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Title: Tales From the Telling-House
Author: Blackmore, R. D. (Richard Doddridge)
Language: English
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Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

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  St. Dunstan’s House


Sometimes of a night, when the spirit of a dream flits away for a waltz
with the shadow of a pen, over dreary moors and dark waters, I behold
an old man, with a keen profile, under a parson’s shovel hat, riding
a tall chestnut horse up the western slope of Exmoor, followed by his
little grandson upon a shaggy and stuggy pony.

In the hazy folds of lower hills, some four or five miles behind them,
may be seen the ancient Parsonage, where the lawn is a russet sponge of
moss, and a stream tinkles under the dining-room floor, and the pious
rook, poised on the pulpit of his nest, reads a hoarse sermon to the
chimney-pots below. There is the home not of rooks alone, and parson,
and dogs that are scouring the moor; but also of the patches of hurry
we can see, and the bevies of bleating haste, converging by force of
men and dogs towards the final _rendezvous_, the autumnal muster of the
clans of wool.

For now the shrill piping of the northwest wind, and the browning
of furze and heather, and a scollop of snow upon Oare-oak Hill,
announce that the roving of soft green height, and the browsing of
sunny hollow, must be changed for the durance of hurdled quads, and
the monotonous munch of turnips. The joy of a scurry from the shadow
of a cloud, the glory of a rally with a hundred heads in line, the
pleasure of polishing a coign of rock, the bliss of beholding flat
nose, brown eyes, and fringy forehead, approaching round a corner for
a sheepish talk, these and every other jollity of freedom--what is
now become of them? Gone! Like a midsummer dream, or the vision of a
blue sky, pastured--to match the green hill--with white forms floating
peacefully; a sky, where no dog can be, much less a man, only the
fleeces of the gentle flock of heaven. Lackadaisy, and well-a-day! How
many of you will be woolly ghosts like them, before you are two months

My grandfather knows what fine mutton is, though his grandson indites
of it by memory alone. “Ha, ha!” shouts the happier age, amid the
bleating turmoil, the yelping of dogs, and the sprawling of shepherds;
“John Fry, put your eye on that wether, the one with his J. B. upside
down, we’ll have a cut out of him on Sunday week, please God. Why, you
stupid fellow, you don’t even know a B yet! That is Farmer Passmore’s
mark you have got hold of. Two stomachs to a B; will you never
understand? Just look at what you’re doing! Here come James Bowden’s
and he has got a lot of ours! _Shep_ is getting stupid, and deaf as a
post. _Watch_ is worth ten of him. Good dog, good dog! You won’t let
your master be cheated. How many of ours, John Fry? Quick now! You can
tell, if you can’t read; and I can read quicker than I can tell.”

“Dree score, and vower Maister; ‘cardin’ to my rackonin’. Dree score
and zax it waz as us toorned out, zeventh of June, God knows it waz.
Wan us killed, long of harvest-taime; and wan tummled into bog-hole,
across yanner to Mole’s Chimmers.”

“But,” says the little chap on the shaggy pony, “John Fry, where are
the four that ought to have R. D. B. on them? You promised me, on the
blade of your knife, before I went to school again, that my two lambs
should have their children marked the same as they were.”

John turns redder than his own sheep’s-redding. He knows that he has
been caught out in a thumping lie, and although that happens to him
almost every day, his conscience has a pure complexion still. “’Twaz
along of the rains as wasshed ’un out.” In vain has he scratched his
head for a finer lie.

“Grandfather, you know that I had two lambs, and you let me put
R. D. B. on them with both my hands, after the shearing-time last year,
and I got six shillings for their wool the next time, and I gave it to
a boy who thrashed a boy that bullied me. And Aunt Mary Anne wrote to
tell me at school that my two lambs had increased two each, all of them
sheep; and there was sure to be a lot of money soon for me. And so I
went and promised it right and left, and how can I go back to school,
and be called a liar? You call this the _Telling-house_, because
people come here to tell their own sheep from their neighbours’, when
they fetch them home again. But I should say it was because they tell
such stories here. And if that is the reason, I know who can tell the
biggest ones.”

With the pride of a conscious author, he blushes, that rogue of a John
Fry blushes, wherever he has shaved within the last three weeks of his
false life.

“Never mind, my boy; story-telling never answers in the end,” says my
Grandfather--oh how could he thus foresee my fate? “Be sure you always
speak the truth.”

That advice have I followed always. And if I lost my four sheep then,
through the plagiarism of that bad fellow, by hook or crook I have
fetched four more out of the wilderness of the past; and I only wish
they were better mutton, for the pleasure of old friends who like a
simple English joint.


  _Old Christmas Day, 1896_




        I. AFTER A STORMY LIFE,       1

       II. BY A QUIET RIVER,         12

      III. WISE COUNSEL,             22

       IV. A COTTAGE HOSPITAL,       33

        V. MISTAKEN AIMS,            43

       VI. OVER THE BRIDGE,          55


  GEORGE BOWRING,                   135

  CROCKER’S HOLE,                   203




To hear people talking about North Devon, and the savage part called
Exmoor, you might almost think that there never was any place in the
world so beautiful, or any living men so wonderful. It is not my
intention to make little of them, for they would be the last to permit
it; neither do I feel ill will against them for the pangs they allowed
me to suffer; for I dare say they could not help themselves, being
so slow-blooded, and hard to stir even by their own egrimonies. But
when I look back upon the things that happened, and were for a full
generation of mankind accepted as the will of God, I say, that the
people who endured them must have been born to be ruled by the devil.
And in thinking thus I am not alone; for the very best judges of that
day stopped short of that end of the world, because the law would not
go any further. Nevertheless, every word is true of what I am going
to tell, and the stoutest writer of history cannot make less of it by

My father was Sylvester Ford of Quantock, in the county of Somerset,
a gentleman of large estate as well as ancient lineage. Also of high
courage and resolution not to be beaten, as he proved in his many
rides with Prince Rupert, and woe that I should say it! in his most
sad death. To this he was not looking forward much, though turned of
threescore years and five; and his only child and loving daughter,
Sylvia, which is myself, had never dreamed of losing him. For he
was exceeding fond of me, little as I deserved it, except by loving
him with all my heart and thinking nobody like him. And he without
anything to go upon, except that he was my father, held, as I have
often heard, as good an opinion of me.

Upon the triumph of that hard fanatic, the Brewer, who came to a
timely end by the justice of high Heaven--my father, being disgusted
with England as well as banished from her, and despoiled of all his
property, took service on the Continent, and wandered there for many
years, until the replacement of the throne. Thereupon he expected, as
many others did, to get his estates restored to him, and perhaps to be
held in high esteem at court, as he had a right to be. But this did
not so come to pass. Excellent words were granted him, and promise of
tenfold restitution; on the faith of which he returned to Paris, and
married a young Italian lady of good birth and high qualities, but with
nothing more to come to her. Then, to his great disappointment, he
found himself left to live upon air--which, however distinguished, is
not sufficient--and love, which, being fed so easily, expects all who
lodge with it to live upon itself.

My father was full of strong loyalty; and the king (in his value of
that sentiment) showed faith that it would support him. His majesty
took both my father’s hands, having learned that hearty style in
France, and welcomed him with most gracious warmth, and promised him
more than he could desire. But time went on, and the bright words
faded, like a rose set bravely in a noble vase, without any nurture
under it.

Another man had been long established in our hereditaments by the
Commonwealth; and he would not quit them of his own accord, having a
sense of obligation to himself. Nevertheless, he went so far as to
offer my father a share of the land, if some honest lawyers, whom he
quoted, could find proper means for arranging it. But my father said:
“If I cannot have my rights, I will have my wrongs. No mixture of the
two for me.” And so, for the last few years of his life, being now
very poor and a widower, he took refuge in an outlandish place, a house
and small property in the heart of Exmoor, which had come to the Fords
on the spindle side, and had been overlooked when their patrimony was
confiscated by the Brewer. Of him I would speak with no contempt,
because he was ever as good as his word.

In the course of time, we had grown used to live according to our
fortunes. And I verily believe that we were quite content, and
repined but little at our lost importance. For my father was a very
simple-minded man, who had seen so much of uproarious life, and the
falsehood of friends, and small glitter of great folk, that he was glad
to fall back upon his own good will. Moreover he had his books, and me;
and as he always spoke out his thoughts, he seldom grudged to thank the
Lord for having left both of these to him. I felt a little jealous of
his books now and then, as a very poor scholar might be; but reason is
the proper guide for women, and we are quick enough in discerning it,
without having to borrow it from books.

At any rate now we were living in a wood, and trees were the only
creatures near us, to the best of our belief and wish. Few might say
in what part of the wood we lived, unless they saw the smoke ascending
from our single chimney; so thick were the trees, and the land they
stood on so full of sudden rise and fall. But a little river called the
Lynn makes a crooked border to it, and being for its size as noisy a
water as any in the world perhaps, can be heard all through the trees
and leaves to the very top of the Warren Wood. In the summer all this
was sweet and pleasant; but lonely and dreary and shuddersome, when the
twigs bore drops instead of leaves, and the ground would not stand to
the foot, and the play of light and shadow fell, like the lopping of a
tree, into one great lump.

Now there was a young man about this time, and not so very distant from
our place--as distances are counted there--who managed to make himself
acquainted with us, although we lived so privately. To me it was a
marvel, both why and how he did it; seeing what little we had to offer,
and how much we desired to live alone. But Mrs. Pring told me to look
in the glass, if I wanted to know the reason; and while I was blushing
with anger at that, being only just turned eighteen years, and thinking
of nobody but my father, she asked if I had never heard the famous
rhymes made by the wise woman at Tarr-steps:

    “Three fair maids live upon Exymoor,
    The rocks, and the woods, and the dairy-door.
    The son of a baron shall woo all three,
    But barren of them all shall the young man be.”

Of the countless things I could never understand, one of the very
strangest was how Deborah Pring, our only domestic, living in the
lonely depths of this great wood, and seeming to see nobody but
ourselves, in spite of all that contrived to know as much of the doings
of the neighbourhood as if she went to market twice a week. But my
father cared little for any such stuff; coming from a better part of
the world, and having been mixed with mighty issues and making of great
kingdoms, he never said what he thought of these little combings of
petty pie crust, because it was not worth his while. And yet he seemed
to take a kindly liking to the young De Wichehalse; not as a youth
of birth only, but as one driven astray perhaps by harsh and austere
influence. For his father, the baron, was a godly man,--which is much
to the credit of anyone, growing rarer and rarer, as it does,--and
there should be no rasp against such men, if they would only bear in
mind that in their time they had been young, and were not quite so
perfect then. But lo! I am writing as if I knew a great deal more than
I could know until the harrow passed over me.

No one, however, need be surprised at the favour this young man
obtained with all who came into his converse. Handsome, and beautiful
as he was, so that bold maids longed to kiss him, it was the sadness
in his eyes, and the gentle sense of doom therein, together with a
laughing scorn of it, that made him come home to our nature, in a way
that it feels but cannot talk of. And he seemed to be of the past
somehow, although so young and bright and brave; of the time when
greater things were done, and men would die for women. That he should
woo three maids in vain, to me was a stupid old woman’s tale.

“Sylvia,” my father said to me, when I was not even thinking of
him, “no more converse must we hold with that son of the Baron de
Wichehalse. I have ordered Pring to keep the door; and Mistress Pring,
who hath the stronger tongue, to come up if he attempted to dispute;
the while I go away to catch our supper.”

He was bearing a fishing rod made by himself, and a basket strapped
over his shoulders.

“But why, father? Why should such a change be? How hath the young
gentleman displeased thee?” I put my face into his beard as I spoke,
that I might not appear too curious.

“Is it so?” he answered, “then high time is it. No more shall he enter
this”--_house_ he would have said, but being so truthful changed it
into--“hut. I was pleased with the youth. He is gentle and kind; but
weak--my dear child, remember that. Why are we in this hut, my dear?
and thou, the heiress of the best land in the world, now picking up
sticks in the wilderness? Because the man who should do us right is
weak, and wavering, and careth but for pleasure. So is this young
Marwood de Wichehalse. He rideth with the Doones. I knew it not, but
now that I know, it is enough.”

My father was of tall stature and fine presence, and his beard shone
like a cascade of silver. It was not the manner of the young as yet
to argue with their elders, and though I might have been a little
fluttered by the comely gallant’s lofty talk and gaze of daring
melancholy, I said good-bye to him in my heart, as I kissed my noble
father. Shall I ever cease to thank the Lord that I proved myself a
good daughter then?



Living as we did all by ourselves, and five or six miles away from
the Robbers’ Valley, we had felt little fear of the Doones hitherto,
because we had nothing for them to steal except a few books, the sight
of which would only make them swear and ride away. But now that I
was full-grown, and beginning to be accounted comely, my father was
sometimes uneasy in his mind, as he told Deborah, and she told me; for
the outlaws showed interest in such matters, even to the extent of
carrying off young women who had won reputation thus. Therefore he left
Thomas Pring at home, with the doors well-barred, and two duck guns
loaded, and ordered me not to quit the house until he should return
with a creel of trout for supper. Only our little boy Dick Hutchings
was to go with him, to help when his fly caught in the bushes.

My father set off in the highest spirits, as anglers always seem to
do, to balance the state in which they shall return; and I knew not,
neither did anyone else, what a bold stroke he was resolved upon. When
it was too late, we found out that, hearing so much of that strange
race, he desired to know more about them, scorning the idea that men
of birth could ever behave like savages, and forgetting that they had
received no chance of being tamed, as rough spirits are by the lessons
of the battlefield. No gentleman would ever dream of attacking an
unarmed man, he thought; least of all one whose hair was white. And so
he resolved to fish the brook which ran away from their stronghold,
believing that he might see some of them, and hoping for a peaceful

We waited and waited for his pleasant face, and long, deliberate step
upon the steep, and cheerful shout for his Sylvia, to come and ease
down his basket, and say--“Well done, father!” But the shadows of the
trees grew darker, and the song of the gray-bird died out among them,
and the silent wings of the owl swept by, and all the mysterious sounds
of night in the depth of forest loneliness, and the glimmer of a star
through the leaves here and there, to tell us that there still was
light in heaven--but of an earthly father not a sign; only pain, and
long sighs, and deep sinking of the heart.

But why should I dwell upon this? All women, being of a gentle and
loving kind,--unless they forego their nature,--know better than I at
this first trial knew, the misery often sent to us. I could not believe
it, and went about in a dreary haze of wonder, getting into dark
places, when all was dark, and expecting to be called out again and
asked what had made such a fool of me. And so the long night went at
last, and no comfort came in the morning. But I heard a great crying,
sometime the next day, and ran back from the wood to learn what it
meant, for there I had been searching up and down, not knowing whither
I went or why. And lo, it was little Dick Hutchings at our door, and
Deborah Pring held him by the coat-flap, and was beating him with one
of my father’s sticks.

“I tell ’ee, they Doo-uns has done for ’un,” the boy was roaring
betwixt his sobs; “dree on ’em, dree on ’em, and he’ve a killed one.
The squire be layin’ as dead as a sto-un.”

Mrs. Pring smacked him on the mouth, for she saw that I had heard it.
What followed I know not, for down I fell, and the sense of life went
from me.

There was little chance of finding Thomas Pring, or any other man to
help us, for neighbours were none, and Thomas was gone everywhere he
could think of to look for them. Was I likely to wait for night again,
and then talk for hours about it? I recovered my strength when the sun
went low; and who was Deborah Pring, to stop me? She would have come,
but I would not have it; and the strength of my grief took command of

Little Dick Hutchings whistled now, I remember that he whistled, as he
went through the wood in front of me. Who had given him the breeches on
his legs and the hat upon his shallow pate? And the poor little coward
had skiddered away, and slept in a furze rick, till famine drove him
home. But now he was set up again by gorging for an hour, and chattered
as if he had done a great thing.

There must have been miles of rough walking through woods, and tangles,
and craggy and black boggy hollows, until we arrived at a wide open
space where two streams ran into one another.

“Thic be Oare watter,” said the boy, “and t’other over yonner be
Badgery. Squire be dead up there; plaise, Miss Sillie, ’ee can goo
vorrard and vaind ’un.”

He would go no further; but I crossed the brook, and followed the
Badgery stream, without knowing, or caring to know, where I was. The
banks, and the bushes, and the rushing water went by me until I came
upon--but though the Lord hath made us to endure such things, he hath
not compelled us to enlarge upon them.

In the course of the night kind people came, under the guidance of
Thomas Pring, and they made a pair of wattles such as farmers use for
sheep, and carried home father and daughter, one sobbing and groaning
with a broken heart, and the other that should never so much as sigh
again. Troubles have fallen upon me since, as the will of the Lord is
always; but none that I ever felt like that, and for months everything
was the same to me.

But inasmuch as it has been said by those who should know better,
that my father in some way provoked his merciless end by those vile
barbarians, I will put into plainest form, without any other change,
except from outlandish words, the tale received from Dick Hutchings,
the boy, who had seen and heard almost everything while crouching in
the water and huddled up inside a bush.

“Squire had catched a tidy few, and he seemed well pleased with
himself, and then we came to a sort of a hollow place where one brook
floweth into the other. Here he was a-casting of his fly, most careful,
for if there was ever a trout on the feed, it was like to be a big one,
and lucky for me I was keeping round the corner when a kingfisher bird
flew along like a string-bolt, and there were three great men coming
round a fuzz-bush, and looking at squire, and he back to them. Down
goes I, you may say sure enough, with all of me in the water but my
face, and that stuck into a wutts-clump, and my teeth making holes in
my naked knees, because of the way they were shaking.

“‘Ho, fellow!’ one of them called out to squire, as if he was no better
than father is, ‘who give thee leave to fish in our river?’

“‘Open moor,’ says squire, ‘and belongeth to the king, if it belongeth
to anybody. Any of you gentlemen hold his majesty’s warrant to forbid
an old officer of his?’

“That seemed to put them in a dreadful rage, for to talk of a warrant
was unpleasant to them.

“‘Good fellow, thou mayest spin spider’s webs, or jib up and down like
a gnat,’ said one, ‘but such tricks are not lawful upon land of ours.
Therefore render up thy spoil.’

“Squire walked up from the pebbles at that, and he stood before the
three of them, as tall as any of them. And he said, ‘You be young men,
but I am old. Nevertheless, I will not be robbed by three, or by thirty
of you. If you be cowards enough, come on.’

“Two of them held off, and I heard them say, ‘Let him alone, he is a
brave old cock.’ For you never seed anyone look more braver, and his
heart was up with righteousness. But the other, who seemed to be the
oldest of the three, shouted out something, and put his leg across, and
made at the squire with a long blue thing that shone in the sun, like
a looking-glass. And the squire, instead of turning round to run away
as he should have, led at him with the thick end of the fishing rod, to
which he had bound an old knife of Mother Pring’s for to stick it in
the grass, while he put his flies on. And I heard the old knife strike
the man in his breast, and down he goes dead as a door-nail. And before
I could look again almost, another man ran a long blade into squire,
and there he was lying as straight as a lath, with the end of his white
beard as red as a rose. At that I was so scared that I couldn’t look no
more, and the water came bubbling into my mouth, and I thought I was at
home along of mother.

“By and by, I came back to myself with my face full of scratches in
a bush, and the sun was going low, and the place all as quiet as
Cheriton church. But the noise of the water told me where I was; and I
got up, and ran for the life of me, till I came to the goyal. And then
I got into a fuzz-rick, and slept all night, for I durstn’t go home to
tell Mother Pring. But I just took a look before I began to run, and
the Doone that was killed was gone away, but the squire lay along with
his arms stretched out, as quiet as a sheep before they hang him up to



Some pious people seem not to care how many of their dearest hearts
the Lord in heaven takes from them. How well I remember that in later
life, I met a beautiful young widow, who had loved her husband with
her one love, and was left with twin babies by him. I feared to speak,
for I had known him well, and thought her the tenderest of the tender,
and my eyes were full of tears for her. But she looked at me with some
surprise, and said: “You loved my Bob, I know,” for he was a cousin of
my own, and as good a man as ever lived, “but, Sylvia, you must not
commit the sin of grieving for him.”

It may be so, in a better world, if people are allowed to die there;
but as long as we are here, how can we help being as the Lord has made
us? The sin, as it seems to me, would be to feel or fancy ourselves
case-hardened against the will of our Maker, which so often is--that
we should grieve. Without a thought how that might be, I did the
natural thing, and cried about the death of my dear father until I was
like to follow him. But a strange thing happened in a month or so of
time, which according to Deborah saved my life, by compelling other
thoughts to come. My father had been buried in a small churchyard, with
nobody living near it, and the church itself was falling down, through
scarcity of money on the moor. The Warren, as our wood was called, lay
somewhere in the parish of Brendon, a straggling country, with a little
village somewhere, and a blacksmith’s shop and an ale house, but no
church that anyone knew of, till you came to a place called Cheriton.
And there was a little church all by itself, not easy to find, though
it had four bells, which nobody dared to ring, for fear of his head
and the burden above it. But a boy would go up the first Sunday of each
month, and strike the liveliest of them with a poker from the smithy.
And then a brave parson, who feared nothing but his duty, would make
his way in, with a small flock at his heels, and read the Psalms of the
day, and preach concerning the difficulty of doing better. And it was
accounted to the credit of the Doones that they never came near him,
for he had no money.

The Fords had been excellent Catholics always; but Thomas and Deborah
Pring, who managed everything while I was overcome, said that the
church, being now so old, must have belonged to us, and therefor might
be considered holy. The parson also said that it would do, for he was
not a man of hot persuasions. And so my dear father lay there, without
a stone, or a word to tell who he was, and the grass began to grow.

Here I was sitting one afternoon in May, and the earth was beginning to
look lively; when a shadow from the west fell over me, and a large,
broad man stood behind it. If I had been at all like myself, a thing of
that kind would have frightened me; but now the strings of my system
seemed to have nothing like a jerk in them, for I cared not whither I
went, nor how I looked, nor whether I went anywhere.

“Child! poor child!” It was a deep, soft voice of distant yet large
benevolence. “Almost a woman, and a comely one, for those who think of
such matters. Such a child I might have owned, if Heaven had been kind
to me.”

Low as I was of heart and spirit, I could not help looking up at him;
for Mother Pring’s voice, though her meaning was so good, sounded
like a cackle in comparison to this. But when I looked up, such
encouragement came from a great benign and steadfast gaze that I turned
away my eyes, as I felt them overflow. But he said not a word, for his
pity was too deep, and I thanked him in my heart for that.

“Pardon me if I am wrong,” I said, with my eyes on the white flowers
I had brought and arranged as my father would have liked them; “but
perhaps you are the clergyman of this old church.” For I had lain
senseless and moaning on the ground when my father was carried away to
be buried.

“How often am I taken for a clerk in holy orders! And in better times I
might have been of that sacred vocation, though so unworthy. But I am a
member of the older church, and to me all this is heresy.”

