By Author [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Title [ A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z |  Other Symbols ]
  By Language
all Classics books content using ISYS

Download this book: [ ASCII | HTML | PDF ]

Look for this book on Amazon

We have new books nearly every day.
If you would like a news letter once a week or once a month
fill out this form and we will give you a summary of the books for that week or month by email.

Title: An American Patrician, or The Story of Aaron Burr - Illustrated
Author: Lewis, Alfred Henry
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "An American Patrician, or The Story of Aaron Burr - Illustrated" ***


By Alfred Henry Lewis

Author of "When Men Grew Tall or The Story of Andrew Jackson"


D. Appleton And Company New York


[Illustration: 0010]

[Illustration: 0011]






THE Right Reverend Doctor Bellamy is a personage of churchly
consequence in Bethlehem. Indeed, the doctor is a personage of churchly
consequence throughout all Connecticut. For he took his theology from
that well-head of divinity and metaphysics, Jonathan Edwards himself,
and possesses an immense library of five hundred volumes, mostly on
religion. Also, he is the author of "True Religion Delineated";
which work shines out across the tumbling seas of New England
Congregationalism like a lighthouse on a difficult coast. Peculiarly is
it of guiding moment to storm-vexed student ones, who, wanting it,
might go crashing on controversial reefs, and so miss those pulpit
snug-harbors toward which the pious prows of their hopes are pointed.

The doctor has a round, florid face, which, with his well-fed stomach,
gives no hint of thin living. From the suave propriety of his cue to
the silver buckles on his shoes, his atmosphere is wholly clerical. Just
now, however, he wears a disturbed, fussy air, as though something has
rubbed wrong-wise the fur of his feelings. He shows this by the way in
which he trots up and down his study floor. Doubtless, some portion of
that fussiness is derived from the doctor's short fat legs; for none
save your long-legged folk may walk to and fro with dignity. Still, it
is clear there be reasons of disturbance which go deeper than mere short
fat legs, and set his spirits in a tumult.

The good doctor, as he trots up and down, is not alone. Madam Bellamy is
with him, chair drawn just out of reach of the June sunshine as it comes
streaming through the open lattice. In her plump hands she holds her
sewing; for she is strong in the New England virtue of industry, and
regards hand-idleness as a species of viciousness. While she stitches,
she bends appreciative ear to the whistle of a robin in an apple tree

"No, mother," observes the doctor, breaking in on the robin, "the lad
does himself no credit. He is careless, callous, rebellious, foppish,
and altogether of the flesh. I warrant you I shall take him in hand; it
is my duty.". "But no harshness, Joseph!"

"No, mother; as you say, I must not be harsh. None the less I shall be
firm. He must study; he is not to become a preacher by mere wishing."

Shod hoofs are heard on the graveled driveway; a voice is lifted:

"Walk Warlock up and down until he is cooled out. Then give him a rub,
and a mouthful of water."

Madam Bellamy steps to the window. The master of the voice is swinging
from the saddle, while the doctor's groom takes his horse--sweating from
a brisk gallop--by the bridle.

"Here he comes now," says Madam Bellamy, at the sound of a springy step
in the hall.

The youth, who so confidently enters the doctor's study, is in his
nineteenth year. His face is sensitive and fine, and its somewhat
overbred look is strengthened and restored by a high hawkish nose. The
dark hair is clubbed in an elegant cue. The skin, fair as a girl's,
gives to the black eyes a glitter beyond their due. These eyes are the
striking feature; for, while the eyes of a poet, they carry in their
inky depths a hard, ophidian sparkle both dangerous and fascinating--the
sort of eyes that warn a man and blind a woman.

The youth is but five feet six inches tall, with little hands and
feet, and ears ridiculously small. And yet, his light, slim form is so
accurately proportioned that, besides grace and a catlike quickness, it
hides in its molded muscles the strength of steel. Also, any impression
of insignificance is defeated by the wide brow and well-shaped head,
which, coupled with a steady self-confidence that envelops him like an
atmosphere, give the effect of power.

As he lounges languidly and pantherwise into the study, he bows to Madam
Bellamy and the good doctor.

"You had quite a canter, Aaron," remarks Madam Bellamy.

"I went half way to Litchfield," returns the youth, smiting his glossy
riding boot with the whip he carries. "For a moment I thought of seeing
my sister Sally; but it would have been too long a run for so warm a
day. As it is, poor Warlock looks as though he'd forded a river."

The youth throws himself carelessly into the doctor's easy-chair. That
divine clears his throat professionally. Foreseeing earnestness if not
severity in the discourse which is to follow, Madam Bellamy picks up her
needlework and retires.

When she is gone, the doctor establishes himself opposite the youth. His
manner is admonitory; which is not out of place, when one remembers that
the doctor is fifty-five and the youth but nineteen.

"You've been with me, Aaron, something like eight months."

The black eyes are fastened upon the doctor, and their ophidian glitter
makes the latter uneasy. For relief he rebegins his short-paced trot up
and down.

Renewed by action, and his confidence returning, the doctor commences
with vast gravity a kind of speech. His manner is unconsciously pompous;
for, as the village preacher, he is wont to have his wisdom accepted
without discount or dispute.

"You will believe me, Aaron," says the doctor, spacing off his words and
calling up his best pulpit voice--"you will believe me, when I tell
you that I am more than commonly concerned for your welfare. I was the
friend of your father, both when he held the pulpit in Newark, and later
when he was President of Princeton University. I studied my divinity
at the knee of your mother's father, the pious Jonathan Edwards. Need
I say, then, that when you came to me fresh from your own Princeton
graduation my heart was open to you? It seemed as though I were about to
pay an old debt. I would regive you those lessons which your grandfather
Edwards gave me. In addition, I would--so far as I might--take the place
of that father whom you lost so many years ago. That was my feeling.
Now, when you've been with me eight months, I tell you plainly that I'm
far from satisfied."

"In what, sir, have I disappointed?"

The voice is confidently careless, while the ophidian eyes keep up their
black glitter unabashed.

"Sir, you are passively rebellious, and refuse direction. I place
in your hands those best works of your mighty grandsire, namely, his
'Qualifications for Full Communion in the Visible Church' and 'The
Doctrine of Original Sin Defended,' and you cast them aside for the
'Letters of Lord Chesterfield' and the 'Comedies of Terence.' Bah! the
'Letters of Lord Chesterfield'! of which Dr. Johnson says, 'They teach
the morals of a harlot and the manners of a dancing master.'"

"And if so," drawls the youth, with icy impenitence, "is not that a
pretty good equipment for such a world as this?"

At the gross outrage of such a question, the doctor pauses in that
to-and-fro trot as though planet-struck.

"What!" he gasps.

"Doctor, I meant to tell you a month later what--since the ice is so
happily broken--I may as well say now. My dip into the teachings of my
reverend grandsire has taught me that I have no genius for divinity. To
be frank, I lack the pulpit heart. Every day augments my contempt for
that ministry to which you design me. The thought of drawing a salary
for being good, and agreeing to be moral for so much a year, disgusts

"And this from you--the son of a minister of the Gospel!" The doctor
holds up his hands in pudgy horror.

"Precisely so! In which connection it is well to recall that German
proverb: 'The preacher's son is ever the devil's grandson.'" The doctor
sits down and mops his fretted brow; the manner in which he waves his
lace handkerchief is like a publication of despair. He fixes his gaze on
the youth resignedly, as who should say, "Strike home, and spare not!"

This last tacit invitation the youth seems disposed to accept. It is
now his turn to walk the study floor. But he does it better than did the
fussy doctor, his every motion the climax of composed grace.

"Listen, my friend," says the youth.

For all the confident egotism of his manner, there is in it no smell of
conceit. He speaks of himself; but he does so as though discussing some
object outside of himself to which he is indifferent.

"Those eight months of which you complain have not been wasted. If I
have drawn no other lesson from my excellent grandsire's 'Doctrine of
Original Sin Defended,' it has taught me to exhaustively examine my
own breast. I discover that I have strong points as well as points of
weakness. I read Latin and Greek; and I talk French and German, besides
English, indifferently well. Also, I fence, shoot, box, ride, row, sail,
walk, run, wrestle and jump superbly. Beyond the merits chronicled I
have tried my courage, and find that I may trust it like Gibraltar.
These, you will note, are not the virtues of a clergyman, but of a
soldier. My weaknesses likewise turn me away from the pulpit.

"I have no hot sympathies; and, while not mean in the money sense,
holding such to be beneath a gentleman, I may say that my first concern
is not for others but for myself."

"It is as though I listened to Satan!" exclaims the dismayed doctor,
fidgeting with his ruffles.

"And if it were indeed Satan!" goes on the youth, with a gleam of
sarcasm, "I have heard you characterize that arch demon from your
pulpit, and even you, while making him malicious, never made him
mean. But to get on with this picture of myself, which I show you
as preliminary to laying bare a resolution. As I say, I have no
sympathies, no hopes which go beyond myself. I think on this world,
not the next; I believe only in the gospel according to Philip Dormer
Stanhope--that Lord Chesterfield, whom, with the help of Dr. Johnson,
you so much succeed in despising."

"To talk thus at nineteen!" whispers the doctor, his face ghastly.

"Nineteen, truly! But you must reflect that I have not had, since I may
remember, the care of either father or mother, which is an upbringing to
rapidly age one."

"Were you not carefully reared by your kind Uncle Timothy?" This

"Indeed, sir, I was, as you say, well reared in that dull town of
Elizabeth, which for goodness and dullness may compare with your
Bethlehem here. It was a rearing, too, from which--as I think my kind
Uncle Timothy has informed you--I fled."

"He did! He said you played truant twice, once running away to sea."

"It was no great voyage, then!" The imperturbable youth, hard of eye,
soft of voice, smiles cynically. "No, I was cabin boy two days, during
all of which the ship lay tied bow and stern to her New York wharf.
However, that is of no consequence as part of what we now consider."

"No!" interrupts the doctor miserably, "only so far as it displays the
young workings of your sinfully rebellious nature. As a child, too, you
mocked your elders, as you do now. Later, as a student, you were the
horror of Princeton."

"All that, sir, I confess; and yet I say that it is of the past. I hold
it time lost to think on aught save the present or the future."

"Think, then, on your soul's future!--your soul's eternal future!"

"I shall think on what lies this side of the grave. I shall devote my
faculties to this world; which, from what I have seen, is more than
likely to keep me handsomely engaged. The next world is a bridge, the
crossing of which I reserve until I come to it."

"Have you then no religious convictions? no fears?"

"I have said that I fear nothing, apprehend nothing. Timidity, of either
soul or body, was pleasantly absent at my birth. As for convictions,
I'd no more have one than I'd have the plague. What is a conviction
but something wherewith a man vexes himself and worries his neighbor.
Conclusions, yes, as many as you like; but, thank my native star! I am
incapable of a conviction."

The doctor's earlier horror is fast giving way to anger. He almost
sneers as he asks:

"But you pretend to honesty, I trust?"

"Why, sir," returns the youth, with an air which narrowly misses the
patronizing, and reminds one of nothing so much as polished brass--"why,
sir, honesty, like generosity or gratitude, is a gentlemanly trait, the
absence of which would be inexpressibly vulgar. Naturally, I'm honest;
but with the understanding that I have my honesty under control. It
shall never injure me, I tell you! When its plain effect will be to
strengthen an enemy or weaken myself, I shall prove no such fool as to
give way to it."

"While you talk, I think," breaks in the doctor; "and now I begin to see
the source of your pride and your satanism. It is your own riches that
tempt you! Your soul is to be undone because your body has four hundred
pounds a year."

"Not so fast, sir! I am glad I have four hundred pounds a year. It
relieves me of much that is gross. I turn my back on the Church,
however, only because I am unfitted for it, and accept the world simply
for that it fits me. I have given you the truth. As a minister of the
Gospel I should fail; as a man of the world I shall succeed. The pulpit
is beyond me as religion is beyond me; for I am not one who could allay
present pain by some imagined bliss to follow after death, or find joy
in stripping himself of a benefit to promote another."

"Now this is the very theology of Beelzebub for sure!" cries the
incensed doctor.

"It is anything you like, sir, so it be understood as a description of

"Marriage might save him!" muses the desperate doctor. "To love and be
loved by a beautiful woman might yet lead his heart to grace!"

The pale flicker of a smile comes about the lips of the black-eyed one.

"Love! beauty!" he begins. "Sir, while I might strive to possess myself
of both, I should no more love beauty in a woman than riches in a man. I
could love a woman only for her fineness of mind; wed no one who did not
meet me mentally and sentimentally half way. And since your Hypatia is
quite as rare as your Phoenix, I cannot think my nuptials near at hand."

"Well," observes the doctor, assuming politeness sudden and vast, "since
I understand you throw overboard the Church, may I know what other
avenue you will render honorable by walking therein?"

"You did not give me your attention, if you failed to note that what
elements of strength I've ascribed to myself all point to the camp.
So soon as there is a war, I shall turn soldier with my whole heart."

"You will wait some time, I fear!"

"Not so long as I could wish. There will be war between these colonies
and England before I reach my majority. It would be better were it
put off ten years; for now my youth will get between the heels of my
prospects to trip them up."

"Then, if there be war with England, you will go? I do not think such
bloody trouble will soon dawn; still--for a first time to-day--I
am pleased to hear you thus speak. It shows that at least you are a

"I lay no claim to the title. England oppresses us; and, since one only
oppresses what one hates, she hates us. And hate for hate I give her. I
shall go to war, because I am fitted to shine in war, and as a shortest,
surest step to fame and power--those solitary targets worthy the aim of

"Dross! dross!" retorts the scandalized doctor. "Fame! power! Dead sea
apples, which will turn to ashes on your lips! And yet, since that war
which is to be the ladder whereon you will go climbing into fame and
power is not here, what, pending its appearance, will you do?"

"Now there is a query which brings us to the close. Here is my answer
ready. I shall just ride over to Sally, and her husband, Tappan
Reeve, and take up Blackstone. If I may not serve the spirit and study
theology, I'll even serve the flesh and study law."

And so the hero of these memoirs rides over to Litchfield, to study
the law and wait for a war. The doctor and he separate in friendly
son-and-father fashion, while Madam Bellamy urges him to always call
her house his home. He is not so hard as he thinks, not so cynical as
he feels; still, his self-etched portrait possesses the broader lines
of truth. He is one whom men will follow, but not trust; admire, but
not love. There is enough of the unconscious serpent in him to rouse one
man's hate, while putting an edge on another's fear. Also, because--from
the fig-leaf day of Eve--the serpent attracts and fascinates a woman,
many tender ones will lose their hearts for him. They will dash
themselves and break themselves against him, like wild fowl against a
lighthouse in the night. Even as he rides out of Bethlehem that June
morning, bright young eyes peer at him from behind safe lattices, until
their brightness dies away in tears. As for him thus sighed over, his
lashes are dry enough. Bethlehem, and all who home therein, from the
doctor with Madam Bellamy, to her whose rose-red lips he kissed the
latest, are already of the unregarded past. He wears nothing but the
future on his agate slope of fancy; he is thinking only on himself and
his hunger to become a god of the popular--clothed with power, wreathed
of fame!

"Mother," exclaims the doctor, "the boy is lost! Ambitious as Lucifer,
he will fall like Lucifer!"


"I cannot harbor hope! As lucidly clear as glass, he was yet as hard as
glass. If I were to read his fortune, I should say that Aaron Burr will
soar as high to fall as low as any soul alive."


YOUNG Aaron establishes himself in Litchfield with his pretty sister
Sally, who, because he is brilliant and handsome, is proud of him. Also,
Tappan Reeve, her husband, takes to him in a slow, bookish way, and is
much held by his trenchant powers of mind.

Young Aaron assumes the law, and makes little flights into Bracton's
"Fleeta," and reads Hawkins and Hobart, delighting in them for their
limpid English. More seriously, yet more privately, he buries himself in
every volume of military lore upon which he may lay hands; for already
he feels that Bunker Hill is on its way, without knowing the name of it,
and would have himself prepared for its advent.

In leisure hours, young Aaron gives Litchfield society the glory of his
countenance. He flourishes as a village Roquelaure, with plumcolored
coats, embroidered waistcoats, silken hose, and satin smalls, sent up
from New York. Likewise, his ruffles are miracles, his neckcloths works
of starched and spotless art, while at his hip he wears a sword--hilt of
gilt, and sharkskin scabbard white as snow.

Now, because he is splendid, with a fortune of four hundred annual
pounds, and since no girl's heart may resist the mystery of those eyes,
the village belles come sighing against him in a melting phalanx
of loveliness. This is flattering; but young Aaron declines to be
impressed. Polished, courteous, in amiable possession of himself, he
furnishes the thought of a bright coldness, like sunshine on a field
of ice. Not that anyone is to blame. The difference between him and the
sighing ones, is a difference of shrines and altars. They sacrifice to
Venus; he worships Mars. While he has visions of battle, they dream of
wedding bells.

For one moment only arises some tender confusion. There is an Uncle
Thaddeus--a dotard ass far gone in years! Uncle Thaddeus undertakes,
behind young Aaron's back, to make him happy. The liberal Uncle Thaddeus
goes so blindly far as to explore the heart of a particular fair one,
who mayhap sighs more deeply than do the others. It grows embarrassing;
for, while the sighing one thus softly met accepts, when Uncle Thaddeus
flies to young Aaron with the dulcet news, that favored personage
transfixes him with so black a stare, wherefrom such baleful serpent
rage glares forth, that our dotard meddler is fear-frozen in the very
midst of his ingenuous assiduities. And thereupon the sighing one is
left to sigh uncomforted, while Uncle Thaddeus finds himself the scorn
of all good village opinion.

While young Aaron goes stepping up and down the Litchfield causeways,
as though strutting in Jermyn Street or Leicester Square; while thus he
plays the fine gentleman with ruffles and silks and shark-skin sword,
skimming now the law, now flattering the sighing belles, now devouring
the literature of war, he has ever his finger on the pulse, and his ear
to the heart of his throbbing times. It is he of Litchfield who hears
earliest of Lexington and Bunker Hill. In a moment he is all action. Off
come the fine feathers, and that shark-skin, gilt-hilt sword. Warlock is
saddled; pistols thrust into holsters. In roughest of costumes the
fop surrenders to the soldier. It takes but a day, and he is ready for
Cambridge and the American camp.

As he goes upon these doughty preparations, young Aaron finds himself
abetted by the pretty Sally, who proves as martial as himself. Her
husband, Tappan Reeve, easy, quiet, loving his unvexed life, from the
law book on his table to the pillow whereon he nightly sleeps, cannot
understand this headlong war hurry.

"You may lose your life!" cries Tappan Reeve.

"What then?" rejoins young Aaron. "Whether the day be far or near, that
life you speak of is already lost. I shall play this game. My life is my
stake; and I shall freely hazard it upon the chance of winning glory."

"And have you no fear?"

The timid Tappan's thoughts of death are ashen; he likes to live.

Young Aaron bends upon him his black gaze. "What I fear more than any
death," says he, "is stagnation--the currentless village life!"

Young Aaron, arriving at Cambridge, attaches himself to General Putnam.
The grizzled old wolf killer likes him, being of broadest tolerations,
and no analyst of the psychic.

There are seventeen thousand Americans scattered in a ragged fringe
about Boston, in which town the English, taught by Lexington and Bunker
Hill, are cautiously prone to lie close. Young Aaron makes the round of
the camps. He is amazed by the unrule and want of discipline. Besides,
he cannot understand the inaction, feeling that each new day should have
its Bunker Hill. That there is not enough powder among the Americans
to load and fire those seventeen thousand rifles twice, is a piece of
military information of which he lives ignorant, for the grave Virginian
in command confides it only to a merest few. Had young Aaron been aware
of this paucity of powder, those long days, idle, vacant of event, might
not have troubled him. The wearisome wonder of them at least would have
been made plain.

Young Aaron learns of an expedition against Quebec, to be led by Colonel
Benedict Arnold, and resolves to join it. That all may be by military
rule, he seeks General Washington to ask permission. He finds that
commander in talk with General Putnam; the old wolf killer does him the
favor of a presentation.

"From where do you come?" asks Washington, closely scanning young Aaron
whom he instantly dislikes.

"From Connecticut. I am a gentleman volunteer, attached to General
Putnam with the rank of captain."

Something of repulsion shows cloudily on the brow of Washington.
Obviously he is offended by this cool stripling, who clothes his
hairless boy's face with a confident maturity that has the effect of
impertinence. Also the phrase "gentleman volunteer," sticks in his
throat like a fish bone.

"Ah, a 'gentleman volunteer!'" he repeats in a tone of sarcasm scarcely
veiled. "I have now and then heard of such a trinket of war, albeit,
never to the trinket's advantage. Doubtless, sir, you have made the
rounds of our array!"

Young Aaron, from his beardless five feet six inches, looks up at the
tall Virginian, and cannot avoid envying him his door-wide shoulders
and that extra half foot of height. He perceives, too, with a resentful
glow, that he is being mocked. However, he controls himself to answer

"As you surmise, sir, I have made the rounds of your forces."

"And having made them"--this ironically--"I trust you found all to your

"As to that," remarks young Aaron, "while I did not look to find trained
soldiers, I think that a better discipline might be maintained."

"Indeed! I shall make a note of it. And yet I must express the hope
that, while you occupy a subordinate place, you will give way as little
as may be to your perilous trick of thinking, leaving it rather to our
experienced friend Putnam, here, he being trained in these matters."

The old wolf killer takes advantage of this reference to himself, to
help the interview into less trying channels.

"You were seeking me?" he says to the youthful critic of camps and

"I was seeking the commander in chief," returns young Aaron, again
facing Washington. "I came to ask permission to go with Colonel Arnold
against Quebec."

"Against Quebec?" repeats Washington. "Go, with all my heart!"

There is a cut concealed in that consent, to the biting smart of which
young Aaron is not insensible. However, he finds in the towering
manner of its delivery something which checks even his audacity. After
saluting, he withdraws without added word.

"General," observes Washington, when young Aaron has gone, "I fear I
cannot congratulate you on your new captain."

"If you knew him better, general," protests the good-hearted old wolf
killer, "you would like him better. He is a boy; but he has an old head
on his young shoulders."

[Illustration: 0043]

"The very thing I most fear," rejoins Washington. "A boy has no more
business with an old head than with old lungs or old legs. It is
unnatural, sir; and the unnatural is the wrong. I want only heads and
shoulders about me that were born the same day. For that reason, I am
glad your 'gentleman volunteer'"--this with a shade of irony--"goes to
Quebec with that turbulent Norwich apothecary, Arnold. The army will be
bettered just now by the absence of these lofty spirits. They disturb
more than they help. Besides, a tramp of sixty days through the Maine
woods will improve such Hotspurs vastly. There is nothing like a
six-hundred mile march through an unbroken wilderness, with a fight in
the snow at the far end of it, to take the edge off beardless arrogance
and young conceit."

What young Aaron carries away from that interview, as an impression
of the big commander in chief, crops out in converse with his former
college chum, young Ogden. The latter, like himself, is attached to the
military family of General Putnam.

"Ogden, we have begun wrong as soldiers--you and I!" says young Aaron.
"By flint and steel, man, we should have commenced like Washington, by
hoeing tobacco!"

"Now this is not right!" cries young Ogden, in reproof. "General
Washington is a soldier who has seen service."

"Why," retorts young Aaron, "I believe he was trounced with Braddock."
Then, warmly: "Ogden, the man is Failure walking about in blue and
buff and high boots! I read him like a page of print! He is slow, dull,
bovine, proud, and of no decision. He lacks initiative; and, while he
might defend, he is incapable of attacking. Worst of all he has the soul
of a planter--a plantation soul! A big movement like this, which brings
the thirteen colonies to the field, is beyond his grasp."

"Your great defect, Aaron," cries young Ogden, not without indignation,
"is that you regard your most careless judgment as final. Half the time,
too, your decision is the product of prejudice, not reason. General
Washington offends you--as, to be frank, he did me--by putting a lower
estimate on your powers than that at which you yourself are pleased
to hold them. I warrant now had he flattered you a bit, you would have
found in him a very Alexander."

"I should have found him what I tell you," retorts young Aaron stoutly,
"a glaring instance of misplaced mediocrity. He is even wanting in

"For my side, then, I found him dignified enough."

"Friend Ogden, you took dullness for dignity. Or I will change it; I'll
even consent that he is dignified. But only in the torpid, cud-chewing
fashion in which a bullock is dignified. Still, he does very well by me;
for he says I may go with Colonel Arnold. And so, Ogden, I've but
time for 'good-by!' and then off to make myself ready to accompany our
swashbuckler druggist against Quebec."


IT is September, brilliant and golden. Newburyport is brave with
warlike excitement. Drums roll, fifes shriek, armed men fill the single
village street. These latter are not seasoned troops, as one may see
by their careless array and the want of uniformity in their homespun,
homemade garbs. No two are armed alike, for each has brought his own
weapon. These are rifles--long, eight-square flintlocks. Also every
rifleman wears a powderhorn and bullet pouch of buckskin, while most of
them carry knives and hatchets in their rawhide belts.

As our rude soldiery stand at ease in the village street, cheering
crowds line the sidewalk. The shouts rise above the screaming fifes and
rumbling drums. The soldiers are the force which Colonel Arnold will
lead against Quebec. Young, athletic--to the last man they have been
drawn from the farms. Resenting discipline, untaught of drill, their
disorder has in it more of the mob than the military. However, their
eyes like their hopes are bright, and one may read in the healthy,
cheerful faces that each holds himself privily to be of the raw
materials from which generals are made.

Down in the harbor eleven smallish vessels ride at anchor. They are of
brigantine rig, each equal to transporting one hundred men. These will
carry Colonel Arnold and his eleven hundred militant young rustics to
the mouth of the Kennebec. In the waist of every vessel, packed one
inside the other as a housewife arranges teacups on her shelves, are
twenty bateaux. They are wide, shallow craft, blunt at bow and stern,
and will be used to convey the expedition up the Kennebec. Each is large
enough to hold five men, and so light that the five, at portages or
rapids, can shoulder it with the dunnage which belongs to them and carry
it across to the better water beyond.

The word of command runs along the unpolished ranks; the column begins
to move toward the water front, taking its step from the incessant drums
and fifes. Once at the water, the embarkation goes briskly forward. As
the troops march away, the crowds follow; for the day in Newburyport is
a gala occasion and partakes of the character of a celebration. No one
considers the possibility of defeat. Everywhere one finds optimism, as
though Quebec is already a captured city.

Now when the throngs have departed with the soldiery, the street shows
comparatively deserted. This brings to view the Eagle Inn, a hostelry of
the village. In the doorway of the Eagle a man and woman are standing.
The woman is dashingly handsome, with cheek full of color and a bold
eye. The man is about thirty-five in years. He swaggers with a forward,
bragging, gamecock air, which--the basis being a coarse, berserk
courage--is not altogether affectation. His features are vain, sensual,
turbulent; his expression shows him to be proud in a crude way, and is
noticeable because of an absence of any slightest glint of principle.
There is, too, an extravagance of gold braid on his coat, which goes
well with the superfluous feather in the three-cornered hat, and those
russet boots of stamped Spanish leather. These swashbuckley excesses
of costume bear out the vulgar promise of his face, and guarantee that
intimated lack of fineness.

The pair are Colonel Arnold and Madam

Arnold. She has come to see the last of her husband as he sails away.
While they stand in the door, the coach in which she will make the
homeward journey to Norwich pulls up in front of the Eagle.

As Colonel Arnold leads his wife to the coach, he is saying: "No; I
shall be aboard within the hour. After that we start at once. I want a
word with a certain Captain Burr before I embark. I've offended him, it
seems; for he is of your proud, high-stomached full-pursed aristocrats
who look for softer treatment than does a commoner clay. I've ordered
a bottle of wine. As we drink, I shall make shift to smooth down his
ruffled plumage."

"Captain Burr," repeats Madam Arnold, not without a sniff of scorn. "And
you are a colonel! How long is it since colonels have found it necessary
to truckle to captains, and, when they pout, placate them into good

"My dear madam," returns Colonel Arnold as he helps her into the clumsy
vehicle, "permit me to know my own affairs. I tell you this thin-skinned
boy is rich, and what is better was born with his hands open. He parts
with money like a royal prince. One has but to drop a hint, and presto!
his hand is in his purse. The gold I gave you I had from him."

As the coach with Madam Arnold drives away, young Aaron is observed
coming up from the water front. His costume, while as rough as that of
the soldiers, has a fit and a finish to it which accents the graceful
gentility of his manner beyond what satins and silks might do. Madam
Arnold's bold eyes cover him. He takes off his hat with a gravely
accurate flourish, whereat the bold eyes glance their pleasure at the
polite attention.

Coach gone, Colonel Arnold seizes young Aaron's arm, with a familiarity
which fails of its purpose by being overdone, and draws him into
the inn. He carries him to a room where a table is spread. The stout
landlady by way of topping out the feast is adding thereunto an apple
pie, moonlike as her face and its sister for size and roundness. This,
and the roast fowl which adorns the center, together with a bottle
of burgundy to keep all in countenance, invest the situation with an
atmosphere of hope.

"Be seated, Captain Burr," exclaims the hearty Colonel Arnold, as
the two draw up to the table. "A roast pullet, a pie, and a bottle of
burgundy, let me tell you, should make no mean beginning to what is like
to prove a hard campaign. I warrant you, sir, we see worse fare in
the pine wilderness of upper Maine. Let me help you to wine, sir," he
continues, after carving for himself and young Aaron. The latter, as
cold and imperturbable as when, in Dr. Bellamy's study, he shattered the
designs of that excellent preacher by preferring law to theology and war
to either, responds to this hospitable politeness with a bow. "Take your
glass, Captain Burr. I desire to drink down all irritations. Yes, sir,"
replacing the drained glass, "I may say, without lowering myself as
a gentleman in your esteem, that, in giving you the order to see the
troops aboard, I had no thought of affronting you."

"It was not your orders to which I objected; it was to your manner. If
I may say so, sir, it was a manner of intolerable arrogance, one which I
shall brook from no man."

"Tush, sir, tush! In war we must thicken our hides. We are not to be
sensitive. We should not look in the camps for the manners of a king's
court. What you mistook for arrogance was no more than just a tone of

Colonel Arnold's delivery of this is meant to be conciliating. Through
it, however, runs an exasperating vein of patronage, due, doubtless, to
his superior rank, and those extra fifteen years wherein he overlooks
young Aaron.

"Let us be plain, colonel," observes young Aaron, studying his wine
between eye and windowpane. "I hope for nothing better than concord
between us. Also, every order you give me I shall obey. None the less I
ask you to observe that I have no purpose of lowering my self-respect in
coming to this war. As your subordinate I shall take your commands; as a
gentleman, the equal of any, I must be treated as such."

Colonel Arnold's brow is red; but he fills his mouth with chicken which
he drenches down with wine, and so restrains every fretful expression.
After a moment filled of wine and chicken, he observes carelessly:

"Say no more! Say no more, Captain Burr! We understand one another!"

"There is no more to say," returns young Aaron steadily. "And I beg you
to remember that the subject is one which you, yourself, proposed. I am
through when I state that, while I object to no man's vanity, no man's
arrogance, I shall never permit him to transact them at the expense of
my self-respect."

Colonel Arnold turns the talk to what, in a wilderness as well as a
fighting way, lies ahead. They linger over pullet and burgundy for the
better part of an hour, and get on as well as should gentlemen who
have no mighty mutual liking. As they prepare to go aboard, the stout
landlady meets them in the hall. Her modest' charges are to be met with
a handful of shillings. Colonel Arnold rummages his pockets, wearing the
while a baffled angry air; then he falls to cursing in a spirit truly

"May the black fiend seize me!" says he, "if my purse has not gone
aboard with my baggage!"

Young Aaron pays the score with an indifference which does not betray
a conviction that the pocket-rummaging is a pretence, and the native
money-meanness of his coarse-faced colonel designed such finale from the
first. Score settled, they repair to the water front. As the two depart,
the stout landlady of the Eagle follows the retreating Colonel Arnold
with shocked, insulted glance. She is a religious woman, and those
curses have moved her soul.

"Blaspheming upstart!" she mutters. "And the airs he takes on! As though
folk have forgotten that within the year he stood behind his Norwich
counter selling pills and plasters!"

The eleven little ships voyage to the mouth of the Kennebec without
event. The bateaux are launched, and the eleven hundred highhearted
youngsters proceed to pole and paddle their way up the river. Where the
currents are overswift they tow with lines from the banks. Finally they
abandon the Kennebec, and shoulder the bateaux for a scrambling tramp
across the pine-sown watershed. It takes days, but in the end they find
themselves again afloat on the Dead River. This stream leads them to
the St. Lawrence. It is the march of the century! These buoyant young
rustics through the untraced wilderness have come six hundred miles in
fifty days.

Woodmen born and bred, this long push through the forests is no
surprising feat to these who perform it. They scarcely discuss the
matter as they crouch about their camp fires. The big topic among
them is their hatred of Colonel Arnold. From that September day in
Newbury-port his tyranny has been in hourly expression. Also, it seems
to grow with time. He hectors, raves, vituperates, until there isn't
a trigger finger in the command which does not itch to shoot him down.
Disdaining to aid the march by carrying so much as a pound's weight--as
being work beneath his exalted rank--this Caesar of the apothecaries
must needs have his special cooking kit along. Also his tent must be
pitched with the coming down of every night. Men hungry and unsheltered
all around him, he sees no reason why he should not sleep warmly soft,
and breakfast and dine and sup like a wilderness Lucullus. Thereat the
farmer youth grumble, and console themselves with slighting remarks and
looks of contumely.

To these remarks and looks, Colonel Arnold is driven to deafen his
ears and offer his back. It would be inconvenient to hear and see these
things; since, for all his bullying attitude, he dare not crowd his
followers too far. Their unbroken mouths are but new to the military
bit; a too cruel pressure on the bridle reins might mean the unhorsing
of our vanity-eaten apothecary. As it is, by twos and tens and twenties,
the command dwindles away. Every roll call discloses fresh desertions.
Wroth with their commander, resolved against the mean tyranny of his
rule, when the party reaches the St. Lawrence, half have gone to a
right-about and are on their way home. The feather-headed Colonel Arnold
finds himself with a muster of five hundred and fifty where he should
have had eleven hundred. And the five hundred and fifty with him are on
the darkling edge of revolt.

"Think on such cur hearts!" cries Colonel Arnold, as he speaks with
young Aaron of those desertions which have cut his force in two. "Half
have already turned tail, and the other half are of a coward mind to
follow their mongrel example. I would sooner command a brigade of dogs!"

"Believe me," observes young Aaron, icily acquiescent, "I shall not
contradict your peculiar fitness for the command you describe."

Being thus happily delivered, young Aaron goes round on his
imperturbable heel and strolls away, leaving the angry Colonel Arnold
glaring with rage-congested eye.

"Insolent puppy!" the latter grits between his teeth.

He is heedful, however, to avoid the epithet in the presence of young
Aaron; for, in spite of that rude courage which, when all is said,
lies at the root of his nature, the ex-apothecary dreads the "gentleman
volunteer," with his black ophidian glance--so balanced, so hard, so
vacant of fear!

It is toward the last of November; the valley of the St. Lawrence seems
the home of snow. Colonel Arnold grows afraid of the temper of his
people. As they push slowly through the drifts, their angry wrath
against the Caligula who leads them is only too thinly veiled. At
this, the insolent oppressions of our ex-apothecary cease; he seeks to
conciliate, but the time is overlate.

Colonel Arnold goes into camp, and considers the situation. Even if his
followers do not wheel suddenly southward for home, he fears that on
some final battle day they will refuse to fight at his command.
With despair gnawing at his heart, he decides to get word to General
Montgomery, who has conquered and is holding Montreal. The giant
Irishman is the idol of the army. Once he appears, the grumblings and
mutinous murmurings will abate. The rebellious ones will go wherever he
points, fight like lions at his merest word.

True, the coming of Montgomery will mean his own loss of command, and
that is a bitter pill. Still, since he may do no better, he resolves
to gulp it. Thus resolving, he calls young Aaron into conference. The
uneasy tyrant hates young Aaron--hates him for the gold he has borrowed
from him, hates him for his scarcely concealed contempt of himself. None
the less he calls him into council. It is wisdom not friendship his case
requires, and he early learned to value the long head of our "gentleman

"It is this," explains Colonel Arnold, desperately. "We have not
the force demanded for the capture of Quebec. We must get word to
Montgomery. He is one hundred and twenty miles away in Montreal.
The puzzle is to find some one, whom we can trust among these
French-speaking native Canadians, who will carry my message."

Young Aaron knots his brows. Colonel Arnold watches him anxiously, for
he is at the end of his resources. Finally young Aaron consults his

"It is now ten o'clock," he says. "Nothing can be done to-night. And
yet I think I know the man for your occasion. By daybreak I'll have him
before you."


THERE are many deserted log huts along the St. Lawrence. Colonel Arnold
has taken up his quarters in one of these. It is eight o'clock of the
morning following the talk with young Aaron when the sentinel at the
door reports that a priest is asking admission.

"What have I to do with priests!" demands Colonel Arnold. "However,
bring him in! He must give good reasons for disturbing me, or his black
coat will do him little good."

The priest is clothed from head to heel in the black frock of his order.
The frock is caught in about the waist with a heavy cord. Down the front
depend a crucifix and beads. The frock is thickly lined with fur; the
peaked hood, also fur-lined, is drawn forward over the priest's face. In
figure he is short and slight. As he peers out from his hood at Colonel
Arnold, his black eyes give that commander a start of uncertainty.

"I suppose you speak no French?" says the priest.

His accent is wretched. Colonel Arnold might be justified in retorting
that his visitor speaks no English. He restricts himself, however, to an
admission that, as the priest surmises, he has no French, and follows it
with a bluff demand that the latter make plain his errand.

"Why, sir," returns the priest, glancing about as though in quest of
some one, "I expected to find Captain Burr here. He tells me you wish to
send a message to Montreal."

Colonel Arnold is alert in a moment; his manner undergoes a change from
harsh to suave.

"Ah!" he cries amiably; "you are the man." Then, to the sentinel at the
door: "Send word, sir, to Captain Burr, and ask him to come at once to
my quarters."

While waiting the coming of young Aaron, Colonel Arnold enters into
conversation with his clerkly visitor. The priest explains that he hates
the English, as do all Canadians of French stock. He is only too willing
to do Colonel Arnold any service that shall tell against them. Also, he
adds, in response to a query, that he can make his way to Montreal in
ten days.

"There are farmer and fisher people all along the St. Lawrence," says
he. "They are French, and good sons of mother church. I am sure they
will give me food and shelter."

The sentinel comes lumbering in, and reports that young Aaron is not to
be found.

"That is sheer nonsense, sir!" fumes Colonel Arnold. "Why should he not
be found? He is somewhere about camp. Fetch him instantly!"

When the sentinel again departs, the priest frees his face of the
obscuring hood.

"Your sentinel is right," he says. "Captain Burr is not at his

Colonel Arnold stares in amazement; the priest is none other than our
"gentleman volunteer." Perceiving Colonel Arnold gazing in curious
wonder at his clerkly frock, young Aaron explains.

"I got it five days back, at that monastery we passed. You recall how I
dined there with the Brothers. I thought then that just such a peaceful
coat as this might find a use."

"Marvelous!" exclaims Colonel Arnold. "And you speak French, too?"

