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Title: Harper's Young People, January 24, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly
Author: Various
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, January 24, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.


       *       *       *       *       *


Tuesday, January 24, 1882. Copyright, 1882, by HARPER & BROTHERS. $1.50
per Year, in Advance.

       *       *       *       *       *

[Illustration: BOY'S HEAD.--BY GREUZE.--[SEE PAGE 202.]]



  The wind may blow the snow about,
    For all I care, says Jack,
  And I don't mind how cold it grows,
    For then the ice won't crack.
  Old folks may shiver all day long,
    But I shall never freeze;
  What cares a jolly boy like me
    For winter days like these?

  Far down the long snow-covered hills
    It is such fun to coast,
  So clear the road! the fastest sled
    There is in school I boast.
  The paint is pretty well worn off.
    But then I take the lead;
  A dandy sled's a loiterer,
    And I go in for speed.

  When I go home at supper-time,
    Ki! but my cheeks are red!
  They burn and sting like anything;
    I'm cross until I'm fed.
  You ought to see the biscuit go,
    I am so hungry then;
  And old Aunt Polly says that boys
    Eat twice as much as men.

  There's always something I can do
    To pass the time away;
  The dark comes quick in winter-time--
    A short and stormy day.
  And when I give my mind to it,
    It's just as father says,
  I almost do a man's work now,
    And help him many ways.

  I shall be glad when I grow up
    And get all through with school,
  I'll show them by-and-by that I
    Was not meant for a fool.
  I'll take the crops off this old farm,
    I'll do the best I can.
  A jolly boy like me won't be
    A dolt when he's a man.

  I like to hear the old horse neigh
    Just as I come in sight,
  The oxen poke me with their horns
    To get their hay at night.
  Somehow the creatures seem like friends,
    And like to see me come.
  Some fellows talk about New York,
    But I shall stay at home.



Any one who is well acquainted with boys knows what a common thing it is
for them to get up a circus. So there is nothing extraordinary in that
to write about. But some of the things that happened at Todd and
Ketchum's "Grate Show" were a little out of the common way.

One of these things was that the Giant fought and fell apart. How he
managed to do it will be explained further on.

Rufus Todd was twelve, and Harry Ketchum eleven; but they felt very much
grown up, because each was the eldest of several brothers and sisters,
and the younger ones were always spoken of as "the children." Rufus's
brother San (his name was Alexander, and it seemed too much of a name
for so small a boy) always wanted to do the things he did; but Rufe was
very apt to frown, and tell him he was too little.

When Todd and Ketchum were getting up their "Grate Show," Mr. Ketchum,
Harry's father, said, "You don't spell it right."

"Oh yes, we do, sir," replied Rufe, who thought that Mr. Ketchum didn't
know much about shows; "that is the way Artemus Ward spelled his."

Mr. Ketchum laughed, and said, "Oh, well, if you want to spell it just
as Artemus does, that is all right."

He kindly helped them with the large handbill which they got ready to
nail in front of the tent, and said that he thought it would attract
crowds. It was to be hoped not, for the tent was a queer affair, made of
sheets and quilts and unsteady poles, and it wouldn't take very much to
topple it over. But they had no misgivings.

San Todd was sent around the village, which was a very small one, to ask
people to buy tickets for the "Grate Show," as the proprietors thought
it would be scarcely dignified to go themselves; and San, who was a very
exact, straight-forward little fellow, thought it his duty to describe
to the people just what they were going to see.

"We've got a Giant," he would say, "and a Dwarf, and a Bearded Lady, and
a Elephant, and Rufe _thinks_ he can make a wild Indian, mebbe."

The last part always made them laugh, and quite a number of tickets were
disposed of.

One of San's first visits was made to Mrs. Williams, a lady who, with
her daughter, was boarding for the summer at Dr. Gurner's. Miss Fanny
was quite a grown-up young lady, and San said she was the nicest-looking
girl he had ever seen; he particularly wanted her to come to the show.

But she had gone out for a walk; so the little boy saw Mrs. Williams,
and asked her if she would let Miss Fanny come.

"Will you take good care of her if I do?" said the lady, smiling at him
very pleasantly.

"Yes, ma'am," was the prompt reply; "she shall have a reserved seat, if
she pays for it."

It did not occur to San that this was rather a queer way of inviting a
young lady to go to an entertainment.

"And what is the price of a reserved seat?" continued Mrs. Williams.

"Eight cents," replied the young ticket seller. "You can see every thing
there; and six cents for the next, where you don't see much; and four
cents for the places where you can't see anything."

"I don't believe I can go," said Miss Fanny's mother, "but here is the
money for a reserved seat for Fanny. Suppose, though, that she should be
rather late--she is going to town to-morrow--wouldn't some one else get
her seat?"

"No, _ma'am_!" very emphatically; "Miss Fanny'll have her seat, even if
she don't come at all."

Mrs. Williams couldn't see just how this was to be managed; but she
thought that to hear San in his capacity of ticket vender was quite
worth the money.

The next afternoon was the day of the show, and the weather was bright
and pleasant. A great many people came--so many, that they couldn't all
get into the tent at once, and those who did get in were politely
requested to move about carefully for fear of its coming down.

When the show began it was discovered that the Bearded Lady had a very
youthful face, and in spite of the fringe of hair tied under her chin,
and her sitting cross-legged upon a high box with a cushion on it,
everybody soon recognized Susie Ketchum.

It was mean of people to say that the Dwarf was not small for his age,
just because they saw it was Willie Todd dressed up, when he had a
little pillow on his back for a hump, and all. And if the Elephant (Mr.
Ketchum's hired man on his hands and knees, with a gray blanket thrown
over him) _did_ drop his trunk, it was only because it wasn't properly
fastened on.

The Giant, though, was superb; he towered up to the very ceiling, and
looked so fierce and terrible, with his swarthy skin and huge mustache,
that, though the spectators _thought_ they saw Rufe Todd's blue eyes
twinkling in the upper story, they didn't dare to believe it. Besides,
how could he have lengthened himself out so?

So they all just stared in amazement. But presently there were some
queer movements about the middle of the human structure, and a smothered
voice seemed to proceed from its stomach. Then there was an
unmistakable "Get out!" a response of "You did that on purpose," and the
Giant suddenly broke in two, while the halves took to hitting each
other. The tent was dragged down with him; the children screamed, and
everybody scrambled. But when they got out from the sheets and quilts,
they all began to laugh, even the two pieces of the Giant, Rufe and
Harry, who had found it more uncomfortable to be one than they expected.

Just at this time Miss Fanny arrived, and as soon as she saw San, she
said, "And where is my reserved seat, young man?"

"That is all right," was the smiling reply; "nobody hasn't sat in it."

"Ladies and gentlemen," said Rufus, coming forward with a very handsome
bow, "the circus is over."

"That is very evident," replied Miss Fanny, laughing with the others;
and San considered it quite a compliment that she said it was the
funniest circus she ever saw.

Nobody could have been so unfeeling as to remark she hadn't seen it at



Were you ever down by the beach when the wind was blowing in from the
open sea? Did you see the white-caps? Did you see the surf as one great
green wave after the other came marching in, and fell over with a
magnificent roar on the beach, while the salt spray filled all the air
with briny fragrance? If you have seen these splendid sights, you
remember how the waves seemed to march along in a great procession
before the strong wind. Strange sights are these, yet the way in which
the wind starts the waves and keeps them moving is stranger still.

If you go to Sandy Hook, or to Rockaway, or Coney Island by boat, you
will see some of these things. The wind blows upon the water, and as it
moves very easily, a part of the water is pushed up into little heaps by
the wind. If the wind is light, these tiny heaps are small, and soon
fall down again. When the wind ruffles the water in this way, we call it
a ripple. When the wind blows stronger, it pushes up more water, and we
call these heaps and ridges waves. As the wind keeps on blowing in the
same direction, the heaps rise and fall quickly, and the waves appear to
move along over the surface of the water in a great procession. It is
really only an appearance. The water does not move along, but only up
and down, as the motion started by the wind passes over the surface.
However, for our purposes, it is enough to describe things just as they

Under the waves the water is calm and still. The huge billows that roll
over the sea in storms are seldom much more than fifteen feet high, and
they pass over the surface without disturbing the water beyond the depth
of a few feet. Every wave has a top, a middle part, and a bottom, or
lower part. When a wave coming in from the sea approaches the shore, the
bottom of the wave strikes the land first. The sand catches and holds it
back and makes it go slower. The top of the wave, not feeling this
friction against the ground, rushes forward, leaving the lower part
behind. As the wave comes nearer to the beach, the bottom part is held
back more and more, and the whole wave tips over. It pitches forward as
if tripped up, and the top rushes onward swiftly, while the lower part
lags behind. The crest, or upper edge, rises higher, for there is no
room for it all to pass, and it lifts up as if trying to stand upright.
The air gets caught under the crest of the wave in front, and in a
moment the wave, unable to rise any higher, falls flat on its face upon
the sand. The air caught under it bursts out with a roaring sound, and
escapes through the water in a million white bubbles that make the water
look like milky foam.

The white-caps you see upon the open water are made in the same way. The
wind seems to be impatient that the waves move so slowly, and it knocks
their caps off, and the poor waves seem to get very mad about it, and to
grow quite white in the face. The top of the wave tries to rush ahead of
the lower part, and tumbles over in the foaming water-fall the sailors
call a white-cap.

