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´╗┐Title: Stories from The Arabian Nights
Author: Housman, Laurence
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Stories from The Arabian Nights" ***

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Archive. Plates are kindly provided by the National Library
of New Zealand.

Stories from

The Arabian Nights

Retold by Laurence Housman


With Drawings by Edmund Dulac

Hodder and Stoughton

Publishers, London

[Illustration: Scheherazad\xE8, the heroine of the Thousand and One


Scheherazad\xE8, the heroine of the Thousand and one Nights, ranks among
the great story-tellers of the world much as does Penelope among the
weavers. Procrastination was the basis of her art; for though the
task she accomplished was splendid and memorable, it is rather in
the quantity than the quality of her invention--in the long spun-out
performance of what could have been done far more shortly--that she
becomes a figure of dramatic interest. The idea which binds the stories
together is greater and more romantic than the stories themselves;
and though, both in the original and in translation, the diurnal
interruption of their flow is more and more taken for granted, we
are never quite robbed of the sense that it is Scheherazad\xE8 who is
speaking--Scheherazad\xE8, loquacious and self-possessed, sitting up
in bed at the renewed call of dawn to save her neck for the round
of another day. Here is a figure of romance worth a dozen of the
prolix stories to which it has been made sponsor; and often we may
have followed the fortunes of some shoddy hero and heroine chiefly to
determine at what possible point of interest the narrator could have
left hanging that frail thread on which for another twenty-four hours
her life was to depend.

Yes, the idea is delightful; and, with the fiction of Scheherazad\xE8 to
colour them, the tales acquire a rank which they would not otherwise
deserve; their prolixity is then the crowning point of their art, their
sententious truisms have a flavour of ironic wit, their repetitions
become humorous, their trivialities a mark of light-hearted courage;
even those deeper indiscretions, which Burton has so faithfully
recorded, seem then but a wise adaptation of vile means to a noble
end. And yet we know that it is not so; for, as a matter of fact,
the "Arabian Nights Entertainment" is but a miscellany gathered from
various sources, of various dates, and passing down to us, even in its
collocated form, under widely differing versions. None but scholars
can know how little of the unadulterated originals has come into our
possession; and only those whose pious opinions shut their eyes to
obvious facts can object in principle to the simplification of a form
which, from the point of view of mere story-telling, can so easily be
bettered. Even the more accurate of the versions ordinarily available
are full of abridgement, alteration, and suppression; and if you have
to eliminate Scheherazad\xE8 and select your stories mainly with a view
to illustration, then you have very largely done away with the reasons
for treating tenderly that prolixity which in an impatient age tends to
debar readers from an old classic.

And so, in the present version, whoever shall care to make comparison
will find that the original material has been treated with considerable
freedom in the direction of brevity, and with an almost uniform
departure from the exact text, save where essentials of plot or
character or local colour required a closer, accuracy. In the case
also of conflicting versions, there has been no reluctance to choose
and combine in order to secure a livelier result; and a further
freedom has sometimes been taken of giving to an incident more meaning
and connexion than has been allowed to it in the original. That is,
perhaps, the greatest licence of all, but it is the one that does
least harm in formal result; for no one can read the majority of the
tales in their accepted versions without perceiving that, as regards
construction and the piecing of event with event, they are either
incredibly careless or discreditably perfunctory. We have to reckon
with them as the product of a race keenly alive to the value of colour
and pictorial description, but a race whose constructive imagination
was feeble and diffuse, lacking almost entirely that great essential
for the development of art in its finer forms--the economy of means
toward ends.

But because they contain, though at a low pressure, the expression
of so much life, habit and custom, so many coloured and secluded
interiors, so quaint a commingling of crowds, so brilliant and moving
a pageantry of Eastern medi\xE6valism, because of all these things the
"Arabian Nights" will still retain their perennial charm. Those of
us who read are all travellers; and never is our travelling sense so
awakened perhaps, as when we dip into a book such as this where the
incredible and the common-place are so curiously blended, and where
Jinn and Efreet and Magician have far less interest for us now than the
silly staring crowds, and the bobbing camels in the narrow streets, and
Scheherazad\xE8 spinning her poor thin yarn of wonders that she may share
for another night the pillow of a homicidal maniac.


The Fisherman and the Genie

The Story of the King of the Ebony Isles

Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves

The Story of the Magic Horse

The Story of the Wicked Half-Brothers

The Story of the Princess of Deryabar


 1. Scheherazad\xE8, the heroine of the Thousand and One

 2. And there in its midst stood a mighty Genie.

 3. When having brought into submission all the rest of my race.

 4. No sooner had the monarch seen them, so strange of form and so
    brilliant and diverse in hue.

 5. Thereupon the damsel upset the pan into the fire.

 6. Recalling the fisherman by a swift messenger.

 7. He arrived within sight of a palace of shining marble.

 8. The Queen of the Ebony Isles.

 9. Supposing me asleep, they began to talk.

10. The cup of wine which she gives him each night contains a

11. She went on to vent her malice upon the city and islands.

12. Began to heap upon me terms of the most violent and shameful

13. Thus by her wicked machinations the city became a lake.

14. Great was the astonishment of the Vizier and the Sultan's escort.

15. Their chief in a low but distinct voice uttered the two words
   "Open Sesame!".

16. Ali Baba departed for the town a well satisfied man.

17. As soon as he came in she began to jeer at him.

18. Greater still was the exultation of a greedy nature like that
    of Cassim's.

19. Mustapha doubted much of his ability to refrain from question.

20. This way and that she led him blindfold.

21. Having transformed himself by disguise.

22. "Sir," said he, "I have brought my oil a great distance to sell

23. She poured into each jar in turn a sufficient quantity of the
    boiling oil to scald its occupant to death.

24. When Morgiana, who had remained all this time on the watch.

25. Then for the last figure of all she drew out the dagger.

26. At so arrogant a claim all the courtiers burst into loud

27. As he descended, the daylight in which hitherto he had been
    travelling faded from view.

28. He saw black eunuchs lying asleep.

29. She gave orders for a rich banquet to be prepared.

30. Till the tale of her mirror contented her.

31. She cried: "O miserable man, what sorry watch is this that thou
    hast kept".

32. All this time the Princess had been watching the combat from
    the roof of the palace.

33. In the garden of the summer palace all was silence and solitude.

34. Sat by the lake and solaced themselves sweetly with love.

35. It was in vain that all the wisest physicians in the country
    were summoned into consultation.

36. For many months he travelled without clue.

37. And ever with the tears falling down from her eyes she sighed
    and sang.

38. There appeared before him an old man of venerable appearance.

39. Pirouz\xE8, the fairest and most honourably born.

40. Reaching his farthest wounded the giant in the knee.

41. The lady advanced to meet him.

42. A city among the Isles named Deryabar.

43. Presently in the distance he perceived a light.

44. The ship struck upon a rock.

45. And presently, feeling myself lifted by men's hands.

46. The Princess of Deryabar.

47. She found to her grief the place where Codadad had lain left

48. She and her companion arrived at the city of Harran.

49. And taking her hand he led her to the apartments of the Queen

50. After these, maidens on white horses, with heads unveiled,
    bearing in their hands baskets of precious stones.


There was once an old fisherman who lived in great poverty with a wife
and three children. But though poorer than others he ever toiled in
humble submission to the decrees of Providence, and so, at the same
hour each day, he would cast his net four times into the sea, and
whatever it brought up to him therewith he rested content.

One day, having cast for the first time, he found his net so heavy that
he could scarcely draw it in; yet when at last he got it to shore all
that it contained was the carcase of an ass.

He cast a second time, and found the draught of the net even heavier
than before. But again he was doomed to disappointment, for this time
it contained nothing but a large earthenware jar full of mud and sand.
His third attempt brought him only a heap of broken old bottles and
potsherds: fortune seemed to be against him. Then, committing his hope
to Providence, he cast for the fourth and last time; and once more the
weight of the net was so great that he was unable to haul it. When at
last he got it to land, he found that it contained a brazen vessel, its
mouth closed with a leaden stopper, bearing upon it the seal of King

The sight cheered him. "This," thought he, "I can sell in the market,
where I may get for it enough to buy a measure of corn; and, if one is
to judge by weight, what lies within may prove yet more valuable."

[Illustration: And there in its midst stood a mighty Genie.]

Thus reckoning, he prised out the stopper with his knife, and turning
the vessel upside down looked for the contents to follow. Great was
his astonishment when nothing but smoke came out of it. The smoke rose
in a thick black column and spread like a mist between earth and sky,
till presently, drawing together, it took form; and there in its midst
stood a mighty Genie, whose brows touched heaven while his feet rested
upon ground. His head was like a dome, his hands were like flails, and
his legs like pine trees; his mouth was black as a cavern, his nostrils
were like trumpets, his eyes blazed like torches, and his wings whirled
round and over him like the simoom of the desert.

At so fearful a sight all the fisherman's courage oozed out of him;
but the Genie, perceiving him, cried with a loud voice, "O, Solomon,
Prophet of God, slay me not, for never again will I withstand thee in
word or deed!"

"Alas!" said the fisherman, "I am no prophet; and as for Solomon, he
has been dead for nearly two thousand years. I am but a poor fisherman
whom chance has knocked by accident against thy door."

"In that case," answered the Genie, "know that presently thou wilt have
to die."

"Heaven forbid!" cried the fisherman; "or, at least, tell me why!
Surely it might seem that I had done thee some service in releasing

"Hear first my story," said the Genie, "then shalt thou understand."

"Well, if I must!" said the fisherman, resigning himself to the
inevitable; "but make it short, for truly I have small stomach left in
me now for the hearing of tales."

"Know, then," said the Genie, "that I am one of those spirits which
resisted the power and dominion of Solomon; and when, having brought
into submission all the rest of my race, he could not make me yield to
him either reverence or service, he caused me to be shut up in this
bottle, and sealing it with his own seal cast it down into the depths
of the sea.

[Illustration: When having brought into submission all the rest of my

"Now when I had lain there prisoner for a hundred years, I swore in
my heart that I would give to the man that should release me all the
treasures attainable in heaven or earth. But when none came to earn so
great a reward in all the hundred years that followed, then I swore
that I would give to my liberator earthly riches only; and when this
gift also had lain despised for yet another hundred years, then would
I promise no more than the fulfilment of three wishes. But thereafter
finding that all promises and vows were vain, my heart became consumed
with rage, and I swore by Allah that I would only grant to the fool
that should release me his own choice of the most cruel form of death
by which he should die. Now therefore accept that mercy which I still
offer and choose thy penalty!"

When the fisherman heard this he gave himself up for lost, yet he
did not the less continue by prayer and supplication to entreat the
Genie from his purpose. But when he found that there was no heart left
in him to be moved, then for the first time he bestirred his wits,
and remembering how that which is evil contains far less wisdom than
that which is good, and so falls ever the more readily into the trap
prepared for it, he spoke thus: "O Genie, since thou art determined
on my death, there is yet a certain thing touching thine honour that
I would first know. So, by the Ineffable Name, which is the seal of
Solomon, I will ask thee one question, and do thou swear to answer it

The Genie was ready enough to give the oath as desired. Then said
the fisherman, "How is it that one so great as thou art, whose feet
o'er-step the hills and whose head out-tops the heaven--how can such
an one enter into so small a vessel to dwell in it? Truly, though mine
eyes tell me I have seen it, I cannot any longer believe so great a

"What?" cried the Genie, "dost thou not believe what I have already
told thee?"

"Not till I have seen it done can I believe it," said the fisherman.

Thereupon, without more waste of words, the Genie, drawing his limbs
together and folding himself once more in a thick veil of smoke,
descended from his vast altitude into the narrow neck of the brazen
vessel till not one shred or film of him remained to view. Then the
fisherman with a quick hand replaced the leaden stopper, and laughing,
cried to the Genie, "Choose now, thou in thy turn, by what manner of
death thou wilt die."

The Genie, hearing himself thus mocked, made violent efforts to escape;
but the power of the seal of Solomon held him fast, and the fisherman,
ceasing not all the while to revile him for the treachery and baseness
which were now to receive their due reward, began to carry the vessel
back to the sea's brink. "Now," said he, "thou shalt return to the
place whence I drew thee! And here on the shore I will build myself a
hut, and to every fisherman that comes near I will say, 'Look that you
fish not in these waters, for herein lies bound a wicked genie that has
sworn to put to a cruel death whoever dares to release him.'"

"Nay, nay," cried the Genie, "I did not mean what I said! Ask of me
now, and I will give you all the treasures that the world contains, or
that your heart can find in it to desire, if only you will set me free!"

The fisherman, being of a mild spirit and with no heart for revenge,
sat down to consider what he should do, and all the while the
imprisoned Genie continued to appeal to him for compassion with loud
promise and lamentation. So at last, the fisherman, having the fear
of God before his eyes, after he had extracted from the Genie a most
solemn vow to leave him unharmed, drew out the stopper of lead and
released him.

No sooner was he out and restored to his true form than the Genie,
turning himself about, lifted his foot and with his full strength smote
the brazen vessel far out to sea; and the fisherman, beholding that
act, began to repent him of his mercy and to tremble again for dear

But the Genie, seeing his fear, broke into huge laughter, and striding
on ahead of him cried, "Come, fisherman, and follow me, for now I will
lead you to fortune!"

Meekly at his heels went the old fisherman, and leaving behind them
the habitations of men they ascended a mountain and entered upon a
desert tract guarded by four hills, in the centre of which lay a broad
lake. Here the Genie stopped, and pointing to a place where fish were
swimming in abundance bade the fisherman cast in his net. The fisherman
did as he was told, and when he drew in his net he found that it
contained four fish each of a different colour, a red, a white, a blue,
and a yellow: never in his life had he seen the like of them. The Genie
bade him take and offer them to the Sultan, assuring him that if he did
so they should bring him both fortune and honours. Then he struck the
ground with his foot, and immediately the earth opened its mouth and
swallowed him as the dry desert swallows the rain.

The fisherman, wondering no less at his safe deliverance than at the
marvel of these occurrences, made his way in haste to the city; and
there presenting himself at the palace he begged that the four fish
might be laid at the Sultan's feet, as a humble offering from the
poorest of his subjects.

No sooner had the monarch seen them, so strange of form and so
brilliant and diverse in hue, than his longing to taste of them became
strongly awakened; so, by the hand of his Vizier, he sent them to
the cook to be prepared forthwith for the royal table. As for the
poor fisherman, he received no fewer than four hundred pieces of gold
from the Sultan's bounty, and returned to his family rejoicing in an
affluence which surpassed his utmost expectations.

[Illustration: No sooner had the monarch seen them, so strange of form
and so brilliant and diverse in hue.]

The cook meanwhile, proud of an opportunity to exhibit her culinary
skill on dainties so rare, scaled and cleaned the fish and laid them
in a frying-pan over the fire. But scarcely had she done so when the
wall of the kitchen divided, and there issued forth from it a damsel
of moon-like beauty richly apparelled, holding a rod of myrtle in her
hand. With this she struck the fish that lay in the frying-pan, and

     "O fish of my pond,
      Are ye true to your bond?"

And immediately the four fishes lifted their heads from the frying fat
and answered--

     "Even so, the bond holds yet;
      Paid by thee, we pay the debt.
     With give and take is the reckoning met."

Thereupon the damsel upset the pan into the fire and retired through
the wall in the same way that she had come, leaving the four fish all
charred to a cinder.

[Illustration: Whereupon one upset the pan into the fire.]

The cook, beholding her labour thus brought to naught, began to weep
and bewail herself, expecting no less than instant dismissal, and was
still loud in her lamentations when the Vizier arrived to see if the
fish were ready.

[Illustration: Recalling the fisherman by a swift messenger.]

