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Title: A Book of Birds
Author: Park, Carton Moore
Language: English
As this book started as an ASCII text book there are no pictures available.
Copyright Status: Not copyrighted in the United States. If you live elsewhere check the laws of your country before downloading this ebook. See comments about copyright issues at end of book.

*** Start of this Doctrine Publishing Corporation Digital Book "A Book of Birds" ***

This book is indexed by ISYS Web Indexing system to allow the reader find any word or number within the document.



    A

    BOOK of BIRDS

    BY CARTON MOORE PARK

      [Illustration]



   BLACKIE AND SON LIMITED

 50 OLD BAILEY, LONDON, E. C.
   AND GLASGOW AND DUBLIN
               [Illustration]

               1900



The Flamingo


The Flamingo is most happy standing on one leg in a foot or two of
water.  There he waits patiently for any fish that may come his way.
His colour may be pink or scarlet according to the part of the world in
which he is born; and when he is standing motionless on the look-out for
fish, his red body and long legs give him quite a military
appearance—like a soldier at attention.  The Flamingo prefers a warm
climate, and by moving from place to place he manages to enjoy a
continual summer-time.

[Illustration: The Flamingo]



The Vulture


The Vulture is a very useful bird, but he would not make a pleasant pet.
His home is in the sunny lands of the south, where he is always very
busy in tidying up for Dame Nature.  When any poor animal is killed or
dies of old age the news seems to spread like magic, for although not a
single bird may be in sight, in the course of a few minutes Vultures
come flocking up from all sides.  And they never leave their banquet
until they have eaten up everything but the bones.

[Illustration: The Vulture]



The Magpie


The Magpie is not, as a rule, on good terms with his neighbours.  He is
very noisy, very mischievous, and very quarrelsome, and is not above
stealing eggs from the nests of other birds.  No doubt he clears the
fields of a great number of grubs and slugs, but he does so much damage
in the poultry-yard that he always goes the other way when he sees the
farmer coming.  His nest is built very cunningly of sticks and clay, and
he surrounds it with sharp thorny twigs to keep out robbers like
himself.

[Illustration: The Magpie]



The Penguin


The Penguin is a kind of humpty-dumpty bird.  He is far too fat to
fly—the best he can do is to waddle.  But his fat is very useful to
him, for it is a kind of greatcoat, and helps to keep him warm while
fishing in the bitterly cold waters around the South Pole.  There is
only one time, in fact, when the Penguin becomes lean, and that is when
Mother and Father are bringing up their family.  Then they seem to
forget all about themselves, and while the little Penguins grow sleek
and podgy, the poor old birds become so scraggy that their best friends
scarcely know them.

[Illustration: The Penguin]



The Wren


When the nightingale, the swallow, and many other of our summer visitors
desert us, the little Wren remains through the long winter to cheer us
with her song.  She is a tiny bird, but her song is very loud, and
sweet, and clear, and she may often be heard singing gaily even while
the snow is falling.  In the springtime the Wren builds her nest in the
woods, choosing a place as near to the ground as possible, but later in
the year she leaves her snug home and takes up her quarters under the
eaves of houses, or as near as she can get to the dwellings of man.

[Illustration: The Wren]



The Eagle


The Eagle has long been regarded as the King of Birds, just as the lion
is spoken of as the King of Beasts.  There are some who say that he is
not worthy of this honour, but certainly few of his subjects would care
to fight him for the crown, for he has a remarkably strong beak, and his
feet are armed with the sharpest of claws.  Soaring high up in the air,
he swoops down on his prey like a thunderbolt from the sky, and carries
it off to his nest on some rocky cliff or steep mountain side.  Small
birds, rabbits, lambs, and fawns all help to fill the Eagle’s larder.

[Illustration: The Eagle]



The White Heron


The White Heron lives upon what he can pick up on the borders of marshes
or the banks of rivers.  He has a pretty large bill of fare, including
fish, frogs, rats, mice, and various kinds of snails, worms, and
insects.  With his long legs he wades for some distance into the water,
and there he stands without a movement, waiting for the fish to come
within reach of his terrible beak.  But at the same time he keeps a
watchful eye upon what is going on around him; for the Heron is very
shy, and if you go to call upon him, you will probably find that he is
not at home.

[Illustration: The White Heron]



The Turkey


Although his gobble-gobble is now to be heard in every farmyard, it is
only a few hundred years since the Turkey first came to this country.
He did not come from Turkey, as people at one time thought, but from the
Continent of North America, where he is still to be found in his wild
state.  Mr. and Mrs. Turkey are not always on good terms, for when
Mrs. Turkey lays an egg she has to hide it away to prevent her husband
from destroying it.  In fact, he is a tyrant, and is not afraid of
anybody, except Father Christmas.