When a wave reaches the shore, something very curious happens. The
bottom of the wave strikes the ground first. The wave drags over the
sand as it passes on toward the beach, and draws some of the loose sand
after it. First, the smaller and lighter grains are rolled along or
lifted up and carried a short distance by the wave. As the water grows
more shallow, the wave scrapes and drags over the sand, and the larger
grains and even small pebbles are rolled along after the lighter sand.
But the wave must go slower here, and thus it lets go its hold and drops
its load. When it has passed, the sand, that may have been level before,
is raised into a low ridge or windrow. The smaller and lighter grains,
being carried farthest, are dropped in one place, and the heavier grains
and small pebbles are dropped in another place.

The next wave may stir up and drag along more sand, and lay it down, all
sorted out, on the ridge. Other waves may follow, and do the same thing,
and so the heap begins to grow: the baby sand-bar has been born. It may
have been a mere trifle that started it just there--a crab or the bones
of a dead fish, some gravel dropped from a piece of melting ice, a stray
bit of sea-weed. No matter what it was, or how trifling the obstruction,
the loose sand rolled along by the wave caught just there, and was left
behind; the next wave left a little more, and each in turn added to the

Waves are very irregular in size, and perhaps some big fellow may lift
up more sand than he can carry, and may drop it all in one place. Then
for some time the weather may be pleasant, and the tiny ridge, perhaps
not a quarter of an inch high, and twenty feet wide, may rest awhile.
Then a storm comes, with large waves, and when they meet this slight
obstruction they go over it more slowly, and drop part of their loads
upon it. So it may grow very fast in a single day. In front, toward the
sea, the sand will be scooped out in long trenches, and behind it will
be a stretch of deeper and smoother water. After that every wave that
comes in stumbles and appears to trip just there, and there are
white-caps over that spot even in pleasant weather. When the smooth
swelling rollers are coming in from the sea, they appear to be angry
every time they strike their feet on the hidden bar, and they tumble
over with a roar, and show a white feather of foam in their caps.

The sand-bar, once started, never stops growing or changing. It grows
wider and higher, or it changes its shape, twisting about in the
strangest manner. Smaller bars spring up upon it, or disappear only to
grow up in another place. At last, some spring day, when the tides run
low, the bar appears above the water. Strange things have happened to
it. The fish have made it their home, lively crabs scamper about on the
wet sand, and thousands of clams find a snug resting-place there.

One day last summer I found one of these young sand-bars cast up by a
storm at the eastern point of Coney Island, near the inlet at the end of
the Marine Railway. It was so strange that I took a shot at it with my
camera, and here it is. It is a very small affair, and you may not be
able to find it next summer, for I dare say the next storm tore it all
to pieces, or carried it away and put it somewhere else.

[Illustration: FINGERS OF THE SEA.]

You see the long, low heap of sand thrown up by the waves. Beyond is the
sea looking toward Rockaway. Behind the bar is a long pool of still
water, and you can see how the waves, in pushing the sand forward, drove
it into the pool in long fingers, or capes. See the sea-weed and
rubbish thrown up by the surf. It is all sorted out, the larger pieces
at the top, and the smaller bits trailing along toward the pool. All the
light sand is arranged by itself next the pool of still water. This bar
was thrown up on top of the beach by a storm, yet it serves to show how
the sand-bars made under water look. Even on shore you can hear the bars
roaring and moaning all day and night, as the great work of the sea goes
on, never stopping, never hurrying, for centuries after centuries.



I am an old smoker, that is past all doubt; but I was a young smoker as
well. I can remember my first smoke as if it was but yesterday. It was a
fine day in June, and I was about twelve years old. Three of us, all at
about the same advanced period of life, felt a noble ambition to show
ourselves men as soon as possible, and we concluded that, while it might
do for girls to spend their money on candies and pies, every boy who had
any self-respect would prefer the manly pleasure of a smoke.

We raised about a quarter among us, and bought three clay pipes and some
tobacco. We began to show our manliness at recess. We got behind the
school-house, into the nook of an old snake fence, and lit our pipes.

The results were terrible. I do not mean the mere flogging we all got
for not being back in school after recess, for in those good old days a
flogging more or less was a thing of no importance. I mean the agony of
head and stomach we endured during this first attempt at manly
enjoyments. I remember how we saw each other getting paler and paler,
how our caps distressed us, how our neckties seemed to choke us, and how
a cold perspiration broke out, how we hung limp and feeble over the
fence, and how we finally lay upon the grass thinking that our last
moments were approaching.

We did not any of us die, however, and in my case at least much good was
accomplished. My ambitious views were checked, and I never could bear
the smell of tobacco for full ten years.

There is plenty of evidence to show that the use of tobacco by boys at
the time when they ought to be growing absolutely stunts their growth.
It undoubtedly hurts their digestion. Dr. Hammond says that tobacco
impairs both sight and hearing, and that he has seen several instances
of boys having their eyes seriously, if not incurably, injured by

It should always be borne in mind that many things which a full-grown
man can do without hurting himself may be very harmful to the growing
boy, who requires all his powers to promote his physical development. I
therefore do not say, "Take a vow never to touch tobacco," but I do say,
"Never touch it until you are old enough to know whether you can use it
without injury to yourself."

Whenever you hear anybody speaking in praise of tobacco, you must
remember he is speaking of tobacco and not of cheap cigars. "Young man,"
said an old smoker, "that cigar contains acetic, formic, butyric,
valeric, and proprionic acids, prussic acid, creosote, carbolic acid,
pyrodine, virodine, and cabbagine, and burdockic acid."

The old gentleman was laying it on too heavy, perhaps, for even a bad
cigar. He was not exaggerating, however, if he was speaking of the
modern cigarette. The cigarettes now sold in every cigar store and in
every street consist chiefly of bad paper, bad tobacco, and dirt. Many
of them contain worse ingredients, such as opium. The effect they
produce when used immoderately is much worse than any results of tobacco

In the famous Polytechnic School of France, the difference between the
pupils who smoked cigarettes and those who did not was so marked that
the use of tobacco was prohibited in all government schools. At the
Naval School at Annapolis, Commodore Parker was so struck with the evil
that he consulted Dr. Hammond in regard to it. The doctor's reply was
that he had no doubt that the smoking of cigarettes was injurious to the
cadets, for he had constant evidence of the fact in his private

The paper in which the cheap tobacco is rolled for cigarettes is of poor
quality, producing empyreumatic oil, which contains creosote in large
quantities. The odor they give out is ranker, fouler, and more acrid
than that from a clay pipe. From a cigar to a cigarette the descent is
from the sublime to the ridiculous.

We are not talking, however, about smoking in general, but about this
modern fashion of cigarette smoking by boys. It is far worse than pipes
or cigars. One old smoker who dropped into poetry occasionally wrote,

  "Smoke not, ingenuous youth, or if you do,
  I recommend clay pipes and 'honey-dew.'"

I would prefer to say, "Smoke not at all, my ingenuous boy; but whatever
you do, smoke no cigarettes." The nicotine will hurt your nervous
system, and by weakening the action of the heart will diminish the force
of the circulation of the blood. Your hands will begin to tremble, your
memory to be affected. You will not be able to enjoy or take part in a
good honest out-of-doors game. You will lose your appetite, as well as
weaken your brain.

Apart from the inferior quality of the tobacco from which cigarettes are
made, the method of smoking them is the most injurious possible. The
smoke, whether inhaled or blown out through the nostrils, produces
dryness in the fine membrane which lines the mouth, the speaking
apparatus at the head of the windpipe becomes enfeebled, and the voice
loses the sweetness and liquidity of its tones. "Every boy," writes Dr.
Sayre, "who desires to become an orator should never smoke a cigarette."

And now last but not least, cigarette smoking makes you look ridiculous,
as it shows at once that you are a novice, and do not know good tobacco
from bad.


[1] Began in No. 101, HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE.

An Indian Story.



Before long, Murray came back with the results of his hunting expedition.

"A fine fat doe," said Steve, when his friend threw down his game in
front of the fire.

"Now for a cooking time," replied Murray, "and then we must have a good

"I'll do a little eating, too, while I'm cooking."

Neither of them neglected that duty, but Murray took the two plump
hind-quarters of the doe and roasted them whole.

How?--with no stove, no oven, no kitchen tools of any sort or

Two forked sticks were set firmly in the ground on either side, in front
of the fire, and a strong stick laid across from fork to fork at about
four feet from the ground. Then a leg of venison, hung to this
cross-piece by a thong of raw deer-skin, was turned round and round
until the thong would twist no tighter. When it was let go, the weight
of the meat kept it from untwisting too fast.

This was precisely what our great-grandmothers used to call a
"roasting-jack," and all it required was that somebody should wind it up
when it ran down, so that the meat would be evenly done all over.

Meantime the broiling and eating of smaller pieces went right on. Their
long ride and hard work had given Steve and Murray both good appetites.

"Now, Steve, lie down. Sleep all you can."

"Sha'n't you take a rest?"

"Don't need much. Young eyes call for more sleep than old ones. Never
mind me. I'll call you when the time comes."

Steve was used to obeying Murray, and was glad enough to do so now. He
was quickly asleep under a spreading tree, while Murray sat down before
the fire, as if to "mind the roast."

There was something more important than venison for him to think of,
however. He had taken off his hat, and his white head was bare. With the
strong light of the camp fire shining upon his weather-beaten face, he
would have made a good subject for a painter.

He was thinking deeply, so deeply that at last he thought aloud:

"I am a white man. I've been an Indian long enough. Yes, I think I'll
try it. That would be better than killing all the Apaches between this
and the California line."

He did not explain what it was he meant to try, but the stern expression
on his face grew milder and milder, until it almost seemed as if he were
smiling. Even Steve Harrison had never seen him do that.

The venison roasts were wound up, twisted tight again and again, and at
last they were taken off.

"They'll do. I'll give 'em an hour to cool, and then we must be off."

