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Title: Gift Card Designs
Author: Lemos, Pedro J.
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Gift Card Designs" ***

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                       [Illustration: Bookcover:

                               GIFT CARD
                               DESIGNING

                           by PEDRO J LEMOS

                     THIS CHRISTMAS WREATH FOR YOU

                             PUBLISHED BY
                       THE SCHOOL ARTS MAGAZINE
          The Davis Press, 25 Foster Street, Worcester, Mass.

COPYRIGHTED 1922, BY THE DAVIS PRESS, INC., WORCESTER, MASS., U. S. A.



                          Gift Card Designing

                            PEDRO J. LEMOS


There is less satisfactory holiday hunting for greeting cards than for
any other gift. Visit any shop where gift cards are in evidence and you
will note how prospective purchasers go over and over the display,
finding one here, discarding it later and at the end possibly making a
hesitating and unsatisfied selection.

Publishers have stated to me that if there is one symbol of the holiday
season that should be rejuvenated, it is the custom of sending gift
cards. We can all recall how dear to our eyes were the lace-edged,
isinglass, snow-encrusted gift cards, which had to be handled with
finger tips, and the singing bird sentiments, which were so daintily
revealed by a surprise opening of a flap. These cards, together with the
horse-hair sofa and the wax flowers in a glass dome, were part of a
certain evolution, and, of course, the only place now for such cards is
way down at the bottom of some memory box.

Previous to the world war, America was flooded with cards of a
gingerbread tinsel order of decorations turned out by the million in
foreign countries. These, as well as postcards, were printed in huge
editions by sweat-shop methods, which, together with certain
“can’t-be-done-better” slogans, caused our own shops to fall back as
competitors.

Now we all know that, no matter how perfect the printing may be, the
design and idea must be the selling factor of the gift card. And again,
the more the idea and wording meet with the personal or local trend of
the community in which it is distributed, the better it will be
accepted.

That possibly is the reason why you and I can’t find what we want when
we look for a card to express our personal feeling, because it was
expressed either in Dresden or London or Hoboken or Squashville. What we
need are cards that are typical community expressions from the parts of
the country from which they come. It is just as foolish for me to send
you a card from California with a home-coming sleigh scene having
snow-burdened roofs for a back-ground, as it would be for you to send a
decoration unrelated to your environment. Let’s use motifs and scenes
and wording which create the charm of our home section, and we will find
that the card will be doubly welcomed by the recipient on that account.

If the American card is to be encouraged in America, the designing and
appreciation of such must be started right in the art rooms of our
schools; and the most important part of such a problem is the
lettering.

Lettering need not be approached with fear and trembling, for it can be
done with ease and pleasure. I know of students who shunned lettering
because they thought it mechanical and laborious, but who, after
discovering its possibilities, had almost to be bribed to do anything
else.

The old masters and artist-craftsmen recognized that lettering could be
as artistic as the worker desired and nothing is more beautiful in
lettering than the illuminated manuscripts and books of those ages.

The easiest way to produce lettering is to use the lettering pens. These
pens are made with a separate, small brass tip which is placed on the
pen as a fountain. The fountain is filled from the quill of the drawing
ink bottle, just as the ink is put into a ruling pen. As the pens come
in about twelve different stroke-widths, it is well to have a pen holder
for each size. This will save confusion and time. When the pen is being
used it should be held so that both sides of the pen-point rest on the
paper. It is not necessary to press the pen for wide parts, as it will
almost automatically produce the wide strokes when brought downward and
the thin strokes when brought upward.

The board on which the drawing is made should be placed at an angle of
45 degrees to permit the ink to flow well. If too great a slant is used,
the ink, strange to say, refuses to run up hill, and if the board is
placed flat, the ink on the pen will be too ambitious to arrive.

Before beginning a card, the idea should be roughly planned, so that the
general forms may be considered. This is termed the “dummy.” In planning
the dummy, consider carefully the margins. Good lettering is often
spoiled by poor spacing. Because you are doing lettering, do not ignore
design principles. Every design principle you know of can be used in
lettering, just as it can be in any art application.

To prevent your lettering from being at a slant, or “off its feet,” to
use the printer’s term, you should rule light vertical plumb lines to
guide your letter strokes.

