Home
  By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon


We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: Forty-Eighth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. - Forty-eighth Annual Report of the Bureau of American - Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, - 1930-1931, Government Printing Office, Washington, 1933.
Author: Stirling, M. W.
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Forty-Eighth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. - Forty-eighth Annual Report of the Bureau of American - Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, - 1930-1931, Government Printing Office, Washington, 1933." ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.



Hammond, The Internet Archive (Biodiversity Heritage
generously made available by the Bibliothèque nationale
de France (BnF/Gallica) at http://gallica.bnf.fr)



  _Forty-eighth Annual Report
  of the_

  BUREAU OF AMERICAN
  ETHNOLOGY

  _1930-1931_

  [Illustration]

  SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION
  WASHINGTON
  D. C.



  FORTY-EIGHTH
  ANNUAL REPORT OF THE

  BUREAU OF
  AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY

  TO THE SECRETARY OF THE
  SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION

  1930-1931

  [Illustration]

  UNITED STATES
  GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
  WASHINGTON: 1933

  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C.
  Price $2.00 (Paper cover)



LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL


  SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION,
  BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY,
  _Washington, D. C., July 15, 1931_.

SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith the Forty-eighth
Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology for the fiscal year
ended June 30, 1931.

With appreciation of your aid in the work under my charge, I am

  Very respectfully yours,

  M. W. STIRLING,
  _Chief_.

  Dr. C. G. ABBOT,
  _Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution_.



CONTENTS


  REPORT OF THE CHIEF

                                                                    Page

  Systematic researches                                                3

  Special researches                                                  15

  Editorial work and publications                                     17

  Distribution of publications                                        18

  Illustrations                                                       19

  Library                                                             19

  Collections                                                         20

  Property                                                            21

  Miscellaneous                                                       21


  ACCOMPANYING PAPER

  General Index, Annual Reports of the Bureau of American
    Ethnology, vols. 1-48, compiled by Biren Bonnerjea                25



REPORT OF THE CHIEF



FORTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT

OF THE

BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY

M. W. STIRLING, CHIEF


The operations of the Bureau of American Ethnology during the fiscal
year ended June 30, 1931, were conducted in accordance with the act
of Congress approved April 19, 1930, making appropriations for sundry
civil expenses of the Government, which act contains the following item:

    American ethnology: For continuing ethnological researches
    among the American Indians and the natives of Hawaii, the
    excavation and preservation of archeologic remains under the
    direction of the Smithsonian Institution, including necessary
    employees, the preparation of manuscripts, drawings, and
    illustrations, the purchase of books and periodicals, and
    traveling expenses, $70,280.



SYSTEMATIC RESEARCHES

M. W. Stirling, chief, left Washington during the latter part of
January to continue his archeological researches in Florida. On the way
south he took the opportunity to investigate a number of archeological
sites in several of the Southern States, notably a group of mounds
which had been reported in the vicinity of High Point, N. C. and two
mound sites on Pine Island in the Tennessee River in northern Alabama.

A few days were spent in the vicinity of Montgomery, Ala., examining
the early historic sites being investigated there by the Alabama
Anthropological Society. A large mound had been reported in the
vicinity of Flomaton, Ala.; this was visited and found to be a natural
formation.

Continuing down the west coast of Florida, Mr. Stirling visited briefly
the archeological sites at Crystal River, Safety Harbor, and Alligator
Creek. The principal work for the season was commenced on February 5
on Blue Hill Island south of Key Marco, one of the northernmost of
the Ten Thousand Island Group. A large sand burial mound was excavated
and found to be of early post-Columbian Calusa origin. Excavation of
the mound disclosed a number of interesting structural features quite
unusual in Florida sand mounds. Six feet above the base of the mound a
clay floor was encountered which gave evidence of having been the base
of a temple structure, as it was surrounded by post-holes and in some
instances by the decayed remains of the wooden uprights still in place.
This structure had evidently been destroyed and the mound subsequently
enlarged by adding 6 feet more of sand above the original substructure.
Numerous burials were encountered both above and below the clay floor.
A few articles of European manufacture were recovered from the upper
level of the mound. As none were recovered from beneath the temple
floor, it is possible that the older section of the mound is of
pre-Columbian age. Cultural material recovered was interesting though
not abundant. This included characteristic pottery specimens, pendants
and ornaments made from fossil shark teeth, shell dishes, cups, celts,
and a few stone knives and arrowheads. Articles of European manufacture
consisted of glass beads and iron axes of Spanish type. More than 250
burials were removed.

Following the completion of this work, Mr. Stirling went to the island
of Haiti, where, in the company of H. W. Krieger, of the United States
National Museum, he investigated archeological sites previously worked
by Mr. Krieger in various parts of the island. Returning from Haiti to
Florida, work was continued in the eastern part of the State, where a
number of mounds were investigated between Miami and Cape Canaveral.

The most interesting discovery of the entire season consisted in
locating two series of large geometric earthworks on the eastern side
of the Everglades, not far from Indian town. One of these groups is
one of the largest and best preserved works of this type now existing
on the North American continent. It is hoped that at an early date
the bureau will be able to begin excavations on this most interesting
site. At the completion of this reconnaissance, Mr. Stirling returned
to Washington, leaving almost immediately for Chicago in order to
attend a meeting of the National Research Council, the purpose of which
was to organize research on the subject of early man in America.

Dr. John R. Swanton, ethnologist, was engaged in field work in
Louisiana from July 1 to August 14, 1930. It was found that Rosa
Pierrette, the sole Indian acquainted with the Ofo language and the one
from whom, in 1908, he obtained the only specimens of that language in
existence, was dead, and the language therefore is dead also. A search
was made for speakers of Atakapa, but all appeared to be gone except
one old woman who could barely recall a few words. The Chitimacha
Indians of Charenton were visited and a small amount of linguistic
material was obtained from them. Of the Tunica at Marksville, only two
or three are still able to use the old tongue, but one of these proved
to be an ideal informant and Doctor Swanton obtained from him a number
of short stories and one long story in native text. The rest of the
time was spent at Kinder, where a considerable body of material in
Koasati was obtained.

In view of the extinction of Atakapa as a spoken language, Doctor
Swanton considered that the words, phrases, and text collected by Dr.
A. S. Gatschet in 1886, which comprise by far the greater portion
of the material in that tongue still preserved, should be published
without delay and the greater part of the winter of 1930-31 was spent
in editing it. To Gatschet’s material have been added the Eastern
Atakapa words collected by Murray and the Akokisa vocabulary obtained
by the French captain, Bérenger, and published by Du Terrage and Rivet.
A bulletin containing all this is now in the hands of the printer.

Work has progressed on the tribal map of North America which is being
copied by Mrs. E. C. M. Payne, and additions have been made to the text
to accompany it.

Doctor Swanton is preparing the first draft of a Handbook of the
Indians of the Southeast.

The closing weeks of the year were devoted to reading the proof of
Bulletin 103, entitled “Source Material for the Social and Ceremonial
Life of the Choctaw Indians.”

Dr. Truman Michelson, ethnologist, was at work among the Kickapoo of
Oklahoma at the beginning of the fiscal year. A really representative
body of Kickapoo mythology is now available, and it is quite certain
that it is more northern than Fox mythology. The ritualistic origin
myths are still terra incognita. A good beginning has been made on
Kickapoo social organization. In the middle of July Doctor Michelson
went among the Foxes of Iowa. The object of the trip was to restore
one Fox text phonetically and to obtain some new texts, in the current
syllabic script, on Fox ceremonials, in both of which projects he
was successful. Doctor Michelson returned to Washington August 4. He
completed his memoir on the Fox WâpAnōwiweni and transmitted
it for publication February 7. His paper, Contributions to Fox
Ethnology, II, Bulletin 95 of the bureau, appeared in the course of the
fiscal year.

The remainder of the time was largely taken up studying materials
gathered previously and also in extracting from Petter’s Cheyenne
Dictionary such stems and words as can be rigorously proved to be
Algonquian. The material on the physical anthropology of the Cheyenne
showed clearly the great variation that occurs among living races. A
proper technique was worked out for determining the Cheyenne words
of Algonquian origin. Though Petter’s alphabet is inadequate, it was
possible to partially control this material by comparing it with
that of Doctor Michelson. Approximately 700 of such words and stems
were extracted. Though the technique mentioned above is very slow,
Doctor Michelson is convinced that it is the correct procedure. It was
entirely feasible to establish about 70 phonetic shifts which have
transformed Cheyenne from normal Algonquian into divergent Algonquian.

Toward the close of May Doctor Michelson left for Oklahoma and renewed
his work with the Cheyenne of that State. He restored phonetically the
material extracted from Petter, with the result that it is now possible
to formulate the transforming phonetic shifts with greater nicety.
He also measured a number of Cheyenne. Though the number is not yet
large enough to be absolutely decisive in a statistical sense, there
is good reason to believe that the vault of their skulls is low, thus
resembling the Dakota Sioux rather than most Algonquian tribes. Some
new data on Cheyenne social life and mythology were obtained. It was
his privilege to consult with some other anthropologists in Oklahoma
and to visit one museum.

John P. Harrington, ethnologist, was engaged during the summer of
1930 in the preparation of his report on the Indians who were brought
together at San Juan Bautista Mission in the first half of the
nineteenth century by the Spanish-speaking padres from various parts
of San Benito County, Calif., and the adjacent region. A valuable
vocabulary of the language, recorded by Father Felipe Arroyo de la
Cuesta, had already been published by the Smithsonian Institution
in the sixties of the last century, but aside from this vocabulary
there was little or nothing in print on these Indians. Elaborating a
wealth of material obtained from Mrs. Ascención Solórsano, the last
San Juan Indian who spoke the language, who died in January, 1930,
Mr. Harrington prepared a report on all phases of the life of these
Indians, as far as reconstructable. This report tells of the remarkable
way in which the language and partial ethnography were rescued from
this sole survivor, and then proceeds to the history, geography, and
customs of the tribe, including all that could be learned of former
religion, ceremony, and mythology.

Mrs. Solórsano was an Indian herb doctor, and a feature of the work
during the summer of 1929 had been to obtain specimens and information
to cover the ethnobotany of the tribe. Further specimens were obtained
in the summer of 1930 by Mrs. Dionisia Mondragón and Miss Marta J.
Herrera, daughter and granddaughter of Mrs. Solórsano, and these were
all identified by Mr. C. V. Morton, of the National Herbarium. This
section gives the treatment for curing some 60 different ailments with
these herbs and by other curious means. It forms a nucleus for making
comparative studies in Indian medicine.

At the end of January, 1931, Mr. Harrington left for California for
the purpose of continuing his studies in this region, this time
specializing on the Esselen and Antoniano Indians in the southern part
of Monterey County. Taking the specimens of San Juan Bautista plants
with him and arriving in wild-flower season, a thorough collecting of
plants was rewarded with a great mass of information which further
elucidated much of the San Juan plant material. This collecting was
done in several places in southern Monterey County and simultaneously
in San Benito County. Seeds used for food were actually made up into
the food product to get the primitive process, and the same method was
followed in the study of medicines.

Along with the plants the field of ethnozoology was thoroughly covered
and practically all the animals known to these Indians were identified.
Specimens were obtained, especially of birds, which proved to be the
most difficult field for identification in the collecting of animal
names, and the skins were identified by the division of birds of the
National Museum. Eight different kinds of snakes were known by name and
identified.

One of the rarest features of the work was the obtaining of a number
of old Indian place names in the Old Esselen country, the western
tributary of the Salinas River known as the Arroyo Seco. A study of
the place names resulted in the discovery that the Esselen were not a
coastal but an inland people, inhabiting the Arroyo Seco and a section
of the Salinas River and centered about Soledad Mission. They were one
of the smallest tribes in California, and the name properly begins with
an h; they were known in the San Juan Bautista from all that section of
California. The expedition went from Monterey to the Aguage de Martin
and from there climbed the mountain. Some 40 exposures were made of
the various rocks connected with the ceremonies and the springs and
camps, and several hundred pages of notes were taken down in California
Spanish from Don Angel and others dealing with the history of these
ceremonies and the life of Mariana and Joaquin Murrieta. On the way
back to the coast the Cruz Cervantes ranch was visited, where Murrieta
and Mariana were equipped by Don Cruz for starting their war against
the Americans.

An examination of place names and village sites and linguistic
studies occupied Mr. Harrington up to the end of June. Not only were
vocabularies of early recording utilized but the invaluable records
contained in the old mission books were, through the courtesy of
Bishop McGinley, of Fresno, placed at the disposal of the Smithsonian
Institution for copying, and a considerable part of these books has
already been copied and revised with the aid of the oldest Indians.

Dr. F. H. H. Roberts, jr., archeologist, devoted the fiscal year to a
number of activities. During the months of July, August, and September,
excavations at a site on the Zuñi reservation, 16 miles northeast of
the Indian village of Zuñi, were brought to a conclusion. The work had
been started the latter part of May, 1930. At the end of the season’s
field work the ruins of two houses, one containing 64 rooms, the other
20 rooms, and a number of ceremonial chambers had been cleared of the
débris which had accumulated in them in the centuries which have passed
since their abandonment.

Evidence showed that the largest of the houses had not been erected as
a complete unit and that it was not occupied in its entirety at any
time. The central block, together with a superceremonial chamber placed
at its southern side, constituted the original block of the structure.
Subsequent additions consisted of an east-and-west wing and a series of
chambers south of the original portion and east of the great ceremonial
chamber. Masonry in the walls of the latter portions was inferior to
that in the original section. The outlines of the rooms in these same
portions of the building were so irregular that they appeared to have
been built by a different group of people. The walls in the original
section were constructed in a style characteristic of the ruins in the
Chaco Canyon, 85 miles northeast from the Zuñi region. The stonework in
the latter portions of the building was suggestive of the type found in
the ruins of the Upper Gila area to the south.

The small house did not give evidence of growth stages as distinct as
those observed in the large building; it did show, however, that a
fairly small structure had been added to on various occasions. The
walls in this building were of the same nature as those in the later
portions of the larger dwelling, except that the stones were more
carefully dressed. This suggested that the small house may have been
built by the same group which erected the later portions of the large
one.

In addition to the two houses and seven small ceremonial chambers two
great kivas were found. Only one of these was excavated. In the case
of the other it was possible merely to trace the outer walls in order
to obtain the size and position of the structure. The finding of these
two great kivas was significant because investigations in the Southwest
have shown that such structures are always associated with some form
of the Chaco culture. The great kiva connected with the larger of the
two dwellings revealed one of the essential characteristics of such
structures when the débris which filled it was removed. It had an
average diameter of 55 feet. The second of these large circular houses
was completely detached from the other buildings in the village and had
been placed in a court formed by the other structures. It averaged 78
feet in diameter, which makes it the largest yet discovered.

The excavations yielded 400 specimens of the people’s handicraft in
addition to the information on house types. Included in the collection
are pottery vessels, tools or implements of stone and bone, ornaments,
and a number of stone images. The pottery is characterized by examples
typical of the Chaco Canyon wares and also specimens characteristic
of the Upper Gila region to the south. The summer’s investigations
demonstrate that the village on the Zuñi reservation belongs to the
great period of the prehistoric pueblos; that designated as Pueblo III
in southwestern chronology. The evidence obtained also indicates that
there was a fusion of two groups of people at this location: One, the
first to arrive, came from the Chaco area in the north, and the other
from the Upper Gila villages in the south. Charred timbers obtained
from the ruins enabled Dr. A. E. Douglas, of the University of Arizona,
to give the dates 1000 to 1030 A. D. for the life of the community.

Upon the completion of the above work one week was spent in making an
archeological survey on the Zuñi reservation and in the region west
and northwest from that district. As a result of the reconnaissance, a
promising site for further investigations was found. Following this,
a trip was made to Cortez, Colo., for the purpose of inspecting ruins
being excavated by Lee Dawson near the opening into McElmo Canyon,
4 miles southwest from Cortez. It was found that Mr. Dawson had an
unusually interesting group of unit-type houses on his property. Of
particular interest were the kivas or ceremonial chambers associated
with these structures. In many of them the walls had been ornamented
with a series of paintings placed in bands encircling the walls. From
Cortez the writer went to Denver and from there returned to Washington
the middle of October.

During the winter months, galley, page, and final proofs were read on
Bulletin 100, a report on work conducted during the summer of 1929,
entitled “The Ruins of Kiatuthlanna, Eastern Arizona.” In addition, the
specimens brought in from the summer field work were studied. Drawings
and photographs were made of them for use in a report on the work. Six
hundred pages of manuscript, entitled “The Village of the Great Kivas
on the Zuñi Reservation, New Mexico,” was prepared. Thirty text figures
were drawn to accompany this manuscript.

Doctor Roberts left Washington May 14, 1931, for Denver, Colo., for
the purpose of inspecting and studying the specimens obtained by the
Smithsonian Institution-University of Denver Cooperative Expedition in
the summer of 1930 and also for the purpose of examining collections
in the Colorado State Museum. He left Denver on May 25 for Santa
Fe, N. Mex. At the latter place two days were spent in studying the
collections at the Laboratory of Anthropology and at the Museum of New
Mexico. From Santa Fe he proceeded to Gallup, N. Mex., where supplies
were obtained for a field camp. From Gallup this material was taken to
a site 3½ miles south of Allan town, Ariz., where a camp was established
and excavations started on the remains of a large pit-house village.
One refuse mound containing 12 burials with accompanying mortuary
offerings and two pit houses had been investigated at the close of the
fiscal year.

The pit houses were found to be characteristic of that type and quite
comparable to those excavated in the Chaco Canyon in 1927, reported in
Bulletin 92 of the Bureau of American Ethnology, and to those excavated
in eastern Arizona in the summer of 1929, described in Bulletin 100 of
the bureau.

From July 1, 1930, to May 10, 1931, J. N. B. Hewitt, ethnologist, was
engaged in routine office work, and from the latter date to the end of
the fiscal year he was engaged in field service on the Grant of the Six
Nations on the Grand River in Ontario, Canada, and, briefly, on the
Tuscarora reservation in western New York State.

Mr. Hewitt devoted much time and study to rearranging and retyping some
of his native Iroquoian texts which critical revisions and additional
data had made necessary to facilitate interlinear translations and to
render such texts as legible as possible for the printer.

The texts so treated are the Cayuga version of the founding of the
League of the Iroquois as dictated by the late Chief Abram Charles;
the version of the Eulogy of the Founders as dictated by Chief Jacob
Hess in Cayuga, and also his versions of the addresses introducing
the several chants; also, four of the myths of the Wind and Vegetable
Gods which are usually represented by wooden faces and husk faces
(which are customarily misnamed masks, although their chief purpose
is to represent, not to mask). The Onondaga texts of these myths were
in great need of careful revision, for their relator was extremely
careless in his use of the persons and the tenses of the verbs,
frequently changing from the third to the second person and from
past to future time by unconsciously employing the language of the
rites peculiar to the faces; and also the decipherment of a set of
pictographs or mnemonic figures, designed and employed by the late
Chief Abram Charles, of the Grand River Reservation in Canada, to
recall to his mind the official names and their order of the 49 federal
chiefs of the Council of the League of the Iroquois, in chanting the
Eulogy of the Founders of the League; and also to recall the 15
sections or burdens of the great Requickening Address of the Council of
Condolence and Installation; this paper with illustrations is nearly
ready for the printer; and also a critical study of the matter of the
Onondaga and the Cayuga texts, giving the several variant versions of
the events attending the birth and childhood and work of Deganawida.
He was born of a virgin mother, which indicated that underlying them
there appeared to be an ideal figure, although of course unexpressed.
This discovery showed the need for thorough search in the field for
a living tradition in which this ideal is fully expressed. Further
search was deferred to field work. It was clear that such an ideal
enhanced the beauty of the birth story of Deganawida and made more
interesting the historicity of such a person. Mr. Hewitt had the great
satisfaction of recovering such a tradition in his subsequent field
researches. He found that the inferiority complex had precluded his
present informants from expressing themselves during the lifetime of
other informants, whose recent deaths opened their mouths without the
fear of contradiction. The death of Abram Charles within the year made
these shy informants vocal.

In January Matthew W. Stirling, chief of the Bureau of American
Ethnology, requested Mr. Hewitt to undertake the editing of the
Manuscript Journal of Rudolph Friederich Kurz, of Berne, Switzerland,
in the manner in which he had prepared the Edwin Thompson Denig Report
on the Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri River, published in the
Forty-sixth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. The
Kurz manuscript was written in German during the years 1846 to 1852.
The typed German text consists of 454 pages of large legal-cap size,
while the English translation of it by Myrtis Jarrell occupies 780
pages. The journal is a narrative of Mr. Kurz’s experiences in a trip
up the Mississippi River from New Orleans to St. Louis, thence up the
Missouri to Fort Union at the mouth of the Yellowstone River, and of
his difficulties with the Indians while endeavoring to make drawings
or pictures of them. There are 125 pen sketches of Indians and others
accompanying the manuscript.

Mr. Hewitt represents the Bureau of American Ethnology, Smithsonian
Institution, on the United States Geographic Board, and is a member
of its executive committee. In connection with the forthcoming issue
of the sixth report of this board much extra work had to be done by
members of the executive committee. Mr. Hewitt prepared a memorandum
for a portion of the introduction. Mr. Hewitt also devoted much time
and study to the collection and preparation of data for official
replies to correspondents of the bureau, some demanding long research.
Miss Mae W. Tucker has assisted Mr. Hewitt in the care of the
manuscript and phonograph and photograph records of the archives.

On May 10, 1931, Mr. Hewitt left Washington, D. C., on field duty and
returned to the bureau July 2, 1931. During this trip he visited the
Grand River grant of the Six Nations of Iroquois Indians dwelling near
Brantford, Canada, and also the Tuscarora Reservation near Niagara
Falls, N. Y.

Winslow M. Walker was appointed to the staff of the Bureau of American
Ethnology as associate anthropologist in March, 1931. He resumed his
research in Hawaiian archeology, begun during a year’s stay in the
Hawaiian Islands in 1929, in preparation for a paper on Hawaiian
sculpture.

In preparation for work in the field Mr. Walker undertook research
in the early narratives of exploration in Louisiana and Arkansas. He
left Washington May 29 to investigate some caves in the vicinity of
Gilbert, Ark., in the Ozark Mountains, with the hope of being able to
throw new light on the Ozark bluff dwellers and other early inhabitants
of the caves. Sixteen caves were explored and excavations were made
in several of the most promising. A large cave at Cedar Grove yielded
several skeletons and a considerable number of stone, flint, and bone
artifacts. As the fiscal year closed Mr. Walker was still engaged in
excavating this cavern. He intends to make a brief survey of certain
mounds and village sites along the Red River Valley in the northern
part of Louisiana on the completion of his work in Arkansas.


SPECIAL RESEARCHES

The study of Indian music for the Bureau of American Ethnology has
been carried forward during the past year by Miss Frances Densmore.
The three phases of this research are (1) the recording of songs and
collecting of other material in the field, including the purchase
of specimens; (2) the transcription and analysis of songs, with the
development of information; and (3) the preparation of material for
publication. All these phases have received attention during the year,
and the songs of three hitherto unstudied localities have been recorded.

Early in July, 1930, Miss Densmore went to Grand Portage, an isolated
Chippewa village on Lake Superior, near the Canadian boundary. This
village was visited in 1905, a ceremony was witnessed, and one of
its songs written down; therefore a return to Grand Portage was
particularly interesting. The purpose of the trip was to witness the
Chippewa dances on the Fourth of July, but she remained more than three
weeks, continuing her study of native customs. Several songs of the
_Wabunowin_ were heard and translated, these resembling the songs of
the Grand Medicine, which formed a subject of intensive study during
1907-1911. She also witnessed the tipi-shaking of an Indian medicine
man and listened to his songs for almost an hour. This performance is
very rare at the present time. Although the evening was quiet, the
tipi was seen to sway as though buffeted by a tempest, then remain
motionless a few seconds and again shake convulsively. This was
continuous while Miss Densmore watched the performance and was said
to have continued several hours afterwards. Inside the tipi sat the
medicine man, believed to be talking with spirits whom he had summoned,
the spirits making known their presence by the shaking of the conical
structure. The next day the medicine man said that he had summoned
the spirits in order to ascertain whether his treatment of a certain
sick man would be successful. He said that if the spirits “spoke loud
and clear” the man would recover, but if their voices were faint the
man would die. The response was said to have been satisfactory, and
accordingly he instituted a “beneficial dance,” which was attended by
Miss Densmore, and the songs heard for a considerable time. These,
like the songs in the tipi, resembled the songs of the Chippewa Grand
Medicine Society.

The study of Indian music was continued by a trip to Kilbourn, Wis.,
during August and September. Two pageants are given simultaneously at
the Dalles of the Wisconsin River, near Kilbourn, each employing about
100 Indians. In the pageants the swan and hoop dance, as well as war
and social dances of the Winnebago, were seen. The dances of other
tribes presented in the pageants included the eagle dance and other
pueblo dances. Songs of the swan, hoop, and frog dances were later
recorded by leading pageant singers.

At Kilbourn Miss Densmore recorded numerous songs of Pueblo Indians
from Isleta and Cochiti, these consisting chiefly of corn-grinding and
war songs. The words of these songs are highly poetic and many of the
melodies resemble Acoma songs in structure.

As John Bearskin and his family were traveling from Kilbourn to their
home in Nebraska they passed through Red Wing, Minn., and songs were
recorded at Miss Densmore’s home. Bearskin recorded three complete sets
of the Winnebago medicine lodge songs and a set of Buffalo feast songs.

In January, 1931, Miss Densmore went to Washington, where she worked on
the preparation of material for publication, and proceeded thence to
Miami, Fla., where she began a study of Seminole music, recording songs
of the corn dance from the man who leads the singing in that ceremony;
also the songs that precede a hunting expedition. The customs of the
Seminole were studied and a collection of specimens was obtained. This
collection includes two complete costumes and is now the property of
the United States National Museum.

The second phase of the research is represented by eight manuscripts
which include the transcriptions and analyses of 77 songs and two
flute melodies recorded by Winnebago, Isleta, Cochiti, and Seminole
Indians. The cumulative analyses of Indian songs has been continued and
now comprises 1,553 songs. The 14 tables submitted during this year
constitute a comparison between a large series of Nootka and Quileute
songs and the songs previously analyzed by the same method.

The third phase of work comprised the preparation for publication of
“Menominee Music” and “Acoma Music.”

Frank M. Setzler, assistant curator, division of archeology, United
States National Museum, was detailed to the bureau for the purpose
of conducting an archeological investigation in Texas. After briefly
examining several sites at Victoria and Brownsville along the Gulf
coast, he excavated four caves and one rock shelter on the Mollie B.
Knight ranch, in Presidio County, and visited several other caverns in
the vicinity.

From one large cave a total of 70 specimens, including baskets,
matting, cradles, sandals, beads, corn, gourd shards, and one skeleton,
were recovered. No pottery or evidence of European influence was found.
Although the site is only 150 miles east of a marginal Basket-Maker
culture, no local trace was found of these early southwestern people.
The material differs in some respects from any other in the Museum and
more research will be required before it can be definitely identified.


EDITORIAL WORK AND PUBLICATIONS

The editing of the publications of the bureau was continued through the
year by Stanley Searles, editor, assisted by Mrs. Frances S. Nichols,
editorial assistant. The status of the publications is presented in the
following summary:

PUBLICATIONS ISSUED

    Forty-fifth Annual Report. Accompanying papers: The Salishan
    Tribes of the Western Plateaus (Teit, edited by Boas);
    Tattooing and Face and Body Painting of the Thompson Indians,
    British Columbia (Teit, edited by Boas); The Ethnobotany of
    the Thompson Indians of British Columbia (Steedman); The Osage
    Tribe: Rite of the Wa-xo-be (La Flesche). vii + 857 pp., 29
    pls., 47 figs.

    Forty-sixth Annual Report. Accompanying papers: Anthropological
    Survey in Alaska (Hrdlička); Report to the Honorable Isaac S.
    Stevens, Governor of Washington Territory, on the Indian Tribes
    of the Upper Missouri (Denig, edited by Hewitt). vii + 654 pp.,
    80 pls., 35 figs.

    Bulletin 96. Early Pueblo Ruins in the Piedra District,
    Southwestern Colorado (Roberts). ix + 190 pp., 55 pls., 40 figs.

    Bulletin 97. The Kamia of Imperial Valley (Gifford). vii + 94
    pp., 2 pls., 4 figs.

    Bulletin 100. The Ruins at Kiatuthlanna, Eastern Arizona
    (Roberts). viii + 195 pp., 47 pls., 31 figs.


PUBLICATIONS IN PRESS

    Forty-seventh Annual Report. Accompanying papers: The Acoma
    Indians (White); Isleta, New Mexico (Parsons); Introduction to
    Zuñi Ceremonialism (Bunzel); Zuñi Origin Myths (Bunzel); Zuñi
    Ritual Poetry (Bunzel); Zuñi Katcinas (Bunzel).

    Bulletin 94. Tobacco Among the Karuk Indians of California
    (Harrington).

    Bulletin 98. Tales of the Cochiti Indians (Benedict).

    Bulletin 99. Cherokee Sacred Formulas and Medicinal
    Prescriptions (Mooney and Olbrechts).

    Bulletin 102. Menominee Music (Densmore).

    Bulletin 103. Source Material for the Social and Ceremonial
    Life of the Choctaw Indians (Swanton).

    Bulletin 104. A survey of the Ruins in the Region of Flagstaff,
    Arizona (Colton).

    Bulletin 105. Notes on the Wapanowiweni (Michelson).


DISTRIBUTION OF PUBLICATIONS

The distribution of the publications of the bureau has been continued
under the charge of Miss Helen Munroe, assisted by Miss Emma B. Powers.
Publications distributed were as follows:

  Annual Report volumes and separates               6,003
  Bulletins and separates                          13,924
  Contributions to North American Ethnology            33
  Miscellaneous publications                          515
                                                   ------
         Total                                     20,475

As compared with the fiscal year ended June 30, 1930, there was a
decrease of 4,393. This decrease is mainly in the distribution of
bulletins and separates, and possibly is largely explained by the very
large number of separates from the Handbook which were sent in the
previous year to the many groups of Camp Fire Girls. No great demand
from any one group was received during the past fiscal year.

Twenty-eight addresses were added to the mailing list during the year
and 20 were taken off. The mailing list now stands at 1,635 in addition
to the members of the staff of the bureau and other branches of the
Institution who receive the publications regularly as issued.


ILLUSTRATIONS

Following is a summary of work accomplished in the illustration branch
of the bureau under the supervision of De Lancey Gill, illustrator:

  Photographs and drawings retouched, lettered, and otherwise
    made ready for engraving                                   748

  Drawings made, including maps, diagrams, etc.                 48

  Engravers’ proofs criticized                                 524

  Printed editions of colored plates examined at Government
    Printing Office                                          7,000

  Correspondence attended to (letters)                         135

  Photographs selected and catalogued for private publication  310

  Photolaboratory work by Dr. A. J. Olmsted, National Museum,
  in cooperation with the Bureau of American Ethnology:

      Negatives                                                154

      Prints                                                   335

      Lantern slides                                            91

      Films developed from field exposures                      48

During the early part of the calendar year Miss Mae W. Tucker was
detailed to this branch to assist in listing and cataloguing the great
collection of Indian negatives already classified by Mr. Gill in
previous years. Of the purely ethnologic subjects, including portraits,
arts, and industries, the list will embrace more than 7,000 units. This
work, so long delayed, has progressed most satisfactorily.


LIBRARY

The reference library has continued under the care of Miss Ella Leary,
librarian, assisted by Thomas Blackwell.

During the year 600 volumes were accessioned, of which 97 were
acquired by purchase, 100 by binding of periodicals, and 403 by
gift and exchange; also 190 pamphlets and 3,500 serials, chiefly
the publications of learned societies, were received and recorded,
of which 28 were obtained by purchase, the remainder being received
through exchange, giving us at the close of the year a working library
of 26,671 volumes, 16,717 pamphlets, and several thousand unbound
periodicals. Books loaned during the year numbered 975 volumes. During
the year 473 volumes were bound. In addition to the use of its own
library, which is becoming more valuable through exchange and by
limited purchase, it was found necessary to draw on the Library of
Congress for the loan of about 250 volumes, and in turn the bureau
library was frequently consulted by officers of other Government
establishments, as well as by students not connected with the
Smithsonian Institution. The purchase of books and periodicals has
been restricted to such as relate to the bureau’s researches. During
the year the cataloguing has been carried on as new accessions were
acquired and good progress was made in cataloguing ethnologic and
related articles in the earlier serials. The catalogue was increased by
the addition of 3,500 cards. A considerable amount of reference work
was done in the usual course of the library’s service to investigators
and students, both in the Smithsonian Institution and outside.


COLLECTIONS

  Accession No.

  111046. Human skeletal material from a gravel bed along the Patuxent
  River, Md., collected by T. Dale Stewart on June 16, 1930.
  (12 specimens.)

  111697. About 100 crania and parts of skeletons from Safety Harbor,
  Fla., collected by M. W. Stirling. (139 specimens.)

  111961. Miniature clay toys made by Navajo Indian children and
  collected by Dr. W. H. Spinks at Chin Lee, Ariz., and 15
  snapshots. (37 specimens.)

  112277. Collection of 802 ivory specimens, etc., secured by Dr. A.
  Hrdlička along the Kuskokwim in 1930 from funds supplied
  by the bureau. (802 specimens.)

  112393. Archeological and skeletal material collected by Dr. F. H. H.
  Roberts, jr., during the summer of 1929 from a site in
  Arizona. (553 specimens.)

  112888. Archeological material from the vicinity of Tampa Bay, Fla.,
  collected by M. W. Stirling in 1930. (115 specimens.)

  114648. Skeletal material from Horr’s Island, Collier County, Fla.,
  collected during February and March, 1931, by M. W.
  Stirling. (150 specimens.)


PROPERTY

Office equipment was purchased to the amount of $571.25.


MISCELLANEOUS

The correspondence and other clerical work of the office has been
conducted by Miss May S. Clark, clerk to the chief, assisted by Anthony
W. Wilding, clerk. Miss Mae W. Tucker, stenographer, was engaged in
copying manuscript material for Doctor Swanton and in assisting Mr.
Hewitt in his work as custodian of manuscripts and phonograph records.
The manuscript Dictionary of * * * Indian Languages of North, Central,
and South America and the West Indies, compiled by W. R. Gerard, which
was in danger of becoming illegible due to the frayed condition of the
paper on which it was written and the faded writing, has been copied
by Miss Tucker. Work was begun on the catalogue of the photographic
negatives belonging to the bureau. To date approximately 7,000
negatives have been listed.

During the course of the year information was furnished by members
of the staff in reply to numerous inquiries concerning the North
American Indians, both past and present, and the Mexican peoples of the
prehistoric and early historic periods to the south. Various specimens
sent to the bureau were identified and data on them furnished for their
owners.

_Personnel._--Winslow M. Walker was appointed as associate
anthropologist on the staff of the bureau on March 6, 1931.

Miss May S. Clark, clerk, retired June 30, 1931.

  Respectfully submitted.

  M. W. STIRLING, _Chief_.

  Dr. C. G. ABBOT,

  _Secretary, Smithsonian Institution._



ACCOMPANYING PAPER



  GENERAL INDEX

  ANNUAL REPORTS

  OF THE

  BUREAU OF AMERICAN ETHNOLOGY

  VOLS. 1 TO 48

  (1879 TO 1931)

  [WASHINGTON, D. C., 1881-1933]

  COMPILED BY

  BIREN BONNERJEA



  CONTENTS


  Page

  Preface                                                             29

  Subject index                                                       33

  List of annual reports of the Bureau of American Ethnology        1185

  Index to authors and titles                                       1205

  Obituary                                                          1221



PREFACE


To the cultural anthropologist, as also to the archeologist, the United
States of America offer an unusually rich field in being a region where
civilized and primitive races exist side by side, where languages
belonging to totally different linguistic stocks are still spoken
by isolated tribes differing from each other in their cultural and
physical aspects, and where traces of lost civilizations indicating the
antiquity of man are being unearthed every day. The Bureau of American
Ethnology, since its beginning in 1879, has attempted to preserve these
ancient records for posterity; and its annual reports are a veritable
storehouse of information on languages and customs of tribes, many of
whom have already disappeared and others are fast disappearing. In
fact, it would be safe to assert that there is no one series of books
containing so much material about the North American aborigines as
these annual reports.

The present index had its origin some years ago when, on my arrival
in America, I frequently had occasion to use the annual reports. Out
of the vast amount of material contained in some 30,000 pages it was
often extremely difficult, if not altogether impossible, to find
any particular item. To save time and trouble I collected certain
references to subjects in which I was interested. It then occurred to
me that a general index to the reports might be useful to others too,
and on my suggesting the matter to the Chief of the Bureau of American
Ethnology it met with his approval. So what began as a mere handful of
references of a very special nature has ended in being a general index.

Originally it was my intention to include only those volumes which were
published during the first 50 years of the existence of the bureau, but
owing to technical and other difficulties it was found advisable to
publish my “Index” as the accompanying paper to the Forty-eighth Annual
Report. Therefore, after my whole manuscript was prepared and ready for
the press, I included in it the report for the fifty-first year of the
bureau. Moreover, owing to the portly proportions this work has already
assumed, my former plan of including an index to illustrations had
to be abandoned. I hope, however, to be able to publish this at some
future date.

It is my pleasant duty to thank, first of all, the Chief of the Bureau
of American Ethnology, Mr. Matthew W. Stirling, for allowing this paper
to be published in the series of annual reports, and for the uniformly
courteous treatment I have received from him.

Dr. Truman Michelson and Dr. John R. Swanton, both of the same bureau,
have very kindly given me the benefit of their wide experience, and
have offered me many valuable hints on how an index may be of the
utmost value to its user. I take this opportunity of expressing my
gratitude to them; but I wish it to be understood that they are in no
way responsible for any mistakes I may have made.

I also must not forget to express my genuine appreciation of the
excellent indexing work of Mrs. Frances S. Nichols, without which my
labor would have been considerably increased. For indexing the reports
of the last few years I have done very little except to classify
and rearrange the work of Mrs. Nichols, with slight additions and
alterations here and there in order to obtain uniformity for the whole
work.

I also wish to thank all the officials of the Bureau of American
Ethnology with whom I came in contact during my frequent visits to that
institution for their unfailing courtesy and willing cooperation.

  BIREN BONNERJEA.

WASHINGTON, D. C., _December 25, 1931._



INDEX REFERENCES


The references in the index are as follows:

    Vol. 2   Zuñi (pp. 3-45); Iroquois (pp. 47-116); Navaho (pp. 167-178).

    Vol. 3   Omaha (pp. 205-370); Navaho (pp. 371-391).

    Vol. 5   Cherokee (pp. 121-378); Navaho (pp. 379-467); Seminole (pp.
      469-531); Zuñi (from p. 533).

    Vol. 6   Maya (pp. 253-371); Osage (pp. 373-397); Central Eskimo
      (from p. 399).

    Vol. 7   Ojibwa (pp. 143-300); Cherokee (pp. 301-397).

    Vol. 8   Navaho (from p. 229).

    Vol. 9   Point Barrow Eskimo (to p. 441); Apache (from p. 443).

    Vol. 11  Sia (to p. 157); Eskimo of Ungava District (pp. 159-350);
      Siouan tribes (from p. 351).

    Vol. 13  Omaha (pp. 263-288); Zuñi (from p. 321).

    Vol. 14  Menomini (to p. 328).

    Vol. 15  Siouan tribes (pp. 153-244); Tusayan (pp. 245-313).

    Vol. 16  Peruvian (to p. 72); Maya (pp. 199-265); Tusayan (from p.
      267).

    Vol. 17  Seri (pp. 1-128, 129*-344*); Kiowa (pp. 129-445); Navaho
      (pp. 469-517).

    Vol. 18  Eskimo of Bering Strait (to p. 518).

    Vol. 19  Cherokee (to p. 548); Tusayan (pp. 573-653, 957-1011); Maya
      (pp. 693-819).

    Vol. 21  Hopi (to p. 126); Iroquois (from p. 127).

    Vol. 22, i    Maya (pp. 197-305).

    Vol. 22, ii   Pawnee.

    Vol. 23  Zuñi.

    Vol. 25  Porto Rican (to p. 320).

    Vol. 26  Pima (to p. 389); Tlingit (from p. 391).

    Vol. 27  Omaha.

    Vol. 28  Tewa Indians.

    Vol. 30  Zuñi (to p. 102); Guiana Indians (from p. 103).

    Vol. 31  Tsimshian.

    Vol. 32  Seneca Indian.

    Vol. 33  Hawaiian (from p. 285).

    Vol. 34  Antillean.

    Vol. 35  Kwakiutl.

    Vol. 36  Osage.

    Vol. 37  Winnebago.

    Vol. 38  Guiana Indian.

    Vol. 39  Osage.

    Vol. 40  Fox Indian.

    Vol. 42  Creek Indian (to p. 672).

    Vol. 43  Osage (to p. 164); Wawenock (pp. 165-197); Mohegan (pp.
      199-287); Picurís (pp. 289-447); Iroquois (from p. 449).

    Vol. 44  Chickasaw (pp. 169-273); Chippewa (pp. 275-397).

    Vol. 45  Salishan tribes (to p. 396); Thompson Indians (pp.
      397-522); Osage (from p. 523).

    Vol. 46  Alaska (to p. 374); Upper Missouri tribes (from p. 375).

    Vol. 47  Acoma (to p. 192); Isleta (pp. 193-466); Zuñi (from p.
      467).

    Acoma, 47;
    Alaska, 46;
    Antillean, 34;
    Apache, 9;
    Assiniboin, 46;
    Bering Strait, Eskimo of, 18;
    Central Eskimo, 6;
    Cherokee, 5, 7, 19;
    Chickasaw, 44;
    Chippewa, 44;
    Coeur d’Alêne, 45;
    Creek, 42;
    Eskimo, Central, 6;
    Eskimo of Bering Strait, 18;
    Eskimo of Point Barrow, 9;
    Eskimo of Ungava District, 11;
    Flathead, 45;
    Fox, 40;
    Guiana Indian, 30, 38;
    Hawaiian, 33;
    Hopi, 21;
    Iroquois, 2, 21, 43;
    Isleta, 47;
    Kiowa, 17;
    Kwakiutl, 35;
    Maya, 6, 16, 19, 22, i;
    Menomini, 14;
    Mohegan, 43;
    Navaho, 2, 3, 5, 8, 17;
    Ojibwa, 7;
    Okanagon, 45;
    Omaha, 3, 13, 27;
    Osage, 6, 36, 39, 43, 45;
    Pawnee, 22, ii;
    Peru, 16;
    Picurís, 43;
    Pima, 26;
    Point Barrow Eskimo, 9;
    Porto Rico, 25;
    Salishan tribes, 45;
    Seminole, 5;
    Seneca, 32;
    Seri, 17;
    Sia, 11;
    Siouan tribes, 11, 15;
    Tewa, 28;
    Thompson Indians, 45;
    Tlingit, 26;
    Tsimshian, 31;
    Tusayan, 15, 16, 19;
    Ungava District, Eskimo of, 11;
    Upper Missouri tribes, 46;
    Wawenock, 43;
    Winnebago, 37;
    Zuñi, 2, 5, 13, 23, 30, 47.



PART I

SUBJECT INDEX


And according ti tribal classification they are as follows:
    =A´ăkakimbawi´ut=, Caddo name of Ghost Dance =14=: 791.

    =Aaltû=
      fraternities, ceremonies celebrated by =21=: 23.
      religious society at Walpi, sources and census of =19=: 623, 627.
      _See also_ =Alosaka=.

    =A´-an Hi´tŭpăkĭ=, Pima village =26=: 24.

    =Aä´ninĕna=
      an Arapaho division =14=: 955.
      an Arapaho synonym =14=: 1013.

    =Äanóñte.= _See_ =Dohásän=.

    =Aanû´hawă=, an Arapaho division =14=: 956.

    =Ââpap Anton.= _See_ =Maricopa Antoine=.

    =Aape.= _See_ =Ape=.

    =Abacu=, a mnemonic device of Chinese and Greeks =10=: 226.

    =Abagh= day symbol discussed =16=: 229.

    =Abalone=
      blanket covered with =35=: 701, 777, 778.
      hat covered with =35=: 701, 777, 778.
      in Tlingit mythology =26=: 459.
      Tlingit and Haida names for =26=: 476.

    =Abalone Bow=, explanation of, tale of =31=: 284, 835.

    =Abalone Names= =35=: 1267, 1275.
      of the Awīk·!ēnoxᵘ, origin of =35=: 1261.
      of the GwaᵋsEla, origin of =35=: 1269.

    =Abalone Shell=, game called =47=: 241.

    =Abalone Shells= =35=: 685, 777, 1069, 1262, 1272.
      beads of =44=: 164 _sq._
      dishes of =44=: 146 _sq._
      fishhooks made of =44=: 139.
      gorgets of =44=: 139.
      ornaments of =28=: 143.
      pendants of =44=: 149, 150, 153.
      rim pendants of =44=: 148.
      ring-shaped ornaments of =44=: 154.
      used as nose ornament =31=: 53.

    =Abbe, _Prof._ Cleveland=, eclipse explained to the Indians by =4=:
      125.

    =Abbes, H.= =46=: 367.

    =Abbott, _Judge_ A. J.=, references to =29=: 410, 423.

    =Abbott, C. C.= =46=: 332, 333, 351.
      cited =12=: 680, 702, 705, 706.
      definition of gorgets by =13=: 117.
      described bird totems =2=: 284.
      designation of turtlebacks =13=: 136.
      Eskimo charms and amulets =13=: 115.
      jasper clubs =13=: 143.
      Kiowa ceremonial image =13=: 116.
      on abundance of stone axes =13=: 63.
      on capture of _taime_ =17=: 325.
      plummet found in mortar by =13=: 98.
      stone sinkers =13=: 97.
      turtleback finds of, discussed =15=: 30.
      use of bird-shape stones =13=: 98.
      use of perforated stones =13=: 98.

    =Abbott, ----=, on effect of Georgia anti-Cherokee laws =19=: 118.

    =Abbreviated Katcina=
      dances, description of =21=: 56.
      fraternities taking part in =21=: 23.
      of Tusayan =15=: 254, 292.
      _See also_ =Soyohim Katcinas=.

    =Abbreviations=
      in signs =1=: 338.
      key to =30=: 107, 113-116.

    =Abeita, Felipe=, a governor =47=: 254.

    =Abeita, Juan=, Isleta informant =47=: 201.

    =Abeita, Juan Trinida=, a governor =47=: 254.

    =Abeita, Pablo=
      a Federal judge =47=: 254.
      story concerning =47=: 207.

    =Abeita, Rufina=, mention of =47=: 258.

    =Abell, W. H.=, Kiowa agent in 1894 =17=: 226.

    =Abenaki Indians=
      retirement of, to Canada =43=: 175.
      territory occupied by =43=: 170.
      _See also_ =Abnakis=; =Abnaquies=.

    =Abenaki of Becancour=, a synonym of Wawenock =43=: 173.

    =Abenaki, St. Francis.= _See_ =St. Francis Abenaki=.

    =Abert, _Lieut._ J. W.=
      on Chibili =29=: 531.
      on Cochiti =29=: 439.
      on Poguate =29=: 539.
      on San Felipe =29=: 500.
      on Santo Domingo =29=: 449.

    =Abies Balsamea=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 299.
      use of =44=: 299.

    =Abies Grandis= =45=: 462, 482, 496, 509.

    =Abies sp.= =45=: 462, 484.

    =Abihka=
      a White town =42=: 254.
      ceremonial title of =42=: 307, 614.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 194.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 158, 159.
      connection of, with origin of Upper Creeks =42=: 40.
      early history of =42=: 50.
      legendary association of, with Coweta =42=: 53.
      mention of =42=: 36, 348.
      one of four leading towns =42=: 548.
      the gateway to the Creek country =42=: 307.

    =Abihka-in-the-West=
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 206, 208.
      clan council of =42=: 123.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 192.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 158 _sq._
      position of beds at =42=: 198.
      Upper Creek White town =42=: 123, 254.

    =Abihka=, near Eufaula.
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 206, 207.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 192.
      position of beds at =42=: 198.

    =Abihkutci=
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 212, 221.
      clan council of =42=: 124.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 192.
      position of beds at =42=: 198.
      Upper Creek White town =42=: 198.

    =Abingdon, Va.=
      early names for =42=: 759.
      trails near =42=: 750, 758, 759.

    =Abiquin (Abiquiu)=, treaty of =18=: 780.

    =Abiquiu=
      ancient cemetery of =1=: 111.
      New Mexico, petroglyphs near =10=: 97.
      New Mexico, pottery of =4=: 282.
      site of ancient Josoge =19=: 611.

    =Ablutions=
      of corpse =38=: § 857.
      of sick persons =38=: § 922.

    =Abnaki=
      devices =4=: 152, 153.
      games of the--
        racket =24=: 571.
        tossed ball =24=: 708.
      genesis of the =14=: 87.
      jugglery among the =14=: 145.
      pictography of the =14=: XXXII.
      region, extent of =20=: 167 _sq._
      totemic marks of the =14=: 65.
      ware of the =20=: 179 _sq._

    =Abnaki Dictionary=, manuscript of =29=: 23.

    =Abnaki=, French protection of =18=: 549.

    =Abnaki Indians=
      birch-bark pictographs of =10=: 201, 213 _sq._, 468 _sq._
      designation of Queen Victoria by =10=: 443.
      gods of, presiding over petroglyphs =10=: 32.
      intelligence communicated by =1=: 369.
      masks worn as insignia of authority by women of =10=: 425.
      notices of direction and time used by =10=: 334.
      observations on =22 i=: X.
      petroglyphs of =10=: 32.
      population =7=: 48.
      shell beads of =5=: XXXVI.
      study of pictographs of =10=: XII.
      wikhegan, or birch-bark letter of =10=: 330 _sq._

    =Abnaki Language=
      description of =28=: 283-287, 289, 290.
      examples in comparison with =28=:
        Cree 238, 239.
        Delaware 238, 290.
        Fox 238, 239.
        Micmac 238.
        Natick 290.
        Ojibwa 290.
        Passamaquoddy 239.
        Peoria 238, 239.
        Shawnee 238, 239.
        Stockbridge 238, 239.
      pronunciation of =28=: 228.
      relationship =28=: 289.

    =Abnaki Tribe=
      linguistic investigations among =28=: 225.
      reference to =28=: 290.

    =Abnaquies=
      tribes composing =43=: 170.
      _See also_ =Abnaki=; =Abnaki Indians=; etc.

    =Abore Indians=, identification of =30=: 119.

    =Aboriginal Centres= of migratory distribution =3=: 151.

    =Aboriginal Mines and Quarries= =24=: XI _sq._

    =Aboriginal Remains= =24=: XI.
      in Verde Valley =13=: 185-261.

    =Aborigines of West Indies=, memoir on, by J. W. Fewkes =37=: 7.

    =Abortion=
      among the Pima =26=: 186.
      description of =30=: 246; =38=: § 908.
      means used to produce =46=: 521.
      medicine used in =30=: 52.
      Menomini, produced by use of hair =14=: 286.

    =Abraded Stone Implements=, discussed =15=: 94.

    =Abrading=, implements produced by =15=: 27, 148.

    =Abrading Implements=, illustrated =15=: 104.

    =Abraham, ----=, murder of =19=: 65, 66.

    =Abram, Charles=
      death of =48=: 13.
      information furnished by =41=: 8.

    =Abram’s Falls, Va.=, mention of =42=: 751.

    =Absaroka=, a synonym for Crow (_q. v._).
      customs of =4=: 55, 166, 230.
      headdress of =10=: 753 _sq._
      investigation of the =14=: XXXIV.
      sign for medicine man of =10=: 466.
      reference to beliefs of =11=: 505.
      tribal designation of =10=: 380.
      tribal signs for =1=: 458.
      war color of =10=: 631.

    =Absaruke.= _See_ =Crow Indians=.

    =Abscess=, treatment of =38=: § 929.

    =Absentee Shawnee=, land cessions and reservations by =18=: 850,
      856, 902, 940.

    =Abstinence=, forms of =47=: 504 _sqq._

    =Abstract Ideas=
      expressed in signs =1=: 348.
      pictured =4=: 233.
      used pictorially =10=:
        after 585.
        age 585 _sq._
        bad 586.
        before 586.
        big 586 _sq._
        center 587.
        deaf 587.
        direction 588.
        disease 588 _sqq._
        fast 590.
        fear 590 _sq._
        freshet 591 _sq._
        good 592.
        high 592 _sq._
        lean 593 _sq._
        little 594 _sq._
        lone 595 _sq._
        many; much 596.
        obscure 597.
        opposition 597 _sq._
        possession 598.
        prisoner 598 _sqq._
        short 600.
        sight 600 _sq._
        slow 601.
        tall 601 _sq._
        trade 603.
        union 603 _sq._
        whirlwind 604 _sq._
        winter; cold; snow 605 _sq._

    =Acacia Greggii=, Pima food plant =26=: 76.

    =Academy of Sciences Museum= =46=: 235.

    =Acapulco=
      departure of Alarcon from =14=: 403.
      departure of Ulloa from =14=: 369.
      port on coast of New Spain =14=: 385.
      rendezvous for Alvarado’s fleet =14=: 409.

    =Acatl=
      day symbol discussed =16=: 245.
      meaning of =16=: 227.

    =Acaxee=, medicine tubes =13=: 127.

    =Acaxés Indians= of Culiacan =14=: 514.

    =Acaxers and Yaquis=, cairn burial =1=: 143.

    =Access= to cliff villages =16=: 144, 157, 158.

    =Accidents=, cause of =30=: 241.

    =Accomac=, mention of =42=: 694.

    =Accomacke Indians=, grants of land to =18=: 567.

    =Accompanying Paper= =24=: XXXIX _sq._
      characterization of =13=: XLIV; =14=: 1; =17=: LXIII-LXXIII.
      note on =28=: 21.
      noticed =9=: XLII-XLVI.

    =Accouchement=
      among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 904-906.
      among the Omahas =3=: 201.
      _See also_ =Pregnancy=.

    =Accounting=, pictographic methods of =10=: 259-264.

    =Accounts=
      method of keeping =46=: 420 _sq._
      of Bureau =24=: XXXV.

    =Acculturation= =3=: LXVI.
      between Isleta and Laguna =47=: 351.
      Catholic =47=: 203, 205 _sq._
      factors in =47=: 56.
      of the Indians =14=: XXXIV.
      study of =19=: XXI-XXV.

    =Acer=, use of =44=: 369.

    =Aceraceae= =33=: 100.

    =Acer Circinatum= =45=: 498.

    =Acer Glabrum= =45=: 475, 499, 500.

    =Acer Negundo= =33=: 61, 101.

    =Acer Saccharinum= =33=: 100.
      use of =44=: 286, 307, 377.
      _See also_ =Sugar Maples=.

    =Achagua Indians=, legend on creation =30=: 143, 145, 146.

    =Acha Pueblos= =14=: 519.

    =Achastians.= _See_ =Rumsen=.

    =Achastlians=, Lamanoon’s vocabulary of the =7=: 75.

    =Achese=, mention of town yard of =42=: 175.

    =Achia=, battle of =42=: 826.

    =Achievements=, signs of individual =4=: 183-187.

    =Achillea Millefolium= =33=: 134; =45=: 460.
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 299.
      medicinal use of =42=: 663.
      use of =44=: 286, 336, 364, 366.

    =Achomawi=
      games of the =24=:
        ball juggling 712.
        double ball 648, 661.
        football 698, 703.
        four-stick game 327, 332, 333.
        hand game 307.
        hoop and pole 494.
        shinny 633.
        stick games 257.

    =Achoma´wi=, a Pit river band =14=: 1052.

    =Achras Sapota= =38=: § 247.

    =Ackawoi=
      dance sticks of =25=: 195.
      _See also_ =Akawai=.

    =Acklin=, number of specimens from =34=: 50.

    =Ackerman, Thomas=, reference to =28=: 37.

    =Acknowledgments= =17=: XLIV, 20 _sq._, 147; =18=: XXIX; =19=: 12
      _sq._; =20=: 16 _sq._, 21 _sq._, 644; =23=: 19, 20; =24=: XVI,
      XVIII, XIX, 29 _sq._; =29=: 38; =31=: 32; =41=: 494; =42=: 31
      _sqq._, 745; =44=: 32 _sq._; =46=: 31.

    =Acne= among the Pima =26=: 268.

    =Acochis=, Indian name for gold =14=: 493, 512.

    =Acolapissa=
      mention of =42=: 686.
      tribe of Choctaw Confederacy =19=: 500.

    =Acoma=
      Alvarado’s description of =14=: 594.
      Castañeda’s description of =14=: 491.
      description of, by companions of Castañeda =14=: 569, 575.
      reputation of, in Sonora =14=: 357.
      Jaramillo’s name for =14=: 587.
      Snake dance at =16=: 305, 310.
      structural development of =16=: 155.
      Tigua name for =14=: 492.
      visit of Arellano to =14=: 494.
      visit of Spaniards to =14=: LVII, 390.
      worship of cross at =14=: 544.
      Zuñi name for =14=: 490.
      _See also_ =Acuco=; =Acus=.

    =Acoma _or_ Akokaibi=
      abandonment of =13=: 261.
      arrival of Asanyumu at =8=: 30.
      an example of naturally fortified pueblos =19=: 641 _sq._
      collections from =2=: 404.
      collection of J. Stevenson from =6=: XLIX.
      direction of kivas of =8=: 116.
      kivas in =13=: 257.
      kiva trapdoors at =8=: 207.
      language, a Keresan dialect =7=: 83.
      population =7=: 83.
      selection of site of =13=: 215.
      settlement of =19=: 589.
      work at =19=: XIII.

    =Acoma Indians=
      attitude of, toward whites =47=: 28.
      conservatism of =47=: 29.
      culture of, discussion of =47=: 140 _sq._
      fight of, with Spaniards =47=: 27.
      legal status of =47=: 59.
      name for =29=: 574.
      origin of =47=: 24.
      revolt of =47=: 28.
      visit of, to Washington =34=: 28.

    =Acoma Mesa=, description of =47=: 24.

    =Acoma Pottery= =4=: 300.

    =Acoma Pueblo=
      act of Congress affecting =18=: 920.
      ceremony at =47=: 1011.
      description of =47=: 23, 24, 29.
      position of, in southwest =47=: 141.
      pottery from =5=: XXV, XXXVI.
      references to =28=: 158, 159 _sq._

    =Acomita=, location of houses at =47=: 29.

    =Acoqua Indians=, belief as to God =30=: 117.

    =Acorn=, a Cherokee clan =42=: 118.

    =Acorn Indians=, classification term proposed =20=: XIV.

    =Acorns=
      as Pima food =26=: 78.
      method of cooking =44=: 320.
      representation of, in Florida pottery =20=: 124.
      use of, as food =14=: 517; =20=: XIV.

    =Acorn-shellers= of stone =13=: 88, 96.

    =Acorus Calamus= =33=: 69.
      human transportation of =33=: 69.
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 299.
      medicinal use of =27=: 584.
      use of =44=: 286, 340, 342, 344, 376.

    =Acosta, José de=
      cited on sacrifices of Indian corn =9=: 525.
      on Mexican sorcerers =14=: 138.

    =Acosta, J. J.=
      on Fray Iñigo =25=: 20.
      on stone collars =25=: 167, 169, 170 _sqq._

    =Acosta, Maria de=, wife of Pedro Castañeda =14=: 470.

    =Acquisition= of new materials modifies form in pottery =4=: 451.

    =Acrelius, Israel=, cited on Swedish purchases from Indians =18=:
      591.

    =Acropolis= of Sikyatki =17=: 638, 640, 643-646.

    =Actea Eburnea= =45=: 463, 512.

    =Actea Rubra=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 299.
      use of =44=: 286, 358.

    =Activital= similarities =3=: LXV.

    =Activities, American Indian=, progress of research in =17=:
      XXIX-XXXVIII.

    =Activities=
      classification of =20=: XXIX.
      classification of peoples by =18=: XXVI _sq._
      designed for expression =20=: CXLIII-CXLIV.
      discussion of =19=: LXIV _sq._
      of mankind =16=: XVI.
      tribal, definition of =22, i=: X.

    =Actopan River=, names of =25=: 235.

    =Actors=, modern, use of gestures by =1=: 294.

    =Acuan Illinoensis= =33=: 89.

    =Acuco=
      cartographic history of =14=: 403.
      location of =14=: 519, 524.
      name for Acoma =47=: 23.
      visit of Alvarado to =14=: 490.
      _See also_ =Acoma=; =Acus=.

    =Acucu=, Coronado’s comment on name of =14=: 560.

    =Acuique=, name for Cicuye =14=: 523.

    =Acuña, C.=
      cited =30=: 118, 139, 334, 365.
      on Amazons =30=: 364, 365.
      on carvings =30=: 140.
      on dwarfs, etc. =30=: 363.

    =Acus=
      Coronado’s account of =14=: 357.
      identified with Acoma =14=: 560.
      _See also_ =Acoma=; =Acuco=.

    =Adaba=, legend of =30=: 215 _sq._

    =Adai=, a Caddo division =14=: 1092.

    =Adai Indians=, mission among =42=: 829.

    =Adair, Andrew,= murder of =5=: 319.

    =Adaili=, legend of =30=: 212.

    =Adair, James=
      cited =12=: 619, 654, 665, 674, 675.
      describes shell tweezers =2=: 212.
      experiences of =42=: 819, 828.
      on Cherokee basketry =13=: 16.
      on Cherokee boundaries =5=: 141.
      on Cherokee dialects =19=: 16.
      on Cherokee intratribal friction =19=: 496.
      on Cherokee lack of conservatism =19=: 229.
      on Cherokee population =19=: 34.
      on Cherokee relations with Creeks =19=: 384.
      on Cherokee sacred ark =19=: 503.
      on Cherokee snake myths =19=: 457, 459 _sq._, 461.
      on Cherokee sufferings from smallpox =19=: 36.
      on Cherokee thunder myths =19=: 441.
      on Cherokee war of 1759-1761 =19=: 41.
      on Cherokee weaving =13=: 23.
      on Choctaw chungke stones =13=: 99.
      on Christian Priber’s work =19=: 37.
      on Creek myths =19=: 475.
      on decay of Cherokee rituals and traditions =19=: 20.
      on effects of Cherokee war (1760-1761) =19=: 45.
      on gatayûsttĭ game =19=: 434.
      on Herbert’s Spring =19=: 404.
      on hoop and pole =24=:
        Cherokee 487.
        Choctaw 485 _sq._
        Creeks 487.
      on horses and swine among Cherokee =19=: 82, 213.
      on implements of southern Indians =13=: 142 _sq._
      on Indian beliefs concerning birds =19=: 453 _sq._
      on Indian beliefs concerning food =19=: 472.
      on Indian beliefs concerning wolf =19=: 448.
      on Indian conduct during eclipse =19=: 441.
      on Indian custom of removing deer’s hamstring =19=: 447.
      on Indian marriage customs =19=: 482.
      on Iroquoian wars =19=: 357 _sq._, 491.
      on name Cherokee =19=: 16.
      on peace towns =19=: 207, 208.
      on racket (Choctaw) =24=: 598.
      on sacred breastplate =13=: 115.
      on sacred fire =19=: 503.
      on scarification (Cherokee) =24=: 580 _sq._
      on scratching ceremony =19=: 476.
      on Shawano wars =19=: 371.
      on spinning by southern Indians =20=: 33.
      on Taskigi among Creeks =19=: 389.
      on tlă´nuwă =19=: 466.
      on use of cane fish spears =19=: 142.
      on use of nut-cracking stones =19=: 91.
      on use of stone axes =19=: 63.
      on welcome ceremony =19=: 493.
      quoted on Choctaw villages =7=: 40.
      use made of narrative of =44=: 173.

    =Adair, John Lynch,= commissioner for Cherokee boundaries =5=: 365.

    =Adair, Washington,= murder of =5=: 319.

    =Adaizan and Caddoan Languages=, compared =7=: 46.

    =Adaizan family= =7=: 45 _sq._

    =Adaize=, a Caddo division =14=: 1092.

    =´dalbeáhya=, a Kiowa “medicine” =17=: 237, 238.

    =´dalhabä´-k`ia=, death of =17=: 277.

    =´dal-k´ato´igo=, a Sahaptin synonym =14=: 744.

    =´dalpepte=
      acknowledgments to =17=: 147.
      age of =17=: 164.
      destruction of property of =17=: 354.
      information furnished by =17=: 146.

    =´daltoñ-édal=, death of =17=: 313.

    =Âdalto´yiu=
      a Kiowa military order =17=: 230.
      a Kiowa warrior order =14=: 989.

    =Adam, _Chief_,= mention of =45=: 270.

    =Adam, Lucien=
      on ancient language of Cuba =25=: 218.
      on Antillean language =25=: 78.
      on the Taensa language =7=: 96.

    =Adamana, Ariz.=, ruined pueblo near =22, i=: 19, 136.

    =Adams, ----,= excavations at Epley’s ruins by =22, i=: 171.

    =Adams, ----,= on scientific synonym for wild rice =19=: 1021.

    =Adams, _Agent_,= at Anadarko Council =14=: 913.

    =Adams, _Captain_,= aid acknowledged =5=: 130.

    =Adams, Charles E.,= Kiowa agent in 1889 =17=: 226.

    =Adams, Charlie,= an informant =42=: 528.

    =Adams, J. D.,= mound on farm of, in Arkansas =12=: 241.

    =Adams, John Quincy=
      cited on Indian right to soil =18=: 536 _sq._
      on relations of Georgia and Cherokee =5=: 239.

    =Adams, William,= killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =Adams, William A.,= on rock carvings =4=: 22.

    =Adam’s Cave=, Graham mountains, visit to =22, i=: 188.

    =Adams County, Ohio=
      occurrence of earthenware spools in =20=: 44.
      serpent earthwork in =4=: 402.

    =Adamsville, Ariz.=, references to =28=: 34 _sq._, 112.

    =Adaptations=, cranial =46=: 359.

    =A`dáte=
      a Kiowa chief =17=: 164, 263.
      deposed as chief =17=: 259.

    =Adda=, beliefs concerning =30=: 171 _sq._, 229 _sq._

    =Adder=
      myths concerning =19=: 297, 436.
      spreading, a symbol of life =36=: 103.

    =Addis, ----,= on magical numbers =19=: 848, 849.

    =Addison, ----,= gestures of orators =1=: 294.

    =Adelphiarchy=, characters of =17=: 276*.

    =Adelphogamy=, traces of, among the Seri Indians =17=: 281*, 283*.

    =Adelung, J. C.,= cited =6=: 262.

    =Adjective, the,= in Indian languages =1=: 10.

    =“Adjedatig”= =1=: 197.

    =Adkins, John,= a Kiowa trader =17=: 313.

    =Adlet _or_ Ergigdlit= =6=: 640.

    =Adlet and Qadlunait=, origin of the =6=: 637.

    =Administrative Report= (at the beginning of each Annual Report)
      how submitted =15=: XX.

    =Admiral= of fleet =38=: § 741.

    =Admiralty Islands=, Indians on =26=: 412.

    =Adobe=
      absence of, in Verde ruins =13=: 187, 257.
      balls used in garden walls =8=: 146.
      blocks not aboriginal =16=: 108.
      bricks in Hawikuh church =8=: 81.
      construction in Pueblo region =16=: 163.
      construction of modern introduction =13=: 238.
      defined =13=: 309.
      description of =14=: 520, 562, 569.
      limit to use of =13=: 238.
      necessity for protecting against rain =8=: 156.
      making of, described =14=: 356.
      plastering in cavate houses =17=: 542.
      use in Tusayan =8=: 54, 78.
      use in Zuñi attributed to foreign influence =8=: 139.
      use modern in Zuñi =8=: 138.
      use of =29=: 80.
      use of, in Pueblo buildings =22, i=: 29, 176.
      used in Spanish churches =8=: 224.
      walls in Casa Blanca =16=: 108, 109, 111.
      walls of, in the southwest =23=: XXIX.
      walls on stone foundation at Moenkopi =8=: 78.
      _See also_ =Masonry=; =Plastering=.

    =Adobe Construction=
      description of =28=: 80.
      what constitutes =15=: 323.

    =Adobe Mortar=
      Cibola and Tusayan use compared =8=: 137.
      in Tâaaiyalana structures =8=: 90.

    =Adobe Walls=
      establishment of =17=: 199, 316.
      threatened attack on =17=: 202.

    =Ä´do-eétte=
      arrest of =17=: 188, 328.
      efforts for release of =17=: 190, 191.
      Kiowa councilman in 1888 =17=: 221.
      portrait of =17=: 192.
      release of =17=: 195.
      surrender of =17=: 206.

    =Adolescent Girl=
      segregated among the Tsimshian =31=: 450.
      _See also_ =Menstruation=; =Puberty=.

    =Adoption=
      among eastern tribes =19=: 493.
      among Seri Indians =17=: 277* _sqq._
      among the Zuñi =47=: 477 _sq._
      confusing effect of, on pottery records =20=: 19.
      customs =37=: 139; =40=: 321.
      customs of Omaha =27=: 603.
      customs of Osage =27=: 61 _sq._, 603.
      name used after =37=: 139.
      of aliens by the Dakota =15=: 214.
      of captives =36=: 67; =42=: 167; =45=: 552.
      of children among the Eskimo =18=: 290.
      of children among the Omahas =3=: 265, 281.
      referred to in tales =31=: 428.

    =Adoption Feast=
      beliefs concerning =40=: 361-364, 385.
      combined with gens festival =40=: 357.
      combined with Mide =40=: 357.
      combined with the wizard rite =40=: 357.
      customs of =40=: 357, 425 _sqq._, 429 _sqq._, 549.
      description of =40=: 385.
      notes on =40=: 483.
      result of omitting =40=: 411, 425, 435.

    =Adornment=
      by the Eskimos =9=: 138, 140-149.
      ceremony of =45=: 554.
      fondness for, of the Osage =43=: 95.
      for ball game =42=: 460, 463, 465.
      for dance at busk =42=: 600.
      personal =45=: 81 _sqq._, 236, 339 _sqq._
      personal, of the Eskimo =18=: 44-63.
      personal, of the Omaha =27=: 349-354.
      _See also_ =Dress=; =Decoration=.

    =Adrian, H.,= specimen presented by =40=: 20.

    =Adultery=
      among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 733.
      among the Omaha =3=: 364.
      attitude toward =47=: 479, 963.
      Eskimo manner of regarding =18=: 292.
      punishment of =40=: 343; =42=: 346-365, 697; =44=: 218 _sq._;
        =46=: 482.
      Wyandot law for =1=: 66.
      _See also_ =Chastity=; =Infidelity=.

    =Advancement of Tribes= =46=: 579 _sq._

    =Advances= on goods to be delivered =38=: § 820.

    =Adventition=, a source of form =4=: 445, 450.

    =Adventists=, account of the =14=: 944.

    =Adverbial= particles =1=: 13.

    =Adverbs= in Indian languages =1=: 10, 11, 13.

    =Advertising= as an element of commerce =20=: XLVIII; =38=: § 822.

    =Advisors=
      invisible =35=: 1123, 1127.
      supernatural =35=: 1131.

    =Advocate, Cherokee.= _See_ =Cherokee Advocate=.

    =Adzes=
      Eskimo =18=: 92.
      general description of Eskimo =9=: 165-172.
      grooved, described =13=: 70.
      ivory =46=: 135, 149.
      “jade” =46=: 88, 96.
      of bone of the Eskimo =9=: 168-172.
      of jade of the Eskimo =9=: 166 _sq._, 170.
      of steel or iron of the Eskimo =9=: 165 _sq._, 168, 171.
      stone =46=: 100, 134, 135, 173.

    =Adzes and Chisels=, stone =45=: 41.

    =Aeneas=, part taken by, in Indian war =45=: 368 _sq._

    =Aerial=
      burial in canoes among the Chinooks =1=: 171.
      sepulchre =1=: 152.

    =Aes=, a Caddo division =14=: 1092.

    =Aeschylus=, theatrical gestures =1=: 286.

    =Aesculus=, medicinal use of =42=: 658.

    =Affinities=
      in Omaha kinship =3=: 255.
      of fossil ivory culture =46=: 174, 175.

    =Affinities, Eskimo=
      Asiatic =46=: 214-227, 240, 250, 363, 365.
      with Indian =46=: 214, 240, 250, 259, 356 _sqq._, 361, 365.
      with Paleolithic man in Europe =46=: 357.

    =Affirmation=, sign for =1=: 286, 454.

    =Afognak= =46=: 184.

    =Afraid-of-him=, Biäñk´i’s vision of =14=: 910.

    =Africa=
      aroko or symbolic letters used in =10=: 371-374.
      cowries of =10=: 374 _sq._
      message of complaint for debt used in =10=: 374 _sq._
      message of peace used in =10=: 361.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 178-185.
      property marks in =10=: 442.
      mourning ceremony in =10=: 630.
      scarification in =10=: 417.
      tattooing in =10=: 415 _sq._
      water colors in =10=: 633.

    =African=
      archery posture =17=: 201*, 202*.
      carved knife =4=: 243.
      physiognomy, suggestion of, in death’s-head vases =20=: 97.
      property mark =4=: 182.

    =Africans=, brought as slaves to Porto Rico =25=: 23.

    =After=, pictographs for =10=: 585.

    =Afterbirth=
      belief concerning =40=: 357.
      belief regarding =35=: 606.
      of twins =35=: 678, 686.
      of twins used for cauterizing =35=: 694.
      treatment of =35=: 653 _sqq._

    =A`gabaí=, death of =17=: 340.

    =A´gahamoⁿthiⁿ=, story of =27=: 980.

    =Aga´ih-tĭka´ra.= _See_ =Fish-eaters=.

    =´ganstâ´ta.= _See_ =Morgan, Washington=; =Oconostota=.

    =Âgăn-uni´tsĭ=, myth concerning =19=: 298 _sqq._, 461.

    =Agaricaceae= =33=: 61.

    =Agaricus= =45=: 483.

    =Agastache Anethodora= =33=: 113.
      use of =44=: 286, 340, 352, 376.

    =Agate=
      avoidance of =30=: 238.
      formation of =44=: 507.

    =Agave=
      fiber, Seri Indian use of, in making rope =17=: 228* _sqq._
      fiber, use of =28=: 448.
      fiber, use of, for garments =14=: 517.
      fiber used in Tusayan =17=: 629, 630.
      liquor made from =14=: 516.
      Papago article of trade =26=: 93.
      preparation by Pima =26=: 68.
      wild, seeds used as fish poison =38=: § 209.

    =Agave Americana Linn.= _See_ =Mescal=.

    =Agave Heteracantha= =26=: 142.

    =Agave Lechegua= =26=: 116.

    =Age=
      among Eskimo =46=: 213-227.
      importance of, among savages =22, i=: XXV _sq._
      of Casa Grande =13=: 299, 318.
      of Casa Grande, references to =28=: 33, 105.
      of cavate lodges =13=: 225.
      of mounds inferred from terrace on which they stand =12=: 625.
      of ruin determined by plastering =16=: 121.
      of trephined crania =16=: 13, 20, 72.
      of Verde ruins =13=: 209, 257.
      Omaha life in old =3=: 274.
      pictograph for =10=: 585 _sq._
      _See also_ =Chronology=.

    =Age and Relationship Terms= =33=: 622, 623, 628.

    =Age of Pottery=
      in Mississippi valley =4=: 371.
      Pueblo ceramic art =4=: 267.

    =Age of Trees= =12=: 628.
      growing in old Fort Chartres, Illinois =12=: 629.
      usual test unsatisfactory =12=: 630.

    =Aged People=
      among Pima Indians, treatment of =26=: 192 _sq._
      neglect of =38=: §917.
      treatment of =46=: 422, 443 _sq._, 576 _sq._
      _See also_ =Old People=.

    =Agency=, description of Omaha =27=: 629 _sq._

    =Agents=
      for Pima =26=: 33.
      knowledge of, concerning Indians =14=: 767.
      inconsiderateness of =14=: 837.
      placed under military orders =14=: 850.
      policy concerning =14=: 828.
      replacement of =14=: 845, 887.
      Sioux, Ghost-dance beyond the control of =14=: 850.
      Sioux, irresponsibility =14=: 833.

    =Agglutination in Language= =1=: 4.

    =Aggomiut Eskimo Tribe=, situation and subdivisions =6=: 442 _sqq._

    =Aghual=, day symbol discussed =16=: 262.

    =Agiak= =46=: 194.

    =Agiukchugumut=
      carriage from =18=: 196.
      implements and utensils from =18=: 74, 83, 105, 141, 195.
      ornaments from =18=: 58, 60, 62.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 227.

    =Agiukchuk= =46=: 193.

    =Aglemute _or_ Oglemute=, crania =46=: 235.

    =Aglio, Agustina=, facsimile of Dresden codex by =6=: 263-266.

    =Agnes, The= =46=: 68, 71, 73, 75.

    =Agoseris Villosa= =45=: 493.

    =Agosia=, fish of Colorado basin =26=: 83.

    =Agricultural Implements.= _See_ =Implements=.

    =Agriculture= =37=: 115 _sqq._; =42=: 691 _sq._
      aboriginal =23=: XVI.
      among the Navaho =16=: 87; =17=: 503.
      among the Omahas =3=: 302.
      among the Missouri Indians =46=: 463 _sq._
      ancient, in Verde Valley =13=: 247.
      Antillean =25=: 50-53.
      at Acoma =47=: 32 _sq._
      at Isleta =47=: 211.
      at Zuñi =47=: 474 _sqq._
      claim to land based on =46=: 477.
      effect of, on ceremonials =15=: 255.
      effect of, on Indian population =7=: 38.
      extent of practice, by Indian tribes =7=: 42.
      general account of =27=: 95, 269, 275, 339, 635.
      Government influence, on =47=: 57.
      implements =26=: 88, 97 _sqq._
      influence of, in Pueblo architecture =19=: 640, 642 _sq._
      in savagery =15=: CXVI.
      machines used in =47=: 33.
      magic aid for =26=: 258 _sq._
      methods:
        division of labor =26=: 89.
        irrigation =26=: 29, 86-89.
      need of =46=: 543.
      not practiced by the Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 88.
      of the Caddo =14=: 1094.
      of the Indians =12=: 615-620.
      of the Plains tribes =46=: 407.
      of the Siouan Indians =15=: 170.
      region to which limited =7=: 41.
      researches concerning =17=: LI.
      Siouan Indians affected by =15=: 185.
      social side of =42=: 443 _sq._
      southeastern culture built on =42=: 2.
      white influence on =27=: 614, 626.
      _See also_ names of chief agricultural products.

    =Agriculture and Horticulture=, of the Zuñi =23=: 350, 354.

    =Agricultural College=, Fairbanks collections =46=: 38.

    =Agricultural Epoch=
      in the West Indies =34=: 56, 57 _sq._
      _See also_ =Tainan Culture=.

    =Agropyron Tenerum= =45=: 515.

    =Agua Caliente Reserve=
      change in =18=: 886.
      establishment of =18=: 884.

    =Agua Fria Valley=, ruins in =28=: 215 _sq._, 218.

    =Aguacateca=
      method of forming numerals above ten =19=: 905.
      number, names of =19=: 862.

    =Aguaiauale=, seaport of Culiacan =14=: 385.

    =Aguardiente=, Pima beverage =26=: 62.

    =Aguas Buenas=, specimen from =34=: 217.

    =Aguas Calientes=
      examination of caves near =19=: XVII.
      pueblo of =14=: 525.

    =Aguato, Aguatobi, Aguatuvi, Aguatuya, Aguatuybi, Aguitobi, Ahauato,
      Ahautobi, Ahautu, Ahuatuyba, Ah-wat-tenna=, Awatobi synonyms =17=:
      594.

    =Aguebana=, a Haitian cacique =25=: 38.

    =Aguebana the First=, a Porto Rican cacique =25=: 32, 33, 35 _sq._

    =Aguebana the Second=, a Porto Rican cacique =25=: 32, 36 _sq._,
      146.

    =Agueynaba.= _See_ =Aguebana=.

    =Aguilar, Ignacio=, references to =29=: 263, 314.

    =Aguilar, Juan de=, Mendoza’s agent in Spain =14=: 368.

    =Âgûnăpai´äk=, an Eskimo leader, history of =18=: 305 _sq._

    =Agutit Eskimo Tribe=, situation of =6=: 450, 451.

    =Ah=, day symbol, discussed =16=: 245.

    =Ahacus=, identified with Hawikuh =14=: 358.

    =Ahaiyuta.= _See_ =Zuñi=, _mythology of the_.

    =Aha´känĕ´na=, an Arapaho warrior order =14=: 988.

    =Ahau=
      in Mayan chronology, value of =22, i=: 204, 234.
      symbols for, discussion of =22, i=: 222 _sq._, 265.
      symbols for, figures showing =22, i=: 267.

    =Ahau and Lamat Symbols=
      compared =16=: 235.
      day symbol discussed =16=: 262.

    =Ahau Symbol=
      discovery concerning, by Goodman =19=: 702.
      Goodman on =19=: 717.
      working table of =19=: 819.

    =Ahbuluc-Balam=, a Maya deity =16=: 244.

    =Ahl Game=, Kiowa =24=: 124-127.

    =Ahmak=, day symbol, discussed =16=: 252.

    =Ahote=
      appearance of, in Palülükoñti =21=: 52.
      appearance of, in Powamû festival =21=: 36.
      description of =21=: 99.

    =Ahst=
      description of =17=: 234* _sq._
      specimens of =17=: 235*-238*.

    =Aht=, division of Wakashan family =7=: 129, 130.

    =Ah-te-es-ta.= _See_ =Ätéstisti=.

    =Ahtena=
      population =7=: 55.
      tribe of Copper Indians =7=: 53.

    =Ahuba.= _See_ =Fish-mamma=.

    =Ahuitzotzin=, Mexican emperor, pictograph for =10=: 134 _sq._

    =Ahül=
      advent of, in Powamû festival =21=: 33 _sqq._
      common derivation of Ahülani and =21=: 122.
      description of, in representations of Hopi katcinas =21=: 67.
      identity of, with Tawa wügtaka =21=: 28, 122.
      identity of, with Wüyüyomo =21=: 28.
      participation in Powamû festival by =21=: 67.
      regular appearance of =21=: 17.
      relation of, to the katcina clan =21=: 65.
      resemblance of, to Pautiwa =21=: 59.
      similarity of acts of, to those of Pautiwa =21=: 26.

    =Ahülani=
      appearance of, in Soyaluña =21=: 24.
      common derivation of Ahül and =21=: 122.
      connection of, with sun worship =21=: 122.
      description of =21=: 121, 122.
      personation of sun-god by =21=: 24.
      Soyal katcina, derivation of =21=: 124.
      substitution of, by Ahül =21=: 122.

    =Ahül Katcina=, substitution of, for Ahülani =21=: 122.

    =Ahül Mask=, resemblance of, to that of Wüwüyomo =21=: 65.

    =Ahülti=, derivation of Ahül and Ahülani from =21=: 122.

    =A Hunter’s Adventure=, Iroquois tale =2=: 88.

    =Aiai= =33=: 303, 640.

    =Aiâmita=, genealogy of =14=: 56.

    =Aigaluxamut= dialect =4=: 148, 198, 199.

    =Aikoka.= _See_ =Acoma= =8=: 30.

    =Aiktalik= =46=: 186.

    =Ainsworth’s Ranch=
      reference to =28=: 210.
      ruins on =28=: 211.

    =Ainos=
      inscriptions probably made by the =10=: 185 _sq._
      of Yazo (Yezo?) tattoo =4=: 78.
      tattooing among =10=: 412 _sq._

    =Ainu=
      method of forming number above ten =19=: 913.
      use of vigesimal system by the =19=: 925.

    =Air=
      beliefs respecting =11=: 522.
      walking on =32=: 340.

    =Ais=
      language of =42=: 678.
      reference to dress of =42=: 681.

    =Aitken, Robert,= article by =34=: 171.

    =Aitken, Mrs. Robert.= _See_ =Freire-Marreco, Miss Barbara=.

    =Aivilik=, Eskimo =46=: 230.

    =Aivillirmiut Eskimo Tribe=, situation of =6=: 440 _sqq._

    =Aiwahokwi=, identity of =21=: 26.

    =Aiwakokwe Clan=, same as Asa clan =19=: 610.

    =Aiyáhokwi=, the descendants of the Asa at Zuñi =8=: 30.

    =Aiyal=
      correction concerning =14=: 1111.
      _See also_ =Yowaluch, Louis=.

    =Aiyan, _Ai-yan_.=
      hand game of the =24=: 272.
      population =7=: 55.

    =Aiyāpā`tä`ᵃ`.=
      a nephew of mortals =40=: 364, 365, 366.
      brother of the culture hero =40=: 376.
      legend concerning =40=: 364-369.
      names for, in various tribes =40=: 376.
      the god of the dead =40=: 359.
      _See also_ =Īyāpā`tä`ᴬ`=.

    =Ak=, phonetic value of =16=: 223.

    =Akab=, definition of =16=: 261.

    =Akal’man=, number names of =19=: 874.

    =Aka´nilni=, the supernatural couriers =5=: 411-414, 415, 417, 424,
      426, 466.

    =Akansa=, or Quapaw tribe =7=: 113.
      _See also_ =Arkansas=.

    =Akawai Indians=
      amativeness, expressions of =30=: 163 _sq._
      binas =30=: 284, 285.
      burial customs =30=: 154 _sq._, 156, 158.
      hunting customs =30=: 294.
      legends of, on creation =30=: 142, 145, 199, 262.
      natal customs =30=: 319, 320.
      ordeals of =30=: 278, 281, 339.
      revenge =30=: 354 _sq._, 358, 360, 361.

    =Akawoio=. _See_ =Akawai=.

    =Akbal= symbol in Maya calendar =16=: 221.

    =Ak´chĭkchû´gûk=, Eskimo legend of =18=: 499-504.

    =Akerman, Benjamin,= mound on farm of, in Georgia =12=: 312.

    =Akhiok= =46=: 186.

    =Akiak= =46=: 192.

    =Ākita Dance=
      a woman’s dance =42=: 528.
      description of =42=: 528.
      mention of =42=: 524.

    =Akitan= =46=: 123.

    =Akkeewaysee=, Ojibwa treaty signer =14=: 28.

    =Áko=, native name for Acoma =14=: 575.

    =Akokaiobi _or_ Acoma.=
      home of Asa clan =19=: 610.
      settlement of =19=: 589.

    =Akokisa=, status of the =14=: 1093.

    =Akoklako=, or Lower Kutenai =7=: 85.

    =Akol.= _See_ =Red People=.

    =Akómë=, native name for the people of Acoma =14=: 575.

    =Aktayatci Clan=, story concerning =42=: 109.

    =Äkwinemi=
      genealogy of =14=: 46, 48.
      mythic origin of name =14=: 218.

    =Akuliarmiut Eskimo Tribe=, situation of =6=: 421.

    =Akutchin=, ancient Pima settlement =28=: 36.

    =Akûtcĭny=, Pima village =26=: 20, 22.

    =Ala Clan=
      mythic origin of =19=: 590 _sq._
      relations of, with Tcüa =19=: 588 _sq._

    =Ala Group=
      Ala clans of =19=: 583.
      Leñya clans of =19=: 583.

    =Ala-Leñya (Horn Flute) Clan=
      advent of, at Walpi =19=: 585 _sq._, 590-594.
      ceremony of advent of, at Walpi =19=: 591 _sq._

    =Ala Societies=, probable origin of =19=: 626.

    =Alabama=
      alleged error in survey of Cherokee boundary =5=: 211.
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 225, 263, 264.
      Barbour County, ancient remains in =12=: 289.
      Blount County, burial cave in =12=: 286.
      celts from =13=: 74, 75, 77, 80, 82.
      chipped flints from =13=: 144-149.
      chisels from =13=: 84.
      Clarke County, Fort Mauvilla, supposed site of =12=: 289.
      collection from =30=: 22.
      Coosa River mound and house, remains near =12=: 287.
      discoidal stones from =13=: 103, 105, 109.
      distribution of stone art in =13=: 60.
      Elmore County, antiquities of =12=: 286 _sqq._
      explorations in =5=: XXII; =11=: XXIX; =12=: 283-292.
      fabric-impressed pottery from =13=: 39.
      flakes from =13=: 174.
      house at, for ceremonial objects =42=: 186.
      in Texas, union of, with Cherokee =19=: 143.
      Iroquoian ware said to have been found in =20=: 105, 171.
      Jefferson County, mounds in =12=: 290, 291.
      Lauderdale County, antiquities of =12=: 283 _sqq._
      Marshall County, shell heap in =12=: 285.
      Montgomery County, mounds in =12=: 289.
      mortars from, described =13=: 97.
      mullers from =13=: 93.
      notched axe-form objects from =13=: 71.
      occurrence of stamped ware in =20=: 122.
      paint-stones from =13=: 115.
      plan of ceremonial ground of =42=: 225, 265.
      pipes of =20=: 99.
      population of =42=: 150.
      portion of beds at =42=: 198.
      pottery from =4=: 395, 396, 431, 434; =20=: 37, 38, 39, 105-108.
      production of gold in =19=: 220, 221.
      removal forts in =19=: 221.
      sketch of bed in square ground of =42=: 186 _sq._
      spades from =13=: 135.
      stemless perforators from =13=: 165, 166.
      stemless scrapers from =13=: 170.
      stemmed flints from =13=: 151-159, 161 _sqq._
      stemmed perforators from =13=: 167, 168.
      Sumter County, Cedar Hummock group =12=: 286.
      Talladega County, site of Creek settlement in =12=: 290.
      town emblem of =42=: 244.
      Upper Creek Red town =42=: 125, 255.

    =Alabama Anthropological Society=, sites investigated by =48=: 3.

    =Alabama Indian=
      belief of, in future life =42=: 513.
      belief of, in supreme deity =42=: 482.
      burial customs of =42=: 397, 398.
      ceremony of the =42=: 544 _sq._, 601 _sq._
      clan affiliations of =42=: 149-153.
      clan councils of =42=: 125.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 193, 194.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 159 _sq._
      creation, beliefs of =42=: 487.
      customs of =42=: 700.
      dances of, description of =42=: 524-534.
      election of chiefs of =42=: 285.
      facial painting of =42=: 524 _sq._, 686.
      ghost story of =42=: 511 _sq._
      greetings of =42=: 450.
      habitations of =42=: 173 _sq._
      hair dressing of =42=: 684.
      Horned Snake known to =42=: 494.
      hunting beliefs of =42=: 445.
      hunting customs of =42=: 444 _sq._
      informants among =42=: 32.
      list of dances of =42=: 524.
      marriage customs of =42=: 370, 375.
      medicines of =42=: 663-666.
      mention of =42=: 36.
      migration across the Mississippi =19=: 99.
      mourning customs of =42=: 379.
      name of, for deity =42=: 482.
      of Muskhogean stock =42=: 482.
      origin myth of =42=: 52.
      part of, join the Choctaw =42=: 45.
      part of, repair to Mobile =42=: 45.
      personal names of =42=: 100.
      punishment among, for adultery =42=: 348.
      relations of, with Hilibi =42=: 568.
      Sabīa known to =42=: 498.
      tales by, of supernatural beings =42=: 498.
      terms of, for months =42=: 402.
      town emblem of =42=: 244.
      tribe of Creek confederacy =19=: 498 _sq._
      union of, with Muskhogee =42=: 45, 48.
      use of cassine by =42=: 542.
      war customs =42=: 425.
      war names abandoned by =42=: 100.
      wars of, with the Choctaw =42=: 425 _sq._
      wars of, with the Muskhogee =42=: 42 _sqq._
      witchcraft among =42=: 634.

    =Alabama Land Cessions and Reservations= =18=: 676.

    =Alabama River=, pottery of =20=: 107 _sq._

    =Alabaster=, reference to =29=: 579.

    =Alachua=, trail near =42=: 829.

    =Alagüilac=, number names of =19=: 867, 928.

    =Ä´läho=
      attempt to identify =17=: 300.
      Kiowa hostility to =17=: 300.

    =Alakanuk= 46: 199.

    =Alamito=, work at =17=: XLI.

    =Alanant-o-wamiowee=, an ancient trail =42=: 788.

    =Alarcon, D. de,= confusion of, with Alcaraz =14=: 501.

    =Alarcon, Hernando de=
      Colorado River discovered by =14=: 403, 574.
      Coronado’s fears for =14=: 555.
      expedition by sea, under =14=: 385, 478.
      exploration by =19=: 53.
      Estevan’s death reported to =14=: 360.
      message of, found by Diaz =14=: 407, 486.
      quoted on Indian customs =9=: 491, 494, 511.
      quoted on Indian sacred cords =9=: 555.
      route of =28=: 186, 208.

    =Alaric’s Burial= =1=: 181.

    =Alarm=, signs for =1=: 529, 538.

    =Alaska=
      archæology of =46=: 33, 148, 149, 165.
      carved poles in =26=: 411.
      cave burial in =1=: 129.
      cession of, to United States =46=: 127.
      Eskimo of =46=: 227.
      explorations by E. W. Nelson =18=: 19 _sqq._
      field work in =20=: IX, XI; =21=: IX, XII; =22, i=: XIV; =23=: IX.
      home of Tlingit Indians =26=: 396.
      inland, Eskimo of =46=: 361.
      investigations in =41=: 49, 63.
      officials of, aid by =46=: 31.
      origin of Eskimo in =46=: 330, 340-347, 356.
      peopling of =46=: 81.
      reports on explorations in =46=: 128.
      route for migrations from Asia =46=: 29.

    =Alaska Commercial Company=, of San Francisco
      acknowledgments to =18=: 19 _sqq._
      ivory pictographs =4=: 191-194.
      labrets collected by =3=: 87-92.
      labrets and masks collected by =3=: 106, 202 _passim_.
      masks collected by =3=: 24.
      tattooing =4=: 66-73.

    =Alaska Peninsula=
      crania =46=: 235.
      old sites =46=: 184, 186, 187, 188.

    =Alaska, Southwestern=
      crania =46=: 257, 259, 262, 263, 265.
      facial =46=: 266.
      nose =46=: 268, 270.

    =Alaska, Western=
      anthropology of =46=: 181.
      archæology of =46=: 181.
      Coast Pilots =46=: 179.
      crania, coast =46=: 364.
      early maps of =46=: 176 _sqq._
      geographic dictionary of =46=: 178, 181.

    =Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition=
      mention of =30=: 14, 16, 20.
      reference to =28=: 101.

    =Alaskan-Arctic= geographic district, features of =18=: 23 _sq._

    =Alaskan Indians=
      biographic records of =10=: 581 _sq._
      dialogue between =1=: 492.
      grave posts of =10=: 520 _sq._
      illustration of ornamentation by =6=: 199.
      mummies of =1=: 134, 135.
      mythic drawings on ivory by =10=: 476 _sq._
      notices of condition by =10=: 350-353.
      notices of direction by =10=: 333 _sq._
      notices of hunt by =10=: 332 _sq._
      petroglyphs of =10=: 47.
      pictographic records of customs of =10=: 541 _sq._
      pictographs of =4=: 59, 147-150, 152-155, 161, 191-194, 197
        _sqq._, 214.
      shamanism of =10=: 497-500.
      shaman’s lodge of =10=: 507 _sq._
      signal of discovery by =10=: 645.
      tattooing of =10=: 402-405.
      votive offerings to the dead by =10=: 519.

    =Alba Marginata=, Pima medicinal plant =26=: 80.

    =Albaicin=, similarity of, with Hawikuh =14=: 564.

    =Albamos.= _See_ =Alabama=.

    =Albany, Ill.=, pottery from =4=: 430; =20=: 192.

    =Albany=, treaty of =18=: 658.

    =Albemarle=
      settlement at =18=: 624.
      _See also_ =Pamlico-Albemarle=.

    =Albinism=, at Isleta =47=: 245.

    =Albinos=
      among the Pima Indians =26=: 185.
      not medicine men among the Apache =9=: 460.

    =Albion County, Nebraska=, reference to =27=: 99.

    =Albizu, Tomas de=, Zuñi attacked by =13=: 328.

    =Albuquerque=, influence of, on Isleta =47=: 207 _sq._

    =Alcaraz, Diego de=
      attack on Seri (?) by =17=: 54 _sq._
      death of =14=: 533.
      incompetence of =14=: 502.
      lieutenant of Diaz =14=: 485, 501.

    =Alcedo, Antonio de=
      on Acoma =29=: 543, 545.
      on Galisteo =29=: 482.
      on Pojoaque =29=: 334.
      on Quivira =29=: 566.
      on San Cristóbal =29=: 486.
      on Santa Ana =29=: 521.
      on Taos =29=: 182.
      on Tesuque =29=: 387.

    =Alchemy=, stepping-stone to science =19=: 825 _sq._

    =Alcoholism= =46=: 42, 51, 133, 362.

    =Al-chuch-haab=, the calendar wheel of =3=: 53, 60.

    =Alden, E. H.,= on scaffold burial =1=: 161.

    =Alder=
      bark, Eskimo paint made from =18=: 198.
      bark used for dyeing =30=: 80.
      leaves =35=: 589.
      tree =35=: 57.
      use of =44=: 286, 369.
      wood, as fuel for drying berries =35=: 273.
      _See also_ =Alnus Incana=.

    =Alder, Red=
      use of =45=: 501.
      used in basketry =41=: 145.

    =Alder, Speckled,= medicinal use of =43=: 265.

    =Alder, White,= use of =45=: 503.

    =Alectoria Jubata= =45=: 482.

    =Alegre, Francisco Javier=
      cited on Indian remedies =9=: 472.
      cited on ceremonial scratching among the Indians =9=: 492.
      on Escalante’s expedition =17=: 61.
      on Jemez =29=: 402.
      on naming Pima children =26=: 188.
      on the plague (cholera) =26=: 43.
      on Parilla’s “extermination” =17=: 73 _sq._
      on Seri habitat and tribal divisions =17=: 78.
      on Seri navigation =17=: 61.

    =Alejandre, Marcelo=, on Huastecan numeral system =19=: 894.

    =Aleman, Juan=, inhabitant of Mexico =14=: 495.

    =Alencaster, Joaquin del Real=
      on Cochiti =29=: 439.
      on Gyusiwa =29=: 394.
      on Isleta =29=: 529, 530.
      on Laguna =29=: 541.
      on Pecos =29=: 476, 477.
      on Picuris =29=: 193.
      on Sandia =29=: 526, 527.
      on Sia =29=: 518, 519.

    =Aleut Bay, B. C.=
      Indians of =46=: 32.
      physical type of =46=: 33.

    =Aleutian Islands= =46=: 177, 238, 361.
      embalmment in =1=: 135, 136.
      kayaks used on =18=: 220.
      work in =46=: 32.

    =Aleutian Islanders=
      belong to Eskimauan family =7=: 73.
      population of =7=: 75.

    =Aleuts=
      burial among =3=: 139.
      crania of =46=: 122, 364.
      different from Eskimo =46=: 238.
      extension of =46=: 184.
      masks of, described =3=: 137-142.
      slaves under the Russians =3=: 137.
      use of labrets among =3=: 87-92.

    =Alexander, James=
      acknowledgments to =11=: 369, 423.
      cited on symbolic colors =11=: 533.
      on Winnebago gentes =15=: 241.

    =Alexander, J. B.=, agent for Pima =26=: 34.

    =Alexander, J. B.=
      mound on land of, North Carolina =12=: 349.
      mounds on farm of =5=: 74.

    =Alexander, J. E.=
      cited =30=: 239.
      legend of Hariwali and the wonderful tree =30=: 120.

    =Alexander, J. S.,= mound on farm of =44=: 452.

    =Alexander, N. L.,= mention of =42=: 333.

    =Alexander County, Ill.=, occurrence of salt-making vessels in
      =20=: 28.

    =Alexander Mound=
      collection from =42=: 19.
      mention of =44=: 452 _sq._
      pipes from =42=: 19.

    =Alexandria, La.=, burial mounds in vicinity of =44=: 409.

    =Alexandria County (Va.)=, steatite quarries in =15=: 131.

    =Alexeres=, uncertain meaning of =14=: 507.

    =Alfaro, Anastasio=, gold ornaments from Costa Rica donated by
      =10=: XXII.

    =Algeria=, petroglyphs in, at Tyout and Moghar =10=: 178 _sq._

    =Algonkian=
      culture area, features of =42=: 713.
      linguistic stock =42=: 19.
      tribes, habitat of =42=: 713.

    =Algonkian Tribes= of Virginia and Carolina
      cultural features of =42=: 713 _sq._
      customs of =42=: 694, 696, 698, 702, 709.
      descent among =42=: 696.
      _See also_ =Carolina=; =Virginia=.

    =Algonkin=
      family =4=: 118.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 49.
        hand game 273.
        stick games 229.
      habitat in 1634 =14=: 15.
      petroglyph =4=: 20, 224 _sq._, 227.
      tribe =4=: 108.

    =Algonkin Language=
      conjunctive mode =28=: 272.
      description of =28=: 261 _sq._, 264-269.
      examples in comparison with =28=:
        Cheyenne 233.
        Cree 243 _sqq._, 250 _sqq._, 259, 260, 261, 262, 272.
        Cree-Montagnais 259.
        Delaware 243, 244, 261.
        Fox 244, 245, 252, 259, 260, 261, 262, 273.
        Kickapoo 259.
        Menomini 243, 244, 245, 250, 251, 259, 261, 262, 271.
        Micmac 272.
        Montagnais 272.
        Natick 233, 243, 244, 250, 251, 271, 273.
        Ojibwa 243, 244, 245, 250, 251, 252, 261, 262, 271, 272, 273.
        Ottawa 233, 245, 250, 251, 252, 259, 260, 261, 262, 271, 272,
          273.
        Passamaquoddy 243, 273.
        Peoria 233, 245, 250, 251, 252, 260, 261, 262, 271, 272, 273.
        Potawatomi 259, 262, 271.
        Sauk 259.
        Shawnee 243, 244, 245, 251, 252, 256, 259, 261, 262, 271, 272,
          273.
      indicative mode =28=: 273.
      pronunciation of =28=: 226 _sqq._
      relationship =28=: 238, 244, 289, 289_a_.
      subjunctive mode =28=: 260.

    =Algonquian=
      bibliography =10=: XX _sq._
      burial fires of =1=: 198.
      characters =4=: 250.
      creation myths, work on =20=: XXI.
      god of Winter =32=: 61.
      influence of, on western migration of Siouan stock =19=: 1043.
      legends of New England =4=: 190.
      myth =1=: 27.
      region, occurrence of Iroquoian pottery in =20=: 168.
      types of art =15=: 16.

    =Algonquian Dialects=
      of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton =21=: XI, XXIV.
      work on =20=: XI, XX _sq._

    =Algonquian Family= =7=: 47-51.
      habitat of certain western tribes of =7=: 113.
      list of tribes of =7=: 48.
      population of =7=: 48.

    =Algonquian Indians=
      colors of war and peace of =10=: 631.
      declaration of war by =10=: 358.
      emblems of =10=: 377.
      field work among =22, i=: XII.
      grave posts of =10=: 517 _sq._
      hair dressing of =10=: 755.
      insignia of military rank of =10=: 258.
      invitation sticks of =10=: 364 _sq._
      military drill of =10=: 258.
      mourning color of =10=: 629.
      petroglyphs by =10=: 106, 109 _sq._, 111, 112.
      petroglyphs of =10=: 676-680.
      pictographic notice of departure and return by =10=: 330.
      record of battle by =10=: 554 _sq._
      record of victory by =10=: 557 _sq._
      researches among =41=: 58, 84.
      tribal designation of =10=: 378 _sq._
      wampum belts of =10=: 228 _sq._
      work in classification of =18=: XLVI.

    =Algonquian Languages=
      bibliography of =11=: XXXIV.
      character of =15=: LXXXIII.
      comparative vocabulary of =21=: XI, XXIV.
      influence of, on geographic nomenclature =19=: 1115.
      pronunciation of =28=: 226 _sqq._
      study of =15=: XXXIX; =16=: LXXIV; =19=: XXV.
      summary of linguistic investigations in =28=: 225 _sq._
      work in =17=: LIII; =18=: XXVIII, XLII.

    =Algonquian Myths= =19=: 437, 451.

    =Algonquian Names= for rabbit and dawn =19=: 233.

    =Algonquian Peoples=
      connection of--
        with Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 81.
        with northwestern pottery =20=: 195.
        with shore pottery =20=: 160.
        with south Atlantic pottery =20=: 131, 142.
      inclosure of Iroquois by =20=: 159.
      possible influence of, on Canadian pottery =20=: 170 _sq._

    =Algonquian Pipes=
      character of =20=: 140.
      distribution of =20=: 173.

    =Algonquian Pottery=
      division and distribution of =20=: 21, 144 _sq._, 147, 165.
      occurrence of, Lake Huron region =20=: 171.
      pottery resemblance, South Appalachian province =20=: 133.
      simplicity of form of =20=: 162.
      tempering of =20=: 161.
      _See also_ =20=: 145-158, _Middle Atlantic Coast pottery_; =20=:
        175-179, _New Jersey, New England pottery_; =20=: 182-186, _Ohio
        Valley pottery_; =20=: 186-201, _Northwestern pottery_.

    =Algonquian Stock=
      games of the =24=:
        ball juggling 712.
        double ball 647.
        hand game 273.
        racket 562.
        ring and pin 528.
        snow-snake 400.
        stick games 227.
      morphological studies of languages of =24=: XXIII.
      tribes of the =24=:
        Abnaki 571, 708.
        Algonkin 49, 229.
        Amalecite 49.
        Arapaho 50, 268, 384, 400, 441, 445, 529, 617, 705, 730, 733,
          751.
        Blackfeet 56, 269, 443, 734.
        Cheyenne 58, 269, 384, 400, 445, 446, 530, 563, 619, 649, 705,
          734, 758.
        Chippewa 61-68, 229, 340, 401 _sqq._, 404, 405, 446, 533, 562,
          563, 564-567, 568, 611, 620, 650, 734, 791.
        Cree 68, 230, 270, 342, 403, 535, 652, 734, 791.
        Delawares 69, 342, 446, 537, 567.
        Gros Ventres 70, 270, 384, 404, 447, 537, 621, 706, 734, 751.
        Illinois 72, 230, 781.
        Kickapoo 72.
        Massachusset 73, 230, 698.
        Menomini 73, 343, 404, 567, 622, 653.
        Miami 231, 344, 569, 708.
        Micmac 74, 698, 722, 792.
        Missisauga 80, 344, 405, 538, 569, 653, 803.
        Montagnais 384, 538, 708.
        Narraganset 80, 231, 699.
        Nascapee 539, 712.
        Nipissing 81, 344, 540, 570.
        Norridgewock 81, 231, 406, 735.
        Ottawa 82, 344.
        Passamaquoddy 82, 406, 540, 570 _sq._, 792.
        Penobscot 84, 406, 541, 571.
        Piegan 84, 231, 271, 447.
        Potawatomi 85, 385.
        Powhatan 232, 622, 699.
        Sauk and Foxes 85, 232, 345, 407, 448, 542, 622, 735, 758, 762.
        Shawnee 573.
        Tobique 50.
      tribes, study of =19=: XVII _sq._, XXIX.

    =Algonquian Texts= =24=: XX, XXXII; =25=: XIX.

    =Algonquian Tribes=, Linguistic classification.
      linguistic major divisions =28=: 229.
      memoir on =28=: 22, 221.

    =Algonquian Vocabulary= =23=: XXXVI.
      work on =22, i=: XXXII.

    =Algood, Tenn.=, trails of =42=: 833, 835.

    =Aliatan=
      a synonym of the Comanche =14=: 1043.
      identification of the =17=: 166 _sq._

    =Alibamans=, aquatic burial of suicides by =1=: 180.

    =Alibamo=
      a stockaded town =42=: 438.
      fortress of =12=: 650.

    =Alibamos.= _See_ =Alabama=.

    =Alibamu=
      habitat and population =7=: 95.
      researches among =28=: 12; =30=: 18.

    =Aliche=, a Caddo division =14=: 1092.

    =Alien=
      residents, influence of, on Pueblo architecture =19=: 649 _sq._
      Seri antipathy for =17=: 131* _sq._, 154* _sq._

    =Alindja=
      information supplied by =42=: 65, 67, 546.
      legend repeated by =42=: 64.

    =Alismaceae= =33=: 65.

    =Alium Cernuum= =45=: 481.

    =Alium Stellatum= =45=: 481.

    =Alive=, sign for =1=: 421.

    =Alkali Grass=, used in basketry =41=: 145.

    =Alkali Soil=, references to =14=: 586.

    =Alkĭn´=, Natchez women among Cherokee =19=: 388.

    =Allamakee County, Iowa=, mounds =5=: 26.

    =All Bones.= _See_ =Kâ´lahû´=.

    =All Saints’ Day=, observance of =47=: 290.

    =Allegan _or_ Akegwi=, identical with Cherokee =5=: 137.

    =Allegheny Reserve=
      establishment of =18=: 660.
      recession to Seneca of =18=: 776.
      sale of =18=: 770.

    =Allegheny River=
      origin of name of =19=: 18.
      pictographs on =4=: 20, 21.

    =Allegheny Valley=, character of pottery of =20=: 183.

    =Allegory=, development of =19=: LXXXIX-XC.

    =Allen, _Miss_ A. J.=, on burial sacrifice =1=: 189.

    =Allen, H. H.=, on Korean myths =19=: 447.

    =Allen, H. T.= =46=: 124, 128.

    =Allen, _Dr._ Harrison= =1=: 208, 225, 238, 245.
      on conventionalized forms =4=: 244.

    =Allen, J. A.=
      on American bison in Piedmont area =19=: 1043.
      on former range of buffalo =15=: 173.

    =Allen, Jim= =46=: 31, 105, 106, 112, 172, 181, 206.

    =Allen, Walter=, a Ponka commissioner =15=: 192.

    =Allen County, Ky.=, mounds and graves in =44=: 488, 491.

    =Allen Settlement, Pa.=, vessel from =20=: 166.

    =Alleyway=, Hawikuh =8=: 81.

    =Alliances=
      of the Pima Indians =26=: 200.
      of the Winnebago =37=: 58 _sq._

    =Alligator=
      association of, with disease =42=: 647.
      beliefs concerning =30=: 369.
      dangers from, in rivers of New Galicia =14=: 539.
      effigy of, in Santa Rita mound =19=: 680, 684.
      hunting of =38=: § 217.
      legends concerning =30=: 135, 212.
      myths concerning =19=: 459.
      pottery, figured =38=: § 96.
      rain due to =30=: 267.
      representation of, in Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 110.
      scale headbands =38=: § 530.
      teeth as talismans =30=: 289 _sq._, 298.
      town emblems of Tukabahchee =42=: 243.
      used as food =42=: 693.
      utilization of, in Chiriquian art =6=: 130-140, 166, 173-176, 178,
        180, 183.

    =Alligator Clan=
      native names for =42=: 115.
      reasons for associations of =42=: 145.
      story concerning =42=: 108.

    =Alligator Creek=, archeological sites at =48=: 3.

    =Alligator Dance=
      description of =42=: 530.
      mention of =42=: 524.

    =“Alligator “Mound= =2=: 158.

    =Alligator Stools=, nature of =30=: 135, 192, 250.

    =Allionia Nyctaginea= =33=: 78.
      use of =44=: 286, 362.

    =Allis, Samuel=, on Kickapoo prayer-stick =14=: 697.

    =Allison, Thomas=, Pima interpreter =26=: 18.

    =Allison, William=, a Kiowa trader =17=: 283, 313.

    =Allium Acuminatum= =45=: 482.

    =Allium Mutabile= =33=: 71.

    =Allium Stellatum=, use of =44=: 286, 340, 377.

    =Allium Tricoccum=, use of =44=: 286, 346.

    =Alloc=, mentioned =44=: 35.

    =Allotted Lands=, tenure of =18=: 643.

    =Allotment.= _See_ =Lands=.

    =Allotment Act of 1887=
      effect on Indian reservations of =18=: 641 _sq._
      in severalty, regulation by act of Congress of =18=: 642.
      in severalty, schedule of treaties and acts of Congress
        authorizing =18=: 645 _sqq._

    =Allouez, _Père_ Claude=
      on Maskotin use of wild rice =19=: 1054.
      on Rabbit-rock myth =14=: 117.

    =All-over Designs= =41=: 233, 240, 271 _sqq._

    =All-together=, sign for =1=: 523.

    =Allyn, Robert=, assists in exploration =12=: 181.

    =Almacabala=
      modern vestiges of =19=: 847-851.
      stepping stone to modern science =19=: 825 _sq._

    =Almagro=, struggles of, in Peru against Pizarro =14=: 376.

    =Almaguer, Antonio de=, secretary in New Spain =14=: 598.

    =Almanac=, Cherokee, establishment of =19=: 112.

    =Almidez Cherino, Pero=, royal veedor for New Spain =14=: 596, 598.

    =Almirantazgo=, island of =14=: 545.

    =Almogen= used by Navahos in blanching silver =2=: 175.

    =Almotu=, a Pälus village =14=: 735.

    =Almy, John=, circular works on land of, New York =12=: 510.

    =Alnus Incana=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 299.
      use of =44=: 286, 346, 358, 360, 369.

    =Alnus Oregona= =45=: 501.

    =Alnus Rhombifolia= =45=: 503.

    =Alnus Rubra= =45=: 483.

    =Alo Mana=
      derivation of =21=: 125.
      description of =21=: 108, 109.

    =Aloam Mountain= in Pima mythology =26=: 242.

    =Aloe, Mexican=, use of, for clothing by Pueblo Indians =14=: 569.

    =Alona= identified with Halona =13=: 327.

    =Alone Man=, Catch-the-Bear killed by =14=: 857.

    =Alonso, Manuel A.=, on Porto Rican folklore =25=: 20.

    =Alosaka=
      derivation of =21=: 125.
      description of =21=: 121.
      Hopi germ-god =21=: 121.
      idols in Awatobi shrine =17=: 619.
      Patuñ germ-god =19=: 595 _sq._
      _See also_ =Muyiñwû=.

    =Alphabet=
      Siouan =11=: 363; 15: 208.
      syllabic, used by Winnebago =37=: 47.
      Tsimshian =31=: 42.
      used for Cherokee words =19=: 506.
      used in record of Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 16.
      used in spelling Hopi names =21=: 126.
      used in writing Eskimo names =18=: 22.
      _See also_ =Syllabary=.

    =Alphabets= =4=: 13.

    =Alsea Indians=
      amount of wild rice harvested by the =19=: 1076.
      habitat of =7=: 134.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 812, 814, 838, 878, 948.
      linguistic work among the =24=: XXII.
      paper on =40=: 17.

    =Alsea Language=
      grammatical sketch of, by Dr. Leo Frachtenberg =36=: 22; =37=: 18.
      work on, by Dr. Leo Frachtenberg =34=: 21.

    =Alsek River=, Tlingit clans near mouth of =26=: 413.

    =Alta California=, on Pima and Maricopa =26=: 31.

    =Altamira, Mexico=
      antiquities at =26=: XV, XVI.
      founded by Escandron =25=: 278.
      ruins =25=: 276.
      stone idols =25=: 278 _sqq._

    =Altar Mounds= =5=: 57, 58.

    =Altar Stones=
      reference to =42=: 709.
      St. Kitts =34=: 160.

    =Altars=
      absence of, at Cipaulovi =16=: 277.
      absence of, in buffalo dance =21=: 30.
      absence of, in Pamürti =21=: 26.
      absence of, in Tawa Paholawû =21=: 31.
      absence of, in winter Lakone Paholawû =21=: 39.
      antelope, erection of =47=: 72.
      appearance of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 57.
      appearance of, in house of the Patki clan =21=: 29.
      appearance of, in representations of Hopi katcinas =21=: 28.
      appearance of, in Soyaluña =21=: 25.
      caciques =47=: 41 _sq._, 44.
      clay, occurrence of, in eastern United States =20=: 36 _sq._
      conformity of, to direction of kiva =8=: 116.
      described =41=: 505.
      design of, in meal =47=: 296.
      for Horned Serpent ceremony =47=: 301.
      for rain ceremony =47=: 330 _sq._
      in Hopi ceremonies =15=: 261, 267, 270.
      in house circle =41=: 592.
      in House of the Mysteries =41=: 568 _sq._
      of corn group =47=: 280.
      of curing society, description of =47=: 48.
      of Laguna Fathers =47=: 311.
      of medicine societies =47=: 109, 279 _sq._, 491, 529.
      of moieties =47=: 280.
      of religious fraternities, study of =19=: XLVI-XLIX, L _sqq._
      of the Pekwīn =47=: 659.
      of Zuñi priesthood, description of =47=: 514.
      old, disposal of =47=: 129.
      special wood used for =47=: 129.
      time for erection of =16=: 277.
      used among the Sia =11=: 104.
      _See also_ =Antelope Altar=; =Snake Altar=.

    =Altars and altar mounds= not necessarily places of sacrifice =12=:
      606.

    =Al-ta-tin=, population =7=: 55.

    =Alton, Illinois=
      flint near =44=: 532 _sq._
      petroglyphs near =10=: 80.
      Telegraph, on salt vessels =20=: 31.

    =Altpeter Mounds=
      form of =37=: 100.
      location of =37=: 99.
      number of =37=: 100.

    =Alubiri=
      legends concerning =30=: 119, 120, 142.
      _See also_ =Abori=; =Haburi=; =Harawali=; =Oruperi=.

    =Alum-root=
      use of =44=: 289, 290.
      _See also_ =Heuchera=; =Heuchera Hispida=.

    =Alvarado, Cipriano=, assistance rendered by =41=: 85.

    =Alvarado, Hernando de=
      appointment of =14=: 477.
      Coronado protected by, at Cibola =14=: 483.
      expedition of, to Rio Grande =14=: LVII, 390, 490, 575.
      on Acoma =29=: 543.
      Pecos chiefs imprisoned by =14=: 493.
      report of discoveries by =14=: 594.
      visit of, at Acoma =47=: 23, 24.
      visit of, to Braba =14=: 511.
      wounded by Indians =14=: 557.
      Zuñi ruins visited by =13=: 344.

    =Alvarado, Pedro de=
      arguments before Council of the Indies =14=: 372.
      arrival of, in New Spain =14=: 408.
      death of, at Nochistlan =14=: 410.
      efforts of, to provide wives for the colonists =14=: 374.
      expedition of, to Peru =14=: 474.
      failure of expedition to Peru =14=: 352.
      feats of =14=: 540.
      lieutenant of Cortes, conqueror of Guatemala =14=: 352.
      unites with Mendoza for exploration =14=: 353.

    =Alvarez, Ruperto=, aid rendered by =17=: XLII, 14.

    =Alvemar-Leon, Arturo=
      acknowledgments to =17=: 13.
      portrait of =17=: 13.
      services rendered by =16=: LXIII.

    =Alveolar Angle=, Eskimo =46=: 284.

    =Alvord, _Captain_=
      on Kiowa character =17=: 235.
      on the Kiowa Apache in 1872 =17=: 252.
      report of, on the Kiowa =17=: 193, 195.

    =Amado, Lucero=, reference to =29=: 251.

    =Ama’ala´=
      a supernatural being supporting the world =31=: 453.
      story of =31=: 116-121.

    =Amalicite Indians=
      birch-bark notice of trip by =10=: 334 _sqq._
      dice games of the =24=: 49 _sq._
      tribal emblem of =10=: 379.

    =Amalivaca=, legends concerning =30=: 119, 136, 149 _sq._

    =Amen, Max=, interview with =44=: 60 _sq._

    =Amaranthus=
      bread colored by =30=: 74, 87.
      cheeks colored by =30=: 83.
      used as food =30=: 67.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 87.

    =Amatepeque=, revolt in, quelled by Coronado =14=: 380.

    =Amativeness=, expression of =30=: 163 _sq._

    =Amazon Indian=
      decorative body painting by the =10=: 620.
      mode of drilling =13=: 165.

    =Amazons=
      explanation of myth =30=: 365 _sq._
      legends concerning =30=: 222, 335, 363, 364 _sqq._

    =Ambrosetti=, idol figured by =25=: 141.

    =Ambrosia Eliator= =33=: 132.

    =Ambrosial Pleasures= =19=: LIX _sq._

    =Ambush=, use of, by the Spaniards =14=: 500.

    =Amecos=, a Trinidad nation =34=: 64.

    =Amelanchier Alnifolia= =33=: 87; =45=: 462, 471, 485, 487, 488,
      489, 490, 496, 510.

    =Amelanchier Canadensis=, use of =44=: 286, 307, 344, 356, 358.

    =Amelia County (Va.)=, steatite quarry in =15=: 107, 132.

    =America=
      aboriginal pottery of =20=: 19-201.
      as a field for study of art =4=: 443.
      characterization of paper on aboriginal pottery of =20=: XXVI
        _sq._
      indicated by customs, migrations to and in =3=: 146-151.
      North, petroglyphs in =10=: 37-140.
      origin of Eskimo in =46=: 330, 340-347, 356.
      peopling of =46=: 29.
      peopling of, from Asia =46=: 175.
      peopling of, through Alaska =46=: 181.

    =American=
      aborigines equally divided in culture stages =21=: XXII.
      Indian belief of origin of the =14=: 721.
      Indian regard for the =14=: 676.
      influence on Pima =26=: 98.
      relations with Maricopa =26=: 31 _sq._
      relations with Pima =26=: 30-34.
      Tewa names for =29=: 573.
      traders’ dealings with the Pima =26=: 94.

    =American Anthropologist=
      article on maple sugar in =20=: 33.
      paper in, cited =24=: 213.
      paper on American pottery in =20=: 15.
      paper on evolution of ornament in =20=: 64.
      reference to =19=: 632.

    =American Antiquarian Society= on Mayan inscriptions =19=: 700.

    =American Antiquities=, preservation of =27=: 10.

    =American Association for the Advancement of Science=, paper on
      Vermont pottery in _Proceedings of_ =20=: 169.

    =American Blood= among the Cherokee =19=: 83.

    =American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions=, work of,
      among the Cherokee =19=: 104 _sq._, 136.

    =American Cultures=, affinities, origin =46=: 175.

    =American Elm= =33=: 75.

    =American Emigrant Company=, negotiations for neutral lands =5=:
      349.

    =American Explorations=, Yukon =46=: 128.

    =American Fur Company=
      dependence of, on wild rice =19=: 1103 _sq._
      traders of the =46=: 621.

    =American Horse=
      a Dakota chief =15=: 190.
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      delegate to Washington =14=: 891.
      emissary to Bad-land’s refugees =14=: 867.
      ghost dance council held by =14=: 820.
      Kicking Bear’s surrender effected by =14=: 868.
      on the Sioux outbreak =14=: 839, 843.
      on Wounded Knee massacre =14=: 869, 885.
      winter count of =10=: 269.
      _See also_ =Päbóte=.

    =American Horse Chart=
      or Winter count =4=: 95, 129-146.
      _See also_ =Corbusier Winter Counts=.

    =American Indian Games= =25=: XX.

    =American Indian Mission Association=, grant of land to =18=: 794.

    =American Indians, Handbook of= =25=: X, XVII, XIX, XX.

    =American Languages, Handbook of= =25=: X, XIX _sq._

    =American Museum=, elbow stones in =34=: 205 _sq._

    =American Museum of Natural History=
      acknowledgments to =6=: 409; =20=: 16; =37=: 48.
      archaeologic explorations by =28=: 18.
      figured specimens from =6=: 472, 517.
      mention of =46=: 166, 229, 235, 255.
      on Mayan inscriptions =19=: 700.
      permit granted =27=: 11.
      reference to =41=: 223.

    =American Naturalist=
      on tattooing =4=: 76.
      paper on Vermont pottery in =20=: 169.
      on pottery =4=: 276.

    =American Race=, achievements of, illustrated =25=: XIII.

    =American State Papers=, cited =12=: 695.

    =Ames, Oliver=, petitions for Casa Grande repair =15=: CII.

    =Amethyst=, beads of =44=: 104.

    =Amherst, Ohio=, rock carvings at =4=: 21.

    =Amiantis Shells=, manufacture of beads from =2=: 226.

    =´mĭna=
      in Pima song =26=: 332.
      medicinal use of =26=: 265, 266.

    =Amitstci=, four-stick game of the =24=: 333.

    =Ammunition=, lack of, in New Spain =14=: 540.

    =Amohave= in Yuma-Pima battle =26=: 47.

    =Amorpha Canescens= =33=: 93.

    =Amorpha Fruticosa= =33=: 93.

    =Amphora= from caves in the Nantacks =22, i=: 189.

    =Amputation=
      practice of =46=: 427 _sq._
      practiced by the Chippewa =44=: 333, 334.

    =Amsterdam, Fort.= _See_ =Fort Amsterdam=.

    =Amsterdam, Va.=, trail passing =42=: 760.

    =´mû ´kimûlt.= _See_ =Salt River=.

    =Amulets=
      appearance of, in Hopi katcinas =21=: 101.
      ancient weapons and implements; used as =9=: 438, 439.
      as idols =25=: 196.
      from Guadeloupe =34=: 136.
      in Connell collection =34=: 165.
      mention of =34=: 113 _sqq._, 233 _sq._
      of the Apache =9=: 587-591.
      of the Caddo described =14=: 904.
      of dried bees =9=: 440.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 201; =13=: 115; =18=: 434-441.
      of the Eskimo, how carried =9=: 434.
      of the Menomini =14=: 74.
      of the Northern Indians =11=: 275.
      of seal skin for catching fowls =9=: 439.
      parts of various animals =9=: 437 _sq._, 441.
      pottery, Florida peninsula =20=: 128.
      reindeer antler =9=: 436.
      shell =25=: 193.
      stones =9=: 437.
      twin =25=: 201.
      use of =11=: 515.
      wearing in savagery =16=: 21.
      whales of glass, wood, and stone =9=: 435 _sq._
      Zuñi use of =2=: 44.
      _See also_ =Stone Amulets=.

    =Amusements=
      account of Omaha =27=: 363-370.
      of the Assiniboin =15=: 225.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 254.
      of the Northern Indians =11=: 320.
      of the Omahas =3=:
        cards 341.
        children’s 341.
        diving 341.
        hitting the stone 339.
        plumstone shooting 334.
        shooting at the rolling wheel 335.
        stick and ring 337.
        stick counting 338.
        women’s ball game 338.
      of the Siouan tribes =15=: 174.
      of the Tsimshian =31=: 409.
      _See also_ =Games=.

    =Aña=, derivation of =21=: 125.

    =Anabali Indians=, burial customs of =30=: 159.

    =Anacaona=, wife of Caonabo =25=: 59, 81.

    =Anacapa Island=, visit of Ferrel to =14=: 412.

    =Anacardiaceae= =33=: 99.

    =Anacostia, D. C.=
      aboriginal village on site of =20=: 156.
      pottery from =20=: 156 _sq._
      quartzite blades from =15=: 79.
      rhyolite implements from =15=: 89.
      steatite pipe from =15=: 133.
      _See also_ =District of Columbia=.

    =Anacostia Valley=, archeology of =15=: 69.

    =Anadarko=
      a Caddo division =14=: 1092.
      customs of =42=: 702.
      fight at =17=: 204.
      Kiowa council at =14=: 913.
      removal of Kiowa agency to =17=: 218.
      threatened attack on =17=: 204.
      _See also_ =Nadako=.

    =Ánahoho= of Zuñi mythology =13=: 414.

    =Áñakatcina=, ceremony of the Hopi =15=: 264, 294, 303.

    =Áña Katcina Manas=, ceremonial grinding of meal by =21=: 49.

    =Analysis=
      of Picurís songs =43=: 399-425.
      of the life form in art =4=: 244.

    =Anaphalis Margaitacea= =45=: 465.
      use of =44=: 282, 362.

    =Anaphrodisiacs.= _See_ =Love Charms=.

    =Anasagunticook=, location of =43=: 170.

    =Anawita=
      chief of Pitka, mention of =19=: 597.
      Hopi Rain-cloud clan chief, reference to =19=: 579.
      Mesauwûh personified by =15=: 263.
      on advent of clans at Walpi =19=: 585.
      traditional information given by =17=: 595.
      Tusayan tradition by =13=: 188.

    =Anba-Hebe= cited on tradition of the pipes =3=: 222.

    =Ancestor Worship=
      absence of =11=: 371.
      at Sikyatki =17=: 732.
      by the Hopi =15=: 251.
      in Snake-dance =19=: 965 _sq._, 1008.
      nature of =47=: 510.
      Omaha attitude toward =27=: 601.
      terms indicative of =11=: 368.

    =Ancestors=
      offerings to =47=: 509, 621.
      Zuñi cult of the =47=: 509 _sqq._

    =Anchor= =35=: 511.

    =Anchor Stones= =35=: 180.

    =Anchorage=, town of =46=: 36.

    =Ancient=
      art in the province of Chiriqui =6=: 13-187.
      burial customs of barbaric tribes =1=: 152.
      cemetery of Abiquiu =1=: 111.
      nations, tree burials of =1=: 165, 166.

    =Ancient-bodied=, a female man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=:
      228.

    =Ancient Clan Masks=
      description of =21=: 109-112.
      ownership of =31=: 109.

    =Ancient People=, Tewa name for =29=: 573.

    =Ancient Pottery= of the Mississippi Valley =4=: 361-436.

    =Ancient Pueblos=, pottery of the =4=: 257-360.

    =Ancientism= defined =1=: 33, 39.

    =Ancients=
      curious mourning observances of =1=: 165, 166.
      Hopi, personification of =21=: 16.
      _See also_ =Ancestor Worship=; =Ancestors=; =Katcinas=.

    =Ancients, The=
      references to =28=: 42.
      _See also_ =Ancestor=; =Hohokam=; =Inhabitants=.

    =Ancon, Peru=
      absence of trephined crania at =16=: 13.
      examples of ornamentation from graves at =6=: 212, 230, 231, 236,
        243, 248.

    =Andaggyjunkquagh=, sale of land by =18=: 596.

    =Andaman Islanders=
      head decoration by =10=: 621.
      head decoration of =10=: 222.
      tattooing of =10=: 418.

    =Anderson, C. M.= =46=: 100.

    =Anderson, Peter=, Pueblo ruins on farm of =22, i=: 173.

    =Anderson, Robert=, remains on farm of (Arkansas) =12=: 228.

    =Anderson, W. G.=, opened Wisconsin mounds =5=: 16.

    =Anderson _and_ Stewart=, cited =6=: 458, 459.

    =Anderson River=, clothing from =18=: 39.

    =Anderson Township, Ohio=, mounds =5=: 47, 48.

    =Andiron, Shumopavi= =8=: 176.

    =Andrade, Eduardo J.=, acknowledgment to =22, i=: XII.

    =Andrade, Francisco=, campaign against Seri by =17=: 88-93.

    =Andree, _Dr._ Richard=, criticism on pictographs by =4=: 14 _sq._

    =Andreivsky=
      festival observed at =18=: 361 _sqq._
      implements from =18=: 121 _sq._
      legends from =18=: 485 _sq._, 488 _sqq._, 490-494.
      visited by E. W. Nelson =18=: 19.

    =Andrew, _Father_=, stories about =47=: 206.

    =Andrew, Tarascon=, remains in Pueblo country =14=: 592.

    =Andrews, E. B.=
      finds copper articles smooth and even as if from rolled sheet
        =12=: 711.
      remarks regarding use of fire in burial ceremonies =12=: 567, 678.

    =Andrews, Frank=, flint on land of =44=: 538.

    =Andrews, _Miss_ Harriet A.=
      assistance of =36=: 20; =38=: 15.
      mention of =31=: 32.
      work of =29=: 22.

    =Andropogon Furcatus=
      use of =44=: 286, 342, 348.
      use for making arrows for toy bows =33=: 68.

    =Anecdote= from Du Tertre =34=: 222.

    =A´neglakya=, legend of =30=: 46.

    =A´neglakyatsi´tsa=, legend of =30=: 46.

    =Anemone= =33=: 82.

    =Anemone Canadensis= =33=: 82.

    =Anemone Cylindrica= =33=: 82.

    =Anemone Multifida= =45=: 474, 513.

    =Anemone Occidentalis= =45=: 459, 466.

    =Angel, Don=, notes obtained from =48=: 8.

    =Angel, Silas=, mounds on land of =12=: 559.

    =Angel de la Guardia=
      island of =14=: 554.
      island, occupied by Yuman tribes =7=: 138.

    =Angeles=, location, duration, and size of =17=: 69 _sqq._

    =Angelica=, medicinal use of =42=: 657.

    =Angell, Henry N.=
      in Sioux outbreak =14=: 863.
      steatite quarry on land of =15=: 107.

    =Anger=
      bodily attitude as a sign of =20=: CXLII _sq._
      expressed by ants worrying a corpse =38=: § 841.
      how indicated =30=: 300 _sq._
      sign for =1=: 301.
      signal for =1=: 529.

    =Angle-stem= =33=: 132.

    =Angles=
      Eskimo, facial =46=: 285.
      Eskimo, mandibular =46=: 305.
      in design, interpretation of =41=: 313 _sqq._

    =Anglo-Saxon= use of stone axes =13=: 63.

    =Angola=, myths of =19=: 441 _sq._, 446, 447, 450, 452, 453.

    =Angópte=, data concerning =17=: 146.

    =Āngū´n=, a Tlingit town =26=: 397, 412.

    =Anian, Straits of.= _See_ =Straits of Anian=.

    =Ani´-Kitu´whagĭ=, _See_ =Kitu´whagĭ=.

    =Ani´-Ku´sa.= _See_ =Creeks=.

    =Anilukhtakpak, Aninulykhtyk-Pak= =46=: 127, 129, 130, 131.

    =Animakee Waba=, Ojibwa treaty signer =14=: 28.

    =Animal Carvings= studied =3=: XVIII.

    =Animal Dances= =45=: 387 _sq._
      list of =42=: 523 _sq._
      performance of =42=: 610.

    =Animal Effigies=
      clay, Casa Grande =28=: 134 _sq._
      finding in Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 109.
      in mounds at Santa Rita =19=: 678-685.

    =Animal Features= as decoration =41=: 539.

    =Animal Fetishes.= _See_ =Mythology=.

    =Animal Figures=
      on knife handles, affinities of =46=: 175.
      on Pueblo pottery =22, i=: 71, 72, 145, 153, 154.
      substances used in art =15=: 21.
      unknown in Chesapeake stone art =15=: 96.
      _See also_ =Bird Stones=; =Frog=; =Heads=; =Monkey=; =Peccary=;
        =Reptiles=; =Shark=; =Squirrel=; =Turtle=.

    =Animal Food=
      cooking of =45=: 94 _sq._
      of Tennessee Indians =41=: 555, 607-711.

    =Animal Forms=
      and designs, Apalachee-Ohio pottery =20=: 180.
      eastern U. S. pottery =20=: 40, 41, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67.
      eastern U. S. pottery, significance of =20=: 100.
      Florida peninsula pottery =20=: 118.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 106-112, 113 _sq._
      Gulf Coast pottery, possible source of =20=: 105.
      in designs on basketry =41=: 379 _sqq._, 382, 429 _sq._
      Iroquoian pottery, rarity of =20=: 162.
      Iroquoian pipes =20=: 174.
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 104.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 156.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery, rarity of =20=: 145, 151.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 85 _sq._, 87, 88, 90
        _sq._, 92-98, 99.
      Northwestern pottery =20=: 198.
      Ohio Valley pottery =20=: 185.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 137, 138, 140, 141.
      Southern and Northern pottery =20=: 145, 187.
      _See also_ =Bird=; =Life=; =Man=; =Plant=; =Shell=.

    =Animal Gods=
      influence =30=: 40.
      _See also_ =Animal Worship=.

    =Animal Life=
      myths =11=: 31, 146, 425.
      of the Upper Missouri =46=: 410 _sqq._
      of the Ungava district =11=: 174.
      societies, organization of =11=: 69.

    =Animal Spirits=
      propitiated by dances =42=: 549.

    =Animal Substances=
      articles of, from Wolpi =2=: 396.
      articles of, from Zuñi =2=: 373.
      collection of objects of =3=: 437, 467, 485.

    =Animal Symbols=
      Eskimo =18=: 450.
      use of =46=: 412.

    =Animal, Wild=, meeting of =31=: 106, 723, 728.

    =Animal Worship=
      defined =15=: 179.
      of the Zuñi =2=: 11.
      _See also_ =Animal Gods=.

    =Animals=
      ability to talk attributed to =42=: 489.
      appealed to by warriors =39=: 58.
      as fetishes =47=: 277 _sq._
      as human beings =30=: 199-227.
      as supernatural =47=: 343.
      association of, with diseases =42=: 638.
      attributes, transfer to human beings =30=: 292, 297.
      belief concerning =46=: 487.
      binas from =30=: 284 _sq._, 288.
      carvings, article upon, discussed =2=: XX.
      chiefly used for food =27=: 271.
      chiefs and tribes of =19=: 231, 261-266, 445-448.
      control of =30=: 340 _sq._
      creation of =30=: 148.
      custom regarding killing of =46=: 412.
      derivation of man from =30=: 143 _sq._
      designs =31=: 54, 55, 56.
      destruction of skeletal remains by =46=: 363.
      dogs named for =30=: 307.
      domestic, trephined =16=: 16.
      domesticated by the Pima =26=: 84 _sqq._
      domestication of =42=: 694.
      Eskimo account of creation of =18=: 455.
      Eskimo belief in dual existence of =18=: 394 _sq._, 425.
      extinct, at Big Bone Lick =42=: 742, 790, 791.
      extinct, at Saltville =42=: 752.
      figures showing =22, i=: 67, 68, 133.
      food of Pima =26=: 80-83.
      forms in pottery =4=: 383-392.
      forms of pottery from Pueblo ruins, features of =22, i=: 66-69,
        133.
      four symbolic, Wi´-gi-e of =39=: 245.
      game, belief regarding hearing of =35=: 637.
      how divided among Omaha hunters =3=: 300.
      hunted for meat and skin =45=: 96 _sq._
      in Osage legend =27=: 63.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 214, 247.
      in Tlingit calendar =26=: 426.
      Kanaima as =30=: 356.
      known to Omaha =27=: 103 _sq._
      list of species of =22, i=: 110.
      list of, used for food =46=: 583.
      magic power of, Pima =26=: 250.
      memoir on, carvings from mounds of the Mississippi Valley =2=:
        117-166.
      men changed to =30=: 60.
      men changed to, legends of =30=: 184, 201.
      men transformed into =40=: 37, 63, 117.
      method of slaughtering =37=: 113.
      mounds =2=: 152.
      mounds in Wisconsin =4=: 61.
      mythic, of the Eskimo =18=: 394.
      mythological classification of =37=: 186.
      myths concerning =19=: 239, 243, 250 _sqq._, 280 and _passim_.
      of the Point Barrow region, Alaska =9=: 55-59.
      of the Pueblo region =14=: 518.
      of Seriland =17=: 36-39.
      omens from =30=: 274-277.
      place in nature =27=: 357 _sq._, 511-516, 518, 533, 588 _sq._,
        599 _sqq._
      plants associated with =30=: 37, 38, 40.
      plants used as food by =45=: 514.
      power of transformation of =37=: 197.
      pregnant, taboo for food =30=: 297.
      remains from Pueblo ruins, collection of =22, i=: 26, 164.
      should not be scolded =31=: 445.
      skins of, for symbolic use =39=: 46.
      smoke offering to skins of =39=: 243-248.
      some, not eaten =31=: 501 _sq._
      source of Tlingit names =26=: 421, 422.
      spirits of, as guardians of the penalties =39=: 44.
      spirits of =30=: 153, 174 _sq._, 199.
      spirits of, propitiation of =30=: 197.
      spirits of, transformed to man =30=: 199.
      supernatural =31=: 272, 459 _sq._; =42=: 497 _sq._
      taboo among Iowa Indians =11=: 426.
      taboo among the Omaha =11=: 412.
      taken by Coronado for food supply =14=: 553.
      trails made by =42=: 735, 741, 788.
      treatment of =45=: 291.
      _See also_ =Bear=; =Livestock=; and principal animals under their
        respective names.