"French and Latin. I have, you see, the verbal as well as outward
furnishings of a priest of these parts."

"And you think you can reach Montgomery? I have to warn you, sir, that
the work will be extremely delicate and the danger great."

"I shall be equal to the work. As for the peril, if I feared it I should
not be here."

It is arranged; and young Aaron explains that he is prepared, indeed,
prefers, to start at once. Moreover, he counsels secrecy.

"You have an Indian guide or two, about you," says he, "whom I do not
trust. If my errand were known, one of them might cut me off and sell my
scalp to the English."

When Colonel Arnold is left alone, he gives himself up to a
consideration of the chances of his message going safely to Montreal. He
sits long, with puckered lips and brooding eye.

"In any event," he murmurs, "I cannot fail to be the better off. If he
reach Montgomery, that is what I want. On the other hand, should he fall
a prey to the English I shall think it a settlement of what debts I owe
him. Yes; the latter event would mean three hundred pounds to me. Either
way I am rid of one whose cool superiorities begin to smart. Himself a
gentleman, he seems never to forget that I am an apothecary."

Young Aaron is twenty miles nearer Montreal when the early winter sun
goes down. For ten days he plods onward, now and again lying by to avoid
a roving party of English. As he foretold, every cabin is open to the
"young priest." He but explains that he has cause to fear the redcoats,
and with that those French Canadians, whom he meets with, keep nightly
watch, while couching him warmest and softest, and feeding him on the
best. At last he reaches General Montgomery, and tells of Colonel Arnold
below Quebec.

General Montgomery, a giant in stature, has none of that sluggishness
so common with folk of size. In twenty-four hours after receiving young
Aaron's word, he is off to make a junction with Colonel Arnold. He takes
with him three hundred followers, all that may be spared from Montreal,
and asks young Aaron to serve on his personal staff.

[Illustration: 0067]

They find Colonel Arnold, with his five hundred and fifty, camped under
the very heights of Quebec. The garrison, while quite as strong as is
his force, have not once molested him. They leave his undoing to the
cold and snow, and that starvation which is making gaunt the faces and
shortening the belts of his men.

General Montgomery upon his arrival takes command. Colonel Arnold,
while foreseeing this--since even his vanity does not conceive of a
war condition so upside down that a colonel gives orders to a
general--cannot avoid a fit of the sulks. He is the more inclined to be
moody, because the coming of the big Irishman has visibly brightened his
people, who for months have been scowls and clouds to him. Now the face
of affairs is changed; the mutinous ones have nothing save cheers for
the big general whenever he appears.

General Montgomery calls a conference, and Colonel Arnold comes with all
his officers. At the request of young Aaron, the big general retains
him by his side. This does not please the ex-apothecary, it hurts his
self-love that the "gentleman volunteer" is so obviously pleased to be
free of his company. At the conference, General Montgomery advises all
to hold themselves in readiness for an assault upon the English walls.

"I cannot tell the night," he observes; "I only say that we shall
attack during the first snowstorm that occurs. It may come in an hour,
wherefore be ready!"

The storm which is to mask the movements of General Montgomery does not
keep folk waiting. There soon falls a midnight which is nothing save
a blinding whirling sheet of snow. Thereupon the word goes through the

The assault is to be made in two columns, General Montgomery leading
one, Colonel Arnold the other. Young Aaron will be by the elbow of the
big Irishman. By way of aiding, a feigned attack is ordered for a far
corner of the English works.

As the soldiers fall into their ranks, the storm fairly swallows them
up. It would seem as though none might live in such a tempest--white,
ferociously cold, Arctic in its fury! It is desperate weather! the
more desperate when faced by ones whose courage has been diminished
by privation. But the strong heart of General Montgomery listens to no
doubts. He will lead out his eight hundred and fifty against an equal
force that have been sleeping warm and eating full, while his own were
freezing and starving. Also, those warm, full-fed ones are behind stone
walls, which the lean, frozen ones must scale and capture.

"I shall give you ten minutes' start," observes General Montgomery to
Colonel Arnold. "You have farther to go than we to gain your position. I
shall wait ten minutes; then I shall press forward."

Colonel Arnold moves off with his column through the driving storm. When
those ten minutes of grace have elapsed, General Montgomery gives his
men the word to advance.

They urge their difficult way up a ravine, snow belt-deep. There is an
outer work of blockhouse sort at the head of the defile. It is of solid
mason work, two stories, crenelled above for muskets, pierced below for
two twelve-pounders. This must be reduced before the main assault can

As General Montgomery, with young Aaron on the right, the column in
broken disorder at his heels, nears the blockhouse, a dog, more wakeful
than the English, is heard to bark. That bark turns out the redcoat
garrison as though a trumpet called.

"Forward!" cries General Montgomery.

The men respond; they rush bravely on. The blockhouse, dully looming
through the storm, is no more than forty yards away.

Suddenly a red tongue of flame licks out into the snow swirl, to be
followed by the roar of one of the twelve-pounders. In quick response
comes the roar of its sister gun, while, from the loopholes above, the
muskets crackle and splutter.

It is blind cannonading; but it does its work as though the best
artillerist is training the guns at brightest noonday. The head of the
assaulting column is met flush in the face with a sleet of grapeshot.

General Montgomery staggers; and then, without a word, falls forward on
his face in the snow. Young Aaron stoops to raise him to his feet. It is
of no avail; the big Irishman is dead.

The bursting roar of the twelve-pounders is heard again. As if to keep
their general company, a dozen more give up their lives.

"Montgomery is slain!"

The word zigzags along the ragged column.

It is a daunting word! The men begin to give way.

Young Aaron rushes into their midst, and seeks to rally them. He might
as well attempt to stay the whirling snow in its dance! The men will
follow none save General Montgomery; and he is dead.

Slowly they fall backward along the ravine up which they climbed. Again
the two twelve-pounders roar, and a raking hail of grape sings through
the shaking ranks. More men are struck down! That backward movement
becomes a rout.

Young Aaron loses the icy self-control which is his distinguishing
trait. He buries the retreating ones beneath an avalanche of curses,
drowns them with a cataract of scorn.

"What!" he cries. "Will you leave your general's body in their hands?"

He might have spared himself the shouting effort. Already he is alone
with the dead.

"It is better company than that of cowards!" is his bitter cry, as he
bends above the stark form of his chief.

The English are pouring from the blockhouse. Still young Aaron will not
leave the dead Montgomery behind. Now are the steel-like powers of his
slight frame manifest. With one effort, he swings the giant body to
his shoulder, and plunges off down the defile, the eager blood-hungry
redcoats not a dozen rods behind.


THE gray morning finds the routed ones in their old camp by the St.
Lawrence. Colonel Arnold's assault has also failed. The ex-apothecary
received a slight wound, and is vastly proud. It is his left arm that
was hurt, and of it he makes a mighty parade, slinging it in a rich
crimson sash.

Colonel Arnold, now in command, does not attempt another assault, but
contents himself with maneuvering his slender forces on the plain in
tantalizing view of the redcoat foe. He sends a flag of truce to the
foot of the walls, with a sprightly challenge to their defenders,
inviting them to come out and fight. The Quebec commander, being a
soldier and no mad knight errant, refuses to be thus romantic. The
winter is deepening; he will leave the vaporing Colonel Arnold to fight
a battle with the thermometer. Also, General Burgoyne, at the head of an
army, is pointed that way.

His maneuverings ignored, his challenge declined, Colonel Arnold puts
in an entire night framing a demand for the instant surrender of Quebec.
This he is at pains to couch in terms of insult, peppering it from top
to bottom with biting taunts. He closes with a threat that, should the
English commander fail to lower his flag, he will conquer the city at
the point of the sword, and put the garrison to disgraceful death by
gibbet and halter. When he has completed this precious manifesto, he
seeks out young Aaron, and commands him to carry it in person to the
city's gates. As Colonel Arnold tenders the letter, young Aaron puts his
hands behind him.

"Before I take it, sir," says he, "I should like to hear it read."

Young Aaron's contempt for the ex-apothecary has found increase with
every day since the death of Montgomery. Those braggadocio maneuverings,
the foolish challenge to come out and fight, have filled him with
disgust. They shock by stress of their innate cheap vulgarity. He is of
no mind to lend himself to any kindred buffoonery.

"Do you refuse my orders, sirrah?" cries Colonel Arnold, falling into a
dramatic fume.

"I refuse nothing! I say that I shall carry no letter until I know its
contents. I warn you, sir, I am not to be 'ordered,' as you call it,
into a false position by any man alive."

Young Aaron's face is getting white; there is a dangerous sparkle in
the black ophidian eyes. Colonel Arnold reads these symptoms, and draws
back. Still, he maintains a ruffling front.

"Sir!" says he haughtily; "you should think on your subordinate rank,
and on your youth, before you pretend to overlook my conduct."

"My subordinate rank shall not detract from my quality as a gentleman.
As for my youth, I shall prove old enough, I trust, to make safe my
honor. I say again, I'll not touch your letter till I hear it read."

"Remember, sir, to whom you speak!"

"I shall remember what I mentioned at the Eagle Inn; I shall remember my

Colonel Arnold fixes young Aaron with a superior stare. If it be meant
for his confusion, it meets failure beyond hope. The black eyes stare
back with so much of iron menace in them, as to disconcert the personage
of former drugs.

He feels them play upon him like two black rapier points. His assurance
breaks down; his lofty determination oozes away. With gaze seeking the
floor, his ruddy, wine-marked countenance flushes doubly red.

"Since you make such a swelter of the business," he grumbles, "I, for my
own sake, shall now ask you to read it. I would have you know, sir,
that I understand the requirements as well as the proprieties of my

Colonel Arnold tears open the letter with a flourish, and gives it to
young Aaron. The latter reads it; and then, with no attempt to palliate
the insult, throws it on the floor.

"Sir," cries Colonel Arnold, exploding into a sudden blaze of wrath, "I
was told in Cambridge, what my officers have often told me since, that
you are a bumptious young fool! Many times have I been told it, sir;
and, until now, I did you the honor to disbelieve it." Young Aaron is
cold and sneering. "Sir," he retorts, "see how much more credulous I
am than are you. I was told but once that you are a bragging, empty
vulgarian, and I instantly believed it."

The pair stand opposite one another, glances crossing like sword blades,
the insulted letter on the floor between. It is Colonel Arnold who again
gives ground. Snapping his fingers, as though breaking off an incident
beneath his exalted notice, he goes about on his heel.

"Ah!" says young Aaron; "now that I see your back, sir, I shall take my

The winter days, heavy and leaden and chill, go by. Colonel Arnold
continues those maneuverings and challengings, those struttings and
vaporings. At last even his coxcomb vanity grows weary, and he thinks
on Montreal. One morning, with all his followers, he marches off to
that city, still held by the garrison that Montgomery left behind.
Established in Montreal he comports himself as becomes a conqueror,
expanding into pomp and license, living on the fat, drinking of the
strong. And day by day Burgoyne is drawing nearer.

Broad spring descends; a green mist is visible in the winter-stripped
trees. The rumors of Burgoyne's approach increase and prove disquieting.
Colonel Arnold leads his people out of Montreal, and plunges southward
into the wilderness. He pitches camp on the river Sorel.

Since the incident of the letter, young Aaron has held no traffic,
polite or otherwise, with Colonel Arnold. The "gentleman volunteer" sees
lonesome days; for he has made no friends about the camp. The men admire
him, but offer him no place in their hearts. A boy in years, with a
beardless girl's face, he gives himself the airs of gravest manhood. His
atmosphere, while it does not repel, is not inviting. Men hold aloof,
as though separated from him by a gulf. He tells no stories, cracks no
jests. His manner is one of careless nonchalance. In truth, he is so
much engaged in upholding his young dignity as to leave him no time
to be popular. His bringing off the dead Montgomery, under fire of the
English, has been told and retold in every corner of the camp. This
gains him credit for a heart of fire, and a fortitude without a flaw. On
the march, too, he faces every hardship, shirks no work, but meets and
does his duty equal with the best. And yet there is that cool reserve,
which denies the thought of comradeship and holds friendly folk at bay.
With them, yet not of them, the men about him cannot solve the conundrum
of his nature; and so they leave him to himself. They value him, they
respect him, they hold his courage above proof; there it ends.

Young Aaron, aware of his lonely position, does nothing to change it.
He is conceitedly pleased with things as they are. It is the old head on
the young shoulders that thus gets in his way; Washington was right in
his philosophy. Young Aaron, however, is as content with that head,
as in those old Bethlehem days, when he patronized Dr. Bellamy, and
declared for the gospel according to Lord Chesterfield.

None the less young Aaron is not wholly satisfied. As he idles about the
camp by the Sorel, he feels that any present chance of conquering the
fame and power he came seeking in this war is closed against him.

"Plainly," counsels the old head on the young shoulders, "it is time to
bring about a change."

Colonel Arnold is smitten of surprise one afternoon, when young Aaron
walks into his tent. He does his best to hide that surprise, as an
emotion at war with his high military station. Young Aaron, ever equal
to a rigid etiquette, salutes profoundly.

"Colonel Arnold," says he, "I am here to return into your hands that
rank of captain, which I hold only by courtesy. Also, I desire to tell
you that I leave for Albany at once."


"My canoe is waiting, sir. I start immediately."

"I forbid your going, sir!"

Colonel Arnold has recovered his breath, and makes this proclamation
grandly. Privately, he is a-quake; for he does not know what stories
young Aaron might tell in the south.

"Sir," he repeats, "I forbid your departure! You must not go!"

"Must not?"

As though answering his own query, young Aaron leaves Colonel Arnold
without further remark, and walks down to the river, where a canoe
is waiting. The latter cranky contrivance is manned by a quartette of
Canadians, who sit, paddle in fist, ready for the word to start.

[Illustration: 0081]

At this decisive action, Colonel Arnold is roused. He springs to his
feet and follows to the waiting canoe. Young Aaron has just taken his

"Captain Burr," cries Colonel Arnold, "what does this mean? You heard my
orders, sir! You must not go!"

Young Aaron is ashore like a flash. "Colonel Arnold," says he, "it
is quite possible that you have force enough at hand to detain me. Be
warned, however, that the exercise of such force will have a sequel
serious to yourself."

"Oh, as to that," responds Colonel Arnold sullenly, "I shall not attempt
to detain you. I simply leave you to the responsibility of departing in
the teeth of my orders, sir."

In a moment young Aaron is back in the canoe; the four paddles churn
the water into baby whirlpools, and the slight craft glides out upon the
bosom of the Sorel.

Young Aaron encounters a party of Indians, and conquers their friendship
with diplomatic rum. He reaches Albany, and tastes the delights of fame;
for the story of Quebec has preceded him, and he finds himself a hero.
Thereupon, while outwardly unmoved, he swells in the proud but secret
recesses of his heart.

In New York he meets his college friend Ogden, who tells him that he has
sold Warlock and spent the proceeds. Likewise, Colonel Troup explains
how he received a thousand pounds for him from his estate, but was moved
to borrow the half of it, having a call for such sum. Colonel Troup
gives five hundred pounds to young Aaron, who receives it carelessly,
the while assuring his debtor, as well as young Ogden, who spent the
price of Warlock, that they are cheerfully welcome to his gold. At
that, both young Ogden and Colonel Troup pluck up a generous spirit, and
borrow each another fifty pounds; which sums our "gentleman volunteer"
puts into their impoverished fingers, as readily as though pounds
mean groats and farthings. For he holds that to be niggard of money is
impossible to a soldier and a gentleman. Did not the knight-errant of
old romaunts go chucking gold-lined purses right and left, into every
empty outstretched hand? And shall not young Aaron be the modern
knight-errant if he chooses? These are the questions which he puts to
himself, as he ministers to the famished finances of his friends.

General Washington learns of the incident of the dead Montgomery. Having
a conscience, he is distressed by the thought that he may have been
harshly unjust, one Cambridge day, to our "gentleman volunteer." The
conscience-smitten general has headquarters in New York, and now, when
young Aaron arrives, strives to make amends. He invites that youthful
campaigner to a place upon his personal staff, with the rank of major.
Young Aaron accepts, and becomes part of Washington's military family.
The general is living at Richmond Hill, a mansion which in after years
young Aaron will buy and make his residence.

For six weeks young Aaron is with Washington. Sometimes he rides out
with him; sometimes he writes reports and orders at his dictation;
always he dislikes him. He finds nothing in the Virginian to invoke his
confidence or compel his esteem. In the finale he detests him.

This latter mind condition is vastly built up by the lack of notice
he receives from the ever-taciturn, often-abstracted, overworried
Washington. The big general will sit for hours, with brows of thought
and pondering eye, as heedless of young Aaron--albeit in the same room
with him--as though our sucking Marlborough owns no existence. This
irritates the latter's pride; for he has military views which he longs
to unfold, but cannot because of the grim wordlessness of his chief. He
resolves to break the ice.

Washington is sitting lost in thought. "Sir," exclaims young Aaron,
boldly rushing in upon the general's meditations, "the English grow
stronger. Every day their fleet is augmented by new ships, bringing
fresh troops. Eventually they will land and drive us from the city. When
that time comes, it will be my advice to burn New York to the ground,
and leave them naught save the charred ruins."

Washington pays no attention; it is as though a starling spoke.
Presently he mounts his horse, and soberly rides off to an inspection of
troops. Young Aaron is mightily mortified, and, by way of reestablishing
his dignity on the pedestal from which it has been thrust, neglects a
line of clerical work that should claim his attention. Washington upon
his return discovers this, and having a temper like gunpowder flashes
into a rage.

"What does this mean, sir?" he demands, angry to the eyes.

"Why, sir," responds young Aaron coolly, "I should think it might mean
that I brought a sword not a pen to this war."

"You are insolent, sir!"

"As you please, sir. But since you say it, I must ask to be relieved
from further duty on your staff."

The big general stalks from the room. The next day he transfers young
Aaron to the staff of Putnam.

"I'm sorry he offended you, general," says the old wolf killer. "For
myself, I'm bound to say that I think well of the boy."

"There is a word," returns Washington, "as to the meaning of which,
until I met him, I was ignorant; that is the word 'prig.' It is strange,
too; for he is as brave as Cæsar. I have it on the words of twenty. Yes,
general, your 'gentleman-volunteer' is altogether a strangeling; for he
is one of those anomalies, a courageous prig."


ON that day when the farmers of Concord turn their rifles upon King
George, there dwells in Elizabeth a certain English Major Moncrieffe.
With him is his daughter, just ceasing to be a girl and beginning to
be a woman. Peggy Moncrieffe is a beauty, and, to tell a whole truth,
confident thereof to the verge of brazen. When her father is ordered
to his regiment he leaves her behind. The war to him is no more than a
riot; he looks to be back in Elizabeth before the month expires.

The optimistic Major Moncrieffe is wrong. That riot, which is not a riot
but a revolution, spreads and spreads like fire among dry grass. At last
a hostile line divides him from his daughter Peggy. This is serious;
for, aside from forbidding any word between them, it prevents him
sending what money she requires for her care. In her distress she writes
General Putnam, her father's comrade in the last war with the French.
The old wolf killer invites the desolate Peggy to make one of his
own household. When young Aaron leaves the staff of Washington, Peggy
Moncrieffe is with the Putnams, whose house stands at the corner of
Broadway and the Battery.

The family of the old wolf killer is made up of Madam Putnam and two
daughters. Peggy Moncrieffe is received as a third daughter by the
kindly Madam Putnam. Also, like a third daughter, she is set to the
spinning wheel; for, while the old wolf killer fights the English, Madam
Putnam and her daughters work early and late, with spinning wheel and
loom, clothmaking for the continental troops. Peggy Moncrieffe offers
no demur; but goes at the spinning and weaving as though she is as much
puritan and patriot as are those about her. She is busy at the spinning
when young Aaron is presented. And in that presentation lurks a peril;
for she is eighteen and he is twenty.

Young Aaron, selfish, gallant, pleased with a pretty face as with a
poem, becomes flatteringly attentive to pretty Peggy Moncrieffe. She,
for her side, turns restless when he leaves her, to glow like the sun
when he returns. She forgets the spinning wheel for his conversation.
The two walk under the trees in the Battery, or, from the quiet steps of
St. Paul's, watch the evening sun go down beyond the Jersey hills.

Madam Putnam is prudent, and does not like these symptoms. She issues
a whispered mandate to the old wolf killer, with whom her word is law.
Thereupon he sends the pretty Peggy to safer quarters near Kingsbridge.

That is to say, the Kingsbridge refuge, to which pretty Peggy
reluctantly retires, is safe until she arrives. It presently becomes
a theater of danger, since young Aaron is not a day in discovering a
complete military reason for visiting it. The old wolf killer is not
like Washington; there are no foolish orders or tedious dispatches for
his aide to write. This gives leisure to young Aaron, which he improves
in daily gallops to Kingsbridge. It is to be feared that he and pretty
Peggy Moncrieffe find walks as shady, and prospects as pleasant, and
moments as sweet, as when they had the Battery for a promenade and took
in the Jersey hills from the twilight steps of St. Paul's. Also, the
pretty Peggy no longer pleads to join her father; albeit that parent has
just been sent with his regiment to Staten Island, not an hour's sail

This contentment of the pretty Peggy with things as they are, re-alarms
the prudence of Madam Putnam, who regards it as a sign most sinister.
Having a genius to be military, quite equal to that of her old
wolf-killing husband, she attacks this dangerously tender situation in
flank. She gives her commands to the old wolf killer, and at once he
blindly obeys. He dispatches young Aaron on a mission to Long Island.
The latter is to look up positions of defense, so as to be prepared for
the English, should they carry their arms in that direction.

In two days young Aaron returns, and makes an exhaustive report; whereat
the old wolf killer breaks into words of praise. This duty discharged,
young Aaron is into the saddle and off, clatteringly, for Kingsbridge.
The old wolf killer sees him depart and says nothing, while a cunning
twinkle dances in the old gray eye. Then the twinkle subsides, and is
succeeded by a self-reproachful doubt.

"He might have married her," he observes tentatively to Madam Putnam.

"Never!" returns that clear matron. "Your young Major Burr is too coolly
the selfish calculating egotist. He would win her and wear her as he
might some bauble ornament, and cast her aside when the glitter was
gone. As for marrying her, he'd as soon think of marrying the rings on
his fingers, or the buckles on his shoes."

Young Aaron comes clattering back from Kingsbridge. His black eyes
sparkle wickedly; his face, usually so imperturbable, is the seat of an
obvious anger. Moreover, he seems chokingly full of a question, which
even his ingenious self-confidence is at a loss how to ask. He gets the
old wolf killer alone.

"Miss Moncrieffe!" he breaks forth. Then he proceeds blunderingly: "I
had occasion to go to Kingsbridge, and was surprised to find her gone."
The last concludes with a rising inflection.

"Why, yes!" retorts the old wolf killer, summoning the innocence of a
sheep. "I forgot to tell you that, seeing an opportunity, I yesterday
sent little Peg to Staten Island under a flag of truce. She is with her
father. Between us"--here he sinks his voice mysteriously--"I was afraid
the enemy might find some way to use little Peg as a spy." Young Aaron
clicks his teeth savagely, but says nothing; the old wolf killer watches
him with the tail of his eye.

The "gentleman volunteer" strides down to the sea wall, and takes a long
and mayhap loving look at Staten Island, with the wind-ruffled expanse
of bay between.

And there the romance ends.

Two days later young Aaron is sipping his wine in black Sam Fraunces'
long room, the picture of that elegant indifference which he cultivates
as a virtue. Already the fancy for poor Peggy Moncrieffe has faded
from the agate surface of his nature, as the breath mists fade from the
mirror's face, and he thinks only on how and when he shall lay down his
title of major for that of lieutenant colonel.

The woman's heart is the heart loyal. While he sips wine at Fraunces',
and weighs the chances of promotion, Peggy the forgotten finds in Staten
Island another Naxos, and like another Ariadne goes weeping for that
Theseus who has already lost her from out his thoughts.

It is unfortunate that, as aide to the old wolf killer, young Aaron is
not provided with more work for hand and head. As it is, his unfilled
hours afford him opportunity to think and talk unprofitably. He falls to
criticising Washington to the old wolf killer; which is about as sapient
as though he fell to criticising Madam Putnam to the old wolf killer.

"Of what avail," cries young Aaron one afternoon, as he and his grizzled
chief stroll in the Bowling Green--"of what avail for General Washington
to hold the city, when he must give it up at last? New English ships
show in the bay with the coming up of every sun. He would be wiser if
he withdrew into the interior, and so forced the foe to follow him. This
would lose them the backing of their fleet, from which they gain not
only supplies, but what is of more consequence a kind of moral support."

The old wolf killer looks at his opinionated aide for a moment. Then
without replying directly, he observes:

"Just as the Christian virtues are faith, hope, and charity, so the
military virtues are courage, endurance, and silence. And the greatest
of these is silence. You ought always to remember that a soldier's sword
should be immeasurably longer than his tongue."

Young Aaron reddens at what he feels is a rebuke. The following day,
when he is directed to join General McDougal on Long Island, he is glad
to go.

"He has had too little to do," explains the old wolf killer to Madam
Putnam. "Like all workless folk he is beginning to talk; and his is the
sort of conversation that breeds enemies and brews trouble."

Young Aaron is in the fight on Long Island. Upon the retreating back of
that lost battle, he supervises the crossing of the troops to Manhattan.
All night, cool and quick and vigilant, he labors on the Brooklyn side
to put the men aboard the transports. When the last is across the East
River, he himself embarks, bringing with him his horse, hog-tied, in the
bottom of the barge. It is early dawn when he leads the released animal
ashore on the Manhattan side. Mounting it, with two fellow officers,
he rides northward at a leisurely gait, a half mile to the rear of the
retreating army.

As young Aaron and his companions push north toward Kingsbridge, they
come across the baggage and stores of a battery of artillery. The
baggage and stores have been but the moment before abandoned.

"It looks," observes young Aaron, who is as unruffled as upon the day
when he laid down theology for law, to the horrified distress of Dr.
Bellamy--"it looks as though the captain of that battery, whoever he is,
has permitted these English in our rear to get unnecessarily upon his
nerves. There is no such close occasion as to justify the abandonment of
these stores. At least he should have destroyed them."

Twenty rods beyond, he finds one of the battery's guns. He points to the
lost piece scornfully.

"There," says he, "is the pure proof of some one's cowardice!"

Spurring on, and led by the rumbling sounds of field guns in full
retreat, he overtakes the timid ones who have thrown away baggage and
gun. The captain who commands is a youth no older than young Aaron. As
the latter comes up, the boy captain is urging his cannoneers to double

"Let me congratulate you, captain," observes young Aaron, extravagantly
polite the better to set off the sneer that marks his manner, "on not
having thrown away your colors. May I ask your name?"

"I, sir," returns the artillery youth, as much moved of resentment at
young Aaron's sneer, as is possible for one in his perturbed frame, "I,
sir, am Captain Alexander Hamilton."

"And I, sir, am Major Burr. Let me compliment you, Captain Hamilton,
for the ardor you display in carrying your battery forward. One might
suppose from your headlong zeal that the English forces lie in that
direction. I must needs say, however, that the zeal which casts away its
stores and baggage, and leaves a gun behind, is ill considered."

Captain Hamilton's face clouds angrily; but, since he is thinking more
on the English than on insults that perilous morning, he does not reply
to the taunt. Young Aaron, feeling the better for his expressions of
contempt, wheels off to the left toward the Hudson, leaving the other to
bring on his battery with what breathless speed he may.

"Now, had that Captain Hamilton been in the light on Long Island,"
remarks young Aaron to his companions, "the hurry he shows might have
found partial excuse. As it is, I hold his flight too feverish, when
one remembers that it is from an enemy which as yet he has personally
neither faced nor seen."

Young Aaron puts in divers idle months at Kingsbridge. His conduct on
Long Island, and during the retreat of the army toward the north, has
multiplied his fame for an indomitable hardihood. Indeed he is inclined
to compliment himself; though he hides the fact defensively in his own

This good opinion of his services teaches him to entertain ambitions of
the vaulting, not to say o'er-leaping sort. As he now, by the light of
recent achievement, measures his merits nothing short of a colonelcy
and the leadership of a regiment will do him justice. Conceive then, how
deeply he feels slighted when Washington fails to share these liberal
views, and promotes him to nothing higher than that lieutenant colonelcy
which his hopes have so much outgrown. He accepts; but he feels the
title fit him with an awkward nearness, as might a coat that some
blundering tailor has cut too small. The letter of acceptance which he
indites to Washington includes such paragraphs as this:

_I am constrained to observe that the late date of my appointment as
lieutenant colonel, subjects me to the command of officers who, in the
late campaign, were my juniors. With due submission, sir, I should like
to know whether it was misconduct on my part or extraordinary merit on
theirs, which has thus given them the preference. I desire, on my part,
to avoid equally the character of turbulent or passive, but as a decent
regard to rank is proper and necessary I hope the concern I feel in this
matter will be found excusable in one who regards his honor next to the
welfare of his country._

The old wolf killer is with Washington when that harassed commander
reads young Aaron's effusion. With an exclamation of wrath the big
general tosses it across.

"By all that is ineffable!" he cries, "read that. Now here is a boy gone
stark staring mad for vanity! A stripling of twenty-one, with face as
hairless as an egg, and yet the second rank in a regiment is no match
for his majestic deserts! Putnam," he continues, as the old wolf killer
runs his eye over the letter, "that young friend of yours will be the
death of me yet! As I told you, sir, he is a courageous prig--yes, sir,
a mere courageous prig!"

"What reply will you make? It should be a sharp one."

"It shall be none at all. I'll make no reply to such bombastic
fault-finding. One might as well pelt a pig with pearls, as waste common
sense on such self-conceit as we have here. Do me the honor, Putnam, to
write this boy-conqueror a note, saying it is my orders that he join his
regiment at once."

Young Aaron finds the regiment to which he has been assigned on the
Ramapo, a day's ride back from the Hudson. His superior in command,
Colonel Malcolm, is a shop-keeping, amiable gentleman, as short of
breath as of courage, who would as soon think of thrusting his hand
into the embers as his fat body into battle. Preeminently is he of that
peculiar war-feather that, for every reason in favor of going forward,
can give a dozen for falling back. Perceiving with delight young
Aaron to be possessed of a taste for carnage as well as command, the
peace-loving Colonel Malcolm promptly surrenders the regiment into his

"You shall drill it and fight it," says he, "while I will be its

With this, the fat Colonel Malcolm retires twenty miles farther into the
interior; where he joins Madam Malcolm, as fat as himself, who unites
with five fat children, their offspring, to fatly welcome him.

Young Aaron, now when he finds himself in sole control, parades the
regiment, and does not like its appearance. He makes it a speech, and
is exceeding frank. He explains that it is more fitted to shine at
barbecues and barn-raisings than in war. Then he grasps it with a daily
hand of steel, and begins to crush it into disciplined shape. From break
of morning until the sun goes down, he puts it through its paces. As one
of the onlookers remarks:

"He drills 'em till their tongues hang out."

The fruits of this iron rule, so much a change from that picnic
character of control but lately exercised by the amiable Colonel
Malcolm, are twofold. Young Aaron is hated and respected by every soul
on the rolls. Caring nothing for the one and everything for the other,
he continues to drill the boots off their feet. Finally, the regiment
ceases to look like a mob, and dons a military expression. At which
young Aaron is privily exalted.

There still remain, however, a round score of thorns in his militant
flesh, being as many captains and lieutenants, who are better qualified
for the drawing-room than the field. He must rid himself of this element
of popinjay.

Since young Aaron is clothed of no power of dismissal over the offensive
popinjays, the situation bristles with difficulties. For all that they
must go. After one night's thought, he gets up from his cogitations
inclined to exclaim, like another Archimedes: "I have found it!"

Young Aaron's device is simplicity itself. Having no power of dismissal,
he will usurp it. Also, he will assert it in such fashion that not a
popinjay of them all will be able to make his dismissal the basis of
military inquiry, and keep his credit clean.

Young Aaron writes, word for word, the same letter to each of the
undesirable popinjay ones. He words it, skillfully, in this wise:

_Sir: You are unfitted for the duties you have assumed. For the good
of the service therefore, I demand the immediate resignation or your
commission. To be frank, sir, I think you lack the courage to lead your
men in the presence of a foe. Should I be wrong in this assumption, you
of course will demonstrate that fact by methods which readily suggest
themselves to every gentleman of spirit. Let me therefore urge that you
either forward your resignation as herein demanded by me, or dispatch
in its stead a request for that satisfaction which I, as a man of honor,
shall not for one moment deny. I beg leave to remain, sir,_

_Your very humble servant,_

_Aaron Burr, Acting Colonel._

"There!" thinks he, when the last letter is signed, sealed, and sent
upon its way to the popinjay hand for which it is designed, "that
should do nicely. I've ever held that the way to successfully deal with
humanity is to take humanity by the horns. That I've done. Likewise,
I flatter myself I've constructed my net so fine that none of them can
wriggle through. And as for breaking through by the dueling method I
hint at, I shall have guessed vastly to one side, if the best among them
own either the force or courage to so much as make the attempt."

Young Aaron is justified of his perspicacity. The resignations of the
popinjays come pouring in, each seeming to take the initiative, and
basing his "voluntary" abandonment of a military career on grounds
wholly invented and highly honorable to himself. No reference, even of
the blindest, is made to that brilliant usurpation of authority. Neither
is young Aaron's letter alluded to in any conversation.

There is one exception; a popinjay personage named Rawls, retorts in
a hectic epistle which, while conveying his resignation, avows a
determination to welter in young Aaron's blood as a slight solace for
the outrage done his feelings. To this, young Aaron replies that he
shall, on the very next day, do himself the honor of a call upon the
ill-used and flaming Rawls, whose paternal roof is not an hour's gallop
from the Ramapo. Accordingly, young Aaron repairs to the Rawls's mansion
at eleven of next day's clock. He has with him two officers, who are
dark as to the true purpose of the excursion.

Young Aaron and the accompanying duo are asked to dinner by the Rawls's
household. The popinjay fiery Rawls is present, but embarrassed. After
dinner, when young Aaron asks popinjay Rawls to ride with his party a
mile or two on the return journey, the fiery, ill-used one grows more

He does not, however, ride forth on that suggested mission of honor; his
alarmed sisters, of whom there are an angelic three, rush to his rescue
in a flood of terrified exclamation.

"O Colonel Burr!" they chorus, "what are you about to do with Neddy?"

"My dear young ladies," protests young Aaron suavely, "believe me, I'm
about to do nothing with Neddy. I intend only to ask him what he desires
or designs to do with me. I am here to place myself at Neddy's disposal,
in a matter which he well understands."

The interfering angelic sisterly ones declare that popinjay Neddy meant
nothing by his letter, and will never write another. Whereupon young
Aaron observes he will be content with the understanding that popinjay
Neddy send him no more letters, unless they have been first submitted to
the sisterly censorship of the angelic three. To this everyone concerned
most rapturously consents; following which young Aaron goes back to his
camp by the Ramapo, while the sisterly angelic ones festoon themselves
about the neck of popinjay Neddy, over whom they weepingly rejoice as
over one returned from out the blackness of the shadow of death.


WHILE young Aaron, in his camp by the Ramapo, is wringing the withers
of his men with merciless drills, sixteen miles away, in the outskirts
of the village of Paranius dwells Madam Theodosia Prévost. Madam Prévost
is the widow of an English Colonel Prévost, who was swept up by yellow
fever in Jamaica. With her are her mother, her sister, her two little
boys. The family name is De Visme, which is a Swiss name from the French

The hungry English in New York are running short of food. Two thousand
of them cross the Hudson, and commence combing the country for beef.
Word of that cow-driving reaches young Aaron by the Ramapo. Hackensack
is given as the theater of those beef triumphs of the hungry English.

From rustical ones bewailing vanished kine, young Aaron receives the
tale first hand. Instantly he springs to the defense of the continental
cow. He orders out his regiment, and marches away for that stricken
Hackensack region of ravished flocks and herds.

At Paramus, excited by stories of a cow-conquering English, the militia
of the neighborhood are fallen to a frenzied building of breastworks.
Certain of these home guards look up from their breastwork building long
enough to decide that Madam Prévost, as the widow of a former English
colonel, is a Tory.

Arriving at this conclusion, the home guards make the next natural step,
and argue--because of their nearness to Madam Prévost--that the mother
and sister and little boys are Tories. The quietly elegant home of Madam
Prévost is declared a nest of Tories, against which judgment a belief
that the mansion is worth looting is not allowed to militate.

As young Aaron, on his rescuing way to Hackensack, marches into Paramus,
the judgmatical home guards, in the name of a patriotism which believes
in spoiling the Egyptian, are about to begin their work of sack and
pillage. Young Aaron, who does not think that robbery assists the cause
of freedom, calls a halt. He drives off the home guards at the point of
his sword, and places sentinels upon the premises. Also he promises to
hang the first home guard who, in the name of liberty, or for any more
private reason, touches a shilling's worth of Madam Prevost's chattels.

Having established his protectorate in favor of the threatened Prévost
household, young Aaron enters, hat in hand, with the pardonable purpose
of discovering what manner of folk he has pledged himself to keep
safe. It may be that he is beset by visions of distressed fair
ones--disheveled, tearful, beautiful! If so, his dreams receive a shock.
'Instead of that flushed, frightened, clinging, tear-stained loveliness,
so common of romance, he is met by a severely angular lady who, plain of
face, with high, harsh cheek bones, and a scar on her forehead, is two
inches taller and twelve years older than himself.

Madam Prévost owns all these; and yet, beyond and above them, she
also possesses an ineffable, impalpable something, which is like
an atmosphere, a perfume, a melody of manner, and marks her as that
greatest of graceful rarities, a well-bred, cultured woman of the
world. Polished, fine, Madam Prévost is familiar with the society of
two continents. She knows literature, music, art; she is wise, erudite,
nobly high. These attributes invest her with a soft brilliancy, into
which those uglinesses and bony angularities retreat as into a kind of
moonlight, to recur in gentle reassertion as the poetic sublimation of
all that charms.

Thus does she break upon young Aaron--young Aaron, who has said that he
would no more love a woman for her beauty than a man for his money, and
is to be won only by her who, mentally and sentimentally, meets him half
way. This last Madam Prévost does; and, from the moment he meets her
to the hour of her death, she draws him and holds him like a magnet. It
illustrates the inexplicable in love, that this cool, cynical one, whose
very youth is an iron element of hardest strength, should be fascinated
and fettered by a worn, middle-aged woman with eyes of faded gray.

Young Aaron, on this first encounter with his goddess, remains no longer
than is required to receive the arrow in his heart. He presses on with
his followers for the Hackensack. A mile from Paramus he halts his
soldiery, and, leaving the great body of them, goes forward in person
with a scouting party of seventeen. In the middle watches of the night,
he discovers a picket post of the cow-collecting English. Only one
is awake; he is shot dead by young Aaron. The others, twenty-eight in
number, are seized in their sleep.

In the wake of this exploit, young Aaron brings up his whole command.
The cow-hunting redcoats, from the confidence of his advance, infer in
his favor an overwhelming strength. Panic claims them; they make for the
Hudson, leaving those collected cows behind. There is rejoicing among
the Hackensack folk at this happy return of their property, and young
Aaron goes back to the Ramapo rich in encomium and praise.

