes his axle-tree; away goes his horse, dashing the dennet
against a post at the corner of Plumtree Street, leaving the driver,
with his collar-bone and left arm broken, on the pavement, at the
mercy of two or three popish bricklayers and a couple of women of the
town, who humanely lift him to the coach-stand, and deposit him in
a hackney-chariot, having previously cut off the skirts of both his
coats, and relieved him, not only of his loose change, but of a gold
repeater, a snuff-box, and a pocket-book full of notes and memoranda,
of no use but to the owner.

The unhappy victim at length reaches home, in agonies from the
continued roughness of the pre-adamite pavement, is put to
bed--doctors are sent for, the fractures are reduced, and in seven
weeks he is able to crawl into his counting-house to write a cheque
for a new dennet, and give his people orders to shoot his valuable
horse, who has so dreadfully injured himself on the fatal night as to
be past recovery.


Tom Sheridan was staying at Lord Craven's at Benham (or rather
Hampstead), and one day proceeded on a shooting excursion, like
Hawthorn, with only "his dog and his gun," on foot, and unattended by
companion or keeper; the sport was bad--the birds few and shy--and he
walked and walked in search of game, until, unconsciously, he entered
the domain of some neighbouring squire.

A very short time after, he perceived advancing towards him, at the
top of his speed, a jolly, comfortable-looking gentleman, followed
by a servant, armed, as it appeared, for conflict. Tom took up a
position, and waited the approach of the enemy.

"Hallo! you sir," said the squire, when within half-earshot, "what
are you doing here, sir, eh?"

"I'm shooting, sir," said Tom.

"Do you know where you are, sir?" said the squire.

"I'm here, sir," said Tom.

"Here, sir," said the squire, growing angry; "and do you know where
here _is_, sir? These, sir, are _my_ manors; what d'ye think of that,
sir, eh?"

"Why, sir, as to your manners," said Tom, "I can't say they seem over

"I don't want any jokes, sir," said the squire, "I hate jokes. Who
are you, sir?--what are you?"

"Why, sir," said Tom, "my name is Sheridan--I am staying at Lord
Craven's--I have come out for some sport--I have not had any, and I
am not aware that I am trespassing."

"Sheridan!" said the squire, cooling a little; "oh, from Lord
Craven's, eh? Well, sir, I could not know _that_, sir--I----'

"No, sir," said Tom, "but you need not have been in a passion."

"Not in a passion! Mr. Sheridan," said the squire, "you don't know,
sir, what these preserves have cost me, and the pains and trouble I
have been at with them; it's all very well for _you_ to talk, but if
you were in _my_ place I should like to know what _you_ would say
upon such an occasion."

"Why, sir," said Tom, "if I were in _your_ place, under all the
circumstances, I should say--'I am convinced, Mr. Sheridan, you did
not mean to annoy me; and, as you look a good deal tired, perhaps
you'll come up to my house and take some refreshment?'"

The squire was hit hard by this nonchalance, and (as the newspapers
say), "it is needless to add," acted upon Sheridan's suggestion.

"So far," said poor Tom, "the story tells for me,--now you shall hear
the sequel."

After having regaled himself at the squire's house, and having said
five hundred more good things than he swallowed; having delighted his
host, and more than half won the hearts of his wife and daughters,
the sportsman proceeded on his return homewards.

In the course of his walk he passed through a farm-yard; in the front
of the farm-house was a green, in the centre of which was a pond, in
the pond were ducks innumerable swimming and diving; on its verdant
banks a motley group of gallant cocks and pert partlets, picking and
feeding--the farmer was leaning over the hatch of the barn, which
stood near two cottages on the side of the green.

Tom hated to go back with an empty bag; and having failed in his
attempts at higher game, it struck him as a good joke to ridicule the
exploits of the day himself, in order to prevent any one else from
doing it for him, and he thought to carry home a certain number of
the domestic inhabitants of the pond and its vicinity would serve the
purpose admirably. Accordingly, up he goes to the farmer and accosts
him very civilly--

"My good friend," says Tom, "I'll make you an offer."

"Of what, sur?" says the farmer.

"Why," replies Tom, "I've been out all day fagging after birds, and
haven't had a shot--now, both my barrels are loaded--I should like to
take home something; what shall I give you to let me have a shot with
each barrel at those ducks and fowls--I standing here--and to have
whatever I kill?"

"What sort of a shot are you?" said the farmer.

"Fairish," said Tom, "fairish."

"And to _have_ all you kill?" said the farmer, "eh?"

"Exactly so," said Tom.

"Half a guinea," said the farmer.

"That's too much," said Tom. "I'll tell you what I'll do--I'll give
you a seven-shilling piece, which happens to be all the money I have
in my pocket."

"Well," said the man, "hand it over."

The payment was made--Tom, true to his bargain, took his post by the
barn-door, and let fly with one barrel and then with the other; and
such quacking and splashing, and screaming and fluttering, had never
been seen in that place before.

Away ran Tom, and, delighted at his success, picked up first a hen,
then a chicken, then fished out a dying duck or two, and so on, until
he numbered eight head of domestic game, with which his bag was nobly

"Those were right good shots, sir," said the farmer.

"Yes," said Tom, "eight ducks and fowls were more than you
bargained for, old fellow--worth rather more, I suspect, than seven

"Why, yes," said the man, scratching his head--"I think they be; but
what do I care for that--_they are none of them mine_!"

"Here," said Tom, "I was for once in my life _beaten_, and made off
as fast as I could, for fear the right owner of my game might make
his appearance--not but that I could have given the fellow that took
me in seven times as much as I did for his cunning and coolness."


      In Chester's town a man there dwelt,
        Not rich as Crœsus, but a buck;
      The pangs of love he clearly felt--
        His name was _Thomas Clutterbuck_.
      The lady he did most approve
        Most guineas gold had got 'em;
      And Clutterbuck fell deep in love
        With _Polly Higginbottom_.
              O Thomas Clutterbuck!
              And O Polly Higginbottom!
          I sing the loves--the smiling lives--
            Of Clutterbuck and Higginbottom.

      A little trip he did propose:--
        Upon the Dee they got 'em;
      The wind blew high--he blew his nose,
        And sung to Polly Higginbottom.
      The strain was sweet--the stream was deep--
        He thought his notes had caught her;
      But she, alas! first fell--asleep;
        And then fell--in the water.
              O Polly Higginbottom!
              She went to the bottom--
          I sing the death--the doleful death!--
            Of pretty Polly Higginbottom!

      Yet still he strain'd his little throat;
        To love he did invite her;
      And never miss'd her--till his boat,
        He thought, went rather lighter.
      But when he found that she was lost,
        The summum of his wishes--
      _He boldly paid the waterman_,
        And jump'd among the fishes.
              O Polly Higginbottom,
              He comes to the bottom!
          I sing the death--the double death--
            Of Clutterbuck and Higginbottom.

      Round Chester stalk the river ghosts
        Of this young man and fair maid:
      His head looks like a _salmon-trout_;
        Her tail is like a _mermaid_.


      Learn this, ye constant lovers all,
        Who live on England's island--
      The way to shun a watery death
        Is making love on dry land!
              O Polly Higginbottom,
              Who lies at the bottom!
          So sing the ghosts--the water-ghosts--
            Of Clutterbuck and Higginbottom.


      Mary once had lovers two--
      "Ah!" cries one, "what shall I do?
        Mary dear, I'm dying!"
      T' other vow'd him just the same--
        Dead in grief's vagary;
      But sighs could never raise a flame
        In the heart of Mary.

      A youth there came, all blithe and gay--
      Sporting--courting, all the day--
        And set the bells a-ringing.
      Soon he tripp'd it off to church,
        Lightly, gay, and airy;
      Leaving t' others in the lurch,
        Sighing--after Mary.


      In the famed town of Cadiz
      Lived the fairest of ladies,
        Donna Louisa Isabella:
      And she had a lover,
      Who did his mind discover;
        And she thought him a charming fellow.

      Now this fairest of ladies
      Had a father lived in Cadiz,
        And he lock'd her within a high tower:
      And her lover coming thither,
      He promised to be with her
        At a certain appointed hour.

      He was there at the time,
      And he call'd out in rhyme--
        For his heart was consumed to a cinder--
      "You have nothing now to fear,
      Since your Philip now is here;--
        Louisa, pray come to the window!"

      The lady appears,
      And quiets all his fears;
        For his boldness she likes him the better.
      "All I want," says he, "to do,
      Is to get convey'd to you--
        This very interesting letter!"


      A blacksmith, you'll own, is so clever,
        And great in the world is his place;
      And the reason I've guess'd, why for ever
        A blacksmith's deserving of grace.
      Great lawyers who plead and who preach,
        While many good causes they mar,
      May yield to the blacksmith to teach,
        For he labours still more at the _bar_!

      When great men do wrong in the State,
        The Commons try hard at their polls;
      While the blacksmith, as certain as fate,
        Could have 'em _haul'd over the coals_.
      And if rogues put their name to a draft,
        The law for their hanging will teaze;
      But blacksmiths are free from all craft,
        And may _forge_ just as much as they please.

      The _vices_ of trade he holds cheap,
        And laughs at the world as it rails,
      For, spite of the pother they keep,
        They can't make a smith _eat his nails_!
      And if, to his praise be it spoke,
        To raise him still higher and higher;
      You may say, and without any joke,
        All he gets is got _out of the fire_!

      Then let blacksmiths be toasted round,
        For well it may always be said,
      When a fortune by blacksmiths is found,
        They must hit the right _nail o' the head_.

      No _irony_ now I'm about,
        To his _metal_ you'll find him still true,
      Since I've _hammer'd his history out_,
        I hope 'twill be temper'd by you.


      When I was a chicken I went to school,
      My master would call me an obstinate fool,
      For I ruled the roast, and I roasted all rule,
        And he wonder'd how ever he bore me.
      His tables I blotted, his windows I broke,
      I fired his wig, and I laughed at the smoke,
      And always replied if he row'd at the joke,
        Why--my father did so before me.

      I met a young girl, and I pray'd to the miss,
      I fell on my knee, and I ask'd for a kiss,
      She twice said no, but she once said yes,
        And in marriage declared she'd restore me.
      We loved and we quarrell'd, like April our strife,
      I guzzled my stoup, and I buried my wife;
      But the thing that consoled me at this time of life
        Was--my father did so before me.

      Then now I'm resolv'd at all sorrows to blink--
      Since winking's the tippy I'll tip 'em the wink,
      I'll never get drunk when I cannot get drink,
        Nor ever let misery bore me.
      I sneer at the Fates, and I laugh at their spite,
      I sit down contented to sit up all night,
      And when my time comes, from the world take my flight,
        For--my father did so before me.


      Throughout my life the girls I've pleased,
        So merry, so blithe and gay;
      I've coax'd, I've flatter'd, I've sigh'd, and teased,
        And stole their young hearts away.
      With their lips so red, and their eyes so bright,
      Their nut-brown locks and their teeth so white,
      The lasses were always my delight,
        And I am the boy for them.
          With my capering, tapering, twirling toe,
            My billet-doux note or letter a;
          My sighing--pining--whining--oh!
            My person--eye--etcetera!

      My taste is wondrous civil, too;
        For mark, ye ladies, this--
      There's nought you say, there's nought you do,
        To me can come amiss.
      If serious be your turn of mind,
      To grunt and groan I'm then inclined;
      But if you'll laugh, why, still you'll find
        That I'm the boy for you.
          With my capering, etc.

      Then as to person, what of that?
        Of all the girls I've seen,
      If they've been plump, I've loved them fat;
        If thin, admired them lean;
      And as to height, make no ado;
      It matters not, I tell you true,
      Whether two feet six, or six feet two,
        Still I am the boy for you.
          With my capering, etc.


      When clouds obscure the evening sky,
        And rains in torrents pour,
      The inn with joy the travellers spy,
        And seek its welcome door.
      'Tis there I stand to please them all,
        And follow still my trade;
      I smile and run whene'er they call,
        A merry little chambermaid.