When lettering, remember that unity must be thought of continually. If
the finish of each stroke or “serif” is large on the first letter, it
must be similar on all other letters. The thin strokes throughout a line
of lettering should be equal in weight. This rule applies also to the
thick strokes. The lettering pens take care of this if used properly and
if no undue pressure is placed on the pen.

A beautiful initial is always a happy beginning to a quotation. With
color or illumination added, much charm is possible. If the lettering is
on soft-surfaced paper, it will be found that a leather tool or other
metal point can be used for tooling the initial from the back as well
as from the front. Gold or silver water colors, added with proper
restraint give a sparkle to the card.

If your class wishes to raise funds for some worthy enterprise try
having a class competition for gift cards. The verses can be a problem
for the class in English. Selecting the best half-dozen designs, get in
touch with an engraver, and have the students make working-drawings.
Right there you will learn something new about drawing for the
industries. Then after the engravings are received, if your school is
one of the fortunate ones with a printing department, have your students
co-operate with the printing students in securing the right colors, etc.
Plan envelopes, which can be easily made by cutting the paper from
patterns and then folding and pasting them together.

Beginners in gift card designing should all be encouraged to start with
simple work, similar to that in Plate 3. Such work results in
well-designed cards and is encouraging to the originator. The idea of
using cut paper is always good with amateur artists, as it helps them to
keep their work simple and makes color harmonies easier. Elaborate
ideas, such as figures, ornate designs, etc., should be avoided at the
start.

In selecting colors, the students should be encouraged to use subdued or
grayed tones, for, by this means, they are much more certain of
obtaining a rich-looking card. There are too many printed cards already
on the market which are done in gaudy colors, without adding more. If
cut paper cards are made, the students can decide on the colors they
want by laying strips of the colored paper side by side, until the best
color scheme has been decided upon.

Too much stress cannot be laid upon good placing or arrangement of the
lettering. In Plate 4, we have a series of cards that are fairly good,
but that would have been quite a bit improved by better lettering. The
ideas and general arrangement of these cards make them good suggestions.

Often we find students in classes turning out cards all based upon the
same general composition. It is easy for students to follow a general
type of card suggested by the teacher or some progressive young artist.
In Plate 5, we find a page of ten typical arrangements. Although
different as to basic composition, they are all good, and can be used as
a start for original work. Always bear in mind the idea that both
lettering and decoration should be in complete harmony. Light fantastic
lettering, for instance, would not be in harmony with heavy, bold
decorations.

In late years we find many artists and designers, who cannot find
suitable cards in the book shops, sketching designs of their own and
having them printed. In this way they can put in an individual touch and
produce a card that exactly meets their requirements. Although such a
card is more expensive than a stock card, the plan works out well for
those who have a fair list of mailing acquaintances. A page of such
cards is shown in Plate 6.

The use of flat, massive tones, provided the colors are not too heavy,
always makes a distinctive card. Plate 7 shows a page of such designs. A
good typical example is the card in the lower right hand corner which
contains the quotation from Dickens. The use of toned paper often helps.
At most art stores it is possible to obtain a vegetable parchment paper
which makes splendid material on which to draw or print the strong,
decorative type of gift card.

Oftentimes we receive or send holiday cards that are based on a humorous
trend. Nothing takes so well as a bit of verse with a smile tied onto it
somewhere, provided it is well done. A cheerful card is generally kept
and placed where its owner can see it often. Designs for such cards
should be well-planned, in order to avoid an appearance of the comic
valentine in their general make-up. A page of work having the
semi-humorous element is found in Plate 8.

Anyone desiring to reproduce an artistic card with the minimum expense,
will do well to look into the idea of using cut linoleum. By planning
motifs that hold well together, and are strong in design, it is possible
to cut out some very acceptable blocks in heavy linoleum. From these,
almost any number of gift cards can be printed by hand in varied colors.
When dry, these cards can be hand colored. Because of the difficulty in
cutting out the letters, one should use as few words as possible.
Designs adapted to this work are found in Plate 9.

Occasionally, students having a natural bent or enthusiasm for design
will be found anxious to produce a card of the style found in Plate 10.
In cards of this kind, careful attention must be given to the motifs
used and to the placing of these motifs in the general composition. As
most of the stress is laid on the design, rather than the lettering, it
is important that this design be well planned and equally well carried
out. In case of doubt, it is better to leave out some of the ornament
rather than have the card overcrowded or ornate.