There was nothing of bigotry in our race, and we knew that we must put
up with all changes for the worst; yet it pleased me not a little that
so good a man should be also a sound Catholic.

“There are few of us left, and we are persecuted. Sad calumnies are
spread about us,” this venerable man proceeded, while I gazed on the
silver locks that fell upon his well-worn velvet coat. “But of such
things we take small heed, while we know that the Lord is with us.
Haply even you, young maiden, have listened to slander about us.”

I told him with some concern, although not caring much for such things
now, that I never had any chance of listening to tales about anybody,
and was yet without the honour of even knowing who he was.

“Few indeed care for that point now,” he answered, with a toss of his
glistening curls, and a lift of his broad white eyebrows. “Though there
has been a time when the noblest of this earth--but vanity, vanity, the
wise man saith. Yet some good I do in my quiet little way. There is a
peaceful company among these hills, respected by all who conceive them
aright. My child, perhaps you have heard of them?”

I replied sadly that I had not done so, but hoped that he would forgive
me as one unacquainted with that neighbourhood. But I knew that there
might be godly monks still in hiding, for the service of God in the

“So far as the name goes, we are not monastics,” he said, with a
sparkle in his deep-set eyes; “we are but a family of ancient lineage,
expelled from our home in these irreligious times. It is no longer
in our power to do all the good we would, and therefore we are much
undervalued. Perhaps you have heard of the Doones, my child?”

To me it was a wonder that he spoke of them thus, for his look was of
beautiful mildness, instead of any just condemnation. But his aspect
was as if he came from heaven; and I thought that he had a hard job
before him, if he were sent to conduct the Doones thither.

“I am not severe; I think well of mankind,” he went on, as I looked at
him meekly; “perhaps because I am one of them. You are very young, my
dear, and unable to form much opinion as yet. But let it be your rule
of life ever to keep an open mind.”

This advice impressed me much, though I could not see clearly what it
meant. But the sun was going beyond Exmoor now, and safe as I felt with
so good an old man, a long, lonely walk was before me. So I took up my
basket and rose to depart, saying, “Good-bye, sir; I am much in your
debt for your excellent advice and kindness.”

He looked at me most benevolently, and whatever may be said of him
hereafter, I shall always believe that he was a good man, overcome
perhaps by circumstances, yet trying to make the best of them. He
has now become a by-word as a hypocrite and a merciless self-seeker.
But many young people, who met him as I did, without possibility of
prejudice, hold a larger opinion of him. And surely young eyes are the

“I will protect thee, my dear,” he said, looking capable in his
great width and wisdom of protecting all the host of heaven. “I have
protected a maiden even more beautiful than thou art. But now she hath
unwisely fled from us. Our young men are thoughtless, but they are not
violent, at least until they are sadly provoked. Your father was a
brave man, and much to be esteemed. My brother, the mildest man that
ever lived, hath ridden down hundreds of Roundheads with him. Therefore
thou shalt come to no harm. But he should not have fallen upon our
young men as if they were rabble of the Commonwealth.”

Upon these words I looked at him I know not how, so great was the
variance betwixt my ears and eyes. Then I tried to say something, but
nothing would come, so entire was my amazement.

“Such are the things we have ever to contend with,” he continued,
as if to himself, with a smile of compassion at my prejudice. “Nay,
I am not angry; I have seen so much of this. Right and wrong stand
fast, and cannot be changed by any facundity. But time is short, and
will soon be stirring. Have a backway from thy bedroom, child. I am
Councillor Doone; by birthright and in right of understanding, the
captain of that pious family, since the return of the good Sir Ensor
to the land where there are no lies. So long as we are not molested in
our peaceful valley, my will is law; and I have ordered that none shall
go near thee. But a mob of country louts are drilling in a farmyard
up the moorlands, to plunder and destroy us, if they can. We shall
make short work of them. But after that, our youths may be provoked
beyond control, and sally forth to make reprisal. They have their eyes
on thee, I know, and thy father hath assaulted us. An ornament to our
valley thou wouldst be; but I would reproach myself if the daughter of
my brother’s friend were discontented with our life. Therefore have
I come to warn thee, for there are troublous times in front. Have a
backway from thy bedroom, child, and slip out into the wood if a noise
comes in the night.”

Before I could thank him, he strode away, with a step of no small
dignity, and as he raised his pointed hat, the western light showed
nothing fairer or more venerable than the long wave of his silver



Master Pring was not much of a man to talk. But for power of thought he
was considered equal to any pair of other men, and superior of course
to all womankind. Moreover, he had seen a good deal of fighting, not
among outlaws, but fine soldiers well skilled in the proper style of
it. So that it was impossible for him to think very highly of the
Doones. Gentlemen they might be, he said, and therefore by nature well
qualified to fight. But where could they have learned any discipline,
any tactics, any knowledge of formation, or even any skill of sword or
firearms? “Tush, there was his own son, Bob, now serving under Captain
Purvis, as fine a young trooper as ever drew sword, and perhaps on his
way at this very moment, under orders from the Lord Lieutenant, to rid
the country of that pestilent race. Ah, ha! We soon shall see!”

And in truth we did see him, even sooner than his own dear mother had
expected, and long before his father wanted him, though he loved him so
much in his absence. For I heard a deep voice in the kitchen one night
(before I was prepared for such things, by making a backway out of my
bedroom), and thinking it best to know the worst, went out to ask what
was doing there.

A young man was sitting upon the table, accounting too little of our
house, yet showing no great readiness to boast, only to let us know
who he was. He had a fine head of curly hair, and spoke with a firm
conviction that there was much inside it. “Father, you have possessed
small opportunity of seeing how we do things now. Mother is not to be
blamed for thinking that we are in front of what used to be. What do
we care how the country lies? We have heared all this stuff up at Oare.
If there are bogs, we shall timber them. If there are rocks, we shall
blow them up. If there are caves, we shall fire down them. The moment
we get our guns into position----”

“Hush, Bob, hush! Here is your master’s daughter. Not the interlopers
you put up with; but your real master, on whose property you were born.
Is that the position for your guns?”

Being thus rebuked by his father, who was a very faithful-minded
man, Robert Pring shuffled his long boots down, and made me a low
salutation. But, having paid little attention to the things other
people were full of, I left the young man to convince his parents, and
he soon was successful with his mother.

Two, or it may have been three days after this, a great noise arose in
the morning. I was dusting my father’s books, which lay open just as
he had left them. There was “Barker’s Delight” and “Isaac Walton,”
and the “Secrets of Angling by J. D.” and some notes of his own about
making of flies; also fish hooks made of Spanish steel, and long hairs
pulled from the tail of a gray horse, with spindles and bits of quill
for plaiting them. So proud and so pleased had he been with these
trifles, after the clamour and clash of life, that tears came into my
eyes once more, as I thought of his tranquil and amiable ways.

“’Tis a wrong thing altogether to my mind,” cried Deborah Pring,
running in to me. “They Doones was established afore we come, and why
not let them bide upon their own land? They treated poor master amiss,
beyond denial; and never will I forgive them for it. All the same, he
was catching what belonged to them; meaning for the best no doubt,
because he was so righteous. And having such courage he killed one,
or perhaps two; though I never could have thought so much of that old
knife. But ever since that, they have been good, Miss Sillie, never
even coming anigh us; and I don’t believe half of the tales about them.”

All this was new to me; for if anybody had cried shame and death upon
that wicked horde, it was Deborah Pring, who was talking to me thus! I
looked at her with wonder, suspecting for the moment that the venerable
Councillor--who was clever enough to make a cow forget her calf--might
have paid her a visit while I was away. But very soon the reason of the
change appeared.

“Who hath taken command of the attack?” she asked, as if no one would
believe the answer; “not Captain Purvis, as ought to have been, nor
even Captain Dallas of Devon, but Spy Stickles by royal warrant, the
man that hath been up to Oare so long! And my son Robert, who hath come
down to help to train them, and understandeth cannon guns----”

“Captain Purvis? I seem to know that name very well. I have often heard
it from my father. And your son under him! Why, Deborah, what are you
hiding from me?”

Now good Mrs. Pring was beginning to forget, or rather had never
borne properly in mind, that I was the head of the household now, and
entitled to know everything, and to be asked about it. But people who
desire to have this done should insist upon it at the outset, which I
had not been in proper state to do. So that she made quite a grievance
of it, when I would not be treated as a helpless child. However, I soon
put a stop to that, and discovered to my surprise much more than could
be imagined.

And before I could say even half of what I thought, a great noise
arose in the hollow of the hills, and came along the valleys, like the
blowing of a wind that had picked up the roaring of mankind upon its
way. Perhaps greater noise had never arisen upon the moor; and the
cattle, and the quiet sheep, and even the wild deer came bounding from
unsheltered places into any offering of branches, or of other heling
from the turbulence of men. And then a gray fog rolled down the valley,
and Deborah said it was cannon-smoke, following the river course; but
to me it seemed only the usual thickness of the air, when the clouds
hang low. Thomas Pring was gone, as behooved an ancient warrior, to see
how his successors did things, and the boy Dick Hutchings had begged
leave to sit in a tree and watch the smoke. Deborah and I were left
alone, and a long and anxious day we had.

At last the wood-pigeons had stopped their cooing,--which they kept
up for hours, when the weather matched the light,--and there was not
a tree that could tell its own shadow, and we were contented with the
gentle sounds that come through a forest when it falls asleep, and
Deborah Pring, who had taken a motherly tendency toward me now, as if
to make up for my father, was sitting in the porch with my hands in
her lap, and telling me how to behave henceforth, as if the whole world
depended upon that, when we heard a swishing sound, as of branches
thrust aside, and then a low moan that went straight to my heart, as I
thought of my father when he took the blow of death.

“My son, my Bob, my eldest boy!” cried Mistress Pring, jumping up and
falling into my arms, like a pillow full of wire, for she insisted upon
her figure still. But before I could do anything to help her----

“Hit her on the back, ma’am; hit her hard upon the back. That is what
always brings mother round,” was shouted, as I might say, into my ear
by the young man whom she was lamenting.

“Shut thy trap, Braggadose. To whom art thou speaking? Pretty much thou
hast learned of war to come and give lessons to thy father! Mistress
Sylvia, it is for thee to speak. Nothing would satisfy this young
springal but to bring his beaten captain here, for the sake of mother’s
management. I told un that you would never take him in, for his father
have taken in you pretty well! Captain Purvis of the Somerset I know
not what--for the regiments now be all upside down. _Raggiments_ is the
proper name for them. Very like he be dead by this time, and better die
out of doors than in. Take un away, Bob. No hospital here!”

“Thomas Pring, who are you,” I said, for the sound of another low groan
came through me, “to give orders to your master’s daughter? If you
bring not the poor wounded gentleman in, you shall never come through
this door yourself.”

“Ha, old hunks, I told thee so!”

The young man who spoke raised his hat to me, and I saw that it had a
scarlet plume, such as Marwood de Wichehalse gloried in. “In with thee,
and stretch him that he may die straight. I am off to Southmolton for
Cutcliffe Lane, who can make a furze-fagot bloom again. My filly can
give a land-yard in a mile to Tom Faggus and his Winnie. But mind one
thing, all of you; it was none of us that shot the captain, but his
own good men. Farewell, Mistress Sylvia!” With these words he made me a
very low bow, and set off for his horse at the corner of the wood--as
reckless a gallant as ever broke hearts, and those of his own kin
foremost; yet himself so kind and loving.



Captain Purvis, now brought to the Warren in this very sad condition,
had not been shot by his own men, as the dashing Marwood de Wichehalse
said; neither was it quite true to say that he had been shot by anyone.
What happened to him was simply this: While behaving with the utmost
gallantry and encouraging the militia of Somerset, whose uniforms were
faced with yellow, he received in his chest a terrific blow from the
bottom of a bottle. This had been discharged from a culverin on the
opposite side of the valley by the brave but impetuous sons of Devon,
who wore the red facings, and had taken umbrage at a pure mistake on
the part of their excellent friends and neighbours, the loyal band of
Somerset. Either brigade had three culverins; and never having seen
such things before, as was natural with good farmers’ sons, they felt
it a compliment to themselves to be intrusted with such danger, and
resolved to make the most of it. However, when they tried to make them
go, with the help of a good many horses, upon places that had no roads
for war, and even no sort of road at all, the difficulty was beyond
them. But a very clever blacksmith near Malmesford, who had better,
as it proved, have stuck to the plough, persuaded them that he knew
all about it, and would bring their guns to bear, if they let him have
his way. So they took the long tubes from their carriages, and lashed
rollers of barked oak under them, and with very stout ropes, and great
power of swearing, dragged them into the proper place to overwhelm the

Here they mounted their guns upon cider barrels, with allowance of roll
for recoil, and charged them to the very best of their knowledge,
and pointed them as nearly as they could guess at the dwellings of
the outlaws in the glen; three cannons on the north were of Somerset,
and the three on the south were of Devonshire; but these latter had
no balls of metal, only anything round they could pick up. Colonel
Stickles was in command, by virtue of his royal warrant, and his
plan was to make his chief assault in company with some chosen men,
including his host, young farmer Ridd, at the head of the valley
where the chief entrance was, while the trainbands pounded away on
either side. And perhaps this would have succeeded well, except for a
little mistake in firing, for which the enemy alone could be blamed
with justice. For while Captain Purvis was behind the line rallying
a few men who showed fear, and not expecting any combat yet, because
Devonshire was not ready, an elderly gentleman of great authority
appeared among the bombardiers. On his breast he wore a badge of
office, and in his hat a noble plume of the sea eagle, and he handed
his horse to a man in red clothes.

“Just in time,” he shouted; “and the Lord be thanked for that! By order
of His Majesty, I take supreme command. Ha, and high time, too, for it!
You idiots, where are you pointing your guns? What allowance have you
made for windage? Why, at that elevation, you’ll shoot yourselves. Up
with your muzzles, you yellow jackanapes! Down on your bellies! Hand me
the linstock! By the Lord, you don’t even know how to touch them off!”

The soldiers were abashed at his rebukes, and glad to lie down on their
breasts for fear of the powder on their yellow facings. And thus they
were shaken by three great roars, and wrapped in a cloud of streaky
smoke. When this had cleared off, and they stood up, lo! the houses of
the Doones were the same as before, but a great shriek arose on the
opposite bank, and two good horses lay on the ground; and the red men
were stamping about, and some crossing their arms, and some running for
their lives, and the bravest of them stooping over one another. Then as
Captain Purvis rushed up in great wrath, shouting: “What the devil do
you mean by this?” another great roar arose from across the valley, and
he was lying flat, and two other fine fellows were rolling in a furze
bush without knowledge of it. But of the general and his horse there
was no longer any token.

This was the matter that lay so heavily on the breast of Captain
Purvis, sadly crushed as it was already by the spiteful stroke bitterly
intended for him. His own men had meant no harm whatever, unless to the
proper enemy; although they appear to have been deluded by a subtle
device of the Councillor, for which on the other hand none may blame
him. But those redfaced men, without any inquiry, turned the muzzles of
their guns upon Somerset, and the injustice rankled for a generation
between two equally honest counties. Happily they did not fight it out
through scarcity of ammunition, as well as their mutual desire to go
home and attend to their harvest business.

But Anthony Purvis, now our guest and patient, became very difficult
to manage; not only because of his three broken ribs, but the lowness
of the heart inside them. Dr. Cutcliffe Lane, a most cheerful man
from that cheerful town Southmolton, was able (with the help of
Providence) to make the bones grow again without much anger into their
own embraces. It is useless, however, for the body to pretend that it
is doing wonders on its own account, and rejoicing and holiday making,
when the thing that sits inside it and holds the whip, keeps down upon
the slouch and is out of sorts. And truly this was the case just now
with the soul of Captain Purvis. Deborah Pring did her very best, and
was in and out of his room every minute, and very often seemed to me
to run him down when he deserved it not; on purpose that I might be
started to run him up. But nothing of that sort told at all according
to her intention. I kept myself very much to myself; feeling that my
nature was too kind, and asking at some little questions of behaviour,
what sort of returns my dear father had obtained for supposing other
people as good as himself.

Moreover, it seemed an impossible thing that such a brave warrior, and
a rich man too--for his father, Sir Geoffrey, was in full possession
now of all the great property that belonged by right to us--that an
officer who should have been in command of this fine expedition, if he
had his dues, could be either the worse or the better of his wound,
according to his glimpses of a simple maid like me. It was useless for
Deborah Pring, or even Dr. Cutcliffe Lane himself, to go on as they
did about love at first sight, and the rising of the heart when the
ribs were broken, and a quantity of other stuff too foolish to repeat.
“I am neither a plaster nor a poultice,” I replied to myself, for I
would not be too cross to them--and beyond a little peep at him, every
afternoon, I kept out of the sight of Captain Purvis.

But these things made it very hard for me to be quite sure how to
conduct myself, without father and mother to help me, and with Mistress
Pring, who had always been such a landmark, becoming no more than a
vane for the wind to blow upon as it listed; or, perhaps, as she listed
to go with it. And remembering how she used to speak of the people who
had ousted us, I told her that I could not make it out. Things were
in this condition, and Captain Purvis, as it seemed to me, quite fit
to go and make war again upon some of His Majesty’s subjects, when a
thing, altogether out of reason, or even of civilisation, happened;
and people who live in lawful parts will accuse me of caring too
little for the truth. But even before that came about, something less
unreasonable--but still unexpected--befell me. To wit, I received
through Mistress Pring an offer of marriage, immediate and pressing,
from Captain Anthony Purvis! He must have been sadly confused by that
blow on his heart to think mine so tender, or that this was the way to
deal with it, though later explanations proved that Deborah, if she
had been just, would have taken the whole reproach upon herself. The
captain could scarcely have seen me, I believe more than half a dozen
times to speak of; and generally he had shut his eyes, gentle as they
were and beautiful; not only to make me feel less afraid, but to fill
me with pity for his weakness. Having no knowledge of mankind as yet,
I was touched to the brink of tears at first; until when the tray came
out of his room soon after one of these pitiful moments, it was plain
to the youngest comprehension that the sick man had left very little
upon a shoulder of Exmoor mutton, and nothing in a bowl of thick onion

For that I would be the last to blame him, and being his hostess, I
was glad to find it so. But Deborah played a most double-minded part;
leading him to believe that now she was father and mother in one to me;
while to me she went on, as if I was most headstrong, and certain to go
against anything she said, though for her part she never said anything.
Nevertheless he made a great mistake, as men always do, about our ways;
and having some sense of what is right, I said, “Let me hear no more of
Captain Purvis.”

This forced him to leave us; which he might have done, for aught
I could see to the contrary, a full week before he departed. He
behaved very well when he said good-bye,--for I could not deny him
that occasion,--and, perhaps, if he had not assured me so much of
his everlasting gratitude, I should have felt surer of deserving it.
Perhaps I was a little disappointed also, that he expressed no anxiety
at leaving our cottage so much at the mercy of turbulent and triumphant
outlaws. But it was not for me to speak of that; and when I knew the
reason of his silence, it redounded tenfold to his credit. Nothing,
however, vexed me so much as what Deborah Pring said afterward: that he
could not help feeling in the sadness of his heart that I had behaved
in that manner to him just because his father was in possession of
our rightful home and property. I was not so small as that; and if he
truly did suppose it, there must have been some fault on my part, for
his nature was good to everybody, and perhaps all the better for not
descending through too many high generations.

There is nothing more strange than the way things work in the mind of a
woman, when left alone, to doubt about her own behaviour. With men it
can scarcely be so cruel; because they can always convince themselves
that they did their best; and if it fail, they can throw the fault upon
Providence, or bad luck, or something outside their own power. But we
seem always to be denied this happy style of thinking, and cannot
put aside what comes into our hearts more quickly, and has less stir
of outward things, to lead it away and to brighten it. So that I fell
into sad, low spirits; and the glory of the year began to wane, and the
forest grew more and more lonesome.



The sound of the woods was with me now, both night and day, to dwell
upon. Exmoor in general is bare of trees, though it hath the name of
forest; but in the shelter, where the wind flies over, are many thick
places full of shade. For here the trees and bushes thrive, so copious
with rich moisture that, from the hills on the opposite side, no eye
may pick holes in the umbrage; neither may a foot that gets amid them
be sure of getting out again. And now was the fullest and heaviest
time, for the summer had been a wet one, after a winter that went
to our bones; and the leaves were at their darkest tone without any
sense of autumn. As one stood beneath and wondered at their countless
multitude, a quick breathing passed among them, not enough to make them
move, but seeming rather as if they wished, and yet were half ashamed
to sigh. And this was very sad for one whose spring comes only once for

One night toward the end of August I was lying awake thinking of the
happier times, and wondering what the end would be--for now we had very
little money left, and I would rather starve than die in debt--when I
heard our cottage door smashed in and the sound of horrible voices. The
roar of a gun rang up the stairs, and the crash of someone falling and
the smoke came through my bedroom door, and then wailing mixed with
curses. “Out of the way, old hag!” I heard, and then another shriek;
and then I stood upon the stairs and looked down at them. The moon was
shining through the shattered door, and the bodies and legs of men
went to and fro, like branches in a tempest. Nobody seemed to notice
me, although I had cast over my night-dress--having no more sense in
the terror--a long silver coat of some animal shot by my father in his
wanderings, and the light upon the stairs glistened round it. Having no
time to think, I was turning to flee and jump out of my bedroom window,
for which I had made some arrangements, according to the wisdom of
the Councillor, when the flash of some light or the strain of my eyes
showed me the body of Thomas Pring, our faithful old retainer, lying at
the foot of the broken door, and beside it his good wife, creeping up
to give him the last embrace of death. And lately she had been cross to
him. At the sight of this my terror fled, and I cared not what became
of me. Buckling the white skin round my waist, I went down the stairs
as steadily as if it were breakfast time, and said:

“Brutes, murderers, cowards! you have slain my father; now slay me!”

Every one of those wicked men stood up and fixed his eyes on me; and
if it had been a time to laugh, their amazement might have been
laughed at. Some of them took me for a spirit--as I was told long
afterward--and rightly enough their evil hearts were struck with dread
of judgment. But even so, to scare them long in their contemptuous,
godless vein was beyond the power of Heaven itself; and when one of my
long tresses fell, to my great vexation, down my breast, a shocking
sneer arose, and words unfit for a maiden’s ear ensued.

“None of that! This is no farmhouse wench, but a lady of birth and
breeding. She shall be our queen, instead of the one that hath been
filched away. Sylvia, thou shalt come with me.”

The man who spoke with this mighty voice was a terror to the others,
for they fell away before him, and he was the biggest monster
there--Carver Doone, whose name for many a generation shall be used
to frighten unruly babes to bed. And now, as he strode up to me and
bowed,--to show some breeding,--I doubt if the moon, in all her rounds
of earth and sky and the realms below, fell ever upon another face so
cold, repulsive, ruthless.