The hour went by, and then Steve felt himself rudely shaken by the

"You can't have it," grumbled Steve. "That gold's ours. I killed it
myself, and we're roasting it now."

"Dreaming, are you? Wake up, Steve. It's time we were moving. We've a
long night ride before us."

"How late is it?"

"No watch; can't say exactly. But I reckon we can reach the valley by
sunrise, and not overwork our horses. They're both in good condition."

The two wiry, swift-footed mustangs, in spite of all they had been
through, were ready now for another long pull, but they were likely to
stand it better in the cool night hours than under the hot sun. In a few
minutes more the two friends were in the saddle.

They had not ridden far before Murray suddenly exclaimed,

"I'm going to do a queer thing, Steve Harrison."

"You won't go back to the Lipans?"

"Queerer than that. I'm going to ride straight in among that band of

"What for?"

"I can't exactly say as yet. Will you go with me?"


It turned out that Murray was nearly right in his calculation of the
time they would reach the valley. It was just as the light of the
rising sun grew strong and bright that he and Steve stood on the slope
at the lower edge of the forest, and looking through the spy-glass saw
the white tilts of the two wagons of the miners.

"They've roused up early," said Murray.

"Looks as if they were setting out on a hunt or a scout."

"So it does. There they go. Steve, we must ride after those fellows."

"What for?"

"To stop 'em. They'll only run their heads against the Apaches, and
leave their camp to be plundered by the Lipans."

"They're in a trap, Murray."

"Come on, Steve!"

But the distance was not less than a couple of miles, and the miners had
prepared beforehand for that "early start." It was all against the will
of Captain Skinner, and the bad temper he was in only made him start
more promptly and ride faster.

"Tell ye what, boys," he said to the rest, as they galloped on behind
him, "I'll give ye all the scouting you want this morning."

At that moment Murray was saying, "We must catch those fellows and send
them back. What are they going so fast for? Why, it'll be a regular

It was very much like one after a little. Steve and Murray rode rapidly,
but it takes a great deal of swift running to catch up with men who have
more than two miles the start.

"We'll catch 'em, Murray."

"If we don't, it'll be a bad race for them. I kind o' feel as if the
lives of those men were the prize we're riding for."

Mile after mile went by, and the excitement of it grew to be something

"The Apaches can't be far ahead of 'em now, Murray."

"Hark! Hear that?"

"A rifle-shot! A whoop!"

"They are pulling up."

"They'd better. I'm afraid we're too late, Murray."

"On--on, Steve! Maybe there's time yet."

Captain Skinner had already seen and heard enough to make him halt, and
he was gathering his men rapidly into close order, when a long, ringing
shout behind him drew his anxious eyes from the dangerous-looking
"signs" now gathering in his front.


Yes, danger signs. Wild, dark, painted horsemen, riding hither and
thither and nearer and nearer, growing more and more numerous every

These were the signs that Many Bears and his warriors meant to stand
between any approaching enemy and the camp of their squaws and children.

The shout was from Murray.

"Don't shoot!"

In a few seconds more the old man was reining in his panting mustang
among the startled and gloomy-faced miners.

"Where did you drop from?" was the cool, steady question of Skinner.

"Never you mind. Is Bill here?"

"He and his two mates are on guard at the camp. I know ye now. You're
them two mining fellers. You met Bill and--"

"Yes, I met Bill, but there's no time for talk now. You take your men
straight back to camp. It's the only show you've got left."

"Reckon we can beat off a few beggarly Apaches."

"Don't talk. Ride for your camp. If you get there before the Lipans do,
take your wagons into the pass, and stay there till they get by. Don't
strike a blow at them. They'd be too much for ye."

"Lipans? Going for our camp? Boys, 'bout face! Ride for your lives!"

For so small a man he had a great deal of voice, and his command was
instantly obeyed, but he paused long enough to ask of Steve and Murray,

"What about you two?"

"Us? We'll stay and keep the Apaches from chasing you."

"Won't they scalp you?"

"Not a bit. But there's one thing you may do. If by any chance you have
a talk with the Lipans, you tell them where you saw us last. Tell the
chief from me that No Tongue and Yellow Head are all right, only their
horses are tired following your trail and the Apaches."

"Hope I won't meet him. You're the queerest pair I ever saw; but I wish
the boys had let me follow out the word you sent in by Bill."

"Too late now. Ride out of this the best gait your horse knows."

This was good advice, and Captain Skinner took it.

Meanwhile the old man sat quietly in his saddle, with Steve Harrison at
his side, as if they two were quite enough to stem the torrent of fierce
whooping Apaches, sweeping down upon them across the plain.

"Our lives are worth about as much as our title to that mine," said
Steve; and it was no shame to him that he felt his young heart beat
pretty rapidly.

"Sling your rifle behind you on the saddle. Fold your arms. Sit still.
I'll do the talking."


The storm of dark horsemen was headed by Many Bears in person, and it
was barely two minutes more before he was reining in his pony in front
of the two "pale-face Lipans."

"How!" said Murray, quite heartily, holding out his right hand, with the
open palm up, while he put his left upon his breast.

"How!" replied the chief, with a little hesitation, but a dozen voices
around him were shouting,

"Send Warning!"

"Knotted Cord!"

"Pale-face friends of Apaches!"

It was plain that the description given of them by Red Wolf and the
girls had been quite accurate enough for their instant recognition.

"Other pale-faces run away. Why you stay?"

"Don't know them. Strangers. Run away from Apache chief. Chief must not

"Why not follow?"

"Run against Lipans. Have big fight. Lose many warriors. All for
nothing. Better go back."

"Send Warning is a good friend. Do what he say. You come?"

"Yes. We come. Trust friend."

Steve listened in silent wonder. He had never heard Murray speak a word
about the Apaches that was not full of distrust of their good faith as
well as hate of their ferocity. Yet here he was treating them with
absolute confidence. Steve felt quite sure he would have hesitated, for
his own part, to meet a band of Lipans in that way.

He did not understand Indian character as well as Murray, in spite of
his three years among them. A man who came to them conferring benefits,
and betraying no doubt of their good faith, was as safe among them as if
he had been one of their own people.

It also occurred to Steve that this was hardly what Murray had been sent
out for by To-la-go-to-de, but his devotion to the interests of that
chief was not strong enough to make him care much.

Whatever might be Murray's intentions, Steve had firmly decided that as
far as he himself was concerned there would be no going back to give any
report of the "scouting."

The Apaches wheeled toward the west, and Send Warning and Knotted Cord
rode on at the side of Many Bears.




Mr. Thompson was lying in the shade on the bank of a small pond. He had
come out to read, he said, but no sooner had he thrown himself on the
soft turf than an irresistible desire to sleep came upon him; so,
pillowing his head on his book, he closed his eyes.

"Cut-a-ka-chunk, cut-a-ka-chunk," croaked a big green frog down in the

"I wish you'd keep still," growled Mr. Thompson.

"He's-goin'-to-sleep, he's-goin'-to-sleep," answered the frog, in a deep
bass voice.

"Just-hear-him-snore, just-hear-him-snore," piped a little green fellow,
sitting on a lily pad.

Mr. Thompson was getting angry. "I'm not asleep," he shouted.

"Don't-you-get-mad, don't-you-get-mad," urged the old frog.

This was too much. Mr. Thompson sat up and looked around. Directly in
front of him, in the edge of the pond, sat a great bull-frog, dressed in
a green coat, a canary-colored vest, and dark brown knee-breeches. He
winked at Mr. Thompson sociably, and remarked, "How-do-you-do?
how-do-you-do? how-do-you-do?"

"Pretty well," answered Mr. Thompson; "but I'm very sleepy."

"Come-take-a-swim," advised the frog, laconically.

"I would," said Mr. Thompson, hesitating, "only I'm afraid I'd get wet,
and spoil my clothes."

"Never-hurts-mine, never-hurts-mine," answered the frog, jumping into
the pond and taking a few strokes.

"But you see my clothes are not like yours," explained Mr. Thompson.

"Look-just-the-same, look-just-the-same," answered the frog.

Mr. Thompson looked down at his vest; the white had changed to
lemon-color; his sober black pantaloons were metamorphosed into natty
snuff-colored knee-breeches; and worst of all, his alpaca duster had
become a tight green cut-away coat.

"If Angelina should see me in this rig, what would she say?" murmured
Mr. Thompson, in despairing tones.

"Better-come-in, better-come-in," croaked the frog, with something like
a smile on his broad mouth.

"I guess I will," thought Mr. Thompson, and plunging head first he dived
into the pond. He soon came up with his mouth full of mud. That, of
course, annoyed him, but he was more interested in how the mud got into
his mouth, for, diving as he did, he should have struck the top of his
head. He put his hand up to feel. Horror! instead of touching the top of
his head, he thrust his hand into his mouth. He felt again; _his mouth
was on the top of his head_. He climbed up on a lily pad, and looked at
his reflection in the water. He could hardly believe his eyes; there was
no Mr. Thompson; only a great green and yellow frog. The other frog was
sitting not far off, watching him with an air of amusement.

"There are some boys on the bridge, and they are going to throw stones
at us," whispered the old frog. Mr. Thompson forgot his sudden change of
appearance, and assuming his most pompous manner, he shouted,
"You-mustn't-do-that, you-mustn't-do-that."

"You old fool," bellowed the old frog, as he plunged into the water.

Mr. Thompson thought discretion to be the better part of valor, and

"He's gone under," remarked one of the boys, regretfully. "Wouldn't he
have made a splendid fry?"