    =Animas Valley= =4=: 315.

    =Animism=
      among the northern Indians =11=: 273.
      among the Siouan peoples =11=: 431, 514.
      and folklore of the Guiana Indians, memoir on =30=: 26 _sqq._,
        103-386.
      discussion of =11=: XLV, 520.
      introduced, tales =30=: 371-379.
      significance of =21=: 15.

    =Anise, Wild= =33=: 113.

    =Ani´-Tsa´ lăgĭ´=, =Ani´-Yûñ´ wiyă´= _See_ =Tsa´ lăgĭ=, =Yûñ´
      wiyă´=.

    =Aniyak= =46=: 204, 205.

    =Anklets=
      appearance of, in representations of Hopi katcinas =21=: 68.
      cotton =38=: § 552.

    =Anko=
      acknowledgments to =17=: 147.
      meaning of name of =17=: 145.

    =Anko Calendar=
      beginning of =17=: 313.
      description of =17=: 144, 145.
      period covered by =17=: 143.
      whereabouts of =17=: 146.

    =Anko Monthly Calendar= =17=: 373-379.

    =Ankwanti=
      appearance of Hahai wügti in =21=: 68
      appearance of Wupamau in =21=: 91, 92.
      _See also_ =Palülükoñti=.

    =Annals, Pima.= _See_ =History of Pima=.

    =Annamite Tradition= concerning tattooing =10=: 413.

    =Annapolis=, operations near =13=: XXVI.

    =Annenraes=, captivity of =43=: 456.

    =Announcement Days= of the Hopi elaborate festivals =21=: 20.

    =Annual Buffalo Hunt.= _See_ =Buffalo Hunt=.

    =Annuities=
      apportionment of =19=: 106, 138, 177.
      Cherokee =19=: 81, 85, 129.
      Cheyenne and Arapaho, grant of =17=: 184 _sqq._
      distribution of =46=: 473.
      Kiowa, grant of =17=: 173.
      Kiowa, recommendation to withhold =17=: 194.
      paid to Creeks, distribution of =42=: 317 _sq._
      withholding of =19=: 138.

    =Annular Doorway= =8=: 182, 193.

    =Annulet= used in Tusayan ceremony =16=: 281.

    =Anogogmut=
      implements and utensils from =18=: 69, 74, 96 _sq._, 147, 148,
        151, 169.
      ornaments from =18=: 60, 61.
      tobacco implements from =18=: 273, 275, 279.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 226.

    =Anogok= =46=: 193.

    =Anointing=
      of body =14=: 1037; =38=: § 511.
      of visitors =38=: § 809.

    =Anos-anyotskano=, Kichai name of the Arapaho =14=: 953.

    =Ánosin Téhuli= of Zuñi mythology =13=: 381.

    =Anote=
      ceremony led by =21=: 69.
      Citoto helmet kept in house of =21=: 95.
      East Mesa Natacka masks of Tobacco clan kept by =21=: 70.

    =Aⁿpaⁿskă=, mystery decoration of =11=: 398.

    =Anq !a´kitān= (a Tlingit clan)
      history of =26=: 412.
      names of =26=: 421.
      phratry and tribe of =26=: 399.

    =Anselmo, Lupi=, mention of =47=: 351.

    =Anskowĭ´nĭs=, a Cheyenne division =14=: 1026.

    =Ánsogíăni=
      a Kiowa _taíme_ guardian =17=: 241.
      death of =17=: 328.

    =Ánoso`te.= _See_ =Ánsogíăni=.

    =Ant=
      bed, burnt as protection against mosquitoes =38=: § 933.
      binas from =30=: 285.
      bites of, treatment for =30=: 44.
      bites of, used in ordeals =30=: 280, 281, 308 _sqq._, 339 _sq._;
        =38=: § 162, 739, 745, 746, 884.
      diseases caused by =30=: 40.
      eaten =38=: § 225.
      expression of anger =38=: § 841.
      in Pima legend =28=: 49, 50.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 214, 247.
      legends concerning =30=: 211, 263, 344.
      myths concerning =11=: 104; =19=: 452.
      omen from =30=: 275, 277.
      origin of =30=: 129.
      societies, organization of =11=: 69.
      story about =43=: 355 _sqq._
      _See also_ =Termite=.

    =Ant Bear=
      giant anteater =38=: § 166.
      claws used for whistle =38=: § 569.

    =Ant Diseases=, symptoms of =42=: 648.

    =Ant-eater=
      claw used for whistle =38=: § 569.
      legends of =30=: 220 _sq._, 225.
      nature of =30=: 369.
      used as food =30=: 297.

    =Ant Fraternity=
      medicine of =30=: 61.
      wormwood used by =30=: 42.
      _See also_ =Hä´lo`kwe=.

    =Ant Society=
      in scalp dance ceremonies =47=: 687.
      mention of =47=: 528.

    =A´ntcg̣altsu=, a Tlingit town =26=: 397, 412.

    =“Antelope,”= steamer, reference to =27=: 87.

    =Antelope Altar=
      at Cipaulovi =16=: 278.
      at Cuñopavi =16=: 287.
      at Mishongnovi =19=: 966-969.
      at Oraibi =16=: 290.
      at Walpi =19=: 980.
      characteristics of =19=: 968.
      erection of, for initiation =47=: 72.
      feather deposited on =16=: 284.
      of Tusayan, discussed =16=: 299.
      time for preparation of =16=: 275, 386.

    =Antelope Chief=, performances of =16=: 277, 284.

    =Antelope Clan=
      cacique selected from =47=: 38, 41.
      size of =47=: 35.
      _See also_ =Tcubio Clan=.

    =Antelope Dance=
      at Cipaulovi =16=: 277, 281.
      at Oraibi =16=: 292.

    =Antelope Drives= among the Kiowa =17=: 288.

    =Antelope Driveway=, description of =17=: 309.

    =Antelope Heads= at Oraibi altar =16=: 291, 307.

    =Antelope Katcinas=, association of, with Kwewû =21=: 103.

    =Antelope Priests=
      and Snake-dances =19=: 973-976.
      costume of =16=: 282.
      in Cuñopavi Snake-dance =16=: 288.
      in Walpi Snake-dance =19=: 984 _sq._
      part played by, in Antelope and Snake dances =19=: 974 _sq._
      performances of, at Oraibi =16=: 292.
      same as Tcübwimpkia =19=: 623 _sq._
      why so called =16=: 306.

    =Antelope-Snake Ceremony= of the Hopi =15=: 262

    =Antelope Society=
      census of =19=: 625.
      kiva of, at Mishongnovi =19=: 966.

    =Antelope Valley.= _See_ =Jeditch Valley=.

    =Antelopes=
      hunting of =27=: 271, 275; =46=: 535.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 217.
      myths concerning =11=: 52,64; =19=: 451.
      Pueblo implements made from bones of, described =22, i=: 94, 95.
      signs for =1=: 410.

    =Antennae= in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 81.

    =Antennaria=, species of, used medicinally =42=: 668.

    =Antennaria Microphylla= =45=: 466.

    =Antennaria Rosea= =45=: 464.

    =Antennaria sp.= =45=: 458, 464, 492.

    =Anthony, _Rev._ Albert Seqaqkind=
      information furnished by =24=: 446.
      on dice games, Delawares =24=: 70.
      on ring and pin, Delawares =24=: 537.

    =Anthropic Worship and Ritual.= _See_ =A´shiwi=, _history myth of
      the_; =Gods=, _rabbit hunt with the_; =Ki´wiᵗsiwe=, _and their
      functions_; =Ko´loowisi=, _coming of_; =Ko´tikili=, _voluntary
      initiation into_.

    =Anthropologic Archeology= =1=: 73, 74.
      data, limitation of use of =1=: 73-86.
      ethnic characteristics =1=: 76, 77.
      history, customs =1=: 76, 77.
      language =1=: 78-81.
      morphology =1=: 81, 82.
      origin of man =1=: 77, 78.
      picture writing =1=: 75.
      psychology =1=: 83, 86.
      sociology =1=: 83.

    =Anthropological Institute of New York=, pictographs published by
      =10=: 106.

    =Anthropological Society of Washington=
      cited =4=: 17.
      turtlebacks discussed before =15=: 30.

    =Anthropology=
      classification of =16=: XLVI, L, LIII, LIX, LXI.
      defined =15=: XVIII.
      development of =16=: XVI.

    =Anthropology, Physical=
      Western Eskimo, notes on =46=: 213-228, 228-250.
      Yukon =46=: 149.

    =Anthropometamorphosis= of John Bulwer quoted =3=: 77.

    =Anthropometry=
      St. Lawrence Island =46=: 30, 238, 251, 252.
      Tanana =46=: 44.
      Western Eskimo =46=: 228, 283 _sq._, 250.
      Yukon =46=: 150.

    =Anthropomorphism=, defined =11=: 520.

    =Antiche=
      Coweta chief =42=: 34.
      name interpreted =42=: 34.

    =Anticosti Island=, reference to =28=: 290.

    =Antidotes=, plants used as =44=: 328.
      _See also_ =Poison=.

    =Antigua, Mexico.=
      modern name of Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz =25=: 232, 243 _sq._
      ruins near =26=: XV.

    =Antillean=
      peoples, probable connection of, with Florida pottery =20=: 115.
      wood-carving designs, resemblance of stamp designs to =20=: 123.

    =Antilleans= =25=:
      agriculture 50-53.
      areitos 210.
      art 142, 152.
      bone carving 192 _sq._
      culture 215 _sqq._
      divination 63.
      food 48 _sqq._
      games 84 _sq._
      houses 41-47, 84.
      hunting and fishing 48 _sqq._
      language 76 _sqq._, 216.
      mortuary customs 58, 213 _sq._
      music 210.
      myths 72-76.
      narcotics 63 _sq._
      origin 215-220.
      physical characteristics 28-31, 144, 145, 213.
      religion 53 _sq._, 130.
      rites and ceremonies 64-72.
      sacrifices to gods 49.
      shell carving 192 _sq._
      tobacco 63 _sq._
      totems 59.
      voyages 207 _sq._
      weapons 35.
      _See also_ =Arawak=; =Borinqueños=; =Carib=; =Cubans=; =Haitians=;
        etc.

    =Antilles.= _See_ =Greater Antilles=; =Lower Antilles=.

    =Antilocapra Americana Mexicana=, eaten by Pima =26=: 81.

    =Antimony Mines=, reputed aboriginal work in =15=: 116.

    =Antiquities=
      absence of =46=: 413, 414.
      movable, or relics and remains =12=: 28.
      of the Menomini =14=: 6-39.
      of southern Indians, Jones quoted on =4=: 22 _sq._, 46.
      preservation of =29=: 20.

    =Antiquities, Aboriginal American, Handbook of= =40=: 17.

    =Antiquities of U. S.=, preservation of =28=: 10, 17 _sq._

    =Antiquity=
      of coiled ware and whiteware, relative =4=: 358 _sq._
      of cremation =1=: 143.
      of Eskimo =46=: 169, 181, 238.
      of gesture language =1=: 285.
      of human remains in Florida =27=: 10 _sq._
      of man =25=: 220.
      of man in America =24=: XII.
      of man in Alaska =46=: 362.
      of man, study bearing on =44=: 13 _sq._
      of remains, Little Diomede =46=: 95.
      of trephining =16=: 13, 20, 72.
      of Yukon Indians =46=: 83.

    =Antiseptics=, use of =30=: 41, 42, 46.

    =Antler=
      condition of objects of =44=: 106.
      objects of =45=: 42 _sq._
      used in stone-flaking =15=: 61, 111.
      _See also_ =Deer-antler=.

    =Anton=, aid rendered by =17=: XLII, 14.

    =Antone=, an Alabama chief =42=: 193.

    =Antonia, Maria=, information from =13=: XXXIV.

    =Antonio Azul=, Pima chief =28=: 34.

    =Antonio, Chief.= _See_ =Antonio Azul=.

    =Antonio de Ciudad Roderigo=, Franciscan provincial in Mexico =14=:
      354.

    =Antonio de Santa Maria=, Franciscan friar =14=: 474.

    =Antonio Victoria, _Friar_=, leg of, broken =14=: 482.

    =Anu=, Hopi clan, reference to =19=: 583.

    =Anŭngite=, description of =11=: 473.

    =Anvik= =46=: 136, 142, 149, 151, 177.
      discovery of =46=: 127.
      Eskimoid features at =46=: 56, 59.
      influenza at =46=: 133.
      lecture at =46=: 59.
      Mission school at =46=: 56.
      people of =46=: 57.
      population of =46=: 130, 131, 132, 134,
      sickness at =46=: 56.
      stability of village =46=: 59.
      stop at =46=: 56.

    =Anvik River=
      explorations by E. W. Nelson on =18=: 20.
      fish in =46=: 60.
      remains in =46=: 56.

    =Anvil Stones=, observed =15=: XXXIII.

    =Añwuci=, personification of, in Tcivato kiva =21=: 30.

    =Anwücnaco taka=, derivation of =21=: 125.

    =Añya=, dance of Añya Katcinas at Walpi called =21=: 45.

    =Añya Katcina=
      appearance of, in dramatization of growth of corn =21=: 93.
      appearance of, in picture of the Nakopan hoya =21=: 117.
      dance of, in Palülükoñti =21=: 50.
      introduction of, by Patki =21=: 45.
      probable derivation of, from Patki clans =21=: 94.
      public dance of, in Walpi plaza =21=: 54.
      resemblance of, to Zuñi Kokokci =21=: 94.

    =Añya Katcina Manas=, description of =21=: 93, 94.

    =Añya Katcina Masks=, resemblance of, to Hokyaña =21=: 94.

    =Añya Manas=
      resemblance of masks of, to those of Sio manas =21=: 24.
      similarity of masks of, to those of Soyal manas =21=: 24.

    =Anza=, governor of New Mexico, reference to =19=: 611.

    =Anza, _Lt. Col._ Juan Bautista de=, visit of, to Casa Grande =28=:
      57.

    =Anza Expedition=, extract from accounts of =44=: 46 _sqq._

    =Apache=
      absence of Ghost-dance among, the =14=: 805.
      arrow-chipping of, =13=: 138, 140.
      arrow making of the =14=: 275, 279.
      as enemies of the Pima =26=: 30, 165.
      as slaves =26=: 197.
      attacks by, a probable cause of abandonment of pueblos =22, i=:
        20.
      baskets used by =28=: 147.
      basketry, collection of =22, i=: XXXIX.
      character of =26=: 26.
      chungke game among the =13=: 99.
      creation myth of =26=: 239.
      depredation in Tusayan =17=: 585.
      disease caused by =26=: 265.
      earth and sky in mythology of =26=: 239.
      effect of, on Pueblo tribes =13=: 260.
      Eskimoid features among =46=: 82.
      games of the =24=:
        archery 383.
        bull-roarer 750.
        hoop and pole 420, 422, 449-457.
        stick dice 88 _sq._
      gourmandism among the =14=: 287.
      habitat of =7=: 54.
      hair of =26=: 265, 325.
      hostility of immigrants =26=: 31, 32.
      illustrations of ornamentation by =6=: 198, 213, 223.
      in Chichilticale country =13=: 296.
      in fights with Confederates =26=: 48.
      in fights with Maricopa =26=: 50.
      influence of, on Hopi removal from old Walpi =19=: 580.
      in Ghost-dance =14=: 653, 802, 805, 898.
      in Pima flood legend =28=: 51.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 213 _sqq._, 229, 366-389.
      in Pima song =26=: 335, 336.
      in Pima tales =26=: 242, 244 _sqq._, 249, 250.
      in Pima war speeches =26=: 353-362.
      inroads upon Tusayan by the =8=: 25, 26, 35.
      intermarriage =26=: 186 _sq._
      Kiowa early warfare with =14=: 1079.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 788, 822, 830, 838, 846, 854,
        860, 864, 876, 878, 880, 882 _sqq._, 888, 890, 922, 944.
      late appearance of, at Tusayan =17=: 581.
      lustration ceremonies of =26=: 204.
      medicine men of the =14=: 704.
      memoir on medicine-men of, by J. G. Bourke =9=: 433-603.
      mescal prized by =26=: 70.
      murder party of, by scalp hunters =19=: 209.
      observations among the =26=: XIX _sq._
      occupancy of Verde ruins =17=: 550, 565, 570.
      on Patki migrations =19=: 597.
      on Tusayan migrations =19=: 626.
      pictographs =28=: 197, 201.
      pictographs connected with signs =1=: 372.
      pictographs in Verde Valley =17=: 550, 556, 567, 568.
      population =7=: 56; =26=: 196.
      racing among =19=: 209.
      raids =26=: 38-66.
      raids of, on Sobaipuri, etc. =19=: 598.
      references to =28=: 34, 44, 56, 58, 61, 70, 195, 217.
      refusal of, to accept Äpiatañ’s report =14=: 914.
      smoke signals of the =1=: 538.
      Southern Cibola, exposure of, to =8=: 96.
      stone arrow-points among the =14=: 283, 284.
      stone-flaking by the =13=: 173.
      stone implements of the =14=: 256.
      study of the =16=: XXIII, XXVIII; =19=: XXIII.
      symbolic colors of =11=: 532.
      treatment of gonorrhoea by =26=: 80.
      tribal signs for =1=: 459.
      use of bullroarer by =14=: 975.
      weapons of =26=: 96.
      _See also_ =Apache Indian=.

    =Apache, Chiricahua=
      games of the =24=:
        archery 385.
        hoop and pole 429, 449.

    =Apache, Jicarilla=
      games of the =24=:
        hidden ball 345.
        hoop and pole 449.
        running races 806.
      genesis myth of the =24=: 345.
      _See also_ =Jicarilla Apache=.

    =Apache, Mescalero=
      games of the =24=:
        hoop and pole 449 _sq._
        running races 803 _sq._

    =Apache, San Carlos=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 86.
        hoop and pole 450.

    =Apache, White Mountain=
      games of the =24=:
        cat’s cradle 762 _sq._
        dice games 87-91.
        hoop and pole 450-457.

    =Apache Indian=
      charms and amulets of =10=: 502 _sq._
      color scheme of =29=: 42.
      drawings of, compared with German sketches =10=: 740.
      hair dressing of women of =10=: 755.
      izze-cloth or medicine cord of =10=: 225.
      names for =29=: 573-576.
      references to =29=: 259, 480, 536.
      time records of =10=: 258 _sq._
      visit of, to Washington =34=: 28.
      _See also_ =Apache=.

    =Apache John.= _See_ =Goñk`oñ=.

    =Apache Katcinas= among the Hopis =21=: 17.

    =Apache-Navaho=, Hawikuh destroyed by =13=: 329.

    =Apaches of Arkansas River=
      of the plains, Kiowa Apache synonyms =17=: 245.
      picture records of =17=: 142.

    =Apalache Bay=, explored by Narvaez =14=: 346.

    =Apalachee=
      application of name to Muskhogean Indians =20=: 130.
      dispersion of =42=: 48.
      enslavement of =19=: 232.
      fighting methods of =42=: 440.
      mention of =42=: 324.
      of Muskhogean stock =42=: 678.
      Seminole treated as, by Milfort =42=: 47.

    =Apalachee-Ohio Province=, pottery from =20=: 180 _sqq._

    =Apalaches=, supposed by Gallatin to be Yuchi =7=: 126.

    =Apalachi Tribe= =7=: 95.

    =Apalachicola=
      a town of refuge =42=: 252 _sq._
      alliance of, with the Creeks =42=: 39.
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 226, 270, 271.
      busk held at =42=: 585.
      clan councils of =42=: 126.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 193, 194.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 160.
      Lower Creek White town =42=: 126, 254.
      position of beds at =42=: 198.
      united with Kasihta =42=: 38.

    =Apalachicola Region=
      pottery from =20=: 110 _sqq._
      recent collections from =20=: 125.

    =Apalachucla=, ancient town of, described =12=: 655.

    =Apaläi Indians=
      ordeals of =30=: 310, 314, 315.
      sickness of =30=: 346, 350.

    =Ä´pämâ´dalte=, death of =17=: 319.

    =A´p-anĕka´ra=, Comanche name of Ghost-dance =14=: 791.

    =Apangasse=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 780.

    =A´pap.= _See_ =Red People=.

    =Áp`ätáte.= _See_ =Wóifdóĭsh=.

    =Apatite, White,= references to =29=: 580, 584.

    =Ape=
      day symbol discussed =16=: 259.
      definition of =16=: 262.
      in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 214.

    =Ä´peñ-gúădal=
      in Washita council of 1872 =17=: 190.
      surrender of =17=: 211.

    =Aphasia=, gestures in =1=: 276.

    =Aphoosa Pheeskaw=
      identification of =42=: 39.
      Kasihta name of river =42=: 37.

    =Aphrodisiacs.= _See_ =Love Charms=.

    =Apiaceae= =33=: 107.

    =Äpiatañ=
      delegate to the Messiah =17=: 221, 360, 375, 376.
      delegate to Washington =17=: 225.
      journey of, to the Sioux =14=: 908.
      Kiowa delegate to Wovoka =14=: 903, 911, 913.
      medal presented to =14=: 914.
      portrait of =14=: 912.
      pretender to Kiowa leadership =17=: 219.
      result of interview of =14=: 911.
      report of Messiah visit of =14=: 913.
      report on Messiah doctrine by =14=: 900.

    =Apingi Burial= =1=: 125, 126.

    =Apios Apios=, a sacred food plant =39=: 129.

    =A´pi`ᵗläshiwanni = _Bow priesthood_.= _See_ =Esoteric
      Fraternities=.

    =Apkhun Pass= =46=: 127.

    =Aplache=
      foot-cast-ball game of the =24=: 712.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 780.

    =Apocynum=
      Indian use of, in weaving =13=: 23.
      use of =44=: 286, 340.
      _See also_ =Dogbane=.

    =Apocynum Androsaemifolium=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      mention of =45=: 497.
      use of =44=: 286, 336, 338, 340, 356, 360, 376.
      _See also_ =Dogbane=.

    =Apocynum Cannabinum=, mention of =45=: 470, 498.

    =Apodanthera Undulata Gray= raised by Pima =26=: 91.

    =Apokak= =46=: 191.

    =Apoon Pass= =46=: 195.

    =Apoosaguntacook=
      mention of =43=: 170.
      original form and meaning of the name =43=: 173.

    =Apostolicos Afanes.= _See_ =Ortega, José=.

    =Apotheosis=, belief in =11=: 425.

    =Ápoyan tächu= of Zuñi mythology =13=: 379.

    =Appalachian=
      burial mounds of =12=: 574.
      characteristics of =12=: 573, 585.
      district, archeology of =12=: 573 _sqq._
      engraved shells of =12=: 575.
      limits of, district =12=: 573.
      mound district and mounds =5=: 10, 61-86.
      pipes of, district =12=: 573.
      southern trails of =42=: 771-775.
      stone graves of =12=: 575.
      _See also_ =Apalachee=; =Apalachee, Ohio=; =South Appalachian=.

    =Appalachian Mountains=, ancient home of the Omaha =27=: 35.

    =Appalachicola.= _See_ =Seminole, _Appalachicola Band_=.

    =Apparel.= _See_ =Clothing=.

    =Apparitions= =11=: 497.

    =Appe.= _See_ =Ape=.

    =Appearing Wolf.= _See_ =Guibadái=.

    =Apperson, _Judge_ R.=, gift from, to Peabody Museum =42=: 786.

    =Applause=, signs for =1=: 300.

    =Applegate, ----=, ethnologic specimens collected by =18=: 346.

    =Appleton’s Cyclopedia of American Biography=
      by Rev. David Brainerd =19=: 217.
      on Chief McGillivray =19=: 210.
      on Col. Benjamin Hawkins =19=: 212.
      on Col. R. J. Meigs =19=: 212.
      on General Robertson =19=: 205.
      on John Ross =19=: 114.
      on Nancy Ward =19=: 204.
      on St. Clair’s defeat =19=: 212.
      on Wayne’s victory =19=: 213.

    =Application, Practical=, of sign language =1=: 346.

    =Appointment=, records of =10=: 257 _sq._

    =Appomattox River=, quarry shop sites on =15=: 72.

    =Approbation=, sign for =1=: 286.

    =Appropriation= and expenditures for 1886-1887 =8=: XXXVI.

    =Appropriation for American Ethnology= =34=: 7; =36=: 9; =37=: 1;
      =39=: 9; =40=: 1; =42=: 1: =43=: 1; =44=: 1; =47=: 1.

    =Appropriation of Funds=, change in =16=: LXI.

    =Appun, C. F.=, sculptured rock described by =10=: 147 _sq._

    =Aprons=
      bark =38=: § 547.
      bead =38=: § 78, 549.
      cloth, cotton =38=: § 548.
      miscellaneous =38=: § 550.
      use of =45=: 69 _sq._
      worn by young girls =42=: 683.

    =A´pŭkĭ.= _See_ =Red People=.

    =Apúya.= _See_ =Snow Houses, _of Eskimo_=.

    =Aqa´thinĕ´na=, an Arapaho division 14: 957.

    =Aqkiwäsi=, genealogy of =14=: 58.

    =Aqua Baiz=, population of =26=: 21.

    =Aquaquiri.= _See_ =Guaquili=.

    =Aquarian Devices=, Seri =17=: 182*-186*.

    =Aquatasi, Aquatubi=, Awatobi synonyms =17=: 594.

    =Aquatic Burial=
      of the Alibamans, of suicides =1=: 180.
      of the Cherokees =1=: 180.
      of the Chinooks =1=: 180.
      of the Gosh-Utes =1=: 181.
      of the Hyperboreans =1=: 180.
      of the Ichthyophagi =1=: 180.
      of the Itzas =1=: 180.
      of the Kavague =1=: 180.
      of the Lotophagians =1=: 180.
      of the Obongo =1=: 180.

    =Aquatic Life= of Seriland =17=: 38 _sq._

    =Aquico= identified with Hawikuh =13=: 326.

    =Aquilegia Canadensis=
      human transportation of =32=: 59.
      mention of =32=: 82.

    =Aquilegia Formosa=, mention of =45=: 475, 507.

    =Aquilegia Truncata=, mention of =45=: 516.

    =ᴬquiu=, name for Cicuye =14=: 523.

    =Arab=
      symbols of the =4=: 222.
      tattooing among the =10=: 414.

    =Arabia Drummondii= =45=: 464.

    =Araceae= =32=: 69.

    =Arache=, province of Great Plains =14=: 529, 588.

    =Arachnid= figures on Pueblo pottery =22, i=: 81 _sqq._

    =Arae=, Indian village on Great Plains =14=: 577.

    =Arahei=, province of, on Great Plains =14=: 588.

    =Arai-Dai.= _See_ =Dia-Dia=.

    =Araiza, Victor=, attack on Seri by =17=: 88.

    =Araliaceae= =33=: 106.

    =Aralia Nudicaulis=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      mention of =45=: 471, 489.
      use of =44=: 286, 340, 350, 356, 358, 366, 376.

    =Aralia Racemosa=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 287, 334, 340, 350, 358, 362, 366.

    =Aranca Nos. 1 and 2=, Pima villages =26=: 21.

    =Arapaho=
      Algonkians =4=: 108, 109.
      at Medicine Lodge treaty =17=: 321.
      Bent’s recommendation concerning =17=: 183.
      called Blue Cloud =4=: 176.
      ceremonial smoking by the =14=: 918.
      character of =17=: 234.
      collections from the =13=: XXXIII.
      Comanche killing of =17=: 272.
      cycles of the =14=: 701.
      dance with Kiowa by =17=: 379.
      delegation of, to Wovoka =14=: 900.
      early knowledge of Messiah by =14=: 797.
      early recollection of Kiowa by =17=: 155.
      etymology of =14=: 1013.
      features of Ghost-dance among the =14=: 653, 786, 807, 817, 820,
        895, 926, 927.
      first acquaintance of Kiowa with =17=: 153.
      Flathead name for =45=: 302.
      formation of war party =4=: 139.
      friendliness of, in 1872 =17=: 202.
      friendly overtures from, in 1864 =17=: 179.
      fulfilment of treaty obligations by =17=: 213.
      games of the =24=:
        archery 384.
        buzz 751.
        dice games 50-58.
        hand game 268, 276.
        hand-and-foot ball 705.
        hoop and pole 420, 422, 430, 441 _sqq._, 445.
        ring and pin 529 _sq._, 532.
        shinny 617 _sqq._, 620.
        snow-snake 400.
        swing 730.
        tops 733.
      genesis legend of =19=: 229.
      gesture signs of =10=: 643.
      Ghost-dance among the =14=: XXXIX.
      Ghost-dance doctrine spread by =14=: 902.
      Ghost-dance studies =13=: XXXII.
      glossary of the =14=: 1012.
      habitat of the =7=: 48, 109.
      hostilities with, in 1867 =17=: 183.
      in peace council of 1872 =17=: 190.
      Kiowa friendliness toward =17=: 168.
      Kiowa killing of =17=: 274.
      Kiowa peace with =17=: 172, 275.
      knowledge of Messiah among =14=: 894.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 824, 838, 846, 848, 852,
        856, 888, 940 _sqq._
      measles among =17=: 342.
      migration of =45=: 320.
      mythology of the =24=: 619, 730.
      name of, in sign language =45=: 148.
      name of the Caddo =14=: 1092.
      name of the Cheyenne =14=: 1023.
      name of the Comanche =14=: 1043.
      name of the Ghost-dance =14=: 791.
      name of the Kiowa Apache =14=: 1081.
      name of the Sioux =14=: 1057.
      Omaha name of the =27=: 102.
      Pawnee fight with =17=: 276.
      planned uprising among =17=: 176.
      police, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      population of the =7=: 48; =14=: 957.
      prisoners, transportation to Florida =17=: 213.
      religion of the =14=: 775.
      sacred medicine of =17=: 242.
      sacred pipe of the =14=: 1063.
      sketch of the =14=: 954.
      smallpox among the =17=: 311.
      songs of the =14=: 958.
      status of, in 1859 =17=: 182.
      study of the =15=: XXXIII, LXXII, LXXX.
      symbolic representation of the =14=: 789.
      treaties with =17=: 180, 183.
      treaty agreement by, in 1865 =17=: 179.
      tribal designation of =10=: 381.
      tribal medicine of =19=: 503.
      tribal signs for =1=: 460; =14=: 954.
      tribal synonymy =14=: 953.
      visit of Äpiatañ to =14=: 911.
      visit of the, to Wovoka =14=: 774, 804, 901.
      visit to the =14=: 778.
      work among the =44=: 4.

    =Arapaho Language=
      consonantic clusters =28=: 284.
      description of =28=: 234-239.
      pronunciation of =28=: 226 _sq._
      reference to =28=: 225.
      relationship of =28=: 22, 229, 237, 280, 289, 290a.
      study of =14=: XLI.
      _See also_ =Atsina=; =Gros Ventres=; =Northern Arapaho=.

    =Arapaho Bull=, instructions given by =37=: 415.

    =Arapaho Notebooks= =36=: 28.

    =Arapaho Peyote Ceremony= =37=: 415-419.

    =Arapaho Tomahawk Dance= =25=: XIV.

    =Äräpa´kata=, Crow name of the Arapaho =14=: 953, 1014.

    =Araquaya= coiled pottery =4=: 276.

    =Aravaipa Canyon=, mortar cavities in =26=: 99.

    =Aravaipa Creek=, ruins on =29=: 16.

    =Aravaipa Valley=, field work in =22, i=: XIII.

    =Arawak Indians=
      a stationary people =34=: 52.
      anger, indications =30=: 300 _sq._
      artifacts of =34=: 55.
      as pottery makers =34=: 56, 77.
      assigned to the Greater Antilles =34=: 55.
      beliefs of the =30=: 118, 119, 120, 152, 161, 168 _sq._, 181, 187,
        229, 236, 261.
      binas of =30=: 284, 285, 286, 288.
      birthmarks of =30=: 326.
      burial customs of =30=: 155, 156, 158.
      cassava among the =30=: 230.
      courtship among =30=: 313.
      couvade, traces of, among =30=: 322, 324.
      culture of =25=: XII _sq._
      diseases prevalent among =30=: 347 _sq._
      dogs of =30=: 282 _sq._, 285.
      exterminated by the Caribs =25=: 218.
    food of the =30=: 230, 295, 297, 352.
      in Porto Rico =25=: 90.
      islands inhabited by the =34=: 51, 52.
      language of =25=: 77, 216.
      legends of the =30=: 120 _sqq._, 141 _sq._, 145 _sqq._, 150
        _sqq._, 173, 175 _sq._, 184 _sq._, 188-191, 193, 194, 203
        _sqq._, 209 _sq._, 212 _sq._, 215, 219-223, 228 _sqq._, 245
        _sq._, 257, 261, 269, 284, 316 _sqq._, 381-384.
      marriage customs of =30=: 315-319.
      medicine men of the =30=: 329, 343 _sqq._
      menstruating women among the =30=: 309.
      mortuary customs of =25=: 72.
      names of the =30=: 305 _sqq._, 345.
      natal customs of =30=: 319, 320 _sqq._, 323, 324.
      natives of Trinidad classed as 34: 64.
      omens among the =30=: 271, 274, 276 _sq._
      ordeals of the =30=: 279.
      poisoning among the =30=: 343.
      pottery of the =34=: 261.
      prehistoric objects of =25=: 141.
      probable representation of, in Florida pottery =20=: 115.
      puberty beliefs and customs of the =30=: 309, 311, 312 _sq._
      silk-cotton tree =30=: 329 _sq._
      submerged by the Carib =34=: 52, 261, 267, 268.
      talismans of the =30=: 299.
      tobacco among the =25=: 54.
      vengeance among the =30=: 356, 357 _sq._
      war with Carib Indians =30=: 383 _sq._
      words tabooed by =30=: 252, 307.
      _See also_ =Antillean=; =Tainan=; and various Arawak tribal
        names.

    =Arawanili=, identification of 30: 120.

    =Arbeca Micco=, mention of =42=: 576.

    =Arbitrary Signs= =1=: 340.

    =Arbor=, _See_ =Bed=.

    =Arbor Vitae=
      use of =44=: 293.
      use of, in purifying rites =37=: 445.
      _See also_ =Thuja Occidentalis=.

    =Arbor Vitae, Giant=, use of =45=: 461, 496, 501.

    =Arbuckle, _General_ ----=
      on adoption of Cherokee constitution =19=: 135.
      reward for capture of Tahchee offered by =19=: 141.

    =Arca.= _See_ =Noah’s Ark=.

    =Arch, John=, Bible translation by =19=: 110.

    =Arch Spring=
      near Zuñi, New Mexico, petroglyphs at =10=: 96.
      pictographs at =4=: 28.

    =Arche=, province near Quivira =14=: 503.

    =Archeologic=
      discovery made near Santa Clara =2=: 430.
      field work =13=: XXVI.
      research connected with sign language =1=: 368.

    =Archeological=
      areas and distribution of types =12=: 521-593.
      areas, the Atlantic and the Pacific =12=: 723.
      collections, character of =27=: 12.
      districts of the mound area =12=: 521-524.
      frauds, Whittlesey’s, cited =4=: 250.
      sections, primary =12=: 521-524.
      sites, catalogue of =27=: 10.

    =Archeological Association of Philadelphia=, collaboration with
      =17=: XLVI.

    =Archeological Expedition=
      to Arizona, 1895 =17=: 519-744.
      to Arizona, memoir on =17=: LXIII-LXV, LXXII _sq._

    =Archeological Explorations=
      in Arizona =22, i=: 1-195.
      permits for =27=: 11.

    =Archeological Institute of America=
      reference to =27=: 11.
      work of =29=: 19.

    =Archeological Map=
      of Colorado and New Mexico =26=: XX.
      of the United States =25=: X, XX. _sq._; =26=: XXVI _sq._

    =Archeological Objects=
      _Antillean_ =25=:
        bearing on aboriginal culture 89 _sq._, 91.
        classification of 91, 92.
        distribution of 214.
        material for 92.
        variation in types 214.
      _Mexican_ =25=:
        conclusions 284.
        from Campoalan and Xico.
          classification 251.
          general description 250 _sq._
          stone idols at Altamira 278 _sqq._
          Tampico stone idols 277 _sq._, 280.
      _See also_ names of objects, e. g., Amulets, Celts, Carved Stones,
        etc.

    =Archeological Remains=, protection of =26=: XXVI _sq._

    =Archeological Specimens=
      donated by George Goshaw =46=: 98.
      donated by Merle La Voy =46=: 102.
      donated by Lomen Brothers =46=: 117.
      donated by Thomas Berryman =46=: 99.
      placed on deposit =46=: 115.

    =Archeological Work of the Bureau of American Ethnology= =42=: 2
      _sq._; =43=: 1-4.

    =Archeology=
        eastern, work in =15=: XXI, XXV, XXVIII, XXXIII, XXXVII, XLII,
        XLVII, LI, LV, LIX, LXIII, LXVI.
      in relation to ethnology =28=: 42.
      limitations to the use of, in study of anthropology =1=: 73, 74.
      of the Winnebago =37=: 76-103.
      report on, of Lower Mimbres Valley =36=: 11.
      summary of work in =15=: LXXIII.
      supplementary to history =15=: 20.
      western, work in =15=: XXI, XXV, XXVIII, XXXIII, XXXVII, XLIII,
        XLVII, LII, LVI, LX, LXIII, LXVI.
      work in =14=: XXXIV; =16=: XIX, XX, XXII, XXIII, XXVII, XXX, XXXV,
        XXXVIII, XL, XLIII, XLVII, L, LVI, LXVI-LXIX; =17=: XLV-XLVIII.

    =Archeology, American=
      interest in =41=: 25 _sq._
      researches in =41=: 3.

    =Archeology of Alaska=   =46=: 33, 84, 88, 101, 102, 149, 181.
      Barrow =46=: 106, 206.
      Bering Sea =46=: 168.
      Bonasila =46=: 142, 144.
      Burchell’s =46=: 46.
      Kevalina =46=: 100, 204.
      Kotzebue =46=: 100.
      “mounds” near Barrow =46=: 319.
      Point Hope =46=: 102, 205, 206.
      St. Lawrence Island =46=: 210.
      St. Michael Island =46=: 170.
      Seward Peninsula =46=: 202.
      Shishmaref =46=: 202.
      Tanana =46=: 43.
      Wainwright =46=: 106.
      Wales =46=: 93, 197.
      western Eskimo region =46=: 165, 167, 362, 363, 366.
      workmanship =46=: 173.
      Yukon =46=: 73, 81, 84, 129, 134, 135, 144.

    =Archery=
      games, general account of =24=: 383.
      games, played by the =24=:
        Apache 383, 385.
        Arapaho 384.
        Assiniboin 383, 391.
        Cheyenne 384.
        Chipewyan 385.
        Crows 383, 391, 529.
        Dakota 392, 393, 394.
          Oglala 383, 391 _sq._
          Teton 383, 392 _sq._
        Eskimo 383, 386 _sqq._
        Gros Ventres 383, 384, 529.
        Haida 395.
        Hopi 383, 390.
        Iowa 394.
        Keres 388.
        Kiowa 388.
        Makah 383, 395, 396.
        Mandan 393.
        Missouri 394.
        Montagnais 383, 384 _sq._
        Navaho 383, 385 _sq._
        Omaha 383, 393, 394.
        Oto 394.
        Pawnee 383, 386, 389.
        Pima 389.
        Ponka 383, 394.
        Potawatomi 383, 385.
        Shuswap 383, 390.
        Tarahumare 383, 389.
        Tewa 383, 390, 395.
        Thompson Indians 383, 390.
        Topmagugim 388.
        Washo 396.
        Wichita 386.
        Zuñi 383, 396-399.
      implements of the Seri =17=: 198*-200*.
      Indian =11=: 313.
      Omaha skill in =3=: 291.
      Seri =17=: 197*, 255* _sq._

    =Archery Posture=
      African =17=: 201*, 202*.
      Seri =17=: 200* _sq._
      von Bayer’s photograph of =17=: 106.

    =Archi-magnus.= _See_ =Fire-maker=.

    =Architectural=
      nomenclature =8=: 220, 223.
      terms of the Zuñi =13=: 356.

    =Architecture=
      adaptation to defense =8=: 226, 227.
      adaptation to environment =8=: 225, 226, 227, 228.
      affected by flora =33=: 57.
      cliff dwellings =13=: 344.
      comparison of constructional details of Tusayan and Cibola =8=:
        100-203.
      influence of, on pottery =20=: 86.
      of ancient Verde pueblos =13=: 185.
      of cliff ruins =16=: 153.
      of Casa Grande =28=: 72 _sqq._, 154 _sq._
      of Gila-Salt Compounds =28=: 150 _sqq._, 156.
      of the Menomini =14=: 253.
      of the mound builders =12=: 660-666.
      Pima =26=: 25, 153-157.
      Pueblo, character of =16=: 193.
      Pueblo, development, of =16=: 193.
      Pueblo, modifying influences on =19=: 640-644, 646 _sqq._
      Pueblo type of, evolution of =22, i=: 193 _sqq._
      Stone Age, of America and Europe compared =34=: 54.
      Zuñi, evolution of =13=: 363.
      _See also_ =Houses=.

    =Archuleta, Juan Antonio=, reference to =29=: 168.

    =Arcs Plats=, a synonym of Kutenai =14=: 731.

    =Arctic Circle= =46=: 100.

    =Arctic Coast=
      archeology of the =46=: 32.
      old sites of the =46=: 203.

    =Arctic Eskimo=
      crania of =46=: 257, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264.
      facial angle of =46=: 266.
      nose measurements of =46=: 268.
      of the north =46=: 227, 256, 357.

    =Arctic Highlanders=
      mention of =23=: XII.
      _See also_ =Ita Arivaca Valley=, _ancient population of_.

    =Arctium Minus=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      mention of =33=: 135.
      of recent introduction =33=: 59.
      use of =44=: 289, 340, 377.

    =Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      mention of =45=: 458, 486, 493, 494, 495, 514.
      use of =44=: 287, 307, 318, 336, 376, 377.

    =Ardnainiq=, fabulous tribe in Eskimo tradition =6=: 640.

    =Areitos=
      character of =25=: 37, 38, 68 _sq._, 83, 84.
      in marriage ceremonies =25=: 48, 65.
      in mortuary ceremonies =25=: 65, 68 _sq._, 70, 83, 84.
      musical accompaniment =25=: 210.
      plazas =25=: 83 _sq._
      _See also_ =Antillean=; =Dances=.

    =Arekuna Indians=
      comets among =30=: 359.
      ordeals among the =30=: 278, 281.
      vengeance among the =30=: 357.

    =Arellano, Tristan de=
      appointment of, as captain =14=: 477.
      arrival of, at Cibola and Tiguex =14=: 492, 494, 510.
      at Corazones =14=: 485.
      command of, in Coronado’s army =14=: 391, 481, 572, 577, 581.
      foundation of Corazones by =17=: 53.
      lieutenant to Coronado =14=: 508.

    =Arenal=, population of =26=: 21.

    =Areneños=, field study of =22, i=: XI.

    =Arequipa, Peru=, petroglyphs near =10=: 157 _sqq._

    =Argentina=
      acknowledgments to officials of =18=: XXIX.
      character of pottery of =20=: 20.
      field work in =21=: IX, XI, XVIII.
      researches in =30=: 11-15.

    =Argentine Republic=, petroglyphs in =10=: 157.

    =Argillite=
      defined =13=: 58.
      distribution of =15=: 73.
      implements of, discussed =15=: 89.
      quarries, location of =15=: 78.
      source of, for implements =15=: 140.

    =Argyle, Duke of=, on gestures of Fuegans =1=: 293.

    =Argyle Midden= =34=: 92.

    =Arickara=
      beliefs, reference to =11=: 403.
      ceremonial of the =11=: 437.
      mention of the =4=: 100, 101.
      _See also_ =Arikara=.

    =Aridity=, effect of, on practice of potter’s art =20=: 23.

    =Arikara _or_ Ree Indians=
      a branch of the Pawnee =4=: 105.
      at war with the Dakotas and U. S. =4=: 111 _sq._
      Chungke game among the =13=: 99.
      conventional device of, for dead men =10=: 660.
      corrupt form of Arikaree =4=: 100.
      customs of the =24=: 58.
      decorating and coloring of skins by =10=: 220.
      early contact with Omaha =27=: 74, 75-78.
      games of the 24:
        dice games 97 _sq._
        double ball 657.
        hand game 276.
        hoop and pole 461 _sq._
        popgun 758.
        shinny 624.
      Ghost dance among the =14=: 817.
      habitat of the =7=: 60; =17=: 158.
      habits of the =17=: 158.
      hunting and other pictographs of the =10=: 537, 538.
      influence on Omaha =27=: 102, 112.
      killed =4=: 209-214.
      Kiowa horse trade with =17=: 251.
      Kiowa intercourse with =17=: 156.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 786, 852, 900.
      manufacture of pottery by =20=: 195.
      mention of =3=: XXIII.
      migration of =46=: 405.
      mythology of the =24=: 624.
      Omaha name for =27=: 102.
      party to peace conference =27=: 74, 218, 376.
      pictographs on wood by =10=: 214.
      pictography =4=: 48, 50, 59, 186, 187, 240.
      population of =7=: 62.
      pottery of =46=: 413.
      property marks of =4=: 182; 10: 441.
      removal of, on account of smallpox =17=: 311.
      sign of achievement by =10=: 436.
      smallpox among =17=: 275.
      source of Wa´waⁿ pipes =27=: 47.
      symbol of =4=: 60, 213 _sq._, 231.
      tribal designations of =10=: 381-385.
      tribal sign for =1=: 461.
      visited by Lahontan =15=: 190.
      _See also_ =Arickara=.

    =Arisaema Triphyllum= =33=: 69.

    =Arison, William=
      petroglyph copied by =4=: 225.
      pictograph copied by =10=: 111.

    =Arispa=
      settlement of =14=: 515.
      visit of Coronado to =14=: 585.

    =Aristocracy= among Chitimacha =42=: 695.

    =Aristolochia Serpentaria,= medicinal use of =42=: 667.

    =Arivaypa Creek= in Arizona =14=: 387.

    =Arizona=
      aboriginal remains in =13=: XXXVII, XLIV, LI, 185-261.
      adobe of =14=: 520.
      age of ruins of =28=: 150.
      antiquities of =28=: 17.
      archaeologic work in =13=: XXVIII; =15=: XXI _sq._, XXV, XXVIII,
        XXXVII, XLIII, XLVII, LXVI, LXX, LXXVI; =28=: 13, 18.
      archaeological expedition to, in 1895 =17=: 519-744.
      archaeological explorations in, account of =22, i=: 1-195.
      archaeological explorations in, plan of, for 1897 =22, i=: 121
        _sqq._
      as cultural centre =28=: 157.
      _Central_ =28=:
        cliff dwellings 151.
        collections from 20.
        dual composition of ruins 151.
        fetish from 122.
        national monuments in 18.
      cliff ruins of Canyon de Chelly =16=: 73-198.
      coiled ware from =4=: 279.
      collections made in, by Dr. Russell =22, i=: XXX.
      character of pottery from =20=: 20.
      earthquake in =26=: 60.
      explorations in =5=: XXIII, XXIV; =11=: XXVII.
      field work in =20=: IX, X _sq._; =22, i=: IX, XI, XIII; =23=:
        IX, XVI, XVIII.
      first garrison =26=: 28.
      first permanent Spanish residents =26=: 28.
      effigy vases from, description of =22, i=: 189-192.
      hammer stones in ruins =26=: 111.
      masks from =3=: 105.
      military posts in =17=: 381.
      mortar cavities found in =26=: 99.
      national monuments of =29=: 20.
      _Northern_ =28=:
        dual composition of ruins 151.
        fabrics from ruins 148.
        pottery 137, 139.
        shell work 144.
      office work on collections from =22, i=: XVII, XXIII.
      office work on material from =20=: IX.
      paper on explorations in =40=: 17.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 48-51, 476, 512, 682 _sq._
      pictographs on person =4=: 61.
      petrified forests in, habitations in =22, i=: 135 _sq._
      pottery =4=: 291, 353-358.
      pottery in, distribution of =22, i=: 192 _sq._
      puma found in =26=: 81.
      reference to =27=: 8; =30=: 11.
      report on collections from =19=: XIX, _sq._
      researches in =28=: 9.
      rock carvings in =4=: 28 _sqq._, 222, 228, 245.
      ruins in southern part of =26=: 25.
      ruins of central and northern, objects of value obtained from
        =23=: 18.
      shells among aborigines =28=: 143.
      _Southern_ =28=:
        cliff houses 151.
        lacking in modern pueblos 152.
        pictographs 214.
        pottery 139.
      telegraph lines in =26=: 54.
      “‘Two Summers’ Work in Pueblo Ruins in,” paper by J. W. Fewkes
          =22, i=: 1-195.
        characterization of =22, i=: XLIII.
      visited by Smohalla =14=: 719.
      _Western_ =28=:
        early explorations in 186.
        pictographs 214.
      work in =7=: XVIII, XXV-XXVIII; =10=: XVII; =19=: XIII _sq._;
        =29=: 10, 14 _sqq._, 20.
      _See also_ =Cliff Dwellings=; =Navaho=.

    =Arizpa del Aqua=, Pima village =26=: 21.

    =Arizpe.= _See_ =Arispa=.

    =Ark, Sacred=
      a war medicine =42=: 503.
      carried in war =42=: 408, 425, 705.
      contents of =42=: 425.
      description of =42=: 411 _sq._
      place of, in ceremony =42=: 422.

    =Arkansas=, identified with Kwapa =15=: 193.

    =Arkansas=
      abundance of pottery in =20=: 80.
      ancient works and antiquities in =12=: 198, 199, 203-225, 227
        _sqq._, 233-237.
      boat-shape stones from =13=: 124.
      celts from =13=: 74-82.
      chipped flints from =13=: 145-150, 176.
      chisels from =13=: 83, 84.
      City, mound near =12=: 227, 237, 240.
      Clark County, Triggs mound and ancient works in =12=: 247.
      clay-plastered house in =20=: 37.
      Clayton mounds, Jefferson County =12=: 242.
      collection from =19=: XXI.
      collections of pottery from =3=: 476 _sqq._
      Corning group near =12=: 198.
      County ancient pottery =3=: 476-485.
      County, Menard mounds =12=: 229, 230.
      Craighead County, Carpenters Landing, mound at =12=: 200.
      Craighead County, Webb group =12=: 201.
      Desha County, old (French) port and mounds =12=: 237, 239, 241.
      discoidal stones from =13=: 101-108.
      distribution of stone art =13=: 60.
      district, archeology of =12=: 586-590.
      Drew County, antiquities of =12=: 239, 241, 242.
      explorations in =12=: 233.
      eastern, special ceramic groups in =20=: 81.
      fabric-impressed pottery from =13=: 42.
      flakes from =13=: 173, 174.
      gorgets from =13=: 118, 120.
      Greene County, Babcock mounds =12=: 200.
      grooved adzes from =13=: 65, 67, 70.
      Jefferson County, De Soto mound =12=: 243.
      Jefferson County, mounds in =12=: 242.
      Lee County, Greer’s mound =12=: 231.
      life forms from =20=: 94, 95.
      Lincoln County, mounds in =12=: 241.
      military posts in =17=: 382.
      Mississippi County, Frenchman’s Bayou, mounds on =12=: 221.
      Mississippi County, Jackson and Sherman mounds =12=: 222, 223.
      Monroe County, ancient pottery =3=: 486-489.
      mortars from, described =13=: 97.
      mounds in =5=: 11; =12=: 200, 226, 229, 231, 237 _sqq._
      novaculite quarries in =13=: XXVII; =14=: XXXV.
      occurrence of salt-making vessels in =20=: 28.
      Ouachita County, antiquities of =12=: 248.
      paint-mortars from =13=: 93.
      paint-stones from =13=: 115.
      paper on pottery of =20=: 87.
      peculiar animal form found in =20=: 107.
      pestles from =13=: 89, 90.
      Phillips County, Rogers mound =12=: 236.
      pipes of =20=: 141.
      plummets from, described =13=: 111, 113.
      Poinsett County =12=: 207, 209, 212, 213-218.
      Poplar Bluff, mounds near =12=: 193.
      pottery from =4=: 378-392, 394-398, 399-410, 413-426, 448; =20=:
        88 _sq._, 90 _sqq._, 94, 95, 96.
      possible borrowing of decorative art of, from Pueblos =20=: 52.
      Pulaski County, Mound Lake, mounds on bank of =12=: 243.
      Pulaski County, Thiboult mounds =12=: 245.
      pumice rubbing-stone from =13=: 94.
      region, decoration in color of pottery of =20=: 67.
      Saline County, antiquities of =12=: 245.
      Saline County, Benton and Hughes, mounds near =12=: 246.
      sites for houses and cemeteries in =12=: 231.
      spades from =13=: 135, 136.
      spool-shaped ornaments from =13=: 125.
      spuds from =13=: 110.
      stemless perforators from =13=: 166, 167.
      stemmed flints from =13=: 151-164.
      stemmed perforators from =13=: 167, 168.

    =Arkansas Cherokee=
      conference with Osage by =19=: 105.
      fixing of boundaries to lands of =19=: 105.
      friction between main band and =19=: 133, 135, 147, 148.
      history of =19=; 77, 102, 136-143.
      request of, for recognition as a separate tribe =19=: 105.
      union of, with main band =19=: 135.
      visit of Sequoya to =19=: 110.

    =Arkansas Post=, bowls from =20=: 88 _sq._

    =Arkansas River=
      abundance of pottery along =20=: 23.
      cession to Cherokee of tract on =19=: 102 _sq._
      exchange of tract on =19=: 139.
      followed by Coronado =14=: 397.
      lower towns on =42=: 333.
      references to =27=: 57, 67.
      settlement of Cherokee on =19=: 102.

    =Arkansas State=, references to =27=: 57, 74.

    =Arkansas Territory=, Creek removal to =42=: 505.

    =Arm=
      clothing of Eskimo =9=: 123 _sqq._
      positions, outlines of, in sign language =1=: 545.
      Serian and Yuman names for =17=: 330* _sqq._
      stretch, Eskimo =46=: 239.
      stretch, Western Eskimo =46=: 251.

    =Arm Bands=, description of =47=: 871.

    =Arm Rings=, materials used for =45=: 83.

    =Armadillo=
      associated with snake =38=: § 165.
      basketry patterns =38=: § 431 _sqq._.
      bina for =30=: 282, 368.
      carved from seeds =38=: § 535.
      charms made from =30=: 368.
      habits of =30=: 368.
      hunted by Guiana Indians =38=: § 165.
      omens obtained from =30=: 274.

    =Armas, ----=, on Carib cannibalism =25=: 50.

    =Armenia=
      colors used for mourning in =10=: 630.
      inscriptions on tombstones in =10=: 524.

    =Armlets=
      Eskimo ceremonial =18=: 416, 418, 420.
      from Chevlon, figures showing =22, i=: 89, 90.
      _See also_ =Arm Bands=.

    =Armor=
      absence of, among the Omaha =13=: 287.
      among Southern Indians =42=: 438 _sq._
      find of European =21=: X.
      made of rods and slats or hides =31=: 53.
      of the Eskimo =18=: 330.
      of the Pawnee =13=: 288.
      use of =45=: 117.
      used by Padouca =27=: 79.
      _See also_ =Cuirasses=; =Shields=.

    =Armstrong, _Agent_=, at Port Gibson council =17=: 169.

    =Armstrong, ----=, =46=: 218, 219.

    =Armstrong, ----=, superintendent of Pima schools =26=: 34.

    =Armstrong, F. W.=, commissioner to extinguish Cherokee title 5:
      241.

    =Armstrong, James=, visit of Kickapoo delegation to =14=: 699.

    =Armstrong, John=
      annalist =21=: 137.
      Seneca cosmological myth related by =24=: XVIII.
      Seneca informant =32=: 50, 52.

    =Armstrong, Perry A.=, on meaning of Sauk and Fox tribal names
      =19=: 1050.

    =Armstrong, R. B.=, prayer-stick in possession of =14=: 699.

    =Armstrong, R. H.=, aid of, acknowledged =5=: 130.

    =Armstrong, S.=, reservation of lot on farm of =18=: 776.

    =Armstrong, Thomas=
      cited =12=: 673.
      on Wisconsin mounds =5=: 16.

    =Armstrong, W. H.=, cited on Hawaiian phonetics =11=: 364.

    =Armstrong, William=
      commissioner to treat with Cherokee =5=: 298, 305.
      plan of, for adjusting Cherokee differences =5=: 304.

    =Army Medical Museum=
      mention of =46=: 235.
      tattooed heads in =4=: 75.

    =Army of the West=, conquest by =16=: 79.

    =Arnica Latifolia= =45=: 473.

    =Arnold, _Mrs._ L. B.=
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      adoption of Sioux child by =14=: 880.

    =Arny, W. F. M.=
      on Pojoaque =29=: 335.
      on Sandia =29=: 527.
      on Taos =29=: 180.

    =Aroko=, or symbolic letters of West Africa =10=: 371-374.

    =Arolik= =46=: 191.

    =Arouages=, an ancient Antillean race =25=: 219.

    =Arriaga, José de=, cited on Indian medicine-men =9=: 594.

    =Arricivita, J. D.=
      on Bernabe mission =17=: 80, 81.
      on Pimería, quoted by Buschmann =26=: 76.
      on Seri relations =17=: 82.

    =Arrangement=
      in description of signs =1=: 546.
      of Tewa ethnographical material =29=: 37 _sq._

    =Arrow=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 61, 66, 69, 72,
        75, 76, 78, 81, 82, 90, 91, 98, 99, 103, 106, 108, 110, 111,
        113.
      embedded in body, extraction of =32=: 416.
      in Tusayan ceremony =15=: 281, 285.
      leaf used in withdrawing from body =32=: 535.
      making by Arizona tribes =14=: 275.
      medicine, ceremony of =14=: 1026
      mention of =33=: 660; =38=: § 134-144, 146, 190, 759, 764.
      of Chesapeake tribes =15=: 85.
      Seri, construction of =17=: 197* _sq._
      Seri, decoration of =17=: 175*.
      Seri, genesis of =17=: 198* _sq._
      Seri, relation to harpoon and fire-drill of =17=: 198* _sq._
      supernatural =31=: 451.
      symbolism of the =24=: 33, 213 _sqq._, 227 _sqq._, 335 _sq._
      use of, by Hopi katcinas =21=: 85, 86.
      use of =17=: 225* _sq._
      use in magic =32=: 317.

    =Arrow Ceremony= =36=: 145.

    =Arrow Clan=
      native names for =42=: 116.
      _See also_ =Pakab Clan=.

    =Arrow-flaking= by the Powhatan =15=: 62.

    =Arrow Games=
      description of =45=: 132 _sq._
      of the Arapaho =14=: 962.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 246.
      of the Mandan =24=: 393.
      of the Nenenot =11=: 312.
      of the Sia =11=: 60.
      study of =15=: LXIV, LXVII; =16=: LXXV.
      use of, in ceremonial =11=: 122.

    =Arrow Order.= _See_ =Sho´tikĭanna=.

    =Arrow Points=
      and spearheads from Chiriqui =6=: 34.
      as fetishes =47=: 278.
      burial of shards resembling, Florida peninsula =20=: 119.
      distribution of =15=: 142.
      Eskimo =18=: 159, 161.
      in graves at Sikyatki =14=: 519.
      in Wisconsin mounds =14=: 38.
      iron, of the Seri =17=: 247* _sq._
      ivory, below Paimute =46=: 67.
      ivory, Bonasila =46=: 60, 135.
      ivory, Eskimo territory =46=: 173.
      ivory, Ghost Creek =46=: 63.
      materials used for =15=: 85.
      modern stone =14=: 281.
      of Arizona tribes =14=: 256.
      of stones from Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 103.
      stone =46=: 173.
      stone, Eskimo method of making =18=: 91.
      stone, of the Seri =17=: 198*, 246* _sq._
      what constitutes =15=: 83.
      _See also_ =Projectile Points=.

    =Arrow Poison= =38=: § 123, 217.
      Seri, characters of =17=: 256*-259*.
      travelers’ accounts of =17=: 54, 78, 87, 97, 100, 101, 102, 103,
        105.

    =Arrow Polishers= from Pueblo Viejo ruins, description and figures
      of =22, i=: 182, 183.

    =Arrow-shaft=
      polishers from Awatobi =17=: 611, 731.
      polishers from Casa Grande =28=: 126.
      polishers in Sikyatki graves =17=: 731.
      straighteners, Eskimo =18=: 88 _sq._
      straightening =13=: 126.

    =Arrow Smoothers=, stone =45=: 40.

    =Arrow-spearing Game= =24=: 437.

    =Arrow Tightener= of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 130.

    =Arrow Trap= =38=: § 160.

    =Arrowbush=
      bark as a Pima medicine =26=: 79.
      in basketry =20=: 134.

    =Arrowhead=
      use of =44=: 292, 319.
      _See also_ =Sagittaria Latifolia=.

    =Arrowheads=
      application of the term =41=: 317, 321.
      authorship of =37=: 86 _sq._
      beveled, use of =13=: 177.
      blunt, and scrapers compared =13=: 169.
      blunt, description of =13=: 169.
      chipping of, discussed =13=: 138, 140.
      chipping of, time necessary for =13=: 142.
      classification of =44=: 94 _sq._
      definition of =13=: 142.
      description of =44=: 97-101; =45=: 100.
      designs =41=: 317, 321, 343 _sq._, 422 _sqq._
      distribution of =37=: 79.
      flint, at Licking Reservoir =44=: 513.
      found in mound =41=: 575.
      from Awatobi =17=: 618, 625.
      in Sikyatki graves =17=: 731, 740.
      kilt worn by Man-Eagle =17=: 692 _sq._
      materials used for =42=: 692.
      mention of, from Casa Grande =28=: 130.
      method of flaking =13=: 150.
      nomenclature of =13=: 143.
      of America and Europe compared =13=: 58.
      of California Indians =13=: 143.
      of volcanic glass =22, i=: 183.
      stone =45=: 42.
      types of =37=: 88.
      variety of =45=: 241.

    =Arrowleaf= =33=: 65.

    =Arrows=
      bow and, use of =30=: 314 _sq._, 361 _sq._
      broken =30=:
        castigation with 210, 362.
        charm from 214, 273.
        legends of 213 _sq._
        used by spirits 361 _sq._
      carried in wooden quiver =31=: 50.
      ceremony connected with =39=: 233 _sq._, 364 _sq._
      connected with sacred pole =27=: 228, 242, 247.
      description of =45=: 99 _sq._
      each Omaha has his own set of =3=: 291.
      Eskimo =18=: 157, 161.
      five types of =37=: 110.
      flaming, use of =42=: 439.
      game played with =38=: § 609, 610; =42=: 468; =46=: 570.
      in declaration of war =4=: 87, 88.
      in Menomini myth =14=: 196.
      in Shell Society ceremony =28=: 562, 564.
      lucky, legend of =30=: 214.
      making and exchange of, in Guiana =13=: 139.
      manufacture of =27=: 449-452; =38=: § 128-133.
      marking of =27=: 42, 43, 452.
      mission of =30=: 362.
      mystic =45=: 675.
      mystic, in Menomini myth =14=: 196.
      of the Cheyenne =14=: 1024.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 201-207.
      of the Menomini =14=: 274.
      origin of =27=: 70.
      protection against spirits by =30=: 293 _sq._
      sacred, of the Cheyenne =13=: 116; =17=: 242.
      sacred, in Sioux ceremony =14=: 823.
      sacred, in Sioux Ghost-dance =14=: 788, 915, 916.
      songs of the =39=: 233 _sq._, 364-369.
      shot upward =30=: 361.
      spirally feathered =13=: 178.
      spirit, diseases due to =30=: 352, 356, 361.
      symbolic use of =39=: 207, 234, 364 _sq._
      symbolism of, in Ghost-dance =14=: 789.
      tools used by Eskimo in making =18=: 85.
      toy, wax tips of =30=: 276.
      used by Padouca =27=: 79.
      used for hunting sea otter =31=: 50.
      used in gaming =14=: 245.
      woods used for making =42=: 692.
      _See also_ =Arrow=; =Bow and Arrow=.

    =Arrows and Bow=
      finding of, at Chevlon =22, i=: 100.
      used in buffalo hunting =46=: 542.

    =Arrows, Seven Symbolic=, story of =36=: 156.

    =Arrowsmith, A.=
      on influence of wild rice on geographic nomenclature =19=: 1116,
        1117, 1121.
      on Jemez =29=: 402.
      on San Cristóbal =29=: 486.
      on Santa Ana =29=: 521.
      on Taos =29=: 182.
      on territory of “Wild-rice Indians” =19=: 1042.

    =Arrowwood=
      use of =44=: 294.
      _See also_ =Viburnum Acerifolium=.

    =Art=
      antiquity of shell works of =2=: 187.
      burial and shell works of =2=: 187.
      curvilinear =46=:
        Bering Sea 174.
        Eskimo 363.
        fossil ivory 362, 363.
        Paleolithic and Europe, resemblances to that of Bering Sea 175.
      evolution of =2=: 185, 192, 202, 210, 213, 225.
      inception of =2=: 186.
      influenced by material =15=: 23.
      lessons of northern ware concerning development of =20=: 146.
      materials employed in =2=: 185, 188.
      memoir on, in shell of the ancient Americans =2=: 179-304.
      memoir on, etc., discussed =2=: XXXIV.
      modern Italian, exhibiting gestures =1=: 292.
      of the Eskimo, incised patterns =9=: 389 _sqq._
      of the Eskimo, painting =9=: 390 _sqq._
      of the Eskimo, carving in various materials =9=: 392.
      of the Eskimo, carving of human figures =9=: 373-398.
      of the Eskimo, carvings of quadrupeds =9=: 398-401, 406 _sq._
      of the Eskimo, carvings of whales =9=: 402-406.
      of the Eskimo, carvings of various objects =9=: 406-409.
      of the Eskimo, pencil drawings =9=: 410.
      preservation of shell works of =2=: 186.
      primitive symbolic types of, among peoples of Walpi, study of =22,
        i=: XVII _sq._
      Pueblo =4=: 266.
      Pueblo, review, cited on coiled ware =4=: 279.
      purposes of study of products of =20=: 18.
      remains in Palatki and Honanki =17=: 569.
      remains of cliff and cave dwellers =13=: 351.
      remains of Potomac-Chesapeake province =15=: 20, 146.
      stone, influenced by geology =15=: 137.
      stone, memoir on =13=: 47-148.
      textile, memoir on =13=: 3-45.
      textile and fictile, degree of Pueblo advancement in =8=: 227.
      Tsimshian, geometric, essentially woman’s =31=: 57.
      Tsimshian, realistic, essentially man’s =31=: 56 _sq._
      _See also_ =Arts=.

    =Art Products=, classification of =14=: XXXVII.

    =Artemisia Absinthium=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 287, 362.

    =Artemisia Canadensis= =45=: 470.

    =Artemisia Dracunculoides=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      mention of =33=: 134; =45=: 463, 512.
      use of =44=: 287, 325, 338, 344, 350, 356, 362.

    =Artemisia Frigida=
      mention of =33=: 134; =45=: 465, 497.
      use of =44=: 287, 336, 356, 364.

    =Artemisia Gnaphalodes=
      mention of =33=: 134.
      use of =44=: 287, 366, 376.

    =Artemisia sp.= =45=: 468, 469, 500, 510.

    =Artemisia Tridentata=, use of =45=: 459.

    =Arthur, Gabriel=, reference to =42=: 736.

    =Artichoke, Jerusalem.= _See_ =Jerusalem Artichoke=.

    =Article Pronouns= in Indian languages =1=: 9, 10.

    =Articles=
      made by Navaho silversmiths =2=: 171, 176.
      of European manufacture recovered from mound =48=: 4.

    =Articles of Confederation=, regulation of Indian Affairs in =18=:
      639 _sq._

    =Articulate Speech= preceded by gesture =1=: 274, 284.

    =Artifacts=
      conclusions drawn from =41=: 613.
      condition of =44=: 72.
      description of =44=: 72, 168.
      from mound =41=: 575.
      of the Seri, classes of =17=: 248* _sq._
      Pima =26=:
        architecture 153-157.
        basketry 113, 131-148.
        clothing 157 _sq._
        cultural importance 95.
        fiber and leather 113-124.
        pottery 124-131.
        stone 95, 108-112.
        textiles 148-153.
        wood 95-108.
      _See also_ =Implements=; =Utensils=.

    =Artificial=
      Articulation =1=: 275, 307.
      flowers, appearance of, in apparel of Hopi katcinas =21=: 85.
      objects, pictographs on =10=: 215 _sqq._

    =Artillery=
      substitutes for, devised by Spaniards =14=: 500.
      use of, at Chiametla =14=: 481.
      use of, by Indians =14=: 524.
      use of, in exploring expeditions =14=: 546.

    =Artiplex Coronata Wats.=, Pima food plant =26=: 69.

    =Artiplex Elegans Dietrich=, Pima food plant =26=: 69.

    =Artiplex Lentiformis=
      in Pima basketry =26=: 135.
      Pima food plant =26=: 78.
      Pima medicinal plant =26=: 80.

    =Artiplex Nuttallii=, Pima food plant =26=: 77.

    =Artiplex Polycarpa= in Pima basketry =26=: 135.

    =Artiplex sp.=
      Pima food plant =26=: 73.
      _See also_ =Saltbushes=.

    =Artist in Ancient Pottery=, freedom of =4=: 279.

    =Arts=
      aboriginal, plan of director of Bureau of American Ethnology for
        monographs on =20=: 16.
      ceramic, among the Eskimo =11=: 259.
      ceramic, among the Nenenot =11=: 297.
      ceramic, among the Sia =11=: 60.
      determination of culture status of peoples by =20=: 22.
      Eskimo =18=: XXXIV, 196-205.
      factors controlling =20=: 22 _sq._
      implements used by Eskimo in =18=: 116.
      of Cibola and Tusayan closely related =8=: 224.
      of Siouan tribes =15=: 170.
      phonetic and graphic =15=: 168.
      plants used in =44=: 377.
      primitive, egoism reflected in =19=: 832.
      restrictions on =30=: 292, 302 _sqq._
      structural, among the Sia =11=: 23.
      use of pottery in, by American aborigines =20=: 25.
      value of pottery in study of =20=: 18, 19.
      _See also_ =Esthetology=; =Esthetic Arts=; =Fine Arts=.

    =Aruba Island, _West Indies_=, petroglyphs in =10=: 139 _sq._

    =Arum=, poison from =38=: § 735.

    =Aruncas Acuminatus= =45=: 457.

    =Arureso Bird=, legend concerning =30=: 226.

    =Arvide, Martin de=, killed by the Zuñi =13=: 327, 328.

    =Aryan Problem= =20=: CLXIII _sq._

    =Asa=
      language of the =8=: 37.
      houses of, Hano =8=: 61.
      migration of the =8=: 30, 31; =17=: 622.
      people join the Hopi =17=: 578.
      settle at Sichomovi =17=: 578.

    =Asa Clan=
      affiliation of, with Zuñi =21=: 29.
      celebration of advent of katcinas of, in Pamürti =21=: 57.
      dramatization of return of ancients of =21=: 16.
      house of, display of masks in =21=: 28.
      house of, entrance of Pamürti procession into =21=: 27, 28.
      introduction of East Mesa Natackas into Tusayan by =21=: 71.
      katcina return dance of the =21=: 62.
      Kokopelli introduced by =21=: 86.
      mention of =21=: 61, 62.
      or Tcakwaina Clans, migrations and census of =19=: 610-613.
      origin of =21=: 26.
      participation of, in Pamürti ceremony =21=: 21.
      representation of return of ancients of =21=: 26-29.

    =Asa (Tansy-Mustard) Clan=, advent of, at Walpi =19=: 585 _sq._

    =Asa Group=, component clans of =19=: 584.

    =Asā´nk liqoan=, local group of Hutsunuwu =26=: 412.

    =Asanyumu.= _See_ =Asa=.

    =Asarum Canadense=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 303.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 287, 307, 318, 334, 342, 348, 366.

    =Asarum Caudatum= =45=: 460, 496, 508.

    =Äsatitola=, present name of Biäñk`i =14=: 909.

    =Asay, J. F.=
      on mortality at Wounded Knee =14=: 870.
      on Sioux Ghost-dance =14=: 915.

    =Asbestos=, use of, at Chaves Pass pueblos =22, i=: 110 _sq._

    =Ascena= or Timber Indians =1=: 103.

    =Asclepiadaceae= =33=: 109.

    =Asclepias=, species of, used medicinally =42=: 667, 668.

    =Asclepias Exaltata= =33=: 110.

    =Asclepias Incarnata=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 287, 307, 320, 360, 376.

    =Asclepias Speciosa= =45=: 470,498, 513.

    =Asclepias Syriaca= =33=: 109.

    =Asclepias Tuberosa= =33=: 109.

    =Ascyrum=, species of, used medicinally =42=: 666.

    =Ascyrum Multicaule=, medicinal use of =42=: 664.

    =Asdiłda=, the story of, and omen =31=: 260-270.

    =Asdi-wā´l=
      story of =31=: 243.
      Waux, the son of, story of =31=: 243-246.

    =Ash=
      mention of =33=: 108.
      mystic character of =33=: 108.
      piles, use of =47=: 210.
      use of =44=: 289, 364, 377.

    =Ash, Black=, use of =44=: 289, 377.

    =Ash Wood=, use of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 19.

    =Ashawakanau=, genealogy of =14=: 57.

    =Ashbow Family=, mention of =43=: 224.

    =Ashcroft Bands=, as basket makers =41=: 144.

    =Ashe, Thomas=
      cited =12=: 696.
      dishonesty of =42=: 761.

    =Ashes=
      ceremonially used =15=: 285.
      Eskimo traditional falls of =18=: 449 _sq._
      tobacco =38=: § 283, 284.
      use of, as tempering material in eastern U. S. pottery =20=: 46.
      use of, in ceremonial =11=: 134.
      use of, in religious formalities =9=: 536.

    =Asheville, N. C.=, petroglyphs near =10=: 99.

    =Ash-heap Pueblo=, former site of Walpi =17=: 635.

    =Ashivak= =46=: 187.

    =A´shiwanni, _Rain Priesthood_=
      associate, method of promotion =23=: 166.
      associate, requirements of =23=: 166.
      associates, duties of female =23=: 165.
      confined to families =23=: 165, 166.
      decline of eligibles for membership in =23=: 166, 167.
      designations given to =23=: 163.
      enumeration of =23=: 167, 168.
      _ĕt´tone_, care of =23=: 164.
      _ĕt´tone_, description of =23=: 163.
      _ĕt´tone_, sacredness of =23=: 164.
      _ĕt´towe_, taking of flashlight picture of =23=: 164, 165.
      impeachment of a _shi´wanni_, power of priestess of fecundity
        =23=: 166.
      members of =23=: 163.
      mention of =23=: 163-180.
      ninth _shi´wanni_ =23=: 167 (note).
      order of retreat of, in 1891 =23=: 180.
      _See also_ =Mythology=; =Shi´wanni=; =Te´likinawe=.

    =Ashiwanni=, Zuñi rain priests =24=: 218, 219.

    =A´-shi-wa-ni= or priests of Zuñi =2=: 12.

    =A´shiwi=
      a Zuñi synonym =2=: 9; 13: 367.
      history myth of (free translation, text, and interlinear
        translation) =23=: 73-89.
      characters and objects in =23=: 73.
      _ᵗKíäklo_, quenching of thirst of, during =23=: 89.
      order of recitation in each _Ki´wiᵗsinĕ_ =23=: 89.
      purpose of recitation of =23=: 89.
      _See also_ =Mythology=.

    =Áshiwi.= _See_ =A´shiwi=.

    =A´shi-wi.= _See_ =A´shiwi=.

    =Ashkum’s Band=
      cession of reserve by =18=: 762, 766.
      reservation for =18=: 742.

    =Ashland County, Ohio=, mounds in =5=: 47.

    =Ashley, Edward=
      cited on Indian beliefs =11=: 444.
      on the Sisseton =15=: 217.
      on Wahpetan gentes =15=: 216.

    =Ashley, James M.=, commissioner for Cherokee boundary =5=: 365.

    =Ashley, _Gen._ William H.=, attacked by the Arikara =4=: 111.

    =Asi=
      a busk medicine =42=: 547.
      ceremonial drinking of =42=: 538-544, 565, 604, 606.
      medicinal properties of =42=: 666.
      mention of =42=: 449, 577, 582, 598, 603, 606, 608.
      preparation of =42=: 565.
      use of =42=: 607.
      _See also_ =Black Drink=; =Cassine=; =Ilex Vomitoria=.

    =Âsĭ=
      characters of =19=: 462.
      recitation of sacred myths in =19=: 230.

    =Asia=
      cultural affinities with Alaska =46=: 175.
      living remnants in, of stocks that people America =46=: 29.
      origin of Eskimo in =46=: 330, 333-339, 359, 361.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 185-188.

    =Asiatic=
      affinities of Western Eskimo =46=: 214-227, 240, 250.
      American connections =46=: 197.
      cultures, influence of =46=: 145, 146, 173.
      Eskimo =46=: 226, 234, 237, 361, 364.

    =Asiatic Coast, Northeastern=
      archeology =46=: 88, 363.
      connections with America =46=: 96.
      crania =46=: 254, 257, 259, 364.
      fossil-ivory culture =46=: 174.
      migrations from, inevitable =46=: 9396.
      sites =46=: 168, 169, 170, 171, 210.
      visibility of =46=: 93, 96.
      visits to, from St. Lawrence Island =46=: 97.

    =Asiatics=, visits of, to America =46=: 96, 97.

    =Asilanabi=
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 214, 232.
      clan councils of =42=: 124.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 192.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 158 _sq._
      mention of =42=: 547.
      new fire ceremony of =42=: 589.
      plan of ceremonial ground of =42=: 214, 233.
      position of beds at =42=: 198.
      Upper Creek White town =42=: 124, 254.

    =Asinais=, a Caddo synonym =14=: 1092.

    =Asiniboin=
      account of the =15=: 222.
      and Cheyenne hostility =14=: 1024.
      and Mandan hostility =15=: 196.
      definition and divisions of =15=: 161.
      Ghost-dance among the =14=: 817.
      habitat of the =7=: 115.
      history of the =15=: 189.
      migration of the =15=: 198.
      population of the =7=: 117.
      smallpox among the =17=: 275.
      Tenskwatawa religion among the =14=: 679.
      tribal origin of the =15=: 190.
      _See also_ =Assiniboin=.

    =Asis, Ruiz de=, expedition =25=: 274.

    =Asking=, signs for =1=: 461.

    =Asking Festival= of the Eskimo =18=: 359 _sqq._

    =Askinuk=
      carvings from =18=: 196.
      clothing from =18=: 33.
      description of =18=: 249.
      hospitality of people of =18=: 297.
      implements from =18=: 94, 97, 107, 143, 144, 156, 162, 168, 177,
        192.
      mention of =46=: 170, 194.
      mortuary feasts at =18=: 378 _sq._
      ornaments from =18=: 45, 46, 61.
      tobacco implements from =18=: 275, 278 _sq._
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 220, 222, 223.

    =Asmusen, P.=, mention of =46=: 367.

    =Aspen=
      quaking, use of =45=: 464, 497, 504.
      use of =44=: 291, 320.
      _See also_ =Populus Tremuloides=.

    =Asperger=
      in Oraibi Antelope dance =16=: 293.
      in Oraibi Snake dance =16=: 293.
      performance of the =16=: 306.

    =Aspergill=
      at Oraibi altar =16=: 291.
      importance of, in Snake ceremonies =19=: 974.
      in Cipaulovi Snake dance =16=: 284.
      in Oraibi Snake dance =16=: 294.

    =Asphalt=
      found at Chevlon ruin =22, i=: 111.
      objects of =44=: 105 _sq._

    =Asphaltum=, used by California Indians =2=: 191, 209, 218.

    =Aspiroz, Manuel de=, acknowledgment to =22, i=: XI.

    =Assassins=, employment of =30=: 357.

    =Assembly=
      mention of =35=: 928, 975.
      of chiefs and shamans =35=: 733.
      of chiefs of numayms =35=: 907.
      of Numaym =35=: 769, 891, 898, 958, 978, 981, 987, 994, 1003,
        1029, 1031, 1037, 1042, 1064, 1083, 1091, 1360.
      of tribe =35=: 1012, 1363 _sq._, 1377.
      of tribe after death =35=: 1087.

    =Assimilation, by the Tundra=
      of remains =46=: 77.
      of skeletal remains =46=: 79, 97, 111, 118, 136, 172, 184, 195.

    =Assinaboin.= _See_ =Assiniboin=.

    =Assiniboin=
      beliefs among =11=: 431, 436, 485, 492.
      consume wild rice =19=: 1055.
      data on scalp and war dances of =40=:  548.
      fasting among =40=: 547.
      fetishism among =11=: 498.
      Flathead name for =45=: 302.
      games of the =24=:
        archery 383, 391.
        dice games 173-177.
        hand game 276, 316 _sq._
        hand-and-foot ball 705, 707.
        hoop and pole 502.
        racket 610 _sq._
        shinny 616, 636 _sq._
        shuffleboard 728.
        snow-snake 415.
        stick games 258.
        tossed ball 710.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 786.
      meaning of tribal name =19=: 1054.
      migration of the =45=: 320.
      Montana, rock pictures in =10=: 33.
      relations between, and Saulteaux =19=: 1040.
      sow wild rice =19=: 1057.
      tribal designation of =10=: 381.
      tribal history, migrations and settlement of =19=: 1054 _sq_.
      wars with the =45=: 366.

    =Assiniboin Indians=
      advancement of =46=: 579 _sq._
      attitude of, toward debts =46=: 476.
      character of =46=: 459.
      characteristics of =46=: 397, 468.
      discussion of method of dealing with =46=: 470-474.
      etymologic interpretations of the name =46=: 381.
      intellectual capacity of =46=: 593-602.
      intertribal relations of =46=: 403 _sq._
      mention of =4=: 116, 119, 124.
      names of the =46=: 396.
      origin of the =46=: 395.
      progress of the =46=: 620-623.
      strength of, compared with white man’s =46=: 529.
      territory occupied by =46=: 396 _sq._
      traditional origin of the =46=: 382.
      _See also_ =Assiniboin=.

    =Association Pictographs= =4=: 203-206.

    =Assyrian Subjects=, painted on cotton =34=: 30.

    =Aster=
      use of =44=: 307, 320.
      used in folklore =30=: 84.
      used in medicine =30=: 43.

    =Aster Foliacus= =45=: 461.

    =Aster Nemoralis=, use of =44=: 287,360.

    =Aster Novae-angliae=, use of =44=: 287, 376.

    =Aster Puniceus=, use of =44=: 287, 376.

    =Aster sp.=, use of =33=: 133.

    =Asthma= among the Pima =26=: 268.

    =Astor Library=, visited =15=: XL.

    =Astragalus Caroliniana= =33=: 91.

    =Astragalus Crassicarpus=, use of =44=: 287, 336, 356, 364.

    =Astragalus Decumbens= =45=: 514.

    =Astragalus Giganteus= =45=: 514.

    =Astragalus Purshii= =45=: 473, 504, 507, 516.

    =Astragalus sp.= =45=: 473.

    =Astrocaryum sp.= _See_ =Tucum=.

    =Astrology=, stepping-stone to modern science =19=: 825 _sq._

    =Astronomy=
      among the Tlingit =26=: 427.
      Eskimo ideas of =18=: 449.
      of the Hopi Indians =15=: 259.

    =Astu´gatâ´ga, _Lieutenant_=, death of =19=: 170.

    =Astute=, sign for =1=: 305.

    =Asunålgi=
      a Creek clan =42=: 116, 119.
      affiliations of =42=: 121.
      derivation of the name =42=: 121.

    =Asuncion, Juan de la=, explorations by =17=: 51.

    =A Sure Revenge=, an Iroquois tale =2=: 104.

    =Ataakut=, stick games of the =24=: 233.

    =Atabáca Indians=, beliefs of, as to eclipses =30=: 257.

    =Atabapo Indians=, belief of, as to God =30=: 117.

    =Atbi-hogandi=, an Awatobi synonym =17=: 594.

    =Ä´-tahá-ik`-í=, death of =17=: 282.

    =Atahnam=, a Yakima mission =14=: 717.

    =Atahualpa=, killed by Pizarro =14=: 254.

    =Atagâ´hi=, myths concerning =19=: 321 _sq._, 461, 470.

    =Atakapa=
      belief of, in chief deity =42=: 482.
      cannibalism among the =42=: 705, 713.
      Cherokee relations with =19=: 391.
      cultural distinctions of =42=: 712.
      descent among, uncertain =42=: 695.

    =Atakapa Language=, grammatical sketch of =39=: 13.

    =Atakapan Group=, linguistic relations of =42=: 678.

    =Atakullakulla=
      agreement with, for building forts =19=: 40.
      attempts to bring peace by =19=: 42, 44.
      offer of aid to Americans by =19=: 54.
      rescue of Captain Stuart by =19=: 44, 203.

    =Ä´tănûm-`lĕma=, sketch of the =14=: 738.

    =Atara=, use of name, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 44.

    =Atåså=
      carried in women’s dance =42=: 549.
      the war symbol =42=: 549.
      _See also_ =War Clubs=.

    =Atasi=
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 219, 249, 250.
      at Tukabahchee busk =42=: 559, 568.
      clan councils of =42=: 125.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 192, 194.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 159 _sq._
      headship of, among Tallapoosa towns =42=: 310.
      myths regarding =42=: 69.
      position of beds at =42=: 198.
      square of, described by Bartram =42=: 183.
      town emblem of =42=: 243, 244.
      Upper Creek Red town =42=: 125, 255.

    =Atchison and Pikes Peak Railroad Company=, sale of land to =18=:
      826.

    =Atcukliba=, name of lizard =42=: 495.

    =Ätéstisti=, treaty signed by, in 1867 =17=: 186.

    =Atfalti=, population of =7=: 82.

    =Athahachi=, mention of mound at =42=: 175.

    =Athapascan Indian=
      basketry of the =41=: 134.
      chart-making by =10=: 341.
      clothing of =18=: 33 _sq._
      emblem of the =10=: 612.
      Eskimo name for =18=: 307.
      ethnologic specimens from =18=: 21.
      influence on Eskimo of =18=: 23, 242.
      practice of tattooing by =10=: 395.
      research among the =18=: XXIX.
      social customs of the =18=: 287.
      Tewa name for =29=: 573.
      trading voyages by =18=: 232.
      woodworking by =18=: 70.
      _See also_ =Athapascans=.

    =Athapascan Bibliography=, work on =14=: XLII.

    =Athapascan Dialects of Oregon=, linguistic study of =10=: XIX.

    =Athapascan Family= =7=: 51-56.

    =Athapascan Languages=
      bibliography of =13=: XLI.
      sketch of Hupa =29=: 18.

    =Athapascan Stock=
      games of the =24=:
        ring and pin 528.
        stick games 227.
      tribes of the =24=:
        Apache (Chiricahua) 385, 449.
        Apache (Jicarilla) 345, 449.
        Apache (Mescalero) 449, 803.
        Apache (San Carlos) 86, 450.
        Apache (White Mountain) 87, 450, 762.
        Ataakut 233.
        Chipewyan 272, 385.
        Colville 457.
        Etchareottine 272.
        Han Kutcin 272.
        Hupa 91, 233, 542, 656, 763.
        Kawchodinne 92, 272, 543.
        Kutchin 272.
        Miknotunne 236, 623.
        Mishikhwutmetunne 236, 623.
        Navaho 92, 346-349, 385, 457, 623, 628, 722, 763, 781, 804.
        Sarsi 272, 460.
        Sekani 97, 236.
        Slaveys 544.
        Takulli 97, 236 _sqq._, 272 _sqq._, 409, 460 _sq._, 781.
        Thlingchadinne 543.
        Tlelding 238.
        Tsetsaut 624, 767.
        Tututni 239.
        Umpqua 274.
        Whilkut 239.
      unknown to Omaha =27=: 102.

    =Athapascan Tribes=
      absence of clans among =17=: 227.
      of Alaska, records of =23=: XVI.

    =Athapascans=
      adopted from the Tlingit =26=: 423.
      character of the =26=: 411.
      language of the =26=: 474, 485.
      myths of the, reference to =11=: 391, 484.
      range of =26=: 396.
      relations of, with the Tlingit =26=: 409, 413, 414.
      stone ax of the =46=: 147.

    =Athenaeus=
      account of Telestes =1=: 286.
      classification of gestures =1=: 285.

    =Athens, Pa.=, vase from =20=: 166.

    =Athens County, Ohio=, mounds in =5=: 47.

    =Athletic=
      games of the Eskimo =18=: 331.
      pleasures of =19=: LXIII-LXVIII.
      sports of the Pima =26=: 171-174.

    =Athletics, Indian= =11=: 321.

    =Athyrium Felixfemina=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 287, 248.

    =Atison=, Pima village =26=: 20.

    =Atkins, _Dr._ Francis H.=, on signs of Apaches =1=: 325.

    =Atkins, J. D. C.=
      on east Cherokee suit against main band =19=: 152.
      recommendation for east Cherokee removal by =19=: 177.

    =Atkins, _Miss_ Julia S.=
      appointment of =41=: 73.
      resignation of =42=: 19.
      work of =41=: 71, 106, 116.

    =Atkinson’s Camp=, location of =37=: 99.

    =Atl=
      day symbol discussed =16=: 237.
      day symbol, meaning of =16=: 238.

    =Atlanta Constitution=, on effect of Georgia anti-Cherokee laws
      =19=: 118.

    =Atlanta Exposition=
      Bureau exhibit at =16=: LXXIX
      exhibits at =17=: LVIII.

    =Atlantic Coast Pottery=
      area covered by =20=: 21.
      character of =20=: 175.
      recentness of employment of animal figures in =20=: 128.
      resemblance of Northwestern pottery to =20=: 196.
      _See also_ =Florida Peninsula Pottery=; =Middle Atlantic Coast
        Pottery=; =South Appalachian Pottery=.

    =Atlantic and Pacific Slopes=, distinctions between types of =12=:
      522.

    =Atlas=
      mention of =46=: 159.
      showing cessions of land =1=: 252.

    =Atlin=, a Clayoquot chief =24=: 196.

    =Atnah Tribe=, considered distinct from Salish by Gallatin =7=: 103.

    =Atnik= =46=: 200, 208.

    =Atnuk=, description of =18=: 252.

    =Atocle=
      derivation of =21=: 71, 125.
      description of =21=: 75, 76.
      participation in Powamû festival by =21=: 67.

    =Atoko Clan=, with the Patuñ clan =19=: 595.

    =Atonement=
      absence of belief in =11=: 521.
      no conception of =46=: 490.

    =Atorai Indians=, belief of, as to petrification of body =30=: 152.

    =Atosis=, Abnaki myth of =10=: 471.

    =Ä´`to-t’aiñ=
      a Kiowa chief =17=: 338.
      death of =17=: 343.

    =Atotarho=, Stone-giant of the Iroquois =2=: 53, 54.

    =Atriplex Bracteosa var.=, Pima food plant =26=: 69.

    =Atriplex Canescens= in Pima basketry =26=: 135.

    =Atsĭ.= _See_ =Arch, John=.

    =Atsina=
      Blackfoot name of Gros Ventres =14=: 955.
      Flathead name for =45=: 302.
      linguistic classification of =28=: 234.
      mention of =4=: 108.
      name of, in sign language =45=: 147.
      tribal signs for =1=: 462.
      _See also_ =Gros Ventres=.

    =Attacapa=
      linguistic material of =30=: 19.
      research among =28=: 12; =30=: 18.

    =Attacapa Language=, dictionary of =29=: 13.

    =Attacapan Family= =7=: 56 _sq._

    =Attachers, Cord=, used by the Eskimo =18=: 142-145.

    =Attack in War=
      methods of, among Guiana Indians =38=: § 762 _sqq._
      Omaha preparations for making =3=: 326.
      Omaha preparations for receiving =3=: 313.

    =Attacus Orizaba=, cocoons of =26=: 169.

    =Attakapa Language=, said to be spoken by the Korankawa =7=: 82.

    =Attalea Funifera= =38=: § 72.

    =Attalea Speciosa= =38=: § 28, 387.

    =Attawanhood=, sale of land by =18=: 617.

    =Attendants=
      of Cannibal =35=: 856, 861.
      of dancers =35=: 848, 873.

    =Attendants at Feasts=
      duties of =37=: 329.
      mention of =35=: 438.

    =Attendants of Chief= =35=: 762 _sq._

    =Attendants of Host= =35=: 758.

    =Attention=, signal for =1=: 539.

    =Attikumaag=, Ojibwa treaty signer =14=: 28.

    =Atua´mih=, a Pit River band =14=: 1052.

    =Atwater, Caleb=
      compound vase described by =20=: 138.
      describes shell necklace =2=: 231.
      describes shell vessel =2=: 197.
      on burial mounds =1=: 117.
      on dice games of the Winnebago =24=: 189.
      on duck in Winnipeg River =19=: 1098.
      on racket of the Winnebago =24=: 616.
      on running races of the Winnebago =24=: 809.
      on synonym for Menomini Indians =19=: 1048.
      on wild rice in Wisconsin River =19=: 1034.
      on Winnebago storing food =19=: 1071, 1072.
      quoted =12=: 568, 569, 667, 716.

    =Aua-tu-ui=, an Awatobi synonym =17=: 594.

    =Aubbenaubbee’s Band=
      cession of reserve by =18=: 758.
      reservation for =18=: 740.

    =Aubecuh.= _See_ =Abihka=.

    =Auctioneering=
      Zuñi, description of =23=: 379.
      Zuñi, reasons for =23=: 378.

    =Audiencia=
      definition of =14=: 472.
      expedition into new territory forbidden by =14=: 369.
      functions of the =14=: 350.

    =Audubon=, assisted by Denig =46=: 381.

    =Augmentation, Law of=, in primitive numbers =19=: 839-842.

    =Augur, _Gen._ G. C.=, treaty commissioner =17=: 183.

    =Auguries.= _See_ =Omens=.

    =Augusta, Ga.=
      intermingling of wares in mound near =20=: 137.
      occurrence of Middle Mississippi types of pottery near =20=: 80
        _sq._
      opening of path from Cherokee country to =19=: 36.
      trail to =42=: 775.
      treaty of, 1763 =18=: 637; =19=: 45.

    =Auk=
      a Tlingit tribe =26=: 396.
      clans and house groups =26=: 403.
      phratries and clans =26=: 399, 412.
      population of =7=: 87.

    =Auk Indians=, Southeastern Alaska =46=: 33.

    =Auk Point=, Indian remains at =46=: 33.

    =Aukelenuiaiku= =33=: 625, 629, 636.

    =Auklet=
      Eskimo clothing made from beak and skin of =18=: 30, 31, 37.
      Eskimo fishing apparatus made from beak and skin of =18=: 177-180.
      Eskimo methods of catching =18=: 133.

    =Aunt=, status of =47=: 238.

    =Aurignacian=, affinities with Eskimo, Indian =46=: 357.

    =Aurora, Ind.=, mention of mounds around =42=: 789.

    =Aurora Borealis=
      a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 156, 172, 175.
      belief concerning =42=: 479.
      in Menomini myth =14=: 210.

    =Auroras=
      Eskimo belief concerning =18=: 449.
      Eskimo myth concerning =11=: 266.
      of the Ungava district =11=: 173.

    =Austin, Amory=, on composition of white rice =19=: 1082.

    =Austin, F. R.=, mounds on land of =12=: 163.

    =Austin, _Rev._ Gilbert=, _Chironomia_ =1=: 289.

    =Austin, Tex.=, flint implements found near =40=: 4.

    =Australia=, petroglyphs in =10=: 161-165.

    =Australian Natives=
      ceremonial use of color by =10=: 628.
      charm or fetish of =10=: 504.
      conventional representations by =10=: 652 _sq._
      decoration of body with feathers by =10=: 207.
      magic and initiation ceremonies of =10=: 513 _sq._
      message sticks of =10=: 369 _sqq._
      messenger of death of =10=: 525.
      messengers and mode of invitation of =10=: 368, 369.
      messengers of vengeance (_pinya_) of =10=: 433.
      mourning ceremony of =10=: 630.
      mythic personages of =10=: 489 _sq._
      pictographs on skins by =10=: 219.
      scarification of =10=: 416 _sq._
      songs and song writers of =10=: 250.
      war colors of =10=: 633.
      _wommeras_ and clubs of =10=: 753.

    =Australians=
      gestures of the =1=: 306.
      scaffold burial among the =1=: 167.
      tattooing of the =4=: 76.
      use of flakes among the =13=: 172.

    =Ausummowett=, sagamore of Aroosaguntacook =43=: 174.

    =Authorities=
      cited, list of =14=: 1104-1110.
      in sign language, list of =1=: 401 _sqq._
      made use of =42=: 32.
      on Siouan cults =11=: 361.

    =Authority=
      in household =47=: 477.
      political, of tribe =47=: 478.
      symbols of =38=: § 751.

    =Authors=
      and works cited, list of =10=: 777-808.
      quoted by Bancroft =4=: 66.

    =Autobiography of a Fox Indian Woman= =40=: 291-349.

    =Autochthony= of the Seri Indians =17=: 12, 268*.

    =Autogenous Similarities= =3=: LXVI.

    =Automatons= of the Eskimo =9=: 372 _sq._

    =Autonomy=, waning, of Cherokee =19=: 153-157.

    =Autossee=, battle at =19=: 92.

    =Autowwe=, reservation for =18=: 674.

    =Ava, Ill.=, petroglyphs near =10=: 77.

    =Avatc Hoya=, appearance of, in connection with Humis katcina, in
      Pamürti =21=: 27.

    =Avavares=, mention of =42=: 739.

    =Avebury, _Lord_.= _See_ =Lubbock, _Sir_ John=.

    =Avens=, use of =44=: 289, 356; =45=: 464, 476, 493, 504, 506, 507.

    =Averill, A. B.=, material collected by =24=: 158.

    =Avery, _Mrs._ A. C.=
      acknowledgments to =19=: 13.
      on Cherokee part in Civil War =19=: 169.
      on Col. W. H. Thomas =19=: 162.

    =Avian Figures.= _See_ =Bird Designs=.

    =Avila, Pedro de=, ringleader in rebellion at Suya =14=: 533.

    =Avila y Ayala, _Fray_ Pedro de=, missionary at Zuñi =13=: 329.

    =Avoca, N. C.=, coiled pottery from =4=: 277.

    =Avocado Pear= cultivated by Guiana Indians =38=: § 246.

    =Avocations.= _See_ =Occupations=.

    =Avoidance= of personal names by the Indians =4=: 171.

    =Avoyel Indians=, reference to =42=: 692.

    =Avunculate= among the Tsimshian =31=: 425.

    =Awa= =33=: 619, 651, 661.

    =Awakokshu=, the holy place =22, ii=: 283.

    =Awallache= land cessions and reservations =18=: 780.

    =Awani=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 143.
        shinny 630.

    =A`wanita=, or Young Deer, Cherokee formulas furnished by =7=: 316.

    =Awata Clan=, same as Pakab Clans =19=: 608 _sq._

    =A-wa-te-u=, an Awatobi synonym =17=: 594.

    =Awatobi=
      advent of Patuñ clans at =19=: 595.
      and Sikyatki pottery compared =17=: 659.
      arrowshaft and polishers from =17=: 611, 731.
      destroyed in 1700 =15=: 305, 310.
      destruction of, referred to =19=: 865.
      disposal of dead =28=: 117, 118.
      etymology of =17=: 594.
      founded by Pakab-Awata clans =19=: 609.
      germ-god of =21=: 38.
      introduction of Owakülti into =21=: 58.
      legend of destruction of =17=: 602.
      massacre at =21=: 74.
      migration of the people of, to Middle Mesa =21=: 104.
      population of =17=: 637.
      pottery of =28=: 139, 141, 156.
      probable home of Pakab clans =19=: 608.
      reasons for excavating =17=: 591.
      representation of Deer katcinas from =21=: 103.
      ruins of, examined =17=: 535.
      settlement of Sikyatki people at =17=: 634.
      settlement by Küküchomo and Sikiyatki people =17=: 596.
      visited in 1540 =17=: 596.
      work at =17=: XXXIX.
      _See also_ =Pakab Clan=.

    =Awatobi Maid=
      birth of child by =21=: 104.
      meeting of Alosaka with =21=: 121.

    =Awatobi Soyok taka=
      derivation of =21=: 71.
      description of =21=: 74.
      participation in Powamû festival by =21=: 67.

    =Awatobi Soyok wüqti=
      description of =21=: 75.
      participation in Powamû festival by =21=: 67.

    =Awatúbi=, an Awatobi synonym =17=: 594.

    =Awatubi=
      attacked by the Walpi =8=: 34.
      clay tubes used as roof drains at =8=: 155.
      description of ruins of =8=: 49, 50.
      fragments of passage wall at =8=: 181.
      possession of sheep by =8=: 50.
      settlement of the Asa at =8=: 30.
      Spanish mission established at =8=: 22.
      survey of =8=: 14.
      when and by whom built =8=: 29.

    =Awatui= pottery =4=: 493.

    =Á-wat-u-i=, an Awatobi synonym =17=: 594.

    =Ăwĭk´ !Ēnoxᵘ=, origin of abalone names of =35=: 1261.

    =A`wini´ta=, myth told by =19=: 454.

    =A´wisho.= _See_ =Mythology=.

    =Áwisho téhuli= of Zuñi mythology =13=: 383.

    =Áwitelin Tsíta= of Zuñi mythology =13=: 379.

    =Áwiten Téhu`hlnakwi= of Zuñi mythology =13=: 379.

    =Awl=
      game, of Plains tribes =14=: 1002 _sq._
      Indian term for =41=: 392.
      manner of using =41=: 160.
      _See also_ =Awls=; =Perforator=.

    =Awl game.= _See_ =Ahl Game=; =Awl (_game_)=.

    =Awls=
      bone =44=: 106 _sqq._
      bone, from Awatobi =17=: 627.
      bone, from Pueblo ruins, description of figures of =22, i=: 94.
      from Guadeloupe =34=: 135.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 181, 182; =18=: 81, 106, 108.
      of the Nenenot =11=: 318.
      of the Seri =17=: 230*.
      wooden =44=: 165.

    =Awnkote=
      purchase of reserve for =18=: 750.
      reservation for =18=: 724.

    =Áwonawílona= of Zuñi mythology =13=: 379.

    =A´wonawil´ona, Description of.= _See_ =Mythology=.

    =Ax, John=
      Cherokee story-teller =19=: 229.
      information furnished by =24=: 475.
      myths told by =19=: 430, 431, 435, 436, 438, 440, 448-452, 454
        _sqq._, 460, 462, 463, 466, 471, 473, 476, 477, 481.

    =Ax-like Instruments=, described =15=:  90, 92.

    =Axa=, province of, in Great Plains =14=: 492.

    =Axes=
      aboriginal method of making =15=: 68.
      absent from Porto Rico collection =34=: 131.
      anchor =34=: 148.
      asymetrical =34=: 102 _sqq._, 138 _sq._
      bowlders used for =15=: 142.
      ceremonial =11=: 454; =34=: 133, 142.
      characteristic of Lesser Antilles =34=: 174, 180.
      collection of Indian =3=: 521.
      copper, types of =37=: 88.
      double-edged =46=: 82, 135, 147 _sqq._
      eared =34=: 108 _sq._, 139-143.
      eared, where found =34=: 59, 93.
      engraved =34=: 109 _sq._, 144-147.
      Eskimo =18=: 88, 91, 92; =46=: 67, 69, 82, 87.
      from Dominica =34=: 125.
      from Great Cayman =34=: 258.
      from Guadeloupe =34=: 132 _sq._, 138-143.
      from St. Lucia =34=: 131.
      from St. Vincent region =34=: 94-104, 108 _sqq._
      from Tobago =34=: 78.
      grooved =34=: 101 _sq._, 145.
      grooved, described =13=: 62.
      grooved, development of =15=: 98,
      grooved, material used in making =15=: 141.
      grooved, nomenclature of =13=: 62.
      how finished =15=: 26.
      ivory =46=: 149.
      jadeite, near Barrow =46=: 319.
      material of =30=: 127.
      materials used in making =15=: 99.
      notched =34=: 74, 78.
      of Spanish type recovered from mound =48=: 4.
      of the Omaha =13=: 278.
      of unusual size =34=: 130.
      on the Yukon, at Burchell’s =40=: 46.
      perforated =34=: 147 _sq._
      produced by flaking =15=: 26.
      remodeled for steatite working =15=: 126, 127, 130, 131, 132 _sq._
      Ruby =46=: 48.
      sign for =1=: 386.
      stone =42=: 689 _sq._
      stone, Anchorage, Chitna =46=: 148.
      stone, Casa Grande =28=: 123 _sq._
      stone, from Awatobi =17=: 625.
      stone, from Homolobi, figure showing =22, i=: 102.
      stone, from Wolpi =2=: 375.
      stone, from Zuñi =2=: 320, 327.
      stone, in Sikyatki graves =17=: 730, 731.
      stone, of Guiana Indians =38=: § 6, 7.
      Tanana =46=: 43.
      tortoise shell =38=: § 10.
      typical of Lesser Antilles =34=: 146, 262.
      used as pottery polishers =13=: 99.
      winged, from Tobago =34=: 78.
      with animal head on poll =34=: 140.
      with caps =34=: 100 _sq._
      with regular margins =34=: 138.
      Yukon =46=: 134, 135, 145, 146, 147, 148.
      _See also_ =Celts=.

    =Aya=, description of =21=: 114.

    =Ayasta=, Cherokee manuscript obtained from =7=: 313.

    =Ayâ´sta=, Cherokee story-teller =19=: 237.

    =Ayer Collection of Americana=, reference to =42=: 680.

    =Ayllon=
      on gigantic Indian =19=: 501.
      version of Tsundige´wi myth by =19=: 471.
      visit to Georgia coast by =19=: 193.

    =Aylor, H. I.=, steatite quarry on farm of =15=: 132.

    =Aymamon=, a Porto Rican cacique =25=: 38 _sq._

    =A`yûñ´inĭ.= _See_ =Swimmer=.

    =A`yûⁿ´inĭ=, or Swimmer, Cherokee manuscript obtained from =7=: 310
      _sqq._

    =Ayutan=
      a synonym of Comanche =14=: 1043.
      identification of =17=: 167.

    =Ay-Ay=, name for St. Croix =34=: 166.

    =Azachagiag= =46=: 200.

    =Azachagiak= =46=: 197.

    =Aziag _or_ Aziak=, Sledge Island =46=: 89, 197, 200.

    =Aziags= =46=: 89.

    =Aziak Island.= _See_ =Sledge Island=.

    =Aztalan=, description of =37=: 88 _sqq._

    =Aztec=
      and British obsidian flakes compared =13=: 59.
      dice games of the =24=: 160.
      inscription, Mexico =10=: 133 _sq._
      myths of =19=: 431, 451, 466.
      or Nahuatl method of forming numerals above ten =19=: 882-885.
      picture, suggestion of, by picture of Kwahu =21=: 77.
      references to =28=: 54, 186.
      ruined structures attributed to the =8=: 225.
      spirits of =30=: 171.
      symbolic colors among =11=: 532.
      traditional association with Casa Grande =28=: 33.
      use of masks among =47=: 902, 903.
      warriors, allies of Spaniards in Mixton wars =14=: 410.
      writing =4=:14.
      _See also_ =Mexico, _ancient inhabitants_=.

    =Aztec Pass=
      fort below =28=: 210 _sq._
      origin of name =28=: 208.
      references to =28=: 206, 207, 211.
      road through =28=: 204.

    =Aztec Springs Ruin= =4=: 319.

    =Aztecs=
      and Taracos, burial sacrifice of =1=: 190.
      cliff ruins attributed to =16=: 191.
      culture of the =14=: 658.
      human sacrifice among =47=: 847, 903.
      pictured on Acoma walls =47=: 27.

    =Azul, Antonio=
      account of =26=: 17, 196.
      campaign described by =26=: 202 _sq._
      cited on Apache raids =26=: 201.
      cited on mountain sheep =26=: 82.
      first Pima adobe house built by =26=: 153.
      information furnished by =26=: 18, 36.
      on location of Elder Brother’s house =26=: 225.
      Pima head chief =26=:21.

    =Azul, Culo=, Pima head chief =26=: 158, 196.

    =Azuza Canyon, Calif.=
      pictographs =4=: 37, 156.
      rock paintings in =10=: 69, 354 _sqq._


    =B=

    =Ba´achinĕna=, name of the Northern Arapaho =14=: 954, 1014.

    =Bääku´ni=, Arapaho name of Paul Boynton =14=: 971.

    =Baat=, legendary Pima maiden =28=: 52.

    =Babacomori Valley=, field work in =22, i=: XIII.

    =Babbitt, Irving=, acknowledgments to =14=: 552.

    =Babe=, clay figure of, eastern United States =20=: 40, 41.

    =Babies=
      binas for =30=: 187, 286, 288.
      manner of carrying =41=: 211.

    =Babine=, hand game of the =24=: 273.

    =Babí`pa=, treaty signed by, in 1867 =17=: 186.

    =Baboons=
      flexing of hands =30=: 209.
      legends concerning =30=: 150 _sq._, 209 _sq._, 211, 222, 231, 232
        _sq._, 292 _sq._, 363.

    =Baboquivari Mountain=, in Pima mythology =26=: 224, 225.

    =Babracote=
      camudi and, legend of =30=: 261.
      description of =30=: 385.
      mention of =38=: § 163, 333.
      star named for =30=: 261 _sq._

    =Baby.= _See_ =Íăpa=.

    =Baby Board=
      articles fastened to =47=: 134.
      material used for =47=: 135.
      _See also_ =Cradle Board=.

    =Baby Carriers=
      beaded work on =41=: 211.
      coils of =41=: 165.
      decoration of =41=: 210 _sq._
      description of =41=: 210 _sq._; =45=: 166 _sq._, 279 _sqq._, 381.
      shape of =41=: 211.
      structure of =41=: 174.
      term for =41=: 397.

    =Baby Hanging Chair=, mention of =38=: § 913.

    =Baby Sling=
      mention of =38=: § 55.
      string figure =38=: § 704.

    =Baby Spirit=
      explanation of =30=: 324 _sq._
      identity of =30=: 169, 325.

    =Babylonians=
      significance of color among =10=: 622.
      use of color among =4=: 54.

    =Baca Grant=, reference to =28=: 208.

    =Bacallaos=, name applied to Newfoundland =14=: 513, 526.

    =Bacharis Glutenosa=
      building material =26=: 156.
      in pottery making =26=: 127.

    =Bache, Franklin=, cited =30=: 62.

    =Bachelors= forbidden to hold land in America =14=: 374.

    =Bachillier y Morales, Antonio=
      Antillean language studied by =25=: 77.
      citing Müller on dance plazas =25=: 80.
      citing Perez on _areito_ =25=: 69.
      on Antillean name for creator =25=: 55.
      on Cuban caneys =25=: 82.
      on Fernando Columbus =25=: 55.
      on human bones found in Porto Rico =25=: 29.
      work of, on Cuban ethnology =34=: 248.

    =Back, ----=, cited =6=: 485.

    =Back Ornaments= =38=: § 537.

    =Back Protector= =35=: 142.

    =Back Scratchers=, used by the Eskimo =18=: 310.

    =Backlund, Charles= =46=: 75.

    =Backus, _Maj._ E. (_U. S. A._)=
      on hoop and pole of the Navaho =24=: 460.
      quoted on magic powder of the Indians =9=: 513.

    =Bacon, J. L.=, mound on land of, in Tennessee =12=: 377.

    =Bacon’s Collection of Laws=, extract from =18=: 571 _sq._

    =Bacqueville de la Potherie=
      on jugglery among Hudson Bay Indians =14=: 140.
      on snow-snake of the Hurons =24=: 409.

    =Bactris= =38=: § 246.

    =Bacuache River.= _See_ =River Bacuche=.

    =Bad=
      pietographs for =10=: 586.
      Serian and Yuman words meaning =17=: 337* _sq._
      signs for =1=: 411.

    =Bad Animal=, Assiniboin war leader =46=: 402.

    =Bad Back.= _See_ =Chónshitá=.

    =Bad Faces=, an Arapho division =14=: 957.

    =Bad Hearts=, possibly the Kiowa Apache =17=: 246.

    =Bad Lands=
      flight of Sioux to =14=: 850, 851, 861, 884.
      return of Sioux from =14=: 868.
      Sioux in, surrounded by troops =14=: 866.

    =Bad Pipes=, an Arapaho division, =14=: 956.

    =Bad River Reserve=
      change in =18=: 856.
      establishment of =18=: 795.

    =Bad Village=, account of =27=: 85 _sq._, 99.

    =Badge.= _See_ =Tiponi=.

    =Badger=
      account of, by the Pima =26=: 80.
      beliefs concerning =43=: 644.
      destruction of mounds by =33=: 185, 188.
      diseases caused by =26=: 262.
      in Menomini myth =14=: 133.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 216.
      in Pima song =26=: 301, 321.
      in Tewa conception =29=: 43.
      myths concerning =11=: 37, 152.

    =Badger Clan=
      association of, with fire =47=: 959.
      ceremony by man of =23=: 202.
      connection of, with Pamürti mask used in personating Nakiatcop
        possessed by =21=: 86.
      reference to =47=: 959.
      _See also_ =Honani Clan=.

    =Badger People=
      leave Walpi =8=: 31.
      settle Sichomovi =17=: 578.

    =Baegert, Jacob=
      map by =17=: 66.
      on Californian food habits =17=: 209*-212*.
      on Lower California tribes =26=: 35 _sq._
      on saguaro harvest in California =26=: 72.

    =Baelz, E.=, mention of =46=: 367.

    =Baer, ----=, =46=: 334.

    =Baer, Erwin=, with archeological expedition in 1895 =17=: 527.

    =Baer, John L.=
      collections made by =41=: 95, 116.
      information from =42=: 760.
      investigations made by =41=: 68 _sq._
      work of =41=: 92.

    =Baffin Land=
      basiofacial diameters =46=: 280, 281.
      crania from =46=: 257, 260, 262, 263, 264.
      description of =6=: 415, 416.
      distribution of tribes in =6=: 421-444.
      Eskimo of =46=: 328.
      Eskimo population of =7=: 75.
      facial =46=: 266.
      facial angles of the people of =46=: 285.
      nose of people of =46=: 268, 270.
      traditions of, with comparisons =6=: 641 _sqq._
      _See also_ =Eskimo=.

    =Bag=
      mention of =38=: § 388.
      of sea lion hide =35=: 109.
      _See also_ =Bags=; =Beaded Bag=; =Medicine Bag=.

    =Bagre, Silurus=
      caught with red cloth =38=: § 189.
      knocked over with cudgels =38=: § 190.

    =Bags=
      decoration of =45=: 48 _sq._, 219, 220, 221, 226.
      designs on =41=: 360.
      Eskimo, for clothing =18=: 43 _sq._
      Eskimo, for lance points =18=: 146.
      Eskimo, for tobacco =18=: 284 _sq._
      Eskimo, for tools =18=: 93.
      Eskimo, for water and oil =18=: 73 _sq._
      for tobacco =9=: 68 _sq._
      for tools =9=: 187-190.
      grass, made by the Eskimo =18=: 203 _sq._
      hunting, used by the Eskimo =18=: 166-169.
      materials used for =45=: 47-51.
      ordeal of the sacred =3=: 328.
      ornamentation of =41=: 362 _sq._
      rawhide =45=: 221, 327.
      shapes of =45=: 219.
      skin =45=: 49 _sq._
      technique of weaving =41=: 138 _sq._
      woven =45=: 47 _sqq._, 219, 220, 327.
      woven, description of =13=: 33, 34; =41=: 354.
      woven, general use of =41=: 138.

    =Bahakosĭn=, Caddo name of the Cheyenne =14=: 1023.

    =Bahama Islands=
      aborigines of the =25=: 30, 218.
      cultural relations of =34=: 267.
      number of specimens from =34=: 50.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 137 _sqq._
      pictography of the =25=: 148.
      slavery in =25=: 23, 25.

    =Baho=, use of, in kiva consecratory ceremonies =8=: 119 _sq._, 129,
      130.

    =Bahwetegow-ēninnewug=, Ojibwa  name of the Gros Ventres =14=: 955.

    =Bail=, Wapishana name for arrow =38=: § 128.

    =Bailer=, for Eskimo umiak =9=: 340, 341.

    =Bailey, Vernon=, petroglyphs reported by =10=: 117.

    =Baily, Francis=, journey of =42=: 835.

    =Bainbridge, Pa.=
      designs from vases from =20=: 171.
      pipes from =20=: 173.
      pottery from =20=: 165.

    =Baird, _Prof._ Spencer F.=
      acknowledgments to =9=: 19, 20; =13=: 378; =18=: 22.
      discovery of Iroquoian pottery by, near Ipswich, Mass. =20=: 168.
      facilitated study of masks and labrets =3=: 151.
      identifies tooth found in mound as that of a hog =12=: 715.
      mention of =48=: 1187.
      on contour of Porto Rico =25=: 129.

    =Baird and Girard=, on nomenclature of fishes =26=: 83.

    =Bait=
      artificial fly =38=: § 192.
      clams used as =35=: 162.
      cockles and clams for =35=: 178.
      for fish, Eskimo =18=: 175, 177 _sqq._, 181, 183, 195.
      for fishhooks =35=: 179.
      for fish traps =35=: 162, 182.
      for halibut fishing =35=: 1320.
      mussels used for =35=: 182.
      red macaw feathers =38=: § 192.
      sea eggs used for =35=: 182.
      seeds for =38=: § 188.

    =Bakah=, definition of =16=: 262.

    =Bakairi=, number names of =19=: 877.

    =Baker, Emma=, mention of =43=: 216, 224.

    =Baker, Frank=, cited on “Hand of Glory” =9=: 486.

    =Baker, Marcus= =46=: 178, 181, 184.

    =Baker, Samuel=, cited on African customs =9=: 489.

    =Baker Creek= =46=: 126.

    =Baker’s Ranch House=, ruins near =28=: 201 _sq._

    =Baking=
      Catawba method of =20=: 53, 54 _sq._
      Cherokee method of =20=: 56.
      eastern United States methods of =20=: 52 _sq._, 54 _sq._, 56, 57,
        58, 59, 60.
      eastern United States pottery, degree of =20=: 49.
      effect of, on fiber tempering =20=: 121.
      effect of, on shell tempering =20=: 48.
      Florida peninsula pottery =20=: 117 _sq._, 124.
      Iroquoian pottery =20=: 161.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pipes =20=: 158.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 155.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 84.
      origin of =9=: 542

    =Baklum-Chaan=, a Mayan deity =16=: 225.

    =Bal, Juan de=
      killed by the Zuñi =13=: 330.
      missionary at Halona =13=: 329.

    =Balam= day symbol discussed =16=: 248.

    =Balata, _Mimusops sp._=
      bark for wood-skins =38=: § 798.
      cement =38=: § 23.
      for stone chip graters =38=: § 335.
      fruit of, eaten =38=: § 247.

    =Balbancha=, old name of New Orleans =44=: 180.

    =Balbas, _Señor_=, elbow stone owned by =34=: 209.

    =Balboa, Vasco Nuñez=
      cited on Indian medicine men =9=: 467.
      cited on Peruvian festival =9=: 527.
      ornaments captured by =6=: 35.

    =Balche=, a ceremonial drink =16=: 253.

    =Balconies=
      description of, in Pueblo houses =14=: 523.
      notched and terraced =8=: 187.

    =Bald Friar Rock, Md.=, petroglyphs on =10=: 83-86.

    =Bald-hip Rose=, use of =45=: 487, 488, 493, 495, 498, 504.

    =Bald-hip Roseberry=, use of =45=: 489.

    =Bald Mountain=, myth concerning =19=: 299.

    =Baldness=, absence of =30=: 176.

    =Baldwin, _Reverend_= =45=: 31, 87, 90, 172, 175, 181.

    =Baldwin, C. C.=
      identifies Ohio mound-builders with Indians =12=: 600.
      Pottawatomie surface burial =1=: 141.

    =Baldwin, _Lieut._ F. D.=
      fight with Cheyenne by =17=: 211.
      Kiowa agent in 1894 =17=: 226.
      rescue of Germaine girls =17=: 213.

    =Baldwin, J. D.=
      cited =12=: 564, 601, 602, 615.
      identifies mound-builders with Toltecs =12=: 599.
      on mound-builders =5=: 83.

    =Balearic Islands=, cairn burial =1=: 143.

    =Balfour, Henry=, examination of quarry shops by =15=: 52.

    =Ball, J.=, survey by =18=: 826.

    =Ball=
      clay, for eating =38=: § 253.
      game during Pontiac conspiracy =14=: 130.
      game in Menomini myth =14=: 166.
      game of the Menomini =14=: 127-136, 244.
      game of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 602-606.
      games played by the Eskimo =18=: 336 _sq._
      general description of =24=: 561 _sq._
      implements of =24=: 33.
      leaf-strand figure =38=: § 621.
      mystic, in Menomini myth =14=: 224.
      of the Arapaho =14=: 964.
      Omaha woman’s game of =3=: 338.
      or Creek game, description of =42=: 456.
      or Creek game, supernatural object in =42=: 492.
      stone, from Barbadoes =34=: 86.
      used in primitive football =11=: 257.
      _See also_ =Ball game=; =Balls=; =Racket=; =Shinny=; etc.

    =Ball Carrier=, folk-tale of the =14=: 223.

    =Ball Courts=
      of Porto Rico =34=: 170 _sq._
      _See also_ =Juegos de bola=.

    =Ball Game=
      adornment for =42=: 460, 463, 465.
      among East Cherokee =19=: 170.
      among Western Cherokee =19=: 146.
      at adoption feast =40=: 361.
      at Tuskegee busk =42=: 585.
      challenge to play =32=: 234.
      Chickasaw =42=: 456 _sqq._
      Creek =42=: 458 _sq._
      description of =27=: 169, 197 _sq._; =42=: 60 _sq._, 456-466;
        =44=: 24; =46=: 565 _sq._
      double, played by women =40=: 363.
      fighting at =42=: 463 _sq._
      figurative use of expression =19=: 433.
      girls’ =47=: 239.
      in Tusayan =15=: 290.
      legend connected with =19=: 384.
      managed by war officials =42=: 297.
      mythical origin of =14=: 131; =42=: 55, 157.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 262, 286 _sq._, 308, 312 _sq._,
        369, 454.
      rites and practices connected with =19=: 230, 262, 422, 425, 471.
      sacred character of =14=: 135.
      single pole =42=: 467 _sq._
      won by dog dressed as man =32=: 235.
      _See also_ =Ball=; =Balls=; =Games=; =Hidden Ball=; =Seed Ball=.

    =Ball Juggling=
      played by the =24=:
        Achomawi 712.
        Bannock 712, 713.
        Eskimo 713.
        Eskimo, Central 712.
        Eskimo, Ita 712.
        Nascapee 712.
        Paiute 713.
        Shoshoni 712, 713.
        Ute 712, 713.
        Ute Uinta 713.
        Zuñi 712, 714.

    =Ball Posts=
      ceremony of erecting =42=: 544 _sq._
      emblems on =42=: 244.

    =Ball Posts, Single.= _See_ =Chunk Pole=.

    =Ball Race=
      common to the =24=:
        Bannock 666, 678.
        Cocopa 666, 681.
        Cosumni 669 _sq._
        Hopi 666, 678 _sq._
        Keres 666, 668 _sq._
        Maricopa 666, 681.
        Mohave 666, 668.
        Mono 666, 679.
        Navaho 666, 668.
        Opata 666, 670.
        Papago 666, 670 _sq._
        Pima 666, 671 _sq._
        Southwestern tribes 665.
        Tarahumare 666, 672-677.
        Tewa 666, 680 _sq._
        Wasama 670.
        Yuma 666, 682.
        Zuaque 666, 678.
        Zuñi 666, 668, 682

    =Ball Sticks=
      description of =42=: 456, 459.
      legendary use of =42=: 52.

    =Balliceaux, Island of=
      excavations in =34=: 10.
      number of specimens from =34=: 49.

    =Balloo=, definition of =16=: 252.

    =Ballou, _Prof._ Howard M.=
      acknowledgment to =29=: 19.
      bibliographic research on Hawaii by =31=: 8; =32=: 10.
      compilation of bibliography by =34=: 25; =36=: 28.
      preparation of list of works relating to Hawaii =32=: 29.
      search for titles for list of works relating to Hawaii =33=: 32.
      work of =30=: 10, 17.

    =Balls=
      stone, from Casa Grande =28=: 93 _sq._, 131.
      stone, from Pueblo Viejo ruins =22, i=: 183.
      _See also_ =Ball=; =Ball Game=; =Ball Race=; etc.

    =Balsa=
      Seri, characters and construction of =17=: 10, 216*-221*.
      Seri, decoration of =17=: 173*.
      Seri, methods of propulsion of =17=: 219*.
      Seri, Von Beyer’s drawings of =17=: 106.
      _See also_ =Navigation=.

    =Balsam=
      mention of =38=: § 23.
      use of, in basketry =41=: 145.

    =Balsam Fir=
      use of =44=: 286.
      _See also_ =Abies Balsamea=.

    =Balsaminacae= =33=: 101.

    =Balsam Lake Region, Ontario=, Iroquoian pottery from =20=: 170.

    =Balsam Poplar=
      use of =44=: 291; =45=: 497.
      _See also_ =Populus Balsamifera=.

    =Balsam Root=
      beliefs concerning =45=: 509.
      use of =45=: 478, 480, 484, 491, 493.

    =Balsamorhiza= =45=: 478.

    =Balsamorhiza Sagittata= =45=: 480, 484, 491, 493, 509.

    =Balsas, Rio de las=, crossed by Coronado on rafts =14=: 586.

    =Baltazar de Castro=, on Carib in Porto Rico =25=: 28.

    =Baltimore, Lord=
      charter to =18=: 551, 569.
      grant of land by =18=: 573.

    =Bamboo=
      arrow poison =38=: § 123, 217.
      box made of =38=: § 385.
      flute made of =38=: § 560 _sq._
      knife made of =38=: § 14, 516, 905.
      spirits associated with =30=: 228, 233.

    =Banab=
      string figure =38=: § 676.
      temporary shelter =38=: § 293.

    =Banak=, tribal signs for =1=: 462.

    =Banana=, cultivated by Guiana Indians =38=: § 246, 268.

    =Banana Bay=, mound at =34=: 89.

    =Bancroft, George=
      cited on Cherokee habitat =7=: 78, 79.
      linguistic literature =7=: 13.
      on French and Indian war =14=: 663.
      on the Lenape =14=: 663.
      quoted on Colonial Indian policy =18=: 601, 631.

    =Bancroft, Hubert H.=
      cited =12=: 601, 602, 672, 726; =30=: 238, 268, 294, 323, 327,
        329, 331, 333, 338, 366, 370.
      cited as an authority =28=: 45.
      cited on Indian medicine-men =9=: 457, 511.
      cited on Indian cakes =9=: 524.
      cited on Indian use of feathers =9=: 534, 535.
      cited on mutilation by Indians =9=: 491.
      cited on scratching by Indians =9=: 524.
      citing Coutts on Pima =26=: 31.
      cliff ruins described by =16=: 81.
      linguistic literature =7=: 24.
      mention of =46=: 150, 218.
      mentions authorities on calendars =3=: 55.
      mistake in dating Alvarado’s report =14=: 391.
      notes on Seri by =17=: 104 _sq._
      on Acoma =29=: 543, 545.
      on Acaxea medicine tubes =13=: 127.
      on burial sacrifice =1=: 190.
      on Cabeza de Vaca’s route =14=: 348.
      on canoe burial in ground =1=: 112.
      on Cempoalan ruins =25=: 233, 236.
      on Civil War in far Southwest =26=: 48.
      on Cochiti =29=: 439, 440.
      on conditions surrounding Pima =26=: 32.
      on Costa Rica hut burial =1=: 154.
      on destruction of Awatobi =17=: 601.
      on diary of Mange =13=: 296.
      on Escalante expedition =17=: 61.
      on Eskimo burial boxes =1=: 155.
      on flood of September, 1868 =26=: 53.
      on Huavan numbers =19=: 918.
      on Huitzilopochtli and description of the same =1=: 231.
      on Jemez =29=: 403.
      on Maya hieroglyphics, mode of reading =1=: 223.
      on meaning of Mayan number names =19=: 876.
      on Mexican grant to Cherokee =19=: 143.
      on migrations of the Tanoan =19=: 611.
      on mourning of the Central Americans =1=: 185.
      on Nootka bird-bone drill =13=: 165.
      on Pecos =29=: 474, 476, 477.
      on pictography =4=: 64, 65, 66, 73, 78, 88.
      on Picuris =29=: 193.
      on Pima burials =1=: 98.
      on Poguate =29=: 539.
      on Puaray =29=: 524.
      on racket, Topinagugim =24=: 597.
      on ruins in Vera Cruz =25=: 231.
      on Sandia =29=: 527.
      on Santo Domingo =29=: 449.
      on Sedelmair’s account of Casa Grande =28=: 56.
      on scalping by the whites =19=: 209.
      on Shasta stone-chipping =13=: 141.
      on Sia Indians =29=: 518, 519.
      on superstitions regarding the dead =1=: 201.
      on Tesuque =29=: 388.
      on Yuma-Pima battle =26=: 47.

    =Bancroft Library= of the University of California, mention of
      =44=: 57.

    =Band, G. H.=, mention of =1=: 229.

    =Band, Forehead= =38=: § 530.

    =Band, Horizontal=, discussion of =41=: 263, 273.

    =Bandarilla, Mexico=, ruins at =26=: XV.

    =Banded Masonry= =8=: 145.

    =Bandelier, _Dr._ A. F.=
      Cibola identified by =17=: 595.
      cited =29=: _passim._ _See_ Index to Vol. 29, pp. 619 _sqq._,
        where A. F. B. is cited 423 times.
      cited as to Coronado expedition =28=: 54.
      cited on Pueblo ceremonies =15=: 268.
      citing Kino on Gila flood =26=:67.
      citing Walker on Pima mythology =26=: 221.
      classification of Seri by =17=: 108.
      collection by, in Peru =16=: XXXI.
      description of Casa Grande by =13=: 297; =28=: 69 _sqq._
      description of chimney by =8=: 173.
      discussion of Indian legends by =14=: 345.
      explorations of =8=: 197.
      identification of Chichilticalli by =14=: 387, 516.
      identification of Hawikuh-Granada by =14=: 489.
      identification of pueblos by =14=: 511, 524.
      identification of Rio Vermejo by =14=: 482.
      identification of Vacapa by =14=: 355.
      identifications by =17=: 51, 52, 55, 56.
      on Acoma =14=: 490.
      on ancient Pueblo population =13=: 259.
      on ancient stone inclosures =8=: 216.
      on Arizona Indian liquor =14=: 516.
      on ball race of the Opata =24=: 670.
      on Cabeza de Vaca’s route =14=: 347.
      on classification of Pueblo ruins =16=: 89.
      on cliff houses near Salt River =26=: 144.
      on Cochiti Indian weaving =3=: 361.
      on Coronado’s route from Culiacan =14=: 386.
      on date of Coronado’s departure =14=: 382.
      on defense of veracity of Friar Marcos =14=: 363.
      on foundation of Josoge =19=: 611.
      on Indian giants =14=: 485.
      on Ispa and Guagarispa =14=: 585.
      on (_Friar_) Juan de la Asuncion =14=: 353.
      on location of Chichilticalli =13=: 296.
      on location of Quivira =14=: 397.
      on location of Tiguex and Cicuye =14=: 491.
      on Indian government and estufas =14=: 520.
      on Matsaki =14=: 517.
      on Mexican mounds =14=: 517.
      on name Cicuye =14=: 523.
      on name Teya or Texia =14=: 507.
      on name Tutahaco =14=: 492.
      on Opata poison =14=: 538.
      on patol of the Opata =24=: 146.
      on Petlatlan =14=: 515.
      on Pima Indians =28=: 69-72, 152.
      on Pima traditions =26=: 24.
      on Pueblo Indian life and government =14=: 561.
      on Pueblo Indian pottery =4=: 298.
      on record of Awatobi destruction =17=: 610.
      on route of Friar Marcos =14=: 358.
      on Seven Cities =14=: 473.
      on Southwestern cliff dwellings =13=: 347.
      on the Keres =7=: 83.
      on Topira =14=: 476.
      on Yuqueyunque =14=: 510.
      petroglyphs reported and sketched by =10=: 98, 131.
      Pima Casa Grande tradition by =13=: 319.
      Pima legend from =28=: 45.
      Querechos identified with Apaches by =14=: 396.
      quoted on Sia Indian history =11=: 11.
      researches in Southwestern history =14=: 339.
      shinny mentioned by =24=: 631.
      Turk Indian considered to be probably a Pawnee by =14=: 394.
      use of sources of Coronado expedition by =14=: 414.

    =Bandola= =38=: § 560.

    =Bandoleers=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 91, 97, 99, 104,
        106, 108, 111, 120.
      description of =37=: 109.
      in Oraibi dance =16=: 293, 294.
      of Bow priests, description of =47=: 871.
      of Bow priests, power of =47=: 666.
      used by priests in Snake ceremonies =19=: 971, 972.

    =Bands=
      composition of =45=: 150; =46=: 431.
      groups of =45=: 38, 150.
      merged in tribe =45=: 156.

    =Baneberry=
      use of =44=: 286; =45=: 463, 512.
      _See also_ =Actaea Rubra=.

    =Banghart Ranch=, reference to =28=: 201.

    =Bank Swallow= as a symbol =39=: 50.

    =Banks=, cutting of, by streams =46=: 136.

    =Banner Stones=
      described and figured =13=: 120.
      discovery of =41=: 69.
      found at Knap of Reeds =42=: 776.

    =Bannock=
      and Paiute affinity =14=: 1048, 1051.
      chronology =17=: 372.
      early knowledge of Messiah by the =14=: 802.
      Flathead names for =45=: 301.
      former habitat of the =7=: 108.
      games of the =24=:
        ball juggling 712 _sq._
        ball race 666, 678.
        dice games 159.
        hand game 307 _sqq._
        hoop and pole 495.
        stone throwing 728.
        tops 742 _sq._
      Ghost dance among the =14=: 785, 805, 807.
      hunting grounds of the =45=: 305.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 846, 850, 878, 898, 904, 906,
        926, 928.
      linguistic affinity of the =14=: 525.
      Messiah delegates among the =14=: 894.
      Mormon emissaries among the =14=: 704.
      Omaha name for =27=: 102.
      population of the =7=: 110.
      Porcupine’s visit to the =14=: 793.
      present habitat of the =14=: 806.
      reception of the, into Mormon church =14=: 790.
      Tävivo among the =14=: 701.
      visit of Apiatañ among the =14=: 911.
      visit of, to Wovoka =14=: 818.
      wars of, with the Flathead =45=: 361.

    =Bannock Jim=, Wovoka confounded with =14=: 765.

    =Banqueting House=, mentioned by Bartram =42=: 183.

    =Banquette=
      in house circle =41=: 528.
      indication of =41=: 504.

    =Bantry Bay, Australia=, petroglyphs at =10=: 164 _sq._

    =Bañuelos, B.=, miner of Zacatecas =14=: 538.

    =Bao.= _See_ =Guñsádalte=.

    =Ba´-po Subgens=
      explanation of the name =43=: 59.
      office of the =43=: 91.
      origin story of =43=: 90.

    =Baptisia=, medicinal use of =42=: 658.

    =Baptisia Bracteata= =33=: 90.

    =Baptism=
      as practiced by Peyote cult =37=: 389, 395.
      Cherokee =26=: 188.
      how received by the Zuñi =13=: 327, 333, 335.
      opposed by the Hopi =17=: 601.
      Pima =26=: 188.
      Zuñi =26=: 187.

    =Baptismal Record= of the Zuñi =13=: 333.

    =Baptist Church=, grant of land to =18=: 826.

    =Baptist Gap=, engagement at =19=: 170.

    =Baptiste Ululamê´llst=, information furnished by =45=: 403.

    =Baptists=, work of the, among Cherokee =19=: 107, 165, 166.

    =Bä´qati Game=
      description of =14=: 994.
      in Ghost song =14=: 1036, 1075.

    =Bäquati Wheel=, use of, in Ghost dance =14=: 1064.

    =Bar=
      pattern of feather fixation on arrow =38=: § 132.
      symbolic use of, in decoration of Hopi katcinas =21=: 75.

    =Baraboo County, Wis.=, pottery from =4=: 430.

    =Baraga, _Bishop_=
      Ojibwa modes from =28=: 262 _sq._
      references to =28=: 227, 239.

    =Baraga, _Rev._ Frederic= (probably the same as Bishop Baraga above)
      on definitions in double ball, Chippewa =24=: 650.
      on definitions in racket, Chippewa =24=: 564.
      on definitions in tops, Chippewa =24=: 734.
      on meaning of Ojibwa word “_Manominikewin_” =19=: 1061.
      on Ojibwa wild-rice moon =19=: 1089.
      reference to work of =40=: 28.

    =Barbacoas=, name of pile dwellings =34=: 253.

    =Barbadoes=
      archeological collections from =25=: 18, 19.
      archeological reconnaissance in =25=: XV.

    =Barbados=
      aboriginal population of =34=: 78 _sq._
      archeological work in =34=: 11.
      artifacts from =34=: 86 _sqq._
      depopulation of =34=: 87.
      early maps of =34=: 79.
      English landing at =34=: 80.
      number of specimens from =34=: 49.

    =Barbados Colony=, purchase of land by =18=: 626.

    =Barbaric Tribes=, ancient burial customs of =1=: 152.

    =Barbarism=
      characters of =17=: XXXII, XXXXIV.
      characterized by male descent =21=: XXI.
      definition of =15=: CXV.
      features of =19=: XLIX.
      psychological differentiation of =23=: XXI, XXII.
      pottery making during =20=: 24.

    =Barbeau, C. M.=, mention of =31=: 32.

    =Barbecue Hole=, explanation of =44=: 440.

    =Barbels=, native American fish =14=: 517.

    =Barber, Edwin A.=
      acknowledgments to =20=: 17.
      on burial urns =1=: 138.
      on hand game of the Yampa Ute =24=: 315 _sq._
      on partial cremation =1=: 151.
      on stone pipes =12=: 705.
      on use of chisels in steatite working =13=: 72.
      on Ute pottery =4=: 276 _sq._
      says the Delawares buried in stone graves =12=: 692.

    =Barberry=
      clan name from =30=: 86.
      dye from =30=: 88.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 88.

    =Barbour, James=, authorized to treat with the Cherokee =5=: 229.