      But when appears the dawn of day,
        Farewell to every guest,
      They take their leaves and onward stray,
        Some east and others west.
      And when that horrid bore, the bill,
        Is call'd for, read, and paid,
      I cry, "I hope, give what you will,
        You'll not forget the chambermaid."

      Thus happy might I pass my life,
        But love rules in my breast,
      And till I'm made a happy wife,
        I ne'er shall be at rest.
      Then Fortune's gifts in vain she sheds,
        For love I leave my trade;
      And give my all to him who weds
        The merry little chambermaid.


      When I was a very little fellow,
        To Italy I went
        Upon music intent,
      With a voice very pliable and mellow.
        Il sondo to my earo
        Si suito e so clearo.
        I like it;--I love it;--I adore, oh
      And den it was I resolved to have some more,
        Che il gela del timore
        Sua Pace in tanta pena
        Tanta Smorza l'ardore,
        Gia sento in ogni vena.

        To Turkey then I bent my way;
          Tink, tink, a ting a ring, oh!
        When cymbals jingle, music play,
          Ting, ting a ting a ring, oh!
        Yet then I change;
        To Germany I range;
        And Holland, too, mynher vat is der name,
        Bazzoon, O Gloch da cram bo
        Vat can a, do, do!
        Then turn again
        To flippant Spain,
        Fast as ever I can go,
        Where pretty sets
        With castanets
        Tack a rack to the merry Fandango.

        In France I there
        Learn'd many an air,
        And music made my gain
        With _Comment ça_,
        _Monsieur?_ Ha! Ha!
        Miron ton ton ton tain!
        But near home I got land,
        And lilted I into Scotland,
        Where Donald loo'd fair Maggie bonnie;
        She loo'd Jock and hated Johnny;
        Wi bit love between 'em ganging,
        Sawney gied the lad a banging.

        And now to Hibernia, the true land of harmony,
        Tippling your whiskey to Shelim a gig,
        Music, love, wine, and true friendship so charming ye,
        Blood and ouns, boderoo, fizle my gig.
        In England, no music is fit to be read,
        Save one glorious tune that's in every one's head.
        'Tis a tune we delight in,
        So glorious to sing;
        God save great George our King,
        Long live our noble King!



      The plump Lady Tott to her husband one day
      Said, "Let us go driving this evening, I pray."
        (Lady Tott was an alderman's daughter.)
      "Well, where shall we go?" said Sir Tilbury Tott;
      "Why, my love," said my lady, "the weather is hot,
        Suppose we drive round by the water,--
              The water,--
        Suppose we drive round by the water."

      The dinner was ended, the claret was "done,"
      The knight getting up--getting down was the sun,--
        And my lady agog for heart-slaughter;
      When Sir Tilbury, lazy, like cows after grains,
      Said, "The weather is lowering, my love; see, it rains,--
        Only look at the drops in the water,--
              The water,--
        Only look at the drops in the water."

      Lady Tott, who, when earnestly fix'd on a drive,
      Overcame all excuses Sir Til might contrive,
        Had her bonnet and parasol brought her:
      Says she, "Dear Sir Til, don't let me ask in vain;
      The dots in the pond which you take to be rain,
        Are nothing but flies in the water,--
                The water,--
        Are nothing but flies in the water."

      Sir Tilbury saw that he could not escape;
      So he put on his coat, with a three-doubled cape,
        And then by the hand gently caught her;
      And lifting her up to his high one-horse "shay,"
      She settled her "things," and the pair drove away,
        And skirted the edge of the water,--
                The water,--
        And skirted the edge of the water.

      Sir Til was quite right; on the top of his crown,
      Like small shot in volleys, the rain pepper'd down,--
        Only small shot would do much more slaughter,--
      Till the gay Lady Tott, who was getting quite wet,
      Said, "My dear Sir T. T.," in a kind of half pet,
        "Turn back, for I'm drench'd with rain-water,--
        Turn back, for I'm drench'd with rain-water."

      "Oh, dear Lady T," said Til, winking his eye,
      "You everything know so much better than I;"
        (For, when angry, with kindness he fought her.)
      "You may fancy this rain, as I did before,
      But you show'd me my folly;--'tis really no more
        Than the skimming of flies in the water,--
                The water,--
        Than the skimming of flies in the water."

      He drove her about for an hour or two,
      Till her ladyship's clothes were completely soak'd through,
        Then home to Tott Cottage he brought her,
      And said, "Now, Lady T., by the joke of to-night,
      I'll _reign_ over you; for you'll own that I'm right,
        And know rain, ma'am, from flies in the water,--
                The water,--
        Know rain, ma'am, from flies in the water."


_Tune_--"The Sprig of Shillelagh."

      Och, tell me truth now, and did you ne'er hear
      Of a pair of big traitors, call'd Jaffier and Pierre,
        Who thought that their country was shockingly served?
      Who met in the dark, and the night, and the fogs,--
      Who "howl'd at the moon" and call'd themselves "dogs,"
      Till Jaffier to Pierre pledged his honour and life,
      And into the bargain his iligant wife,--
        By which very means was ould Venice preserved.

      The ringleaders held a snug club in the town,
      The object of which was to knock the Doge down,
        Because from his duty they thought he had swerved.
      They met every evening, and more was their fault,
      At the house of a gentleman, Mr. Renault,
      Who--och, the spalpeen!--when they all went away,
      Stay'd at home, and made love to the sweet Mrs. J.,--
        By which, in the end, was ould Venice preserved.

      When Jaffier came back, his most delicate belle--
      Belvidera they call'd her--determined to tell
        How she by old Renault that night had been served.
      This blew up a breeze, and made Jaffier repent
      Of the plots he had laid: to the Senate he went.
      He got safe home by twelve: his wife bade him not fail;
      And by half-after-one he was snug in the gaol,--
        By which, as we'll see, was ould Venice preserved.

      The Doge and the Court, when J.'s story they'd heard,
      Thought it good for the country to forfeit their word,
        And break the conditions they should have observed.
      So they sent the police out to clear every street,
      And seize whomsoever by chance they might meet;
      And before the bright sun was aloft in the sky,
      Twenty-two of the party were sentenced to die,--
        And that was the way was ould Venice preserved.

      Mr. Jaffier, who 'peach'd, was let off at the time;
      But that wouldn't do, he committed a crime,
        Which punishment more than his others deserved;
      So when Pierre was condemn'd, to the scaffold he went,
      Pierre whisper'd and nodded, and J. said "Content."
      They mounted together, till kind Mr. J.,
      Having stabb'd Mr. P., served himself the same way,--
        And so was their honour in Venice preserved.

      But och! what a scene, when the beautiful Bell,
      At her father's, found out how her dear husband fell!
        The sight would the stoutest of hearts have unnerved.
      She did nothing but tumble, and squabble, and rave,
      And try to scratch J., with her nails from the grave.
      This lasted three months, when, cured of her pain,
      She chuck'd off her weeds, and got married again,--
        By which very means was this _Venus_ preserved.


      When Summer's smiles rejoice the plains,
        And deck the vale with flowers;
      And blushing nymphs, and gentle swains,
        With love beguile the hours;
      Oh! then conceive the ills that mock
        The well-dress'd London sinner,
      Invited just at seven o'clock
        To join a "daylight dinner."

      The sun, no trees the eye to shade,
        Glares full into the windows,
      And scorches widow, wife, and maid
        Just as it does the Hindoos;
      One's shoes look brown, one's black looks grey,
        One's legs if thin, look thinner;
      There's nothing equals, in its way,
        A London daylight dinner.

      The cloth seems blue, the plate's like lead,
        The faded carpet dirty,
      Grey hairs peep out from each dark head,
        And twenty looks like thirty.
      You sit beside an heiress gay,
        And do your best to win her,
      But oh!--what can one do or say,
        If 'tis a daylight dinner?

      A lovely dame just forty-one,
        At night a charming creature,
      My praise unqualified had won,
        In figure, form, and feature,
      That _she_ was born, without a doubt,
        Before the days of Jenner,
      By sitting next her, I found out,
        Once at a daylight dinner.

      Freckles, and moles, and holes, and spots,
        The envious sun discloses,
      And little bumps, and little dots,
        On chins, and cheeks, and noses.
      Last Monday, Kate, when next me placed
        (A most determined grinner),
      Betray'd four teeth of mineral paste,
        Eating a daylight dinner.

       *       *       *       *       *


_Tune_--"Bow, wow, wow."

      If any man loves comfort and has little cash to buy it, he
      Should get into a _crowded_ club--a most _select_ society;
      While solitude and mutton-cutlets serve _infelix uxor_, he
      May have his club (like Hercules) and revel there in luxury.
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      Yes, _Clubs_ knock taverns on the head! e'en _Hatchetts_ can't
            demolish them;
      _Joy grieves_ to see their magnitude, and _Long_ longs to
            abolish them.
      The _Inns_ are _out_! hotels for single men scarce keep alive on it,
      While none but houses that are in the _Family way_ thrive on it!
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      There's first the Athenæum club, so wise, there's not a man of it
      That has not sense enough for six, (in fact, that is the plan of it:)
      The very waiters answer you with eloquence Socratical,
      And always place the knives and forks in order mathematical.
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      Then opposite the _mental_ club you'll find the _regi_mental one,
      A meeting made of men of war, and yet a very gentle one;
      If _uniform_ good living please your palate, here's excess of it,
      Especially at private dinners, when they _make a mess of it_!
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      E'en Isis has a house in Town! and Cam abandons _her_ city!
      The _Master_ now hangs out at the United University;
      In Common Room she gave a route! (a novel freak to hit upon)
      Where Masters gave the Mistresses of Arts no chairs to sit upon!
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      The Union Club is quite superb--it's best apartment daily is
      The lounge of lawyers, doctors, merchants, beaux _cum multis aliis_:
      At half-past six, the _joint concern_, for eighteenpence, is given
      Half-pints of port are sent in _ketchup bottles_ to enliven you!
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      The travellers are in Pall Mall, and smoke cigars so cosily,
      And dream they climb the highest Alps, or rove the plains of Moselai;
      The world for them has nothing new, they have explor'd all parts
            of it,
      And now they are club-footed! and they sit and look at charts of it.
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      The Orientals homeward bound, now seek their clubs much sallower,
      And while they eat green fat, they find their own fat growing
      Their soup is made _more savoury_, till bile to shadows dwindles 'em,
      And Messrs. _Savory_ and _Moore_ with seidlitz draughts rekindles 'em.
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      Then there are clubs where persons Parliamentary preponderate,
      And clubs for men _upon the turf_--(I wonder they aren't _under it_)--
      Clubs where the _winning_ ways of _sharper_ folks pervert the _use_ of
      Where _knaves_ will make subscribers cry, "Egad, this is the _deuce_
            of clubs."
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.

      For country Squires the only club in London now is Boodles, sirs,
      The Crockford club for playful men, the Alfred club for noodles, sirs,
      These are the stages which all men propose to play their parts upon,
      For _clubs_ are what the Londoners have clearly set their _hearts_
                                            Bow, wow, wow, etc.


N.B.--A lady having presented the Author, on a visit, with her
_thumb_ to shake _hands_ with, the Muse opened her mouth and spake as

      Some women at parting scarce give you
        So much as a simple good-bye,
      And from others as long as you live, you
        Will never be bless'd with a sigh;
      Some will press you so warmly, you'd linger
        Beside them for ever, and some
      Will give you an icy forefinger,
        But Fanny presents you a thumb.

      Some will give you a look of indifference,
        Others will give you a smile;
      While some of the colder and stiffer ones,
        Bow in their own chilly style.
      There are some who look merry at parting,
        And some who look wofully glum;
      Some give you a blessing at starting,
        But Fanny just gives you a thumb.

      There are some who will go to the door with you,
        Some ring for the man or the maid;
      Some who do less, and some more, with you,
        And a few would be glad if you stay'd.
      A good many wish you'd be slack again,
        Their way on a visit to come;
      Two or three give you leave to go back again,
        But Fanny gives only her thumb.