Mr. Thompson rose with his nose under a lily pad and shuddered. His
friend came up beside him. "What did you want to speak for when those
boys were there? You only let them know where we were," he said, rather
crossly. "That is the reason we wear green coats, so that we can sit
among the lily pads and not be seen."

Mr. Thompson replied that he had forgot himself, and spoke without
thinking. "So that's the reason for wearing green coats?" he added.

"Yes," replied the old frog. "Now you see my son here wears brown long
clothes," he added, pointing to a pollywog that wiggled up to him. "That
is because he stays on the bottom, and if he sees a boy, he keeps still,
and his enemies think that he is a lump of mud or a stone."

"Ah," said Mr. Thompson, "and green coats have been in fashion for a
long time?"

"Ever since the days of Homer. Don't you remember in Homer's poem, 'The
Battle of the Frogs and Mice,' he says, 'Green was the suit his arming
heroes chose'?"

"Oh yes," answered Mr. Thompson.

"My great-grandfather was in that battle, and my uncle was the original
frog who would a-wooing go," continued the old frog; "but you know he
got eaten up. He was a French frog, I think; at least I never saw an
American frog with an opera hat."

How much more the old frog would have said Mr. Thompson never knew, for
there on the bank he saw his beloved Angelina, sitting beside his
deserted book, weeping as if her heart would break.

"I am here, dear one," he shouted. At the same moment he felt a
sensation of dampness, and found himself lying half in the pond. He rose
and accompanied Miss Angelina home; then, after putting on dry clothes,
he related his adventures to a company of his friends. All were
interested except one skeptical young man.

"But if my story is not true, how did I come in the pond?" argued Mr.

"You got asleep, and rolled in; then when you felt wet, you dreamed that
you were a frog," said the skeptical young man.

"That's not at all likely," sniffed Mr. Thompson, indignantly.

"Likely or not, it's undoubtedly true."

"Listen," said Mr. Thompson. Then far down in the marsh was heard the
faint sound of the frog's chorus:

  "Thompson-got-wet, Thompson-got-wet--
        Ha, ha, ha, ha;
  Guess-he-is-yet, guess-he-is-yet--
        Ha, ha.
  Had-to-go-home, had-to-go-home--
        Ha, ha, ha, ha;
  He'd-better-not-come, he'd-better-not-come--
        Ha, ha."

"What do you say to that?" cried Mr. Thompson, shaking his head
triumphantly, as he walked off to bed.


For most young people, going to school is the great business of life.
Whatever ups and downs may occur in the family, they keep steadily on,
learning lessons, reciting them, getting merits and demerits, and
growing through it all as fast as they can toward the time when they
shall be men and women.

The ancients--who are so called because when they lived this old world
was young--had a wise saying about a sound mind in a sound body, which
fathers and mothers in these days seem to have quite forgotten, if they
ever heard it. Else how does it happen that Alice and Fanny, who never
have the least appetite in the morning, are permitted to go to school,
after a very slender breakfast, with a few cents in their pockets to buy
lunch; and that Walter and Howard, with their heads full of other
declensions, decline to take even so much as a sandwich, on the plea
that they have no time to eat at noon?


Growing boys and girls need to eat if they are to be rosy, plump, and
strong. Yet we can not blame children for disliking the usual school
luncheon, which is seldom dainty-looking or inviting to the taste;
sandwiches roughly and thickly cut, the bread clumsily buttered, and the
meat in chunks instead of slices, cake crumbling and soggy, pickles, and
pie that has been wedged into a dinner box for hours, are none of them
the proper food for exhausted brains.

Of course, where it is possible, a run home between the morning and
afternoon sessions of school, and a nice luncheon at the prettily set
home table, with mamma smiling at the head, are the very best things to
keep children well. Many reasons combine to make this arrangement very
inconvenient, however, for most schools. The necessary prompt
re-assembling after the noon recess would be out of the question where
pupils live, as they frequently do, several miles distant from the
school building.


How would you like the idea of a school restaurant of your own, little
folks? On the bill of fare we would have every day nice hot soup, good
home-made bread, both white and brown, baked potatoes, apple sauce, rice
pudding, crisp celery, cold ham, and ripe fruit, served at the order of
the pupil-diner, at a daily cost of a few cents. We think there are
clever women who could manage such an enterprise so that it would pay
them very fair profits, and we are sure that if mammas and papas were
consulted, they would consider it an economy to have their children well
fed every day. It would save an immense amount in doctors' bills to some

That wonderful machine, the human body, is not unlike a stove, in which
the fire will not keep on burning cheerily unless it is replenished from
time to time with fuel. Now the very worst fuel in the world for the
human stove is composed of pickles on the one hand, and creams and
confections on the other. If the brain is to perform its high offices as
it ought, the stomach must receive due attention.

After a comfortable luncheon at the school restaurant, we should advise
the boys and girls to petition for a half-hour of merry play
out-of-doors in pleasant weather. Snow-balling, coasting, and skating
would not be amiss, for after the rapid exercise the mind would return
to study not jaded and tired, but fresh and vigorous. In stormy weather
a dance or a half-hour of calisthenics would set the blood to merry
motion in the veins, and we would not see children coming home from
school at four irritable and cross, or so often hear the family doctor
say, "You must take that child from school."

We would just remind fathers and mothers that at present the only
children who are sure of a good dinner at noon are the little waifs who
go to the industrial schools, and for whom charity provides at least one
hearty meal a day.



[See front-page illustration.]

This charming head is from a beautiful oil-painting by the great French
painter Greuze, who a century ago was famous for depicting little folks
with his brush and pencil.

Jean Baptiste Greuze was born in 1725 at Tournus, a little manufacturing
town in the Department of Saône-et-Loire, in the south of France. From
his early boyhood he developed the inclination and taste for art which
later made him one of the first of French painters. His first studies
were made in Lyons, a great manufacturing centre, not very far from his
native town. From Lyons he went to Paris, and was so successful that he
was enabled to fulfill his ambition of visiting Rome, where he pursued
his studies for a considerable period.

Greuze had the deepest love and affection for children, and was never so
happy as when painting them. For this reason we find that his pictures
are not stiff little photographs of sedate and unnaturally wise young
people, but that they have the frank unconsciousness and joyous serenity
of youth. They are real children, and truth is as essential to greatness
in the world of art as it is to greatness in the human character.

In his mode of life Greuze was eccentric and unhappy. He had the great
fault of thriftlessness, and carelessness of his personal affairs, and
when he died in 1805, in his eightieth year, he was reduced to a
condition of miserable poverty. It is sad to contemplate so wretched an
end to the life of one whose artistic creations will be admired and
respected as long as art endures.



In the little Italian village of Possagno there lived a jolly
stone-cutter named Pisano. He was poor, of course, or he would not have
been a stone-cutter, but he was full of good-humor, and everybody liked

There was one little boy especially who loved old Pisano, and whom old
Pisano loved more than anybody else in the world. This was Antonio
Canova, Pisano's grandson, who had come to live with him, because his
father was dead, and his mother had married a harsh man, who treated the
little Antonio roughly.

Antonio was a frail little fellow, and his grandfather liked to have him
near him during his working hours.

While Pisano worked at stone-cutting, little Canova played at it, and at
other things, such as modelling in clay, drawing, etc. The old
grandfather, plain, uneducated man as he was, soon discovered that the
pale-faced little fellow at his side had something more than an ordinary
child's dexterity at such things.

The boy knew nothing of art or of its laws, but he fashioned his lumps
of clay into forms of real beauty. His wise grandfather, seeing what
this indicated, hired a teacher to give him some simple lessons in
drawing, so that he might improve himself if he really had the artistic
ability which the old man suspected. Pisano was much too poor, as he
knew, ever to give the boy an art-education and make an artist of him,
but he thought that Antonio might at least learn to be a better
stone-cutter than common.

As the boy grew older, he began to help in the shop during the day,
while in the evening his grandmother told him stories or sang or recited
poetry to him. All these things were educating him, though without his
knowing it, for they were awakening his taste and stimulating his
imagination, which found expression in the clay models that he loved to
make in his leisure hours.

It so happened that Signor Faliero, the head of a noble Venetian family,
and a man of rare understanding in art, had a palace near Pisano's
house, and at certain seasons the nobleman entertained many
distinguished guests there. When the palace was very full of visitors,
old Pisano was sometimes hired to help the servants with their tasks,
and the boy Canova, when he was twelve years old, sometimes did
scullion's work there also for a day when some great feast was given.

On one of these occasions, when the Signor Faliero was to entertain a
very large company at dinner, young Canova was at work over the pots and
pans in the kitchen. The head servant made his appearance, just before
the dinner hour, in great distress.

The man who had been engaged to furnish the great central ornament for
the table had, at the last moment, sent word that he had spoiled the
piece. It was now too late to secure another, and there was nothing to
take its place. The great vacant space in the centre of the table
spoiled the effect of all that had been done to make the feast artistic
in appearance, and it was certain that Signor Faliero would be sorely

But what was to be done? The poor fellow whose business it was to
arrange the table was at his wits' end.

While every one stood dismayed and wondering, the begrimed scullion boy
timidly approached the distressed head servant, and said,

"If you will let me try, I think I can make something that will do."

"You!" exclaimed the servant; "and who are you?"

"I am Antonio Canova, Pisano's grandson," answered the pale-faced little

"And what can you do, pray?" asked the man, in astonishment at the
conceit of the lad.

"I can make you something that will do for the middle of the table,"
said the boy, "if you'll let me try."

The servant had little faith in the boy's ability, but not knowing what
else to do, he at last consented that Canova should try.

Calling for a large quantity of butter, little Antonio quickly modelled
a great crouching lion, which everybody in the kitchen pronounced
beautiful, and which the now rejoicing head servant placed carefully
upon the table.