    =Barbs=
      for Guiana Indian arrows =38=: § 129.
      on Eskimo arrows =18=: 160.
      on Eskimo fishhooks =18=: 175, 177-180.
      on Eskimo spears =18=: 147 _sqq._, 152, 192, 195.
      used by the Eskimo in capturing birds =18=: 133.

    =Barceloneta, P. R.=, collection from =42=: 18.

    =Bárcena, Alonso=, on Toba numeration =19=: 838.

    =Barcia, A. G.=
      on Creek-Cherokee wars =19=: 38.
      on De Luna’s expedition =19=: 201.
      on Regel’s expedition =19=: 202.
      on Spanish mission among the Cherokee =19=: 29.
      version of Tsundige´wi myth by =19=: 472.

    =Barcia, Carballido y Zuñiga, Andrés G.=
      on Acoma =29=: 543.
      on Pecos =29=: 476.

    =Barcia, Gabriel de Cardenas=
      cited on sacred meal of the Indians =9=: 512.
      quoted on magic power of the Indians =9=: 549.

    =Barham, W. B.=, specimens presented by =36=: 34.

    =Bari (_of Africa_)=, burial of the =1=: 125.

    =Bark=, Cheyenne delegate to Wovoka =14=: 895.

    =Bark=
      apron =38=: § 547.
      band for knapsacks, baskets, etc. =38=: § 455.
      baskets of =41=: 353; =45=: 52 _sq._, 222, 328.
      birch, study of Indian use of =22, i=: XXII.
      canoes of =42=: 744; =45=: 248.
      Catawba use of, in baking =20=: 54 _sq._
      Cherokee use of, in baking =20=: 56.
      cedar, headdress of, in Shaker ceremony =14=: 761.
      clothing made of =13=: 17, 358.
      corsets of =38=: § 543.
      dwellings covered with =42=: 688.
      fiber used in weaving =13=: 23, 24, 25.
      garments made of =42=: 682, 683, 690.
      gathering of =41=: 150.
      head-rings of =38=: § 530.
      lodges of =45=: 228 _sq._
      mats =38=: § 401.
      medicinal use of =44=: 327.
      mulberry, used for fringe =13=: 32.
      Omaha lodges of =13=: 269, 271.
      pestle and mortar of =38=: § 381.
      pictographs on =4=: 59; =10=: 213.
      preparation of, for basketry =41=: 153 _sq._
      preparation of, for medicine =44=: 328.
      record of Lenni Lenape =4=: 207.
      shirt made of =38=: § 539.
      stripping, Indian methods of =13=: 109.
      tools for stripping =45=: 92.
      trumpet =38=: § 558.
      used in embroidery designs =13=: 28.
      used in mat-making =14=: 259.
      used in net-making =13=: 27.
      used in spinning =13=: 22.
      use of, as tempering material, Florida Peninsula =20=: 117.
      use of, in basketry =41=: 146.
      used to prevent making tracks =32=: 222.
      woven into rain cloaks =45=: 77.
      _See also_ =Alder Bark=; =Birch Bark=; =Willow Bark=; etc.

    =Bark Ashes=, use of, as tempering material, eastern United States
      =20=: 46.

    =Bark Baskets=, beading on =41=: 384 _sq._

    =Bark Receptacles=, common use of =41=: 138.

    =Bark Vessels=
      influence of, on form of pottery =20=: 161, 162, 196.
      preceramic use of, by American aborigines =20=: 25.

    =Barker’s Fort=, raid on =17=: 270.

    =Barking Dogs= not allowed =38=: § 717.

    =Barley=
    chemical composition of =19=: 1082.
    production of, by the Pima =26=: 91.

    =Barnacles=
      gathering of =35=: 499.
      method of preparing =35=: 504.
      steamed on beach =35=: 501, 505.

    =Barnard, _Lieutenant_ ----=, =46=: 128.

    =Barnes, ----=, petroglyphs reported by =10=: 64.

    =Barnes, _Dr._ G. W.=, on California pictographs =4=: 229.

    =Barnes, I. N.=, works on land of, in Ohio =12=: 598.

    =Barnesville, Ohio=, rock carvings at =4=: 21.

    =Barnesville Track Rock, Ohio= =10=: 102 _sqq._

    =Barnet, F. M.=, custodian of property in the Bureau =23=: XLII.

    =Barnett, William=, Cherokee boundary commissioner =5=: 207, 208.

    =Barnstable=, Indian policy of =18=: 605.

    =Barnum, William=, work of =25=: XXIII.

    =Barnwell, ----=, Cherokee reply to =19=: 372.

    =Barra Chachalicas=, clay objects from =25=: 268 _sqq._

    =Barraguan Rock=, man created from =30=: 145 _sq._

    =Barranca, Rio de la=, crossed by Coronado =14=: 586.

    =Barratt, Joseph=, on meaning of “min” =19=: 1024.

    =Barre, Wis.=, petroglyphs at =10=: 126.

    =Barreiro, Antonio=, on Cochiti =29=: 439.

    =Barrel-shaped Baskets=, coils of =41=: 164.

    =Barrenness=
      shame of, among Guiana Indians =30=: 187, 286, 287.
      _See also_ =Pregnancy=.

    =Barrere, P.=, cited =30=: 118, 156, 158, 163, 170, 181, 255, 269,
      291, 296, 302, 303, 310, 312, 314, 320, 321, 322, 324, 325, 328,
      330, 340, 350.

    =Barrés Indians (of Brazil)=
      dyes used by the =10=: 222.
      totem mark of the =4=: 167.

    =Barrett, _Lieut._ James=, in skirmish at El Picacho =26=: 48.

    =Barrett, _Dr._ S. A.=
      acknowledgments to =29=: 12.
      reference to =41=: 378.

    =Barrett, S. E.=, work of =26=: XXVI.

    =Barrett, William E.=, petitions for Casa Grande repair =15=: CII.

    =Barrick, Grace P.= =46=: 70.

    =Barringer, Rufus=, arbitrator between East Cherokee and Thomas’s
      creditors =19=: 174.

    =Barrionuevo, Francisco de=
      adventure of, at Tiguex =14=: 496.
      companion of Coronado =14=: 479.
      explorations of =14=: 510.

    =Barrow=
      archeology of =46=: 166, 173.
      burials of =46=: 183.
      Eskimo of =46=: 228.
      mention of =46=: 106, 108, 110, 111, 166, 169, 209.
      “mounds” of =46=: 166, 206, 285.
      skeletal remains of =46=: 317, 323, 327, 328.
      trip to =46=: 30.

    =Barrow Crania=
      basiofacial diameters =46=: 279-282.
      facial =46=: 266.
      facial angles =46=: 285.
      means =46=: 286.
      mention of =46=: 254, 257, 258, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264.
      nose =46=: 268, 270.

    =Barrow, Point.= _See_ =Point Barrow=.

    =Bartar Katcinas=, distinction of, from Huhuan =21=: 83.

    =Bartel, William=, service of =27=: 13.

    =Barter=
      by the Sia =11=: 12.
      native =46=: 91, 93, 102, 103, 145.
      Point Hope =46=: 102.
      _See also_ =Trade=.

    =Barter Island=
      archeology of =46=: 123.
      mention of =46=: 206.

    =Bartiromo, Melchior=, mission work of =17=: 61, 67.

    =Bartlett, C. H.=
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      prayer-stick presented by =14=: 698.

    =Bartlett, _Commissioner_ John R.=
      account of Casa Grande by =28=: 66 _sqq._, 88.
      account of Pima =26=: 31.
      cited =13=: 296, 297.
      cited on Lipan and Apache habitat =7=: 54.
      Kiowa vocabulary obtained by =17=: 389.
      objects collected by =26=: 152.
      on construction of Pima _ki_ =26=: 154.
      on “Houses of Montezuma” =26=: 24.
      on Kiâhâs =26=: 141.
      on Opata running =17=: 125.
      on Pima clothing =26=: 149.
      on Pima method of riding =26=: 113.
      on Pima spinning and weaving =26=: 149.
      on Pima weapons =26=: 96.
      on the Seri =17=: 96 _sq._
      rattle figured by =26=: 170.
      Seri vocabulary collected by =17=: 97 _sqq._, 296*, 299*; =21=:
        XXV.
      the Pima described by =7=: 98.

    =Bartlett, _Capt._ R.= =46=: 297.

    =Barton, B. S.=
      on Cherokee linguistic relationship =19=: 16.
      on composition of Iroquois and Cherokee =7=: 77.
      on traditional predecessors of the Cherokee =19=: 22.

    =Barton, N. W.=, on wild rice in Maryland =19=: 1030.

    =Barton County, Mo.=, flint in =44=: 539.

    =Bartow County, Ga.=
      clay figurines from =20=: 41.
      mounds in =5=: 96, 104.

    =Bartram, John=
      collection of pottery by =20=: 59.
      on cabin burial =1=: 122.
      on Choctaw ossuary =1=: 120.
      on partial scaffold burial =1=: 169.
      on racket of the Cherokee =24=: 574 _sq._
      on racket of the Muskogee =24=: 606.

    =Bartram, William=
      cited =12=: 654, 655, 657, 674.
      description of Cherokee council house by =5=: 87.
      description of Rembrandt mounds by =12=: 315.
      journey of, over Camino Real =42=: 833.
      list of Cherokee towns by =5=: 143.
      on cane-splint fire =19=: 429 _sq._
      on cattle among the Cherokee =19=: 213 _sq._
      on Cherokee relations with Creeks =19=: 383, 384.
      on council houses and mats =13=: 19.
      on Creeks =19=: 499.
      on hoop and pole of the Muskogee =24=: 486 _sq._
      on origin of mounds in Cherokee country =19=: 22.
      on ruins at Silver Bluff =19=: 193.
      on sacred fire =19=: 503.
      on Seminole regard for snakes =19=: 457.
      on sieve of Georgia Indians =13=: 17.
      on strawberries in Cherokee country =19=: 468.
      on traders’ bells =19=: 483.
      opinion of, regarding origin of the mounds =12=: 597.
      remarks on the Cherokee =5=: 135, 372.
      travels of, in, Cherokee country =19=: 46.

    =Bartre, ----=, acknowledgment to =28=: 216.

    =Basalenque, Diego=, on Tarasco number words =19=: 880.

    =Basalt=, Tewa name for =29=: 584.

    =Basanite.= _See_ =Chert, _varieties of_=.

    =Bä´sawunĕ´na=, an Arapaho division =14=: 955.

    =Bascara=, fish poison =38=: § 209.

    =Baseball= =24=: 789 _sq._

    =Bases=
      annular, eastern United States pottery =20=: 62, 90, 93.
      eastern United States pottery, development of =20=: 62.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 18, 121.
      Florida Peninsula pottery, perforation of =20=: 119, 124, 125,
        127.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 105, 111.
      Gulf Coast pottery, perforation of =20=: 111.
      Iroquoian pottery =20=: 162.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 145, 148, 151, 155.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 88, 90, 93.
      Northwestern pottery =20=: 196.
      Ohio Valley pottery =20=: 185.
      perforation of, in burial, eastern United States =20=: 111, 119,
        124, 125, 127.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 132, 143.
      Southern and Northern pottery =20=: 145, 187.
      Spanish olive jars =20=: 129, 130.
      tripod =20=: 93.
      _See also_ =Feet=; =Forms=; =Walls=.

    =Bashfulness= of the Omahas =3=: 262.

    =Basin Basket= =38=: § 440.

    =Basin-shaped Baskets=, terms for =41=: 396.

    =Basins.= _See_ =Pottery=.

    =Basiwi=, four-stick game of the =24=: 333.

    =Basket=
      adaptions of natural forms =38=: § 453-457.
      birch-bark, among the Nenenot =11=: 301.
      Cherokee, design from =20=: 171.
      classification of =38=: § 448.
      cover work =38=: § 449.
      “landing net” =38=: § 423.
      marked pottery =4=: 282.
      molds for pottery =4=: 372.
      mystic, in Columbia Indian cosmology =14=: 722.
      of specially prepared strands =38=: § 412-447.
      patterns and designs =38=: § 105-114.
      string figure =38=: § 666.
      trumpet =38=: § 559.
      types of base, circular or oval =38=: § 416-421.
      types of base, conical =38=: § 423, 424.
      types of base, conical and rectangular =38=: §425-447.
      types of base, hexagonal =38=: § 412-415.
      used in dice games =14=: 1004.
      use of, by Hopi katcinas =21=: 73, 74.
      use of, in distribution of beans in Hopi ceremonies =21=: 70.
      use of, in Lalakoñti festival =21=: 58.
      _See also_ =Basketry=; =Baskets=; =Crab Basket=; =Eye-socket
        Basket=; =Medicine-man Basket=.

    =Basket Dance=
      of Rain-cloud clans =21=: 22.
      of the Hopi =21=: 22, 23.
      _See also_ =Lalakoñti=.

    =Basket Maker Sites=, investigation of =45=: 7.

    =Basket Making= by the Menomini =14=: 259.

    =Basket Plaques=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 122.
      use of, in Masauû ceremony =21=: 37.

    =Basketry=
      among East Cherokee =19=: 176.
      Antillean =25=: 212 _sq._
      anticipated pottery =4=: 483 _sq._
      Apache, collection of =22, i=: XXXIX.
      bark =45=: 52 _sq._, 222, 328.
      Casa Grande =28=: 147.
      coiled =45=: 54 _sq._, 223 _sqq._, 329.
      cooking utensils =4=: 484 _sqq._
      copied in pottery =4=: 449.
      declination of manufacture of water-tight =4=: 496.
      description of =45=: 51-55.
      difficulties encountered in =41=: 258-261, 263.
      diffusion of the art of =41=: 133-139.
      discussion of =13=: 15.
      distribution of, among tribes =45=: 223.
      earthenware derived from =13=: 11.
      feather crowns =38=: § 519-527.
      found in Honanki =17=: 572.
      Gila-Salt region =28=: 156.
      Hudson collection of =21=: XXXIII.
      imperfection in =41=: 262.
      in cavate lodges =13=: 228.
      Indian =46=: 36, 83.
      ingenuity shown in =41=: 261.
      lack of pottery modeled from =13=: 38.
      materials used in =45=: 222 _sqq._
      not esthetic =40=: 341.
      not found at Sikyatki =17=: 649.
      of the Apache =2=: 355.
      of the Flathead group =45=: 328 _sqq._
      of the Omaha =13=: 278.
      of the Shinumos =2=: 334.
      of the Siouan tribes =15=: 172.
      of the Zuñi =2=: 334.
      ornamentation of =45=: 55, 329.
      paper on =42=: 17.
      Pima =28=: 147.
      Pima, agave leaf rings =26=: 113.
      Pima, basket bowls =26=: 135 _sq._
      Pima, character =26=: 164 _sq._
      Pima, designs employed =26=: 136-140.
      Pima, implements =26=: 135.
      Pima, Kiâhâ =26=: 140-143.
      Pima, materials =26=: 131-134.
      Pima, method =26=: 135.
      Pima, minor types =26=: 145 _sqq._
      Pima, sleeping mats =26=: 147 _sq._
      Pima, storage baskets =26=: 143 _sq._
      plants used for =30=: 81.
      Pueblo types of =22, i=: 98 _sq._
      Quahatica =28=: 140.
      rarely preserved by charring =13=: 36.
      roots used in making =45=: 496.
      Seri characters of =17=: 10, 208* _sq._
      Seri decoration of =17=: 175*.
      specimens from Wolpi =2=: 389.
      specimens from Zuñi =2=: 368.
      suggesting ornament =4=: 57, 461.
      taught to girls =40=: 309.
      Tewa, of willow =31=: 14.
      time required for =41=: 412 _sq._
      Tlingit =26=: 395.
      Tsimshian, not elaborate =31=: 49.
      twined, imprints of =44=: 106.
      water-tight =41=: 135, 201 _sq._
      woman’s share in =38=: § 900.
      Yavapai =26=: 164 _sq._
      Zuñi, different kinds of =23=: 373.
      _See also_ =Basket=; =Baskets=; etc.

    =Baskets=
      at Tusayan altar =16=: 279.
      birch-bark =45=: 52.
      cedar-bark =45=: 53 _sq._
      cedar-root =45=: 51.
      collection of Indian =3=: 576-586, 589.
      decoration of =45=: 55, 329.
      decrease in use of =45=: 342.
      designs of =45=: 226.
      flexible =45=: 51.
      for cooking berries =35=: 138, 284, 288.
      for huckleberries =35=: 140.
      for steaming =35=: 555, 561.
      for viburnum berries =35=: 138.
      for wild carrots =35=: 139.
      grass, made by the Eskimo =18=: 204 _sq._
      hexagon-base, spiral weft of =38=: § 412.
      Hudson collection of, acquisition of =20=: X.
      Hudson collection of, study of =20=: XVI _sq._
      imitation of effect of, by finger-nail markings on pottery =20=:
        75, 79.
      new, custom regarding =35=: 607.
      of cedar bark =35=: 136, 139, 226, 228, 235, 240, 252, 254.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 326 _sq._
      openwork =45=: 52.
      openwork, making of =35=: 134.
      pictographs on =10=: 217.
      rack for holding =35=: 171.
      set for berry picking =35=: 204, 205, 206, 208, 209, 213, 214,
        216, 217, 218, 220, 269.
      shapes of =45=: 224 _sq._
      use of, as models for clay vessels =20=: 68, 162.
      use of, by California Indians =20=: XVII.
      use of clay in protecting from fire =20=: 49.
      use of, in manufacture and decoration of pottery =20=: 36, 50,
        65, 69 _sqq._, 134.
      use of, in salt making =20=: 28.
      _See also_ =Basket=; =Basketry=; etc.

    =Baskets, Clay=, from Zuñi =2=: 360.

    =Bass, Jeremiah=, purchase of lands by =18=: 588 _sq._

    =Bassett Place=, soapstone mine on =15=: 131.

    =Bassler, R. S.=, acknowledgment to =41=: 494.

    =Basswood=
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 421, 505.
      use of =44=: 293, 307, 321, 334, 378.

    =Basswood Bark=, rope made from =32=: 122.

    =Bastian, A.=, on Northwest masks =3=: 113, 114.

    =Basutoland, _South Africa_=, petroglyphs in =10=: 182 _sq._

    =Bat=
      carving of the =2=: 144.
      how regarded by Central Americans =16=: 225.
      in Pima song =26=: 295.
      myths concerning =19=: 286 _sq._, 454.
      string figures of, of Guiana Indians =38=: § 682.
      trail in Canyon de Chelly =16=: 157.
      _See also_ =Bats=.

    =Bat House=
      description of ruin of =8=: 52.
      ruin of the =17=: 590.

    =Bat Mountain=, legend of =30=: 259.

    =Bates, H. W.=, cited =30=: 118, 157, 170, 174, 176, 180, 181, 242,
      275, 288, 298, 312, 328, 329, 330, 342, 352.

    =Batesville, Ark.=, occurrence of salt-making vessels near =20=: 28.

    =Bateys.= _See_ =Juegos de Bola=.

    =Bathing=
      among the Omaha =3=: 269.
      as a purifying rite =42=: 358, 359, 360, 366, 395, 553, 601, 604.
      attempt to obtain success by =31=: 451.
      baskets used for =41=: 199, 396.
      ceremonial =47=: 506, 777, 868 _sq._
      customs of =42=: 520 _sq._
      for purification =35=: 1123.
      in Ghost dance ceremony =14=: 921.
      in medical practice of the Cherokees =7=: 333 _sq._, 335 _sq._
      mention of, among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 932.
      obligatory =42=: 699.
      omission of =30=: 272.
      punishment for neglect of =42=: 357.
      reference to =27=: 585.
      regulations concerning =42=: 365 _sq._
      ritual =47=: 286.
      strength obtained by, in cold water =31=: 451.
      symbolic =47=: 777.
      time for =30=: 131.
      _See also_ =Sweat Bath=; =Baths=.

    =Bathing Customs=
      of the Caribs =34=: 226, 230.
      various =44=: 224; =45=: 169, 174.
      _See also_ =Bathing=; =Baths=.

    =Baths=
      process of women’s =23=: 425.
      public, absence of, among the Omaha =13=: 274.
      sweat, of Kurahus =22, ii=: 26.
      use of =11=: 300.
      vapor, cedar used in =33=: 64.
      vapor, of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 922.
      _See also_ =Bathing=.

    =Bathtub=, occurrence of, Florida Peninsula, =20=: 130.

    =Bathtub Baskets=, terms for =41=: 396.

    =Bati´qtûba=, game of the Arapaho =14=: 1007.

    =Bátni=, the first pueblo of the Snake people of Tusayan =8=: 18.

    =Batons=
      ceremonial =34=: 210 _sq._
      clay, from Barbadoes =34=: 87.
      death-bringing =35=: 1216.
      from Dutch Guiana =34=: 132.
      mention of =25=: 195.
      of wood =34=: 132.

    =Batre, _Señor_=, visit of, to Cempoalan =25=: 234 _sq._

    =Batre Mineral Claim=, fort near =28=: 215 _sq._

    =Bats=
      legends concerning =30=: 221, 259, 276.
      omens drawn from =30=: 274.
      _See also_ =Bat=.

    =Bat’s Bane= =38=: § 934.

    =Batsi=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =Batt, _Capt._ Henry=, exploring party under =5=: 138.

    =Battenstick=, use of =2=: 434.

    =Battered Stone Implements= discussed =15=: 94.

    =Battering=, implements shaped by =15=: 26, 148.

    =Battey, Thomas C.=
      acknowledgments to =17=: 147.
      establishment of Indian schools by =17=: 198.
      first teacher among the Kiowa =17=: 193.
      on character of Lone-Wolf =17=: 199.
      on hostilities of 1874 =17=: 202.
      on Kicking-Bird =17=: 217.
      on Kiowa hostility in 1873 =17=: 337.
      on Kiowa hunting customs =17=: 230.
      on Kiowa medicine lodge =17=: 243.
      on Kiowa-Pawnee peacemaking =17=: 334.
      on Kiowa population in 1873 =17=: 235.
      on Kiowa raids in 1873 =17=: 337.
      on Pawnee war dance =17=: 335.
      on release of Kiowa chiefs =17=: 197
      on visiting ceremony =19=: 493.

    =Battiste Good=
      revelation of =10=: 289 _sq._
      winter count of =10=: 268 _sq._, 287-328.

    =Battle=, sign for =1=: 419.

    =Battle Rattlepod= =33=: 90.

    =Battle Records=
      Algonkin =10=: 557 _sq._
      French, from Indian account =10=: 558.
      from winter counts =10=: 561 _sqq._
      Iroquois-Algonkin =10=: 554 _sq._, 556.
      mention of =10=: 554-566.
      Ojibwa =10=: 556 _sq._
      of Little Bighorn =10=: 563-566.

    =Battlefield=, Chukchee-Eskimo =46=: 86, 117.

    =Battlemuleemauch=
      a Mitaui synonym =14=: 734.
      an Okanagan division =14=: 734.

    =Battowia=, Indian caves of =34=: 89.

    =Batts, ----=, on Tutelo habitat in 1671 =7=: 114.

    =Batts, Thomas=, exploration into Cherokee country by =19=: 31.

    =Batuca=, Opata settlement in Sonora =14=: 537.

    =Batz= day symbol discussed =16=: 241.

    =Bauer, M.= =46=: 367.

    =Bautista, Juan=, on Mexican rain-conjurers =14=: 150.

    =Bax̣ᵘbakwālanux̣ᵘsīwēᵋ= =35=: 1222.

    =Baxones=, flute reed instruments =38=: § 570.

    =Baxter, R. H.=, account of Snake dance by =16=: 274.

    =Bayagoula=
      a tribe of Choctaw confederacy =19=: 500.
      hoop and pole game of the =24=: 485.
      smoke holes used by the =42=: 688.

    =Bayard, Nicholas=, grant of lands to =18=: 580.

    =Bayley, G. W.=
      acknowledgments to =44=: 32.
      assistance of =42=: 9.

    =Bayou Maçon=, mounds near, of natural origin =44=: 434 _sq._

    =Bays=, used medicinally =42=: 670.

    =Ba-zhe-ech=, treaty signed by, in 1867 =17=: 186.

    =Beaches=, archeological remains on =46=: 172.

    =Beach’s Indian Miscellany=, cited =4=: 188.

    =Beacon Markings=, definition of =17=: 168*.

    =Bead=
      application of term =41=: 322.
      apron =38=: § 78, 549.
      grow on trees =38=: § 822.
      making =47=: 212.
      making among Zuñi =23=: 378.
      necklace made of =38=: § 535.
      threading of =38=: § 77.
      variety of =38=: § 73-76.
      _See also_ =Beading=; =Beads=.

    =Bead Bread.= _See_ =Popped Corn=.

    =Bead Water=
      preparation of =30=: 76.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 76.

    =Beaded Bags= of the Menomini =14=: 74.

    =Beaded Designs= =41=: 234 _sqq._

    =Beading=
      as ornamentation =41=: 362.
      materials used for =41=: 155.
      methods of =41=: 223-226.
      relation of, to imbrication =41=: 384 _sq._
      terms used in =41=: 400.
      time required for =41=: 413.
      _See also_ =Bead=; =Beads=.

    =Beadle, J. H.=
      Canyon de Chelly visited by =16=: 80.
      quoted on Canyon de Chelly =16=: 86.

    =Beads=
      amethyst =44=: 104.
      among the Pima =26=: 28, 163.
      bird bone =44=: 138.
      bone =44=: 137 _sq._
      bone, finding of, at Chaves Pass ruins =22, i=: 95.
      classification of =2=: 219.
      clay, occurrence of, eastern United States =20=: 25, 42.
      clay, occurrence of, Florida Peninsula =20=: 119, 124.
      clay, occurrence of, Middle Mississippi Valley province =20=: 83.
      columella, specimens obtained =44=: 158.
      copper, found in graves =44=: 461, 462.
      discoidal in form =2=: 221.
      disk, specimens obtained =44=: 163.
      Eskimo =9=: 149.
      Eskimo fishing apparatus made of =18=: 177 _sqq._
      Eskimo ornamentation by =18=: 33-36, 38, 45-49, 52, 58, 84, 105,
        228, 285, 344.
      Eskimo, and earrings =18=: 52-57.
      European, worn by Mission Indians =44=: 147.
      found in graves at Sikyatki =14=: 519.
      found in shell-heap burials =44=: 445.
      from Awatobi =17=: 628.
      glass, taken from mound =44=: 167.
      hinge =44=: 160.
      in Sikyatki graves =17=: 733.
      mention of =25=: 108 _sq._, 192; =34=: 231 _sq._
      miscellaneous stone =44=: 104.
      of different materials =2=: 219, 232, 235.
      Pismo clamshell =44=: 155.
      pottery =41=: 521, 522.
      recovered from child’s grave =41=: 529.
      resemblance of spindle whorls to clay =20=: 33.
      rock-oyster shell =44=: 160.
      Russian glass =46=: 61, 136, 173, 363.
      steatite disk =44=: 103.
      South Appalachian group, occurrence of, in burial vase =20=: 136.
      use of =42=: 685; =46=: 590.
      use of, in imprinting textile patterns =20=: 79.
      use of, in initiation =47=: 315.
      used for necklaces =45=: 81.
      used in embroidery =13=: 28.
      Venetian, occurrence of, in Florida mounds =20=: 720.
      _See also_ =Bead=; =Beads, Shell=; =Beads, Stone=; =Nodes=;
        =Wampum=.

    =Beads, Shell=
      from ruined Pueblo on Little Colorado River, description of =22,
        i=: 92 _sq._
      kinds of, used in belts =2=: 247.
      manner of stringing =2=: 234, 236, 244, 248.
      manufacture of =2=: 236.
      manufacture of, by whites =2=: 238.
      massive in form =2=: 223.
      mention of =2=: 219.
      mnemonic use of =2=: 240, 254.
      or “runtees” =2=: 228.
      perforated =2=: 219.
      tubular in form =2=: 226.
      use of, as money =2=: 219, 233.
      use of, as ornaments =2=: 219, 230, 234.

    =Beads, Stone=
      from Casa Grande =28=: 131.
      mention of =44=: 103 _sqq._

    =Beadwork=
      mention of =45=: 47.
      of the Menomini =14=: 264, 265, 269-272.
      on clothing =45=: 78 _sq._, 337 _sqq._
      patterns for =44=: 390.
      taught to girls =40=: 309.

    =Beak=, appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 67, 78,
      80.

    =Beale, ----=, location of land by =18=: 789.

    =Beale Wagon Road= =4=: 30.

    =Beams=
      Chaco pueblos, how squared =8=: 184.
      construction of steps upon =8=: 162.
      for supporting passageway wall =8=: 181.
      for supporting upper walls =8=: 144.
      modern finish of =8=: 149.
      of missions in Walpi houses =17=: 586.
      of Palatki ruin =17=: 557.
      Tusayan kivas, taken from Spanish church at Shumopavi =8=: 76.

    =Bean, _Lieutenant_ ----=, part taken by, at Horseshoe Bend =19=:
      95.

    =Bean, _Mrs._ ----=, rescue of, by Nancy Ward =19=: 48, 204, 490.

    =Bean, T. H.=, ethnologic specimens collected by =18=: 80, 87, 171.

    =Bean=, a female man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 174.

    =Bean=
      garden =33=: 96.
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 424, 471.
      probable place of origin =33=: 59.
      _See also_ =Beans=; =Wild Bean=.

    =Bean, Ground= =33=: 95.

    =Bean Katcina.= _See_ =Muzribi=.

    =Bean Planting=
      mention of =21=: 22.
      _See also_ =Powamû=.

    =Bean-planting Ceremony= of the Hopi =17=: 702.

    =Beans=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 68, 101.
      as food among the Omahas =3=: 308.
      aversion to, by Egyptians and Abyssinians =9=: 517.
      celebration of new crop of =42=: 550, 568.
      ceremonially grown =15=: 276, 279.
      colors of, importance of =30=: 69.
      how prepared =30=: 69 _sq._
      in Hopi ceremonies =21=: 31, 39, 70, 81.
      in Pima song =26=: 326.
      mention of =33=: 136.
      stores of, kept by Indians =14=: 584.
      string of, used as a signal by Tecumseh =9=: 555.
      traded by Pima =26=: 94.
      used in folklore =30=: 85.
      varieties of, raised by the Pima =26=: 76, 92.
      wild, found by Coronado =14=: 507.
      _See also_ =Bean=; =Wild Bean=.

    =Bean Shooter=
      used by =24=:
        Hopi 760.
        Makah 761.
        Mono 760.
        Opitchesaht 761.
        Southwest tribes 760.
        Zuñi 761.

    =Bean Vines= in Tusayan ceremony =16=: 280, 283.

    =Bear=
      _among the Eskimo_--
        arrows for killing =9=: 202.
        belief in supernatural powers of =18=: 438.
        encounters with =18=: 120.
        lance for hunting =9=: 240.
        legends of red =18=: 467-471.
        methods of hunting and trapping =18=: 120-123.
        uses of intestine of =18=: 118.
      _among the Pima_--
        diseases caused by =26=: 262.
        in song =26=: 318 _sq._
      _among the Tlingit_--
        as a charm =26=: 454.
        chief’s name =26=: 407.
        in calendar =26=: 426.
        in mythology =26=: 451.
        mask of =26=: 436.
        name of gaming stick =26=: 444.
        treatment of head =26=: 451.
      association of, with curing =47=: 528, 531 _sq._, 784, 794.
      associations, with Tha´tada gens =27=: 42.
      beliefs concerning =44=: 324; =45=: 184, 289.
      bones of, to give magic power =32=: 343.
      claws of, worn as necklace =46=: 553.
      connection with Moⁿchu´ithaethe =27=: 486 _sq._
      dead, invocation to =46=: 499 _sqq._
      flayed, ceremony over =23=: 126.
      hunting of =27=: 275; =44=: 241 _sq._
      in Tewa conception =29=: 43.
      invoked in medicine =30=: 60.
      killed by shooting in forefoot =32=: 343.
      killing of =46=: 537 _sq._
      meat of =46=: 105.
      modeled representation of, Iroquoian pipes =20=: 174.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 250, 264, 268, 273 _sq._, 286
        _sq._, 325-329, 411, 436, 446 _sq._, 450 _sqq._, 472 _sqq._,
        504.
      myths concerning =11=: 39, 47, 477.
      nurses and cares for boy =32=: 442.
      of the Ungava district =11=: 174.
      polar =46=: 104, 105.
      signs for =1=: 412.
      songs of =19=: 400, 401.
      symbol of fire =45=: 644.
      _See also_ =Black Bear=; =Grizzly Bear=.

    =Bear=
      a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 173, 303.
      _See also_ =Honau=.

    =“Bear, The,”= revenue cutter =46=: 30, 86, 88, 90, 91, 104, 112,
      117, 119, 120, 123, 172.

    =Bear and Eagle=
      folk tale of =14=: 217.
      in Menomini mythology =14=: 91, 131, 169, 175, 200, 254.
      in pueblo region =14=: 518, 560.
      totem, Menomini, importance of =14=: 45.

    =Bear Butte=, myths concerning =11=: 449.

    =Bear Clan=
      associated with Snake-Antelope societies at Walpi =19=: 624.
      associations of =42=: 149.
      costume worn by members of =23=: 473.
      customs of =37=: 227 _sq._, 148-153.
      dance for benefit of =37=: 386.
      early arrival of, at Tusayan =17=: 582.
      feast of =37=: 321.
      functions of =37=: 200, 226.
      importance of =37=: 226.
      insignia of =37=: 226.
      introduction of katcina by member of =2=: 111.
      known as Soldier Clan =37=: 218.
      lodge of =37=: 226, 229.
      native names for =42=: 115.
      origin myths of =37=: 225.
      performance of members of =23=: 473.
      personal names of =37=: 236 _sq._
      relations of, with Wolf Clan =37=: 227.
      same as Ke Clan =19=: 615, 618.
      size of =47=: 35.
      songs of =37=: 235.
      story concerning =42=: 110.
      story of origin of =42=: 113.
      symbol of =37=: 203.
      war-bundle feast of =37=: 547-550.
      _See also_ =Honau Clan=.

    =Bear Claws=, used for necklaces =45=: 82.

    =Bear Creek Chippewa=, reservation for =18=: 810.

    =Bear Dance=
      description of =42=: 527.
      mention of =42=: 523, 524.

    =Bear Designs=, on food-bowl from Four-mile ruins, description and
      figure of =22, i=: 153, 154.

    =Bear Disease=, description of =42=: 640.

    =Bear Family of Hano=, mask owned by =21=: 112.

    =Bear Family of Walpi=, similarity of mask of, to that of Ke Towa
      Bisena =21=: 112.

    =Bear Feast=, origin myth of =37=: 301 _sq._

    =Bear Fetish, White=, Zuñi =2=: 40.

    =Bear Gens=, reference to =40=: 358, 515.

    =Bear Grass=, in Cherokee lore =19=: 420.

    =Bear Hunt=, description of =37=: 111 _sq._

    =Bear Katcinas=
      personation of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 41.
      similarity of symbolism of, to those of the badger =21=: 95.

    =Bear Lodge=, Kiowa mythic origin of =17=: 160.

    =Bear-lying-down.= _See_ =Set-emâ´-i=.

    =Bear Man=, myth of =19=: 262, 327 _sqq._

    =Bear Medicine= of the Chippewa =44=: 324.

    =Bear _or_ Effigy Mound=, examination of =44=: 494.

    Bea=r-on-trees.= _See_ =Set-ägyaí=.

    =Bear Paws=, appearance of, in picture of Hopi katcinas =21=: 95,
      112.

    =Bear People=
      movements of =8=: 27, 30, 31, 38.
      removal to Walpi of the =8=: 21, 27.
      settlement in Tusayan of the =8=: 20, 26.

    =Bear Point, Ala.=, pottery from =20=: 106 _sq._

    =Bear Sign=, on Eskimo implements =18=: 326 _sq._

    =Bear Songs and Dances=, origin of =32=: 658.

    =Bear-Track=, a noted shaman =45=: 384 _sq._

    =Bearberry=
      mention of =33=: 108.
      use of =44=: 287, 318, 377; =45=: 457, 458, 486, 493, 494, 514.
      _See also_ =Arctostaphylos Uva-ursi=.

    =Bearberry Honeysuckle=
      belief concerning =45=: 511.
      use of =45=: 489.

    =Beard, John=, killing of Indians by =19=: 74.

    =Beard=, a Broken Arrow chief =42=: 322.

    =Beards=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 72, 84, 86, 88,
        99, 110, 112.
      extraction of =46=: 593.
      of Eskimo men =18=: 26 _sq._
      removal of =45=: 83, 241.
      Western Eskimo =46=: 213-227, 249.

    =Beardslee, _Commander_ L. A. (_U. S. N._)=, material collected by
      =24=: 243.

    =Beard-tongue=
      rabbit sticks made from =30=: 96.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 95 _sq._

    =Bears=
      guarding pathway to chestnuts =32=: 505.
      hunting of =42=: 693.
      taboo of, to the _taíme_ =17=: 323.
      used to convey boy =32=: 284.

    =Bear’s Gall=, use of =44=: 330.

    =Bear’s Oil=, use of, at busk =42=: 598 _sq._

    =Bear’s Paw Design=, on pottery from Pueblo ruins, figures showing
      =22, i=: 73, 155.

    =Bearskin, John=, songs recorded from =48=: 16.

    =Bearskin=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 112.
      Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 31, 35, 38, 39, 40.
      Eskimo house-fittings made of =18=: 243, 246.

    =Bearskin-rope People=, settlement in Tusayan of the =8=: 26, 27.

    =Beasley, _Maj._ Daniel=, commander of Fort Mims =19=: 216.

    =Beast Fable=, development of =19=: XXXII _sq._

    =Beast God Societies=, activities of =47=: 528.

    =Beast Gods=
      creation of =23=: 49, 409.
      cult of =47=: 528-534.
      definition of =21=: 135.
      food deposited for =23=: 492.
      medicine of, collection of =23=: 552 _sq._
      name given to =23=: 409.
      offering of game to =23=: 440.
      one selected for each region =23=: 49.
      reference to =29=: 43.
      singing of songs to =23=: 515.

    =Beasts=
      change of men into =30=: 149, 150 _sq._, 182, 184.
      mythic, believed in by the Eskimos =18=: 394.
      _See also_ =Animals=.

    =Beatty, Charles=, describes wampum belts =2=: 250.

    =Beauchamp, _Rev._ William M.=
      acknowledgments to =20=: 17; =29=: 12.
      beads sketched by =2=: 228.
      chapter written by =12=: 540-550.
      engaged as special aid =12=: 19.
      exploration of Iroquoian province by =20=: 159.
      indebtedness to, acknowledged =12=: 25.
      information furnished by =12=: 503.
      on ancient Micmac village =24=: 77.
      on belts of wampum =2=: 252.
      on dice games of the Onondaga =24=: 111.
      on hidden ball of the Onondaga =24=: 349.
      on strings of wampum =2=: 248.
      studies in Iroquoian pottery by =20=: 167.

    =Beaulieu, G. H.=
      information furnished by =24=: 401.
      material collected by =24=: 64, 65, 401.
      on dice games of the Chippewa =24=: 65.
      on snow-snake of the Chippewa =24=: 401 _sq._

    =Beauty=
      appreciation of =33=: 32, 328, 617, 630, 646.
      Eskimo =46=: 107, 213.
      Indian =46=: 151.
      native children =46=: 59.
      test of =33=: 657.

    =Beaux Banter=, Tukabahchee chief =42=: 322.

    =Beaver, ----= on Ohio Cherokee =19=: 79.

    =Beaver=
      a life symbol =36=: 99, 100.
      a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 174, 202, 287, 315.
      chase of =11=: 316.
      Cherokee myths and lore concerning =19=: 266, 314 _sq._, 465
        _sq._, 474.
      eaten by the Pima =26=: 81.
      Eskimo belief in supernatural powers of =18=: 438.
      Eskimo methods of trapping =18=: 123, 125.
      Eskimo use of skin of, as unit of value =18=: 232.
      illness caused by =42=: 644.
      in Menomini myth =14=: 134.
      in Pima song =26=: 320.
      in Tlingit mythology =26=: 452.
      modeled representation of, Middle Mississippi Valley pottery
        =20=: 107.
      myths concerning =11=: 339, 439.
      name of Tlingit gaming stick =26=: 444.
      Tlingit crest animal =26=: 416, 420.
      Tlingit house-group name =26=: 401.
      trapping of =46=: 411, 538.
      value of skin of, among the Eskimo =18=: 225.

    =Beaver, The=, reservation for =18=: 716.

    =Beaver Clan=
      native names for =42=: 115.
      origin of =42=: 111, 113.
      position of =42=: 148 _sq._
      story concerning =42=: 108.

    =Beaver Creek, Nebr.=
      cliff ruin, description of =13=: 186.
      pictographs on =4=: 27.
      pottery from =20=: 199 _sq._
      reference to =27=: 100, 101.

    =Beaver Dance=, mention of =42=: 523, 534.

    =Beaver Dish=, mention of =35=: 736, 806, 811, 814, 815, 816, 840,
      962, 1040, 1349.

    =Beaver Hat=, explanation of =31=: 270 _sqq._

    =“Beaver Hat,”= Pima account of =26=: 81.

    =Beaver Hunter and his Sister=, folk-tale of =14=: 222.

    =Beaver Hunting Ground=, cession of =18=: 552 _sqq._, 580 _sq._

    =Beaver Island Chippewa=, reservations for =18=: 756, 810.

    =Beaver Root= =33=: 107.

    =Beaver-tooth Tools=, Eskimo =18=: 89 _sq._

    =Beavers=
      belief concerning =45=: 184, 291.
      called upon to destroy enemy =32=: 120.
      _See also_ =Beaver=.

    =Becancour=
      Indians residing at =43=: 169.
      native name for =43=: 169.
      origin of Indians at =43=: 171.

    =Becerillo= =25=: 40.

    =Bechamel, F.= _See_ =Grillet and Bechamel=.

    =Bechtler=, coining of gold by =19=: 220.

    =Bechuana _of_ Africa=
      burial of the =1=: 126.
      perforated stones of the =13=: 98.

    =Beck, Lewis C.=, cited =12=: 629, 658.

    =Becker, G. F.=, on Southern gold fields =19=: 221.

    =Beckham, Henry=, grant of land to =18=: 580.

    =Beckley, W. Va.=, trail passing =42=: 767.

    =Beckwith, ----=, on Pit River stone-chipping =13=: 141.

    =Beckwith, _Dr._ Martha Warren=
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      note on accompanying paper of =33=: 40.
      paper by =39=: 24; =40=: 17.

    =Beckwith, Paul=, material collected by =24=: 185.

    =Beckwourth, James=, on Crow mourning =1=: 183.

    =Bed=
      in square ground, sketch of =42=: 187.
      of Prairie tribes =14=: 963.
      _See also_ =Beds=.

    =Bed Dance=
      mention of =42=: 524.
      no details known of =42=: 529.

    =Be´dalpago=, Kiowa name of the whites =14=: 978.

    =Bedding=
      of child, hidden in cave =35=: 671, 673.
      toy, of Eskimo children =18=: 345.
      _See also_ =Beds=; etc.

    =Bede, The Venerable=, treatise on gestures =1=: 287.

    =Beds=
      and bedding =45=: 63 _sq._, 229.
      and bedding of the Omaha =13=: 275.
      construction of =42=: 689.
      discussion of position of =42=: 199 _sq._
      erection of, for new ground =42=: 545.
      names given to =42=: 191 _sq._
      number of =42=: 187.
      of the Menomini =14=: 272.
      of the Tsimshian, location of =31=: 395.
      orientation of =42=: 18.
      position of, in various towns =42=: 197-200.
      surrounding square ground =42=: 181-187.
      _See also_ =Bed=; =Bedding=.

    =Bedsteads=, not used by the Pueblos =8=: 214.

    =Bedstraw=, fragrant =33=: 115.

    =Bee=
      imitation of, by Hopi katcinas =21=: 81.
      mention of =11=: 54.
      _See also_ =Bees=; =Honey=.

    =Bee Plant= used for food =30=: 69.

    =Beechey, _Capt._ Frederick W.=
      cited on Eskimo seal dart =9=: 252.
      cited on Eskimo superstitions =9=: 434.
      description of Eskimo bracer by =9=: 210.
      description of Eskimo seal dart by =9=: 218.
      description of Eskimo umiak by =9=: 343.
      mention of =46=: 168, 205, 214, 219, 228.
      on lodge burial =1=: 154.
      work consulted =9=: 21.

    =Beede, A. McG.=, specimen presented by =36=: 34.

    =Beef=
      dried, chemical composition of =19=: 1082.
      first issued to Dakotas =4=: 125.

    =Beekman, Dora=, founder of the Beekmanites =14=: 945.

    =Been.= _See_ =Ben=.

    =“Beer” Chicha= =38=: § 256.

    =Bees=
      among the Cherokee =19=: 82, 214.
      and excreta =38=: § 721, 935.
      and wasps eaten =38=: § 226.
      controlled by medicine men =30=: 341.
      domestic =38=: § 726.
      effect of water on =30=: 201.
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 309.
      legends concerning =30=: 199 _sqq._, 204 _sq._, 305.
      presage from =30=: 276 _sq._
      _See also_ =Bee=.

    =Beeswax= =38=: § 5, 24.

    =Beetle, Sawyer=, talismans from =30=: 289.

    =Beetle-wing Cases=, music =38=: § 575.

    =Beetles=
      eaten by the Guiana Indians =38=: § 224.
      in Mohave mythology =26=: 252.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 232, 248.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 239, 308, 314, 430, 463.
      string figures =38=: § 665.
      used by the Eskimo =18=: 88.
      whistling, omen from =30=: 272.
      _See also_ =Water Beetle=.

    =Before=, pictographs for =10=: 589.

    =Beggary=, among the Point Barrow Eskimo =9=: 42.

    =Begging=, among the Eskimo =18=: 295, 300.

    =Begging Ceremony= =37=: 387; =45=: 389.

    =Begging Dance= =3=: 355; =35=: 856.

    =Behavior=, Western Eskimo =46=: 92, 94, 107, 134, 213-228, 240,
      250.

    =Beheaders=, term applied to the Dakota =17=: 281.

    =Behechio=, a Haitian cacique =25=: 49, 70, 81.

    =Behersda Tree=, for tinder =38=: § 1.

    =Behne, K. A.=, specimens purchased from =37=: 30.

    =Behrendt, _Dr._ Carl Hermann=, on Maya numeral system =19=: 892.

    =Beille O’Beille=, authority for Iroquoian myth =2=: 59.

    =Beings=
      not called katcinas, description of =21=: 118, 121.
      primal, in Iroquoian thought =21=: 135.

    =Bejarano, Servan=, testimony of =14=: 598.

    =Belcher=, mound at =44=: 407.

    =Belden, George=
      on dice games, Yankton Dakota =24=: 184 _sq._
      on shinny, Yankton Dakota =24=: 639 _sqq._

    =Belden, John= purchase of land by =18=: 618.

    =Beliefs=
      and customs, Kwakiutl =35=: 603-748.
      character of primitive =11=: XLIV, 67.
      concerning animal food =41=: 608.
      concerning animals =46=: 487.
      concerning astronomy =46=: 414-418.
      conserning birds =47=: 639.
      concerning buffalo =11=: 475.
      concerning charms =45=: 118 _sq._, 196 _sq._, 394 _sq._, 505 _sq._
      concerning crime =46=: 479-483.
      concerning future life =46=: 418.
      concerning Great Spirit =46=: 397.
      concerning plants =45=: 507-510.
      concerning pregnancy =47=: 213.
      concerning prehistoric animals =46=: 412.
      concerning remedies =43=: 267-270.
      concerning source of life =45=: 631.
      concerning terrestrial rights =46=: 476 _sqq._
      concerning the earth =46=: 406.
      concerning witchcraft =47=: 204, 205, 242 _sq._
      in future state =45=: 596.
      in Great Spirit =11=: 365, 431.
      mortuary =11=: 143, 192.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 196.
      of the Flathead =45=: 394 _sq._
      of the Okanagon =45=: 294.
      of the Southern Indians =41=: 544.
      primitive, definition of =16=: 22.
      regarding birth =35=: 651-657.
      regarding coffins =35=: 687.
      regarding cripples =35=: 696.
      regarding currants =35=: 575.
      regarding fern roots =35=: 524.
      regarding food caught by a deceased person =35=: 1330.
      regarding hearing of game animals =35=: 637.
      regarding maturing girls =35=: 700.
      regarding stones in stomach of halibut =35=: 1324.
      regarding twins of opposite sexes =35=: 713.
      relating to devil-fish =35=: 614.
      relating to first halibut of season =35=: 247.
      Siouan peoples, not found among =11=: 371.

    =Belkofski= =46=: 189.

    =Bell, ----=, a wilderness worshipper =14=: 946.

    =Bell, _Prof._ A. Graham=, on vocal articulation of dogs =1=: 275.

    =Bell, Charles N.=, on influence of wild rice on geographic
      nomenclature =19=: 1121.

    =Bell, E.= =46=: 219.

    =Bell, James=, cited =12=: 673.

    =Bell, John=, flight of =19=: 134.

    =Bell, R.=, sale of interest in certain lands by =18=: 671.

    =Bell=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 89.
      clay, from Awatobi =17=: 628.
      copper fragments of, from Awatobi =17=: 609, 631.
      ringing of, in Hopi festival =21=: 37.
      use of, by Hopi katcinas =21=: 77.
      used in Hopi ceremony =17=: 628.

    =Bell Clapper=, recovered from mound =44=: 166.

    =Bell County, Ky.=, image found in =41=: 565.

    =Bell Shell Ornament= for lip =38=: § 74.

    =Bellabella=
      divided into matrilineal groups =31=: 480.
      exogamic groups of the =31=: 481.
      of Millbank Sound =31=: 480.
      recorded tribes of =31=: 481.
      stick games of the =24=: 263.

    =Bellabella and Nootka Tales= =31=: 883-935.

    =Bellacoola Indians=
      ceremonial dress of the =10=: 431.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 155.
        hand game 299.
        hoop and pole 421, 489 _sq._
        shuttlecock 717.
        stick games 249.
      population of =7=: 105, 131.

    =Bellevue, Nebr.=, references to =27=: 100, 626, 632, 633.

    =Bellevue College=, reference to =27=: 627.

    =Bellevue, Treaty of= =18=: 762; =27=: 623.

    =Bellomont, Earl of= cited on the Tutelo =7=: 114.
      instructions on Indian affairs to =18=: 580.

    =Bellows= used by Navaho silversmiths =3=: 172.

    =Bells=
      Ahouai seeds used as =38=: § 574.
      copper, from Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 50, 111, 162 _sq._
      used in Shaker ceremony =14=: 749, 755.
      used in Smohalla worship =14=: 730.

    =Bellucia Aubleti=
      for paint =38=: § 28.
      for pottery =38=: § 94.

    =Belly Basket= =38=: § 439.

    =Belmar, Francisco=
      on formation of Mazateca numbers above ten =19=: 888 _sq._
      on Mazateca method of counting =19=: 879.
      on Trike numerals =19=: 908.
      on Zapotecan number names =19=: 872.

    =Belmont County, Ohio=, rock carvings in =4=: 21.

    =Beloved Men=
      a class of officials =42=: 301-304.
      part taken by, in the busk =42=: 302.
      position of, in the beds =42=: 302 _sq._
      rulers of Creek Nation =42=: 303 _sq._

    =Belt=
      amulet, Eskimo =18=: 435.
      mention of =35=: 143.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 543 _sqq._
      worn by Eskimo during ceremonies =18=: 421.
      _See also_ =Belts=.

    =Belt fasteners=, of the Eskimo =9=: 138.

    =Belt Frame=
      figures showing =22, i=: 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 115, 116,
        117, 118, 132, 146, 147, 148, 154.
      stone used in, from Pueblo ruins, description of =22, i=: 73-81,
        115-118, 146 _sqq._

    =Beltrami, J. C.=
      on burial feast =1=: 190.
      on burial posts =1=: 197.
      on Dakota wild-rice moon =19=: 1090.
      on Dakotas =4=: 104 _sq._
      on influence of wild rice on geographic nomenclature =19=: 1121,
        1122.
      on population of the Fox =19=: 1051.

    =Beltran, ----.=
      on Maya numerals =19=: 897.
      on Maya numerals above ten =19=: 890-893.

    =Belts=
      and belt buttons, Eskimo =18=: 59-63.
      description of =45=: 69.
      events recorded in =42=: 455.
      instructions in making =40=: 303.
      materials used for =42=: 681.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 135-138.
      of the Menomini =14=: 272.
      _See also_ =Belt=; =Belts, Wampum=.

    =Belts, Wampum=
      Brice (W. A.) on use and repudiation of =2=: 242, 246.
      character of the patterns woven into =2=: 240, 246, 248.
      dimensions of =2=: 250, 253.
      keeper of the Iroquois =2=: 241, 244.
      made by Indian women =2=: 249.
      manufacture of =2=: 248.
      method of handling, in councils =2=: 241, 246.
      number of beads in =2=: 233, 251.
      profuse use of =2=: 242.
      rarity of, in collections =2=: 249.
      the Penn belt =2=: 253.
      use of, as mnemonic devices =2=: 240, 254.

    =Beluga.= _See_ =Whale, _white_=.

    =Ben= symbol in Maya hieroglyphs =16=: 218, 245.

    =Benabides, Dominga=
      exaggerated statistics of =47=: 24.
      mention of =47=: 258.

    =Benavides, Alonso de=
      on Acoma =29=: 543.
      on Chilili =29=: 531.
      on Isleta =29=: 529, 530.
      on Jemez =29=: 402.
      on methods of building pueblos =14=: 520.
      on Pecos =29=: 476.
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 305.
      on Sandia =29=: 526, 527.
      on Santa Clara =29=: 241.
      on Taos =29=: 182.
      on use of dogs by Plains Indians =14=: 527.
      Southwestern missions founded by =13=: 327.

    =Bench=
      around cliff kivas =16=: 121, 136, 137, 138, 177.
      domestic =38=: § 328, 331.
      for acouri, etc. =38=: § 164.
      in cliff outlook =16=: 151.
      wooden, of the Oyana =38=: § 328.
      _See also_ =Alligator Stools=; =Benches=; =Medicine-men, _bench_=.

    =Benches=
      in Eskimo houses =18=: 245, 246.
      in Navaho houses =17=: 496.
      Mashongnavi mungkiva =8=: 127.
      Pueblo houses, around rooms of =8=: 213.
      Tusayan kivas =8=: 121, 123, 125.
      Zuñi rooms =8=: 110.

    =Benchlike Recess= in cliff kiva =16=: 124.

    =Bending-Post-Oak House Group=, story of =44=: 207.

    =Bendire, _Capt._ Charles=
      on petrographs =4=: 26.
      petroglyphs reported by =10=: 122.
      stone relics from Oregon sent by =3=: 492.

    =Benel=, meaning of =16=: 245.

    =Bengal=, account sticks or strings used by natives of =10=: 264.

    =Benham Collections= of Gila Valley antiquities =28=: 119.

    =Bĕni´nĕna=, an Arapaho warrior society =14=: 986.

    =Benitez=, death of =14=: 500.

    =Bennings=, quartzite blades from =15=: 79.

    =Bennett, ----=, agreement concluded by =18=: 847.

    =Bennett, L. E.=, on schools in Cherokee nation =19=: 152.

    =Benoit, Felix=, interpreter in Sioux outbreak =14=: 865.

    =Benopi= land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =Benson, H. C.=, on Choctaw burial =1=: 186.

    =Bent, Charles=, on Nambé Pueblo =29=: 358.

    =Bent, George=
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      on absence of clans among the Cheyenne =14=: 956.

    =Bent, Jesse=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Bent, William=
      an early Indian trader =17=: 172.
      at treaty of 1865 =17=: 180.
      on Plains tribes of 1859 =17=: 182.
      trading post of =17=: 283.

    =Bent Horn=, exhibition of shamanism by =11=: 417.

    =Benta=, monochord musical instrument =38=: § 571.

    =Bentham, ----=, on wild rice in eastern Russia =19=: 1037.

    =Bentham and Hooker=, on scientific synonym for wild rice =19=: 1021.

    =Bentley, _Mrs._=, information supplied by =42=: 839, 848, 849 _sq._

    =Bentley, Thomas=, steatite quarries reported by =15=: 125.

    =Bentley, William=, quoted on Salem’s Indian policy =18=: 605.

    =Benton, _Dr._ Elbert J.=, editorial work of =23=: XXXVIII, XLII;
      =24=: XXXIII; =25=: XXIII.

    =Benton, Owen’s Valley, Calif.=
      petroglyphs at =4=: 31, 32.
      petroglyphs near =10=: 58.

    =Bent’s Fort=, account of =17=: 382.

    =Benzoin æstivale=, medicinal use of =42=: 657.

    =Benzoni=
      as a historian =25=: 19 _sq._
      on character of Antilleans =25=: 31.
      on grinding maize =25=: 106.
      on Haitian ceremony for crops =25=: 67.
      on Haitian _zemis_ =25=: 54.
      on treatment of the sick =25=: 61 _sq._
      stone mullers figured by =25=: 99.

    =Benzoni, Girolami=, cited on Indian medicine-men =9=: 461.

    =Beothuk=, games of the =24=: 97.

    =Beothukan Family= =7=: 57 _sq._

    =Bequia=
      kitchen middens of =34=: 89.
      number of specimens from =34=: 49.

    =Berard, _Father_.= _See_ =Haile, _Rev._ Berard=.

    =Berberidaceae= =33=: 83.

    =Berberis Aquifolium= =45=: 490, 502.

    =Berberis Nervosa= =45=: 490.

    =Berdaches=
      beliefs concerning =11=: 378.
      description of =45=: 384.
      how detected =40=: 257.
      mention of =11=: 467, 516.
      reference to =42=: 700.
      _See also_ =Transvestites=.

    =Berea, Ky.=, trail to =42=: 802.

    =Berendt, C. H.=, Mayan studies of =21=: XXVI.

    =Berg, H.= =46=: 31, 104, 108, 113, 118, 119, 120, 123, 172.

    =Bergamot=, wild =33=: 111.

    =Berger=, aid rendered by =17=: 13.

    =Berghaus, Heinrich=, linguistic literature of =7=: 16.

    =Bergmann, C. F. W.=, aid rendered by =17=: XLVI.

    =Bering, _Capt._ I. I. _or_ V.= =46=: 209.

    =Bering Sea=
      amphitheater of migrations from Asia =46=: 93, 95, 96.
      archeology of =46=: 144, 168, 363, 366.
      crania from =46=: 260, 364, 365.
      islands =46=: 255.

    =Bering Sea Eskimo=
      home of the =46=: 238.
      mention of =46=: 227, 359.

    =Bering Strait=
      character of people on =18=: 301 _sq._
      crania from =46=: 233.
      Eskimo of =46=: 225, 226, 227.
      masks from =3=: 135.
      memoir on Eskimo about =18=: 19-51.
      umiaks used on =18=: 217.

    =Berlin, Museum für Völkerkunde=
      celts in =34=: 177 _sq._
      Guesde collection in =34=: 128.
      West Indian objects in =34=: 50, 215, 218.

    =Berliner, Emile=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Berliner Gesellschaft für Anthropologie= etc., _Verhandlungen
      der,_ cited =6=: 409, 616.

    =Berkeley, _Sir_ William=
      exploring expedition by =5=: 138.
      instructions to =18=: 626, 627.

    =Berkeley, Lord=, grant to =18=: 530, 588.

    =Berks County=, aboriginal quarries in =15=: 78.

    =Bermejo.= _See_ =Vermejo=.

    =Bermuda Hundred, Va.=, trail from =42=: 775.

    =Bernabe, Chrisástomo Gil de=, establishment of mission by =17=:
      80 _sqq._

    =Bernal, _Capt._ Cristóbal M.=, reference to =28=: 16.

    =Bernaldez, Andros=
      on dress of Cuban cacique and wife =25=: 35.
      on second voyage of Columbus =25=: 203.
      on sentiments of Antilleans =25=: 32.
      on wearing of masks by Antilleans =25=: 136.

    =Bernalillo=, location of Tiguex at =14=: 391, 491.

    =Bernard, Joe= =46=: 38, 167, 211.

    =Bernau, J. H.=, cited =30=: 277, 302, 329, 343, 346, 356, 357, 358,
      371.

    =Berra, Orozco y=
      on origin of Mexican number names =19=: 875.
      _See also_ =Orozco=.

    =Berries=
      as food among Omahas =3=: 306.
      curing of, for food =45=: 342.
      eaten by the Eskimo =18=: 268.
      frame for drying =35=: 167.
      Indian names of =45=: 238 _sq._
      in Sikyatki graves =17=: 733.
      lists of, used for food =45=: 89 _sq._, 238 _sq._, 343, 485.
      magic appearance of =32=: 192.
      mention of =46=: 116.
      preservation of =45=: 93, 237, 240.
      use of, by the Chippewa =44=: 321.
      use of, by the Menomini =14=: 291.

    =Berry Baskets=, set of =35=: 211, 216.

    =Berry Cakes=
      as tribute to chief =35=: 1337.
      bundles of =35=: 263, 268, 281.
      making of =35=: 271-274,279.
      storing of =35=: 274, 275.

    =Berry Dance= of Northwestern Indians =14=: 728.

    =Berry Pickers=
      hiring of =35=: 211, 220.
      payment of =35=: 220.

    =Berryhill, William=
      dance description by =42=: 527.
      informant =42=: 534.

    =Berryman, Thomas= =46=: 31, 98, 99, 167.

    =Berryville, Va.=, archeological material from =42=: 18.

    =Berthond, _Capt._ E. L.=, on pictographs =4=: 27.

    =Béshĭltcha=, a Kiowa synonym =17=: 148.

    =Be´shiltchă=, a Kiowa synonym =14=: 1078.

    =Bess, Peter=
      discovers stone coffins =12=: 171.
      mounds on land of, in Missouri =12=: 170.

    =Bessels, _Dr._ Emil=
      acknowledgments to =7=: 73; =9=: 20.
      cited =6=: 412, 460, 486.
      cited on Eskimo abduction =9=: 411.
      cited on Eskimo bows =9=: 199.
      cited on Eskimo children =9=: 419.
      cited on Eskimo dog sledges =9=: 360.
      cited on Eskimo mourning =9=: 425.
      cited on infanticide among the Eskimo =9=: 417.
      cited on fire-making by the Eskimo =9=: 290.
      description of Eskimo lamp by =9=: 108.
      mention of =46=: 367.
      on affinity of cliff-dwellers and Pueblos =17=: 532.
      on Eskimo superstitions =1=: 198.

    =Bessey, _Dr._ Charles=
      on wild rice in Nebraska =19=: 1031.
      suggestions and encouragement given by =33=: 46.

    =Bessey and Weber=, on wild rice in Nebraska =19=: 1022.

    =Bête-rouge=, body vermin =38=: § 512.

    =Bethel= =46=: 192.

    =Betidĕĕ=, Kiowa Apache name of the Arapaho =14=: 953.

    =Betoya=, number names of =19=: 877.

    =Betoye Indians=
      beliefs as to god =30=: 117, 118.
      beliefs as to spirits =30=: 181.

    =Betrothals=
      among the Eskimo =18=: 291,292.
      among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 868.
      _See also_ =Marriage=.

    =Betsch, C.= =46=: 31, 70 _sqq._, 170.

    =Betting=
      on races =46=: 566; =47=: 326.
      on results of ball play =38=: § 603.

    =Betula=, used medicinally =42=: 659.

    =Betula Nigra=, use of =44=: 287, 342.

    =Betula Papyrifera=
      mention of =33=: 75.
      use of =44=: 288, 364, 369, 377.

    =Betulaceae= =33=: 74.

    =Bevan, Joseph Vallence=, brief compiled by =42=: 309.

    =Beveled Flints=, notes on =13=: 177.

    =Beverages=, used by the Chippewa =44=: 317.

    =Beverley, R.=, on Virginia Indian land clearing =13=: 72.

    =Beverley, Roger=, on stick games, Powhatan =24=: 232.

    =Beverly, Robert=
      cited =12=: 668, 685, 686; =30=: 47.
      describes shell beads =2=: 229.
      describes shell money =2=: 237.
      describes shell pendants =2=: 256.
      describes shell spoon =2=: 201.
      mentions shell knives =2=: 202.
      mentions shell tweezers =2=: 212.
      on Indian agriculture =12=: 617.
      on shell ornaments =5=: 92.
      on Virginia mummies =1=: 131.

    =Bevill, _Doctor_ ----=, excavations made by =44=: 465.

    =Beyer, George E.=, on wild rice in Louisiana =19=: 1030.

    =Bíako=, shooting of =17=: 335.

    =Biañki=
      account of =14=: 909 _sq._
      compared with other prophets =14=: 930.
      influence of, in Ghost-dance =14=: 914.

    =Bible=
      on war symbols =4=: 88.
      Shaker regard for the =14=: 750, 755.
      story among the Cherokee =19=: 235 _sq._
      translation of, into Cherokee =19=: 108, 110 _sq._, 163.
      use of, in Peyote religion =37=: 394.

    =Bibliography=
      linguistic, work on =13=: XLI.
      of Coronado Expedition =14=: 599.
      of North American languages =3=: XXVI.
      of North American philology =1=: XV; =2=: XXI.
      of the Bureau of American Ethnology =16=: CI-CXIX.
      of the languages of North American Indians =6=: XXIV _sqq._
      of the Snake dance =16=: 312.
      select Fox =40=: 30-36.
      summary of work in =15=: LXXXVII.
      work in =14=: XLIII; =15=: XXIII, XXVI, XXXI, XXXV, XL, XLIX,
        LIV, LXI, LXV, LXVIII; =16=: XXI, XXV, XXVIII, XXXII, XXXVII,
        XXXIX, XLI, XLV, XLIX, LXXVII; =17=: LV; =18=: XLVI; =19=: XXX;
        =29=: 585 _sqq._; =30=: 113-116; =31=: 39; =44=: 368.

    =Bice´waaⁿ.= _See_ =Love Songs=.

    =Bickales=, duties of =47=: 52 _sq._, 55.

    =Bickford, F. D.=, on cliff houses in Walnut Canyon =17=: 532.

    =Bickford, F. T.=
      cliff ruins described by =16=: 81.
      field work of =6=: XXVIII.

    =Bickmore, Albert S.=, allowed use of masks =3=: 101.

    =Bidai=, status of the =14=: 1093.

    =Biddle, _Maj._ J.=, Indian operations under =17=: 212.

    =Biddle, James W.=
      on duck in Green Bay =19=: 1098.
      on death of Tomau =14=: 56.
      on wild rice eaten with corn and fish =19=: 1084.
      quoted on Tomau =14=: 54 _sq._

    =Biedma, Luis Hernandez de=
      cited =12=: 646, 648, 669, 685.
      on De Soto’s expedition =19=: 26, 191-201.

    =Bienville, ----=, on Natchez among Cherokee =19=: 386.

    =Bierce, L. V.=, cited =12=: 658.

    =Bifa=, a vegetable dye =25=: 34.

    =Big=, pictographs meaning =10=: 586 _sq._

    =Big Bear.= _See_ =Yâne´gwa=.

    =Big Blue Biver=, remains of Pawnee villages on =20=: 200.

    =Big Bone Creek=, trail terminated at =42=: 789.

    =Big Bone Lick=
      description of =42=: 790 _sq._
      extinct animals buried at =42=: 742.
      importance of =42=: 790.
      salt making at =42=: 741 _sq._
      trails to =42=: 788, 789, 793.

    =Big Bow.= _See_ =Zépko-eétte=.

    =Big Burro Canyon=, reference to =28=: 209.

    =Big-Canoe=, a subchief of the Pend d’Oreilles =45=: 377.

    =Big Cook.= _See_ =U´hoⁿtoⁿga=.

    =Big Cove=, purchase of =19=: 161.

    =Big Cypress Swamp=, Seminole settlement =5=: 477, 478, 499, 507,
      529.

    =Big Eagle=
      a Flathead chief =45=: 376.
      story of =45=: 362.

    =Big Elk=, name of three Omaha chiefs =27=: 83 _sq._

    =Big Elk, Omaha Chief=
      account of =27=: 83 _sq._, 631, 632.
      keeper of pack =27=: 554 _sq._, 558 _sq._
      references to =27=: 205, 405, 518, 562.

    =Big Elk, John=
      acknowledgments to =11=: 362.
      quoted on fetishes =11=: 414.

    =Big Pace.= _See_ =Tó`-édalte=.

    =Big Foot=
      arrest of band of =14=: 876.
      complaints by bands of =14=: 836.
      excitement among band of =14=: 848.
      game-wheel carried by band of =14=: 1075.
      ghost dance at camp of =14=: 847, 853.
      illness of =14=: 868.
      joined by Sitting Bull’s warriors =14=: 860.
      killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 870.
      military movement against =14=: 864.
      participation of, in Sioux outbreak =14=: 861.
      second flight of =14=: 865.
      surrender of =14=: 867.

    =Big Fox’s Village=, location of =37=: 51.

    =Big Goat.= _See_ =Tlisso Tso=.

    =Big Grizzly Bear=, cited on jugglery =11=: 417.

    =Big Harpeth Biver=, Indian settlements on =41=: 561.

    =Big Hawk=, a Flathead chief =45=: 376.

    =Big Hawk’s Village=, location of =37=: 51.

    =Big Head.= _See_ =´daltoñ-édal=.

    =Big Heart=
      acknowledgment to =27=: 58.
      on groups of Osage =27=: 62.

    =Big Horse Creek=, rock carvings on =4=: 22.

    =Big House.= _See_ =Square Ground=.

    =Big Indian Rock, Pa.= =10=: 106 _sq._

    =Big Jack=
      Hilibi informant =42=: 488.
      information from =42=: 111, 164, 256, 545, 546, 624.

    =Big Knife=
      a Kutenai chief =45=: 378.
      name applied to the English =27=: 611 _sq._

    =Big Lake=
      ceremonial objects from =18=: 412, 413.
      implements and utensils from =18=: 65, 70 _sq._, 105, 106, 107,
        112 _sq._, 134, 136, 147, 149, 157.
      manufactures from =18=: 199 _sqq._
      memorial images at =18=: 318 _sq._
      ornaments from =18=: 54, 58.
      physical characteristics of people of =18=: 27, 29.
      toys from =18=: 343, 346.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 223, 225.
      village near, description of =18=: 248.
      Yukon Delta, Eskimo =46=: 227.

    =Big Lick=
      cession of reserve at =18=: 764.
      reservation at =18=: 700.

    =Big-looking-glass.= _See_ =Piänä´-vonĭt=.

    =Big Man=, portrait made of =34=: 28.

    =Big Miami River=, trail up =42=: 840.

    =Big Mouth=, reference to =40=: 399.

    =Big Mush.= _See_ =Hard Mush=.

    =Big Pawnee=, flutes made by =13=: 282.

    =Big Ribs.= _See_ =Gúatoñ-Bain=.

    =Big Road=
      as a peacemaker =14=: 887.
      delegate to Washington =14=: 891.
      emissary to Bad Land’s refugees =14=: 867.
      Oglala chief =10=: 420.

    =Big Road’s Roster= =4=: 174 _sqq._

    =Big Rock=
      cession of reserve at =18=: 764.
      reservation at =18=: 700.

    =Big Sail=, reservation for =18=: 756.

    =Big Sandy=, trail along the =42=: 765, 766, 767, 768 _sq._

    =Big Sioux Biver=
      location of village sites on =41=: 64.
      references to =27=: 73, 74, 80.
      works along =12=: 35, 38.

    =Big Spring=
      cession of reserve at =18=: 734.
      reservation at =18=: 690.

    =Big Thunder=, material made by =24=: 406.

    =Big Tree=
      reservation at =18=: 658.
      _See_ =Ä´do-eétte.=

    =Big Turtle=, myth of =11=: 369.

    =Big Warrior=
      head chief of Upper towns =42=: 315, 329.
      speaker for Upper Creeks =42=: 328.

    =Big-witch=, death of =19=: 179.

    =Bigamy= among the Eskimo =18=: 292.

    =Bigelovii=, Pima medicinal plants =26=: 79.

    =Bigelovia Douglasii, _Sagebrush_.=
      used as thatch to Navaho sweat house =8=: 239.
      used to produce smoke to sweat houses =8=: 240, 244.

    =Bigelow, ----=, cited =30=: 41.

    =Bigness=, greatness connoted by =30=: 192 _sq._

    =Bignonia Chica=
      a pigment =38=: § 28.
      for body painting =38=: § 512.
      for pottery =38=: § 94.
      hammock staining with =38=: § 478.
      species of, for basket weaving =38=: § 100.

    =Bignonia Crucigera=, used medicinally =42=: 670.

    =Bigotes=
      captain of Cicuye Indians =14=: 490.
      _See also_ =Whiskers=.

    =Bikúde=, an Omaha village =13=: 270.

    =Bilboquet.= _See_ =Cup and Ball=.

    =Bill, Nix (W. P. Matthews)=, Osage traditions dictated by =6=: 377.

    =Bill Williams Biver=, references to =28=: 186, 208, 209.

    =Billegas, Francisco de=
      agent for De Soto in Mexico =14=: 366.
      correspondence of, with De Soto =14=: 370.

    =Billings, _Capt._ J.=, map of =46=: 176.

    =Billings, J. S.=, on statistics of trepanation =16=: 16.

    =Billing’s Expedition=, labrets and masks figured by =3=: 90, 128,
      136, 141.

    =Billy=, brother of Key West Billy =5=: 492 _sqq._, 499, 528.

    =Billy Hardjo.= _See_ =Tah-Coo-San-Fixico=.

    =Billy John.= _See_ =Sha´awĕ=.

    =Biloxi=
      affinity with the Siouan =15=: 139.
      a Siouan tribe =7=: 112.
      divisions of the =15=: 164.
      early habitat of the =7=: 114.
      in Texas, union of, with Cherokee =19=: 143.
      language, studies of =13=: XL.
      mortuary customs of the =13=: 21.
      population of the =7=: 118.
      present habitat of the =7=: 116.
      researches among the =28=: 12.
      sociology of the =15=: 243.
      studies among the =13=: XXXIII; =15=: XXII, XXX.
      study of the language of the =14=: LX.
      taboo among the =15=: 177.
      tribe of Choctaw confederacy =19=: 500.
      _See also_ =Biloxi Indians=.

    =Biloxi Dictionary=, work on =29=: 14.

    =Biloxi Indians=
      cultural distinctions of =42=: 713.
      descent among the =42=: 696.
      information regarding clans of =42=: 118.
      linguistic researches among the =8=: XX.
      responsibility of, for Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 105.
      _See also_ =Biloxi=.

    =Bilqula Indians=, tattooing of the =10=: 407.

    =Bimitti=, or humming-bird dance =38=: § 587.

    =Bimiut= =46=: 198.

    =Binary Concept= among primitive peoples =19=: 836 _sqq._

    =Binary-Ternary System= among primitive, peoples =19=: 842, 847
      _sq._

    =Binas=
      charm =38=: § 162.
      legends concerning =30=: 286 _sq._
      nature of =30=: 281-288.
      nose string =38=: § 63.
      specific attractions of =30=: 281 _sq._, 284.
      use of =30=: 282, 286 _sq._
    _See also_ =Charms.=

    =Bingham Mounds.= _See_ =Rufus Bingham Mounds=; =Ira Bingham
      Mounds=.

    =Bins=, for storage in Tusayan rooms =8=: 109, 209, 210.

    =Biographic Pictographs= =4=: 208-218.

    =Biography=
      classification of =10=: 571.
      continuous record =10=: 571-575.
      particular events =10=: 575-582.
      pictographic forms of =10=: 571-582.

    =Biological Survey=, explorations of, in Alaska =46=: 29.

    =Biology=, defined =15=: XVII.

    =Biotic Characters= of the Seri =17=: 133*.

    =Birch=
      Eskimo tobacco implements made of =18=: 279.
      used in basketry =41=: 145,148.
      _See also_ =Birch Bark=; etc.

    =Birch, Black=, use of =44=: 287, 342.

    =Birch, White=
      use of =44=: 288, 364, 369, 377.
      used medicinally =42=: 659.

    =Birch Bark=
      articles made of 44: 387-397.
      baskets of =45=: 222.
      boxes, “mococks” used for storing and carrying wild rice =19=:
        1066, 1072.
      canoe =46=: 55.
      canoes, Nenenot =11=: 304.
      canoes, used in wild-rice harvest =19=: 1017, 1056-1070.
      dishes =46=: 37, 83, 136, 170.
      Eskimo tobacco implements made of =18=: 274.
      fans and matting wigwam =19=: 1017
      fans, used in winnowing wild rice =19=: 1071.
      gathering of =44=: 386.
      in burials =46=: 63, 70.
      in houses =46=: 82.
      objects of =46=: 142, 170, 173.
      pietographs, Abnaki =10=: 201, 213 _sq._, 468 _sq._
      pietographs, Amalecite =10=: 334 _sqq._
      records and songs of the Midē´wiwin =7=: 286-289.
      songs recorded on =14=: 107.
      tools used by Eskimo in working =18=: 90.
      use of, for baskets =11=: 301.
      use of, in aboriginal industries =23=: XIII, XXXI.
      used for canoes =14=: 293.
      used for house building =14=: 253.
      used for utensils =14=: 288.
      used in juggler’s lodge =14=: 146.
      used in medicine lodge =14=: 72.
      winnowing tray for wild rice =19=: 1070 _sq._
      _See also_ =Birch=; etc.

    =Birch Tree=
      myth concerning =43=: 189.
      regarded as sacred =44=: 381.

    =Bird=
      as a wind symbol =16=: 219.
      basketry pattern =38=: § 444.
      carving of eagle’s head =2=: 285.
      catching of =33=: 635, 663.
      catching song =33=: 625.
      converted into man =32=: 181.
      embodiment of the, in art =2=: 280.
      engraved on bone =2=: 284.
      engraved on shell gorgets =2=: 284.
      engraved on stone =2=: 284.
      examples of the, engraved on shell gorgets =2=: 281.
      figures on Hopi pottery =17=: 660.
      figures on Sikyatki pottery =17=: 658, 682-698, 714.
      gold ornament representing head of =2=: 285.
      idol in form of, Casa Grande =28=: 121.
      imitation of flight of, by Hopi katcinas =21=: 78.
      myths of the =2=: 280.
      ornaments from Awatobi =17=: 628.
      personation of, in Powamû =21=: 32.
      pictures of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 41, 42
      representation of, by Hopi katcinas =21=: 79.
      representation of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 47.
      representation of sun by =21=: 122.
      representation of sun god by =21=: 24.
      Serian and Yuman names for =17=: 332* _sq._
      significant character of the, in engraved designs =2=: 281, 284.
      species of, represented =2=: 282, 284.
      superstitions in regard to the =2=: 280.
      symbols in Maya codices =16=: 219, 220, 225, 226, 251.
      the Dakota’s Thunder bird =2=: 281.
      totemic use of the =2=: 284.
      vessels from Awatobi =17=: 624.
      worship of the =21=: 29.
      _See also_ =Birds=; etc.

    =Bird-appearing.= _See_ =T’ené-badaí=.

    =Bird Arrow=, Eskimo =18=: 159.

    =Bird Bone Artifacts= =44=: 133.

    =Bird Calls=, imitation of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 43, 49, 88.

    =Bird Cherry=, used in basketry =41=: 145.

    =Bird-cherry Bark= =35=: 157.

    =Bird Clans=
      feast of =37=: 318-321.
      native names for =42=: 115.
      of the Cherokee =42=: 118.
      origin of =42=: 111, 113.
      story concerning =42=: 108; =44=: 201.

    =Bird-claw Pendants= =44=: 136 _sq._

    =Bird Dance=
      in Soyaluña festival =21=: 25.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 210-214.
      of the Kwakiutl Indians =35=: 876, 877.
      performance of, in Powamû festival =21=: 25.

    =Bird Designs=
      mention of =41=: 257, 334, 342.
      _See also_ =Bird Form=; =Butterfly Design=.

    =Bird Effigies=
      appearance of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 49, 88.
      at Mishongnovi Cakwaleñya altar =19=: 992.
      at Mishongnovi Flute altar =19=: 991.
      at Shipaulovi altar =19=: 995.
      clay, from Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 109.
      in Tusayan ceremony =15=: 286.

    =Bird Eggs=, finding of, in graves in Pueblo ruins in Arizona =22,
      i=: 111.

    =Bird Fetish.= _See_ =Su´tiᵗki=.

    =Bird Form (and Designs).=
      Appalachee-Ohio pottery =20=: 180, 181.
      eastern United States pottery =20=: 63, 65, 67.
      eastern United States pottery, significance of =20=: 100.
      figures showing =22, i=: 67, 68.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 123, 124, 126, 128, 129.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 106 _sq._
      Iroquoian pipes =20=: 174.
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 104.
      Middle Mississippi Valley =20=: 85, 87, 88, 92, 94, 95, 96.
      Northwestern pottery =20=: 193, 194.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 139-240.
      vases and vessels from ruined pueblos of Arizona, features of
        =22, i=: 66-69.
      _See also_ =Animal=; =Bird Designs=; =Life=.

    =Bird Gods=, mention of =33=: 301, 334, 619, 623, 636, 640, 655,
      661.

    =Bird Lime=, for stone-chip graters =38=: § 335.

    =Bird-shape Stones= described and figured =13=: 135.

    =Bird-snake Vase= from Chevlon =22, i=: 68.

    =Bird Snares and Nets=, Eskimo =18=: 131.

    =Bird Societies=, organization of =11=: 70.

    =Bird Stones= =34=: 221.

    =Bird Tail King=, Kasihta chief =42=: 322.

    =Bird Town=, purchase of =19=: 161.

    =Bird Tracks= in Hopi katcina’s pictures =21=: 87.

    =Birds=
      associated with powers of air =27=: 404.
      associated with thunder =27=: 415 _sq._ 426, 434, 437, 441.
      beliefs concerning =30=: 371; =47=: 639.
      breastbones of =38=: § 669.
      carved in ivory by the Eskimo =11=: 260.
      carvings of, by the Kwakiutl =35=: 807, 810.
      destructive to wild rice =19=: 1027.
      domestication of, by Indians =2=: 138; =42=: 694.
      domestication, taming and in captivity =38=: § 716, 724.
      Eskimo account of creation of =18=: 455.
      Eskimo clothing made from the skins of =18=: 30 _sq._
      Eskimo fishing implements made from skins of =18=: 178.
      Eskimo ideas for catching =9=: 244 _sqq._
      Eskimo method of dressing skins of =18=: 118.
      Eskimo method of impounding =18=: 135.
      footprints of =38=: § 696 _sq._
      game =46=: 91, 94, 95, 110.
      impersonation of, in dances =33=: 274.
      in Sacred War Pack =27=: 411, 412.
      in Tlingit calendar =26=: 426.
      list of, eaten by Indians =46=: 583.
      Mänäbush and the =14=: 203.
      methods of capturing =38=: § 176.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 241, 243, 251, 280-294, 300, 401,
        442, 453, 454.
      myths concerning =11=: 153.
      names =27=: 104 _sq._
      nests of =38=: § 667.
      of prey, tabooed as food =42=: 518.
      of Pueblo region =14=: 521.
      of Seriland =17=: 37, 38.
      of the Point Barrow region, Alaska =9=: 56 _sqq._
      of the Ungava district =11=: 175.
      omens from =30=: 274 _sq._
      plants associated with =30=: 38.
      plumage of, origin of =30=: 212, 225 _sq._
      regard for, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 23.
      sayings about =27=: 335.
      spirits incarnated in =30=: 174 _sq._
      stone, from Woodruff Butte =22, i=: 135.
      string figures of =38=: § 669.
      stuffed, used in Ghost dance =14=: 916.
      supernatural =42=: 498.
      traps for catching =38=: § 675.
      treatment of =22, ii=: 55.
      use of, in making medicines =37=: 262.
      weather foretold by =30=: 269.
      with burials =46=: 115.
      _See also_ =Bird=; =Thunder-bird=; etc.

    =Birds, Cardinal.= _See_ =Cardinal Birds=.

    =Bird’s Head=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 77.
      use of, in battle =14=: 790.

    =Bird’s Nest=, symbolism of =22, ii=: 170.

    =Birdsall, W. R.=, cliff ruins described by =16=: 81, 163.

    =Birgan=, meaning of the word =1=: 93.

    =Birket-Smith, K.=, mention of =46=: 331.

    =Birth=
      gifts four days after =35=: 841 _sq._
      of a child announced to its grandparents =35=: 877.
      Omaha ceremony on fifth day after =3=: 245.
      premature, production of, by Zuñi =23=: 296.
      _See also_ =Birth Customs=; =Childbirth=.

    =Birth Customs=
      mention of =47=: 132-135, 214, 537, 540.
      and beliefs of the Kwakiutl Indians =35=: 649-655.
      of the Creek Indians =43=: 389.
      of the Omaha cognates =27=: 115, 116.
      of the Winnebago =37=: 126.
      of the Zuñi =23=: 294-303.
      practices after accouchement =23=: 297.
      _See also_ =Birth=; =Childbirth=.

    =Birth Marks=, cause of =30=: 326.

    =Birth Names=
      Omaha =3=: 227, 231, 232, 236, 237, 239, 240, 243, 244, 245, 248.
      origin of =43=: 32.

    =Bis=, mentioned =44=: 35.

    =Bishop, W. H.=, on wild rice in Delaware =19=: 1029.

    =Bishop’s Rock= =46=: 52.

    =Bison=
      absence of bones of =41=: 493, 608 _sq._
      Alvarado’s journey among =14=: 576.
      connection of Calako horns with =21=: 110.
      Coronado’s army supplied with meat of =14=: 577, 581.
      described by Cicuye Indians =14=: 490.
      described by Colorado River Indians =14=: 405.
      described by companion of Coronado =14=: 570.
      described by Coronado =14=: 580.
      described by Jaramillo =14=: 587.
      description of =14=: 527, 541, 543.
      early disappearance of =42=: 693.
      first printed reference to =41=: 609.
      first seen by Coronado’s force =14=: 391.
      imitation of hunt of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 31.
      influence of, on modern Dakota migrations =19=: 1044.
      in myth and religion of the Indians =41=: 611.
      killed by Plains Indians =14=: 504.
      late arrival of, in middle Tennessee =41=: 555, 611.
      pile of bones of =14=: 542.
      possible influence of, on early Siouan migrations =19=: 1043.
      skins of, found by Coronado at Cibola =14=: 560.
      stampede of =14=: 505.
      symbolic hair cut representing =43=: 94 _sq._
      _See also_ =Buffalo=; =Muscaras=.

    =Bison Clan=
      mentioned by Adair =42=: 119.
      native names for =42=: 115.

    =Bison Dance=
      description of =42=: 527.
      mention of =42=: 523, 524.
      performance of =42=: 573 _sq._
      _See also_ =Buffalo Dance=.

    =Bison Disease=, mention of =42=: 640.

    =Bison Hair=, used as a charm =42=: 501.

    =Bison-like Figure= on food bowl from Chevlon =22, i=: 72.

    =Bison Medicine=, use of =42=: 658.

    =Bison Skin=, used for legendary record =42=: 33 _sq._

    =Bissel, C. T.=, survey by =18=: 833.

    =Bitahi´nĕna=, an Arapaho warrior order =14=: 988.

    =Bitäye=, another name of Sitting Bull =14=: 896.

    =Bitter Man, The=, in Pima legend =28=: 43 _sq._, 60 _sq._

    =Bitter Boot Valley=
      establishment of reserve at =18=: 810.
      removal of Flatheads from =18=: 858.

    =Bitter-sweet=
      medicinal use of =42=: 661.
      mention of =33=: 102.
      use of =44=: 288.
      _See also_ =Celastus Scandens=.

    =Bittern=, a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 179, 285.

    =Bitterroot=, use of =45=: 478, 479, 480, 507.

    =Bitterweed=, use of =45=: 534.

    =Bi`´ᵗsiᵗsi=
      creation of =23=: 408.
      _See also_ =Mythology=.

    =Bitumen=, used by Indians in making rafts =14=: 407.

    =Bixa Orellana=
      a pigment =38=: § 28.
      for artificial feather coloration =38=: § 84.
      for body painting =38=: § 512.
      for pottery =39=: § 94.
      timber for fire-sticks =38=: § 1.

    =Black, William J.=, cited on magic knots and cords =9=: 570, 572,
      573, 575, 576, 577, 579, 580.

    =Black=
      and red ware from Pueblo ruins =22, i=: XXXIV, XXXVI, XXXIX, 60.
      and white ware from Pueblo ruins, reference to =22, i=: 59 _sq._,
        180.
      incised group of Chiriquian pottery =6=: 80.
      or brown pottery from Santa Clara =2=: 447.
      pottery, manufacture of =2=: 330.
      pottery, polished, from Santa Clara =2=: 443.
      red, and white ware from Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 60 _sq._, XXI-XXV,
        XXXIII-XXXVI, XXXVIII.
      Serian and Yuman words meaning =17=: 335* _sq._
      ware, from Pueblo ruins, reference to =22, i=: 59, 179.

    =Black Bass=, a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 225.

    =Black Bear=
      a life symbol =36=: 105, 108, 123, 130.
      as a symbol =39=: 193, 214, 238, 244, 327.
      footprints of, a war symbol =36=: 76.
      sacred soil disclosed by =39=: 186.
      special connection with man =27=: 512, 518.
      symbolized in Shell society =27=: 559.

    =Black Bear=, or Mato Sapa’s chart =4=: 94, 99-127.

    =Black Bear Gens=
      ceremonial rank of =36=: 105 _sqq._
      Ni´-ki wi´-gi-e of =36=: 219-236.
      office of =39=: 346.
      personal names of =43=: 133 _sqq._
      songs belonging to =39=: 316.
      symbolic hair-cut of =43=: 92.
      wi´-gi-e of =39=: 154-164.
      _See also_ =Wa-ça´-be Gens=.

    =Black Bear Songs= =39=: 185-192, 344-347; =45=: 644 _sqq._

    =Black Bird.= _See_ =Gúato-koñgya=.

    =Black Bob’s Band=, land cessions and reservations by =18=: 792,
      894.

    =Black Buffalo=
      a Ghost dance leader =14=: 902.
      _See also_ =Pa-kóñkya=.

    =Black Chicken.= _See_ =Siyo Sapa=.

    =Black Chief=, a Seneca informant =32=: 52.

    =Black Cinnamon=, timber for clubs =38=: § 150.

    =Black Coal=
      an Arapaho chief =14=: 956.
      opposition of, to Ghost dance =14=: 808.

    =Black Coyote=
      an Arapaho Ghost dance leader =14=: 897, 898.
      acknowledgment to =14=: 655.
      sacred plant obtained by =14=: 1029.
      song rehearsal in tipi of =14=: 819.
      visit of, to Wovoka =14=: 774, 775, 894, 900, 903.

    =Black Creek=, reference to =42=: 38.

    =Black Deities= of Maya codices =16=: 208.

    =Black Dirt=, home of, in Oklahoma, =42=: 394.

    =Black Dog, _Chief_=
      list of gentes given by =36=: 52.
      on visions among the Osage =27=: 132 _sq._
      Osage legends told by =27=: 62.

    =Black Dog’s Band= of the Osage =15=: 193.

    =Black Drink=
      ceremonial and medicinal properties of =42=: 666.
      ceremony of =44=: 262.
      ceremonial drinking of =42=: 537, 538-544.
      ceremony connected with =42=: 245.
      ceremony of serving of =42=: 537, 538, 544.
      customs connected with =42=: 182, 183.
      effect of =42=: 538, 541, 542.
      mention of =42=: 485, 503, 536.
      mention of, by Adair =44=: 265.
      method of brewing =42=: 536, 538, 541, 542, 543.
      method of disgorging =42=: 539, 541.
      not taken by women =42=: 540, 543.
      precedence in serving =42=: 544.
      preparation at square =42=: 185.
      really “the white drink” =42=: 548.
      religious beliefs concerning =42=: 538.
      taken daily by Tukabahchee officials =42=: 543.
      _See also_ =Asi=; =Cassine=; =Ilex Vomitoria=.

    =Black Dye=, source of =30=: 80.

    =Black Eagle.= _See_ =Gúato-kóngya=.

    =Black-earth Medicine Feast=, mention of =37=: 318.

    =Black Eye and White Eye=, dice game of the Cherokee =24=: 105.

    =Black-eyed Susan= in Cherokee lore =19=: 420.

    =Black Eyes=, Isletan moiety =47=: 261.

    =Black Eyes Ceremony=, date of =47=: 290.

    =Black Falls=, reference to ruins near =42=: 4.

    =Black Falls of Little Colorado River.= _See_ =Little Colorado
      River=.

    =Black Falls Ruin=, reference to =28=: 157.

    =Black Fish=, a Shawnee chief =42=: 788.

    =Black Fish=
      a life symbol =36=: 99.
      Eskimo implements for catching =18=: 181, 184 _sq._

    =Black Fox=
      a Cherokee chief =42=: 839.
      annuity for =19=: 85.
      enactment signed by =19=: 86 _sq._
      firing at Wounded Knee begun by =14=: 869.

    =Black Fox Spring=, naming of =42=: 839.

    =Black Fox Trail= =42=: 837 _sq._

    =Black Hawk=
      characterization of =37=: 441.
      grave of =5=: 33, 34; =12=: 110, 111.
      mention of =33=: 115.
      offering to =37=: 429, 463.
      scenes of battle by =12=: 46.

    =Black Hawk’s Camp=, location of =37=: 99.

    =Black Hawk’s Island=, camp site =37=: 99.

    =Black Hide.= _See_ =Gíaká-ite=.

    =Black Hills (South Dakota)=
      Cheyenne possession of =17=: 166.
      Dakota discovery and possession of =17=: 155, 157.
      discovery of =4=: 130.
      former Indian occupancy of =15=: 190.
      formerly occupied by the Kiowa =14=: 1079.
      inhabited by the Cheyenne =14=: 1024.
      Kiowa expulsion from =17=: 157.
      Kiowa possession of =17=: 155, 156.
      mythic origin of =17=: 160.
      reference to =27=: 102.
      result of a settlement of =14=: 825, 826, 1059.

    =Black Horse=
      death of =17=: 297.
      shooting of =17=: 213.

    =Black Kettle=
      a Cheyenne chief =17=: 324.
      surprise of =17=: 187.

    =Black Lake Valley=, pictographs at =4=: 31.

    =Black-leg People=, a Kiowa warrior order =14=: 989.

    =Black Legs=, a Kiowa military order =17=: 230.

    =Black Mountain=
      in Pima mythology =26=: 213.
      in Pima song =26=: 298.
      myths concerning =19=: 432, 450.

    =Black People=, of Zuñi tradition =13=: 343, 424.

    =Black Pigments= =38=: § 30.

    =Black River=, salt stream entering =20=: 31.

    =Black River Chippewa=
      confederation of Munsee with =18=: 821.
      land cessions and reservations by =18=: 758, 812, 820, 834.

    =Black Rock Springs (near Milford, Utah).=
      petroglyphs at =10=: 117.
      pictographs at =4=: 27.

    =Black-root=, medicinal use of =46=: 425 _sq._

    =Black Short Nose=
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      an Arapaho chief =14=: 956.
      Wovoka’s message delivered =14=: 780.

    =Black Shoulder Gens=
      birth names of =3=: 231.
      myth of creation of =3=: 229.
      mythical origin of =3=: 229.
      names of =3=: 231.
      of the Omahas =3=: 228-233.
      style of wearing the hair =3=: 230.
      subgentes of =3=: 230.
      taboo of =3=: 230.

    =Black Skin=, a Tlingit mythological being =26=: 434.

    =Black Snake=
      a life symbol =36=: 103.
      myths concerning =19=: 288 _sq._, 296, 431.

    =Black Tiger=
      legends connected with =30=: 213 _sq._, 215 _sq._, 217 _sq._
      thunder due to roar of =30=: 270.

    =Black Tripe.= _See_ =Kóñabíñate=.

    =“Black Vomit,”= Pima attacked by =26=: 43.

    =Black Walnut= =30=: 74.

    =Black-warbonnet-top.= See =Tä´n-kóñkya=.

    =Black Water-spirit=, cured of consumption =37=: 392.

    =Black Weed=, medicinal use of =42=: 658.

    =Black Wolf.= _See_ =Gúi-koñgya=.

    =Black Wolf’s Village=, location of =37=: 51.

    =Blackberry=
      belief concerning =45=: 508.
      medicinal use of =43=: 265; =45=: 471.
      myth concerning =19=: 259.
      use of =44=: 292, 307, 340, 358.
      use of, for food =45=: 487, 488.

    =Blackbird=
      a prominent Osage =45=: 534.
      an Omaha chief =15=: 192.
      Indian chief, account of =27=: 82.

    =Blackbird, A. J.=
      on Menomini totems =14=: 44.
      on signification of Mänäbush =14=: 162.
      on use and meaning of “_min_” =19=: 1024.

    =Blackbird=, customs concerning =11=: 410.

    =Blackbird Clan=, native name for =42=: 117.

    =Blackbird Creeks=, references to =27=: 91, 630.

    =Blackbird Dance=
      mention of =42=: 524.
      reason for not dancing =42=: 529.

    =Blackbird Hills=, reference to =27=: 83.

    =Blackbird’s Burial= =1=: 139.

    =Blackbird’s Town=
      cession of reserve at =18=: 764.
      reservation at =18=: 700.

    =Blackburn, _Rev._ Gideon=, establishment of school among Cherokee
      by =19=: 84.

    =Blackburn, J. C. S.=, vase from mound presented by =3=: 507.

    =Blackens Himself.= _See_ =Koñpä´te=.

    =Blacket, W. S.=, cited =4=: 251.

    =Blackfeet=
      a Teton division =14=: 1059.
      absence of Ghost dance among =14=: 816, 817.
      account of the =15=: 219.
      baskets bought by =41=: 135.
      burial lodges of the =1=: 154.
      cairn burial of the =1=: 161.
      definition of =4=: 97.
      dog soldiers of the =14=: 986.
      eagle trapping by the =14=: 993.
      former union of, with the Cheyenne =14=: 1025.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 56 _sqq._
        hand game 269, 276, 305, 317.
        hoop and pole 443 _sq._, 502.
        tops 734.
      habitat of the =15=: 160.
      Kiowa hostility to =17=: 241.
      Kiowa name of the =17=: 160.
      mention of the =4=: 102, 104, 106, 114, 121, 122, 227.
      method of catching eagles practiced by the =19=: 453.
      migration of the =46=: 405 _sq._
      myths of the =19=: 432, 447, 451.
      native name of the =14=: 957.
      name of the Gros Ventres by =14=: 955.
      Omaha name for the =27=: 102.
      poisoned arrows used by the =14=: 285.
      rock carvings of the =4=: 24.
      smallpox among the =17=: 275.
      Tenskwatawa religion among the =14=: 680.
      tree burial of the =1=: 161.
      tribal signs for =1=: 412.
      war customs of the =17=: 259.
      White Buffalo Hide among =27=: 284.
      _See also_ =Blackfoot=; etc.

    =Blackfeet Indians=, figures sketched by =10=: 130.

    =Blackfoot=
      crania, work done on, by Michelson =44=: 5.
      data on scalp and war dances of =40=: 548.
      divisions of the =45=: 304.
      Flathead name for =45=: 302.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 812 _sqq._, 864, 874, 876,
        880, 902, 924 _sqq._
      name of, in sign language =45=: 148.
      original territory of =45=: 321.
      southern movement of =45=: 316-319.
      story of battle of, with Salish =45=: 125-128.
      wars of, with Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 125-128.
      wars of, with Flathead =45=: 361-365.
      _See also_ =Blackfeet=; etc.

    =Blackfoot Language=
      cluster _st_ in =28=: 234.
      reference to =28=: 186, 225.
      relationship of =28=: 22, 229-232, 235, 237, 289.

    =Blackmore, ----=, on arrow chipping =13=: 142.

    =Black’s Canyon=, cliff-house at mouth of =28=: 197 _sq._

    =Black’s Ranch=, reference to =28=: 195, 196, 197.

    =Black’s Station=, encounter at =19=: 48.

    =Black Warrior River=, reference to =42=: 38.

    =Blackwater, William=, information furnished by =26=: 18.

    =Blackwater, Ariz.=
      pictographs near =28=: 148.
      Pima day schools =26=: 34.
      Pima dwellings =26=: 153.
      Puna sacred places =26=: 255.
      Pima village =26=: 23.
      references to =28=: 37, 62, 115.

    =Blackwell, Thomas=
      appointment of =41=: 95.
      work of =41=: 94, 115; =42=: 18; =43=: 17; =44=: 17; =46=: 15;
        =47=: 12; =48=: 19.

    =Bladder=, the hero, offerings to =37=: 441.

    =Bladder Feasts=, of the Eskimo =18=: 379-393.

    =Bladder Trouble=, treatment of =42=: 655 _sq._, 658, 659.

    =Bladders=
      enema made of animals’ =38=: § 921.
      Eskimo floats made of =18=: 141, 188.
      Eskimo musical instruments made of =18=: 350.
      used as receptacles =13=: 280.

    =Blade=
      and celt making compared =15=: 102.
      experiments in, and celt making =15=: 151.

    =Blade-grass Basketry= patterns =38=: § 444.

    =Blades=
      destiny of, from quarry shops =15=: 148.
      iron, recovered from mound =44=: 166.
      _See also_ =Leaf-shape Blades=.

    =Blaeu, Jean=
      on Pecos =29=: 476.
      on Santa Ana =29=: 521.
      on Taos =29=: 182.

    =Blagden, Thomas=, on Piny Branch quarries =15=: 35.

    =Blair, _Miss_ Emma Helen=, authority on writings of the Jesuits
      =19=: 1113.

    =Blair, James=, Georgia commissioner in treating with the Cherokee
      =5=: 236.

    =Blake, _Lady_ Edith=
      cited on Jamaican skull heaps =25=: 87.
      material collected by =24=: 97.
      petroglyphs described and sketched by =10=: 137 _sqq._

    =Blake, P.=, on Caliche =26=: 87.

    =Blanchard’s Fork Ottawa=, land cessions and reservations by =18=:
      686, 734, 826, 842, 858.

    =Blanchard’s Fork Wyandot=, land cessions and reservations by =18=:
      690, 734.

    =Blanchets=, two, first priests among the Flathead =45=: 385.

    =Blanching Silver=, Navaho method of =2=: 175.

    =Blanco, Ruiz=, cited =30=: 139.

    =Bland, Edward=, travels of =42=: 779.

    =Bland, _Dr._ T. A.=, Red Cloud census loaned, by =4=: 176, 177.

    =Blandina River.= _See_ =Roanoke River=.

    =Blankets=
      appearance of, in Hopi katcina representations =21=: 60.
      blessed, used at Zuñi feasts =9=: 526.
      counting of =35=: 1055, 1067 _sq._
      designs on =41=: 360.
      formerly used to cover doorways =8=: 182, 188, 189, 194.
      given in feast =35=: 1062.
      materials used for =41=: 355.
      Navaho =3=: 380-388.
      of the native American cotton =14=: 517.
      pin for, made of yew-wood =35=: 118.
      rabbit-skin =45=: 226.
      use of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 37, 40, 42, 46, 47.
      weaving of =2=: 434.
      worn reversed by Hopi katcinas =21=: 84.

    =Blankinship, J. W.=, on absence of wild rice in Montana =19=: 1031.

    =Blankinstone, _Mrs._=
      copper plate obtained by =12=: 153.
      silver articles in Minnesota mound found by =12=: 715.

    =Blase, _Father_, ----=, Menomini grammar and dictionary by =14=:
      295.

    =Blazing Star=
      mention of =33=: 133.
      use of =44=: 290, 366.

    =Bledos=, meaning of the term =9=: 522.

    =Bledsoe=, on French and Spanish encouragement of Cherokee hostility
      =19=: 62, 67.

    =Bleeding=
      practice of, among the Cherokee =7=: 334 _sq._
      practices of =46=: 426.
      _See also_ =Blood=.

    =Blessings=
      act of, in medicine dance =37=: 365.
      evil, rejected =40=: 555.
      obtained by fasting =40=: 71, 73, 75, 77, 79, 545, 547, 551, 555.
      passing of =37=: 366.
      special, for warfare =37=: 157, 160, 168.

    =Blind=, gestures of the =1=: 278.

    =Blind Man who wanted a Girl=, legend of =30=: 382.

    =Blindman’s Buff=, played by the Eskimo =18=: 337.

    =Blind Men and the Raccoon=, folktale of =14=: 211.

    =Blind Savanna=, a wrong clan interpretation =42=: 118.

    =Blindness=
      among Indian medicine-men =9=: 470.
      assumption of, by Sumaikoli =21=: 96.
      belief concerning =37=: 263.
      caused by spirits =30=: 182, 185.

    =Blish, A. H.=, vessel collected by =20=: 166.

    =Blitum Capitatum= =45=: 502.

    =Blizzard=
      experienced by Coronado =14=: 506.
      _See also_ =Snow=; =Storm=.

    =Block House=
      established by _Capt._ John Anderson =42=: 794.
      roads from =42=: 794, 800.

    =Block-type Club= =38=: § 153.

    =Blocks=
      on Eskimo dog harness =18=: 210 _sq._
      on Eskimo float-lines =18=: 142 _sq._
      on rigging of Eskimo boats =18=: 218.

    =Blodgett, James H.=, on pictographs =4=: 33.

    =Bloedite, _mineral_=, reference to =29=: 579.

    =Blood=
      bleeding, etc. =38=: § 752, 923, 924.
      Eskimo =46=: 366.
      Eskimo paint made of =18=: 198.
      of seal =35=: 456.
      Serian and Yuman names for =17=: 297*, 334* _sq._
      spirit in =30=: 290.
      talisman from =30=: 290.
      use of, in Sioux arrow ceremony =14=: 823.
      _See also_ =Bleeding=; etc.

    =Blood-craze= of the Seri =17=: 188*, 203* _sq._, 262* _sqq._, 265*.

    =Blood Feuds= of the Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 129.

    =Blood Indians=
      dice games of the =24=: 58.
      Flathead name for =45=: 302.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 864, 874, 876, 880, 902, 924
        _sqq._
      linguistic affinities of =28=: 229.
      name of, in sign language =45=: 148.

    =Blood-letting=
      as a remedy for sickness =42=: 625.
      ceremonial =40=: 41.
      mention of =44=: 332.
      _See also_ =Blood=; =Bleeding=; =Scratching=.

    =Blood Money= of the Kwakiutl =35=: 1362, 1378.

    =Blood Mountain=, myth concerning =19=: 330.

    =Blood-of-the-bear Disease=, treatment for =42=: 640.

    =Blood-revenge=
      among the Eskimo =18=: 292 _sq._
      _See also_ =Retaliation=.

    =Blood-soup= of the Kwakiutl =35=: 456 _sq._

    =Blood Taboo= =42=: 520.

    =Bloodroot=
      medicinal use of =43=: 264.
      mention of =33=: 83.
      use of =44=: 293.
      _See also_ =Sanguinaria Canadensis=.

    =Bloody Basin=, cliff houses of =17=: 549.

    =“Bloody Tanks,”= fight at =26=: 50.

    =“Blossom,” _H. M. S._= =46=: 231.

    =Blount, ----=, on Cherokee and Chickasaw habitat =7=: 79.

    =Blount, _Chief_, ----=, settlement of Tuscarora under =19=: 498.

    =Blount, Thomas=, cited on symbolic use of meal =9=: 513, 514.

    =Blount, William=
      endeavor of, for peace =19=: 78.
      governor of Tennessee =19=: 212.
      instructed to treat with the Cherokee =5=: 162.
      life of =19=: 212.
      on attack of Buchanon’s station =19=: 73.
      on Chickamauga declaration of war in 1792 =19=: 71.
      on origin of Chickamauga band =19=: 54.
      on Shaw’s mission =19=: 71.
      proposal of, to Cherokee in 1795 =19=: 81.
      protest of, against Hopewell treaty =5=: 155.
      territorial governor =19=: 68.
      treats with the Cherokee =5=: 158.
      treaty and cession arranged by, in 1791 =19=: 68 _sq._

    =Blowgun=
      Arecinea reed used for =38=: § 117.
      darts and dart poison for =38=: § 120-123.
      formerly used by Indians =14=: 286.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 117 _sqq._
      quivers for, darts =38=: § 124.
      use of =42=: 693.
      use of, as toys =38=: § 616.

    =Blowing=
      in Shaker ceremonial =14=: 761.
      with the mouth, objects of =30=: 164.

    =Blowpipe= of the Navaho silversmiths =2=: 175.

    =Blowsnake, Jasper=
      acknowledgment to =37=: 48.
      remarks by =37=: 447.

    =Blow-tube Grass=, spirits associated with =30=: 228, 232.

    =Blubber=
      Eskimo manner of eating =18=: 268.
      of seal =35=: 456, 458, 463.

    =Blubber-holder=, for Eskimo lamp =9=: 108 _sq._

    =Blubber Hooks=, of the Eskimo =9=: 310 _sq._; =18=: 73.

    =Blubber Rooms= of Point Barrow Eskimo =9=: 76.

    =Blue=
      Serian and Yuman words meaning =17=: 335* _sq._
      symbolism of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 20 _sqq._, 38, 44.

    =Blue Cohosh=
      mention of =33=: 83.
      _See also_ =Caolophyllum Thalictrides=.

    =Blue Cloud=, a name for Arapaho =4=: 117, 118, 176.

    =Blue Cloud People=, an Arapaho synonym =14=: 789.

    =Blue Earth River=
      references to =27=: 73, 80.
      reservation on =18=: 804.

    =Blue Flag=
      use of =33=: 72; =44=: 290.
      _See also_ =Iris Versicolor=.

    =Blue Flute (Cakwaleñya) Altar=, at Mishongnovi =19=: 989.

    =Blue Grama=, brooms and brushes made from =30=: 83.

    =Blue Grouse=, as giver of supernatural power =35=: 1093.

    =Blue Hill Island=, work in =48=: 3 _sq._

    =Blue Jay People=, settlement in Tusayan of the =8=: 26, 27.

    =Blue Leaf=, fruit of, used as condiment =30=: 71.

    =Blue Lick Springs, Ky.=
      trail to =42=: 789.
      upper and lower =42=: 787.

    =Blue Licks=, buffalo roads to =42=: 742.

    =Blue People=, a Cherokee clan =42=: 118.

    =Blue River=, aboriginal remains on =44=: 527.

    =Blue Spot=, on dead, signification of =30=: 356, 361.

    =Blue Thunder=, Assiniboin warrior =46=: 402.

    =Blue Weed=, medicinal use of =43=: 266.

    =Blue Whirlwind=
      portrait of =14=: 877.
      wounding of, at Wounded Knee =14=: 869.

    =Bluebell=
      Scotch, use of =44=: 288.
      used in medicine =30=: 44.

    =Blueberry=
      mention of =35=: 300.
      use of =44=: 294; =45=: 487.
      used medicinally =42=: 664.
      _See also_ =Vaccinium Angustifolium=.

    =Blueberry Elder=, use of =45=: 490.

    =Bluebird=
      among the Pima, in mythology =26=: 345, 367.
      among the Pima, in song =26=: 284, 303, 334.
      among the Pima, in tales =26=: 245 _sq._, 250.
      in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 311.

    =Bluefleld, W. Va.=, trail in vicinity of =42=: 769, 770.

    =Bluejay=
      carries back men from spirit country =35=: 1020 _sq._
      in Menomini myth =14=: 229.
      myth concerning =19=: 284.
      name of Tlingit gaming stick =26=: 444.
      story about =43=: 377-381.
      Tlingit town name =26=: 397.

    =Bluejay Songs= =39=: 220.

    =Bluestem=, use of =44=: 286, 342, 348.

    =Bluestone=, trails from =42=: 770.

    =Bluestone River=, trails to head of =42=: 765 _sq._

    =Bluff= =46=: 196.
      _See also_ =Dohásän=.

    =Bluff, The.= _See_ =Nashville=.

    =Bluhm, ----=, on statistics of trephining =16=: 16.

    =Blumenbach, ----=, preserved skulls in Brazil reported by =3=: 95.

    =Blumenbach, J. F.= =46=: 330, 333, 334, 367.

    =Blunt, ----=, reservation for =18=: 706.

    =Blythe, David=
      Cherokee story teller =19=: 237.
      myths told by =19=: 449, 483.

    =Blythe, James=
      acknowledgments to =19=: 13.
      agent for East Cherokee =19=: 180.
      Cherokee story teller =19=: 237.
      myths told by =19=: 436, 462, 463.

    =Bmulé=
      myth concerning =43=: 193 _sq._
      various conceptions of =43=: 193.

    =Boa Constrictor=
      beliefs concerning =30=: 370.
      _See also_ =Camudi=.

    =Board Games.= _See_ =European Games=.

    =Boardman, E.=, land-treaty witness 14: 28.

    =Boards=
      making of =35=: 61, 82 _sq._
      sewing of =35=: 77, 93, 98.

    =Boas, _Prof._ Franz=
      acknowledgments to =9=: 20; =14=: XLIII; =29=: 12; =37=: 48.
      archeological work of =34=: 170.
      at International Congress of Americanists =26=: XI.
      bulletin by =39=: 24.
      bulletin by, on Chinook texts =15=: XLVI, L, LIV, LXII, LXV,
        LXVIII.
      buzzes figured by, Central Eskimo =24=: 751, 752.
      cited on Chimakum habitat =7=: 62.
      cited on customs concerning childbirth =9=: 415.
      cited on Eskimo harpoons =9=: 221.
      cited on Eskimo kaiaks =9=: 334.
      cited on Eskimo jackstones =9=: 365.
      cited on Eskimo umiaks =9=: 338.
      collection of Indian myths by =19=: 428.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      dice figured by, Central Eskimo =24=: 102.
      editorial work of =33=: 33; =34=: 20, 21.
      excavations under supervison of =34=: 51.
      Haida researches of =7=: 120.
      honorary philologist =31=: 8.
      Kathlamet texts of =23=: XXXVI.
      linguistic research by =33=: 29.
      material collected by =24=: 240, 249, 489, 717, 719.
      mention of =46=: 150, 227, 228, 229, 231, 235, 237, 256, 258, 331,
        333, 346, 347, 357, 367.
      memoir by =36=: 30.
      new Chinook texts of =21=: XXVII.
      office work by =20=: XXI; =22, i=: XXXII.
      on archery, Shuswap =24=: 390.
      on ball juggling, Central Eskimo =24=: 712.
      on cat’s cradle, Central Eskimo =24=: 768, 769.
      on cat’s cradle, Shuswap =24=: 773.
      on cat’s cradle, Songish =24=: 773.
      on cat’s cradle, Tsetsaut =24=: 767.
      on dice games, Eskimo =24=: 102,103.
      on dice games, Kwakiutl =24=: 196.
      on dice games, Shuswap =24=: 156.
      on dice games, Songish =24=: 157.
      on dice games, Tlingit =24=: 131.
      on dissemination of Indian myths =19=: 234.
      on football game, Central Eskimo =24=: 701.
      on hand game, Kwakiutl =24=: 320.
      on hand game, Niska =24=: 281.
      on hand game, Nootka =24=: 322.
      on hand game, Shuswap =24=: 302.
      on hidden ball, Shuswap =24=: 370.
      on hoop and pole, Eskimo =24=: 472 _sqq._
      on hoop and pole, Kwakiutl =24=: 521.
      on hoop and pole, Niska =24=: 471.
      on hoop and pole, Nootka =24=: 523.
      on hoop and pole, Shuswap =24=:491.
      on hoop and pole, Songish =24=: 491.
      on population of Baffin Land Eskimo =7=: 75.
      on population of the Chimmesyan tribes =7=: 64.
      on relationship between Tlingit and Haida languages =26=: 472.
      on ring and pin, Central Eskimo =24=: 544 _sq._, 547.
      on shinny, Niska =24=: 628.
      on shinny, Shuswap =24=: 632.
      on shinny, Tsetsaut =24=: 624.
      on stick games, Niska =24=: 240.
      on stick games, Shuswap =24=: 252 _sq._
      on stick games, Songish =24=: 254.
      on the habitat of the Haeltzuk =7=: 130.
      on the middle group of Eskimo =7=: 73.
      on Tillamook myths =19=: 440.
      on Tlingit suffix _-to_ =26=: 484.
      on tops, Central Eskimo =24=: 736, 737.
      on tops, Niska =24=: 736.
      on tossed ball, Central Eskimo =24=: 709.
      on tossed ball, Niska =24=: 709.
      on unclassified games, Central Eskimo =24=: 782 _sq._
      on unclassified games, Kwakiutl =24=: 786.
      papers by =6=: 399-669; =34=: 26; =37=: 27, 28; =39=: 21; =40=:
        17; =42=: 17; =43=: 16; =44=: 15.
      phonetics used by =26=: 395 _sq._
      position held by, abolished =41=: 21
      preface by =41=: 131 _sq._
      publication under direction of =41=: 119.
      reference to =40=: 27.
      remarks on paper respecting Central Eskimo by =6=: LVI, LVII.
      researches by =23=: XI, XIV, XXXIV, XXXV.
      Salishan researches by =7=: 104.
      shuttlecock terms furnished by, Bellacoola =24=: 717.
      special research work by =32=: 9, 24.
      Tsimshian mythology, memoir on =31=: 25, 29-1037.
      Tsimshian texts of =23=: XXXVI, XLIII.
      Wakashan researches of =7=: 129.
      work of =10=: XXIII; XXIV; =16=: LXV; =24=: XXI _sq._; =25=: XII,
        XIX _sq._; =26=: XVIII, XXI _sq._; =27=: 9; =28=: 15; =29=: 18;
        =30=: 10, 21; =31=: 17; =36=: 19 _sq._; =37=: 19 _sq._, 21;
        =39=: 21; =40=: 11 _sq._
      work of, consulted =9=: 21.

    =Boas, F., _and_ Chamberlain, A. F.=, paper by =36=: 31.

    =Boat Hooks= of the Eskimo =18=: 222 _sq._

    =Boat Racing= among the Eskimo =18=: 340.

    =Boat-shaped Stones=
      and plummets compared =13=: 113.
      described and figured =13=: 124.

    =Boats=
      breakdown =46=: 71.
      decoration of =30=: 255.
      Eskimo =11=: 235; =18=: 216-222; =46=: 91.
      graveyard of, off Barrow =46=: 108.
      Hamilton-St. Michael =46=: 79 _sq._
      Holy Cross-Paimute =46=: 65.
      man kidnapped by =30=: 222.
      Mandan =17=: 159.
      need of one’s own, for exploration =46=: 80, 86, 181.
      Nenana-Tanana =46=: 39.
      Nulato-Kaltag =46=: 39.
      of hide of the Omahas =13=: 281.
      ornamented =4=: 72, 78.
      river =46=: 55.
      Russian Mission to St. Michael =46=: 68, 71.
      St. Michael-Nome =46=: 84, 85.
      superstitions concerning =30=: 303.
      Tanana-Nulato =46=: 45.
      timber used for =38=: § 794.
      umiaks =46=: 91.
      washing spoons from =30=: 241, 252, 267.
      women and building of =38=: § 899.
      words taboo in =30=: 252 _sq._, 307.
      _See also_ =Bull-boat=; =Canoes=; =Navigation=.

    =Bobbydoklinny.= _See_ =Nakai-doklĭ´ni =.

    =Bobzien, Edwin=, assistance rendered by =47=: 10.

    =Boca Dulce=, a Pima chief =26=: 21.

    =Boca Infierno=, tides and currents in =17=: 46 _sq._

    =Bocanegra, Hernando Perez de.= _See_ =Perez=.

    =Bock, Carl=, cited on Borneo water vessels =9=: 494.

    =Bodălk`iñago=, Kiowa name of the Comanche =14=: 1043.

    =Bodham-Whetham, J. W.=, cited =30=: 128, 164, 236, 239, 275, 300,
      381.

    =Bodkins=
      bone, from Awatobi =17=: 627.
      Eskimo =18=: 106 _sqq._
      from Pueblo ruins on Little Colorado River =22, i=: 94.

    =Body=
      anointing of =38=: § 511.
      attitude of, as a sign of anger =20=: CXLII _sq._
      decoration and ornaments of =38=: pp. 412-448.
      feathering of =38=: § 514.
      feelings of, as signs =35=: 603 _sqq._
      immortality of =30=: 149 _sq._, 151 _sq._
      life restored to =30=: 170, 177 _sq._
      painting of =38=: § 512, 513.
      petrification of =30=: 152.
      rejuvenation of =30=: 149 _sq._, 151.
      responsivity of =17=: 268* _sq._
      spirits associated with =30=: 149, 152-164.
      spirits associated with, transfer of =30=: 158.
      stroking of, in greeting =32=: 631.
      tattooing of =38=: § 510.
      transformation of =30=: 149, 150 _sq._, 182, 184 _sq._, 199, 229.
      _See also_ =Forms=; =Spirits=.

    =Body of Zephyrs= in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 295.

    =Body Painting=
      a daily custom =45=: 418.
      associated with Ghost dance =45=: 427.
      ceremonial =40=: 225.
      colors used in =45=: 418.
      for the dance =45=: 391, 392, 428; =46=: 559, 562.
      mention of =47=: 860 _sqq._, 868.
      of the Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 86 _sq._
      symbolic =45=: 340 _sq._
      universal among the Flathead =45=: 340.
      _See also_ =Facial Painting=.

    =Body Proportions=
      of the Eskimo =46=: 358, 364.
      of the Western Eskimo =46=: 213-228, 240.
      of the Yukon Indians =46=: 151.

    =Boebera Papposa= =33=: 132.

    =Boerhavia Hirsuta= =38=: § 920.

    =Bogies=
      Indian =11=: 473.
      occasional visits of, in Walpi Powamû festival =21=: 71.

    =Bogoras, _Prof._ Waldemar=
      author of Chukchee Grammar =33=: 29; =34=: 20; =37=: 20.
      manuscript intrusted to =36=: 20.
      mention of =46=: 254, 259, 330, 333, 367.
      paper by =36=: 30.
      work in northeastern Asia =46=: 30.

    =Bogs=, myths concerning =11=: 481.

    =Bohemy Family=, mention of =43=: 224.

    =Bóhónkóñkya=, treaty signed by, in 1837 =17=: 269.

    =Bo-i-de _or_ The Flame=, time chart of =4=: 93.

    =Boii=
      derivation of name =25=: 130.
      _See also_ =Priesthood, _Antillean_=.

    =Boiling=
      by means of heated stones =41=: 586.
      method of, used by American aborigines =20=: 26 _sq._
      with red-hot stones by the Kwakiutl =35=: 545, 546.
      _See also_ =Domestic Pottery=.

    =Boiling Baskets=
      mention of =4=: 485.
      terms for =41=: 396.

    =Boiling Spring Academy=
      Indian remains at =41=: 559.
      naming of =41=: 603.

    =Boils=
      mention of =11=: 496.
      treatment of =42=: 667.

    =Bóiñ-edal=
      adopted father of =17=: 280.
      Kiowa capture of =17=: 270.
      scalping witnessed by =17=: 273.

    =Bois d’Arc=
      mention of =33=: 76.
      origin of the name =42=: 692.

    =Bois Fort Chippewa= land cessions and reservations =18=: 796, 840,
      904, 912, 938.

    =Bolas=
      of the Eskimo =9=: 244 _sqq._
      use of round stones as =13=: 95.

    =Bolingbroke, H.=, on origin of man =30=: 141, 233.

    =Bolivar, Tenn.=, trail to =42=: 692.

    =Bolivar and Memphis Trail= followed by the Cherokee trace =42=:
      822.

    =Bolivia=
      character of pottery from =20=: 20.
      collections from =30=: 22.
      researches in =30=: 11-15.

    =Bollaert, William=
      cited =6=: 41, 45.
      cited on emeralds of Peruvians =9=: 590.

    =Boller, Henry A.=
      on hand game, Hidatsa =24=: 318.
      on hoop and pole, Hidatsa =24=: 511.
      on shinny, Hidatsa =24=: 641.
      on shuffleboard, Hidatsa =24=: 729.

    =Bologna Codex= =3=: 28.

    =Bolsover, William=, account of plates by =42=: 504.

    =Bolton, _Dr._ Herbert E.=
      acknowledgment to =29=: 12.
      assistance rendered by =45=: 4.
      work of =28=: 16 _sq._; =29=: 19; =30=: 10, 16.

    =Bombas=, negro dances =25=: 69, 210.

    =Bombax sp.=, silk-cotton tree, cotton for darts =38=: § 124.

    =Bonael=, an idol in the Cave of the Sun =34=: 264.

    =Bonaks=, cremation =1=: 144.

    =Bonasila=
      mention of =46=: 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 81, 82, 83, 134, 135, 142,
        144, 153, 154.
      skeletal remains of =46=: 156-160.

    =Bond Stones=, used in Pueblo walls =8=: 144, 198.

    =Bone, Albert S.=, killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =Bone=
      arrowheads of, in Sioux ceremony =14=: 823.
      articles of, from Pojuaque =2=: 440.
      articles of, from Walpi =2=: 396.
      articles of, from Zuñi =2=: 373.
      artifacts of, from mounds =37=: 102.
      beads of =44=: 137 _sq._
      chest ornament =38=: § 537.
      circular =38=: § 540.
      Eskimo houses built of =18=: 257 _sqq._
      Eskimo implements made of =18=: 75, 77-80, 82, 85, 88, 93,
        100-109, 115, 123, 124, 127, 128, 130, 131, 133, 138 _sqq._
        146-152, 155, 157 _sqq._, 161, 164, 165, 177, 180 _sqq._, 189,
        195.
      Eskimo ornaments made of =18=: 58, 59.
      Eskimo tobacco implements made of =18=: 273, 278, 280.
      Eskimo toys made of =18=: 341-345.
      Eskimo transportation apparatus made of =18=: 207, 210, 214, 217,
        219, 222, 226.
      figures showing =22, i=: 94, 95, 166.
      flageolet =38=: § 564.
      hoes of the Omaha =13=: 278.
      Indian manufacture of pipes of =20=: 172.
      needle =38=: § 70.
      objects of =34=: 75, 234, 235; =44=: 106-138.
      occurrence of symbolic designs engraved on =20=: 101.
      pictographs on =4=: 59; =10=: 206.
      Serian and Yuman names for =17=: 333* _sq._
      solid, forming ribs =32=: 259.
      tattooed =4=: 73 sq.
      tools used in steatite working =15=: 111.
      use of, in implement making =13=: 142.
      used in stone-flaking =15=: 61, 80.
      weapons of Virginia =15=: 85.
      whistles =38=: § 569.
      working tools, Eskimo =18=: 80 _sq._
      _See also_ =Bone Beads=; etc.; =Bones=.

    =Bone Beads=
      from Honanki =17=: 573.
      in Sikyatki graves =17=: 733.

    =Bone Carving=
      of the Antilleans =25=: 192 _sq._
      of the Eskimo =18=: 196 _sq._

    =Bone Crushers= of the Eskimo =9=: 93-99.

    =Bone Dance=
      description of =42=: 531.
      mention of =42=: 524.

    =Bone Implements=
      from mound =12=: 382.
      from Pueblo ruins, description of =22, i=: 93 _sqq._, 134, 164,
        166 _sq._
      in cavate lodges =13=: 223, 224.
      paddle shaped =31=: 15.
      used in quarrying =15=: 23.
      _See also_ =Implements=.

    =Bone Needles= from mound =12=: 373.

    =Bone Objects=
      from Awatobi =17=: 627, 628.
      from Honanki =17=: 572.
      worn by the Pima =26=: 163.

    =Bone Plates= from mound =12=: 157.

    =Bone Pickers=
      references to the =42=: 687, 700,
      _See also_ =Buzzard Men and Women=.

    =Bone Points=
      fragmentary =44=: 115-122.
      miscellaneous =44=: 112-115.

    =Boner, J. H.=, on Moravian mourning, =1=: 166.

    =Bones=
      animal, Bonasila =46=: 142.
      broken, treatment of =42=: 660.
      converted into birds =32=: 487.
      fossilized =46=: 60, 142, 157.
      gifts of =30=: 158 _sq._, 168.
      implements of =46=: 170-173.
      long =46=: 156-160, 163 _sqq._, 326.
      mammoth, found at Big Bone Lick =42=: 790.
      of Big Bone Lick, disposal of =42=: 791.
      of prehistoric animals =46=: 411 _sq._
      of the dead, burial of =42=: 389.
      of the dead, cleaning of =1=: 168.
      of the dead, disposal of =42=: 700 _sq._
      of the dead, reinterred =46=: 574 _sq._
      pathological =46=: 109.
      preserved by Guiana Indians =38=: § 832, 838.
      reassembled and brought to life =32=: 212, 216, 217, 398, 404,
        488, 490, 586.
      removal of, in legends =30=: 121, 172.
      spirit in =30=: 152, 153, 158 _sq._
      use of, in decoration of pottery =20=: 66, 84, 193.
      used in invocation =30=: 168.
      _See also_ =Bone=; etc.; =Burial=.

    =Boneset=
      medicinal use of =42=: 658; =43=: 265, 266.
      use of =44=: 289.

    =Bonesteel, A. D.=, on death of Oshkosh =14=: 47.

    =Bonework= =45=: 42 _sq._, 217.

    =“Boneyard,”= between Tanana and Ruby =46=: 46, 47.

    =Bonila, Antonio=, on Quivira =29=: 566.

    =Bonilla, ----=, on Sandia population in 1749 =17=: 584.

    =Bonita Creek, Ariz.=, cliff houses on =22, i=: 187.

    =Bonnell, ----=,
      on Cherokee agreement with Mexico =19=: 145.
      on Cherokee expulsion from Texas =19=: 145.
      on Houston’s efforts on behalf of Cherokee =19=: 145.
      on Mexican grant to Cherokee =19=: 143.

    =Bonnerjea, _Dr._ Biren=, contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.

    =Bonneville, _Capt._, B. L. E.=
      at Fort Gibson in 1837 =17=: 170.
      on hand game, Nez Percéys =24=: 304 _sq._
      treaty concluded by =18=: 851.

    =Bontoc Igorot=, report on expedition among =24=: XXI.

    =Bony-tail= Gila fish =26=: 83.

    =Book Cliff=, pictographs of =4=: 27.

    =Book Cliff Canyon, Wash.=, petroglyphs in =10=: 117.

    =Books=, myths concerning =19=: 351.

    =Boon, Daniel=, leader of pioneer advance =19=: 45.

    =Boone, Daniel=
      adventures of =42=: 787.
      carried over Warrior’s Path =42=: 781.
      road traveled by =42=: 794, 799.

    =Boone, William=
      acknowledgments to =25=: 245.
      on paddle stones =25=: 261.

    =Boone County, Nebr.=, references to =27=: 100, 101.

    =Boone’s Gap=, description of =42=: 801.

    =Boone’s Trail= =42=: 801 _sq._

    =Booneville, N. C.=, trail near =42=: 777.

    =Boonsboro, Ky.=
      beseiged by the Shawnee =42=: 788.
      trails to =42=: 782, 801 _sq._

    =Booske Tah=
      name for celebration of new corn crop =42=: 568.
      _See also_ =Busk=.

    =Boos-ke-tau=
      name for training of priest or doctor =42=: 619.
      _See also_ =Busk= (2).

    =Boot Pads=, Eskimo =18=: 43.

    =Boot-sole Creasers= =18=: 108.

    =Booth, ----=, a Kiowa trader =17=: 313.

    =Boothia Felix and Back River=, tribes of =6=: 452-459.

    =Boots=
      of the Eskimo =9=: 129-135; =11=: 179, 205, 217; =18=: 40-43.
      _See also_ =Boot-pad=; etc.; =Shoes=.

    =Boraginaceae= =33=: 111.

    =Borde, Fr. de la=
      cited =30=: 141, 153, 156, 160, 163, 165, 168, 257, 259, 260,
        268, 270, 290, 296, 303, 306, 314, 320, 321, 323, 340, 342,
        351, 352, 353.
      on invocation of spirits =30=: 168.

    =Borden’s Farm=, flint on =44=: 528.

    =Borers= of the Eskimo =9=: 175-182.

    =Borgian Codex=
      cited =3=: 23, 24, 26, 28, 46, 54, 57, 58, 61; =19=: 861.
      discussion of symbols in =16=: 212, 213, 219, 222, 244.
      earth symbols in =16=: 256.
      flint symbols in =16=: 228.
      Nahuatlan numbers from =19=: 944 _sq._
      sky symbol in =16=: 223.

    =Borinquen=
      discussion of the name =25=: 78.
      _See also_ =Porto Rico=.

    =Borinqueños=
      agriculture of =25=: 50 _sq._
      ancient inhabitants of Puerto Rico =10=: 137.
      as potters =25=: 179 _sq._, 189.
      bone carving of =25=: 192_sq._
      cannibalism of =25=: 50.
      canoes of =25=: 208, 217.
      cave dwellers =25=: 41.
      chief authorities on =25=: 19 _sq._
      clans or phratries of =25=: 42.
      culture of =25=: 47, 89 _sq._, 91, 178 _sq._, 214 _sq._, 216.
      dances of =25=: 69.
      effect of Spanish conquest on =25=: 25.
      food of =25=: 22, 51, 106.
      government of =25=: 33 _sqq._
      hieroglyphic writing of =25=: 149.
      houses of =25=: 41-47, 84, 217.
      human sacrifice of =25=: 168.
      hunting and fishing of =25=: 48 _sqq._
      idols of =25=: 197.
      language of =25=: 77 _sq._
      line of descent among =25=: 47.
      marriage among =25=: 48.
      medicine practices of =25=: 61-64.
      mental and moral characteristics of =25=: 31 _sq._
      mortuary customs of =25=: 58, 80, 82_sq._, 195, 217.
      myths of =25=: 73.
      naming of children among =25=: 47.
      occupations of =25=: 107.
      physical characteristics of =25=: 28-31.
      population of =25=: 23 _sq._
      priesthood among =25=: 59 _sq._
      race and kinship of =25=: 24, 26 _sqq._, 90, 219.
      religion of =25=: 42, 53 _sq._, 129-132.
      researches among =25=: 19 _sqq._
      resistance to Spaniards by =25=: 31.
      rites and ceremonies, for crops =25=: 66-69.
      rites and ceremonies, general account =25=: 64 _sqq._
      rites and ceremonies, mortuary =25=: 69-72.
      shell carving of =25=: 192 _sq._
      skeletal remains of =25=: 82 _sq._
      slavery among =25=: 23 _sq._
      weapons of =25=: 93, 209.
      _zemis_ of =25=: 54-59.
      _See also_ =Antilleans=; =Porto Rico=.

    =Born=, signs for =1=: 356.

    =Borneo=, mourning color used in =10=: 630.

    =Boru-boru=, for snake bite =38=: § 929.

    =Bosque Redondo=, reservation at =18=: 830.

    =Boss _or_ Andiron=, Shumopavi =8=: 176.

    =Bossu, M.=
      cited =12=: 674, 675.
      on burial denied to suicides =1=: 180.
      on racket of the Choctaw =24=: 598 _sq._
      on signs of the Atakapa =1=: 324.

    =Boston Bay=, Iroquoian visits to =20=: 168.

    =Boston Men=, application of name =14=: 721.

    =Boston Natural History Museum=, specimens of Spanish olive jars
      in =20=: 130.

    =Boston Transcript=, translation of Alvarado’s report in =14=: 594.

    =Bot-édalte=, death of =17=: 350.

    =Boteler, _Dr._ W. C.=, on Oto burial ceremonies =1=: 96.

    =Bot-k`iägo=, Kiowa name of the Arapaho =17=: 160.

    =Bot-k`iñ´ago=, Kiowa name of Gros Ventres =14=: 955.

    =Botokudos=, use of labrets by =3=: 83.

    =Botrychium Virginianum=, use of =44=: 288, 352.

    =Böttiger, C. A.=
      controversy with Abert concerning Dresden Codex =6=: 267.
      mention of Dresden Codex by =6=: 262.

    =Bottle=
      of kelp =35=: 540.
      _See also_ =Bottles=.

    =Bottle Farm=, remains on =44=: 525.

    =Bottle-shape Basket= =38=: § 415.

    =Bottles=
      Appalachee-Ohio province, absence of =20=: 180.
      collection of Indian water =3=: 533-538.
      Florida Peninsula, rarity of =20=:118.
      glass, Florida Peninsula =20=: 130.
      glass, recovered from mound =44=: 166.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 105-112.
      Iroquoian province, absence of =20=: 162.
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 102, 103 _sq._
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery, thickness of walls of =20=: 83.
      mention of =4=: 283, 301, 306, 320, 343, 345, 351, 352.
      northern United States, absence of =20=: 145.
      or jars, wide-mouthed =4=: 398-411.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 138.
      _See also_ =Forms=.

    =“Bottom Day,”= Eskimo observance of =18=: 314.

    =Bottom Lands=, home villages on =16=: 94.

    =Bottoms of Baskets=
      coiled =41=: 167-174.
      method of making =41=: 174-179.
      varieties of =41=: 167 _sq._

    =Boturini, Lorenzo Benaduci=
      interpretation of Mexican calendars by =3=: 43, 44, 47, 49, 52,
        54, 55.
      on Mexican calendar system. =19=: 935.

    =Botuto=
      cult of =30=: 137.
      _See also_ =Trumpet=.

    =Boucher, Pierre=
      on dice game, Algonkin =24=: 49.
      on stick game, Algonkin =24=: 229.

    =Boudinot, Cornelius=
      myths told by =19=: 449, 455.
      opening of grave on farm of =19=: 143.

    =Boudinot, _Dr._ Elias C.=
      address on condition of Cherokee by =5=: 285.
      Bible translation by =19=: 165.
      compensation to heirs of =5=: 299.
      editor of Cherokee “Phoenix” =19=: 111.
      education of =19=: 108.
      killing of =5=: 293; =19=: 133 _sqq._
      on Cherokee myths =19=: 483.
      on Cherokee treaty of April 27, 1868 =5=: 344.
      signing of New Echota treaty by =19=: 125.
      vote of, on Ridge treaty =19=: 122.

    =Boulware, J. N.=
      mounds on farm of, in Missouri =5=: 44.
      mounds on land of, in Missouri =12=: 165.

    =Boulder=
      black, a life symbol =36=: 108.
      red, a life symbol =36=: 61, 108.
      white, a life symbol =36=: 109.
      yellow, a life symbol =36=: 109.

    =Boule, _Prof._ Marcellin=, cited =46=: 332, 333, 350.

    =Boundaries=
      Indian =1=: 253.
      of Indian tribal lands, difficulty of fixing =7=: 43 _sq._

    =Boundary Line=, Hano and Sichumovi =8=: 36.

    =Boundary Mark=, Shumopavi and Oraibi =8=: 28.

    =Bouquet, Henri=, on Indian population in 1764 =19=: 1108.

    =Bourgmont, De=
      on early Comanche habitat =17=: 161.
      on the habitat of the Comanche =7=: 109.
      Kansa mentioned by =15=: 193.
      reference to =27=: 81.