The camp by the Ramapo is given up, and young Aaron, love-drawn, brings
his force within a mile of Paramus. Daily he seeks the society of Madam
Prévost, as sick folk seek the sun. She speaks French, Spanish, German;
she reads Voltaire, and is capable of admiring without approving
the cynic of Fernay. More; she is familiar with Petrarch, Le Sage,
Corneille, Rousseau, Chesterfield, Cervantes. Madam Prévost and young
Aaron find much to talk of and agree about, in the way of romance and
poetry and philosophy, and are never dull for lack of topics. And, as
they converse, he worships her with his eyes, from which every least
black trace of that ophidian sparkle has been extinguished.

The first snowflakes are falling when young Aaron receives orders to
join Washington's army at Valley Forge. Arriving, his hatred of the big
general is rearoused. He suggests an expedition against the English
on Staten Island, and offers to undertake it with three hundred men.
Washington thinks well of the suggestion, but dispatches Lord Stirling
to carry it out. Young Aaron, hot with disappointment, adds this to the
list of injuries which he believes he has received from the Virginian.

Food is stinted, fire scarce at Valley Forge; there is a deal of cold
and starving. Folk hungry and frozen are in no humor for work, and look
on labor as an evil. Young Aaron takes no account of this, but has out
his tattered, chilled, thin-flanked followers to those daily drills.

In the end a spirit of mutiny creeps in among the men. It finds concrete
shape one frosty morning when private John Cook levels his musket at
young Aaron's heart. Private Cook means murder, and is only kept from it
by the promptitude of young Aaron. With that very motion of the mutineer
which aims the gun, young Aaron's sword comes rasping from its scabbard,
and a backhanded stroke all but severs the would-be homicide's right
arm. The wounded man falls bleeding to the ground. With that, young
Aaron details a pale-faced, silent quartette to carry the wounded one to
the hospital, and, drawing his blade through a handkerchief to wipe away
the blood, proceeds with the hated drill.

[Illustration: 0111]

While young Aaron serves at Valley Forge, a conspiracy, whereof General
Conway is the animating heart and General Gates the figurehead, is
hatched. The purpose is to remove Washington, and set the conqueror of
Burgoyne in his place. Young Aaron joins the conspiracy, and is looked
upon by his fellow plotters as ardent, but unimportant because of his

The design falls to the ground; Washington retains his command, while
Gates goes south to lose his Burgoyne laurels and get drubbed by
Cornwallis. As for young Aaron, he swallows as best he may his
disappointment over the poor upcome of that plot, and takes part in the
battle of Monmouth. Here he has his horse shot under him, and lays
up fresh hatreds against Washington for refusing to let him charge an
English battery.

Sore, heart-cankered of chagrin, young Aaron asks for leave of absence.
He declares that he is ill, and his hollow cheek and bilious eye sustain
him. He says that, until his health mends, he will take no pay.

"You shall have leave of absence," says Washington, to whom young Aaron
prefers his request in person, "but you must draw pay."

"And why draw pay, sir!" demands young Aaron warmly, for he somehow
smells an insult. "I shall render no service. I think the proprieties
much preserved by a stoppage of my pay."

"If you were the only, one, sir," returns Washington, "I might say as
you do. But there be others on sick leave, who are not men of fortune
like yourself. Those gentlemen must draw their pay, or see their
people suffer. Should you be granted leave without pay, they might feel
criticised. You note the point, sir."

"Why," replies young Aaron, with a tinge of sarcasm, "the point, I take
it, is that you would not have me shine at the expense of folk of lesser
fortune or more avarice than myself. Because others are not generous to
their country, I must be refused the poor privilege of contributing even
my absence to her cause."

At young Aaron's palpable sneer, the big general's face darkens with
anger. "You exhibit an insolence, sir," he says at last, "which I
succeed in overlooking only by remembering that I am twice your age.
I understand, of course, that you intend a covert thrust at myself,
because I draw my three guineas per day as commander in chief. Rather
to enlighten you than defend my own conduct, I may tell you, sir, that I
draw those three guineas upon the precise grounds I state as reasons
why you, during your leave, must accept pay. There are men as brave,
as true, as patriotic as either of us, who cannot--as we might--fight
months on end, without some provision for their families. What,
sir"--here the big general begins to kindle--"is it not enough that men
risk their blood for these colonies? Must wives and children starve? The
cause is not so poor, I tell you, but what it can pay its own cost. You
and I, sir, will draw our pay, to keep in self-respecting countenance
folk as good as ourselves in everything save fortune."

Young Aaron shrugs his shoulders. "If it were not, sir," he begins,
"for that difference in our ages which you so opportunely quote, to say
nothing of my inferior military rank, I might ask if your determination
to make me accept pay, whether I earn it or no, be not due to a latent
dislike for myself personally. I can think of much that justifies the

"Colonel Burr," observes the big general, with a dignity which is not
without rebuking effect upon young Aaron, "because you are young and
will one day be older, I am inclined to justify myself in your eyes. I
make it a rule to seldom take advice and never give it. And yet there
is room for a partial exception in your instance. There is a word, two,
perhaps, which I think you need."

"Believe me, sir, I am honored!"

"My counsel, sir, is to cease thinking of yourself. Give your life a
better purpose and a higher aim. You will have more credit now, more
fame hereafter, if you will lay aside that egotism which dominates you,
and give your career a motive beyond and above a mere desire to advance

The big general, from the commanding heights of those advantageous extra
six inches, looks down upon young Aaron. In that looking down there is
nothing of the paternal. Rather it is as though a pedagogue deals with
some self-willed pupil.

Of all the big general's irritating attitudes, young Aaron finds this
pose of unruffled supremacy the one hardest to bear. He holds himself
in hand, however, deeming it a time, now the ice is broken, to go to the
bottom of his prospects, and learn what hope there is of honors which
can come only through the other's word.

"Sir," observes young Aaron, "will you be so good as to make yourself
clear. What you say is interesting; I would not miss its slightest

"It should be confessed," returns the big general, somewhat to one side,
"that I am of a hot and angry temper. My one fear, having authority, is
that in the heat of personal resentments I may do injustice. If it were
not for such fear, you would have gone south with General Gates, for
whom you plotted all you knew to bring about my downfall."

Young Aaron is seized of a chilling surprise. This is his first news
that Washington is aware of his part in that plot. However, he schools
his features to a statuelike immobility, and evinces neither amazement
nor dismay. The big general goes on:

"No, sir; your conduct as a soldier has been good. So I leave you with
your regiment, retain you with me, because I can see no public reasons,
but only private ones, for sending you away. I go over these things,
sir, to convince you that I have not permitted personal bias to control
my attitude toward you. Besides, I hope to teach you a present sincerity
in what I say."

"Why, sir," interjects young Aaron, careful to maintain a coolness
and self-possession equal with the big general's; "you give yourself
unnecessary trouble. I cannot think your sincerity important, since I
shall not permit the question of it to in any way add to or subtract
from your words. I listen gladly and with gratitude. None the less, I
shall accept or reject your counsel on its abstract merits, unaffected
by its honorable source."

The insufferable impertinence of young Aaron's manner would have got him
drummed out of some services, shot in others. The big general only bites
his lip.

"What I would tell you," he resumes, "is this. You possess the raw
material of greatness--but with one element lacking. You may rise to
what heights you choose, if you will but cure yourself of one defect.
Observe, sir! Men are judged, not for deeds but motives. A man injures
you; you excuse him because no injury was meant. A man seeks to injure
you, but fails; and yet you resent it, in spite of that defensive
failure, because of the intent. So it is with humanity at large. It
looks at the motive rather than the act. Sir, I have watched you. You
have no motive but yourself. Patriotism plays no part when you come
to this war; it is not the country, but Aaron Burr, you carry on your
thoughts. Whatever you may believe, you cannot win fame or good repute
on terms, so narrow. A man is so much like a gun that, to carry far, he
must have some elevation of aim. You were born fortunate in your parts,
save for that defective element of aim. There, sir, you fail, and will
continue to fail, unless you work your own redemption. It is as though
you had been born on a dead level--aimed point-blank at birth. You
should have been born at an angle of forty-five degrees. With half the
powder, sir, you would carry twice as far. Wherefore, elevate yourself;
give your life a noble purpose! Make yourself the incident, mankind
the object. Merge egotism in patriotism; forget self in favor of your
country and its flag."

The gray eyes of the big general rest upon young Aaron with concern.
Then he abruptly retreats into the soldier, as though ashamed of his own
earnestness. Without giving time for reply to that dissertation on the
proper aim of man, he again takes up the original business of the leave.

[Illustration: 0119]

"Colonel Burr," says he, "you shall have leave of absence. But your
waiver of pay is declined."

"Then, sir," retorts young Aaron, "you must permit me to withdraw my
application. I shall not take the country's money, without rendering
service for it."

"That is as you please, sir."

"One thing stands plain," mutters young Aaron, as he walks away; "the
sooner I quit the army the better. For me it is 'no thoroughfare,' and
I may as well save my time. He knows of my part in that Conway-Gates
movement, too; and, for all his platitudes about justice and high aims,
he's no one to forget it."


YOUNG Aaron, with his regiment, is ordered to West Point. Next he is
dispatched to hold the Westchester lines, being that debatable
ground lying between the Americans at White Plains and the English at
Kingsbridge. It is still his half-formed purpose to resign his sword,
and turn the back of his ambition on every hope of military glory. He
says as much to General Putnam, whose real liking for him he feels and
trusts. The wise old wolf killer argues in favor of patience.

"Washington is but trying you," he declares. "It will all come right,
if you but hold on. And to be a colonel at twenty-two is no small thing,
let me tell you! Suck comfort from that!"

Young Aaron knows the old wolf killer so well that he feels he may go
as far as he chooses into those twin subjects of Washington and his own
military prospects.

"General," he says, "believe me when I tell you that I accept what you
say as though from a father. Let me talk to you, then, not as a colonel
to his general, but as son to sire. I have my own views concerning
Washington; they are not of the highest. I do not greatly esteem him as
either a soldier or a man."

"And there you are wrong!" breaks in the old wolf killer; "twice wrong."

"Give me your own views, then; I shall be glad to change the ones I

"You speak of Washington as no soldier. Without reminding you that
you yourself own but little experience to guide by in coming to such
conclusion, I may say perhaps that I, who have fought in both the French
War and the war with Pontiac, possess some groundwork upon which to
base opinion. Take my word for it, then, that there is no better soldier
anywhere than Washington."

"But he is all for retreating, and never for advancing."

"Precisely! And, whether you know it or no, those tactics of falling
back and falling back are the ones, the only ones, which promise final
success. Where, let me ask, do you think this war is to be won?"

"Where should any war be won but on the battlefield?"

The old wolf killer smiles a wide smile of grizzled toleration. Plainly,
he regards young Aaron as lacking in years quite as much as does
Washington himself; and yet, somehow, this manner on his part does not
fret the boy colonel. In truth, he meets the fatherly grin with the
ghost of a smile.

"Where, then, should this war be won?" asks young Aaron.

"Not on the battlefield. I am but a plain farmer when I'm not wearing
a sword, and no statesman like Adams or Franklin or Jefferson. For all
that, I am wise enough to know that the war must, and, in the end, will
be won in the Parliament of England. It must be won for us by Fox and
Burke and Pitt and the other Whigs. All we can do is furnish them
the occasion and the argument, and that can be accomplished only by

Young Aaron sniffs his polite distrust of such topsy-turvy logic. "Now I
should call," says he, "these retreats, by which you and Washington seem
to set so much store, a worst possible method of giving encouragement to
our friends. I fear you jest with me, general. How can you say that by
retreating, itself a confession of weakness, we give the English
Whigs an argument which shall induce King George to recognize our

"If you were ten years older," remarks the old wolf killer, "you would
not put the question. Which proves some of us in error concerning you,
and shows you as young as your age should warrant. Let me explain: You
think a war, sir, this war, for instance, is a matter of soldiers and
guns. It isn't; it is a matter of gold. As affairs stand, the English
are shedding their guineas much faster than they shed their blood.
Presently the taxpayers of England will begin to feel it; they feel
it now. Let the drain go on. Before all is done, their resolution will
break down; they will elect a Parliament instructed to concede our

"Your idea, then, is to prolong the war, and per incident the expense of
it to the English, until, under a weight of taxation, the courage of the
English taxpayer breaks down."

"You've nicked it. We own neither the force, nor the guns, nor
the powder, nor--and this last in particular--the bayonets to wage
aggressive warfare. To do so would be to play the English game. They
would, breast to breast and hand to hand, wipe us out by sheerest force
of numbers. That would mean the finish; we should lose and they would
win. Our plan--the Washington plan--is, with as little loss as possible
in men and dollars to ourselves, to pile up cost for the foe. There is
but one way to do that; we must fall back, and keep falling back, to the
close of the chapter."

"At least," says young Aaron, with a sour grimace, "you will admit
that the plan of campaign you offer presents no peculiar features of
attractive gallantry."

"Gallantry is not the point. I am but trying to convince you that
Washington, in this backwardness of which you complain, proceeds neither
from ignorance nor cowardice; but rather from a set and well-considered
strategy. I might add, too, that it takes a better soldier to retreat
than to advance. As for your true soldier, after he passes forty, he
talks not of winning battles but wars. After forty he thinks little or
nothing of that engaging gallantry of which you talk, and never throws
away practical advantage in favor of some gilded sentiment. You deem
slightly of Washington, because you know slightly of Washington. The
most I may say to comfort you is that Washington most thoroughly knows
himself. And"--here the old wolf killer's voice begins to tremble a
little--"I'll go further: I've seen many men; but none of a courage, a
patriotism, a fortitude, a sense of honor to match with his; none of his
exalted ideals or noble genius for justice."

Young Aaron is silent; for he sees how moved is the old wolf killer, and
would not for the ransom of a world say aught to pain him. After a pause
he observes:

"Assuredly, I could not think of going behind your opinions, and
Washington shall be all you say. None the less--and here I believe you
will bear me out--he has of me no good opinion. He will not advance me;
he will not give me opportunity to advance. And, after all, the question
I originally put only touched myself. I told you I thought, and now tell
you I still think, that I might better take off my sword, forget war,
and see what is to be won in the law."

"And you ask my advice?"

"Your honest advice."

"Then stick to the head of your regiment. Convince Washington that his
opinion of you is unjust, and he'll be soonest to admit it. To convince
him should not be difficult, since you have but to do your duty."

"Very good," observes Aaron, resignedly, "I shall, for the present
at least, act upon your counsel. Also, much as I value your advice,
general, you have given me something else in this conversation which I
value more; that is, your expressed and friendly confidence."

Following his long talk with the old wolf killer, young Aaron throws
himself upon his duty, heart and hand. In his rôle as warden of the
Westchester marches, he is as vigilant as a lynx. The English under
Tryon move north from New York; he sends them scurrying back to town
in hot and fear-spurred haste. They attempt to surprise him, and are
themselves surprised. They build a doughty blockhouse near Spuyten
Duyvel; young Aaron burns it, and brings in its defenders as captives.
Likewise, under cloud of night--night, ever the ally of lovers--he
oft plays Leander to Madam Prevost's Hero; only the Hudson is his
Hellespont, and he does not swim but crosses in a barge. These
love pilgrimages mean forty miles and as many perils. However, the
heart-blinded young Aaron is not counting miles or perils, as he
pictures his gray goddess of Paramus sighing for his coming.

One day young Aaron hears tidings that mean much in his destinies.
The good old wolf killer, his sole friend in the army, is stricken of
paralysis, and goes home to die. The news is a shock to him; the more
since it offers the final argument for ending with the military. He
consults no one. Basing his action on a want of health, he forwards his
resignation to Washington, who accepts. He leaves the army, taking with
him an unfaltering dislike of the big general which will wax not wane as
years wear on.

Young Aaron is much and lovingly about his goddess of the wan gray eyes;
so much and so lovingly, indeed, that it excites the gossips. With
war and battle and sudden death on every hand and all about them,
scandal-mongering ones may still find time and taste for the discussion
of the faded Madam Prévost and her boy lover. The discussion, however,
is carried on in whispers, and made to depend on a movement of the
shoulder or an eyebrow knowingly lifted. Madam Prévost and young Aaron
neither hear nor see; their eyes and ears are sweetly busy over nearer,
dearer things.

It is deep evening at the Prévost mansion. A carriage stops at the gate;
the next moment a bold-eyed woman, the boldness somewhat in eclipse
through weariness and fear, bursts in. Young Aaron's memory is for a
moment held at bay; then he recalls her. The bold-eyed one is none other
than that Madam Arnold whom he saw on a Newburyport occasion, when he
was dreaming of conquest and Quebec. Plainly, the bold-eyed one knows
Madam Prévost; for she runs to her with outstretched hands.

"Oh, I've lied and played the hypocrite all day!"

Then the bold-eyed one relates the just discovered treason of her
husband, and how she imitated tears and hysteria and the ravings of one
abandoned, to cover herself from the consequences of a crime to which
she was privy, and the commission whereof she urged.

"This gentleman!" cries the bold-eyed one, as she closes her story--she
has become aware of young Aaron--"this gentleman! May I trust him?"

[Illustration: 0133]

"As you would myself," returns Madam Prévost.

And so, by the lips he loves, young Aaron is bound to permit, if he does
not aid, the escape of the bold-eyed traitress. Wherefore, she goes her
uninterrupted way; after which he forgets her, and again takes up the
subject nearest his heart, his love for Madam Prévost.

Eighteen months slip by; young Aaron is eager for marriage. Madam
Prévost is not so hurried, but urges a prudent procrastination. He is
about to return to those law studies, which he took up aforetime with
Tappan Reeve. She shows him that it would more consist with his dignity,
were he able to write himself "lawyer" before he became a married man.

Lovers will listen to sweethearts when husbands turn blandly deaf to
wives, and young Aaron accepts the advice of his goddess of faded years
and experiences. He hunts up a certain Judge Patterson, a law-light of
New Jersey--not too far from Paramus--and enters himself as a student
under that philosopher of jurisprudence.

Judge Patterson and young Aaron do not agree. The one is methodical, and
looks slowly out upon the world; he holds by the respectable theory that
one should know the law before he practices it. The other favors haste
at any cost, and argues that by practice one will most surely and
sharply come to a profound knowledge of the law.

Perceiving his studies to go forward as though shod with lead, young
Aaron remonstrates with his preceptor.

"This will never do," he cries. "Sir, I shall be gray before I go to the
bar!" He explains that it is his purpose to enter upon the practice of
the law within a year. "Twelve months as a student should be enough," he

"Sir," observes the scandalized Judge Patterson in retort, "to talk of
taking charge of a client's interests after studying but a year is to
talk of fraud. You would but sacrifice them to your own vain ignorance,
sir. It would be a most flagrant case of the blind leading the blind."

"Possibly now," urges young Aaron the cynical, "the opposing counsel
might be as blind as I, and the bench as blind as either."

"Such talk is profanation!" exclaims Judge Patterson who, making a cult
of the law, feels a priestly horror at young Aaron's ribaldry. "Let me
be plain, sir! No student shall leave me to engage upon the practice,
unless I think him competent. As to that condition of competency, I deem
you many months' journey from it."

Finding himself and Judge Patterson so much at variance, young Aaron
bids that severe jurist adieu, and betakes himself to Haverstraw. There
he makes a more agreeable compact with one Judge Smith, whom the English
have driven from New York. While he waits for the day when--English
vanished--he may return to his practice, Judge Smith accepts a round sum
in gold from young Aaron, on the understanding that he devote himself
wholly to that impatient gentleman's education.

Judge Smith of Haverstraw does his honest best to earn that gold.
Morning, noon, and night, and late into the latter, he and young Aaron
go hammering at the old musty masters of jurisprudence. The student
makes astonishing advances, and it is no more than a matter of weeks
when Jack proves as good as his master. Still, the sentiment which
animates young Aaron's efforts is never high. He studies law as some
folk study fencing, his one absorbing thought being to learn how to
defeat an adversary and save himself. His great concern is to make
himself past master of every thrust, parry, and sleighty trick of fence,
whether in attack or guard, with the one object of victory for himself
and the enemy's destruction. Justice, and to assist thereat, is the
thing distant from his thoughts.

At the end of six months, Judge Smith declares young Aaron able to hold
his own with any adversary.

"Mark my words, sir," he observes, when speaking of young Aaron to a
fellow gray member of the guild--"mark my words, sir, he will prove one
of the most dangerous men who ever sat down to a trial table. There is,
of course, a right side and a wrong side to every cause. In that luck
which waits upon the practice of the law, he may, as might you or I, be
retained for the wrong side of a litigation. But whether right or wrong,
should you some day be pitted against him, you will find him possessed
of this sinister peculiarity. If he's right, you won't defeat him; if
he's wrong, you must exercise your utmost care or he'll defeat you."

Pronouncing which, Judge Smith refreshes himself with sardonic snuff,
after the manner of satirical ones who feel themselves delivered of a
smartish quip.

Following that profound novitiate of six months, young Aaron visits
Albany and seeks admission to the bar. He should have studied three
years; but the benignant judge forgives him those other two years and
more, basing his generosity on the applicant's services as a soldier.

"And so," says young Aaron, "I at least get something from my soldier
life. It wasn't all thrown away, since now it saves me a deal of
grinding study at the books."

Young Aaron settles down to practice law in Albany. He prefers New York
City, and will go there when the English leave. Pending that redcoat
exodus, he cheers his spirit and improves his time by carrying Madam
Prévost to church, where the Reverend Bogard declares them man and wife,
after the methods and manners of the Dutch Reformed.

The boy husband and the faded middle-aged wife remain a year in Albany.
There a daughter is born. She will grow up as the beautiful Theodosia,
and, when the maternal Theodosia is no more, be all in all to her
father. Young Aaron kisses baby Theodosia, calls the stars his brothers,
and walks the sky. For once, in a way, that old innate egotism is
well-nigh dead in his heart.

About this time the beaten English sail away for home, and young Aaron
gives up Albany. Albany has three thousand; New York-is a pulsating
metropolis of twenty-two thousand souls. There can be no question as to
where the choice of a rising young barrister should fall.

He goes therefore to New York; and, with the two Theodosias and the two
little Prévost boys, takes a stately mansion in that thoroughfare of
fashion and fine society, Maiden Lane. He opens law offices by the
Bowling Green, to a gathering cloud of clients.

The Right Reverend Doctor Bellamy of Bethlehem pays him a visit.

"With your few months of study," observes the reverend doctor dryly,
"I wonder you know enough of law to so much as keep it, let alone going
about its practice."

"Law is not so difficult," responds young Aaron, quite as dry as the
good doctor. "Indeed, in some respects it is vastly like theology.
That is to say, it is anything which is boldly asserted and plausibly

The good doctor says he will answer for young Aaron's boldness of

"And yet," continues the good doctor, with just a glimmer of sarcasm,
"the last time I saw you, you gave me the catalogue of your virtues, and
declared them the virtues of a soldier. How comes it, then, that in the
midst of battles you laid down steel for parchment, gave up arms for

"Washington drove me from the army," responds young Aaron, with
convincing gravity. "As I told you, sir, by nature I am a soldier, and
turned lawyer only through necessity. And Washington was the necessity."


NOW when young Aaron, in the throbbing metropolis of New York, finds
himself a lawyer and a married man, with an office by the Bowling Green
and a house in fashionable Maiden Lane, he gives himself up to a cool
survey of his surroundings. What he sees is fairly and honestly set
forth by the good Dr. Bellamy, after that dominie returns to Bethlehem
and Madam Bellamy. The latter, like all true women, is curious, and
gives the doctor no peace until he relates his experiences.

"The city," observes the veracious doctor, looking up from tea and
muffins, "is large; some say as large as twenty-seven thousand. I
walked to every part of it, seeing all a stranger should. There is much
opulence there. The rich, of whom there are many, have not only town
houses, but cool country seats north of the town. Their Broad Way is a
fine, noble street!--very wide!--fairer than any in Boston!"

"Doctor!" expostulates Madam Bellamy, who is from Massachusetts.

"Mother, it is fact! They have, too, a new church, which cost twenty
thousand pounds. At their shipyard I saw an East Indiaman of eight
hundred tons--an immense vessel! The houses are grand, being for the
better part painted--even the brick houses."

"What! Paint a brick house!"

"It is their ostentation, mother; their senseless parade of wealth. One
sees the latter everywhere. I was to breakfast at General Schuyler's; it
was an elaborate affair. They assured me their best people were present;
Coster, Livingston, Bleecker, Beekman, Jay were some of the names. A
more elegant repast I never ate--all set as it was with a profusion of
massive plate. There were a silver teapot and a silver coffeepot-----"

"Solid silver?"

"Ay! The king's hall-mark was on them; I looked. And finest linen,
too--white as snow! Also cups of gilt; and after the toast, plates of
peaches and a musk melon! It was more a feast than a breakfast."

"Why, it is a tale of profligacy!"

"Their manners, however, do not keep pace with their splendid houses and
furnishings. There is no good breeding; they have no conversation, no
modesty. They talk loud, fast, and all together. It is a mere theater
of din and witless babble. They ask a question; and then, before you can
answer, break in with a stream of inane chatter. To be short, I met but
one real gentleman------"


"Ay, mother; Aaron. I can say nothing good of his religious side; since,
for all he is the grandson of the sainted Jonathan Edwards, he is no
better than the heathen that rageth. But his manners! What a polished
contrast with the boorishness about him! Against that vulgar background
he shines out like the sun at noon!"

Young Aaron, beginning to remember his twenty-seven years, objects to
the descriptive "young." He has ever scorned it, as though it were some
epithet of infamy. Now he takes open stand against it.

"I am not so young," says he, to one who mentions him as in the morning
of his years--"I am not so young but what I have commanded a brigade,
sir, on a field of stricken battle. My rank was that of colonel! You
will oblige me by remembering the title."

In view of the gentleman's tartness, it will be as well perhaps to
hereafter drop the "young"; for no one likes to give offense. Besides,
our tart gentleman is married, and a father. Still, "colonel" is but a
word of pewter when no war is on. "Aaron" should do better; and escape
challenge, too, that irritating "young" being dropped.

As Aaron runs his glance along the front of the town's affairs, he notes
that in commerce, fashion, politics, and one might almost say religion,
the situation is dominated of a quartette of septs. There are the
Livingstons--numerous, rich. There are the Clintons, of whom Governor
Clinton is chief. There are the Jays, led by the Honorable John of that
ilk. Most and greatest, there are the Schuylers, in the van of which
tribe towers the sour, self-seeking, self-sufficient General Schuyler.
Aaron, in the gossip of the coffee houses, hears much of General
Schuyler. He hears more of that austere person's son-in-law, the
brilliant Alexander Hamilton.

"I shall be glad to make his acquaintance," thinks Aaron, when he is
told of the latter. "I met him after the battle of Long Island, when in
his pale eagerness to escape the English he had left baggage and guns
behind. Yes; I shall indeed be glad to see him. That such as he can come
to eminence in the town possesses its encouraging side."

There is a sneer on Aaron's face as these thoughts run in his mind;
those praises of son-in-law Hamilton have vaguely angered his selflove.

Aaron's opportunity to meet and make the young ex-artilleryman's
acquaintance, is not long in coming. The Tories, whom the war stripped
of their property and civil rights, are praying for relief. A conference
of the town's notables has been called; the local great ones are to come
together in the long-room of the Fraunces Tavern. Being together,
they will consider how far a decent Americanism may unbend toward Tory

Aaron arrives early; for the Fraunces long-room is his favorite lounge.
The big apartment has witnessed no changes since a day when poor Peggy
Moncrieffe, as the modern Ariadne, wept on her near-by Naxos of Staten
Island, while a forgetful Theseus, in that same longroom, tasted his
wine unmoved. Aaron is at a corner table with Colonel Troup, when
son-in-law Hamilton arrives.

"That is he," says Colonel Troup, for they have been talking of the

Already nosing a rival, Aaron regards the newcomer with a curious black
narrowness which has little of liking in it. Son-in-law Hamilton is
a short, slim, dapper figure of a man, as short and slim as is Aaron
himself. His hair is clubbed into an elaborate cue, and profusely
powdered. He wears a blue coat with bright buttons, a white vest,
a forest of ruffles, black velvet smalls, white silk stockings, and
conventional buckled shoes.

It is not his clothes, but his countenance to which Aaron addresses
his most searching glances. The forehead is good and full, and rife of
suggestion. The eyes are quick, bright, selfish, unreliable, prone to
look one way while the plausible tongue talks another. As for the face
generally: fresh, full, sensual, brisk, it is the face of a flatterer
and a politician, the face of one who will seek his ends by nearest
methods, and never mind if they be muddy. Also, there is much that is
lurking and secret about the expression, which recalls the slanderer and
backbiter, who will be ever ready to serve himself by lies whispered in
the dark.

Son-in-law Hamilton does not see Aaron and Colonel Troup, and goes
straight to a group the long length of the room away. Taking a seat, he
at once leads the conversation of the circle he has joined, speaking
in a loud, confident tone, with the manner of one who regards his own
position as impregnable, and his word decisive of whatever question is
discussed. The pompous, self-consequence of son-in-law Hamilton arouses
the dander of Aaron. Nor is the latter's wrath the less, when he
discovers that General Schuyler's self-satisfied young relative thinks
the suppliant Tories should be listened to, as folk overharshly dealt

As Aaron considers son-in-law Hamilton, and decides unfavorably
concerning that young gentleman's bumptiousness and pert forwardness,
the company is rapped to order by General Schuyler himself. Lean, rusty,
arrogant, supercilious, the general explains that he has been asked
to preside. Being established in the chair, he announces in a rasping,
dictatorial voice the liberal objects of the coming together. He submits
that the Tories have been unjustly treated. It was, he says, but natural
they should adhere to King George. The war being over, and King George
beaten, he does not believe it the part of either a Christian or
a patriot to hold hatred against them. These same Tories are still
Americans. Their names are among the highest in the city. Before the
Revolution they were one and all of a first respectability, many with
pews in Trinity. Now when freedom has won its battle, he feels that
the victors should let bygones be bygones, and restore the Tories,
in property and station, to a place which they occupied before that
pregnant Philadelphia Fourth of July in 1776.

All this and more to similar effect the austere, rusty Schuyler rasps
forth. When he closes, a profound silence succeeds; for there is no one
who does not know the Schuyler power, or believe that the rasping word
of the rusty old general is equal to marring or furthering the fortunes
of every soul in the room.

The pause is at last broken by Aaron. Self-possessed, steady, his remarks
are brief but pointed. He combats at every corner what the rusty general
has been pleased to advance. The Tories were traitors. They were worse
than the English. It was they who set the Indians on our borders to
torch and tomahawk and scalping knife. They have been most liberally,
most mercifully dealt with, when they are permitted to go unhanged.
As for restoring their forfeited estates, or permitting them any civil
share in a government which they did their best to strangle in its
cradle, the thought is preposterous. They may have been "respectable,"
as General Schuyler states; if so, the respectability was spurious--a
mere hypocritical cover for souls reeking of vileness. They may have had
pews in Trinity. There are ones who, wanting pews in Trinity, still hope
to make their worldly foothold good, and save their souls at last.

As Aaron takes his seat by Colonel Troup, a murmur of guarded agreement
runs through the company. Many are the looks of surprised admiration
cast in his young direction. Truly, the newcomer has made a stir.

Not that his stir-making is to go unopposed. No sooner is Aaron in his
chair, than son-in-law Hamilton is upon him verbally; even while those
approving ones are admiringly buzzing, he begins to talk. His tones
are high and patronizing, his manner condescending. He speaks to Aaron
direct, and not to the audience. He will do his best, he explains, to be
tolerant, for he has heard that Aaron is new to the town. None the less,
he must ask that daring person to bear his newness more in mind. He
himself, he says, cannot escape the feeling that one who is no better
than a stranger, an interloper, might with a nice propriety remain
silent on occasions such as this. Son-in-law Hamilton ends by declaring
that the position taken by Aaron, on this subject of Tories and what
shall be their rights, is un-American. He, himself, has fought for the
Revolution; but, now it is ended, he holds that gentlemen of honor and
liberality will not be guided by the ugly clamor of partisans, who would
make the unending punishment of Tories a virtue and call it patriotism.
He fears that Aaron misunderstands the sentiment of those among whom he
has pitched his tent, congratulates him on a youth that offers an excuse
for the rashness of his expressions, and hopes that he may live to gain
a better wisdom. Son-in-law Hamilton does himself proud, and the rusty
old general erects his pleased crest, to find himself so handsomely

The rusty general exhibits both surprise and anger, when the rebuked
Aaron again signifies a desire to be heard. This time Aaron, following
that orator's example,-talks not to the audience but son-in-law Hamilton

"Our friend," says Aaron, "reminds me that I am young in years; and I
think this the more generous on his part, since I have seen quite as
many years as has he himself. He calls attention to the battle-battered
share he took in securing the liberties of this country; and, while
I hold him better qualified to win laurels as a son-in-law than as
a soldier, I concede him the credit he claims. I myself have been a
soldier, and while serving as such was so fortunate as to meet our
friend. He does not remember the meeting. Nor do I blame him; for it was
upon a day when he had forgotten his baggage, forgotten one of his
guns, forgotten everything, in truth, save the English behind him, and
I should be much too vain if I supposed that, under such forgetful
circumstances, he would remember me. As to my newness in the town, and
that crippled Americanism wherewith he charges me, I have little to say.
I got no one's consent to come here; I shall ask no one's permission to
stay. Doubtless I would have been more within a fashion had I gone with
both questions to the gentleman, or to his celebrated father-in-law, who
presides here today. These errors, however, I shall abide by. Also, I
shall content myself with an Americanism which, though it possess none
of those sunburned, West Indian advantages so strikingly illustrated in
the gentleman, may at least congratulate itself upon being two hundred
years old."

Having returned upon the self-sufficient head of son-in-law Hamilton
those courtesies which the latter lavished upon him, Aaron proceeds to
voice again, but with more vigorous emphasis, the anti-Tory sentiments
he has earlier expressed. When he ceases speaking there is no applause,
nothing save a dead stillness; for all who have heard feel that a feud
has been born--a Burr-Schuyler-Hamilton feud, and are prudently inclined
to await its development before pronouncing for either side. The
feeling, however, would seem to follow the lead of Aaron; for the
resolution smelling of leniency toward Tories is laid upon the table.


WHILE Aaron, frostily contemptuous, but with manners as superfine as
his ruffles, is saying those knife-thrust things to son-in-law Hamilton,
that latter young gentleman's face is a study in black and red. His
expression is a composite of rage colored of fear. The defiance of Aaron
is so full, so frank, that it seems studied. Son-in-law Hamilton is not
sure of its purpose, or what intrigue it may hide. Deeply impressed as
to his own importance, the thought takes hold on him that Aaron's attack
is parcel of some deliberate design, held by folk who either hate him or
envy him, or both, to lure him to the dueling ground and kill him out of
the way. He draws a long breath at this, and sweats a little; for life
is good and death not at all desired. He makes no effort at retort, but
stomachs in silence those words which burn his soul like coals of fire.
What is strange, too, for all their burning, he vaguely finds in them
some chilling touch as of death. He realizes, as much from the grim
fineness of Aaron's manner as from his raw, unguarded words, that he is
ready to carry discussion to the cold verge of the grave.

Son-in-law Hamilton's nature lacks in that bitter drop, so present in
Aaron's, which teaches folk to die but never yield. Wherefore, in his
heart he now shrinks back, afraid to go forward with a situation grown
perilous, albeit he himself provoked it. Saving his credit with ones who
look, if they do not speak, their wonder at his mute tameness, he says
he will talk with General Schuyler concerning what course he shall
pursue. Saying which he gets away from the Fraunces long-room somewhat
abruptly, feathers measurably subdued. Aaron lingers but a moment after
son-in-law Hamilton departs, and then goes his polished, taciturn way.

The incident is a nine-days' food for gossip; wagers are made of a
coming bloody encounter between Aaron and son-in-law Hamilton. Those
lose who accept the sanguinary side; the two meet, but the meeting
is politely peaceful, albeit, no good friendliness, but only a wider
separation is the upcome. The occasion is the work of son-in-law
Hamilton, who is presented by Colonel Troup.

"We should know each other better, Colonel Burr," he observes.

Son-in-law Hamilton seems the smiling picture of an affability that
of itself is a kind of flattery. Aaron bows, while those affable rays
glance from his chill exterior as from an iceberg.

"Doubtless we shall," says he.

Son-in-law Hamilton gets presently down to the serious purpose of his
coming. "General Schuyler," he says gravely, for he ever speaks of his
father-in-law as though the latter were a demi-god--"General Schuyler
would like to meet you; he bids me ask you to come to him."

Colonel Troup is in high excitement. No such honor has been tendered one
of Aaron's youth within his memory. Wholly the courtier, he looks to see
the honored one eagerly forward to go to General Schuyler--that Jove who
not alone controls the local thunderbolts but the local laurels. He is
shocked to his courtierlike core, when Aaron maintains his cold reserve.

"Pardon me, sir!" says Aaron. "Say to General Schuyler that his request
is impossible. I never call on gentlemen at their suggestion and on
their affairs. When I have cause of my own to go to General Schuyler, I
shall go. Until then, if there be reason for our meeting, he must come
to me."

"You forget General Schuyler's age!" returns son-in-law Hamilton. There
is a ring of threat in the tones.

"Sir," responds Aaron stiffly, "I forget nothing. There is an age cant
which I shall not tolerate. I desire to be understood as saying, and you
may repeat my words to whomsoever possesses an interest, that I shall
not in my own conduct consent to a social doctrine which would invest
folk, because they have lived sixty years, with a franchise to patronize
or, if they choose, insult gentlemen whose years, we will suppose, are
fewer than thirty."

"I am sorry you take this view," returns son-in-law Hamilton, copying
Aaron's stiffness. "You will not, I fear, find many to support you in

"I am not looking for support, sir," observes Aaron, pointing the remark
with one of those black ophidian stares. "I do you also the courtesy to
assume that you intend no criticism of myself by your remark."

There is an inflection as though a question is put. Son-in-law Hamilton
so far submits to the inflection as to explain. He intends only to
say that General Schuyler's place in the community is of such high and
honorable sort as to make his request to call upon him a mark of favor.
As to criticism: Why, then, he criticised no gentleman.

There is much profound bowing, and the meeting ends; Colonel Troup, a
trifle aghast, retiring with son-in-law Hamilton, whose arm he takes.

"There could be no agreement with that young man," mutters Aaron,
looking after the retreating Hamilton, "save on a basis of submission to
his leadership. I'll be chief or nothing."

Aaron settles himself industriously to the practice of law. In the
courts, as in everything else, he is merciless. Lucid, indefatigable,
convincing, he asks no quarter, gives none. His business expands;
clients crowd about him; prosperity descends in a shower of gold.

Often he runs counter to son-in-law Hamilton--himself actively in the
law--before judge and jury. When they are thus opposed, each is the
other's match for a careful but wintry courtesy. For all his courtesy,
however, Aaron never fails to defeat son-in-law Hamilton in whatever
litigation they are about. His uninterrupted victories over son-in-law
Hamilton are an added reason for the latter's jealous hatred. He and
his rusty father-in-law become doubly Aaron's foes, and grasp at every
chance to do him harm.

And yet, that antagonism has its compensations. It brings Aaron into
favor with Governor Clinton; it finds him allies among the Livingstons.
The latter powerful family invite him into their politics. He thanks
them, but declines. He is for the law; hungry to make money, he sees no
profit, but only loss in politics.