The company that day consisted of the most cultivated men of
Venice--merchants, princes, noblemen, artists, and lovers of art--and
among them were many who, like Faliero himself, were skilled critics of

When these people were ushered in to dinner their eyes fell upon the
butter lion, and they forgot for what purpose they had entered the
dining-room. They saw there something of higher worth in their eyes than
any dinner could be, namely, a work of genius.

They scanned the butter lion critically, and then broke forth in a
torrent of praises, insisting that Faliero should tell them at once what
great sculptor he had persuaded to waste his skill upon a work in butter
that must quickly melt away. But Signor Faliero was as ignorant as they,
and he had, in his turn, to make inquiry of the chief servant.

When the company learned that the lion was the work of a scullion,
Faliero summoned the boy, and the banquet became a sort of celebration
in his honor.

But it was not enough to praise a lad so gifted. These were men who knew
that such genius as his belonged to the world, not to a village, and it
was their pleasure to bring it to perfection by educating the boy in
art. Signor Faliero himself claimed the right to provide for young
Antonio, and at once declared his purpose to defray the lad's expenses,
and to place him under the tuition of the best masters.

The boy whose highest ambition had been to become a village
stone-cutter, and whose home had been in his poor old grandfather's
cottage, became at once a member of Signor Faliero's family, living in
his palace, having everything that money could buy at his command, and
daily receiving instruction from the best sculptors of Venice.

But he was not in the least spoiled by this change in his fortunes. He
remained simple, earnest, and unaffected. He worked as hard to acquire
knowledge and skill in art as he had worked to become a dexterous

Antonio Canova's career from the day on which he moulded the butter into
a lion was steadily upward; and when he died, in 1822, he was not only
one of the most celebrated sculptors of his time, but one of the
greatest, indeed, of all time.




"How's my Jenny?" the man stammered, looking down at the tiny creature
in her chair. Jenny never looked so little as when she was alone with
her father. "How's my Jenny Wren, best of children?"

"Go away," said the little voice, sharp and harsh with pain and shame.
"Go away to your corner." She held her hands up between them.

This father, who did nothing for his child, except to make her feel
ashamed and grieved, shook from head to foot as he stood before her. His
cheeks were blotched with patches of dull yellow and patches of dark
red. His clothes were so torn and worn they hardly held together on him,
and when he tried to put up his hand to his scanty gray hair, he made
all sorts of motions with it before he could get it to his head.

How do you think it would seem to you, my happy children of good and
loving parents, to look on such a man as this, miserable and shameful
from head to foot, and brought to such ruin by himself, and then have to
say to yourself, "It is my father"?

The children on the street laughed and hooted at him as he came
staggering home to his little lame daughter. But, oh! it wasn't funny to
little Jenny Wren.

She pointed to the chair that stood against the wall, farthest away from
her own, and he went past it two or three times before he could reach it
and sit down.

"Oh, you bad child!" cried Jenny, in a broken voice. "Come, come, you
know what I'm waiting for. If there's any money left, let me take care
of it. Put it here," striking the arm of her chair; "all you have left;
every cent."

If Jenny had not spoken sharply, even crossly, she could not have made
her "child" mind at all.

He fumbled with his pockets, which looked so much like the other holes
in his clothes, and at last he stumbled toward her and laid down a few

"Is this all?" Jenny asked. It was very little.

"All; got no more; gentleman's word for it."

Lizzie heard most of this sad scene in her little room overhead, and
when she heard the father go groping up the stairs, and fall heavily on
his bed in the room next to hers, she hurried down to Jenny with her
heart full of pity and love.

"What are you thinking of, Jenny darling?" she said, laying her hand on
the bright hair which was now shaken down over the small misshapen
shoulders, and covered the whole tiny figure with its soft yellow waves.

"I was thinking," said Jenny, with her small chin in her hands, "what I
would do to _him_ if he should turn out to be a drunkard."

"Him" always meant the husband little Jenny firmly believed was some
time going to come for her and take her out of all her trouble.

"Oh, but he won't," said Lizzie, cheerfully. "You'll take care of that

"Yes, I shall try to take care of it beforehand; but, Lizzie, you know,
he might deceive me. Oh, my dear, I _couldn't_ bear it in _him_. I would
do some dreadful thing to him--I know I should."

"No, you wouldn't, dear."

"Well," said the little creature, after a pause, and speaking in her
softer voice again, "you generally know best, Lizzie; but, oh! you
haven't got a bad child to make you sick and tired!" And then the poor
little dolls' dressmaker cried with her head on Lizzie's shoulder.

       *       *       *       *       *

One day Lizzie had a holiday, and she and Jenny set out to walk into the
city by the pleasant river-side. Lizzie carried Jenny's little
scrap-basket on her arm, and they were in luck, for a man driving a
market wagon saw the small figure and the crutch, with the beautiful
hair flowing around them, and stopped his horses, nodded respectfully to
Lizzie, and asked if they wouldn't like a lift. So they rode into

"You'll like my fairy godmother," said Jenny, after the teamster put
them down, as they went along the narrow street of St. Mary Axe. "He has
a very nice old face and a long white beard."

"He!" said Lizzie, wondering.

"Oh yes, he!" Jenny answered, promptly. "A man can be a godmother if
he's the right kind, can't he?"

They stopped in front of a yellow house with the blinds drawn down.
Jenny struck the door smartly with her crutch, and it was opened by a
man in an old-fashioned coat with long skirts and wide pockets. He was
old; the top of his head was bald and shining, and long gray hair
beginning just above his ears flowed down and mixed with his beard.

"It's a holiday, godmother," said Jenny, smiling at him, "and I've
brought my Lizzie-Mizzie-Wizzie I've told you of, you know. Godmother's
name's Riah," she added, turning to Lizzie.

The old man bowed very low to Lizzie, and helped Jenny over the sill.

"I've come for more waste," said Jenny, meaning the remnants of lace,
ribbon, beads, and other finery, which with other odd things were on
sale in the shop where this quiet old man was the clerk.

He led them into this shop at the back of the house, and when Jenny had
picked out and paid for what she needed, she said,

"Now take us up to your garden, godmother. We've got all day, and
there's some lunch, and Lizzie's going to read to me. Come."

The old man looked pleased, and went before them to the second floor,
and then up a narrow flight of steps to a door in the roof. Pushing this
door aside, he came down and carried Jenny up, and Lizzie followed.

As they came out upon the roof, a light cool wind caught up Jenny's
bright hair, and Lizzie exclaimed, "How kind you are, Mr. Riah, to let
us come up here!"

And it was a pleasant place.

An old canvas awning stretched between three of the chimneys made a nice
shade, without shutting out the view on any side. A square of
bright-colored carpet was spread on the roof under the awning; around
the big blackened chimney a green creeper had been trained, and together
with some boxes of evergreens and flowers made the place look and smell
like a garden.

The girls sat down, and invited Mr. Riah to sit by them, and have some
of the fruit and sandwiches they had brought. But just as he was about
to do this, a thin, fretful voice called out from below,

"Where are you, old chap?"

"It's my master," said Mr. Riah, hurrying away.

"His master!" repeated Lizzie, in surprise.

Jenny nodded her head, and looked vexed.

"Godmother's poor," said she, "but a good fairy for all that. This ain't
his place, and these ain't his things I buy. He works for somebody else,
just as we do, and somebody else gets the most of him, just as they get
the most of us, Lizzie-Mizzie-Wizzie. Never saw the man, but I suspect
he's a beast."

"Sh! they're coming," said Lizzie.

The old man, followed by a young slim man with a thin foxy face, came
out upon the roof. Lizzie rose, with her book in her hand.

"I can't get up, whoever you are," said Jenny, promptly, "because my
back's bad and my legs are queer."

"This is my master, Mr. Fledgeby," said Mr. Riah, as he came forward.

"Don't look like anybody's master," exclaimed Jenny.

"This, sir," the old man went on, "is a little dressmaker for little
people.--Explain to the master, Jenny."

"Dressmaker for dolls," said Jenny, hitching her chin and her eyes with
that look which made her seem so old and sharp and wise. "They're very
difficult to fit, too, Mr. Master Fledgeby, because their figures are so
uncertain; you never know where to expect their waists."

"This is the little one's friend," said Mr. Riah, pointing to Lizzie.
"Worthy girls both, sir. They are busy early and late, and at times,
when they have a holiday, they take to book-learning."

"Not much good to be got out of that," said Mr. Fledgeby.

"Depends upon the person," exclaimed Jenny, with a snap of her teeth,
that made it seem as if her eyes snapped too.

"The way I came to know them," said the old man, "was by Miss Jenny's
coming to buy of our remnants and waste for her work."

"She's been buying that basketful to-day, I suppose, then?" Mr. Fledgeby

"I suppose she has," cried Jenny, with another little snap, "and paying
for it too, most likely."

"Let's have a look at it," said the foxy-faced young man. "How much for
this, now?"

"Two precious silver shillings. Put it down, please; it's paid," Jenny

He set the basket down, but not until he had poked his finger about in

"Do _you_ buy anything here, miss?"

"No, sir," said Lizzie.

"Do you _sell_ anything?"

"No, sir."

Jenny put up her hand, and pulled Lizzie down beside her.

"We come here to rest, sir. It roars down there," waving her hand toward
the city, "and it sometimes smokes up here," lightly touching the big
chimney where she sat. "But it's so high, and you see the clouds rushing
on above the narrow streets, and you feel as if you were dead."

"How do you feel when you are dead?" asked Mr. Fledgeby, staring at her
in surprise.