    =Bourgeois, Enrique=, on Quekchian numerals =19=: 901 _sqq._

    =Bourke, _Capt._ John G.=
      acknowledgments to =11=: 455; =14=: 655.
      cited on phallicism =11=: 457.
      cited on Sun dance =11=: 450, 459.
      cited on symbolic colors =11=: 532.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      identifies Tally-hogan with Awatobi =17=: 602.
      material collected by =24=: 747.
      medicine cords figured by, Chiricahua Apache =24=: 429.
      obituary of =48=: 1221.
      on Apache medicine-men =14=: 360, 704.
      on Apache use of bull-roarer =14=: 975.
      on classification of arrows =14=: 278.
      on creation myth =26=: 239.
      on deluge myth =19=: 445.
      on dice game terms, White Mountain Apache =24=: 90.
      on fight at the “Tanks,” 1872 =26=: 54.
      on lustration observances =26=: 204.
      on Mexican ball race =24=: 667 _sq._
      on mixture of Sobaipuri and Apache =26=: 186 _sq._
      on Mohave mortuary customs =26=: 195.
      on Mohave mythology =26=: 216.
      on Moqui colors =4=: 56.
      on Moqui shell vessels =2=: 193.
      on necklaces of human fingers =14=: 1024.
      on quoits, Mohave =24=: 726.
      on Taos iron-tooth club =13=: 144.
      on use of mulberry by the Apache =26=: 95.
      paper on Medicine-men of the Apache =9=: 433-603.
      paper on the medicine-men of the Apache, noticed =9=: XLIII-XLVI.
      Pueblo vases, etc., presented by =8=: XXV.
      quoted on Sun dance =11=: 464.
      Snake dance studies by =15=: 265; =16=: 273.

    =Bovista Pila=, use of =44=: 288, 377.

    =Bovista Plumbea= =33=: 62.

    =Bow=
      a life symbol =36=: 99.
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 61, 72, 76, 81,
        82, 90, 91, 98, 99, 103, 106, 108, 111, 113.
      ceremonial painting of =36=: 234.
      ceremonial use of =16=: 279, 282, 286.
      manufacture of =38=: § 126.
      priests of the, Zuñi =24=: 215.
      protectors on Eskimo boats =18=: 228.
      sacred, in Sioux ceremony =14=: 823.
      sacred, in Sioux Ghost dance =14=: 788.
      Seri, decoration of =17=: 175*.
      Seri, genesis of construction of =17=: 199*, 200*.
      simple in construction =31=: 50.
      timber for =38=: § 125.
      use of, by Hopi katcinas =21=: 78, 86.
      _See also_ =Arrow=; etc.; =Bows=.

    =Bow and Arrow=
      distribution of, in Powamû festival =21=: 31.
      expert use of =42=: 692.
      finding of, at Chevlon =22, i=: 100.
      making of the Eskimo =9=: 291-294.
      use of =46=: 542, 555.
      woods used for =42=: 692.

    =Bow Cases=
      of the Eskimo =9=: 195-200; =11=: 246, 247.
      of the Nenenot =11=: 312.

    =Bow Creek, Nebr.=, reference to =27=: 85.

    =Bow Drill=
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 19, 38.
      used by the Innuit =4=: 48.

    =Bow Gens= =36=: 98.

    =Bow-making Songs= =39=: 271-274.

    =Bow-Man=, Tlingit spirit =26=: 465, 466.

    =Bow People=, wi´-gie of =43=: 47 _sq._

    =Bow Priests=
      activities of =47=: 525 _sq._
      ceremony of =47=: 526 _sq._
      dance held by =47=: 527.
      duties of =47=: 478, 518.
      elder brother, preparation of images of gods of war by =23=: 116,
        117.
      offerings made by =47=: 663.
      prayers of =47=: 664-667, 668-673.
      present status of =47=: 526.
      qualification of =47=: 525 _sq._
      retreat of =47=: 663.
      songs of =47=: 530.
      whirling of rhombi by =23=: 201.

    =Bow Priesthood=
      dancing of =23=: 468 _sq._
      origin of =23=: 49 _sqq._

    =Bow-string=
      manufacture of =45=: 98.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 127.
      of the Menomini =14=: 275, 280.
      of the Omaha =13=: 286.
      puzzle =38=: § 713.

    =Bowditch, C. P.=, translation of works on Mexican and Mayan
      records, by =23=: XXXVIII.

    =Bower-bird=, legend concerning =30=: 226 _sq._

    =Bowers, G. M.=, acknowledgments to =19=: 13.

    =Bowers, Stephen=
      archeological researches of =44=: 62.
      pipe collected by =44=: 88 _sq._
      shell objects collected by =2=: 209, 226.

    =Bowl=
      capture of family of =19=: 146.
      emigration of =19=: 100 _sq._, 138, 141, 143.
      killing of =19=: 145.
      paper carried by, at death =19=: 143, 145.
      treaty with Texas signed by =19=: 144.

    =Bowl and Stick Game=, account of =24=: 173-177.

    =Bowl Basket= =38=: § 440.

    =Bowl Game=
      description of =46=: 567 _sqq._
      of the Chippewa =24=: 65 _sq._
      of the Menomini =14=: 241.
      of the Passamaquoddy =24=: 82 _sq._

    =Bowl-shaped Baskets=, coils of =41=: 164.

    =Bowlder=
      and steatite quarries correlated =15=: 123.
      beds in Anacostia Valley =15=: 70.
      deposits near Hyattsville =15=: 70.
      deposits near Washington =15=: 32, 33.
      deposits on tidewater Potomac =15=: 71.
      mosaics =12=: 534.
      mystic, near Keshana, Wis. =14=: 38.
      sites of Pueblo Indians, uses of =22, i=: 177.
      _See also_ =Bowlders=.

    =Bowlders=
      adaptability of, for implements =15=: 135.
      ancient Pueblo walls of =13=: 206, 217, 246, 249.
      distribution of =15=: 66.
      in Piny Branch quarries =15=: 42,47.
      on line of ancient irrigating ditch =13=: 244.
      quartz, method of quarrying =15=: 24.
      sharpened, distribution of =15=: 142.
      sites marked by, in Verde Valley =13=: 194, 235, 261.
      use of, as implements =15=: 25, 90.
      used in cliff-dwelling masonry =16=: 98, 100.
      _See also_ =Bowlder=.

    =Bowles, ----=, opposition to McGillivray by =19=: 210.

    =Bowles, John, and Son=, map by, locates Maskotin =19=: 1054.

    =Bowles, Jno.=
      on Picuris =29=: 193.
      on Puaray =29=: 523.
      on San Marcos =29=: 551.
      on Taos =29=: 182.

    =Bowling=, among the Eskimo =11=: 257.

    =Bowls=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 83.
      baskets used as =41=: 201 _sq._
      clay, from Canyon de Chelly =2=: 420.
      collection of =3=: 546-564.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 118, 121.
      fragments of =34=: 70, 71.
      from Porto Rico area =34=: 237-240, 241.
      from Trinidad =34=: 69.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 105-113.
      Iroquoian pottery, rarity of =20=: 162.
      Kokle, common design in modern =21=: 95.
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 102.
      mention of =4=: 283, 306, 308-314, 316, 322-334, 376-392.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 85, 87 _sqq._
      nest of, found in burial =41=: 606.
      reptilian designs on, description of =22, i=: 115.
      sandstone =44=: 72 _sqq._
      Sikyatki, decoration on =17=: 705.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 131, 132, 133, 136, 139 _sq._
      spider and sun emblem on, description of =22, i=: 81 _sq._
      spiral design on =22, i=: 151.
      steatite =44=: 85 _sq._
      sun emblem on =22, i=: 150.
      use of =22, ii=: 20, 42.
      use of, in burial =20=: 133.
      wooden, symbolism of =22, ii=: 44, 289, 350.
      _See also_ =Forms=; =Pipes=; =Pottery=; =Prayer-bowl=.

    =Bowls from Pueblo Ruins, Arizona=
      bear design on =22, i=: 153.
      bear’s paw design on =22, i=: 155.
      bird designs, cuts showing =22, i=: 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 115,
        116, 117, 118, 132, 146, 147, 148, 154.
      bird designs on =22, i=: 76 _sqq._, 115-118, 146, 147, 148.
      butterfly designs on, description of =22, i=: 148.
      butterfly designs on, cuts showing =22, i=: 149.
      dragon-fly design on =22, i=: 147.
      exterior decoration of =22, i=: 152-155.
      exterior decoration of, cuts showing =22, i=: 132, 153, 154, 155.
      feather design on, cut showing =22, i=: 151.
      features of =22, i=: 61, 113, 133.
      frog or lizard design on =22, i=: 132.
      gaming-cane design on, cut =22, i=: 118.
      geometrical designs on =22, i=: 83 _sq._, 85, 152, 155.
      human face on =22, i=: 71.
      human figures on =22, i=: 143, 144, 145.
      quadruped designs on =22, i=: 72, 145, 153.
      rain-cloud designs on =23, i=: 73 _sq._, 156.

    =Bows=
      collection of =3=: 589.
      description of =45=: 97 _sqq._
      discussion of =14=: 280.
      double-curved =45=: 241.
      Eskimo =18=: 155 _sqq._
      Eskimo tools used in making =18=: 85.
      in Ponka legend =27=: 49.
      in Shell Society ceremony =27=: 562, 564.
      in Tusayan ceremony =15=: 281, 285.
      manufacture of =27=: 448-451.
      of the Menomini =14=: 274.
      of the Omaha =13=: 285.
      of the Sioux =15=: 171.
      origin of =27=: 70.
      used by Padouca =27=: 79.
      _See also_ =Bow=; etc.

    =Bowyer, _Colonel_=, on Sauk and Fox expulsion =14=: 19.

    =Box, James=, death of =17=: 184.

    =Box=
      clay =34=: 70.
      earthenware, from Sikyatki =17=: 655.
      for plumes =8=: 210.
      mention of =38=: § 385, 387.
      stone-slab, in floor of wigwam =41=: 595.
      Zuñi ceremony over a =23=: 464.
      _See also_ =Boxes=.

    =Box-burial=
      Creek, Choctaw and Cherokee =1=: 155.
      Eskimo =1=: 155, 156.
      Indians of Talomeco River =1=: 155.
      Innuits and Ingaliks =1=: 156, 158.
      Kalosh =1=: 156.

    =Box Elder= =33=: 101.

    =Box Elder=, treaty of =18=: 828.

    =Box Handles=, Eskimo =18=: 100-103.

    =Box-shaped Basketry= =41=: 165, 207 _sq._

    =Boxes=
      bending sides of =35=: 70-76, 90.
      boiling in =35=: 459, 460.
      bottom of =35=: 78,91.
      burial in =46=: 63.
      caulking of =35=: 299.
      cutting kerfs in side of =35=: 68 _sqq._
      fitting bottom of =35=: 91.
      for arrow and spear points, Eskimo =18=: 162 _sq._
      for berry cakes =35=: 263, 268, 274, 281.
      for caps, Eskimo =18=: 164.
      for cured seaweed =35=: 294, 296.
      for fungus ashes, Eskimo =18=: 275-278.
      for harpoon heads, Eskimo =9=: 247, 251.
      for herring spawn =35=: 254 _sq._
      for mixing salal berries =35=: 265.
      for paints, Eskimo =18=: 199 _sqq._
      for picking salmon-berries =35=: 140, 211.
      for preserved salmon =35=: 239.
      for quids, Eskimo =18=: 278 _sqq._
      for snuff, Eskimo =18=: 273 _sqq._
      for soaking dried fish =35=: 315, 318, 319, 324.
      for tools, Eskimo =9=: 185 _sqq._
      for trinkets, Eskimo =9=: 323-326.
      made water-tight =35=: 92.
      making of =35=: 60-92.
      making side of =35=: 62.
      measures of side of =35=: 65.
      painted, Bonasila, Ghost Creek =46=: 63.
      painting side of =35=: 88.
      pegging side of =35=: 76 _sq._, 79 _sqq._, 90 _sqq._
      sewing side of =35=: 77, 88.
      southeastern Alaska =46=: 33, 64.
      squaring of =35=: 70.
      squaring side of =35=: 63 _sqq._, 84 _sq._
      steaming side of =35=: 71-74, 88 _sqq._
      tools used by Eskimo in making =18=: 85, 89.
      tops of =35=: 81.
      Unalaklik =46=: 64.
      Yukon =46=: 138.
      _See also_ =Box=.

    =Boxing= =33=: 620, 621, 636, 641, 647.

    =Boy=
      adopted by bear =32=: 367.
      becomes fastened to back of monster =32=: 481.
      rescued from bear =32=: 369.
      _See also_ =Boys=.

    =Boy and his Grandmother=, Iroquois tale =2=: 86.

    =Boy and the Corn=, Iroquois tale =2=: 96.

    =Boy rescued by a Bear=, Iroquois tale =2=: 83.

    =Boyd, D. T.=, suit of United States against =19=: 227.

    =Boyd, George=, on trading posts in the wild-rice fields =19=: 1104.

    =Boye.= _See_ =Magicians=.

    =Boyle, David=
      collection of Iroquoian pottery by =20=: 170.
      exploration of Iroquoian provinces by =20=: 159.
      illustrations from work of, on Iroquoian pottery =20=: 170.
      material furnished by =24=: 84.
      on dice games, Seneca =24=: 116 _sq._
      on hidden ball, Seneca =24=: 350 _sq._
      on ring and pin, Chippewa =24=: 534 _sq._
      ossuary opened by =12=: 545.
      papers by, on Canadian pottery =20=: 171.

    =Boynton, Paul=
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      experience of, while in trance =14=: 923.
      Ghost song composed by =14=: 971.

    =Boyomo=, river and settlement of =14=: 515.

    =Boys=
      Assiniboin, characteristics of =46=: 444.
      birth names of Omaha =3=: 227, 231, 236, 237, 239, 240, 243, 245,
        248.
      hair dressing of =43=: 94.
      in Snake dance =16=: 288.
      initiation of =47=: 975-980.
      puberty customs for =45=: 168 _sq._, 283-287, 382.
      puberty rites for, practically abandoned =40=: 340.
      _See also_ =Boy=.

    =Boys and Girls=, amusements of, Zuñi =23=: 293, 294.

    =Boy’s Bed=, one of four beds =42=: 191.

    =Boys’ Fast of the Busk= =42=: 563, 575.

    =Bozeman, J. L.=
      cited on Susquehannock’s land claims =18=: 572.
      quoted on Indian right to soil =18=: 536.
      quoted on Maryland’s Indian policy =18=: 570 _sq._

    =Braam, S. A., van= =1=: 229.

    =Braba=
      description of, by Alvarado =14=: 595.
      pueblo of =14=: 525.
      village of, visited by Spaniards =14=: 511.

    =Bracelets=
      copper =35=: 937.
      Eskimo =9=: 148 _sq._; =18=: 58.
      from Awatobi =17=: 628.
      materials used for =45=: 83.
      mention of =37=: 109; =38=: § 541; =42=: 685 _sq._
      of beads =34=: 230.
      of shell and copper beads, from mound =12=: 363.
      of shell from Pueblo ruins, discovery of =22, i=: 90 _sq._
      of the Turk Indians =14=: 493.

    =Bracers=
      for Eskimo bows =9=: 209 _sq._
      use of gorgets as =13=: 117.

    =Brachycephalic Type= in the Southwest =42=: 677.

    =Bracken, C.=, survey by =18=: 767.

    =Bracken=
      root, digging of =35=: 195.
      use of, as food =45=: 482.

    =Bracken County, Ky.=, occurrence of earthenware spools in =20=: 44.

    =Bracket Fungi= =33=: 62.

    =Brackinridge, H. M.=
      on Arikara chungke stones =13=: 99.
      on dice games, Arikara =24=: 98.
      on hoop and pole, Arikara =24=: 461.
      on Jemez =29=: 403.
      on salt vessels =20=: 29.
      on Tennessee mortuary customs =13=: 21.

    =Bradbury, John=
      botanical explorer, quoted =33=: 54.
      on hoop and pole, Arikara =24=: 461.

    =Bradby, Terrill=, on Pamunkey pottery making =20=: 153.

    =Braddock, _General_=
      defeat of =14=: 16.
      Pontiac at defeat of =14=: 668.

    =Bradford, Alexander W.=, on the origin of mound-builders =12=: 599.

    =Bradford County, Pa.=, vessel from =20=: 166.

    =Braecklein, J. G.=, collection presented by =41=: 116.

    =Braggs, Okla.=
      ceremonial ground near =42=: 602.
      medicinal spring near =42=: 669.

    =Braiding and Twisting=, Eskimo implements for =9=: 311 _sq._

    =Braiding of Basket Rims= =41=: 182 _sqq._

    =Brain=, Eskimo =46=: 278, 299, 358.

    =Brainerd, _Rev._ David=, life of =19=: 217.

    =Brainerd Mission=
      attendance of pupils at =19=: 107 _sq._
      establishment of =19=: 104, 107.

    =Braining Clubs and Stones=, Eskimo =18=: 126, 127.

    =Brakebill Mound= =2=: 215, 275, 292, 296.

    =Bran=, Cherokee use of =20=: 56.

    =Branch, _Dr._ Christian W.=
      archeological collection of =30=: 21.
      archeological work of =34=: 167.

    =Brand, John=
      cited on bell-ringing =9=: 465.
      cited on cords and girdles =9=: 557, 561, 568, 569, 570, 571, 573,
        575, 576, 578, 579, 580.
      cited on powders =9=: 514, 532, 536.
      cited on sacred cakes =9=: 541, 544, 545, 546, 547.
      “Hand of Glory” =9=: 486.

    =Brannon, Melvin A.=, on wild rice in North Dakota =19=: 1031.

    =Bransford, _Dr._ J. C. (_U. S. N._)=, burial urns discovered by
      =1=: 138.

    =Branson, _Judge_=, opening of Wisconsin mounds by =5=: 18.

    =Brant=, Sir William Johnston’s connection with =19=: 203.

    =Brant, Pete= =46=: 119, 120, 122.

    =Brant=
      myths concerning =11=: 327.
      source of Tlingit personal names =26=: 422.

    =Brass=
      Eskimo ornamentation with =18=: 58, 59, 274.
      Eskimo tobacco implements made of =18=: 280, 283, 284.
      _See also_ =Ûñtsaiyĭ´=.

    =Brass Plates.= _See_ =Plates=.

    =Brasseur de Bourbourg, _Abbé_=
      Antillean vocabulary by =25=: 77.
      cited =6=: 350; =12=: 672.
      cited as to Casa Grande =28=: 53.
      cited on Indian medicine-men =9=: 466.
      cited on origin of labrets =9=: 498.
      cited on tzoalli =9=: 523.
      copy of Troano manuscript by =6=: 284, 286, 343.
      description of human masks, cited =3=: 96.
      interpretation of Mexican calendar =3=: 39.
      map of =25=: 243.
      mentioned =1=: 208, 210, 243, 244.
      _oc_ symbol interpreted by =16=: 239.
      on definition of _ah_ =16=: 245.
      on definition of _ahau_ =16=: 263.
      on definition of _chacyuc_ =16=: 233.
      on definition of _hok_ =16=: 241.
      on definition of _lamat_ =16=: 236.
      on definition of _toh_ =16=: 238.
      on derivation of _chuen_ =16=: 243.
      on formation of Maya number names =19=: 866.
      on Kiche numerals =19=: 864, 895-899.
      on Maya methods of computation =19=: 933.
      on Maya numeral system =19=: 894.
      on Mexican mythology =16=: 221.
      on origin of _chicchan_ symbol =16=: 231.
      on the _akab-maax_ symbol =16=: 208.
      on the _bakab_ symbol =16=: 209.
      on the _germ_ symbol =16=: 218.
      on the _manic_ symbol =16=: 232.
      on the _lamat_ symbol =16=: 249.

    =Brau, _Señor_ ----=,
      on Antillean pueblo =25=: 33.
      on enslavement of Indians =25=: 24.
      on population of Porto Rico =25=: 23.
      principal work of =25=: 24, 40.

    =Brauns, _Professor_=, on tattooing =4=: 78.

    =Brave=, signs for =1=: 352, 364, 414.

    =Brave-man.= _See_ =Nah-tan=.

    =Bravery=
      anecdotes of the Omaha =3=: 332.
      exhibition of =46=: 550.
      Omaha rewards of =3=: 329.
      reward of =30=: 216 _sq._

    =Braves’ Dance=, description of =46=: 558 _sqq._

    =Bray, William M.=, on wild rice in Texas =19=: 1032.

    =Brazil=
      antiquity of man in =25=: 220.
      character of pottery of =20=: 20.
      cup sculptures in =10=: 195 _sq._
      petroglyphs in =4=: 44, 45; =10=: 150-157, 689, 691, 692.
      tattooing in =10=: 402.
      totem marks in =4=: 167.

    =Brazilian=
      Indian coiled pottery =4=: 276, 277.
      petroglyphs, compared with Spanish petroglyphs =10=: 690.

    =Brazos River=, occurrence of pottery resembling that of Middle
      Mississippi Valley, near =20=: 81.

    =Bread=
      cassava =38=: § 236.
      marriage, reference to =21=: 263, 264.
      of Pueblo Indians =14=: 522.
      sacred =9=: 541-547.
      unleavened =9=: 543, 544.
      use of, among Colorado River Indians =14=: 485.
      Zuñi, description of =30=: 73 _sq._

    =Breakers= for bone, Eskimo =18=: 75.

    =Breakfast=
      codfish eaten at =35=: 253.
      dog salmon eaten at =35=: 309, 313.
      fat food avoided at =35=: 308.
      green salmon eaten at =35=: 316.
      salmon eaten for =35=: 350.

    =Brearly, J. H.=, survey by =18=: 720.

    =Breastbone=, bird’s, string figure =38=: § 669.

    =Breastplate=
      of bone =45=: 81.
      of copper of Virginia Indians =13=: 116.
      of shell, description of =13=: 115.

    =Breast-shield, Symbolic=, story of =36=: 156.

    =Breastworks=, use of, in warfare =45=: 118.

    =Breast-yokes= of the Eskimo =18=: 211.

    =Breath, The=, death of =19=: 79.

    =Breath=
      as a source of conception =21=: 167.
      use of words meaning, to represent spirit power =21=: 15.

    =Breath-feather Designs=, occurrence of, on pottery from old
      Shumopavi =22, i=: 115 _sq._

    =Breath Holder=
      connection of, with sacred fire. =42=: 483.
      explanation of the term =42=: 481.
      story regarding =42=: 483.

    =Breath Master=, Muskogee name for God =42=: 484.

    =Breathing Rites= in ceremonial =47=: 282, 292, 293, 294, 295, 297.

    =Brébœuf, _Père_ Jean de=
      on burial feast =1=: 191.
      on burial ceremonies of the Hurons =5=: 71, 110-119.
      on communal burial =12=: 657, 674.
      on dice games, Hurons =24=: 108 _sq._
      on racket, Hurons =24=: 589.

    =Brechii=, meaning of =16=: 228.

    =Breechclouts=, described =42=: 681; =45=: 69 _sq._, 233.

    =Breeches= of the Eskimo =9=: 125-129.

    =Bremen Museum=, West Indian objects in =34=: 50.

    =Brer Rabbit=, story of =30=: 372-378.

    =Bressany, Martin=
      on tying wild rice =19=: 1058.
      wild rice harvesting illustration, reference to =19=: 1057.

    =Brett, _Rev._ W. H.=
      cited =30=: 118, 119, 120, 125, 136, 141, 142, 145, 148, 151,
        154, 156, 212, 218, 225, 229, 238, 242, 245, 254 _sq._, 260,
        265, 268, 300, 318, 319, 320, 327, 328, 331, 339, 352, 353, 354,
        356, 357, 358, 360 _sq._, 383.
      on Arawak dance =25=: 72.
      on medicine-man’s ordeal =30=: 339.
      on scalping =30=: 176.
      on the flood =30=: 148.

    =Breurr, H. N.=, rhyolite blades found by =15=: 76, 79.

    =Brevoort, Elias=
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 305.
      on Sia =29=: 518.

    =Brevoort, H. B.=, land-treaty witness =14=: 28.

    =Bribri=, numerals of =19=: 919.

    =Brice, W. A.=
      on repudiation of wampum =2=: 246.
      on surface burial =1=: 141.
      use of wampum belts =2=: 242.

    =Brickell, John=
      on clubs of North Carolina Indians =13=: 144.
      on war idol of California Indians =13=: 116.

    =Bricks=
      absence of, Middle Mississippi Valley =20=: 82.
      of adobe, modern in Zuñi =8=: 138.

    =Bridge=
      built by Spaniards across Canadian River =14=: 397, 504.
      Indian, across Rio Grande =14=: 511.
      mystic, in Menomini myth =14=: 225.
      of Guiana Indians =38=: § 791.
      of stone, in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 312.
      of wattle work =13=: 13.

    =Bridgeport, Ala.=, mention of =42=: 750, 751.

    =Bridges, J. S.=, commissioner to appraise Cherokee property =5=:
      258.

    =Bridles= of the Omaha =13=: 280.

    =Brier= in Cherokee lore =19=: 425.

    =Brigantines=, French, on the coast of New Spain =14=: 547.

    =Briggs, C. F.=
      material collected by =24=: 290.
      material furnished by =24=: 154.

    =Brigham, Edward M.=, manuscript submitted by =41=: 16.

    =Bright’s Disease=, treatment of =42=: 667.

    =Brighton Estate=, rare specimen from =34=: 164.

    =Brigstock, Master=, on origin of Carib =25=: 217 _sq._

    =Brinton, _Dr._ Daniel G.=
      aid of =5=: XXXV.
      _ben_ symbol interpreted by =16=: 248.
      cited =12=: 675, 718, 726, 727, 729; =30=: 158, 328.
      cited on chalchihuitl among Mexicans =9=: 590.
      cited on Haumonte’s Taensa grammar =7=: 96.
      cited on Heyoka gods =11=: 469.
      cited on ikonography =15=: XXVII.
      cited on Indian medicine-men =9=: 457, 480, 532.
      cited on linguistic value of Indian records =7=: 318.
      cited on Peruvian quipu =9=: 562.
      cited on relations of the Pima language =7=: 99.
      cited on white deliverer among Indians =14=: 658.
      classification of linguistic stocks by =12=: 523.
      classification of Seri and Waikuri by =17=: 108, 343* _sq._
      edition of Walam Olum by =19=: 190.
      examination of quarry shops by =15=: 52.
      interpretation of light symbol by =16=: 237.
      interpretation of _oc_ symbol by =16=: 239, 240.
      linguistic material of =30=: 18.
      Maya and Zapotec names harmonized by =16=: 237.
      Maya symbols interpreted by =15=: LIX.
      Mayan Dictionary transferred to Bureau by =21=: XXVI, XXVII.
      mention of =46=: 329, 330, 367.
      on Alagüilac number names =19=: 867.
      on Antillean aborigines =25=: 218.
      on Antillean language =25=: 78.
      on Arawak language =25=: 77.
      on archaic forms of Maya day names =19=: 864.
      on burial mound =5=: 39.
      on burial of collected bones =1=: 170.
      on Cakchiquel calendar =22, i=: 275 _sqq._, 279.
      on Cakehiquel numerals =19=: 900.
      on definition of _ahau_ =16=: 263.
      on definition of _ahmak_ =16=: 252.
      on definition of _aunahpu_ =16=: 263.
      on definition of _chab_ =16=: 253.
      on definition of _chinax_ =16=: 258 _sq._
      on definition of _eb_ =16=: 244.
      on definition of _edznab_ =16=: 259.
      on definition of _guache_ =16=: 227.
      on definition of _hix_ =16=: 249.
      on definition of _laa_ =16=: 245.
      on definition of _lamat_ =16=: 236.
      on definition of _tecpatl_ =16=: 258.
      on definition of _tax_ =16=: 231.
      on definition of _uotan_ =16=: 221, 222.
      on Delaware name for Cherokee =19=: 378.
      on Delaware tribal organization =19=: 497.
      on deluge myth =19=: 445.
      on derivation of _caban_ =16=: 255.
      on derivation of _chicchan_ =16=: 230.
      on derivation of _chuen_ =16=: 243.
      on derivation of _gopa_ =16=: 259.
      on derivation of _kanel_ =16=: 236.
      on derivation of _manik_ =16=: 234.
      on derivation of _muluk_ =16=: 238.
      on dice games, Delawares =24=: 70.
      on drum symbol in Maya Codex =16=: 209, 224.
      on early Central American day names =19=: 808.
      on first appearance of whites =19=: 191.
      on Flint and Rabbit myth =19=: 451.
      on formula, “unity of mind” =19=: 827.
      on hoops and poles, Delawares =24=: 446 _sq._
      on Indians as mound builders =5=: 84.
      on interpretation of _ik_ =19=: 746.
      on interpretation of Mexican calendar =3=: 40, 59, 65.
      on maggot sign in the codices =16=: 222.
      on Maya numeral system =19=: 891, 894.
      on Maya time periods =19=: 715.
      on meaning of certain symbols =16=: 213, 227, 239, 250.
      on mound builders =12=: 600.
      on name Kitu´whagĭ =19=: 182.
      on origin of _guilloo_ symbol =16=: 252.
      on origin of _naa_ symbol =16=: 251.
      on origin of the cross =2=: 270.
      on Pima lineal measurements =26=: 92.
      on petroglyphs from St. Vincent =25=: 159.
      on rabbit in Indian mythology =16=: 236.
      on Rama numerals =19=: 918.
      on ring and pin, Delawares =24=: 537.
      on Shawano =19=: 461, 495.
      on Tallige´wi =19=: 184.
      on the black deities =17=: 208.
      on the _eche_ day symbol =16=: 248.
      on the four-winds symbol =16=: 219.
      on the _ghanan_ symbol =16=: 226.
      on the Maya calendar =16=: 205.
      on the month name _zip_ =16=: 255.
      on the term _ni_ =16=: 219.
      on time of adoption of thirteen as group order =19=: 953.
      on Tzéntal number seven =19=: 717.
      on Uto-Aztecan family =19=: 866.
      on work of Zeisberger =28=: 275.
      on Xincan number names =19=: 881.
      quoted on influence of Indian medicine-men =9=: 593, 594.
      researches of =4=: 84, 188, 233.
      translation by, quoted from Goodman =19=: 717.
      Walam Olum published by =17=: 142; 26: 34.
      Zapotec terms interpreted by =16=: 218.

    =Brisco, _Mrs._=, mounds on plantation of, in Louisiana =12=: 252.

    =Bristol, Tenn.=, trails in region of =42=: 758, 759.

    =Bristol Bay=
      crania from =46=: 170, 190.
      mention of =46=: 254, 259.

    Bristles
      seal, used in Eskimo ornamentation =18=: 37, 39.
      used in drilling =14=: 267.

    =British=
      encouragement of Indian hostility by =19=: 64, 68.
      relations of, with Indians =19=: 98 _sq._
      retention of ports by (1790) =19=: 68.
      withdrawal of, from interior ports =19=: 81.
      withdrawal of, from the south =19=: 62.

    =British America=, association of ceramic and textile arts in =20=:
      67 _sq._

    =British Columbia=
      field work in =18=: XXIX; =22, i=: IX, XII; =23=: IX, XVIII,
        XXXIV.
      Indians of =46=: 32, 33.
      linguistic material collected in, work on =22, i=: XXXII _sq._
      petroglyphs in =10=: 44-48.
      researches in =30=: 15.

    =British Guiana=
      dyes used by Indians of =10=: 222.
      illustration of ornamentation by Indians of =6=: 217.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 686 _sq._
      pictographs in =4=: 40-44.

    =British Islands=, cup sculptures in =10=: 189.

    =British Museum=
      drawings by John White in =20=: 15, 26.
      specimens in =34=: 178.

    =Brittany=
      methods of keeping account in =10=: 264.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 176 _sq._

    =Britton, _Dr._, N. L.=
      assistance rendered by =38=: p. 14.
      on fossil Zizania in New Jersey =19=: 1031.

    =Broad House.= _See_ =Kintiel=.

    =Brobdingnagians=, possible originals of =17=: 53 _sq._

    =Broca, _Dr._ Paul=
      cited on primitive trephining =16=: 17, 18, 28.
      mention of =46=: 367.

    =Brodhead=, site of, an important point =42=: 800.

    =Brodie, Paul=, aid acknowledged =5=: 130.

    =Broken Arm=, delegate to Wovoka =14=: 820.

    =Broken Arrow.= _See_ =Łikatcka=.

    =Broken Leg=, pictographic representation of =10=: 716 _sq._

    =Brome Grass=, use of =45=: 516.

    =Bronchitis= among the Pima =26=: 268.

    =Bronson, I.=, sale of land to =18=: 662.

    =Brooches=, recovered from mound =44=: 167.

    =Brook Trout=, whole, chemical composition of =19=: 1081.

    =Brooke, Caroline M.=, acknowledgments to =17=: 147.

    =Brooke, _Gen._ J. B.=
      of, with Sioux chiefs =14=: 867.
      on reduction of Sioux rations =14=: 845.
      operations of, in Sioux outbreak =14=: 875, 882.
      troops under, in Sioux outbreak =14=: 850.

    =Brooke Grove Farm=, steatite quarries in =15=: 128.

    =Brooks, A. H.= =46=: 124, 125, 128.

    =Brooks, _Miss_ A. M.=, acknowledgments to =19=: 13.

    =Brooks, _Prof._ W. K.=, on Lucayan skulls =25=: 30.

    =Brooks Manuscript=
      on De Soto’s route =19=: 193, 194.
      on Pardo’s expedition =19=: 28, 29.

    =Broom Rape=, belief concerning =45=: 509.

    =Broom Weed= =33=: 133.

    =Brooms, C. B.=
      cited =30=: 164, 175, 176, 236, 237, 238 _sq._, 242 _sq._, 254,
        267, 268, 278, 297, 298 _sq._, 300, 341, 357, 358, 363 _sq._,
        368.
      on medicine-men =30=: 351 _sq._
      on protection against spirits =30=: 293 _sq._
      on Warracaba tiger =30=: 367.

    =Brooms=
      blue grama used for =30=: 83.
      of the Omaha =13=: 276.

    =Brosimum Aubletii=
      for bow making =38=: § 125.
      for clubs =38=: § 149.

    =Brother=
      application of the term =42=: 83.
      elder, application of the term =42=: 81, 92.
      sign for =1=: 521.
      younger, application of the term =42=: 81, 92.
      younger, rights of =35=: 1355.

    =Brotherhood= among Siouan Indians =15=: 178.

    =Brother-in-law=, application of the term =42=: 82, 83, 84, 93.

    =Brothers, The=, a Navaho myth =8=: 280-284.

    =Brotherton= land purchases =14=: 22.

    =Brotherton Indians=, tribes composing =42=: 211.

    =Brothertown=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 892.
      _See also_ =New York Indians=.

    =Brouillet, J. B.=,
      Cayuse vocabulary of =15=: XL.

    =Brower, Charles D.= =46=: 31, 32, 111, 123, 167, 172, 181, 206,
      318.

    =Brown, ----=
      on Crow habitat in 1817 =15=: 198.
      on Osage habitat =15=: 192.

    =Brown, _Colonel_ ----=, British agent at Chickamauga =19=: 55.

    =Brown, _Lieutenant_ ----=, aid of, among the Seminole =5=: 489.

    =Brown, _Mrs._ ----=, ransom of =19=: 66.

    =Brown, A. J.=, mission of =14=: 946.

    =Brown, Charles Barrington=
      on pictographs in Guiana =4=: 40, 43, 44.
      rock paintings mentioned by =10=: 144.

    =Brown, C. E.=
      acknowledgments to =37=: 48.
      quoted on copper implements =37=: 87 _sq._
      quoted on garden beds =37=: 103.
      quoted on intaglio mounds =37=: 81.

    =Brown, David=
      Bible translation by =19=: 111.
      on Cherokee condition in 1819 =19=: 112.
      on effect of invention of alphabet =19=: 110.
      report on Cherokee, with census by =5=: 240.

    =Brown, Hugh G.=, Kiowa agent in 1893 =17=: 226.

    =Brown, Jacob=, purchase from Cherokee =5=: 147.

    =Brown, Joseph=
      capture, adoption and release of =19=: 66.
      guide to expedition of 1794 =19=: 78.
      on attack on Buchanon’s station =19=: 73.
      on Martin’s expedition (1788) =19=: 65.

    =Brown, J. M.=, on ancestry of Sequoya =19=: 109.

    =Brown, J. P.=, quoted on the Dervishes =14=: 948.

    =Brown, J. Stanley= =23=: 18.

    =Brown, L. W.=, petroglyphs reported by =10=: 111, 112.

    =Brown, Orlando=, on Catawba among East Cherokee =19=: 165.

    =Brown, R.=, cited =46=: 331, 332, 333, 338, 344, 367.

    =Brown, Samuel R.=
      on birds destructive to wild rice =19=: 1027.
      on Menomini gathering wild rice =19=: 1062.
      on popular synonym for wild rice =19=: 1023.
      on tying wild rice =19=: 1058.
      on wild rice field in Wisconsin =19=: 1033.

    =Brown, Thomas=
      teacher among East Cherokee =19=: 171.
      translation by =40=: 27.

    =Brown, T. E.=, steatite quarry on farm of =15=: 126.

    =Brown, _Mrs._ Wallace=, myths related by =10=: 468.

    =Brown, William=, trail described by =42=: 762.

    =Brown, _Mrs._ W. W.=
      gift of shell beads by =5=: XXXVI.
      on dice games, Passamaquoddy =24=: 82 _sqq._
      on European games, Passamaquoddy =24=: 792.
      on games of Wabanaki Indians =24=: 75.
      on racket, Passamaquoddy =24=: 571.
      on racket, Wabanaki =24=: 571.
      on ring and pin, Passamaquoddy =24=: 540 _sq._
      on snow-snake, Passamaquoddy =24=: 406.
      and red ware from Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 58 _sq._
      pottery from Santa Clara =2=: 447.
      Serian and Yuman words meaning =17=: 335* _sq._

    =Brown County, Ill.=, mounds in =5=: 39 _sqq._

    =Brown County, Ohio=, occurrence of earthenware spools in =20=: 44.

    =Browne, H. G.=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Browne, John=, license to purchase land issued to =18=: 578.

    =Browne, J. Ross=
      on establishment of stage lines =26=: 32.
      on fight at “Bloody Tanks” =26=: 50 _sq._
      on Pima agriculture =26=: 90.
      on Pima and Maricopa villages =26=: 21.
      on Pima greetings =26=: 199.
      report on Fresno River reserve by =18=: 823.
      work of, cited =28=: 53, 62.

    =Brownell, ----=, =46=: 219.

    =Browning, D. M.=
      on decision of citizenship claims =19=: 154.
      on East Cherokee affairs =19=: 179.
      on opening of Cherokee strip =19=: 153.

    =Browning, O. H.=, annuls sale of Cherokee neutral land by Secretary
      Harlan =5=: 349.

    =Brown’s Cave, La Crosse Valley, Wis.=, petroglyphs in =10=: 126.

    =Brown’s Valley, Minn.=, petroglyphs in =10=: 90.

    =Brown’s Valley, S. Dak.=, petroglyphs near =10=: 114.

    =Brownstone, W. Va.=, ancient works at =42=: 755.

    =Brownstown=
      cession of reserve at =18=: 690.
      establishment of reserve at =18=: 676.
      treaty of =18=: 676.

    =Brownsville, Tenn.=, trail from mound near =42=: 854.

    =Broyuan=. _See_ =Urayoan=.

    =Bruce, James=, quoted on Abyssinian hairdressing =9=: 492.

    =Bruce County, Ontario=, pot from =20=: 110.

    =Bruchidae=, larvae of =26=: 74.

    =Brück, ----=, on use of hat mask in New Britain =3=: 101.

    =Bruhier, J. J.=
      on Corsican customs =1=: 147.
      on Persian burial =1=: 103.

    =Brühl, Gustav=, on Pojoaque =29=: 335.

    =Bruises=, medicine for reducing =30=: 44.

    =Brulé=
      definition of =4=: 98, 207.
      definition and habitat of =15=: 160.
      Kiowa name of =17=: 160.
      mention of =4=: 108, 109, 119, 120, 122, 127, 132, 134, 135, 136,
        137, 141.
      winter counts =4=: 129.
      _See also_ =Brulé Dakota=; etc.; =Sitcaⁿxu=.

    =Brulé Dakota=
      colloquy in signs =1=: 491.
      origin of, as pictographic call, recorded =10=: 567.
      tribal designation of =10=: 382.
      _See also_ =Dakota, _Brulé_=.

    =Brulé Reserve.= _See_ =Lower Brulé Reserve=.

    =Brulé Sioux=
      tree and scaffold burial of =1=: 158, 160.
      _See also_ =Sioux (_Brulé_)=.

    =Brulés=
      a Teton division =14=: 1058.
      Ghost dance among the =14=: 847.

    =Brunca=, numerals of =19=: 919.

    =Brunett, _Mrs._ ----=, an informant =44=: 324.

    =Brunot, ----=, on Columbia River land reserve =14=: 709.

    =Brunson, Alfred=
      on relative value to Ojibwa of government annuity and natural
        products =19=: 1096 _sq._
      quoted on the Menomini =14=: 36.

    =Brunswick County=, steatite quarries in =15=: 132.

    =Brush, E. A.=, land-treaty witness =14=: 29.

    =Brush=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 93.
      Eskimo traps made of =18=: 121 _sq._, 133, 184.
      for painting =38=: § 512.
      structures of, discussed =13=: 237.
      use of, in roof construction =8=: 150.
      _See also_ =Brushes=.

    =Brush Shelters= =8=: 217 _sqq._

    =Brush Symbol= in the Maya codices =16=: 244.

    =Brushes=
      application of colors by, eastern United States =20=: 67, 68.
      blue grama used for =30=: 83.
      soapweed used for =30=: 82.
      _See also_ =Brush=.

    =Bruyas, _Rev._ Jacques=
      on dice games, Mohawk =24=: 110 _sq._
      on Mohawk name for titmouse =19=: 454.

    =Bruyier, John=
      cited on ghost belief =11=: 489.
      cited on Siouan myths =11=: 480.
      reference to work of =11=: 362.
      translation by =9=: XXXVII.

    =Bruyns, J. H.=, license to purchase land issued to =18=: 579.

    =Bry, T. de=, on mystic use of bird ornaments =13=: 126.

    =Bryam, O. N.=, collections of =15=: 18.

    =Bryant, ----=, quotation from =19=: LXXXIX.

    =Bryant, ----=, wild rice harvesting illustrations, reference to
      =19=: 1057.

    =Bryant, Edwin=, on hand game, Maidu =24=: 298.

    =Bryant, Henry S.=
      material collected by =24=: 608, 752.
      on use in game of images, by Arctic Highlanders =24=: 104.

    =Bryant, L. E.=, acknowledgment to =42=: 842.

    =Bryant Steatite Quarry= =15=: 125.

    =Bryson, Daniel=, on Cherokee heroism =19=: 501.

    =Bryson, _Maj._ James=
      acknowledgments to =19=: 13.
      on Cherokee heroism =19=: 501.
      on Cherokee roundup =19=: 131.
      on Rutherford’s route =19=: 205.

    =Bryson City, N. C.=
      capture of East Cherokee at =19=: 171.
      polishing stone from =20=: 56.

    =Buchanon, James=, on synonym for Menomini =19=: 1048.

    =Buchanon’s Station=, attack on, in 1792 =19=: 73.

    =Buck (_m._)=, =Buckeen (_f._)=, Creole names for Indians =38=: §
      792.

    =Buck, John=
      Onondaga chief and fire-keeper, annalist =21=: 136.
      Onondaga cosmological myth narrated by =24=: XVIII.

    =Buck, _Shaman_ Joshua=, information furnished by =38=: p. 7; =41=:
      8.

    =Buck Shell= =38=: § 792.

    =Buckeen.= _See_ =Buck=.

    =Bucket Handles= of the Eskimo =18=: 100-103.

    =Buckets= of the Eskimo =9=: 86 _sqq._; =18=: 72.

    =Buckeye=, medicinal use of =42=: 658.

    =Buckhorn Implements= used in quarrying =15=: 23.

    =Buckland River= =46=: 203.

    =Buckle, ----=, on Cherokee-Chickasaw war =19=: 38.

    =Buckley, John= =46=: 38.

    =Bucknell, _Capt._ Jim=, material collected from =24=: 291.

    =Bucknell River=, old sites =46=: 202.

    =Buckner, Wiley=, information from =42=: 544.

    =Buckner and Herrod=, list of months made by =42=: 401.

    =Buck’s Garden, Va.=, route from =42=: 768.

    =Buckskin=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 60, 98, 102,
        108, 111, 121.
      ceremony of throwing out, to spirits =37=: 431, 513, 544.
      decorative use of, in Pamürti festival =21=: 28.
      in making war implement for Hopi katcinas =21=: 90.
      marking of =37=: 443.
      offering of, to spirits =37=: 429 _sq._, 465.
      preparation of, for war-bundle feast =37=: 428, 442, 530.
      use of, as altar =47=: 280, 301.
      use of, in apparel of Hopi katcinas =21=: 72, 73, 79, 85, 86, 87,
        94.
      use of, in trade =41=: 158.

    =Buckskin Bag=, occurrence of, with Mandan vessel =20=: 198.

    =Buckskin Ball=, appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=:
      116.

    =Budd, Harry=
      on Arroyo Hondo =29=: 187.
      on Arroyo Hondo Creek =29=: 176.
      on Arroyo Hondo settlement =29=: 177.
      on Elizabethtown =29=: 176.
      on Luceros settlement =29=: 176.
      on Pueblo Canyon =29=: 191.
      on Pueblo ruin =29=: 196.
      on Ranches de Taos =29=: 185.
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 304.
      on Sandia =29=: 525.
      on Santa Clara =29=: 241.
      on Santa Fe =29=: 460.
      on Seco town =29=: 178.

    =Buell, _Col._ G. P.=, destruction of Kiowa camp by =17=: 211.

    =Buelna, Eustaquio=
      on Cahita number names =19=: 867.
      on Cahita numerals =19=: 908.

    =Buen Llano=, Pima village =26=: 21.

    =Buena Vista=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.
      Ruin, description of =22, i=: 171 _sqq._

    =Buena y Alcalde, Mariano Antonio=, plan for Seri mission by =17=:
      80.

    =Buenaguia=, Alarcon’s name for Colorado River =14=: 406, 574.

    =Buffalo=
      abandonment of Sun-dance for lack of =17=: 346.
      albino, sacred =27=: 284.
      as food =46=: 581 _sq._
      as taboo animal =27=: 47.
      beliefs concerning =11=: 37, 393, 403, 475, 505, 510, 518.
      Cherokee gift of skin of, to Spaniards =19=: 27.
      connection of, with origin of maize =27=: 76 _sqq._
      connection of, with Te´ithaethe =27=: 487 _sq._
      disappearance of =27=: 29, 33, 244, 619, 634 _sq._
      discussion of destruction of =46=: 460 _sqq._
      effect of extermination of =17=: 349.
      extermination of =17=: 199, 207, 219, 283, 344, 345, 349.
      fat of, use of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 20.
      gathering of, at Salt Licks =42=: 742, 743, 788.
      gentes of the Omaha =13=: 277.
      hair of, symbolism of =22, ii=: 22, 47.
      hair of, use of =22, ii=: 20.
      hair of, use of rope of =22, ii=: 26.
      hunting of =45=: 96, 103, 347; =46=: 530-536.
      importance of =45=: 624, 632; =46=: 410 _sqq._
      Indian trade in =17=: 345.
      influence of, on the Indian =13=: LIV.
      Kiowa attempt to restore =17=: 345.
      Kiowa genesis of =17=: 349.
      Kiowa methods of hunting =17=: 309.
      Kiowa reverence for =17=: 237.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 263, 293, 410, 412, 443.
      origin of =27=: 71, 147, 239.
      parts of, eaten raw =46=: 581.
      purchase of, for Sun dance =17=: 355.
      represented in Shell Society figure =27=: 559.
      reservation for =18=: 796.
      results of extermination of =45=: 152.
      robe of, use of =22, ii=: 26.
      sign for =1=: 488.
      signals for, discovered =1=: 532.
      skull, use of, in ceremonial =11=: 545.
      special connection of, with man =27=: 512.
      Sun ceremony, derivation of Calako masks from tribes practicing
        the =21=: 110.
      symbolism of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 80, 81.
      taboo among the Omaha =11=: 411.
      _See also_ =Bison=; =Buffaloes=; =Game=; =Hunting=; =Muscaras=;
        =Mucaias=.

    =Buffalo Back=, a life symbol =36=: 132.

    =Buffalo Back Gens= =36=: 134-139.

    =Buffalo Bill.= _See_ =Cody, W. F.=

    =Buffalo-Bill-coming-out=
      Kiowa leader =24=: 285.
      _See also_ =Pa-tepte=.

    =Buffalo, Black.= _See_ =Black Buffalo=.

    =Buffalo Bull=, as a symbol of courage and strength =39=: 244.

    =Buffalo-Bull Eagle=, Minikooju gentes given by =15=: 220.

    =Buffalo-bull-face Gens.= _See_ =Tse-do´-ga Iⁿ-dse Gens=.

    =Buffalo-Bull Gens=
      rite accredited to =39=: 205.
      _See also_ =Tho´-xe Gens=.

    =Buffalo Bull Men=, songs of the rising of the =39=: 206-213.

    =Buffalo Bur=, used in medicine =30=: 60.

    =Buffalo Calf= on Kwapa gentes =15=: 230.

    =Buffalo Clan=
      functions of =37=: 200, 243.
      funeral customs of =37=: 154 _sq._
      origin myth of =37=: 243 _sqq._
      personal names of =37=: 246.
      songs of =37=: 245.

    =Buffalo Clan Feast=, participation in  =37=: 206.

    =Buffalo Creek, N. C.=
      cession of reserve on =18=: 770, 776.
      mounds near =5=: 68.
      reservation on =18=: 660.
      treaty of =18=: 662, 768-772, 776.

    =Buffalo Dance=
      appearance of Mucaias mana in =21=: 92.
      celebration of =21=: 21.
      description of =11=: 513.
      description of, Palülükoñti festival =21=: 43.
      legend of origin of =19=: 352, 485.
      mention of =45=: 387.
      of the Omaha =3=: 347.
      of the Sauk =40=: 504.
      origin of =21=: 31.
      significance of appearance of eagle in =21=: 67.
      tradition concerning =42=: 787.
      Woe katcina represented in =21=: 66.
      _See also_ =Bison-dance=; =Green Buffalo Dance=; =White Buffalo
        Dance=.

    =Buffalo-eaters=, name applied to the Bannock =14=: 1051.

    =Buffalo-Face Gens=
      mention of =36=: 121.
      _See also_ =Tse-do´-ga Iⁿ-dse Gens=.

    =Buffalo Game= of the Cheyenne =24=: 446.

    =Buffalo Gap=, appearance of troops at =14=: 850.

    =Buffalo Head=, the wa-xo´-be of an Omaha subgens =36=: 65.

    =Buffalo Horn.= _See_ =Sétk`opte, Paul=.

    =Buffalo-horn Game= of the Teton Dakota =24=: 417.

    =Buffalo Hunt=
      ceremonial cleansing before =33=: 132.
      description of =37=: 112.
      influence of, on basketry =41=: 141.
      Ponka, ritual connected with =27=: 442, 446.
      route of, designated by chiefs =36=: 67.
      winter, account of =27=: 271.

    =Buffalo Hunt, Annual=
      control of Council of Seven =27=: 209 _sq._
      dispatch of scouts =27=: 142, 423-426.
      general account of =27=: 137, 270 _sq._, 275-283.
      leadership in Iⁿke´çabe gens =27=: 146 _sq._
      preservation of order in =27=: 215.
      references to =27=: 45, 46, 357 _sq._
      religious element in =27=: 309.
      rites connected with =27=: 200, 596.

    =Buffalo Maid=
      sun symbol worn by =21=: 93.
      _See also_ =Mucaias mana=.

    =Buffalo Man=, side composed of one rib =32=: 101.

    =Buffalo Path= =42=: 788-791.

    =Buffalo Pea= =33=: 91.

    =Buffalo Plains= visited by Spaniards =14=: LVII.

    =Buffalo Robe=
      symbolic, used in ceremony =43=: 54.
      use of =45=: 235.

    =Buffalo Shrine=, offerings placed in, in Buffalo dance =21=: 30.

    =Buffalo Sioux=, connection of, with northeastern textile-marked
      pottery =20=: 198.

    =Buffalo Skin=
      appearance of, in representations of Hopi katcinas =21=: 73.
      instructions for dressing =36=: 270 _sq._
      replacement of, by sheepskin =21=: 92.
      use of, in apparel of Hopi katcinas =21=: 73.

    =Buffalo Society=
      mention of =40=: 517.
      number of =37=: 317 _sq._
      _See also_ =Little Spotted Buffalo Society=.

    =Buffalo Songs=
      mention of =36=: 141 _sqq._, 293 _sq._; =45=: 623-639, 640-643.
      meaning of =36=: 143 _sq._
      of the Osage =39=: 192-205, 283-289.
      ritual closed with =39=: 205, 326.

    =Buffalo Spirits=
      myths of =37=: 437.
      society of those blessed by =37=: 344-347.

    =Buffalo Tail=, feast to =37=: 387.

    =Buffalo Trace=, route of =42=: 742.

    =Buffalo Trails=, followed by immigrants =42=: 742.

    =Buffalo Youth.= _See_ =Mucaias taka=.

    =Buffaloberry=
      mention of =33=: 106.
      use of =45=: 472, 489, 505.

    =Buffaloes=
      a gift to the people =39=: 207, 211.
      age of the =15=: 187.
      as a sign of blessing =40=: 49.
      belief in restoration of =14=: 799, 907, 1088.
      belief of the Kiowa concerning =14=: 906.
      body killed but spirit unharmed =32=: 102.
      ceremony for restoration of =14=: 906.
      effect of extermination of =14=: 825, 829, 831, 833.
      former range of =15=: 173.
      hair of, as a symbol =39=: 58 _sq._
      hair used in medicine =14=: 1033.
      hearts and tongues of, collected =3=: 289.
      hearts and tongues of, feast on =3=: 290.
      hunted in Allegheny regions =41=: 611.
      hunting by the Sioux =14=: 824.
      hunting, how conducted =14=: 1071.
      importance of, to Siouan Indians =15=: 172, 173.
      in Biänk`i’s vision =14=: 910.
      Indian dependence on =14=: 980.
      in Ghost dance doctrine =14=: 821, 1064.
      in Sioux mythology =14=: 1063.
      in Tennessee =41=: 608 _sq._
      killed in hunt, division of =3=: 291.
      late arrival of, in Tennessee =41=: 609.
      order of approaching a herd of =3=: 289.
      skins of, given to Coronado =14=: 505.
      skins of, obtained through trade by Sonora Indians =14=: 357.
      story about =43=: 397.
      use of skulls of, in Sioux ceremony =14=: 822.
      vision of =14=: 797, 821.
      _See also_ =Buffalo=; and cross-references.

    =Bufort, T. Jay=
      material collected by =24=: 248.
      on hand game, Calapooya =24=: 284.
      on stick game, Klamath =24=: 248.
      on stick game, Tututni =24=: 239.

    =Bugle Weed=
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 420.
      use of =44=: 207, 290, 320; =45=: 480.

    =Bugloss= in Cherokee lore =19=: 426.

    =Bugs= not indigenous to British Guiana =38=: § 934.

    =Buhrstone=
      formation of =44=: 505.
      _See also_ =Chert _(varieties of)_=.

    =Buhuti.= _See_ =Boii=; =Priesthood _(Antillean)_=.

    =Builder’s Tools= of the Eskimo =9=: 302 _sqq._

    =Building= among the Sia =11=: 23.

    =Building Chant= of the Seri =17=: 223* _sq._

    =Building Materials=, used by Pueblo Indians =22, i=: 176, 177.

    =Buildings=
      character of =41=: 552.
      custodians of =42=: 180.
      number of, on Gordon site =41=: 495, 497.
      on mound =41=: 501, 562 _sqq._, 567-571.
      public, evolution of =42=: 176.
      public, types of =42=: 191.
      sacred, of the Creeks =42=: 687.
      shape of =41=: 495.
      storage, Spring Canyons =33=: 165.
      traces of =41=: 591.
      _See also_ =House=.

    =Buli _or_ Butterfly Clan=
      advent of, at Walpi =19=: 585.
      introduction of Owakülti from Awatobi by =21=: 58.
      same as Homani or Badger Clan =19=: 607.

    =Buli Manas=
      appearance of, in Butterfly dance =21=: 58.
      derivation of =21=: 125.
      description of =21=: 119, 120.

    =Bulimus= =38=: § 286.

    =Bulitikibi=, description of =21=: 58.

    =Bulkley, Charles S.= =46=: 128.

    =Bull, William=, treaty concluded by =18=: 633.

    =Bull-boat=, description of =27=: 36, 37.

    =Bull Head=
      at arrest of Sitting Bull =14=: 857.
      Cherokee leader in wars with Creeks =19=: 384.
      killed in Sitting Bull fight =14=: 858.
      shot by Catch-the-bear =14=: 857.
      Sioux policy under =14=: 855.
      Sitting Bull shot by =14=: 857.
      stoutness of, caused by the curse of Txämsᴇm =31=: 71.

    =Bull Nettle=
      used in curdling milk =30=: 70.
      used in medicine =30=: 60.

    =Bull Snake=, a life symbol =36=: 103.

    =Bull-tail=, death of =17=: 269.

    =Bullard, Jack=, syllabary text by =40=: 378.

    =Bullard, _Mrs._ Jack=, sacred pack owned by =40=: 378.

    =Bullet=
      game of =24=: 309, 339-345.
      game of the Menomini =14=: 242.
      game played with =44=: 244.
      lead, recovered from mound =44=: 166.

    =Bullet Molds= of the Eskimo =18=: 164.

    =Bullet Starter= of the Eskimo =18=: 164.

    =Bullfrog=
      myths concerning =19=: 310 _sq._, 463.
      _See also_ =Frog=.

    =Bullhead-dish= =35=: 813, 816, 818.

    =Bullroarer=
      appearance of, in Hopi katcinas =21=: 30.
      description of =24=: 750.
      in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 97, 120.
      of the Arapaho =14=: 974, 975.
      played by the =24=:
        Apache 750.
        Dakota, Oglala 750.
        Dakota, Teton 750.
        Hopi 750.
        Navaho 750.
        Omaha 750.
        Zuñi 750.
      use of, among Indians =9=: 476-479.
      use of, by Tcolawitze =21=: 61.
      _See also_ =Whizzer=.

    =Bull’s Dance=, description of =46=: 562.

    =Bull’s Dry Bones=, doctor and soothsayer =46=: 422.

    =Bulrush=
      mention of =33=: 69.
      use of =44=: 393, 397, 320, 378; =45=: 481, 484.

    =Buluc-ahau=, a Maya deity =16=: 244.

    =Bulwer, ----=, on customs of self-mutilation =3=: 77, 83, 84, 85.

    =Bumblebees=, used as medicine =44=: 331.

    =Bun, Hot Cross=, of Good Friday =9=: 544 _sq._

    =Bunch-berries (_Chamaepericlineum unalaschkense_).=
      mention of =35=: 596.
      use of =44=: 288, 321; =45=: 458.

    =Bundle Burials=
      of bones =41=: 601 _sq._
      _See also_ =Burial=.

    =Bunia Bird=
      associated with air plants =30=: 209, 231 _sq._, 371.
      legends of =30=: 131, 209, 221, 231 _sq._
      man taught by =30=: 147, 209, 221, 271.
      stench of =30=: 371.

    =Bunnell, C. E.= =46=: 31, 38.

    =Bunts=, described and figured =13=: 168.

    =Bunzel, _Dr._ Ruth=
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      reference to =41=: 387.

    =Buoy=, of fishing line =35=: 180.

    =Buprestis=, wing cases as bells =38=: § 575.

    =Bur Snakeroot=
      use of =44=: 293.
      _See also_ =Sanicula Canadensis=.

    =Bura.= _See_ =Deer=.

    =Burch, James=, contractor for stage line =26=: 32.

    =Burchard, J. L.=, on pit burial =1=: 124.

    =Burchell’s= =46=: 46.

    =Burden Baskets=
      change in =41=: 236, 361.
      coils of =41=: 164, 165.
      description of =41=: 198-201.
      designs on =41=: 229-234.
      development of form of =41=: 386.
      grouped according to shape =41=: 197.
      of the Chilcotin =41=: 344-348.
      of the Lillooet =41=: 336-338, 421 _sq._
      of the Shuswap =41=: 351 _sq._
      of the Thompson =41=: 416-420.
      proportions of =41=: 212-223.
      shape of =41=: 137.
      technical difficulties in decorating =41=: 258 _sq._
      terms for =41=: 395 _sq._
      two groups of =41=: 217 _sq._
      value of =41=: 157, 158.
      widespread use of =41=: 141.

    =Burden-bearer= in Troano Codex =16=: 250.

    =Burden-bearing= by the Seri =17=: 149*.

    =Burden-strap=
      description of =27=: 339 _sq._
      symbolic =36=: 152, 153.

    =Burdock=
      medicinal use of =43=: 266.
      mention of =33=: 135.
      of recent introduction =33=: 59.
      use of =44=: 287, 340, 377.
      _See also_ =Arctium Minus=.

    =Bure-akwa=, gourd flageolet =38=: § 565.

    =Bureau of American Ethnology=
      appropriations for =41=: 1, 25, 47, 77, 99.
      director and chiefs of =48=: 1188.
      Eighth Annual Report of the, cited on Tusayan architecture =19=:
        579.
      expedition of July 1879, members of =23=: 15.
      linguistic classification of Siouan tribes =27=: 605.
      policy of =42=: 1 _sq._
      report on work of =42=: 1-19.
      sketch of =48=: 1187 _sqq._
      system of spelling of =4=: 147.
      work of, in Alaska =46=: 30.
      work of =41=: 3, 25 _sqq._, 47-50, 77-80, 99 _sqq._
      _See also_ =Administrative Report=.

    =Bureau of Indian Affairs=, policy of =47=: 56.

    =Buret de Longchamps=, on Borinqueño tradition =25=: 130.

    =Burgoa=, on Huave number =19=: 918.

    =Burgos, Juan de=, estate of, forfeited for bachelorhood =14=: 379.

    =Burgos sp.=, for shell beads =38=: § 73.

    =Buri=, timber for fire-stick =38=: § 1.

    =Burial=
      among northern Indians =11=: 271.
      among Pueblo Indians =14=: 518.
      among the Sia =11=: 144.
      ancient and modern methods of =32=: 459.
      Apingi =1=: 125, 126.
      aquatic =1=: 180.
      Bari of Africa =1=: 125.
      Bechuanas of Africa =1=: 126.
      beneath, or in cabins, wigwams, or in houses =1=: 122.
      beneath, or in dwellings =12=: 674.
      box =1=: 155.
      burning of food at =35=: 709.
      by men =40=: 423.
      by Tiguex Indians =14=: 595.
      by women =40=: 423.
      Caddos =1=: 103.
      cairn =1=: 142.
      cairn, of the Ute =1=: 142.
      Carolina tribes =1=: 93.
      case, of the Cheyenne =1=: 162, 163.
      cave =1=: 126.
      ceremonies, use of fire in =12=: 675.
      chieftain, of the =1=: 110, 111.
      classification of =1=: 92 _sq._
      communal or tribal =12=: 657.
      customs connected with =11=: 486; =42=: 337, 384, 388, 398.
      Damara =1=: 126.
      dance, Yokaía =1=: 192, 194.
      dances =1=: 192.
      Eskimo manner of =18=: 310 _sqq._, 314 _sq._
      feast, description of, by Beltrami =1=: 190, 191.
      feast, of the Hurons =1=: 191.
      feasts =1=: 190.
      feasts, superstitions regarding =1=: 191.
      festivals and customs =38=: § 839-867.
      fires of the Algonkin =1=: 198.
      fires of the Eskimo =1=: 198.
      fires of the Yurok =1=: 198.
      folding skeletons in =12=: 539.
      food =1=: 192.
      games during =1=: 195.
      grave =1=: 101.
      ground, in canoes =1=: 112.
      in logs =1=: 138, 139.
      in mounds =1=: 115.
      in sitting or squatting posture =12=: 674.
      in standing position =1=: 151, 152.
      Indians of Virginia =1=: 125.
      instance of hasty, after battle =12=: 546.
      interment, the usual mode of =12=: 672.
      Iroquois =1=: 140.
      Kaffir (of Africa) =1=: 126.
      Klamath and Trinity Indians =1=: 106, 107.
      Latookas =1=: 126.
      lodge =1=: 152.
      lodges of the Blackfeet =1=: 154.
      lodges of the Cheyenne =1=: 154.
      lodges of the Shoshone =1=: 153, 154.
      mention of =31=: 534; =35=: 973, 1087.
      method of bundling skeleton in =12=: 539.
      methods of, Florida and Gulf Coast =20=: 119.
      Muscogulges =1=: 122, 123.
      meaning and derivation of word =1=: 93.
      myth concerning =19=: 256, 440.
      of Alaric =1=: 181.
      of an Indian chief described =12=: 678.
      of Blackbird =1=: 139.
      of De Soto =1=: 181.
      of Long Horse =1=: 153.
      of Ouray =1=: 128.
      of parts of body =35=: 743.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 832-836.
      of the Moquis =1=: 114.
      of the Navaho =1=: 123.
      of the Obongo =1=: 139, 140.
      of twins =35=: 686.
      Parsi method of =1=: 105, 106.
      pit =1=: 93.
      Pitt River Indians =1=: 151.
      position in =40=: 383, 393.
      posts, Sioux and Chippewa =1=: 197, 198.
      Potomac-Chesapeake province, influence of, on potter’s art =20=:
        150 _sq._
      pulling down of roof at =35=: 709.
      removal of flesh before =12=: 672.
      Round Valley Indian =1=: 124.
      sacrifice, Aztecs and Tarascos =1=: 190.
      sacrifice, Indians of the northwest =1=: 187, 189.
      sacrifice, Indians of Panama =1=: 180.
      sacrifice, Natchez =1=: 187, 189.
      sacrifice, Tsinuk =1=: 179.
      sacrifice, Wascopums =1=: 189, 190.
      Sauks and Foxes =1=: 94, 95.
      scaffold =1=: 162.
      several modes of =12=: 672.
      skeletons often bundled in =12=: 673.
      skeletons sometimes folded in =12=: 674.
      song, Schiller’s =1=: 110, 111.
      songs =1=: 194.
      songs of Basques and others =1=: 195.
      superstitions, Chippewas =1=: 199, 200.
      superstitions, Indians of Washington territory =1=: 201.
      superstitions, Karok =1=: 200.
      superstitions, Kelta =1=: 200.
      superstitions, Modocs =1=: 200, 201.
      superstitions, Mosquito Indians =1=: 201.
      superstitions, Tlascaltecs =1=: 201.
      superstitions, Tolowa =1=: 200.
      surface =1=: 138, 139.
      tree =35=: 1120.
      urn =1=: 137.
      urn and cover, Georgia =1=: 138.
      urn and cover, North Mexico =1=: 138.
      use of pottery in =20=: 23 _sq._, 25, 33, 37-42.
      _See also_ =Burial Boxes, etc=.; =Burials=; =Mortuary Customs=;
        =Mortuary Pottery=.

    =Burial Boxes=
      painting of =46=: =64=.
      _See also_ =Boxes=.

    =Burial Case=, boat-shaped, clay =12=: 360.

    =Burial Cists=
      in Casa Blanca =16=: 109.
      in cliff ruins, discussed =16=: 166.
      _See also_ =Cists=.

    =Burial Customs=
      mention of =47=: 137 _sq._, 248 _sqq._, 276, 278, 286, 290, 482
        _sq._, 540, 856.
      of the Assiniboin =46=: 570-576.
      of the Chickasaw =44=: 229-235.
      of the Creek =42=: 337, 384, 388-398.
      of the Guiana Indians, details =30=: 149, 155-160.
      of Indians and mound builders compared =12=: 671-679.
      of the K`iakima natives =8=: 86.
      of the Salishan tribes =45=: 164, 172-176, 288 _sq._, 382 _sq._
      of the Tsimshian =31=: 534 _sqq._
      of the West Indian natives =34=: 90, 225, 226.
      of the Zuñi =15=: 306.
      _See also_ =Burial=; =Burials=; etc.; =Funeral Customs=; =Mortuary
        Customs=.

    =Burial Grounds=
      Barrow =46=: 206.
      East Cape =46=: 211.
      general =46=: 172.
      location of =44=: 64.
      Nook =46=: 197.
      Pastolik =46=: 195.
      pottery in =4=: 434.
      preference, Yukon =46=: 68.
      Western Eskimo =46=: 183.

    =Burial House= =33=: 658.

    =Burial Inclosures= at K`iakima =8=: 147.

    =Burial Mounds=
      absence of =46=: 573.
      classification of, in Ohio district =12=: 567.
      description of =41=: 586 _sqq._
      in group at Rice Lake =37=: 92.
      in Upper Barbaboo Valley =37=: 91.
      of the Appalachian district =12=: 574.
      of the Dakotan district =12=: 538.
      of Wisconsin, built in part, at least, by Indians =12=: 708.
      _See also_ =Conical Mound=.

    =Burial Mounds of the Northern Sections of the United States=, by
      Cyrus Thomas =5=: XXXVIII-XLII, 3-119.

    =Burial of the Cliff-dweller=, preservation of =41=: 52.

    =Burial Places=
      caves as =34=: 57, 61, 248.
      mounds as =34=: 247.
      of the Zuñi 8: 148.
      _See also_ =Graveyards=.

    =Burials=
      above ground =46=: 183.
      absence of, in mound =41=: 501.
      adult, in house circle =41=: 543.
      after decay of the flesh =41=: 601.
      along Saline River =42=: 808.
      around Winfield =42=: 844.
      assimilation of, by tundra =46=: 77, 79.
      at Gordon site =41=: 498 _sq._
      at Elden Pueblo 43: 2 _sq._; 44: 2 _sq._
      Auk Point =46=: 33.
      Barrow =46=: 111.
      beneath floor of houses =44=: 232.
      Bonasila =46=: 60, 61, 63.
      “bunched” =44=: 454.
      bundles, description of =44=: 454.
      Burchell’s =46=: 46.
      burial boxes =46=: 183.
      cave =42=: 752.
      change in, after Civil War =42=: 397.
      covered with stones =42=: 702.
      customs connected with =37=: 140-155.
      deep, of recent objects =46=: 65, 67, 169.
      despoiling of =46=: 63, 64.
      earth, clans employing =37=: 187.
      Eklutna =46=: 38.
      flexed or folded =41=: 587 _sq._; =42=: 844; =44=: 454.
      Ghost Creek =46=: 63, 64.
      Goldthorpe =37=: 99.
      Greyling River =46=: 58.
      in Burton Mound =42=: 9.
      in cane baskets =41=: 571.
      in Chaco Canyon =44=: 10.
      in conical mounds =37=: 84.
      in dwelling of deceased =42=: 392, 394, 395.
      in fire bowl =41=: 560.
      in floor of wigwam =41=: 598.
      in houses =46=: 183, 364.
      in lodge =46=: 573.
      in mounds =44=: 416-421, 424, 447 _sqq._, 453-463, 465 _sq._
      in Nacoochee mound =37=: 2 sq.
      in Province of Gualdape =42=: 689.
      in rocks =46=: 183.
      in shell heap =44=: 442-446.
      in sitting position =42=: 390, 392, 395, 397; =44=: 66, 230; =46=:
        573, 574.
      in sitting position, explanation of =42=: 397 _sq._
      in stone chambers =37=: 103.
      intrusive =41=: 606; =44=: 417, 418.
      Kaltag (above) =46=: 55.
      Kotlik (near) =46=: 75.
      Little Diomede =46=: 95.
      location of =46=: 183.
      medicine taken after =42=: 664.
      Meyer’s (below) =46=: 50.
      “Mounds” near Barrow =46=: 319.
      multiple =41=: 605.
      nature of =46=: 55, 58, 61, 63, 77, 90.
      near salt spring =42=: 783.
      Nulato (below) =46=: 54.
      objects accompanying =46=: 77.
      of bones of the dead =41=: 538; =42=: 389.
      of children =41=: 499, 520 _sq._, 537, 546, 547, 598, 601.
      of dead under dwellings =4=: 288.
      of property with the dead =4=: 288.
      of stillborn or very young children =42=: 398; =47=: 214.
      of the living, no evidence of =42=: 384.
      of the Thunderbird clan =37=: 211.
      on hilltop =46=: 572.
      orientation in =42=: 390, 395, 396, 398; =44=: 230, 233; =46=:
        572, 573.
      papers on =40=: 16; =43=: 16.
      Pastolik =46=: 75, 78.
      place of =47=: 210.
      Point Hope =46=: 102.
      prejudice against disturbance of =44=: 66.
      Ruby (near) =46=: 49, 53.
      scaffold, clans employing =37=: 187.
      scaffold or tree =46=: 493, 571, 572, 574.
      self =46=: 184.
      Seward Peninsula =46=: 90.
      Shincrara =46=: 109.
      stone slab, excavated =44=: 488 _sq._
      surface =46=: 363.
      two methods of =37=: 140.
      under bed in dwelling =42=: 381, 383, 392.
      under house floor =42=: 394, 395.
      Yukon Eskimo =46=: 83.
      Yukon, location of =46=: 138.
      _See also_ =Bundle Burials=; =Burial=; =etc.=; =Children’s
        Burial=; =Flexed Burials=; =Graves=; =Scaffold Burials=;
        =Stone-slab Burials=.

    =Burials, Eskimo=
      cremation of the dead =9=: 426.
      disposal of the corpse =9=: 425 _sq._
      dog’s head placed near child’s grave =9=: 426.
      implement of the deceased buried with him =9=: 424, 426.
      manner of preparing the corpse for =9=: 424.
      mourning of the dead =9=: 426.
      of children =46=: 77.
      protection of corpse from animals =9=: 425.

    =“Buried City of the Panhandle,”= visited by Dr. J. W. Fewkes =37=:
      6.

    =Buriel=, a variety of cloth =14=: 543.

    =Burin=, stone implements used as =13=: 164.

    =Burk, John D.=
      on Cherokee invasion of Virginia =19=: 30.
      quoted on Virginia’s Indian policy =18=: 563 _sqq._

    =Burke, _Don_ Santiago=, (same as James Burke), owner of Burton
      Mound =44=: 57.

    =Burke, Edmund=, commissioner to treat with Cherokee =5=: 298, 305.

    =Burke, James= (same as Don Santiago Burke _q. v._)

    =Burke County, N. C.=, mounds in =5=: 73.

    =Burkitt, M. E.= =46=: 332, 333, 351.

    =Burma=, tattooing in =10=: 413.

    =Burnet, ----=, commissioner to Cherokee =19=: 145.

    =Burning=
      captives, probably practiced by mound builders =12=: 676.
      influence pottery, materials and methods used in =4=: 495, 496.
      of Indian captives condemned by Spaniards =14=: 393.
      of Indians at stake by Spaniards =14=: 497.
      pottery =4=: 434 _sq._

    =Burning Brush= =33=: 102.

    =Burning Spring, W. Va.=, pictographs at =4=: 22.

    =Burns, _Hon._ Joseph W.=, Indian mound reported by =44=: 14.

    =Burns, Robert=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Burns=, treatment for =30=: 42, 51.

    =Burnside, _Mrs._ S. A.=, collection presented by =41=: 116.

    =Burnside, Ky.=, trail from, to Lexington =42=: 844.

    =Burnt Point= =35=: 1139.

    =Burnt Tobacco=, contact with Nûñnĕ´hi by =19=: 332.

    =Bur-oak= =33=: 75.

    =Burr, David H.=, on influence of wild rice on geographic
      nomenclature =19=: 1121, 1122.

    =Burrell, H. H.=, Casa Grande photographed by =15=: 343.

    =Burro Creek, Ariz.=, reference to =28=: 209.

    =Burro Spring=, ruins near, reference to =22, i=: 55.

    =Burros=, Seri method of hunting =17=: 204* _sq._

    =Burrow=, among the Pima =26=: 86.

    =Burrowing Owl People=, settlement in Tusayan of the =8=: 26.

    =Burs=, in Cherokee lore =19=: 426.

    =Bursa bursa-pastoris=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 288, 344.

    =Burt County, Ky.=, reference to =27=: 100.

    =Burton, Lewis T.=
      mound named for =44=: 32.
      owner of Burton Mound =41=: 108; =42=: 8; =44=: 60.

    =Burton, Robert=
      cited on exorcism =9=: 584.
      cited on magic cords and girdles =9=: 568, 569, 575.

    =Burton, _Capt._ R. F.=, on Arapaho language =1=: 314.

    =Burton Mound=
      brief history of site of =44=: 31 _sq._
      contour map of =44=: 68, 69.
      description of =44=: 64 _sqq._, 68 _sqq._
      excavation of =41=: 85 _sq._, 107 _sqq._; =44=: 66-72.
      first pictured by Alfred Robinson =44=: 55.
      genesis of title of =44=: 56 _sq._
      grading of =44=: 70.
      location of =44=: 35.
      purchased by A. F. Hinchman =44=: 59.

    =Burton Mound Village=
      old Indian name for =42=: 8.
      work at, of J. P. Harrington =42=: 8 _sqq._

    =Buruburuli=, red pigment =38=: § 28.

    =Bury, John=, archeologic collection of =15=: 18.

    =Busby, A.=, reference to =40=: 501.

    =Bush, _Maj._ Joseph=, on time charts =4=: 94, 99, 127.

    =Bush=, string figure of =38=: § 690.

    =Bush Child, The Little=, legend of =30=: 326.

    =Bush Cow.= _See_ =Tapir=.

    =Bush Devils=
      nature of =30=: 171.
      _See also_ =Bush Spirits=.

    =Bush Hogs=
      bina for =30=: 282, 284 _sq._
      glands =30=: 368.
      head carried in Parishara dance =38=: § 593.
      hoofs used as bells =38=: § 723.
      hunting of =38=: § 167, 272.
      legends concerning =30=: 187.
      taming of =38=: § 723.
      teeth of, talismans from =30=: 289.
      used as food =30=: 297.

    =Bush-Master Snake=
      antidote against =30=: 232.
      basketry design =38=: § 445.
      origin of =30=: 122, 368.
      transformation of, to pot =30=: 193.

    =Bush Rat=
      legend concerning =30=: 223.
      trap for =38=: § 172.

    =Bush Rope=
      climbing vine used for =38=: § 72.
      ladders =38=: § 787.

    =Bush Shelter=, a temporary =38=: § 298.

    =Bush Spirits=
      amativeness of =30=: 170, 177, 181, 187, 189.
      anger of, at mockery =30=: 170, 194.
      association with =30=: 170, 195 _sqq._
      belief in =30=: 152, 154, 163.
      binas against =30=: 298.
      cannibalism of =30=: 170, 177, 181, 187.
      dead restored by =30=: 170, 178.
      description of =30=: 170-177.
      exorcism of =30=: 149, 163 _sq._, 170, 182, 197.
      explanation of =30=: 366.
      helpfulness of =30=: 170, 178 _sq._
      hunting ability of =30=: 185 _sqq._
      invocation of =30=: 347-351.
      killing of =30=: 188 _sq._
      mimicking of =30=: 194.
      mischief done by =30=: 170, 179-185, 187.
      names of =30=: 170 _sq._, 193 _sq._
      natural history of =30=: 170-198.
      origin of =30=: 170.
      plants associated with =30=: 228-234.
      protection against =30=: 170, 177, 180 _sq._, 196 _sqq._, 298.
      recognition of =30=: 176 _sq._, 185, 190.
      smell of =30=: 177.
      tobacco laid by =30=: 191 _sq._
      tricking of =30=: 191.
      _See also_ =Adda=; =Animals=; =Dai-dai=; =Ekkekuli=; =Hebus=;
        =Hyorokon=; =Ilokiamo=; =Immawari=; =Jurupari=; =Konoko-Kuyuha=;
        =Maboya=; =Makai-Mabáni=; =Mawári=; =Sickness=; =Tukuyuha=;
        =Yawahus=; =Yurokon=; etc.

    =Buschmann, Johann C. E.=
      classification of Seri by =17=: 300*.
      English-Pima vocabulary by =26=: 269.
      linguistic literature of =7=: 18, 19.
      notes on Seri by =17=: 99.
      on Cuyamunque =29=: 333.
      on Isleta =29=: 529.
      on Jacona =29=: 330.
      on Jemez =29=: 403.
      on Kiowa language =7=: 84.
      on Pima language =7=: 99.
      on Pimería =26=: 76.
      on Shoshonean families =7=: 109.
      on Taos =29=: 182.
      Shoshonean and Nahuatlan families regarded as one by =7=: 140.
      signs of Accocessaws =1=: 324.

    =Bushmen=
      inscriptions by =10=: 180-183.
      rock etching by =13=: 164.

    =Bushnell, David I., _jr._=
      acknowledgments to =29=: 12; =42=: 670.
      bulletins by =43=: 16; =44=: 15.
      journal edited by =42=: 761.
      manuscript by =30=: 24.
      manuscript purchased from =41=: 6.
      on moccasin game, Chippewa =24=: 340.
      papers by =40=: 18.
      pottery discovered by =41=: 525 _sq._
      revision of Catalogue of Prehistoric Works east of the Rocky
        Mountains by =33=: 32.
      work of =34=: 22 _sq._; =36=: 27; =37=: 22; =38=: p. 16; =39=: 22
        _sq._; =40=: 15; =41=: 14, 40, 67.

    =Bushnell, D. P.=,
    on relative value to Ojibwa of wild rice and government annuity
      =19=: 1096.

    =Bushotter, George=
      cited on Ghost lodge =11=: 487.
      cited on Indian beliefs =11=: 496.
      cited on Indian customs =11=: 493.
      on hoop and pole, Teton Dakota =24=: 508.
      quoted on buffalo myths =11=: 476.
      quoted on Heyoka women =11=: 471.
      quoted on Indian beliefs =11=: 441, 447, 467.
      quoted on Mandan song =11=: 464.
      quoted on Sun dance =11=: 453.
      quoted on sun worship =11=: 450.
      quoted on worship of Inyan =11=: 448.
      translations by =9=: XXXVII.
      work of =8=: XXIX.

    =Busk= (1)
      a peace ceremonial =42=: 548.
      a religious ceremony =42=: 671.
      at Otciapofa =42=: 581, 583.
      attendance at =42=: 576 _sq._
      benefits derived from =42=: 546.
      ceremony of =42=: 546-614.
      changes in celebration of =42=: 579 _sq._
      custom connected with =42=: 122.
      decline of =42=: 601.
      fast of =42=: 569.
      fines for not attending =42=: 320, 356, 555, 567, 577, 603.
      invitations to =42=: 252, 554.
      Kasi’hta, new fire ceremony of =41=: 513.
      length of =42=: 577.
      meaning of the word =42=: 546.
      new year beginning with =42=: 401.
      object of, the tribal health =42=: 547.
      of the Texas Alabama =42=: 601 _sq._
      offenses cancelled at =42=: 344, 373.
      origin of =42=: 60.
      preparations for =42=: 591.
      psychological effect of =42=: 548.
      religious character of =42=: 548, 549, 568, 569, 570, 593, 600.
      restrictions connected with =42=: 573.
      similarity of, in various towns =42=: 589.
      sin expiated at =42=: 590.
      stories of origin of =42=: 546 _sq._
      unifying element in Creek confederacy =42=: 548.
      _See also_ =Booske Tah=.

    =Busk= (2), for training of priest or doctor =42=: 617-620.

    =Busk, Creek=, among the Chickasaw =44=: 262.

    =Busk Dances=, sun married =42=: 609 _sq._

    =Busk Day=, observance of =42=: 554, 555.

    =Busk Fire=
      connection of, with sun =42=: 484.
      reference to origin of =42=: 262.
      symbolism of sticks of =42=: 548.
      _See also_ =New Fire=.

    =Busk Ground=
      arrangement of =42=: 177.
      in relation to the town =42=: 172.
      _See also_ =Ceremonial Grounds=.

    =Busk Medicines=, origin of =42=: 546 _sq._

    =Busk Names.= _See_ =Titles= (_or_ Busk Names).

    =Bustamente=, authority for Mexican manuscripts =3=: 65.

    =Bustamente y Tagle, Bernardo Antonio de=, on the Sia =29=: 519.

    =Busycon Perversum=, from mounds =12=: 83, 116, 131, 224, 225, 303,
      343, 386, 518, 685, 713.

    =Busycon Shell=, copied as a vessel =4=: 454.

    =Busycon Shell, Columellae of=
      gorgets derived from =2=: 273, 276, 282, 290, 292, 294, 296.
      pendants derived from =2=: 209, 259.
      perforated plates derived from =2=: 265.
      used as beads =2=: 220, 224.
      used as celts =2=: 204.
      used as pendants =2=: 209, 250.
      used as pins =2=: 213.
      used as vessels =2=: 194, 197.
      used as weapons =2=: 211.
      used in the arts =2=: 191.

    =Butchering=
      of mountain goat =35=: 174, 428, 441.
      of porpoise =35=: 446.
      of seal =35=: 451.
      song =39=: 134.

    =Butel-Dumont, G. M.=
      on earthenware drums of Louisiana Indians =20=: 34 _sq._
      on Louisiana Indian embroidery =13=: 28.
      on Louisiana Indian featherwork =13=: 28.
      on Louisiana Indian mortuary mats =13=: 21.
      on Louisiana Indian sieves =13=: 17.
      on Mobilian wattled biers =13=: 14.
      on Natchez dwellings =13=: 14.
      on pottery making in Lower Mississippi Valley =20=: 57, 102.
      on preparation of clays for pottery making =20=: 46.
      on rafts of poles and canes =13=: 15.

    =Butler, _Captain_ ----=, mention of =42=: 813.

    =Butler, _Rev._ D. S.=
      arrest and imprisonment of =19=: 119.
      Cherokee missionary =19=: 105.
      on Jackson’s attitude toward Cherokee =19=: 117.

    =Butler, _Prof._ James D.=
      on Italian signs =1=: 408.
      on wild rice in vicinity of Madison, Wis. =19=: 1036.

    =Butler, John=, Cherokee ball captain =19=: 406.

    =Butler, P. M.=
      Cherokee agent =5=: 297.
      commissioner to examine Cherokee feuds =5=: 301.

    =Butler, S. W.=, myth told by =19=: 450.

    =Butler, Thomas=, commissioner for Cherokee treaty =5=: 174.

    =Butler County, Ohio=
      archeology of =5=: 13.
      collections of pottery from =20=: 184.

    =Butte des Morts=, treaty of =14=: 27, 46; =18=: 716 _sqq._

    =Buttercup=, use of =45=: 473, 505, 512.

    =Butterfield, H.=, on Shoshone cairn burial =1=: 143.

    =Butterfield Stage Line=, establishment of =26=: 32.

    =Butterfly=
      as a symbol =39=: 50.
      basketry design =38=: § 445.
      depicted on Walpi Snake altar =19=: 983.
      design on Pueblo pottery, description of =22, i=: 81, 148.
      disease caused by =26=: 265.
      figures on Sikyatki pottery =17=: 678 _sqq._, 698.
      flowers associated with =30=: 64.
      in Pima song =26=: 300, 310, 316.
      legends of =30=: 130.
      or moth, Pueblo symbol for =22, i=: 105.
      sacred, power of =47=: 871 _sq._
      silver chest ornament =38=: § 537.
      string figure of =38=: § 657.
      symbol on Hopi pottery =17=: 687.

    =Butterfly Bird=, in Pima song =26=: 295.

    =Butterfly Clan.= _See_ =Buli Clan=.

    =Butterfly Dance.= _See_ =Bilitikibi=.

    =Butterfly Designs=
      mention of =41=: 257 _sq._, 273, 342.
      _See also_ =Bird Designs=.

    =Butterfly Maids.= _See_ =Buli manas=.

    =Butterfly Symbols=, appearance of, in Hopi pictures =21=: 90, 92,
      106, 119.

    =Butterfly Weed= =33=: 109.

    =Butternut=, use of =44=: 290, 369.

    =Button, Joel=, inclosure on farm of, in New York =12=: 511.

    =Button=, hand game =24=: 309.

    =Button Snakeroot=
      a war physic =42=: 584.
      medicinal use of =42=: 655 _sq._, 668.
      use of =44=: 265.

    =Button Willow=, medicinal use of =42=: 661.

    =Buttons=
      brass, recovered from mound =44=: 166.
      for belts, Eskimo =18=: 59, 63.
      perforated stone used as =13=: 115.

    =Buttress=, formerly of Halona, existing in Zuñi =8=: 88, 89.

    =Buttress=
      in Casa Blanca =16=: 110, 162.
      in cliff ruins =16=: 119, 125, 129.
      in kivas =16=: 177.

    =Buttress Projections=
      chimney supported by =8=: 172, 173.
      girders supported by =8=: 144.
      support of passageway roofs by =8=: 181.
      Tusayan rooms =8=: 109, 110.
      Zuñi =8=: 111.

    =Buttrick, ----=
      on Cherokee myths =19=: 430, 436 _sq._, 445, 470, 476, 478, 483.
      on Cherokee sacred fire =19=: 502.
      on custom of removing deer’s hamstrings =19=: 447.

    =Butts and Tips= in Navaho house building =17=: 489, 490.

    =Buxton, L. H. D.= =46=: 269.

    =Buzz=
      mention of =24=: 751-757.
      played by the =24=:
        Arapaho 751.
        Crows 756.
        Dakota, Oglala 756.
        Dakota, Teton 757.
        Eskimo, Central 751.
        Eskimo, Ita 752 _sq._
        Eskimo, Western 753 _sqq._
        Gros Ventres 751.
        Hopi 755 _sq._
        Maricopa 757.
        Mono 756.
        Plains tribes 751
        Zuñi 757.

    =Buzzard=
      disease caused by =26=: 263 _sq._
      in Menomini mythology =14=: 165, 202
      in Pima legend =28=: 49, 50, 52.
      myths concerning =19=: 239, 266, 284, 293, 430, 431, 456.
      range of the =2=: 142.
      representation of, Middle Mississipi Valley pottery =20=: 95.

    =Buzzard Clan=
      existence of =42=: 118 _sq._
      native names for =42=: 116.

    =Buzzard Dance=
      description of =42=: 534.
      mention of =42=: 523.

    =Buzzard Decorah’s Village=, location of =37=: 51.

    =Buzzard Disease=, symptoms of =42=: 644.

    =Buzzard Feather=, insignia of doctor =42=: 618.

    =“Buzzard” Men and Women=, work of =42=: 701.

    =Buzzard’s Creek=, Indian remains on =42=: 810.

    =Buzzer Toy= =38=: § 619.

    =Byhan=, _Rev._ =Gottlieb=, Cherokee missionary =19=: 84.

    =Byington=, _Rev._ =Cyrus=
      author of Choctaw Dictionary =30=: 19; =34=: 26.
      linguistic work of =29=: 23.
      list of months recorded by =42=: 402.

    =Byrd, William=
      acknowledgment to =11=: 501.
      quoted on Indian beliefs =11=: 519.

    =Byrsonima Crassifolia=
      for fevers and dysentery =38=: § 927.
      for snake-bite =38=: § 929.

    =Byrsonima Spicata.= _See_ =Hitchia=.


    =C=

    =Ca=, symbol of Landa =16=: 242.

    =Caapim Drink= =38=: § 265.

    =Cab=
      definition of =16=: 255.
      symbol, application of =16=: 205.

    =Caban= symbol discussed =16=: 205, 253, 254.

    =Cabana=, suspended wattle bed of the Island Carib =38=: § 458.

    =“Cabbage” Tops= of certain palms, eaten =38=: § 247.

    =Cabecar=
      number names of =19=: 882.
      numbers of =19=: 931.

    =Cabello=, _Doctor_ ----, acknowledgments to =25=: 83.

    =Cabeza de Vaca, Alvar Nuñez=
      arrival of, in New Spain =14=: 345, 474.
      description of bison by =14=: 543, 548.
      efforts to verify reports of =14=: 354.
      experience of, as trader =42=: 738 _sq._
      extract from narrative of =41=: 609 _sq._
      in Corazones Valley =14=: 484, 585.
      Indian traditions regarding =14=: 589.
      journey of =14=: LVI.
      mention of =42=: 829.
      mention of Atayos by =7=: 46.
      narrative of Narvaez’s expedition by =14=: 349.
      narrative of Narvaez’s expedition by, translated by Ternaux =14=:
        349.
      observations on Seri by =17=: 51.
      on signs of the Timucuas =1=: 324.
      on trade in shells =2=: 194.
      royal treasurer on Narvaez’s expedition =14=: 347.
      tells Alvarado of his discoveries =14=: 352.
      traces of, found by Coronado =14=: 505, 506.
      uses gourds of Indian medicine-men =14=: 360.

    =Cabeza del Aquila=, a Pima chief =26=: 21.

    =Cabezas=, _Don_ =Juan=, specimen presented to National Museum by
      =34=: 229.

    =Cabezon’s Reserve=, establishment of =18=: 886.

    =Cabima.= _See_ =Copaifera=.

    =Cabin Creek=, trail to =42=: 788.

    =Cabins=
      arrangement of, in town square =42=: 311 _sq._
      painting of =42=: 312.
      _See also_ =Beds=.

    =Ca’bitci=, a Chickasaw informant =44=: 191.

    =Cabnix=, definition of =16=: 257.

    =Caborca=, reference to =28=: 218.

    =Caborka=, Tepoka Indian habitations near, traces of =22=, i: XI.

    =Cabot, John= _and_ =Sebastian=, discoveries by =18=: 528.

    =Cabot, Sebastian=
      map of, cited =14=: 403.
      visit of, to America =19=: 191.

    =Cabraken=, a Kiche god =25=: 130.

    =Cabrera, Manuel=
      on Seri in Pueblo Seri =17=: 88.
      on title of Tzental manuscript =16=: 222.

    =Cabrillo Expedition=, place names recorded by =44=: 35.

    =Cabrillo, João=, island of Santa Rosa visited by =2=: 260.

    =Cabrillo, Juan Roderiguez=
      mention of =42=: 8.
      voyage of, along the Californian coast =14=: 411.

    =Cacao=
      cultivation of =38=: § 246.
      symbol in the Maya codices =16=: 234, 238.
      timber for fire sticks =38=: § 1.

    =Cacaori=, fish weir =38=: § 203.

    =Cachama Fish=, knocked over with cudgels =38=: § 198.

    =Cache=
      description of =15=: 78.
      explanation of =15=: 62.
      for wild rice =19=: 1071 _sq._
      found near Baltimore =15=: 76.
      of argillite blades =15=: 90, 140.
      of the Omaha =41=: 518.
      relation of, to quarry =15=: 79.
      _See also_ =Caches=.

    =Cache Frames=
      for storage of property by Point Barrow Eskimo =9=: 75 _sq._
      sleds used for =9=: 82.

    =Cache Pits=
      description of =41=: 503 sq.
      use of =41=: 555.

    =Cachena=, application of the term =15=: 251.

    =Caches=
      description of =27=: 98 _sq._, 275.
      mention of =12=: 32, 540.
      of spades, in Kentucky =13=: 134.
      of turtlebacks, in Vermont =13=: 137.
      use of =45=: 63, 229.
      valuables buried in =34=: 61 _sq._
      _See also_ =Cache=.

    =Cachinas=, references to =29=: 54, 56, 356.

    =Cachoeira do Riberão, Brazil=, petroglyphs on =10=: 150 _sq._

    =Cachunilla=, population of =26=: 21.

    =Cacimar=, a Carib ruler =25=: 40.

    =Cacimbas=, of the Isle of Pines =34=: 256 _sq._

    =Cacique=
      altar of =47=: 41 _sq._
      death and burial of a =25=: 69, 70, 71.
      description of the office of a =25=: 33 _sqq._
      dress of a =25=: 34 _sq._
      functions of =47=: 41.
      impressions concerning =47=: 42.
      installation of =47=: 43.
      marriage customs of =25=: 48.
      member of Antelope clan =47=: 38.
      mention of =38=: § 740.
      officers appointed by =47=: 60.
      ornaments of a =25=: 146.
      part taken by, at initiation =47=: 74.
      succession of =47=: 43.
      visit to, description of =47=: 43.
      _See also_ =Chief=.

    =Cactaceae= =33=: 104.

    =Cacti=
      of Seriland =17=: 33 _sqq._
      Seri harvest of =17=: 206* _sqq._
      _See also_ =Cactus=; =Peyote=; =Prickly Pear=.

    =Cactus=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 106, 112, 113.
      bearers, meeting the =23=: 571.
      bearers, procession of =23=: 572.
      belief concerning =47=: 218.
      dance, preparation for =23=: 573 _sq._
      food value of the =23=: XIII, XXX.
      giant, in Pima legend =28=: 44, 52, 61.
      in Pima song =26=: 294, 325.
      stems of the, as materials for houses =23=: XXIX.
      symbolism of =23=: 570.
      used for food =45=: 484.
      _See also_ =Cacti=.

    =Cactus, Cane=, used as food =30=: 69.

    =Cactus Clan=. _See_ =Ucü=.

    =Cactus Fraternity= (_ᵗko´shi´kwe_)
      medical practice of =30=: 52, 62 _sq._
      of the Zuñi =23=: 569-573.
      squash used by =30=: 46.

    =Cactus Katcina=. _See_ =Yuña=.

    =Cactus Maid=, association of, with Cactus katcina =21=: 113.

    =Cactus Society=
      prayers of =47=: 830-834.
      special function of =47=: 528.

    =Cactus Spines=
      how extracted =30=: 62.
      used for poisoning arrows =14=: 285.

    =Cactus Tongs=, appearance of, in pictures of Yuña mana =21=: 113.

    =Caddo=
      account of the =14=: 1092.
      Battey among =17=: 193.
      clan system of the =14=: 956.
      customs of the _42_: 700, 701, 702, 703, 705, 706, 707.
      delegation of, to Wovoka =14=: 901, 903.
      descent among the =42=: 695.
      dwellings of the =42=: 687, 688.
      feather cloaks worn by the =42=: 682.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 98
        hoop and pole 462 _sq._
      Ghost dance among the _14_: 653, 786, 802, 895, 898, 902, 905,
        926, 927.
      glossary of the =14=: 1102.
      hair dressing of the =42=: 684.
      in peace council of 1872 =17=: 190.
      in Texas, union of, with Cherokee =19=: 143.
      Kiowa hostility to =17=: 165.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 754.
      linguistic relations of =42=: 678.
      mound built by =44=: 405.
      name of Ghost dance =14=: 791.
      name of the Arapaho =14=: 953.
      name of the Cheyenne =14=: 1023.
      name of the Comanche =14=: 1043.
      name of the Kiowa Apache =14=: 1081.
      name of the Sioux =14=: 1057.
      name of the Wichita =14=: 1095.
      Omaha name for =27=: 102.
      position of the =42=: 118.
      reference to =27=: 112.
      reference to property of =42=: 690.
      refusal of, to accept Äpiatan’s report =14=: 914.
      songs of the =14=: 1096.
      study of the =15=: XXXIII, XXXIV, XXXVII, XLI, LXXX.
      synonymy of the =14=: 1092.
      trade of, in Osage orange wood =42=: 692.
      tribal sign of the =14=: 1092.
      wanderings of =19=: 146.
      Wa´waⁿ ceremony among =27=: 74.
      _See also_ =Caddoan=; etc.

    =Caddo Culture Area=, features of =42=: 717.

    =Caddo Jake= at Fort Gibson council in 1888 =17=: 221.

    =Caddoan=. _See_ =Southern Caddoan=.

    =Caddoan= and =Adaizan Languages= compared =7=: 46.

    =Caddoan and Siouan= early contact =15=: 187.

    =Caddoan Family=
      connection of, with Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 102.
      connection of, with Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 81.
      connection of, with Northwestern pottery =20=: 187.
      mention of =7=: 58-62.

    =Caddoan Stock=
      game of hoop and pole =24=: 421.
      tribes composing the =14=: 1092.
      tribes of the =24=:
        Arikara 97, 461, 624, 657, 758.
        Caddo 98, 462 _sq._
        Pawnee 99, 274, 386, 409, 463, 625, 658, 730.
        Wichita 102, 276-281, 386, 470, 625, 658, 730, 731, 804.
      _See also_ =Caddo=; etc.

    =Caddoan Tribes=, history of the =28=: 17.

    =Cadillac=, on the Menomini =19=: 1107.

    =Cadodaquio=, a Caddo synonym =14=: 1092.

    =Cadrillo del Mundo=, a Pima chief =26=: 21.

    =Caduc, P.=, reservation for =18=: 792.

    =Caesalpiniaceae= =33=: 89.

    =Cages=
      for eagles, at Zuñi =8=: 214.
      for fish =38=: § 204 _sq._
      method of manufacturing =38=: § 421.
      of wattle work =13=: 13.

    =Cagh-ben=, meaning of =16=: 245.

    =Cahiaguas= (=Cahiguas=; =Caiawas=),
      Kiowa synonyms =17=: 148.

    =Cahinnio=, custom of =42=: 703.

    =Cahita=
      methods of counting =19=: 879.
      numbers above ten =19=: 908.
      number names of _19_: 867, 922, 928.

    =Cahogh= day symbol discussed =16=: 259.

    =Cahokia=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 664, 692, 742.

    =Cahokia Mound=
      efforts to preserve =41=: 26.
      examination of =13=: XXIX.

    =Cahokia Mound Group=, airplane pictures of =41=: 67.

    =Cahuillo=
      formation of number names in =19=: 879.
      number names of =19=: 868, 876.
      numbers of =19=: 929.

    =Cahwia=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.
      _See also_ =Kahwea=; =Mission Indians=; =Tule River Reserve=.

    =Caiastacana=
      appearance of, in Pamürti =21=: 27.
      derivation of =21=: 125.
      description of picture of =21=: 60.
      difference in designs of, and those of Hututu =21=: 61.

    =Caicara, Venezuela,= sculptured rock near =10=: 148.

    =Caigua=, a Kiowa synonym =17=: 148, 156.

    =Calhuas= (=Caiwas=) a Kiowa synonym =17=: 148.

    =Cailloux=, a Cayuse synonym =14=: 1092.

    =Cairn Burial=
      of the Acaxers and Yaquis =1=: 143.
      of the Balearic Islanders =1=: 143.
      of the Blackfeet =1=: 143.
      of the Eskimo =1=: 143.
      of the Kiowas and Comanches =1=: 142, 148.
      of the Pi Utes =1=: 143.
      of the Shoshones =1=: 143.
      reasons for =1=: 143.

    =Cairns=
      in the Cherokee country =19=: 20 _sq._, 491.
      mention of =12=: 31; =38=: § 779.

    =Cajon=, buildings of =23=: XXX.

    =Cajuenche=
      language of the =26=: 20.
      reference to the =28=: 209.

    =Cakchikel= _or_ =Cakchiquel=
      language, manuscript in =28=: 12.
      method of forming numbers above ten =19=: 899 _sqq._
      number names of =19=: 862, 863.

    =Cakchiquel Calendar=
      discussion of =23, i=: 275-282.
      names of days of, table showing =22, i=: 278.
      year of, number of days in =22, i=: 279-282.

    =Cakes=
      cassava, of Guiana Indians =38=: § 236.
      sacred =9=: 518, 541, 347.

    =Cakwa Cipikne=. _See_ =Cipikne=.

    =Cakwabaiyaki=, site of old Pima pueblo. =19=: 601.

    =Cakwabaiyaki Ruin=. _See_ =Chevlon=.

    =Cakwahonaû=, description of =21=: 95.

    =Cakwaleñya=, religious society at Walpi, source of =19=: 623.

    =Cakwaleñya Altar=
      at Mishongnovi, description of =19=: 991 _sq._
      same as Blue Flute Altar =19=: 989.

    =Cakwaleñya Society=, personnel of =19=: 996.

    =Calabash=
      cups, vessels of =38=: § 384.
      flageolet of =38=: § 565.
      fruit for bait =38=: § 192.
      organ =38=: § 571.
      valuables hidden in =34=: 62.
      _See also_ =Gourds=.

    =Caladium=
      binas made from =30=: 281 _sq._, 285.
      spirits associated with =30=: 117, 228, 232.
      talismans from =30=: 288.

    =Caladium Arborescens=
      bait for fish =38=: § 188, 192.
      bait for manati =38=: § 169.
      employed in eye diseases =38=: § 927.
      employed in sting-ray wounds =38=: § 929.

    =Calako= (=Ca’lako=)
      account of =47=: 969-975.
      ceremonies, description of =47=: 702-705.
      ceremonies, prayers and chants of =47=: 706-781.
      identity of, with Macibol =21=: 87.
      in Hopi mythology =17=: 700.
      katcina, origin of =17=: 666.
      masks of =21=: 28.
      masks of, ceremony belonging to =47=: 970-973.
      masks of, identity of, with those of the Sun =21=: 28.
      masks of, similarity of ancient masks to =21=: 28, 109, 110.
      masks of, use of, in Pamürti festival =21=: 65.
      personation of, in Palülükoñti festival =21=: 49, 50.
      sun gods presented by =21=: 110.

    =Calako Horns=, connection of, with those of the bison =21=: 110.

    =Calako Taka=, masks of, reference to =19=: 612.

    =Calaloo=
      berries used as bait =38=: § 192.
      leaves of, eaten by natives =38=: § 234.

    =Calamus=
      mention of =33=: 69.
      use of =44=: 286, 320.
      _See also_ =Acorus calamus=.

    =Calanapo=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =Calandra Palmarum=, grub of the beetle eaten =38=: § 224.

    =Calapooia=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 796 _sqq._, 800,
      814.

    =Calapooia Creek=, treaty of =18=: 796, 798.

    =Calapooya=
      hand game of the =24=: 283 _sq._
      population of the =7=: 82.

    =Calathea=, use of, in manufacture of cassava squeezer =38=: § 345.

    =Calaveras Cave=, mention of 1: 128, 129.

    =Calchaqui= _of_ =Argentina=, idol of =25=: 141.

    =Caldron.= _See_ =Pots=.

    =Caldwell County, N. C.=
      mingling of wares in mounds of =20=: 137, 147.
      mounds in =5=: 61-71.
      pottery from =20=: 144.
      pottery from, resembling that of Yadkin Valley =20=: 149.

    =Calebee Creek=, battle of =19=: 93.

    =Calemba=, name for loin cloth =38=: § 548, 550.

    =Calendar=
      ceremonial relating to, description of =23=: 124 _sqq._
      determination of =29=: 47.
      Maori, day deities in =16=: 265.
      Maya =3=: 10, 14; =16=: XCV, XCVI.
      mention of =4=: 127.
      Mexican =3=: 32 _sqq._
      Mexican and Mayan, publication of papers on =23=: XXXVIII.
      of Snake ceremonies =16=: 275.
      of the Creeks =42=: 400-403.
      of the Dakota Nation =4=: 89.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 202.
      of the Hopi, ceremonial =21=: 18-24.
      of the Kiowa, pictography of =14=: 906, 907, 909.
      of the Pima =26=: 35-38.
      of the Tlingit =26=: 425 _sqq._
      of the Winnebago =37=: 124 _sq._
      of the Zuñi, description of =23=: 108.
      round in Mayan chronology, definition of =22, i=: 206.
      terms used in =27=: 111.
      wheel, from book of Chilam Balam =3=: 53, 60.
      wheel, from book of Duran =3=: 45.
      _See also_ =Calendars=; =Ceremonial Calendar=.

    =Calendar History=
      of the Kiowa Indians =17=: LXIII _sqq._, LXVII-LXX, 129.
      of the Pima Indians =26=: 38-66.

    =Calendar Rounds=
      Mayan =19=: 693-819.
      Mayan, working tables of =19=: 818.
      object of study of =19=: 700 _sq._
      systems of, of different Central American tribes shown to be
        identical =19=: 806-812.

    =“Calendar Round” Symbol=, discovery concerning, by Goodman =19=:
      712.

    =Calendar Sticks= of the Pima =26=: 35 _sqq._, 104 _sq._

    =Calendar System=
      characterization of paper on Mayan, by Cyrus Thomas =22, i=:
        XLIII.
      examination of =15=: XIII.
      Mayan =15=: XX.
      Mayan, memoirs on =19=: XLI _sq._; =22, i=: 197-305.
      Mayan, study of =15=: XLVII.
      tabular view of =6=: 270-274.

    =Calendar Tables= of Mayan chronological systems =22, i=: 304 _sq._

    =Calendars=
      aboriginal American =17=: 141.
      aboriginal, historical value of =17=: 146.
      Kiowa, publication of paper on =19=: XXVI, XXIX.
      Kiowa, study of =17=: XLIX-LI.
      pictographic symbols of the Sioux =2=: 279.
      probable use of shell disks as =2=: 268, 273, 278.
      used by ancient Mexicans =2=: 279.
      used by modern tribes =2=: 279.
      _See also_ =Calendar=.

    =Calendric Inscriptions= =15=: 169.

    =Calendric Terms= in Mayan chronology, definition of =22, i=: 204,
      234.

    =Calentura=, fever =38=: § 918.

    =Calf= (_of the leg_), in western Eskimo =46=: 246, 247, 250.

    =Calhoun=, ----
      on Seneca town =19=: 485.
      reply to Cherokee memorial by =19=: 115.
      reply to Georgia’s protest by =19=: 116.

    =Calhoun, James S.=
      on Isleta =29=: 529.
      on Jemez =29=: 402.
      on Picurís =29=: 193.
      on Poguate =29=: 539.
      on Pojoaque =29=: 334.
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 305.
      on Sandia =29=: 527.
      on Santo Domingo =29=: 449.
      on Sia =29=: 518.

    =Calhoun, John C.=
      mention of letters to =42=: 308, 315, 329.
      on Cherokee civilization =5=: 373, 374.
      report by, cited on attack of soldiers and Dakotas on Arikaras
        =4=: 111, 112.
      treats with Cherokee =5=: 219.

    =Calibites=, a South American tribe =25=: 219.

    =Caliche=
      definition of =26=: 87.
      description of =28=: 82.

    =Calico=
      Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 32.
      Eskimo tobacco implements made of =18=: 285.
      piece of, buried deep =46=: 65.

    =California=
      aboriginal game laws in =7=: 42.
      American occupation of =26=: 30 _sq._
      archeological section of =12=: 523.
      arrow chipping in =13=: 138, 140, 142.
      arrowpoints from =13=: 143.
      claim symbols =4=: 159.
      collections from =20=: XXIV.
      column in Civil War =26=: 48, 50, 90.
      emigration to =26=: 18 _sq._, 31 _sq._
      exploration of Gulf of _14_: 369, 514.
      explorations in =11=: XXIX; =27=: 11.
      field work in =20=: IX, X; =21=; IX; =22, i=: XXXIX; =23=: XXXV.
      Ferre’s exploration of the west coast of =14=: 412.
      gesture signs in petroglyphs of =10=: 637 _sqq._
      grass weavers in =4=: 78.
      linguistic diversity among Indians of =20=: XVII _sqq._
      linguistic material collected in =23=: XXXV.
      linguistic work in =10=: XIV _sq._, XVI _sq._
      linguistics of =26=: XXVI.
      military post in =17=: 382.
      milling apparatus used by natives of =20=: XV.
      mnemonic device in =4=: 80, 81.
      natives of peninsula of =14=: 514.
      office work on material from =20=: IX, XIV, XVI _sq._
      peninsula of, mistaken for an island =14=: 404, 486.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 52-72.
      petrographs in =4=: 30-33.
      pictographic land marks in =4=: 61.
      pictographs in =4=: 34, 59, 156 _sq._, 182, 195, 198, 229, 234,
        245.
      pottery from =4=: 447.
      researches in =30=: 11, 15.
      steatite burial urn from =1=: 138.
      steatite quarries in =15=: 107.
      stone objects from, purchase of =22, i=: XXXIX.
      study of Indian tribes of =14=: XXXVIII; =15=: LXXIII.
      tattooing of tribes of =4=: 64.
      tribes of =26=: 144, 164.
      war challenge of tribes of =4=: 88.
      _See also_ =California Indians=; etc.

    =California Indians=
      bulletin on =42=: 16.
      coloring matter used by =10=: 221.
      _Datura_ used by =30=: 47.
      emblems of royalty of =10=: 633.
      =Euphorbia= used by =30=: 51.
      face painting by =10=: 619.
      Handbook of, by A. L. Kroeber, mention of =38=: p. 17.
      medicine stones used by =13=: 111.
      method of keeping accounts of =10=: 262 _sq._
      mode of challenge of =10=: 362.
      mode of collecting debts =10=: 374.
      pictographs by, on feather blankets =10=: 207.
      population of =29=: 13.
      preparation of manuscript on =36=: 27 _sq._
      stone chipping by =13=: 141, 173.
      stone mortar making by =13=: 96.
      tattooing of =10=: 406.
      Tewa name for =29=: 573.
      use of bolas by =13=: 95.
      use of perforated stones by =13=: 98.
      use of smoking tubes by =13=: 127.

    =California Paiute=, numbers of =19=: 923-929.

    =California Tribes=
      hand game of the =24=: 267.
      influence of, in basketry =41=: 375 _sq._, 384.
      reference to =28=: 102.
      research work among =25=: X, XVII.
      social system of, based on language =21=: XXII.

    =Calispel=
      a synonym of Pend d’Oreilles =14=: 731.
      population of =7=: 105.

    =Calking=, materials used for, in British Columbia =41=: 147.

    =Calkins, Hiram=, on Ojibwa jugglery =14=: 146.

    =Call to Arms= =38=: § 758, 759.

    _Calli_
      day symbol discussed =16=: 221.
      signification of =16=: 221.

    =Callicarpa Americana=, medicinal use of =42=: 663.

    =Callirrhoe Involucrata= =33=: 103.

    =Calloway=, _Capt._ =William P.=, expedition of =26=: 48.

    =Calls=
      for birds =38=: § 180.
      for decoying seals =9=: 253 _sq._

    =Calochortus macrocarpus= =45=: 481, 483.

    =Caltha Palustris=
      medicinal constituents of _44_: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 288, 340, 348, 354, 360.

    =Caltha Rotundifolia= =45=: 467.

    =Caluça Province=, localization of =42=: 39.

    =Caluça Tribe=, confused with Caluça province =42=: 39.

    =Calumet=
      carried in war parties =42=: 435.
      ceremonial smoking of =42=: 535 _sq._, 537.
      ceremonial use of, among Algonkian tribes =7=: 153.
      ceremonial use of, by tribes of Upper Missouri =46=: 446 _sq._
      deposited in sanctuary =42=: 184.
      precedence in smoking =42=: 537, 542.
      _See also_ =Pipe=.

    =Calumet Dance.=
      a peace ceremonial =42=: 703.
      mention of =3=: 376-382.

    =Calumet Pipe=
      mention of =3=: 277 _sqq._; =4=: 104.
      reference to =27=: 207.

    =Calusa=
      a lost language =42=: 678.
      customs of =42=: 702.
      origin, sand burial mounds of =48=: 4.

    =Calvatia Craniformis=, use of =44=: 288, 356.

    =Calvatia Cyathaformis= =33=: 62.

    =Calvert, Cecil.= _See_ =Baltimore=, _Lord_.

    =Calvert, Leonard=, purchase of land by =18=: 569.

    =Calverton Manor=, establishment of =18=: 573.

    =Calypso=, use of =45=: 506.

    =Camas= =35=: 893.

    =Camas Prairie=, a famous digging ground =45=: 341.

    =Camas Roots=
      grounds for digging =45=: 341.
      preparation of, for food =45=: 92 _sq._
      use of =45=: 481.

    =Camassia Esculenta=, used medicinally =42=: 667.

    =Cama-Zo’tz= in Central American mythology =16=: 225.

    =Cambiaso=, _Señor_ ----, on certain _zemi_ =25=: 38.

    =Cambium Layer of Trees=, used as food =45=: 91, 483.

    =Camel Back Mountain= in Pima mythology =26=: 381.

    =Camelelpoma=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 816.
      _See also_ =Pomo=.

    =Cameron=, ----
      attempt to seize =19=: 48.
      encounter between Williamson’s force and =19=: 50.
      interception of letter to =19=: 47.
      raid led by =19=: 48.

    =Cameron, J.= =46=: 236, 237, 313.

    =Cameron, V. Lovett=, cited on African customs =9=: 494, 514, 515.

    =Camey= day symbol discussed =16=: 231.

    =Camino Real, The=
      history of Texas section =42=: 831 _sqq._
      mention of =42=: 828-833.
      route of =42=: 823, 830 =sq.=
      various names of =42=: 830.

    =Camo=, a dance of the Otomac =38=: § 594.

    =Camp=
      Indian life in =46=: 508 _sqq._
      organization of the =46=: 440, 446.
      signals for =1=: 532, 539.
      _See also_ =Camps=; _etc._

    =Camp Apache=, establishment of reserve at =18=: 854.

    =Camp Circle=
      of the Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 155.
      of the Kiowa =17=: 228.

    =Camp Fire Girls=
      publications sent to =47=: 12.
      requests for information from the =34=: 28.

    =Camp Followers= =38=: § 761.

    =Camp Grant=
      discontinuance of reserve at =18=: 860.
      establishment of reserve at =18=: 854.

    =Camp Henry Military Reserve=, addition to Malheur Reserve =18=:
      902.

    =Camp Holmes=
      location of =17=: 171.
      treaty at, in 1835 =17=: 169.

    =Camp Hualapai=, references to =28=: 186, 206, 211.

    =Camp Moultrie=
      cession of reserves made by treaty of =18=: 748.
      treaty of =18=: 704.

    =Camp Sites=, occurrence of pottery on =20=: 23.

    =Camp Stevens=, treaties of =18=: 802 =sqq.=

    =Camp Supply=, establishment of =17=: 187.

    =Camp Tippecanoe=, treaty of =18=: 738.

    =Camp Verde=
      discontinuance of reserve at =18=: 880.
      established and abandoned =13=: 185.
      establishment of reserve at =18=: 854.
      ruins in the vicinity of =17=: 534.

    =Camp Wright Military Reserve=, addition to Round Valley Reserve of
      =18=: 886.

    =Campanula Rotundifolia=, use of =44=: 288, 362.

    =Campanulaceae= =33=: 129.

    =Campbell=, _Col._ =Arthur=
      defeat of Ferguson by =19=: 57.
      expedition under, in 1780-1781 =19=: 57 _sq._
      on British agents and Tories at Chickamauga =19=: 55.
      on Chickamauga band =19=: 54.
      On Nancy Ward =19=: 204.
      On Sevier’s expedition of 1781 =19=: 59.

    =Campbell, Charles=, quoted on Virginia’s Indian policy =18=: 567.

    =Campbell, David=, surveyor of Cherokee boundary line =5=: 165.

    =Campbell, Donald=, at Detroit in 1761 =14=: 17.

    =Campbell, Duncan G.=
      commissioner to extinguish Indian title in Georgia =5=: 233.
      extracts from letters of =42=: 308 _sq._, 315, 329.

    =Campbell, Frank=, account of Täviboby =14=: 702.

    =Campbell, George=, cliff-houses discovered by =17=: 533.

    =Campbell, J.=, translation of Davenport tablets by =12=: 635.

    =Campbell, John,= on burial songs =1=: 195.

    =Campbell, John P.=, on wild rice in Georgia =19=: 1029.

    =Campbell, William=, line between Virginia and Cherokee lands
      surveyed by =5=: 156.

    =Campbell’s Creek, W. Va.=, pictograph on =4=: 22.

    =Camping=
      mode of, among the Dakota =15=: 215.
      of the prairie tribes =14=: 1073.

    =Camping Circle=
      of the Arapaho =14=: 956.
      of the Cheyenne =14=: 1026.
      of the Kansa =15=: 230.
      of the Kiowa =14=: 1080.
      of the Oglala =15=: 221.
      of the Omaha =15=: 226.
      of the Osage =15=: 233.
      of the Ponka =15=: 228.
      of the Sioux =14=: 1058.
      of the Sisseton =15=: 217.
      of the Sisseton and Wahpeton =15=: 216.
      of the Sitcaⁿxu =15=: 219.

    =Camping Day=, observance of =42=: 554.

    =Campion=, in Cherokee lore =19=: 426.

    =Campo, Andreas do=
      Portuguese companion of Padilla =14=: 400.
      remains in Quivira =14=: 529, 535.
      return of, to New Spain =14=: 401, 544.

    =Camps=
      about busk ground =42=: 190.
      ceremonial arrangement of =36=: 69.
      native, Yukon =46=: 40, 46, 53, 130.
      of the Eskimo =18=: 260-263.
      permanent and temporary =31=: 408.
      summer, in Alaska =46=: 182.
      _See also_ =Camp=; etc.

    =Camudi=
      babracote and, legend of =30=: 261.
      beliefs concerning =30=: 370.
      burning of, to cause rain =30=: 267.
      Caribs descended from =30=: 143 _sq._
      identification of =30=: 241 _sq._
      legends concerning =30=: 239, 243, 250.
      star named for =30=: 261 _sq._
      stench of =30=: 370.

    =Camudu=, _boa constrictor_, in basketry pattern =38=: § 444.

    =Camuirro=, an edible plant =38=: § 247.

    =Can day= symbol discussed =16=: 229.

    =Caña Brava.= _See_ =Arrow Poison=.

    =Canada=
      explorations in =11=: XLI.
      field work in =22, i=: IX, XIII.
      Iroquoian ware of =20=: 21, 169 _sqq._
      linguistic work in =10=: XVII.
      Orilla, fish found near =12=: 549.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 37-45.
      researches in =11=: XXX.
      resemblance of Northwestern pottery to that of =20=: 194.
      wild rice in =19=: 1037.

    =Cañada de las Uvas=, expedition to =43=: 9.

    =Canada Mint=, use of =45=: 502.

    =Canada National Museum= =46=: 255.

    =Canadian Arctic Expedition= =46=: 236.

    =Canadian Indians=, quill pictographs of =10=: 207.

    =Canadian Institute=
      acknowledgments to =20=: 16.
      collection of Iroquoian pottery by =20=: 170.

    =Canadian River=
      crossed by Coronado =14=: 397, 504.
      journey of Alvarado along =14=: 391, 576.
      Upper towns on =42=: 333.

    =Canaigre=
      mention of =33=: 77.
      uses of =26=: 77, 80.

    =Canal Systems, Prehistoric,= survey of =47=: 10.

    =Canals=
      for irrigation, used by Pueblo Indians, remains of =22, i=: 178.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 215.
      mention of =12=: 32, 593.
      _See also_ =Irrigation=.

    =Canandaigua.= _See_ =Konondaigua=.

    =Canary Islands=
      petroglyphs in =10=: 183 _sqq._
    pictographs of, compared with those of California =10=: 58, 59.

    =Canasagua=, De Soto’s visit to =19=: 26, 197.

    =Canawagas=, reservation of land at =18=: 658.

    =Canby=, _General_ ----, death of =17=: 196.

    =Cancer Root=, used in ceremonies =30=: 61.

    =Cancy=, a Kiowa synonym =17=: 245.

    =Candelabrum Tree 38=: § 287.

    =Candelaria=
      clan symbol of =17=: 165*.
      face painting by =17=: 166*.
      portrait of =17=: 164*.

    =Candelario, J. S.=, reference to =29=: 283.

    =Candle-Fly=, story of =30=: 277.

    =Candles= used in Shaker ceremony =14=: 755, 761, 762.

    =Candy, John=, printer of the Cherokee “Phoenix” =19=: 111.

    =Cane=
      Indian use of =19=: 490.
      tubes used for carrying water =4=: 482.
      use of =42=: 688, 689, 690, 692.
      _See also_ =Carrizal=; =Canes=.

    =Cane-blowing People=
      a Blue Corn division =47=: 712.
      officials of =47=: 272.

    =Cane Cactus=, use of =30=: 69, 95.

    =Cane Cigarettes.= _See_ =Cigarettes=.

    =Cane Clan=
      affiliations of the =42=: 122.
      native names for =42=: 116.

    =Cane Game=
      of Pima legend =28=: 52.
      of the Hopi =24=: 164 _sq._

    =Cane Matting=
      specimens of =41=: 571.
      _See also_ =Matting=, _Cane_.

    =Cane Sticks=, for cord making _38_: § 53, 54.

    =Canel= day symbol discussed =16=: 235.

    =Canes=
      as fetishes =47=: 279.
      as symbols of office =47=: 60, 251 _sq._
      gaming, from Chevlon, cuts showing =22=, i: 101.
      possible use of sections of, as pipes =20=: 172.
      use of, in house building =20=: 37.
      used for fish spears =13=: 142.
      used for matting =13=: 18.
      Zuñi dice game =24=: 210.
      _See also_ =Cane=.

    =Canes Sepulchrales= =1=: 104.

    =Cañete=, trephined crania from =16=: 13, 14.

    =Caney Fork=, fortified town on =42=: 836.

    =Caneys=, prehistoric Cuban mounds 25: 82.

    =Canfield, W. H.=
      intaglio mounds discovered by =37=: 90.
      plat by, of Man Mound =37=: 102.

    =Cangleska Luta=, material made by =24=: 434.

    _Canine Fossae_, Eskimo =46=: 264.

    =Canis Azare=, indigenous dog of British Guiana =38=: § 717.

    =Canker Lettuce=, medicinal use of =43=: 264.

    =Cankuké Dî=
      Tlingit clan, history of =26=: 410.
      Tinglit clan, phratry and tribe of =26=: 398, 399.

    =Cannibal=
      attendants of =35=: 856, 861.
      ceremonial of =35=: 1167.
      dances of =35=: 1240.
      excitement of =35=: 1070.
      head mask =35=: 1174.
      mask of =35=: 1148.
      origin of =31=: 353 _sq._
      pacification of =35=: 1071, 1073.
      Rivers Inlet, ceremony of =35=: 1176.
      story of =31=: 350-353.
      woman becomes, by tasting her own blood =32=: 464.
      _See also_ =Cannibalism=; etc.

    =Cannibal and Shaman=, a ceremonial =35=: 739.

    =Cannibal-at-North-End-of-World= =35=: 856.

    =Cannibal Ceremonial= =35=: 741, 742.

    =Cannibal Cry 35=: 739, 740.

    =Cannibal Cult, of the Plains Ojibwa= =43=: 193.

    =Cannibal Dance=
      introduction of, among the Nāk!wax˙-daᵋxᵘ =35=: 1011.
      mention of =35=: 848, 850, 856, 860, 895, 909, 917, 929, 935,
        1000, 1001, 1004, 1005, 1017, 1018, 1035, 1374.
      put away permanently =35=: 862.

    =Cannibal Dancer=
      and companions =35=: 1237.
      attendants of =35=: 848.
      eats feast =35=: 855.
      mention of =35=: 275, 753, 959, 982, 1007, 1081, 1084.
      pacification of =35=: 937.
      performance of =35=: 1008, 1010.
      purification of =35=: 1009.
      slave killed for =35=: 1017.

    =Cannibal Masks= =35=: 1000.

    =Cannibal Pole= =35=: 856.

    =Cannibal Spirit=
      house of =35=: 1224, 1233.
      killing of =35=: 1230-1233.
      mention of =35=: 1209.

    =Cannibal Tamer= =35=: 1081, 1084.

    =Cannibal Whistle= =35=: 1070.

    =Cannibalism=
      among the Carib Indians =30=: 273.
      envoys eaten, Winnebago =37=: 54.
      evidence of, in Alabama =44=: 442, 444, 445.
      in Menomini myth =14=: 168, 194, 229.
      in time of famine, Assiniboin =46=: 523, 584.
      indications of, among Winnebago =37=: 218, 219.
      myths concerning =19=: 247, 349 _sq._, 483, 501.
      object of =30=: 149-158.
      of the American Indians =3=: 272.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 187.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 768-773.
      of the Porto Rican natives =25=: 50, 72.
      of the Seri =17=: 56, 117, 119.
      of the Tonkawa _17_: 199.
      practice of, by Southeastern tribes =42=: 705, 712 _sq._
      spirits guilty of =30=: 177-181.
      _See also_ =Cannibal=; etc.; =Devouring= the =Dead=.

    =Canoe=
      as a marriage gift =35=: 777.
      birch-bark, collection of =15=: XXVI.
      birch-bark, used in wild rice harvest =19=: 1056-1070.
      bottom boards of =35=: 96.
      care of =35=: 94-97.
      controlled by song =32=: 146.
      creation of =32=: 568.
      diminutive, swallowing of =32=: 569.
      dug out, collection of =15=: XXXI.
      for cassava =38=: § 344.
      having magic power =32=: 247, 407.
      landing of =35=: 193.
      loading of =35=: 192.
      magically enlarging, for use =32=: 362.
      making of 13: 72; =32=: 163.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 792-797.
      princess placed in the middle of 31: 407.
      propelled by wild geese =32=: 706, 712, 713.
      protected against spirits =35=: 615.
      runway for =35=: 96, 97.
      sailing through the air =32=: 225, 391.
      use of, in picking berries =35=: 206, 210, 211, 215, 216, 218,
        219.
      used as feast dish =35=: 769, 772.
      used for hunting trips =31=: 407.
      white flint, power to restore life =32=: 304.
      _See also_ =Canoes=; etc.

    =Canoe Birch= =33=: 75.

    =Canoe Builder=
      customs of =35=: 615.
      making a successful =35=: 697.

    =Canoe Burial=
      in ground =1=: 112.
      of Santa Barbara =1=: 112.
      of Clallam =1=: 173, 174.
      of Twana =1=: 171, 173.
      of the Mosquito Indians =1=: 112, 113.

    =Canoe Fight=, description of =42=: 440 _sq._

    =Canoe Indians=, an Assiniboin band =46=: 430.

    =Canoe-shaped Vessels= =44=: 86 _sq._

    =Canoes=
      as tribute to chief =35=: 1338.
      birch-bark =23=: XXXI.
      birch-bark, on the Yukon =46=: 55, 83.
      birch-bark, study of Indian use of =22, i=: XXII _sq._
      burials in =14=: 239.
      construction of =42=: 689.
      description of =45=: 248, 349 _sq._
      four, in marriage ceremonial =35=: 1004.
      method of construction of =34=: 105; =45=: 108.
      mystic origin of =14=: 126.
      of the Antilleans =25=: 207 _sqq._, 217.
      of the Cherokee =19=: 496.
      of the Eskimo =18=: 218-222.
      of the Menomini =14=: 292.
      of the Nenenot =11=: 304.
      of the Winnebago =37=: 123.
      reference to =27=: 72, 81.
      self-paddling =35=: 1221, 1222.
      superterrene and aerial burial in =1=: 171.
      use of =46=: 579.
      value of, in trade =41=: 158.
      varieties of =42=: 744.
      war, preparation of =35=: 1369.
      wooing =35=: 1029, 1051, 1065.
      _See also_ =Boats=; =Canoe=; etc.

    =Canoes and Houses=, burial in =1=: 177, 179.

    =Canonicus=
      character of =18=: 621.
      sale of land by =18=: 619-622.

    =Canos=. _See_ =Cofitachiqui=.

    =Canotidan=, description of =11=: 473.

    =Canstatt=,--, cited =30=: 47.

    =Cantaloupes=
      in Tusayan ceremonies =16=: 280.
      introduction of, into Pueblo country =14=: 550.
      used by Indians as food =14=: 516.

    =Canteens=
      collection of Indian =3=: 528-543.
      from Pueblo ruins, forms of =22=, i: 64.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 86.

    =Cantero=, _Dr._ =Calixto Romero=, on three-pointed stones =25:
      129= _sq._

    =Can’t-hold-it=, Biäñk‘i’s version of =14=: 910.

    =Cantina=, acknowledgment to =30=: 38.

    =Cantwell River= =46=: 125.

    =Canup, W. T.=, acknowledgment to =19=: 13.

    =Canvas=, Eskimo transportation apparatus made from =18=: 206, 217.

    =Canville=, treaty of =18=: 836.

    =Cany Branch of Cumberland River=, compound vase from =20=: 138.

    =Canyon de Chelly=
      accessibility of =16=: 85.
      arm of =23=: 18.
      cliff dwellings in =8=: 217; =13=: 254, 348; =28=: 219.
      circular kivas of =8=: 117, 133.
      collection from =2=: 419.
      doorway described and figured =8=: 190.
      early occupancy of, by the Bear people of Tusayan =8=: 20.
      exploration of =5=: XXV; =15=: LXXI.
      finish of roofs of houses of =8=: 150, 151.
      home of Asa clan =8=: 30; =19=: 610.
      kivas in =13=: 257.
      location of =16=: 84.
      memoir on cliff ruins of =16=: 73-198.
      petroglyphs in =4=: 28, 37, 155; =10=: 96.
      pottery of =4=: 293, 319; =28=: 139.
      proposed study of ruins of =8=: 14.
      specimens from =24=: 328, 717, 751.
      Tusayan tradition concerning villages of =8=: 19.
      use of whitewash in cliff houses of circular kivas of =8=: 74,
        145.
      _See also_ =Chelly Canyon; Cliff Dwellings; Mindeleff, Cosmos=.

    =Canyon del Muerto=
      location of =16=: 85.
      repairs to tower in =42=: 5 _sq._
      ruins in, description of =16=: 81; =23=: 18.

    =Canyon Diablo=, ruins in =28=: 13.

    =Canyon of the Colorado=, visited by the Spaniards =14=: 390, 489.

    =Canyon Segy, Ariz=., petroglyphs in =10=: 50.

    =Caonabo=, a Porto Rican cacique =25=: 32, 39, 80, 81.

    =Cap Boxes= of the Eskimo =18=: 164.

    =Capacity, Intellectual=, of the Indian =46=: 593-602.

    =Capak=, definition of =16=: 262.

    =Cape Breton=
      ethnologic studies in =21=: XI.
      reference to =28=: 290.

    =Cape Darby=
      carving of mythic animal from =18=: 446.
      dance at =18=: 357.
      description of villages near =18=: 252 _sq._
      hospitality of people of =18=: 296.
      implements and utensils from =18=: 65, 80 _sq._, 83, 84, 93, 100,
        101, 107, 111, 124, 141, 142, 149, 150, 157, 159, 170, 172, 190.
      tobacco implements from =18=: 285.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 212, 215.

    =Cape Denbigh=, transportation apparatus from =18=: 225.

    =Cape Espenberg=
      camp at =18=: 260.
      hunting implements from =18=: 127.
      observations of E. W. Nelson at =18=: 299.
      people of =18=: 26.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 221.

    =Cape Flattery=, customs at =3=: 107-111.

    =Cape Fox Indian.= _See_ =Sanya=, _tribe_.

    =Cape Fox Village=, excavations at =43=: 13.

    =Cape Girardeau=, settlement of Delawares and Shawano at =19=: 99.

    =Cape Girardeau Shawnee and Delaware=, treaty with =18=: 740.

    =Cape Girardeau Tract=, cession of =18=: 724.

    =Cape Krusenstern=, transportation apparatus from =18=: 221.

    =Cape Lisburne=
      graveyard at =18=: 322.
      observation of E. W. Nelson at =18=: 299.
      people of =18=: 26.
      summer camp at =18=: 262.

    =Cape Masurado=, African knife from =4=: 243.

    =Cape Nome=
      ceremonial objects from =18=: 416.
      description of village at =18=: 253 _sq._
      game observed at =18=: 334.
      graves and grave boxes at =18=: 320.
      hospitality of people of =18=: 295.
      implements and utensils from =18=: 66 _sq._, 75, 82 _sqq._, 89,
        92 _sqq._, 106, 111, 127, 131, 140, 142, 145, 147 _sqq._, 151,
        162 _sqq._, 173, 176-179, 180, 190-194.
      ornaments from =18=: 59, 60 _sq._
      people of =18=: 26.
      tobacco implements from =18=: 275, 282, 283.
      toys from =18=: 334.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 210, 215, 218, 227, 228.

    =Cape Nome Crania=
      basiofacial diameters =46=: 279-282.
      dental arch =46=: 276.
      facial =46=: 266.
      facial angles =46=: 285.
      means =46=: 286.
      mention of =46=: 257, 262, 263.
      nose =46=: 268, 270.
      orbits =46=: 274.

    =Cape Nome Sites= =46=: 90.

    =Cape Prince of Wales=
      character of people of =18=: 301 _sq._
      clothing from =18=: 35 _sq._
      description of villages at =18=: 257.
      implements from =18=: 77 _sq._, 80, 92, 101, 107, 108, 113, 115,
        130, 132, 144, 149, 159, 173, 177, 188.
      ornaments from =18=: 61.
      people of =18=: 26.
      tobacco implements from =18=: 282, 284.
      toys from =18=: 341.
      trading voyages by people of =18=: 230, 231.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 226.
      visit of E. W. Nelson to =18=: 20, 302.

    =Cape Romanzof=
      ceremonial objects from =18=: 397 _sqq._, 405 _sq._
      description of villages near =18=: 249.
      people of =18=: 26, 27.
      visit of E. W. Nelson to =18=: 19.

    =Cape Thompson=, summer camp at =18=: 262.

    =Cape Vancouver=
      carvings of mythic animals from =18=: 447, 448.
      ceremonial objects from =18=: 396.
      clothing from =18=: 35.
      description of villages near =18=: 251.
      implements and utensils from =18=: 67, 72, 76, 94, 103, 106, 107,
        111, 136, 137, 140 _sqq._, 144, 147, 155, 156, 159, 161, 164,
        165, 189, 191, 192.
      language of people of =18=: 25.
      manufactures from =18=: 199.
      memorial images at =18=: 351.
      musical instruments from =18=: 351.
      ornaments from =18=: 54 _sqq._, 61 _sq._
      people of =18=: 26, 27.
      shamanistic rites witnessed at =18=: 432.
      tobacco implements of =18=: 275.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 227.
      visit of E. W. Nelson to =18=: 19.

    =Cape Wankarem=, ruins at =18=: 265 _sq._

    =Capes=
      Belcher =46=: 169.
      Blossom =46=: 204.
      Chibukak =46=: 91.
      Denbigh =46=: 196, 217.
      description of =45=: 231.
      Krusenstern =46=: 99, 204.
      Lisburne, Eskimo =46=: 215.
      Lisburne, skull =46=: 232, 233.
      Lombard =46=: 105.
      Nome =46=: 197.
      Nome, sites near =46=: 90.
      Prince of Wales =46=: 93, 197.
      Riley =46=: 119.
      Rodney =46=: 198.
      Romanzof =46=: 190, 195.
      Romanzof, Eskimo =46=: 225.
      Smythe (Barrow) Eskimo =46=: 225.
      Stephens =46=: 126, 127, 195.
      Thompson, Eskimo =46=: 228.
      Vancouver, Eskimo =46=: 225, 226.
      Wankarem =46=: 168, 170, 171, 211.
      Wooley =46=: 197.

    =Capetlan.= _See_ =Capothan.=

    =Capital=
      consideration of =20=: LXX.
      investment of =20=: LXX.

    =Capital Towns=, rating of =42=: 307 _sq._

    =Capitan Grande Reserve=, establishment of =18=: 884.

    =Capote Ute=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 848, 892, 894.
      number names of =19=: 870, 929.

    =Capothan=, province of New Spain =14=: 529.

    =Capotlan= _or_ =Capotean=, Indians from, accompanying Padilla =14=:
      592.

    =Caprifoliaceae= =33=: 115.

    =Capron=, ----, ethnologic specimens collected by =18=: 192.

    =Capron=, _Captain_ ----, troops under, at Pine Ridge =14=: 850.

    =Caps=
      designs on =41=: 360.
      for women =45=: 76, 235.
      made of fur =45=: 73, 235.
      made of grass, vogue of =41=: 139.
      of the Eskimo =18=: 32 _sqq._, 288.
      woven =41=: 354 _sq._; =45=: 225 _sq._

    =Capsicum=, _Peppers_
      at Parishara dance =38=: § 587, 591.
      burnt in warfare =38=: § 764.
      cultivation of =38=: § 246.
      stimulant in headache =38=: § 289.
      used in eye diseases =38=: § 927.

    =Captain= on islands =38=: § 741.