      With a number, ten minutes are longer
        Than you find yourself welcome to stay;
      While some, whose affections are stronger,
        Would like to detain you all day.
      Some offer you sherry and biscuit,
        Others give not a drop nor a crumb;
      Some a sandwich, from sirloin or brisket,
        But Fanny gives simply her thumb.

      Some look with a sort of a squint to you,
        Some whisper they've visits to make;
      Some glance at their watches--a hint to you,
        Which, if you are wise, you will take.
      Some faintly invite you to dinner,
        (So faint, you may see it's all hum,
      Unless you're a silly beginner,)
        But Fanny presents you a thumb.

      Some chatter--thirteen to the dozen--
        Some don't speak a word all the time;
      Some open the albums they've chosen,
        And beg you to scribble in rhyme;
      Some bellow so loud, they admonish
        Your ear to take care of its drum;
      Some give you an ogle quite _tonish_,
        But Fanny gives nought, save her thumb.

      Some wonder how long you've been absent,
        Despair of your coming again;
      While some have a coach or a cab sent,
        To take you away if it rain.
      Some shut up their windows in summer,
        Some won't stir the fire, though you're numb;
      Some give you hot punch in a rummer,
        But Fanny gives only her thumb.

      Some talk about scandal, or lovers,
        Some talk about Byron or Scott;
      Some offer you eggs laid by plovers,
        Some offer the luck of the pot;
      A great many offer you nothing,
        They sit, like automata, dumb,
      The silly ones give you a loathing,
        But Fanny gives merely her thumb.

      Some bore you with six-year-old gabies,
        In the shape of a master or miss;
      Others hold up their slobbering babies,
        Which you must be a brute not to kiss:
      Some tell you their household disasters,
        While others their instruments strum;
      Some give you receipts for corn plasters,
        But Fanny presents you her thumb.

      Some talk of the play they've been last at,
        And some of the steam-driven coach;
      While those who are prudes look aghast at
        Each piece of new scandal you broach:
      Some talk of converting the Hindoos,
        To relish, like Christians, their rum;
      Some give you a view from their windows,
        But Fanny gives only her thumb.

      Some ask what you think of the tussel, man,
        Between the all-lies and the Porte;
      And Cod-rington's thrashing the muscle-man
        (Puns being such people's forte).
      The men speak of change in the Cabinet;
        The women--how can they sit mum?
      Give their thoughts upon laces and tabinet,
        But Fanny gives merely her thumb.

      Some speak of the Marquis of Lansdowne,
        Who, to prove the old proverb, has set
      About thief-catching--laying wise plans down
        In the _Hue and Cry_ weekly gazette.
      Some think that the Whigs are but noodles
        (But such are, of course, the mere scum);
      Some give you long tales of their poodles,
        But Fanny presents you her thumb.

      Good luck to them all!--where I visit,
        I meet with warm hearts and warm hands;
      But that's not a common thing, is it?
        For I neither have houses nor lands:
      Not a look but the soul has a part in it,
        (How different the looks are of some!)
      Oh! give me a hand with a heart in it,
        And the devil take finger and thumb.


      You put above your door, and in your bills,
      You're manufacturer of _pens_ and _quills_;
      And for the first you well may feel a pride,
      Your _pens_ are better far than most I've tried;
      But for the _quills_ your words are somewhat loose--
      Who _manufactures quills_ must be a Goose.


      It seems as if nature had curiously plann'd,
        That men's names with their trades should agree;
      There's Twining the Tea-man, who lives in the Strand,
        Would be _whining_ if robb'd of his T.


      When Dido's spouse to Dido would not come,
      She mourn'd in silence, and was DI, DO, DUMB!



Literature, even in this literary age, is not the ordinary pursuit
of the citizens of London, although every merchant is necessarily
a man of letters, and underwriters are as common as cucumbers.
Notwithstanding, however, my being a citizen, I am tempted to
disclose the miseries and misfortunes of my life in these pages,
because, having heard the "Anniversary" called a splendid annual,
I hope for sympathy from its readers, seeing that I have been a
"splendid annual" myself.

My name is Scropps--I _am_ an Alderman--I _was_ Sheriff--I _have
been_ Lord Mayor--and the three great eras of my existence were the
year of my shrievalty, the year of my mayoralty, and the year after
it. Until I had passed through this ordeal I had no conception of the
extremes of happiness and wretchedness to which a human being may be
carried, nor ever believed that society presented to its members an
eminence so exalted as that which I once touched, or imagined a fall
so great as that which I experienced.

I came originally from that place to which persons of bad character
are sent--I mean Coventry, where my father for many years contributed
his share to the success of parliamentary candidates, the happiness
of new married couples, and even the gratification of ambitious
courtiers, by taking part in the manufacture of ribands for election
cockades, wedding favours, and cordons of chivalry; but trade
failed, and, like his betters, he became bankrupt, but, unlike his
betters, without any consequent advantage to himself; and I, at
the age of fifteen, was thrown upon the world with nothing but a
strong constitution, a moderate education, and fifteen shillings and
elevenpence three farthings in my pocket.

With these qualifications I started from my native town on a
pedestrian excursion to London; and, although I fell into none of
those romantic adventures of which I had read at school, I met
with more kindness than the world generally gets credit for, and
on the fourth day after my departure, having slept soundly, if not
magnificently, every night, and eaten with an appetite which my mode
of travelling was admirably calculated to stimulate, reached the
great metropolis, having preserved of my patrimony no less a sum than
nine shillings and sevenpence.

The bells of one of the churches in the city were ringing merrily
as I descended the heights of Islington; and were it not that my
patronymic Scropps never could, under the most improved system of
campanology, be jingled into anything harmonious, I have no doubt I,
like my great predecessor Whittington, might have heard in that peal
a prediction of my future exaltation; certain it is I did not; and,
wearied with my journey, I took up my lodging for the night at a very
humble house near Smithfield, to which I had been kindly recommended
by the driver of a return post-chaise, of whose liberal offer of the
moiety of his bar to town, I had availed myself at Barnet.

As it is not my intention to deduce a moral from my progress in
the world at this period of my life, I need not here dilate upon
the good policy of honesty, or the advantages of temperance and
perseverance, by which I worked my way upwards, until, after meriting
the confidence of an excellent master, I found myself enjoying it
fully. To his business I succeeded at his death, having several years
before, with his sanction, married a young and deserving woman,
about my own age, of whose prudence and skill in household matters
I had long had a daily experience. In the subordinate character of
his sole domestic servant, in which she figured when I first knew
her, she had but few opportunities of displaying her intellectual
qualities, but when she rose in the world, and felt the cheering
influence of prosperity, her mind, like a balloon soaring into
regions where the bright sun beams on it, expanded, and she became,
as she remains, the kind unsophisticated partner of my sorrows and
my pleasures, the friend of my heart, and the guiding-star of my

To be brief, Providence blessed my efforts and increased my means; I
became a wholesale dealer in everything, from barrels of gunpowder
down to pickled herrings; in the civic acceptation of the word I was
a merchant, amongst the vulgar I am called a drysalter. I accumulated
wealth; with my fortune my family also grew, and one male Scropps,
and four female ditto, grace my board at least once in every week;
for I hold it an article of faith to have a sirloin of roasted beef
upon my table on Sundays, and all my children round me to partake of
it: this may be prejudice--no matter--so long as he could afford it,
my poor father did so before me; I plead that precedent, and am not
ashamed of the custom.

Passing over the minor gradations of my life, the removal from
one residence to another, the enlargement of this warehouse, the
rebuilding of that, the anxiety of a canvass for common councilman,
activity in the company of which I am liveryman, inquests, and
vestries, and ward meetings, and all the other pleasing toils to
which an active citizen is subject, let us come at once to the first
marked epoch of my life--the year of my Shrievalty. The announcement
of my nomination and election filled Mrs. S. with delight; and when
I took my children to Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, to
look at the gay chariot brushing up for me, I confess I felt proud
and happy to be able to show my progeny the arms of London, those of
the Spectacle-makers' Company, and those of the Scroppses (recently
found at a trivial expense) all figuring upon the same panels. They
looked magnificent upon the pea-green ground, and the wheels, "white
picked-out crimson," looked so chaste, and the hammercloth, and
the fringe, and the festoons, and the Scropps' crests all looked so
rich, and the silk linings and white tassels, and the squabs and the
yellow cushions and the crimson carpet looked so comfortable, that,
as I stood contemplating the equipage, I said to myself, "What have I
done to deserve _this_? O that my poor father were alive to see his
boy Jack going to Westminster, to chop sticks and count hobnails, in
a carriage like this!" My children were like mad things; and in the
afternoon, when I put on my first new brown court suit (lined, like
my chariot, with white silk), and fitted up with cut steel buttons,
just to try the effect, it all appeared like a dream; the sword,
which I tried on, every night for half an hour after I went up to
bed, to practise walking with it, was very inconvenient at first;
but use is second nature; and so by rehearsing and rehearsing I made
myself perfect before that auspicious day, when Sheriffs flourish and
geese prevail--namely, the twenty-ninth of September.

The twelve months which followed were very delightful, for,
independently of the _positive_ honour and _éclat_ they produced, I
had the Mayoralty in _prospectu_ (having attained my aldermanic gown
by an immense majority the preceding year), and as I used during
the sessions to sit in my box at the Old Bailey, with my bag at my
back and my bouquet on my book, my thoughts were wholly devoted to
one object of contemplation; culprits stood trembling to hear the
verdict of a jury, and I regarded them not; convicts knelt to receive
the fatal fiat of the Recorder, and I heeded not their sufferings,
as I watched the Lord Mayor seated in the centre of the bench, with
the sword of justice stuck up in a goblet over his head--there,
thought I, if I live two years, shall _I_ sit--however, even as it
was, it was very agreeable. When executions, the chief drawbacks
to my delight, happened, I found, after a little seasoning, I took
the thing coolly, and enjoyed my toast and tea after the patients
were turned off, just as if nothing had happened; for, in _my_ time,
we hanged at eight and breakfasted at a quarter after, so that
without much hurry we were able to finish our muffins just in time
for the cutting down at nine. I had to go to the House of Commons
with a petition, and to Court with an address--trying situation for
one of the Scroppses--however, the want of state in Parliament,
and the very little attention paid to us by the members, put me
quite at my ease at Westminster; while the gracious urbanity of our
accomplished monarch[75] on his throne made me equally comfortable at
St. James's. Still I was but a secondary person, or rather only one
of two secondary persons--the chief of bailiffs and principal Jack
Ketch; there _was_ a step to gain--and, as I often mentioned to Mrs.
Scropps, I was sure my heart would never be still until I had reached
the pinnacle.

Behold at length the time arrived! Guildhall crowded to excess--the
hustings thronged--the aldermen retire--they return--their choice is
announced to the people--it has fallen upon John Ebenezer Scropps,
Esq. Alderman and spectacle-maker--a sudden shout is heard--"Scropps
for ever!" resounds--the whole assembly seems to vanish from my
sight--I come forward--am invested with the chain--I bow--make a
speech--tumble over the train of the Recorder, and tread upon the
tenderest toe of Mr. Deputy Pod--leave the hall in ecstasy, and drive
home to Mrs. Scropps in a state of mind bordering upon insanity.

The days wore on, each one seemed as long as a week, until at length
the 8th of November arrived, and then did it seem certain that
I should be Lord Mayor--I was sworn in--the civic insignia were
delivered to me--I returned them to the proper officers--my chaplain
was near me--the esquires of my household were behind me--the thing
was done--never shall I forget the tingling sensation I felt in my
ear when I was first called "My Lord"--I even doubted if it were
addressed to me, and hesitated to answer--but it _was_ so--the reign
of splendour had begun, and after going through the accustomed
ceremonies, I got home and retired to bed early, in order to be fresh
for the fatigues of the ensuing day.