"Oh, full of peace and thankfulness," said the little creature, smiling.
"You don't work, you just rest, and you hear the people who are alive
crying and working and calling to one another down in the close, dark,
noisy streets, and you pity them, for the burden has fallen off from
you, and you feel so strange, so easy, and light."

They all looked at her in silence.


"Why, it is only just now," she said, turning to old Mr. Riah, "that I
thought I saw you come up out of your grave. You came up through the
dark narrow door in the roof, and you were all bent over, and hot and
tired; but then you took a breath, and stood up straight, and looked
round at the sky, and the wind blew your white beard on your breast, and
your life down in the dark was over--until _you_ called him back to

Her voice changed as she said these last words with a sudden little snap
at Mr. Fledgeby. "_Why_ did you call him back? _You_ are not dead, you
know. Go down to life." She pointed one little forefinger, and turned
her small head, and shook her bright hair, and looked wonderfully like a
small cunning bird of much golden plumage.

As they started to go down, she caught at Mr. Riah's long gown. "Don't
be gone long," said she. "Come back and be dead." And they heard the
sweet voice following after, more and more faintly, half calling, half
singing, "Come up and be dead, come up and be dead."

"My dear," said Jenny that night, when they were at home again and going
to bed, "the master _is_ a beast, and he wants to eat up my godmother,"
which was the little creature's odd way of saying that she felt sure old
Mr. Riah worked very hard for very little money under the foxy-faced
young man he called his master.




  Here's a picture of Dot
  As she sat at her ease
  With a letter she'd got.
  "Dear Dot," it began,
  "We so want you to come!
  'Twas to-day we began
  Our new plan of 'At Home.'

  "There is Mollie and me
  And our new dolls, you know,
  Whom you're certain to see.
  We give plum-cake at tea,
  Besides sweets when you go.
  Your friend I remain,
  With much love, as you know."


  A duet, if you please, between Norman and Grace;
  Sister Olive is player; she's there in her place;
  Tiny Grace is Soprano, and Norman is Bass.


  Little Grace is so eager she can not keep time,
  But runs on ahead without reason or rhyme.

  "Sing slower!" cries Norman; "it is not a race;
  Still slower, Soprano, and _do_ keep your place."

  "It is Olive," says Gracie; "what _is_ she about?
  She waited too long there, and quite put me out."

  "No, indeed," answers Olive, that mark means a 'rest';
  You don't understand, Grace--indeed I know best."

  "Try again. Ah! that's better, by far than before;
  Now if people were here, they would cry out 'Encore,'
  Which means, you know, Gracie, 'Please sing it once more.'"



  Finch and Goldie,
    Redpole fine,
  In the corn field
    Came to dine.

  "Oh! what is that?"
    They startled cry,
  All in a flutter
    Rushing by.

  "Look, silly birds,
    And you will know
  It can not hurt,"
    Cawed Father Crow.

  "Tis but a thing
    'Gainst nature's law,
  Only a sham--
    'A man of straw.'"


  Cries Tom, in the bath, "I'm a seal at the Zoo."
  Says Ted, on the rug, "Then I'm glad I'm not you."
  "Ah, but, Ted," answers Tommy, "you know you're my brother;
  And if _I_ am a seal, why, you _must_ be another!"


[Illustration: OUR POST-OFFICE BOX.]

We want to tell you a little story, by way of introducing the letters
this week. The other day three boys we know went off for an afternoon's
skating. The ice was as smooth as glass, and they flew over it like the
wind, sometimes describing great circles, sometimes spinning around like
tops, then cutting all sorts of pretty fancy figures, and again racing
along as fast as their skates could go.

After a while Fred paused for breath. On the bank of the pond he saw a
schoolmate, who was watching the sport with wistful eyes.

"I declare, boys," said Fred to Harry and Phil, "I don't believe that
fellow has had a chance to skate this winter. He hasn't any skates, I'm

"Skates?--not he. A good many days, I'm afraid, he don't get any
dinner," answered Harry, as he finished a splendid pigeon-wing.

"Well"--Fred smothered a little sigh as he spoke, but he spoke
bravely--"I think it's mean for us to have so much fun while he has
none, and here goes! I say, Dan," he shouted to the boy on the bank,
"come, take a turn on the ice. I'll lend you my skates awhile."

Dan needed a little urging, but the other boys, who liked their comrade
none the less because he happened to be poorer than themselves,
insisted, and the rest of the time he was among the skaters instead of

They all went home happier than usual, for those who do kind things are
always repaid by the double delight they feel, and those who accept
kindness gracefully are the happier for it too. How many of you boys and
girls are enjoying the luxury of helping others along the way? We like
to think that every day some of you are making the world gladder by
simply doing the best you can wherever you happen to be. Do not wait for
the chance to distinguish yourselves by great deeds, but seize the
little opportunities as they come. It may be only amusing a fretful
child, or helping a dull one to learn a hard lesson, or sewing a rip in
an unlucky brother's gloves, or, as these three little fellows did,
loaning a pair of skates, but believe me no unselfish action is ever
done in vain.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I have a nice auntie in Washington, who sends me YOUNG PEOPLE every
     week, and I have all but the first six numbers. I was out at
     Shortsville this summer visiting my cousins; and while I was there
     we had the play given in YOUNG PEOPLE No. 92, "Mother Michel and
     Her Cat," and it was a great success. I was Mother Michel.

     I have a toy Mr. Stubbs, sent me by a kind gentleman in Washington
     who had read the story of "Toby Tyler." We have three birds-- But
     there! I must not write any more, for if I do I fear my letter will
     be too long to publish, and I want it to be printed, as I would
     like to surprise my auntie. I am glad Mr. Otis is having so good a
     time with his little yacht.

  MINA L. C.

       *       *       *       *       *

The little people who, like Mina, wish Mr. Otis a pleasant voyage, will
be glad to read another letter from his pen:


     Since it is neither a large nor important water-course, some of the
     readers of YOUNG PEOPLE may not know where the Pasquotank River is;
     but as it can readily be found on the map, those who care to read
     more about the cruise of the _Toby Tyler_ should learn about it
     from their books, in order to better understand the direction taken
     by the little yacht after it came out of the Dismal Swamp. It will
     be remembered that the yacht arrived at the terminus of the canal
     quite late at night, so that it was impossible for any of the party
     to judge of the river they were to enter; but they had been told it
     was very crooked, and, without any other reason, all believed the
     journey of twenty-three miles to Elizabeth City would be a tedious

     Never were travellers more pleasantly surprised than were those on
     the _Toby_ during that Saturday morning sail.

     The start was made about eight o'clock, just after the birds had
     cleared the breakfast things away, and were beginning their
     forenoon concert. The large audience, composed of the crickets,
     flowers, and leaves, were all in the best of moods, because the
     singing was really good, as well as in perfect harmony, and
     everything around was as bright and gay as possible, save, perhaps,
     the steward, who had fallen against the boiler and burned one of
     his ears.

     The first two miles sailed after the last canal lock had been
     passed was not different from the trip through the swamp, for the
     little stream which ran into the river from the canal had been
     widened and straightened until it had almost ceased to be a natural
     water-course. But when the yacht glided around a sharp curve of the
     stream into the river, each one rubbed his eyes to assure himself
     that he was awake, and not dreaming of some land enchanted by the
     perfume and beauty of the flowers that were everywhere in the
     greatest profusion. They had crept to the very tops of the tallest
     trees, and then reaching down to the water, had left behind long,
     beautifully colored wreaths; they hung from every branch, and
     peeped from behind each tree trunk, disputing possession with the
     long gray moss, that seemed suddenly to have grown pale because of
     the almost overpowering perfume. Each side of the river seemed to
     be a bank of flowers, from out of which the branches of the trees
     rose like stems, while one could almost fancy the country one
     immense dish of water, in which flowers had been placed profusely,
     and that the wind had blown them apart, leaving a narrow channel
     for the yacht.

     In the midst of such beauty the _Toby_ seemed suddenly to have
     grown dingy-looking and dirty, and although she was at once decked
     out in her brightest flags and most brilliant adornments, the
     flowers put to blush any such feeble attempts at beautifying.

     There was no question as to the truth of the statement that the
     river was crooked; it was much as if some one had marked out a
     number of W's, into which the water had flowed. It was necessary to
     sail almost directly first toward one bank, and then back, in the
     opposite direction, to the other, in order to keep in the channel;
     but no one regretted the devious course that made the journey
     longer, since the way was through the flower-trimmed trees on water
     so smooth and mirror-like that the foliage appeared as if painted
     on it.

     Sometimes, when sailing around a bend in the river, the voyagers
     would come suddenly upon the gnarled and bleached trunk of some
     gigantic tree that uprose from amid the blooming forest like a
     withered stalk in a bouquet, causing everything around it to look
     more bright and cheerful because of the contrast.

     There had been times during the journey when the yacht did not move
     through the water fast enough to satisfy some of the party, but
     during this sail there was not one who did not regret he was
     leaving so quickly a river so beautiful as this.

     Although the Pasquotank is a charming stream throughout its entire
     course, its banks are not thus literally lined with flowers more
     than ten miles, but after that the scenery is sufficiently
     beautiful to make it interesting without approaching so near to

     When the _Toby_ was about ten miles from Elizabeth City a
     draw-bridge was seen just ahead. It was not different from most
     other bridges, and yet it was approached with wonder and curiosity,
     for on it were nearly as many negroes as could be crowded there
     without too much risk that some of them would fall overboard. There
     were old men and women, young men and girls, and children of all
     ages, from a good-sized boy down to the tiniest and blackest of
     darky babies. Perhaps they were surprised at seeing the little
     yacht coming so swiftly toward them; certain it is that those on
     the _Toby_ were surprised at seeing such a company, and awaited the
     meeting with no small degree of curiosity.