In his gold-getting, Aaron is marvelously successful; and, as he
rolls up riches, he buys land. Thus one proud day he becomes master of
Richmond Hill, with its lawn sweeping down to the Hudson--Richmond Hill,
where he played slave of the quill to Washington, and suffered in his
vanity from the big general's loftily abstracted pose.

Master of a mansion, Aaron fills his libraries with books and his
cellars with wine. Thus he is never without good company, reading the
one and sipping the other. The faded Theodosia presides over his house;
and, because of her years or his lack of them, her manner toward him
trenches upon the maternal.

The household is a hive of happiness. Aaron, who takes the pedagogue
instinct from sire and grandsire, puts in his leisure drilling the
small Prévost boys in their lessons. He will have them talking Latin and
reading Greek like little priests, before he is done with them. As for
baby Theodosia, she reigns the chubby queen of all their hearts; it is
to her credit not theirs that she isn't hopelessly spoiled.

In his wine and his reading, Aaron's tastes take opposite directions.
The books he likes are heavy, while his best-liked wines are light. He
reads Jeremy Bentham; also he finds comfort in William Godwin and Mary

He adorns his study with a portrait of the lady; which feat in
decoration furnishes the prudish a pang.

These book radicalisms, and his weaknesses for alarming doctrines,
social and political, do not help Aaron's standing with respectable
hypocrites, of whom there are vast numbers about, and who in its fashion
and commerce and politics give the town a tone. These whited sepulchers
of society purse discreet yet condemnatory lips when Aaron's name is
mentioned, and speak of him as favoring "Benthamism" and "Godwinism."
Our dullard pharisee folk know no more of "Benthamism" and "Godwinism"
in their definitions, than of plant life in the planet Mars; but their
manner is the manner of ones who speak of evils tenfold worse than
murder. Aaron pays no heed; neither does he fret over the innuendoes
of these hypocritical ones. He was born full of contempt for men's
opinions, and has fostered and flattered it into a kind of cold passion.
Occupied with the loved ones at Richmond Hill, careless to the point of
blind and deaf of all outside, he seeks only to win lawsuits and pile up
gold. And never once does his glance rove officeward.

This anti-office coolness is all on Aaron's side. He does not pursue
office; but now and again office pursues him. Twice he goes to the
legislature; next, Governor Clinton asks him to become attorney general.
As attorney general he makes one of a commission, Governor Clinton
at its head, which sells five and a half million acres of the State's
public land for $1,030,000. The highest price received is three
shillings an acre; the purchasers number six. The big sale is to
Alexander McComb, who is given a deed for three million six hundred
thousand acres at eight-pence an acre. The public howls over these
surprising transactions in real estate. The popular anger, however, is
leveled at Governor Clinton, he being a sort of Cæsar. Aaron, who dwells
more in the background, escapes unscathed.

While these several matters go forward, the nation adopts a
constitution. Then it elects Washington President, and sets up
government shop in New York. Aaron's part in these mighty doings is the
quiet part. He does not think much of the Constitution, but accepts it;
he thinks less of Washington, but accepts him, too. It is within the
rim of the possible that son-in-law Hamilton, invited into Washington's
Cabinet as Secretary of the Treasury, helps the administration to a
lowest place in Aaron's esteem; for Aaron is a priceless hater, and that
feud is in no degree relaxed.

When the national government is born, the rusty General Schuyler and
Rufus King are chosen senators for New York. The rusty old general, in
the two-handed lottery which ensues, draws the shorter term. This in no
wise weighs upon him; what difference should it make? At the close of
that short term, he will be reëlected for a full term of six years. To
assume otherwise would be preposterous; the rusty old general feels no
such short-term uneasiness.

Washington has two weaknesses: he loves flattery, and he is a bad judge
of men. Son-inlaw Hamilton, because he flatters best, sits highest
in the Washington esteem. He is the right arm of the big Virginian's
administration; also he is quite as confident, as the rusty General
Schuyler, of that latter personage's reelection. Indeed, if he could be
prevailed upon to answer queries so foolish, he would say that, of
all sure future things, the Senate reelection of the rusty general is
surest. Not a cloud of doubt is seen in the skies.

And yet there lives one who, from his place as attorney general, is
watching that Senate seat as a tiger watches its prey. Noiselessly, yet
none the less powerfully, Aaron gathers himself for the spring. Both his
pride and his hate are involved in what he is about. To be a senator is
to wear a proudest title in the land. In this instance, to be a senator
means a staggering blow to that Schuyler-Hamilton tribe whose foe he
is. More; it opens a pathway to the injury of Washington. Aaron would be
even for what long ago war slights the big general put upon him, slights
which he neither forgets nor forgives. He smiles a pale, thin-lipped
smile as he pictures with the eye of rancorous imagination the look
which will spread across the face of Washington, when he hears of the
rusty Schuyler's overthrow, and him who brought that overthrow about.
The smile is quick to die, however, since he who would strip his toga
from the rusty Schuyler must not sit down to dreams and castle building.

Aaron goes silently yet sedulously about his plans. In their execution
he foresees that many will be hurt; none the less the stubborn outlook
does not daunt him. One cannot make omelettes without breaking eggs.

In his coming war with the rusty Schuyler, Aaron feels the need of two
things: he must have an issue, and he must have allies. It is of vital
importance to bring Governor Clinton to the shoulder of his ambitions.
He looks that potentate over with a calculating eye, making a mental
catalogue of his approachable points.

The old governor is of Irish blood and Irish temper. His ancestors were
not the quietest folk in Galway. Being of gunpowder stock, he dearly
loves a foe, and will no more forget an injury than a favor. Aaron
shows the old governor that, in his late election, the Schuyler-Hamilton
interest was slyly behind his opponent Judge Yates, and nearly brought
home victory for the latter.

"You owe General Schuyler," he says, "no help at this pinch. Still less
are you in debt to Hamilton. It was the latter who put Yates in the

"And yet," protests the old governor, inclined to anger, but not quite
convinced--"and yet I saw no signs of either Schuyler or his son-in-law
in the business."

"Sir, that is their duplicity. One so open as yourself would be the last
to discover such intrigues. The young fox Hamilton managed the affair;
in doing so, he moved only in the dark, walked in all the running water
he could find."

What Aaron says is true; in the finish he gives proof of it to the old
governor. At this the latter's Irish blood begins to gather heat.

"It is as you tell me!" he cries at last; "I can see it now! That West
Indian runagate Hamilton was the bug under the Yates chip!"

"And you must not forget, sir, that for every scheme of politics
'Schuyler' and 'Hamilton' are interchangeable."

"You are right! When one pulls the other pushes. They are my enemies,
and I shall not be less than theirs."

The governor asks Aaron what candidate they shall pit against the
rusty Schuyler. Aaron has thus far said nothing of himself in any toga
connection, fearing that the old governor may regard his thirty-six
years as lacking proper gravity. Being urged to suggest a name, he waxes
discreet. He believes, he says, that the Livingstons can be prevailed
upon to come out against the rusty Schuyler, if properly approached.
Such approach might be more gracefully made if no candidate is pitched
upon at this time.

"From your place, sir, as governor," observes the skillful Aaron, "you
could not of course condescend to go in person to the Livingstons. My
position, however, is not so high nor my years so many as are yours; I
need not scruple to take up the matter with them. As to a candidate, I
can go to them more easily if we leave the question open. I could tell
the Livingstons that you would like a suggestion from them on that
point. It would flatter their pride."

The old governor is pleased to regard with favor the reasoning of Aaron.
He remarks, too, that with him the candidate is not important. The main
thought is to defeat the rusty Schuyler, who, with son-in-law Hamilton,
so aforetime played the hypocrite, and pulled treacherous wires against
him, in the hope of compassing his defeat. He declares himself quite
satisfied to let the Livingstons select what fortunate one is to be the
senate successor of the rusty Schuyler. He urges Aaron to wait on the
Livingstons without delay, and discover their feeling.

Aaron confers with the Livingstons, and shows them many things. Mostly
he shows them that, should he himself be chosen senator, it will
necessitate his resignation as attorney general. Also, he makes it
appear that, if the old governor be properly approached, he will name
Morgan Lewis to fill the vacancy. The Livingston eye glistens; the
mother of Morgan Lewis is a Livingston, and the office of attorney
general should match the gentleman's fortunes nicely. Besides, there
are several ways wherein an attorney general might be of much Livingston
use. No, the Livingstons do not say these things. They say instead that
none is more nobly equipped for the rôle of senator than Aaron. Finally,
it is the Livingstons who go back to the old governor. Nor do they find
it difficult to convince him that Aaron is the one surest of defeating
the rusty Schuyler.

"Colonel Burr," say the Livingstons, "has no record, which is another
way of saying that he has no enemies. We deem this most important; it
will lessen the effort required to bring about him a majority of the

The old governor, as Aaron feared, is inclined to shy at the not too
many years of our ambitious one; but after a bit Aaron, as a notion,
begins to grow upon him.

"He has brains, sir," observes the old governor thoughtfully--"he has
brains; and that is of more consequence than mere years. He has double
the intelligence of Schuyler, although he may not count half his age. I
call that to his credit, sir." The chief of the clan-Livingston shares
the Clinton view.

And now takes place a competition in encomium. Between the chief of the
clan-Livingston, and the old governor, so many excellences are ascribed
to Aaron that, did he own but the half, he might call himself a model
for mankind. As for Morgan Lewis, who is a Livingston, the old governor
sees in him almost as many virtues as he perceives in Aaron. He gives
the chief of the clan-Livingston hand and word that, when Aaron steps
out of the attorney generalship, Morgan Lewis shall step in.

Having drawn to his support the two most powerful influences of the
State, Aaron makes search for an issue. He looks into the mouth of the
public, and there it is. Politicians do not make issues, albeit
poets have sung otherwise. Indeed, issues are so much like the poets
themselves that they are born, not made. Every age has its issue; from
it, as from clay, the politicians mold the bricks wherewith they build
themselves into office. The issue is the question which the people ask;
it is to be found only in the popular mouth. That is where Aaron looks
for it, and his quest is rewarded.

The issue, so much demanded of Aaron's destinies, is one of those
big-little questions which now and then arise to agitate the souls of
folk, and demonstrate the greatness of the small. There are twenty-eight
members in the National Senate; and, since it is the first Senate and
has had no predecessor, there exist no precedents for it to guide by.
Also those twenty-eight senators are puffballs of vanity.

On the first day of their first coming together they prove the purblind
sort of their conceit, by shutting their doors in the public's face.
They say they will hold their sessions in secret. The public takes this
action in dudgeon, and begins filing its teeth.

Puffiest among those senate puffballs is the rusty Schuyler. As narrow
as he is arrogant, as dull as vain, his contempt for the herd was
never a secret. As a senator, he declares himself the guardian, not
the servant, of a people too weakly foolish for the safe transaction of
their own affairs.

It is against this self-sufficient attitude of the rusty Schuyler
touching locked senate doors that Aaron wages war. He urges that, in a
republic, but two keys go with government; one is to the treasury, the
other to the jail. He argues that not even a senate will lock a door
unless it be either ashamed or afraid of what it is about.

"Of what is our Senate afraid?" he asks.

"Of what is it ashamed? I cannot answer these questions; the people
cannot answer them. I recommend that those who are interested ask
General Schuyler."

The public puts the questions to the rusty Schuyler. Not receiving an
answer, the public carries the questions to the legislature, where the
Clinton and Livingston influences come sharply to the popular support.

"Shall the Senate lock its door?"

The Clintons say No; the Livingstons say No; the people say No. Under
such overbearing circumstances, the legislature feels driven to say No;
and, as a best method of saying it, elects to the Senate Aaron, who is
a "door-opener," over the rusty Schuyler, who is a "door-closer," by a
majority of thirteen. It is no longer "Aaron Burr," no longer "Colonel
Burr," it is "Senator Burr." The news heaps the full weight of ten years
on the rusty Schuyler. As for son-in-law Hamilton, the blasting word of
it withers and makes sick his heart.


THE shop of government has been moved to Philadelphia. In the brief
space between the overthrow of the rusty Schuyler by Aaron, and
the latter taking his seat, the great ones talk of nothing but that
overthrow. Washington vaguely and Jefferson clearly read in the victory
of Aaron the beginning of a new order. It is extravagantly an hour of
classes and masses; and the most dull does not fail to make out in the
Senate unseating of the rusty but aristocratic Schuyler a triumphant
clutch at power by the masses.

Something of the sort crops up in conversation about the President's
dinner table. The occasion is informal; save for Vice-President Adams,
those present are of the Cabinet. Washington himself brings up the

"It is the strangest news!" says he--"this word of the Senate success of
Colonel Burr."

Then, appealing to Hamilton: "Of what could your folk of New York have
been thinking? General Schuyler is a gentleman of fortune, the head of
one of the oldest families! This Colonel Burr is a young man of small
fortune, and no family at all."

"Sir," breaks in Adams with pompous impetuosity, "you go wide. Colonel
Burr is of the best blood of New England. His grandsire was Jonathan
Edwards; on his father's side the strain is as high. You would look
long, sir, before you discovered one who has a better pedigree."

"Whatever may be the gentleman's pedigree," retorts Hamilton
splenetically, "you will at least confess it to be only a New England

"Only a New England pedigree!" exclaims Adams, in indignant wonder.
"Why, sir, when you say 'The best pedigree in New England,' you have
spoken of the best pedigree in the world!"

"Waiving that," returns Hamilton, "I may at least assure you, sir, that
in New York your best New England pedigree does not invoke the reverence
which you seem to pay it. No, sir; the success of Colonel Burr was the
result of no pedigree. No one cared whether he were the grandson
of Jonathan Edwards or Tom o' Bedlam. Colonel Burr won by lies and
trickery; by the same methods through which a thief might win possession
of your horse. Stripping the subject of every polite veneer of phrase,
the fellow stole his victory." At this harshness Adams looks horrified,
while Jefferson, who has listened with interest, shrugs his wide

Washington appears wondrously impressed. Strong, honest, slow, he is
in no wise keen at reading men. Hamilton--quick, supple, subservient,
a brilliant flatterer--has complete possession of him. He admires
Hamilton, rejoices in him in a large, bland manner of patronage.

[Illustration: 0173]

The pair, in their mutual attitudes, are not unlike a huge mastiff and
some small vivacious, spiteful, half-bred terrier that makes himself
the mastiff's satellite. Terrier Hamilton--brisk, busy, overbearing, not
always honest--rushes hither and yon, insulting one man, trespassing on
another. Let the insulted one but threaten or the injured one pursue, at
once Terrier Hamilton takes skulking refuge behind Mastiff Washington.
And the latter never fails Terrier Hamilton. Blinded by his overweening
partiality, a partiality that has no reason beyond his own innate love
of flattery, Washington ever saves Hamilton blameless, whatever may have
been his evil deeds.

Washington constitutes Hamilton's stock in national trade. In New
York, Hamilton is the rusty Schuyler's son-in-law--heir to his riches,
lieutenant of his name. In the nation at large, however, Hamilton
traffics on that confident nearness to Washington, and his known ability
to pull or haul or lead the big Virginian any way he will. To have
a full-blown President to be your hand gun is no mean equipment,
and Hamilton, be sure, makes the fullest, if not the most honest or
honorable, use of it.

"Now I do not think it was either the noble New England blood of Colonel
Burr, or his skill as a politician, that defeated General Schuyler."

The voice--while not without a note of jeering--is bell-like and deep,
the thoughtful, well-assured voice of Jefferson. Washington glances at
his angular, sandy-haired Secretary of State.

"What was it, then," he asks.

"I will tell you my thought," replies Jefferson. "General Schuyler was
beaten by that very fortune, added to that very headship of a foremost
family, which you hold should have been unanswerable for his election.
The people are reaching out, sir, for the republican rule that is their
right, and which they conquered from England. You know, as well as I,
what followed the peace of Paris in this country. It was not democracy,
but aristocracy. The government has been taken under the self-sufficient
wing of a handful of families, that, having great property rights, hold
themselves forth as heaven-anointed rulers of the land. The people are
becoming aroused to both their powers and their rights. In the going of
General Schuyler and the coming of Colonel Burr, I find nothing worse
than a gratifying notice that American mankind intends to have a voice
in its own government."

"You appear pleased, sir," observes Hamilton bitterly.

"Pleased is but a poor word. It no more than faintly expresses the
satisfaction I feel."

"You amaze me!" interrupts Adams, as much the aristocrat as either
Washington or Hamilton, but of a different tribe. "Do I understand, sir,
that you will welcome the rule of the mob?"

"The 'mob,'" retorts Jefferson, "can be trusted to guard its own
liberty.. The mob won that liberty, sir! Who, then, should be better
prepared to stand sentinel over it? Not a handful of rich snobs, surely,
who, in the arrogant idleness which their money permits, play at caste
and call themselves an American peerage."

"Government by the mob!" gasps Adams, who, in the narrowness of his
New England vanity--honest man!--has passed his life on a self-erected
pedestal. "Government by the mob!"

"And why not, sir?" demands Jefferson sharply. "It is the mob's
government. Who shall contradict the mob's right to control its own?
Have we but shuffled off one royalty to shuffle on another?"

Adams, excellent pig-head, can say no more; besides, he fears the
quick-tongued Secretary of State. Hamilton, too, is heedful to avoid
Jefferson, and, following that democrat's declarations anent mob right
and mob rule, glances with questioning eye at Washington, as though
imploring him to come to the rescue. With this the big President begins
to unlimber complacently.

"Government, my dear Jefferson," he says, wheeling himself like
some great gun into argumentative position, "may be discussed in the
abstract, but must be administered in the concrete. I think a best
picture of government is a shepherd with his flock of sheep. He
finds them a safety and a better pasturage than they could find for
themselves. He is necessary to the sheep, as the sheep are necessary
to him. He can be trusted; since his interest is the interest of the

Jefferson grins a hard, angular grin, in which there is wisdom,
patience, courage, but not one gleam of humor. "I cannot," says he,
"accept your simile of sheep and shepherd as a happy one. The people
of this country are far from being addle-pated sheep. Nor do I find
our self-selected shepherds"--here he lets his glance rove cynically
to Adams and Hamilton--"such profound scientists of civil rule. Your
shepherd is a dictator. This republic--if it is a republic--might more
justly be likened to a company of merchants, equal in interests, who
appoint agents, but retain among themselves the control."

"And yet," observes Hamilton, who can think of nothing but Aaron and his
own hatred for that new senator, "the present question is one, not of
republics or dictatorships, but of Colonel Burr. I know him; know him
well. You will find him a crooked gun."

"It is ten years since I saw him," observes Washington. "I did not like
him; but that was because of a forward impertinence which ill became
his years. Besides, I thought him egotistical, selfish, of no high aims.
That, as I say, was ten years ago; he may have changed vastly for the

"There has been no bettering change, sir," returns Hamilton. His manner
is purring, insinuating, the courtier manner, and conveys the impression
of one who seeks only to protect Washington from betrayal by his own
goodness of heart. "Sir, he is more egotistical, more selfish, than when
you parted from him. I think it my duty, since the gentleman will have
his place in government, to speak plainly. I hold Colonel Burr to be
a veriest firebrand of disorder. None knows better than I the peril
of this man. Bold at once and bad, there is nothing too high for his
ambition to fly at, nothing too low for his intrigue to embrace. He
is both Jack Cade and Cromwell. Like the one, he possesses a sinister
attraction for the vulgar herd; like the other, he would not hesitate
to lead the herd against government itself, in furtherance of his vile

Neither Adams nor Jefferson goes wholly unaffected by these
malignancies; while Washington, whose credulity is measureless when
Hamilton speaks, drinks them in like spring water.

"Well," observes the cautious Jefferson, as closing the discussion, "the
gentleman himself will soon be among us, and fairness, if not prudence,
suggests that we defer judgment on him until experience has given us a
basis for it."

"You will find," says Hamilton, "that he is, as I tell you, but a
crooked gun."

Aaron takes his oath as senator, and sinks into a seat among his
reverend fellows. As he does so he cannot repress a cynical glance about
him--cynical, since he sees more to despise than respect. It is the
opening day of the session. Washington as President, severe, of an
implacable dignity, appears and reads a solemn address. Later,
according to custom, both Senate and House send delegations to wait upon
Washington, and read solemn addresses to him.

His colleagues pitch upon Aaron to prepare the address for the Senate,
since he is supposed to have a genius for phrases. The precious
document in his pocket, Vice-President Adams on his arm, Aaron leads the
Senate delegation to the President's house. They find the big Virginian
awaiting them in the long dining room, which apartment has been
transformed into an audience chamber by the simple expedient of carrying
out the table and shoving back the chairs.

Washington stands near the great fireplace. At his elbow and a step to
the rear, a look of lackey fawning on his face, whispering, beaming,
blandishing, basking, is Hamilton. Utterly the sycophant, wholly the
politician, he holds onto Washington by those before-mentioned tendrils
of flattery, and finds in him a trellis, whereon to climb and clamber
and blossom, wanting which he would fall groveling to the ground. The
big Virginian--and that is the worst of it--is as much led by him as any
blind man by his dog.

Washington has changed as a figure since he and Aaron, on that far-off
day, disagreed touching leaves of absence without pay. Instead of rusty
blue and buff, frayed and stained of weather, he is clad in a suit of
superb black velvet, with black silk stockings and silver buckles. His
hair, white as snow with powder, is gathered behind in a silken bag. In
one of his large hands, made larger by yellow gloves, he holds a cocked
hat--brave with gold braid, cockade, and plume. A huge sword, with
polished steel hilt and white scabbard, dangles by his side. It is in
this notable uniform our President receives the Senate delegation,
Aaron and Vice-President Adams at the head, as it gathers in a formal
half-circle about him.

Being thus happily disposed, Adams in a raucous, pragmatic voice reads
Aaron's address. It is quite as hollow and pointless and vacant of
purpose as was Washington's. Its delivery, however, is loftily heavy,
since the mummery is held a most important element of what tinsel-isms
make up the etiquette of our American court. Save that the audience
chamber is less sumptuous, the ceremony might pass for King George
receiving his ministers, instead of President George receiving a
delegation from the Senate.

No one is more disagreeably aroused by this paltry imitation of royalty
than Aaron. Some glint of his contempt must show in his eyes; for
Hamilton, eager to make the conqueror of the rusty Schuyler as offensive
to Washington as he may, is swift to draw him out.

"Welcome to the Capitol, Senator Burr!" he exclaims, when Adams has
finished. "This, I believe, is your earliest appearance here. I doubt
not you find the opening of our Congress exceedingly impressive."

Since Aaron came into the presence of Washington, he has arrived at
divers decisions which will have effect in the country's story, before
the curtain of time descends and the play of government is played out.
His first feeling is one of angry repugnance toward Washington himself.
He liked him little as a general; he likes him less as a president.

"I shall be no friend to this man," thinks he, "nor he to me."

Aaron tries to believe that his resentment is due to Washington's all
but royal state. In his heart, however, he knows that his wrath is
personal. He reconsiders that discouraging royalty, and puts his feeling
upon more probable grounds.

"I distaste him," he decides, "because he meets no man on level terms.
He places himself on a plane by himself. He looks down to everybody;
everybody must look up to him. He is incapable of friendship, and will
either be guardian or jailer to mankind. He told Putnam I was vain,
conceited. Was there ever such blind vanity as his own? No; he will
be no man's friend--this self-discovered demigod! He does not desire
friends. What he hungers for is adulation, incense. He prefers none
about him save knee-crooking sycophants--like this smirking parasitish

Aaron, while the pompous Adams thunders forth that empty address,
resolves to hold himself aloof from Washington and all who belt him
round. Being in this high mood, he welcomes the opportunity which
Hamilton's remark affords him, to publicly notify those present of his

"It will be as well," he ruminates, "to post, not alone these good
people of Cabinet and Senate, but the royal Washington himself. I shall
let them, and let him, know that I am not to be a follower of this
republican king of ours."

"Yes," repeats Hamilton, with a side glance at Washington, who for the
moment is talking in a courtly way with Adams, "yes; you doubtless
find the opening ceremonies exceedingly impressive. Most newcomers do.
However, it will wear down, sir; the feeling will wear down!" Hamilton
throws off this last with an ineffable air of experience and elevation.

"Sir," returns Aaron, preserving a thin shimmer of politeness, "sir,
by these ceremonies, through which we have romped so deeply to your
gratification, I confess I have been quite as much bored as impressed.
There is something cheap, something antic and senseless to it all--as
though we were sylvan apes! What are these wondrous ceremonies? Why
then, the President 'addresses> the Senate, the Senate 'addresses' the
President; neither says anything, neither means anything, and the whole
exchange comes to be no more than just an empty barter of bad English."
This last, in view of the fact that Aaron himself is the architect of
the address of the Senate, sounds liberal, and not at all conceited. He
goes on: "I must say, sir, that my little dip into government, confined
as it has been to these marvelous ceremonies, leaves me with a poorer
opinion of my country than I brought here. As for the ceremonies
themselves, I should call them now about as edifying as the banging and
the booming of a brace of Chinese gongs."

Washington's brow is red, his eye cold, as he bows a formal leave to
Aaron when he departs with the others. Plainly, the views of the young
successor to the rusty Schuyler, concerning addresses of ceremony, have
not been lost upon him.

"I think," mutters Aaron, icily complacent--"I think I pricked him."


AARON finds a Senate existence inexpressibly dull. He writes his
Theodosia: "There is nothing to do here. Everybody is idle; and, so far
as I see, the one occupation of a senator is to lie sunning himself in
his own effulgence. My colleague, Rufus King, and others I might name,
succeed in that way in passing their days very pleasantly. For
myself, not having their sublime imagination, and being perhaps better
acquainted with my own measure, I find this sitting in the sunshine of
self a failure."

Mindful of his issue, Aaron offers a resolution throwing open the Senate
doors. The Senate, whose notion of greatness is a notion of exclusion,
votes it down. Aaron warns his puffball brothers of the toga:

"Be assured," says he, "you fool no one by such trumpery tricks as this
key-turning. You succeed only in bringing republican institutions
into contempt, and getting yourselves laughed at where you are not

Aaron reintroduces his open-door resolution; in the end he passes it.
Galleries are thrown up in the chamber, and all who will may watch the
Senate as it proceeds upon the transaction of its dignified destinies.
At this but few come; whereupon the Senate feels abashed. It is not, it
discovers, the thrilling spectacle its puffball fancy painted.

Carked of the weariness of doing nothing, Aaron bursts forth with an
idea. He will write a history of the War of the Revolution. He begins
digging among the papers of the State department, tossing the archives
of his country hither and yon, on the tireless horns of his industry.

Hamilton creeps with the alarming tale to Washington. "He speaks
of writing a history, sir," says sycophant Hamilton. "That is mere
subterfuge; he intends a libel against yourself."

Washington brings his thin lips together in a tight, straight line,
while his heavy forehead gathers to a half frown.

"How, sir," he asks, after a pause, "could he libel me? I am conscious
of nothing in my past which would warrant such a thought."

"There is not, sir, a fact of your career that would not, if mentioned,
make for your glory." Hamilton deprecates with delicately outspread
hands as he says this. "That, however, would not deter this Burr, who is
Satanic in his mendacities. Believe me, sir, he has the power of making
fiction look more like truth than truth itself. And there is another
thought: Suppose he were to assail you with some trumped-up story. You
could not come down from your high place to contradict him; it would
detract from you, stain your dignity. That is the penalty, sir"--this
with a sigh of unspeakable adulation--"which men of your utter eminence
have to pay. Such as you are at the mercy of every gutter-bred vilifier;
whatever his charges, you cannot open your mouth."

Aaron hears nothing of this. His first guess of it comes when he is told
by a State department underling that he will no longer be allowed to
inspect and make copies of the papers.

Without wasting words on the underling, Aaron walks in upon Jefferson.
That secretary receives him courteously, but not warmly.

"How, sir," begins Aaron, a wicked light in his eye--"how, sir, am I to
understand this? Is it by your order that the files of the department
are withheld from me?"

"It is not, sir," returns Jefferson, coldly frank. "My own theories of
a citizen and his rights would open every public paper to the inspection
of the meanest. I do not understand government by secrecy."

"By whose order then am I refused?"

"By order of the President."

Aaron ruminates the situation. At last he speaks out: "I must yield,"
he says, "while realizing the injustice done me. Still I shall not soon
forget the incident. You say it is the order of Washington; you are
mistaken, sir. It is not the lion but his jackal that has put this
affront upon me."

Idle in the Senate, precluded from collecting the materials for that
projected history, Aaron discovers little to employ himself about in
Philadelphia. Not that he falls into stagnation; for his business of
the law, and his speculations in land take him often to New York. His
trusted Theodosia is his manager of business, and when he cannot go to
New York she meets him half way in Trenton.

Aside from his concerns of law and land, Aaron devotes a deal of thought
to little Theodosia--child of his soul's heart! In his pride, he hurries
her into Horace and Terence at the age of ten; and later sends her
voyaging to Troy with Homer, and all over the world with Herodotus. Nor
is this the whole tale of baby Theodosia's evil fortunes. She is taught
French, music, drawing, dancing, and whatever else may convey a glory
and a gloss. Love-led, pride-blinded, Aaron takes up the rôle of father
in its most awful form.

"Believe me, my dear," he says to Theodosia mere, who pleads for an
educational leniency--"believe me, I shall prove in our darling that
women have souls, a psychic fact which high ones have been heard to

At the age of twelve, the book-burdened little Theodosia translates
the Constitution into French at Aaron's request; at sixteen, she finds
celebration as the most learned of her sex since Voltaire's Emilie.
Theodosia mere, however, is spared the spectacle of her baby's harrowing
erudition, for in the middle of Aaron's term as senator death carries
her away.

With that loss, Aaron is more and more drawn to baby Theodosia; she
becomes his earth, his heaven, and stands for all his tenderest hopes.
While she is yet a child, he makes her the head of Richmond Hill,
and gives a dinner of state, over which she presides, to the limping
Talleyrand, and Volney with his "Ruins of Empire." For all her
precocities, and that hothouse bookishness which should have spoiled
her, baby Theodosia blossoms roundly into womanhood--beautiful as

While Aaron finds little or nothing of public sort to engage him, he
does not permit this idleness to shake his hold of politics. Angry
with the royalties of Washington, he drifts into near if not intimate
relations with the arch-democrat Jefferson. Aaron and the loose-framed
secretary are often together; and yet never on terms of confidence
or even liking. They are in each other's society because they
go politically the same road. Fellow wayfarers of politics, with
"Democracy" their common destination, they are fairly compelled into
one another's company. But there grows up no spirit of comradeship, no
mutual sentiment of admiration and trust.

Aaron's feelings toward Jefferson, and the sources of them, find setting
forth in a conversation which he holds with his new disciple, Senator
Andrew Jackson, who has come on from his wilderness home by the

"It is not that I like Jefferson," he explains, "but that I dislike
Washington and Hamilton. Jefferson will make a splendid tool to destroy
the others with; I mean to use him as the instrument of my vengeance."

Jefferson, when speaking of Aaron to the wooden Adams, is neither so
full nor so frank. The Bay State publicist has again made mention of
that impressive ancestry which he thinks is Aaron's best claim to public
as well as private consideration.

"You may see evidence of his pure blood," concludes the wooden one, "in
his perfect, nay, matchless politeness."

 "He is matchlessly polite, as you say," assents Jefferson; "and yet I
cannot fight down the fear that his politeness has lies in it."

The days drift by, and Minister Gouverneur Morris is recalled from
Paris. Washington makes it known to the Senate that he will adopt any
name it suggests for the vacancy. The Senate decides upon Aaron; a
committee goes with that honorable suggestion to the President.

Washington hears the committee with cloudy surprise. He is silent for a
moment; then he says:

"Gentlemen, your proposal of Senator Burr has taken me unawares. I must
crave space for consideration; oblige me by returning in an hour."

The senators who constitute the committee retire, and Washington seeks
his jackal Hamilton.

"Appoint Colonel Burr to France!" exclaims Hamilton. "Sir, it would
shock the best sentiment of the country! The man is an atheist, as
immoral as irreligious. If you will permit me to say so, sir, I should
give the Senate a point-blank refusal."

"But my promise!" says Washington.

"Sir, I should break a dozen such promises, before I consented to
sacrifice the public name, by sending Colonel Burr to France. However,
that is not required. You told the Senate that you would adopt its
suggestion; you have now only to ask it to make a second suggestion."

"The thought is of value," responds Washington, clearing. "I am free to
say, I should not relish turning my back on my word."

The committee returns, and is requested to give the Senate the
"President's compliments," and say that he will be pleased should that
honorable body submit another name. Washington is studious to avoid any
least of comment on the nomination of Aaron.

The committee is presently in Washington's presence for the third time,
with the news that the Senate has no name other than Aaron's for the
French mission.

"Then, gentlemen," exclaims Washington, his hot temper getting the
reins, "please report to the Senate that I refuse. I shall send no one
to France in whom I have not confidence; and I do not trust Senator

"What blockheads!" comments Aaron, when he hears. "They will one day
wish they had gotten rid of me, though at the price of forty missions."

[Illustration: 0197]

The wooden Adams is elected President to succeed Washington. Aaron's
colleague, Rufus King, offers a resolution of compliment and thanks
to the retiring one, extolling his presidential honesty and patriotic
breadth. A cold hush falls upon the Senate, when Aaron takes the floor
on the resolution.

Aaron's remarks are curt, and to the barbed point. He cannot, he says,
bring himself to regard Washington's rule as either patriotic or broad.
That President throughout has been subservient to England, who was our
tyrant, is our foe. Equally he has been inimical to France, who was our
ally, is our friend. More; he has subverted the republic and made of
it a monarchy with himself as king, wanting only in those unimportant
embellishments of scepter, throne, and crown. He, Aaron, seeking
to protest against these almost treasons, shall vote against the

The Senate sits aghast. Aaron's respectable colleague, Rufus King,
cannot believe his Tory ears. At last he totters to his shocked feet.

"I am amazed at the action of my colleague!" he exclaims. "I----"

Before he can go further, Aaron is up with an interruption. "It is my
duty," says Aaron, "to warn the senior senator from New York that he
must not permit his amazement at my action to get beyond his control. I
do not like to consider the probable consequences, should that amazement
become a tax upon my patience; and even he, I think, will concede
the impropriety, to give it no sterner word, of allowing it any
manifestation personally offensive to myself."

As Aaron delivers this warning, so dangerous is the impression he throws
off, that it first whitens and then locks the condemnatory lips of
colleague King. That statesman, rocking uneasily on his feet, waits a
moment after Aaron is done, and then takes his seat, swallowing at a
gulp whatever remains unsaid of his intended eloquence. The roll is
called; Aaron votes against that resolution of confidence and thanks,
carrying a baker's dozen of the Senate with him, among them the lean,
horse-faced Andrew Jackson from the Cumberland.

Washington bows his adieus to the people, and retires to Mount Vernon.
Adams the wooden becomes President, while Jefferson the angular wields
the Senate gavel as Vice-President. Hamilton is more potent than
ever; for Washington at Mount Vernon continues the strongest force in
government, and Hamilton controls that force. Adams is President in
nothing save name; Hamilton--fawning upon Washington, bullying Adams and
playing upon that wooden one's fear of not succeeding himself--is the
actual chief magistrate.

As Aaron's term nears its end, he decides that he will not accept
reelection. His hatred of Hamilton has set iron-hand, and he is resolved
for that scheming one's destruction. His plans are fashioned; their
execution, however, is only possible in New York. Therefore, he will
quit the Senate, quit the capital.

"My plans mean the going of Adams, as well as the going of Hamilton,"
he says to Senator Jackson from the Cumberland, when laying bare his
purposes. "I do not leave public life for good. I shall return; and on
that day Jefferson will supplant Adams, and I shall take the place of

"And Hamilton?" asks the Cumberland one.

"Hamilton the defeated shall be driven into the wilderness of
retirement. Once there, the serpents of his own jealousies and envies
may be trusted to sting him to death."


AARON tells his friends that he will not go back to the Senate. He puts
this resolution to retire on the double grounds of young Theodosia's
loneliness and a consequent paternal necessity of his presence at
Richmond Hill, and the tangled condition of his business; which last
after the death of Theodosia mère falls into a snarl. Never, by the
lifting of an eyelash or the twitching of a lip, does he betray any
corner of his political designs, or of his determination to destroy
Hamilton. His heart is a furnace of white-hot throbbing hate against
that gentleman of diagonal morals and biased veracities; but no sign of
the fires within is visible on the arctic exterior.

Polite, on ceaseless guard, Aaron even becomes affable when Hamilton
is mentioned. He goes so far with his strategy, indeed, as to imitate
concern in connection with the political destinies of the rusty
Schuyler, now exceedingly on the shelf. Aaron has the rusty Schuyler
down from his shelved retirement, brushes the political dust from his
cloak, and declares that, in a spirit of generosity proper in a young
community toward an old, tried, even if rusty servant, the State ought
to send the rusty one to fill the Senate seat which he, Aaron, is giving
up. To such a degree does he work upon the generous sensibilities
of mankind, that the rusty Schuyler is at once unanimously chosen to
reassume those honors which he, Aaron, stripped from him six years

Hamilton falls into a fog; he cannot understand the Aaronian liberality.
Aaron's astonishing proposal, to return the rusty one to the Senate,
smells dangerously like a Greek and a gift. In the end, however,
Hamilton's enormous vanity gets the floor, and he decides that
Aaron--courage broken--is but cringing to win the Hamilton friendship.

"That is it," he explains to President Adams. "The fellow has lost
heart. This is his way of surrendering, and begging for peace."

There are others as hopelessly lost in mists of amazement over Aaron's
benevolence as is Hamilton; one is Aaron's closest friend Van Ness.

"Schuyler for the Senate!" he exclaims. "What does that mean?"

"It means," whispers Aaron, with Machiavellian slyness, "that I want to
get rid of the old dotard here. I am only clearing the ground, sir!"

"And for what?"

"The destruction of Hamilton."

As Aaron speaks the hated name it is like the opening of a furnace door.
One is given a flash of the flaming tumult within. Then the door closes;
all is again dark, passionless, inscrutable.

Aaron runs his experienced eye along the local array. The Hamilton
forces are in the ascendant. Jay is governor; having beaten
North-of-Ireland Clinton, who was unable to explain how he came to sell
more than three millions of the public's acres to McComb for eightpence.

And yet, for all that supremacy of the Hamilton influence--working
out its fortunes with the cogent name of Washington--Aaron's practiced
vision detects here and there the seams of weakness. Old Clinton is as
angry as any sore-head bear over that gubernatorial beating, which he
lays to Hamilton. The clan-Livingston is sulking among its hills because
its chief, the mighty chancellor, was kept out of the President's
cabinet by the secret word of Hamilton--whose policies are ever jealous
and double-jointed. Aaron, wise in such coils, sees all about him the
raw materials wherefrom may be constructed a resistless opposition to
the Party-of-things-as-they-are--which is the party of Hamilton.

One thing irks the pride of Aaron--a pride ever impatient and ready
for mutiny. In dealing with the Livingstons and the Clintons, these
gentry--readily eager indeed to take their revenges with the help of
Aaron--never omit a patrician attitude of overbearing importance. They
make a merit of accepting Aaron's aid, and proceed on the assumption
that he gains honor by serving them. Aaron makes up his mind to remedy

"I must have a following," says he. "I will call about me every free
lance in the political hills. There shall be a new clan born, of which
I must be the Rob Roy. Like another McGregor, I with my followers shall
take up position between the Campbell and the Montrose--the Clintons and
the Livingstons. By threatening one with the other, I can then control
both. Given a force of my own, the high-stomached Livingstons and the
obstinate Clintons must obey me. They shall yet move forward or fall
back, march and countermarch by my word."