Sleep I did not--how was it to be expected?--some part of the
night I was in consultation with Mrs. Scropps upon the different
arrangements; settling about the girls, their places at the banquet,
and their partners at the ball; the wind down the chimney sounded
like the shouts of the people; the cocks crowing in the mews at the
back of the house I took for trumpets sounding my approach; and the
ordinary incidental noises in the family I fancied the popguns at
Stangate, announcing my disembarkation at Westminster--thus I tossed
and tumbled until the long wished-for day dawned, and I jumped up
anxiously to realize the visions of the night. I was not long at my
toilet--I was soon shaved and dressed--but just as I was settling
myself comfortably into my beautiful brown broadcloth inexpressibles,
crack went something, and I discovered that a seam had ripped half a
foot long. Had it been consistent with the dignity of a Lord Mayor
to swear, I should, I believe, at that moment, have anathematized
the offending tailor;--as it was, what was to be done?--I heard
trumpets in earnest, carriages drawing up and setting down; sheriffs
and chaplains, mace bearers, train bearers, sword bearers, water
bailiffs, remembrancers, Mr. Common Hunt, the town clerk, and the
deputy town clerk, all bustling about--the bells ringing--and _I_
late, with a hole in my inexpressibles! There was but one remedy--my
wife's maid, kind, intelligent creature, civil and obliging, and
ready to turn her hand to anything, came to my aid, and in less than
fifteen minutes her activity, exerted in the midst of the confusion,
repaired the injury, and turned me out fit to be seen by the whole
corporation of London.

When I was dressed, I tapped at Mrs. Scropps's door, went in, and
asked her if she thought I should do; the dear soul, after settling
my point-lace frill (which she had been good enough to pick off her
own petticoat on purpose) and putting my bag straight, gave me the
sweetest salute imaginable.

"I wish your Lordship health and happiness," said she.

"Sally," said I, "your Ladyship is an angel;" and so, having
kissed each of my daughters, who were in progress of dressing,
I descended the stairs, to begin the auspicious day in which I
reached the apex of my greatness. Never shall I forget the bows--the
civilities--the congratulations--Sheriffs bending before me--the
Recorder smiling--the Common Serjeant at my feet--the pageant was
intoxicating; and when, after having breakfasted, I stepped into that
glazed and gilded house upon wheels, called the stage coach, and saw
my sword-bearer pop himself into one of the boots, with the sword of
state in his hands, I was lost in ecstasy. I threw myself back upon
the seat of the vehicle, with all possible dignity, but not without
damage; for, in my efforts at ease and elegance, I snapped off the
cut steel hilt of my own rapier, by accidentally bumping the whole
weight of my body right, or rather wrong, directly upon the top of it.

But what was a sword hilt and a bruise to _me_--pride knows no
pain--I felt none--I was _the_ Lord Mayor, the greatest man in
the greatest city of the greatest nation in the world. The people
realised my expectation; and "Bravo! Scropps," and "Scropps for
ever!" resounded again and again, as we proceeded slowly and
majestically towards the river, through a fog which prevented our
being advantageously seen, and which got down the throat of the
sword-bearer, who was a little troubled with asthma, and who coughed
incessantly during our progress, much to my annoyance, not to speak
of the ungraceful movements which his convulsive barkings gave to the
red velvet scabbard of the honourable glaive, as it stuck out of the
coach window.

We embarked in _my_ barge. A new scene of splendour here awaited me:
guns, flags, banners, in short, every thing that taste and fancy
could suggest, or a water-bailiff provide, were awaiting me. In the
gilded bark was a cold collation. I ate, or tried to eat, but I
tasted nothing. Fowls, pâtees, game, beef, ham--all had the same
flavour; champagne, hock, and Madeira, were all alike to me. "Lord
Mayor" was all I saw, all I heard, all I swallowed; every thing was
pervaded and absorbed by the one captivating word; and the repeated
appeals to "My Lordship" were sweeter than nectar.

Well, sir, at Westminster I was presented and received; and what
do you think I then did--I, John Ebenezer Scropps, of Coventry?--I
desired the Recorder to invite the Judges to dine with me at the
Guildhall!--I, who remember when two of the oldest and most innocent
of the twelve came the circuit, trembling at the very sight of them,
and believing them some extraordinary creatures, upon whom all the
hair and fur, that I saw, grew naturally; I not only asked these
formidable beings to dine with me, but, as if I thought it beneath my
dignity to do so in my own proper person, actually deputed a judge of
my own to do it for me. I never shall forget their lordships' bows in
return; mandarins on a mantelpiece are fools to them.

Then came the return. We re-embarked; and then, in reality, did
I hear the guns at Stangate saluting me. I stood it like a man,
although I have always a fear of accidents from the wadding. The tide
was with us; we soon reached Blackfriars' Bridge; we landed once
more in the sphere of my greatness. At the corner of Fleet Street
was the Lady Mayoress, waiting for the procession; there she was,
Sally Scropps--my own Sally--(her maiden name was Snob,)--with a
plume of feathers that half filled the coach, and young Sally, and
Jenny, and Maria, all crammed in the front seat, with their backs to
_my_ horses, which were pawing the mud, and snorting, and smoking
like steam-engines, with nostrils like safety-valves; not to speak
of four of my footmen hanging behind the carriage, like bees in
a swarm. There had not been so much riband in my family since my
poor father's failure at Coventry; and yet, how often, over and
over again, although the poor old man had been dead more than twenty
years, did I during that morning, in the midst of my splendour, think
of _him_, and wish to my heart that he could see me in my greatness.
Even in the midst of my triumph, I seemed to defer to my good kind
parent--in heaven, as I hope and trust--as if I were anxious for
_his_ judgment, and _his_ opinion, as to how I should perform the
manifold arduous duties of the day.

Up Ludgate Hill we went--the fog grew thicker and thicker--but then
the beautiful women at the windows--those high up could only just
see my knees, and the paste buckles in my shoes. This I regretted;
but every now and then I bowed condescendingly to the people, in
order to show my courtesy, and my chain and collar, which I had
discovered during the morning shone the brighter for being shaken.
But else I maintained a proper dignity throughout my progress; and,
although I said an occasional word or two to my chaplain, and smiled
occasionally at Mr. Water-bailiff, I took no more notice of Mr. Sword
and Mr. Mace, than I should have taken of Gog and Magog.

At length we reached Guildhall. As I crossed that beautiful building,
lighted brilliantly, and filled with splendidly dressed company,
and heard the deafening shouts which pealed through its roof as I
entered it, I felt a good deal flurried. I retired to a private room,
adjusted my dress, shook out my frill, rubbed up my chain and collar,
and prepared to receive my guests. They came, and shall I ever forget
it? Dinner was announced; the bands played "Oh! the roast beef of Old
England." Onwards we went. A prince of the blood--of the blood royal
of my own country--led out Sally--my own Sally--the Lady Mayoress;
the Lord Chancellor handed out young Sally--I saw it done--I thought
I should have fainted; the Prime Minister took Maria; the Lord Privy
Seal gave his arm to Jenny; and Mrs. Snob, my wife's mother--a
wonderful woman at her age, bating her corpulency--was escorted to
table by the Right Honourable the Lord Chief Justice of the King's
Bench, in his full robes and collar of SS. Oh, if my poor father
could have but seen _that_!

At the ball, my eldest girl danced with the Secretary of State
for Foreign Affairs, and found him very chatty, though a bit of a
"swell;" Maria danced with the Lord Privy Seal; and my youngest with
a very handsome man, who wore a riband and star, but who he was, we
none of us could ever find out; no matter--never did I see such a
day, although it was but the first of three hundred and sixty-five
splendid visions.

It would be tedious to expatiate in detail upon all the pleasures
of this happy year, thus auspiciously begun. Each month brought its
fresh pleasures; each week its new amusements; each day its festival.
Public meetings, under the sanction of the Right Honourable the Lord
Mayor; concerts and balls, under the patronage of the Lady Mayoress.
Then came Easter, and its dinner--Blue-coat boys and buns; then to
St. Paul's one Sunday, and to some other church another Sunday. And
then came summer; and then there was swan-hopping _up_ the river, and
white-baiting _down_ the river; Crown and Sceptre below, navigation
barge above; music, flags, streamers, guns, and company. Turtle every
day in the week; peas a pound per pint, and grapes a guinea a pound;
not to speak of dabbling in rose-water, served in gold, nor the
loving cup, nor the esquires of my household, all in full dress at my

The days, which before had seemed weeks, were now turned to minutes;
scarcely had I swallowed my breakfast, when I was in the justice
room; and before I had mittimused half a dozen paupers for begging
about the streets, luncheon was ready; this hardly over, in comes a
despatch or a deputation; and so on till dinner, which was barely
ended before supper was announced. We all became delighted with the
Mansion House. My girls grew graceful by the new confidence their
high station gave them; Maria refused a good offer because her lover
had an ugly name; and my dearest Sarah was absolutely persecuted by
Sir Patrick O'Donahoo, who had what is called the run of the house,
and who scarcely ever dined out of it during my mayoralty, whether
I was at home or not. What did it matter? There was plenty to eat
and drink; the money must be spent, and the victuals cooked; and so
as we made ourselves happy, it was of no great consequence having
one or two more or less at table. We got used to the place--the
establishment had got used to us; we became, in fact, easy in our
dignity, and happy in our state, when, lo and behold, the ninth
of another November came--the anniversary of my exaltation--the
conclusion of my reign.

Again did we go to Guildhall; again were we toasted and addressed;
again we were handed in and led out; the girls again flirted with
Cabinet ministers, and danced with ambassadors; and at two o'clock in
the morning drove home from the scene of gaiety to our old residence
in Budge Row, Walbrook. Never in this world did pickled herrings
and turpentine smell so powerfully as when we entered the house
upon that occasion; and although my wife and the young ones stuck
to the drinkables at Guildhall as long as was decent, in order to
keep up their spirits, their natural feelings would have way, and a
sort of shuddering disgust seemed to fill all their minds on their
return home. The passage looked so narrow, the drawing-room looked
so small, the staircase was so dark, and the ceilings were so low.
However, being tired, we all slept well--at least, I did; for I was
in no humour to talk; and the only topic I could think upon, before I
dropped off, was a calculation of the amount of expenses which I had
incurred during the just expired year of my magnificence.

In the morning we assembled at breakfast; a note which had arrived
by the twopenny post lay on the table; it was addressed "Mrs.
Scropps, Budge Row." The girls, one after another, took it up, read
the undignified superscription, and laid it down again. My old and
excellent friend Bucklesbury called to inquire after us. What were
his first words?--they _were_ the first I had heard from a stranger
since my change;--"Well, Scropps, how are you, old boy? Done up, eh?"

"Scropps--old boy"--no deference, no respect, no "My lord, I hope
your lordship passed a comfortable night; and how is her ladyship,
and your lordship's amiable daughters?" not a bit of it--"How's
Mrs. S. and the _gals_?" There was nothing in this; it was quite
natural--all as it _had_ been--all as it must be--all as it should
be; but how very unlike what it _was_ only one day before! The very
servants themselves, who, when amidst the strapping, state-fed,
lace-loaded lackeys of the Mansion House (transferred, with the
chairs and tables, from one lord mayor to another), dared not speak,
nor look, nor say their lives were their own, strutted about, and
banged the doors, and talked of their "missis," as if she had been an

So much for domestic matters. I went out--I was shoved about in
Cheapside, in the most remorseless manner, by the money-hunting
crowd. My right eye had the narrowest possible escape of being
poked out by the tray of a brawny butcher-boy, who, when I civilly
remonstrated, turned round and said, "Vy, I say, who are you, I
vonder, as is so partiklar about your _hye-sight_?" I felt an
involuntary shudder. "Who am I?--to-day," thought I, "I _am_ John
Ebenezer Scropps; two days ago I _was_ Lord Mayor of London;" and so
the rencontre ended, evidently to the advantage of the bristly brute.
It was, however, too much for me. I admit the weakness; but the
effect of contrast was too powerful--the change was too sudden--and I
determined to go to Brighton for a few weeks to refresh myself and be
weaned from my dignity.

We went--we drove to the Royal Hotel; in the hall stood one of his
Majesty's ministers, one of my former guests, speaking to his lady
and daughter: my girls passed close to him,--he had handed one of
them to dinner the year before, but he appeared entirely to have
forgotten her. By-and-by, when we were going out in a fly to take the
air, one of the waiters desired the fly-man to pull off, because Sir
Something Somebody's carriage could not come up,--it was clear that
the name of Scropps had lost its influence.