[Illustration: The Turkey]



The Bird of Paradise


The Bird of Paradise is the most gorgeous of living creatures.  From the
crest of his head to the last feather in his magnificent tail he is a
blaze of brilliant colour.  And very proud he is of his good looks—so
much so that a number of these beautiful birds will assemble together
merely in order to show themselves off to one another.  In New Guinea,
where the Bird of Paradise lives, the natives call these gatherings
dancing parties; but the poor hen bird, who is not at all good-looking,
is not invited.

[Illustration: The Bird of Paradise]



The Barn-door Fowl


The Barn-door Fowl does not often live to a great age, but her life,
although short, is a very merry one.  She is provided with a comfortable
home, in which she can cackle to her heart’s content, without fear of
being snapped up by her enemy the fox; and every day she receives an
ample supply of corn, to say nothing of worms, cabbage-stumps, cold
potatoes, and other luxuries.  In return for all this she is only asked
to lay a fair number of eggs for our breakfast.  If she will not do
this, of course the consequences are serious.

[Illustration: The Barn-door Fowl]



The Adjutant


The Adjutant bird owes his name to his very dignified walk, which is
believed to be almost as important as that of a real adjutant on parade.
He is nearly as tall, too, as a British soldier, helmet and all, and has
an even better appetite, for he can swallow a fowl or rabbit, or even a
small leg of mutton, at a single mouthful.  The Adjutant lives in India,
where he helps the jackal and the crow to eat up what no other bird or
beast will touch.  When he is about, it is best to keep the larder door
locked.

[Illustration: The Adjutant]



The Raven


The Raven is as black as a chimney-sweep, and very wicked besides.
There is nothing small or weak that he will not attack; but he is
particularly fond of ducklings, chickens, and young lambs.  He is so
knowing, too, that in olden times he was supposed to be able to foretell
the future.  In those days priests were specially appointed to study his
croakings and tell the people what was going to happen; but this was
before there were any newspapers.

[Illustration: The Raven]



The Robin Redbreast


When snow is on the ground, and King Frost holds the woods and fields in
his icy grip, the little Robin Redbreast taps at our window for his
breakfast of crumbs.  If we are very quiet and gentle, and are careful
to shut up the cat, he will even hop into the room and help himself to
the good things on the table.  For of all the little birds that make the
woods glad with their song, there is none so fearless as this tiny
warbler with the red breast, the bold black eye, and pretty winning
ways.

[Illustration: The Robin Redbreast]



The Condor


The Condor is seen at his best far up in the mountains of South America,
where he builds his nest on a crag a hundred times as high as a church
steeple.  Although he is one of the largest birds of prey, he is usually
content to wait until the puma has finished a meal, when he sails down
and eats up what remains.  But sometimes he kills a lamb or a goat on
his own account, and when he finds a meal to his liking he will gorge
himself until he is unable to fly.  Then he is often caught and pays the
penalty of his greediness.

[Illustration: The Condor]



The Goose


The ordinary farmyard Goose has only one business in life, and that is
to grow fat.  The farmer does not teach her any other accomplishment, so
it is scarcely surprising that she is rather stupid.  That the Goose can
be clever if she has the chance we see from the behaviour of her untamed
sisters, who are among the wariest and most intelligent of birds.  They
live in huge flocks, and when they settle down to feed there is always a
sentry Goose on guard to warn them of the approach of danger.

[Illustration: The Goose]



The Cassowary


The Cassowary may be said to be only half a bird, for though he has
wings he is quite unable to fly.  But with his long legs he can run
along the ground at an amazing speed, and it must be a swift horse
indeed that can overtake him.  His home is in the beautiful islands of
the South Seas, where he finds a plentiful supply of fruit.  But he is
also fond of the eggs of other birds, and to assist his digestion he
will swallow any scraps of old iron or broken bottles that may be lying
about.

[Illustration: The Cassowary]



The Pelican


The Pelican is a fisherman by trade, and his fishing basket is a part of
himself.  Just under his bill is a large pouch in which he stores up all
the fish he catches until it is time for dinner.  When mamma goes home
to the little Pelicans, she opens her beak and allows them to help
themselves out of this basket.  Let us hope that she has had her own
dinner first, for they are greedy little rascals.