The holiday motifs shown in Plate 11 are not only adapted to gift cards,
but also to posters, place cards, and room or tree decorations. It is a
good problem to allow the students to take such a page of motifs and
from them to plan their own card, using their own ideas as to size of
card, proportion, lettering, etc. This is splendid training for the
artists in the line of what is known to the printers as “make-up.” After
the preliminary sketches have been made the teacher can call attention
to mistakes in balance, rhythm, etc., and suggest corrections.

Other useful ornaments, not only for Christmas but also for Easter and
Hallowe’en, are found in Plates 12 and 13. The test of a student’s
ability lies in the way he is able to arrange such motifs into a good
card, or the manner in which he derives ideas from these motifs for
original work.

Plate 14 gives us some very effective motifs for Washington’s Birthday.
These figures can be cut in paper, done in opaque wash, or finished in
pen and ink. Original poems may be written by members of the class and
added to the card. School programs or invitations can be made a class
problem for this topic.

Valentines also afford a good opportunity for a class problem. Try to
encourage in the students the development of new ideas or original
treatment in the handling of their valentine cards. A card does not need
to be gaudy, over-elaborate, or grotesque, in order to be attractive. A
few simple motifs, well placed, and with good coloring, will produce the
most pleasing kind of a card. Humorous cards, containing good clean fun
are always acceptable, if well done.

A Valentine containing unique possibilities is shown in Plate 16. The
same idea can be varied so as to make a number of novel cards. The
little envelope, which this card features, is easily constructed and
will hold quite a message, if written carefully. The figure of the
messenger can be hand colored in buff and vermilion.

The cards and motifs shown on these plates make a series of general
suggestions. Based on the types shown here, as regards lettering,
design, and card sizes, gift cards for the various holidays and for
birthdays can be planned and worked out. Once your students produce such
cards, they will never again be satisfied with stock cards. Successful
students can find remuneration as well as much joy in designing gift
cards for their friends’ needs, and in time may be able to create a
market in their own locality.


Outline for Problems in Gift Card Work

     PROBLEM 1. Have students select or originate a good Christmas
     sentiment. Next, sketch on an 8 x 10 sheet of pencil paper four
     different arrangements of this idea.

     PROBLEM 2. After selecting the best composition from sketches in
     Problem 1, plan a card and envelope arrangement to go with it.
     Study over suggestions given in Plate 2.

     PROBLEM 3. Using three colors and a tinted paper, complete the idea
     planned in Problems 1 and 2. Possibly two varied types of cards can
     be worked up.

     PROBLEM 4. As a variation, design and complete two simple cards in
     cut paper. Use about four colors, using the background as one of
     the colors.

     PROBLEM 5. Keeping the flat decorative type of work as a standard
     study the cards in Plate 7. Next, design a Christmas folder of two
     or four pages, having a cover design and lettered verse inside.

     PROBLEM 6. Plan a set of four holiday tags or stickers to go with
     packages. These should not exceed 2 x 3 inches in size and can be
     of the semi-humorous type.

     PROBLEM 7. Have students copy a good pen alphabet using both the
     capitals and small letters. This card should be made on a 8 x 10
     sheet of bristol board.

     PROBLEM 8. Either look up or originate some text that will make a
     good holiday gift. Block out a wall card that will be about 6 x 9
     inches in proportion and design the motto to fit this space using
     the pen letters studied.

     PROBLEM 9. Study the cut paper cards made in Problem 4. Also look
     at Plate 9. Next, on pencil paper, block out two compositions that
     will cut well in linoleum. Select the best and work it out
     carefully in color, planning every part in flat tones.

     PROBLEM 10. From color sketch, trace and cut out the linoleum
     blocks. Using opaque water colors, print a set of fifteen or twenty
     good cards. Make envelopes to go with them. Vary color schemes if
     desired.

     PROBLEM 11. Allow each student to originate a color scheme and
     table plan for a Christmas dinner. After this has been perfected,
     have each student make six place cards to go with the decorations.

     PROBLEM 12. Study suggestions in Plate 12 and 13. From these or
     other material, design one round and one oblong sticker to be
     placed on a gift package. This may be for any of the holidays or
     for a birthday.

     PROBLEM 13. Look over Plate 14. Using these suggestions or similar
     ones, plan a program or an invitation to Washington’s Birthday
     exercises at the school. Size and color optional.

     PROBLEM 14. Study Plates 15 and 16. Next, design two good
     Valentines, one being of the greeting type and the other having
     some novelty added, as the one found in Plate 16. Keep lettering
     clear and simple.