To belong to him, to feel his lips, to touch him with anything but a
dagger! Suddenly I saw my father’s sword hanging under a beam in the
scabbard. With a quick spring I seized it, and, leaping up the stairs,
had the long blade gleaming in the moonlight. The staircase would not
hold two people abreast, and the stairs were as steep as narrow. I
brought the point down it, with the hilt against my breast, and there
was no room for another blade to swing and strike it up.

“Let her alone!” said Carver Doone, with a smile upon his cold and
corpselike face. “My sons, let the lady have her time. She is worthy to
be the mother of many a fine Doone.”

The young men began to lounge about in a manner most provoking, as if
I had passed from their minds altogether; and some of them went to
the kitchen for victuals, and grumbled at our fare by the light of a
lantern which they had found upon a shelf. But I stood at my post, with
my heart beating, so that the long sword quivered like a candle. Of my
life they might rob me, but of my honour, never!

“Beautiful maiden! Who hath ever seen the like? Why, even Lorna hath
not such eyes.”

Carver Doone came to the foot of the stairs and flashed the lantern
at me, and, thinking that he meant to make a rush for it, I thrust my
weapon forward; but at the same moment a great pair of arms was thrown
around me from behind by some villain who must have scaled my chamber
window, and backward I fell, with no sense or power left.

When my scattered wits came back I felt that I was being shaken
grievously, and the moon was dancing in my eyes through a mist of
tears, half blinding them. I remember how hard I tried to get my
fingers up to wipe my eyes, so as to obtain some knowledge; but jerk
and bump and helpless wonder were all that I could get or take; for my
hands were strapped, and my feet likewise, and I seemed like a wave
going up and down, without any judgment, upon the open sea.

But presently I smelled the wholesome smell which a horse of all
animals alone possesses, though sometimes a cow is almost as good, and
then I felt a mane coming into my hair, and then there was the sound
of steady feet moving just under me, with rise and fall and swing
alternate, and a sense of going forward. I was on the back of a great,
strong horse, and he was obeying the commands of man. Gradually I began
to think, and understood my awful plight. The Doones were taking me to
Doone Glen to be some cut-throat’s light-of-love; perhaps to be passed
from brute to brute--me, Sylvia Ford, my father’s darling, a proud and
dainty and stately maiden, of as good birth as any in this English
realm. My heart broke down as I thought of that, and all discretion
vanished. Though my hands were tied my throat was free, and I sent
forth such a scream of woe that the many-winding vale of Lynn, with all
its wild waters could not drown, nor with all its dumb foliage smother
it; and the long wail rang from crag to crag, as the wrongs of men echo
unto the ears of God.

“Valiant damsel, what a voice thou hast! Again, and again let it strike
the skies. With them we are at peace, being persecuted here, according
to the doom of all good men. And yet I am loth to have that fair throat

It was Carver Doone who led my horse; and his horrible visage glared
into my eyes through the strange, wan light that flows between the
departure of the sinking moon and the flutter of the morning when it
cannot see its way. I strove to look at him; but my scared eyes fell,
and he bound his rank glove across my poor lips. “Let it be so,” I
thought; “I can do no more.”

Then, when my heart was quite gone in despair, and all trouble shrank
into a trifle, I heard a loud shout, and the trample of feet, and the
rattle of arms, and the clash of horses. Contriving to twist myself a
little, I saw that the band of the Doones were mounting a saddle-backed
bridge in a deep wooded glen, with a roaring water under them. On the
crown of the bridge a vast man stood, such as I had never descried
before, bearing no armour that I could see, but wearing a farmer’s hat,
and raising a staff like the stem of a young oak tree. He was striking
at no one, but playing with his staff, as if it were a willow in the
morning breeze.

“Down with him! Ride him down! Send a bullet through him!” several of
the Doones called out, but no one showed any hurry to do it. It seemed
as if they knew him, and feared his mighty strength, and their guns
were now slung behind their backs on account of the roughness of the

“Charlie, you are not afraid of him,” I heard that crafty Carver say
to the tallest of his villains, and a very handsome young man he was;
“if the girl were not on my horse, I would do it. Ride over him, and
you shall have my prize, when I am tired of her.”

I felt the fire come into my eyes, to be spoken of so by a brute;
and then I saw Charlie Doone spur up the bridge, leaning forward and
swinging a long blade round his head.

“Down with thee, clod!” he shouted; and he showed such strength and
fury that I scarce could look at the farmer, dreading to see his great
head fly away. But just as the horse rushed at him, he leaped aside
with most wonderful nimbleness, and the rider’s sword was dashed out of
his grasp, and down he went, over the back of the saddle, and his long
legs spun up in the air, as a juggler tosses a two-pronged fork.

“Now for another!” the farmer cried, and his deep voice rang above the
roar of Lynn; “or two at once, if it suits you better. I will teach
you to carry off women, you dogs!”

But the outlaws would not try another charge. On a word from their
leader they all dismounted, and were bringing their long guns to bear,
and I heard the clink of their flints as they fixed the trigger. Carver
Doone, grinding his enormous teeth, stood at the head of my horse, who
was lashing and plunging, so that I must have been flung if any of the
straps had given way. In terror of the gun flash I shut my eyes, for if
I had seen that brave man killed, it would have been the death of me as
well. Then I felt my horse treading on something soft. Carver Doone was
beneath his feet, and an awful curse came from the earth.

“Have no fear!” said the sweetest voice that ever came into the ears
of despair. “Sylvia, none can harm you now. Lie still, and let this
protect your face.”

“How can I help lying still?” I said, as a soft cloak was thrown over
me, and in less than a moment my horse was rushing through branches
and brushwood that swept his ears. At his side was another horse, and
my bridle rein was held by a man who stooped over his neck in silence.
Though his face was out of sight, I knew that Anthony Purvis was
leading me.

There was no possibility of speaking now, but after a tumult of speed
we came to an open glade where the trees fell back, and a gentle brook
was gurgling. Then Captain Purvis cut my bonds, and lifting me down
very softly, set me upon a bank of moss, for my limbs would not support
me; and I lay there unable to do anything but weep.

When I returned to myself, the sun was just looking over a wooded
cliff, and Anthony, holding a horn of water, and with water on his
cheeks, was regarding me.

“Did you leave that brave man to be shot?” I asked, as if that were all
my gratitude.

“I am not so bad as that,” he answered, without any anger, for he saw
that I was not in reason yet. “At sight of my men, although we were but
five in all, the robbers fled, thinking the regiment was there; but it
is God’s truth that I thought little of anyone’s peril compared with
thine. But there need be no fear for John Ridd; the Doones are mighty
afraid of him since he cast their culverin through their door.”

“Was that the John Ridd I have heard so much of? Surely I might have
known it, but my wits were shaken out of me.”

“Yes, that was the mighty man of Exmoor, to whom thou owest more than

In horror of what I had so narrowly escaped, I fell upon my knees and
thanked the Lord, and then I went shyly to the captain’s side and said:
“I am ashamed to look at thee. Without Anthony Purvis, where should I
be? Speak of no John Ridd to me.”

For this man whom I had cast forth, with coldness, as he must have
thought--although I knew better, when he was gone--this man (my
honoured husband now, who hath restored me to my father’s place, when
kings had no gratitude or justice), Sir Anthony Purvis, as now he is,
had dwelled in a hovel and lived on scraps, to guard the forsaken
orphan, who had won, and shall ever retain, his love.




On the very day when Charles I. was crowned with due
rejoicings--Candlemas-day, in the year of our Lord 1626--a loyalty,
quite as deep and perhaps even more lasting, was having its beer at Ley
Manor in the north of Devon. A loyalty not to the king, for the old
West-country folk knew little and cared less about the house that came
over the Border; but to a lord who had won their hearts by dwelling
among them, and dealing kindly, and paying his way every Saturday
night. When this has been done for three generations general and genial
respect may almost be relied upon. The present Baron de Wichehalse was
fourth in descent from that Hugh de Wichehalse, the head of an old and
wealthy race, who had sacrificed his comfort to his resolve to have a
will of his own in matters of religion. That Hugh de Wichehalse, having
an eye to this, as well as the other world, contrived to sell his large
estates before they were confiscated, and to escape with all the money,
from very sharp measures then enforced, by order of King Philip II.,
in the unhappy Low Countries. Landing in England, with all his effects
and a score of trusty followers, he bought a fine property, settled,
and died, and left a good name behind him. And that good name had been
well kept up, and the property had increased and thriven, so that the
present lord was loved and admired by all the neighbourhood.

In one thing, however, he had been unlucky, at least in his own
opinion. Ten years of married life had not found issue in parental
life. All his beautiful rocks and hills, lovely streams and glorious
woods, green meadows and golden corn lands, must pass to his nephew
and not to his child, because he had not gained one. Being a good man,
he did his best to see this thing in its proper light. Children, after
all, are a plague, a risk, and a deep anxiety. His nephew was a very
worthy boy, and his rights should be respected. Nevertheless, the baron
often longed to supersede them.

Of this there was every prospect now. The lady of the house had
intrusted her case to a highly celebrated simple-woman, who lived among
rocks and scanty vegetation at Heddon’s Mouth, gathering wisdom from
the earth and from the sea tranquillity. De Wichehalse was naturally
vexed a little when all this accumulated wisdom culminated in nothing
grander than a somewhat undersized, and unhappily female child--one,
moreover, whose presence cost him that of his faithful and loving wife.
So that the heiress of Ley Manor was greeted, after all, with a very
brief and sorry welcome. “Jennyfried,” for so they named her, soon
began to grow into a fair esteem and good liking. Her father, after
a year or two, plucked up his courage and played with her; and the
more he played the more pleased he was, both with her and his own kind
self. Unhappily, there were at that time no shops in the neighbourhood;
unhappily, now there are too many. Nevertheless, upon the whole, she
had all the toys that were good for her; and her teeth had a fair
chance of fitting themselves for life’s chief operation in the absence
of sugared allurements.

A brief and meagre account is this of the birth, and growth, and
condition of a maiden whose beauty and goodness still linger in the
winter tales of many a simple homestead. For, sharing her father’s
genial nature, she went about among the people in her soft and playful
way; knowing all their cares, and gifted with a kindly wonder at them,
which is very soothing. All the simple folk expected condescension
from her; and she would have let them have it, if she had possessed it.

At last she was come to a time of life when maidens really must
begin to consider their responsibilities--a time when it does matter
how the dress sits and what it is made of, and whether the hair is
well arranged for dancing in the sunshine and for fluttering in the
moonlight; also that the eyes convey not from that roguish nook the
heart any betrayal of “hide and seek”; neither must the risk of
blushing tremble on perpetual brinks; neither must--but, in a word,
’twas the seventeenth year of a maiden’s life.

More and more such matters gained on her motherless necessity. Strictly
anxious as she was to do the right thing always, she felt more and
more upon every occasion (unless it was something particular) that her
cousin need not so impress his cousinly salutation.

Albert de Wichehalse (who received that name before it became so
inevitable) was that same worthy boy grown up as to whom the baron
had felt compunctions, highly honourable to either party, touching his
defeasance; or rather, perhaps, as to interception of his presumptive
heirship by the said Albert, or at least by his mother contemplated.
And Albert’s father had entrusted him to his uncle’s special care and
love, having comfortably made up his mind, before he left this evil
world, that his son should have a good slice of it.

Now, therefore, the baron’s chief desire was to heal all breaches and
make things pleasant, and to keep all the family property snug by
marrying his fair Jennyfried (or “Frida,” as she was called at home)
to her cousin Albert, now a fine young fellow of five-and-twenty. De
Wichehalse was strongly attached to his nephew, and failed to see any
good reason why a certain large farm near Martinhoe, quite a huge
cantle from the Ley estates, which by a prior devise must fall to
Albert upon his own demise, should be allowed to depart in that way
from his posthumous control.

However, like most of our fallible race, he went the worst possible way
to work in pursuit of his favourite purpose. He threw the young people
together daily, and dinned into the ears of each perpetual praise of
the other. This seemed to answer well enough in the case of the simple
Albert. He could never have too much of his lively cousin’s company,
neither could he weary of sounding her sweet excellence. But with
the young maid it was not so. She liked the good Albert well enough,
and never got out of his way at all. Moreover, sometimes his curly
hair and bright moustache, when they came too near, would raise not a
positive flutter, perhaps, but a sense of some fugitive movement in the
unexplored distances of the heart. Still, this might go on for years,
and nothing more to come of it. Frida loved her father best of all the
world, at present.


There happened to be at this time an old fogy--of course it is most
distressing to speak of anyone disrespectfully; but when one thinks
of the trouble he caused, and not only that, but he was an old fogy,
essentially and pre-eminently--and his name was Sir Maunder Meddleby.
This worthy baronet, one of the first of a newly invented order, came
in his sled stuffed with goose-feathers (because he was too fat to
ride, and no wheels were yet known on the hill tracks) to talk about
some exchange of land with his old friend, our De Wichehalse. The baron
and the baronet had been making a happy day of it. Each knew pretty
well exactly what his neighbour’s little rashness might be hoped to
lead to, and each in his mind was pretty sure of having the upper hand
of it. Therefore both their hearts were open--business being now
dismissed, and dinner over--to one another. They sat in a beautiful
place, and drew refreshment of mind through their outward lips by means
of long reeden tubes with bowls at their ends, and something burning.

Clouds of delicate vapour wandered round and betwixt them and the sea;
and each was well content to wonder whether the time need ever come
when he must have to think again. Suddenly a light form flitted over
the rocks, as the shadows flit; and though Frida ran away for fear of
interrupting them, they knew who it was, and both, of course, began to
think about her.

The baron gave a puff of his pipe, and left the baronet to begin. In
course of time Sir Maunder spoke, with all that breadth and beauty of
the vowels and the other things which a Devonshire man commands, from
the lord lieutenant downward.

“If so be that ’ee gooth vor to ax me, ai can zay wan thing, and wan

“What one thing is it, good neighbour? I am well content with her as
she is.”

“Laikely enough. And ’e wad be zo till ’e zeed a zummut fainer.”

“I want to see nothing finer or better than what we have seen just now,

“There, you be like all varthers, a’most! No zort o’ oose to advaise

“Nay, nay! Far otherwise. I am not by any means of that nature. Sir
Maunder Meddleby, I have the honour of craving your opinion.”

Sir Maunder Meddleby thought for a while, or, at any rate, meant to
be thinking, ere ever he dared to deliver himself of all his weighty

“I’ve a-knowed she, my Lord Witcher, ever since her wore that haigh. A
purty wanch, and a peart one. But her wanteth the vinish of the coort.
Never do no good wi’out un, whan a coomth, as her must, to coorting.”

This was the very thing De Wichehalse was afraid to hear of. He had
lived so mild a life among the folk who loved him that any fear of
worry in great places was too much for him. And yet sometimes he could
not help a little prick of thought about his duty to his daughter.
Hence it came that common sense was driven wild by conscience, as
forever happens with the few who keep that gadfly. Six great horses,
who knew no conscience but had more fleshly tormentors, were ordered
out, and the journey began, and at last it ended.

Everything in London now was going almost anyhow. Kind and worthy
people scarcely knew the way to look at things. They desired to respect
the king and all his privilege, and yet they found his mind so wayward
that they had no hold of him.

The court, however, was doing its best, from place to place in its
wanderings, to despise the uproar and enjoy itself as it used to do.
Bright and beautiful ladies gathered round the king, when the queen was
gone, persuading him and one another that they must have their own way.

Of the lords who helped these ladies to their strong opinions there
was none in higher favour with the queen and the king himself than the
young Lord Auberley. His dress was like a sweet enchantment, and his
tongue was finer still, and his grace and beauty were as if no earth
existed. Frida was a new thing to him, in her pure simplicity. He to
her was such a marvel, such a mirror of the skies, as a maid can only
dream of in the full moon of St. John.

Little dainty glance, and flushing, and the fear to look too much, and
the stealthy joy of feeling that there must be something meant, yet the
terror of believing anything in earnest and the hope that, after all,
there may be nought to come of it; and when this hope seems over true,
the hollow of the heart behind it, and the longing to be at home with
anyone to love oneself--time is wasted in recounting this that always
must be.

Enough that Frida loved this gallant from the depths of her pure heart,
while he admired and loved her to the best of his ability.


The worthy baron was not of a versatile complexion. When his mind was
quite made up he carried out the whole of it. But he could not now
make up his mind upon either of two questions. Of these questions one
was this--should he fight for the king or against him, in the struggle
now begun? By hereditary instincts he was stanch for liberty, for
letting people have their own opinions who could pay for them. And
about religious matters and the royal view of them, he fell under sore
misgiving that his grandfather on high would have a bone to pick with

His other difficulty was what to say, or what to think, about Lord
Auberley. To his own plain way of judging, and that human instinct
which, when highly cultivated, equals that of the weaker dogs, also to
his recollection of what used to be expected in the time when he was
young, Viscount Auberley did not give perfect satisfaction.

Nevertheless, being governed as strong folk are by the gentle ones,
the worthy baron winked at little things which did not please him, and
went so far as to ask that noble spark to flash upon the natives of
benighted Devon. Lord Auberley was glad enough to retire for a season,
both for other reasons and because he saw that bitter fighting must
be soon expected. Hence it happened that the six great Flemish horses
were buckled to, early in September of the first year of the civil war,
while the king was on his westward march collecting men and money. The
queen was not expected back from the Continent for another month; there
had scarcely been for all the summer even the semblance of a court
fit to teach a maiden lofty carriage and cold dignity; so that Lord
de Wichehalse thought Sir Maunder Meddleby an oaf for sending him to

But there was someone who had tasted strong delight and shuddering
fear, glowing hope and chill despair, triumph, shame, and all confusion
of the heart and mind and will, such as simple maidens hug into their
blushing chastity by the moonlight of first love. Frida de Wichehalse
knew for certain, and forever felt it settled, that in all the world of
worlds never had been any body, any mind, or even soul, fit to think of
twice when once you had beheld Lord Auberley.

His young lordship, on the whole, was much of the same opinion. Low
fellows must not have the honour to discharge their guns at him. He
liked the king, and really meant no harm whatever to his peace of mind
concerning his Henrietta; and, if the worst came to the worst, everyone
knew that out of France there was no swordsman fit to meet, even with
a rapier, the foil of Aubyn Auberley. Neither was it any slur upon his
loyalty or courage that he was now going westward from the world of
camps and war. It was important to secure the wavering De Wichehalse,
the leading man of all the coast, from Minehead down to Hartland; so
that, with the full consent of all the king’s advisers, Lord Auberley
left court and camp to press his own suit peacefully. What a difference
he found it to be here in mid-September, far away from any knowledge
of the world and every care; only to behold the manner of the trees
disrobing, blushing with a trembling wonder at the freedom of the
winds, or in the wealth of deep wood browning into rich defiance; only
to observe the colour of the hills, and cliffs, and glens, and the
glory of the sea underneath the peace of heaven, when the balanced sun
was striking level light all over them! And if this were not enough to
make a man contented with his littleness and largeness, then to see
the freshened Pleiads, after their long dip of night, over the eastern
waters twinkling, glad to see us all once more and sparkling to be

These things, and a thousand others, which (without a waft of knowledge
or of thought on our part) enter into and become our sweetest
recollections, for the gay young lord possessed no charm, nor even
interest. “Dull, dull, how dull it is!” was all he thought when he
thought at all; and he vexed his host by asking how he could live in
such a hole as that. And he would have vexed his young love, too, if
young love were not so large of heart, by asking what the foreign
tongue was which “her people” tried to speak. “Their native tongue and
mine, my lord!” cried Frida, with the sweetness of her smile less true
than usual, because she loved her people and the air of her nativity.

However, take it altogether, this was a golden time for her. Golden
trust and reliance are the well-spring of our nature, and that man is
the happiest who is cheated every day almost. The pleasure is tenfold
as great in being cheated as to cheat. Therefore Frida was as happy as
the day and night are long. Though the trees were striped with autumn,
and the green of the fields was waning, and the puce of the heath was
faded into dingy cinamon; though the tint of the rocks was darkened
by the nightly rain and damp, and the clear brooks were beginning to
be hoarse with shivering floods, and the only flowers left were but
widows of the sun, yet she had the sovereign comfort and the cheer of
trustful love. Lord Auberley, though he cared nought for the Valley
of Rocks or Watersmeet, for beetling majesty of the cliffs or mantled
curves of Woody Bay, and though he accounted the land a wilderness
and the inhabitants savages, had taken a favourable view of the ample
spread of the inland farms and the loyalty of the tenants, which
naturally suggested the raising of the rental. Therefore he grew more
attentive to young Mistress Frida; even sitting in shady places, which
it made him damp to think of when he turned his eyes from her. Also
he was moved a little by her growing beauty, for now the return to
her native hills, the presence of her lover, and the home-made bread
and forest mutton, combining with her dainty years, were making her
look wonderful. If Aubyn Auberley had not been despoiled of all true
manliness, by the petting and the forward wit of many a foreign lady,
he might have won the pure salvation of an earnest love. But, when
judged by that French standard which was now supreme at court, this
poor Frida was a rustic, only fit to go to school.

There was another fine young fellow who thought wholly otherwise. To
him, in his simple power of judging for himself, and seldom budging
from that judgment, there was no one fit to dream of in comparison with
her. Often, in this state of mind, he longed to come forward and let
them know what he thought concerning the whole of it. But Albert could
not see his way toward doing any good with it, and being of a bashful
mind, he kept his heart in order.


The stir of the general rising of the kingdom against the king had not
disturbed these places yet beyond what might be borne with. Everybody
liked to talk, and everybody else was ready to put in a word or two;
broken heads, however, were as yet the only issue. So that when there
came great news of a real battle fought, and lost by Englishmen against
Englishmen, the indignation of all the country ran against both parties.

Baron de Wichehalse had been thinking, after his crop of hay was
in,--for such a faithful hay they have that it will not go from root
to rick by less than two months of worrying,--from time to time, and
even in the middle of his haycocks, this good lord had not been able to
perceive his proper course. Arguments there were that sounded quite as
if a baby must be perfectly convinced by them; and then there would be
quite a different line of reason taken by someone who knew all about
it and despised the opposite. So that many of a less decided way of
thinking every day embraced whatever had been last confuted.

This most manly view of matters and desire to give fair play was
scorned, of course, by the fairer (and unfairer) half of men. Frida
counted all as traitors who opposed their liege the king.

“Go forth, my lord; go forth and fight,” she cried to Viscount
Auberley, when the doubtful combat of Edgehill was firing new
pugnacity; “if I were a man, think you that I would let them do so?”

“Alas, fair mistress! it will take a many men to help it. But since
you bid me thus away--hi, Dixon! get my trunks packed!” And then, of
course, her blushing roses faded to a lily white; and then, of course,
it was his duty to support her slender form; neither were those dulcet
murmurs absent which forever must be present when the female kind
begin to have the best of it.

So they went on once or twice, and would have gone on fifty times if
fortune had allowed them thus to hang on one another. All the world was
fair around them; and themselves, as fair as any, vouched the whole
world to attest their everlasting constancy.