[Illustration: The Pelican]



The Pigeon


The Pigeon is one of the gentlest and most trustful of pets.  Few birds
can compare with him in swiftness of flight, but although he may
sometimes lose himself, it never occurs to the tame Pigeon to fly away
from his dove-cote, and seek his fortune in the wide world.  Like the
house cat, he thinks there is no place like home.  The Carrier, one of
the swiftest of the Pigeon family, will find his way home over hundreds
of miles, travelling faster than many an express train.  In fact, the
Carrier Pigeon is often used to carry messages from one distant place to
another.

[Illustration: The Pigeon]



The Guinea Fowl


The Guinea Fowl has been so long among us that we no longer look upon
him as a stranger.  He was brought a long time ago from Africa, where
his relations may still be found, assembling in huge flocks in damp,
marshy places that furnish a good supply of worms and insects.  Whether
he be tame or wild, the most remarkable thing about the Guinea Fowl is
his voice.  When he is frightened or angry he gives forth a screech like
an old barn-door creaking on rusty hinges, and he does not leave off
until he and everybody else are quite tired.

[Illustration: The Guinea Fowl]



The Jackdaw


The Jackdaw is a cousin of the Rook, and, like him, lives in flocks.  He
makes his home high up in church steeples and old, ruined towers, where
he spends a great part of the day chattering and quarrelling.  He
quickly makes friends with sheep, and may often be seen in the fields
plucking wool from their backs to line his nest with.  He is easily
tamed if he is caught when just learning to fly, and, as he may be
taught to speak, he makes a very interesting pet.

[Illustration: The Jackdaw]



The Duck


The tame Duck, although now in humble circumstances, comes of a most
respectable family.  She is first cousin to the wild duck, who is much
sought after at certain seasons, and among her more distant relations
are the lordly swan and the graceful flamingo.  As a swimmer and diver
the tame Duck has very few equals among feathered folk.  Even as a
duckling she does not require a single swimming-lesson, but at the first
sight of water plunges boldly in and begins hunting for worms and other
delicacies.

[Illustration: The Duck]



The Peacock


On his head the Peacock carries a crest of twenty-four beautiful
feathers, and behind him a train more gorgeous than that of any
princess.  When he is pleased he lifts up his train and spreads it out
like a fan—a fan of such beautiful colours and so delightful a pattern
that it could not be made for a king’s ransom.  In the moulting season
these feathers drop off, and then the Peacock is so much ashamed of
himself that he hides away until they grow again.  His wife is not so
richly dressed; indeed, the poor thing is quite a dowdy person.

[Illustration: The Peacock]



The Seagull


When circling between sea and sky, or skimming lightly over the crests
of the waves, the Seagull is a picture of beauty and grace.  But all the
while he has a keen eye to business; and a sudden dive, a splash, and
the gleam of silvery scales tell us that another little fish will swim
no more in the deep blue sea.  Like Jack Tar, the Seagull gets his
living on the ocean; but when fish are scarce, or the weather at sea is
more than usually cold, he makes his way inland, and is content with
worms and slugs and almost anything else that is eatable.

[Illustration: The Seagull]



The Parrot


Until he is caught, put in a cage, and taught to say “Pretty Polly”, the
Parrot leads a very pleasant life.  His home is usually in the very hot
regions of the earth, where he makes a pretty picture with his bright
plumage, flitting about in the dense forests with scores and hundreds of
his friends.  He lives upon fruit and honey, and when he is not feeding
he is chattering and screeching.  Even if his neighbour is pounced upon
by a tree-snake or a four-footed enemy his grief and alarm only last for
a few minutes.  One parrot is never missed among so many.

[Illustration: The Parrot]



The Rook


The Rook is a busy, chattering, cheerful soul, who loves plenty of noise
and bustle, and is never content with his own company.  In order to have
his friends and relations around him, he builds his nest in a kind of
bird-village, or rookery as it is called, high up in a clump of tall
trees.  The rookery is governed by strict laws, and one of the strictest
is that strangers are not admitted on any account.  If any rash
new-comer ventures to begin nest-building, the old inhabitants set upon
him with beak and claw, drive him out of the rookery, and tear his house
to pieces.

[Illustration: The Rook]



The Owl


Nobody could be half so wise as the Owl looks; but there is no reason to
suppose that he has more brains than the rest of us.  By day he keeps
himself to himself, for the sun is bad for his eyes; but at dusk he
comes out from his hole in the belfry tower or ivy-covered wall, and
flits about the fields on the look-out for his supper.  When they hear
his grim “Hoot-toot!”  the rat, and the mole, and the little field-mouse
had better hurry home to their nests.

[Illustration: The Owl]



[Illustration: TWENTY-SIX BIRDS]





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