     PROBLEM 15. Design an artistic Easter Card, using white or cream
     paper and delicate coloring. Tie with appropriate cord or ribbon.

     PROBLEM 16. Plan invitations to a Fourth of July party. Work for a
     unique effect without using too many colors.

     PROBLEM 17. Do the same with Hallowe’en, using cut paper instead of
     colors.

     PROBLEM 18. Design an invitation to a Thanksgiving dinner, using a
     combination of ink outlines and flat washes of watercolor.

[Illustration: PLATE 1

A GOOD GIFT CARD is always first sketched in lightly and planned from
the standpoint of good balance and design. In designing a card always
try several small arrangements or compositions before deciding on the
one to complete.]

[Illustration: PLATE 2

IN ADDITION to the planning of the lettering, the designer has an
opportunity for invention as regards the type of card and its envelope
or container. A novel idea goes a long way toward success.]

[Illustration: PLATE 3

NOTHING pleases the receiver so much as a hand finished card from some
good friend. Above are some simple designs that any artist could
produce. These originals were made by children.]

[Illustration: PLATE 4

ANOTHER PAGE containing some simple compositions. By using subdued tones
of green, red and white on a gray or buff paper, very interesting color
effects may be obtained. These were made by students in high school
grades.]

[Illustration: PLATE 5

CHRISTMAS CARDS. Ten typical arrangements. 1. Full panel decorations. 2.
Initial decoration. 3. Ornamental initial. 4. Text illustrated. 5.
Lettering only. 6. Lettering and panel ornament. 7. Panel decoration and
text panel. 8. Pictorial panel and text. 9. Border decoration. 10. Free
symbol and text. All the originals, several published for general sale,
others privately printed, were in color. 3, 6, 7, 9, and 10 were hand
colored. To make an original card, choose the arrangement that seems
most desirable, and substitute elements having a personal appeal--other
salutations or quotations and appropriate decorative elements.]

[Illustration: PLATE 6

FOUR VARIED STYLES of design in holiday cards, for more advanced talent.
Note how each one is based on a foundation of good design. These cards
were all designed by those sending them out as personal greetings.]

[Illustration: PLATE 7

A PAGE of strong designs made by art school students. Notice how the
designs have been kept in simple broad masses and the lettering made
part of the design. The originals in color were even more unified.]

[Illustration: PLATE 8

A PAGE of Christmas Cards in which a semi-humorous element has been
incorporated. Cards like these often create a pleasant variation from
the more formal ones. These were designed by high school students.]

[Illustration: PLATE 9

STRONG, WELL MASSED DESIGNS like these are well adapted to work in cut
linoleum. If printed in a deep gray or brown and hand colored with light
washes of transparent color they make an unusually rich looking card.]

[Illustration: PLATE 10

CARDS using figures of the poster type. In these the accent has been
placed on the decorative design quality. If properly done, such a
problem gives the student fine training in spacing, balance and rhythm,
and results in a highly artistic card.]

[Illustration: PLATE 11

A SET of holiday motifs that will help in planning Christmas Gift Cards
or quotations. These are simple enough to be used by beginners.]

[Illustration: PLATE 12

A PAGE of useful holiday designs. These may be used as the basis of
original cards. Their wide range suggests a variation of techniques.
Simple line drawings, similar to that of Hallowe’en are best adapted to
hand coloring.]

[Illustration: PLATE 13

ANOTHER PAGE of good suggestions. The silhouette at the top suggests
possibilities in cut paper for the little folks. The use of cut out
motifs in colored paper is an easy way for the younger artists to make
their cards.]

[Illustration: PLATE 14

SUGGESTIONS for Washington’s Birthday. Silhouettes may be produced in
cut paper, stencil work, opaque colors or pen and ink. Both Washington’s
and Lincoln’s Birthday offer good opportunities for art projects.]

[Illustration: PLATE 15

A PAGE of interesting Valentine designs. The use of a light and dark
color against a medium toned paper is a sure way of obtaining quick and
effective results. Variations, without figures, can be made by the
younger artists.]

[Illustration: PLATE 16  A UNIQUE VALENTINE DESIGN. In this one an
individual message can be written and put in the little envelope.
Variations, such as a little dog holding a valentine-letter or a bird
with one in his bill might be worked out similar to this idea.]





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