But one soft November evening, when the trees were full of drops, and
gentle mists were creeping up the channels of the moorlands, and snipes
(come home from foreign parts) were cheeping at their borings, and
every weary man was gladdened by the glance of a bright wood fire, and
smell of what was over it, there happened to come, on a jaded horse, a
man, all hat, and cape, and boots, and mud, and sweat, and grumbling.
All the people saw at once that it was quite impossible to make at
all too much of him, because he must be full of news, which (after
victuals) is the greatest need of human nature. So he had his own way
as to everything he ordered; and, having ridden into much experience of
women, kept himself as warm as could be, without any jealousy.

This stern man bore urgent order for the Viscount Auberley to join the
king at once at Oxford, and bring with him all his gathering. Having
gathered no men yet, but spent the time in plucking roses and the wild
myrtles of Devonshire love, the young lord was for once a little taken
aback at this order. Moreover, though he had been grumbling, half a
dozen times a day--to make himself more precious--about the place, and
the people, and the way they cooked his meals, he really meant it less
and less as he came to know the neighbourhood. These are things which
nobody can understand without seeing them.

“I grieve, my lord,” said the worthy baron, “that you must leave us in
this hot haste.” On the whole, however, this excellent man was partly
glad to be quit of him.

“And I am deeply indebted to your lordship for the grievance; but it
must be so. _Que voulez-vous?_ You talk the French, _mon baron_?”

“With a Frenchman, my lord; but not when I have the honour to speak
with an Englishman.”

“Ah, there! Foreign again! My lord, you will never speak English.”

De Wichehalse could never be quite sure, though his race had been long
in this country, whether he or they could speak born English as it
ought to be.

“Perhaps you will find,” he said at last, with grief as well as
courtesy, “many who speak one language striving to silence one another.”

“He fights best who fights the longest. You will come with us, my lord?”

“Not a foot, not half an inch,” the baron answered sturdily. “I’ve
a-laboured hard to zee my best, and ’a can’t zee head nor tail to it.”

Thus he spoke in imitation of what his leading tenant said, smiling
brightly at himself, but sadly at his subject.

“Even so!” the young man answered; “I will forth and pay my duty. The
rusty weathercock, my lord, is often too late for the oiling.”

With this conceit he left De Wichehalse, and, while his grooms were
making ready, sauntered down the zigzag path, which, through rocks
and stubbed oaks, made toward the rugged headland known, far up and
down the Channel, by the name of Duty Point. Near the end of this walk
there lurked a soft and silent bower, made by Nature, and with all
of Nature’s art secluded. The ledge that wound along the rock-front
widened, and the rock fell back and left a little cove, retiring into
moss and ferny shade. Here the maid was well accustomed every day to
sit and think, gazing down at the calm, gray sea, and filled with rich
content and deep capacity of dreaming.

Here she was, at the present moment, resting in her pure love-dream,
believing all the world as good, and true, and kind as her own young
self. Round her all was calm and lovely; and the soft brown hand of
autumn, with the sun’s approval, tempered every mellow mood of leaves.

Aubyn Auberley was not of a sentimental cast of mind. He liked the
poets of the day, whenever he deigned to read them; nor was he at
all above accepting the dedication of a book. But it was not the
fashion now--as had been in the noble time of Watson, Raleigh, and
Shakspere--for men to look around and love the greater things they grow

Frida was surprised to see her dainty lord so early. She came here in
the morning always, when it did not rain too hard, to let her mind have
pasture on the landscape of sweet memory. And even sweeter hope was
always fluttering in the distance, on the sea, or clouds, or flitting
vapour of the morning. Even so she now was looking at the mounting
glory of the sun above the sea-clouds, the sun that lay along the
land, and made the distance roll away.

“Hard and bitter is my task,” the gallant lord began with her, “to say
farewell to all I love. But so it ever must be.”

Frida looked at his riding-dress, and cold fear seized her suddenly,
and then warm hope that he might only be riding after the bustards.

“My lord,” she said, “will you never grant me that one little prayer of
mine--to spare poor birds, and make those cruel gaze-hounds run down
one another?”

“I shall never see the gaze-hounds more,” he answered petulantly; “my
time for sport is over. I must set forth for the war to-day.”

“To-day!” she cried; and then tried to say a little more for pride’s
sake; “to go to the war to-day, my lord!”

“Alas! it is too true. Either I must go, or be a traitor and a dastard.”

Her soft blue eyes lay full on his, and tears that had not time to flow
began to spread a hazy veil between her and the one she loved.

He saw it, and he saw the rise and sinking of her wounded heart, and
how the words she tried to utter fell away and died within her for the
want of courage; and light and hard, and mainly selfish as his nature
was, the strength, and depth, and truth of love came nigh to scare him
for the moment even of his vanities.

“Frida!” he said, with her hand in his, and bending one knee on the
moss; “only tell me that I must stay; then stay I will; the rest of the
world may scorn if you approve me.”

This, of course, sounded very well and pleased her, as it was meant to
do; still, it did not satisfy her--so exacting are young maidens, and
so keen is the ear of love.

“Aubyn, you are good and true. How very good and true you are! But even
by your dear voice now I know what you are thinking.”

Lord Auberley, by this time, was as well within himself again as he
generally found himself; so that he began to balance chances very
knowingly. If the king should win the warfare and be paramount again,
this bright star of the court must rise to something infinitely higher
than a Devonshire squire’s child. A fine young widow of a duke, of the
royal blood of France itself, was not far from being quite determined
to accept him, if she only could be certain how these things would
end themselves. Many other ladies were determined quite as bravely to
wait the course of events, and let him have them, if convenient. On
the other hand, if the kingdom should succeed in keeping the king in
order--which was the utmost then intended--Aubyn Auberley might be only
too glad to fall back upon Frida.

Thinking it wiser, upon the whole, to make sure of this little lamb,
with nobler game in prospect, Lord Auberley heaved as deep a sigh as
the size of his chest could compass. After which he spoke as follows,
in a most delicious tone:

“Sweetest, and my only hope, the one star of my wanderings; although
you send me forth to battle, where my arm is needed, give me one dear
pledge that ever you will live and die my own.”

This was just what Frida wanted, having trust (as our free-traders, by
vast amplitude of vision, have in reciprocity) that if a man gets the
best of a woman he is sure to give it back. Therefore these two sealed
and delivered certain treaties (all unwritten, but forever engraven
upon the best and tenderest feelings of the lofty human nature) that
nothing less than death, or even greater, should divide them.

Is there one, among the many who survive such process, unable to
imagine or remember how they parted? The fierce and even desperate
anguish, nursed and made the most of; the pride and self-control that
keep such things for comfort afterward; the falling of the heart that
feels itself the true thing after all. Let it be so, since it must be;
and no sympathy can heal it, since in every case it never, never, was
so bad before!


Lovers come, and lovers go; ecstasies of joy and anguish have their
proper intervals; and good young folk, who know no better, revel in
high misery. But the sun ascends the heavens at the same hour of the
day, by himself dictated; and if we see him not, it is our earth that
spreads the curtain. Nevertheless, these lovers, being out of rule
with everything, heap their own faults on his head, and want him to be
setting always, that they may behold the moon.

Therefore it was useless for the wisest man in the north of Devon, or
even the wisest woman, to reason with young Frida now, or even to let
her have the reason upon her side, and be sure of it. She, for her
part, was astray from all the bounds of reason, soaring on the wings of
faith, and hope, and high delusion. Though the winter-time was coming,
and the wind was damp and raw, and the beauty of the valleys lay down
to recover itself; yet with her the spring was breaking, and the world
was lifting with the glory underneath it. Because it had been firmly
pledged--and who could ever doubt it?--that the best and noblest lover
in this world of noble love would come and grandly claim and win his
bride on her next birthday.

At Christmas she had further pledge of her noble lover’s constancy.
In spite of difficulties, dangers, and the pressing need of men, he
contrived to send her by some very valiant messengers (none of whom
would ride alone) a beautiful portrait of himself, set round with
sparkling diamonds; also a necklace of large pearls, as white and pure
as the neck whose grace was to enhance their beauty.

Hereupon such pride and pleasure mounted into her cheeks and eyes, and
flushed her with young gaiety, that all who loved her, being grafted
with good superstition, nearly spoiled their Christmas-time by serious
sagacity. She, however, in the wealth of all she had to think of,
heeded none who trod the line of prudence and cold certainty.

“It is more than I can tell,” she used to say, most prettily, to
anybody who made bold to ask her about anything; “all things go so in
and out that I am sure of nothing else except that I am happy.”

The baron now began to take a narrow, perhaps a natural, view of all
the things around him. In all the world there was for him no sign or
semblance of any being whose desires or strictest rights could be
thought of more than once when set against his daughter’s. This, of
course, was very bad for Frida’s own improvement. It could not make her
selfish yet, but it really made her wayward. The very best girls ever
seen are sure to have their failings; and Frida, though one of the very
best, was not above all nature. People made too much of this, when she
could no more defend herself.

Whoever may have been to blame, one thing at least is certain--the
father, though he could not follow all his child’s precipitance, yet
was well contented now to stoop his gray head to bright lips, and do
his best toward believing some of their soft eloquence. The child, on
the other hand, was full of pride, and rose on tiptoe, lest anybody
might suppose her still too young for anything. Thus between them they
looked forward to a pleasant time to come, hoping for the best, and
judging everyone with charity.

The thing that vexed them most (for always there must, of course, be
something) was the behaviour of Albert, nephew to the baron, and most
loving cousin of Frida. Nothing they could do might bring him to spend
his Christmas with them; and this would be the first time ever since
his long-clothed babyhood that he had failed to be among them, and to
lead or follow, just as might be required of him. Such a guest has
no small value in a lonely neighbourhood, and years of usage mar the
circle of the year without him.

Christmas passed, and New Year’s Day, and so did many other days.
The baron saw to his proper work, and took his turn of hunting, and
entertained his neighbours, and pleased almost everybody. Much against
his will, he had consented to the marriage of his daughter with Lord
Auberley--to make the best of a bad job, as he told Sir Maunder
Meddleby. Still, this kind and crafty father had his own ideas; for the
moment he was swimming with the tide to please his daughter, even as
for her dear sake he was ready to sink beneath it. Yet, these fathers
have a right to form their own opinions; and for the most part they
believe that they have more experience. Frida laughed at this, of
course, and her father was glad to see her laugh. Nevertheless, he
could not escape some respect for his own opinion, having so rarely
found it wrong; and his own opinion was that something was very likely
to happen.

In this he proved to be quite right. For many things began to happen,
some on the right and some on the left hand of the baron’s auguries.
All of them, however, might be reconciled exactly with the very thing
he had predicted. He noticed this, and it pleased him well, and
inspired him so that he started anew for even truer prophecies. And
everybody round the place was born so to respect him that, if he missed
the mark a little, they could hit it for him.

Things stood thus at the old Ley Manor--and folk were content to have
them so, for fear of getting worse, perhaps--toward the end of January,
A. D. 1643. De Wichehalse had vowed that his only child--although so
clever for her age, and prompt of mind and body--should not enter
into marriage until she was in her eighteenth year. Otherwise, it
would, no doubt, have all been settled long ago; for Aubyn Auberley
sometimes had been in the greatest hurry. However, hither he must come
now, as everybody argued, even though the fate of England hung on his
stirrup-leather. Because he had even sent again, with his very best
intentions, fashionable things for Frida, and the hottest messages; so
that, if they did not mean him to be quite beside himself, everything
must be smoking for his wedding at the Candlemas.

But when everything and even everybody else--save Albert and the
baron, and a few other obstinate people--was and were quite ready
and rejoicing for a grand affair, to be celebrated with well-springs
of wine and delightfully cordial Watersmeet, rocks of beef hewn into
valleys, and conglomerate cliffs of pudding; when ruddy dame and rosy
damsel were absorbed in “what to wear,” and even steady farmers were in
“practice for the back step”; in a word, when all the country was gone
wild about Frida’s wedding--one night there happened to come a man.

This man tied his horse to a gate and sneaked into the back yard,
and listened in a quiet corner, knowing, as he did, the ins and
outs and ways of the kitchen. Because he was that very same man who
understood the women so, and made himself at home, by long experience,
in new places. It had befallen this man, as it always befell any man
of perception, to be smitten with the kindly loveliness of Frida.
Therefore, now, although he was as hungry as ever he had been, his
heart was such that he heard the sound of dishes, yet drew no nearer.
Experience of human nature does not always spoil it.


When the baron at last received the letter which this rider had been
so abashed to deliver, slow but lasting wrath began to gather in his
gray-lashed eyes. It was the inborn anger of an honest man at villany
mixed with lofty scorn and traversed by a dear anxiety. Withal he found
himself so helpless that he scarce knew what to do. He had been to
Frida both a father and a mother, as she often used to tell him when
she wanted something; but now he felt that no man could administer the
velvet touches of the female sympathy.

Moreover, although he was so kind, and had tried to think what his
daughter thought, he found himself in a most ungenial mood for sweet
condolement. Any but the best of fathers would have been delighted with
the proof of all his prophecies and the riddance of a rogue. So that
even he, though dwelling in his child’s heart as his own, read this
letter (when the first emotions had exploded) with a real hope that
things, in the long run, would come round again.

    “To my most esteemed and honoured friend, the Lord de Wichehalse,
    these from his most observant and most grateful Aubyn
    Auberley,--Under command of his Majesty, our most Royal Lord and
    King, I have this day been joined in bands of holy marriage with
    her Highness, the Duchess of B----, in France. At one time I had
    hope of favour with your good Lordship’s daughter, neither could
    I have desired more complete promotion. But the service of the
    kingdom and the doubt of my own desert have forced me, in these
    troublous times, to forego mine own ambition. Our lord the King
    enjoins you with his Royal commendation, to bring your forces
    toward Bristowe by the day of St. Valentine. There shall I be
    in hope to meet your Lordship, and again find pleasure in such
    goodly company. Until then I am your Lordship’s poor and humble

            “AUBYN AUBERLEY.”

Lord de Wichehalse made his mind up not to let his daughter know
until the following morning what a heavy blow had fallen on her faith
and fealty. But, as evil chance would have it, the damsels of the
house--and most of all the gentle cook-maid--could not but observe the
rider’s state of mind toward them. He managed to eat his supper in a
dark state of parenthesis; but after that they plied him with some
sentimental mixtures, and, being only a man at best, although a very
trusty one, he could not help the rise of manly wrath at every tumbler.
So, in spite of dry experience and careworn discretion, at last he
let the woman know the whole of what himself knew. Nine good females
crowded round him, and, of course, in their kind bosoms every word of
all his story germinated ninety-fold.

Hence it came to pass that, after floods of tears in council and
stronger language than had right to come from under aprons, Frida’s
nurse (the old herb-woman, now called “Mother Eyebright”) was appointed
to let her know that very night the whole of it. Because my lord might
go on mooning for a month about it, betwixt his love of his daughter
and his quiet way of taking things; and all that while the dresses
might be cut, and trimmed, and fitted to a size and fashion all gone by
before there came a wedding.

Mother Eyebright so was called both from the brightness of her eyes and
her faith in that little simple flower, the euphrasia. Though her own
love-tide was over, and the romance of life had long relapsed into the
old allegiance to the hour of dinner, yet her heart was not grown tough
to the troubles of the young ones; therefore all that she could do was
done, but it was little.

Frida, being almost tired with the blissful cares of dress, happened
to go up that evening earlier than her wont to bed. She sat by herself
in the firelight, with many gorgeous things around her--wedding
presents from great people, and (what touched her more) the humble
offerings of her cottage friends. As she looked on these and thought
of all the good will they expressed, and how a little kindness gathers
such a heap of gratitude, glad tears shone in her bright eyes, and she
only wished that all the world could be as blessed as she was.

To her entered Mother Eyebright, now unworthy of her name; and sobbing,
writhing, crushing anguish is a thing which even Frida, simple and
open-hearted one, would rather keep to her own poor self.


Upon the following day she was not half so wretched and lamentable as
was expected of her. She even showed a brisk and pleasant air to the
chief seamstress, and bade her keep some pretty things for the time of
her own wedding. Even to her father she behaved as if there had been
nothing more than happens every day. The worthy baron went to fold
her in his arms, and let her cry there; but she only gave him a kiss,
and asked the maid for some salt butter. Lord de Wichehalse, being
disappointed of his outlet, thought (as all his life he had been forced
to think continually) that any sort of woman, whether young or old, is
wonderful. And so she carried on, and no one well could understand her.

She, however, in her own heart, knew the ups and downs of it. She
alone could feel the want of any faith remaining, the ache of ever
stretching forth and laying hold on nothing. Her mind had never been
encouraged--as with maidens nowadays--to magnify itself, and soar, and
scorn the heart that victuals it. All the deeper was her trouble, being
less to be explained.

For a day or two the story is that she contrived to keep her distance,
and her own opinion of what had been done to her. Child and almost baby
as her father had considered her, even he was awed from asking what she
meant to do about it. Something seemed to keep her back from speaking
of her trouble, or bearing to have it spoken of. Only to her faithful
hound, with whom she now began again to wander in the oak-wood, to him
alone had she the comfort of declaring anything. This was a dog of fine
old English breed and high connections, his great-grandmother having
owned a kennel at Whitehall itself--a very large and well-conducted
dog, and now an old one, going down into his grave without a stain
upon him. Only he had shown such foul contempt of Aubyn Auberley,
proceeding to extremes of ill-behaviour toward his raiment, that for
months young Frida had been forced to keep him chained, and take her
favourite walks without him.

“Ah, Lear!” now she cried, with sense of long injustice toward him;
“you were right, and I was wrong; at least--at least it seems so.”

“Lear,” so called whether by some man who had heard of Shakspere, or
(as seems more likely) from his peculiar way of contemplating the world
at his own angle, shook his ears when thus addressed, and looked too
wise for any dog to even sniff his wisdom.

Frida now allowed this dog to lead the way, and she would follow,
careless of whatever mischief might be in the road for them. So he
led her, without care or even thought on her part, to a hut upon the
beach of Woody Bay; where Albert had set up his staff, to think of
her and watch her. This, her cousin and true lover, had been grieving
for her sorrow to the utmost power of a man who wanted her himself. It
may have been beyond his power to help saying to himself sometimes,
“How this serves her right, for making such a laughing-stock of me!”
Nevertheless, he did his utmost to be truly sorrowful.

And now, as he came forth to meet her, in his fishing dress and boots
(as different a figure as could be from Aubyn Auberley), memories of
childish troubles and of strong protection thrilled her with a helpless
hope of something to be done for her. So she looked at him, and let him
see the state her eyes were in with constant crying, when there was
not anyone to notice it. Also, she allowed him to be certain what her
hands were like, and to be surprised how much she had fallen away in
her figure. Neither was she quite as proud as might have been expected,
to keep her voice from trembling or her plundered heart from sobbing.
Only, let not anybody say a word to comfort her. Anything but that she
now could bear, as she bore everything. It was, of course, the proper
thing for everyone to scorn her. That, of course, she had fully earned,
and met it, therefore, with disdain. Only, she could almost hate
anybody who tried to comfort her.

Albert de Wichehalse, with a sudden start of intuition, saw what her
father had been unable to descry or even dream. The worthy baron’s time
of life for fervid thoughts was over; for him despairing love was but
a poet’s fiction, or a joke against a pale young lady. But Albert felt
from his own case, from burning jealousy suppressed, and cold neglect
put up with, and all the other many-pointed aches of vain devotion,
how sad must be the state of things when plighted faith was shattered
also, and great ridicule left behind, with only a young girl to face
it, motherless, and having none to stroke dishevelled hair, and coax
the troubles by the firelight. However, this good fellow did the
utmost he could do for her. Love and pity led him into dainty loving
kindness; and when he could not find his way to say the right thing,
he did better--he left her to say it. And so well did he move her
courage, in his old protective way, without a word that could offend
her or depreciate her love, that she for the moment, like a woman,
wondered at her own despair. Also, like a woman, glancing into this
and that, instead of any steadfast gazing, she had wholesome change of
view, winning sudden insight into Albert’s thoughts concerning her. Of
course, she made up her mind at once, although her heart was aching so
for want of any tenant, in a moment to extinguish any such presumption.
Still, she would have liked to have it made a little clearer, if it
were for nothing else than to be sure of something.

Albert saw her safely climb the steep and shaly walk that led, among
retentive oak trees, or around the naked gully, all the way from his
lonely cottage to the light, and warmth, and comfort of the peopled
Manor House. And within himself he thought, the more from contrast of
his own cold comfort and untended state:

“Ah! she will forget it soon; she is so young. She will soon get over
that gay frippard’s fickleness. To-morrow I will start upon my little
errand cheerfully. After that she will come round; they cannot feel as
we do.”

Full of these fond hopes, he started on the following morning with set
purpose to compel the man whom he had once disliked, and now despised
unspeakably, to render some account of despite done to such a family.
For, after all, the dainty viscount was the grandson of a goldsmith,
who by brokerage for the Crown had earned the balls of his coronet. In
quest of this gay fellow went the stern and solid Albert, leaving not
a word about his purpose there behind him, but allowing everybody to
believe what all found out. All found out, as he expected, that he was
gone to sell his hay, perhaps as far as Taunton; and all the parish,
looking forward to great rise of forage, felt indignant that he had not
doubled his price, and let them think.

Alack-a-day and all the year round! that men perceive not how the women
differ from them in the very source of thought. Albert never dreamed
that his cousin, after doing so long without him, had now relapsed
quite suddenly into her childish dependence upon him. And when she
heard, on the following day, that he was gone for the lofty purpose of
selling his seven ricks of hay, she said not a word, but only felt her
cold heart so much colder.


She had nothing now to do, and nobody to speak to; though her father
did his utmost, in his kind and clumsy way, to draw his darling close
to him. But she knew that all along he had disliked her idol, and she
fancied, now and then, that this dislike had had something perhaps to
do with what had befallen her. This, of course, was wrong on her part.
But when youth and faith are wronged, the hurt is very apt to fly to
all the tender places. Even the weather also seemed to have taken a
turn against her. No wholesome frost set in to brace the slackened
joints and make her walk until she began to tingle; neither was there
any snow to spread a new cast on the rocks and gift the trees with
airiness; nor even what mild winters, for the most part, bring in
counterpoise--soft, obedient skies, and trembling pleasure of the air
and earth. But--as over her own love--over all the country hung just
enough of mist and chill to shut out cheerful prospect, and not enough
to shut folk in to the hearth of their own comfort.

In her dull, forlorn condition, Frida still, through force of habit or
the love of solitude, made her daily round of wood and rock, seashore
and moorland. Things seemed to come across her now, instead of her
going to them, and her spirit failed at every rise of the hilly road
against her. In that dreary way she lingered, hoping nothing, fearing
nothing, showing neither sigh nor tear, only seeking to go somewhere
and be lost from self and sorrow in the cloudy and dark day.