When Aaron sets up as a Rob Roy of politics, he is not compelled to
endless labors in constructing a following. The thing he looks for lies
ready to his hand. In the long-room of Brom Martling's tavern, at Spruce
and Nassau, meets the "Sons of Tammany or the Columbian Order." The name
is overlong, and hard to pronounce unless sober; wherefore the "Sons of
Tammany or the Columbian Order," as they sit swigging Brom Martling's
cider, call themselves the "Bucktails."

The aristocracy of the Revolution--being the officers--created
unto themselves the Cincinnati. Whereupon, the yeomanry of the
Revolution--being the privates--as a counterpoise to the perfumed, not
to say gilded Cincinnati, brought the Sons of Tammany or the Columbian
Order, otherwise the Bucktails, into being.

The Bucktails, good cider-loving souls, are solely a charitable-social
organization, and have no dreams of politics. Aaron becomes one of
them--quaffing and exalting the Martling cider. He takes them up into
the mountaintop of the possible, and shows them the kingdoms of the
political world and the glories thereof. Also, he points out that
Hamilton, the head of the hated Cincinnati, is turning that organization
of perfume and purple into a power. The Bucktails hear, see, believe,
and resolve under the chiefship of Aaron to fight their loathed rivals,
the Cincinnati, in every ensuing battle of the ballots to the end of

The word that Aaron has brought the Buck-tails to political heel is not
long in making the rounds. It is worth registering that so soon as the
Clintons and the Livingstons learn the political determinations of this
formidable body of cider drinkers--with Aaron at its head--they conduct
themselves toward our young exsenator with profoundest respect. They
eliminate the overbearing element in their attitudes, and, when they
would confer with him, they go to him not he to them. Where before they
declared their intentions, they now ask his consent. It falls out as
Aaron forethreatened. Our Rob Roy at the head of his bold Bucktails is
sought for and deferred to by both the Clintons and the Livingstons--the
Campbell and the Montrose.

Some philosopher has said that there are three requisites to successful
war: the first gold, the second gold, the third gold. That deep one
might have said the same of politics. Now, when he dominates his Tammany
Bucktails--who obey him with shut eyes--and has brought the perverse
Clintons and the stiff-necked Livingstons beneath his thumb, Aaron
considers the question of the sinews of war. Politics, as a science,
has already so far progressed that principle is no longer sufficient to
insure success. If he would have a best ballot-box expression, he must
pave the way with money. The reasons thereof cry out at him from all
quarters. There is such a commodity as a campaign. No one is patriotic
enough to blow a campaign fife or beat a campaign drum for fun. Torches
are not a gift, but a purchase; neither does Mart-ling's cider flow
without a price. Aaron, considering this ticklish puzzle of money, sees
that his plans as well as his party require a bank.

There are two banks in the city, only two; these are held in the hollow
of the Hamilton hand. Under the Hamilton pressure these banks act
coercively. They make loans or refuse them, as the applicant is or is
not amenable to the Hamilton touch. Obedience to Hamilton, added to
security even somewhat mildewed, will obtain a loan; while rebellion
against Hamilton, plus the best security beneath the commercial sun,
cannot coax a dollar from their strong boxes.

Aaron resolves to bring about a break in these iron-bound conditions.
The best forces of the town are thereby held in chains to Hamilton.
Aaron must free these forces before they can leave Hamilton and follow
him. How is this freedom to be worked out? Construct another bank?
It presents as many difficulties as making a new north star. Hamilton
watches the bank situation with the hundred eyes of Argus; every effort
to obtain a charter is knocked on the head.

Those armed experiences, which overtook Aaron as he went from Quebec to
Monmouth, and from Monmouth to the Westchester lines, left him full
of war knowledge. He is deep in the art of surprise, ambuscade, flank
movement, night attack; and now he brings this knowledge to bear. To
capture a bank charter is to capture the Hamilton Gibraltar, and,
while all but impossible of accomplishment, it will prove conclusive if
accomplished. Aaron wrinkles his brows and racks his wits for a way.

Gradually, like the power-imp emerging from Aladdin's bottle, a scheme
begins to take shape before his mental eye. Yellow fever has been
reaping a shrouded harvest in the town. The local wiseacres--as
usual--lay it to the water. Everybody reveres science; and, while
everybody knows full well that science is nothing better than just the
accepted ignorance of to-day, still everybody is none the less on his
knees to it, and to the wiseacres, who are its high priests. Science and
the wiseacres lay yellow fever to the water; the kneeling town, taking
the word from them, does the same. The local water is found guilty; the
popular cry goes up for a purer element. The town demands water that is
innocent of homicidal qualities.

It is at this crisis that Aaron gravely steps forward. He talks of
Yellow Jack and unfurls a proposal. He will form a water company; it
shall be called "The Manhattan Company."

With "No more yellow fever!" for a war-cry, Aaron lays siege to Albany.
What he wants is incorporation, what he seeks is a charter. With
the fear of yellow fever curling about their heart roots, the
Albany authorities--being the Hamilton Governor Jay and a Hamilton
Legislature--comply with his demands. The Manhattan Company is
incorporated, capital two millions.

Aaron goes home with the charter. Carrying out the charter--which
authorizes a water company--he originates a modest well near the City
Hall. It is not a big well, and might with its limpid output no more
than serve the thirst of what folk belong with any city block.

Well complete and in operation, the Manhattan Company abruptly opens a
bank, vastly bigger than the well. Also, the bank possesses a feature in
this; it is anti-Hamilton.

Instantly, every man or institution that nurses a dislike for Hamilton
takes his or its money to the Manhattan Bank. It is no more than a
matter of days when the new bank, in the volume of its business and
the extent of its deposits, overtops those banks which fly the Hamilton
flag. And Aaron, the indefatigable, is in control. At the new
Manhattan Bank, he turns on or shuts off the flow of credit, as Brom
Mart-ling--spigot-busy in the thirsty destinies of the Bucktails--turns
on or shuts off the flow of his own cider.

After the first throe of Hamiltonian horror, Governor Jay sends his
attorney general. This dignitary demands of Aaron by what authority
his Manhattan Company thus hurls itself upon the flanks of a surprised
world, in the wolfish guise of a bank? The company was to furnish the
world with water; it is now furnishing it with money, leaving it to fill
its empty water buckets at the old-time spouts. Also, it has turned its
incorporated back on yellow fever, as upon a question in which interest
is dead.

The Jay attorney general puts these queries to Aaron, who replies with
the charter. He points with his slim forefinger; and the Jay attorney
general--first polishing his amazed spectacles--reads the following

"The surplus capital may be employed in any way not inconsistent with
the laws and Constitution of the United States or of the State of New

The Jay attorney general gulps a little; his learned Adam's apple goes
up and down. When the aforesaid clause is lodged safe inside his mental
stomach, Aaron assists digestion with an explanation. It is short, but
lucidly sufficient.

"The Manhattan Company, having completed its well and acting within the
authority granted by the clause just read, has opened with its surplus
capital the Manhattan Bank."

The Jay attorney general stares blinkingly, like an owl at noon.

"And you had the bank in mind from the first!" he cries.

"Possibly," says Aaron.

"Let me tell you one thing, Colonel Burr," and the Jay attorney general
cracks and snaps his teeth in quite an owlish way; "if the authorities
at Albany had guessed your purpose, you would never have received
your charter. No, sir; your prayer for incorporation would have been

"Possibly!" says Aaron.

All these divers and sundry preparational matters, the subjection of the
Clintons and the Livingstons, the political alignment of the Buck-tails
swigging their cider at Martlings, and the launching of the Manhattan
Bank to the yellow end that a supply of gold be assured, have in their
accomplishment taken time. It is long since Aaron looked in at the
Federal capitol, where the Hamilton-guided Adams is performing as
President, with all those purple royalties which surrounded Washington,
and Jefferson is abolishing ruffles, donning pantaloons, introducing
shoelaces, cutting off his cue, and playing the democrat Vice-President
at the other end of government. Aaron resolves upon a visit to these
opposite ones. Jefferson must be his candidate; Adams will be the
candidate of the foe. He himself is to manage for the one, while
Hamilton will lead for the other. Such the situation, he holds it the
part of a cautious sagacity to glance in at these worthies, pulling
against one another, and discover to what extent and in what manner
their straining and tugging may be used to make or mar the nation's
future. Hamilton is to be destroyed. To annihilate him a battle must be
fought; and Aaron, preparing for that strife, is eager to discover aught
in the present conduct or standing of either Adams or Jefferson which
can be molded into bullets to bring down the enemy.

Aaron's friend Van Ness goes with him, sharing his seat in the coach.
Some worth-while words ensue. They begin by talking of Hamilton; as
talk proceeds, Aaron gives a surprising hint of the dark but unsuspected
bitterness of his feeling--a feeling which goes beyond politics, as the
acridities of that savage science are understood and recognized.

Van Ness is wonder-smitten.

"Your enmity to Hamilton," he says tentatively, "strikes deeper then
than mere politics."

"Sir," returns Aaron slowly, the old-time black, ophidian sparkle
flashing up in his eyes, "the deepest sentiment of my nature is my
hatred for that man. Day by day it grows upon me. Also, it is he who
furnishes the seed and the roots of it. Everywhere he vilifies me. I
hear it east, north, west, south. I am his mania--his 'phobia'. In his
slanderous mouth I am 'liar,' 'thief,' and 'scoundrel rogue.' In such
connection I would have you to remember that I, on my side, give him,
and have given him, the description of a gentleman."

"To be frank, sir," returns Van Ness thoughtfully, "I know every word
you speak to be true, and have often wondered that you did not parade
our epithetical friend at ten paces, and refute his mendacities with
convincing lead."

Aaron's look is hard as granite. There is a moment of silence. "Kill
him!" he says at last, as though repeating a remark of his companion;
"kill him! Yes; that, too, must come! But it must not come too soon for
my perfect vengeance! First I shall uproot him politically; every hope
he has shall die! I shall thrust him from his high places! When he
lies prone, broken, powerless!--when he is spat upon by those in whose
one-time downcast, servile presence he strutted lord paramount!--when
his past is scoffed at, his future swallowed up!--when his word is
laughed at and his fame become a farce!--then, when every fang of
defeat pierces and poisons him, then I say should be the hour to talk of
killing! That hour is not yet. I am a revengeful man, Van Ness--I am an
artist of revenge! Believing as I do that with the going of the breath,
all goes!--that for the Man there is no hereafter as there has been no
past!--I must garner my vengeance on earth or forever lose it. So I take
pains with my vengeance; and having, as I tell you, a genius for it, my
vengeful pains shall find their dark and full-blown harvest. Hamilton,
for whom my whole heart flows away in hate!--I shall build for him a
pyramid of misery while he lives; and I shall cap that pyramid with his
death--his grave! I can see, as one who looks down a lane, what lies
before. I shall take from him every scrap of that power which is his
soul's food--strip him of each least fragment of position! When he has
nothing left but life, I'll wrest that from him. Long years after he is
gone I'll walk this earth; and I shall find a joy in his absence, and
the thought that by my hand and my will he was made to go, beyond what
the friendship of man or the favor of woman could bring me. Kill him!
There is a grist in the hopper of my purposes, friend, and the mill
stones of my plans are grinding!"

Aaron does not look at Van Ness as he thus brings the secrets of his
soul to the light of day, but wears the manner of one preoccupied and in
the spell of self. Van Ness shudders as he listens; and, while the slow
words follow one another in hateful swart procession, a chill creeps
over him, as from the evil monstrous nearness of something elemental,
abnormal, fearsome. A sweat breaks out on his face. Neither his wits nor
his tongue can frame remark for either good or ill. The brooding Aaron
seems not to notice, but falls into a black muse.


IT is the era of bad feeling, and the breasts of men are reservoirs of
poison. Jefferson and Adams, while known admitted rivals, deplore these
wormwood conditions and strive against them. It is as though they strove
against the tides; party lines were never more fiercely drawn. Some
portrait of the hour may be found in the following:

Adams gives a dinner; and, because he cannot get over the Jonathan
Edwards emanation of Aaron, he invites him. Also, Van Ness being with
Aaron, the invitation includes Van Ness. Hamilton and Jefferson will be
there; since it is one of the hypocritical affectations of these good
people to keep up a polite appearance of friendship, by way of example,
if not rebuke, to warring followers, who are hopefully fighting duels
and shedding blood and taking life in their interests. On the way to the
President's house Van Ness, to whom Adams is new, queries Aaron:

"What sort of a man is Adams?"

"He is an honest, pragmatic, hot-tempered thick-skull," says Aaron--"a
New England John Bull!--a masculine Mrs. Malaprop whom Sheridan would
love. You can have no better description of him than was given me but
yesterday by a member of his Cabinet. 'Adams,' says the cabineteer,
'is a man who whether sportful, witty, kind, cold, drunk, sober, angry,
easy, stiff, jealous, careless, cautious, confident, close or open, is
so always in the wrong place and with the wrong man!'"

"Is he a good executive?"

"Bad! By nature he is no more in touch with the spirit of a democracy
than with the maritime policies of the Ptolemies. His pet picture of
government is England, with the one amendment that he would call the
king a president. As to his executive labors: why, then, he touches only
to disarrange, talks only to disturb. And all without meaning to do so."

The dinner is neither large nor formal. Aaron sits on the right hand of
Adams, while Jefferson has Van Ness and Hamilton at either elbow. In the
cross fire of conversation comes the following: The topic is government.

"Speaking of the British constitution," says Adams, "purge that
constitution of its corruption, and give to its popular branch equality
of representation, and it would be the most perfect constitution ever
devised by the wit of man."

Hamilton cocks his ear. "Sir," says he, "purge the British constitution
of its corruption, and give to its popular branch equality of
representation, and it would become an impracticable government. As
it stands at present, with all its supposed defects, it is the most
powerful government that ever existed."

Presently, the currents of converse shift, and the torrid heats of party
are considered. It is now that Jefferson is heard from.

"The situation is deplorable!" he exclaims. "You and I, sir"--looking
across at Adams--"have seen warm debates and high political passions.
But gentlemen of different politics would then speak to each other, and
separate the business of the Senate from that of society. It is not
so now. Men who have been intimate all their lives cross the street to
avoid meeting, and turn their heads another way lest they be obliged
to touch their hats. Men's passions are boiling over; and one who keeps
himself cool, and clear of the contagion, is so far below the point of
ordinary conversation that he finds himself socially cast away. More;
there is a moral breaking down. The interruption of letters is becoming
so notorious"--here he looks hard at Hamilton, whose followers are
supposed to peep into letters not addressed to them--"that I am forming
a resolution of declining correspondence with my friends through the
channels of the post office altogether."

Even during Aaron's short stay at the Capitol, fresh fuel is heaped upon
the fires of his Hamilton hates. A cloud blows up in the sky; war
with France is threatened. Washington at Mount Vernon is commissioned
commander in chief; Hamilton--the active--is placed next to him. Aaron's
name, sent in for a general's commission, is secretly vetoed by Hamilton
whispering in the Adams ear.

Adams does not like the veto; he thinks he should name Aaron, and says

"If you do," declares Hamilton warningly, "it will defeat your

Adams groans and gives way. It is the argument wherewith Hamilton never
fails to drive him or curb him as he will. Aaron hears of this new
offense; he says nothing, but lays it away with the others.

Candidate Jefferson and Manager Aaron are far apart in their hopes
and fears, the former taking the gloomy view. They come together

"I have looked over the field," says Jefferson, "and we are already

"Sir," returns Aaron with grim point, "you should look again. I think
you see things wrong end up."

"My hatred of Hamilton," observes Aaron to Van Ness, as their coach
rolls north for home, "is the good fortune of Jefferson. I shall be
fighting my own fight, and so I shall win. If I were fighting only for
Jefferson, I can well see how the strife might have another upcome."

[Illustration: 0223]

The campaign draws down; it is Adams against Jefferson, Federal against
Republican. Hamilton leaves the seat of government, and comes to New
York to take personal charge. At that his designs are Janus-faced. He
says "Adams," but he means "Pinckney." He foresees that, if Adams be
given another term, he will defy control. Wherefore he is publicly for
Adams, and privately for Pinckney--he looks at Massachusetts but
sees only South Carolina. This collision of pretense and purpose, on
Hamilton's false part, gets vastly in the Federal way. That it should
do so will instantly occur to curious ones, if they will but seek to go
south by heading north.

As Hamilton sets out to take presidential possession of New York, he
has no misgivings. He knows little or nothing of Aaron's designs or what
that ingenious gentleman has been about.

"There is the Manhattan Bank of course; but what can it do? There are
the Bucktails--who are vulgar clods! There are the Livingstons and the
Clintons--he has beaten them before!"

Thus run the reflections of the confident Hamilton. No; he sees only
triumph ahead. He gives Aaron and his candidate Jefferson--with their
borrel issue of Alien and Sedition--not half the thought that he devotes
to ways and means by which he hopes finally to steal the electors from
Adams, and produce Pinckney in the White House. That is Hamilton's dream
of power--Pinckney!

Everything pivots on the legislature; since it is the legislature which
will select the electors.

Hamilton, bearing in mind his intended steal of the State, prepares his
list of candidates for Albany. He does not pick them for either wisdom
or moral worth; what he is after are legislators whom he can certainly
manhandle to match his designs, and who will give him electors--he
himself will furnish the names--of a Pinckney not an Adams complexion.
He makes up his slate to that treasonable end; and the swift Aaron gets
a copy before the ink is dry.

Aaron smiles when he runs down the ignoble muster of Hamilton's boneless

"They are the least in the town!" he mutters. "I shall pit against them
the town's greatest."

Aaron with his Bucktails, now makes ready his own legislative ticket.
At the head he places old North-of-Ireland Clinton--a local Whittington,
ten times governor of the State. General Gates--for whom Aaron, when
time was, plotted the downfall of Washington, and who received the sword
of the vanquished Burgoyne and sent that popinjay back to England to
fail at play-writing--comes next. After General Gates the wily Aaron
writes "Samuel Osgood"--who was Washington's postmaster general--"Henry
Rutgers, Elias Neusen, Thomas Storms, George Warner, Philip Arcularius,
James Hunt, Ezekiel Robbins, Brockholst Livingston, and John
Swartwout"--every name a tower of strength.

Hamilton cannot repress a flutter of fear as he reads the noble roster;
but his unflagging vanity, which serves him instead of a more reasonable
optimism, rushes to his rescue. None the less it jars on him a bit
strangely, albeit, he laughs at it for a jest, that the best regarded
of the town should make up the ticket of the yeomanry and the
crude Bucktails, while the aristocratical Federals and the
equally aristocratical Cincinnati--that coterie of perfume and
patricianism!--search the gutters for theirs.

Seeing himself on the Jefferson ticket, old North-of-Ireland Clinton
makes trouble. He sends for Aaron and his committee, and notifies them
that he cannot consent to run.

"If you, Colonel Burr, were the candidate," he says, "I should run
gladly; but Jefferson I hate."

In his hope's heart, old North-of-Ireland Clinton---who, for all his
North-of-Ireland blood, was born in America--thinks he himself may be
struck by the presidential lightning, and does not intend to place any
deflecting obstruction in the path of such descending bolt.

Aaron has forestalled the Clinton refusal in his thoughts, and is not
surprised by the high Clintonian attitude. He tries persuasion; the
old ex-governor and would-be president only plants himself more firmly.
Under no circumstances shall he agree to run; his honored name must not
be used.

It is now that Aaron shows his teeth: "Governor Clinton," says he, "when
it comes to that, our committee's appearance before you, preferring the
request that you run, is a ceremony rather of courtesy than need. With
the last word, regardless of either your plans or your preferences, the
public we represent is perfect in its right to name you, and compel you
to run. And, sir, making short what might become long, and so saving
time for us all, I must now notify you that, should you continue to
withhold your consent, we stand already determined to retain and use
your name despite refusal, as a course entirely within the lines of
popular right."

In the looks and tones of Aaron, the old North-of-Ireland governor
reads decision not to be revoked, and for once in his obstinate life
surrenders gracefully.

"Gentlemen," says he, with a bland wave of the hand to Aaron and his
Bucktail committee, "since you put it in that way, refusal is out of
my power. Also let me add, that no man could take a nomination from a
higher, a more honorable, a more patriotic source."

The campaign, on in earnest, goes forward with a roar. Not a screaming
item is omitted. Guns boom; flags flaunt; bands of music bray; gay
processions go marching; crackers splutter and snap; orators with iron
throats sweep down on spellbound crowds in gales of red-faced eloquence;
flaming rockets, when the sun goes down, streak the night with fire; the
bold Buck-tails, cidered to the brim, cause Brom Martling's long-room
to ring again, and make the intersection of Spruce and Nassau a Bedlam

This is well; yet Aaron desires more. The issue is Alien and Sedition;
he yearns for an overt expression of what villain work may be done by
that black statute.

Aaron's strength, as a captain of politics, lies in his intuitive
knowledge of men. He is never popular--never loved while ever admired.
Men may no more love him than they may love a diamond, or a Damascus
sword blade, or a tallest, sun-kissed, snow-capped mountain peak. Still
that innate grasp of men, and what motives will move them, is as an
edged tool in his hands wherewith to carve out triumph. This gift of
man-reading comes in play when now he would exhibit Alien and Sedition
in its baleful workings.

There is a Judge Yates; his home is in Otsego. As though he had builded
him, Aaron is aware of Yates in his elements. That honest man is of your
natural-born martyrs. Is there a headsman's block, there he lays his
neck; given a scaffold, he instantly mounts it; into every pillory he
thrusts his head and hands, into every stocks his heels; by every stake
he takes his stand as soon as it is put up; and he would sooner meet a
despot than a friend. And yet--to defend Yates--that bent for martyrdom
is nothing less than a bent to be noble; for a martyr is but a hero
reversed. The two are brothers; a hero is only a martyr who succeeds, a
martyr only a hero who fails.

Aaron sends for the oppression-thirsty Yates. "Here is a pamphlet
flaying Adams," says he. "It is raw and ferocious. Take it home and
circulate it."

"Why?" asks Yates.

"Because the Federalists will arrest you. They are fools enough to do

"Doubtless!"--this dryly. "But what advantage do you discover in having
me locked up?"

"Man! can't you see? It will illustrate their tyranny! Your seizure
will be on a United States warrant. That means they must bring you
from Otsego to New York. Think what a triumph that should be--you, the
paraded victim of the monarchical Adams!"

Yates goes home to Otsego with a gay, elate heart, and publishes Aaron's
blood-raw pamphlet. He is seized and paraded, as the astute Aaron has
foreseen. The flocking farmers fringe the captive's line of march. Yates
is a martyr, and makes his journey through double ranks of sympathy for
himself and curses for the despotic Adams. The martyrdom of Yates is
worth a thousand votes.

"It is the difference between the eye and the ear," says Aaron to
his aide, Swartwout. "You might explain the iniquities of Alien and
Sedition, and never rouse the people. Show them those iniquities, and
they take fire. It is quite natural enough. I tell you of a man crushed
by a falling tree; you feel a conventional shock that lasts a minute.
Should you some day _see_ a man crushed by a falling tree, you will
start in your sleep for a twelvemonth with the pure horror of it.
Wherefore, never address the ear when you can appeal to the eye. The
gateway to the imagination is the eye."

The campaign wags to a close; the day of the ballot has its dawning. To
the amazed chagrin of Hamilton, Aaron and his Bucktails go over him
at the polls with a rousing majority of four hundred and ninety; he
is beaten, Aaron is dominant, New York is Jefferson's. The blow shakes
Hamilton to the heart, and for the moment he can neither plan nor act.
In the face of such disaster, he sits stricken.

Presently, as though the bad in him is more vivid than the good and
quicker at recovery, that old instinct of larceny struggles to its
feet. He will steal the State; not from Adams as he planned, but from
Jefferson. He scribbles a note to Jay, who is in town at his home,
urging him as governor to call a special session of the legislature, a
Federal Legislature, and go about the crime. He feels the necessity
of justification; for Jay is of a skittish honor. This on his mind, he
closes with: "It is the only way by which we can prevent an atheist in
religion and a fanatic in politics from getting possession of the helm
of government."

Jay reads, and draws down his brows in a frown. Hamilton's messenger is

"Governor," says the messenger, "General Hamilton bid me get an answer."

"Tell General Hamilton there is no answer." Jay rereads the note. Then
he takes quill, writes a sentence on the back, and files it away in a
pigeonhole. Years later, when Jay and Hamilton and Adams and Jefferson
and Aaron are dead and under the grass roots, hands yet unformed will
draw the letter forth and unborn eyes will read: "Proposing a measure
for party purposes which I do not think it would become me to adopt. J.


HAMILTON writhes and twists like a hurt snake. Helpless in that first
effort before the adamantine honesty of Jay, when the breath of his
courage returns, he bends himself to consider, whether by other means,
fair or foul, the election may not yet be stolen for Pinckney. He sends
out a flock of letters to the Federal leaders, whom he addresses loftily
as their commander in chief of party.

It is now he receives a fresh stab. By their replies, and rather in the
cool tone than in the substance, the Federal chiefs show that his
bare word is no longer enough to move them. Washington is dead; that
potential name no more remains to conjure with. And now, to the passing
of Washington, has been added his own defeat. The two disasters leave
his voice of scanty consequence in the parliaments of the Federalists.
He finds this out from such as Cabot of Massachusetts, Cooper of
New York and Bayard of Delaware, who peremptorily decline a Pinckney
intrigue as worse than hopeless. They propose instead--and therein lurks
horror--that the Federal electors be asked to abandon Adams for Aaron.
They can take the Adams electors, they argue, and, with what may
be coaxed from the Jefferson strength, make Aaron President--their
President--the President of the Federalists.

The suggestion to take up Aaron shocks Hamilton even more than does his
discovered loss of power--which latter, of itself, is as a blade of ice
through his heart. It is bitter to lose the election; more bitter to
learn that his decree is no longer regarded; most bitter to hear of
Aaron as a possible President, and by Federal votes at that. Broken
of heart and hope, the deposed king retires to his country seat, the
Grange, and sits in mourning with his soul.

Meanwhile, Aaron, as though a presidency in his personal favor possesses
but minor interest, devotes himself to the near nuptials of baby Theo,
who is to marry Joseph Alston, a rich young rice planter of South

Having turned the shoulder of their disregard to Hamilton, the Federal
chiefs confer among themselves by letter and word of mouth. Their great
purpose is to save themselves from Jefferson, whom they fear and hate.
They would sooner have Aaron, as not so much the stark democrat as
is the Man of Monticello. There be folk to whom nothing is so full of
terror in a democracy as a democrat; and our Federalists are white at
the thought of Jefferson. Aaron would suit them better; they think him
less of a leveler. Still they must know his feelings. They will bind him
with promises; for they, cautious gentlemen, have no notion of buying a
pig in a poke. They seek out Aaron, who has left off politics for orange
wreaths and is up to the ears in baby Theo's wedding. As a preliminary
they send his lieutenant, Swartwout, to take soundings.

"If the presidency be tendered, will you accept?" asks Swartwout.

"Assuredly! There are two things, sir, no gentleman may decline--a lady
and a presidency."

Aaron sobers a bit after this small flippancy, and tells Swartwout that,
should he be chosen, he will serve.

"There can be no refusal," he says. "The electors are free to make their
choice, and he on whom they pitch must serve. Mark this, however," he
goes on, warningly; "I shall lift neither hand nor head in the business;
the thing must come to me unsought and uninvited. Also, since you,
yourself, are of those who will select the electors for our own State,
I tell you, as you value my friendship, that New York must go to
Jefferson. We carried the State for him, and he shall have it."

Following Swartwout's visit, Federalists Cabot and Bayard wait upon
Aaron. They point out that he can be President; but they seek to
condition it upon certain promises.

"Gentlemen," returns Aaron, "I know not what in my past has led you to
this journey. I've no promises to make. Should I ever be President, I
shall be no man's president but my own."

"Think of the honor, sir!" says Federalist Bayard.

"Honor?" repeats Aaron. "Now I should call it disgrace indeed if I went
into the White House in fetters to you. Believe me, I can see my own way
to honor, sir; you need hold no candle to my feet."

Although rebuffed by Aaron, the Federal chiefs--all save the broken
Hamilton, eating out his baffled heart at the Grange--none the less go
forward with their designs. They call away from Adams what electors will
follow them, and gain a handful from Jefferson besides. The law-demanded
vote is finally taken and the count shows Jefferson seventy-three, Aaron
seventy-three, Adams sixty-five, Jay one.

No name having received a majority, the ejection must go to the
House. The sixteen States, expressing themselves through their House
delegations and owning each one vote, are now to pick the world a
president. At this the campaign is all to fight over again. But in a
different way, on different ground, and the two candidates Jefferson and

In the weeks which pass before the House convenes, Federalist Bayard,
in the heat of the pulling and hauling among House men, makes a second
pilgrimage to Aaron. The latter, baby Theo being by this time safely
married and abroad upon her honeymoon, has leisure to talk.

Federalist Bayard lays open the situation, "As affairs are," he
explains--he has made a count of noses--"Jefferson, when the House
convenes, will have New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, North Carolina,
Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, and his home State of Virginia. You,
for your side, will have New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island,
Connecticut, South Carolina, and my own State of Delaware. The
delegations of Maryland and Vermont, being evenly divided between
yourself and Jefferson, will have no voice. The tally will show eight
for Jefferson, six for you, two not voting. None the less, in the face
of these figures the means of electing you exist. By deceiving one
man--a great blockhead--and tempting two--not incorruptible--you can
still secure a majority of the States. I----"

"You have said enough, sir," breaks in Aaron. "I shall deceive no one,
tempt no one; not even you. Go, sir; carry what I say to what ring of
Federalists you represent. Also, you may consider yourself personally
fortunate that I do not ask how far your conduct should have
construction as an insult."

Federalist Bayard hurries away with a red face and a flea in his ear.
Gulping his chagrin, he tells his fellow chiefs that the obdurate Aaron
will do nothing, consent to nothing, to help himself.

Jefferson does not share Aaron's chill indifference. While the latter
comports himself as carelessly as though a White House is an edifice of
every day, the Man of Monticello goes as far the other way, and feels
all the uneasy anger of him who is on the brink of being robbed. He
calls on the wooden Adams, and demands that the wooden one exert his
influence with his party in favor of Aaron's defeat.

"It is I, sir," says Jefferson, "whom the people elected; and you should
see their will respected."

Adams grows warm. "Sir," he retorts, "the event is in your power. Say
that you will do justice to the Federalists, and the government will
instantly be put into your hands."

"If such be your answer, sir," returns Jefferson, equaling, if not
surpassing the Adams heat, "I have to tell you that I do not intend to
come into the presidency by capitulation."

Jefferson leaves the White House, while Adams--who is practical, even if
high-tempered--begins his preparations to create and fill twenty-three
life judgeships, before his successor shall take possession.

As much as the Man of Monticello, however, our wooden Adams is afire at
the on-end condition of the times. Only his wrath arises, not over the
war between Jefferson and Aaron, but because he himself is to be ousted.
The action of the people, in its motive, is beyond his understanding. As
unrepublican in his hidebound instincts as any royal Charles, he cannot
grasp the reason of his overthrow.

Speaking with Federalist Cabot, he furnishes his angry meditations
tongue. "What is this mighty difference," he cries, "which the public
discovers between Jefferson and myself? He is for messages to Congress,
I am for speeches; he is for a little White House dinner every day, I
am for a big dinner once a week; I am for an occasional reception, he is
for a daily levee; he is for straight hair and liberty, while I think
a man may curl or cue his hair and still be free. Their Jefferson
preference, sir, convinces me that, while men are reasoning, they are
not reasonable creatures. The one difference between Jefferson and
myself is this: I appeal to men's reason, he flatters their vanity.
The result--a mob result--is that he stands victorious, while I
lie prostrate." Saying which the wooden, angry Adams resumes his
arrangements for creating and filling those twenty-three life
judgeships--being resolved, in his narrow breast, to make the most of
his dying moments as a president.

The day of White House fate arrives; the House comes together. Seats are
placed for President and Senate. Also lounges are brought in; for there
are members too ill to occupy their regular seats--one is even attended
by his wife. Before a vote is taken, the House adopts an order which
forbids any other business until a President is chosen and the White
House tie determined.

The voice of the House is announced by States; the ballot falls as
foreseen by Federalist Bayard. It runs eight for Jefferson, six for
Aaron, with Maryland and Vermont voiceless, because of their evenly
divided delegations, and a refusal on the part of the House to count
half votes for any name. There being no choice--since no name possesses
a majority of all the States--another vote is called. The upcome is the
same: eight Jefferson, six Aaron, two mute. And so through twenty-nine
hours of ceaseless balloting.

Seven House days go by; the vote continues unchanged. At the close of
the seventh day, Federalist Bayard--who is the entire delegation from
his little State of Delaware, and until then has been casting its vote
for Aaron--beholds a light. No one may know the sort of light he sees.
It is, however, altogether a Bayard and in no wise a Jefferson light;
for the Man of Monticello is of too rigid a probity to entertain so
much as the ghost of a bargain. On the seventh day, by that new light,
Federalist Bayard changes his vote. Jefferson is named President, with
Aaron Vice-President, and that heartbreaking tie is at an end.

The result leaves Aaron as coolly the picture of polished, icy
indifference as ever during his icily polished days. The Man of
Monticello, who has been gloom one moment and angry impatience the next,
feels most a burning hatred of the imperturbable Aaron, whom he blames
for what he has gone through. The color of this hatred will deepen, not
fade, until a day when it gets trippingly in front of Aaron's plans to
send them sprawling. There is, however, no present hateful indications;
for Jefferson, reared in an age of secrets, can lock his breast against
the curious and prying. President and Vice-President, he and Aaron go
about their duties upon terms which mingle a deal of courtesy with
little friendly warmth. This excites no wonder; friendships between
President and Vice-President have never been the habit.

In wielding the Senate gavel, Aaron is an example of the lucidly just.
He refuses to be partisan, and presides for the whole Senate, not a
half. He knows no friend, no foe, and adds another coat of black to
the Jefferson hate, by voting when a tie occurs with the Federalists,
against the repeal of those twenty-three engaging life judgeships, which
the practical Adams created and filled in his industrious last days.

Not alone does Aaron shine out as the north star of Senate guidance, but
his home rivals the White House--which leans toward the simple-severe
under Jefferson--as a polite center of society; for baby Theo comes
up from South Carolina to preside over it--Theo, loving and lustrous!
Aaron, with the lustrous Theo, entertains Jerome Bonaparte, on his way
to a Baltimore bride. Also, Theo, during moments informal, lapses into
gossip with Dolly Madison, the pair privily deciding that Miss Patterson
has no bargain in the Franco-Corsican.

[Illustration: 0245]

On the lustrous Theo's second visit to her Vice-Presidential parent, she
brings in her arms a small, red-faced, howling bundle, and, putting it
proudly into his arms, tells him it bears the name of Aaron Burr Alston.
Aaron receives the small red-faced howling bundle even more proudly than
it is offered, and hugs it to his heart. From this moment, until a dark
one that will come later, little Aaron Burr Alston is to live the focus
and central purpose of all his ambitions. It is for this little one he
will make his plots, and lay his plans, to become a western Bonaparte
and swoop at empire.

During these days of Aaron's eminence and triumph, the broken, beaten
Hamilton mopes about his Grange. Vain, resentful, since politics has
turned its fickle back upon him, he does his best to turn his back on
politics. For all that, his mortification, while he plays farmer and
pretends retirement, finds voice at every chance.

He receives his friend Pinckney, and shows him about his shaven acres.
"And when you return home," he says, imitating the lightsome and doing
it poorly, "send me some of your Carolina paroquets. Also a paper of
Carolina melon seed for my garden. For a garden, my dear
Pinckney"--this, with a sickly smile--"is, as you know, a very usual
refuge for your disappointed politician." It is now, his acute
bitterness coming uppermost, he breaks into not over-manly
complaint--the complaint of selflove wounded to the heart. "What an odd
destiny is mine! No man has done more for the country, sacrificed more
for it, than have I. No man than myself has stood more loyally by the
Constitution--that frail, worthless fabric which I am still striving to
prop up! And yet I have the murmurs of its friends no less than the
curses of its foes to pay for it. What can I do better than withdraw
from the arena? Each day proves more and more that America, with its
republics, was never meant for me."


WHILE Aaron flourishes with Senate gavel, and Hamilton mourns his
downfall at the Grange, new men are springing up and new lines forming.
The Federalists disappear in the presidential going down of the wooden
Adams; Aaron, by that one crushing victory, annihilated them. The new
alignment in New York is personal rather than political, and becomes the
merest separation of Aaron's friends from Aaron's enemies.

At the head of the latter, De Witt Clinton, nephew to old
North-of-Ireland Clinton, takes his stand. Being modern, Clinton starts
a newspaper, the _American Citizen_, and places a scurrilous dog named
Cheetham in charge. As a counterweight, Aaron launches the _Morning
Chronicle_, with Peter Irving editor, and his brother, young Washington
Irving, as its leading writer. Now descends a war of ink, that is
recklessly acrimonious and not at all merry.

Under that spur of feverish ink, the two sides fall to dueling with
the utmost assiduity. Hamilton's son Philip insults Mr. Eaker, a lawyer
friend of Aaron; and the insulted Mr. Eaker gives up the law for one day
to parade young Hamilton at the conventional ten paces. It is all highly
honorable, all highly orthodox; and young Hamilton is killed in a way
which reflects credit on those concerned.

Aaron's lieutenant, John Swartwout, fastens a quarrel upon De Witt
Clinton, for sundry ink utterances of the latter's dog-of-types,
Cheetham. The two cross the river to a spot of convenient seclusion.

"I wish it were your chief instead of you!" cries Clinton, who is not
fine in his politenesses.

"So do I," responds Swartwout, being of a rudeness to match Clinton's.
"For he is a dead shot, and would infallibly kill you; while I am the
poorest hand with a pistol among the Buck-tails."

The bickering pair are placed. They fire and miss. A second, and yet a
third time their lead flies shamefully wide. At the fourth shot
Clinton saves his credit by wounding Swartwout in the leg. The stubborn
Swartwout demands a fifth fire, and Clinton plants a second bullet
within two inches of the first.

"Are you satisfied?" asks Mr. Riker, who acts for Clinton.

"I am not," returns Swartwout the stubborn. "Your man must retract, or
continue the fight. Kill or be killed, I am prepared to shoot out the
afternoon with him."

At this, both Clinton's fortitude and manners break down together, and,
refusing to either fight on or apologize, he walks off the field.
This nervous extravagance creates a scandal among our folk of hectic
sensibilities, and shakes the Clinton standing sorely. He is promptly
challenged by Senator Dayton--an adherent of Aaron's--but evades that
statesman at further loss to his reputation.