We secluded ourselves in a private house, where we did nothing but
sigh and look at the sea. We had been totally spoiled for our proper
sphere, and could not get into a better; the indifference of our
inferiors mortified us, and the familiarity of our equals disgusted
us,--our potentiality was gone, and we were so much degraded that a
puppy of a fellow had the impertinence to ask Jenny if she was going
to one of the Old Ship balls. "Of course," said the coxcomb, "I don't
mean the 'Almacks,' for they are uncommonly select."

In short, do what we would, go where we might, we were outraged
and annoyed, or, at least, thought ourselves so; and beyond all
bitterness was the reflection that the days of our dignity and
delight never might return. There were at Brighton no less than
three men who called me Jack, and _that_, out of flies or in
libraries, and one of these chose occasionally, by way of making
himself particularly agreeable, to address me by the familiar
appellation of Jacky. At length, and that only three weeks after
my fall, an over-grown tallow-chandler met us on the Steyne, and
stopped our party to observe, "as how he thought he owed me for two
barrels of coal-tar, for doing over his pig-styes." This settled
it,--we departed from Brighton, and made a tour of the coast; but we
never rallied, and business, which must be minded, drove us before
Christmas to Budge Row, where we are again settled down.

Maria has grown thin--Sarah has turned Methodist--and Jenny, who
danced with his Excellency the Portuguese Ambassador, who was called
angelic by the Right Honourable the Lord Privy Seal; and who,
moreover, refused a man of fortune because he had an ugly name,
is going to be married to Lieutenant Stodge, on the half-pay of
the Royal Marines--and what then? I am sure if it were not for the
females of my family I should be perfectly at my ease in my proper
sphere, out of which the course of our civic constitution raised me.
It was very pleasant at first--but I have toiled long and laboured
hard; I have done my duty, and Providence has blessed my works. If
we were discomposed at the sudden change in our station, I it is who
was to blame, for having aspired to honours which I knew were not to
last. However, the ambition was not dishonourable, nor did I disgrace
the station while I held it. Indeed, I ought to apologize for making
public the weakness by which we were all affected; especially as I
have myself already learned to laugh at what we all severely felt at
first--the miseries of a SPLENDID ANNUAL.


[Illustration: (first page of the letter)]

[_Continued on another page._]


[Illustration: (second page of the letter)]


Collected from various sources.




In walking down Berners Street one day, his companion called Hook's
attention to the particularly neat and modest appearance of a house,
the residence, as appeared from the door-plate, of some decent
shopkeeper's widow. "I'll lay you a guinea," said Theodore, "that
in one week that nice modest dwelling shall be the most famous in
all London." The bet was taken--in the course of four or five days
Hook had written and despatched _one thousand_ letters, conveying
orders to tradesmen of every sort within the bills of mortality, all
to be executed on one particular day, and as nearly as possible at
one fixed hour. From waggons of coals and potatoes to books, prints,
feathers, ices, jellies, and cranberry tarts--nothing in any way
whatever available to any human being but was commanded from scores
of rival dealers scattered over our "province of bricks," from
Wapping to Lambeth, from Whitechapel to Paddington. In 1809 Oxford
Road was not approachable either from Westminster, or Mayfair, or
from the City, otherwise than through a complicated series of lanes.
It may be feebly and afar off guessed what the crash and jam and
tumult of that day was. Hook had provided himself with a lodging
nearly opposite the fated No. ----; and there, with a couple of
trusty allies, he watched the development of the mid-day melodrame.
But some of the dramatis personæ were seldom if ever alluded to in
later times. He had no objection to bodying forth the arrival of the
lord mayor and his chaplain, invited to take the death-bed confession
of a peculating common councilman; but he would rather have buried in
oblivion that precisely the same sort of liberty was taken with the
Governor of the Bank, the chairman of the East India Company, a lord
chief justice, a Cabinet minister,--above all, with the Archbishop
of Canterbury, and his Royal Highness the Commander-in-Chief. They
all obeyed the summons--every pious and patriotic feeling had been
most movingly appealed to; we are not sure that they all reached
Berners Street: but the Duke of York's military punctuality and
crimson liveries brought him to the point of attack before the
poor widow's astonishment had risen to terror and despair. Perhaps
no assassination, no conspiracy, no royal demise or ministerial
revolution of recent times was a greater godsend to the newspapers
than this audacious piece of mischief. In Hook's own theatrical world
he was instantly suspected, but no sign escaped either him or his
confidants. The affair was beyond that circle a serious one. Fierce
were the growlings of the doctors and surgeons, scores of whom had
been cheated of valuable hours. Attorneys, teachers of all kinds,
male and female, hair-dressers, tailors, popular preachers, and
parliamentary philanthropists, had been victimized in person, and
were in their various notes vociferous. But the tangible material
damage done was itself no joking matter. There had been an awful
smashing of glass, china, harpsichords, and coach-panels. Many a
horse had fallen never to rise again. Beer-barrels and wine-barrels
had been overturned and exhausted with impunity amidst the press
of countless multitudes. It had been a fine field-day for the
pickpockets. There arose a fervent hue and cry for the detection
of the wholesale deceiver and destroyer.


Mr. Theodore found it convenient to be laid up for a week or two
by a severe fit of illness, and then promoted re-convalescence
by a country tour. He is said to have on this occasion revisited
Oxford, and professed an intention of at length commencing residence
under the discipline of Alma Mater. But if this was so, it went no
farther; by-and-by the storm blew over, as it would have done had
Berners Street been burnt to the ground, and the Lord Mayor's coach
blown up with all its cargo--and the Great Unknown re-appeared with
tranquillity in the Green Room.

The gambol once shown, it was imitated _ad nauseam_ in many English
towns, and also in Paris, with numberless unmeritorious variations.
Gilbert Gurney expresses high scorn of these plagiarists.


Some two or three years later Hook performed another hoax more
limited in scale, but to our mind quite as inexcusable. The Regent
gave a fête of surpassing magnificence at Carlton House, on the 17th
of June. Romeo Coates was then in his glory--murdering Shakspeare
at the Haymarket, and driving the bright pink cockle-shell with the
life-large chanticleers in gilt brass about the streets and park.
Theodore, who could imitate any handwriting, contrived to get one
of the Chamberlain's tickets into his possession for an hour, and
produced a facsimile commanding the presence of Signor Romeo. He then
equipped himself in some scarlet uniform, and delivered in person
the flattering missive. The delight of Romeo must be imagined. Hook
was in attendance when the time for his sallying forth arrived, and
had the satisfaction of seeing him swing into his chariot bedizened
in all his finery, with a diamond-hilted sword and the air of Louis
le Grand. The line of carriages being an Alexandrine, Theodore was
also by the "care colonne" when the amateur's vehicle reached its
point--saw him mount up the stair and enter the vestibule. The
stranger, it is known, passed into the interior without remark
or question; but when he had to show his ticket to the Private
Secretary, that eye caught the imposture. Mr. Coates was politely
informed that a mistake had occurred, and had to retrace his steps
to the portico. The blazoned chariot had driven off: in wrath and
confusion he must pick his steps as he might to the first stand of
hackney-coaches. Hook was at his elbow, well muffled up. No such
discomfiture since the Knight of the Woful Countenance was unhorsed
by the Bachelor Sampson Carrasco. We must not omit to say that the
Prince, when aware of what had occurred, signified extreme regret
that any one of his household should have detected the trick, or
acted on its detection. Mr. Coates was, as he said, an inoffensive
gentleman, and his presence might have amused many of the guests, and
could have done harm to no one. His Royal Highness sent his Secretary
next morning to apologize in person, and to signify that as the
arrangements and ornaments were still entire, he hoped Mr. Coates
would come and look at them. And Romeo went. In this performance Hook
had no confidant. To do him justice, he never told the story without
some signs of compunction.


No mirth in this world ever surpassed the fascination of these early
mountebankeries. We have seen austere judges, venerable prelates,
grand lords, and superfine ladies, all alike overwhelmed and
convulsed as he went over the minutest details of such an episode
as that, for example, of his and Mathews, as they were rowing to
Richmond, being suddenly bitten by the sight of a placard at the
foot of a Barnes garden,--"Nobody permitted to land here--offenders
prosecuted with the utmost rigour of law"--their instant
disembarkation on the forbidden paradise--the fishing-line converted
into a surveyor's measuring-tape--their solemn pacing to and fro on
the beautiful lawn--Hook the surveyor, with his book and pencil in
hand--Mathews the clerk, with the cord and walking-stick, both soon
pinned into the exquisite turf--the opening of the parlour-window,
and fiery approach of the napkined alderman--the comedians' cool,
indifferent reception of him, and his indignant inquiries--the
gradual announcement of their being the agents of the Canal
Company, settling where the new cut is to cross the old gentleman's
pleasaunce--his alarm and horror, which call forth the unaffected
regrets and commiserations of the unfortunate officials, "who are
never more pained than with such a duty"--the alderman's suggestion
that they had better walk in and talk the matter over--their anxious
examination of watches, and reluctant admission that they might
spare a quarter of an hour--"but alas! no use, they fear, none
whatever"--the entry of the dining-room--the turkey just served--the
pressing invitation to taste a morsel--the excellent dinner--the fine
old madeira--the bottle of pink champagne, "a present from my lord
mayor"--the discussion of half-a-dozen of claret and of the projected
branch of the canal--the city knight's arguments getting more and
more weighty--"Really this business must be reconsidered"--"One
bottle more, dear gentlemen"--till at last it is getting dark--they
are eight miles from Westminster Bridge--Hook bursts out into song,
and narrates in extempore verse the whole transaction, winding up

      "And we greatly approve of your fare,
        Your cellar's as prime as your cook;
      And this clerk here is Mathews the player,
        And I'm--Mr. Theodore Hook."--(_Exeunt._)[76]


Of Hook's pursuits at the Mauritius, few particulars, save those
given in the letter to Mathews, have reached us: they were probably
not far dissimilar in spirit from those in which he had indulged at
home; at least, an anecdote or two corroborative of the "_solum non
animum mutant_," etc., which we have heard him relate, would lead
to such an inference. One of these bore reference to the reception
with which a respectable family, that had been recommended to his
notice by some common friend in England, was greeted on its arrival
at the island. Hook was, of course, all kindness and hospitality--an
invitation to La Réduite, a country retreat belonging to the
Governor, and at which the Treasurer also occasionally resided,
was immediately forwarded to the strangers. Equally, as a matter
of course, their agreeable host took upon himself the task of
"lionizing" the neighbourhood; and more especially of pointing out to
their observation the beauties, architectural and otherwise, of Port

For this purpose, the morning following that of debarcation was
selected. The town at that period, and it has received but few
additions since, was of moderate extent, stretching something in the
shape of an amphitheatre almost three miles along the coast, and
bounded inland at a distance scarcely exceeding half a mile, by an
open space called the "Champ de Mars." Along this narrow slip, the
streets of which are straight and laid out at right angles after the
French fashion, did Mr. Hook conduct his new acquaintances; up one
lane, down another, along the Rue Marengo, by the Government House,
backwards and forwards, right and left, till every building of the
least pretensions to importance had been visited by every possible
mode of approach, and on each occasion honoured with a different name
and fresh history. The Joss House was multiplied by six; the old
East India Company barracks did duty for public asylums for lunatics,
or private residences of the Queen of Madagascar; churches, prisons,
the Royal College and theatre, were examined again and again, and so
on till the miserable party, completely fatigued with the extreme
heat, and seeing no symptoms of a termination to the walk, pleaded
inability to proceed. One ventured to observe, that though of a
much greater size than the view from the harbour would have led him
to suppose, the town exhibited a singular sameness of style in the
principal edifices. "A natural thing enough in an infant colony,"
suggested Hook.

The prospect of a luxurious "tiffin" which was awaiting their return,
served in some manner to restore the spirits of the travellers,
and they took their seats with a full determination of doing ample
justice to the far-famed delicacies of the island. The first course
presented to the eyes of the astonished but still unsuspecting
strangers, comprised nearly every species of _un_eatable that could
be got together. An enormous gourd graced the centre of the table,
strange de-appetizing dishes were placed around, and in turn pressed
upon the attention of the guests.