Often thus the soft, low moaning of the sea encompassed her, where she
stood, in forgotten beauty, careless of the wind and wave. The short,
uneasy heave of waters in among the kelpy rocks, flowing from no swell
or furrow on the misty glass of sea, but like a pulse of discontent,
and longing to go further; after the turn, the little rattle of invaded
pebbles, the lithe relapse and soft, shampooing lambency of oarweed,
then the lavered boulders pouring gritty runnels back again, and every
basined outlet wavering toward another inlet; these, and every phase
of each innumerable to-and-fro, made or met their impress in her
fluctuating misery.

“It is the only rest,” she said; “the only chance of being quiet, after
all that I have done, and all that people say of me.”

None had been dastard enough to say a syllable against her; neither
had she, in the warmest faith of love, forgotten truth; but her own
dejection drove her, not to revile the world (as sour natures do
consistently), but to shrink from sight, and fancy that the world was
reviling her.

While she fluttered thus and hovered over the cold verge of death,
with her sore distempered spirit, scarcely sure of anything, tidings
came of another trouble, and turned the scale against her. Albert de
Wichehalse, her trusty cousin and true lover, had fallen in a duel with
that recreant and miscreant Lord Auberley. The strictest orders were
given that this should be kept for the present from Frida’s ears; but
what is the use of the strictest orders when a widowed mother raves?
Albert’s mother vowed that “the shameless jilt” should hear it out,
and slipped her guards and waylaid Frida on the morn of Candlemas, and
overbore her with such words as may be well imagined.

“Auntie!” said the poor thing at last, shaking her beautiful curls,
and laying one little hand to her empty heart, “don’t be cross with me
to-day. I am going home to be married, auntie. It is the day my Aubyn
always fixed, and he never fails me.”

“Little fool!” her aunt exclaimed, as Frida kissed her hand and
courtesied, and ran round the corner; “one comfort is to know that she
is as mad as a mole, at any rate.”


Frida, knowing--perhaps more deeply than that violent woman
thought--the mischief thus put into her, stole back to her bedroom,
and, without a word to anyone, tired her hair in the Grecian snood
which her lover used to admire so, and arrayed her soft and delicate
form in all the bridal finery. Perhaps, that day, no bride in
England--certainly none of her youth and beauty--treated her favourite
looking-glass with such contempt and ingratitude. She did not care to
examine herself, through some reluctant sense of havoc, and a bitter
fear that someone might be disappointed in her. Then at the last, when
all was ready, she snatched up her lover’s portrait (which for days had
been cast aside and cold), and, laying it on her bosom, took a snatch
of a glance at her lovely self.

After some wonder she fetched a deep sigh--not from clearly thinking
anything, but as an act of nature--and said, “Good-by!” forever, with
a little smile of irony, to her looking-glass, and all the many pretty
things that knew her.

It was her bad luck, as some people thought thereafter--or her good
luck, as herself beheld it--to get down the stairs and out of the house
without anyone being the wiser. For the widow De Wichehalse, Albert’s
mother, had not been content with sealing the doom of this poor maiden,
but in that highly excited state, which was to be expected, hurried
into the house, to beard the worthy baron in his den. There she found
him; and, although he said and did all sympathy, the strain of parental
feelings could not yield without “hysterics.”

All the servants, and especially Mother Eyebright (whose chief duty
now was to watch Frida), were called by the terrified baron, and with
one unanimous rush replied; so that the daughter of the house left it
without notice, and before any glances was out of sight, in the rough
ground where the deer were feeding, and the umber oak-leaves hung.

It was the dainty time when first the year begins to have a little hope
of meaning kindly--when in the quiet places often, free from any haste
of wind, or hindrances of pattering thaw, small and unimportant flowers
have a little knack of dreaming that the world expects them. Therefore
neither do they wait for leaves to introduce them, nor much weather to
encourage, but in shelfy corners come, in a day, or in a night--no man
knows quite which it is; and there they are, as if by magic, asking,
“Am I welcome?” And if anybody sees them, he is sure to answer “Yes.”

Frida, in the sheltered corners and the sunny nooks of rock, saw a
few of these little things delicately trespassing upon the petulance
of spring. Also, though her troubles wrapped her with an icy mantle,
softer breath of Nature came, and sighed for her to listen to it, and
to make the best of all that is not past the sighing. More than once
she stopped to listen, in the hush of the timid south wind creeping
through the dishevelled wood; and once, but only once, she was glad to
see her first primrose and last, and stooped to pluck, but, on second
thoughts, left it to outblossom her.

So, past many a briered rock, and dingle buff with littered fern, green
holly copse where lurked the woodcock, and arcades of zigzag oak, Frida
kept her bridal robe from spot, or rent, or blemish. Passing all these
little pleadings of the life she had always loved, at last she turned
the craggy corner into the ledge of the windy cliff.

Now below her there was nothing but repose from shallow thought; rest
from all the little troubles she had made so much of; deep, eternal
satisfaction in the arms of something vast. But all the same, she did
not feel quite ready for the great jump yet.

The tide was in, and she must wait at least until it began to turn,
otherwise her white satin velvet would have all its pile set wrong, if
ever anybody found her. There could be no worse luck than that for any
bride on her wedding-day; therefore up the rock-walk Frida kept very
close to the landward side.

All this way she thought of pretty little things said to her in the
early days of love. Many things that made her smile because they had
gone so otherwise, and one or two that would have fetched her tears,
if she had any. Filled with vain remembrance thus, and counting up
the many presents sent to her for this occasion, but remaining safe
at home, Frida came to the little coving bower just inside the Point,
where she could go no further. Here she had received the pledges, and
the plight, and honour; and here her light head led her on to look for
something faithful.

“When the tide turns I shall know it. If he does not come by that time,
there will be no more to do. It will be too late for weddings, for the
tide turns at twelve o’clock. How calm and peaceful is the sea! How
happy are the sea gulls, and how true to one another!”

She stood where, if she had cared for life, it would have been certain
death to stand, so giddy was the height, and the rock beneath her feet
so slippery. The craggy headland, Duty Point, well known to every
navigator of that rock-bound coast, commands the Channel for many a
league, facing eastward the Castle Rock and Countisbury Foreland, and
westward Highveer Point, across the secluded cove of Leymouth. With
one sheer fall of a hundred fathoms the stern cliff meets the baffled
sea--or met it then, but now the level of the tide is lowering. Air
and sea were still and quiet; the murmur of the multitudinous wavelets
could not climb the cliff; but loops and curves of snowy braiding on
the dark gray water showed the set of tide and shift of current in and
out the buried rocks.

Standing in the void of fear, and gazing into the deep of death, Frida
loved the pair of sea gulls hovering halfway between her and the soft
gray sea. These good birds had found a place well suited for their
nesting, and sweetly screamed to one another that it was a contract.
Frida watched how proud they were, and how they kept their strong wings
sailing and their gray backs flat and quivering, while with buoyant
bosom each made circles round the other.

As she watched, she saw the turning of the tide below them. The
streaky bends of curdled water, lately true as fairy-rings, stopped
and wavered, and drew inward on their flowing curves, and outward on
the side toward the ebb. Then the south wind brought the distant toll
of her father’s turret-clock, striking noon with slow deliberation and
dead certainty.

Frida made one little turn toward her bower behind the cliff, where the
many sweet words spoken drew her to this last of hope. All was silent.
There was no one. Now was the time to go home at last.

Suddenly she felt a heavy drag upon her velvet skirt. Ancient Lear
had escaped from the chain she had put on him, and, more trusty than
mankind, was come to keep his faith with her.

“You fine old dog, it is too late! The clock has struck. The tide
has turned. There is no one left to care for me; and I have ruined
everyone. Good-by, you only true one!”

Submissive as he always was, the ancient dog lay down when touched, and
drew his grizzled eyelids meekly over his dim and sunken eyes. Before
he lifted them again Frida was below the sea gulls, and beneath the
waves they fished.

Lear, with a puzzled sniff, arose and shook his head, and peered, with
his old eyes full of wistful wonder, down the fearful precipice. Seeing
something, he made his mind up, gave one long re-echoed howl, then
tossed his mane, like a tawny wave, and followed down the death-leap.

Neither body was ever found; and the whole of this might not have been
known so clearly as it is known, unless it had happened that Mother
Eyebright, growing uneasy, came round the corner just in time to be too
late. She, like a sensible woman, never dreamed of jumping after them,
but ran home so fast that she could not walk to church for three months
afterward; and when her breath came back was enabled to tell tenfold of
all she had seen.

       *       *       *       *       *

One of the strangest things in life is the way in which we mortals take
the great and fatal blows of life.

For instance, the baron was suddenly told, while waiting for Frida to
sit beside him, at his one o’clock dinner:

“Plaize, my lard, your lardship’s darter hath a been and jumped off
Duty Point.”

“What an undutiful thing to do!” was the first thing Lord de Wichehalse
said; and those who knew no better thought that this was how he took it.

Aubyn Auberley, however, took a different measure of a broken-hearted
father’s strength. For the baron buckled on the armour of a century
ago, which had served his grandsire through hard blows in foreign
battles, and, with a few of his trusty servants, rode to join the
Parliament. It happened so that he could not make redress of his ruined
life until the middle of the summer. Then, at last, his chance came
to him, and he did not waste it. Viscount Auberley, who had so often
slipped away and laughed at him, was brought to bay beneath a tree in
the famous fight of Lansdowne.

The young man offered to hold parley, but the old man had no words. His
snowy hair and rugged forehead, hard-set mouth and lifted arm, were
enough to show his meaning. The gallant, being so skilled of fence,
thought to play with this old man as he had with his daughter; but the
Gueldres ax cleft his curly head, and split what little brain it takes
to fool a trusting maiden.

So, in early life, deceiver and deceived were quit of harm; and may ere
now have both found out whether it is better to inflict the wrong or
suffer it.




When I was a young man, and full of spirits, some forty years ago or
more, I lost my best and truest friend in a very sad and mysterious
way. The greater part of my life has been darkened by this heavy blow
and loss, and the blame which I poured upon myself for my own share in
the matter.

George Bowring had been seven years with me at the fine old school of
Shrewsbury, and trod on my heels from form to form so closely that,
when I became at last the captain of the school, he was second to
me. I was his elder by half a year, and “sapped” very hard, while he
laboured little; so that it will be plain at a glance, although he
never acknowledged it, that he was the better endowed of the two with
natural ability. At that time we of Salop always expected to carry
everything, so far as pure scholarship was concerned, at both the
universities. But nowadays I am grieved to see that schools of quite a
different stamp (such as Rugby and Harrow, and even Marlborough, and
worse of all peddling Manchester) have been running our boys hard,
and sometimes almost beating them. And how have they done it? Why, by
purchasing masters of our prime rank and special style.

George and myself were at one time likely, and pretty well relied upon,
to keep up the fame of Sabrina’s crown, and hold our own at Oxford. But
suddenly it so fell out that both of us were cut short of classics, and
flung into this unclassic world. In the course of our last half year at
school and when we were both taking final polish to stand for Balliol
scholarships, which we were almost sure to win, as all the examiners
were Shrewsbury men,--not that they would be partial to us, but because
we knew all their questions,--within a week, both George and I were
forced to leave the dear old school, the grand old town, the lovely
Severn, and everything but one another.

He lost his father; I lost my uncle, a gentleman in Derbyshire, who had
well provided my education; but, having a family of his own, could not
be expected to leave me much. And he left me even less than could, from
his own point of view, have been rational. It is true that he had seven
children; but still a man of £15,000 a year might have done, without
injustice--or, I might say, with better justice--something more than
to leave his nephew a sum which, after much pushing about into divers
insecurities, fetched £72 10s. per annum.

Nevertheless, I am truly grateful; though, perhaps, at the time I had
not that knowledge of the world which enlarges the grateful organs. It
cannot matter what my feelings were, and I never was mercenary. All my
sentiments at that period ran in Greek senarii; and perhaps it would
show how good and lofty boys were in that ancient time, though now they
are only rude Solecists, if I were to set these verses down--but, after
much consideration, I find it wiser to keep them in.

George Bowring’s father had some appointment well up in the Treasury.
He seems to have been at some time knighted for finding a manuscript
of great value that went in the end to the paper mills. How he did it,
or what it was, or whether he ever did it at all, were questions for
no one to meddle with. People in those days had larger minds than they
ever seem to exhibit now. The king might tap a man, and say, “Rise, Sir
Joseph,” and all the journals of the age, or, at least, the next day,
would echo “Sir Joseph!” And really he was worthy of it. A knight he
lived, and a knight he died; and his widow found it such a comfort!

And now on his father’s sudden death, George Bowring was left not so
very well off. Sir Joseph had lived, as a knight should do, in a
free-handed, errant, and chivalrous style; and what he left behind
him made it lucky that the title dropped. George, however, was better
placed, as regards the world, than I was; but not so very much as to
make a difference between us. Having always held together, and being
started in life together, we resolved to face the world (as other
people are always called) side by side, and with a friendship that
should make us as good as one.

This, however, did not come out exactly as it should have done. Many
things arose between us--such as diverse occupation, different hours
of work and food, and a little split in the taste of trowsers, which,
of course, should not have been. He liked the selvage down his legs,
while I thought it unartistic, and, going much into the graphic line, I
pressed my objections strongly.

But George, in the handsomest manner--as now, looking back on the case,
I acknowledge--waived my objections, and insisted as little as he could
upon his own. And again we became as tolerant as any two men, at all
alike, can be of one another.

He, by some postern of influence, got into some dry ditch of the
Treasury, and there, as in an old castle-moat, began to be at home, and
move, gently and after his seniors, as the young ducks follow the old
ones. And at every waddle he got more money.

My fortune, however, was not so nice. I had not Sir Joseph, of Treasury
cellars, to light me with his name and memory into a snug cell of my
own. I had nothing to look to but courage, and youth, and education,
and three-quarters of a hundred pounds a year, with some little change
to give out of it. Yet why should I have doubted? Now, I wonder at my
own misgivings; yet all of them still return upon me, if I ever am
persuaded just to try Welsh rabbit. Enough, that I got on at last, to
such an extent that the man at the dairy offered me half a year’s milk
for a sketch of a cow that had never belonged to him.

George, meanwhile, having something better than a brush for a walking
stick and an easel to sit down upon, had taken unto himself a wife--a
lady as sweet and bright as could be--by name Emily Atkinson. In truth,
she was such a charming person that I myself, in a quiet way, had taken
a very great fancy to her before George Bowring saw her; but as soon
as I found what a desperate state the heart of poor George was reduced
to, and came to remember that he was fitted by money to marry, while I
was not, it appeared to me my true duty toward the young lady and him,
and even myself, to withdraw from the field, and have nothing to say if
they set up their horses together.

So George married Emily, and could not imagine why it was that I strove
in vain to appear as his “best man,” at the rails where they do it.

For though I had ordered a blue coat and buttons, and a cashmere
waistcoat (amber-coloured, with a braid of peonies), yet at the last
moment my courage failed me, and I was caught with a shivering in the
knees, which the doctor said was ague. This and that shyness of dining
at his house (which I thought it expedient to adopt during the years
of his married life) created some little reserve between us, though
hardly so bad as our first disagreement concerning the stripe down the

However, before that dereliction I had made my friend a wedding
present, as was right and proper--a present such as nothing less than a
glorious windfall could have enabled me to buy. For while engaged, some
three years back, upon a grand historical painting of “Cœur de Lion and
Saladin,” now to be seen--but let that pass; posterity will always know
where to find it--I was harassed in mind perpetually concerning the
grain of the fur of a cat. To the dashing young artists of the present
day this may seem a trifle; to them, no doubt, a cat is a cat--or
would be, if they could make it one. Of course, there are cats enough
in London, and sometimes even a few to spare; but I wanted a cat of
peculiar order, and of a Saracenic cast. I walked miles and miles;
till at last I found him residing in a very old-fashioned house in the
Polygon, at Somers Town. Here was a genuine paradise of cats, carefully
ministered to and guarded by a maiden lady of Portuguese birth and of
advanced maturity. Each of these nine cats possessed his own stool--a
mahogany stool, with a velvet cushion, and his name embroidered upon
it in beautiful letters of gold. And every day they sat round the
fire to digest their dinners, all nine of them, each on his proper
stool, some purring, some washing their faces, and some blinking or
nodding drowsily. But I need not have spoken of this, except that one
of them was called “Saladin.” He was the very cat I wanted. I made his
acquaintance in the area, and followed it up on the knife-boy’s board.
And then I had the most happy privilege of saving him from a tail-pipe.
Thus my entrance was secured into this feline Eden; and the lady was
so well pleased that she gave me an order for nine full-length cat
portraits, at the handsome price of ten guineas apiece. And not only
this, but at her demise--which followed, alas! too speedily--she left
me £150, as a proof of her esteem and affection.

This sum I divided into three equal parts--fifty pounds for a present
for George, another fifty for a duty to myself, and the residue to
be put by for any future purposes. I knew that my friend had no gold
watch; neither, of course, did I possess one. In those days a gold
watch was thought a good deal of, and made an impression in society,
as a three-hundred-guinea ring does now. Barwise was then considered
the best watchmaker in London, and perhaps in the world. So I went to
his shop, and chose two gold watches of good size and substance--none
of your trumpery catchpenny things, the size of a gilt pill trodden
upon--at the price of fifty guineas each. As I took the pair, the
foreman let me have them for a hundred pounds, including also in that
figure a handsome gold key for each, of exactly the same pattern, and a
guard for the fob of watered black-silk ribbon.

My reason for choosing these two watches, out of a trayful of similar
quality, was perhaps a little whimsical--viz., that the numbers they
bore happened to be sequents. Each had its number engraved on its white
enamel dial, in small but very clear figures, placed a little above
the central spindle; also upon the extreme verge, at the nadir below
the seconds hand, the name of the maker, “Barwise, London.” They were
not what are called “hunting watches,” but had strong and very clear
lunette glasses fixed in rims of substantial gold. And their respective
numbers were 7777 and 7778.

Carrying these in wash-leather bags, I gave George Bowring his choice
of the two; and he chose the one with four figures of seven, making
some little joke about it, not good enough to repeat, nor even bad
enough to laugh at.


For six years after this all went smoothly with George Bowring and
myself. We met almost daily, although we did not lodge together (as
once we had done) nor spend the evening hours together, because, of
course, he had now his home and family rising around him. By the summer
of 1832 he had three children, and was expecting a fourth at no very
distant time. His eldest son was named after me, “Robert Bistre,” for
such is my name, which I have often thought of changing. Not that
the name is at all a bad one, as among friends and relations, but
that, when I am addressed by strangers, “Mr. Bistre” has a jingling
sound, suggestive of childish levity. “Sir Robert Bistre,” however,
would sound uncommonly well; and (as some people say) less eminent
artists--but perhaps, after all, I am not so very old as to be in a

In the summer of 1832--as elderly people will call to mind, and the
younger sort will have heard or read--the cholera broke over London
like a bursting meteor. Such panic had not been known, I believe, since
the time of the plague, in the reign of Charles II., as painted (beyond
any skill of the brush) by the simple and wonderful pen of Defoe.
There had been in the interval many seasons--or at least I am informed
so--of sickness more widely spread, and of death more frequent, if not
so sudden. But now this new plague, attacking so harshly a man’s most
perceptive and valued part, drove rich people out of London faster than
horses (not being attacked) could fly. Well, used as I was to a good
deal of poison in dealing with my colours, I felt no alarm on my own
account, but was anxious about my landlady. This was an excellently
honest woman of fifty-five summers at the utmost, but weakly
confessing to as much as forty. She had made a point of insisting upon
a brisket of beef and a flat-polled cabbage for dinner every Saturday;
and the same, with a “cowcumber,” cold on Sunday; and for supper a
soft-roed herring, ever since her widowhood.

“Mrs. Whitehead,” said I--for that was her name, though she said she
did not deserve it; and her hair confirmed her in that position by
growing darker from year to year--“Madam, allow me to beg you to vary
your diet a little at this sad time.”

“I varies it every day, Mr. Bistre,” she answered somewhat snappishly.
“The days of the week is not so many but what they all come round

For the moment I did not quite perceive the precision of her argument;
but after her death I was able to do more justice to her intellect.
And, unhappily, she was removed to a better world on the following

To a man in London of quiet habits and regular ways and periods there
scarcely can be a more desperate blow than the loss of his landlady.
It is not only that his conscience pricks him for all his narrow,
plagiaristic, and even irrational suspicions about the low level of his
tea caddy, or a neap tide in his brandy bottle, or any false evidence
of the eyes (which ever go spying to lock up the heart), or the ears,
which are also wicked organs--these memories truly are grievous to
him, and make him yearn now to be robbed again; but what he feels most
sadly is the desolation of having nobody who understands his locks.
One of the best men I ever knew was so plagued with his sideboard
every day for two years, after dinner, that he married a little new
maid-of-all-work--because she was a blacksmith’s daughter.

Nothing of that sort, however, occurred in my case, I am proud to say.
But finding myself in a helpless state, without anyone to be afraid
of, I had only two courses before me: either to go back to my former
landlady (who was almost too much of a Tartar, perhaps), or else to
run away from my rooms till Providence provided a new landlady.

Now, in this dilemma I met George Bowring, who saw my distress, and
most kindly pressed me to stay at his house till some female arose to
manage my affairs for me. This, of course, I declined to do, especially
under present circumstances; and, with mutual pity, we parted. But
the very next day he sought me out, in a quiet nook where a few good
artists were accustomed to meet and think; and there he told me that
really now he saw his way to cut short my troubles as well as his own,
and to earn a piece of enjoyment and profit for both of us. And I
happen to remember his very words.

“You are cramped in your hand, my dear fellow,” said he (for in those
days youths did not call each other “old man”--with sad sense of their
own decrepitude). “Bob, you are losing your freedom of touch. You must
come out of these stony holes, and look at a rocky mountain.”

My heart gave a jump at these words; and yet I had been too much laid
flat by facts--“sat upon,” is the slang of these last twenty years, and
in the present dearth of invention must serve, no doubt, for another
twenty--I say that I had been used as a cushion by so many landladies
and maids-of-all-work (who take not an hour to find out where they need
do no work), that I could not fetch my breath to think of ever going up
a mountain.

“I will leave you to think of it, Bob,” said George, putting his hat on
carefully; “I am bound for time, and you seem to be nervous. Consult
your pillow, my dear fellow; and peep into your old stocking and see
whether you can afford it.”

That last hit settled me. People said, in spite of all my generous
acts--and nobody knows, except myself, the frequency and the extent of
these--without understanding the merits of the case--perfect (or rather
imperfect) strangers said that I was stingy! To prove the contrary, I
resolved to launch into great expenditure, and to pay coach fare all
the way from London toward the nearest mountain.

Half the inhabitants now were rushing helter-skelter out of London, and
very often to seaside towns where the smell of fish destroyed them.
And those who could not get away were shuddering at the blinds drawn
down, and huddling away from the mutes at the doors, and turning pale
at the funeral bells. And some, who had never thought twice before of
their latter end, now began to dwell with so much unction upon it, that
Providence graciously spared them the waste of perpetual preparation.