    =Captain Dick=, account of Ghost dance by =14=: 784.

    =Captain Pipe’s Village=, grant of land including =18=: 688.

    =Captive Dance=, mention of =47=: 205.

    =Captive Songs=
      examples of =27=: 427-431.
      reference to =27=: 603.

    =Captives=
      adoption of =15=: CXII; =42=: 167.
      among the Kiowa =17=: 173 _sq._, 181, 234, 236.
      among the Omaha, treatment of =3=: 312, 332.
      assimilation of =42=: 79, 167.
      attitude toward =42=: 343.
      become slaves =14=: 35; =31=: 499.
      burning of =42=: 167, 189, 437.
      dance at death of =37=: 384.
      disposition of =42=: 423, 427.
      Eskimo disposal of =18=: 328 _sq._
      Kiowa, surrender of =17=: 180, 189.
      mutilation of =42=: 705.
      the property of the captor =42=: 343.
      torture of =17=: 203; =42=: 189, 416 _sqq._
      treatment of =27=: 603; =41=: 544; =45=: 158, 190 _sq._, 407;
        =46=: 551, 552, 553.

    =Captor=, another name of Sitting Bull =14=: 896.

    =Capture=
      absence of, in Seri marriages =17=: 285*.
      association of wares through =20=: 139.
      sign for =1=: 506.

    =Capture of Novice= =35=: 747.

    =Capture of Wife= among Guiana Indians =38=: § 872.

    =Capuna Indians=, carvings by =30=: 140.

    =Cāqanyî´.= _See_ =Mountain Dweller=.

    =Caquima=, identified with K’yäkime =13=: 236.

    =Cara Pintada, Mexico= =10=: 131.

    =Caracamata Seeds=, used for bait =38=: § 188.

    =Caracoli=
      chest ornament =38=: § 537.
      symbol of authority =38=: § 751.

    =Caracolis=, description of, by Labat =34=: 230 _sq_.

    =Carafes.= _See_ =Bottles.=

    =Caraids=, verification of death =1=: 146.

    "=Carankouas=,” a part of the Attakapan family =7=: 57.

    =Carapa Guinasis=
      medium for painting =38=: § 512.
      oil made from =38=: § 25.
      oil, for anointing the body =38=: § 511, 933.
      seeds, used as bait =38=: § 188, 192.
      timber used for boats =38=: § 794.

    =Carapaces= of turtles from Pueblo ruins, description of =22, i=:
      95.

    =Carbajal=, death of Spaniard named =14=: 500.

    =Carbet=, hall, common room, etc., of the Cayenne and Island Carib
      =38:= § 807, 811, 931.

    =Carcajou Mounds=, location of =37=: 99.

    =Card Catalogue= of hieroglyphs =1=: 223.

    =Card Games=
      among the Eskimo =11=: 255; =18=: 330 _sq._
      now forgotten =45=: 130.

    =Cardenas, Diego Lopez de=, name of, given by Mota Padilla =14=:
      477.

    =Cardenas, Garcia Lopez=
      accident to =14=: 505, 577.
      appointment of, as captain =14=: 477.
      at Tiguex =14=: 492.
      confusion of, with Urrea =14=: 489.
      Coronado protected by, at Cibola =14=: 483, 557, 573.
      death of brother of =14=: 530.
      Indians interviewed by =14=: 555, 556.
      Indian village attacked by =14=: 496.
      preparations for winter quarters by =14=: 576.
      recalled to Spain =14=: 399, 578, 583.
      succeeds Samaniego as field-master =14=: 388.
      treachery of Indians toward =14=: 498.
      visits Colorado River =14=: LVII, 390, 489, 574.
      visits Tusayan in 1540 =17=: 595.

    =Carder, Peter=, on labrets of Rio de la Plata =3=: 83.

    =Cardinal Birds= =29=: 43.

    =Cardinal Colors= =29=: 42 _sq._

    =Cardinal Corn Maidens= =29=: 43.

    =Cardinal Directions=
      Hopi pets of the =15=: 266.
      invocations to =15=: 269, 289.
      of the Hopi =15=: 258.
      of the Tewa =29=: 41 _sq._
      of the Zuñi =13=: 355.
      sacred regard of the =15=: 183.
      _See also_ =Cardinal Points=.

    =Cardinal Flower=
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 424.
      mention of =33=: 129.
      used in medicine =30=: 56.

    =Cardinal Mammals= =29=: 43.

    =Cardinal Mountains= =29=: 44, 513, 514, 560.

    =Cardinal Points=
      animals belonging to =21=: 25.
      assignment of colors to =3=: 41-46.
      assignment of days to =3=: 37-40.
      association of, with colors =11=: 397.
      beliefs concerning =11=: 377, 524.
      birds symbolic of the =16=: 220.
      bowl buried according to =41=: 537.
      circuit of =47=: 132.
      colors applied to =42=: 623 _sq._
      colors attributed to =10=: 623-626.
      colors of, corresponding to those of rain-cloud symbols =21=: X,
        47.
      colors symbolic of =30=: 46, 64.
      corn symbolic of =16=: 291.
      fires at =41=: 506 _sq._
      fires at, in Ghost dance =14=: 915.
      importance of, in Snake ceremonies =19=: 972, 974.
      in Ghost dance =14=: 789.
      in Hopi ceremony =17=: 613, 628, 678.
      in Potawatomi myth =14=: 209.
      in religious rites =39=: 309.
      in Sioux ceremony =14=: 823.
      observance of, in treating the sick =42=: 624.
      observed in ceremonies =16=: 257, 277.
      of the Navaho =17=: 488, 500, 502, 508, 511.
      offerings to =37=: 429.
      place of, in religion =41=: 537.
      plants ascribed to =30=: 37 _sq._
      recognition of, in Flute ceremonies =19=: 1003, 1004.
      representation of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 103.
      significance of =42=: 623, 624.
      smoke offering to =14=: 918, 1063.
      snakes deposited at =16=: 285, 295.
      societies of the =11=: 70.
      songs of, in curing disease =47=: 110.
      supplication to the =11=: 124.
      symbolized by colors =16=: 287, 291.
      symbols for =3=: 7-64.
      symbols of, in the Maya codices =16=: 234, 242, 257, 263.
      winds symbolic of =16=: 232.
      worship of fire god at =21=: 96.
      _See also_ =Cardinal Directions; Directions; Winds=, _Four_.

    =Cardinal Sacred Water Lakes= =29=: 44 _sq._

    =Cardinal Shells= =29=: 44.

    =Cardinal Snakes= =29=: 43.

    =Cardinal Trees= =29=: 44.

    =Cardinals=, _numerals_, Unalit, table of =18=: 238 _sq._

    =Cardona, Antonio Serrano.= See =Serrano=.

    =Cards=, mention of =3=: 341.

    =Care of Baskets= =41=: 196.

    =Carex Rostrata= =45=: 514.

    =Carex sp.= =45=: 515.

    =Carey=, a synonym for Menomini =19=: 1048.

    =Cargua=, a Kiowa synonym =17=: 148, 156.

    =Caria Seeds=, eaten by Guiana Indians =38=: § 247.

    =Cariacou=
      number of specimens from =34=: 49.
      pottery of =34=: 118.

    =Carib=
      affinities of Timaguana with =7=: 123.
      allies of Aguebana the Second =25=: 40.
      amulets of the =25=: 132, 142, 147.
      basketry of the =25=: 213.
      cannibalism among the =25=: 50.
      canoes of the =25=: 207 _sqq._
      cassava used by the =25=: 53.
      character of the =25=: 27 _sq._
      culture of the =25=: XII _sq._
      festivals of the =25=: 65.
      fishing among the =25=: 49.
      habitat of the =25=: 24.
      houses of the =25=: 47.
      influence of, on southern art =15=: XXXVII, XLII.
      language of the =25=: 78.
      medicine-men of the =25=: 60 _sq._
      method of forming numerals =19=: 914.
      mortuary customs of the =25=: 58, 71 _sq._, 213 _sq._
      name for priests =25=: 54.
      origin and migrations of the =25=: 90, 217 _sqq._
      physical features of the =25=: 30 _sq._, 142, 213.
      pictographs of the =25=: 159.
      polygamy among the =25=: 48.
      raids on Porto Rico =25=: 28, 40, 97.
      relationship with the Borinqueños =25=: 26.
      slavery among the =25=: 25.
      stone implements of the =25=: 92.
      turtle associated with the =25=: 197.
      voyages of the =25=: 207 _sq._
      weapons of the =25=: 209.
      _zemis_ of the =25=: 58.
      _See also_ =Carib Indians=.

    =Carib Indians=
      a nomadic people =34=: 52.
      abbreviation for name =30=: 107.
      amativeness, expressions of =30=: 163 _sq._
      artifacts of =34=: 55.
      as to origin of man =30=: 141, 143.
      assigned to the Lesser Antilles =34=: 65.
      beliefs of, as to dreams =30=: 165.
      beliefs of, as to spirits =30=: 163, 167, 177, 179.
      binas =30=: 283 _sq._, 285.
      Black, origin of =34=: 89.
      boy’s escape from =30=: 273 _sq._
      burial customs of =30=: 156-160, 299.
      cannibalism of =30=: 273.
      comets, beliefs regarding =30=: 259.
      couvade, practice and prevalence of =30=: 320-324.
      culture epoch of =34=: 56.
      eclipses among =30=: 258 _sq._
      fighting women of =30=: 365.
      food of =30=: 295 _sq._, 352.
      inhabitants of Lesser Antilles submerged by =34=: 52, 88, 261.
      invasion of Lesser Antilles by =34=: 254 _sq._, 267.
      islands inhabited by =34=: 51, 52, 88.
      legends of =30=: 129, 130, 133 _sqq._, 146 _sq._, 152, 179 _sq._,
        181, 205, 211, 218 _sq._, 223, 248 _sq._, 265, 323, 378 _sq._
      marriage customs of =30=: 314.
      menstruating women among =30=: 309.
      modeling of =30=: 140.
      names of =30=: 306, 307.
      natal customs of =30=: 319, 320 _sqq._, 323, 324.
      not pottery makers =34=: 56.
      omens prevalent among =30=: 271.
      ordeals of =30=: 278, 309 _sq._, 339.
      origin of =30=: 143-146.
      poisons of =30=: 359.
      protection against spirits =30=: 180 _sq._, 298 _sq._
      puberty customs of =30=: 309-312.
      religious beliefs of =30=: 117, 136, 139.
      sails invented by =30=: 125.
      settlements of, in Porto Rico =34=: 171.
      sickness among =30=: 349, 351, 353.
      stars, beliefs as to =30=: 260.
      still living in Dominica =34=: 124.
      storms feared by =30=: 290 _sq._
      survival among, of older customs and objects =34=: 52.
      theory concerning =34=: 77 _sq._
      war with Arawak Indians =30=: 383 _sq._
      words taboo among =30=: 253.
      _See also_ =Carib=; and various Carib tribal names.

    =Carib Pottery=, meaning of the term =34=: 261.

    =Carib Stones=, where found =34=: 93.

    =Caribbean=
      art, study of importation of =21=: X, XIII.
      designs, resemblance of South Appalachian stamp designs to =20=:
        134, 135.
      influence in Florida =16=: LVII.
      ware, Gulf Coast ware suggesting =20=: 110 _sqq._

    =Caribbean Sea=
      location and extent of =25=: 21.
      pictographs of =4=: 40.

    =Caribbeans.= _See_ =Carib=; etc.

    =Carbisce Cliff=, legend of =30=: 238.

    =Carica Papaya= =38=: § 85.

    =Caries=, among the Pima =26=: 268.

    =Carignan=,--, on movements of Sitting Bull =14=: 855.

    =Carijona Indians=, modeling among =30=: 140.

    =Carinepagotos=, a nation of Trinidad =34=: 64.

    =Carisa Plain, Calif.=
      Carson River, petroglyphs on =10=: 92.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 68.
      pictographs of the =4=: 36.

    =Carise= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Carizo, Ariz.=, ruins near, mention of =22, i=: 19.

    =Carleton=, _Col._ =James H.=, military operations of =26=: 48, 51.

    =Carley, Sam=, acknowledgment to =37=: 48.

    =Carlin Farm Reserve=
      authority for establishment of =18=: 828.
      discontinuance of =18=: 894.
      establishment of =18=: 890.

    =Carlisle (Pa.) Indian School=
      establishment of =17=: 216.
      linguistic investigations at =28=: 225.

    =Carlisle Students=
      as Messiah delegates =14=: 900.
      in Ghost dance =14=: 923, 924, 971, 1038.

    =Carlos=, a Flathead chief =45=: 377.

    =Carludovica=
      for basketry =38=: § 100, 102.
      for belts =38=: § 544.
      in the manufacture of whips =38=: § 845.
      “rope” =38=: § 72.

    =Carmel Language= of Mofras =7=: 102.

    =Carmona, Alonso de=, Apalachee described by =42=: 440.

    =Carnegie Institution= of Washington, acknowledgment to =28=: 239.

    =Carniff, William=
      on use of wild rice by whites in Ontario =19=: 1101.
      on wild rice in Lake Huron =19=: 1037.

    =Carnival=, name for =29=: 69.

    =Carolina Indians=
      authorities on =42=: 680.
      canoes of =42=: 689.
      customs of =42=: 691, 692, 693, 694, 696, 697, 699, 700, 701, 702,
        703, 704, 705, 707, 708.
      dwellings of =42=: 191, 687, 688.
      feather cloaks used by =42=: 682.
      hair dressing of =42=: 684.
      tattooing among =42=: 686.
      textile fabrics of =13=: 14, 16.

    =Carolina Tribes=, burial among =1=: 93.

    =Carolinas=
      Cherokee connection with pottery of =20=: 143 _sq._
      difficulty in analyzing pottery of =20=: 142.
      intermingling of varieties of ware in =20=: 144.
      ornamentation in color of pottery of =20=: 67.
      pipe-making of historic tribes of =20=: 140.
      pottery of coastal districts of =20=: 146, 150.
      resemblance of Delaware Valley pottery to that of =20=: 177 _sq._
      tribes formerly occupying =20=: 142.
      use of steatite as tempering in vessels from =20=: 47 _sq._
      _See also_ =North Carolina=; =South Carolina=.

    =Caron, Josette=
      Menomini treaty signer =14=: 28.
      _See also_ =Karon=.

    =Carondelet=, _Baron de_, grant signed by =18=: 715, 724.

    =Carpinteria=
      asphalt from =44=: 105.
      _See also_ =La Carpinteria=.

    =Carr=, _Gen._ =E. A.=
      arrest of Nakai-doklĭ´ni by =14=: 705.
      operations of, in Sioux outbreak =14=: 882.
      troops under, in Sioux outbreak =14=: 850.

    =Carr, Lucien=
      cited =5=: 84, 87, 88, 92; =12=: 645; =46=: 234.
      on Indians and mound builders =12=: 600, 615.
      shell gorget described by =2=: 295.

    =Carreri, Gemelli=, on Mexican Calendar system =19=: 935.

    =Carriacon=, pottery from =25=: 189, 190.

    =Carribas=, location of =43=: 170.

    =Carrier=, _Miss_ =Emily=, Nanticoke words supplied by =36=: 14.

    =Carrier Tribe=, mention of =41=: 135.

    =Carriers=
      for meats, etc., Eskimo =18=: 73.
      _See also_ =Takulli=.

    =Carrington=,--
      on East Cherokee chiefs =19=: 175.
      on East Cherokee constitution =19=: 173.
      on East Cherokee in Civil War =19=: 170, 171.
      on Iroquois =19=: 485.
      on Iroquois peace towns =19=: 208.

    =Carrion Crows and Medicine-Man=,
      legend of =30=: 343 _sqq._

    =Carrion-Flower=, use of =44=: 293, 346.

    =Carriso Mountains=, description of =17=: 477.

    =Carrizal=
      occurrence of, in Seriland =17=: 36.
      Seri, use of, in balsa-making =17=: 216* _sq._

    =Carrizo=, numerals of =19=: 919.

    =Carroll=,--
      on Catawba in Cherokee war =19=: 44.
      on English conduct toward Cherokee =19=: 38.

    =Carroll=, _Major_ --, Porcupine’s account made to =14=: 793.

    =Carroll, John J.=, work of =22, i=: XII.

    =Carroll=, _Gov._ =William=
      commissioner for making and executing Cherokee treaty =5=: 253,
        283.
      report of, on the Cherokee =5=: 259.
      treaty signed by =19=: 125.

    =Carron=
      genealogy of =14=: 50, 53.
      medal presented to =14=: 18.

    =Carron Family=, importance of =14=: 45.

    =Carrots=
      boiled in kettle =35=: 557.
      digging of =35=: 200.
      preparation of =35=: 553.

    =Carrying.= _See_ =Domestic Pottery=.

    =Carrying Song= =39=: 135.

    =Carson, Kit=
      attacks on Kiowa by =17=: 179, 314.
      presence of, at treaty of 1865 =17=: 180.
      reference to =28=: 62.
      return of, from California =26=: 30.

    =Carson Desert, Nev.=, rock carvings in =4=: 24.

    =Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississippi=, on location of
      Maskotin =19=: 1053.

    =Carte Figurative=, cited =30=: 20.

    =Carte Particulière du Fleuve Saint Louis=, on synonym for Menomini
      =19=: 1048.

    =Carter, Charles D.=, migration legend obtained from =44=: 177.

    =Carter=, _Hon._ =George R.=, acknowledgment to =30=: 17.

    =Carter, James M.=, information furnished by =44=: 63.

    =Carter-Blake=, -- =46=: 348.

    =Carter County, Ky.=, flint in =44=: 514-519.

    =Carteret=, _Lord_, sale of right in Carolina government by =18=:
      530.

    =Carteret=, _Sir_ =George=, grant to =18=: 530, 588.

    =Carteret, Philip=, purchase of land by =18=: 588.

    =Carteria Larreae=, creosote gum deposited by =26=: 106.

    =Cartersville, Ga.=, mounds near =5=: 96-104.

    =Carthage, Tenn.=, trail from, to Algood =42=: 836.

    =Cartier, Jacques=
      aborigines met by =7=: 58, 77 _sq._
      cited =12=: 618, 624.
      Indians found on St. Lawrence by =19=: 190.
      reference to =28=: 290.

    =Cartographic Results= of the Coronado expedition =14=: 403.

    =Cartoweri knapsack= =38=: § 450.

    =Cartridge Shells=, Eskimo tobacco implements made of =18=: 280,
      282, 283.

    =Cartwright, George=
      on archery, Montagnais =24=: 384 _sq._
      on tossed ball, Montagnais =24=: 708.

    =Cartwright, John Bell=, collection presented by =41=: 116.

    =Caruna=
      a vegetable poison =38=: § 735.
      seeds used as bells =38=: § 574.

    =Carus=, _Dr._ =Paul=, on Chinese mystic numbers =19=: 847.

    =Carver=, _Capt._ =Jonathan=
      cited =12=: 657.
      medicine ceremony described by =14=: 111 _sqq._
      Ojibwa pictographs recorded by =15=: 169.
      Omaha hunters met by =15=: 191.
      on Cree jugglery =14=: 141 _sqq._
      on Dakota curing wild rice =19=: 1065.
      on Dakota property right =19=: 1073.
      on Dakota storing wild rice =19=: 1058 _sq._
      on dice games, Chippewa =24=: 65.
      on dogs of Siouan Indians =15=: 170.
      on duck in Wisconsin =19=: 1034, 1098.
      on early trade of the Omaha =27=: 80 _sq._, 612.
      on future value of wild rice to the whites =19=: 1101.
      on Green Bay, progress of =14=: 18.
      on Green Bay Indians, habitat of =14=: 19.
      on horses among the Plains tribes =15=: 173.
      on Indians =4=: 98, 99, 104, 113.
      on influence of wild rice on geographic nomenclature =19=: 1116.
      on location of Sauk =19=: 1051.
      on Minnesota River =19=: 1035.
      on racket, Chippewa =24=: 566.
      on Siouan dances =15=: 175, 184.
      on Siouan weapons =15=: 171.
      on stone slung-shot =13=: 95.
      on the Winnebago in 1778 =15=: 196.
      on thrashing wild rice by the Dakota by treading or rubbing =19=:
        1069.
      on time Dakota first possessed horses =19=: 1044.
      on wild rice feasts =19=: 1092.
      on wild rice in Fox River =19=: 1034.
      value of records of =15=: 183.

    =Carver Place=, flint on =44=: 517.

    =Carving=
      Eskimo examples of =18=: 47, 54-62, 67, 70, 71, 82-89, 94-108,
        111, 127, 134-144, 150, 154, 162-173, 179, 188, 193 _sqq._, 218,
        227, 233, 252, 264, 274, 276, 280, 345, 346, 351, 352, 396-415,
        436, 446, 447, 449.
      implements of the Eskimo =18=: 85 _sq._
      in stone =45=: 41.
      ivory, bone =46=: 170.
      of Melanesian Islands like those on American continent =3=: 147.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 260.
      pottery decoration by means of =20=: 65.
      skill in =30=: 140.
      _See also_ =Carvings=; =Decoration=; =Incision=; =Paddles=;
        =Stamps=.

    =Carvings, Animal=
      from mounds =2=: 117.
      totemic origin of =2=: 150.

    =Carvings in House= =35=: 785.

    =Carvings of the Eskimo= =9=: 392-409.

    =Carvings of the Kwakiutl=
      bird =35=: 807, 810.
      crane =35=: 810.
      grizzly bear =35=: 805, 806, 856.
      representing men =35=: 814.
      wolf =35=: 820, 856, 1119.

    =Casa Blanca=
      a name of two cliff dwellings =16=: 145.
      cache discovered near =26=: 256.
      day schools of =26=: 34.
      described by Simpson =16=: 79.
      description of =16=: 104-111.
      description of ruin of =26=: 24.
      floods at =26=: 52 _sq._
      gambler’s prayers, place near =26=: 175.
      history of =26=: 25.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 227.
      in Pima song =26=: 282.
      jacal construction in =16=: 163.
      notched doorway in =16=: 164.
      Pima village =26=: 21, 23.
      population of =26=: 21.
      race tracks near =26=: 173.
      reference to =28=: 71.
      traces of whitewashing at =8=: 145.

    =Casa de Contratacion=, description of =14=: 351.

    =Casa del Tepozteco, Mexico=, inscription from =26=: XIV.

    =Casa Grande=
      and San José ruins compared =13=: 186.
      application of the name =28=: 79 _sq._, 87.
      ascribed to the Hopi =17=: 531.
      character of structure of =13=: 238.
      chief of =26=: 24.
      description of =26=: 153.
      durable character of =23=: XXX.
      history of =26=: 25.
      identical with Chichilticalli (?) =26=: 26 _sq._
      identification with Chichilticalli attempted =14=: 387.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 221, 227.
      in Pima song =26=: 281.
      location of =26=: 24.
      masonry of =13=: 360.
      memoir on =13=: 289, 319; =28=: 25.
      origin of name =28=: 33.
      people of, relations of, to those of Verde Valley =22, i=: 34.
      report on =13=: XXXVII, XLIV, LV.
      reservation of =13=: XXXVII.
      ruin of =11=: XXVII.
      visited by Kino =26=: 27.
      walls of =26=: 21.

    =Casa Grande Ruins, Ariz.=, operations at =29=: 14 _sq._, 20.

    =Casa Grande Station, Ariz.=, reference to =28=: 72.

    =Casa Grande Mountains, Ariz.=
      pictographs found in =28=: 148.
      reference to =28=: 36.

    =Casa Grande Ruin=, memoir on repair of =15=: CII, 315, 349.

    =Casa Montezuma=
      designation of Casa Grande =28=: 33, 34.
      _See also_ =Montezuma=.

    =Casas Grandes=
      exploration of =23=: XVII.
      of the Gila =28=: 153.
      pottery from =17=: 624.
      resemblance of, to Gila River remains =16=: 196.

    =Casas Grandes (Chihuahua).=
      pottery from =28=: 137, 142, 156.
      reference to =28=: 54.
      type of =28=: 151.

    =Casca Indians=, mention of =41=: 135.

    =Cascade Indians=, a Kwikwûlĭt synonym =14=: 741.

    =Cascade People=, basketry of =41=: 141, 156, 361.

    =Cascara Buckthorn=, use of =45=: 473.

    =Case, H. B.=, on Indian burial custom =5=: 47.

    =Case of Witchcraft=, Iroquois account of a =2=: 72.

    =Caseheapana.= _See_ =Pastor=.

    =Cashew=
      cultivation of =38=: § 246.
      drink made from =38=: § 267.
      poison obtained from =38=: § 735.

    =Casey=, _Lieut._ =E. W.=, killed at Sioux outbreak =14=: 872, 888.

    =Casimi=, fruit of, eaten by the Makusi =38=: § 247.

    =Casqui=, mention of mound at =42=: 175.

    =Cass, Lewis=
      experience of, at Ottawa ceremony =14=: 105.
      purchase of reservations through =18=: 705.
      reply to Schermerhorn’s proposals by =19=: 122.
      treaty commissioner =14=: 27, 28.

    =Cass Lake=, reservation at =18=: 804.

    =Cass Manuscript=
      quoted on Canadian Indian magic =14=: 144.
      quoted on Rabbit Rock myth =14=: 117.

    =Cassanate, Pedro Pastel de=, expedition of =17=: 57.

    =Cassandra=, an edible beetle =38=: § 224.

    =Cassava===
      at salutation ceremony =38=: § 811.
      bread =38=: § 236.
      canoe =38=: § 344.
      ceremonies of =30=: 230.
      grater =38=: § 334-343, 826.
      leaf-strand figure =38=: § 621.
      leaves of, eaten =38=: § 237.
      legend concerning, in Dominica =34=: 126 _sq._
      means of suicide =38=: § 732.
      mention of =25=: 51 _sqq._, 106, 194, 216.
      sifter for =38=: § 356-360.
      smoother =38=: § 365.
      spirits associated with =30=: 228, 230.
      squeezer =38=: § 345-355.
      squeezer, name for =38=: § 345.
      starch made of =38=: § 234.

    =Cassava Bread=
      made from yucca =34=: 57.
      stones for baking =34=: 223.

    =Casse-têtes=, from Guadeloupe =34=: 134.

    =Cassidy, Gerald=, reference to =29=: 466.

    =Cassidy, Perlina Sizer=
      on tradition of Ship Rock =29=: 567.
      reference to =29=: 211.

    =Cassine=
      ceremonial and medicinal properties of =42=: 666.
      ceremonial drinking of =42=: 300, 306, 598.
      description of plant =42=: 542, 543.
      mention of =42=: 536.
      picture of brewing of =20=: 26.
      preparation and drinking of, at busk =42=: 584.
      where grown =42=: 539.
      _See also_ =Asi=; =Black Drink=; =Ilex Vomitoria=.

    =Cassis Shells= used as vessels =2=: 191, 194, 196.

    =Casson= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Castake= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782, 788.

    =Castalia odorata=, use of =44=: 288, 342.

    =Castalian Springs, Tenn.=
      burials found at =41=: 605.
      fortified town at =41=: 496.
      mound at =42=: 729.
      vases found at =41=: 534.

    =Castañeda, Alonso de=, death of =14=: 500.

    =Castañeda=, _Miss_ =Isabel R.=, Mexican tales collected by =37=:
      21.

    =Castañeda= (=de Nagera=), =Pedro de=
      account of Cibolan milling by =8=: 211, 212.
      account of Tusayan by =17=: 596.
      accusations against Friar Marcos =14=: 366.
      cited on Indian bread =9=: 522.
      credibility of his version of the Turk’s stories of Quivira =14=:
        394.
      difficulties in manuscript of =14=: 513, 514.
      explanation of troubles between Friar Marcos and Estevan =14=:
        355.
      family of =14=: 470.
      manuscript of, in Lenox Library =14=: 339, 413.
      mistake of, regarding departure of Alarcon =14=: 385.
      narrative of =16=: LIV.
      narrative of Coronado’s expedition by =14=: LV, 413, 417.
      on Acoma =29=: 543, 544.
      on Cibola hair dressing =17=: 661.
      on condition of Chicilticalli =13=: 295.
      on cremation among Pueblo Indians =22, i=: 176.
      on early Pueblo warfare =17=: 588.
      on Galisteo =29=: 482.
      on Hopi fabrics =17=: 629.
      on Jemez =29=: 402.
      on location of Tusayan =19=: 598.
      on Pecos =29=: 476.
      on Picurís =29=: 193.
      on Pueblo kivas in 1540 =17=: 575.
      on Quivira =29=: 565.
      on Santa Fé Mountains =29=: 105.
      on Sia =29=: 517.
      on stone balls found in Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 183.
      on Taos =29=: 183.
      on visit to Tusayan in 1540 =17=: 596, 597.
      on Yuqueyunque =29=: 227.
      peculiarities of style of =14=: 525, 526.
      references to =28=: 53, 117.
      says Friar Marcos’s promotion was arranged by Mendoza =14=: 364.
      Spanish family name =14=: 511.
      stories of revolt of Rio Grande Indians =14=: 393.
      story of an Indian trader =14=: 345.
      story of Estevan’s death =14=: 306.
      Zuñi cremation mentioned by =13=: 366.

    =Castapanas=, identification of =17=: 166.

    =Caste System= among the Tlingit =26=: 427.

    =Casteel Family=, murder of =19=: 76.

    =Castilleja Coceinea=, use of =44=: 288, 362.

    =Castillo, Alonso del=, same as Maldonado =14=: 348.

    =Castillo, Anton=, aid rendered by =17=: XIII, 14.

    =Castillo de Teayo= =25=: 250.

    =Castillo del Oro=, name given by Columbus to Chiriqui =6=: 35.

    =Castner, J. C.=, mention of =46=: 124, 125.

    =Castor Canadensis Frondator=, eaten by the Pima =26=: 81.

    =Castor Hill=, treaty of, in 1852 =18=: 738, 740, 742, 744; =19=:
      99.

    =Castorium= as a weather charm =35=: 636.

    =Castration=
      of dogs =38=: § 719.
      of Indian priests and medicine-men =9=: 454.
      of prisoners by Guiana Indians =38=: § 507, 769.

    =Caswell=, --, on the Kentucky revival =14=: 943.

    =Cat=
      Cherokee name for =19=: 265.
      _See also_ =Guñsádatte=.

    =Cat Briar=, medicinal use of =42=: 667.

    =Cat-tail=
      a life symbol =36=: 93.
      in Pima basketry =26=: 133, 135.
      medicinal use of =27=: 584.
      use of =33=: 64; =44=: 294, 378; =45=: 482, 496, 498.
      use of, as food =17=: 270.

    =Cat-tail Flag=, used in basketry =41=: 145.

    =Cat-tail Gens=
      silent during ceremony =36=: 93.
      _See also_ =Wa-ke´-the´stse-dse Gens=.

    =Cat-tail Woman= in Pima song =26=: 296.

    =Cata, Eulogio=, reference to =29=: 143.

    =Cataha= _or_ =Cátakâ=, Kiowa Apache synonym =17=: 245.

    =Catahoula County, La.=, ware found in mound at =20=: 103.

    =Cataka=, a synonym of Kiowa Apache =14=: 1081.

    =Catalina Mountains, Ariz.=, reference to =28=: 36.

    =Catalogues= of collection in 1881 =3=: 427-592.

    =Cataloguing of Specimens=, method of =12=: 22.

    =Catamenial Customs=
      of the Assiniboin =46=: 524.
      of the Fox Indians =40=: 229, 245, 303-309, 339 _sq._, 357, 491,
        517, 571.
      of the Omaha =3=: 267.
      of the Salishan tribes =45=: 62, 172.
      _See also_ =Menstruation=; =Puberty=.

    =Cataract= among the Pima =26=: 268.

    =Cataracts= in Cherokee lore =19=: 426.

    =Cataraugos.= _See_ =Cattaraugus=.

    =Catarro= =38=: § 918.

    =Catawba=
      and Dakota affinity =15=: 159.
      black pottery of the =41=: 522.
      Cherokee relations with =19=: 14, 31 _sq._, 36, 44, 49, 165, 234,
        380 _sq._
      divisions of the =15=: 165.
      feather ornament of =19=: 504.
      games of the =24=:
        football 698, 704.
        racket 611.
      habitat of the =7=: 112, 114, 116.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 780.
      linguistic work among the =15=: 244.
      myths of the =19=: 452.
      name for Cherokee =19=: 16, 183.
      population of the =7=: 118.
      population of the, in 1755 =19=: 39.
      proportion of warriors to population =14=: 33.
      researches among the =14=: XL.
      sketch of the =19=: 498.
      Spanish contact with =19=: 28.
      _See also_ =Catawba Indians=; etc.

    =Catawba Dialect=, recorded as a type =21=: XXIV.

    =Catawba Indians=
      attacked by the Iroquois =42=: 735.
      called Flatheads =42=: 687.
      former habitat of =20=: 142.
      modern pottery making by =20=: 20, 52, 53 _sqq._, 130, 131 _sq._,
        142 _sq._
      modern pottery of =20=: 143.
      pottery from mound resembling that of =20=: 144.
      pottery made by =42=: 690.
      prehistoric pottery of =20=: 143.
      proposed removal of, to Cherokee country =5=: 317.
      resemblance of Pamunkey pottery to that of =20=: 152.
      treaty of 1756 with =5=: 145.
      _See also_ =Catawba=; etc.

    =Catawba Killer=
      Cherokee formulas furnished by =7=: 316.
      _See also_ =Takwatihi=.

    =Catawba Language=
      study of, by Dr. J. R. Swanton =39=: 14.
      studied by Dr. T. Michelson =34=: 17.

    =Catawba Settlements=
      attack on =42=: 769.
      location of =42=: 778.

    =Catawba Trail= =42=: 772.

    =Catcher Toy= =38=: § 617.

    =Catching Game=, description of =45=: 134.

    =Catch-the-Bear=
      an adherent of Sitting Bull =14=: 857.
      killed in Sitting Bull fight =14=: 857.

    =Caterpillars=
      destruction of wild rice by =19=: 1027, 1100.
      Pima superstition concerning =26=: 265.
      string figures of =38=: § 672.
      used as food =38=: § 223.
      used in ordeals =30=: 279, 281.

    =Catfish=, folk tale of the =14=: 214.

    =Catfish Dance=, mention of =42=: 523, 534.

    =Catfish Lake=, Seminole settlement =5=: 477, 478, 509.

    "=Catgut=,” in Cherokee lore =19=: 425.

    =Cathartics=, used by the Zuñi =30=: 51, 53.

    =Cathlascon Tribes=, Scouler on =7=: 81.

    =Catholic Church=
      influence of =47=: 203, 205 _sq._, 846, 903.
      part taken by, in burials =47=: 137.

    =Catholic Mission=, grant of land to =18=: 836.

    =Catlin, George=
      cited =10=: 741; =30=: 299 _sq._
      cited on Indian beliefs =11=: 506.
      cited on Indian medicine-men =9=: 463.
      cited on Indian wigs =9=: 475.
      describes shell adze =2=: 205.
      on Apache arrow chipping =13=: 138.
      on Apache stone-flaking =13=: 173.
      on Apache whale-tooth punch =13=: 140.
      on archery, Mandan =24=: 293.
      on burial of Blackbird =1=: 139.
      on Dakota gathering wild rice =19=: 1062.
      on dice games, Iowa =24=: 186.
      on double ball, Dakota =24=: 648.
      on double ball, Santee =24=: 663.
      on early traders =17=: 171.
      on Fort Gibson Indians gathering in 1834 =17=: 169.
      on Golgotha of Mandans =1=: 170.
      on hidden ball, Iowa =24=: 365 _sq._
      on hoop and pole, Mandan =24=: 459, 512 _sq._
      on hoop and pole, Minitarees =24=: 487.
      on Indians =4=: 101, 114, 115, 116.
      on Känakûk =14=: 692, 697.
      on Kiowa =17=: 268.
      on Kiowa in 1834 =17=: 171.
      on Mandan Chungke stones. =13=: 99.
      on Mandan claim of antiquity =15=: 167.
      on Mandan desolation of smallpox =17=: 275.
      on Mandan pottery making =20=: 58, 195, 197.
      on meaning of Känakûk =14=: 693.
      on meeting of Comanche and dragoons =17=: 264.
      on mourning cradle =1=: 181.
      on native name of Mandan =15=: 163.
      on Nootka method of tree felling =13=: 72.
      on Oto and Missouri habitat =15=: 195.
      on racket, Cherokee =24=: 581.
      on racket, Choctaw =24=: 585, 599-602.
      on racket, Iowa =24=: 615.
      on Shawano prophet =14=: 673.
      on Shawano religion among the Blackfeet =14=: 680.
      on Siouan bows =15=: 171.
      on Siouan use of horses =15=: 175.
      on Tahchee =19=: 141.
      on Tecumtha =14=: 691.
      on use of stone implements in pemmican making =13=: 88.
      on value of white buffalo hide =27=: 284.
      on Wichita houses =17=: 266.
      quoted on Indian customs =11=: 513.
      reference to North American Indians by =12=: 42, 43.
      reference to work of =11=: 501, 502.
      value of records of =15=: 183.
      visit of, to Känakûk =14=: 696.
      visit of, to Kiowa in 1834 =17=: 262 _sqq._
      wild rice harvesting illustration, reference to =19=: 1057.

    =Catlinite=
      mention of =4=: 23.
      used for pipes by Menomini =14=: 248.

    =Catnip=
      introduced by the whites =33=: 59.
      medicinal use of =43=: 266.
      use of =44=: 290.
      _See also_ =Nepeta Cataria=.

    =Cato, Josiah=
      on stone collars =25=: 167 _sq._
      stone collars interpreted by =34=: 207.

    =Catostomus=, fish of Colorado Basin =26=: 83.

    =Cat’s Claw=, a Pima food plant =26=: 76.

    =Cat’s Cradle=
      general description of =24=: 761 _sq._
      mention of =45=: 135.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: p. 500-550.
      played by the =24=:
        Apache (White Mountain) 762 _sq._
        Clallam 772.
        Eskimo (Central) 767 _sqq._
        Eskimo (Ita) 769.
        Hopi 774.
        Hupa 763.
        Keres 770.
        Makah 762, 776.
        Maricopa 776.
        Maya 772.
        Navaho 762, 763-767, 775, 776.
        Pomo 771.
        Sauk and Foxes 762.
        Shuswap 773.
        Skokomish 773.
        Songish 773.
        Tewa 774 _sq._
        Thompson Indians 773.
        Tigua 775.
        Tsetsaut 767.
        Zuñi 761 _sq._, 766, 774, 777 _sqq._
      played by the Eskimo =18=: 332.

    =Cattaraugus=
      cession of reserves at =18=: 662, 770.
      reservations at =18=: 658, 776.

    =Cattaraugus Reservation, N. Y.=, linguistic investigations at =5=:
      XXXI.

    =Cattle=
      among the Papago =26=: 28, 93.
      among the Pima =26=: 85 _sq._, 99.
      branding of =4=: 182 _sq._
      early introduction of =14=: LVI.
      imported into New Spain =14=: 375.
      introduced into Tusayan =8=: 22.
      payment of, for grass lease =17=: 355.
      purchase of, for the Kiowa =17=: 340.
      raising by the Cherokee =19=: 82, 122, 137, 166, 213 _sq._
      Seri method of hunting =17=: 204* _sq._
      _See also_ under the various names.

    =Cattako=, a Kiowa Apache synonym =17=: 245.

    =Cauac= day symbol discussed =16=: 259.

    =Cauchi=, De Soto’s visit to =19=: 29.

    =Caughnawaga=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 105.
        hoop and pole 474 _sq._
        racket 573 _sq._
      population of =7=: 80.

    =Caujaniquaunte=, sale of land by =18=: 622.

    =Caul=, luck from =30=: 271.

    =Caulin=, --, on belief in God among Orinoco tribes =30=: 118.

    =Caulking of Box= =35=: 299.

    =Caulophyllum Thalictroides=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =33=: 83; =44=: 288, 340, 342, 344, 346.

    =Cautantouwit=, an Algonquian god =14=: 982.

    =Cauterizing= =35=: 694.

    =Cauxana Indians=, natal customs of =30=: 325.

    =Cavallos, Bahia de los=, site of Narvaez’s camp =14=: 347.

    =Cavate=
      dwellings, functions of =17=: 544.
      dwellings, in Verde Valley, discussed =17=: 536, 537-545.
      dwellings, types of =28=: 188, 219.
      use of term =28=: 193, 194.

    =Cavate Lodges=
      ancient, how excavated =13=: 251.
      described and figured =13=: 217.
      in Verde Valley =13=: 187, 192.
      on Fossil Creek =13=: 203.
      reason for abundance of =13=: 260.

    =Cavate Ruins near Flagstaff=
      classes of =22, i=: 35.
      description of, published =22, i=: 35.
      new caves of =22, i=: 37 _sq._
      old caves of =22, i=: 36 _sq._
      old caves of, plan of =22, i=: 37.
      Turkey Tanks, caves of =22, i=: 38 _sq._
      views of =22, i=: I-VI.

    =Cave=
      at Ford’s Ferry =42=: 809 _sq._
      for cedar-bark, used at birth or maturity =35=: 671, 672, 673.
      Graham Mountains, description of =22, i=: 187 _sq._
      sacrificial, in the Nantacks, collection of objects from =22, i=:
        188 _sq._
      used by inhabitants of Kwaituki =8=: 57.
      _See also_ =Caves=; etc.

    =Cave Burials=
      general description of =1=: 126.
      in Alaska =1=: 129.
      in Calaveras County, Calif. =1=: 128, 129.
      in Holston Valley =42=: 752.
      of the Utes =1=: 127, 128.
      _See also_ =Burials=.

    =Cave Dwellers=
      Antillean =25=: 41.
      culture of the =34=: 56, 268.
      of Cuba =34=: 246 _sq._, 255 _sq._

    =Cave Dwellings=
      found near Santa Clara =2=: 431.
      in Arizona =13=: 224.
      of Barbados =34=: 87.

    =Cave Houses=, mention of =4=: 284, 286, 293.

    =Cave-in-Rock=, described by Collins =42=: 809.

    =Cave Lodges= occupied in historic times =8=: 225.

    =Cave Man=, no trace of, in the Ozarks =40=: 16.

    =Cave Ruins=
      classification of =16=: 155.
      villages in Canyon de Chelly =16=: 97.

    =Cavern= symbol in Mexican pictography =16=: 223.

    =Caves=
      as burial places =12=: 285, 286; =34=: 57, 61.
      fabrics preserved in =13=: 29.
      in Tewa tradition =29=: 138 _sq._, 166 _sq._
      inhabited by the Muskogee =42=: 44.
      mention of =46=: 182.
      of Barbados =34=: 11, 82 _sq._
      of Cottonwood Canyon =36=: 26.
      of Isle of Pines =34=: 257.
      of Porto Rico =34=: 170 _sq._
      of Trinidad =34=: 66.
      references to =29=: 225, 272, 296, 321, 374, 412, 415, 452, 457.
      _See also_ =Cave=; etc.

    =Cavetown, Ind.=, occurrences of Iroquoian pottery at =20=; 164.

    =Cavetown, Md.=, explorations near =26=: XII _sq._

    =Cavitt’s Station=, attack on =19=: 75.

    =Caxā´n=. _See_ =Shakan=.

    =Cayam Carumi=, an Inca god =25=: 143.

    =Cayanwa=; =Cayenas=; =Cayguas=, Kiowa synonyms =17=: 148.

    =Cayenne=
      beliefs as to god in =30=: 117, 118.
      burial customs in =30=: 156, 157.
      courtship in =30=: 313, 314.
      dances in =30=: 301 _sq._
      eclipses in =30=: 255.
      food in =30=: 296.
      investigation in =30=: 107.
      natal customs in =30=: 321, 324, 325.
      puberty customs in =30=: 309, 310, 312.
      words taboo in =30=: 252 _sq._

    =Caygua=, a Kiowa synonym =14=: 1078.

    =Caypor=, description of =30=: 174.

    =Caysúma=, a Guiana Indian fermented fruit drink =38=: § 286.

    =Cayuga=
      dice games of the =24=: 117.
      peace treaty of the =43=: 456.
      population of the =7=: 80.
      study of language of the =30=: 20.
      use of wooden mortars by the =13=: 96.
      _See also_ =Cayuga Indians=; =Five Nations=; =New York Indians=;
        =Six Nations=.

    =Cayuga Indians=
      researches among =42=: 11.
      tree-carvings by the =10=: 213.
      _See also_ =Cayuga=; and references given there.

    =Cayuga Lake=, pictographs on =10=: 213.

    =Cayuse=
      and Klûkatät hostility =14=: 738.
      habitat and population of the =7=: 127, 128.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 894, 908, 918, 928.
      opinion of land assignments =14=: 710.
      present habitat of the =14=: 805.
      sketch of the =14=: 743.
      study of language of the =15=: XLV.
      vocabulary obtained =10=: XIV.
      vocabulary transcribed =15=: XL.
      _See also_ =Waiilatpuan=.

    =Cayuse Indians=
      Flathead name for the =45=: 301.
      mention of the =41=: 136.
      name of the, in sign language =45=: 147.
      _See also_ =Cayuse=.

    =Cayzu=, Guiana Indian maize bread =38=: § 264.

    =Ceanothus Americanus=
      medicinal use of =42=: 664.
      mention of =33=: 102.

    =Ceanothus Ovatus=, use of =44=: 288, 340.

    =Ceanothus Sanguineus= =45=: 512.

    =Ceanothus Velutinus= =45=: 457, 475, 516.

    =Cear-Chi-Neka.= _See_ =Siachī´nika=.

    =Ceara, Brazil=, petroglyphs in =10=: 155 _sqq._

    =Cebollita Valley, New Mexico=
      excavation of ruins around =19=: XIII.
      ruins of dressed stones in =21=: XVIII.

    =Cecelhuchah=, meaning of =16=: 224.

    =Cecropia=, for dance sticks =38=: § 578.

    =Cecropia Palmata= =38=: § 287.

    =Cecropia Paltata=, leaves used for “sandpaper” =38=: § 21.

    =Cedar=
      a symbol of long life =39=: 238; =43=: 60, 68.
      appearance of, in representations of Hopi katcinas =21=: 65.
      associated with thunder rites =27=: 42.
      brown, timber used for boats =38=: § 794.
      ceremonial use of =43=: 47, 48, 72.
      for fire =35=: 763.
      leaves, ceremonial use of =40=: 91, 357.
      lore concerning =19=: 421, 505.
      male, a life symbol =36=: 95.
      medicinal use of =42=: 552, 657, 668.
      mention of =33=: 63; =35=: 166, 167, 171.
      mystic character of =33=: 57.
      primitive conception of =15=: 182, 183.
      red, a life symbol =36=: 95.
      red, use of =44=: 290, 369, 377.
      sacred regard for =14=: 809, 979.
      stripping of bark of =35=: 616.
      symbolism of =33=: 64; 43: 48.
      tinder made from =30=: 93.
      use of =45=: 51, 53 _sq._, 498, 500.
      use of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 122.
      used at Casa Grande =28=: 146.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 93.
      used in Ghost dance =14=: 911, 921.
      used in medicine =30=: 55.
      used in preparing fiber =30=: 78.
      yellow =35=: 163.
      _See also_ =Cedar Bark=; etc.

    =Cedar Bark=
      beater =35=: 129.
      belief regarding =35=: 131.
      breaker =35=: 109, 127, 128, 133.
      gathering of =44=: 386.
      implement for peeling =35=: 143.
      implement for splitting =35=: 117, 124.
      mention of =35=: 191.
      packing of =35=: 122, 123, 132.
      peeling of tree =35=: 120, 121, 131.
      preparation of =35=: 130.
      qualities of =35=: 122, 125.
      red =35=: 677, 735.
      red and white =35=: 1005 _sq._
      red, for shaman =35=: 721.
      rings of, for nōnłem =35=: 1035.
      shredded =35=: 660, 661.
      shredding of =35=: 126-129, 132.
      splitting of =35=: 125.
      use of, as hair, in dress of Hopi katcinas =21=: 86.
      use of, as torch, carried by Tcolawitze =21=: 61.
      use of, as torch, in Hopi festivals =21=: 96.
      use of, as torch, in Sumaikoli festival =21=: 96.
      white, burnt for purification =35=: 1173.
      yellow, shredded =35=: 662, 668.

    =Cedar Bark, Red.=
      for speaker in Winter ceremonial =35=: 899.
      head ring of =35=: 890, 1154, 1197.
      mention of =35=: 849, 856, 867, 868, 1004, 1018, 1155.
      neck ring of =35=: 874, 1071.
      represented on house post =35=: 805.
      worn by the shaman =35=: 1217.

    =Cedar-bark Bags=, for storing wild rice =19=: 1072.

    =Cedar-bark Rope= =35=: 75, 76, 90, 100, 158.

    =Cedar-bark Towels= =35=: 775.

    =Cedar County, Nebr.=, reference to =27=: 99.

    =Cedar Creek=, reference to =27=: 99.

    =Cedar Keys, Florida=, pottery from near =20=: 112, 127.

    =Cedar Mats= =35=: 125.

    =Cedar Point=, treaty of =18=: 760.

    =Cedar Pole=
      account of =27=: 229, 457 _sq._
      references to =27=: 194, 200, 217, 219, 494.

    =Cedar Roots=, used in basket making =41=: 137.

    =Cedar Tree=
      felling of =35=: 60.
      hypnotism performed by =14=: 924.
      importance of, in basket making =41=: 145.
      in rites of the Osage =36=: 281.
      influence of, on basket making =41=: 144.
      praying to =35=: 619.
      regarded as sacred =44=: 381.

    =Cedar Tree Tower=, excavation of =41=: 29.

    =Cedar-withe Rope= =35=: 101.

    =Cedar Withes=
      for sewing wood =35=: 77, 93.
      mention of =35=: 111, 115, 119, 120.

    =Cedar Wood=, used for boxes =35=: 82.

    =Cedros, Arroyo de los=, crossed by Coronado =14=: 584.

    =Ceh=
      symbol discussed =16=: 261.
      symbol in Dresden Codex =16=: 261.

    =Ceiling=
      plan of, Shupalovi kiva =8=: 123, 125, 126.
      retention of, original appearance of rooms through =8=: 89.

    =Celastraceae= =33=: 102.

    =Celastrus Scandens=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      medicinal use of =42=: 661.
      use of =33=: 102; =44=: 288, 344, 348, 350.

    =Celedon, Robert=, on Carib numerals =19=: 914.

    =Celery, Wild=, use of =45=: 473, 483.

    =Celestin, John=, brief account of =45=: 274.

    =Celestine=, second chief of Alabama under Antone =42=: 193.

    =Celibacy=
      among the Omaha =3=: 269.
      at Zuñi =47=: 505.
      thought to be uncanny =30=: 247.
      _See also_ =Marriage=.

    =Celilo=, Smohalla performances at =14=: 725.

    =Cellars=, not used in Tusayan and Cibola =8=: 143.

    =Celt Handles= =25=: 209.

    =Celtis Occidentalis= =33=: 76.

    =Celts=
      argillaceous limestone, found with flexed burial =41=: 600.
      ceremonial =34=: 176, 178, 251.
      characteristic of Greater Antilles =34=: 174, 180.
      chipped, description of =13=: 86.
      collection of, from Chiriqui =6=: 29-34.
      diorite, found in house circles =41=: 547.
      diorite, reworked =41=: 601.
      distribution of =15=: 142.
      engraved =34=: 174-183; =38=: § 11.
      Eskimo =18=: 91 _sq._
      evolution of =15=: 97.
      examples of =2=: 203.
      fixation of, in handles =38=: § 8.
      from Barbados =34=: 86.
      from Dominica =34=: 126, 131.
      from Guadeloupe =34=: 133 _sq._
      from Martinique =34=: 131.
      from Porto Rico =34=: 131.
      from St. Lucia =34=: 131.
      from Trinidad =34=: 74.
      hematite, description of =13=: 86.
      how finished =15=: 26.
      making and blade making compared =15=: 102.
      manufacture and distribution of =13=: 72.
      manufacture of =2=: 203; =38=: § 9.
      manufacture of, of shell =2=: 203, 205.
      materials used in making of =15=: 99, 100, 141.
      mention of =25=: 89, 92-97, 192; =46=: 145, 146.
      monolithic, not found in Lesser Antilles =34=: 94.
      monolithic, use of =34=: 176.
      monolithic petaloid =34=: 173, 174.
      nomenclature of =13=: 62.
      of fossil shell =34=: 134.
      of Guiana Indians =38=: § 6.
      petaloid, called thunder-stones =34=: 175, 251.
      petaloid, from Porto Rico =34=: 171, 172-183.
      petaloid, from St. Croix =34=: 168.
      petaloid, from Tobago =34=: 78.
      petaloid, scarce in St. Vincent =34=: 94.
      petaloid, typical of Greater Antilles =34=: 59, 146, 262.
      shell, where found =34=: 59.
      stone =45=: 41.
      type of pattern of =38=: § 7.
      used in steatite working =15=: 133.
      various forms of =13=: 73.

    =Cement=
      clay, use of, by American Indians =20=: 37.
      used by the Omaha =13=: 287.

    =Cemeteries=
      description of =41=: 548 _sq._
      Indian, paper by D. I. Bushnell, jr. =40=: 18.
      modern, at Hopi pueblos, Arizona, view of =22, i=: LII.
      of Seriland =17=: 289*.
      of Sikyatki =17=: 646-649.
      _See also_ =Burials=; =Graves=; =Mortuary=.

    =Cemetery at Ruin A=, _Black Falls of Little Colorado River_
      description of =22, i=: 53 _sq._
      objects obtained from, description of =22, i=: 54.

    =Cemi=
      invocation to =30=: 351.
      nature of =30=: 169.
      worship of =30=: 137, 168 _sq._
      _See also_ =Zemi=.

    =Cempoalan, Mexico=
      at the conquest =25=: 231.
      ceramic art of =25=: 251.
      material of mounds of =25=: 273.
      name applied to several places =25=: 234.
      ruins of =2=: XV; =25=: XXVIII.
      ruins of buildings of =25=: 236-243.
      ruins of, general description of =25=: 233-236.
      _See also_ =Archeological Objects=.

    =Cêngoqedî´na.= _See_ =Eagle Phratry=, _Tlingit_.

    =Cenis=, a Caddo synonym =14=: 1092.

    =Census=
      of Alaska natives =46=: 178, 181.
      of Cherokee =19=: 34, 103, 112, 125, 150, 156 _sq._
      of East Cherokee =19=: 167 _sq._, 172, 176, 179, 180.
      of United States =46=: 322.
      of Yukon =46=: 132, 133.
      refugee Indians in 1862 =5=: 331 _sq._

    =Census, Cherokee=
      in 1825 =5=: 240.
      in 1835 =5=: 289, 377.
      in 1867 =5=: 351.
      in North Carolina in 1849 =5=: 313.
      in North Carolina in 1869 =5=: 314.

    =Census Schedules=, Indian =3=: XXV.

    =Center=, pictographs for =10=: 587.

    =Centipede=
      as basketry design =38=: § 445.
      cure for bite of =42=: 645.

    =Centizpac=, a river in New Galicia =14=: 382.

    =Central Algonquian Languages=
      divisions of =28=: 233.
      examples in comparison with =28=:
        Cheyenne 233.
        Cree 233, 239, 245.
        Menomini 249, 251.
        Ojibwa 245.
        Potawatomi 245.
      reference to =28=: 290.
      relationship with Micmac =28=: 283.

    =Central America=
      bulletin on languages of =30=: 19.
      calendar and antiquities of, papers on =23=: XXXVIII.
      ethnography of =21=: XXIII, XXIV.
      kiâhâ net found in =26=: 143.
      linguistic families of =30=: 87, 100.
      linguistic material from =23=: XXXIV.
      masks of =3=: 104.
      memoir on numeral system of =19=: XLIV, XLV.
      need of investigation in =41=: 105.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 141 _sq._
      ruins of, inscriptions of =19=: 806.
      was a center of aboriginal distribution =3=: 151.
      =See also= =Mexico=.

    =Central American Pottery=
      forms occurring in =20=: 34, 35, 85, 182.
      Florida pottery suggesting =20=: 127.
      functional scope of =20=: 24.
      groups of =20=: 20.
      Gulf Coast ware resembling =20=: 109, 113.

    =Central American Tribes=, languages of, study of =22, i=: XXXI
      _sq._

    =Central Eskimo=
      mention of =46=: 359.
      paper on, by Dr. F. Boas =6=: 399-669.
      population of =7=: 75.
      remarks on paper of F. Boas on =6=: LVI, LVII.
      _See also_ =Eskimo=, _Central_.

    =Central States=, forms of pipes of =20=: 45, 98.

    =Centralization= of Seri body =17=: 138*.

    =Cephaelis Ipecacuanha=, used as an emetic =38=: § 920.

    =Cephalic Index= of the Western Eskimo =46=: 229.

    =Cephalopods=, fossil, veneration for, among the Pueblos =22, i=:
      107 _sq._

    =Cephalopterus Ornatus= =38=: § 566.

    =Ceramic Art=
      form discussed =4=: 444.
      forms, origin of =4=: 269.
      groups of =4=: 369.
      ornament discussed =4=: 444.
      _See also_ =Pottery=.

    =Ceramic Decoration=, relation of, to history =33=: 216.

    =Ceramic Ware.= _See_ =Pottery=.

    =Cercados de los Indios.= _See_ =Dance Plazas=.

    =Cercis Canadensis=, medicinal use of =42=: 665.

    =Cerehu=, seeds used as bells =38=: § 574.

    =Ceremonial=
      acquisition of, not belonging to family =35=: 740.
      cannibal =35=: 1167.
      circuit of the Hopi =15=: 304.
      connected with infancy =11=: 482.
      connected with puberty =11=: 208.
      in the scalp dance =11=: 526.
      objects, Siouan =15=: 172.
      of Comox =35=: 892.
      of cult societies =11=: 75.
      of Dahpike =11=: 503.
      of drinking =38=: § 278.
      of Ghost lodge =11=: 487.
      Siouan =11=: 373, 436, 440.
      stones, description of =15=: 103.
      stones, distribution of =15=: 142.
      stones, made of steatite =15=: 109.
      winter =35=: 342, 560, 564.
      winter, food for =35=: 285, 289, 299.
      _See also_ =Ceremonies=; =Ritual=; =Winter Ceremonial=.

    =Ceremonial Approach=, Wi´-gi-e of =36=: 249 _sqq._

    =Ceremonial Attendant, Leading=, duties of =40=: 41, 249, 251, 253,
      269.

    =Ceremonial Attendants=
      betrayal of deeds of =40=: 259.
      clothing of =40=: 257.
      duties of =40=: 41, 123, 257 _sqq._, 263, 267.
      ideals for conduct of =40=: 249, 251, 257.

    =Ceremonial Baton=
      described and figured =14=: 72 _sq._
      meal, use of, on Moki trails =14=: 488.
      _See also_ =Batons=.

    =Ceremonial Calendar=
      Acoma =47=: 67 _sq._
      Isleta =47=: 289 _sq._
      Zuñi =47=: 512, 534-540.

    =Ceremonial Chamber=
      assembly of dancers in =23=: 458, 459.
      at Four-mile Ruin, mention of =22, i=: 173.
      dancing =23=: 460 _sq._
      of the Zuñi =23=: 597-600.
      preparation of openings into =23=: 476.
      repair of =23=: 227.
      _See also_ =Kiva=.

    =Ceremonial Chart=
      New Holland =4=: 197.
      pictographs in =4=: 194-197.

    =Ceremonial Circuit= of the Hopi =17=: 681.

    =Ceremonial Days=
      in Hopi elaborate festival =21=: 20.
      of the Flute rite at Mishongnovi =19=: 988-993.

    =Ceremonial Fires=
      at celebration of rites =41=: 506 _sq._
      at erection of mound =41=: 499 _sq._, 509.
      fire bowl containing =41=: 504.

    =Ceremonial Forms=, a handicap =36=: 66.

    =Ceremonial Grounds=
      arrangement of =42=: 205-235.
      origin of =42=: 59 _sq._
      seating in =42=: 174-241.
      _See also_ =Busk Ground=.

    =Ceremonial Groups= =47=: 254-274.

    =Ceremonial Houses=
      at Isleta =47=: 209.
      mention of =35=: 738; =42=: 702.

    =Ceremonial Interval=, four days as =35=: 709.

    =Ceremonial Number=
      mention of =47=: 132, 284.
      _See also_ =Four=.

    =Ceremonial Objects=
      Eskimo =18=: 393-421.
      from Florida, collection and study of =18=: XXX, XXXI.
      from Zuñi and Sia, collection and study of =18=: XXXII _sq._,
        XLVII.
      of ivory =46=: 173.
      _See also_ =Axes=; =Batons=; =Celts=; =Collars=; =Knives=;
        =Swallow-sticks=; =Three-pointed Stones=; =Zemis=.

    =Ceremonial Observances=
      in dance, Tewa =24=: 643.
      in double ball, Hopi =24=: 648 _sq._
      in racket, Iowa =24=: 615.
      in racket, Navaho =24=: 435 _sqq._
      in racket, Oglala Dakota =24=: 434 _sq._

    =Ceremonial Organization=
      at Oraibi =47=: 357.
      discussion of =47=: 345 _sq._
      influence of clan on =37=: 204.
      Isleta =47=: 254-274.
      position of, among Pueblo cultures =47=: 345-348.

    =Ceremonial Paraphernalia= of Tusayan, taken by the Navaho =8=: 50.

    =Ceremonial Rooms=
      reference to =28=: 142.
      types of =28=: 150.
      _See also_ =Kihus=; =Kiva=.

    =Ceremonial Slabs=, stone, from Pueblo Viejo ruins, cuts showing
      =22, i=: 185, 186.

    =Ceremonial Smoking=, by the Arapaho =14=: 918.

    =Ceremonial Stones=, description of =13=: 115.

    =Ceremonial Uses=
      influence of, on decoration of pottery =20=: 64, 65, 67, 100.
      influence of, on forms of pottery =20=: 62.
      pottery for, eastern United States =20=: 24, 25, 34, 36 _sq._
      pottery for, Florida Peninsula =20=: 119.
      pottery for, Middle Mississippi Valley province =20=: 83.
      pottery for, South Appalachian province =20=: 138.
      _See also_ =Mortuary=; =Mythology=; =Religion=.

    =Ceremonialism=
      phases of =47=: 63, 125.
      Zuñi =47=: 507 _sqq._

    =Ceremonials=
      memorizing of =36=: 67.
      of Siouan tribes =15=: 174.
      of the Hopi =15=: 251.
      of the hunt, Zuñi =2=: 33.
      theistic, of Siouan Indians =15=: 184.
      Zuñi, character of =13=: 375.
      Zuñi, orientation in =13=: 370.

    =Ceremonies=
      accompanying kiva construction =8=: 115, 118.
      affected by United States Government =47=: 58.
      after burial =47=: 249 _sq._
      aliens excluded from =47=: 206.
      appearance of katcinas in =21=: 15.
      Arapaho Peyote =37=: 415-419.
      begging =37=: 387.
      Cochiti, of purification =47=: 531.
      connected with burials =42=: 389-398.
      connected with food gathering =45=: 453.
      connected with new corn =44=: 262.
      connected with relation of myths =11=: 369.
      connected with Tusayan house building =8=: 100-104, 168.
      curing =47=: 339 _sq._, 531 _sq._, 533.
      development of =19=: LXXVIII _sq._
      diffusion of =40=: 547, 548.
      duties of governor at =47=: 55.
      ends served by =47=: 63.
      five aspects of =47=: 508.
      for healing the sick =44=: 258.
      for rain =47=: 82 _sqq._, 330 _sq._, 514 _sq._, 530, 540, 886.
      four types of =37=: 317.
      in honor of masks =47=: 854 _sqq._
      Isleta =47=: 290-340.
      Ḳi´noⁿ =43=: 33 _sq._
      Ḳi´noⁿ, purpose of =43=: 36.
      moiety transfer =47=: 330.
      monthly =42=: 522, 534.
      object of =47=: 140.
      of adornment =45=: 554 =sq.=
      of approach to House of Mystery =45=: 707-710.
      of blowing on symbolic skins =45=: 544-547.
      of conducting the Xo´-ḳa =43=: 67.
      of Corn group =47=: 290-300.
      of crowning warriors =42=: 420.
      of decorating the Xo´-ḳa =43=: 33 _sq._; =45=: 703-707.
      of drinking cassine =42=: 300.
      of “first fruits” =45=: 290 _sq._, 357.
      of general cleansing =47=: 307-314.
      of Horned Serpent =47=: 301 _sq._
      of hunt chief =47=: 336 sq.
      of inducting war chief into office =42=: 299 _sq._
      of initiation =45=: 684; =47=: 48 _sqq._, 71-75, 99, 112 _sqq._,
        263, 315 _sqq._, 478, 540 _sq._, 795-803, 975-980.
      of installing cacique =47=: 44.
      of installing war chiefs =47=: 46.
      of Kiowa, study of =18=: XLIV _sqq._
      of making symbolic moccasins =36=: 239-242; =45=: 699-703.
      of Medicine dance =37=: 362-374.
      of medicine societies =47=: 109, 265, 301, 529, 531 _sq._, 533
        _sq._
      of name-giving =42=: 102.
      of naming child =47=: 133.
      of Night feast =37=: 329-343.
      of peace making =42=: 441 _sqq._
      of Pueblo Indians =14=: 544, 550, 573.
      of return of war party =37=: 158.
      of Salt Woman =47=: 336.
      of sending =36=: 91, 155 _sq._
      of shaping the moccasin =45=: 547 _sq._
      of Soldier’s dance =37=: 385.
      of stepping over grave =37=: 151.
      of the Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 176-197.
      of the Flathead =45=: 386, 389, 394.
      of the moon =47=: 330.
      of the Peyote cult =33=: 105.
      of the Tiguex Indians =14=: 595.
      of throwing out buckskins =37=: 431, 513, 544.
      of wake =37=: 141-144.
      of weaving mat for shrines =45=: 687-693.
      Omaha, at death =3=: 229, 233.
      Omaha, on the fifth day after birth =3=: 245.
      orientation in =47=: 529.
      painting =36=: 242.
      paraphernalia of =47=: 856-864.
      performed at placing of Zuñi ladders =8=: 160.
      personation of gods in =21=: 13.
      plants used in =30=: 87-100.
      preliminary, of the Ni’-ki degree =36=: 153 _sq._
      Pueblo, studied by Dr. J. W. Fewkes =14=: 359.
      rôle played in, by clans =47=: 39.
      scalp =47=: 326-329.
      solstice =47=: 219, 290-300.
      summer, object of =47=: 539 _sq._
      time given to =47=: 476.
      time of, set by cacique =47=: 41.
      use of drums in, by American aborigines =20=: 34.
      use of pipes in, eastern United States =20=: 44.
      usual form of =47=: 507.
      Wa-the´-the, the sending =43=: 38 _sqq._
      winter, object of =47=: 539.
      _See also_ =Dances=; =Dedication=; =Katcinas=; =Rain-making=;
        =Rites=; =Rituals=.

    =Ceremonies, Snake=, memoir on =16=: 267-312.

    =Cereso=, _Father_, cited =30=: 137.

    =Cereus Giganteus.= _See_ =Saguaro=.

    =Cereus sp.=, eaten by Guiana Indians =38=: § 247.

    =Cereus Thurberii.= _See_ =Pitahaya=.

    =Ceron=, distribution of slaves by =25=: 23.

    =Cerrito=, population of =26=: 21.

    =Certificate= of Tshekat-shakemau =14=: 45.

    =Cervantes=, a Spanish soldier =14=: 503.

    =Cessions of Land=
      by Indians =2=: XXIII.
      by Indians, in Indiana =1=: 257.
      mention of =1=: XXVII, 249.
      original and secondary =1=: 156.

    =Cevola.= _See_ =Cibola=.

    =Ch’=, phonetic value of =16=: 218, 226.

    =Cha= land cessions and reservations =18=: 786.

    =Ch’ab=, meaning of =16=: 253.

    =Chabin= day symbol discussed =16=: 252.

    =Chábin=, an Assiniboin division =15=: 161.

    =Chac=
      a Maya rain god =16=: 208, 238.
      definition of =16=: 226, 251.
      symbol in Dresden Codex =16=: 225 _sq._

    =Chacbolay=, meaning of =16=: 226.

    =Chachihuitlicue= =1=: 237.

    =Chackinil=, definition of =16=: 261.

    =Chaco Canyon, New Mexico=
      archeological work in =37=: 4.
      declared a national monument =28=: 18.
      excavations in =44=: 9.
      implements found in =24=: 648.
      work done in =45=: 6.

    =Chaco Ruins=
      and old world ruins compared. =16=: 80.
      character of =8=: 14, 70.
      compared with Kin-tiel =8=: 92.
      comparison with Casa Grande =13=: 186.
      finish of masonry of =8=: 140, 226.
      finish of woodwork of =8=: 149, 184.
      loop-holes in walls of =8=: 198.
      symmetry of arrangement of outer opening of =8=: 195.
      upper story, partitions of, supported by beams =8=: 144.

    =Chaco Valley=
      description of =17=: 478, 479.
      mention of =4=: 315.

    =Chadron= builds house =4=: 114.

    =Chaenactis Douglasii= =45=: 473.

    =Chaetophora= =33=: 61.

    =Chaffee=, _Capt._ =A. R.=, Kiowa camp destroyed by =17=: 211.

    =Chageluk=, census =46=: 132.

    =Chahrarat=, Pawnee name of the Sioux =14=: 1057.

    =Chaima Indians=, religious beliefs of the =30=: 118, 139.

    =Chaimiut= =46=: 196, 200.

    =Chain= (_or_ =Connected=) =Mounds=, where found =12=: 536.

    =Chain-twist= pattern of weaving =38=: § 112.

    =Chairs=
      baby’s hanging =38=: § 913.
      lack of, in Pueblo houses =8=: 212.
      of modern form in Zuñi =8=: 213.
      tabooed in Hopi kivas =17=: 626.

    =Cha´`kanĭ´nă=, a Caddo mythic cave =14=: 1093.

    =Chakchiuma=, identical with Ranjel’s Sacchuma =42=: 39.

    =Chakekenapok= in Potawatomi myth =14=: 207.

    =Chakta.= _See_ =Marriage=; =Masks=; =War=.

    =`Cha´kwena=
      action of, with the first rabbit killed =23=: 92.
      arrival of =23=: 140.
      departure of =23=: 140.
      personator of =23=: 140.
      visited by personators of her people =23=: 140.

    =Chalaque=
      De Soto’s visit to =19=: 24, 194.
      _See also_ =Synonymy=; =Tsa´lăgĭ´=.

    =Chalcedony=, formation of =44=: 507.

    =Chalchihuitl=, an Indian amulet =9=: 588-591.

    =Chaleur Bay=, face decoration of Indian women of =10=: 220.

    =Chalit= =46=: 193.

    =Chalitmut=
      ceremonial objects from =18=: 415.
      clothing of people of =18=: 37 _sq._
      condition observed at =18=: 251.
      implements and utensils from =18=: 67, 68, 70, 73, 76, 81, 89,
        105 _sq._, 107, 109, 116, 137, 141, 143, 146, 147, 148, 163,
        164, 168, 195.
      ornaments from =18=: 54, 56, 59, 60, 62.
      shamanistic rites witnessed at =18=: 432.
      tobacco implements from =18=: 274, 278 _sqq._
      toys from =18=: 345.
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 211, 226, 228.

    =Chalk Grade, Owen’s Valley, Calif.=, petroglyphs at =10=: 58, 59.

    =Challam Indians=, illustrations of ornamentation by =6=: 207.

    =Challenge=
      pictographic form of =10=: 362.
      to war =4=: 88.

    =Chalmers, George=, quoted on Maryland’s Indian policy =18=: 569
      _sq._

    =Chalowe=, description of =8=: 83.

    =Chamaesyce Serpyllifolia= =33=: 99.

    =Chamber=
      ceremony with fetishes in =23=: 463.
      position of novices in =23=: 476.

    =Chamberlain=, _Dr._ =Alexander F.=
      acknowledgment to =29=: 12.
      material collected by =36=: 20.
      mention of =46=: 329, 331, 333, 346, 367.
      on hand game, Kutenai =24=: 286 _sq._
      on Mississauga curing wild rice =19=: 1065, 1066.
      on Mississauga threshing wild rice by flailing =19=: 1069.
      on Mississauga wild rice floods =19=: 1063.
      on threshing wild rice in deerskin lined hole =19=: 1068.
      work of =24=: XXVI; =26=: XXIV; =34=: 21.
      _See also_ =Boas, F.=, _and_ =Chamberlain, A. F.=

    =Chamberlain, T. B.=, examination of quarry shops by =15=: 52.

    =Chametko=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 786.

    =Chametla.= _See_ =Chiametla=.

    =Chamita=, on site of Yuqueyunque =14=: 510, 525.

    =Chämnä´=, location of =14=: 739.

    =Chämnä´pûm=, sketch of the =14=: 739.

    =Champayan Lagoon=
      mounds on =26=: XV.
      ruins near =25=: 276.
    =
    Champlain, Samuel de=, cited =7=: 78; =12=: 618; =30=: 20.

    =Champollion=, --, Egyptian negation signed by =16=: 212.

    =Chamuscado, F.=, expedition of =13=: 326.

    =Chamuscado, Sánchez=, Acoma visited by =47=: 25.

    =Chan=, meaning of =16=: 230, 232.

    =Chanabal=
      method of forming numbers above ten =19=: 906.
      number names of =19=: 862.

    =Chanca=, _Doctor_ --
      letter of, discussed =25=: 77.
      on Antillean mortuary customs =25=: 212 _sq._
      on Borinqueños =25=: 208.
      on Carib cannibalism =25=: 50.
      on natives of Guadeloupe =25=: 198 _sq._
      on second voyage of Columbus =25=: 203.
      on the utia =25=: 49.

    =Chance, Sylvester= =46=: 31, 99, 114, 172, 181.

    =Chance=
      influence of, on Seri life and mind =17=: 266*, 267* _sq._
      part played by, in games =19=: LXVIII _sq._
      _See also_ =Games of Chance=.

    =Chandeswar, India=, cup sculptures at =10=: 196.

    =Chanelkai=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =Change=
      of habitat modifies ideas =4=: 370.
      of names, Antillean custom of =25=: 34, 36.
      of residence =38=: § 292.

    =Channing, Edward=, acknowledgment to =14=: 339.

    =Chanter, Navaho= =5=: 385 _sqq._

    =Chanting=
      among Siouan Indians =15=: 184.
      _See also_ =Musical Accompaniments=.

    =Chants=
      in Navaho ceremonial =8=: 245, 246.
      Menomini ceremonial =14=: 78, 79, 86 _sq._, 105.
      of Hek̯äpa’kwe Ca’lako =47=: 762-776.
      of Sayataca =47=: 710-762.

    =Chapin, F. H.=
      cliff ruins visited by =16=: 81.
      on openings of Mancos ruins =16=: 165.
      on kiva decoration =16=: 181.

    =Chapine=, reservation for =18=: 716.

    =Chaplets of Seeds=, events recorded in =42=: 455.

    =Chapman=, _Lieut._ =A. B.=, census of Pima and Maricopa by =26=:
      20 _sq._

    =Chapman, Arthur=, interview of, with Wovoka =14=: 766.

    =Chapman, C. O.=, collection presented by =41=: 116.

    =Chapman, José=, owner of Burton Mound =44=: 57.

    =Chapman=, _Dr._ =J. W.= =46=: 31, 56, 60.

    =Chapman, Joseph=, mention of =42=: 8.

    =Chapman, K. M.=
      acknowledgment to =29=: 38.
      references to =29=: 465, 466.

    =Chapman, Robert H.=, specimens collected by =37=: 30.

    =Chappahsim=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Character=
      of Pueblo art =4=: 266.
      of the Eskimo =18=: 296, 298, 300, 301 _sqq._
      of the Indian =46=: 593-602.
      of the Omaha, summary of =27=: 112 _sqq._
      of the Seri =17=: 83, 85, 92, 95, 96 _sq._, 100 _sq._, 102, 103,
        106.

    =Characterization= of accompanying papers =15=: XCIII.

    =Charcoal=
      deep =46=: 67.
      Eskimo paint made of =18=: 198.
      for painting the face =35=: 899.
      in ancient quarry pits =15=: 65.
      magic power of =28=: 47, 52.
      Navaho method of preparing =2=: 175.
      on warriors’ faces =45=: 644, 646.
      sacred, a symbol of fire =39=: 113.
      sacred, songs relating to =39=: 213, 327.
      sacred, use of =39=: 327.
      sacred, wi´-gi-e of =39=: 214 _sqq._
      use of, in medicine =14=: 136.

    =Charency=, _Le Comte_ =H. de=
      cited =2=: 282.
      cited on Mexican symbolic colors =10=: 625.
      on Aztec number names =19=: 878 _sq._
      on Chiapanecan number names =19=: 874.
      on Chichimecan number “four” =19=: 876.
      on formation of Mayan number names =19=: 865.
      on Mame numerals =19=: 903 _sq._
      on Mexican calendar symbols =3=: 41, 48, 49.
      on Mixtec number names =19=: 872.
      on Opata and Cahita number names =19=: 867.
      on Othomi number names =19=: 873.
      on Quekchi numerals =19=: 901 _sq._
      on Sonoran number names =19=: 868.
      on Shoshone number names =19=: 869, 870.
      on Tarahumare numbers =19=: 923.
      on Tzotzil number names =19=: 863.

    =Charger=
      Blackfeet gentes given by =15=: 219.
      on gentes of Two Kettles =15=: 220.

    =Chargers=, powder, of the Eskimo =18=: 164 _sq._

    =Charity=
      nature of =20=: LXXXIII _sq._
      Omaha =3=: 274.

    =Charles I.=
      charter granted by =18=: 551.
      commission appointed by =18=: 551.

    =Charles II=, respect for proprietary rights under charter shown
      by =18=: 530.

    =Charles=, _Chief_ =Abram=
      material obtained by =38=: p. 7.
      text dictated by =48=: 12.

    =Charleston, S. C.=
      founding of =18=: 630 _sq._
      purchase of land for site of =18=: 631.
      trail to =42=: 751.

    =Charleston, W. Va.=
      mounds near =5=: 51, 53, 55.
      remains below =42=: 755.

    =Charleville=, --, on Cherokee wars =19=: 371.

    =Charlevoix, P. F. X. de=
      of =46=: 329.
      on aboriginal Antilleans =25=: 28, 29.
      on Antillean amulets =25=: 139.
      on Antillean dances =25=: 69.
      on capture of parrots by Antilleans =25=: 50.
      on Carib canoe making =25=: 208.
      on cave of Yobobala =25=: 56.
      on derivation of Moquis =7=: 77.
      on dice games, Huron =24=: 106 _sq._
      on dice games, Iroquois =24=: 113 _sqq._
      on foods of Antilleans =25=: 49 _sq._
      on Fox Indian early habitat =14=: 19.
      on Haitian ceremony for crops =25=: 67.
      on Haitian creation legends =25=: 74.
      on Huron jugglers =14=: 139.
      on implements from Amazon Valley =25=: 93.
      on Jamaican mortuary customs =25=: 71.
      on jugglery =14=: 152 _sq._
      on Menomini use of wild rice =19=: 1048.
      on nature of Green Bay area =19=: 1112.
      on Oto habitat =15=: 195.
      on polygamy among Carib =25=: 48.
      on racket, Miami =24=: 269.
      on stick game, Miami =24=: 231.
      on suicide of Antillean women =25=: 53.
      on the Menomini =14=: 34, 36; =19=: 1107.
      on tossed ball, Miami =24=: 708.
      temple described in journal of =41=: 508 _sq._
      zemis figured by =25=: 156.

    =Charley=, escape, surrender and shooting of =19=: 137, 157, 158.

    =Charlie Hope Stations=, steatite pits at =15=: 132.

    =Charlier, C. V. L.= =46=: 367.

    =Charlotte=, trail through =42=: 778.

    =Charlotte Court House, Va.=, trail from, to Kentucky =42=: 764.

    =Charms=
      against sea monsters =35=: 608.
      animal symbols used as =46=: 412.
      belief in =30=: 180, 181, 197, 233 _sq._, 270; =46=: 495.
      beliefs concerning =45=: 196, 394 _sq._
      blue hellebore used as =35=: 175, 608.
      carried in medicine bags =45=: 193.
      chiton =35=: 650.
      Guiana Indian, in necklaces =38=: § 532, 535.
      hunting, among the Menomini =14=: 67.
      in warfare =45=: 118 _sq._
      lizard used as =35=: 645, 646.
      love, of the Menomini =14=: 154, 155.
      mention of =4=: 201 _sq._
      octopus used as =35=: 649-652.
      of the Eskimo =13=: 115.
      of the Zuñi =2=: 44.
      Peucedanum seed used as =35=: 175, 608.
      plants used as =44=: 375 _sq._; =45=: 505.
      snake tail used as =35=: 649 _sqq._
      to insure crops =44=: 436.
      toad feet used as =35=: 649 _sqq._
      use of =45=: 505.
      use of, in the Southwest =44=: 252.
      used in childbirth =35=: 649 _sqq._
      _See also_ =Binas=; =Kickshaws=; =Medicines=; =Talismans=.

    =Charms and Amulets= =10=: 501-505.

    =Charm Stones from= Sikyatki =17=: 729.

    =Charm Trophies= of the Seri =17=: 259* _sqq._

    =Charmed Suit=, Iroquois tale of =2=: 92.

    =Charnay, Desiré=
      battlemented structure figured by =16=: 246.
      day symbol copied by =16=: 207.

    =Charred Roof Timbers= of Tusayan kiva =8=: 120.

    =Charring=, fabrics preserved by =13=: 35.

    =Charts=
      of geographic features =4=: 157.
      of Omaha kinship =3=: 254.
      tattooed =4=: 86.

    =Chase=,--
      on Klamath arrow-chipping =13=: 142.
      on Oregon bone needles =13=: 117.
      on Oregon ceremonial knives =13=: 116.
      on stone-chipping =13=: 141.

    =Chase, A. W.=
      on shinny, Mikonotunne and Mishikhwutmetunne =24=: 623.
      on stick game, Mikonotunne and Mishikhwutmetunne =24=: 236.

    =Chase=, _Dr._ =William 45=: 35.

    =Chase=
      methods of the =11=: 277, 316.
      usages connected with the =11=: 274.

    =Chase and War=, collection of implements of =3=: 581.

    =Chasing Silver=, Navaho method of =2=: 176.

    =Chasing Hawk=, vision of =14=: 797, 821.

    =Chasm Island, Australia=, petroglyphs in =10=: 161.

    =Chasta=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 796.
      _See also_ =Siletz Reserve=.

    =Chastisement 38=: § 914.

    =Chastity=
      among Guiana Indians =38=: § 733.
      attitude toward violation of =46=: 482.
      considered laudable =40=: 81.
      of captives, violation of =46=: 553.
      Zuñi attitude toward =47=: 875.
      _See also_ =Adultery; Virginity=.

    =Chat.= _See_ =Huhu=.

    =Chata Language=, studied by Prof. O. T. Mason =2=: XXII.

    =Chatard, F. E.=, on African knife =4=: 243.

    =Chatard, T. M.=, on African knife =4=: 243.

    =Chatelain, Heli=, on Angolan folk tales =19=: 442, 446, 447, 450,
      452, 453.

    =Cha’tha=, Arapaho name of the Comanche =14=: 1043.

    =Chatham County, Ga.=, pottery from =20=: 133, 136.

    =Chato, Juan=, fire ritual taught to =47=: 356.

    =Chattahoochee River.=
      Muscogee settled on =42=: 45.
      place of, in Creek migration legend =42=: 39.
      Yuchi settled on =42=: 46.

    =Chattanooga, Tenn.=
      mounds near =5=: 77.
      old Indian towns at =42=: 839.
      trails touching =42=: 750, 839 _sq._

    =Chaudière=
      a Colville synonym =14=: 732.
      _See also_ =Colville Indians=.

    =Chaui Band= of Pawnee Tribe, obtaining of record of Hako ceremony
      from =22, ii=: 13.

    =Chaulpay=, a Colville synonym =14=: 732.

    =Chautauqua Lake, N. Y.=, indications of ancient works on the shores
      of =12=: 505.

    =Chauvignerie=,--
      on Assiniboin habitat =15=: 191.
      on Winnebago habitat =15=: 196.

    =Chavero, Alfredo=
      archeological objects figured by =25=: 256, 280.
      on Mexican and Hindu counting =19=: 875 _sq._
      on Nahuatlan counting =19=: 878.
      on Nahuatlan water symbol =17=: 569.
      on route of Cortés =25=: 244.
      views of, on Mexican symbols =3=: 46, 48, 49, 52, 54, 55.
      work of, concerning symbolism =21=: 13.

    =Chaves, Francisco=
      cat’s cradle furnished by =24=: 770.
      information furnished by =24=: 669, 793.
      on dice games, Keres =24=: 121.
      on quoits, Keres =24=: 724.
      on shinny, Keres =24=: 629.

    =Chaves Pass=
      ruins at =17=: 532, 573.
      turquoise frog from =28=: 131, 144.

    =Chaves Pass Ruins=
      asbestos found at =22, i=: 110 _sq._
      bone implements from, similarity of, to those of Four-mile Ruin
        =22, i=: 164.
      bone implements from, views of =22, i=: 94.
      bowls from, bird designs on, description and figures of =22, i=:
        75, 76.
      bowls from, geometrical figures on, description and figures of
        =22, i=: 84.
      bowls from, quadruped designs on, description and figures of =22,
        i=: 71, 72.
      bowls from, views of =22, i=: XXVIII, XXIX.
      building material used at =22, i=: 33.
      burials at =22, i=: 34.
      cloth fragments discovered at =22, i=: 97.
      collections at, study of =22, i=: XVIII.
      copper bell from, cut showing =22, i=: 111.
      crania from, collection of =22, i=: 34, 110.
      date of work on =22, i=: 17.
      description of =22, i=: 33.
      dog’s skull found at, features of =22, i=: 27.
      gorget from, cut showing =22, i=: 86.
      horn objects from, reference to =22, i=: 96.
      human crania from, collection of =22, i=: 34, 110.
      Kaslin cup from, cut showing =22, i=: 96.
      location of =22, i=: 23, 32.
      matting from =22, i=: 98.
      metates found in graves at =22, i=: 104.
      mosaic ornaments found in =22, i=: 85, 86 _sq._
      pottery from, similarity of, to that from Verde and Gila-Salado
        Valleys =22, i=: 34.
      prayer-sticks from, description of =22, i=: 100.
      shell ornaments from =22, i=: 88, 89, 90, 91, 92.
      skulls from, collection of =22, i=: 34, 110.
      specimens collected at, number of =22, i=: 18.
      stone implements found at =22, i=: 102 _sq._

    =Chavez, Candelaria=, story concerning =47=: 207.

    =Che=, definition of =16=: 260.

    =Cheatham County, Tenn=., remains in =41=: 89, 496.

    =Cheboygan Chippewa=, reservation for =18=: 810.

    =Chechawkose’s Band=, cession of reserve for =18=: 762, 766.

    =Checker=, decorative use of, in Hopi pictures =20=: 83.

    =Checker Designs=
      in stamp decoration, Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 123.
      in stamp decoration, New Jersey-New England pottery =20=: 176,
        177 _sq._
      in stamp decoration, South Appalachian pottery =20=: 133 _sq._
      use of, in color decoration, eastern United States pottery =20=:
        67.
      use of, Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 86.
      _See also_ =Girdle Designs=.

    =Checkers=
      among Northern Indians =11=: 323.
      Indian =24=: 796.

    =Checkerwork= in designs =41=: 248.

    =Checom=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =Checks=, interpretation of, in basketry =41=: 322.

    =Cheek= deformation among Guiana Indians =38=: § 504.

    =Cheeschapahdisch=. _See_ =Cheez-tah-paezh=.

    =Cheese= _See_ =Ki´satc=.

    =Cheese-straw Game 24=: 730.

    =Cheever=,--
      on arrow-chipping in California =13=: 138, 143.
      on Indian stone-chipping =13=: 141.
      on spirally-feathered arrows =13=: 178.

    =Cheez-tah-paezh=
      account of =14=: 706.
      _See also_ =Sword-bearer=.

    =Chegliugh 46=: 176.

    =Chehalis=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 832, 920.
      membership in Shaker church =14=: 759.
      population of =7=: 105.
      Shaker religion among the =14=: 747.

    =Chehalis Reserve=, reservation for =18=: 674.

    =Chehalis Tribe=
      basketry of =41=: 136.
      dialect of =41=: 383.

    =Chehchuh=, reservation for =18=: 674.

    =Cheil=, definition of =16=: 260.

    =Cheirization= of the Seri =17=: 157* _sq._


    =Chekase’s Band=
      cession of reserve by =18=: 758.
      reservation for =18=: 740.

    =Chekilli=
      Creek head chief =42=: 33.
      legend given by =42=: 33-38.
      mention of migration legend by =42=: 576.
      possible meaning of the name =42=: 33.
     speech of, on bison skin =42=: 455.

    =Chekisschee=, a Lower Spokane synonym =14=: 732.

    =Chelahitsa=, _Chief_ =Alexander=, an informant =45=: 263.

    =Chelan=, a Pima chief =26=: 21.

    =Chelan Lake, Wash=.
      petroglyphs at =10=: 33, 122 _sq._
      pictographs at =4=: 26.

    =Chelaque=, identical with Cherokee =5=: 89, 135.

    =Chelly=
      origin of name of =16=: 79.
      _See also_ =Canyon de Chelly=.

    =Chelly Canyon=
      cliff houses in =17=: 578.
      occupied by the Navaho =17=: 483.
      _See also_ =Canyon de Chelly; Tségi=.

    =Chelly Valley=, treaty of =18=: 780.

    =Chemakum Tribe=, basketry of =41=: 136.

    =Chemehuevi=
      a Paiute offshoot =14=: 1048.
      arrow making by the =14=: 275.
      bows of the =14=: 281.
      Ghost dance among the =14=: 805, 814.
      habitat and population of the =7=: 110.
      number names of the =19=: 870, 876, 923, 929.
      stone arrowpoints of the =14=: 283.
      stone chipping by the =14=: 283.
      stone implements of the =14=: 256.

    =Chemi=. _See_ =Zemi=.

    =Chemical Peculiarities=, Eskimo =46=: 366.

    =Chemin= (fem.). _See_ =Cemi; Familiar Spirits=.

    =Chemisez=, Pima village =26=: 21.

    =Chenapodium Murale=, Pima food plant =26=: 73.

    =Chenco= or =Chungke= game =13=: 99.

    =Cheney, T. Apoleon=.
      cited =12=: 506, 543, 548.
      description of burial pits or ossuaries by =12=: 546.

    =Chenko=. _See_ =Chunkey=.

    =Cheno=, land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =Chenopodiaceae 33=: 78.

    =Chenopodium Album 33=: 78.

    =Chenopodium Ambrosioides=, medicinal use of =42=: 657.

    =Chenopodium Botrys 45=: 502, 503.

    =Chenos Island=, reservation of =18=: 756.

    =Cheowa Maximum=, myth concerning =19=: 405.

    =Chequamkako’s Band=
      cession of reserve by =18=: 762.
      reservation for =18=: 742.

    =Cheraw=
      Cherokee relations with =19=: 14, 380.
      pearls found in =42=: 739.
      sketch of =19=: 498.

    =Cherino, Pero Almidez=. _See_ =Almidez=.

    =Cherokee=
      adoption of constitution by =5=: 241, 295.
      alphabet of the =10=: 655.
      aquatic burial of the =1=: 180.
      attack by the, on Coweta =42=: 54.
      baptism among the =26=: 188.
      basketry of the =13=: 16.
      bathing, rubbing and bleeding in medical practices of the =7=:
        333-336.
      battle of, with the Shawnees =10=: 122.
      belief of, concerning comets =42=: 478.
      belief of, concerning springs =41=: 603.
      belief of, concerning the buffalo =41=: 611.
      black pottery of =41=: 522.
      buildings used by, as temples =41=: 501 _sq._
      burnt captives in mounds =12=: 676.
      busk ceremonies of the =42=: 602.
      cedar in mythology of the =14=: 809.
      cessions of land by the =15=: 130, 131.
      charge United States with bad faith =5=: 296.
      collection among the =22: i=: XXXIX.
      conception of the sun =14=: 971.
      connection of, with South Appalachian ware =20=: 143 _sq._
      color symbolism of =7=: 342 _sq._
      cultural distinctions of the =42=: 712.
      customs of the =41=: 608.
      design from basket of =20=: 171.
      exhibit relating to =17=: LVIII.
      field work among the =22, i=: XII.
      final peace with =42=: 61 _sqq._
      financial difficulties of the =5=: 318, 320.
      food of the, eaten cold =42=: 521.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 105.
        hoop and pole 421, 475, 487.
        racket 562, 563, 574-588.
      gods of the, and their abiding places =7=: 340 _sqq._
      Gordon people driven out by =41=: 556.
      habitat and population of the =7=: 78 _sqq._
      habitat of the =20=: 142, 143, 159.
      jurisdiction of the =5=: 369.
      known by North Carolina and Virginia settlers =5=: 138, 139.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 630, 633, 634, 639, 652, 660,
        668 _sqq._, 672 _sqq._, 680, 682, 684, 696, 720, 744 _sqq._,
        754, 778, 840, 848, 878, 886, 888, 918, 920, 946.
      lands purchased from =27=: 57.
      linguistic relationship of =20=: 142; 42: 712.
      linguistic work among the =10=: XV _sq._
      manuscripts of, containing sacred medical and other formulas,
        character and age of =7=: 307 _sq._
      map made by =10=: 341.
      material prosperity among the =5=: 260.
      meaning and derivation of name =19=: 182 _sq._
      medical practice of the, list of plants used in =7=: 324-327.
      Medicine dance of the =7=: 337.
      medicines of the =42=: 666.
      memoir on myths of =19=: XXXVII _sqq._, 3-548.
      memorials of the, in Congress =5=: 275, 277, 289.
      migration of the =5=: 136.
      modern manufacture of pottery of the =20=: 20, 52, 53-56, 71,
        130, 131 _sq._, 142, 173.
      modern pottery of the =20=: 134, 143 _sq._
      mound builders =12=: 175.
      myth of the cedar =14=: 979.
      mythology of the =24=: 563, 578, 580.
      myths of the =21=: XXIX; =22, i=: XXXIV _sq._
      new treaty proposed in 1854 by the =5=: 320.
      paper on sacred formulas of, by J. Mooney =7=: 301-397.
      peace pipe of the =14=: 1063.
      pictographs of the =4=: 33.
      pipes made by the =42=: 704, 736.
      political excitement in 1860 among the =5=: 324.
      Ponca name for the =27=: 103.
      population of the =5=: 142, 377, 378.
      potter’s paddles of the =10=: 665.
      pottery of the =4=: 371.
      power of Shawano prophet among the =14=: 676.
      probably mound builders =5=: 60, 87-107.
      progress in civilization of the =5=: 240.
      proportion of warriors to population =14=: 33.
      proposed removal of =5=: 202.
      proposition of the, to become citizens =5=: 274.
      protest against claims in Georgia =5=: 272.
      references to customs of the =11=: 369.
      references to relationship terms of the =42=: 96.
      removals of the =5=: 214-218, 222, 228, 254, 258, 260, 292, 341.
      religion of the =7=: 319.
      resemblance of Pamunkey pottery to that of =20=: 152.
      rotunda (Tcokofa) of, description of =42=: 178 _sq._

      sacred formulas of the =36=: 12.
      sacred regard of, for the crow =14=: 982.
      sacred regard of, for the eagle =14=: 1100.
      situation of, west of Mississippi =5=: 221, 292, 293.
      social divisions among the =42=: 695.
      studies of fraternities, cults, and myths of =19=: XXVI, XLVII.
      study of works of =11=: XXVI.
      symbolic colors of the =11=: 532.
      symbolic use of colors by =10=: 624-634.
      the Southern Confederacy and the =5=: 326, 332, 333, 342.
      trade of the =42=: 736.
      treaties with the =5=: 133-178.
      treaty of 1866 with loyal =5=: 346.
      treaty of 1868 concluded with the Southern =5=: 346.
      treaty relations of, with the United States =5=: 152.
      tribal tradition of the =17=: 142.
      type of buildings of =42=: 191.
      unification of eastern and western =5=: 294.
      use of fabrics by the, in pottery manufacture =20=: 71.
      war against the =42=: 773 _sqq._
      war color of the =10=: 631.
      war with the =5=: 170.
      weaving by the =13=: 23.
      work among the, of James Mooney =34=: 13.
      work on language of the =10=: XIX.
      works on myths of the =20=: XXII _sq_.

    =Cherokee and Creek=, boundary disputes =5=: 266.

    =Cherokee and Osage=, difficulties between =5=: 242.

    =Cherokee and Tallegwi=, relation of =5=: 60.

    =Cherokee, East=, investigations among =33=: 17.

    =Cherokee Advocate=
      establishment of =19=: 111, 112.
      myths published by =19=: 272 _sq_., 449, 450.
      on treaty with South Carolina =19=: 31.
      on Western Cherokee history =19=: 146.
      revival of (1870) =19=: 147, 151.

    =Cherokee Agency=
      attempt to annul treaty of =19=: 104.
      proposal made at treaty of =19=: 113.
      treaties of =19=: 102, 120.

    =Cherokee Almanac=, establishment of =19=: 112.

    =Cherokee Ball-play Dance 24=: 600 _sq_.

    =Cherokee Boundaries 42=: 758.

    =Cherokee Boundary of 1875=, dissatisfaction with =5=: 160.

    =Cherokee Boy=, reservation for =18=: 690.

    =Cherokee Census=
      in 1825 =5=: 240.
      in 1835 =5=: 289, 377.
      in 1867 =5=: 351.

    =Cherokee Cessions= to the United States, area of =5=: 378.

    =Cherokee Citizenship 5=: 367.

    =Cherokee Clans=
      equated with Natchez clans =42=: 118.
      listed by J. Mooney =42=: 118.

    =Cherokee Confederate Regiment=, desertion of =5=: 329.

    =Cherokee Constitution 5=: 374, 375.

    =Cherokee Country=, boundaries of =5=: 205, 354, 365.

    =Cherokee Formulas=
      paper on, by James Mooney =41=: 56.
      _See also_ =Cherokee Sacred Formulas=.

    =Cherokee Hostilities 5=: 170, 173.

    =Cherokee Indians=. _See_ =Cherokee=.

    =Cherokee Lands=
    appraisal of, west of 96° =5=: 361.
    cession and sale of =5=: 348.
    purchase of =5=: 210.
    removal of white settlers from =5=: 322, 323.

    =Cherokee Messenger=, establishment of =19=: 112.

    =Cherokee Nation=
      political murders in =5=: 297, 303.
      researches in =28=: 12 _sq_.

    =Cherokee Nation of Indians=, by C. C. Royce =5=: XLII-XLIV,
      121-378.

    =Cherokee Neutral Land=
    cession of =18=: 840, 848.
    grant of =18=: 754.

    =Cherokee Outlet=
    cession of =18=: 840, 888, 946.
    establishment of =19=: 124, 139, 142.

      grant of =18=: 888, 946.
      _See also_ =Cherokee Strip=.

    =Cherokee Path=
      to Virginia =42=: 752 _sq._
      _See also_ =Old Cherokee Path=.

    =Cherokee Phoenix=
      establishment of =19=: 111, 112, 217 _sq._
      on Sequoya’s ancestry =19=: 108.
      suppression of =19=: 123.

    =Cherokee Sacred Formulas=
      collected by James Mooney =37=: 7 _sqq._
      for ague and fever =7=: 359-363.
      for ball play =7=: 395 _sqq._
      for biliousness =7=: 365 _sq._
      for childbirth =7=: 363 _sq._
      for destroying an enemy =7=: 391-395.
      for finding something =7=: 386 _sq._
      for going to war =7=: 388-391.
      for hunting and fishing =7=: 369-375.
      for inspiring love =7=: 375-384.
      for killing a witch =7=: 384 _sqq._
      for neuralgia =7=: 356-359.
      for ordeal diseases =7=: 367 _sqq._
      for preventing a storm =7=: 387 _sq._
      for rheumatism =7=: 345-351.
      for snake bites =7=: 351 _sqq._
      for worms =7=: 353-356.
      language of =7=: 343 _sq._
      notice of paper on =7=: XXXIX _sq._

    =Cherokee Settlements in Tennessee 42=: 749.

    =Cherokee Strip=
      cession of =19=: 153.
      establishment of =19=: 124, 139, 142.
      settlement of other Indians on =19=: 150, 151.
      _See also_ =Cherokee Outlet=.

    =Cherokee Towns=, trails from =42=: 841.

    =Cherokee Trace=, mention of =42=: 822 _sq._

    =Cherokee Traders’ Path 42=: 777.

    =Cherokee War=, mention of =42=: 339.

    =Cherokee Western Outlet 5=: 246, 248.

    =Cherokee, mention of =3=: XXV.

    =Cherouse, E. C.=
      material collected by =24=: 156-253.
      on stick game, Snohomish =24=: 253 _sq._

    =Cherry=
      belief concerning =45=: 509.
      use of =45=: 488, 499.
      wild, beverage made from =44=: 317.
      wild, in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 282.
      wild, medicinal use of =43=: 264.
      wild, use of =44=: 291.
      _See also_ =Prunus Serotina=.

    =Cherry Bark=, use of =45=: 497, 498.

    =Cherry Hill, Tenn=., trail forked at =42=: 849.

    =Cherry Pond Mountain=, trail =42=: 770.

    "=Cherrybird=,” carving of the =2=: 145.

    =Chert=
      colors of =44=: 506.
      Eskimo implement made of =18=: 113.
      formation of =44=: 505.
      geological distribution of =44=: 506 _sq._
      leaf-shaped implement of =41=: 521.
      not adapted to pecking =15=: 96.
      origin and character of =44=: 505 _sq._
      use of name =44=: 505, 532.
      varieties of =44=: 507.
      _See also_ =Chert Quarries=; =Flint=.

    =Chert Quarries= at Mill Creek =44=: 530 _sq._

    =Chesapeake Bay=
      archeologic work on =13=: XXVI; =15=: XXI.
      archeologic remains on =15=: XXVIII.
      study of archeology of =15=: XXV.

    =Chesapeake Branch= of Great Indian Warpath =42=: 758.

    =Chesapeake-Potomac Province=
      location of =15=: 20.
      memoir on stone implements of =15=: 13.

    =Chesapeake Valley=, occurrence of Iroquoian ware in =20=: 164.

    =Cheschopah=. _See_ =Cheez-tah-paezh=.

    =Chese-cha-pahdish=. _See_ =Cheez-tah-paezh=.

    =Chese-Topah=. _See_ =Cheez-tah-paezh=.

    =Chesholm, J. D.=, reservation for =18=: 671, 674.

    =Chest=, in western Eskimo =46=: 244, 249, 253.

    =Chest Ornaments= of Guiana Indians =38=: § 537.


    =Chester, E. W.=, instructed as to treaty with the Cherokee =5=:
      205.

    =Chester, Greville J=., specimens collected by =34=: 80.

    =Chesterfield=, _Lord_, on gestures of orators =1=: 311.

    =Chestnut=
      leaves of, medicinal use of =43=: 265.
      pudding, making of =32=: 188.

    =Chestnuts=
      guarded by wizards =32=: 201.
      journey to secure =32=: 150, 207, 216.
      use of, as food =32=: 148, 187, 199, 503.

    =Cheukunsene=. _See_ =Kunnesee=.

    =Chevereah, Juan=, Maricopa head chief =26=: 21.

    =Chevlon Fork=, reference to =28=: 220.

    =Chevlon Pass=, work at =17=: XLVI.

    =Chevlon Ruins=
      armlets from, figures of =22, i=: 89, 90.
      asphalt found at =22, i=: 111.
      basketry from, coiled type, cut showing =22, i=: 99.
      basketry from, Oraibi type, cut showing =22, i=: 98.
      bird figures on pottery from =22, i=: 73.
      bird-shaped vessel from, figurine showing =22, i=: 68.
      bird-snake vase from, figure showing =22, i=: 68.
      bone awls from, reference to =22, i=: 94.
      bow and arrows from, reference to =22, i=: 100.
      bowl from, bison design on, description and figure of =22, i=: 72.
      bowls from, bird figures on, description and figures of =22, i=:
        74, 77 _sq._, 79.
      bowls from, geometrical designs on, description and figure of =22,
        i=: 83 _sq._, 85.
      bowls from, rain-cloud symbols on, character of =22, i=: 73 _sq._,
        156.
      bowls from, rain-cloud symbols on, figure showing =22, i=: 74.
      burial place at =22, i=: 32.
      collection from, study of =22, i=: XVIII.
      crania from =22, i=: 110.
      cups from, figures showing =22, i=: 65, 66.
      date of work on =22, i=: 17.
      duck-shaped vessel from, figure of =22, i=: 67.
      ear pendants from, cuts showing =22, i=: 86, 87.
      human crania from, collection of =22, i=: 110.
      ladle from, figure showing =22, i=: 62, 63.
      lignite ornament from =22, i=: 87.
      location of =22, i=: 23, 30 _sqq._
      matting from, abundance of =22, i=: 97, 98.
      metates found in graves at =22, i=: 104.
      mosaic ornaments from =22, i=: 85, 86.
      mug from, figures showing =22, i=: 66.
      objects obtained from, number and character of =22, i=: 18, 23.
      ornaments, mosaic, found at =22, i=: 85, 86.
      ornaments, shell, from =22, i=: 88, 89, 90, 91, 92.
      prayer stick from, exceptional character of =22, i=: 100.
      rattle from, made from Conus shell, cut showing =22, i=: 91.
      reference to =28=: 139.
      shell objects from, figures showing =22, i=: 92.
      skulls from =22, i=: 110.
      stone implements found at =22, i=: 102, 103.
      stone-slab, with rain-cloud design, from =22, i=: 104 _sq._
      turtle carapaces from =22, i=: 95, 96.

    =Chevron=
      appearance of, in symbolism of Woe =21=: 66, 67.
      as an element in design =41=: 244, 253.
      in Hopi pictures =21=: 77, 79, 101, 119.
      interpretation of =41=: 312 _sq._

    =Chevron Designs=
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 90.
      _See also_ =Decoration=.

    =Chewelah=
      a division of the Kalispel =45=: 312.
      country occupied by the =45=: 312 _sq._
      some chiefs of the =45=: 378.
      supposed origin of the =45=: 321.

    =Chewing= of tobacco by the Eskimo =18=: 271 _sq._

    =Chewing Gum=
      root used for =30=: 68.
      used by the Pima =26=: 78.

    =Cheyenne=
      absence of clans among the =14=: 956; =17=: 227.
      and Kiowa warfare =14=: 1079.
      and Sioux early warfare =14=: 1059.
      Arapaho warrior order derived from =14=: 988.
      attack of Kiowa by =17=: 271.
      Bent’s recommendation as to =17=: 183.
      burial case of the =1=: 162, 163.
      burial lodges of the =1=: 154.
      ceremonial arrows of the =13=: 116.
      character of the =17=: 234.
      chronology of the =17=: 234.
      considered aberrant Algonquian =47=: 3.
      dance with Kiowa of the =17=: 379.
      delegates, visit of, to Wovoka =14=: 774, 778, 817, 894, 900, 901.
      description of village of the =17=: 183.
      destruction of village of the =17=: 187.
      effect of Porcupine’s visit on the =14=: 819.
      fires built by the, in Ghost dance =14=: 921.
      first acquaintance of the Kiowa with the =17=: 153.
      Flathead name for the =45=: 302.
      former habitat of the =14=: 1029.
      friendly overtures from the =17=: 179.
      games of the =24=:
        archery 384.
        basket game 59 _sq._
        dice games 54, 58-61, 126.
        double ball 647, 649.
        hand and foot ball 705 _sq._
        hand game 269, 276.
        hoop and pole 429 _sq._, 442, 445 _sq._, 507.
        popgun 758.
        racket 563.
        ring and pin 529, 530-533.
        shinny 619 _sq._
        snow-snake 400 _sq._
        tops 734.
      Ghost dance among the =14=: XXXIX, 653, 786, 802, 817, 895, 915,
        926, 927.
      Ghost dance doctrine spread by =14=: 902.
      Ghost dance studies =13=: XXXII.
      glossary of the =14=: 1039.
      heraldry of the =23=: XVII.
      hostilities with the, in 1867 and 1868 =17=: 183, 186.
      hostilities of the, in 1874. =17=: 202, 252.
      hunting ground of the =27=: 89.
      Kiowa friendliness toward the =17=: 168.
      Kiowa hostility to the =17=: 156, 157, 160, 273.
      Kiowa peace with the =17=: 172, 275.
      knowledge of Messiah among the =14=: 894.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 786, 824, 838, 846, 848, 852,
        856, 888, 918, 940 _sqq._
      language of the, study of =14=: XLI.
      massacre of the, by Chivington =17=: 180.
      massacre of the, by the Kiowa =17=: 271.
      measles among the =17=: 342.
      medicine wheel from the =24=: 437.
      mention of the =4=: 101, 115, 118, 132, 133, 134, 139, 141, 142,
        144.
      murder of party of the =19=: 209.
      myths of the =19=: 229, 441, 443, 449, 452, 465 _sq._
      name of the, in sign language =45=: 148.
      name of the Arapaho =14=: 953.
      name of the Cheyenne =14=: 1043.
      name of the Kiowa Apache =14=: 1081.
      name of the Sioux =14=: 1057.
      Navaho hostility toward the =17=: 301.
      notion concerning thunder =14=: 969.
      Omaha attack on the =27=: 87.
      Omaha contact with the =27=: 73.
      Omaha name for the =27=: 102.
      opening of lands of the =17=: 278.
      outbreak of 1874 by the =17=: 200.
      party to peace treaty =27=: 74, 218, 376.
      peace council participated in by the, in 1872 =17=: 190.
      planned uprising among the =17=: 176.
      population of the =14=: 1025.
      possession of Black Hills by the =17=: 157, 166.
      prisoners, deportation to Florida of =17=: 213.
      raids in Texas by the =17=: 177.
      refusal of Kiowa alliance by the =17=: 190.
      religion of the =14=: 775.
      researches among the =24=: XVI _sq._; =25=: XIII _sq._
      reservation experience of the =14=: 833.
      sacred medicine of the =17=: 242.
      scouts in Sioux outbreak =14=: 867, 881.
      sketch of the =14=: 1024.
      skulls, vault of =48=: 7.
      slaughter of Pawnee Indians by the =17=: 175.
      smallpox among the =17=: 311.
      songs of the =14=: 1028.
      status of the, in 1859 =17=: 182.
      study of the =15=: LXXII, LXXX.
      surrender of the, in 1875 =17=: 211, 212.
      sword-bearer among the =14=: 706.
      symbolic representation of the =14=: 706.
      synonymy of the =14=: 1023.
      torture of captives by the =17=: 203.
      traders among the =17=: 318.
      treaty agreement of 1865 by the =17=: 179.
      treaty of 1865 with the =17=: 180.
      treaty of 1866 with the =17=: 183.
      tribal divisions of the =14=: 1025.
      tribal medicine of the =19=: 503.
      tribal signs for the =1=: 464.
      wars with the =45=: 365.
      _See also_ =Cheyenne Indians=; etc.; =Southern Cheyenne=.

    =Cheyenne Agency=
      charts at =4=: 94.
      cross =4=: 252.
      fight near =4=: 102.
      pictograph letter =4=: 160 _sq._
      symbol for =4=: 123, 166, 172 _sq._

    =Cheyenne and Arapaho Shields=, paper on, by James Mooney =41=: 56.

    =Cheyenne Division= of Algonquian languages, relationship of =28=:
      229, 289.

    =Cheyenne Indians=
      letter writing by the =10=: 363 _sq_.
      name for the =29=: 573.
      tribal designations of the =10=: 382 _sq_.
      visit of the, to Washington =34=: 28.
      _See also_ =Cheyenne=; etc.

    =Cheyenne Language=
      consonantic clusters in =28=: 284.
      description of =28=: 232 _sqq._
      inanimate plural of nouns =28=: 274.
      pronunciation of =28=: 226.
      reference to =28=: 225.
      relationship of =28=: 22, 237, 274, 280, 286.
      _See also_ =Northern Cheyenne=.

    =Cheyenne River Agency=
      delegates from, to Washington =14=: 891.
      delegates from, to Wovoka =14=: 820.
      Indians of, in Sioux outbreak =14=: 885.
      table of rations at =14=: 839.
      waning of Ghost dance at =14=: 846.

    =Cheyenne River Reserve=
      change in =18=: 938.
      establishment of =18=: 932.

    =Cheyenne Tribe=
      habitat of the =7=: 48, 109.
      population of the =7=: 49.
      treaty cited =7=: 114.

    =Cheyenne War= with General Mackenzie =4=: 146.

    =Chi=, definition of =16=: 243.

    =Chia=
      Indian village mentioned by Jaramillo =14=: 587.
      mention of road to =14=: 587.
      villages of, cannon deposited in =14=: 503.
      _See also_ =Sia=.

    =Chiaha=
      a Lower Creek Red town =42=: 126, 255.
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201, 204.

      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 229 _sqq._, 279, 280.
      bison dance held by =42=: 528.
      busk ceremonial of =42=: 603.
      clan councils of =42=: 126.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 193, 194.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 161.
      dances of, description of =42=: 551-554.
      fire making at busk of =42=: 555.
      mention of =42=: 324.
      position of beds at =42=: 199.
      Spanish visits to =19=: 23, 24, 26, 28, 197, 199, 200.

    =Chiaha Seminole=
      a Red town =42=: 127, 257.
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201-204.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 234 _sq._, 292.
      clan councils of =42=: 127.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 193, 194.
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 161 _sq._
      house at, for ceremonial objects =42=: 186.
      plan of ceremonial ground of =42=: 235, 293.
      position of beds at =42=: 199.

    =Chiametla=
      appointment of Trejo in =14=: 500.
      death of Samaniego at =14=: 383, 480, 547.
      desertion of =14=: 383.

    =Chiapanec=, number names of =19=: 874, 878.

    =Chiapas=, ruins of, inscriptions of =19=: 806.

    =Chiaroscuro=, development of =19=: LXXVI.

    =Chibcha=
      method of forming numbers =19=: 918.
      symbols used by the =10=: 615 _sq._

    =Chibukak 46=: 210.

    =Chic=, day symbol, discussed =16=: 254.

    =Chicago=
      cession of site of =18=: 656.
      occurrence of Middle Mississippi Valley pottery near =20=: 80.
      origin of name =14=: 238.
      treaties of =18=: 702 _sqq._, 750.
      _See also_ =World’s Columbian Exposition=.

    =Chicago Tribune=, wild rice harvesting illustration published in
      =19=: 1057.

    =Chicagua Rapids, Venezuela=, petroglyphs at =10=: 148 _sqq._

    =Chicasa=
      join the Na’htchi =7=: 96.
      population of the =7=: 95.

    =Chicchan= day symbol discussed =16=: 229, 238, 241.

    =Chich=, phonetic value of =16=: 233.

    =Chichan=, meaning of =16=: 232.

    =Chichen-Itza=, inscription at, symbols from, description and
      figures of =22, i=: 300.

    =Chichilticale=, description of =13=: 295.

    =Chichilticalli=
      Coronado’s description of =14=: 554.
      description of =14=: 516.
      described by Jaramillo =14=: 584.
      described by Mota Padilla =14=: 487.
      first sight of, by Coronado =14=: 387.
      identification of =26=: 26.
      limit of Diaz’s exploration =14=: 303.
      references to =28=: 53, 54.
      visit of Diaz to =14=: 480.
      visit of Friar Marcos to =14=: 475.

    =Chichimecas=
      Mexican Indian =14=: 529.
      Mexican word for braves =14=: 524.

    =Chichiñagamut=
      conditions observed at =18=: 251 _sq._
      implements from =18=: 139 _sq._
      shamanistic rites observed at =18=: 431.

    =Chichinak= =46=: 193.

    =Chicholm, Jesse=, interpreter at treaty of 1865 =17=: 180.

    =Chickadee=, myths concerning =19=: 285 _sq._, 319, 454, 468.

    =Chickahominy=
      discovery of remnants of =22, i=: XII.
      grant of land to =18=: 567.
      massacre by =18=: 564.

    =Chickamauga Band=
      declaration of war by, in 1792 =19=: 71, 72.
      emigration of =5=: 150, 151.
      hostility of, in 1875-1894 =19=: 62-67, 70, 72-78.
      origin of =19=: 54.

    =Chickamauga Gulch=, pseudo myth concerning =19=: 413 _sq._

    =Chickamauga Path= =42=: 848 _sqq._

    =Chickamauga Town, Old=, trail of =42=: 750.

    =Chickamauga Towns=
      destruction of =19=: 55, 78 _sq._
      expedition against =19=: 60.

    =Chickasaw=
      a stockaded town =42=: 438.
      and Kasihta, friendship of =42=: 51.
      adoption among the =42=: 705.
      adultery punished by the =42=: 697.
      association of the, with Creeks =42=: 590.
      ball-game of the =14=: 129.
      beliefs and usages of the =44=: 169-273.
      beliefs of the =42=: 482, 497, 513, 710.
      burial customs of the =42=: 389.
      ceremony of the, on return of war party =42=: 421 _sqq._
      collection of information regarding the =40=: 5.
      cultural relationships of the =42=: 712.
      customs of the =42=: 358 _sq._, 424, 700, 702, 706.
      deerskins worn by the =42=: 682.
      distinct origin of the =42=: 260.
      divisions of day among the =42=: 398 _sq._
      dwellings of the =42=: 687, 688.
      final location of the =44=: 175.
      greetings of the =42=: 450.
      hair dressing of the =42=: 684.
      head flattening among the =42=: 687.
      introduction of smallpox by the =17=: 275.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 559 _sq._, 636, 650, 660,
        668, 682, 694, 738, 752, 764 _sqq._, 788, 794, 806 _sqq._, 840.
      land cessions by the =19=: 86.
      lands claimed by the =42=: 811.
      legendary origin of the =42=: 50, 55 _sq._
      map of land ceded by the =42=: 815.
      marriage customs of the =42=: 368 _sqq._
      medical practices of the =42=: 622.
      mention of the =42=: 35, 39.
      mourning customs of the =42=: 383.
      name of the, for deity =42=: 482.
      names given by the, to the seasons =42=: 400.
      names of the, for supernatural beings =42=: 481.
      Natchez among the =19=: 386.
      of Muskhogean stock =42=: 677.
      part of the, given refuge by the Creeks =42=: 46.
      physical type of the =42=: 677.
      preparation of paper on =42=: 7; =44=: 4.
      priesthood of the =42=: 620.
      publication on subject of the =45=: 2.
      punishment among the, for adultery =42=: 349.
      racket game among the =24=: 597.
      resemblance of the, to the Creeks =44=: 173.
      sketch of the =19=: 499, 500.
      social divisions among the =42=: 695.
      stools used by the =42=: 689.
      traditional separation of the, from Choctaw =44=: 177.
      traditional western origin of the =44=: 175.
      traditions of origin of the =42=: 40.
      trail used by the =42=: 811.
      treaty with Virginia and North Carolina by the =19=: 63.
      war of the, with the Creeks =42=: 51.
      war of the, with the Shawnee =42=: 811.
      witchcraft among the =42=: 633 _sq._
      _See also_ =Chickasaw Indians=.

    =Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Cherokee=, boundary between =5=: 205.

    =Chickasaw Bluffs=
      road to =42=: 822.
      treaty of =18=: 660.

    =Chickasaw Council House=, treaty of =18=: 682; =19=: 98.

    =Chickasaw Country=, three districts of =44=: 212.

    =Chickasaw Indians=
      attack on Cumberland towns by =19=: 62.
      attitude of, in Civil War =19=: 148.
      attitude of, in Creek War =19=: 90.

      boundary between the Cherokee and =19=: 62, 66.
      Cherokee relations with =19=: 14, 38, 44, 67, 72, 371, 389 _sq._,
        494.
      defeat of the French by =19=: 477.
      friendliness of, toward the English =19=: 35.
      recent practice of potter’s art by =20=: 130.
      _See also_ =Chickasaw=.

    =Chickasaw Old Fields=
      location of =42=: 851.
      sojourn of Chickasaw at =44=: 175.
      traditional settlement of =44=: 177.
      trail of =42=: 822.
      treaty of =18=: 674; =19=: 85.

    =Chickasaw Old Town=, location of =44=: 176.

    =Chickasaw Region=, trails from, to Mobile Bay =42=: 823.

    =Chickasaw Trace=, road known as =42=: 811, 852.

    =Chickasaw Trail=
      naming of =42=: 744.
      route of =43=: 822.

    =Chicken=, _Col_. =George=, expedition under =19=: 33.

    =Chicken Dance=
      description of =42=: 530 _sq_.
      mention of =42=: 523, 524.

    =Chicken Katcina=
      introduction of, among the Hopis =21=: 17.
      _See also_ =Kowako=.

    =Chickeny=, member of Menomini court =14=: 35.

    =Chickweed=
      use of =44=: 293.
      _See also_ =Stellaria Media=.

    =Chicote, Samuel=, head chief =42=: 331.

    =Chidester, J. D.=, house sites on farm of, in Arkansas =12=: 245.

    =Chief=
      as peacemaker =37=: 209, 210.
      descent of office of =36=: 68.
      duties of =36=: 67; =37=: 319, 320.
      festival after death of =35=: 1088, 1091 _sq._
      functions of =37=: 209 _sq._
      healing powers of =36=: 71.
      leaves his tribe =35=: 863.
      lodge of, a refuge =37=: 209.
      of Sparrow society =35=: 1152.
      one, for each great division of the tribe =36=: 67.
      potlatch property given to =35=: 878.
      relation of, to his people =35=: 1273-1277, 1333-1344; =37=: 319.
      religious concept concerning choice of =40=: 181.
      sacred objects in Hako ceremony carried by =22=, ii: 23.
      selected from Thunderbird clan =37=: 320.
      signs for =1=: 353, 416.
      symbolism of house of =36=: 68 _sq._
      titles of =35=: 1354 _sq._
      tribute to =35=: 1333-1344.
      young men work for =35=: 1043.
      _See also_ =Chiefs=.

    =Chief Clan=, native name for =42=: 117.

    =Chief, Coweta=, description of =42=: 308.

    =Chief-Eagle, Otto=, assistance rendered by =33=: 46.

    =Chief Feast=
      food served at =37=: 319.
      object of =37=: 319.
      property of four Bird clans =37=: 318, 319.
      symbolism of =37=: 321.
      time of =37=: 318, 321.

    =Chief Fool Dance= =35=: 966.

    =Chief Joseph=, surrender of =17=: 351.

    =Chief Mountain=, information from =31=: 485.

    =Chief Speakers=, office of =42=: 329.

    =Chief World=, chosen in council =32=: 332, 341.

    =Chiefs=
      afraid of parents of twins =35=: 689.
      among the Osage =15=: 235.
      as religious officers during buffalo hunt, Omaha =3=: 357.
      authority of the =46=: 622.
      burial of =42=: 701.
      ceremonial house of =47=: 210.
      ceremonial, list of =47=: 255 _sq._
      chosen from subgens =43=: 91.
      clans furnishing =42=: 50, 192-197.
      classes of =45=: 262.
      clothing of =27=: 355, 356.
      comparative beliefs regarding =47=: 348.
      counseling =42=: 316.

      course of increase in number of =42=: 317.
      Dakota, status of =15=: 222.
      descent of, among the Dakota =15=: 221.
      duties of =45=: 263, 374 _sq._; =46=: 431 _sq._, 441.
      effect of trader’s influence on =27=: 630 _sq._
      election of =42=: 330; =44=: 215; =45=: 152, 376.
      election of, under new government =42=: 330 _sq._
      Eskimo choice of =18=: 303 _sqq._
      Eskimo terms for =18=: 304.
      filling vacancies among the =42=: 320.
      Flathead, list of names of =45=: 376 _sq._
      function of, among Siouan Indians =15=: 214.
      honors paid to, at death =44=: 233.
      in the League of the Iroquois =43=: 462.
      increase in number of =42=: 317.
      instruction of, at installation =42=: 332.
      list of =42=: 331.
      location of dwelling of =42=: 174.
      marriage of =42=: 369.
      marriage of daughter of =35=: 777.
      Menomini, descent of =14=: 39, 43.
      Menomini, genealogy of =14=: 44-60.
      Menomini, succession of =14=: 44.
      most influential in 1791 =42=: 323.
      of the dance =45=: 262.
      of Lutcapogo =42=: 210.
      of the Nikola-Similkameen country =45=: 262.
      of Tusayan =15=: 268.
      Okanagon, genealogy of =45=: 263-275.
      Omaha, deposition of =3=: 362.
      Omaha, election of =3=: 358.
      Omaha, head of =3=: 357.
      Omaha, position of =3=: 216.
      Omaha, powers of =3=: 362.
      one for each grand division =27=: 135.
      order of names in feast =35=: 792.
      part in ritual of White Buffalo Hide =27=: 289.
      Pend d’Oreilles =45=: 377.
      people work for =31=: 429.
      position in feast =35=: 766, 767.
      position of =27=: 601 _sq._; =45=: 152 _sqq._
      power of =42=: 315 _sq._, 319.
      prominent, list of =42=: 322.
      qualifications for =45=: 376.
      rank of =44=: 213.
      responsible for safety of his people =31=: 430.
      rival, in seal feasts =35=: 460, 461.
      sacred inauguration of =3=: 359 _sq._
      seating of, at general council =42=: 311, 312.
      selection of =44=: 213 _sq._
      social position of daughter of =35=: 776-779.
      special nose and ear ornaments used by children of =31=: 431.
      status of =42=: 696.
      subordinate =3=: 357.
      Tukabahchee, selected from Eagle clan =42=: 148.
      Tlingit, names of =26=: 402-407.
      valuable garments, children of, dress in =31=: 431.
      who can be elected, Omaha =3=: 358.
      Wyandot, election of =1=: 61, 62.
      _See also_ =Cacique=; =Chief=; =Chieftainship=; =Council of Seven
        Chiefs=; =Hunting Chiefs=; =Little Chief=; =Minko=; =Officers=;
        =Town Chief=; =War Chiefs=.

    =“Chiefs”= of the Eskimo =9=: 429 _sq._

    =Chiefs, Assistant=
      clans from which selected =42=: 285.
      duties of =42=: 287.
      selection of =42=: 285, 286 _sq._

    =Chief’s Badge= in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 76.

    =Chief’s Bed=
      called the “White Bed” =42=: 277.
      one of four beds =42=: 191.
      position of, in various towns =42=: 197-200.

    =Chiefs, Food= of the
      blood-soup of seal =35=: 457.
      currants and salal-berries =35=: 578.
      fern-roots =35=: 523.
      limbs of seal =35=: 459.
      long cinquefoil-roots =35=: 541, 544.
      parts of porpoise =35=: 750.
      parts of seal =35=: 750.
      salmon-cheeks =35=: 329.
      winkles =35=: 510.

    =Chiefs, Society of the Yuchi=, reference to =42=: 156.

    =Chiefship= among the Seri =17=: 275* _sqq._

    =Chieftaincy=, devolves upon the chief’s younger brother =31=: 499.

    =Chieftainess=
      duties of =35=: 780.
      proper behavior of =35=: 396.

    =Chieftainess Dance= =35=: 1148.

    =Chieftainship=
      alternation to, between two clans =42=: 287 _sq._
      among the Assiniboin =15=: 223 _sq._
      early history of =27=: 202.
      eligibility for =45=: 263.
      emoluments of chiefs and keepers =27=: 212 _sq._
      hereditary nature of =44=: 191, 192.
      lapsing of =27=: 635.
      offenses and punishments of =27=: 213-216.
      orders of chiefs =27=: 202-206.
      settlement of =46=: 432 _sq._, 435.
      succession in =45=: 376; =46=: 449.
      through ability =45=: 262.
      through heredity =45=: 262.
      _See also_ =Chiefs=; etc.

    =Chigh=, meaning of =16=: 233, 261.

    =Chignik= =46=: 188.

    =Chigoe Dance=, description of =42=: 534.

    =Chigoes=, lameness caused by =30=: 217.

    =Chihuahua, Mexico=.
      collections from =23=: XLI.
      field work in =23=: IX, XVII.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 131.
      shells among the aborigines of =28=: 145.
      _See also_ =Casas Grandes= (Chihuahua).

    =Chikasa Indians=, tattooing of the =10=: 394.

    =ᵗChi’kĭalikwe=. _See_ =Rattlesnake Fraternity=.

    =Chikin=
      meaning of =16=: 233.
      symbol in Maya codex =16=: 225.

    =Chila=
      city of Huaxtec =25=: 231.
      remains of =26=: XVI.

    =Chilam Balam=
      book of =3=: 53, 59, 60.
      book of, on value of _ahaus_ in Maya calendar system =19=: 717.
      calendar wheel of =3=: 53, 59, 60.

    =Chilcat=, population of =7=: 87.

    =Chilcotin Tribe=
      basketry of =41=: 133, 134, 135, 142, 180, 182, 196, 201, 223,
        229, 230, 231, 233, 246, 247, 250, 336, 344-351, 356, 361, 372,
        373.
      characteristics of basketry of =41=: 230, 233.
      designs of, related to Tlingit =41=: 374.
      of Athapascan stock =41=: 373.

    =Child=
      application of the term =42=: 83, 92.
      blessed by gentes =43=: 71 _sq._
      cradling of =35=: 658.
      gesture signs for =10=: 643 _sq._
      giving of gentile names =36=: 50.
      illegitimate =35=: 1075, 1094, 1106.
      love of parent for =36=: 50.
      method of carrying =40=: 47.
      newborn, treated by mother of twins =35=: 667.
      newborn, treatment of =42=: 360.
      newborn, washing of =35=: 652, 656.
      rite of anointing the =22, ii=: 222-226.
      rite of blessing the =22, ii=: 256-259.
      rite of cleansing the, with water =22, ii=: 216 _sqq._, 351.
      rite of painting the =22, ii=: 227-234.
      rite of putting the symbols on the =22, ii=: 235-242.
      rite of seeking the =22, ii=: 201 _sqq._, 345.
      rite of touching the =22, ii=: 214-222, 348.
      sex of, known before birth =40=: 47.
      signs for =1=: 304, 356.
      symbolism of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 346.
      ten-months old, painting of 35: 933.
      thank offering for the =22, ii=: 246.
      _See also_ =Children=; =Daughter=; =Son=.

    =Child Bearing=, age of =46=: 513.

    =Child Flogging=, ceremonial of, at Walpi and Hano =21=: 69.

    =Child-naming=
      among the Mandan =15=: 241.
     ceremony, meaning of =43=: 30.

    =Child-naming Rituals=, importance of =43=: 31.

    =Child-naming Wi´-gi-e= =43=: 75-84.

    =Childbirth=
      among northern Indians =11=: 271.
      among the Omahas =3=: 263.
      among the Pima =26=: 185 _sq._
      among the Tlingit =26=: 429.
      beliefs concerning =11=: 511, 516; =40=: 491
      ceremonials connected with =11=: 132.
      customs connected with =40=: 317 _sqq._, 463; =42=: 358-362, 698;
        =44=: 221 _sqq._; =45=: 166, 278 _sq._; =46=: 429, 516 _sq._
      ease of delivery in =40=: 47; =42=: 361.
      Eskimo customs relating to =9=: 86, 414 _sq._; =18=: 289 _sqq._
      medical practices connected with =42=: 658, 662, 665, 670.
      references to =27=: 584, 585.
      shamanism in =40:= 319.
      _See also_ =Birth=; =Conception=; =Pregnancy=.

    =Childhood=, customs relating to =11=: 190, 482.

    =Childers, Ellis=
      acknowledgment to =42=: 32.
      ceremonies described by =42=: 551, 556.
      Chiaha chief =42=: 551.
      Chiaha square ground described by =42=: 230.
      information obtained from =42=: 603.

    =Children=
      adoption of, among the Eskimo =9=: 419; =18=: 290.
      affection of parents for =9=: 417 _sqq._; =38=: § 911.
      age of, at initiation =47=: 135.
      among the Pima =26=: 104, 185 _sqq._
      amusements of =9=: 417; =27=: 362-366, 369 _sq._
      at religious ceremonies =47=: 541 _sq._
      baby names abandoned =27=: 117.
      begetting of =30=: 325 _sq._
      behavior of =46=: 520.
      betrothal of =44=: 228.
      binas for =30=: 285, 286.
      birth of, burning of cord =30=: 323.
      birth-mark of =30=: 326.
      burial of =9=: 426 _sq._; =41=: 499, 520 _sq._, 537, 546, 547,
        560, 598, 601, 604; =42=: 390.
      care and training of =27=: 327 _sq._
      care of =42=: 363; =46=: 444.
      care of, in times of war =13=: 350.
      ceremonially flogged =15=: 283, 284, 308.
      ceremony connected with =47=: 42.
      clothing of =45=: 72.
      condition among Northern Indians =11=: 269.
      conduct of =47=: 135.
      consecration of boy to Thunder =27=: 122-128.
      correction of =46=: 520.
      crying of =30=: 171.
      customs concerning =30=: 319-326; =40=: 269; =46=: 519.
      dancing of, at gens festival =40=: 225 _sq._
      decapitation of, in war =37=: 161.
      deceased, food for =47=: 276.
      deformed, cause of =30=: 187, 371.
      deformed, sacrifice of =30=: 325.
      delivery =30=: 321, 323, 326.
      desire for =30=: 187.
      disposal of, on death of father =45=: 172.
      disposition of, in cases of divorce =42=: 371, 374, 377.
      divided in separation =35=: 895.
      dolls distributed to =15=: 283, 288.
      education of =42=: 363-367; =44=: 222 _sqq._; =45=: 281 _sq._
      Eskimo =46=: 37, 96.
      Eskimo, crania =46=: 294-299, 310.
      Eskimo, introduction into kashim of =18=: 286.
      Eskimo, method of naming =18=: 289, 424.
      Eskimo, myths concerning =11=: 265.
      Eskimo, number of births of =9=: 38 _sq._, 414, 419.
      Eskimo of Point Barrow, number of, among =9=: 38 _sq._
      Eskimo, physical characteristics of =18=: 28.
      Eskimo, temperament of =18=: 308.
      exempt from sweat baths =27=: 585.
      feeding of, by fathers =22, ii=: 105-117.
      fostering of =45=: 281.
      food of =30=: 295.
      frightened by katcina =47=: 937.
      frightened in ceremony =15=: 282.
      games of =38=: § 609-622.
      gestures of young =1=: 276.
      gifts to, by katcinas =15=: 295.
      given away by parents =9=: 419.
      grief over loss of =46=: 573.
      hardening of =42=: 366.
      illegitimate, care of =42=: 354.
      in Wa´waⁿ ceremony =27=: 379 _sq._
      Indian, Eskimo, Yukon =46=: 161.
      inducing birth of =30=: 84, 85, 96, 325 _sq._
      infanticide =9=: 416 _sq._
      initiated into K’atsina cult =47=: 42.
      initiation of, in Navaho ceremonial =8=: 266, 267.
      initiation of, into Katcina organization =47=: 71-75.
      instruction of =37=: 180.
      introduction into tribe =27=: 117.
      introduction to Cosmos =27=: 115 _sq._
      isolation of mother during birth of =9=: 86, 415.
      killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 876, 877, 885.
      male, most desirable =46=: 521.
      marriage of =42=: 371.
      means of having =35=: 644.
      medicines for =30=: 49, 51, 55, 62; =47=: 218.
      method of carrying during infancy =9=: 415 _sq._
      mortality among =46=: 513.
      mortuary customs for =40=: 321, 453-461.
      naming of =11=: 190; =44=: 187, 188; =47=: 318.
      naming of, among Borinqueños =25=: 47.
      native, at Anvik =46=: 59.
      of chiefs, prominence of =45=: 263.
      Omaha, target arrows of the =13=: 286.
      omens =30=: 275.
      ordeals, in bearing =30=: 319-322.
      orphan, care of =46=: 576.
      Osage, naming of =15=: 237.
      part taken by, in ceremony =47=: 86.
      Picurís, stories told to =41=: 84.
      playthings (dolls) of =9=: 380 _sq._
      presented to the sun =47=: 134, 635.
      prohibited from seeing ceremonies =15=: 288.
      prohibited from seeing masks =15=: 296.
      property of =27=: 362; =38=: § 736, 915.
      puberty ceremony of =27=: 128-133.
      punishment to =42=: 363 _sq._
      rearing and education of =9=: 417 _sq._; =47=: 218 _sq._
      rites connected with =27=: 597.
      sacred shell intrusted to =27=: 455, 457.
      selection and duties of =22, ii=: 18, 19.
      sickness of, cause of =30=: 171.
      singeing of hair of =35=: 825, 827.
      Siouan games of =15=: 174.
      spirits =30=: 324 _sq._
      sympathetic magic practiced on =9=: 383 _sqq._
      term of nursing =9=: 415.
      torture of, as captives =46=: 551, 552.
      toys of =9=: 376-383.
      training of =44=: 207; =45=: 161.
      treatment of =37=: 178; =40=: 169, 321.
      treatment of, in war =27=: 403, 426.
      uninitiated =35=: 919.
      Western Eskimo, notes on =46=: 213, 227.
      whipping of, at initiation =47=: 72.
      whipping ordeal of =45=: 168, 282.
      _See also_ =Boys=; =Child=; =Children=, =Omaha=; =Education=;
        =Etiquette=; =Girls=; =Infants=; =Pregnancy=; =Puberty=;
        =Stillborn=.

    =Children, Omaha=
      adoption of =3=: 265, 281.
      clothing of =3=: 265.
      diseases of =3=: 265.
      games of =3=: 340, 341.
      life of =3=: 265.
      number of =3=: 264.

    =Children’s Amusements= =24=: 30, 31, 715 _sq._

    =Children’s Dance.= _See_ =Wahikwinema=.

    =Children’s Diseases=, remedies used for =42=: 656, 657, 658, 665,
      666, 668, 669.

    =Chile=
      acknowledgments to officials of =18=: XXIX.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 159 _sq._
      researches in =30=: 11-15.

    =Chile=
      coriander used with =30=: 66.
      food seasoned with =30=: 69, 70.

    =Chilhowee=
      myth concerning =19=: 375.
      threatened burning of, in 1792 =19=: 73.

    =Chilicoti=, Sonora tree =26=: 176.

    =Chilivik= =46=: 204.

    =Chilkat= (= _Tlingit locality_).
      clan =26=: 408, 410, 413, 415, 418.
      description of feast at =26=: 430.

    =Chilkat= (= _Tlingit tribe_).
      calendar of =26=: 427.
      clans and house groups of =26=: 404.
      games of the =24=:
        hand game 287 _sq._
        stick games 243 _sq._
      mention of =26=: 396.
      phratries and clans of =26=: 400.
      towns of =26=: 397.

    =Chilkat Indians=
      cedar bark blankets made by =10=: 217.
      ceremonial garments of =10=: 429 _sq._
      pictographs made by =10=: 217.

    =Chilkoot=, a Tlingit town =26=: 397.
      clans of =26=: 413 _sq._

    =Chilla=
      day symbol discussed =16=: 207.
      meaning of =16=: 213.

    =Chillicothe, Ohio=
      a Shawnee settlement =42=: 785.
      builders of mounds about =20=: 194.
      earthworks near =13=: XXVII.
      mounds near =1=: 117, 118; =5=: 46.
      pottery from near =20=: 193.
      trail near =42=: 786.