"Allow me to offer you a little cat-curry," exclaimed the host;
"there is an absurd prejudice against these things in Europe, I know,
but _this_ I can really recommend; or, perhaps, you would prefer a
little devilled monkey; that is, I believe, a dish of fried snakes
opposite you, Mr. J----."

Mr. J---- recoiled in alarm.

"Hand those lizards round, they seem particularly fine."

Nastiness after nastiness was proffered in vain; the perplexed
Cockneys struggled hard to maintain a decent composure, but with
difficulty kept their ground before the unsavoury abominations. What
was to be done?--it was clearly the _cuisine de pays_, and the host
appeared evidently distressed at their want of appreciation of his
fare. One gentleman at length, in sheer despair, thought he "_would_
just try a lizard."

"Pray do so," eagerly returned Hook; "you will find the flavour a
little peculiar at first, I daresay; but it is astonishing how soon
it becomes pleasant to the palate."

But however rapidly a taste for the saurian delicacy might be
acquired, the adventurous individual in question was not destined to
make the experiment. In endeavouring to help himself to one of those
unpromising dainties, the tail became separated from its body--it was
too much for his nerve--turning a little pale, he pushed aside his
plate, and begged to be excused. Since the celebrated "feast after
the manner of the ancients," such a collation had never been put down
before hungry men: the jest, however, was not pushed to extremes,
a second course succeeded; and on the choice viands of which it
consisted the guests proceeded to fall with what appetite they might.

Equally absurd, though perhaps hardly becoming the dignity of a
treasurer and accountant-general, was a piece of pleasantry played
off at the expense of the authorities of the island! It was on the
occasion of a public dinner given at the Government House, and at
which the governor himself, confined by ill health to his country
residence, was unable to be present. The officer next in rank was,
therefore, called upon to preside; but whether from the soup, or the
fish, or the cucumber--if there happened to be any--disagreeing with
him, or from whatever cause, he was compelled to quit the banquet at
an early hour, and was conveyed, utterly incapable of either giving
or receiving any command, to his quarters. The task of occupying the
chair, and proposing the remainder of the loyal and usual toasts, now
devolved on Hook; and, as each separate health was given and duly
signalled, it was responded to by an immediate salute from a battery
in the square below, according to special orders. The appointed
list having been gone through, the greater portion of the company
departed; but the chairman, so far from showing any disposition
to quit his post, begged gentlemen "to fill their glasses, and
drink a bumper to that gallant and distinguished officer, Captain
Dobbs,"--up went the signal--bang! bang! bang! roared the artillery.
"Lieutenant Hobbs" followed, with the same result. "Ensign Snobbs,"
and bang! bang! bang! greeted the announcement of his name. Quick as
the guns could be reloaded, up again went the signal, and off went
his Majesty's twenty-fours, to the honour, successively, of every
individual present, soldier or civilian.

In vain the subaltern on duty, who had expected at the termination of
the accustomed formalities to be permitted to join the party, sent up
a remonstrance. The directions he had received were as imperative as
those delivered by Denmark's king:--

            "Let the kettle to the trumpet speak,
      The trumpet to the cannoneer without,
      The cannon to the heavens--the heaven to earth."

Such a bombardment had not been heard since the capture of the
island, and it was not till the noisy compliment had been paid to
cook and scullion, who were summoned from the kitchen to return
thanks _in propria personâ_, and the powder as well as patience
of the indignant gunners were exhausted, that the firing ceased.
Something in the shape of a reprimand was talked of; but as, after
all, the principal share of blame was not to be attached to the
facetious deputy, the affair was permitted to rest.


In the course of Hook's numerous suburban excursions, or possibly
during his brief sojourn with Doctor Curtis, at Sunbury, he had
become acquainted with a young lady, a resident in the neighbourhood,
possessed of an amiable disposition and great personal attractions.
Theodore was a favourite both with her family and herself, but her
affections, unfortunately, were fixed upon another. Notwithstanding,
however, the evident preference shown to his rival, the young
gentleman prosecuted his suit with all the ardour and blindness of
eighteen. It was to no purpose that good-humoured hints were thrown
out on the part of his inamorata, that, highly agreeable as his
society could not fail to be, another held that place in her regards
for which he was in vain contending. He determined to set all upon a
single cast, and to throw himself, and whatever loose silver might be
remaining from the proceeds of his last operetta, at the fair one's

On the day fixed for the final appeal, he found the ground already in
the occupation of the enemy; and it was not till towards the close
of the evening that an opportunity was to be snatched of making a
formal proposal for the lady's hand: as might have been expected, it
was declined, firmly but kindly; and off rushed the rejected swain,
in a frenzy of rage, to his hotel, whither--for the little village in
those days boasted but of one--he was soon followed by the successful
candidate, Mr. P----.

It so happened that, in addition to the _contretemps_ of being
lodged beneath the same roof, the rivals actually occupied adjoining
chambers, and were separated from each other merely by a thin boarded
partition: everything that passed in one apartment was consequently
pretty distinctly audible in the next; and the first sounds that
greeted Mr. P---- on his arrival were certain strong objurgations
and maledictions, in which his own name was constantly recurring,
and which proceeded from the neighbouring room. Every now and then
a boot-jack or a clothes-brush was hurled against the wall; next
a noise would be heard as of a portmanteau being kicked across
the floor, accompanied by such epithets as might be supposed most
galling and appropriate to a discomfited foe. Then a pause--a burst
of lamentation or an attempt at irony--then again more invectives,
more railing, more boot-jacks, and so on for half the night did the
hapless lover continue to bewail the bad taste of women in general,
and the especial want of discernment in his own mistress; and to heap
bitter abuse and inflict imaginary chastisement upon the person of
his more favoured opponent.

Mr. P---- was a Welshman, and for a moment the hot blood of the
Tudors and Llewellyns bubbled up; but "cool reflection at length
came across:" the irresistible absurdity of the position struck with
full force upon a mind rendered more than usually complacent by the
agreeable assurances so lately received, and he threw himself on the
bed in a fit of perfectly Homeric laughter. Early on the next morning
Hook started for town; but whether he ever learnt the perilous
vicinity in which he had passed the few preceding hours, we know not.
The anecdote reached us from a different quarter.

During this period he was not so thoroughly engrossed by the
anxieties of love, but that he found time and sufficient spirits for
the indulgence of those lively pleasantries, which must doubtless
have contributed much to recommend him to the favour of the lady's
guardian, if not to her own. The name of the inn, "The Flower Pot,"
which was the scene of the absurd adventure just related, suggested
one of these. There resided, it seems, at Sunbury, in a large house,
an elderly gentleman, a bachelor, of somewhat eccentric disposition,
whose ruling passion was for his garden. This, albeit prodigality
was by no means a besetting sin of the proprietor, was kept in the
most admirable order, and decorated, regardless of expense, with a
profusion of ornaments in the very height of suburban fashion--leaden
cupids, slate sun-dials, grottoes of oyster-shells and looking-glass,
heaps of flints and overburned bricks, denominated rockwork, and
beyond all, and above all, with a magnificent vase filled with a
flaming cluster of fuchsias, geraniums, and a number of plants with
brilliant blossoms and unutterable names, which faced the entrance.
Here, one fine afternoon, when the flowers had reached their acme of
refulgence, Mr. Theodore pulled up his dennet. A powerful tug at
the bell brought a sort of half-gardener, half-groom, to the gate in
double-quick time.

"Take the mare round to the stable, put her in a loose box, and rub
her down well. I'll come and see her fed myself in a few minutes;
none of you rascals are to be trusted!"

So saying, the young gentleman threw the reins to the domestic,
marched leisurely along the broad, brown-sugar-looking walk,
dexterously cutting off here and there an overgrown carnation
with the lash of his driving-whip, and entered the hall. Giving
another tremendous jerk to the bell-wire in passing, he walked
into the dining-room, the door of which happened to be open, took
up a magazine, and threw himself at full length upon the sofa. A
tidily-dressed maid servant appeared at the summons.

"Bring me a glass of brandy-and-water, my dear, and send 'Boots.'"

"'Boots,' and 'brandy-and-water,'--La, sir!" exclaimed the astonished

"You may fetch me a pair of slippers yourself, if you like; so make
haste, and you shall have a kiss when you come back."

Duped by the authoritative air assumed by the visitor, (it would be
indecorous to suppose another motive,) the attendant disappeared, and
speedily returning with the slippers, observed,

"If you please, sir, I have brought you a pair, but they are
master's, and he is rather particular."

"Particular! Nonsense! where's the brandy-and-water?"

"He never leaves out the spirits, sir; he always keeps the key
himself, sir, in his own pocket."

"He must be a deuced odd sort of fellow, then: send him here

"Master is dressing, sir; he will be down directly," was the reply;
and, accordingly, after the lapse of a few minutes, Mr. ---- made
his appearance in full evening costume.

"My good friend," commenced Hook, without raising his eyes from the
paper, "allow me to observe, that the rules of your establishment
are a little inconvenient to travellers: I have been here above a
quarter of an hour, and have not been able to get so much as a glass
of brandy-and-water--bring one immediately--hot; and let me know what
you have got for dinner."

"I really beg your pardon," said old Mr. ----, as soon as he could
find words; "I really beg your pardon, but I am quite at a loss----"

"So am I, my good man--for a glass of brandy-and-water--bring that,
and another for yourself, and then I shall be happy to hear whatever
you have to say."

"But, sir, you must permit me to state----"

"I was never in such a detestable house in my life," exclaimed Hook,
starting up; "what do you stand chattering there for, instead of
attending to my order: am I to be kept here starving all night? Bring
the brandy-and-water, d'ye hear?"

The old gentleman was struck positively speechless; his face purpled,
he seemed in imminent peril of choking with the sudden conflux of
ire, indignation, and astonishment.

"Why, the fellow's drunk!" pursued Theodore; "disgracefully drunk,
at this time of day! and in his own parlour, too! I shall feel it my
duty, sir, to lay a statement of this inexcusable conduct before the

Mr. ---- sprang to the bell. "John--Thomas--turn this impudent
scoundrel out of the house!"

The arrival of the servants necessarily led to an explanation.
Nothing could exceed Mr. Hook's regret; what could be done? what
apology could be made? He was a perfect stranger to Sunbury; had
been directed to the "Flower Pot," as the inn affording the best
accommodation; and, on seeing what he imagined to be a gigantic
representation of the sign in question at the garden-gate, he had
naturally entered, and acted upon that erroneous impression. This
was the unkindest cut of all. To find a stranger reclining in full
possession of his sofa and slippers was bad enough; to be treated as
a dilatory innkeeper was worse; and to be taxed with insolence and
intoxication, was still more trying to a gentleman of respectable
character and excitable nerves; but to hear the highest achievement
of art he possessed--the admiration of himself and friends, and
the envy of all Sunbury, his darling vase, compared with which the
"Warwick" and the "Barberini" were as common washpots--to hear
this likened to an alehouse sign, was a humiliation which dwarfed
into insignificance all preceding insults. But as to whether Hook
contrived to soothe the anger he had provoked, and to win a way,
as was his wont, into the good graces of his victim--or whether
this last affront proved irremediable, and he was compelled to seek
further entertainment for himself and horse at the "Flower Pot"
minor, unfortunately our informant is at fault.


It was about the year 1803 that my husband first became intimate with
Mr. Theodore Hook. The election for Westminster had recently taken
place, and Mr. Sheridan was chosen one of its representatives, on
which occasion the actors of Drury Lane celebrated their proprietor's
triumph, by giving him a dinner at the Piazza coffee-house. To this
dinner Mr. Hook was invited.