Among the rest, George Bowring had been scared, far more than he liked
to own, by the sudden death of his butcher, between half a dozen chops
for cutlets and the trimming of a wing-bone. George’s own cook had gone
down with the order, and meant to bring it all back herself, because
she knew what butchers do when left to consider their subject. And Mrs.
Tompkins was so alarmed that she gave only six hours’ notice to leave,
though her husband was far on the salt-sea wave, according to her own
account, and she had none to make her welcome except her father’s
second wife. This broke up the household; and hence it was that George
tempted me so with the mountains.

For he took his wife and children to an old manor-house in Berkshire,
belonging to two maiden aunts of the lady, who promised to see to all
that might happen, but wanted no gentleman in the house at a period of
such delicacy. George Bowring, therefore, agreed to meet me on the 12th
day of September, at the inn in Reading--I forget its name--where the
Regulator coach (belonging to the old company, and leaving White Horse
Cellars at half-past nine in the morning) allowed an hour to dine, from
one o’clock onward, as the roads might be. And here I found him, and
we supped at Oxford, and did very well at the Mitre. On the following
morning we took coach for Shrewsbury, as we had agreed, and, reaching
the town before dark, put up at the Talbot Inn, and sauntered into the
dear old school, to see what the lads had been at since our time; for
their names and their exploits, at Oxford and Cambridge, are scored in
large letters upon the panels, from the year 1806 and onward, so that
soon there will be no place to register any more of them; and we found
that though we ourselves had done nothing, many fine fellows had been
instituted in letters of higher humanity, and were holding up the old
standard, so that we longed to invite them to dinner. But discipline
must be maintained; and that word means, more than anything else, the
difference of men’s ages.

Now, at Shrewsbury, we had resolved to cast off all further heed
of coaches; and knowing the country pretty well, or recalling it
from our childhood, to strike away on foot for some of the mountain
wildernesses. Of these, in those days, nobody knew much more than
that they were high and steep, and slippery and dangerous, and much to
be shunned by all sensible people who liked a nice fire and the right
side of the window. So that when we shouldered staves with knapsacks
flapping heavily, all the wiser sort looked on us as marching off to

In the morning, as we were starting, we set our watches by the old
school dial, as I have cause to remember well. And we staked half a
crown, in a sporting manner, each on his own watch to be the truer
by sun upon our way back again. And thus we left those ancient walls
and the glancing of the river, and stoutly took the Welshpool road,
dreading nought except starvation.

Although in those days I was not by any means a cripple, George was
far stronger of arm and leg, having always been famous, though we made
no fuss about such things then, for running and jumping, and lifting
weights, and using the boxing-gloves and the foils. A fine, brave
fellow as ever lived, with a short, straight nose and a resolute chin,
he touched the measuring-bar quite fairly at seventy-four inches,
and turned the scales at fourteen stone and a quarter. And so, as my
chattels weighed more than his (by means of a rough old easel and
material for rude sketches), he did me a good turn now and then by
changing packs for a mile or two. And thus we came in four days’ march
to Aber-Aydyr, a village lying under Cader Idris.


If any place ever lay out of the world, and was proud of itself for
doing so, this little village of Aber-Aydyr must have been very near
it. The village was built, as the people expressed it, of thirty
cottages, one public-house, one shop universal, and two chapels.
The torrent of the Aydyr entered with a roar of rapids, and at the
lower end departed in a thunder of cascades. The natives were all so
accustomed to live in the thick of this watery uproar that, whenever
they left their beloved village to see the inferior outer world,
they found themselves as deaf as posts till they came to a weir or a
waterfall. And they told us that in the scorching summer of the year
1826 the river had failed them so that for nearly a month they could
only discourse by signs; and they used to stand on the bridge and
point at the shrunken rapids, and stop their ears to exclude that
horrible emptiness. Till a violent thunderstorm broke up the drought,
and the river came down roaring; and the next day all Aber-Aydyr was
able to gossip again as usual.

Finding these people, who lived altogether upon slate, of a quaint and
original turn, George Bowring and I resolved to halt and rest the soles
of our feet a little, and sketch and fish the neighbourhood. For George
had brought his rod and tackle, and many a time had he wanted to stop
and set up his rod and begin to cast; but I said that I would not be
cheated so: he had promised me a mountain, and would he put me off with
a river? Here, however, we had both delights; the river for him and
the mountain for me. As for the fishing, all that he might have, and I
would grudge him none of it, if he fairly divided whatever he caught.
But he must not expect me to follow him always and watch all his dainty
manœuvring; each was to carry and eat his own dinner, whenever we made
a day of it, so that he might keep to his flies and his water, while I
worked away with my brush at the mountains. And thus we spent a most
pleasant week, though we knew very little of Welsh and the slaters
spoke but little English. But--much as they are maligned because they
will not have strangers to work with them--we found them a thoroughly
civil, obliging, and rather intelligent set of men; most of them also
of a respectable and religious turn of mind; and they scarcely ever
poach, except on Saturdays and Mondays.

On September 25, as we sat at breakfast in the little sanded parlour
of the Cross-Pipes public house, our bedroom being overhead, my dear
friend complained to me that he was tired of fishing so long up and
down one valley, and asked me to come with him further up, into wilder
and rockier districts, where the water ran deeper (as he had been
told) and the trout were less worried by quarrymen, because it was
such a savage place, deserted by all except evil spirits, that even
the Aber-Aydyr slaters could not enjoy the fishing there. I promised
him gladly to come, only keeping the old understanding between us,
that each should attend to his own pursuits and his own opportunities
mainly; so that George might stir most when the trout rose well, and
I when the shadows fell properly. And thus we set forth about nine
o’clock of a bright and cheerful morning, while the sun, like a courtly
perruquier of the reign of George II., was lifting, and shifting, and
setting in order the vapoury curls of the mountains.

We trudged along thus at a merry swing, for the freshness of autumnal
dew was sparkling in the valley, until we came to a rocky pass,
where walking turned to clambering. After an hour of sharpish work
among slaty shelves and threatening crags, we got into one of those
troughlike hollows hung on each side with precipices, which look as if
the earth had sunk for the sake of letting the water through. On our
left hand, cliff towered over cliff to the grand height of Pen y Cader,
the steepest and most formidable aspect of the mountain. Rock piled
on rock, and shingle cast in naked waste disdainfully, and slippery
channels scooped by torrents of tempestuous waters, forbade one to
desire at all to have anything more to do with them--except, of course,
to get them painted at a proper distance, so that they might hang at
last in the dining rooms of London, to give people appetite with sense
of hungry breezes, and to make them comfortable with the sight of

“This is very grand indeed,” said George, as he turned to watch me; for
the worst part of our business is to have to give an opinion always
upon points of scenery. But I am glad that I was not cross, or even
crisp with him that day.

“It is magnificent,” I answered; “and I see a piece of soft sward
there, where you can set up your rod, old fellow, while I get my
sticks in trim. Let us fill our pipes and watch the shadows; they do
not fall quite to suit me yet.”

“How these things make one think,” cried Bowring, as we sat on a stone
and smoked, “of the miserable littleness of men like you and me, Bob!”

“Speak for yourself, sir,” I said, laughing at his unaccustomed, but
by no means novel, reflection. “I am quite contented with my size,
although I am smaller than you, George. Dissatisfied mortal! Nature
wants no increase of us, or she would have had it.”

“In another world we shall be much larger,” he said, with his eyes on
the tops of the hills. “Last night I dreamed that my wife and children
were running to meet me in heaven, Bob.”

“Tush! You go and catch fish,” I replied; for tears were in his large,
soft eyes, and I hated the sentimental. “Would they ever let such a
little Turk as Bob Bistre into heaven, do you think? My godson would
shout all the angels deaf and outdrum all the cherubim.”

“Poor little chap! He is very noisy; but he is not half a bad sort,”
said George. “If he only comes like his godfather I shall wish no
better luck for him.”

These were kind words, and I shook his hand to let him know that I felt
them; and then, as if he were ashamed of having talked rather weakly,
he took with his strong legs a dangerous leap of some ten or twelve
feet downward, and landed on a narrow ledge that overhung the river.
Here he put his rod together, and I heard the click of reel as he drew
the loop at the end of the line through the rings, and so on; and I
heard him cry “Chut!” as he took his flies from his Scotch cap and
found a tangle; and I saw the glistening of his rod, as the sunshine
pierced the valley, and then his tall, straight figure pass the corner
of a crag that stood as upright as a tombstone; and after that no more
of any live and bright George Bowring.


Swift is the flight of Time whenever a man would fain lay hold of him.
All created beings, from Behemoth to a butterfly, dread and fly (as
best they may) that universal butcher--man. And as nothing is more
carefully killed by the upper sort of mankind than Time, how can he
help making off for his life when anybody wants to catch him?

Of course, I am not of that upper sort, and make no pretence to be so;
but Time, perhaps, may be excused for thinking--having had such a very
short turn at my clothes--that I belonged to the aristocracy. At any
rate, while I drew, and rubbed, and dubbed, and made hieroglyphics,
Time was uneasily shifting and shuffling the lines of the hills, as a
fever patient jerks and works the bed-clothes. And, worse than that,
he was scurrying westward (frightened, no doubt, by the equinox) at
such a pace that I was scared by the huddling together of shadows.
Awaking from a long, long dream--through which I had been working hard,
and laying the foundations of a thousand pounds hereafter--I felt the
invisible damp of evening settling in the valleys. The sun, from over
the sea, had still his hand on Cader Idris; but every inferior head and
height was gray in the sweep of his mantle.

I threw my hair back--for an artist really should be picturesque; and,
having no other beauty, must be firm to long hair, while it lasts--and
then I shouted, “George!” until the strata of the mountain (which dip
and jag, like veins of oak) began and sluggishly prolonged a slow
zigzag of echoes. No counter-echo came to me; no ring of any sonorous
voice made crag, and precipice, and mountain vocal with the sound of

“He must have gone back. What a fool I must be never to remember
seeing him! He saw that I was full of rubbish, and he would not disturb
me. He is gone back to the Cross-Pipes, no doubt. And yet it does not
seem like him.”

“To look for a pin in a bundle of hay” would be a job of sense and
wisdom rather than to seek a thing so very small as a very big man
among the depth, and height, and breadth of river, shingle, stone, and
rock, crag, precipice, and mountain. And so I doubled up my things,
while the very noise they made in doubling flurried and alarmed me;
and I thought it was not like George to leave me to find my way back
all alone, among the deep bogs, and the whirlpools, and the trackless
tracts of crag.

When I had got my fardel ready, and was about to shoulder it, the
sound of brisk, short steps, set sharply upon doubtful footing, struck
my ear, through the roar of the banks and stones that shook with
waterfall. And before I had time to ask, “Who goes there?”--as in this
solitude one might do--a slight, short man, whom I knew by sight as
a workman of Aber-Aydyr, named Evan Peters, was close to me, and was
swinging a slate-hammer in one hand, and bore in the other a five-foot
staff. He seemed to be amazed at sight of me, but touched his hat with
his staff, and said: “Good-night, gentleman!” in Welsh; for the natives
of this part are very polite. “Good-night, Evan!” I answered, in his
own language, of which I had picked up a little; and he looked well
pleased, and said in his English: “For why, sir, did you leave your
things in that place there? A bad mans come and steal them, it is very

Then he wished me “Good-night” again, and was gone--for he seemed to be
in a dreadful hurry--before I had the sense to ask him what he meant
about “my things.” But as his footfall died away a sudden fear came
over me.

“The things he meant must be George Bowring’s,” I said to myself; and I
dropped my own, and set off, with my blood all tingling, for the place
toward which he had jerked his staff. How long it took me to force my
way among rugged rocks and stubs of oak I cannot tell, for every moment
was an hour to me. But a streak of sunset glanced along the lonesome
gorge, and cast my shadow further than my voice would go; and by it I
saw something long and slender against a scar of rock, and standing far
in front of me. Toward this I ran as fast as ever my trembling legs
would carry me, for I knew too well that it must be the fishing-rod of
George Bowring.

It was stuck in the ground--not carelessly, nor even in any hurry; but
as a sportsman makes all snug, when for a time he leaves off casting.
For instance, the end fly was fixed in the lowest ring of the butt, and
the slack of the line reeled up so that the collar lay close to the rod
itself. Moreover, in such a rocky place, a bed to receive the spike
could not have been found without some searching. For a moment I was
reassured. Most likely George himself was near--perhaps in quest of
blueberries (which abound at the foot of the shingles and are a very
delicious fruit), or of some rare fern to send his wife, who was one
of the first in England to take much notice of them. And it shows what
confidence I had in my friend’s activity and strength, that I never
feared the likely chance of his falling from some precipice.

But just as I began, with some impatience--for we were to have dined
at the Cross-Pipes about sundown, five good (or very bad) miles away,
and a brace of ducks was the order--just as I began to shout, “George!
Wherever have you got to?” leaping on a little rock, I saw a thing that
stopped me. At the further side of this rock, and below my feet, was a
fishing basket, and a half-pint mug nearly full of beer, and a crust
of the brown, sweet bread of the hills, and a young white onion, half
cut through, and a clasp-knife open, and a screw of salt, and a slice
of the cheese, just dashed with goat’s milk, which George was so fond
of, but I disliked; and there may have been a hard-boiled egg. At the
sight of these things all my blood rushed to my head in such a manner
that all my power to think was gone. I sat down on the rock where
George must have sat while beginning his frugal luncheon, and I put
my heels into the marks of his, and, without knowing why, I began to
sob like a child who has lost his mother. What train of reasoning went
through my brain--if any passed in the obscurity--let metaphysicians or
psychologists, as they call themselves, pretend to know. I only know
that I kept on whispering, “George is dead! Unless he had been killed,
he never would have left his beer so!”

I must have sat, making a fool of myself, a considerable time in this
way, thinking of George’s poor wife and children, and wondering what
would become of them, instead of setting to work at once to know what
was become of him. I took up a piece of cheese-rind, showing a perfect
impression of his fine front teeth, and I put it in my pocketbook, as
the last thing he had touched. And then I examined the place all around
and knelt to look for footmarks, though the light was sadly waning.

For the moment I discovered nothing of footsteps or other traces to
frighten or to comfort me. A little narrow channel (all of rock and
stone and slaty stuff) sloped to the river’s brink, which was not more
than five yards distant. In this channel I saw no mark except that some
of the smaller stones appeared to have been turned over; and then I
looked into the river itself, and saw a force of water sliding smoothly
into a rocky pool.

“If he had fallen in there,” I said, “he would have leaped out again
in two seconds; or even if the force of the water had carried him down
into that deep pool, he can swim like a duck--of course he can. What
river could ever drown you, George?”

And then I remembered how at Salop he used to swim the flooded Severn
when most of us feared to approach the banks; and I knew that he could
not be drowned, unless something first had stunned him. And after that
I looked around, and my heart was full of terror.

“It is a murder!” I cried aloud, though my voice among the rocks might
well have brought like fate upon me. “As sure as I stand here, and God
is looking down upon me, this is a black murder!”

In what way I got back that night to Aber-Aydyr I know not. All I
remember is that the people would not come out of their houses to me,
according to some superstition, which was not explained till morning;
and, being unable to go to bed, I took a blanket and lay down beneath a
dry arch of the bridge, and the Aydyr, as swiftly as a spectre gliding,
hushed me with a melancholy song.


Now, as sure as ever I lay beneath the third arch of Aber-Aydyr Bridge,
in a blanket of Welsh serge or flannel, with a double border, so surely
did I see, and not dream, what I am going to tell you.

The river ran from east to west; and the moon, being now the harvest
moon, was not very high, but large and full, and just gliding over the
crest of the hill that overhangs the quarry-pit; so that, if I can put
it plainly, the moon was across the river from me, and striking the
turbulent water athwart, so that her face, or a glimmer thereof, must
have been lying upon the river if any smooth place had been left for
it. But of this there was no chance, because the whole of the river was
in a rush, according to its habit, and covered with bubbles, and froth,
and furrows, even where it did not splash, and spout, and leap, as
it loved to do. In the depth of the night, when even the roar of the
water seemed drowsy and indolent, and the calm trees stooped with their
heavy limbs overhanging the darkness languidly, and only a few rays of
the moon, like the fluttering of a silver bird, moved in and out the
mesh-work, I leaned upon my elbow, and I saw the dead George Bowring.

He came from the pit of the river toward me, quietly and without stride
or step, gliding over the water like a mist or the vapour of a calm
white frost; and he stopped at the ripple where the shore began, and he
looked at me very peacefully. And I felt neither fear nor doubt of him,
any more than I do of this pen in my hand.

“George,” I said, “I have been uneasy all the day about you and I
cannot sleep, and I have had no comfort. What has made you treat me so?”

He seemed to be anxious to explain, having always been so
straightforward; but an unknown hand or the power of death held him,
so that he could only smile. And then it appeared to me as if he
pointed to the water first and then to the sky, with such an import
that I understood (as plainly as if he had pronounced it) that his body
lay under the one and his soul was soaring on high through the other;
and, being forbidden to speak, he spread his hands, as if entrusting me
with all that had belonged to him; and then he smiled once more, and
faded into the whiteness of the froth and foam.

And then I knew that I had been holding converse, face to face, with
Death; and icy fear shook me, and I strove in vain to hide my eyes from
everything. And when I awoke in the morning there was a gray trunk of
an alder tree, just George Bowring’s height and size, on the other side
of the water, so that I could have no doubt that himself had been there.

After a search of about three hours we found the body of my dear
friend in a deep black pool of the Aydyr--not the first hole below
the place in which he sat down to his luncheon, but nearly a hundred
yards farther down, where a bold cliff jutted out and bent the water
scornfully. Our quarrymen would not search this pool until the sunlight
fell on it, because it was a place of dread with a legend hovering over
it. “The Giant’s Tombstone” was the name of the crag that overhung it;
and the story was that the giant Idris, when he grew worn out with
age, chose this rock out of many others near the top of the mountain,
and laid it under his arm and came down here to drink of the Aydyr.
He drank the Aydyr dry because he was feverish and flushed with age;
and he set down the crag in a hole he had scooped with the palms of
his hands for more water; and then he lay down on his back, and Death
(who never could reach to his knee when he stood) took advantage of
his posture to drive home the javelin. And thus he lay dead, with the
crag for his headstone, and the weight of his corpse sank a grave for
itself in the channel of the river, and the toes of his boots are still
to be seen after less than a mile of the valley.

Under this headstone of Idris lay the body of George Bowring, fair and
comely, with the clothes all perfect, and even the light cap still on
the head. And as we laid it upon the grass, reverently and carefully,
the face, although it could smile no more, still appeared to wear a
smile, as if the new world were its home, and death a mere trouble left
far behind. Even the eyes were open, and their expression was not of
fright or pain, but pleasant and bright, with a look of interest such
as a man pays to his food.

“Stand back, all of you!” I said sternly; “none shall examine him but
myself. Now all of you note what I find here.”

I searched all his pockets, one after another; and tears came to my
eyes again as I counted not less than eleven of them, for I thought
of the fuss we used to make with the Shrewsbury tailor about them.
There was something in every pocket, but nothing of any importance at
present, except his purse and a letter from his wife, for which he had
walked to Dolgelly and back on the last entire day of his life.

“It is a hopeless mystery!” I exclaimed aloud, as the Welshmen
gazed with superstitious awe and doubt. “He is dead as if struck by
lightning, but there was no storm in the valley!”

“No, no, sure enough; no storm was there. But it is plain to see what
has killed him!” This was Evan Peters, the quarryman, and I glanced at
him very suspiciously. “Iss, sure, plain enough,” said another; and
then they all broke into Welsh, with much gesticulation; and “e-ah,
e-ah,” and “otty, otty,” and “hanool, hanool,” were the sounds they
made--at least to an ignorant English ear.

“What do you mean, you fools?” I asked, being vexed at their offhand
way of settling things so far beyond them. “Can you pretend to say what
it was?”

“Indeed, then, and indeed, my gentleman, it is no use to talk no more.
It was the Caroline Morgan.”

“Which is the nearest house?” I asked, for I saw that some of them
were already girding up their loins to fly, at the mere sound of that
fearful name; for the cholera morbus had scared the whole country; and
if one were to fly, all the rest would follow, as swiftly as mountain
sheep go. “Be quick to the nearest house, my friends, and we will send
for the doctor.”

This was a lucky hit; for these Cambrians never believed in anyone’s
death until he had “taken the doctor.” And so, with much courage and
kindness, “to give the poor gentleman the last chance,” they made
a rude litter, and, bearing the body upon sturdy shoulders, betook
themselves to a track which I had overlooked entirely. Some people have
all their wits about them as soon as they are called for, but with me
it is mainly otherwise. And this I had shown in two things already; the
first of which came to my mind the moment I pulled out my watch to see
what the time was. “Good Heavens!” it struck me, “where is George’s
watch? It was not in any of his pockets; and I did not feel it in his

In an instant I made them set down the bier; and, much as it grieved
me to do such a thing, I carefully sought for my dear friend’s watch.
No watch, no seals, no ribbon, was there! “Go on,” I said; and I fell
behind them, having much to think about. In this condition, I took
little heed of the distance, or of the ground itself; being even
astonished when, at last, we stopped; as if we were bound to go on


We had stopped at the gate of an old farmhouse, built with massive
boulder stones, laid dry, and flushed in with mortar. As dreary a
place as was ever seen; at the head of a narrow mountain-gorge, with
mountains towering over it. There was no sign of life about it, except
that a gaunt hog trotted forth, and grunted at us, and showed his
tusks, and would perhaps have charged us, if we had not been so many.
The house looked just like a low church-tower, and might have been
taken for one at a distance if there had been any battlements. It
seemed to be four or five hundred years old, and perhaps belonged to
some petty chief in the days of Owen Glendower.

“Knock again, Thomas Edwards. Stop, let me knock,” said one of our
party impatiently. “There, waddow, waddow, waddow!”

Suiting the action to the word, he thumped with a big stone heavily,
till a middle-aged woman, with rough black hair, looked out of a
window and screamed in Welsh to ask what this terrible noise was. To
this they made answer in the same language, pointing to their sad
burden, and asking permission to leave it for the doctor’s inspection
and the inquest, if there was to be one. And I told them to add that
I would pay well--anything, whatever she might like to ask. But she
screamed out something that sounded like a curse, and closed the
lattice violently. Knowing that many superstitions lingered in these
mountains--as, indeed, they do elsewhere plentifully--I was not
surprised at the woman’s stern refusal to admit us, especially at this
time of pest; but I thought it strange that her fierce black eyes
avoided both me and the poor rude litter on which the body of George
lay, covered with some slate-workers’ aprons.

“She is not the mistress!” cried Evan Peters, in great excitement, as I
thought. “Ask where is Hopkin--Black Hopkin--where is he?”