     "Is yer gwine ter 'Liz'beth?" asked an old gray-headed darky, as he
     opened the draw of the bridge cautiously, as if he feared the yacht
     might escape him if he made ready for her coming too quickly.

     On being told that the yacht was on her way to Elizabeth, he,
     assisted by nearly all present, told the reason of the assembling.
     They were all anxious to reach the city in order to attend a
     Conference which was to be held on the following day; the steamer,
     due some hours earlier, had not arrived, and they were waiting for
     her with many fears as to whether she would come during the day. As
     soon as the story had been told, the entire party began to plead
     that they be taken on board the _Toby_, with a force and
     earnestness that resulted in a terrible din.

     There was not room enough on the little boat for one-tenth of the
     would-be passengers; but it was almost impossible to convince the
     anxious ones of that most palpable fact, and after every one on the
     yacht had screamed himself nearly hoarse in the effort, they were
     made to understand that but five of the party could be taken. It
     was comical, the sight they presented as they tried to decide as to
     whom the fortunate ones should be; each one urged that he or she
     was most needed at the Conference, and as each was overruled by the
     rest, they would loudly urge their claims to the party on the
     yacht, one old man proposing that he be taken on board, "an' leave
     der odder fool niggers ter fight it out."

     It was fully half an hour before the question was decided, and then
     the _Toby_ went on her way, with an addition to her passenger list
     in the shape of five as happy and inquisitive darkies as ever
     sailed down the Pasquotank Paver. They peered in at the cabin,
     careful not to touch anything, but anxious to see all the little
     room contained; they examined the machinery in the engine-room
     critically, while the oldest tried to explain how the boat could be
     propelled by the confusing-looking assortment of steel rods and
     bars. Then they went forward, where they gave themselves up to the
     enjoyment of the hour, as enthusiastic in their praise of the
     little steamer as one could wish they should be. After their
     delight had subsided in a measure, they began to be troubled about
     the amount they might be called upon to pay for their passage, but
     all their joy returned when they were told no money would be
     received. From that moment they were as happy as children, and
     insisted on singing a great number of camp-meeting songs as a means
     of showing their gratitude.

     It was ten o'clock when the _Toby_ was made fast to the dock at
     Elizabeth City, where the passengers were landed, evidently sorry
     to leave the little boat, even though it was to a Conference they
     were going.


       *       *       *       *       *


     I sent you a letter a little while ago, but when I read in the last
     number about somebody seeing a dandelion on December 9, I thought I
     would write and tell you that to-day my cousin came in, and holding
     up a dandelion, said, "Look at that!" We have a pet cat. I went
     skating last Monday, and saw a man break through the ice.

  W. S. N.

       *       *       *       *       *


     MY DEAR YOUNG FRIENDS,--There are so many things I want to talk to
     you about that I am almost afraid to begin this letter, for fear I
     may take up too much room in the precious columns of the
     Post-office Box.

     Our great feast and Christmas pleasure is over. The tree, thanks to
     your dear, generous, kind little hearts, was a perfect success. We
     had some nice garments of clothing for them all, toys and books for
     the children, and candy for every one. They were so happy! I would
     have given almost anything to have had you all here to see the tree
     you had done so much to make, and to see the happy school. Some
     little ones who were so eager to taste it, and could not get into
     their candy quickly enough, sucked the sweet through the lace bags
     that it was in. In fact, we were all very happy; as my children
     said, it was the "best part" of Christmas to us all.

     More new scholars keep coming all the time. We want to start a
     school also for the many poor little white children, who need one
     as badly as the colored ones did; so you see I will have use for
     the books, papers, and all the other things you may send.

     I must thank the lady who sent the presents to my own family; also
     thanks for the _Scribner_ and _Nation_ sent me; and, once more,
     thanks to the little boy who sent me the pretty Christmas card. The
     work on the school building will begin immediately. I will write
     you when we have it done. I have kept all your names; they are all
     to go in there in paint on tablets. I have not quite decided _how_.
     I will write you again when it is done, for I am going to do that
     part myself. Packages, Sunday-school papers, and cards have come
     from kind hearts and hands in many places, and in every instance
     have been appreciated and used where they were needed. The one cent
     sent by many little children was accepted with much pleasure, as
     were the nice large boxes of clothing, candy, and toys sent by many
     kind ladies. Uncle Pete was radiant when he came to wish a Happy
     New Year in his nice suit that had grown on the tree for him, with
     all the others in their nice wristlets, mitts, and the other
     welcome gifts that they received. They have been smiling ever since
     Christmas. Adieu, dear friends.

  Truly yours,

Mrs. Richardson inclosed as usual a list of the names of the kind
friends who make her their almoner, but we have not room for it among
the good things which crowd the Post-office Box this week. They will
each please accept her general acknowledgment as intended to include
every individual.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little boy six years old. I have not taken HARPER'S YOUNG
     PEOPLE very long, but I like it very much. I have a pet cat which I
     call Nero. I have also nine bantams; one I call Gyp, and I often
     bring him in the house and set him on the back of a chair, and then
     I say to him, "Crow, Gyp," and then he crows very loud. My pa has a
     farm about two miles from the village where we live. We often drive
     over there, and I enjoy it very much. I have no brothers nor
     sisters, but I have a nice little playmate named Edward, who lives
     across the street. I am just beginning to write a little, but not
     well enough to write myself, so I told mamma what to write.

  ROY H.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I thought I would write you a letter and tell you of two nice
     games, one for in and the other for out doors. The one for the
     house is called "Going to Jerusalem." One person plays the piano,
     or makes some kind of a noise. Place the chairs in a row across the
     room, every other chair in an opposite direction, one less than
     there are players to go round the chairs, and when the music stops,
     each player must sit down, and of course one will be left out. Then
     one chair is taken away, and the person who could not get seated
     can not play any more, and so on until there are but two players
     going round one chair, and the one who gets seated goes to
     Jerusalem, and wins the game.

     The other is called, "I Spy the Wolf." One is wolf, and the others
     hide their eyes and count, and the wolf hides, and when done
     counting they go and hunt the wolf, who when spied runs and tries
     to tag somebody before they tag base, and if so, both are wolf.
     When the wolf is spied, the person must say, "I spy the wolf," and
     run and tag base. The game is finished when all are wolf.

     I am ten years old. I found two dandelions to-day, January 9.

  MARY E. O.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I live on the St. John's River, opposite Palatka. We have a fine
     orange grove. We are having bananas this winter, although most of
     our neighbors lost theirs by the cold last winter. We will have
     plenty of guavas next summer if we don't have a "freeze," and I
     hope we may not. I wish some of the readers of YOUNG PEOPLE were
     here; we would have lots of fun. I have a puppy three months old.
     His name is Toby Tyler. I hope Mr. Otis will come to Palatka with
     his boat. I am nine years old.


       *       *       *       *       *

We hope the bright eyes that have been watching for the flowers that
this mild winter has made, like Ben Buttles, "dretful venturesome," will
before many weeks of ice and snow be reporting from the South first, and
afterward from colder localities, the earliest out-peeping of the spring
darlings. There is a stanza of Mrs. Whitney's which we like very much:

  "God does not send us strange flowers every year;
    When the spring winds blow o'er the pleasant places,
    The same dear things lift up the same sweet faces,
          The violet is here."

We must have storm and snow first, dears; but courage! the violets will
be here by-and-by.

       *       *       *       *       *


     Will you make room for another stranger?--one who from her cold
     Northern home, wishes to come into a corner of the Post-office Box
     to be warmed and comforted. Will not some of the writers to the
     Post-office Box tell of their Christmas vacations, and how Santa
     Claus treated them on his journey round the world Christmas-eve?

     We have a debating society here, in which all the boys and girls,
     and grown folks too, are very much interested. We meet once a week,
     and have, besides the debate, one or two essays, a reading,
     declamations, and music, and altogether have a very enjoyable time.

     Then we go skating on the lake, and coast on the terrific-looking
     hill behind the town. We go with our sleds to the top of the hill,
     and slide all the way down, and away out on the lake, without

     We have a very pleasant school, too. Where the boats come in, in
     the summer, we can look right down over the town, and see
     everything that is going on.

  RAY R.

       *       *       *       *       *


     I am a little boy three years old. Have taken YOUNG PEOPLE from the
     first number. Mamma reads the stories and letters, and tells me
     about them, and I am every day measuring myself to be big and do my
     own reading. On the 26th of December we saw dandelions peeping out
     of the grass, and looking out to Lake Erie, wondering what had
     become of all the boats of last summer. Mamma had a bunch of cherry
     blossoms on New-Year's Day. One of our neighbors cut a bunch from a
     cherry-tree in November. The buds were very large then, after the
     warm rains. The water was changed every day; now it is covered with
     blossoms, and the leaves are coming out.

     I have a little sister Ruby, and we have great fun together. When
     papa brings YOUNG PEOPLE, he takes her on his lap; then she teases
     to have me get up, and says, "Come, Bover," and "Up, Bover," and
     will not look at the pictures until I am up too. Then we enjoy them
     together. Mamma is writing this for me. I hope soon to write for
     myself. A Happy New Year to HARPER'S YOUNG PEOPLE!