In the course of the day many persons sung, and Mr. Hook being
in turn solicited, displayed, to the delight and surprise of all
present, his wondrous talent in extemporaneous singing. The company
was numerous, and generally strangers to Mr. Hook; but, without a
moment's premeditation, he composed a verse upon every person in
the room, full of the most pointed wit, and with the truest rhymes,
unhesitatingly gathering into his subject, as he rapidly proceeded,
in addition to what had passed during the dinner, every trivial
incident of the moment. Every action was turned to account; every
circumstance, the look, the gesture, or any other accidental effects,
served as occasion for more wit; and even the singer's ignorance of
the names and condition of many of the party seemed to give greater
facility to his brilliant hits than even acquaintance with them might
have furnished. Mr. Sheridan was astonished at his extraordinary
faculty, and declared that he could not have imagined such power
possible, had he not witnessed it. No description, he said, could
have convinced him of so peculiar an instance of genius, and he
protested that he should not have believed it to be an unstudied
effort, had he not seen proof that no anticipation could have been
formed of what might arise to furnish matter and opportunities for
the exercise of this rare talent.--_Memoirs of Charles Mathews,
Comedian, by Mrs. Mathews._ Lond. 1838.


It was on the evening of Monday, January 30th, 1809, at the "Grange
Theatre," that Mr. Theodore Hook, then a slim youth of fine figure,
his head covered with black clustering curls, made his "first
appearance upon any stage," and in no instance do I remember a more
decided case of what is called stage-fright. He had been as bold and
easy during the rehearsals as if he had been a practised stager. All
the novices seemed fluttered but himself; but when he entered at
night as _Sir Callaghan O'Brallaghan_, the Irish officer, in "Love
à la Mode," he turned pale at the first sight of the audience, and
exhibited such palpable terror, that I almost supported him on my
arm; his frame shook, his voice failed him, and not a word of his
first scene, nor a note of the song he attempted at the piano-forte
(which he had sung so well in the morning), were audible to anybody
but myself.

It was curious to see a person of Mr. Hook's wondrous nerve
and self-possession suddenly subdued in such a way, at a mere
_make-believe_ in a room, containing only friends--invulnerable as
he was to fear in all things else! He recovered, however, before
the piece concluded, and afterwards acted _Vapour_ in the farce of
"My Grandmother," imitating Mr. Farley excellently; and a character
in an admirable burlesque tragedy of his own writing, called
"Ass-ass-ination," previously to which he hoaxed the audience with
a prologue, purposely unintelligible, but speciously delivered; the
first and last word of each line were only to be distinguished,
bearing in them all the _cant_ and _rhymes_ of such addresses (some
heard and others guessed at, as the speaker's ingenuity served, for
of course all was extempore). At the close of this, great applause
followed; and one elderly, important gentleman was heard to whisper
to another sitting next him, "An excellent prologue, but abominably


On one occasion poor Dowton was well-nigh frightened from his
propriety by the sudden appearance of his young friend upon the
stage, who, in appropriate costume, and with an ultra-melodramatic
strut, advanced in place of the regular walking gentleman to offer
him a letter. At another, during the heat of a contested Westminster
election, the whole house was electrified by a solemn cry, proceeding
apparently from the fiend in the "Wood Demon," of "SHE-RI-DAN
FOR E-VER!" and uttered in the deepest bass the speaking-trumpet
was capable of producing. This last piece of facetiousness was
rather seriously resented by Graham, one of the proprietors of the
Haymarket, who threatened its perpetrator with perpetual suspension
of his "privilege," and it required all the interest of influential
friends, backed by an ample apology on the part of the culprit, who
promised the most strict observance of decorum for the future, to
obtain a reversal of the decree.


From "La Réduit, Mauritius," under date March 24, 1814, Theodore Hook
addressed the following humorous letter to Charles Mathews:--

"MY DEAR MATHEWS,--Uninteresting as a letter must be from an
individual in a little African island, to you who are at the very
head-quarters and emporium of news and gaiety, I shall risk annoying
you and write, begging you to take along with you that the stupidity
of my epistle proceeds in a great measure from the dearth of anything
worth the name of intelligence; for if I had anything to say, say it
I would.

"I have received so much powerful assistance from your public
talents in my short dramatic career, and have enjoyed so very many
pleasant hours in your private society, that I feel a great pride and
gratification from this distance, where flattery cannot be suspected,
nor interested motives attach themselves to praise, to express how
warmly I feel and how I appreciate both your exertions and your

"You have read enough of this island, I daresay, not to imagine
that we live in huts on the sea-coast, or that, like our gallant
forefathers, we paint ourselves blue, and vote pantaloons a
prejudice. We are here surrounded by every luxury which art can
furnish, or dissipation suggest, in a climate the most delightful,
in a country the most beautiful, society the most gay, and pursuits
the most fascinating.

"This is, by heavens, a Paradise, and not without angels. The
women are all handsome (not so handsome as English women), all
accomplished, their manners extremely good, wit brilliant, and
good-nature wonderful; this is picking out the best! The "οι πολλοι,"
as we say at Oxford, are, if I may use the word, mindless--all
blank--dance like devils, and better than any people, for, like all
fools, they are fond of it, and naturally excel in proportion to
their mental debility; for the greater the fool the better the dancer.

"In short, the whole island is like fairy-land; every hour seems
happier than the last; the mildness of the air (the sweetness of
which, as it passes over spice-plantations and orange-groves, is
hardly conceivable), the clearness of the atmosphere, the coolness
of the evenings, and the loveliness of the place itself, all combine
to render it fascination. The very thought of ever quitting it is
like the apprehension of the death or long parting with some near
relation, and if it were not that this feeling is counteracted by
having some friends at home, there is no inducement that would draw
me from such a perfect _Thule_.

"Make my kind remembrances to Mrs. Mathews, and tell her that I hope
to shake hands with her when we are both twaddlers--that is, when she
is as much of a twaddler as old age can make her; and that when I
return upon crutches from foreign parts, I trust she will direct her
_son_ to pay me every attention due to my infirmities.

"We have operas in the winter, which sets in about July; our
races, too, begin in July; we have an excellent beef-steak club,
and the best Freemasons' lodge in the world. We have subscription
concerts, and balls, and the parties in private houses here are
seldom less than from two to three hundred. At the last ball given
at the Government-house, upwards of seven hundred and fifty ladies
were present, which, considering that the greater proportion of
the female population are _not admissible_, proves the number of
inhabitants, and the extent of the society.

"Pshaw! my letter is all about myself. Egotism from beginning to end.
Like Argus, there are at least an hundred I's in it. Well, damn my
I's, I will substitute the other vowel, and assure you that, although
at this distance, I am sincerely and truly yours, and that you will
find even in Maurit_ius_ U and I are not far asunder.

"I daresay some of my fat-headed friends in that little island where
the beef grows fancy that I am making a fortune, considering that I
am Treasurer! and Accountant-general! Fresh butter, my dear fellow,
is ten shillings per pound; a coat costs thirty pounds English; a
pair of gloves, fifteen shillings; a bottle of claret, the best,
ten pence; and pine-apples a penny a piece. Thus, you see, while
the articles necessary to existence are exorbitant, luxuries are
dirt cheap, and a pretty life we do lead. Breakfast at eight, always
up by gun-fire, five o'clock; bathe and ride before breakfast,
after breakfast lounge about; at one have a regular meal, yclep'd
a tiffen--hot meats, vegetables, &c.--and at this we sit generally
through the heat of the day, drinking our wine, and munching our
fruit; at five, or half-past, the carriages come to the door, and
we go either in them or in palanquins to dress, which operation
performed, we drive out to the race-ground, and through the Champ de
Mars, the Hyde Park here, till half-past six; come into town, and at
seven dine, where we remain till ten or eleven, and then join the
French parties, as there is regularly a ball somewhere or other every
night: these things, blended with business, make out the day and


Everybody has heard of the ingenious manner in which Sheridan
evaded payment of a considerable sum for coach-hire, by inveigling
Richardson into the vehicle, getting up a quarrel, no very difficult
matter, then jumping out in disgust, and leaving his irritable friend
to recover his composure and pay the fare. Hook, who, like all men
of genius, augmented the resources of his own wit by a judicious
borrowing from that of others, seems to have caught at this idea when
once, under similar circumstances, he found himself, after a long
and agreeable ride, without money to satisfy the coachman--a friend
happened to be passing--he was hailed and taken up--but unfortunately
proved to be, on inquiry, as unprepared for any pecuniary transaction
as Theodore himself. A dull copyist would have broken down at once;
but with a promptitude and felicity of conception that amply redeem
the plagiarism, with whatever else he may be left chargeable, Hook
pulled the check-string and bade the driver proceed as rapidly as
possible to No. --, ---- Street, at the West End of the town, the
residence of a well-known "surgeon, &c." Arrived, he ordered the
coachman to "knock and ring," as desired, with energy, and on the
door opening, told his friend to follow, and hastily entered the
house. "Mr. ----, is he at home? I must see him immediately!" Mr.
---- soon made his appearance, when Hook, in an agitated and hurried
tone, commenced:--

"My dear sir, I trust you are disengaged!" Mr. ---- bowed; "he
was disengaged." "Thank Heaven!--pardon my incoherence, sir--make
allowance for the feelings of a husband--_perhaps a father_--your
attendance, sir, is instantly required--_instantly_--by Mrs. ----,
No. --, &c., pray lose not a moment; it is a _very_ peculiar case, I
assure you."

"I will start directly," replied the medical man; "I have only to run
upstairs, get my apparatus, and step into my carriage."

"Ah! exactly," returned Hook; "but I am in agony till I see you
fairly off--don't think of ordering out your own carriage--here's one
at the door--jump into that."

Mr. ----, with a great mahogany case under his arm, made the jump,
and quickly found himself at the house to which he had been directed:
it was the abode of a very stiff-mannered, middle-aged maiden lady,
not unknown to Hook; one, moreover, to whom he owed a grudge, a kind
of debt he rarely failed to pay. The doctor was admitted, but on
explaining the object of his visit, soon found it convenient to make
a precipitate retreat from the claws of the infuriate spinster into
the arms of the hackney-coachman, who deposited him in safety at
his own door, which, however, he declined quitting without the full
amount of his fare.


Theodore Hook thus writes to Charles Mathews from the "Prince of
Wales's Coffee House, 8 o'clock, September 21st, 1825:"--

"DEAR MAT.,--I never went sporting for a dinner that I bagged my
bird in my life. Broderip asked me to dine with him to-day, and
went out and forgot it; so, I said to myself, says I, I want to ask
Mat., or Mrs. Mat., two questions about Charles's 'Trip to Rome.'
So on, says I, I'll go to Millfield Lane. I did. On my way I forgot
why Broderip forgot _his_ engagement;--natural enough--modern
Aristophanes--beautiful view--charming grounds--pleasant
company,--poor me, of course, rejected. Well, up I _goes_. Man with
powder and an apron opens gate--expecting company--doesn't know
whether Mr. Mathews is at home or no--goes to see--good butler, but
cannot lie steadily; so out comes a woman. Satire on the sex to
think they have more composure than man in a quandary.--Master not
at home.--Novelty, says I, Mathews _at Home_, anybody can see: but,
to see Mat. not at home, is not to be bought. 'Thank you, ma'am,'
says I; and downhill I tumbled. At its foot, _ex pede_, I discovered
(not _Herculem_) but the reason why you chose to deny yourself. Why
didn't you come out and speak? I most ardently eschew your mutton,
beef, veal, and ham. I only wanted three words of you.--That's your
affair. Now, thinks I, Broderip has cut me, and Mathews has denied
himself, I'll go and dine with Nash. Nash dined _out_, waiting for
the great gentleman from _Berkshire_. I called upon Lyon (_James_),
but, like his namesake, he had _abdicated_. Met Sir Hudson Lowe--did
not ask me; called at Elliott's--_they_ dined _out_; so I damned my
fate, and ordered dinner at seven here, and here I am; and so I will
punish your long legs with a threepenny. Write to me, or ask Mrs.
Mat. to write, and tell me of the name of the _tune_ of 'The Trip to
Rome,' which it is essential to know; and, if she can furnish me with
the _second_ verse _complete_, I should be obliged, for Charles has
sent only half the stanza.