At this suggestion a general outcry arose in Welsh for “Black Hopkin”;
an outcry so loud and prolonged that the woman opened the window again
and screamed--as they told me afterward--“He is not at home, you noisy
fools; he is gone to Machynlleth. Not long would you dare to make this
noise if Hopkin ap Howel was at home.”

But while she was speaking the wicket-door of the great arched gate was
thrown open, and a gun about six feet long and of very large bore was
presented at us. The quarrymen drew aside briskly, and I was about to
move somewhat hastily, when the great, swarthy man who was holding the
gun withdrew it, and lifted his hat to me, proudly and as an equal.

“You cannot enter this house,” he said in very good English, and by no
means rudely. “I am sorry for it, but it cannot be. My little daughter
is very ill, the last of seven. You must go elsewhere.”

With these words he bowed again to me, while his sad eyes seemed to
pierce my soul; and then he quietly closed the wicket and fastened it
with a heavy bolt, and I knew that we must indeed go further.

This was no easy thing to do; for our useless walk to “Crug y Dlwlith”
(the Dewless Hills), as this farm was called, had taken us further
at every step from the place we must strive for after all--the good
little Aber-Aydyr. The gallant quarrymen were now growing both weary
and uneasy; and in justice to them I must say that no temptation of
money, nor even any appeal to their sympathies, but only a challenge of
their patriotism held them to the sad duties owing from the living to
the dead. But knowing how proud all Welshmen are of the fame of their
race and country, happily I exclaimed at last, when fear was getting
the mastery, “What will be said of this in England, this low cowardice
of the Cymro?” Upon that they looked at one another and did their best
right gallantly.

Now, I need not go into any further sad details of this most sad time,
except to say that Dr. Jones, who came the next day from Dolgelly, made
a brief examination by order of the coroner. Of course, he had too much
sense to suppose that the case was one of cholera; but to my surprise
he pronounced that death was the result of “asphyxia, caused by too
long immersion in the water.” And knowing nothing of George Bowring’s
activity, vigour, and cultivated power in the water, perhaps he was not
to be blamed for dreaming that a little mountain stream could drown
him. I, on the other hand, felt as sure that my dear friend was foully
murdered as I did that I should meet him in heaven--if I lived well for
the rest of my life, which I resolved at once to do--and there have
the whole thing explained, and perhaps be permitted to glance at the
man who did it, as Lazarus did at Dives.

In spite of the doctor’s evidence and the coroner’s own persuasion, the
jury found that “George Bowring died of the Caroline Morgan”--which
the clerk corrected to cholera morbus--“brought on by wetting his feet
and eating too many fish of his own catching.” And so you may see it
entered now in the records of the court of the coroners of the king for

And now I was occupied with a trouble, which, after all, was more
urgent than the enquiry how it came to pass. When a man is dead, it
must be taken as a done thing, not to be undone; and, happily, all
near relatives are inclined to see it in that light. They are grieved,
of course, and they put on hatbands and give no dinner parties; and
they even think of their latter ends more than they might have desired
to do. But after a little while all comes round. Such things must be
happening always, and it seems so unchristian to repine; and if any
money has been left them, truly they must attend to it. On the other
hand, if there has been no money, they scarcely see why they should
mourn for nothing; and, as a duty, they begin to allow themselves to be
roused up.

But when a wife becomes a widow, it is wholly different. No money
can ever make up to her the utter loss of the love-time and the
loneliness of the remaining years; the little turns, and thoughts, and
touches--wherever she goes and whatever she does--which at every corner
meet her with a deep, perpetual want. She tries to fetch her spirit up
and to think of her duties to all around--to her children, or to the
guests whom trouble forces upon her for business’ sake, or even the
friends who call to comfort (though the call can fetch her none); but
all the while how deeply aches her sense that all these duties are as
different as a thing can be from her love-work to her husband!

What could I do? I had heard from George, but could not for my life
remember, the name of that old house in Berkshire where poor Mrs.
Bowring was on a visit to two of her aunts, as I said before. I
ventured to open her letter to her husband, found in his left-hand
side breast-pocket, and, having dried it, endeavoured only to make out
whence she wrote; but there was nothing. Ladies scarcely ever date a
letter both with time and place, for they seem to think that everybody
must know it, because they do. So the best I could do was to write
to poor George’s house in London, and beg that the letter might be
forwarded at once. It came, however, too late to hand. For, although
the newspapers of that time were respectably slow and steady, compared
with the rush they all make nowadays, they generally managed to outrun
the post, especially in the nutting season. They told me at Dolgelly,
and they confirmed it at Machynlleth, that nobody must desire to get
his letters at any particular time, in the months of September and
October, when the nuts were ripe. For the postmen never would come
along until they had filled their bags with nuts, for the pleasure of
their families. And I dare say they do the same thing now, but without
being free to declare it so.


The body of my dear friend was borne round the mountain slopes to
Dolgelly and buried there, with no relative near, nor any mourner
except myself; for his wife, or rather his widow, was taken with sudden
illness (as might be expected), and for weeks it was doubtful whether
she would stay behind to mourn for him. But youth and strength at last
restored her to dreary duties and worldly troubles.

Of the latter, a great part fell on me; and I did my best--though you
might not think so, after the fuss I made of my own--to intercept all
that I could, and quit myself manfully of the trust which George had
returned from the dead to enjoin. And, what with one thing and another,
and a sudden dearth of money which fell on me (when my cat-fund was all
spent, and my gold watch gone up a gargoyle), I had such a job to feed
the living that I never was able to follow up the dead.

The magistrates held some enquiry, of course, and I had to give my
evidence; but nothing came of it, except that the quarryman, Evan
Peters, clearly proved his innocence. Being a very clever fellow, and
dabbling a bit in geology, he had taken his hammer up the mountains, as
his practice was when he could spare the time, to seek for new veins of
slate, or lead, or even gold, which is said to be there. He was able
to show that he had been at Tal y Llyn at the time of day when George
would be having his luncheon; and the people who knew Evan Peters were
much more inclined to suspect me than him. But why should they suspect
anybody, when anyone but a fool could see “how plain it was of the

Twenty years slipped by (like a rope paid out on the seashore, “hand
over hand,” chafing as it goes, but gone as soon as one looks after
it), and my hair was gray, and my fame was growing (slowly, as it
appeared to me, but as all my friends said “rapidly”; as if I could
never have earned it!) when the mystery of George Bowring’s death was
solved without an effort.

I had been so taken up with the three dear children, and working for
them as hard as if they were my own (for the treasury of our British
empire was bankrupt to these little ones--“no provision had been made
for such a case,” and so we had to make it)--I say that these children
had grown to me and I to them in such degree that they all of them
called me “Uncle!”

This is the most endearing word that one human being can use to
another. A fellow is certain to fight with his brothers and sisters,
his father, and perhaps even his mother. Tenfold thus with his wife;
but whoever did fight with his uncle? Of course I mean unless he was
his heir. And the tenderness of this relation has not escaped _vox
populi_, that keen discriminator. Who is the most reliable, cordial,
indispensable of mankind--especially to artists--in every sense of the
word the dearest? A pawnbroker; he is our uncle.

Under my care, these three children grew to be splendid “members of
society.” They used to come and kick over my easel with legs that were
quite Titanic; and I could not scold them when I thought of George.
Bob Bistre, the eldest, was my apprentice, and must become famous in
consequence; and when he was twenty-five years old, and money became no
object to me (through the purchase by a great art critic of the very
worst picture I ever painted; half of it, in fact, was Bob’s!), I gave
the boy choice of our autumn trip to California, or the antipodes.

“I would rather go to North Wales, dear uncle,” he answered, and then
dropped his eyes, as his father used when he had provoked me. That
settled the matter. He must have his way; though as for myself, I must
confess that I have begun, for a long time now, upon principle, to
shun melancholy.

The whole of the district is opened up so by those desperate railways
that we positively dined at the Cross-Pipes Hotel the very day after
we left Euston Square. Our landlady did not remember me, which was
anything but flattering. But she jumped at Bob as if she would have
kissed him; for he was the image of his father, whose handsome face had
charmed her.


The Aydyr was making as much noise as ever, for the summer had been a
wet one; and of course all the people of Aber-Aydyr had their ears wide
open. I showed Bob the bridge and the place of my vision, but did not
explain its meaning, lest my love for him should seem fiduciary; and
the next morning, at his most urgent request, we started afoot for that
dark, sad valley. It was a long walk, and I did not find that twenty
years had shortened it.

“Here we are at last,” I said, “and the place looks the same as ever.
There is the grand old Pen y Cader, with the white cloud rolling as
usual; to the left and right are the two other summits, the arms of
the chair of Idris; and over the shoulder of that crag you can catch a
glassy light in the air--that is the reflection of Tal y Llyn.”

“Yes, yes!” he answered impatiently. “I know all that from your
picture, uncle. But show me the place where my father died.”

“It lies immediately under our feet. You see that gray stone down in
the hollow, a few yards from the river brink. There he sat, as I have
often told you, twenty years ago this day. There he was taking his
food, when someone----Well, well! God knows, but we never shall. My
boy, I am stiff in the knees; go on.”

He went on alone, as I wished him to do, with exactly his father’s
step, and glance, figure, face, and stature. Even his dress was of the
silver-gray which his father had been so fond of, and which the kind
young fellow chose to please his widowed mother. I could almost believe
(as a cloudy mantle stole in long folds over the highland, reproducing
the lights, and shades, and gloom of that mysterious day) that the
twenty years were all a dream, and that here was poor George Bowring
going to his murder and his watery grave.

My nerves are good and strong, I trow; and that much must have long
been evident. But I did not know what young Bob’s might be, and
therefore I left him to himself. No man should be watched as he stands
at the grave of his wife or mother: neither should a young fellow who
sits on the spot where his father was murdered. Therefore, as soon as
our Bob had descended into the gray stone-pit, in which his dear father
must have breathed his last, I took good care to be out of sight,
after observing that he sat down exactly as his father must have sat,
except that his attitude, of course, was sad, and his face pale and
reproachful. Then, leaving the poor young fellow to his thoughts, I
also sat down to collect myself.

But before I had time to do more than wonder at the mysterious ways
of the world, or of Providence in guiding it; at the manner in which
great wrong lies hidden, and great woe falls unrecompensed; at the
dark, uncertain laws which cover (like an indiscriminate mountain
cloud) the good and the bad, the kind and the cruel, the murdered and
the murderer--a loud shriek rang through the rocky ravine, and up the
dark folds of the mountain.

I started with terror, and rushed forward, and heard myself called, and
saw young Bowring leap up, and stand erect and firm, although with a
gesture of horror. At his feet lay the body of a man struck dead, flung
on its back, with great hands spread on the eyes, and white hair over

No need to ask what it meant. At last the justice of God was manifest.
The murderer lay, a rigid corpse, before the son of the murdered.

“Did you strike him?” I asked.

“Is it likely,” said the youth, “that I would strike an aged man like
that? I assure you I never had such a fright in my life. This poor old
fellow came on me quite suddenly, from behind a rock, when all my mind
was full of my father; and his eyes met mine, and down he fell, as if I
had shot him through the heart!”

“You have done no less,” I answered; and then I stooped over the corpse
(as I had stooped over the corpse of its victim), and the whole of my
strength was required to draw the great knotted hands from the eyes,
upon which they were cramped with a spasm not yet relaxed.

“It is Hopkin ap Howel!” I cried, as the great eyes, glaring with the
horror of death, stood forth. “Black Hopkin once, white Hopkin now!
Robert Bowring, you have slain the man who slew your father.”

“You know that I never meant to do it,” said Bob. “Surely, uncle, it
was his own fault!”

“How did he come? I see no way. He was not here when I showed you the
place, or else we must have seen him.”

“He came round the corner of that rock, that stands in front of the

Now that we had the clue, a little examination showed the track. Behind
the furze-bush, a natural tunnel of rock, not more than a few yards
long, led into a narrow gorge covered with brushwood, and winding into
the valley below the farmhouse of the Dewless Crags. Thither we hurried
to obtain assistance, and there the whole mystery was explained.

Black Hopkin (who stole behind George Bowring and stunned, or, perhaps,
slew him with one vile blow) has this and this only to say at the
Bar--that he did it through love of his daughter.

Gwenthlian, the last of seven, lay dying on the day when my friend and
myself came up the valley of the Aydyr. Her father, a man of enormous
power of will and passion, as well as muscle, rushed forth of the house
like a madman, when the doctor from Dolgelly told him that nothing more
remained except to await the good time of heaven. It was the same
deadly decline which had slain every one of his children at that same
age, and now must extinguish a long descended and slowly impoverished

“If I had but a gold watch I could save her!” he cried in his agony, as
he left the house. “Ever since the old gold watch was sold, they have
died--they have died! They are gone, one after one, the last of all my

In these lonely valleys lurks a strange old superstition that even
Death must listen to the voice of Time in gold; that, when the scanty
numbered moments of the sick are fleeting, a gold watch laid in the
wasted palm, and pointing the earthly hours, compels the scythe of
Death to pause, the timeless power to bow before the two great gods of
the human race--time and gold.

Poor George in the valley must have shown his watch. The despairing
father must have been struck with crafty madness at the sight. The
watch was placed in his daughter’s palm; but Death had no regard for
it. Thenceforth Black Hopkin was a blasted man, racked with remorse and
heart-disease, sometimes raving, always roving, but finding no place
of repentance. And it must have been a happy stroke--if he had made
his peace above, which none of us can deal with--when the throb of his
long-worn heart stood still at the vision of his victim, and his soul
took flight to realms that have no gold and no chronometer.



The Culm, which rises in Somersetshire, and hastening into a fairer
land (as the border waters wisely do) falls into the Exe near
Killerton, formerly was a lovely trout stream, such as perverts the
Devonshire angler from due respect toward Father Thames and the other
canals round London. In the Devonshire valleys it is sweet to see how
soon a spring becomes a rill, and a rill runs on into a rivulet, and a
rivulet swells into a brook; and before one has time to say, “What are
you at?”--before the first tree it ever spoke to is a dummy, or the
first hill it ever ran down has turned blue, here we have all the airs
and graces, demands and assertions of a full-grown river.

But what is the test of a river? Who shall say? “The power to drown a
man,” replies the river darkly. But rudeness is not argument. Rather
shall we say that the power to work a good undershot wheel, without
being dammed up all night in a pond, and leaving a tidy back-stream to
spare at the bottom of the orchard, is a fair certificate of riverhood.
If so, many Devonshire streams attain that rank within five miles of
their spring; aye, and rapidly add to it. At every turn they gather
aid, from ash-clad dingle and aldered meadow, mossy rock and ferny
wall, hedge-trough roofed with bramble netting, where the baby water
lurks, and lanes that coming down to ford bring suicidal tribute.
Arrogant, all-engrossing river, now it has claimed a great valley of
its own; and whatever falls within the hill scoop, sooner or later
belongs to itself. Even the crystal “shutt” that crosses the farmyard
by the woodrick, and glides down an aqueduct of last year’s bark for
Mary to fill the kettle from; and even the tricklets that have no
organs for telling or knowing their business, but only get into unwary
oozings in and among the water-grass, and there make moss and forget
themselves among it--one and all, they come to the same thing at last,
and that is the river.

The Culm used to be a good river at Culmstock, tormented already by
a factory, but not strangled as yet by a railroad. How it is now the
present writer does not know, and is afraid to ask, having heard of a
vile “Culm Valley Line.” But Culmstock bridge was a very pretty place
to stand and contemplate the ways of trout; which is easier work than
to catch them. When I was just big enough to peep above the rim, or
to lie upon it with one leg inside for fear of tumbling over, what a
mighty river it used to seem, for it takes a treat there and spreads
itself. Above the bridge the factory stream falls in again, having
done its business, and washing its hands in the innocent half that has
strayed down the meadows. Then under the arches they both rejoice and
come to a slide of about two feet, and make a short, wide pool below,
and indulge themselves in perhaps two islands, through which a little
river always magnifies itself, and maintains a mysterious middle. But
after that, all of it used to come together, and make off in one body
for the meadows, intent upon nurturing trout with rapid stickles, and
buttercuppy corners where fat flies may tumble in. And here you may
find in the very first meadow, or at any rate you might have found,
forty years ago, the celebrated “Crocker’s Hole.”

The story of Crocker is unknown to me, and interesting as it doubtless
was, I do not deal with him, but with his Hole. Tradition said that he
was a baker’s boy who, during his basket-rounds, fell in love with a
maiden who received the cottage-loaf, or perhaps good “Households,” for
her master’s use. No doubt she was charming, as a girl should be, but
whether she encouraged the youthful baker and then betrayed him with
false _rôle_, or whether she “consisted” throughout,--as our cousins
across the water express it,--is known to their _manes_ only. Enough
that she would not have the floury lad; and that he, after giving in
his books and money, sought an untimely grave among the trout. And
this was the first pool below the bread-walk deep enough to drown a
five-foot baker boy. Sad it was; but such things must be, and bread
must still be delivered daily.

A truce to such reflections,--as our foremost writers always say, when
they do not see how to go on with them,--but it is a serious thing
to know what Crocker’s Hole was like; because at a time when (if he
had only persevered, and married the maid, and succeeded to the oven,
and reared a large family of short-weight bakers) he might have been
leaning on his crutch beside the pool, and teaching his grandson to
swim by precept (that beautiful proxy for practice)--at such a time,
I say, there lived a remarkably fine trout in that hole. Anglers are
notoriously truthful, especially as to what they catch, or even more
frequently have not caught. Though I may have written fiction, among
many other sins,--as a nice old lady told me once,--now I have to deal
with facts; and foul scorn would I count it ever to make believe that
I caught that fish. My length at that time was not more than the butt
of a four-jointed rod, and all I could catch was a minnow with a pin,
which our cook Lydia would not cook, but used to say, “Oh, what a
shame, Master Richard! they would have been trout in the summer, please
God! if you would only a’ let ’em grow on.” She is living now, and will
bear me out in this.

But upon every great occasion there arises a great man; or to put it
more accurately, in the present instance, a mighty and distinguished
boy. My father, being the parson of the parish, and getting, need it
be said, small pay, took sundry pupils, very pleasant fellows, about
to adorn the universities. Among them was the original “Bude Light,”
as he was satirically called at Cambridge, for he came from Bude,
and there was no light in him. Among them also was John Pike, a born
Zebedee, if ever there was one.

John Pike was a thick-set younker, with a large and bushy head, keen
blue eyes that could see through water, and the proper slouch of
shoulder into which great anglers ripen; but greater still are born
with it; and of these was Master John. It mattered little what the
weather was, and scarcely more as to the time of year, John Pike must
have his fishing every day, and on Sundays he read about it, and made
flies. All the rest of the time he was thinking about it.

My father was coaching him in the fourth book of the Æneid and all
those wonderful speeches of Dido, where passion disdains construction;
but the only line Pike cared for was of horsehair. “I fear, Mr. Pike,
that you are not giving me your entire attention,” my father used to
say in his mild dry way; and once when Pike was more than usually
abroad, his tutor begged to share his meditations. “Well, sir,” said
Pike, who was very truthful, “I can see a green drake by the strawberry
tree, the first of the season, and your derivation of ‘barbarous’ put
me in mind of my barberry dye.” In those days it was a very nice point
to get the right tint for the mallard’s feather.

No sooner was lesson done than Pike, whose rod was ready upon the lawn,
dashed away always for the river, rushing headlong down the hill, and
away to the left through a private yard, where “no thoroughfare” was
put up, and a big dog stationed to enforce it. But Cerberus himself
could not have stopped John Pike; his conscience backed him up in
trespass the most sinful when his heart was inditing of a trout upon
the rise.

All this, however, is preliminary, as the boy said when he put his
father’s coat upon his grandfather’s tenterhooks, with felonious intent
upon his grandmother’s apples; the main point to be understood is this,
that nothing--neither brazen tower, hundred-eyed Argus, nor Cretan
Minotaur--could stop John Pike from getting at a good stickle. But,
even as the world knows nothing of its greatest men, its greatest men
know nothing of the world beneath their very nose, till fortune sneezes
dexter. For two years John Pike must have been whipping the water as
hard as Xerxes, without having ever once dreamed of the glorious trout
that lived in Crocker’s Hole. But why, when he ought to have been at
least on bowing terms with every fish as long as his middle finger, why
had he failed to know this champion? The answer is simple--because of
his short cuts. Flying as he did like an arrow from a bow, Pike used to
hit his beloved river at an elbow, some furlong below Crocker’s Hole,
where a sweet little stickle sailed away down stream, whereas for the
length of a meadow upward the water lay smooth, clear, and shallow;
therefore the youth, with so little time to spare, rushed into the
downward joy.

And here it may be noted that the leading maxim of the present period,
that man can discharge his duty only by going counter to the stream,
was scarcely mooted in those days. My grandfather (who was a wonderful
man, if he was accustomed to fill a cart in two days of fly-fishing on
the Barle) regularly fished down stream; and what more than a cartload
need anyone put into his basket?

And surely it is more genial and pleasant to behold our friend the
river growing and thriving as we go on, strengthening its voice and
enlargening its bosom, and sparkling through each successive meadow
with richer plenitude of silver, than to trace it against its own grain
and good-will toward weakness, and littleness, and immature conceptions.

However, you will say that if John Pike had fished up stream, he would
have found this trout much sooner. And that is true; but still, as it
was, the trout had more time to grow into such a prize. And the way in
which John found him out was this. For some days he had been tormented
with a very painful tooth, which even poisoned all the joys of fishing.
Therefore he resolved to have it out, and sturdily entered the shop of
John Sweetland, the village blacksmith, and there paid his sixpence.
Sweetland extracted the teeth of the village, whenever they required
it, in the simplest and most effectual way. A piece of fine wire was
fastened round the tooth, and the other end round the anvil’s nose,
then the sturdy blacksmith shut the lower half of his shop door, which
was about breast-high, with the patient outside and the anvil within; a
strong push of the foot upset the anvil, and the tooth flew out like a
well-thrown fly.

When John Pike had suffered this very bravely, “Ah, Master Pike,” said
the blacksmith, with a grin, “I reckon you won’t pull out thic there
big vish,”--the smithy commanded a view of the river,--“clever as you
be, quite so peart as thiccy.”

“What big fish?” asked the boy, with deepest interest, though his mouth
was bleeding fearfully.

“Why that girt mortial of a vish as hath his hover in Crocker’s Hole.
Zum on ’em saith as a’ must be a zammon.”

Off went Pike with his handkerchief to his mouth, and after him ran
Alec Bolt, one of his fellow-pupils, who had come to the shop to enjoy
the extraction.

“Oh, my!” was all that Pike could utter, when by craftily posting
himself he had obtained a good view of this grand fish.

“I’ll lay you a crown you don’t catch him!” cried Bolt, an impatient
youth, who scorned angling.

“How long will you give me?” asked the wary Pike, who never made rash

“Oh! till the holidays if you like; or, if that won’t do, till

Now the midsummer holidays were six weeks off--boys used not to talk of
“vacations” then, still less of “recesses.”