    =Chilliwhack=, stick games of the =24=: 249.

    =Chilluckittequaw=, a Chilûktkwa synonym =14=: 741.

    =Chillúla Tribe=, mention of =7=: 132.

    =Chilocco=
      Reserve, establishment of =18=: 916.
      School, Kiowa children at =17=: 352.

    =Chilû´ktkwa=, sketch of the =14=: 741.

    =Chimakuan Family= =7=: 62, 63.

    =Chimakum=
      habitat and population of =7=: 62.
      language, grammar of =26=: XXII.

    =Chimalpopoca Codex=
      interpretation of mythic concept in =16=: 221.
      mention of =3=: 46.

    =Chimaphila Umbellata=, use of =44=: 288, 360.

    =Chimaphila Umbellata Occidentalis= =45=: 462, 476, 494.

    =Chimarikan Family= =7=: 63.

    =Chimayo=, blankets of the =29=: 342.

    =Chimehuevis= in Pima-Yuma battle =26=: 47.

    =Chimmesyan Family= =7=: 63 _sqq._

    =Chimmesyan Stock=
      implements employed by, in stick games =24=: 227.
      tribes of the =24=:
        Niska 240, 281, 471, 628, 709, 736.
        Tsimshian 240, 736.

    =Chimnahpum=, a Chämnä´pûm synonym =14=: 739.

    =Chimnapoos=, a Chämnä´pûm synonym =14=: 739.

    =Chimneys=
      absence of, at Sikyatki =17=: 646.
      absence of, in Verde cavate lodges =13=: 187, 256, 257.
      described and figured =8=: 167-180.
      not built by the Menomini =14=: 253.
      remains of, at Matoaki =8=: 86.
      remains of, at Tusayan =8=: 102.
      remains of, at Zuñi =8=: 111.
      traces of K’iakima =8=: 85.
      _See also_ =Fireplaces=.

    =Chimney-hoods=, how constructed =8=: 169-175.

    =Chimney-like Structures=
      at ruined Pueblo in Arizona, description of =22, i=: 49.
      discussion of =16=: 182-190.
      in Casa Blanca =16=: 110.
      in cliff kiva =16=: 125, 129.
      in cliff outlook =16=: 144.
      in cliff ruins =16=: 119.
      in Mummy Cave ruin =16=: 113, 115, 116.

    =Chimu, Peru=, ornamentation of “Hall of Arabesques” at =6=: 251,
      252.

    =Chin Beard=, account of =26=: 50 _sq._

    =China=
      coast of, connected with America =14=: 513, 526.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 185.

    =China= day symbol discussed =16=: 232.

    =Chinachichibat=, native name of Dog soldiers =14=: 986.

    =Chiĭ´nachinĕ´na=, an Arapaho priestly order =14=: 989.

    =Chinaman=, Tewa name for =29=: 573.

    =Chinaware=, fragments of, taken from mound =44=: 167.

    =Chinax= day symbol discussed =16=: 258.

    =Chine Berry= =33=: 98.

    =Chinese=
      characters, connected with signs =1=: 356, 357.
      characters, expedient of the, in place of signs =1=: 306.
      conventional characters of =10=: 649 _sq._
      ideographs and gesture signs of =10=: 637, 642, 643, 644, 645.
      ideographs by, for sickness =10=: 590.
      ideographs for prisoners by =10=: 600.
      Indian belief of origin of =14=: 721.
      mnemonic devices of =10=: 226, 227.
      mourning colors of =10=: 631.
      resemblance of British Columbia Indians to =46=: 33.
      resemblance of, to Indians =46=: 36.
      symbolic writing of =10=: 618.
      topographic representations by =10=: 344.

    =Chingassanoo=, reservation at =18=: 756.

    =Chinig= =46=: 196, 200.

    =Chinking=
      of cliff dwelling masonry =16=: 102 _sqq._, 107 _sq._, 118, 123,
        127, 142, 144, 148, 150 _sq._, 159 _sq._
      of walls =13=: 248.

    =Chinlee Valley=
      description of =17=: 478.
      ruins in =16=: 80.

    =Chino Valley, Ariz.=
      early migration into =28=: 218.
      references to =28=: 196, 204, 215.
      ruins of =28=: 201, 216.

    =Chinook=
      aerial burial in canoes of the =1=: 171.
      aquatic burial of =1=: 180.
      dictionary and grammar of =23=: XXXV.
      games of the =24=:
        four-stick game 327.
        hand game 281 _sq._, 300.
        racket 562, 563, 673.
        stick games 240.
      hypnotism among the =14=: 762.
      jargon =1=: 313.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 832.
      linguistic studies among the =24=: XXII.
      mourning cradle of =1=: 181, 182.

    =Chinook Dictionary=, in preparation =24=: XXI _sq._

    =Chinook Indians=
      burial vaults of the =10=: 523 _sq._
      medicine-bag of the =10=: 504.

    =Chinook Jargon=
      character and use of =19=: 187 _sq._
      introduction of =45=: 261.
      use of =45=: 373.

    =Chinook Language=, grammatical notes on =26=: XXI, XXII.

    =Chinook Texts=
      memoir on =15=: XLVI, L, LIV, LXII.
      _See also_ =Boas, F=.

    =Chinook Tribe=, mention of =41=: 136.

    =Chinookan Bibliography=
      preparation of =15=: XXIII, XXVI, XXXI, XXXV.
      work on =14=: XLIII.

    =Chinookan Family= =7=: 65 _sq._

    =Chinookan Languages=, bibliography of =13=: XLI.

    =Chinookan Stock=
      implements employed by, in stick games =24=: 227.
      tribes of the =24=:
        Chinook 240, 281, 573.
        Clackama 328.
        Clatsop 282, 782.
        Dalles Indians 158, 307.
        Wasco 282, 472.

    =Chinquapin, Water=
      a sacred food =39=: 195.
      _See also_ =Nelumbo Lutea=.

    =Chiogenes Hispaniola=
      beverage made from =44=: 317.
      use of =44=: 288, 307.

    =Chip-chip Shell Heap=, description of =34=: 66 _sq._

    =Chi´pia=, settlement of party of gods at =23=: 407.

    =Chipiapoos= in Potawatomi myth =14=: 207.

    =Chipmunk=
      in Menomini myth =14=: 229.
      representation of, in Hopi katcina masks =21=: 116.
      stripes on, in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 253.

    =Chipmunk Katcina.= _See_ =Kona=.

    =Chippewa=
      burial superstitions of =1=: 200.
      confederation of, with Cherokee =18=: 841.
      confederation of, with Potawatomi =18=: 779.
      derivation of the name =42=: 12 _sq._
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 61-68.
        double ball 648, 650 _sq._
        European games 791.
        hidden ball 340 _sqq._, 351.
        hoop and pole 427, 446.
        racket 562, 563, 564-567, 568, 573, 611, 616.
        ring and pin 533 _sq._
        shinny 620 _sq._
        snow-snake 401 _sqq._, 404, 405.
        stick games 229.
        tops 734.
      grave posts of the =4=: 199 _sq._
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 648, 650, 654 _sqq._, 666
        _sqq._, 674 _sqq._, 680 _sqq._, 684-688, 698 _sqq._, 702 _sqq._,
        710 _sqq._, 714, 716 _sqq._, 722 _sqq._, 750, 756 _sqq._, 764,
        766, 768, 776 _sqq._, 780, 794 sqq., 802 _sqq._, 810, 812, 816,
        820, 826, 828, 830 _sqq._, 834, 840, 844 _sqq._, 856, 858, 862,
        866, 870, 874, 886, 894, 904, 908, 912, 916, 918, 934-938, 944.
      relations with the Omaha =27=: 102.
      scaffold burials of the =1=: 161,162.
      _See also_ =Ojibwa=.

    =Chippewa Customs=, preparation of paper on =45=: 11.

    =Chippewa Ethnobotany=, preparation of paper on =45=: 11.

    =Chippewa Indians=
      mourning among the =1=: 184.
      mourning colors of =10=: 630.
      papers on =41=: 37, 60.
      plants used by =44=: 285-397.
      practice of tattooing by the =10=: 406 _sq._
      researches among the =41=: 13 _sq._
      visit of, to Washington =34=: 28.
      widows among =1=: 184, 185.
      _See also_ =Chippewa=.

    =Chippewa Music=
      paper on =34=: 26.
      researches in =29=: 19.
      study of =30=: 21, 23, 24.

    =Chippewa Texts=, revision of =45=: 5.

    =Chippewanaung=, treaties of =18=: 762.

    =Chippeway.= _See_ =Ojibwa=.

    =Chippeway River=, wild rice in =19=: 1034.

    =Chippewyan=
      games of the =24=:
        archery 385.
        hand game 272.
      population of the =7=: 55.
      tattooing of the =4=: 65.

    =Chipped Stone=
      articles of, discussion of =13=: 132.
      implements of, Seriland scarcity of =17=: 241* _sq._, 246* _sq._

    =Chipping=
      stone, how accomplished =13=: 139.
      _See also_ =Arrowheads=.

    =Chiquito, Colo.= =4=: 306.

    =Chiribias=, a Zapotec goddess =16=: 255.

    =Chiricacua Apache=
      Tewa names for the =29=: 573.
      _See also_ =Apache= (_Chiricahua_).

    =Chiricahua Mountains=, field work in =22, i=: XIII.

    =Chiricahua Reserve=
      discontinuance of =18=: 888.
      establishment of =18=: 860.

    =Chiriqui, Colombia=
      Ancient Art of the Province of, by W. H. Holmes =6=: 13-187.
      character of pottery of =20=: 20.
      collection from tombs at =6=: XLIX.
      cup sculptures in =10=: 193 _sq._
      paper on decorations in =20=: 65.

    =Chironomia=, by Rev. Gilbert Austin =1=: 289.

    =Chisca=
      object of De Soto’s search =41=: 610.
      Spanish visits to =19=: 23, 27, 201.

    =Chisels=
      aboriginal method of making =15=: 68.
      and scrapers described =13=: 83.
      antler =45=: 218.
      copper, types of =37=: 88.
      distribution of =15=: 142.
      fossil shell =34=: 80, 137.
      how finished =15=: 26.
      method of hafting =15=: 112.
      mention of =25=: 192.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 172 _sq._; =18=: 86 _sq._
      of stone =34=: 94 _sq._, 135; =45=: 41.
      used in steatite working =13=: 72; =15=: 28, 116, 121, 122, 123,
        125, 126, 127, 128.

    =Chisholm, John D.=, deputized by the Cherokee to treat =5=: 212.

    =Chisholm.= _See_ =Chesholm=.

    =Chistiakof, P. E.= =46=: 126.

    =Chitimacha=
      adultery punished by the =42=: 697.
      beliefs of the =42=: 482, 710.
      ceremony of the =42=: 707.
      fasting among the =40=: 547.
      hair dressing of the =42=: 684.
      head flattening of the =42=: 686.
      information concerning clans of the =42=: 118.
      linguistic material of the =30=: 19.
      poisoning practiced by the =42=: 697.
      puberty customs of the =42=: 698.
      religious beliefs of the =42=: 709.
      researches among the =28=: 12; =30=: 18, 22.
      smoke holes used by the =42=: 688.
      social customs of the =42=: 695.
      the brachycephalic type =42=: 677.

    =Chitimacha Culture Area=, features of the =42=: 716.

    =Chitimacha Language=
      dictionary of the =29=: 13.
      grammatical sketch of the =39=: 13.

    =Chitimachan Family=
      mention of =7=: 66 _sq._
      possibly allied to the Attacapan =7=: 57.

    =Chitimachan Group=, linguistic relations of =42=: 678.

    =Chitnak=, mention of =46=: 212.

    =Chiton=
      as a charm, used in childbirth =35=: 650 _sq._
      boiled =35=: 483.
      eaten by poor people =35=: 488.
      eaten raw =35=: 485.
      gathering of =35=: 480.
      large, baked =35=: 486.
      large, boiled =35=: 487.
      large, gathering of =35=: 484.
      names of =35=: 480.
      roasted =35=: 480, 482.

    =Chitto Hadjo=, headquarters of =42=: 251.

    =Chiukak= =46=: 196, 200.

    =Chiulee Creek, Ariz.=, petroglyphs on =10=: 51.

    =Chivaria, Juan=, in fight at “Bloody Tanks” =26=: 50.

    =Chivington=, _Colonel_ --,
      Cheyenne massacre by =17=: 180, 183; =19=: 209.
      on Indian affairs in 1863 =17=: 314.

    =Chivington and Wounded Knee Massacres=, comparison of =14=: 881.

    =Chivola=, meaning of name =26=: 24.

    =Chiwiwa, Manuel=, hunt chief =47=: 261.

    =Chiwiwa, Merihildo=, war chief =47=: 260.

    =Chiwiwi, Maria=, pottery made by =47=: 351.

    =Chiylla.= _See_ =Chilla=.

    =Choah= symbol in Troano Codex =16=: 234.

    =Chobahahbish.= _See_ =Dwamish=.

    =Choch=, meaning of =16=: 237.

    =Chocha= (_or_ =Chuchon=), number names of =19=: 872, 930.

    =Choco=, meaning of =16=: 242.

    =Choco, Panama=, method of forming numbers =19=: 917.

    =Chocolate Grinders=
      of the Antilleans =34=: 223, 224.
      _See also_ =Grinders=.

    =Choctaw=
      addicted to gaming =42=: 457.
      attitude of the, in Civil War =19=: 148.
      attitude of the, in Creek War =19=: 90, 91.
      ball game of the =14=: 129.
      beliefs of the =42=: 497, 710.
      Cherokee relations with =19=: 72, 390.
      communal burial of the =12=: 677.
      customs of the =42=: 424, 700, 702, 707.
      deficiencies of, in swimming =42=: 399.
      demonstration by the, against the English =42=: 421.
      dictionary of, publication of =30=: 19.
      dwellings of the =42=: 687, 688.
      funeral ceremonies of the =1=: 186.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 146.
        hoop and pole 421, 485 _sq._
        racket 562, 563, 598-605.
        tossed ball 709.
      hair dressing of the =42=: 683.
      head flattening of the =42=: 686.
      in Texas, union of, with the Cherokee =19=: 143.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 559 _sq._, 636, 650, 660,
        662, 664, 672, 684, 700 _sqq._, 708, 726, 764 _sqq._, 796, 806
        _sqq._, 840.
      mound burial of the =1=: 120.
      mourning customs of the =42=: 383.
      myths of the =19=: 501.
      name for Cherokee =19=: 15 _sq._, 182 _sq._
      names of the, for the seasons =42=: 400.
      names for Indian tribes =19=: 182 _sq._
      of Muskhogean stock =42=: 677.
      physical measurements of the =43=: 14.
      population of the =7=: 95.
      proportion of warriors to population =14=: 33.
      prostitution among the =42=: 697.
      reference to the =28=: 12.
      reference to scaffold burial of the =42=: 235.
      scaffold burial of the =1=: 169.
      sketch of the =19=: 500.
      social divisions of the =42=: 695.
      source of strength of the =42=: 324.
      sources of information on the =42=: 680.
      tattooing among the =42=: 686.
      the brachycephalic type =42=: 677.
      trail used by the =42=: 811.
      type of buildings of the =42=: 191.
      use of discoidal stones by the =13=: 99.
      wars of the, with the Alabama =42=: 425, 426.
      woven pouches and blankets of the =13=: 24.
      _See also_ =Choctaw Indians=.

    =Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee and Creek=, boundary between =5=: 205.

    =Choctaw Culture Area=, features of =42=: 716.

    =Choctaw Dictionary= =29=: 23; =30=: 19, 24; 36: 29.

    =Choctaw Indians=
      ancient notices of =10=: 347.
      bowl made by (1800) =20=: 102.
      collection of information regarding =40=: 5.
      election of chiefs of =44=: 215.
      mode of divination of =10=: 494 _sq._
      preparation of paper on =44=: 4.
      recent practice of potter’s art by =20=: 130.
      traditional separation of, from Chickasaw =44=: 177.
      _See also_ =Choctaw=.

    =Choctaw Language=, dictionary of =34=: 26.

    =Choctaw-Muskhogee Family= of Gallatin =7=: 94.

    =Choctaw Towns=
      description of, by J. Adair =7=: 40.
      trails through =42=: 823.

    =Choctawhatchee Bay=, pottery of =20=: 108-112.

    =Chocuyem=, a Moquelumnan dialect =7=: 92.

    =Choenemnee= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Chohoptins=, a Sahaptin synonym =14=: 744.

    =Choich=, meaning of =16=: 234.

    =Choinuck= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Choiskai Mountains=, description of =17=: 477.

    =Chokecherry=
      beverage made from =44=: 317.
      mention of =33=: 88.
      use of =44=: 291, 321, 369; =45=: 477, 490.
      used in basketry =41=: 145, 148.
      _See also_ =Prunus Virginiana=.

    =Chokimena= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Chol=
      method of forming numbers above ten =19=: 906.
      number names of =19=: 862.

    =Cholceh=, equivalent to _xolke_ =16=: 233.

    =Cholera=
      among the Indians =4=: 142.
      among the Kiowa =17=: 173.
      among the Pima =26=: 42 _sq._
      epidemic of 1849 =17=: 289.

    =Cholera, Asiatic=, cedar used as a remedy for =33=: 64.

    =Cholera Infantum=, treatment for =44=: 346.

    =Cholla Cactus=
      character of =26=: 92.
      in Pima tales =26=: 243, 249.

    =Cholovone=, division of the Mariposan =7=: 90.

    =Cholula Pyramid, Mexico=, visited by Dr. J. W. Fewkes =26=: XV.

    =Chónshitá=, treaty of 1867 signed by =17=: 186.

    =Chontal=, number names of =19=: 862.

    =Chooch=, meaning of =16=: 237.

    =Chookchancie= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Chopawomsie Island=, village sites on =15=: 71.

    =Chopped Oak=, traditions concerning =19=: 415 _sq._

    =Chopping Block= =35=: 514.

    =“Chopping” Fish= =38=: § 190.

    =Choptank Indian=, grant of land to =18=: 573 _sqq._

    =Chopunnish=
      a Pä´lus synonym =14=: 735.
      a Sahaptin synonym =14=: 744.
      population of the =7=: 107.

    =Choris, Louis= =46=: 219, 231.
      on dice games, Olamentke =24=: 144.

    =Chorus=
      appearance of, in Buffalo dance =21=: 30, 31.
      appearance of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 44, 48, 77, 93.
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 88.

    =Cho-se-ta.= _See_ =Chónshitá=.

    =Chota=, trail through =42=: 750.

    =Chota Ford=, trail from =42=: 841.

    =Chote.= _See_ =Echota=.

    =Choukeka’s Village=, location of =37=: 51.

    =Chouteau, Auguste=
      an early Kiowa trader =17=: 262.
      Menomini treaty commissioner =14=: 20, 21.
      reference to map of =18=: 751.
      trading post of =17=: 171, 263.
      treaty commissioner in 1837 =17=: 170.

    =Chow Le (Li?)=, on making ancient Chinese arrows =24=: 213.

    =Chowanoc=, perhaps a Tuscarora tribe =7=: 79.

    =Chowchilla=
      games of the =24=:
        hand game 294.
        hoop and pole 484.
        shinny 631.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 782, 822.

    =Chozetta=, a Biloxi division =15=: 164.

    =Christ=, as an Acoma supernatural =47=: 67.

    =Christening=, mode of =30=: 306.

    =Christian=, _Col._ =William=
      expedition under =19=: 50.
      life of =19=: 205 _sq._
      peace agreement arranged by =19=: 51, 53.
      report of, cited =42=: 766.

    =Christian Art=, significance of color in =10=: 622 _sq._

    =Christian Ceremonies=, similarity of, to Indian =47=: 976.

    =Christian Indians=
      land cessions and reservations by =18=: 650, 704, 706, 792.
      _See also_ =Munsee=.

    =Christian Influence= =42=: 55 _sq._, 78, 482 _sq._

    =Christian Religion=
      attitude of chiefs toward =42=: 320.
      Zuñi attitude toward =47=: 494.

    =Christianity=
      among the Cherokee =19=: 37 _sq._, 83 _sq._, 110-113.
      among the East Cherokee =19=: 166.
      effect of, on Indian ceremonials =14=: 718.
      how regarded by the Hopi =16=: 299.
      influence of, in Indian religion =14=: 699.
      influence of, in Shaker religion =14=: 750, 761.
      influence of, on the Kiowa =14=: 1088.
      introduction of, at Kituwha =19=: 165.
      _See also_ =Civilization=; =Missionaries=.

    =Christianization of Indians=, jugglery opposed to =14=: 138, 139.

    =Christmas=, ceremonies connected with =47=: 106.

    =Christmas Dancing= =47=: 303-306.

    =Christmas Food= =9=: 547.

    =Christy, Henry=
      human masks from Mexico secured by =3=: 96.
      mention of =46=: 333, 370.
      on symbols =4=: 82.

    =Christy Collection=, wooden mask in =3=: 104.

    =Chronometry= of the Eskimo =18=: 234 _sq._

    =Chronologic Arrangement= =12=: 28.

    =Chronology=
      attempted by the Indians, system of =4=: 127.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 116, 120 _sqq._, 123, 128.
      Iroquoian pottery =20=: 162.
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 102 _sq._
      Mayan, Goodman’s system of =19=: 792-800.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 82.
      New Jersey-New England pottery =20=: 178, 179.
      Northwestern pottery =20=: 143.
      of the Kiowa =17=: 365.
      pictographic =10=: 265-328.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 139, 142 _sqq._
      value of simplicity of ware in determining =20=: 24.
      _See also_ =Modern Pottery-making=.

    =Chuac=, symbol in Maya hieroglyphs =16=: 226.

    =Chuc=, meaning of =16=: 232.

    =Chuch=, significance of =16=: 225.

    =Chuchon.= _See_ =Chocha=

    =Chuck Billy=, reference to =40=: 43.

    =Chuen=
      and _akbal_ symbols compared =16=: 221, 225.
      day symbol, discussion of =16=: 212, 241.
      discovery concerning, by Goodman =19=: 711.
      in Mayan chronology, value of =22, i=: 204.
      symbol for =22, i=: 223.

    =Chuenche=, definition of =16=: 243.

    =Chugachigmut Masks= =3=: 120, 128.

    =Chuhe=
      method of forming numbers above ten =19=: 905.
      number names of =19=: 863, 880.

    =Chukchansi=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 138.
        football 698, 702.
        foot-cast ball 711.
        hoop and pole 482.
        hot ball 714.
        shinny 680.

    =Chukchee=
      affinities with the Eskimo =46:= 365.
      attempt at Kaltag =46=: 55.
      attempted invasion of Seward Peninsula =46=: 86, 117, 118.
      clothing of the =18=: 30.
      Eskimo battlefields =46=: 86.
      ethnologic specimens from the =18=: 21.
      houses of the =46=: 169.
      influence on Eskimo of the =18=: 23.
      measurements of the =46=: 259.
      mixture with the Eskimo =46=: 226.
      of Asia =7=: 74.
      of Asia (Siberia), tattooing of the =10=: 414.
      paddles used by the =18=: 225.
      sleds used by the =18=: 208.
      trading voyages by the =18=: 230.
      trading with the American natives =46=: 96 _sq._
      use of bolas by the =18=: 135.

    =Chukchee Crania=
      basiofacial diameter =46=: 279-282.
      facial =46=: 266.
      facial angles =46=: 285.
      means =46=: 286.
      mention of =46=: 254, 257.
      nose =46=: 268, 270.

    =Chukchee-Eskimo= half-bloods, physical characteristics of =18=: 28.

    =Chukchee Grammar= =33=: 29.

    =Chukchee Language=
      paper on =36=: 30.
      work on =34=: 20.

    =Chukchee Peninsula=
      mention of =46=: 177, 238, 361.
      old sites =46=: 210, 213.
      skulls from =46=: 231, 232, 234, 237.

    =Chukubi=
      description of =8=: 58, 59.
      fragments of passage wall at =8=: 181.
      pueblo built by the Squash people =8=: 25.
      ruins of, discussion of =17=: 583.

    =Chukwhûk=, description of =18=: 248.

    =Chumanas Indians, Brazil=
      dyes used by the =10=: 222.
      totem marks of the =4=: 167.

    =Chumash Indians=
      preparation of data on =44=: 5.
      shell drilling by the =14=: 266.
      study of ethnobotany of the =44=: 6.

    =Chumashan=
      family =7=: 67, 68.
      languages, Salinan held to be dialects of =7=: 101.

    =Chumashan Indians=
      studies of the =40=: 10.
      work among the =45=: 3.

    =Chumashan Stock=
      mention of =24=: 472, 628 _sq._
      studied by J. P. Harrington =37=: 16; =38=: p. 11.

    =Chumâ´wa=, a Pit River band =14=: 1052.

    =Chumayel=, Chronicle of, on value of _ahau_ in Maya calendar
      system =19=: 717.

    =Chumpo=, an Acoma leader, reference to =47=: 27.

    =Chungke.= _See_ =Chunkey Game=.

    =Chungke Game= =13=: 99.

    =Chunkey Game=
      description of =42=: 466, 706; =44=: 243 _sq._
      mention of =24=: 485 _sq._, 487, 510, 512 _sq._

    =Chunkey Pole=
      description of =42=: 188, 189 _sq._
      location of =42=: 175, 176.

    =Chunkey Stones=
      care of =42=: 466.
      town property =42=: 337.

    =Chunkey Yard=
      description of =42=: 175, 176, 188, 190.
      location of =42=: 171.
      origin of the term =42=: 189.
      plan of =42=: 176.

    =Chunkey Yards=, mention of =24=: 486 _sqq._, 512 _sq._

    =Chunute= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Chup=, meaning of =16=: 253.

    =Chu´pawa=, choir of =23=: 475.

    =Church=, _Captain_ --, on scalping by the whites =19=: 208.

    =Church=
      at Zuñi, desecration of =13=: 337.
      at Zuñi, how regarded by the natives =13=: 335, 337.
      at Zuñi, when built =13=: 332, 333.
      Hawikuh =8=: 81, 138.
      in court of Zuñi =8=: 98, 138, 148.
      Ketchipauan, remains of =8=: 81, 82.
      Old Mohegan =43=: 254 _sq._
      services, Catholic, at Acoma =47=: 32.
      Shumopavi, established by Spanish monks =8=: 75, 76.
      _See also_ =Churches=; =Mission=.

    =Church-going= among the Eskimo =18=: 421.

    =Churches=
      established in Zuñi and Tusayan =8=: 224.
      establishment of, among the Kiowa =17=: 219.
      Indian, mention of =42=: 191.

    =Churchill, Ownsham=, on Mexican calendar system =19=: 935.

    =Chuuc=, meaning of =16=: 232.

    =Ci=
      day symbol discussed =16=: 229.
      definition of =16=: 262.

    =Cia Tribe=, Acoma separated from =47=: 24.

    =Ciawis=, a Kiowa synonym =17=: 148.

    =Cib=, day symbol discussed =16=: 224, 252.

    =Cibola=
      architecture of =23=: XLV.
      architecture of, compared with that of Tusayan =8=: 100-223.
      captured by Coronado =14=: LVII, 388, 556, 565, 573.
      cartographic history of =14=: 403.
      Castañeda’s description of =14:= 482.
      city of =19=: 650.
      Coronado at =47=: 23.
      Coronado’s description of =14=: 558.
      description of =14=: 517, 565, 569, 573.
      description of, by Indians of Sonora =14=: 356.
      extent of range of =14=: 358.
      identification of =17=: 595.
      identification of ancient cities of =6=: XLVI.
      identification of, with Zuñi country =13=: 325, 367.
      meaning of name =26=: 24.
      pottery of =4=: 297, 307, 316, 321, 343, 344, 356.
      references to =28=: 117, 120.
      ruins and inhabited villages of =8=: 80, 99.
      settlement of cities of =13=: 427.
      stories of, inspired by Friar Marcos =14=: 364.
      _See also_ =Zuñi=.

    =Cicer Arietinum Linn.=, Pima food plant =26=: 73.

    =Cicuic.= _See_ =Cicuye=.

    =Cicuique.= _See_ =Cicuye=.

    =Cicuta Maculata=, use of =44=: 288, 377.

    =Cicuta Vagans= =45=: 476, 513.

    =Cicuye=
      Alvarado’s visit to =14=: 491.
      cartographic history of =14=: 403.
      description of =14=: 523, 525.
      description of, by companions of Coronado =14=: 570, 575.
      description of, by Jaramillo =14=: 587.
      Indians from, visit Coronado =14=: 490.
      river of, crossed by Spaniards =14=: 504, 510.
      siege of, by Spaniards =14=: 511.
      synonymous with Pecos =14=: 391.
      treachery of Indians at =14=: 509.
      visit of Coronado to =14=: 502.

    =Çiⁿ´dexoⁿxoⁿ=, group under, account of =27=: 178, 179 _sq._

    =Çiⁿ´-dse-a-gthe=, a tribal division =39=: 82.

    =Çiⁿ´-dse-a-gthe Gens=
      Ni´-ki ritual of the =36=: 272 _sqq._
      offices of the =39=: 92.
      personal names of the =43=: 146.

    =Cienega=, Pueblo ruin near =22, i=: 187.

    =Cigar; Cigarette= =38=: § 283.

    =Cigarette, Cane=, Casa Grande =28=: 135, 142 _sq._

    =Cigarette Leaves=, origin of =30=: 336.

    =Cigarettes=
      among the Pima, ceremonial use =26=: 347.
      among the Pima, in medicine =26=: 260, 267.
      among the Pima, in mythology =26=: 340, 344, 352, 359, 360, 363.
      among the Pima, in song =26=: 336, 337.
      bearer of, ceremony of =23=: 146.
      ceremonial use of =47=: 118, 132.
      in Hopi ceremony =17=: 735.
      of reeds, in sacrificial caves =17=: 736.
      smoking of, ceremonial =23=: 125.
      used in medicine =30=: 52, 54.
      _See also_ =Pipe=; =Smoking=; =Tobacco=.

    =Ciguaner Indians=, war colors of =10=: 632 _sq._

    =Ciguayos=, a Cuban tribe =34=: 255.

    =Ci-ho=, legendary Pima hero =45=: 71.

    =Cimarrones-Migueletes War=, record of =17=: 83.

    =Cimex Fraternity= (_Pe´shäᵗsilo`kwe_).
      medicines of =30=: 39, 46.
      of the Zuñi =23=: 564-568.

    =Cimi=
      day symbol, discussion of =16=: 231.
      symbol in Dresden Codex =16=: 250.
      symbol in Troano Codex =16=: 213.

    =Cimo=, Hopi chief, on advent of clans at Walpi =19=: 585.

    =Cinaloa River=
      crossed by Coronado =14=: 584.
      north of New Galicia =14=: 386, 515.

    =Cĭn-au´-äv Brothers=, a Shoshone myth =1=: 44, 45.

    =Cincinnati=
      figurine found near =20=: 183.
      Indian name for =42=: 792.
      trail to =42=: 789.

    =Cincinnati Museum of Art=, acknowledgments to =20=: 16.

    =Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway=, trail followed
      by =42=: 744.

    =Cincinnati Southern Railroad=, trail followed by =42=: 842, 843.

    =Cincinnati Tablet= =2=: 133.

    =Cinder Cones=, ruins in =17=: 532.

    =Cinders=, use of, as tempering material =20=: 46.

    =Cinerary Urns= from Pueblo Viejo, description of =22, i=: 173, 181
      =sq.=

    =Cinnamomum=, cultivation of =38=: § 246.

    =Cinquefoil=
      medicinal use of =42=: 667.
      preparation of =35=: 535.
      steamed in box =35=: 536.
      use of =44=: 291, 342; =45=: 469, 494.

    =Cinquefoil Feast= =35=: 538-542.

    =Cinquefoil Garden= =35=: 189-192.

    =Cinquefoil Roots=
      as tribute to chief =35=: 1335 _sqq._
      bundles of =35=: 191, 192.
      cooked in kettle =35=: 542.
      digging of =35=: 188-194.
      long =35=: 190, 191.
      long, eaten by chiefs =35=: 541, 544.
      short =35=: 190, 191.
      short and long =35=: 539.
      short, eaten by common people =35=: 541, 544.

    =Ci-pa=, an ancient Hopi stopping place =13=: 189.

    =Cipactli=
      Aztec mythical animal, symbolizing the earth =19=: 684.
      symbol, discussion of =16=: 207, 212.
      symbol in Borgian Codex =16=: 213.

    =Cipaulovi=
      ceremony at =15=: 299.
      Snake ceremony at =16=: 273, 276, 296.
      Snake ceremony, description of =16=: 277-286.

    =Cipias=
      home of =28=: 220.
      mention of =19=: 598.

    =Cipias Pueblo=, location of =22, i=: 23.

    =Cipikne=
      description of picture of =21=: 60.
      personation of, in Pamürti =21=: 28.
      representation of, in Pamürti =21=: 27.

    =Cipomelli=, description of =21=: 104.

    =Circles=
      decoration by, eastern United States pottery =20=: 67.
      Iroquoian pottery =20=: 163.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 86.
      Omaha tribal =3=: 219 _sq._

    =Circles of Stones=, meaning of =45=: 282.

    =Circleville, Ohio=, trails =42=: 756, 786.

    =Circling of Cranes=, Eskimo legend of =18=: 480.

    =Circuit, Antisunwise= =47=: 284.

    =Circular-base Baskets= =38=: § 416-421.

    =Circular Doorway= of Kin-tiel, described =8=: 192.

    =Circular Houses= =38=: § 300-306.

    =Circular Kivas=
      absent in Cibolan pueblos =8=: 224.
      antiquity of =8=: 116.
      traditional references of =8=: 135.

    =Circular Mounds=
      map showing distribution of =37=: 77.
      _See also_ =Conical Mounds=.

    =Circular Room=
      at Kin-tiel =8=: 93.
      at Oraibi, Wash. =8=: 54 _sq._

    =Circular Ruins=, absence of, in Southern Pueblo area. =17=: 576.

    =Circular Wall= of kiva near Sikyatki =8=: 117.

    =Circumcision=
      among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 507.
      among the Machapunga =42=: 698.

    =Cirsium=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 288, 356, 360.

    =Cirsium Edule= =45=: 479.

    =Cirsium Hookerianum= =45=: 480.

    =Cirsium Undulatum= =45=: 480

    =Cisca=
      location of site of =42=: 847.
      trail from St. Augustine =42=: 846 _sq._

    =Cisco=, trail to =42=: 854.

    =Cisco and Middle Tennessee Trail=, route followed by =42=: 853.

    =Cist, Jacob=, vessel collected by =20=: 166.

    =Cist=
      burial, Doracho =1=: 115.
      burial, excavation of =16=: 101.
      burial, in cliff ruins =16=: 96, 130.
      graves, Indians of Illinois =1=: 114.
      graves, Kentucky =1=: 114, 115.
      in Awatobi kiva =17=: 612.
      in cavate lodges =17=: 542.
      near cavate houses =17=: 543.
      _See also_ =Cists=.

    =Cistercian Monks=, gestures of the =1=: 288, 364.

    =Cists=
      or stone graves =1=: 113.
      Solutré =1=: 113.
      Tennessee =1=: 113.
      _See also_ =Burial=; =Cist=; =Grave=; =Storage Cist=; =Water
        Pocket=.

    =Citadel, The= (_at Black Falls of Little Colorado River_)
      building material of =22, i=: 41.
      view of =22, i=: 43.

    =Citico=
      ambuscade at =19=: 65.
      an Indian village =42=: 750.

    =Cities, Stations, etc.=, named for wild rice =19=: 1117 _sq._

    =Citizen Potawotomi=, act of Congress affecting =18=: 940.

    =Citizenship=
      Cherokee, recommendation for =19=: 114.
      in Cherokee Nation, decision of =19=: 152, 154, 156.

    =Cītlka´.= _See_ =Sitka=.

    =Citoto=
      appearance of, in Palülükoñti =21=: 52.
      description of =21=: 95.

    =Citrullus Citrullus= =33=: 120.

    =Citrullus Vulgaris= Shrad., Pima food plant =26=: 75.

    =Citulilü=
      derivation of =21=: 125.
      description of =21=: 107, 108.
      dressed like Hopi Snake priests =21=: 108.

    =City Life=, economic limitations of =42=: 726.

    =Ciucut=, synonym of Syutjun =44=: 36.

    =Civan=, application of term =28=: 46.

    =Cívanaváaki=, Pima name for Casa Grande =28=: 33, 43.

    =Ci-vă-nŏ=
      Pima legendary chief =28=: 71.
      _See also_ =Sí-va-no=.

    =Cí-va-nŏ-qi=, name applied to Casa Grande =28=: 71.

    =Civics, Primitive=, investigated by American ethnologists =21=:
      XXI.

    =Civil War=
      Cherokee attitude during the =19=: 148 _sq._
      Cherokee loss in the =19=: 356.
      Cherokee suffering from the =19=: 148.
      East Cherokee part in the =19=: 161 _sq._, 168-172.
      effect of the, on the Creeks =42=: 330, 332.
      in the far Southwest =26=: 48, 90.
      Omaha in the =27=: 635.

    =Civilization=
      autonomy of =17=: 176* _sq._
      economic limitations to =42=: 725 _sq._
      effect of, on the Arapaho and Cheyenne =14=: 1027.
      effect of, on Indians =14=: 675, 829.
      effect of, on savagery =14=: 669.
      effect of, on the Caddo =14=: 1094.
      in Yukon =46=: 133.
      influence of protection of, on Pueblo architecture =19=: 642.
      of the Eskimo =46=: 92, 181, 366.
      Siouan tribes modified by =15=: 172, 185.
      _See also_ =Christianity=.

    =Ciwanu=, Hopi clan, reference to =19=: 583.

    =Ciwikoli=
      derivation of =21=: 125.
      description of =21=: 96, 97.

    =Clackama=
      four-stick game of the =24=: 328.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 800, 818.
      population of the =7=: 66.

    =Claflin, William=, petition of, for Casa Grande repair =15=: CIII.

    =Claiborne=, _General_ --
      defeat of Creeks at Holy Ground by =19=: 92.
      on Alabama migration =19=: 99.

    =Claim=, _or_ =Demand=
      mode of presenting =10=: 374 _sq._
      pictograph for =4=: 159.

    =Clairvoyance= at Isleta =47=: 247 _sq._

    =Clallam=
      canoe burial of the =1=: 173, 174.
      games of the =24=:
        cat’s cradle 772.
        dice games 155 _sq._
        hand games 299.
        shinny 632.
        shuttlecock 717.
        stick games 249.
        tops 741.
      house burial of the =1=: 175.
      language distinct from Chimakum =7=: 62.
      tribe, mention of the =41=: 136.
      population of the =7=: 105.

    =Clam Shells=
      beads of =44=: 163 _sq._
      disks of =44=: 153.
      in manufacture of ornaments =2=: 263.
      in manufacture of wampum =2=: 190, 226, 238, 257.
      medicinal use of =44=: 331.
      pendants made of =44=: 149, 150.
      representations of, Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 94,
        100.
      used as implements =2=: 190, 205, 207.
      utensils of =2=: 190.
      _See also_ =Pismo Clamshell=.

    =Clammy Weed=, used in ceremony =30=: 96.

    =Clams, Billy=, a Shaker enthusiast =14=: 756.

    =Clams=
      as bait =35=: 162, 178, 181, 183.
      dug on beaches =31=: 45.
      opening of =35=: 179.
      Seri method of taking and eating =17=: 195*.
      steamed, with devilfish =35=: 474.
      with seaweed =35=: 516.

    =Clan=
      adoptive members of =20=: XCV, XCVIII.
      definition of =15=: CIV, CVII, 213; =20=: XCII _sq._
      features of =19=: XLIX, L.
      marriage laws of =20=: XCIV, XCVIII-C.
      members of, living in groups =41=: 553.
      organization of =17=: XXXII.
      property laws of =20=: CI.
      reference to =27=: 195.
      rites and taboos of =20=: XCIV.
      system of Siouan Indians =15=: 177, 187.
      totems of =20=: XCIV.
      woman determines, among the Pueblo =33=: 219.
      _See also_ =Clans=; etc.; =Totem=.

    =Clan Animals=
      as guardian spirits =37=: 195 _sq._
      as property mark =37=: 203.
      attitude toward =37=: 195 _sq._
      painted on beds =42=: 182, 235.
      relationship to =37=: 196 _sqq._
      _See also_ =Totem=; =Totem Animals=.

    =Clan Associations= =42=: 120-158, 165, 166.

    =Clan Consciousness= =37=: 435.

    =Clan Councils=
      description of =42=: 122.
      list of =42=: 123-127.
      meeting of =42=: 306.

    =Clan Designation= =4=: 167.

    =Clan Divisions=
      early data regarding =44=: 191.
      modern contributions regarding =44=: 191.

    =Clan Feasts=
      nature of =37=: 317.
      of the Winnebago =37=: 318-321.

    =Clan House I, Casa Grande=
      burial found in =28=: 117, 127, 139.
      description of =28=: 106-110.
      excavation and repair of =28=: 41 _sq._
      “Seat” excavation in =28=: 46.

    =Clan Masks=
      sanctity of =21=: 109.
      unused, description of =21=: 109-112.

    =Clan Names=, derived from plants =30=: 37, 86.

    =Clan Organization=
      absent among the Kiowa =17=: 227.
      discussion of =47=: 202 _sq._
      of the Seri =17=: 10 _sq._, 166* _sq._, 168* _sq._, 269*-274*.

    =Clan Revenge=, among Cherokee, abolition of 19: 86 _sq._, 107.

    =Clan Songs=
      of warrior clans =37=: 219, 220
      use of =37=: 204.

    =Clan System=
      comparison of different forms of =42=: 695 _sq._
      of the Antilleans =25=: 33 _sq._, 42
      unknown to the Arapaho =14=: 956.
      unknown to the Comanche =14=: 1044
      unknown to the Kiowa =14=: 1079.

    =Clan Totems=, absence of =46=: 435.

    =Clan Worship=, germs of, in Snake and Flute societies =19=: 1006.

    =Clans=
      and ceremonies =47=: 39.
      and initiation =47=: 39.
      and labor =47=: 39.
      and marriage =47=: 35, 36, 39.
      and officials =47=: 38.
      and sickness or death =47=: 39.
      Asa, mention of =33=: 266, 267, 273, 279.
      association of, in moieties =42=: 162-166.
      associations of, with town =42=: 275.
      at Laguna =47=: 352.
      Badger, mention of =33=: 266, 267, 273, 279.
      Bear, earliest settlers of Walpi =33=: 264.
      Bear, Flute, Snake =33=: 216, 265.
      Bear, mention of =33=: 265.
      Buli (Poli), mention of =33=: 267, 273.
      Cherokee =19=: 212 _sq._; =42=: 118.
      Chickasaw =19=: 499.
      Choctaw =19=: 500.
      classification of katcinas by =21=: 18.
      conception of tie between members of =37=: 198.
      connection of =24=: 155.
      connection of, with offices =42=: 304 _sq._
      customs connected with =42=: 166-170.
      descent of, from female ancestors =42=: 110.
      descent of, from totem animals =42=: 110.
      determination of =19=: 651 _sq._
      discussion of =42=: 114, 118, 126.
      discussion of seating of =42=: 237-241.
      distribution of =42=: 267-273.
      distribution of, with reference to land and town =42=: 170-174.
      dual division of =42=: 156.
      exogamous =47=: 34.
      extinct, Hopi, disposal of masks of =21=: 17.
      Flute, mention of =33=: 265.
      formerly occupying Sikyatki =17=: 636.
      functions of =47=: 39.
      furnishing chiefs =42=: 50, 192, 197.
      furnishing henihas =42=: 192-197.
      grading of =42=: 168.
      Hano, mention of =33=: 266.
      henihalgi, discussion of =42=: 194 _sq._
      holding chieftainship, discussion of =42=: 196 _sq._
      how linked into phratries =42=: 121.
      husbands and wives of =47=: 36.
      immaterial possessions of =33=: 203.
      influence of, in marriage =42=: 166 _sq._
      influence of, on ceremonial organization =33=: 204.
      influence of, on Pueblo architecture =19=: 646 _sqq._
      introduction of katcinas by =21=: 17.
      Kachina, mention of =33=: 266, 267, 279.
      Kokop, or Firewood, supposed founders of Sikyatki =33=: 218.
      list of =37=: 190 _sq._; =42=: 115 _sqq._; =47=: 35.
      local separation of =42=: 170.
      localization of, in Pueblos =16=: 194.
      marks of identification in =33=: 203.
      memoir on localization of, in Tusayan =19=: XLI.
      Muscogee =19=: 499.
      names of, discussion of =37=: 182.
      of Awatobi =17=: 610.
      of Küküchomo and Sikyatki =17=: 587, 588.
      of the Sia =11=: 19.
      of the Upper Missouri Indians =46=: 434 _sq._
      of the Zuñi =13=: 368, 372, 386.
      of Walpi and Sichumovi =19=: 582 _sqq._
      organization of =37=: 190 _sqq._
      origin of =42=: 273 _sqq._
      part taken by, in marriage =42=: 374 _sq._
      political functions of =37=: 199 _sqq._
      position of, in beds or arbors =42=: 197, 200, 241.
      preceded by village groups =37=: 185.
      precedence of, in war =42=: 43.
      property marks of =37=: 79, 203.
      reciprocal relationships of =37=: 201.
      relation of katcinas to =21=: 45.
      relation of, to natural phenomena =13=: 370.
      retaliation by, for murder =42=: 345.
      rights of, on war parties =42=: 433.
      seating of, in council lodge =37=: 163.
      seating of, summary of =42=: 237.
      segregation of, after death =42=: 701.
      Seneca =19=: 483.
      separation of, in gentes =42=: 165 _sq._
      Shawano =19=: 494.
      Snake, mention of =33=: 265, 266.
      songs of =37=: 204.
      specific possessions of =37=: 202 _sq._
      stories of origin of =42=: 107-114.
      Tanoan, influence on third ceramic epoch =33=: 217.
      Tanoan, mention of =33=: 266.
      Tewa, reference to =29=: 61 _sq._
      Tobacco, mention of =33=: 270, 271.
      towns, phratries and moieties, tabulation of =42=: 158-162.
      unit of organization in War-bundle Feast =37=: 436.
      Zuñi =23=: 40-43.
      Zuñi, choosing of names =23=: 40.
      Zuñi, size of =47=: 477.
      _See also_ =Bear Clan=; =Bird Clan=; =Buffalo Clan=; =Clan=;
        =Clans, Chickasaw=; =Clans, Tlingit=; =Deer Clan=; =Eagle Clan=;
        =Elk Clan=; =Fish Clan=; =Hawk Clan=; =Pigeon Clan=; =Snake
        Clan=; =Soldier Clan=; =Thunderbird Clan=; =Warrior Clan=;
        =Water-spirit Clan=; =Wolf Clan=.

    =Clans, Chickasaw=
      arrangement of, in groups =44=: 192.
      chiefs of =44=: 213 _sqq._
      lists of =44=: 192, 196.
      rank of =44=: 191, 192, 197.
      stories about =44=: 198-203.

    =Clans, Tlingit=
      by tribes and house groups =26=: 400-407.
      by tribes and phratries =26=: 398, 400.
      caste =26=: 427.
      emblems of =26=: 415, 420.
      history of =26=: 407-414.
      influence of racial differences =26=: 408.
      names of =26=: 421 _sqq._
      spirits belonging to =26=: 465.

    =Clapin, Sylva=, on lacrosse =24=: 563.

    =Clarence, Port.= _See_ =Port Clarence=.

    =Clarendon=, _Lord_, grant to =18=: 530.

    =Clark=, --
      assignment of tract to Delawares by =18=: 725.
      _See also_ =Lewis and Clark=; =Robinson Episode=.

    =Clark=, _General_ --, visit to, by Känakûk =14=: 693 _sq._

    =Clark, Charles W.=, acknowledgments to =42=: 731.

    =Clark, John=
      donation of clay pipe by =12=: 258.
      house sites on land of, in Mississippi =12=: 258.

    =Clark, J. S.=, photographs made by =2=: 252.

    =Clark, J. V. H.=, cited =12=: 503, 545, 547.

    =Clark=, _Miss_ =May S.=
      acknowledgment to =11=: 78.
      retirement of =48=: 21.
      work of =25=: XXV; =26=: XXXI; =27=: 13; =29=: 24; =37=: 31; =39=:
        28; =40=: 20; =41=: 21, 44, 73, 95, 116; =42=: 19; =43=: 19;
        =44=: 18; =45=: 19; =46=: 16; =47=: 14; =48=: 21.

    =Clark, Robert=, appointment of, as steward of Calverton Manor =18=:
      573.

    =Clark, Thomas F.=, _jr._
      transfer of =36=: 34.
      work of =36=: 31.

    =Clark=, _Gov._ =William=
      instructed to end Cherokee hostilities =5=: 22, 222.
      Menomini treaty commissioner =14=: 20, 21.
      Osage-Cherokee conference arranged by =19=: 105, 137.
      Sioux calendar stick found by =26=: 35.

    =Clark, W. P.=
      on absence of clans among Plains tribes =17=: 227.
      on Apache picture records =17=: 142.
      on Apache tribal sign =17=: 246.
      on Bannock chronology =17=: 372.
      on Cheyenne characteristics =14=: 1027.
      on Cheyenne divisions =14=: 1025.
      on Cheyenne early habitat =14=: 1024, 1029.
      on Crow and Hidatsa separation =17=: 154, 155.
      on Dakota and Cheyenne chronology =17=: 371, 372.
      on Kiowa Apache migration =17=: 248.
      on Kiowa character =17=: 235.
      on Kiowa divisions =17=: 229.
      on Kiowa military orders =17=: 230.
      on Mandan tribal sign =17=: 159.
      on meaning of Hunkpapa =14=: 1059.
      on meaning of Ogalala =14=: 1058.
      on origin of name Pawnee =17=: 291.
      on Pawnee runners =17=: 260.
      on Sioux characteristics =14=: 1059.
      on Sioux custom of beheading =17=: 260.
      on slaughter of Cheyenne and Kiowa by the Pawnee =17=: 175.
      on smallpox among the Blackfeet =17=: 275.

    =Clark Creek=, reference to =27=: 100.

    =Clarke, Ben=
      on absence of clans among the Cheyenne =14=: 956.
      local source of sign language =1=: 317.

    =Clarke=, _Prof._ =F. W.=
      analysis of iron from mound by =5=: 91.
      analysis of pigment by =11=: 142.
      analysis of silver foil by =12=: 501.
      cited =30=: 41.

    =Clarke, G. R.=, grant of land to =18=: 657.

    =Clarke, H. E.= =46=: 48.

    =Clarke, J. C.=
      collection contributed by =42=: 4.
      collection secured by =42=: 19.

    =Clarke, Peter=, on Iroquoian migrations =19=: 189.

    =Clarke, W. M.=, petroglyphs reported by =10=: 115.

    =Clarke County, Mo.=, mounds in =5=: 43.

    =Clarksville, Tenn.=, petroglyphs near =10=: 114.

    =Clarksville, Va.=
      Occaneechi town near =42=: 778, 779.
      trail near =42=: 764.
      ware of =20=: 149.

    =Classic Pantomimes= =1=: 286.

    =Classification=
      linguistic principles of =17=: 300.
      morphological, of languages of America =24=: XXII.
      of arrows =38=: § 134.
      of baskets =38=: § 448.
      of burial =1=: 92.
      of Bureau of American Ethnology researches =15=: LXIX.
      of canyon ruins =16=: 92, 93.
      of celts =38=: § 7.
      of expenditures for fiscal year =2=: XXXVII; =3=: 93.
      of form, Mississippi Valley pottery =4=: 375.
      of games =24=: 31, 44 _sq._, 809.
      of hammocks =38=: § 479.
      of houses =38=: § 298.
      of Indian languages, literature relating to =7=: 12-25.
      of Indian tribal names =24=: XXIV _sq._, 36-43.
      of Indian tribes =14=: XXVII.
      of linguistic families =7=: 8, 12.
      of masks =3=: 93.
      of mats =38=: § 394.
      of Peruvian trephining =16=: 17, 71.
      of Pueblo ruins =16=: 89, 154.
      of pottery =4=: 272, 304, 306.
      of Siouan stock =17=: 127 _sq._, 300*, 344*.
      of stone art =13=: 57, 142.
      of trays =38=: § 402.
      _See also_ =Anthropology=.

    =Clatsop=
      games of the =24=:
        hand game 282.
        unclassified games 781, 782.

    =Claude.= _See_ =Konot=.

    =Clauton, M. E.=, bid of, for repair of Casa Grande =15=: 339.

    =Clavering=, _Captain_ ----, Greenland Eskimo researches of =7=: 72.

    Claviceps Purpura, destructive to wild rice =19=: 1027.

    =Claviceps sp.=, destructive to wild rice =19=: 1027.

    =Clavigero, Francisco Javier=
      on Californian food habits =17=: 209*, 212*.
      on cities founded by Cortés =25=: 243.
      on Mayan feast days at opening of century =19=: 675.
      on Mexican calendar system =19=: 935.
      on Mexican division of year =19=: 955.
      on Mexican method of counting =19=: 920.
      on Nahuatl method of counting large numbers =19=: 884.
      view of, on Mexican year symbols =3=: 43.

    =Clavigero, Francisco S.=
      cited =12=: 672.
      on Indian food =9=: 523.
      on Indian labrets =9=: 497.
      on Indian mats of reeds =9=: 527 _sq._
      on signification of Mexican term =16=: 244.

    =Clavigero, F. X.=
      on use of shell ornaments =2=: 256.
      on vessels in Mexico =2=: 193.

    =Clavrie, Louis=, mounds on land of =44=: 410.

    =Claw Pattern=
      in arrow-feathering =38=: § 132.
      in basketry =38=: § 445.

    =Claw-and-Mirror Trick 14=: 99 _sq._

    =Claws=
      animal, use of, in battle =14=: 790.
      attached to amulet =14=: 904.
      of birds, used with embroidery =13=: 28.
      symbolic use of =15=: 169.
      used in Ghost dance =14=: 916.

    =Clay, Henry=
      opposition to removal project by =19=: 129.
      resolution by, regarding title to Texas =5=: 355.
      sympathy with Cherokee =5=: 287.

    =Clay, Jesse=
      a Peyote leader =37=: 419.
      account by, of Peyote ceremony =37=: 415-419.
      innovation of =37=: 422.

    =Clay=
      baking oven griddle or hearth of =38=: § 362, 364.
      Cherokee and Catawba pottery =20=: 53 _sq._, 55, 56.
      colored, use of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 20.
      cooking cylinders supporting the hearth =38=: § 364.
      eastern United States pottery =20=: 45 _sq._
      Eskimo paint made of =18=: 198.
      Eskimo toys made of =18=: 343.
      Eskimo utensils made of =18=: 63 _sq._
      first use of, in the arts =20=: 49.
      flute made of =38=: § 562.
      for pottery, description of =26=: 124 _sqq._
      influence of strength of, on forms of vessels =20=: 62.
      Iroquoian pipes =20=: 173.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 155, 158.
      mixed with certain ingredients =38=: § 90.
      modeling in 3=0=: 139 _sq._; =38=: § 612.
      musical instruments, etc., of =38=: § 557.
      on the head, significance of =27=: 129.
      pigments, red =38=: § 28.
      pots and vessels of =38=: § 389-391.
      pottery =38=: § 89.
      Tewa name for =29=: 582.
      trumpet made of =38=: § 556.
      use of, as paint =20=: 42, 86.
      use of, in pottery =15=: 21.
      use of, in protecting vines used in suspension from fire =20=: 58.
      used by Zuñis in making pottery =2=: 329.
      used to cover fire =41=: 500, 501.
      _See also_ =Color=: =Material=; =Paint=; =Paste=; =Pottery=;
        =Washes=.

    =Clay Articles=
      catalogues of =3=: 531-575.
      composition of =2=: 325.
      decoration of =2=: 322.
      from Acoma =2=: 404.
      from Canyon de Chelly =2=: 419.
      from Cochiti =2=: 405, 459.
      from Cuyamunque =2=: 436.
      from Jemez =2=: 417, 452
      from Laguna =2=: 399.
      from Nambé =2=: 439.
      from Old Pecos =2=: 418.
      from Old Pojuaque =2=: 441.
      from other localities =2=: 421.
      from Pictograph Rocks =2=: 420.
      from Pojuaque =2=: 439.
      from San Ildefonso =2=: 461.
      from San Juan =2=: 416, 456.
      from Santa Ana =2=: 458.
      from Santo Domingo =2=: 409, 451.
      from Silla =2=: 454.
      from Taos =2=: 464.
      from Tesuke =2=: 410, 450.
      from the Jicarilla Apache =2=: 417.
      from Wolpi =2=: 378.
      from Zuñi =2=: 343.
      measurements of =2=: 323.

    =Clay Balls=, appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 115.

    =Clay Basket=, use of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 107.

    =Clay-eating=
      custom of, in different parts of the world =9=: 537-540.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 253.
      with potatoes =30=: 71.

    =Clay Heads.= _See_ =Pottery=.

    =Clay Old Woman=, a supernatural =47=: 343.

    =Clay Surface= of Pueblo roofs =8=: 151.

    =Clay Tubes= used as roof drains =8=: 155.

    =Clayborne, William=, claims to land in Maryland by =18=: 571, 572.

    =Clayoquot=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 196.
        hand game 319.
        ring and pin 528, 558 _sq._

    =Clays and Pigments=
      specimens of, from Zuñi =2=: 367.
      used by Santa Clara Indians in manufacture of pottery =2=: 331.

    =Clayton, J. B.=
      custodian of manuscripts =31=: 23.
      work of =25=: XXIV; =26=: XXXI; =27=: 13; =28=: 14, 18; =29=: 24;
        =30=: 24.

    =Clayton, Powell=, mounds on land of =12=: 242.

    =Claytonia Lanceolata= =45=: 482, 511.

    =Cleaners= for pipe bowls, Eskimo =18=: 281 _sq._

    =Cleanliness=, native houses, Savonga =46=: 92.

    =Cleansing Ceremony= =47=: 307-314.

    =Clear Creek=, caves on =28=: 188.

    =Clear Creek Canyon=, cliff houses in, reference to =22, i=: 20.

    =Clear Lake.= _See_ =Round Valley Reserve=.

    =Clematis Columbiana=, use of =45=: 459.

    =Clematis Ligusticifolia=, use of =45=: 459.

    =Clemclemalats=, stick games of the =24=: 249.

    =Clément, Basil=, interpreter, on Winter count =4=: 90, 91, 111,
      113, 120, 122.

    =Clement, Clara Erskine=, Handbook of Legendary and Mythologic Art
      =4=: 54.

    =Clements, C. C.=, special agent on Cherokee claims =5=: 308.

    =Clerical Work= of the Bureau of American Ethnology =25=: X, XXIV
      _sq._; =29=: 24; etc.

    =Cleu, J. F.=, split-cane matting found by =13=: 37.

    =Cleveland, F.=, shell vessels described by =2=: 97.

    =Cleveland, Henry J.=, agent for Pima =26=: 32.

    =Cleveland=, _Rev._ =William J.=
      cited =4=: 129.
      Oglala gentes obtained by =15=: 220.
      on Sitcaⁿxu gentes =15=: 218.
      on tree and scaffold burial =1=: 158.

    =Clickahut=, a Klû´kătät synonym =14=: 738.

    =Clickitat=, a Klû´kătät synonym =14=: 738.

    =Cliff Dwellers=
      definition of =17=: 531.
      home of =23=: 13, 14.
      mention of =4=: 202, 304, 305.
      preservation of grave of =41=: 52.
      Pueblo, relationship of, with Pima =26=: 144.
      supposed builders of Sun temple =37=: 6.

    =Cliff Dwellings=
      absence of chimney in =8=: 168.
      absence of, in Verde Valley =13=: 187, 260.
      and Zuñi ruins compared =13=: 344.
      built by Zuñi ancestors =13=: 343.
      decorated fabrics from =28=: 148.
      developed from temporary shelters =8=: 217.
      examination of =7=: XVIII-XXIV.
      implements from =24=:
        Canyon de Chelly 717, 751.
        Chaco Canyon 648.
        Mancos Canyon 47, 427, 648.
      in Arizona =13=: 224.
      in Colorado =28=: 151.
      in Sierra Madre, Mexico =28=: 151.
      in Upper Verde region =28=: 188, 194.
      in Verde Valley =28=: 198.
      mention of =4=: 284, 286, 293, 478, 479, 480.
      Moen-kopi =8=: 54.
      nomenclature of =13=: 359.
      occupied in historic times =8=: 225.
      pictographs in =28=: 197.
      pottery of =28=: 137, 138, 139, 141.
      resemblances among =28=: 151.
      use of term =28=: 117, 193.
      use of whitewash in =8=: 74.
      why constructed =13=: 260, 347.
      _See also_ =Cavate-lodge=; =Cliff Houses=.

    =Cliff Houses=
      age of, in Red Rocks =17=: 545.
      and Pueblos similar =17=: 537.
      formerly occupied by the Hopi =17=: 578.
      human hand figures on =17=: 668.
      in Arizona, character of =22, i=: 187.
      in Arizona, discovery of, by Doctor Russel =22, i=: XIII.
      in Walnut Canyon =17=: 532.
      of the Red Rocks =17=: 548, 549.
      of Verde Valley, classification of =17=: 536.
      _See also_ =Cliff Dwellings=.

    =Cliff Palace=
      and Honanki, comparison of =17=: 552.
      repair of =30=: 21.
      views of =30=: 30.

    =Cliff Ruins=
      classification of =16=: 155.
      of Canyon de Chelly, memoir on =16=: XCI, 73-198.
      researches among =15=: XXXVII, XLIII, XLVII; =16=: XIX, XX, XXIII,
        XXVI, XXVII, XXX, XXXVIII, XL, XLIII, XLVII, L, LXI, LXVII.

    =Cliff’s Ranch=, pictographs near =17=: 548.

    =Clifton, Tenn.=, flint workshop near =44=: 521.

    =Clifton, W. Va.=
      Indian remains at =42=: 755.
      mounds =5=: 55, 58.

    =Clifton Quarry=
      collections from =15=: LIX.
      pipestem from =15=: 133.
      researches in =15=: LI, LV, LXXV, 108, 113.

    =Climate=
      beliefs concerning =45=: 176 _sq._
      effect of, on development of arts =20=: 22 _sq._
      influence of, on breadth of nose =46=: 242, 267, 268, 269.
      of Cibola, Coronado’s account of =14=: 559.
      of cliff ruin region =16=: 83.
      of country of Western Eskimo =18=: 23.
      of Pimería, general character of =26=: 36, 56, 155.
      of Pimería, winds =26=: 154.
      of Point Barrow, Alaska =9=: 30 _sqq._
      of Sonoran province =17=: 23 _sqq._
      of the Ungava district =11=: 172.
      of Upper Missouri =46=: 410.
      of Zuñi =47=: 473 _sq._

    =Climatic Conditions=, effect of, upon Pueblo architecture =8=: 140,
      227.

    =Clinch River=
      ford of =42=: 794 _sq._
      fort on, at Tennessee River =42=: 841.

    =Clinch River and Cumberland Gap Trail 42=: 845 _sq._

    =Clinch River Valley=, trail through =42=: 770.

    =Clinton, G. P.=, on wild rice in Illinois =19=: 1029.

    =Clintonia Borealis=, use of =44=: 288, 354, 377.

    =Cloet, Jan=, permit to purchase land issued to =18=: 579.

    =Closed Stone Yokes 25=: 253.

    =Cloth=
      from Pueblo ruins, fragmentary specimens of, preservation of =22,
        i=: 97.
      methods of manufacture of =13=: 22.
      used in imbrication =41=: 226.
      _See also_ =Fabrics=; =Weaving=.

    =Cloth Screen=, use of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 41, 42.

    =Clothes and Body Decoration= of the Guiana Indians =38=: p.
      419-449.

    =Clothing=
      affected by advent of trader =27=: 616.
      at meetings of Hethu´shka =27=: 461.
      ceremonial =39=: 196.
      cost of =46=: 585-588.
      decorated with hair =46=: 560.
      general description of =27=: 354 _sqq._
      genesis of =17=: 231* _sq._
      made of skins =46=: 504, 506.
      materials for =27=: 272, 347 _sq._
      men’s =40=: 329, 344; 45: 66-70; 46: 589 _sq._
      mention of =33=: 620, 621, 628.
      modern =45=: 80 _sq._
      of ancient Southwesterners =13=: 358.
      of children =45=: 72 _sq._
      of ceremonial attendants =40=: 257.
      of dance leader =40=: 504.
      of head chief, used as talisman =42=: 432.
      of members of Pebble society =27=: 565.
      of members of Shell society =27=: 519.
      of the Assiniboin =46=: 464 _sq._, 584-590.
      of the Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 65-81.
      of the Eskimo =18=: 30-44.
      of the Flathead =45=: 334-339.
      of the Hopi =14=: 517.
      of the Indians at Quivira =14=: 582.
      of the Indians at Sonora =14=: 515.
      of the Indians taken by Spaniards =14=: 495.
      of the Northern Indians =11=: 208, 281.
      of the Okanagan =45=: 225 _sq._, 230-236.
      of the Pima =26=: 117 _sq._, 157 _sq._
      of the Plains Indians =14=: 507.
      of the Pueblo Indians =14=: 404, 517, 549, 562, 563, 569, 573,
        586, 595
      of the Seri =17=: 10, 224*-232*.
      of the Seri, decoration of =17=: 171* _sqq._
      of the Siouan Indians =15=: 172.
      of the Winnebago; men’s, description of =37=: 106.
      of warriors =27=: 409 _sqq._
      origin of =27=: 71.
      ornamentation of =45=: 236.
      renewal of =46=: 588.
      rites for obtaining =27=: 195.
      robes =27=: 354, 356-362.
      special, for war =45=: 118 _sq._
      storage of, in caches =27=: 98 _sq._
      women’s =40=: 344; =45=: 70 _sq._; =46=: 587 _sq._
      worn in Kashim =18=: 287.
      worn while sleeping =46=: 590.
      _See also_ =Adornment=; =Clothing, Eskimo=; =Costumes=; =Dress=;
        =Spinning=; =Weaving=.

    =Clothing, Eskimo= (_of Point Barrow_).
      arm clothing =9=: 123 _sqq._
      belts =9=: 135-138.
      belt fasteners =9=: 138.
      boots =9=: 129-135.
      breeches =9=: 125-129.
      frocks, description of =9=: 113-121.
      frocks, trimming of =9=: 114, 119.
      gloves =9=: 124.
      head clothing =9=: 112.
      ice creepers =9=: 135.
      leg and foot clothing =9=: 128-135.
      mantles =9=: 121 _sq._
      material of =9=: 109 _sq._
      mittens =9=: 123, 125.
      ornaments =9=: 138.
      pantaloons =9=: 126-129.
      rain frocks =9=: 122.
      shoes =9=: 129-135.
      stockings =9=: 129.
      style of =9=: 110-138.

    =Clothing, Omaha=
      children’s =3=: 265.
      dressing hides for =3=: 310.
      mention of =3=: 310 _sq._
      preparation of =3=: 310.

    =Clothing Bags= of the Eskimo =18=: 43 _sq._, 204.

    =Cloud, Leslie=
      information furnished by =42=: 198, 216.
      medicine-maker of Tuskegee =42=: 549.
      myth related by =42=: 636.

    =Cloud=
      leaf-strand figure of =38=: § 621.
      myths of =11=: 37.
      Serian and Yuman words meaning =17=: 340* _sq._
      string figures of =38=: § 659, 686.
      symbolized by death mask =15=: 312.
      symbols in Hopi pictography =15=: 311.
      symbols in Zuñi and Walpi =15=: 309.
      symbols of meal =15=: 285.
      symbols on Tusayan headdress =15=: 269.
      symbols on Tusayan kilts =15=: 295.
      _See also_ =Clouds=; =Rain-cloud=.

    =Cloud Clan=
      same as Okuwañ clan =19=: 615, 621.
      _See also_ =Patki Clan=.

    =Cloud Design.= _See_ =Terrace Cloud Design=.

    =Cloud Emblems.= _See_ =Rain-cloud Designs=.

    =Cloud Horse=, visit of, to Wovoka =14=: 797, 819.

    =Cloud People=, clans of =22, i=: 24.

    =Cloud River=, stone-chipping by natives of =13=: 141.

    =Cloud Shield=
      chart =4=: 95, 129, 146.
      Winter Count of =10=: 269-523.
      _See also_ =Corbusier Winter Counts=.

    =Cloud Symbols=
      comparison of =16=: 223.
      in the codices =16=: 222, 258.
      in Tusayan sand pictures =16=: 278, 287, 300.
      on Oraibi kilts =16=: 293.
      on Tusayan altars =16=: 291, 299.

    =Clouds=
      as supernaturals =47=: 66.
      belief concerning =47=: 487.
      descent of man from =30=: 141.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 239 _sq._, 249, 348 _sq._
      in Pima song =26=: 305, 314, 333, 334.
      representation of, in pottery decoration =20=: 100.
      signification of =23=: 21.
      signs and symbols for =10=: 700 _sq._
      songs of the =39=: 351-355.
      terms relating to =29=: 54-57.
      _See also_ =Cloud=.

    =Clough Farm=, mounds on =44=: 500.

    =Clover=
      cooking of =35=: 527, 531.
      digging of =35=: 186 _sqq._
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 421.
      preparation of =32=: 528.
      purple prairie =33=: 94.
      white prairie =33=: 94.

    =Clover Garden= =35=: 186 _sq._

    =Clover Root=
      baked =35=: 533.
      raw =35=: 534.

    =Clown-Priest=, figures on Hopi pottery =17=: 659.

    =Clowns=
      appearance of, in Hopi foot races =21=: 114.
      appearance of, in Hopi katcina pictures =21=: 76, 78, 83.
      association of, with Piptuka =21=: 116.
      association of, with war =47=: 345.
      association of, with Wiktcina =21=: 116.
      function of =47=: 498.
      in Hopi Calako =15=: 297, 298.
      in Hopi ceremonies =15=: 261, 265, 267, 274, 285, 293.
      participation in Powamû dance by =21=: 33, 91, 92.
      personation of, in Pamürti =21=: 27.
      struggle of, with Great Snake effigy =21=: 87.
      _See also_ =Koyemci=; =Tcukuwimpkya=.

    =Club=
      Guiana Indian, for dancing =38=: § 593.
      Guiana Indian, for fighting =38=: § 149-154.
      songs of decorating the =39=: 355-358.
      used as Eskimo weapon =9=: 191.
      _See also_ =Clubs=.

    =Club Heads=, stones used as =13=: 97, 98, 100.

    =Club Men=, an Arapaho warrior order =14=: 987.

    =Clubhouse= (_or_ =Kû´dyĭgi=) of the Eskimo =9=: 79 _sq._

    =Clubs=
      for killing fish, Eskimo =18=: 184.
      for killing seals, Eskimo =18=: 127.
      of deer-horn made by the Iroquois =13=: 143.
      of jasper, description of =13=: 143.
      of North Carolina Indians =13=: 144.
      stone heads of =46=: 134, 135, 148.
      war, of the Omaha =13=: 283.
      _See also_ =Batons=; =Club=; =War-clubs=.

    =Clubs, Indian= =14=: 498.

    =Cluster Lily=, use of =45=: 481, 482.

    =Clustering of Tâaaiyalana Ruins= =8=: 89 _sq._

    =Clute.= _See_ =Cloet, Jan=.

    =Coa.= _See_ =Planting Sticks= (_Antillean_).

    =Coachman, Ward=
      head chief =42=: 331.
      second chief =42=: 331.

    =Coahuila=
      a Mexican state =14=: 545.
      _See also_ =Cahwia=; =Kahwea=; =Kawia=; =Mission Indians=; =Tule
        River Reserve=.

    =Coahuiltecan Family= =7=: 68, 69.

    =Coahuilteco=, linguistic relations of =42=: 678.

    =Coal=
      of the Point Barrow region, Alaska =9=: 61.
      Tewa name for =39=: 580.
      used in pottery firing, mineral =4=: 495, 496.

    =Coal River Trail= =43=: 770.

    =Coale, Charles B.=, on pictographs =4=: 33.

    =Coast, Western Alaskan=, crania from =46=: 254, 256.

    =Coast and Geodetic Survey.= _See_ =United States Coast and Geodetic
      Survey=.

    =Coast and Interior Cultures=, contrasted =42=: 718-724.

    =Coast and Interior People=, relations of =42=: 724 _sqq._

    =Coast Indians=, name of, in sign language =45=: 147.

    =Coast Pilots= of Alaska =46=: 179.

    =Coast Range Region, Calif.=, field work in =20=: X.

    =Coast Reserve=. _See_ =Siletz River=.

    =Coat Shooting= of the Dakota =24=: 392.

    =Coatepec, Mexico=, ruins at =26=: XV.

    =Cobbles=
      Seri use of, as tools and weapons =17=: 234*-246*, 248*, 255*.
      _See also_ =Bowlder=.

    =Coça=
      punishment in, for adultery =42=: 347.
      Spanish visits to =19=: 23, 24, 26, 29, 194, 200 _sq._

    =Cochin=, letter from, to Mendoza =14=: 412.

    =Cochitemi=, a Keresan dialect =7=: 83.

    =Cochiti=
      claimed to be a former Tewa pueblo =8=: 37.
      population of =7=: 83.
      stone cougars of =26=: XVIII.

    =Cochiti Indian=
      cardinal directions of =29=: 42.
      communal huts of =29=: 414.
      conception of sun and moon by =29=: 46.
      geographic names of =29=: 100.
      language of =29=: 521.
      legends of =29=: 452 _sq._
      name applied to =29=: 574.
      name for cloud =29=: 54.
      pottery of =29=: 457.
      region claimed by =29=: 409.
      shrines of =29=: 419 _sq._, 428.
      successive homes of =29=: 412, 418, 433 _sq._, 435, 440 _sq._
      visit of, to Washington =34=: 28.

    =Cochiti Katcinas=, notes on =47=: 1002, 1013, 1056, 1082.

    =Cochiti Pueblo=
      act of Congress affecting =18=: 920.
      collection from =2=: 405, 459.
      mention of =2=: 433; =14=: 525.

    =Cochmans Brothers=, chief =42=: 322.

    =Cochran=, _Capt._ =C. S.= =46=: 31, 86, 117, 122, 172.

    =Cock.= _See_ =Kowalko=.

    =Cocke, John=, commissioner to extinguish Cherokee title =5=: 241.

    =Cocke County, Tenn.=, collection from =3=: 433, 438-441.

    =Cocklebur=
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 426.
      used for food =30=: 71 _sq._
      used in medicine =30=: 62.

    =Cockles=, used as bait =35=: 178.

    =Cockram, James=, sale of land to =18=: 633.

    =Coco=, Alvarado’s name for Acoma =14=: 594.

    =Cocoanut Forms=, in Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 94.

    =Cocomaques=, classification of =17=: 102, 103, 104, 130*.

    =Cocomcahra= land cessions and reservations =18=: 788.

    =Coco-Maricopa=
      musical instruments of =26=: 167.
      on hostility of Pima =26=: 26.
      reference to =28=: 58.
      _See also_ =Maricopa=.

    =Cocomaricopa Gileños=
      relations of, with Yavapai =26=: 200.
      _See also_ =Maricopa=.

    =Coçonico Indians= =3=: XVIII.

    =Coconoon= land cessions and reservations =18=: 780.

    =Coconoon Tribe= =7=: 90.

    =Cocopa=
      dwellings of the =26=: 155.
      games of the =24=:
        ball race 666, 681.
        dice games 199.
        hand game 326.
      in fight with the Pima-Maricopa force =26=: 47.
      in fights with the Apache =26=: 42.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 922.
      Snake dance among the =16=: 311.
      _See also_ =Cocopa Indians=.

    =Cocopa Indians=
      collections made among the =22, i=: XXXIX.
      field study of the =22, i=: XI _sq._
      girl’s puberty feast among the =22, i=: XXVIII _sq._
      habitat of the =22, i=: XIX _sq._, XXVII.
      marital customs among the =22, i=: XXVIII.
      mortuary advances among the =22, i=: XXI, XXVIII.
      researches among the =41=: 61 _sq._
      subsistence of, method of =22, i=: XX _sq._
      _See also_ =Cocopa=.

    =Coddington=, --, purchase of land by =18=: 622.

    =Codex=
      Bologna =3=: 28.
      Borgian =3=: 23, 24, 26, 28, 57.
      Chimalpopoca =3=: 46.
      Cortesianus =3=: 7, 8, 9, 25, 26, 31, 34, 35, 36, 41, 54, 55, 56.
      Cortesianus, cited =15=: 271.
      Cortesianus, similarity of, to manuscript Troano and Dresden Codex
        =6=: 286.
      Dresden =3=: 23, 63.
      Fejervary =3=: 31, 35.
      illustrating Mexican weaving =3=: 391.
      Persianus =3=: 18, 19, 20, 22, 26.
      Telleriano Remensis =1=: 243.
      Vatican =3=: 27, 28, 50, 56.

    =Codfish=
      black =35=: 382, 392.
      drying of =35=: 253.
      eaten at breakfast =35=: 253.
      Eskimo implements for catching =18=: 181.
      eyes of =35=: 388.
      fresh =35=: 379, 382.
      head of =35=: 388.
      method of cutting =35=: 253, 379, 380, 382, 383.
      red =35=: 392.
      roasted =35=: 390, 391.
      tainted =35=: 386.

    =Codices=, numeral system in the =19=: 812-819.

    =Çoⁿ-dseu´-gthiⁿ=, a division of the Osage =36=: 45.

    =Cody, W. F.=, ordered to arrest Sitting Bull =14=: 854.

    =Coeruleo, Purpureus= =45=: 493.

    =Coeur d’Alêne=
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 846, 866 _sqq._, 942, 944,
        948.
      present habitat of the =14=: 805.
      sketch of the =14=: 733.

    =Coeur d’Alêne Indians=
      account of =45=: 37-197.
      associations of, with other tribes =45=: 319 _sq._
      basketry of =41=: 146, 154, 155, 205.
      characteristics of =45=: 325.
      environment of =41=: 143.
      Flathead name for =45=: 300.
      hunting grounds of =45=: 305.
      imbrication among =41=: 140.
      meaning of Indian names of =45=: 144.
      present day population of =45=: 315.
      shapes of baskets of =41=: 138, 141.
      _See also_ =Coeur d’Alêne=.

    =Coeur d’Alêne Lake=, traditional seat of the tribe =45=: 38.

    =Coeur d’Alêne Reserve=
      changes in =18=: 866 _sqq._, 944, 948.
      establishment of =18=: 846.

    =Coeur d’Alêne Tribe=, population of =7=: 105.

    =Coffee=, _General_ ----
      attack on Creeks at Tallaseehatchee =19=: 90, 91.
      on battle of Horse-Shoe Bend =19=: 93-96.
      wound received by, at Emukfaw Creek =19=: 92.

    =Coffee, John A.=
      appointed to report on line between Cherokee and Georgia =5=: 270.
      appointment of, to assist in Cherokee removal =5=: 260.
      objection to survey by =5=: 207, 208.
      survey by =18=: 705.

    =Coffee=, among the Cherokee =19=: 214.

    =Coffey, Dora S.=, killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =Coffin, E. F.=, aid of, in work of excavation =38=: p. 2.

    =Coffins=
      beliefs regarding =35=: 686.
      of the Eskimo =18=: 310-322.
      _See also_ =Belief= (_regarding coffins_); =Burial=; =Mortuary
        Pottery=.

    =Cofitachiqui=
      a supposed Yuchi town =7=: 126.
      identified as Kasihta =42=: 310.
      people of =19=: 499.
      reference to dress of =42=: 683.
      Spanish visits to =19=: 23, 24, 28, 193 _sq._

    =“Cogged” Stone=, cast of, given to bureau =47=: 13.

    =Cognation= =3=: XLVI.

    =Cognation of Languages= =7=: 11, 12.

    =Cogswellia Dancifolia= =33=: 107.

    =Cogswellia Nudicaulis= =45=: 473.

    =Cogulludo=, ----, on the interpretation of Mexican calendars =3=:
      38, 40.

    =Cohama= land cessions and reservations =18=: 786.

    =Cohosh, Blue=
      use of =44=: 288.
      _See also_ =Caulophyllum Thalictroides=.

    =Cohuatl= day symbol, discussion of =16=: 229.

    =Cohutta Mountain=, myths concerning =19=: 299, 302, 461, 462.

    =Coil in Ornamentation= =4=: 278, 282.

    =Coil-made Pottery= =4=: 273-299.

    =Coil Method=
      influence of, on ornament =20=: 65.
      pottery making by, eastern United States =20=: 50 _sq._, 54, 56,
        57, 161.

    =Coiled Basketry=
      distribution of =41=: 154.
      form of =41=: 167.
      material used in =41=: 137.
      tribes making =41=: 137.
      _See also_ =Basketry=.

    =Coiled Pottery=
      how made =4=: 500.
      imitation of =4=: 299.
      ware and white ware, relative antiquity of =4=: 350-359.

    =Coiled Type= of basketry from Chevlon, cut showing =22, i=: 99.

    =Coiled Vessel= from Kintiel, cut showing =22, i=: 99.

    =Coiling=
      direction of =41=: 160.
      of the Pueblos =4=: 273 _sqq._
      parallel =41=: 170 _sqq._
      technique of =41=: 159-167, 170 _sqq._
      the preferred technique =41=: 361.

    =Coils=
      flat, use of =41=: 135.
      looped =41=: 166.
      round, use of =41=: 135.
      size of =41=: 164 _sqq._
      suggesting spiral ornament =4=: 456.
      uniformity of =41=: 161.

    =Coins=
      use of, among the Eskimo =11=: 212.
      use of, among the Navaho silversmiths =2=: 177.

    =Cokeboka=, blessed during fast =37=: 387.

    =Colander=, fragments of, from Tusayan ruins =17=: 624.

    =Colbert, G.=, reservation for =18=: 682, 694.

    =Colbert, Levi=
      a Chickasaw chief =42=: 826.
      mention of =42=: 827.
      owner of ferry =42=: 813.
      reservation for =18=: 682, 694.

    =Colbert=, identification of =17=: 248.

    =Colbert County, Ala.=, mounds in =44=: 463 _sq._

    =Colbert’s Ferry=
      mention of =42=: 825, 826, 827.
      Natchez Trace, crossing at =42=: 813, 814.

    =Colby=, _Gen._ =L. W.=
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655.
      in Sioux outbreak =14=: 861, 867, 876.
      letter from McGillycuddy to =14=: 831.
      on close of Sioux outbreak =14=: 888.
      on killing of Lieutenant Casey =14=: 889.
      on mortality at Wounded Knee =14=: 871.
      on second encounter at Wounded Knee =14=: 882.
      Sioux child adopted by =14=: 879.

    =Colchester, Vt.=, vessel found at =20=: 169.

    =Cold= (= _weather_)
      mention of =46=: 62, 66, 69, 72, 73, 75, 96, 100, 101, 103, 104,
        105, 106, 108.
      pictographs for =10=: 605 _sq._
      signs for =1=: 345, 486.
      terms relating to =29=: 53.

    =Cold Bay= =46=: 188.

    =Cold-bringing Woman= =21=: 83, 84.

    =Cold Mountain=, myth concerning =19=: 480.

    =Colden, Cadwallader=
      on Indian policy =18=: 558, 583.
      on Iroquoian migrations =19=: 189.
      on Iroquois =19=: 485.
      on name Allege´wi =19=: 184.

    =Colds=
      how treated by the Zuñi =30=: 49, 55.
      treatment of =42=: 661, 663, 664, 667, 668.
      wormwood used for =30=: 42.

    =Coldwater=, burning of =19=: 67.

    =Coldwater Indians=, basketry of =41=: 445 _sq._

    =Coleman, Charles=
      cited on Hindu powders =9=: 515.
      cited on sacred cords =9=: 565.

    =Colerain=
      Creek peace made at =19=: 81.
      treaty of =18=: 658.

    =Colima=
      illness of Mendoza at =14=: 551.
      ravines of =14=: 505.
      town in western New Spain =14=: 385.

    =Colin=, _Mrs._ =Lee=, collection presented by =41=: 116.

    =Coll y Toste=, _Señor_ --
      Antillean language studied by =25=: 77.
      on name Borinquen =25=: 78.

    =Collaborators=
      in sign language, list of =1=: 401.
      of the Bureau =48=: 1188 _sq._
      suggestions to =4=: 254, 256.

    =Collars=
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 90, 92.
      _See also_ =Necks=; =Ruins=.

    =Collars, Stone=
      characteristic of Greater Antilles =34=: 180.
      comparison of, with elbow stones =34=: 200 _sq._, 207 _sqq._
      confined to Porto Rico and Haiti =34=: 187.
      distribution of =34=: 199.
      fragment of, found in St. Croix =34=: 168.
      interpretation of form of =34=: 207 _sqq._
      mention of =34=: 187-198.
      parts of =34=: 188.
      possible use of =34=: 198.
      probable origin of =34=: 61.
      theories concerning use of =34=: 263 _sqq._
      two types of =34=: 187.
      where found =34=: 60, 61, 169.

    =Collected Bones=, interment of =1=: 170.

    =Collecting Signs=, suggestions for =1=: 394.

    =Collections=
      acquisition of =20=: XXIV.
      archeological =46=: 88.
      bought by J. T. Couden =3=: 495-506.
      by Capt. C. Bendire =3=: 492.
      by Dr. Willis de Haas =3=: 490.
      by G. H. Hurlbut =3=: 508 _sqq._
      by Edward Palmer =3=: 483, 489.
      Casa Grande =28=: 20, 118-121.
      Casa Grande, by Dr. J. W. Fewkes =28=: 121, 161-179.
      cataloguing of, of 1881 =3=: 427-592.
      description of =29=: 16 _sq._, 19, 20 _sq._
      Edward E. Ayer, early documents in =38=: p. 4.
      ethnologic, added to the National Museum =23=: XLI.
      ethnologic, made by E. W. Nelson in Alaska =18=: 21.
      from Acoma =2=: 404.
      from Arizona, Wolpi =3=: 587.
      from Arkansas, Carson Lake township =3=: 468.
      from Canyon de Chelly =2=: 419.
      from Cherokee Indians =3=: 433, 489.
      from Chickasawba mound =3=: 469.
      from Cochiti =2=: 405, 459.
      from Cuyamunque =2=: 435.
      from Georgia =3=: 506.
      from Indiana =3=: 506.
      from Jefferson County =3=: 463-468.
      from Jemez =2=: 417, 452.
      from junction of Pidgeon and French Broad River =3=: 440.
      from Laguna =2=: 399.
      from Lawrenceville =3=: 486.
      from Menard mound =3=: 447.
      from Missouri =3=: 495-509.
      from mounds at Arkansas Post =3=: 476.
      from Nambé =2=: 436.
      from New Mexico, Zuñi =3=: 521.
      from Newport, Tenn. =3=: 438.
      from North Carolina =3=: 434, 437.
      from Ohio mounds =3=: 490, 491.
      from Old Pecos =2=: 418.
      from Old Pojuaque =2=: 441.
      from Oregon =3=: 492, 494.
      from other localities =2=: 421.
      from Pecan Point =3=: 469, 470.
      from Pemiscott mound =3=: 468.
      from Peru, South America =3=: 508, 510.
      from Pictograph Rocks =2=: 420.
      from Pojuaque =2=: 438.
      from Pueblos =3=: 511, 592.
      from Roane County =3=: 457, 462.
      from Sandia, N. Mex. =2=: 458.
      from San Ildefonso =2=: 460.
      from San Jaun =2=: 416, 456.
      from Santa Ana =2=: 458.
      from Santa Clara =2=: 415, 441.
      from Santo Domingo =2=: 409, 450.
      from Sevier County =3=: 442-456.
      from Silla =2=: 454.
      from Taos =2=: 464.
      from Tesuke =2=: 410, 450.
      from the Jicarilla Apaches =2=: 417.
      from Turquoise mine =2=: 450.
      from Wisconsin =3=: 506.
      from Wolpi =2=: 375.
      from Zuñi =2=: 337.
      made by the Bureau =16=: XLII, XLV, L, LIII, LVIII.
      made during the year, detailed account of =22, i=: XXXVIII _sq._
      number and character of =12=: 22 _sqq._
      of amulets, hunting and war =3=: 527.
      of arrows =3=: 589.
      of articles of animal substances =3=: 437, 453, 458, 460, 467,
        586.
      of articles of clay =3=: 434, 443, 456, 463, 469, 471-475, 476,
        479, 485, 487, 488, 491, 495, 507, 531, 575.
      of articles of metal =3=: 446, 485.
      of articles of shell =3=: 437, 446, 452-456, 458, 461, 466.
      of articles of stone =3=: 431, 442, 453, 457, 465, 470, 478, 490,
        492, 520, 587.
      of articles of vegetal substances =3=: 435, 520, 575.
      of axes =3=: 521.
      of baskets =3=: 546, 576, 580, 589.
      of bowls =3=: 546, 564.
      of bows =3=: 589.
      of condiment vessels =3=: 569.
      of cooking pots =3=: 564 _sqq._
      of cups =3=: 545.
      of dippers =3=: 566.
      of effigies =3=: 574.
      of gourds =3=: 589.
      of headdresses =3=: 590.
      of implements of gambling =3=: 581.
      of implements of the dance =3=: 582.
      of implements of the loom =3=: 580.
      of Indian specimens, size and value of =2=: 319.
      of instruments of war and chase =3=: 581.
      of ladles =3=: 566, 575.
      of metates =3=: 521.
      of mortars =3=: 522.
      of mullers =3=: 524.
      of paint jars =3=: 573.
      of paint pots =3=: 570, 573.
      of pitchers =3=: 543.
      of rattles =3=: 589.
      of spoons =3=: 560-575.
      of the Historical Committee of the American Philosophical Society,
        cited =4=: 158.
      of trephined crania =16=: XC.
      of water bottles =3=: 533-538.
      of water containers =3=: 538-543.
      of water jars =3=: 531 _sqq._
      of water jugs =3=: 538, 543.
      report on =45=: 18 _sq._
      summary as to =28=: 20 _sq._
      transferred to United States National Museum =39=: 27; =40=: 20.
      transportation of =46=: 62, 84, 123.

    =Collections, West Indian=
      Connell =34=: 159.
      Dehesa =34=: 169.
      Guesde =34=: 128-137.
      Heye =34=: 49 _sqq._
      in European museums =34=: 50.
      in Habana =34=: 248.
      made by De Booy =34=: 49, 63.
      Meriño =34=: 227.
      Taylor =34=: 11, 81, 86.
      transferred to the National Museum =34=: 29.

    =Collections of the Bureau of American Ethnology=, acquired or made
      by, or of =19=: XVIII, XX _sq._, XXIX; =24=: XXVIII _sq._; =25=:
      XXI _sq._; =26=: XXVIII; =30=: 21; =38=: p. 20; =41=: 19 _sq._,
      43, 72 _sq._, 95, 115 _sq._; =42=: 18; =43=: 18; =44=: 17 _sq._;
      =45=: 18 _sq._; =46=: 15 _sq._; =47=: 13 _sq._; =48=: 20 _sq._

    =College Station=, steatite vessel from =15=: 111.

    =Collens, J. H.=
      excavations made by =34=: 66.
      on Trinidad pottery =25=: 190 _sq._
      quoted on archeology of Trinidad =34=: 68.

    =Collester, J. C.=, observations regarding hut rings by =12=: 42.

    =Collet, John=
      notice of Angel mounds by =12=: 556.
      statement of, regarding salt-kettle pottery =12=: 168.

    =Collett=, _Mrs._ =J. E.=, mound on farm of =12=: 344.

    =Collett, O. W.=, visit to salt-making pottery producing site by
      =20=: 31.

    =Collie, A.=, mention of =46=: 231.

    =Collins=, ----, treaty concluded by =18=: 851.

    =Collins, G. N.=, on origin of cotton =30=: 78.

    =Collins, Henry B.=, _jr._
      collection made by =43=: 18; =44=: 18.
      mention of =46=: 161, 164, 174, 210, 238, 247, 254, 260, 295, 296,
        324.
      work of =42=: 3; =43=: 13 _sq._; =45=: 14 _sqq._

    =Collins, James=, first settler in Clay County, Ky. =42=: 783.

    =Collins, J. Franklin=, on wild rice in Rhode Island =19=: 1032.

    =Collins=, _Supt._ =J. L.=, on arms given to Pima =26=: 51.

    =Collins, Lewis=
      cited =12=: 696.
      notice of ancient work in Kentucky by =12=: 579.

    =Collins, Mary C.=, quoted on symbolism =11=: 531.

    =Collins, Ralph P.=, on Poguate =29=: 539.

    =Collins, Thomas J.=, on dice games, Kekehi =24=: 141 _sqq._

    =Collinsia Violacea=, medicinal use of =42=: 667.

    =Collinson=, ----, cited =6=: 503.

    =Colly=, _Agent_
      Kiowa delegation with =17=: 177.
      on Indian troubles of 1864 =17=: 314.

    =Colombia=, character of pottery from =20=: 20.

    =Colon, Panama.= _See_ =Tule Indians=.

    =Colonel’s Island, Ga.=, burial vase from =20=: 133.

    =Colonial Period=, of Cherokee history =19=: 29-46.

    =Colonial Policy= toward Indians =18=: 562-639.

    =Colonists=
      of New Spain, characteristics of =14=: 373.
      trails used by =42=: 731.

    =Colonization of New Spain= =14=: 374.

    =Coloose Creek=, mention of =42=: 36, 38.

    =Color=
      aboriginal American pottery =20=: 63.
      absence of, in specimen examined by P. Kalm =20=: 59.
      Catawba pottery =20=: 55, 143.
      ceremonial use of =10=: 619-622.
      Cherokee pottery =20=: 56.
      classification of wares from Pueblo ruins by =22, i=: 58-61, 179
        _sq._
      decorative use of =10=: 619-622.
      designating social status =10=: 633 _sq._
      differentiation of, by Indians =14=: 1032.
      divisions of the Zuñi =13=: 369.
      effect of firing on =20=: 53.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 117 _sq._, 121, 126.
      for war and peace =10=: 631 _sqq._
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 106, 111.
      ideocrasy of =10=: 622 _sqq._
      in Mississippi Valley pottery =4=: 373, 374.
      Indian, Eskimo, Yukon =46=: 151, 161.
      Iroquoian pipes =20=: 173 _sq._
      Iroquoian pottery =20=: 162.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pipes =20=: 158.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 153, 155.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pipes =20=: 99.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 84 _sq._
      materials =4=: 235, 236.
      mention of =46=: 364.
      New Jersey-New England ware =20=: 175.
      Northwestern pottery =20=: 193, 198, 199.
      of coiled pottery =4=: 283.
      of designs in pottery =4=: 302.
      of Pueblo pottery =4=: 269.
      Pamunkey pottery =20=: 152.
      pleasures of =19=: LXIII.
      primitive ideas concerning =19=: LXXXIV.
      red =33=: 322, 324, 646, 654, 655.
      red as a sacred =14=: 1037.
      relative to death and mourning =10=: 629 _sqq._
      significance of =10=: 618-637.
      significance of, in Menomini ceremonial =14=: 76.
      South Appalachian pipes =20=: 141.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 132, 138.
      Spanish olive jars =20=: 129.
      symbolic use of, in general =10=: 635 _sq._
      variations of, in katcina representations =21=: 60, 82, 95.
      variations of, on parts of the body of Hopi katcinas =21=: 80.
      Western Eskimo =46=: 213-228.
      _See also_ =Color Decoration=; etc.; =Colors=.

    =Color Decoration=
      Apalachee-Ohio pottery, absence of =20=: 180.
      aboriginal American pottery =20=: 42, 52, 63 _sq._, 66 _sq._
      Florida pottery =20=: 118, 124, 125, 127.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 111, 112, 113.
      Gulf Coast pottery, rarity of =20=: 105.
      Iroquoian pottery, absence of =20=: 164.
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 103.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 84, 86, 87, 88, 93, 95,
        96, 98, 100, 101.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=:138.
      southern and northern pottery =20=: 187.

    =Color in Textile Art= =6=: 201, 202.

    =Color of Seri= =17=: 137* _sq._

    =Color of Specimens= =34=: 132.

    =Color Phenomena= in textile ornament =6=: 215-232.

    =Color Symbolism=
      in Ghost dance =14=: 919.
      in Shaker ceremony =14=: 761.
      in Smohalla ritual =14=: 725, 729.
      in the codices =16=: 223, 228.
      in Tusayan sand pictures =16=: 278.
      of the Cherokee =7=: 342, 343.
      of the Zuñi and Moki =15=: 308.
      of Tusayan altar =16=: 278 _sq._, 287, 291.

    =Colorado=
      adobe of =14=: 520.
      ancient cultural center =28=: 157.
      antiquities of =28=: 17.
      antiquities of, paper on =40=: 17.
      archeological work in =40=: 3.
      Chiquito =4=: 306.
      ethnological work in =39=: 12.
      field work in =23=: IX, XVI, XVII; =27=: 7, 10.
      Indian pottery =4=: 276.
      maps =4=: 158.
      military posts, etc., in =17=: 382.
      office work on material from =20=: IX.
      outlawry of hostile Indians in =17=: 176.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 72-75.
      plateau house sites =4=: 281.
      pottery of =4=: 281, 305, 321-357.
      researches in =30=: 11, 20, 22.
      rock carvings in =4=: 27.
      ruin =4=: 319.
      ruins, age of =28=: 150.
      ruins, cliff dwellings =28=: 151.
      ruins, pottery =28=: 137, 139, 140.
      work in =7=: XXI-XXIV; =29=: 10, 16 _sq._, 20.
      _See also_ =Little Colorado=.

    =Colorado and New Mexico=, archeological map of =26=: XX.

    =Colorado Juniper=, use of =45=: 465, 498, 512.

    =Colorado River=
      discovery of =14=: 403, 574.
      petroglyphs on, Utah =10=: 118, 119, 120.
      visit of Cardenas to =14=: 390, 489.
      visit of Diaz to =14=: 406, 485.

    =Colorado River People.= _See_ =Pueblo Indians=.

    =Colorado River Reserve.=
      changes in =18=: 898, 910.
      discontinuance of =18=: 916, 920.
      establishment of =18=: 894.

    =Coloration=
      artificial, of feathers =38=: § 84.
      of hammocks =38=: § 478.

    =Coloring Matter= and its application in pictographs =10=: 219-222.

    =Colors=
      applied to cardinal points =42=: 623 _sq._
      arrangement of =41=: 280, 286.
      assignment of, to cardinal points =3=: 40-46.
      association of, to cardinal points =11=: 397.
      employed in Santa Rita wall painting =19=: 669 _sq._
      in personal names =11=: 533.
      in Siouan symbolism =11=: 523, 527.
      of Navaho fabrics =3=: 376.
      Omaha terms for =27=: 111.
      prepared for Aleutian masks =3=: 142.
      principal, black and red =31=: 56.
      ritual =47=: 284.
      significance of =4=: 53-57.
      significance of, in games =11=: 60.
      sources of =41=: 233.
      symbolic association of =47=: 862.
      symbolism of =45=: 418 _sq._
      used by Indians =4=: 50, 51.
      used by Salish tribes =41=: 146-149.
      used in beading =41=: 223.
      used in decorating pottery =2=: 322, 326, 330.
      used in face and body painting =45=: 418.
      used in imbrication =41=: 140.
      _See also_ =Color=, etc.; =Colors=, =Cardinal=; =Paints=;
        =Pigments=.

    =Colors, Cardinal=
      importance of, in beans =30=: 69.
      importance of, in corn =30=: 99.
      of the Zuñi =30=: 49.
      symbolism of the Zuñi =30=: 64.

    =Colton, A. T.=, on Casa Grande Reserve =15=: 340.

    =Columbia, Ky.=, trail to =42=: 802.

    =Columbia Fur Co.=, traders of =46=: 621.

    =Columbia Indians=
      Flathead names for =45=: 300.
      name of, in sign language =45=: 146.

    =Columbia Region=, tribes of the =14=: 731.

    =Columbia River=
      Cherokee contemplate removal to =5=: 264.
      drift seen by Ferrel =14=: 412.
      improvidence of tribes on =7=: 37, 38.
      petroglyphs on, Washington =10=: 123.
      pictographs on =4=: 26.

    =Columbia River Indians=
      a synonym of Wa´napŭm =14=: 735.
      definition of =14=: 716.
      in Shaker church =14=: 759.
      Smohalla doctrine among =14=: 716.

    =Columbia River Valley=, probable origin of Hopewell mounds
      obsidian in =20=: 194.

    =Columbia Tribe=
      basketry of =41=: 142, 154, 155, 230, 414.
      rims of baskets of =41=: 142.
      shapes of baskets of =41=: 138, 141.
      use of imbrication by =41=: 140.

    =Columbian Exposition=
      Bureau collection at =14=: XXXVI, XXXIX, XLVI.
      exhibit at, of world’s games =24=: 29.
      _See also_ =Madrid American Historical Exposition=; =World’s
        Columbian Exposition=.

    =Columbiana County, Ohio=, rock carvings in =4=: 21.

    =Columbias=, an Isle de Pierre synonym =14=: 734.

    =Columbine=, use of =45=: 475, 507, 516.

    =Columbus, Bartholomew=, native reception to =25=: 81.

    =Columbus, Christopher=
      at Trinidad =34=: 63 _sq._
      cited =30=: 365.
      diary of =25=: 19, 203.
      explorations of, in Cuba =34=: 242 _sq._
      Haitian idols described by =25=: 57.
      landing place of =25=: 33.
      method of fishing observed by =25=: 49.
      Omaha name for =27=: 101.
      on Antillean _zemis_ =25=: 55.
      on character of Antilleans =25=: 31, 76 _sq._
      on names of Antillean islands =25=: 78.
      on spirit beliefs =30=: 165-169.
      presents received from Antilleans by =25=: 35, 136, 137, 153, 211.
      quoted on magic powder of Indians =9=: 513.
      race found in Haiti by =25=: 80.
      regarded as supernatural =25=: 54.
      search for, by Navidad settlers =25=: 212.

    =Columbus, Fernando=, on Antillean religion =25=: 55.

    =Columbus, Ga.=, legendary occurrence at site of =42=: 39.

    =Columbus, Ohio=, on Great Warrior’s Trail =42=: 757.

    =Columbus Memorial Volume=
      on Acoma =29=: 544.
      on Isleta =29=: 529.
      on Kipana =29=: 550.
      on San Cristóbal =29=: 486.
      on Sandia =29=: 525.
      on Santa Ana =29=: 520.

    =Columellæ=
      beads of =44=: 158.
      manner of extracting from shell =2=: 214.
      pendants of =44=: 149.
      use of, in manufacture of beads =2=: 219, 223.
      use of, in manufacture of pins =2=: 213, 218.

    =Colville=, _Dr._ =Frederick V.=, acknowledgments to =24=: XVI;
      =36=: 55.

    =Colville Indians=
      bands of =45=: 208.
      derivation of the name of =45=: 198.
      Flathead name for =45=: 300.
      hoop and pole game of =24=: 457.
      Indian names for =45=: 198, 199, 200.
      intercourse of, with other tribes =45=: 215.
      name of, in sign language =45=: 145.
      population of =45=: 212.
      sketch of =14=: 732.
      synonyms for =45=: 198.
      villages of =45=: 209 _sq._

    =Colville Reserve=
      changes in =18=: 858, 944.
      establishment of =18=: 856.

    =Colville River=
      Eskimo =46=: 361.
      mention of =46=: 206, 221.

    =Colville Tribe=
      imbricated basketry of =41=: 140, 155.
      materials used in basketry of =41=: 154.
      population of =7=: 105.
      trays made by =41=: 138.

    =Colville Valley Kalispel.= _See_ =Chewelah=.

    =Colvin=, _Mr._ ----, graves on land of, Pennsylvania =12=: 499.

    =Coma, Guillermo=, on character of Antilleans =25=: 32.

    =Comals= of steatite =44=: =87= _sq._

    =Comalty=. _See_ =Gomä´te=.

    =Comanche=
      absence of clans among the =14=: 956.
      and Kiowa early warfare =14=: 1079.
      association of the Kiowa with =7=: 84.
      attitude of the, in Civil War =19=: 148.
      Bent’s recommendation concerning =17=: 183.
      bravery of the =17=: 317.
      character of the =17=: 234.
      deportation of the, to Florida =17=: 215.
      derivation of Türtumsi from the =21=: 99.
      drawings of a Ghost dance =14=: 1060.
      drawings on bone by the =10=: 206.
      expedition against Navaho by the =17=: 321.
      first intercourse with the =17=: 169.
      former range of the =17=: 161.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 55, 126, 159 _sq._
        hand game 309.
        hoop and pole 442.
      gesture signs of the =10=: 645.
      Ghost dance among the =14=: XXXIX, 653, 901, 926 _sq._
      habitat of the =7=: 109.
      horses among the =17=: 161.
      hostility of the, in 1874 =17=: 202, 252.
      identification of the, with Teya =14=: 524.
      inhumation of the =1=: 99, 100.
      in peace council of 1872 =17=: 190.
      influence of the, on Pueblo architecture =19=: 641.
      killing of Arapaho by the =17=: 272.
      Kiowa confederation with the =17=: 164.
      Kiowa inferior to the =14=: 1080.
      Kiowa intercourse and war with the =17=: 161.
      Kiowa name for the =17=: 163.
      Kiowa peace with the =17=: 162.
      land allotment to the =17=: 224.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 838, 846.
      linguistic affinity of the =14=: 525.
      linguistic studies among the =24=: XXI.
      location of home camps of the =17=: 164.
      meeting with dragoons by the =17=: 264.
      meeting with Ponca =27=: 79 _sq._
      mescal ceremony of the =15=: XXXVIII.
      myth concerning thunderbird =14=: 968.
      name of the Arapaho =14=: 954.
      name of the Caddo =14=: 1092.
      name of the Cheyenne =14=: 1023.
      name of the Ghost dance =14=: 791.
      name of the Kiowa Apache =14=: 1081.
      name of the Sioux =14=: 1057.
      name of the whites =14=: 703, 978.
      name of the Wichita =14=: 1095.
      number names of the =19=: 929.
      Omaha name for the =27=: 102.
      payment of grass money to the =17=: 220, 354.
      planned uprising among the =17=: 176.
      population, Catlin’s exaggeration of =17=: 266.
      population in 1896 =17=: 235.
      population of the =7=: 110.
      raids in Texas by the =17=: 177, 187, 199.
      raid on Barker’s Fort by the =17=: 270.
      reference to the =29=: 480.
      relations of the, with Pecos =29=: 478.
      researches among the =15=: XLI.
      signing of Medicine Lodge treaty by the =17=: 186, 321.
      sketch of the =14=: 1043.
      smallpox among the =17=: 168, 176.
      songs of the =14=: 1046.
      Spanish influence transmitted through the =27=: 114.
      status of the, in 1859 =17=: 182.
      study of the =16=: XXIII, XXVIII.
      synonymy of the =14=: 1043.
      surrender of the =17=: 214.
      taboo of words by the =17=: 152.
      Tewa name for the =29=: 574.
      treaties with the =17=: 180, 184, 186, 321.
      treaty agreement by the, in 1865 =17=: 179.
      tribal signs for the =1=: 466.
      tribal signs of the =14=: 1043.
      use of language, as trade language =19=: 188.
      war party of the, against Sauk and Fox =17=: 302.
      _See also_ =Kwahadi Comanche=; =Nokoni Comanche=; =Padouca=.

    =Comanche Indian=, linguistic work of Dr. A. S. Gatschet among the
      =6=: XXXIV.

    =Comandra Pallida=, use of =45=: 459.

    =Comb=
      chicken, appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 80.
      function of use of =20=: 73, 135 _sq._
      mention of =35=: 1224; =38=: § 517.
      use of, in finishing Middle Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 148, 153
        _sq._, 157.
      _See also_ =Combs=.

    =Comb-like Characters=
      in Dresden Codex =16=: 242.
      in Maya Codex =16=: 238.

    =Comb-like Ornaments=
      Apalachee-Ohio pottery =20=: 180.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 97 _sq._, 154.

    =Comb Plant= =33=: 131.

    =Combination=
      in Indian languages =1=: 7.
      languages, process of =1=: 3, 7.

    =Combs=
      for dressing deerskins =9=: 300, 301.
      for making thread, Eskimo =18=: 110, 111.
      made of syringa =45=: 83.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 149 _sq._, 189; =18=: 58.
      of the Nenenot =11=: 319.
      use of, in weaving =14=: 562.
      _See also_ =Comb=.

    =Come here=, signals for =1=: 529, 532.

    =Comecrudo Indian=
      linguistic material, work on =29=: 13, 14.
      linguistic researches among =8=: XXI.
      vocabulary of, collected by Dr. A. S. Gatschet =7=: 68.

    =Comédie Française=, gestures of the =1=: 309.

    =Comer, G=. =46=: 297.

    =Comer=, _Capt._ =George=, material collected by =24=: 752.

    =Comets=
      belief concerning =42=: 478.
      Cherokee name for =19=: 442.
      explanation of =30=: 259.
      story concerning =42=: 479.

    =Comfort, O. J.=
      on manufacture of pottery by Dakotas =20=: 187, 195.
      on pottery from Fort Wadsworth, North Dakota =20=: 200 _sq._

    =Cominy-Snake=. _See_ =Pódalä´ñte=.

    =Commander in Chief= =38=: § 760.

    =Commelinaceae= =33=: 70.

    =Commerce=
      between “Buffalo” Indians and Pueblos =9=: 529, 530.
      elements of =20=: XLIII _sq._
      effect of, on the Indian =46=: 464, 465, 621 _sqq._
      _See also_ =Trade=; =Traders=.

    =Commercial Fraud= in relics =4=: 248.

    =Commercialism=, development of, in the northeastern section =42=:
      723 _sq._

    =Commisariat= =38=: § 761.

    =Commissioner of Indian Affairs=
      acknowledgment to =27=: 8.
      _See also_ =Office of Indian Affairs=.

    =Commons=, _Supt._ =John M.=, acknowledgment to =27=: 642.

    =Communal Houses=  of the East Greenlanders =9=: 76.
      _See also_ =Long Houses=.

    =Communal Lands= =47=: 34, 477.

    =Communal Pueblos= =4=: 480, 481.

    =Communal Village=, development of Pueblo architecture from conical
      lodge =8=: 226.

    =Communication=
      between Asia and America =46=: 93, 96, 97.
      between the tribes =44=: 246 _sq._
      by means of pictographs =4=: 160-164.
      means of =42=: 446.

    =Communism= among North American Indians =7=: 34, 35.

    =Comogres=, name for Tule Indians =42=: 10.

    =Comox=
      ceremonial of =35=: 892.
      marriage with =35=: 951.
      mention of =35=: 895.

    =Comoza’s Band=
      cession of reserve by =18=: 752.
      reservation for =18=: 740.

    =Companies=
      duties of =45=: 156 _sq._
      formation of =45=: 156.

    =Company of One Hundred=, charter to =18=: 546.

    =Comparison=
      degrees of, in sign language =1=: 363.
      of English with Indian =1=: 15.

    =Compass, Points of=, references to =27=: 111, 113.

    =Compass Plant=, mention of =33=: 132.

    =Complexion of the Western Eskimo= =18=: 26, 27.

    =Compositae=
      gum from =26=: 78.
      mention of =33=: 130.

    =Composite Mounds=, interpretation of =37=: 84.

    =Composition=, characterization of =33=: 330.

    =Compostela=
      departure of Coronado from =14=: 377, 478.
      establishment of =14=: 473.
      rendezvous of Coronado’s army at =14=: 362.
      review of Coronado’s force in =14=: 596.

    =Compound Vessels=
      eastern United States pottery, modeling of =20=: 51.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 118, 126, 127.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 105.
      Iroquoian pottery, rarity of =20=: 162.
      mention of =4=: 412.
      Middle Atlantic Coast province, absence of =20=: 151.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 92, 93 _sq._
      Ohio Valley pottery =20=: 185.
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 138.

    =Compounding in Language= =1=: 3.

    =Compounds, Casa Grande=
      age of =28=: 105.
      ancient inhabitants of =28=: 152.
      _Compound A_--
        description of =28=: 88-95.
        excavation of =28=: 37 _sqq._
      _Compound B_--
        description of =28=: 95-102.
        excavation and repair of =28=: 40 _sq._
      _Compound C_--
        description of =28=: 102 _sq._
        excavation and repair of =28=: 42.
      _Compound D_--
        description of =28=: 104 _sq._
        excavation and repair of =28=: 42.
      _Compound E and F_--
        description of =28=: 106.
        relation to Pueblos =28=: 150-160.

    =Compton=, _Maj._ =C. E.=, Indian operations under =17=: 212.

    =Computation=, methods of number =19=: 932 _sq._

    =Comûpatrico=, settlement of =14=: 515.

    =Comupavi=, identified with Shuñopavi =17=: 599.

    =Cona=, settlement of Plains Indians =14=: 507.

    =Conant, A. J.=
      cited =12=: 601.
      description of shell gorgets by =2=: 300.
      mention of shell gorgets by =2=: 287.

    =Conant, L. L.=
      on Australian counting =19=: 877.
      on Australian number concepts =19=: 833, 837.
      on Cahuillo number names =19=: 868.
      on Cora number names =19=: 867.
      on geographic extent of vigesimal system =19=: 924, 925.
      on Mosquito number names =19=: 881.
      on origin and spread of vigesimal system =19=: 926.
      on Othomian number names =19=: 873.
      on primitive counting =19=: 875.
      on Totonaka numerals =19=: 911.
      on Tschukschi (Chukchi) numerals =19=: 913.

    =Conant, S.=, land treaty witness =14=: 29.

    =Conant, Samuel=, assistance rendered by =43=: 15.

    =Concausation= =3=: LXV.

    =Concepción, Cristoval de la=, at founding of Awatobi mission =17=:
      599.

    =Conception=
      belief concerning =47=: 679.
      beliefs concerning immaculate =11=: 59.
      induced by medicine =40=: 337.
      means of inducing =35=: 644.
      parthenogenetic, description of =21=: 167, 229.
      parthenogenetic, influence of, in development of religion =21=:
        138.
      prevented by medicine =40=: 329.
      prevention of =47=: 213.
      _See also_ =Pregnancy=.

    =Conceptual Terms=, Serian and Yuman, comparative analysis of =17=:
      321*-344*.

    =Conch Shell=
      beads, as medium of exchange =42=: 456.
      range of the =2=: 143.
      representations of, Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 94.
      trumpets of, Casa Grande =28=: 144 _sq._
      used for black drink =42=: 503.

    =Conch Shell Cache=, location of =37=: 99.

    =Concho Tribe=, description of =15=: XXXIV.

    =Concord, N. C.=, trail through =42=: 778.

    =Concretions=
      ironstone, description of =44=: 93 _sq._
      ironstone, use of =44=: 93.
      use of, as fetishes =13=: 359, 366.

    =Conde, Alejo Garcia=, expedition sent against Seri by =17=: 83.

    =Conder=, _Lieutenant_ ----, on symbol at Jerusalem =4=: 222.

    =Condiment=
      cups of clay from Zuñi =2=: 363.
      _See also_ =Flavoring=.

    =Condracanqui=, Peruvian insurrection under =14=: 660.

    =Cone Flower=
      narrow-leaved purple =33=: 131.
      use of =44=: 292.
      use of, as medicine =30=: 59.
      _See also_ =Rudbeckia Laciniata=.

    =Cone-Flower Symbolic Haircut=, subgentes using =43=: 91.

    =Cone Shell=, ornament for lip =38=: § 74.

    =Conejos=, treaty of =18=: 828.

    =Cones=
      description and figure of =13=: 113.
      occurrence of, representations of, Florida mortuary pottery =20=:
        124.

    =Conestoga=
      connection of, with Susquehanna Valley pottery =20=: 165.
      dice games of the =24=: 105.
      former habitat of the =7=: 78.
      habitat of the =20=: 159.
      population of the =43=: 458.
      war of the, on Mohawk =43=: 458.

    =Confederacy=
      features of =19=: XLIX.
      how governed =15=: CIX.
      of the Iroquois, established by Hiawatha =2=: 54.
      relation of Cherokee to Southern =5=: 376.
      _See also_ =Creek Confederacy=.

    =Confederate Operations= in far Southwest =26=: 48.

    =Confederate States=
      Cherokee declaration for =19=: 148.
      East Cherokee relation with =19=: 168-171.

    =Conference at Falmouth= =43=: 174 _sq._

    =Conference of Southwestern Archeologists=, mention of =47=: 1.

    =Confession=
      of patients to Indian medicine-men =9=: 465, 466.
      rite of, among Isletans =47=: 206.

    =Confinement.= _See_ =Childbirth=.

    =Congaree Indians=
      and Santee Indians, embalmment of =1=: 132, 133.
      birds domesticated by the =42=: 694.
      Cherokee relations with the =19=: 31 _sq._
      mention of the =42=: 704.
      stick games of the =24=: 258.

    =Congress=, Cherokee representation in =19=: 125.

    =Conibo Indians=, occlusion of sight among the =30=: 299 _sq._

    =Conical Mounds=
      as burial places =37=: 84.
      definition of =12=: 29.
      distribution of =37=: 78, 91.
      joined to linear =37=: 92.
      made by the Sioux =37=: 76.
      number of =37=: 83.
      of Lake Koshkonong =37=: 100.
      _See also_ =Burial Mounds=.

    =Conical Tinklers= =21=: 61.

    =Conifers= =33=: 63.

    =Conjugal Conation=, law of, as applied to Seri =17=: 162* _sq._

    =Conjunctions=, in sign language =1=: 367.

    =Conjunctive Mode=
      Algonkin =28=: 272.
      Arapaho =28=: 236.
      Cree =28=: 272.
      Fox =28=: 234, 253, 260, 261, 265, 271, 272, 279, 288.
      Micmac =28=: 245, 269, 272, 279, 285, 287 _sq._
      Natick =28=: 272.
      Ojibwa =28=: 268, 272.
      Peoria =28=: 234, 245, 260, 265, 268, 270, 271, 272, 279, 288.
      Shawnee =28=: 234, 245, 255, 265, 271, 272, 279.

    =Conjunctives=, indefinite passive, Algonquian =28=: 279.

    =Conjunctivities= among the Pima =26=: 268.

    =Conjurer=
      love charms made by the =42=: 635 _sq._
      practice of the =1=: 583.
      results obtained by the =44=: 270.
      _See also_ =Doctors=.

    =Conjuring=
      among the Northern Indians =11=: 193, 274.
      in Cherokee myth =19=: 255, 277 _sq._, 279, 320, 374 _sq._, 393
        _sq._, 501, 502, and _passim_.
      Indian practice of =19=: 495.

    =Connecticut=
      aboriginal quarrying in =15=: 105, 107.
      Indian policy of =18=: 607 _sq._, 611-619.
      Indian spades from =13=: 133.
      Iroquoian pottery from =20=: 168.
      petroglyphs in =10=: 75.
      pottery of =20=: 146, 178, 179.
      tribes and dialects of =43=: 205-287.

    =Connecticut Avenue=, Washington, D. C., quarries of, description
      of =15=: 116.

    =Connecticut Board of Agriculture and Experiment Station=, report
      of, on composition of cereals and fruits =19=: 1081 _sq._

    =Connecticut Indians=
      account of =18=: 612 _sqq._
      purchase of land from =18=: 616.

    =Connecticut Land Company=, cession of land claimed by =18=: 666.

    =Connecticut Western Reserve=, history of =18=: 667 _sqq._

    =Connections= between Asiatics and Americans =46=: 197.

    =Connell, E.=, acknowledgment to =34=: 11.

    =Connell Collection= =34=: 87, 159, 160-166.

    =Connelly, William E.=
      on dice games, Wyandot =24=: 118 _sq._
      on football, Wyandot =24=: 702.
      on hidden ball, Wyandot =24=: 351.

    =Conner, Henry=, land treaty witness =14=: 29.

    =Conner=, _Mrs._ =Rebecca=, mounds on land of =5=: 74; =12=: 348.

    =Conneross=, myth concerning =19=: 412.

    =Connor, James E.=, work of =43=: 19.

    =Connotation= of Indian nouns =1=: 8.

    =Connoun=, number of specimens from =34=: 49.

    =Conoy=
      association of, with Delawares =19=: 497.
      fate of =19=: 498.

    =Conquest Play= at Xico Viejo =25=: 248.

    =Conquistadores=, meaning of term, in New Spain =14=: 563.

    =Conrad=, _Captain_ --, orders Selwyn to visit Kuwapi =14=: 799.

    =Consag=, _Padre_ =Ferdinando=, explorations and map by =17=: 65.

    =Consanguinity=
      among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 876.
      Fox system of, reference to =40=: 375.
      importance of, among savages =22, i=: XXV.

    =Consanguineous Kinship= of the Omahas =3=: 253.

    =Conscience= of the Eskimo =18=: 294.

    =Consecration=
      of dance ground =14=: 918.
      of kivas =8=: 129.
      of feathers =14=: 919.
      of the earth =14=: 919.

    =Conservative Party= at Acoma, discussion of =47=: 61 _sq._

    =Conserves=, preparation of, from datil =30=: 72 _sq._

    =Consonantic Clusters= =28=:
      Abnaki 280.
      Arapaho 235, 236.
      Cheyenne 232 _sq._, 234, 236.
      Cree 231, 238, 246.
      Delaware 279, 290a.
      due to elimination of vowels 283.
      Eastern Algonquian 236, 246, 284.
      Fox 249, 283.
      linguistic classification based on 226.
      Malecite 280, 281 _sq._, 283.
      Menomini 249, 280 _sq._
      Micmac 280 _sq._, 283.
      Munsee 290a.
      Natick 234.
      Northern Blackfoot 230 _sq._
      Passamaquoddy 259, 280, 282.
      Penobscot 280, 282 _sq._
      Piegan 229 _sq._, 231, 236.
      various Algonquian languages 274.

    =Constellations=
      belief concerning =11=: 517.
      defining the seasons =38=: § 937.
      how formed and named =21=: 227, 228.
      in Tewa conception =29=: 50 _sq._
      Iroquois myth concerning =2=: 80.
      _See also_ =Star=.

    =Constipation=, how treated by the Zuñi =30=: 57.

    =Constitution=
      Cherokee adoption of =19=: 112, 116, 135.
      East Cherokee, adoption of =19=: 173.

    =Construction=
      of Casa Grande, method of =28=: 82, 85.
      of pottery in Mississippi Valley =4=: 372.
      principles of =20=: XXXVI-XXXIX.
      Pueblo ceramic =4=: 268.
      _See also_ =Manufacture=; =Walls=.

    =Constructive Experiments= in cliff dwellings =16=: 170.

    =Consumption= of wild rice =19=: 1080-1088.

    =Consumption=
      among the Pima =26=: 267, 268.
      treatment of =42=: 658, 659, 667.
      _See also_ =Tuberculosis=.

    =Contact= of people modifies ideas =4=: 370.

    =Containers=
      original use of vessels as =20=: 61.
      _See also_ =Domestic Pottery=.

    =Contentment=, legend of =30=: 380 _sq._

    =Contest=
      between men of supernatural power =35=: 1139-1147.
      fast-eating, of the Winnebago =37=: 485.

    =Conti=, a Georgia Indian food 13: 17.

    =Continence=
      observance of =47=: 132, 286.
      _See also_ =Taboos=, _sexual_.

    =Contours= represented on plans, interval of =8=: 45.

    =Contract= for repairing Casa Grande =15=: 333, 335.

    =Contracted Position=
      in burials, Bonasila =46=: 61.
      in burials, Ghost Creek =46=: 63.
      in burials, Pastolik =46=: 77.

    =Contrares, José=, aid rendered by =17=: 14.

    =Contributions to North American Ethnology=
      mention of =4=: 153, 166, 195, 231.
      plan of =20=: 16.

    =Contributions to the Archeology of Missouri= =4=: 367, 414, 418,
      422.

    =Contributors=, list of =48=: 1189.

    =Controverted Pictographs= =10=: 759-767.

    =Conus Shells=
      ornaments of =28=: 145.
      Pueblo articles made of =22, i=: 91.

    =Conventional Pictographic Devices= for =10=:
        chief 652 _sq._
        council 653 _sq._
        famine 655 _sq._
        peace 650 _sq._
        plenty of food 654 _sq._
        starvation 656.
        war 651 _sq._
      mention of =10=: 650, 664.

    =Conventionality=
      of painted designs, eastern United States pottery =20=: 67.
      of signs =1=: 333, 336, 340.

    =Conventionalization of Life Motives=
      eastern United States pottery =20=: 65, 66.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 118, 123, 126, 127.
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 113 _sq._

    =Conventionalizing=
      development of =10=: 649 _sq._
      in pictography =10=: 649-675.
      mention of =4=: 13, 15, 244.

    =Convolvulaceae= =33=: 110, 111.

    =Convolvulus Panduratus=, medicinal use of =42=: 670.

    =Convulsions=, treatment for =44=: 336, 338.

    =Conway, Maurice=, grant of land to =18=: 542.

    =Conyatz.= _See_ =Kaneatche=.

    =Conyers=, _Mr._ --, mound on farm of, in Georgia =12=: 313.

    =Cook=, _Rev._ =C. H.=
      account of =26=: 59.
      on mountain sheep =26=: 82.
      on Pima conical house =26=: 155.
      on Pima fishing =26=: 174.
      opposed by Pima medicine-men =26=: 256.
      work of, among the Pima =26=: 34, 63, 267 _sq._

    =Cook=, _Miss_ =Emily S.=, collection purchased from =42=: 18.

    =Cook=, _Capt._ =James=
      description of Alaskan labrets by =3=: 106.
      description of Eskimo houses by =9=: 78.
      discoveries, Norton Sound =46=: 126.
      mention of =46=: 213.
      Waukash tribe named by =7=: 129.
      works of, consulted =9=: 21.

    =Cook, Joseph W.=, on Yankton gentes =15=: 217.

    =Cook, R. L.=, killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =Cook=, _Judge_ =W. L.=, information furnished by =42=: 852.

    =Cook, Zachariah=
      acknowledgment to =42=: 32.
      information furnished by =42=: 65, 78, 306, 524, 527.
      miko of Tukabahchee town =42=: 557.
      names furnished by =42=: 98, 99, 103 _sqq._
      stomp dances and busk described by =42=: 557, 568.

    =Cook Inlet=, ornate stone lamp from =46=: 34.

    =Cooke=, _Lieutenant Colonel_ --
      on the Pima =26=: 30.
      reference to =28=: 65.

    =Cooke, C. S.=, interpreter for Sioux delegation =14=: 891.

    =Cooking=
      among the Northern Indians =11=: 233, 280.
      among the Point Barrow Eskimo =9=: 63.
      Eskimo manner of =18=: 288 _sq._
      flat rocks used for =41=: 498.
      in clay vessels =41=: 583-586, 607.
      methods of =45=: 92-95; =46=: 582.
      pottery for =4=: 272, 283, 371.
      Pueblo method of =8=: 164.
      taught to girls =40=: 299, 303.
      utensils for =45=: 230.
      _See also_ =Domestic Pottery=; =Food=.

    =Cooking Baskets=, terms for =41=: 396.

    =Cooking Pits=
      and ovens, description of =8=: 162-166, 176 _sq._
      employment of clay as lining for =20=: 49.

    =Cooking Pot=, appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katchinas =21=:
      104.

    =Cooking Stones= of Tusayan, names of =8=: 104.

    =Cooking Vessels=
      of clay, from Canyon de Chelly =2=: 420.
      of clay, from Santa Clara =2=: 416.
      of clay, from Tesuki =2=: 414.
      of clay, from Wolpi =2=: 384.
      of clay, from Zuñi =2=: 358.

    =Cookkoo-oose= tribe of Lewis and Clark =7=: 89.

    =Cooks, Three=, duties of =47=: 45, 51.

    =Cooksey=, _Rev._ --, article by =30=: 80.

    =Cooley, Dennis N.=, commissioner to treat with Cherokee =5=: 334,
      341.

    =Coolidge, Sherman=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Cooper, A.=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Cooper, Amy=, mention of =43=: 224.

    =Cooper, Charles L.=
      on Nambé Pueblo =29=: 359.
      on Tesuque =29=: 387.

    =Cooper=, _Rev._ =John M.=, bulletin by =39=: 24.

    =Cooper, Theodore=, mention of =43=: 233.

    =Cooper County, Mo.=, occurrence of salt-making vessels in =20=: 31.

    =Cooper Family=, mention of =43=: 224.

    =Cooper Place=, flint on =44=: 517.

    =Cooperations=, purposes of =20=: LXV.

    =Coos Indians=
      account of wild rice harvested by =19=: 1076.
      researches among the =25=: XVII.
      standard of life of the =19=: 1079.

    =Coos Language=
      grammar of, by Dr. L. Frachtenberg =34=: 21.
      paper on =36=: 30.

    =Coosa=
      a town of refuge =42=: 253.
      a White town =42=: 254.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 206 _sqq._
      connection of, with origin of upper Creeks =42=: 40.
      considered as offspring of Hickory Ground =42=: 70.
      Creek peace town =19=: 207 _sq._
      independent origin of =42=: 262.
      legendary origin of name =42=: 53.
      mention of =42=: 36.
      mention of, in Kasihta legend =42=: 39.
      myths concerning town of =42=: 69-72.
      synonym for =42=: 69.

    =Coosa Indians=, linguistic work among the =24=: XXII.

    =Coosa Language=, grammatical notes on =26=: XXII.

    =Coosa River=
      Alabama established on =42=: 44.
      Muskogee settled on =42=: 45.

    =Coosades.= _See_ =Koasati=.

    =Coosawatee=
      establishment of mission at =19=: 107.
      surrender of prisoners at =19=: 66.

    =Cooshatta.= _See_ =Koasati=.

    =Cooshatti.= _See_ =Koasati=.

    =Coospellar=, a synonym of the Pend d’Oreille =14=: 731.

    =Cootenai Tribe= =7=: 85.
      _See also_ =Kutenai=.

    =Cooweescoowee=, origin of name =19=: 285.

    =Copaifera Officinalis=
       oil of =38=: § 23.
       oil of, for body anointing =38=: § 511.

    =Copala=, name of province in Great Plains =14=: 492.

    =Copan, Central America=
      face numbers from Mayan monuments at, discussion of =22=, =i=:
        221-225.
      face numbers from Mayan monuments at, plates and figures showing
        =22=, =i=: 224, 225.
      Great Cycle symbols on inscription at, figures showing =22=, =i=:
        266.
      initial series of =19=: 801-806.
      inscriptions of =19=: 776-788.
      inscriptions on Mayan monuments at, discussion of =22=, =i=:
        221-225, 254, 301.
      inscriptions on Mayan monuments at, plates and figures showing
        =22=, =i=: 224, 225, 301.
      inscriptions on Mayan monuments at, terminal dates of,
        significance of =22=, =i=: 290-299.
      ruins of =3=: 64.
      statues of =1=: 207, 224, 227, 228, 229, 245.

    =Cope, E. D.=
      on Cristone Pueblo ruin =29=: 115.
      on Cuyamunque =29=: 333.

    =Copehan Family= =7=: 69 _sq._

    =Copehan Stock=
      implements employed by, in stick games =24=: 227.
      tribes of the =24=:
        Winnimen 241.
        Wintun 283, 658.

    =Copeland=, _Rev._ =Charles E.=, information obtained from =44=:
      191, 192, 193.

    =Copenhagen Museum=, West Indian objects in =34=: 50, 179.

    =Coping.= _See_ =Roof-coping=.

    =Copings of Hatchways= =8=: 203.

    =Copings of Walls=, description of =8=: 151 _sq._

    =Copper=
      arrows poisoned by corrosion =14=: 285.
      articles collected from mounds =12=: 24.
      articles, in some instances introduced by Europeans =12=: 710.
      as a fabric preservative =13=: 36.
      association of implements of, with pottery, Northwestern province
        =20=: 192.
      ax from mounds =12=: 325.
      beads from mounds =12=: 77, 79, 113, 337, 340, 343, 379, 412, 515.
      bracelets from mounds =12=: 51, 393, 426, 431.
      bracelets of =35=: 937.
      breaking of =35=: 685.
      chisels from mounds =12=: 107.
      covered ear pendants =12=: 153.
      crescents from mound =12=: 113, 340.
      cylinder found by E. B. Andrews, smooth and even as though rolled
        =12=: 711.
      cylinders from mound =12=: 336, 337.
      disks from mounds =12=: 76, 324.
      Eskimo ornaments made of =18=: 52, 56, 58.
      Eskimo implements made of =18=: 148, 177 _sqq._, 276, 280, 282,
        283.
      fire from heaven transformed into =31=: 467.
      found by Coronado at Quivira =14=: 397, 509, 577, 582.
      found in Awatobi =17=: 608, 609, 631.
      from burial cave, spool =12=: 285.
      from stone graves, plates, figured =12=: 161.
      gorget from mound =12=: 426, 495.
      in use among Indians =5=: 93, 94, 100-106; =19=: 23, 26.
      kettles from mound =12=: 51, 163, 502.
      masks of =46=: 34.
      medal from mound =12=: 246.
      mention of =35=: 655, 684, 685, 770, 772, 775, 777, 778, 785;
        =38=: § 751.
      mines, ancient, in Michigan =14=: XXXV, 345.
      mines of Lake Superior =13=: XXVIII.
      objects of American Indians =13=: 165.
      occurrence of articles of, in Georgia mound =20=: 139.
      occurrence of clay cores from ear disks of =20=: 43, 142.
      occurrence of human heads stamped in, Georgia =20=: 138.
      pictographs on =10=: 212 _sq._
      plate =46=: 35.
      plates from mound =12=: 67, 80, 81, 337, 416, 495.
      plates with impressed figures =12=: 153, 302, 303, 305-309, 320,
        324.
      purchase of =35=: 685.
      recognized by Colorado River Indians =14=: 405.
      rings of =12=: 513.
      sleigh bells or hawk’s bells from mound =12=: 376, 714.
      spearheads on Menomini reserve =14=: 36, 37.
      specimens found in southwestern ruins =28=: 98, 148.
      spindles from mounds =12=: 76, 97, 351, 353.
      spools from mounds and stone graves =12=: 144, 285, 324, 325.
      taboos relating to =31=: 305, 306, 450.
      Tewa name for =29=: 580.
      use of, by the Winnebago =37=: 85 _sq._
      unknown to ancient Tusayan =17=: 741.
      used by maturing girl =35=: 701.
      used in embroidery =13=: 28.
      wire from mound =12=: 73.
      work in, suggesting Mexican influence =20=: 42.
      _See also_ =Implements=, _Copper_.

    =Copper Bells=
      found among Texas Indians =14=: 350.
      from Pueblo ruins in Arizona, description of =22, i=: 50, 111, 162
        _sq._
      from Pueblo ruins in Arizona, figures showing =22, i=: 111, 162.
      in Arizona ruins =17=: 628, 629.

    =Copper Bracelets= =35=: 777.

    =Copper Eskimo= =46=: 230.

    =Copper Implements=, aboriginal, collection of =21=: XXXIII.

    =Copper Plates=
      figured, found in stone graves =12=: 701.
      figured, from Hollywood Mound, Georgia =12=: 320.
      frauds =4=: 247.
      of the Tlingit =26=: 437.
      used only at potlatches =31=: 57.

    =Copper River=, western boundary of Tlingit =26=: 396.

    =Copper Shields.= _See_ =Plates= (_copper and brass_).

    =Copperhead=, myths and lore concerning =19=: 252 _sq._, 296, 313.

    =Coppers=
      breaking of =35=: 822, 1115 _sq._
      mention of =35=: 856, 861, 883, 884, 889, 890, 903, 964, 969,
        1024, 1072, 1079, 1083, 1087, 1088, 1111, 1112, 1113, 1114,
        1351, 1352.
      painted on house front =35=: 805.
      price of =35=: 1024, 1026.
      sale of =35=: 1115.
      small =35=: 777.

    =Copris Beetle=, harbinger of rainy season =38=: § 938.

    =Coptis Trifolia=, use of =44=: 288, 369.

    =Copunnish=, a Sahaptin synonym =14=: 744.

    =Copway, George=
      on double ball, Missisauga =24=: 653 _sq._
      on duck in Ontario =19=: 1098.
      on hidden ball, Missisauga =24=: 344.
      on racket, Missisauga =24=: 569 _sq._
      on ring and pin, Missisauga =24=: 538.
      on running races, Missisauga =24=: 803.

    =Coquell.= _See_ =Siletz Reserve=.

    =Coquite=, pueblo of =14=: 523.

    =Cora=
      meaning of number names of =19=: 878.
      number names of =19=: 867, 930.

    =Corados=, pictured notices by the =10=: 357.

    =Coral=, use of, as necklace, in Hopi pictures =21=: 119.

    =Coral Berry= =33=: 116.

    =Corazones=
      Coronado’s army in valley of =14=: 484.
      description of, by Jaramillo =14=: 585.
      food supply in =14=: 553.
      kindness of Indians of =14=: 534, 537.
      or Valley of Hearts, in Sonora =14=: 392.
      river and settlement of =14=: 515.
      settlement of, by Arellano =14=: 572.

    =Corbeau.= _See_ =Gaá-Bohón=.

    =Corbusier, William F.=
      account of Dakota customs by =10=: 265.
      cited on Indian wigs =9=: 474.
      cited on use of pollen by Indians =9=: 505.
      cited on Indian medicine men =9=: 460.
      petroglyphs reported by =10=: 129 _sq._
      quoted on galena among the Indians =9=: 549.
      religious ceremonies described by =10=: 505 _sq._

    =Corbusier=, _Dr._ =William H.=
      local source of sign language =1=: 317.
      on Crow occupancy of Black Hills =7=: 114.
      on pictographs =4=: 60.
      on rock carvings =4=: 24.
      on time symbols =4=: 88.
      sign for strong =1=: 364.
      Winter Counts, the =4=: 95, 118, 119, 121, 124, 127-146.

    =Cord=
      Eskimo implements for making =18=: 110 _sqq._
      markings on pottery =3=: 423.
      of St. Francis =9=: 556 _sq._
      umbilical, treatment of =38=: § 905.
      _See also_ =Cords=.

    =Cord Attachers= of the Eskimo =18=: 142-145.

    =Cordage=
      of the Menomini =14=: 260, 273.
      primitive manufacture of =13=: 21.

    =Corderu, Tefilo=, archeological material found by =25=: 100.

    =Cording=
      with one thread =38=: § 40.
      with three threads =38=: §41.

    =Cordoncillo=, medicinal remedy =26=: 80.

    =Cordova, P. Fr. Juan de=
      on meaning of _nagache_ =16=: 228.
      on meaning of _quii-lana_ =16=: 231 _sq._
      on Zapotec counting by moons =19=: 954.
      on Zapotec numerals =19=: 872, 887.

    =Córdova, Luis Cabrera de=
      on Jemez =29=: 402.
      on San Juan =29=: 213.

    =Córdova, Mexico=
      antiquities near =26=: XV.
      Indian burials of =46=: 35.
      Indians of =46=: 36.