"Despatch in all this is important: it is a very, _very_ clever
production, and Charles _shall_ be, what I am sure he _will_, an
honour and a blessing to you both; and so I, in the dumps as I am,
pray he may."


On the occasion of Lord Melville's trial, Theodore Hook was present
with a friend.

They went early, and were engaged in conversation when the Peers
began to enter. At this moment a country-looking lady, whom he
afterwards found to be a resident at Rye, in Sussex, touched his
arm, and said: "I beg your pardon, sir, but pray who are those
gentlemen in red now coming in?" "Those, ma'am," returned Theodore,
"are the Barons of England; in these cases the junior peers always
come first." "Thank you, sir, much obliged to you. Louisa, my dear
(turning to a girl about fourteen), tell Jane (about ten), those are
the Barons of England; and the juniors (that's the youngest, you
know,) always goes first. Tell her to be sure and remember that when
we get home." "Dear me, ma!" said Louisa, "can that gentleman be
one of the _youngest_? I am sure he looks very old." Human nature,
added Hook, could not stand this; any one, though with no more
mischief in him than a dove, must have been excited to a hoax. "And
pray, sir," continued the lady, "what gentlemen are those?" pointing
to the Bishops, who came next in order, in the dress which they
wear on state occasions, viz., the scarlet and lawn sleeves over
their doctors' robes. "Gentlemen, ma'am!" said Hook, "those are not
gentlemen; those are _ladies_, elderly ladies--the Dowager Peeresses
in their own right." The fair inquirer fixed a penetrating glance
upon his countenance, saying, as plainly as an eye can say, "Are
you quizzing me or no?" Not a muscle moved; till at last, tolerably
satisfied with her scrutiny, she turned round and whispered, "Louisa,
dear, the gentleman _says_ that these are elderly ladies, and Dowager
Peeresses in their own right; tell Jane not to forget _that_!" All
went on smoothly till the Speaker of the House of Commons attracted
her attention by the rich embroidery of his robes. "Pray, sir,"
said she, "and who is that fine-looking person opposite?" "That,
madam," was the answer, "is Cardinal Wolsey!" "No, sir!" cried the
lady, drawing herself up, and casting at her informant a look of
angry disdain, "we knows a little better than that; Cardinal Wolsey
has been dead many a good year!" "No such thing, my dear madam, I
assure you," replied Hook, with a gravity that must have been almost
preternatural; "it has been, I know, so reported in the country, but
without the least foundation; in fact, those rascally newspapers
will say anything." The good old gentlewoman appeared thunderstruck,
opened her eyes to their full extent, and gasped like a dying carp;
_vox faucibus hæsit_, seizing a daughter with each hand, she hurried
without a word from the spot.--_Ingoldsby Legends_, 3rd series, p.


Hook had been entered at St. Mary's Hall: his friends would have
preferred a residence at Exeter College, but to this, as entailing
a somewhat more strict observance of discipline than was compatible
with his habits, he himself positively objected. A compromise was
effected, and he was placed under the charge of his brother, and
presented by him to the Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Parsons, Head of
Balliol, and afterwards Bishop of Peterborough, for matriculation.
The ceremony was well-nigh stopped _in limine_, in consequence of
an ill-timed piece of facetiousness on the part of the candidate.
On being asked if he was prepared to subscribe to the Thirty-nine

"Oh, certainly, sir," replied Theodore; "_forty, if you please_."[77]

The horror of the Vice-Chancellor may be imagined. The young
gentleman was desired to withdraw; and it required all the interest
of his brother, who fortunately happened to be a personal friend of
Dr. Parsons, to induce the latter to overlook the offence. The joke,
such as it is, was probably picked out of one of Foote's farces,
who makes Mrs. Simony, if we mistake not, say, when speaking of her
husband the Doctor (intended for the unfortunate Dr. Dodd), "He
believes in all the Thirty-nine Articles; ay, and so he would if
there were forty of them."--_Barham._


On the evening of Hook's arrival at the University, he contrived to
give his brother the slip, and joined a party of old schoolfellows
in a carouse at one of the taverns. Sundry bowls of "Bishop," and
of a popular compound yclept "Egg-flip"--the Cambridge men call it
"Silky," to the _nondum graduati_ of Oxford it is known by a _nomen
accidentale_ which we have forgotten,--having been discussed; songs,
amatory and Bacchanalian, having been sung with full choruses; and
altogether the jocularity having begun to pass "the limit of becoming
mirth," the Proctor made his appearance; and, advancing to the table
at which the "Freshman"--fresh in every sense of the word--was
presiding, put the usual question,--

"Pray, sir, are you a member of this University?"

"No, sir," replied Hook, rising and bowing respectfully. "Pray, sir,
are you?"

A little disconcerted at the extreme gravity of the other, the
Proctor held out his ample sleeve--"You see this, sir?"

"Ah," returned Hook, having examined the fabric with great
earnestness for a few seconds, "yes; I perceive--Manchester
velvet--and may I take the liberty, sir, of inquiring how much you
might have paid per yard for the article?"

The quiet imperturbability of manner with which this was uttered
was more than the Rev. gentleman could stand; and, muttering
something about "supposing it was a mistake," he effected a retreat,
amid shouts of laughter from Hook's companions, in which the
other occupants of the coffee-room, the waiters, and even his own
"bull-dogs" were constrained to join.--_Barham._


Of Hook's improvisations, while at the Mauritius, a stanza of one,
in which the names of the company seem to have furnished, each, the
subject of an epigram, is extant; it runs as follows:--

      "We have next Mr. Winter, assessor of taxes,
      I'd advise you to pay him whatever he _axes_,
      Or you'll find, and I say it without any flummery,
      Tho' his name may be Winter, his actions are _summary_."


At St. Helena, Hook encountered the late Lord Charles Somerset, on
his way to assume the governorship of the Cape. Lord Charles, who had
met him in London occasionally, and knew nothing of his arrest, said,
"I hope you are not going home for your health, Mr. Hook." "Why,"
said Theodore, "I am sorry to say, they think there is something
wrong in the _chest_."--_Quarterly Review_, vol. lxxiii., p. 73.


In the art of punning, whatever be its merits or de-merits, Hook
had few rivals, and but one superior, if indeed one--we mean Mr.
Thomas Hood. Among the innumerable "Theodores" on record, it will
be difficult, of course, to pick out the best; but what he himself
considered to be such, was addressed to the late unfortunate
Mr. F----, an artist, who subsequently committed suicide at the
"Salopian" coffee-house for love, as it is said, of a popular
actress. They were walking in the neighbourhood of Kensington, when
the latter pointing out on a dead wall an incomplete or half-effaced
inscription, running "Warren's B----," was puzzled at the moment for
the want of the context.

"'Tis _lacking_ that should follow," observed Hook, in explanation.
Nearly as good was his remark on the Duke of Darmstadt's brass band.

"They well-nigh stun one," said he, in reference to a morning
concert, "with those terrible wind instruments, which roar away in
defiance of all rule, except that which Hoyle addresses to young
whist-players when in doubt--_trump it!_"


Theodore Hook's saying to some man with whom a bibliopolist dined
the other day, and got extremely drunk, "Why, you appear to me to
have emptied your _wine_-cellar into your _book_-seller."--_Moore's
Diary_, Feb., 1836.


The late Sir Robert Peel was strongly impressed with Hook's
conversational powers and the genuine readiness of his wit; in
illustration of this, he used to relate, among others, the following
anecdote:--One morning, at Drayton Manor, where Hook was staying
as a guest, some one after breakfast happened to read out from the
newspaper a paragraph, in which a well-known coroner was charged
with having had a corpse unnecessarily disinterred. The ladies were
very severe in condemnation of such unfeeling conduct; a gallant
captain, however, who was present, took up the cudgels in behalf of
the accused, maintaining that he was a very kind-hearted man, and
incapable of doing anything without strong reasons, calculated to
annoy the friends of the deceased. The contest waxed warm: "Come,"
said Captain ----, at length, turning to Hook, who was poring over
the _Times_ in a corner of the room, and who had taken no part in the
discussion, "you know W----, what do you think of him? Is he not a
good-tempered, good-natured fellow?"

"Indeed he is," replied Hook, laying aside his paper, "I should say
he was just the very man to _give a body a lift_."

On the same authority, we may repeat a pun made at the expense of the
Duke of Rutland. There was a grand entertainment at Belvoir Castle,
on the occasion of the coming of age of the Marquis of Granby; the
company were going out to see the fireworks, when Hook came, in great
tribulation, to the Duke, who was standing near Sir Robert, and said,
"Now isn't this provoking! I've lost my hat--what can I do?" "Why the
deuce," returned his grace, "did you part with your hat?--I never
do!" "Yes," rejoined Theodore, "but you have especially good reasons
for sticking to your _Beaver_."[78]


"Theodore Hook," writes a friend, "had a receipt of his own to
prevent invalids from being exposed to the night air. I remember his
once taking me home from a party in his cab, between four and five
o'clock on a brilliant morning in July. I made some remark, soon
after we had passed Hyde Park Corner, about the reviving quality
of the air after the heated rooms we had been in. 'Ah,' said Hook,
'you may depend on it, my dear fellow, that there is nothing more
injurious to health than the night air. I was very ill some months
ago, and my doctor gave me particular orders not to expose myself
to it.' 'I hope,' said I, 'you attended to them?' 'O yes!' said he,
'strictly; I came up every day to Crockford's or some other place
to dinner, and I made it a rule on no account to go home again till
about this hour in the morning.'"


"In the course of our fishing, we had been punted down the river
opposite to Lord ----'s house, and while seated in front of it, he
remarked that he used to be on very friendly terms with the noble
owner; but that a coolness had lately sprung up between them, in
consequence of his lordship having taken umbrage at the epitaph
(pointed with a clever but objectionable pun) he had composed for
his late brother, so unhappily notorious for the charges brought
against him of false play at whist. On seeing the present Peer out on
the river fishing, Hook had received from him, instead of his usual
courteous greeting, a very stiff, ceremonious bow; but, determined
not to notice it, he only replied:--

"'What, my lord, following the family occupation, eh?--_punting_, I

An impromptu of Hook's on the same subject, ran the round of the
club-houses. It will be remembered that the nobleman alluded to
brought an action for defamation against certain of his accusers,
which, however, he thought proper to abandon at the last moment.


      "Cease your humming,
        The case is 'on;'
      Defendant's _Cumming_;


The Duke of B----, who was to have been one of the knights at the
Eglinton Tournament, was lamenting that he was obliged to excuse
himself, on the ground of an attack of the gout.

"How," said he, "could I ever get my poor puffed legs into those
abominable iron boots?"

"It will be quite as appropriate," replied Hook, "if your Grace goes
in your _list_ shoes."


When Messrs. Abbott and Egerton, in 1836, took the old Coburg Theatre
(the Victoria), for the purpose of bringing forward the legitimate
drama, the former gentleman asked Hook if he could suggest a new
name, the old being too much identified with blue fire and broad
swords to suit the proposed change of performance. "Why," said
Theodore, "as, of course, you will butcher everything you attempt,
suppose you call it the _Abattoir_."


Hook's residence at Putney afforded occasion for the delivery of one
of the best of his best _bon-mots_. A friend, viewing Putney bridge
from the little terrace that overhung the Thames, observed that he
had been informed that it was a very good investment, and, turning
to his host, inquired "if such was the case--if the bridge really

"I don't know," said Theodore, "but you have only to cross it, and
you are sure to be _tolled_."


Some years ago an ingenious representation of the destruction of
a Swiss village by an avalanche was exhibited at the Diorama in
the Regent's Park, the effect of which was greatly increased by a
clever vocal imitation of the dreary winter wind whistling through
the mountains; but this sound ceasing whilst the exigencies of
the scene still demanded its continuance, Theodore Hook, who was
present, exclaimed, "_Bless me, Mr. Thompson is tired_," which set
the spectators laughing, nor could they at all resume the awe-struck
gravity with which they had previously witnessed the tragic
picture.--_Edinburgh Review_, July, 1859.


Tom Hill, the real original "Paul Pry," was reported to be of great
age; and Theodore Hook circulated the apology that his baptismal
register could not be found