“I think I’ll bet you,” said Pike, in his slow way, bending forward
carefully, with his keen eyes on this monster; “but it would not be
fair to take till Michaelmas. I’ll bet you a crown that I catch him
before the holidays--at least, unless some other fellow does.”


The day of that most momentous interview must have been the 14th of
May. Of the year I will not be so sure; for children take more note
of days than of years, for which the latter have their full revenge
thereafter. It must have been the 14th, because the morrow was our
holiday, given upon the 15th of May, in honour of a birthday.

Now, John Pike was beyond his years wary as well as enterprising,
calm as well as ardent, quite as rich in patience as in promptitude
and vigour. But Alec Bolt was a headlong youth, volatile, hot, and
hasty, fit only to fish the Maëlstrom, or a torrent of new lava. And
the moment he had laid that wager he expected his crown piece; though
time, as the lawyers phrase it, was “expressly of the essence of the
contract.” And now he demanded that Pike should spend the holiday in
trying to catch that trout.

“I shall not go near him,” that lad replied, “until I have got a new
collar.” No piece of personal adornment was it, without which he
would not act, but rather that which now is called the fly-cast, or
the gut-cast, or the trace, or what it may be. “And another thing,”
continued Pike; “the bet is off if you go near him, either now or at
any other time, without asking my leave first, and then only going as I
tell you.”

“What do I want with the great slimy beggar?” the arrogant Bolt made
answer. “A good rat is worth fifty of him. No fear of my going near
him, Pike. You shan’t get out of it that way.”

Pike showed his remarkable qualities that day, by fishing exactly as he
would have fished without having heard of the great Crockerite. He was
up and away upon the mill-stream before breakfast; and the forenoon he
devoted to his favourite course--first down the Craddock stream, a very
pretty confluent of the Culm, and from its junction, down the pleasant
hams, where the river winds toward Uffculme. It was my privilege to
accompany this hero, as his humble Sancho; while Bolt and the faster
race went up the river ratting. We were back in time to have Pike’s
trout (which ranged between two ounces and one-half pound) fried for
the early dinner; and here it may be lawful to remark that the trout
of the Culm are of the very purest excellence, by reason of the flinty
bottom, at any rate in these the upper regions. For the valley is the
western outlet of the Black-down range, with the Beacon hill upon the
north, and Hackpen long ridge to the south; and beyond that again the
Whetstone hill, upon whose western end dark port-holes scarped with
white grit mark the pits. But flint is the staple of the broad Culm
Valley, under good, well-pastured loam; and here are chalcedonies and
agate stones.

At dinner everybody had a brace of trout--large for the larger folk,
little for the little ones, with coughing and some patting on the back
for bones. What of equal purport could the fierce rat-hunter show? Pike
explained many points in the history of each fish, seeming to know
them none the worse, and love them all the better, for being fried. We
banqueted, neither a whit did soul get stinted of banquet impartial.
Then the wielder of the magic rod very modestly sought leave of absence
at the tea time.

“Fishing again, Mr. Pike, I suppose,” my father answered pleasantly; “I
used to be fond of it at your age; but never so entirely wrapped up in
it as you are.”

“No, sir; I am not going fishing again. I want to walk to Wellington,
to get some things at Cherry’s.”

“Books, Mr. Pike? Ah! I am very glad of that. But I fear it can only be

“I want a little Horace for eighteen-pence--the Cambridge one just
published, to carry in my pocket--and a new hank of gut.”

“Which of the two is more important? Put that into Latin, and answer

“Utrum pluris facio? Flaccum flocci. Viscera magni.” With this vast
effort Pike turned as red as any trout spot.

“After that who could refuse you?” said my father. “You always tell the
truth, my boy, in Latin or in English.”

Although it was a long walk, some fourteen miles to Wellington and
back, I got permission to go with Pike; and as we crossed the bridge
and saw the tree that overhung Crocker’s Hole, I begged him to show me
that mighty fish.

“Not a bit of it,” he replied. “It would bring the blackguards. If the
blackguards once find him out, it is all over with him.”

“The blackguards are all in factory now, and I am sure they cannot see
us from the windows. They won’t be out till five o’clock.”

With the true liberality of young England, which abides even now as
large and glorious as ever, we always called the free and enlightened
operatives of the period by the courteous name above set down, and it
must be acknowledged that some of them deserved it, although perhaps
they poached with less of science than their sons. But the cowardly
murder of fish by liming the water was already prevalent.

Yielding to my request and perhaps his own desire--manfully kept
in check that morning--Pike very carefully approached that pool,
commanding me to sit down while he reconnoitred from the meadow upon
the right bank of the stream. And the place which had so sadly quenched
the fire of the poor baker’s love filled my childish heart with dread
and deep wonder at the cruelty of women. But as for John Pike, all he
thought of was the fish and the best way to get at him.

Very likely that hole is “holed out” now, as the Yankees well express
it, or at any rate changed out of knowledge. Even in my time a very
heavy flood entirely altered its character; but to the eager eye of
Pike it seemed pretty much as follows, and possibly it may have come to
such a form again:

The river, after passing though a hurdle fence at the head of the
meadow, takes a little turn or two of bright and shallow indifference,
then gathers itself into a good strong slide, as if going down a slope
instead of steps. The right bank is high and beetles over with yellow
loam and grassy fringe; but the other side is of flinty shingle, low
and bare and washed by floods. At the end of this rapid, the stream
turns sharply under an ancient alder tree into a large, deep, calm
repose, cool, unruffled, and sheltered from the sun by branch and
leaf--and that is the hole of poor Crocker.

At the head of the pool (where the hasty current rushes in so
eagerly, with noisy excitement and much ado) the quieter waters from
below, having rested and enlarged themselves, come lapping up round
either curve, with some recollection of their past career, the hoary
experience of foam. And sidling toward the new arrival of the impulsive
column, where they meet it, things go on, which no man can describe
without his mouth being full of water. A “V” is formed, a fancy letter
V, beyond any designer’s tracery, and even beyond his imagination,
a perpetually fluctuating limpid wedge, perpetually crenelled and
rippled into by little ups and downs that try to make an impress, but
can only glide away upon either side or sink in dimples under it. And
here a gray bough of the ancient alder stretches across, like a thirsty
giant’s arm, and makes it a very ticklish place to throw a fly. Yet
this was the very spot our John Pike must put his fly into, or lose his

Because the great tenant of Crocker’s Hole, who allowed no other fish
to wag a fin there, and from strict monopoly had grown so fat, kept
his victualing yard--if so low an expression can be used concerning
him--within about a square yard of this spot. He had a sweet hover,
both for rest and recreation, under the bank, in a placid antre, where
the water made no noise, but tickled his belly in digestive ease. The
loftier the character is of any being, the slower and more dignified
his movements are. No true psychologist could have believed--as
Sweetland the blacksmith did, and Mr. Pook the tinman--that this trout
could ever be the embodiment of Crocker. For this was the last trout in
the universal world to drown himself for love; if truly any trout has
done so.

“You may come now, and try to look along my back,” John Pike, with
a reverential whisper, said to me. “Now don’t be in a hurry, young
stupid; kneel down. He is not to be disturbed at his dinner, mind. You
keep behind me, and look along my back; I never clapped eyes on such a

I had to kneel down in a tender reminiscence of pasture land, and gaze
carefully; and not having eyes like those of our Zebedee (who offered
his spine for a camera, as he crawled on all fours in front of me), it
took me a long time to descry an object most distinct to all who have
that special gift of piercing with their eyes the water. See what is
said upon this subject in that delicious book, “The Gamekeeper at Home.”

“You are no better than a muff,” said Pike, and it was not in my power
to deny it.

“If the sun would only leave off,” I said. But the sun, who was having
a very pleasant play with the sparkle of the water and the twinkle of
the leaves, had no inclination to leave off yet, but kept the rippling
crystal in a dance of flashing facets, and the quivering verdure in a
steady flush of gold.

But suddenly a May-fly, a luscious gray-drake, richer and more delicate
than canvas-back or woodcock, with a dart and a leap and a merry
zigzag, began to enjoy a little game above the stream. Rising and
falling like a gnat, thrilling her gauzy wings, and arching her elegant
pellucid frame, every now and then she almost dipped her three long
tapering whisks into the dimples of the water.

“He sees her! He’ll have her as sure as a gun!” cried Pike, with a
gulp, as if he himself were “rising.” “Now, can you see him, stupid?”

“Crikey, crokums!” I exclaimed, with classic elegance; “I have seen
that long thing for five minutes; but I took it for a tree.”

“You little”--animal quite early in the alphabet--“now don’t you stir a
peg, or I’ll dig my elbow into you.”

The great trout was stationary almost as a stone, in the middle of the
“V” above described. He was gently fanning with his large clear fins,
but holding his own against the current mainly by the wagging of his
broad-fluked tail. As soon as my slow eyes had once defined him, he
grew upon them mightily, moulding himself in the matrix of the water,
as a thing put into jelly does. And I doubt whether even John Pike saw
him more accurately than I did. His size was such, or seemed to be
such, that I fear to say a word about it; not because language does not
contain the word, but from dread of exaggeration. But his shape and
colour may be reasonably told without wounding the feeling of an age
whose incredulity springs from self-knowledge.

His head was truly small, his shoulders vast; the spring of his back
was like a rainbow when the sun is southing; the generous sweep of his
deep elastic belly, nobly pulped out with rich nurture, showed what
the power of his brain must be, and seemed to undulate, time for time,
with the vibrant vigilance of his large wise eyes. His latter end was
consistent also. An elegant taper run of counter, coming almost to a
cylinder, as a mackered does, boldly developed with a hugeous spread to
a glorious amplitude of swallow-tail. His colour was all that can well
be desired, but ill-described by any poor word-palette. Enough that
he seemed to tone away from olive and umber, with carmine stars, to
glowing gold and soft pure silver, mantled with a subtle flush of rose
and fawn and opal.

Swoop came a swallow, as we gazed, and was gone with a flick, having
missed the May-fly. But the wind of his passage, or the skir of wing,
struck the merry dancer down, so that he fluttered for one instant on
the wave, and that instant was enough. Swift as the swallow, and more
true of aim, the great trout made one dart, and a sound, deeper than a
tinkle, but as silvery as a bell, rang the poor ephemerid’s knell. The
rapid water scarcely showed a break; but a bubble sailed down the pool,
and the dark hollow echoed with the music of a rise.

“He knows how to take a fly,” said Pike; “he has had too many to be
tricked with mine. Have him I must; but how ever shall I do it?”

All the way to Wellington he uttered not a word, but shambled along
with a mind full of care. When I ventured to look up now and then,
to surmise what was going on beneath his hat, deeply-set eyes and
a wrinkled forehead, relieved at long intervals by a solid shake,
proved that there are meditations deeper than those of philosopher or


Surely no trout could have been misled by the artificial May-fly
of that time, unless he were either a very young fish, quite new
to entomology, or else one afflicted with a combination of myopy
and bulimy. Even now there is room for plenty of improvement in our
counterfeit presentment; but in those days the body was made with
yellow mohair, ribbed with red silk and gold twist, and as thick as a
fertile bumble-bee. John Pike perceived that to offer such a thing to
Crocker’s trout would probably consign him--even if his great stamina
should over-get the horror--to an uneatable death, through just and
natural indignation. On the other hand, while the May-fly lasted, a
trout so cultured, so highly refined, so full of light and sweetness,
would never demean himself to low bait, or any coarse son of a maggot.

Meanwhile Alec Bolt allowed poor Pike no peaceful thought, no calm
absorption of high mind into the world of flies, no placid period of
cobblers’ wax, floss-silk, turned hackles, and dubbing. For in making
of flies John Pike had his special moments of inspiration, times of
clearer insight into the everlasting verities, times of brighter
conception and more subtle execution, tails of more elastic grace
and heads of a neater and nattier expression. As a poet labours at
one immortal line, compressing worlds of wisdom into the music of
ten syllables, so toiled the patient Pike about the fabric of a fly
comprising all the excellence that ever sprang from maggot. Yet Bolt
rejoiced to jerk his elbow at the moment of sublimest art. And a swarm
of flies was blighted thus.

Peaceful, therefore, and long-suffering, and full of resignation as he
was, John Pike came slowly to the sad perception that arts avail not
without arms. The elbow, so often jerked, at last took a voluntary jerk
from the shoulder and Alec Bolt lay prostrate, with his right eye full
of cobbler’s wax. This put a desirable check upon his energies for a
week or more, and by that time Pike had flown his fly.

When the honeymoon of spring and summer (which they are now too
fashionable to celebrate in this country), the hey-day of the whole
year marked by the budding of the wild rose, the start of the wheatear
from its sheath, the feathering of the lesser plantain, and flowering
of the meadow-sweet, and, foremost for the angler’s joy, the caracole
of May-flies--when these things are to be seen and felt (which has not
happened at all this year), then rivers should be mild and bright,
skies blue and white with fleecy cloud, the west wind blowing softly,
and the trout in charming appetite.

On such a day came Pike to the bank of Culm, with a loudly beating
heart. A fly there is, not ignominious, or of cowdab origin, neither
gross and heavy-bodied, from cradlehood of slimy stones, nor yet of
menacing aspect and suggesting deeds of poison, but elegant, bland,
and of sunny nature, and obviously good to eat. Him or her--why quest
we which?--the shepherd of the dale, contemptuous of gender, except in
his own species, has called, and as long as they two coexist will call,
the “Yellow Sally.” A fly that does not waste the day in giddy dances
and the fervid waltz, but undergoes family incidents with decorum and
discretion. He or she, as the case may be,--for the natural history of
the river bank is a book to come hereafter, and of fifty men who make
flies not one knows the name of the fly he is making,--in the early
morning of June, or else in the second quarter of the afternoon, this
Yellow Sally fares abroad, with a nice well-ordered flutter.

Despairing of the May-fly, as it still may be despaired of, Pike came
down to the river with his master-piece of portraiture. The artificial
Yellow Sally is generally always--as they say in Cheshire--a mile or
more too yellow. On the other hand, the “Yellow Dun” conveys no idea
of any Sally. But Pike had made a very decent Sally, not perfect (for
he was young as well as wise), but far above any counterfeit to be had
in fishing-tackle shops. How he made it, he told nobody. But if he
lives now, as I hope he does, any of my readers may ask him through the
G. P. O., and hope to get an answer.

It fluttered beautifully on the breeze, and in such living form, that
a brother or sister Sally came up to see it, and went away sadder and
wiser. Then Pike said: “Get away, you young wretch,” to your humble
servant who tells this tale; yet being better than his words, allowed
that pious follower to lie down upon his digestive organs and with deep
attention watch. There must have been great things to see, but to see
them so was difficult. And if I huddle up what happened, excitement
also shares the blame.

Pike had fashioned well the time and manner of this overture. He knew
that the giant Crockerite was satiate now with May-flies, or began to
find their flavour failing, as happens to us with asparagus, marrow-fat
peas, or strawberries, when we have had a month of them. And he thought
that the first Yellow Sally of the season, inferior though it were,
might have the special charm of novelty. With the skill of a Zulu,
he stole up through the branches over the lower pool till he came to
a spot where a yard-wide opening gave just space for spring of rod.
Then he saw his desirable friend at dinner, wagging his tail, as a
hungry gentleman dining with the Lord Mayor agitates his coat. With one
dexterous whirl, untaught by any of the many books upon the subject,
John Pike laid his Yellow Sally (for he cast with one fly only) as
lightly as gossamer upon the rapid, about a yard in front of the big
trout’s head. A moment’s pause, and then, too quick for words, was the
things that happened.

A heavy plunge was followed by a fearful rush. Forgetful of current the
river was ridged, as if with a plough driven under it; the strong line,
though given out as fast as might be, twanged like a harp-string as it
cut the wave, and then Pike stood up, like a ship dismasted, with the
butt of his rod snapped below the ferrule. He had one of those foolish
things, just invented, a hollow butt of hickory; and the finial ring of
his spare top looked out, to ask what had happened to the rest of it.
“Bad luck!” cried the fisherman; “but never mind, I shall have him next
time, to a certainty.”

When this great issue came to be considered, the cause of it was sadly
obvious. The fish, being hooked, had made off with the rush of a shark
for the bottom of the pool. A thicket of saplings below the alder tree
had stopped the judicious hooker from all possibility of following; and
when he strove to turn him by elastic pliance, his rod broke at the
breach of pliability. “I have learned a sad lesson,” said John Pike,
looking sadly.

How many fellows would have given up this matter, and glorified
themselves for having hooked so grand a fish, while explaining that
they must have caught him, if they could have done it! But Pike only
told me not to say a word about it, and began to make ready for
another tug of war. He made himself a splice-rod, short and handy, of
well-seasoned ash, with a stout top of bamboo, tapered so discreetly,
and so balanced in its spring, that verily it formed an arc, with any
pressure on it, as perfect as a leafy poplar in a stormy summer. “Now
break it if you can,” he said, “by any amount of rushes; I’ll hook you
by your jacket collar; you cut away now, and I’ll land you.”

This was highly skilful, and he did it many times; and whenever I was
landed well, I got a lollypop, so that I was careful not to break his
tackle. Moreover he made him a landing net, with a kidney-bean stick,
a ring of wire, and his own best nightcap of strong cotton net. Then
he got the farmer’s leave, and lopped obnoxious bushes; and now the
chiefest question was: what bait, and when to offer it? In spite of
his sad rebuff, the spirit of John Pike had been equable. The genuine
angling mind is steadfast, large, and self-supported, and to the vapid,
ignominious chaff, tossed by swine upon the idle wind, it pays as
much heed as a big trout does to a dance of midges. People put their
fingers to their noses and said: “Master Pike, have you caught him
yet?” and Pike only answered: “Wait a bit.” If ever this fortitude and
perseverance is to be recovered as the English Brand (the one thing
that has made us what we are, and may yet redeem us from niddering
shame), a degenerate age should encourage the habit of fishing and
never despairing. And the brightest sign yet for our future is the
increasing demand for hooks and gut.

Pike fished in a manlier age, when nobody would dream of cowering from
a savage because he was clever at skulking; and when, if a big fish
broke the rod, a stronger rod was made for him, according to the usage
of Great Britain. And though the young angler had been defeated, he did
not sit down and have a good cry over it.

About the second week in June, when the May-fly had danced its day,
and died,--for the season was an early one,--and Crocker’s trout had
recovered from the wound to his feelings and philanthropy, there came
a night of gentle rain, of pleasant tinkling upon window ledges, and
a soothing patter among young leaves, and the Culm was yellow in the
morning. “I mean to do it this afternoon,” Pike whispered to me, as
he came back panting. “When the water clears there will be a splendid

The lover of the rose knows well a gay voluptuous beetle, whose
pleasure is to lie embedded in a fount of beauty. Deep among the
incurving petals of the blushing fragrance, he loses himself in his
joys sometimes, till a breezy waft reveals him. And when the sunlight
breaks upon his luscious dissipation, few would have the heart to oust
him, such a gem from such a setting. All his back is emerald sparkles;
all his front red Indian gold, and here and there he grows white spots
to save the eye from aching. Pike put his finger in and fetched him
out, and offered him a little change of joys, by putting a Limerick
hook through his thorax, and bringing it out between his elytra.
_Cetonia aurata_ liked it not, but pawed the air very naturally, and
fluttered with his wings attractively.

“I meant to have tried with a fern-web”, said the angler; “until I
saw one of these beggars this morning. If he works like that upon the
water, he will do. It was hopeless to try artificials again. What a
lovely colour the water is! Only three days now to the holidays. I have
run it very close. You be ready, younker.”

With these words he stepped upon a branch of the alder, for the tone of
the waters allowed approach, being soft and sublustrous, without any
mud. Also Master Pike’s own tone was such as becomes the fisherman,
calm, deliberate, free from nerve, but full of eye and muscle. He
stepped upon the alder bough to get as near as might be to the fish,
for he could not cast this beetle like a fly; it must be dropped gently
and allowed to play. “You may come and look,” he said to me; “when the
water is so, they have no eyes in their tails.”

The rose-beetle trod upon the water prettily, under a lively vibration,
and he looked quite as happy, and considerably more active, than when
he had been cradled in the anthers of the rose. To the eye of a fish he
was a strong individual, fighting courageously with the current, but
sure to be beaten through lack of fins; and mercy suggested, as well as
appetite, that the proper solution was to gulp him.

“Hooked him in the gullet. He can’t get off!” cried John Pike,
labouring to keep his nerves under; “every inch of tackle is as strong
as a bell-pull. Now, if I don’t land him, I will never fish again!”

Providence, which had constructed Pike, foremost of all things, for
lofty angling--disdainful of worm and even minnow--Providence, I say,
at this adjuration, pronounced that Pike must catch that trout. Not
many anglers are heaven-born; and for one to drop off the hook halfway
through his teens would be infinitely worse than to slay the champion
trout. Pike felt the force of this, and rushing through the rushes,
shouted: “I am sure to have him, Dick! Be ready with my nightcap.”

Rod in a bow, like a springle-riser; line on the hum, like the string
of Paganini; winch on the gallop, like a harpoon wheel, Pike, the
head-centre of everything, dashing through thick and thin, and once
taken overhead--for he jumped into the hole, when he must have lost
him else, but the fish too impetuously towed him out, and made off in
passion for another pool, when, if he had only retired to his hover,
the angler might have shared the baker’s fate--all these things (I
tell you, for they all come up again, as if the day were yesterday) so
scared me of my never very steadfast wits, that I could only holloa!
But one thing I did, I kept the nightcap ready.

“He is pretty nearly spent, I do believe,” said Pike; and his voice was
like balm of Gilead, as we came to Farmer Anning’s meadow, a quarter of
a mile below Crocker’s Hole. “Take it coolly, my dear boy, and we shall
be safe to have him.”

Never have I felt, through forty years, such tremendous responsibility.
I had not the faintest notion how to use a landing net; but a mighty
general directed me. “Don’t let him see it; don’t let him see it! Don’t
clap it over him; go under him, you stupid! If he makes another rush,
he will get off, after all. Bring it up his tail. Well done! You have

The mighty trout lay in the nightcap of Pike, which was half a fathom
long, with a tassel at the end, for his mother had made it in the
winter evenings. “Come and hold the rod, if you can’t lift him,” my
master shouted, and so I did. Then, with both arms straining, and his
mouth wide open, John Pike made a mighty sweep, and we both fell upon
the grass and rolled, with the giant of the deep flapping heavily
between us, and no power left to us, except to cry, “Hurrah!”



Transcriber’s Notes

Punctuation, hyphenation, and spelling were made consistent when a
predominant preference was found in this book; otherwise they were not

Simple typographical errors were corrected; occasional unbalanced
quotation marks retained.

Ambiguous hyphens at the ends of lines were retained.

Page 30: “facundity” was printed that way.

Page 86: “cinamon” was printed that way.

Page 125: “tired her hair in the Grecian snood” was printed that way.

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