    =Cords=
      formerly used in binding prisoners =9=: 574 _sq._
      imitation of impressions of, in pottery decoration =20=: 66, 79,
        134, 190.
      magic wind, of the Lapps =9=: 560 _sq._
      Mahometan belief concerning =9=: 566.
      measuring =9=: 572 _sq._
      mnemonic =9=: 561 _sqq._
      of the Seri =17=: 227*-230*.
      sacred, of the Brahmans and Parsis =9=: 563-567.
      superstitions concerning =9=: 533-580.
      sacred, ophic origin of =9=: 574.
      unclassified, superstitions concerning =9=: 576-580.
      use of, eastern United States pottery =20=: 50, 52, 68, 72, 73-79.
      use of, Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 118.
      use of, Iroquoian pottery =20=: 163.
      use of, Mid-Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 148-156.
      use of, New Jersey-New England pottery =20=: 179.
      use of, Northwestern pottery =20=: 188, 189, 190, 191, 194-201.
      use of, Ohio Valley pottery =20=: 185.
      used for suspending chimney =8=: 170.
      used in casting lots =9=: 558 _sq._
      _See also_ =Cord=; =Fabrics=; =Paddles=; =Roulette=; =Textiles=.

    =Cores=, described and figured =13=: 170.

    =Corial=
      a dugout boat =38=: § 792, 797.
      string figure of =38=: § 668, 680.

    =Coriander Seeds=
      ground cherry eaten with =30=: 70.
      used as food =30=: 66.
      used for drinking =30=: 66.
      used for dyeing =30=: 80.

    =Cormorant=
      legend concerning =30=: 225 _sq._
      skin, Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 31, 39.
      Tlingit charm from =26=: 454 _sq._

    =Corn=
      a gift to the people =39=: 207.
      a life symbol =43=: 68.
      acquisition of =32=: 642.
      appearance of, in Hopi pictures =21=: 68, 69, 82, 95, 98, 102,
        106, 115, 119, 122.
      Arapaho mythic origin of =14=: 959.
      artificialization of =13=: LIX.
      as a fetish =47=: 277.
      attached to prayer sticks =17=: 739.
      beans used with =30=: 70, 74, 85.
      bee plant cooked with =30=: 69.
      beliefs concerning =47=: 277.
      black, magic power of =47=: 683, 686, 689.
      blue, a life symbol =36=: 136.
      burned in New Fire ceremony =42=: 555, 562 _sq._, 584, 604, 605,
        606, 607.
      cactus used with =30=: 69.
      carried in Oraibi dance =16=: 293.
      ceremonial use of =43=: 48, 72.
      ceremonies connected with =42=: 707.
      ceremony in Tusayan =16=: 307.
      charred, found in ruins =33=: 191, 196.
      chemical composition of =19=: 1081.
      clan names from =30=: 86.
      cocklebur used with =30=: 72.
      cooking of, by the Chippewa =44=: 319.
      crushers of lake dwellers =13=: 87.
      cultivation of =27=: 252, 626.
      cultivation of, by the Navaho =16=: 84.
      customs concerning =11=: 410.
      description of native American =14=: 518.
      destruction in Troano Codex =16=: 217.
      distribution of grains of =23=: 194, 195.
      distribution of, in Soyaluña =21=: 24.
      dramatization of growth of =21=: 93.
      drink made of =47=: 921.
      enormous size of =32=: 481.
      Eriocoma seeds mixed with =30=: 67.
      feast of =37=: 384.
      flint, a life symbol =36=: 134.
      found in Awatobi =17=: 606, 619.
      found in cavate lodges =13=: 225.
      found in Honanki =17=: 572.
      found in Ruin No. 6 =33=: 172.
      green sweet, chemical composition of =19=: 1081.
      green, taboo concerning =42=: 554, 573.
      grown by women =39=: 288.
      Hopi symbolism of =17=: 662.
      importance of introduction of =42=: 726.
      in Caddo mythology =14=: 1093.
      in Cheyenne mythology =14=: 1027.
      in Hopi ceremony =17=: 628.
      in Hopi mythology =16=: 302.
      in Ponca legend =27=: 49.
      in Tusayan ceremony =15=: 270, 271, 278, 279, 280, 283, 289, 302.
      Indian use of =19=: 481.
      introduction of, into the West Indies =34=: 58.
      lambsquarter seed eaten with =30=: 66.
      large quantities of, raised by certain tribes =7=: 41.
      legend of origin of =32=: 643.
      mesa named for =30=: 86.
      method of grinding, at pueblos =14=: 522, 559.
      mysterious appearance of =32=: 637, 640.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 244 _sq._, 246, 248, 249, 421,
        423, 432, 471.
      myths concerning =11=: 40, 76, 403.
      of Antelope altar =19=: 968.
      of Macileñya =19=: 989.
      of Mishongnovi Cakwaleñya altar =19=: 992.
      orache seeds eaten with =30=: 66.
      origin of =30=: 73.
      Pawnee use of, in glazing inner surfaces of pots =20=: 59.
      people of Zuñi tradition =13=: 343.
      perfecting ceremony =13=: 445.
      pigweed mixed with =30=: 67.
      place in Wa´waⁿ ceremony =27=: 379.
      planting time for, by the Hopi =15=: 258, 259.
      pollen used in Navaho ceremonies =14=: 705.
      preparation of =23=: 186, 187.
      preparation of, for bush fire =42=: 562 _sq._
      preparation of a perfect ear of =23=: 418.
      probable place of origin of =33=: 59.
      prominent in Flute ceremony =19=: 1005.
      red, a life symbol =36=: 136.
      rite connected with =45=: 530.
      rites connected with Snake dance =16=: 306.
      ritual of =27=: 609.
      roasting of =30=: 76.
      sacred, of the Arapaho =17=: 242.
      sacred feast of =22, ii=: 161, 333.
      sacred nature of =47=: 496.
      sacrosanct, term for =47=: 217.
      significance of =16=: 228.
      Sioux mythic origin of =14=: 1063.
      songs and dances of =32=: 649.
      speckled, a life symbol =36=: 137.
      spirits associated with =30=: 228, 230 _sq._
      sprouted beverage with =30=: 76.
      spurge used for sweetening =30=: 68.
      stack (shock) of, at Walpi Flute altar =19=: 1001.
      stores of, kept by Indians =14=: 584.
      sweet, introduced in Mishongnovi =17=: 604.
      symbolic planting of =39=: 194; =43=: 55, 56.
      symbolic use of =21=: 41; =47=: 121.
      symbolism of =43=: 48.
      symbolic of cardinal points =16=: 291.
      symbols in the codices =16=: 216, 226, 242.
      tumbleweed seeds used with =30=: 65.
      use of =44=: 294.
      use of, by Natackas =21=: 35.
      use of, in Hopi =21=: 114.
      use of, in initiation ceremony =47=: 74.
      use of, in naming ceremony =47=: 134, 215.
      used as food =30=: 73-76.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 99 _sq._
      used in making he´palokia =30=: 75.
      used in medicine =30=: 62.
      used in Tusayan ceremony =16=: 279, 280, 282.
      varieties grown by Indians =33=: 67.
      varieties of =37=: 117.
      white, origin of =32=: 652.
      white-flour, medicinal use of =42=: 665.
      yellow, a life symbol =36=: 137.
      Zuñi origin of =13=: 391.
      Zuñi regard for =13=: 376.
      _See also_ =Agriculture=; =Corn= (_among the Pima_); =Corn, Ear
        of=; etc.; =Maize=; =Meal=; =New Corn Crop=; =Pollen=.

    =Corn= (_among the Pima_).
      article of trade =26=: 94.
      food product =26=: 72 _sq._
      in mythology =26=: 352.
      in song =26=: 332 _sq._

    =Corn=, a female man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 174.

    =Corn, Ear of=
      appearance of, in Hopi katcinas =21=: 102, 122.
      function of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 46.
      in katcina representations =21=: 68.
      journey to the sun by =22, ii=: 50-56.
      leadership of, assertion of =22, ii=: 68-73, 85-89, 299, 306, 307.
      leadership of, assumption of =22, ii=: 59.
      meaning of design painted on =22, ii=: 44 _sqq._
      painting of =22, ii=: 42-46, 289, 290.
      plate representing =22, ii=: 44.
      roasted, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 105, 116.
      sacred =22, ii=: 156.
      symbolism of =22, ii=: 22, 23, 44, 289.
      use of =22, ii=: 20.
      use of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 98.

    =Corn, Green=
      festival of the Iroquois =2=: 115.
      Iroquois festival of gathering of =2=: 115.
      planting of =2=: 115.

    =Corn Clan=
      ceremony of =47=: 82, 94 _sqq._
      native name for =42=: 116.
      reference to =47=: 910.
      same as Kolon clan =19=: 615, 618.

    =Corn Creek Reserve=, sale of =18=: 830.

    =Corn Creek Uta=, executive order affecting =18=: 892.

    =Corn Dances=
      ceremony of =32=: 647.
      description of =42=: 534; =44=: 257.
      _See also_ =Green Corn Dance=.

    =Corn Ears=
      representation of, Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 124.
      supposed modeling, of Iroquoian pottery =20=: 163.

    =Corn Festival=, modern survival of =43=: 255.

    =Corn God=
      in Maya hieroglyphs =16=: 210, 217, 229.
      of the Pima =26=: 333.

    =Corn Groups=
      discussion of =47=: 269-274.
      marriage within =47=: 235, 269.
      names of =47=: 270.
      officers of =47=: 269.

    =Corn Hills=, Indian remains =43=: 256 _sq._

    =Corn Husks=
      appearance of, in Hopi pictures =21=: 65, 67, 74, 75, 83, 91, 100
        _sq._, 103, 106, 110, 111, 121.
      artificial flowers made of =21=: 85.
      use of, as necklace in dress of Hopi katcinas =21=: 100.

    =Corn Katcinas.= _See_ =Kae=.

    =Corn Kernel Mosaic=, at Mishongnovi altar =19=: 993.

    =Corn Maid=
      dolls of the Hopi =17=: 704.
      figures of the Hopi =17=: 661.
      figures on Hopi pottery =17=: 657, 658, 662.
      images on Flute altar =16=: 300.
      impersonation of =47=: 913.
      myth concerning =47=: 914-919.
      personated in Hopi dances =16=: 300.

    =Corn Maidens=
      assembling of =23=: 56.
      association of, with Hehea =21=: 73.
      bringing of =23=: 48.
      ceremony over =23=: 55.
      dancing of =23=: 32.
      discovery of =23=: 48, 49.
      escape of =23=: 49.
      gods, assumed the forms of =23=: 53.
      naming of =23=: 31.
      procession of, from Ku´shilowa =23=: 53.
      protection of, by the gods =23=: 49.
      representation of, by marionettes =21=: 87, 88.
      return of =23=: 52.
      younger sister of =23=: 55.
      Zuñi ceremonial of =13=: 430, 435, 442, 443.
      _See also_ =Cardinal Corn Maidens=.

    =Corn Meal=
      at Hopi altars =19=: 983, 991, 992, 999, 1001, 1003.
      chemical composition of =19=: 1081.
      importance of, in Antelope and Snake dance =19=: 974, 975, 976.
      made with one blow of pestle =32=: 399.
      sacred to divinities =29=: 43.
      used in Navaho house dedication =17=: 504, 505.
      _See also_ =Meal=; =Prayer Meal=.

    =Corn Mother=
      a fetish =47=: 277.
      composition of =47=: 277.

    =Corn Mound=, symbolic =17=: 740.

    =Corn Mountain.= _See_ =To´wa Yäl´llännĕ=.

    =Corn People=
      All Colors corn group =47=: 272.
      officials of =47=: 272.

    =Corn Planting.= _See_ =Palülükoñti=.

    =Corn-planting Songs= =39=: 196-205.

    =Corn Pollen=
      in Hopi ceremony =17=: 628.
      _See also_ =Pollen=.

    =Corn Silk=, use of =44=: 318.

    =Corn Smut=
      mention of =33=: 62.
      use of, in medicine =30=: 61.

    =Corn Woman=, declaration of =32=: 646.

    =Cornaceae= =33=: 107.

    =Cornbury=, _Lord_, instructions to =18=: 589.

    =Corncobs=
      appearance of, in Hopi pictures =21=: 118.
      Cherokee use of, in smother-firing =20=: 56.
      found in small buildings =33=: 165.
      in Cherokee myth =19=: 436, 441.

    =Corncrib=, community =42=: 444.

    =Cornelius=, _Rev._ =Elias=
      account of Etowah Mound, cited =12=: 293.
      on The Suck =19=: 464 _sq._
      statement by, referred to =12=: 298.

    =Cornells=, on Cherokee reception of Prophet’s doctrine =19=: 89.

    =Corner of Baskets=, treatment of =41=: 265, 268, 269, 277, 278,
      281, 336 _sq._, 347.

    =Corner Stones= of Tusayan kivas =8=: 119.

    =Cornfield=, imitation of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 40, 42, 46, 47.

    =Cornflowers=, appearance of, in Hopi pictures =21=: 119.

    =Cornstalks=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 95, 98.
      in Cipaulovi Antelope dance =16=: 283.
      in Hopi Snake dance =16=: 284, 305.
      in Oraibi kisi =16=: 297.

    =Cornus=, medicinal use of =42=: 660.

    =Cornus Amomum= =33=: 107.

    =Cornus Alternifolia=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 288, 360, 376.

    =Cornus Asperifolia= =33=: 108.

    =Cornus Canadensis=, use of =44=: 288, 307, 321; =45=: 458.

    =Cornus Nuttallii= =45=: 461, 496.

    =Cornus Pubescens= =45=: 472, 475, 490, 495, 499.

    =Cornus Rugosa=, use of =44=: 288, 377.

    =Cornus Stolonifera=
      mention of =33=: 108.
      use of =44=: 288, 360, 369.

    =Cornwall School=, education of Cherokee at =19=: 108.

    =Cornwallis=, attempt to invade North Carolina and Virginia by
       =19=: 56 _sq._

    =Cornwallis Indians=, mention of =41=: 144.

    =Corona Borealis= =22=, =ii=: 234.

    =Coronado, Francisco Vasquez de=
      accompanied Mendoza to Mexico =14=: 376.
      appointment of =14=: 402.
      at Cibola =19=: 650.
      at Zuñi =47=: 23.
      cause of illness of =14=: 531, 538, 579.
      commission of, as governor of New Galicia =14=: 351.
      conquest of Cibola by =13=: 326.
      departure of, for Quivira =14=: 395, 577.
      departure of, from Compostela =14=: 478.
      departure of, from Culiacan =14=: 552.
      end of career of =14=: 402.
      escorts Friar Marcos to Culiacan =14=: 355.
      explorations by =17=: 53 _sqq._
      letter written by, to survivors of Narvaez’s expedition =14=: 507,
        590.
      marriage and history of =14=: 379, 474.
      on Indian dependence on buffalo =14=: 980.
      on location of Tucano =19=: 599.
      on Pecos =29=: 475.
      on Quivira =29=: 565.
      petition from, to Mendoza =14=: 596.
      quells revolt of miners at Amatepeque =14=: 380.
      regrets of, for failure of expedition =14=: 583.
      request by, for investigation of personnel of force =14=: 377.
      return of, to Mexico =14=: 401.
      return of, to Mexico with Friar Marcos =14=: 362, 381.
      route of =17=: 530.
      rumors of appointment of, as governor =14=: 380.
      separation of, from main army =14=: 508.
      trick attempted on =19=: 194.
      Tutahaco visited by =14=: 492.
      wounded at Cibola =14=: 388, 483, 557, 565, 573.

    =Coronado Expedition=
      mention of =13=: 296; =19=: 598.
      memoir on =14=: L, LIV, 329-613.
      reference to =28=: 65.
      route of =26=: 26.

    =Coronation Gulf=, Eskimo =46=: 230.

    =Coronel=, _Hon._ =A. F.=
      cited =10=: 72.
      collection of herders’ notched sticks of =4=: 81, 82.
      ethnologic collection of =10=: 71.
      on pictographs =4=: 35, 36.
      on Serrano land-marks =4=: 182.

    =Corporations=
      among Omahas =3=: 218, 342, 355, 367.
      dancing societies =3=: 330, 342, 355.
      feasting societies =3=: 342.
      in savagery =15=: CX, CXV.
      organization of =20=: LXV _sq._, LXXII.
      purposes of =20=: LXXII-LXXVIII.

    =Corporeal Gestures=, general consideration of =1=: 270, 273.

    =Corpse=
      a source of disease =42=: 511, 651 _sq._
      belief concerning =42=: 702.
      clothed in best clothing =35=: 708.
      kicked by the mother =35=: 708.
      left unburied =42=: 393, 394.
      painting of =38=: § 831, 833, 855, 860, 864.
      preparation of, for burial, Winnebago =37=: 146, 149.
      used in ceremonial dances =35=: 1008 _sq._
      _See also_ =Burials=.

    =Corpse-from-a-Scaffold=, a Cheyenne division =14=: 1026.

    =Corral, Ramón=, acknowledgments to =17=: XLIV, 12, 14, 20.

    =Corrals=
      described in detail =8=: 214-217.
      Hawikuh =8=: 81.
      how constructed =8=: 146.
      Ketchipauan =8=: 81.
      modern at Kiakima =8=: 85.
      Payupki =8=: 59.
      Sichumovi =8=: 62 _sq._

    =Correo, Francisco=, town chief at Oraibi =47=: 354.

    =Correo, José Nacio=, town chief at Oraibi =47=: 354.

    =Correspondence of the Bureau of American Ethnology= =25=: XIX,
      XXIV; =26=: XVI, XVII; =39=: 10; =41=: 6 _sq._, 27, 56, 80, 86.

    =Correspondents=
      foreign, on sign language =1=: 407.
      of the Bureau of American Ethnology =13=: XXV.

    =Corsican= funeral custom =1=: 147.

    =Cortes (Cortés; Cortez), Hernando=
      arguments of, before the Council for the Indies =14=: 371.
      cited =12=: 671.
      declares Friar Marcos’ report to be a lie =14=: 367.
      defeat of Narvaez by =14=: 346.
      efforts of, to populate New Spain =14=: 373.
      expedition under Ulloa to head of Gulf of California =14=: 369.
      feats of =14=: 450.
      figure in Conquest Play =25=: 248.
      importation of cattle by =14=: 374.
      in Mexico =25=: 231, 243, 244, 248, 274.
      instructions to =18=: 539.
      Marquis del Valle de Oxitipar =14=: 350.
      mention of =1=: 209; =42=: 41.
      name Nueva España given by =14=: 403.
      probably mistaken reference to, in Ramusio =14=: 556.
      rivalry of, with Guzman =14=: 475.
      settlement at Santa Cruz =14=: 351.
      trial for murder of wife =14=: 473.
      troubles of, with Mendoza =14=: 368, 409.

    =Cortesian Codex=
      _caban_ symbol in =16=: 254.
      _cauac_ day symbol in =16=: 259.
      _chuen_ symbol in =16=: 241.
      _cimi_ symbol in =16=: 231.
      cited =19=: 817.
      discussion of symbols in =16=: 256, 261.
      _eb_ symbol in =16=: 243.
      _ix_ symbol in =16=: 248.
      _kan_ symbol in =16=: 229.
      mention of =3=: 7, 8, 9, 25, 26, 31, 34, 35, 36, 41, 58, 59, 60,
        61, 63, 64.
      _muluc_ symbol in =16=: 237.
      _oc_ symbol in 16: 239.
      phonetic element of symbols in =16=: 239.
      references to =22, i=: 252, 253.

    =Cortez,= _Don_ =José=
      cited =7=: 54.
      cited as to Tontos =28=: 217.
      on Colorado River tribes =28=: 209.
      on Seri Indians =17=: 83 _sq._

    =Corwin, R. G.=, commissioner for Cherokee boundary =5=: 365.

    =“Corwin,”= _S. S._ (_United States revenue steamer_).
      cruises of =46=: 29.
      expeditions by E. W. Nelson on =18=: 20 _sq._
      mention of =46=: 177, 205, 221.

    =Corwine, R. W.=, killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =Corylus=, use of =44=: 340.

    =Corylus Americana=
      mention of =33=: 74.
      use of =44=: 289, 307, 338, 369, 377.

    =Corylus Californica= =45=: 491, 501.

    =Corylus Rostrata=, use of =44=: 289, 377.

    =Cosa, Juan de la=, map of =26=: 77.

    =Cosĭ´spä.= _See_ =Kasĭ´spä=.

    =Cosmit Reserve=, establishment of =18=: 884.

    =Cosmogonic Myths=
      of the Cherokee =19=: 239-261.
      _See also_ =Sacred Myths=.

    =Cosmogony=
      of the Dakota =11=: 438.
      of the Hopi =16=: 302 _sq._; =17=: 647, 666, 732.
      of the Muyscas =16=: 220.
      of the Sia =11=: 26, 143.

    =Cosmography=, Tewa =29=: 41 _sq._

    =Cosmological Beliefs= (_or_ =Ideas=) =37=: 163; =47=: 487 _sq._

    =Cosmology=
      explained by Smohalla =14=: 720.
      mention of =33=: 299.
      not simple but composite =21=: 136.
      of the Arapaho =14=: 959, 983.
      of the Caddo =14=: 1093.
      of the Cherokee =14=: 971.
      of the Columbia River tribes =14=: 722.
      of the Iroquois =21=: 127-339.
      of the Menomini =14=: 20.
      of the Paiute =14=: 1050.
      of the Tlingit =26=: 451-460.
      of the Zuñi =13=: 370, 379, 388.

    =Cosmos, The=, beliefs concerning =42=: 477-481.

    =Cosna= =46=: 126.

    =Cosninos= =4=: 30.

    =Costa Rica=
      Anastasia Alfaro donates gold ornaments from =10=: XXII.
      character of pottery of =20=: 20.
      establishment of =17=: 109.
      origin of name of =6=: 35.

    =Costano Dialects=, Latham’s, opinions concerning =7=: 92.

    =Costanoan Family= =7=: 70, 71.

    =Costanoan Stock=
      games of the =24=:
        hand game 283.
        hoop and pole 472.
        stick games 248.
      tribes of the =24=:
        Rumsen 283, 472.
        Saklan 248.

    =Costansó=, _Father_ =Miguel=
      extract from diary of =44=: 41-44.
      reference to diary of =44=: 36.

    =Coste=, De Soto’s visit to =19=: 200.

    =Costello, John=, killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =Costumes=
      ceremonial, of Tusayan =15=: 265, 270, 275, 277, 278, 281, 282,
        283, 287, 295.
      for Sword-swallowing dance =47=: 115.
      in ceremonial =11=: 106, 122, 133.
      in religious ceremonies =15=: 267.
      of dancers =47=: 100-105, 303, 304, 305, 314, 318, 324.
      of Fire society members =47=: 114.
      of medicine-men =47=: 113, 118.
      of the Algonquian Indians =15=: 44.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 208.
      of the Ghost dancers =14=: 788, 814, 916.
      of the Louisiana Indian women =13=: 32, 33.
      of the Nenenot =11=: 289.
      of the Sia =11=: 22.
      of warriors =46=: 548, 553  _sq._
      of women =47=: 870  _sq._
      of Zuñi katcinas =47=: 857, 869-872, 908, 919, 923, 931, 935, 936,
        946, 958, 962, 967, 969, 986, 988, 990, 991, 993, 996, 1002,
        1006, 1007, 1009, 1011, 1012, 1013, 1014, 1016, 1017, 1018,
        1020, 1021, 1023, 1024, 1026, 1028, 1031, 1032, 1035, 1036,
        1040, 1041, 1048, 1051, 1055, 1056, 1057, 1065, 1066, 1067,
        1070, 1071, 1073, 1074, 1075,  1076, 1077, 1078, 1080, 1082,
        1085, 1086.
      representation of, on effigy vases, Middle Mississippi Valley
        group =20=: 57.
      worn at Bull’s dance =46=: 562.
      worn at Fox dance =46=: 561.
      worn at Soldiers’ dance =46=: 563.
      _See also_ =Antelope Priests=; =Clothing=; =Dress=; =Ghost
        Shirts=.

    =Costumes, Weapons and Ornaments= (distinctive), pictographs of
      =10=: 749-756.

    =Costumery= in Tusayan ceremony =16=: 282, 284, 288, 292, 294.

    =Cosumne= (_or_ =Cosumni=), ball race of the =24=: 669  _sq._

    =Coteea´kun.= _See_ =Kotai´aqan=.

    =Coto=, description of =21=: 89.

    =Cotokiñufiwû=
      derivation of =21=: 124.
      description of =21=: 120.
      statuette of, at Oraibi Flute altar =19=: 993.

    =Cotoname=
      linguistic material, work on =29=: 13, 14.
      vocabulary, collected by Doctor Gatschet =7=: 68.

    =Cotonné=, synonym of Kutenai =14=: 731.

    =Cotoplanenee= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Cottage Home Group of Ruins=, mention of =41=: 496.

    =Cottman, George S.=
      information furnished by =24=: 342, 344.
      on game of bullet =24=: 343.

    =Cotton=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 43, 59, 65, 70,
        90, 92, 99, 102, 105, 106, 122.
      apron =38=: § 548.
      at Acoma, Coronado’s account of =14=: 560.
      Casa Grande, references to =28=: 148, 156.
      cloth at Tusayan =14=: 489.
      cords and bands =38=: § 39-44.
      cultivation of, by Guiana Indians =30=: 77  _sq._; =38=: § 246.
      cultivation of, by the Hopi =17=: 596, 629.
      cultivation of, by the Tusayan =8=: 33.
      cultivation of, on Rio Grande =14=: 575.
      fabrics in Verde ruins =17=: 573.
      found at Cibola by Coronado =14=: 558.
      garments of the Hopi =17=: 599.
      hammocks =38=: § 460, 462, 466-476.
      loopwork on a frame =38=: § 56.
      plaits of, source of =30=: 337.
      products of, traded by the Pima =26=: 94.
      raised by the Pima =26=: 29, 148 =sqq.=
      sails =38=: § 797.
      scale lines =38=: § 38.
      shawls of Lower Mississippi =13=: 25.
      substitute for =33=: 65.
      twine =38=: § 33-37.
      use of, by the Pueblo Indians =14=: 569.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 92, 340.
      woven in pueblos, native =3=: 375.

    =Cotton Cloth=
      Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 32.
      Eskimo hunting bag made of =18=: 167.

    =Cotton Gin=, grant to Cherokee of =19=: 85.

    =Cotton Gin Port=
      mention of =42=: 827.
      road from =42=: 826.

    =Cotton Plant=, uses of =26=: 77.

    =Cotton States and International Exposition=, exhibit at =17=:
      LVIII.

    =Cottonai=, synonym of Kutenai =14=: 731.

    =Cotton’s Ranch=
      same as Pueblo Ganado =19=: 604.
      site of old Wukopakabi =19=: 614.

    =Cottontail=, account of =26=: 82.

    =Cottonwood=
      coronet worn in Snake dance =16=: 306.
      in basketry =26=: 134.
      in Paiute Ghost song =14=: 1055.
      leaves in Tusayan ceremony =16=: 282, 283, 292, 294.
      medicinal use of =42=: 660.
      mention of =33=: 72.
      mystic character of =33=: 57.
      narrow-leaf, used in ceremonial =30=: 97.
      not used in Cipaulovi Snake dance =16=: 284.
      Pima food plant =26=: 69.
      sacred character of =14=: 968.
      use of, by Indians =14=: 967.
      used for framework of Ki =26=: 154.

    =Cottonwood Canyon, Utah=
      archeological work in =40=: 13 _sq._
      collection from =41=: 19

    =Coualina=, comets sent by =30=: 259.

    =Couches= of the Omaha =13=: 275.

    =Coudreau, H. A.=, cited =30=: 152, 165, 254, 285, 289, 309 _sq._,
      329, 355, 375.

    =Coues=, _Dr._ =Elliott=
      citing Grace’s Diary on Yavapai =26=: 200.
      death of =21=: XXXVIII.
      on bird carvings from mounds =2=: 148.
      on dependence of fur traders on wild rice =19=: 1101 _sq._
      on dependence of Northwest Fur Company on wild rice =19=: 1103.
      on description of wild rice plant =19=: 1026.
      on early range of horses =15=: 174.
      on “Fols Avoins Sauteurs” =19=: 1042.
      on influence of wild rice on geographic nomenclature =19=: 1122,
        1123, 1124.
      on Kinnikinie =15=: 172.
      on Kino’s route =17=: 60.
      on massacre at Caborka =17=: 77.
      on popular synonym for wild rice =19=: 1023, 1024.
      on time of year when Dakota consume wild rice =19=: 1087.
      on wild rice in North Dakota =19=: 1031.
      reference to translation of Diario =19=: 599.
      search of, for documents in the Pueblos =21=: X, XXII.
      work by, cited =28=: 57.
      work of =26=: 28.

    =Cougar=
      invoked in medicine =30=: 59.
      myths concerning =11=: 39, 154.
      range of the =2=: 142.
      Society of the =11=: 118.
      special connection of, with man =27=: 512.

    =Coughs=
      and colds prevalent at rising of Great Bear =38=: § 937.
      treatment of =42=: 660 _sq._, 667, 668.
      _See also_ =Whooping Cough=.

    =Coulanges, Fustel de=, description of the “Ancient City” by =19=:
      XLI.

    =Coulter=, _Doctor_, =Pima= vocabulary by =7=: 98; =26=: 269 _sq._

    =Coulter, John M.=, on wild rice in Texas =19=: 1032.

    =Coulter, P. F.=, inclosure on land of =12=: 468.

    =Council=
      description of =46=: 436-440, 446 _sqq._
      forming new government =42=: 330.
      Indian, at Huron village =1=: 251.
      Isleta, members of =47=: 250 _sq._
      manner of conducting =42=: 536 _sq._
      matters decided by =47=: 478.
      of priests =47=: 478.
      of the Tsimshian =31=: 433.
      Omaha tribal =3=: 361.
      _See also_ =Councils=.

    =Council Bluffs=, treaty of =27=: 622.

    =Council Fire=
      covering and uncovering of =32=: 541.
      description of =42=: 536.

    =Council for the Indies=, investigation of charges against Cabeza
      de Vaca by =14=: 349.

    =Council, General=, of the Confederacy =42=: 310, 320.

    =Council, Governing Tribal=
      modern form =27=: 635.
      on annual buffalo hunt =27=: 276, 277 _sq._, 280, 302 _sqq._

    =Council Lodge=
      diagram of =46=: 437.
      order of entering =37=: 163.
      seating arrangements in =37=: 164 _sq._

    =Council of Seven Chiefs=
      at Watha’wa =27=: 497-500.
      authority as to keepers =27=: 595.
      general account of =27=: 206-212.
      gens represented in =27=: 172.
      origin of =27=: 74.
      part in anointing Sacred Pole =27=: 230-233.
      part in buffalo hunt =27=: 276, 280, 281, 283, 423, 425.
      punishment of offenders =27=: 213.
      references to =27=: 196, 203, 236.
      use of kinship terms in =27=: 314.

    =Council of the Gods=, night ceremonies of =23=: 241-249.

    =Council of the Gods and Rainmakers= =23=: 144.

    =Council of the Gods and Sha’läko= =23=: 129.

    =Council, World=
      chief chosen for all peoples =32=: 332-341.
      held at Broken Land =32=: 325.
      invitation to attend =32=: 336.

    =Councils=
      customs connected with =45=: 154 _sq._
      discussion of =46=: 451.
      held for all important undertakings =37=: 163.
      not permanent =45=: 263.
      of war =45=: 188.
      tribal, composition of =43=: 462.
      uses of pipes in =20=: 44.
      _See also_ =Clan Council=; =Council=; =Town Council=.

    =Counter-charms= to Indian “medicine” =9=: 459 _sq._

    =Counterirritants= =38=: § 926.

    =Counting=
      among the Osage =17=: 260.
      analogy of, between animals and tribesmen =19=: 833 _sqq._
      and number systems, primitive =19=: 833-843.
      by fingers =42=: 454.
      decimal system of =42=: 453.
      Eskimo methods of =18=: 236 _sq._
      manner of =44=: 246.
      mention of =42=: 453-456.
      of blankets =35=: 1055.
      system of =45=: 148; =46=: 418 _sqq._

    =Counting Game= of Sauk and Foxes =24=: 234.

    =Counting Sticks= of the Cree =24=: 230.

    =Coup=, counting of =46=: 560.

    =Courage=, medicine for =30=: 85, 158.

    =Couria Drink= =38=: § 261.

    =Courois=, built mounds for dwelling sites =12=: 653.

    =Court, Indian=
      among the Menomini =14=: 34.
      establishment of, among the Kiowa =17=: 220.

    =Courting=
      flowers used in =30=: 64.
      medicine used by Winnebago in =37=: 263.
      methods of =30=: 313 _sq._
      _See also_ =Courtship=; =Love=.

    =Courting Game.= _See_ =Matrimonial Game=.

    =Courtois Group= of mounds =5=: 15.

    =Courts=
      Cherokee, narrowing of jurisdiction of =19=: 156.
      Chukubi =8=: 59.
      East Cherokee =19=: 166.
      Hawikuh =8=: 81.
      in ancient Verde ruins =13=: 196.
      Ketchipauan =8=: 81.
      Kin-tiel =8=: 92.
      Kwaituki =8=: 56.
      Mashongnavi =8=: 68.
      Matsaki =8=: 86.
      Mishiptonga =8=: 52.
      Pecado =8=: 95.
      Shumopavi =8=: 74.
      Shupaulovi =8=: 71.
      Sichumovi =8=: 62.
      Tâaaiyalana =8=: 90.
      Walpi =8=: 63.
      Zuñi =8=: 98.
      _See also_ =Plaza=.

    =Courtship=
      account of =27=: 318-324, 361.
      among Fox Indians =40=: 309.
      among the Eskimo =11=: 188.
      among the Omaha =3=: 259.
      Assiniboin customs of =46=: 510 _sq._
      _See also_ =Courting=; =Love=.

    =Couscou Drink= =38=: § 268.

    =Cousins, George=, Eufaula chief =42=: 322.

    =Cousins=, marriage of =30=: 201, 318; =31=: 412; =38=: § 874.

    =Coussa=. _See_ =Coosa=.

    =Coussapoa Latifolia=, for red pigment =38=: § 28.

    =Cousschaté.= _See_ =Koasati=.

    =Coutanie=, a synonym of Kutenai =14=: 731.

    =Couteau=, a name for the Thompson Indians =45=: 447.

    =Coutts=, _Capt._ =Cave J.=, on the Pima =26=: 31.

    =Couvade=
      customs resembling =42=: 359 _sq._
      description of =30=: 320-324.
      mention of =3=: 263; =38=: § 907.
      traces of, among the Tsimshian =31=: 530.
      _See also_ =Pregnancy=.

    =Couvillon, N. A.=, mounds on land of =44=: 410 _sq._

    =Covens, Jean=, maps published by =17=: 63 _sq._

    =Cover Basketry= =38=: § 449.

    =Covered=
      passages and gateways, description of =8=: 180 _sqq._
      way, manner of development of =8=: 76.

    =Coverings=, head =38=: § 518.

    =Covers=
      to burial vases, South Appalachian group =20=: 133, 136 _sq._
      to smoke-holes of Eskimo houses =18=: 246, 251.

    =Coville, F. V.=
      acknowledgments to =14=: 655; =30=: 38.
      on identification of ancient food remains =17=: 741 _sq._

    =Covington, La.=, bowl made by the Choctaws at =20=: 102.

    =Cow=
      appearance of head of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 113.
      in Cherokee myth =19=: 265.
      _See also_ =Bison=; =Buffalo=.

    =Cow-ant= in Cherokee lore =19=: 309.

    =Cow Creek=
      Seminole Indian settlement =5=: 477, 478.
      treaty of =18=: 790.

    =Cow Dance=, mention of =42=: 534.

    =Cow-fly=, string figure of =38=: § 640-642.

    "=Cow-hide Purchase=,” myth of =42=: 76.

    =Cow Horn Game=, mention of =47=: 240.

    =Cow Katcina=
      introduction of, among the Hopi =21=: 17.
      _See also_ =Wakac=.

    =Cow-keeper=, an Oconee chief =42=: 449.

    =Cow Parsnip=
      mention of =33=: 107.
      use of =45=: 457, 482, 504.
      _See also_ =Heracleum Lanatum=.

    =Cowabbe.= _See_ =Little Prince=.

    =Cowassawdays=
      bean festival of =42=: 568.
      _See also_ =Koasati=.

    =Cowe=, description of Cherokee Council House at =5=: 87.

    =Cowee=
      burning of, in 1783 =19=: 61.
      legends of =19=: 375-378, 496.
      trail to =42=: 773.

    =Cowejo=, name applied to Wovoka =14=: 765.

    =Cowell=, ----. _See_ =Robinson Episode=.

    =Coweta=
      allocation of clans in beds at =42=: 201, 204.
      and Kasihta medicine divided by =42=: 546.
      arrangement of square ground of =42=: 228, 229, 274, 275.
      attempted explanation of the name =42=: 73.
      belief of, concerning busk =42=: 546.
      busk name of =42=: 614.
      busk of, description of =42=: 586-589, 604 _sq._
      busk of, held with Eufaula =42=: 568.
      ceremonial title of =42=: 307.
      claims of, to ownership of land =42=: 338.
      clan councils of =42=: 126.
      clans of, furnishing chiefs and henihas =42=: 193 _sq._
      clans, phratries and moieties of =42=: 161.
      distinguished from the Kasihta =42=: 38.
      friendship of, with Tukabahchee =42=: 66, 67, 68 _sq._
      leadership of =42=: 308 _sq._
      legendary associations of =42=: 53.
      legendary origin of =42=: 50, 53.
      legendary origin of the name =42=: 54.
      Lower Creek Red town =42=: 126, 255.
      Lower Creek towns controlled by =42=: 323.
      medicine of, buried under fire =42=: 545.
      medicine taken at =42=: 608.
      Muskogee element represented by =42=: 40.
      mythic history of =42=: 55-63.
      one of four leading towns =42=: 548.
      origin of position as head war town =42=: 55.
      originally united with Kasihta =42=: 261.
      place of general assembly =42=: 311.
      position of beds at =42=: 199.
      primacy of =42=: 327, 328.
      relations of, with Chickasaw =44=: 176.
      right of, to dispose of the country =42=: 309.
      selection of chief of =42=: 284 _sq._
      separation of, from Kasihta =42=: 546.
      town emblem of =42=: 243.
      union of, with Tukabahchee =42=: 68.
      war of, with Cherokee =42=: 54.

    =Coweta and Tukabahchee=, friendship between =42=: 66, 67.

    =Cowie, Isaac=, material collected by =24=: 734.

    =Cowlitz Tribe=
      basketry of =41=: 133, 142, 182, 354, 355, 356, 357.
      caps worn by =41=: 354.
      dialect of, like Upper Chehalis =41=: 383.
      membership of, in Shaker church =14=: 759.
      mention of =41=: 136.
      rims of baskets of =41=: 142.

    =Cowrie Shells=, use of =44=: 148.

    =Cowskin Creek=, treaty of =18=: 744.

    =Cowslip.= _See_ =Caltha Palustris=.

    =Cox, John T.=, commissioner to appraise neutral lands =5=: 351.

    =Cox, P. E.=
      burials found by =41=: 574.
      excavations made by =41=: 605.
      work done by =42=: 3.

    =Cox, Ross=
      on hand game, Chinook =24=: 282.
      on cremation, Tolkotin =1=: 144.

    =Cox, William=, stone graves on old place of =12=: 140.

    =Coxe, D.=, on Turtle River =14=: 1029.

    =Coxe, William=, quoted on Indian magic powder =9=: 548.

    =Coyattee=, treaty of =19=: 63 _sq._

    =Coyetie= land cessions and reservations =18=: 782.

    =Coyote=
      fetish of the Zuñi =2=: 26.
      in Pima legend =28=: 44.
      in Salish myth =14=: 205.
      myths concerning =11=: 147; =19=: 467, 468.
      Serian, Piman, and Yuman names for =17=: 342* _sq._
      stories about the =43=: 383-387.
      the culture hero =45=: 176, 290.
      the culture hero, basketry taught by =41=: 223.
      _See also_ =Isauu=.

    =Coyote=, _among the Pima_.
      disease caused by =26=: 263.
      in mythology =26=: 209, 210, 213, 214, 216 _sqq._, 226, 230-237,
        240, 248, 249, 386 _sq._
      in religion =26=: 251, 252.
      in song =26=: 288, 304, 305, 312, 316 _sq._, 336.
      in tales =26=: 243-246, 249, 250.
      _See also_ =White People=.

    =Coyote and Chickens=, a Papago game =24=: 794.

    =Coyote Clan.= _See_ =Hopinyû=; =Isauû Clan=.

    =Coyote Kiva=, direction of the =8=: 116.

    =Coyote Men=, duties of the =14=: 985.

    =Coyote, Old=, story about =43=: 363 _sqq._, 377-381.

    =Coyote People=, settlement in Tusayan of the =8=: 26.

    =Coyote Spring=, location of =21=: 84.

    "=Coyote Track=” design in Pima basketry =26=: 137.

    =Coyote Woman, Old=, story about =43=: 377-381.

    =Coyotero Apache=
      disposal of land claimed by the =18=: 922.
      inhumation of the =1=: 111, 112.
      population of the =7=: 56.
      Tewa names for the =29=: 547.
      _See also_ =Apache=.

    =Coytmore=, _Lieutenant_ ----, murder of =19=: 42 _sq._

    =Cozad, Belo=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Cozcaquauhtli= day symbol, discussion of =16=: 252.

    =Cozzens=, ----, work by, cited =28=: 62, 66.

    =Cpatimiti=, assistant war chief =47=: 45.

    =Cqaquê´.= _See_ =Skagway=.

    =Crab=
      name of Tlingit gaming stick =36=: 444.
      place of, in Seri dietary =17=: 195*.
      representation of, Florida pottery =20=: 127.
      search for =38=: § 220,
      search for, according to position of Pleiades =38=: § 937.
      string figure of =38=: § 642.
      _See also_ =Crabs=.

    =Crab Baskets=, character of =30=: 316 _sq._

    =Crab-dog= =38=: § 717.

    =Crab Orchard, Ky.=
      route to =42=: 793, 796.
      skirmish at, in 1794 =19=: 74, 78.
      western terminus of the Wilderness Road =42=: 800.

    =Crabapples=
      and water, price of =35=: 762.
      brittle =35=: 594.
      feast of =35=: 762.
      in oil =35=: 594.
      mashed, mixed with salal-berry cakes =35=: 594.
      mashed, steamed =35=: 594.
      mention of =33=: 86.
      picking of =35=: 213.
      preserved in water =35=: 286.
      wild, medicinal use of =42=: 659.

    =Crabs=
      as weather charms =35=: 620, 625, 628.
      capture of =30=: 316.
      dogs named for =30=: 307.
      Eskimo method of catching =18=: 183.
      legends concerning =30=: 316 _sq._, 380.
      _See also_ =Crab=.

    =Cracca Virginiana=, medicinal use of =42=: 658.

    =Cradle Board=
      description of =27=: 327.
      Isleta =47=: 218.
      use of, by the Assiniboin =46=: 519 _sq._
      _See also_ =Baby Board=; =Baby Carriers=.

    =Cradle Songs= =42=: 362 _sq._

    =Cradles=
      deposited in caves =35=: 672, 692 _sq._
      figurine representing =20=: 40, 41.
      Fox Indian use of =40=: 319.
      mourning, illustration of =1=: 181.
      of the Kiowa =17=: 154.
      of the Kwakiutl =35=: 658-665.
      of the Mandan =15=: 241.
      of the Menomini =14=: 258.
      of the Omaha =13=: 275.
      of the Seri =17=: 226*, 227*.
      textile, description of =13=: 18.

    =Craft=, _Father_ --
      at battle of Wounded Knee =14=: 872.
      regard of Indians for =14=: 874.
      wounded at Wounded Knee =14=: 878.

    =Crafts=, restrictions on =30=: 292, 302 _sqq._

    =Crafty=, sign for =1=: 303.

    =Craig, J.=, survey by =18=: 727.

    =Crall, I. S.=, works on land of, Pennsylvania =12=: 494.

    =Cram, T. J.=, on influence of wild rice on geographic nomenclature
      =19=: 1120.

    =Cramped Hand=
      cited on beliefs =11=: 366.
      exhibition of shamanism by =11=: 417.

    =Cramps=, how treated by the Zuñi =30=: 63.

    =Cranberry=
      chemical composition of =19=: 1081.
      use of =44=: 291, 307, 321.

    =Cranberry Bush=, use of =45=: 487.

    =Crandall, C. S.=, on introduction of wild rice into Colorado =19=:
      1029.

    =Crane=
      figure carried at Makauri dance =38=: § 842, 843.
      in Tlingit mythology =26=: 434.
      legends concerning =30=: 135, 335 _sq._, 338.
      myths concerning =19=: 290 _sq._, 325, 445, 455.
      _See also_ =Cranes=.

    =Crane Clan=
      with the Patuñ clan =19=: 595.
      _See also_ =Atoko Clan=.

    =Crane Dance=, mention of =42=: 523, 534.

    =Cranes=
      circling of, in Eskimo legend =18=: 480.
      in the Pueblo region =14=: 521.
      story about =43=: 359 _sqq._

    =Crania=
      _americana_ (Morton) =46=: 231.
      Blackfoot, work done on =44=: 5.
      Eskimo, paper on =44=: 5.
      from Chaco Canyon =44=: 10.
      from Elden Pueblo =44=: 18.
      found in caves of Cuba =34=: 247 _sq._
      human, from Pueblo ruins, collection of =22, i=: 34, 110, 134.
      Siksika =44=: 5.
      _See also_ =Skulls=; =Trephining=.

    =Cranial Capacity=
      of Western Eskimo =46=: 255, 258.
      of Yukon Eskimo =46=: 163.
      of Yukon Indians =46=: 152, 153, 154.

    =Cranial Index=
      in children, Eskimo =46=: 298.
      module, Western Eskimo =46=: 255, 256, 258.

    =Crank, James A.=, on Apache Canyon =29=: 480.

    =Crantz, David=
      cited =6=: 412, 586, 590; =46=: 330, 333, 367.
      on condition of Greenland widows =9=: 414.
      on Eskimo bows =9=: 199.
      on Eskimo burial =9=: 426, 427.
      on Eskimo harpoons =9=: 222, 243.
      on Eskimo saws =9=: 174.
      on Eskimo umiaks =9=: 337, 338.
      on Eskimo fishing =9=: 284.
      on fire-making by Eskimo =9=: 290.
      on mode of carrying Eskimo infants =9=: 416.
      on scratching among Eskimo =9=: 491.
      on seal catching by Greenlanders =9=: 256.
      on whale catching by Greenlanders =9=: 275, 276.
      quoted on Eskimo amulets =9=: 437-440.
      work of, consulted =9=: 21.

    =Crataegus=, use of =44=: 289, 307, 321, 356, 377.

    =Crataegus Chrysocarpa= =33=: 87.

    =Crataegus Columbiana= =45=: 487, 497.

    =Crataegus Douglasii= =45=: 457, 486.

    =Craven=, _Governor_ --, defeat of Yamassee by =19=: 33.

    =Craveri=, --, on Mexican stone chipping =13=: 139.

    =Crawfish=
      a life symbol =36=: 116.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 239, 308, 425.

    =Crawfish Gens= =36=: 116.

    =Crawford=, --
      on East Cherokee desire for removal =19=: 165.
      on numbers of East Cherokee =19=: 168.

    =Crawford County, Wis.=, mounds in =5=: 14, 17, 18, 20

    =Crazy Bear=, _Chief_
      account of =46=: 401.
      made head chief =46=: 431.
      speech of =46=: 597 _sqq._

    =Crazy Dance=
      description of =14=: 988.
      of the Arapaho =14=: 1033.
      reference to =43=: 193.

    =Crazy Horse=
      a Dakota chief =15=: 190.
      maker of hoops for hoop and pole, Oglala Dakota =24=: 507.

    =Crazy Horses=, a Kiowa military order =17=: 230.

    =Crazy Men=, an Arapaho order =14=: 988.

    =Crazy Snake=, headquarters of =42=: 251.

    =Creasers= for boot soles used by Eskimo =18=: 108.

    =Creation=
      myths =11=: 32, 338, 438, 506, 513, 519.
      of man, plants and animals =30=: 141-148.
      signification of, in development of religion =21=: 138.
      song of =33=: 296, 313, 317, 625, 627, 629, 634.
      story of =33=: 300, 302.

    =Creation Legends=
      of the Antilleans =25=: 72 _sqq._
      of the Pima =28=: 44, 49, 61.

    =Creation Lodge=, meaning of =37=: 481.

    =Creation Myths=
      analysis of =32=: 54.
      in Pebble Society ritual =27=: 570 _sq._
      mention of =42=: 487 _sq._
      of the Eskimo =18=: 425 _sqq._, 452-462, 482, 483.
      of the Osage =27=: 63.
      of the Zuñi =13=: LIX, 321-447.
      Pima, abstract =26=: 247 _sq._
      Pima, text =26=: 206-230.
      Pima, version by young native =26=: 237 _sq._
      rites connected with =27=: 177 _sq._, 195.
      reference to =27=: 171 _sq._
      study of =18=: XLIV.
      teachings of =32=: 62.

    =Creation Songs= of the Pima =26=: 272 _sq._

    =Creative Corporations=, purposes of =20=: LXXIII.

    =Creator=
      Assiniboin conception of =46=: 486.
      beliefs concerning =45=: 289.
      _See also_ =God=.

    =Credentials=, exchange of =38=: § 815.

    =Credit= among the Indians =46=: 459.

    =Credit and Trust= =38=: § 820.

    =Cree=
      absence of Ghost dance among the =14=: 817.
      culture hero of the =40=: 375.
      exploit marks of the =10=: 440.
      Flathead name for =45=: 302.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 68 _sq._
        double ball 648, 652 _sq._
        European games 791.
        hand game 270, 273, 316.
        hidden ball 342.
        racket 573.
        ring and pin 528, 535 _sq._
        snow-snake 403 _sq._
        stick games 230.
        tops 734.
      jugglery among the =14=: 141 _sqq._
      name of, in sign language =45=: 147.
      name of the Cheyenne =14=: 1023.
      northern relatives of the =11=: 267.
      notice of death given by the =10=: 518.
      population of the =7=: 49.
      relations of, with the Saulteaux =19=: 1040.
      Tenskwatawa religion among the =14=: 679.
      tribal sign for the =1=: 466.

    =Cree Language=
      cluster _st_ in =28=: 234.
      conjunctive mode in =28=: 272.
      consonantic clusters in =28=: 231, 283.
      description of =28=: 238-247.
      examples from Horden =28=: 248.
      examples in comparison with =28=:
        Abnaki 279, 283, 284.
        Algonkin 250, 251, 252, 260, 261, 262, 265, 267, 272.
        Cheyenne 233, 286.
        Delaware 250, 251, 256, 259, 260 _sq._, 265, 267, 269, 273, 274,
          275, 278, 279, 284, 286.
        Eastern Algonquian 257, 269.
        Fox 235, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 256, 258, 259, 260 _sq._,
          265, 267, 269, 273, 274, 275, 278, 279, 284, 286.
        Kickapoo 248, 259, 267.
        Malecite 274, 279, 284.
        Menomini 249, 250, 251, 252, 259, 261, 262, 267, 271, 273, 279,
          283, 284, 288.
        Micmac 256, 272, 284, 288.
        Minsi 274.
        Montagnais 247, 248, 259, 261, 267, 272, 278, 279, 286.
        Natick 250, 251, 265, 273, 274, 275, 279, 281, 284, 286.
        Ojibwa 249, 250, 251, 252, 256, 257, 258, 261, 262, 263, 265,
          267, 268, 269, 271, 272, 274, 275, 278, 279, 283, 284, 286.
        Ottawa 248, 250, 251, 261, 262, 267.
        Passamaquoddy 267, 283, 284, 286.
        Penobscot 267, 269, 283, 284.
        Peoria 250, 251, 252, 256, 261, 262, 265, 267, 269, 272, 274,
          275, 278, 279, 283, 284, 288.
        Potawatomi 262.
        Sauk 248, 259, 267, 271, 288.
        Scaticook 279.
        Shawnee 251, 252, 256, 257, 258, 261, 262, 265, 267, 268, 269,
          271, 272, 274, 278, 279, 283, 284, 286.
        Stockbridge 284, 290.
      independent mode in =28=: 247, 248, 258, 268.
      indicative mode in =28=: 273.
      relationship of =28=: 232.
      subjunctive mode in =28=: 247, 248, 260, 265, 269, 271.
      _See also_ =Cree-Montagnais=; =East Main Cree=; =Fort Totten
        Cree=; =Moose Cree=; =Rupert’s House Cree=.

    =Cree-Montagnais= Language
      examples in comparison with =28=:
        Algonkin 259.
        Delaware 273, 277, 280.
        Eastern Algonquian 286, 287, 288.
        Kickapoo 259.
        Menomini 259, 273, 277, 278.
        Micmac 273.
        Natick 259, 280.
        Ojibwa 259, 260, 273, 277, 280, 287.
        Ottawa 259.
        Passamaquoddy 277.
        Peoria 259.
        Potawatomi 259.
        Sauk 259.
        Shawnee 259, 287.
      independent mode in =28=: 259.
      relationships of =28=: 244, 250, 252, 288, 289, 290a.
      suppositive mode in =28=: 273.
      _See also_ =Cree=; =Montagnais=.

    =Creek-American War of 1813=, towns refusing aid in =42=: 323.

    =Creek and Cherokee Boundary=, disputes =5=: 266.

    =Creek and Seminole=
      “Hallelujah” of the =1=: 195.
      inhumation of the =1=: 95, 96.

    =Creek, Choctaw and Cherokee=, box burial of the =1=: 155.

    =Creek Confederacy=
      bulletin on history of =42=: 31.
      divisions of =42=: 315.
      effect of, on bulk of people =42=: 321.
      effect on, of Civil War =42=: 330, 331.
      evolution of =42=: 259-275.
      general council of =42=: 310-320.
      increase in power of =42=: 323 _sq._
      protection given by, to component tribes =42=: 46.
      time of foundation of =42=: 310.

    =Creek Confederation=, paper on =44=: 173.

    =Creek Culture=, intrusive character of =42=: 718, 726.

    =Creek Culture Area=, features of =42=: 715 _sq._

    =Creek Indians=
      alliance of, with Apalachicola =42=: 39.
      bulletin on =41=: 7, 31.
      ceremonial ground of =42=: 687.
      condition of, in 1845 =42=: 332 _sq._
      connection of, with Florida pottery =20=: 115.
      connection of, with Gulf Coatpottery =20=: 105.
      connection of, with South Appalachian pottery =20=: 131 _sq._,
        139, 142, 143.
      customs of =42=: 702, 703, 707.
      customs of, in general =42=: 358-470.
      customs of, summary of =42=: 713-717.
      divisions of =42=: 68.
      dwellings of =42=: 687, 688.
      extreme cruelty of =42=: 418.
      facial painting among =42=: 686.
      feather cloaks worn by =42=: 682.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 560 _sq._, 633-636, 639, 658,
        660 _sqq._, 670, 678, 688, 702, 708, 714, 720, 734, 746 _sqq._,
        778, 816, 840, 862, 918, 930.
      leggings worn by =42=: 682.
      location of =42=: 51.
      marriage customs of, affected by clans =42=: 166 _sq._
      meeting of, with the whites =42=: 75 _sqq._
      memoir on, by Dr. J. R. Swanton =36=: 13.
      occupation of South Appalachian province by =20=: 130.
      origin of the name =42=: 48.
      papers on =40=: 17; =42=: 17.
      power of Shawano prophet among =14=: 676.
      predecessors of =42=: 51.
      preparation of paper on =42=: 6 _sq._
      property, customs concerning =42=: 334-338.
      proportion of warriors to population =14=: 33.
      prostitution among =42=: 697.
      puberty customs of =42=: 698.
      publications on the subject of =45=: 1 _sq._
      rank of tribes of =42=: 50.
      social divisions among =42=: 695.
      Tecumtha among =14=: 687.
      town arrangement of =41=: 501.
      town square of =41=: 511-514.
      Upper and Lower, traditional meeting of =42=: 68.
      war, customs concerning =42=: 405-443.
      war of =14=: 677.
      war of, with the Chickasaw =42=: 51.
      war of, with the Seminole =42=: 51.
      widows, customs concerning =42=: 334-337.
      writers on =42=: 679.
      _See also_ =Creeks=.

    =Creek Language=, study of =13=: XL.

    =Creek Path=
      Cherokee attack on settlement on =19=: 383 _sq._
      withdrawal of Creeks to neighborhood of =19=: 383.

    =Creek War=
      beginning of =19=: 87 _sqq._
      Cherokee loss by =19=: 97, 98.
      Cherokee part in =19=: 89, 97, 164.
      Cherokee remembrance of =19=: 232.
      pensions to Cherokee veterans of =19=: 123.

    =Creeks=
      among the Cherokee =19=: 142 _sq._
      amounts of wild rice harvested by =19=: 1076.
      attitude of, during Civil War =19=: 148, 149.
      attitude of, during the Revolution =19=: 55, 59 _sq._, 62-66, 70,
        72, 73, 74, 77.
      attitude of, in 1794, 1795 =19=: 78, 80.
      blood of, among the Cherokee =19=: 234.
      boundary between Cherokee and =19=: 62.
      cane-splint fire among =19=: 429-439.
      Cherokee relations with =19=: 14, 15, 22, 33, 38, 62, 89, 142,
        372, 382-385.
      chiefs of =19=: 209 _sq._, 216 _sq._
      Choctaw relations with =19=: 390.
      conjuring by =19=: 502.
      friendly, part taken by, in Creek War =19=: 90-95.
      genesis legend of =19=: 229.
      hoop and pole game of the =24=: 422, 487.
      in Texas, union of, with Cherokee =19=: 143.
      massacre at Fort Mims by =19=: 216.
      myths of =19=: 430 _sqq._, 434, 436, 447, 450, 452-455, 463, 467,
        473, 476.
      mythology of the =24=: 606.
      Natchez among =19=: 386.
      paper on, by J. R. Swanton =47=: 2.
      peace town of =19=: 207 _sq._
      peace treaties with, in 1796 =19=: 67 _sq._, 81.
      population and habitat of the =7=: 95.
      probable origin of Cherokee myths among =19=: 235.
      removal of, to the west =19=: 141.
      sacred medicine of =17=: 242.
      sacred square of =19=: 502.
      sketch of =19=: 498.
      songs of =19=: 504.
      standard of life of =19=: 1079.
      Taskigi among =19=: 388 _sq._
      treaty signed by, in 1835 =17=: 169 _sq._
      treaty with Virginia and North Carolina by =19=: 63.
      _See also_ =Creek Indians=; =Muskogee=.

    =Creeks and Rivers=, named from wild rice =19=: 1118-1124

    =Creel=
      cage basket for fish =38=: § 204-206.
      manufacture and patterns of =38=: § 421.
      string figures of =38=: § 673, 674, 677.

    =Creepers=, ice, used by the Eskimo =18=: 215 _sq._

    =Cremation=
      among Bonaks =1=: 144.
      among Cocopa and Yuma =41=: 61, 88.
      among Eskimo =9=: 426.
      among Indians of Clear Lake =1=: 147.
      among Indians of southern Utah =1=: 149.
      among Maricopa =26=: 45, 202.
      among mound builders =12=: 609, 675, 676.
      among Nishinams =1=: 144.
      among Pima =26=: 46, 52, 53, 194, 202.
      among Pueblo Indians =14=: 518.
      among Pueblo Viejo inhabitants =19=: XV.
      among Se-nél =1=: 147, 148.
      among Tlingit =26=: 430.
      among Tolkotins =1=: 144, 146.
      among Yuman and Piman tribes =13=: 366.
      antiquity of =1=: 143.
      formerly practiced by the Zuñi =13=: 336.
      furnace =1=: 149.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 229.
      mound, Florida =1=: 148, 149.
      not practiced at Sikyatki =17=: 649.
      object of =30=: 160.
      partial =1=: 150, 151.
      practiced by Pueblo Indians of Pueblo Viejo =22, i=: 175 _sq._
      practiced by the Shawano =14=: 674.
      prevalence of =26=: 25 _sq._
      prevalence of, in olden times =31=: 564.
    _See also_ =Mortuary Customs=.

    =Cremony=, _Col._ =John C.=
      on Apache chungke stone =13=: 99.
      on hoop and pole, Mescalero Apache =24=: 449 _sq._
      on lawlessness in Tucson =26=: 58.
      on running races, Mescalero Apache =24=: 803 _sq._
      on Yuma-Pima battle =26=: 47.

    =Creoles=, raquette formerly played by =24=: 605.

    =Creosote Bush=
      gum from =26=: 106, 131, 172.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 206, 207, 247.
      Pima medicinal plant =26=: 79.

    =Crépy=, ----
      on Patoqua =29=: 398.
      on San Cristóbal =29=: 486.
      on San Juan =29=: 213.
      on San Marcos =29=: 551.
      on Santa Clara =29=: 242.

    =Crescent, Mo.=, flint-capped area near =44=: 533 _sq._

    =Crescent=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 75, 78, 80, 82,
        98, 99.
      -shaped figures, on articles from ruined pueblos, forms and
        variations =22, i=: 89 _sq._
      -shaped vessel, Middle Mississippi group =20=: 94.

    =Crescentic Implements.= _See_ =Knives=.

    =Cresollius=
        procedure of gestures =1=: 282.
    value of gestures =1=: 280.

    =Crespi=, _Father_ =Juan=
      Burton Mound village described by =42=: 8.
      extract from diary of =44=: 36-41.

    =Cresson, H. T.=
      remains of fish-weirs found by =13=: 15.
      review of work of =16=: XXVI.
      work of =15=: LXXVIII.

    =Crest Box= =35=: 1354.

    =Crests=
      distribution of =31=: 521.
      of the Tsimshian =31=: 503-506.

    =Crests, Tlingit=
      connection with phratry relationship =26=: 423.
      descriptive list of =26=: 415-420.
      in potlatch dances =26=: 435 _sq._
      source of names of =26=: 421, 422.
      transposition of phratries shown by =26=: 423.
      used to restore order =26=: 449.
      _See also_ names of several crests.

    =Crévaux, J.=
      cited =30=: 118, 140, 149, 155, 157, 160, 163, 237, 242, 243, 254,
        267, 274, 278, 290, 294, 297, 298, 301, 304, 308, 309, 310, 311,
        313, 314, 315, 322, 328, 332, 339, 340, 346, 347, 350, 352, 353,
        363, 366, 381.
      on medicine-men =30=: 340.

    =Crickets=
      in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 311.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 269, 309, 401, 504.
      story about =43=: 383-387.

    =Criley, John=, petroglyphs reported by =10=: 77.

    =Crime=
      among the Menomini =14=: 34.
      among the Zuñi =47=: 479.
      atonement for, at busk =42=: 595 _sq._
      beliefs concerning =46=: 479-483.
      Eskimos =46=: 94.
      how avenged by the Assiniboin =15=: 224, 225.
      in savagery =15=: CXIV.
      Indian conception of =46=: 483.
      property settlement for =47=: 479.
      punishment for =46=: 448, 452, 455; =47=: 252.
      punishment of, among the Hidatsa =15=: 242, 243.
      punishment of, among the Iowa =15=: 239.
      Wyandot laws for =1=: 66, 67.
      _See also_ =Morals=; =Retaliation=.

    =Crime and Punishment=
      among the Chickasaw =44=: 216-220.
      mention of =42=: 338-358.

    =Crimped Coil= on pottery =4=: 279, 280, 282.

    =Crippled Child=, destruction of =38=: § 729.

    =Cripples=, beliefs regarding =35=: 696.

    =Crispellae= =9=: 541.

    =Criss=, _Mrs._ ----, flint quarries on land of, Ohio =12=: 457.

    "=Croatan=” =Indians=
      mixture of Indian, negro and white blood =33=: 17.
      name repudiated by Indians =33=: 17.

    =Crochet Work= =38=: § 49, 50.

    =Crockett=, _Major_ ----, expedition of, against the Indians =42=:
      771.

    =Crockett, David=
      denounces policy toward Cherokee =5=: 288.
      opposition to removal project by =19=: 129.

    =Crocodile-like Mythical Animal=, of the Eskimo =18=: 444 _sq._

    =Croffut=, _Mrs._ =W. A.=, acknowledgment to =42=: 33.

    =Croghan, George=
      on early Dakota habitat =15=: 190.
      Osage mentioned by =15=: 192.

    =Cronau=, _Doctor_ ----
      archeological objects figured by =25=: 64, 136, 213.
      diary of Columbus republished by =25=: 203.
      on Haitian mask =25=: 210.

    =Crook=, _Gen._ =George=
      designation for =4=: 146.
      on Indian arrow chipping =13=: 140.
      on rapidity of arrow chipping =13=: 142.
      Ponka commissioner =15=: 192.
      Sioux commissioner =14=: 839.
      Sioux regard for =14=: 826.

    =Crook, W. J.=, mound on farm of, Arkansas =12=: 228.

    =Crook=, appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 60, 68,
      72, 86.

    =Crooked Island=, number of specimens from =34=: 50.

    =Crooked Mountain=
      in Pima mythology =26=: 211, 212.
      in Pima song =26=: 297, 322, 337.

    =Crooks=
      at Walpi Snake dance =19=: 982 _sq._
      in possession of Bear Clan =37=: 202, 203.
      in Tusayan ritual =17=: 703.
      on Sikyatki pottery =17=: 703 _sq._, 714, 724.

    =Crops=
      thanksgiving for =23=: 205-217.
      _See also_ =Harvest=.

    =Cross=
      figure allied to Sun symbol =17=: 623.
      ideographic =4=: 345.
      in pictography =4=: 252.
      on Sikyatki pottery =17=: 702.
      pictographs, symbols and signification of the =10=: 724-735.
      place of the, in Indian symbolism =9=: 479 _sq._
      raised by Coronado in Quivira =14=: 591.
      sign of, among Pueblo Indians =14=: 518.
      sign of, in Shaker religion =14=: 748, 761.
      symbol in the codices =16=: 232, 259.
      symbolism of the =14=: 1011.
      use of, in Indian ceremonials =7=: 155.
      veneration for, among Indians =14=: 544, 548, 555.
      _See also_ =Crosses=; =Crucifix=.

    =Cross-bars= used in fastening wooden doors =8=: 183.

    =Cross Cords=, used on kaiaks =18=: 228.

    =Cross-cousin Marriage= =40=: 376, 377.

    =Cross Design=
      associated with others =2=: 270.
      combined with spider design =2=: 288.
      engraved on shell gorgets =2=: 268.
      evolution or derivation of the =2=: 270.
      examples of the, combined with birds =2=: 282, 283.
      examples of the, from mounds =2=: 271, 273.
      in Aztec paintings =2=: 285.
      in Navaho silver ornamentation =2=: 178.
      introduction of the Christian =2=: 269.
      occurrence of the, in ancient Mexican art =2=: 270.
      occurrence of the, in Yucatan =2=: 270.
      origin of the, among mound builders =2=: 269.
      prehistoric use of the, in America =2=: 268, 270.
      symbolic character of the =2=: 269.

    =Cross, Equal-armed.= _See_ =Equal-armed Cross=.

    =Cross, Foliated=
      at Palenque (Central America), value of face numerals on =22=,
        =i=: 219.
      initial series of, inscriptions of =19=: 800.
      Tablet of the =19=: 733-761, 765-771.

    =Cross Man=, Tlingit spirit =26=: 467.

    =Cross Village Chippewa=, reservation for =18=: 810.

    =Crosse.= _See_ =Lacrosse=.

    =Crossed Quadrilateral Pattern=
      basketry pattern =38=: § 429.
      weaving =38=: § 111.

    =Crossed-stick Game= of the Navaho =24=: 92 _sq._

    =Crosses=
      appearance of, as decorations of Teakwaina yuadta =21=: 63.
      decorative use of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 65, 67, 111.
      interpretation of =41=: 316 _sq._
      symbolism of =20=: 100.
      use of, in decoration, eastern United States pottery =20=: 67.
      use of, in decoration, Gulf Coast stamped ware =20=: 108, 109.
      use of, in decoration, Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 86.
      use of, in decoration, Northwestern pottery =20=: 192.
      use of, in decoration, South Appalachian stamped ware =20=: 134,
        136 _sq._, 140.
      _See also_ =Cross=; =Crucifix=.

    =Crossjacket Village= =46=: 126.

    =Crosspieces of ladders= =8=: 159.

    =Crosswell, C.=, description of shell gorgets by =2=: 286.

    =Crotches= of harpoon in Eskimo umiak =9=: 341 _sqq._

    =Croton=, use of, in medicine =30=: 45.

    =Croton Texensis= =33=: 99.

    =Croup=, remedy for =42=: 656.

    =Crouse, C. W.=, agent for Pima =26=: 34.

    =Crow=
      derivation of taíme from =17=: 240.
      games of the =24=:
        archery 383, 391, 529.
        buzz 756.
        dice games 177 _sq._
        hand-and-foot ball 705, 707.
        hand games 317.
        hoop and pole 428 _sq._, 502.
        running races 807 _sq._
        shinny 615, 637.
        snow-snake 415.
        tops 745.
      habitat of the =7=: 114, 116.
      Kiowa acquirement of language of =17=: 156.
      Kiowa alliance with =17=: 153, 155.
      Kiowa medicine lance obtained from =17=: 325.
      Kiowa trade with =17=: 271.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 786, 848, 862, 864, 870, 874,
        876, 880, 882, 884, 898, 900, 902, 904, 906, 908, 924 _sqq._,
        942.
      mention of =4=: 103, 104, 105, 107, 114, 115, 118, 120, 121, 122,
        123, 124, 126, 127, 130, 132, 134, 135, 136, 138, 140, 141, 142,
        143, 144, 146.
      population of =7=: 118.
      separation from Hidatsa of =17=: 154, 155.
      smallpox among =17=: 275.
      treaty council with =17=: 183.
      tribal offshoots from =17=: 158.
      wars and friendships of =17=: 166.
      _See also_ =Crow Indians=.

    "=Crow, The=”
      description of =27=: 441-446.
      references to =27=: 279, 282.

    =Crow Bonnet.= _See_ =Gaá-Bohón=.

    =Crow Creek=, control of Indians at =14=: 849.

    =Crow Creek Reserve=
      changes in =18=: 878, 896, 918, 934.
      establishment of =18=: 828.

    =Crow Dance=
      description of =14=: 921; =42=: 533 _sq._; =46=: 564.
      organization of =14=: 901.

    =Crow Dog=
      flight of, to Bad Lands =14=: 884.
      Ghost dance led by =14=: 847.
      removal of, advice of =14=: 844.
      surrender of =14=: 868.

    =Crow Feathers=
      appearance of, in Hopi katcinas =21=: 69.
      importance of =42=: 436.
      Indians defrauded with =14=: 999.
      sacred regard for =14=: 1034.
      use of, as war feathers =42=: 496.
      _See also_ =Crows=.

    =Crow Foot=, killed in Sitting Bull fight =14=: 858 _sq._

    =Crow Indians=
      absence of Ghost dance among the =14=: 816.
      account of medicine-men of the =14=: 706.
      account of the =15=: 198.
      amputation practiced by the =46=: 427.
      an Hidatsa division =15=: 164.
      arrows of the =14=: 279.
      beliefs of the =11=: 436, 505, 518.
      Black Hill formerly occupied by the =15=: 190.
      changes in life of the =45=: 346.
      collections from the =13=: XXXI.
      crime among the =46=: 454.
      distinctive mark of the =4=: 231.
      dress of the =46=: 587, 588.
      Flathead name for the =45=: 302.
      hostility of the =14=: 707.
      lodge burial of the =1=: 153.
      mode of painting among the =4=: 54.
      mourning among the =1=: 183, 184.
      name of, in sign language =45=: 148.
      name of the Arapaho by the =14=: 953, 1013.
      population of the =15=: 195.
      scouts in Nez Percé war =14=: 714.
      scouts in Sioux outbreak =14=: 850, 881.
      Shoshoni country taken by =45=: 318.
      Sioux early warfare =14=: 1059.
      symbolic representation of the =14=: 789.
      treatment by the, of captives =14=: 551, 552.
      tribal designation of the =10=: 380.
      visit of, to Washington =34=: 28.
      wars of, with Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 126 _sqq._
      western movement of =45=: 316, 318.
      _See also_ =Absaroka=; =Crow=.

    =Crow-Neck.= _See_ =Gaá-k`ódălte=.

    =Crow Songs= =39=: 127 _sqq._, 182-185, 316; =45=: 621 _sqq._

    =Crow Town=, building of =19=: 54.

    =Crow Woman=, name applied to Mo´ki =14=: 1038.

    =Crownbeard=, use of, in medicine =30=: 63.

    =Crown Feather= =38=: § 519-526.

    =Crowns, Feather=
      bestowed on warriors =42=: 420.
      description of =42=: 420.
      mention of =42=: 435.

    =Crows=
      appeal to, for aid =39=: 295.
      as helper of men, Omaha, Ponca =27=: 445 _sq._
      badge =39=: 127.
      buffalo hunters guided by =39=: 183.
      carvings of =2=: 136.
      Cherokee name for =19=: 282.
      connection of, with warfare =27=: 441, 442.
      in Cherokee myth =19=: 283, 314 _sq._
      in Menomini myth =14=: 195, 233.
      in Omaha mythology =27=: 175.
      in Pima flood legend =28=: 52.
      in Pueblo region =14=: 521.
      mystic power of =39=: 296.
      name of Tlingit gaming stick =26=: 444.
      Navaho myth concerning =8=: 281.
      Omaha name for =27=: 103.
      personification of =14=: 1001, 1035, 1038, 1068.
      Ponca name for =27=: 103.
      prominent in tribal rites =39=: 182.
      reference to =27=: 204.
      reference to, in Ghost religion =14=: 978, 984, 994, 997, 1031.
      representation of, in Iroquoian pipes =20=: 174.
      sacred regard for the =14=: 919, 982, 1072.
      story about =43=: 375 _sqq._
      symbolism of the =14=: 823, 1072.
      why black, myth of =31=: 67 _sq._
      _See also_ =Crow Feathers=.

    =Crucibles= of Navaho silversmiths =2=: 173.

    =Crucifix=
      used in Shaker ceremonies =14=: 755.
      _See also_ =Cross=; =Crosses=.

    =Crucifixion Thorn= =26=: 134, 157.

    =Cruel Dancers= =35=: 1158 _sq._

    =Cruz, Bahia de la=, explored by Narvaez =14=: 346.

    =Cruzati, Don Domingo Jironza Petriz de=
      reference to =28=: 54.
      visit to Awatubi of =8=: 49.

    =Cryder, Frank=, mound on land of, Ohio =12=: 471.

    =Cryptocarya pretiosa=, for fever and dysentery =38=: § 927.

    =Cryptochiton=
      baked =35=: 508.
      preparation of =35=: 506.

    =Crystal gazing= =47=: 110, 285, 340.

    =Crystal River=, archeological sites at =48=: 3.

    =Crystals=
      extracted from sick man =30=: 379.
      quartz, use of =44=: 92 _sq._
      used as charms =30=: 290 _sq._, 332.
      _See also_ =Stones=, _Green_.

    =Cuabajai=, reference to =28=: 217.

    =Cuame Indians=, reference to =29=: 518.

    =Cuanrabi=, mentioned by Oñate =17=: 599.

    =Cuatro=, game of, Tarahumare =24=: 724 _sq._

    =Cuba=
      archeological collections from =25=: 18.
      archeological reconnaissances in =25=: XIV _sq._, XXVI.
      archeological remains of =34=: 240-256.
      field work in =21=: IX, X.
      geological change in =25=: 219.
      irrigation in =25=: 51.
      juegos de bola =25=: 79.
      natives of, described by early writers =34=: 243 _sq._
      number of specimens from =34=: 49.
      prehistoric culture of =34=: 242 _sqq._
      stages of culture in =34=: 240, 242, 247, 253 _sq._, 255.
      visit of Dr. J. W. Fewkes in =25=: 17.
      western, destitute of pottery =34=: 60.
      writers on archeology of =34=: 241, 245.

    =Cubans=
      aboriginal art of =25=: 142.
      cave dwellers =25=: 41.
      description of cacique =25=: 35.
      fishing of =25=: 49.
      houses of =25=: 46, 47.
      language of =25=: 77, 78.
      physical characteristics of =25=: 28-31.
      pictography of =25=: 148.
      primitive culture of =25=: 178 _sq._
      relationship of, with Borinqueños =25=: 26.
      skeletal remains of =25=: 29, 30.
      slavery among =25=: 25.
      use of tobacco among =25=: 64.

    =Cubarro=
      plum, eaten =38=: § 247.
      plum, for flutes =38=: § 559.

    =Cubas, Antonio G.=, on Cochiti =29=: 439.

    =Cubero, Pedro Rodriguez=, mention of =47=: 28.

    =Cuch=, meaning of =16=: 247.

    =Cuchan=
      population of the =7=: 138.
      reference to the =28=: 217.

    =Cuchpach=, meaning of =16=: 250, 261.

    =Cuchuans=
      musical instruments of =26=: 167.
      _See also_ =Yuma=.

    =Cuculcan= (_or_ =Cuculkan=). _See_ =Quetzalcoatl=.

    =Cucumbers=
      Menomini fondness for =14=: 73.
      wild, mention of =33=: 129.

    =Cucumis Melo Linn.=, Pima food plant =26=: 77.

    =Cucumis sp.= =45=: 492.

    =Cucurbita Ficifolia= =33=: 119.

    =Cucurbita Foetidissima=
      a life symbol =36=: 135.
      a Pima food plant =26=: 70, 91.

    =Cucurbita Lagenaria= =33=: 117.

    =Cucurbita Maxima=, use of =44=: 289, 307.

    =Cucurbita Moschata Duchesne=,
      Pima food plant =26=: 71.

    =Cucurbita Perennis=
      a life symbol =36=: 136.
      medicinal use of =27=: 585.
      root of, called the Man Medicine =36=: 70.

    =Cucurbitaceae=
      mention of =33=: 116.
      probable place of origin of =33=: 59.

    =Cudgel= for fish =38=: § 190.

    =Cuernavaca, Mexico=, remains at =26=: XIV.

    =Cuervo, José Tienda de=, campaign against Seri by =17=: 75.

    =Cuervo y Valdés, Francisco=, on Galisteo =29=: 482.

    =Cueva de los Golondrinos=, pottery found in =34=: 172, 261 _sq._

    =Cueva Pintada=, petroglyph at =10=: 98.

    =Cuetzpallin=
      day symbol, discussion of =16=: 226.
      meaning of =16=: 227.

    =Cuimnapum=, a Chămnä’pûm synonym =14=: 739.

    =Cuirana=, description of =15=: 268.

    =Cuirasses=, uses of =45=: 256, 359.

    =Cuitoa=, a Pima-Papago village =26=: 21.

    =Cuitz.= _See_ =Kutz=.

    =Cukuw=, mention of =44=: 35.

    =Culbertson Brothers=, outlaws, account of =14=: 889.

    =Culebra=, island of =25=: 26, 30.

    =Culee= land cessions and reservations =18=: 786.

    =Culiacan=, San Miguel de=
      arrival of Cabeza de Vaca at =14=: 474.
      Coronado entertained at =14=: 384.
      Coronado’s departure from =14=: 552.
      Coronado’s return to =14=: 538.
      description of =14=: 513.
      foundation of, by Guzman =14=: 473.
      mention of =14=: 547.

    =Culin=, _Dr._ =Stewart=
      acknowledgments to =20=: 104; =29=: 14.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      material collected by =24=: 53, 85, 92, 121, 122, 146, 158, 159,
        162, 167, 169, 171, 172, 173, 184, 190, 198, 212, 222, 223, 224,
        225, 230, 234, 239, 247, 264, 265, 266, 270, 306, 308, 311, 314,
        315, 322, 361, 373, 382, 398, 408, 418, 419, 425, 441, 477, 478,
        493, 500, 508, 510, 518, 522, 526, 530, 536, 553, 558, 561, 572,
        604, 618, 623, 633, 635, 636, 641, 642, 644, 646, 647, 652, 654,
        656, 662, 664, 668, 669, 679, 680, 704, 705, 711, 713, 714, 718,
        720, 722, 727, 729, 731, 732, 733, 743, 744, 746, 749, 750, 757,
        760, 761, 763, 771, 774, 777, 787, 795, 797, 800, 801.
      monograph on Indian games by =23=: XXV.
      obituary of =48=: 1221.
      on game of ghing-skoot =26=: 175, 176.
      on kicked stick game =29=: 530.
      reference to monograph by, on American Indian games =24=: XXI,
        XXXIX _sq._
      study of games by =15=: XXX, XXXIV, XXXVIII, XLI, XLIV, XLVIII,
        LIII, LXI, LXXXVI.
      work of =25=: XX; =26=: XXIV; =27=: 9.
      work on Handbook of the Indians by =24=: XXVI.

    =Culinary Pottery.= _See_ =Domestic Pottery=; =Pottery=.

    =Culleoka, Tenn.=, derivation of the name =42=: 851.

    =Culpeper County=, steatite quarries in =15=: 132.

    =Cult=
      definition of =11=: 361.
      societies among the Sia =11=: 69.
      _See also_ =Cults=.

    =Cult Groups=
      definition of =47=: 879.
      table showing activities of =47=: 880-885.

    =Cult of the Halves= =19=: 843-847.

    =Cult of the Quarters =19=: 845 _sq._, 948 _sqq._

    =Cult Societies=
      of the Menomini =14=: 66.
      pictographic devices of =10=: 528 _sqq._

    =Cultivation= of ground regulated by the Hañga gens =3=: 302.

    =Cults=
      a study of Siouan =11=: 361.
      a study of Siouan, discussion of =11=: XLIII.
      esoteric, of the Zuñi =47=: 511.
      _See also_ =Cult=.

    =Cultural=
      connections, Yukon Indians and Eskimo =46=: 83.
      subdivisions, study of =42=: 717, 724.
      transmissions from Asia =46=: 175.

    =Culture=
      Acoma, discussion of =47=: 140 _sq._
      four stages of =20=: XCI.
      largely dependent on environment =25=: 21.
      mention of =46=: 64, 82, 83.
      of Pueblo tribes, degree of =8=: 227.
      processes of =19=: XXI-XXV.
      psychic stage of =23=: XXII.
      Pueblo, disintegration of =47=: 56.
      represented in pottery =4=: 436.
      stages of, in aboriginal society =21=: XXI.
      value of pottery in study of =20=: 18, 19, 20.
      Western Eskimo =46=: 363.

    =Culture Areas=, discussion of =42=: 713-717.

    =Culture Centers=
      ancient, in the Southwest =28=: 157.
      of the West Indies =34=: 56, 268.

    =Culture Features= of southern New England tribes =43=: 221 _sqq._

    =Culture Groups=
      lack of correlation of stamped ware with =20=: 122.
      represented by eastern United States pottery =20=: 20 _sqq._
      represented by Ohio Valley pottery =20=: 182 _sqq._

    =Culture Hero=
      basketry taught by =41=: 223.
      brother of =40=: 376.
      myths concerning =43=: 180-189.
      of the Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 176.
      of the Tewa =29=: 164, 165 _sq._, 169.
      of the Wawenock =43=: 177.
      references to =40=: 37, 57, 364, 365, 366, 391.
      relation of, to mortals =40=: 57, 375, 473.
      _See also_ =Wī`sa`kä´ᴬ`=.

    =Culture Stages=
      indicated by Atlantic Coast pottery =20=: 33.
      indicated by Florida pottery =20=: 117, 122.
      indicated by Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 102 _sq._
      indicated by Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 82 _sq._
      indicated by Northwestern pottery =20=: 195.
      indicated by Ohio Valley pottery =20=: 186.
      of northern and southern potters =20=: 143.
      of pottery making =20=: 24.
      value of decorating motives in determining =20=: 122.
      value of pottery in determining =20=: 22.

    =Culture Status= of the Indians =15=: 166.

    =Culuacan.= _See_ =Culiacan=.

    =Culver Root=
      Cherokee lore concerning =19=: 426.
      use of =44=: 290.
      _See also_ =Leptandra Virginica=.

    =Cuma Tree=, “milk” for glazing pottery =38=: § 93.

    =Cumanche=, synonym of Comanche =14=: 1043.

    =Cumanagoto Indians=, religious beliefs of =30=: 118, 139.

    =Cumarawa=, dart poison =38=: § 120.

    =Cumberland and Great Lakes Trail= =42=: 802 _sqq._

    =Cumberland and Ohio Falls Trail= =42=: 804.

    =Cumberland Gap=
      named by Dr. Thomas Walker =42=: 761.
      route from, to Crab Orchard =42=: 796.
      route to, from Moccasin Gap =42=: 793.
      trail through =42=: 750-779.
      trail to =42=: 770, 845.

    =Cumberland River=
      ancient fortified town on =42=: 836.
      discovery of =42=: 781.
      mention of =42=: 44.
      named by Dr. Thomas Walker =42=: 761, 781.
      remains of fortress on =41=: 496.
      trails meeting at =42=: 798.

    =Cumberland Settlements=, raid on =19=: 62-65.

    =Cumberland Sound=, description of settlements of =6=: 428-440.

    =Cumberland Trace=
      remains of =42=: 834.
      route followed by =42=: 833 _sq._

    =Cumberland Valley=
      a populous Indian section =42=: 806.
      abundance of pottery in =20=: 23.
      pottery of =20=: 81, 101, 138.
      quality of pottery of =20=: 102.
      trail down =42=: 834.

    =Cumhu= symbol in the codices =16=: 228.

    =Cumming=, _Sir_ =Alexander.=
      mission of, to Cherokee =19=: 35.
      treaty concluded by =18=: 629.
      treaty with Cherokee =5=: 144, 145.

    =Cummings, David=, information obtained from =42=: 217, 524, 531,
      550.

    =Cummings, Pierce=, killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =Cuna (_Panama_)=, method of forming numbers =19=: 917.

    =Cuna=, fish poison =38=: § 209.

    =Cunama Oil 38=: § 25.

    =Cunas=, name for Tule Indians =42=: 10.

    =Cunningham, Charles W.=, petroglyphs reported by =10=: 356 _sq._

    =Cunningham, K. M.=, bowls in collection of =20=: 112 _sq._

    =Cunningham, S. P.=, aboriginal remains on farm of =44=: 527.

    =Cunningham Estate=, specimens from =34=: 164.

    =Cunningham’s Island, Lake Erie=, petroglyphs on =10=: 678.

    =Cunnington, ----=, aid rendered by =17=: 13.

    =Cuñopavi=, Snake ceremony at =16=: 273, 287 _sqq._

    =Cuoq, Père J. A.=
      definitions by, in racket, Mohawk =24=: 592 _sq._
      definitions by, in racket, Nipissing =24=: 570.
      interprets the name Hiawatha =2=: 54.
      on dice game, Nipissing =24=: 81.
      on hidden ball, Nipissing =24=: 344.
      on ring and pin, Nipissing =24=: 540.
      reference to work of =40=: 28.

    =Cup and Ball Game=
      among the Central Eskimo =24=: 546, 547, 548.
      among the Northern Indians =11=: 255, 323.
      among the Winnebago =37=: 122.
      comparison of, with ring and pin =24=: 527.

    =Cup Plant=
      mention of =33=: 132.
      use of =44=: 293.
      _See also_ =Silphium Perfoliatum=.

    =Cup Sculptures=
      classification of =10=: 189-192.
      mention of =10=: 189-200.

    =Cup-shaped Baskets=
      coils of =41=: 164.
      terms for =41=: 397.
      use of =41=: 201, 202.

    =Cupana=
      a Guiana Indian drink =38=: § 267.
      for fever and dysentery =38=: § 927.

    =Cupped Stones=, description of =13=: 91.

    =Cups=
      Apalachee-Ohio pottery =20=: 182.
      collection of Indian =3=: 545.
      Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 118, 127.
      from Kintiel, description and figure of =22=, =i=: 133.
      from Sikyatki, description of =17=: 654.
      from ruined pueblos on Little Colorado River =22=, =i=:
        cuts showing 64, 65, 66, 96.
        forms of 65 _sq._
      Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 105, 107.
      Iroquoian pottery =20=: 161.
      Kaolin, from Chaves Pass ruin, cut showing =22=, =i=: 96.
      made of ironstone concretions =44=: 93 _sq._
      mention of =4=: 349.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 87 _sqq._, 94.
      Northwestern pottery =20=: 196.
      of clay, from Walpi =2=: 382.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 101.
      of the Seri =17=: 185* _sq._
      or cup-shaped clay vessels from Zuñi =2=: 350.
      pecked in rock =16=: 138.
      scraper, for dressing skins =9=: 299 _sq._
      South Appalachian pottery =20=: 138.
      _See also_ =Dippers=; =Mugs=; =Pottery=.

    =Curare=
      a poison =38=: § 121, 122, 716.
      antidotes for =38=: § 930.
      article of trade =38=: § 825.
      nature of =30=: 285.
      preparation of =30=: 292, 303, 304, 343.

    =Cura´tca=, fires lighted by =47=: 94 _sqq._

    =Curatella Americana=
      for “puddling” fish =38=: § 207.
      leaves, use of, as sandpaper =38=: § 21.

    =Curbinata Fish=, stones from =30=: 371.

    =Cure= for all bodily injuries, Iroquois myth =2=: 73.

    =Curia.= _See_ =Fraternity=.

    =Curing=
      by exorcism =47=: 312 _sq._
      by shaman =47=: 791 _sq._
      by tricks, symbolism of =47=: 532.
      type ceremony of =47=: 339 _sq._
      _See also_ =Curing Ceremonies=; =Curing Societies=; =Medicine=;
        =Sickness=.

    =Curing and Drying=
      wild rice =19=: 1064 _sqq._
      wild rice, mechanical means employed in =19=: 1066.
      wild rice, reasons for =19=: 1064.

    =Curing ceremonies=, description of =47=: 107-111, 116-122, 531
      _sq._, 533.

    =Curing Societies=
      membership in =47=: 542.
      _See also_ =Medicine Societies=.

    =Curing Spirit= of the Tlingit =26=: 465.

    =Curious Mourning Observances= of the ancients =1=: 165, 166.

    =Curling= among the Eskimos =11=: 257.

    =Curr, E. M.=
      on Australian counting =19=: 877.
      on Australian number concepts =19=: 833 _sq._

    =Currahee Dick=, establishment of mission at instance of =19=: 108.

    =Currants=
      beliefs regarding =35=: 575.
      cakes of =35=: 275-281, 572.
      custom concerning =35=: 616.
      effect of =35=: 576.
      mashed, with salal-berries =35=: 577.
      mention of =35=: 601.
      picking of =35=: 208.
      raw =35=: 575.
      red-flowered, use of =45=: 487.
      used for food =30=: 70.

    =Currants, Black=
      belief concerning =45=: 509.
      food of bears =45=: 514, 515.
      use of =45=: 489.

    =Currants, Red=, use of =44=: 292, 307, 348, 358.

    =Currants, Wild=
      found by Coronado =14=: 510.
      use of =44=: 292, 356.

    =Currants, Wild Black= =33=: 84.

    =Currents= of Seri waters =17=: 45 _sqq._

    =Currie Brothers=, on present sale of wild rice to whites in
      Wisconsin =19=: 1105.

    =Currin, R. P.=, lease of land to =18=: 753.

    =Curry, Benjamin F.=, to appraise Cherokee improvements =5=: 283.

    =Cursing=, methods of =30=: 128, 332.

    =Curtains for Mosquitoes= =38=: § 933.

    =Curtin, Jeremiah=
      acknowledgments to =7=: 142.
      Chimarikan researches of =7=: 63.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      Costanoan researches of =7=: 70.
      field notes of, unrevised and unedited =32=: 49.
      legends and myths, analysis of =32=: 52.
      linguistic field work of =6=: XXXVII, XXXVIII.
      material collected by =36=: 30.
      Moquelumnan researches of =7=: 93.
      myths and tales, conclusions concerning =32=: 53.
      myths given by =19=: 359-364, 365-370, 473, 489.
      obituary of =48=: 1221.
      on double ball, Wintun =24=: 658.
      papers by =39=: 24; =40=: 17.
      records made by =32=: 48.
      reference to work of =32=: 51.
      Seneca material collected by =37=: 11, 27.
      work of =5=: XXXI, XXXVII; =7=: XXX; =9=: XXXVII; =10=: XVI
        _sq._, XIX; =11=: XXIX, XXXIII.
      Yuman researches of =7=: 135.

    =Curtin, William E.=, pottery, etc., from Peru presented by =8=:
      XXVI.

    =Curtis=, _Doctor_ ----, shell gorgets collected by =2=: 283.

    =Curtis, Edward S.=
      on Acoma =29=: 544.
      on Cochiti =29=: 440.
      on Isleta =29=: 529.
      on Jemez =29=: 402.
      on Laguna =29=: 540.
      on San Felipe =29=: 499.
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 305.
      on San Juan =29=: 213.
      on Sandia =29=: 526.
      on Santa Clara =29=: 242.
      on Santo Domingo =29=: 449.
      on Sia =29=: 519.
      on Taos =29=: 519.

    =Curtis, William E.=
      on Cochiti =29=: 439.
      on Jemez =29=: 403.
      on Picuris =29=: 193.
      on Pojoaque =29=: 335.
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 305.
      on Taos =29=: 183.

    =Curtis Act=, effect of =19=: 156.

    =Curtis Plantation=, mound on =44=: 407.

    =Curtiss, E.=, exploration by =1=: 115, 116.

    =Curupari.= _See_ =Jurupari=.

    =Curved Forms= =4=: 375.

    =Curved-line Ornament=
      absence of, Northern pottery =20=: 145, 151, 163, 187.
      _See also_ =Decoration=; =Scroll=.

    =Curved Sticks=, use of, by girls in hairdressing =21=: 62.

    =Curved Stones= =25=: 93, 258.

    =Curvilinear Incisions= in primitive trephining =16=: 55.

    =Cusabo=, mention of =42=: 697.

    =Cusabo Indians=, grant of land to =18=: 633.

    =Cuscuta Paradoxa= =33=: 110.

    =Cushatta=
      mention of =19=: 499.
      _See also_ =Koasati=.

    =Cush-eh-tah Clan=, separation of, from tribe =44=: 175.

    =Cushing, Frank Hamilton=
      account of the life of =21=: XXXV-XXXVIII.
      acknowledgments to =15=: 18; =17=: 20; =24=: 29.
      allusion by, to Casa Grande =13=: 297.
      archeologic researches of =21=: XIII, XVIII.
      cited on Zuñi customs =11=: 369.
      cited on Zuñi drinking tubes =9=: 494.
      cited on Zuñi Indians =9=: 452.
      cited on Zuñi water vessels =9=: 494.
      collection made by =21=: XIV.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      death of =21=: XXXV.
      description of the Zuñi by =3=: 106.
      excavation at Halona by =8=: 88, 193.
      field work of =21=: X.
      Halona identified as one of the Seven Cities of Cibola by =8=: 94.
      head of Hemenway Southwestern Expedition =28=: 119.
      identifies K’iakima as scene of death of Estevanico =8=: 86.
      illustrations from, showing Pueblo use of baskets in molding and
        modeling =20=: 69.
      implements for games, made by =24=: 222, 719, 721.
      information furnished by =24=: 169, 799.
      investigations of, in Zuñi =23=: XLV.
      Kintiel ruin discovered by =22=, =I=: 124.
      material furnished by =24=: 799.
      material identified by =24=: 427, 667.
      mention of =41=: 101.
      model of Zuñi altar by =19=: XLVIII.
      myth recorded by =47=: 547.
      obituary of =48=: 1221.
      office work of =6=: XLVI; =20=: XII _sq._, XIV.
      on Acus, Totonteac and Marata =14=: 357.
      on affinity of cliff dwellers and Pueblos =17=: 532.
      on American Indian games in general =24=: 29, 809.
      on archery, Kiowa =24=: 388.
      on arrow shaftment =24=: 228.
      on cardinal points in Zuñi ceremonies =16=: 257.
      on ceremonial fire =16=: 190.
      on ceremonial renewal of kivas =16=: 177.
      on cliff ruins =16=: 153.
      on depressed structures in Arizona =13=: 245.
      on derivation of “Zuñi” =7=: 138.
      on development of bow =17=: 201*.
      on dice games, Zuñi =24=: 47, 77, 210-217, 221 _sq._, 223.
      on divinatory origin of Indian games =24=: 34 _sq._
      on former occupancy of Kintiel =8=: 92.
      on Galisko =29=: 481.
      on hidden ball =24=: 44, 374-381.
      on Indian burials =14=: 518.
      on Indian fruit preserves =14=: 487.
      on influence of environment on art =20=: 159.
      on irrigation, Salt River Valley =29=: 114 _sq._
      on kicked-stick game =29=: 530.
      on Laguna =29=: 335.
      on manufacture of Iroquoian pottery =20=: 161, 163.
      on markings of kiva hatchway =16=: 180.
      on meaning of calumet-tomahawk =17=: 168*.
      on name “Cibola” =26=: 24.
      on origin of stamp decoration =20=: 123.
      on ornament of Iroquoian pottery =20=: 163.
      on Pojoaque =29=: 335.
      on prehistoric Cubans and Floridians =25=: 216.
      on primitive surgery =16=: 71.
      on Pueblo number figures =19=: 840.
      on quinary system =19=: 850.
      on ring and pin, Zuñi =24=: 529.
      on Sandia =29=: 526.
      on scarred skulls =16=: 65.
      on southern origin of Zuñi clans =17=: 574.
      on southwestern sun temples =13=: 305.
      on stages of technique =17=: 250*.
      on stones and crystals from Salt River Valley =26=: 111.
      on Taos =29=: 182.
      on Zuñi baptism =26=: 187.
      on Zuñi cardinal points, colors for =19=: 835.
      on Zuñi color symbolism =15=: 308.
      on Zuñi creation myths =13=: LIX, 321-447.
      on Zuñi esoteric societies =15=: 310.
      on Zuñi fetishes =3=: 591.
      on Zuñi folklore =26=: 24.
      on Zuñi games =24=: 126.
      on Zuñi Kâkâ =15=: 265.
      on Zuñi marriage customs =17=: 286*.
      on Zuñi month names =29=: 62.
      on Zuñi name for Rio Grande =28=: 101.
      on Zuñi netted shield =24=: 423.
      on Zuñi numeration =19=: 838.
      on Zuñi sacrifice of dog =15=: 303.
      on Zuñi Shalako =15=: 296.
      on Zuñi tradition concerning stone-close =8=: 192.
      on Zuñi war-gods =24=: 33, 211.
      operations of =13=: XXVI, XXIX, XXXVIII.
      opinion of, concerning distribution of Tâaaiyalana ruins =8=: 89
        _sq._
      opinion of, concerning western wall of Halona =8=: 89.
      pottery collected by, Florida Peninsula =20=: 126, 127 _sq._
      preparation of field catalogue of Zuñi collection by =3=: 517.
      preparation of memoir by =15=: XLI.
      publication of memoir of =17=: LVII.
      quarry group arranged by =15=: 150.
      references to =28=: 46, 70, 71, 112; =32=: 51.
      researches by =16=: XX, XXIV, XXVIII, XXXI, XXXVII, XXXIX, XLI,
        XLIV, XLIX, LII, LVI, LXXV; =28=: 72.
      ruins visited by =17=: 534.
      steatite quarry excavated by =15=: 107, 117, 132.
      studies of, in American Indian symbolism =20=: 100.
      study of Indian games by =23=: XXV.
      study of Pueblo pottery as illustrative of Zuñi culture gorwth
        =4=: 461, 521.
      study of religious fraternities and cults by =19=: XLVII.
      vase restored by =20=: 126.
      work of =2=: XXVI, 311; =3=: XVIII, XIX; =5=: XXV, XXIX, XXXIII,
        XXXV; =7=: XXXI; =8=: XXIV, XXV; =14=: XXVI, XLIV; =15=: XXII,
        XXIV, XXVII, XXX, XXXIV, XXXVII, XLVI, XLVIII, LIII, LVI, LXI,
        LXIV, LXVI, LXVII, LXXXVI, XCI, C; =17=: XLVI _sqq._, LV; =18=:
        XXVII, XXX _sq._, XXXIV _sqq._, XLIV; =19=: XIX; =24=: XXXIX.
      work of, in Florida archeology =20=: 115, 126, 127 _sq._
      work of, in Iroquoian archeology =20=: 159.
      work of, in mound exploration =20=: 16.
      work of, reference to =11=: XXVII.
      writings of, publication of, on Zuñi =23=: XLV.
      Zuñi fetishes =2=: 145.
      Zuñi sand painting described by =10=: 210 _sq._

    =Cushman, H. B.=, an American missionary, value of writings of =42=:
      680.

    =Cushna Tribe= =7=: 99.

    =Cusick=
      on Iroquoian =19=: 189.
      on Iroquois myths =19=: 229, 444, 469, 501.

    =Cuskahimû=, ceremonial day of Hopi festivals =21=: 20.

    =Cussetah= (=Cussetaws=; =Cussetuh=). _See_ =Kasihta=.

    =Cussetuh Tus-tun-nug-gee=, warrior of the nation =42=: 328.

    =Cussitaw King=, Kasinta chief =42=: 322.

    =Custala=, ceremonial day of Hopi festivals =21=: 20.

    =Custard Apple= =38=: § 247.

    =Custer=, _Gen._ =G. A.=
      campaign against Cheyenne by =17=: 326.
      campaigns against Indians by, in 1868 =17=: 145, 187.
      capture of Set-t’aiñte by =17=: 206.

    =Custer Massacre=
      and Wounded Knee affair compared =14=: 881.
      reference to =14=: 825, 860, 1059.

    =Custer War=
      Cheyenne in the =14=: 1025.
      Sioux compensated for losses in =14=: 891.

    =Customs in general.= _See_ =Family Organization=; =Facial
      Decoration=; =Fasting=; =Feasts=; =Menstruation=; =Puberty=;
      etc.; names of different tribes.

    =Cut-stone Utensils=, description of =15=: 105.

    =Cut-with-an-Ax=, sign for =1=: 550.

    =Cutchegun Rock=, tradition concerning =43=: 259.

    =Cutifachiqui=
      of De Soto’s chroniclers, supposed site of =12=: 317.
      visit of De Soto to =5=: 135.

    =Cutimïti=, the head war chief =47=: 45.

    =Cutlass= for fish chopping =38=: § 190.

    =Cutsahnim=, a Yä´kĭmâ synonym =14=: 737.

    =Cuttako=, a Kiowa Apache synonym =17=: 245.

    =Cuttawa=. _See_ =Kitu´hwagĭ=; =Synonymy=.

    =Cutting-board= for fish =35=: 225, 249.

    =Cutting Fingers=
      hair =38=: § 516.
      string figures =38=: § 708 _sqq._

    =Cutting of Banks= =46=: 136.

    =Cutting Tools= =46=: 144.

    =Cutz.= _See_ =Kutz=.

    =Cuya=, calabash drinking cup =38=: § 384.

    =Cuyacan, Andres de=, Indian ally of Coronado =14=: 536.

    =Cuyahoga County, Ohio=, rock carving in =4=: 21.

    =Cuyamunque=, collection from =2=: 435.

    =Cuzco=
      the center of Inca dominion =13=: 325.
      trephined crania from =16=: 14, 15.

    =Cycle, Great.= _See_ =Great Cycle=.

    =Cycle in Mayan Chronology=
      numerical value of =22, i=: 204, 234.
      symbol for, character of =22, i=: 222.
      symbol for, figures showing =22, i=: 268.

    =Cycle of Years=
      meaning of term =19=: 705.
      symbol for, discovery concerning, by Goodman =19=: 712.

    =Cycles=
      Mayan, working table of =19=: 819.
      of time among Indians =14=: 701.

    =Cyclopedia: or a New Universal Dictionary of Arts and Sciences=
      on popular synonym for wild rice =19=: 1022.
      on wild rice planted in England =19=: 1037.

    =Cyclopedia of Indian Tribes=
      mention of =16=: LI, LVI, LXIX, LXXII; =21=: XI, XXIII, XXXII.
      progress of work on =22, i=: XXXVII.
      work on =18=: XLV _sq._; =19=: XXVIII _sq._; =20=: XXIV.
      _See also_ =Synonymy=.

    =Cylinder=
      baskets and similar objects =38=: § 422, 437.
      for fish fall traps =38=: § 198.
      wooden, for music =38=: § 576.

    =Cylinders=
      found in Pueblo ruins, problematic use of =22, i=: 96 _sq._
      made of clay =34=: 235 _sq._
      made of shell =34=: 163.
      mortuary pottery, Florida Peninsula =20=: 124.

    =Cynthiana, Ky.=, trail near =42=: 792.

    =Cyperaceae= =33=: 69.

    =Cyprea Shells=
      used as beads =2=: 219.
      used as ornaments =2=: 263.

    =Cypress Swamps, Florida= =5=: 527 _sqq._

    =Cyprinodon Macularius=, Gila fish =26=: 83.

    =Cypripedium Hirsutum=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 300.
      use of =44=: 289, 342, 348.

    =Cypripedium Parvifolium= =45=: 506.

    =Cytherea Bulbosa= =45=: 506.


    =Ȼ=

    =Ȼatada Gens=
      discussion of the =3=: 236-241.
      ⊥e-da-it`ajĭ subgens =3=: 239 _sq._
      ⊥e-da-it`ajĭ subgens, birthnames =3=: 240.
      ⊥e-da-it`ajĭ subgens, sections =3=: 240.
      Turtle subgens =3=: 240 _sq._
      Turtle subgens, birthnames =3=: 240.
      Turtle subgens, customs during a fog =3=: 240.
      Turtle subgens, decoration of tents =3=: 240.
      Turtle subgens, sections =3=: 240.
      Turtle subgens, style of wearing the hair =3=: 240.
      Turtle subgens, Turtle men =3=: 240.
      Wajiñga ¢ataji subgens =3=: 238 _sq._
      Wajiñga ¢ataji subgens, birthnames =3=: 239.
      Wajiñga ¢ataji subgens, curious customs =3=: 238.
      Wajiñga ¢ataji subgens, names =3=: 239.
      Wajiñga ¢ataji subgens, sections and subsections =3=: 239.
      Wajiñga ¢ataji subgens, style of wearing the hair =3=: 238.
      Wasabe Hit`aji subgens =3=: 236 _sqq_.
      Wasabe Hit`aji subgens, birthnames =3=: 237.
      Wasabe Hit`aji subgens, mythical origin =3=: 237.
      Wasabe Hit`aji subgens, style of wearing the hair =3=: 237.
      Wasabe Hit`aji subgens, taboo =3=: 237.

    =Ȼegiha=
      divisions of the =15=: 161, 189.
      fire-making of the =13=: 279.
      history of the =15=: 191.
      migrations of the =15=: 198.

    =Ȼegiha-English Dictionary=
      manuscript of =29=: 23.
      mention of =6=: XLVIII.

    =Ȼegiha Indians=, researches concerning =11=: XXXII.

    =Ȼegiha Language=, work on the, by J. Owen Dorsey, discussion of
      =2=: XX.

    =Ȼegiha Tribes=, early migrations of =3=: 211 _sqq._


    =D=

    =Dabchick=, myths concerning =11=: 496.

    =Dablon, Claude=
      on duck in Green Bay =19=: 1099.
      on nature of Green Bay area as Indian habitat =19=: 1112.
      on wild rice eaten with grease by Maskotin =19=: 1085.

    =Dabralib=, lamina used in cotton-hammock making =38=: § 466.

    =Dabucuri Whip= =38=: § 584, 840.

    =Dachenhausen, F. W. von=
      acknowledgments to =15=: 18.
      collections of =15=: 125.

    =Daddy-long-legs Clan=
      affiliations of =42=: 122.
      native names for =42=: 116.

    =Dagger-type of Club= =38=: § 154.

    =Dagger Weed= =33=: 71.

    =Daggers=
      of bone of the Eskimo =9=: 191 _sq._
      yellow flint, from house circle =41=: 521.
      _See also_ =Knives=.

    =Dágoi=, bravery of =17=: 303.

    =Dagûl`kû Geese=, myths concerning =19=: 254 _sq._, 284, 439.

    =Dagwanoenyent=. _See_ =Whirlwind People=.

    =Dahcotah=, or Life and Legend of the Sioux around Fort Snelling,
      cited =4=: 184, 189, 195, 241.

    =Dahcotas=
      habitat of the divisions of =7=: 111.
      _See also_ =Dakota=.

    =Dahlonega=, establishment of mint at =19=: 220.

    =Dähnhardt, ----=, myth recorded by =42=: 483.

    =Daho=, delegate to Washington in 1872 =17=: 192, 252.

    =Dahpike=, description of the =11=: 503.

    =Dai-dai=, description of =30=: 171, 176.

    =Daiha Tree=, clothing made from =30=: 216.

    =Daimonism= of the Sioux Indians =11=: 433, 515.

    =Daïs= of kivas =8=: 121, 122, 123.

    =Dakamballi Seeds=, substitute for cassava =38=: § 241.

    =Dakhnias= =1=: 104.

    =Dakini Indians=, treatment of diseases by =30=: 346.

    =Dakini Tree=, spirits associated with the =30=: 228, 232.

    =Dakota=
      a synonym of the Sioux =14=: 1057.
      albino buffalo sacred among =27=: 284.
      amounts of wild rice harvested by =19=: 1076.
      and Ojibwa warfare =19=: 1038-1042.
      arrows of the =13=: 325.
      attacks on Iowa and Omaha by =27=: 86.
      beheading by the =17=: 160.
      beliefs of the =11=: 432.
      calendars of the =17=: 142.
      chronology of the =17=: 371.
      cults, description of =11=: 431.
      curing of wild rice by the =19=: 1064, 1065.
      definition of the =4=: 97.
      discovery and occupation of Black Hills by =17=: 155, 157.
      drowned in flood of Missouri River =4=: 113.
      earliest historic reference to the =19=: 1043.
      explorations in =11=: XLIII.
      games of the =24=:
        archery 394.
        hidden ball 339, 364 _sq._
        hoop and pole 412, 517.
        racket 592.
        shuffleboard 728.
        snow-snake 419.
        tops 747.
      geographic location of =14=: 826.
      hunting ground of the =27=: 89.
      Kiowa first acquaintance with the =17=: 153.
      Kiowa hostility to =17=: 156, 157, 160.
      Kiowa intercourse with =17=: 281.
      Kiowa name of the =17=: 281.
      last war of, to retain wild rice fields =19=: 1041.
      meal time of the =19=: 1087.
      myths of the =19=: 432.
      name applied by, to Americans =27=: 611.
      non-agricultural character of =14=: 838.
      notched sticks of the =4=: 81.
      organization of the =6=: 396.
      peace mission of, to Kiowa =17=: 167.
      peculiar wild rice feast of =19=: 1092.
      pictographs of =4=: 55, 60, 183.
      picture message of Fort Rice =4=: 98.
      pipe-stone quarries of =4=: 17.
      planned uprising by the =17=: 176.
      population and divisions of the =7=: 116.
      population of, consuming wild rice =19=: 1045, 1047, 1057.
      property right in wild rice =19=: 1073.
      smallpox among the =17=: 275, 311.
      societies introduced from =27=: 486.
      storing of wild rice by =19=: 1072.
      studies of the =3=: XXV.
      thrashing of wild rice by, by treading and rubbing =19=: 1069.
      time symbols of =4=: 88.
      time of year when wild rice is consumed by =19=: 1087.
      totems of the =4=: 167.
      treaty council with the =17=: 183.
      treaty of 1868 =4=: 125.
      tribal and family sense of name =7=: 112.
      tribal history, migrations and settlement of =19=: 1043-1047.
      tube for bleeding used by =13=: 127.
      tying of wild rice by =19=: 1058.
      use of flints for bleeding by =13=: 171.
      visit to Kiowa by =17=: 352.
      war with, in 1866 =17=: 183.
      war with Rees =4=: 111.
      wild rice consumed by =19=: 1083.
      wild rice gathered by =19=: 1061, 1062.
      wild rice moons of =19=: 1090.
      Winter Counts =4=: 18, 89-127, 168.
      _See also_ =Dakota Indians=; etc.; =Sioux=.

    =Dakota (_or_ Sioux) Indian=
      and Mandan hostility =15=: 196.
      ball game of the =14=: 129.
      Battiste Good’s record of =10=: 293-328.
      burial scaffolds of =10=: 518 _sq._
      ceremonial colors of =10=: 512.
      commemoration of dead by =10=: 523.
      composite forms in pictographs of =10=: 735 _sq._
      connection of, with Northwestern pottery =20=: 187.
      conventional devices of, for peace, war, chief, counsel, plenty
        of food, famine, starvation, horses, horse-stealing, kill and
        death, shot =10=: 650-661.
      description of the =15=: 215.
      devices of, for personal names =10=: 442 _sq._, 459 _sq._
      distinctive dress, ornaments and weapons of =10=: 751 _sqq._
      divisions of the =7=: 114; =15=: 160.
      drawings of =10=: 756.
      dye stuffs used by =10=: 220.
      fetishes of =10=: 501, 503.
      games of =10=: 547.
      gentile designations of =10=: 389 _sq._
      god Hoakah of =10=: 479 _sq._
      gods of =10=: 32 _sq._
      history of the =15=: 189.
      ideographic records by =10=: 585-605.
      information from, regarding Hako ceremony among the Pawnees =22,
        ii=: 13.
      monograph on language of the =14=: XL.
      mounds attributed to =14=: 38.
      mourning ceremony of =10=: 629.
      mythic records of =10=: 290-293.
      notched sticks used by, for recording time =10=: 227.
      Ojibwa name for =10=: 272.
      painted robes of =10=: 747.
      pictographs for gesture signs of =10=: 639 _sqq._
      pictographs of, connected with thunder-bird myth =10=: 486.
      pictographs of, relating to customs, hunting, war, etc. =10=:
        534-537, 539 _sq._
      poisoned arrows used by the =14=: 285.
      recent manufacture of pottery by =20=: 195.
      records in general by =10=: 576, 578-581.
      records of expeditions by =10=: 552 _sqq._
      records of notable events by =10=: 567-570.
      shamanism or medicine-making of =10=: 493 _sqq._
      significant use of color by various tribes of =10=: 633 _sq._
      social customs of the =15=: 221.
      superstitions of, regarding tattoo =10=: 395.
      system of chronology of =10=: 265.
      system of ordination of the =15=: 177.
      thunder-birds of =10=: 483 _sqq._
      topographic representation by =10=: 344 _sq._
      tribal designations of =10=: 383.
      war color of =10=: 631.
      _See also_ =Dakota=.

    =Dakota, Brulé=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 179.
        ring and pin 556.

    =Dakota, Oglala=
      games of the =24=:
        archery 383, 391 _sq._
        bull-roarer 750.
        buzz 756.
        dice games 179.
        hidden ball 364 _sq._
        hoop and pole 421, 430, 431, 433 _sqq._, 503-507.
        popgun 759.
        ring and pin 529, 556.
        shinny 637 _sq._
        sledding 716.
        snow-snake 415 _sq._
        stick games 228 _sq._
        tops 733, 745 _sq._
      mythology of the =24=: 507.

    =Dakota, Santee=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 180 _sq._
        double ball 663.
        hidden ball 365.
        racket 562, 563, 611-614.

    =Dakota, Sisseton=, dice games of the =24=: 183.

    =Dakota, Teton=
      games of the =24=:
        archery 383, 392.
        bull-roarer 750.
        buzz 757.
        dice games 181.
        hoop and pole 508.
        minor amusements 750 _sq._
        popgun 759.
        ring and pin 557.
        shinny 638 _sq._
        shuffleboard 728.
        snow-snake 416 _sqq._
        stick games 258.
        swing 731.
        tipcat 721.
        tops 746.
        unclassified 783.

    =Dakota, Wahpeton,= dice games of the =24=: 183.

    =Dakota, Yankton=
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 184.
        hand game 267, 317.
        hoop and pole 431, 508 _sqq._
        hidden ball 317 _sq._
        minor amusements 716.
        shinny 639 _sqq._
        shuffleboard 728 _sq._
        snow-snake 418 _.sq._
        tops 746.

    =Dakota, Yanktonai,= racket game of =24=: 614.

    =Dakota Calendar=
      mention of =1=: 373, 377, 382, 384.
      tribal signs for =1=: 284, 287.

    =Dakota County, Nebr.=, reference to =27=: 99, 100, 623.

    =Dakota Dialects=
      words of, found in Osage rituals =39=: 186, 187.
      _See also_ =Dakota Language=.

    =Dakota Dictionary=, necessity for revision of =34=: 21.

    =Dakota Language=
      discussion of work on, by S. R. Riggs =2=: XXI.
      grammar of the =26=: XVIII, XXI.
      translation made from Teton dialect of =10=: XIX.
      work on =10=: XIX; =11=: XXXI.

    =Dakota Tribe=, data on scalp and war dances of =40=: 548.

    =Dakotan District=
      archeology of the =12=: 530-540.
      bowlder mosaics of =12=: 531, 534.
      burial mounds of =12=: 538.
      connected mounds of =12=: 536.
      effigy mounds of =12=: 530, 533.
      elongate mounds of =12=: 533, 535.
      limits and characteristics of =12=: 530.
      rows of conical mounds in =12=: 537.

    =Dăkwă´=, myths concerning =19=: 307, 320 _sq._, 469.

    =Dale, L.,= on use of perforated stones =13=: 98.

    =Dale, _Sir_ Thomas,= loan of corn to Indians by =18=: 564.

    =Dalgarno, George=
      gestures real writing =1=: 355.
      works of =1=: 284, 287.

    =Dalibanna=, _Geonoma baculifera_, thatch =38=: § 299, 321.

    =Dall, _Dr._ William H.=
      acknowledgments to =9=: 20.
      cited =12=: 522, 565, 620, 724, 727; =46=: 89, 124, 127, 128, 130,
        132, 133, 150, 151, 152, 162, 165, 181, 216, 218, 219, 221, 232,
        233, 234, 254, 255, 329, 330, 333, 336, 368.
      collection of labrets by =3=: 91.
      collection of masks by =3=: 128, 142.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      description of Eskimo houses by =9=: 76, 78.
      Eskimo researches of =7=: 73.
      ethnological specimens collected by =18=: 46, 47, 73, 75, 83, 88,
        108, 121, 147, 148, 155, 158, 182, 211, 226, 278.
      exploration in Alaska of =46=: 29.
      exploration in Aleutian Islands of =46=: 32.
      linguistic literature of =7=: 21, 22, 24.
      material collected by =24=: 740, 793.
      obituary of =48=: 1221.
      on Asiatic Eskimo =7=: 74.
      on burial boxes =1=: 156.
      on cave burial =1=: 129.
      on colors used in Alaska =4=: 51.
      on customs of Eskimo whale fishing =9=: 274.
      on Eskimo clothing =9=: 125.
      on Eskimo dance =9=: 376.
      on Eskimo fire-making =9=: 290.
      on Eskimo fishing =9=: 286.
      on Eskimo habitat =7=: 53.
      on Eskimo labrets =9=: 143, 144, 145, 146, 148, 495.
      on Eskimo masks =9=: 370.
      on Eskimo mortuary customs =9=: 424, 425, 427.
      on Eskimo music =9=: 389.
      on Eskimo personal habits =9=: 421.
      on Eskimo seal nets =9=: 252.
      on Eskimo sledges =9=: 357.
      on Eskimo snowshoes =9=: 352.
      on Eskimo umiak =9=: 344.
      on masks and labrets =3=: 70-201.
      on mound-builders =12=: 600.
      on mummies =1=: 134.
      on population of Alaskan Eskimo =7=: 75.
      on the conch shell (Pyrula) =2=: 143.
      on use of pins =2=: 217.
      painted burials described by =46=: 64.
      shells identified by =2=: 190.
      work of =26=: XXIV.
      works consulted =9=: 21.

    =Dalles= of Columbia River, Oregon, petroglyphs in the =4=: 25.

    =Dalles Indian=
      a Wasco synonym =14=: 741.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 158.
        hand game 307.

    =Dalottiwa=, reference to =40=: 295.

    =Dalrymple, _Doctor_ --=, modern Pamunkey pottery collected by
      =20=: 152.

    =Dalton, _Captain_ --=, on Menomini warriors in the Revolution
      =14=: 18.

    =Damara=, burial of the =1=: 126.

    =Dampier, W.=, description of labrets by =3=: 83.

    =Dams= for trapping fish =38=: § 202.

    =Dan Valley=, character of ware of =20=: 149.

    =Dana, ----=, on the divisions of the Sacramento tribes =7=: 99.

    =Dana, A. L.=, vessel collected by =20=: 166.

    =Dance, C. D.=
      cited =30=: 132, 135, 145, 155, 177, 178, 181, 187, 193, 197,
        229, 230, 232, 233, 236, 251, 260, 261, 262, 268, 274, 277,
        280, 282, 289, 290, 322, 324, 328, 329, 331, 338, 340, 341,
        343, 345, 346, 354, 356, 357, 358, 359.
      on child spirits =30=: 324 _sq._

    =Dance=
      Ākita =42=: 524, 528.
      Alaskan =3=: 123, 139.
      Alligator =42=: 524, 530.
      Bear =42=: 523, 524, 527.
      Beaver =42=: 523, 534.
      Bed =42=: 524, 529.
      Begging =3=: 355; =35=: 856.
      Berry, of Northern Indians =14=: 728.
      Bird =35=: 876, 877.
      Bimitti =38=: § 587.
      Bison =42=: 523, 524, 527, 573.
      Blackbird =42=: 524, 529.
      Bone =42=: 524, 531.
      Buffalo =3=: 347.
      Buffalo head-dress =3=: 352.
      Buzzard =42=: 523, 534.
      Calumet =3=: 276-282.
      Catfish =42=: 523, 534.
      ceremonial =11=: XXVIII, 378, 393, 440, 450, 463, 503, 513, 526.
      ceremonial Hako, before departure =22, ii=: 184.
      ceremony in kiva consecration =8=: 130.
      Chicken =42=: 523, 524, 530, 531.
      chief fool =35=: 966.
      chieftainess =35=: 1148.
      characters of =19=: LXXVII _sq._
      Chigoe =42=: 534.
      Corn =42=: 534.
      Cow =42=: 534.
      Crane =42=: 523, 534.
      Crow =42=: 533 _sq._
      double-headed =42=: 524, 532.
      double-headed serpent =35=: 959, 1085.
      Dog =35=: 895.
      dress =3=: 344, 348.
      drink, debauchery =38=: § 583.
      Duck =42=: 523, 524, 529, 530.
      Dumpling =42=: 567, 606, 610.
      Eagle =35=: 1004.
      false-face =3=: 145.
      Feather =42=: 586, 607, 609.
      Fire =35=: 738, 739.
      Fish =42=: 524.
      fool =35=: 1374.
      for the dead =1=: 192.
      Fox =42=: 523, 524, 528.
      friend’s =42=: 524, 533.
      friendship, introduced by Pa´thĕskĕ =14=: 700.
      Frog =35=: 928, 935, 959.
      Garfish =42=: 523, 531 _sq._
      Ghost =3=: 353.
      Great Bear =35=: 1086.
      Great, from above =35=: 1085.
      Great Fool =35=: 1086.
      Green Corn =42=: 554.
      Grizzly Bear =3=: 349.
      Hair =42=: 534.
      Hako =22, ii=: 253, 360.
      Hako, of thanks, diagram and positions in =22, ii=: 248.
      Hako, performance of =22, ii=: 247-256, 360.
      Hako, selection of dancers for =22, ii=: 58.
      Hauyari =38=: § 847.
      healing =35=: 876, 877, 1148.
      Heȼucka =3=: 330.
      Hede-watci =3=: 297.
      Hekana =3=: 353.
      Heniha =42=: 603.
      Hewatci =3=: 331.
      Horned-owl =42=: 523, 524, 525 _sq._
      Horse =3=: 348; 42: 523, 524, 530.
      Hōx̣ᵘhokᵘ =35=: 1374.
      implements =3=: 582.
      in the ceremony of Hasjelti Dailjis =8=: 273 _sqq._
      inclosure of the Dreamers =14=: 158, 159.
      influence of, on development of music and drama =19=: LXXI, LXXX.
      Iroquois =3=: 145.
      Kinia =42=: 524, 528.
      Land-otter =35=: 1034.
      Little Screech-owl =42=: 549.
      Long =42=: 566, 610.
      Makah Dukwalli =3=: 108.
      Make-no-fight =3=: 352.
      Makuari =38=: § 842, 843.
      Mandan =3=: 332, 354.
      mortuary, of Northwestern Indians =14=: 728.
      Mosquito =35=: 1034; =42=: 523, 534.
      Mouse =35=: 1018.
      myths concerning =19=: 254, 274, 279.
      Nōłem =35=: 834.
      Nōnlem =35=: 1034-1037.
      of Arapaho warrior order =14=: 987.
      of attendants of chief =35=: 767, 773.
      of chief’s daughter =35=: 754, 759, 766, 767, 772, 979, 995, 998.
      of chief’s relatives =35=: 759 _sq._
      of Itci yohola =42=: 566, 567.
      of Saint John, account of =14=: 935.
      of princess =35=: 1026, 1049 _sq._
      of the Dervishes =14=: 950.
      of the spirits =42=: 629.
      of women =35=: 723.
      Okadjibandja =42=: 524, 533.
      Old =42=: 602, 606, 610.
      Old Men’s =42=: 523, 524, 534, 556.
      ornaments =3=: 344.
      Padañka =3=: 353.
      painting for =3=: 348, 350.
      Parishara =38=: § 586-590.
      Parroquet =42=: 524.
      pictographs =4=: 194-197.
      potlatch =35=: 898.
      Pumpkin =42=: 524, 529.
      Quail =42=: 523, 524, 532.
      Rabbit =42=: 524, 533.
      Raven =35=: 1374.
      Salmon =14=: 728; =35=: 895.
      Scalp =3=: 330; =19=: 496; =42=: 524, 529.
      scattering =35=: 1035.
      Screech-owl =42=: 523, 524, 530.
      shaman =35=: 1004, 1005, 1018, 1019.
      Sheep =42=: 523, 534.
      Skunk =42=: 523, 524, 528, 529.
      Small Frog =42=: 523, 534.
      Snake =42=: 523, 524, 525.
      Snow =42=: 523, 529.
      societies of the Omaha =3=: 342, 355.
      speaker =35=: 898.
      Sun =3=: 272, 355.
      Tadpole =42=: 603.
      tamer =35=: 738, 739.
      Tcitahaia =42=: 604, 605.
      T’égaxe-watci =3=: 352.
      Terrapin =42=: 524, 532, 533.
      Thrower =35=: 965, 1035.
      Tick =42=: 524, 533.
      Tree-Frog =42=: 524, 531.
      Turkey =42=: 577, 603, 610.
      visiting =19=: 493.
      Visitors’, of relating exploits =3=: 352.
      Wacicka =3=: 342.
      war =42=: 524, 529.
      war, of the Winnebago =14=: 25.
      Wasp =35=: 1158 _sq._
      wheel of the Apache =14=: 704.
      Witcita =3=: 349.
      Wolf =3=: 348; =42=: 524, 556.
      women’s =42=: 559 _sq._, 560, 561, 571, 574, 578, 581, 597 _sq._,
        604, 609, 671.
      _See also_ =Buffalo Dance=; =Cannibal=; =Crazy Dance=; =Crow
        Dance=; =Dances=; =Fire=; =Ghost Dance=; =Grizzly Bear=;
        =Hămshămts!es=; =Íâm Dance=; =Omaha Dance=; =Rich-Woman=;
        =Snake Dance=; =Sun Dance=; =War=; =Winter=.

    =Dance-bags= of the Menomini =14=: 272.

    =Dance Chiefs=, office of =45=: 262.

    =Dance Day= of Hopi elaborate festivals =21=: 20.

    =Dance Grounds=, ceremonial, near Franklin, N. C. =42=: 787.

    =Dance Houses=
      description of =45=: 333.
      of the Omaha =13=: 274.
      speakers of =35=: 1164.

    =Dance Inclosures.= _See_ =Plazas=.

    =Dance Kilts=, symbolism of =30=: 36.

    =Dance Objects=
      Antillean =25=: 64, 65, 72.
      _See also_ =Areitos=; =Plazas=.

    =Dance Rock=, Tusayan, reference to Snake dance of =8=: 65.

    =Dance Sticks= =38=: § 576.

    =Dancer=
      attendants of =35=: 873.
      cut into pieces =35=: 1143, 1145.
      masked, face of, on pottery from Shumopovi =22, i=: 115.
      masked, figure of, on bowl from Four-mile ruin, cut showing =22,
        i=: 144.
      masked, figure of, on bowl from Four-mile ruin, description of
        =22, i=: 143.
      substitute for =35=: 1034.
      transformation of =35=: 875.
      _See also_ =Dancers=.

    =Dancers=
      costumes of =47=: 104 _sq._, 314, 318, 324, 335.
      cruel =35=: 1158 _sq._
      in the Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 247, 249.
      remarks concerning =47=: 81 _sq._
      taboos concerning =47=: 84.
      _See also_ =Dancer=; =Little Dancers=.

    =Dances=
      absence of, in winter Flute festival =21=: 29.
      animal =42=: 523, 524, 610.
      as compulsive magic =47=: 899.
      at Abiquiu =29=: 137.
      at Christmas =47=: 106, 303-306.
      at Tanana potlatch =46=: 43.
      Buffalo, origin of =37=: 347.
      burial =1=: 192.
      busk, summary of =42=: 609 _sq._
      captive’s death =37=: 384 _sq._
      circuit observed in =42=: 522.
      Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 185-192.
      Dark Katcina =47=: 321-324.
      dates of =47=: 289, 290.
      description of =42=: 524, 534; =46=: 556-565.
      ditch =47=: 318 _sqq._
      Eskimo =18=: 353-357.
      Eskimo, examples of =18=: 370 _sq._, 372.
      Eskimo, place and time of performance of =18=: 286, 354.
      extra, introduction of =47=: 888.
      facial painting for =45=: 423, 427, 436.
      farewell =37=: 385.
      for benefit of Bear Clan =37=: 386.
      Green Corn =32=: 257.
      Grizzly Bear =37=: 347 _sqq._
      held monthly =42=: 556.
      Hok`ixe’re, after war party =37=: 318, 379-383.
      in circle formation =47=: 896.
      in line form =47=: 896 _sq._
      Jicarilla Apache Indian =29=: 109.
      Katcina basket =47=: 314.
      Kikre waci =37=: 387.
      King’s, description of =47=: 306.
      Kor’kokshi, entertainment for the people =23=: 148.
      land turtle =47=: 317 _sq._
      “last” of the series =42=: 556.
      list of =42=: 523, 524.
      love making at =46=: 558.
      masked, at Oraibi =47=: 354 _sq._
      masked, at Zuñi =47=: 497.
      masked, for rain =47=: 82 _sqq._, 124, 844.
      masked, origin of =47=: 497, 844.
      medicine =37=: 359-374.
      miscellaneous =47=: 68.
      mixed =47=: 1025.
      notched bone =47=: 336.
      of the Buffalo feast =37=: 346.
      of the Flathead =45=: 386-394.
      of the Herok`a society =37=: 343.
      of the Iroquois =2=: 112, 116.
      of the Menomini =14=: 247.
      of the Night Spirit society =37=: 204, 338.
      of the Okanagan =45=: 292 _sq._
      of the Siouan Indians =15=: 175, 184.
      of the Tahus =14=: 513.
      patterns of =47=: 896.
      pinitu =47=: 332-335, 372.
      Pishofa, to cure the sick =42=: 622, 623, 708.
      Powamû festival =21=: 32.
      preceding the busk =42=: 553.
      preparation of =47=: 886-896.
      purpose served by =46=: 556, 557, 563, 564 _sq._
      rain-making =47=: 82 _sqq._, 124, 844.
      rehearsals of =47=: 892, 894.
      repetition of =47=: 896.
      San Ildefonso Indian =29=: 295, 308.
      San Juan Indian =29=: 119.
      scalp =47=: 99.
      soldiers’ =37=: 228, 386 _sq._
      songs accompanying =42=: 522, 523.
      special, named for animals =42=: 558.
      steps used in =42=: 522; =47=: 897 _sq._
      Taos Indian =29=: 179, 184.
      Tceboknaⁿk =37=: 387.
      time for holding =42=: 522, 525, 527.
      to avert witchcraft =42=: 629.
      traditional, of the Wawenock =43=: 177.
      traditional songs of =47=: 889.
      use of drums in, by American aborigines =20=: 34.
      victory =37=: 379-383.
      welcoming, description of =47=: 44.
      with songs =47=: 282 _sq._
      _See also_ =Ceremonies=; =Dance=; and references there; =Dances,
        Chickasaw=; =Dancing=; =Katcinas=; =Rain-making=.

    =Dances, Chickasaw=
      benefits derived from =44=: 261.
      list of =44=: 257.
      Pishofa, for healing the sick =44=: 258.
      to ward off evil spirits =44=: 261.

    =Dances, Pima=
      in celebration of victory =26=: 205 _sq._
      in connection with songs =26=: 337.
      mention of =26=: 170, 250.

    =Dances, Social=, reference to =40=: 327, 343.

    =Dances, Tlingit=
      at potlatches =26=: 435 _sq._, 438-443.
      on making peace =26=: 451.

    =Dancing=
      a form of worship =47=: 497.
      at general council =42=: 312.
      at Hethu’shka meeting =27=: 466, 468.
      at Zuñi =47=: 497 _sq._
      before ball game =42=: 457.
      common practice of =42=: 449.
      dramatic, as a mortuary custom =40=: 383.
      grass (or Omaha) dance =27=: 461.
      in He’dewachi ceremony =27=: 259.
      in Hoⁿ’hewachi ceremony =27=: 502, 507.
      in medical treatment =30=: 55.
      in Moⁿwa’dathiⁿ and Toka’lo societies =27=: 486.
      Katcina, description of =47=: 495.
      Katcina, distribution of =47=: 899-903.
      masked, origin of =47=: 497, 844.
      object of =40=: 237.
      occasions for =47=: 497.
      of children, at gens festival =40=: 225 _sq._
      religious, ideals concerning =40=: 209, 211.
      to celebrate victory =42=: 419.
      vogue of =45=: 164.
      Zuñi, description of =47=: 507 _sq._
      Zuñi, limitations of =47=: 898.
      _See also_ =Religion=.

    =Dancing Apron= =35=: 873, 874.

    =Dancing House= =35=: 870.

    =Dancing Lodge=, Siouan =11=: 458.

    =Dancing Rabbit Creek=, treaty of =18=: 726.

    =Dancing Societies=
      mention of =11=: 428.
      of the Omaha =15=: 214.

    =Dandelion=
      medicinal use of =43=: 266.
      of recent introduction =33=: 59.
      use of =44=: 293.
      _See also_ =Taraxacum Officinale=.

    =Dandridge=, raid near =19=: 75.

    =Danger=, signals for =1=: 529, 532.

    =Dangerous Man=, migration under =19=: 99 _sq._

    =d’Anghieri, P. M.=, cited =30=: 365.

    =Daniel=, Franciscan friar and lay brother =14=: 474, 556.

    =Daniel, _Dr._ Z. T.=
      material collected by =24=: 181, 639.
      on dice games, Teton Dakota =24=: 181.

    =Danielli, J.=, cited =46=: 306, 309.

    =Danilson, William=, material collected by =24=: 169, 309.

    =Danish= burial logs =1=: 139.

    =Danohabo= land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =D’Anville, _Le Sieur_=
      map by =17=: 64.
      on Galisteo =29=: 482.
      on Gyusiwa =29=: 394.
      on Isleta =29=: 529.
      on Jacona =29=: 330.
      on Nambé Pueblo =29=: 358.
      on Patoqua =29=: 397, 398.
      on Pecos =29=: 476, 477.
      on San Cristóbal =29=: 486.
      on San Felipe =29=: 499.
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 305.
      on San Juan =29=: 213.
      on San Lazaro =29=: 491.
      on Sandia =29=: 526.
      on Santa Ana =29=: 521.
      on Santa Clara =29=: 242.

    =Danville, Ky.=, trails of =42=: 800, 840.

    =Daql!awe’dĭ=, _Tlingit Clan_
      affinities of =26=: 412, 421.
      crests of =26=: 415, 416.
      history of =26=: 410, 412, 414.
      names of =26=: 422.
      phratry and tribe =26=: 398 _sqq._
      standing of =26=: 408.

    =Darby, Cape.= _See_ =Cape Darby=.

    =Darien,= capture of, by Balboa =6=: 35.

    =Darina Tree,= spirits connected with =30=: 228, 233.

    =Dark Kachina Dance= =47=: 321-324.

    =Darkening Land,= myths concerning =19=: 248, 253, 261, 262, 313.

    =Darket= sandals =38=: § 553.

    =Darkness=
      caused by drawing a blanket over the sky =31=: 885.
      eating after, evil of =30=: 184 _sq._, 295.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 386-389.
      land of, Eskimo legend of =18=: 511-514.
      _See also_ =Night=.

    =Darlington, William=, on early use of the word “Zizania” =19=:
      1021.

    =Darlington=, surrounding of, by hostile Indians =17=: 203 _sq._

    =Daro-an=
      basket for dart cotton =38=: § 417.
      single-leaf ite basket =38=: § 453.

    =Dark Game,= played by boys =47=: 240.

    =D’Artaguette=
      defeat of French under =19=: 417.
      mention of defeat of =42=: 502.

    =Darton, N. H.=, on geology of workshop sites =15=: 31.

    =Dart-throwing=
      among the American Indians =19=: 494.
      among the Eskimo =18=: 333 _sq._

    =Darts for Blowgun= =38=: § 120.
      poison for =38=: § 121 _sqq._
      quivers for =38=: § 124.

    =Darwin, Charles=
      analysis of emotional tunes by =1=: 270.
      on gestures of Fuegans =1=: 293.

    =Das Ausland=, cited on marks =4=: 183.

    =Dä´sha-i=, a Caddo synonym =14=: 1092.

    =Daspia= land cessions and reservations =18=: 784.

    =Dasyprocta Acuchy=
      hunting of =38=: § 164.
      _See also_ =Adouri=.

    =Dasyprocta Aguti=
      hunting of =38=: § 164.
      taming of =38=: § 176.
      tooth knife =38=: § 733, 736, 748.
      _See also_ =Acouri=.

    =Dasystephana Puberula= =33=: 109.

    =Dátekâñ=
      mystic performances of =14=: 906.
      threat of outbreak caused by =17=: 219.
      _See also_ =Pa-tepte=.

    =Dates= readily lost =46=: 100, 108.

    =Datha=
      king of the province of Duhave =42=: 688.
      mention of =42=: 708.

    =Datil=
      cord made from =30=: 78 _sq._
      preparation of, for food =30=: 72 _sq._
      preparation of, for weaving =30=: 78 _sq._
      use of, in basketry =30=: 79, 81.
      use of, in ceremonies =30=: 99.

    =Datŭmpáta=, a Kiowa synonym =17=: 148, 159.

    =Datura=
      origin of =30=: 46.
      uses of =30=: 39, 41, 46 _sqq._, 63, 88-91.

    =Datura Meteloides DC.= _See_ =Thornapple=.

    =Dauberton, ----=, photographs made by =34=: 189.

    =Daughter-in-law=, application of the term =42=: 83, 93.

    =Daughter of the Sun=, myths concerning =19=: 252 _sqq._, 297, 436
      _sqq._

    =Daughters=
      application of the term =42=: 81.
      first three, names for =43=: 31, 32.
      _See also_ =Child=; =Kinship Terms=.

    =Daughters of the American Revolution=
      road marked by the =42=: 830.
      work being done by =42=: 833.