Meanwhile Robert Swartwout, brother to the wounded Swartwout, calls out
Mr. Riker, who acted for Clinton against the stubborn one, and has the
pleasure of dangerously wounding that personage. Also, Editor Coleman
of the Evening Post, weary with that felon scribe, goes after type-dog
Cheetham of Clinton's American Citizen; whereat dog Cheetham flies

This last so disturbs Harbor Master Thompson of the Clinton forces,
that he offers to take type-dog Cheetham's place. Editor Coleman
being agreeable, they fight in a snowstorm in (inappropriately) Love's
Lane--it will be University Place later--and the port loses a harbor
master at the first fire.

Aaron, gaveling the Senate in the way it should legislatively go, pays
no apparent heed to the smoky doings of his warlike subordinates.
He never takes his eyes from Hamilton, however; and, if that retired
publicist, complaining in his garden, would but cast his glance that
way, he might read in their black ophidian depths a saving warning. But
Hamilton is blind or mad, and thinks only on what he may do to injure
Aaron, and never once on what that perilous Vice-President might be
carrying on the shoulder of his purposes.

Hamilton devotes his garden leisure to vilifying Aaron. He goes stark
staring raving Aaron-mad; at the mention of the name he pours out a
muddy stream of slander. In talk, in print, in what letters he indites,
Aaron is accused of every infamy. There is nothing so preposterously
vile that he does not charge him with it. Aaron looks on and listens
with a grim, evil smile, saying nothing. It is as though he but waits
for Hamilton's offenses to ripen in their accumulation, as one waits for
apples to ripen on a tree.

At last the hour of harvest comes; Aaron leaves Washington for Richmond
Hill, and sends for his friend Van Ness.

"You once marveled at my Hamilton moderation--wondered that I did not
stop his slanders with convincing lead?"

"Yes," says Van Ness.

"You shall wonder no longer, my friend. The hour of his death is about
to strike."

Van Ness breaks into a gale of protest. Hamilton, beaten, disgraced,
deposed, is in political exile! Aaron, powerful, victorious, is on the
crest of fortune! There is no fairness, no equality in an exchange of
shots under such circumstances! Thus runs the opposition of Van Ness.

"In short," he concludes, "it would be a fight downhill--a fight that
you, in justice to yourself, have no right to make. Who is Alexander
Hamilton? Nobody--a beaten nobody! Who is Aaron Burr? The second officer
of the nation, on his sure way to a White House! Let me say, sir, that
you must not risk so much against so little."

"There is no risk; for I shall kill the man. I shall live and he shall

"Cannot you see? There is the White House! Adams went from
the Vice-Presidency to the Presidency; Jefferson went from the
Vice-Presidency to the Presidency; you will do the same. It's as though
the White House were already yours. And you would throw it away for a
shot at this broken, beaten, disregarded man! For let me tell you, sir;
kill Hamilton and you kill your chance of being President. No one may
hope to go into the White House on the back of a duel."

About Aaron's mouth twinkles a pale smile. It lights up his face with a
cold dimness, as a will-o'-the-wisp lights up the midnight blackness of
a wood.

"You have a memory only for what I lose. You forget what I gain."

"What you gain?"

"Ay, friend, what I gain. I shall gain vengeance; and I would sooner be
revenged than be President."

"Now this is midsummer madness!" wails Van Ness. "To throw away a career
such as yours is simple frenzy!"

"I do not throw away a career; I begin one."

Van Ness stares; Aaron goes slowly on, as though he desires every word
to make an impression.

"Listen, my friend; I've been preparing. Last week I closed out all my
houses and lands! to John Jacob Astor for one hundred and forty thousand
dollars. The one lone thing I own is Richmond Hill--the roof we sit
beneath. I'd have sold this, but I did not care to attract attention.
There would have come questions which I'm not ready to answer."

Van Ness fills a glass of Cape, and settles himself to hear; he sees
that this is but the beginning.

Aaron proceeds: "As we sit here to-night, Napoleon has been declared
hereditary Emperor of the French. It has been on its way for months, and
the next packet will bring us the news."

"And what have the Corsican and his empire to do with us?"

"A President," continues Aaron, ignoring the question, "is not
comparable to an emperor. The Presidential term is but a stunted
thing--in four years, eight at the most, your President comes to
his end. And what is an ex-President? Look at Adams, peevish,
disgruntled--unhappy in what he is, because he remembers what he was.
To be a President is well enough. To be an ex-President is to seek to
satisfy present hunger with the memories of banquets eaten years ago.
For myself, I would sooner be an emperor; his throne is his for life,
and becomes his son's or his grandson's after him."

"What does this lead to?" asks Van Ness, vastly puzzled. "Admitting your
imperial preferences, how are they applicable here and now?"

"Let me show you," responds Aaron, still slow and measured and
impressive. "What is possible in the East is possible in the West;
what has been done in Europe may be done in America. Napoleon comes to
Paris--lean, epileptic, poor, unknown, not even French. To-day he is
emperor. Also"--this with a laugh which, however, does not prevent Van
Ness from seeing that Aaron is deeply serious--"also, he is two inches
shorter than myself."

Van Ness leans back and makes a little gesture with his hand, as who
should say: "Continue!"

"Very well! Would it be a stranger story if I, Aaron Burr, were to found
an empire in the West--if I became Aaron I, as the Corsican has become
Napoleon I?"

"You do not talk of overturning our government?" This in tones of
wonder, and not without some flash of angry horror.

"Don't hold me so dull. The people of this country are unfitted for king
or emperor. They would throw down a thousand thrones while you set up
one. I've studied races and peoples. Let me give you a word; it will
serve should you go to nation building. Never talk of crowns or thrones
to blue-eyed or gray-eyed men. They are inimical, in the very seeds of
their natures, to thrones and crowns."


"England, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Holland are monarchies only in name.
In fact and spirit they are republics. If you would have king or emperor
in very truth, you must go to your black-eyed folk. Setting this country
aside, if you cast a glance toward the southwest, you will behold a
people who should be the very raw materials of an empire."

"Mexico!" exclaims the astonished Van Ness.

"Ay, Mexico! There is nothing which Napoleon Bonaparte has done in
France, which Aaron Burr may not do in Mexico. I would have the flower
of this country at my back. Indeed, it should be easier to ascend the
throne of the Montezumas than of the Bourbons. I believe, too--for I
think he would feel safer with a brother emperor in the West--I might
count on Napoleon's help for that climbing. However, we overrun the
hunt"--Aaron seems to recall himself like one who comes out of a
dream--"I am thinking not on empire, but vengeance. I have thrown out a
rude picture of my plans, however, because I hope to have your company
in them. Also, I wanted to show how utterly in my heart I have given
up America and an American career. It is Mexico and the throne of an
emperor, not Washington and the chair of a President, at which I aim. I
am laying my foundations, not for four years, not for eight years, but
for life. I shall be Aaron I, Emperor of Mexico; with my grandson, Aaron
Burr Alston, to follow me as Aaron II. There; that should do for 'Aaron
and empire.'" This, with a return to the cynical: "Now let us get to
Hamilton and vengeance. The scoundrel has spat his toad-venom on my name
and fame for twenty years; the turn shall now be mine."

Van Ness is silent; the glimpses he has been given of Aaron's high
designs have tied his tongue.

Aaron gets out a letter. "Here," he says; "you will please carry that
to Hamilton. It marks the beginning of my revenge. I base it on excerpts
taken from a printed letter written by Dr. Cooper, who says: 'General
Hamilton and Judge Kent have declared in substance that they look upon
Colonel Burr as a dangerous man, and one who ought not to be trusted
with the reins of government. I could detail a still more despicable
opinion which General Hamilton has expressed of Colonel Burr.' I
demand," concludes Aaron, "that he explain or account to me for having
furnished such an 'opinion' to Dr. Cooper."

Van Ness purses up his lips, and knots his forehead cogitatively.

"Why pitch upon this letter of Cooper's as a _casus belli?_" he asks at
last. "It is ambiguous, and involves a question of Cooper's construction
of English. If we had nothing better it might do; but there is no such
pressure. Hamilton, on many recent occasions, in speeches and in print,
has applied to you the lowest epithets."

"You may recall, sir, that I once told you I was an artist of revenge.
It is this very ambiguity I'm after. I would hook the fellow--hook him
and play him as I would a fish! The man's a coward. I saw it written on
his face that day when, following 'Long Island,' he threw away his gun
and stores. By coming at him with this ambiguity, he will hope in the
beginning to secure himself by evasions. He will write; I shall respond;
there will be quite a correspondence. Days will drag along in agony and
torment to him. And all the time he cannot escape. From the moment I
send him that letter he is mine. It is as if I had him in a narrow
lane; he cannot get by me. On the other hand, if I come upon him, as you
suggest, with some undeniable charge, it will all be over in a moment.
He will be obliged at once to toe the peg. You now understand that I
design only in this letter to hook him hard and fast. When I have so
played him as to satisfy even my hatred, rest secure I'll reel him in.
He can no more avoid meeting me than he can avoid trembling when he
contemplates the dark promise of that meeting. His wife would despise
him, his very children cut him dead were he to creep aside."

Van Ness goes with Aaron's letter to Hamilton. The latter, as he reads
it, cannot repress a start. The blood rushes from his face to his heart
and back again; for, as though the blind were made to see, he realizes
the snare into which he has walked--a snare that he himself has spread
to his own undoing.

With an effort he commands his agitation. "You shall have my answer by
the hand of Mr. Pendleton," he says.

Hamilton's reply, long and wordy, is two days on its way. As Aaron
foretold, it is wholly evasive, and comes in its analysis to be nothing
better than a desperate peering about for a hole through which its
author may crawl, and drag with him what he calls his honor.

Aaron's reply closes each last loophole of escape. "Your letter," he
says, "has furnished me new reasons for requiring a definite reply."

Hamilton reads his doom in this; and yet he cannot consent to the
sacrifice, but struggles on. He makes a second response, this time at
greater length than before.

Aaron, implacable as Death, reads what Hamilton has written.

"I think we should close the business," he says to Van Ness, as he gives
him Hamilton's letter. "It has been ten days since I sent my initial
note, and I have had enough of vengeance in anticipation. And so for the
last act." Aaron dispatches Van Ness with a peremptory challenge. There
being no gateway of relief, Hamilton is driven to accept. Even then
comes a cry for time; Hamilton asks that the hour of final meeting be
fixed ten further days away. Aaron smiles that pale smile of hatred made
content, and grants the prayed-for delay.

The morning following the challenge and its acceptance, Pendleton
appears with another note from Hamilton--who obviously prefers pens to
pistols for the differences in hand. Aaron, smiling his pale smile of
contented hate, refuses to receive it.

"There is," he observes, "no more to be said on either side, a challenge
having been given and accepted. The one thing now is to load the pistols
and step off the ground."

It is four days later, and the fight six days away. Aaron and Hamilton
meet at a dinner given on Independence Day. Hamilton is hysterically
gay, and sings his famous song, "The Drum." Also, he never once looks at
Aaron, who, dark and lowering and silent, the black serpent sparkle
in his eye, seldom shifts his gaze from Hamilton. Aaron's stare,
remorseless, hungrily steadfast, is the stare of the tiger as it sights
its prey.

Dr. Hosack calls on Aaron, where the latter sits alone at Richmond Hill.
Wine is brought; the good doctor takes a nervous glass. He has a rosy,
social face, has the good doctor, a face that tells of friendships and
the genial board. Just now, however, he is out of spirits. Desperately
setting down his wineglass, he flounders into the business that has
brought him.

"I can hardly excuse my coming," he says, "and I apologize before I
state my errand. I would have you believe, too, that my presence here is
entirely by my own suggestion."

Aaron bows.

The good doctor explains that he has been called upon to go,
professionally, to the fighting ground with Hamilton.

"That is how I became aware," he concludes, "of what you have in train.
I resolved to see you, and make one last effort at a peaceful solution."

Aaron coldly shakes his head: "There can be no adjustment."

"Think of his family, sir! Think of his wife and his seven children!"

"Sir, it is he who should have thought of them. You should have gone to
him when he was maligning me. What? You know how this man has slandered
me! He has spoken to you as he has to hundreds of others!" The good
doctor looks guiltily uneasy. "And now I am asked to sit down with the
scorn he has heaped upon me, because he has a family! Does it not occur
to you, sir, that I, too, have a family? But with this difference:
Should he fall, there will be eight to share the loss among them. If I
fall, the blow descends on but one pair of loving shoulders, and those
the slender shoulders of a girl."

There is no hope: The good doctor goes his disappointed way.

The fighting grounds are a flat, grassy shelf of rock, under the heights
of Weehawken. The morning is bright, with the July sun coming up over
the bay. Hamilton, pale, like a man going open-eyed to death, takes
his barge at the landing near the Grange. The good Dr. Hosack and his
friend Pendleton are with him. The barge is pulled across to the grassy
shelf, under the somber Weehawken heights.

The good doctor remains by the barge, while Hamilton, with friend
Pendleton, ascends the rocky, shelving, shingly twenty feet to the place
of meeting. They find Aaron and Van Ness awaiting them. Aaron touches
his hat stiffly, and walks to the far end of the narrow grassy shelf.

Seconds Pendleton and Van Ness toss a dollar piece. Pendleton wins word
and choice of position.

Ten paces are stepped off. Second Pendleton places his man at the
up-the-river end of the six-foot grassy shelf. Aaron, pistol in hand, is
given the other end. The word is to be:

"Present!--one--two--three--stop!" As the two stand in position, Aaron
is confident, deadly, implacable; Hamilton looks the man already lost.

Seconds Pendleton and Van Ness retire out of range.

"Gentlemen, are you ready?".

"Ready!" says Aaron.

"Ready!" says Hamilton.

There is a pause, heavy with death. Then comes:


There is a flash and a roar!--a double flash, a double roar! The smoke
curls, the rocks echo! Hamilton, with a stifled moan, reels, clutches at
nothing, and pitches forward on his face--shot through and through. The
Hamilton lead, wild and high, cuts a twig above Aaron's head.

Aaron takes a step toward his slain foe, and looks long and deep, like
a man drinking. Van Ness comes up; Aaron tosses him the pistol, as folk
toss aside a tool when the work is done--well done. Then he walks down
to his barge, and shoves away for Richmond Hill, whose green peaceful
cedars are smiling just across the river.

"It was worth the price, Van Ness," says Aaron. "The taste of that
immortal vengeance will never perish on my lips, nor its fragrance die
out in my heart."


AARON sits placidly serene at Richmond Hill. Over his wine and his
cigar, he reduces those dreams of empire to ink and paper. He maps out
his design as architects draw plans and specifications for a house. His
friends call--Van Ness, the stubborn Swart-wout, the Irvings, Peter and

Outside the serene four walls of Richmond Hill there goes up a
prodigious hubbub of mourning--demonstrative if not deeply sincere.
Hamilton, broken as a pillar of politics, was still a pillar of fashion.
Was he not a Schuyler by adoption? Had he not a holding in Trinity?
Therefore, come folk of powdered hair and silken hose, who deem it
an opportunity to prove themselves of the town's Vere de Veres. There
dwells fashionable advantage in tear-shedding at the going out of an
illustrious name. Such tear-shedding provides the noble inference
that the illustrious one was "of us." Alive to this, those of would-be
fashion lapse into sackcloth and profound ashes, the sackcloth silk and
the ashes ashes of roses. Also they arrange a public funeral at Trinity,
and ask Gouverneur Morris, the local Mark Antony, to deliver an oration.

To the delicate sobbing of super-fashionable ones is added the pretended
grief of Aaron's Clintonian foes. They think to use the death of
Hamilton for Aaron's political destruction.

At no time does Aaron, serene with his wine and his cigar and his
empire-planning, interpose by word or act to stem the current of real or
spurious feeling. He heeds it no more, dwells on it no more than on
the ebbing or flowing of the tides, muttering about the lawn's shaven
borders in front of Richmond Hill.

The duel is eleven days old. Aaron, accompanied by the faithful,
stubborn Swartwout, takes barge for Perth Amboy. The stubborn, faithful
one says "Good-by!" and returns; Aaron is received by his friend
Commodore Truxton. With Truxton he talks "empire" all night. He counts
on English ships, he says; being promised in secret by British Minister
Merry in Washington. Truxton shall command that fleet.

Having set the sea-going Truxton to hoping, Aaron pushes on for
Philadelphia. He meets a beautiful girl whom he calls "Celeste," and to
whom he does not speak of conquest or of empire. He remains a week in
Philadelphia where, by word of Clinton's scandalized _American Citizen_:
"He walks openly about the streets!"

Then to St. Simon's off the Georgia coast, guest of honor among polite
Southern circles; and, from St. Simon's across to South Carolina and
the noble Alston mansion, to be welcomed by the lustrous Theo. Thus the
summer wears into fall, full of honor and ease and love.

With the first light flurry of snow, Aaron, gavel in hand, calls the
grave togaed ones to order. It is to be his last session; with the going
out of Congress, his Vice-Presidential term will have its end. During
those three Washington months which ensue, he dines with the President,
goes among friends and enemies as of yore, and never is brow arched or
glance averted. Instead, there is marked regard for him; folk compete
to do him honor. On the last Senate day he delivers his address of
farewell, and men pronounce it a marvel of dignity, wisdom, and polish.
So he steps down from American official life; but not from American

Aaron, throughout this last Washington winter, presses his plans of
empire. He attaches to them scores of his Bucktail followers--the
Swartwouts, Dr. Erick Bollman, the Ogdens, Marinus Willet, General Du
Puyster. Among those of Congress who lend their ears and give their
words are Mathew Lyon, and Senators Dayton and Smith.. These are weary
of civilization and the peace that rusts. Their hearts are eager for
conquest, and a clash with the rough, wilderness conditions of the West
beyond the Mississippi.

It is evening; Aaron sits in his rooms at the Indian Queen. Outside
the rain is falling; Pennsylvania Avenue wallows a world of mire. Slave
Peter intrudes his black face to announce:

"Gen'man comin'-up, sah!"

Peter, the privileged, would introduce Guy of Warwick, or the great Dun
Cow, with as little ceremony.

As Peter withdraws, a burly figure fills the doorway.

"Come in, General," says Aaron.

General Wilkinson is among Aaron's older acquaintances. They were
together at Quebec. They were fellow cabalists against Washington in
an hour of Valley Forge. Now they are hand to hilt for Mexico, and that
throne-building upon which Aaron has fixed his heart. Also, Wilkinson
is in present command of the military forces of the United States in the
Southwest, with headquarters at Natchez and New Orleans; and, because of
that army control, he is the keystone to the arch of Aaron's plans.

The broad Wilkinson face glows at Aaron's genial "Come in." Its owner
takes advantage of the invitation to draw a chair near the log fire,
which the wet March night makes comfortable. Then he pours himself a
glass of whisky.

Wilkinson is worth considering. He is paunchy, gross, noisy, vain,
bragging, shallow, with a red, sweat-distilling face, and a nose that
tells of the bottle. He wears to-night the uniform of his rank. His coat
exhibits an exuberance of epaulette and an extravagance of gold braid
that speak of tastes for coarse glitter. His iron-gray hair, shining
with bear's grease, matches his fifty years. In conversation he becomes
a composite of Rabelais and Munchausen. As for holding wine or stronger
liquor, he rivals the Great Tun of Heidelberg.

The stubborn Swartwout doesn't like him. On a late occasion he expresses
that dislike.

"To be frank, Chief," observes the blunt Bucktail, who, because of
Aaron's headship of the Tammany organization, always addresses him as
"Chief"--"to be frank, I believe your friend Wilkinson to be as crooked
as a dog's hind leg."

"You are right, sir," says Aaron; "he is both dishonest and treacherous.
It was he who uncovered our plans to unhorse Washington, by 'blabbing'
them, as Conway called it, to Lord Stirling. Yes; dishonest and
treacherous is Wilkinson."

[Illustration: 0273]

"Why, then, do you trust him?"

"Why do I trust him?" repeats Aaron. "For several sufficient reasons. He
has been in and out of Mexico, and is as familiar with the country as
I am with Richmond Hill. He is cheek and jowl with the Bishop of New
Orleans; and I hope to attach the church to my enterprise. Most of all,
he commands the United States forces in the Southwest. Moreover, I count
his dishonesty and genius for double dealing as virtues. They should
become of importance in my enterprise.

"As how?" demands the mystified Buck-tail.

"As follows: Mexico is rich in gold; I argue that his dishonest avarice
will take him loyally with me, hand and glove, in the hope of loot. His
treacherous talents should come finely into play in certain diplomacies
that must be entered upon with Mexican officials, who will favor
me. Likewise he should find them exercise in dealings with the war
department here in Washington; for you can see, sir, that, in his dual
rôles of filibusterer and military commander of the Southwest for this
government, he is certain to be often in collision with himself."

The stubborn Bucktail says no more, being too well drilled in deference
to Aaron's will and word. It is clear, however, that his distrust of the
whisky-faced Wilkinson has not been put to sleep.

Wilkinson, as he swigs his whisky by Aaron's fire, sits in happy
ignorance of the distrustful Bucktail's views. Confident as to his own
high importance, he plunges freely into Aaron's plans.

"Five hundred," says Aaron, "full five hundred are agreed to go; and
I have lists of five thousand stout young fellows besides, who should
crowd round our standard at the whistle of the fife. The move now is
to purchase eight hundred thousand acres on the Washita, as a base from
which to operate and a pretext for bringing our people together. My
excuse for recruiting them, you understand, will be that they are to
settle on those eight hundred thousand Washita acres."

"Eight hundred thousand acres!" This, between sips of whisky: "That
should take a fortune! Where do you think to find the money?"

"It will come from New York, from Connecticut, from New Jersey, from
everywhere--but most of it from my son-in-law, Alston, who is to
mortgage his plantation and crops. He is worth a round million."

"How do you succeed with the English?" asks Wilkinson, taking a new

"It is as good as done. Merry, the British Minister, was with me
yesterday. He has sent Colonel Williamson of his legation to London,
to return by way of Jamaica and bring the English fleet to New Orleans.
Truxton is to be given temporary command, and sail against Vera Cruz,
where you and I must meet him with an army. When we have reduced Vera
Cruz, and secured a port, we shall march upon the city of Mexico."

Wilkinson helps himself to another glass.

Then he rubs his encarmined nose with a ruminative forefinger.

"Well," he observes, "it will be a great venture! In New Orleans I'll
make you acquainted with Daniel Clark, an Englishman, who has the riches
and almost the wisdom of Solomon. He'll embrace the enterprise; once he
does he'll back it with his dollars. Clark himself is strong in ships;
with his merchant fleet and his warehouses, he should keep us in
provisions in Vera Cruz."

"That is well bethought," cries Aaron, eyes a-sparkle.

"Clark's relations with the bishop are likewise close," adds Wilkinson.

Taking a pull at the whisky, he runs off in a fresh direction.

"Give me your scheme in detail. We are not, I trust, to waste time
with a claptrap democracy, nor engage in the popular tomfoolery of a

"The government, imperial in form, shall be styled the 'Empire of
Mexico.' I shall be crowned Emperor Aaron I, and the crown made
hereditary in the male line; which last will create my grandson, Aaron
Burr Alston, heir presumptive."

"And I?" interjects Wilkinson, his features doubly aglow with alcohol
and interest. "What are to be my rank and powers?"

"You will be generalissimo of the army."

"Second only to you?"

"Second only to me. Here; I've drawn an outline of the civil fabric
we're to set up. The government, as I've said, is to be imperial, myself
emperor. There is to be a nobility of grandees, titles hereditary, who
will sit as a parliament. The noble programme is this: Aaron I, emperor;
Wilkinson, generalissimo of the forces; Alston, chief of the grandees
and secretary of state; Theo, chief lady of the court and princess
mother of the heir presumptive; Aaron Burr Alston, heir presumptive;
Truxton, lord high admiral of the fleet. There will be ambassadors,
ministers, consuls, and the usual furniture of government. The grandees
should be limited to one hundred, and chosen from those whom we bring
with us. There may be minor noble grades, drawn from ones powerful and
friendly among the natives."

Aaron and Wilkinson of the carnelian nose sit far into the watches of
the night, discussing the great design. As the carnelianed one takes his
leave, he says:

"We are fully agreed, I find. To-morrow I start for Natchez; you are to
follow in two weeks, you say?"

"Yes," responds Aaron. "There should be months of travel ahead, before
my arrangements are perfected. I must meet Adair in Kentucky, Smith
in Ohio, Harrison in Indiana, Jackson in Tennessee; besides visit New
Orleans, and arrange about those eight hundred thousand Washita acres.
In my running about, I shall see you many times, and confer with you as
questions come up."

"I shall meet you at Fort Massac on the Ohio. Don't forget two several
matters: The enterprise will lick up gold like fire. Also, that in the
civil as well as the military control of the empire, I'm to be second to
no one save yourself."

"I shall forget nothing. Speaking of money, I sell Richmond Hill
to-morrow for twenty-five thousand dollars. The deeds are drawn and

"Oh, we shall find money enough," returns Wilkinson contentedly. "Only
it's well never to lose sight of the fact that we're going to need it.
Clark, as I say, will plunge in for something handsome--something
that should call for six figures in its measure. As to my rank
of generalissimo, second only to yourself, it is all I could
ask. Popularly," concludes Wilkinson, preparing to take his
leave--"popularly, I shall be known as 'Wilkinson the Deliverer.'
Coming, as I shall, at the head of those gallant conquering armies which
are to relieve the groaning Mexicans from the yoke of Spain, I think it
a natural and an appropriate title--'Wilkinson the Deliverer!'"

"Not only an appropriate title," observes the courtly Aaron, who
remembers his generalissimo's recent loyalty to the whisky bottle, "but
admirably adapted to fill the trump of fame."

The door closes on the broad back of the coming "Deliverer." As Aaron
again bends over his "Empire," he hears that personage's footsteps,
uncertain by virtue of much drink, and proudly martial at the glorious
prospect before him, go shuffling down the corridor of the Indian Queen.

"Bah!" mutters Aaron; "Jack Swartwout was right. It is both dangerous
and disgusting to build a great design on the trustless foundation
of this conceited, treacherous sot. And yet, such is the irony of my
situation, I am unable to do otherwise. At that, I shall manage him. Oh,
if Jefferson were only of the right viking sort! But, no; a creature of
abstractions, bookshelves and alcoves!--a closet philosopher in whose
veins runs no drop of red aggressive fighting blood!--he would as soon
think of treason as of conquest, and, indeed, might readily fall into
the error of imagining they spell the same thing. Besides, he hates me
for that presidential tie of four years ago. The plain offspring of
his own unpopularity, he none the less leaves it on my doorstep as the
natural child of my intrigues. No! I must watch Jefferson, not trust
him. His judgment is ever valet to his hatreds. He would call the most
innocent act a crime, prove white black, for the privilege of making
Aaron Burr an outlaw."


NOW begin days crowded on new faces and new scenes. Aaron ascends
the Potomac, and crosses the mountains to Pittsburg. He buys a cabined
flatboat and floats down to Marietta. They tell him of Blennerhassett,
romantic, eccentric, living on an island below. He visits the island;
the lord of the isle is absent, but his spouse, broad, thick, genial,
not beautiful, welcomes him and bids him come again.

Aaron goes to Cincinnati, and confers with Senator Smith; to Louisville,
where he meets General Adair; then cross country to Nashville to find
General Jackson--his friend of a Senate day when he, Aaron, served
colleague to the kiln-dried Rufus King.

Everywhere Aaron is the honored guest at barbecue and banquet.
Processions march; balls are given to his glory. There are roasting of
oxen, drinking of corn whisky, rosining of bows and scraping of catgut;
and all after the hearty fashion of the West, when once it gets a hero
in its clutches.

To Adair and Smith and the lean Jackson, Aaron lays out his purpose of
Southwestern conquest. These stark worthies go with him heart and soul.
Each hates the Spaniard with a Saxon's hate; each is a Francis Drake at
bottom. Their hot concern in what he is upon, fairly overruns the verbal
pace of Aaron in its telling. Only, he is half-secret, and does not make
clear those elements of throne and crown and scepter. It will leave them
less over which to hesitate, he thinks; for he perceives that he deals
with folk who are congenital republicans.

The lean Jackson, even more heartily than do the others, enters into
Aaron's plans. He declares that the best blood of Tennessee shall follow
him. In the long talks they have at the Hermitage, Aaron implants in
Jackson a Southwestern impulse which, in its deeds, will find victorious
culmination thirty years later at San Jacinto. In that day, Jackson
himself will occupy the chair now held by Jefferson.

Being no prophet, but only a restless, strong, ambitious man, Aaron does
not foresee that day of Jackson in the White House, San Jacinto, and Sam
Houston--the latter just now a lad of thirteen, and hidden away in his
ancestral woods. Full of hope, Aaron goes diligently forward with
his sowing, the harvest whereof those others are to reap. He lays the
bedplates of an empire truly; but not _his_ empire--not the empire
of Aaron I, with Aaron II to follow him. He will be tottering on the
grave's edge in a day of San Jacinto; and yet his age-chilled heart will
warm at the news of it, and know it for his work.

Aaron leaves Jackson, drifts down the Cumberland to the Ohio, and meets
Wilkinson, who--nose as red, with whisky-fuddled soul--is as much in
ardent arms as ever. Wilkinson cannot greet him too warmly. The only
change perceivable in our corn-soaked warrior is a doubt as to whether,
instead of "Wilkinson the Deliverer," he might not better fill the
wondering measure of futurity as "Washington of the West." Both titles
are full of majesty--a thing important to a taste streaked of rum--but
the latter possesses the more alliterative roll. The red-nosed Wilkinson
says finally that he will keep the question of title in abeyance,
committing himself to neither, with a possibility of adopting both.

Aaron regains his cabined flatboat, and follows the current eight
hundred miles to Natchez. Later he drifts away to New Orleans. The
latter city is a bubbling community of nine thousand souls--American,
Spanish, French. It runs as socially wild over Aaron as did those ruder,
up-the-river regions; although, proving its civilization, it scrapes a
more delicate fiddle and declines the greasy barbecue enormities of a
whole roast ox.

The Englishman Clark strikes hands with Aaron for the coming empire. It
is agreed that, with rank next to son-in-law Alston's, Clark shall be
of the grandees. Also, Aaron makes the acquaintance of the Bishop of New
Orleans, and the pair dispatch three Jesuit brothers to Mexico to spy
out the land. For the Spanish rule, as rapacious as tyrannous, has not
fostered the Church, but robbed it. Under Aaron I, the Church shall not
only be protected, but become the national Church.

Leaving New Orleans, Aaron returns by an old Indian trace to Nashville,
keeping during the journey a sharp lookout for banditti who rob and kill
along the trail. Coming safe, he is welcomed by the lean Jackson, whom
he sets building bateaux for conveying the Tennessee contingent to the
coming work.

[Illustration: 0287]

Leaving Jackson busy with saw and adz and auger over flatboats, Aaron
heads north for the island dwelling of Blennerhassett. In the fortnight
he spends with that muddled exile, he wins him--life and fortune.
Blennerhassett is weak, forceless, a creature of dreams. Under spell
of the dominating Aaron, he sees with the eyes, speaks with the mouth,
feels with the heart of that strong ambitious one. Blennerhassett will
be a grandee. As such he must go to England, ambassador for the Empire
of Mexico, bearing the letters of Aaron I. He takes joy in picturing
himself at the court of St. James, and hears with the ear of
anticipation the exclamatory admiration of his Irish friends.

"Ay! they'll change their tune!" cries Blennerhassett, as he considers
his greatness to come. "It should open their Irish eyes, for sure, when
they meet me as 'Don Blennerhassett, grandee of the Mexican Empire,
Ambassador to St. James by favor of his Imperial Majesty, Aaron I.'
It'll cause my surly kinfolk to sing out of the other corners of their
mouths; for I cannot remember that they've been over-respectful to me in
the past."

Aaron recrosses the mountains, and descends the Potomac to Washington.
He dines with Jefferson, and relates his adventures, but hides his
plans. No whisper of empire and emperors at the great democrat's table!
Aaron is not so horn-mad as all that.

While Aaron is in Washington, the stubborn Swartwout comes over. As the
fruits of the conference between him and his chief, the stubborn one
returns, and sends his brother Samuel, young Ogden, and Dr. Bollman to
Blennerhassett. Also, the lustrous Theo and little Aaron Burr Alston
join Aaron; for the princess mother of the heir presumptive, as well as
the sucking emperor himself, is to go with Aaron when he again heads
for the West. There will be no return--the lustrous Theo and the heir
presumptive are to accompany the expedition of conquest. Son-in-law
Alston, who will be chief of the grandees and secretary of state,
promises to follow later. Just now he is trying to negotiate a loan
on his plantations; and making slow work of it, because of Jefferson's
interference with the exportation of rice.

Madam Blennerhassett welcomes the princess mother with wide arms, and
kisses the heir presumptive. Aaron decides to make the island a present
headquarters. Leaving the lustrous Theo and the heir presumptive to
Madam Blennerhassett, he indulges in swift, darting journeys, west and
north and south. He arranges for fifteen bateaux, each to carry one
hundred men, at Marietta. He crosses to Nashville to talk with Jackson,
and note the progress of that lean filibusterer with the Cumberland
flotilla. What he sees so pleases him that he leaves four thousand
dollars--a royal sum!--with the lean Jackson, to meet initial charges in
outfitting the Tennessee wing of the great enterprise.

Aaron goes to Chillicothe and talks to the Governor of Ohio. Returning,
he drops over to the little huddle of huts called Cannonsburg. There he
forms the acquaintance of an honest, uncouth personage named Morgan, who
is eaten up of patriotism and suspicion. Morgan listens to Aaron, and
decides that he is a firebrand of treason about to set the Ohio valley
in a blaze. He writes these flaming fears to Jefferson--as suspicious as
any Morgan!

Having aroused Morgan the wrong way,

Aaron descends to New Orleans and makes payment on those eight
hundred thousand acres along the Washita. Following this real estate
transaction, he hunts up the whisky-reddened Wilkinson, and offers a
suggestion. As commander in chief, Wilkinson might march a brigade into
the Spanish country on the Sabine, and tease and tempt the Castilians
into a clash. Aaron argues that, once a brush occurs between the
Spaniards and the United States, a war fury will seize the country, and
furnish an admirable background of sentiment for his own descent upon
Mexico. Wilkinson, full of bottle valor, receives Aaron's suggestion
with rapture, and starts for the Sabine. Wilkinson safely off for the
Sabine, to bring down the desired trouble, Aaron again pushes up for
Blennerhassett and that exile's island.

While these important matters are being thus set moving war-wise, the
soft-witted Blennerhassett is not idle. He writes articles for the
papers, descriptive of Mexico, which he pictures as a land flowing with
milk and honey. During gaps in his milk-and-honey literature, the coming
ambassador buys pork and flour and corn and beans, and stores them on
the island. They are to feed the expedition, when it shoves forth upon
the broad Ohio in those fifteen Marietta bateaux.

Aaron gets back to the island. Accompanied by the lustrous Theo and
Blennerhassett, he goes to Lexington. While there, word reaches him that
Attorney Daviess, acting for the government by request of Jefferson, has
moved the court at Frankfort for an order "commanding the appearance
of Aaron Burr." The letter of the suspicious Morgan to the suspicious
Jefferson has fallen like seed upon good ground.

Aaron does not wait; taking with him Henry Clay as counsel, he repairs
to Frankfort as rapidly as blue grass horseflesh can travel. Going into
court, Aaron, with Henry Clay, routs Attorney Daviess, who intimates but
does not charge treason. The judge, the grand jury, and the public give
their sympathies to Aaron; following his exoneration, they promote a
ball in his honor.

Recruits begin to gather; the fifteen Marietta bateaux approach
completion. Aaron dispatches Samuel Swartwout and young Ogden with
letters to the red-nosed, necessary Wilkinson, making mad the Spaniards
on the Sabine. Also Adair and Bollman take boat for New Orleans. When
Swartwout and young Ogden have departed, Aaron resumes his Marietta
preparations, urging speed with those bateaux.

Swartwout reaches the red-nosed Wilkinson, and delivers Aaron's letters.
These missives find the red-nosed one in a mixed mood. His cowardice
and native genius for treachery, acting lately in concert, have built
up doubts within him. There are bodily perils, sure to attend upon the
conquest of Mexico, which the rednosed one now hesitates to face.
Why should he face them? Would he not get as much from Jefferson for
betraying Aaron? He might, by a little dexterous mendacity, make the
Credulous Jefferson believe that Aaron meditates a blow not at Mexico
but the United States. It would permit him, the red-nosed one, to pose
as the saviour of his country. And as the acknowledged saviour of his
country, what might not he demand?--what might not he receive? Surely, a
saved country, even a saved republic, would not be ungrateful!

The red-nosed one's genius for treachery being thus addressed, he sends
posthaste to Jefferson. He warns him that a movement is abroad to
break up the Union. Every State west of the Alleghenies is to be in the
revolt. Thus declares the treacherous red-nosed one, who thinks it the
shorter cut to that coveted title, "Wilkinson the Deliverer, Washington
of the West." Besides, there will be the glory and sure emolument!
Wilkinson the red-nosed, thinks on these things as he goes plunging
Aaron and his scheme of empire into ruin.

While these wonders are working in the West, Aaron, wrapped in ignorance
concerning them, is driving matters with a master's hand at Marietta and
the island. The fifteen bateaux are still unfinished, when he resolves,
with sixty of his people, to go down to Natchez. There are matters which
call to him in connection with those Washita eight hundred thousand
acres. Besides, he desires a final word with the red-nosed Wilkinson.

At Bayou Pierre, a handful of miles above Natchez, Aaron hears of a
Jefferson proclamation. The news touches his heart as with a finger of
frost. Folk say the proclamation recites incipient treason in the States
west of the Alleghenies, and warns all men not to engage therein on
peril of their necks. About the same time comes word that the red-nosed,
treacherous Wilkinson has caused the arrest of Adair, Dr. Boll-man,
Samuel Swartwout, and young Ogden, and shipped them, per schooner, to
Baltimore, to answer as open traitors to the State. Aaron requires all
his fortitude to command himself.

The Governor of Mississippi grows excited; he feels the heroic need of
doing something. He hoarsely orders out certain companies of militia;
after which he calls into counsel his attorney general.

The latter potentate advises eloquence before powder and ball. He
believes that treason, black and lowering, is abroad, the country's
integrity threatened by the demonaic Aaron. Still, he has faith in his
own sublime powers as an orator. He tells the governor that he can talk
the treason-mongering Aaron into tameness. At this the governor--nobly
willing to risk and, if need press, sacrifice his attorney general on
the altars of a common good--bids him try what he can eloquently do.

The confident attorney general goes to Aaron, where that would-be
conqueror is lying, at Bayou Pierre. He sets forth what a fatal mistake
it would be, were Aaron to lock military horns with the puissant
territory of Mississippi. Common prudence, he says, dictates that Aaron
surrender without a struggle, and come into court and be tried.

Aaron makes not the least objection. He goes with the attorney general,
and, pending investigation by the grand jurors, is enthusiastically
hailed by rich planters of the region, who sign for ten thousand

The grand jurors, following the example of those others of the blue
grass, find Aaron an innocent, ill-used individual. They order his
honorable release, and then devote themselves, with heartfelt diligence,
to indicting the governor for illicitly employing the militia.
Cool counsel intervenes, however, and the grand jurors, not without
difficulty, are convinced that the governor intended no wrong. Thereupon
they content themselves with grimly warning that official to hereafter
let "honest settlers" coming into the country alone. Having discharged
their duty in the premises, the grand jurors lapse into private life and
the governor draws a long breath of relief.