       *       *       *       *       *

C. Y. P. R. U.

"OLD MORTALITY."--Sir Walter Scott's novel of _Old Mortality_ is one of
the recognized masterpieces of English literature. Its scenes are laid
in Scotland during the reign of Charles the Second and James, his
successor, a period which was characterized by intense religious
excitement, and fiery struggles between the Royalists, on the one hand,
and the Covenanters, or Presbyterians, on the other. In this novel
Colonel Grahame, of Claverhouse, cool, dauntless, and insensible to
pity, is one of the central figures. There is a tender love-story
running through the book, but its main interest, after all, is derived
from its splendid descriptions of battles and forays, which stir the
blood to enthusiasm, and rouse the martial impulse which is latent in
the most tranquil natures. The third, fourth, and fifth chapters of _Old
Mortality_ are full of power, and of that vivid word-painting which is
the highest style of writing. They possess the Homeric quality of
dramatic movement and majestic strength, and for reading aloud on a
chill winter night, when the wind is raging outside and the fire is
bright within, they are surpassed by nothing else that the Postmistress

"Old Mortality" himself is scarcely an ideal character, as Sir Walter
drew his portrait from a peasant who for thirty years wandered through
the western districts of Ayr, Galloway, and Dumfries, spending his time
in freshening the inscriptions on the graves of the martyrs. Mounted on
a gaunt white pony, his gray locks straggling beneath an immense blue
"bonnet," his old coat of hodden-gray the worse for years of hard
service, his feet incased in hobnailed shoes, and his limbs covered with
leggings of strong black cloth, this old man, whose real name was Robert
Paterson, went from one church-yard to another among the wild moors and
lonely hills, removing the moss from the rude tombstones, and deepening
the fading letters with his chisel. He lived from house to house,
entertained by hospitable farmers, who revered him, and finally, when
very aged, was found expiring upon the highway, his faithful white pony
standing on guard by his side.

       *       *       *       *       *

WILLIE F.--Your idea that time spent in the study of the dead languages
is lost time, and that you would prefer to devote yourself wholly to
your native tongue, is perhaps a natural one, but it is based on an
error. Latin and Greek are dead languages in the sense that they are not
spoken in any land by living people to-day. But they are not dead in the
sense of having lost their vitality. They enter largely into our modern
languages, and no one can be a precise and thorough scholar in English
without some acquaintance with Latin at least. Study your Latin grammar
patiently, as your teacher advises, and though you do not yourself see
what good it will do you, believe me that after a while you will find
yourself repaid. There are some things which we must acquire by way of
discipline, for it is the disciplined mind which does the best work with
ease, just as the trained soldier can march farther and fight better
than the raw recruit.

       *       *       *       *       *

The Postmistress is fond of looking up the history of words. Some common
words have a very curious history. For instance, demijohn, a glass
bottle covered with basket-work, is a sort of puzzler. Why is it
demijohn? Why John at all? Or if John, why half-john? The truth is, it
has nothing to do with John; but was first manufactured at a town called
Damaghan, in Khorassan, a province of Persia, a place once renowned for
its glass-workers.--Calico, which is so dainty and pretty, and which the
little girls wear to school in summer, derives its name from Calicut in
India, from which handsome cotton goods were once imported to England.

       *       *       *       *       *

There are two articles in this paper that we want the members of the
C. Y. P. R. U. to read, because they will add to the stock of solid and
valuable information that the society is endeavoring to store away in
eager, appreciative minds, viz., "The Waves at Work," by Mr. Charles
Barnard, and "The Scullion who became a Sculptor," by Mr. George Cary
Eggleston. But there are two others that we want the boys and girls to
make the basis of prompt and energetic action. To begin with, we want
the article "On Cigarette Smoking" to produce such an impression that
the stoves and ranges in all houses inhabited by the coming men of the
next generation shall have a grand smoke, consuming in the operation all
the compounded horrors in the way of bad paper, bad tobacco, dirt,
opium, etc., that we now see defiling lips and destroying the nerve and
brain power of the gallant lads to whom the world will soon look for the
wit, the wisdom, the sagacity and the command, that shall keep her
moving in the right direction. Then we want nobody to omit the sketch of
"A School Restaurant," with its pretty illustrations. Papas and mammas
do not like to say no when their pets ask them for pocket-money, and the
pocket-money is nearly sure to go to the confectioner's till. Suppose
you all ask your parents and teachers to consider our idea of a school
dinner nicely served every day. Most of you are sensible folk, and know
just as well as your physicians, or the Postmistress does how much
brighter, better, and rosier you would feel and look if you could have a
hearty nourishing meal to sustain you through the labors and pleasures
of the latter half of the day.

       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.


1. Please bring me a pin, Ella dear? 2. We could not sleep last night,
for we heard the croaking of ravens. 3. Bring me the map, Lena, and help
me find the Amazon. 4. Elma is going to boarding-school, and so are
Jessie and Sue. 5. Has Helen her books, and has Arthur his slate? 6. I
was stung by a wasp or a bee, Charlie. 7. Don't go near the fire, Emma.
8. Tom, bring me your cap, please. 9. What did you do with the tape,


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 2.


  My first is sometimes used
    When boys are very bad.
  My second's oft abused,
    And then 'tis very sad.

  A pet name is my third,
    To boys it does belong.
  My whole's a native bird,
    Three notes compose its song.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 3.


  I am composed of 49 letters.
  My 5, 24, 39, 24, 31, 33, 29 is a peculiarity of the moth's tongue.
  My 12, 42, 25, 38, 40, 10 is something the bee uses.
  My 1, 22, 26 is peculiar to the feet of some birds.
  My 1, 46, 12, 2, 14, 2 is a kind of deer.
  My 19, 43, 19, 24 is a large bird.
  My 11, 32, 44, 28 is an animal.
  My 23, 16, 3, 46, 7, 42, 28, 12, 4, 42, 45, 36, 45 signifies change.
  My 9, 17, 47, 21, 49, 49, 13, 8 enables insects to feel.
  My 18, 21, 29, 30, 45, 46, 37, 6, 45 is the first change of a
  My 34, 15, 49 is part of a fish.
  My 42, 28, 17, 48, 20, 21, 42, 28, 4, 30, 10, 41, 21, 24, 45 is a
    strange animal.
  My whole contains a useful animal.


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 4.


Behead a sharp, quick noise, and leave part of a chain. Behead a wooden
shoe, and leave a bulky piece of timber. Behead learning, and leave
metal in the rough. Behead a part of a carriage, and leave a part of the
body. Behead a useful implement, and leave an apartment. Behead soft
mud, and leave delicious ripeness. Behead part of a whip, and leave a


       *       *       *       *       *

No. 5.


I am numerous, yet but one. I am found in the rare and curious, and
still am in general use all over the English-speaking world. I am found
in every school-room, and no collegiate course is complete without me. I
am valuable in geography and history, and the poets could not well get
along without my aid.


       *       *       *       *       *


No. 1.

Addition.--1. Hoodwink. 2. Feather. 3. Capuchin. 4. Philippine. 5.

Subtraction.--1. Reserved. 2. Coward. 3. Basket. 4. Market. 5. Socotra.

Multiplication.--1. Pa-pa. 2. So-so.

Division.--1. Adieux. 2. Tick-tick. 3. Chow-chow. 4. Frou-frou.

No. 2.


No. 3.


No. 4.

      R O D
    R O M A N
  N O M I N A L
    D A N D Y
      N A Y

       *       *       *       *       *

Correct answers to puzzles have been received from Ralph Birdsall, Agnes
L. Hawley, Edgar Seeman, J. C., "Queen Bess," Louis Burnett, Amy Lee,
Grace Arrowsmith, "Peggy," Boland T. C., "Mother Bunch," Earle Demarest,
Schuyler Lamb, "Fill Buster," Mamie and Clara Blank, Robert Andrews,
Jun., Johnnie Miller.

       *       *       *       *       *

[_For Exchanges, see 2d and 3d pages of cover._]

[Illustration: FIG. 1.]


I have seen a great deal of fun and laughter produced by a very simple
little device, which I call the Spectre Specs.

A large party of people at a small country hotel were yawning away the
evening, as they often do in such places, when the inspiration seized
one of the most able-bodied yawners to do something to break up the
monotony. Taking into his confidence little Tom Wittles, an admirable
boy, with a large faculty for fun and mischief, he induced that youth to
purloin his grandmother's spectacles. With this modest instrument and a
paint-box belonging to one of the guests, they retired to a bedroom,
where the gentleman painted the surface of the spectacles all over with
white paint, and then neatly cleared a round spot in the centre of each
glass. He then painted a couple of pointed eyebrows on his own forehead
with black, and put on the spectacles. Then he tousled his hair, and
twisted a few threads of white and red worsted amongst it. This gave him
an appearance awful to behold, of which Fig. 1 gives but a very faint

Thus transformed, he walked into the dimly lighted parlor doorway, and
inquired in a deep voice of the other yawners whether a gentleman of the
name of Samercanderoffsky was boarding in that hotel. There was no more
yawning after that.

[Illustration: FIG. 2.]

When all the company had completely recovered from their surprise, the
gentleman retired again to his chamber, and began to transform Tom
Wittles. He first painted a pair of eyebrows in the middle of the boy's
forehead, and then slightly altered the eyeballs in the spectacles so as
to give them the appearance of a squint. Placing them on Tom's forehead
just above the real eyebrows, he told him to close his eyes. He led him
into the parlor, and introduced him as the son of Mr. Samercanderoffsky.
Fig. 2 is his portrait. Of course there was no surprise now, but the lad
looked very funny, and produced no end of laughter with his long face
and melancholy expression.

One word as to the material to be employed in painting the spectacles.
Chinese white, such as artists use, is all that is needed; but as very
few people are apt to own such a thing, perhaps the best plan is to cut
two oval pieces of white paper the shape of the spectacle bows, with a
round hole in the middle, and stick them on the back of the glasses.


"For it's our delight of a shiny night at this season of the year."]

*** End of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "Harper's Young People, January 24, 1882 - An Illustrated Weekly" ***

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