    =Dävéko=
      Apache chief and medicine man =24=: 285.
      dó-á game led by =17=: 347, 348.
      meaning of name of =17=: 445.
      portrait of =17=: 250.

    =Davenport, ----=, purchase of land by =18=: 614 _sq._

    =Davenport, _Colonel_ --=, reference to =40=: 43.

    =Davenport, Edward=
      genealogy of =40=: 43.
      reference to =40=: 27.

    =Davenport, Iowa=
      mounds near =5=: 24.
      pottery from vicinity of =4=: 427, 428; =20=: 192.

    =Davenport Academy of Sciences=
      acknowledgment to =20=: 16.
      exploration by members of =5=: 24.
      mention of =4=: 367, 368, 380, 381, 393, 396, 409, 423, 426, 427,
        431.
      paper published in proceedings of =20=: 15.
      pipes found by members of =5=: 38.
      pottery in collections of =20=: 89, 98, 192.
      work of Dr. T. Michelson for =36=: 18.

    =Davenport Tablets= =10=: 764 _sq._; =12=: 633-644.

    =Davidson.= See =Fay and Davidson=.

    =Davidson, G. L.=, commissioner to extinguish Cherokee title =5=:
      241.

    =Davidson, _Col._ J. W.=
      Indian operations under, in 1874 =17=: 204, 212.
      surrender of Comanche to =17=: 204.

    =Davidson, William C.=, vases donated by =10=: XXI.

    =Davidson County, Tenn.=, remains in =41=: 495.

    =Davie, William R.=, commissioner for Cherokee treaty =5=: 184.

    =Davies, ----=
      History of Antilles by =19=: 202.
      on aborigines of Santo Domingo =25=: 219.
      on Carib festivals =25=: 65.
      on Carib medicine men =25=: 60 _sq._
      on fishing among the Carib =25=: 49.
      on origin of Carib =25=: 217 _sq._
      on physical features of Carib =25=: 30 _sq._
      on Spanish mission among Cherokee =19=: 29.
      quoted on aborigines of America =34=: 126 _sq._

    =Davila, F. T.=
      on Hurdaide expedition =17=: 55.
      on Seri population =17=: 71.
      on Seri wars and raids =17=: 79, 94.

    =Davis, Andrew McFarland=
      on dice games, Norridgewock =24=: 82.
      on double ball, Wintun =24=: 658.
      on games of Narraganset =24=: 80.
      on racket, Miami =24=: 569.
      on terms used in stick games, Illinois =24=: 230.

    =Davis, Arthur P.=, reference to =29=: 350.

    =Davis, E. H.=
      and Squier on mounds =5=: 12, 13, 38, 45, 48.
      collection of terra-cotta figure by =3=: 112.
      _See also_ =Squier and Davis=.

    =Davis, _Gov._ E. J.=
      Kiowa prisoners accompanied by =17=: 197.
      parole of Set-t’aiñte =17=: 209.

    =Davis, E. W.=
      on archery games, Chiricahua Apache =24=: 385.
      on hoop and pole, Chiricahua Apache =24=: 449.

    =Davis, F. H.=, specimen presented by =40=: 20.

    =Davis, Jefferson=, on wild rice in vicinity of Madison, Wis. =19=:
      1036.

    =Davis, John=
      cited on Indian medicine men =9=: 167.
      cited on Pueblo rebellion =9=: 555.
      description of Eskimo house by =9=: 77.
      description of fire-making by Eskimo by =9=: 290.
      quoted on Eskimo amulets =9=: 434.
      quoted on Eskimo burials =9=: 426.
      works of, consulted =9=: 21, 22.

    =Davis, J. Barnard=
      cited =46=: 218, 232, 235, 237, 258, 326, 368.
      cited as to skulls =3=: 95.

    =Davis, Rebecca M.=, on Whiteside Mountain =19=: 467 _sq._

    =Davis, Solomon=, Oneida allotment expendable by =14=: 30.

    =Davis, William=, mounds on land of, Arkansas =12=: 207.

    =Davis, William H.= =46=: 322.

    =Davis, _Maj._, W. M.=
      on Cherokee opposition to removal =19=: 126.
      report on state of feeling among Cherokee in Georgia =5=: 284.

    =Davis, W. W. H.=
      on Cuyamunque =29=: 333.
      on destruction of New Mexican documents =14=: 535.
      on history of the Sia =11=: 10.
      on Jacona =29=: 330.
      on Jemez =29=: 403.
      on San Felipe =29=: 500.
      on San Ildefonso =29=: 305.
      on San Juan =29=: 213.
      on Sandia =29=: 527.
      on Sia =29=: 517, 518.
      on Taos =29=: 182.
      on Yuqueyunque =29=: 227.
      shell pendants mentioned by =2=: 256.

    =Davis Farm=, flint on =44=: 510.

    =Davis Strait Indians=, snowhouses of =6=: 541-544.

    =Davy, J. Burt=, on absence of wild rice in California =19=: 1029.

    =Dawatont, ----=, grant of land to =18=: 686.

    =Dā´ā-wýmp-ki-yas=, Tusayan sun priests =14=: 518.

    =Dawes, _Senator_ --=, telegram to, on Sioux trouble =14=: 835.

    =Dawes, _Miss_ Anna=, work of =26=: XXIV.

    =Dawes Commission=
      organization and powers of =19=: 153 _sq._
      work of =19=: 156.

    =Dawkins, Boyd= =46=: 333, 347, 349, 368.

    =Dawn=
      beliefs concerning =11=: 468.
      connection of rabbit with =19=: 233.
      consideration of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 58.
      interpretation of colors of =41=: 591.
      Pawnee conception of =22, ii=: 124, 125, 320, 321.
      red plumes as the symbol of =36=: 134.

    =Dawn, Women of,= legend of =30=: 266 _sq._

    =Dawn God= of the Navaho =17=: 489.

    =Dawn Katcina=
      resemblance of, to Nakiatcop =21=: 86.
      _See also_ =Telavai=.

    =Dawson, -- (_Prof._ G. M. (?))=
      description of Haida dances by =3=: 110.
      description of labrets by =3=: 82.
      description of masks by =3=: 110-114.

    =Dawson, _Prof._ George M.=
      assigns the Tagisch to the Kolushan family =7=: 87.
      on Indian land tenure =7=: 40.
      on stick game, Haida =24=: 260.
      Salishan researches of =7=: 104.

    =Dawson, _Dr._ J. W.=
      cited =46=: 333, 338, 368.
      illustrations of Iroquoian pottery published by =20=: 170.
      on caching of Indian implements =13=: 133.
      on crescent-shape arrowpoints =13=: 168.
      on cupped stones =13=: 92.
      on round stones as fish killers =13=: 95.
      on rudeness of certain implements =13=: 136.
      on use of celts in woodworking =13=: 83.

    =Dawson, Lee,= unit-type house on property of =48=: 11.

    =Dax̣ē’t,= Tlingit town =26=: 397.

    =Day, Charles L.,= material collected by =24=: 140.

    =Day, _Dr._ D. T.=
      acknowledgments to =19=: 13.
      on southern gold fields =19=: 221.

    =Day, George D.,= Kiowa agent in 1891 =17=: 226.

    =Day=
      characterization of =37=: 441.
      child of Night and Tirawa =22, ii=: 127.
      divisions of =42=: 398 _sq._
      in Omaha conception =27=: 128, 494.
      in Ponca conception =27=: 507.
      Mayan,symbols of =19=: 713 _sq._
      mention of =11=: 467.
      mythic origin of =14=: 200.
      offering to, in War-bundle feast =37=: 429, 461.
      representation of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 21.
      signs for =1=: 371.
      symbolism of =27=: 254, 517.
      symbolism of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 42.
      _See also_ =Days=; =Nights=; =Sky=.

    =Day and Night,= terms relating to =29=: 67 _sq._

    =Day Deities=
      in Maori calendar =16=: 265.
      names of, in Mayan and Mexican calendars =16=: 206.
      of the Maya year =16=: XCV, 199-265.
      symbol of, in Troano Codex =16=: 222.

    =Day People=
      officials of =47=: 270.
      of white corn group =47=: 270.

    =Dayaks,= tattooing among the =10=: 413.

    =Daybwawaindung,= portrait made by =34=: 28.

    =Dayê´.= _See_ =Dyea=.

    =Daylight=
      a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 174.
      in Menomini mythology =14=: 91.
      kept in a box =31=: 61.
      origin of =30=: 266 _sq._
      origin of, myth of =31=: 60 _sqq._
      string figure of =38=: § 686.

    =Day-no-day= =46=: 96.

    =Days=
      assignment of, to cardinal points =3=: 38 _sqq._, 50-53.
      list of Mexican =3=: 32 _sqq._
      Mayan, method of counting =19=: 707.
      of the Mayan “Four Series of Years” =19=: 702 _sq._
      of the week, terms for =42=: 404.
      _See also_ =Day=.

    =Dayton Village=
      location of =37=: 51.
      treaties of =18=: 800, 814.

    =De Bois Blanc Island,= cession of =18=: 656.

    =De Booy, Theodor=
      drawings furnished by =34=: 177.
      mention of =34=: 74.
      specimen described by =34=: 182 _sq._
      specimens collected by =34=: 49, 63, 167, 213, 215, 216, 219, 221.

    =De Brahm, --,= survey by =18=: 657 _sq._

    =De Bry, ----=
      cited =12=: 668, 684.
      on Indian burial customs =5=: 29-39.
      Timuquanan names on map of =7=: 124.

    =De Fer, N.,= on Quivira =29=: 566.

    =De Forest, J. W.,= on Connecticut Indian spades =13=: 133.

    =De Frenne,= stone graves, near Prairie du Rocher, Ill. =12=: 136
      _sq._

    =De Goeje, C. H.=
      cited =30=: 145, 159, 278, 286, 296, 297, 304, 310, 327, 329, 330,
        346, 363.
      on belief in immortality =30=: 149.
      on talismans =30=: 288.

    =De Graffenreid Ruins,= mention of =41=: 496.

    =De Haas, _Dr._ Willis=
      first in charge of mound exploration =12=: 19.
      Indian relics bought by =3=: 490.
      Indian relics collected by =3=: 494-506.
      work of =3=: XXIV.

    =De la Borde, --,= on certain Carib customs =25=: 65.

    =De la Harpe, Barnard,= cited =12=: 620, 652, 657, 665.

    =De la Vente, --,= cited on Natchez record =42=: 456.

    =De Leon.= _See_ =Leon=.

    =De l’Isle, Guillaume=
      cited =7=: 60.
      Kwapa village located by =15=: 139.
      map of, reference to =27=: 80.
      on Acoma =29=: 543, 544.
      on Isleta =29=: 529.
      on Jacona =29=: 330.
      on Pecos =29=: 476.
      on Santa Clara =29=: 242.
      on Sia =29=: 517.
      on Tajique =29=: 533.
      on Taos =29=: 182.
      Ponka noted on map of =15=: 192.
      reference by, to Mdewakaⁿtoⁿwaⁿ =15=: 215.

    =De Luna, Tristan,= expedition of =19=: 201.

    =De Mars, _Father_ --,= in the Flathead country =45=: 385.

    =De Mofras, Duflot,= on Seri population =17=: 87 _sq._, 135*.

    =De Montagnac, C. P. O’R.,= Jamaican amulets found by =25=: 140.

    =De Pauw, ----= =46=: 219.

    =De Priest, H. G.,= mound on land of, Arkansas =12=: 243.

    =De Schweinitz, Edmund,= on Moravian missions =19=: 84.

    =De Smet, _Father_ G. I.=
      acknowledgment by, to Denig =46=: 386.
      first missionary among Flathead =45=: 385.
      object of correspondence with =46=: 467.

    =De Soto, Hernando=
      among the Kwapa =15=: 193.
      and followers lived on corn obtained from the Indians =12=: 619.
      burial of =1=: 181.
      Caddo encountered by =14=: 1094.
      Cherokee name used by =19=: 182.
      expedition of =13=: 25.
      expedition of, bison not seen by =41=: 610.
      chronicles of =12=: 646.
      expedition of, into Cherokee country =19=: 23-27, 191-201.
      expedition of, mention of =42=: 438 _sq._, 440, 446, 510, 682,
        683, 701, 704, 706, 740, 777, 779, 820, 829.
      on bees among the Cherokee =19=: 214.
      on early habitat of the Kaskaskias =7=: 113.
      quarries attributed to =44=: 540.
      relics of, among the Creeks =17=: 242.
      supposed to have visited the Yuchi =7=: 126.
      Timuquanan towns encountered by =7=: 124.
      visit of, to Cherokee =5=: 134.
      visit of, to Cutifachiqui =5=: 135.
      _See also_ =Soto=.

    =De Vaca, Cabeza=
      hawk’s bill found by, in the hand of native =12=: 713.
      _See also_ =Cabeza de Vaca=.

    =De Vaugondy,= a synonym for Menomini =19=: 1048.

    =De Vreede, Jan,= killed at Wounded Knee =14=: 872.

    =De Ward, C.,= survey of =18=: 737.

    =De Witt, Fredericus,= maps by =17=: 56, 62.

    =De Witt, John H.=
      acknowledgment to =42=: 745.
      mention of =41=: 589.

    =De Witt’s Corners,= treaty of =19=: 53.

    =De Zeltner, A.= _See_ =Zeltner=.

    =Dead=
      abandonment of homes of =30=: 149, 159.
      abiding place of =47=: 633.
      appearance of =30=: 272.
      blessings bestowed by =47=: 510.
      dance for the =1=: 192.
      disposal of the =11=: 518.
      Eskimo feasts to the =18=: 363-379, 424 _sq._
      Eskimo manner of regarding the =18=: 423 _sq._
      Eskimo shaman’s visits to land of the =18=: 433 _sq._
      eyes of the =30=: 160, 299.
      facial painting of the =40=: 370.
      food buried with the =40=: 372.
      go to the west =40=: 357.
      land of the, Eskimo legend of =18=: 488 _sqq._
      mourning for the =30=: 254.
      not to look backward =40=: 357, 359, 419.
      of sky land converse with the living =21=: 263.
      orientation of the, in burial =40=: 372, 409.
      resurrection of the =30=: 170, 178, 182.
      Seri and Yuman words meaning =17=: 338* _sqq._
      Seri treatment of =17=: 11 _sq._, 287*-295*.
      speeches to the =40=: 417 _sqq._, 419 _sqq._, 431 _sqq._
      tobacco cast on =40=: 372.
      worship of =47=: 483.
      _See also_ =Ancestors=.

    =Dead Hunter,= Iroquoian tale =2=: 87.

    =Dead Mountain, Nev.,= petroglyphs at =10=: 95.

    =Dead Standing Mountain,= in Pima song =26=: 296.

    =“Dead” Villages= =46=: 134, 136, 137, 142, 168, 183.

    =Deadfalls,= Eskimo use of =18=: 121.

    =Deaf,= pictographs for =10=: 587.

    =Deaf and Dumb,= American annals of the =1=: 293.

    =Deaf-Mute College, National,= test of signs at the =1=: 321.

    =Deaf-Mutes=
      methodical signs of =1=: 362.
      Milan Convention on instruction of =1=: 307.
      signs of instructed =1=: 362, 397.
      signs of uninstructed =1=: 277.
      sounds uttered by the uninstructed =1=: 277.

    =Deans, James,= on shinny game, Haida =24=: 642.

    =Dearborn, Henry,= purchase of land from, by Seneca =18=: 773.

    =Dearle, --,= acknowledgment to =34=:66.

    =Dease _and_ Simpson,= cited =6=: 458.

    =Death=
      accidental, punishment in case of =42=: 342.
      as form of punishment =42=: 355.
      assistance at, of clansmen =47=: 39.
      beliefs concerning =11=: 374, 421, 512, 518; =47=: 137 _sq._, 481.
      burning of property after =35=: 1329, 1330.
      caused by mystic power =40=: 38.
      caused by red turkey =40=: 199.
      caused by shame =35=: 1103.
      caused by slipping of ribs =40=: 173.
      caused by witchcraft =47=: 482.
      causes of =46=: 478.
      concept of =37=: 313 _sq._
      customs relating to =11=: 485; =43=: 389-393.
      disposal of property after =35=: 1330.
      flight of spirit at =30=: 270.
      foretelling of =27=: 489 _sq._
      general conception of =27=: 489 _sq._, 588-591.
      hair cut after =35=: 709.
      Hethu´shka teaching as to =27=: 475.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 216, 248.
      in story of Shell society =27=: 514 _sq._
      mention of =35=: 705-710.
      methods of disposal after =31=: 441 _sq._
      Omaha ceremonies at =3=: 229, 233.
      omens of =30=: 121, 274 _sq._, 301 _sq._, 303, 331.
      origin of =30=: 179, 182, 241, 250 _sq._
      Pima views of =26=: 193.
      sacred shells associated with =27=: 457.
      Seri ideas concerning =17=: 292* _sq._
      signs for =1=: 353, 420, 497.
      signs of =35=: 603 _sq._, 707 _sq._
      song of Kiowa warriors =17=: 329.
      story of origin of =40=: 387-393, 473-481.
      the subject of talk =40=: 273.
      tokens of =43=: 393.
      water poured out after =35=: 1330.
      Zuñi mythic origin of =13=: 404.
      _See also_ =Burial=; =Bush Spirits=; =Cremation=; =Funeral
        Customs=; =Kanaima=; =Mortuary Customs=; =Mourning Customs=;
        =Sickness=; =Thunder=.

    =Death and Mourning= of the Guiana Indians =38=: p. 638-665.

    =Death-bringer= =35=: 747.

    =Death Camas=
      beliefs concerning =45=: 508.
      use of =45=: 463, 511, 512.

    =Death God=
      of the Mexicans =16=: 243.
      offering to =15=: 301.
      personified at Tusayan =15=: 303.
      symbol as day symbol =16=: 231.
      _See also_ =Masauwûh=.

    =Death Valley, Calif.,= petroglyphs in =10=: 60 _sq._

    =Death’s-head Vase,= Middle Mississippi group =20=: 96 _sqq._

    =Debauchery,= drink, dance =38=: § 583.

    =Débris=
      an indication of original height of walls =8=: 90.
      height of ancient villages judged by =13=: 198, 246, 312.
      how indicated in plans of ruins =8=: 45.

    =Debts=
      customs concerning =42=: 335.
      Eskimo regard for =18=: 294.
      payment of =46=: 459.

    =Decanters.= _See_ =Bottles=.

    =Decapitation in War= =35=: 1015.

    =Deceit,= signs for =1=: 303.

    =December,= ceremonies celebrated in =21=: 21.

    =Dechelette, J.= =46=: 332, 333, 351, 368.

    =Decimal system,= employed by the Sonoran and Shoshonean peoples
      =19=: 922.

    =Decimal-Vigesimal System,= employed by the Othomian, Torascan,
      Totonacan and Huastecan peoples =19=: 922.

    =Deciphering,= principles of =1=: 207.

    =Dē´citān, _Tlingit Clan_=
      crests of =26=: 416, 420.
      history of =26=: 412.
      phratry and tribe =26=: 399.
      _See also_ =Ghosts=; =Souls=; =Spirits=.

    =Declarations of War=
      of Guiana Indians =38=: § 758, 759.
      pictographically represented =10=: 358 _sq._

    =Decoctions,= medicine =38=: § 927.

    =Decoigne, Ellen=
      reservation for =18=: 742.
      _See also_ =Ducoin=.

    =Decora, Paul,= songs recorded by =47=: 9.

    =Decora,= position of wife of =37=: 193.

    =Decora Family,= origin of =37=: 65, 67 _sqq._

    =Decorating=
      plants used in =30=: 82.
      the Xo´-ḳa =45=: 703-707.

    =Decoration=
      among Siuoan peoples =11=: 397.
      body =38=: p. 419-448.
      colors used in =2=: 326, 330.
      difference of styles of, accounted for =2=: 328.
      eastern United States pottery =20=: 25, 36, 40 _sq._, 51 _sq._,
        56, 64-80.
      evolution of =20=: 64 _sq._
      Florida Peninsula pottery, designs =20=: 118, 121, 122, 123, 125,
        126, 127, 128.
      Florida Peninsula pottery, methods =20=: 118.
      Gulf Coast pottery, designs =20=: 106, 107, 108, 109 _sq._, 113
        _sq._
      Gulf Coast pottery, methods =20=: 105 _sq._
      house =38=: § 325.
      house openings =8=: 145 _sq._
      Indian pottery, change in forms of =2=: 327, 333.
      Indian pottery, vegetable matter employed in =2=: 331.
      Iroquoian pipes =20=: 174 _sq._
      Iroquoian pottery, designs =20=: 171 _sq._
      Iroquoian pottery, methods =20=: 162 _sqq._
      kiva roof timbers =8=: 145 _sq._
      lack of, in Navaho houses =17=: 487.
      ladder crosspieces =8=: 159.
      Lower Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 103 _sq._
      Middle Atlantic Coast pipes =20=: 158.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery, designs =20=: 145, 151, 154, 156.
      Middle Atlantic Coast pottery, methods =20=: 148 _sq._, 151, 154,
        155 _sq._, 157.
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery, designs =20=: 86, 88, 90 _sq._,
        92, 100 _sq._
      Middle Mississippi Valley pottery, methods =20=: 85, 86, 88, 89.
      New Jersey-New England pottery =20=: 177, 179.
      no symbolic significance in =2=: 333.
      Northwestern pottery =20=: 188 _sqq._, 191, 194, 196 _sq._, 198,
        199, 200 _sq._
      of Awatobi pottery =17=: 623, 624 _sq._
      of bags =45=: 48, 49, 50, 51.
      of baskets =45=: 51, 52, 55, 223 _sq._
      of clay articles =2=: 322.
      of cliff house walls =16=: 102, 109, 113, 125, 147, 160, 177-181.
      of clothing =45=: 66-73, 236, 337 _sqq._
      of headbands =45=: 74.
      of Honanki pottery =17=: 570, 571.
      of horse equipments =45=: 50, 353 _sq._
      of houses of squares =42=: 184 _sq._
      of ladle handles =17=: 624.
      of mats =45=: 47.
      of Omaha tents =13=: 274.
      of pottery by spattering =17=: 650, 668, 671, 677.
      of pottery, Yukon =46=: 135, 147.
      of Sikyatki pottery =17=: 650, 652, 655, 657-728.
      of Tusayan kiva =15=: 283.
      Ohio Valley pottery =20=: 185 _sq._
      on basketry suggesting Siouan relationship =41=: 533.
      personal, in Tusayan ceremony =15=: 275, 278, 279, 281, 282, 283,
        285, 286, 287.
      roof beams =8=: 123, 125.
      Seri =17=: 10, 164*-179*.
      Seri, significance of =17=: 176*-179*.
      Seri, travelers’ accounts of =17=: 78, 101.
      South Appalachian pottery, designs =20=: 133 _sq._, 138, 139
        _sq._
      South Appalachian pottery, methods =20=: 133-136.
      Southern and Northern pottery =20=: 145 _sq._, 187.
      wall of Mashongnavi house =8=: 146.
      wooden chair =8=: 213.
      Zuñi window sashes =8=: 196.
      _See also_ =Adornment=; =Beadwork=; =Carving=; =Checker=; =Color=;
        =Comb-like=; =Cords=; =Cross=; =Designs=; =Dyes=; =Fabrics=;
        =Filfot=; =Griddle=; =Guilloche=; =Herring-bone=; =Imbrication=;
        =Incision=; =Indenting=; =Inlaying=; =Meander=; =Ornaments=;
        =Paddles=; =Painting=; =Personal=; =Quillwork=; =Roulette=;
        =Scroll=; =Stamps=; =Trailing=; =Volute=.

    =Decorative=
      motive in pottery, sources of =4=: 453.
      pleasures =19=: LX-LXIII, LXXIV-LXXVII.

    =Decoys=
      used by Eskimo in catching ptarmigan =18=: 132.
      women as, in warfare =38=: § 764.

    =Decu´.= _See_ =Haines Mission=.

    =Dedication= of Navaho houses =17=: 476, 504.

    =Deep Creek Reserve=, sale of =18=: 830.

    =Deep Creek Uta=, executive order affecting =18=: 892.

    =Deep Fork=, Upper towns on =42=: 333.

    =Deer=
      a life symbol =36=: 96.
      a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 173.
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 95.
      as a symbol =39=: 214.
      as an emblem =39=: 327.
      basketry design =38=: § 444.
      bina for =30=: 282.
      brains, bows sized with =14=: 281.
      ceremonial division of =47=: 338.
      ceremonial over, killed in a hunt =23=: 440, 441.
      ceremonies connected with =39=: 322.
      connection of, with Shell society =27=: 518, 559.
      creation of, reference to =35=: 398.
      division of, at War-bundle feast =37=: 430.
      Eskimo lance for hunting =9=: 240-244.
      Eskimo methods of killing and capturing =18=: 118 _sq._
      Eskimo use of intestines of =18=: 118.
      fat of, use of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 20.
      horns used as pegs in Zuñi =8=: 111.
      hunting of =11=: 249; =27=: 270, 271 _sq._, 274 _sq._; =32=: 656;
        =38=: § 168; =46=: 536.
      hunting of, among Pima =27=: 44.
      implements made from bones of, from Pueblo ruins, description of
        =22, i=: 94, 95.
      killed for War-bundle feast =37=: 442.
      method of hunting =42=: 693; =45=: 101.
      myths concerning =11=: 37, 64, 153, 201, 328; =19=: 250 _sq._,
        263, 266, 275 _sqq._, 286 _sq._, 432, 450 _sqq._
      place of, in life of Osage =36=: 185.
      place of, in tribal life =39=: 322.
      prayer for stalking =47=: 835.
      prayer on trapping a =23=: 440.
      representation of, Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 95.
      Seri chase of =17=: 196*.
      skin of, use of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 21.
      songs of the Cherokee =19=: 435.
      symbol in the codices =16=: 233, 234.
      taboo of =11=: 412.
      tail of, used as charm =35=: 649.
      taming of =38=: § 716.
      tradition concerning =45=: 96 _sq._
      turtle and, legend of =30=: 212 _sq._
      ulna of =35=: 117, 124, 157.
      why, have short black tails =31=: 63.
      Women, mythic =11=: 480.
      _See also_ =Deer=, _among the Pima, Tlingit_; =Reindeer=.

    =Deer,= _among the Pima_
      as food =26=: 81, 83.
      disease caused by =26=: 262.
      in mythology =26=: 217, 218.
      in song =26=: 301, 317.

    =Deer,= _among the Tlingit_
      charm for =26=: 447.
      name in peace-making =26=: 447, 451.
      name of gaming stick =26=: 444.
      products, articles of trade =26=: 93.
      town name =26=: 409.

    =Deer,= _at Cibola_
      description of, by Colorado River Indians =14=: 405.
      in Menomini myth =14=: 201.
      in Pueblo region =14=: 518.
      of the Great Plains =14=: 528.

    =Deer and Corn Clans=
      bringing of water by members of =23=: 128, 129.
      deposition of prayer plumes by members of =23=: 128, 129.

    =Deer Antler=
      fragments of =44=: 135.
      wedges of =44=: 135.

    =Deer Clan=
      associations of =42=: 149.
      customs of =37=: 246.
      dog names of =37=: 246.
      native names for =42=: 115.
      origin myth of =37=: 247 _sqq._
      of the Cherokee =42=: 118.
      personal names of =37=: 249.
      song of =37=: 249.
      _See also_ =Sowinû Clan=.

    =Deer Creek Reserve=
      cession of =18=: 938.
      establishment of =18=: 912.

    =Deer Disease,= treatment for =42=: 639 _sq._

    =Deer Gens,= personal names of =43=: 128 _sqq._

    =Deer-head,= a sky deity =43=: 74.

    =Deer-head Gens,= Omaha =3=: 245.

    =Deer Horn,= appearance of, in Hopi pictures =21=: 60, 103, 121.

    =Deer Hunter=
      legend of =21=: 104.
      representation of, in picture of Sowiñwû =21=: 103.

    =Deer Katcinas=
      association of, with Kwewû =21=: 103.
      _See also_ =Sowiñwû=.

    =Deer-Mouse,= a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 306.

    =Deer People Gens=
      mention of =36=: 95.
      _See also_ =Ta´ I-ni-ḳa-shi-ga Gens=.

    =Deer Scapulae=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 103.
      substitution of sheep scapulae for =21=: 85.

    =Deer Songs=
      of the Osage =36=: 185-191; =39=: 129-137, 322-326; =45=: 643
        _sq._
      ritual closed with =39=: 328.

    =Deer, White=
      borrowing coat of =32=: 267.
      carries boy away on antlers =32=: 354.

    =Dearborn, Henry,= treats with the Cherokee =5=: 193, 195.

    =Deering= =46=: 203.

    =Deerskin=
      Eskimo ceremonial objects made of =18=: 397, 404, 406, 408, 413.
      Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 30, 32, 35, 36, 38, 44.
      Eskimo hunting bag made of =18=: 167.
      Eskimo transportation apparatus made of =18=: 217, 231.
      for sweathouses and masks in Navaho ceremonial must be smothered
        animals =8=: 242.
      over the entrance of a Navaho sweathouse, signification of =8=:
        242.
      taboo of, to the Ponca gens =27=: 44.
      use of =11=: 284, 299.

    =Deer’s Potato,= medicinal use of =42=: 660.

    =Defender,= a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 234.

    =Defense=
      a motive for selection of dwelling site =8=: 59.
      absence of motive for, in cliff ruins =16=: 101, 142, 153, 154,
        170, 196, 197.
      adaptation of architecture to =8=: 226.
      architecture relied upon for =8=: 58.
      efficiency of, at Zuñi =8=: 97.
      expedients for, in cliff dwellings =16=: 170.
      features of, at Ojo Caliente =8=: 69.
      features of, at Tusayan and Zuñi compared =8=: 76.
      gateways arranged for =8=: 180, 182.
      home villages located for =16=: 111.
      loopholes, an evidence of =16=: 135.
      loopholes for =8=: 198.
      method of, at Payupki =8=: 59 _sq._
      methods of, adopted in war =38=: § 765.
      motive for, dying out in Zuñi =8=: 96 _sq._
      not a factor in selection of Mashongnavi site =8=: 67.
      not a motive in selection of site of Zuñi =8=: 97.
      of houses =38=: § 291.
      of villages, Eskimo provision for =18=: 327 _sq._
      provisions for, at Kin-tiel =8=: 92, 93.
      provisions for, in Ketchipauan church =8=: 96.
      Seri methods of =17=: 264* _sq._
      sites chosen for, inconvenient to sources of subsistence =8=: 77.
      the motive of occupation of Tâaaiyalana mesa =8=: 90.
      use of Ketchipauan church for, by natives =8=: 82.
      wall for, at Bat House =8=: 52.
      wall for, at Pueblo Bonito =8=: 70.

    =Defenses,= types of =45=: 117 _sq._

    =Defensive=
      cliff dwellings =13=: 260.
      motive of Casa Grande =13=: 307.
      sites, to what attributed =16=: 91.
      sites of ancient Verde villages =13=: 193, 206, 208, 214, 215, 216.

    =Defiance,= signals for =1=: 530.

    =Definitions= of terms =11=: 365.

    =Deflectors,= description of =33=: 172.

    =Deformation=
      artificial, of the skull =46=: 83, 282, 321.
      of Guiana Indians =38=: § 501-507.
      of Seri bodies =17=: 264* _sq._
      of the child =35=: 656, 658, 662, 663, 664, 665, 666.
      of the head, Koskimo =35=: 671.
      of the head, Kwāg·uł =35=: 671.
      of twins =35=: 675.

    =Deformities,= cause of =30=: 187, 371.

    =Deganawida,= story of =48=: 13.

    =Deganeski,= Union Cherokee leader in Civil War =19=: 171.

    =Degiha.= _See_ =Ȼegiha=.

    =Degrees=
      of the Osage rites, order of =36=: 152, 153.
      of the Osage rites, seven in number =36=: 152.

    =Dehesa, _Gov._ Teodoro,= acknowledgments to =25=: XXVIII, 235;
      =26=: XV.

    =Dehesa Collection= =26=: XV.

    =Dehninotaton.= _See_ =Down-fended=.

    =Deities=
      attitude toward =37=: 279.
      day, in Maori calendar =16=: 265.
      list of =37=: 285.
      of the Hopi =15=: 265.
      of the Siouan tribes =11=: 372, 445, 506.
      offerings to =37=: 311.
      prayers to =45=: 184.
      use of the term =15=: 253.
      _See also_ =Deity=; =Divinities=; =Gods=; =Spirits=.

    =Deity=
      Chickasaw conception of =44=: 247 _sq._
      chief, of the Okanagon =45=: 289.
      Christian, confused with native conceptions =42=: 481.
      conception of =32=: 62.
      in Pima conception =26=: 245, 250 _sqq._
      in Tlingit conception =26=: 417, 434, 451 _sq._, 454.
      names for =42=: 482.
      supreme, belief in =42=: 709.
      _See also_ =Cosmology=; =Gods=; =Religion=.

    =Dekanawida,= peace proposed by =43=: 460.

    =Dekinä´k !ᵘ,= Tlingit feast described by =26=: 438.

    =Del Rio=
      reference to =28=: 202, 203, 204.
      ruins near =28=: 201.

    =Delano, A.=
      on hand game, Ololopa =24=: 299.
      on stick game, Ololopa =24=: 248.
      on tree burial in Nebraska =1=: 161.

    =Delaware, Ohio,= trail to =42=: 786.

    =Delaware Indians=
      account of =14=: 1095.
      adopted into League of the Iroquois =43=: 463.
      cession of land in Indiana by =5=: 137.
      connection of, with southern New England tribes =43=: 214 _sq._
      delegation of, to Wovoka =14=: 903.
      final defeat of =14=: 672.
      Ghost dance doctrine among =14=: 786, 902.
      join the Cherokee =5=: 356 _sqq._
      mention of =42=: 96.
      opposition of, to Tecumtha =14=: 684.
      _See also_ =Delawares=.

    =Delaware Language=
      consonantic clusters in =28=: 283.
      description of =28=: 228, 275-280, 290a, 290b.
      examples in comparison with =28=:
        Abnaki 238, 284.
        Algonkin 243, 244, 261, 265, 267, 268, 273.
        Cheyenne 286.
        Cree 238, 239, 243, 244, 251, 256, 261, 265, 267, 269, 273, 274,
          275, 284, 286.
        Cree-Montagnais 273.
        Eastern Algonquian 257, 269, 270, 287, 288.
        Fox 238, 239, 243, 244, 250, 251, 256, 257, 259, 260 _sq._, 265,
          267, 270, 273, 274, 275, 283, 284, 287, 290.
        Kickapoo 259, 267.
        Malecite 239, 269, 283.
        Menominee 239, 243, 244, 250, 251, 257, 261, 267, 270, 273.
        Micmac 238, 256, 273, 284, 288.
        Minsi 239, 274.
        Montagnais 259, 261, 267, 269, 286.
        Natick 239, 243, 244, 250, 265, 269, 273, 274, 284, 286, 288.
        Ojibwa 238, 239, 243, 244, 256, 257, 261, 265, 267, 268, 269,
          270, 273, 275, 284, 286, 288.
        Ottawa 261, 265, 267, 268, 273.
        Passamaquoddy 243, 267, 286, 287.
        Penobscot 267, 269.
        Peoria 238, 239, 256, 257, 261, 265, 267, 268, 270, 275, 284.
        Potawatomi 261, 268, 273.
        Sauk 259, 267.
        Shawnee 238, 239, 243, 244, 256, 257, 261, 265, 267, 274, 283,
          284, 287, 288.
        Stockbridge 238, 284, 290.
        Turtle Mountain (Ojibwa dialect) 239.
      formation of negative verb in =28=: 274.
      independent mode in =28=: 231, 260 _sq._, 268, 287.
      indicative mode in =28=: 273.
      reference to =28=: 225.
      relationships of =28=: 231, 238, 244, 289.
      study of, by Dr. T. Michelson =34=: 16.
      subjunctive mode in =28=: 246, 260, 265, 268.
      suppositive mode in =28=: 273.

    =Delaware Prophet,= account of the =14=: 662.

    =Delaware Valley=
      archeology of =15=: XXI.
      occurrence of Iroquoian pottery in =20=: 178.
      pottery of =20=: 176 _sqq._
      relations of pottery of =28=: 147.
      resemblance of pottery of, to that of Chesapeake-Susquehanna
        Valley =20=: 176.

    =Delawares=
      among the Cherokee =19=: 137, 157.
      burial of, in stone graves =12=: 692, 697.
      capture of Cherokee medicine by =19=: 397, 503.
      Cherokee relations with =19=: 18 _sq._, 373, 378 _sq._
      confederation of, with Cherokee =18=: 841.
      games of the =24=:
        dice games 69 _sq._, 105.
        hidden ball 342 _sq._
        hoop and pole 421, 446 _sq._
        racket 567.
        ring and pin 537.
      genesis legend of =19=: 229.
      graves in Ashland county, Ohio =5=: 47.
      habitat of the =7=: 79.
      in Texas, union of, with Cherokee =19=: 143.
      in Texas, wanderings of =19=: 146.
      incorporation of, with Cherokee =19=: 99, 151.
      invitations to join Cherokee extended to =19=: 105, 136.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 596, 597, 648, 650, 656
        _sqq._, 662 _sqq._, 666 _sqq._, 674, 676, 678, 684-688, 692,
        724, 740, 778, 780, 790 _sqq._, 822, 824, 840.
      mode of address used to =19=: 491.
      Moravian missionary work among =19=: 83.
      name of, for Cherokee =19=: 16.
      policy of =18=: 639.
      population of =7=: 49; =18=: 639.
      regard for snakes among =19=: 458.
      remains of weirs in =13=: 15.
      scarcity of pottery from =20=: 157.
      Shawano early dispute with =17=: 154.
      sketch of the =19=: 497.
      trans-Mississippi migration of =19=: 99.
      Walam Olum of =17=: 142; =26=: 34.
      _See also_ =Delaware Indians=.

    =Delgado.= _See_ =Ubeda y Delgado=.

    =Delirium,= how treated by the Zuñi =30=: 48.

    =Delisle, Guillaume,= maps by =17=: 56, 63, 64.

    =Dellenbaugh, F. S.=
      drawings by =10=: 51.
      on identification of Cibola =17=: 595.
      on manufacture of death’s-head vases =20=: 96.
      on Puaray =29=: 524.

    =Dellius, Godfrey,= grant of land to =18=: 580.

    =Delphinium Menziesii= =45=: 502, 506.

    =Deluge=
      Cherokee myths concerning =19=: 261, 444 _sq._
      Sia myth concerning =11=: 57.
      Tsimshian myth concerning =31=: 346-350, 862.
      Tsimshian story of the =31=: 113.

    =Demarcation, Line of,= between Indians and Eskimo on the Yukon
      =46=: 57, 66, 67, 82, 127, 129, 134, 151.

    =Demarcation Point, Alaska=
      called Herschel Island =9=: 26.
      Eskimo villages at =9=: 43.

    =Demarena Indians,= marriage customs of =30=: 318.

    =Dementia= among the Pima =26=: 268.

    =Demeré, _Captain --_=
      commander of Fort Loudon =19=: 40.
      death of =19=: 44.
      surrender of =19=: 43.
      use of drums of =19=: 493.

    =Demigods,= absence of belief in =11=: 371.

    =Demonology,= definition of =15=: XVIII.

    =Demonomy=
      classification of =16=: XVI.
      definition of =15=: XIX.

    =Demons=
      Eskimo belief concerning =9=: 431, 434.
      in Pima song =26=: 329.
      _See also_ =Ghost=; =Spirits=.

    =Demonstrative Pronouns,= Algonquian =28=: 232.

    =Demotic=
      characteristics of the Indians =15=: LXIX.
      characters of the Seri =17=: 10 _sqq._, 164*-344*.
      classification of the Indians =14=: XXVII, XXVIII, XXXVIII.

    =Denax·daᵋxᵘ=
      mention of =35=: 218.
      method of cooking mountain-goat skin =35=: 443.
      method of cooking salmon =35=: 323.

    =Dendrocygna Viduata.= _See_ =Vicissi Duck=.

    =Dené= =46=: 130.

    =Denial,= mistaken, of the existence of sign language =1=: 326.

    =Denig, Edwin Thompson=
      ancestry of =46=: 383 _sq._
      Assiniboin gentes given by =15=: 222.
      Assiniboin manuscript of, preparation of =41=: 6.
      brief account of life of =46=: 380 _sq._
      character of =46=: 382.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      Indian name of =46=: 386.
      manuscript report by =44=: 6.
      obituary of =48=: 1221.
      on archery, Assiniboin =24=: 39.
      on dice games, Assiniboin =24=: 173-177.
      on hand and foot ball, Assiniboin =24=: 707.
      on hand game, Assiniboin =24=: 316 _sq._
      on racket, Assiniboin =24=: 610 _sq._
      on running races, Crows, Mandan =42=: 807 _sq._
      on shinny, Assiniboin =24=: 636.
      on shuffleboard, Assiniboin =24=: 728.
      on snow-snake, Assiniboin =24=: 415.
      on tossed ball, Assiniboin =24=: 710.
      quoted on the Assiniboin =15=: 222.
      tribes described by =46=: 379.

    =Deniker, J.= =46=: 229, 235, 256.

    =Denison, James S.,= communication from =10=: 105.

    =Dennison, B. F.,= inclosure on farm of, New York =12=: 510.

    =Denny, L. W.,= burial mound on property of =41=: 89.

    =Denonville, J. R. de B.,= quoted on French policy toward Indians
      =18=: 546 _sqq._

    =Densmore, _Miss_ Frances=
      bulletin by, on Chippewa music =30=: 23.
      bulletin by, on Teton Sioux music =39=: 24.
      collaborator of Bureau =48=: 1189.
      collections made by =39=: 27.
      papers by =34=: 26; =36=: 31; =37=: 28; =40=: 17; =44=: 16.
      researches in Indian music =31=: 8, 19 _sq._; =32=: 10.
      special researches of =32=: 27.
      study of Indian music by =38=: p. 15.
      study of primitive Slovak music by =38=: p. 15 _sq._
      systematic research by =33=: 30.
      work of =29=: 19; =30=: 10, 21, 24; =34=: 21; =36=: 27; =37=:
        21 _sq._; =39=: 23; =40=: 14 _sq._; =41=: 12 _sqq._, 35 _sqq._,
        60 _sqq._, 87 _sqq._, 112 _sq._; =42=: 15; =43=: 10 _sq._;
        =44=: 10-13; =45=: 10 _sqq._; =46=: 11 _sq._; =47=: 8 _sqq._;
        =48=: 15 _sq._

    =Dental Arch=
      Eskimo =46=: 236, 264.
      Yukon Eskimo =46=: 162, 163.
      Yukon Indians =46=: 152, 154, 155, 157, 275.

    =Dentalia=
      mention of =35=: 1035.
      used in weather charm =35=: 624.

    =Dentalium=
      shells used for money =2=: 191, 220, 227, 239.
      shells used for ornament =2=: 191, 218, 220, 227.
      shells used in bushing =2=: 218, 227.
      use of =44=: 148.

    =Dentistry=
      among the Chippewa =44=: 335.
      among the Eskimo =18=: 310; =46=: 93.
      _See also_ =Toothache=.

    =Deoñ=, acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Departure and Return=, Algonquian pictographic notice of =10=: 330.

    =Departure of the Katcinas=
      prominence of Eototo in celebration of =21=: 77.
      _See also_ =Ninan=.

    =Depilation=
      among Guiana Indians =38=: § 508.
      practice of =45=: 83, 341.

    =Depons, F.=
      cited =30=: 118, 137, 139, 161, 285, 289, 342, 371.
      on Guacharo caverns =30=: 161 _sq._
      on medicine-men =30=: 350 _sq._

    =Depressions=
      artificial, at Casa Grande =13=: 303.
      saucer-shaped, remains of dwellings =41=: 495.

    =Depuch Island, Australia=, petroglyphs on =10=: 162 _sq._

    =Derby, D. W.=, explorations by, Wisconsin =12=: 88, 89.

    =Derion, Baptiste=, Oto gentes named by =15=: 240.

    =Derision=, signs for =1=: 301.

    =Derivation=, how accomplished =1=: 7.

    =Derivatives=, hypocoristic =40=: 377.

    =Deroque=, on Shaw’s mission =19=: 71.

    =Dervishes=, hypnotism among the =14=: 948.

    =Des Chutes (Lower)=, a Waiäm synonym =14=: 741.

    =Des Moines River=
      mounds =5=: 33, 34.
      reference to =27=: 36, 72, 88, 94.

    =Dĕ´sa=, a Caddo synonym =14=: 1092.

    =Desaix, _Captain_ ----= =1=: 210.

    =Descalona, Louis=, labors of, at Pecos =14=: 401.

    =Descent=
      among primitive peoples =15=: CVII.
      among the Assiniboin =15=: 225.
      among the Indians =15=: 202.
      among the Mandan =15=: 241.
      among the Menomini =14=: 43.
      among the Navaho =17=: 485.
      among the Omaha =27=: 38.
      among the Pima =26=: 197.
      among the Pueblo Indians =13=: 197.
      among the Sioux =15=: 187, 213.
      among the Tutelo =15=: 244.
      conception of, from animals =37=: 197.
      explained by Stiggin =42=: 114.
      Isletan =47=: 202 _sq._, 352.
      Isletan and Keresan =47=: 352.
      matrilineal =34=: 88; =42=: 376; =47=: 34.
      of Dakota chiefs =15=: 221.
      of Osage chiefs =15=: 235.
      reckoning of =37=: 185, 192 _sq._; =45=: 161.
      supposed, from the Hebrews =42=: 421.

    =Descourtilz=, on Antillean pictographs =25=: 148.

    =Description= of burial feast =1=: 190, 191.

    =Descriptive Ethnology=, work in =15=: LXXIX; =17=: XLVIII-LI; =18=:
      XLV _sq._; =19=: XXVIII _sq._

    =Desert=
      life in, solidarity of =17=: 32, 37.
      solidarity, Seri failure to participate in =17=: 133*.

    =Desgodins, _Père_ ----=, Mo-so manuscript copied by =10=: 673
      _sq._

    =Deshneff, S.=, reports Alaska people with labrets =3=: 92.

    =Desierto Encinas=, features of =17=: 39 _sqq._

    =Design Arrangements=, comparison of =41=: 424 _sqq._

    =Design Elements=
      discussion of =41=: 245-258.
      distribution of =41=: 454-462.

    =Design Fields= =41=: 228-234.

    =Design Names=
      distribution of =41=: 470 _sqq._
      index to =41=: 462-470.
      Lower Thompson =41=: 471 _sq._
      Upper Thompson =41=: 470 _sqq._

    =Designs=
      application of, to field =41=: 258-299.
      arrangements of =41=: 237-245.
      associated with Ghost dance =45=: 423-427.
      California, on Klickitat bags =41=: 375 _sq._
      Chilcotin =41=: 230, 348.
      Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 55-58, 77-80.
      combination of =41=: 303 _sq._
      considered as incomplete =41=: 258.
      curvilinear =46=: 174.
      diamond =41=: 244, 324 _sq._
      difficulties in applying =41=: 258-261, 263.
      discussion of, by informants =41=: 431-448.
      discussion of types of =41=: 262.
      dream =41=: 302 _sq._, 339, 387, 451.
      either geometric or realistic =41=: 330.
      errors in arrangement of =41=: 287, 295.
      Eskimo =46=: 174.
      geometric, Chilcotin =41=: 348 _sqq._
      geometric, description of =41=: 246-256.
      geometric, discussion of =41=: 328 _sqq._
      geometric, interpretation of =41=: 304-330.
      geometric, list of =41=: 430.
      geometric, names for =41=: 402-411.
      illustrating a story =41=: 256, 258.
      in imbrication =41=: 140.
      in vertical stripes =41=: 242-245.
      index to sketches of =41=: 473-483.
      Indian division of =41=: 254, 256.
      influenced by dream =45=: 428-431.
      inheritance of =41=: 301.
      interpretation of =41=: 304-330, 348 _sqq._, 383, 387 _sq._
      Klickitat and Yakima =41=: 357-360.
      Lillooet =41=: 230, 339.
      Lytton =41=: 331-334.
      meaning of =45=: 411-415, 438 _sq._
      names of =41=: 358 _sq._
      obsolete =41=: 370 _sq._
      of the Flathead group =45=: 330.
      on bags =45=: 226.
      on baskets =45=: 226.
      on clothing =45=: 337 _sqq._
      on pottery =4=: 78.
      realistic =41=: 254 _sq._, 330 _sq._, 339, 348.
      resulting from dreams =41=: 302 _sq._
      selection of =41=: 300-304.
      sketched by basket maker =41=: 259 _sq._
      symmetry in arrangement of =41=: 284, 286, 287, 296.
      terms descriptive of =41=: 400 _sqq._
      Thompson =41=: 230-233, 365, 366, 378, 383.
      used at Guardian Spirit dance =45=: 427 _sq._
      used by shamans =45=: 431 _sq._
      used by warriors =45=: 433-437.
      used in facial painting =45=: 420-423.
      used in tattooing =45=: 87 _sq._, 408-417.
      variations of =41=: 301.
      Yakima and Klickitat =41=: 357-360.
      _See also_ =Decorations=; =Forms=.

    =Desmoncas=
      bush ropes =38=: § 72.
      for basketry =38=: § 100, 104.
      for plaited belt =38=: § 544.

    =Despair=, sobbing as an expression of =20=: CXLII.

    =Destruction=
      of cultural remains =46=: 88, 89, 90.
      of human remains =46=: 97, 111, 181, 363.
      of sites =46=: 136.

    =Determination=, compressing the lips as a sign of =20=: CXLIII.

    =Detroit=
      cession of land at =18=: 654.
      treaty of =18=: 674 _sqq._, 810 _sqq._

    =Detroit Gazette=, on wild rice as biennial plant =19=: 1025.

    =Detsăna´yuka=, a Comanche band =14=: 1044.

    =De´tsătă=, Cherokee fairy =19=: 334 _sq._

    =Detsekayaa=, Caddo name of the Arapaho =14=: 953.

    =Development=
      of cliff dwellings =16=: 198.
      of Pueblo architecture =16=: 155.

    =Devil=, Indian idea of the =14=: 1031.

    =Devil-doer Tree=
      effects of =30=: 233.
      spirits associated with =30=: 228, 233.

    =Devil Spirit=
      evil due to =30=: 349 _sq._
      flagellation =30=: 331 _sq._, 350.

    =Devilfish=
      beliefs regarding =35=: 614.
      boiled =35=: 470.
      boiled with oil =35=: 473.
      catching of =35=: 185, 470, 474, 475.
      female, not boiled 35: 472.
      hook for =35=: 151 _sq._
      name of Tlingit gaming stick =26=: 443.
      scorched =35=: 472.
      steamed with clams =35=: 474.
      used as bait =35=: 1320.
      used in Tlingit crest =26=: 416.

    =Devilfish, The Giant,= Tsimshian myth of =31=: 135-138, 739.

    =Devilism,= definition of =1=: 32.

    =Devil’s Claw=
      in Pima basketry =26=: 133, 135.
      Pima article of trade =26=: 94.

    =Devil’s Footprint,= legend of =42=: 256.

    =Devil’s Garden, Fla.= =5=: 478.

    =Devil’s Lake,= Siouan name of =15=: 184.

    =Devil’s Lake Reserve,= establishment of =18=: 842.

    =Devil’s Shoestring=
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 425.
      medicinal use of =42=: 658, 668.

    =Devil’s Tower,= Kiowa mythic origin of =17=: 160.

    =Devol, W. S.,= account by, of cliff houses on Bonita Creek,
      reference to =22, i=: 187.

    =Devouring the Dead=
      Fans of Africa =1=: 182.
      Indians of South America =1=: 182 _sq._
      Massageties, Padaeans, Derbices, Effedens, Irish and ancient
        Britons =1=: 182.
      _See also_ =Cannibalism=.

    =Dew=
      people of Zuñi tradition =13=: 343, 390.
      source of =30=: 260.
      terms relating to =29=: 54.

    =Dew Makers,= employment of =42=: 631.

    =Dewey, George=
      explorations in Seriland by =17=: 105 _sq._, 200* _sq._
      notes on Seri by =17=: 106.

    =Dewey, Lyster H.,= plant identified as _Scirpus_ by =35=: 13.

    =Dhe´giha=
      application of term =27=: 605.
      _See also_ =Ȼegiha=.

    =Dhegiha,= twofold organization of =37=: 181.

    =Diagnosis= by primitive trephiners =16=: 62.

    =Diagonals=
      stepped, difficulties encountered with =41=: 290-296.
      textiles =3=: 416.

    =Dialects=
      among Plains Indians =14=: 582.
      Cherokee =19=: 16, 188 _sq._, 506.
      of the Flathead group =45=: 303.
      of the Okanagan group =45=: 203.
      of Western Eskimo, distribution of =18=: 24 _sqq._
      numerous, connected with gesture language =1=: 294, 306.
      _See also_ =Language=.

    =Dialogues,= in sign language =1=: 486.

    =Diamond,= as an element in design =41=: 253 _sq._

    =Diamond Designs= =41=: 244, 324 _sq._

    =Diario,= quotation of Garces from =19=: 599.

    =Diarrhea=
      among the Pima =26=: 268.
      _Arodiclidium camara_ as medicine for =38=: § 927.

    =Diaz, _President_ --,= acknowledgment to =26=: XIV.

    =Diaz (del Castillo), Bernal=
      on Cempoalan =25=: 233.
      on Chalchihuitl among the Mexicans =9=: 591, 592.
      on dice game, Aztec =24=: 160.
      on Indian medicine women =9=: 469.
      on route of Cortés =25=: 244, 245.
      on Villa Rica de la Vera Cruz =25=: 243.

    =Diaz, _Capt._ Melchior=
      command of, at Corazones =14=: 484.
      death of =14=: 407, 501.
      exploration by =14=: 406, 480, 486, 574; =17=: 54 _sq._
      in command of San Hieronimo =14=: 392.
      Niza’s report investigated by =14=: 547, 553, 572.
      on Indian wig-making =9=: 475.
      on location of Totonteac =19=: 599.
      on Niza’s discoveries =14=: 383.
      ordered to verify Friar Marcos’ reports =14=: 363.
      position of =14=: 477.

    =Dibble.= _See_ =Planting Sticks=.

    =D’Iberville, --,= names of Taënsa towns given by =7=: 96.

    =Diccionario de Motul=, work on translation of =22, i=: XXXIII.

    =Dice, Bone,= buried with child =41=: 604.

    =Dice Game=
      antetype of =24=: 383.
      canes =24=: 210.
      general description of =24=: 44-49.
      of the Arapaho =14=: 1004 _sq._
      of women =37=: 122; 45: 130, 260.
      pastor =24=: 195.
      played at adoption feast =40=: 359.
      played by the =24=:
        Algonkin 49.
        Amalecite 49 _sq._
        Apache, San Carlos 86.
        Apache, White Mountain 87-91.
        Arapaho 50-58, 126.
        Arikara 97 _sq._, 101.
        Assiniboin 173-177.
        Awani 143.
        Bannock 159.
        Bellacoola 155.
        Beothuk 97.
        Blackfeet 56 _sqq._
        Caddo 98.
        Caughnawaga 105.
        Cayuga 112 _sq._, 117.
        Cherokee 105.
        Cheyenne 54, 58-61, 101, 126.
        Chippewa 61-68.
        Choctaw 146.
        Chukchansi 138.
        Clallam 155 _sq._
        Clayoquot 196.
        Cocopa 199.
        Comanche 55, 126, 159 _sq._
        Conestoga 105.
        Cree 68 _sq._
        Crows 177 _sq._
        Dakota 184 _sq._
        Dakota, Brulé 179-186.
        Dakota, Oglala 179.
        Dakota, Santee 180 _sq._
        Dakota, Sisseton 183 _sq._
        Dakota, Teton 181 _sq._
        Dakota, Wahpeton 183 _sq._
        Dakota, Yankton 184, 185 _sq._
        Dalles Indian 158.
        Delawares 69 _sq._, 105.
        Eskimo 102 _sqq._
        Grosventres 70 _sqq._
        Haida 189 _sq._
        Hidatsa 186.
        Hopi 160-165.
        Hupa 91 _sq._
        Hurons 106-110.
        Illinois 72.
        Iowa 186.
        Iroquois 105, 113 _sqq._
        Kawchodinne 92.
        Kawia 165.
        Kekchi 141 _sqq._
        Keres 119-124.
        Kickapoo 72 _sq._
        Kiowa 124-130.
        Klamath 136 _sqq._
        Klikitat 158.
        Kwakiutl 196.
        Makah 197, 198.
        Mandan 187.
        Maricopa 201.
        Massachuset 73.
        Maya 143.
        Menominee 73 _sq._
        Micmac 74-80.
        Mission Indians 204, 205.
        Missisauga 80.
        Miwok 143, 144.
        Mohave 205, 207.
        Mohawk 110 _sq._
        Mono 166.
        Narraganset 180 _sq._
        Natchez 146.
        Navaho 92-97, 162, 190, 222, 223.
        Nipissing 81.
        Nishinam 154 _sq._
        Nisqualli 156.
        Nootka 198, 199.
        Norridgewock 81 _sq._
        Olamentke 144.
        Omaha 187 _sq._, 760.
        Onondaga 111 _sqq._, 117.
        Opata 146.
        Osage 188.
        Ottawa 82.
        Paiute 166 _sqq._
        Papago 146 _sqq._
        Passamaquoddy 82 _sqq._
        Pawnee 99-102.
        Penobscot 84.
        Piegan 57, 84 _sq._
        Pima 148, 152.
        Pomo 131-136.
        Ponca 188 _sq._
        Potawatomi 85.
        Prairie tribes 54.
        Quinaielt 156.
        Saboba 171.
        Sauk and Foxes 85 _sq._
        Sekani 97.
        Seneca 113-119.
        Shoshoni 168-171, 178.
        Shuswap 156.
        Snohomish 156.
        Songish 157.
        Takulli 97.
        Tarahumare 152.
        Tejon 138 _sq._
        Tepehuan 153 _sq._
        Tewa 190, 192 _sqq._
        Thompson Indians 157.
        Tigua 190 _sqq._, 195.
        Tlingit 130 _sq._, 246.
        Tobikhar (Gabrieleños) 172.
        Tobique 50.
        Tulares 145.
        Tuscarora 118.
        Twana 158.
        Ute (Uinta) 172 _sq._
        Walapai 207, 208.
        Wiktchamne 139 _sq._
        Winnebago 189.
        Wyandot 118 _sq._
        Yakima 158.
        Yokuts 140 _sq._
        Yuma 208 _sqq._
        Zuaque 154.
        Zuñi 46 _sq._, 120, 210-226.
      plum-stone game =24=: 61.
      primitive game of =11=: 61, 178.
      quince (shepherd’s game) =24=: 194.
      stave games =24=: 56.
      stick dice games =24=: 29, 32, 33, 152.
      throwing game =24=: 190.

    =Dichrophyllum Marginatum= =33=: 99.

    =Dickerman, Sumner,= busk described by =42=: 670 _sq._

    =Dickson, Robert=
      at capture of Mackinaw =14=: 55.
      Indians under, in war of 1872 =14=: 19.
      on dependence of fur traders on wild rice =19=: 1103.
      on popular synonym for wild rice =19=: 1023.

    =Dicotyles.= _See_ =Bush-hog=.

    =Dicranum Bonjeanii,= use of =44=: 289, 377.

    =Dictionaries, Indian=
      in preparation =27=: 9.
      reference to =29=: 13 _sq._, 23.

    =Dictionary=
      Geographic, of Alaska =46=: 178, 181, 184.
      of Sign Language, extracts from =1=: 409.
      of the American Indian, work on =20=: XXIV.
      of the Kalispel, on gaming terms, Pend d’Oreilles =24=: 250, 490.

    =Dictionnaire Français-Onontagué,= Onondaga definition of racket
      from =24=: 592.

    =Didapper,= defeat of, by Sir William Johnson =19=: 203.

    =Diddock, _Mrs._ Walter T.,= assistance rendered by =33=: 46.

    =Die,= Serian and Yuman words meaning =17=: 338* _sqq._

    =Dieganos.= _See_ =Diegueño=.

    =Diegueño=
      color schemes of =29=: 42.
      in Yuma-Pima battle =26=: 47.
      land cessions and reservations =18=: 788.
      population of =7=: 138.
      _See also_ =Mission Indians=.

    =Dieriabin= =46=: 127.

    =Diervilla Lonicera,= use of =44=: 289, 342.

    =Diesseldorff, E. P.=
      on monster’s head from Quirigua =19=: 674.
      on painting of Cuculcan =19=: 678 _sq._

    =Diet.= _See_ =Food=.

    =Dietary,= Seri, estimate of =17=: 214* _sq._

    =Dietrich and König=
      on composition of wild rice =19=: 1081.
      on popular synonym for wild rice =19=: 1023.

    =Difference=
      in pottery of different regions =4=: 427, 431.
      in styles of decoration accounted for =2=: 328.

    =Differentiation=
      of labor among Indians =11=: 271, 542.
      of languages within one single stock, to what due =7=: 141.
      of organs in the State =3=: 216.
      of parts of speech =1=: 8.

    =Digger Indian= tongue compared by Powers with Pit River dialects
      =7=: 98.

    =Diggers=
      application of the term =14=: 1048.
      Ghost dance among the =14=: 804.

    =Digging Sticks=
      description of =45=: 91.
      for clover =35=: 146.
      for cryptochiton =35=: 150.
      for roots =35=: 149.
      mention of =35=: 118, 186, 188, 521.
      weighted with perforated stones =13=: 98.

    =Dighton Rock., Mass.=
      descriptions of =10=: 86 _sq._, 762 _sqq._
      inscriptions on =4=: 20, 21, 250.

    =Dillard, Jack,= mound on land of =44=: 407.

    =Dillard, J. H.,= arbitrator between East Cherokee and Thomas’s
      creditors =19=: 174.

    =Diller, J. S.=
      acknowledgment to =6=: 21, note.
      on formations in which cavate lodges occur =13=: 219.

    =Dillon, Vince,= acknowledgment to =43=: 30.

    =Dimensions=
      of ancient Pueblos =13=: 211.
      of Casa Grande =13=: 307.

    =“Diminished Reserve”=
      cession of =18=: 824.
      establishment of =18=: 824.

    =Dinwiddie, William=
      acknowledgments to =15=: 18; =17=: 20; =20=: 17.
      collections made by =41=: 72.
      crania photographed by =16=: 15.
      operations of =13=: XXVI, XXIX.
      quarry group arranged by =15=: 150.
      work of =14=: XXXVI; =15=: XXI, XXV, XXVIII, XXXIII, XXXVIII,
        XLI, XLIII, L, LI, LIV, LV, LVIII, LIX, LXIV, LXVI, LXXIV,
        LXXV, 113; =16=: XX, XXII, XXIII, XXVI, XXVII, XXIX, XXXVIII,
        XLII, XLV, XLVIII, LXII, LXVII; =18=: XLIX; =20=: LVII, 13.

    =Diomede Islands=
      burial in =46=: 95.
      ceremonial objects from =18=: 421.
      clothing from =18=: 30, 31, 34 _sq._, 39, 41, 42.
      crania from =46=: 256, 259.
      description of villages on =18=: 256.
      dwellings in =46=: 95.
      Eskimos of =46=: 226, 365.
      fossil ivory culture in =46=: 174.
      Hrdlička’s trip to =46=: 30, 87, 93, 94, 96.
      implements and utensils from =18=: 63, 83, 84, 88, 89, 92, 102
        _sq._, 110 _sq._, 115, 127 _sqq._, 145, 163, 171, 173, 179
        _sqq._, 189, 190, 192.
      “jade” adzes from =46=: 88, 96.
      Jenness’s aid on =46=: 95.
      Jenness’s work on =46=: 32, 95.
      legendary origin of people of =18=: 517 _sq._
      map of =46=: 212.
      old sites on =46=: 95, 96.
      ornament from =46=: 58.
      people of =18=: 26, 27 _sq._
      stone adzes from =46=: 135.
      stone dwellings of =46=: 172.
      toys from =18=: 346 _sq._
      transportation apparatus from =18=: 210, 216, 226.
      villages of =46=: 209, 210.

    =Diomede Islanders= =46=: 87, 88, 96.

    =Dioscorea,= “yam,” cultivation of =38=: § 246.

    =Diospyros Paralea,= febrifuge =38=: § 927.

    =Diplomatic Packets= =4=: 161, 164.

    =Dipper, The,= a sky deity =43=: 73, 74.

    =Dipper,= terms for basket used as =41=: 397.

    =Dipper Gourd= =33=: 117.

    =Dippers=
      collection of Indian =3=: 566.
      Eskimo =18=: 65-70.
      Eskimo, of horn =9=: 101, 102.
      Eskimo, of ivory =9=: 103.
      from Awatobi, description of =17=: 624.
      from Pueblo ruins =22, i=: 130, 133.
      handle of, cut showing =22, i=: 131.
      views of =22, i=: 65, 130, 133.
      _See also_ =Cups=; =Dipper=; =Mugs=; =Pottery=.

    =Dirca Palustris=
      medicinal constituents of =44=: 304.
      medicinal properties of =44=: 301.
      use of =44=: 289, 346, 350.

    =Direction=
      indicated by drawing topographic features =10=: 341-347.
      pictographic notices of =10=: 334.
      sense of, in primitive men and animals =19=: 846 _sq._
      _See also_ =Directions=; and references.

    =Directional Colors,= of Zuñi and Moki =15=: 208.

    =Directions=
      cardinal, in savagery =15=: CXVII, 204.
      colors associated with =47=: 344.
      five =47=: 284.
      terms for =47=: 284.
      _See also_ =Cardinal Directions=; =Cardinal Points=; =Direction=.

    =Directive Markings,= discussion of =17=: 167* _sq._

    =Director=
      report of the =2=: XV; =3=: XIII; =10=: III-XXX; and _passim_.
      work of the =3=: XXIX.

    =Dirks, Stone,= from Santo Domingo =34=: 179 _sq._

    =Dirty Little Ani=
      a variant name =40=: 505.
      reference to =40=: 511.

    =Disappearing Mist,= account of =1=: 327.

    =Disapproval,= frowning as a sign of =20=: CXLIII.

    =Discoid Stones=
      as grinders and polishers =13=: 94.
      described and figured =13=: 99.
      used as mullers =13=: 93.

    =Discoidal=
      found in house circle =41=: 547.
      found in mound =41=: 564.
      found on temple site =41=: 509.
      used as cover for bowl =41=: 547 _sq._

    =Discontinuance= of sign language, circumstances connected with the
      =1=: 312.

    =Discourses= in signs =1=: 521.

    =Discourtesy,= punishment for =30=: 226.

    =Discovery=
      of Casa Grande =28=: 54.
      signals for =1=: 533.

    =Disease=
      and medicine, Cherokee tradition of origin of =7=: 319-322.
      attributed to witchcraft =14=: 139.
      concept of =37=: 313.
      cured by Ghost dance =14=: 786.
      cured by Peyote =37=: 419.
      drugs used in =38=: § 927-930.
      Eskimo treatment of =18=: 309 _sq._, 432, 433.
      fear of =38=: § 918.
      Indian belief concerning =7=: 39.
      Indian ideas of origin of =14=: 721.
      method of treating, by Indian medicine-men =9=: 462-468.
      myths and lore concerning =19=: 250 _sqq._, 281, 308, 435 _sq._,
        502.
      new, described by James Adair =44=: 265.
      pictographic representation of =10=: 588 _sqq._
      routine treatment of =38=: § 919-926.
      theory of, of the Cherokee =7=: 322 _sqq._
      treatment of, by jugglery =14=: 149 _sq._
      treatment of, by sucking =14=: 149.
      _See also_ =Disease=, _Pima_, _Tlingit_; =Disease and Treatment=;
        =Diseases=; etc.; =Magic=; =Medicine=; =Sickness=; =Witchcraft=.

    =Disease,= _Pima_
      cause and treatment =26=: 260-267.
      in mythology =26=: 214.
      prevalence of =26=: 267 _sq._
      songs for =26=: 260-267, 299, 302-330.

    =Disease,= _Tlingit_, cause and treatment of =26=: 464, 469 _sq._

    =Disease and Treatment=
      bathing =27=: 585 _sqq._
      case cited =27=: 487 _sq._
      doctors =27=: 487 _sqq._
      general account of =27=: 582 _sqq._
      pain in head, Ponca cure for =27=: 43.
      treatment by Pebble society =27=: 567.
      _See also_ =Magic=; =Plants=; =Wounds=; and specific names of
        diseases.

    =Disease-Giver=
      associated with success in war =37=: 433.
      characterization of =37=: 436, 440.
      conception of =37=: 168, 287.
      defied by man =37=: 309 _sq._
      most sacred of spirits =37=: 532.
      offering to, in War-bundle feast =37=: 429, 430, 449, 457, 467,
        505.
      refusal of blessing from =37=: 302.

    =Diseases=
      at Anvik =46=: 56, 59.
      at Tanana =46=: 43.
      attributed to dead bodies =42=: 511.
      children’s treatment of =42=: 656, 657, 658, 665, 666, 668, 669.
      classification of =44=: 335.
      contagious, transmitted through food =42=: 519.
      diagnosed by Kila =42=: 615.
      discussion of =42=: 636-654.
      explanation of, by imputation =20=: LI-LIV.
      glossary of, terms in relation to =45=: 456.
      instruction in treatment of =42=: 618.
      list of, with symptoms and remedies =44=: 266 _sqq._
      mention of =46=: 107, 130, 133, 134, 171.
      new, method of dealing with =42=: 654.
      of Omaha children =3=: 265.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 187.
      of the Point Barrow Eskimo =9=: 39 _sq._
      prevention of =42=: 658, 659, 664.
      rarity of =46=: 425.
      _See also_ =Disease=, etc.; =Doctors=; =Medical Treatment=;
        =Medicine=; =Sickness=.

    =Dish=
      beaver =35=: 756.
      double-headed serpent =35=: 756.
      dzō´noq!wa =35=: 756.
      for pounding salal-berries =35=: 59.
      grizzly bear =35=: 756.
      hair-seal =35=: 756.
      killer whale =35=: 756.
      sea lion =35=: 756.
      wolf =35=: 756.

    =Dishes=
      birch-bark =44=: 389.
      clay =46=: 173.
      Eskimo =18=: 70 _sqq._
      for feast =35=: 325.
      from Guadeloupe =34=: 135.
      house =35=: 756, 764.
      large wooden, used for burials of infants =43=: 77.
      limestone =44=: 82 _sqq._
      making of =35=: 57 _sqq._
      materials used for =42=: 689.
      measurements of =35=: 57 _sq._
      mention of =35=: 320, 360.
      of abalone shell =44=: 146 _sq._
      of the Seri =17=: 185 _sq._
      sizes of =35=: 59.
      tools used by Eskimo in making =18=: 85, 89.
      wooden, birch-bark, Yukon =46=: 136.
      wooden, inlaid or not =46=: 69, 71.
      _See also_ =Beaver=; =Bullhead=; =Double-headed Serpent=;
        =Dzō´noq!wa=; =Eagle=; =Grizzly Bear=; =House-dishes=;
        =Killerwhale=; =Qolos=; =Salmon=; =Sea Monster=; =Sea Otter=;
        =Seal=; =Thunderbird=; =Whale=; =Wolf=.

    =Disk=
      beads, specimens obtained =44=: 163.
      of turtle shell, from Chevlon =22, i=: 96.
      shell ornament for arm =38=: § 74.

    =Disks=
      from Casa Grande pottery, perforated =28=: 136.
      from Guadeloupe =34=: 136.
      of clay, from Kintiel =22, i=: 133.
      of clay, used as stamps =34=: 235.
      of various materials from Pueblo ruins, list of specimens of =22,
        i=: 106.
      of various materials from Pueblo ruins, problematic use of =22,
        i=: 96 _sq._
      perforated =34=: 123.
      pottery, eastern United States =20=: 33, 34.
      pottery, Iroquoian province =20=: 170.
      pottery, Middle Mississippi Valley =20=: 83.
      pottery, South Appalachian province =20=: 131, 141 _sq._
      rolling, use of, in decorations =20=: 52.
      steatite =44=: 104.
      stone =34=: 75.
      use of, as Sun symbols in Hopi festivals =21=: 41, 43, 46.
      use of, to represent buttons in dress of katcinas =21=: 88, 98.
      use of, to represent sunflowers in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=:
        64.
      _See also_ =Ear-disks=; =Roulette=.

    =Disks, Scalloped=
      probably time symbols =2=: 273.
      relation of, to human remains =2=: 276.
      shell, from mounds =2=: 275, 278.
      shell gorgets in the shape of =2=: 268, 273, 279.
      stone =2=: 277.
      stone, with engravings of knotted serpents =2=: 278.
      table of =2=: 280.
      the sun suggested by =2=: 272.
      type example of =2=: 273.
      use of sun symbols of similar shape =2=: 273.

    =Diskwa´nĭ= _See_ =Blythe, James=.

    =Dismal River,= reference to =27=: 88, 91.

    =Disobedience,= punishment for =30=: 210 _sq._, 219-223.

    =Dispersion of the Great Heads,= Iroquois myth of =2=: 62.

    =Disposition.= _See_ =Behavior=.

    =Disputation (Hoopara)= =33=: 312, 316, 319, 327, 620, 647, 652.

    =Disputes,= settlement of =42=: 553, 555.

    =Distances=
      covered by the Indians =42=: 735 _sq._
      how gauged =38=: § 941.

    =Distortion, Facial,= of Peruvian cranium =16=: 42.

    =Distribution=
      of American pottery =20=: 23.
      of cliff ruins in De Chelly =16=: 156 _sq._
      of coiled basketry =41=: 154.
      of Iroquoian pottery =20=: 164-171.
      of masks, geographical =3=: 98-120.
      of Middle Mississippi Valley pottery =20=: 80 _sq._
      of parts of animals =3=: 300.
      of petroglyphs in North America =4=: 19.
      of Pueblo art =4=: 266.
      of stone art =13=: 60.
      of stone art materials =14=: 21.
      of stone implements =14=: 134, 139, 141, 149.
      of the animals, Zuñi myth =2=: 21.
      _See also_ =Classification=.

    =Distributive Numerals,= Unalit, table of =18=: 240.

    =District of Columbia=
      collections from =28=: 20, 21.
      fabric-impressed pottery from =13=: 44, 45.
      field work in =11=: XXVI.
      pottery of =20=: 156 _sq._
      quarry workshops of =15=: 30.

    =Disturnell, J.,= on Taos =29=: 182.

    =Ditch Boss,= duties of =47=: 55.

    =Ditch Dance= =47=: 318 _sqq._

    =Dithyraea= used in ceremonies =30=: 91.

    =Ditsä´kăna=, a Comanche band =14=: 1044.

    =Dius,= beliefs concerning =47=: 341.

    =Diversion,= use of pottery for, among American aborigines =20=:
      24 _sq._

    =Diversities= in signs, classes of =1=: 341.

    =Diversity of Language= =1=: 28.

    =Divination=
      cultural stages of =23=: XXI, XXII.
      in savagery =16=: 21.
      of the Antilleans =25=: 60 _sq._, 63.
      with grains and seeds =9=: 454, 532, 533.

    =Divine Ones=
      assistance rendered by =23=: 25, 26.
      creation of =23=: 24.
      opening of the earth by =23=: 25.

    =Diving=
      contest in Menomini myth =14=: 189.
      for fish =38=: § 185.
      of the Omaha =3=: 341.
      ordeal for Carib captain =38=: § 748.

    =Divining Dance,= brief description of =46=: 564.

    =Divining Man=
      application of the term =46=: 494.
      dress of =46=: 586.
      _See also_ =Doctors=; =Priests=.

    =Divining Rod,= use of =43=: 275.

    =Divinities=
      Indian, references to =29=: 41, 201.
      Siouan =11=: 506, 513.
      _See also_ =Deities=; =Gods=; =Legends=; =Mythology=; =Spirits=.

    =Division of Labor=
      among the Pima =26=: 200.
      between the sexes, in wild rice industry =19=: 1066.

    =Divisions=
      of sign language =1=: 270.
      of the Osage, accidental =36=: 45.
      of the Winnebago, functions of =37=: 183, 187.
      of the Winnebago, mention of =37=: 185.
      tribal =39=: 82, 84.
      _See also_ =Clans=; =Gentes=; =Moieties=; =Phratries=; =Towns=.

    =Divorce=
      among the Creeks =42=: 376 _sqq._
      among the Eskimo =9=: 411 _sq._; =11=: 189.
      among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 898.
      among the Kiowa =17=: 233.
      among the Pueblo Indians =14=: 521.
      among the Siouan tribes of California =42=: 700.
      and separation =47=: 237.
      attitude toward =47=: 135.
      reference to =40=: 321, 323, 325, 342, 343.
      right of =46=: 512.
      status of =27=: 326.
      _See also_ =Marriage= (_separation after_).

    =Dix River,= trail along =42=: 800.

    =Dixon, ----=
      reference to Sitka labrets by =3=: 88.
      statement of, as to Alaskan burial =3=: 96.

    =Dixon, _Dr._ Roland B.=
      acknowledgment to =29=: 12.
      material collected by =24=: 257, 258, 297, 307, 332, 494, 553,
        633, 661, 662, 703.
      on double ball, Achomawi =24=: 703.
      on double ball, Shasta =24=: 662.
      on football, Achomawi =24=: 703.
      on four-stick game, Achomawi =24=: 332.
      on hand game, Achomawi =24=: 307.
      on hand game, Maidu =24=: 297.
      on hoop and pole, Achomawi =24=: 494.
      on shinny, Achomawi =24=: 633.
      on stick game, Achomawi =24=: 257.
      quoted on Ohio mounds =37=: 76.
      reference to =43=: 219, 223.
      researches of =23=: XV, XXV, XXXIV.
      work of =24=: XXIII, XXVI; =26=: XXI, XXVI.

    =Dixon, Ky.,= trail over site of =42=: 805.

    =Dixon’s Creek,= fortified town on =41=: 496.

    =Djaqt!ā´îq!-qa,= a Tlingit mythological being =26=: 461.

    =Djîłqo´t.= _See_ =Chilkoot=.

    =Djogeon.= _See_ =Dwarf People=.

    =Do Campo.= _See_ =Campo=.

    =Dó-á,= medicine game =17=: 347.

    =Doaks Stand,= treaty of =18=: 700 _sqq._

    =Doakville,= treaty of =18=: 764 _sqq._

    =Doanquod,= grant of land to =18=: 686.

    =Dobrizhoffer, _Father_ M.,= quoted on Indian medicine-men =9=:
      459-463.

    =Dobbs, ----=
      grant of land by =18=: 629.
      on Cherokee and Catawba population =19=: 39.

    =Dobbs, Arthur=
      grant by =5=: 145.
      on Eskimo habitat =7=: 73.
      on Quivira =29=: 566.

    =Doc. Coll. Hist. New York,= on Menomini population =19=: 1049.

    =Doc. of House of Rep.= on Menomini use of wild rice =19=: 1049.

    =Docduc= land cessions and reservations =18=: 786.

    =Dock=
      bitter, use of =44=: 292, 350.
      used in ceremonies =30=: 98.
      used in folklore =30=: 85.
      used in medicine =30=: 59.
      yellow, use of =44=: 292.
      _See also_ =Rumex Crispus=; =Rumex Obtusifolius=.

    =Dock-spus,= a Tûkspû´sh synonym =14=: 743.

    =Doctoring.= _See_ =Medicine=.

    =Doctors=
      activities of =46=: 443.
      beliefs concerning =42=: 626 _sq._
      character of =46=: 492.
      claims of, concerning spirits =42=: 626.
      Eskimo =9=: 422 _sq._
      fear of =46=: 485.
      insignia of =42=: 618, 621.
      office of =46=: 492 _sq._
      official position of =44=: 263.
      part taken by, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 19.
      payment to =46=: 423, 424.
      punishment for failure of =42=: 631.
      specialization among =42=: 638.
      supernatural fights of =42=: 626 _sq._
      training of =42=: 617 _sq._, 619 _sq._
      treatment of sick by =27=: 487 _sqq._; =42=: 622, 623, 625.
      white, employment of =47=: 245.
      witchcraft cured by =42=: 634.
      _See also_ =Diseases=; =Divining Man=; =Medical Practice=;
        =Medicine-Men=; =Priests=.

    =Doctress=, Sia =11=: 133.

    =Doctrine= of the Ghost dance =14=: 777

    =Dodd, Brown & Co.=, of St. Louis, Missouri, obtain clay image
      =12=: 225.

    =Dodder=, vine used for divining the fidelity of a suitor =33=: 110.

    =Dodecatheon Jeffreyi= =45=: 506, 507.

    =Dodge, _Agent_ ----,= recommendation by, concerning Walker River
      and Pyramid Lake reserves =18=: 873.

    =Dodge, _Gov._ ----,= on Menomini use of wild rice =19=: 1049.

    =Dodge, C. A.=, collection of pottery by =4=: 430.

    =Dodge, Chee=, blanket presented by =41=: 116.

    =Dodge, _Col._ Henry=
      material collected by =24=: 48.
      presence of, with dragoons in 1834 =17=: 264.

    =Dodge, J. R.=, cited =30=: 41, 47.

    =Dodge, _Col._ Richard Irving=
      at Fort Gibson council (1834) =17=: 169.
      at Fort Gibson council (1837) =17=: 170.
      on abbreviations of signs =1=: 339.
      on aboriginal calendars =17=: 143.
      on arrow chipping =13=: 142.
      on arrow mounting =13=: 178.
      on barbed and barbless arrows =13=: 150.
      on ceremonial objects =13=: 116.
      on classification of arrows =14=: 278.
      on dice games, Cheyenne =24=: 60 _sq._
      on hand game, Comanche =24=: 309.
      on hide-dressing with adze =13=: 169 _sq._
      on identity of sign language =1=: 316, 335.
      on iron-tooth club =13=: 144.
      on Kiowa tribal sign =17=: 150.
      on pipes of Plains tribes =13=: 128.
      on ring and pin, Cheyenne =24=: 532 _sq._
      on shinny, Nez Percés =24=: 632.
      on stone implements in pemmican making =13=: 88.
      on use of hammerstones by Sioux =13=: 95.

    =Dodge County, Nebr.=, reference to =27=: 100.

    =Do-doⁿ’-hoⁿ’-ga=
      authority of =39=: 279.
      chosen leader of war party =39=: 107, 109, 111.
      duties of =39=: 107, 144, 279.
      songs referring to =39=: 120-123.
      wailing of =39=: 138.

    =Dó-édalte=, correction of Tó-édalte to =17=: 445.

    =Dog=
      acts as guide =32=: 121.
      as a pack animal =42=: 736.
      basketry design =38=: § 445.
      buried with the master =38=: § 849, 860.
      castration of =38=: § 719.
      Cherokee myths concerning the =19=: 261, 265, 280, 453.
      Cherokee use of, for food =19=: 25, 26.
      disease caused by =26=: 263.
      domestic curs =38=: § 721.
      Eskimo beliefs concerning character of =18=: 438 _sq._
      Eskimo employments of =18=: 211.
      for quail =38=: § 181.
      for turtle =38=; § 215.
      great power given to owner of =32=: 256.
      habits of the =11=: 225, 245.
      hair of =35=: 1317.
      harness and accoutrements, Eskimo =18=: 209 _sqq._
      hunting with =38=: § 155.
      in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 153.
      in Pima legend =28=: 61.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 212.
      in Pima song =26=: 315 _sq._
      in Tlingit funeral ceremony =26=: 430.
      in Tlingit mythology =26=: 432, 433.
      indigenous =38=: § 717, 718.
      magic =32=: 158.
      name of Tlingit gaming stick =26=: 444.
      names in the Winnebago clan =27=: 201, 211, 229.
      ordeals for =38=: § 162.
      restored to life =32=: 473.
      Serian, Yuman and Piman names for =17=: 297*, 342* _sq._
      signs for =1=: 321, 387.
      skin taken off of =35=: 1256.
      skull of, found at Chaves Pass ruin, features of =22, i=: 27.
      Stone Coat’s =32=: 178.
      Tlingit charm =26=: 453.
      trails scent in air =32=: 470.
      turns to stone =32=: 472.
      use of, by Eskimo =11=: 241, 309.
      use of, by Pima =26=: 84.
      whip, Eskimo =11=: 244.
      wins ball game dressed as man =32=: 235.
      wins foot race dressed as man =32=: 233.
      _See also_ =Dogs=.

    =Dog Clan=, native name for =42=: 116.

    =Dog Creek=, remains on =41=: 496.

    =Dog Dance= =35=: 895.

    =Dog Disease=, symptoms and treatment of =42=: 641.

    =Dog-ear Symbol= in the codices =16=: 239.

    =Dog-eye Symbol= in Mexican codices =16=: 242.

    =Dog Fat.= _See_ =Sä´riyo=.

    =Dog-fish=
      skin of, for polishing =35=: 104, 108.
      source of Tlingit personal names =26=: 422.

    =Dog-fish Village= =46=: 69, 81.

    =Dog Flea=, string figure of =38=: § 639.

    =Dog Images=, sacrifice of =16=: 211.

    =Dog King=, young people corrected by =42=: 364.

    =Dog-like Animals= in the codices =16=: 226, 229.

    =Dog Men=
      a Cheyenne division =14=: 1026.
      an Arapaho warrior order =14=: 988.

    =Dog Rib=, population of =7=: 55.

    =Dog Ritual=, terminal =37=: 432.

    =Dog River Indians=, a Kwikwûlĭt synonym =14=: 741.

    =Dog-salmon=
      backbones of =35=: 226, 229 _sq._
      cheeks of =35=: 231-234.
      customs relating to =35=: 609.
      cutting of =35=: 223, 224, 229, 306.
      first of season =35=: 302, 350.
      fishing for =35=: 223, 224.
      head of, roasted =35=: 234.
      middle piece of =35=: 225.
      pectoral fins of =35=: 230 _sq._
      quarter-dried =35=: 236.
      refuse of =35=: 304.
      roasting of =35=: 223 _sqq._, 305.
      spawn of =35=: 235.
      split =35=: 227 _sqq._
      tail of =35=: 226.

    =Dog Soldiers=
      insignia of the =14=: 987.
      sketch of the =14=: 986.

    =Dog-star=
      a sky deity =43=: 74.
      mention of =43=: 92.

    =Dog Warrior=
      an influential chief =42=: 323.
      chief of Upper towns =42=: 322.

    =Dog Whippers=, function of =42=: 528.

    =Dogbane=
      roots of =44=: 326.
      use of =44=: 286, 336, 375; =45=: 497, 498.
      _See also_ =Apocynum Androsamifolium=.

    =Dogs=
      among the Kiowa =17=: 153.
      among the Navaho =17=: 484.
      among the Ponca =27=: 49, 79.
      and sledges of the Eskimo =6=: 529-538.
      as beasts of burden =15=: 174.
      attempt to save master by obstructing pursuer =32=: 293.
      burial of, with owner =30=: 149, 157.
      ceremonial eating of =14=: 111; =15=: 170; =46=: 489, 491.
      ceremonial killing of =15=: 303; =40=: 39 _sq._, 41.
      convey boys on journey =32=: 292.
      description of =45=: 350.
      discovery of =27=: 72.
      eating of =45=: 237, 242.
      eating of, at feast =37=: 329.
      feast on, at Soldier’s dance =46=: 563.
      food of, restrictions =30=: 292, 298, 320.
      game caught by, restrictions =30=: 319.
      in Menomini myth =14=: 179, 194.
      legend of =30=: 151.
      legendary guardians of the Chickasaw =44=: 178, 180.
      magic power of =32=: 193.
      medicines for =45=: 513 _sq._
      mention of =46=: 40, 43, 49, 50, 62, 73, 95, 103, 108, 109, 111,
        114, 116, 319.
      mention of, in connection with Coronado expedition =14=: 401, 405,
        407.
      names of =30=: 307.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 357-360.
      ordeals of =30=: 280 _sq._
      preparation of, for eating =40=: 40, 41.
      preparation of, for hunting =30=: 282.
      protectors against enemies and witchcraft =35=: 835.
      representation of, Florida mortuary pottery =20=: 124.
      representation of, Iroquoian pipes =20=: 174.
      restored to life =32=: 221.
      sacrifice of =37=: 428, 438, 451, 527.
      skin of, Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 31, 39, 40.
      stories told of =42=: 489, 496.
      superstitions concerning =42=: 528.
      trade in =38=: § 827.
      training of =30=: 282 _sq._; =38=: § 719, 720.
      use of, as food =42=: 693, 694.
      use of, by Coeur d’Alêne =45=: 109.
      use of, by Plains Indians =14=: 504, 507, 527, 570, 578; =45=:
        110.
      use of, for transportation =45=: 249, 352.
      use of, in ceremony =40=: 504, 511, 535.
      use of, in hunting =45=: 243, 344.
      words for, and horse, comparison of =15=: 174.
      _See also_ =Dog=; =Yä´`pahe=.

    =Dog’s Revenge=, a Dakota fable =1=: 587.

    =Do`gu´at=, Kiowa name of the Wichita =14=: 1095.

    =Dogwood=
      blossoms of, in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 282.
      clan name from =30=: 86.
      medicinal use of =42=: 660.
      red =33=: 107.
      rough =33=: 108.
      use of =44=: 288, 377; =45=: 472, 475, 495.
      use of, in basketry =41=: 145.
      use of, in ceremonies =30=: 98.
      _See also_ =Cornus Alternifolia=; =Cornus Rugosa=.

    =Dogwood, Pacific= =45=: 461, 496.

    =Dogwood, Red-Osier=,use of =44=: 288, 360, 369, 377; =45=: 490.

    =Dogwood, Western=, use of =45=: 490.

    =Dogwood Berries=, picking of =35=: 220.

    =Dogwood Clan=, reference to =47=: 910.

    =Dohá.= _See_ =Dohásän=.

    =Dohásän,= _Kiowa chief_
      account of =17=: 164, 233, 259, 263.
      death of =17=: 180, 318.
      expedition accompanied by, in 1834 =17=: 262.
      in war party against Mexicans =17=: 302.
      in Washita council of 1872 =17=: 191.
      on expedition against Pawnee =17=: 293.
      portrait of =17=: 175.
      speech of =17=: 176.
      surrender of =17=: 211.
      treaty signed by, 1837 =17=: 269.
      treaty signed by, 1865 =17=: 179.
      visit to Fort Gibson by =17=: 172.

    =Dohásän Calendar=
      description of =17=: 143, 144.
      whereabouts of =17=: 146.

    =Doháte.= _See_ =Dohásän=.

    =Dóhéñte=
      conduct of Sun dance by =17=: 337.
      death of =17=: 340.

    =Doherty, _Colonel_ --,= expedition against Cherokee under =19=: 75.

    =Dohon,= Kiowa name of the Mandan =17=: 159.

    =Do´`kănă,= Comanche name for Wichita =14=: 1095.

    =Dolbeare, Hannah,= mention of =43=: 224.

    =Dolichocephalic Type= in the Southwest =42=: 677.

    =Dolicos,= for tying rafts =38=: § 802.

    =Döll _and_ Aschers,= on scientific synonym for wild rice =19=:
      1021.

    =Dolls=
      ceremonial making of =15=: 283, 286, 288.
      Corn-maid, of the Hopi =17=: 704.
      curative powers of =30=: 331, 347.
      description of =30=: 331, 350.
      distribution of, in Powamû festival =21=: 31, 39.
      distribution of, to children =15=: 288, 308.
      festival of, Eskimo =18=: 379.
      fetish, Eskimo =18=: 441.
      figure showing =30=: 332.
      Hopi, symbolism of =16=: 301.
      Hopi representation of gods by =21=: 15.
      identification of =30=: 331.
      Kachina, given to children =47=: 131.
      making of =40=: 297, 338.
      of bark =46=: 170.
      of ivory =46=: 78.
      of the Chippewa =44=: 379.
      of the Eskimo =11=: 197, 258; =18=: 202, 342-345.
      of the Eskimo children =9=: 380 _sq._
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 614.
      symbolism of =15=: 264.
      use of =32=: 77.
      use of, as fetishes =47=: 718.
      _See also_ =Cemi=; =Figurine=.

    =Dolmens= in Japan =1=: 115.

    =Dolores Mission,= reference to =28=: 54.

    =Dolphin,= legends of the =30=: 242.

    =Domáñk`íago,= Kiowa name of the Pawnee =17=: 259.

    =Domenech, _L’Abbé_ Emmanuel=
      cited =4=: 251.
      on Acoma =29=: 544.
      on Cuyamunque =29=: 544.
      on Laguna =29=: 541.
      on Nambe Pueblo =29=: 358.
      on Pojoaque =29=: 334.
      on Tesque =29=: 387.
      reference to Casa Blanca by =16=: 80.

    =Domestic=
      customs, Indian =11=: 119, 178, 183, 185, 205, 275, 299.
      etiquette among the Omaha =3=: 262.
      implements of vegetal substances from Zuñi =2=: 370.
      life among the Omaha =3=: 258-275.
      life of the Eskimo =9=: 410-421.

    =Domestic Animals= of the Hopi =17=: 731.

    =Domestic Implements and Requisites= of the Guiana Indians =38=:
      p. 273-399.

    =Domestic Pottery=
      eastern United States =20=: 25 _sqq._
      eastern United States, absence of coloration in =20=: 64, 66.
      Florida Peninsula =20=: 118 _sq._
      Gulf Coast =20=: 104.
      mention of =4=: 272, 283, 306, 371.
      Middle Atlantic province =20=: 148 _sqq._
      Middle Mississippi Valley =20=: 83.
      New Jersey-New England province, condition of, on exhumation
        =20=: 175.
      South Appalachian province =20=: 132, 136.
      _See also_ =Uses=.

    =Domestic Service,= Guiana women in =38=: § 902.

    =Domestication of Animals= =15=: XCVIII, 170; =38=: p. 551-556.

    =Dominica=
      agricultural race in =34=: 26.
      Carib still living in =34=: 124.
      celt from =34=: 131.
      culture area of =34=: 123-128.
      number of specimens from =34=: 49.
      old negro culture in =34=: 124.
      sacred lake of =34=: 124.

    =Dominical Days= =19=: 705 _sq._

    =Dominguez,--=
      cited on establishment of post at Pitic =17=: 72.
      quotations from dictionary of =14=: 545.

    =Dominoes=, primitive game of =11=: 257.

    =Donado=, ecclesiastical use of term =14=: 400.

    =Donaldson,--=, on the Iroquois =19=: 485.

    =Donaldson, Thomas=
      on Cochiti =29=: 440.
      on Poguate =29=: 539.
      on San Juan =29=: 213.
      on Sia =29=: 518, 519.
      reference to work of =11=: 501.

    =Donaldson Place,= village site on =15=: 69.

    =Done=, finished, signs for =1=: 513, 522, 528.

    =Donehoo, _Rev._ George P.=, investigations of the Pennsylvania
      tribes by =31=: 8; =32=: 10.

    =Donelson, _Col._ John=
      emigration party under =19=: 56.
      on the Suck =19=: 464.

    =Donelson, S.,= grant of land to =18=: 671.

    =Doney, Benjamin,= objects collected by, from Arizona Pueblo =22,
      i=: 39, 49 _sq._

    =Doniphan’s Expedition,= reference to =28=: 68.

    =Donkeys= among the Pima =26=: 86.

    =Door Frames= of Navaho houses =17=: 492.

    =Doors=
      of Eskimo houses =18=: 243, 244.
      of various kinds, description of =8=: 182-194.
      string figure of =38=: § 643, 681.
      to ground floor rooms of Zuñi =8=: 143.

    =Doorway=
      annular =8=: 193.
      how sealed against intrusion =8=: 110.
      in form of raven =35=: 1119.
      Kin-tiel =8=: 93.
      ornamented with skulls =31=: 395.
      position of, in Tusayan =8=: 103.
      separate =32=: 118.
      stepped form, in Tusayan =8=: 109.
      use of =32=: 75.
      Walpi kiva, closed with cottonwood slab =8=: 64.
      window and chimney in one =8=: 121.

    =Doorways=
      Casa Grande =13=: 314.
      cavate lodges =13=: 222, 251.
      closed with masonry =8=: 183, 187, 188, 189.
      in cliff dwellings =13=: 347; =16=: 102, 111, 125, 128, 134, 140,
        145, 151.
      notched, in cliff dwellings =16=: 138, 164.
      of cavate homes =17=: 543, 552.
      partially closed =16=: 165.
      why made small =8=: 197.
      _See also_ =Openings=.

    =Doorways and Windows,= of Casa Grande =28=: 81, 85 _sq._

    =Doracho,= cist burial =1=: 115.

    =Dorakuara=
      Odontophorus, called =38=: § 180.
      usually among the first birds to be heard in the morning =38=:
        § 869.

    =Doran, A. J.=
      affidavit of =15=: 335.
      contract with, for Casa Grande repair =15=: 334.

    =Dorantes, Andres=
      remains in Mexico to conduct explorations =14=: 349.
      survivor of Narvaez Expedition =14=: 348.
      traces of, found by Coronado =14=: 505, 506.
      travels of =14=: 474.

    =Dorantes, Francisco=
      mistake for Andres Dorantes =14=: 348.
      _See also_ =Cabeza de Vaca=.

    =Dorasque, Panama,= method of forming numbers =19=: 917.

    =Dorchester’s Indian Policy= =18=: 604, 605.

    =Dorland, _Dr._ W. A. N.,= cited =30=: 62.

    =Dorman, Rushton M.=
      cited =12=: 609, 675, 676.
      cited on Peruvian priests =9=: 456.

    =Dorsey, _Dr._ George A.=
      acknowledgments to =24=: 29 _sq._; =29=: 12.
      ancient popguns excavated by =24=: 758.
      Arapaho legend by =24=: 619.
      information furnished by =24=: 167.
      material collected by =24=: 58, 70, 72, 85, 95, 99, 100, 101, 102,
        131, 132, 133, 136, 137, 138, 177, 185, 188, 250, 268, 275, 278,
        279, 282, 286, 290, 291, 292, 302, 305, 308, 311, 313, 318, 329,
        330, 333, 358, 443, 444, 447, 468, 470, 472, 479, 480, 481, 490,
        497, 537, 550, 555, 615, 625, 632, 642, 657, 659, 736, 741.
      models of altars prepared under direction of =19=: XLVIII.
      name of game suggested by  =24=: 527 _sq._
      on archery =24=:
        Arapaho 384.
        Makah 395, 396.
        Wichita 396.
      on ball juggling, Shoshoni =24=: 713.
      on cat’s cradle, Teton Dakota =24=: 762.
      on dice game =24=:
        Assiniboin 177.
        Blackfeet 58.
        Grosventres 70, 71, 72.
        Klamath 138.
        Makah 198.
        Navaho 95.
        Pawnee 101.
        Pomo 132.
        Ponca 188 _sq._
        Skushash 137.
        Uinta Ute 173.
        Yankton Dakota 185, 186.
      on double ball =24=:
        Klamath 659.
        Pawnee 658.
        Wichita 658.
      on four-stick game =24=:
        Klamath 329.
        Paiute 333.
      on hand game =24=:
        Arapaho 268.
        Haida 318.
        Klamath 292 _sq._
        Kutenai 286.
        Makah 322.
        Wasco 282.
        Wichita 278, 279 _sq._
      on hidden ball, Yankton Dakota =24=: 318.
      on hoop and pole =24=:
        Arapaho 443.
        Arikara 462.
        Blackfeet 444.
        Caddo 462 _sq._
        Grosventres 429, 447.
        Hopi 497 _sq._
        Klamath 479-482.
        Makah 522.
        Pawnee 468 _sq._
        Wasco 478.
        Wichita 470 _sq._
      on Quicha ceremony =19=: 453.
      on racket, Yanktonai Dakota =24=: 614.
      on ring and pin =24=:
        Assiniboin 555.
        Grosventres 537.
        Klamath 550.
        Makah 559 _sq._
        Pomo 550.
        Shoshoni 554.
      on shinny =24=:
        Arikara 462, 624.
        Grosventres 621 _sq._
        Makah 644.
        Pawnee 658.
        Wichita 626 _sqq._
      on shuttlecock, Makah =24=: 719.
      on snow-snake, Pawnee =24=: 409.
      on stick game =24=:
        Makah 264.
        Puyallup 250.
      on tops =24=:
        Klamath 741.
        Makah 749.
        Tsimshian 736.
      pottery found at Homolobi by =22, i=: 28, note.
      Skidi Pawnee myth related by =24=: 730.
      somatologic observations of =23=: XIX.
      Wichita legends related by =24=: 804 _sq._
      work of =26=: XXIV.

    =Dorsey, _Rev._ James Owen=
      acknowledgments to =7=: 142.
      a Study of Siouan Cults by =11=: 361.
      Biloxi material of =30=: 19.
      Catawba work by =7=: 112; =15=: 159.
      cited concerning Omaha names =10=: 92.
      contributor to Bureau =48=: 1189.
      correction of error concerning Great Spirit =15=: 182.
      edition of Riggs’s Dakota Grammar by =24=: 228.
      explanation of Osage records by =10=: 251.
      linguistic work of =1=: XVII; =5=: XXXII; =6=: XLVIII; =14=: XL,
        XLV; =29=: 23.
      list of clans by =37=: 191.
      list of names by =27=: 221.
      memoir by, on Siouan mythology =15=: XCIX, 205-244.
      mistaken denial of signs =1=: 326.
      monograph by =37=: 181.
      notes on Indian personal names by =10=: 446.
      obituary of =16=: LXXXII; =48=: 1221.
      office work of =6=: XLVIII.
      Omaha Sociology, paper on =3=: 205-370.
      on archery game =24=:
        Dakota 392 _sq._
        Omaha 393 _sq._
        Teton Dakota 392 _sq._
      on Biloxi-Siouan affinity =15=: 159.
      on bull-roarer, Teton Dakota =24=: 750.
      on buzz implements, Teton Dakota =24=: 757.
      on Crow habitat =7=: 114.
      on dice games, Omaha =24=: 187 _sq._
      on double ball, Omaha =24=: 663.
      on early Teton habitat =15=: 190.
      on former Siouan habitat =15=: 173.
      on former unification of Ȼegiha tribes =15=: 191.
      on grouping of Siouan tipis =15=: 172.
      on hidden ball, Omaha =24=: 366.
      on history of Siouan tribes =15=: 189.
      on hoop and pole, Omaha =24=: 514 _sqq._
      on hoop and pole, Teton Dakota =24=: 508.
      on Indian customs =4=: 52, 84, 86, 165, 167, 197.
      on Indian religious concepts =14=: 39.
      on linguistic evidence of migration =15=: 199.
      on manufacture of pottery by Omahas =20=: 187 _sq._
      on meaning of Absaruke =15=: 198.
      on minor amusements, Teton Dakota =24=: 715 _sq._
      on Omaha-Arikara alliance =7=: 60.
      on Omaha dwellings, furniture and implements =13=: LV, 263-288.
      on Omaha game =14=: 1008.
      on Omaha sociology =15=: 228.
      on Osage population in 1873 =15=: 193.
      on Pacific Coast tribes =7=: 54.
      on Ponca population in 1871 =15=: 192.
      on popgun, Teton Dakota =24=: 759.
      on popular synonym for wild rice =19=: 1023.
      on ring and pin, Teton Dakota =24=: 557.
      on “Seven Council” fires =15=: 167.
      on shinny, Omaha =24=: 641 _sq._
      on Siouan camping circles =14=: 1058.
      on Siouan divisions =15=: 159.
      on Siouan government =15=: 188.
      on Siouan medicine =9=: 452.
      on Siouan myths =19=: 432, 433, 440, 448, 449, 452, 456, 459, 463,
        465, 474.
      on Siouan names for the Sioux =14=: 1057.
      on Siouan ordination =15=: 178.
      on Siouan organization =15=: 187.
      on Siouan totems and sachems =15=: 184.
      on snow-snake, Omaha =24=: 417, 419.
      on stick games, Omaha =24=: 259.
      on stick games, Teton Dakota =24=: 258.
      on swing, Teton Dakota =24=: 731.
      on tipcat, Teton Dakota =24=: 721.
      on tops, Teton Dakota =24=: 746.
      on unclassified games, Teton Dakota =24=: 783.
      operations of =13=: XXVI, XXXIII, XXXIX.
      paper by, on Osage traditions =6=: 373-397.
      publication of memoirs by =17=: LVI, LVII.
      remarks respecting Osage traditions by =6=: LV, LVI.
      report by, on use of colors by the Osage =10=: 221.
      review of report by =11=: XLIII.
      Siouan language studied by =15=: 168.
      sketch of life of =15=: 207.
      studies of, in Amerindian symbolism =20=: 100.
      study of fraternities and cults by =19=: XLVIII.
      Takilman researches of =7=: 121.
      Tonty’s Kwapa villages identified by =15=: 193.
      value of researches of =15=: 183.
      work of =2=: XX; =3=: XXV; =8=: XXVIII _sq._; =9=: XXXVII; =10=:
        XVIII _sq._; =11=: XXIV, XXXI; =15=: XXII, XXV, XXX, XXXIV,
        XXXIX, XLI, XLIII, XLIV, XLV, LIII, LVII, LXI, LXIV, LXVII,
        LXXIII, LXXIX, LXXXIII, XCVII; =16=: XX, XXIV, XXVII, XXXI,
        XXXVI, XXXVIII, LXXI, LXXIII; =25=: XVIII.
      Yakonan researches of =7=: 142.

    =Dotames,= identification of =17=: 166.

    =Dots= connected with Maya glyphs =16=: 223, 224, 235, 238, 241,
      243, 254.

    =Doty, _Governor_ --=
      on dependence of fur trade on wild rice =19=: 1104.
      on dependence of fur traders on wild rice =19=: 1103.
      on Ojibwa eating wild rice in season with rabbit feces =19=: 1084.

    =Doty Island,= Winnebago village on =37=: 51, 80, 87.

    =Double Ball=
      general description of =24=: 561, 562, 647 _sqq._
      played by the =24=:
        Achomawi 648, 661.
        Arikara 657.
        Cheyenne 647, 649.
        Chippewa 648, 650 _sq._
        Cree 648, 652 _sq._
        Dakota, Santee 663.
        Hopi 648 _sq._
        Hupa 648, 656 _sq._
        Kaoni 660 _sq._
        Klamath 648, 659.
        Maricopa 665.
        Menominee 653.
        Missisauga 648, 653 _sq._
        Nishinam 661.
        Omaha 648, 663.
        Paiute 647, 662.
        Papago 648, 659 _sq._
        Pawnee 657 _sq._
        Pima 648, 660.
        Plains tribes 647.
        Sauk and Foxes 647, 654 _sq._
        Shasta 648, 662.
        Shoshoni 648, 662.
        Tarahumare 648.
        Tepehuan 660.
        Ute (Uinta) 663.
        Wasama 659.
        Washo 664.
        Wichita 647, 658.
        Wintun 658.
        Yurok 664.

    =Double Buttes=
      dances held near =26=: 205.
      mortar cavities at =26=: 99.

    =Double-head= (1)
      expedition against Knoxville under =19=: 75.
      hostility of, in 1794 =19=: 76.
      killing of =19=: 85.
      progressive leader =19=: 83.
      reservation for =19=: 85.
      treaty signed by (1806) =19=: 85.

    =Double-head= (2)
      Cherokee chief, secret agreement with =5=: 191, 192, 193.
      grant for =5=: 192, 193.
      leader in war with Creeks (?) =19=: 384.

    =Double-head= (3)
      cessation of reserve for =18=: 684.
      reservation for =18=: 671.

    =Double-head Tract,= controversy respecting =5=: 192.

    =Double-headed Dance=
      description of =42=: 532.
      mention of =42=: 524.

    =Double-headed Serpent=
      carving of =35=: 805, 806, 1119.
      dance =35=: 959, 1085.
      dish =35=: 805, 849, 901, 1023, 1025.
      mask of =35=: 953.
      mention of =35=: 812, 820, 952, 1117.
      representation of =35=: 816.
      sickness produced by spearing =35=: 1118.

    =Double Mountain House Group,= customs of =44=: 207.

    =Double-Star,= a sky deity =43=: 74.

    =Double Woman,= mythic =11=: 480.

    =Doubt,= sign for =1=: 512.

    =Dougherty, ----=
      on firearms =13=: 288.
      on games with cards =3=: 341.
      on horse equipage =13=: 280.
      on killickinnick =3=: 310.
      on marriage customs =3=: 259, 263.
      on number of children =3=: 264.
      on Omaha bow-wood =13=: 285.
      on Omaha child-bearing age =3=: 267.
      on plumstone shooting =3=: 334.

    =Dougherty, Cornelius=
      establishment of, as trader among Cherokee =19=: 31.
      Wafford’s relationship with =19=: 238.

    =Doughnuts,= preparation of =30=: 71.

    =Douglas, _General_ --,= defeat of Texas Cherokee by =19=: 145.

    =Douglas, _Professor_ --,= remarks by, on cup sculptures =10=: 198.

    =Douglas, _Dr._ A. E.,= date fixed by, from charred timbers =48=:
      10.

    =Douglas Fir=
      medicinal use of =45=: 474, 494, 505.
      use of, as food =45=: 483.

    =Douglas Spruce,= use of, in ceremonies =30=: 97.

    =Douglass, --,= report concerning Paiute timber reserve by =18=:
      833.

    =Douglass, James,= visit of, to Big Bone Lick =42=: 790.

    =Douglass, W. B.=
      data collected by =29=: 20.
      on Bald Mountain =29=: 125.

    =Dousman, H. L.,= mound on land of =12=: 68.

    =Dove,= in Pima tales =26=: 245, 250.

    =Dove Clan.= _See_ =Hüwû=.

    =Doves, Two Little,= story about =43=: 349-353.

    =Dow, Lorenzo=
      on the Kentucky revival =14=: 943.
      trail followed by =42=: 828.

    =Dowling, Thomas, _jr._=
      acknowledgments to =15=: 17; =20=: 16.
      collections of =15=: 69, 125.
      quartzite blades found by =15=: 79.

    =Dowling Place,= chipped stones found on =15=: 69.

    =Down=
      eagle, symbolism of =22, ii=: 41, 236, 247.
      of birds in ceremonial observances =9=: 533 _sqq._

    =Down-fended,= definition of =21=: 142, 255.

    =“Down-fended” Virgin= =32=: 510.

    =Down Roll,= in Pima mythology =26=: 366.

    =Downing, Alfred,= petroglyphs described by =10=: 123.

    =Downs, _Miss_ Mildred=
      assistance of =38=: p. 15.
      work of =37=: 19, 20.

    =Doyle, --,= quoted on Colonial policy toward Indians =18=: 600,
      609, 632.

    =Dozier, _Father_ Thomas S.=
      acknowledgments to =29=: 38.
      material collected by =24=: 368.
      on archery, Tewa =24=: 395.
      on ball race, Tewa =24=: 681.
      on dice games, Tewa =24=: 194.
      on European games, Tewa =24=: 797.
      on hidden ball, Tewa =24=: 368 _sq._
      on shinny, Tewa =24=: 643.
      on stone throwing, Tewa =24=: 728.
      on tops, Tewa =24=: 748.
      reference to =29=: 224; =47=: 304.

    =Drab Flute (Macileñya) Altar,= at Mishongnovi =19=: 989.

    =Dracontium Dubium,= for snake bite =38=: § 929.

    =Drag Handles,= used by the Eskimo =18=: 172.

    =Dragging-Canoe=
      chief of Chickamauga band =19=: 63.
      enmity to Americans of =19=: 54.

    =Dragon Fly=
      as a sign of rain =17=: 630; =38=: § 938.
      as a symbol =39=: 50.
      design on Pueblo pottery, cut showing =22, i=: 147.
      in Cherokee lore =19=: 431.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 363 _sq._
      in Pima song =26=: 294.
      reference to the =22, i=: 81.
      string figure of =38=: § 691.
      symbol on pottery =17=: 669, 680 _sqq._

    =Dragonfly Clan,= error regarding =42=: 120.

    =Dragon’s Head,= effigy of, in Santa Rita mound =19=: 689.

    =Dragoons=
      expedition of, in 1834 =17=: 169.
      First, expedition of, among the Kiowa =17=: 262 _sq._

    =Dragoon Fork=
      application of name =28=: 199.
      _See also_ =Sycamore Canyon=.

    =Drags= for hauling seal =9=: 256-259.

    =Drainage= of roof, relations of certain roof openings to =8=: 203
      _sq._

    =Drains=
      in Casa Blanca =16=: 110.
      of roofs, description of =8=: 153-156.
      _See also_ =Roof Drains=.

    =Drake, ----=
      on Cherokee chiefs in Creek war =19=: 97.
      on Cherokee government =19=: 107.
      on Chief McGillivray =19=: 210.
      on Chief McIntosh =19=: 217.
      on Creek war =19=: 90-93, 96.
      on events preceding removal =19=: 125.
      on Fort Mims massacre =19=: 216.
      on Georgia acts affecting Cherokee =19=: 117, 221.
      on imprisonment of missionaries =19=: 120.
      on Indian civilized government =19=: 113.
      on Ross’s arrest =19=: 123.
      on scalping by whites =19=: 209.
      on Shawano =19=: 495.
      on Tecumtha =19=: 216.
      on Wayne’s victory =19=: 213.
      on Weatherford =19=: 217.
      on Rev. S. A. Worcester =19=: 218.

    =Drake, B.=
      on losses at Prophet’s Town =14=: 689.
      on Tecumtha =14=: 672, 684, 686, 691.

    =Drake, Daniel,= description of shell vessels by =2=: 197.

    =Drake, Francis,= on Indian giants =14=: 485.

    =Drake, Samuel G.=
      advocates Indian origin of mounds =5=: 84.
      on Assiniboin population =15=: 191.
      on Crow habitat in 1834 =15=: 98.
      on mound-builders =12=: 600.
      quoted on Massachusetts’ Indian policy =18=: 607.

    =Drama=
      absence of, among Omaha =27=: 369.
      closing ceremonies of =23=: 203, 204.
      division of, how made =23=: 181.
      nature and development of =19=: LXXVII-LXXXI.
      participants in =23=: 182.
      participants in, feast of =23=: 197.
      participants in, selection of =23=: 181.
      reasons for =23=: 180.
      table of participants in =23=: 181, 182.
      Zuñi, definition of =13=: 375.

    =Dramatic Element= in Tusayan ritual =15=: 253.

    =Dramaturgy= among Siouan tribes =15=: 169.

    =Draper, _Dr._ Lyman C.=
      on Eleazer Williams =14=: 23.
      on Indian trade in maple sugar =20=: 33.
      quoted on Oshkosh =14=: 46.
      quoted on Tshe katsha kemau =14=: 45.

    =Draper, Va.,= trail by =42=: 759.

    =Draper’s Meadows,= references to massacre of =42=: 742.

    =Draves Mound,= location of =37=: 99.

    =Drawing=
      by the Eskimo =18=: 197 _sq._
      instruments for =10=: 219.

    =Drawing Knife,= occurrence of, in Georgia mound =20=: 139.

    =Dream=
      chief told of powerful enemy to be met =32=: 346.
      of supernatural being =35=: 946.
      warning against very large man =32=: 344.
      warning to attack enemy =32=: 345.
      warning to change course of warpath =32=: 342.

    =Dream Designs=
      discussion of =41=: 301 _sqq._
      explanation of =41=: 451.
      use of =41=: 339.
      use of the term =41=: 387.

    =Dream Spirit,= belief in =30=: 152 _sq._, 154.

    =Dream Wi´-gi-e,= mention of =45=: 610-614.

    =Dream Word,= guessing of =32=: 597.

    =Dreamer Religion= in the Northwest =14=: 713, 719.

    =Dreamer Society= of the Menomini =14=: 63, 157-171.

    =Dreams=
      among the Tlingit =26=: 459.
      as omens =35=: 642, 643.
      as part of Shaker religion =14=: 748.
      as viewed by the Pima =26=: 253 _sq._
      belief in =42=: 515.
      beliefs concerning =11=: 200, 395, 500, 510, 516; =30=: 165, 342;
        =43=: 274 _sq._; =44=: 255; =46=: 494 _sq._; =47=: 247, 481.
      confounded by Indians =14=: 666.
      designs connected with =45=: 428-431.
      divination by =14=: 716, 723.
      effect of certain =14=: 262.
      explanation of =35=: 725.
      heraldic designs revealed in =23=: XXIII.
      importance attached to =42=: 409.
      in ancient times =14=: 929.
      Indian belief in =14=: 673.
      influence of, among northern Indians =11=: 272.
      interpretation of =30=: 341 _sq._
      Kiowa regard for =17=: 237.
      legends concerning =30=: 342.
      meaning of =35=: 707, 708.
      means of inducing =35=: 707.
      mention of =33=: 334, 356, 374, 376, 456, 500, 502, 522, 618, 651,
        654, 656; =35=: 1328.
      Pima notion of =28=: 50.
      relation of, to visions, in Pawnee philosophy =22, ii=: 121, 122.
      scarification as a result of =14=: 898.
      sexual, meaning of =35=: 642, 643.
      symbols adopted after =46=: 412.
      testing magic power of =32=: 394-398.
      Wi´-gi-e of =39=: 138-144.
      with Pima medicine-men =26=: 257.
      _See also_ =Dream=; =Hypnotism=; =Trance=; =Visions=.

    =Drennan, John,= authorized to pay Cherokee claims =5=: 312.

    =Drennon’s Lick, Ky.=
      buffalo roads to =42=: 742.
      trail to =42=: 788.

    =Drennon’s Springs,= mention of =42=: 788.

    =Dresden Codex=
      _ahau_ symbol in =16=: 263.
      _akbal_ symbol in =16=: 221.
      _ben_ symbol in =16=: 245.
      bird symbols in =16=: 225, 251.
      burden-bearers symbolized in =16=: 247.
      _caban_ day symbol in =16=: 254.
      _ceh_ symbol in =16=: 249.
      _chac_ symbol in =16=: 225 _sq._
      _chuen_ symbol in =16=: 241.
      _cib_ symbol in =16=: 231.
      _cimi_ symbol in =16=: 231.
      cited =19=: 715-732, 757, 758, 793, 794, 797, 799, 805, 808, 813,
        814, 815.
      discussion of symbols in =16=: 213, 233, 240, 255, 260, 261.
      Dominical days of =19=: 705.
      _eb_ symbol in =16=: 243.
      figures from, illustrating Mayan chronologic system =22, i=: 217,
        259, 282, 297.
      _ix_ symbol in =16=: 248.
      _kan_ symbol in =16=: 229.
      long-nose deity in =16=: 258.
      _men_ symbol in =16=: 250.
      mention of =3=: 23.
      _mol_ symbol in =16=: 224, 238.
      _muluc_ symbol in =16=: 237, 238.
      numerals in =6=: 261-338.
      _oc_ symbol in =16=: 239.
      plates from, discussion of =22, i=: 237 _sqq._, 243-248, 286-290.
      _quetzal_ symbol in =16=: 224.
      serpent symbol in =16=: 256.
      vigesimal system used in =22, i=: 234.
      _xul_ symbol in =16=: 225.

    =Dress=
      ceremonial, of the Menomini =14=: 74, 264.
      change in, of Lower Creeks =42=: 332.
      Cherokee, in 1800 =19=: 82.
      Cherokee, in 1819 =19=: 137.
      description of =45=: 70, 71, 336.
      East Cherokee =19=: 166, 176.
      for burial =47=: 482 _sq._
      for dances =42=: 524 _sq._, 671.
      head =38=: § 518.
      of ball players, myth concerning =43=: 157.
      of fire-makers =42=: 583, 594.
      of maturing girls =35=: 701.
      of men =47=: 232.
      of Omaha dancers =3=: 344, 346, 348, 349, 350, 352, 353.
      of priests =43=: 710.
      of Southeast tribes =42=: 681 _sqq._, 685 _sq._
      of the Chickasaw =44=: 241.
      of the dead =44=: 241.
      of the Tsimshian in olden times =31=: 52.
      of Upper Creeks =42=: 333.
      of warrior when crowned =42=: 420.
      of women =47=: 232.
      of women, Kwakiutl =35=: 118, 186, 189, 195, 197, 198, 200, 208,
        210, 213, 219, 221.
      of women, Okanagan =45=: 233.
      representation of, on effigy vases, Middle Mississippi Valley
        group =20=: 57.
      _See also_ =Adornment=; =Clothing=; =Costumes=; =Headdress=.

    =Dress and Adornment=
      of the Zuñi =23=: 369-372.
      of the Zuñi men =23=: 369, 370.
      of the Zuñi women =23=: 370, 371.
      used in Ojibwa dances =7=: 298, 299.

    =Dress and Ornament= of the Tsimshian =31=: 398.

    =Dreuillettes, G.,= on the Green Bay tribes =14=: 51.

    =Drew, _Colonel_ --=
      commander of Cherokee regiment =19=: 149.
      of the Cherokee Confederate Regiment =5=: 329.

    =Drew, Benjamin,= on Schiller’s “Burial Song” =1=: 110.

    =Drew, E. P.,= on Siuslaw habitat =7=: 134.

    =Drew’s Ranch=
      reference to =28=: 210.
      ruins on =28=: 211.

    =Drexel Mission= during Wounded Knee trouble =14=: 874.

    =Dried Buffalo Skull,= mystery decoration of =11=: 396.

    =Drifting Goose’s Band,= land cessions and reservations by =18=:
      896, 902.

    =Driftwood=
      Eskimo building of =18=: 244, 246, 252, 258.
      Eskimo implements made of =18=: 116.
      Eskimo transportation apparatus made of =18=: 206, 217.
      mention of =46=: 182, 183.
      on Alaskan coast, abundance of =18=: 24.
      use of, for burials =46=: 90.
      use of, for fuel =35=: 181, 256, 281, 287, 296.

    =Driftwood Mountain= in Pima myth =26=: 213.

    =Drill=
      balances from Sikyatki graves =17=: 740.
      bows of the Eskimo =9=: 176-182; =18=: 82 _sqq._
      caps of the Eskimo =18=: 84 _sq._
      fire, of the Navaho =17=: 501.

    =Drilling= (1)
      Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 32.
      Eskimo tents made of =18=: 260.
      Eskimo transportation apparatus made of =18=: 217.

    =Drilling= (2)
      by the Guiana Indians =38=: §19, 20.
      by the Menomini =14=: 264.
      how accomplished =13=: 164.
      with grass stalks =13=: 279.

    =Drills=
      classification of =44=: 94.
      discussion of =15=: 85.
      distribution of =15=: 142.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 175-182, 189; =18=: 76, 81 _sq._
      use of, as projectile points =15=: 83.
      _See also_ =Perforator=.

    =Drink=
      dance and debauchery =38=: § 583.
      for visitors =38=: § 280, 810, 811.
      sign for =1=: 301, 344, 357.
      souring of =30=: 180.
      use of vessels to hold, in burial =20=: 39, 40.
      varieties of =38=: p. 226-234.
      _See also_ =Drinks=.

    =Drinker, The=
      in Pima legend =28=: 43 _sq._, 61.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 212 _sq._

    =Drinking=
      and eating =38=: p. 235-239.
      before and after meals =35=: 377.
      before meals =35=: 314, 319, 321, 327, 328, 331, 334, 347, 352,
        356, 367, 380.
      custom, to obtain luck =42=: 521.
      reeds and tubes, use of, among Indians =9=: 493-498.
      vessels of the Eskimo =9=: 101-105.
      vessels of the Omaha =13=: 277.

    =Drinking Cups=
      ceremonial, Gulf Coast group =20=: 107.
      in imitation of conch shells, Middle Mississippi Valley group
        =20=: 94.
      of the Seri Indians =17=: 185* _sq._
      _See also_ =Domestic Pottery=.

    =Drinking Trough= =38=: § 377.

    =Drinking Tube= =35=: 700.

    =Drinks=
      and drugs used by Indian medicine-men =9=: 454, 455 _sq._
      of the Chippewa =44=: 317.
      of the Omaha =3=: 209.
      of the Point Barrow Eskimo =9=: 64 _sq._
      _See also_ =Drink=.

    =Driving for Game= =38=: § 157.

    =Drives= of waterfowl made by Eskimo =18=: 135.

    =Dropseed Grass,= use of, in mats =30=: 81.

    =Droppers=
      discussion of =41=: 368 _sqq._
      Lillooet work distinguished by =41=: 242.
      use of, in ornamentation =41=: 230, 231, 232.

    =Dropsy=
      among the Indians =4=: 113.
      remedies for =42=: 655, 657, 663, 665.

    =Drought,= Pueblo fear of =23=: 181.

    =Drowning,= reluctance to interfere with the =30=: 181 _sq._

    =Drowning Bear.= _See_ =Yonaguska=.

    =Drugs,= Zuñi use of =47=: 489.

    =Druggist’s Mortar.= _See_ =Mortar=.

    =Drui,= dance club =38=: § 593.

    =Drum, _Colonel_ --=
      Indian police praised by =14=: 860.
      ordered to arrest Sitting Bull =14=: 855.

    =Drum=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi katcinas =21=: 107.
      at Pecos =14=: 491.
      ceremonial filling of =40=: 97.
      ceremonial making of =40=: 41.
      ceremonial preparation of =40=: 40.
      description of =27=: 371; =37=: 384.
      in Caddo mythology =14=: 1093.
      in Crow dance =14=: 922.
      in Feast of Hoⁿ´hewachi =27=: 500 _sq._, 507.
      in Hethu´shka Society ceremonies =27=: 461, 466.
      in Pebble society ceremonies =27=: 566.
      in Shell society ceremonies =27=: 520, 523, 533.
      in Smohalla ritual =14=: 725.
      in treatment of disease =27=: 582 _sq._
      in war =38=: § 758.
      medicine of the Menomini =14=: 77, 112.
      mystic power of =14=: 93.
      of the Guiana Indians =38=: § 577-581.
      of the Kwakiutl =35=: 320, 763, 772, 789.
      of the Nenenot =11=: 322, 324.
      of the Paiute =15=: 276.
      significance of =14=: 159.
      symbol in Maya codex =16=: 224.
      Tlingit house group name =26=: 404.
      used at dances =44=: 257.
      used in ceremony =30=: 43, 55.
      used in Menomini jugglery =14=: 63.
      used in moccasin game =14=: 242, 243.
      used in Tusayan ceremonies =15=: 278, 280, 282, 285, 297.
      _See also_ =Drums=.

    =Drum-beating.= _See_ =Musical Accompaniment=.

    =Drummer=
      appearance of, in Hopi festivals =21=: 94.
      duties of =40=: 277

    =Drums=
      ceremonial, of the Hako =22, ii=: 247.
      construction of =42=: 521, 600.
      description of =46=: 619.
      importance of =45=: 164.
      magic =10=: 514-517.
      of kachinas =47=: 873.
      of the ancient Chiriqui =6=: 157, 160.
      of the Cherokee =19=: 397, 493, 503.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 385; =18=: 350-353.
      of the Omaha =13=: 282.
      pottery, use of, by American aborigines =20=: 34 _sq._
      use of, in procession =47=: 319.
      _See also_ =Drum=.

    =Drumsticks=
      appearance of, in pictures of Hopi kachinas =21=: 107.
      of the Eskimo =9=: 388.

    =Drunken Dance=
      description of =42=: 534.
      season closed with =42=: 534, 556, 610.

    =Drunken Man’s Dance=, description of =44=: 257.

    =Drunkenness=
      absence of, at Cibola =14=: 518.
      account of =27=: 618 _sq._
      among the Creeks =42=: 433.
      among the Guiana Indians =38=: § 280.
      among the Menomini =14=: 34.
      among the Tahus =14=: 574.
      broken up among Omahas =3=: 370.

    =Dry.= _See_ =Sika·tcu=.

    =Drying=
      Catawba pottery =20=: 54, 55.
      Cherokee pottery =20=: 56.
      eastern United States pottery =20=: 52.
      Pawnee pottery =20=: 59.
      _See also_ =Manufacture=.

    =Drying-frame=, for making berry cakes =35=: 260, 271, 278.

    =Drying of the World=, Zuñi myth =2=: 13.

    =Drying Rack=
      for seaweed =35=: 293.
      mention of =35=: 233, 238.

    =Drymocallis Arguta=, use of =44=: 289, 338, 344, 350.

    =Dsilyi´ Neyáni=
      home of the bears seen by =5=: 447 _sqq._
      introduction of ceremonials by =5=: 409 _sqq._
      origin of the name =5=: 404.
      prayer to =5=: 420, 421, 465.
      return of, to the gods =5=: 417.
      story of =5=: 387-417.
      tradition of great interest in study of Indian myths =5=: XLV.
      visit of, to Lodge of Dew =5=: 450, 451.
      visit of, to the home of the snakes =5=: 446, 447.

    =Dsilyídje qaçàl=
      ceremonies of =5=: 418-444.
      origin of myth of =5=: 387-417.
      sacrifices of =5=: 451-455.
      the great pictures of =5=: 444-451.

    =Du Chesneau, --,= quoted on French policy toward Indians =18=: 549.

    =Du Halde, P.,= cited on cords worn by Tibetan lamas =9=: 561.

    =Du Pratz, Le Page=
      Caluça described by =42=: 39.
      description of pottery by =4=: 371.
      description of temple by =41=: 507 _sq._
      on Caddoan habitat =7=: 61.
      on certain southern tribes =7=: 66.
      on hoop and pole, Cherokee, Creeks =24=: 487.
      on hoop and pole, Natchez =24=: 488.
      on Indian salt making =20=: 31.
      on Louisiana basketry =13=: 16.
      on Louisiana cane rafts =13=: 15.
      on Louisiana clothing =13=: 22, 25, 32, 33.
      on Louisiana dyes =13=: 20.
      on Louisiana embroidery =13=: 28.
      on Louisiana feather work =13=: 27.
      on Louisiana nets =13=: 27.
      on Louisiana sieves =13=: 17.
      on Louisiana textile cradles =13=: 18.
      on Natchez organization =42=: 91.
      on Oto habitat =15=: 195.
      on pottery making by Louisiana Indians =20=: 57, 102.
      on the Na’htchi language =7=: 96.
      on tossed ball, Natchez =24=: 710.
      on use of color by Natchez =20=: 63.
      on use of shell for tempering by Natchitoches =20=: 48.
      quoted =12=: 617, 653, 665, 677, 682.

    =Du Tertre, --,= mention of =25=: 68.

    =Dual Divisions=
      among the Chickasaw =44=: 193.
      discussion of =44=: 193-196.
      of clans, names of =42=: 156 _sq._
      of clans, origin myth of =42=: 157.

    =Dual Existence= of animals, Eskimo belief in =18=: 394 _sq._, 425.

    =Du´bamoⁿthiⁿ=, remarks of =27=: 637 _sq._

    =Dublin, J. L.,= mention of =46=: 322.

    =Dubois, Barent,= informations from =42=: 505, 510.

    =Dubuque County, Iowa=, mounds in =5=: 31, 32.

    =Duburi-kaiasanna=, type of fan =38=: § 367.

    =Ducalli=, fruit-glue for stone-chip grater =38=: §335.

    =Ducatel, _Prof._ I. I.=
      on double ball, Chippewa =24=: 650.
      on hidden ball, Chippewa =24=: 341 _sq._
      on racket, Chippewa =24=: 567.
      on ring and pin, Chippewa =24=: 534.
      on snow-snake, Chippewa =24=: 401.

    =Duchi=, native name for seat =34=: 246.

    =Duck=
      a man-being in Iroquoian cosmology =21=: 175.
      domestication of the =38=: § 724.
      hunting of the =38=: § 182.
      importance of, as gleaners of wasted wild rice =19=: 1098 _sq._
      in Arapaho mythology =14=: 959.
      in Menomini mythology =14=: 163, 203, 254.
      in Pima mythology =26=: 232, 248.
      in Zuñi mythology =13=: 407.
      mythic part played by the, in bringing wild rice to the Ojibwa
        =19=: 1094.
      myths concerning, Cherokee =19=: 266 _sq._, 412.
      personation of, in Hopi ceremony =16=: 308.
      pottery figure of =38=: § 96.
      representations of, Florida Peninsula pottery =20=: 123, 124, 126.
      representations of, Gulf Coast pottery =20=: 107, 108.
      skin of, Eskimo ceremonial objects made of =18=: 419.
      skin of, Eskimo clothing made of =18=: 31.
      _See also_ =Bird=; =Ducks=.

    =Duck Dance=
      description of =42=: 529 _sq._; =46=: 562.
      mention of =42=: 523, 524.
      =Duck Katcina.= _See_ =Pawik=.

    =Duck River, Tenn.=
      fortified Indian town on =41=: 496.
      petroglyphs on =10=: 114.
      trail from settlements on =42=: 853.

    =Duck-shaped Vessel= from Chevlon, cut showing =22, i=: 67.

    =Duck Valley Reserve=
      authority for establishment of =18=: 828.
      change in =18=: 920.
      establishment of =18=: 890.

    =Ducklar=, taming of =38=: § 724.

    =Ducks=
      Eskimo method of catching =18=: 134 _sq._
      eyes of, used as dice =32=: 354.
      heads, necks, and breasts of, in Hako ceremony =22, ii=: 20.
      legend concerning =30=: 124 _sq._
      Seri method of catching =17=: 191*.
      symbolism of =22, ii=: 21, 40, 175.
      throwing stones at, causes snowstorm =31=: 449.
      use of, to paddle canoes =32=: 218, 221, 222.
      _See also_ =Duck=.

    =Duckworth, W. L. H.,= cited =46=: 230, 231, 256, 306, 307, 313,
      326, 368.

    =Ducoin, Ellen=
      grant of land to =18=: 665.
      _See also_ =Decoigne=.

    =Duddeley, _Sir_ Robert,= journey of, through Trinidad =34=: 64.

    =Duelling= among northern Indians =11=: 271.

    =Duerden, _Dr._ J. E.=
      Antillean pottery figured by =25=: 189.
      on certain mortars =25=: 106.
      on Jamaican amulets =25=: 140.
      on Jamaican idols =25=: 198 _sq._
      on Jamaican pestles =25=: 105.
      on Jamaican pictography =25=: 148.

    =Duff, N. Francis,= on prehistoric ruins of Rio Tularosa =22, i=:
      180.

    =Duflot de Mofras, Eugène de=
      cited =7=: 92.
      on Pimería, quoted by Buschmann =26=: 76.
      Soledad, language of =7=: 102.

    =Dufouri, _Rev._ J. H.,= on Tesuque =29=: 387.

    =Dufur, H. H.,= report on Warm Springs Reserve by =18=: 946.

    =Dugout=
      corial, etc. =38=: § 792-797.
      mention of =37=: 123.

    =Duhos=
      Antillean =25=: 157, 200 _sq._, 202-207.
      from Battowia =34=: 89.
      grinders mistaken for =34=: 222.
      of stone =34=: 223-226.

    =Duk-Duk Mask= =3=: 99 _sqq._

    =Dukwalli=, mask ceremony =3=: 107 =sqq.=

    =Dulhut, Daniel Greyselon,= cited on Indian beliefs =11=: 43.

    =Dull Knife=, a Cheyenne leader =14=: 1025.

    =Dumas, Alexandre,= on Sicilian signs =1=: 295.

    =Dumbarton Heights=, quarry shops in =15=: 62, 116.

    =Dumb-bell Mounds= =37=: 93, 100.

    =Dummer, Jeremiah,= quoted on Maine’s Indian policy =18=: 609.

    =Dummor, _Gov._ W.,= treaty made by =43=: 174.

    =Dumont, --,= description of pottery by =4=: 275, 276, 371.

    =Dumont, Enrique,= on Porto Rican pictography =25=: 149.

    =Dumont, G. M.,= cited =12=: 653, 657, 682, 686.

    =Dumont, M. Butel de=
      on house burial =1=: 124.
      _See also_ =Butel-Dumont=.

    =Dumpling Dance=
      mention of =42=: 561, 606.
      performance of =42=: 610.

    =Dunbar, John B.=
      on archery, Pawnee =24=: 386.
      on ethnology of the Arapaho =14=: 1013.
      on hoop and pole, Pawnee =24=: 463 _sq._
      on Pawnee runners =17=: 260.
      on Pawnee chronology =17=: 370 _sq._
      quoted on Pawnee habitat =7=: 60.

    =Dunbar, _Mrs._ R. E.,= on tribal games, Catawba =24=: 611.

    =Dunbar, U. S. J.=
      lay figures modeled by =16=: LVIII.
      quarry figures prepared by =15=: 44.

    =Duncan--=
      New Metla Katla founded by =26=: 414.
      quoted =31=: 44 _sq._

    =Duncan, _Prof._ Clinton,= on effect of Georgia laws against
      Cherokee =19=: 118.

    =Duncan, Robert,= on moccasin game, Delawares =24=: 342 _sq._

    =Duncan, William,= settlement of Chimmesyan tribes by =7=: 65.

    =Dundy, Judge --,= on legal status of Indians =27=: 51.

    =Dunlap, General --,= on removal treaty, etc. =19=: 128.

    =Dunlap, Robert,= acknowledgments to =14=: 655.

    =Dunlap, R. G.,= speech of, on Cherokee affairs =5=: 285.

    =Dunlap, _Mrs._ R. R.,= on football, Catawba =24=: 704.

    =Dunlop, W. W. C.,= amulet sent by =43=: 18.

    =Dunmoi, Laura,= Äpiatañ’s letter read by =14=: 911.

    =Dunmore War=, use of trails in =42=: 766, 767.

    =Dunn, --,= in Sioux outbreak =14=: 865.

    =Dunn, D. R.=
      acknowledgments to =19=: 13.
      on McNair’s grave =19=: 222.

    =Dunn, Jacob P.=
      acknowledgments to =29=: 12.
      linguistic work of =29=: 23.
      manuscript by =30=: 24.
      manuscript deposited by =36=: 28.
      mention of =32=: 28.
      study of, of tribes of the Middle West =31=: 8, 20; =32=: 10.
      work of =30=: 10, 21; =34=: 24 _sq._

    =Dunn, John,= on hand game, Chinook =24=: 282.

    =Dunn, John=, inclosure on farm of =12=: 513.

    =Dunning, E. O.=
      exploration of mounds in East Tennessee by =12=: 359, 369.
      on stone grave mounds in Valley of the Little Tennessee =5=: 78,
        79.
      pins collected by =2=: 215.
      shell ornaments collected by =2=: 272.

    =Dupe,= sign for =1=: 305.

    =Duponceau Collection,= Salishan vocabulary of the =7=: 103.

    =Dupuis, ----=, cited on castration of priests of Cybele =9=: 454.

    =Durability= of Potomac-Chesapeake ware =20=: 151.

    =Duralde, M.,= linguistic material of =30=: 18.

    =Duran, Diego=
      interpretation of calendars by =3=: 44 _sqq._, 48, 49, 53.
      on clay eating by Mexicans =9=: 538.
      on cords among the Mexicans =9=: 558.
      on Indian drinking tubes =9=: 495, 496.
      on Indian idol of dough =9=: 524, 525, 529.
      on Mexican headdress =9=: 582.
      on Mexican priests =9=: 454, 456, 464.
      on sacred meal of Indians =9=: 510.
      on the Teotleco =15=: 272.

    =Duran y Chávas, _Don_ Fernando,= mention of =47=: 28.

    =Durango=
      a Mexican state =14=: 545.
      Kiowa raids near =17=: 165.
      mines in =14=: 476.
      province of New Spain =14=: 353.

    =Durant, George,= purchase of land by =18=: 625 _sq._

    =Durkheim, _Prof._ Émile,= mention of =31=: 516, 517.

    =Duro,