Aaron procures a copy of Jefferson's anti-treason proclamation. The West
will snap derisive fingers at it; but New England and the East are sure
to be set on edge. The proclamation itself is enough to cripple his
enterprise of empire. Added to the treachery of the rednosed Wilkinson,
it makes such empire for the nonce impossible. The proclamation does not
name him; but Aaron knows that the dullest mind between the oceans will
supply the omission.

There is nothing else for it. The mere thought is gall and wormwood; and
yet Aaron's dream must vanish before what stubborn conditions confront

As a best move toward extricating himself from the tangle into which
the perfidy of the red-nosed one has forced him, Aaron decides to go
to Washington. He informs the leading spirits about him of his purpose,
mounts the finest horse to be had for money, and sets out.

It is a week later. One Perkins meets Aaron at the Alabama village of
Wakeman. The thoroughbred air of the man on the thoroughbred horse sets
Perkins to thinking. After ten minutes' study, Perkins is flooded of a
great light.

"Aaron Burr!" he cries, and rushes off to Fort Stoddart.

Perkins, out of breath, tells his news to Captain Gaines. Two hours
later, as Aaron comes riding down a hill, he is met by Captain Gaines
and a sober file of soldiers.

The captain salutes:

"You are Colonel Burr," he says. "I arrest you by order of President
Jefferson. You must go with me to Fort Stoddart, where you will be
treated with the respect due one who has honorably filled the second
highest post of Government."

"Sir," responds Aaron, unruffled and superior, "I am Colonel Burr. I
yield myself your prisoner; since, with the force at your command, it
is not possible to do otherwise." Aaron rides with Captain Gaines to the
fort. As the two dismount at the captain's quarters, a beautiful woman
greets them.

"This is my wife, Colonel Burr," says Captain Gaines. Then, to Madam
Gaines: "Colonel Burr will be our guest at dinner."

Aaron, the captain, and the beautiful Madam Gaines go in to dinner. Two
sentries with fixed bayonets march and countermarch before the door.
Aaron beholds in them the sign visible that his program of empire, which
has cost him so much and whereon his hopes were builded so high, is
forever thrust aside. Smooth, polished, deferential, brilliant--the
beautiful Madam Gaines says she has yet to meet a more fascinating man!
Aaron is never more steadily composed, never more at polite ease than
now when power and empire vanish for all time.

"You appreciate my position, sir," says Captain Gaines, as they rise
from the table. "I trust you do not blame me for performing my duty."

"Sir," returns Aaron, with an acquiescent bow, "I blame only the
hateful, thick stupidity of Jefferson, and my own criminal dullness in
trusting a scoundrel."


IT is evening at the White House. The few dinner guests have departed,
and Jefferson is alone in his study. As he stands at the open window,
and gazes out across the sweep of lawn to the Potomac, shining like
silver in the rays of the full May moon, his face is cloudy and angry.
The face of the sage of Monticello has put aside its usual expression of
philosophy. In place of the calm that should reign there, the look which
prevails is one of narrowness, prejudice and wrathful passion.

Apparently, he waits the coming of a visitor, for he wheels without
surprise, as a fashionably dressed gentleman is ushered in by a servant.

"Ah, Wirt!" he cries; "be seated, please. You got my note?"

William Wirt is thirty-five--a clean, well-bred example of the
conventional Virginia gentleman. He accepts the proffered chair; but
with the manner of one only half at ease, as not altogether liking the
reason of his White House presence.

"Your note, Mr. President?" he repeats. "Oh, yes; I received it. What
you propose is highly flattering. And yet--and yet----"

"And yet what, sir?" breaks in Jefferson impatiently. "Surely, I propose
nothing unusual? You are practicing at the Richmond bar. I ask you to
conduct the case against Colonel Burr."

"Nothing unusual, of course," returns Wirt, who, gifted of a keen
political eye, hungrily foresees a final attorney generalship in what
he is about. "And yet, as I was about to say, there are matters which
should be considered. There is George Hay, for instance; he is the
Government's attorney for the Richmond district. It is his province as
well as duty to prosecute Colonel Burr; he might resent my being saddled
upon him. Have you thought of Mr. Hay?"

"Thought of him? Hay is a dullard, a blockhead, a respectable nonentity!
no more fit to contend with Colonel Burr and those whom he will have
about him, than would be a sucking babe. He is of no courage, no force,
sir; he seems to think that, now he is the son-in-law of James Monroe,
he has done quite enough to merit success in both law and politics. No;
there is much depending on this trial, and I desire you to try it. Burr
must be convicted. The black Federal plot to destroy this republic and
set a monarchy in its stead, a plot of which he himself is but a single
item, must be nipped in the bud. Moreover, you will find that I am to
be on trial even more than is Colonel Burr. The case will not be
'The People against Aaron Burr.' but 'The Federalists against Thomas
Jefferson.' Do you understand? I am the object of a Federal plot, as
much as is the Government itself! John Marshall, that arch Federalist,
will be on the bench, doing all he can for the plotters and their
instrument, Colonel Burr. It is no time to risk myself on so slender a
support as George Hay. It is you who must conduct this cause."

Wirt is a bit scandalized by this outburst; especially at the reckless
dragging in of Chief Justice Marshall. He expostulates; but is too much
the courtier to let any harshness creep into either his manner or his

"You surely do not mean to say," he begins, "that the chief justice----"

"I mean to say," interrupts Jefferson, "that you must be ready to meet
every trick that Marshall can play against the Government. For all his
black robe, is he of different clay than any other? Believe me, he's
a Federalist long before he's a judge! Let me ask a question: Why did
Marshall, the chief justice, mind you, hold the preliminary examination
of Burr? Why, having held it, did he not commit him for treason? Why did
he hold him only for a misdemeanor, and admit him to bail? Does not
that look as though Marshall had taken possession of the case in Burr's
interest? You spoke a moment ago of the propriety of Hay prosecuting the
charge against Burr, being, as he is, the Government's attorney for that
district. Does not it occur to you that his honor, Judge Griffin, is the
judge for that district? And yet Marshall shoves him aside to make room
on the bench for himself. Sir, there is chicanery in this. We must watch
Marshall. A chief justice, indeed! A chief Federalist, rather! Why, he
even so much lacked selfrespect as to become a guest at a dinner given
in Colonel Burr's honor, after he had committed that traitor in ten
thousand dollars bail! An excellent, a dignified chief justice,
truly!--doing dinner table honor to one whom he must presently try for a
capital offense!"

"Justice Marshall's appearance at the Burr dinner"--Wirt makes the
admission doubtfully--"was not, I admit, in the very flower of good
taste. None the less, I should infer honesty rather than baseness from
such appearance. If he contemplated any wrong in Colonel Burr's favor,
he would have remained away. Coming to the case itself," says Wirt,
anxious to avoid further discussion of Judge Marshall, as a topic
whereon he and Jefferson are not likely to agree, "what is the specific
act of treason with which the Government charges Colonel Burr?"

"The conspiracy, wherein he was prime mover, aimed first to take Mexico
from, the Spanish. Having taken Mexico, the plotters--Colonel Burr at
the head--purposed seizing New Orleans. That would give them a hold
in the vast region drained by the Mississippi. Everything west of the
Alleghenies was expected to flock round their standards. With an
empire reaching from Darien to the Great Lakes, from the Pacific to the
Alleghenies, their final move was to be made upon Washington itself.
Sir, the Federalists hate this republic--have always hated it! What they
desire is a monarchy. They want a king, not a president, in the White

"I learn," observes Wirt--"I learn, since my arrival, that Colonel Burr
has been in Washington."

"That was three days ago. He demanded copies of my orders to General
Wilkinson. When I prevented his obtaining them, he said he would move
for a _subpoena duces tecum_, addressed to me personally. Think of that,
sir! Can you conceive of greater impudence? He will sue out a subpoena
against the President of this country, and compel him to come into court
bringing the archives of Government!"

Wirt shrugs his shoulders. "And why not, sir?" he asks at last. "In the
eye of the law a president is no more sacred than a pathmaster. A murder
might be committed in the White House grounds. You, looking from that
window, might chance to witness it--might, indeed, be the only witness.
You yourself are a lawyer, Mr. President. You will not tell me that an
innocent man, accused of murder, is to be denied your testimony?--that
he is to hang rather than ruffle a presidential dignity? What is the
difference between the case I've supposed and that against Colonel
Burr? He is to be charged with treason, you say! Very well; treason is a
hanging matter as much as murder."

Jefferson and Wirt, step by step, go over the arrest of Aaron, and what
led to it. It is settled that Wirt shall control for the prosecution.
Also, when the Grand Jury is struck, he must see to it that Aaron is
indicted for treason.

"Marshall has confined the inquiry," says Jefferson, "to what Burr
contemplated against Mexico--a mere misdemeanor! You, Wirt, must have
the Grand Jury take up that part of the conspiracy which was leveled
against this country. There is abundant testimony. Burr talked it to
Eaton in Washington, to Morgan in Ohio, to Wilkinson at Fort Massac."

"You speak of his _talking_ treason," returns Wirt with a thoughtful,
non-committal air. "Did he anywhere or on any occasion _act_ it? Was
there any overt act of war?"

"What should you call the doings at Blennerhassett Island?--the
gathering of men and stores?--the boat-building at Marietta and
Nashville? Are not those, taken with the intention, hostile acts?--overt
acts of war?"

Wirt falls into deep study. "We must," he says after a moment's silence,
"leave those questions, I fear, for Justice Marshall to decide."

Jefferson relates how he has written Governor Pinckney of South
Carolina, advising the arrest of Alston.

"To be sure, Alston is not so bad as Colonel Burr," he observes, "for
the reason that he is not so big as Colonel Burr; just as a young
rattlesnake is not so venomous as an old one." Then, impressively:
"Wirt, Colonel Burr is a dangerous man! He will find his place in
history as the Catiline of America."

Wirt cannot hide a smile. "It is but fair you should say so, Mr.
President, since at the Richmond hearing he spoke of you as a
presidential Jack Straw." Seeing that Jefferson does not enjoy the
reference, Wirt hastens to another subject. "Colonel Burr will have
formidable counsel. Aside from Wickham, and Botts, and Edmund Randolph,
across from Maryland will come Luther Martin."

"Luther Martin!" cries Jefferson. "So they are to unloose that Federal
bulldog against me! But then the whisky-swilling beast is never sober."

"No more safe as an adversary for that," retorts Wirt. "If I am ever
called upon to write Luther Martin's epitaph, I shall make it 'Ever
drunk and ever dangerous!'"

On the bench sits Chief Justice Marshall--tall, slender--eyes as black
as Aaron's own--face high, dignified--brow noble, full--the whole
man breathing distinction. By his side, like some small thing lost in
shadow, no one noticing him, no one addressing him, a picture of silent
humility, sits District Judge Griffin.

For the Government comes Wirt, sneering, harsh--as cold and hard and
fine and keen as thrice-tempered steel. With him is Hay--slow, pompous,
of much respectability and dull weakness. Assisting Wirt and Hay and
filling a minor place, is one McRae.

Leading for the defense, is Aaron himself--confident, unshaken.
Already he has begun to relay his plans of Mexican conquest. He assures
Blennerhassett, who is with him, that the present interruption should
mean no more than a time-waste of six months. With Aaron sit Edmund
Randolph, the local Nestor; Wickham, clear, sure of law and fact; and
Botts, the Bayard of the Richmond bar. Most formidable is Aaron's rear
guard, the thunderous Luther Martin--coarse, furious, fearless--gay
clothes stained and soiled--ruffles foul and grimy--eye fierce,
bleary, bloodshot--nose bulbous, red as a carbuncle--a hoarse, roaring,
threatening voice--the Thersites of the hour. Never sober, he rolls into
court as drunk as a Plantagenet. Ever dangerous, he reads, hears,
sees everything, and forgets nothing. Quick, rancorous, headlong as a
fighting bull, he lowers his horns against Wirt, whenever that polished
one puts himself within forensic reach. Also, for all his cool, sneering
skill, Toreador Wirt never meets the charge squarely, but steps aside
from it.

Apropos of nothing, as Martin takes his place by the trial table, he
roars out:

"Why is this trial ordered for Richmond? Why is it not heard in
Washington? It is by command of Jefferson, sir. He thinks that in
his own State of Virginia, where he is invincible and Colonel Burr a
stranger, the name of 'Jefferson' will compel a verdict of guilt. There
is fairness for you!"

Wirt glances across, but makes no response to the tirade; for Martin,
purple of face, snorting ferociously, seems only waiting a word from him
to utter worse things.

The Grand Jury is chosen: foreman, John Randolph of Roanoke--sour,
inimical, hateful, voice high and spiteful like the voice of a
scolding woman! The Grand Jury is sent to its room to deliberate as to
indictments, while the court adjourns for the day.

It is well into the evening when the parties in interest leave the
courtroom. As Wirt and Hay, arm in arm, are crossing the courthouse
green, they become aware of an orator who, loud of tone and careless of
his English, is addressing a crowd from the steps of a corner grocery.
Just as the two arrive within earshot, the orator, lean, hawklike of
face, tosses aloft a rake-handle arm, and shouts:

"When Jefferson says that Colonel Burr is a traitor, Jefferson lies in
his throat!" The crowd applaud enthusiastically.

Hay looks at Wirt. "Who is the fellow?" he asks.

"Oh! he's a swashbuckler militia general," returns Wirt, carelessly.
"He's a low fellow, I'm told; his name is Andrew Jackson. He was one of
Colonel Burr's confederates. They say he's the greatest blackguard in

Just now, did some Elijah touch the Wirtian elbow and tell of a day
to come when he, Wirt, will be driven to resign that coveted attorney
generalship into the presidential hands of the "blackguard," who will
receive it promptly, and dismiss him into private life no more than half
thanked for what public service he has rendered, the ambitious Virginian
would hold the soothsayer to be a madman, not a prophet.

Scores upon scores of witnesses are sent one by one to the Grand Jury.
The days run into weeks. Every hour the question is asked: "Where is
Wilkinson?" The red-nosed one is strangely, exasperatingly absent.

Wirt seeks to explain that absence. The journey is long, he says. He
will pledge his honor for the red-nosed one's appearance.

Meanwhile the friends of Aaron pour in from North and West and South.
The stubborn, faithful Swartwout is there, with his brother Samuel;
for, Samuel Swartwout and young Ogden and Adair and Bollman, shipped
aforetime per schooner to Baltimore by the red-nosed one as traitors,
have been declared innocent, and are all in Richmond attending upon
their chief.

One morning the whisper goes about that "Wilkinson is here." The
whisper is confirmed by the red-nosed one's appearance in court. Young
Washington Irving, who has come down from New York in the interest of
Aaron, writes concerning that red-nosed advent:

_Wilkinson strutted into court, and took his stand in a parallel line
with Colonel Burr. Here he stood for a moment swelling like a turkey
cock, and bracing himself to meet Colonel Burr's eye. The latter took no
notice of him, until Judge Marshall directed the clerk to "swear General
Wilkinson." At the mention of the name, Colonel Burr turned and looked
him full in the face, with one of his piercing regards, swept him from
head to foot, and then went on conversing with his counsel as before.
The whole look was over in a moment; and yet it was admirable. There
was no appearance of study or constraint, no affectation of disdain
or defiance; only a slight expression of contempt played across
the countenance, such as one might show on seeing a person whom one
considers mean and vile._

That evening Samuel Swartwout meets the red-nosed one, as the latter
warrior is strutting on the walk for the admiration of men, and
thrusts him into a mud hole. The lean Jackson is so delighted at this
disposition of the rednosed one, that he clasps the warlike Swartwout
in his rake-handle arms. Later, by twenty-two years, he will make him
collector of the port of New York for it. Just now, however, he advises
a duel, holding that the mudhole episode will be otherwise incomplete.

Since Swartwout has had the duel in his mind from the beginning, he and
the lean Jackson combine in the production of a challenge, which is duly
sent to the red-nosed one in the name of Swartwout. The red-nosed one
has no heart for duels, and crawls from under the challenge by saying,
"I refuse to hold communication with a traitor." Thereupon Swartwout,
with the lean Jackson to aid him, again lapses into the clerical, and
prints the following gorgeous outburst in the _Richmond Gazette:_

_Brigadier General Wilkinson: Sir: When once the chain of infamy
grapples to a knave, every new link creates a fresh sensation of
detestation and horror. As it gradually or precipitately unfolds itself,
we behold in each succeeding connection, and arising from the same
corrupt and contaminated source, the same base and degenerated
conduct. I could not have supposed that you would have completed the
catalogue of your crimes by adding to the guilt of treachery forgery and
perjury the accomplishment of cowardice. Having failed in two different
attempts to procure an interview with you, such as no gentleman of honor
could refuse, I have only to pronounce and publish you to the world as a

_Samuel Swartwout._

The Grand Jury comes into court, and by the shrill mouth of Foreman
Randolph reports two indictments against Aaron: one for treason, "as
having levied war against the United States," and one for "having levied
war upon a country, to wit, Mexico, with which the United States are at
peace"--the latter a misdemeanor.


THE indictments are read, and Aaron pleads "Not guilty!" Thereupon
Luther Martin moves for a _subpoena duces tecum_ against Jefferson,
commanding him to bring into court those written orders from the files
of the War Department, which he, as President and _ex officio_ commander
in chief of the army, issued to the red-nosed Wilkinson. Arguing the
motion, the violent Martin proceeds in these words:

"We intend to show that these orders were contrary to the Constitution
and the laws. We intend to show that by these orders Colonel Burr's
property and person were to be destroyed; yes, by these tyrannical
orders the life and property of an innocent man were to be exposed to
destruction. This is a peculiar case, sirs. President Jefferson has
undertaken to prejudge my client by declaring that 'of his guilt there
can be no doubt!' He has assumed to himself the knowledge of the Supreme
Being, and pretended to search the heart of my client. He has proclaimed
him a traitor in the face of the country. He has let slip the dogs of
war, the hell-hounds of persecution, to hunt down my client. And now,
would the President of the United States, who has himself raised all
this clamor, pretend to keep back the papers wanted for a trial where
life itself is at stake? It is a sacred principle that the accused has a
right to the evidence needed for his defense, and whosoever--whether
he be a president or some lesser man--withholds such evidence is
substantially a murderer, and will, be so recorded in the register of

Argument ended, Marshall, chief justice, sustains the motion. He holds
that the _subpoena duces tecum_ may issue, and goes so far as to say
that, if it be necessary to the ends of justice, the personal attendance
of Jefferson himself shall be compelled.

The charge is treason, and no bail can be taken; Aaron must be locked
up. The Governor of Virginia offers as a place of detention a superb
suite of rooms, meant for official occupation, on the third floor of the
penitentiary building. Marshall, chief justice, accepting such proffer,
orders Aaron's confinement in the superb official suite. Aaron takes
possession, stocks the larder, loads the sideboards, and, with a cloud
of servitors, gives a dinner party to twenty friends.

The lustrous Theo arrives, and makes her residence with Aaron in
the official suite, as lady of the establishment. Each day a hundred
visitors call, among them the aristocracy of the town. Also dinner
follows dinner; the official suite assumes a gala, not to say a gallant
look, and no one would think it a prison, or dream for one urbane
moment that Aaron--that follower of the gospel according to Lord
Chesterfield--is fighting for his life.

Following the order for the _subpoena duces tecum_, and Aaron's
dinner-giving incarceration in the official suite, Marshall, chief
justice, directs that court be adjourned until August--a month away.

Wirt, during the vacation, goes over to Washington. He finds Jefferson
in a mood of double anger.

"What did I tell you," cries Jefferson--"what did I tell you of
Marshall?" Then he rushes on to the utterances of the violent Luther
Martin. "Shall you not move," he demands, "to commit Martin as
_particeps criminis_ with Colonel Burr? There should be evidence to fix
upon him misprision of treason, at least. At any rate, such a step would
put down our impudent Federal bulldog, and show that the most clamorous
defenders of Colonel Burr are one and all his accomplices."

Meanwhile, the "impudent Federal bulldog" attends a Fourth-of-July
dinner in Baltimore. Every man at table, save himself, is an adherent of
Jefferson. Eager to demonstrate that loyal fact to the administration,
sundry of the guests make speeches full of uncompliment for Martin, and
propose a toast:

"Aaron Burr! May his treachery to his country exalt him to the

More speeches, replete of venom, are aimed at Martin; whereupon that
undaunted drunkard gets upon his feet.

"Who is this Aaron Burr," he roars, "whose guilt you have pronounced,
and for whose blood your parched throats so thirst? Was not he, a
few years back, adored by you next to your God? Were not you then his
warmest admirers? Did not he then possess every virtue? He was then in
power. He had influence. You were proud of his notice. His merest smile
brightened all your faces. His merest frown lengthened all your visages.
Go, ye holiday, ye sunshine friends!--ye time-servers, ye criers of
hosannah to-day and crucifiers to-morrow!--go; hide your heads from the
contempt and detestation of every honorable, every right-minded man!"

August: The day of trial arrives. Wirt, with the dull, deferent Hay, has
gone over the testimony against Aaron, and arranged the procession
of its introduction. Wirt will begin far back. By the mouth of the
red-nosed Wilkinson--somewhat in hiding from Swartwout--and by others,
he will relate from the beginning Aaron's dream of Mexican conquest.
He will show how the vision grew and expanded until it reacted upon the
United States, and the downfall of Washington became as much parcel of
Aaron's design as was the capture of Mexico. He will trace Aaron through
his many conferences in Washington, in Marietta, in Nashville, in
Cincinnati; and then on to New Orleans, where he is closeted with
Merchant Clark and the Bishop of Louisiana.

And so the parties go into court.

The jury being sworn, Marshall, chief justice, at once overthrows those
well-laid plans of Wirt.

"You must go to the act, sir," says Marshall.

"Treason, like murder, is an act. You can't think treason, you can't
plot treason, you can't talk treason; you can only act it. In murder you
must first prove the killing--the murderous act, before you may offer
evidence of an intent. And so in treason. You must begin by proving the
overt act of war against the country, before I can permit evidence of an
intent which led up to it."

This ruling throws Wirt abroad in his calculations. The "Federal
bulldog" Martin grows vulgarly gleeful, Wirt correspondingly glum.

Being prodded by Marshall, chief justice, Wirt declares that the "act
of war" was the assembling of forty armed men, under one Taylor, at
Blennerhassett Island. They stopped at the island but a moment, and
Aaron himself was in Lexington. None the less there were forty of them;
they were armed; they were there by design and plan of Aaron, with an
ultimate purpose of levying war against this Government. Wirt urges that
constructive war was at that very island moment being waged, with Aaron
personally absent but constructively present, and constructively waging
such war.

At this setting forth, Marshall, chief justice, puckers his lips, as
might one who thinks the argument far-fetched and overfinely spun.
Martin, the "Federal bulldog," does not scruple to laugh outright.

"Was ever heard such hash!" cries Martin. "Men may bear arms without
waging war! Forty men no more mean war than four! Men may float down
the Ohio, and still no war be waged. Because the hypochondriac Jefferson
imagined war, we are to receive the thing as _res adjudicata_, and
now give way while a pleasantly concocted tale, of that carnage of a
presidential nightmare, is recited from the witness box. Sirs, you are
not to fiddle folk onto a scaffold to any such tune as that, though a
president furnish the music."

Marshall, chief justice, still with pursed lips and knotted forehead,
directs Wirt to proceed with his evidence of what, at Blennerhassett
Island, he relies upon to constitute, constructively or otherwise, a
state of war. Having heard the evidence, he will pass upon the points of
law presented.

Wirt, desperate because he may do no better, puts forward one Eaton as
a witness. The latter tells a long, involved story, which sounds vastly
like fiction and not at all like fact, of conversations with Aaron.
Aaron brings out in cross examination, that within ten days after
he, Eaton, went with this tale to Jefferson, a claim for ten thousand
dollars, which he had been pressing without success against the
Government, was paid. Aaron suggests that Eaton, to induce payment
of such claim, invented his narrative; and the suggestion is plainly
acceptable to the jury.

Following Eaton, Wirt calls Truxton; and next the suspicious Morgan,
who first wrote to Jefferson touching Aaron and his plans. Then
follow Blennerhassett's gardener and groom, and one Woodbridge,
Blennerhassett's man of business. Wirt, by these, proves Aaron's
frequent presence on the island; the boats building at Marietta; the
advent of Taylor with his forty armed men, and there the relation ends.
In all--the testimony, not a knife is ground, not a flint is picked, not
a rifle fired; the forty armed men do not so much as indulge in drill.
For all they said or did or acted, the forty might have been explorers,
or sightseers, or settlers, or any other form of peaceful whatnot.

"I suppose," observes Marshall, chief justice, bending his black eyes
warningly upon Wirt--"I suppose it unnecessary to instruct counsel that
guilt will not be presumed?"

Wirt replies stiffly that counsel for the Government, at least, require
no instructions; whereat Martin the "Federal bulldog" barks hoarsely
up, that what counsel for the Government most require, and are most
deficient in, is a case and the evidence of it. Wirt pays no heed to
the jeer, but announces that under the ruling of the court, made before
evidence was introduced, he has nothing more to offer touching acts of
overt war. He rests his case, he says, on that point; and thereupon, the
defense take issue with him. The Government, Aaron declares, has failed
to make out even the shadow of a treason. There is nothing which demands
reply; he will call no witnesses.

Marshall, chief justice, directs that the arguments to the jury be
proceeded with. Wirt is heard. Being imaginative, and having no facts,
he unchains his fancy and paints a paradise, whereof Aaron is the
serpent and Blennerhassett and his moon-visaged spouse are Adam and Eve.
It is a beautiful picture, and might be effective did it carry any grain
of truth. However, it is well received by the jury as a romance full
of entertaining glow and glitter; and then it is put aside from serious

While Wirt the fanciful is thus coloring his invented paradise, with
Aaron as the serpent and the Blennerhassetts the betrayed Adam and Eve,
the "betrayed" Blennerhassett, sitting by Aaron's side, is reading the
"serpent" a letter, that day received from Madam Blennerhassett. The
missive closes:

"Apprise Colonel Burr of my warmest acknowledgments for his own and
Theo's kind remembrances. Tell him to assure her that she has inspired
me with a warmth of attachment that never can diminish."

On the oratorical back of Wirt come Wickham, Hay, Randolph, Botts,
and McRae. Lastly Martin is heard, the "Federal bulldog" seizing the
occasion to bay Jefferson even more violently than before. When they
are done, Marshall, chief justice, lays down the law as to what should
constitute an "overt act of war"; and, since it is plain, even to the
court crier, that no such act has been proven, the jury hurry forward a

"Not guilty!"

Jefferson, full of prejudice, hears the news. He writes wrathfully to

"Let no witness depart without taking a copy of his evidence, which is
now more important than ever. The criminal Burr is preserved, it seems,
to become the rallying point of all the disaffected and worthless of
the United States, and to be the pivot on which all the conspiracies and
intrigues, that foreign governments may wish to disturb us with, are to
turn. There is still, however, the misdemeanor; and, if he be convicted
of that, Judge Marshall must, for very decency, give us some respite by
a confinement of him; but we must expect it to be very short." There
is a day's recess; then the charge of "levying war against Mexico" is
called. The red-nosed Wilkinson now tells his story; and is made
to admit--the painful sweat standing in great drops upon his purple
visage--that he has altered in important respects several of Aaron's
letters. Being, by his own mouth, a forger, the jury marks its estimate
of the red-nosed one by again acquitting Aaron, and pronouncing a second
finding: "Not guilty!"

Thus ends the great trial which has rocked a continent. Aaron is free;
his friends crowd about him jubilantly, while the loving, lustrous Theo
weeps upon his shoulder.


SIX months creep by; May is painting Manhattan with its flowers. The
house of the stubborn, loyal Swartwout is in Stone Street. Long ago,
in the old Dutch beaver-peltry days, the home of the poet Steen-dam was
there. Now it is the dwelling place of John Swartwout, and Aaron is his

The lustrous Theo is with Aaron this sunny afternoon, luster something
dimmed; for the hour is one sad and tearful with parting. It is a last
parting; though the pair--the loving father! the adoring, clinging
daughter!--hopefully, happily blind, believe otherwise.

"Yes," Aaron is saying, "I must sail tonight. The ship is at anchor in
the lower bay." Theo, the lustrous, is too bravely the child of Aaron
to break into lamentation, though the wrung heart fills her eyes with
tears. "And should your plans fail," she says, "you will come to us at
the 'Oaks.' Joseph, you know, is no longer 'Mr. Alston,' but 'Governor
Alston.' As father to the Governor of the State, and with your own high
name, you may take what place you will in South Carolina. You promise,
do you not? If by any trip of fortune your prospects are overthrown, you
will come to us in the South?"

"But, dearling, my plans will not fail. I have had letters from Lords
Mulgrave and Castlereagh, I bear with me the indorsement of the British
Minister in Washington. Openly or secretly, England will support my
project with men and money and ships. If, in some caprice of politics or
a changing cabinet, she should refuse, I shall seek Napoleon. Mexico and
an empire!--that should match finely the native color of his Corsican

Night draws on; Aaron and the lustrous Theo say the sorrowful words of
separation, and within the hour he is aboard the _Clarissa_, outward
bound for England.

In London, full of new fire, Aaron throws away no time. Each day he
is closeted with Mulgrave, Castlereagh and Canning. He goes to Holland
House, and its noble master is seized with the fever for Montezuman
conquest. The inventive Earl of Bridgewater--who is radical and goes
readily to novel enterprises--catches the Mexican fury. The spirit of
Cortez is abroad; the nobility of England fall quickly in with Aaron's
Western design. It will mean an augmentation of the world's peerage.
Also, Mexico should furnish an admirable grazing ground for second sons.
Aaron's affairs go swimmingly; he is full of hopeful anticipation. He
writes the lustrous Theo at the "Oaks" that, "save for the unforeseen,"
little Aaron Burr Alston shall yet wear an imperial crown as Aaron II.

Save for the unforeseen! The reservation is well put in. As Aaron sits
in conference, one foggy London evening, with Mulgrave and Castlereagh,
who have become principal figures in those Mexican designs, Canning
comes hurriedly in.

"I am from the Foreign Office," says he, "and I come with bad news.
There is a lion in our path--two lions. Secret news was just received
that Napoleon has driven the king and queen from Madrid, and established
his brother Joseph on the Spanish throne. Mexico by that: stroke belongs
to the Bonapartes; they will hardly consent to its loss."

"That is one lion," observes Mulgrave; "now for the other."

"The other is England," proceeds Canning. "Already we are mustering our
forces, and enlisting ships, to drive the Corsican out of Spain. We are
to become the allies of the royal outcasts, and restore them to Spanish
power. I need not draw the inference. As Spain's ally, fighting her
battles against the French in the Peninsula, England will no more permit
the loss of Mexico than will Napoleon."

Aaron listens; a chill of disappointment touches his strong heart.
He understands how wholly lost are his hopes, even before Canning is
through talking. He had two strings to his bow; both have snapped. No
chance now of either France or England aiding him. His prospects, so
bright but the moment before, are on the instant darkened.

"Delay! always delay!" he murmurs. Then his courage mounts again; the
chill is driven from his heart. He is too thoroughbred to despond, and
quickly pulls himself together. "Yes," says he, "the word you bring
shuts double doors against us. The best we may do is wait--wait for
Napoleon to win or lose in Spain. Should England hurl him back across
the Pyrenees, we may resume our plans again."

"Indubitably," returns Canning. "Should England save Spain from the
Corsican, she might well lay claim to the right of disposing of Mexico
as a recompense for her exertions."

Thus, for the time, by force of events in far-off Spain, is Aaron
compelled to fold away his ambitions.

While waiting the turn of fortune's wheel in Spain, Aaron fills in his
leisure with society. Everywhere he is the lion. "The celebrated Colonel
Burr!" is the phrase by which he is presented. Entertained as well as
instructed by what he sees and hears, he begins to keep a journal. It
shall one day be read with interest by the lustrous Theo, he thinks.

Jeremy Bentham--honest, fussy, sprightly, full of dreams for bettering
governments--finds out Aaron. The honest, fussy Bentham loves admiration
and the folk who furnish it. He has heard from letter-writing friends
in America that "the celebrated Colonel Burr" reads his works with
satisfaction. That is enough for honest, fussy, praise-loving Bentham,
and he drags Aaron off to live with him at Barrow Green.

"You," cries the delighted Bentham, when he has the "celebrated Colonel
Burr" as a member of his family--"you and Albert Gallatin are the
only two in the United States who appreciate my ideas. For the common
mind--which is as dull and crawling as a tortoise--my theories travel
too fast."

Aaron lives with Bentham--fussy, kindly, pragmatical Bentham--now at
Barrow Green, now at the philosopher's London house in Queen Square
Place. From this latter high vantage he sallies forth and meets William
Godwin; and Godwin, and Mary Wollstonecraft, carry him off to tea with
Charles and Mary Lamb. He writes in his journal:

"Go with the Godwins to Mr. Lamb's. He is a writer, and lives with a
maiden sister, also literary, up four pairs of stairs."

At the Lambs he encounters Faseli the painter; and thereupon Aaron,
the Godwins, Faseli, and the Lambs brew a bowl of punch, and thresh out
questions social, artistic, literary, and political until the hours grow

Cobbett talks with Aaron; and straight off runs to Bentham with the
suggestion that they send him to Parliament. Aaron laughs.

"I'm afraid," says he, "that whatever may be my genius for law-giving,
it would fit but badly with English prejudice and English inclination.
You would find me in the British Commons but a sorry case of a square
peg in a round hole."

That Aaron is the fashion at Holland House, which is the gathering point
of opposition to Government, does not help him at the Home Office. Also,
the Spanish allies of England, through their minister, complain.

"He is fomenting his Mexican design," cries the Spaniard. "It shows but
poorly for England's friendship that she harbors him, and that he is
feted and feasted by her nobility."

Lord Hawkesbury leans to the Spanish view. He will assert his powers
under the "Alien Act." It will please the Spaniards. Likewise, it will
offend Holland House. Two birds; one stone. Hawkesbury sends a request
that Aaron call upon him at his office; and Aaron calls.

"This, you will understand," observes Hawkesbury, "is not a personal
but an official interview, Colonel Burr. I might hope to make it more
pleasant were it personal. Speaking as one of the crown's secretaries, I
must notify you to quit England."

"What is your authority for this?" asks Aaron.

"You will find it in the 'Alien Act.' Under that statute, Government
is invested with power to order the departure of any alien without
assigning cause."

"Precisely! Your Government is now engaged in searching American ships
for English sailors. It was, I recall, the basis of bitter complaint in
America when I left. In seizing those whom you call English sailors and
subjects, you refuse to recognize their naturalization as citizens of
America. Do I state the fact?"

"Assuredly! No Englishman has a right to shift his allegiance from his
king. That is British doctrine. Once a subject, always a subject."

"The very point!" returns Aaron. "Once a subject, always a subject. I
suppose you will not deny that I was in 1756 born in New Jersey, then a
province of England. I was born a British subject, was I not?"

"There is no doubt of that."

"Then, sir, being born a British subject, under your doctrine of 'Once a
subject, always a subject,' I am still a British subject. Therefore,
I am no alien. Therefore, I do not fall within the description of your
'Alien Act.' You can hardly order me to quit England as an alien at the
very moment when you say I am a British subject. My lord"--this with a
smile like a warning--"the story, if told in the papers, would get your
lordship laughed at."

Hawkesbury falls back baffled. He keeps his face, however, and tells
Aaron the matter may rest until he further considers it.

Aaron visits Oxford, and is wined and dined by the grave college heads.
He talks Bentham and religion to his hosts, and they fall to amiable
disagreement with him.

"We then," he writes in his journal, "got upon American politics and
geography, upon which subjects a most profound and learned ignorance was

Birmingham entertains Aaron; Stratford makes him welcome. He travels
to Edinburgh, and is the victim of parties, dinners, balls, sermons,
assemblies, plays, lectures, and other Scottish dissipations. The bench
and bar cannot get too much of him. Mackenzie, who wrote the "Man
of Feeling," and Walter Scott, who is in the "Marmion" stage of his
development, seek his acquaintance. Aaron sees a deal of these lettered
ones, and sets down in his diary that:

"Mackenzie has twelve children; six of them daughters, all interesting,
and two handsome. He is sprightly, amiable, witty. Scott, with less
softness, has more animation--talks much and is very agreeable."

Aaron stays a month with his Scotch friends, and returns to London. He
resumes the old round of club and drawing-room, with Holland, Melville,
Mulgrave, Castlereagh, Canning, Bentham, Cobbett, Godwin, Lamb, Faseli,
and others political, philosophical, social, literary, and artistic.

One day as he returns from breakfast at Holland House, he finds a note
on his table. It is from Lord Liverpool. The note is polite, bland,
insinuating, flattering. It says, none the less, that "The presence
of Colonel Burr in Great Britain is embarrassing to His Majesty's
Government, and it is the wish and expectation of Government that he

The note continues to the courteous effect that "passports will be
furnished Colonel Burr," and a free passage in an English ship to any
port--not English.

Aaron replies to Lord Liverpool's note, and says that having become, as
his Lordship declares, "embarrassing to His Majesty's Government," he
must, of course, as a gentleman "gratify the wishes of Government by
withdrawing." He adds that Sweden, now he may no longer stay in England,
is his preference.

Aaron goes to Stockholm, and has trouble with the language but none with
the inhabitants, who receive him with open hearts and arms. At once he
is called upon to play the distinguished guest in highest circles, and
does it with usual easy grace. He spends three months in Stockholm, and
two in traveling about the kingdom. The excellence of the roads and the
lack of toll-gates amaze him. Likewise, he is in rapture over Swedish
honesty. He makes an admiring dash at the laws of the realm, and spreads
on his journal:

"There is no country in which personal liberty is so well secured; none
in which the violation of it is punished with so much certainty and
promptitude; none in which justice is administered with so much dispatch
and so little expense."

Aaron attends the opera, and cannot say too much in praise of the
Swedish appreciation of music. He exalts the sensibility of the
Norsemen. Returning from the opera, he lights his candle and writes:

"What most interested me was the perfect attention and the uncommon
degree of feeling exhibited by the audience. Every countenance was
affected by those emotions which the music expressed. In England you
see no expression painted on the faces at a concert or an opera. All
is somber and grim. They cry 'Bravo! bravissimo!' with the same
countenance wherewith they curse."

From Sweden Aaron repairs to Denmark, and takes up pleasant quarters in
Copenhagen. Here he goes in for science, ransacks libraries, and attends
the courts. Studying the Danish jurisprudence, he is struck by that
amiable feature called the "Committees on Conciliation," and resolves to
recommend its adoption in America.

Hamburg next. Here Aaron asks for passports into France. They are not
immediately forthcoming, since under the Corsican passports are more
easily asked for than obtained. While his passports are making, Aaron
is visited by the learned Ebeling, and Niebuhr, privy counselor to the

Aaron takes six weeks and explores Germany.

He sees Hanover, Brunswick, Gottingen, Gotha, Weimar. At Weimar, Goethe
brings him to his house, where he meets "the amiable, good Wieland,"
and is dragged off by Goethe to the theater, and sits through a "serious
comedy" with the Baroness de Stein. He is presented at court, and is
welcomed by the grand duke--Goethe's duke--and the grand duchess. Here,
too, he falls temporarily in love with the noble d'Or, a beautiful lady
of the ducal court. His love begins to alarm him; he fears he may wed
the d'Or, remain in Weimar, and "lapse into a Dutchman." To avoid this
fate, he beats a hasty retreat to Erfurth. Being safe, he cheers his
spirits by writing:

"Another interview, and I would have been lost! The danger was so
imminent, and the d'Or so beautiful, that I ordered post horses, gave a
crown extra to the postilions to whip like the devil, and lo! here I am
in a warm room, with a neat, good bed, safe locked within four Erfurth
walls, rejoicing and repining."