On hearing her account of what had occurred, the Vizier was greatly
astonished, but feared to bring so strange a report to the Sultan's
ears while the cravings of the royal appetite were still unsatisfied;
so recalling the fisherman by a swift messenger, he bade him procure
in all haste four more fish of the same kind, promising to reward him
according to the speed with which he accomplished the task. So spurred,
and by the additional favour of fortune, the fisherman fulfilled his
mission in an astonishingly short space of time; but no sooner was the
second lot of fish placed upon the fire in the Vizier's presence than
once again the wall opened, and the damsel, appearing as before, struck
the frying-pan with her rod, and cried--

     "O fish of my pond,
      Are ye true to your bond?"

And immediately the fish stood up on their tails in the frying fat and

     "Even so, the bond holds yet;
      Paid by thee, we pay the debt.
      With give and take is the reckoning met."

Whereupon she upset the pan into the fire and departed as she had come.

The Vizier, perceiving that so strange an event might no longer be
kept from the royal knowledge, went and informed the Sultan of all
that had occurred; and the monarch, as soon as he had heard the tale,
now rendered more eager for the satisfaction of his eyes than he had
previously been for the indulgence of his appetite, sent for the
fisherman, and promised him yet another four hundred pieces of gold if
he could within a given time procure four more fishes similar to those
he had already brought on the previous occasions.

If the fisherman had been prompt at the Vizier's bidding, he made even
greater speed to fulfil the royal command, and before the day was
over--this time in the presence of the Sultan himself--four fish, of
four diverse colours like to the first, were cleaned and laid into the
pan ready for frying. But scarcely had they touched the fat when the
wall opened in a clap like thunder, and there came forth with a face of
rage a monstrous negro the size of a bull, holding in his hand the rod
of myrtle. With this he struck the frying-pan, and cried in a terrible

     "O fish from the pond,
      Are ye true to your bond?"

And when the fish had returned the same answer that the others had made
before them, without more ado the negro overturned the pan upon the
fire and departed as he had come.

When the Sultan's eyes had seen that marvel, he said to his Vizier,
"Here is mystery set before us! Surely these fish that talk have a past
and a history. Never shall I rest satisfied until I have learned it."
So causing the fisherman to be brought before him, he inquired whence
the fish came. The fisherman answered, "From a lake between four hills
upon the mountain overlooking the city." The Sultan inquired how many
days' journey it might be, and the fisherman replied that it was but a
matter of a few hours going and returning. Then to the Sultan and his
court it seemed that the old man was mocking them, for none had heard
tell of any lake lying among the hills so near to that city; and the
fisherman, seeing his word doubted, began to fear that the Genie was
playing him a trick; for if the lake were now suddenly to vanish away,
he might find his fortunes more undone at the end than at the beginning.

Yet the Sultan, though his Vizier and all his court sought to dissuade
him, was firmly resolved on putting the matter to the proof; so he
gave orders that an escort and camping tents should be immediately got
ready, and, with the fisherman to guide, set forth to find the place
that was told of.

And, sure enough, when they had ascended the mountain which all knew,
they came upon a desert tract on which no man had previously set eyes;
and there in its midst lay the lake filled with four kinds of fish, and
beyond it stretched a vast and unknown country.

[Illustration: He arrived within sight of a palace of shining marble.]

At this sight, so mysterious and unaccountable, of a strange region
lying unbeknownst at the gates of his own capital, the monarch was
seized with an overwhelming desire to press forward in solitary
adventure to the discovery of its secret. To the cautious counsels of
his Vizier he turned a deaf ear; but since it would not be safe for
his subjects to know of his departure on an errand so perilous, it was
given out that he had been stricken by sudden sickness. The door of the
royal tent was closed, and at the dead of night the Sultan, admitting
none but the Vizier into his confidence, set out secretly on his

Journeying by night and resting by day, he arrived on the third morning
within sight of a palace of shining marble which, with its crowd of
domes and minarets, stood solitary among the hills. No sign of life
was about it, and when he drew near and knocked at the gates none came
to answer him. Then, finding the doors unfastened, he took courage and
entered; and advancing through chambers where gold lay as dust, and
by fountains wherein pearls lay poured out like water, he found only
solitude to greet him.

Wandering without aim among innumerable treasures unguarded and left
to waste, the Sultan grew weary, and sat down in an embrasure to rest.
Then it seemed to him that not far off he could hear a sorrowful
voice chant verses of lamentation. Following the sounds with wonder
he came to a curtained doorway, and passing through found himself in
the presence of a fair youth richly dressed, seated upon a couch and
bearing upon his countenance tokens of extreme grief and despondency.
To the Sultan's proffered greeting the youth returned salutation, but
did not stir from his seat. "Pardon me," he said, "for not rising; but
my miserable condition makes it impossible." Having said this he again
broke into doleful lamentation; and when the Sultan inquired as to the
cause of so many tears, "See for yourself," he cried, "what I am now
made into!" And lifting the skirt of his robe he revealed himself all
stone from his waist to the soles of his feet, while from the waist
upwards he was as other men. Then as he observed upon his visitor's
countenance the expression of a lively curiosity and astonishment,
"Doubtless," he went on, "as you now know the secret of my miserable
condition you will wish also to hear my story." And he related it as


[Illustration: The Queen of the Ebony Isles.]

"My father was king of the city which once stood about this palace.
He was lord also of the Ebony Isles that are now the four hills which
you passed on your way hither. When I succeeded to the throne upon his
death, I took to wife my own cousin, the daughter of my uncle, with
whom I lived for five years in the utmost confidence and felicity,
continually entertained by the charm of her conversation and the beauty
of her person, and happy in the persuasion that she found in me an
equal satisfaction.

[Illustration: Supposing me asleep they began to talk.]

"One day, however, it chanced, in the hour before dinner when the
queen was gone to bathe and adorn herself, that I lay upon a couch
beside which two female slaves sat fanning me; and they, supposing me
to be asleep, began to talk concerning me and their mistress. 'Ah!'
said one, 'how little our lord knows where our mistress goes to amuse
herself every night while he lies dreaming!' 'How should he know?'
returned the other, 'seeing that the cup of wine which she gives him
each night contains a sleeping-draught, that causes him to sleep sound
however long she is absent. Then at daybreak when she returns she
burns perfumes under his nostrils, and he waking and finding her there
guesses nothing. Pity it is that he cannot know of her treacherous
ways, for surely it is a shame that a king's wife should go abroad and
mix with base people.'

[Illustration: The cup of wine which she gives him each night contains
a sleeping-draught.]

"Now when I heard this the light of day grew dark before my eyes; but
I lay on and made no sign, awaiting my wife's return. And she coming
in presently, we sat down and ate and drank together according to
custom; and afterwards, when I had retired and lain down, she brought
me with her own hands the cup of spiced wine, inviting me to drink.
Then I, averting myself, raised it to my lips, but instead of drinking,
poured it by stealth into my bosom, and immediately sank down as though
overcome by its potency, feigning slumber. Straightway the queen rose
up from my side, and having clothed herself in gorgeous apparel and
anointed herself with perfumes, she made her way secretly from the
palace, and I with equal secrecy followed her.

"Soon, passing by way of the narrower streets, we arrived before the
city gates; and immediately at a word from her the chains fell and the
gates opened of their own accord, closing again behind us as soon as
we had passed. At last she came to a ruined hut, and there entering I
saw her presently with her veil laid aside, seated in familiar converse
with a monstrous negro, the meanest and most vile of slaves, offering
to him in abject servility dainties which she had carried from the
royal table, and bestowing upon him every imaginable token of affection
and regard.

"At this discovery I fell into a blind rage, and drawing my sword I
rushed in and struck the slave from behind a blow upon the neck that
should have killed him. Then believing that I had verily slain him, and
before the queen found eyes to realize what had befallen, I departed
under cover of night as quickly as I had come, and returned to the
palace and my own chamber.

"On awaking the next morning I found the queen lying beside me as
though nothing had happened, and at first I was ready to believe it had
all been an evil dream; but presently I perceived her eyes red with
weeping, her hair dishevelled, and her face torn by the passion of a
grief which she strove to conceal. Having thus every reason to believe
that my act of vengeance had not fallen short of its purpose, I held my
tongue and made no sign.

"But the same day at noon, while I sat in council, the queen appeared
before me clad in deep mourning, and with many tears informed me how
she had received sudden news of the death of her father and mother and
two brothers, giving full and harrowing details of each event. Without
any show of incredulity I heard her tale; and when she besought my
permission to go into retirement and mourn in a manner befitting so
great a calamity, I bade her do as she desired.

"So for a whole year she continued to mourn in a privacy which I left
undisturbed; and during that time she caused to be built a mausoleum or
Temple of Lamentation--the same whose dome you see yonder--into which
she withdrew herself from all society; while I, believing the cause
of my anger removed and willing to humour the grief which my act had
caused her, waited patiently for her return to a sane and reasonable
state of mind.

"But, as I learned too late, matters had not so fallen: for though in
truth the negro was grievously wounded, being cut through the gullet
and speechless, it was not the will of Heaven that he should die; and
the queen having by her enchantments kept him in a sort of life, no
sooner was the mausoleum finished than she caused him to be secretly
conveyed thither, and there night and day tended him, awaiting his full

"At length, when two years were over and her mourning in no wise
abated, my curiosity became aroused; so going one day to the Temple of
Lamentation I entered unannounced, and placing myself where I might
see and not be seen, there I discovered her in an abandonment of fond
weeping over her miserable treasure whose very life was a dishonour to
us both. But no sooner in my just resentment had I started to upbraid
her, than she--as now for the first time realizing the cause of her
companion's misfortune--began to heap upon me terms of the most violent
and shameful abuse; and when, carried beyond myself, I threatened her
with my sword, she stood up before me, and having first uttered words
of unknown meaning she cried,--

     'Be thou changed in a moment's span;
      Half be marble, and half be man!'

[Illustration: She went on to vent her malice upon the city and

And at the word I became even as you see me now--dead to the waist, and
above living yet bound. Yet even so her vengeance was not satisfied.
Having reduced me to this state she went on to vent her malice upon
the city and islands over which I ruled, and the unfortunate people
who were my subjects. Thus by her wicked machinations the city became
a lake, and the islands about it the four hills which you have seen;
as for the inhabitants, who were of four classes and creeds, Moslems,
Christians, Jews, and Persians, she turned them into fish of four
different colours: the white are the Moslems, the red are Persian
fire-worshippers, the yellow are Jews, and the blue Christians. And
now having done all this she fails not every day to inflict upon me a
hundred lashes with a whip which draws blood at every stroke: and when
these are accomplished she covers my torn flesh with hair-cloth and
lays over it these rich robes in mockery. Of a surety it is the will of
Heaven that I should be the most miserable and despised of mortals!"

[Illustration: Began to heap upon me terms of the most violent and
shameful abuse.]

Thus the youth finished his story, nor when he had ended could he
refrain from tears. The Sultan also was greatly moved when he heard
it, and his heart became full of a desire to avenge such injuries upon
the doer of them. "Tell me," he said, "where is now this monster of
iniquity?" "Sir," answered the youth, "I doubt not she is yonder in the
mausoleum with her companion, for thither she goes daily so soon as she
has measured out to me my full meed of chastisement: and as for this
day my portion has been served to me, I am quit of her till to-morrow
brings, the hour of fresh scourgings."

[Illustration: Thus by her wicked machinations the city became a lake.]

Now when this was told him the Sultan saw his way plain. "Be of good
cheer," he said to the youth, "and endure with a quiet spirit yet once
more the affliction she causes thee; for at the price of that single
scourging I trust, by the will of Heaven, to set thee free."

So on the morrow the Sultan lay in close hiding until sounds reached
him which told that the whippings had begun; then he arose and went in
haste to the mausoleum, where amid rich hangings and perfumes and the
illumination of a thousand candles, he found the black slave stretched
mute upon a bed awaiting in great feebleness the recovered use of his
sawn gullet. Quickly, with a single sword-stroke, the avenger took
from him that poor remnant of life which enchantment alone had made
possible: then having thrown the body into a well in the courtyard
below, he lay down in the dead man's place, drawing the coverlet well
over him. Soon after, fresh from her accustomed task of cruelty, the
enchantress entered, and falling upon her knees beside the bed she
cried, "Has my lord still no voice wherewith to speak to his servant?
Surely, for lack of that sound, hearing lies withered within me!" Then
the Sultan, taking to himself the thick speech of a negro, said, "There
is no strength or power but in God alone!"

On hearing those words, believing that her companion's speech was at
last restored to him, the queen uttered a cry of joy! But scarcely
had she begun to lavish upon him the tokens of her affection when the
pretended negro broke out against her in violent abuse. "What!" he
cried, "dost thou expect favour at my hands, when it is because of thee
that for two years I have lain dumb and prostrate? How darest thou
speak to me or look for any recompense save death! Nay!" he went on in
answer to her astonished protests, "have not the cries and tears and
groans of thy husband kept me continually from rest: and has not Heaven
smitten me for no other reason than because thou wouldst not cease from
smiting him? So has the curse which thou didst seek to lay upon him
fallen doubly upon me."

"Alas!" cried the enchantress, "have I unknowingly caused thee so great
an ill? If it be so, then let my lord give command, and whatever be his
desire it shall be satisfied."

Then said the Sultan, "Go instantly and release thy husband from spell
and torment: and when it is done, return hither with all speed."

Thus compelled, in great fear and bewilderment and sorely against her
will, the queen sped to the chamber in the palace where her husband lay
spell-bound. Taking a vessel of water she pronounced over it certain
words which caused it instantly to boil as though it had been set on a
fire: then throwing the water over him, she cried--

     "Spell be loosed, and stone grow warm,
      Yield back flesh to the human form."

And immediately on the word his nature came to him again, and he leaped
and stood upon his feet. But the queen's hatred towards him was by no
means abated. "Go hence quickly," she cried, "since a better will than
mine releases thee! But if thou tarry or if thou return, thou shalt
surely die!" Thankful for his deliverance the youth stayed not to
question, but departing went and hid himself without, while the queen
returned in haste to the mausoleum where her supposed lover awaited
her. There, eager for restoration to favour, she informed him of what
she had done, supposing that to be all.

"Nay," said the other, still speaking with the thick voice of a negro;
"though thou hast lopped the branch of the evil thou hast not destroyed
the root. For every night I hear a jumping of fishes in the lake that
is between the four hills, and the sound of their curses on thee and me
comes to disturb my rest. Go instantly and restore all things to their
former state, then come back and give me thy hand and I shall rise up a
sound man once more."

[Illustration: Great was the astonishment of the Vizier and the
Sultan's escort.]

Rejoicing in that promise and the expectations it held out to her of
future happiness, the queen went with all speed to the border of the
lake. There taking a little water into her hand, and uttering strange
words over it, she sprinkled it this way and that upon the surface of
the lake and the roots of the four hills, and immediately where had
been the lake a city appeared, and instead of fishes inhabitants, and
in place of the four hills four islands. As for the palace it stood no
longer removed far away into the desert but upon a hill overlooking the

Great was the astonishment of the Vizier and the Sultan's escort
which had lain encamped beside the lake to find themselves suddenly
transported to the heart of a populous city, with streets and walls and
the hum of reawakened life around them; but a greater and more terrible
shock than this awaited the queen upon her return to the mausoleum to
enjoy the reward of her labours. "Now," she cried, "let my lord arise,
since all that he willed is accomplished!"

"Give me thy hand!" said the Sultan, still in a voice of disguise;
"come nearer that I may lean on thee!" And as she approached he drew
forth his sword which had lain concealed beside him in the bed, and
with a single blow cleft her wicked body in twain.

Then he rose and went quickly to where in hiding lay the young king
her husband, who learned with joy of the death of his cruel enemy. He
thanked the Sultan with tears of gratitude for his deliverance, and
invoked the blessings of Heaven upon him and his kingdom. "On yours
too," said the Sultan, "let peace and prosperity now reign! And since
your city is so near to mine, come with me and be my guest that we may
rejoice together in the bonds of friendship."

"Nay," answered the young king, "that would I do willingly, but your
country lies many a day's journey from my own. I fear the breaking of
the spell which held me and my subjects has brought you further than
you wished."

It was in fact true that the Ebony Isles had now returned to the place
from which they had originally come. The Sultan put a smiling face upon
the matter: "I can well put up with the tedium of my journey," said
he, "if only you will be my companion. Nay, let me speak frankly to
one whose demeanour in affliction has won my heart; I am childless and
have no heir. Come with me and be my son, and when I am dead unite our
two kingdoms under a single ruler." The young king, who had conceived
for his deliverer an equal affection, could not withstand so noble and
generous an offer: and so with a free exchange of hearts on both sides
the matter was arranged.

After a journey of some months the Sultan arrived again at his own
capital, where he was welcomed with great rejoicings by the people, who
had long mourned over his strange and unexplained absence.

As for the old fisherman who had been the immediate cause of the young
king's deliverance the Sultan loaded him with honours and gave his
daughters in marriage to sons of the blood royal, so that they all
continued in perfect happiness and contentment to the end of their days.


In a town in Persia lived two brothers named Cassim and Ali Baba,
between whom their father at his death had left what little property he
possessed equally divided. Cassim, however, having married the heiress
of a rich merchant, became soon after his marriage the owner of a fine
shop, together with several pieces of land, and was in consequence,
through no effort of his own, the most considerable merchant in the
town. Ali Baba, on the other hand, was married to one as poor as
himself, and having no other means of gaining a livelihood he used to
go every day into the forest to cut wood, and lading therewith the
three asses which were his sole stock-in-trade, would then hawk it
about the streets for sale.

One day while he was at work within the skirts of the forest, Ali Baba
saw advancing towards him across the open a large company of horsemen,
and fearing from their appearance that they might be robbers, he left
his asses to their own devices and sought safety for himself in the
lower branches of a large tree which grew in the close overshadowing of
a precipitous rock.

[Illustration: Their chief in a low but distinct voice uttered the two
words "Open Sesame!"]

Almost immediately it became evident that this very rock was the goal
toward which the troop was bound, for having arrived they alighted
instantly from their horses, and took down each man of them a sack
which seemed by its weight and form to be filled with gold. There could
no longer be any doubt that they were robbers. Ali Baba counted forty
of them.

Just as he had done so, the one nearest to him, who seemed to be their
chief, advanced toward the rock, and in a low but distinct voice
uttered the two words, "Open, Sesam\xE9!" Immediately the rock opened like
a door, the captain and his men passed in, and the rock closed behind

For a long while Ali Baba waited, not daring to descend from his
hiding-place lest they should come out and catch him in the act; but
at last, when the waiting had grown almost unbearable, his patience
was rewarded, the door in the rock opened, and out came the forty men,
their captain leading them. When the last of them was through, "Shut,
Sesam\xE9!" said the captain, and immediately the face of the rock closed
together as before. Then they all mounted their horses and rode away.

As soon as he felt sure that they were not returning, Ali Baba came
down from the tree and made his way at once to that part of the rock
where he had seen the captain and his men enter. And there at the word
"Open, Sesam\xE9!" a door suddenly revealed itself and opened.

Ali Baba had expected to find a dark and gloomy cavern. Great was his
astonishment therefore when he perceived a spacious and vaulted chamber
lighted from above through a fissure in the rock; and there spread out
before him lay treasures in profusion, bales of merchandise, silks,
carpets, brocades, and above all gold and silver lying in loose heaps
or in sacks piled one upon another. He did not take long to consider
what he should do. Disregarding the silver and the gold that lay loose,
he brought to the mouth of the cave as many sacks of gold as he thought
his three asses might carry; and having loaded them on and covered them
with wood so that they might not be seen, he closed the rock by the
utterance of the magic words which he had learned, and departed for the
town, a well-satisfied man.

When he got home he drove his asses into a small court, and shutting
the gates carefully he took off the wood that covered the bags and
carried them in to his wife. She, discovering them to be full of gold,
feared that her husband had stolen them, and began sorrowfully to
reproach him; but Ali Baba soon put her mind at rest on that score, and
having poured all the gold into a great heap upon the floor he sat down
at her side to consider how well it looked.

[Illustration: Ali Baba departed for the town a well satisfied man.]

Soon his wife, poor careful body, must needs begin counting it over
piece by piece. Ali Baba let her go on for awhile, but before long the
sight set him laughing. "Wife," said he, "you will never make an end
of it that way. The best thing to do is to dig a hole and bury it,
then we shall be sure that it is not slipping through our fingers."
"That will do well enough," said his wife, "but it would be better
first to have the measure of it. So while you dig the hole I will go
round to Cassim's and borrow a measure small enough to give us an exact
reckoning." "Do as you will," answered her husband, "but see that you
keep the thing secret."

Off went Ali Baba's wife to her brother-in-law's house. Cassim was from
home, so she begged of his wife the loan of a small measure, naming for
choice the smallest. This set the sister-in-law wondering. Knowing Ali
Baba's poverty she was all the more curious to find out for what kind
of grain so small a measure could be needed. So before bringing it she
covered all the bottom with lard, and giving it to Ali Baba's wife told
her to be sure and be quick in returning it. The other, promising to
restore it punctually, made haste to get home; and there finding the
hole dug for its reception she started to measure the money into it.
First she set the measure upon the heap, then she filled it, then she
carried it to the hole; and so she continued till the last measure was
counted. Then, leaving Ali Baba to finish the burying, she carried back
the measure with all haste to her sister-in-law, returning thanks for
the loan.

No sooner was her back turned than Cassim's wife looked at the bottom
of the measure, and there to her astonishment she saw sticking to the
lard a gold coin. "What?" she cried, her heart filled with envy, "is
Ali Baba so rich that he needs a measure for his gold? Where, then, I
would know, has the miserable wretch obtained it?"

[Illustration: As soon as he came in she began to jeer at him.]

She waited with impatience for her husband's return, and as soon as he
came in she began to jeer at him. "You think yourself rich," said she,
"but Ali Baba is richer. You count your gold by the piece, but Ali Baba
does not count, he measures it! In comparison to Ali Baba we are but
grubs and groundlings!"

Having thus riddled him to the top of her bent in order to provoke his
curiosity, she told him the story of the borrowed measure, of her own
stratagem, and of its result.

Cassim, instead of being pleased at Ali Baba's sudden prosperity, grew
furiously jealous; not a wink could he sleep all night for thinking of
it. The next morning before sunrise he went to his brother's house.
"Ali Baba," said he, "what do you mean by pretending to be poor when
all the time you are scooping up gold by the quart?" "Brother," said
Ali Baba, "explain your meaning." "My meaning shall be plain!" cried
Cassim, displaying the tell-tale coin. "How many more pieces have you
like this that my wife found sticking to the bottom of the measure

Ali Baba, perceiving that the intervention of wives had made further
concealment useless, told his brother the true facts of the case, and
offered him, as an inducement for keeping the secret, an equal share of
the treasure.

"That is the least that I have the right to expect," answered Cassim
haughtily. "It is further necessary that you should tell me exactly
where the treasure lies, that I may, if need be, test the truth of
your story, otherwise I shall find it my duty to denounce you to the

Ali Baba, having a clear conscience, had little fear of Cassim's
threats; but out of pure good nature he gave him all the information he
desired, not forgetting to instruct him in the words which would give
him free passage into the cave and out again.

Cassim, who had thus secured all he had come for, lost no time in
putting his project into execution. Intent on possessing himself of all
the treasures which yet remained, he set off the next morning before
daybreak, taking with him ten mules laden with empty crates. Arrived
before the cave, he recalled the words which his brother had taught
him; no sooner was "Open, Sesam\xE9!" said than the door in the rock lay
wide for him to pass through, and when he had entered it shut again.

[Illustration: Greater still was the exultation of a greedy nature like
that of Cassim's.]

If the simple soul of Ali Baba had found delight in the riches of
the cavern, greater still was the exultation of a greedy nature like
Cassim's. Intoxicated with the wealth that lay before his eyes, he had
no thought but to gather together with all speed as much treasure as
the ten mules could carry; and so, having exhausted himself with heavy
labour and avaricious excitement, he suddenly found on returning to the
door that he had forgotten the key which opened it. Up and down, and
in and out through the mazes of his brain he chased the missing word.
Barley, and maize, and rice, he thought of them all: but of sesam\xE9
never once, because his mind had become dark to the revealing light of
heaven. And so the door stayed fast, holding him prisoner in the cave,
where to his fate, undeserving of pity, we leave him.

Toward noon the robbers returned, and saw, standing about the rock, the
ten mules laden with crates. At this they were greatly surprised, and
began to search with suspicion amongst the surrounding crannies and
undergrowth. Finding no one there, they drew their swords and advanced
cautiously toward the cave, where, upon the captain's pronouncement of
the magic word, the door immediately fell open. Cassim, who from within
had heard the trampling of horses, had now no doubt that the robbers
were arrived and that his hour was come. Resolved however to make one
last effort at escape, he stood ready by the door; and no sooner had
the opening word been uttered than he sprang forth with such violence
that he threw the captain to the ground. But his attempt was vain;
before he could break through he was mercilessly hacked down by the
swords of the robber band.

With their fears thus verified, the robbers anxiously entered the
cave to view the traces of its late visitant. There they saw piled
by the door the treasure which Cassim had sought to carry away; but
while restoring this to its place they failed altogether to detect
the earlier loss which Ali Baba had caused them. Reckoning, however,
that as one had discovered the secret of entry others also might know
of it, they determined to leave an example for any who might venture
thither on a similar errand; and having quartered the body of Cassim
they disposed it at the entrance in a manner most calculated to strike
horror into the heart of the beholder. Then, closing the door of the
cave, they rode away in the search of fresh exploits and plunder.

Meanwhile Cassim's wife had grown very uneasy at her husband's
prolonged absence; and at nightfall, unable to endure further
suspense, she ran to Ali Baba, and telling him of his brother's secret
expedition, entreated him to go out instantly in search of him.

Ali Baba had too kind a heart to refuse or delay comfort to her
affliction. Taking with him his three asses he set out immediately for
the forest, and as the road was familiar to him he had soon found his
way to the door of the cave. When he saw there the traces of blood
he became filled with misgiving, but no sooner had he entered than
his worst fears were realized. Nevertheless brotherly piety gave him
courage. Gathering together the severed remains and wrapping them
about with all possible decency, he laid them upon one of the asses;
then bethinking him that he deserved some payment for his pains, he
loaded the two remaining asses with sacks of gold, and covering them
with wood as on the first occasion, made his way back to the town
while it was yet early. Leaving his wife to dispose of the treasure
borne by the two asses, he led the third to his sister-in-law's house,
and knocking quietly so that none of the neighbours might hear, was
presently admitted by Morgiana, a female slave whose intelligence and
discretion had long been known to him. "Morgiana," said he, "there's
trouble on the back of that ass. Can you keep a secret?" And Morgiana's
nod satisfied him better than any oath. "Well," said he, "your master's
body lies there waiting to be pieced, and our business now is to bury
him honourably as though he had died a natural death. Go and tell your
mistress that I want to speak to her."

Morgiana went in to her mistress, and returning presently bade Ali
Baba enter. Then, leaving him to break to his sister-in-law the news
and the sad circumstances of his brother's death, she, with her
plan already formed, hastened forth and knocked at the door of the
nearest apothecary. As soon as he opened to her she required of him
in trembling agitation certain pillules efficacious against grave
disorders, declaring in answer to his questions that her master had
been taken suddenly ill. With these she returned home, and her plan
of concealment having been explained and agreed upon much to the
satisfaction of Ali Baba, she went forth the next morning to the same
apothecary, and with tears in her eyes besought him to supply her in
haste with a certain drug that is given to sick people only in the last
extremity. Meanwhile the rumour of Cassim's sickness had got abroad;
Ali Baba and his wife had been seen coming and going, while Morgiana by
her ceaseless activity had made the two days' pretended illness seem
like a fortnight: so when a sound of wailing arose within the house all
the neighbours concluded without further question that Cassim had died
a natural and honourable death.

But Morgiana had now a still more difficult task to perform, it being
necessary for the obsequies that the body should be made in some way
presentable. So at a very early hour the next morning she went to the
shop of a certain merry old cobbler, Baba Mustapha by name, who lived
on the other side of the town. Showing him a piece of gold she inquired
whether he were ready to earn it by exercising his craft in implicit
obedience to her instructions. And when Baba Mustapha sought to know
the terms, "First," said she, "you must come with your eyes bandaged;
secondly, you must sew what I put before you without asking questions;
and thirdly, when you return you must tell nobody."

[Illustration: Mustapha doubted much of his ability to refrain from

Mustapha, who had a lively curiosity into other folk's affairs,
boggled for a time at the bandaging, and doubted much of his ability
to refrain from question; but having on these considerations secured
the doubling of his fee, he promised secrecy readily enough, and taking
his cobbler's tackle in hand submitted himself to Morgiana's guidance
and set forth. This way and that she led him blindfold, till she had
brought him to the house of her deceased master. Then uncovering his
eyes in the presence of the dismembered corpse, she bade him get out
thread and wax and join the pieces together.

[Illustration: This way and that she led him blindfold.]

Baba Mustapha plied his task according to the compact, asking no
question. When he had done, Morgiana again bandaged his eyes and led
him home, and giving him a third piece of gold the more to satisfy him,
she bade him good-day and departed.

So in seemliness and without scandal of any kind were the obsequies
of the murdered Cassim performed. And when all was ended, seeing that
his widow was desolate and his house in need of a protector, Ali Baba
with brotherly piety took both the one and the other into his care,
marrying his sister-in-law according to Moslem rule, and removing with
all his goods and newly acquired treasure to the house which had been
his brother's. And having also acquired the shop where Cassim had
done business, he put into it his own son, who had already served an
apprenticeship to the trade. So, with his fortune well established, let
us now leave Ali Baba and return to the robbers'cave.

Thither, at the appointed time, came the forty robbers, bearing in
hand fresh booty; and great was their consternation to discover that
not only had the body of Cassim been removed, but a good many sacks
of gold as well. It was no wonder that this should trouble them, for
so long as any one could command secret access, the cave was useless
as a depository for their wealth. The question was, What could they
do to put an end to their present insecurity? After long debate it
was agreed that one of their number should go into the town disguised
as a traveller, and there, mixing with the common people, learn from
their report whether there had been recently any case in their midst of
sudden prosperity or sudden death. If such a thing could be discovered,
then they made sure of tracking the evil to its source and imposing a

Although the penalty for failure was death, one of the robbers at once
boldly offered himself for the venture, and having transformed himself
by disguise and received the wise counsels and commendations of his
fellows, he set out for the town.

[Illustration: Having transformed himself by disguise.]

Arriving at dawn he began to walk up and down the streets and watch the
early stirring of the inhabitants. So, before long, he drew up at the
door of Baba Mustapha, who, though old, was already seated at work upon
his cobbler's bench. The robber accosted him. "I wonder," said he, "to
see a man of your age at work so early. Does not so dull a light strain
your eyes?" "Not so much as you might think," answered Baba Mustapha.
"Why, it was but the other day that at this same hour I saw well enough
to stitch up a dead body in a place where it was certainly no lighter."
"Stitch up a dead body!" cried the robber, in pretended amazement,
concealing his joy at this sudden intelligence. "Surely you mean in its
winding sheet, for how else can a dead body be stitched?" "No, no,"
said Mustapha; "what I say I mean; but as it is a secret, I can tell
you no more." The robber drew out a piece of gold. "Come," said he,
"tell me nothing you do not care to; only show me the house where lay
the body that you stitched." Baba Mustapha eyed the gold longingly.
"Would that I could," he replied; "but alas! I went to it blindfold."
"Well," said the robber, "I have heard that a blind man remembers his
road; perhaps, though seeing you might lose it, blindfold you might
find it again." Tempted by the offer of a second piece of gold, Baba
Mustapha was soon persuaded to make the attempt. "It was here that I
started," said he, showing the spot, "and I turned as you see me now."
The robber then put a bandage over his eyes, and walked beside him
through the streets, partly guiding and partly being led, till of his
own accord Baba Mustapha stopped. "It was here," said he. "The door by
which I went in should now lie to the right." And he had in fact come
exactly opposite to the house which had once been Cassim's, where Ali
Baba now dwelt.

The robber, having marked the door with a piece of chalk which he had
provided for the purpose, removed the bandage from Mustapha's eyes, and
leaving him to his own devices returned with all possible speed to the
cave where his comrades were awaiting him.

Soon after the robber and cobbler had parted, Morgiana happened to go
out upon an errand, and as she returned she noticed the mark upon the
door. "This," she thought, "is not as it should be; either some trick
is intended, or there is evil brewing for my masters house." Taking a
piece of chalk she put a similar mark upon the five or six doors lying
to right and left; and having done this she went home with her mind
satisfied, saying nothing.

In the meantime the robbers had learned from their companion the
success of his venture. Greatly elated at the thought of the vengeance
so soon to be theirs, they formed a plan for entering the city in a
manner that should arouse no suspicion among the inhabitants. Passing
in by twos and threes, and by different routes, they came together to
the market-place at an appointed time, while the captain and the robber
who had acted as spy made their way alone to the street in which the
marked door was to be found. Presently, just as they had expected, they
perceived a door with the mark on it. "That is it!" said the robber;
but as they continued walking so as to avoid suspicion, they came upon
another and another, till, before they were done, they had passed six
in succession. So alike were the marks that the spy, though he swore he
had made but one, could not tell which it was. Seeing that the design
had failed, the captain returned to the market-place, and having passed
the word for his troop to go back in the same way as they had come, he
himself set the example of retreat.

When they were all reassembled in the forest, the captain explained
how the matter had fallen, and the spy, acquiescing in his own
condemnation, kneeled down and received the stroke of the executioner.

But as it was still necessary for the safety of all that so great a
trespass and theft should not pass unavenged, another of the band,
undeterred by the fate of his comrade, volunteered upon the same
conditions to prosecute the quest wherein the other had failed. Coming
by the same means to the house of Ali Baba, he set upon the door, at a
spot not likely to be noticed, a mark in red chalk to distinguish it
clearly from those which were already marked in white. But even this
precaution failed of its end. Morgiana, whose eye nothing could escape,
noticed the red mark at the first time of passing, and dealt with it
just as she had done with the previous one. So when the robbers came,
hoping this time to light upon the door without fail, they found not
one but six all similarly marked with red.

When the second spy had received the due reward of his blunder, the
captain considered how by trusting to others he had come to lose two of
his bravest followers, so the third attempt he determined to conduct
in person. Having found his way to Ali Baba's door, as the two others
had done by the aid of Baba Mustapha, he did not set any mark upon it,
but examined it so carefully that he could not in future mistake it.
He then returned to the forest and communicated to his band the plan
which he had formed. This was to go into the town in the disguise of an
oil-merchant, bearing with him upon nineteen mules thirty-eight large
leather jars, one of which, as a sample, was to be full of oil, but
all the others empty. In these he purposed to conceal the thirty-seven
robbers to which his band was now reduced, and so to convey his full
force to the scene of action in such a manner as to arouse no suspicion
till the signal for vengeance should be given.

Within a couple of days he had secured all the mules and jars that
were requisite, and having disposed of his troop according to the
pre-arranged plan, he drove his train of well-laden mules to the gates
of the city, through which he passed just before sunset. Proceeding
thence to Ali Baba's house, and arriving as it fell dark, he was about
to knock and crave a lodging for the night, when he perceived Ali
Baba at the door enjoying the fresh air after supper. Addressing him
in tones of respect, "Sir," said he, "I have brought my oil a great
distance to sell to-morrow in the market; and at this late hour,
being a stranger, I know not where to seek for a shelter. If it is
not troubling you too much, allow me to stable my beasts here for the

[Illustration: "Sir," said he, "I have brought my oil a great distance
to sell to-morrow."]

The captain's voice was now so changed from its accustomed tone
of command, that Ali Baba, though he had heard it before, did not
recognize it. Not only did he grant the stranger's request for bare
accommodation, but as soon as the unlading and stabling of the mules
had been accomplished, he invited him to stay no longer in the outer
court but enter the house as his guest. The captain, whose plans this
proposal somewhat disarranged, endeavoured to excuse himself from a
pretended reluctance to give trouble; but since Ali Baba would take no
refusal he was forced at last to yield, and to submit with apparent
complaisance to an entertainment which the hospitality of his host
extended to a late hour.

When they were about to retire for the night, Ali Baba went into the
kitchen to speak to Morgiana; and the captain of the robbers, on the
pretext of going to look after his mules, slipped out into the yard
where the oil jars were standing in line. Passing from jar to jar he
whispered into each, "When you hear a handful of pebbles fall from the
window of the chamber where I am lodged, then cut your way out of the
jar and make ready, for the time will have come." He then returned to
the house, where Morgiana came with a light and conducted him to his

Now Ali Baba, before going to bed, had said to Morgiana, "To-morrow
at dawn I am going to the baths; let my bathing-linen be put ready,
and see that the cook has some good broth prepared for me against my
return." Having therefore led the guest up to his chamber, Morgiana
returned to the kitchen and ordered Abdallah the cook to put on the pot
for the broth. Suddenly while she was skimming it, the lamp went out,
and, on searching, she found there was no more oil in the house. At so
late an hour no shop would be open, yet somehow the broth had to be
made, and that could not be done without a light. "As for that," said
Abdallah, seeing her perplexity, "why trouble yourself? There is plenty
of oil out in the yard." "Why, to be sure!" said Morgiana, and sending
Abdallah to bed so that he might be up in time to wake his master on
the morrow, she took the oil-can herself and went out into the court.
As she approached the jar which stood nearest, she heard a voice within
say, "Is it time?"

To one of Morgiana's intelligence an oil-jar that spoke was an object
of even more suspicion than a chalk-mark on a door, and in an instant
she apprehended what danger for her master and his family might lie
concealed around her. Understanding well enough that an oil-jar which
asked a question required an answer, she replied quick as thought and
without the least sign of perturbation, "Not yet, but presently." And
thus she passed from jar to jar, thirty-seven in all, giving the same
answer, till she came to the one which contained the oil.

The situation was now clear to her. Aware of the source from which her
master had acquired his wealth, she guessed at once that, in extending
shelter to the oil-merchant, Ali Baba had in fact admitted to his house
the robber captain and his band. On the instant her resolution was
formed. Having filled the oil-can she returned to the kitchen; there
she lighted the lamp, and then, taking a large kettle, went back once
more to the jar which contained the oil. Filling the kettle she carried
it back to the kitchen, and putting under it a great fire of wood had
soon brought it to the boil. Then taking it in hand once more, she
went out into the yard and poured into each jar in turn a sufficient
quantity of the boiling oil to scald its occupant to death.

She then returned to the kitchen, and having made Ali Baba's broth, put
out the fire, blew out the lamp, and sat down by the window to watch.

[Illustration: She poured into each jar in turn a sufficient quantity
of the boiling oil to scald its occupant to death.]

Before long the captain of the robbers awoke from the short sleep
which he had allowed himself, and finding that all was silent in the
house, he rose softly and opened the window. Below stood the oil-jars;
gently into their midst he threw the handful of pebbles agreed on as
a signal; but from the oil-jars came no answer. He threw a second and
a third time; yet though he could hear the pebbles falling among the
jars, there followed only the silence of the dead. Wondering whether
his band had fled leaving him in the lurch, or whether they were all
asleep, he grew uneasy, and descending in haste, made his way into the
court. As he approached the first jar a smell of burning and hot oil
assailed his nostrils, and looking within he beheld in rigid contortion
the dead body of his comrade. In every jar the same sight presented
itself till he came to the one which had contained the oil. There, in
what was missing, the means and manner of his companions' death were
made clear to him. Aghast at the discovery and awake to the danger
that now threatened him, he did not delay an instant, but forcing the
garden-gate, and thence climbing from wall to wall, he made his escape
out of the city.

When Morgiana, who had remained all this time on the watch, was assured
of his final departure, she put her master's bath-linen ready, and went
to bed well satisfied with her day's work.

The next morning Ali Baba, awakened by his slave, went to the baths
before daybreak. On his return he was greatly surprised to find that
the merchant was gone, leaving his mules and oil-jars behind him. He
inquired of Morgiana the reason. "You will find the reason," said
she, "if you look into the first jar you come to." Ali Baba did so,
and, seeing a man, started back with a cry. "Do not be afraid," said
Morgiana, "he is dead and harmless; and so are all the others whom you
will find if you look further."

[Illustration: When Morgiana who had remained all this time on the

As Ali Baba went from one jar to another, finding always the same sight
of horror within, his knees trembled under him; and when he came at
last to the one empty oil-jar, he stood for a time motionless, turning
upon Morgiana eyes of wonder and inquiry. "And what," he said then,
"has become of the merchant?" "To tell you that," said Morgiana, "will
be to tell you the whole story; you will be better able to hear it if
you have your broth first."

But the curiosity of Ali Baba was far too great: he would not be kept
waiting. So without further delay she gave him the whole history, so
far as she knew it, from beginning to end; and by her intelligent
putting of one thing against another, she left him at last in no
possible doubt as to the source and nature of the conspiracy which her
quick wits had so happily defeated. "And now, dear master," she said
in conclusion, "continue to be on your guard, for though all these are
dead, one remains alive; and he, if I mistake not, is the captain of
the band, and for that reason the more formidable and the more likely
to cherish the hope of vengeance."

When Morgiana had done speaking Ali Baba clearly perceived that he owed
to her not merely the protection of his property but life itself. His
heart was full of gratitude. "Do not doubt," he said, "that before I
die I will reward you as you deserve; and as an immediate proof from
this moment I give you your liberty."

This token of his approval filled Morgiana's heart with delight, but
she had no intention of leaving so kind a master, even had she been
sure that all danger was now over. The immediate question which next
presented itself was how to dispose of the bodies. Luckily at the far
end of the garden stood a thick grove of trees, and under these Ali
Baba was able to dig a large trench without attracting the notice of
his neighbours. Here the remains of the thirty-seven robbers were laid
side by side, the trench was filled again, and the ground made level.
As for the mules, since Ali Baba had no use for them, he sent them, one
or two at a time, to the market to be sold.

Meanwhile the robber captain had fled back to the forest. Entering the
cave he was overcome by its gloom and loneliness. "Alas!" he cried, "my
comrades, partners in my adventures, sharers of my fortune, how shall I
endure to live without you? Why did I lead you to a fate where valour
was of no avail, and where death turned you into objects of ridicule?
Surely had you died sword in hand my sorrow had been less bitter! And
now what remains for me but to take vengeance for your death and to
prove, by achieving it without aid, that I was worthy to be the captain
of such a band!"

Thus resolved, at an early hour the next day, he assumed a disguise
suitable to his purpose, and going to the town took lodging in a khan.
Entering into conversation with his host he inquired whether anything
of interest had happened recently in the town; but the other, though
full of gossip, had nothing to tell him concerning the matter in which
he was most interested, for Ali Baba, having to conceal from all the
source of his wealth, had also to be silent as to the dangers in which
it involved him.

The captain then inquired where there was a shop for hire; and hearing
of one that suited him, he came to terms with the owner, and before
long had furnished it with all kinds of rich stuffs and carpets and
jewelry which he brought by degrees with great secrecy from the cave.

Now this shop happened to be opposite to that which had belonged to
Cassim and was now occupied by the son of Ali Baba; so before long the
son and the new-comer, who had assumed the name of Cogia Houssain,
became acquainted; and as the youth had good looks, kind manners, and
a sociable disposition, it was not long before the acquaintance became

Cogia Houssain did all he could to seal the pretended friendship, the
more so as it had not taken him long to discover how the young man and
Ali Baba were related; so, plying him constantly with small presents
and acts of hospitality, he forced on him the obligation of making some

Ali Baba's son, however, had not at his lodging sufficient
accommodation for entertainment; he therefore told his father of the
difficulty in which Cogia Houssain's favours had placed him, and Ali
Baba with great willingness at once offered to arrange matters. "My
son," said he, "to-morrow being a holiday, all shops will be closed;
then do you after dinner invite Cogia Houssain to walk with you; and
as you return bring him this way and beg him to come in. That will
be better than a formal invitation, and Morgiana shall have a supper
prepared for you."

This proposal was exactly what Ali Baba's son could have wished, so on
the morrow he brought Cogia Houssain to the door as if by accident, and
stopping, invited him to enter.

Cogia Houssain, who saw his object thus suddenly attained, began by
showing pretended reluctance, but Ali Baba himself coming to the door,
pressed him in the most kindly manner to enter, and before long had
conducted him to the table, where food stood prepared.

But there an unlooked-for difficulty arose. Wicked though he might be
the robber captain was not so impious as to eat the salt of the man
he intended to kill. He therefore began with many apologies to excuse
himself; and when Ali Baba sought to know the reason, "Sir," said
he, "I am sure that if you knew the cause of my resolution you would
approve of it. Suffice it to say that I have made it a rule to eat of
no dish that has salt in it. How then can I sit down at your table if I
must reject everything that is set before me?"

"If that is your scruple," said Ali Baba, "it shall soon be satisfied,"
and he sent orders to the kitchen that no salt was to be put into
any of the dishes presently to be served to the newly arrived guest.
"Thus," said he to Cogia Houssain, "I shall still have the honour, to
which I have looked forward, of returning to you under my own roof the
hospitality you have shown to my son." Morgiana, who was just about
to serve supper, received the order with some discontent. "Who," she
said, "is this difficult person that refuses to eat salt? He must be a
curiosity worth looking at." So when the saltless courses were ready to
be set upon the table, she herself helped to carry in the dishes. No
sooner had she set eyes on Cogia Houssain than she recognized him in
spite of his disguise; and observing his movements with great attention
she saw that he had a dagger concealed beneath his robe. "Ah!" she said
to herself, "here is reason enough! For who will eat salt with the man
he means to murder? But he shall not murder my master if I can prevent

Now Morgiana knew that the most favourable opportunity for the robber
captain to carry out his design would be after the courses had been
withdrawn, and when Ali Baba and his son and guest were alone together
over their wine, which indeed was the very project that Cogia Houssain
had formed. Going forth, therefore, in haste, she dressed herself as
a dancer, assuming the headdress and mask suitable for the character.
Then she fastened a silver girdle about her waist, and hung upon it a
dagger of the same material. Thus equipped, she said to Abdallah the
cook, "Take your tabor and let us go in and give an entertainment in
honour of our master's guest."

So Abdallah took his tabor, and played Morgiana into the hall. As soon
as she had entered she made a low curtsey, and stood awaiting orders.
Then Ali Baba, seeing that she wished to perform in his guest's honour,
said kindly, "Come in, Morgiana, and show Cogia Houssain what you can

[Illustration: Then for the last figure of all she drew out the dagger.]

Immediately Abdallah began to beat upon his tabor and sing an air for
Morgiana to dance to; and she, advancing with much grace and propriety
of deportment, began to move through several figures, performing them
with the ease and facility which none but the most highly practised can
attain to. Then, for the last figure of all, she drew out the dagger
and, holding it in her hand, danced a dance which excelled all that
had preceded it in the surprise and change and quickness and dexterity
of its movements. Now she presented the dagger at her own breast, now
at one of the onlookers; but always in the act of striking she drew
back. At length, as though out of breath, she snatched his instrument
from Abdallah with her left hand, and, still holding the dagger in her
right, advanced the hollow of the tabor toward her master, as is the
custom of dancers when claiming their fee. Ali Baba threw in a piece of
gold; his son did likewise. Then advancing it in the same manner toward
Cogia Houssain, who was feeling for his purse, she struck under it, and
before he knew had plunged her dagger deep into his heart.

Ali Baba and his son, seeing their guest fall dead, cried out in horror
at the deed. "Wretch!" exclaimed Ali Baba, "what ruin and shame hast
thou brought on us?" "Nay," answered Morgiana, "it is not your ruin but
your life that I have thus secured; look and convince yourself what man
was this which refused to eat salt with you!" So saying, she tore off
the dead robbers disguise, showing the dagger concealed below, and the
face which her master now for the first time recognized.

Ali Baba's gratitude to Morgiana for thus preserving his life a second
time, knew no bounds. He took her in his arms and embraced her as a
daughter. "Now," said he, "the time is come when I must fulfil my
debt; and how better can I do it than by marrying you to my son?" This
proposition, far from proving unwelcome to the young man, did but
confirm an inclination already formed. A few days later the nuptials
were celebrated with great joy and solemnity, and the union thus
auspiciously commenced was productive of as much happiness as lies
within the power of mortals to secure.

As for the robbers'cave, it remained the secret possession of Ali
Baba and his posterity; and using their good fortune with equity and
moderation, they rose to high office in the city and were held in great
honour by all who knew them.


In the land of the Persians there lived in ancient times a King who had
three daughters and an only son of such beauty that they drew the eyes
of all beholders like moonrise in a clear heaven. Now it was the custom
in that country for a great festival to be held at the new year, during
which people of all grades, from the highest to the lowest, presented
themselves before the King with offerings and salutations. So it
happened that on one of these days there came to the King as he sat in
state three sages, masters of their craft, bringing gifts for approval.
The first had with him a peacock of gold which was so constructed that
at the passing of each hour it beat its wings and uttered a cry. And
the King, having proved it, found the gift acceptable and caused the
inventor thereof to be suitably rewarded. The second had made a trumpet
so that if placed over the gates of a city it blew a blast against any
that sought to enter; and thus was the city held safe from surprise by
an enemy. And when the King had found that it possessed that property,
he accepted it, bestowing on its maker a rich reward.

But the gift of the third sage, who was an Indian, appeared more
prodigious than all, for he had brought with him a horse of ivory and
ebony, for which he claimed that, at the will of its owner, or of any
one instructed in the secret, it would rise above the earth and fly,
arriving at distant places in a marvellously short space of time. The
King, full of wonder at such a statement, and eager to test it, was
in some doubt as to how he might do so, for the Indian was unwilling
to part with the secret until secure of the reward which in his own
mind he had fixed on. Now it happened that at a distance of some three
leagues from the city there stood a mountain the top of which was
clearly discernible to all eyes; so, in order that the Indian's word
might be proved, the King, pointing to it, said, "Go yonder, and bring
back to me while I wait the branch of a palm-tree which grows at the
foot of that mountain; then I shall know that what you tell me is true."

Instantly the Indian set foot in the stirrup and vaulted upon his
charger, and scarcely had he turned a small peg which was set in the
pommel of the saddle, when the horse rose lightly into the air and bore
him away at wondrous speed amid the shouts of the beholders; and while
all were still gazing, amazed at so sudden a vanishing, he reappeared
high overhead, bearing the palm branch, and descending into their
midst alighted upon the very spot from which he had started, where,
prostrating himself, he laid the branch at the King's feet.

[Illustration: At so arrogant a claim all the courtiers burst into loud

The King was so delighted when the wonderful properties of the horse
had been thus revealed to him, that, eager to possess it, he bade the
Indian name his own reward, declaring that no price could be too great.
Then said the sage, "Since your Majesty so truly appreciates the value
of my invention, I do not fear that the reward I ask for will seem
too high. Give me in marriage the hand of the fairest of your three
daughters, and the horse shall be yours."

At so arrogant a claim all the courtiers burst into loud laughter;
the King alone, consumed with the desire of possessing the wonderful
treasure, hesitated as to what answer he should give. Then the King's
son, Prince Firouz Schah, seeing his father lend ear to so shameful
a proposal, became moved with indignation. Determined to defend his
sister's honour and his own, he addressed the King. "Pardon me, Sire,"
said he, "if I take the liberty of speaking. But how shall it be
possible for one of the greatest and most powerful monarchs to ally
himself to a mere nobody? I entreat you to consider what is due not
to yourself alone but to the high blood of your ancestors and of your

"My son," replied the King of Persia, "what you say is very true, so
far as it goes; but you do not sufficiently consider the value of so
incomparable a marvel as this horse has proved itself to be, or how
great would be my chagrin if any other monarch came to possess it.
And though I have not yet agreed to the Indian's proposal, I cannot
incontinently reject it. But first I must be satisfied that the horse
will obey other hands besides those of its inventor, else, though I
become its possessor, I may find it useless."

The Indian, who had stood aside during this discussion, was now full
of hope, for he perceived that the King had not altogether rejected
his terms, and nothing seemed likelier than that the more he became
familiar with the properties of the magic horse the more would he wish
to possess it. When, therefore, the King proposed that the horse should
be put to a more independent trial under another rider, the Indian
readily agreed; the more so when the prince himself, relinquishing his
apparent opposition, came forward and volunteered for the essay.

The King having consented, the prince mounted, and eager in his design
to give his father opportunity for cooler reflection, he did not wait
to hear all the Indian's instructions, but turning the peg, as he
had seen the other do when first mounting, caused the horse to rise
suddenly in the air, and was carried away out of sight in an easterly
direction more swiftly than an arrow shot from a bow.

No sooner had the horse and its rider disappeared than the King became
greatly concerned for his son's safety; and though the sage could
justly excuse himself on the ground that the young prince's impatience
had caused him to cut short the instructions which would have insured
his safe return, the King choose to vent upon the Indian the full
weight of his displeasure; and cursing the day wherein he had first set
eyes on the magic horse, he caused its maker to be thrown into prison,
declaring that if the prince did not return within a stated time the
life of the other should be forfeit.

The Indian had now good cause to repent of the ambition which had
brought him to this extremity, for the prince, of whose opposition to
his project he had been thoroughly informed, had only to prolong his
absence to involve him in irretrievable ruin. But on the failure of
arrogant pretensions the sympathy of the judicious is wasted; let us
return therefore to Prince Firouz Schah, whom we left flying through
the air with incredible swiftness on the back of the magic steed.

For a time, confident of his skill as a rider and undismayed either
by the speed or altitude of his flight, the prince had no wish to
return to the palace; but presently the thought of his father's anxiety
occurred to him, and being of a tender and considerate disposition he
immediately endeavoured to divert his steed from its forward course.
This he sought to do by turning in the contrary direction the peg
which he had handled when mounting, but to his astonishment the horse
responded by rising still higher in the air and flying forward with
redoubled swiftness. Had courage then deserted him, his situation might
have become perilous; but preserving his accustomed coolness he began
carefully to search for the means by which the speed of the machine
might be abated, and before long he perceived under the horse's mane
a smaller peg, which he had no sooner touched than he felt himself
descending rapidly toward the earth, with a speed that lessened the
nearer he came to ground.

[Illustration: As he descended, the daylight in which hitherto he had
been travelling faded from view.]

As he descended, the daylight in which hitherto he had been travelling
faded from view, and he passed within a few minutes from sunset into an
obscurity so dense that he could no longer distinguish the nature of
his environment, till, as the horse alighted, he perceived beneath him
a smooth expanse ending abruptly on all sides at an apparent elevation
among the objects surrounding it.

Dismounting he found himself on the roof of a large palace, with marble
balustrades dividing it in terraces, and at one side a staircase which
led down to the interior. With a spirit ever ready for adventure
Prince Firouz Schah immediately descended, groping his way through the
darkness till he came to a landing on the further side of which an open
door led into a room where a dim light was burning.

[Illustration: He saw black eunuchs lying asleep.]

The prince paused at the doorway to listen, but all he could hear
was the sound of men breathing heavily in their sleep. He pushed
the door and entered; and there across an inner threshold he saw
black eunuchs lying asleep, each with a drawn sword in his hand.
Immediately he guessed that something far more fair must lie beyond;
so, undeterred by the danger, he advanced, and stepping lightly across
their swords passed through silken hangings into the inner chamber.
Here he perceived, amid surroundings of regal magnificence, a number
of couches, one of which stood higher than the rest. Upon each of
these a fair damsel lay asleep; but upon that which was raised above
its fellows lay a form of such perfect and enchanting beauty that
the prince had no will or power to turn away after once beholding
it. Approaching the sleeper softly, he kneeled down and plucked her
gently by the sleeve; and immediately the princess--for such if rank
and beauty accorded she needs must be--opened to him the depths of her
lustrous eyes and gazed in quiet amazement at the princely youth whose
handsome looks and reverent demeanour banished at once all thought of

Now it so happened that a son of the King of India was at that time
seeking the hand of the princess in marriage; but her father, the King
of Bengal, had rejected him owing to his ferocious and disagreeable
aspect. When therefore the princess saw one of royal appearance
kneeling before her she supposed he could be no other than the suitor
whom she knew only by report, and shedding upon him the light of her
regard, "By Allah," she said, smiling, "my father lied in saying that
good looks were lacking to thee!"

Prince Firouz Schah, perceiving from these words and the glance which
accompanied them, that her disposition towards him was favourable,
no longer feared to acquaint her with the plight in which he found
himself; while the princess, for her part, listened to the story of
his adventures with lively interest, and learned, not without secret
satisfaction, that her visitor possessed a rank and dignity equal to
her own.

[Illustration: She gave orders for a rich banquet to be prepared.]

Meanwhile the maidens who were in attendance on the princess had
awakened in dismay to the unaccountable apparition of a fair youth
kneeling at the feet of their mistress, and, dreading discovery by the
attendants, were all at a loss what to do. The princess however, seeing
that they were awake, called them to her with perfect composure and
bade them go instantly and prepare an inner chamber where the prince
might sleep and recover from the fatigues of his journey; at the same
time she gave orders for a rich banquet to be prepared against the time
when he should be ready to partake of it. Then when her visitor had
retired, she arose and began to adorn herself in jewels and rich robes
and to anoint her body with fragrance, giving her women no rest till
the tale of her mirror contented her; and when all had been done many
times over, and the last touch of art added to her loveliness, she sent
to inquire whether the prince had yet awaked and were ready to receive

[Illustration: Till the tale of her mirror contented her.]

Upon the receipt of that message the prince rose eagerly, and dressing
in haste, although it was scarcely yet day, heard everywhere within the
palace sounds of preparation for the feast that was being got ready in
his honour.

Before long the princess herself entered to inquire how he had slept,
and being fully assured on that score, she gave orders for the banquet
to be served. Everything was done in the greatest magnificence, but the
princess was full of apologies, declaring the entertainment unworthy of
so distinguished a guest. "You must pardon me, prince," she said, "for
receiving you with so little state, and after so hasty a preparation;
but the chief of the eunuchs does not enter here without my express
permission, and I feared that elsewhere our conversation might be

Prince Firouz Schah was now convinced that the inclinations of the
princess corresponded with his own; but though her every word and
movement increased the tenderness of his passion, he did not forget
the respect due to her rank and virtue. One of her women attendants
however, seeing clearly in what direction matters were tending, and
fearing for herself the results of a sudden discovery, withdrew
secretly, saying nothing to the rest, and running quickly to the chief
of the eunuchs she cried, "O miserable man, what sorry watch is this
that thou hast kept, guarding the King's honour; and who is this man or
genie that thou hast admitted to the presence of our mistress? Nay, if
the matter be not already past remedy the fault is not thine!" At these
words the eunuch leapt up in alarm, and going secretly he lifted the
curtain of the inner chamber, and there beheld at the princess's side a
youth of such fair and majestical appearance that he durst not intrude
unbidden. He ran shrieking to the King, and as he went he rent his
garments and threw dust upon his head. "O sire and master," he cried,
"come quickly and save thy daughter, for there is with her a genie in
mortal form and like a king's son to look upon, and if he have not
already carried her away, make haste and give orders that he be seized,
lest thou become childless."

[Illustration: She cried: "O miserable man what sorry watch is this
that thou hast kept".]

The King at once arose and went in great haste and fear to his
daughters palace. There he was met by certain of her women, who, seeing
his alarm, said, "O sire, have no fear for the safety of thy daughter;
for this young man is as handsome of heart as of person, and as his
conduct is chaste, so also are his intentions honourable."

Then the King's wrath was cooled somewhat; but since much remained
which demanded explanation he drew his sword and advanced with a
threatening aspect into the room where his daughter and the prince
still sat conversing. Prince Firouz Schah observing the new-comer
advance upon him in a warlike attitude, drew his own sword and stood
ready for defence; whereupon the King, seeing that the other was
the stronger, sheathed his weapon, and with a gesture of salutation
addressed him courteously. "Tell me, fair youth," he said, "whether you
are man or devil, for though in appearance you are human, how else than
by devilry have you come here?"

"Sire," replied the youth, "but for the respect that is owing to the
father of so fair a daughter, I, whom am a son of kings, might resent
such an imputation. Be assured, however, that by whatever means I
have chosen to arrive, my intentions now are altogether human and
honourable; for I have no other or dearer wish than to become your
son-in-law through my marriage with this princess in whose eyes it is
my happiness to have found favour."

"What you tell me," answered the King, "may be all very true; but it is
not the custom for the sons of kings to enter into palaces without the
permission of their owners, coming, moreover, unannounced and with no
retinue or mark of royalty about them. How, then, shall I convince my
people that you are a fit suitor for the hand of my daughter?"

"The proof of honour and kingship," answered the other, "does not rest
in splendour and retinue alone, though these also would be at my call
had I the patience to await their arrival from that too distant country
where my father is king. Let it suffice if I shall be able to prove my
worth alone and unaided, in such a manner as to satisfy all." "Alone
and unaided?" said the King; "how may that be?" "I will prove it thus,"
answered the prince. "Call out your troops and let them surround this
palace; tell them that you have here a stranger, of whom nothing is
known, who declares that if you will not yield him the hand of your
daughter in marriage he will carry her away from you by force. Bid them
use all means to capture and slay me, and if I survive so unequal a
contest, judge then whether or no I am fit to become your son-in-law."

The King immediately accepted the proposal, agreeing to abide by the
result; yet was he grieved that a youth of such fair looks and promise
should throw away his life in so foolhardy an adventure. As soon as day
dawned he sent for his Vizier and bade him cause all the chiefs of his
army to assemble with their troops and companies, till presently there
were gathered about the palace forty thousand horsemen and the same
number of foot; and the King gave them instructions, saying, "When the
young man of whom I have warned you comes forth and challenges you to
battle, then fall upon and slay him, for in no wise must he escape." He
then led the prince to an open space whence he could see the whole army
drawn up in array against him. "Yonder," said the King, pointing, "are
those with whom you have to contend; go forth and deal with them as
seems best to you."

"Nay," answered the prince, "these are not fair conditions, for yonder
I see horsemen as well as foot; how shall I contend against these
unless I be mounted?" The King at once offered him the best horse in
his stables, but the prince would not hear of it. "Is it fair," he
said, "that I should trust my life under such conditions to a horse
that I have never ridden? I will ride no horse but that upon which I
came hither." "Where is that?" inquired the King. "If it be where I
left it," answered the prince, "it is upon the roof of the palace."

All who heard this answer were filled with laughter and astonishment,
for it seemed impossible that a horse could have climbed to so high a
roof. Nevertheless the King commanded that search should be made, and
there, sure enough, those that were sent found the horse of ebony and
ivory standing stiff and motionless. So though it still seemed to them
but a thing for jest and mockery, obeying the King's orders they raised
it upon their shoulders, and bearing it to earth carried it forth into
the open space before the palace where the King's troops were assembled.

Then Prince Firouz Schah advanced, and leaping upon the horse he cried
defiance to the eighty thousand men that stood in battle array against
him. And they, on their part, seeing the youth so hardily set on his
own destruction, drew sword and couched spear, and came all together
to the charge. The prince waited till they were almost upon him, then
turning the peg which stood in the pommel of his saddle he caused the
horse to rise suddenly in the air, and all the foremost ranks of the
enemy came clashing together beneath him. At that sight the King and
all his court drew a breath of astonishment, and the army staggered and
swung about this way and that, striking vainly up at the hoofs of the
magic horse as it flew over them. Then the King, full of dread lest
this should indeed be some evil genie that sought to carry his daughter
away from him, called to his archers to shoot, but before they could
make ready their bows Prince Firouz Schah had given another turn to
the peg, and immediately the horse sprang upward and rose higher than
the roof of the palace, so that all the arrows fell short and rained
destruction on those that were below.

Then the prince called to the King, "O King of Bengal, have I not now
proved myself worthy to be thy son-in-law, and wilt thou not give me
the hand of thy daughter in marriage?" But the King's wrath was very
great, for he had been made foolish in the eyes of his people, and
panic had broken the ranks of his army and many of them were slain; and
by no means would he have for his son-in-law one that possessed such
power to throw down the order and establishment of his kingdom. So he
cried back to the prince, saying, "O vile enchanter, get hence as thou
valuest thy life, for if ever thou darest to return and set foot within
my dominions thy death and not my daughter shall be thy reward!" Thus
he spoke in his anger, forgetting altogether the promise he had made.

Now it should be known that all this time the princess had been
watching the combat from the roof of the palace; and as her fear and
anxiety for the prince had in the first instance been great, so now was
she overjoyed when she saw him rise superior to the dangers which had
threatened him. But as soon as she heard her father's words she became
filled with fresh fear lest she and her lover were now to be parted;
so as the prince came speeding by upon the magic horse she stretched
up her arms to him, crying, "O master of the flying bird, leave me not
desolate, for if thou goest from me now I shall die."

[Illustration: All this time the Princess had been watching the combat
from the roof of the palace.]

No sooner did Prince Firouz Schah hear those words than he checked his
steed in its flight, and swooping low he bore down over the palace
roof, and catching the princess up in his arms placed her upon the
saddle before him; and straightway at the pressure of its rider the
horse rose under them and carried them away high in air, so that they
disappeared forthwith from the eyes of the King and his people.

But as they travelled the day grew hot and the sun burned fiercely upon
them; and the prince looking down beheld a green meadow by the side of
a lake; so he said, "O desire of my heart, let us go down into yonder
meadow and seek rest and refreshment, and there let us wait till it
is evening, so that we may come unperceived to my fathers palace; and
when I have brought thee thither safely and secretly, then will I make
preparation so that thou mayest appear at my fathers court in such a
manner as befits thy rank."

[Illustration: In the garden of the summer palace all was silence and

So the princess consenting, they went down and sat by the lake and
solaced themselves sweetly with love till it was evening. Then they
rose up and mounted once more upon the magic horse and came by night
to the outskirts of the city where dwelt the King of Persia. Now in
the garden of the summer palace which stood without the walls all was
silence and solitude, and coming thither unperceived the King's son led
the princess to a pavilion, the door of which lay open, and placing
before it the magic horse he bade her stay within and keep watch till
his messenger should come to take her to the palace which he would
cause to be prepared for her.

[Illustration: Sat by the lake and solaced themselves sweetly with

Leaving her thus safely sheltered, the prince went in to the city to
present himself before the King his father; and there he found him in
deep mourning and affliction because of his son's absence; and his
father seeing him, rose up and embraced him tenderly, rejoicing because
of his safe return, and eager to know in what way he had fared. And
the prince said, "O my father, if it be thy good will and pleasure,
I have come back to thee far richer than I went. For I have brought
with me the fairest princess that the eyes of love have ever looked
upon, and she is the daughter of the King of Bengal; and because of my
love for her and the great service which she rendered me when I was a
stranger in the midst of enemies, therefore have I no heart or mind or
will but to win your consent that I may marry her." And when the King
heard that, and of all that the princess had done, and of how they had
escaped together, he gave his consent willingly, and ordered that a
palace should be immediately got ready for her reception that she might
on the next day appear before the people in a manner befitting her rank.

Then while preparation was going forward, the prince sought news
concerning the sage, for he feared that the King might have slain him.
"Do not speak of him," cried the King. "Would to Heaven that I had
never set eyes on him or his invention, for out of this has arisen all
my grief and lamentation. Therefore he now lies in prison awaiting

"Nay," said the prince "now surely should he be released and suitably
rewarded, seeing that unwittingly he hath been the cause of my fortune;
but do not give him my sister in marriage."

So the King sent and caused the Indian to be brought before him clad
in a robe of rank. And the King said to him, "Because my son, whom thy
vile invention carried away from me, hath returned safe and sound,
therefore will I spare thy life. And for the reward of thine ingenuity
I give thee this robe of honour; but now take thy horse, wherever it
may be, and go, nor ever appear in my sight again. And if thou wilt
marry, seek one of thine own rank, but do not aspire to the daughters

of kings."

When the Indian heard that, he dissembled his rage, and bowing himself
to the earth departed from the King's presence. And, as he went,
everywhere in the palace ran the tale how the King's son had returned
upon the magic horse, bringing with him a princess of most marvellous
beauty, and how they had alighted in the gardens of the summer palace
that lay outside the walls.

Now when this was told him the Indian at once saw his opportunity, and
going forth from the city in haste he arrived at the summer palace
before the messenger with the appointed retinue which the prince and
the King were sending. So coming to the pavilion in the garden he found
the princess waiting within, and before the door the horse of ivory
and ebony. Then was his heart uplifted for joy, the more so when he
perceived how far the damsel exceeded in loveliness all that had been
told of her. Entering the chamber where she sat he kissed the ground
at her feet; and she, seeing one that wore a robe of office making
obeisance before her, speak to him without fear, saying, "Who art thou?"

The sage answered, "O moon of beauty, I am but the dust which lies
upon the road by which thou art to travel. Yet I come as a messenger
from the King's son who hath sent me to bring thee with all speed to a
chamber in the royal palace where he now awaits thee."

Now the Indian was of a form altogether hideous and abominable. The
princess looked at him, therefore, in surprise, saying, "Could not the
King's son find any one to send to me but thee?" The sage laughed, for
he read the meaning of her words. "O searcher of hearts," he said, "do
not wonder that the prince hath sent to thee a man whose looks are
unattractive, for because of his love toward thee he is grown exceeding
jealous. Were it otherwise, I doubt not that he would have chosen the
highest and most honourable in the land; but, being what I am, he has
preferred to make me his messenger."

When the princess heard that, she believed him, and because her
impatience to be with her lover was great, she yielded herself
willingly into his hands. Then the sage mounted upon the horse and
took up the damsel behind him; and having bound her to his girdle for
safety, he turned the pin so swiftly that immediately they rose up into
the air far above the roof of the palace and in full view of the royal
retinue which was even then approaching.

Now because his desire to be with his beloved was so strong, the prince
himself had come forth before all others to meet her; and when he saw
her thus carried away captive, he uttered a loud cry of lamentation,
and stretched out his hands toward her. The cry of her lover reached
the ears of the princess, and looking down she saw with wonder his
gestures of grief and despair. So she said to the Indian, "O slave,
why art thou bearing me away from thy lord, disobeying his command?"
The sage answered, "He is not my lord, nor do I owe him any duty or
obedience. May Heaven repay on him all the grief he has brought on me,
for I was the maker of this horse on which he won thee, and because he
stole it from me I was cast into prison. But now for all my wrongs I
will take full payment, and will torture his heart as he hath tortured
mine. Be of good cheer, therefore, for doubt not that presently I shall
seem a more desirable lover in thine eyes than ever he was."

On hearing these words the princess was so filled with terror and
loathing that she endeavoured to cast herself from the saddle; but the
Indian having bound her to his girdle, no present escape from him was

The horse had meanwhile carried them far from the city of the King
of Persia, and it was yet an early hour after dawn when they arrived
over the land of Cashmire. Assured that he was now safe from pursuit,
and perceiving an uninhabited country below him, the Indian caused
the horse to descend on the edge of a wood bordered by a stream.
Here he made the princess dismount, and was proceeding to force upon
her his base and familiar attentions, when the cries raised by the
princess drew to that spot a party of horsemen who had been hunting
in the neighbourhood. The leader of the party, who chanced to be no
other than the Sultan of that country, seeing a fair damsel undergoing
ill-treatment from one of brutish and malevolent aspect, rode forward
and demanded of the Indian by what right he so used her. The sage
boldly declared that she was his wife and that how he used her was
no man's business but his own. The damsel, however, contradicted his
assertion with indignation and scorn, and so great were her beauty and
the dignity of her bearing that her statement of the case had only to
be heard to be believed. The Sultan therefore ordered the Indian to be
bound and beaten, and afterwards to be led away to the adjacent city
and there cast into the deepest dungeon. As for the princess and magic
horse, he caused them to be brought to the palace; and there for the
damsel he provided a magnificent apartment with slaves and attendants
such as befitted her rank; but the horse, whose properties remained
secret, since no other use for it could be discovered, was placed in
the royal treasury.

Now though the princess was full of joy over her escape from the
Indian, and of gratitude to her deliverer, she could not fail to read
in the Sultan's manner towards her the spell cast by her beauty. And,
in fact, no later than the next day, awakened by sounds throughout the
whole city of tumult and rejoicing, and inquiring as to the reason,
she was informed that these festivities were the prelude to her own
nuptials with the Sultan which were to be celebrated that very day
before sundown.

At this news her consternation was so great that she immediately
swooned away, and remained for a long while speechless. But no sooner
had she recovered possession of her faculties than her resolution was
formed, and when the Sultan entered, as is customary on such occasions,
to present his compliments and make inquiries as to her health, she
fell into an extravagance of attitude and speech, so artfully contrived
that all who beheld her became convinced of her insanity. And the more
surely to effect her purpose, and at the same time to relieve her
feelings, she made a violent attack upon the Sultan's person; nor did
she desist until she had brought him to recognize that all hopes for
the present consummation of the nuptials were useless.

On the following day also, and upon every succeeding one, the princess
showed the same violent symptoms whenever the Sultan approached her. It
was in vain that all the wisest physicians in the country were summoned
into consultation. While some declared that her malady was curable,
others, to whose word the princess by her actions lent every possible
weight, declared that it was incurable; and in no case was any remedy
applied that did not seem immediately to aggravate the disorder.

[Illustration: It was in vain that all the wisest physicians in the
country were summoned into consultation.]

And here for a while we must leave the princess and return to Prince
Firouz Schah, whose affliction no words can describe. Unable to
endure the burden of his beloved one's absence in the splendours of
his father's palace, or to leave her the victim of fate without an
attempt at rescue, he put on the disguise of a travelling dervish, and
departing secretly from the Persian court set out into the world to
seek for her.

For many months he travelled without clue or tidings to guide him; but
as Heaven ever bestows favour on constancy in love, so it led him at
last to the land of Cashmire, and to the city of its Sultan. Now as
he drew near to it by the main road, he fell into conversation with
a certain merchant, and inquired of him as to the city and the life
and conditions of its inhabitants. And the merchant looked at him in
surprise, saying, "Surely you have come from a far country not to have
heard of the strange things which have happened here, for everywhere in
these regions and among all the caravans goes the story of the strange
maiden, and the ebony horse, and the waiting nuptials."

[Illustration: For many months he travelled without clue.]

Now when the prince heard that, he knew that the end of his wanderings
was in sight: so looking upon the city with eyes of gladness, "Tell
me," he said, "for I know none of these things." So the merchant told
him truly all that has here been narrated; and having ended he said,
"O dervish, though you are young, you have in your eyes the light of
wisdom; and if you have also in your hands the power of healing, then I
tell you that in this city fortune awaits you, for the Sultan will give
even the half of his kingdom to any man that shall restore health of
mind to this damsel."

Then the King's son felt his heart uplifted within him, howbeit he knew
well that the fortune he sought would not be of the Sultan's choosing;
so parting from the merchant, he put on the robe of a physician, and
went and presented himself at the palace.

The Sultan was glad at his coming, for though many physicians had
promised healing and had all failed, still each new arrival gave him
fresh hopes. Now as the sight of a physician seemed ever greatly to
increase the princess's malady, the Sultan led him to a small closet
or balcony, that thence he might look upon her unperceived. So Prince
Firouz Schah, having travelled so many miles in search of her, saw his
beloved seated in deep despondency by the side of a fountain; and ever
with the tears falling down from her eyes she sighed and sang. Now when
he heard her voice and the words, and beheld the soft grief of her
countenance, then the prince knew that her disorder was only feigned;
and he went forth and said to the Sultan, "This malady is curable; but
for the cure something is yet lacking. Let me go in and speak with the
damsel alone, and on my life I promise that if all be done according
to my requirements, before this time to-morrow the cure shall be

[Illustration: And ever with the tears falling down from her eyes she
sighed and sang.]

At these words the Sultan rejoiced greatly, and he ordered the doors of
the princess's chamber to be opened to the physician. So Firouz Schah
passed in, and he and his beloved were alone together. Now because of
his grief and wanderings and the growth of his beard, the face of the
prince was so changed that the princess did not know him; but seeing
one before her in the dress of a physician she rose up in pretended
frenzy and began to throw herself about with violence, until from utter
exhaustion she fell prostrate. Thereupon the prince drew near, and
called her gently by name; and immediately when she heard his voice she
knew him, and uttered a loud cry. Then the king's son put his mouth to
her ear and said "O temptation of all hearts, now spare my life and
have patience, for surely I am come to save thee; but if the Sultan
learn who I am we are dead, thou and I, because his jealousy is great."
So she replied, saying, "O thou that bringest me life, tell me what I
shall do?" The prince said, "When I depart hence let it appear that
I have restored to thee the possession of thy faculties; howbeit the
full cure is to come after. Therefore when the Sultan comes to thee, be
sad and meek and do not repulse him as thou hast done aforetime. Yet
have no fear but that I will keep thee safe from him to the last." And
so saying he left the princess and returned to the Sultan, and said
to him, "Go in and see whether the cure be not already at work; but
approach not near to her, for though the genie that possessed her is
bound he is not yet cast forth: nevertheless to-morrow before noon the
remedy shall be complete."

So the Sultan went and found her even as he had been told; and with joy
and gratitude he returned to Firouz Schah, saying, "Truly thou art a
healer and the rest are but bunglers and fools. Now, therefore, give
orders and all shall be done according to thy will. Doubt not that thy
reward shall be great."

Then the prince said, "Let the horse of ivory and ebony which was with
her at the first be brought forth and set again in the place where it
was found, and let the damsel also be brought and put into my hand;
and it shall be that when I have set her upon the horse, then the evil
genie that held her shall be suddenly loosed, passing from her into
that which was aforetime his place of bondage. So shall the remedy be
complete, and the princess find joy in her lord before the eyes of all."

Now when the Sultan heard that, the mystery of the ebony horse seemed
plain to him, and its use manifest. Therefore he gave orders that with
all speed the thing should be done as the physician of the princess
required it.

So early on the morrow they brought the horse from the royal treasury,
and the princess from her chamber, and carried them to the place where
they were first found; and all about, a great crowd of the populace
was gathered to behold the sight. Then Prince Firouz Schah took the
princess and set her upon the horse, and leaping into the saddle before
her he turned the pin of ascent, and immediately the horse rose with a
great sound into the air, and hung above the heads of the affrighted
populace. And the King's son leaned down from the saddle and cried in a
loud voice, "O Sultan of Cashmire, when you wish to espouse princesses
which seek your protection, learn first to obtain their consent." And
so saying he put the horse to its topmost speed, and like an arrow on
the wind he and the princess were borne away, and passed and vanished,
and were no more seen in that land.

But in the city of the King of Persia great joy and welcome and
thanksgiving awaited them; and there without delay the nuptials were
solemnized and through all the country the people rejoiced and feasted
for a full month. But because of the grief and affliction that it had
caused him the King broke the ebony horse and destroyed its motions.
As for the maker thereof, the Sultan of Cashmire caused him to be put
to a cruel death: and thus is the story of the sage and his invention
brought to a full ending.


In the city of Harran there once lived a King who had every happiness
which life and fortune could bestow save that he lacked an heir.
Although, according to royal custom, he had in his household fifty
wives, fair to look upon and affectionate in disposition, and though
he continually invoked on these unions the blessing of Heaven, still
he remained childless; for which cause all his joy was turned to
affliction, and his wealth and power and magnificence became as of no

[Illustration: There appeared before him an old man of venerable

Now one night as he slept there appeared before him an old man of
venerable appearance who, addressing him in mild accents, spoke
thus: "The prayer of the faithful among fifty has been heard. Arise,
therefore and, go into the gardens of your palace and cause the
gardener to bring you a pomegranate fully ripe. Eat as many of the
seeds as you desire children, and your wish shall be fulfilled."

[Illustration: Pirouz\xE8, the fairest and most honourably born.]

Immediately upon awaking the King remembered the dream, and going down
into the gardens of the palace he took fifty pomegranate seeds, and
counting them one by one ate them all. So in due course according to
the promise of his dream, each of his wives gave birth to a son all
about the same time. To this, however, there was an exception, for
one of the fifty whose name was Pirouz\xE8, the fairest and the most
honourably born, she alone, as time went on, showed no sign of that
which was expected of her. Then was the King's anger kindled against
her because in her alone the promise of his dream was not fulfilled;
and deeming such a one hateful in the eyes of Heaven he was minded
to put her to death. His vizier, however, dissuaded him. "Time alone
can show," said he, "whether her demerits are so great as you now
suppose. Let her go back to her own people and remain in banishment
until the will of Heaven shall declare itself, and if within due time
she give birth to a son then can she return to you with all honour."
So the King did as his vizier advised, and sent Pirouz\xE8 back to her
own country to the court of the Prince of Samaria; and there before
long she who had seemed barren had the joy of becoming a mother and
gave birth to a son whom she named Codadad, that is to say, "the Gift
of God." Nevertheless, because the King of Harran had put upon her so
public a disgrace, the Prince of Samaria would send no word to him of
the event; so the young Prince was brought up at his uncle's court,
and there he learned to ride and to shoot and to perform such warlike
feats as become a prince, and in all that country he had no equal for
accomplishment or courage.

Now one day, when Codadad had reached the age of eighteen, word came
to him that his father the King of Harran was engaged in war and
surrounded by enemies; so the Prince said to his mother, "Now is it
time that I should go and prove myself worthy of my birth and the equal
of my brethren; for here in Samaria all is peace and indolence, but in
Harran are hardship and dangers, and great deeds waiting to be done."
And his mother said to him, "O my son, since it seems good to thee,
go; but how wilt thou declare thyself to thy father, or cause him to
believe thy word, seeing that he is ignorant of thy birth?" Codadad
answered, "I will so declare myself by my deeds that before my father
knows the truth he shall wish that it were true."

So he departed and came in princely arms to the city of Harran, and
there offered his service to the King against all his enemies. Now,
no sooner had the King looked upon the youth than his heart was drawn
toward him because of his beauty and the secret ties of blood, but when
he asked from what country he came, Codadad answered, "I am the son of
an emir of Cairo, and wherever there is war I go to win fame, nor do I
care in what cause I fight so long as I be proved worthy."

The Prince was not slow in making his valour known; before long he had
risen to the command of the whole army, not only over the heads of his
brethren but also of the more experienced officers. And thereafter,
when peace was re-established, the King, finding Codadad as prudent as
he was valiant, appointed him governor to the young Princes.

Now this act, though justified by merit, could not fail to increase the
hatred and jealousy which Codadad's brethren had long felt towards him.
"What?" they cried, "shall this stranger not only steal from us the
first place in the King's favour, but must we also be in obedience to
his ruling and judgment? Surely if we do so we are no sons of a King."

So they conspired together how best to be rid of him. One said, "Let us
fall upon him with our swords." "No, no," said another, "for so doing
we shall but bring punishment upon ourselves. But let us so arrange
matters as to draw on him the weight of the King's anger; thus shall
our vengeance be made both safe and complete."

To this the other Princes agreed; so forming a design which seemed
favourable to their end they approached Codadad, and besought his
permission to go forth together on a hunting expedition, promising
to return the same day. Codadad, deeming the request reasonable,
immediately granted it: the brothers departed, but they did not return.

On the third day the King made inquiry as to the reason of their
absence. Codadad replied that they were gone on a hunting expedition
but had promised to return much sooner. Another day passed and the King
grew anxious; yet another, and he became furious; and all his wrath
was directed against Codadad. "O traitor," he cried, "why has thou
neglected thy trust and allowed my sons to go anywhere unaccompanied by
thee? Now go instantly and search for them, and if thou find them not
be assured that on thy head shall fall the penalty."

At these words the Prince was filled with sudden foreboding, for he
knew that the brothers had no love for him, and well could he see now
the danger into which he had fallen. All he could do, however, was to
obey; so furnishing himself with arms and a horse good for travelling,
he set out in search of his brethren.

After some days employed in a fruitless quest he came to a desolate
tract in the midst of which stood a castle of black marble. As he
approached he beheld at an upper window a damsel of marvellous beauty,
with torn garments, dishevelled hair, and a countenance expressive of
the most lively affliction, who immediately that she set eyes on him
wrung her hands and waived him away crying "Oh, fly, fly from this
place of death and the monster which inhabits it! For here lives a
black giant which feeds on human flesh, seizing all he can find. Even
now in his dungeons you may hear the cries of those whom for his next
meal he will devour."

"Madam," replied the Prince, "for my safety you need have no care. Only
be good enough to inform me who you are and how you came to be in your
present plight." "I come from Cairo," she replied, "where my birth
gives me rank. And as I was travelling from thence on my road to Bagdad
this monstrous negro suddenly fell upon us, and having slain my escort
brought me hither a captive, to endure, if Heaven refuses me succour,
things far worse than death. But though I know my own peril I will not
see others perish in a vain attempt to rescue me, therefore once more I
entreat you to fly ere it be too late!"

But even as she spoke, the negro, a horrible and gigantic monster of
loathsome appearance, came in sight moving rapidly toward the palace.
No sooner had he caught sight of the Prince than he rushed upon him
with growls of fury, and drawing his scimitar aimed at him a blow
which, had it found him, must there and then have ended the fight. The
Prince, however, swerved nimbly under the stroke, and reaching his
farthest, wounded the giant in the knee; then wheeling his charger
about before the negro could turn on his maimed limb he attacked him
from the rear, and with one fortunate blow brought him to earth.
Instantly, before the giant could gather up his huge length and regain
his vantage, Codadad spurred forward and with a single sweep of his
sword smote off his head.

[Illustration: Reaching his farthest wounded the giant in the knee.]

Meanwhile, all breathless above, the lady had leaned watching the
contest. Now, seeing that victory was secured, she gave free vent to
her joy and gratitude. "O prince of men!" she cried, "now is revealed
to me the high rank to which thou wast born. Finish, then, thy work;
take from the girdle of yonder wretch the keys of the castle and come
quickly to the release of me and my fellow prisoners."

[Illustration: The lady advanced to meet him.]

The Prince did according to her directions; as he opened the gates and
entered the forecourt the lady advanced to meet him, ready, had he
permitted it, to throw herself in gratitude at his feet. And now, as he
beheld near at hand the beauty which had charmed him from a distance,
Codadad realized how great had been his fortune, and with his whole
heart rejoiced at the deliverance of one in whose nature so much virtue
and grace seemed blended.

But while he was thus lost in the contemplation of her loveliness there
arose from the basement of the castle a dreadful sound of crying and
lamentation. "What is that?" inquired the Prince. "It is the cry of the
prisoners," replied the lady, "to whom, I doubt not, the opening of the
gates has betokened the monster's return. Come, therefore, quickly and
relieve them of their misery." And so saying she pointed to the door
which led to the place of confinement.

Thither, accompanied by the lady, went Codadad with all speed.
Descending by a dark stair he came upon a vast cavern dimly lighted,
around the walls of which a hundred prisoners lay chained. Instantly
he set to work to loose their bonds, informing them at the same time
of the death of their captor and of their freedom from all further
danger. At these unexpected tidings the captives raised a cry of joy
and thanksgiving; but great as was their surprise at such unlooked-for
deliverance, greater still was that of the Prince when, on bringing
them to the light, he discovered that forty-nine of the hundred whom he
had released were his own brethren.

The Princes received the cordial embraces of their deliverer with
little embarrassment, for the disaster into which they had fallen had
caused them almost entirely to forget their original intent. Satisfied
with expressing in proper terms their obligation and gratitude toward
Codadad, they now joined eagerly in his survey of the castle; there
upon examination they found an extraordinary variety and wealth of
booty, consisting for the most part of merchandise which the negro had
pillaged from passing caravans, some of it actually belonging to those
whom Codadad had so recently rescued.

The Prince accordingly ordered the merchants each to take what he
recognized as his own; and this being done he divided the rest equally
between them. The question then arose how they should remove their
plunder from a place so desolately situated, where it would seem
impossible to procure means of conveyance; but on a further search
they found not only the camels of the merchants, but also the horses
on which the Princes of Harran had ridden; and as, at their approach
the black slaves who were in charge of the stables fell into headlong
flight, Codadad and his companions found themselves left in undisputed
possession. The merchants therefore loaded their camels, and with
renewed protestations of gratitude departed on the several roads by
which their avocations called them.

When they were gone Codadad's next care was to inquire of the lady in
what direction she wished to travel, promising that he and the Princes
would conduct her in safety to any place she might name. The lady
replied, thanking him for his generous offer. "But wherever I go,"
said she, "it cannot be to my own country, for not only is it too far
distant, but cruel misfortune has separated me from it for ever. And
since you have put me under so great an obligation, let me now confess
the truth which before I thought it prudent to conceal. My dignity of
rank is far higher than that to which I recently laid claim; in me you
behold a King's daughter, and if it will interest you to hear the story
of my misfortunes, I shall be happy to recount it." Assured of the
lively sympathy of her auditors she began as follows:


[Illustration: A city among the Isles named Deryabar.]

My father was the King of a city among the isles named Deryabar, and
I was his only child; for, in spite of his many prayers directed to
that end, Heaven had not granted him a son. And for this cause, though
he bestowed upon my education all imaginable care, the sight of me
remained displeasing to him. In order the better to forget his sorrow
he spent his days in hunting, and so he chanced on the event which
led to all our misfortunes. For one day, as he was riding unattended
in the forest, night overtook him and he knew not which way to turn.
Presently in the distance he perceived a light, and advancing towards
it he came upon a hut within which a monstrous negro stood basting an
ox that roasted before the fire. In the further corner of the hut lay
a beautiful woman with hands bound, and a face betokening the deepest
affliction, while at her feet a young child, between two and three
years of age, stretched up its arms and wailed without ceasing.

[Illustration: Presently in the distance he perceived a light.]

At this sight my father was filled with compassion, but his desire to
effect her rescue was restrained for a while by fear that a failure
might only make matters worse. In the meantime the giant, having
drained a pitcher of wine, sat down to eat. Presently he turned himself
about and addressed the lady. "Charming Princess," said he, "why will
you not accept the good things which are within your reach? Only yield
to me the love that I demand and you will find in me the gentlest
and most considerate of lords." To these advances, however, the lady
replied with resolution and courage. "Vile monster," she cried, "every
time I look at you does but increase my hatred and loathing toward you.
Unchangeable as the foulness of your appearance is the disgust with
which you inspire me!"

These words of violent provocation were no sooner uttered than the
negro, beside himself with rage, drew his sword, and seizing the lady
by the hair, lifted her from the ground in preparation for the blow
that would have ended all. Whereupon, seeing that not a moment was
to be lost, my father drew his bow and let fly an arrow with so good
an aim that pierced to the heart the giant fell dead. Immediately
entering the hut my father raised the lady from the swoon into which
she had fallen, and severing her bonds gave her the needed reassurance
that all danger was now over. Before long he learned in answer to his
inquiries that she had been wife to a chief of the Saracens, in whose
service the slain giant had, on account of his great strength, occupied
a position of trust. This, however, he had shamelessly betrayed; for
having conceived a violent passion for his master's wife, he first
persuaded the chief into an expedition which terminated in his death,
and then returning in haste carried away by force not only the lady but
her child also. From this degrading bondage my father's act had now
saved her; but though thus relieved of immediate danger, the wife of
the Saracen chief was both solitary and friendless, for not only was
she too far removed from her own land to return to it unaided, but she
had small hope, should she ever arrive there, of securing for her son
his rightful inheritance. This being the case my father, moved with
compassion, determined to adopt the child as his own; and as the lady
gratefully accepted his proposal, the next day as soon as it was light
he returned to Deryabar bringing with him mother and son.

Thus it came about that the son of a Saracen chief was brought up in my
father's palace like a Prince of the blood royal; and so, on attaining
to manhood, having both grace and good looks to recommend him, he
came to forget the comparative lowliness of his origin, and aspiring
to become my father's heir, had the presumption to demand my hand in

A claim so audacious merited the severest punishment, yet my father
merely remarked that he had other views concerning me, and with so
lenient a rebuke would have passed the matter by. His refusal, however,
excited in the proud youth the liveliest resentment; seeing that he
could not obtain his ambition by fair means he immediately entered into
conspiracy, and having treacherously slain my father, caused himself to
be made King in his place. Fresh from this monstrous crime he renewed
his suit for my hand, and was preparing to enforce it by violence, when
the vizier, who alone of all my fathers court had remained faithful
to his memory, found means to convey me from the palace to a sailing
vessel which was leaving harbour the same night.

[Illustration: The ship struck upon a rock.]

Here for a time I seemed to have reached safety, but when we had been
only three days at sea a violent storm arose, and the ship, driving
helplessly before it, struck upon a rock and went down leaving as
sole survivor the one who least wished to be spared. How I was saved
I know not, nor how long I lay unfriended by the desolate shore upon
which I had been cast; but scarcely had the consciousness of life
returned to me when I heard a multitudinous sound of swift galloping;
and presently, feeling myself lifted by men's hands, I turned and saw
halting near me a troop of Arab horsemen, and at their head a youth
royally arrayed and beautiful as the morning. Thus when my fortunes
were at their lowest I beheld him whom Heaven had sent not only to
afford me that deliverance of which I stood so much in need, but
also to restore me to the rank due to my birth. For let me confess
that after this young Prince had succoured me with the most tender
solicitude, conducting me in all honour to his own palace and there
lodging me under his mother's protection, I experienced towards him a
feeling of duty and gratitude such as would have made his lightest wish
my law. When therefore with an ardent and ever increasing devotion he
desired me to become his bride, I could not, upon the completion of my
recovery, refuse him the happiness he sought.

[Illustration: And presently, feeling myself lifted by men's hands.]

But the festivities of our marriage were scarcely ended, when suddenly
by night the city in which we dwelt was attacked by a band of
travelling marauders. The attack was so unexpected and so well planned
that the town was stormed and the garrison cut to pieces before any
news of the event had reached the palace. Under cover of darkness we
managed to escape, and fleeing to the sea shore took refuge on a small
fishing boat, in which we immediately put out to sea, hoping to find
in the rude winds and waves a safer shelter than our own walls had
afforded us.

For two days we drifted with wind and tide, not knowing any better
direction in which to turn; upon the third we perceived with relief
a ship bearing down upon us, but as we watched its approach our
satisfaction was soon changed to apprehension and dread, for we saw
clearly that those on board were neither fishermen nor traders, but
pirates. With rude shouts they boarded our small bark, and seizing
my husband and myself carried us captive to their own vessel. Here
the one who was their leader advanced towards me and pulled aside my
veil; whereupon a great clamour instantly arose among the crew, each
contending for the possession of me. The dispute upon this point grew
so warm that presently they fell to fighting; and a bitter and deadly
conflict was maintained till at last only a single pirate was left.
This one, who now regarded himself as my owner, proceeded to inform
me of what was to be my fate. "I have," he said, "a friend in Cairo
who has promised me a rich reward if I can supply him with a slave,
more beautiful than any of those that his harem now contains. The
distinction of earning me this reward shall be yours." "But tell me,"
he went on, turning towards the place where my husband stood bound,
"who is this youth that accompanies you? Is he a lover or a brother, or
only a servant?" "Sir," said, I "he is my husband." "In that case" he
replied, "out of pity we must get rid of him, for I would not afflict
him needlessly with the sight of another's happiness." And so saying,
he took my husband, all bound as he was, and threw him into the sea.

So great was my grief at the sight of this cruel deed, that had I not
been bound myself I should undoubtedly have sought the same end to my
sufferings. But for the sake of future profit the pirate took the most
watchful care of me, not only so long as we were on board the ship but
also when, a few days later, we came to port and there joined ourselves
to a large caravan which was about to start on the road to Cairo. While
thus travelling in apparent safety, we were suddenly attacked by the
terrible negro who lately owned this castle. After a long and dubious
conflict the pirate, and all who stood by him, were slain, while I and
those of the merchants who had remained timorously looking on were
seized, and brought hither as prisoners destined as it seemed for a
fate far more lingering and terrible. The rest of my story, brave
Prince, I need not here recount, since the shaping of it was so largely
in your own hands, and since to you alone is owed the happiness of its

[Illustration: The Princess of Deryabar.]

When the Princess of Deryabar had thus finished the tale of her
wanderings, Codadad hastened to assure her how deep was his sympathy in
all her misfortunes. "But if you will allow yourself," he continued,
"to be guided by me, your future life shall be one of safety and
tranquillity. You have but to come as my bride, and the King of Harran
will offer you an honourable welcome to his court; while, as regards
myself, my whole life shall be devoted to securing for you that
happiness which your grace and noble qualities prove that you deserve.
And that you may not regard this proposal as too presumptuous, I have
now to inform you, and also these Princes, concerning my birth and
rank. For I, too, am a son of the King of Harran, born to him at the
court of Samaria by his wife the Princess Pirouz\xE8, whom he had sent
unjustly into banishment."

This declaration on the part of Codadad so accorded with the
inclinations of the Princess that she at once yielded her consent,
and as the castle was full of provisions suitable for the occasion,
preparations were made firstto solemnize the marriage, and then for
all together to set forth on the return journey to Harran. As for
the Princes, though they received Codadad's news with every outward
protestation of joy, they were in fact more filled with apprehension
and jealousy than before, for they could not but fear that his favour
with the King would be greatly increased and become far more dangerous
to their interests when the true facts of his birth were revealed.
No sooner, therefore, had Codadad and the Princess passed to their
nuptials, than his brethren entered into a conspiracy to slay him; and
at the first halt upon the homeward journey, taking advantage of the
lack of protection which a tent affords, they came upon their brother
by night, and stabbing him in a hundred places as he lay asleep, left
him for dead in the arms of his bride. They then broke up the camp and
returned with all haste to the city of Harran, where, with a falsely
invented tale they excused themselves to the King for their long

In the meantime Codadad lay so spent by loss of blood that there
remained in him no sign of life. The Princess, his wife, distraught
with grief, had already given him up for dead. "O Heaven," she cried,
bathing his body with her tears, "why am I thus ever condemned to bring
on others disaster and death, and why for a second time have I been
deprived of the one I was about to love?"

[Illustration: She found to her grief the place where Codadad had lain
left vacant.]

As thus she continued to cry in piteous lamentation, and to gaze on the
senseless form lying before her, she thought that she perceived on the
lips a faint motion of breath. At once her hope revived, and springing
to her feet she ran instantly in the direction of the nearest village,
hoping to find there a surgeon or one that had skill in the binding of
wounds. Returning after a time with the aid that she had summoned she
found to her grief the place where Codadad had lain left vacant, nor
was there any trace or indication of the fate which had overtaken him.

Overwhelmed by this final catastrophe, and believing that some wild
beast must have devoured him, she suffered herself to be led away by
the surgeon, who, in pity for one so greatly afflicted, placed her
under the shelter of his own roof, and lavished upon her every mark of
consideration and respect. So, when she had sufficiently recovered,
for her griefs to find utterance he gathered from her own lips all the
circumstances of her story, her name and rank, the high and valiant
deeds of the Prince her husband, and the base ingratitude of his
brethren. And perceiving that her grief and sufferings had so robbed
her of the desire of life that without some end on which to direct her
will she would presently pass into a decline, the surgeon endeavoured
to arouse her to the pursuit of that just vengeance which the murder of
her husband had earned. "Do not" he said, "let the death of so noble a
Prince become a benefit to his enemies. Let us go together to the King
of Harran, and make known to him the guilt of these wicked brethren.
For surely the name of Codadad should live in story; but if you, whose
honour he saved, now sink under your affliction his name perishes with
you, and you have not retrieved your debt."

These words roused the Princess from her deep despondency; forming her
resolution on the surgeon's advice, she arose instantly and prepared
herself for the journey, and with such haste and diligence did she
pursue her project, that within two days she and her companion arrived
at the city of Harran.

Here strange news awaited them; for at all the caravanseri it was told
how lately there had come to the city an exiled wife of the King,
Princess Pirouz\xE8 by name, enquiring for news of her lost son; and how,
asnow appeared, this son had already been under a feigned designation
at his father's court, and after performing many exploits and deeds of
heroism had disappeared none knew whither. Forty-nine sons had the King
by different wives, but all these, it was declared, he would willingly
put to death so only that Codadad might be restored to him.

[Illustration: She and her companion arrived at the city of Harran.]

Now when the Princess of Deryabar heard this, she said, "I will go
to the Queen Pirouz\xE8 and make known to her the fate of her son, and
when we have wept together and drawn comfort from each other in our
grief then we will go before the King, and demand vengeance on the
murderers." But the surgeon said, "Have a care what you do; for if the
Princes of Harran learn of your arrival, they will not rest till they
have done to you as they did to your husband. Let us therefore proceed
with secrecy, so as to ensure safety, and do you on no account let
your presence here be known till the King has been thoroughly informed
of the whole matter." Then leaving the Princess in a place discreetly
chosen he went forth into the streets and began to direct his steps
towards the palace. Presently he was met by a lady mounted upon a mule
richly caparisoned, and behind her followed a great troop of guards and
attendants. As she approached the populace ran out of their houses and
stood in rows to see her go by, and when she passed all bowed down with
their faces to the earth. The surgeon inquired of a beggar stand-near
whether this was one of the King's wives. "Yes, brother," replied the
beggar, "and the best of them all; for she is the mother of Prince
Codadad, whom, now that he is lost, all hold in love and reverence. And
thus each day she goes to the mosque to hear the prayers which the King
has ordered for her son's safe return."

Seeing his course now clear the surgeon went and stood at the door of
the mosque, waiting the Queen's departure, and when she came forth
with all her attendants he plucked one of them by the sleeve and said
to him, "If the Queen would have news of her son, Prince Codadad, let
her send for the stranger who will be found waiting at the door of her
palace." So, as soon as Pirouz\xE8 had returned to her apartments, the
slave went in and gave his mistress the message. Then she sent in all
haste and caused the surgeon to be brought before her. And the surgeon
prostrated himself and said, "O Queen, let not the grief of the tidings
which I bear be visited upon me but on them that were the cause of it."
And she answered him, "Have peace, and say on!" So he told her, as has
been here set forth, the full story of all the courage and prowess
of Codadad, and of his generosity towards his brethren, also of his
marriage to the Princess of Deryabar and of what followed after. But
when he came to speak of the slaying of her son, the tender mother,
as though receiving in her own body the strokes of the murderers
fell forward upon the ground, and there for a while lay motionless
without sign of life. When however the surgeon, aided by her women,
had restored her to consciousness, then Pirouz\xE8, putting aside all
personal grief, set her mind upon the accomplishment of the duty which
now lay before her. "Go instantly," she said, "and tell the Princess
of Deryabar that the King will shortly receive her with all the honour
due to her rank. As for yourself, be assured that your services will be

Hardly had the surgeon departed, when the King himself entered, and
the sight of his Queen's deep affliction at once informed him that
something dreadful must have occurred. "Alas," she cried, "our son
no longer exists, nor is it even possible to pay to his body those
last rites which were due to his rank and virtue, for stricken by
treacherous hands and left to perish unprotected he has fallen a prey
to wild beasts so that not a trace of him remains." She then proceeded
to inform her husband of all the horrible circumstances which the
surgeon had narrated.

But before she had ended the King became so transported with rage and
grief that he could no longer delay the setting in motion of his just
vengeance. Repairing in haste to the hall of audience, where courtiers
and suitors stood waiting, he summoned to him his grand vizier with
so much fury of countenance that all trembled for their lives. "Go
instantly," he cried, "arrest all the Princes, and convey them under
a strong guard to the prison assigned for murderers!" The vizier,
not daring to question an order so terribly uttered, went forth and
fulfilled the King's command with all speed. On his return to the
palace for the presentation of his report, a further order almost
equally surprising awaited him. The King described to him a certain inn
lying in a poor quarter of the city. "Go thither," said he, "take with
you slaves and high attendants, a white mule from the royal stables,
and a guard of honour, and bring hither with all the respect due to her
rank the young Princess whom you shall find there."

[Illustration: And taking her hand he led her to the apartments of the
Queen Pirouz\xE8.]

The vizier, with revived spirits, went forth to fulfil this second
mission, so much more agreeable to him than the first; and presently
there arose from the streets leading to the palace the acclamations of
the populace because of the magnificence and splendour which announced
the arrival of the unknown Princess. The King, as a token of respect,
stood waiting at the palace gates to receive her, and taking her
hand he led her to the apartments of the Queen Pirouz\xE8. Here at the
meeting of mother and wife a scene of the most tender and heart-rending
affliction took place. The King himself was so moved by it that he
had not the heart to refuse to them any request. So when they came
and besought for the absent those funeral honours which under other
circumstances would have been his due, he gave orders for a dome of
marble to be erected on the plain by which the city of Harran lies
surrounded. And with such speed was the work put in hand, and so large
was the number of men employed upon it, that within three days the
entire building was completed.

On the day following the obsequies began. All was done with the
greatest solemnity and splendour. First came the King attended by his
vizier and all the officers and lords of his palace; and entering the
tomb, in which lay an effigy of Codadad, they seated themselves on
carpets of mourning bordered with gold. Then followed the chiefs of the
army mounted upon horses and bewailing the loss of him who had led them
to victory; behind these came old men upon black mules, with long robes
and flowing beards; and after these maidens on white horses, with heads
unveiled, bearing in their hands baskets of precious stones. Now when
these had approached and compassed the dome three times about, then the
King rose up to speak the dismissal of the dead. Touching with his brow
the tomb whereon the effigy lay, he cried in a loud voice, "O my dear
son, O light of mine eyes, O joy that is lost to me for ever." After
him all the lords and the chiefs and the elders came and prostrated
themselves in like manner; and when the ceremony was ended the doors of
the tomb were shut and all the people returned to the city.

[Illustration: After these, maidens on white horses, with heads
unveiled, bearing in their hands baskets of precious stones.]

Now after this there was prayer and fasting in the mosque for eight
days, and on the ninth the King gave orders that the Princes were to be
beheaded. But meanwhile the neighbouring powers, whose arms the King
of Harran had defeated, as soon as they heard that Codadad was dead,
banded themselves together in strong alliance, and with a great host
began to advance upon the city. Then the King caused the execution to
be postponed, and making a hasty levy of his forces went forth to meet
the enemy in the open plain.

And there battle was joined with such valour and determination on
both sides that for a time the issue remained doubtful. Nevertheless,
because the men of Harran were fewer in number they began to be
surrounded by their enemies; but at the very moment when all seemed
lost they saw in the distance a large body of horsemen advancing at the
charge; and while both combatants were yet uncertain of their purpose,
these fell furiously and without warning upon the ranks of the allies,
and throwing them into sudden disorder drove them in rout from the

With the success of their arms thus established the two leaders of the
victorious forces advanced to meet each other in the presence of the
whole army, and great was the joy and astonishment of the King when
he discovered in the leader of the lately-arrived troop his lost son
Codadad. The Prince, for his part, was equally delighted to find in his
father's welcome the recognition for which he had yearned.

When the long transport of their meeting embrace was over, the Prince,
as they began to converse, perceived with surprise how much was already
known to the King of past events. "What?" he inquired, "has one of my
brothers awakened to his guilt, and confessed that which I had meant
should ever remain a secret?" "Not so," replied the King, "from the
Princess of Deryabar alone have I learned the truth. For she it was who
came to demand vengeance for the crime which your brothers would still
have concealed."

At this unlooked-for news of the safety of the Princess and of her
arrival at his father's court, Codadad's joy was beyond words, and
greatly was it increased when he heard of his mother's reinstatement
in the King's favour with the honour and dignity due to her rank. He
now began to perceive how events had shaped themselves in his absence,
and how the King had already become informed of the bond that existed
between them. As for the rest of his adventures, together with the
circumstance which had led to his disappearance and supposed death,
they were soon explained. For when the Princess had left Codadad in
her desperate search for aid, there chanced that way a travelling
pedlar; and he, finding the youth apparently deserted and dying of
his wounds, took pity on him, and placing him upon his mule bore him
to his own house. There with medicinal herbs and simple arts unknown
in the palaces of kings he had accomplished a cure which others would
have thought impossible, so that in a short time Codadad's strength
was completely restored. Thereupon the Prince impatient for reunion
with those whom he loved, bestowed on the pedlar all the wealth that he
possessed, and immediately set forth toward the city of Harran.

On the road news reached him of the fresh outbreak of hostilities
followed by the invasion of his father's territory. Passing from
village to village he roused and armed the inhabitants, and by the
excellence of his example made such soldiers of them that they were
able in the fortunate moment of their arrival to decide the issue of
the conflict and give victory to the King's arms.

"And now, sire," said the Prince in conclusion, "I have only one
request to make: since in the event all things have turned out so
happily, I beg you to pardon my brothers in order that I may prove to
them in the future how groundless were the resentment and jealousy that
they felt toward me."

These generous sentiments drew tears from the King's eyes and removed
from his mind all doubt as to the wisdom of the resolution he had been
forming. Immediately before the assembled army he declared Codadad
his heir, and, as an act of grace to celebrate his son's return,
gave orders for the Princes to be released. He then led Codadad with
all speed to the palace, where Pirouz\xE8 and her daughter-in-law were
anxiously awaiting them.

In the joy of that meeting the Prince and his wife were repaid a
thousandfold for all the griefs and hardships they had undergone: and
their delight in each other's society remained so great that in all the
world no happiness has been known to equal it. The Princes half died
of shame when the means by which their pardon had been procured was
revealed to them; but before long the natural insensibility of their
characters reasserted itself and they recovered.

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