As Aaron writes this, he lays aside his "repining" for the lovely
d'Or, and so far emerges from his gloom as to "draw a dirk," and put to
thick-soled clattering flight one of the local police, who invades
his room with the purpose of putting out the candle. Erfurth being a
garrison town, lights are ordered "out" at nine o'clock. As a mark of
respect to his dirk, however, Aaron's candles are permitted to gutter
and sputter unrebuked until long after midnight.


THE belated passports arrive, and Aaron journeys to Paris. It is
now with him as it was with the unfortunate gentleman, celebrated in
Scripture, who went down into a certain city only to fall among
thieves. Fouché orders his police to dog him. The post office is given
instructions; his letters are stolen--those he writes as well as those
he should receive.

What is at the bottom of all this French scoundrelism? Madison the weak
is president in Washington. That is to say, he is called "president,"
the actual power abiding in Mon-ticello with Jefferson, at whose
political knee he was reared. Armstrong is Madison's minister to France.
Armstrong is a New York politician married to a Livingston, and, per
incident, a promoted puppet of Jefferson's. McRae is American consul at
Paris--McRae, who sat at the back of Wirt and Hay during the Richmond
trial. It is these influences, directed from Mon-ticello, which, in each
of its bureaus, oppose the government of Napoleon to Aaron. By orders
from Monticello, "every captain, French or American, is instructed
to convey no letter or message or parcel for Colonel Burr. Also such
captain is required to make anyone handing him a letter or parcel for
delivery in the United States, to pledge his honor that it contains
nothing from Colonel Burr." In this way is Aaron shut off from his
friends and his supplies. He writes in his diary:

"These vexations arise from the machinations of Minister Armstrong, who
is indefatigable in his exertions to my prejudice, being goaded on by
personal hatred, political rancor, and the native malevolence of his

Aaron waits on Savary, and finds that minister polite but helpless. He
sees Fouché; the policeman is as polite and as helpless as Savary.

He calls upon Talleyrand. That ingrate and congenital traitor skulks out
of an interview. Aaron smiles as he recalls the skulking, limping one
fawning upon him aforetime at Richmond Hill.

Talleyrand puts Aaron in mind of Jerome Bonaparte, now King of
Westphalia, made so by that kingmonger, his brother. His Royal Highness
of Westphalia was, like Talleyrand, a guest at Richmond Hill. He, too,
has nibbled American crusts, and was thankful for American crumbs in
an hour when his official rating, had he been given one, could not have
soared above that of a vagrant out of Corsica by way of France. Aaron
applies for an interview.

"His Royal Highness is engaged; he cannot see Colonel Burr," is the

"I am not surprised," says Aaron. "He who will desert a wife will desert
a friend, and I am not to suppose that one can remember friendship who
forgets love."

Official France shuts and bolts its doors in the face of Aaron to please
the Man of Monticello. Thereupon Aaron demands his passports of the
American minister.

Armstrong, minister, is out of Paris for the moment, and Aaron goes
to Consul McRae. That official, feeling the pressure of the Monticello
thumb, replies:

"My knowledge of the circumstances under which Colonel Burr left the
United States, render it my duty to decline giving him a passport."

Five weeks eaten up in disappointment!

Aaron, who intended remaining but a month in Paris, finds his money
running out. He confides to his diary:

"Behold me, a prisoner of state, and almost without a sou."

Aaron resolves to economize. He removes from his hotel, dismisses his
servants, and takes up garret lodgings in a back street. He jokes with
his poverty:

"How sedate and sage one is," he writes, "on only three sous. Eating my
bread and cheese, and seeing half a bottle of the twenty-five sous wine
left, I thought it too extravagant to open a bottle of the good. I tried
to get down the bad, constantly thinking on the other, which was in
sight. I stuck to the bad and got it all down. Then to pay myself
for this heroism, I treated myself to a large tumbler of the true
Roussillon. I am of Santara's opinion that though a man may be a little
the poorer for drinking good wine, yet he is, under its influence, much
more able to bear poverty." Farther on he sets down: "It is now so
cold that I should be glad of a fire, but to that there are financial
objections. I was near going to bed without writing, for it is very
cold, and I have but two stumps of wood left. By the way, I wear no
surtout these days, for a great many philosophic reasons, the principal
being that I have not got one. The old greatcoat, which I brought from
America, will serve for traveling if I ever travel again."

Although official France shuts its doors on Aaron, unofficial France
does not. The excellent Volney, of a better memory than the King of
Westphalia or the slily skulking Talleyrand, remembers Richmond Hill.
Volney hunts out Aaron in his poor lodgings, laughs at his penury, and
offers gold. Aaron also laughs, and puts back the kindly gold-filled

"Very well," says Volney. "Some other day, when you are a little more
starved. Meanwhile, come with me; there are beautiful women and brave
men who are dying to meet the renowned Colonel Burr."

Again in salon and drawing-room is Aaron the lion--leaving the most
splendid scenes to return to his poor, barren den in the back street.
And yet he likes the contrast. He goes home from the Duchess d'Alberg's
and writes this:

"The night bad, and the wind blowing down my chimney into the room.
After several experiments as to how to weather the gale, I discovered
that I could exist by lying flat on the floor. Here, on the floor,
reposing on my elbows, a candle by my side, I have been reading
'L'Espion Anglos,' and writing this. When I got up just now for pen and
ink, I found myself buried in ashes and cinders. One might have thought
I had lain a month at the foot of Vesuvius."

Aaron, having leisure and a Yankee fancy for invention, decides to
remedy the chimney. He calls in a chimney doctor, of whom there are many
in chimney-smoking Paris, and assumes to direct the bricklaying energies
of that scientist. The _fumiste_ rebels; he objects that to follow
Aaron's directions will spoil the chimney.

"Monsieur," returns Aaron grandly, "that is my affair."

The rebellious _fumiste_ is quelled, and lays bricks according to
directions. The work is completed; the inmates of the house gather
about, as a fire is lighted, to enjoy the discomfiture of the "insane
American"; for the _fumiste_ has told. The fire is lighted; the chimney
draws to perfection; the convinced _fumiste_ sheds tears, and tries to
kiss Aaron, but is repelled.

"Monsieur," cries the repentant _fumiste_, "if you will but announce
yourself as a chimney doctor, your fortune is made."

Aaron's friend, Madam Fenwick, is told of his triumph, and straightway
begs him to restore the health of her many chimneys--a forest of them,
all sick! Aaron writes:

"Madam Fenwick challenged me to cure her chimneys. Accepted, and was
assigned for a first trial the worst in the house. Enter the mason, the
bricks, and the mortar. To work; Madam Fenwick making, meanwhile, my
breakfast--coffee, blanc and honey--in the adjoining room, and laughing
at my folly. Visitors came in to see what was going forward. Much wit
and some satire was displayed. The work was finished. Made a large fire.
The chimney drew in a manner not to be impeached. I was instantly a
hero, especially to the professional _fumiste_, who bent to the floor
before me, such was the burden of his respect."

Griswold, a New York man and a speculator, unites with Aaron; the two
take a moderate flier in the Holland Company stocks. Aaron is made
richer by several thousand francs. These riches come at a good time, for
the evening before he entered in his journal:

"Having exactly sixteen sous, I bought with them two plays for my
present amusement. Came home with my two plays, and not a single sou.
Have been ransacking everywhere to see if some little vagrant ten-sou
piece might not have gone astray. Not one! To make matters worse, I am
out of cigars. However, I have some black vile tobacco which will serve
as a substitute."

With Volney, Aaron meets Baron Denon, who is charmed to know "the
celebrated Colonel Burr." Baron Denon was with Napoleon in Egypt, and is
a privileged character. Denon is a bosom friend of Maret. Nothing will
do but Maret must know Aaron. He does know him and is enchanted. Denon
and Maret ask Aaron how they may serve him.

"Get me my passports," says Aaron.

Maret and Denon are figures of power. Armstrong, minister, and McRae,
consul, begin to feel a pressure. It is intimated that the Emperor's
post office is tired of stealing Aaron's letters, Fouché's police weary
of dogging him. In brief, it is the emperor's wish that Aaron depart.
Maret and Denon intrigue so sagaciously, press so surely, that, acting
as one man, the French and the American officials agree in issuing
passports to Aaron. He is free; he may quit France when he will. He is
quite willing, and makes his way to Amsterdam.

Lowering in the world's sky is the cloud of possible war between England
and America. "Once a subject, always a subject," does not match the
wants of a young and growing republic, and America is racked of a war
fever. The feeble Madison, in leash to Monticello, does not like war and
hangs back. In spite of the weakly peaceful Madison, however, the war
cloud grows large enough to scare American ships. Being scared, they
avoid the ports of Northern Europe, as lying too much within the
perilous shadow of England.

This war scare, and its effect on American ships, now gets much in
Aaron's way. He turns the port of Amsterdam upside down; not a ship
for New York can he find. Killing time, he again gambles in the Holland
Company's shares. He travels about the country. He does not like the
swamps and canals and windmills; nor yet the Dutchmen themselves, with
their long pipes and twenty pairs of breeches. He returns to Amsterdam,
and, best of good fortunes! discovers the American ship _Vigilant_,
Captain Combes.

"Can he arrange passage for America?"

Captain Combes replies that he can. There is a difficulty, however.
Captain Combes and his good ship _Vigilant_ are in debt to the Dutch
in the sum of five hundred guilders. If Aaron will advance the sum, it
shall be repaid the moment the _Vigilant's_ anchors are down in New York
mud. Aaron advances the five hundred guilders. The _Vigilant_ sails out
of the Helder with Aaron a passenger. Once in blue water, the _Vigilant_
is swooped upon by an English frigate, which carries her gayly into
Yarmouth, a prize.

Aaron writes to the English Alien Office, relates how his homeward
voyage has been brought to an end, and asks permission to go ashore.
Since England has somewhat lost interest in Spain, and is on the
threshold of war with the United States, her objections to Aaron
expressed aforetime by Lord Liverpool have cooled. Aaron will not now
"embarrass his Majesty's Government." He is granted permission to
land; indeed, as though to make amends for a past rudeness, the English
Government offers Aaron every courtesy. Thus he goes to London, and is
instantly in the midst of Bentham, Godwin, Mulgrave, Canning, Cobbett,
and the rest of his old friends.

Aaron's funds are at their old Parisian ebb; that loan to Captain
Combes, which ransomed the _Vigilant_ from the Dutch, well-nigh
bankrupted him. He got to like poverty in France, however, and does not
repine. He refuses to go home with Bentham, and takes to cheap London
lodgings instead. He explains to the fussy, kindly philosopher that his
sole purpose now is to watch for a home-bound ship, and he can keep no
sharp lookout from Barrow Green.

Once in his poor lodgings, Aaron resumes that iron economy he learned to
practice in Paris. He sets down this in his diary:

"On my way home discovered that I must dine. I find my appetite in the
inverse ratio to my purse, and I can now conceive why the poor eat
so much when they can get it. Considering the state of my finances, I
bought half a pound of boiled beef, eightpence; a quarter of a pound
of ham, sixpence; one pound of brown sugar, eightpence; two pounds
of bread, eight-pence; ten pounds of potatoes, fivepence; and then,
treating myself to a pot of ale, eightpence, proceeded to read the
second volume of 'Ida.' As I read, I boiled my potatoes, and made a
great dinner, eating half my beef. Of the two necessaries, coffee and
tobacco, I have at least a week's allowance, so that without spending
another penny, I can keep the machinery going for eight days."

At last Aaron's money is nearly gone. He makes a memorandum of the
stringency in this wise:

"Dined at the Hole in the Wall off a chop. Had two halfpence left, which
are better than a penny would be, because they jingle, and thus one may
refresh one's self with the music."

Aaron, at this pinch in his fortunes, seeks out a friendly bibliophile,
and sells him an armful of rare books. In this manner he lifts himself
to affluence, since he receives sixty pounds.

Practicing his economies, and filling his treasury by the sale of
his books, Aaron is still the center of a brilliant circle. He goes
everywhere, is received everywhere; for in England poverty comes not
amiss with the honor of an exile, and is held to be no drawing-room bar.
Exiled opulence, on the other hand, is at once the subject of gravest
British suspicions.

That Aaron's experiences have not warmed him toward France, finds
exhibition one evening at Holland House. He is in talk with the
inquisitive Lord Balgray, who asks about Napoleon and France.

"Sir," says Aaron, "France, under Napoleon, is fast
rebarberizing--retrograding to the darkest ages of intellectual and
moral degradation. All that has been seen or heard or felt or read of
despotism is freedom and ease compared with that which now dissolves
France. The science of tyranny was in its infancy; Napoleon has matured
it. In France all the efforts of genius, all the nobler sentiments and
finer feelings are depressed and paralyzed. Private faith, personal
confidence, the whole train of social virtues are condemned and
eradicated. They are crimes. You, sir, with your generous propensities,
your chivalrous notions of honor, were you condemned to live within the
grasp of that tyrant, would be driven to discard them or be sacrificed
as a dangerous subject."

"What a contrast to England!" cries Bal-gray--"England, free and great!"

"England!" retorts Aaron, with a grimace. "There are friends here whom I
love. But for England as mere England, why, then, I hope never to visit
it again, once I am free of it, unless at the head of fifty thousand
fighting men!"

Balgray sits aghast.--Meanwhile the chance of war between America and
England broadens, the cloud in the sky grows blacker. Aaron is all
impatience to find a ship for home; war might fence him in for years. At
last his hopes are rewarded. The _Aurora_, outward bound for Boston,
is reported lying off Gravesend. The captain says he will land Aaron in
Boston for thirty pounds.

And now he is really going; the ship will sail on the morrow. At
midnight he takes up his diary:

"It is twelve o'clock--midnight. Having packed up my residue of duds,
and stowed my papers in the writing desk, I sit smoking my pipe and
contemplating the certainty of escaping from this country. As to my
reception in my own country, so far as depends on J. Madison & Co., I
expect all the efforts of their implacable malice. This, however, does
not give me uneasiness. I shall meet those efforts and repel them. My
confidence in my own resources does not permit me to despond or even
doubt. The incapacity of J. Madison & Co. for every purpose of public
administration, their want of energy and firmness, make it impossible
they should stand. They are too feeble and corrupt to hold together
long. Mem.: To write to Alston to hold his influence in his State, and
not again degrade himself by compromising with rascals and cowards."

It is in this high vein that Aaron sails away for home, and, thirty-five
days later, sits down to beef and potatoes with the pilot and the
_Auroras_ captain, in the harbor of Boston. He goes ashore without a
shilling, and sells his "Bayle" and "Moreri" to President Kirtland of
Harvard for forty dollars. This makes up his passage money for New York.
He negotiates with the skipper of a coasting sloop, and nine days later,
in the evening's dusk, he lands at the Battery.

It is the next day. The sun is shining into narrow Stone Street. It
lights up the Swartwout parlor where Aaron, home at last, is hearing
the news from the stubborn, changeless one--Swartwout of the true,
unflagging breed!

"It is precisely four years," says Aaron, following a conversational
lull, "since I left this very room to go aboard the _Clarissa_ for

"Aye! Four years!" repeats the stubborn one, meditatively. "Much water
runs under the bridges in four years! It has carried away some of your
friends, colonel; but also it has carried away as many of your enemies."

For one day and night, Aaron and the stubborn, loyal Swartwout smoke and
exchange news. On the second day, Aaron opens offices in Nassau Street.
Three lines appear in the _Evening Post_. The notice reads:

"Colonel Burr has returned to the city, and will resume his practice of
the law. He has opened offices in Nassau Street."

The town sits up and rubs its eyes. Aaron's enemies--the old fashionable
Hamilton-Schuyler coterie--are scandalized; his friends are exalted.
What is most important, a cataract of clients swamps his offices, and
when the sun goes down, he has received over two thousand dollars in
retainers. Instantly, he is overwhelmed with business; never again will
he cumber his journals with ha'penny registrations of groat and farthing
economies. As redoubts are carried by storm, so, with a rush, to the
astonishment of friend and foe alike, Aaron retakes his old place as
foremost among the foremost at the New York bar.


BUSINESS rushes in upon Aaron; its volume overwhelms him.

"This is too much," says he, "for a gentleman whose years have reached
the middle fifties," and he takes unto himself a partner.

Later he takes another partner; the work of the firm overflows into a
quartette of rooms and keeps busy a dozen clerks.

"Why labor so hard?" asks the stubborn Swartwout. "Your income is the
largest at the bar. You have no such need of money."

"Ay! but my creditors have!"

"Your creditors? Who are they?"

"Every soul who lost a dollar by my Southwestern ambitions--you, with
others. Man, I owe millions!"

Aaron works like a horse and lives like a Spartan. He rises with the
blue of dawn. His servant appears with his breakfast--an egg, a plate
of toast, a pot of coffee. He is at his desk in the midst of his papers
when the clerks begin to arrive. All day he is insatiable to work. He
sends messages, receives them, examines authorities, confers with fellow
lawyers, counsels clients, dictates letters. Business incarnate--he
pushes every affair with incredible dispatch. And the last thing he will
agree to is defeat.

"Accept only the inevitable!" is his war-word, in law as in life.

Aaron's day ends with seven o'clock. He shoves everything of litigation
sort aside, helps himself to a glass of wine, and refuses further
thought or hint of business. It is then he calls about him his friends.
The evening is merry with laughter, jest and reminiscence. At midnight
he retires, and sleeps like a tree.

[Illustration: 0357]

"Colonel Burr," observes Dr. Hosack--he who attended Hamilton at
Weehawken--"you do not sleep enough; six hours is not enough. Also, you
eat too little."

Aaron gazes, with comic eye at the rotund, well-fed doctor, the purple
of good burgundy in his full cheeks.

"If I were a doctor, now," he retorts, "I should grant your word to be
true. But I am a lawyer, and must keep myself on edge."

Aaron's earliest care is to write his arrival to the lustrous Theo. The
reply he receives makes the world black.

"Less than a fortnight ago," she says, "your letters would have
gladdened my soul. Now there is no more joy, and life a blank. My boy is
gone--forever dead and gone."

While Aaron sits with the fatal letter in his fingers, his friend Van
Ness comes in. He turns his black eyes on the visitor--eyes misty, dim,
the brightness lost from them.

"What dreams were mine," he sighs--"what dreams for my brave little boy!
He is dead, and half my world has died."

Toward the end of summer, Alston sends word that the lustrous Theo is in
danger. The loss of her boy has struck at the roots of her life. Aaron,
in new alarm, writes urging that she come North. He sends a physician
from New York to bring her to him. Alston consents; he himself cannot
come. His duties as governor tie him. The lustrous Theo, eager to meet
her father with whom she parted on that tearful evening in Stone Street
so many years ago, will start at once. He, Alston, shall later follow

Alston sees the lustrous Theo aboard the schooner _Patriot_, then lying
in Charleston harbor. It is rough December weather when the _Patriot_
clears for New York. The message of her sailing reaches Aaron overland,
and he is on strain for the schooner's arrival. Days come, days go; the
schooner is due--overdue. Still no sign of those watched-for topsails
down _the_ lower bay! And so time passes. The days become weeks, the
weeks months. Hope sickens, then dies. Aaron, face white and drawn, a
ghost's face, reads the awful truth in that long waiting. The lustrous
Theo is dead--like the baby! It is then the iron of a measureless
adversity enters his soul!

Aaron goes about the daily concerns of life, making no moan. He does not
speak of his loss, but saves his grief for solitude. One day a friend
relates a rumor that the schooner was captured by buccaneers, and the
lustrous Theo lives. The broken Aaron shakes his head.

"She is dead!" says he. "Thus is severed the last tie that binds me to
my kind."

Aaron hides his heart from friend and foe alike. As though flying from
his own thoughts, he plunges more furiously than ever into the law.

While Aaron's first concern is work, and to earn money for those whom he
calls his creditors, he finds time for politics.

"Not that I want office," he observes; "for he who was Vice-President
and tied Jefferson for a presidency, cannot think on place. But I owe
debts--debts of gratitude, debts of vengeance. These must be paid."

Aaron's foes are in the ascendant. De Witt Clinton is mayor--the
aristocrats with the Livingstons, the Schuylers and the Clintons, are
everywhere dominant. They control the town; they control the State.
At Washington, Madison a marionette President, is in apparent command,
while Jefferson pulls the White House wires from Monticello. All these
Aaron sees at a glance; he can, however, take up but one at a time.

"We will begin with the town," says he, to the stubborn, loyal
Swartwout. "We must go at the town like a good wife at her
house-cleaning. Once that is politically spick and span, we shall clean
up the State and the nation."

Aaron calls about him his old circle of indomitables.

They have been overrun in his absence by the aristocrats--by the
Clintons, the Schuylers and the Livingstons. They gather at his rooms in
the Jay House--a noble mansion, once the home of Governor Jay.

"I shall make no appearance in your politics," says he. "It would not
fit my years and my past. None the less, I'll show you the road to
victory." Then, with a smile: "You must do the work; I'll be the Old Man
of the Mountain. From behind a screen I'll give directions."

[Illustration: 0363]

Aaron's lieutenants include the Swartwouts, Buckmaster, Strong, Prince,
Radcliff, Rutgers, Ogden, Davis, Noah, and Van Buren, the last a rising
young lawyer from Kinderhook.

"Become a member of Tammany," is Aaron's word to young Van Buren. "Our
work must be done by Tammany Hall. You must enroll yourself beneath its
banner. We must bring about a revival of the old Bucktail spirit."

Van Buren enters Tammany; the others are already members.

Aaron, through his lieutenants, brings his old Tammany Bucktails
together within eight weeks after his return. The Clintons, and their
fellow aristocrats are horrified at what they call "his effrontery."
Also, they are somewhat panic-smitten. They fall to vilification.
Aaron is "traitor!" "murderer!" "demon!" "fiend!" They pay a phalanx of
scribblers to assail him in the press. His band of Bucktail lieutenants
are dubbed "Burrites," "Burr's Mob," and "the Tenth Legion." The
epithets go by Aaron like the mindless wind.

The Bucktail spirit revived, the stubborn Swartwout and the others ask:

"What shall we do?"

The popular cry is for war with England. At Washington--Jefferson at
Monticello pulling on the peace string--Madison is against war. Mayor
De Witt Clinton stands with Jefferson and Marionette Madison. He is for
peace, as are his caste of aristocrats--the Schuylers and those other
left-over fragments of Federalism, all lovers of England from their

"What shall we do?" cry the Bucktails.

"Demand war!" says Aaron. Then, calling attention to Clinton and his
purple tribe, he adds: "They could not occupy a better position for our
purposes. They invite destruction." Tammany demands war vociferously. It
is, indeed, the cry all over the land. The administration is carried
off its feet. Jefferson at last orders war; for he sees that otherwise
Marionette Madison will be defeated of a second term.

Mayor Clinton and his aristocrats are frantic.

The more frantic, since with "War!" for their watchword, Aaron's
Bucktails conquer the city, and two years later the State. As though by
a tidal wave, every Clinton is swept out of official Albany.

Aaron sends for Van Ness, the stubborn Swartwout, and their fellow

"Go to Albany," says he. "Demand of Governor Tompkins the removal
of Mayor Clinton. Say that he is inefficient and was the friend of

Governor Tompkins--being a politician--hesitates at the bold step.
The Bucktails, Aaron-guided, grow menacing. Seeing himself in danger,
Governor Tompkins hesitates no longer. Mayor Clinton is ignominiously
thrust from office into private life. With him go those hopes of a
presidency which for half a decade he has been sedulously cultivating.
Under the blight of that removal, those hopes of a future White House
wither like uprooted flowers.

Broken of purse and prospects, Clinton is in despair.

"He will never rise again!" exclaims Van Ness.

"My friend," says Aaron, "he will be your governor. He will never
be president, but the governorship is yet to be his; and all by your
negligence--yours and your brother Buck-tails."

"As how?" demands Van Ness.

"You let him declare for the Erie Canal," returns Aaron. "You were so
purblind as to oppose the project. You should have taken the business
out of his hands. If I had been here it would have been done. Mark
my words! The canal will be dug, and it will make Clinton governor.
However, we shall hold the town against him; and, since we have been
given a candidate for the presidency, we shall later have Washington

"Who is that presidential candidate to whom you refer?"

"Sir, he is your friend and my friend. Who, but Andrew Jackson? Since
New Orleans, it is bound to be he."

"Andrew Jackson!" exclaims Van Ness. "But, sir, the Congressional
caucus at Washington will never consider him. You know the power of
Jefferson--he will hold that caucus in the hollow of his hand. It is
he who will name Madison's successor; and, after those street-corner
speeches and his friendship for you in Richmond, it can never be Andrew

"I know the Jefferson power," returns Aaron; "none knows it better. At
the head of his Virginia junta he has controlled the country for years.
He will control it four years more, perchance eight. Our war upon him
and his caucus methods must begin at once. And our candidate should be,
and shall be, Andrew Jackson."

"Whom will Jefferson select to follow Madison?"

"Monroe, sir; he will put forward Monroe."

"Monroe!" repeats Van Ness. "Has he force?--brains? Some one spoke of
him as a soldier."

"Soldier!" observes Aaron, his lip curling. "Sir, Monroe never commanded
so much as a platoon--never was fit to command one. He acted as aide to
Lord Stirling, who was a sot, not a soldier. Monroe's whole duty was
to fill his lordship's tankard, and hear with admiration his drunken
lordship's long tales about himself. As a lawyer, Monroe is below
mediocrity. He never rose to the honor of trying a cause wherein so
much as one hundred pounds was at stake. He is dull, stupid, illiterate,
pusillanimous, hypocritical, and therefore a character suited to the
wants of Jefferson and his Virginia coterie. As a man, he is everything
that Jackson isn't and nothing that he is."

Van Ness and his brother Bucktails do the bidding of Aaron blindly. On
every chance they shout for Jackson. Aaron writes "Jackson" letters to
all whom, far or near, he calls his friends. Also the better to have
New York in political hand, he demands--through Tammany--of Governor
Tompkins and Mayor Rad-cliff that every Clinton, every Schuyler, every
Livingston, as well as any who has the taint of Federalism about him be
relegated to private life. In town as well as country, he sweeps the New
York official situation free of opposition.

The Bucktails are in full sway. Aaron privily coaches young Van Buren,
who is suave and dexterous, and for politeness almost the urbane peer of
Aaron himself, in what local party diplomacies are required, and sends
him forward as the apparent controlling spirit of Tammany Hall. What
Jefferson is doing with Monroe in Virginia, Aaron duplicates with the
compliant Van Buren in New York.


Marionette madison is withdrawn from the White House boards at
the close of his second term. Jefferson, working the machinery from
Monticello, replaces him with Marionette Monroe. It is now Aaron begins
his war on the system of Congressional nomination--a system which has
obtained since the days of Washington. He writes to Alston:

"_Our Virginia junta, beginning with Washington, owning Adams, and
controlled by Jefferson, having had possession of the Government for
twenty-four years, consider the nation their property, and by bawling,
'Support the administration!' have so far succeeded in duping the
public. The moment is auspicious for a movement which in the end must
break down this degrading system. The best citizens all over the country
are impatient of the Virginia rule, and the wrongs wrought under it.
Its administrations have been weak; offices have been bestowed merely
to preserve power, and without a smallest regard for fitness. If, then,
there be in the country a man of firmness and decision and standing, it
is your duty to hold him up to public view. There is such a man--Andrew
Jackson. He is the hero of the late war, and in the first flush of
a boundless popularity. Give him a respectable nomination, by a
respectable convention drawn from the party at large, and in the teeth
of the caucus system--so beloved of scheming Virginians--his final
victory is assured. If it does not come to-day, it will come to-morrow;
for 'caucus,' which is wrong, must go down; and 'convention,' which is
right, must prevail. Have your legislature pass resolutions condemning
the caucus system; in that way you can educate the sentiment of South
Carolina, and the country, too. Later, we will take up the business of
the convention, and Jackson's open nomination._"

Aaron writes in similar strain to Major Lewis, Jackson's neighbor and
man of politics in Tennessee. He winds up his letter with this:

"_Jackson ought to be admonished to be passive; for the moment he is
announced as a candidate, he will be assailed by the Virginia junta
with menaces, and those failing, with insidious promises of boons and

On the back of this anti-caucus, pro-convention letter-writing, that
his candidate Jackson may have a proper début, Aaron pulls a Swartwout
string, pushes a Van Ness button. At once the obedient Bucktails proffer
a dinner in Jackson's honor. The hero accepts, and comes to town. The
town is rent with joy; Bucktail enthusiasm, even in the cider days and
nights of Martling, never mounted more wildly high.

Aaron, from his back parlor in the old Jay house, directs the
excitement. It is there Jackson finds him.

"I shall not be at the dinner, general," says Aaron; "but with Van Buren
and Davis and Van Ness and Ogden and Rutgers and Swart-wout and the
rest, you will find friends and good company about you."

"But you?"

"There will be less said by the Clintons and the Livingstons of traitors
and murderers if I remain away. I owe it to my past to subdue lies and
slanders to a smallest limit. No; I must work my works behind bars and
bolts, and in darkened rooms. It is as well--better! After a man sees
sixty, the fewer dinners he eats, the better for him. I intend to live
to see you President; not on your account, but mine, and for the grief
it will bring my enemies. And yet it may take years. Wherefore, I must
save myself from wine and late hours--I must keep myself with care."

Aaron and the general talk for an hour.

"And if I should become President some day," says Jackson, as they
separate, "you may see that Southwestern enterprise of ours revived."

"It will be too late for me," responds Aaron. "I am old, and shall be
older. All my hopes, and the reasons of them are dead--are in the grave.
Still"--and here the black eyes sparkle in the old way--"I shall be glad
to have younger men take up the work. It should serve somewhat to wipe
'treason' from my fame."

"Treason!" snorts the fiery Jackson. "Sir, no one, not fool or liar,
ever spoke of treason and Colonel Burr in one breath!"

There is a mighty dinner outpouring of Buck-tails, and Jackson--the
"hero," the "conqueror," the "nation's hope and pride," according to
orators then and there present and eloquent--is toasted to the skies. At
the close of the festival a Clintonite, one Colden, thinks to test the
Jackson feeling for Aaron. He will offer the name of Aaron's arch enemy.

The wily Colden gets upon his feet. Lifting high his glass he loudly

"De Witt Clinton!"

The move is a surprise. It is like a sword thrust, and Van Buren,
Swartwout, Rutgers, and other Bucktail leaders know not how to parry it.
Jackson, the guest of honor, is not, however, to be put in the attitude
of offering even tacit insult to the absent Aaron. He cannot reply in
words, but he manages a retort, obvious and emphatic. As though the word
"Clinton" were a signal, he arises from his place and leaves the room.
The thing is as unmistakable in its meaning, as it is magnificent in its
friendly loyalty to Aaron, and shows that Jackson has not changed since
that street-corner Richmond oratory so disturbing to Wirt and Hay. Also,
it removes whatever of doubt exists as to what will be Aaron's place in
event of Jackson's occupation of the White House. The maladroit Colden,
intending outrage, brings out compliment; and, as the gaunt Jackson goes
stalking from the hall, there descends a storm of Bucktail cheers,
and shouts of "Burr! Burr!" with a chorus of hisses for Clinton as the
galling background. Throughout the full two terms of Marionette Monroe,
Aaron urges his crusade against Jefferson, the Virginia junta, and King
Caucus. His war against his old enemies never flags. His demand is for
convention nominations; his candidate is Jackson.

In all Aaron asks or works for, the loyal Bucktails are at once his
voice and his arm. In requital he shows them how to perpetuate
their control of the town. He tells them to break down a property
qualification, and extend the voting franchise to every man, whether he
be landholder or no.

"Let's make Jack as good as his master," says Aaron. "It will please
Jack, and hurt his master's pride--both good things in their way."

It is a rare strategy, one not only calculated to strengthen Tammany,
but drive the knife to the aristocratic hearts of the Clintons, the
Livingstons and the Schuylers.

"Better be ruled by a man without an estate, than by an estate without a
man!" cries Aaron, and his Bucktails take up the shout.

The proposal becomes a law. With that one stroke of policy, Aaron
destroys caste, humbles the pride of his enemies, and gives State and
town, bound hand and foot, into the secure fingers of his faithful

Time flows on, and Aaron is triumphant. King Caucus is stricken down;
Jefferson, with his Virginians are beaten, and Jackson is named by a

In the four-cornered war that ensues, Jackson runs before the other
three, but fails of the constitutional majority in the electoral
college. In the House, a deal between Adams and Clay defeats Jackson,
and Adams goes to the White House.

Aaron is unmoved.

"I am threescore years and ten," says he--"the allotted space of man.
Now I know that I am to live surely four years more; for I shall yet see
Jackson President."

Adams fears Aaron, as long ago his father feared him. He strives to win
his Bucktails from him with a shower of appointments.

"Take them," says Aaron to his Bucktails. "They are yours, not
his--those offices. He but gives you your own."

Aaron, throughout those four years of Adams, tends the Jackson fires
like a devotee. Van Ness is astonished at his enthusiasm.

"I should think you'd rest," says he.

"Rest? I cannot rest. It is all I live for now."

"But I don't understand! You get nothing."

The black eyes shoot forth the old ophidian sparks. "Sir, I get
vengeance--and forget feelings!"

[Illustration: 0377]

Adams comes to his White House end, and Jackson is elected in his
place. Jackson comes to New York, and he and Aaron meet in the latter's
rooms--pleasant rooms, overlooking the Bowling Green. They light their
long pipes, and sit opposite one another, smoking like dragons.

Jackson is the one who speaks. Taking the pipe from his lips, he says:

"Colonel Burr, my gratitude is not wholly declamatory."

"General," returns Aaron, "the best favor you can show me is show favor
to my friends."

"That I shall do, be sure! Van Ness is to become a judge, Swartwout
collector, while Van Buren goes into my Cabinet as Secretary of State.
Also I shall say to your enemies--the Clintons and those other proud
ones--that he from New York who seeks Andrew Jackson's appointment, must
come with the approval of Colonel Burr."

Jackson is inaugurated.

"I am through," says Aaron--"through at four and seventy. Now I shall
work a little, play a little, rest a deal; but no more politics--no more
politics! My friends are triumphant. As for my foes, I leave them to
Providence and Andrew Jackson."


AARON goes forward with his business--his cases in court, his
conferences with clients. Accurate as an Alvan-ley in dress, slim,
light, with the quick step of a boy, no one might guess his years. The
bar respects him; his friends crowd about him; his enemies shrink away
from the black, unblinking stare of those changeless ophidian eyes. And
so with his books and his wine and his pipe he sits through the serene
evenings in his rooms by the Bowling Green. He is a lion, and strangers
from England and Germany and France ask to be presented. They talk--not
always wisely or with taste.

"Was Hamilton a gentleman?" asks a popinjay Frenchman.

Aaron's black eyes blaze: "Sir," says he, "I met him!"

"Colonel Burr," observes a dull, thick Englishman, who imagines himself
a student of governments--"Colonel Burr, I have read your Constitution.
I find it not always clear. Who is to expound it?"

Aaron leads our student of governments to the window, and points, with a
whimsical smile, at the Broadway throngs that march below.

"Sir," he remarks, "they are the expounders of our Constitution."

Aaron, at seventy-eight, does a foolish thing; he marries--marries the
wealthy Madam Jumel.

They live in the madam's great mansion on the heights overlooking the
Harlem. Three months later they part, and Aaron goes back to his books
and his pipe and his wine, in his rooms by the Bowling Green.

It is a bright morning; Aaron and his friend Van Ness are walking
in Broadway. Suddenly Aaron halts and leans against the wall of a
house--the City Hotel.

"It is a numbness," says he. "I cannot walk!"

The good, purple, puffy Dr. Hosack comes panting to the rescue. He finds
the stricken one in his rooms where Van Ness has brought him.

"Paralysis!" says the good anxious Hosack.

Aaron is out in a fortnight; numbness gone, he says. Six months later
comes another stroke; both legs are paralyzed.

There are to be no more strolls in the Battery Park for Aaron. Now and
then he rides out. For the most part he sits by his Broadway window and
reads or watches the world hurry by. His friends call; he has no lack of

The stubborn Swartwout looks in one afternoon; Aaron waves the paper.

"See!" he cries. "Houston has whipped Santa Ana at San Jacinto! That
marks the difference between a Jefferson and a Jackson in the White
House! Sir, thirty years ago it was treason; to-day, with Jackson,
Houston and San Jacinto, it is patriotism."

Winter disappears in spring, and Aaron's strength is going. The hubbub,
the bustle, the driving, striving warfare of the town's life wearies. He
takes up new quarters on Staten Island, and the salt, fresh air revives
him. All day he gazes out upon the gray restless waters of the bay. His
visitors are many. Nor do they always cheer him. It is Dr. Hosack who
one day brings up the name of Hamilton.

"Colonel, it was an error--a fearful error!" says the doctor.

"Sir," rejoins Aaron, the old hard uncompromising ring in his tones,
"it was not an error, it was justice. When had his slanders rested?
He heaped obloquy upon me for years. I stood in his way; I marred his
prospects; I mortified his vanity; and so he vilified me. The man was
malevolent--cowardly! You have seen what he wrote the night before he
fought me. It sounds like the confession of a sick monk. When he stood
before me at Weehawken, his eye caught mine and he quailed like a
convicted felon. They say he did not fire! Sir, he fired first. I heard
the bullet whistle over my head and saw the severed twigs. I have lived
more than eighty years; I dwell now in the shadow of death. I shall soon
go; and I shall go saying that the destruction of Hamilton was an act of

"Colonel Burr," observes the kindly doctor, "I am made sorry by your
words--sorry by your manner! Are you to leave us with a heart full of

The black eyes do not soften.

"I shall die as I have lived--hating where I'm hated, loving where I'm

The last day breaks, and Aaron dies--dies

"What lies beyond?" asks one shortly before he goes.

"Who knows?" he returns.

"But do you never ask?"

"Why ask? Who should reply to such a question?--the old, old question
ever offered, never answered."

"But you have hopes?"

"None," says Aaron steadily. "And I want none. I am resolved to die
without fear; and he who would have no fear must have no hope." So he
departs; he, of whom the good Dr. Bellamy said: "He will soar as high to
fall as low as any soul alive."


*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "An American Patrician, or The Story of Aaron Burr - Illustrated" ***

Doctrine Publishing Corporation provides digitized public domain materials.
Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians.
This effort is time consuming and expensive, so in order to keep providing
this resource, we have taken steps to prevent abuse by commercial parties,
including placing technical restrictions on automated querying.

We also ask that you:

+ Make non-commercial use of the files. We designed Doctrine Publishing
Corporation's search system for use by individuals, and we request that you
use these files for personal, non-commercial purposes.

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort
to Doctrine Publishing's system: If you are conducting research on machine
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a
large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the use of
public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help.

+ Keep it legal -  Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for
ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just because
we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States,
that the work is also in the public domain for users in other countries.
Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we
can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of any specific book is
allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Doctrine Publishing
means it can be used in any manner anywhere in the world.
Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe.